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STANFORD university ubr« STANFORD 







STANFORD university libraries STANFORD 






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CALENDAR \ >.^ . k ^ 






JANUARY 1, 1782, TO DECEMBER 31, 1784, 




Wm. p. Palmer, M. D., op Virginia, 

Under authority of the Legislature of Virginia. 



Sherwin McRae, 

Under authority of the Library Committee. 






Entored according to an Act of Congreu, 

By thk commonwealth OK VIRGINIA, 

In the Office of the Librariaii of Congi'«H at Wofhington. 

Afft 2S Itf98 


This volume, the third in the series arranged and edited by William P. 
Palmer, M. D., extending from January the first, 1782, to December the thir- 
tieth, 1784, furnishes a new phase of the condition of the people of Virginia, 
during the period over which it extends. 

The modern demand for histories of the people, in contrast with histories 
of rulers and governments, has revolutionized, in large degree, historical com-, 
position, and given a value to the Virginia State Calendar, and similar works, 
which cannot be two highly estimated. The sacrifices made by Virginia in 
the conquest of liberty and the establishment of a government which are the 
common property of the people of the United States, (so fully recorded in 
these papers,) will much increase the sense of obligation to Virginia, felt by 
all. To the historical student interested in the original manuscripts preserved 
in the archives of the Commonwealth, it may be proper to state that, in the 
superintendence of this volume, while passing through the press and in the 
preparation of the index, I have had ample means of knowing that this work 
of Dr. Palmer is marked by unusual accuracy in transcription and judgment 
in annotation — so important in works of this character. 




Major Eob*t Forsyth to Col : Davies. 1782. 

In reficard to the amount of Spirits, and Salt due from the State of Vir- January Ist 
ginia, to the Continent— viz : "134282 galls: of the former, and "15443 
Bushels of the latter." He had already on the 2l8t ult: urged the 
necessity of this supply being furnished but the Executive had not 
noticed his communication. He now begs for a temporary supply for 
the immediate use of the Southern Army, particularly of Salt, to the 
amount of one thousand bushels, and twenty hhds: of Bum. He has 
no means of transporting it. 

Jos: Jones, J. Madison ju: and Ed: Randolph to Gov: Harrison. January ist 


A Letter from Genl: Heath who commands the Armj^ on the North Philadelphia 
River, dated the 26th ult, informs Congress that an intelligent persdn • 
from New York had reported to him, that an embarkation of Troops 
was taking place there, that he saw a part of them going on board, and 
a number of dragoon horees hoisted into the Vessels, that he was told 
by a Captain with whom he was well acquainted, that Genl: Leslie 
bad written to Genl: Clinton, that unless he was reinforced with nine 
hundred men, he could not defend Charles Town, that a much larger 
number than that were to embark, that besides Charles Town, they 
were destined to Georgia and Augustine. The person did not know all 
the Corps that were to embark, but was informed there were to be some 
British, some Hessians, & the new raised Corps, of which Robinsons & 
the N. York volunteers were particularly mentioned. They appeared 
to be bringing down much baggage to the wharves. It was said, they 
expected to have the whole on board by the Sunday preceding the date 
of the letter. 

Although the general plan of our Official Correspondence excludes 
unauthenticated intelligence, the successful enterprise of the Marquis 
de Builli ag*st the Island of Eustatius, is attended with so many marks 



1782. of reality that wo cannot well omit it. The article in the inclosed 
January Ut Gazette under the Antigua head in particular, is little short of a con- 
firmation of it. 

We have the honor to be with the highest respect & esteem 

Yr: Excellency's ob*t & very h*ble Serves" — 

January l»t Capt: J. Pryor TO CoL: Davies. 

Richmond Begging for Clothing for the Artificera at his Laboratory — Laments 
the present condition of things, which requires an Order from him for 
the most trifling things — In consequence of this his workmen are often 
idle, when if he had the power to call upon the other departments for 
aid without first having to get authority from the Com: of War, his 
own department would be much more efficient — adds "whatever must 
be done for Forage, my Waggon and riding horses are on the eve of 
perishg: and no prospect that I see of relief: the State of our public 
afiairs are in so exhausted & lamentable a situation, that I almost 
despond of effecting any thing either honorable to myself or salutary to 
the Public by any exertion that I may be able to make — The arms from 
York now lay on the ships at Ozborns, and when I shall be able 
to get them up, I have not the most distant view — I did propose the 
vessel that was intended for the bringing up the cannon, for that pur- 
pose, but she is now without hands, should embezzlements be the con- 
sequence of such delays, I hope I may stand acquitted of being the 
cause, &c — 

January l8t J AS: HoLT, LiEUT: IIth Va. Reqt: to Col: Davies. 

Cabbin Point Informing him of his recent severe illness, the Surgeon requiring him 
not to expose himself for at least three months — He send his "Servant 
Jesse Kelly a Soldier of the Va. Line for the War" for clothing, he not 
having rec'd a single Article since his exchange — 

January Ist Capt: Churchill Jones, 3d Reg't L. Dragoons, informs Col: Davies he 
Petersburg has sent his letter of the 13th Dec: just rec'd to Col: Baylor who com- 
mands the Cavaliy at this place — When they can move he cannot say, 
as they have neither bridles or halters for "upwards of a hundred 
horses" — Colo. Baylor will wait on the Council on his way through 
Eichmond — 

January l8t Col: Davies desires instructions of the Executive, as to the demands 
War Office of the Continental Service upon the State Salt — The Executive order 
him to deliver it to their Agent. 


Gov: Thos: S. Lee in Council to Gov: Harbison op Va. 1782. 

January 2nd 
"Sir ^ 

We were yesterday honored with your letter of the 2l8t ulto. and Annapolis 
shall give directions that the line of Posts be continaed from Alexan- 
dria through this State — We have written to the Count de Bochambeau 
to this effect: and we hope his apprehensions of unnecessary delay of 
his dispatches will be removed — We are greatly obliged to your Excel- 
lency's communication respecting Joseph Shoemaker-^— from the infor- 
mation that can be obtained, we are induced to believe he originally 
resided in Pennsylvania, and removed from thence to Virginia, and was 
an Inhabitant of your State when the Depredations alluded to by you, 
were committed/' ♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

We have the Honor to be &c 

Lieut: Nathl: Price, sends to War Office list of five Soldiers, enlisted January 2nd 
for six months, and recommends the abandonment of the Post at that Prince 
place, there being no probability of any more soldiers being received Houwe 

Col: Davies informs the Executive, that a suit for damages to the January 2nd 
amont of £100,000 is about to bo brought by Col: Adams against Capt: War Office 
Anderson "of the Corps of Artificers," for cutting timber "necessary 
for the Shops" — The Executive agrees to submit the demand to the 
decision of Arbitrators — 

Ensign Strother Settle applying to Col : Davies for authority to order January 2nd 
from Capt: Young clothing and shoes for some Soldiers he has to send Fredericks- 
to Cumberland Old Ct. House to Col : Febiger — They are naked and """^ 

bare-foot, and Capt Young will not issue an article without orders from 
the War Office &c. 

Col : Ed : Carrington informs the Governor of the necessity of a guard January 8rd 
over the Stores removed to the other side of the Eiver, and suggests Richmond 
that the Chesterfield Militia be ordered at once to take charge of them, 
in place of the Henrico Militia just releived, in as much as "the men 
now on duty cannot be ordered out of their own County" — A "subaltern 
and fifteen men will be sufficient" and will report to Mr. Bob't Jones, 
Bep: Field Com: Genl: of Military Stores, in Manchester. 


1782. Col: Arthur Campbell to Gov: Harrison. 

January 3rd "Sir, 

Washington By recent intelligence from the Cherokee Country, it appears that 

County ^ body of Indians and Tories. What may be in the power of Govern- 
ment to do for us, 1 am at a loss to determine : however I am strongly 
pressed to made application, as the danger apprehended seems great. 
During the time of the late negociation and Treaty with the Indians at 
the Great Island, a total cessation of hostilities happened, and there was 
professions and a seeming disposition for a lasting peace, but on our 
recovering the upper parts of the Southern States, a number of the 
vilest of the Tories sought an Asylum among the Indians: of these 
was a Mr. Scott who now Acts a British Agent : he having some influ- 
ence and by means of supplies carried in by the Tories from Savannah 
and East-Florida, he strengthened his Party and became in a condition 
to act against us. The longer he is let to rest in Safety, the more for- 
midable he may become, and probably will in a short time, be able to 
draw a part of the Creek and Chicasa Tribes into his Confederacy. 

