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STANFORD un,v ERS ,ty 





















» 3 ■■ 






JANUARY 1, 1808, TO DECEMBER 31, 1835; 

Preserved in the Capitol, at Richmond. 




Secretary of the Commonwealth and State LUrarian. 




Reprinted with the permission of the Virginia State Library 
New York 

I C\/L D 

Entered according to an Act of Congress, 


For the State of Virginia in the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. 



The subjects treated of in this volume (number ten) are too numerous and 
varied to be comprehended in a preface, and can be best ascertained by refer- 
ence to the index, which will be found to comprehend much of military, civil 
*nd political history, with the names of many who played conspicuous parts 

The war with Great Britain begun in 1812, and with many of its prominent 
"indents by land and sea, and the conspicuous actors therein, the means and 
the men furnished by the State of Virginia in aid of the Federal Government 
will be found greatly interesting. 

The appointment of judges of the various courts, of Virginians to federal 
offices; election of United States Senators; the establishment of the Univer- 
sity of Virginia and appointment of visitors thereto; the management of some 
Indian tribes; the subject of Insurrection; the nullification period and acts 
connected therewith; opinions on the removal of the United States deposits 
from the Bank of the United States; the treatment of the French refugees 
and their slaves imported into Norfolk, and the action of Congress thereon, 
with numerous other topics, will be found embraced in this volume. 

Calendar of State papery 

Thos. Mathews to the Governor. 

On my arrival here on friday I learnt that the General Government 1808. 
had removed all obstacles to the progress of Rose. He accordingly left Jan * ll 
the British Ship Itruria yesterday morning in Palmer's packett with the 
determination of proceeding for George Town or Annapolis, as the wind 
should serve. On their arrival off Potomack, it appears that the objec- 
tions started by Mr. Ronsvern that the ship he came in was not compre- 
hended in the Proclamation of the President, and being the bearer of a 
Minister Extra was to be considered as entitled in every respect to all 
the privileges of any vessel of any other nation with whom the United 
States are at peace. The Gov't of the United States have so determined 
it The Triumph, of seventy-four Guns, was yesterday in Lynhaven 
Bay. This ship, I am informed, has been in the same position for some 
days past, but remains without offering any offence except that of being 
in our witers. 

I am, &c. 

The Bond of William Moseby, with his securities, as Treasurer of the 
Commonwealth, in the penalty of One Million of Dollars, dated January 
12th, 1808, is filed. 

H. Dearborn to the Governor. 

I have the honor in reply to your Excellency's letter of the 3rd Inst Jan. 12, 
to state that we have uniformly considered a Division as composed of department 
two Brigades — that it was intended by the President that the twelve 
months' volunteers should be formed into Corps distinct from and uncon- 
nected with the other Troops and be fully organized and officered accord- 
ing to their respective numbers in each State. 

If by a separate organization ot the 12 months' volunteers and the 
other volunteers and drafted men there should be from six to eight Regi- 



1808. ments of either Corps, two Brigades and one Division may be formed, 
Northamp- an( * a ^ a J or -General of each Division appointed as well as the Brigadier- 
ton Generals. It must be presumed that in Virginia there will be in any 
mode of organization consistent with our laws and usages from 14 to 1 f> 
Regiments, eight of which would form a full Division. 

I am, &c. 

Nathaniel Holland to the Governor. 

Jan. 15, Recommending Peter Bowdoin as Commissioner of Wrecks for tK — le 

ton" 11 *" C° un ty °f Northampton in the room of George Savage, dece'd. 

Alexander Smyth to the Governor. 

Jan. H» In pursuance of the proposition I had heretofore the honor to make 

to your Excellency, relative to a Regiment of Volunteers, I have the 
pleasure to inform you that such progress has been made therein that 
several commissions may now issue without any hazard of disappoint- 

If agreeable to the Executive, I would prefer having commissions for 
every officer as an Officer of this Corps, which has taken the denomina- 
tion of u The regular Viryhn'a Volunteers." 

A clause may be inserted in the commissions of those who arc Militia 
Officers (of the same rank as that now conferred) that they shall tak c 
rank as such from the date of their commissions in the Militia. 

Commissions may issue for the following Oflicers: 1808, Jan'y 1*'- 
Alexander Symth, Colonel; Francis Smith, Major; Charles Taylor, 
Major; Captains, Joseph King, Alexanders. Lyle, Airam Craig, Marti 11 
Dickerson (Rifle). 

Lieutenants: James Newell, Thomas Lewis, Jr., Frederick Fulkcrson? 
James Sharp, Robert Goodson (Rifle). 

Ensigns: Charles Davis, Andrew Kincannon, Cyrus Robinson, Rob*-* 1 * 
Woods, Robert Ewing (Rifle). 

1 am, &c. 

E. Carrincjton to the Governor. 

Jan. 27 Consenting to accept the office of Visitor to the Penitentiary for a re* 1 * 

Itirlimond sonable time. 


I). I. Burr to the Governor. 

Solicits appointment of Purchasing Agent for the Penitentiary. 1808. 

Feb. 8, 

Sam'l Parsons and Son to tiie Governor. 
Solicit appointment as Purchasing Agent for the Penitentiary. Feb. 8 

John Tyler to the Governor. 

I find the Assembly has made a considerable alteration in the district Feb. 10, 
Law, which I think a good one as far it goes, but surely equity ought to reenwa y 
follow the law, and had another Law gone hand in hand with it for the 
diffusion of knowledge on easy terms throughout the State, in a short 
time the morals and manuers of the people would be considerably im- 

The first mentioned subject was half done because of some influential 
members having a monopoly in three Chancery Courts. The second is 
done nothing in because of the eternal war declared against the Arts 
and sciences and a determination to pay nothing by way of taxes to the 
supjK)rt and encouragement of Education — the true and solid foundation 
of a free Government. This new system will derange mc I expect in 
»»)' old days, unless I am allowed to have pretentions not inferior to my 

I have been four years longer in the Judiciary than any Judge of the 
tieueml Court, and 82 years in public service, so that when the allotment 
w made I may reasonably be allowed to expect a Convenient Circuit. I 
a w willing to go into the Norfolk or Williamsburg Circuit, which, from 
every consideration, I may reasonably enough expect. 

I beg you will be pleased to lay my pretentions before your Honorable 
Board, when it is projier to do so. 

I am, tfce. 

P- 8. I am in the Center of* the Williamsburg District and convenient 
to the Norfolk. 

J. T. 

Peyton Ii.vndolimi to the Governor. 

Returning his commission as Captain of the Richmond Republican Feb. Mi, 
"•Ues, likewise the commission of Thomas Ritchie as Ensign of same on K'chinor.d 
ac coimt of the reduced condition of said Company. 


John Connbll to the Governor. 

1808. It is with pleasure that I have to inform your Excellency that Major 

^Broolu> McGuire, of the 1st Battalion, and 257 men (including officers), have* 
County volunteered their services under the Act of Congress of April 18th ^ 

Captain Gardner's Troop of Cavalry have also volunteered their ser- 
vices under the same act. 

I am, &c. 

By the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

A Proclamation — February 25th. 

Authorizing the acceptance of the tender made by Wade Mountfor-' 
of his house at Rich-Neck in the county of Warwick, for the purpose 
holding the Courts and transacting the business of the said County, 
during the times required for the enlargement and repair of the Courrfc 

W. W. Hkninu to the Governor. 

Feb. 26, In my letter of yesterday I informed you that I had not then calle*«3 

Washington Qn ^ G Secretary at War — that I should wait on him to-day; and that » 

communication was expected from the President on the subject of ou» *" 

negotiations with Great Britain. 

I attended at the Capitol before the usual hour of the meeting 
Congress, in order to learn the result of the communication, if it we^" e 
not of a confidential nature. 

Of the occurrences of to-day, various opinions have been formed. Tfc* e 
following are the facts: Very shortly after the Speaker had taken Hkr^ e 
Chair, Mr. Coles entered with a message from the President. Havii_~*£ 
learnt from a member of Congress that he was the bearer of a confulcrwi- 
tial message, I expected every moment that the Galleries would "fc> e 
cleared. In that instance, however, I was disappointed ; altho' it w 
not announced as a confidential message, yet it was obviously the pi 
cursor of something of a very serious nature. 

Adverting in general terms to our relations with the powers of Euroj^ e ' 
the President recommends the immediate augmentation of our Milita."*"y 
Force to thirty thousand additional Troops, viz., 24,000 volunteers of U^ e 
Militia to serve from one to f\ve years, and 0,000 regulars. After ^ n 
interval of about an hour from the receipt of this communication 1 * 


another was made to both houses of Congress, which was declared to be 1808. 
confidential The doors were now immediately closed & remained so at \v»8hinKton 
a late hour this evening. This last message is said to have been accom- 
panied by communications from our Ministers at London & Paris, 
brought by a vessel which left London on the 27th of last month. 

From the circumstance of the President's having previously recom- 
mended such an increase of our Military establishment, the presumption 
is that they are unfavorable to a state of peace. 

Between the first and second messages of the President, I called at the 
War Office, but the Secretary was not to be found. His clerks supposed 
that he was engaged with the heads of Department at the President's 
House. I shall make another effort to see him to-morrow, & will en- 
deavor, if possible, to adjust our claim, or at least to establish such 
principles as will leave no difficulty hereafter. 

The general opinion of the well informed here is that we have no alter- 
native between the continuance of the embargo and actual hostilities. 

I shall endeavor if possible to ascertain the contents of the last com- 
munication to-day, & will advise you of the result. In the meantime, 
I pray you to make known to my brethern of the Council the simple 
and unadorned statement of facts with which I have furnished — and 
assure them that nothing but the impossibility of writing to them all 
has prevented roe from writing to any one. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. W. IIkning to the Governor. 

Altho' the second message of the President was communicated am- Feb, 28, 
fideidally on Friday last and was read in the House of Representations Washington 
with closed doors, yet the members of Congress were at liberty to divulge 
its contents. In truth, owing to the defective sight of the Vice-President 
who did not observe the President's injunction of secrecy, the message & 
all the accompanying communications were read in the Senate without 
any restraint or ever clearing the Galleries. 

These communications consisted of a very able remonstrance addressed 
by Mr. Pinkney to Mr. Canning on the subject of the late orders of Coun- 
cil of the British Government, and of a similar remonstrance from Mr. 
Armstrong to the French Minister of Exterior relations on the subject of 
the Ship Horizon, lately stranded on the coast of France, & whose cargo 
was condemned as coming within the provisions of their blockading de- 

The object of the President in wishing that the communications might 
not be published, was that they detailed conversations held by our min- 
isters with those of the Government near which they were, & if publicity 


1808. were given to them it would lay a restraint on the communications of 
WaKhinirton *° re *8 n Ministers which might operate injuriously on our affairs. It is 
said that no intimation was given to Mr. Rose of the intended orders of 
Council; that he was merely sent out to amuse us with an ostensible 
negotiation when it was the design of his Government to sweep from the 
the Ocean all our property afloat, and which was only prevented by the 
precautionary measures of embargo; and that he has no |>o\ver to treat 
further than as relates to the affair of the Chesapeake. 

These are the sentiments of well informed members of Congress, some 
of whom do not hesitate to say that were they President of the United 
States they would order Mr. Rose off in twenty-four hours. Little doubt 
now remains but that the negotiation is actually suspended, and will not 
be resumed till the British Minister shall receive further orders from his 
Court. Indeed this is an occurrence which might naturally be expected. 
The important change which has been wrought in the relations between 
Great Britain and the Northern powers, particularly Russia, may induce 
her to assume a tone less haughty than when .Mr. Rose sat out on his 
to this country. 

Yesterday I had a long conversation with the Secretary at War on the 
several items of our account, and the various other topics which you re- 
quested me to mention. It is impossible within the compass of a letter 
to detail what passed between us; the result is all that can be noticed. 

From the Secretary I passed on to the Accountant, through whose 
office all our accounts must go. With him I ascertained the principles 
upon which a final settlement would be made, and I must now see tht^ 
Paymaster before my business with the public offices will be closed. 
From all of them I learn that not a cent will be paid except the claim 
conies strictly within the letter of the Acts of Congress. Thus the pay- 
rolls & muster-rolls of the respective corps will on being duly made out 
& certified, be paid according to the rate of compensation allowed by 
Act of Congress. All charges beyond those are considered contingencies 
which may or may not be allowed by the Secretary of War. And upon 
what has passed between us as well as from his general character for 
parsimony I am inclined to believe that a number of our items will be 
objected to. The claim for services rendered by Brigade Inspectors & 
others in mustering & inspecting the requisition he observes has never 
been made by any State in the Union, & of course will not be allowed. 
No positive opinion was expressed with respect to any other ifem except 
for the horses which died in service. To any allowance for these he has 
strong objections. I have made a minute in writing of all the topics 
discussed by us, and will communicate them fully on my return. 

At our first interview the Secretary made use of language respecting the 
conduct of the Executive of Virginia in the affair at Norfolk, which I felt 
it my duty to repel with firmness and with some degree of indignation. 


This latter sensation I endeavored to suppress as much as possible, 1808. 
and tho' our meeting was not very propitious, we parted most excellent wiuhingtou 
friends. On handing him your letter, he observed in the presence of a 
Senator from the State of Tennessee, that the claims of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia were not very strong on the General Government in 
consequence of the Executive's having called into actual service a por- 
tion of the Militia before they had consulted the President, and because 
they had retained three companies in service at Norfolk when they were 
only authorized to retain two. He expatiated on the consequences which 
might flow from the State Government's calling the Militia into the field 
at their own will and pleasure ; thereby charging the United States with 
the payment of expenses which might be very unnecessarily incurred. 
To the first charge I replied that the Executive had merely anticipated 
the measures recommended by the President that the steps taken by 
them were precisely such as the President directed in his answer to your 
letter conveying intelligence of the attack upon the Chesapeake and the 
subsequent blockade of the port of Norfolk. That the Executive of 
Virginia had only exercised a constitutional and natural right in repell- 
ing the invasion of their territory and a violation of their sovereignty at 
the moment when it occurred; that this was a right reserved to the 
States by the Constitution ; was one which they neither did nor could 
surrender, and was the last which Virginia would relinquish to any 
power upon earth. 

With respect to the charge of our having kept up three companies 
when we were only authorized to retain two y I observed that he was in- 
correct in point of fact That after the President had been consulted, 
no greater force had been employed than what was either expressly 
authorized by the President or came within the discretionary power dele- 
gated by him to the Executive of Virginia. 

To-morrow I shall examine the carriages adopted by the General Gov- 
ernment for the mounting of cannon which are now deposited at the 
Navy Yard. Perceiving that you have not as yet corresponded with the 
Secretary at War in relation to the best models, I shall endeavor, if 
possible, to obtain them. He has given me a letter of introduction to 
the chief architect, and has requested his immediate attention to my re- 

The models approved by the General Government are a combination 
of whatever was deemed most useful in the modern system. Prom what 
I have learnt, I believe there will be no difficulty in procuring a supply 
of timber from the United States to mount all our cannon, and from the 
present aspect of our affairs, I believe there is not a single moment to be 

The Secretary at War informed me that the General Government had 
it in contemplation to erect immediately a fortification at Hood's, on 


1808. James River, and requested to know whether the property in the scite 
Washington De ^ on g e ^ t° ^ e State of Virginia or to individuals. On this subject I 
was not prepared to give him the necessary information. I could only 
say that I did not know, that it belonged to the State, nor could I tell to 
what citizen it belonged. He will address a letter to you on the subject 
In the mean time, if you could collect information, it would be doing a 
public service. 

As the original vouchers must be produced on the settlement of our 
accounts against the United States, it might be advisable to request the 
Auditor to copy them all as soon as possible. If I can close my business 
to-morrow I shall set out immediately for Richmond. 

I am, &c. 

Joseph Lewis to tite Governor. 

Feb. 29, I have had the honor to receive your Excellency's letter covering a 
Washington Resolution of the General Assembly of Virginia, proposing that the 
Constitution of the United States shall be so amended " That the Sen- 
ators in the Congress of the United States may be removed from office 
by the vote of a majority of the whole number of the members of the 
respective State Legislatures by which the said Senators have been or 
may be appointed ; " and a copy of an act of the last Assembly, entitled 
"an act for the defence of the Eastern frontier of this Commonwealth." 

It will always give me pleasure to contribute my aid in carrying inco 
effect any measure sanctioned by the Legislature of Virginia conformably 
to my convictions of right. 

The timely protection of the State must command the applause of all 
true Virginians, and I trust Congress will now hasten their preparations 
of defence, in as much as the last advices from our Ministers at London 
and Paris indicate that we may soon be called to defend ourselves. 

I have understood that General Lee, in his quality of General in our 
Militia, addressed a Letter to your Excellency in the course of the past 
summer on the subject of defence of our State, and particularly of York 
River. I shall be much obliged if your Excellency will have the good- 
ness to direct a copy of that letter to be sent to me. 

I am, &c. 

Robert Smith to the Governor. 

Feb. 29, I had the honor this day of receiving your letter of the 25th inst., & 
Da N Jt Vy now enc ^ 08e an ora<er upon the Navy Agent at Norfolk to deliver to your 


order the necessary timber for carriages for the Guns mentioned in your 1808. 
letter. I have stated to the agent that such timber will be returned by Navy ' 
the Government of Virginia as early as may be practicable. Department 

I am, &c. 

Wm. W. Heninq to the Governor. 

It was my intention to have left this place to-day on my return to March 1, 
Richmond, but I found it impossible to arrange all my business at the Wash,n K ton 
public offices till it was too late. 

In the morning I expect to set out so as to reach home on Friday 
night Every thing which could be done by me in relation to our 
account against the United States has been effected. Yesterday I 
visited the Point at which all the United States Artillery is mounted. 
The Architect demanded $120 for a model and drawing of a carriage for 
a field piece. 

Believing that an expense of this kind was not contemplated when the 
Executive advised me to procure proper models before any contract 
should he entered into, and firmly impressed with a conviction that we 
have not a moment to lose, I have undertaken at my own responsibility 
to obtain from the Secretary at War the loan of any field piece which 
we may require now lying at Norfolk, and which were made upon the 
very model for which such a sum was demanded. The carriages can be 
brought up with the timber, which the Secretary of the Navy assures 
me was lent with great pleasure, and on which subject he has advised 

I have also obtained from the Secretary at War two volumes of plates, 
<kc., &c., on the construction of field Artillery on the new French Model. 
All these things combined will give us a more accurate idea of the sub- 
ject than any thing which could be collected from a written corres- 

As it certainly will be important to act upon several communications 
which I shall make, I could wish that the members of the Council would 
consent to meet on Saturday. It was very much my wish to have gotten 
to Richmond on Thursday night, but such is the difficulty of doing busi- 
ness in the public offices, that I never could complete mine till to-day. 

I am, &c. 

David I. Burr's Bond as Agent for the Penitentiary in the penalty of 

Fifteen Thousand Dollars, dated March 1, 1808, is filed. 




Wm. Sharp to the Governor. 

1808. Asking permission to have the new Arms held by the 54th Regiment 

n't Ik* y^P^.V P rove d before any further use is made of them. 

Lemuel Cornick to the Governor. 

March 12, Recommending Thos. Cornick as commissioner of Wrecks in Princess 
? An£T Anne Count y in room of Wni- White, dec'd. 

Thos. Jefferson (President of the United States) to the 


March 13, I received last night your favor of the 10th. There can certainly be 
ington no p regen | ; objection to the forwarding the letters therein mentioned 
according to their address. 

We have nothing new of importance except that at the last reading of 
an amendatory bill a few days ago, the H. of R. were surprised into the 
insertion of an insiduous clause permitting any merchant having prop- 
erty abroad, on proving it to the Executive, to send a ship for it We 
are already overwhelmed with applications, and there is real danger that 
the great objects of the Embargo in keeping our Ships & Steamers out of 
harm's way will be defeated and every vessel and seaman sent out under 
this pretext and placed in the prise of the belligerent tyrants. I salute 
you with friendship and respect. 

Hancock Eustace to the Governor. 

March 19 Reporting the amount of Tobacco due to the Commonwealth by the 
Tenants on the Bristoe Tract of land in Prince William for the year 
180G to be 26,200 lbs., and asking instructions as to its collection. 

Henry Lee (Major-General) to the Governor. 

March 20, Mr. Lewis lately sent me your Excellency's Letter committed to his 
Alexandria q^^ j thank you, Sir, for your polite attention to the claims of my 
Aids, and will, as soon as I return, transmit the requisite documents. 

The negotiation at Washington, so long the object of National Solici- 
tude, is off. 

Mr. R. will return re infecta. The obstacle which proved insur mount- 


able commenced at the threshold of the negotiation — namely, that the 1808. 
King of G. B. having disavowed the act of his Admiral, the proclama- Alexandria 
tion thereupon must be revoked, after which complete reparation would 
be made. Mr. Madison offered to revoke the proclamation and receive 
the reparation, dating the two acts on the same day, but this attempt to 
accommodate was not deemed admisible. 

I lament from my heart that the negotiation did not succeed, yet I 
trust war will not follow. 

Permit me to ask your Excellency to give to the enclosure safe con- 
veyance by some private opportunity. 

I am, <&c 

A. Lkwis to tub Governor. 

I hope in case a war with any power, and it is necessary to raise March 20 
Troops, you will, if you think me a proper person, remember my early 
application to you. A war cannot be the wish of any friend to his coun- 
try, but if we should be driven into that measure, I feel a strong desire 
to bear my part in the struggle. 

I am, &c. 


The Field Piece which the Company I have the honor to command March 2), 
promised to furnish themselves, has just got to hand — viz., a double ^aneville 
fortified brass 3-Pounder, with its carriage, Limbers, <fcc, compleat, the 
whole perfectly new and remarkably strong. Having done so much for 
themselves, they now thro' me earnestly request that his Excellency the 
Governor and the Hon. Council will please to direct that they be imme- 
diately furnished with proper swords; and this solicitation, Sir, I beg 
you will urge in the name of the Company with that delicacy and zeal 
which you think their patriotism merits. Regardless of the considera- 
tion that the services of the company have been accepted, perhaps there 


tt not a district of country in the whole State that it would be more pro- 
per to arm agreeable to the Law passed the last session of Assembly. 

Your friendly attention to my former letter on this subject induces 
me to hope that I shall soon receive an answer to this. 

In the mean time, I remain, 

Yours, &c. 


J. Grigsby, Wm. Morrow, and Linaii Mins, to tub Governor. 

1808. Recommending Charles Arbuckle as Superintendent of the Kanawha 
March 28, D nn j 
Lewisou^ RowL 

J. Grigsby, Andrew Bierne, and Ch. Simon, Com'rs, to the 


Ma*ch 31, The undersigned Commissioners appointed by " an act concerning the 
Lewisburg Ro a( j from the upper navigation of Kanawha River to the Upper navi- 
gation of the James River," passed January 5th, 1808, after having taken 
the oath prescribed by said Law, have passed over and examined the two 
routes heretofore explored, from the house late Hugh Balentines to the 
Kanawha River, to-wit, the Road through the Loop, and the Peters 
creek Road, and have come to the following resolution thereupon, 

Resolved, unanimously, as the opinion of the Commissioners that the 
two thousand dollars appropriated by said act shall be expended upon 
the Loop Road. 

James Semple to the Governor. 

April 2, Asking that a commission of Captain in a company of Light Infantry 
Williams- mjged j n James City county, to which he has been elected, be sent him. 
Likewise soliciting arms for said Company. 

H. Dearborn (Secretary War) to the Governor. 

April 4, I have delayed an answer to your Excellency's letter of the 28th ult, 

War from a wish to have a conversation with Mr. Foxall. in relation to the 
Department ' 

difference that ought to be made between the pieces of old brass cannon 
to be cast over and that of new field pieces, but altho' I have twice 
visited his foundry for the purpose, I have not been able to see him. 

The difference cannot, I presume, be less than twenty cents per pound. 
One of your old 32 pounders will probably weigh about 6,000 lbs., if so, 
for one of them we could afford to give you four six pounders and one 
twelve pounder or thereabouts. We would probably furnish you with 
two twelves and four sixes on the receipt of the six old cannon, and the 
others as soon as they could be cast from the old pieces. The United 
States have no 4-pounders cast, they are not considered useful pieces. 
Six pounders weigh but 6 cwt., and the twelves 12 cwt 

I have requested Dr. Shore to endeavor to close a bargain for the point 
at Hoods, and I hope he will be able to do it on reasonable terms. 

Yours, &c. 


John Darby to the Governor. 

Renewing the tender of service of hit* artillery company raised in imos. 
Richmond County, made first on December 4, 1807. , f . | „ -» 

JJ J Middlesex 

Jambs Madison (Secretary State) to the Governor. 

Transmitting 1254 copies of the Laws of the United States, 2nd See- April!), 
sion, 9th Congress, the proportion of the State of Virginia. ^of State" 1 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Advising that the Machinery for the Boring works for the Foundery at AnHI 13, 
theVa. Manufactory of arms he procured from Foxall, of George Town, Anns 11 
as early as possible. 

Hancock Eustace to the Governor. 

In answer to your letter bearing date the 1st of April, I have to in- April 15 
form you I have received from the Tenants 30,700 lbs. Tobacco. The 
highest price offered is 16-6 pr. hundred. The Tenants are owing a good 
deal of Tobacco — some of them more than I can distress for ; I there- 
fore wish to know if it is the wish of the Executive for me to make gen- 
eral distress amongst the Tenants and those owing more than 5 years' 
rents to have suits instituted against them for their several balances. 
My predecessor recovered from the Executor of Bullett a considerable 
quantity of Tob'o as a balance due by him as the former agent; also 
from the Executor of William Carr 21,515 lbs. Tob'o. I will ascertain 
from the Executor of Bullett the precise quantity paid by him, and will 
advise you thereof in a short time. 

I am, &c. 

John Shore to the Governor. 

I had the honor to receive your letter of the first instant, and have April 17, 
now the pleasure to inform you that I have concluded the purchase of l^ttr^hurg 
the site at Hood's at one thousand dollars in conformity to the instruc- 
tions of the Secretary of War. 

From five to eight hundred dollars were first offered, but the Proprie- 


1808. tors remained inflexible. The title is indisputable. Ten acres, includ- 

raereborR * n 8 ^ e ^ld ^ ort » w '^ ^e * a ^ °^ ^y ^e County Surveyor to-morrow, and 
the deed of conveyance made to the United States and recorded in the 
District Court now in session here. 

The Secretary of War writes me that as soon as the agent, Capt John 
Batte, notifies his acceptance of the appointment, he should remit five 
thousand dollars to commence the purchase of materials, <fcc. 

I am, &c. 

W. W. Henino to tiie Governor. 

April 19, I have this moment enclosed to Gen'l Moseley a Draft on the U. S. 
Washington Bank at Norfo i k for Three Thousand five hundred dollars. This sum is 

on account of the pay of the Troops, which I have experienced much 
difficulty in getting passed in as much as there were no mudcr rolls 
accompanying the pay-rolls, and the rules of the office require muster- 
rolls in all cases. Our other claims are in a train of adjustment, but 
they are so incomplete and so little conform to the rules adopted in the 
accountant's office, that I am obliged to explain every item by my own 
recollection of the circumstances which occurred previously to passing 
the account by the Executive. 

Unless some member of the Executive had attended with the Presi- 
dent's original letters, and who could explain the various items of the 
accounts which were paid by us, I am perfectly satisfied that we could 
not have passed our claims to the amount of One hundred Dollars. 

I am, &c. 

Govas Stors to the Governor. 
April 20 Recommends Samuel Carter as a Turnkey at the Penitentiary. 

Abm. Douglass to the Governor. 

April 22, Informing of his appointment of Samuel Carter as Deputy Keeper at 
Richmond the Penitentiary in consequence of the resignation of Win. H. Quarles. 

Wm. W. Henino to the Governor. 

April 23 If th e Executive have taken no order in relation to the whiskey and 

Washington other military stores purchased for the expedition to Norfolk, it will be 

proper to let the subject remain in statu quo. I have this day got the 


accounts for those items passed thro' one department, and hope I shall 1808. 
ultimately succeed. It will be better for the United States to pay for w^Sihigton 
them at the enormous prices at which they were purchased than those 
articles should remain the property of the State. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. W. Hbning to the Governor. 

By the last mail I remitted to Genl Moseley seven thousand two hun- April 27, 
dred and ninety-two dollars and forty-two cents, which sum I deposited M ,n * ton 
in the Hank of Columbia and took a check on the Bank of Virginia for 
the amount. These Banks having mutual dealings, I preferred this as 
the safest and most expeditions mode of remittance. 

I send him to-day a Draft for the further sum of two thousand eight 
hundred and sixty-four dollars and ninety-seven cents, making in the 
whole the sum of thirteen thousand six hundred and fifty-seven dollars 
and thirty-nine cents remitted by me from this place. 

Finding that our claims began to press sorely on the Treasury of the 
United States, the accounting officers of the War Department have 
started an objection to a final settlement till they have returns from 

They say that as we have no regular subsistence account or provision 
returns for the detachments of Militia at Richmond, Petersburg, Wil- 
liamsburg, <fcc., while at their rendezvous or on their march to and from 
Norfolk, and as all the troops need rations from the contractors at that 
place, it is impossible to tell, until his accounts shall be settled, whether 
the advances made by the State of Virginia for provisions, &c., are such 
as might be deemed reasonable or not. I endeavored to repel these 
objections by arguments which satisfied my own mind, and would have 
satisfied any person not disposed to withhold payment at ail events. 
The truth is, they do not wish to part with the money at present; but 
say they will resume the settlement of the accounts as soon as they 
receive returns from Norfolk, or if I will stay three weeks they will settle 
them on the principles which I contend for. The consequence of this 
difficulty will be that all our claims for provisions, &c, will remain sus- 
pended. But it is that branch of our claims, which, above all others, I 
should wish to remain unsettled because it involves principles the least 

Several other items of our account, must, for the present, remain 
suspended, the vouchers not being sufficient even in my own opinion. 
I therefore did not press them. In some instances the Auditor has fur- 
nished merely the advice of Council directing a sum of money to be 
paid without any account accompanying it showing for what object it 


1808. was advanced. These claims are all left open for such further vouchers 

WiiHldiiffUm M we raav ^ e a ^ e *° P rocure - ^ n most c* 863 1 know they are attainable 

If I cannot during this day produce a change in the prospect of a 
final settlement, I shall immediately return to Richmond. As long as I 
had the business in a train of adjustment, I thought it my duty to re- 
main, especially as my explanations were necessary at every stage. 

I am, <fcc. 

Rob't Poktrrfibld to thr Governor. 

April 28, Expressing satisfaction that the Board had determined to compensate 
Augusta ^ Q jj r jnr a de Inspectors for extra services. Also his approval of the 
description of a Rifle proposed to be adopted for a portion of the Militia. 
Recommending the greater manufacture of these arms, and the encourage- 
ment of Cavalry as an arm of the Service. 

Henry Foxall to the Governor. 

April 20, Submitting a proposition to manufacture and put up all the Machinery 
Kouii*!rv *° r ma ^ m ? cannon at the Va. Manufactory, and send hands to put up 
the Machinery at his own expence. This work to be strictly confined 
to the Machinery, for the sum of Five Thousand Dollars. 

Epes Spain (Captain) to the Governor. 

June 4, Tendering service of the Rifle company, commanded by him, to the 

D CVmntv le Government under the act of the 18th of April. 1806, to march at a 
moment's warning. 

John Trumbull to the Governor. 

June 10, Enclosing Resolutions of the Legislature of Connecticut opposing the 
Lebanon ac tion of the Legislature of Virginia in regard to changes in the Consti- 
tution of the United States. 

James Meng to the Governor. 

June 14, Asking leave to resign his commission as Captain in the first Regi- 
Edwani ra ent of Artillery, purposing to remove to the South. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

Suggesting changes in the proposals of Mr. Foxall for the erection of 1808. 
Machinery at the Armor}' for the manufacture of cannon, by which three Jnne 15 
cannon instead of four could be bored at the same time. 

James Faulkner to the Governor. 

I take the liberty of writing to you once more on the subject of Arm- June 15, 
ingmy company. Since I had the honor of receiving your last letter, ** 

there has been a Iaw passed by the Congress of the United States appro-: 
priating a sum of money for the Arming of the Militia generally under 
the directions of the Governors of the different States, and as it appears 
to me that Arms might be obtained at this time by you under that Law, 
if so, I flatter myself that your Excellency will feel a desire in gratify- 
ing men who at the first alarm made a voluntary offer of their services 
for one year under the Law of February, 1807, and are anxious to learn 
their discipline that they may be of use to their country in case of a 
call, which discipline Artillerists cannot acquire without necessary Arms. 

I am, &c. 

Samuel G. Adams to Colonel George W. Smith. 

I have obtained from the Proprietors the use of the water from four June 25, 
Springs on Shockhoe Hill for the purpose of watering, by means of Pipes Richmond 
sunk so low as to keep the water perfectly cool, that part of the Town 
between Mr. Graham's Lott on the Main Street and the Market Bridge, 
but am apprehensive that these Springs will not be sufficient. Could I 
procure the use of the water from the two at the Capitol, I think there 
would be little doubt of having a sufficient quantity. Will you be good 
enough to mention it to the Governor and Council of State, and know 
°f them if their consent can be obtained, that I may have the use of the 
surplus water from the two springs after supplying the Capitol and Bar- 
racks; and if I shall enter into Bond and security to erect and keep in 
repair, so long as I may wish to use the water from said Springs, a 
Reservoir, to be water Proof, on the publick Lands between the Capitol 
and Bank of Virginia, to be used in case of Fire for either of those Build- 
Jugs, whether they will suffer me to make use of the stone, &c, which 
forms the present Reservoirs. The one to be erected to be at least twenty 
feet square. 

I am, &c. 


Robert B. Hunnicut to tiie Governor. 

1808. Returning his commission as 1st Lieut, of the Troop of Cavalry of 
» g -f' Surry. 

James Bankhead to the Governor. 

July l, Returning commission as Captain of Light Infantry in Caroline, hav- 

PortKoyall j n g accepted a commission in the United States Army. 

Gabriel Smithers to the Governor. 

July 1, Proposing to manufacture Rifles at $15 each. Also soliciting leave to 

* >eper have made a carriage for a 4-pound Gun bought by him for his Artillery 
company, a supply of swords and a Drum and Fife for same. 

Hugh Mercer to the Governor. 

July 5. The Artillery Company of this Place, under the command of Capt 

re bunt 8 " R° Del 't' Lewis, I have much satisfaction in informing you, bids fair to be 
a valuable Corps. The Officers and men already enlisted, evince the 
most laudable zeal in the discharge of their Duty. I feel assured that 
so soon as the Gun Carriage, Muskets and side arms are received, that 
Captain Lewis (a most respectable and well qualified officer,) will com- 
plete immediately a Company which will do credit to the State bj' an 
active and regular attention to Duty. The object of this letter is to re- 
quest that the Executive would send on as soon as practicable the arms 
and accoutrements intended for this Company. 

Permit me to suggest to you that Mr. Ryland Randolph, with whom 
you are probably acquainted, is placed in a situation in Richmond which 
would enable him (if requested,) to give the earliest information of any 
vessel bound for our Town, wherein those accoutrements could be safely 

Be pleased to offer my friendly Regards to Mr. Wirt. 

I am, <fcc. 

Abm. Douglass to the Governor. 

July 13 In reply to your note of this morning, I inform you that the manu- 

factured articles on hand at the Penitentiary for sale, will amount to 
$16,000, and those at the Agent's Store to at least $3,000. 


The agent for the 3 months ending the 1st day of June last, sold isoh. 
Articles to the amount of $3,500 or thereabouts; the articles manufac- Ju,y *'* 
tured for the same period for sale amounted to upwards of $8,000. 

1 should imagine that if an Agent was appointed at Lynchburg, one 
at Petersburg, and one at Fredericksburg, they would not be more than 
sufficient during these times, to dispose of the surplus Articles that can 

not be sold here. 


I am, <fec. 

Charles Arbuckle to the Governor. 

I ree'd your favor of the 8th of last month, requesting me to certify July 16, 
whether Thomas Wilson's precinct of the State Road leading from the Gr cenbrier 
Upper Navigation of Kanawha, <fcc., was com pleated agreeable to con- 
tract I have not seen the contract, nor had satisfactory information re- 
specting it ; therefore would prefer a copy of the contract before I give 
my opinion fully on the subject. 

I have let the repairing of the State road in three precincts to be com- 
pleated by the first of November for the following sums : The first be- 
ginning at Loop Creek Shoals (which is said to be the upper point of 
irrigation on Kanawha) to the top of New River ridge or Clift, for six 
hundred dollars. The second from thence to John Huff's, on Suel 
Mountain, Including the Clifts on each side of New River for Five hun- 
dred and ninety dollars, and the third from the top of Suel Mountain to 
Christian Pearcy's (formerly Hugh Ballentine's) for Five Hundred Dol- 
lars. The whole amount — sixteen hundred and ninety dollars — which 
is to be paid in one month after the completion thereof. 

The undertakers, which are Peter Boyer, the first and third, and 
Samuel Flesh man, the second precinct, are now at work. You will 
please to say whether } r ou wish to have a copy of the Contracts for- 
warded, as they contain a full description of the manner in which the 
work is to be done, lengthy, which renders it inconvenient to forward 
them at this time. 

I am, <fcc. 

Colin Buckner to the Governor. 

Returning his commission as Lieut, in a Volunteer Company, having j u i y 19, 
accepted an appointment in the U. S. army. P° rt Royall 



David Trokes, &c. to the Governor. 

1808. Accepting appointment as agent for the sale of articles manufactured 

p* ti y \ 1 ' a * ^ ne P en itentiary. Enclosing Bond as agent. 

Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

July 21, Informing of the death of Robert Gurrant and recommending John 
Richmond w^^gon Pleasants to fill the vacancy occasioned thereby as clerk to the 

Thomas S. Johnston to the Governor. 

July 25, Accepting appointment as Agent for the sale of articles manufactured 
Fredericks- at the Penitentiary. Enclosing Bond. 

John Clarke and Alexander Quarrier to the Governor. 

August 5, I n compliance with the request communicated in your letter of 25th 
Richmond \]\i^ we yesterday made a partial examination of the present condition 
of the Capitol, and have to state, that altho 7 that edifice requires con- 
siderable repairs in many parts to preserve it from ruin, yet the following 
appears to us more immediately to require it. We discover considerable 
leaks in the roof where the chimneys pass through it which admit rain 
water, dec., to descend into the brick work & greatly injure the walls as 
well as the timbers of the building; the bad effects of these leaks may 
be traced from the roof to the ground. The sash of the Sky-light in the 
roof requires a small repair to prevent it from leaking. There is also 
considerable leakage over the two windows in the Office of the Chancery 
Court at the Southwest comer thereof which is owing to the pavement 
over those windows having been taken up and removed, which now 
admits rain water to pass down through the brick work into said office. 
This will require a repair of the pavement and new cement in the joints 
thereof over those windows. There is also a leak over one of the win- 
dows of the Office of the General Court (below stairs) which requires 
repair. Some small repairs are also requisite for a window in the entry 
leading into the Auditor's Office, and also for a window in the South 
east corner of the said office. 

To preserve the glass of the windows between the court-room and the 
Portico we recommend that those windows should be furnished with 


shutters. It is impossible to form an estimate of the ex pence of repair- 1808. 
ing the parts which leak, as the extent of the work cannot be known un- ^"hmoni 
til the part is laid open. 

We are, <fcc. 

Thomas Wiatt to thb Governor. 

Accepting appointment as agent tor the sale of articles manufactured August 13, 
at the Penitentiary and enclosing Bond. ync l urg 

Richard Corbin to the Governor. 

Enclosing a Return of his Company of Artillery of the 4th Regiment, August 14, 
4th Division, Va. Militia, which is on file. Laneville 

Richard E. Parker to the Governor. 

Accepting appointment as one of the commissioners to superintend August 15, 
the Election of Electors to choose, a President and Vice-President. Wejttinore- 

ALjo informing of the arrival of Cavalry arms for his County. 

C. Smith, Colonel 25th Regiment, to the Governor. 

Informing of repairs done on the anus held by his Regiment, and August *J2 f 
forwarding list of muskets, cartridge boxes, and bayonets of same. King George 

]). I. Burr to the Governor. 

Being informed that it is contemplated by the Executive to provide a August 30, 
further compensation to the Agent for the Penitentiary at Richmond, l* IC " ,,,olul 
in consideration of the executive duty devolving upon him of purchasing 
all the materials of manufacture, &c. t both for public service and supply- 
ing the several Agency s lately appointed, I trust it will not be deemed 
intrusion to offer the following statement which may serve to show the 
profits accruing from the Agency as now established. 

An estimate thereof may be fairly drawn from the accounts of the 
Quarter ending with May last, and is confirmed by the experience of the 
Quarter with this month. 


1XK The Agents' commissions on sales made in the quarter ending with tl 

bS2«S inonth of May last annmnted to .... $181 63 

Equal to, $726 52 pr. at 

The expenses of the agency ate : 
Rent of half store-room © $200 p. an.. - - $100 
Do. one ware-room for shoes, 50 

Do. one do. for nails, 30 

One assistant required lor selling and keeping 

account of sales, ..... 3ti() 
Drayage, Ac, from Penitentiary was last quarter 
$20 08, equal to, 80 32—620 32 

Leaving a balance in favor of Agency o£ $106 20 pr. an 

The appointment of other Agents most affect the sales at this place in 
considerable degree (thereby lessening the commissions), in as much as 
the goods that would be sold from this to the other towns and theii 
vicinities will now be taken from their respective agencies. 

I am, &c 

Joiix Ellis axd II. Warden to the Governor. 

Sri*. 4, Wc have established at great risk and ex}>ence a Gunpowder Manu- 

° a 5feE? 6r iskCior y within two miles of the cit - v of Richmond. 

We have on hand a considerable quantity of powder of every descrip- 
tion, which we can confidently recommend to be of good quality, sain 
pies of which we have taken the liberty of sending to your Excellency 

Saltpetre, 75 lbs. of which we are obliged to put to every 100 lbs. o 
good jKjwder, has risen within a few months from 17 to 30 cents iu tin 
lb., and is a cash article. 

We have as yet sold very little |K>wdcr; have exhausted our funds ii 
laying rent, hands hire, repairs to works, in the purchase of Saltpctn 
and a number of other articles necessary for our business, and for wau 
of money are unable to progress with our operations. 

Should our country be disposed to encourage this young establish 
ment for making powder, so near and convenient to the seat of Govern 
uieut, by advancing to the partners as much money as may be safe i 
lay out in that article for one year, the partners will oblige themselve 
to deliver powder in small or large quantities fresh from their work 
when required by the Executive — by which one of the most valuabl 
institutions of their country will be nursed in its infancy, and the Man 
agers ever bound to respect and esteem the friends and benefactors c 
their well-intended exertions. A submission of this Statement to th 
consideration of the Executive will greatly oblige, 

Y'rs, vvc. 


James Faulkner to the Governor. 

Agreeable to your Excellency's directions of the 28th July, I forwarded 1808. 

a return roll of the- strength of my company on the 17th Ultimo, and as Martmpbuiv 

our Regimental muster is on the 20th of next month, I take the liberty 

of suggesting to your Excellency that if the swords for the use of my 

company are shipped from Richmond any time the beginning of October 

for Baltimore or Alexandria, I will send a wagon down to either place to 

wait their arrival, in order that we may have them to parade with on 

that day. Please let me know by the bearer, Mr. Collins, who is Deputy 

Sheriff of this county. 

I am, &c. 

R. Robertson to the Governor. 

The painful duty has devolved on me of announcing to the Executive October 4 
the Melancholy circumstance of General Moseley's death. 

I am, <fec. 

Hkxry Blow, Wm. Blow, Sam'l Blunt, Trustees Nottoway 

Tribe Indians to the Governor. 

The law which directed the sale of the lands belonging to the Notto- October 8 
way Tribe of Indians in the year 1792 or 1793, also directed the then Southamp- 
Trastees to lay out the proceeds of the said sale in certificates which 
drew six j>er centum interest, from the difficulty of obtaining the certifi- 
cate**, as we have been informed, the money was not laid out as directed. 
The Trustees lent to John Wright a certain sum for which he became 
bound in six per centum certificates, and makes the sum of £451.6.8 the 
amount stated to be due from him in our report. He has been uni- 
formly punctual in the payment of the interest, and complains to us of 
the hardships of having the money forced from him \n the present diffi- 
cult time. In reply to him we promised to lay the case before your 
Excellency, and to be governed by your direction concerning it. We 
would be thankful to hear from you on this subject when convenient. 
It is now the most favorable season of the year for surveying the Indian 
lands, and nothing prevents us from entering on the business but the 
want of direction about the term of the leases, the limited quantity of 
acres to l>e contained in a lease, and proper forms to act by. 

We are, &c. 
£451 .G.S the ain't in certificates. 


Nathaniel Pope to the Governor. 

1908. I received by Express on the 12th Inst a letter from Mr. Samuel 

*2?2j ,er JJ Coleman, one of the Clerks of Council, written by your direction, an- 
nouncing my appointment by your Honorable Board to the office of 
Treasurer of the State. 

This distinguished Mark of their approbation of, and confidence in me, 
which I shall ever hold in grateful recollection, cannot but afford me the 
highest gratification, but as I am persuaded that the sacrifice of my 
health would be the consequence of my perminent residence in Rich- 
mond, and as / tnov that a great many others better qualified to dis- 
charge the duties of that important office may be easily selected, I must 
decline the acceptance of the appointment. 

I am, Arc. 

Arthur Em merson to the Governor. 

October 20 Informing that he had purchased for the Artillery Company, of which 
Poftsnooth ^ was Captain, 2 Brass Guns measuring forty-three inches, carrying a 

four pound shot asking that the same may be mounted at the public 


Also asking that his company be allowed to wear a uniform which 

they had furnished themselves before knowing that prescribed by the 


John Coalter to the Governor. 

Octolier 27 Two weeks ago I received a Letter from Alexander McRea, Esqr., act- 
Stannfon jpg j n your absence, giving information that the Executive in Council 
had requested me in my professional character to inquire into a fact 
which it seems had been allcdged — That General Porterfieltl was con- 
cerned in preparing <fc that he subscribed the address to the President of 
the United States which lately appeared in the public prints, & which 
was proposed to the citizens of Augusta for adoption, and that if I should 
ascertain that he had in any respect an agency in preparing or in pro- 
moting the adoption of the address, that I should establish the fact so 
ascertained by regular affidavits & transmit them without delay to the 

The letter containing this information should have been answered im- 
mediately but for the arrangement in the mail which leaves this place 
the day before its arrival from Richmond, and the week succeeding the 


receipt of the Letter I was attending Rockingham Court, so that this is 1808. 
the first opportunity I have had of answering it. °bSSm 9 

As to the facts relative to which I am requested to make an enquirj', 
I have but little information to give. 

I was at Charlottesville District Court at the time of the meeting on 
the 17th of September. Before that time a meeting of the citizens of 
Augusta county on that day had been requested by advertisement & I 
have been told that from 130 to 150 met at the Court-house. That Gen- 
eral Poterfield was called to the chair, & after stating the objects of the 
meeting as published, a committee was appointed to draft an address, &c. 
That on the address & resolutions being reported, a motion to have them 
published for the consideration of the people was carried by a small 
majority, and that General Porterfield, as chairman, certified the pro- 
ceedings of the meeting; the address & resolutions I understand were 
signed by the Committee but do not understand that they were signed 
by General Porterfield. 

As to his agency in preparing them I am told that on the morning of 
the 7th ulto. & shortly before the meeting he declared himself ignorant 
of the object of the meeting, but that during this conversation he was 
told that his attendance was requested at Chamber's Tavern & that he 
there saw the address & resolutions which had before been prepared by 
Mr. Carter Beverley. I have had no conversation with General Porter- 
field on the subject <fc therefore know not from himself whether he 
approves of the address or not, nor do I know that he has promoted their 
adoption. Having been told that he had some time ago expressed his 
approbation of the embargo Law I supposed he could not approve of so 
warm a denunciation of that measure; however, I have been lately in- 
formed that he says he is not pleased with the language of the address 
& resolutions, tho' he approves the sentiments. 

These are all reports. I have thought it of dangerous tendency & im- 
proper to — into the private walks of General Porterfield & to enquire 
either from his political friends or enemies what have been his private 
declarations <fc conduct. 

I merely state what I have casually heard in conversation without 
enquiry, and from what I have heard in that way I am unable to dis- 
cover what would be the result of a particular enquiry, had I power and in- 
clination to call on witnesses to depose to their knowledge on this subject. 
Ah to this mode of enquiry, I must beg leave to decline entering upon 
it. It will be well known that this does not proceed from any want of 
deference and respect for the Executive of the State or zeal for the pub- 
lic service. On the contrary, I will give a few reasons which have 
induced this determination, and tho' they may be incorrect, yet were I 
to act contrary to my own convictions of propriety I could not feel easy, 
however respectable the authority under whose opinions I had acted. 


1808. I unite with the Executive, and I believe an almost unanimous eoun- 

^t*' untold * rv? m ^^ re 8 ret that at ^ ls time any portion of the people, and espe- 
cially my intimate friends and neighbors, should entertain and deem it 
necessary to express such opinions of our National Government as those 
contained in the address and resolutions referred to; yet if such arc 
their honed opinions, ought they to conceal them or ought their patriot- 
ism and love of country to be drawn in question on that ground? 

If for party purposes they express sentiments which they themselves 
do not believe, we can only endeavour to detect the fraud and expose* 
them to those whom they wish to deceive; but if they really believe the 
Government to be corrupt, it is surely their right to say so. This is a 
sacred right I have always contended for, and have ever deemed its exer- 
cise compatable with true patriotism and love of country. 

We are making a great experiment in political science, in which this 
right is a grand feature. How it will eventuate — whether the full exer- 
cise thereof as established by our constitution, by legalizing unfounded 
calumny against the Government, leaving it to the virtue and good sense 
of the people to correct that abuse of this great privilege, will place us 
in a worse situation than we would be were we to be held to answer for 
our opinions at the Bar of that Government whose acts we denounced, 
the final result of the experiment will discover. 

But as far as I can judge from what is past, I think a full and free 
exercise of opinion and expression as to public measures and public men 
in their public function* ought to be considered sacred. Nor do I believe 
that as it relates to foreign nations ought the confidence between man 
and man and between one portion of the people and another to be 
destroyed or diminished because of a difference in opinion as to men or 
measures nt home. Where we have good reason to believe that the 
opinion is not honest but propagated for party purposes, then our con- 
fidence ought to cease in that man as an honest politician. 

When the opinion is honest but we believe it to be incorrect, that man 
as a politician, on that ground, ought not to be trusted. The facts of 
honesty or mistake in opinion are questions on which no legal tribunal 
can act; each man must act and judge for himself. This doctrine I feel 
the 11101*0 because the tumults originallv excited in mv veins does not 
cease to ebb and tlow whenever I have cause to recollect the time when 
the governing party, who were suspected by the Democrats, or some of 
them, for wishing to unite us too closely with Great Britain at the 
expense of a war with France, in turn denounced them as disorganizes 
and friends of France, and unworthy to hold commissions in the pro- 
visional army about to be raised to oppose that power. I believe no 
man who then opposed the measures of Government from a conviction 
of improper motives and wishes in our Government as to our foreign 
relations, felt that he was less a friend to his country than those in 


power, or less willing to support the laws until a Constitutional change Ikok. 
should take place. °mSS^' 

I have long known the chairman and a number of the committee, 
also a number of men who voted in support of the address and reso- 
lutions, and believe they would be as far from knowingly opposing 
Government in an improper way as any people, and that in case of war 
with any nation, they would be as true friends to their country as any. 
In case that war, that greatest scurgc, should befall our nation, I should 
deprecate any distinctions or exclusions from the ranks on the score of 
political sentiment. The sin of turning enemies to our Country and 
Loves to each other because of a difference in opinion as to men and 
measures ought to be considered as Uic *m ay<tin*L nature, one of which 
no man could be capable until damning proof should strike him at once 
from the list of human Injings. I religiously believe no such sin will be 
committed by any man in the County of Augusta. I can give no 
apology for thus trespassing on the Executive. Our Court is now sitting; 
I have been compelled to let my pen run, and have not time to revise 
and curtail. They will Ikj assured of my friendship and that 1 feel 
myself in the hands of friends when I submit to them so hasty a scrawl. 
I deemed it necessary to write by this mail. 

I am, &c. 


Urmsby, Jabkz Leftwicii, Daniel Couch, and Ciias. Davis, 
Esquire?, Commissioners. 

Having accomplished the view from Crow's Ferry to the great falls at October 27, 
West Ham, and from thence down to this place, which commenced on "N-'hmoiid 
the 17th Inst., at a season which we consider to have been so drv as to 
leave the river in a State lower than ought to be called common dry sea- 
son, and by which you have been enabled to judge of the improvements 
made on the bed of the river by the James Itiver Company, as enjoined 
on them by the Acts of the Legislature, beg leave to suggest that we 
think the public interest, as well as justice to individuals, will be more 
probably effected by a full statement from you on the following points : 

1. That it was considered by you that the river was in a state suffi- 
ciently low and clear for the view. 

2. That much work and labor have been expended on the bed of the 
river from Crow's Feny to this place. 

3. That the trial boat drawing the depth of water required by Law 
passed through the whole improvement without being obliged to take 
out any part of the lading, except at Plane above the mountain, and 


1808. then only some of the people on board stept out for a few minutes a 
October 27, onp nlflCfi 
Richmond one P jace - 

4. That altho' there were some occasional hangs as above, they hav 
been considered generally as arising more from the crookedness of th» 
Sluices formed by dams and wing-walls to confine the water to the lega 
depth than from want of water in the Sluices, and this principally abov 
the mountains. 

5. That from Lynchburg down the improvements have been mor 
effectual, and that loads much heavier than can be transported in Boat 
drawing no more than the depth required by the law, were found goin 
to Richmond from this and various other points on the river. 

6. That the improvements necessary for low-water navigation appea 
to hazard the transportation of produce in the increased rise of watc 
until it gets to a certain height, and thereby may endanger as well a 
impede in some degree the navigation at times when it would be moi 
beneficial than in the lowest state of the river; that this observatio 
applies more particularly to the river above the mountain, and is a sul 
ject which it is conceived was not sufficiently understood or conten 
plated either by the Legislature at the time of passing the charter or th 
individuals who formed the Company. 

We conceive, Gentlemen, that the public interest will be promote 
when objections arise in your minds, if any such there be, to the preset 
state of improvement by specific statements on each place — the enrol 
which you think have been committed and the mode of improvemer 
which will in your judgment be most beneficial at such place. 

Indeed, Gentlemen, if you will be so good as to give all the informi 
tion on this important subject which the view just made may ha\ 
enabled you to collect, altho' some of its details may exceed what yo 
may think necessary in the certificate, it will not only be of public utilit; 
but highly gratifying to us who as agents of the James River Compair 

Are yours, &c. 

H. Dearborn to the Governor. 

October 20, The President of the United States, by virtue of an Act of Congres 
War passed on the 30th day of March, 1808, entituled "An act authorizing 
detachment from the Militia of the United States," has directed me 1 
call upon the Executives of the several States and Territories, to tal< 
effectual measures to organize, arm, and equip according to Law, an 
hold in readiness to march at a moments warning, their respective pn 
portions of one hundred thousand militia, officers included. This, ther 
fore, is to require of your Excellency to take effectual measures for ha 1 
ing Ten thousand one hundred and Ninety Eight of the Militia of Vi 


ginia (being her quota), detached and duly organized into Companies, 1808. 
Battalions, Regiments, Brigades and Divisions, within the shortest period y^ar **' 
that circumstances will permit, and as nearly as practicable in the follow- Department 
ing proportions of Artillery, Cavalry, and Infantry, viz: one twelfth 
Artillery, one Sixteenth Cavalry, and from one sixteenth to one twelfth 
riflemen and the residue Infantry, to be completely equipped with arms 
and accoutrements fit for actual service, including Blankets and Knap- 

Any Corps of volunteers, who, previous to orders for taking the field, 
may tender their services conformably to the second section of the 
aforesaid act, will be considered a part of the quota of the said State 
according to their numbers, and your Excellency is also authorized to 
accept as a part thereof, any company or companies of Volunteers either 
of Artillery, Cavalry, or Infantry, who may associate and offer them- 
selves for the service agreeably to an Act of Congress, a copy of which 
is enclosed, passed on the 24th of February, 1807. And I have to re- 
quest that your Excellency will endeavor to inspire as general a dis- 
position as possible for voluntary offers of service, especially under the 
last mentioned act. Permit me also to suggest the importance of having 
such general and field officers, as can, in all respects, be relied upon in 
case the detachment should be called into actual service. 

When the Detachments and organization shall have been completed, 
the refci>ective corps will be exercised under the officers set over them, 
but will not remain embodied or be considered in actual service until by 
subsequent orders they shall be ready to take the field. 

Your Excellency will please to direct that correct inspection returns 
be made of the respective corps, and that copies thereof be transmitted 
to this Department as early as possible. Separate returns should be 
made of those who have heretofore volunteered, and may volunteer, 
under the last mentioned act. 

I have the honor to be, itc. 


1 take the liberty of sending mv commission as an officer of the 88th October :il 
*fcj?'t. The reason why 1 do it is that 1 am about to leave the State, 
a nd I think it is necessary that my Company should be officered as soon 
w possible. 

1 am. tfce. 


David S. Garland to the Governor. 

1H0S. Be so good as to make known to the Executive Council, my accept*' 

R ? V " 4 'd Ance °^ * ne Ofn" ce of Register, under the appointment, and under cov^ r 
you will receive my Bond, with security for the performance of tr * c 
duties of that office. I take the liberty of mentioning to you the pr*^*~ 
priety of a committee from your body being appointed for the purpo^^ e 
of examining the State of the Books and papers in the Office to whic^ ** 
I have been recently appointed. 

I am, &c. 

Archd. McKae, Captain, Washington Weisigeu, Lieutenant 
and Peter F. Smith, Ensign, to the Governor. 

Nov. 8 Tender the service of the Manchester Republican Blues, by their re- 

quest, through the Governor, to the General Government, for twelve 
months, for the defence of the same. 

John W. Price, Captain Washington and Jefferson Artillery, 

19th Regiment to the Governor. 

Nov. 9, Whilst we depricate war when it can be avoided without sacrificing 

Richmond i\ xe honor of our country, still we acquiesce in it with all its concomitant 
evils rather than submit to the smallest degredation; impressed with 
these sentiments the company which I have the honour to command con- 
sisting of — Rank and file, have unanimously requested me to make 
known to you that they are ready and willing to sacrifice private interest 
to the promotion of the public good, and to that end they now proudly 
volunteer their services as a part of the quota called for from this State 
by the President of the United States; and furthermore they state they 
will hold themselves in readiness at a moment's warning to rally around 
the Standard of their Country. 

I am, &c. 

George Turner, Captain Richmond Rifle Volunteers, to the 


Nov. 10, Tendering for himself and the Richmond Rifle Volunteers, consisting 
Richmond f 5Q ? Rank and file, their services as a part of the Quota required o 
the 19th Regiment Virginia Militia by the President of the Tnitec 



Armistead Long to the Governor. 

I take this opportunity of communicating to you that I have removed 18O8. 
from the County of Jxmdoun, consequently my command of the fifty- Nov - 12 
seventh Regiment of Virginia Militia ceases, and I beg leave to name to 
you Captain Armistead T. Mason as being the best qualified of any man 
within the bounds of the Regiment to succeed to the command, and I 
have no doubt but he will discharge the duties with fidelity and ability. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Godwin to the Governor. 

Returning Commission as Ensign in the 59th Reg't Virginia Militia Nov. 14, 

on account of removal from the State. Nanminond 

( onnty 

Wm. Sharp (Lieutenant-Colonel 54th Regiment) to the 


Informing of the measures taken for the suppression of a reported Nov. 14, 
Insurrection with affidavits concerning the same. Norfolk 

James Faulkner to Major James Singleton. 

Having understood that you are Major of Artillery, and as the Law Nov. 15, 
a Ppears deficient in regard to whom I shall make my return, I now en- Martin8 hurg 
c 'ose one to you as the most proper person. If I am correct and you 
ni y commanding officer, I hope you will use your influence with the 
Executive to procure the necessary arms, as mine appears to be the only 
organized Volunteer Company of Artillery in General Smith's Brigade. 

Major Wm. Davidson informed me that Mr. John Heiskell, of Win- 
diester, had been commissioned as a ('apt. of Artillerists and received 
hi* swords, but as lie had no men, he supposed that Capt. Heiskell would 
have no objections to deliver up his swords to proper authority. If they 
fan be had, I would send for them, as we muster the last Saturday in 
December, when, if convenient, will be happy to see you. 

I am, &c. 


B. W. Letoh to the Governor. 


1808. In June or July, 1807, the Petersburg Republican Light Infantry 

WKhm^ (belonging to the 2nd battalion of the 39th Virginia Regiment), who 
were then commanded by Capt. T. B. Robertson, and whom I have now 
the honor to command, tendered their services to the president of the 
United States, by whom those services were accepted. The tender was 
general, specifying no term of service and referring to no particular act 
of Congress, in conformity to which it was made, and the President's 
acceptance was as general as the tender. The Company afterwards 
knowing they had designed to give Government as complete control over 
their services as it could legally exercise, unanimously construed their 
tender to have been made under the act of Congress of Feb'y 24th W, 
and this I specially reported to the Colonel commandant of this Regi- 
ment, then engaged in complying with your former requisition of the 
Virginia quota. But as there were about that period many tenders and 
acceptances of Volunteer services of a like general nature with our own, 
I presume some uniform construction will be adopted as to their effect 
and as to the obligation they impose. If such tenders be decided to 
refer to the provisions of the act of February 24th, '07, 1 am happy to 
learn from your last general orders that the services of the company I 
command and of others similarly situated, are already fully pledged 
and that no further tender will be proper or is expected. 

If, on the contrary, they be decided to refer to the other laws of the 
United States on this subject, I learn from the same general Orders as 
well, that our former obligations are discharged, as also what is the 
present duty incumbent on us. I take the liberty to ask of the Execu- 
tive explanation and advice on this head. Meanwhile, and in all advice, 
I assure you in the name, and by the particular direction of the Peters- 
burg Republican Light Infantry, that they will never be the last u to 
manifest the love of Countrv bv rallving round her standard and press- 

ing forward in her service/' 

I am, &c. 

Richard K. Parker to tiik Governor. 
Nov. 20, Tendering his services in any militarv capacitv consistant with his 

John Peuram to the Governor. 

Nov. 22 Tendering his services the second time for attacking or repelling the 

Dinwiddie enem i eg G f bj 8 country. 


Drury Berciiett, Captain, to the Governor. 

Tendering service of the company of Light Infantry attached to the 1808. 

02nd Regiment of Militia, in the county of Prince George, as a part of jpJ5iic«" 

thequoU called for from Virginia by the Prefiident. George 

James Faulkner to the Governor. 

Having observed your General orders of the 9th inst, for volunteers Nov. 25, 
to hold themselves in readiness, and as we offered our services under the " 

Law of Congress of February 24th, 1807, and still wish to be considered 
among the first ordered to March, I hope your Excellency will furnish 
us with Swords at least, that we may learn that exercise so as to be 
e*jual to any Troops in that part of Artillery Discipline in case we have 
to take the field. Your letter of July 28th last, promising me swords, 
I received and answered immediately, with a return Roll of the strength 
of my Company Inclosed, but not having the honor of receiving any 
communication from your Excellency since, I am apprehensive some 
new arrangement has taken place that will disappoint me in my hopes 
of receiving any for some time, as Wm. Davidson, Brigade Inspector, 
told me John Heiskell, of Winchester, had some years ago been commis- 
sioned as Capt. of Artillerists, has received his swords but has got no 
men. I expect the Regiment that I am attached to will be called to- 
gether when the commandant receives his orders, at which time suitable 
arms would inspire both officers and soldiers with redoubled ardor, for 
the feelings of brave soldiers without arms is not to be described. For 
further information in regard to the Honor, Patriotism, Appearance, and 
standing in society of the officers and men whom I have the honor to 
command, I refer you to the Delegates from this County in the General 
Assembly of this State. 

I am, &c. 

John Mathews to the Governor. 

Enclosing Return of his Troop of Cavalry, 83 men and officers, Nov. 25, 

horse?, arms and furniture complete, and tendering their service in Augusta 
, . _ , r i © County 

defence of the country. 


Richard Corbin to the Governor. 

1808. In consequence of previous notice the Company of Artillery under 

LanevmV m ^ command assembled on their usual parade on Friday, the 25th Inst 
Your general orders of the 9th being first read, and the object of their 
meeting fully explained, the vote of volunteering their service was taken, 
when, to the great gratification of their officers and their own immortal 
Honor, not one dissentient was found. In compliance, therefore, with 
their wishes and the authority delegated to me, I now take pleasure in 
offering the services of the said company (the King and Queen Artillery 
Blues), consisting of 75, Rank and file, for nix months ; and flatter my- 
self from the former honorable notice taken of them by your Excellency, 
and the honorable — they will again be permitted to form part of the first 
Quota, called from Virginia. 

I am, <fec. 

Auditor's Statement of the Operations of the Virginia Penitentiary 
from December 1st, 1807, to November 30th, 1808: 

Receipt*, $81,376 14 

Disbursements, 70,132 99 

Profit, $11,243 14 

Commission to officers at 45 per cent., - - - 5,059 3o 

Apportionment, viz. : 

Keeper, 15 per cent., - $1,68G 45 

Assistant Keepers :ind Turnkeys at 5 per 
cent, each, - $562 15, - - - 3,372 90 $5,059 3-5 

Samuel Baker (Captain) to the Governor. 

Doc. 1, Tendering the services of his Troop of Cavalry of Frederick Co. fo 

New Town, ^ e defence of his country. 
Stephens- J 


W. Foushee and Edward Carrixuton to the Governor. 

Dec. 1, Reviewing the Report of the Commissioners appointed to view the 

Richmond improvements made on the bed of James River. 


B. W. Leigh (Captain) to the Governor. 

Tenders the services of the Petersburg Republican Infantry to the 1808. 

Government (the second time) in conformity to the Act of Congress pi^V 2, 
of 24th of February, 1807. " ™ ° 18 

W. Tenney (Captain) to the Governor. 

Tendering the service of the Hunting Shirt Republican Light In- Dec. 3, 
fantry Company of Amelia to constitute a part of the Virginia Quota Amelia 
of Militia at present in requisition to serve six months. 

John Pegram, B. G. (Fifteenth Brigade), to the Governor. 

As I entertain doubts whether it would be proper to permit the Vol- Dee. 6 
unteer Companies of Light Infantry to substitute the body of the Mili- 
tia required to be held in readiness under your late orders for this rea- 
son: All Volunteer Companies have been drafted by the Executive for 
a regular rotine of duty by entire companies; if then they tender their 
services to supply the place of the Militia and are embodied in the 
Field, and another requisition is made for Light Troops, I could not pos- 
sibly comply with orders. I beg leave for explanations upon this subject. 

I request also to know whether a company of Riflemen will be 
accepted in place of a Light Infantry required from my Brigade, Cap- 
tain Spain's Company having tendered their services for that purpose. 
Most of the Companies of Light Infantry having tendered their services 
under the former requisition, and from your orders I consider them 
nmv discharged. 

I have the pleasure to inform you that the 39th and 83d Regiments 
have furnished Volunteers for the present requisition with a prompti- 
tude that reflects credit upon them. The other Regiments have not yet 
made returns. 

Captain Pegram 's Troop of Horse have made a tender of their ser- 
vices, and have requested me to state that the Swords and Pistols with 
which they have been furnished are extremely indifferent, such as can- 
not be relyed upon in Action, and beg your attention to this subject. 

I am, &c. 


Richard Young to the Executive. 

1808. In obedience to a request of his Excellency the Governor, requesting 

Rfchmond rae *° ma ^ e 8Ucn n °tes °f reference concerning the public Square as had 
come under m} r observation, in order more fully to explain a survey and 
map of that and the adjoining property belonging to the Commonwealth, 
made by me at the request of Mr. Alexander Quarrier, I beg leave to 
call your particular attention to two Acts of the General Assembl}' of the 
Commonwealth, the one passed at their May Session 1779, entitled an 
act for the removal of the Seat of Government from the City of Williams- 
burg to the Town of Richmond, and one other act passed at their May 
Session, 1780, entitled an act for locating the Public Squares. To enlarge 
the Town of Richmond, and for other purposes. The first of these Acts 
contemplates the location of six several Squares, to be surrounded with 
streets so as to enclose all the ground contained in such squares, be their 
size whatever might have been determined on. 

By the latter of these acts sundry Gentlemen were nominated directors 
of public buildings, to them was delegated certain powers by the said 
act, to whose proceedings I beg leave to refer you, as contained in the 
papers furnished by William Hay, Esqr. These will explain the dis]>osal 
of the public property on Ix)ts Nos. 357 and 358, together with sundry 
other of their proceedings while they continued to act under the authority 
aforesaid. The powers which was vested in these Gentlemen was by act 
of the General Assembly, passed the 8th of January, 1805, transferred 
to the Common Council of the City of Richmond, as will appear by a 
reference to the said Act, who, by a resolution of that body, passed on 
the 18th of July, 1808, proceeded in conformity to what they understood 
to have been the intention of the said directors, to recognize and desiguate 
by name the Streets surrounding the public Square, as will more fully 
appear by a reference to the said resolution, a copy of which is hereunto 
annexed, all of which is humbly submitted by, 

Yours, iV*c. 

City of Richmond, In Common Council, July 18th, 1808. 

Mr. Robenson, from the committee appointed to procure from Mr. 
Win. Hay and lay before the Hall such parts of the proceedings of the 
Directors of the public buildings as provide names for any of the streets? 
lanes and Alleys of the City, and to report to the Hall such names a^ 
they may think would -be proper to be given to the streets, lanes and 
allevs, to which names have not been iriven bv the said directors, uiad*^ 
a report, which, being read three several times, was agreed to by th^ 
Hall and is as follows : 


The Committee appointed to procure from Mr. William Hay authentic 1808. 
copies of such proceedings of the Directors of the public buildings, as r ic ^j, J 1( i 
provide names for the Streets, lanes and alleys of this city, and to report 
to the Hall such names as they should think proper for the streets, &c, 
in those parts of the Town to which names have not been given by the 
aid Directors, have accordingly procured such copies which are hereto 
annexed, and they respectfully report and suggest to the Hall the follow- 
ing as suitable names for the Streets hereafter mentioned. 

That thr Street leading from the end of Mayo's Bridge by the Old 
Capitol, crossing the Main Street and running East of Byrd's Ware-house 
to the termination of the said Street, and which the said directors appear 
to have omitted to name, be called and known by the name of 14th 
street That the street as laid off* by the said directors thro* lots 438, 
419, 406, 393, 381, and 369, and which is also omitted to be named by 
them, be called Capitol Street. That the Street as laid off by the said 
Directors thro' lots No. 430, 416, 403, 390, 378, 366, and 356, and not 
named by them be called Bank Street. That the Street extending from 
E street toward the River, between lots 163 and 172 on the one side, and 
164 and 173 on the other be called Oak street. That the street extend- 
ing between lots 162, 163, 164, 165 and 166 on the one side, and 171, 
172, 173, 174 and 175 on the other, be called Pine Street. That the street 
extending from E street by Rocket's ware-house to Rocket's landing, and 
the bridge over Gilly's Creek commencing at the corner of lot 161, and 
bounded on the side furthest from the river by lots 161, 187, part of 188, 
196, 203, 211, 212, 213, 214 and 215 be called Rocket's Street. That the 
Street extending between lots 166 and 175 on the one side, and 167 and 
176 on the other be called Pear Street. That the Street running thro' 
lot 161 be called Cherry Street. That the street extending towards the 
river between lots 168 and 177 on the one side, and 169 and 178 on the 
other, be called Peach street. That the street extending between lots 
188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194 and 195 on the one side, and 196, 197, 
198, 199, 200, 201, and 202 on the other, be called Bloody Run Street. 
That the street extending from E street towards the River between lots 
181 and 189 on the one side, and 182 and 190 on the other, be called 
Hill street That the street between lots 183 and 191 on the one side, 
and 184 and 192 on the other side be called Ware-house Street. That 
the street between lots 185, 193, 199, 206 and 212 on the one side, and 
186, 194, 200, 207, and 213 on the other side be called Elm street. That 
the street extending between lots 197 and 204 on the one side, and 198, 
205, 210, and 211, and running towards Brown and Craddock's wharf be 
called Ash Street That the street extending between lots 201, 208, and 
214 on the one side, and 202, 209, and 215 on the other, be called Maple 
Street And that the Street bounded by the River on the one side, and 
lots No. 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 170, and 179 on the other 


18(18. Hide, be called Water Street. That the street extending towards the 
RilhSwid Blood y run between lots 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, and 209 on the one 
side, 211, 212, 213, 214, and 215 on the other side be called Poplar street 
That the Street leading from the bridge over Gilly's Creek thro' the lots 
laid off by Nicholson, Simpson, Hauge, and Lester, to a street extending 
out from Nicholson's lower wharf, be called lister street That the 
street leading from towards Lester's lower wharf and extending North 85° 
E. to the l>oundary of the city, be called Hague Street That the street lead- 
ing from towards Nicholson's lower wharf and extending N. 85° East to the 
boundary of the City, be called Nicholson Street That the street ex- 
tending from the last mentioned street, south, 3° E., shall be called Front 
Street, and that a twelve feet Alley adjoining the slip of ground, the 
property of Richard Adams, the Rope walk and the lower boundary of 
the City, shall be called Denny's Alley, and that the street beginning at 
the Brook Road and running parallel with K street and terminating 
opposite the house of Mrs. Hayes, be called and known by the name of 
L street. 

Your committee think that at this time it is inexpedient to name the 
streets in the additions which have been made to the city of certain lands 
formerly belonging to Patrick and William Coutts, and which were laid 
off into lots and Streets by the purchasers thereof, because the streets 
therein are not laid off so as to correspond with those in the adjoining 
part of the town, and cannot now he altered according to law so at» to 
correspond with such streets without great injury to persons who have 
bought and sold lots in that part of the Town according to the plans 
drawn by former proprietors thereof, and because we think that appli- 
cation will be made to the legislature of the State, and probably witH 
success for a repeal of so much of their act as requires the aforesaid 
alteration to be made. 

A copy. N. Sheppard, C. C. Council, 

City of Richmond. 

Richard Mason (Captain) to the Governor. 

Dec. 10 Tenders the services of the Surry Volunteer Troop of Cavalry, c*> n ' 

Surry sisting of 36 members, including officers, conformable to the act of Co* 1 ' 
gress passed March 30th, 1808. 

John Chowitng (Captain) to the Governor. 

Dec 10 Tendering (agreeably to the wish of his company) the services of the 

Lancaster Light Infantry Company attached to the 92nd Regiment of the Virginia 
un y Militia for the defence of the Country. 



Henrico County, &c. : 

I do hereby certify that I have administered the oaths prescribed 
by law to be taken by the Governor or chief magistrate of the Common- j^'J^J'e 

IV<\ 10, 


wealth unto John Tyler, Esq'r, who hath been duly elected to that office. County 
Given under my hand this 12th day of December, 1808. 

Dan'l L. Hylton. 

Wm. R. Smith (Captain) to the Governor. 


Tenders services of his Troop of Cavalry under the act of Congress 
passed 30th of March, 1808, for six months. 

Dec. 12, 



David S. Garland to the Governor. 

Resigning the office of Register, to which he had been appointed by Dec. 13, 
the Council, not yet having been confirmed by the Legislature. M: nion< 

Bond of Edward C. Davis, " appointed by the Legislature Register of 
the Land Office in the room of David S. Garland, removed," is on file, 
dated — Day of December, 1808. 

Henry St. John (Captain V. R., 105th Regiment) to the Governor. 

Enclosing patriotic Resolutions of his volunteer Riflemen, tendering Dec. 15, 
their services to the President of the United States for one year. Abingdon 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Permit me to solicit your aid as Chief Magistrate, to procure the Dec. 26, 
section of such fortifications for the defence of Norfolk and Portsmouth Washington 
88 will give them some security against the annoyance of an enemy. 
Norfolk is a point of great importance. It is the Key of the Chesapeake 
%> a middle station between the Northern and Southern States. 

This must be self-evident, and requires no argument to prove the 
n ecessity of defending completely that place. It is sufficient to invite 
your attention to this subject. The Citizens of Norfolk and Portsmouth 
tt* desirous of having the narrows at Craney Island defended. If forti- 
fications were to be erected on the Shoals of that Island at low water 



1806. mark, the distance from the fortification to the channel would 
HBhln^tan m ore, if I am not much mistaken, than Musket Shot. The nav 
of the narrows is more difficult than any other part of the Riv< 
should a ship of war, in attempting to pass through, be dismay 
lose any of her spars, she must inevitably go ashore. I am si 
that a strong fortification there with the Gun-boats will give us by 
an effectual defence. As the Fort would be no great distance fro 
Mouth of James River, it would enable the Gun-boats to maintaii 
position at that point better, and also more effectually to keep op 
navigation of that River and of Hampton Roads, as a view of th 
will clearly show. I am persuaded that a representation on this ir 
ing subject by you to the Executive of the U. S., will have a good 
It must be admitted to be a mode of representation more respect 
the General Government than any other, and as it regards the ; 
plishment of the object it certainly has the advantage over any 
that can be possibly devised. The State of New York last year 
representation of the defenceless situation of New York, the conse 
of which must be evident on recurrence to the sums expended tr 
fortifications. I am also pursuaded that the subject deserves at 1 
as it is uncertain how long we shall remain in a state of peace, i 
a state of things as the present can be called peace. 

If you think proper to take a step in this business I will with p 
communicate as your organ any statement you may deem it ne< 
to make. I hope you will pardon me for the liberty I take in so 
your attention to this important subject, particularly when you ta 
consideration the situation of the citizens on the Seaboard, 
revolutionary war they suffered much, and must in every war fi 
first shock. I submit this subject to your judgment, and to i 
course as that shall direct. 

I am, etc. 

Henrico County, <fec. : 

1809. I do certify that Peyton Randolph, Esq., this day took th< 

Jan. 5, f a privy Chancellor before me, a justice of the peace for tl 
County County, agreeable to law. 

Given under my hand this 5th day of January, 1809. 

Daniel Z. Hyi 

January 7th, 1 

Richard Brent, Esq., was elected a Senator of the United States 
General Assembly of Virginia. 


J. Saunders to the Governor. 

Asking under orders of Col. Parker for the loan by the Governor, for 1809. 
the use of the United States, of two hundred Cartouch Boxes and the F i a jJ , e ?i>n 
like number of Bayonet belts and scabbards, to be returned or paid for 
as preferred. 

Tuos. Mathews to the Governor. 

I do myself the honor to enclose to your Excellency a summary of Jan. ii, 
the Troops required from the 9th Brigade in pursuance of the General No » oIk 
Orders under the late requisition of the President of the United States, 
as also a return of such volunteers as have offered their services to the 

To the Adjutant-General's office the necessary return has been trans- 
mitted, and the Inspection of the Corps for service will be immediately 

I have to solicit the opinion of your Excellency on a question that 
has originated with us, and which does not seem to be provided for by 
the law. Where drafts have taken place, substitutes have been offered 
in many instances. Not feeling myself warranted to adopt such a 
measure, I have declined giving any answer until I could obtain the 
opinion of your Excellency as commander-in-chief. In many instances 
I am persuaded the establishment of this principle would be beneficial 
to the service under proper restrictions, but the right of receiving substi- 
tutes should be limited to such officers as are acquainted with and feel 
an interest in the service. Again, sir, the situation of many of our Mili- 
tia demands the aid of Government for their complete equipment. Many 
have entered and others drafted whose pecuniary abilities will not per- 
mit them to furnish knapsacks, canteens, &c. 

The strong desire I feel to complete ready for service the Quota re- 
quired from my Brigade, induces me to solicit an early attention to those 

I am, &c. 

Agreeable to the order of Council of the 27th of December, requiring January 12 
a report of all the repairs necessary to be done on the public Square by 
order of Governor Cabell. 

It runs thus : First, a stone wall in the gully below the Temple, and 

to be levelled with the top of the wall in the inside and outside of the 

house. Secondly, that the old reservour be filled up and all the Gullys 

to be sloped off to prevent them washing. Third, the circular stone 



1809. wall to be raised three feet and to be filled up to the top of the wall. A 
January 12 new pj an k f ence to go around the whole. Fourth, the carriage-way on 
the southwest side of the Capitol to be stopped by a ditch and bank to 
turn the water another way. Fifthly, a way for the water that falls on 
that part of the public square in front of the Capitol. Sixthly, the 
reservour on the southwest side of the Capitol to be filled up and the 
Gully on that side to be sloped off as on the other side of the Capitol. 
Seventhly, a gravel walk from the extremity of the Square down to the 
Temple. Eighthly and lastly, a stone wall built across the Gully on the 
half-acre lot opposite the east end of the Capitol, and a ditch and bank 
the passage of carriages. 

I am, &c. 

J. Preston to the Governor. 

January 17 Having been called during the recess of the Legislature bj' the Execu- 
tive of this Commonwealth to the discharge of the duties of the Treas- 
ury department, and that appointment being confirmed by the Geuer»l 
Assembly and accepted by me, I am obliged to reside in or near thecito? 
of Richmond, and of course out of that division of the militia of this 
commonwealth which I have now the honor to command. -I am conse- 
quently by the Law, which requires each officer to reside within their 
respective commands, compelled to resign my Commission as Major- 
General of the 3rd Division of the militia, and request you would accept 
this my resignation. 

I would do injustice to my feelings were I not to embrace this occasion 
to thank my Country with unfeigned gratitude for the high and honor- 
able offices which they have frequently conferred on me, and I trust in 
the execution of the Duties of the one I now fill I shall give satisfaction ? 
because they will be discharged with fidelity and integrity. 

I am, &c. 

Secretary of War to the Governor. 

January 18, War Department, January 18th> 1809. 

Department Sir, — The pressure of the embargo, although sensibly felt by every 

description of our Fellow- Citizens, has yet been cheerfully borne by most 
of them under a conviction that it was a temporary evil, and a necessary 
one to save us from greater and more permanent evils — the loss of pro- 
perty and surrender of rights. But it would have been more cheerfully 
borne but for the knowledge that while honest men were religiously ob- 


serving it, the unprincipled along our sea coast and frontiers were frau- 1809. 
dulently evading it, and that in some parts they had even dared to break war^^rt- 
through it openly by an armed force too powerful to be opposed by the ment 
Collector and his assistants. To put an end to this scandalous insubor- 
dination to the laws, the legislature has authorized the President of the 
United States to empower proper persons to employ militia for prevent- 
ing or suppressing armed or riotous assemblages of persons resisting the 
custom-house officers in the exercise of their duties, or opposing or vio- 
lating the embargo laws. He sincerely hopes that during the short time 
these restrictions are expected to continue, no other instances will take 
place of a crime of so deep a die. But it is made his duty to take the 
measures necessary to meet it. He has directed me, therefore, to request 
you, as commanding officer of the militia of your state, to appoint some 
officer of the militia of known respect for the laws, in or near to each 
port of entry within your state, with orders, when applied to by the col- 
lector of the district, to assemble immediately a sufficient force of his 
militia, and to employ them effectually to maintain the authority of the 
laws respecting the embargo, and that you notify to each collector the 
officer to whom, by your appointment, he is to apply for aid when neces- 
sary. The President has referred this appointment to your excellency, 
because your knowledge of characters, or means of obtaining it, will 
enable you to select one who can be most confided in to exercise so 
serious a power, with all the discretion, the forbearance, the kindness 
even, which the enforcement of the law will possibly admit, ever bear- 
ing in mind that the life of a citizen is never to be endangered, but as the 

last melancholy effort for the maintenance of order and obedience to the 


Your excellency will please to instruct the officers so appointed, to 
have correct muster and pay rolls made out and transmitted to this de- 
partment of such militia as they may find it necessary, in the execution 
of their duties, to call into actual service. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

Your excellency's obedient servant. 

January 19th, 1809. 

Joel Leftwich, Esqr M was elected by the General Assembly as Brigadier 
General of the 12th Brigade of Virginia Militia, to supply the vacancy 
occasioned by the death of Brigadier General Joseph Martin. 

January 21st, 1809. 

Andrew Moone, Esqr., was elected by the General Assembly as a Major 
General of the third division of Virginia Militia, to supply the vacancy 
OCCa sioned by the resignation of Major General John Preston, 


John Clarke to tub Governor. 

1809. Stating that the demand made by the artificers at the Manufactory of 

Ridunond' arms f° r re P a i" n g the old arms from the Capitol, which work they were 

not compelled to do under the terms of their employment, made the 

repaired guns nearly as costly as new ones, hence the small number 


Francis Preston to the Governor. 

January 20 Informing him that the whole of his company of Cavalry attached to 
the 70th Regiment, consisting of between forty and fifty privates (although 
only twenty-six privates and four officers constituted the quota demanded) 
tender their services to the President of the United States and ask the 
Executive for arms. 

Ch. SrMMs, Jacob Hoffman, and Puineas Janney to the 


January 27, We have the honor to transmit to you the enclosed report of the Cora- 
Alexamlna missioncrs appointed by your Excellency to view and examine ten miles 
of the Little River Turnpike Road recently completed by the Company, 
and respectfully request you to grant the President and Directors of the 
Little River Turnpike Company permission to erect such and so many 
gates or Turnpikes upon the said road as will be necessary, and also to 
appoint Toll gatherers for the purpose of collecting Tolls granted by act 
for incorporating said Company. 

We are, &c. 
[Report filed.— Ed.] 

Return of all the Arms in Arsenal in the Capitol. New Arms in 
c;ood order, 2,222. New Arms out of repair, 217. Old arms that may 
be repaired, 4,904. Bayonets, 4,104. Swords with brass hilts, 114. 
Musket Barrels, 57. Old Locks, 12. Swords with Iron hilts, 250. 
Muskets without Locks, 20. 

John Shore to Alex. Stuart, Esq. 

January 30, I have received your letter of the 26th Inst., enclosing a copy of one 

n urg from the Secretary of War addressed to Governor T} f ler, requesting him 

to designate at or near each Port of Entry within this State, an officer of 

the Militia to aid the Collector with a sufficient force to compel a due 


observance of the Embargo laws. At the same time notifying me that 1809. 
Major James Byrne has been appointed by the Executive to discharge p™"^™' 
that duty within this District. 

In the maintenance of order and a due obedience to the laws within 
this District, I feel a perfect confidence that no occasion will occur for 
the exercise of so serious a power. 

I am, <fec. 

Wm. Ykrby, Lieutenant Colonel Commandent 92d Regiment, 

to the Governor. 

Believing his ability to serve his country greater in another station, February 4, 
offers his resignation as an officer of the 92d Regiment of Militia. ^Oo 111 !? 1 " 1 

Richmond, February 8, 1809. 

We whose names are hereunto subscribed beg leave to state to his 
Excellency the Governor, and Council of this State, That we have been 
acquainted with Major Samuel McGuire of Hampshire county for a 
number of years, that he is a gentleman of untarnished honor, a sound 
mind improved by a liberal education, and a good tactition, having been 
some time in the United States army. 

It is therefore with pleasure we recommend him as a fit person to serve 
as a Major in the Rifle Corps of the quota of Militia, to be furnished by 
the State of Virginia under the late requisition of the General Govern- 

James Allen, 
Lewis Wolfe, 
Daniel Smith, 
William Donaldson, 
John Cunningham, 
John Higgins, 
Christian Simon. 

Feb. 10th, 1809. 

Thomas Evans, Esq., was elected by the General Assembly as a Judge 
in the General Court agreeably to the act entitled " an act to organize 
and establish superior courts of law in the Counties of Accomack and 
Northampton, and for other purposes." 


Henry Blow, Wm. Blow, Sam'l Blunt, Trustees N. Indians, 

the Governor. 

1809. We read your letter of the 14th of December last about the first 

^ u 7Kunp-' January. We should have immediately acknowledged the receipt of 
tun but were anxious first to collect the sentiments of the Nottoway India 
in respect to leasing out their land. This we have now done, and hi 
to inform you that all the Indians of lawful age (except one) are unw 
ing to have any part of their lands leased out. Their objections i 
that the white people are already as near them as they wish them to 
and that if they are to have nearer neighbors they desire to have 1 
choosing them. We have therefore declined leasing any of their la 
until we are further instructed. 

In November last we had all the land belonging to the Nottou 
Indians surveyed. There were three thousand one hundred and eigh 
three acres of high land, and seven hundred and twenty-nine acres 
low grounds. Part of the latter is arable ; the balance not We hi 
had the land occupied by each Indian surveyed conformably to an on 
of the Council of State of the 4th of June last. The quantity in 1 
occupancy of each is as follows, viz.: Edy Turner, 22 1-5; Nancy T 
ner 16 ; Tom Turner, ISh ; Anny, Winny, Billy and Jenny Woodson, i 
Littleton Scholar, 9 ; Jenny Wincoak, 45 ; John and Polly Woodson, 1 
Betsy Step, 5, and one other small piece in the occupancy of Nancy T 
ner, containing 4^ acres. You observe that the rules established by 
previous to the 18th of July last are incomplete, as there is no provisi 
made for the protection of the persons and property of the Indians fn 
trespass committed by them on each other, or by other persons resid; 
among them. Nor for the education of the Indian children. 

In answer to which we say that if there was the smallest hope 
drawing these unfortunate people from the miserable state in which tr 
are. we would most willingly attempt the making such other rules a 
regulations as we should deem necessary for their welfare. 

We have already used every argument in our power to induce th 
to use the habits of sobriety, industry, frugality, &c, but without efTi 
If your Excellency will have the goodness to direct us how we are 
manage, or what kind of rules will be proper for a people destitute 
those habits, we shall acknowledge it as a particular favour, and pun 
the direction willingly. Schooling the children belonging to the Tr 
has been mentioned to the grown Indians, and the propriety of it mi 
as plain to them as we could make it. They sometimes seem willing 
send them to school, but that is as far as they have progressed, and 
fear as they ever will without compulsion, which we have no author 
to use. We have always endeavored to protect the Tribe from inju 
as well of their persons as of their property. Respecting their dealii 


with people who reside among them, they always have our assistance 1809. 
when it is asked, and if bargains are made between them and others i^Th^mo^' 
without our consent, we do not consider them of force until we approve ton 
them. This has been a rule from the time we became Trustees. Since 
the receipt of your letter the subject of binding the children apprentices 
has been mentioned to the Tribe, to which they answered that an Indian 
was never known as apprentice. There is, therefore, no prospect of an 
artisan from among them. On th 28th of December, 1803, there was an 
actpassed by the General Assembly of Virginia, authorizing the Trus- 
tees of the Nottoway Tribe of Indians to sell all the land belonging to 
them on the north side of Nottoway River, &c. 

The sale was made on the 10th of August, in the year 1805, but before 
the sale, a person entered for the said land (called the Indian Land,) and 
had it surveyed under a belief that it was vacant land. We have em- 
ployed an attorney in the business, who had it put off at our last 
Quarterly Court until March, with a view of getting some information 
from Richmond respecting the time or times that lands belonging for- 
merly to the Indians on the North side of Nottoway were sold. We can 
get no information from any laws we have in this place. The land in 
dispute lies near Gary's Bridge and joins the place we call Simmons 
Town. If you will collect the information necessary, it may probably 
assist in saving for the Indians what we believe they ought to have. If 
we could ascertain that the two small tracts now in dispute were a part 
of any ancient grant, we should, we think, succeed. If we cannot, we 
must depend on the testimony we can get. We would be very thankful 
for such information on this subject as you can furnish us with before 
the 20th of March, which will be the Southampton Court day. 

We are, <fcc. 

D. Shbffy to the Governor. 

By the act passed during the present session the Executive are February 18, 
authorized to purchase four Tons of lead, and a Ton of Powder; being Richmond 
proprietor of the Lead mines in Wythe County I am desirous of furnish- 
ing the Lead. The terms at two hundred Dollars per Ton of 2,240 lbs.; 
the Lead is equal to any in the world and will be delivered in the City 
of Richmond. 

I am going out of Town to-day and wish an answer, the Lead can be 
delivered by the 15th of April next. 

I am, &c. 



Jambs Poindextbr, Lieutenant Colonel Commanding 40th Regi- 
ment, Virginia Militia to the Governor. 

1800. Transmitting return of the Company of Light Infantry, commanded 

LouteaCo kv C*»pt. Charles Smith, who tender their services as a part of the Quota 
required of the 40th Regiment. 

Abm. Douglass to the Governor. 

March 8, In compliance with the advice of the Council of State of the 7th inst. 

Richmond j inform vou that there is on hand at the Penitentiary 2,540 pair oF 
Holsters complete, and 10 pair incomplete; that part of the advice 
directing that no more shall be made until further instructions shall be 
particularly attended to. 

I am, &c. 

Alexander Stuart to the Governor. 

Mun-h 18 Resigning his position as a Member of the Privy Council of Virginia! 
Richmond m consequence of accepting an office under the General Government 

David Holmes to the Governor. 

March 21, During the last session of Congress I wrote to Gov. Cabell, requesting 
Winchester n i m to forward a certificate of Col. William McGuire's being on thee 
pension list of the State of Virginia in order that he might also be placed! 
(conformable to the Act of Congress), on the pension list of the UnitedJ 
States. I suppose owing to a press of business of a public concern an* 
answer to my letter was omitted. 

Col. McGuire's papers are all complete, this certificate excepted, which* 
I will thank you to forward to the Secretary at war. He was a braves 
and honorable soldier of the revolutionary army, and received a severe* 
wound at the Eutaw Springs in defence of those rights which no man* 
holds in higher estimation than yourself. 

I am convinced you will take pleasure in aiding the adjustment of «e 
claim grounded on such principles. 

I am, <fec. 


John Tyler, Governor, to Joiin Staples. 

I have laid your letter before the Board on the subject of the appoint- 1809. 
ment of a keeper of the Arsenal, on which subject the advice is enclosed; ^clnncwui 
but as to the other subjects on which you have turned your attention, 
they think fit to postpone them to a further day. It will be expected 
that whenever it shall be necessary you should appoint persons to clean 
the arms and also to pack them up for distribution when directed. 

I am, <&c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I this moment received your letter of this date, stating that you had March 28 
enclosed an advice of Council, which you wished me " to examine and 
see if any thing remains in my power to throw light upon the subject so 
that the laborers may have justice done their., which they complain has 
been too long delayed." 

Such complaint as it relates to me, is without foundation ; neither of 
the persons named in the advice of Council ever made application to 
me for a settlement for that work, nor indeed is the Carpenter's work for 
the Foundery and Boring Mills entirely finished at this time. 

The advice of Council, which is dated March 28, 1808, (probably 1809 
was meant,) states that " it is advised that the Governor address a letter 
to John Clarke, late Superintendent of the Manufactory of Arms, re- 
questing him to State whether any and what contract was made with 
Messrs. Hyde and Holloway or either of them relative to the Foundery 
a nd Boring Mill, and if by any written contract that such contract be 
transmitted for the inspection of the Board." 

By resorting to the contracts in the council chamber it will be found 
that Messrs. Wm. and Alex'r McKim, and Messrs. Hyde & Holloway 
Undertook the execution of all the Carpenter's work for the Manufactory 
°f Anns, including the foundery and Boring mill. Those carpenters had 
progressed with the work of all the buildings nearly to their completion 
e *cepting the foundery and Boring mill, when the Legislature passed an 
*ct forbidding the canning on of the two last mentioned buildings. The 
contractors therefore conceived that the contract having been broken by 
^d act was consequently void. During the suspension of those works 
great improvements in the manufacture of cannon had been made in 
Europe, and were introduced in this country at the Foundery of Mr. 
Foxall of George Town. After two or three years suspension, the Legis- 
lature determined to erect the works for ordnance, and the Executive, 
desirous of having those works as complete as possible, concluded to 



March 28 


adopt the improvements above alluded to, (which may be seen by a 
reference to the minutes of the Council,) this caused a considerable 
deviation from the original plan. 

The improvements required that the Buildings should be larger than 
the}' were first intended, and consequently the timbers, &c, were larger 
and the carpenter's work more laborious and diflicult in its execution. 
When those buildings were about to be commenced, Messrs. Wm. & 
Alex'r McKim did not think proper to engage in that work ; but Messrs. 
Hyde & Holloway were willing to execute it, though not at the prices 
stated in the contract, because the work, as I have before observed, was 
more laborious and diflicult, but agreed to perform it and have it valued 
by disinterested Judges. This was a verbal agreement, and they have 
progressed with the work to its present stage. 

I have no written contract now in my possession relative to the pub- 
lic buildings; all that I had were sent a few months ago to the Executive. 
This is all the light I can throw upon this subject, and permit me to 
assure you that any information in my power which the Executive may 
require shall be given with pleasure. 

I am, &c. 

James Weaver (Captain) to the Governor. 

March 29, Soliciting the return of a field-piece of artillery sent to Richmond for 
nvannn re p a j r f or jj ie llge f the Company commanded by him, raised in Flu- 

Edmund Christian to the Governor. 

March 31, Soliciting arms for his company, of which he sends a return, the same 
Comity** navm 8 tendered their services for twelve months after arriving at the 
place of rendezvous. 

R. Corbin to the Governor. 

A pril 2, 

King & 

Q iecn Co. 

In the month of' December last the company of Artillery which I 
have the honor to command, made a tender of their services to his Excel- 
lency, Gov'r Cabell, for six months, to form a part of the first quota 
required from Virginia. Having in 1807 made a similar offer, which was 
then accepted, they considered themselves entitled to some preference on 
the present occasion. r 

Having received no notice of their being either accepted or rejected, 
nor any reply to their letter of tender, they now pray ydu, Sir, to deter- 


The bond of J. Bootwright and O. G. Gathright for furnishing 
Rations for the convicts at the Penitentiary for one year from the seven- 
teenth day of April, 1809, at six and a quarter cents per ration, to con- 
sist of one and a quarter pounds of meals, half a gill of molasses, one 
pint of Irish potatoes, and half a pound of coarse meat, and to every 
hundred rations two quarts of salt and one pound of soap, is filed. 

mine them, and at the same time earnestly solicit that their side arms, 180!). 

which have been so long promised, may be furnished them as soon as g?"* J 

may be. A wagon will attend to receive them (free of any expense to Queen 

the Commonwealth) whenever they may be ready. To corroborate the un y 
above, permit me to refer you to the copies of letters enclosed, and be- 
lieve me, 

Y're, <fec. 

George Charter, Rob't Stuart, Nkvin Karins to tub Governor. 

We take the liberty to send you the Report of all the arms that we April 5, 
have proved and examined. Armory 

You will see by the report the great loss to the State, but we hope that 
it will give confidence to the Soldier in his arms, and will in the end be 
of great service to the Armory. 

We are, &c. 
[Note.— Report of muskete classified is filed. — Ed.] 

John Staples to the Governor. 

Desiring to be instructed as to the proper length of Bayonets, and April 24, 

whether the swords made for Captain Corhin's Artillery Company shall Manufactur- 
k r . In ? arms 

be stamped with the number of the Regiment to which it is attached. 

John M. Carter to the Governor. 

Enclosing account for executing the lesser Seal of the Commonwealth May 4, 
amounting to $40. Also soliciting the work of engraving the greater Klcnmona 
fell of ttme with an estimate of the cost on steel at $240. 


Geo. Charter, Rob't Stewart, Nevin Karins, to the Governor. 

1800. Enclosing second report of their examination and proof of Arms made 

May 5, from 1802 to 1808 inclusive. 

[Report of arms classified on file. — Ed.] 

John Staples to the Governor. 

May 1). Forwarding report of arms manufactured at the Armory during 

Mandkctory March and Aprilj 18 o 9) a8 follows : 525 muskets, 100 pistols, 175 cavalry 

swords, 75 Artillery Swords. 

Abraham Douglass to the Governor. 

May 11, Informing him that the Cotton Spinning Machine obtained in Rhode 
Richmond Xslancl was deficient in several essential parts for being put in working 

' The maker, a Mr. Ogden, requiring extra pay for these missing parts 
of the machine. 

John Staples to the Governor. 

May 16, Making return of all the arms fit for distribution including all that are 

Manufactory Good at the Capitol, as follows: good muskets of every description 4731, 

Long curved Cavalry Swords 787, Short Cavalry Swords 380, Pistols 253. 

Henry Blow, Wm. Blow, Samuel Blunt, (Trustees N. Indians) 

to the Governor. 

May 11, Having received no answer to our last in which we requested some 
Southamp- information respecting a small tract of land on the north side of Notto- 
way River which we claim in behalf of the Indians, concerning which 
there is a suit in the Southampton Court which will end in June. We 
again beg your attention to the subject, as we think the land will be lost 
unless we can prove it to be part of a Grant formerly made to the Tribe 
of Nottoway. We are induced from circumstances to believe that the 
land now in dispute is part of a circular Tract of six miles diameter on 
the North side of Nottoway river, which was granted by an Act of 
Assembly made in the fourth year of the reign of Queen Anne, entitled 
an act for preventing misunderstandings between the Tributary Indians 



and other liege subjects of .her Majesty of this Colony and dominion, 1809. 
and for a free and open trade with all Indians whatsoever. There was g?*S y U ' 
also an Act passed in Williamsburg in the eighth year of the reign of ton County 
George the Second, entitled an Act to enable the Nottoway Indians to 
sell certain lands therein mentioned. We suppose that both of these 
Acts would give us the boundary of the Circular Tract above mentioned, 
and enable us to ascertain whether the piece in dispute is a part of it. 
We do not know where to find the said Acts and have only obtained the 
Information of their having once existed by the examination of some 
old Indian Deeds which refer to them. 

We acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 23rd of March last, 

with the advice of council therein enclosed. We will, as soon as we can, 

lay before the board a detailed account of the Indian business, or the 

Lxx>k containing the whole accounts relative to their affairs. We are 

r*equested, in the advice of council, to render a detailed account, together 

with vouchers in support thereof. To produce a voucher for every article 

in our accounts would be almost impossible. Instance the following 

cases : An Indian applies to one of the Trustees for a barrel of corn ; 

the Trustee furnishes him or her with it from his own crib. 

Application may be made for a little money; it is furnished; the 

articles are charged, but where are the vouchers in support of such 

charges to be obtained from? The Indians don't write, and if the}' did 

their receipts in such cases would avail but little without a witness. In 

the management of the business of the Tribe we have always used all 

the particularity we thought necessary, and shall continue to do it 

during the time we may act for them. We sincerely wish that your 

Excellency may have it in your power to transmit to us the necessary 

information respecting the land we arc contending for at or before June 

Southampton court, as without it we believe those unfortunate people 

will be deprived of that which we think they have a right to. 

We are. ore. 

Thomas C. Howard to the Governor. 

Enclosing and resigning his Commission as Captain in the Nineteenth May 24, 
Anient, Second Brigade (Va.) Militia, the immediate prospect for war H Qm? g8 
" av ing passed, and being appointed clerk of the Hustings Court of the 
cit .v of Richmond. 




Philip Norbornb Nicholas (Attorney-General) to the Govern 

lana. I duly received your favor of yesterday enclosing a letter from 

I^ifmond American Consul at the Island of Cuba, relative to certain French si 
jects who have been compelled to leave that Island, and who wish to 
admitted with their property into this Commonwealth. The advice 
Council requests my opinion how far the persons alluded to can be pi 
tected by the Executive in the enjoyment of their property, particular 
of their slaves, untill the next meeting of the General Assembly. 

How far these emigrants can be effected by the laws of the Unit 
States, either that respecting non-intercourse with France and her si 
jects, or the law inhibiting the introduction of slaves, it is perhaps r 
my province to decide. 

If they land with their property, except their slaves, most probal 
they would violate neither of those laws under the peculiar circu 
stances under which they have come among us. 

With the same exception, there is no State law or regulation th 
would infringe. In relation to the slaves brought by them, I have t 
amined all our Acts of Assembly interdicting the introduction of sla^ 
into this State, particularly the laws referred to in your Excellency's 1 
ter. By those laws the introduction of slaves is prohibited, penalties 
dieted on persons introducing them, and they are liable eventually to 
sold. It is also made the duty of the Executive to provide for their 
moval from the State. I can find no provision given to the Executive 
any case to suspend or limit the operation of these legislative provisio 
and the 4th Section of the Act to be found in the 413th page of Pie 
ant's edition of the laws, Vol. I, gives the Executive a discretion as 
the mode of removal, not a i>ower to admit Slaves under particular ( 
cumstances. As nothing in our Statutes invests the Executive witli 
power to obviate the effect of these legislative provisions, it appears 
me clear that they cannot take any measure which will prevent t 
effect of these laws on the persons in question if they should introdi 
the negroes into the Commonwealth. 