Collo. Martinis scheme for to surprise Scott with a small force is a 
project of very doubtfull success. The distance he would have to march 
would be above two hundred miles, having three large rivers to pass, 
the force of the enemy when collected amounts to several hundreds, 
and he would have the supposed friendly Tories in his rear, which might 
prove his worat enemies in case of a disaster. For which reasons I 
have recommended his giving out the attempt, until the sense of your 
Excellency and the Council are known — In order to do the business 
more effectually, I would propose that the enterprize be car- 
ried on under the immediate direction of the Executives of Virginia and 
North Carolina, with a force not less than five hundred good men. The 
Governors of each State could give orders concerning the general and 
most weighty matters: a Council of the Field Officers from the Coun- 
ties which are to furnish the men might meet, adjust and order every 
thing else, by virtue of powers from their respective Executives. Some 
money would be wanted in advance to procure canves and provisions: 
I think a few hundred pounds sent with secrecy, and managed with 
address and econemy, would revive the public credit, and the balance of 
the expence wouLd readily be trusted to some future day. A supply of 
Ammunition and Flints would be wanted, and if to be had, fifty Dragoon 
Swords for each State : as the Tories with the Enemy are equipt as 
Cavalry — 

If the Expedition proves successful, a Garrison ought to be left some- 
where on the Tenasee, to awe and regulate the remaining part of the 
Cherokees, and to prevent Tories or other disorderly persons, taking up 
their residence amongst the Indians. The advantages that may 
redound to the United States, by this undertaking will be great. For 
besides securing tranquility to the Southern frontiers, that is from the 


Ohio to the extremities of Georgia, it will open a direct commanication 1782. 
to West Florida by way of Mobile River, thereby introducing a lucrative January 3rd 
intercourse with our friends in that quarter, draw part of the Trade of 
the Southern Indians to the Eastward, and finally destroy the Bntish 
Interest in those nations. 

Our mismanagement to the Westward, and the enemies late successes 
on the Ohio, will no doubt, induce a general war with the Northward 
Tribes the ensuing Summer. 

I am Honourable Sir, with much esteem 

Your most Obet & very Humble Servt" 

Col: Ed: Carrinoton to Col: Davies. January 3rd 

Calling his attention to the ortiers given by Genl: Washington, thro' Kichmond 
letter to Gov: Harrison, in regard to the necessity of keeping a suffi- 
cient number of boats in readiness at Westham, to remove the public 
Stores established at Manchester, up James River, in case of the 
approach of the Enemy. On his return from Roanoke, the Governor 
bad informed him, directions had been given to the Com: of War on 
this head — He desires now to know how the matter stands, and takes 
the liberty to suggest that the number of boats should be sufficient to 
carry off at "one trip*' all the public stores, and for this purpose at least 
sixty will bo needed — Boats commonly used in this kind of navigation, 
and always kept well manned so as to avoid surprise or delay will be 
be8t. For want of buildings at Westham, the Stores have been put at 
Manchester, six miles from the nearest point of navigation for these 
boats. This, in case of Danger will require the aid of waggons — Asks 
what the Government can do towai'ds furnishing this transportation. 

Rob't Morris to Governor op Virginia. January 8rd 


I enclose the Copy of a Letter written this day to the States of Office 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Maryland. It is unnecessary to say ^ ^'»*'»co 
anything on the Subject to your Excellency, as you will see and feel 
with me the Urgency of the occasion. It gives me great pain to make 
such a Representation and especially as those States deserve applause 
for their former Exertions — 

I have the Honor to be 

with great Respect 
Your Excellency's most ob't & humb Sevt" 



1782. "Sir 
Janiuiry 8rd Altho' it is nw eleven months sine Congress recommended an Impost 

of five per Cent on goods imported on Prizes and Prize Groods, the States 
of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Maryland have not yet comply ed 
with that recommendation — 

I will not repeat the Arguments to induce a Compliance, which are 
sustained either in my letter of the twenty-seventh of July or else- 
where, that is unnecessary. The Object of this letter is to make a 
Eepresentation, which can no longer be delayed consistently with the 
Duties I owe, either to myself or to my Country. And altho* it is prin- 
cipally designed for those three States, just mentioned, yet I transmit it 
to the other States (in a letter of which the Copy is enclosed) because 
all ought to know what is equally interested to all — 

Convinced that the Impost recommended, was not sufficient, I had 
devised some additional Funds for payment of our Debts and support 
of our Credit — These I should have submitted to the consideration of 
Congress, had the States complyed with their former Eecommendations. 

In a Circular letter dated the nineteenth of October last, I had the 
Honor to mention an Order prohibiting Loan Officers from issuing Cer- 
tificates in payment of Interest, together with the Reasons for which it 
was made. That order has already produced much clamor among Pub- 
lic Creditors — This I expected, and I still expect, that it will occasion 
much more. 

The Public Debt is considerable, and the Public Credit must be lost, 
if the Interest of it be not provided for— Congress have done their duty 
in requesting a Revenue, and I have done mine in Soliciting a Compli- 
ance with their Request. It only remains for me to bear Testimony 
against those who oppose that compliance, and to declare that they and 
they only, must be responsible for the consequences — They are answer- 
able to the other States, to their fellow Citizens, to the Public Creditors 
and to the whole World — 

I must speak plainly on this subject. I must point out from Time to 
Time the Reasons of those things which have produced murmurs and 
Complaints against the Representative Body of America. I must direct 
those who suffer to those who occasion their sufferings: and those who 
are injured, to those who 'have done them wrong. Let me then, once 
more intreat that this great Object be seriously considered. Let me 
repeat that the Hope of our Enemy is in the Derangement of our 
Finances; and let me add that when Revenue is given, that Hope must 
cease. He therefore who approves the Grant of such Revenue, not only 
opposes himself to the Dictates of Justice, but he labors to continue the 
War, and of Consequence to Shed more Blood, to Produce more Devas- 
tation, and to extend and Prolong the miseries of Mankind — " 


To the Governor of the States of Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island & Maryland*' 


Col: Christ: Febioer to Col: Davies. 1782. 

Respecting the difficulties in providing supplies for that Post. He January 4th 
had hoped for an abundant quantity of flour and pork from Cumberland Cumberland 
Co. but through Mr. Wilson's entire neglect, and total incapacity for his q^ House 
position as County Commissioner, he has been disappointed — In Amelia 
Co. there were numbers of beef cattle "stalling" for the troops, but as 
soon as the people supposed the Provision Law to be repealed, they 
withheld their supplies — As a last resort he has again written to Mr. 
Pearee, who sends uncertain instructions to the County Commissioners, 
and altho' there is plenty of beef in Amelia, Bedford and Prince Edward 
Cos., it cannot be gotten except by impressment. He now writes once 
more to Mr. Pearee, and begs the letter may be forwarded to him, for 
unless Government interposes, the troops must starve. He has also 
been disappointed in Buckingham Co., but with the aid of Mr. Smith 
and Col: Booker the post can be supplyed without the assistance of 
Cumberland Co., "excepting Skipwith's Mill" — He anxiously awaits 
the return of the Express with answer to this — 

John Smith Co. Lieut: to Gov: Harrison. January 6th 

Enclosing a request ftrom Genl: Lincoln, for a guard of militia of the Frederick 
County to escort the prisoners at the Barracks to a Post out of the State. ^^* 
He did not consider his authority as County Lieutenant enables him to 
comply with this requisition, and therefore referred the matter to Colo: 
Holmes in charge of the guard, who reports, he cannot furnish an escort 
from his Command. For these reasons, at the request of the Inhabitants 
of the County he writes to the Governor, adding " The great hardships 
widch the people have suffered for some time past by the impressing 
law, for the maintainance of prisoners they humbly conceive entitle them 
to hope for jbheir continuance at this post, now that a prospect of advan- 
tage appears to attend their presence — Whatever Congress may demand 
for their safe-keeping, whatever quantity of provisions may be demanded 
for their support, I am authorized to say shall be complyed with in the 
best and cheapest manner — a Provost shall be built & every attention 
paid to the usual demands. The people Sir, look up to your Excellency 
upon this occasion & wish thro: your means to obtain this indul- 
gence." **♦*♦** 
"I mast request your Excellency to give me instructions how far I 
am to comply with Genl : Lincoln's demand, as I hold myself under no 
CGmmand of Congress; but thro' means of the sanction of your Orders" 



1782. Capt: Edmd: Read Va. L. Dragoons to Gov: Harrison. 

January 6th When he left Richmond ho had Orders to march Major Nelsons Corps 
Winchester of Cavalry to New London in Bedford Co., but on his arrival, he found 


them ill with inoculation and Small pox. They are now recovering and 
will soon be able to move, but he knows not how he is to provide for 
their support either at Winchester or on the march to Bedford — The 
people absolutely refuse to furnish food for the men or forage for the 
horses, since they have heard the "Impress Act" is repealed, and the 
Quarter Master refuses him any aid, because the Corps is a State Organ- 
ization and he has neither orders or money with which to procure sup- 
plies. If he had not continued impressing, the men and horses "must 
have, dyed" — But the inhabitants of Winchester will no longer submit 
to impressment. It will be necessary to give some special Order for 
impressment both there, and along the march, in order to relieve him 
from the situation in which he finds himself: he therefore urges an 
early reply to this, by the returning Dragoon — 

January 6th LuT: CoLO. C. NoRTH, Penn: Line, to Executive of Viroa. 

Winchester On his Arrival at this place, in accordance with instructions from the 
Secy: of War, he made application to the Co: Lieut: Col: Smith for a 
guard of Militia to conduct the prisoners to Frederick Tow^n, Maryland, 
who referred the matter to Col: Holmes, who gives assurances that 
they should be furnished; and Col: Wood had already procured the 
necessary transportation for the Officers Baggage. But when all seemed 
ready Col: Smith would not order the guard needed. The propriety of 
this request will be seen by the following extract from his Orders : "After 
. fixing the arrangements at Lancaster, York, & Frederick, you will pro- 
ceed on to Winchester, and then make application to the County Lieu- 
tenant, to whom I have likewise written, for a sufficient Guard to escort 
all the prisoners now there to Frederick Town, where you are to lodge 
the Germans, and march on the British, under a guard that will be 
furnished you by the State of Maryland to York Town and Lancaster 
in the State of Pennsylvania " — 

He conceives it his duty to say, that a "very great number of the 
prisoners have already escaped, and it will be impossible to prevent it 
in the future without some "Works": but this will be unnecessary as 
they are to be removed to places where contracts are already made for 
taking care of them ; being badly supplied where they now are, having 
been twenty days on short rations of flour and beef — He therefore 
requests that some one may bo invested with authority to comply with 
the requisition of the Secy: of War. 


Col: Geobob Nicholas to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

January 6ih 
Complaining of the oppressions the people of his County are subjected 

to by Colo. Armand's Corps, and asking Executive interference — Con- 
cludes — "Considering them a body entirely unconnected with this State, 
it is justly considered as an hardship to have our property taken from 
UB, when the rest of the Country is free from exactions of this kind*' 

Col: Jo: Holmes to Col: Wm. Davies. January 6th 

Immediately on his reaching home, he had sent out the Orders to the Winchester 
different Co. Lieutenants — Only the quota of men from Frederick have 
come in, but those from Shenandoali and Hampshire he learns are on 
the way to Winchester. Col : John Smith has received request to fur- 
nish a guard for the prisoners to Fred : Town in Maryland, but refuses 
to comply, having no right to order the militia out of the State, except 
by authority of the Governor and Council. The prisoners therefore 
8till remain; but he adds, ^'the truth of the matter is thus, the inhab- 
itants of this place & in its Vicinity are backward in parting with the 
pris'rs since they find that Specia is procured to supply them, and the 
State of Pennsylvania Are equally desirous of having them fbr the same 
reason — A considerable sum of money is coming from New York for 
both Officers & Soldiera. this with the money that is to be put into the 
bands of the Contractors, have put the Pennsylvanians in motion. I 
understand the people here have Sent a Memorial to Congress, seting 
forth the hardships they have laboured under for two years past, in hav- 
ing their property taken from them without any consideration for the 
Rupport of Pris*r8. And now, when there is any advantage arising from 
having them amongst us, they should be ordered off to another State. 
I have not seen what they have wrote to our Executive, but beleive that 
its to use their Influence with Congress to permit the Pris'rs to remain . 
here & be furnished in the same manner as those in other States, this 
being done I must Confess will be of great advantage to this part of 
the Country. Yet as to my own private Interest, I should wish to be 
dear of them— " ****** 
"The Light Dragoons under Capt: Head keep up the Spirit of 
impressment, the people are much dissatisfied with them, but no kind 
of supplies are laid in by the Quarter Master at this Post, therefore 
they might either impress or starve " — 

Benj : Green, A. D. Quarter Master, informs the Executive that it will January 7th 
require eight or ten wagons to remove the sick and infirm Prisoners Richmond 
remaining at Todd's to Fred'sburg, in accordance with Maj : Forsyth's 



1782. John Barnes Lieut: 7th Ya. Reg't makoB application to the Executive 

January 7th of Va. for roliof— Ho was on detached service under Col: John Morgan, 

and at the Battle of Cow Pens was wounded and lost all his clothing: 

has received neither pay or clothing for more than two years, &c., &c. 

January 7th CoL: John Bott to Col: Wm. Daviks. 

Chesterfield Giving return of Clothing collected and delivered in Ml from his 
^' County from persons enumerated, under the Specific Tax law, vi«: "73 
Shirts, 32 pr: overalls, 68 pr: Stockings, 36 pr: Shoes & 27 Hatts" — 

January 7th John Conant, Surgeon to Genl: Clark's Army, having obtained from 
Bichmond 'Hhe Assembly*' an order for a Warrant for one thousand dolls: specie, 
for the purchase of medicinen to be delivered at the Falls of the Ohio 
in March next, applied at the Treasury, but was informed there was no 
money on hand — He therefore now begs that instructions be given to 
the "Commissaries of Stores" to sell fiour sufficient to make up that 
Sum, otherwise the wishes of the Assembly cannot be carried out — 

January 7th DocT: Math: Pope to Col: Da vies. 

"D'r Sir 
Powhatan There is a Vessel belonging to the Publick, that is going down 

^' in a day or two from Manchester with Coal, & to return to Sichmond. 
if you think it right that all the Hospital Stores &c, should be brought 
from W*msburg, and the one brave fellow left that was wounded, you 
will please to signifie it to Capt: Young, that the skipper may have 
orders to bring them all up. It is certain it will be attended with a very 
great saving daily expence now incurred, as I cannot attend myself^ 
beg the skipper may be ordered to call on me for any letters respecting 
that business, it is high time that expence was saved, the little time 
I intend to remain a Servant or rather a Slave to the Public, I wish to 
devote to their interest. 

I am with sincere Esteem 

your unfortunate friend :" 


Edu: Randolph, J. Madison Ju: and Jos: Jones, to the Goven. op Va. 17?2. 

uQ' January 8th 

Your Excellency's favor of the 28th ulto: not having acknowledged Philadelphia 
the receipt of our dispatches by Capt: Irish, we shall repeat them, 
unless the next post shall announce his arrival. 

We cannot but lament the distressing and degrading situation in 
which we are placed, from the scantiness and uncertainty of our supplies, 
in which our own private credit can avail us nothing, and prices are 
immoderate and ruinous. We beg the attention of the Executive to 
this point important to ourselves, and perhaps important to our Country. 
The inclosures* (no 1 & 2), were received from a Mr. Murray. He has 
painted his services to Virginia at the Illinois, in strong terms, and his 
sufferings oi) her account in stronger. We have therefore undertaken 
to transmit to your Board, his State of both, requesting that some 
answer may be given to his application. 

Being disposed to advance, on every proper occasion, the views of our 
Ally, and to demonstrate to Great Britain how practicable it is to 
renounce her manufactures and produce, we rendered every aid in our 
power to the resolution which the president has sent on, recommending 
more effectual provision against the introduction of British Merchan- 
dizes. As these Considerations were the grounds of the resolution, we 
cannot doubt that our Legislature will execute the recommendation. It 
will be remembered that the late ordinance respecting captures, which 
has been fo warded to the judges of the Court of Admiralty thro* your 
Excellency, relates to this species of commodities when found on water 

The Superintendant of Finance is instructed to transmit to the several 
States copies of the Act, incorporating the National Bank. He probably 
will be explicit in the benefits to be expected from such an institution. 
To him we will consign this part of the Subject. But some Scruples 
having been entertained as to the Authority of Congress to grant a 
Charter of incorporation, we cannot forbear to mention the predicament 
in which this body stood. 

When the establishment of a bank was proposed to Congress on the 
26th day of May last, its utility was immediately seen. They accord- 
ingly approved the plan, and promised to support it in the most effectual 
manner. Among other things, they stipulated to pass an act of incorpor- 
ation: altho' objections were suggested against such an engagement. 
After a vote to this effect, subscriptions were made upon the expectation 
of a Charter from Congress, the president and directors chosen, and we 
were required to fulfil our Contract. The same doubts upon Congres- 
sional power were again urged; but nothing decisive was done, until a 
committee appointed to confer with the bank, reported the result of the 

^ — ■ — — — — — — ■ — '— _^— ■ — 

♦ Not found. 


1782. conference. They informed Congress that they had communicated to 
JanaarySth the bank the difficulties which occurred in granting a charter; but that 
they were answered, that the promise of a preceding Congress was 
binding on a subsequent one: that the subscribers would be free to with- 
draw their subscriptions, unless a charter should pass from Congress, 
and that tedious and expensive arrangements had been made for com- 
mencing the operations of the bank. The financier added, that a delay 
in these operations would injure him in his attempt towards a payment 
to the Army. Pressed as they were by these representations, Congress 
did incorporate the bank; some of those who voted in the affirmative, 
thinking themselves obliged by the engagement in May, others contending 
for a constitutional power in these cases, and others assenting to it from 
absolute necessity. The resolution subjoined to the act, will therefore 
we hope, be complied with by the several legislatures — 

We have the honor. Sir, ^ 

to be with great respect 
yr: Excellency's mo: Ob*t Servts.** 


Frederick Setting forth reasons why the prisoners in Barracks near Winchester 
^^' should not be removed at this time; referring to a like action on the 
part of "the Gentlemen" of that town, and introducing to the notice of 
the Governor & Council Alexander White Esquire "a man of truth and 
candour," who will duly set forth to them the advantages of this step, and 
show the "practicability of supplying them on the most reasonable 
Terms." — Among the names, are, Edw'd Smith, J. T. Chunn, Jas: Ware, 
Jos: Richardson, Gilkinson, Yance, Eastin, Magill, McGuire, Brown, 
Shepherd, Glass and others — 


Richmond Thanking him for his orders to the Co. Lieutenants of King & Queen 
& King Wni. Counties in regard to the prisoners at Todd's Bridge, and 
begging his advice as to how the troubles in the Assistant Dep: Q. 
Masters Department at Fredericksburg are to be remedied — 


New Castle Requesting instructions as to the care of one "Hardin Burnley,'* who 
on a previous occasion, was not allowed a parole or to "take the oath" 
to the State or to record certain papers offered at the last Court" — 
"During Henry's Administi'ation he was refused admittance here. A 
Mr. Bracken ridge, formerly a partner of Burnley's come here not long 
since under the same circumstances" — 


David Ross to the Governor. 1782. 