They would be subjected to the penalties of the Acts, and the negr< 
themselves would be liable to be removed, or be subjected to be sold 
the overseers of the poor, according to the provisions of the Act of t 
25th of January, 1806. The situation of these unhappy emigrants 
certainly calculated very justly to excite the public sympathy. Tli 
are entitled to those hospitalities which can be extended to them consi 
ently with the observance of a policy which has been deemed essent 
not only to the prosperity but safety of the State. 

The Legislature seem to have been extremely anxious to guard agai 
the introduction of this kind of population, as is apparent through 
the laws upon this subject, and it may be remarked that from no port: 


of that population is greater danger to be apprehended than from those 1800. 
which are introduced from the Islands. In every aspect in which I can j^jimonV 
consider this question, whether with reference to the letter of the law or 
t lie policy on which it was founded, it would seein to me that the Slaves 
in question cannot legally be brought into this Commonwealth. 

I am, &c. 

His Excellency Governor of State of Virginia : 

Sir, — I have the honor to enclose to your Ex. herewith a printed copy 
of the Proclamation issued on the 11th Inst, by the Governor of this 
place in pursuance of an order from the Capt'n General of this Colony 
ordering the French to quit the Island within the term specified. As a 
number of them are about to seek refuge in Virginia, I have thought it 
my duty as the representative of the American Government to apprize 
your Ex. of their intentions and to put you in possession of the authen- 
tic act which compels them to seek an assylum in another country. 

The principle, and, indeed, in many instances the sole property, of 
these unfortunate exiles consists in their negroes, whom as well from 
feelings of attachment and habit, as considerations of interest, they are 
reluctant to abandon among a people strangers to their language and 
manners and indifferent to their fate. 

I have not failed to apprize the French inhabitants who held Slaves, of 
the law which prohibits their introduction into the Territories of the U. 
S., but they flatter themselves; nor should I have thought myself wholly 
acquitted on the score of humanity had I utterly extinguished their 
hopes that in this peculiar situation the Government may have the 
lower and the inclination to grant them some relief from the rigor of 
stablished Statutes. In any event, they leave this country to seek 
ftfoge in the continent with a firm assurance that in circumstances so 
distressing, and where the claims of humanity are so evident and so 
urgent, they will be received with all the hospitality and indulgence con- 


distent with the usages of friendly Nations and a due regard to the laws 
and welfare of the United States. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most humble and obed't Servant, 

Maumes Rogkks, 

Conml U. S. 
St Yargo de Cuba, 28th April, 1809. 




May 29. 


Wm. Wirt to the Governor. 

I received the enclosed commission under the hope that my profes- 
sional business would not so entirely engross my time as to disable me 
from discharging my duties to the Regiment. My constant experience 
from the date of the commission to this day has convinced me of my 
mistake. As I cannot reconcile it to my sense of propriety to hold any 
commission without discharging the duties which belong to it, and as I 
am convinced that the same interference between my professional and 
regimental duties which has hitherto so frequently occurred, must con- 
tinue to take place, I beg leave, sir, through you to tender my resigna- 
tion to the Executive, and to beg their acceptance of it. 

I am, &c. 

Henrico County, &c. : 

I do hereby certify that James Jones, Esqr., this day took the 
oaths of a privy Councellor before me a justice of the peace for the said 
County, agreeable to Law. Given under my hand this 29th day of May, 

Daniel L. Hylton. 

Henrico County, &c. : 

I do hereby certify that William B. Hare, Esqr., this day took the 
oaths of a privy Councellor before me a justice of the peace for the said 
County, agreeable to Iaw. Given under my hand this 29th day of May, 

Daniel L. Hylton. 

June 2, 

Wm. Yatuhax (Magistrate) to the Governor. 

Informing of the arrival of French exiles from Cuba bringing some 
slaves into the port of Norfolk. This being contrary to the laws of the 
United States as also of Virginia, he writes for advice. The law of the 
State requires that slaves imported from foreign countries should be sent 
out of the country by the magistrates, but designates no place to which 
they shall be carried. As all the ports of the world are for one cause or 
another at this time closed against receiving slaves, it is out of the power 
of the magistrates to execute the State law concerning them. 



Edward Carrington to tub Governor. 

I was duly honored by the receipt of j T our letter of the 29th Ulto., 1809. 
enclosing an advice of Council on the subject of the Powder Magazine of Rici"nond 
this City, and have delayed a reply thereto only for the purpose of mak- 
ing one the most satisfactory. 

The Magazine has, ever since I became acquainted with it, been ex- 
clusively committed to the care and management of the clerk of .the 
market for the time being, under no regulations known to me but a 
responaibilit}' to those depositing powder, for the redelivery as called 
for, of which the one now in office as well as his immediate predecessor 
informs rae, regular accounts have been kept; and as no complaint has 
been made, I presume they have been faithful and accurate. A small 
storage is paid by private proprietors as a compensation to the keepers, 
but nothing is paid on public powder, as both the present and late clerk 
inform me. 

From the communication of the late clerk who was in office about 8 
years, it apj>ears that during his term the average deposits were from 
J 1,000 to 2,000 lbs. of powder per annum. 

By that of the present clerk, Mr. Myers, who has been in office but a 
very short time it appears that more than 5.000 lbs. were delivered over 
to his hands on the 20th of April last, and that the quantity has increased 
since. Both inform that much the greatest part of the deposits are of 
public powder. They also unite in the information that the House is in 
a very insecure condition for the purpose, a circumstance well known to 
every one who has seen it. Indeed I am of opinion that its local situa- 
tion has not been well chosen ; it is low and not only near a stream of 
water, but surrounded by flats, which must in wet weather, afford much 
damp air. For the more full information of the Executive I herewith 
enclose the communications of the two persons alluded to as clerks of 
the Market 

On the point of safety I beg leave to add that the city can not afford 
any permanent Guard, or any other security against invasion or injury 
than a lock to the Door, and were the House a proper one in a proper 
place, circumstanced as this country is, large deposits of powder can not 
prudently be placed so remotely from our Free Inhabitants without some 
degree of Guard, at least during the night. As the magazine kept or to 
be kept for the city appears to be mostly used for the public powder, 
would it not be reasonable that a portion of the duty of the public Guard 
be extended to the City Magazine? 

I know not the particular object of the present call for information, 
perhaps it may be with a view to some step towards a public deposit for 
powder. In that case I wish I could with propriety, suggest the ad van- 
tage of its vicinity to the Barracks, in order that it might have the security 



1809. of the whole Guard, instead of depending on a single Centinel ; the 1< 
June .?, situation of the Barracks, however in the midst of the city, forhids f 
an arrangement. Whether to be done by the city or the public I tl 
it necessary that early steps be taken for a deposit on ground more pn 
than the present place, and in a house more fit for preserving the po\* 
Having taken the liberty of offering these suggestions I conclude wit) 
assurance to give at all times any further information that may be dee 

I am, &c. 

P. S. I suppose the Magazine might hold 10 or 12,000 Iks. powder, 

William B. Giles and Richard Brent (Senators) to tii 


Jane 10, The letter which you did us the honor of addressing to us, dated 
Washington 5^ Inst., covering one from Mr. Vaughan respecting certain slaves ii 
duced into Norfolk belonging to the French inhabitants lately cxjm 
from Cuba, together with an order of the Executive Council in rein 
to that subject, has been received, and we have given to it and the ace 
panying papers the most respectful consideration. 

In explaining to you, Sir, our views of this interesting subject, it 1 
not perhaps be improper to call your attention to two clauses of an 
of Congress passed the 2nd day of March, 1807, for prohibiting the 
portation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of 

The object of these clauses was to draw the boundary line betv 
the constitutional jurisdiction of the U. S. and the several States 1 
the subject of the prohibition of the importation of Slaves into the I 
after the beginning of the year 1808. It is believed that the provis 
contained in these clauses are deeply interesting to all the slave-hol< 
States. The first clause alluded to will be found in the 4th sectio 
the aforesaid act in the following words : 

" And neither the importer nor any person or persons claiming froi 
under him shall hold any right or title whatsoever to any Negro, 
latto, or person of color, nor to the service or labor thereof, who ma 
imported or brought within the U. S., or territories thereof, in viola 
of this law, but the same shall remain subject to any ivyvhit'nms not 
travelling the provisions of this Act, which the Legislatures of the se\ 
States or Territories at any time hereafter may make for disposir 
any such Negro, Mulatto, or person of color.'' 

It will be observed that by the foregoing clause, the disposition o 
slaves, &c, &c, introduced into any port or place within the juiisdu 


of the U. S. in violation of the provisions of the aforesaid Act is left ex- 1809. 
clusively to the tribunals of the several States. This was done at the w'agh^iton 
urgent solicitations of the Slave-holding States upon the principle that 
the question of Bond or Free, as applied to persons when brought, as well 
as being within the jurisdiction of particular States, is exclusively re- 
ferred for decision to the State tribunals, and not to those of the U. S., 
and that the constitutional jurisdiction of the U. S. ceases at the point 
where that of the particular States commences. 

You will readily perceive, Sir, the importance of this principle to the 
security of that species of property which exists only in particular 
States, whilst other States have no local interest in its preservation, and 
even entertain strong prejudices against its existence. 

This principle is still further exemplified and more specifically ex- 
pressed iu the following clause of the aforesaid act: Section 6 "Provided 
that the aforesaid forfeiture shall not extend to the seller or purchaser of 
any negro, mulatto or person of color, who may be sold or disposed of in 
virtue of any regulation which may hereafter be made by any of the 
Legislatures of the several States in that respect in pursuance of this Act, 
and the Constitution of the U. S." 

This you will observe, Sir, is an express legislative interpretation of 
the Constitution upon this very delicate point of jurisdiction. The fore- 
going clauses were framed upon great consideration, and applied with 
great caution to the establishment of a principle deemed by us all im- 
portant to the security and influence of the Slave-holding States. 

It necessarily results from this interpretation of the Constitution and 
the Act aforesaid, that the disposition of the slaves in question belongs 
exclusively to the tribunals of Virginia, and that those of the U. S. can 
only extend to the remission of the forfeiture consequent upon the vio- 
lations of the provisions of the Act aforesaid, and to affording temporary 
relief to the unfortunate exiles if it should be deemed necessary. 

It appears to us, Sir, that the course the Executive has taken is the 
iwwt proper that could be adopted till the meeting of the General 
Assembly. If, in the meantime, any arrangement could be devised by 
whii-h the unhappy exiles could have the use of their slaves for their 
maintenance and support, it could not fail in our judgment to be 
acceptable to the legislature, because it would be consonant with those 
sentiments of humanity, hospitality, and generosity, which have at all 
times been amongst the honorable characteristics of the Virginia people 
*nd of their General Assembly. 

Would it not be advisable, Sir. for the General Assembly to adapt the 
laws of the State to the provisions of the aforesaid Act of Congress? 

After proceeding thus far with this communication, we thought proper 
not to close it until the views of the President in relation to the 
co-operation of the Government of the U. S. with that of Virginia in 


1809. affording redress to these unfortunate exiles and all others implicate 
Wrottngton ^ le transaction, could be obtained, and the result of an interview i 
consultation with him has l>een to present the subject to the consideral 
of Congress. This is done this morning by moving the accompan) 
resolutions which passed the Senate unanimously, and will be acted u 
by the committee with all convenient dispatch. 

This proceeding, Sir, will account for the delay in forwarding the f 
going communication. 

Be pleased, Sir, to accept assurances of our high consideration, 
great personal regard, &c. 

We are, «.v/c. 

In Senate of the United States, June 12th, 180! 

lle8olved, That a committee be appointed to enquire whether it 
expedient and proper at this time to make any provision by law 
remitting the penalties and forfeitures incurred by the violations of s< 
of the provisions of the Act entitled "an act to prohibit the importai 
of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the Un: 
States, from and after the first day of January, in the year of our I 
one thousand eight hundred and eight," so far only as relates to 
introduction of slaves into certain port* of the United States, who v 
lately forcibly expelled from the Island of Cuba with the French in! 
itants thereof, and that the committee have leave to report by bil 

Ordered, That Mr. Giles, Mr. Bradley, Mr. Anderson. Mr. Crawf 
and Mr. Franklin be the committee. 

Extract from the minutes of the Senate U. S. 


Sam. A. Otis, Secretary. 

Aim'm DonJhAss (Su»t. Penitentiary) to the Governor. 

Jniu' i:t, Enclosing plans and estimates made by Mr. James Oldham for a p 
Richmond d er Magazine to be erected at the Penitentiary which are on file. 

John E. Holt (Mayor) to the Governor. 

June 17 * n addition to the* Slaves imported in the Mohawk, Win. Cow 

Norfolk Master, from St. Iago de Cuba, of which you have been informed, I h 
now to apprize you of the arrival yesterday of the' Schooner Han 
commanded by John Butler, from the same place, having on board 



hundred and tweuty-nine French persons, Free people of Color and 

To relieve the latter from a situation peculiarly distressing and uncom- 
fortable, they have been permitted to land subject to a warrant which 
has been executed on thirty -nine Blacks, and of which the Persons claim- 
ing them have had notice. They will consequently continue here liable 
to guch disposition as you may think proper to direct 

From the present unsettled state of the Spanish West India Islands, 
ic, great numbers of expelled French families will probably continue to 
seek an Asylum in our Country. It becomes, therefore, a subject of much 
interest, which it is hoped, Congress will legislate on. And if our laws 
prohibiting the importation of Slaves are relaxed as to them, the Magis- 
trates of these places where they arrive, will be released from a duty at 
present of considerable embarrassment. 

I am, &c. 

June 17, 

Thomas II. Joynes to the Governor. 

About the last of April, 1807, 1 went at the request of my brother, 
John G. Joynes, to the house of Col. John Cropper to measure the four- 
pound brass! field piece at his house, for which my brother wished to get 
a carriage, and mount the cannon for the use of the Artillery Company, 
lately raised in this County. Col. Cropper assisted me in measuring it 
and expressed joy that a Company of Artillery had been raised, and that 
the Cannon were to be mounted for the Company's use. 

On the loth Instant I went again to Col. Croppers and requested him 
t«» permit nie to take the brass piece and mount it on the carriage, which 
had been obtained by my brother John from Richmond for that purpose. 
Col. Cropper positively refused to let me have it, and on asking him the 
reason of his refusal he replied that my brother John had sent a cart for 
it a few days preceding, with a letter requesting him to deliver it to the 
l*jart*r, and that k> the letter did not contain that respectful language which 
ou»ht to have been used by an inferior officer when addressing the Com- 
mandant of the Regiment." 

He said that the letter ought to have concluded with u respectfully I 
am Sir your very obedient Servant,'' or "Sir your very humble Servant," 
or some such respectful language. 

He showed ine my brother's letter, and the only part of which ho 
complained was the conclusion, which was in these words: a permit mo 
to sign myself John G. Joynes." That Col. Cropper construed into a 
pointed insult ottered to him as an officer. 

Col. Crop|ier said that however indecorous he considered my brothers 
wtter, yet that we might have two Iron four-pound cannon concernin 

June 17, 






June 17, 

A ceo mac 

O unity 

which he was willing to wave the indecorum, but that we should n< 
have the brass cannon. I told him that my brother had mounted one 
the Iron cannon to which he alluded, and the remaining carriage won 
not answer for the other, but was gotten for the brass piece which wj 
considerably longer than the Iron cannon. He said that as he wj 
offended, he was determined to keep the brass cannon in his possessk 
until there was an order shown to him in writing for its delivery fro 
the Governor, or until it was taken from him bv force. 

Col. Cropper did not claim the brass cannon as private property, 1 
said it belonged to the Commonwealth of Virginia, and was obtain* 
from France at the commencement of the American Revolution. 

Thomas It. Joykks. 

[The above statement sworn to by Tlios. R. Joynes before John Finne 
Justice of the peace for Accomack county, on the 17th clay of Jur 
1809.— Ed.] 

Juno 10, 


to the Governor. 

About the 22 December last, the oflicer commanding the 17th Rujj 
in my absence, received a letter/;// Express from the Honorable Alexand 
McCrae, then LtrGovernor, bearing date the 10th, stating that satisfacto 
evidence, verbal and written, had been received, that a general insurrecti 
of the Blacks was intended about and between that date and the 25t 
whereupon and with the advice of the council of State, the said coi 
manding oflicer was requested, "for the safety and protection oft 
citizens," to direct strong Patrols from the Regiment to be continued 
service from (he receipt of the letter until the first day of January thecenft 
and further to urge the magistrates under the act of the lGth of Januai 
1801, to aid in the public defence as is clearly to be inferred by instit 
ting subordinate Patrols. 

Accordingly, so many men with proper officers as were deemed sui 
cient for the service required, were detailed from the Regiment, and 
separate detachments stationed at various places within the count 
where it was believed the}* could operate most effectually, either in p, 
venting or suppressing the expected insurrection, and were, according 
directions of said letter, continued in actual service until the first dav 
January, and now they demand pay. From the term pat roll used in t 
letter, it became questionable whether the men so ordered into sen- 
were to be paid bv the Countv or bv the Commonwealth. The com: 
considers that the service aforesaid is to be paid for by the Commc 
wealth, and was entered into at the instance of the Executive and bv t 
advice of the Council of State; and that it is not a service for which t 



County Court is authorized to provide, because it is not the case of 1809. 
ordinary Patroll, but a military movement growing out of an occasion RjJIJJ^o'nj 
for which the laws expressly provide, and the expenses of which are to 
be paid by the State. 

The law which passed on this subject the 24th of December, 1795, 
authorizes the Governor, with the advice of Council, to call forth such 
number of the Militia as he may deem proper on the probuJjk prospect of 
iwrreetioit, and if the occasion be sudden, the commanding officer of 
the county is to order out the Militia in such number as he may deem 
necessary. In either case they are to be paid as if in actual service. 

Now Sir, the Governor, with the advice of Council intended to exercise 
the power vested in him on the probable prospect of inmrrectifm, of which 
there seems to have been abundant testimony, verbal and written; or he 
intended to stimulate the commanding officer to the exercise of his duty. 
It is not supposed to do the latter, he would require the solemn advice of 
the Council of State. That the former was intended although not done 
inform would most clearly appear if we judge from the letter only, 
because the men ordered were directed u to be continued in service for a 
speritied time, till the first day of January, for a specified object, the 
protection and safety of the citizens against a probable general insurrection, 
These circumstances — these objects are totally unlike those for which 
the law provides the ordinary County Patroll, and overrules any con- 
clusion to Ikj drawn from the term. Patroll used in the letter, or from the 
informal exercise of powers vested in the Executive on such occasions. 

But if the letter was intended to stimulate the commanding officer to 
his duty — its contents — the high evidence which it offered — the dispatch 
with which it was forwarded — the secrecy enjoined — the aid of the civil 
authority which it invoked — all conspired to justify him in believing it 
to he a; sudden occasion of probable, almost actual insurrection upon 
which it was his duty to order out a portion of tbe Militia "for the safety 
nh! protection of the citizens." So that in either point of view the 
cx|>en$es incurred are according to law to be defrayed by the State. 

Will your Excellency be so good as to say whether or not the conclu- 
sion herein drawn be correct, that in that event proper returns may be 
made of the number of men and length of service, and their claim to 
l*y be put into a train to be discharged. 

I am. &c. 



Your favor of the Gth Instant, in which you mention that efforts have June 22, 
wen made to deprive the Nottoway tribe of Indians of certain lands to R,chmoml 
*hich it is believed they are entitled, I duly received, and should have 


1809. answered sooner, but for the incessant attendance I have been com 
Richmond P^ 01 * to give to the Courts ever since. 

Conformably with your request, I have conferred with Mr. Henry on 
the subject, and he has been kind enough to lend me several very old 
Acts of Assembly, which it was imj>ortant to advert to on the occasion. 
Considering it desirable that all the Acts which relate to Indian title in 
this Commonwealth should be looked into, I have done so, though in 
general those acts are not important to the present inquiry further than 
as it may be interesting to take a connected view of our laws and policy 
on the subject of the aboriginal inhabitants of this country. When the 
first effectual settlement was made in this State, which was in 1604, we 
are informed by Mr. Jefferson in his notes on Virginia, the country from 
the sea coast to the mountains, and from the Potomac to the most 
southern waters of James River, was occupied by upwards of fort; 
different tribes of Indians. The same writer alledges, pa. 153, " That 
the lands of the country were taken from them by conquest, is not sc 
general a truth as is supposed. I find in our history and records re 
peatcd proofs of purchase, which cover a considerable part of the lowei 
country, and many more would doubtless be found on further search 
The upper country has been acquired altogether by purchases made ir 
the most unexceptionable form." The Indians then were the origina 
proprietors and lords of the soil, and although they parted with larg< 
quantities of it to European Settlers, yet they for a long time retained i 
good deal of land in their own hands, and are still in possession of cer 
tain portions by the same original title under which at one time thej 
had a right to the whole. It would not become me on the present occa 
sion to attempt to enter minutely into the history of the acquisitions o 
property by the earliest settlers. 

If there were acts of mutual violence and outrage between the emi 
grants to Virginia and its aboriginal inahitants, such acts were perhaps 
almost inevitable in the situation in which they are placed, vet they ar< 
deeply to be regretted. It affords, however, great consolation to the de 
scendants of the first settlers that so considerable a portion of the Stab 
was .acquired by regular voluntary and peaceable transfer. It is also i 
subject of just congratulation, that from a very early period of our his 
tory, the Legislature manifested an anxious solicitude to preserve to th< 
Indians who remained within our limits, the undisturbed emjoyment o 
their property and the inviolable security of their persons. If, notwith 
standing these efforts of our Government, the numbers of this race o 
people amongst us lias dwindled, and if the character of those who re 
main has in some degree degenerated, it has proceeded from their desir< 
to exchange what we deem a more cultivated and improved state o 
Seciety for those deserts which are more adapted to their ideas of hap- 
piness, more congenial to their modes of subsistence, or it may be 


attributed to the influence of moral causes which no human prudence or 1809. 
policy could counteract. RiclJmond 

The earliest provisions which I find in our statute-book on this subject 
arc in Purvis's edition of the laws, pa. 9<>, entitled " Acts concerning In- 
dians." The preamble of this act states as the motives for its passage 
"That the mutual discontents, jealouses and fears of English and Indians 
proceed chiefly from the violent intrusions of divers English made into 
their lands forcing the Indians by way of revenge to kill the cattle and 
hogs of the English, and by that means injuries being done on both sides, 
reports and rumours are spread of the hostile inventions of each to 
other, tending infinitely to the disturbance of the peace of his Majesty's 
country; and whereas, laws prohibiting the purchase of any Indians 
lands (unless acknowledged at General Courts or Assemblys, by reason 
it is as easie to fright them to a public as well as a private acknowledge- 
ment) are made fruitless and ineffectual; corrupt interpreters often add- 
ing to this mischief by rendering them willing to surrender when indeed 
they intended to receive a confirmation of their rights and a redress of 
their wrongs, which mischiefs, had they continued, must needs have in- 
volved the country into an inevitable and destructive war. 

The La w then goes on to declare and enact to the following effect: 
That no purchase shall be made by the English of any land now justly 
claimed or actually j>osscssed by the Indians. That no injuries shall be 
done Indians. Such English as are seated near Indians shall assist them 
in making a fence. Poor Indians may be allowed to fish for oysters and 
gather wild fruits in any county provided they come unarmed. No per- 
son shall buy or receive any commodity of the Indians without license. 
Differences arising in trade with the Indians shall be referred to the 
Governor. No person shall imprison an Indian King without warrant 
from the Governor and two of the Council. Bounds between the In- 
dians and the English shall be fixt, and commissioners thereto appointed 
shall view the same annuallv. Indians shall not come within the 
liound.s of the English without badges. Indian Kings who are tributary 
to the English shall acquaint them of any invasion they know of in- 
tended by any strange Indians upon the Colony. 

Penalty inflicted on harbouring run away Indians. No person shall 
entertain any of the neighboring Indians for servants without license 
from the Governor. In the 4th year of Queen Anne, an act passed 
entitled " An act for prevention of misunderstandings between the trib- 
utary Indians and other her Majesty's subjects of this Colony and Dom- 
inion and for a free and open trade with all Indians whatsoever." 

The preamble declares "That for prevention of all manner of ani- 
mosities, Jealousies, Fears, Misunderstandings and Differences whatso- 
ever I >et ween the Tributary Indians and others her Majesty's subjects of 
this Colony and dominion, as also the several revenges and Mischiefs 



1800. which may thereupon he sought after and ensue." The Assembly go on 
Richmond *° cnact » That Tributary Indians shall be disabled from conveying in 
fee for life or years any of their lands except to their own nation. 
Persons taking conveyances or leases of Indian lands forfeit 10 shillings 
per acre. Declares that the clause of the Articles of peace concluded 
May 29th, Anno 1077, which declare "Jt is hereby concluded and estab- 
lished that no English shall seat or plant nearer than three miles of any 
Indian Town" shall be so construed that the bounds of Indian Towns 
seated on navigable rivers shall be limited by the river. Tributary 
Indians protected as English subjects, shall have liberty of oystering 
fishing, and gathering wild fruits and productions in any county on 
license, but not to carry offensive arms without a license. Shall give 
notice of any approah of foreign Indians to the next Militia officer, and 
if they desire aid, parties of the Militia may be raised and sent out with 
them. Shall march and continue with the English when commanded. 
Free trade with all Indians. Sale of Rum or Brandy prohibited in the 
Indian Towns or upon their lands, upon penalty of 10 shillings per 
<|iiart. Governor may by charter incorporate Discoveries of Indians 
situate westward of the mountains with sole liberty of trading for 14 
years, «fcc. 

These two acts show very fully the principles on which the Govern* 
ment at those periods acted towards the Indians. They display f** 1 
earnest desire to protect them in the enjoyment of their right; to secure 
them from acts of open violence, and from the insidious efforts of tho**«* 
who might endeavour to defraud them of their property. 

Their rights of property are recognized in the fullest manner, and tl» € * 
great means adopted to secure to them their enjoyment of that projwrtrV 
was to prohibit its alienation except amongst themselves. These act^ 
are not only important in the lights in which they have been already 
considered, but are most interesting documents of the history of tl»^ 

The act contained in Purvis provides that the boundaries of tl"** 3 
Indian's lands shall be settled by Commissioners appointed by the Gove* 
nor, who is directed to make similar annually, to prevent encroachment^ 
being made on the Indians. There is reason to believe that this law wf*^* 
acted on as to the Nottoways at least because in the act of 1734, whk?^ 1 
will be noticed hereafter, the lands of the Nottoways are spoken of f»^ 
having been hthl off'. Whether any reports of the Commissioners arc i * n 
existence I have not been able to learn. They would most probably \r*^ 
found if there were such in being in the Council Chamber, but I unde*" 
stand none such are there. It would seem then that all lands whic^ -1 
belonged to any of the tribes of Indians in this State at the time of th *^ 
passage of the act in the reign of Queen Anne, remain in such tribes ^ * 
such exist, unless where thev have been transferred under the authorit^^^ 


of the Legislature. Because by that act the Indians were expressly pro- 1809. 
hibited from conveying out of their tribes. With respect to the par- rT"{J e ^\ 
ticular tribe of Indians called the Nottoways, there are several acts of 
Assembly, which it will be important to notice. This tribe was one of 
the forty, which, according to Mr. Jefferson, pa. 152, existed at the first 
settlement of the Colony of Virginia. 

They resided on the Nottoway river from which they derived and to 
which they imparted their Name. Being an aboriginal tribe they were 
entitled to the lands which they had appropriated to their own use 
before the settlement of Europeans, and their descendents retain their 
title still, except so far as they have parted with the lands or portions of 
the lands which they originally held. There title is not derived from the 
former Colony, or from the now State of Virginia, but from a source of 
title more ancient than the existence of that Colony or that State. No 
claim therefore which is set up under the authority of a grant from the 
former Colony of Virginia, or from this Government since we were ele- 
vated to the rank of a State can be effectual against the claim of this tribe 
of Indians to their lands, if it appears that the land claimed is part of 
the lands always held by this tribe, and as to which they have never 
jarted with their title in some way recognized by law. We have already 
seen that by the general laws adopted for the regulation of one intercourse 
and relations with the Indian tribes any conveyance of their lands out 
of their tribes was expressly inhibited. 

The source of authority for any title adverse to the claim of the Notto- 
ways must be found in some Legislative permission. Hence results the 
necessity of inspecting the various acts which have passed, permitting 
transfers of the property of the tribe where sanctioned by its own consent. 
This I shall proceed to do as briefly as possible. The first act which it is 
inijiortant to notice, passed in 17-M, and is entitled "An act to enable the 
Nottoway Indians to sell certain lands therein mentioned, and for dis- 
charging the Indian Interpreters." The preamble of this act declares 
that whereas the Nottoway Indians are possessed of a large tract of land 
laid off in a circle of six miles diameter, lying and being on the north 
fci'leof Nottowav river in the Countv of Isle of Wight, and one other 
larjrc tract of land of six miles square, lying and being on the south side 
of said river in the Countv aforesaid, and whereas that Nation is of late 
reduced by wars, sickness and other casualties, to a small number, and 
amongst tho*e that remain, many are old and unable to labour or hunt, 
»> that one of the said tracts will be sufficient for them, and more than 
they are able in their present circumstances to cultivate or make any use 
of, and whereas thev have petitioned this General Assembly to be 
enabled to sell the first mentioned tract in small parcels for the pay- 
n»entof their debts and the better support and maintenance of them and 
tt«r posterity. And for as much as the appropriation of two such large 


1800. tracts for so small a number of people prevents the increase of 
Richmond ^ ants nl * nat P a "sh, and is, therefore, grievous and burthensom< 
present parishioners. The act then provides that the chief mci 
Nottoway tribe shall have authority, with the consent and join 
certain persons named as Trustees in said act, to sell and conve} 
ment and livery and seisin a fee simple in their lands, but no on 
shall purchase more than 400 acres. That by the consent of sai 
way Indians the said trustees might appropriate 400 acres for a 
the use of the parish wherein the same doth or may lie, to 
by said vestry at such price as said trustees should deem rea 
The trustees not to buy for their own use without the conser 
Governor. That as the Interpreters are useless, the Indians i 
the language very well, the Interpreters be discharged and the 
annually allowed to be annulled. The Governor, however, to 1 
power to employ a person at any time to interpret before the 
Court or council, Acts passed in the 25th and 28th years of Ge 
2nd, extending or confirming the rights of the Indians to sell, 
an act passed to authorize the Nottoway Indians to lease certai 
and for the purposes therein mentioned. This act goes to 
the power of selling the lands on the north side of I* 
river, and gives the authority to lease on certain specific 
half the lands on the south side of said river. The tenan 
bound in certain conditions to improve and to stipulate ag; 
juring the lands. Trustees appointed to lease the lands, rec 
rents and appropriate the money for the benefit of the Indians, 
of 1808, eh. 24th, additional powers of selling were given to the 
of the said Nottoway Indians. In the year 18<.M», by an act 
session, new trustees were appointed in the room of the fori 
with power to call their predecessors to account for their tran 
to make rules and regulations for the management of the allair; 
Indians and the preservation of their property; to apply such 
for the maintenance and support of said Indians, so long as ar 
tribe shall be living, and should said tribe become extinct, to } 
monev might remain into the public treasurv. The Exeei 
authorized by this law to remove said trustees for good cause. ] 
from these laws that no person can justly claim any of the lain 
were once the property of this tribe unless under some conveyai 
the trustees appointed under the various acts which have been 
to and made in pursuance of those acts or any others which m 
and which 1 mav not have discovered. It appears from the reeoi 
was enclosed to me that the trustees have brought an ejectment 
persons who they believe are intruders on the Indians' property 
the evidence filed it would seem as if the Defendants contend t 
are entitled to the property in dispute as land which was vacant 




within the Indian boundary, and which was located, surveyed, and 1809. 
patented to the Defendants, or those under whom they claim. The R^mond 
trustees al ledge the lands in controversy are part of the Indian tract. It 
i«, therefore, a mere question of boundary, because if the land in con- 
test never were in the Indian limits the Defendants may have acquired 
title from the Commonwealth. But if the lands were within the limits 
of the tracts which belonged to the Indians, then the title set up under 
a patent from the former government cannot avail the Defendants, be- 
cause the Indians' claim under title paramount to every other — the 
aboriginal right to their soil before the rights either of the King or colony 
under the regal government or of the Commonwealth since attached. 
It is not necessary for the Indians or their Trustees to produce grants or 
parchments as the foundation of their title; they possess the rights 
which accrued by occupancy and long possession, and which many suc- 
cessive acts of the legislature have recognized. For every act for the 
regulation of this property, or which allowed the trustees, with the con- 
sent of the chief men, to transfer the lands of the Indians, proceeded on 
the idea that there existed a property and right in the Indians. 

I am, &c. 

The commission of James Semple as Judge of the General Court in 
the room of James Pleasants, who declined the appointment, made by 
Governor John Tyler during a recess of the General Assembly, is on file, 
dated June 24th, 1809. 

James Pleasants to the Governor. 

Declining the? appointment of Judge of the General Court. June 24, 


Geo. Wm. Smith to Col. E. Carrin<;ton, Gen'l John Preston, 

Major Sam'l Coleman. 

Informing them that the Foundery and Boring Mill for making cannon June 29 
at the Armory were completed, and the first Gun had been made, which 
it was desired that* the above-named gentlemen should have proved in 
wtier to be certified to the Governor previous to a settlement with Henry 
Foxall, the contractor for the machinerv of said Foundery and Korin< 


Abraham Doiolass (Supt. Penitentiary) to the Governor. 

Enclosing plan and specification of Curtis Carter for building a Powder j u i„ g 
Magazine at the Penitentiary. 


1809. The Bond of Robert Stewart, contractor for repairing the public Arms 

Ju y tt in the penalty of Two thousand Dollars, dated the 6th day of July, 
1809. is filed. 

Georue Wray to the Governor. 

July 11, Enclosing his commission as Lieut-Colonel Commandant of the 115th 
Hampton R eg j me nt Virginia Militia. 

By the Governor of Virginia — A Proclamation. 

Ordering that the next Courts (Superior and inferior) for the County of 
Culpeper, be held in the new Courthouse now completed and ready for 
occupancy, dated July 24th, 1809. 

James Byrne (Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Thirty-ninth 

Kechment) to the Governor. 

July 24, In compliance with the advice of the Council of State of the 21st 
Ieterebiirg u j^ ^ j nave na( j ^he arms f ^ ne Company of Artillery attached to the 

39th Regiment proved, a Report of which will be regularly made in due 
time. At present I will only observe that the result is greatly injurious 
to the public, as not more than J have stood the proof. 

I am now carrying the order into effect throughout the Regiment, and 
if 1 can form any opinion from the various burstings which has hereto- 
fore occurred in discharging a common load, I fear the result will be 
equally unfavorable. 

As the former Superintendent of the Armory may have some com- 
ments to make on the manner in which the trval has been made, I have 
thought it proper in this early part of the tryals to submit that manner 
to the Council that they may correct the error, if any. The barrel is 
charged with the required portion of powder, Jrds of the charge of lead 
is formed of bar lead beat out so as to drop freely into the barrel, and 
the other Jd of small shot, so as to produce a pressure of the lead on 
the caliber in its discharge. The barrels are then conjined in a frame of 
wood prepared for the purpose, and then discharged by means of a 
small train of powder. 1 have attended in person to the above tryal 
and saw the effects; pieces of the barrels fly in the air in every direc- 
tion ; they not only burst at the chamber, but at the muzzle where the 
pressure cannot be great; the iron has many flaws, and in general has 
the appearance of cast metal. 

I beg to observe that bullets cannot be procured, and the caliber will 
not receive balls of the weight directed, so that the mode here adopted 


is the only one which has occurred to produce the desired effect. If it 1.S09. 
is wrong the sooner the error is corrected the better, as the orders will p e terebnnr 
be shortly carried into effect. I have at different times sent to the 
Armory a number of public arms collected by me at the request of the 
Council of State and former Governors, the receipt of which has never 
been acknowledged. It is desirable to have some acknowledgment of 
their king received, as it is publicly known that I collected them, I 
ought to be prepared to show that I also delivered them. 

I am. &c. 

John Staples to the Governor. 

From the best estimate which I am able to make, the appropriation July 26, 
which was made at the last session of the Legislature of ten thousand ^"ms ^ 
dollars for the Foundery and Boring Mill has been nearly exhausted in 
the completion of those works; but as they are now ready, it is a very 
desirable object to get them into operation, if it were even in a small 
way. This would enable me to procure suitable hands, afford time to 
try them, to instruct them, if necessary, to prepare the flasks and pat- 
terns which will be necessary, and to cast the stakes, bars, plates, &c, 
requisite for the other furnace, and to make a number of inferior arrange- 
ments in order to be prepared for going fully into operation when an 
appropriation shall be made for that purpose. 

I have no doubt that a good deal of Casting for private individuals 
nn>ht be procured (if it were permitted to be done), the proffits of which 
would assist in defraying the expense of carrying on the works. I have 
made two pieces of cannon, six pounders, which will be ready for prov- 
ing by to-morrow. They appear to be well executed, and I found no 
difficulty in the process even with hands who had not been accustomed 
to that branch of business. 

I am, &c. 

Philip Norborne Nicholas to the Governor. 

In the suit which I have brought against Mr. John Clarke pursuant to July 31, 
the resolution of the Senate and house of Delegates, it is highly import- Ric,i mond 
ant to obtain an accurate estimate of the work done by Mr. Clarke. 

To obviate any possible objection which can be made to the report of 
Mr. Strode and Mr. Richard Young on the ground of their being pressed 
for time or any other cause, and in order to present the subject in a form 
more precise to a jury, I would propose that the Executive should ap- 


1809. point two skilful millwrights or persons acquainted with the ki 

Richmond wor ^ done at the arruory, who should, conjointly with Mr. Strod 

Mr. Young, or one of them, proceed to value the work done b} 

Clarke. The persons appointed to act I should wish to report o 

following points: 

1. What work and of what value was done by Mr. Clarke undc 
contract with the Commonwealth of August, 1799. 

2. What work and of what value was done by Mr. Clarke or J 
Young and others for said Clarke on the machinery, fixtures, and 
ratus at the Armory which is designated extra work. 

3. What repairs and of what value was done by Mr. Clarke or c 
for him on the machinery, <fcc, at the Armory as far as it can be 

4. To state what the annual value of repairs of such works as 
performed at the Armory, and which were kept in repair by Mr. C 
would have been from the time of the first erection of such works 1 
close of liis accounts. 

Also what number of hands would have been sufficient to have 
the Machinery, &c, in repair, and for what wages could such hands 
been hired. 

5th. Was any work upon the Machinery fixtures, <fcc, done by 1 
Hollo way or any person other than the hands of Mr. Clarke, and 
what work, and of what value? 

It would be proper that the persons appointed by the Execut 
make the foregoing inquiries should notify Mr. Clarke a reasonable 
before they proceed, and to request him to attend and shew the 
repairs, Ac, done by him and for which he contends the Commons 
was liable to him. 

Being myself desirous, and Mr. Clarke having intimated to me a 
for a speedy decision, I should hope the valuation could be made at 
as proper persons could be selected to act. If this is done I could pro 
have a trial at the next term of the General Court. 

It is probable that the valuers will want Mr. Clarke's account and 
documents from the Office of the Keeper of the Rolls, and if so I su 
the Executive could direct them to be furnished, the valuers gi\ 
receipt for them and returning them when done with them. 

I am, &c. 

John M. Carter to the Governor. 

August 1, Supposing that it will be in my power to finish the reverse c 
Richmond Great g ea j f llie Commonwealth by the 15th inst, I take the li 

to enclose the Honorable Executive a plan for a screw-press. As I 


\me it would be desirable with them to have the press as early as pos- 
sible after the Seals are completed, I would advise that it be made at the 
Armory, by which means it will be more expeditously executed, and 
probably in a much neater manner than by Mr. Todd, who offered to 
undertake its execution a short time since. 

I am, &c. 



August 1, 


John M. Carter to the Governor. 

Having been mistaken with respect to the Device of the Seals for each 
Superior Court of Chancery, I regret that I have to call your attention 
again to that subject 

The group of figures which are represented on the Seal of the late 
High Court of Chancery and there being a front and reverse, will make 
them more costly than those of the Great Seal of Virginia. 

My proposition, therefore, is that the engraving and expenses attending 
it will be worth, for each seal (front and reverse), Two Hundred and 
fifty Dollars. But if you should conclude to have only one side of the 
Seal engraved, half that sum will be required. 

I am, <fcc. 

August 10, 



James Faulkner (Captain) to the Governor. 

I received by way of Baltimore a Box of Swords and Belts for which August 22, 
you will please accept the thanks of the Officers and men whom I have Martin8b "rg 
the Honor to command. 

As the European powers are not disposed to do the Justice our Gov- 
ernment expects, and it may happen there will be another call for Vol- 
unteers, it is our wish to be equal to any Troops in point of Discipline* 
we have engaged the best swords-man in the City of Baltimore to — us the 
Art of Manual Defence, who commences on Monday the 28th Inst., and 
if your Excellency will be so good as to order Two Field Pieces for the 
use of my company, it will promote the spirit of Discipline and Enter- 
prize which is so essential at this time, and confer a favour on me who 
wish to become the first rate Disciplinarians. 

I am, &c. 





Sep. 5, 


Ben Sheppard to Geo. Wm. Smith. 

Enclosing hia resignation of commission as Captain of the Richmond 
Troop of Cavalry in the fourth Regiment, which by the reply of Geo 
Wm. Smith enclosed, he could not legally resign except by consent of th< 
Executive or the judgment of a Regimental Court of Enquiry. 

The Report of John Staples, supert. of the Armory, of the amount o 
work done during the month of August, 1809, under his supervision. 

John Stokeley to Wm. W. Hening (Member op Council.) 

October 4, Recommending the organization of a Rifle Company in the County c 
Wood C. H. WqocI as far more popular there than an Infantry Company armed witl 
Muskets, which cannot be raised. 

A Return of the Company of Cavalry belonging to the third Regimen 
and third Division of Virginia Militia, in the County of Pcndletor 
made by Henry Hull Captain on the 10th of October, 1809, viz.: 

1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 1 Cornet, 4 Sergeants, 1 Trumpeter, 50 Pr 
vates. Total strength, 59. 59 horses, 59 saddles, 59 bridles, 1 Trunipe 

October 18, 

George Graham to the Governor. 

An unfortunate affair of honor took place on the Maryland Shore < 
Friday last between Mr. Bernard Hoor and Mr. Kempe, of this count 
in which the latter was slightly and the former mortally wounded. J 
died on Saturday in this State. 

From an attempt which was made to present the survivor at the C 
trict Court, held on Monday last, but which failed, it is apprehended 
the immediate connections of Mr. Kempe that an application would 
made to the Executive of Virginia and Maryland to apprehend b* 
Mr. Hoor and Mr. Kempe were both particular acquaintances of mi' 
both very valuable men, and with large families. Mr. Kempe had so 
off his lands and other property, except his Negroes, of which he bt 
about one hundred, and was to have set off for the Western Country J 
a very few days, when a dispute took place between him and Mr. Hoo 
in which abusive language was used (commenced, as my present inform! 
tion is,) on the part of Mr. Hoor, and retorted by Mr. Kempe, on whic 


Mr. Hoor struck him with a horse-whip, but Kempe being the stronger 1809. 
man got the better in the contest, and was challenged by Hoor, in conse- j^Smfriof' 
quence of which the meeting took place. The parties were attended by 
their seconds and surgeons, and it is not believed that anything unfair 
took place on the ground on the part of either. Anno' I do not believe 
myself that any application will be made to the Executive on the sub- 
ject, yet I have taken the liberty to give you this statement of the trans- 
action, that if a different one should be made an inquiry might be insti- 
tuted previous to any steps being taken by the executive. 

I am, &c. 

J. Wills to the Governor. 

Reporting the condition and situation of the old manufactory of October 19, 
arms at the Point of Fork, and recommendation for its sale, with the Fluvanna 
certificate of Jessey Saunders and Thomas Gray on the value of old 
Franklin Rods, belonging to the same. 

J. Wills to the Governor. 

Enclosing copy of a Deed made by Elias Wills and wife to Edm'd October 31, 
Randolph, Gov. of Virginia, a tract of I^and in the County of Fluvanna F|; ,vannR 
containing one hundred and fifty acres. Also informing that a deed from 
David Ross to the Commonwealth for twenty-five acres in same County 
on which the State's Armory has been built cannot be found in the records 
of said County. 

B. W. Leicjh to the Governor. 

I received to-day your letter of yesterday giving me the very pleasing Nov. 11, 
"diligence that the guns designed for my company of Light Infantry are Petersburg 
n °w ready for deliver}'. And I wish heartily I could with any propriety 
av 'aii myself of the excuse for neglecting my business which j'our good- 
ies has suggested for me — that of making choice of these arms and so 
toakean occasion to visit my friends in Richmond. But you know what 
double sometimes these are are to such folks as me. 

Mr. James Stephens, my orderly Sergeant (a very honest man and 
?°od soldier), will hand you this letter. He will choose the arms and 
Ave a receipt for them, which I beg may be taken as equivalent with my 
°*n. Sixty-four guns was the old number furnished the company, which 
at this time does not require sq many ; but as the young men who 


1801). compose it are seldom of permanent residence, so on the other hand new 
PeterebuVff recru ^ are continually coming in, so that I think 64 the most convenient 

Mr. S. will also come prepared to bring these arms over with him 
The expense of transportation will I presume be a public one, tho' I hav< 
made provision for defraying it in the first instance out of the private 
funds of the Company. 

Be so good as to send me orders by Mr. S. as to the disposition I an 
to make of the old guns. I suppose it will be proper to deliver them U 
Major Wilder, who commands the battalion. 

I am, <fcc. 

Levkn Powell, President, Charles Simms, Jacob Hoffman, 
Hugh Smith, Directors, to the Governor. 

Nov. 25, The President and Directors of the Little River Turnpike Company, 
A exandna j )av j 11 g completed five miles of said road beyond the Twenty miles here- 
tofore completed and nearest thereto, respectfully request your Excellency 
to appoint three skillful — to view and examine the same agreeably to 
the 7th section of the act entitled an act to incorporate a Company for 
establishing a Turnpike road from the intersection of Duke Street in 
the Town of Alexandria with the South west line of the District ol 
Columbia to the ford of Little River where the Turnpike road now 
crosses it, and the act to amend the same passed at the last session ol 


We are, <fce. 

Mr. Curtis Carter has completed the Magazine agreeable to his contract 

with the Executive, (except whitewashing, which he is to have done as 

soon as the Arch is sufliciently dry,) and has furnished for the outer 

walls next the hill seven thousand seven hundred and fifty bricks in 

addition to that contract. 

Richmond, 29th of November, 1800. 

Ab'm Douglass. 

Wm. Cammack (President), Fort. Whittle, Robert Martland 
Luke Wheeler (Directors) to the Governor. 

Nov. 20, The present Directors of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, in corn- 
Norfolk pHance with their duty and the example of their predecessors, have th* 
Honor to exhibit to the Executive an annual statement of the Com 
pany's affairs, in which the State holds so large an interest 


Your Excellency may have learned from former Reports that such had 1809. 
been the unforeseen difficulties in the outset of this work, such the in- Norfolk 
calculable expenses in its progress through a heavy-timbered morass, 
covered in most parts with water nine months in the year, as to absorb 
the whole of the capital subscribed for its complete execution before lit- 
tle more than half the work was accomplished, and that for the last four 
years they have had little other means to extend its progress than what 
arose from Tolls on the part which they had cut and the credit which 
these gave them. The amount of the present year's receipts and Expen- 
ditures will be seen by a statement annexed, the sum expended exceed- 
ing the amount received by 24,000 Dollars, which has been pretty much 
the case for the last four years; but with it the Company have at last, 
during the present year, accomplished their cut throughout, and have 
only now to regret their further inability to render it at once more gen- 
erally useful by erecting the necessary Locks for the passage of vessels 
through it, which they really are unable to execute without some further 
legislative aid, in which we hope for the countenance and co-operation of 
the Executive. The memorial for this object to the General Assembly 
we have now the Honor to enclose, and shall charge the Representatives 
of our District with the care of a copy. 

We are, &c. 

W. C. Nicholas to the Governor. 

On niv way to the City of Washington to take my seat in the house of Nov. 27, 
Representatives, I have had a return of the Rheumatism, which puts it out 1 ' 0U18a uo * 
"f my power to proceed, and I fear would disable me from attending 
during the winter. 

lender these circumstances, duty to my country and to my constituents 
^luires that I should resign a situation, the duties of which I am unable 
to Inform. 

At a period less critical and interesting I might think myself at liberty 
to delay this measure, but at the present moment when the best interests 
°f my country are at hazard, I deem it important that every department 
°f the government should be completely filled. 

Your Excellency and the Council will be pleased to accept my resig- 
nation, and to order an election for the district I have had the honor to 

Your patriotism and high sense of the obligations the representative 

character imposes, will suggest the feelings under which I have acted, 

and my regret at the necessity, that exists in this way to dissolve my 

°fncial relations to my constituents to whom I am bound by every tie of 

gratitude and affection. 

I am, &c. 


1809. Henrico C-ounty, &c. : 

Nov. 27 

I do hereby certify that Andrew Reid, Esqr., this day took the 

oath of a privy Councellor before me a justice of the peace for the said 

County agreeable to Law. 

Given under my hand this 11th day of December, 1809. 

Daniel L. Hylton. 

Samuel Coleman (D. A. G.) to the Governor. 

Dec. 25 I have the honor to lay before you as injoined by law the most com- 

plete return of the Militia which I have ever yet been able to present to 
the Commander in Chief. 

While I congratulate you Sir, on the apparent strength of our National 
defence (being about 80,000), I cannot but regret that the arms returned 
are so far short of the number* actually issued. What the deficiency 
really is cannot at present be ascertained, as many have been issued 
since the returns from which the enclosed is made up have been received. 
Our next Brigade returns, it is hoped, will in that respect exhibit a more 

accurate statement. 

I am, &c. 

A. Foster to the Governor. 

1S10. I take the liberty to address you on a subject that you are acquainted 

.January 5, w j^ an( j approve of — the merciful and humane institution of the Peni-" 

I was the first of our Order that preached the Gospel of peace to thes^ 
poor unfortunate Men, and I have endeavoured to get as many of my* 
Bretheren, and those of other denominations as I could, to assist in thi:s= 
laudable business, and we have cause to believe our labour is not in vair^ 3 
in the Lord. We are still willing to volunteer our feeble services, with - 
out money and without price, in conjunction with the benevolent law <k 
this State, to reclaim these unhappy men from the error of their way 
but it is very disagreeable and injurious to our health, and the health o^ 
the prisoners also, to stand in the open air on the cold ground in t\\^ 
winter, and in the Summer the heat of the sun affects us very much alsr^ 
We therefore pray and beseech you to have some convenient plac - 
provided for us in the Penitentiary that will screen us from the inclei 
ency of the weather while we attempt to worship God. 

I am, <fec. 


At a meeting of the President and Directors of the Leesburg turnpike isio. 
Company, held at the house of Nicholas Peers, in the town of Leesburg, Januar y 5 
on the 30th of November, 1 809— Present : 

Wilson C. Selden, President; James Moore, Robert Braden, Charles 
Lewis, Chas. F. Mercer, Directors. 

The following resolution was moved and unanimously approved by 
the board, viz. : 

Remlred (by the President and Directors of the Leesburg turnpike 
road company), That notice be given by Charles Fenton Mercer to His 
Excellency the Governor of Virginia in conformity with the requisition 
of an Act of the General Assembly of Virginia passed the 3rd of Feb- 
ruary, 1809, that two hundred shares have been subscribed to the stock 
of the Leesburg turnpike road company, that a meeting of the sub- 
scribers of the said stock has been called and held in the town of Lees- 
burg in conformity with the provisions of the said Act, and that Wilson 
C. Selden has been elected President, and Charles Fenton Mercer, James 
Moore, Robert Braden, and Charles Lewis have been elected Directors of 
the said company for the ensuing year. Richard Henderson, Sct'y and 

Letter from Charles Fenton Mercer of Jan'y 27th, 1809, enclosing the 
above to the Governor. 

Ohas. Little, Geo. Summers, and Edward Washington to the 


We, the subscribers, having been appointed by his Excellency, John January 6 
Tyler, Governor of Virginia, to view and examine Five miles of the 
Little River Turnpike road, in addition to the Twenty miles of said road 
heretofore made and contiguous thereto, do respectfully report that we 
have viewed and examined the said additional Five Miles of said road, 
ai ul that the same has been executed according to the meaning of the act 
entitled k 'an act to incorporate a company for establishing a Turnpike 
n *d from the intersection of Duke Street, in the town of Alexandria, 
*fth the Southwest line of the District of Columbia to the Ford of 
Little River, where the turnpike road now crosses it." 

We are, &c. 

In the House of Delegates, Monday, January 15th, 1810. 

The House according to the order of the day, proceeded, by joint 
ballot, with the Senate, to the choice of a Treasurer for this Common- 


1810. The usual formal ties being observed as on such occasions, the con 

mitlees of both houses met, and having counted the ballots, found 
majority of the whole number in favor of John Preston. 

Teste: J. Plkasants, jur., ('. H. I>. 

In the house of Delegates, Wednesday, Jan wiry SI si, 18 10. 

The house, according to the order of the day, proceeded by joint ball' 
with the Senate to the choice of a Judge of the General Court to supp 
the vacancy occasioned by the death of Joseph Prcntis, Esqr. 

The usual formalities of such occasions being observed, the committe 
of both houses met, and having counted the ballots found a majority 
the whole number in favor of James Semple, Esqr. 

Teste : J. Pleasants, C. H. P- 

Hancock Eustace to tiik Governor. 

February 6 Your letter of the 29th of January I had the honor to receive, and 
directed you will receive the following statement: 

Tob'o now in my hands as agent for the State in the management 
Bristoe's property is 105,284 lbs.; due from Tenants, 71,173 lbs., and t 
am't of annual rents, 25,800. I have a Judgment for 22,607 lbs. Tob 
which I expect to receive in a short time; the balance will be collect 
the present year. If the Tenants do not pay up this Spring, I sb 
direct the Sheriff to make general distress. The public Tob'o was offer 
for sale in Dumf's yesterday, and the highest price I could obtain tli< 
was $3 pr. Hundred, and then I could not dispose of the whole. I \\B 
written on to Alexandria to know what could be had there, and so so 
as I can get an answer you shall again hear from me. 

I am, <fcc. 

A. Foster and Ab'm Douglass to the Governor. 

February 8, Having been appointed by the Executive to report a plan and e&tim£ 
Richmond f or a chapel for Divine Worship within the walls of the Penitential 
Report that they have paid every attention to that duty, and after a: 
ture deliberation are fully satisfied that the room formerly denominat 
the Hospital, with that adjoining, will be sufficiently large for that pi 
pose after taking the partition wall between them down. 

The expense of benches, Pulpit, and Bible will not exceed Sevent 


Five Dollars. The expense of taking down the partition wall will be 1810. 
very trifling, as it can he done by one of the assistant Keepers, who is R^™*on«r 
by profession a Bricklayer. All which is respectfully submitted. 

We are, <fcc. 

In Senate, February 8th, 1810. 

Rc*olccd, That the Senate consider themselves in imminent danger 
from the present decayed situation of the l'laister hi the Senate Cham- 

Remlv&l therefore, That the Executive be requested to cause the plais- 
tering thereof to be removed and newly plaistered, to be paid for out of 
any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. 

Attest: Tiiko. Hansford, C. S. 

J. Preston (Treasurer) to the Governor. 

The Treasurer solicits the Honorable the Executive of Virginia to per- February 10 
mit him to remove the Treasury Office into such room on the third 
story of the Capitol as they may think fit to assign for that purpose. 

That in which it was kept last year will be perfectly agreeable, and as 
in duty bound will obey. 

I am, <fcc. 

Philip Norborxe Nicholas to the Governor. 

In the suit depending against Major John Clarke in the General Court April 24, 
I deem it of importance to the public interests that additional counsel Richmond 
should be employed. The transactions involved in that suit are con- 
siderably complicated. I wish to have counsel to confer with relative to 
tn e preparation of the evidence, as the cause will come on I expect in 
June. If the Executive think proper to employ counsel I would sug- 
S^t that it would be agreeable to me to be associated with Mr. Botts in 
toe case, as there will be'a facility in our having access together to the 
documents in the cause and which are in the public offices here, and we 
^n also being both on the spot, confer conveniently together as often as 
may be necessary. As I wish to take immediate steps to be ready for 
toal in June I would feel obliged to receive an answer from your Excellency 
88 soon as convenient. 

I am, &c. 


Richard W. Byrd to the Governor. 

1810. I deem it my duty to apprize you of an alarm which exists with us 

« M *y ^°j , as well as the causes which have produced it. An insurrection of the 
blacks on the Saturday night preceding Whit Sunday is much feared. 

As to myself I am not satisfied that their plans are perfectly matured, 
hut that such a scheme has been in contemplation is beyond all doubt 
Our unremitted vigilance may probably frustrate their designs in this 
neighborhood, but unless similar exertions are generally used, the con- 
sequences may l>e extremely fatal. A report that such an attempt would 
bo made about Whit sunday in North Carolina has been very prevalent 
here for eight or ten days. On Saturday last a negro boy who was 
noticing a white man making an awkward effort to go through the man- 
ual exercise, observed to him, "you will all have to use your muskets 
enough before long, and if you knew what I know it would be well for 
you." He was apprehended but refused to make any voluntary con- 
fessions. After receiving twenty lashes, he acknowledged that he had 
hoard some of our most suspicious negroes (naming them) speaking of 
the "intended works" in Carolina. He was positive in stating that he 
heard one of them say "that the operations were to commence in Caro- 
lina on the night before Whit sunday. That they were to fight with 
oluhs, spikes and axes, and if necessary they (the Carolina negroes) 
would immediately come over here to help the Virginia negroes." This 
follow has been examined by two magistrates, who have committed him 
to jail and direoted a court to be called for his trial. One of the other 
negroes charged by this boy with conversing on the same subject ran 
awav as soon as he found out that he was named. Another of them 
made statements voluntarily, which convinced all who heard him that 
the negroes have such a design, and that the plan is much more general 
than we at tirst supposed. 

From the evidence of this witness as well as from other circumstances, 
I am convinced that the negro preachers are more dangerous than any 
other description of blacks. He charges two of these christians with 
reproving him and others for not attending their meetings more regularly; 
and with stating if the negroes had attended as they ought to have done 
that the great -Mid important object which they (the preachers) had long 
had in view would before this have been accomplished, and that all by 
this time would have been over." 

Indeed, he added that one of them said u that the whole force of the 
neigh U>rhood would have l>een put down before to-day." 

1 am told that two persons will testify that another preacher about 
live miles from this ^named Peter^ has lately received a letter from Caro- 
lina addressed to him as general Peter of Isle of Wight This letter is 
supposed to Mate to the same "Works," It is also said that General 


ler has given notice to many other negroes " that their attendance at 1810. 
•meeting-house on Sunday next must be much earlier than common; g m i*hfl e jj 
it he had received a letter from Carolina informing him that there was 
be an Earthquake there on the Saturday night before Whit sunday, 
i that he wished to explain it to them all." 

rhat he has given this notice, I am well-informed, can be proven by 
j or two witnesses. Another negro is charged with having said "that 
re would bean Earthquake here on the same night; that he was 
itled to his freedom, and he would be damned if he did not have it 
% fortnight." 

V negro man belonging to Mrs. Cowper (a lady of very great respecta- 
ty) told her yesterday " that if she knew what he did it would make 
• heart bleed." Many other speeches of the same kind have been 
de by other negroes (as we are informed), but I will not fatigue you 
h a recital of them. Those which appear to be most pointed are 
3ady stated. It is highly possible that more positive evidence will 
be procured, but as the time fixed for their u works" draws so near, 
ave determined at once to give you my present information upon the 

tfy object in making this communication is to apprize you, and through 
i our fellow-citizens generally, of the danger we are all probably ex- 
•ed to. We have taken up many of these fellows, and expect to go 
in the same way. This course may possibly avert the dreadful calam- 
with which we are threatened. I have thought it advisable to state 
circumstances on which our suspicions are founded, to enable you to 
ge whether they are sufficient to either alarm or vigilence. 
Jy own apprehensions are now in a great degree removed, because I 
ik it probable that we have broken the chain by which they were to 
inked. Should the circumstances which I have related be deemed 
trivial to obtain any serious notice, I am sure you will excuse the 
rty which I have taken, and if this communication shall be produc- 
of the least good I shall think myself amply compensated for 
ving it. 

I am, <fcc. 

Wm. Sharp (Lt. Col.) to the Governor. 

ast evening Capt. Lord delivered tome your letter and advice of June 6 
ncil covering a letter from Mr. Byrd. Your directions therein con- Norfolk 
ed shall be executed. The same reports mentioned by Mr. Byrd 
p lately been in circulation here, and last Friday I called a board of 
*rs consisting of the Commandants of the Battalions and companies 
communicated to them what I had heard. It was unanimously 


1810. Resolved that each man subject to Militia duty shall have delivered to 
Norfofk n * m hy his Captain (in case of an alarm and not otherwise), three rounds 
of Ball cartridge. As there is no amunition belonging to the Regiment, 
I beg leave to enquire of your Excellency how and where I am to get 
some — (particularly powder for the artillery), for account of the State in 
case of actual insurrection or invasion. 

I am, <fec. 

This Indenture made this fourth day of May, one thousand seven hun- 
dred and ninety -seven, between Thomas Rutherford and Sarah, his wife, 
of the County of Henrico and Commonwealth of Virginia, of the one 
part, and James Wood, Esquire, Governor of the said Commonwealth, 
in behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia aforesaid, of the other part, 
Witnessetb, that the said Thomas Rutherford and Sarah, his wife, for 
and in consideration of the sum of one thousand two hundred and eight 
dollars and seventy-five cents to them paid by the Treasurer of the said 
Commonwealth, the receipt of which they hereby acknowledge, have 
granted, bargained and sold, aliened, released and confirmed, and- by 
these presents do grant, bargain and sell, alien and release and confirm 
unto the said James Wood, Esquire, Governor, and to his successors, 
Governors of the Commonwealth aforesaid, for the use and in trust for 
the said Commonwealth of Virginia a certain tract or parcel of land ad- 
joining the city of Richmond on the west thereof, and bounded as fol- 
lows, viz. : Beginning at a corner stone on the city line at the northeast 
side of a street and running from thence north fifty-four degrees west 
thirty -eight poles to a stone ; thence clue west eighteen poles and a-half 
to a stone ; thence due south fifty-two poles to a stone ; thence south 
seventy-seven degrees east twenty-four poles to a stone at a Ditch the 
city line; thence with the said Ditch and City line north thirty -six 
degrees east forty-three poles to the beginning; containing twelve acres 
and fourteen square poles according to a survey made thereof by the 
Surveyor of the County, on the 30th day of March, 1797, together with 
all and singular the appurtenances to the said tract or parcel of land be- 
longing. To have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with the 
appurtenances as aforesaid to him the said James Wood, Esquire', Gover- 
nor, and to his successors, Governors of the Common wealth of Virginia, 
for the use of and in Trust for the said Commonwealth of Virginia for- 

And the said Thomas Rutherford and Sarah his wife for themselves 
and their heirs do hereby covenant and agree with the said James Wood, 
Esquire, Governor, as aforesaid in behalf of the said Commonwealth of 
Virginia, that they the said tract or parcel of land with its appurtenances 
to him the said James Wood, Esquire, Governor, and to his successors, 


Governors of the Commonwealth of Virginia for the use of, and in trust 1810. 
for the said Commonwealth of Virginia against the right title, interest, 
claim or demand of any other person or persons whatsoever will forever 
warrant and defend. 

In witness whereof the said Thomas Rutherford and Sarah his wife 
have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals the day and 
year before written. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of John D. Blair, Wm. Burton, 

and Sam. Coleman. 

Thomas Rutherford. [Seal.] 

Sarah Rutherford. [Seal.] 

Commonwealth of Virginia to Daniel L. Hylton, William Price and 
Geo. Williamson, Gent. Justices of Henrico County — Greeting: 

Whereas, Thomas Rutherford and Sarah, his wife, have by their cer- 
tain Indenture of Bargain and Sale, bearing date the fourth of May. 
1797, sold and conveyed unto James Wood, Esquire, Governor, and to 
his successors, Governors of the Commonwealth of Virginia, for the use 
and in trust for the said Commonwealth, a certain tract or parcel of land 
adjoining the city of Richmond, on the west thereof, and bounded as 
follows — viz.: Beginning at a corner stone on the city line at the north- 
east side of a street, and running from thence north fifty-four degrees, 
west thirty-eight poles to a stone; thence due west eighteen poles and a 
half to a stone; thence due South fifty-two polos to a stone; thence 
**>uth seventy-seven degrees, East twenty-four poles to a stone at a Ditch, 
the city line ; thence with said Ditch and city line north thirty-six de- 
P^es, east forty-three |>oles to the beginning, containing twelve acres and 
'°"rteen square poles. And whereas the said Sarah Rutherford cannot 
Co nvenieutly travel to our County Courthouse to make acknowledgement 
°f the said conveyance, Therefore we do give you, or any two or more of 
• °*J, power to receive the acknowledgement, if the said Sarah shall be 
filing to make before you, of the conveyance aforesaid contained in the 
*****<! Indenture, which is hereto annexed. We do therefore command 
^<-Mi that you personally go to the said Sarah and receive her acknowl- 
^M gement of the same, and examine her privily and apart from the said 
Oomas, her husband, whether she doeth the same freely and voluntarily 
Vv ithout his persuasion or threats, and whether she be willing that the 
^Mne should be recorded in our said County Court of Henrico; and 
Vv lien you have received her acknowledgment and examined her as afore- 
^^ld, that you distinctly and openly certify as thereof in our said Court 
Vl nd«,-r your seals, sending then there the said Indenture and this writ. 
Witness Izard B. Whitlock, clerk of our said Court, this fifth day of 
-August, 1809, in the 34th year of our foundation. 

J. B. Whitlock. 


1810. Endorsed as follows: 

Henrico County, to- wit : 

In obedience to the within Commission to us directed, we have person- 
ally waited on the within named Sarah Rutherford, and examined her 
privately and apart from the said Thomas Rutherford her husband, who 
freely and voluntarily relinquished her right of dower to the land and 
premises conveyed by deed hereunto annexed, and is willing that the 
same should be recorded in the County Court of Henrico. We the sub- 
scribers having previously read the said deed and explained the purport 
thereof to the said Sarah. 

Given under our hands and seals this 18th day of January, 1810. 

William Price. [L. S.] 
Geo. Wm'son. [L. S.] 

Endorsed as follows: 

At a Court held for Henrico County at the Court House the third day 
of July, 1797. 

This Indenture was acknowledged by Thomas Rutherford, a party 
thereto, and ordered to be recorded. 

Teste, Ad. Ckaio, C. C. 

[These papers filed in package of June, 1810. — Ed.] 

John M. Carter to the Governor. 

July 0, I have now the happiness to acquaint you that I have at length com- 

Richmond ■ >letcn.l the sword for Lieut. O'Hannon which vou confided to mv exeeu- 
i ► • 

tion. 1 trust the manner in which it is executed will meet with the ap- 
probation of the honorable Executive. However, I think it due to the 
occasion to state to your Excellency that the many unforeseen dillicul- 
ties which 1 have encountered in effecting its execution have much en- 
hanced its value, and I certainly could not have afforded it for the 
agreed price had they have been at first anticipated by me, which con- 
sideration may perhaps in the estimation of the hon'ble Executive 
entitle me to some additional compensation for effecting their object in 
the manner I have. I am induced to believe that the work is done in a 
manner by no means inferior to the original design and intention of the 
Executive. But should they not view the subject in this light, nor think 
any additional compensation ought reasonably to be extended to me, 
thev will act accordingly. In any event, I shall feel confident of having 
exerted mvself to conform to the wishes of the Executive. 

I am. &c. 


William Brokenbrough to Geo. Wm. Smith. 

In the month of April last a nomination of Magistrates for this 1810. 
county was made, which, for some cause not distinctly understood by me, jjJJjj^yf J. 
was sent back to the Executive to be reconsidered. On Wednesday last 
another nomination was made by the Court entirely different (except in 
one instance) from the first, and against this last nomination six of the 
iMagistrates who sat in April have protested. These proceedings of the 
Court have excited a considerable sensation in the county, which has in 
some degree been felt by myself as one of the citizens thereof. It is the 
opinion of some of my friends that I ought to express my opinion to 
the Executive, as I was lately a Representative of Hanover, and am 
pretty well acquainted with the nominations and persons nominated. 

All of the persons nominated in April are Republicans with perhaps 
the exception of one, Mr. Woolfolk, whereas four on the last list are de- 
cidedly federal, and one other supposed to be so. I do not wish to 
make any further remarks on the Nominees, but I think it perfectly fair 
that the political complexion of the two courts (in April and July) 
should be understood by the Executive. 

Thomas White, Thomas Starke, Parke Street, Wm. White, John Kilby, 
Geo. Street, Wm. O. Winston, Woodson Ellis, and Wm. Trueheart, were 
nine out of ten who made the recommendation in April. These 
roen have been uniformly Republican. In the perilous times of '98 
they stood firmly attached to democratic principles and opposed to fede- 
ral usurpation ; they have all been long and intimately acquainted with 
the people, are attached to them and their rights, and the people to 
them. Two of them (White and Starke) represented the County about 
the years '98, '99, &c, and in that capacity were true to their Trusts, 
a "d certainly expressed the feelings and wishes of the People. Of those 
^'ho made the nomination in July, Thomas Tinsley, Ferrel Price, Carter 
Berkeley, Henry Robinson, and Walter Coles are federalists. I have 
^so heard Mr. Harris spoken of in that way, but of this I am not cer- 
tain, and altho' these are respectable men, yet it is certain that their 
political Principles are in direct Hostility with those of about four-fifths 
C) f the citizens of the County, and altho' Col. Winston and Mr. Ellis, 
*'ho united in the April recommendation, also concurred in the last, yet 
I think it certain that if a vote was taken the great majority of our citi- 
zens would express their confidence in a Recommendation made by 
nine-tenths of their political friends rather than in one in which there is 
so much federal allov. 

I need not dwell on the great importance of infusing republican life 
into our County Court system. Being a self created body, the County 
Courtis founded rather in the Principles of Oligarchy than of Democracy; 
the appointment is permanent and its Power immense, not only as a 


July 28, 


judicial but as an executive and tux levying body. I therefore think an* 
always have, the right that the Executive ought in the appointment c 
Magistrates to direct their attention in a very great degree to the politico 
Principles of the candidates. And on this ground, altho' I might noi 
perhaps had I been a nominator, have concurred in one or two instance 
in the nomination, yet if I had the power of Appointment I would nc 
scruple for a moment to ratify the vote given by the respectable Repub 
lieans who acted in April. I never knew a Court which was decidedly 
federal to make republican nominations, and whensoever the federalist* 
do vote in that way it is generally on the principle of creating Division 
It is then certainly good policy for the republicans to adhere, otherwise 
the fedendists in the various counties will certainly prevail. 

I have taken the liberty of addressing you this letter in consequen-i 
of the acquaintance which for a long time has subsisted between us, ai^i 
from a firm persuasion that you will not attribute this step to any ii"? 
proper motives on my part. 

If you think proper you may exhibit this letter at the board, for I do 
not wish that my sentiments on this subject should be concealed. 

I am, tSrc. 

Spencer Roane to the (Joyernor. 

July 20, 
1 lanover 

I take the liberty of addressing you on the subject of a late nomina- 
tion of Magistrates and of a Sheriff, by Hanover Court. In thus address 
ing you I exercise a right inestimable to free men, and which will readil) 
be allowed me by a republican and responsible Executive. I not onl\ 
exercise a right but perform a duty incumbent on me as a republicar 
citizen of Hanover. You will readilv admit me to be honest in tin 
exercise of it when I inform you that it is in opposition to the doings o 
Hanover Court, and that you have liberty to give publicity to this letter 
No man is more sensible than myself of the comfort of passing dowr 
the stream of life quietly; but I am prepared to do my duty. I hav< 
always preferred "the tempestuous sea of liberty" to "the calm of Dcs 
potism." I need not remind your Excellency that there is a redeeming 
spirit in the Constitution which can bring back every department of th< 
government to fund mental principles, and rally them under the banners 
of republicanism, save only the Department of the County Courts; anc 
it would have been truly unfortunate had not one Constitution provide* 
a check against their aberrations and enormities (in the first instance), ir 
the veto of the Executive. The tribunal of those Courts, but for tha 
check, is a self-perpetuating oligarchy ; and having the nomination o 
nearly all the military and civil officers in the Commonwealth, raighl 
unquestionably change the character of the principles of the people s< 


to become homogenious with their own. It may even in the case 1810. 
before us seduce the staunchly republican county of Hanover to send jj ai f ove y. 
:f«ederal members to the legislature! As in this case the Constitution 
ives no remedy after the Executive sanction has been given, So the 
ranting of that sanction and the consapicnces thereof, should be well 

nsidered. That which when done is irrevocable, should be duly con- 
idered before it is done. 

As the proceedings in this case with the proper documents and proofs 

ill be duly submitted to your Excellency, I mean not to enter into the 
irwrticulars of them. But I deem the right to enter my protest as a 
republican citizen of Hanover against the last recommendation of Mag- 
istrates, and to pray that the first may be commissioned by the Executive. 
I object to the last because the federal party in this county, having before 
more than its due quota of Magistrates, undertook to nominate four or 
five other federalists, and to paliate the measure by adding also a few 
other magistrates said to be republican ! ; instead of permitting their 
republican colleagues to pass a judgment upon their principles. You 
may be assured that in such case they would select such republicans as 
they conceive would best suit them. 

If it was their purpose to select true and undoubted republicans, why 
did they take only one of the republicans formerly recommended, and 
him perhaps only on account of his local situation? I judge these 
Gentlemen as I would wish to be judged myself were I compelled to 
choose out of federalists. I would unquestionably ceteris paribus choose 
those who were as little federal a3 possible. It may be said that a few 
republicans concurred in this last recommendation. 

It is not pleasant for me to enter into the particulars of the conduct 
of any Gentleman, but it is certain that two of them also concurred in 
the first nomination before it was possible for them to have been operated 
upon by Intrigues or any extraneous considerations. It is not pleasant 
to speak of these Gentlemen, who I believe to be extremely respectable, 
but it is certain that republicans who have united with federalists in 
surrendering up the republican ascendancy of their county, are not en- 
titled to as much confidence as those who are prepared to die in the last 
ditch in defence of it. As to the first recommendation, it is understood 
that the Executive have not parted from it, but merely retained it in 
order to have a new trial on a second recommendation. The result of 
that trial (the particulars whereof will be unfolded to you,) will show 
you the equal purity to *a}/ the lend of the first recommendation. With 
respect to the first nomination, I shall only take the liberty to add that 
it was made by those who possess the confidence of the great body of 
the people of this county, and most of whom, were very active and 
prominent in the worst days of the Adams Administration, when some 



1810. of their opposing brethren, however respectable in private life, were 
t f^L^ V kissing the rod that chastised us. 

Although I am not so intolerant as to wish to withhold from that 
party its due quota of the Magistracy of the County (and they have 
greatly more than that already), neither do I wish to live in a county in 
which federalism shall be triumphant notwithstanding the staunch re- 
publicanism (at present) of at least four-fifths of the people. 

As to the recommendation of Sheriff, I have no doubt but that 
the spirit of party also operated in that case. As your honorable body 
will have the facts before you, I shall only say that I was present and 
should undoubtedly have voted in favor of Major Thomas Starke. 
Departing from the merits of the contest, I must add that Major Stark < 
is a man of the most exemplary character, and has long representee 
this County by a general vote in the worst times. I never heard anj 
man speak of him in my life in terms other than the above. The onlj 
fault I ever heard imputed to him was by some federalists, and tha. 
consisted only in his Sterling and inflexible attachment to the repabli 
can cause and principles. 

I am, <fcc. 

J. G. Jackson to the Governor. 

Sept. 28 Event** beyond my controul have forced me to choose between tli 

painful alternatives of depriving my constituents again this winter < 
their representative rights in Congress, or of resigning the oftice wit 
which they have been pleased to honor me. Ever since my apprehension 
of this dilema existed I did not hesitate to decide as my duty dictate* 
and T have only delayed the promulgation of that decision in the e> 
iwtation that a favorable change in my health would soon prevail ovc 
the effects of a recent relapse — That hope is illusory, and I now tend* 
you my resignation of the station I fill as the representative of tlv 
district. It adds very much to nn* regrets to dissolve the ]K>1itical coi 
nection subsisting between me and my constituents; to terminate it « 
a period of great and increasing national interest and difficulty like tli 
present, when the Congress are lagging in the rear of public opinio] 
notwithstanding the advice of the Executive supj>orted bj' paratnnui 
claims of patriotism and the audible voice of the nation stimulate 
them to action. 

When efforts, the most base, are practiced to alienate the affectiof 
and confidence of the people from the Administration ; when the sla* 
ders of the Executive are not confined to the newspapers, but continue t 
be mingled with the legislative deliberations ; when we perceive tb 
State of parties in this country and their relative influence constituting 


tbe principle subject of diplomatic communication and speculation, and 1810. 
the measures of a foreign government in relation to us guided exclu- °*P*' *® 
sively by them. And above all, when the State of the world requires 
that each one of us disposed to do his duty at all hazards, should be at 
his post, I regret that I must surrender mine. Nothing but the most 
imperious necessity could induce me to take this step, but inasmuch as I 
cannot control, I must yield to it; although I flatter myseff that a few 
months of careful attention to my situation will contribute much to re- 
pair the ravages of a painful and long protracted indisposition. 

1 am, &c. 

William Nelson to the Governor. 

No person admires more than I do the wisdom of those who formed Nov. 30, 
our excellent constitution particularly manifested in the separation of W"^ 018 " 
the different departments of Government. It is no infringement of this 
principle, however, for those who are to put different parts of the ma- 
chine into operation to point out any defect or difficulty which may 
arise in the operation. The application of the Laws, which may be 
called its cogs and wheels, requires not a little caution, and particularly 
those laws to which are annexed the flails of punishment. Hence the 
extremely critical nicity adopted by the judiciary on whom this duty 
devolves, when there is danger of this strictness founded in justice and 
sanctioned by the practice of ages in its application to particular cases 
not producing the effect designed by the Laws, which certainly would 
not be allowed to take place in a contest merely civil ; or when doubts 
arise sufficient to justify an application to the Legislature, it becomes 
the Duty of the Judiciary, thro' the Executive, to make such applica- 

I was directed by the Judges present at the Term before the last of 
the General Court to lay before the Legislature the following, subjects : 

First. It is a principle that no person interested in the event of a 
cause shall be admitted as a witness. Some of our acts appropriate 
penalties, fines, or forfeitures, or a part of them to the County or Parish, 
w to lessening the County Levy. 

Is an Inhabitant of such County or Parish a competent Witness? 
One of the Judges, whose opinion we deservedly respect very highly, 
*as of opinion that in England, the Decisions of whose Courts are re- 
torted to at least in questions arising upon the principles of common law, 
after a man was rated he was incompetent. If he could point out any 
error in the rating, he would have a right to a proportional deduction, 
bat that the mere circumstance that his proportion of the County Levy 
to be thereafter laid might be lessened, formed a contingent and not a 


1810. direct intere8t. A great majority however of the Judges consider t 
WUHaraa- q 11 ® 8 ^ 011 *& unsettled, and worthy of the interference of the Legistatu 

burg Second. The 8th article of the Bill of Rights declares that a man ca 

not "be compelled to give evidence against himself." If A, B, and 
then play at cards at a Tavern, and A be sworn to give evidence, ai 
alledges that if he answers as to that Transaction and so discovers as 
B and C he will furnish witnesses against himself, and thus lead to 1 
own conviction. Ought the Court to excuse him on such objection? 
One of the Judges, whose opinions would be very much respected 
a case even much less doubtful, was of opinion that a person thus ci 
cumstanced could not be compelled to give evidence against B and 
The other Judges think he should answer the question, but enterta 
some doubt as to the propriety of compelling him. As the practk 
however, has been so long in this way, they in conference determined 
adhere to it until the Legislature could be resorted to, but agreed to su 
mit to the Legislature whether in order to avoid all difficulty a L* 
should not be passed preventing the prosecution against such witnc 
upon evidence which may be so discovered. Having stated the subjec 
agreed in conference to be submitted to the Legislature, I shall take t 
liberty of stating some others. 

In the fourteenth chapter of the acts of Session begun in 1809, pass 
Feb'y 2nd, 1810, p. 15, It is u enacted that all escheats, confiscatioi 
Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures, and all rights in personal propc) 
accruing to the Commonwealth as Derelict and having no rightful p 
prietor, be, and the same are hereby, appropriated to the eneouragem« 
of learning, <fcc." Since the conference above mentioned, which tt 
place in June, 1810, I understand that some of the Judges in the Su 
rior Court of Law have acted under this Law under an opinion that 
Fines, penalties, and forfeitures, even if before otherwise ap propria 
and not to the Commonwealth, are embraced in it. Others have s 
posed that only the Fines, penalties, and forfeitures accruing to the Co 
inon wealth are embraced in it. When the same subject presents it 
in points of view so essentially different to the understanding of men 
highly respectable, what Power can solve the Difficulty except the Lej 
lature as to cases which may hereafter arise? The auditor in his raj 
sitions to Clerks as to Fines, &c, has, I am told, adopted the former c 
struction. In the Report of the Revised Laws, in 1792, the act to p 
vent the destroying and murdering Bastard children was included. 1 
Legislature struck out, or at least omitted, this act from the Code. I 
haps the coteinporaneous opinion of the moment was that the act v 
no longer in force, but the Court of Appeals having in some cases decit 
that the acts and parts of acts merely omitted in the revised Lawa 
passed are still in force, a difference of opinion prevails as to the pres* 
existence or non-existence of this act. This is surely a subject wort 
of the attention of the Legislature. 



The second section of the " Act to amend the penal Laws of this Com- 1810. 
monwealth," passed in 17%, enacts i4 That all murder which shall be wHHam'a- 
perpetrated by means of Poison, or by lying in wait, or by any other burg 
kind of wilful, deliberate and premeditated killing, or which shall be 
committed in the perpetration or attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, 
or robbery or burglary, shall be deemed murder in the first degree." 

The first section of the Act u to amend the laws heretofore made 
amending the penal Laws of this Com monwealth," passed in the Session 
begun in 1802, enacts that all murders which shall be perpetrated by 
means of poison, or by lying in wait, or by duress of imprisonment or 
confinement, or by starving, or by wilful, malicious and excessive whip- 
ping, beating or other cruel treatment, or torture, or by any other kind 
of wilful, deliberate and premeditated killing, or which shall be com- 
mitted in the perpetration or attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, rob- 
bery or burglary, shall henceforth be deemed murder in the first degree. 

Was it or was it not the intention of the Legislature that if a murder 
perpetrated by duress of imprisonment or confinement, or by starving, 
or by wilful, malicious and excessive whipping, beating or other cruel 
treatment or torture "these acts in themselves should supply malice, and 
a sufficient wilful deliberation and premeditation in the killing, or is any 
other wilfulness, deliberation and premeditation in the killing to be 
required ? 

The lenity of our countrymen to individuals, perhaps sometimes, 
induces them to adopt the latter construction. If the former be the 
sense of the Legislature would not the doubt be opened by inserting the 
new words "by duress, &c," to the word "torture" inclusive after the 
attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, robbery or burglary, which were 
in the first act, and then the sentence would read : 

"That all murders which shall be perpetrated by means of poison, ur 
by lying in wait, or by any other kind of wilful, deliberate and pre- 
meditated killing, or which shall be committed in the perpetration or 
attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, robbery or burglary, or by duress 
of imprisonment or confinement, or by starving, or by wilful, malicious 
and excessive whipping, beating, or other cruel treatment or torture, 
shall be henceforth deemed murder in the first degree;" and then might 
follow the clause as it now stands in the act of 1802 as to murder in the 
second degree, and as to the province of the jury in ascertaining in their 
verdict whether it be murder in the first or second degree. 

Some doubt has also arisen upon the 3rd and 4th sections of the act 
of 1802 above referred to. 

% the 3rd section, "whosoever shall wilfully, maliciously and of pur- 
pose stab or shoot another with intention," as in the clause mentioned, 
besides undergoing a confinement in the jail or penitentiary house, "shall 
*W>ieo?er pay a fine not exceeding $1,000, three-fourths whereof shall be 
fcfthe 086 of the party yrieved" 


1810. By the fourth section any party grieved under this act or under the act 

wnii'ams- to amend the penal I^aws, &c, shall be considered as a competent wit- 
burg ness, &c. 

It was decided in the General Court prior to the Revolution, that slaves 
maimed were within the act in the Edition of 1769, altho* the persons 
there designated are u his Majesty's mbjecU." 

But it has been contended that as slaves are incapable of property, 
and are not admisible witnesses against a white man, they are not within 
the Act of 1802. This subject was not laid before a conference, but it 
was mentioned to several of the Judges, who were of opinion that it 
should be submitted to the Legislature. Indeed, Humanity, as well as 
Expediency, calls aloud for their elucidation of the subject. I beg the 
favor of you to communicate these points to the Legislature. 

I am, <fec. 

P. S. There is another subject which I beg leave to mention. The 
6th Section of the Act passed in the Session of 1807 to organize and 
establish a Superior Court of Law in each county, <fcc, allows a Prose- 
cutor for the Commonwealth five dollars per day for every day he may 
be engaged in the public service, but not to exceed $50 per annum. I 
think myself restrained by the words of this Law from making any 
allowance for those days in which no Business for the Commonwealth is 
transacted, and in some of the Courts I have been unable to procure per- 
sons who would undertake the office. The Legislature will decide 
whether that body will amend or explain this clause. 

W. N. 

Jared Brookes to the Governor. 

Dec. 10, For the information of your Excellency and of the legislature of 

Louisville, vour State, I herewith enclose a map of the falls of Ohio at lowest 
water, with notes explanatory thereof; also a representation of the obsta- 
cles naturally and morally opposed to an improvement of this part of 

I hope the nature and importance of the subject which 1 have under- 
taken to represent, will justify my thus addressing your Excellency and 
entitle niv communications to the attention and consideration of the 
Legislature of the State of Virginia, to whom I request your Excellency 
to present them. 

I hold myself in readiness to attend to any communications which I 
may have the honor of receiving relative to this point. 

I am, tkc. 
* No map or other papers alluded to in this letter are found. — Ed. 


Henrico County, to-wit : 1810. 

I do certify that I have this day administered the oaths prescribed 
by law to be taken by the Governor or Chief Magistrate of the Common- 
wealth, to John Tyler, Esquire, viz: the oath of allegiance to the Com- 
monwealth; the oath of office as Governor; the oath prescribed by the 
act to "suppress duelling," and the oath to support the Constitution of 
the United States. 
Given under my hand and seal this 10th day of December, 1810. 

John P. Williamson. [Seal.] 


It has been intimated to this Department that sundry citizens belong- Dec. 19, 
ing to the State of Virginia, and others, have proceeded to locate Land War I > e P art - 
Warrants issued under authority of that State, upon Lands which have 
been already surveyed and sold to individuals by authority of the United 
States, to the westward of the Boundary Line run between the Source of 
the Little Miami and the Scioto, established by a Law of the United 
States, March 23d, 1804, and which has been legitimately recognized as 
the westermost Boundary Line in that quarter of the Lands reserved to 
satisfy the claims of the Officers and Soldiers of the late Virginia line 
upon Continental Establishment. 

To prevent as much as possible any inconvenience or litigation that 
might result from such incorrect procedure as is above stated, permit me 
to suggest to your Excellency the expediency of Instructing Colo. 
Anderson, the State Surveyor-General, that in future he add a clause to 
the authentication which he usually inscribes on surveys, stating expli- 
citly that the land there described is not surveyed west of the Boundary 
line run between the Source of the Little Miami and the Scoto, established 
ty the Law of the U. S., of March 23rd, 1804, nor on any land -prc- 
tmdy surveyed as land of the United States. 

Your Excellency will readily perceive the expediency of carrying this 
Ration into effect. 

I am, (fee. 

James Haslett to the Governor. 

I had the honor of addressing a Letter to you on the the 11th of Jan- Dec. 29, 
uar y ult., with propositions for the manufacturing of Arms for the Com- Baltimore 
monwealth of Virginia. 

Understanding that a Law was passed the last session of the Legisla- 


1810. ture authorizing you to receive proposals for the leasing the Armory, I 
BaMmore nave ^ken ^ e liberty of renewing my propositions. 

I will engage to supply the Commonwealth with as many Arms as 
they require, provided I may have the use of the buildings and Machinery 
of the Armory, rent free, which I will engage to keep- in good repair 
during the term of the contract, decay, use and accidents excepted, on 
the same terms as the United States give to individuals for manufactur- 
ing the different kinds of Arms. I will receive all the Storks and un- 
finished parts of work that are now on hand at their proper value, pro- 
vided I am permitted to work them in as part of the contract, I agree 
that the Commonwealth may deduct on delivery of each hundred Mus- 
kets, Pistols or other arms the amount for the materials so purchased 
that have been wrought in said Guns or Pistols, <fcc. The balance I will 
require immediate payment of, however if there are an over proportion 
of any one particular part of work now on hand that I may not be 
obliged to discharge the person or persons employed in such works. I 
will require the indulgence of the Commonwealth in not deducting the 
whole of the amount for such articles at the time of deliver}'. It will 
be necessary in the prosecution of so extensive a business that for the 
better providing materials to advantage that may be required, that the 
Commonwealth upon the delivery of such goods at the manufactury 
should guarantee the payment of them in conjunction with the subscriber 
to such person or persons from whom they were purchased. 

The Found rey and boring Mill will receive my particular attention, 
but not having at present an accurate knowledge of the expenceof manu- 
facturing Cannon, cannot state with precision what I can make them for. 
However, I will engage that part of the work on as moderate terms as 
they can be manufactured in Richmond. 

By a thorough investigation of the United States Factories in the gun 
wav and those of Richmond, I am confident it will be found that the 
arms, after calculating waste of materials of different kinds, otticers sala- 
ries, men on days' work, and incidental expenses that arc impossible to 
ascertain aecuratefy, cost considerably more than the terms I now ofYer. 

Having served a regular apprenticeship to the Gun-making business 
in all its various branches, both Military and Birding guns, and having 
manufactured Arms for tbe Commonwealth of Virginia on my own ac- 
count and superintended the making of the whole of the arms deliv- 
ered by McCormick, I hope it will not be supposed that I am not com- 
petent. However, if it should be doubted, I am personally — to Edw'd 
Lloyd, Esq'r, the present Governor of this State, and Rob't Wright, 
Esq'r, the late Governor (now member of Congress) ; by a reference to 
those Gentlemen, they can testify as to my abilities in the gun business. 
I can produce satisfactory certificates as to my abilities and character 
from Philadelphia, where I was appointed inspector of Arms by Gover- 



nor McKean, and continued as such till I removed into this State, and 1810. 
.v to my public and private character in Baltimore an investigation into ^^ore 
it will be considered an honor. 

I am, ifcc. 

Virginia : 

General Assembly begun and holden at the Capitol, in the City of 
Richmond, on Monday, the third day of December, in the year of our 
Lord 1810, and of the Commonwealth 35th. 

Wednesday, January 2nd, 1811. 

The House, according to the order of the day, proceeded by joint bal- 
lot with the Senate to the choice of a Senator to represent this State ii 
the Congress of the United States, to supply the vacancy which will be 
produced by the expiration of the term of service of William B. Giles, 
Esq.. on the third day of March next. 

The usual formalities having been performed appropriate to such occa- 
sions, the committee met a committee from the Senate, and jointly with 
them examined the ballots and had found a majority of the whole num- 
ber of votes in favor of William B. Giles, Esq. 

Teste: J. B. Pleasants, Jr., Clerk. 

The Bond of Charles Blagrove, as Register of the Land Office, dated 
the 8th day of January, 1811, with his securities in the penalty of ten 
thousand dollars, is filed. 

Henrico County, &c. : 

Charles K. Mallory and Linah Mims having been duly elected by 
the General Assembly of this State as members of the Council of State, 
produced a certificate of having taken the oaths prescribed by law 
before Dan. Z. Hylton, a justice of the peace for Henrico county, and 
Up»k their seats accordingly. 
Given under my hand this 8th day of January, 1811. 

Dan. Z. Hylton. 

J. D. to General T. It. 

I can inform you that those negroes, at least some of them, will not 

revolt, the}' are so attached to them that all persuasions will not do. I 

liave offered them $25 each when Richmond shall be ours. 1 have 




1811. though under my banner 100 or thereabouts, who is determined to fight 
January f or ug Keep every thing silent till that fatal night which will show to 
to the world that slavery will no longer exist in Virginia. 

The plans you laid down was good ; you say you have GO under you 
armed with guns, scythe blades, <&c, I have 20 armed with muskets, the 
rest with old swords, clubs. I think you say we can set fire to Todd's 
lane, and while the people are there we can set fire up the Town. Very 
good. I will divide my men in to 4 divisions. I will command 25. 
Peter the Bearer, the second ; Bob the third, and Henry the 4th. I will 
be stationed by or near the Capitol. Peter near the Eagle Tavern, behind 
them houses. Bob near the Market bridge on the right, and Henry on 
the left when the houses burn or the alarm is given. We shall set fire 
to the alley opposite the Bell Tavern. You lay off your men — conduct 
every thing with secrecy and we trust in God. If we succeed we will be 
very rich. We are moulding balls every night. 

N. B. — I have a small keg of Powder. 

Henrico County, to-wit: 

I, Nathaniel Seldcn, one of the justices of the peace for the County 
aforesaid, do hereby certify that I have on this day administered to his 
Excellency, James Monroe, the several oaths prescribed by the laws of 
this Commonwealth to be taken by the Governor thereof previous to his 
entering upon the duties of his office. 

Given under my hand this 18th day of January, 1811. 

Nath'l Selden. 

The General Assembly of Virginia view with the most serious concern 
the late attempts which have been made to obtain from Congress a re- 
newal of the charter incorporating the Bank of the United States. 

This Assembly are deeply impressed with the conviction that the origi- 
nal grant of that charter was unconstitutional ; that Congress have no 
power whatever to renew it, and that the exercise of such a power would 
be not only unconstitutional, but a dangerous encroachment on the 
sovereignty of the States; therefore, 

Resolved, That the Senators of this State in the Congress of the United 

States be instructed and our representatives most earnestly requested in 

the execution of their duties as faithful representatives of their Country 

to use their best efforts in opposing by every means in their power the 

renewal of the charter of the Bank of the United States. 

January 22nd, 1811. Agreed to. 

Robert Taylok, S. S. 

Jas. Bakbour, S. H. D. 
A copy from the original. 

Teste: J. Pleasants, Jr., C. II. D. 


Revived, That his Excellency the Governor be, and he is hereby, re- 1811. 
quested to transmit forthwith a copy of the foregoing preamble and reso- Januar y 
lution to each of the Senators and representatives of this State in the 
Congress of the United States. 

Jan'y 22nd, 1811. Agreed to by the House of Delegates. 

J. Pleasants, Jr., C. H. D. 

Henrico County, to-wit: 

This day William Robertson, Esqr., appeared before me a justice 
of the peace for the aforesaid County, and took the different oaths as 
the law directs, as a Clerk of the Council of State. 
Given under my hand and seal this 31st of January, 1811. 

William Price. [Seal.] 

General Assembly begun and held at the Capitol in the City of Rich- 
mond on Monday the third day of December in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand eight hundred and ten, and the Commonwealth the 35. 

January the 30th, 1811. 

The House according to the order of the day proceeded by joint ballot 
with the Senate to the choice of two additional Judges of the Court of 
Appeal*, made necessary by an Act of the present Session. The usual 
formalities being performed the Committee met a Committee of the Sen- 
ate and jointly with them examined the ballots and found a majority of 
the whole number of votes in favor of James Pleasants for one, and 
Francis T. Brooke, Esqr., for the other judge. 

Teste: J. Pleasants, C. H. D. 

In the house of Delegates, Friday, February 1st, 1811. 

The House, according to the joint resolution of both houses, proceeded 
h' joint ballot with the Senate, to the election of a Brigadier-General to 
supply the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Brigadier-General 
Peter Johnson, and also for the election of a Judge of the General Court 
to supply the vacancy occasioned by the promotion of Francis T. Brooke 
to the Court of Appeals. 

The usual formalities of such occasions being performed, the committee 
•net a committee of the Senate, and jointly with them examined the 
tallote, and found a majority of the whole number of votes in favor of 
John PumaU, Esq., for Brigadier-General, and for Peter Johnston, Esq'r, 
** Judge of the General Court. 

Teste, Wm. Munford, C. H. D. 


Francis T. Brooke to the Governor. 

1811. Your communication of my having been elected one of the additional 

February 2 j U( jg e8 f the Court of Appeals, was this moment received with great 
sensibility. Though difident of my ability to discharge its very arduous 
duties, yet a respect for public opinion when expressed by so honorable 
and disinterested an organ as the General Assembly, added to that warm 
attachment to public duty, which I trust I have at all times manifested 
in the several offices I have had the honor to fill, prompt me to accept 
the highly honorable and important one now conferred on me, and 1 cau 
only promise with confidence the same unremitted exertion of my feeble 
talents to merit this additional mark of the public favor. 

Accept for your self, Sir, the assurances of my great respect and 

Henrico County, to-wit: 

I Nathaniel Selden, one of the justices of the peace for the saiol 
County, do certify that William Wardlaw this day personally appeared 
before me and took the several oaths following, to-wit: the oath of fidelity 
to the Commonwealth of Virginia, the oath prescribed by law for a privy 
Councellor or Counsellor of State, the oath to support the Constitution 
of the United States, and the oath against duelling. 
Given under my hand this 7th of February, 1811. 

Nath'l Skldex. 

J\MKS I'lKASAXTS, Jr., To THE ( ioVI'.KNoK. 

February 2:», Enclosed is my commission, so lately received, as a Judge of the Court 
Goochland f Appeals. I wish you to consider this as my resignation of it. 

In coming to this determination, my mind has had a painful struggle. 
Many circumstances combining have at length determined me to con- 
clude on this as the most proper course. The wisdom of the Executive 
will enable them to select a proper character to supply the vacancy 
which 1 make, no doubt, will be ratified by the succeeding legislation. 

I am, t&c. 

March The Official Bond of John Staples as Superintendent of the Public a 
Manufactory of Arms, dated 18th of Feb'y, 1813^m4be penalty of Fiftjd 

Thousand Dollars, is on tile. .riaa^jiSft- .. i 


Wm. Leigh to the Governor. 

By an act of the Legislature passed in the session of 1805, no militia lsn. 
officer accepting a commission after that time can resign without having *jffj§ **' 
obtained the consent of the Regimental Court of enquiry or the Execu- C. H. 

I have accepted a Captain's commission since the passage of the above- 
mentioned law, and the object of this letter is to obtain from the Execu- 
tive permission to resign. 

I live at very considdrable distance from the limits of the company 
commanded by me, and the various other occupations which I have to 
attend to will not permit me to give proper attention to my militia du- 
ties. I therefore hope that leave to resign my commission will be 

granted me. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. II. Cabell to the Governor. 

I had the honor to receive last evening your letter of the 21st, inform- March 24, 
ingme that the Executive have appointed me a Judge of the Court of Montevideo 
Appealg to supply the vacancy created by the resignation of Mr. Pleas- 
ants. I am deeply sensible of the many proofs of confidence heretofore 
reposed in me by my country, and have too much gratitude for the past 
to fed ambitious of new honors. I 'certainly therefore did not expect 
the appointment now conferred on me, and if only personal considera- 
tions were allowed to operate perhaps I ought to decline the honor of its 
accepUmce. But whilst I should deem it highly unworthy to seek such 
an office, yet when called to it by those to whom the constitution has 
entrusted the power to dispose of it, I do not feel myself as a citizen at 
liberty to reject it. I have, therefore, to inform you that I accept the ap- 
]K)introent which the Executive have done me the honor to confer upon 
me. I do it, however, with much diffidence of my abilities for an office 
so high and responsible, but with a firm determination to devote an ex- 
clusive attention to its arduous duties. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest consideration, 

Your Excellency's obed't servH, 

D. Oarr to the Governor. 

Your communication of the 26th has been this moment handed to March 30, 
-ft NlrfeJtfeWf ^ e nonor to inform you that I accept the appoint- Chariot tes- 

"* s *"*" " enter on its duties. 



1811. Permit me, Sir, through you to tender to the Council my thanks for 

ChaHottes- *^ e con fidence reposed in me, and to pledge to them my best efforts to 
ville prove that it has not been misplaced. 

Accept for yourself assurances of my high respect. 

March 30 

Hugh Nelson to the Governor. 

Having consented to make a tender of my services to the Congres- 
sional District in which I reside, it is incumbent on me to lay down the 
judicial office which I hold under the Government. 

The Executive will therefore be pleased to accept this as my resigna- 
tion of the office which I hold as a Judge of the General Court. 

I had intended delaying this measure until after the coming circuits 
were passed, but learning that it is highly probable that an incident may 
soon occur which might produce some embarrassment among a portion 
of the Judges should I continue longer to hold the office, I have 
resolved at once to lay down the honor. 

My commission should have been sent, but it is mislaid and I cannot 

find it. 

I am, &c. 

April 2, 

S. Geo. Tucker to the Governor. 

The period has arrived when I must either submit to an oppressive 
and as I conceive unconstitutional act of the legislature, or by refusing 
to obey it afford some pretext at least for a charge of neglect of my duty 
as a Judge of the Court of Appeals, or resign my seat in that Court, I 
prefer the last. 

That the Act of the last session of the general Assembly respecting the 
Court of Appeals is oppressive, certainly cannot require further demon- 
stration, when it is shown that the duty assigned it by the Judges of that 
Court in not only doubled (or nearly so) without a recom pence, but 
imposes upon them the painful alternative either of abandoning their 
families altogether or removing them to Richmond under every disad- 
vantage of sacrificing their property and habitations elsewhere at an 
under rate, and establishing themselves in Richmond where the superior 
value of property, of house rent, and of every article of life must render 
such a sacrifice doubly inconvenient and oppressive. Such at least are 
the alternatives which present themselves in my own case. I could not 
without a sacrifice at least equal in value to my whole property in 
Williamsburg and its vicinity, establish myself and family in Richmond 
near as comfortably as we are at present in Williamsburg. Can such a 
gratuitous sacrifice be expected? 


Or if further proof of the oppressive operation of that act be required, 1811. 
is it not amply furnished from this circumstance that a Judge who is Rj c ftmond 
unwilling to make this gratuitous sacrifice of his property must either 
abandon it and his family altogether or resign his office? — an office 
which he accepted under no such condition, nor any other but that of 
good behaviour — a condition which evinced the Intention of the Foun- 
ders of our Constitution to be that the legislative executive and judiciary 
departments of the Government should not only be forever separate and 
distinct, hut independent of each other so far, at least, as to prevent 
cither of the three, or any two of them, from crushing or annihilating 
the constitutional Independence of the other. On a subject of such 
importance. I beg leave to avail myself of the language of the Court of 
Appeals in a remonstrance to the General Assembly, on a similar occa- 
sion, in which "they did not hesitate to decide, and in that decision to 
declare, that the Constitution and the Act of 1787 for establishing dis- 
trict courts were in opposition, and could not exist together, and that 
the former must control the latter," which mav be found on the records 
of that Court of the 12th of May, 1788. 

u In forming their Judgments (they observe), they had recourse to 
that article in the declaration of Rights, that no free Government or the 
feints of Liberty can be preserved to any people, but (among other 
things,) by frequent recurrence to fundamental principles, an article 
worthy to be written in letters of Gold. The propriety and necessity of 
the Independence of Judges is evident in reason, and the nature of their 
office since they are — decide between Government and the people as well 
as between contending citizens; and if they be dependent on either, cor- 
rupt influence may be apprehended sacrificing the innocent to i>opular 
prejudice, and subjecting the poor to oppression and persecution by the 
rich—and this applies more forcibly to exclude a dependence on the 
legislature, a branch of whom in cases of impeachment is itself a party. 
This principle supposed, the court are led to consider whether the people 
have secured or departed from it in the Constitution or form of Govern- 
ment. In that solemn act they discover the people distributing the 
governmental powers into three great branches, legislative, executive 
*nd judiciary, in order to preserve the Equipoise which they judged 
necessary to secure their liberty, and declaring that those powers be kept 
separate and distinct from each other, and that no person shall exercise 
*& office in more than one of them. The Independence of the two for- 
mer could not be admitted, because in them a long continuance in office 
wight be dangerous to liberty, and therefore they provided for a change 
ty frequent elections at stated periods ; but in the last, from the influence 
°f the principle before observed upon, they declared that the Judges 
would hold their offices during good behaviour. Their independence 
*onl£*have been rendered complete by fixing the Quantum of their 


1811. salaries, which perhaps would have been done if the duties of their ol 

Richmond na( * ^ een a ^ * na * ^ me ascer ^i nt ^ > But although it was not then di 
yet in respect to this constitution gives a principle not to be depai 
from, declaring that the salaries shall be adequate and fixed, leavin 
to the Legislature to judge what would be adequate when they she 
appoint the Duties, and when they had done so, they exercised the wl 
power over the subject, and the salary was thenceforth to be considc 
as fixed while the duty should continue the same. And when pu 
utility should require an increase or diminution of duty, there she 
be an analagous alteration of salary with this restriction, howe 
that such regulation should not blend the Duties of the Judges of 
General court, court of Chancery, and Court of Admiralty, which 
Constitution seems to require to be exercised by distinct persons, 
the Legislature appear to have so considered it in the arrangement of 

" But the act (of 1787 for establishing district courts) now under < 
sideration presenting a system which assigns to the Judges of the CI 
eery and Admiralty Jurisdiction in common law cases, which so fan 
be considered as a new office, the labor of which would greatly ex< 
that of the former without a correspondent reward, and to the Judge 
the general Court Duties, which, though not changed as to their subji 
are yet more than doubled without any increase of salary, appearec 
evident an attack upon the Independency of the Judges that they fo 
it inconsistent with a conscientious discharge of their duties to j 
it over. For vain would be the precautions of the founders of our C 
ernment to secure liberty if the Legislature, though restrained f 
changing the tenure of judicial officers, are at liberty to compel a resu 
lion by reducing to a copper, or by making it part of the official dut 
become l Hewers of Wood and drawers of Water.' " 

The applicability of these remarks to an act increasing the heavy 
already enormous Duty of one hundred and twenty-six days' attend* 
in a Court of the last resort, overwhelmed with complicated and perp 
ing Business, to two hundred and fifty days in the year without the » 
sent of those who are thus required to perform it, and without any c 
pensation for the double duty thus imposed upon them, is too strikin 
require comment. And were the same venerable characters who t 
composed the Supreme Court of this Commonwealth still in existe 
and holding the same offices, I doubt not that they would on this, as 
that occasion, have declared "That they ought not to do anytl 
officially in Execution of an act which appeared to be contrary to 
Spirit of the Constitution." 