January 9th 
The Express he sent to Smithfield to procure the china has returned Arrowfield 
without any, and has informed him that Col: Parker has none. He will 
try this afternoon "to raise some Specie" to send him the next morning, 
whieh ho hopes he will receive, and "accommodate himself with articles 
as they can be procured" &c. 

Col: John Mapp to Gov: Harrison. Jan'y lOth 

•*l)'r Sir 

As a late transaction in this County which will probably induce Northamp- 
a trial in the Court of Admiralty may possibly be so far misrepresented *®" 
as to throw censure on my conduct, I hope no Apoligy will be thought 
necessaiy, for my trobling your Excellency with a Detail of the whole 
Business. A small schooner, the property of Mr. Peter Lafargue a 
french Gentleman, & Mr. John Michael, an Inhabitant of this County, 
inward bound, laden with Sugar, Rum and Diy goods, was unluckily 
taken by a New York Privateer at the Inlet near Hog island, the 
owners applyed to me for a Flag in order to bring of the prisoners who 
ware taken in the said schooner. I haveing attained permission for a 
flag and proceeded on board the said privateer, they found that they 
coQJd Ransom the said schooner on terms which the}- supposed advan- 
tagious, and accordingly applyed to me for permission, they Repre- 
sented to me that government having early in the fall impressed a Val- 
loable Vessel and Cargo of their'sand they haveing yet Received no part 
of the valuation thereof, it was not in their power to pay the whole of 
ranaom in money, but that they had on hand about thirty Hodgeheads 
Tobaeco which if they might be allowed to pay as part of the Ransom 
they could procure the rest in Cash about 200£ & Effect the Ransom. 
Upon considering that Gov't hath never discovered any Jealousy in sup- 
plying the Enemy with Tobacco as I had understood that in several 
Ocations it had been sent to New York and Charleston, and that it never 
Cold be considered as furnishing the Enemy with the supplying either 
of a necessary of Life or War, Considering also that a Valuable Cargo 
of Necessaries for the use of this Country, as well as the enlarge- 
ment of 13 Prisoners wold be obtained bv the Ransom, and that Mr. 
Lafargue, a gentleman who hath Left his native (.'ountiy to releive the 
present distress of America, and hath manifested on every ocation, as 
well as his partner Mr. Michael, the greatest readiness to defend the 
cause of Liberty with his life and fortune, that Mr. Lafargue was at 
he»t entitled to Every advantage consistent with Law and the Customs 
of Nations and not inconsistent with the real Interest of America, to 
regain some small part of his pro]>erty, having made so large a Sacrifice 
in the American Cause, 1 therefore permitted the Ransom to go on. the 



1782. Capt: of the British Privateer was to Receive his tobacco and money at 
Jan'y 10th a place called cedar point the first land he could take in at. he was 
allowed 4 Days to receive the Tobacco, not to strike his flag until he 
returned to the inlet, not to sufl^er any intercourse between his people 
and the people on shore — ^these articles were adhered to, and no bad 
consiquence whatever Insued. the Capt: of the British Privateer 
received his Ransom and fell down the Third Day in the Afternoon, 
when a number of men in armes composed partly of the new Levies of 
Accomack, and partly of Milisia, sudenly collected, came down in a 
tumultuous manner Led by a certain Captain Thomas parker, and fired 
at the said Privateer her flag still flying, but probably being at a great 
distance no Damage was done. Capt: Parker and the men with him, 
without doing more mischeif wantonly. Destroying a Hogshead of 
tobacco the property of the said Lafargue and Michael Returned to 
Accomac — About ton Days after, Capt: parker Returned with twenty 
men and seized the said Ransomed Schooner and Left the men on board 
as a guard, who are now without Commissioned Officers, in the most 
Disorderly manner, making waste of the Cargo." * * * 

:|c :|c 4k ♦ ♦ 

I have the honour to be 

your Excellency's most ob: 

Humble Servant" 

Jan'j lOth 

Jos: JoNBs TO Gov: Harrison. 

Petersburg In accordance with his Excellency's Proclamation relative to "Pris- 
oners of War going at large" he finds the following persons, John 
Arbuckle who used to live at Osbomes, but "joined the enemy and was 
in York when it was taken." also "one David Pegging", and Joseph 
Wise and Wm. Cauldershead, both British Merchants in York — ^Any 
commands respecting them shall be executed — 

Jan'y lOth 

Col: Ed: Carrington to the Governor. 

RichmoDd Urging the executive of the late Act of Assembly authorizing the 
appointment of persons to purchase horses for the Southern Army, in 
as much as he intends going to Philadelphia, and it is eminently impor- 
tant that this business be accomplished before his departure, in order 
that the Commonwealth may be credited with the cost of these pur- 
chases; and that he may attend in person to the proper distribution 
and appropriation of the horses. The subsistence also of those horses 
will require his attention, owing to the irregularities and inattention of 
the Quarter Masters in matters of this sort. He desires more definite 
information, in regard to the wagons due fh)m delinquent Counties. 


If necesBary he will attend the meeting of the Council, as soon as 1782. 
proceedings are begun on these points — Jan'y 10th 

Moses Hunter of Berkeley, John Talbot of Bedford, French Strother 
of Culpepper, Littlebury Mosby of Powhatan, Francis Triplett of Fau- 
quier, and Wm, McCraw of Pitsylvania having been appointed to make 
these purchases, he requests that those bought by Messrs: Hunter, 
Strother & Triplet be delivered to Capt: Rich'd Young, Ass: Dop: Q. M. 
at Fredericksburg; those by Mr. Mosby to Lieut: Wm. Sterling Smith 
at C. Old C. House — and those by Mr. Talbott*to Wm. McCraw, Asst: 
Dep. Q. M. at Peytonsburg, Pitsylva. 

Jno: Robertson, to Col: Da vies. Jan'y loth 

After a tedious journey through the State, he has just arrived, and is Richmond 
about to examine all his Assistants Accounts and Vouchers for the pro- 
ceding year — 

He left Cumberland Old C. House "yesterday morning'* had seen 
Col: Febiger, who desired him to represent the real condition of that 
Post. The troops had been ten days without meat, altho' Col: Febiger 
had been out in person to the adjacent Counties making efforts to sup- 
ply them — He reports he will not be able to fbrnish flour for more than 
the next two months. 

Encloses his original Instructions as "Superintendent Commissary of 
Issues and Hides," as his future proceedings must depend upon such 
orders as the Executive may issue. 

Col: Ed: Carrington encloses to Col: Davies, an estimate of the quan- Jan'j loth 
tity of grain necessary for the So: Army viz: 9191 Bushels. As Mr. Kichmond 
Morris, the Superintendant of Finance has not as yet extended his con- 
tracts to Virginia or any other Southern State, the Continental Agents 
are left without any other means of obtaining forage or grain, except 
thro' the assistance of this State — This can only be done, by negotiating 
with the people through the County Commissioners and the Continental 
Agents, for part of the "Specifics'' not due until next Spring, but which 
they may be induced to bring in now. He therefore hopes this may be 
urged foward at once, and the grain be delivered at the several posts, 
where receipts shall be duly given for the same. 

Special "Commission of Oyer & Terminer" granted to Richard HiU, jan'y 11th 
Josiah Parker, and Thomas Newton Esquires, by the Gov: and Council, 
to meet at Portsmouth for trial of "certain offenders" and to hear & 
determine criminal causes in Princess Anne, Norfolk, Nansemond & Isle 
of Wyght Cos: Ac. 