These Sir are not the only reasons which have operated with mi 
the present occasion. For three and twenty years that I have had 
honor of serving my Country in the Office of a Judge either of the j 


era! Court or the Court of Appeals, I have felt an honest pride in the 1811. 
fidelity with which I have endeavored to discharge my duty according Rj c ^ m0 nd 
to the best of my skill and Judgment. A generous Legislature interposed 
its shield to repel the shafts of villiany, malignity and slander which 
were on a former occasion aimed at my character. My gratitude for 
this noble act of Justice towards me will be commensurate with my life 
should it he prolonged even to centuries. I will not contrast with such 
exalted feelings those which the report of the Committee of the House 
of Delegates, who were appointed to enquire into the causes of delay in 
the Court of Appeals at the last session of the General Assembly was 
calculated to excite. If instead of oblique censure conveyed in hypo- 
thetical presumptions the committee had proceeded to a full and candid 
investigation of Facts, they would probably have furnished me with 
another occasion for the Expression of similar sentiments. Or if in their 
zeal for discovering what number of causes had been decided by the 
Court upon agreement, the Committee had turned to the Reports of Mr. 
Washington and Mr. Call, they might have discovered that those Gentle- 
men have rejiorted only four hundred and thirty-one causes decided in a 
period of thirteen years, when the venerable Judge Pendleton presided 
and was assisted by four other Judges, making an average of thirty-three 
causes in a year, which is but one more than half the number which 
they report to have been decided last year. Or had any member of the 
Committee ever attended the Court or been conversant with the nature 
of the Business therein, his attention would probably have been directed 
to other causes of delay than the casual and possibly unavoidable absence 
of one or more Judges on the first day of a term of forty-four or fifty- 
five days duration. I shall take the liberty to mention some of them. 
1st. Arbitrary appeals. 

2. The smallness of the sum for which an appeal lies. 

3. The number of Courts from which appeals now lie. 

4. The trivial Errors for which writs of supersedeas may be granted. 

5. Voluminous Records, extending often to hundreds of pages. 

G. Voluminous, contradictory, and perplexing Depositions and other 
evidence contained in those records, and the duty of deciding Facts as 
well as Law in all but common law cases. 

7. Voluminous reports of the commissioners in chancery, with the 
Exceptions and answers thereto, respecting intricate, perplext, and often 
unintelligible accounts and Transactions. 

8. The unavoidable length of the arguments of Counsel arising from 
the preceeding causes. 

9. The number of counsel engaged in every cause of any importance 
to the parties. 

10. The examination of witnesses viva voce in cases of wills, mills, &c. 

11. The frequent abatement of suits by the death of some of the par- 



1811. ties, and the difficulty of making new parties and of convening them 

Rkn^oml MaTe thc court - 

1 2. The novelty and difficulty of many cases which are brought before 

the Court for decision. 

13. Thc time necessary for the Judges separately to peruse such 
voluminous records, to comprehend and decide upon thc weight and 
conflicting evidence, and to investigate and decide the several questions 
of Jaw or Equity arising out of each particular case according to uni- 
form principles. 

14. The interruption frequently given to such an examination of the 
cases argued in court by Petitions for allowing ap|>eals and writs ofi super- 
sedeas, which not only occasion such frequent interruptions, but add very 
considerably to the labour of the Judges oiti of court, of which no traces 
ap(K;ar upon the records of thc court. 

Some of these causes, Sir (for they did not all exist till within a few 
yciirs past), and perhaps some others have contributed to swell the 
Dockctt of the Court of Appeals from the small number of nineteen 
in November term. 1787, to four hundred and twenty-two causes in 
April, 1804, a period of sixteen years and a half. At the latter period 
I had the honor to become a member of the Court. I speak with confi- 
deuce when I assert that not less than nine hundred and sixty causes 
have been disposed of since that time. I will not be positive as to the 
precise number of those which have been decided upon solemn argu- 
ment in not a few instances engrossing three, four, five, and even six 
days each; hut according to my notes, the number exceeds those re- 
ported by Mr. Washington and Mr. Call together during a period nearly 
double. Exclusive of these causes, the daily multiplying petitions for 
appeals from Decrees of the Superior Courts of Chancery and for writs 
of Supersedeas to Judgments at Common Law, which have been pro- 
seiited to the .Judges of our Court and rejected during the Terms, the 
number of which cannot be ascertained, ought not to be forgotten. Tli<* 
number of causes on the Dockett the first day of last October terr*" 1 
amounted not quite to five hundred and twenty, making an increase «>■ 
about one hundred suits within the last seven years; though the num- 
ber of Coiuts from which Appeals may now be brought is more th** 1 
four-fold, and the cases in which the Judges may now be called upon to 
decide out of Court during the term, are also very much increased i* 1 
number by allowing petitions for appeals not only from final Decrees i fl 
Chancery as formerly, but also from interlocutory Decrees, and even froi"* 1 
the Refusal by a Judge of either of the Courts of Chancery to grant * 
Hill of Injunction, and from an order of dissolution. The interruption 
which thes<» last causes occasion to the Judges in term time is almost 
incalculable, and they contribute their full proportion, not only to the 
labour of the Judges, but to the procrastination of the Decision of 
causes under their consideration. 


I hope, Sir, that I shall be pardoned for the length of these remarks. 1811. 

A * I *> 

The insinuation, however indirect that the delays in the Court of Ap- Rjn^oiid 
peals might possibly arise from a neglect of Duty in the members of it, 
as it was among the last in which I could have expected to have been in 
any manner implicated, imperiously demanded such a refutation from 
one who earnestly invites and will ever be ready to meet the strict- 
est inquiry. 

The March term, as formerly prescribed by law, having ended yester- 
day, and the Court having thought proper, in compliance with the late 
act, to adjourn to this day, I am under the necessity of making my elec- 
tion either to conform to the opinion of the other members of the Court, 
or to resign my seat therein. 

Whatever personal Inconvenience I may be exposed to by resigning 
an office which I accepted under a full confidence that it would afford 
me an honorable and competent support for life, the conditions upon 
which I must henceforth hold it, should I continue to do so, are so much 
more grevious than any thing that I am willing to apprehend from a 
contrary course, that I have resolved to make the sacrifice which a just 
sense of Duty to my country, to my family, and to my own character 
seem to demand. I therefore beg leave to notify you, Sir, as the first 
Magistrate of the State, my Resignation of the office of Judge of the 
t°urt of Appeals, and I do resign the same accordingly, 
sennit me to assure you, Sir, of my sincere respect and esteem. 

I am, &c. 

•James Monroe, Governor, to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

* laving accepted from the President of the U. States an appoint- April 3, 
,u ^t»t to the department of State, 1 am no longer the Chief magistrate of Richmond 
Jl *< Commonwealth. I have convened the Council to-day for the pur- 
l K **^ of communicating this event. 

In reconciling my mind to this measure, I have experienced great con- 
ue, **~i. Recollecting as I shall never cease to do with the most heartfelt 
3,r ^-litude the many strong proofs of confidence and kindness which I 
^'Ve received from the General Assembly, it has been impossible for 
lri *^ to withdraw from this station without feeling in an eminent degree 
"^o force of this sentiment. Conscious, however, that in going into the 
^Heral Government, I am guided by some devotion to the interests of 
u *y country, which prompted me to accept the office which I now resign, 

indulge the most confident hope that the measure will be approved. 
The anxiety insuperable from this measure is much diminished by a 
^Uowledge that the best interests of the Commonwealth are not to be 


1811. injured by it. I am happy in the reflection that I leave them in safe 

RfcnmoDd and experienced hands. 

In transferring to you the duties of the office, which is vacated by my 
acceptance of an appointment under the General Government, I feel 
regret at the additional burden which is thereby imposed on you. I am 
confident, however, that the opportunity which it affords you to render 
greater services to your country cannot be unacceptable to you. 

With sentiments of high respect, 

I am, &c. 

James Allen to the Governor. 

April 4, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 30th 

Shenandoah xilto. by the express, Mr. Jackson, notifying me of being appointed by 
the advice of the council of State a Judge of the General Court in the 
room of Hugh Nelson, Esquire, resigned. The act establishing a supe- 
rior court of Law in each County makes it necessary that the person ap- 
pointed to a vacancy should after his appointment reside in the circuit 
for which he was chosen. I have no doubt but this would be dispensed 
with until the Executive appointment should be confirmed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, but when that was done I have as little doubt that resi- 
dence will be considered indispensible, unless the Legislature should re — 
peal that part of the Law, which can scarcely be supj>osed. Were I - 
therefore, to accept of the appointment which the Executive have hon 
ored me with, and that appointment be confirmed by the next Genera 
Assembly, it would become necessary in order to retain it on my part, t 
remove to the circuit assigned to Mr. Nelson. 

I have not sufficient knowledge of that part of the State to enable ni* ^w 
at present to decide upon such a change. 

When I come to view that part of the country 1 may be decidedly -M^\j 
opposed to a removal thereto with my family, and of course have t^~ to 
resign the appointment. This would, in my mind, be not only capr —«" ri- 
cious, but improper. 

Upon this view of the case I consider it proper on my part to declir - 
accepting of the appointment. In doing this I hope no injury will resiL^L-^ u ^ 
to the Circuit, although there may be no Courts held there in this term^ """in- 
I enclose the Commission you were so polite as to forward me. Althouj__^ Mgh 
a high sense of duty com pel Is me to decline the appointment, be assure — ^ed 
I fully appreciate the confidence reposed in me by yourself and t^— ~Mhe 
Council of State. 

Be pleased to present to the members of the Council of State i - ny 
sincere thanks for their friendship and good wishes towards me, a— i~ Jid 
believe me to be with the truest respect and esteem, 

Yours, &c. i 



William Catb to the Governor. 

Permit me to lay before your Excellency a statement of Facte. The 1811. 
British Schooner Union, some time in the month of February last, put ^iRTf^ 
into this port in Distress, the crew of which consisted of a Master, a 
Mate, and four seamen, two of which were slaves said by the Mate pre- 
vious to his death to be his property. The day after the arrival of the 
Schooner, the Captain, Joseph Holmes, stabbed the Mate, Mr. John Van 
Auden, who lingered some few days and died. The Captain, apprised 
of the approaching death of the Mate, took the Bills of Sale, the only 
evidence of the property, the slaves being the Mates, advised the slaves 
to say they were free, then fled from Justice, and the Schooner sailed 
commanded by some other person. I have since got possession of those 
v 'wy Bills of sale, and in consequence of it being rumored abroad that 
these were free men, I had them carried before the Court of Norfolk 
fioro'; the one declared himself to be the very slave, and the other per- 
listed in it that he was free. However, the Court concluded that they 
would retain them until they heard your Excellency's determination on 
the subject, being under the impression that they were imported into this 
State contrary to the tenor of the Act of General Assembly, entitled an 
act to reduce into one the several acts concerning slaves, &c., chapter 
WlL, the 4th section of which contains a number of exceptions — and I 
consider that slaves coming as Mariners and as part of a crew of a ves- 
sel not directly bound here but drove here against their will by distress, 


j a one of those embraced by the latter clause of the section. The Court 
niean to lay this circumstance before your Excellency. I trust your 
Excellency will not disapprove of the Liberty I have taken to write you 
°>i the occasion. Having administered on the Mate's Estate, which is 
considerably in debt, and am ready and willing to enter into bond and 
8 *xuirity to remove them beyond the State agreeable to law. Permit me 
a g^in to beg the favor of your acknowledgment of the receipt of this 
* v ith your determination thereon (if I am consistent). 

I am. &c. 

Be it known to all to whom these presents shall come, that we, Kenj'n April oq 
K V>reve, D. Sheriff for Charles Bennett, Sheriff of the County of Lou- 
doun, and Augustin Smith, D. Sheriff for Wiley Hoy, Sheriff of the 
bounty of Fauquier, in our full counties held at the court-houses thereof 
c> n the 8th day of April, 1811, in the county of Loudoun, and on the 
^2d in the County of Fauquier, Respectively by the electors of our said 
Respective counties, qualified according to law, caused to be chosen a 


1811. Senator for the District composed of the said counties, namely, Jol 
Apnl 20 SQQtt to represent the same in General Assembly. 

Given under our hands and seals this 27th day of April, 1811. 

Benj'n Shreve, for Charles Bennett. [Seal.] 

Augustin Smith, Deputy Sheriff for 

Wiley Roy, Sheriff of Fauquier. [Seal] 

Robert Nelson to the Governor. 

April 29, Your letter of the 27th of the month covering a commission to me 
York Co. one f t ne Judges of the General Court, I have this moment receivi 
It is with great regret that I am compelled to refuse the appointmc 
which the Executive have done me the honor to confer on me. Pern 
me, Sir, through you to assure them that I appreciate this testimony 
their good opinion very highly, and that the refusal is produced by t 
peculiarity of the circumstances in which I am at present placed. 
I return the Commission enclosed. 

I am, &c. 

Rigii'd Corbin to the Governor. 

May 12, In obedience to the Law pointing out the manner in which returns 

Kiog & ^ ne Representatives elected to serve in the Congress of the United Stat 
shall be certified, I herewith enclose you a certificate of the election 
John Roane, Esq., for the District composed of the Counties of King 
Queen, King William, Essex, and Caroline, which I flatter myself y 
will find correct. Be pleased to acknowledge the receipt of the cert 
cate as soon as convenient, and in so doing oblige, 

Yr's, &c. 


May 17, I n pursuance of an Act of Congress, relative to the Virginia Milifc 

War Depart- reservation, dated August the 10th. 1790, a List was furnished by t 
Department to the Executive of Virginia, containing the names u of 
officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishing 
By the conflagration of the war office the copy of that List, together * 
many of the original Records, from which it was extracted, were, i 
presumed, destroyed ; and a reference to those remaining being not o 


tedious in process, but in many instances unsatisfactory in result, I am 1811. 
induced to request that your Excellency will be pleased to cause this warlWart- 
Department to be furnished with a copy of the same. m«nt 

I am, <fcc. 

James Allen to the Governor. 

I have the honor of your letter of the 20th ulto. informing me of my July 2, 
appointment as a Judge in the General Court in the room of Judge Shenandoah 
Coalter, translated to the Court of Appeals Bench. 

I have also received the commission therewith enclosed. I shall not 
attempt to describe my emotions towards the Executive for this second 
evidence of their confidence. I shall only say that the high respect I 
entertain for them and the deference I have for the opinion of my friends 
has determined me to accept of the appointment. Upon making one 
tour through the circuit, I will be enabled to form a more correct opin- 
ion upon the propriety of my continuing to hold the office (should the 
legislature in their wisdom think proper to confirm it). But should I 
find it incompatible with my situation to remove, I hope I will not be 
thought capricious in resigning. This I will be enabled to do during the 
setting of the next assembly. 

Permit me, through you, Sir, to present my sincere thanks to the mem- 
bers of the Executive council for the honor they have been pleased to 
confer upon me, and believe me to be with sentiments of high respect 
and esteem, 

Y'rs, <fec. 

P. N. O'Bannon to the Governor. 

Owing to my absence from this place I had not the honor of receiving j u iy 4 
)'°ur friendly and polite answer to my letter of the 20th of April last, Rnigftviile, 
un til last evening. 

I thank you for your communication, and as I contemplate visiting 
tochmond this fall will then have the pleasure of receiving from my 
na "v*e State a present of real value to me, as it will be a flattering proof 
°' the approbation of my public conduct, which I consider as the most 
Pleasing reward for my services. 

* am much pleased to know that the Sword and Belt are of Virginia 
•materials and manufactured there, as it proves our independence of 
^ Ur ope, and also the progress of our infant Manufactories — and while a 
Urter lives we never shall want articles. 

I am, <fec. 


Rob't Moseley, Jr., to the Governor. 

1811. I have just received your letter of the 12th Inst., and in obedience 

New Canton ^ iere *° ^ iave *he honor now to inform you that in compliance to the in- 
structions of GovY Tyler, of the 20th of July, 1810, I have leased the 
Buck'm Furnace Lands in two tenements for the term of five years, com- 
mencing the first of January last, and have inserted sufficient covenants 
to prevent waste and to have the premises well enclosed. Those lands 
heretofore, I am sorry to inform you, have been very much depredated 
upon; most of the valuable pine timber has been cut off it. 

This property has heretofore rented never for more than 70 dollars per 
annum. It is now leased for $175 per annum, to be paid on the first 
day of January of each year. 

The monies due for rents when I was commissioned to superintend 
this property, I have succeeded (with some little difficulty) to collect, 
which shall be paid into the public treasury when I go to Richmond, 
which will be in the course of ten days, and a statement of accounts 
lodged in your department. 

I am, tfce. 

John Coalter to the Governor. 

October 24, I have duly received yours of the 21st Inst., informing mc that my 
Richmond letter to the Executive of the 1st of June last had been mislaid, and re- 
questing a copy if I had kept one. 

I am sorry that it should be necessary to lay a copy of that letter be- 
fore the Legislature, as it was written in a hurried moment, and that cir- 
cumstance not foreseen or suspected at the time it was written. 

I have found my rough copy of that letter, from which I copy the 
enclosed, and beg that if it is compatible with your duty it may not be 
laid before the Legislature. 

I am, (fee. 

Richmond, June l*t, 1811. 

Geo. W. Smith, Erfr, TAeutermnt-Govemor of Virginia: 

Sir, — I am sorry that imperious circumstances have put it out of 
my power to make an earlier reply to your letter covering a commission 
to me as Judge of the Court of appeals. 

Before accepting the high honor conferred on me by the Executive, it 
became my duty to weigh the consequences, at least so far as they re- 
lated to myself. 


As they relate to my Country I fear my utmost exertions and zeal for 1811. 
the public service which is all I can promise, will fall far short of what 
the community ought to possess in a Judge of that Court. As they 
relate to myself — independent of the consideration that the legislature 
may find it inexpedient to confirm your appointment, they are very 
serious. My pecuniary means do not admit of a permanent establish- 
ment with my family in Richmond, and the labour at present required 
of that Court, were it to continue for life, would be beyond the strength 
of my constitution. 

I find however that there is every reasonable ground to expect that 
these labours will not be perpetual, and that at no great distance of time 
a constant residence in Richmond will not be necessary in order to dis- 
charge the Duties of the Office; under this expectation and belief, and 
relying on the justice and magnanimity of my Country I have thought 
proper to accept the office with which I have been honored. 

I have been thus particular not only as affording some apology for my 
delay in accepting the Office, but that in case my expectations to realize 
which my best exertions shall not he wanting, should prove vain, any 
future course I may be Migcd to take may not bear the imputation of 
inconstancy or caprice. 

I do therefore hereby notify the Executive of my acceptance of the 
Office of a Judge of the Court of Appeals to which they have been 
pleased to appoint me. 

Your obt. servant, 


Chas. Simms (Pres't), Hugh Smitii, Jacob Hoffman, Isreal 
Lacey and Burr Powell to the Governor. 

The President and Directors of the Little River Turnpike Company Dec. 2 
having completed the Little River Turnpike road from the intersection Alexandria 
°f Duke Street, in the Town of Alexandria, with the south west line of 
">e District of Columbia, to the ford of Little River, and eight miles of 
Sa ul road not having been yet viewed and examined, respectfully request 
y°Ur Excellency to appoint three skilful persons to voice and examine 
toe same agreeably to the 7th section of the act entitled an act to incor- 
porate a company for establishing a turnpike road from the intersection 
°f Duke Street, in the Town of Alexandria, with the south west line of 
toe District of Columbia to the ford of Little River, where the turnpike 
ro ^d crosses it, and the act to amend the same. 

We are, &c. 


1811. The Commonwealth of Virginia, to-wit: 

Know you that it having been duly certified to me by Charl 
Simms, Hugh Smith, Jacob Hoffman, Israel Lacey and Burr Pow< 
Esqrs., the President and Directors of the Little River Turnpike compar 
that they, the said President and Directors of the said Company, ha 
completed the said Little River Turnpike road from the intersection 
Duke Street, in the town of Alexandria, with the Southwest line of t 
District of Columbia to the ford of Little River, and that eight miles 
the said road have not yet been viewed and examined, and the as 
President and Directors having requested the appointment to be made 
three skilful persons to view and examine the same agreeably to the 7 
section of the act, entitled " An act to incorporate a Company for esta 
lishing a Turnpike road from the intersection of Duke street, in t 
Town of Alexandria, with the southwest line of the District of Columh 
to the Ford of Little River, where the Turnpike Road now crosses i 
I have, therefore thought it proper, pursuant to the said 7th section 
the said recited act, and do hereby accordingly appoint you, Humphr 
Peake, Stephen Beard, and Charles Tyler, Jr., to view so much of t 
said Turnpike Road as hath not been heretofore viewed and examine 
and report to me whether the same is so far executed according to t! 
meaning of the said recited act. 

Given under my hand and under the seal of the Commonwealth 
Richmond, this 7th day of December, in the year of our Ix>rd 1811, ai 
of the Commonwealth the thirty-sixth. 

Geo. W. Smith. 

Humph. Peake and Stephen Beard to the Governor. 

1812. Certifying the view and examination of an additional eight miles 

January 30 the Liule Riyer Turnpike Road, and that the same has been execut 

according to the meaning of the act authorizing its construction. 

In the House of Delegates, Jummry 7th, 1812 

On this day, by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assemb 
the Honorable Peter V. Daniel was duly elected a member of the Exe* 
tive Council to supply the vacancy occasioned by the appointment of " 
late George William Smith to the office of Governor. 

Wm. Munford, C. H. I> 


Henrico County, to-wit: 

This day Nathaniel H. Claiborne, elected a member of the Privy 1812. 
Council by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly, aj>- 
j>e£ired before me, Nathl Selden, a Justice of the peace for the County 
aforesaid, and took the oath of fidelity to the Commonwealth, the oath 
to support the Constitution of the United States, the oath of the Privy 
Oouncellor, and the oath prescribed by the act to suppress duelling. 
Civen under my hand this 8th day of January, 1812. 

Nath'l Sklden. 

nrico County, to-wit : 

I do certify that I have administered the oaths prescribed by 
w, to be taken by a member of the Privy Council, or Council of State, 
\xx*to James Wood. 

<jiven under my hand this 8th day of January, 1812. 

Natii'l Selden, 
A Justice of the Peace for said County. 

Menrico County, to-wit : 

I do certify that I have administered the oaths prescribed by 
W. to be taken by a member of the Privy Council, or Council of State, 
u *ito Peter V. Daniel. 

Criven under my hand this 9th day of January, 1812. 

Natii'l Selden, 
A Justice of the Peace for said County. 

E. Gerry to the Governor. 

I am again called on to perform a duty mournful in the extreme, but January 14, 
^ r uteful to my feelings as it respects the weeping Richmond. .P 0810 . 1 * 

r Fhe Legislature of this Commonwealth having expressed in terms Chamber 
%v Hich require no comment, their affectionate condolence "on the sudden 
ai ui awful calamity " which be r el that afflicted city, I have the honor to 
ev *elo3e their resolutions on the subject. 

Permit me, Sir, to repeat the high estimation and respect with which 
*- r ernain your obed't Servant. 

I*- S. On the 6th Inst, the Supreme Executive agreed to wear the 
burning usual on such occasions for the session. 


1812. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

January 14, 

Boston The members of the legislature of this Commonwealth, deeply af- 

Ch amber fected by the sudden and awful calamity which has deprived the State 
of Virginia of its Chief Magistrate and the city of Richmond of many 
distinguished inhabitants, by a conflagration in its effects unexampled 
in the history of their country, can not for bear the expression of the 
unaffected sorrow and sympathy which they, in common with their con- 
stituents, feel on this melancholy occasion. 

In testimony whereof, It is Resolved, That we will wear the usual 
badge of Mourning on the left arm for the space of twenty days. 

Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor, be requested to transmit 
a copy of this Resolve to the Executive of the State of Virginia, to be 
communicated as may be thought proper to the legislature of that 
State and the afflicted inhabitants of Richmond. 

In Senate, January 9th, 1812. 
Read and passed. Sent down for concurrence. 

Sam'l Dana, President 

In the House of Representatives, January 10th, 1812. 
Read and unanimously concurred. 

Joseph Story, Speaker. 

Council Chamber, ISth January, 1812. 


E. Gerry. 

Secretary's Department, liUh January, 1812. 

The forogoing is a true copy. 

Attest : 

Benjamin Thomas, 
Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

In the House of Delegates, Wednesday, January 22, 1812. 

On this day, by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly, 
the Hon'ble James Allen was elected a Judge of the General Court of 
this Common wealth, to supply the vacancy occasioned by the resignation 
of the Hon'ble John Coalter s 

Wm. Munford, C. H. D. 


In this House of Delegates, Wednesday, January 22, 1812. 1812. 

On this day, by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly, 
the Hon'ble Peter Randolph, Jr., was elected a Judge of the General 
Court of this Commonwealth to supply the vacancy occasioned by the 
resignation of the Hon'ble Win. H. Cabell. 

Wm. Munford, C. H. D. 

In the House of Delegates, Wednesday, January 22, 1812. 

On this day, by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly, 
the Hon'ble Daniel Smith wjis elected a Judge of the General Court of 
this Commonwealth to supply the vacancy occasioned by the resignation 
of the Hon'ble Hugh Nelson. 

Wm. Munford, C. H. D. 

By the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia — A 


Where s Various complaints from militia officers and others of the 
inconvenience of the uniform (now established) have been made to the 
Exwutive of this Commonwealth, for remedy whereof, I have thought 
fit, by and with the advice of the Council of State to issue this procla- 
mation, prescribing the Uniform of the Militia of this Commonwealth to 
be as follows : 

For the General Officers. — A dark blue coat, skirts lined with bull", 
cajie, lajds, and cufTs buff, yellow buttons, gold epaulets, (one on each 
shoulder) black cocked hat, with black cockade and black stock. 

For the Artillery. — A blue coat, skirts lined with red, cape, lapels and 
curls red, vest buff, overalls blue, edged with red, yellow buttons, a 
corked black hat with red cockade. 

For the Light Infantry. — A dark blue short coat, with half lapels, 
ca|>eand cuffs white, white lining and buttons, vest white, and overalls 
blue, with white seams, black half boots, black stock, a round hat, cocked 
on the left side, with black cockade. 

For the Grenadiers. — A dark blue coat, cape, lapels, and cuffs white, 
white lining and buttons, white vest, and blue overalls with white seams, 
black half l>oots, black stock, cocked hat, with black cockade. 

For the Riflemen. — A linen hunting shirt of purple color, with overalls 
of the same, leather mockisons or shoes, round hat, cocked on the left 
side, with black cockade and black stock. 


1812. For the main body of the Militia. — A blue hunting shirt, trimmed 

with red fringe, blue overalls with red seams, round hat cocked on the 
left side, with black cockade and black and red plume, black gaiters or 
half boots; the officers' uniform to be dark blue coat, cape, lapels and 
cuffs red, white lining and buttons, white vest, blue pantaloons with red 
seams, black stock, cocked hat with black cockade. 

For the Cavalry. — A short dark blue coat, with yellow buttons, white 
lining, half lapels, cuffs and cape red, white vest and leather breeches, 
jack boots, spurs, black stock and black leather cap, dressed on the crown 
with bear skin, and decorated with a light blue sash and red and white 

The officers of the main body of the militia, of the light infantry, 
grenadiers, riilemen and cavalry, to be distinguished by epaulets of sil- 
ver; the officers of artillery to be distinguished by epaulets of gold. 
The field officers to wear two epaulets, the captains one on the right, and 
the subalterns one on the left shoulder. All officers to wear side arms 
and boots. 

Provided, however, That where any troop of cavalry, company of 
artillery, grenadiers, light infantry, riflemen, or the main body of the 
militia, shall have provided themselves with an uniform different from 
that herein prescribed, they are respectively permitted to wear the same 
for six months from and after the date hereof. 

Given under my hand as Governor, and under the seal of the Com- 
monwealth, at Richmond, this twenty-third day of January, in the year 
of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and of the Com- 
monwealth, the thirty-sixth. 

[Seal.] Js. Bakbour. 

1». Tatk to the Governor. 

January 27, 1 had the honor of receiving your Excellency's favor of the 2">th Inst. 

Richmond j a ^ j u ^j ie evc . nm <r Q f the same day, accompanied with a letter from the 
Governor of Massachusetts, and a copy of the Resolutions of the Gov- 
ernment of that State expressing their sympathy, and that of their con- 
stituents on the late ever to be deplored awful visitation with which this 
city hath been afllictod by the conflagration of the Theatre. 

The letter of the Governor, and the resolutions of the constituted 
authorities of the State of Massachusetts, I have submitted to our fellow- 
citizens through the medium of the public papers, being the course I 
had given all the communications received from cities, Boroughs and 
committees on the mournful occasion — which have been so numerous, 
and so very expressive of a participation in our Sorrows, that even in 
those gloomy hours 1 trust they afford some consolation to the mourners, 


that their irreparable losses are feelingly deplored by our Bretheren 1812. 

throughout this great confederation of Republiks. Richmond' 

All communications directed to me I have acknowledged, and presum- 
ing Governor Perry's will be by your Excellency, I conclude I have dis- 
ci liirged all required of me. 

I am. &c. 

Hunn Nelson and Tmos. Gholson to the Governor. 

The undersigned having been appointed by the Virginia delegation in February 5, 
CTonjrress a committee to devise the most efficacious method of support- Washington 
in# the claims of the Virginia revolutionary State troops against the 
United States for lands, request of you such information on the subject 
**>* you may be able to afford, and within as short a period as may suit 
your convenience. 

We have the honor to be, Sir, 

Yours, &c. 

*<> Hi* Excellency the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia: 

Sir, — Pursuant to the 2nd Section of the Act entitled " An Act 

mcorporating a company to have a road from the western extremity of 

the Little River Turnpike road through Ashby's Gap to Shenandoah 

lvl ver, passed January 30th, 1810, a meeting of the subscribers to said 

*-°inpany took place at Paris on the 18th day of November last past, by 

a co.ll of the Commissioners, at which time and place the undersigned 

xv or«? elected officers of the said Company to conduct the business 

thereof for one year, and until such other officers may be chosen by a 

1 Majority of the votes of the subscribers given in person and by Proxy 

* I vi 1 ^. authorized. 

Oiven under Our hands this 11th day of Dec, 1811. 

Burr Powell, President; 
James Hixon, 
Sydxor Bailey, 
Daniel Vernon, 
Joseph Carr. 

"VVm. Sharp (Lt.-Oolonkl 54th Regiment) to the Governor. 

^)n thursday last the 20th Instant, departed this life Brigadier-General February 24, 
^*^*oinas Mathews. I have communicated this melancholy event to Col. Norfolk 



1812. Cropper of Accomac, who is now the Commandant of the 9th Brigade. 

Norfofk 24 ' Considering that the Executive should have early official notice of the 

death of General Mathews, and believing some days must elapse ere 

Col. Cropper can notify the same to the Executive, I have taken the 

liberty to make this communication to your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 

March 0, 

John Chopper, Jr., to the Governor. 

I received last night a letter from Colonel William Sharp of the 54 1 
Regiment, announcing the death of Brigadier-General Thomas Mathews- 
that he departed this life the 20th ultimo. As by this melancholy eve; 
the command of the ninth Brigade devolves on me as senior officer, 
feel it my duty to give your Excellency immediate official notice the 

I am, <fcc. 

March 28, 

Edmi:xi> Christian to the Governor. 

I take the liberty of addressing you in order to acquaint you of CM. ie 
death of the Hon'blc Sam'l Tyler, csqr., Judge of the Chancery distri ct 
Court holden at this place. He died very suddenly this morning at 5 
o'clock, and believing that your Excellency will conceive it all import»Jit 
that an appointment should be made as early as possible, as our nc^ xt 
term will commence on the first day of April next, I hasten to inform 
you of tliis sudden dissolution. 

I am, ivc. 

Confession made before John Flovd and Ilcnrv Edmonson, J usticea^ of 
the peace for the County of Montgomery, on the 2nd of April, 1812, ty 
a negro man now in the jail of said County, who calls himself Tom,r»-™l 
says he is the property of John Smith of the County of Henry in L^ ,s 
State, who he (Tom), murdered on monday, the 23rd day of March 1 *wt 
past as he confesses, being instigated thereto by a woman the propc? ***->* 
of said Smith by the name of Celia. 

Question. Have you any knowledge of other negroes other than tJk\v 
woman before mentioned who are disposed to rise in order to kill tt*° lT 

Answer of Tom. I know of a great many — thirty or forty who apf** 3 ^ 1 
to be instigated to kill their masters by a negro man in the County*" ° 


Rockingham, N. Carolina, by the name of Goomer, who is called by the 1812. 
negroes a conjurer. A negro man Jack, the property of the widow Wit, 
told me to kill my master; that I could not be hurt for it, and that 
('loonier would conjure me clear, and that when they got fixed they 
intended to rise and kill the white people. That George Uarsten of 
Henry was to be jioisoncd by himself (Jack), the poison to be furnished 
by Goomer. That W. Hill was to lx* waylaid and shot by Tom, boy, 
the pro]>erty of (master not known to him), and one of Goomcr's men ; 
and he was to be paid 200 lbs. of Hemp for it by W. Hill's Hannah. 
Major Redd of Henry was to be poisoned by Jack, the poison to be 
furnished by Goomer. 

Cclia told me that the widow Pcnn's Jim of P. C, who has a wife at 
Mr. Staples in Henry, that if he was in my place he would not serve 
Ny master any longer, but wait till he could meet him coming home 
trunk and kill him, but that he must not kill him in the plantation. 
he negroes in the neighborhood said that these British people was 
bout to rise against this Country, and that they intended to rise some- 
lI *ie in next May. That they were buying up guns for the purpose. 
Hat they said they were not made to work for the white people, but 
*oy (the white people), made to work for themselves; and that they 
the negroes), would have it so. That the plan in that neighl>orhood 
as first to break oi>cn Ned Staples' store in order to get the Guns, 
owder, etc., out of it — that they would then raise an army, Goomer was 
> be one of their head men, and George Powell's Harry another. Mrs. 
V r it's Jack said he would make haste and learn all he could (being at 
he time nearly equal to Goomer in conjuration), and get as high as he 
ould. The negroes in the neighborhood said they were glad that the 
►eople were burnt in Richmond, and wished that all the white people 
lad been burnt with them. That God Almighty had sent them a little 
rlell for the white people, and that in a little time they would get a 
rreater. That the negroes in his neighborhood had sent word by — , a 
ne^ro waggoner for Mr. Staples, of their plans to the negroes at Lynch- 
burg and received for answer to bo ready in May next. The plan was 
to rise about the middle of May in the night and do all the mischief 
they could before they were found out. That I said when he was in 
Lynchburg the white people were draughting and exercising, but what 
waM that — it would do no good, and that when the negroes rose they 
^ouJd put a stop to it. That there were ten negroes for one white man. 
Question. Did you ever hear them say whether they intended to 
J Urd €r the white women and children, or not? 
Answer of Tom. I never heard them say. 

Question. How did you hear that the British were about to rise 
'**inst this country. 



1812. Answer. It was heard from the poor people in the neighborhood, and 

by hearing the newspapers read. 

He further stated that he was to have killed his master some time 
before. That on Saturday he was to kill him, and that he and his mas- 
ter passed two or three miles together, but he could not That he and 
the negro woman (Celia) had a further conversation about it on Sunday 
night, and the next day about 1 o'clock he killed him. That when he 
returned to the house on the evening, the negro woman (Celia) asked 
him if he had killed his master. He told her he had. She told him to 
take a horse and clear himself. He told her he did not wish to go then, 
that thev would think he had killed his master. She told him he must 
not stay there, that if he did she would be brought in with him ; on 
which he started, and that he met with a negro woman of a Mr. Hall's 
in Franklin. That he told her he was a runaway, and that he had 
killed his master. Also that the negroes were shortly to rise against the 
white people. She said they could not rise too soon for her, as she had 
rather be in hell than where she was. 

John Floyd, 
Henry Edmoxdson. 

John Floyd and Henry Edmondson to the Governor and Mem- 

bers ok the Council. 

April 10, The underwritten, John Floyd and Henry Edmondson, Justices of 
Mont- y 10 p oace f anc | f or tj lc County of Montgomery, would respectfully rep- 
resent that since taking the above confession we have thought it advis- 

able and a duty incumbent on us to make known to your honorable 
body the enclosed confession, together with a few reflections, the resutt 
of our inquiries: 

It appears from information that the prisoner Tom had been in the 
neighborhood where he committed the murder not more than six o* 
seven months. That he is young and artless, and till the crime of which 
he is now charged, was under a good character. He was induced t<> 
make the above disclosures under an impression that it would be th c 
best atonement now in his power for the offence which he has committed* 
and that a full and honest confession might possibly recommend his ens* 4 -' 
to the consideration of vour honorable bodv, and we feel ourselves hound 
to state that in his communications to us he appeared to be governed 1»* 
principles of truth and rectitude, as he could have no inducement t& 
implicate persons who were innocent, and from his short stayintl» € 
neighborhood, and the distrust of the negroes who did not know bo** 
far they could with safety develop the nature of their conspiracy, hedi^ 
not obtain full information with respect to their conspiracy, he did n^^ 


obtain full information with respect to their meditated rebellion. As far 1812. 
as we have been able to judge from the information of persons coming jU"| lt . 
immediately from his neighborhood, who came to remove him to the gomery 
County of Henry, he appears to be entirely correct as well with respect 
to the characters mentioned in his confession, as with respect to the time 
and manner alluded to; and we have no hesitation in believing under all 
the circumstances, that an attack is meditated by the blacks, and that a 
deep and extensive plan is now in agitation against this country, and in 
troubling your honorable body with the foregoing remarks, the under- 
signed have no other apology to offer than that in the present situation 
of our Country, it is not we apprehend an extravagant idea to conclude 
that the negroes are under an impression that it is now in their power 
to liberate themselves, and that such steps may be taken for the purpose 
of obtaining the testimony of tlie prisoner (Tom) as to your honorable 
body may be deemed the most advisable, is the object of your most 

Obed't servants, 

John Floyd. 
Henry Edmondson. 

Note. — Since the above discoveries the undersigned would further 
^present to your hon'r body, that from the most respectable information 
a spirit of rebellion is very obvious in this country, and in places where 
tlie greatest humility and obedience had hitherto been observed, by us 
this 10th day- of April, 1812. 

Wm. Eustis (Secretary) to the Governor. 

lam instructed by the President of the United States to call upon the April 15, 
Executives of the several States to take effectual measures to organize, Wa J J ^«f ,irt " 
ar "i; and equip according to Law, and hold in readiness to march at a 
moment's warning their respective proportions of one hundred thousand 
Militia— officers included — by virtue of an Act of Congress past the 
10th iinit., entitled " An Act to authorize a Detachment from the Militia 
°f the United States." 

This, therefore, is to require of your Excellency to take effectual 
,r| eans for having Twelve thousand of the Militia of Virginia (being her 
( luota) detached and duly organized in Companies, Battalions, Regi- 
ments, Brigades, and Divisions within the shortest period that circum- 
stances will permit, and as nearly as possible in the following propor- 
tions of Artillery, Cavalry, and Infantry, viz.: One-twentieth part of 
Artillery, one-twentieth part of Cavalry, and the residue Infantry. 
There will, however, be no objection on the part of the President of the 
United States to the admission of a proportion of Riflemen duly organ- 



1812. ized in distinct Corps, and not exceeding one-tenth part of the whole 
War^Depart- ( l uo ^ a °f t" e States respectively. Each Corps should be properly armed 
ment and equipped for actual service. 

When the Detachment and organization shall have been effected, the 
respective corps will be exercised under the officers set over them, but 
will not remain embodied, or be considered as in actual service until by 
subsequent orders they shall be directed to take the field. Your Excel- 
lency will please to direct that correct Muster Rolls and Inspection 
Returns be made of the several Corps, and that copies thereof be trans- 
mitted to this Department as early as possible. 

I am, Arc. 

April 15, 

Samuel McUuike to the Governor. 

Whenever we are compelled by the insolent and perfideous conduct of 
a foreign government to relinquish the happy situation in which our 
Country so long has flourished, and resort to war, it becomes a duty in 
every citizen to make a solemn declaration of his determination to sup- 
port his government in the prosecution of such war to the utmost limit 
of his means. 

In compliance with this duty, and under the impression that an appeal 
to arms is inevitable, I take the liberty of reiterating to your Excellency 
a tender of services made to the Executive of Virginia in 1S10, on receiv- 
ing the appointment of Major in a Regiment of Volunteer Ritlemen to 
have been commanded by Colo. MeFarland. 

Aware of the importance of the station in which I ask to be employed, 
it is with dillideuce 1 make the oiler. However, should I be honored 
with the confidence of vour Exeellenev and the Executive council, mv 
zeal and attention to the service will, I hope, enable me successfully to 
combat my want of experience. 

I am, cVA". 

Anril 1(5, 

James Faulk nek to the Executive. 

Being commissioned as a Captain in the old Regiment and 3 Division 
of Virginia Artillery, you will please accept this as my Resignation 
thereof. The Public Arms which I have receipted for to the Superinten- 
dent of the Armory will be delivered up upon receiving orders from your 
Hon'ble Body so to do. 

I am, iV:c. 



Wm. Sharp (Lt.-Colonel 54tii Regiment) to the Governor. 

I hasten to acknowledge to have received your Excellency's letter 1812. 
under date "Richmond, March 31st, 1812," containing orders forthwith j^rfolk 
upon the receipt, to cause an inspection to take place of all the arms 
heretofore delivered to the Regiment under my command, and to rejwrt 
their condition without delay to the Executive department. I have 
issued the necessary orders, and will comply with those of your Excel- 
lency as far as it is in my power. I avail myself of the present opj>or- 
timity to beg leave to call your Excellency's attention to my letter of the 
1 2th Inst., and in addition thereto as a further ground to show the 
necessity of a compliance with the request therein contained (especially 
as regards the Virginia made arms), to state that it is impossible for me 
to make a correct report of the arms that have been received by the 54th 
Uejriment, either before I had the command or since for the following 

Because no report has ever been given to me by my predecessor, nor 

was it in his power to have done so in consequence (independent of 

many other causes,) of the immense loss of the Public Arms in the 

great fire at this place during his command, the amount of which never 

was ascertained, although every effort under the law was made by him 

for that purpose; he could have obtained this information in no other 

way than by calling in the remaining arms and redistributing them, 

which measure the law did not authorize, and consequently was not 

done ; and if I mistake not the Executive were made acquainted at that 

time with all the circumstances. 

I cannot make a correct report of the anus received by me during my 
cmmnaiid, because, among other things, I was absent from Norfolk before 
ami during the whole time the arms of this Regiment underwent, by 
"r<kr of the Executive, by their special agent, the proof that caused 
nttat numbers to burst, of which no report has been made to me by 
Major Lindsay, who was the commandant in my absence, nor have I 
btwi able to obtain this report. Indeed, 1 have been informed that no 
hlanu' can properly be attached to Major L. on this account, in conse- 
'JueiK-e of the loss by accident of the documents. 

Itaauso from the nature and particular situation of this place, persons 
sl,h ject to Militia duty to whom public arms have been delivered, are con- 
stantly coming and going, removing from place to place, and in many 
Stance* carrying their arms with them, and never again, either man or 
,),l,s ket, heard of ; and this will be forever the case under the present 

\ Vs toni. I have, indeed, collected manv stands of arms from the neitfh- 

f • • . . . . 

coring counties that have been carried awav,and in one instance received 

a "Uisket from Petersburg through the agency and politeness of Col. 

J ^ r ne. I trust I shall be excused by your Excellency if I endeavour to 


April 18, 


point out a remedy for this great evil, and to ask the consent and aid of 
the Executive, should the plan be approved, to carry it into execution 
without loss of time. 

I am persuaded that the expenses will he much less to the Govern- 
ment than otherwise will be the amount of loss in the public arms should 
the present system be continued; and what is of all imi>ortance by the 
adoption of the plan now proposed, there will be a certainty of having 
the arms at all times in perfect good order, ready at a moment's warning 
for service ; whereas on the contrary, as the arms are now distributed 
one-half or more perhaps are constantly out of order, and are only 
brushed up on the day or the day before each parade, and then not fit 
for service. 

The plan I submit to your Excellency is to authorize the establish- 
ment of a place of general de]>osit where such part of the arms of each 
company shall be racked separately as shall be considered impolitic to 
be trusted in the hands of persons not permanently to live in this Town; 
a man competent to be employed to be constantly at the place, whose 
duty it shall be to clean, repair, and keep all the arms in good order, and 
to deliver and receive them each day of parade and wherever necessary. 

I again respectfully request that what is asked in my letter of the * 1 2th 
may be granted, and that your Excellency may be pleased to answer 
that letter and this at an early day. 

I am, cvx. 

[*This letter was not found. — Ed.] 


April 27, 

1 accept the commission you did me the honour to present. This un- 
solicited boon of Executive confidence is more highly prised by me 
from the critical moment at which it is conferred. The only return I 
can expect to make whensoever my country ma)' call for my services, is 
to carry with me an entire devotion to her honor and an ardent zeal to 
sustain the glory of her arms. In these qualifications I may venture to 
hope I shall not be entirely deficient. 

The seal of State has not been allixed to the Commission. It is re- 
turned that the omission may be supplied. 

I am, etc. 


W. Eustis (Secretary) to the Governor. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's let- 1812. 
teraof the 17th and 18th instant, and I am instructed hy the President war P Depart- 
to express to you the great satisfaction derived from the prompt and ment 
energetic measures which have l>een adopted for calling out the Militia 
on the requisition of the 15th instant. The protection and defence of 
the harbor of Norfolk and the Seaboard have not failed to engage his 
attention; an additional BUpply of arms and munitions have been 
ordered to that quarter. 

In making the detachment of Militia, regard will, of course, be had to 
their locality, and to the particular defence of Norfolk ; and I beg leave 
t») suggest to your Excellency the expediency of forming and organizing 
two or three companies of Artillerists from the vicinity of that place, 
with directions to the commanding officer to report when their organiza- 
tion shall be completed, to the commanding officer of the port, in order 
that they may be in readiness at a moment's warning to repair to the 
stations which may be allotted to them. 

I am, tfce. 

James Faulkner to the Governor. 

Having received papers by last mail containing General Orders of the M ay i 
Mh Inst., I take the liberty to enclose for your Excellency's Information Martinsbnrg 
a correct return of my Company, and situation of the arms and ordnance 
which is in my possession, and if you will authorize me to have any 
repairs or alterations made that we can act with greater effect in case of 
a necessity to use them, it shall he immediately attended to on receiving 
jour instructions. 

As a duty I owe to myself and the men whom I have the Honor to 
command, I will state to your Excellency the reason I then had for wish- 
ing to resign my command. At our Parade I wished the Company to 
volunteer their services, and as the Volunteer Law had not reached here, 
some evil disposed persons circulated a report that the term of service 
was five years, and it was not my intention to go with them. Not know- 
ing anything of the report I immediately wrote my resignation. Now if 
it is not too late I hope your Excellency and the Council will not notice 
it, as it is my particular wish and the wish of the Company for me to 
retain the command until our affairs is settled. 

T am, &c. 


John Tyler, Jr., to the Governor. 

1812. Actuated by a desire to take an active part in the approaching crisis 

r| M * y rt °^ our na ^ ona ^ affaire, and disdaining to )>c considered wanting in patriot- 
County ism, many citizens of this county have concluded to form themselves 
into a Volunteer Company. The principle object of the Association is 
to exempt the 52nd Regiment from a Draft, although some of them 
would be willing to march under any respectable officers who may be 
placed over them, yet all express a great desire to have Officers of their 
own choosing, and to be regularly organized as an indei>endent company. 
I am well convinced that if they could be gratified in their wishes, the 
company would be completed in a day ; but that otherwise it will be a 
difficult matter to obtain the requisition except by draft. 

I cannot conceive any reasonable objection to organizing and commis- 
sioning new Volunteer Companies. It certainly is preferable to raise the 
quota from this State in that way to any other. If a draft be resorted 
to, some of the most indifferent men may be obtained, whereas Volunteei 
Companies are generally, if not always, composed of the stoutest and 

This consideration together with the distress incident to a draft in 
separating persons from their families, who in their absence may experi- 
ence all the misery arising from want, will, I trust, induce you to grant 
our request. 

A speedy notification of your determination on this subject will be 
thankfully rece'd. 

I am, tfce. 

Francis M. "Boykin to the Governor. 

May f», Having understood that Major Robert R. Taylor, of Norfolk Borough, 

w'*hf p f ii ^ as ^ ecn P romo * C( l *° * ne ran k of Col. of the horse, and consequently it 
will be necessary for the Executive to supply the vacancy occasioned by 
his promotion, I have taken the liberty to drop the Executive a few line* 
on the occasion, recommending Captain Richard \\\ Ryrd as a fit ami 
proper person to supply that vacancy, and as one of the most expert and 
alert officers of that department to supply the vacancy occasioned by th« 
promotion of Major Taylor. Capt, Ryrd is an officer of superior mili- 
tary talents, and who would distinguish himself if ever opportunity 

At this eventful moment when the horrors of war threaten to seize or 
our Country, an officer of his skill would be most materially missing ii: 
the field. I have seen at various times the Cavalry of the differen 


Regiments on parade, and have never seen one to surpass that commanded 1812. 
by Capt. Byrd, and in my opinion not to equal it. Is?e of 

Wight C. H. 
I am, &v. 

Eusha Boyd (Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Sixty-seventh 

Reoiment) to the Governor. 

I received the orders of General Singleton yesterday enclosing a copy May 7, 
of your General orders of the 19th ult. I observe in your General a Ins urg 
Order that Capt. Harrison's Rifle Company, from the 67th Reg't, is 
ordered entire, and Capt. Faulkner's Company of Artillery from Jeffer- 

There has never been a man the name of Harrison who commanded a 
Company in the 07th Regiment since my recollection. The Rifle Com- 
l*any attached to the 67th Reg't was raised by Captain Jeremiah Evans. 
On his removal from this State a Mr. Mason, Lieutenant, succeeded to 
the command of the Company. He has been recommended as Captain 
(as I have understood), but has not received his commission. This, I 
presume, is the Company intended to be ordered entire. I shall by 
next mail forward to you recommendations for the officers, and shall 
consider this company the one ordered unless otherwise instructed. I 
presume also that Capt. Faulkner's Company of Artillery from Berkeley 
is the one ordered. I shall immediately have these Company** mustered, 
ascertain the number of men, including officers, and be prepared to 
make up the additional number required from the 07th regiment when 
the regiment convenes. I shall order the regiment to meet as soon as 

The bearer of this letter, Mr. Waggoner, will return to this county 
previous to the meeting of the regiment, and I should be glad to know 
from you whether I shall consider Mason's Company of Riflemen and 
Faulkner's Company of Artillery the two entire Companies ordered 
from the regiment. 

These company s each exceed c 00 men, and I flatter myself will not 
be excelled by any Companys in this division. They want nothing but 
experience. You will receive enclosed recommendations for several 
officers. All of their recommendations have been enclosed to the Execu- 
tive excepting the last, but no commissions have been received. I hope 
you will cause the commissions to be made out, and enclose them to me 
by the bearer, so that the)' can be delivered to the officers before the 
Regiment convenes. 

I am, &c. 



Elisiia Boyd (I/t-Col. ComVt 67th Recj't) to the Governor. 

1812. Capt. James Faulkner, of the Artillery, has this moment called on m 

Martmsbt'ire an( ^ ni f° rme d me that he some time since forwarded to you his resigns 
tion ; that you are fully possessed of the reasons then operating with hii: 
for thus acting, and that on the first of this month he wrote you request 
ing that his resignation should not be received by the Executive — tha 
he had determined on continuing in commission in consequence of 
prospect of war; and his company being called into service, he is ea 
tremely anxious to retain the command of the company, and if the sei 
vices of the company should be required they are ready to march. 

If the resignation of Capt. Faulkner is accepted at this time our coin 
try will sustain a considerable loss. He is a man of military pride an 
ambition, and for his opportunities is not excelled by any ollicer in thi 
State. He has about 60 men, the most of whom are men of prid 
ambition, and possessing considerable property. On such men we mo 
rely if called into the field. Unless it should be too late, it is the wis 
of Capt. Faulkner to recall his resignation. If his resignation has bee 
accepted, I hope he will be reinstated, to take rank agreeable to the da 
of his former commission. Mr. Tabb, the bearer of this Letter, set? oi 
immediately for Richmond, and will return direct to this place, whic 
will afford an immediate opportunity of letting me know the pleasure < 
the Executive, which will be important previous to the meeting of tl 

I am, &c. 

William Tateham to the Governor. 

Mav 10, Parson Walke, by whom I wrote your Excellency this morning, bavin 

Princess returned home to set off for Richmond again to-morrow, I transmit v° 

a rough copy containing fifty-six pages of the report desired, withot 

detaining it for a fair transcript. If it is printed (which perhaps in th 
present state of things may be deemed proper,) I would be glad to 1> 
favored with a few impressions, which may enable me to obtain assis 
tancc and revise mv ideas at better leisure. 

In this event I request that the appendix may be increased by insert- 
ing the substance of my defence of Norfolk, my telegraphic drawings 
&c., and my general precautions against insurrection, «&c., with an inde* 
for sake of more easy official reference. The Hints towards fortifying 
Norfolk, &c, you carried with you to Richmond, the other two can b* 
furnished by Mr. Monroe. These will form more than one hundred 
pages in Octavo with plates which will be the most convenient method 
of printing such a series, and I hope the desire I have to render them 


useful in the public offices will merit paper and print. If they are not 1812. 
printed, I rely on you having copies made and saving for me the rough x^f^gj 
originals. Anne 

There will then remain of the task I have thus prescribed to myself — 
1. A notice of the defence of Cape Charles. 2. The fortification of com- 
manding points in this lower country, with the reasoning in each par- 
ticular case. 3. Shell and shot proof fortifications in water. 4. Prepa- 
ration of fire rafts in Lynhaven, &c, perhaps a hundred or more pages 
of these with drawings remain unfinished in the hands of the President 
or Secretary of the Navy. 5. Economy in the conveyance of troops, 
military stores, *fec. 6. Barrack economy. 7. The organization, plan, 
and discipline designed for a corps of maritime Infantry, &c. 8. A 
design for ensuring more authentic maritime intelligence and for more 
effectually preventing illicit intercourse with the enemy. 9. Reprinting 
and multiplying scarce and valuable works of Military use. 10. Design 
for establishing Boards of works and public economy ; besides my pro- 
fessional avocations as a civil engineer and the completing of my volum- 
inous topographical engagements. 

I shall endeavor to complete some of the surveys which a sudden rup- 
ture will put us most in need of till 1 hear further from your Excellency. 

1 am, &c. 

Edmund Lucas to the Governor. 

I have accepted the command of the fifteenth Brigade of militia, and May 11, 
am at aloes to know what ought to be the uniform of my staff. You Green8vil,e 
will be so good as to write to me as soon as convenient what should be 
the uniform of each individual of them. 

I am. &c. 


of State. 

hi pursuance of the wish of the Council of State, expressed in their May 12, 
advice of — ultimo (which entirely corresponded with my own), sug- lilcnmontl 
psting the propriety of my visiting in person particular portions of the 
Eastern Frontier of the State for the purpose of collecting such informa- 
tion as would aid the Executive in making arrangements for a co-opera- 
tion with the General Government with a view to the defence and pro- 
tection of the State against invasion, I left this place on the 21st of 
April, and pursued what is generally styled the riverside road. My ob- 


1812. ject in doing so was that from its contiguity to the River it is presumable 
Ri*f^ ond * Q ^ ie even ^ °f invasion that our Enemy would avail themselves of this 
road were they disposed to attempt a stroke at the Capital. 

The most prominent places on this road are Tollman's Tavern, six 
miles from this place; Jackson Fraaer's, eight miles; New Market, 
twelve miles; Cross Roads, 14 miles; Four mile creek, 17 miles; Turkey 
Island creek, about 19 miles; Shirley Hundred, twenty -two miles; West- 
over, twenty -nine miles. 

The Country through which this road runs is intersected with num- 
berless ravines, deep and difficult of passage, and commanded by ele- 
vated hills, presenting most excellent positions for military operations. 
The face of the Country, generally speaking, immediately contiguous to 
the road, is covered with forests in their original state, or such as have 
grown up since industry has declined and the country has been aban- 

It follows that the approach of the Enemy could be only by the high- 
way. The only points at which an invading enemy would probably 
debark on the north side of the river, are at the confluence of Four mile 
creek, Woodson's Ferry, Westover, or Sandy Point. At the former the 
Enemy lay during the Revolutionary war; from the landing runs a road 
intersecting the river side road at New Market, distant from this place to 
the river, three miles. This road continues to the #tage road, distant 
eight miles, but so small as to be impracticable for the operations of an 
army, and along which it is next to impossible for them to proceed. 
Upon this view of the subject a concentration of our defensive means 
might take place without fear of being circumvented by the enemy. 

At Woodson's Ferry, however, a road lends so as to intersect the main 
river side road at about two miles distant from the river, and continuing 
till it intersects the stage road, but lower down than the cross road above 
alluded to. This road is practicable from its appearance at the cross 
roads, and 1 believe is so to its junction with the Stage road; its 
character, however, 1 could not learn from any person whom I had au 
opportunity of seeing. I can not believe that an enemy will ascend as 
high as either of these points, and 1 was therefore less solicitous about 
possessing very particular information on the .subject. The reason of the 
opinion here expressed is that the shallowness of the water prevents the 
approach of any but small vessels. The soundings of the river as col- 
lected from the most respectable sources accessible to me, will be detailed 
entire, so as to possess the council at a glance of the depth of water from 
Newport News (where the James River is lost in the roads,) to Harrison's 
bar, several miles below the point, a description of which I have 

This objection will also apply to a debarkation at Westover in almost 
the same degree ; in addition to which the progress of an invading 


Enemy could be easily arrested by a position to be taken on Turkey 1812. 
Island Creek. A small force relying upon this creek as a protection to x^Jhrnond 
its right, and a lofty eminence for the left, would confine the Enemy to 
the road, which may be rendered inaccessible by temporary redoubts 
and abbatis, and as far as my very limited experience enables me to 
judge, would present a most desirable point. Westover is rendered re- 
markable frpm its being selected during the last war by the Renegade 
Arnold for the debarkation of his troops when upon his predatory expe- 
dition to the metropolis. Should a landing be effected at Sandy Point, 
which is about forty miles below this place, the Enemy would be con- 
strained to take the river-side road in its approach to this place, and of 
consequence be subject to all the impediments as above detailed, or 
would be compelled to take a circuitous route to make their way to the 
Stage road through a country presenting nearly the same outlines of 
character as the one already described. 

There is no maimer of Marine defence on James River, unless it be 
fort Powhatan, formerly Hoods. This is literally nothing but a scare- 
crow. It had on the 22nd of April, when I visited it, 14 men and a 
Lieutenant, without a piece of ordnance, or any of the munitions of war. 
Its position is by land about 33 miles from this place, on the south side 
of James River, in the County of Prince George. The Fort stands on a 
bluff sixty feet high, covering £ an acre of land protecting a water Bat- 
tery (large enough for 12 Guns) in the form of a crescent. The position, 
naturally, is extremely strong. There is a small creek or estuary above 
and below the fort, a deep ravine entirely surrounding the bluff, except 
a small tongue of land not above sixty or seventy yards in width ; the 
summit of the hill may be in extent an acre and a half. Unfortunately, 
the fort covering only one-third of this, a large space is left upon which 
an enemy might obtain a lodgment and annoy the garrison. If it had 
taen enlarged so as to embrace the whole summit, it would have given 
it an entire command of the passage of the ravine and have rendered it 
formidable. The River at this place is only 500 yards wide, and from a 
large swamp extending from the opposite shore and forming a consider- 
able bar for some distance in the river, vessels are compelled to approach 
within a stone's throw of the fort and Battery, and in its approach 
would be exposed to their united fire, without the possibility of retalia- 
tion. The Crescent form of the Battery enables it to attack as the ship 
approaches, passes, and departs. One defect, however, exists in the 
arrangement of this fort, and, indeed, all which I have seen, viz., that 
their founders never seemed to have permitted themselves to believe 
that they were to be attacked by land, and hence no adequate means of 
defence have been adopted for the repulsion of such an attack. 

After visiting the fort, I recrossed James River to Westover, and 
reached on the evening of the 22d the residence of Judge Tyler, distant 


1812. from Westover 9 miles. From Judge Tyler's I proceeded on the mori 

Richmond " l ^ °^ ^ e ^^ *° Chickahominy, 13 miles. This river at this place ma 
be from 4 to 800 yards in width, and shallow and unfit for purposes 
navigation, and by consequence affording no communication to a hosti 
Meet. From thence to James Town, 16 miles. This place renden 
illustrious in the annals of America as being the first spot inhabited I 
our ancestors in the new world, and long the Metropolis of Virginia, e: 
hibits nothing of its former grandeur to satisfy the eye of the curioi 
Traveller, except one or two private houses, its arsenal in a ruinous coi 
dition, the steeple of the church, and sepulchral monuments erected b 
a pious posterity to the memory of their worthy ancestors. I markt 
the traces (faint, indeed, and only discovered by being pointed out) 
the first fort said to be erected by Capt. Smith. 

The Island of James Town is situated directly on James River, soira 
what upwards of sixty miles below this place, washed on the South I 
the River and surrounded by a small estuary of the River. It is the 
miles in length, containing about 2,000 Acres of land, and is separaL 
from the mainland by a stream 200 yards wide in its narrowest part, ai 
in low tide capable of being forded directly at its junction with theriv- 
Tradition states that the Island was once a peninsula, and that 1>> 
small canal being cut for the passage of a Fisherman's canoe the ti 
has extended this small beginning to the width above mentioned. Tl 
can readily be believed when it is further stated that the River L 
advanced upon the Island 100 yards. There was a small fort upon tl 
Island during the revolutionary war, the traces of which are still visiL. 
The channel of the river at this place is described to be so near the she 
say 250 yards, that were a fort erected here it would be impossible fo»- 
vessel to escape its influence, altho' the river is from two to three mi 
in width, yet the navigation is impracticable except in the channel, ~"i 
proximity of which to the shore as above stated would give a £ 
established there an imposing attitude. Its insular situation would, 
some degree protect it from all attack by land. On the 24th I left Jan 
Town, and passing through Williamsburg reached York; I had 
opportunity of viewing the ground which was so often travelled by * 
contending armies of the revolution. 

Independent of the interest which this reflection produces, there 
nothing to excite attention except indeed a camp long occupied by th 
Marquis J^aFayette. This was at a mill about two miles below Williams 
burg, and from its position must have been happily selected. Notwitli 
standing the smallness of his force, and his contiguity to York he kej 
the noble Earl in check, and it served as a rallying point to the Amer 
can Army, which finally invested York. 

The fortifications at this latter place have yielded in a great degree 1 
the changing hand of time. There is still, however, enough left to di 


cover the principle fortifications erected by the British immediately 1812. 
around the Town. The outer works are scarcely visible. A redoubt KjJhraond 
immediately contiguous to the Secretary Nelson's house is quite apparent, 
and is in the angle of the Town parallel. York is situated upon an ele- 
vated bluff, and its inhabitants boast much of their harbor. 

This latter circumstance had much influence upon Cornwallis in select- 
ing it as a port from which their projects of invasion were to be carried 
on. This scheme, however, depended entirely upon his master's retain- 
ing a superiority at sea, in which being disappointed by the arrival of 
theCompte Dc Grasse with his overwhelming squadron. 

This position being no longer tenable, submitted to the combined forces 
and consummated the success of the Revolution. From this place I 
proceeded to Hampton, distant 24 miles. There is nothing interesting 
in a military point of view through this country, except that it is a nar- 
row tongue of land varying in its width from 5 to 10 miles, produced by 
the rivers James, York, and the Bay. A superiority at sea would enable 
an invading enemy to run up either of the above Rivers, and throwing 
themselves in the rear of any force stationed upon any part of the Coun- 
try from Will'msburg to Hampton, be enabled thereby to cut off their 
retreat In a work, with the perusal of which I was favored by the 
politeness of the commandant at the port of Norfolk, entitled Carleton's 
campaigns, I observed that it was a favorite plan with Col. Tarleton to 
liave thrown a force by the way of Queen's Creek into the rear of Fay- 
ette, and thereby to have captured him. The Good Genius of America 
prevented the effort, as the result of such a movement would have been 
most disastrous. 

At Hampton I had an opportunity of reviewing a Rifle company and 
also some Artillerists. These companies are under the direction of 
Capt'ns Pr} r or and several men worthy of the trust reposed in them, and 
from the state of the arms of which they have the management, deserve 
well of their Country. The Rifles were in excellent order, and shoot 
with great exactness, the men being from practice expert shots. The 
cannon was served with dexterity, and several experiments proved that 
the Captain was a skilful artillerist. Being solicited to furnish them 
with the munitions of war, I advised Col. Sharp to procure them 200 
R». of powder, promising to send them cannon ball and some lead. The 
propriety of this step, it is believed, will be approved by the Council 
when it is recollected that Hampton lies contiguous to the roads, is a 
convenient place for furnishing the British Navy with supplies, and with- 
out such preparation would be exposed to every insult that a *pucaroon 
niight think proper to offer. 

From Hampton I passed to Norfolk, arriving there on the night of the 

*This word should be "picaron," and is of Spanish origin, signifying a rogue.- 


1812. 25th. On the 26th I was visited by almost every person of character 

Richmond an( * P ar ^ cu ^ ftr ^y ^ ie military, all conditions being pleased with the 

attention shown them by the Executive. By request I reviewed the two 

volunteer companies with whose discipline and appearance I was highly 


By. request of the Com'r of port, on the next day I visited the 
Forts Nelson and Norfolk. Fort Nelson stands on a piece of land run- 
ning into the harbour, and lies between the west and southern branch of 
Elizabeth River; is about £ a mile from Norfolk, which is situated on the 
southern bank of the southern branch. Fort Norfolk is on the same 
side with Norfolk and mile below it. 

The state of the Forts was greatly beyond my expectation, and as a 
marine defence must be most respectable. 

They are at this time under the command of Colonel Freeman, an old 
Revolutionary officer, who seems to have been very attentive to the duties 
of his station. I requested of him a return of the strength of his forces, 
copies of which will be presented to you for inspection. There are accord- 
ing to his statements about 200 regulars posted at the Forts. They have 
mounted sixty large pieces of Ordnance, 24s, 32s, and 50s, and supplied 
with the munitions of war and all the appendages necessary to the most 
effective service. 

The platforms arc in good order. The embrasures Judiciously selected 
and kept open and prepared for actual hostilities. The fortification, a 
wall of Fort Nelson of the usual thickness and composed of earth and 
brick work; its form is an irregular Polygon, some of the angles of which 
enable the fort to play upon an approaching fleet, and some when it 
would be stationary for the purpose of attempting the bombardment of 
the lower end of Norfolk. Fort Norfolk differs but little from Fort Nel- 
son, but could render no aid in the annoying of ships should they effect 
their passage by the Fort. The reverse defence of the Forts is subject 
to the same objection as that of Powhatan. They have neither platform, 
embrasure, .or guns, and the glacis of the parapet is so managed as to 
afford but little aid to soldiers using small arms. They are without 
Bastions on the angle saillant or sally angle, and hence the reverse defence 
would be far from stout. Whilst upon this subject I will anticipate some 
little in point of time the result of my journey as it is connected par- 
ticularly with this branch of the subject. Norfolk, it is known, lies upon 
the South of Elizabeth River nine miles from its confluence with the 
roads. Near this is Craney Island which all accord in saying is the most 
eligible spot for a fort. This Island runs a considerable distance into the 
river; it then has a flat and gradually descending beach to the Channel 
where it is suddenly abrupt. The Fort could therefore with safety be 
erected two or three hundred yards in the rear ui>on a sure foundation 
received from the particular situation of the channel, would be within 


400 yards of the most distant part where it would be possible for a ves- 1812. 
sel of any burthen to navigate, and hence would be within point blank uj'jJ^Qnd 
range of the guns of the Fort. It is attended with th : s auxilliary cir- 
cumstance that from the circuitous course of the current, the ship would 
be obliged to approach the fort with its prow, and of consequence would 
be exposed to the fire of the fort without the possibility of retaliation 
except in the moment when it was passing. Commodore Decatur, who 
sounded the river in this place under the direction of the government, 
communicated to me the substance of the above statement, accompanied, 
I think, with a declaration that with one or two vessels (tho* I think he 
said his own), sup|>orted by a well ordered fort, he should be enabled to 
arrest a fleet of any size. A floating battery, it seems agreed on all 
hands, would contribute most essentially to the defence of Norfolk, and 
could be made with very small expense, and I therefore promised it if it 
met with your approbation. 

Colo. Rob't Taylor, whose intelligence is respected wherever he is 
known, stated to me that he had a conversation some years past with 
Sir Thomas Hardy, who accompanied Parker and Nelson in their attack 
upon Copenhagen, in which he spoke lightly of the Forts, but stated that 
floating batteries would be a most effectual defence, and went on to state 
that in the affair of Copenhagen that species of defence was resorted to 
with great success. On the 28th, I had an interview with all the militia 
officers in and about Norfolk, for the purpose of collecting all the infor- 
mation in their possession which might in any degree subserve the object 
of my visit. The general impression seemed to be that they had nothing 
to fear by an attack from the shipping, but that their great danger arose 
fejm the facility of landing troops and taking Norfolk in reverse. Of 
this opinion, was Colo. Taylor, who seemed to think that unless a 
respectable force was permanently stationed in Norfolk, that 500 men 
^ould be able to land at Lambert's point about 4 miles below the town, 
*nd by a rapid movement sack the town. 

They associate with an invasion a probable insurrection of their 
^lnvoe. who take a deep interest in a rupture between England and this 
Country. Colo. Taylor stated an important fact upon this subject 
"uring the Douglass war, when an invasion was anticipated, Sir Thomas 
liardy received a communication from the slaves that they were ready 
*o unite with the Hritish so soon as they hoisted their war flag, and Sir 
T- H. had the frankness to show the Colo, a letter he had written his 
faster, disclosing that fact. Sir T. spoke of such a combination with 
horror and indignation. 

From the opinion thus expressed by Colo. Taylor, I was induced to 

explore the country about Norfolk as far as six miles. It appeared to 

*iae that from the peculiar character of the country, that a thousand, or 

1,500 men, would be able to protect Norfolk from a much superior force. 



1812. There are Creeks making out from the river, both above and below Nor— 
Richmond *°^> which, from the small elevation of the whole of that country above== 

the level of the Sea form considerable estuaries, the heads of whicl 
approximate each other so closely that the land lying between might--, 
by redoubts and abbatis thrown up on the spur of the occasion, be de — 
fended by a small force, and different stands of this kind might be=3 
effected so as to have at least three successive points of defence, but ^K 
think with Colo. Taylor, that least 1,000 men should be stationed irr^: 
Norfolk in the event of actual hostilities, so as to unite with the citizens 
of Norfolk in their defence. It seems to be believed that a debarkatioi 
of troops could be effected only at the pleasure house, The Quarantin< 
House, or at Lambert's Point landing. At either of the former ph 
would produce a circuity, and of course a march favorable to the de 
fence of Norfolk. Lambert's Point, about four miles below Norfolk, L 

the spot where it is believed a debarkation, if attempted at all, will b-^ 
effected. But should that be the case, the defence of the place, as state^J 
above, is very practicable unless the force were great indeed with which 
it was assailed. 

In this interview with the officers, I regretted to hear great complaints 
concerning their guns, and declarations that their men were without con- 
fidence in them. 

Digressing from that subject for a moment. I will state that on the 
30th of April, by request I visited the Dismal Swamp Canal and wit- 
nessed the consummation of 20 years' labor in the completion of that 
extensive and public spirited undertaking, and in company with the 
President, Directors, and a host of the respectable citizens of Norfolk, 
we witnessed the Junction of the waters of the Sound and of the 
Chesapeake, and passed from the one to the other in a boat containing 
10,000 shingles, amidst the shouts and applauses of the spectators. 

On the first of May I reviewed the Regiment of the Borough of Nor- 
folk, and a Battalion of the County which mustered in Portsmouth. 
With the Norfolk Regiment I was extremely well pleased. It is under 
the direction of Officers who have strong claims to the gratitude of 
their country, amongst whom I wish particularly to mention Colo. 
Sharp and Major Morris ; the urbanity of whose manners is suppassed 
by nothing except by their military ardor and their devotion to the 
honor and welfare of their country. 

From the universality of complaint concerning the unfitness of the 
arms, and from the vast importance of having the Militia well armed in 
Norfolk and its vicinity, I not only had a review of parade but one also 
of inspection, and examined the arms with as much attention as my 
time would permit. The general external appearance was well enough ; 
indeed the men seemed to have taken great pains in cleaning and pre- 
serving them. But it was said, and I discovered but too many examples 


of the kind, that there were flaws apparent upon a close inspection 1812. 
indicative of brittle and unmalleable iron. The locks are in many cases Kichniond 
out of order. These defects in the arms of our own factory and not in 
the French arms which are as universally approved of, as the others are 
condemned. It is desirable that the superintendent of the armory should 
be instructed to change the cock, which in comparrison with the French 
model is greatly inferior. Seeing the existing defects, and believing 
that a confidence on the part of the men in their arms was indispensable 
to success, I directed Major Morris to put them to proof, and with an 
intelligent artificer to examine the locks, and with this further instruc- 
tion that those which were not radically worthless, he might employ 
some mechanic in the place to repair. Those which were so, he might 
return to this place with a view to procure such as the exigency of the 
times require shall be in the hands of the Citizens whose situation is an 
exposed one. 

The Battalion in Portsmouth seemed to have done its duty in their 
attention to their guns, but the same objections are made to their condi- 
tion as in Norfolk, and the same distinction taken between those made 
in our own manufactory and the French arms, but as no official report 
of the condition was made, and no person known to me whose skill and 
integrity were such as to Justify my appointing them to prove the guns, 
I preferred waiting till such return was made, which I requested Colo. 
Manneon to have done immediately. The Council having advised that 
500 lbs. of powder should be procured by Col. Sharp, and that lead also 
might be procured by him, at his request I agreed that he might have 
the cartridges made in Norfolk. 

The public dinner on the first, and what occurred thereat, are of pub- 
lic Notoriety, and need no comment. I can only add that the enthusiasm 
displayed by all is beyond praise. 

In the meeting of oflicers it was unanimously advised that Telegraphic 
communications should be established, to commence at Cape Henry and 
continue to Norfolk. 

After being detained a day by rain, on the 3rd of May, being Sunday, 
I emharked on board the United States Revenue Cutter (Capt. Ham), 
for which I was indebted to Colo. Larkin Smith, the collector at Norfolk 
(whose unremitted civilities and Friendship have laid me under per- 
petual obligations), and in company with several Gentlemen and some 
Ladies sailed through the roads, the bay, and passing the Capes into the 
Ocean. I was enabled by this course to discover the most elevated and 
best adapted sites for the Telegraph towers. The result of my own ob- 
servations, and in these I had the sanction of Colo. Sharp and others, 
was that Cape Henry would be of consequence the first point, and the 
Light House would answer the purpose of a Telegraph Tower. From 
thence to Crump hills, 9 miles ; from thence to Willoughby 's point, 7 


1812. miles; from thence to Old Point Comfort Light House, 7 miles; from 
May 12. Whence to Craney Island, 6 miles; and from thence to Norfolk, 5 miles. 
Four Towers only would be necessary, the price of which Commodore 
Decatur stated would he trifling to complete the plan contemplated. 
Nothing is more simple than the modern art of Telegraphic communica- 
tion by balls or flags in the day and by false fires in the night, and the 
communication of intelligence is rapid as sound or vision. 

I was furnished by the Commodore with a view of the plan at this 
time in use by the Navy of the U. S., a transcript of which will be fur- 
nished at any time by him if it should be necessary. I returned to Nor- 
folk on Monday, the 4th of May, where I received a letter from the Sec- 
retary of War responsive to two written by myself to him shortly before 
I left this place, which fell far short of what I had expected. My letters 
are of record ; the one from the Secretary is present for the perusal of 
the Council of State. I had requested to be advised of the proportion 
of National defence which will be extended to this State, and whether 
we should be indemnified for any advances of the munitions of war 
which we had and were still making. His reply is that orders have been 
given for a supply of ammunition, and further suggests the necessity of 
selecting two or three Artillery Companies in the vicinity of Norfolk to 
co-operate with the Commandant of the j>ort in the event of necessity. 
In consequence thereof, I addressed letters to Capt. Ott and Capt. Emmer- 
son, commanding two Companies of Artillery — the one in Norfolk, the 
other in Portsmouth, of which letters I present copies to the Council, aa 
also the copy of a letter to Col. Freeman, with his reply. 

Whilst in Norfolk I suggested to several Gentlemen there the necessity, 
which I had previously presented to the Council, of a military chart of 
the Eastern Frontier of this State, and it has been to me a subject of 
surprize that the Federal Government had omitted so important an ingre- 
dient in the means of defence, not only in relation to Virginia alone, but 
to the widely extended coasts of the United States. In consequence of 
this communication, Col. William Tatham, an old revolutionary soldier, 
was introduced to me under flattering recommendations. With him I 
had frequent interviews, in which I discovered that he had devoted much 
time to the acquisition of knowledge of the Topography, Hydrography, 
and the Technography of the Country about Norfolk, and he presented 
me with various specimens of his dexterity in all these different branches. 

His very extensive knowledge upon these subjects is mingled with an 
enthusiasm that gives a most romantic appearance to some of his pro- 
jects, but which I do not chose harshly to condemn, because they seem 
to me to lie beyond the sphere of my comprehension. I requested him 
to embody his ideas upon these subjects for the purpose of being pre- 
sented to you for your information, and finally your advice. These have 
been ree'ed since my arrival here, and are now presented to the Council. 


On Friday, the 5th, I left Norfolk and travelled the road on the South 1812. 
side of the River through a country for miles that presented nothing K j JJ J'j 
upon which the eye could for a moment resale itself. It seems to have 
been laid by the Creator under an awful interdict, and to a sterility by 
nature which no art or industry can compensate is superadded a redun- 
dancy of water, which, from the relative height of the Country with the 
ocean, it seems impossible to drain. Whether it is doomed forever, with 
a very few exceptions, to be a jungle for wild beasts or to yield to the 
enterprising and adventurous spirit of industry, time alone will decide. 
It is far beyond the reach of the present race, with whom, were I to 
judge from appearances, industry and exertion are paralyzed, and who, 
shrinking from an undertaking so arduous as the reclamation of this 
country, resort to the waters as an element more propitious for the sup- 
plier of life. 

Among the lower classes, who live almost upon the water, you see a 
wretrhed and squalid cadaverous race that seem to be but the moving 
s|»ectres of departed men. Among the higher orders, or better livers, 
with small shades of difference, indeed, you find a character common to 
Virginians. I discover nothing of import in the country through which 
I have travelled till my arrival in Petersburg. The military ardor which 
I had discovered in other parts of the lower Country seemed not to have 
moved upon the face of this. But I saw no public collections, which 
may, perhaps, account for the difference, tho' on all occasions I made it 
my business to enquire. In Petersburg the Battalion paraded on the 
!Hh of May. I reviewed it. The volunteer Companies met my appro- 
bation. The whole seemed to have caught the holy fire, the diffusion of 
which is so interesting with us. I by request partook of a dinner given 
l»y the military, where, as in Norfolk, I indulged in an expression of my 
Ablings and in an effort to rouse their pride, their patriotism and courage. 
They were good enough to approve of my sentiments by long, reiterated 
applause. I hale it as a favorable presage, and augur well of their con- 
duct in the event of an appeal to arms. 

On Sunday, the 10th, I returned to this place. 

Soundings of James River. 

Newport news we have a depth of water of 7 fathoms and a channel 

1 mile wide, thence to Day's point 15 miles above the water shoals to 

'.y\ fathoms, thence deepens until you reach the Rock Landing, a distance 

of 2 miles, after which you again have on 3 and 3J fathoms until you 

arrive at the Point of Shoals, 10 miles above Day's Point; the depth 

here 7 fathoms and a channel not more than J of a mild wide, every 

vessel drawing 15 feet water being compelled to pass within musket shot 

of the shore. The Channel now varies from 5 to 8 fathoms until you 

arrive at Goose Hill Flatts 6 miles below James Town; here at high 


1812. tide there is a depth of only 16 feet, but in consequence of a soft bottom: 
Richmond a veS8e ^ drawing 17 may pass with a favorable wind ; thence to Jame 
Town from 4 to ten fathoms, here the channel narrows to 250 yards, on* 
side of which touches the shore to the North ; thence to John H 
Cocke's Estate channel varies from 3 to 6 fathoms; thence to Dancing 
Point 1 1 miles above James Town, water 4 and 5 fathoms, but here falls 
ofF to 3 and 3 J ; thence until you arrive at Harrison's Rar varies from 
4 to 6 fathoms, where it barely measures 16 feet at high water, but a soil 
bottom enables a vessel drawing 17 to pass. 


William Tatham to the Governor. 

May 14, I came down here last night with a view to examine (still more 

iUv Ven minutely than formerly) the interesting tellographic j>ort of u Crump's 
Hill," on Lynhaven Bay ; the changes it may have undergone since my 
survey of it in 1807, and how or where its environs may offer the best 
means of securing it against the shot or annoyance of an Enemy, a cir- 
cumstance which seems to demand no small degree of consideration at 
Cape Henry, Old Point Comfort, and other exposed situations, for it 
may be expected that an enemy will endeavour to break up so essential 
a chain of intelligence, for which reason it will be necessary to make very 
minute surveys and charts* of such ports. 

This is the fourth day running that we have had disagreeable rainy 
weather, and the Hay and shores are now so thick and hazy with mist 
and min that I cannot proceed in exploring this station till it clears up, 
after which your Excellency shall hear from me again. In the mean- 
time certain ideas occur to me (through the medium of this interrup- 
tion) which I will endeavor to convert to advantage: A fleet might 
approach so near the shore at this moment that it would not be possible 
for anything to discover them save our guard boat**, or such a corps of 
maritime infantry as I contemplate in improved boats, on the principl 6 
of mine, which are sea-worthy in all weather, and when discovered tel- 
tegraphic communication is cut off save by firing of Sigiud Gnu*. A 
speedy attention should be immediately put in practice in this particular. 

Now Your Excellency will perceive that this part of the system f° r 
promoting rapid intelligence cannot be carried to any great extent of 
verbal, litteral or numerical expression, without vast expense in the con- 
sumption of Gunpowder; even then the most which can be attained wi" 
be a few common place questions and answers reduced to confidential 
documents in cypher beforehand, and placed only in the breast of con* 
trouling officers. 

I have at this instant before me a manuscript chart from the Cape^ 
(including) up to Williamsburg and York, which seems to have beef) 


left in this part of the Country by some British officer during the revo- 1812. 
lution; it has the appearance of improvement on a tollcrablc scale, and i55jjia\^n 
I had hopes that from Lord Howe's manuscripts and other charts also in Bay 
my possession, I should have been in a condition to form a tollerable 
telegraphic chart from the capes to Richmond and Washington. On com- 
paring lines of actual vision with lines on the charts, I find that the 
whole are compilations bottomed on the old primitive basis, and do not 
correspond with nature. They are liable to the same objections which 
occurred to the observation of both General Washington and myself, the 
last time I had the honor of his conversation on this topic in the case of 
the rivers Potomac and Rappahannock ; we had both noticed the same 
changes through the operations of time, the clearing off the woods, the 
sullage of the plough, etc., to-wit, that where a point existed above the 
mouth of a creek (for example) in former times, there was now a bar 
and shoal below; that deep navigations were converted into shallows and 
intemiptions that the lines of vision at this day were much extended 
beyond many points which formerly intercepted them with high banks 
and thick woods. Thus it is that for the ends of vision or navigation 
new and complete surve\'s of our Tide waters should be made, but by 
navigating these several waters in my boat, surveying these lines and 
trigonometrical angles of the shores, I think I can do much primary 
work at little expense, furnishing a corrected plan competent to illustrate 
the practical communications by sound if not correctly by vision. In 
the meantime a single example may show what an enormous consumption 
of Gunpowder would probably result if a communication by firing (only) 
was adopted. Take for example ten numbers, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 7, 8, 9, 10, 
as the basis for numerical communication, and the extent and variation 
of these numbers must form the Key of the intelligence conveyed. Now 
if ten questions and ten answers were set (common place wise) to this 
Gamut, I apprehend the arithmetical progression of such notes would 
have a very unmusical sound in the ears of legislative propriety. I leave 
the calculation to the experience of the navy. 

I am, &c. 

William Chamberlayne to the Governor. 

By the law of Congress, passed the 10th ult., the President of the May 17, 
touted States is to apportion the General Officers among the respective New Kent 
States and Territories as he may deem proper, but leaves the detailing of 
fe particular officers with the constitutional authority in the respective 
Sites and Territories. 

I have thought proper to express to you and the honorable body asso- 
•iW with you, that I am ready and willing to render any and every 


1812.^ service in my power. I have heretofore expressed my opinion, and what 
Nev^Kent * Dc ^ eve ^ to °e the opinion of those I represented, that the course 
adopted and pursued hy our Government was proper, and that we would 
support them in any measures they might judge expedient, and to which 
we pledged our lives, fortunes, and sacred honour. I am now prepared 
to evince the sincerity of my declaration. 

I am aware that there are several officers of my grade older than my- 
self and probably more experienced, but in zeal for the service of my 
Country I yield to no one. My object is the good of my country. If 
that would be more promoted by the appointment of another than by 
myself, I wish that other appointment, but if equal by me I shall be 
pleased to receive it. Whatever may be the decision of your honorable 
body I shall cheerfully acquiesce. 

I am, &c. 

William Tatham to the Governor. 

. Mav 17, The weather clearing yesterday, I went over to Crump's Hill and 

Ly Bay VCn fou,1(1 tho Inlet > which formerl y washed the foot of it, shifted about 
sixty or seventy yards eastwardly rather for the better. The Hill is 
something injured by the winds, but may be secured on the side next 
the Bav with a little labour. 

It still continues to be supported by a growth of pine trees, and is 
matted with a kind of long-rooted grass, so that a superstratum of Loam 
and sodding on the surface might render it permanent. 

It is well situated for an open communication with both Lighthouses, 
with VVilloughby's point (up to the hills next the main land), and with 
Back river point up the Chesapeake. This last circumstance, as well as 
its view to seaward (in case of accident at the Cape), renders it a double 
station, and one of consequence and confidence. It is only at high water 
that an enemy's boats could come in at the inlet, and then greatly e*" 
posed to a batter)', and after such an attempt a haven with four creeks 
gives a full opportunity to carry ofT the books, glasses, <fcc., leaving the 
enemy on a sandy desert beach. 

I particularize this circumstance because I am aware that your Excel- 
lency's eye has been fixed on this pleasure house, a place which has not 
one requisite of a military station for troops on this bay, or one point o« 
military security in itself beyond a chance to run away. It is a suitable 
lounge for Gamblers, tipplers, and those gentry of pleasure who lov*< 
idleness, lack of discipline, and temporary convenience in preference t< 
their Country's Safety ; but in time of war if it serves as a refreshinl 
place for our horse patroll and the grand rounds, it will be the best ai* 
we can derive from a place which can only receive its military or its teL 


(graphic importance from lukewarmncss or an ignorance of the sur- 1812. 
ronding neighborhood. L^Savcn 

If ever we have courage, aided by liberality of expenditure, equal to Bay 
»hat I am more and more persuaded is in our po.wcr) make Lynhaven 
ty too hot to hold a maritime enemy the chief theatre of our ware and 
le Toulon of America in regard to the Port in its rear. Crump's Hill 
well situated, and naturally formed for a Sexagon fortification. 
I hope shortly to demonstrate that this is not an expensive under- 
iking, and that to take the Hull by the horns and fight an enemy at his 
ntering point is our true economy. 

These things, however, are for the consideration of the Administration. 
t is with them to say how far it is proper to enable me, or an} 7 other 
mn, to demonstrate the advantages of strengthening the positions of 
'ape Henry, of Lynhaven Inlet, of Crump's Hill, of Willoughby's bay, 
f Tanner's Creek, of Crany Island, and the environs of Norfolk ; or to 
how the interior posts, Piquet guards, and patrolls which cover such 
nth their relative attentions and means from Cape Henry to South 
'Molina and from Cape Charles to Connecticut. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. As it is not presumed at present that the Enemy arc to be com- 
plied to betiegr works of magnitude^ I wish to be understood that (for 
xample, at Crump's Hill,) a facine battery can be constructed with 
Qiterials on the spot, and a boat of suitable construction to convey field- 
neces being at a wharf in the Creek in the rear of the tellegraphic sta- 
ion. The field-pieces are as easily removed and covered in case of neces- 
ary retreat as the Tellescopes. Such spieces of fortification merits con- 
ideration for occasional or subordinate defence at many strong passes, 
och as the landings and roads of this country are replete with in every 


W. T. 

Enclosed in the above letter is a sketch of a Tellegraph consisting of 
»eces painted with various colours worked by levers too complicated 
be copied, invented by W. Tatham. — Ed. 

Jam& McFarlane (Lt.-Col. 72nd Regiment) to the Governor. 

Informing him of his success in raising, by volunteers from the Regi- May 19 
^ent commanded by him, the quota required by the Brigadier-General Russell Co. 
rf the 17th Brigade, also of his inspection of a troop of cavalry with 
Wr arms, &c, and of the arms of his Regiment. 



Wm. Tatham to the Governor. 

1812. I do myself the honor to enclose to your Excellency the survey tc 

N^nik * ne rcP 01 ^ of the Military canal from Lynhaven to the Eastern bn 
Elizabeth river refers, which was transmitted to you a few days ag< 
mind has been greatly impressed since I last wrote from Lynhave 
observations on some particulars which strike me to be of the 
importance, as precautions against the evils of insurrection. On 
in town I find reports which mortify me exceedingly; it is a 
Engineer has determined on certain matters on two day's informati 
view, which I have found seven years investigation insufficient tc 
hastily ! 

I make great allowance for popular impression on facte of a couj 
asititrc, especially when accompanied by such glaring absurdi 
destroy the idea of those superior qualifications which mus 
influenced the Federal Administration. I doubt the authenti 
public fame, but if she lieth not, Virginia must take care of her 

I shall stop where I am till I hear from your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 

Carver Willts to the Governor. 

May 21, At this important crisis of our National affairs as it respects oi 

Jefferson Go. Q ^ n x^olatioiis. I shall not attempt an apology for the trouble I an 
to give you, but proceed immediately to the purport of my letter, 
day the 17th Inst, was the day appointed for the 55th Reg't to m< 
furnish its quota of men. It is with pain and regret I inform y» 
a draft was resorted to; a company of light Infantry of 50 men ca 
from this Regiment will be furnished under the command of Capt 
master instead of Capt. Kenney, as mentioned in your orders ; t 
ance of 116 men, to their eternal shame and disgrace, were draf 
find from your general orders that there is not any cavalry order* 
that Brigade. Having the command of a Company of 00 men 
very desirous of tendering our services if they could be accep 
serve in the first tour; with this view I proposed to the Comj 
volunteer, but to my surprise only 33 would join me in the tend< 
first Lieu't was at the time very ill (his intentions I have not yet le 
the second Lieu't positively refused. My principle object in wi 
to make the inquiry of you whether if I can fill up the Company 
number of 45 or 50 men if our services can be accepted in the fir 
and whether commissions can issue to supply the places of those 
who refuse to join. To you, Sir, whose patriotic address shon 


what ardour your bosom beats in your Country's cause, the contents of 1812. 
this letter must be truly painful — indeed every friend to his Country j ff^L^h 
must feel alarmed for her safety, when he reflects that at the first prepar- 
ation to meet a detested and implacable enemy who have trampled on 
every right held dear by freemen, the militia, the great bulwark of a 
republic, should be thus backward in stepping forward to defend her 
rights, revenge her wrongs, or perish in the contest ; but for the honor 
of my state I flatter myself this degredation has not pervaded other 
parts, and that it has been confined to the nest of federalists (I will not 
say Tories) inhabiting this and a few adjoining counties. 

I must add that if the object of my letter is attainable, that the com- 
pany are destitute of arms, nor will it be possible for them to arm them- 
selves, for those suitable to the service are not to be had here. 

I am, &c. 

Nimrod Saunders (Capt. Cavalry) and Jas. Laidley (Capt. Rifle 

Co.) to the Governor. 

We are requested to communicate to you by Thirty-six of the Cavalry, May 23, 
including Lieutenants and Cornet; by forty-six of the Rifle Company, Parker8b urg 
including Lieutenant — the former armed with swords and one pistol 
wh; the latter with Rifles all in good order and attached to the 113th 
Regiment — that they, with us, are prepared to march at a moment's 
naming whenever called by the constituted authorities of our Country. 

In making this tender, Sir, we are proud to say that the men under 
our separate commands are not common militia who have not had the 
advantage of the use of public arms. We feel. Sir, that the State has 
done much for us — forty swords and an equal number of pistols, and 
fifty Rifles have been presented to us. We wish to use them in defence 
°f the violated rights of our beloved country. Though we might feel 
safe from British outrages — though we may not fear the depredations of 
the savages — from our peculiar local situation, yet we are members of 
the great Union, and our lives shall be devoted to the security of the 
•hole. In addressing you, Sir, on this subject, we cannot pass over your 
circular letter to the Colonels of the Regiments. We discover patriotism, 
ene Pgy, and zeal for the rights of an injured, abused country. Accept, 
^ r ,of our wishes for a continuance in an office that will be productive 
of much good to our State, an honor to yourself, and accept of our 
•ishes for your individual prosperity and happiness. 

We are, &c. 



W. Eustis (Sec'y) to the Governor. 

May 27, 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of j f our Excellency' 

War^Dart- ^ r °^ ^ ie *^ instant, and to inform you that in the arrangement 
ment the defence of our extensive maritime frontier, the harbour of No 
will continue to receive from the President that attention which it 
portance demands. A full company of regular troops will, in the o 
of a few days, supply the place of the rifle Company lately order 
the Northward. The troops raised in the Southern parts of the Sti 
Virginia will be directed to the works in Norfolk. Should this 
require to be augmented, a requisition for a detachment of militia 
become necessary. 

The militia detached conformably to the act of April 10th, will 
tiiiue subject to the laws of the State until called into actual service 

I am, <fec. 

Henrico County, to-wit: 

This day Robert Quarles, Esquire, came before me, Wil 
Price, a Justice of the peace for the aforesaid County, and took 
different oaths prescribed by Law to be taken by a Councilor of Sta 
Given under my hand this 28th day of May, 1812. 

William Pkh 


RoifT B. Taylor to the Governor. 

When I had the honor to confer with vou on the state of the ca 
under my command, I took the liberty of suggesting some defec 
our present system, and your Excellency was pleased to desire tl 
would make my remarks the subject of a written communication, 
obedience to that request, I now take the liberty of submitting j 
observations which I dare not Hatter myself are worthy of Execi 
adoption, but which as hints to be improved and matured, may not 
haps be entirely useless. It is in that character only 1 venture U 
them before you. 

However various have been the modes of discipline adopte 
different nations and at different times, in one circumstance they 
all concurred. They have all aimed at the attainment of the gre 
degree of effect or military momentum with the smallest degree of 
sical force. 

The relative value of each system depends on the degree in v> 
that effect is produced. The most natural and obvious mode of at 


ing this object, is by the introduction of discipline that is order and 1812. 
regularity into the parts and concert and system into the movements of w M r y i' k 
the whole. It is from this cause alone, and not from superiority of 
colour, that the force of trained soldiers, moved by the same impulse 
and directed to the same point, is always greater than an equal proi>or- 
tion of physical force acting without concert and without order. The 
manner of discipline must of necessity vary according to the species of 
the force employed, the nature of the Country in which it acts, and 
above all, by the arms used. From the latter cause alone the use of 
gun powder has introduced almost an entire revolution in military Tac- 
tics; still, however, the end must be kept in view, and the means tho 1 
varied by those and other circumstances, still aim at its attainment. 

It id apparent then that the system, whatever it may be, should have 
for itd object — 

1st The attainment of order and regularity in its subordinate parts. 
2nd. Concert and uniformity in compound operations. 

The first of these objects is wholly unattainable without the introduc- 
tion of a settled mode of instruction with the private, there is much, 
perha|>s more to be attributed to habit than to Judgment in the execu- 
tion of his personal duty. It rarely happens that the object and end of 
each movement is either seen or appreciated in the ranks, and it is by 
no means necessary that it should be. It is enough that the soldier 
understands the movement designated by his orders, and the correct 
mode of executing it. But to attain those points it is essential that the 
object be always designated by the mme order, and that the mode of 
executing it be settled and unalterable. 

When this is the case the soldiers from mere habit and practice execute 
w 'ith ardcr and with ease the intended operation. 

^ur present organization is in this particular most wretchedly defective. 
•V> fixed plan of training is established, or if established is not attended 
lu ; l»ul each officer has adopted that mode of command and execution 
which his own judgment has suggested. The result is that in the same 
Troop as it chances to be commanded by one or other of its officers, the 
sa "ne inuvemcuts are sometimes designated by different words of com- 
mand; sometimes the same word of command designates different move- 
ments, ami not unfrequentl}' a common result is produced by a different 
course of evolution. The soldier distracted and confounded bv this 

m m 

•iiverhity of command and of execution necessary — the error of too 
much precepitancy or too much tardiness. 

Hut the evil is most dangerously aggravated, when different troops are 
hruujiht to act in concert. Their commanders accustomed to different 
courses of command and execution, either do not understand the orders 
given or execute them in different modes. I had occasion to see this 
most lamentably exemplified when several troops were here united in 


1K12. 1807. The great value of Cavalry depends upon the celerity of ite move- 
^JSv ments and evolutions, but you will perceive, Sir, how unattainable tliat 
celerity would be uuder such circumstances, and how easily the best con- 
ceived o | >e ration attempted in the face of an enemy might not only In; 
defeated, but turned against an officer from a tardy or erroneous imxte of 

The remedy is a simple one. The system of training should be fix «d. 
Nothing should bo left to the discretion of the officers. The '* wonle* of 
command " to be given by him should l>e as immutable as the modes of 
executing them. The private soldier would from mere habit soon le^mrn 
his duty, and combined troo]»s would at the moment of their junction*, be 
enabled to co-operate with entire harmony and concert 

No Cavalry system has yet been established in this State, or if estab- 
lished has been promulgated, and till this is done the evil is inevitable. 
The discipline now used has, as I understand, for its model that wh mch j 
was used in the American war. It would be presumptuous in me to> — { 
you a system which has contributed so much to the glory of the Ameri- 1 
can arms, and which is now seen only in its imperfect copies. But the ] 
military art has undergone great changes, and has been much improved j 
since* that time. j 

Our Cavalry discipline is radically different from that now practiced 
in the British army and by the great proficients in the military art, the 
French. These two latter agree, except in a few and uuimjiortant |K>irit*5. 
They l>oth differ from ours in essentials. The chief difference is that 1»>" 
the Euro}»eaii system — a greate r degree of force is concentrated without 
materially diminishing the rapidity of evolution. The momentum in a 
charge is consequently increased as in the advance ; the celerity may **e 
the same, either in our system or theirs. 

I understood from Governor Cabell that it was in contemplation* *° 

adopt a system. In doing so we ought to profit by the institution?* °* 

other nations, who to the highest — have added the most constant e>c I** 3 " 

rience. It ought at the same time not to l»e overlooked, that the St-- V *° 

Troops must frequently act in Union with the Federal Troops and tl »*>- e 

of other States called out bv them. To sceiire their harmony of iiil» v '*" % " 

incut, the svstem adopted bv the Geneial Government should lie c~* * 11_ 
*...". f 

stantlv kept in view. We mhdit otherwise lose as much in the effect 

concert as we might gain on the Kuro|*ean systems. I am uninforim **-** 

what svstem of Cavalry exereise has been adopted bv the l\ S. Trot >I p> ' 

It is of the utmost importance to the character and efficiency of <-* ie 

State cavalrv that the system adopted, whatever it may be, should ^ 

acted on, on the first occasion of their being convened, and } tertians* f J ° 

occasion is likely to afford a better opportunity of diffusing the syst*"* n 

than the present moment, when the attention of the officer will 

seconded bv the zeal of the soldier. 


Independently of the evils resulting from want of uniformity in train- 1812. 
[ ing, other defects in the present system contributes materially to the Norfolk 
injur}' of our Cavalry. At present a field officer has no opportunity even 
of keeping alive the knowledge he had acquired in the command of a 
Company, much less of practicing himself in the evolutions of large 
bodies. When called into service he must of necessity therefore be less 
qualified to command than the Captains under him. The latter are at 
least perfected by constant practice in the company movements. The 
former totally unpraeticed in the evolutions of the squadron or Regiment, 
has to revive his faded knowledge of the discipline of the troop. This 
evil can be obviated only by requiring the troop to be exercised by the 
field officers'. The sparse situation of the troops, and the expense of 
time and money to the individuals, would seem to be formidable objec- 
tions to the adoption of the corrective. By a trifling aid of the legis- 
lature that objection would however be surmounted. The Cavalry 
division might be laid off into districts of convenient extent, so as to 
include two or more Squadrons. All the troops of Cavalry within each 
district should be required to muster once or twice a year at some central 
place. The majors should be compelled to attend the muster within their 
respective Battalions, and the Colonel and adjutant those of the Battalion 
in which they reside. The muster should continue not less than ten 

To compensate the loss of time the troops should be exempt from the 
Jfrionthly musters now enjoined hy law. Their own private regulations 
^"ould supply, by voluntary musters, the want of practice thereby pro- 
«J *iced. 

The State should supply wagons and camp equipage and rations, or 
^^ine equivalent during the period employed. The cost in money to 
*h« State would be inconsiderable, and I snould believe would be well 
■-^ostowed. Among the troops would soon be inspired such a zeal and 
^^lulation as might be expected to produce a most beneficial effect on 
*>**e character of the Corps. The equipment of the troops deserves some 
^^^nsidcration, more especially in the desultory kind of warfare in which 
: -t*ey may be expected to be employed on our Coast. For, independently 
^JF the order and regularity of movement, the superiority of troops will 
: * Materially depend on the selection of proper arms, and on the skill with 
"^liich they are used. There has hitherto been no diversity in the equip- 
r ** ent of our Cavalry, though a consideration of the various objects to 
**>~* Inch that description of force may be applied, would seem at once to 
^ biggest the propriety of discrimination. The duties to be performed by 
lr*s\rties sent out to forage, to surprize a fort or skirmish on the enemy's 
"lie, are very different from those required in general action, in the 
c l^libcrate attack of Infantry drawn up and prepared to receive them. 
Activity and adroitness are the chief qualifications of the former. Com- 


1812. pactne83, vigour, momentum, are essential to the success of the latter. 
N ffic Hence, in all European armies, the general term Cavalrj r comprehends 
a diversity of force almost as great as is found in the foot service. The 
Hussars are to the Dragoons what Light Infantry and Riflemen are to 
the Grenadiers and Infantry of the line. The size of both men and 
horses, their equipment and their arms are varied according to their ob- 
jects. The Dragoons, both as to man and horse, should be large and 
strong, and their arms proportionately heavy. The Hussars are most 
useful when both man and horse are distinguished by lightness, activity, 
and muscle. With Volunteer Cavalry it may be difficult to introduce 
that distribution which selection of men and horses allow in regular 
service. Something may, however, be done towards the attainment of 
that object, and we ought not to reject the advantage within our reach 
because others arc unattainable. One pistol has already been with pro- 
priety discarded, either from views of economy, or more probably from 
the consideration that the Sword is the weapon on which the Cavalry 
should chiefly rely. But the Carbine, which is an European essential 
part of the equipment of some descriptions of Cavalry, will more par- 
ticularly be needful in the contemplated service, our only enemy will l>c 
Infantry. To charge them effectually with the sword, it will sometimes 
be needful to shake their ranks by a previous attack with fire-arms, and 
a portion at least of each Troop should be furnished with them. One- 
quarter rank of each troop would perhaps be sufficient. By uniting 
those of two or three squadrons, a sufficient force might be formed to 
confuse the Enemy where an attack is needful. I have prepared, as you 
requested, a model of the Carbine, which will be sent if desired. 