Xe i ALESsl^AJt: t*¥ *rLATE l'AP£i:^ 

¥'«ruffM h}' Ik itfii«r Jim; n^^]v«c iroiL xim '.-airiii*aniL <o|ioriin^Bndmiit of 

nooiv u* xiivm ia- otwtarL fiiiuuic wtr uiA i*i- st»M: ic* kisef* lifeeiL ixi pnni». 
JUL ilL littjr itatrt lit f ijiiiic n mj oxht- il mr xuk ^«»^*^ iiefert TCisr 
Lx'xLusurv. uic K- rbuiMs: vuur peeinififiiOL ii- imu iiC' itK- GfiiBiiuukMMr 
vr nur j^enKfL liui': ii*t '■tuiKmiTveuQiaii of iflSDt^ SiiiJ] MmiMsixt to 
rvjefvt |(nfi*itiiinife. miiC ic* mfitnc iiiiL liiit; J hil miLiicirsM in" jxnzr 

jemLiL T^uin^ in- i^ atw uf ii*e mfi: SeBsi<*L uil line iii^ nabtn|a idi&ll be 
It tadt'Msin vuaei«tff iur 'Lik: Uix : i*in 'Ltuii Mt fcoiii. m> litt t^onn ^^mL bare 
K^jfAfiifiM dmisuiwiitijerfc.. i«t suikL dtiflisL I £-iic«v iff uc aukcr aiode to 

atciimanA ^xni^^jiiu- ' irvtL \i»t y^uuruvT Ma«g;g- ^rciK'Tkl ': :< t«r wued. mud used in 

litfr fHtib^fr of Virx^hiia — Hf* rwiHsEn^ liokt i: i»r mLfntrtttd ai>d ntsmed. ms 

ART «itibori«9d K* ifiSDt- li^rse C-t!nr&cas«$u !»:• i^isx berBBfter wiien 

H. Cijdtarxte. C4i&f^ Bw«eil ?Ni«7>bei: ScnniiyL TbraBfts- HAmihoiL, 
f^eorsffc Etikni. Dsniel Teft»i&ie. Wm. M t^rra^. Tit :»^ H. I»iw. Gtorge 
iiiff^. Wb. Bofsb. Oh&rief Midair. JaaM« Heikdrk^kSi. Bk^: Yoii&g. Ben- 
jitiBuit iMr. H«cirT Mc^rifi — 

Ini'iXT lA:\>G£fr 7«L* Got: HAxaisdS. 

Jjub'x lltib Kxpreff«JZi;f appr^Le&«OL^^ 'iiif •iiiE«ihT' is scnlinr the ^Formge 
Wnrtfvr^ 4«niiBd*^." io a^.i'»rdaiKie witL ibe tWw? of ibe Ex^nitsre — adds **I 
vaju?d tbb luorTiliig apc*D hi« Exeic-IleocT Cooni i^x-lukmhean and asked 
if L« L^ aziv commands for me to o^mrauikaie lo the £x<«iitiTe« and 
L« aii'bveresd. -onlr to inform thc^n. thai br a &eiK-b Frigate just arriTed 
L« had rec«tTtd the agreeable information <?«'' the Birtb of a Dauphin of 

Perhaps the Count mav expect $ome pnb^ Congmolations upon the 
Oeea£iaD: this however is a hint of my own and I hope your £xcel> 
leacy will excuse mj Freedom in making it " — 



In T9^^uyi to cisrtsiin coiTQi$poatifiii%.*i9 betwiKD hima^lt* ami Mr. 1&m«» OAc« «>f 
wtch. «ii!lufian»* at tiw lettars ifce — Conciuiiiii^. ' The :icteittit>ii which ^JIJ^* 

Bov ha» paid tu che uiMrwo^ of che St&fie. will «iTttiMtce ;i Z«mI ^r 
ciy* aonrictf of Tur^tnisL which I :iin fiur tr«>iii r^{>ivheQilui^. but Y«>ur 
ExEttDiaifiy will b« ^nsble how uuieh it ij» hit duty to prot^*t the litter^ 

of th« Cnited Stafieik and gruud their pn>penr entrusted to my ctire.'* 

Mjj: el CljlLBO&sui to Col: Dj^tlc^ 4aA v tM 

A iiw days istiice Capt: Bowhann&Q delivered to me your cer^ IfiiehmiNid 
trfeate of my rank, and ^late ot' appointment in the Oonttuental Reij^t- 
flaenc of Xrtillery raii^ed by thL$ State. I bete leav% to incIoc» it bach, to 
TOO — ^wtth an appointment from Makjor i^neral Baron Steuben, done ta 
cooseqnmce of Colonel Harrifjon's Certidcate — Thitj^ I hope will induce 
Toa to iane a n«w one for me bearins; date the dr^ of Januarv. ITSI'' Ac 

CmAs: Dick to Col: Davis. J«yBL> l:3ih 

Your &Tor of the &rst lo^taat. I rei^eiTed with much pleasure iiu» it fHiltrW^ 
me that mr Reliance on vou tbr a «atkd^*(orv Audwer when ^'^ 
in jour power was» well grounded, and thereby ^j^iren^hened aiy 
patience^ The T!me» hare been certainly very bad. but more dt for an 
Eternal TeiL than a bare Relation of the Caussetik Let u« now Hope tbr 

the best to come« and that all the Acts of may square with com* 

mon Sense and Justice, whieli will not £iil to give general iMitistaction^ 
and be a means to recover an almost torever lot^t public Credit^ the Soul 
of a Commonwealth. 

I wish I coold now send yon a return of last months work> but as 1 
informed yon the Workmen had most of them left me lor a very gooi) 
Reason, and the holy Days coming on, 1 have gv>t as much fowarded in 
the small work way. as a few apprentices and negroes that are better 
clothed than the rest coud possibly do: nor am 1 very uneasy at this 
time for want of the Workmen, the Days being so short, and Httlo or 
no provision on hand, their Work not much, and eat more in a short 
Winters day than in summer. 

To conclude, every thing that my lntlueni'^> and Interest iH>u'd dis I 
have done, and shall continue to do, but it is absolutely impiv»siblo to 
lay in a stock of Provision, Walnut Plank, Steel & Coals without money. 
Pork can be purchased from 20 to 25 — pr: lb neat — Beef at 3d pt^r lb: 

* Not found. 


f • 


r^iWP »V^^i^^^^ 

rAlJETOAdl »F^ -^VTff 

«tf«^ bit* ^tMivrr ^n mtft- ^cfts^mr b»> usuter: £ nrm. 
-/» ^ >n . <HiUl -^^^t •' btftr* ^DRse* he- iii|Hi mil iii 
.-^ .i«**n«ii* k* iW"^* 'itiUr. i» JUcr- -JXP- »r tut- -ffieo*. 

U^ "p'-'Wh* kkvrf*''^ t»*«M<t iJ»f vsur nnvTHL ^na — 
^ ^ OKI hm vTcti tw- ^rrtaasv 3j6tm*Jtr 



:T1 !3IH TtilTHBIO] 

;#t«?f ?- 

(%0t**»r v*«*ii ttYift '41 ' UBT'* Uf irnr-Miin ii*r-ffiiit» * jailnBiBfti. sue ttmL 

j»i#i <i[^>t«* "lu^r .ii»ftn»inf >♦ * — 3a* iiu» ▼TTtkai ii -iiisiiL pwrbt joiL j^j^t 
.« -*:tiit nnti '-**^ rktv .uir-% *r^M)«mtCBrc — 

HH'/ ;*H 


•u^railBrfm !T» TTi 

AMM Xmu«« iturrur '<i*^ *>^Tri7^ :if Tirx kn — S^ <j|]i» not ohab to 
'W>n^nvi!«««<v^ V/ -liitL 17 'JM <v^^^^*^^ Mjtfikar ^«BiiiEaL fn* t&Fji^ Evppects 

mil fsM/^A I// \ff4Ait0*ifiB^ for L:m. Madt oiT iLe OocuktMS 
fM^i^ l>^ >jiM<y*?* fife/j'irrwi of tbem br th« Act of 

to ^Procter* a 
-^&reabotit 90 
w fit lor 

Bot liftTuig for- 
As^nblj of 1780, 


Col: James Hendricks to Col: Dayies. 1782. 

Jan'y 18th 
In reply to his of the 2nd by Post, just reed : — He regrets he cannot Alexandria 

get the remainder of the Cartridge boxes over from Anapolis, because 
the wagoners will do nothing without pay, and he has no means. Has 
received no clothing from County Lieutenants. In regard to the com- 
plaints against Mr. Conn, temporarily employed by him to receive and 
issue forage at Dumfries to the American Troops on the way to the 
Seige of York, he says "the French Troops call'd on him for forage 
which he declined issuing to them, having no Orders from me for that 
porpose, but they being in much want, and Persevering in their Request, 
he was persuaded by those about him to let them have three Tons of 
Hay and about nineteen Bush'ls of Com, which I immediately had 
replaced again with the same money, he was more inclined to do this 
I presume in consequence of my Orders to him to render the French 
all the service in his power. I have been particular in my enquiry in 
this matter before I rec'd your letter, the more especially as I was 
informed ill nature had said much on this and similar cases: the Quarter 
Master General recommended every assistance given the French, and 
throughout their whole march from the north ward, where they had no 
Agents, the Continental Agents fumish'd them, and with their money 
replaced the goods again — I did so myself — I gave their Agent a quan- 
tity of Com, and with their money replac'd it, and if any injury was 
committed, it was giving them old. Fly-eaten corn and receiving mer- 
chantable in its stead, and at that time it was the duty of every person 
to facilitate their march, the People being sore with their goods taken 
from them under the seizing Law, a law, my friend which I hope will 
never again be reviv'd, took umbrage at their goods being taken from 
them and sold to the French, not considering, and perhaps not knowing, 
that whenever it came to the continental agents' hands, it could not be 
restored to them again, and that he must account to his Superior for the 
disposal of everything received from the State or Bought by him. This 
is a true state of every transaction in my district respecting buying and 
selling in the Continental line, and I can't see how Envy, herself cou'd 
find fault with the measure." 