Some effort should also be made to introduce a knowledge of the 
sword exercise among the Cavalry. To procure regular masters of the 
art of offence and defence would perhaps be difficult, nor is it needful. 
The Broad Sword exercise is in its principles and its acquirement as far 
as is needful for the Cavalry, depends rather on habit and the supleness of 
the agent than on extraordinary talents. A system adequate to the object 
might be compiled and published at a trifling expense, and by the aid of 
plates might be so well understood as to be easily acquired. The exjxmcc 
(exclusive of the plates) would not, I imagine be two hundred dollars. 
For the trouble I have given you in this long and perhaps unimportant 
communication, I beg you to find my apology in the motives which have 

produced it. 

I am, ike. 

P. S. — If the returns in the adjutant's office enable him to furnish a 
compendious statement of the different troops within my division, with 
the state of their force and a list of the officers and their dates of com- 
mission, I should be glad to receive them — at present I am totally with- 
out information on these subjects, and I know no other means of obtain- 
ing it but through the Executive. 




City of Richmond, June Id, 1812. 

This day John Campbell, Esq'r. appeared before me, the undersigned 
Recorder of this City, and took on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty 
God the several oaths prescribed by Law to be taken by a member of 
the Privv Council or Council of State. 

Given under my- hand this Day and year above stated. 

Ro. Greeniiow, Recorder. 




Littleton Lanier to the Governor. 

The Light Infantry Company under my command having volunteered 
tlicir services to supply the quota of men required from the 15th Regi- 
ment, a considerable diversity of opinion prevails whether they will not 
Ixf* subject to be called on again when the time arrives for the division in 
wliich the company stands drafted may be called into service, and a 
number of the Company are seriously impressed with a belief that this 
w ill be the case. 

Altho' I feci great pride in declaring as my belief that a number of 
*hc Company would most cheerfully perform another tour of duty when- 
e ver called on if their country required their services, yet I know that 
there are some of the Company who could not do so in any short time 
without serious inconvenience and perhaps ruin to their families. 

t ndcr these circumstances, I have thought it advisable to apply directly 
*° your Excellency for information on the subject. 

I am, «fcc. 

Dkpar't of State, Jvnr. 10th, 1812. 

Sir, — I have the honor to enclose for your earliest information a copy 
*f an act of Congress, passed yesterday, declaring war against Great 
* r itain and Ireland and the dependencies thereof, together with copies 
*f the Presidents message of the 1st Inst., to both Houses, and the 
" c l»ort of the Committee of foreign relations of the House of Kepresen- 
Lj Hiv<»s thereupon. 

The constituted authorities of the Nation having determined upon an 

^I>\>eal to arms to maintain its violated rights, the President calculates 

with the fullest confidence on every aid from the State Government which 

it is in their power to give as well to mitigate the evils of War to our own 

citizens as to make it effectual against the ICneniy. 

I have the honor to be, with verv ercat consideration, 

Sir, your obed't servant, 

J as. Monroe. 
//?« Kxchj The Governor of Virf/hun. 


June 4, 


David I. Lewis to the Governor. 

1812. I received your favor of the 1st Inst., stating the grounds of the pre- 

Charlottes- ference g iven to C°l. William Campbell as Keeper of the Penitentiary, 

ville which are entirely satisfactory. The particular friendship manifested 
toward me by the council and your Excellency in giving me the appoint- 
ment of Waggon Master General is highly gratifying. I have, however, 
been unable to learn the duties of that office, and must request the 
favor of you to make them known to me together with the pay, Rations 
and uniform (if any), and whether the appointment will continue during 
good behaviour or not, or whether it will expire at the end of six months' 
service. The reason why I wish you to he thus explicit, is that I hold a 
Lieutenant's commission in the Militia and am the Adjutant of the 88th 
Regiment, and wish to guard against being put into the ranks at a future 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Dickenson to the Governor. 

June 28, Inclosed is a list of Capt. Anthony's Company of Artillery who have 
Bedford volunteered their services. I am requested to state to you that the can- 
non carriages for Capt. Anthony's Company, on which subject I wrote tn 
you the 1/Hh of May last, have been since forwarded to Lynchburg. 

I am, &c. 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of York, held on Mon- 
day, the 20th day of June, 1812, for the purpose of adopting certain 
resolutions calculated to show to the General and State Governments the 
exposed and defenceless situation of the Town and the impracticability 
of defending itself under existing circumstances, and for the further pur- 
pose of soliciting such aid as they may deem proper and adequate to 
the defence and protection of the Town and its vicinity against foreign 
invasion or incursion — 

On motion, Resolved that Robert Nelson be called to the chair, and 

On motion, Resolved that Peyton Southall be appointed secretary of 
the meeting. 

The following preamble and resolution being submitted (after full dis- 
cussion), were unanimously adopted: 

Whereas the Government of the United States of America have, after 
mature deliberation, declared that war is the only redress left us for our 
violated rights and the only reparation for the numerous injuries and 


ve have received from Great Britain; and whereas the ex- 1812. 

jfenceless situation of the Town of York, open to the mari- 

>ns of an active and powerful foe (who is not known to draw 

ly and feebly), requires that a proper representation thereof 

oade to the Government; Therefore, Be it Resolved, that 

fin, Joseph Morriset, and William V. Taylor be appointed a 

3 draft and forward to the Governor of the State a respect- 

equesting of him the loan of one or more pieces of Artillery, 

, with necessary implements and munitions of war, together 

her arms as may be deemed necessary, and are usually at- 

tillery companies. 

Robert Nelson, Chairman. 
3UTHALL, Sec'ty. 

Wm. Sharp to tue Governor. 

uest of Capt. Drummond, I herein send to your Excellency a July 3, 
mmunication made to me yesterday. I am well acquainted Norfo 
>f the persons named on the list and know them to be of 

I am, &c. 

) names are hereunto subscribed, do agree to associate our- 
present momentous crisis as a volunteer Artillery Company 
f the war, which is now declared for the rights and honor of 
against the injustice and Indignities of Great Britain and 
ticies, to be composed entirely of those persons who are, or 
i seafaring pursuits, and now residing on shore and not sub- 
litia duty, subject to such rules and regulations as we may 
lk proper to adopt lor our own Regulations, June 25th, 1812. 

lerous meeting of the citizens of Patrick county, together j u \ v 4 
ank's Company of Militia, at the house of Capt. Jacob Critz Patrick Co. 
ay of July, 1812, for the purpose, of celebrating the anni- 
American Independence, when Major Brett Stovall was 
' chosen President, and Capt. Elijah Banks Secretary, 
ks paraded and carried his company with life and anima- 
many evolutions, and having formed a circle, which cn- 
e collection of ladies and spectators, who had seated them- 
r a Booth erected for their accommodation, Col. George 
\ few observations appropriate to the celebration of the day, 
ced that our country had closed with Great Britain in a 


1812. solemn appeal to arms l>y a Declaration of War between the Unit* 

Patrick Co Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the dependences there* 

and the United States of America and their Territories. He recoi 

mended to the meeting to give an expression of their sentiment, whei 

upon the following resolutions were unanimously adopted : 

1st. Resolved, that we have for a considerable time anticipated a \\ 
with England, and have viewed with horror and indignation the mai 
and reiterated aggressions committed by her on our right? and liberth 
injuries which are calculated to rouse the spirit of revenge in the min 
of the most supine. 

With singular pleasure, we take the liberty of declaring our enti 
approbation of the measures taken by the constituted authorities of 01 
country, and pledge ourselves that at the hazard of our lives and k 
tunes we will support the honor and dignity of our country and pro* 
ourselves worthy of the glorious heritage derived to us by the blood ar 
treasure of our fathers, and cheerfully submit to all the privations iiic 
dent to a state of war without a murnicr. 

2nd. Resolved, as the voice of our Government is for war, and tl 
soft accents of melting commiseration changed into a tone of vengeanc 
we are ready and willing to meet the proud despot who plumes hinise 
upon the wrongs he commits and teach him and his myrmidons that J 
we provoke not to insult, we will at the point of the Bayonet repell ever 
aggression and onee more show him the folly of encroaching on the righ 
of freemen. 

i>rd. Resolved, that the firm and dignified conduct of our worth 
Chief Magistrate is calculated in a super-eminent degree to insure tl 
confidence of the people, and is entitled to the enthusiastic gratitude - 
every lover of liberty and free Government. 

lth. Resolved, that it is with peculiar satisfaction we tender our 1110 
profound respects to all those members of Congress who have stood 1 
their countrv at the awful erisis, and had the firmness to strike a blow 
our most deadly enemy. Such men are worthy of the confidence of t 
Union, and under their guidance we may expect our Country will s> v 
port its dignity and sustain its consequence among the nations of the ett* 

oth. Resolved, that the activity and vigilance displayed by the d 
magistrate of this Commonwealth in personally visiting the most 
posed and vulnerable points bordering on our sea eoast, and making 
necessary arrangements for its protection and safety, entitles him to 
warmest thanks and the unfeigned assurance of our confidence and **' 
port; and we are happy to add that the sentiments expressed by * 
meeting pervade the county generally. 

Oth. Resolved, that the thanks of this meeting be given to Col. Geo 
Penn, together with the President and secretary, for their patriotic i* 
inanlv conduct on this occasion. 


7th. Resolved, that a copy of the foregoing resolutions be transmitted 1812. 
to the President of the United States, to the Executive of this Common- p^^co 
wealth, and published in some republican newspaper in the city of Rich- 

Brktt Stovall, President. 

Elijah Banks, Secretary. 

W. Eustis (Sec'y) to the Governor. 

I am commanded by the President to request your Excellency forth- July 18, 
with to call into the service of the United States, two companies of n^? 
Artillery and as many companies of Infantry as will make an aggregate 
force of five hundred militia, detached conformably to the Act of April 
10th, 1812, and organized, armed, and equipped according to Law. 

Your Excellency will please to order these Troops to Norfolk as soon 
as practicable, and direct them to report to Colonel Freeman or the officer 
commanding on that station, who will j>ost them for the defence of the 
town and Harbour. 

I am, &c. 


Your letter of the 9th Inst, and the accompanying papers I have July 27, 
received. Permit me to acknowledge the obligation I feel for the Hatter- Augusta 
tog terms in which you have been pleased to communicate my appoint- 
ment by the Executive as one of the Commissioners from this State, 
pursuant to an Act of the General Assembly of Virginia, for the purpose 
ol ascertaining and establishing the line between the lands reserved for 
the benefit of the officers and soldiers of the late Virginia Line in the 
deed of cession made bv the Commonwealth to the United States north- 
west of the Kiver Ohio, which appointment or Commission I accept, and 
shall proceed in due time, accident or ill health excepted, to the place 
l*>intwl out by the Act of Congress for the Commissioners to meet, and 
I beg you to be assured, Sir, shall in conjunction with the other Com- 
missioners, use my best endeavors to completely accomplish the object 
°f the mission. 

You request that I will suggest some suitable character as a surveyor 
to run the line in question. I therefore recommend to the Executive 
• aniuel Clarke, Esq., of Staunton, than whom I know not any Gentle- 
ni -'in more highly qualified, and who will accept, provided the Executive 
I,,a y think it proper to give him the appointment. 

I am, &c. 




July 30, 


James McKenney to the Governor. 

Our Government having been compelled to wage war against G. Britain, 
it becomes the duty of every able bodied citizen to step forward in de- 
fence of his own and his country's right. Under these considerations, 
my eldest son, a youth of seventeen years of age, would join any corps 
immediately at Norfolk or elsewhere, if in your opinion his services is 
wanted; if the war is likely to continue, as many more as can be spared 
from other business will also march to any place they may be needed. 
Your patriotic exertions to put the State in the best posxible posture of 
defence, calls forth my gratitude, and ought that of every man who is a 
well wisher to the State and nation at large. 

I am, <fec. 

P. S. — I have six sons, perhaps 3 of them could do either field or gar- 
rison duty. I will also go myself if the war should he hot, if I can 
possibly put my family in a situation to do without me. 

J. MeK. 

Sam'l McClure to the Governor. 

July 30, Soliciting that the arms hitherto promised by the Council for the 

iee ing (\ iva j r y (\ )U )pany commanded by him, consisting of eighty men, should 
be shipped by Raltimore to Wheeling, on the receipt of which the com- 
pany were ready to march when and where ordered. 

Wm. Price (Major 2nd Bat., WJtii Keu't) to the Governor. 

July ;U, Tenders his services as an otlicer, and earnestly requests to lie called 

Brunswick wil |, . u ^ ()f t j K , c H5t |, ]> e „» t ab ear jy as nm l t ,d. 

Kdm'd Li: cas to the Governor. 

August 3, I have the pleasure to inform you that I arrived at this place with my 
Smith tieM 8 ^ a j|- on Saturday evening last. I found at Kendevous Majors Nestell 
and Walls, Capt. Minetree's Company of Artillery from Pinwiddie, 
Capt. Smith's Infantry of the Line from Isle of Wight, and the Infantry 
of the Line from Surry. Capt. IMunt's Company, Infantry of the Line 
from Southampton, and Capt, Syke's Company of Light Infantry, 
arrived yesterday. Capt. Maclin's Infantry of the Line from Brunswick, 
and Capt. Laniifs Company of Light Infantry from Sussex, arrived to- 


The Camp equipage, stores, &c, has not as yet arrived ; suppose they 1812. 
must l>c detained by contrary winds. So soon as they arrive, we shall sn"i?Mield 
proceed to march immediately to Norfolk. Capt. Syke's Company ot 
Light infantry having not been supplied with arms, Major Nestcll and 
myself have thought it bent (with the approbation of Capt. Minetree) to 
arm them with the muskets belonging to Captain Minetree's Artillery 
Company. Conceiving the service will be benefited thereby, hope it will 
meet with your active approbation. We experience considerable incon- 
venience on account of medical stores. The extreme heat and fatigue 
having disordered several of the troops marching from a distance. I, 
however, feel a hope so soon as we arrive at Head Quarters and give 
them some rest, they will recover from their indisposition. 

I assure you, Sir, I feel considerable satisfaction in informing you that 
I am highly pleased with the Majors attached to my Regiment, particu- 
larly Major Nestell, whose long experience (in the Revolution to obtain 
that Independence which we are now called on to protect) is of con- 
siderable benefit to me. 

I am, &c. 

A. Tuum to the Governor. 

Your favor of the 9th ulto., accompanied by a warrant constituting me August 3, 
one of the Commission to run a line between the binds reserved by the Mont #>mery 
Commonwealth for the benefit of the officers and soldiers of the Virginia 
line, and lying between the river Scioto and Miami, in the State of Ohio, 
a "d the other lands ceded by the Commonwealth to the United States, 
( *nic safe to hand last night. 

Accept my thanks personally for the polite and flattering communica- 
tor and the assurance that it excites my sensibility not more on ac- 
count of the honor than as an evidence of the Executive confidence. I 
accept the appointment, and will endeavour to deserve it. 

with re?i>ect to a surveyor, I know no character who follows that pro- 
"ission in whom I could place greater confidence than in Mr. Gordon 
'°yd. I have this morning consulted his feelings by a note, and re- 
Ceivet l the enclosed answer. 

I am, <fec. 

Sprixofield, 8th Avtj. y '12. 

Drak Sir, — Your intimation that I would be nominated to the cxecu- 
lVe for the purpose of running the line in Ohio between certain lands, I 
re <*ived by Capt. Trigg. 



1812. You may, Sir, mention my name, and if I meet with the appointment 

I will serve. 

I am, Sir, with respect, 

Your most Humble scrv't, 

Gordon Cloyd. 
Gen 1 ! Ahram Trigg. 

Richard Coriun to the Governor. 

August 8, I have the pleasure to communicate to you that the artillery company 
Queen Co un der m >' command, do not view with apathy or indifference the present 
crisis of our political affairs, nor are they content merely to approve the 
Patriotic exertions which may be made by others in the defence of our 
common rights, but they also wish to afford their own services in a con- 
test so glorious, for which purpose they have unanimously entered into 
the following resolution : 

At a meeting of the Artilley Company commanded by Capt. Richard 
Corbin, at King & Queen Court House, on the first day of August, 1812, 
the time of service for which a number of the Company had enlisted 
having expired, they again tender themselves, and the following reso- 
lution was entered into by the Company : 

Resolved unanimously, that the services of the u King & Queen 
Artillery Blues " be immediately tendered to the Governor of Virginia 
to perform the next tour of duty. 

The officers and men of the K. & Q. Artillery Blues. 

Wm. Shannon, John Walker, and Jos. Caldwell to the 


August 13 W° have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's 
Petersburg communication of the 29th, in answer to ours of the 26th ulto., and 
agreeably to your request, we have made the necessary inquiry relative 
to the number of Volunteer Companies at this time attached to the 39th 
Reg't, and find the result as follows, viz.: 1st Battalion — 2 Companies In- 
fantry, Capt's Claiborne and Conway. 2nd — 1 Company Infantry, 
Capt. Taylor; 1 Troop Horse, Capt. Hart; 1 Do. Artillery, Capt. Minetrev. 
Being ignorant of Law on this subject, we submit to your Excellency 
the above statement, with a request that should the above mentioned 
number of Volunteer Companies prove insufficient, you will be pleased 
to let us know as soon as convenient. 

We are, ifce. 


J. P. Moon to the Governor. 

Tenders by request the services of his Rifle company of Campbell 1812. 
County to the Governor for six months whenever called on. Campbell' 


John Oonnel to Gen'l Brums. 

The enclosed is this moment received, and think proper to send a August 27, 
Trooper to apprize you of it I hope such information so often re- Charleston 
<*ived warrant your ordering out the men that have volunteered them- 
selves. AH I ask is your orders to move. 

I am, <&c. 

Pittsburg, Augwd 25th, 1812. 

An Express (Mr. John Alford) from Warren has just arrived at Pitts- 
burg, and brings the following confirmation of the late disasterous intelli- 
gence; something certainly ought to be done either by the Military or 
Inhabitants of Pittsburg for the relief of the Frontier. Mr. Alford left 
Warren yesterday morning. 

Tn Mnjor-Gnicral Wad*worth. 

Cleveland, 22nd Ang't, 1812. 

Sir,— The forts Mackana, Detriot and Mawmie at the westward are in 
ljosscssion of the British, and from the best information we can procure, 
the Enemy were at Huron last evening on their way to this place and we 
expect them every moment. 

It has been determined on by the inhabitants to make a stand at this 
place. The troops are marching in to our assistance from the adjacent 
Towns. We wish all the assistance which can be procured. 

Yours respectfully, 

Gayks Pease, Brig. Major. 
Sam'l Jones, Major. 

^- B. — It is of the utmost importance that expedition is used, and if 
** e Troops are furnished it will be of great use on this pressing occasion, 
Hit be sure to be on the spot without delay. 






1812. I am commanded by the President to request your Excellency to call 

Wa^Kepart- out > arm a,K * ^"'P fifte en hundred of the detached Militia Jnfantryof 
ment Virginia as soon as practicable. 

This force is destined to co-operate with the Northwestern army, and 
it is submitted to your Excellency to have the troops detached and ren- 
dezvoused at such part of the State as you may judge most convenient 
for their march to the western frontier of Ohio. 

The recent issues of arms, equipments, and Camp equipage, render it 
necessary to require these troops should furnish themselves, or be sup- 
plied for their march from the Arsenals of the State. 

I am, <fcc. 

John Connell to the Governor. 

Sept 1, Your order under date of June 25 was not delivered to me until the 

Brooke C.II. 29th u i t > —bcforc this time you will have received intelligence that the 
Traitor Hull has sold our army and our Country so far as was in his 
j>owcr. Our fellow citizens of the State of Ohio requested our aid. I com- 
municated that request by Express to General Biggs, and on the same 
day on further information received by me, I repeated my application as 
you will observe by the enclosed copies. His answer was verbal, that he 
had received no orders that would justify him in ordering out the vol- 
unteers. Your orders of June 25th were at that time in his possession 
(since delivered to me). I, however, continued to rouse the spirit of the 
Regiment, believing that our voluntary aid given in this hour of danger 
be approved by your Excellency and by the General Government. A 
committee of respectable Gentlemen came forward and offered their aid 
in furnishing supplies. You will learn with pleasure that 250 of yoUT 
sons are now assembling at this point, determined to avenge our Coun- 
try's wrongs. We shall march to-morrow completely cquipt with amis, 
ammunition, provisions, waggons. Tents, &c, unless it shall appear that 
our assistance is not necessary. Our Cavalry volunteered, although with- 
out arms generally, determined to take Rifles, and act as occasion may 
require. Think of us as to arms, &c. The mail is waiting, I shall atlvitf 
you of our movements. 

I am, tfce. 

M. L. Miller (Capt. 2nd Batt., 33rd Rbu't) to the Govern™- 
Sept. 1 Tendering services of his Rifle Company for six months. 


James Marshel to the Governor. 

Ou receiving authentic information that General Hull had surrendered 1812. 
the Fort of Detroit with all the Troops under his command to the British B **& K, 
army under General Brock, it was believed by a number of respectable 
inhabitants of this county to be our duty to raise a volunteer corps for 
the protection of the Frontiers untill the Government should provide 
more adequate means to repel the enemy. Colo. John Conn el, an officer 
of some experience, tendered his services, and is this day ready to march 
to the Frontiers in the direction to Detroit, with about two hundred vol- 
unteers, but on receiving information that the Frontier inhabitants 
immediately opposite to us are sufficiently covered at present, we have 
thought it most advisable to suspend the march of this detachment for a 
few days ; in the mean time they will be held in readiness to act as cir- 
cumstances may require. For the equipment of this Detachment, four 
other citizens of this county, viz., Geo. Jetter, Robert Hartford, Wm. 
Wartenbe, Jacob Decamp and myself, have also volunteered our services 
and supplied about thirty days provision, with such quantity of arms, 
ammunition and Tents, <fec, as were in our power to procure, together 
with baggage wagons and pack horses for their transportation. It will 
perhaps be satisfactory to my colleagues to have your Excellency's ap- 
probation for this service, together with such assurance as you shall think 
proper to give, that we shall be reimbursed our actual expenses, which 
will be very trifling indeed if the service of this Detachment shall not 
be required. In that case the principle expense will be money advanced 
for the linen which is made into Tents and napsacks for the men. On 
the provisions, ammunition, Arc. there will be no loss either to the pub- 
lic or to us, every article being purchased at the current cash price. Per- 
uiitino to observe; tlmt the want of arms is .severely felt in this County, 
particularly Hides, and swords and pistols for the Cavalry. Ammuni- 
tion uj also much wanted. If these articles are furnished by the Gov- 
ernment, your Excellency may rest assured the Militia of Brooke county 
will do their duty. 

I am, &c. 

'frciiARD E. Parker (Lieutenant-Colonel) to the Governor. 

The intelligence of the unaccountable, and I fear shameful surrender Sept. 5, 

* Oeneral Hull has just reached me. It seems to me time that Virginia Wcstmore- 
i land 

' ,0l Ud display her ancient spirit. With the truly brave, misfortune only 
* rv es to call forth dormant energies, and to excite latent powers. The 
rr »»r» we commit teach us how to repair them, and in any event the 
^Public is never to be dispaired of. 


1812. In common with every Virginian I feel for the public calamity, and 

\Vtetmore- W * 8U to con tnbute my mite of service to retrieve the national honor. If 
land the quota of Virginia, or any part of it is ordered to the westward I am 
anxious to make one. I have Youth and Health, and might supply the 
place of the aged or infirm, or of one who could not be so easily spared 
by the State. Under these impressions I again tender my services, and 
pray that I may not be overlooked. 

I am, tfcc. 

Edmund Lucas to the Governor. 

8ent. <*, Soliciting pay for the officers and men under his command at Norfolk, 

in order that they may supply themselves with necessary clothing. 

James Faulkner (Capt. Artillery) to the Governor. 

Sept. 7, You will please accept my thanks for rescinding the order made of my 

rtinsburg resignation. Since that war has been declared and General Hull surren- 
dered to an inferior force, now is the time for more Troops to march, and 
I can assure your Excellency that there is not an officer in the State that 
will receive your order to march with more pleasure. 

My object in writing this is to remind your Excellency that I command 
as good a company as any in the United States, and if you will favor us 
with a call I will answer for it, will do honor to themselves and their 
count rv. 

I am, «&c. 

W. Eustis (Sect'y War) to the Governor. 

Sept. 7, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's let- 

"^leiit* 1 * er °^ * ne *^ n > nic l° sm £ your general orders for detaching the Militia 
required by mine of the 1st Instant. The zeal and patriotism evinced 
on this occasion are justly appreciated. 

A Blank commission of Assistant Deputy Quarter Master is transmitted 
with a request that your Excellency will select and fill the Blank with 
the name of some Gentleman who will faithfully discharge the duties of 
that office. 

Ten Thousand Dollars will be ordered to the Credit of vour Excellenev 
to be put in the hands of such assistant Deputant Quarter Master as you 
may appoint for the necessary Expenses of the Troops in that Depart- 
ment on their march from the place of Rendezvous. His receipt will 


cancel the charge which will be made against your Excellency for the <J 812 .; 
present The Pay Master of the Army is directed to adopt measures for War J ^part- 
paying the Troops after they shall have joined the Rendezvous. Arrange- ment 
tnento have also been made for paying the Militia at Norfolk. The 
necessary information and orders will be transmitted to General Leftwich 
at Point Pleasant. 

I am, &c. 

P. S.— The contractor will be directed to issue Rations to the Troops 
at Point Pleasant, &c, on their march. 

Archd. Woods to the Governor. 

frojjosing to have arms manufactured in Wheeling of the same quality sept. 8, 
an *J price as are made at Richmond, sufficient for the Wheeling Troop of Wheeling 
Cavalry, to the amount of eighty stand. 

Philix' Pryor (Capt. 1st Div. and 1st Keut.) to the Governor. 

Tendering the services of his company of cavalry for six months Sept. 10, 
wfoirx the State of Virginia. Brunswick 

John Connell to the Governor. 

Y^>Ur favors of the 3rd and 4th current was duly received by your Sept. 15 
tx l>**ess last night. I am truly sensible and grateful for the distinguished 
honor conferred on me by the appointment to so distinguished a coiu- 
mai Ul, and confidently hope that such services as I am capable of render- 
lu 8» will meet your approbation, and that of every friend to our beloved 

I have issued orders to the several Captains of the Infantry of the 
bme ? an( j fa c a pt Pugh of the Rifle corps, to meet me at Charleston on 
* u fc$day the 22nd with the requisition required by your orders of the 
Uth of April last, and doubt not but that your sons of the North-West 
Writer of the State will do their duty. 

^ly Staff is complete, and formed of Gentlemen fit and capable of per- 
° ri *Ung service. My Quarter Master is now employing the necessary 

n v^yance of the Baggage. 

* shall proceed to Point Pleasant by water, that being the cheapest and 
IOj *t expeditious way of arriving there. 

^**pt. Wileoxon's and Capt. Congleton's Companies of Light Infantry, 


1812. and Capt. McClany's Troop of Light-horse feel damped at not having the 
Sept. 15 honor to bc on the firet ca]1 

The Infantry have arms. The Cavalry have none. I feel ashamed to 
meet those brave men when asked by them for arms. 

For God's sake — for my sake — for our country's sake, arm these people 

as soon as possible. They are brave, active, and willing and ready to do 

duty. With regret I have to leave these men. God bless you and prosper 

our cause. 

I am, &c. 

1). J. Claiuorne (Surgeon 4tii Reg't, 1st Brigade) to tub 


Sept 16, Informing of the prevalence of bilious fever in the Bedford Artillery 
Fort Norfolk Company — Twenty-six cases and two deaths. Petitioning for removal 
to the upper country until cool weather. Asking for better shelter for 
the Troops there before bad weather. 

Jeremiah II. Neill (Cap't) to the Governor. 

Sept. 24, In the requisition of the Militia of this State, May last, I was so for- 
Lee County tunaU) ^ to get tne coniman( t f the volunteers from the 94th Ucu't. 

Being young and ardent in the love of country, I have felt very much 
disappointed that a call for my services and those of the patriotic com- 
pany which 1 command, should have been deferred so long. The hardy 
sons of West Virginia have not been inattentive to the wrongs which 
have insulted our Country, and we are emulous to join our brethren m 
arms to avenge them. The Company under my command make nie 
their organ to present a tender of their services to your Excellency, awl 
with them I join in a petition that we may receive orders to march on 
the first requisition made to your Excellency. 

We can be ready at a moments warning, and I believe there is not a 
man belonging to the corps who would not fall bleeding under the 
standard of American Liberty rather than retire from the field of Battle 
with disgrace. 

In the name of the Company, 

I am, «fcc. 

David Saindeks (Colo' 91st Ke«s't) to the Governor. 

October 2, Reporting the number and condition of the public arms in the !*»• 
Bedford Co. session of the 91st Regiment. 


Joel Leftwitch (B. G.) to the Governor. 

I have the honor to inform your Excellency that I arrived at this 1812. 
ace on the 26th ult., at 3 o'clock P. M., finding only a Lieutenant and °^{^ 3 ' 
jhteen men, part of the quota from the county of Mason. A few days Pleasant 
ter which the troops began to come in briskly, and detachments arrive 
oiost daily. The whole of the field officers are now present except 
ajor McGuire, and from the morning re|K>rts of this day, including a 
w that are absent on furlough, there are in Camp 825 men, officers ill- 
usive. There have been no arrivals of troops from the Counties of 
ampshire, Hardy, Monongalia and Randolph. But it is understood 
at they are in motion, and are expected in five or six days. 
Those present are generally fine looking men, in high spirits and 
althy, and as far as I have yet observed, discover a disposition to pay 
ie respect to the commands of their officers. Among the Rifle com- 
mies there is a considerable deficiency of Rifles. Those unarmed ap- 
aredon their arrival to be much opposed to the idea of receiving mus- 
ts, but the necessity of complying with the requisitions of your 
icellency being explained, the opposition appears mostly to have sub- 

Information has been just received that the military stores and camp 
uipage are afloat on the Kanawha and will probably be here to-morrow, 
circumstance that will be truly pleasing to me and gratifying to the 
K)ps who have heretofore encamped in Companies and detachments 
ider the direction of their officers, as best suited their convenience and 
commodation. From the best information I have received respecting 
e route we expect to march as hinted in your Excellency's special 
iere of the 4th ult., it is considered almost impracti cable to march an 
my with expedition without a travelling forge, for the procuring of 
rich I have made arrangements, but am not yet certain that my pur- 
se will be effected. The difficulty of procuring cartridges appears to 
insurmountable in consequence of the scarcity of powder. Flints are 
^ted to be in great demand towards the place of destination. 
Your Excellency will please to receive these hints relative to incon- 
niences as arising from a consciousness of my duty to make the 
presentation. And be assured, Sir, that every exertion shall be made 
my power to cause the troops I have the honor to command to be 
fviceable to our country, and an honour to the State from which they 
3 about to be detached. I anticipate the pleasure of having the troops 
°rtly arranged and equipped ready to execute the orders of your 
<cellency or the Secretary of War. 

I am, &c. 


Joel Leftwich (B. G.) to the Governor. 

1812. I have at length the satisfaction to inform your Excellency by Ex] 

Od**? r ' ,2 > that the troops which I have the honor to command have collect 

Pleasant the general rendezvous, except some small detachments which ar 

expected from the 14th and 106th Regiments which have not prod 

but little more than half their quotas. 

A partial organization has been effected for the better regulation 
disciplining of the troops subject to alterations when the whol 
collected, the last company of which came in last evening. The oi 
zation shall now be effected immediately, and a correct return forwj 
to your Excellency. From the Regimental morning reports of this 
there are in camp and on furlough, thirteen hundred and eleven 
including Officers, and 319 Blankets are wanting. It seems impracti 
to procure them, without which the troops must evidently suffer gr 
as they have to act in a very cold climate and at a severe season o 
year. It is confidently hoped that if possible the interposition of 
ernment will remedy this inconvenience. We are also in want of ar 
nition, axes, spades and shovels, and such articles as are absol 
necessary, all of which might be readily procured if we had funds. 
Paymaster stationed here refused to reimburse the Captain witl 
money they expended for provisions in conveying their com pan 
this place. They have been at considerable expense, and murmur* 
being refused the money they had expended for the public good. 
Paymaster did not think himself authorized by his instructions to a 
such claims, and it was with much difficulty I could silence their 
mu rings, by stating that some unintentional failure had produced 
inconvenience, and the willingness of Government to discharge 

I rece'd a letter from the Honorable Secretary at War directing i 
march as soon as possible to the frontier of Ohio, and report mys 
the commanding officer of the N. W. army. The same day I rece't 
from General Harrison, dated "Piqua, Sept'r 27th," in which I w 
formed that my destination is Wooster, in the County of Wayr 
miles west of Canton, and my route through New Lisbon and Ca 
The Virginia detachment and that from Pennsylvania unite at \V< 
and form the right wing of the army, to be commanded by the £ 
Officer, and march to the rapids of Miami. 

I am preparing with all possible speed to hasten on to Woostei 
expect to start in a very short time. All the troops not having an 
I shall leave an officer at this place to conduct them after us when 

I found it indispensible to appoint a Brigade Staff pro tern., and 
made some arrangements to get ammunition. 


The military Stores arrived the 4th inst, without much injury. The 1812. 
Tents are distributed and a regular encampment formed. The Infantry 0c pJ^[ t 12 ' 
are furnished with arms and accoutrements, and such of the riflemen as Pleasant 
are without Rifles will have muskets placed in their hands to-morrow. 

As we shall march up the Ohio, if your Excellency should have any 
communications to make relative to reimbursing the Capt's or furnishing 
pecuniary supplies to purchase indispensible requisites, an express could 
intercept us at Charleston on the Ohio. The troops appear brave and 
willing to encounter any inconvenience that can be surmounted, but that 
of blankets is insurmountable. 

I am, &c. 

Lemuel Cornick to tiie Governor. 

Recommending for appointment as Commissioner of Wrecks for Princess October 13, 
Anne County in place of Thomas Cornick, deed., either John Cornick, Anncf 8 
John T. Keeling, or Adam Cornick. 

Also asking leave to change his company from Infantry to flying 


Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Recommending Arthur S. Woodhouse for appointment as Commissioner October 13, 
°f Wrecks for the County of Princess Anne. Norfolk 

Tuos. Lytt. Savage to the Governor. 

I am requested to state to your Excellency that by the death of Tully Nov. 3, 
k Wise, Esq'r, the late Sheriff, our county is without an officer of that N °rthamp- 
description, and to solicit the favor of you to send on a commission for 
John Upshur, sen'r, who is the person next named in the recommendation 
'^t sent on. 

I am. ifec. 

John Connell to the Governor. 

Agreeably to your orders I repaired to Point Pleasant with the Quota Nov. 11, 

°* Hien from Brooke, where we arrived on the 2nd of October. I confess i 9 a i mp at 

that I felt disappointed on finding that no person was authorized to pay 

' le expanses of furnishing the troops boats, waggons, <fec, the whole of 

w hich was furnished by some Gentlemen of Brooke and myself. 




1812. The accounts of expenses will be forwarded, and I hope will be ira- 

Camp at mem ately discharged. For want of funds the troojis were detained sev- 
Delewarc eral days, and with all the aid of Major Turner our movements were 
slower than could have been wished. 

General Harrison is now at this place making arrangements for out 
further movements. The Paymaster Gen'l of the U. States has decided 
that the Staff shall be taken from the line, or only receive ten dollars pel 
month. Under the laws of Virginia, which I conceive leave the choice 
with the Colo' of each Regiment, I made the best selection in my power 
and should the General Assembly not Justify, but let the U. States absorb 
all the power of construing the State Laws, and of course compelling m< 
to select from materials not competent to discharge the duties, I shal 
with regret retire to private life and their await the fate of my country 

I am compelled from a sense of duty to inform your Excellency thai 
several of the officers and privates have shamefully abandoned th( 
Standard of their Country, and disgraced the name of themselves ai 

Capt. Peck of Harrison, and Lt. I^arimore of Hampshire, have botl 
resigned, I believe more from Bashfulness than inability. I hope theii 
names will be blotted from the Records of Virginia. A number of mer 
have deserted, but are now daily bringing in, and some returning of theii 
own accord, fearing that which shall be fully inflicted, the punishment 
of the law. 

Please to accept my best respects, and present them to all my acquain 
tances now at Richmond in hopes of a successful campaign. 

I am, <feo. 

The services rendered by Col. Robert H. Harrison in our revolutionary 
war were of that distinguished character to be known to the whole army 
to the Congress who conducted the affairs of the revolution, and in genera 
to the American people. In the commencement of the war he was in 
vited by the commander in chief to join him as aid do camp and principl 
Secretary, and lie served in that station with as pure and unsullied 
fame as any person ever enjoyed. 

In all the actions in which General Washington commanded, Colon* 
Harrison was present near the Person of the General, and exposed wit 
him to equal danger. He assisted as I have always understood, in th 
Councils of war, where his opinions were highly respected. He was th 
faithful depositary of the secret Councils of the General, of the conf 
dential communications to him from Congress, of the military mov< 
ments that were intended to be made, and of all those secret councils c 
the preservation of which the success of the army and of the revolutic 


itself depended; and he was a must virtuous, able and active agent in 1812. 
promoting every measure that was decided on. In the most gloomy 
]>eriods of the revolution, he was firm, persevering and undaunted. I 
particularly remember that fn the ever memorable retreat through Jersey, 
his example in aid of that illustrious commander in chief, cheered the 
damping spirits of others, and animated them to action, No person was 
more brave than Col. Harrison, none more faithful, and I say with con- 
fidence, that few, very few, rendered more im]>ortant services to their 
country. Had he sought promotion in the army there can be no doubt 
that he might easily have obtained it, but he had no such ambition ; to 
be eminently useful in the station which he held was the sole object of 
his heart 

It is impossible to look back to this eventful period, and especially to 

the great achievements of the army in which he sustained so distinguished 

and useful a part, by the various imj>ortant and complicated duties he 

had to jierfortn, without being deeply impressed with a sense of his rare 

merit and acknowledging with gratitude his very important services. He 

did not leave the army till the liberties of his country were secured, nor 

then till his constitution had received a severe shock. He was then 

withdrawn from it by the generous confidence of the State of Maryland, 

of which he was a native, although he had left and settled in Virginia 

many years before the commencement of the revolution. By the General 

Assembly of that State he was appointed its chief justice; no sooner 

however was an opportunity offered to the late commander in chief than 

he seized it to bestow on him a new and strong proof of his confidence 

and attachment, as well as of his high respect for his merit. On the 

adoption of the present constitution of the United States, when General 

Washington was called to the head of the Government, he appointed 

Col. Harrison a Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States. His 

Constitution however was too far exhausted to permit him to enter on the 

duties of that Office. He set out to undertake them, but did not survive 

the effort. 

I certify these facts from a personal knowledge of them in their most 

ini]M)rtant circumstances, having served myself in our revolutionary war 

three campaigns, those of 1770-7 and 8, in the first as Lieu't in the 3rd 

Virginia Regiment, and in the two last as aide de camp to Major General 

I»rd Sterling, and they were afterwards known to me in common with 

other citizens who enjoyed public trusts by which they became acquainted 

with public affairs. The Documents, however, of the late army and of 

the Congress will sufficiently prove the facts. Of the recompense which 

Colo' Harrison received for his important services, I can say very little. 

I have no doubt, however, that he received nothing more than his pay 

by the month, depreciated as it was when received. He was among the 

most diffident of men and the last to set up a pretention or to make any 

claim for his services. 



1812. It is proper for me to add that Colo' Harrison stood on the same 

ground in relation to Virginia that I did in the campaigns of 1777 and 8, 
in which I acted as aid de camp to Major General Lord Sterling. After 
that appointment I ceased to belong to the Virginia Line, nor did Lord 
Sterling command the troops of that State but of Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania, yet the State of Virginia, regarding the service, made me the same 
allowance in land and depreciation of pay as if I had remained in the 
Line of the State. 
Given under my hand at Washington this 23rd of November, 1812. 

Jas. Monroe. 

Note. — The above letter appears lo have been written in support of a 
Memorial of Sarah Easton and Dorothy Storer, daughters of the above 
mentioned Robert H. Harrison, to the General Assembly of Virginia, 
filed with Mr. Monroe's Letters. — Ed. 

John Cropper to the Governor. 

Nov. 24. Last night I returned home from Norfolk where I lately finished my 
^Co^T* * our m a ^nding to the training of the Officers and reviewing the regi- 
ments of the 9th Brigade, and I am pleased with the improvement of 
the officers and men of each corps, which in addition to their own in- 
dustry and zeal, I think much increased by the activity and intelligence 
of Major Maurice the Brigade inspector. It will be seen by the Brigade 
return, on its way to the Adjutant General's office, that arms and accou- 
trements are wanting, which I bey your Excellency to have sent in sei>- 
arate boxes for each regiment, to the care of Colo' Sharp at Norfolk, who 
will forward them without delay. After the review of the 54th Regiment, 
I went to Fort Norfolk to see its situation, and was conducted by Major 
Nestte accompanied by Major Wells, through every department of it- 
Colonel Lucas was very ill at the time, and many of the Infantry under 
his command sick, and those not on the sick list were represented to be 
dissatisfied. There does not appear to be that harmony amongst the 
Officers of the infantry and Artillery that could be wished. Major 
Nestte is represented to be very diligent and useful, but I fear that Lucas 
and Wells (both no doubt honest, patriotic men) ore unacquainted and 
perhaps uneasy in their situations, and that there does not exist that 
unity between Fort Nelson and Fort Norfolk which ought to do for the 
effectual defence of them. My apology for making to you this com- 
munication respecting those forts must be my anxiety for the protection 
of this section of the Commonwealth and my duty to you as the Com- 
mander in chief. 

I am, <Src. 


Armistead T. Mason to the Governor. 

In a letter which I had the honor to address to vou in June last. I 1812. 
formed you that I had taken measures to have the public arms be- %?Y' "°» 
lging to the 57 Regiment repaired, and I promised as soon as they 
ire ready for use to give you notice of it. I now communicate that 
formation. The muskets, bayonets, Cartouch boxes and belts which 
tre sent to Frederick Town to be repaired, have been brought back in 
cellent order. The Brass six-pounder is in complete readiness for ser- 
«. and is placed under the direction of Capt. Wilkinson of the Artill- 
jr, who is with his company detailed for duty. 

The Artillery and the Infantry of this Regiment which are ordered to 
in readiness to march at a moments warning, are as well prepared for 
rviceas they are likely to be until they are actually ordered to march, 
have in vain endeavored to make the men uniform themselves as the 
ff directs. Even some of the Officers detailed for duty have hitherto 
iled to procure their Uniform, and it is certain that the privates will 
►t procure theirs before they receive marching orders. 
I have to repeat that the Officers are not provided with side arms, and 
at Capt. Wilkinson's company of Artillery is without swords and all 
her arms except the Brass six pounder above mentioned which is with 
I Ha necessary apparatus in complete order. 

The 300 Muskets, &c., which you sent to this Regiment have enabled 
e to arm effectually the Infantry detailed for service, and several other 
mpanies of the Regiment. 

I am, &c. 

Van Rutherford to the Governor. 

vbout seventy citizens of this county have associated as Volunteers, n ov . 25, 

1 have through Gen. John Smith (of the House of Representatives), Slicplicnls- 

:T <%\ their services to the President of the United States. (Jenl. Smith 

Answer writes us that the Secretary of War informed him "That the 

,l »pa»y would be received, provided the provisions of the Volunteer 

w were complied with;" these provisions demand the Volunteer to be 

u <icl, clothed, and equipped ready for the field at his own expense. 

^ow, sir, Ardent as most of our young men are to serve their country, 

8 utterly out of their power to comply with these conditions. There- 

e 1 beg leave through you, Sir, to solicit the aid of the Commonwealth 

Virginia as to the necessity of equipments. 

* do it at the request and on behalf of the Company, being chosen by 

eir suffrage their Captain commandant. The Gentlemen who will have 


1812. the honor of delivering this, is well qualified to give you any particular 
si m»I "rdH- "^formation which you may think necessary. We have volunteered our 
town services an Riliemen. 

I am, <fcc. 

Peyton Drew to the Governor. 

November, It appearing to the Court upon inspection, that many of the Records 
(ten. Court () f ^ le p roceec ii n «r S f the General Court before the Revolution, are in a 

state of great decay and will probably in a few years become illegible, 

It is Ordered that the clerk do represent the same to the Executive with 

the Request of this Court that the same may he communicated to the 


I am, &c. 

Jas. Faulkner to the Governor. 

Dec. 2, Since I had the honor of receiving a letter from Charles K. Mallory, 

Martinsburg y j8i ^ covering a list of the names of the Officers of the 1st Battalion of 
the 3rd Regt. of Virginia Artillery, I have called upon them for returns 
of the strength of their companies, the number in complete uniform, and 
the state of their side arms and ordnance. It appears from the return!? 
that I have received, that there is some without any kind of arms what- 
ever to Parade with, therefore as must be expected, but few or none in 
uniform; but it is with a great degree of pleasure that I have it in my 
power to state to your Excellency that they are ready and willing to 
march when called on to resent the injuries, and maintain the honor of 
their country in the present contest. Among the number I mention par- 
ticularly, the Company formerly under the command of Capt. Stubling. 
but now of Capt. Sowers, for being completely equipped for service, even 
to their knapsacks, and I beg leave to request -your Excellency's attention 
to Capt. Fishhack of Wythe, and Lieut. Smith of Washington, who now 
commands the Company lately under the command of Capt. Jones that 
gave in his resignation to the Col. of the Militia of Washington County, 
in furnishing them with side arms and ordnance with the least jKissibh' 
delay, as they are ambitious to become acquainted with their discipline, 
and to have their men in full uniform if called on duty. I would ah>° 
beg leave to suggest to your Excellency the necessity of the Legislature 
passing a Law putting the Artillerists of Virginia on as favorable footing 
as the Artillerists of our Sister States, in either appropriating the tines 
of the Companies, or allowing them so much Powder and Ball yearly 
for practice, for without ammunition it is impossible ever to learn the 
proper use of their cannon. 

I am, &c. 


In the House of Delegates, Friday, Dec. 4th, IS 12. 1812. 

The Hon'blc Robert Nelson was this da)', by joint ballot of l>oth 
wises of the General Assembly, elected Judge of the Superior Court of 
lancery for the Distriet of Williamsburg, to supply the vacancy occa- 
•nd by the death of the Hon'blc Sam'l Tyler. 

Wm. Munford, C. II. D. 

Gbo. Homers Clark by W. Croohan to the Governor. 

General George Rogers Clark, by a paralytic stroke he received about ^ ]5 f 

)c years ago being deprived of the use of right side and unable to ^ eft - f ii , 

tc, requests I would inform your Excellency that by the last mail he Kentucky 

ived your very flattering — of the 29th of October, where you do 

i the honor of approving in the highest manner his conduct as an 

?cr in the service of the State of Virginia during the revolutionary 

. This letter of yours with the very honorable manner his name is 

itioncd by the General Assembly in their Law of last se&sion, have 

raved on his breast sentiments of the highest respect and gratitude. 

ttering indeed he says it is to him to find that his exertions when 

lg his Duty should meet the approbation of so respectable a body of 

fellow citizens as your Excellency and the General Assembly of Vir- 


'he General flatters himself that a conveyance will sobn offer by which 
sword (voted to him by the General Assembly) may be forwarded, 
mid he hear of any person coming from Virginia to this State, he says 
will get them to apply for it; he is much obliged by your polite offer 
transmitting to him the money the Assembly voted him last session, 
I says he will probably take the liberty of troubling you. 
The General requests to make a tender to you of his thanks for your 
v polite and friendly attention to him. 

I am with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedt. servant. 

Wm. Tatham to the Governor. 

In my letter to you dated 10th May last, it is stipulated in conformity j)^.. 15 

to your request and my confidence, that the rough, or copy of my Washington 

nmunication to you containing 50 pages on the defence of Norfolk and 

-'adjacent maritime frontiers, together with the same of such connexions 

?rewith as I had not time to copy, should be transmitted to me. 

^is being hitherto unattended to, and the whole being in preparation 



1812. for the Senate of the United States, where it will be on the tapis before 
Washincton y° u reco ^ ve ^" 8 > ^ w ^' ne important that your Excellency transmits these? 
County documents to care of the department of State without delay — what you. 
need of them will be returned speedily. 

I am, <fec. 

A. Walker to the Governor. 

Dec. 23, Announcing the death of Colo. Lucas, Commandant of Fort Norfolk, 

Brunswick , _, . , . . . . 

County a,lf » ottering his services as his successor. 

Brunswick, 214 Dec, 1812. 

Thomas Machin and Wm. Pritchett recommend Colo. Alexander 
Walker as successor to Colo. Lucas for the command of Fort Norfolk. 

Dec. 23, 

Rob't B. Taylor to the Governor. 

I received by the last mail your letter covering a Commission as 
Brigadier-General of the 9th Brigade, pursuant to a vote of the General 

The kind and flattering manner in which you have communicated it, 
claims my warmest acknowledgements. I beg you to believe, Sir, that 
such a proof of public confidence would at no time be received by me 
without the most lively emotions. 

The time and circumstances under which it has been conferred in- 
spire my warmest gratitude to the Legislature, and bind me by every 
generous tie to the Country which has so highly honored me. I will 
not, however, conceal from you that on receiving the first intelligence of 
this appointment, my best judgment decided me to decline it. Attached 
both by habit and choice to the Cavalry service, I never meditated or 
desired a change. This generous confidence in the legislature moreover, 
demanded the sacrifice of every view of personal promotion at the 
shrine of public duty. It would be an unworthy requital of the favor 
of my country if with the consciousness of my inexperience and inad- 
equacy, I accepted a station vastly disproportionate to my powers. Con- 
nected as it has been by your letter with the offer of immediate service, 
and probably with the chief command at this place, these motions have 
been strengthened. The safety of this part of the State and the glory 
of our arms may depend on the talent with which it is executed. I 
dare not trust those precious objects to the guardianship of a zeal, 


which however ardent and devoted, is equally destitute of experience or 1812. 
instruction. g^ 

For those reasons I earnestly wish to decline the appointment, while I 
cheerfully accept the proposal of immediate service. 

The Executive has already honored me far, very far l>eyond my 
merit.*, hy promotion in the Cavalry. Not wholly uninstructcd in that 
service, though I dare not aspire at distinction, I may hope to be not 
entirely unserviceable. 

I beg, therefore, that my services may he accepted in that situation 
where they may be employed most usefully to the State and most satis- 
factorily to me. In such an arrangement I do not ask such a force as is 
suited to my rank, but any, however inferior, which the Executive may 

I will not, however, conceal the embarrassment which the office of 
immediate service as Hrigadier has occasioned me. Should the Execu- 
tive consent to accept my services in the Cavalry, I decline, without 
hesitation, the Commission now proffered. But if the offer of service 
he inseparably connected with the new appointment, if I am to be ex- 
cluded from the field except in this new office, I have no alternative but 
to accept it My Country may have cause to regret my inadequacy, but 
she shall never doubt my readiness to devote my life to her defence. 

In this last event, I hope it will not be deemed arrogant if I solicit 
of the Executive the selection of some officers who are willing to accom- 
pany me into service, and on whose talents, activity, and skill I should 
greatly rely to sustain me in my command. I would beg too that as 
much time should be allowed me for previous arrangements as the pub- 
lick good may seem to authorize. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Tatham to the Governor. 

I do myself the honor to request that you will be pleased to make q^ 2 7 
known to the authorities or persons to whom it may belong, to provide Washington 
for the safety of your ports, harbours, or rivers, or to any respectable 
body of our citizens who may be associated for such purpose, that I am 
prepared to demonstrate by such drawings or models as may be reason- 
a % required of me, the means of securely fortifying any point or position 
suitable for defending such places against a maritime enemy, by means 
°f certain works which can be rendered shot, shell, and fire proof, and 
which can be placed in deep water if necessary. By other contrivances 
wholly my own patent-right inventions. I am further prepared to dem- 
onstrate and to direct the construction of means of greatly annoying or 

defeating the most powerful squadron or fleet of any maritime power 



1812. which may venture to invade us. The materials for such undertaking 
Washington Dem £ verv cheap and general throughout our coasts, and our maritime 
City Militia the select force to be employed chiefly at or within reach of their 
resjMictive habitations. 

Knowing several hundred miles of our least known inland coastwise 
navigation intimately as well as the resources of the adjacent maritime 
countries, and (lossessing authentic charts, surveys and manuscripts of 
the whole, I am in a condition to open a correspondence on any particu- 
lar of these designs on which it behooves me to be acquainted as direct- 
ing Engineer. 

I am, etc. 

John* II. Rice to tiie Governor. 

Dec. 30, Your note of the 10th inst. was handed me this morning at the Hall 

Kichmoml j iv mv cxce n en t friend Major Quarles, and I cannot but hasten to give 
expression to those emotions which it is so well calculated to excite. 

It affords no small pleasure that the motives which prompted my 
address were fully appreciated by the Executive, and the expression of 
your approbation of them was received with peculiar sensibility; but 
what is most of all gratifying, is the sanction given by the Governor and 
Council to the measures which are deemed to be of all others best cal- 
culated to reclaim our unhappy fellow creatures confined in the Peniten- 
tiary ; to recall those lost sheep into the fold of the Great Shepherd, and 
to make even the gloomy wails of the prison to resound with the voice 
of joy and gladness. It is suporttous to say that it will afford me very 
great pleasure to comply with the requests contained in your note, but I 
may l>o permitted to say that I do exceedingly rejoice that the Governor 
of Virginia, a State of which I have always been proud that I aw a 
native citizen, entertains and expresses such sentiments concerning 
religion as I have received from you. I hail it as an omen for good to 
my country, for "when the righteous are in power the people rejoice." 

It is my prayer that you as our chief Magistrate may be plentifully 
endued with heavenly wisdom, that in this time of trial your efforts for 
the common go*xl may be crowned with complete success, and that under 
your administration Virginia may maintain that lofty character which 
she acquired in the days of the revolution. Pardon me also for observ 
ing that, while I feel it my duty to pray "for the ruler of my people 
I can not but most earnestly beg oi Gvxi to bestow on you personally 
every blessing ot his bounty, and especially to give you that happiness 
vthe Ivst in life\ which the religion of Jesus Christ when felt in its 
influences as well as acknowledged in its truth, can not fail to produce- 

I am, Ac. 



Return L Meigs to the Governor. 

I have the honor to transmit the accompanying Resolution and request 1813. 

your Excellency to communicate the same to the Legislature of the ^?"r la, X 1 8 
State of Virginia. Ohio 

I am, &c. 

Resolutions relative to the Jurisdictional right of the State of Ohio over the 

Ohio River. 

Whereas great difficulties and inconveniences are experienced in the 
punishment of offences committed on that part of the Ohio river border- 
ing this State, requiring in the opinion of this General Assembly such 
8|>ecific arrangements with the States possessing concurrent Jurisdiction 
with this State on that part of the said river, as will remove all hazard 
of collisions of Authority, such as will secure the proper punishment of 
all crimes thereon committed, within the Jurisdiction to which it may 
most properly belong; Therefore, 

Be it resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That 
the Legislatures of the Commonwealths of Virginia and Kentucky he 
and they are hereby respectfully solicited to provide for the appointment 
of Commissioners on their respective parts to meet such Commissioners 
as may be apj>ointed on the part of this State, at such time and place as 
the Executive of Virginia may appoint, to arrange and define by com- 
pact the extent and objects of their several concurring Jurisdictions on 
said river, subject however to the approval of the Legislatures of said 
Commonwealth and of this State and the consent of the Congress of the 
United States. 

Resolved, That the Governor of this State be and he is hereby autho- 
rized to appoint three Commissioners on the part of this State to meet 
such Commissioners as may be appointed by the Commonwealths of 
Virginia and Kentucky, for the purposes set out in the first Resolution, 
and that he be requested to communicate the foregoing preamble and 
Resolutions to the Executive Authorities of Virginia and Kentucky, with 
the request that they be laid before their respective Legislatures. 

William Slorrett, 
Speaker pro tern of the house of Rep. 

Thomas Keikek, 
Speaker of the Senate. 
Att: Ralph Osburne, 

Cl'k H. Rep. 

Att: Carlos A. Norton, 

Cl'k of the Senate. 
Jan'y nth, 1813. 


J. P. Deitrich to the Governor. 

1813. By some means or other, the Company of Artillery to which I formerly 

Norfolk 0, kinged (Capt. Ott's) has been reported to the Executive as disbanded. 
Whether this has been right or wrong, I know not However, I have 
re-enlisted of the old company and others, thirty-five men who are 
ready to march, at a moment's warning, as Volunteers. The desire to 
retain their former name, to-wit : " The Norfolk Volunteer flying Artil- 
lery Company," and to be commanded by me as their Captain, Mathew 
Hubbard, jun'r, as First Lieutenant, and Benjamin Gautier as second 

Should the Executive think proper to accept of us, you will be 
pleased to cover the commissions to me. 

I am, &c. 

Abram Trujo to the Governor. 

January 12, 1 have now the honor to enclose the re[K>rt of my transactions as one 
Richmond f t j je Commissioners for running the line between the Sciota and Little 
Miami Rivers in the State of Ohio. I regret exceedingly that it should 
have been made unaided by the views of General Porterfield the other 
commissioner. This step has however been unavoidable. On our return 
to Virginia the Generals leg was fractured by a fall from his horse, and 
his recovery cannot be expected for some considerable time. 

I am, tfcc. 

Tn His Excellency Gorernnr Harbour: 

The undersigned, one of the Commissioners appointed in pursuance 
of an Act of the General Assembly of this Commonwealth, passed the 
13th day of February, 1811, entitled an act authorizing the Executive to 
appoint Commissioners to unite with Commissioners to be appointed, on 
the part of the United States, in running a line between the lands re- 
served by and the lands ceded by this Commonwealth in the State of 
Ohio, respectfully reports : 

That the undersigned and General Robert Poterfield, on the part of 
Virginia, and Messrs. James Kilhourn, Samuel Herrick, and William 
Ludlow, on the part of United States, having assembled at Xenia, in the 
State of Ohio, agreeably to the appointment of the President of the 
United States, on the 20th day of October last, proceeded to the execu- 
tion of the Service they were by law directed to perform. The Com- 
missioners proceeded from Xenia to the fork of the little Miami River, 
and Home doubt arising which of the forks was the original Branch of 


River, directed the Surveyor to survey and meander both to their re- 1813. 
stive sources, noting the width, depth, and length of each, and to RShruojuT 
down his work on paper, in the form of a map, for the better informa- 
of the Commissioners. This service was accordingly performed by 
Surveyor. His Notes Number 1, and his Map No. 2, are herewith 

he Commissioners then proceeded to examine the line run by Israel 
low, under the direction of the Survey-General, and found its begin- 
j marked on a large tree, upon the ridge which divides the waters of 
it Creek from the Eastern branch of the little Miami 120 poles east 
he source of the said Branch, and taking its course N. 20 W., and 
ning 41 j miles to the Indian boundary line. 

he Commissioners then proceeded towards the source of the Scioto 
ir, and instructed the Surveyor to extend Ludlow's line from the 
ian boundary line to the Scioto, that they might know where it would 
raect that River. 

he source of the Scioto they found to be a pond, called by the Indians 
tie lake, covering about a quarter of an acre of ground and of great 
th, yielding a considerable stream of water until it enters a large 
"ic, whence it looses its channel and spreads over it. From this 
ie it issues in three channels, all of which unite in a small distance 

udlow's line being extended, and intersecting the Scioto River about 
miles below its source, the surveyor was directed to run a line from 
pond or I*ike agreed upon as the source of the Scioto River, to the 
(1 agreed upon as the source of the east branch of the little Miami 
er, which was accordingly done, and a map made of the sources of 
Rivers Scioto and little Miami, the line thus run (marked on the Map 
•ert's line), together with the line run by Israel Ludlow under the 
etion of the surveyor General, and a line from the fork of the little 
mi to the junction of the three streams of the Scioto that issue from 
prairie as aforesaid, all of which lines will appear by an inspection 
he Map No. 2, which is herewith exhibited. 

ccmnpanying this Report is herewith also submitted a Map No. 3 
oh gives a full view of the Rivers Scioto and little Miami from their 
iths to their sources, together with their relative and Geographical 
tions. On this map a line is drawn from the source of Scioto to the 
ith of little Miami, which the undersigned believes to be the true 
proper boundary line between the lands reserved by this Common- 
lth for the benefit of the officers and soldiers of the Virginia line on 
tinental establishment, and the other lands ceded by this Common- 
1th to the United States, according to the true intent and meaning 
he deed of session aforesaid, bearing date the first day of March, 
4, and is the only line which can be drawn between the Rivers Scioto 


1813. and little Miami, which will include land sufficient to satisfy the claims 

Richmond °^ ^ ie omcers ana * soldiers aforesaid. 

A br am Trigg. 

A copy. M. Satterwhite, Co. q. Clk C. 

Robert 13. Taylor to the Governor. 

January 14, Honor and duty forbid me to decline the overture of service made in 
or ° your communication of the 19th ulto., as the Executive have not yielded 
to my solicitations of service in an inferior rank. While your favor of 
the 10th inst. reiterates the probability of my being called on as Briga- 
dier-General, I have deemed it my duty to silence all scruples and 
accept the commission with which the Legislature has honored me. It 
shall be my study to merit their confidence. Should my abilities and 
fortunes bear any proportion to my zeal, I may hope that the State will 
have no cause to regret the appointment. In any event it will l>e no 
small consolation to me to reflect that I have neither indirectly sought 
high appointment, nor dishonorably refused myself to the call of my 


I am, etc. 

John H. Xicolsox to the Governor. 

January 20, The honorable terms in which the General Assembly of Virginia has' 
iic W imti! been pleased to regard mv services in the late Vietorv over his HritanK 

U.o., r. U.h. ' # 

Majesty's Frigate, the Macedonian, impresses me with a sense of grati- 
tude and thankfulness I cannot easily describe. It is a reward a<lequat« 
to greater achievements than Providence put in my power to jwrforn' 
but it will always be cherished as an eucouragenent to more strenuou 
exertions and an excitement to a more anient zeal. 

In returning through the Chief Magistrate of my mitre State my grat' 
ful acknowledgements for this mark of esteem from the General Assei 1 
hi)*, permit ine, Sir, to tender you my best thanks for the polite main** 
in which you have had the goodness to make the communication. 

I am, Ac. 

John Mallory to the Governor. 

.limitary 21, In this moment of hurry I seize my pen to drop you a few lines. 
>i»uwarc ,j u vi<><k this morning. I received a letter informing me that Gene* 
Left witch had received orders from General Harrison by express for ^ 


Va. troops to march without the least possible delay to the rapids of 1813. 
Miami of the lakes. On the 18th, General Harrison wrote General L. * JJJJJJ^ro ' 
that Cols. Ivewis and Allen had advanced to the River Rcisin with about 
300 men, and expected to be engaged with about the same number of 
British and Indians. The express that brought tne last letters states 
that he saw a letter from General Purkins (who is at the rapids) stating 
that our detachment had attact the enemy in their fortification, carried 
and took possession of them. 18 of the enemy were found dead in the 
field. The number of wounded is not ascertained. Our loss was 8 
killed and wounded. But since it is thought that a cannonading has 
heen heard in the direction of the R. Raisin. Whilst writing I have re- 
ceived information by Mr. Bartlett. who is field commissary Gcn'l, that 
the above statement is correct, and Lewis drove the British and Indians 
2 miles. It is probable the British have got a reinforcement from Mai- 
den, which is only 18 miles from the River Raisin. General Harrison 
has sent on a reinforcement to Lewis, but thev have double the distance 
to inarch that the British have. General Harrison has given me liberty 
to go on with the army, provided I can get some person to attend here 
to purchase corn for the teams that are passing with their loads. I have 
loaded at this place within the four last days, 700 pack horses, 60 
wagons, and 100 sleds with flour and Q. M. stores. I am giving $2 per 
bushel for corn delivered at upper, and you must know from 
the quantity necessary to supply the army that it takes the cash by 
whole-sail. You may rest assured that we shall do something of conse- 
quence .soon as we have a sufficiency of provisions forwarded, and all our 
Artillery was started the 18th from Sandusky for the rapids, ami we 
have forwarded a sufficient supply of Ammunition. I cannot account 
'or not receiving a letter from you. I calculate that you have made 
arrangements with the Bank of Virginia to settle with the Bank of 
Chilyeothc. I am getting tolerably fond of a soldier's life, if it was not 
for leaving my family. 

Tell Colonel C'ammil I am much obliged to him for aiding Mr. Gor- 
( l°n in selling his leather, as he stated to me that he would not of been 
ahle to of disposed of it if he had not of assisted him. I hope you will 
w "te and tell the Col. that he may calculate on my writing to him when 
1 arrive at Fort Maiden. I must draw to a close, as the express is now 
r «idy to start. 

I am, &c. 

James Wilson to the Governor. 

H appears by a communication made to the Commissioners appointed January 27, 
°y Iaw to open a road from N. Carolina to Richmond by the agent Richmond 
a Ppointed to collect the arrears of Taxes appropriated to the opening the 


1813. said Road, that a part of that fund lias been by the direction of the 
^ichmomd* Executive vested in Land. The Commissioners having made consider- 
able progress in carrying that Law into effect, have instructed me to 
request the Executive to order a sale of the said Lands that the money 
may l>e had as soon as circumstances will permit. 

I am, Arc. 

James Monroe to the Governor. 

February 3, I have had the honor to receive your Letter of the 28th ultimo, and 

n. -f r * to communicate it to the President. 

It has been the object of the Government to provide in the most ample 
manner for the protection of all our SeajK>rt Towns and of the Coast, so 
far at least as the means committed to its charge may l>e adequate. 

This object has been in view in every proj^osition to Congress relative 
to the augmentation of force, and will be attended to in the future db»- 
positton of it. It will be recollected, however, that as our Towns are 
numerous and our Coast of vast extent, much reliance ought to be placed 
in the local force in aid of the measures which may be adopted by the 
General Government for that purpose, 

Some delay has l»cen deemed necessary in making a communication 
to you on this subject, in the exj>eetation of a general arrangement being 
adopted in connection with the Bill which hn> lately passed Congress, 
for an augmentation of the force. A Secretary for this Department hav- 
ing been lately apj>ointed and l»eing daily exjtected here, it seems proper 
that he should Ih? consulted on it. 

I will however have the honor to communicate to you in a few days, 
in case he should not arrive, the sentiments of the President on a concern 
so imi>ortant to the interests o( the State. 

I am, tfce. 

Wm. Sharp to the Governor. 

February 4, ^ ms V K V between one and two o'clock a British squadron of two line 

It oVIoek at of lvattle Ships v 74s\ three frigates and a tender apiieared in the Bay 

night, .it !■ i ^ . i i 

Norfolk opposite the pleasure House, and after maueevenng some time anchored 

in Haven Hav late in the afternoon, where thev now remain. They 

sent t>oats as hi>:h up as Willoughby point, which were recalled by a gun 

from the Admirals slvp. They brought to a pilot boat and took pilots 

from Her. At ha!f-|*ast :* o clock I received j>ositive evidence of the?e 

fact*, and immediately placed the Vtth Regiment underarms. A part of 


lis Regiment is now on duty; the residue are ready on the appointed 1813. 
gnal being sounded. I sent an express to Col. Magnien, and have seen j^Jj"}^ at 
ol. Lee. The Regiments under their respective commands arc now night, 
nembling. When the British ships appeared the U. S. Frigate Constel- Norfolk 
ition was in Hampton Roads. She is now at anchor hetween the two 
orta, having fortunately got u]> in the dark. 

All our reoonoitering parties from the Ray shore have come in. The 
l»i|>s still remain in the position ahovc stated. 

I am, Ac. 

Wm. C. Vealk to Col. Wm. Sharp. 

There was to-<lay a hoat load of prisoners sent on shore from the February 5, 
British Squadron. Among the prisoners is Capt. Walter Colter, who h^"™ 
ives us the information that Sir John R. Warren intends, as soon as 
ossihle, to land a large force for the purpose of procuring water, Ac., 
nd calculates on being opposed. The Boats will be armed with can- 
onades to cover the landing. 

It was the intention of the Rritish Admiral yesterday to have gone as 
ighas Norfolk for the purpose of plunder, Ac., had not the wind died 
way. There is no men here, hut I am endeavoring to place the shore 
i a state of defence. 

Your immediate assistance and co-operation will be needful. 

I am, Ac. 

Robert G. Scott to the Governor. 

Tendering the services of himself and fiftv voung men, armed and February 5, 
dipped as mounted Infantry at their own expense, for thirty days burlr 18 
'vice in intercepting marauders from Rritish Ships in the vicinity of 

Wm. Sharp to the Governor. 

U 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon I rece'd a letter by Express from the February G, 

\' Shore (pleasure House), of which the enclosed is a copy. The A orfoIk 

•opers sent down yesterday this moment returned, and report that the 

my continue in the same position, and were joined last night by two 

er frigates. That they yesterday evening burnt a schooner and sent 

crew on shore, who say that Admiral Warren is determined to water 



1813. and if necessary to send one thousand men to effect this object, an 

Norfolk ^ lii ni * en ti° n * 8 *° ( ^° ^ this day or to-morrow. It lias been state* 
the enemy will make an attempt on Norfolk, and I much fear wi 
force in our unprotected situation will succeed. 

Your Excellency need not be told what the consequences to the 
as well as to individuals here will be. 

The United States have property at Gosport, supposed to be 
two Millions — what inducements to the enemy! I have many a] 
tions for arms for the Militia and the Country, and for Ammu 
Princess Anne is badly oft* in both these particulars — a great i>or 
their arms are unfit for service. No ammunition (of account) form 
and none for cannon. Norfolk County is nearly in the same siti 
1 have about thirty rounds of musket cartridges to each man, hi 
supply for Artillery is very insufficient. Our whole force in nier 
not exceed three hundred. 

I am, &c. 

Letter from William \V. IIeninu enclosing c.eneral ur 

I'Ybrimrv 11 Adj't GknVs OfFICK, RICHMOND, 11th Fifty, I 


Sin, — A very recent domestic calamity having induced the resig 
of Maj'r John Scott, of the 30th Reg't, Caroline, the executive lm\ 
ceeded to detail Maj'r William C. Veale of the 2()th Reg't, Princess 
now in actual service, under the orders of his Colo. Command't, to *■ 
his place, in the detachment called out, in pursuance of the (J 
Orders of the 0th current. 

1 deem it mv duty to irfve vou the earliest information of this c 
in the Field Officers. 

And am, rep'v y'rs, 

Wm. \V. Hkmmi, I). A. 
///* FmlTi/ Jumrs lliirhntn\ fSnr. or CnmWr in Chirf, Xorfnlk. 

(intern! Onhrx. 

Ariittant Gknkral's Offick, 

RICHMOND, dth Fvfty % 181 

In order to repel a threatened invasion of this state, the foil 
detachments of the militia are required, without a moments del 
take the field, and repair to Norfolk and Hampton, as hereinafter 
tied, viz : 

The whole of the Infantry, Light Infantry, and Rifle-men iM; 
under the General Orders of the H>:h of April last, from the &>rtl 


cut, Dinwiddic; 39th, Dinwiddie; 59th, Nansemond, and so many, in 1813. 
klition, as will amount in the whole to 250 effectives ; 20th, Princess 
nnc; 52d, Charles City and New Kent; 68th, James City and part of 
ork; 6th, Essex; 37th, King William; 9th, King <fc Queen; 30th, Caro- 
le; 102nd, Powhatan; 40th, Louisa; 38th, Goochland; 7th, Norfolk, 
id so many in addition, as will amount in the whole to 150 effectives; 
>th, Norfolk, and so many in addition, as will amount in the whole to 
)0 effectives. 

Together with the following detachments specially designated: 
('apt. Gamble's Troop of Cavalry, City of Richmond ; Heth's Troop of 
avalry, Chesterfield; Coopers Troop of Cavalry, 115th Regiment, 
ilizabeth City; Corbin's Company of Artillery, King <fc Queen; Crieh- 
)\v's Company of Artillery, Southampton ; Roger's Company of Artil- 
ery, Gloucester; Pryor's Company of Artillery, 115th Regiment, Eliza- 
beth City; Taylor's Company of Riflemen, 19th Regiment. City of Rich- 
nond; Henley's Company of Riflemen, 33d Regiment, Henrico; Ser- 
ttiit's Company of Riflemen, 115th Regiment, Elizabeth City; Green's 
.*)inpany of Infantry, 10th Regiment, Spottsylvania ; Shield's Company 
>f Light Infantry, 1 loth Regiment, York; Taylor's Company of Light 
Infantry, 39th Regiment, Petersburg. 

Two volunteer companies, who have tendered their services, from the 
?.Kh Regiment, Isle of Wight. 

The detachments from the GSth and 115th Regiments, with Capt. 
^m'Ikt's Troop of Cavalry and Capt. Pryor's company of Artillery, to 
repair to Hampton, and report themselves to Major Gawin L. Corbiu. 

fhe detachments from the Gth, 87th, 9th, and 52d Regiments, and 
fiipt. (Whin's and Roger's companies of Artillery, to rendezvous at 
Williamsburg, and proceed from thence to Norfolk. 

The detach mentis from the 2Mh, Sod and 30th Regiments with Capt. 
Alexander Taylor's company of Light Infantry, and Capt. Crichlow's 
?»>mpany of Artillery, to rendezvous at Smithiield, from whence they will 
I'^eed to Norfolk. 

The detachments from the :50th, 40th, 38th and 102d Regiments, with 
' ;l pt Green's company of Infantry, from the lGth Regiment, to rendcz- 

V{, u.< at Richmond, and from thence proceed hy the most direct route to 


fht detachments from the 59th, 20th, 7th and 95th Regiments will 
ri 'P*ir immediately to Norfolk. 

Ihe troops of Cavalry of Capts. Gamhle and Heth, and the Rifle com- 
l^nies of Capts. Henley and Kdmund Taylor, will proceed forthwith to 


'he whole detachment to he under the command of Brigadier-General 
R °Wt H. Taylor, of Norfolk. 
KM Officers.— Col. James Clarke, of the 102d Regiment, Powhatan; 


1813. Col. William Sharp, 54th Regiment, Norfolk Borough ; Col. Francis >f - 
Roykin, 29th Regiment, Isle of Wight; Maj. Archibald Ritchie, 6tt» 
Regiment, Essex; Maj. Win. C. Veale, 20th Regiment, Princess Anne; 
Maj. James Maurice, 54th Regiment, Norfolk Borough; Maj. Wiley 
Campbell, 9th Regiment, King and Queen; Maj. Wiley Parker, 59tl* 
Regiment, Nanseinond ; Maj. Gawin L. Corbin, 68th Regiment, York. 

The detachment at Hampton will be commanded by Major Gawin 1^- 

Major Richard W. Byrd will command the Cavalry. 

Major Charles Fenton Mercer and John Campbell, esq., are appointed 
Aid* dc Camp to the Governor, or commander-in-chief, and are to 1ms 
respected accordingly. 

Commandants of Reg'ts from which detachments are drawn will prtv- 
vide not only the usual camp equipage, but for its transportation ; and 
the commanding oilicers of each detachment will procure the necessary 
supplies on the march, which will be paid for by the public. Impress- 
ments, as authorized by law, are to he resorted to when necessary. 

General Taylor will organize the several detachments into Regiments 
and Battalions as soon a»s his force shall be concentrated. 

By order of the Governor or Commander in Chief. 

William W. Hkxim;, D. A. G. 

William 1 Funky Allien to the Governor. 

February 7, 1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency V Im- 
providence t tT () |* ( jj, t , "7" of .January), covering sundry Resolutions of the General 
Assembly of the Commonwealth, expressing the high sense they enter- 
tain of the signal achievements effected by the skill and courage of tin* 
officers and brave crew on board the Frigate Tinted States in the capture 
of His Britanic Majesty's Frigate, the Macedonian. 

The distinguished manner in which the Legislature of Virginia hath 
been pleased to notice my services in the performance of my Duty on 
board the Frigate United States, has excited in mv bosom sensations the 
most proud — the most grateful — commingled with the regard I feci that 
those services should have been so overrated by a Gallant and partial 
Commander as to elicit that approbation which is? due alone to high 

In requesting of your Excellency to convey to the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia the high sense that 1 entertain of the distinguished manner by 
which they have expressed their approbation, I beg of you also to assure 
them, That the sword, the emblem of my service thus devoted to me in 
confidence, will be accepted as the incentive to those deeds that will ren- 
der me more worthy of such eminent distinction. 


Permit me also to request of your Excellency to receive my most sin- 1813. 
cere acknowledgements for the very flattering manner in which you have provMenw 
been pleased to convey to me the Resolutions of that Honorable body, 
and to tender to your Excellency individually the homage of true res- 

I am, <fec. 

Wm. Sharp to the Governor. 

We were alarmed on Saturday night between and 10 o'clock by the February 8, 
firing of a heavy cannon from a Gunboat near Craney Island and one oroIk 
from Fort Norfolk, immediately after which the Frigate and Fort Nelson 
l»eat to arms. I was on Horse-back and instantly done the same thing, 
and although the alarm proved unnecessary, I was much gratified, for 
never since I have been in command have 1 witnessed the alacrity with 
which the Militia of the 54th turned out — in less than one hour (late as 
it wag, many being in bed,) our whole force was collected, formed and 
ready to act 

The same evening a serious affair occurred : From thirty to forty 
fyaniah and Portugese Sailors assembled armed with knives, and before 
their object was known, killed one man and badly wounded several 

In a few minutes we suppressed the mob, and these cowardly assassins 
fled. We, however, succeeded in apprehending fifteen of them, who are 
n "W in jail. Some of them, it is supposed, will die of the wounds 
justly inflicted on them by the American Sailors. 

On Saturday evening the two 74 G unships went to sea and had not 

^'turned at sunset last night. The other British ships still remain. We 

are very much harrasscd with watching, but shall not relax. We believe 

that lielbre now aid is preparing for us. It cannot come too soon. 

^our Excellency is aware of our wants, as well in ammunition as men. 

J go to-day to the Bay Shore (Pleasure House), where between two and 

three hundred men of the 20th Regiment are assembled in arms) to 

'"ake arrangement 4 * with Col. Robinson for co-operation, and to establish 

c, ->inmunications. Col. Robinson yesterday drew from the Contractor, 

for the United States, rations for four hundred men for eight days, and 

to-day will receive from Major Nestell twenty Tents. 

Yesterday three Captains and eight or ten Seamen arrived from the 
enemy's ships on parole. They state that two other 74s (Poitiers and 
Northumberland), with a Rear Admiral, are daily expected to join the 
British Squadron. I understand that admiral Warren has declared this, 
Mid all Southern ports, in a State of Blockade, and officially notified 
f'ol. Freeman of the fact bv letters received yesterday. 

I am, Arc. 


W. K. Armstead to the Governor. 

1813. 1 hapten to comply with the request contained in your note of thetith 

Tanimlmn- * ns ** * am na l m y ^ * 8 lu ln ^ l >owe r to render my native State any 
nock assistance at a time so important. I presume Col. Selden has full powers 
to comply with requisitions for work-men anil materials necessary for 
forwarding the contemplated repairs. The Batteries when completed 
will mount sixteen Guns — a less number will answer — say ten, they should 
be of the largest calibre, the Arsenal in Richmond can supply. I wish 
you, Sir, to inform the Scty. of War that you desired my services at Fort 

I am, &c. 

John Armstrong to the Governor. 

February 10, I have had the honor to receive your Excellency's Letter of the 7t 

DeDirt m t " w t-» 11,1< 1 ll ktter fruiii Mr. Chas. K. Mallory, dated Richmond Coim^ 
Chamber February 28th, with their enclosures. 

Col. Freeman, commanding at Norfolk, has been instructed to concc- 
trate the recruit*? raised in that vicinity, and is authorized to require 
your Excellency such Detachments of Militia as may be found necessa. ■ 
for the effectual defence of the Harbour. 

The President is assured of your Excellency's co-operation in su*- 
measures as may be adopted for the protection of the Country and t ^ 
support of the Government. 

I am, ifcc. 

James l>Aiuinri< (Gov.) to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

February 11, I arrived here last night and found everything safe. A small ail;*- 
Norfolk between the Enemy and the Militia in Princess Anne has taken place con- 
cerning the possession of a boat. Some few prisoners have been mac_ 
by the Militia. The contest from the last accounts is still going on. 

The whole licet is still in the Raw Our forces are hourlv coming i 3 
and I Hatter myself that Norfolk is, for the present at least, in no dangc? 
Let me hear what the Legislature have finally decided on as to tl 3 
Eastern defences. In great haste, 

I am, etc. 



('apt. Lee of the Schooner Argonaut will sail to-morrow from this place isin. 

for Norfolk, charged with the Flour and Beef ordered hy you. I shall February 11 
' " . Richmond 

writ* to yon and to Capt. Carghill hy the vessel, but I thought it not 

unadvisable to drop a line now in order to enable you to make some 
arrangements for those provisions when they arrive. It has been sug- 
gested that Jennings will not receive them, in such an event you will act 
with them as seems best to you. The articles will be paid for here, except 
the freight and charges subsequent to their leaving this place. An Invoice 
will he forwarded to you with the provisions. 

The House of Delegates are at this moment acting on the defence Bill. 
1 tremble for the result. I much fear that the torpor is so invincible as 
to produce a total rejection of all regulars — (Jarrott has just made a motion 
to that effect. We are in sack-cloth here to-day in consequence of the 
melancholy tidings from Gcnl. Winchester. 

Your family are all well and in good Spirits, at leant as much so as 
could j»ossibIy be expected. Our anient wi*h here is that you may have 
a fair opportunity of trying your skill in Battle. 

I am, ifce. 

(/HAS. K. Malloky to tiik (j OVER NOR. 

1 transmit for your information the enclosed letters received this morn- February 11, 

in? from Mr. John Mallorv, of the N. Western Army. /J ""!' 11 

v . . ,. • . Chamber 

»°u will read with anguish the distressing particulars of (ieneral 

Winchesters total defeat. 

Utters from Washington state, I understand, that not more than 
twentytivo of bis men escaped, and that he himself was not only scalped 
,,u * actually quartered. 

*'°1. Clark with the Powhatan Militia has just arrived in Town. Those 
'•"•'in Goochland are expected on Saturday. Every necessary arrange- 
ment has lieen made for the accommodation of those already arrived. 

The same attention shall be observed towards the rest as thev come in. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Archer to the Lieitenaxt-Goyerxur. 

f hir situation here is really distressing — troops constantly passing p e i )ruary y> 
through on their march to Norfolk and Hampton, and not one company York Town 
"* remain with us; you. My l)'r Sir, are well appraised of our exposed 
ai *d defenceless situation. 


1813. The few male Inhabitants are nearly worn out with fatigue from the 

Yor^Towif' c> i rcumstance of having been on guard every night for the last ten 
Would it not be wise — would it not be humane in the Executive to ordei 
immediately to this place some Artillery and one or two companies o 
Militia to protect the Inhabitants. In the absence of Major Corbin (wh« 
commands at Hampton), his duties as Commandant of the Lower Hat 
talion devolves on me, and I am daily importuned by the people in thii 
neighborhood to order out a force for their defence. I volunteer mos 
cheerfully my services to command a detachment that might Imj drawi 
from the 68th Regiment, we are well armed and could procure ammu 
nit ion sufficient 

There is a report (brought by some deserters from the British fleet 
that they intend to send a vessel to this place for the purpose of getting 
water, and such a report is well calculated to keep alive the fears of th 

I shall be happy to hear from you as soon as possible. 

I am, &c. 

Chas. K. Mallory to the Governor. 

Fehruary 13, Your favor of the 11th inst. was received this morning, and relieve 
Richmond ug f rom a considerable degree of anxiety, which, for a day or two pas 
we had felt to hear from you. 

Believing it will be gratifying to you to obtain something like speeifi 
information as to the extent of force contemplated to be provided by tl 
General Government for the protection of Norfolk and the adjacei 
country, I enclose you a copy of a letter received by last night's ma 
from Col. Monroe upon this interesting subject, a copy of which lab 
laid before the General Assembly early in the day. 

It is now four o'clock. The House of Delegates has just adjournc 
having for several hours been engaged on the Eastern defence Bill, wliic 
I have the groat satisfaction to inform you, after an ineffectual effort 
postpone it to the 31st of March was made, has passed that Branch 
the Legislature by a majority of ten votes, notwithstanding the absent 
of so many members who felt a peculiar solicitude for its success. 

The force proposed to be raised by it is to consist of our Rcyimcnt 
Infantry, A Troop of Cavalry, a Company of Riflemen, and two coiup' 
nies of Artillery to serve dnriny the War. 

Letters from Washington, received in Town since the date of niv la* 
contradict the account of Winchester's death, but confirm that of hi 
defeat. They state that lie is taken prisoner with about 4(X) of hi 
men. That the battle was one of the bloodiest ever fought in America 
ami that our troops displayed a valour and heroism almost unpreoe 


On the receipt of Mr. Mercer's letter, I immediately sent off expresses 1813. 
to Louisa and Caroline to stop the marching of the Militia from those RfcJ^Jnd 

Col. Clarke and the detachment from Powhatan leaves Town for Nor- 
folk early to-morrow. I understand another Company from the Country 
has just arrived. Whose it is, I as yet know not. I shall he happy to 
hear from you from time to time. On my part will take great pleasure 
in communicating all the intelligence from this place of an interesting 


I am, Sic. 

Ciias. K. Mallorv to the Governor. 

I have the great satisfaction to inform you that the defence Bill has February 15, 
just passed Senate— ayes 11 ; noes 9. Richmond 

Every proposition to amend it was rejected. Its friends dreading the 
: >l*t of March, were determined it should not bo sent back to the House 
of Delegates. 

The Senate dispensed with the usual forms of proceeding — the bill 
was read three times and passed to-day. 

The Goochland Militia arrived in Town on Saturday last, and will 
proceed on this evening or to-morrow for Norfolk. 

Nothing new was received by the last Northern Mail. It is rumoured 
m Town that the British have landed on Cynn's Island in Mathews. 
We yesterday dispatched two wagons loaded with arms and ammunition 
to that and Gloucester County. 

1 must beg the favor of you to correct an error which through haste 1 
Emitted in my last. I observed that Col. Clarke and his detachment 
ironi Powhatan leaves Town, &c. Strike out and, and insert with. 

I am, <fcc. 


Hie legislature having consented to raise one thousand men for the February 17, 

'kfcncc of the State, it strikes me that you will have it much in your Ric,)mond 

l»ow(>r whilst in the lower countrv, to ascertain suitable characters to 

Finland in this Regiment. I think it will be important to make the 

Section of officers from the lower section of the Stnte where it is prob- 

a hle the principle enlistments will be made; if, therefore, we can hit upon 

Sl, ch characters as in other respects are well qualified, it will be a con- 

Slf lerable additional recommendation that they should possess some 

degree of popularity in the counties from whence the enlistments are 



1813. exj>ected to l>e made. Candidates for office are crowding in with heroi 
'irhnmiui'' aftirrit ft' Eiitre nons I wish you had finished your arrangements a 


Norfolk and could be with us here. 

I am, <fca 


February 20, Offering to supply the State with 200 Barrels of gun powder (100 lb 
^^City* 011 l H * r ^ irre 0* at s * xt . v cvnts l*' r l*>und, to l>e tested in Alexandria or els 

John B. Omi to the Governor. 

February 22, The Revenue Bill iiasscd bv the General Assembly of Virginia for tl 
nmoiM supjiort of the Government of this Commonwealth for the present ye 
of IS 13, has im|H>sed a Stamp Act on |«\|>or made negotiable at the Ban 
of this State and their Branches, which I aw I presume will require 
special appointment for the pur[»ose of executing the Stamps and colic* 
ing the Revenue arising therefrom, which ap|>ointment will no dou 
devolve on the Executive. If so. I take this opportunity and mode 
offering tjor your consideration^ my services for that appointment, plec 
ins* myself for the faithful |ierlormanee thereof, should I l)e favoreii wi 
that appointment. 

I am, ifcc. 

D. Siikffy to Xatii. II. Claiborne. 

February.*::. 1 take the liberty, sanctioned by our former friendship, to re«jii 
\\a<h»n^on v . ulr answer to the proi»osal which this contains as soon as shall bee-" 

I have seen in an act o( the General Assembly that a sum of monev 
appropriated to purchase munitions of war. I am desirous of sup|< 
ins: the Lead if anv should l*e \\ante«i. 

The terms art* 2~»»> I Villa rs per Ton, delivered in Richmond in si> 
days or less, if required, as 1 have a large quantity lying on Jaw 

The Lead is su|vrior to the Louisiana Lead and equal to any in & 
world. I furnished aUuu 7 Tons last spring at 200 Dollars. Since tha 
the war has increased the price of that Article from liflv to Seventy 
Dollars per Ton 

I am. Are. 


Constant Freeman to the Governor. 

Brigadier General Taylor has communicated to me information which lsia. 
he has received that induces me to believe the Enemy have seriously March 4 
contemplated an attack on Norfolk. I therefore, in pursuance of the 
authority given to be by the honorable the Secretary of War on the 9th 
of last month, to make requisition on your Excellency for Militia to 
meet such contingency, have to request that you would be pleased to 
direct that two thousand men properly officered may be ordered for the 
defeuce of the Forts in this harbour and for the protection of the Borough. 

I euclose extracts from the letter of the Secretary of War before men- 
tioned. I shall by the mail of to-morrow report to the Secretary of War 
the communication I have now the honor to make to your Excellency. 

I am, <fcc. 

Extracts from a letter of the Honorable The Secretary of War to Col. 
Constant Freeman, dated 9th Feb., 1813 : 

"You are hereby authorized to make such requisitions for Militia on 
the Executive of Virginia as may be necessary in your opinion to meet 
the circumstances detailed in your Letter." 

There is at Richmond a Company of Volunteers whose service has 
heen accepted under the Acts of the Gth uf Feb'y and 6th of July, 1812. 
These you will call into service." 

The foregoing are true extracts. 

Constant Fukkmax, Col. Art'y. 

Miles Selhen to the Governor. 

Importing the advice of Major W. K. Armistead as to the needs of March 5, 
Fort IWhatan to place it in a proper condition for defence. r'«, n ™ 

Recommending Lawrence G. Acres for any appointment in the State 
Ikginient below a Captaincy. 


Andrew J. McConnico to the Governor. 

^ 11 o'clock on Thursday night I dispatched an express connmini- March 0, 
^un? what had passed in relation to the requisition of Col. Freeman, Norfolk 
Mil enclosing his Letter. 

Iliad hoped to have found leisure to say something more on that sub- 
ject, hut it is impossible. Our information from the Pleasure-house yes- 
terday states the Enemy's Forces to be Four Seventy-fours, 5 Frigates, 
a nd a number of smaller vessels, making in all seventeen Sail. Some 


1813. of the latter may be prizes. On the 4th, a boat from one of the Euemy'ft 
1 Norfolk ' sm P 8 attempted to land, but on the apj>earance of some Gentlemen on 
Horseback, a signal was hoisted and the boat immediately returned to 
the Ship. 

In consequence of the understanding I have had with Col. Freeman, 
by which the forces of the State under my command are placed by his 
requisition in the service of the General Government, I have assumed, 
as the superior officer, the controul of the Forts, and have directed a 
Fleche to be constructed at Fort Nelson, and 12 heavy pieces of Artil- 
lery to be mounted, with other disi>ositions for the better defence of the 
reverse, as also the repairing of the Parapets. 

I have also directed works to be constructed for the better defence of 
the reverse of Fort Norfolk, and this morning I have begun intrenching 
the approaches to the Borough, and two hundred and eighty men, with 
a corresponding number of officers and non-commissioned officers, are 
now at work in the absence of the General. 

I am, dec. 

Statement of Mr. Matthias Rich, of lkdtimore, taken from his lijwon 
Sundav the 7th dav of Marc!), 1813. 

He sailed from Lisbon on the *27th of December, as passenger in the 
William Wilson. The vessel was raptured and scuttled by the French 
frigate I ,c Gloire, on the first of January, and the crew after four days 
detention put on board a barge IhhuhI to Lisbon, in which be arrived 
on the American Coast and was taken on the — day of — by Admiral 
Warren and conducted to Kertnuda, where he was transferred to the 
MarlU>rough, and from her to the Oragon. in which vessel he arrived at 
the Tapes of Virginia on the day l»efore yesterday. 

There are now four Seventy-fours and four frigates in Lynhaven. No 
troops on l>oard. but each ship has a number of seamen trained to arm*. 
On W>ard the line of battle-ships there are from 175 to 250 men thus 
trained. On board the frigates he supposes half that number. This 
training has been dailv since the lapse of three or four davs after the)' 
left Bermuda, on board the Pragon. and as he believes the other shil*- 
The Victorias ionc f thi< ;»«p:adroif». arrived lately at JScrmiula from 
Knglaud. and was loaded with eongreve rockets which were distributed 
through the licet on the dav before vesterdav. On the night after the 
arrival at the tapes, the Marines on board the Dragon were ordered to 
have one blanket out of their hammocks, and to have it and their great 
coats rolled up to be placed on their backs. 

He understood that huoy^ had been placed on the middle ground and 
saw >c\cral on hoard the Admirals Ship. 


San Domingo and Ramillers Seventy-fours are both expected daily 1813. 

crmuda; the line of battle now here are the Dragon, Marlborough, 

rs, Victorius. The sailors armed with guns, swords, and pistols. 

he ships have been in, the exercises have been conducted with 

ctivity, and he thinks an attack on some quarter is immediately 

xl. He has no knowledge, nor has he heard at what i>oint the 

will be made, but he believes it to be Norfolk. He has been re- 

y asked by the Lieutenants what force was stationed at Norfolk. 

ved at Norfolk this evening, having come up on the cartel. 

(Signed,) Matthias Rich, Jr. 

It. understood from Capt. Berret that the Dragon would be ordered 
nuda or Halifax in a few days, being in want of a Foremast. The 
rs and Acasta would sail in a day or two to blockade the Delaware. 

(Signed,) M. Rich, Jr. 

iS. Maurice, for B. Gen'l Taylor, to the Governor. 

;he information of your Excellency, I enclose the copy of a state- March 8, 
lade by Mr. Rich, ju'r, of Baltimore, a very respectable and in- worIOI,t 
t gentleman, who came up in a cartel with twenty-five others taken 
squadron, but who were not considered by Admiral Cockburn as 
rs of war. In addition to what is there stated, he has seen a recent 
per from England, in which a large naval force is spoken of as 
destined for the American coast. He also mentioned that the 
jne Frigate got under weigh the day before yesterday for Balti- 
ut sprung her bowspit and returned. 

force of the Enemy in Lynhaven exceeds far that which would be 
for the blockade, and the above and other information received 
ond so entirely with my own opinion of their intentions, that I 
a naval attack on this place. I convened my field officers last 
i majority of whom were for calling out a larger force, but know- 
disposition of the General Government, I have merely ordered 
mediate service Capt. Ott's Artillery, attached to the 54th Reg't, 
pt. Emmerson's, attached to the 7th regiment, and the Norfolk 
f Cavalry. The two Artillery Companies are wanted for the field, 
been compelled to throw the other three companies in service here 
e forts for want of regular troops of that description, and the lat- 
.'antcd to watch the movements of the enemy at every point, and 
with rapidity information. I have moreover directed the Com- 
nts of the 7th, 20th, and 95th Regiments, to hold their respective 
tits in readiness to march at a moment's warning, the enemy being 
force In the State of Virginia. 



March 8, 



The troops are now busily engaged in strengthening the present fort 4 
and in entrenching the approaches to the town. Should the expected 
attack take place. I cannot say what will be the result, but I venture U 
promise that the means within my power shall be exerted to the utmost 
and that I shall not forget what is due to the honor of my country. 

A further supply of Ammunition is much wanted. There is also f 
deficiency in Tents and Canteens. No pistols for Saunder's Cavalry 
No grape shot. 

I am, &c. 

William Armistead to Ciias. K. Mallory. 

March 8, Informing of the death of Judge William Nelson. Suggesting th 
^bur"" 8 " appointment by the Executive of Judge Semple of the 2nd Circuit, 1 
fill the vacancy in the 1st occasioned by the death of Judge Nelson, fc 
the greater health and convenience of Judge Semple. 

Wm. S. Quesenbery to the Governor. 

March s, Sofieting appointment as Surgeon in the new Regiment, to be rais* 
KingCiuorge U|u j fcr the Act of Fel y y 15th) for th(J defence of the State. 

James Maurice for B. Gen'l Taylor to the Governor. 

March 1), 

I received information by express an hour ago that the enemy was 
motion with their boats filled with men. The troops are all under am 
I have been with the troops in Norfolk, and have the happiness to t« 
you that they are full of animation and courage. 

I have this moment received an express announcing that sixte« 
Boats, with about fifty men each, are within a few miles of Old Poi 
Light House, standing towards that shore. Two Boats and a Tend 
were yesterday employed in sounding the channel to Old Point. I < 
not believe that they will make an attempt on Hampton, though 
yesterday admonished Major Corbin of their preparations and of t 
propriety of being vigilant. Their Fleet will probably be in Hampfc 
Roads the first fair wind, and I expect an attack soon after. 

I have deemed it advisable to call into service two Uniform Coml 
nies of the 54th Regiment. 

I am, &c. 


Robt. Nelson to the Governor. 

The Capitol in the City of Williamsburg in which the Court of Chancery 1813. 
for thisnlwtrict is directed by Law to be holden, is so much out of order M Y^^k l °' 
as to make it not only very disagreeable to hold the Court in it, but really 
hazardous to the health of the Court and Bar. 

It might be repaired at an inconsiderable expense, as the repairs are 
principally wanting to the windows and doors ; the roof and other parts 
of the house being in tolerably good order. I believe it has been usual 

' for the Courts to direct repairs to be made to the houses in which they 
sit, and have the accounts certified to the Auditor, but as the repairs in 
this case may require more of the public money than I am willing to 
appropriate on my own responsibility, I have thought it most advisable 
to consult the Executive on this subject. If it would be more satisfactory 
to them before they act on this subject to have an estimate of the expense, 
which will be incurred in repairs, I would get a workman to make an 

Ornate and forward it to Richmond. 
As early an attention to this communication as can conveniently be 

^stowed on it is very desirable. 

I am, tfce. 

Rob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

I communicated to you yesterday the movements of the Enemy's March 10. 
boat. They came within a few miles of the Light House on Point Com- Norfolk 
fort, where four of them, after an action of a few minutes, boarded and 
to^k an armed schooner; they also seized one or two small vessels and 
returned to the squadron. In the afternoon a Seventy-Four moved up 
a few miles towards Hampton Roads and anchored. A frigate got under 
weigh this morning and anchored two miles above her, and my advanced 
P^t this moment announces that two more 74rs are standing up. They 
have not many boats out this morning. It is well ascertained that they 
have buoyed the channel up to Old Point. 

The wind is fair for them, and I expect before night their squadron, or 
a part of it, will be in Hampton Roads. To-night or to-morrow we shall 
probably be engaged. 

I am, &c. 


Chas. K. Mallory to the Governor. 

1813. Since my last of the 8th Inst., which I presume you have received, 

EHj^Mli tne ^"^ 8 ^ Squadron lias received considerable accession of strength. 

City Their whole force now in the Bay, as I understand from the most respec- 
table authority, consists of Five 74rs and Ten Frigates, besides smaller 
vessels. Some prisoners who have arrived at Norfolk in a cartel say 
that Three additional 74rs are daily expected. 

On monday evening, shortly after my return from the Bay Shore, sev- 
eral Barges pursued a small schooner, which ran on shore near Buck 
Itoe, where I had been staying. Finding her of but little value, they 
abandoned her. The next day they captured not far from Old Point 
Comfort Light House a schooner from Baltimore loaded with laid, 
Hams. &c. 

A part of the force stationed at Hampton was despatched to the shore 
on monday as soon as information was received of the approach of the 
British boats, but returned to the garrison on learning that the Iwats 
were making for the ships. 

I am, &c. 

Robt. B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

March 11, The wind is adverse to the approach of the Enemy to-day. A Frigate 
Norfolk caine j n to the Roads vesterdav and returned a little behind Old Point. 
His boats were in Hampton Roads last night. I conversed with a Portu- 
gese Captain last night who left the Admiral's ship on the afternoon 
before. He states that the Admiral shewed him a plan of the Town of 
Norfolk, and a chart of the rivers and Bay, and made enquiries of the 
Roads from the Pleasure House on Lyn haven and the Cape to Norfolk. 
The Captain was also, as he says, applied to to conduct the Ships up to 
Hampton. He states that an immediate attack is to be made on this 
Town, and represents that there are 500 or 600 Troops as he judged, on 
board the Admiral's Ship. I know that he is mistaken as to the num- 
ber, but they will bring a considerable force of trained seamen in aid of 
their marines. I can not believe they will land at the Pleasure House 
or Cape. The Troops still continue in good spirits, and our Slender 
means shall not be left unemployed. 

1 am preparing to send Hulks to bar the passage if needful. The Gun 
Boats are most wretchedly manned. (I am told some of the Boats with 
7 or 8 men only), and should they fall into the Enemy's hands, as they 
must if boarded in the night, they will be turned against us. 

I am, &c. 


Brown, Page & Burr to the Governor. 

!n reply to your verbal inquiry, " what quantity of Gun Powder wc 1813. 
i supply from our mills," we beg leave to state that wc have now on Marc h 13 
ul about three hundred pounds cannon and two hundred pounds 
sket powder. That in the present unfinished State of our works we 
competent to the manufacture of only about one hundred pounds 
day, which quantity, however, we shall increase as we progress in 
erection of the building and completion of machinery, and over- 
ic the peculiar inconveniences and difficulties that attend the estab- 
iment of our works. The quantity of powder now made by us is 
y half of what our contract with the General Government would re- 
re for three months to come, and one-fourth of what the mills when 
shed are calculated to make. 

Vhile on this subject we would take leave to suggest to your Exccl- 
?y the expediency in the present juncture of exempting from Militia 
-y the Manager and workmen employed at our Powder Works. We 
sume their Services in the manufacture of an article so needful to the 
>lic service, and of which we believe the supply is very inadequate to 
• serious emergency, must be more important to the public than any 
y could render in the field, and any cause which should call them on 
y would operate equally to keep them at their present employment, 
hould our Manager be called out, the works must be instantly closed, 
the great difficulty of obtaining workmen would make their loss 
portionately felt. 

'ol. Campbell has engaged five hundred pounds musket powder, 
ch we shall furnish with all the speed in our power. 

We are, Sic. 

Rob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

'he Enemy's force at present consists of three 74s, and one Frigate, March 13, 

»g above Old Point comfort, and 3 ships, 4 Brigs, and three small Norfolk 

to in Lynhaven. I was yesterday informed by an intelligent and 

>ectable gentleman of Princess Anne (Mr. Woodhouse), that five of 

vessels which had been in Lynhaven were Bomb Catches, and he 

)ks that some of the ships which have departed have gone up the 

r or the rivers, but my outposts do not report these facts. 

Ast night about 9 o'clock two boats appeared near Seweli's Point and 

nded and explored the shore. They were observed by my outpost, 

I about a quarter of an hour after their retirement, seventeen boats 

1 manned, approached within two hundred yards of the shore, coasted 



1813. it for a mile, and manifested an intention to land, but the wind blowing 

Norfolk xer f ^ resn an( ^ sigNftl 8 being made from the ships they returned. 

My outpost ascribes their return to the wind, but I am satisfied wil 
not land at so great a distance from the point of attack, especially at 
time when the naval force cannot co-operate. This and some observation 
made by the Admiral, as I have no doubt with an expectation, if not a 
arrangement, that they would come to my ears, satisfies me it is a feir 
to draw my attention from the real point of attack, and to lead me t 
push my troops to a distance from Norfolk. I am concentrating in 
force, though the necessity of guarding two points on op] losite sides ( 
the river, and with a force inferior to the enemy's, render it difficult 
means of transportation are directed to be provided on both sides of th 
river, and my outposts are vigilantly guarded to notify me of his movi 
ments on land. His boats are cavalry to him 'till he lands and give hii 
great advantages in selecting his point of attack. I think he will Ian 
within a few miles of Fort Norfolk. I am using every effort to strength* 
my position, but I ought not to conceal from you that without Engineei 
without regularity and order in the details of duty, and without ar 
adequate supply of ammunition for Artillery, my arrangements will n 
be in such a state as I would desire. I have sent several of my office 
to explore and to know the country, and I meditate an ambuscade wil 
Taylor's and Marshall's rifle companies to-night, \ past twelve. 

An express has this moment arrived which states that two of tl 
Enemy's Ships (supposed Frigates) can be distinctly seen from the bea< 
at Lambert's Point, with their sails settled on the (.'ape and their tende 
having reconoitrcd as far as the mouth of Tanner's Creek, it is suppose 
they wait only for the turn of the tide to come up. The wind is fair. 

I have been compelled in this emergency to make impressments, 
have arrested one man who I shall try by Court Martial as a spy. Thr 
others brought before me and committed with him I have handed ov 
to the civil authority, being citizens, and they have been committed ai 
will be examined as I am told for treason. Two others are detained « 
suspicion. These unpleasant measures forced on me by the crisis whi« 
allows no delay, will I hope find with my country a justification in n 
motives. Our vessels for blocking up the Harbor are not yet complete 
though everything has been done to forward them. 

I am, &c. 

Mann Page (Major) to the Governor. 

March 14, The 2nd Battalion of the 21st Regt. under my command, has be* 

Gloucester ordered into service by the Col. Commandant of the Regiment. I ha 

been with my Battalion during the last week at the mouth of theScve: 


f whence we had a full view of the British Ships, and tenders off New 1813. 
Point Comfort, there heing the best harbour for Privateers and Ships that Gloucester 
draw no more than 3£ fathoms water. Just above this place there were 
a great number of them above me until Thursday evening, when the)* 
moved into East River (just over the Bay), supposing they might receive 
some aid from the field pieces in Mathews, as we had none in this County. 
Among the vessels that run into these waters are many of a very sus- 
picions character. That some communicate with and furnish the British 
fleet with provisions and intelligence is beyond a doubt. I have one of 
this description in custody now, and wish to be informed what I am to 
do with him in case it shall appear after proper examination that he had 
been concerned in aiding the enemy. Vessels of this description can 
pass and repass me at pleasure, especially those which are armed. This 
evening three vessels (British), were seen standing into the Yorkjshannel 
and several of their smaller vessels have looked into East River after the 
vessels moved there. On Friday there was a large ship within the Point, 
said to be out-ward bound. She disappeared before the next day, and it 
was said a Brig had run in during the night, but of this I can say noth- 
ing, as the weather has been very rainy and hazy. We have no com- 
missary in this County, and I have now a second time been obliged to 
furnish my Battalion with Provisions, &c. I should be glad to know 
how I am to proceed in such emergencies. Our Colonel is incapable 
from ill health of attending to the Command of the Regiment, and the 
eldest Major lias not considered himself as Commandant. 

I am, ifcc. 

James Belscher to the Governor. 

Representing the exposed situation of his part of the County, and March 14 
living for the return from Norfolk of the company of Artillery raised Gloucester 
there for their better protection. 

John Minor to Dr. John Brokenbrough. 

I have been thinking with much anxiety of the exposed situation of March 17 
^is place, owing to its proximity to navigation and the temptations to a Fredericks- 
Vl «it from the Enemy from the large sums of money deposited here in 
U^e Banks. 

I am confident that an enterprising officer at the head of 200 men 
^ight come to this place, rob the Banks, burn the Town, and return to 
their ships in the course of one night, and this probably without the 
^°ss of ten men. Nothing, in my opinion, but their ignorance of our 


1813. weakness prevents their making the attempt. A ship of the line can 
Rodericks- come U P tne Potomack within twelve miles of Fredericksburg and small 
burg vessels within eight (Potomack Creek). They have then only to march 
eight miles ; and what is our situation ? 

Eighty of our finest young men gone to Norfolk and carried all our 
muskets except about 40 or 50 of the worst, and to all these I cannot 
hear on enquiry of a single pair bullet moulds or a pound of powder or 
Lead belonging. 

I have borrowed a musket, but have no Bayonet of bullet moulds, but 
I have written to my friend, Julius Dand ridge, to procure and send me 
one of each. We had established two Companies here for home defence, 
but the Executive did not commission the officers they had chosen to 
command them; the companies were, of course, dissolved. 

I would try the effect of a voluntary association without commissions, 
loose as this would be, but we have no arms, and if the Enemy came we 
must run. But if the Executive would send us a supply of arms, 1 
think we can defend the Town, the Banks, and our wives and children. 

It seems to me that there is another thing that ought to be done, 
which is the establishment of two Patrols of Cavalry from six to twelve 
men each. The one to Patroll from the mouth of Potomack Creek to 
Acquia. The other from the mouth of Potomack Creek to Boyd's Hole. 
These would give notice of the approach of an enemy, and give us time 
to prepare to receive them. 

I wish you would mention this subject to the Executive, and see if 
something cannot be done for us. As it is we are the most exjK)sed part 
of the State. 

I am, &c. 

Uob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

March 18, The letter which accompanies this, was intended to be sent by the 
Norfolk ma jj Q f y e gterday, but its contents were of a nature not to be exposed to 
the eyes of the Enemy, and I did not choose to hazard it across the 

I received at 9 o'clock last night a letter from a respectable gentleman 
in Nansemond, stating that it was certainly ascertained that a number of 
" the Enemy had landed at Iiarrot's Point (on the north side of Nanse- 
mond River), and were then on their march through Chuckituck, as h e 
supposed, on their way to Suffolk." The writer and bearer of the note 
could neither state the number of men or boats, and on enquiry I found 
that the writer had received his information at second hand. I had no 
means to aid them if the information had been more direct. I have 
heard nothing more of it. If, in fact, a party has landed, it is probably 


y a pillaging one, or, if in greater force, is designed to withdraw my 1813. 
ntion and force from hence. To guard against the worst, patrols were Norfolk ' 
ered to be pushed up the Suffolk road to learn their movements if 
r should recross the river, and attempt us in reverse, 
yesterday encamped the greater part of the troops which I have 
tted to this side the river to cover the rear of Fort Norfolk. Henly's, 
lor's, and Marshall's rifle corps are posted in a wood at the intersec- 
of the Quarantine and Lambert Point Roads and about $ of a mile 
i our intrench men t on Colly's road. A detachment of 100 men from 
ke and 100 from Sharp's Regiment are stationed at the Barracks near 
t Norfolk with orders to march in on the first alarm. There are no 
racks for them in the Fort, and I can spare no greater force of Mus- 
zy to defend it The residue of Clark's regiment and 100 of Sharp's 
posted at the intrenchment. I am building a bridge which will be 
pleted to-day to throw in supplies just on the rear of the right flank 
bat intrenchment from Arraistead's, which is about midway between 
intrenchment on Colly's road and the works at the intersection of 
ibert's Point and Princess Anne road. I have ordered Boykin's 
iment to encamp to-day in the rear of Fort Nelson. Our Gunboat 
e is reduced to ten, the rest have been laid up for want of hands, 
se ten are not fully manned Commodore Caspin tells me. The 
my either estimating our capacity to resist more highly than I do, or 
ting reinforcements has been more tardy in his operations than I ex- 
ted him to be. 

have no communication from the General Government, but I saw a 
rate letter yesterday from the Secretary of State, dated the 13th March, 
ich shows that the Government is apprised of the intention to attack 
rfolk, and though they know that we are to be ;i the first on whom the 
olating experiment is to be made," they neither write to me or inti- 
te any intention to aid us. 

I am, &c. 

) . S. — I have reason to believe that the landing at Nansemond River 
3 only a boat's crew. 

R. II. Cocke to Wm. Wirt, Esqh. 

take the liberty of stating to you that the day before yesterday some March 11), 
"ges from an English Frigate that lay in the mouth of James River, Surry 
H»on Shore in the Isle of Wight, near the seat of the late Col. Parker 
I returned without doing any damage. Again yesterday a large 
•ooner, and mounting heavy Guns, came up about ten o'clock to the 
uth of Lawns Creek and took possession of two large vessels that lay 
r e; an English Barge stood up as high as Hog Island pint. A pilot 




March 19, 


boat came up in the evening, say two o'clock, full of men and Hoarded & 
Krig that lay opposite the pint of Shoal that belonged to Portsmouth, 
New hampshire and loaded by James Brown of Richmond. They all 
went down in the Evening with their prizes. Expect the Brig who yet 
lay on anchor at the name place, but sent her boat on shore at sun set to 
inform us they would be again up in a day or two for the purpose of 
getting water. The Isle of Wight Militia are all in motion, and I expect 
would give the Enemy a warm reception were they to attempt to land; 
to-day they will be turning out in Surry, and will do the best we can. 
If we had some Artillery, say four or six pieces of Long Nhies, we could peppered that schooner yesterday handsomely. 

The vessels in the River should be apprised of this motion of the 
Enemy, and those that will not should be made to go out of the way. 

We want arms and ammunition. We have Bodys that's able and 
Hearts that's willing to light the Enemy. 

We want not men, nor do we wish to make a Fuss. 

I am, &c. 

St. Geo. Tucker to the Governor. 

Mart- h 10, 

I flatter myself I need not offer any apology to you for communicat- 
ing a copy of a Letter just received from my friend, Mr. Coleman, with 
whose character you are, I believe, well acquainted. " When I saw you 
this forenoon, I stated to you what I had been informed by a Mr. Her- 
bert from Hampton, that two of the Enemy's Frigates had passed up to 
Newport's News, and were at anchor near that place yesterday morning, 
and their Barges had taken six of our vessels, some of them as high up 
as the mouth of Warwick Kiver. Since this information of the morn- 
ing, I have seen Major Ciriflin, of York, and a Mr. Duncan, who lives 
near to Carter's Grove (the former seat of Col. Burwell, now of Fred- 
erick County, seven miles below Williamsburg,), on James River. The 
former mentioned that he left York-town about ten o'clock this forenoon, 
and that a Frigate was then in sight near the Spit of York, where she 
had come to. Mr. Duncan mentioned that he was at Carter's Grove (ou 
James Kiver) this morning, and he then saw in sight at anchor, just 
above the point of Shoals, in Warrasqueak bay, three vessels, one of 
which appeared pretty large. He believes them to be the British. He 
saw them yesterday when they came up about four o'clock in theeveu- 
ing, at which time they captured, by means of their 6oa/«, three out of 
five vessels bound down. One of these five turned back and escaped, 
and another passed on and also escaped. Several Guns were fired at 

From this information it seems probable that the Enemy are prejar- 


ing to extend their predatory excursions up our rivers. How far it 1813. 
might be practicable to check them by means of vessels armed, manned, wnjsl?,^! 
and equipped for the purpose at Richmond, is a question whicli no doubt burg 
will present itself to your Excellency's consideration; as also by what 
means similar depredations may be prevented on York River. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — Should it appear advisable to establish a communication by 
Telegraphs, permit me to refer you to a Tetter probably in the Council 
chamber which I wrote to Governor Cabell in the year 1807, explaining 
the model of a Telegraph with the means of using it, which I sent him 
at that time. 

John Cropper (Lt.-Col. 2nd Reu't) to the Governor. 

Col. Addison, of the 27th Reg't; Col. Bagwell, of the 99th, and myself March 20, 
have this day had a meeting and consultation upon the exposed situation Accomack 
of the two counties of Virginia upon this side of the Chesapeake. The 
Militia of the Eastern Shore are willing to a man as we believe to defend 
this section of the Eastern Frontier, and to annoy the enemy by ever}' 
human exertion, but this cannot bo done without adequate supplies of 
the implements of war. About one-half of the 18000 cartridges obtained 
by me at Richmond in June last, prove to be good for nothing except the 
bullets; they appear to be those of the revolutionary war; the paper and 
powder mouldered to the finest dust — without doubt Col. Pryor knew f 
nothing of their condition. 

We require the munitions and camp equipage contained in the enclosed 
return, and we are in need of 200 barrels of pork, 100 barrels of beef, 
and 100 barrels of flour. 

We are cut off from every sea port in the United States and dependant 
almost entirely on supplies to be sent to us by the Executive. At this 
time we are exposed in the extent of 180 miles to the incursions of the 
Enemy — Accomac and Northampton are intersected by navigable creeks 
at every five miles on the seaside, and at every fi\e miles on the bay, so 
that a large barge may land at almost every man's door, if not opposed 
by the vigilance and valor of the Militia, and it would be mortifying 
indeed to see those unavailing for want of warlike supplies. We want 
money to buy fresh provisions, corn meal and such necessaries as can be 
obtained here for the comfortable accommodation of our Guards, and the 
militia called out to defend their country, to purchase sixteen horses for 
the eight pieces of Artillery. The farmers spare their horses at the 
greatest inconvenience, and trained horses are indispensable to the good 
°f the service. 

Your Excellency is the most competent judge, and we submit cheer- 


1813. fully to your judgment whether it would not he most for the interest of 
ArcrniiM* ^ ie ^^ to *° a PP°i n t some person near to the centre of this district com- 
missary — supply him from time to time with money to furnish the 
Regimental Commissaries and paymasters with money — all of whom to 
l>e hound hy a regular accountability and to give security. Supplies 
could ho procured much more easy and cheap for cash than credit, and 
impressment is a very unpopular measure. Sooner than resort to this 
unpleasant measure, the officers of the militia have united and borrowed, 
on their own credit, money to purchase provisions for feeding the guards, 
which they hope the State will speedily reimburse. 

Two companies have been on duty in Northampton for three or four 
weeks, and one in Accomack for one week, to which one it will be neces- 
sary to add two more in a short time. The whole of the militia are 
harrassed, and are liable to l>c called almost every day to repel the 
enemy, especially the 27th regiment, which has already every roan been 
called out. 

On the 9th day of the present month (being Northampton Court day) 
a British tender and some barges went into Cherryston's harbor, took a 
cargo of flour out of one schooner and set fire to another; but as soon as 
the militia collected, the enemy fled, taking with them, however, two 
milch cows from Mr. Savage, The next day two barges from the ships, 
laying near Gape Charles, boarded a schooner aground. She belonged to 
Northampton, and was loaded with brandy and wine. Capt Simpkins' 
Infant rv of the -7th Rog't collected with uncommon celeritv and with a 
gallantry becoming veteran soldiers; it is said thirty compelled the 
Knemy. forty in number, to relinquish their priie without destroying or 
carrying awav anything except five turkevs. 

l>n the 14th Inst, a letter of Marque brig of 250 Tons (the America 
Capt. Symo> belonging to Baltimore^ from Havanna, run ashore on 
Smith's Is'and. vessel and cargo chiefly lost* In this vessel was aMid- 
sHpman and eight seamen belonging to ihe British, which had been 
taken out <M a sxhoonor r\vapu:ivd by the Letter of Marque. They 
were taker. }v*ss***sior. of by Col. Addiswi and sent by him with a flag to 
1 w.bavon to he exchanged or new: pled for bv Admiral Cockhurn, and 
«Ve t\v wishes the opinion of the Executive to the propriety of his 
oo*"sy.M. A 7. the ,*:>dam$ wish £>r general instructions from your 
V\oo V. v > \ *or tK'ir c^\x-mr.>^:. est off as thev are from the chief of 
vl.i ;r Kricvk. 

W c thir.k vSv. if o*wrs for ;w;> of ihe Companies raised for the pro- 
;<v* ; or of :>; Vast or.*. »or.;5or wore appointed on this shore, they 
r. ic v ; "-evrr.ii : v r.? ..;:o:ji of r.*«oT.. anr. wo shoe id be very glad if they 
oov,V. \- *vt ,, .:;c: »o nr.^r. Sore 

Scvo-i K ?\*kor -*o ,:o>i;s n> :o tv.ottj »r. in lhi* oommunicauon that 
rr«ros*\f. \*o*vv*- ^ W -st;\ .*o>.r. C PAmwDor^ and Hill Dorsev, wish * n 


to recruit a company of Artillery or Riflemen for the particular 1813. 

)f the Eastern Shore, as a part of the force directed to be raised j^JJJjJj^ 

3t of the Assembly passed at the last session. 

Teakle, who hath enlisted a volunteer Company of Riflemen, and 

received commissions for himself and his officers, is the bearer 

ispatch, and goes to Richmond to apply to you for the muni- 

1 camp equipage contained in the enclosed return, and also to 

titles and accoutrements for the equipment of his own Corps. 

gentleman of modesty and worth, and will be able to answer 

liries your Excellency may make concerning the Eastern Shore 


We are, &c. 

Rob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

nminence of the danger which appeared to threaten Norfolk, March 21, 
lecessity of devoting every moment of my time to the pressing or ° 
owing out of that prospect, will, I hope, be received by you as a 
: apology for omitting to communicate with you on several sub- 
nferior magnitude. Things are now in that train which allows 
- hours daily for my pen. 

source of real satisfaction to me that you have been pleased to 
pour approbation of the course I pursued with Col. Freeman on 
ate business communicated to you on the 4th. It is only from 
ment that I have deemed myself justified in exercising my 
? without scruple, and of interfering materially in the interior 
lents of the Forts. I venture to hope that since that period 
easure which the extent of my means authorized, has been 
vith activity and energy. 

rmistead, of the Engineer Corps, arrived yesterday. I carried 
id, showed him what I had done, and developed what was still 
. He has expressed his approbation of my plans. He was in- 
he tells me, by the Secretary at War, to report himself to me 
rival, and to execute under m} r orders, and with my aid, what- 
is department was deemed needful. Yet I have no communi- 
>m the General Government. Independently of the unpleasant- 
ny situation in having no recognition in orders from the Secretary 
I am much embarrassed in the course of my operations. For 
ed States military agent and contractor, and not the Quarter 
s the proper person to furnish supplies and to carry my orders 
it so soon as I am distinctly recognized by the General Govern- 
d much confusion inevitably intrudes itself into our measures. 
)prehension of informality will not, however, deter me from pro- 


isi:t. vidi ng for the occasion. On the contrary, I am prepared to meet every 
Norfolk rcs P ons i m Iity hut that of negligence and inactivity. 

Three Quakers have been sent down in the requisition from Nanse- 
mond. They have refused to do duty, to furnish substitutes, or receive 
rations, and have been put under guard by their commanding officer. I 
am at a loss to know what to do with them. Quakers are not included 
in the list of exempts from military duty. I cannot bring myself to 
punish any man for a scruple of conscience, and yet fear to discharge 
them least Quakerism should become the predominant religion in our 
ranks. Will you direct what is to be done? 

The troops are, some of them, in great want of articles of immediate 
necessity, and are anxious to receive their pay. If the Executive would 
authorize and provide the means of allowing pay, it would be a great re- 
lief to them. 

1 have reason to think that some of the officers require a similar pro- 
vision. The pa)* might l>e made up to the 4th of March, when Col. 
Freeman made his requisition. 

You will perceive from the return to the Adjutant a great deficiency of 
officers. It will greatly aid the service to have the deficiency supplied 
as soon as possible. These are wanting : 1 Major in Hen of Major Par- 
ker, who is on furlough and wishes to he discharged ; 1 Captain, 4 Lieu- 
tenats. :\ Ensigns, ami should Major Maurice l>c removed, his place is to 
be supplied; and 1 Lieutenant will be wanting to supply the place of 
Lieutenant Hillyard. who. on his application, will be discharged, as hew 
prevented by the gravel from doing his duty. Capt. Burwell, now in 
service, has received a commission as Major, and I should l>e glad to 
have him as a Major, as he is an officer of merit and desires it Ensign 
James M. Smith, of Oinwiddie, now in service, is recommended by hi* 
County Court as a Captain. Ensign Abraham Doughty, of Xansemond, 
now in service, is recommended bv his count v court as a Lieutenant, 
and Kdward R. Hunter, a private now in service, is recommended as an 
Knsign. Col. Roykin. in whose Regiment they an\ speaks well of them; 
and if the Executive should grant the commissions as recommended, it 
would Ik- vorv agreeable to Col. Rovkin. and I understand to the officer* 
themselves, to be detailed for this arm v. Other officers should be 
detailed to supply their place. 

The Commandant ^f the 20th Regiment, mistaking my orders issued 
some davs aco to hold his men in readiness, actuallv embodied them, 
and Unng informed of it I used them to ambuscade the Enemv if h e 
attempted a night march which he had tbreatened the night before. 

On the next morning they marehnJ kick to Kempsville, and I informed 
the Commandant of Lis misconception of my orders. In the meantime 
the men had for some days beon and still were without food, and I m^ e 
myself jnrsonallv responsible to the contractor if the Government did 
not pay. 


By a like misconception the Commandant of the 7th Regiment em- 1813. 
odied a part of his Regiment, and being informed of it, I have thought Norfolk 1 ' 
ie occasion justified my retaining them, as you have already been ap- 
rised. To prevent unnecessary expense I have directed them to be 
Mined into three instead of six companies, and the supernumerary 
fficers to be dismissed, and the whole to be placed under a Major instead 
f a Colonel. 

I am, &c. 

James Byrne to the Governor. 

The state of defence which you have deemed necessary for the city of March 21, 
iclimond has excited considerable uneasiness in the inhabitants of this e ers urg 
lace about their own particular situation and safety. They consider 
lemselves much exposed to the enemy by their proximity to City Point, 
here a landing may easily be effected, and eleven miles of good Road 
ould lead them to Petersburg, or eight miles water carriage from 6 to 7 
«t deep would place them at our wharf. 

In this Town are two Banks and an immense quantity of Tobacco, 
lour and other property which might be readily destroyed. We are 
Qprovided with munitions of war; we are not provided with moulds for 
wting bullets to fit the calibre of our Muskets, nor is any provision 
ade as to the supplying materials for casting Bulletts. Your attention 
1 us is particularly solicited. The 3i)th Regiment has been considerably 
finished by the absence of nearly 200 men who are now on duty in 
orfolk and Canada, the residue are ready to perform home duty if re- 
iiired. A state of discipline is indispensible to prepare us for any 
nergtmey at home or attack from abroad. This cannot be accomplished 
ithout your orders, as I do not consider myself authorized to direct 
usters not required by the Militia Law unless you require it. 
I have ordered Battalion musters immediately for an examination of 
estate of our arms, in which directions are given to have the arms as 
wplete as if ordered into Battle. Such as cannot be put into that 
Jer I will return to you. 

I now write at the particular request of the people of property here, 
ho entertain a hope that you will regard them as equal objects for your 
"otection with those of other seaport Towns. We solicit a supply of 
>wder and Ball for immediate use if necessary, and a few moulds for 
ulletts of the proper size. Any organization of the 39th Reg't which 
>u may direct shall be punctually executed ; at present we are in a 
►QJplete paralyzed condition unless you give us motion. I have every 
liance on your attention to us. 

I am, <fcc. 


James Monroe to tub Governor. 

1813. I had the pleasure to receive yours of the 17th yesterday, anc 

Wash ill irton * mvo answere d ^ the return of the mail had I not some officia 
monts which rendered it impossible. 

With an invasion at Norfolk, it is painful to say anything te 
check any measure having for its object the defense of the 
Without having examined the constitutional propriety of the 
in question for which I have not had time, I have supposed tl 
object contemplated by it might be secured by means of, and u 
authority of this government A regular Regiment is order* 
raised for the defense of Norfolk and the neighboring coast ; tb< 
are appointed and are engaged in recruiting the men, and 
known that they are not to be removed from the State, it is pn 
that they will soon be raised. 

A large body of Militia are already in service at Norfolk, and 
given to the commanding officer to call for as many more s 
judgment the public exigencies may require. Any regular 1 
which may be raised till trained will not be better qualified f< 
service than our Militia. Should the British forces continue t 
Norfolk, or other parts of the State, I have no doubt that the 1 
will order the regular troops when raised to be increased tliei 
the regiment allotted for their defence. You may be satis! 
nothing will be omitted necessary lor the protection of the Si 
patible with its general duties, which the means in the ham 
government will enable it to i»erform. 

No change has taken place in the relations between the U. S 
lv Britain. The mediation of Russia latelv offered bv the En 
both ivartio* and accepted by the President on the j*art of the 1 
was the incident to which I alluded in my conversation wi 
Cau pbeu. It is not known whether ii. Britain has accepted th 
tie** The l^resident acts on motions itKie|»eiident of that consi 
It >hc accepts with a view to fcur ami just accommodation, it mj 
Kv lead to petwv. If she di?clitN^ :: the responsibility will I 
£o\vrt»wvt;5. It; the meantime, no relaxation should take pla» 
r.v.'itarv xKvnttxros* W.w shcviLd oti ;he cootrarv be carried 

I am. Jte. 


***^ >$.*?*.$ r: r*ds irnuxoL 

\Urv& i^. Kcorvsv^v.^ :K* ie<vec*'>ss ccccisxnm ^c she Counties of Jai 

jt^.x \* Jir>» v< 


Alex'r Austen to the Governor. 

Informing that the Rifle Company, commanded by Captain Jeremiah 1813. 

Keen, had commenced their march to the place of rendezvous, but as yet ^a Dbeii' 

without rifles. County 

Geo. French (Mayor) to the Governor. 

At a meeting of the citizens of Fredericksburg on yesterday for the Man-h 22, 
purpose of devising means of defence against the danger with which we Frederuks- 
are threatened, it was the general wish that I, as Mayor of the Town, 
should address you, and request such aid as the Executive shall think 
pru|>er. We consider ourselves as more exposed than almost any other 
section of the State. The Enemy can come by water within seven miles 
of the Town. The temptation to come is strong from the quantity of 
money dejwsited in the two Banks, beside the general wealth of the 

We are endeavoring to make the best preparation we can for defence, 
but we fear it will be inadequate unless the Executive will lend their aid. 

The exempts in the Town have agreed to enroll themselves in a Com- 
pany of Artillery and one of Cavalry, but we want arms. We have one 
brasa six-pounder, and believe we can borrow two Iron fours, but wo 
want swords, carbines, and ammunition, and swords and pistols for the 

It is proposed that the Troop of Cavalry should act as Patroies on the 
Potomack from the mouth of Potomac to the mouth of Machodaek 
Creeks. But a gentleman from King George County mentioned yester- 
day that they had a fine troop of Horse in that County under the com- 
mand of ('apt. Stuart, who would, if ordered, cheerfully undertake this 
duty of Patrol. This would release us, and leave us to act in a more 
efficient body in case the Patrole should warn us of the approach of an 

His earnestly to be wished that the Executive will do promptly what 
their wisdom shall dictate as proper. 

I am, &c. 

H. B. Taylor (B. G.) to thk Governor. 

A flag was to-day sent up from the Enemy's Squadron with a letter to March 24, 
,ue from Rear Admiral Cock burn, covering one from Sir John Borlaslc Norfolk 
u *rren. for the Secretary of Russian Legation. The latter gentleman 



1.HUI. had just departed in a vessel for Baltimore, and met the flag in the 
Norfolk ' r * ver - ^ Wtt8 ms intention to call on board the Admiral 'a Ship. 

The Enemy's force was increased by the arrival of Admiral Warren, 
and consisted yesterday of two sail of the line, five Frigates, three Brigs*, 
and a schooner in Lynhaven Bay; three ships of the line, two Frigates, 
and a schooner in Hampton Roads, and one Frigate standing up the Bay 
One of the seventy- Fours got under way and strove to get out to sea. 

Two sloops coming down the river were taken this morning and carried 
into the fleet. A schooner was run on shore near Craney Island and 
burnt, and a large smoke was discovered after a firing on Nansemond 
river, and was supposed to be occasioned by the burning of another ves- 
sel. One of the Seventy-fours has moved higher up the Roads. A 
Frigate is stationed in the channel of James and Nansemond Rivers. 

My outi>osts at Willoughby's Point at ^ past ten, re|K>rt also that "am- 
oral Barges, at least ten, and live tenders, all full of men, are advancing 
up the Roads." 

We had an alarm of the landing of the Enemy last night at 11 o'clock. 
The troops remained under arms "till after sun rise and displayed the 
host animation. 

The alarm was occasioned bv some boats of our Flotilla down the 



I am. Arc, 

lo». S.w xi»kk> to the Governor. 

Matvh J»\ I ha\o this moment received your Excellency's letter covering t<> wi' a 
Norfolk Commission as Jiukv of the General Court. For tliis flattering |>n>«»f <»f 
the oon h\K-ncc of ihe Kxcvutiv* 1 K*: to express niv warmest srratitudt 
Au hour^ r*0.c\tior. ha> «uUni.i:u<il im- not to acwpt the apjHrtutuit'Ht. 
anil tnctvfore 1 ha>t«n to :x-:i;ni the commission. Having never Urn in 
purs*:;* of o!n\> anil not desirous to hold any. I cannot reconcile it 
to it >scif to >tand o:v, n joint n: in the way of sv>nie lieiiuYman bet- 
ur ..;:a\f.od vr >t:v/. a ar.-"i 7w«on>ro]e station. If I was? di*!***" 
to aoor'oi :i < a , otK»:ntr..e::i «hiri, the O-utvil lave tliousrlit prt»l** 1 " 
oor.f* r o:: :v.t. v. \ fov'.z.i^-s x\,-r.*-d n^T }*ro.:; nnr to surrender at thi? tintf- 

1 iu: . Ai~ 

\":. iS. W. M J.-.AN T\ TiiF lv<>T££XOS. 

M*v) r 1 V\ ;'"■. ' ■ >. - .■ -\v\ »\^ v.v.t v;-:r r^n^rinj Letter of the W'- 

1 s Vrwrr ;" % • ' 


ibleof the honor conferred by that honorable body, and for the good 1813. 
pinion entertained by my Governor, I tender him my most sincere jJoston 

eknowledgements, and do assure him that my exertions ever after shall U. S. Frigate 

4 i i . i • • j !• Constitution 

e to deserve what he has said ot rac. 

I hope, Sir, as the Constitution is now undergoing a repair, wherein 

ly attention is demanded, and no probable chance of visiting my State, 

wt the Governor will honor me by forwarding my Sword to Boston. 

I am, &c. 

Ro. B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

Today at three o'clock the line of Battle Ships of the Enemy, which March 28, 
ia<l l>een in Hampton roads, got under way and stood out for Lynhaven No ™°' k 
lay, three frigates having proceeded them. One of the frigates anchored 
fith the fleet below. The haziness of the weather prevents my outposts 
rom knowing if the others and the ships of the line have anchored 
here also. A Frigate from the fleet in Lvnhavcn went to sea at one 
'clock. Whether this measure be designed as a ruse de guerre to 
Her some attempt here, or as is more probable, has some connection 
ith the arrival of the fleet off New York, or the mediation of Russia 
niains to be known hereafter. Orders are already given to increase the 
gilancc of the outposts in their new direction. The Troops will be 
si>osed to-morrow if needful to meet their change of position. The 
father is too bad to allow it now. 

I find that I omitted to inform you that on the prospect of an attack, 
number of masters of ships and other private citizens had formed a 
hinteer company and tendered their service, which has been accepted 

me. and they wore posted at our new works. They are still there 
d draw rations. 

March 20th. 

Yesterday the whole of the enemy's fleet left their anchorage in 
nmpton Roads, taking several merchant vessels with them, and are at 
ichor to-day in Lynhaven Bay, except one Seventy-Four, said to be the 
ragon, which lies about five miles below Old Point Comfort. This has 
Kined the communication between Hampton and this place, by which 
• <> pilot boats have arrived this morning, and report that nine men had 
ruled in Hampton in two boats which made their escape from the 
*il>.s. They were under apprehensions from the Militia, from a belief 
iculcated on board the ships, of being treated as spies if they landed, 
ut wore made satisfied of a contrary disposition by the people at 
bunpton, who permitted them to proceed towards York, and gave them 



March 28, 



It was reported there that thirty others had landed elsewhere in same 
manner. This may account for their change of position. I cannot learn 
that they have left any boats in the river. My report from Lynhaven 
states that a frigate came in this morning and anchored ; probably the 
same that was stated to have gone to sea yesterday. The Ships at 
anchor this morning in Lynhaven were three of the line, Six frigates, an 
armed brig, and eight small vessels, apparently prizes. No movement 
has taken place among them to-day. 

I am, &c. 

March 29, 

Jno. Cropper to the Governor. 

The Legislature of Virginia at their last session thought proper to place 
over my head a gentleman not long since promoted to the rank of Major 
and recently to that of Colonel — a man without military experience I am 

I entered the Army of the Revolution at the age of nineteen, served 
during the war, and have held the highest military command on the 
Eastern Shore ever since. 

My capacity and conduct were always approved of as I believe. Under 
these circumstances it becomes my duty to resign the command of the 
second Regiment; the right to do so I trust will not be doubted. 

The ninth Brigade in particular as well as all the Militia you command, 
will carry with them my best wishes for their honor and prosperity. 

Your Excellency will no longer consider me bearing a militia commis- 
sion, but I beg you to accept my sincere respect for the attention you 
have paid to that part of the State in which I reside, and to myself as an 

I am, &c. 

March 30, 

John Myers (Aid pe Camp) to the Governor. 

General Taylor is visiting the works and directs me to say that the 
Enemy's vessels remain in the same position as before advised— every- 
thing perfectly quiet. The navigation appears quite open with the river 
since their change of position, which I can only account for by the reports 
of their loss by desertion. 

('apt. Stewart of the Constellation yesterday employed his look-out 
boat in destroying their Buoys, and informs me that it was effected to 
the number of five, and within three miles of their ships. Heisal* 
refitting his ship, 1 presume, with a view of taking his former position at 
Craney Island. 


Your favor of the 27th Inst, is received to-day. The vessel it mentions 1813. 
id been closely watched by the out-post for some time. The only per- Norfolk* ' 
>ns from her that came on shore were taken into custody under sus- 
icion of holding improper intercourse with the enemy, underwent a 
.vil examination for trial by military court which is now sitting. The 
is patch from Lynhavcn this moment states that a ship of the line La- 
lgate with the vessels supposed to be prizes, have gone to sea. A vessel 
as burnt this morning by one of the tenders towards the eastern shore, 
[or charter not discerned. 

I am, &c. 

Francis Preston to the Governor. 

Recommending the purchase of munitions of war such as Powder, March .TO, 
<«ul, salt f>etrc, and Linen for Tents, Arc, in that part of the State where Abin « don 
hey can be procured in abundance and cheap. 

Nathaniel Burwell to the Governor. 

I have this moment arrived here in time to send by the waggon all the March 30, 
irnis unfit for use, in number 45. Gloucester 

We are threatened with an insurrection of our Negroes. Ten have 
*xm apprehended and are in jail for examination. You will pardon my 
requesting an answer to my letter by last post. I know not in what 
wanner to proceed should I be obliged to call out the Regiment, which 
:| wy bo necessary to be done when perhaps we arc not prepared. 

I am, &c. 

Pursuant to an act of the General Assembly of Virginia, entitled "an March 
art Providing for the defence of the State against invasion or Insurrec- 
t,0 n," passed the 15th of February, 1818, the Executive proceeded to 
appoint the officers to the Regiment therein authorized, whose letters of 
a(, ce|»t*ince are filed and are as follows : 

Raines Maurice, Colonel Commandant, Norfolk. 

Charles Fenton Mercer, Lieut. Colonel, Loudoun. 

William R. Fleming, Major, Richmond City. 

Win. S. Clarke, Captain of Infantry, Pittsylvania. 

James A. Campbell, Do. Do. Wythe. 

J »>hn II. Steger, Do. Do. Powhatan. 





Miles King, Ju'r, 





Wm. C. Spillcr, 



King William. 

He vole v C. Stannard, 




Richard H. Field, 




Philip Sale, 




Daniel Reaslev, 

First Lieut. Infantry, 



Carter M. Braxton, 



King William. 

John S. Stuhhs, 




James K. Heath, 



Prince William. 

Isaac Quarles, 



King William. 

Hohert Lvman, 



Richmond City. 

David Saunders, 




Wm. \V. Morgan, 




Thomas \\. Green, 

Second Lieut. 



John II. Rovstcr, 



Richmond, City. 

Colin Johnson, 




William Rvrd, 




George F. Dudley, 



Penj'n Winglield, 




Uohert Uochell, 




Van Rutherford, 

Captain \\ 




Ilenrv E.Smith, 

* * 

First Lieut. 



John Salvage, 

Second Li 




James Fuller, 




Martin Fish hack, 

Ensign In 


* * 


Joseph Smith, 





P. W. Lewis, 





Wm. F. Taylor, 





Garrett Meriwether. 




Win. W. Morgan, 





Edw'd P>. S. Cary, 





Gill Armistcad, 





Wm. II. Fitzhugh. 

Captain o 

f Cavalry, 


lien net A. Crawford, 

Second Lieut. 



Rrazare W. Pry or, 

Captain o 

f Artillerv, 



George Ott, 




John Nelson, 

First Lieut. 



Wm. Peehles, 



Prince (ieor r 'e. 

Wm. Murray, 


Second P 




Sanfl Grantland, 

Do. D 




Pritt Randolph. 





Wm. Daniel to the Governor. 

I have received a verbal communication from the hon'ble Robert 1813. 
Quades, that I had been appointed by the Council of State to be Judge .^\P nI 3 » . 
of the General Court for the Williamsburg Circuit — and he requested 
that 1 would make known my determination with respect thereto to your 

I am highly sensible of the honor of this notice by the Executive, but 
it places me in a condition not without embarrassment, arising chiefly 
from my present relation to the service of the Commonwealth, which I 
leave with much hesitation. But every citizen should be ready to per- 
form according to his best skill and judgment, any service which the 
constituted authority of his country may rightfully call upon him for. 

I have been lately called upon by your Excellency to take command 
of a detachment of Militia designed for the defence of the State. I am 
now called on to undertake the performance of duties of a different 
character — it is the same authority that calls upon me in both cases. I 
can not therefore but feel myself bound to consider that that authority is 
the best judge of the disposition which can and ought to be made at the 
pr&ent, of my services, which it is pleased to believe me capable of ren- 
dering to the Commonwealth. Wherefore, I have determined that as I 
was ready to attempt the discharge of Military duty, I will hold myself 
ready also to attempt the discharge of the new duties to which 1 am 
called with all practicable despatch when and where they be prescribed 
to uie. 

I am, &c. 

Elisha ]>oyd to the (iOVERXOU. 

The requisition of Militia from the County of Berkeley passed through April 4, 
this place this morning, and we could not fail to be very forcibly struck Winchester 
with the situation of a gentleman from that county, who is among the 
Volunteer Company of Artillery. 

The gentleman we allude to is young Mr. Edward Colston, the son of 
llawleigh Colston, Esq'r, of Berkeley, and a member of the Legislature 
of this State. He had enrolled himself as soon ;us he attained the age 
ol manhood in the Volunteer corps, and but for his necessary absence in 
Kentucky would certainly have been one of its officers when the last 

selections were made. 

The late requisition found him in the ranks, but with an alacrity 
highly honorable to him he has taken up his knapsack and is now march- 
>ng on his route to the general rendezvous. We trust we shall not be 
considered as intrusive or intermeddling in expressing our anxiety that 



1813. the Executive may be able to confer on him some respectable appoint* 
Winchester men ^ which will remove him from his present unpleasant situation. \Y f e 
have hoped that the Office of paymaster to the Regiment which Col- 
Beatty informs me is vacant may be conferred on him. Should his being 
a private be an obstacle, it is believed that that will be promptly removed- 
as the Court of his County will probably at the next term nominate him 
to the Executive for some post now vacant The security which such an 
ap|K>intment would probably require would doubtless be readily fur- 
nished by Gen. Marshall and his other relatives in Richmond, or we 
should feel happy in tendering ourselves as such. 

The cheer fulness with which Mr. Colston has undertaken to fulfil a 
duty both laborious and unpleasant, as it severs him from the society of 
those of his acquaintance who are in commission, induces us to take the 
liberty of making this communication. 

I am, Ac. 

Note. — Bv reference to the Executive Journal of the date uf 12tli 
April, 181 o, it will be seeu that a Commission as Lieutenant in the Com- 
pany of Artillery was issued to Edward Colstou. — Ed. 

Kicu'i) E. Parkkk to tuk Governor. 

April f> 1 think it my duty to give you the earliest information by mail of the 

death of my venerable Grand-Father, Judge Parker, that his successor 
may, if it be thought necessary, still perform some part of the Circuit 
which commences to-day. and the public Interests receive as I ittlr Injury 
as possible. This was one of the last requests of one of the oldest and 
faithfullest servants that Virginia has ever had. 

I am, Ac. 

Spkxcek Ge«»u<;e to Col. V. Braxham. 

April \ These are to request you to send as many of your Regiment to a^t 

Uncart <>r t j 10 i^nd Regiment in the present emergenev. The Enemy is here u|*>» 
lountv r * ^ , ». 

us. landing and doing mischief everv daw Our Militia had an engagt 

moot at Chewning's Point yesterday, and the balance that are station* 1 

at Martin Shearman's, where I had a little scuffle this morning without 

any injury. You will direct your men to Chevrning's Point, to join 

Major Chewninc s Kattalion. With haste, 

I am, «fcc 


John Danuerfield to the Governor. 

n Sunday last, the 4th Instant, I received information from a .source, 1813. 
ch could not he questioned, that several severe engagements had ., l ,r " /}» 

11 . IVSMI'X Co. 

n place on the Rappahannock, in sight of Urhanna. That six ves- 
had been taken, and that the British had landed in considerable 
ibers near that place, depredating the property of individuals and 
biting evidences of an intention to make advances into the country 
Dstile array. On the same night I received a letter from the (Jom- 
dant of the lO!Hh Regiment by express, worded in the following 
mer : 

UeciIMkntal Ouijku, Urhanna, April 4th, ISM. 

be County of Middlesex being invaded by our enemy, I hereby call 
ou for such aid as you can furnish. 

Elliott MrsH, 

Lt.-Cul. Com. 9, 109th Reg't. 
). Col. Jas. Dangerfield, Essex. 

ndcr circumstances thus alarming, and requiring some immediate 
ntion, I thought it prudent and necessary immediately to issue orders 
tumbling the Militia under my command at this place, and have 
;red on a Capt., Lieut., Ensign and 50 privates to the aid of that 
ity, and immediately dispatched an Express to that place, who 
med last night with another communication from Col. Muse stating 
-the Enemy had landed in considerable numbers, and were commit- 

many outrages — and asking in the Most importunate terms addi- 
al aid. which request lias been complied with by ordering out the 
lit Infautrv attached to this Regiment. 

s the Law authorizing the calling out the Militia by Col. Comin't 
ns to make an actual invasion of tbe County a prerequisite, I deem 
ixussary to request that you would justify the measure I have adopted 

authorize a continuance in service of so manv ollicers and men as 
state of things may continue to render necessary. 
ii addition to the foregoing circumstances I have received various 
mats from the Northern Neck, stating that the men from Twenty 
Kws had (after a warmly contested action), cilectcd a landing at Carter's 
uk in I^ancaster County, and were driving the Militia of that County 
mMhem; from the same sources I have learned that the Enemy had 
le many enquiries concerning the situation of this place, its wealth 

ability to defend itself, all of which circumstances combined leave 
doubt hut an attack is meditated, which makes it necessary that the 
ilia should be held in preparation for defence. In this perilous situa- 
1 1 beg leave to suggest that the Arms of the County are many of 
ro entirely unfit for service, and particularly those belonging to the 


1813. Cavalry — not one tenth part of which are in a situation to be serviceable. 
Era" Co Ctould I be indulged with the use of as many as the Troop require (say 
fifty), it would afford great relief to have them immediately forwarded 
together with cartridges for the same. 

I am, &c. 

Tnos. Ewell to Wm. Robertson. 

April 6, Informing of the forwarding of 4 wagon loads of Powder, 12,000 lbs., 

Washington j^ a j v j cc () f fcj, e Council of State, with the promise of as much more if 


Richard E. Pahkek to the Governor. 

April 7, In consequence of receiving the enclosed Letter and hearing by Ex- 

Westmore- p resse8 dispatched for the purpose of gaining information, that the 

Enemy's vessels were some of them at the mouth of the Potoinack, I 

have thought it necessary to call out two companies from this Regiment 

into actual service. 

I have stationed them below the waters of Nominy in such ixwition* 
as to repel invasion (of which I think there is a probability) of our own 
Country, or to aid the adjacent Counties when our assistance is required 

No field officer has been called upon because I shall myself, until I 
hear from you, superintend their discipline and select the proper posi- 
tions. I beg leave at the same time to suggest that if the war continues, 
some force will at all times be necessary in the Northern Neck, and a 
greater proportion of ammunition than we have received. 

Powder and Lead for the Ritle Company and flints for the whole that 
are armed I have been obliged to procure. 

These companies consisting of about 08 men in all, I shall discharge a* 
soon as the alarm subsides, or sooner if vour orders make it necessary. 
The Express sent to Lancaster informs me that the dav before yesterday 
a very heavy firing for about five hours wjis heard in Middlesex, of the 
cause of which I have no doubt vou will be informed before this reach** 
you. I enclose some recommendations of officers whose Commission* 1 
beg you will forward by the bearer. 

If any officers from this part of the State are ordered into service, I 
Hatter myself the Executive will not forget that I have at all times been 
ready and anxious to make one. 

I am, <fcc. 


John Strotiier to the Governor. 

Agreeable to your late orders, I had proceeded three days' march on 1813. 
y way to Richmond with the Artillery company from this place, who Martinaburg 
)ukl reflect honour on any commander, when I was recalled by an 
pointment in the army of the I J. S. I enclose my commission as 2nd 
cutendant in said Company, and hereby tender my resignation, but 
imhly hope my resigning under such circumstances will not debar me 
>m entering in the service of the State at a future day. 

I am, &c. 

Spencer Georoe to the Governor. 

On Saturday last, 3rd Inst., five sail of the British came into the river April », 
ippahannock — two frigates, two brigs, and a Privateer Schooner — and ctomty 1, 
ptured six vessels, four of which were armed. The alarm spread with 
ste; the militia collected, and Sunday morning the number was two 
indrcd in two detachments, one part under my command, about nine 
ten miles above the mouth of the River, and the other part under 
mmand of Major John Chowning, about five miles above me, where 
e Enemy lay rather between us. On Sunday morning Major John 
rowning's detachment bad a^mall engagement with the three barges, 
irt beat them off without any damage on his side. The next morning 
e same number of barges landed near where we lay in a thick fog. 
c engaged them. They immediately retreated. We received no 
jury on our side. On Monday, 5th, we received sixty-four militia from 
th Reg't. On Tuesday, 6th, the Squadron made sail and fired a muri- 
rof heavy cannon on my detachment as they passed, without success, 
wlnesday part of them — on up the Ray. I thought it necessary to 
scharge the forces from 37th Reg't, as that Regiment, or section of 
untry, then appeared to be more endangered than 02 Reg't. Two 
vonty-four ships lie in the Bay opposite the mouth of the Rappa'c 
'11, not far from land. A sudden alarm among us respecting our 
■groes induced me to dismiss the militia from service in the day time, 
oy being much fatigued, and have nearly one-half on Patrole every 
gbt. Three negroes have been committed for conspiracy, and waiting 
cir trial. This circumstance I have communicated to the Command- 
•tsof 41st and 37 Regiments. 

One hundred and twenty-nine of the 41st Reg't arrived (after the de- 
nture of the above ships), which I directed to return, waiting every 
),l r, when we shall have a civil to assist <>7th Reg't on the Potomack. 
' 11s j Sir, is as correct a statement of the whole matter as my memory 
'" Permit me to make. I shall gladly receive any instructions which 
hi may give. 

I am, etc. 


James Sinoleton to the Governor. 

181.1. My friend, Dr. Rob't O. Grayson, whom I beg leave to introduce to 

April 10, your Excellency, sets out for Richmond to-morrow, and I avail myself 
(Vmnty of the opportunity to inform you of the awkward situation into which 
the militia of tins county lias been thrown by events beyond the control 
of any of us. Pursuant to your orders for drawing out a detachment 
from the Kith Brigade, Capts. Brent and McCormick were appointed to 
command Companies; since which the Executive has caused a new 
Regiment to be formed from parts of the 31st and 51st, in consequence 
of which the said Captains were appointed Majors, and qualified to these 
last appointments a little before Col. Beatty received orders to march ; 
and as these orders from the Adjutant-General were not communicated 
to Col. Beatty through me, he thought himself bound to call on the late 
appointed Majors to command the Companies now in service, and thus 
for six months two of the Regiments will loose their most efficient 
Officers; for your Excellency will recollect that to officers of that grade 
is given the appointment of Patrol cs, the existence and activity of which 
is, at this time, much wanting in our county, as from the nature of our 
population, there are, perhaps, few parts of the State in which a begin- 
ning of the modes of mid-night murder may be more justly appre- 

I am, &c. 

Richard E. Parker to the Governor. 

April 11, Since my last letter of the 7th I have been constantly down on or in 

\\ rot more- ^j K » Potomac organizing the small detachments I had ordered out, station- 
land i: II. . 

ing them at throe ho vend points, establishing their communications over 

the small rivers that indent the country, and watching the movements of 

the Enemv. I find that the heavv firing I mentioned in that Letter was 

a little wav above the mouth of the Potomac on the Bav where the 

English took twentv or thirtv vessels as vou will see from the enclosed. 

('apt. Travis is the commander of a Revenue Cutter carrying four six 

and two Brass four pounders, which is now moved up the Yeoconiiw 

River, eo-oporating with the Militia 1 have stationed there. Atthesamo 

plaee there are several other vessels, and three were this evening, as 1 

was informed bv Express, chased into that River bv the British who 

lired several (Jims at them. These circumstances, together with the 

information that a larje force is at the month of the river, that thevha ve 

the scurvy and are greatly in want of fresh provisions, and that they 

mean to rendezvous in the St. Mary's which is almost op|»osite to th«* 

mouth of the Yeooomieo induce me to l**lieve we shall have frequent 


unpleasant visits, and that more important places are threatened. 1813. 
information that they are to be in the St. Mary's is derived from a wJ£™„,ore- 
ctablc Swecdish Captain, and the other from the Surgeon of the land C. H. 
itcer Dolphin taken by the British in the Rappahannock who parolled 
Hid Capt. Stafford the 7th Inst. 

hall omit no exertion to give any nearly equal force a warm recep- 
but from the little co-operation to l>e expected from some Counties, 
the want of skill in some officers, and experience in all, from the 
ie<l and unprovided state of a part of the militia, and my having 
tillery, that reception will perhaps not be such as under other cir- 
anccs I would pledge my life to give. 

ecd every day's experience and reflection confirms my conviction 
re ought to have here some more adequate force than occammud 
to defend ourselves and co-operate with others. It would be a 
cr, safer, and more popular plan of defence. The Militia when well 
/arc I am satisfied equal to every emergency; but they certainly 
e that training. I have made out and would send you a rough but 
ite sketch of this country if I had not recollected that Madison's 
vould give you a general and sufficiently correct idea of it for the 
inon have been heard here all this day. No ammunition, &c, has 

received by me since last , and as to that I have upon ex- 

ition found that in a keg containing 1,308 cartridges, 740 of them 
terly unfit for use, partly from dampness but principally from their 
wrapped in rotten paper and tied with rotten thread. 

I am, &c. 

John Armstrong to the Governor. 

five received the letter of the 1st Jnst., which your Excellency has April 11, 
me the honor to write to me. There is no objection to the recall of War ,)e part- 
ircc or four companies of which you speak if the chasm left by 
he supplied under the second requisitions. [Presuming that your 
aturc is about to convene, it may be well to obtain their interposition 
nforming the organization of your Militia Regiments to that of the 
cnts of the United Slates. In the mean time the mustering officer 
be instructed to accept three commissioned officers to each company of 
« ml ret I, rank and file, conformably to your present system]. 

I am, Sec. 




Ellison Currie to the Governor. 

isi 3. I duly appreciate the confidence reposed in me by the Executive in 

V^Vi"/ a PP oul tinjr. mc t° AH tno vacancy in the Gen 'I Court occasioned by the 
death of the Hon'hle Richard Parker, and take this method of declaring 
my acceptance of that appointment 

You will he pleased to assure the members of the Council that my 
best endeavours shall be used to perform faithfully the duties of the 

For the friendly and flattering manner in which you have made the 
communication, I offer you my sincere thanks. 

I am, &c. 

John* Myers (Aip-de-Camp) to tub Governor. 

April 13, The General has directed me to say to you that the contents of your 
Norfolk 1;|Yor of l0th Jnst shaU lic ^^npij^i with. 

On the 1 1th Inst, a boat entered this river from the Enemy's .Squadron 
• during a violent sale with a white flair, her crew being in a perishing 
condition, consisting of fmrtcen British and two American seamen, were 
taken on board the Constitution, and proved, as rejiorted to me by her 
commander, to lv one of four boats that were employed to capture a 
Baltimore schooner from France, which, however, ran on shore. They 
wen* ohli^\l to alvandon her, taking out her crew. The sale increasing, 
the Kvits o»nld n«>t recover their ships, and this one was forced to make 
:h ; .s river. The Genera) made the necessary disposition to capture the 
remaining three if forced on shore, but throu-rh the vurilance of Major 
i\»r.*in. the officer commanding the post al Hampton, they fell into his 
luv.ds. having ncared thai shore- Those l**ats contained Fifty-two 
Britsh seamen, of *hich there was a Lieut, and Midshipmen. The 
American* were u\enty-six in nuniii-r. The prisoners will l«c fonranW 
I/* Kichmonil to N pa; in eiiar^y ^i the Marshall. 

I an:. A~c 

X S\ T*V* OR, J, X'lU T-* THE O^VERXoR. 

vv* v *. *> >»-v**-". : .:.> ?;v*.;v t ' ; . y v.:t ViW-r ^,f ;hr K*th Inst., via Boston. en* 

t v »^:c :c \^ ^ : *= >.«s •■**.••»,■"■.> ■-■' »:.:* Kcs«e> ^r :?.e I jesi>lature : and 1 »olicve 

iv.~ ■• . . S .. v\\ ".•";*•* : v ■.:<*• : *■ ■■■-■<• . r .> *~ A rr?erirsvi.. ihe abundant srnititum 

N,v "* ,,<k ;■■..-, - \ .■ ; * > ^«.r:r» ;. r Kr r-vjsv. but n>cw particularly to m. v 



?e State, which has so generously proffered me so noble a testimony 1813. 

ier wtppin April 18, 

lereneem. U. 8. Frigate 

I am, &c. Constella- 

S.— You will please forward the sword to the care of Col. John Tay- Norfolk 
Washington city. 

Rob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

e arrival of General Hampton, by superseding my command, seemed 
fider it necessary that I should lay before him the several letters 
ssed to me as commanding officer, and to leave to him their dis- 

April 24, 

t it will at all times afford me the greatest pleasure to testify my 
ct for the Executive of Virginia, and to give all the information in 
K)wcr touching the subjects on which they may think proper to ex- 
to me their wishes. 

|»t Callond's artillery arrived several days ago, and three transports 
just arrived in the harbour. 

ijor-General Hampton, to whom I shewed your letter of the 17th of 
I, and my correspon. on the subject of the requisition, will have 
ered it in relation to the discharge of the troops. The eommuniea- 
of the Governor to Captain Heth has been made, and will be pro- 
ve of a happy effect. I have great pleasure in saying that the 
•, subordination and obedience, which mark the general character of 
rmy, afford me entire satisfaction, and are equally honorable to the 
ligence and patriotism of the troops. There have been, and still 
some trifling irregularities, but the progress of discipline has sur- 
tl my expectations, and I do not doubt that the army will evince 
xlsehood of the charge that militia are incapable of the subordina- 
essential to military efforts. Ours is not a system of terror; every 
is is taken to cultivate the confidence and affection of the soldiers, 
to evince a proper regard to their comfort. It is, however, distinctly 
rstood that there exists the power and the determination to enforce 
. Hence obedience and attention to duty are becoming matters of 
J with the soldiers. 

iey are anxious about their pay, and some of them suffer severely 
vant of it, but even in their wants are not importunate, and they 
ut murmur. I could wish both on the score of policy and necessity 
the Executive would authorize an immediate payment from the State 
a to the 1th March to be reimbursed hereafter by the general govern- 

ineditate a plan of uniforming the troops. General Hampton will 
ard my application to the Secretary of War to advance the funds to 
educted out of their last pay. 


1813. About $10 25 will furnish two suits including shirts to each. I believe 

Norfolk* ^ nat ^ e M a J or 'Geueral cannot at this moment dispense with the services 
of Col. Armistead. The Col. has promised me a model of a wheel in 
time to send by this letter; if he furnishes it, it shall be enclosed. 

A vacancy has been occasioned in the Norfolk Junior volunteers by 
the appointment of its captain to a majority in the U. S. Army. It is a 
noble company. As it is reserved for the bayonet I wish the officers to 
l>e full. It has been usual to consult the members of Volunteer Corps 
in the appointment of their officers. Rut as this in actual service might 
be productive of the most dangerous intrigues and : nsubordi nation and 
jealousies. 1 have not thought proper to set such a precident without 
learning the wishes of the Executive. 

The Lieut. George \V. Camp is now the acting adjutant under Colonel 
Sharp. Edmund liar ret t is the Ensign. Roth excellent officers. 
George Kelley, the 1st Sergeant, merits promotion. I enclose a letter of 
Capt. Green to me. If the arrangement proposed should be approved 
by the Executive, it will be gratifying to me. Ensign Thornton is a 
young Officer of promise, and performs temporarily, with considerable 
credit to himself, the duties of Adjutant of Col. Clarke's Regiment. 
Green himself is an officer of such distinguished zeal and intelligence, 
and his Company have set so good an example to the Army, that I feel 
solicitude to attain what they very much desire. 

I am, etc. 

John Connell to tub Governor. 

May .\ You will have information before this reaches you that the Virginia 

Brooke C. H, jj r j„ a , 1 t . | KlV e returned home without having it in their power to meet 
the enemies of our Country, and I hope without disgrace to their parent 

The imprudent advance of General Winchester from the rapids oo ,M " 
pletely defeated the object of the campaign, and left us so far in the rear 
of time that no other alternative presented itself to the Commander-in- 
chief but to advance to the rapids ami there build a Fort sufficiently 
strong to protect the public stores ; and from thence, if an opj>ortunity 
offered, to attack the enemv. But the term of service for which tin' 
troops from Kentucky anil Ohio — being about to expire, they would not 
agree to volunteer for a longer term, and were discharged, leaving the 
Pennsylvania and Virginia Brigades, the Petersburg, Pittsburg, and 
Greensburg Blues, with a few Companies of Regulars, to finish and 
defend the Fort. An attack from the enemy was expected, but they 
chose to content themselves with the advantage they had gained. From 


beet information I could obtain from some of those who were in the 1813. 
Ion, it was to them a dear bought victory, and to us a melancholy re- Br oJjg <j u 
tion that it deprived us of the opportunity of seeing Maiden, there 
lie or Conquer. That, I believe, was the determination of the troops, 
they appeared to have the highest confidence in the Commander-in- 
sf, and in my opinion it was by him justly merited, 
ou will, no doubt, also have learned that the greater part of the 
is furnished by the State of Virginia to the Brigade were left at 
ware, upper Sandusky, &c. 

his was contrary to my opinion ; I urged the propriety of the men's 
ruing the arms into the State, observing that a loan was not a gift, 
that the men were bound to carry and return them, if not at a par- 
lar place, at least in the Regiment from whence they were drafted, 
his, however, was contrary to the opiiron of a majority of the officers 
a present^ of course the men were suffered to deposit the arms as 
ve stated. 

knowing what an immense loss the State will sustain, and believing 
t every stand of arms will be wanting to defend us against our ene- 
», I would advise that measures be immediately adopted to have the 
is collected and secured, as they will be daily diminishing in number 
I value. Should your Excellency think proper to direct that the arms 
uld be secured, and at the same time consider me a proper person to 
e it done, I shall willingly undertake the same for the good of my 
ntry, and confide the business to such persons only as will discharge 
' duty with fidelity and for a reasonable compensation. 

I am, &c. 

). Archer (Comd't 1st Batt., 68th Kbu't) to the Governor. 

i is the wish of the Inhabitants of York that the Gov'r should order June 12, 
for further defence the 1st Battalion of the 68th Reg't. The Bat- York 
>n District begins at Goowin's point (at the mouth of York River) 
terminates at the college in the city of Wins Burg. By the la*t 
alion return it appears that the said Battalion was 104 strong. 

I am, &c. 

nee writing the above Letter, I am informed by a passenger in the 
■: from Wins Burg that the Revenue Cutter Surveyor, commanded 
!apt. Sam'l Travis, lying opposite the Capitol Creek, was captured 
night by four of the Enemy's barges that came up York River. 

I am, <fcc. 


John Myers (Aid-de-Camp Gen'l Taylor) to the Governob 

1813. The General directs me to hand you a copy of a letter received y 

Norfolk' tert ^ a y fr° in Major Nimmo, of the 20th Regiment, Princess Anne Coun 
It was accompanied by two letters by a flag of truce from the cc 
mander of the British Frigate Atalante (T. Hickey), demanding so 
Sheep and Oxen, with a threat if not complied with, of using force,* 
destroyed a mill on the plantation of the Proprietor to whom the let! 
were addressed, living about ten miles to the southwest of Cape Henr 
This conduct is disgraceful and unmanly, and the rencontre whicl 
reported by Major Nimmo to been the consequence, proves t 
such transactions only excite the scorn and resentment of our Yeoman 
and will never lead them to acquiesce in similar demands. 

The General begs permission to state that great advantage might res 
from the Militia on that frontier being supplied with ammunition, 
has for the present informed Major Nimmo that he will supply him w 
some Powder and Lead to make Ball from the U. S. stores on his o 
responsibility, and recommended to him to furnish what he can obt 
in the neighborhood on behalf of the State government, by whom 
would doubtless be remunerated. 

I am, &c. 

Princess Anne Co., June loth, IS 13 

Sir, — One of his Britanic Majesty's Ships sent a flag of truce ash 
last evening demanding fresh provisions. Getting more calm, this d 
about 12 o'clock, with several boats, fired on some persons then on' 
Beach. I heard the alarm ; collected about 15 men ; went down with 
speed, and disappointed of burning one wind-mill by a close enga 
nient. They went on board and reinforced before I could. They ca 
the second time and burnt another mill. 

We attacked them, altho' they were under cover of the cannon,! 
in a little time we could have made prisoners of them, but our ami 
nition gave out. They say they want fresh provisions, and they will h 
it on some terms. 

They fired near 100 twenty-four pounders at us, and we reinforce* 
the afternoon, and had another engagement. We had one man slig 
wounded, and the enemy carried one man on board dead or woun 
Now, I have collected the militia, but we can only depend on the b 
net I have used every means to procure ammunition, but have fa 
If we do not get it from some source, we must quit our county am 
drove from our own houses. 

We expect an attack to-morrow by a reinforcement 



Please excuse me in making free, as I am not in the requisition now 
in service. I only wish to call your attention in this crisis. We are now 
on the frontier, and no ammunition. I have enclosed the letters from 
his Majesty's Ship, but I did not receive them until our engagement was 

I am your most ob'd't servant, 

\VM. Nimmo, 
Major 1st Batt'n 2d Va. Reg't. 


June 17, 


William Armistead, M. 0. D., to the Governor. 

One of our videts has this moment arrived from Sandy Point with a 
communication from John Minge, EsqV, which I hasten to forward to 
your Excellency. 

I am, Arc. 

P. S. — The trooper states that twelve British vessels have just arrived 
in Hampton Roads. 

Sunday evening, June 20th, 1818. 

I was on board a Smithfield boat this evening after sunset. The Cap't 
^formed us that he was this morning in about 10 miles of Newport 
^e\vs and saw an engagement with some of our gun-boats and an 
Miemys ship supposed to be a Frigate. In about two hours after the 
"ring began the ship fell down around the point, and the gun-boats ap- 
peared to follow. Pic also stated that the inhabitants of Smithfield were 
nioving out their goods as fast as possible. I believe the man told the 

John Minge. 

June 21, 



Sta'n Crutchfield to the Governor. 

Feeling it my duty, I take the liberty of informing you by Express of j une 21 
J*e vast increase of the Enemy and their threatening position. In Camp near 
Hampton Roads, up to the mouth of James River, there are at this 
<*rne four seventy-fours, Eleven Frigates, Three Transports, and six Ten- 
ders (two of them armed schooners — one, the Revenue Cutter, lately 
k*ken from us), and below are three seventy-fours now under way. 

You will at once perceive the impossibility of opposing their numbers 
^"ith not more than five hundred men, officers included, many of whom 
* re in the Hospital, and will, I make no doubt, hasten to the field of 
lc *io n> 



1813. In the event of the Executive giving any assistance, in the absence of 

June 21, a jj communication being cut off with Norfolk, it would be desirable that 
(Jamp near n * 

Hampton such Troops should be detached as can move with the greatest celerity. 
The militia of the 115 and 78th Regiment will, it's understood, defend 
the various points above us. Having previously determined not to 
abandon or surrender the Post, but in the last moment of a desperate 
extremity, Shall feel a consolation in having discharged that duty which, 
with the Troops and citizens, are so anxiously insisted upon and de- 
manded of me — That of aid. 

I am, <fec. 

J. L. Riddick, Jr., to the Governor. 

Jane 23, I am this moment on the wing with the whole of the effectives belong- 
Suflolk j n g ^ t ^ e rflfa Reg't under my command in consequence of the landing 
of a formidable force on the lower part of this county. 

I deem a further supply of ammunition of the first importance, and 
must earnestly solicit your Excellency to forward on with dispatch such 
munitions of war and such aid as the emergency demands. 

I am, <fec. 

Staplkton Crutchfielp to the Governor. 

Juno 25, I have to perform the painful duty of apprising you of my retreat 

Half Way w jt], the Garrison under my command at Hampton to this place. Thi* 

between morning a little after (\\q o'clock the Enemy commenced a fire of round 

Hampton an ,| n >cket shot from their tenders and barges in the river and creek 

and \ ork ° . • 

opposite to Hampton, and very shortly aftenrarrh by nine Hvndw 

f/*fx>p in our rem: Their attack from the water direction which was kept 

up incessantly, was repelled by our batteries under the command of 

Capt R \V. Pry or in a manner worthy of veteran troops. Upon the 

attack from the landside I proceeded with the Infantry companies to the 

road in order most effectually to counteract the designs of the Enemy in 

that quarter, but had not gained the desired |>oint of destination before 

the muskets oi the foe assailed our troops from a skirt of woods near 

where the riflemen under Capt R. Servant had been placed, and who, 

for some considerable time^ with much coolness, and, no doubt, excellent 

effect* kept them in cheek. From our line of march in column through 

a field where we were attacked, I immediately found a line and advanced 

by quick time towards the woods where the invaders had formed. 

We had not proceeded tar in this line before the Enemy opened t 


heavy and continual fire of grape and other shot upon us. The view of 1813. 
the enemy's troops which I now took, rendered it necessary on our part H^fWaV 
to form again in column and endeavor to gain the wood now within one House 
or two h und red yards. Hampton 

In endeavoring to gain such a position, our troops were for a short time and York 
necessarily exposed to the fire of the Enemy. Upon filing into the 
woods in order to repel with the hest effect the opj>osing fire, the troops 
under my command, with very few exceptions, (with which few I take 
pride in mentioning ('apt. Sam'l Shields' company, who executed the 
order? given in a very ready and spirited manner), seemed to consider 
their woody asylum as inviting to Hy, and immediately flew in every 
direction, and would not with every effort I could use consent to rally. 

Under such circumstances the Enemy pursuing with rapidity and suc- 
cess, a general rout and retreat of our troops took plate. I fear we have 
lost many brave fellows. Major Corbin at the head of the column and 
very near the Enemy, received several shots, one of which passed through 
his leg, one through his arm, and he remains dangerously wounded. The 
Enemy marched into the town, and Capt. Pryor's company being com- 
pletely surrounded by land and by water, must have been taken prison- 
ers at their batteries. I am unable at present to enter into further detail, 
^our orders of the 23rd instant met me on the retreat. 

From a French officer and two privates who left the Enemy this morn- 


,n S, I learn that the Enemy have between 4 and 5,000 troops, and with 
the very great force near to and in possession of Hampton, should they 
'fcsire to remain will render a very considerable force necessary to remove 

Reserving further details from York or Williamsburg, to the first of 
p hich places I intend to proceed this evening, 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — ('apt. Pryor with most of his brave soldiers have this moment 

cached here, after having most severly handled the Enemy, spiked their 

Minon, swam across the creek, and retreated in rear of the enemy. 

lajor Corbin has also just reached here in a tumbril. 

By order of Major Crutchfield. 

Ro. Anderson, Adj. 

Robert G. Scott to the Governor. 

Mr. Coleman, just from York, has brought the particulars of the late j une 25 

isasterous attack on Hampton. The enemy appears to have planned Williams- 

leir attack well ; a marine force approached the town through Hampton 

'reek, while a land force landed between Newports Noose and the creek, 

nd fell on the rear of the garrison, who being overpowered, made a long 



isi:*,. and gallant defence, but were finally compelled to retreat. About 150 

w/niams- esca l )C ^ an( ^ are now a ^ the half-way bouse between Hampton and York, 
burg where 115th Regiment are ordered to convene. 

One Company of this Regiment, under the command of Capt Cole- 
man, about 35 strong, move to-night. Captain Archer, with 40 men, arc 
in New York with Captain Boyan's, with about 30 men. Captains Hub- 
bard. Taylor, and Hazelwood are to rendezvous here to-morrow bv 10 
o'clock. These companies will amount to about 170. The troops arc 
without either Nap-sacks, canteens, or tents. The ammunition, too, is 
not plentiful, and the troops, who have retreated from Hampton, are 
almost entirely without any, having lost all, art well as their camp equip- 
age at Hampton. These wants should be immediately supplied. The 
whole of this Regiment will march to the half-way house, where the 
whole number will not exceed, with those from Hampton as well as the 
115th Regiment, 700 men. The enemy's force is estimated from 900 to 
1,100 strong. 

I am, <fec. 

Alexander Taylor (Captain) to the Governor. 

.June 2(», Tendering the services of the Petersburg Repub'n L. Infantry Cow- 
Petersburg 1>any for the llefe|ice of the Country. 

Uor't T>. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

June 27, I have made drafts on the neighboring Counties for as many men as 
Norfolk wag CO nsistcnt with their safety from the internal foe, should anv attempt 
be made on them by the Enemy. 

Yesterday two Americans were brought up to me. They had escaped 
as they said, from the vessels in Lynhaven, having been detained in Jl 
ship from Baltimore to Lisbon. They inform me that the Triumph, 74. 
arrived two days ago with a reinforcement of 4 to 500 troops; and the 
Enemy have since been joined by a brig and schooner from sea, the 
hitter apparently full of men. No movement is making to-day, but the 
boats and Tenders have come out of Hampton full of men, and « aTC 
laying among the Ships in the Road near Willoughby's. 

From the calm and inactivity among them at present, I conjcct llTC 
that the check at Crany Island has been such as to cause their waiti 11 - 
for reinforcement, which is in all probability expected to arrive, or t^ e 
preparation of new means for attack. Their land forces, by their o^ n 
account to these men, are 5,000 men, and they consider ours 7,000. 

Under these circumstances, 1 deem it highly important that all t^ 



ce above this and in your neighborhood that can be marched at once 
mid be put in motion towards this place without delay. As the pres- 
state of tilings cannot continue long, we ought to be prepared by a 
isive stroke to check the best efforts of the enemy. 
t iuny save Virginia for the residue of the war. 

Hie cvnstyueneeH of their *ucce*s are incalculaftle. Their whole force will 
doubt be brought against us in the next attack. 

I am, &c. 

. S. — I have this moment seen a letter from a respectable, intelligent 
^iuian, now in Lisbon, who announces the sailing of this fleet on the 
lority of letters from England for the avowed purpose of destroying 
place and New York. 

June 27, 

fiLEs Selden (L. C. C. 62nd Va. Reut.) to the Govrknob. 

be late news from the enemy has induced me to call out the greater 
of this regiment; they arc directed to rendezvous at Fort Powhatan, 
i of them at least as are provided with cartridges. I understand 
i the officer commanding, that he has at the Fort not more than 1,500 
ridges. I furnished a part of the Militia when in service before with 
10 rounds; these are all within our reach. If the authority which 
ive exercised in calling into service for the present a part of this regi- 
it is contrary to your wishes, be good enough to inform me soon. I 
some difficulties upon the subject; more particularly as the people of 
County are now in the midst of their harvest, but when I hear our 
tual foe is already in possession of a part of our territory, and within 
riking distance of us, I was unwilling to remain idle and indifferent. 
fcem it useless to call into service more of the militia until we can be 
ushed with more ammunition, which, I have no doubt, you will do 
K)on as possible. I shall proceed to establish a line of information 
m the river immediately. 

I am, &c. 

June 27, 


George Co. 

Hie Petition of sundry citizens of Nansemond County setting forth 
defenceless situation of Suffolk and the County generally : asking for 
return of the militia of Nansemond (all of which is at Norfolk) for 

! protection of the citizens against the public enemy, as well as against 

urrection, is filed. 



Kich'd W. Byrd to thk Governor. 


June 28, 


I deem it my duty to inform you that I have ventured to order the 
Isle of Wight troop of horse to Norfolk and the Southampton troop to 
this place. The former arrived in Norfolk on the 25th inst., and the 
latter got here last night. I should certainly have consulted you before 
taking this step, but I was aifraid of the delay which would have thereby 
been produced. The duty imposed on the troopers at Norfolk is 
extremely hard, and would probably kill one-half the men and horses 
in another month but for the aid of the Isle of Wight troop. 

The companies of Captains Carr and Saunders are getting very sickly, 
and this is ascribed in a great measure to excessive fatigue. I hope, 
therefore, that my conduct will not be disapproved by you. General 
Taylor applied to me several times for an additional troop. The one 
belonging to this County was embodied by the Commandant of the 
County before they were called to Norfolk by me. A frigate and a Brig- 
are anchored about seven miles from this town. Four of their barge*- 
have been sent to attack a body of our Militia stationed at the mouth ol 
our Creek. There have been two engagements with them, but I believe 
that no damage has yet been done on either side. 

We have found several of the balls shot at our men. The enemy an 
using every effort to sound the channel of the creek. There is no doub 
but they will succeed in getting here and destroying the town unless & 
proper force is kept here. If you have them to spare, permit me to be=^ 
that you will send down about fifty swords and as many pistols for t 
Southampton troop. They are nearly unarmed ; where the fault lies 
cannot tell. There is a great dispute between the former and presei 
Captain upon this subject; each ascribing the fault to the other. As tit 
troop is now situated, very little aid can be expected from it. 

I am, &c. 





Joseph W. Ballard (Major 1st Batt'n 29th Keu't) to ti 



June 28, 

The threatening aspect presented by the enemy has again rendered 
necessary to call out the militia of this county, and as the danger aj 
pears much more imminent, and the force of the enemy greater th 
heretofore, I called into service the whole force of the 29th Regt. 
the 26th Inst, their launches attempted to enter Pagan creek and co 
mand an attack on a detachment of Infantry and artillery station 
there, who returned it in a spirited manner, and after exchanging fou 
teen shot tney returned. On the same evening a ship and a brig, with 







ltnber of launches, moved up opposite this place, and are now lying in 1813. 
jht of it, and as soon as their force shall have left Hampton, of which g„"j"jjj^|j 
ey are now in possession, we expect their next object will be this 

An order has been received from you requiring our Cavalry to march 
Norfolk, which accordingly marched on the 25th. Every exertion 
s been made to render our force as imposing as possible ; all the ammu- 
tion we could procure has been provided, and, in addition, a small sup- 
y from Norfolk ; we yet stand in need of a considerable supply. Our 
ms are particularly deficient; we require a supply of one hundred 
uskets. Such as were not armed with fire locks have been attached to 
ir two field pieces as artillery, and all the fowling pieces we could pro- 
ire have been brought into service. 

I have also applied to Col. Blow, of Southampton, for a reinforcement 
r two militia companies; the force of our regiment being much woak- 
ted by the companies heretofore marched to Norfolk. I have deemed 
proper to give you information (by express) of our situation here, and 
m may rest assured, Sir, that no exertions will be spared, and from 
e zeal manifested by our militia, I may, with confidence, expect to 
*a a good account of the enemy, should they, as I have no doubt, 
xlitate an attack on this place. 

I am, &c, 

V. S. Since the march of our Cavalry a letter has been received from 
'tieral Taylor directing me to march 250 Infantry to Norfolk (more 
i»n half our present force), to which, on account of the emergency of 
a occasion, I have sent an answer stilting the force here to be less than 
± defence of this place requires. Capt. Dixon, of Portsmouth, has 
t»n so good as to loan me two '.Mb. cannonades, and we stand in need 
ammunition for them, as well as for the two field-pieces that were 
~*t from Richmond. 

SSince finishing my letter one of our guard has this moment returned 
mi down the river, and states that 4 ships and a number of smaller 
asels are under full sail up the river, which, we suppose, are to join 
ewe now lying at the Mouth of the Creek, in order for an attack on 
is place. 

J. W. B. 

William Chamberlayne to the Governor. 

The enclosed this moment reached me by express from Col. Win. June 29, 
falker. I arrived here with the Regiment from New Kent and Charles ,Tamee ^ itv 
'ity a few minutes before the express, and shall make every exertion to 
tsach W'msburg to-night. 


1813. Since writing the above, I received yours of the 27th. My best exer- 

Rm^H ri/v ti° ns shall be used to effect the object contemplated. 

James City 

I am, <fcc. 

Head Quarters, Wmsbukg, 29th June. 1813. 

Sih, — I have just received information of six Barges coming up James 
River, in six miles of this place, and that there were several frigates near 
Day's Point, on James River, last night. I have to request that you will 
push on to my aid — at any rate with your Cavalry, if your Infantry are 
too much fatigued. 

Wm. Walker, C. C. 68th Keg't 

Brig'r-Gcn , l Chamberlaync. 

June 30th, 1813. 

Major Stapleton Crutch field, being informed that a Flag of Truce was 
dispatched on the 28th by Admirable Sir J. B. Warren to Hampton, ami 
that it is possible some indignity might have been conceived by the 
oflicer as offered on the part of a few of the citizens.present, has deputed 
Major Griffin and Lieut. Lively with a flag, to assure the Adminil that 
every discontinuance has and will be shewn by the Commandant to 
occurrences of that unwarrantable nature. In the absence of supplies 
occasioned by the depredations committed on Hampton, which destroyed 
all medicine and comforts for the unfortunate wounded and sick Ameri- 
cans, the Major flatters himself that the Admiral will not oppose a speedy 
and direct supply from Norfolk. 

Three of his Majesty's subjects having been taken prisoners at Hamp- 
ton, whose names at this time are not recollected, but will be given, the 
Major would be informed of the number and names of those taken on 
the part of the British, individuals having felt the loss of private pro- 
perty, which can be presumed to be of use to none but themselves. 

Col. King, an aged and respectable citizen, will be permitted to return 
to his family in Norfolk with the Flag of Truce. 

Rob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

July 1, I had the honor to receive to-day your letter of the 28th. When all 

Norfolk the forces shall have concentrated, the enemy can effect nothing by a 
land attack unless his force be greatly superior to what he is believed to 
have at his command. Whether his inactivity here be produced by * n 
intention to abandon the attack, by preparation of new means, by the 
expectation of additional force, or by an attempt to distract or supprise 


is wholly a matter of speculation. It behooves us, however, to be 1813. 
epared for the worst. Norfolk 

We are destitute of camp equipage and accoutrements for the expected 
session, and the present force is poorly provided with waggons. The 
oops should either bring with them, or to prevent delay, there should 
e sent after them all the supplies of this sort, as also of cartridges which 
an be furnished — of waggons in particular there nhould be a full supply. 

Great attention should be used to prevent any attempt of the enemy 
o cut off our reinforcements. 

I am happy to inform you that in a conversation with my aid, Adm'l 
.Varren, has disclaimed all intention to excite or arm the slaves. 

There is a large supply of ordnance at the Navy Yard which I have 
10 doubt might be had on your application, but we have no means of 
and transportation. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Allen to the Governor. 

The day I wrote you from Cabin Point b\ r mail 29th June, I ordered July 1, 
my Regt. to convene at Surry Ct. House the next day. Have at this Tree^Surry 
time all the men that have arms on duty, to prevent, if possible, the County 
British from committing depredations on the shores. To-day I went 
down to four-mile Tree, where I understood the British had landed from 
some of their Barges ; unfortunately they had returned about half an 
hour before I got there with two companies of Infantry. They are 
destroying all the Stock of sheep and cattle they can find. The furni- 
ture in the houses. They took from Four-Mile Tree and Mount Pleasant 
this morning 20 head of Sheep and the Fowls ; destroyed the furniture 
at Four-Mile Tree and Mount Pleasant. They were also at Mr. J. D. 
Edwards ; have not heard what damage he sustained. The negroes in- 
formed me at Four-Mile Tree that those Barges that came there the men 
*ereonly armed with swords and pistols. There are two Brigs, five or 
*ix schooners, and as many sloops up as high as Dancing Point. At 
four o'clock there are one Brig, two launches, and eight barges in two 
f^iles of this place. There is one large Brig at Goose Hill "coming up. 
^ome schooners and Sloops below here. The Brig appears by the eye 
to be a 20 Gun Brig. There are seven or eight Barges from Cobham 
town ; having no glass could not tell if there are any Barges on the 
chores below. About three o'clock a boy, about the age of 14 years, 
that deserted from the British at Swan's Point (Tuesday night), came to 
the Guard at Four-Mile Tree. Informs me there are no Troops on board 
tf the Vessels in James River. The vessels that are coming up James 
River intend to fill with water; he mentioned they were in want of 



1813. water and fresh provisions. The small vessels, he mentioned, had only 
F ur Mile ^ manv men as W0U M navigate them ; from seven to twelve men in 
Tree, Surry them. Major Langley C. Wills, whom I have stationed between Cobham 
lin y and lower Chipoacks, informed me about 3 o'clock that one of the 
Barges came on shore with a Flag ; informed he was sorry to hear that 
the Barges were plundering up the River; that it was contrary to orders. 
The officer that came with the Flag, mentioned he should punish those 
that had been plundering. The officer stated they wanted water; that 
he was determined to have it at the risk of every consequence. The 
deserter has this moment given me the number of men that are on board 
the Launches and Barges; Launches about 40 each; Barges from 10 to 
20 each. I think they will go up as high as Kennon's for water. If it 
is possible, send me the arms mentioned in my letter of the 29th June— 
140 stand to completely arm my Reg't. 

The Cartridges that were sent in March will not give each man more 
than eight. If you should not send arms, do send three or four thousand 
cartridges more. The 71st Reg't were in want of Hints; I got some from 
Col. Selden ; they are so small that not more than one-third of them will 
answer for muskets. One-half of the muskets at this time have flints 
that will not make fire more than twice or three times. 

Not having any Troopers I am compelled to forward my letter hy 
mail. I have stationed Major Langley C. Wills, with two companies of 
Infantry, between Cobham and lower Chipoaks; Capt. Thos. Cocke at 
upper Chipoaks with two companies. 

I am, <fec. 

July 2, 

Wm. Tazewell to the Governor. 

Anticipating that any information relative to the situation of Major 
Corbin, who suffered so severely in the defence of Hampton, will be in- 
teresting to you, I take the liberty to communicate that notwithstanding 
their severity and the inclemency of the season, his wounds look well* 
and ns yet promise the most favorable result 

We have been for some days in a state of great consternation here. 
Not less than 14 of the enemy's Barges, accompanied by an armed Brig 
and (> or 7 Tenders, have been engaged in the work of plundering and 
desolation in our immediate neighborhood. On yesterday evening, di s " 
graceful to state, a party landed at Jas. Town, and after plundering the 
plantation, destroyed Lieut. Ambler's Household furniture of every de- 

I am, <fec. 

N. B. — I have just learned from good authority that a number of the 
Enemy's Barges have been seen passing to-day up and down the river 
opposite this place. 


Rob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

Your despatch by Express reached me yesterday. The Trooper 1813. 
drought it down with extraordinary dispatch, and was too much exhausted jJorfbUc 
to return till to-morrow. 

I am sensible of the embarrassment produced by the remonstrance 
from Nansemond ; nor is it without cause that the inhabitants of that 
County feel uneasy at their situation, though I think they have magni- 
fied their danger, as they have also the inducement for a hostile attempt. 
It is not to be believed that any movement of slaves will l>c attempted 
while a large force lies between them and the enemy, on whose co-oj>cra- 
tion thej r might rely ; neither can it be thought probable that the Enemy 
would attempt Suffolk with such a force in his rear. But this is a crisis 
of great trial, in which minor evils must be submitted to to avert greater. 
The possession of Norfolk by the enemy leaves not only Suffolk and 
Nansemond but all the lower part of Virginia open to his inroads. 

His defeat here will probably give security during the war. Under this 
impression, though I feel every disposition to give all the protection in 
my power to Nansemond, I cannot think it judicious to diminish a force 
now probably numerically inferior to the enemy's «ind necessarily dis- 
tributed at many points. So soon as the concentration of the intended 
succor shall enable me. I will send back the Nansemond Troops last 
called out, retaining only its cavalry. I think it desirable that all the 
force not needful for your defence should be sent down. Riflemen will 
Ik? very useful. 

If these views should not meet your approbation, I shall take pleasure 
m accommodating myself to your wishes. 

I am, &c. 

Jos. W. Martin to the Governor. 

Asking permission and advice as to raising an Artillery Company in July 2, 
«enry County, where, as yet, there does not exist one. Henry Co. 

J. Armstrong (Secretary) to the Governor. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's let- July 3, 
* er of the 27th, with its inclosures, and to inform you that the measures Department 
w hich have been adopted by General Taylor and your Excellency have 
k^n approved by the President. 

I am, &c. 


Tiios. Griffin and Robert Lively to Sta. Crutchfield (Major 


1813. Anxious to effect as early as possible the objects of the flag entrusted 

York' ^° us ^y y (ni on tne ^ I ,lst M we proceeded immediately after receiving 
your dispatches for Admiral Warren and Gen'l Taylor to Hampton. On 
our arrival at the latter place, some difficulty arose in procuring a vessel 
to convey us to the British fleet, and after some delay we were com- 
pelled to embark in a small open four-oared boat, the only one it 
seemed which the fury of the enemy had left capable of floating. We 
proceeded to the fleet of the enemy with the utmost dispatch which our 
little skiff and the excessive heat of the day would permit; and when 
distant from the Admiral's ship about half a mile, were met and hailed 
by a barge from the Enemy, the officer of which was informed we had 
dispatches for Admiral Warren. We were invited into the barge, which 
invitation we accepted, as well to relieve ourselves from the confinement 
on board our little vessel ; to lighten as much as possible the burthen of 
our oarsmen; and to proceed with as much expedition as was practicable 
to obtain the objects of our mission. On our arrival at the Admiral's 
Ship (the St. Domingo) we were directed to proceed to the "Sceptre," a 
line of battle Ship, on which we were informed Admiral Cockburn had 
recently hoisted his flag. Arriving along side of this Ship, we were de- 
sired by the officer of the barge to ascend the ship ; upon our reaching 
the deck we found a large assemblage of officers; certainly a greater 
number than could be necessarily attached to a single ship. 

In the space of ten minutes the two Admirals — Warren and Cock- 
burn — approached ; to the former we delivered your dispatches, who, 
upon perusal, evinced embarrassment, and after a short space said that 
the principal object of the flag appeared to be to procure supplies for 
your Hospital; he was answered in the affirmative. Could not these 
supplies have been as easily and early procured from Richmond as from 
Norfolk? We thought not. The Admiral then said he would reflect 
upon the subject and return us an answer soon, and retired with Admi- 
ral Cockburn to the cabin of the ship. A period of about fifteen min- 
utes then elapsed, when Admiral Cockburn advanced, and addressing 
Major Griffin, informed him that the Admiral would see him in the 
cabin. Upon Major Griffin's reaching the Cabin, the two Admirals only 
with him, Admiral Warren again repeated the opinion that the Hospital 
supplies could be as expeditiously procured from Richmond as from 
Norfolk, saying it was contrary to their regulations to permit even a fto£ 
to go to Norfolk ; that it was their intention to land Mr. King, who went 
with the flag, at Seawell's point, and jointly with Admiral Cockburn 
expresses an unwillingness to permit the flag to proceed. They were 
answered that if the flag was permitted to proceed, the supplies couM 


be procured sooner than if the flag was compelled to return — certainly 1813. 
in the course of the following day — that if compelled to resort to Rich- 'yj^k 
mond, three days, probably more, would pass before the stores could reach 
Hampton ; that our wounded and sick were suffering for medicine and 
necessaries ; that all the medicine, private as well as public property, had 
been wantonly destroyed by the troops, who lately captured Hampton, 
and that the supplies absolutely required for the use of the Hospital 
could not be procured in Hampton. 

The Admiral said he had heard that the Hospitals had received some 

supplies — he was asked from whence, and assured it was not the case. 

Finding the Admiral still hesitating, Major Grifhn said, "that the reputed 

humanity of Admiral Warren forbid Major Crutchfield to doubt that the 

application for the passage of a flag to Norfolk would be refused." After 

a short time, Major Griffin was informed that the flag might proceed upon 

condition of returning alongside the ship in the same vessel with the 

same persons and with no increase of persons. The restriction to the 

4 same vessel was com bat ted on the ground that in the event of much wind, 

I the boat was too small to navigate the roads, and thus the object of the 

A flag would be defeated ; but finding no relaxation in the condition prob- 

*[ able, it was determined upon consultation with Lieut. Lively, to proceed. 

I Upon the subject of prisoners, Admiral Warren acknowledged one only 

to be in the fleet taken at Hampton. He declined all arrangement, and 

? avoided all discussion on this topic, saying he had opened correspondence 

j with General Taylor, but nothing was decided. Relative to the officers 

i.\ l>aggage captured in Hampton, the Admiral said that such articles as had 

fxtfn found had been restored, and mentioned the papers of Capt. Pryor, 

which had been placed in the care of Capt. Myers, of Norfolk, and 

r. . assured Major Griffin that he would direct Sir Sydney l>eckwith to en- 

quire further, and if any should be discovered it would be made known 

to us on our return. 

-« We were then informed we might proceed, which we immediately did. 

\ a nd reaching Norfolk after 3 p. m., repaired to General Taylor's quarters, 

f w 'ho directed the supplies written for by the surgeons. Returning on the 

\ 2nd, we were, as is customary, again met by a barge of the Enemy and 

•haired to call on board the Admiral Ship; we entered the Ship and 

-j were received by the Captain, who enquired if we had dispatches for the 

\ Admiral; being informed we were the returning flag that had proceeded 

; to Norfolk the day before, the Capt. retired to the Cabin and shortly 

^turned with information that we might proceed when we pleased. This 

v c did and deposited with Dr. Colton the medical and Hospital supplies 

■ «ent from Norfolk. 

Upon our reaching Hampton, a scene of desolation and destruction 

i P^ented itself — the few inhabitants we found in town seemed not yet 

*° have recovered from their alarm. Dismay and consternation sat on 


1813. every countenance ; reports had reached us of the violence and uncon- 
J Yark* trolled fury of the enemy after they obtained possesion of the place; 
their conduct in some cases being represented such as would have dis- 
graced the days of vandalism. Our feelings were much excited, and we 
deemed it our duty to pursue the enquiry as far as practicable, and are 
sorry to say, that from all the information we could procure from sources 
too respectable to permit us to doubt, we are compelled to believe that 
acts of violence have been perpetrated which have disgraced the age in 
which we live. The sex hitherto guarded by soldier's honor escaped not 
the rude assaults of superior force, nor could disease disarm the foe of 
his ferosity. The apology that these attrocities were committed by the 
French soldiers attached to the British forces now in our waters, appeared 
to us no justification of those who employed them, believing as we do 
that an officer is or ought to be ever responsible for the conduct of the 

troops under his command. 

We are, &c. 

Wm. Chamberland (B. G.) to the Governor. 

July 5, Reports of yesterday morning made the River almost clear of the 

bun? 118 Enemy; but by the evening they were moving up — their numbers as 
great as at any time heretofore. Among them were a Brig, several 
schooners and eight or ten Barges. They passed above James Town 
before night. This morning some have been seen going down, and one 
or two up. It is very evident, I think, that they are merely watering - 
Under this impression I contemplate dispatching some small detach- 
ments to different parts of the river for the purpose of attempting to cut 
them oil' when they land and to check if possible their depredations. 

The difficulty of procuring supplies for the soldiers under my command 
begins to assume quite a serious aspect, and will, I fear, in some short 
time (unless removed), be productive of much complaining and great 
inconvenience. This difficulty arises evidently from two causes, viz.- 
The want of the proper officer and the means of purchasing, such a* 5 
have been procured by those gentlemen who have acted for me have 
been laid in at a very advanced price in consequence of their being pur- 
chased without money, and even at those prices the sellers (I am in" 
formed), shew great reluctance to sell on the present terms. Should it 
however not be in the power of the Executive immediately to furnish 
money, the appointment of some active man to the office of commissary 
would have a considerable effect in lessening the difficulty. 

A wish to promote the service a-s much as possible has induced » ie 
(with reluctance), thus to press you, knowing as I well do the anxiety 
and embarrassment you must have to encounter on subjects of this 


The friends of Captain Samuel Travis, a prisoner on board the enemy's 1813. 
squadron in our waters being disposed to supply him with some necessaries, ^"1^,^. 
have solicited of me a Flag for the purpose, and being myself unac- burg 
quainted with the causes which are generally deemed sufficient to justify 
such a step, I have thought it best to suspend my decision until I could 
bear from your Excellency. You will therefore oblige me by noticing 
that subject in your next 

I omitted to mention in a former communication that four large ves- 
sels supposed to be Frigates, and a large Brig, appeared two or three days 
ago to be laying at anchor just below Mulberry Island. Last evening 
only two of them could be seen from King's Mill. Immediately after 
the defeat at Hampton, Col. Howard, under the power vested in him by 
the Militia Laws, called aid from the County of Gloucester, and Col. 
Cam [» ordered out a troop of Cavalry, a part of which only marched. 
This Cavalry are at the present moment of the first importance at this 
place, that species of force belonging to the detachment being very small ; 
it would, therefore, be very desirable to have it attached to my detach- 
ment until those from above should arrive. Without, however, some 
order to that effect, I have been informed that it will be ordered to return 
hy the Col. of the Regiment to which it belongs. 

I am, &c. 

H. St. IS. TurKKK to tun Goveknok. 

A volunteer corps of Cavalry has been raised in this placer within the July f>, 
h^tlour davs to serve for thirtv days from the time of leaving here. Winchester 
ami to mure) 1 on to-morrow morning to the low eoiintry. The gallant 
young mull who have enrolled themselves under me are among the most 
roiHJCtable in this part of the country, and have associated for the pur- 
l M **e of rendering immediate service to our distressed low country. 
Honorable to them and to the citizens of Winchester, ;is each individual 
either etjuipK himself, or is equipped by the people here, and each indi- 
vidual maintains himself and will be of no expense to the State, unless 
• s ta chooses to furnish to those who cannot supply themselves rations, 
a,, d rations only, while we are on service. As some of those who are 
trolled had not the means of braving this expense, the citizens have 
ra K'd a fund for supplying them. 

We shall reach Richmond on Saturday or Sunday next, and anxiously 

" 1> \hi to be able to supply these the Deficiency in arms, which will, no 

doubt, exist notwithstanding all our exertions to collect swords and pis- 

l °h$ in this country, and we relv, Sir, very confidently on vour obliging 

permission to have them furnished us. 

The hearer of this serves as commissary, or purchaser of provisions 


1813. for us. Perhaps you may be able, on a moment's reflection, to refer 
WinenVster * mn *° 80^R, Person who can give information and aid to him. We can- 
not wish to be understood as intimating a desire to give you any trouble 
about it. 

Whilst I write on this subject I will beg leave to say something in re- 
lation to a communication which Captain Samuel Baker, of the Cavalry 
of the 51st Reg't, made to me. He and his troop are, I understand, not 
only willing but anxious to be employed. They are a fine set of men. 
well uniformed, and would receive your commands with alacrity. Capt. 
Raker himself is amongst the finest looking officers I ever knew; and 
his spirit is, no doubt, correspondent with his appearance. His present 
application is an evidence of it, for if he finds there is no probability of 
his being called out, he will immediately proceed to Richmond and 
unite himself as a private with our corps. 

I am, ifcc. 

Wm. 1L Cooper (C.u»t. Cav'y) to Major Sta. Cri'tciifielp. 

July i», From three deserters, which are now on their way to York, with other 

Near 1 lamp- j n f orn j a tion collected in the neighborhood, I am enabled to give you the 
following particulars : 

That Admiral Cockhurn, with a seventy-four troop ship, has sailed for 
New London ; that there are two combines of Marines encamped at the 
Light House to cover their watering parties; that the ships are nearly 
supplied, at which time they are to sail and join Admiral Cock bum, no 
doubt for the purpo>e of making an attack on that place. Two Frigates 
have dropped down from the Roads and one from James River; that 
the remainder, with Tenders and Rargcs, were exj>ectetl down immediately. 

From evcrv information, theie can l>e no doubt but tbev intend to put 
to sea immcdiatelv. and that our Friirates at New London is their next 
object. Admiral Cock burn ha> left his thur on board, the better to cover 
his views. 

Information from a British otlieer to Lieut. Parish, of the Cutter. 
Mato that at the affair at Hampton their loss was 120 killed and Wor 
0"» wounded : that a Trans} »ort had sailed lor Halifax with the wounded, 
and that she had n»t room for more. Ho s]»oke hiirhlv of the riflemen- 
o:»Mf\inu that tluir first lire was a deadly one. which threw them into 
i-on:n>ion. remarking that another such discharge would have routed the 
var. or caused them to have laid down their arms. 

Their W< in ortiovrs i:* one Major Killed, one Capt. «»f marines severely 
wounded, one Lion:, oi Marines wounded — since dead — and two other? 
wounded IvifUiiini: to the Diadem of the first Battalion. 

Not: line ir.ort at this time worth communicatinir. 

I am. Arc 


Rich'd E. Parker to thk Governor. 

Understanding that the Executive, from the exposed situation uf tin? isi3. 
Northern Nock, have determined to call no part of the militia from that Ju 'y fi 
quarter, and that this determination will probably prevent the gratifica- 
tion of my ardent wish to Imj called into service, I beg leave through you 
to offer to their consideration whon thev come again to act on that sub- 
jeet, the following remarks: 

The Northern Neck is, it is true, greatly exposed to the plundering 
parties of the Enemy. The bold waters that almost surround them offer 
innumerable points of annoyance to those who command the Rivers. 
They may and do expect during the summer to be continually alarmed 
and sometimes assailed by Free hooters and Robbers, but they appre- 
hend nothing more than occasional depredations on the most cxponid 
joints. They offer no temptation to any more regular system of war- 
fare on the part of the enemy. They have no military port which it 
would be important for him in any point of view to take or to maintain. 
They are subject to no other evils of the war than the appearance and 
almost instant disappearance of a marauding party, after burning a few 
houses and carrying off a few cattle and negroes. To guard against these 
evils and punish their assailants, they have men enough, and more than 

It ia not an augmentation in quantity of their force but an improve- 
ment in its quality which they desire. For this purpose it was to have 
heen wished that it had been compatible with the public interest to have 
allowed us a small movable column which under proper regulation might 
have protected almost every point, whilst it was acquiring habits of dis- 
cipline and improving in a knowledge of their profession, which through 
them would have pervaded the whole body of the Militia. As this could 
not be granted them as their musters could not be rendered more fre- 
quent, nor the power of the Col. c6mmandants to call out the Militia in 
^uses of invasion or Insurrection only enlarged. I submit it respectfully 
to the Executive (without any reference to my own case) whether they 
can now rentier any greater service to the Northern Neck or its Militia 
than to give an opportunity to some of its officers at least to acquire that 
knowledge and experience, without which valour and enthusiasm are of 
110 avail. The war, it is to be presumed, will continue longer than their 
tour of duty, and although during that period their district will be de- 
rived of their services, yet at the end of it they will return home with 
lowers of assisting and directing their fellows a thousand fold increased. 

Then it will be seen that lasting benefits will be derived from temporary 
^'privations, and the enlightened policy which conferred them will be 
"•esaed and applauded. 

I have said that we did not want men. Indeed I do not see that the 


1813. requisition in that quarter adds any thing to our security since an opinion 
Ju 'y c ver y g enera ]iy prevails, upon I know not what authority, that it is not liable called out, County purposes being always subject to the orders of 
the President. 

The Executive will excuse the anxiety I feel as to the result of their 
reflections on this subject. When I recollect that during the American 
Revolution every relation I had on Earth old enough to draw a sword 
and not too old to wield it, were found under the standard of their 
country, when I know that at this moment, almost every one but myeelf 
are by land or by water maintaining their violated rights and avenjring 
our insulted honour, I should be an alien to their blood and unworthy the 
proud name of "Virginia," if I did not aspire to the same distinction. 
With sentiments of the highest respect, 

I am, &c. 

• Milks Kelden to tub Governor. 

July 7, Upon the receipt of your last letter, I hastened to follow its advice 

Fort Pow- i )y disbanding the G2nd Rcg't 

The men had not all reached home before I received intelligence from 
the videttcs below, of the approach of a very formidable flat of barges 
and other vessels crowded with troops. I instantly issued orders to re- 
call them, and extended my orders to the whole Regiment. They, with 
great alacrity, obeyed the summons notwithstanding the peculiar hard- 
ship of their situation, leaving their entire crops (in many instance*) 
without a single person to attend to them. The position which the 
enemy has taken for some time made it necessary on my part (as I have 
thought) to continue at this place the Reg't. I have been reinforced by 
a company of Artillery from Petersburg and two companies of Infantry 
from Dinwiddie, making the force at this place at this time equal to 
about 450, exclusive of officers and exclusive of the troop of Cavalry 
that is principally on videttc duty. Late last night I received informa- 
tion from Capt. Benedict, dated Shoal bay, informing me that the smaller 
vessels joined the Frigates and Brigs laying off the point of Shoals yes- 
terday, and put on board of them water and a considerable quantity of 
live stock, <frc, immediately after which the larger vessels proceeded 
down the river, leaving behind all the brigs, schooners, and barges. 1 
shall know to-day what course they will take. I presume they will re- 
turn up the river. Whether they will continue their predatory warfare 
on the river below this, or attempt to come up higher, it is imi>ossil)le to 

If we were furnished with proper carriages for our cannon, with our 
present force we should be able to give them some trouble. I have en- 



red to make you acquainted with the real situation of the enemy 1813. 
n the river, as well as the peculiar situation of the people of this p^t Po^ 
y, and shall wait for your further orders. 


I am, &c. 

John Dkv. Delacy to the Governor. 

e imi>ortance of the ohject contemplated induces me, without Julv 8, 

.. . A A . ,, , , Charleston 

gy, to solicit your patronage for the enclosed. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Chamberlain to the Governor. 

>urs of the was duly received, neither the contractor nor his 

lies have reached us, and hut for the active exertions of some indi- 

ils prompted hy patriotism alone, the detachment here must have 

red most severely. To these exertions, aided by the pledging of 

ite credit for the payment of supplies, are we indebted for such as 

ave received. I feel it therefore my duty, Sir, to entreat that the 

»t means may be used to discharge the debts thus contracted. My 

vill before this have reached you from which you will have received 

information of my having visited York on the sixth instant. The 

sentations received whilst there of the distressing and ruinous sit- 

n of the Counties composing the 115th Regiment, together with the 

nunication from Capt. Cooper, inclosed in my last to you, induced 

) disband that portion of said Regiment called out by Col. Howard, 

instructions to Major Crutch field to enjoin upon the officers vigilance 

trolling, and to repair to his detachment should there be an appear- 

of danger. Indeed I could wish that the other Regiments now in 

sition might be disbanded at the earliest possible moment — great 

been their sacrifices, and without a speedy return to their homes at 

iritical season of their crops, the loss of the greater part must be 


e disappearance of the enemy from this immediate neighborhood, 

ef that the danger has for the present subsided, and the knowledge 

i force is on its marcli to this point, induce me the more readily to 

imend that course. I shall this morning proceed towards Hamilton 

e purpose of ascertaining at what point my detachment should be 

ned, so as best to promote the service for which it was intended. 

Id I however decide to move down, it will be imprudent to do so 

>ut being first amply supplied with provisions as you may readily 


July 8. 


1813. suppose that it will be (if not impossible) extremely difficult to procure 

Win in 8- *hem De l° w - R mv return you shall again hear from me. 

I am, &c. 

Jno. II. Cocke to the Governor. 