Acknowledging receipt of his appointment as one of the purchasers OumberlaDd 
of horses for the public use ; but regretting his inability to comply, in ^*° ^^*„ 
as much as he and his " whole family are under Inoceulation for the 
SmaU Pox, and now in the Height of it " — 

Takes the liberty of recommending the names of several gentlemen 
"who will not abuse any trust committed to them" — viz Col : Ed : Has- 
kins, and Arthur Moseley living near Genito Bridge, Maj : Rich*d Crump, 
and John Swann. 




K«»^V/»t:j.;f & - \i^,*\rz. ^A tb* JE^ifcet : boi iLii:ks tiHcy are cntxrely fiw- 
^MMi Jb» r»o pr'yTj^i^it:!^ Lat« b^tei; ijid up i<»' ib^in a&d no Botxe taken 
'/f tL^r *in1i*:nti'^. — A4d* — - We are vnb<>iit incat. FVjvr. Salt. Rom, or 
m^UHttim. k \tU7*: ly/TT^j'wtd i/rr/ryiotiA la&till tLe tovnt men hmre do 
ff$^/i^ t/> l«i*^ — B«^ f^yr f^Ahln^ al«o moch vazited — Desires to know 
if tk^; Kx«iCfitiv^ bar^ Mppn/r^ r/f b» ~ erbctin^ a redoobt al the Cape," 
tb^ "^ Intent^ a^raiita;^ 'yf vbkb ICr. Harper, tbe bearer of thifi, will 
explairi" — liop^ Li« plab f^' fnm»faiD^ the men with ~ grenadier ft 
Light lufskhtry Cap^" wij] be apprrjred — There are manj people in that 
neighl^orbf^yJ boHing on to negrcies belonging to pensons in the opper 
('ouhiry and in other Htatf:x^. ReeommendT^ tber be advertised, and that 
the State era ploy them at work until claimed bv their ownen. 

Jm'j 14th 

Caft: Hasrar Yonra to Col: Datus. 

HUhtnfjnd '^^ ^'^ i*^ uninformed in regard to tbe plans in contemplation by the 
Kxecutive, he cannot with accuracy say, what officers it will be neces- 
sary if} retain — He can only speak ref>pecting the Quarter Master's 
Defiartment — ^The Post at Point of Foik will require one Q. Master, one 
HU}m Kee[>er and Herg't to act as Forage master and Issuing Commis- 
sary, because the business there will soon be very much increased — 
liequests U> )fe advised, when any irregularities occur in his Department. 

Jsfi'j Hth 

Capt: Churchill Jones, L. Dragoons to Col: Dayiss. 

V^tUirnhurK Begging for something to cover tbe Soldiers of his Heg*t, ninety-five 
in number — He should have sent a "proper Return" but has not paper 
sufficient to do so. Mr. Ross had promised bim some Cloth for Cloaks. — 
reoneludes '* If Col: Davies will figure to himself the appearance of a 
body of Horse wore to make, for the men to be rapped up in negro 
Cotton^ Wmtead of proper Cloaks, 1 am sure he will indulge us with the 
latter, if in his power." 

Jsn'y Ifiih ^^^' Madihon Jnr:, Jos: Jonks & Er>: Randolph to Got: Harrison. 

I'hiliidnljihiA Having informed your Excellency in our last letter that we should 

ropoat our dispatches transmitted to Capt: Irish unless you should 
unnounco the receipt of them by yesterdays post, and hearing nothing 
iVom the Kxecutivo, we shall prepare them for the mail of the next 
week — We unfortunately supposed that he would convey them in the 


most ezpedhioi» mumerr — But we iiane nom- TMMir to Mie'vr t4i«t hi$: 17^. 
deiar on tiie Tomd ha^ heen nrowQcwiad hr ^ickneMi — ^Iwn^' iMi 

• * '% 

l%t ^^dosare rontam^ sn «ih«w«r to the letter. mddT < ii u <»d tf* t^nl : 
^AHhiuiTtoT) hx tbt- fspoftker of the faiNMe of de)e|FaU^ ot^ tk» -sokw^c-i f»f 
tiisnicB. Vf lier lesve tc» c<nifiicD ii to vmrr f^fse]|<mcvs oaTB. 

Ve imve tbe fafmnr. Sir, 14^ he 

with ^T&Ki ms^ftM and e^taam 

vr : mo : ob : f^cnrvt*-— '" 

By reftaxms ^Yim Colo. Babnev. be appoars r^ have aKMit 1<^ mikn- WarOfk^ 
try for the war: Oajit : Bfiaiie ka$^ KetwfieTi 20 and ItO artilk^iT mon. aiid 
Major yekwm abom 70 cavahr. Tbcre are bctsido^ ahont 1W5 tiix 
moDtiifi' men. Capi : Hocrers has aboat 20 of tbe Ilhnois Oavahy, and 
if I reeolkict. tbere are about men enough tor two Oom|Uiniiis to the 
Westward. These miirht be inoorporaKhd into a k^rkm, to confosl of "five 
ftunpanieB of In&ntrr. two of caxahr and one of Anilkiiy. the whole 
imder command of a Lientanant Colonel and a Mj^for. The oKoem of 
iB&Btiy caTaby k ardllexy mar rm in their respective line^ to the 
rank of Captaim and the Captains f«Dooe«ed to the rank of field oHoMnR 
aooording to the seniaritr of their commissions indTScriminately. The 
Officers of each oorps • according to their present linoft of sc^rice^ ini|^t 
be directed to meet, and upon the principles of accoTiiiin<>dation and 
matual convenience, determine who of them should retire and who 
should continne ; and if they cannot agre>e, the yoangee^t should then 
give place, anless yonr Excellency should choiise to nominate them 

Notwithstanding this incorporation, the two Western 0«>m[>anies 
might continue where they are, and if irovemment sh^Mild think it best 
to detain the remainder on this side the mountains, the principal part, 
of the cavalry might then be stationed in the Counties of MoHUlk, 
Princess Anne, and Elizabeth City, and about 12 at Kiohmond for 
Expresses. Two companies of iniantr}* might perhaps^ with propriety 
be fixed at Portsmouth, especially while there are such numbers of dii^ 
affected persons in that part of the Country. The other company of 
in&ntry might be stationed, one-half in Richmond and the other at the 
Point of Fork, as guards to the jail, and to the ConUnontal and Stale 
magazines. The Artillery Company might be either ordered down the 
Ohio to General Clarke, with the pieces of Artillery your Kxin^Uency 
directed should be sent to him, or they might be atationetl at Porta- 
mouth with the others. 

* Not found. 


1782. The PoetB neoeflsaiy therefore, to be attended to are, 

Jaa'j 16Ui Ist. Portsmoath, where, if the before mentioned Troops are tent^ there 

will be wanting about 150 rationB of provinonB a day, and aboat 
70 foragee a day for the horsee — 

2d\j, At Hampton, 25 rations of provimonB, and 30 fonges a day, 
would be BufBcieut for the detachmenta to be stationed there. 

3dly. At Richmond, about 130 rations of provisions a day, will not be 
more than a sufficiency for the guards, expresses, and artificers, 
and for the express and wagon horses about 60 forages a day. 

4thly. At the Point of Foik about 100 rations and 20 forages a day, 
will be uecessary for the guard, the laboratory, the workmen now 
employed there, and the Artificers from Albemarie Barracks, who 
will move thither as soon as the buildings are prepared fi>r them — 

5thly. At Fredericksburg, the' I confess I am not well acquainted with 
the arrangements made by Mr. Dick: but from his letters I think 
it will be necessary to provide for at least 50 men for the various 
purposes, at the gun factory, perhaps a few forages may be also 
Wanting, as no doubt some waggons are necessary — 

When the buildings at the point of Fork are finished, there will be 
alterations in the quantity required at some of the posts, and a consid- 
erable diminution in the total. 

To superintend the issues of every kind, the quarter masters' depart- 
ment will be sufficient, as long as the posts are supplied by contract. 

At Portsmouth, the quarter master for this new legion would be fiilly 
sufficient, with the assistance of two or three sei^geants, who may be 
always spared to execute the whole business of issues, both of provis- 
ions and forage. This charge, any captain or subaltern may be found 
to undertake, with only the common additional allowance to a quarter 
master in the army. 

At Fredericksburg, Che same persons who have hitherto issued might 
still continue to do it, unless upon a more particular enquiry, there 
should appear to be some alterations necessary. 

At the point of Fork, a deputy quarter master and a storekeeper, 
with the assistance of a sergeant from the guard, will be sufficient for 
all the staff purposes of the post. 