July t>, Late last night I received the intelligence contained in the following 

C * Spring ,,y extrftct of a ^tter from Isbon Benedict. As it contains the last intelli- 
gence from the enemy, I have deemed it necessary to communicate it: 

"The enemy made an attempt to land yesterday, but got the Tender 
aground about two hundred yards below Lawn's creek. 29 of our troojis 
crossed the creek and beat the enemy off from the Tender, and the 
Barges came from the Brigs to their assistance. The enemy then com- 
menced a heavy fire from the Barges and Boats on our men, but without 
effect. The Enemy lost two killed and several wounded. 

"At 11 A. M. the enemy set fire to the Tender and proceeded on board 

of the Brigs. At 12 they got under way and proceeded down the River 

near the white* Shoal, and there anchored. The above Brigs are the 

last of the Fleet that has been up the River, as I am informed by two 


[Signed] Isbon Benedict." 

I am, Ax. 

* This shoal is Mow the mouth of Pagan creek. 

O. Johnson ^Actin»; Capt. Staunton Volunteers) to the Gov- 

July A I have the honor to inform you that fifty-four men, principally from 

KiohuHmd |no town of - ^i-mnton and its vicinity, upon hearing of the danger from 
the Kncmy which was supposed to threaten the State and its Capital. 
xoluntartly associated themselves Meether. and under the direction of 
ort:cvrs chosen by themselves* haw repaired hither with all practical 
di^jvitcli to enquire whether the crisis afforded any opportunity for them 
t^ be useful. 

More than foriv of them are mounted* but from the shortness of the 
;:i»*i\ though they usvxt oven* exert km; they could not arm themselves 

Ux ;!u :r request a:td in their name. I now tender their services to you 
.*.»,*. ..utl^risv x\m tv> ivra^jw them at anv place and in anv manner 
:r* \\ : vh :••'. \ cv* be i-s*-. 'VI :n derViMiri: the Commonwealth from any 

1 a:u. Jtc. 


Calvin Jones to the Governor. 

f an address in the enclosed paper, your Excellency will perceive 1813. 

I am about to raise a corps to aid in the defence of the coasts of Raleigh, 
;inia. I take the liberty of addressing you this to enquire whether N - C. 
aid of this corps is desirable to Virginia, and whether the species of 
e proposed to be raised is such as in your opinion is best calculated 
the contemplated service. Cavalry would have been preferred here 
Id suitable arms have been obtained, but broad swords are not to be 

in the State. 
Ifill you also inform me whether this corps could obtain Sabres on 

I from the State of Virginia on ample security being given that they 

II be returned when the term of service expires. I am not now sure 

f will be wanted. That will depend much on the opinion which may 

entertained by the members of the corps and by military men ac- 

inted with the force already assembled and the nature of the service. 

;re may exist objections to a corps raised for so short a term of ser- 

t. With men who are to become soldiers mechanically, this objection 

lid have great force, but in a corps where it is hoi>ed every individual 

I do his duty from a sense of honor, its force will be greatly lessened. 

vas not thought politic to propose a longer term, as it might tend to 

en the number of the volunteers; yet it is believed that when they 

e served the three months, the greater proportion will be willing to 

long the term. Your Excellency will have the goodness to favor me 

h an answer to this as soon as practicable ; and I beg you to be as- 

ed of the great respect with which 

I am, <fec. 

i. Crutch field, by Ron. Anderson, Adj't, to the Governor. 

four favour by express was handed me on my way from Hampton July 10 
li General Chainberlayne, who has visited that place and its neighbor- 
•d. I regret much to have been the cause of so much trouble. The 
•osition given by your favour certainly could not fail to be satisfac- 
' when entitled to every respect, even to the most incredulous believer, 
fyardlaw and two or three other gentlemen are here, with a view to 
t Hampton, and to procure with the Doctor that testimony which 
ns to be required by the Executive of the facts contained in my re- 
t. I have determined to return with him. I have, therefore, to beg 
indulgence for my answer to your favour until my return, assuring 
that nothing will be wanted on my part to promote harmony and 
nhuity between the Executive and those under its command as well, 
- of every nerve being exerted in favor of the public weal. 

I am, &c. 


W. Allen (Lt.-Col. 71st Rba't) to thb Governor. 

1813. On Tuesday, the 6th, the British vessels that were watering above 

5 irrv ^ wan ' 8 J >0 i"t went down to Lawn's creek ; three of their Barges went up 
tho Creek, burnt two vessels that were about 4 miles up, a small schooner 
Unit they had got on ground below the mouth of the Creek on the Isle 
of Wight side. Major Langley C. W lis went down and crossed the 
creek, attacked him and three Barges the next morning with thirty-two 
of his men that volunteered. After giving them fifty or sixty rounds, 
the Barges set tire to the schooner and returned to the brigs that were at 
anchor otF the mouth of the creek. We met with no loss. There were 
three of the men on board of the Barges and schooner seen to fall; one 
of them was found shot in the mouth. 

The distance the enemy were from our troojm was the cause of no 
more execution being done. The schooner and barges were at least 350 
or 400 yards from the shore. I have got two deserters that came from. 
the schooner the night before, one a white lad about the age of 18, by 
the name of John Robinson, the other a black man named George 
Mitchell, who informed me he is a free man from New York; was pressed 
by the British from one of our ships in the year 1806. One of the 
deserters mentioned that the Barge* tint were watering against Four Mile 
Tree hail cot one of iheir men wounded bv the guard there that fired on 
l hem. 

I havi three dex-rters -will thank you to inform me what I shall do 
with them. At this time they are not able to march, their jeet are very 
much >\\oIk\1 by the sera;, I .es from the Brian*. Mr. William Edwards, 
at St:rr\ Court Hon?*. ui>: t> to taki :l.e U»y by the name of John IXkM 
that I ::.o:*.t:oiu\l i:; n.y :r«ur V you **:" the Ut that came to me at Four 

T: * Br:::>V \\nh)> \ &\v.\c \:: Jauies K:vt-r. I have to-dav di^eliareed 
u:\ Kesf: H,;\«. rxxxiveo uwiay ::.■«• IVj-uty Adjutant Generals letter 
o: ;•* >tl\ r. \.r:v.::^ :hirt* wiix I* :*v thousand cartridges and twelve 
'. nn^rwi : :; .r:> o.irevuv. :o 1* ?*£ ; \r \h%- u>«r of tiie 71:4 Ueg't. Am 
>o::\ ;x % . va::.\^ .-;>. :*\ ^::l> o.«:* ::..: wi:h thv cartridges. I ain con- 
\\. .w; :\w , : ;". :\\ s.\ :v v.:. .in cir.:,:^ ;^t\l a> riving artillery on the 
\*: k> v :; . r.vtT -v. ::> o.;::.;\. iu. ? tvu:-; iLe Tenders and Baiye? 

* ^ # * N ^ « 4^. ^*» 4 m ** ****** 

1 Alii. AC- 

\ % .% vr. h .:*.*: V > N. r the G<*verx«»r. 

* ........ 

; v s-.vv 

J^ , ,V *.n S .... -;>...;.:;; :.>:::^«-;>*x\i honor cvMermi 

. ".'.is. '.-•„ - '. i::~. IxcJ^r-re of VirJuia- 


on me by the representatives of ray native State, and beg you will be 1813. 
pleased to express to them my gratitude. U 8 Slooo 

To you, Sir, who have so handsomely and elegantly conveyed to me of War off 
the Resolution of the House, I feel particularly grateful ; and do assure ne ' a * 
you that my services however trivial, will ever be at the command of my 

With sentiments of sincere Res|>ect, 

I am, <fcc. 


Wm. Ciiamderlayne B. G., to the Governor. 

A communication from the deputy Adjt. General directing me to per- July 11, 
unit to return home the Militia under my command who were called out Wim*" 11 * 
en masse, leaving the Cavalry and such part as may have been of the 
regular requisition under the command of Major Robinson, met me to- 
day at York, on my way from Hampton. 

From information received there, several of the enemy's large vessels 
have gone to sea, and from the movements of the others it was believed 
that they were also about to sail. 

Nothing occurring whilst I was in Hampton calculated to induce a 
Mief that the enemy either contemplated an attack, or to resume their 
former position and continue their depredations. I have issued orders 
disbanding the Militia, agreeable to the above instructions. 

Before closing my communications to your Excellency, I must beg 
leave to mention the prompt obedience to their country's call which has 
tan displayed by the officers and, soldiers generally under my com- 
mand. I have witnessed with heartfelt satisfaction the triumph of their 
l«Uriotie zeal and love of country over private feelings and the greatest 
individual sacrifices. I have seen them exchange the easy and peaceful 
pursuits of private life for the rough duties and hardships of the soldier 
with a degree of alacrity and cheerfulness surpassed by no former ex- 
ample; and I have marked with the most grateful feelings the deter- 
mined firmness and resolution with which they encountered the fatigue 
and oppressive heat of the march on the 29th of June to meet, as was 
then supposed, an invading foe and defend their country's rights. Here, 
t() o, I must be permitted to observe that I cannot speak- in terms too 
hitfh of the assistance which 1 have derived from the voluntary, active, 
Ul *d patriotic exertions of Mr. John Minge, Quarter Master of the 52d 
^nr't, who bos without any appointment, performed in the most able and 
^'tisfuctorv manner all the duties of a Quarter Master to the Detach- 
nj <Jiit. In my communication of the 3rd ult., I stated that the execu- 
hon of your orders directing me to dispatch an officer to Hampton for 
" l * purpose of taking affidavits to the authenticity of the facts contained 


1813. in Major Crutchtiold's Report of the conduct of the Enemy whilst in trm* 

Williams- l )OSSe88 i° n °f Hampton, had been entrusted to him at his instance. T\m^ 

burg Major being wit!) me, as you have been before informed, at the time I 

received that communication, and being myself ignorant of the particular 

facts alluded to, having then not seen his official report, I placed it ii~» 

his hands for perusal. 

At that time I did not discover that he had ascribed to it any object, 
different from that which I believed your Excellency to have intended ; 
but the day after his return to York I received a letter from him discover- 
ing that his feelings and those of his officers were extremely wounded 
by the construction which they had given to it; to such a degree, indeed, - 
that the Major had enclosed his commission to me. Believing, however, 
that those feelings had been excited by a misconception of that commu- 
nication, I determined not to communicate with your Excellency u|*>n 
that subject until I bad an opportunity of trying to divest those Gentle- 
men of the influence of what I deemed a wrong construction, and to 
change the determination of the Major. By my late visit to York that 
opportunity has been furnished me, and I am now pleased in being able 
to say my exertions, aided by letters from you, Dr. Wardlaw, and Mr. 
Quarlcs, have not been unavailing. 

In conclusion, permit me to tender you, Sir, my warmest thanks for 
the polite manner in which my public exertions have been acknowledged, 
and to assure you that whenever the situation of my Country may re- 
quire my aid, it shall be af lorded with cheerfulness and alacrity. 

I am, <fcc. 

Tuos. Millkk, Cavt. (my Ro. Anderson, Ad.j't) to the Govern 


July 11, J» the absence of Major Crutehfield, who is now in the neighborhood 

York,(>P. M. (> f Hampton, it becomes my duty to apprize you that there are now in 
full view from this place, under full sail, with a fine South East breeze, 
and apparently bound up the Chesapeake Hay, six large ships of the 
Enemy's Squadron — supposed to be four 74s and two Frigates. Whether 
their intentions are to proceed upwards, or to anchor opposite to York 
River, can only be conjectured, but I deem it of importance to commu- 
nicate to you by express their present movements. Any ulterior move 
nients of theirs will be duly communicated. 

I am, A'c. 

Half past six p. m. 

1 open my letter to inform you that ('apt. Cooper has this moment 
arrived from Hampton with intelligence that the whole of the Enemy's 
vessels have quitted Hampton Roads and its waters, and are there su]»- 


«*?ed to be gone out to sea — it is therefore probable that their entire 1813. 
)rces are on the way up the bay. Y ^k^GPM 

By order of Capt. Miller. 

Ro. Anderson, Adj't. 

Sta. Crutchfteld (Major) to the Governor. 

This will be handed to you by Dr. Wardlaw on his return from Hamp- July 12, 
»n, which was intended to be communicated to you through Gen'l 
hamherlayne agreeably to his direction, but I was prevented from the 
Jrried manner in which I returned to Hampton on the business sug- 
sted to you in my letter of the 10th inst., after a visit to that place and 
e circumjacent neighborhood with the General. 

The General requested me to state my opinion of the quantity of mili- 
ry force that might be requisite in this lower section of the Country for 
1 protection. If it should be the object of the Government to fortify 
d defend Hampton, the force required in that event would beconsider- 
le, but if a defence only against the enemy's marauding parties, from 
iom great injuries are sustained, and who apj>ear in various parts of 
e country shifting rapidly, their points of attack, should be intended 
>m experience and a knowledge of the country — the enemy's force 
iployed in their schemes of plunder and facilities of approach afforded 
em by the numerous streams and water courses with which the Country 
largely abounds, would naturally lead to the description of force which 
>ves with the greatest celerity, aided and supported by a portion of 
fantry in case of an attack on any given rallying point. I am there- 
e persuaded that with an effective force of the following description 
^ views of the government could be realized : 

Artillery — one Company with one long eighteen i>ounder and four six 
unders well fixed, 100 strong. Cavalry with Carbines, 150. Riflemen 
Hinted, 100. Do on foot, 100. Infantry of the Line, 550. Making 
aggregate of one thousand, to which should be added one fourth to 
sure that number at all times ready to meet the enemy — this propor- 
n from the unhealthiness of the climate, water, and other contingencies 
iv always be calculated upon as non-effective. By this morning's 
'ort, the strength of our detachment for Hampton are effective 205, 
effective 172. .Total 407. 

If possible it would be desirable to be furnished with tents and camp 
lipnge to enable the troops to return to Hampton, whence we should 
g since have returned but for the want of those articles, and indeed 
inconvenience of procuring provision also, made it necessary to remain 
Vork — and particularly so in the absence of the Paymaster, who seems 
lave felt not at all for those suffering soldiers who lost every article of 
hing, &c, left without one cent and none to be borrowed. 


J t 

1813. The names of the killed, wounded, and missing in the attack ujkmi 

ork ' Hampton are : 

James Madison, John Adams, James Branham, Armager Parsons, 


Carter Longest, Tyler Crocket, John Power, killed; Fountain Dickenson. 
Thomas Garten. John D. Barr (slightly), Nathan Campbell, Joseph Bi> 
gens, Robert Haibert, John Parrot, Landa Lindsay (since dead), Aaron 
Tenis (since dead), Carter Hunt (slightly), Thomas Parsons (slightly), 
John Charles, slightly; Thomas Watkins (slightly), Richard Waugh, 
James Holloway, Wounded; Henry Robinson, Prisoner. 

The deputation of Major Griffin, with his report, are forwarded to you, 
Sir, with a view to shew with what indifference his Britanic Majesty's 
Admiral, Sir John B. Warren, felt towards our unfortunate wounded sol- 
diers in refusing permission to procure a supply of medicine, <fcc., from 
Norfolk, his Loyal subjects having destroyed everything of that kind in 
Hampton. It is believed that thirteen sails of the British squadron have 
gone up the Bay, amongst them are four 74s. They have all left the 
Roads. I shall remain here a day or two, when the troojra will inarch 
to the neighborhood of Hampton. It is hoped a representation, which 
will probably be given you by Col. Parker and Dr. Wardlaw, with other 
gentlemen, together with Major Griffin's and Lieut. Lively's rei>ort,will 
be received by the incredulous, and the worst of our enemies as incon- 
trovertable as to the enormities committed by the Enemy u|>onthe un- 
fortunate sufferers at Hampton. 

Should anything further be deemed necessary, let me assure you it 
will afford me much pleasure to execute any order upon that or any 
other subject. 

I am, etc. 

John Mvrrs (Capt. and Aid-de-Camp) to the Governor. 

July 12, I am directed by the General to communicate to you that the out-]** 1 
Norfolk a j $ ewo |i' s reported last evening that all the Enemy's Squadron in th«* 
Roads got under way, consisting of 3 Ships of the line, 1 Razor, ;> 
frigates, (> large Schooners, 4 small and many Barges. 

And from the out-post at the Pleasure-house, I am informed tin* 
morning that 9 ships, a Brig, and several Tenders were out of Sight ft* 
sunset last evening standing up the Ray. There remains now in Lyn- 
haven Hay only 1 ship of the Line, 2 frigates, and 3 Tenders. 

The day before yesterday two deserters came in. They are marines 
that were placed as centincls to a watering party that landed near Cai* 
Henry. They came in separately ; being intelligent, were closely ex.ii! 1 * 
ined by the General. From corroborative statements, the General * s 
under a strong impression that some of their transports have departed for 


nforcements, and he thinks that no measures should be relaxed by 1813. 
nch the future designs of the enemy may be counteracted. Norfolk 

I am, <fcc. 

Krni»all Addison (Lt.-Col. 27tii Rko't), Wm. Dunton (Major 1st 
Battai/x), M. S. Pitts (Major 2nd IJatt'n, 27th Reu't) to 


We beg leave to recommend to you as a fit person to be commissioned July 13, 
as a Major of Artillery, Capt. J no. G. Joynes, who is the senior Captain ° rt ton mp 
of Artillery on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, and in our opinion Capt. 
Joynes is a man well qualified to do the duties of a Major. We now 
have in the county of Northampton two companies of Artillery, and in 
the County of Accomack three com|>anies, and in our opinion need a 

We are, &c. 

Tiio. M. Bayly to the Governor. 

It is now admitted by all that the best defence for the shores of Acco- Jnly 14, 
"»ack and Northampton is artillery, and it is wished to establish five Accomac k 
Companies and form a Battalion under the command of a Major on this 
shore. Capt. John G. Joynes has distinguished himself since the war as 
a hrave and attentive officer. His company I have often reviewed, and 
I believe it is espial in discipline and valor to any in Virginia. 

1 know of no man I believe will make a more faithful, brave, and at- 
tentive officer than Capt. Joynes, and should the Executive commission 
him a Major his appointment will give great satisfaction to the officers of 
the militia in Accomack and Northampton. 

I am, etc. 

George French (Major) to the Governor. 

from information received this morning by Express from the Col. j n ly 15, 
^nimandant of King George county, the British fleet consisting of sev- Fredericks- 
eral frigates and a number of smaller vessels are in the Potomac, and lay 
last night op|>ositc to Hooc's Ferry. Capt. Green with his volunteers 
have pone over to the Potomac this morning. The Militia of the Town 
we now under arms, and expresses are sent to inform the officers in the 

^Ijacent Counties. Three Hi lie Companies from the />lst Regiment 



1813. arrived here a few hours ago on their march to Richmond under orders 

F <r» pis- ^ rom vour Excellency. They are commauded by Captains Bunrell, 

burg Somen*, and Gilkerson. We wish these companies to remain here 'till 

it is ascertained what course the Enemy means to take. Whether he 

means to proceed up the River, or land his forces with a view to plunder, 

or to make an attack on this town, a few days will devclope. 

The officers commanding these companies under orders from your 
Excellency, have consented, at the solicitation of the Mayor and Com- 
mon Council of the Town, to wait until we can hear from you. Forthi.* 
purpose the gentlemen who will hand you this waits on you. We hojK? 
you will permit these companies to remain here and in the neigh Iwrhood 
of the Potomac. 

We have a sufficient quantity of Powder hut not lead enough. These 
companies have Rifles hut no hall or Powder horns. If you j>eniut them 
to remain according to our wishes, some hall and Powder horns will be 
wanting. Re so good as to forward your answer by the bearer as speedily 
as possible. 

I am, &c. 

MF.SK CaTI.HTT (LlEUT. CoM'T), SlIAMIiAlTOlI (Capt.), to the 


July 1"> Should vour Excellency determine that we are to remain here you 

hrcjloiicks- will have the goodness to order on Tents, Powder, Rail, ike. Indeed, w«* 
have nothing with us but good men and good Rifles. 

P. S. An express has this moment arrived stating that the Enemy was 
in a few miles of Potomac Creek, 4 o'clock. 

William Nelson (Major) to the Governor. 

July 15, Col. Rich'd Parker, of this County, being absent, I conceive it 1**~ 
?an<i' re comes m . v duty to make to you the following communication : Maj" r 
John Turbcrville, of the Second Battalion, residing in the lower part *•" 
this Count v, informed me verv earlv this morning that about sixteen 
British Ships of War were i<een yesterday from a place near Yi* v 
comico River, which is a branch of the Potomac, pass up the Potonifl c 
with crowded sail, and supposed to be in pursuit of the Scorpion Sloop 
of- War, then flying before her. Major Turbcrville also mentions that on 
the evening of yesterday the Enemy's Barges entered Yeocomico in pur- 
suit of an armed schooner belonging to the Gun-boat Squadron, which 
was at anchor in that River; that an action took place between tf ,e 



Barges and the schooner, and the schooner was captured. Major Tur- 1813. 
berville mentions that Capt. Siggany, the. commander of the Schooner, w^f,,,}^ 
was basely murdered after the enemy boarded, when there were but land 
three men on the Deck, one of whom asked for quarters, whicli was 
rejected, and Mr.. McClintic, the Midshipman, and the other man, 
jumped overboard and succeeded with several others in making their 
escape through a shower of Balls from their Musquetry. The body of 
Siggany was found on board, and was to be buried yesterday with the 
Honors of War. The schooner was left on fire, but through the vigilance 
of some of our men, who repaired to her, it was extinguished, and exer- 
tions are making to save the Guns, &c. 

We are in immediate want of Arras sufficient for two Companies, and 
a small supply of flints. You must be well aware of the complete 
exposure of our situation, and will readily perceive that some immediate 
assistance will be necessary to complete a projHjr defence. All the prep- 
arations and vigilence which we are capable of are in operation. There 
ure at this moment four Frigates with their Tenders under crowded sail 
off White-point, which is about 3 miles above Mattox creek. They are 
supposed to be about 15 miles below Hooe's Ferry. 

I am, <fcc. 

James Barbour (Governor) to Calven Jones. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor under date July 15, 
<>f tlit- 9th current, with your address to the citizens of North Carolina, Kkhmond 
u .v which I am informed of your intention to raise a corps of volunteers 
whuse object is to tender their services for three months to Virginia to 
ai d in her defence against the ruthless and barbarous foe who has so long 
w ageil against us a species of warfare as cowardly as it is base and 

This tender, Sir, is accepted. Riflemen (not mounted) will be the 
most acceptable force. If, however, rifles cannot be procured with you 
l°r the volunteers, they shall, upon their arrival at Norfolk, have good 
N'lfokets at least. Should you succeed in organizing the force contem- 
plated, you will have the goodness to repair to Norfolk and report your- 
st 'lf to General Taylor. It is important that we should' be immediately 
•Wised of the number you calculate upon. 

I should do great injustice to our feelings were I to withhold an ex- 
pression of our great ful acknowledgements for your affectionate and 
"lagiianiinoiis conduct. Nor do the emotions it inspires flow altogether 
iroiij selfish considerations. We see in the part you are acting, that spirit 
^"nich hound us together as a band of brothers during the Revolution, 
and carried us in triumph through that glorious conflict, and which, can 


1813. it be kept alive, will give under Providence immortality to our confed- 

Richmond era ^ Republic the last hope of man. 

I have said that the Enemy has carried on a war base and barbarous. 
He has desolated private property ; he has put to death the sick and the 
unresisting, and he has indulged in the most brutal violence on our 
females. Such conduct cannot but irritate the avenging hand of Heaven. 
"The Almighty has no attribute which can take sides with such an 

We turn with disgust and horror from this foul blot in the character 
of man and dwell with peculiar complacency upon 3 our generous friend- 
ship so enobling to our nature, enhanced by the honorable mention you 
make of the aid furnished you by our fathers in the hour of your dis- 
tress, and the acknowledgment that the mingled blood of the heroes of 
Virginia and North Carolina is the cement of our connexion. 

1 tender to you and your brave and patriotic companions my wannest 
wishes for your welfare. 

I am, &c. 

IIob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

July 16, I have found it impossible to complete the estimate for the mail ot 
Norfolk lo _,| av () n reflection I have feared that I might essentially thwart the 
measures of the Government if I undertook to replace the troops, or fix 
the amount of force for this place without any intimation of the views 
of the Secretary of war. Hut deeply impressed with the importance 01 
the subject, and the necessity of adopting immediate measures. I have 
determined to set out on to-morrow or next day for Washington, to ask 
a conference with the Secretary. I shall pass through Richmond, an 1 ' 
will have the honor to communicate with vou on that and some otb^ T 
subjects deemed important to the service. 

I am, ike. 

Aust. Smith to the Governor. 

.Inly 17, At this time there appears to be nearly opposite the mouth of Matt*> x 

mg ieorge ^ r eek, and a little below in view, seven large British ships of war beau*** 

two Brigs, several Tenders and Barges; report says there are many iul* ** 

in the river — those in view seem to he coming up. 

1 have under my command here the Militia of this County. Capt^i" 

John G. Stuart's company of Cavalry, about 50 rank and fdc, tugetln* 

with ('apt. Wm. F. Gray's Company, detached from the 30th Kegimeflt 


>na, amounting in the whole to ahout three hundred and fifty 1813. 

Lve men — only about three rounds to a man. I have therefore con- King George 

3d it advisable to give you this information, and hope that you will 

into consideration the necessity of furnishing a further supply of 

unition in as speedy a manner as )K>ssible. 

r further particulars I refer you to Mr. Ashton the bearer hereof, an 

ligent and respectable man. 

I am, &c. 

John W. Epes to the Governor. 

t. Macon, the chairman of a committee of the House of Represcnta- July 17, 
*, appointed for the purpose of enquiring into the manner in which Wa8 » in 4?ton» 
war has been conducted on the part of Great Britain, has desired 
to ask of you such information as you may possess as to the conduct 
he Enemy at Hampton. 

Ve received this morning an express from Col. Monroe, who went 
m the river on the first alarm for the purpose of ascertaining the 
ition and strength of the Enemy. It appears from the information 
warded by Col. Monroe that 2 Frigates and four smaller vessels are 
r Cedar Point, about 70 miles below Alexandria. That the rest of 
Squadron, amounting to twelve additional vessels, are 20 miles lower 

t w not supposed here that they have any intention either of landing 
ow or of attempting to come much higher up the river. 

I am, &c. 

Chas. F. Mercer to the Governor. 

lie call which has just been made and answered on Loudoun for a July 18, 

•p of Cavalry has obliged us to send t;ie men as mounted Infantry, T ^ ,eol ?f e p 

ough they are uniformed as horsemen, and if provided with arms, 

would make one of the best troops in this or any country. They 

be in Alexandria to-night. Will it be practicable to have forwarded 

iy care at that place arms and accoutrements for 60 cavalry ? 

^e are in like need of rifles, and are, as regards that species of force, 

or like circumstances. Can you send us also 50 rilles? 

l great haste, for I am riding express to General Armstrong, whose 

^r for reinforcements I have just executed with dispatch, which has 

Wed me in three entire days twelve hours repose to recruit the fatigue 

30 miles hard travel, two addresses to the militia and six hours 


I am, &c. 


M. S. Pitts to the Governor. 

1813. Setting forth the superiority of Infantry and Cavalry to Artillery as 

NorthainD- tn * means of defence for the Eastern Shore, and of Rifles as the best 
ton arms for that locality. 

John Capin to the Governor. 

July 19, Relating an experiment with James Loyd's inflammable Liquid for 
J setting fire to Enemy's ships, which he thinks will prove a success. 


R. E. Parker to the Governor. 

July 19, I have the honor to state to you, for the information of his Excellency, 
land * ne Commander-in-chief, that I arrived in the Camp of the upper Bat- 
talion, at upper Kinsale, near Rozier's Creek, on the night of the 17th 
Inst., and found about 115 men under arms; many had been discharged 
for want of arms in both Battalions. On the 18th we were informed 
that a barge was entering Rozier's Creek, and upon moving to the Shore 
found several just in sight, and two Brigs so close as to throw their ?hot 
a mile or two on land, but the appearance of the Militia prevented thei* 1 
from landing if they had any such intention. 

On to-day our videts gave information that several Barges were m^k" 
ing for Monroe's or Mattox creek, and one or more for Rozier's. As th*-' 
King George militia were near the latter place, and my force was too 
small to divide, I determined to move upon Mattox, near Mr. Miller ** 
house. On arriving there, I found a small schooner close under liii* 

» _ 

flying from the Enemy's barges, and having reason to believe th«? ir 
object was to plunder a large house on the other side of the Creek htjro. 
perhaps 300 or 400 years wide, I instantly determined to cross tl* e 
detachment in the schooner which I stopped. Only one company cot** c 
be crossed over at a time, and the first was the light Infantry, uik^ cI 
Capt. Henry Ilungerford, who was directed, without waiting for t:»* € 
others, to proceed to the destined point. Before the others could emlx***"*^' 
three Barges full of men was distant not more than a quarter of a mi** 3 ' 
and making directly for the house we occupied. 

As soon as they commenced firing their cannon at us, Capt. Hung^^*" 
ford very gallantly made his attack, and after a short engagement s ■-* 
ceeded in beating the Enemy otF and preventing their landing. He E*-^ 25 
not a man, whilst an oflicer and several men were seen to fall on i-* 3t * 
other side. 

Our militia, of whom there were less than 40 engaged, not cont«^*^ 


om the bank of the creek, ran many of then) into the marsh 1813. 
3 get a shot regardless of the cannon or musketry of the westmore- 
e cannon shot directed at us passed harmless over our heads. land 
ere is extremely small, and hitherto I have not been able 
ore, although I have sent two expresses to Col. McDowell 
d1. Smith. I expect some force from Richmond County, 
lave two Frigates, 2 Brigs, and 2 Tenders off the upper part 
y, and from 9 to 13 sail off the lower, 
movements you will see by the enclosed. We want guns 
ition, and Cartridge Boxes that will keep it dry. If 1 had 
nted Riflemen I would have taken the barges or they would 
ost of their men; but I have none, and no cavalry. The 
nen suffer extremely for want of Tents, 
night and day been exposed to the weather u|>on the open 
his state of things must continue as long as the Enemy re- 
hich at present promises to be a considerable time. 

I am. <fcc. 

lall fix my quarters at Westmoreland C't House for the con- 
>rotccting every part of the County, but shall be present 
?re is a danger of the Enemy's landing. 

Kinsalk, 6 o'clock P. Af.. July 1.9, 181$, 

-I have this moment heard of your arrival in the County, 

> inform you that in addition to the numerous fleet of the 
dy in the Potomac, this evening seven sail have gone up 

> of which appear to be ships of the Line, 3 Frigates, one 

*pt. Brown's Company in Mechodic neck, stationed at 
5hts, at Ragged Point Neck. A detachment from the Rifle 
chens, under Lt. Murphy, and another from the Artillery at 

under Capt. Middleton ; the remainder of these Companies 
ace, commanded by Capt. Cox and Lieut. Wright. 
f I intend to reconnoitre in person the several stations on 
ould nothing turn out to prevent it. 

will give you an account of everything going on with us. 

I am very Respectfully, 


John Turerville, 

2nd Batt'n, 111 Reg't. 


1813. City of Richmond — to-wit : 

Tli is day appeared before me, the Recorder of the said City, 
William Neal, resident of said City, who, being duly sworn on the Holy 
Evangelists of Almighty God, doth depose and say, That about four or 
five weeks past, having had some law business as the agent of a third 
party, with Henry Hiort, counsellor of Law in this city, the said Hiort 
called upon the Deponent at his house. The said Hiort asked the Depo- 
nent, in the course of conversation, whether he had any Letters to send 
to England, adding that if he had he (the said Hiort) was a school-fellow 
of Admiral Cock burn, to whom he could send any Letters, as he (the 
said Hiort) knew that Letters and newspapers were daily sent to the said 
Cock burn. The Deponent waved the subject. 

That the Deponent subsequently mentioned the above conversation to 
Major Hugh Davis, of said city, who (the Deponent understands) com- 
municated it to another gentleman of this city. That a few days after- 
wards the last-named person called the Deponent out of the ranks- 
where he was serving on militia duty, and in the course of conversation - 
advised him to draw the said Hiort on and extract from him all thatth^ 
said Deponent could obtain. 

That on a subsequent day the said Hiort called upon the Deponent \*~* 
regard to the Law business in which he was concerned. On which occa- 
sion the said Hiort informed the Deponent that he knew of a corral - 
pondence of Negroes being carried on at Rocketts, and that there wcn*2 
many implements making by the Negro Blacksmiths of said city, an*:* 
that in the course of the said conversation the said Hiort again men- 
tioned his having been at school with Admiral Cockburn, at which tin* ^ 
the said Hiort said that Cockburn had put gunpowder upon one of tl» ^ 
said Hiort's hands, and blew it up so as to take out a piece of flesh, thi*? 
marks of which are yet to l>e seen on Hiort's hands. 

That on the evening of Thursday last (the 15th Inst), the Deponent 
called at said Hiort's Lodgings on the said Law business, but was in- 
formed that the said Hiort was out That he called on the next mom - 
ing (the 16th), when a gentleman in the house told him that the sai<J 
Hiort had not returned since the preceding afternoon, and that, moreover, 
he had been out for the ten preceding nights in succession. That tli « 
Deponent then enquired of her whether she could give him any inform**" 
tion about the place the said Hiort then was, and that she replied it was 
likely the Deponent might find him at a certain Mrs. Banks's, on the 
hill back of Rocketts; that actuated by suspicion drawn from a chain of 
circumstances, the Deponent was induced to go to Mrs. Banks's in search 
of said Hiort ; that on his arrival at the premises he found the said 
Hiort was there, and along with him two or three other men whom the 
said Deponent has since discovered from said Hiort, to be Englishmen ; 
that by him the Deponet was also told there had been nightly meetings 


a number of nights regularly by the said parties; and that these 1813. 
etings would continue for a fortnight to come, after which one of the 
d company was going to England ; that the said Hiort had a great 
\\ of writing to do in the said House, for which he received four 
iuings and sixpence per hour, and that the said Hiort added that the 
ipers so written were deposited in the House of the said Mrs. Banks. 
The Deponent adds to the above that in the second above-named con- 
ersation with said Hiort, he (Hiort) told him that on the day of the 
arm in this city, on account of the British being off Sandy Point when 
i (Hiort) returned to his own house, the above-mentioned Gentlemen 
/led him a Tor}* in the presence of a Negro man, who observed to 
iort, in the absence of the Gentlemeq, she called him Tory ? " We 
II goon set them to rights when we get our Company out." 
And further the Deponent eaith not. 

Thomas Ritchie, Recorder. 

July 19th, 1813. 

Geo. Frknch (Mayor) to the Governor. 

In the name of the Aldermen and Common Council, and I believe I July 20, 

ay say all the citizens of Fredericksburg, I thank you for the prompt ^^JIT 8 

bention paid to our communication by Express last week. The troops 

itached from Richmond for our relief, marched with a celerity highly 

morable to them, and reached this place, covered with dust, about 9 

el'k on Saturday night. 

These, added to a fine corps of Riflemen from Frederick and Shenan- 

>ah, together with the Militia of the Northern Neck and this Town, on 

hom we calculate to serve as volunteers (the Colonel of the County 

Lving refused to call out the militia unless the County is invaded), fur- 

shes a ground of confidence which has removed all fears even from the 

^st timid. 

The last authentic account we had of the Enemy were that there 

re two Frigates, two Brigs, and two Tenders up as high as the mouth 

Rozier's creek, and appeared to be engaged in carefully sounding the 

^er and fixing buoys. Several heavy ships were lying below Braxton's 

and. The report of last night was that the former had ascended the 

k 'er as high as Mathter's point. If so, it is probable they will be oppo- 

- this place to-day, but we have no fear of them. They will be met 

twelve hundred men in whom we confide, especially in such a country 

the Enemy will have to pass if they attempt to approach this place; 

leed, we confidently trust that if they make the attempt and get three 

les from their boats, they never can return. 

Enclosed is a memorandum of Mr. Wm. Smocks offering to furnish 

^ Cartridge Boxes with belts complete at 135 cents. If the Executive 



1813. think proper to take them at that price they will please write to Mr. 

Fw\&- Smock at thi8 P lace - 

burg Mr. Anthony Buck, of this place, who is a Commissary for the United 

States Troops at this place, is willing to furnish rations and to act a* 

commissary to the troops assembled on the Potomac. If the Executive 

think proper to have such an officer here, Mr. Buck is well qualified to 

discharge its duties and worthy the confidence of the State. 

Should Blankets be wanting, I have this day ascertained that there 
are between 2 and 3000 that could be obtained in this place. Captain 
Hamilton, of this county, has just come in and tendered the services of 
his company of militia as volunteers in case they should lie wanted. 
Thev are ordered to hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment's 
warning. Mr. Stark has this moment arrived from Mattox creek, and 
reports that two Barges full of men landed yesterday at that place, and 
plundered the houses of Mr. Ashton and Mr. Pain of all their provisions, 
such as Bacon, &c. They then put off for Mr. Hipkins, on the opposite 
side of the Creek. The militia, who by this time had gathered, crossed 
above them and fired on their Barges. One man was seen to fall over- 
board, and it is supposed several others were killed and wounded. The 
Barges immediately retired to their ships. 

Their advanced ships have descended the River below Blackston's 
Island, and were this morning scon at anchor with their large ships- 
The general opinion is that they are gone clown for the purpose of bring- 
ing up their smaller vessels, as their Frigates were seen to ground fre- 
quently in attempting to beat up. 

I am, etc. 

.Kob't B. Taylor (B. G.) to the Governor. 

July 25, I had hoped to have been in Richmond ere this to have arranged wit * 

Goorge your Excellency the measures for replacing the troops whose term <-rr* 
service will soon expire, and also those for the general system of defence 
of the frontier. I have lost no time in imparting my views and object 
to the Secretary of War, who has hitherto not been able to give me h^ 
orders. When I shall learn the wishes of the General Government, n» 
time will be lost in carrying them into effect. 

I am, &c. 

Jas. McDowell (Lt.-Col.) to the Governor. 

July 2.5, I have the honor to communicate to you the following detail of o» »*" 

Westmore- movements since we left the Camp at Richmond: 


y detachment arrived at Fredericksburg on the 17th Inst. From 1813. 
ce we proceeded on monday morning to Potomac creek, to which ^vesUnore- 
t I ordered the detachment from Shenandoah and Frederick, con- land 
ng of 182 rank and file. On that day, 19th Inst, I detailed for duty, 
accompanied them, Capt. Hoffman and Lieut. Culton, with 50 
mted Riflemen, Capt. Tucker, Lieut. Lauk and 25 Troopers. We 
antly proceeded down the River to view the Country and reconnoitre 
Enemy. The party went on by King George Court House. I, ac- 
ipanied by Capt. John W. Green and two of your zealous and 
riotic citizens, General John Preston and Capt. Andrew Stephenson, 
ceeded on the River road, passing Chotank neck, to Capt. John W. 
art's quarters at Thornton house, on Society hill, in King George 

The 2()th Inst, we discovered two Frigates, two Brigs, and two Tenders 
ting under way from the Kettle-bottom Shoals off the mouth of Rozier's 
jek. They dropped down to Blackstone's Island twelve or fifteen miles 
1 anchored with others of the Squadron that were anchored there, 
e larger Ships lying below and off the mouth of lower Machodic creek, 
king a total of about Twenty-one sail. 

)n the day of my arrival at society hill (19th Inst.), three barges from 
ships that lay off Rozier's Creek came up Mattox Creek and burnt a 
ill boat, and were ascending the Creek in pursuit of another of larger 
. Their progress was arrested by a fire from Capt. Hungerford's 
ipany," whose position was directed by Col. Parker, a communication 
vbich was made by him to the deputy Adjutant Gen'l to which I 
r you. My reconnoitering party being united at Mattox bridge, were 
e informed that a considerable force in fourteen Barges had landed 
lollis's Marsh, nearly opj>osite Blackston's Island. We received this 
Uigenee at 5 o'clock p. m. from a videt. To that point we hastened 
i all expedition, and arrived within ten miles. On the 21st Inst, we 
? advised by videts that a force of three hundred or upwards had the 
ling before come on Shore, moved into the Countrv about half a mile 
remained about an hour. 

i a Bay called Cole Harbour, formed by Hollis's marsh, two of the 
?es pursued and burnt a vessel loaded with Tanners' bark, and that 
it the whole returned to their ships. 

his shore is in perpetual alarm from these marauders, and we are har- 
ed by their reports and fears attempting to gain some position to 
ik them which has yet been fruitless. 

he tbreatning movement at Hollis's Marsh induced me to order down 
i Potomac Creek the whole of the detachment under my command, 
i Capt. Green's Company stationed at that place. The mounted men 
ed me in a day and a half from the date of my order, at Stratford 
se, a distance of 45 miles. The Infantry were ordered by King George 
rt House, there to wait further orders. • 


1813. The movement of the Enemy for the last four days has been so varient 

WeeUnore- tnat * ** n< * ** difficult to conjecture what their designs are ; sometimes 

land running with their Barges and standing over with their ships to the 
Maryland shore, at others threatning ours by standing in with their 
ships (Tenders and light Frigates) as close as they can get. 

If they have formed any great plan upon the Potomac it must be upon 
the City of Washington and Fredericksburg, or to form strong Military 
poets on that River and Rappahannock, command the peninsula below 
and raviging the Country. Many points on these Rivers are naturally 
strong, particularly on the Potomac at Hollis's Marsh and Chantille 
heights, from which to the nearest part of Rappahannock is 9 miles only. 
The conduct of that part of the Squadron that ascended the Potomac to 
Rozier's creek in sounding the Channel and placing in buoys together 
with the care and labor with which it was done and time spent, seemed 
to demonstrate clearly that their object was to ascend that river; but 
their delay and present situation of the whole squadron now below 
Blackstonc's Island off Ragged Point, induces a belief that they have 
abandoned that project: 1st, because their buoys were left unguarded; 
2nd, that their position at present is more favorable for the latter projed, 
and the most so of any they could occupy; the distance across to the 
Rappahannock being as short, and more level than from any point above 
terminating at a point on the last named river, that shipping of con- 
siderable size could aid their operations. These considerations, with the 
imposing appearance of the Enemy's force, determined me to organize 
the Regiment, the details and disposition of which you have accompany- 
ing. This step I considered due to the feelings of the Inhabitants and 
service of the Country. It does not increase the expense to the (<>n>- 
monwealth but has a contrary effect. I found the Militia of King George 
and Westmoreland embodied to repel invasion with troops from the 
neighboring counties called to their aid, a part of all have and will be 
discharged in a few days unless the intentions of the Enemy are by their 
movements more clearly developed. The Troops emlnxlied in these 
counties are of that kind that for the present not much can be expected 
from them, and indeed that is the case with the whole force here except 
Capt. Green's company, which is well disciplined. 

It is decidedly my opinion that expert Riflemen of the description 
about to be organized at the Camp at Richmond for my command, would 
be most effectual against the incursions of the Enemy. 

I beg leave to suggest that a greater number of field officers are neces- 
sary to the command of this and every other Regiment acting on an 
extensive coast where the command is necessarily divided and sub- 
divided for the protection of the whole. If you approve this idea and 
order that the remainder of my Regiment, by this time organized at the 
Camp at Richmond, join me, Col. Rich'd E. Parker, who is well 


ainted with the country, and who is now in service, would be a val- 18 13. 

e and useful officer. w" 1 ?!™^ 


ajor Jones and the detachment under his command would be an land 

ptable force to me, if you choose to give them this direction. 

roin the very slight observation I have been able to make of the 

mtry and shores of the river, I am strongly inclined to conjecture 

t cavalry is the least effective force. High banks, intersected with 

sp ravines, creeks that require boats to pass, and hills covered with 

ck woods and close undergrowth, render it almost impossible for this 

id of force to act. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. This moment a videt communicates that the enemy's Squadron 
ain the same position they did off Ragged point, but that information 
d been received from prisoners yesterday set on shore, that every 
eparation had been made on board for sailing, and that Annapolis was 
eir destination. This information is given by Capt McCobb, yesterday 
leased from captivity. 

Since commencing the above, I have conversed with Capt. McCobb. 
io states he was a captive, and released yesterday on parole ; that he 
tows nothing of the Enemy's destination, but believes they intend 
ortly to leave the Potomac. 

I am, &c. 

James McDowell (Lieut. Comdt.) to the Governor. 

1 have this moment reced. information from a videt of intelligence July 25, 

'at the British Squadron making a total of about 30 Sail, got under ^'"{J^ 

ay this morning and bent their course down the river. When he left past 12 P. M. 

a station they were out of sight, and standing out eight or ten miles 

-low their anchorage of last night. 

1 have ordered videts to Lynche's point, from which their course either 

I> or down the Bay can be discovered. 

Any intelligence I may be able to obtain of their destination will be 

'tomunicated by Express. 

lam strongly impressed with the belief that their destination is Nor- 

'k> and that their great effort will be made at that point. 

I am, &c. 

^- B. The express with this is ordered to overtake the one dispatched 
8 niorning, so that the first will be the bearer of both. 


1813. Organization of a Reg y t for the defence of the shores of tlte Potomac, July 

23rd, 1813. 

Of the detachment from Richmond, under Col. McDowell: 

Mounted Riilumen, Hoffman and Baldwin, 131 

Cavalry, Capts. Tucker, Sandford and Smith. 135 

Frederick and Shenandoah Riflemen, 182 

To which I have added from Westmoreland Co. 2 companies mus- 
ket men, 12S 
One Company of Musket men from Richmond Co., G4 
One Company of Cavalry, King George Co., Capt. John G. Stuart, 47 

Capt. John W. Green's Company now in service. 60 


This force has been divided as follows, with Col. Rich'd E. Parker: 

Capt. Hoffman's comp'y, 07 rank and file. 

Capt. Sand ford's Troop, 54 

Capt. Smith's " 45 

One Company of Musket men 

from Westmoreland, 64 

One comp'y Do. Richmond, 64 

it u 

U 41 

294 Total privates and non-comm'd offi- 
cer, captains, and subalterns complete for the above eomp'ys. 

The detachment to be commanded bv Col. Richard E. Parker and 
Major John Turberville, field officers. 

This detachment leaves for my command 453 privates and non-win* 
missioned officers, a full complement of company officers, to which I 
have added Major Wm. Nelson, of Westmoreland. 

The following disposition has been made of Col. Parker's detachment: 

.*>() Infantry of the Line, 10 cavalry videts — 40; to be stationed at 
King Copcico. 

15 Infantry of the Line, 5 cavalry videts — 20; Do. Ragged Poi'it. 

15 Infantry of the Line, 5 Cavalry videts — 20; Do. Piccatone house. 

20 Infantry of the Line, 6 Cavalry videts — 26; Do. Lynch 's Point 

Embracing a distance of 25 miles along the shore downwards from 
King Copcico. These piquet guards to be relieved every third clay from 
Col. Parker's reserve, stationed at a place called the Hague, where the 
troops are to be trained. 


The detachment immediately under my command, stationed at or near 1813. 
\ttox church, consisting of 453 non-comm'd officers and privates, will 
pply the following points with picquet guards — viz. : 
iiO Infantry of the Line, 10 Cavalry videts — 70; Chotank Neck, under 
apt. J. W. Green. 

30 Infantry of the Line, G Cavalry videts — 30 ; at Mattox creek. 

15 Infantry of the Line, 5 Cavalry videts — 20; at Haywood, Mrs. 
Washington's seat. 

19 Infantry of the Line, fi Cavalry videts — 25; Stratford Mill. 

30 Infantry of the Line, C> Cavalry videts — 30; Hollis's Marsh. 

Emhracing a distance of 40 miles, to be. relieved every third da} T , 
except as to Capt. Green's Company, who relieve themselves and obtain 
their own supplies; this arrangement will guard the whole distance of 
65 miles, occupying the important points with guards, who in many 
instances can co-operate, and who can, to considerable extent, be sup- 
ported from the reserve. 

James McDowell, 
Lieut. Col. Comd't. 

Nathaniel Friend (Chairman), Rout. W. Birchete, Robt. Roll- 
ing, Wm. Robertson, Jr., Epwd. Peuram, Wm. Prentis, Com- 
mittee to Wm. W. IIeninu, Esq., (I)ep. Adjt. Gen'l). 

The Committee of Vigilance of the Town of Petersburg, take the July 26, t 
berty to transmit to you and through you to the Executive of Virginia, Peterslmr K 
»e enclosed report from the Officers of Fort Powhatan. 

This Report was made to the Committee in consequence of a letter 
tdressed by the Committee on Thursday last to Col. Selden, and through 
m to the officers of the Fort. Col. Selden being absent from home 
am indisposition, the letter was promptly attended to by the officers. 

We also take the liberty to enclose a letter addressed to the committee 
f Mr. Richard Bate, who went to the Fort and was the bearer of the 
Iter, of the committee to Col. Selden. 

We join the officers in opinion that Mr. Richard Bate could be use- 
lly employed in the work. He is not a man of military science, indeed 
iere are none among us who are so, but in the department in which he 
>uld act in effecting the necessary improvements at the Fort, we have 
s doubt that he would discharge his duty with much zeal, activity and 

We beg leave to add that the Fort has sustained considerable injury 
* consequence of the late rains, and will sustain further and more serious 
Uury if not immediately attended to. 

We are, &c. 


w — ' 


1813. At a meeting of the Committee of Vigilance of the Town of Petersburg, 

w»i.^» at Naustedler's Tavern, Monday the 28th of June, 1813. Present: Wil- 
liam Bowden, Mayor of the Town, Robert Birchett, Nathaniel Friend, 
William Robertson, William Prcntis. 

The Committee appointed by the Siegnier Volunteers for the purpoee 
of visiting Fort Powhatan at Hoods, rej>ort that they have in part per- 
formed the duties assigned them. That they have had a personal inter- 
view with their fellow citizen Major James Williams, the commanding 
officer of that Fort; that Major Williams expresses great uneasiness in 
his present situation; but that on being properly supported and well sup- 
plied, and the Fort placed in an adequate state of defence, that he will 
not only be able to repel any probable attack on the Fort, but that he 
can support it against any probable force not exceeding 5,000 men. 

Resolved, that Robert Boiling be added to the Committee in the room 
of Mordecai Barbour, removed from the Town. 

Resolved, that William Bowden, Robert Boiling, and William Robert- 
son, be a committee to wait on the Executive of Virginia, and if neces- 
sary, on the constituted authorities of the city of Richmond, on the sub- 
ject of the Fort called Powhatan, and represent to them the im|M)rtance 
of that Fort to the protection of the Town of Petersburg and the city of 
Richmond, and the necessity of placing that Fort in an adequate state of 

Resolved, that Nathaniel Friend, Edward Pegram, and William Pren- 
tis, be a committee to wait on Major Wilder, the Commanding officer of 
the militia of Petersburg, soliciting his early attention to the militia of 
the Town in placing them in a prompt and adequate preparation to meet 
any event, and in furnishing them with all the prepared am munition* 
within the town subject to his controul, or the controul of the Com- 
manding Officer of the 39th Regiment. 

Adjourned to Wednesday, 12 o'clock. 

Nath l Frienh- 
A true copy. 

William Prentis. 

Petersburg, 24 July, 181&- 

Gentlemen, — Agreeably to your request, I have been down to Fort 
Powhatan, as well for the purpose of obtaining the Report of the officers 
now in command there, on the state of that Fortress (which accompany 
this letter), as also to give you my opinion on the subject 

The Report of the officers, embracing all the additional works an<I 
repairs which I deem necessary for efficiency in repelling almost any 
assault by land or water, leaves it only for me to give you an estimate of 
the probable cost which will be incurred and is herewith subjoined. 


completion of this very necessary Job may be effected by the 1813. 
%y of October, if immediately set about, but you must not calcu- j^terebunr 
i a diminution of cost from an expectation that the soldiers com- 

the Garrison will contribute any portion of labour. Was it com- 
of men of the Regular Army, a principal part of the work could 
formed by them in a space of time proportionate to its strength", 
am not singular in the opinion that it will be some time before 
ilitia can be induced to use the Pick-Axe and Shovel, 
the work, except the Brick and Carpenters' work, I am practically 
■sant with ; therefore, feel no diffidence in undertaking the super- 
ence of constructing and final accomplishment of it, either in the 
ty of a Superintendent or Contractor. 

I am respectfully, &c, 

R. Bate. 

EnthuUed CW of Work (U Fort Powhatan. 

ht hundred yards of Ditch and Rampart of the following dimen- 

10 feet wide at top, 5 feet deep, 3 at bottom. Bank 10 feet 

e at bottom, 5 feet in heigh th, 3 at top ; the bank to be 

ed complete, from bottom to top, at $4.50 pr. yd., $3,600 

lating and turfing the Hill between the upper and lower 

terie8, 600 

ig a covered way and steps for communicating with the 

2r Battery from the upper one, of the following description, 

: The passage to be 8 feet wide, 6 ft. 6 in. high ; the sides 
irick wall 4 fit. in highth, 18 inches thick ; the balance of the 
:th of the passage to be sloped aud turfed. Brick steps set 
imber frames, 1,000 


Caitvin Jones to the Governor. 

letter to Your Excellency on the subject of raising a Military corps j u i v 2» 

rvice in Virginia was immediately followed by intelligence of the Newbern 

on of our State, and I instantly thereupon received the orders of 

Dvernor to organize a force and prepare for the defence of this place. 

3 just seen in the newspapers your reply to the letter I had the 

to address you. Without waiting for the original which must be 

ed on its route, I think it proper and necessary to inform you that 

and very imperious duties at this time put it out of my power to 

my original design into effect. 




July 29, 
New hern 

July 29, 

I sail early to-morrow with the Governor to make a survey of some 
plans on our coast, and without noticing the sentiments of your letter 
which are in unison with every feeling of my heart, I thought it incum- 
bent on me before my departure, to make this acknowledgment of its 
indirect might. Your letter has if {possible ri vetted my affections more 
closely to your cause, and I confidently hope and trust that the feeble 
aid which I once flattered myself with the expectation of giving, will not 
Ihj necessary to your defence; but that the brilliant page of Virginia's 
History will be embellished with the relation of her future triumphs. 

I am, <fec. 

James McDowell (Lieut.-Col. Comp't) to the Governor. 

I^nst night Col. Parker informed me that the fleet, except 1 Seventy- 
four, 3 Frigates, and 5 smaller vessels had gone out of the river, and 
that they were supposed to have gone down the bay. As soon as I can 
ascertain their destination you shall be advised, and I shall move as 
directed by your last. In my next I will communicate the particulars 
relative to a fl;ig that I sent to Admiral Warren on the subject of some 
negroes that were taken bv his men on board the fleet - I neither de- 
manded the property or complained of its seizure, nor did I commit 
myself in any way in regard to the matter. I merely by the flag 
afforded the individuals who had lost their slaves, an opportunity of re- 
claiming them, and of ascertaining the certainty and extent of their loss, 
('apt. Stephenson accompanied Capt. Tucker with the flag, and will 
hand you this. Tie can and will give you any details you wish to hear. 

I am, tvc. 


August 2, Recommending Capt. Cooper for appointment as Quarter Master for 
Hampton the Troops at Hampton, which officer is much needed, and for which 
position lie is peculiarly fitted. 

John Armstrong to the Governor. 

August 4, We have not either in store at this place or at any other depot of arms. 

Wa ment art ri ^ e £ uns for distribution to Militia. A few guns of this description 

were borrowed on a late occasion from the Indian Department. The 

number possessed by that department did not exceed Eighty. There 

may be Eighty more at Harper's Ferry, but they are destined for the 

Kille Regiment of the United States. 

I am, <fec. 


Tno. Ciiowninu (Lt.-Col. Comd'r 92nd) to the Governor. 

beg leave to inform you of the arrival of a British Squadron con- 1813. 
ing of one Frigate, one Brig, and one Tender, off the mouth of Rap- ^Smieto 
tannock River, on the evening of the 6th Instant, and on the morning Lancaster 
the 7th, about ten miles up the River, captured a schooner with un y 
initions of war for the Eastern Shore with two Ladies (passengers), 
i information of the capture of the Ladies on the 9th, I gave Major 
x>rc F. Brokenbrough leave to proceed on board with a Flag for the 
rpose of obtaining permission for the Ladies to return with him. In 
swer to which I received information that they were forwarded the 
y before to the place of their destination. 

There are two Gentlemen, Messrs. Temple Robins and William Treaklc 
to were attending the Ladies on their passage, still detained on Board 
i Majesty's Shi]) Armide, lying off North Point, and beg through Major 
that some steps will be taken to relieve them from their disagreeable 

There are also three Sailors in the same situation. I beg leave further 
add that on the arrival of the British fleet up the Bay about the 12th 
last month, I posted two small lookout Guards for the purpose of 
ring information of the Enemy's movement, which has continued in 
rvice ever since. 

On the arrival of the Squadron before alluded to, I caused the Regiment 
have the honor to command, to be convened, and are still in service, 
tie movement of the Enemy is very suspicious. They are almost daily 
their bor.ts sounding the Rappahannock River, and different inlets on 
it* Bay. I deem it necessary to make this application for a supply of 
usket Cartridges, and six screws for the purpose of drawing Muskets, 
so a few grape for our field pieces. Out of the sixty rounds I received 
few days ago there is only six of them grape. 

Any sum of money that you might deem sufficient to defray the 
Pessary expenses of the Regt. under my command, while in service, 
nvarded by Mr. Downman (the bearer), will be thankfully received. 

I am, <fec. 

James McDowell (Lt. Col.) to the Governor. 

If I understood your conversation to me yesterday it was that I had August 10, 
n election to continue in service, to be employed in the peninsular Camp Fair- 
etween York and James River, or in the Commonwealth in State Employ 
I such places as that service would be most needed or useful ; or for the 
ftsent to retire from command and leave Col. Cocke : n seryice, whose 


1813. commission is younger than mine, to be employed as above on State 
QimpFair- esta blishment. Under yours of the 28th of June last, I came into service 
fax with an engagement in that order that the requisition from the upper 
country were not to be sent to Norfolk. 

This was agreeable to all who were called out, as that climate and 
situation is considered to be (probably) more destructive to uplanders 
than the Enemy could be. 

I confess I had a great desire to contribute my share of service in a 
military character in the contest in which we are engaged, and that I 
was well pleased that it had fallen to my lot to command a Rifle corps 
taken froni that section of the State where their use was best understood, 
hoping that I might be able to manage that kind of force with good 
effect against the enemy and with advantage to my country. But it 
seems theae Riflemen arc now destined for Norfolk, notwithstanding the 
promise held out in the ordw of June 28th. 

Obedience is the first duty of a soldier, and I trust that no lack of 
that important essential will be found in either officer or soldier now 
under my command. As to myself, I shall ever be obedient to the 
orders of my superior officers, but will never commute my rights or sur- 
render my grade as an officer to any man on earth. 

I am, <&c. 

August 10th, IS U 

To Hi* Excellency the Governor of Virginia : 

The undersigned Captains of the Regiment, encamped at Fairfield 
have just received a proposition submitted to them through the» r 
Colonel by the honorable Executive Council. They understand that 
proposition in substance to be that the Captains of said Regiment shal* 
give up their present tour of duty and return home, and that tb* 5 
subalterns and men shall be immediately stationed at Norfolk under tb 45 
command of other officers. 

The undersigned have too much respect for the Executive to belie*'* 3 
them capable of intending to wound the feelings of the officers, or d° 
injustice to the soldiers ; and will, therefore, in submitting their sent*" 
ments concerning the views of the Executive, forbear from making any 
observations as to their extraordinary character. But they conceive 
that they would be guilty of the highest injustice to their soldiers an" 
wanting in duty to themselves did they not respectfully and earnest J v 
remonstrate against a course entirely unexpected, and which they hum- 
bly believe would be productive of the most injurious consequences. 

The undersigned, humble in talents and confined in information, are 
not capable of suggesting the measures which the situation of our 


,ry may require. Had they even the presumption to attempt it, 1813. 

without arrogating to themselves more than an ordinary portion of (^J^^ir- 

>tism, they beg leave to declare their ]>erfect willingness to perform field 

tervice, or obey any order which may be deemed necessary by the 

it authority. But understanding that their approbation is requested 

e measures proposed to he adopted, they would be wanting in can- 

and patriotism if they did not especially declare that those meas- 

do not comport with their feelings, their wishes, their sentiments of 

riety or justice. 

le late orders of your Excellency, which called the troops from the 

>r country into service, state a hope and expectation that their ser- 

i would not be long required, and contain an express declaration that 

would not be sent to Norfolk, but act as flanking parties in the 
itry. The troops were requested to come mounted and armed with 
?. The horses and many of the guns were not furnished at the pub- 
xpense, but an appeal was made to the patriotism of the people, and 
without success. The undersigned hear now, with no small degree 
upprise, that a new force is to be organized for the very service 
inally intended for the troops under their command, a force partly, 
ot entirely, composed of men somewhat accustomed to the climate of 
lower country. 

Iter the above-mentioned positive declaration and the great exertions 
ch have been had by their troops to prepare themselves for perform- 
an extraordinary service, and after part of those troops having l>een 
lally engaged in that service, the undersigned would abuse the confi- 
ce reposed in them by their men if they should give any consent 
ch would place them in a fatal climate under strange officers. But 
aid the Executive exercise their power of ordering the troops to Nor- 
, the undersigned humbly beg leave to accompany them. It is true 
- they may not be equal in talents or military knowledge to the om- 

for whom they are to make room, and are not accustomed to the 
late, but they Hatter themselves that zeal and fidelity in the cause of 
r country will compensate for want of skill, and they solemnly 
lare that they would prefer death itself to a separation most painful 
hemselves and calculated to excite feelings of the most improper 
are amongst their soldiers. 

Vt remain, very Respectfully, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and very humble servants, 

h'd Stuart, R. C. Rurwell, John Gilkerson, James II. Sowers, Peter 
■tilth, John C. Raskin, Dan'l Matthews, Joseph Hannah, Walter Ham- 
urgh, Andrew Lewis, Thos. Hopkins, Dan'l Hoffman, Gri Hi n Lamkin, 
Iriscoe G. Baldwin. 


Richard Field to the Governor. 

1813. Tendering the services of the Company of Brunswick Marksmen to 

AugtiHt 11, gerve without pay (rations and forage found), to continue in service as 
long as the danger lasts. 

Kich'd E. Parker and Jno. Taylor Lomax to tub Governor. 

August 2(i, Informing of the deficiency of ammunition of all kinds and camp 
land >re " c, l in l )a £ e U1 the counties composing the Northern Neck and the great 
danger of invasion in consequence. Recommending that authority be 
issued for musters of the Militia of those counties once a fortnight. 

Uou't Brent (P. M. IT. 8. Army) to the Governor. 

August :J0, The letter which vou addressed to the Sec'ty of War of the 2(>th inst.. 

torTo'lT ri *' a ^ ve t° tne P a X °f certain Militia has l>een referred to ma 

The District Pay Master Turner has l>een instructed to regard Militia 
as in the actual service of the United States, and to be paid out of tlie 
funds thereof, where the rolls are furnished conformably to the iegulations 
adopted by the President, which will be found in a small book 1 had the 
honor of transmitting to the Deputy Adjutant Gen'lof Virginia, Hening, 
not long since, page 23*.), under the head of ''Rules with regard to Militia 

When the Rolls are made out and certified agreeably to the rule there- 
in laid down and the amount ascertained, it will take to make payment 
thereof, it will atlonl me great pleasure in making the necessary arrange- 
ments tor that purpose. Or if the Executive deem it pro|>er to dis(ien$ 
with the rule therein laid down, I will execute the duty with equal 
pleasure, in order to call the small pittance to be paid to those who have 
with so much merit left the comforts and conveniences of their own homes 
to encounter the ris^ues and perils of a military life at a moment when 
the country required them. 

I am, vVc. 

•Iamks (Skkknhow to the Governor. 

August Si. 1 **g leave to suggest the propriety o\ removing the British Prisoner? 
kivhiuond nox , | n t j K . Penitentiary. 

This is the most >;eklv »H?riod of the vear. which together with the 



effects of crowding in a place of confinement, may not only increase the 1813. 
number of diseases, but also their malignancy. ttich^o^d 

There are other reasons which belong more properly to the Keeper to 

I am, &c. 

.Iamrs Williams (Major Comdt.) to Moses Green ( Genl. 

of Va). 

On the 24th of July last, at the request (by letter), of the Committee 
of Vigilance of the Town of Petersburg, addressed to Col Miles Selden 
and the Commissioned Officers on duty at this Fort. A Report was made 
of the Actual State of its works, which Report embraced as well certain 
repairs and additional works deemed necessary for its efficient protection 
in case of assault, as also the supposed estimate of the cost which would 
thereby be incurred. 

Having learned from the Gentlemen composing that Committee that 
they had communicated the same through your Department to the Gov- 
ernor, without receiving any answer on the subject, I deem it my official 
and indispensable duty to call the attention of the Commander-in-Chief 
to a matter of such vital importance as the security which this Fortress 
would yield to the upper country, particularly to the Capitol of the State 
and the Town of Petersburg, were it placed in that state of Defence 
necessary to answer the purposes intended. 

Referring to that report. I have only to remark that very considerable 
injury has l>een lately sustained from the heavy Rains recently fallen in 
washing down the surface of the Hill between the upper and lower Battery, 
and that unless a stop is put to it the latter will be very soon rendered 
altogether useless. 

At the request of myself and the Committee of Vigilance of Petersburg, 
Mr. Richard Bate is the bearer of this Letter, who being conversant in 
works ol the kind, and having attentively inspected the works of the 
Fort, can give any information required. 

I am, ivx. 

Sept. 1, 
Fort Pow- 

Rob't Greenhow (Mayor) to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

Expressing apprehensions of insurrectionary movements among the Sept. 8 f 
Macks under the instigation of the British, for, and detailing his measures Rlc hmond 
for preventing the same. Also advising the removal of the Powder 
Magazine to a place of greater security to the citizens. 


Walter G. Anderson (U. S. Navy) to tiik Governor. 

1813. The superabundance of Naval Officers on this station and a desire of 

Portsmouth serving my country in the most advantageous way is the cause of my 
making this address. 

A point is now in view wherein my services may prove of use, namely, 
by stopping James Itivcr channel by sinking old vessels. I therefore 
humbly offer you my services, hoping thereby my exertions may baof 
general use. 

I am now under the command of Commodore Cassin. Any request by 
you for Naval Officers will no doubt be granted by him. 

Alexander McRae, Ksq'r, of Richmond, can gratify you in any inquiry 
concerning me. 

I am, &c. 

Abraham Bell to the Governor. 

Sept. 13, Tendering the services of a company of volunteer Riflemen for a tour 

Berkeley Q f c ] u ^ v for six months wherever ordered, on the condition of l>cing fur- 
County . * . . . 

nished with llifles and being commanded by the author, Capt. Bell. 

Roh't Brent (1\ M. U. S. A.) to the Governor. 

Sept. .°>0, 1 have been honored with your letter of the 10th Inst relative to a 

W-vslmi°ton l )a y ,ncnt made by the State of Virginia to certain militia which you 

state to have been in the actual service of the United States, and which 

advance by the State it is expected will be refunded bv the United States. 

You will be pleased, Sir, to cause the account of those advances to be 
stated, accompanying the statement by one set of the original vouchers, 
which I find will be required. 

Presuming, however, that Duplicates were taken by the agent of the 
State, one set of those Duplicates can be retained among the archive? 

When the statement and vouchers are transmitted, measures will be 
taken to have the business adjusted as early as possible, if authorized by 
the Secrey of War, which I cannot doubt. It will afford me pleasured 
refunding the amount 

I am, Arc. 


Miles 8elden to James Byrne (Col.) 

this moment received your letter communicating the intelligence of 1813. 
situation and probable intentions of the enemy. Fort Powhatan is p^!^*™' 
v in a situation to receive cannon, but for the want of proper car- 
ies cannot be mounted. The Governor sent down some days ago 5 
hteen pounders and twelve 12-pound cannon with seven carriages, 
rich are too low for the parapet wall. I have mounted the 3 eighteen 
d four twelve-pound cannon on those carriages uj>on a temi>orary plat- 
in, which might afford some means of defence, provided we had men 
ough to use them, who understood the management of cannon. There 
e not, at this time, stationed at the Fort more than 50 men, about 400 
s. of Powder, between 50 and 100 ball. If this place was well sup- 
ied with cannon and men sufficient to manage them to advantage, it 
)iild furnish a very formidable, and perhaps secure defence against the 
>proach of the enemy. It is a strong and defenceable ]>oint, and would, 
pro|>erly defended, cost them very dear to pass or destroy. 
Sonic person who understands the use and management of cannon is 
Ty much wanting at that place ; there is no officer there, nor am 1 at 
I acquainted with it, so that we shall, I fear, make but a feeble resist- 
icc. I feel indebted to you for the information furnished, and the offer 
assistance tendered. 

The latter would be extremely acceptable, especially if it was of the 
ascription suggested. I have thought for some time a formidable force 
ionld be stationed at Fort Powhatan, as the enemy will certainly make 
at their first object before they advance any higher up the river, and 
wmld the force stationed at that place be compelled to retire, they 
ould have it in their power to march to Petersburg, or even Richmond, 
tfore the army could reach either place. 

I shall establish a line of vidcta down the river as soon as practicable, 
id shall communicate with Col. Allen, of Surry, and request him to 
'tend a line of videts as low down as Shoal Hay, which will give us 
formation of their approach in a few hours from a considerable dis- 
nce Mow, and if you were to stretch your line to Fort Powhatan, you 

hi Id receive the earliest information. 

I am, &c. 

Oct. 20ih, ISIS. 

fleport of Yeamans Smith, Reuben Thornton, and William Smock, 

Urnissioners to examine five miles of the Swift Run Turnp'ke Road 

Hn the Town of Fredericksburg, sets forth that they have performed 

»-t duty, and find the work done agreeably to the act of the General 




Oclo. 2Srd y ISIS. 

1813. Remonstrance of the officers of the 94th Regiment of Virginia Militia 

against the operation of the General Orders of the 23rd of Aug., 1813, 
as an encroachment upon their rights and degrading to their character, 
is filed. 

James Monroe to the Governor. 

October 23, It will always give me great pleasure to have it in my |K»wer to be «r- 
^Statf> nt v * ce:vn ^° t° l" e State. The expression of this sentiment, a strong one 
with me, excites peculiar sensibility, by the recollection of many inci- 
dents which have touched me profoundly in the course of my public 
life. I shall be pardoned for adverting to them. 

Your last Letter relating to the claim of the Virginia State Line in onr 
Revolutionary War for an equal portion of land with those who served 
on the Continental Establishment received my prompt attention. Noth- 
ing, however, could be done in the business at that time. The late session 
of ('(ingress was an extraordinary one, intended for a si>ecial pur|nwe, 
the provision of taxes to defray the expenses of this just and necessary 
War. The mind of the members was completely absorbed in the con- 
sideration of that important duty, which was happily accomplished, ana 
as I trust and believe to the satisfaction of the Union. A basis has been 
laid for public credit, which will, I doubt not, produce effects abroad * s 
well as at home that will form a proud boast, as it will be found a strong 
bulwark in favor of our liberties. The patient acquiescence under much 
heavier taxes, should they be necessary, and the promptitude with which 
they will be paid, will, I am satisfied, by proving the stubborn virtue and 
unconquerable spirit of our people, wrest from our enemies the vain hop c 
which they have indulged that our free Government would sink under 
the experiment. At such a session it was impossible to engage th c 
attention of Congress in any other important business. I conferred wit!* 
several of the members of the State on that subject, who concurred wit 1* 
me in that opinion. It was consequently postponed for a more favorable 

Your letter relating to the horrible crimes that were committed by tW* 
Rritish Troops at Hampton, was received at a moment while this ciO 
was menaced with invasion, and I was engaged in an excursion down tl** 
River to observe the movements of the enemy. At the time when ^ 
might have acted on it, the commander of the Squadron had left Hamj"* 
ton Roads and ascended the Ray, having passed beyond the limit, as 1 
supposed, of such a communication. 

All the documents which I received from you, exhibiting in their ju-*** 


iformity those execrable deeds, were delivered to the chairman of the 1813. 
omurittee of the House of Representatives charged with the collection r^£jjJuent 
•f examples of British violations in this war of the rights and usages of of State 
civilized nations in War, and of the evidence supporting them to he in- 
corporated in his Report to the House, which was attended to by him so 
far as it was supposed to fall within its just scope. 

1 should have had the honor to have written to your Excellency on 
these subjects long since had I not promised myself the pleasure of a 
personal interview with you in the course of the summer, in which we 
might communicate fully on them. I regret to have been disappointed 
in this expectation. I need not add that I shall avail myself with great 
interest of every opportunity which may be afforded me to render any 
useful service to the State compatible with the duties of my present sta- 
tion, confident always that such only would be acceptable to the State or 
I* desired of me by your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 


Asking the appointment of commissioners to examine the first five Nov. <>, 
miles of the Ash by 's Gap Turnpike west of ita commencement, to deter- M, dueburg 
mine if the .same have been constructed according to the Act of Assem- 
bly of the 30th of Jan'y, 1810. 

John Tckuerville to W. Henin<s (1)ei\ Aw't Uen'i.). 

I enclose you two Letters, the one Marked A from myself to the com- Nov. 8, 
niander of his Majesty's Naval forces in the Potomac, granting the privi- lca one 
H'e of a Flag to certain individuals residing in this County, where 
ne groes had gone on board the Fleet in that river, and the other marked 
"» from Captain Middleton, the Flag officer, to me communicating the 
res Ult of his mission. I am extremely sorrv to make known to his 
^cellency the Governor that upwards of one hundred negroes have 
f "fc<Hed their escape since the arrival of this small Squadron in our 
ra t<-rs from this County and Northumberland, owing principally to the 
^ltct of those whose duty it was in securing the boats, canoes, &c. on 
le Northumberland Shore of the Yeocomico. 

At the earliest moment ever)' precaution was manifested on my pa it, 
n, l no exertion was omitted in guarding every port and securing every 
l ^el whereby an escape might be made, and those who have sustained 
0s *«tirj within the limits of my command, preferred generally guarding 
htiirown boats themselves. The persons named in the letter A are all 


1813. who have, as yet, been sufferers ; their total loss amounts to about 30 oi 

Picaton different ages and sexes. There now only remains the Dragon and her 

Tenders in sight, the Brigs having gone down the Bay yesterday. 

My force in service consists of two companies of Infantry from the 

2nd and one company of Artillery from the 1st Batt — in all amounting 

to about 120 men. 

1 shall convey by express to his Excellency, the commander-in-chief, 

all information necessary to be made known. 

I am, &c 

(A.) Westmoreland, Nov. 4th, 1813. 

Dkak Sik: 

It has been represented to me that a number of negroes, the 
property of Peter P. Cox, Esc jr., Geo. Whitlock, Win. C. Chandler, Bene- 
dict Wright and Dr. Walter Jones, have made an escajie from their ownen 
and have gone on board the Squadron under your command. Now to 
the end that those in<liridunl* % whose names are hereby made known to 
you may identify their property, and reclaim it according to the established 
usage of his Majesty's government during the war, I have granted them 
the privilege of a flag, and Captain Middleton (of the Artillery)* will be 
Warer thereof, accompanied by William Atwell, Daniel Mealey, in the 
room o( Peter P. Cox, Ksqr., and Benedict Wright and Col. Alex'r Marker 
late of the C S. Army, in behalf of Wm. Chandler, George Whitlock 

and Pr. Walter Jones. 

I am, A'o. 

J No. Tl'KliKKVlLLE. 

The Commander of his Itritunic Majesty V forces in the Potomac. 

\\k » Sandy Point, o'th .W.. IS 11 

Sik,— Conformahlv to inductions. 1 ve>terdav proceeded with th«* 
jvrsons named in your ktUT. with tin.- tlag to go on board his Majesty* 
Ship. >\hich I learned to li* the Pnu:on. «»f 74 Guns, commandtil by 
l apt. Ivarrie. Ivim: *«tf St. Gt\»rge"s Inland, to whom my disj*atches wertf 
: .!rn:i\!:.;:cly forwardrd :>y t!:o St-nw Orlicvr »»n ■««*ard. Pt-nni^ion was 
^ravti I :". o ^t^:!i:;'i*s aavsi Kir.v::.^ i!u. t!aj to see thiir nt-iroes a»«l 
:.i\o : v-:-..«. .'/.'. >;:/.. a> wtre wi!!:r„: :o rvliirn. :-ut none apj»eared to have 
a -*.^- ■ .■<:: .»:*.. ..*:) o* wo s ; w :::*■ uh^u. of ti.r::.. 

Wi \\i.-\ :r\.;;*\I \tr> ■vl::e!y a:;vi r\m;;:r.**i o:i Uxml ;he <hij» several 

■ . » * ^^ 

i .:::. l ;:rs h-.v -„\:::\.y. 

W:: ; : w M:: : : rrox. CapL Artilly 



James Faulkner to the Governor. 

ng the pleasure of seeing your Excellency on my return to 1813. 
from Norfolk, I now take the liberty of addressing you on the MarUnginJn, 
the Horses that were impressed to convey the cannon to Rich- 

i my possession a Muster Roll of the Horses regularly signed 
pector and proper officers, which was produced to the Quarter 
leral at Norfolk for pay. He observed that he would pay for 
?es if an order was made at Head Quarters to that effect. This 
J, upon what grounds I know not. I then produced the mus- 
the Council of State, who refused to act, and observed that it 
id before Congress. Those Horses were impressed by a special 
3 State. They were ordered to Norfolk by orders from the 

and continued in service by orders from Gen'l Taylor. Your 
f will readily perceive the injury that results from such pro- 
K>th in regard to the citizen and the contest we are now engaged 
I knows there is unfortunately too many among us disposed to 
y obstacle in the way to disorganize the army, and render the 
>ular. Therefore I hope your Excellency will take into con- 
the jHiCuliar hardship of the claimants, and inform me when 

they will receive compensation for the services of their Horses, 
ike the liberty of stating to you the bad effects the present 
nts for the organization of the army has upon the most impor- 
of it. The Artillery properly Manned is the most important 
rfolk Station, and let the Enemy make their attack either by 
iter, unless there is material alterations made in that Depart- 

must succeed. When I left that place there were but two 
i in the service that were enrolled as Artillerists, and they had 
d, and two companies more who were detailed from the Infan- 
line; these were all the troops who came under the Dcnomi- 
Artillerists for the defence of Norfolk and Craney Island, 
een a cause of complaint fur some time with me that the force 

means adequate to the number of Guns mounted, and wht;n 
,e was handed to Headquarters, the common reply no more 
lad, or that when the exigency of the ease required it,-they will 
1 from the Iufantrv: that the Infantry and their Officers will 
ood Artillerists as those who have been organized as such with- 
x». That I deny and appeal to your Excellency or any person 
t on Military affairs, even if their talents were equal, tor there 
prit du Corps in all Troops and particularly the Militia which 

those excel that consider it in the line of their duty, 
pectable force of Artillerists is ordered out, or such as an oflicer 
<t to render a service to the country and not bring disgrace on 


1813. himself, I am at your Excellency's call at any time you may think 
Math'sbu l )ro l )er tna * in Y services are necessary. 

I am, &c. 

William Wirt (Capt. Kichmd. Flyinu Artillery) to the Go> 


Nov. 13, It is indispensible for the guidance of my future conduct as the coi 

Richmond nlalu ]i n g Oflicer of the Richmond Flying Artillery, to have a distil 
understanding with the Executive on certain points which I beg lea 
now to submit. 

This corps, when raised last summer, was understood by me and i 
men under my command to have flowed from the wish of the Exe* 
tive — not, indeed, formally expressed — and to be destined as an auxillU 
arm for the defence of the Metropolis and its vicinity. Westover ^ 
named as a point on the sphere of its action. The men were immcs 
ately put in training, and an advice of counsel authorized me to eqi 
the corps in such a manner as to give to it the fullest effect. This I hi 
endeavored to obey according to the best of my judgment and the mc£ 
which this place afforded. Four six-pounders, together with all the J 
plcmcnts, have been mounted and completed, as also four caisson* 
light ammunition carriages, on Toupard's plan, to accompany the pie* 
in their movements from point to point and supply them in action. T" 
Howitzers, which were much to be desired, were not to be had. Amoia 
other improvements in the use of Flying Artillery the old method 
carrying the men on the caissons, Gun carriages, and draught horses 1 
been universally exploded both in Europe and America. The men ; 
mounted on horses, armed with sabres ami pistols, and occasionally \j 
form the duties of cavalry both in masking the movements of the gL 
and repelling the assaults of hostile cavalry. Hence it becomes nee 
sary to train the men to the proper use of their horses not only in mas 
and assault, but also to instruct them in the mode of arranging tls 
horses when dismounted to form batterv for action, and in mounti 
pursuing, and forming around their pieces, either on advance, change 1 
position, or retreat. This a species of discipline no otherwise to 
gained than by the use of horses; and as the company had been forn " 
under an understanding that horses would be furnished for their usir 
the public expense (the men themselves, or the greater part of them,i 
having horses), I had the honor of addressing a letter to you on the 22 
of September through the Deputy Adjutant-General, stating the nee* 
sity of horses to discipline the corps under my command and pray« 
for instructions as to the mode of procuring them. In reply to whi 
the Deputy Adjutant states that "with respect to horses, it is propos 


that you make some arrangement for procuring them by hire." In con- iai3. 
sequence of which, horses have been hired for several musters, amount- j^ ° m ' n0 nd 
ins to a sum about $120 — as stated by the Lieutenant who, during my 
absence and confinement by indisposition, commanded on those occa- 
sions. On this subject I beg to be informed whether I am authorized to 
draw for the past horse hire; as also whether the authority to procure 
horses for the disciplining of the corps is to be understood by me as con- 

There is another subject of serious consequence to this corps, as well 
as to the public interest in the property committed to their care. Much 
of the equipment of the corps is composed of Articles not only liable to 
great injury from exposure to the weather, but very easily destroyed by 
any designing person so as to render the whole corps entirely ineffective, 
as you will perceive by a description of the articles hereto annexed. 

The only shelter as yet provided for these equipments is an old 
wooden shell of a house, a mere shed affording no security adequate to 
so interesting an object. I submit it to the Executive whether sixty feet 
of the stone warehouse, belonging to the publick, can be more advanta- 
geously employed than in the preservation of these expensive and 
highly important accoutrements. 

It will be perceived by the annexed list that pillions (substitutes for 
saddles) for mounting the mutrosses have been made at the Penitentiary. 
Will there be any objection to having an equal number of cheap bridles 
made at the same place? 

I am, (V.C. 

Ust referred to in the above letter to show the liabilitv of the Articles 
to injury from weather and destruction by mischievious persons : 4 
f'Uns, mounted complete, implements, amongst others, haversacks, 
l«>uches, belt sponges, slow match, &c. etc. 

There being 4 horses to each gun-carriage and caisson, there are 32 
sets of harness complete, 40 Bricolcs — com [msec! of leather, belt, and 
n*!* (substitute for the drop rope exploded in Fly'g Artillery) — 4 Pro- 
Jongcs, chief material Rope, 80 leather pillons (Fly'g Artillery Saddles; 
for mounted troops. 

Besides, which there are the ram-rods, scoops, sponges, lin-stocks, port 
tire-stocks, &c., <fcc., from their form and nature very easily so injured as 
to he rendered useless. 

M. J. Freeland to Wm. W. IIenino. 

1 have had a meeting of the Light Infantry of the 100th Regiment. \ ov . 17 
an «l 2nd Battalion under my command, and they are anxious to he ,?ont Creek 
Guled into service this winter if there are men wanting. I am at your 


1813. service at all times, and should be glad to get orders to march by the 

Ben^Creek ^* n °^ next mon * ,n - I a ^ 8 ° w * s h y ou *° inform me in the event of my 
being called for, if the men from this country, now in requisition, would 
not be allowed to go with me if they thought proper. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. B. GUles to tiie Governor. 

Nov. 20 The letter of the 8th of June last, which you did me the honor to put 
under cover to me, addressed to the Senators and Representatives of 
Virginia in Congress, with its accompany men ts. was duly received, and 
its contents most respectfully considered. 

I lost no time after its receipt in calling a meeting of the Gentlemen 
to whom it was addressed, and laying the letter before them with the 
accompanying documents. 

After due consideration of the subjects to which the papers referred, 1 
was requested by the meeting to name three Gentlemen of the House oi 
Representatives, who were requested in conjunction with myself, to call 
on the Secretary for the department of war, and make such representation 
to him on the part of the State of Virginia as the occasion appeared to- 
require; and to advise with him as to the course most proper to be j»v* r * 
sued to effect the object the State had in view, which appeared to t^ lC 
meeting in all respects both just and equitable. 

Accordingly I nominated the honorable Messrs. Nelson, Breckenrid^ 
and Jackson, for the purpose aforesaid, and arranged a time and pln^ 
with the honorable Secretary for carrying into effect the object of "1^ ( 
meeting. These Gentlemen and myself accordingly did call on him, r».* H 
after mutual explanations, it was agreed, as T understood, both on l"* l! 
and our part, that, the principle contained in the first section of the ^* n 
closed copy of a bill which was afterwards reported to the Senate b^" 
committee of that body, should form the rule for adjusting the accou** - "* 1 
between the United States and the individual States, for all expenses 5 ' 
curred in calling forth the Militia of the individual States by the Execut ^ ] 
authorities thereof respectively, for the service of the United States. 

On the 22nd of June following, the bill passed the Senate unanimous* J. 
to the best of my recollection, without any other discussion than a pl^* ! 
and full statement of its principles and objects by the Chairman of "*- ^ 
committee who reported it. The provisions of this bill, I then thoupr^ 1 
and still hope, would answer all the objects your Excellency had in vi*^ v 
in making the communication to the Representatives of Virginia. 

After the unanimous sanction given to the principles of this bill 1 )V 
the Senate, it was confidently expected by its friends that they would ^ 
equally acceptable to the House of Representatives. But after so>nie 


considerable delay had been experienced in the proceedings of a Cora- 1813. 
mittee of that honorable body, to whom the bill had been referred, and, 
king informed that some indisposition to rejwrting the bill had been 
manifested by the committee, I took the liberty of calling on the chair- 
man of that Committee for information in that respect, and had the 
mortification to learn from him that serious objections had been made to 
the principles of the bill, and doubts were entertained of its ultimate 
fate in the House of Representatives. I was also surprised at receiving 
from the honorable chairman some general intimations that the provis- 
ions of the bill were not altogether acceptable to the War Department, 
particularly at that time. I was the more surprised at these intimations, 
liecatise I certainly understood the honorable Secretary as yielding his 
assent at least to the principles of the first section of the bill, as I pre- 
sume all the other Gentlemen did who were associated with me in con- 
ferring with him on the occasion. The other sections of the.bill were of 
subordinate importance, and would have been readily dispensed with by 
its friends if the object of the first section could have been obtained. I 
think it not improbable that the war department was at that time labor- 
ing under some unusual restraints in its disbursements which might 
have had some influence on these transactions. These, if they existed 
at all, I hope were of a temporary nature, and that they either have been 
removed, or will be removed, before the end of the next session of Con- 
gress. The honorable chairman of the committee, however, after hear- 
ing the considerations, urged on my part in favor of the bill, agreed to 
report it, and submit to the House the ultimate decision upon it. The 
report of the Committee was not taken up until the 31st of July, when 
the bill was left in an undecided state, and remained so until the rising 
of 'Congress, which took place on the 2nd of August following: Sunday 
being the intervening day. I should have made this communication at 
j m earlier day, Sir, had not the business continued undecided until, the 
rising of Congress, and since that period I have been unable, until very 
recently, to possess myself of the journals of the two Houses, and the 
enclosed copy of the bill to which T have now referred for facts and 
dates, and at this time I have been thus particular in my representa- 
tions, as well because I wished to afford your Excellency and the Gene- 
ral Assembly the best means of judging of the prospects of passing the 
bill during the approaching session of Congress, as because I knew the 
solicitude your Excellency felt and the just expectations of the General 
Assemblv on the occasion. I cannot conclude this letter without assur- 


^P you, Sir, that T derived the highest gratification from observing the 
dignified, liberal, and correct views of the claims of the State which 
y°ur Excellency presented to the honorable Secretary for the department 
°f War, and of the very able and lucid arguments employed by Messrs. 
Mercer and Campbell concerning them, and it is but justice to those 



1813. Gentlemen to observe that if any discussion had been found necessary 
before the Sennte, I should have derived very great aid from their repre- 
sentations in relation to the subject with which your Excellency had the 
goodness to favor the Representatives of Virginia. 

I am, <fcc. 


To amend the act entitled "an act to provide for calling forth the militia 
to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and rej>el in- 
vasions, ami to repeal the act now in force for those purposes." 

P>e it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, That whenever the 
militia, or any part thereof, shall be called forth by the legal Authority 
of any State or Territory within the United States to repel invasion, the 
President of the United States, on receiving from the Executive of such 
State or Territory information thereof, and of the number of officers, 
non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates (so called forth), may, 
if he should deem it proper, consider them in the service of the United 
States from the time of being called forth. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that the militia of any State or 
Territory shall, while in the actual service of the United States, be fur- 
nished with ammunition and flints by any officer of the United States 
who may have such under his care, on the requisition of the command- 
ing officer of such militia, and in case there should be no officer of the 
United States in the vicinity having under his care such articles, then 
the commanding officer of such militia may cause the same to be pur- 
chased on the most reasonable terms, and his certificate shall be a 
voucher sufficient to authorize the commissary General of purchases or 
his deputy, in the State or Territory to which such militia may l»elong, 
to pay the cost thereof. And it shall be the duty of the officer com- 
manding such militia, on being discharged from the service of the United 
States, to deliver all the ammunition and flints which had not been ex- 
pended, to the officer by whom the same had been furnished, or to any 
other officer of the United States who may be authorized to receive them; 
and if the same had been purchased, to take under his care all that had 
not been expended, and report the amount of the several articles to the 
Secretary of War of the United States, who may order the same to be 
delivered to any officer of the United States authorized to receive the 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That this act be and continue in 
force during the continuance of the present war between the Unite 


States of America and their Territories and the United Kingdom of 1813. 
Great Britain and Ireland and the dependencies thereof. 

St?c. 4. And l>e it further enacted, That the sum of five hundred 
Thousand Dollars he, and the same is herehy, appropriated to carry into 
effect the provisions of this act, to he paid out of any monies in the 
treasury not otherwise appropriated. 

1813, June 22. Read the third time and passed the Senate. 

AiiraiiaxM Bradley, Ju'r, to the Governor. 

It has heen judged expedient to station an agent at Windmill Point, Nov. 23, 
at the mouth of the Rappahannock, to watch the motions of the enemy p^Mlk-e 
and to rej>ort them. That agent is Mr. William Lamhert, and by advice 
of the Secretary of State I have directed him to make a regular report, 
by mail and by express, when the importance or urgency of the occasion 
shall require it, to you or to such person as you may designate. 

I am, &c. 

Ki>w'i> Jones, Lt-Col., and all the other Officers of the 
IOOtii Kku't, to the Aiuutant-General. 

The undersigned oflicers of the 100th Regiment, of the 4th Brigade, of Nov. 29, 
tlit» 1st Division, have heard with astonishment that in the call of the k«, Vjff" 
Militia into service, Officers have been selected by arbitrary rule. Cap- 
tains of Infantry and volunteer companies under the requisition of the 
19th of April, 1812, have not been called into service with the men put 
under their command and composing their companies; or if called, dis- 
missed from the service by an organization of the Militia unknown to 
our laws. We did suppose that the senior officers of the Battalions, 
ltegimcnti?, Brigades, and Divisions from which the soldiers were taken 
would be called ; that the oflicers of Volunteer Companies as constituent 
lmrtsof these companies were to be put in service and continued with 
their men. We believe this rule has hitherto been inviolate. We can 
»ot see the propriety of substituting for it discretion. It is well known 
that the oflicers give character to an army. If then the Executive or any 
"ther authority may take officers from the militia at pleasure and exclude 
such as are obnoxious, the army will be always composed of persons 
who will favor the views of those who constituted it. If the department, 
JWrned by discretion in forming the army, be actuated by a wish to 
advance the best interests of the State and possess genius to facilitate its 
views, much benefit may be expected ; but if corrupt motives or igno- 
rance influence the people, have everything to fear, and thus instead of 


1813. relying for safety on the texture of our Government and laws, our inter- 

Backing- ^^ are conilu >** e d *° a department governed by its own discretion, or 
ham Co. what is the same thing, the law of Tyrant*. 


The same policy that reserves to the States respectively, the appoint- 
ment of Militia officers, directs that some better rule than the will of any 
department should be observed in calling the officers into service. We 
have heard that a vindication is sought in the general ignorance of the 
officers, but di>es such a pretext supercede the right of every officer to be 
tried for inability? Where is the justice of passing upon men of whose 
qualities you are ignorant or the legality of assuming a power dis|>ens- 
ing with Court Martials? Our laws declare that volunteers shall be 
called into service by entire Companies. By what rule is it that the 
officers are left at home or dismissed when called, whilst their men *re 
retained under the command of Strangers? 

We have heard that the militia when called into service are organized 
into Comjttnies of 100 men, commanded by a Captain, four Subalterns 
and eleven non-com missioned officers, and that officers who command 
full comianics uuder the organization of the Militia prescribed by a Is**" 
of Congress and the laws of Virginia, and who were in requisition uucte r 
the orders of April, 1812, are sent home by the commanding officers? && 
su|iernumcrary, and this is done by order of the War department of tl* e 
l"n i Uil States. 

Bv what authoritv are four Subalterns created? How can the Exec* 11 " 
live is>ue commissions to till otliccs unknown to any legal organizati<-> n 
of our Militia, or call our suUdterns to ad in an illegal character? It I 5 * 
said to be cxjK-dieiit to organize the Militia anew and allot the men * u 
the command of stringers to induce the necessary rigors of discipline- 

Tyrants alone lind an ex|n.-diencv in the violation of the laws of th**' r 
country. Even if the laws gave a dixretion. it could not l«c exi>cdi«--i |1 
to ap|ioint men to conuiTand U|»on the principle that they would * >e 
obeyed from any oilier motive in the soldiery than a sense of dutv. f° T 
fear is the spirit anil support o( desj>otism. In our eyes sacred' princi- 
ples have been violated. We well know that the public ginnl reipiii*"^ 
harmony, but our foreign relations shall never shield the demerits of * » l,r 
public sonants. The constitution of the United State* ve>ts in Coimr*^-- 
the power to organize the militia: this jmwer Congress has exercised. 

The war department of the United States has changed the law of C« * 11 " 
gre^s. and the Executive »»f Virginia have submitted to a change \vh i*"' 1 
contravenes the established laws oi the land and the Constitution of *!** 
United States. We are strangers to the i*Viicv of di>]*ensing with t 11 *" 
provisions of our constitution and laws. If tin- war de|iartiiient u*-*- 
exercise one ]»ower of Congress on the sa*r.e principle it mav assu* ,lC 
any other or al'. the lowers of Congress, and if the Executive of V~* r " 
ginia submit to one invasion, the same pliancy of principle will go **' 


ny length. We deny that our foreign relations require submission to a 1813. 
iolation of our constitution and laws. We believe the spirit and re- ^^i\na. 
ources of the people of the United States amply sufficient to defy all ham Co. 
)reign aggression. If the critical state of our foreign relations requires 
arraony, it is the duty of that authority to recede that has transcended 
s powers. 

In opposing all infringements upon the Constitution and Laws of our 
ountry, we see harmony and union ; in submission to encroachments 
1 them, discord and disunion. 

Resolved, therefore, as the opinion of the undersigned officers, that any 
partment that alleges a necessity arising from the state of our foreign 
domestic situation, to submit to an encroachment on our Constitution 
d laws, utters a calumny on the spirit and resources of the good people 
the United States. 

Resolved, that the foregoing remonstrance be published in some paj>er 
the City of Richmond. 

John A. S. Anderson to the Governor. 

Having lately had the honor of commanding a company of Riflemen Nov. 30, 

:ing in the character of spies and attached in Col. Johnstons Corps, ^ % ^^° n * 

d anxious to devote my life and services against the common enemy, 

dertake to write to your Excellency on the subject. 

Some of my friends here who are acquainted with your character, en- 

urage me to hope that services of such a company would be useful in 

rginia, and that your Excellency would favor an application for bring- 

» such men from a sister State into service. I am, therefore, induced 

make a tender of the services of myself and one hundred expert active 

fleinen, all to be well mounted, and we shall ask no more than is cus- 

:nary to be given such corps. 

The Company will be ready to leave this State wfthin Thirty days after 

e favorable answer shall be received and such arrangements made as 

iv be proper, and I can venture to assure your Excellency that the 

m who will accompany me, without a single exception, will do equal 

►nor to the service and to our own State. 

I am, &c. 

ich'd F. Taylor and Edward Pe<jram, Jr., to the Governor. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Petersburg, from the defenceless Dec. 5, 
ate of that place (a consequence of its exertions in support of the War) Petersburg 
id the return of the enemy to the neighborhood of Hampton Roads, 



1813. think themselves imperiouslj 7 called upon by every consideration dear to 
i^'imrff them to guard against surprize or attack. For the attainment of this* 
desired object, they have deputed us to the Executive of the State with 
instructions to make the following requests : 

1st. That (if possible) Fort Powhatan be immediately put into the 
best possible state for defence, and liberally furnished with the necessary 
munitions, dc guerre ct de bouche. 

2. That the militia of the Town of Petersburg, and the Artillery, par- 
ticularly, be immediately furnished with a supply of Ball cartridge. 

3. That a detachment from the militia of the adjoining counties, not 
heretofore called upon, be stationed in or near the Town, or its citizen* 
now on duty in or near Norfolk be permitted to return. 

4th. That arms and ammunition may he furnished for 150 regulars of 
the 35th Reg't, U. S. Troops, about to be ordered to Petersburg, to 1ms 
used by them while they remain there. 

5. That if more cannot be obtained, the Artillery of Petersburg tijaj 
be authorized or ordered to take possession of the Fort for its better de- 
fence, and that it be forthwith furnished with all necessary munition^ 
particularly gun-carriages, which are respectfully submitted by us. 

We are, &c. 

James McDowell (H. G.) to the Governor. 

Dec. 7, 1 lost no time in laving before Genl. Taylor the communication to i* ft 

Norfolk | rom vour honorable body the Council of State, relative to the four ln*^ 11 

of the guard of prisoners at Richmond, who were in a helpl*-*^ 

state, and whom your honorable body had ordered provision for uu*^*-* 1 * 

the management of Major Pryor. 

The General's answer to my personal application with regard to tli*-*** 1 ' 
men you have enclosed. I confess I have been puzzled to know what. |2> 
meant by the distinction, United States service and State service. 1^' ,c 
U. States are engaged in war with Great Britain; each of them are 1km i 11C 
to contribute their share? of force, &c., for the general good in its prose~*^" u " 
tion. The partial application of that force, and the necessity for lt,r> 
operation falling more heavily according to incidental circumstances 4 - >l1 
one part of the Union than another, gives clearly a claim for credit ° 
service and remuneration of expenditure by the State supplying C-* lf 
means to meet the incidental exigency. How then can it be consider~*^* 
that the Soldier called out by State authority for the defence of its sho ^"^ 
and repulsion of the commou enemy has no claim on the United Sta'*- 4-7 
for protection, supply of his wants and just claims. It is unfortun£T»- 
that this question arises at this critical period, or that it should ever 

made one. 

I am, &c. 


Norfolk, Oth December, 1818. 1813. 

iderstanding from your statement that some men alluded to in the 
f Council were part of the troop under your command, in the 
of the State, and never in the service of the United States, I regret 
im not authorized to make any provision for them. As an officer 
service of the United States, I have no power to provide for any 
t>ut those recognized as heing in the service of the General Gov- 

j leave to remark that the custody of prisoners does not devolve 
Military commander in the service of the U. S., hut on the Mar- 
f the District, who will, I presume, provide for the accommo- 
of the Guard he has received from the State authorities. 

I have the honor to he, 

Very Respectfully, 

Your mo. obed't Ser't, 

Robert Taylor, B. Gen'l. 

Wm. Gray to the Governor. 

timing that some ofheial communication may be necessary as to 
t of the death of Brigad'r General John Guerrant, to enable your 
sney to communicate the same to the Legislature, which perhaps 
[ye the duty of the sen'r Lt. Col. Com'd't, hut he residing at a dis- 
[ have thought it not improper in me, having a knowledge of the 
announce to vou that he died on the 7th instant. 

T am, tfce. 

John W. Eppes to the Governor. 

ng the subjects which will occupy the attention of Congress Dec. 14^ 
the present session, a revision of the Militia Laws is one rendered Richmond 
rly interesting to Virginia from the expenditures already incurred 
e certainty that from our exposed situation these expenditures 
e considerable during the continuance of the war. The opinion 
ined by members of the Legislature of Virginia, that a considera- 
tion of these expenditures will be thrown ultimately on the State, 
dated, I fear, to produce feelings which may have an important 
an on our future exertions and impair that confidence in the 
stration which, during the present period of pertf and danger, 
patriot ought to cherish. 




1813. The President in his message recommends "regulation under due pre- 

Washimrton cau ^ on f° r defraying the expence incident to the first assembling as well •*>* 
D. C. as the subsequent movements of detachments called into the National 
service." I have heard that the expenditures in Virginia not already 
allowed are principally of this kind. If a law shall pass providing in 
future for these expences, we shall attempt to give to it a retrospective 
operation so as completely to cover all expenses of this kind already in- 
curred. In order to do justice to the claims of Virginia and engraft on 
the law a provision to meet them, it would be important to know, 1st, 
Their amount. 2. The objects for which the expences have been incurred. 
In speaking of the amount, I mean only to include such claims as I £ 
the accounting officers either have not allowed, or may scruple to allow 
under the existing laws. If I had seen your correspondence on this 
sulyect with the Executive of the United States, it would not be necee- 
cessary to give you this trouble. Nothing, however, but your message 
has reached us. The documents accompanying it, if printed, have not |*. 
appeared in the Newspapers. The embargo recently passed here, added 
to the Taxes, will produce a severe pressure on the community. 

The assumption of the direct Tax by the State, which would effectually 
prevent this pressure, will, I fear, be defeated by the apprehension *t 
present entertained by members of the Virginia Legislature that prompt 
and adequate provision will not be made by the Federal Government f° r 
refunding to Virginia the expences incurred in calling out the militia. 

For my own part, I feel confident that these expenses cannot be re- 
fused without a violation of the Federal compact under which eacn 
State has surrendered its resources, to be employed for the good of tl> € 
whole. If from the circumstance of our having heretofore few calls f° T 
militia, our laws are defective, we will amend them. If, under these de- 
fective laws, ample justice cannot be done to Virginia by the Accounting 
officers, I feel a confidence in saying that her claims will be provided f° r 
in a spirit of liberality by Congress. 

A General Resolution providing for expenses incurred by the States in 
calls of the militia, has been referred to the Committee on the part* ° 
the President's message to that subject. I find the other members fr° llD 
Virginia as little acquainted with the nature of her claims as myself. 

Any information which your leisure will enable you to furnish me °** 
this subject, will be very acceptable, and probably enable me to secure 
Virginia, for expenses already incurred, the benefit of the general p> 
vision contemplated. 

All your friends here have seen, with great pleasure, the honorav 
testimony you have recently received of the continued and undine * *^ 
ished confidence of your fellow-citizens. Accept my friendlj' wishes * 
your health. 

I am, Ac. 



t* by Officer** of Appointment* in the Qtrrp* to be raised far the 

defence of Virginia. 


luncc. - - - 
iton Mercer, 

■lemming, - - 

ror, - - - - 

[Titan ugh, - - 

tegcr, - - - 

larke, - - - 

lerford, - - - 

imp bell, - - 

ig, Ju'r, - - - 

Spiller, - - - 

C. Staiiard, - - 

le, - - - - 

ubbs, - - - 

tt, ... - 

. Field, - - - 

;helle, - - - 

unders, Ju'r, - 

on, Ju'r, - - 

asley, - - - 

Smith. - - - 

jrreer, - - - 

hnson, - - - 

ing field, - - - 

udley, - - - 

intland, Ju'r, - 

!*yrd, - - - 

^roan, - - - 

tries, Ju'r, - - 

Braxton, - - 

Heath, - - - 

Peebles, - - - 

Tay, Ju'r, - - 
i. Crawford, 

ilvage, - - - 

loyster, - - - 

Morgan, - - 

eriwether, - - 

Jler, - - - - 

ishback, Ju'r, - 

stead, - - - 

Viylor, - - - 

nith, - - - - 

S. Cary, - - 

idolph, - - - 

vis, - - - - 


' ~ ~~ 


** ^"" ~ 

^ ~ 



Col. C 




March 12th. 









































































































1st Lieut. 





































































! u 



































































































































































John Taylor to the Governor. 

1814. My son, Lt. Taylor, having departed from Boston on another cruise in 

Jannary 5, searcn f ^) ie enemies of his country, has requested me to communicate 

City to you his desire that the sword which he had the honor of being voted 

him by the Legislature of Virginia, and of which you so very handsomely 

informed him, may he forwarded by some safe conveyance to me at the 

City of Washington; that in case he should fall in his country's cause, 

he may leave it among his friends, as a token of his devotion to the 

cause of his country, and of the honor conferred on him by the Virginia 


I am, &c. 

W. Jones (Acting Sec'y of Treasury) to the Governor. 

January 10, I have had the honor this day to receive your letter of the 8th instant, 
IVmrtJnent n °My ni K the intention of the State of Virginia to pay ita quota of the 
Direct Tax, and accompanied with a cop}* of the act of that State, "pro- 
viding for payment of that part of the Direct Tax of the United States 
which was apportioned to the Commonwealth of Virginia." 

I have the honor, &c. 

A. Sinclair (Capt. U. S. N.) to the Governor. 

January 16, Yours of the 15th Inst, has been received, enclosing a copy of the 
Richmond Resolutions of the General Assembly of Virginia, in which they have 
rewarded beyond my merits the small service* I have rendered in the 
cause of the late contests on Lake Ontario, while led to battle by that 
distinguished and gallant officer, Commodore Chaunccy. I can more 
easily appreciate the honor done me in the present instance than I can 
find language expressive of my feelings. To merit the approbation of 
my country has ever been the first and most ardent wish of my heart, 
and to have succeeded so far as to gain that of my native State is a source 
of infinite gratification. The truly patriotic spirit site has always mani- 
fested, especially in the course of the present just and righteous war, 
gives additional importance and effect to praise bestowed by her repre- 
sentatives. The public and honorary manner it has pleased them to 
adopt of bestowing that praise on me, will always be remembered as an 
excitement to unremitting exertions to deserve it ; while to you, Sir, my 
warmest thanks are due for the polite and flattering manner in which 

you have made the communication. 

I am, &c 


Tuo. IIunton (Major Cav'y) to the Governor. 

I do myself the honor to write a private letter on a subject which I 1814. 
presume will be acted on by the Executive of this State in a short time. Norfolk * 

In a conversation with General Taylor he suggested the propriety of 
my recommending a Troop of Cavalry to supply the place of one whose 
term of service here has nearly expired (Capt. Sandford's from Halifax). 
I beg leave to name Capt. Grigsby's of Fauquier County. It is large and 
respectable, composed of active, sprightly young men, generally in good 
circumstances, well uniformed. 

I have understood the Capt. has complained of his being overlooked 
heretofore. In fact there is no troop within my knowledge that is not 
in service better calculated to meet an invading foe and avenge their 
country's wrongs. It is not wished or expected that the information 
communicated will have any influence, provided your attention has been 
directed to any other suitable Troop. 

The improvement in discipline since I reached this place has been un- 
exampled, which is to be ascribed to the arduous exertions of the Com- 
manding General, who is pre-eminently qualified to instruct. 

We are, &c. 

W. Camp (Lt.-Col. ComVt 21st Reu't) to the Governor. 

In consequence of the 21st Ueg't being nearly broken up by the num- February 1, 
l>er of Volunteer Companies which have been made up in this Reg't — County** 
siy two companies of Infantry, one of Cavalry, and three of Artillery, 
Waving only one company of the Line compleat and two others that 
have less than forty men in them — should it meet with your Excellency's 
approbation, I wish those companies converted into Riflemen, as a com- 
pany of that description in our County would be very efficient and of 
Sreat value to us. 

Mr. Ha wood, who is the bearer of this, held a Captaincy in this Reg't, 
but resigned in consequence of his company's being broken by those 
volunteers that have been raised from it, and since has undertaken to 
raise a company of Riflemen, which I find he can do without difficulty. 
I therefore undertake to recommend to your notice Mr. Hawood as a 
man well qualified to discharge the duties attached to the command of a 
company, as I have ever found him ready to serve his country with that 
alacrity and promptitude which distinguish the Patriot. 

1 am, &c. 


1814. Resolutions of committee of Vigilance of the City of Richmond on a 

tebruary3 me morial of the Mayor of Petersburg, earnestly soliciting co-operation 
in the endeavour to induce the State authorities to provide for the repair 
and proper equipment of Fort Powhatan as the best protection to Peters- 
burg and Richmond, enumerating the variety and value of property 
exposed to capture by the enemy, are filed. 

Ricuard Brent to tub Governor. 

February 11, 1 have received communications from a great number of gentlemen of 
Washington ^ e ^ fQ ^ res p ec tability in the lower counties of the Northern Neck of 
Virginia, describing with great sensibility the deplorable and unprotected 
state of that part of the Country in consequence of the Militia of that 
section of country being carried away to Norfolk. These representations 
were made to me with a view that I should make some communication 
to the Executive of the U. S. on the subject. I have done so, but am 
advised by the Executive that application on this head should be made to 
the Executive of Virginia, with whom alone the power to redress this 
grievance resides. I therefore take the liberty to address you on this 
interesting subject, and to assure you that from my intimate local know- 
ledge of that quarter of the State I can satisfy you that the situation of 
the white inhabitants is dangerous and alarming in the extreme. Situated 
on a narrow neck of land reaching out to a great length, and bounded by 
two large navigable rivers, they are constantly exposed to the ravages of 
our enemies. Considerations which become more formidable when we 
take into the element the large proportion of negro population which 
appertains to that feeble frontier of our State — in a word when all cir- 
cumstances are duly weighed it seems to me that independent of its own 
Militia it stands almost as much in need of troops drawn from abroad 
for its protection as Norfolk itself. 

I am, &c. 

James Williams (Major Comdt.) to the Governor. 

February 15, 1° compliance with the general orders that I received from the Deputy 
Petersburg Adjutant General on the 2nd of November last, directing me to discharge 
all the men in Fort Powhatan excepting a non-commissioned officer and 
twelve men ; and as there was not any United States Troops present, I 
detailed a sergeant's guard ; their term of service having expired this day, 
I deem it necessary to call on you for instructions how these men are to 
be replaced by others, or to inform Col. Selden in what manner to act. 


I will add that there is in Fort Powhatan Five Eightecns, twelve 1814. 

twelves, four sixes, and one four pounder, all mounted ; and there are p^^burL 5, 

three sets of wheels that were sent from this place for six pounders. 

Should it meet your approbation, you will send the guns and carriages 

and have them mounted also. 

I am, <&c. 

City of Richmond, Feb. 16th, 18 H. 

The Hoard of Vigilance of this City respectfully acknowledge the sen- 
timents they entertain of the promptitude and zeal manifested by the 
Hon'ble the Chief Magistrate and Council of State in their adoption of 
measures which they trust will eventuate in giving to the Fort Powhatan 
an aspect so formidable, as should it not induce the enemy to abandon 
hi* probable designs against it, may so check them as to afford the citi- 
zens of the rich and flourishing Towns of this place and Petersburg with 
those of the circumjacent country time sufficient to repel their farther 
devastating incursions. 

The course that this important subject has taken being sufficient to 
assure us that an immediate communication will by your Hon'ble Body 
beoj>ened with the General Government. 

We take the liberty of recommending the active and intelligent Mr. 
Hichard Bate as the bearer of such communication, which we are informed 
he is willing to undertake. The laudable zeal which Mr. Date has evinced 
°n the subject, and his knowledge of the ground on which the Fort is 
erected, as well as the adjacent country, may enable him to give expla- 
nations on this subject at Washington, which may contribute to advance 
the object we have so much at heart, and we have no doubt that if the 
purpose of the resolution of the House of Delegates should succeed, that 
those who mav have the direction of the works at Fort Powhatan would 
hnd an useful auxilliary in the ardour and intelligence of Mr. Bate. 

General Order*. Adjutant-Genekal's Office, 

Richmond, 17th of February, 1814. 

In compliance with a requisition on the Militia of this State, made by 
"*c Commanding General at Norfolk, to supply the place of those whose 
term of service will expire in the month of March next, the Con una nd- 
an tsof the 4th and 12th Brigades will detail the following proportions 
°* Infantry of the line: 

Prom the 4th Brigade— 1 Colonel, 1 Major, 2 Captains, 12 Lieut's, 5 
** n *igns, 22 Sergeants, 26 Corporals, 8 musicians. 410 Privates. 

From the 12th Brigade— 1 Colonel, 1 Major, 4 Captains, 12 Lieut's, 3 
En 8igns, 18 Sergeants, 22 Corporals, 8 musicians, 367 Privates. 


1814. In making the above detail a due pro{>ortion will be taken from the 

Light Infantry. 

The following Volunteer Companies will also take the field — viz. : 

Capt. Wm. Morris's Company of Artillery, Frederick. 

Henry M'Clung's Do. Do. Rockbridge. 

Wm. Smith's Do. Do. Washington. 

Capt. James Mason's Company of Riflemen, Berkeley. 

Joseph Mawze's Do. Do. Rockingham. 

Isaac Vanhorn's Do. Do. Frederick. 

Sam'l Hawkins Do. Do. Shenandoah. 

Henry St. John Dixon's Do. Washington. 

John Cole's Company of Light Infantry, Albemarle. 

The whole will proceed to Norfolk and report themselves to the Com- 
manding General at that post. Those called from counties below the 
Rlue Ridge will arrive by the 8th of March next, and those from Coun- 
ties beyond, by the 16th of March. 

The Commandants of detachments will on their march impress ferry 
l>oats and use toll-bridges in crossing streams and grant certificates of 
the same, stating what they consider to be reasonable compensation for 
the use of such boats or bridges. The Infantry will go unarmed to Nor- 
folk, where they will be supplied from the public arsenals. Such of the 
Riflemen as have public arms will go armed and accoutred in the best 
manner practicable. It is very desirable that the Volunteer Companies 
be full to the utmost limit allowed by the laws of this State, which is 75 
privates, exclusive of commissioned and non-commissioned officers. 

All claims to exemption from duty must be made before a Regimental 
Court Martial to be held for the purpose of hearing excuses. Tne men 
will bo mustered and inspected by the Adjutant of the Regiment or some 
otlicer specially appointed by the Commandant as mustering officer, who, 
together with the officer commanding the Company, and the Regimental 
Surgeon, must sign the muster roll and be responsible for its correctness. 
Three sets of Muster rolls must be made out for each Company, forms of 
which are herewith sent. Let the column of names be filled first with, 
the commissioned officers according to rank, then with the non-commis- 
sioned officers and musicians, and lastly with the privates in alphabetical 
order. In the columns for names present, let the names of those in tlie 
first column be repeated where they are actually present and pass inspec- 
tion ; and under the head of Remarks, «&c, let such facts be noted as are 
worthy of Remark, and have occurred in relation to any one of them 
opposite his name. It must also be noted whether he be a substitute or 
not. One copy of the Muster roll, when complete must be forwarded to 
this office, another retained for the use of the commanding officer of *^ e 
Company in making out his pay roll, <fec, and the third for the Con- 


manding General at Norfolk. Capt. Joseph Wheaton, Assistant Deputy 1814. 
Quarter Master General at this place will furnish the necessary means 
of transportation, forage, &c, and make arrangements for the supply of 
provisions, <fcc, on the march. 

By order Claiborne W. Gooch, 1). A. G. for 

Moses Green, A. G. 

(4. W. Campbell to the Governor. 

On the 10th day of January last your letter of the 8th of that month Fchruary 18, 

was received at this Department, enclosing an act of the State of Vir- T / ,rre 2? !lry 4 
... * ' ° Department 

ginia directing the payment on or before the 10th day of the present 
month of the quota of that State of the Direct Tax imposed by the Act 
of Congress of the 2nd of August, 1813. 

No information of the payment having been actually made has been 
received at this Department, and I am therefore induced to enquire 
whether the act of the State of Virginia has been carried into effect, or 
what measures are proposed to be taken under it. 

I am, &c. 

• J. Preston to the Governor. 

I have written to the Secretary of the U. S. Treasury and informed February 21 
'"ni that the sum which the Legislature of Virginia assumed to pay the 
^ e neral Government as her quota of the direct tax, is in the Treasury 
Hiihject to his order, and I have suggested a plan by which it shall pass 
mto the U. S. Treasury, or to the credit of the U. S. with the Farmers 
"*nli of Virginia. 

I regret that my painful indisposition has deprived me of the honor 
°* the personal interview'you were pleased to propose. 

I am, &c. 

James Madison (Pres't U. S.) to the Governor. 

^Vour letter of the 17th Inst., accompanied by a Resolution of the February 26, 
™**\ise of Delegates of Virginia, has been duly received. Washington 

-An Engineer has been designated to make a further examination and 
re VK>rt with respect to Fort Powhatan, and it is intended to strengthen its 
w °rks and to place therein a suitable Garrison. 

Accept assurances of my consideration and esteem. 


Rob't Greenhow to the Governor. 

1814. Whether what I now take the liberty of submitting is worth more 

F R^h Bry d*' tnan tne ^ nie an( * ^ rou ^^ e y° u W *H consume in its perusal, I know not; 
but influenced by motives which love for my country dictates, I cannot 
forbear giving you a detail of some communications that were made me 
by a Friend in Williamsburg, who believes the facts stated to be true. 

A person who had every reason to believe that a number of his negroes 
were on board the British fleet, obtained a Flag and went on board tlie 
ship commanded by Com. Barry. While there the Commodore deigned 
to enter into unreserved converse with him on the course that would l>e 
pursued the succeeding summer. He frankly acknowledged that Infamy 
and disgrace had been attached to their proceedings in the Chesapeake 
during the last campaign. 

That not an officer belonging to the British Squadron would continue 
thus ingloriously to hold his post should such a mode of warfare be con- 
tinued. That we might rest very well assured its effects would be very 
materially felt under the control of the commander who was to succeed 
the one now in office, and to do us individually and collectively **** 
political enemies all the harm he could, would be the principles frocn 
which nothing would induce him to swerve. 

That Cock burn was to be this Commander, and that we pretty wel* 
knew what his character was. and how he stood affected towards us. 

Soon after the arrival of a British fleet in the Chesapeake, and befor^ 
an }' orders had been given by the Commanding officer at Norfolk relativ*^ 
to the places when, and manner in which their Flags should be received -r 
this Cockburn, disguised as a common sailor on board one of them, lander* 
at one of the wharves of Norfolk, and possessed himself of every cir- 
cumstance relative to our state of defence and the means in our power 
to resist their attacks. 

Still further to show his enterprising spirit and determination to em- 
brace every opportunity to answer his ends however derogatory it might 
be to the character of an officer of his high grade, this friend, while I 
was in Williamsburg (from whence I returned in the last stage), stated 
what had been imparted to him as not to be doubted. 

A number of poor people living on the margins of those waters who 
derived support from fishing, were permitted to pursue their ordinary 
occupations, and of course were subject to frequent visitations from, the 
boats of the Squadron, who, with or without compensation, supplied 
themselves as they pleased with what they had taken. 

Cockburn (as the story goes) resolved to avail himself of this means 
of gaining information. Disguised again as a common seaman, he took 
the oar, placing a petty official at the Helm, rowed up to the fisherman's 
boat and ordered him instantly to disrobe himself, giving his own attire 


in place, directing the crew to take him on board and there to await his 1814. 

(Cockburn's) return. Assuming then the fisherman's dress, habits, &c, February 24, 

he paddled off towards the mouth of Elizabeth River, every now and 

then casting his anchor on the fishing grounds as he went on, and pre- 
tending to try his luck farther in that way until he reached the Constel- 
lation. When he got alongside he hailed with the accustomed Quere, 
Do you want fish on board ? The kind, price, <fcc., being enquired into 
and approved of, dispositions were made to conclude the traffic. Pend- 
ing the negotiations, he was constant in his admiration of the Frigate's 
structure: What a noble vessel she was; how superior to any of like 
sort the Enemy possessed he thought her ; that it was his own country's 
Ship; with a variety of such like expressions ; concluding with repeated 
wishes that he might be permitted to go on board and view the Interior. 
The officer hearing these reiterated observations, told him that under the 
direction of his superiors (to whom he communicated what had passed) 
he might be indulged ; to make fast his boat and come on board. 

It is needless further to descant on the subject. 

Your Excellency will readily conceive the arts that he practiced while 
on board to obtain all and every information he wished, to acquire. 
Suffice it to say that the object being attained, he soon resumed his sta- 
tion, restored the fisherman his boat and garb, giving perhaps a liberal 
compensation for his detention. 

This being the character of the man who is to direct the forces of 
Britain during the ensuing campaign, if a cessation of hostilities should 
not take place, we have every reason to expect that war in its most san- 
guinary and destructive shape will be waged against us. 

I am, <fec. 

Christopher Tompkins to the Governor. 

The enemy returned to Point Comfort on Sunday last after an absence March 3, 
°f ten days; their force is one Seventy-Four, one Brig and two schooners. Mathews Co. 
Whenever the weather will permit they are busily engaged in filling 
water. They use the Light House as a watch tower, from whence they 
CA ^\ see every person moving within three miles of the Point. 

We had been under an impression that the water on Point Comfort 
w *a salt, but I am informed by Gentlemen who have examined it in the 
absence of the enemy that it is excellent and in great abundance. I have 
no doubt that this will be their watering place during the war. 

Under this conviction I am compelled again to draw your serious atten- 
tion to the peculiar situation of the people of this county. Very few of 
out Militia are owners of slaves, but a large proportion of them have 

families who depend on the dailv labor of their Husbands and Fathers 



1814. for subsistance, and if we are not relieved by some regular force the dw- 

MathewsCo * ress w *^ * >e P reat - Whenever the Enemy are in our waters, there must 
be considerable force under arms or our citizens are exposed to pillage in 
every direction. 

I have had a consultation with Col. Gayle and some other officers and 
we were unanimously of opinion that 170 men is the least number 
necessary to mount a guard of 12 men at the most exposed points in the 
neighborhood of the enemy, and we have accordingly that number now 
on duty. They will be relieved by the remainder of our Militia in 8 
days, if the enemy remain so long. This arrangement will afford some 
relief to our citizens, and lessen the expense (as the men are drafted from 
all the companies in the Reg't with a set of officers to seventy men), but 
when the Militia are called out en masse we have nearly as many officers 
as men. But, Sir, would it not be better to organize a flying Camp of 
about 250 men for the protection of the Eastern Frontier? it would be 
much less expensive, much more effective, and afford more complete 
relief. One Company of Mounted Riflemen, one of Light Artillery and 
two of Infantry under an active officer would afford great relief to the 
inhabitants of this section of the State. The authority vested in the 
Lieut. Col. to call on adjacent Counties for aid does not afford us such 
relief as we want, for we have no intimation of the approach of an enemy 
until he is in our waters, and before aid could be drawn from a neighbor- 
ing County the County may be laid waste and the Enemy gone. A 
deserter has just come in from the Dragon who informs that Cockburn 
has arrived, and that the Dragon is taking in water to carry them to 

Cockburn has only brought with him three or four small vessels. 

I hope the plan I have taken the liberty to submit will meet your 
approbation. I don't mean those men should be stationed in Mathews 
or any other particular county, but to watch the movements of the 
Enemy and oppose them at every point. I am very certain much ex- 
pense will be saved to the Commonwealth. I shall take the liberty to 
communicate any important movement of the Enemy, and shall be ex- 
tremely pleased to learn of some plan for the relief of our harrassed 

I am, &c. 

Alexander Taylor to the Governor. 

March 7, Forwarding the resigned commission of Lieut. Rob. B. Cooke of the 
Petersburg Petersburg Republican Light Infantry, and asking that the resignation 

be accepted ; also recommending Mr. John Williams for appointment to 

the vacant Lieutenancy. 


W. Simmons to Wm. B. Giles. 

Agreeably to your request I have made enquiry of the Paymaster of 1814. 
the army whether the State of Virginia has rendered any account for jw***'* 8 ' t 
Ex]ienditures made for Militia services since the commencement of the of War 
War, and have been informed by that officer that none have been ren- 
dered to his office, and I have further to state that none have been ren- 
dered to this office. 

I aoi, &c. 

Christopher Tompkins to the Governor. 

Informing of the escape of nine negroes to the Enemy's ships and the March 8, 
difficulty of preventing such occurrences ; recommending again the Gloucester 
adoption of his or some other plan for the better protection of the people 
of Mathews Co. 

Tuos. It. Yeatman to Major C. Tompkins. 

I have just returned from Commodore Barrie's ship, and you expressed March 11, 
* desire that I should relate to you every thing that passed worthy of 9 Mnp p n ? a [ 
notice. My stay was shorter than it had been on my former trip, and Comfort 
ihorter than I could have wished, as my reception was kind, familiar and 
elegant. My having contracted an acquaintance with the officers of this 
ihip before, our conversation was unconstrained and frank on their part, 
>n mine you know it would have been fatal to be candid on any subject 
hat touched on our strength, discipline or resources. I enquired of 
Carrie the number of negroes that had come off from Mathews, he 
tnswered that thirteen had come two nights before — four of them from 
.he Haven, four from East River, and five from Black water. When he 
nentioned this last place he laughed and then added, u where your ship 
is." I pretended some little astonishment and ignorance. He then told 
me as much about my ship as I knew myself — that I was discharged 
about three weeks ago from camp and went home to finish and launch 
her — and that she was now ready to launch, and that I had not put the 
masts in for fear she might be discovered. 

I asked him if he had ever heard of her before those negroes had 
gone to him from Black water ? He replied that he had known of her 
several months, and that after I had been on board his ship the first 
time, he knew that I was the identical man who owned her. He said 
hfc would advise me to make every preparation for defending her or dis- 
using of her, for " I will be d — n — d if Cockburn don't try to destroy 


1814. her," said he. He expressed an apparent sympathy that property of 

Ca nea 8Ucn va * ue belonging to an acquaintance (as he called me) should be de- 

New Point stroyed ; that it was his duty to give the information to Cockburn; and 

Comfort t ^ ftt ft8 to jjj rase if h e fcfi no t think it came strictly under the scope of 

his orders or duty to attempt her destruction, " but my good fellow get 
clear of her upon any terms, for Cockburn will burn her." I touched 
on the subject of their disposal of the slaves they got from us. He said 
that those who were carried to the King's dock yard at Bermuda re- 
ceived man-of-war's allowance and a shilling a day. 

Yarwood, the purser, was talking at the same time, and he inadvert- 
antly said that " those whom they served had to pay SO pounds per man to 
the Government, and that the slaves were indented to serve a term of years to 
reimburse the master" 

A term of 99 years, I presume, renewable forever. This confession, 
I suppose, related to such of them as were not put in the King's Ser- 
vice. The force in the Bay he told me were the Albion — his own ship, 
Dragon — Armede (which arrived off Point Comfort while I was on 
board the Dragon), a frigate that had arrived yesterday morning at the 
Cape, whose name he did not know, and the Sloop-of-war Jasur, now at 
Point Comfort. He told me that one of our shot struck a boat of his 
on friday last and wounded a man in the leg. You recollect that while 
you and I were watching the effect of our fire, I remarked that one of 
our shot must have struck. 

I am, &c. 

Christopher Tompkins to the Governor. 

March 12 The ^ nemv occupy the same ground they did when I last had this 
Mathews Co. pleasure, with the addition of another frigate. Lieutenant Yeatman was 
sent on board the day before yesterday with a flag to ascertain if some 
negroes had got on board, and has made the enclosed report to me, to 
which I beg your serious attention. The ship there alluded to is the one 
belonging to Mr. Tabb, of Norfolk ; was built by Mr. Yeatman's Father, 
who is lately dead, consequently Lieut. Yeatman has to launch her. 
How the Enemy get their information is truly astonishing, but it is no 
less true that they know every occurrence in Richmond before we do; 
they do not hesitate to say that they get the Richmond papers regularly 
two or three days after they are printed. Mr. Yeatman told the Com- 
modore that Cockburn would find some difficulty in burning the Ship, 
as we were well prepared for such an attempt. He replied that they 
knew our force very well, and could at any time land double our num- 
ber and take the County, if there was an object for doing so. He 
further observed that Cockburn would have a strong force in the Chesa- 


peake this summer ; would be able to land two thousand men at pleasure. 1814. 

He also informed that Admiral Cochrane was to supercede Warren, and MaSiewe 0> 

that the war would be carried on in a different style to what it had been. 

Three days ago three of their marines ran off, one after the other in the 

day; one of them brought his musket and ammunition ; the other two 

threw theirs into the water, as the tide was up they had to swim. They 

did not come off in concert ; neither knew the design of the other ; but 

all left the same post where they had been alternately placed on guard 

to prevent the seamen deserting. They were discovered, but they 

dare not send others in pursuit of them. This is quite a novelty and 

affords us more serenity than anything else. 

Does not the United States allow something for arms, &c., brought 
over by deserters? Col. Gayle's letter to you has been submitted to me, 
and I fully concur with him 'tis a curious fact that no spot can be found 
in this county more than a mile from tidewater; hence the impossibility 
of securing the en noes without guarding them, and I expect that one 
Thousand is the smallest number we have in the County, for not only 
every white person but almost every negro has a canoe. We have lost 
28 negro men lately. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — I observe in the newspajKjrs some writer from York represents 
he Enemy to be off the mouth of York River, and no doubt you have 
>een thus informed, but the fact is, they have never been in less than 
wenty miles of York. Tis true they can see the ships from York, and 
hat is all. The reports you had of barges being up York River before 

left Richmond were totally false. There were several large canoes 
>assing at that time from this County to Back River taking a cargo from 

wreck, which were magnified to large barges, <fce. I also observe that 

he York Militia are on duty because they see an Enemy's ship, but 

hey had as well be on duty in Richmond for the good they can do. 

"here is no temptation for the Enemy at York. I would not give the 

tock on one farm in the lower part of Gloucester for all in York county. 

>o far from the Enemy lying in the mouth of York River, their smallest 

vessels have never been more than a mile from our shore and the largest 

ibout two or three, and can come within half a mile whenever they 


C. T. 

Tas. Bariioir (Gov. of Va.) to the Hon'ble Secretary of War. 

It having been informally communicated to me that General Parker ]\f an .h 20, 
lad retired from the command at Norfolk, leaving there no officer of a Richmond 
igher grade than Colonel, the Executive thought proper to order Briga- 
lier General Chamberlayne to repair to that Station and take the Com- 


1814. inand. A measure justified in their opinion as well by the number of 
Kichmomi troo l )S as * ne importance of the position. A difficulty has occurred as to 
the command; its character will appear from the letter of the General, a 
copy of which I herewith enclose. I have to request your early attention 
to the subject, and the adoption of such measures as will obviate the 

I am, &c. 

James Greenhow (Dr.) to the Governor. 

March 28, It is with great unwillingness I complain of the insufficiency of my 

Richmond ga i ar y ^ physician to the Penitentiary and public guard. It was at no 

time much more than to pay for the medicine at the customary charges. 

But now that they have risen generally one hundred per cent, I am paid 

nothing for my attendance and prescription. 

In the Penitentiary the number of prisoners always exceeds one hun- 
dred and twenty, for the attendance and medicine on whom I receive 
8250, and the same sum for the public guard, consisting of thirty-six, 
three-fourths of which have families and can not be accommodated in 
the barracks for want of room. I am hence obliged to visit them in every 
part of the city — oftener in the suburbs where they live in huts to avoid 
the expense of high house rent. Add to this my services and medicine 
to their wives and children, which tho' perhaps I am not bound to per- 
form — still humanity impels in as much as soldiers with from one to five 
children with a pay of six dollars pr. month and rations, is little able to 
pay a Doctor's bill. With deference I conceive it in the power of the 
Hon'ble Executive to relieve me at least as it regards the Penitentiary. 
Two of your honorable body are most respectable members also of the 
medical faculty to whom I beg leave to refer. With a hope that you will 
take the subject into consideration and give it that notice its merit deserves, 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Chamherlayne (B. G.) to the Governor. 

March 31, I take the liberty of calling the attention of your Excellency to the 
Norfolk disagreeable and painful situation in which I am placed. I coinnnmi- 
cated to you on the 17th Inst., the refusal of Col. Freeman to transfer 
the command of the troops here to any State Officer unless by direction 
of the War Department. 1 addressed also under same date a letter to 
Mr. Armstrong, Seet'y of War, informing him of the orders I had re- 
ceived, and my willingness to assume immediately the command of this 


post. I have been informed by Col. Freeman, that on the same day he 1814. 
too communicated with the Scct'y at War on this subject. I have been Norfolk ' 
here upwards of a fortnight without hearing a syllable from Washington, 
altho' in that time communications as late as the 25th inst. have been re- 
ceived here from that department. Believing as I do that full time has 
been afforded "Mr. Armstrong to recognize or disown the authority under 
which I was called here, and my situation being extremely unpleasant, 
I might solicit the favor of your Excellency to relieve me from it as early 
as possible. 

I am, <fec. 

General Orders. Adjutant General's Office, 

Richmond, Slst March , 18 U. 

In compliance with a requisition made on the militia of this State, 
>>* the commanding officer at Norfolk, to replace troops whose term of 
ervice will shortly expire by the commandants of the 10th, 13th, and 
^th brigades, will detail the following proportions of Infantry : 

From the 10th Brigade — 1 Lieutenant-Col enel, 1 Major, 4 Captains, 7 
•ieutenants, 6 Ensigns, 10 Sergeants, 10 Corporals, 8 Musicians, and 35G 

From the 13th Brigade — 2 Lieutenant Colonels, 6 Captains, 12 Lieu- 
snants, 10 Ensigns, 24 Sergeants, 24 Corporals, 12 Musicians, 531 

From the 16th Brigade — 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 1 Major, 5 Captains, 9 
lieutenants, 7 Ensigns, 20 Sergeants, 20 Corporals, 10 Musicians, and 
15 Privates. 

The following Volunteer Companies will also take the field : 

Capt William Sale's Troop of Cavalry, Amherst. 
u Augustine Claiborne's Do. Greensville. 

" James Lanier's Do. Pittsylvania. 

Capt. Sam'l Kennedy's Company Artillery, Monongalia. 
J no. W. Bayliss's Do. Shenandoah. 

Jacob F. Fish back's Do. Wythe. 

The whole will proceed to Norfolk with the feast -possible, delay, and re- 
ort themselves to the Commanding officer at that post. 

In making the above detail a due proportion will be taken from the 
.ight Infantry by entire companies as the law directs. The Infantry 
•ill go unarms! to Norfolk, where they will be supplied from the public 

It is expected that the whole number required will take the field. All 
laims to exemption from duty must be made before a Regimental Court 
lartial to be held for the purpose of hearing excuses. The men will be 


1814 mustered and inspected by the Adjutant of the Regiment or some officer 
specially appointed by the Commandant as mustering officer; who to- 
gether with the officer commanding the Company and the Regimental 
Surgeon must sign the muster roll and be responsible for its correctness. 

Three sets of Muster-rolls must be made out for each Company, forms 
of which are herewith sent. Let the column of names be filled first with 
the commissioned officers according to rank: then with the non-com- 
missioned officers and musicians; and lastly with the privates in alpha- 
betical order. In the column for name* present, let the names of those 
in the first column be repeated where they arc actually present andpu* 
in*peetion; and under the head of Remarks, &c. y let such facts be noted 
as are worthy of remark, and have occurred in relation to any one of 
them opposite to his name. It must also be noted whether he be a sub- 
stitute or not. One copy of the muster roll when complete must be 
forwarded to this office, another retained for the use of the commanding 
officer of the Company in making out his pay-roll, &c. y and the third for 
the commanding General at Norfolk. 

Captain Joseph Wheaton, Assistant Deputy Quarter Master General, at 
this place, will furnish the necessary means of transportation, forage, Ac* 
and make arrangements for the supply of provisions, Ac, on the march. 

The above troops are called into active service under an act of Con- 
gress, passed in 1795, and will consequently serve only three months. 

Bv order, 

ml I 

Claiborne W. Goocii, D. A. G. for 
Moses Green, A. G. 

John Armstrong (Sec. War) to the Governor. 

April 2, I have the honor to inform your Excellency that Brigadier General 

War Depart- p or ter, an Officer of long service and high reputation in the Army of the 
United States, has been assigned to the Command at Norfolk. 

This arrangement will render unnecessary the employment of any 
Brigadier General of the Militia. 

I am, <fcc. 

James Harbour (Gov. of Va.) to the IIon'iile Secretary of War. 

April 7, I nave the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 2nd 

Richmond j nst j n rep ] y t , } mine ()f the 2 0th lilt. 

The designation of General Porter to the command of Norfolk is 
perfectly satisfactory to the Executive, as we entirely confide in your 


assurance that he is an officer of distinguished merit. But the sugges- 1814. 
tion in yours, that in consequence thereof a Brigadier of the Militia is R^^ond 
not necessary, is a conclusion directly opposed both to our opinion and 
wishes. The order of the Executive directing General Chamberlayne to 
repair to Norfolk and take the command of the Militia (and in the event 
of no officer of superior grade, the command of the post) was based on 
the principle that whenever a detachment of the Militia was ordered out 
they were to be officered by a corresponding number of Militia Officers. 
Now as between 3 and 4000 Militia of this State are in service at Nor- 
folk, being equal to a Brigade, it ought to be under the command of a 
Brigadier of Militia.. He of course would be understood to be subordi- 
nate to an officer of the United States of equal grade. The Command of 
General Chamberlayne (he having been detailed under the law of April, 
1812), by a construction of the Department^ would naturally expire on 
the 10th current. As it regards his case therefore the course pursued 
loses much of its importance. But in reference to the future it is a 
question of great interest involving the essential rights of the State, and 
which the Executive feel itself bound to sustain. I flatter myself on a 
review of the subject, your determination will be co-incident with ours, 
a nd that you will, with as little delay as possible, favor us with your 


v ie\vs on the subject. 

I am, &c. 

John Armstrong (SVy War) to the Governor. 

As it may be some weeks before Brig'r-Gencral Porter can present April 8 
himself at Norfolk, it is desirable that your Excellency's orders to Brig.- War Depart- 
**erTl Chamberlayne should be so modified as to leave him in command 
Until the arrival of Gcn'l Porter. 

Col. Wadsworth, of the ordnance Depart., has my orders to repair to 
*ort Hood to examine its present situation and to report alterations or 

A bill is before Congress for receiving volunteer militia, and which, if 
adopted, will, it is hoped, supercede the necessity of calling out the 
Militia for service at points remote from their homes. I seize this occa- 
sion to offer to your Excellency the assurances of my great respect 

I am, &c. 

The Virginia Delegation in Congress to the Governor. 

The claim of the State of Virginia against the Government of the . .. fi 

tJnion for the reimbursement of money expended by that State in call- Washington 



1814. ing out, equipping, and marching its militia on the requisition of the 
\Va8liin^on P^dent °f tne United States, has not failed to command our earnest 

At the last session of Congress it was particularly called to the subject 
hy your Excellency in a letter addressed to Mr. Giles, one of the Sena- 
tors from Virginia, and in consequence of his invitation a meeting of 
the members was held, at which Mr. Giles, of the Senate, Nelson, Brcck- 
onridge, and Jackson, of the House of Representatives, were appointed 
a committee to have an interview with the Secretary of War, in order to 
understand the principles upon which the claim was disallowed, and to 
supply the legal remedy. This interview took place, and the objections 
of the Secretary were stated to the Committee. A bill afterwards passed 
the Senate, which, it has been said, provided for some portion of the 
State claims, but it being deemed objectionable, was opposed in the 
House of Representatives, and did not receive the sanction of that body. 

On the 12th of February last, the House of Delegates of Virginia 
sanctioned the report of a select committee, in which an allusion is made 
to this subject in the following terms : " This bill passed the Senate unani- 
mously ; but as the Honorable Senator (Mr. Giles) who affords this in- 
formation subjoins, it remained unacted ujK>n in the committee of the 
lower house till the Session in which it was moved had nearly expired; 
a delay which he imputed to an intimation from the department of war, 
that at that particular time the provisions of the bill were not altogether 
acceptable to that department, an intimation which the honorable Sena- 
tor adds occasioned him the more surprise because he had certainly un- 
derstood the Honorable Secretary as yielding his assent to the principles 
of the bill." 

It appeal's as well from the proceedings in the Legislature as from* 
letter written by your Excellency which is now before us, that this sub- 
ject is viewed in Virginia with much sensibility, and it is due to our- 
selves and to the Secretary of War, who appears to be also implicated, 
that the erroneous impressions which have been entertained should U~ 

\( indeed we did suffer a bill to slumber without any adequate reason* 
being assigned which would have reimbursed to the State an expenditure.- 
of money for the benefit of the Union, we have justly incurred the im — 
putation of neglecting its interests, and if such neglect be fairly ascrl — 
bable to an intimation from the department of war, that at that particuu — 
lar time the provisions of the bill were not acceptable to that department - 
our conduct was the more reprehensible as proceeding from unjustifiable- 1 
motives. The bill which passed the Senate so far as relates to paymW 1 * 
of Militia expenditures, is as follows: "That whenever the Militia or any 
part thereof shall be called forth by the legal authority of any State <> r 
territory within the United States to repel invasion, the President of tli« 


nited States on receiving from the Executive of such state or territory isi4. 

lformation thereof, and of the number of officers — non-commissioned t., A '? r . iI s : 

... Washington 

mcers, musicians and privates (so called forth), may. if he should deem 
t proper, consider them in the service of the United States, from the 
iine of being so called forth." 

The correspondence and report connected with this subject appear to 
auction four distinct propositions. 

1st That there was an agreement to sup}x>rt the bill which passed the 

2nd. That the Secretary of war concurred in that mode of providing 
or our claims. 

3rd. That the failure of the bill is to be ascribed to the subsequent 
lostility of the Secretary ; and 

4th. That the bill in question was in some degree adequate to provide 
>r our claims. 

The members who waited on the Secretary of war witli Mr. Giles concur 
' the opinion that no conversation was held in their presence tending to 
action the idea of supporting the principles of the bill in question, 
at the Secretary merely stated the inadequency of the law to cover the 
He claims, and that Congress alone in his opinion could authorize their 
yment. The mode of providing for them was not suggested by the 
enretary or to him by the Committee. 

This fact thus supported defeats the grounds assumed under the 1st, 
«J and third heads of enquiry, for if no agreement to the effect of sup- 
rting the bill in question was made, there necessarily was no concur- 
lce in such agreement by the Secretary of war, or violation of the 
arse approved of at his suggestion, or for any other cause. 
But did this bill provide for an)' of the claims of Virginia? It did 
>t. Its operation was prospective merely — was confined to future cases 

military expenditure of a particular character, and had no bearing 
xjii existing claims. There were, independently of the consideration 
at the bill from the Senate did not act upon the past serious objec- 
ts to its prospective operation, it related only to unauthorized calls 

the militia, and subjected the officers of the United States having the 
istody of " ammunition and flints " to the order of the commander of 
ilitia for their delivery, and in case those articles were not to be other- 
**e obtained, the militia officer was authorized to purchase them at his 
5 ^retion. We think it sufficiently shewn that no charge of neglecting 
* interests of Virginia, so far as we declined to press the passage of the 
I from the Senate, is justly imputable to us, and that a candid exami- 
-ion of the subject, independently of a reference to that bill, will prove 
L t no blame attaches to us for omitting to procure their allowance 
herto. It will be recollected that the May session of Congress was 
Lcl for the particular object of providing a system of internal taxes. 


1814. The difficulty of doing business other than that for which the Congress 
WashTnJton nac ^ convened, produced in some degree by the inclemency of the season 
and the impatience of the members to adjourn, rendered it impolitic at 
that time to have pressed the consideration of amendments to the bill 
from the Senate, which to have effected anything, must have totally 
changed its principles; and altho' much of the present session had elapsed 
without doing anything to provide for the payment of the claims of Vir- 
ginia, the fault, if there be any, is not ours. In order to a due under- 
standing of the subject, and to ascertain how far legislative provision is 
necessary, it is indispensable that the claims should be exhibited to the 
proper officer of the war department for settlement. Yet altho' we are 
informed by the report of the committee that there was due to the State 
on the 26th of February, 1813, "the sum of $31,683 09 cents, that on 
the 24th of May, 1813, it had reached the sum of $94,847 88 cents; that 
it was on the 14th of December last $382,141 78 cents; that it now 
(12th of February, 1814,) amounts to $444,049 56 cents, and that it is 
daily increasing." It is a fact that to this day no accounts have been 
exhibited since the one dated 26th of February, 1813, amounting in the 
whole to $31,683 97 cents only. In the settlement of such accounts as 
are payable by the United States, it appears to us that with a view to 
uniformity as well as justice, the States and the Union, there should be 
an exhibition of the items and vouchers which support them, and that a 
different practise would be fraught with much inconvenience and be lia- 
ble to abuses which Virginia would be as prompt to discountenance as 
any of the States ; but if this precaution be unnecessary, and the mere 
exhibition of charges is sufficient, there can certainly be no just cause 
for complaining at the non-payment of the accounts subsequent to the 
26th of February, 1813, when they have never been presented for pay- 
ment. Whenever they are exhibited it will become the dutv of the 
officers in the war department to apply the principles of existing laws— 
not to supply the defects of their provisions. The province of those 
officers is simply to decide how far the law justifies a payment of the 
claims, and not what the law should be, and arguments tending to 
shew the justice and expediency of providing for repayment of money 
expended by a State to aid "in the common defence," are misapplied 
when addressed to any other than the legislative department of the gov- 

We have the honor to be with sentiments of respect, 

Your Excellency's Mo. Obe't Servants, 

Hugh Nelson, James Rrcckcnridge, J. G. Jackson, Jno. W. Epj>es, Johu 
Smith, Wm. McCoy, Jas. Pleasants, Ju'r, John P. Hungerford, John 
Roane, P. Goodwyn, Fr's White, Thos. Gholson. Aylott Hawes, The. 
Newton, John Clopton, Jno. Kerr, D. Shefley, Jos. Lewis, Ju'r, H. 
Caperton, J. Johnson. 


Lanodon Cukvis (Speaker II. It.) to the Governor. 

I have the honor, by direction of the House of Representatives of the 1814. 
U. States, to inform you of the death of the Htttt. John Dawson, late a Washington 
Representative from Virginia in that House, and of the consequent 
vacancy in the Representation of that State in order that you may be 
enabled to take such steps as you may deem proper to fill the vacancy. 

I am, Ac. 

Wm. Wirt (Capt. Flyin<; Artillky) to the Governor. 

The Corps of Flying Artillery raised last summer in the moment of April 10, 
alarm, was trained through the summer and fall with all the assiduity R lcn monu 
which the emergency required, and which our equipments rendered 
practicable: a few more trainings, with the advantage of guns, caissons, 
and horses, would. I am convinced, have accomplished this corps in all 
the evolutions which belong to their duty, and have qualified them for 
the most effective service. It will be remembered that the company 
was drawn from the line of the city regiment under the authority and 
hy the earnest desire of the Executive, and was known at the time to 
consist in a very great degree of mechanics whose circumstances did not 
enable them to keep horses. It will be remembered, too, that the men, 
aware of the kind of service which was expected of them, enquired be- 
fore they joined the corps, whether the horses were to be furnished by 
themselves or by the public, and were informed that they would be fur- 
nished by the public; on the strength of which assurance they engaged. 
1 have already had the honor of submitting to the Executive a letter 
from VV. W. Henning as deputy Adj't-General, in reply to one from my- 
self last summer on the subject of the horses necessary to train the 
corps which was placed under my command, and which I understood as 
an authority to hire at the public expense the horses necessary to mount 
the matrosses, as well as those necessary for the draught. This misap- 
prehension was. corrected by the Governor in Nov'r last, and I was ad- 
vised to incur no further expense until the sense of the Legislature on 
this subject should be understood. I did so, and the result has been 
that the Legislature has expressly prohibited the incurring any expense 
in the training of corps of Flying Artillery. Under these circumstances 
it would be idle in the Company under my command to remain longer 
together; to do so without the means of discipline, would be to promise 
what we could not perform, and to foster expectations in the public 
which we should inevitably baulk in the hour of danger, to the injury 
of any other troops to which we might be attached and our own inevita- 
ble and perpetual disgrace. 



April 10, 



The Company therefore considers it a public duty to lay down the 
character of Flying Artillerists and to fall back into the body of the 
Militia, with which view the Executive will be pleased to consider my 
commission as Captain of the Richmond Flying Artillery as resigned 

I understand this course to be consistent with the view expressed by 
the Governor when the company was raised, and therefore I adopt it 

I am, &c. 

Jas. Bankuead (Asst. Adjt. Genl.) to the Adjutant General 

OF Va. 

April 12, 

It is with the greatest mortification I have to inform the Executive of 
Virginia that every effort to induce the Troops who were called out under 
the Law of April, 1812, to volunteer their services until other Troops 
arrived, has proved abortive except with the Cavalry, some of the 
Artillery, and a few of the Infantry. Our force is now reduced to a very 
inconsiderable number and this Port is much exposed. 

The discharge of a great portion of the United States Troops enlisted 
for twelve months has left but the name of an army here. The Enemy 
have four seventy fours, six or eight frigates, and many smaller vessels 
in the Bay, and should they hear of the considerable reduction of our 
force may avail themselves of our weakness. 

The propriety of ordering from the adjacent counties an equal number 
of men with those discharged, to remain here until the Troops who sire 
ordered from the remote parts of the State and who cannot get here for 
two or three weeks do arrive, is submitted to his Excellency the Governor. 

The requisition for the Troops to supply the place of the three month's 
men whose service will" expire at different periods in May and Juno will 
be forwarded by to-morrow's mail. 

1 have to request instruction as to the disposition of the damaged 
arms, &c, and to beg that a portion of the men destined for this place 
may be armed as they pass through Richmond — say one hundred Rifle- 
men and three Hundred Infantry. 

Permit me to suggest the advantage of sending the damaged anus to 
Richmond. They cannot be repaired here, as we have no armory or 

I enclose to you a report of the State property in the Military Store 

I am, ifec. 


G. Joynbs (Adj't 2nd Va. Reg't) to Col. T. M. Baylby. 

bedicnce to your orders of yesterday requiring me to make you a 1814. 
statement of the Enemy's force, I make you the following report Qnancock 
I have collected from the different posts on duty and from Thomas 
1 who has been on hoard the Admiral's Ship. There are G 
in view : one the Albion, 74, Admiral Cockburn ; 1 the Chesa- 

late U. S. frigate; the 50 Gun Ship Armede, Trowbridge; the 
all appear to be Frigates. They also appear to have 1 Brig, said 
ie Annaconda; one Sloop Tender, one large schooner carrying two 
ig Topsails, and a number of small schooner Tenders, which they 
btained from the Island people. They have been in Little Anna- 

and Destroyed 7 Small bay craft, 5 of which belonged to this 
they have settled a large number of wells on Tangier Beach, and 
uilt several good houses, and have also thrown up a breastwork 
Hinted cannon on it, and say they intend making it an hospital 
mmer. We have on duty about 200 men, which is too small a 
> defend our extensive Bay Coast exposed to the enemy. Upon 
nination of Thos. Sharrod, he says that the enemy said that they 
jd, as soon as they could make proper arrangements on the 

to send a flag on shore demanding of us provisions, and in case 
refused, they intended to land a sufficient force to take such sup- 
t they wanted, and they would scour the wholo country. 
Troops on duty are in high spirits, and had much rather risque 
igement than bo so frequently harrassed. 

I am, &c. 

Constant Freeman (Col. Comd't) to the Governor. 

erday I received from the Adjutant-General in Washington an April 14, 
f which I have the honor to enclose your Excellency a copy. If Norfolk 
ier-Gcneral Chamberlayne were here, I should immediately de- 
fer to him this command. General Porter is expected to arrive in 
irse of a week. 

unfortunate a decision had not been sooner made on the construc- 
the Act of the 10th of April, 1812. The six months' men have 
enerally discharged ; very few, except the Cavalry, have volun- 
Lo remain until the 25th of the present month. I request your 
:ncy would be pleased to hasten the relief, which we expect from 
•ders of the 31st of last month. Our weakness is alarming. The 
f the enemy increases. 

I am, ivx. 


1814. Adjutant and Insp'r Gen'ls Office, 

Washington, April 0, 1811 
Sir, — Rrigadicr General Chamberlayne of the Va. Militia having been 
ordered into the service by the Executive of that State, he will take com- 
mand of Norfolk and its dependencies until General Porter arrives. You 
will be pleased to deliver said command to him with such instructions, 
<fcc., respecting the same as you may have in your possession. 

With respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obed't servant, 

J. B. Walijack, 

Adjt Genl. 
Col. Constant Freeman, Norfolk, Va. 

Tuos. M. Bayley to the Governor. 

April 14, At 11 o'clk on Monday night, the 4th Inst., I received information from 
Accomac (^ptain George Scarbrough that the Enemy had anchored in Pocomoke 
Sound, near the mouth of Onancock and Pungoteague Creeks, in one 
large Frigate, a brig and two schooners. That having taken all the live 
stock from Watt's and Tangier's Island, it was evident from the position 
that was taken, an invasion of the County was intended. I ordered on 
duty four companies of the Second Regiment, and formed four camps 
on the bay shore; one on the north, and one on the south side of the 
mouth of Pungoteague Creek, one on Onancock Creek, one on Chesemfrix 
Creek, and ordered the other companies of the Regiment to be ready to 
march at a moment's notice. The companies on guard have been relieved 
after a tour of six days, by four other companies. The Regiment (13 
companies), I have formed in three divisions, and assigned six days' duty 
to each. The Enemy lias taken soundings of the mouths of our Creeks. 
The enclosed reports, the one from Major Fenny at Pungoteague, the other 
from Adjn't Joynes at Onancock, will inform you of the force and situa- 
tion of the enemy. It is evident he intends fixing a permanent Camp 
on Watts and Tangier's Islands now in his possession. Barracks and two 
Hospitals are built, a breastwork is thrown up and cannon planted, and 
a fort is building. Three or four vessels with timber have been captured- 
When the enemy took possession of the Islands he permitted two of 
the Islanders to come to the main. Captain Ross of the Albion giving 
them a passport and ordered them to return. An old gentleman who 
had been on the Island with a flag, I saw last night, and from him and 
the two Islanders I am informed that these Islands are to be their head- 
quarters; that in a very short time they will be well fortified, their cannon 
landed, and their Camp laid out on a large scale. 


y have plenty of good water, and a fleet with the Commander-in- 1814. 

Is daily exj)ected with an army of ten thousand men. As soon as £{J^a€ 

«t arrives active operations would commence. Newspapers con- C. H. 

? the President's message, recommending a repeal of the Embargo, 

ceived on board the fleet four days sooner than in this county; 

le newspapers arc regularly received. I was also informed that 

rould land in this county to obtain provisions; that they knew the 

bh of the militia, and should land with Ave thousand men, and 

> doubt but they should experience some hard fighting. 

nediately uj>on my being informed that the enemy had registered 

man on the Islands, numbered their boats and canoes, and would 

: no one to leave the Islands without passports with orders to 

, and considering their men thus situated would give the enemy 

information they could, I ordered all persons coming from the 

s to be detained, of the propriety of which order I wish your 

n and direction. I expect to be attacked. I believe the second 

ent will do their duty, but our arms are bad, our ammunition 

In stopping a boat at Chissemfrix, which attempted to pass, the 

>f the small arms were not thrown more than two-thirds the dis- 

expected. We have only twenty-five thousand Cartridges. We 

daily communication on to Phila. by Wilmington. The price of 

age is three dollars a hundred to Phila., 200 miles. At that city 

r ilmington ammunition might be purchased to advantage if your 

oncy would authorize it. 

ii desirous to receive from your Excellency orders directing how 

ic guards should be continued and the number of men on each 

i. Surely the drafted men from this Regiment will not be ordered 

he County. I was on active duty the last mail day. This mail 

ly) offers the first opportunity since the enemy has appeared, to 

to you. 

I am, <fcc. 

William Lamrert to the Governor. 

siderable alarm has been produced among the inhabitants of the April 15 

n parts of Northumberland and Lancaster counties in the course 

3 week by the appearance of several vessels in the Chesapeake, and 

attempt of the Enemy to take some small craft out of a branch of 

nico river, in which they did not succeed, being driven off by the 

i without loss on our side. They have, however, captured a 

ier laden with sugar, coffee, whiskey, <fec, on her return from Bal- 

j to Moschetto creek, with the owner on board, whom they still 

i as their prisoner. Guards have been lately fixed at convenient 

i on the bay side. This measure, altho' it may prevent the landing 



1814. of small detachments and the desertion of negroes, vet it will prove in- 
Apnl lo j ur j ous i |h,. poorer class of people at a season of the year when plan- 
tation business requires }>eculiar attention. 

I am, &c. 

Ellison Cirrie ((J. M. 02nd R»;'t) to the Governor. 

April IS, It i== im|»ortant certainly at all times, hut more esjieeially when the 
q jl country is involved in war. that the people should he kept as well 
affected toward the Government as possible. The pressure of the war 
in this State is |>articularly felt in the* {tarts of the country bordering on 
the Iwiy and navigable rivers. The j>eople are frequently called from the 
.xrupations by which they obtain the means of supporting themselves 
and their families. They are subjected to the loss of their slaves, and 
in many cases are strip|»ed of all their proj>erty. To all this may be 
added the ]>ersonal insult and injury to which they are ex jM>sed from an 
enemy whose conduct is more that of barbarians than civilized men. 

There can be no disposition, I :.m sure, on the ]>art of the government 
to increase these burthens. 

That these |>eople when called out into actual service are to be fur- 
nished with the means of livins. is a matter of course; but how this \* 
to l>c effected, under the regulations which it is understood the Execu- 
tive? have adopted, is a subject not very pleasant to think of. 

It seems the Executive have determined not to allow more for rations 
than eighteen cents each. From the most accurate calculation it has 
been ascertained that rations cannot be procured at the cash value of pro- 
visions in this part of the country for less than twenty-three cents. A 
contract might however be made at twenty cents I believe; it is imprac- 
ticable from everv trial which has heretofore been made to make a con- 
tract at less. Thus whenever a detachment of Militia is called out it 
becomes the painful duty of the quarter-master or his sergeant to tike 
by force from the house-keepers contiguous to the Camp the meat and 
bread on which their support depends, and leave them to starve or sul>- 
sist on the charity of their neighbors. It is to be expected that discon- 
tents must be the result of such a course, and if persevered in it will fi n 
very far to weaken if not alienate the affections of the jicoplc. We are 
very ready to believe that a laudable disposition to manage with economy 
the public purse, has induced the Executive to adopt this measure, hut 
even on the score of economy it is believed a contract for rations at 
twenty or even twenty-three cents would be preferred. For in addition 
to the value of the articles of provision impressed, considerable expend* 
must be incurred in conveving them, scattered as thev usually are 
to the place of rendezvous. For example, a barrel of whiskey ,)r 


randy is procured in one place, beef or pork in another, flour or meal 

i a third, and so on of the other component parts of the ration. 

Permit me, Sir, to observe that a ration was considered by the Legis- 

ture of 1812, worth twenty cents, which will appear from an act of 

at session, by which officers were permitted to commute their rations 

r money at that rate. See sessions acts of 1812, i>age r*5, sec. 3. 

It is hoped and confidently believed that the Executive will take this 

bject into serious consideration, and make such an allowance for rations 

will enable the officers of the staff department to procure them by 


I am, &c. 

We the undersigned officers of the 92nd Reg't Militia, have examined 
is letter and concur in the statements therein expressed : John Chow- 
ng, Lt-Col., Jos. B. Downman, 2nd Lt., Cavalry, Opie Dunaway, 2nd 
i. Artillery, A. J. Palmer, Lt. R. Company, Jas. Robertson, Ensign R. 
)iup., Spencer George, Major, Sam'l M. Sheuruian, Capt In., Thos. 
earby, Capt. In., Thomas Armstrong, Capt. Art., Win. T. Yerby, Capt. 


Ben') Brkjos (Brio. -General) to the Governor. 

Inclosed is my commission, which you will please to receive as my 

•ignation ; owing to my old age and inability of Body, I think my- 

f no longer able to perform the duties required of me by virtue of 

d commission. 

I am, &c. 

V. B. I have given orders to the Commanding officers of Regiments 

the training of the officers ; also to the Brigade Inspector to attend 

: training of officers, which I expect will be done. I have also issued 

lers to the Lieut. -Colonel Commandants to draught their Coto of men 

led for to march to Norfolk agreeable to orders directed to me from 

: Deputy Ad. General. 

Benj'n Bkh;<js. 


April 18, 


C. H. 

April 1,* 

John Armstrong (SVy) to the Governor. 

[ have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's Let- April U 
of the 7th Inst. War 

Requisitions for Militia, when made by the General Government, are 
t for Regiments and Brigades as such. If two thousand militia are 
led out. and it be the intention of the Government that they should 
ve in Brigade, a Brigadier-General will be required. If otherwise, 
it is //* (h'tachment, none is wanted and none will be required. 

I am, &c. 


William Lambert to the Governor. 

1814. On Monday morning the 18th Instant, four British barges filled with 

Lancaster men l >assec * U P * ne Rappahannock in my view on their way to Carter's 

Co. Crook where they captured two schooners, one light called " Filicity," the 
property of Rawleigh Carrill, residing on that Creek, the other called the 
" Antelope," James Hughes master, bound from Fredericksburg to Balti- 
more with two hundred and fifty barrels of flour on board — they also 
took some sheep belonging to the Estate of Martin Shearman, Esqr., 
lately deceased ; this was effected without opposition, it being not only 
court, but election day for Lancaster county, of which the enemy by some 
means not yet discovered, must have been apprized. They sailed down 
the river in apparent triumph, followed on the shore by a few Militia and 
joined their ship lying in the bay. 

This morning the same number of barges passed up to Carter's Creek, 
and took some negroes belonging to the Corotoman Estate. They were 
fired at by five or six of our Militia and one of the enemy supposed to 
be an officer was seen to fall, they are at this time going down nearly in 
the middle of the river in full view of the place of my residence. Should 
they attempt to land at any point below they will probably meet with a 
warm reception. 

I am, &c. 

James Sinuleton to the Governor. 

April 23, An act of the last Assembly, authorizing a company of flying Artil- 
\ c ster lory to be raised in each Brigade, has induced me, upon the application 
of Mr. John Mackey, to name him for the command of that company, 
to which the 10th Brigade is entitled. 

Mr. Mackey is the son of that worthy man lately dead, Doctor Roln'rt 
Mackey. Mr. Mackey has had a virtuous and liberal education; he is 
sober, sprightly, active, prudent; commanded a platoon in the action at 
Williamsburg, in Canada, under Boyd, with great credit, and I think 
him every way qualified for the command. I avail myself of this up|wr- 
tunity to assure your Excellency that for your official and personal suc- 
cess you have the best wishes of 

Yours, tie. 


J. Armstrong (S'c't War) to tub Governor. 

Your Excellency will receive herewith a report from Col. Wadsworth 1814. 
in relation to Fort Powhatan. A ^J l a ^ 5, 

The suggestions of this officer will be adopted and the block houses Department 


I am, <fcc. 

Richmond, 18H. 
The Hxm'ble John Armstrong: 

• * Sir, — In obedience to your orders, I have visited Fort Powhatan, 
situated on James River, l>elow Richmond, and have now the honor of 
a ubmitting to you such considerations as have been suggested, as well by 
a £* examination of that Post as by information obtained from persons 
Well acquainted with the navigation of that river, and the geographical 
^lations of the surrounding country. 

The river has not sufficient depth of water for ships of the line except 
*t its mouth and a little way above — Frigates can ascend as far as 
Ilarrison's Bar, which is a shoal situated 12 or 15 miles above Fort 
Powhatan. No more than 18 or 19 feejt of water can be found on Har- 
rison's Bar. The Enemy contemplating an attack on Richmond by the 
Way of James River (supposing Fort Powhatan out of the way), would 
probably decide upon landing below Harrison's Bar for two reasons. 1st, 
His Frigates and heavier ships must remain below the bar. 2nd, The 
windings of the river would not admit a prosecution of the voyage quite 
Up to Richmond without a shift of wind. It is therefore to be presumed 
the enemy in the case supposed, would calculate on landing at Westover, 
3 or 4 miles below Harrison's bar, and distant from Richmond 25 miles. 
Were the situation of Fort Powhatan such as to necessitate the Enemy 
to stop below the mouth of Chickahominy River, I should deem it a post 
of some importance, for by destroying the bridges on Chickahominy, the 
direct march of the enemy to Richmond could be considerably impeded, 
and time thereby gained to assemble the force of the country for the 
defence of its capital ; but below Fort Powhatan, and above the mouth 
of the Chickahominy, are two landing places open to the Enemy; one at 
Cameron's, distance 35 miles, and another and a better still lower down at 
a place called Sandy Point, distance 45 miles from Richmond. 

On the south bank of James river the Enemy could land below Fort 
Powhatan at a place called Brandon, distant from Petersburg 28 miles. 

From the foregoing exposition it must appear that the only substan- 
tial advantage obtained by fortifying at Fort Powhatan, is that of com- 
pelling the Enemy to land at Cameron's at 35 miles distant, or West- 
over at 25 miles distance from Richmond. 


1814. We ought to attain some more important object, it seems to me, when 

War°' we mcur * ne ex pense of fortifying and garrisoning a post. 
Department Were a sufficient Fort and Battery established at Jamestown, or even 
lower down, since it could not be attacked by ships of the line, and the 
Enemy would not venture to go directly against it with Frigates only, 
nor could he prudently attempt to pass it with his Transjwrts and 9tore 
ships, in order to effect a landing above, he would be constrained to re- 
linquish altogether the attack of Richmond and Petersburg by the way 
of James River, for a landing below Jamestown 'would place him up- 
wards of 60 miles from Richmond by the most direct Route. York 
River, which affords sufficient water at its mouth for his line of battle 
ships, would suit his purpose better. Armed vessels of the smaller 
classes may ascend York River to a place called West Point, distant 
about 30 miles from Richmond. The reasons which induced the British 
in 1871 to pitch upon York river as a port to be occupied and fortified, 
were, I make no doubt, substantial, and it is to be expected would in- 
fluence their conduct again in a case any way similar. 

The design of Fort Powhatan, in my opinion, is bad, being an imper- 
fect star redoubt — a species of work at best more for shew than real 
utility; but admitting the design to be tolerable, the execution is incom- 
parably bad. 

The revetement or facing of the wails is partly of Earth and partly 
of Brick, with the latter placed above the former, with no solid founda- 
tion that I can perceive to sustain it, so that it is quite surprising to me 
the walls have not tumbled into the ditch. I presume it would have 
happened so had the parapet been of a proper thickness; that possess- 
ing but about 6 feet, including the wall, can hardly be considered suffi- 
cient to repel a 0-p'd shot, and the barracks encroach u|>on it so near 
that we cannot on the inside fortify it sufficiently without removing 
them. The unnecessary elevation of the barracks expose them to l>e 
set on lire (they being constructed of wood) with too great facility— an 
accident which must induce an immediate surrender of the Fort. There 
are several other defects I omit to mention. 

No way occurs to me of improving and repairing the works at Fort 
Powhatan (I mean if we do not stop short of making it really respectable 
and capable of resisting for a short time a determined attack), except hy 
incurring an expense as great and perhaps greater than would suffice for 
the construction of an original work of a better design. 

Under present circumstances, therefore, the best course I can point out, 
is to leave the Fort as it is, with an exception of some alterations and 
repairs of no great magnitude, and commence the building of two Block 
houses on the out side, one to the East or South East, the other to the 
South west, so placed as to intercept the attack of the Enemy against 
the Fort itself. The Block houses might be constructed after the plan of 


one I lately proposed to have built at Warburton. They should be of 1814. 
two stories, built of incumbustiblc materials, and surrounded each of wJ^Depart- 
them by a redoubt having the Parapets cannon proof and sufficiently ment 
elevated to secure the lower stories from being demolished by cannon. 
Thus constructed and with a few resolute men posted in them, they 
would he capable of making a respectable defence against a greatly 
sU|>erior force, and perhaps hold out until succor could be brought up ; 
at any rate the time consumed by the enemy in landing Troops and can- 
non for the attack would be an essential benefit. 

The Block houses proposed, ought to cost, I should guess, about 20(X) 
or 2500 Dollars a piece, and the redoubts to cover them 600 or 800 dol- 
lars apiece. These should be palisaded and fraised, and no pains 
spared in rendering them as perfect field works as possible. 

It may not be amiss to sink a well in the Fort or one of the Block 
houses, though I think it will be extremely difficult for the enemy 
entirely to cut off our communication with the river while the possession 
of the Fort and Block houses can be maintained. 

The Guns mounted in the upper Battery ought to be considered ade- 
quate to defend the channel of the River independent of the lower Bat- 
tery, the guns of which arc quite too much exposed to be well served in 
close attack of ships. I should therefore choose to abandon the lower 
battery entirely as being both unnecessary and injudiciously placed. The 
triaterials could be advantageously employed in the repair and erections 
|>ro|K>sed to be executed. 

Since I began this Letter I have been informed by Major Gibbons 
there is a very suitable situation for a battery intended to oppose the 
passage of James River at the point of shoals, near the mouth of the 
River. There the channel, he tells me, is quite narrow and approaches 
very near a pretty elevated Bank of the River. These circumstances 
combine the principal advantages to be sought after in selecting a sit- 
uation of the kind. 

I am, &c. 

William Lambert to the Governor. 

At the time of writing my last letter, it could not be ascertained to April 29, 
what extent the depredations of the enemy on the Corotoman Estate Lancaster 
were carried; it appears since that they took sixty-nine negroes (42 the 
property of Joseph C. Cabell, and 27 of Charles Carter), and about sixty 
Sheep. On Saturday morning the 23rd instant, they landed on the 
Rappahannock near Windmill or north point, and plundered a poor man 
of the name of Hinton of a boat, everything he was worth. As they 
were carrying off the last remains of booty, a detachment of Militia 6red 


1814. across a creek upon them, on which they dropped a bag of Meal, <fcc.,ran 

I^ncaster w * tn a ^ 8 P ee( ^ *° tne nar g cs » an( * niade off to their ship, then anchored 
County near the point threatening vengeance in the hearing of our Militia, on the 
inhabitants. On the Monday following, the ship sailed up the bay. In 
the course of this week, five of their large vessels were seen from different 
places in Lancaster and North umherland. It is expected and not with- 
out reason, that farther attempts will shortly be made by British Troops 
to land and pillage the people in this quarter. 

I am, &c. 

William Tate (Brkj-Gen'l) to the Governor. 

May 1, Tendering his resignation as Brigadier-General of the 17th Brigade of 

Washington vir ^ nia MiHtijL 

Joseph Wheaton (A. Q. M. Gen'l) to the Governor. 

May 4, It being the wish of some members of the late Petersburg Volunteers, 

Richmond residents of this city, to commemorate the anniversary of the Sortie 

made by that company and others from Fort Meigs, I take the liberty to 

request the use of two 4 or G pounders, which shall be well taken care 

of and the favor gratefully acknowledged. 

I am, &c. 

Christopher Tompkins to the Governor. 

May 8, Enclosing a letter from John Patterson, Esq., narrating the capture in 

Piping Tree East River, Mathews County, of a schooner formerly belonging to Isaac 
McKeinen, of Baltimore, loaded with 1,050 Bbls. of Flour. 

This capture was effected during the night, for want of a guard, with 
a piece of Artillery at the mouth of the River. 

General Order*. Adjutant-General's Office, 

Richmond, May 8th, 18 H. 

In compliance with a requisit : on on the Militia of this State by the 
President, signified through the commanding officer at Norfolk, to re- 
place troops whose term of service will shortly expire, the commandants 
of the 8th, 11th, and 15th Brigades will make the following details, viz.: 

From the 8th Brigade — 438 officers and men, which, including Capt 


John M. Gait's company of Artillery, Surry, and Capt. John Mitchell's 1814. 
company of Riflemen, Sussex, will be detailed in the following propor- 
tion: 1 Major, 4 Captain}*, 8 Lieutenants, 8 Ensigns, 20 Sergeants, 24 
corporals, 2 Drummers, 2 fifers, and 369 privates. 

From the 11th Brigade — 537 officers and men, which, including Capt. 
Mathew Simm's Company of Artillery, Halifax, Capt. Doct. C. Williams' 
Company of Riflemen, Pittsylvania, and ('apt James Howerton's com- 
pany of Riflemen, Halifax, will be detailed in the following proportion: 
1 Lieut-Colonel, 5 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 10 Ensigns, 25 Sergeants, 
30 Cor|K)rals, 3 Drummers, 3 Fifers, and 450 privates. 

From the 15th Brigade — 589 officers and men, which, including Capt. 
Ralph Hubbard's company of Riflemen, Mecklenburg, and Capt Theod- 
erick Walker's Do., Dinwiddie, will be detailed in the following propor- 
tion : 1 Lieut-Colonel, 5 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 10 Ensigns, 25 Ser- 
geants, 30 Cor|x>rals, 4 Drummers, 4 Fifers, and 500 privates. 

A due proportion of the quota from such Brigade will be taken from 
the Light Infantry by entire companies, as the law directs. The whole 
will proceed to Norfolk (which is hereby established as the place of ren- 
dezvous) and report themselves to the commanding officer at that port 
The troops from the 8th Brigade will proceed without delay. Those 
from the 15th Brigade will arrive as follows: One detachment on the 
24th May, one on the 8th June, and the balance on the 12th. And 
*h<jse from the 11th Brigade at the following periods: Two detachments 
°n the 10th June, one on the 21st, and the bailance on the 25th. 

The Infantry will go unarmed to Norfolk, where they will be supplied 
from the public Arsenals. Such of the riflemen as have public arms 
will take them along. It is expected that the whole number required 
Mill tike the field. 

The Commandants of Brigades will apportion the number equally 
among the different Regiments, allowing each a credit for the service it 
has performed over and above the requisition of April, 1812. The 59th 
Regiment is exempted from this requisition, as it has already performed 
its due proportion of service. 

All claims to exemption from duty must be made before a Regimental 
Court Martial, to be held for the purpose of hearing excuses. The men 
will be mustered and inspected by the Adjutant of the Regiment, or 
some officer specially appointed by the Commandant as mustering 
officer, who, together with the officer commanding the company and the 
Regimental Surgeon, must sign the muster-roll and be responsible for its 
correctness. Three sets of muster-rolls must be made out for each Com- 
pany, forms of which are herewith sent. Let tne column of najne* 
be filled first, with the commissioned officers according to rank ; then 
with the non-commissioned officers and musicians ; and lastly, with the 
privates in utyhaltetititil wde.r. In the column for names preterit let the 



1814. names of those in the first column he repeated where they are actually 
present and pa** inspection ; and under the head of Remarks, &c } let 
such facts he noted as are worth v of remark, and have occurred in rela- 
tion to any one of them opposite his name. It must also be noted 
whether he he a substitute or not. 

One copy of the muster-roll, when complete, must he forwarded to 
this office, another retained for the use of the commanding officer of the 
Company, in making out his pay-roll, &c, and the third for the com- 
manding General at Norfolk. 

Captain Joseph Wheaton, Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-General at 
this place, will furnish the necessary means of transportation, forage, 
&c, and make arrangements for the supply of provisions, tfrc, on the 

The above troops are called into service under an act of Congress 
passed the 18th of April, 1814, and will consequently serve six months, 
unless sooner discharged. 

By order. Claiborne Gooch, D. A. G., 

For Mosks Green, A. G. 

Each detachment will be made to consist, as near as practicable, of 1 
Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Ensigns, 5 Sergeants, G Corporals, 1 Drummer, 
1 Fi fer, and 100 privates. 

James Dankiiead (Adj't-Gen'l) to Claiborne W. Gooch (Pep. 

Adj ? t Gen'l.) 

May 11, The arrangement you have made in your General Orders of the $th 

or ° instant meets the approbation of the commanding General. 

General Porter requests me to state to his Excellency the Governor, 
that until the regulars recruited in Virginia shall have arrived at this 
Post, the number of militia will not be diminished, and begs that the 
whole number required may be ordered on as soon as practicable. 

I am, &c. 

General Orders. Adjutant-General's Office, 

Richmond, ISth May, 18 14. 

In compliance with a requisition on the militia of this State by the 
President, signified through the commanding officer at Norfolk, to re- 
place Troops whose term of service will shortly expire, the Commandant 
of the Gth Brigade will detail 492 officers and men, which, including 
Capt. Levi James's Company of Riflemen, of Lotidoun, will he appor- 


tioned in the following manner, viz.: 1 Major, 5 Capts., 11 Lieutenants, 1814. 
13 Ensigns, 20 Sergeants, 39 Corporals, 4 Drummers, 4 fifers, and 386 
private*. A due proportion will be taken from the Light Infantry by 
entire Companies, as the law directs. The whole- will proceed with the 
least possible delay to Norfolk, which is hereby established as the place 
of rendezvous, and report themselves to the commanding officer at that 
post. The Infantry will go unarmed to Norfolk, where they will be sup- 
plied from the public arsenals. If the Riflemen are armed with public 
Rifles, they will take them along. The men will be mustered and in- 
spected as directed by the General Orders of the 8th instant. 

Capt. Joseph Wheaton, A. D. Q. M. Gen'l at this place, will furnish 
the necessary means of transportation, forage, &c, and make arrange- 
ments for the supply of provisions on the inarch. The above Troops 
are called into service under an act of Congress passed the 18th of 
April, 1814, and will consequently serve six months unless sooner dis- 

Tuos. Gregg (Capt. in the 56tii Ubu't) to the Governor. 

It is with extreme reluctance I take upon myself to trouble you, but May 18, 

I consider it a duty incumbent on me as an officer and a citizen to address Ljudoun 

. . . County 

you on a subject in which hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of the citi- 

ft'ns? of Virginia are deeply interested. I regret to see the great sacrifice 

°f property that is about to be made ; the honest and good citizens of 

this Commonwealth seized on and dragged to prison like criminals, who 

W up to you as a father and defender of their legal rights, and hope 

for that protection they have failed to receive from a Court Martial. 

The General Orders from the Adjutant-General's office, Richmond. 
March 24th, 1813, called out a certain portion of Militia detailed for Ser- 
T ife under the General Orders of April 19th, 1812, ordering the said 
Militia to march to Richmond, the place established as the general ren- 
dezvous. Many failed to comply with this call ; some being of that re- 
sectable denomination of people called quakers ; others, for various rea- 
tt,, w, appeared willing to subject themselves to the penalties of the law, 
*hich amounted to a fine not exceeding twelve months' pay. 

A second requisition was made on this county, I believe, some time in 
July last The men that were held in requisition, and failed to go to Rich- 
,,,o nd under the General Orders of the 24th of March, 1818, though the 
time they were called for had not expired, were again ordered under a 
^nd call from the United States to march to Alexandria. They like- 
wise failed to comply with this call. At a special Court Martial, of 
which I was a member, convened at Leesburg some time since for the 
purpose of assessing the fines on those of the; 5Gth and 57th Reg'ts of 
Virginia Militia that failed to march to Richmond and Alexandria, 


1814. according to the orders of the President of the United States. Those 

LoudounCo yalne men were * me d f° r not nisirehiiig to Richmond, ninety-six dollars, 
and not marching to Alexandria, ninety-six dollars, which fines amounted 
to the enormous sum of one hundred and ninety-two dollars for failing 
to perform military duty within the course of six months. And they 
are sentenced to he imprisoned one callendar month for every fixe Dol- 
lars they fail to pay of the said fines, though many of them, to ray cer- 
tain knowledge, are not worth half that sum. 

I woidd call the attention of your Excellency to the 26th section of 
the Militia Law of Virginia, passed January the 28th, 1804, which says 
a non-commissioned officer or private failing to report Jo the place of 
rendezvous, cfcc, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding Eighty Dollars, to be 
adjudged and determined by their respective Bat'n Com'ts of enquiry, 
and moreover shall he enrolled in the class destined to perform the next 
tour of duty. No Bat'n Court of enquiry was held in this County last 
summer between the time the militia were called to Richmond and 
Alexandria. Of course they were not adjudged and enrolled by that 
Court ; neither do I think that that Court had any jurisdiction over 
those called into service and held in requisition under the authority and 
by the laws of the United States, passed February 28th, 1795, under 
which those men were tried and fined ninetv-six Dollars for each offence, 
although this law does not say they shall be enrolled in the clas? 
destined to perform the next tour of duty. 

The -Hh Section says no officer or private of the militia shall be com- 
pelled to serve more than in due rotation with every other able-bodied 
man of the same rank in the Bat'n to which he belongs; yet those same 
men have been called upon (under the laws referred to, or the laws exist- 
ing in 1813,) to serve two tours within the same six months under two 
calls from the United States, which was impossible to |>erfonii 
(although not one-eighth of the militia of the 50'th and 57th Keg'tswere 
called out the first, and not so many the second call). If these griev- 
ances are allowed to exist, the property of many Individuals will be 
sacrificed and the jails filled with the unfortunate people.* If these 
grievances should legally come under your notice, I hope you will not 
fail to relieve the sufferers as speedilv as vou conveniently can, who are 
looking up to you witli anxiety and hope. I should be glad to hear 
from you on the subject. 

I am, &c. 
* The Quakers. 


Wm. Mattox (Major 62nd Keu't) to the Governor. 

The term of service of the men now stationed at Fort Powhatan isu. 
Wing nearly expired, and in consequence of the death of the late Col. 'pmiee' 
Miles Selden, the duty of Commandant of the 62nd Rcg't having de- George 
volved on me, I have taken the liberty of applying to your Excellency 
for instructions in regard to the mode of supplying at least a sufficient 
guard for the safety and preservation of the public .stores deposited at 
that place. 

I am, &c. 

John C. Couorn (Briu'u Gen'l)-to tub Governor. 

I will avail myself of the present opportunity to signify to your May 26, 
Excellency in}' intentions of resigning the office of Brigadier General, ^ u » oik 
and have herewith forwarded mv commission. 

To particularize the reasons which influence this determination, is, I 
presume, unimportant 

1 am, &c. 

David IIahimjrave Statement. 

He was sent on the 27th of May in the barges of the Loire Frigate, 

rated at 38 but carries 50 Guns, Thomns Brown, Captain, to Smith 

Island at Cape Charles, to take live stock. The parties carried away one 

bullock and 30 sheep, and while putting them in the barges he deserted. 

About one month past the said Frigate with a transport of provisions 

came to Tangier Island, then training to make soldiers at the Camp on 

the Island seven hundred negroes; the negro women and children were 

sent to Bermuda and Halifax. While he was at Tangier a barge from 

the Jaseur Brig, then up the bay, came down to the fleet and brought 

information that the brig had one hundred negro men on board who 

-would be sent down in a day or two to the Camp on Tangier. That 

negroes were then on shore with money to entice the slaves to go to the 

whips. That after dark the barges were sent near the shore. The negroes 

who wished to get on board made signals by niising a light, when the barges 

would go and take them off' — a barge usually carried 500 men. He, the 

said Hardgrave, was born in Boston, and at the age of three or four years 

was taken to England by his father, where he had been ever since 'till he 

entered into the service 7 years ago. 

The foregoing statement was made to me by David Hardgrave at 


1814. Drummonri Town, May 30th, 1814. Same day the deserter was directed 
to go to New York where lie said he wished to get, saying he had a sis- 
ter there, and was by trade a sail maker. I permit no deserter to stay 

in the County. 

Tho. M. Bayly. 

Thus. M. Bayley (Lt. Col 2nd Re<;t.) to the Governor. 

May 31, On yesterday morning at half past 7 o'clk., a very heavy cannonadiug 

Accomack wa8 j, e . irc j a | m y } lousej an( | instantly an express informed me that the 

enemy in a Tender and seven barges were entering Onancock Creek. I 
expected his intention was to attack Onancock Town, about 8 miles from 
me, but when I reached that place I found he was in Pungoteague Creek 

8 miles further; that he had come close in the mouth of Onancock Creek, 
caused an alarm to be sounded at that station to draw the Militia there, 
and then pursued his course down to Pungoteague. 

At 9 o'clock I fell in with a part of two companies of Infantry, about 
fifty, with our elegant brass cannon and about twenty-five old men who 
had joined them about one mile and a half from where the enemy were 
engaged. Here I received the information that the enemy had landed 
below, a station where I had heretofore had a guard, with five hundred 
men partly negroes, all in full uniform ; that he had captured a cannon and 
was then formed in line in a large open field, about a mile in advance 
from his landing place. Believing that he intended to retain his ground 
during the hollydays, that the slaves from Accomack and Northampton 
might join his standard, or that his intention was to obtain live-stock, I 
communicated to the officers and soldiers then present, my plan to attaclff 
him in front and retreat, to draw him further from his boats, while de- 
tachments from the right and left was to cut off his retreat to his barges* - 
I entertained no doubt, but during the day to have a force amply sufri- 
cient to effect my intention (and I should not have been deceived). I 
then went and joined Major Finney and his detachment about half-pa- 1 

9 oVPk. when the enemy was leaving our shores defeated. The point t>f 
land where he landed was on a point of marsh, on the north side o* 
Pungoteague creek, a (juarter of a mile below a station where I had here- 
tofore fixed a guard, but had broken it up about the time of my las** 
communication to your Excellency. Pungoteague and Onancock Creek* 
run about three miles apart, nearly parallel, seven miles in the country ; 
a large road runs down this neck of land nearly an equal distance from 
both creeks, with a thick woods on each side. A guard of thirty men 
was placed on the south side of Pungoteague creek, but they could ren- 
der no assistance — the enemy always without the reach of their mus- 
ketry. At 7 o'clock the enemy crossed the bar of Pungoteague in 
eleven barges and launches in two divisions. The centre barge wore a 


large broad Flag ; two Tenders, a sloop, and schooner lay off in the bay 1814. 
close in. Upon their first fire (an 18 lb. cannon), the Albion 74, Rear A \j£ y '* l L 
Admiral Coekburn's ship, in full view, was decorated with a great number 
of elegant colours. 

Lieutenant Thos. Underbill of the Artillery, who had charge of a can- 
non at his house (about one mile from the station before mentioned). 
with it and five men repaired to that place. He was soon afterwards 
joined by Major John Finney, who lived on Onancock creek, and with 
ten men had been watching the enemy from his first appearance. At 
J past 7 the enemy commenced his attack upon Major Finney with 181b 
"hot and Congreve Rocketts, which was returned with rapid firing by 
Lieutenant Underhill. Soon afterwards Captain Isaac Smith, who had 
been stationed on Onancock creek about four miles from that place, made 
f'i* appearance with 20 men, and occupied a pine wood on the right. 
The enemy then opened his fire upon Capt. Smith, and at the same time 
u !> ( m the detachment stationed on the South side of Pungoteague creek, 
and the attack was then general. The enemy used his 181b., 121b., 41b., 
wnnister and grape shot and congreve Rocketts with great profusion, 
hut without effect. He soon landed from eight barges and Launches one 
quarter of a mile from Major Finney and Lieutenant Underhill, and gave 
three cheers; put about 30 negroes in full uniform in front and rushed 
u i*>n the Major, receiving and giving a continued fire. Major Finney 
ordered Lieut. Underhill to retreat with his cannon, but the Lieut, not 
having men to take off his cannon, charged with cannister shot, and 
when the enemy had reached him in column about 100 yards distant, 
ne Rave him a well directed fire, spiked his cannon and effected his re- 
treat. The enemy then advanced with 30 negroes, 400 or 450 sailors and 
n,a rines, as nearly as I can ascertain, and took possession of a large open 
neUl^ an j w ith a small party the house of John Smith, aged 70, near to it, 
and formed a Battalion about one mile from his landing place. Major Fin- 
ne y "with 15 men now occupied a thick skirt of woods on his right, and 
* }l l >t;u'n Smith with his 20 men occupied a thick woods on his left. During 
the whole of this time an incessant fire of musketry was kept up on 
hoth sides, with cannon and congreve Rocketts from the barges then in 
the creek, three of which had never landed and had moved up the creelc. 
* n U. short time the enemy rushed to the woods occupied by Captain 
k Ir *ith, drove him from it and took possession. This woods was nearly 
lm *ted with the woods occupied by Major Finney; between them was an 
°! > ^>ri field nearly in the form of a triangle, with a fence on each side. 
11* «* enemy had the advantage of Major Finney in having a ditch and 
"k^lc on which his fence was placed, the ditch next the woods. In this 
8l *-Uation each advanced along their fence towards the angle of the field, 
k^ping up an incessant fire, when al>out one hundred yards apart, the 
* )V *glc horn sounded from the barges a retreat which was instantly and 


1814. cheerfully obeyed. At this place a negro in full uniform was left dead; 

a . ay V \, ne was m advance. They were one mile from their barges ; half of the 

distance was marsh. His retreat was rapid and without order except a 

corps of 80 marines who covered their retreat. They entered their barges 

and made all sail to their Fort and Camp on Tangier Island. 

Six wounded men or dead bodies were seen to be carried in blankets 
to their barges, and blood was found at three places. Our loss, one pri- 
vate badly wounded, but not dangerously. 

In this action, Major Finney has proved himself to bean officer brave 
and judicious. Capt. Smith honorably discharged his duty. Lieut 
Underhill lost his cannon, but I hope the daring courage he displayed 
will excuse him with your Excellency, and that you will confide to hira 
another. The other officers, non-commissioned officers and privates, 
behaved as they ought to have done, and I cannot understand who dis- 
charged his duty best. But I must not omit mentioning old Mr. Ben- 
jamin Phillips, who now resides near Hampton. He formerly lived in 
Accomack, where he was born, near the place of this action, and was on 
a visit to his friends. He joined Major Finney in the action, and con- 
tinued with him throughout the whole, and pursued the enemy to their 

The exertions made, and the desire to meet the enemy by the other 
officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates of the Second Regi- 
ment, must have removed any doubt on my mind, if one ever existed, 
that they will equally distinguish themselves when an opportunity offers. 

If the Enemy had continued on shore, by 2 o'clock I should have had 
a force amply sufficient to effect his capture or destruction. By that 
time nearly the whole of the Second Regiment would have reached the 
field, and we were most nobly joined by a proportion of our old citizen* 
from 45 to GO years old. I am persuaded the enemy must have oh- 
served the militia collecting in every direction, or he would not have 
sounded a retreat, for he effected not bin*. 

The enclosed statement will shew you our loss, and give you some in- 
formation of the loss of the Enemy. 

I have the honor to be, <fcc. 

Statement of loss sustained by 2nd Regiment Va. Militia at Pungo- 
tcngue, Whit Sunday, 1814 : 

Ezer Kellom, private, wounded badly, believed not mortal. 

One Iron 4 lb. cannon, made at the Virginia manufactory, captured; 
the ammunition chest saved. 

Two barracks, about 20 feet square, each built very rough of Pine 
plank, burnt. 4 pieces of bacon, 1 small hog taken from Mr. Smith. 
Many articles of his furniture was prepared to be taken off, but was 
abandoned when the Retreat sounded, and some dressed beef drop|*d 
in their way to their boats. 


/by the enemy on the field, in the woods on the march, two sword 1814. 
one gilt ; near it a boarding pistol, marked W. S., and with blood Accomack 
on it ; 4 Cartridge boxes, 1 musket, 3 boarding pikes, 3 Cutlasses, 

onets, 200 Musket Cartridges, several shoes. The dead body of a 

in full uniform. 

has. Bagwell (Lt. Col. 99th Reot.) to the Governor. 

•eing my opinion that a full representation of the perilous situation June 9, 

County of Accomack ought to be made known to your Excellency, Accoma °k 

» taken the liberty to enumerate those of the greatest importance. 

i British at this time have erected a strong Fort on Tangier Island 

i the limits of the County. A ship of 74 Guns with several other 

1 vessels, are stationed within Nanticoke Sound opposite the Island. 

siderable number of negroes in their Fort, which it is rejK>rted they 

lining to the use of the Musket. And from this County several 

js have run to the shipping, which are said to be excellent Pilots 

3 Creeks and Harbours along our Coast. 

ir barges almost daily off the mouths of our Creeks, and a descent 

dually made on Sunday the 29th of last month at Pungoteague, 

skirmish ensued, the particulars of which shall leave to the com- 

int of the 2nd Regiment to detail. 

consequence of the enemy having such a formidable force in our 

x>rhood, I have thought it for the safety of the upper part of the 

y to order out two companies of Militia, and have divided them so 

;uardfourof the most exposed situations. To-wit: Hunting Creek, 

>rd Creek, Misongo Creek and Pocomoke River, and shall continue 

as long as provision can be procured or the danger disappears. 

the active exertions of Captain John Drumraond a Company of 

crests have been raised ; they are without cannon or arms of any 

and munitions. If it is practicable to have them furnished, shall 

der an obligation to your Excellency to write me when it may be 

ted. Several Volunteer Companies have been raised lately, and one 

im Riflemen, which I consider as the most efficient force that can 

ployed in our County if Rifles can be procured. Mr. George D. 

Capt., Mr. Thos. B. Custis and John B. Walker, first and second 

jnants, were elected by the above Rifle Corps who are spirited young 

and I believe will make excellent officers. 

opinion is that to grant commissions to Volunteer Companies will 

mo good purpose, except they can be furnished with arms, as it 

8 disgust among the officers of the Companys from which the men 

withdrawn, and will fill our County with Supernumerary officers, 

elieve several companies of them will be reduced below the num- 

e law requires. 

I am, &c. 


It. E. Parker (Lt.-Col. 111th Reu't) to the Governor. 

1814. On Thursday, the 2nd Inst., a negro man, the property of a citizen of 

Westmore- this bounty, appeared at his master's, from whom he had some months 
land Co. before fled to the enemy, with a story of his having escaped from ye 
Tangier Island on the Tuesday night before, in consequence of his being 
badly treated, and of the fear he entertained of being sold in the \V. I. 
His tale was credited, but hearing of it myself on Friday, I had him 
arrested and examined on Oath. He was so plausible and artful, that 
notwithstanding I suspected his designs, yet there appeared nothing 
against him that would justify me in keeping him under guard. His 
master, however, and others, promised to keep over him the strictest 
watch, and communicate to me their observations of his conduct On 
Sunday I learnt that an old free woman had on that day revealed the 
intention of this negro's returning to the Enemy, with many others, and 
that on that night the Barges were to be in Yeocomico to take them off. 

The militia were ordered ; the negro arrested late in the evening, and 
every preparation taken to defeat the scheme. 

On Monday night, I again commenced the examination of thw fellow, 
and of several others charged with a participation in the scheme. After 
a very long and minute investigation, it turned out that this Fellow had 
been set ashore in Northumberland bv the Enemv about 10 davs before 
he made his appearance to his master. That he was sent to spirit away 
as many slaves as possible, who were to be taken off in their barges at 
Barren Point, in Northumberland, on Sunday, the 5th Inst. 

That thev were to fire two Guns to let him know thev were at the 
mouth of Potomac, and would be true to the appointment; and that he 
was at Night to hold up a lighted candle as a signal that himself and 
party were ready. It is to be remarked that this signal of two Guns was 
given from a large ship of the Enemy, which anchored in or near the 
mouth of the Potomac on Sunday evening. He informed further that 
black men on going on board had their choice to become blue Jackets 
hike ttp (inn*, or join the working party. That the few who chose to take 
arms were trained oh the Island occupied by British officers, with what 
views he knew not. That the force on the Island when he left it was not 
more than 200 men and two pieces of Artillery. 

Thinking it probable, and this fellow declaring, that if the Enemy wen? 
in view at any time, they would come ashore on the signals being dis- 
played, I went over to Northumberland on Thursday evening last with 
thirty-odd men, on whom I could rely, to try the experiment at or near 
to Barren point. But unluckily the weather was very bad, and as «° 
Enemy's vessel was in sight, so the expedition failed, but the experiment 
will be repeated at a proper time. 

The Northumberland slaves are every day effecting their escape, and 


am confident that unless some vigorous measures are. adopted and a 1814. 
sufficient force allowed us, this whole peninsula will he stripped of its \Vestmore- 
nost valuable personal property. land County 

In ujany places corn fields are deserted and turned out, and every 
ppearanee of insecurity and wretchedness exhibited. 

I am, &c. 

Tiios. M. ISayley (Lt.-Col. 2nd Kku't) to the Governor. 
Knowing the multiplicity of business which constantly engages your June II, 

A frf oiiim'k 

excellency, I have avoided forwarding dispatches except when I con- 
idered it absolutely necessary. 

From events which have lately occurred, and from information I have 
eeeived, this part of Virginia will be invaded whenever the enemy coll- 
iders he can profit by it. I have sent Lieut. Wise to you ; he will in- 
omi your Excellency the position of my guards, the force and situation 
)f the enemy, and to endeavor to obtain cannon and Rifles and atiitnu- 
nition. Lieut. Wise is ordered by the way of Baltimore with directions 
lo call on Major Gen '1 Smith (to whom I have written), to aid him in 
the purchase of ammunition and to stop at Washington and communi- 
cate to the Governor of the U. S. the state of fortifications on Tangier's. 
Indeed, Sir, the Enemy can and ought to be driven from that place soon. 
They have now but few cannon mounted, and are daily expecting a large 
supply. Now a landing might be effected on the north end of the Island 
and the camp carried. I received your Excellency's letter of the 25th 
April on the 3rd of May, and requested Col. Cropper, who visited Phila- 
delphia upon private business, to engage powder and Ball in Wilmington 
or Philadelphia to the amount of three hundred dollars, and forward it 
tonie; the money to be paid by draft upon the Executive of Virginia, 
and I gave Col. Cropper your letter showing I had authority to draw. 
He has returned and informs me that he could not obtain the Powder 
and Ball without the cash (perhaps Lieut. Wise can obtain it at Balti- 
•nore). I have been careful of the ammunition, the officers and soldiers 
account for all delivered to them, and all are impressed with the impor- 
tance of preserving it. I entertain no doubt of its not being wasted. 
The 2nd Reg't has had neither arms, ammunition, or any military stores 
°f ftny kind captured since the war, when on their way to Accomack nor 
^ter they arrived (except at Pungoteague the 29th ulto.), nor do I think 
toe danger great when the bay is crossed in the night. I should, how- 
5Ve r, to avoid all hazard, recommend to the Executive to forward here- 
after supplies to this county by the way of Annapolis to Cambridge in 
•Wehester County, Maryland, 90 miles from Accomack Court House. 
The enemy are very seldom as high up the bay. 


1814. Caj)t. Level) S. Joynes has not obtained his commission from Ri 

Accomack mont ^ — n * 8 company is large and in handsome uniform. They have 1 
fixed up two old 4 lb. cannon which have been lying out since the Re 
lution, and are rendered very inferior by the rust. I wish to obtain th 
six pound cannon ; two for him and one to supply the six pounder ! 
from Capt. J. G. Joynes' company the 29th ulto. The brass 4 poi 
cannon I wish to keep to move from the Court House to any poin 
attack. The enclosed return from Capt. J. J. Teakle will show you w 
he wishes. Capt. Teakle thinks himself neglected, having never recei 
his Rifles. His company in uniform has our most inferior musk 
Lieut. Wise is also anxious to establish a company of Riflemen, j 
should commissions issue, no doubt can be entertained but that tl 
will be usefully and honorably employed. 

We have no rifles on this shore, but should they be forwarded to th 
two companies the inferior muskets will be taken out of the Regim< 
for we shall then have a sufficiency of good arms. In consequence 
the letter from the Dep'y Adj.-General of the 9th of May, written 
order of your Excellency, which I received on the 2nd Inst, I assemb 
the field officers and the Captains of the Regiment, and now forwi 
their accounts by Lieut Wise tor settlement, who will receive the mon 
The Quarter Master has made all his purchases for cash prices. 1 
officers and citizens have advanced to the paymaster cash ui>on loj 
but, Sir, would it not be advisable to forward Cash in advance, or a di 
upon the Sheriff, who informs me he will advance money to my orde 
authorized by you. The great expence which this Commonwealth a 
the Government of the U. S. has to encounter, the calculation of 1 
Enemy upon destroying our revenue — I have avoided all expenses wh 
were not absolutely and indispensibly necessary, and accordingly hi 
refused to have purchased many articles for the Camps which seem 
be j-equired to be purchased. It would give me great pain if it shoi 
appear to your Excellency that the public money had been wasted, 
save expense, I called into service only two companies of Infantry, 
the time of my last communication to you, and fixed 4 camps, but < 
Enemy having attacked Occahannock, I have been compelled lo fiJ 
guard there. Many of the most respectable citizens think the gua 
ought to be increased, but I continue to refuse to comply with their 
pealed applications, thereby avoiding expense and to permit the poor 
the militia to spare some time to labour and support their families; a 
from an alarm created on Monday night, the olst Inst, it may safely 
avoided. On that night alarm Guns were fired, and by one half hour 
sun in the morning I had the pleasure to see at the place of expect 
attack two hundred of the militia and citizens exempt from milita 
duty. On the 21st ulto. I ordered all the canoes and boats within t 
limits of the regiment on the sea and bay shores to be taken from th 


mere and secured. This is very severe upon the poor who supply their 1814. 
tnilies by fishing, hut has prevented the negroes from going to the j^JS^, 1 ^V. 
lemy, and perhaps from their obtaining some provisions. But 15 slaves 
we deserted to the Enemy from the limits of the Regiment since he 
« fixed his standard on Tangier. I have caused to be arrested several 
arsons who I suspected traded with the Enemy, and all travellers who 
■e strangers, are required to give an account of themselves before they 
% permitted to pass in the County. I have also been compelled to 
ifuse permission to the Islanders from coming to the main, and hope 
lereby to cut off all intercourse. I have received information (the truth 
I" which I do not doubt) that the Islanders supply the fleet with fish 
ale and shell), for which they are well paid; that it is a voluntary act 
i their part. My duty would be arduous and difficult had I not the 
ldivided support of the Regiment ; although the strictest military dis- 
pline has been required and performed of men who never before knew 
hat hardship and restraint were, yet any order which I have issued has 
*n promptly and willingly obeyed. 

Since the attack on Pungoteague, two Islanders have come off, one to 
nnainessex and one to the limits of the 99th Regiment. One says that 
e Enemy on that day lost 8 killed and 14 wounded, the other 6 killed 
id 14 wounded. I am informed that one object they had in view that 
iy was to cut out the Schooner Hiram. When the Enemy took posses- 
m of Watts and Tangier Island the 5th of April, he anchored on 
ingier Spit two miles from his fleet, the schooner Hiram of New York 
irthen 800 Bbls. (which he had captured), as a buoy. To the masts 
ere nailed large boards with a chart of the harbour drawn on them, and 
o courses and distances to the principal Rivers and harbours in the bay. 
J this vessel all the ships coming up the bay sent their boats for infor- 
ation ; no person ever stayed on board the schooner. Upon receiving 
is information, a plan was formed at Pungoteague guard to take advan- 
ce of the night and a strong North west wind and cut her cable. This 
an the Kneniv was afterwards informed of, but before it was executed 
a violent N. W. Gale the last of April, she parted her cable and came 
shore between Andua and Pungoteague Creeks. The Enemy still 
Heve she was cut out to endanger their ships on the shoal ; and on the 
h of May in the night, with 3 or 4 barges he attempted to enter Occa- 
nnock. having mistaken it for Pungoteague, but was repulsed by a 
urd I have established on Occahannock. The schooner Hiram is in 
Session of the citizens who secured her after she came on shore, and 
? agents of the Patapsco insurance Company, Baltimore, and is to be 
•I this evening. Is not the Commonwealth of Virginia or the U. 8. 
titled to the Hiram? 

Vour Excellency will excuse me for asking your advice. 1st. Should 
pprehend traitors supplying the Enemy with provisions, shall I send 


1814. them to Richmond to be trved in the Federal court or deliver them over 

Aa^mack to ^ e tr * vec * m tnc Superior court of Law m tn * s County? 2nd. Should 
any property of the Enemy as the case of the Hiram, be driven on shore, 
shall it be claimed for the State of Virginia or the U. S., and by whom? 
3rd. In case of peace, and the Enemy should abandon Tangiers and not 
destroy his camp, it will be valuable, and I expect he will give it to the 
Islanders; shall it be taken possession of for the State or U. S., and by 

Your Excellency will excuse me for this tedious communication, nor 
have I time to make it more connected. 

I am. &c. 

DmiMMOM) Town. Jftur 10th, IS 11 

Dkaii Sir, — Since you requested me to draw a chart of the Eastern 
Shore of the Chesapeake contiguous to the Enemy's fortifications on 
Tangier Island, I have been so much engaged that I could not possibly 
comply with your request. I hope, however, by notes of reference to 
Madison's Map of Virginia, I can convey such information as may 
answer the object contemplated by you. Madison's Map, so far as relates 
to the Eastern shore and the contiguous Islands, is on the whole extremely 
incorrect. Tangier Island is actually situated very near the place when' 
Watt's Islands are laid down on the Map, and Watt's Islands between 
there and the contiguous Main land. 

The British ship Albion, Admiral Coekbum. has remained for two 
months anchored in the Sound between Tangier and Watt's Islands, very 
near to Tangier. The Enemy's Barracks, Hospital, cfcc, are near the south 
end of Tangier, within gun-shot of the Albion. The situation of the 
Albion with respect to the different creeks on which guards are stationed 
is nearly as follows, beginning at the most northerly : From Peep Crock 
the Albion bears about W. by S. distant, lo miles. Cheseonessix Creek 
is actuallv situated about where Onancock is laid down from which the 
Albion bears West, distant, 12 miles. Onancock is about 3 miles south 
of Chesconessex ; from Onancock she bears about N. \\\, distant 1>! 
miles, l'ungotcague is about 5 miles South of Onancock ; from there she 
bears N. N. \V., distant 1(> miles. Occohannock is about 9 miles south 
of Pungoteague; from there she bears about N. by W., distant 22 milt* 
Watt's Island is about r> miles from C'hesconessix. 

I am informed the enemy frequent lv has sentinels all around Watt* 
Island. From there he has obtained a considerable quantity of Fud* 
The Sound between Watt's Island and the main has been navigated l»y 
the Enemy's Frigates, and is, 1 believe, navigable by a ship of the line. 
A shoal (called the Spit) extends from the South End of Tangier as low 


down as opposite Pungoteague ; and another from Watt's Island extending 1814. 
equally low — so that the ships of the Enemy, when going up or down 
the hay from Tangier, have to go down as low as Pungoteague before 
they can cross the shoal. 

I have the honor to be, 

Y'r obed't serv't, 

Thos. R. Jovnks. 
"ol.Thos. M. Bnvlv. 

N. B. — Peep creek at the Guard is about 250 yards wide; Chesco- 
icssix almut 500 yards wide; Onnncock about J of a mile; Pungoteague 
; mile wide; Occohannoek about J of a mile wide. 

T. R. J. 

John* Finney (Major 2nd Kent.) to the Governor. 

George D. Wise, Kscjr., having raised a company which he purposes June 12, 
"or a RiHe Corps, and being desirous of obtaining Commissions for the Accon,ack 
*ame, I beg leave to state for your Excellency's information that in my 
>|>inion he is every way qualified for such a station, and that such a corps 
provided they could obtain Rifles, Would be highly useful to us in our 
present harrnssed situation. 

I am, «fcc. 

Wm. 1\. Citstis (Major 2nd Keo't) to the Governor. 

Recommending George I). Wise for a commission as Captain of a June 10, 
title Company, which he has already raised in Accomack, and enclosing "jWn 
luster roll of same, and certificate of his election as Captain by the 

Thos. M. Bayly (Lt.-(V>l. 2nd Keo't) to the Governor. 

The accounts of the Regiment against the State not being ready to be June 10, 
warded when I expected, Lt. Wise has been detained until to-day. Accomack 

Yesterday were arrested, according to orders, three men from the 
stand. It was the day of sale of a quantity of Sugar, the cargo of the 
Yivateer Moro, of Baltimore, at Drummond Town, where a large num- 
er of persons from this and the neighboring counties was collected, 
hese Islanders came off in the morning, but not to make purchases. 

Middleton Mason, from Fox's Island, upon examination, I considered 
ad no evil intention, and it being the first time that he had been off, 


1814. and pleading ignorance of orders to that effect, was discharged. James 
Accomack ^ ar ^ er ant ^ Josiah Parker are proprietors of Watt's Island. James Par- 
ker I have permitted to return, having his canoe examined by an officer 
previous to leaving Hunting Creek. Josiah Parker I have ordered into 
custody of the guard, and wish your Excellency's advice what is best to 
be done with him. I have no doubt of his improper intercourse with 
the Enemy, who is in possession of his Island. He has been on shore 
on various pretences. On the 20th of May he came on shore with Thos. 
Martin, in Martin's Shallop, with a negro man of his mother's. I gave 
orders that the Shallop should be watched privately, and when a1»out to 
return to the Island to be boarded and examined, which was accordingly 

There was found on board sundry articles of provisions which he 
al lodged he had permission from Col. Bagwell to take on the Island. 
Enclosed is a paper obtained from Martin, who stated he had been in 
Annamessex (Maryland), for his vessel, and had obtained a flag from the 
commanding officer of Militia there to go on board the Admiral's Ship 
to endeavor to get a canoe which had been taken by slaves who had gone 
over to the Enemy, and permission to bring round his vessel. Martin's 
and Parker's tales do not agree. I reprimanded them, and permitted 
them to depart, ordering Parker not to return while his Island was in 
possession of the Enemy. He afterwards came off, and last week again, 
but returned without my knowledge, as he landed both times within the 
limits of the 99th Regt. Yesterday however again rinding him off I 
arrested him. He seemed determined to live with the enemv, and to 
come over to the main whenever he pleases. I was informed yesterday' 
that no flag had been granted from Annamessex. 