At Richmond, it will be necessary to have an assistant quarter mas- 
ter, a store-keeper, and waggon master, who should discharge all the 
business of feeding, foraging and transportation — 

Besides these it will be necessary that the Quarter Master General 
should still be continued. To him should be made monthly returns of 
issues of every kind, at all the posts; and the different Agents before 
mentioned should be immediately accountable to him : indeed if they 
are not, there will be nothing to prevent the most shameful misapplica- 
tion of the public Stores. This business will make it necessary that he 
be allowed a clerk. 


wrtk this ^rrmngunoBt, \h» whole bottZMSi^ oi ibtid quarteiMiBtadliNKK 1783. 
eomauamrTS^ mud Ibrge BB^fftets departmentSy nukj W «*x«eat^ with an J«i> t5ih 
mimiTing rediietkm oi expenc^. as llie penodu I karv b<»fof« iiieiitk>a«d 
will be 9iiiSei«iit for all tli«M porpoMs in oar prveent eurvam^laociMk — 

As to the Military Stores d^partm^^ntv Capt : Ptyor has Ix^en of »aeh 
eminoit iitilit]r^ that if eootiniMd. much adrantagi^ mi^t K^ «xp^ted 
from his serric«s — Shook! gOTemment hower^r^ thiak Ht to r^iic^ that 
department^ the duties of it may be done in this office, with the aid of 
the quarter master^s department^ and the liberty of occasionally employ « 
ing an officer firom the state troops with a small itdditional allowance^ to 
act as eondnetor, when necemary. The superintendent of the labora- 
tory may be also, keeper of the magasineSy and invalid soldiers are Tory 
proper to be employed under him. 

as the clothing of the continental troops> raised by this state^ is by an 
official letter from the minister of war, no longer to be provided tor by 
this state, and as many mrtieles formerly purehssed by this state are now 
to be lumtshed by contract^ the whole department of commissary of 
stores may be abolished k if necesssry the whole business^ which is no 
more than to receiTe and issue the stores to the different departments> 
may be executed by a common store-keeper. Indeed I do not see the 
inconveniency of the different departments, drawing what they want> 
immediately from the commercial agent, as there will not be much 
trouble in doing this business, reduced as it will be by the new arrange- 

There will be some difficulty perhaps in providing for the sick. I am 
convinced it will be unnecessary to keep up a hospital department, 
unless the person acting as the physician will keep a large apothecary 
shop on public account, as Doctor Pope proposes. A regimental surgeon 
and mate, will be necessary for the troops; one may stay at Portsmouth 
and the other at the point of York. 

I have thus taken the liberty, agreeable to your Excellenojm* direc- 
tions in council, to state my sentiments according to the best of my 
judgment, respecting the reduction and regulation of the different 
departments, connected with the military establishments of This State. 
I Bay nothing of the naval, as it is not within the objects of my office, 
Bor am I competent to judge of it. If in any of the proposed arrange- 
ments I have calculated upon two small a scale, it is in that for the 
military stores, I however, submit it for the consideration of Govern- 
ment, and have the honor to be, 

Your Excellencys' mo: obed't 

and most humble servant — 



t^ '.'f ^^7± ^jti^mtk 


##<y / ji^«i 


10JU»Mk Xl <f;(U«JJf(«#Z 91- '^T fi^JSKBHS 


iyM^\^ fetiiMAu. j& Jy '^^^tosr.^^ flxMr. «r. BLi'itaufaiC.. Mj. Wan IL'^T^mw. 
h if *l M «ft F«;jrv«ft«Hnrr}e:. «Hi M^. fi^.^iiiHi T^noif A. D. V. JL at 
f^f.^^Uy^iiktfUv^. ii> ^^^ a^ ^>(f jmi«bii*:ct -iSi?*tf.iu- isM: -ws^^^nA t^ W raised 
>A' *^^iM::iU: M tA«^ tiblM; '^4 4<i&r<«rr. aoid mwpi ia» i« laJcni froai the 
rM>^y4;r« p^ t)U^ aiMi'^««rt. vihUUpvi dB:?iMtru ibw iMr tu»c» are to be 
4^00^^: UK miti Am; M9ibMittf7 tAdU ^^rt* KiKyitr ^a^ tkif tnubHknaKMB fikovkl be 
A^^Orff/ n$iAtcniUi0A Sfj tlUfc £s<^»Ut« a^d stuuI pRtiooi to t^ 
U4* cmm f((4 \f^u% f0$% tuUf pnetli'jc:. tLan ibtr^ maj be bo ■iwnili iiiind' 
UiH^ ff^w*(*ft$ (tl^ Mtr^ffh taA nb«!?«T«f«. If josr Excefleftnr will be 
f 4 ^ c $tm f4 Uf Umti^mit m^ th*s m^^ xh*t Exttintkr^t iateiMfe to adopt, I will 
i$mir*0^ my MmiMUif$U %f:f:ffTA\n^y. I Ure leare to Migeeat, to aToid 
ik^tm Mtfi$m^ bHl^ft// {/ra/rti^;^ ori th<f poUic, io exc«fl5ire TaloalioD bj 
UUjffitt^iipM |iN(^/pl^^ tb« ifTf/priffiy id tfaii inctaDce. of appointing two 
^$tffmm^ ^/f known nspuUt and jud^n^ot near each porL for the purpose 
'/f dMiffmfffing </fi the nuffid^^cj of Jic ▼alning the Wagons and teams 
Uf ^m tUs\l^*srt9il utniisr ih#5 aforcMiid act — 

i have the honor to be 

with great respect kc. '* 

4ikhy tmu 


(Utu: J(miA$i PAftiCRB TO Gov: Harrison. 




HmIii^ Viiry M5ni»ibl45 of the Uonor your Excellency delegated me in 
ili» ii|i|Miifitrft(itii IM one of the Judg(5S to convene at Portsmouth for the 
M'yiil of (^HiitiiiHl (iANOM, agreablo to an act of assembly: I have to wish 
\i iriiiy bo in my power to execute the business, but am affraid it yvill not, 
M I Imvn hot Mdisti iht9 act of assembly, nor had time to reflect on the 
huMltitiM. you will pardon mo for not giving you a positive answer — In 
n tuw (layw it wilt 1)0 in my power to determine & so soon as it is fixed, 
you Nimtl bo iM'(|Uiilntod with my intention. 

Mr. Itniiit itpplliMl to me for a Hott of china for you; had it not been in 
lhi» poMM^MMion of Mi*N. Parlcor, you should have had it — I have a Vessel 
or two nonrly nmiy tt)r Httlling, if thoy can bring anything for your 
prlvnto MHO I Mimll bo happy in ordering them to do so — 



at Biehmond a few days ago & wou*d have wait^arl om you with 1782. 
of ny ooQgratulauoiis on your appointmont to the CTOvernin€<nt of J«n'y 16tb 
OB, but being in a imrry of hofanfMiB of ctont^eqnonoe to rovAelf & p^y- 
ntent of a public debt, 1 was lef^ ooiwoioite tiiat you would for^ve ^e 
wMeaadmaoe, which would iiav^ afforded me mnoh ploa^ure — 
with respeot&ll sentimentB, Blended with tiiose of Est«eTn — 
1 hasve the honor to bt^ your Bxoe11ency'f« 
most obedient^ V6r\^ humble eervi." 

K, KxLLo TO Got : HAftRTflON. 

Beciining tbe ^'hoBonr of «o distinguifihed and important an offioe'" 
"Judge of Oyer k Terminer at Portsmouth/' — **The very prooarioim 
of biB health is his reason for this step. If he could possibly 
timvai BO &r, ^'his word of honour is engaged already professionally" — 
ooBoludes '*I always think myself bound t^ give my services to my 
country wbenever able or equal io the task, but the reasons I have 
aangned^will I bope plead my apology for declining the honour of tbe 
proKsnt appointment.*' 

JmtiW isai 

Damvbl Clask Attt : fob Oi.rT«R Pollock, to Gov : HaertsoN — Jan'y iTtli 
Endofiing claim of the latter against The Stat^ of Virginia, 
amounting to ''139739.12, Dollars, money advanced to the Western 


''The balance in favour of Mr. Pollock appears great, but as the l^)im<m^ 
whole has been an expenditure for the purpose of supporting your army 
to the Westward, which t'ould not possible subsist, or continue in that 
Service, bad not Mr. Pollock generously exerted himself on their behalf, 
I hope Sir, no difficulty will be made in settling his accounts — 

I pray your Excellency will be pleased to consider what Troops this 
State has had to the Westward, how long they were at the Islenois and 
Iron mines, from whence they were supplied, and by whom, and what 
orders were given to Col: Clark on going there? — 1 beleive Sir, after 
making these enquiries, you will find that he had little or no supplies 
from Virginia, and that his orders were to procure all necessaries for the 
sapport of bis army, and the use of the Service he was upon^ and in 
payment to draw Bills on the Treasury of this Commonwealth. To give 
▼alue and currency to those Bills, on which depende<l the subsistence of 
the Forces in that Quarter, Mr. Pollock did, with more seal than pru- 
denee, exert himself — He expended his own fortune which was respeot- 
able, in bonouring those Bills, and borrowed money on his own Credit 



1782. for the same purpose, to a very considerable amount. To my knowledge 
Jan'y 17th Mr. Pollock owes at this hour, upwards of eighty thousand dollars, 
which he borrowed for the service of this State. 