There are very many strong circumstances against this man. It would 
be very desirable to have your Excellency's order prohibiting all inter- 
course between these Islands and the main land; and in caseofthei*" 
persisting in coming off, what must be done with them. 

I am, «fcc. 

A Chpy. 

This is to certify that Josiah Parker has permission from Rear Admin*. * 
Cock burn to bring some cows from Annamessex (on the main), to Watf^ 5, 

Given under my hand on Board H. M. ship Albion, 13th of May, 1*1*- 

Charles B. H. Ross. 


John Blackwell (Brio.-Gkn'l) to the Governor. 

A Law having passed by the General Assembly of this Commonwealth 1814. 
on the 14th day of February last, making it the duty of the Brigadier- p,^"."^. 8 ^ 
Generals to attend the several Regimental musters in each year within 
their respective Brigades without compensation — thinking, as I do. that 
4he public interest will not be advanced by it, and having arrived at a 
period of life which would make the duty required of me very incon- 
venient, you will therefore, Sir, please to accept my resignation as Briga- 
dier-General commanding the fifth Brigade of Virginia Militia. 

I am, &c. 

General Orders. Adjutant-General's Office, 

Richmond, June 22, 18 H. 

The probability of an invasion from the Enemy during' the present 
Summer, and the uncertainty at what moment it may be attempted, ren- 
der it necessary that the most effectual precautionary measures be imme- 
diately taken to resist such attempt. The Commandants of the 38th, 
102nd, 23rd, 39th, 83rd, 02nd, 71st, 15th, 74th, 30th, 10th, 45th, 25th, 
M>, 33rd, 52nd, 87th, 9th, and 19th Regiments will therefore parade their 
'espective Regiments, in Battalion, for the purpose of inspecting arms, 
Lc coutrements, Ammunition, &c, in their possession. 
They will make to this office special reports without delay of the order 
,f l condition of the whole, the deficiency in any respect which may 
:, st, and what articles arc indispensibly necessary to place them in the. 
r ***t respectable posture of defence. Should any delinquencies exist, 
e law in relation thereto must be rigidly enforced. Every Company 
*1 be immediately placed in requisition, and held in complete 
tnke the field at a moment's warning. The Commandants of Regi- 
- *its contiguous to the probable theatre of invasion, will be vigilant in 
tilling the movements of the enemy. Should he manifest an intention 
t Making a descent upon any particular point, the commandants obtain- 
> such information will lose no time in communicating it to the Com- 
^•iidants of Regiments, from which succour can be derived, with orders 
l>roceed forthwith with their commands en maw. to the places of Gcn- 
**1 Rendezvous, hereafter detailed to check his operations. 
*Xhe troops from Goochland, Powhatan, Caroline, Chesterfield, and the 
*\>er Battalions of Hanover and Henrico will rendezvous at Richmond. 
*ose from Dinwiddie at Petersburg. Those from Prince George, Surry, 
Ul Sussex at Fort Powhatan. Those from King George, Spotsylvania, 
*<1 Stafford at Fredericksburg, or between the Potomac and Rappa- 

^unoc-k, if the approach of the enemy be up the former river. If the 



1814. movements of the Enemy be up York river, the troops from Essex, New 
Kent, Charles City, and the lower Battalions of Hanover and Henricu 
will rendezvous at New Kent court house, or to such point higher up the 
river as circumstances may render proper. And those 1 from King Wil- 
liam and King & Queen at Bottom's Bridge; hut if his movements be 
up James River, those from Essex, New Kent, Charles City, King Wil- 
liam, and King &. Queen at Westover, in which case the lower Battalions 
of Henrico and Hanover will rendezvous at 4 mile Creek. 

The men will not wait to march in a body, but proceed when ordered 
by squads to the place of general rendezvous. 

Let every officer and private be on the alert. The war may probably 
in a short time assume a different character. 

In such an event Virginia will, doubtless, engage no small portion of 
the Enemy's attention. Inflated with the most splendid successes in 
Europe, he will omit no exertion or preparation to make us feel his 
strength. How disgraceful would it be if slumbering in imnmgined 
security, we should be found unprepared at the hour of his coming. But 
reasoning of this sort is unnecessary to rouse the martial spirit of Five- 
man and Soldiers. They must see the propriety and feel the inqwrtance 
of vigilance and activity. 

The danger of indulging a further hope of peace without prompt ami 
efficient measures to meet the most vigorous attempts of the enemy, 
must be obvious to all. The officers, particularly, in whose fidelity, 
courage, and activity their country has placed implicit confidence, mind- 
ful of the sacred trust, will use every exertion in preparing their re- 
spective commands to acquit themselves as becomes Americans. 

By order. 

Claiborne \V. Goocii, D. A. G., 

For Moses Grkkn, A. G. 

Tnos. M. IVwly (Lt.-Col. 2nd Ue<j't) to the Governor. 

Juno 2.5, Gn the 19th Inst. I released Josiah Parker, ordered his canoe searched - 
Acromack am | },j m j () rc turn to Watt's Island, Majors Custis and Finney believing 
it was the best and most prudent so to do, as a habeas corpus woiiM 
have been applied for from Judge Evans, and probably he would 1*-' 
released, and the effects resulting from a legal discharge would have en' 
cou raged others who have acted as Parker, to pursue their nefarious prac- 
tices. In my opinion these times require energy and decision in tlioa-* 
who are commanding in this County, which in parts of the Country dif- 
ferently situated would not be justifiable, and should a difference «>f 
opinion exist between the Judicial and Military authority of this county. 
I i-hall greatly lament it, because the worst consequences may ensue. 


It now appears that my suppositions. against James and Josiah Parker 1814. 

ml the inhabitants of Tangier were well founded. These people will % Ul/?u 

° * * Accomack 

ot hereafter l>e friendly to the citizens within the limits of the 2nd 
legiment, because they are prohibited coming within the limits of the 

At 6 o'clock on the evening of the 20th Inst, a British barge was dis- 
>vered from the Camp at Chessenessix coming from Watt's Island. 
he came to the shore and proved to be the first cutter, as they called 
et, of the Albion, or the admiral's boat and crew — viz., a coxen and ten 
irsmen. They had been sent to Watt's Island, landed a Lieutenant, 
id deserted. 

The guards of the 2nd Regiment on duty have on many occasions 
eatly required a barge of this description to detect improper in ter- 
rorise by fishermen and others with the Island, and if we could obtain 
ur barges for this Reg't, we could capture some of their Tenders and 
arges, who almost daily visit the mouths of our creeks. I, therefore, 
urchased from the deserters the barge (of ten oars), with sails and oars 
>mpleat. for fifty Dollars, for the use of the Reg't, but should this pur- 
ine not meet your Excellency's approbation (which I wish to be in- 
rmed of) the barge, &c, will remain the property of some of the 
fficers of the Regiment, and no charge against the State. 
After examining the deserters, I gave to each a certificate, and they set 
f immediately for Baltimore by land. A copy of Statement (C) is 
closed, believing it best to forward it to your Excellency. The district 

Vienna comprehends the County of Dorchester, Maryland, eighty 
'fes from this place. The deserters are young and well looking men, 
>arently all between the ages of 20 and 30 years. They state the 
•v of the Albion to be selected. 

lie force of the Enemy in Tangier sound for several days *past, were 

-Albion, 74, Endynicon, Frigate on the 21st were joined by a Brig 
yesterday (22), a ship, 74, or a Frigate of the first-rate, anchored 4 
^s below the Albion ; two large schooners and a number of Tenders. 
^ is a strong force. To-day, at 12 o'clock, a small schooner from 
r n the bay, with a white flag at her mainpeak, went to the Admiral. 

Yours, &c. 


^he examination of Nicholas Johnson, David Robinson, William Rob- 
in, John Stevenson, Richard Collins, John Martin, William Thomas, 
in Turner, James Baker, Thomas Evers, all natives of England and 
►tland, and Antonio Allicant (a black man), Spaniard, taken before 
os. M. Bayly, Lieut.-Col. Com't 2nd Reg't Va. Militia, on the morning 
the 21st of June, 1814. 


1814. Say that they deserted from Watt's Island yesterday evening; that 

Accomack *hey arc ^ eam(m belonging to his Britanic Majesty's Ship Albion, now in 
Tangier harbour, and bearing the Flag of Hear Admiral Cockburn, C. Ross, 

The crews at Tangier lately became very sickly with the Flux, CapL 
Ross now sick ; the water lately turning brackish and bad. 

Admiral Cockburn expects soon to be relieved. 

The ship's crew have been on short allowance for 2 months, but now 
have plenty, having obtained a supply from Bermuda. 

The Fort on Tangier's not now completed, only three sides done ; those 
sides are two hundred and rift}' (250) yards long. It is an extraordinary 
largo P\>rt. Now mounted 8 twenty-four pound cannon, and the Clb. 
cannon captured at Pungoteague 29th May. Now landed and soon will 
be mounted IS and 241b. cannon — they arrived on Friday last in the 
Endymion Frigate, and a great number of large cannon are daily ex- 
pected. The fort is to be made compleat, and is to be the head quarters 
of the Commander in chief. The Harbour is very good, large and safe. 
Mr. Fen wick is the engineer building the Fort, which was planned in 
England. Mr. Fen wick came out in the Spring in the Superb, 74, and 
was put on board the Albion the day after the fleet came to Tangier's. 
Now laid out on the Island very large gardens and vegetables of all sort* 
growing in great perfection. Now grazing on the Island 18 bullocks and 
cows; the meadows good. A hospital to contain 100 sick now built, abo 
a church and 20 houses built, all laid out in streets. Only -IS negroes 
now on the Island, they are soldiers; only 4 Black men on Uiard tht-- 
Albion, but a great many on board the Dragon and the vessels blockading 
Com. Barnev in the Petuxen. 

They the deserters were all in the engagement at Pungoteague, thc.r 
expected that there was two Batteries of (> guns each, one on each s^tr 
of the Creek. Capt. Boss of the Albion commanded the expedition? 
under him, master of the Ship Toms and Lieutenants Scott and BM- 
The ollicers of the Dragon not known. Eleven boats, Launches, Ifcirgi* — 
and Pinnaces, 10 fighting boats carrying 400 troops and 5 negroes. V 
signal Gun was fired from the Albion Saturday afternoon, and the Dragon *=^ 
boats came along side 10 o'clock at night, and they all immediately lefit- 
the ships. In the morning entered Onancock by mistake. They intend* * 
to have stormed the Camp on the south side of Pungoteague, but thei*"~ 
ammunition gave out. 

of the Albion's crew 1 killed, two died of their wounds an<i tw« » 
wounded, now living. Midshipman Frazier was wounded, and died" 1 
his wounds: he was very young and a great Favorite of the Admiral an*' 
the whole ship's crew. He was about leaving the service, and wa?t«» 
return home on the lirst vessel — had an income of five thousand }>ound- 
a year. The Admiral buried him with militarv honors. 


The ships now at Tangier's, are the Albion, 74, carrying 83 Guns. 1814. 

dymion Frigate, carrying 44 Guns. At the Capes, Aeaata Frigate, x^^!^ 

rying 44 Guns. At New Point Comfort watering, Armide carrying 40 

lis. Blockading Com. Barney in the Petuxen, Dragon 74, Coin. Barrie; 

ire, Frigate; Narcissus, Frigate; Jassur, Brig; and the St Lawrence, 


(inn-rat Order*. Adjutant Genkral's Offick, 

Richmond, 29th June, 181 If. 

In compliance with a requisition on the Militia of this State by the 
csident, signified through Brig.-General Porter, commanding at Norfolk, 

replace troops whose terms of service will shortly expire, the Com- 
inriauts (if the 7th, 17th, 18th and 19th Brigades will make the 
llowing details, viz: 

From the 7th Brigade, 1 Lieut. Col., 5 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 10 
wigns, 2o Sergeants, 32 Corporals, 6 Drummers, 6 Fifers, and 463 

From the 17th Brigade, 1 Lieut. Col., 4 Captains, 8 Lieutenants, 8 
isigns, 21 Sergeants, 20 Corporals, 4 Drummers, 4 Fifers, and 429 

Fftnn the 18th Brigade, 1 Lieut. Col., 4 Captains, 8 Lieutenants, 8 
signs. 21 Sergeants, 20 Coqwrals, 5 Drummers, 5 Fifers, and 370 

Voni the 19th Brigade, I Major, 3 Captains, Lieutenants, Ensigns, 

Sergeants, 18 Corporals, 4 Drummers, 4 Fifers, and 358 privates. 

due proportion of the quota from each Brigade will be taken from 

Liyht Infant rij by rutin' ComjHinicx as the law directs. The whole 

proceed to Norfolk, (which is hereby established the place of ren- 

*~ous) and report themselves to the Commanding General at that 


lie troops from the 7th Brigade will arrive at the following periods, 
: One detachment* will proceed without delay; one will arrive by 

19th, and one by the 28th July, and the balance by the 2nd August, 
'hose from the 19th Brigade as follows: The Major by the 1st; one 
ichment by the 3rd ; one by the 4th, and the residue by the 7th of 

*hose from the 18th Brigade as follows: the Colonel by the 2nd ; one 
achment by the 17th, and the residue by the 27th of August. And 
se from the 17th Brigade by the 30th of August, 
^he Infantry will go unarmed to Norfolk, where they will be supplied 
i) the public Arsenals. It is expected that the whnlc number required 
I take the field. 
l\e Commandant of each Brigade will apportion the number in such 


1814. a manner as to place all the Regiments in his Brigade upon an ami 
equality, allowing each a credit for such services as it may have per- 

All claims to exemption from duty must be made before a Regimental 
Court Martial to be held for the purpose of hearing excuses. The men 
will be mustered and inspected by the Adjutant of the Regiment or 
some Officer specially appointed by the Commandant, as Mustering 
Officer, who together with the Officer Commanding the Company and 
the Regimental Surgeon, must sign the Muster roll and be responsible 
for its correctness. Let the column of names be filled first with the 
Commissioned Officers, according to rank; then with the non-comimV 
sioned Officers and Musicians, and lastly with the privates in Aljthubetiad 
Order. In the column for names present, let the names of those in the 
first column be repeated where they are actually prevent and itas* ia*j*C' 
Una; and under the head of Remarks, &c, let such facts be noted as 
are worthy of remark and have occurred in relation to an}' one of them 
opposite to his name. It must also be noted whether he be a substitute 
or not. One copy of the muster-roll when complete must be forwarded 
to this Office, another retained for the use of the Commanding Officer 
of the Company in making out his pay-roll, <fcc, and the third for the 
Commanding General at Norfolk. 

Captain Joseph Wheat on, Assistant Deputy Quarter Master General at 
this place will furnish the necessary means of transportation, forage, Ac, 
and make arrangements for the supply of provisions, <tc, on the march. 

The above troops are called into service under an act of Congress passed 
the 18th of April, 1814, and will consequently serve six months unless 
sooner discharged. 

Should each Colonel take his staff with him, some difficulty will aria- 
at Norfolk in relation to them. Two Colonels being assigned to a Wvp' 
ment, the Stall* of one must of course become supernumerary and will 
be discharged. The Colonels are therefore recommended not to take them 

By order. 

Claiborne W. Goxm/h, D. A. G. 
For Moses Green, A. G. 

* Each detachment will be made to consist as near as practicable *»» 
1 Captain, - Lieutenants, 2 Ensigns, 5 Sergeants, (i Corporals, 1 Drummer. 
1 Fifer and ltJO privates. 

Tuos. M. Bayly to the Governor. 

une 29, Enclosing Report of ('apt. Thos. R. Joynes of the attack of the Encui)' 

ccomack on j ns (^nip on the morning of the 25th Inst. 


Camp on Chesconessix, June 25th> 1814* 1814. 

June 29, 

r, — This rooming at 45 minutes past two o'clock I received intelli- Accomack 
e from my sentinels, that the Enemy in a great number of Barges 
approaching the shore near this post. I immediately formed the few 
stationed at this post in the rear of a little breast work, which I had 
ffn up a few days before, and found the Enemy landing within eighty 
s of the breast work. I commenced to fire from my four pound 
piece and muskets at the same time, which the Enemy returned 
i an 18-pounder and a great number of muskets; and at the same 
marched rapidly towards the Breast works. I kept up the fire 
I the Enemy was within thirty yards of my line, and having ascer- 
xi that another part of the Enemy's force had landed above for the 
>ose of getting in my rear and cutting off my retreat, I had no alter- 
?e but to retreat or be surrounded by nearly twenty times my force. 
08e the former, and it was with the greatest difficulty I could effect 
i the part of the Enemy's force which was endeavoring to gain our 
got to the woods nearly as soon as we did. Our Field piece, Bag- 
, and a small amount of public stores fell into the hands of the 
iiy and were carried off. The enemy burnt our Barracks and the 
lling house, kitchen and other houses belonging to old Mr. Salsbury, 
ited about 60 yards from the Barracks. I retreated to a field about 
a mile in the rear of my camp, and collected my scattered forces 
some Militia of the neighborhood and inarched down about sunrise 
uest of the Enemy, but found he had embarked before I reached the 


was extremely mortified at being compelled to abandon my Camp, 
situated as I was, I must either have retreated or made a wanton 
ifice of the lives of my men. 

y whole force including commissioned officers, was thirty two men 
other half of my company being stationed at Deep Creek). The 
niy landed from 11 Barges; this force was at least 500, about 50 of 
m were negroes. Before I ordered a general retreat, I ordered a re- 
t with the cannon, but soon found I should be unable to effect it. 
Cannon was a very heavy long four-pounder. It is known to you, 
that there were no horses attached to the Cannon stationed here, and 
had directed my whole attention to retreating with the cannon with- 
ering a Gun, I could not have got it to a place of safety before we 
Id have been overtaken by the Enemy. p]very circumstance com- 
1 to favor the views of the Enemy. The night was so dark that the 
* could not be seen before they got very near the shore; the wind and 
were directly in his favor, and the wind blowing hard, the noise of 
^aves heating agninst the shore prevented the sentinels from hearing 
'oats until the Enemv was vcrv near them. 



June 29, 

None of my men were injured. Whether any of the Enemy were 
killed or wounded I could not ascertain. In the retreat I secured all tlie 
cannon ammunition. Three of my men who were attached to the cannon 
lost their muskets, and we found one belonging to the Enemy. From tlie 
conduct of my men in the short skirmish that took place. I am con- 
vinced that if they could meet the Enemy upon fair terms they would 
not disgrace the character of the 2nd Regiment. 

The Enemy's force off this place at the time of the attack, was tJ* c 
Dragon and Albion, 74's, and the Endimyon Frigate, and several Ten- 
ders. This morning at (> o'clock another Frigate came up the Bay «.**<! 
anchored near the Dragon. 

The Enemy destroyed every article of property belonging to Mr. Salis- 
bury. They threw his farming utensils, <£ r c., into the fire, and in fact loft 
nothing undone to completely desolate his residence, and this was iloi^ c 
without the least provocation or justification. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Wilson (Major) to the Governor. 

July 1, Enclosing a communication from the Mayor of Petersburg relative 

Richmond ^ ne ( l e f enC cles8 situation of Fort Powhatan. 


Petersburg, June SOtfi, 18 If - 

Dear Sir : 

I beg leave to call your attention and solicit your aid, * fi 

opening the eyes of the Executive to the defenceless and dangerc**' 5 

situation of Fort Powhatan. There is upwards of seven hundred Kegr* °' 

Powder, besides all the Guns and other public property at the Fort, n** 1 " 

only twelve men, and several of them sick, to guard it. 

If our Enemy knew the situation of this place, they would most c* >r * 

tainly destroy it; and as the Citizens of Richmond must feel eq*-^ 11 " 

interest with ourselves in protecting this place, I trust you'll lose 

time in communicating the same to the Executive, and make known ^ 

result to 

Your obedient servant, 

Enw'n Phkkam, Jr., Mavor - 


July 4, 

M. Porter (B. G. U. 8. A.) to the Governor. 

The very strong probability, if not the certainty, of a speedy attiflft- r * 
by the Enemy, doubtless with a large force, has induced me to take tr ^ e 
liberty of addressing your Excellency on several subjects essential h v 
connected with the protection of this j>ost and frontier. 


The troops now here do not exceed five thousand, of which nearly 1814. 
>ur-fifths are Militia drafts, mostly new and inexperienced. A force too Nonolk 
mall for the defence of the different works and numerous exposed 
wints of this place against such an army as the Enemy will probably 
lave it in his power to send here. Upon emergency, therefore, we must 
ook to your Excellency for co-operation. 

The troops we have here in case of a serious attack, are barely suffi- 
cient to man the works on this side of Elizabeth River, at Craney 
Fsland and Fort Nelson. The town must therefore remain exposed to 
he Cannonade of the Enemy on the left bank of the River from Fort 
kelson to Gosport. or else to afford protection in that quarter, other 
K)int8 must be weakened and endangered. Now in order to be prepared 
tall points, I would, with great difference, suggest to you the propriety of 
"mediately organizing a provisional force of about two thousand men, 
■ such other number as you may deem adequate to be embodied, as 
on as possible, and on the first approach of the Enemy, to rendezvous 
some convenient point on the Nansemond River or the Western Branch, 
r the purpose of counteracting his movements, in case of his ascending 
her of those waters, with a view of attacking the town from the 
ier side of the river. For the use of this force a suitable train of 
'tillery is in readiness. 

Should you concur in this arrangement, it is hoped that it may be 
i nd convenient for you to furnish the troops to be thus assembled, 
tli Camp Equipage, as we have hero a scarcity of all articles of that 
id with the exception of tents. 

I would beg leave to recommend to your consideration the necessity 
xt may exist of obstructing the principal roads leading to this place. 

can be done at little expense; and, if to be done, should commence 
» mediately. The wood is not large or valuable, but very close. You 

II decide what agency the State authority should take in these obstruc- 
ts which are deemed highly important. I have hitherto omitted 
^m under an apprehension of prosecution by the proprietors, and from 
ubts which I have entertained of my authority on the subject, I 
£ your interference. The expediency in case of a serious attack of 
■Moving immediately into the interior part of the State every animal 
1 other thing which can in any way contribute to the use and sub- 
-^nce of the Enemy is a subject to which I would request your 
Host and most serious attention. 

Vs this letter is not written by any direction or authority from the 
>*irtment of war, I must solicit your indulgence so far as to consider it 
dictated by no other motive than my solicitude for the safety of this 
Co, while at the same time, I request that it may be received by your 
^fillency as a private and confidential communication. I am decidedly 
opinion that we may almost daily expect a visit from the Enemy. I 



July 4, 


suspect that he will endeavour to make a sudden and unexpected attack; 
we must therefore he ready, for not a moment should he lost. 

I am, &c. 

July 15, 

M. Porter (B. G. IT. S. A.) to the Governor. 

I had the honor of receiving your letter of the — instant a few days 
ago, since which time I have also received a letter from the Secretary of 
war, an extract of which is enclosed, authorizing me to call for such part 
as I may deem necessary of Virginia's quota of the late requisition of 
Militia hy the President. The details will he made out hy the Adjutant 
General of this post, and immediately transmitted to your Excellency 
for one thousand men and the necessary Staff Officers. 

May I he permitted to request of your Excellency that the Militia of 
the vicinity of this place may he excluded from the^drafl for this addi- 
tional force. It is desirable thc} r may be excluded, because they can be 
easily assembled and employed on the spur of the occasion and for their 
dtnn cMir security. 

I am, t&c. 

Extract of a letter from the Secretary of war to B. G., M. Porter, C'onidl. 
at Norfolk. 

Enclosed is the copy of a General requisition for Militia service for the 
vear 1814. 

The quota of Virginia is twelve thousand — and on this fund you will 
draw when necessary. 

Requisition on the Executive of Virginia for the following Troops, 
being a part of those directed by the General Government on the 4th of 
July instant, to be held 4i in readiness for immediate service." to repair 
without delay to this Post, viz: Two Lieut. Colonels, Two Majors, One 
Sunreon, Two Surgeon's Mates, One Sergeant Major, One Quarter Master 
Sergeant, Two Principal Musicians, Ten Captains, Twenty Lieutenants 
Twenty Ensigns, Fifty Sergeants, Forty Corporals, Twenty Musicians and 
Nine hundred Privates, making an aggregate of one thousand and **>mitij- 
(mr Infnittni. 

If two of the foregoing Companies could be Riflemen it would be 
desirable, provided they come well armed and equipped as such. 

The Infantry will come armed, and ought to come supplied with proper 
and sufficient clothing. 

One Captain, Two first and Two second Lieutenants, one Quarter 
Master Sergeant. Five Sergeants, Eight Corporals, Four Musicians, and 


Due hundred Privates of Virginia Artillery, conformably to the late or- 1814. 
Sanitation of the Troops of the United States. Norfolk' 

By command. Jas. Bankhead, 

Adj't Gen'l. 
Adj't GenTs Office, Norfolk, July 16th, 1814. 

P. S. — There are not one hundred and fifty spare muskets at this post, 
and it is absolutely necessary that the above requisition should l>c armed 
before they are sent here. J. B. 

Kicii'd E. Parker (Lt.-Col. 111th Kbu't) to the Governor. 

I have the honor to state for the information of the Commander in July 18, 
ilrief, that four large British ships, a Sloop of war, apparently, and a j an( j co UI1 ty 
;reater number of Tenders and Barges than ever appeared in the River 
>efore, entered the Potomac this morning and anchored this evening about 
> P. M. a little below Blackstone's Island. 

The Regiment is under anus, but necessarily very much dispersed. 
Dur situation requires the immediate attention of the Executive. We 
**ant a supply of ammunition as soon as it can be forwarded. 

I am, &c. 

Uuoh Mercer to the Governor. 

Advising against the sending of the Militia of Fredericksburg and July in, 
riciuity to the defence of Norfolk or Richmond in the exposed condition bura 
>f Fredericksburg. 

M. Porter (B. G. l T . 8. A.) to the Governor. 

Altho' we have been in daily expectation of the arrival in the Bay of July ]«>, 
the Enemy's transjwrts, none has yet made their appearance. The korfolk 
Squadron that lately arrived, and the small vessels which followed it are 
said to be still up the Bay. 

In Lynhaven, there is according to our last evening's report only one 

By a late letter from the Department of War, I am informed that 
Fort Powhatan is within my command. For its immediate protection 
the Adjutant General of this District has been ordered to call upon the 
State for a Company of Artillery. Apprehensive that a single Company 
may be insufficient for that purpose, I beg leave to request of your 
Excellency, until other arrangements can be made, to order an additional 


July 10, 


Company or two of the Local Militia to be stationed at the Fort. I 
make this request because our effective number here is so much 
diminished by disease that at present we cannot, with safety , spare a 
single man. We have about one thousand on the sick list The 
wind is now very fresh ancl fair for the approach of the Enemy. 

I am, &c. 

Adjutant General's Office, 

Richmond, 20th July, 18 % 

In compliance with a Requisition of the President of the United 
States on the Militia of the State, signified through the Honorable Secre- 
tary of War, by his letter of the 4th instant, the Commandants of 
Brigades will make the following details without delay, viz : 


First Division. 

From the 4th Brigade — total Officers and Men 










u u 

tt u 

tt tt 

From the- 1st Brigade 
" 3rd 
* 4 5th 
fck ttth 

Second Dii'i.sioii. 

■total Oftieers and Men 





















\\ Oftieers 

and ] 










1 ;Jth 






• t 




• k 



% » 


» » 




» • 







% % 








» » 











Fourth Division. 1814. 

m the 2nd Brigade — total Officers and Men - 869 

tt 14 th " " " " " ... 575 


i due proportion will be taken from the Riflemen and Light Infantry 
entire companies, as the law directs. Every Company of heavy 
illery within the above brigades will be placed in requisition, and in- 
led in the number to be detailed. The men will be armed and 
ippcd in the best manner practicable, and held in complete readiness 
uke the field at a moment's warning. When the quota of each brigade 
ompleted, the Brigadiers will immediately forward to this office a 
irn of the number and description placed in requisition in each regi- 
lt, with the names of the Commissioned officers only. Volunteer 
i panics will be preferred. 

'he Commandant of the 4th Brigade will immediately detach and 
j to Norfolk the following proportions of his quota: 1 Major, 3 Cap- 
is, 8 Lieutenants, 6 Ensigns, 16 Sergeants, 14 Corporals, 7 Musicians, 
i 300 privates, including in that number one Company of Artillery, 
'he Commandant of the 11th brigade will also detach to be sent to 
•folk without delay, the following proportions of his quota: 1 Colonel, 
aptains, 8 Lieutenants, 6 Ensigns, 16 Sergeants, 14 Corporals, 7 Musi- 
is and 300 privates. 

The Commandant of the 12th brigade will immediately detach of his 
)ta, 1 Colonel, 1 Major, 5 Captains, 9 Lieutenants, 7 Ensigns, 22 Ser- 
.nts, 20 Corporals, 10 Musicians and 400 privates, to proceed without 
'iy to Norfolk. 

?roni the 15th brigade will be immediately detached by the Com- 
ndant, 1 Captain, 3 Lieutenants, I Ensign, 6 Sergeants, 8 Corporals, 4 
isieians and 101 privates, including in that number one Company of 
illery, to proceed without delay to Fort Powhatan, and report to the 
ninanding Officer — one of the Sergeants will act as Quarter Master 

he troops directed to Norfolk will report to General Porter — The 
de thus ordered to take the field will be mustered and inspected as 
*1, and the rolls disposed of according to former orders, 
aptain Joseph Wheaton, A. D. Q. M. G., will furnish means of trans- 
lation, and Robt. Jennings, Esq., the contractor, will furnish rations 
he march. 

he following General Officers will hold themselves in readiness to 
5 the field at a moment's warning, viz : 
Tajor General James Williams, of Orange. 

" John Pegram, " Dinwiddie. 

" John Smith, " Frederick, 





Brigadier General Joseph Neville, of Hardy. 

Littlebury Mosby, of Powhatan. 
John P. Hungerford, of Westmoreland. 
James Breekenridge, " Botetourt. 
William Madison, " Madison. 
James Singleton, " Frederiek. 

By order. Claiborne W. Gooch, D. A. 0., 

For Moses Green, A. G. 











July 21, 

July 21, 



M. Porter (B. G., U. S. A.) to the Governor. 

Our last evening's report from the Chesapeake states that a 74, three 
small schooners and several small vessels of the Enemy came down the 
Bay yesterday. In the evening a Tender went to sea. The barges ft»m 
the Squadron were in motion, but their object not discovered. Entire 
force in Lynhaven per last accounts, 2 large ships and perhaps 5 or 6 
small ones. 

I have just received information that Com. Gordon has detained a 
Nantucket Sloop, bearing a memorial from some of the authorities of that 
Island to the British Admiral on this station, alleging their pacific dis- 
positions and supplicating his permission for them to resume the fishing 
business. It is said that this Sloop was also the bearer of a dispateh 
from Captain Barrie in Lynhaven to the British Naval Commander up 
the Bay. This dispatch, as 1 understand, states among other things of 
less importance that Captain Barrie keeps a lookout tender in constant 
expectation of the arrival of Admiral Cochrane. 

I am, &c. 

Aust. Smith (L. C. C. 25th Reg't) to the Governor. 

About 5 o'clock this morning I received an express from Col. Parker 
at 'Westmoreland, informing me the enemy was last evening within half 
a mile of their Court House, and marching direct for that place; their 
force was supposed to be 1000 or 1200 ; the Militia were retreating l>cfore 
them, and that his lower Battallion was below. The 25th Reg't is called 
on and I will march immediately to Westmoreland. 

I am, <l r c. 

Will. M. Bayly to the Governor. 

July 21, Asking permission to raise an additional Artillery eompanv to W 
Sh ^vmty ah ^tached to the 13th Regiment. 


i. H. Peyton (L't Col. 45th Reo't) to the Governor. 

; Enemy are in great force in the Potomac. 1 have just received 1814. 
lation the fifteen hundred British are now in possession of West- jjJjfiJo^j, 
md Court-house. I am now on my way to meet the Enemy with 
two thirds of the Stafford Militia — the remaining third I have 
lit proper to leave in the County. We are in great want of Anns, 
mi t ion, <fcc. Will you have the goodness to send without delay 
dv, sav about two hundred muskets. 

I am, <fec. 


Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, 

War Department, 22nd July, 18H. 

cases in which General Officers commanding Armies or Districts, 
udgc it necessary, or conducive to the public service to order 
Accoutrements, or other Ordnance Stores, to be delivered for the 
the militia of any particular State or Territory. Such Arms, <fcc, 
be delivered in pursuance of the Provisions of the Act of Con- 
passed the 23rd of April, 1808, for arming the whole body of the 
i, and receipts or other proper vouchers are to be required from 
)vernor of the State or Territory, in behalf of which, such delivery 
ns, &c, shall be made, which receipts or other vouchers shall be 
litted to the Office of the Commissary General of Ordnance, who 
jby directed to keep a correct account of all Arms, Accoutrements, 
> delivered, debiting each State, Territory, <fec, with the amount of 
Accoutrements, <fcc, which may be delivered for the use of the 
i of such State or Territory. 

By order of the Secretary of War. 

Jno. R. Bell, 
Ass't Inspector General. 

William Lambert to the Governor. 

vessels supposed to be part of the British force up the Chesapeake, July 22, 
. large ship, a brig and four schooners were seen passing down the I^ n< *^ er 
far out to the Eastward, on the morning of Tuesday, the 19th 
it, and on Wednesday about twelve o'clock, a brig which had 
red' off the mouth of Rappahannock river got under way and 



July 22, 
1 Lancaster 


sailed across towards the eastern shore of Virginia. In the afternoon 
of the last mentioned day, a firing of cannon was heard by several 
persons in the neighborhood of Kilmarnock, but as the distance roust 
have been considerable, the course has been variously represented and 
and could not be correctly ascertained. 

Information has been received at nine o'clock this morning from the 
guards stationed near Wind-mill Point and at the mouth of Indian 
Creek that no vessel of any description was then to be seen in the bay. 

But a serious alarm is now spreading among the people in this quarter 
in consequence of regimental orders from the Lieut. Colonel of the 92nd 
Regiment to the Major of the Second or lower battalion of Militia in 
Lancaster county, dated the 21st instant, from which the following is an 
extract : 

" I have just received information by express that the Enemy have 
landed and are now marching down the Country in great force within 
twelve miles of Richmond Court-house : vou are therefore commanded 
to convene the battalion under your command at the Cross roads with- 
out delay and without further orders." 

" P. S. — Guards detached from it (the lower battalion) will still keep 
their post and be ready to march at a moment's warning." 

A report is in circulation here that three thousand British troops have 
landed and are on their march ; if this account be true, I know of 
nothing to prevent them from carrying devastation into all the lower 
parts of the Northern Neck of Virginia. 

I am, &c. 

July 25, 

M. Porter (B. G. U. S. A\) to the Governor. 

Our last re])ort informs of no late arrival in the Bay. 

I hope the force lately required of the State for the defence of Fort 
Powhatan has arrived there, as I feel considerable anxiety for its safety. 
We could have avoided troubling you with any call for this purpose, 
but for the sickness prevailing amongst our troops here. We have 
about one-third of our Militia on the sick list, notwithstanding every 
precaution for their health. 

I am, &c. 

II. S. G. Tucker to the Governor. 

July 25, 

This morning has brought ¥s the distressing and mortifying intelli- 
gence that the enemy are in possession of Westmoreland Court House. 
I need not attempt to describe the feelings which this eve^nt has inspired 


in the bosoms of some among us. You have already experienced the 1814. 
same sentiments I doubt not in Richmond. Winchester 

The occupation of the good old Virginia soil by a foreign foe, will I 
trust l>e a sufficient apology for making some enquiry of you in relation 
to the Volunteer System. Tho' it is not very probable that the experi- 
ment made last year by myself could be exactly repeated, since it was 
founded on the principle of each Volunteer bearing his own expenses, 
and since the mass of young men among us have not the means of 
encountering the burden, .yet I have no doubt that I can easily raise a 
corjw? of young men either in the character of Mounted Riflemen or 
dragoons, who would hold themselves in readiness at a moment's warn- 
ing for a service of from 30 to GO days upon receiving the usual pay and 
rations. Give me leave therefore shortly to enquire of vou whether it is 
in your ixnver to accept such Volunteer Corps, and whether their services 
would be acceptable. 

I will not further intrude on your time, but tender you my respectful 

I am, &c. 

II. S. G. Tuckkr.* 

Having perceived for some time that the cavalry was not a corps likely July 26, 
to be in much active service, and understanding that Flying Artillery Inc w 
would be acceptable, I take the liberty of enquiring through you whether 
the Executive consider themselves as possessing the ]>ower of transferring 
a company of Cavalry to the corps of flying artillery, with the assent of 
the officers and men; and if so, whether they would consider such a 
measure in any instance advisable. My own company would I am 
satisfied, assent immediately to the transfer, and it would enable me to 
fill up its ranks from the brigade at large very rapidly; whereas, in our 
small ami circumscribed regiment I find it a very difficult matter. If, 
however, we can get into service sooner, as we are, I should not wish to 
change?. I am sick of being at home in these momentous times. It is 
indeed no time for the drowsy pursuits of Civil life. We shall " have 
cracked crowns and bloody noses, and pass them current too." 

I vesterdav wrote to the Governor. I am well aware that I should be 
cautious of being troublesome. But the restlessness produced by present 
times will to you, I trust be an excuse amply sufficient. 

I am, <fec. 

* Address lost. — Ed. 



John I\ Hunokrford (B. G.) to the Governor. 

1814. I wrote you the night before the last from Mattox and sent the letter 

West 2/ ' - ^y Ina ^ . V0H torday. I arrived late last night at Yeocomico church, 3 or 
land 4 miles from Kinsale. The following forces are stationed here: two 
Infantry Companies of the Westmoreland Militia, three companies of 
Infantry from Caroline, three do. from Richmond, two companies of do. 
from Essex, ("apt. Stuart's company of Horse from King George, Captain 
Carter's Horse, Captain Tebb's company of Riflemen, and Capt. Shackel- 
ford's company of Artillery from Richmond County, making in all six 
hundred and fifty men and officers, besides a detachment of Essex 
Militia are on their march under Captain Pitts expected momentarily. 
*Thc annexed is a statement of Colonel Peyton's force agreeable to hi** 
communication of the 25th inst. Of these I have ordered a detachment 
of 400 to be stationed at Mattox, and three hundred at Round Hill 
church near Machodox ferry. 

I have also ordered one hundred men from Essex to join the Camp at 
Mattox. The enemy was night before last increased by another ship 
supposed to be a transport, which came too near the mouth of Yeocomico 
below the rest of the Squadron. On yesterday morning the enemy 
landed, as I understand, about 22 barges and three tenders of their men 
from the upper part of their squadron upon a place called the narrow*- 
lying between the mouth of Machodoc and Nomini. Their force land*** i 
was supposed to amount to about 1200 men. Col. Branham niarohtt * 
'his force, which at that time consisted of about 250, from this placet* '» 
the Hague, which lies about five miles from Nomini ferry and about - » 
from the river, but the superiority of the enemy was so great that i 't- 
would have been madness to have met them. 

After remaining on shore some hours plundering some of the farm*-* - 
they retired to their ships, and soon after returned in the evening to th *-* 
same point. I tear thev have taken a verv large booty of slaves as man^* 
were seen going to them. I ordered out a detachment of Capt. Carter ^ 
Company of Cavalry from Richmond County, Captain Tebb's and (ox ' ** 
companies of Riflemen, under the command of Major Yates, to reeonuitr*" 
during the night to watch the enemy's movements and intercept Run- 

I just learn that another sail has arrived supposed to be a brig \vlii<"h 
was despatched from the fleet a few days ago, and 1 am told ha" tin* 
appearance of a troop vessel. 

The troops at- this place are much in want of Camp equipage of all 
sorts, also medicine. We have only 50 Tente, a very insufficient quan- 
tity of Camp kettles and axes, no forage bags, no canteens or jug* A 
keg of pistol cartridges and a few musket cartridges would l»e very 


I have as yet heard nothing of Madison's and Blackburn's Brigades. 1814. 
Our force I consider as entirely inadequate at present to make any Wwtniore- 
effeetual defence against the enemy, exposed as we are at such a variety land 
of points, any one of which the enemy can select most favorable to him- 
self. Numerous as they were previous to the reinforcements which they 
have probably received by their two last Ships since my last communi- 
cation to you, 1 am almost afraid to specify how large an increase I 
ought to have lest it might be supposed I aimed at a monopoly of 
strength, which should be divided over several other i>oints almost as 
H'eak as our own. I cannot withold the strong conviction I feel that we 
should have at least 3000 men in addition to the local Militia of the 
We r counties. 

I would moreover suggest that light mounted troops of Infantry or 
fttfemen would be invaluable. The force of the Enemy consists much 
°' liftlit troops and Hankers. The Executive will readily perceive the 
Vantage our flankers would have over theirs were ours mounted. 
One aixth of our force I should wish to be mounted Infantry or Rifle. 
At al 1 events, send me one or two Battalions of mounted men. I must 
M omit to mention the great advantage the Enemy have over us in 
>eiii££ informed by our Blacks of all our movements. *Anuexed you 
avti *i list of Medicinal Stores which the Surgeon is in urgent want of. 
wicrX <>se( i y ()U have a copy of correspondence between Col. Parker and 
l(ul *iral Cockburn previous to my taking command, and the report of 
110 * >tfieer who bore the flag. I shall immediately constitute a Court 
* ex *«iuiry into the subject of the poisoned Spirit, deeming essential to 
" e ^-Viaracter of our Anns as well as our persons to wash oft' completely 
w v *le an imputation. And I show too great a satisfaction in disarming 
" e spirit of devastation of its pretext, tho' I believe no pretext is 
wai ^t<Hl. 1 beg leave to report Captain John Taylor Lomax, of the 
'" c Uii)oii(l Infantry, John VV. Hungerford and James Mercer as the 
11 ^ib whom I have placed near my person. 

*-»*?t me hear from you as speedily as possible, and any assistance in 
*^ way of men or supplies the Executive means to render, let it be 

l >r *nnpt. 

I am, &c. 
*Not found. — Ed. 

Garrard Minor (Mayor) to the Governor. 

Introducing Col. John Mercer and Robert Stanard, Esq., appointed j u i y 29 
t*y the citizens of Fredericksburg to represent the defenceless situation Fredericks* 
Of that town and vicinitv. 


To Hi/* Excellency the Gorern/rr and Council of the State of Virginia : 

The undersigned, deputed by the Corporate body of the Town of 


1814. Fredericksburg, for the purposes specified in the aceomi>anying <loeu- 
FretPrf-ks- ,uull *'» ne # h*ave to represent to the Governor, as Commander in Chief (if 
burg the Militia, and the Governor and Executive Council, that in conse- 
quence of the appearance of a large naval force of the Enemy in the 
waters of the Potomac, off Blackstone's Island, and the debarkation of 
a considerahle hodv of them on the shores of the hav and creek of 
Nomini, the horders of which were ravaged by them, a levy enmarc 
was made of the whole Militia of the Counties of Westmoreland, Rich- 
mond, King George, Stafford, and Spotsylvania and portions of th<*e 
of the Counties of Essex and Caroline, the whole of which have 
marched except a few unarmed Militia of the County of Stafford. 
Gen'l Hungerford, having assumed the command, has ordered the 
whole of the Militia except about forty rive to different positions on the 
Potomac ; the nearest of which positions to Fredericksburg and Fal- 
mouth is in the lower extremity of King George county, at the distance 
of at least thirtv miles — a measure which leaves the whole Southern 
Shore of the Potomac from the lower extremity of King George county 
to the upper extremity of Stafford, and all the intermediate country to 
the Shore of the Rappahannock entirely uncovered and open to the 
hostile incurtions of the Enemv. 

The attention of the Executive, and especially of the Governor as 
commander in chief, is seriously invited to the defenceless and ex]ra*e<l 
situations of that portion of Country, and especially of those Towns 
resulting from the unhappy selections thafhave been made for the posi- 
tions of the Militia. It is not doubted bv seamen nor bv anv one 
acquainted with the celerity with which the enemy move in their barges, 
that from their present position in the Potomac they can reach in tho 
course of one night, and consequently unobserved, Potomac Creek within 
seven miles of Fredericksburg. What then would opj>ose their niarcli 
direct to Fredericksburg through a country not only defenceless naturally- 
but rendered more so by being stripped of its scattered inhabitants, and 
no force within the distance of 30 miles? What could oppose the side 
and conflagration of that place, and the safe return beyond the reach ot 
vengeance of the banditti that have already desolated the shores ot 
Nomini bav. The Militia stationed 30 miles below would scared v hear 
of the danger before the ruin would be complete, what will prevent tht-' 
enterprise if the present position of all the phisical force that is expected 
to oppose it should continue — want of will in the enemy. This cannot: 
be relied on, especially as it is ascertained by the information of a gentlr- 
man that had recentlv the misfortune to fall in their hands, that tht>" 
were very minute in their enquiries respecting the size of the town, th«* 
distance of an attainable landing on Potomac Creek, and the nature <"•* 
the intermediate ground. Want of information? It is known that they 
are almost daily in the habit of getting information from our shore*- 


ith will to execute, and information to guide them, can it he douhted 1814. 
at they have not already force to complete the enterprise. The strong- F vi- j*i\ 
t inducements exist to stimulate them to it. The habitation of near burg 
ur thousand people to be conflagrated; the wealth of two Banks and 
lat of the greater part of those inhabitants for plunder, near 1,000 
aves to be enticed or forced away by violence and for destruction, 
pwards of 100,000 barrels of Flour, 1,500 hogsheads of Tobacco, twenty 
til of vessels, and all the stores from whence are subsistance of the very 
tilitia that have been withdrawn from their defence, are held out as the 
rizes of a bloodless enterprise of a few hundred that may be planned 
id executed in the course of twenty-four hours. 

From the protection of all these objects of such deep public, as well 
"private interest, as well as of the intermediate! Country, are, the whole 
ass of the Militia withdrawn to the distance of 30 miles or upwards, 
iving an accessible avenue of but seven miles distance to the enemy, 
d for what object? The utmost that can be hoped for as attainable by 
em is to deter the enemy from landing to commit petty depredations 
the few houses that remain scattered along the shores of the Potomac 
J. two or three little creeks. The undersigned in making the fore- 
ng representation to the Commander in chief, are fully satisfied that 
j dispositions of the only force that ha« been referred to as affording 
t means of protecting the Towns of Fredericksburg and Falmouth in 
lations utterly destroying the efficiency of that force as the means of 
*<ence, have been made without instructions from him ; that the pro- 
Lure cannot meet with his sanction, and that it is in his power to cor- 
t it with the utmost promptitude. 

The undersigned further represent that the Town and adjacent country 
■ almost without munitions of war, especially lead. The greater part 
that heretofore received having been distributee! to the Militia now in 
"vice. The attention of the Executive to a speedy supply of them is 
•nestly invited. 

John Mkrckr, 
Robert Stanard. 

William Lambert to tue Governor. 

On Saturday the 23d instant, about five o'clock A. M., two large ships j u | y 09 
d a brig were seen from the north point of Rappahannock river pass- Lancaster 
' down the bay, and on Sunday at twelve o'clock a brig was observed 
m the mouth of Indian creek sailing eastward towards Accomack 
Jiity, since which no vessel of any description is stated by reports of 
commanding officers of the guards to have been in view from either 
those points. 
<nformation was yesterday received from Lancaster Court house that 


1814. upwards of one hundred negroes have been taken by the British truo|* 

i* .„ >'?'. n ' OI|i sundrv inhabitants of Westmoreland County, and that thev have 
Lancaster • * ' 

County wantonly destroyed private houses, wheat stacks, gro.ving corn, and other 
property to a considerable f.mount, and to the great if not irrej>arahlu 
injury of the unfortunate sufferers exposed to their merciless depreda- 
tions. It is also said that a large ship was lately seen in the Potomac 
near the mouth of Cone river in Northumberland, and that a requisition 
has been made for the Militia, Cavalry, Riflemen, and Artillery of Ian- 
caster to assist those of the adjacent counties against an enemy from 
whom if successful little or no clemency is expected. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Hkknt, .fit., Daniel C. Ukkxt, Jno. Cook is, Jno. Moxitre. 
Hancock Eustace, Kowzie Peyton, to the Governor. 

August 1, The critical situation of this County induces us to address vou this 
a or letter. In consequence of the late attack of the Enemy on Westmore- 
land County, the whole of the Militia of this county have Ihiu 
marched below, most of them to Mattox Bridge in Westmoreland, dis- 
tant two days' march for Infantry. 

The Enemv arc not distant more than half a day's easy sail; so that 
no possible relief could be afforded to this county against the predatory 
attacks of a plundering party by men distant two days' march. That 
a country on the margin of the water within a half a day's sail of the 
Enemv should be left perfectly destitute of any defence whatever, dm* 
appear most singular indeed. We are pleased to see the alacrity with 
which the Enemy have been met whenever he has attempted to land in 
our native State, and we are by no means willing that the Militia of 
this County should withhold their aid from their more ex posed sister 
counties of the Northern Neck ; yet good policy does not seem to require 
that the whole. of the Militia should be withdrawn. There inav ht* 
some circumstances of such urgent necessity as might require a move- 
ment of this sort. If there are, thev are unknown to us, and that 
necessity can certainly be of no longer duration than it would require 
troops from more remote Counties to march to the proper positions. Nine 
or ten days have elapsed, and things remain in statu quo. The only 
military force left in this county, arc thirty men stationed at the Hope 
on Aquia Creek, four and a half miles distant from the mouth i>* 
Aquia, tor Boat guards until three days since with anus for not more 
than a third of them. Under these circumstances we are exceedingly 
anxious that something should be done to relieve us from the define*-" 
less state in whieh we are placed, and from which we discover no relief- 

The object of this letter is to know whether the order for the Militia 


of thin County to march below, includes the xchok of the Reg't, and, if 
not, whether a few men could not be ordered back, ho an to afford some 
defence against the predatory attacks of the Barges and smaller vessels. 
One hundred men at different points would be amply adequate for this 
purjiose. If however no relief of this sort can be afforded, there are a 
number of men not on the muster roll who would cheerfully turn out 
to repel any attacks of this sort if they could be armed. We are of 
opinion that one hundred and twenty stand of arms and the necessary 
accoutrements and munitions would not remain idle if seYit here. 
Should these be sent, we pledge ourselves that the greatest care should 
he taken of them. You will render us a great service by endeavoring 
to effect the object of this letter, and to give us a speedy answer. 

We are, &c. 



August 1, 

A }>etition to the Governor, numerously signed by citizens of Caroline 
County against the call of the Militia of that County into service in 
other Counties on account of apprehension of negro insurrection, dated 
August 3rd, 1814, is on file. 

John P. IIunaerford (B. G.) to the Aimt't General. 

A little before sunrise on the morning of the 3rd, the Enemy was August 5, 

discovered in considerable force in the mouth of Yeoeomico River, . Weptmore- 
i • , .. . , . ,, - x» i iii i • i ' an « County 

wriicn divides this County from Northumberland, and in a very short 

time several Tenders and about twenty barges advanced up as far as 

Monday's Point, where Captain Henderson, of the Northumberland 

Militia, gave them a reception which reflects honor upon him and those 

u n<ler his command. After having expended all his ammunition 

(except two rounds of grape) he was compelled to retreat, and suc- 

cwlwl in getting off the only piece of Artillery he had with him, with 

w "i<h he reached in safety his place of residence in the forest between 

• s, x and seven miles from the field of Action. The Enemy in pursuit 

committed all the ravages that his love of devastation and the ample 

means he possesses inclined him to gratify, and laid in ashes almost 

every house in his progress to Henderson's own dwelling, which was 

^nHumcd as well as a neighboring one in Richmond County. 

You have annexed a copy of Col. Downing ? s report of these trans- 
itions. I must not omit to mention that several platoons were 
uniformed negroes. 

1 had anticipated on the evening of the 2nd an attack upon Yeoeomico, 
hut supposed Kinsale and the Westmoreland borders of that river, a« 
"tey held out the strongest inducements, would be the points assailed. 


1814. I therefore broke up my encampment at Yeocomico church on the 2nd, 
\V<" tmore- encam I KM ^ at night in the neighborhood of Kinsale and gave the annexed 
land Co. order, which was very promptly obeyed, and the line of battle formed 
upon the banks of the river, just as the enemy had gotten under way 
and were giving their signals for the attack. We were probably dis- 
covered, as no attempt was made on us. We continued at our post* 
until we apprehended from the extent of the conflagration above us on 
another branch of the Creek, that there was danger of the Enemy 
descending from the head of the river and attack our force in the rear, 
which consisted of about fifty cavalry, sixty Artillerists, with two sixes 
and two four-pound field pieces, seventy riflemen and 250 Infantry. I 
retired a little way up in the country to guard against such an event 
About two o'clock I was informed that the enemy had borne up with 
several Kinsale, and was firing the houses. From the exposure 
on the bank to their cannon, I knew nothing could be done for the relief 
of the place. Major Yates, who was left at Kinsale with a volunteer 
detachment to watch the movements of the Enemy, was fired upon aud 
had one man killed by a grape Shot. At night I retired to this encamp- 
ment. The situation of this part of the country is deplorable, and unless 
more vigorous efforts are made for its defence, it must become desperate. 

Our negroes are flocking to the enemy from all quarters, which they 
convert into troops, vindictive and rapacious — with a most minute 
knowledge of every bye path. They leave us as spies upon our posts 
and our strength, and they return upon us as guides and soldiers and 
incendiaries. It was by the aid of these guides that ambushes wen 1 
formed every where in the woods — firing upon our troopers who wore 
reeonnoitering, whereby two of them had their horses shot under them, 
as had also (ienl. Parker, and the riders were pursued through every 
path and swamp, and narrowly escaped being taken or more probahly 
killed. From this cause alone the enemy have a great advantage over 
us in a country where the passes and by-ways through our innumerable 
necks and swamps are so little known to but very few of our officer* 8 
and men, and through which they can penetrate and be conducted with 
so much ease by these refugee blacks. 

The example too which is held out in these bands of armed negroes, 
and the weakness of the resistance which as yet has been made to opposf 
them, must have a strong effect upon those blacks which have not as 
yet been able to escape. 

Unless the Government will give this quarter more effectual aid, the 
ruffian system of warfare carried on by the enemy, aided by such niean^ 
will light up one universal conflagration throughout these counties. My 
present force at this place consists of the following: two troops of Car- 
airy, 60 strong, rank and file ; 2 Companies of Artillery, about 70 fit f»r 
service; 2 Companies of Riflemen, 50, and 12 companies of Infantry, 


nounting to 320 or 30, making an aggregate of 570 or HO, including 1814. 
ficers who are much fatigued and many upon the sick list, without an Wesimoi-e- 
et any hospital stores having heen provided. land County 

The last requisitions which I made hy order of the commander in 
hief upon Essex, Caroline, and King <fc Queen have not as yet arrived. 
Yhen they report themselves, I anticipate a force under my command 
besides the Northumberland, 2 Lancaster Militia ordered to be embodied 
n detachments below,) of about 12 or 13 hundred men in the whole, 
which I apprehend will be entered ineffectual for the contemplated de- 
fence. The present is the situation of the enemy's forces in the Potomac: 
> Ships, 2 Brigs, 13 Tenders, laying off Sandy Point. I have yet heard 
nothing from General Madison, and whilst the troops above remain under 
their present doubtful command, they can be of little service. It is, I 
consider, highly important that there should be the closest co-operation 
between our forces, and I have written him to that effect but have re- 
vived as yet no answer. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — There are not more Tents than enough to cover the troops 
already assembled, and should those from King & Queen, Essex, and 
Caroline now in requisition not be furnished before their arrival, they will 
he very much exposed. 

J. H. 

Auo't 3rd, 6 o'rPk, P. M. 

I have the honor to inform you that a detachment of the enemy's 
orco, consisting of about 3(X) men, landed this morning a little after 
'Unripe at Monday's Point or Yeocomico, where they were warmly re- 
fcived by a part of Captain Henderson's company of Artillery who were 
•tationed at that place. Having expended his round shot, and finding 


Hmself opposed by an overwhelming force, Capt. Henderson made a 

easterly retreat, and altho' pursued rapidly by the enemy, succeeded in 

'ringing off his piece and the whole of his little party in safety ; the 

ncniy having missed him in the pursuit by his obliquing from the main 

[>a d, advanced into the county as far as the dwelling house of Capt. 

Anderson (formerly called Davis'), which they burnt with his store- 

°Use and out houses, and the houses just across the road in Richmond 

°unty belonging to King. In retrograding, they burnt almost every 

^use on the public road to their point of re-embarkation, which I am 

'formed they effected. 

It is with pleasure that I have to inform you that about two hours 

tter the affair at Monday's Point, a joint and successful attack was made 

Pon a barge's crew which had landed at Mr. Sally Coxe's, on Cherry 




1814. point, by ('apt. Travers' Company of Infantry and the other detachment 
of Capt. Henderson's Artillery, under the command of Lieut. Crabb. In 
this affair the enemv sustained considerable loss in killed and wounded, 
and I regret to say that Lieut. Barnes, of the Infantry, and a private 
named Crahh of the Artillery, were hoth severely wounded by a dis- 
charge of grape from the barges low piece. Upon hearing of the enemy's 
landing and marching up into the Country, I immediately put the troop* 
at this place into motion and marched to oppose them, but after advanc- 
ing about six miles received information that they had returned to their 
boats, upon which we retrograded to this place. Relieving that the pub- 
lic and private property on Cone and at this place will l>e their next 
object, I have made such a disposition of the troops under my command 
as I supposed best calculated for their defence. I have been obliged to 
detach from the defence of Yeoeomieo a part of the very limited font. 
I have therefore to request, Sir, that you will take such steps as you may 
deem proper for the defence of that part of the County contiguous!" 
vou, and that vou will furnish us such further aid for the defence of tht 
most exposed frontier as you can spare. 

I an», Sir, very respect'ly, 

Y'r mo. obe't ser't, 

T. I). Downing, Com't 37th Ifojr't. 

Rrig. General Hungerford. 


Norfolk, Anyurt 10th, 18 U. 

Requisition on the Kxecutive of Virginia for a Regiment of Militia 
Infantry of those directed by the General Government on the 4th of 

• * 

July, last month, to be held in readiness for immediate service to rv\$tf 
without delay to this Post. 

Two .Lieutenant Colonels, Two Majors, One Surgeon, Two Surgeon 
Mates, Ten Captains. Twenty Lieutenants, Twenty Ensigns, One Ser- 
geant Major, One Quarter Master Sergeant, Two Principal Musicians- 
Fifty Sergeants, Forty Corporals, Twenty Musicians, and Nine Hundred 
privates, making an aggregate of one thousand and seventy-one Infantry 
of Virginia Militia. 

If two of the foregoing Companies could be of Riflemen or high 1 
Infantry, it would be desirable. 

Bv Command. 

Jas. Bankhead, 

Adj't Genl 


M. Porter (B. G. IT. S. A.) to the Governor. 

After hovering on the Coast for about twenty four hours, five of the 1814. 

nemy's vessels, viz : a frigate, a transport ship, two sleeps of war, and a {Jl"?!!. 2 ' 

rig arrived in and proceeded up the Bay in the afternoon of yesterday. 

y this accession, the Enemy's force now in the waters of the Chesa- 

eake is increased probably to thirty sail and three thousand marines. 

>f his vessels of war, at least four or five of them must be seventy 

[>urs, and perhaps eight or ten frigates. To oppose this force, should it 

ittack us, and I am induced to believe this post is the principal object, 

L have four thousand five hundred men, of which eleven hundred are 

uck, thus reducing the combatants of all sorts to about thirty-four 

hundred. To remedy in some measure this deficiency, I have called 

>ut a Regiment of the Militia from the vicinity, until the two Regiments 

•squired of the State, as part of its quota of twelve thousand, shall 

rrive at this place. 

May I be permitted to request of your Excellency, to cause any steps 

i your power to be taken, to have these two regiments here as soon as 

i>ssible. Your favor of the 9th instant is received and shall be dulv 

-tended to. 

I am, &c. 

William Lambert to the Governor. 

On Saturday the Oth Instant, at 4 o'clock P. M., two large ships, a brig 
id a schooner passed up the bay, and on Wednesday morning the 10th, 
Ship and Tender were seen from Wind mill Point on their passage 
ovn. Information has been received from Northumberland Court- 
ouse, that part of the enemy's force in the Potomac moved down that 
veron or about the 3rd of this month, and proceeded up Yeocomico 
* Kinsale, which they totally destroyed together with several other 
i>uses for seven or eight miles on both sides of the road leading from 
*unce to Richmond Court-house; they were then checked in their pro- 
fits by a detachment of artillery under the command of Capt. Hcnder- 
>n, but that small party were forced in a short time to retreat with the 
Kjs of their piece of artillery, having two ollicers wounded, one of them 
rice dead. It is represented that the fortunate arrival of a considerable 
Umber of our Militia from some of the upper counties, prevented a 
irther incursion into Richmond, on the edge of which the enemy burned 
le houses of Capt. Henderson above mentioned, and marched back to 
icir ships. We have not heard of British operations if any, from 
r ednesday the 3rd, tilt Sunday the 7th instant, when ten of their large 
dps and some small vessels dropped down to the mouth of Cone, a 

August 12, 




1814. creek emptying into the Potomac between Yeocomico and Smith's point, 

^nrater *" roin w ^* cn * ae y sent three barges up near the head of the Creek and 
Co. within two miles of Northumberland Court-house, for the purpose of 
taking three schooners anchored in their view; they were met by a com- 
pany of I^ancaster Militia who drove them back and cut away their 
colours, but the appearance of ten other barges filled with men, obliged 
our militia, who had not been reinforced, to retreat, which they did in 
good order, and without any personal injury. The British troops then 
took possession of the three schooners — landed on both sides of Cone, 
and burned all the houses they could find, some of which the property 
of James Smith, postmaster at Northumberland court-house, cost upward* 
of six thousand dollars. 

It is reported that there are nearly one thousand Militia at the place 
last named, and about 150 at Wicomico church in Northumberland, and 
that the Enemy's force at the mouth of Cone, including Tenders and 
vessels captured, amounts to thirty sail. 

The people of this part of Lancaster are in daily expectation of inva- 
sion and it is their opinion that the war will be carried on against 
them with inveterate malignity. It is said that the language of these 
marauding Britons to persons who are or have been in their power, 
accords with their actions ; and that among other terms of scurrilous 
indignity, the opprohious and insulting epethet of "rebels "has been 
applied to several native citizens of this State by some of the humane 
well-bred disciples of Admiral Cock burn. 

I am, &c. 

(ienvral Order*. Adjitaxt Gkxkkal's Office, 

Richmond, August Jjth, 1811 

In compliance with a requisition of the Commanding General at 
Norfolk, the following proportion of the troops placed in requisition by 
General Orders of the 20th ult. will take the field immediately, viz: 

The whole of the quota from the 20th Brigade. 

From the 13th Brigade, 1 Colonel, 1 Major, 5 Captains, 10 lieuten- 
ants, 10 Ensigns, 25 Sergeants, 20 Corporals, 5 Drummers, 5 Fifers, and 
400 privates. The whole will proceed to Norfolk without delay, armetl 
and equipped in the best manner practicable. 

Those from Cabell and Kanawha Counties will be armed and equips 
at Charleston on the Kanawha River. To meet this arrangement, Col- 
Henderson, of the lOfith Regiment, will forward from Point Pleasant 
the necessary Arms, Knapsacks, etc., to be placed in the hands of the 
men on their arrival at Charleston. 

All claims to exemption from duty must be made before a Regimental 


urt Martial, to be held for the purpose of hearing excuses. The men 1814. 

11 be mustered and inspected by the Adjutant of the Regiment or 

Tie officer specially appointed by the Commandant, as mustering 

ieer, who, together with the Officer commanding the Comjiany and the 

Omental Surgeon, must sign the muster roll and be resjmnsibie for 

< correctness. 

Three sets of muster-rolls must be made out for each company, 

rms of which are herewith sent. Let the column of name* be filled 

rat, with the Commissioned Officers according to rank ; then with the 

^-commissioned Officers and musicians, and lastly, with the privates 

\ Alphabetical ordr.r. In the columns for iulvic* yr&scnt^ let the names 

f those in the first column be repeated where they are actually i>re*aU 

id jtfunf in*jnrthm ; and under the head of Remarks, &c, let such facts 

u noted as are worthy of remarks, and have occurred in relation to 

iy one of them opj>osite to his name. It must also be noted whether 

e be a substitute or not. 

One copy of the muster-roll, when complete, must be forwarded to 

ii« office, another retained for the use of the Commanding Officer of 

e Company in making out his pay rolls, t&c, and the third for the 

tfnmanding General at Norfolk. 

The United States Quarter Master at this place, Capt. Joseph Wheaton, 

11 furnish the means of transportation, forage, &c, on the march. And 

ions will be obtained of the United States Contractor Robert C. Jen- 

igs or his agents. 

The Col. from the 20th Brigade will take his Staff with him, to consist 

one Surgeon, 2 Surgeon's mates, 1 Sergeant Major, 1 Quarter Master 

■jjeant, and 2 principal Musicians. The Col. from the 13th Brigade 

1 hare hi*. 

By order. Claihoune W. Gooch, I). A. G., 

For Moses Green, A. G. 


iVe arc this moment informed by express of the arrival of Twenty August 10 
ree additional sail of the enemy's vessels consisting chiefly of 74V, Norfolk 
Sites and transports. They are gone up the Bay. 
Tt is trulv unfortunate that so manv of our troops have not vet arrived, 
remedy in some measure their absence, I made a requisition of a 
ttulion from the «Sth Brigade agreeably to the letter some time since 
eived from you. I had a few minutes ago the mortification of ro- 
ving the refusal of the commanding officer of that Brigade to comply 
th the requisition. A copy of his letter inclosed. Of our present 
al number of between four and five thousand troops about thirteen 

mired are sick. 

I am, &c. 


Smithfield, AngvM 13th, 1811 

1814. Dear Sir, — I received your letter of the 12th instant, making a 

requisition on me as the Com'dt of the 8th Brigade for five hundred and 
seventy-nine men. This requisition can not he complied with until I 
hear from his Excellency the Governor of Virginia, on the subject, having 
never received orders from the Governor to that effect — only to aM>i*ratt 
with (hincral Porter whenever the emergency might require it, leaving it 
discretionary with me. His answer will be received on Tuesdav next, 
and should he direct the requisition to be complied with, every exertion 
shall be made bv me to forward them without delav. 

• • 

1 have the honor to be, 

With respect, Sir, 

Your most obt. Servt., 

Francis M. Boykin, 
Comdt. 8th Brigade. 

Tiios. M. Uayley (Lt. Col 2nd Reot.) to the Governor. 

August 18, On the return of Lieut. Wise who was charged with six thousand 
Accomack |) u, irs to } )e distributed to the Quarter Master of the 2nd Kept., accord- 

ing to my direction the Paymaster received two hundred dollars to nay 

some deficiencies of the last year, and the Quarter Master the balaw*. 

after deducting the Lieutenant's expenses going to Richmond. 1 directs! 

him to forward his account of expenses to be settled bv vou. I beliou 

A V ft, 

he retained about loO Dollars, the balance he paid to the Quarter Master. 
There were due to the Militia for services at the time Lieut. Wise left 
me, r>,.">28 Dollars ;>4 cents. I judged it most proper that the Quarter 
Master should receive the money to purchase provisions, by which hei-* 
able to do so upon better terms. Lieut. Wise informed me that tin- 
Executive would forward a Draft upon our Sheriff for $4,000. 1 havi 
not received the Draft. It is verv desirable that the Militia slwuM 
receive some portion of what is due to them, altho. as yet I have n»»t 
heard a murmur upon that subject. 

On Kridav last •"> o'clock in the afternoon. 1 received information trmii 
an Island man that I should be attacked in a few da vs. This man had 
•riven nie information heretofore that was correct, and is in mv interest. 
altho. in the enemy's possession. The force then at the Fort was fifteen 
hundred Blacks training with five hundred Marines. Three Britfs and 
twelve schooners lay in the harbour, and at the entrance of Tangier 
Sound opposite l'untrotea^ue, lay Admiral Cockburn in a 74 with two 
large transports and a Store Ship, who had entered the capes the day 
before. I understood the object of the enemy was to burn Onancock 
Town. I instantly ordered on duty three companies to reinforce the halt 


companies then at Pungoteague, Onancock and Chessemessix, and also 1814. 
a full company at Onancock Town. I repaired to the Onancock the xcroinack' 
centre station; hy 10 o'clock at night we were all ready, hut some slaves 
urho deserted in the early part of the night must have met the enemy's 
l^arges, for ahout 2 o'clock in the morning we distinctly heard their oars, 
l>ut never saw them. 

On Monday last all the ships and schooners left the harbour and sound 
( except a large Brig) and went up the Bay. I then discharged the 
n.«lditional force. I have received from the Government of the U. S. on 
tlic 2Wth ult, 1200 lbs. Musket Powder, 6 reams Musket Cartridge paper, 
rind 4541 lbs. Pig Lead, and gave duplicate receipts, one of which J sup- 
|>t)sc was forwarded to vou. This will be divided as directed with Cols. 
Xfcagwell and Pittn, and is an ample supply. I can get no cannon, Rifles, 
iitir carbines from the United States. Upon this subject I will not com- 
l>lain because I cannot get all I ask. I know your Excellency will do 
all that can be done for us, and the great demand made upon your 
E-xcellency and the Secretary of War, perhaps deprives you of the means. 
I shall endeavor to have our old Guns repaiied, and the bullets made, 
wlirii 1 can obtain the moulds from Phil 'a, which I shall send for the first 
<»1 »}H>rtunity, and have the Cartridges made. 

I am, &c. 

Archibald Morris to the Governor. 

Offering the services of himself and 40 men recruited for an Artillery August 19 
C*« ftinpanv in his countv with a list of their names. Bath Co. 

Philip Johnson (Lt. Col. 90th Reot.) to the Governor. 

-Asking permission to resign his commission on account of age and August 20, 
iritirtuitv. Amherst Co. 

John Armstrong (Sect'y War) to the -Governor. 

General Porter commanding at Norfolk reports that the Militia not August 20, 
having arrived pursuant to his last requisition, he issued orders for a War Bepart- 
RfcKiment of Militia in his immediate neighborhood, one Battalion of 
w nieh has been refused by the commanding officer of the 8th Virginia 
"rigwle, to whom the orders were given. The Militia General assigning 
^an excuse that he was under the Governor's orders to co-operate with 
^'iiml Porter whenever he should think proper. 


1814. It is presumed the Militia Officer is under a mistake which your 

War^uSt- Excellency will be pleased to correct 

ment Under the law of 95, any particular corps or section of Militia may 

be railed into service. 

I am, &c. 

Harry IIetii to Colonel John Pryor. 
August 21, Informing him that the Coal pits, formerly worked bv him, now in 

1(1 \r "IT 1 * 

the possession of Mr. Mathew Burfoot and others, wens filled with water 
from a fresh and not a suitable place of deposit for Cannon. 


William Wirt to tiie Governor. 

August 26, In conformity with your instructions, I have examined the state of _ 
Richmond {]w ^ U|w aml CAigsons ^j, tnc implements fitted up for the Flying ■ :1 

Artillery, and find that with a few hours' work thev will be fit to take 
the field. On the subject of horses, I have seen Major Prior and le:irn 
from him that there will be no difficulty in getting the horses umler » 
sufficient authority from the Executive, either by purchase or impress 1 " 
ment; the country around abounding with excellent horses well fitte* *■ 
for the draft. The horses which survive the campaign will reimburs*-" 
the original cost, so that the only or chief expense will be their support - 
The men who will form the Company arc, I presume, to be drawn froi» m 
the ranks of the 19th Keg't. and of course will be such as keep a* ' 
horses themselves — almost all who have horses and who are subject t • ' 
Militia duty having joined the Richmond Cavalry heretofore. Whether T 
the crisis is such, and the public expectation of the defence which wi 1 ' 
be made to save this city, sufficiently raised to justify this expenditu***' 
on the part of the Executive, is not for me to decide. 

Tf the authority shall be given to raise the corps on the assurance f 
that the Executive will furnish the horses, I have no doubt <»f tt "» 1 ' 
success of the attempt. I wait at the door of the Council ChamlxT f* ' r 
orders, either to proceed or desist, and return to the ranks of tfc >'" 
Militia. I will barely suggest that both the corps and the horses w "■•' 
require training, and that now or never is the time. 

I am, &c. 


A. Parker (Major Gen'l) to the Governor. 

T take the liberty of enclosing to you, at this moment of universal 1814. 

anxiety (in which I should he (loins injustice to suppose vou <lo not v£- l, tP M $ ?*» 
/ ° •' . " tredencKB- 

partieipate), a copy of a letter I have this moment received from Col. burg 
Green ; at the same time you will receive a letter, forwarded unsealed, 
l>v Mr. Williams through me to yourself. 

These things are lamentable and shockingly disgraceful ; we must 
endeavor so to conduct the war that the national character may be re- 
deemed, and that Virginia at least may exhibit a vigour worthy of our 
<"Uise. and which will not dishonor former achievements. Whilst an 
occasion is presented of addressing myself personally to you, I cannot 
withstand the opportunity of interesting your feelings in matters vitally 
connected with the existence of our armv, and in which the humanity 
of the commander is deeply concerned. The want of tents, regular siq>- 
plies of food ami liquor, canteens, pay, and many other things necessary 
t«»r the comfort, health, and spirits of the men is so much to 1m; deplored 
while they are in health, but tin; condition of the sick is unspeakably 
Stressing ; the number of which from the effects of the season concur- 
ring with the other uncomfortable distressing circumstances, increases in 
an accelerated progress. The; country will not supply Surgeons enough 
f°r their due attendance; no supplies of medicine deserving notice have 
l*cn furnished, and none at all of wine, instruments, bandages, lint, 
ligatures, <frc., &c, <fec. The consequences of this deficiency in ease of 
many wounds are too painful to reflect upon. I have been induced 
most deeply to feel and think upon this subject by the recent death of 
that gallant ofheer, Lieut. Barnes of Northumberland, whose wound 
Wanie mortal, I fear, becausd he wanted medical supplies. Shocking 
mdeed to every man of humanity is the anticipation I feel in case of an 
action that my wounded will be more unfortunate than the dead, because 
the death of the former will be as inevitable as that of the latter is cer- 
tain, and will be protracted through all the pangs of want and suffering. 

bet me interest you with all the feelings which I entertain on this 
s 'd)joet, to provide at once the means of preserving the health of the 
^cn and supplying the wants of the sick and wounded. 

For these purposes as well as for economy, it is necessary to supply 
the head of the Quarter Master's Depart. 

I would submit the propriety of appointing a Q. M. General. I would 

*"*> suggest that a medical department should be appointed and organ- 

I am, &c. 



John W. Green to Major-Gbn'l Albx'r Parker. 

1814. I have this moment reached this place. The town is wholly desli- 

ar^^f* * u *' c °^ ( ^ e ^ ence > an d has determined to surrender at discretion to the flat, 
Alexandria which is now at the Fort which they burnt this morning; a ilag went 
down to them early this morning to capitulate. Gcn'l Winder was 
yesterday on his march to Baltimore under the impression that the 
Enemy was marching to that place, but the British Army diverged to 
Nottingham, fifteen miles from Benedict on the Patuxent, where they 
lay last night. It is probable that they will immediately reimbark. In 
consequence of this movement of the Enemy, the troops on their march 
to Baltimore have been halted, and a part directed to return to the city. 
The city was evacuated by the British troops on Friday. I shall 
proceed to (ien'l Winder, altho' the principal object of my mission is 
defeated, yet I may render some service by seeing him. 

1 am, <fcc. 

Wm. C. Williams to the Governor. 

August 28, Gn my way to this place I met with John Campbell, Esqr., of West- 
Dmnfi-ies nioreland, with whom I had a few moment's conversation. He informed 
me that he was in Georgetown the dav on which the enemy entered the 
city. That the action near Bladensburg (if indeed it should be railed 
one), lasted only a few minutes, when the militia run and the enemy 
without firing a gun moved up in open collumn and took possession of 
the four pieces of Artillery under the command of that brave officer 
Barncv, who discharged them several times before thev were taken. He 
is said to he wounded and a prisoner. The only troops who made any 
effort, were those under Barney, and a company of troops (of what tic- 
script ion I did not understand), from Georgetown. The enemy's force 
as stated bv the Secretarv of the navv, did not exceed five or six thous- 
and, but according to two deserters, 4,500 effectives. 

The Navv vard, &o.. was burnt bv order of the Secretarv. The Capitol 
and war ollice were destroyed with one house belonging to an individual, 
bv theenemv.the former blown up, the latter burned. The cause assigned 
for destroying the private house Mas that two of their men were killed, 
and two wounded by persons tiring from that house, and the horse of 
(Jcnl. Boss killed under him. Genl. Winder retreated through the city 
and Georgetown, and has taken a position on the heights back of that 
place. Our loss about .">o, the enemy about the same. The Secretary of 
War has not been seen since the action, it is believed he has run off 
pleased with the fate of the city. Public indignation is very great against 
him. Mr. Madison is censured jrreatlv. 


I forbear to make any comment on this statement, such as it is, I send 1814. 

«» >-° u - IBS 

Mr. Campbell also stated that the main body of the enemy after arriv- 
g near the city fell back upon Bladcnsburg, and sent on into the city 
000 or 1,500. The Mayor of Georgetown was informed that their 
tiers were not to injure private property, and that it would be respected 
; would Jthe persons of individuals not in arms, unless they were fired 
i from private houses. 

I am. &c. 

Wm. C. Williams to the Governou. 

Since my arrival at this place, I have seen a trooper who left Alexan- August 28, 
ria to-day and Washington last evening; he informs me that the ( ^ ct '° < l uon 
nemy have left the city, that the Capitol is not blown up, but injured 
i some parts, principally in the columns and cornices. The President's 
3use is very much injured ; the walls however are standing. He also 
ates that a house was burnt in consequence of the firing the Capitol, 
e adds, the President returned to Washington last evening. Alexan- 
ria however is in the situation mentioned in my letter from Napsico. 
. surrendered to the Squadron in the Potomac. The trooper also 
iformed me that Col. Leval took 150 of the Enemy, as he was informed, 
l their retreat, he see 5 or 6 six of the prisoners. I wish this may be 
ue ; you shall be informed in my next. 

I fear you he tired with my frequent communications; you will how- 
rer ascribe it to the proper cause. My wish to inform you of every- 
ling 1 hear having anything like probability in it. 

I am, &c. 

N. 1>. — The S Armstrong was yesterday in Fredcrickstown. The 

eople was disposed to hang him. I almost wish they had. 

Thus. Prosser (Cap't Cavalry) to the Governor. 

The Enemy are still at Alexandria, from the information I can ^niniHt '*J 
:>tain. Alexandria has capitulated, I should say given to the British 5 miles from 

A If* Y*iri{ I t*i si 

1 they could — all their Tobacco, Flour and Merchandize. On yesterday 
entlemen of the neighborhood were permitted freely to enttrr the city, 
id to be eye witnesses of our degredation. The safety of their houses 
id household furniture is all that is retained to them ; to be broken 
lould any force be brought against them, or any stop made to their 
•ading their vessels, which they are doing with the utmost industry. 


1814. Their ships, six in number, lay off in the stream, their broadsides 
5 miles from P om ^ n B tne streets, in a position to rake them'even to the hills. Their 
Alexandria numbers various, by estimation from two to six hundred. 

General Hungerford is stationed at the edge of the Town where he 
arrived late last evening. What his intention is, I am unable to say ; 
am rather of the opinion we shall have warm work in the morning. I 
shall be in Camp at 4 o'clock. There was a considerable firing down 
the Potomac about 5 o'clock last evening — unable to say from what 

I am, &c. 


August 30, I received a letter this morning from Cap't O. Allen, Commanding at 
Norfolk Y or i Powhatan, representing his strength and requiring reinforcements. 
His aggregate force for duty is something less than an hundred, which 
is inadequate to the protection of that place. 

Your Excellency must be satisfied that I have no superfluous force at 
my disposal here, and the remote situation of that post from me, 
together with my inability at this time to reinforce, induces me to 
request that the assistance required should be furnished by your Excel- 
lency, who it is presumed can do so with the greatest facility. 

As I am ignorant of the manner in which the Government wishes to 
employ the force under the Command of General Porterfield, as well as 
the situation of Fort Powhatan, I have thought it advisable to call ujwu 
you to garrison that post with such force and in such manner as you 
may think deserving. 

I am, Arc. 

Jas. Monroe (S'ct'y of State) to the Governor. 

Aujru*t31, ^ v have this moment received information, the correctness of which 
War Depart- j s 1K) ^ doubted, that the Enemy evacuated Nottingham yesterday at 10 
o'clock. The barges moved down about 4 o'clock. It is believed that 
they embarked from Benedict last evening and this morning. I gi ve 
you this notice for your information as early as possible, as it may have 
a bearings on your arrangements for the defence of your section of the 

I am, A:c. 


To his Excellency James Barbour, Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth : 181- *. 

The Petition of the Subscribers, Officers of the Junior Blues, 
raised in the City of Richmond, having embodied themselves as volun- 
teers, to the number of twent-five boys of the age of about fifteen years, 
to serve their country in the just and necessary War in which she is 
engaged, being determined to exert themselves to the utmost in repelling 
the Enemy, should he be so daring as to attempt an invasion of the 
Capitol of the State over which your Excellency presides, beg leave on 
behalf of themselves and the other members of their Company to solicit 
at your hands the favor of being furnished with muskets and such 
other Military weapons as may enable them to discharge the duties they 
have undertaken to perform with benefit to their Country and honor to 
themselves. And your Petitioners as in duty bound, <fec. 

Samuel B. Jones, Captain. 
John G. Robert, Lieut. 
W. D. Anderson, Ensign. 

James Monroe (Sect'y State) to the Governor. 

The enemy have embarked on board of their vessels on the Patuxent, gept. i 
and will, as I presume, in execution of their desolating system, proceed 
immediately to some other of our principal towns. Richmond is known 
to lie one on which they have fixed their attention; Norfolk and Balti- 
more are others ; against which they will move in the first instance, will 
probably not be known until they turn their men in a marked direction 
towards it. 

Be on your guard, prepared at every point, and in all circumstances 

to repel the invaders. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. C. Williams to the Governor. 

I arrived at this place having left Geivl Hungerford with a part of his Sent, i f 
troop on the heights above Alexandria. Col. Parker's Reg't with the Occoquon 
Fauquier troops who have joined, having during the last night and this 
morning been detached to the White House, a few miles below Mount 
Vernon, which is a very commanding situation, where the commanding 
General intends if possible to stop the fleet. I fear, however, the busi- 
lias been too long delayed, as during the last night the enemy sent down 
the river a small bomb vessel, and this morning before I left camp were 
getting under way the vessels they had taken and loaded with flour, and 



1814. our information was that they had not been on shore to-day, and were 
w^Minnn llia ^ H1 K every possible exertion to get off immediately. Some report 
says the enemy have; embarked all their troops on the Patuxent, othera 
say they have received a reinforcement of six transports. I rather think 
the former the more probable. The acting Secretary at War said be 
would communicate with you from time to time, but thought you had 
better keep up your present force. Should that not lie done I think you 
may calculate U)K>n a visit; if it is, I do not believe they will attempt it 
with their present force, notwithstanding the good fortune in this quarter. 
It is possible I may remain a day or two at Fredericksburg, if so diall 
write you again from that place. 

I am, &c. 


Sept. 2 On Tuesday the 3rd ultimo, I set out from Camp Holly with the view 

pointed out to you in a personal interview on the evening previous to 
my departure from Camp Fairfield. At Savage's I received your com- 
munication informing me of your inability to accompany me, and at the 
.same time a recommendation that 1 should proceed alone. In pursuance 
of this recommendation, added to an ardent desire which I felt to explore 
the grounds where the enemy might attempt a lauding, whether on York 
or James River, together with the face of the country over which they 
would probably travel on their route to Richmond. I proceeded accom- 
panied by an Aid-de-Camp, together with Capt. Hethof the Cavalry, and 
Captains Stevenson and Cary of the Artillery, to Cumberland and Wot 
Point on the Pamuukev and York rivers, and from thence to Sandv 
Point, Fort Powhatan and the Malvin Hills to the place where we 
arrived this morning about 10 o'clock. 

1 have no hesitation in stating it as my opinion that should the 
Enemy strike at Richmond, the route by the York river will be selected. 
A fair wind and a half day's sail will bring the Enemy to the Brick 
house on York river where it would be idle to oppose their landing 
There is around that point a line landing, together with an extensive 
plain, which would be completely under the command of their Armed 
Ships. I can further state that 1 do not think that an effectual check 
can be given to the Enemy, should he land at the Brick house, before lie 
reaches the Chickahominv. At Bottom's Bridge and its vicinitv. the 
Eneinv ought to be met; there is evervthimr in our favor which arise? 
from the face of the Country. There are line commanding emineneies 
suitable for the eflectual use of Artillery and Cavalry. We have ascer- 
tained from intelligent persons living on the Chickahominv, that it can 
be forded at this season of the vear at everv place almost al»ove 


lom's Bridge, and at a great many places below. Even as far as 1814. 
se miles below the Forge Bridge, consequently nothing will induce p 

Enemy to take the route by Bottom's Bridge in the face of our 
ny, but two circumstances: 1st, a confidence in their strength; and 
lly, its being the most direct route. Should the Enemy be induced 
approach the Capital by any other than the direct route by Bottom's 
dge, I think they will leave the main road about six miles before 
y reach it, and attempt to cross the Chickahominy at the new bridges 
>ut eight miles above Bottom's Bridge. This route is the next nearest, 
1 furnishes a good road, but at the passage of the river affords us 
•und equally strong with that at Bottom's Bridge. In fine, we are 
i>rmed that an attempt to pass the Chickahominy at any point will 
nish to us great advantages in defence. The southern shore of that 
er being hilly and commanding at any point where it is possible for 
; Enemy to pass. Being impressed with the belief that the Capital 
i be approached from York River, and the Chickahominy being liable 
Ik? passed in so many places, I thought it advisable to invite Captain 
iton W. Crump, of New Kent County, to raise a company of rangers, 
isisting of men of activity, courage and intelligence, to act as videttcs 
ween the two rivers, provided it should meet with the approbation 
your Excellency. He has complied with my request, and has this 
7 reported himself to me, together with two Lieutenants, an Ensign 
1 twenty privates. This Company, in addition to the qualities above 
ntioncd, have been raised in the part of the country where they are 
ended to act, are well acquainted with vessels and water courses, 
ether with all roads and bye paths in that part of the country, and 
uld, of course, be a much more efficient and eligible corps to obtain and 
nsmit information than any under my command. I therefore take 

• liberty to recommend to your Excellency to receive them into 
vice for the purpose above mentioned and to place them under my 

\s to the mode of providing for this corps and other particulars, I 

3r you to Captain Crump, the bearer of this. 

Though it may be perceived from what has been said, that I think 

; Enemy cannot be effectually checked until he reaches the Chicka- 

ninv, yet his approach might be greatly retarded by a light corps of 

Of) men under the command of an active Officer stationed near the 

:rk house. 

These men could play before the enemy and could select even in that 

ooth country, many advantageous points of attack, and could, upon 

• enemy's approach to the Chickahominy, easily fall upon their rear. 
x>rps of this kind could be provisioned in the neighborhood by Major 
nd ridge Watkins. 

From the Brick house we proceeded by the way of Coles Ferry to 


1814. Sandy Point upon James river. There is nothing to obstruct the landing 
Sept- 2 f Troops at that point. The whole Peninsula between James and 
Chickahominy is here almost a perfect plain, and the only thing that 
prudence can suggest, is the employment of a similar corps with that 
proposed to act on Y,ork river. Thinking it probable however that the 
enemy might attempt to pass higher up the river in order to shorten their 
march by land, I visited Fort Powhatan with a view of ascertaining 
what annoyance they would receive at that point The annexed report 
will shew the means of defence in the hands of the Garrison. There is 
a great deficiency of hard ordnance which ought to be supplied. I have 
no hesitation in stating it as my belief that if that Fort was well manned 
and supplied, it will be extremely hazardous for the British vessels to 
attempt to pass it. I think also that the Fort can defend itself against 
any force by water, and that if it does fall, it must be from an attack by 

From Fort Powhatan we proceeded up the river to the Malvern Hills. 
It is here that the enemy can be effectually checked should he advance 
from Sandy Point, or any other point on the river below them. These 
Hills furnish many advantageous positions, which I shall immediately 
occupy. For this position together with the position at Bottom's Bridge, 
I begleaveto request of your Excellency to furnish me with seven eighteen- 
pounders to be used at Bottom's Bridge upon logs, if no better means of 
using them can at this time be procured — and two twelve-i>ounderst<>be 
used at the Malvern Hills. You will excuse this hurried report. Capt 
('rump is waiting to carry it with him. 

I am, <fec. 

M. Porter (B. G. U. S. A.) to the Governor. 

Sept. :i, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your several favors 

Norfolk this morning, and regret that I do not find it the interest of my command 
to spare Lieut. Henderson. Out of seventeen Artillery Officers at this 
post, nine are rendered incapable of discharging their duty from sickness. 
Under these circumstances I am pursuaded your Excellency will admit 
that Lieut. Henderson's services are more desirable here than at Rich- 

Nothing of importance has transpired since my last, but we expect the 
Enemv with the first fair wind. 

I am, <fcc. 


James Monroe (Sect'y) to the Governor. 

orry to inform you that the enemy's squadron has passed our 1814. 
t the White House on the Potomac river. It was impossible to i^pJrtnwnt 
ich a number of heavy pieces in the present state of affairs here of War 
vent it 

jet which had descended the Patuxent with the troops on board 
iployed against this city, and a reinforcement since received, 
id paused at the mouth of that river on account as was sup- 
the detention of this Squadron, descended the bay yesterday 
• the Potomac or some other object lower down the bay. As it 
j will immediately be known that the squadron has passed our 
t may proceed to such other object which must be, I presume, 
one in the bay, either Norfolk or Richmond. 
;n to give you this intelligence that you may be prepared to 
enemy should they present themselves at either place. 

I am, &c. 

Jas. Monroe (Sect'y) to the Governor. 

demy's squadron having in part left the Patuxent and stood Sept. 0, 
; bay, induces a belief that an attempt may be made on Norfolk, Var I^P* 1 *" 
you in repelling an attack if made in that quarter, I have re- 
he Governor of North Carolina to order fifteen hundred men 
Jelay to that place, to report on their arrival to the commanding 

I am, &c. 

E. Mason to the Governor. 

had the honor to receive your letter of the 31st of August. Sept. 7, 

your Excellencv will be assured that it would have been sooner Of 00 °f 
J • . Comr. 

to hut for the general derangement of the public officers pro- Prisoners 

re by the presence of the enemy. The ordinary and regular Wa8n,n K ton 

to prisoners is to request the military to deliver them over to 

hal of the State or some Deputy Marshal employed for the pur- 

I most convenient to the place of capture. But in this instance 

resumed the communication across the Ray is interrupted, and 

[irshal of the next neighboring State (Maryland) is so far distant 

mild be expensive and troublesome to march that small number 

ere to Baltimore, I have requested the favor of Major Pitts to 


1814. endeavor to dispose of them by communicating with some of the enemy'* 
Ofl&e of sn *P s in his vicinity and making an exchange for them. 
(V)mr. In this case, the question of Prisoner or no Prisoner can hut be 

Washington ^^^d against the Enemy. In the commencement of the war, this Gov- 
ernment, anxious to produce by example the most liberal construction on 
this point, in one or two instances released without condition their men, 
altho 1 found in arms, who had been cast on shore by stress of weather. 
They have however so illy retributed this honorable course of conduct, 
that it was soon seen that to continue it would be worse than useless. 
But independently of these considerations, the men in question, by the 
attempt to conceal their real character, have forfeited all claim of that 

The British fleet which laid Alexandria under contribution, hauled 
off from that place on Saturday. On Monday they were for a short 
time engaged by Captain Porter with a half dozen heavy Guns and 
some Field Artillery at the White House, twelve miles below, but as the 
wind was fair and strong in the latter part of the affair, they passed 
him with but little damage to their ships. It is believed however they 
were smartly galled by our Riflemen. They poured in an immense 
quantity of round shot and grape for two hours on our Battery and 
Camp. We lost however only six or seven killed and fifteen to twenty 

The same evening, Commodore Perry opened a battery on them of a 
few guns from the Indian Head, a few miles below the White House, 
which thev returned with a tremendous fire. 

No material visible injury was done to their ships. It is not yet 
known what loss Perrv has sustained. Yesterdav at 4 o'clock P. M., 
the British Fleet was off the mouth of Quantico. 

By the last account* from Patuxent (last evening) the last division of 
the Enemy's forces there had pointed their course down the Bay. 

I am, <fcc. 

Wm. Nekerves to the Governor. 

Sept. 8, Your letter of the 5th instant, requesting a further accommodation 

Richmond f rolll |],j s n ;l nk ])y the payment of warrants drawn on the Treasurer in 

anticipation of the Revenue of the Commonwealth, was duly received. 

but not officially acted upon until this day in consequence of the absent* 

of several of the Directors. 

I now communicate to vou a resolution of the President and Directors 
of this date on the subject. 

"Besolved that the? Cashier be, and he is hereby authorized and 
requested to take up the warrants mentioned in the letter of the Gover- 


nor of the 5th instant, to an amount not exceeding one hundred and 1814. 
fifty thousand dollars including the warrants heretofore taken in." Rklnnond 

I am, &c. 

John Davenport to the Governor. 

Informing him of his safe arrival at Cartersville with the Books of Sept. 11, 
Record and papers of the Land Office, and the renting of a suitable Carteisville 
house at that place for storing them. 

J as. Monroe (Scty.) to the Governor. 

I rejoice to have it in my power to announce to you that the enemy Sept. 14, 
have made an unsuccessful attack by land and water on the Town of ^ent* 

I transmit to you a copy of a letter from General Smith communicat- 
ing this important intelligence. 

I am, &c. 

C'opy. Head Quarters Hamstkad Hill, Baltimore, 

Sep. Uth, 1S14, 10 A. M. 
Sir, — I have the honor of informing you that the enemy after an 
unsuccessful attack lioth by land and by water on this place, appear to 
Ikj retiring. We have a force banging on their rear. I shall give you 
further particulars in the course of the day. 

I have the honor to be, etc., ifcc, 

Your most obedient servant, 

S. Smith. 
Hon. Jas. Monroe, Acting Scty. War. 

The enemy's vessels in the Patapsco are all under way going down the 
river. I have good reason to believe that General Boss is mortally 

Chas. Johnston to Benj'x Hatcher. 

You will perceive by the enclosed resolution of the board of Directors Sept. 16, 

that it is made niv dutv to request of vou to call upon the Governor and * ar ?? nIc 

1 - * Lynchburg 

Council for a military guard for the protection of this place. 

The Besolution has been adopted in consequence of a disclosure of 


1814. some negroes upon a late examination, at which, altho' a plot was not 

FaTBank actua ^y developed, yet it appeared from the evidence of all that a general 

Lynchburg rising of the blacks in this quarter has lately been the subject of frequent 

conversations amongst them, ,and that the Banks of this place have 

always been spoken of as the first object. 

This spirit of insurrection has no doubt been produced by two causes, 
first, the approach of a foreign enemy ; and secondly, the exposed con- 
dition in which this part of the country has been left by the repeated 
calls of the Militia which have been made upon it, leaving scarcely any 
other population than that of old men and boys. 

The board of Directors seeing the danger to which such a state of 
things exposes this and a similar institution, in which the State has also 
a deep interest, and believing that by placing a small military force at 
this place to servo as a rallying point, the danger may be averted, have 
felt it their duty to take up the subject, and to request you to ask of tin* 
Hon'blc Executive to alford us such protection as they in their judgment 
may deem adequate to the object. 

I am, &c. 

The board of Directors having some reason to apprehend an insur- 
rection amongst the Blacks, and believing that the Banks at this place 
will be one of their first objects, 

Resolved, That the President be requested to write to the President 
and directors of the Farmers Bank at Richmond for the purpose of lay- 
ing the subject before the Governor and Council, and to request that the 
(lovernor and Council will, if it be not incompatible with the public 
safety at other places, furnish for the protection of the Town of Lynch- 
burg one or more companies of Militia with arms, ammunition, &c. 

Davidson Bkadfutk, Caslrr. 
Lynchburg, Sep. Kith, KSH. 

William R. Ci/stis to tub Governor. 

Sept. U>, In the absence of Lieut. Col. Bayly the command of the 2nd Kegt. h;i> 

Accomack ( ] eV olved upon me. From the great difficulties we experience herefrom 

the want of pecuniary assistance, I have thought proper to dispatch John 

A. Bundick, Est jr., the Quarter Master of this Regiment, to Richmond 

for the purpose of soliciting aid from the Executive. 

The enemy first established himself at Tangier about the 5th of April 
last. »Since that time part of the Regiment has been continually upon 
duty, and upon several different occasions the whole Regiment has been 
called out. Shortly after the commencement of the Guards being estab- 
lished on the Bay shore, the quarter Master was enabled to purchase pro- 


visions entirely from the Loans made by the officers. The sum which 1814. 
was furnished by the Executive through Mr. Wise in June last, has been A^^ack 
entirely exhausted in furnishing provisions, and the Quarter Master is 
now considerably in advance to the Regiment. A resort has again been 
made to the Officers for loans, but with much worse success than formerly, 
there being not a sufficiency obtained in that way to sustain the troops 
on duty for 10 days. Since the first commencement of the guards, the 
officers of the Regiment have drawn neither pay nor rations, and not 
one of the soldiers has received a single cent for pay. In fact, recently the 
Soldiers have found themselves provisions under the expectation author- 
ized by their officers, that the Quarter Master would pay them the price 
of the component parts of the ration in money; but on their discharge, 
the situation of the finances of the Quarter Master was such as to preclude 
the possibility of his doing so. The pressure of these circumstances has 
lately been particularly hard upon the people of this Regiment. They 
have performed a great portion of particularly fatiguing Military duty 
without compensation, and have recently been compelled to pay the high 
taxes which the pressure of the times have required to be imposed. 
They have however, borne the whole with cheerfulness, from a confident 
hope and expectation that the justice of the Executive would not permit 
the revenues to be drawn from Accomack to support the war, and leave 
the j>eopie of this county without compensation for their services, when 
from their peculiarly exposed situation they have had to perform a very 
arduous duty. I believe that the 2nd Regiment has performed its duty 
with as much alacrity and cheerfulness as any Regiment in the Com- 
monwealth, but I can not indulge the hope of a continuance of this good 
c *oiiduct without their being paid for their services. The compensation 
which the farmer and mechanic receives when called into service, is small 
enough indeed, and without that is paid punctually, it can not be 
e *l>ected that they will do the duty as well as if they are paid when 

^titled to it. 

From our Geographical situation, it is well known that unless we are 
famished with money and other necessary means of defence, it being 
lQ ilK)ssible for us to derive assistance on any emergency from the 
Western Side of the Bay, we must give up the show of resistance and 
8| ibmit to the mercy of a merciless Enemy. There is no Regiment in 
the Commonwealth to whom this alternative would be more unpleasant 
"*an to the 2nd, yet, disagreeable as it is, they see no possibility of its 
heing averted except the Executive will furnish us with the necessary 
^eans of defence and support. Of Ammunition, we have a good 
8u Pply ; of cannons, we have but few ; and 60 or 80 musket would com- 
pletely arm the Regiment, but all this will not do without money to 
Purchase provisions. From the readiness with which the Executive 
have hitherto attended to all the requests of the Eastern Shore, the 


1814. Executive stand high in the estimation of the people, and the confidence 
V^coma 'k re P oseCi °y me in them, induces me to expect confidently a favorable 
result to the present application. I hope the Executive will furnish as 
at least with a sum equal to the Revenue from Accomack, and a draft 
on the Sheriff would answer as well as the cash. This will be handed 
by Mr. Bundick, who is competent to give the Executive every inform* 
tion which may be wanted relative to the Enemy, and relative to our 
own situation. The force of the Enemy at Tangier is almost continually 
changing. At present it consists of 1-74, 2 Brigs, and several schooners, 
and about 10 days past it consisted of upwards of 20 Ships and Brigs. 

I am, &c. 

James Monuoe to the Governor. 

Sept. 10, The Enemy has passed down the Bay, out of sight, below Annapolk 
G of VVar 11 1* ,na y ^e presumed that they will attack either Richmond or Norfolk. 
The. force collected near Richmond is, I trust, fully ade< mate to its 
defence. Norfolk, General Porter writes me, is not so well prepared. 
Cannot some additional force be thrown into its aid. I fear the rein- 
forcement from North Carolina will not arrive there in time. 

I am, &c. 

Jas. Bankheai* (Adj't Gen'l) to tub Governor. 

Sopt. lu, I have the honor to enclose to your Excellency a morning rejuirt of 

Norfolk t j Je f orces a t t|,j s ]> U8 t which will convince you, I have no doubt, of the 

propriety of ordering the number of Troops last required for the defend* 

of this place. 

An Express has been sent to the Governor of N. Caroliua, U> 

request him to hurry on the Troops required of that State, but .should 

they arrive in due time, it is conceived that our force here will be too 


By Command. 

I am, &c. 

M. Porter to the Governor. 

Sept. 22, 1 discover, with regret, that your request to be furnished with an 

Norfolk Engineer has by some inadvertancy, never been replyed to. It will at 

all times give me pleasure to render you any service in my power, but it 


utterly impossible to spare Captain Thayer, who is the only Engineer 1814. 
know of in Virginia. You mentioned aCap't Randolph of the Flying Norfolk 
Lrtillery as an Officer who would probably answer your purpose. I 
now of no such Officer; but it is probable you allude to Cap't Ran- 
lolph of the 20th Regiment, U. S. I. I have been informed that that 
)flk»er is in Virginia somewhere, but at what place, or upon what duty, 

am unable to say, and therefore could not command him. 

I am very much disappointed in learning from D. A. Gen'l Gooch's 

ctter of the 19th Inst., that your Excellency cannot spare a part of the 

orces collected near Richmond for the protection of this place, as I fear 

he want of them may be attended with serious consequences. Two 74\s, 

i frigate and tender of the enemy's vessels came down the bay to-day. 

The 74 is gone to sea, and there is another sail in view coming down the 


I am, <fcc. 

Chas. Everette to James Monroe (Sect'y War). 

The defensive measures taken by the State of Virginia both to rej>el Sept. 29, 
nvasion and to meet those predatory attacks of the Enemy with which Washington 
the has been constantly threatened, have no doubt been duly appreciated 
>y the Government of the United States. 

To enable her to continue those defences, deemed not more important 
o her own safety than essential to the security of that portion of the 
"nion of which she forms a part, the Executive has requested me respect- 
ully to represent to you the present exhausted state of our finances, and 
o solicit such aid as it may be convenient for the General Government 
r> furnish. I shall not advert, Sir, to those claims already presented to 
he department of War on a former occasion, and which since that time 
lave accumulated to a very considerable amount. The ground on which 
hey stand has been heretofore fully and ably elucidated, and they clearly 
vince a disjwsition on the part of Virginia, when the occasion presents, 
>roroptly to advance the means she i>ossesses, and frankly to repose on 
he justice of the Government for future retribution. But I would beg 
eave to call your attention for a moment to the present condition in 
vhich the war has placed us. 

To protect our shores from the constant inroads of the enemy, the 
tfilitia of the whole of our low county has been kept almost on constant 
luty, besides the repeated and almost daily reinforcements which were 
•equired to supply the Post of Norfolk. About the first of August a 
letachinent of 2,000 men under the command of Gen'l Porterfield, were 
•rdered to take the field, and scarcely had this Brigade assembled, when 
t was ascertained that the present formidable force of the Enemy had 
jntered our waters, and its sudden ascent on the City of Washington 


1814. induced the Executive of the State to order out 10,000 men for the 
Wellington defence °f Richmond and the surrounding country. In addition to this, 
a considerable force was ordered to rendezvous in the Northern Nock to 
protect the shores of the Potomac, with a view to look to the defence of 
Washington or any other point to which it might be directed. Not hav- 
ing time to consult the General Government, and being unwilling to add 
to the difficulties already resulting from the pressure of the Enemy, the 
whole of this force, with all its concomitant expense supported by the 
State, has been kept in the field until the present time. It is no doubt 
well known to you that the sum of near 500,000 dollars had been for- 
merly advanced to the Government of the U. S. in the various calls of 
the State Militia to Norfolk ana elsewhere, and that a part of those claims 
had already been sent forward and acknowleged to be due by this dej>art- 
ment, but still remain unpaid. We have recently advanced to Mr. Joi- 
ning alone, the contractor of the U. S. at Richmond, near 70,000 dollars, 
besides a very considerable amount to others for subsistence of the troops 
now in service; at the same time also finding the Brigade of Gen'l 
Porterfield after it had been received into the service of the United States, 
destitute of funds, necessa