Permit me Sir, with ail iramaginable respect, to observe, that to delay 
Justice to so active and disinterested a Friend to your cause, as he has 
been, will he thought an ungenerous requital by all the World. Unless 
your Excellency will be pleased to take Mr. Pollock's case into considera- 
tion and to order an immediate adjustment of his accounts, his Creditors 
will no longer forbear with him. As soon as I return to new Orleans, if 
I should be unsuccessful in ray application to your Excellency on his 
behalf, he will most assuredly be deprived of his liberty. If his accounts 
are now settled, though payment be deferred a Year or longer, it will in 
some measure appease his clamorous creditors, and keep him from 
experiencing the miseries of a loathsome Prison. 

It has been observed that Mr. Pollock had no authority to act as agent 
for this commonwealth, because he had not a formal appointment from 
it for that purpose. On considering that ho was agent for the United 
States, and applied to by this Government to transact business for them, 
his conduct approved of, and the officers of the State in that Quarter, 
continuing to draw Bills upon him, your Excellency I hope will be of 
opinion that these several circumstances amount to a full recognition of 
his agency. But Sir, any man who chose to have confidence in the 
State had a right to do what Mr. Pollock has done, viz; to honour the 
Bills drawn on your Treasury by the Commanding officers of the State 
in that part of the country. The monies advanced by Mr. Pollock for 
the Commonwealth of Virginia, I boleive, have been bona fide, applied 
to its Service, no abuses could be committed by Pollock unless the 
officers and he had combined to defraud the State. This I conceive to 
be impossible, for those kind of collusions can seldom be found, but 
where a personal acquaintance of the Parties exist. Col: Clark never 
saw Pollock — they were at least four or five hundred Leagues apart, 
while that Gentleman commanded to the westwasd ; that a scheme of 
peculation should be brought about, and entered into by them, and 
carried on by an epistolary correspondence, is impossible. Besides Sir, 
Col: Clark's conduct during his residence and command in that country 
was approved of. He was promoted to an honourable rank after he waa 
called from thence, and if I am well informed, was, or is to be rewarded 
with a large tract of land. This proves Col: Clark to be an officer of 

It has been also said, that Mr. Pollock had vended goods to your army 
at an exorbitant advance, was I examined on Oath on this subject, I 
would say that I do not know whether Mr. Pollock ever did sell any 
goods to your officers or not ; but if he had, he could not practiced any 
imposition, or commit any fraud, without the concun'ence of the com- 
manding officers, for he has vouchers from them for all his demands 
against this State. Mr. Pollock when agent for the United States waa 


not prohibited from carrying on his bu»ine(?s as a merchant ; and while 1783. 
mt fibertT to trade I do not see why it should be thought more criminal Jaa'Y iTtk 
in him to supply your Troops^ than any other Trader. 

It was said, when I had the honour last summer to wait on your 
Sxcdlency*s predecessor, that Col: Montgomery had no authority from 
the State to draw Bills on your Treasury. This position I cannot deiiy« 
not knowing how tar the power given Col: Clark in that case extended; 
but whatever power was given to him by Government^ I do, with due 
snbmisBion imagine, would necessarily descend to Col: Montgomery, his 
aoecesara' in command, the instant the command devolved upon him, 
pariieulariy in devising means for the support of his Troops. 

It was likewise observed that all Public Bills drawn bv the officers of 
Yirginia to the Westward, on the Treasury, were to be paid by a scale 
of depreciation — a scale that was graduated here by Genl : Clark after 
his return from the Islenois, and long at\er he and the other officers had 
drawn the Bills in question. It is needless to observe to your Excellency, 
who knows it already, that Bills of Exchange are negociable every 
where, and fluctuate in their value as well as in anv other commercial 
article or commodity, according to their scarcity or plenty. Bills of 
Exchange are drawn fair, specifying the sum in the currency of the 
country when drawn, or if varying from it, particularly mentioning the 
same, and acknowledging value received. 

If your officers intended that these Bills, at the time of drawing them 
should be paid conformable to a scale of depreciation or, in any other 
currency or coin, than that of the country in which they drew them, 
the Bills themselves would have mentioned it, that foreigners or people 
at a distance, to whom they were at\erwards otTered for sale, might 
judge of their real value. This was not done. The Bills are well 
drawn, expressing not a word of depreciation, and will, on every princi- 
ple of Law and justice, bind this State to discharge them, according to 
the expressed Sums in Specie. Bills of Exchange, dn^wn lately in 
America, for the support of the Armies of France serving in America, 
have been sold nearly Sterling for currency; but the Government has 
not refused to pay them, because they sold under value. This preceded 
from the exigencies of the Times, and nature of the services; Govern- 
ment soon saw the disadvantage of raising money to support its army 
by drawing Bills, and therefore sent money to America for that purpose. 
But Sir, if France could not have sent money to America, her servants 
would continue to draw Bills as usual — So, please your Excellency, it 
was with Virginia. The government knew long ago, the enormous 
expence it was at, in the maintaining an army on the mississippi, but 
had it not, like France, in their power to prevent it by sending supplies 
of any kind immediately from hence, nor were they able to pay the 
Bills drawn by their officers, with punctuality when presented here. 
This Sir, is the true reason that your western accounts are so large, and 
in my opinion, that the accounts are so, is not to be ascribed to Frauds 


1782. or aboMs com i i tl ed by joar SerrantA, or to any cihar tuam Hbmn Hm 
Jmi'j 17U deranged State of joar FiDascee, and perhaps some inattention in tiM 
directors of 70a r affairs; for example, Keeping People that came fifteen 
hundred or two thousand miles, at a vast risk and expence, ten or twelve 
months, before thej coald obtain a settlement of their aecoimts, etm- 
tributes greatly -to give Virginia bad credit abroad, and is, with dne 
Sobmtssion, what I call inattention in them. I am an instance of this. 
Had the Ezecntire been pleased to do for me last sommer, as the 
General Assembly have done now. it would have saved me some hundreds 
of Pounds, much mortification. Fatigue, and Insult, and I would have 
been some months ago with my family, from whom, I am now neariy 
twelve months absent. 

Information and intelligence even from an humble Hand, will always 
be received by a wise man pnblickly employed in the Service of his 
Country, but particularly the Chief magistrate will find it essentially 
necessary to gain all he can. in order to enable him the more perfectly 
to discharge the Duties of the Trust reposed in him, and to see justice 
impartially administered between the Public and the Individual. I shall 
therefore beg your Ezcellencys leave to inform you of the nature of 
our Trade from new Orleans to the Islenois, as it is somewhat connected 
with the general subject of roy Letter, and perhaps not unuseful to you. 
From new Orleans to the Islenois is 500 Leagues. A very considerable 
commerce is carried on between these two places — Orleans furnishes them 
with arms, ammunition, Indian and other Dry Goods, Rum, Wine, Sugar, 
Coffee, Ac. &c. Ac, And they, in exchange send us deer-skins, Beaver, 
otter, and other kind of Furs, with a small quantity of Flour. 

The Trader at new Orleans purchases his goods from the importer, at 
an advance in War Time, from two to three hundred pr: Cent: on the 
Sterling cost. He carries them in large Batteaux to the Islenois, rowed 
by twenty four Oars, and is from eighty five to ninety Days ascending — 
On bis arrival there, be sells bis cargoes to the Traders of the Country, 
at an advance of two hundred pr: cent: on the Orleans Invoice; so that 
every Article of Goods sold them, comes to the purchaser eight or nine 
hundred per' Cent: on the original Cost. It is from one or other of 
these People, that your officers have been under the mortifying necessity 
of purchasing the Goods, with which the necessaries for the subsistence 
of the Army have been procurred. With these dear bought Goods, they 
purchased the friendship of the Indians, who are now attached to your 
Interest; and for these dear-bought Goods, these Bills have been drawn 
on the Treasury of Virginia, or on Mr. Pollock at new Orleans — 

These facts I mention to your Excellency with a view to show you 
the reasons and circumstances that have combined to make your public 
Expences so enormous to the Westward; but great as they are, yet 
greater are the benefits you have and will derive from them — You have 
Sir, taken possession, and I hope secured the remotest part of your 
present territorial claim, and perhaps the finest cH>untry on Earth. You 


hmve made joorselfs respectable among the Indians of that country ; and 1782. 
secured their friendship — ^Toa have prevented the British and their JMi*y l7Ui 
Indian Allies from taking possession of that Country; and thereby 
opened and secured a communication to new Orleans where your back- 
settlers on the Ohio will always meet with a friendly reception, and a 
good market for their Produce — And you have Sir, in all human proba- 
bility prevented the British of Detroit, and their Indians fh>m joining 
Lord Comwallis, while he was in the foil career of a suocessfril invader, 
over-running this Country. Such a junction Sir, at that time would 
have been fiital to Virginia. 

I shall conclude this long Letter with a Prayer on behalf of my Con- 
stituent, that your Excellency will not suffer a faithful servant to &11 a 
sacrifice to his Zeal for the honour and Service of Virginia; that you 
will not suffer a Family to be reduced to misery and distress, which, 
before Mr. Pollock accepted the Agency of the United States, and 
Virginia employed him, lived in affluence and ease. That you will be 
pleased to order his accounts to be settled without delay, or that you 
will be pleased to pass such resolves in Council in his Favour, for sach 
Sums, as you shall believe to be justly due to him ; that by assigning 
the same to his Creditors, they may be for the present ai^>eased, and he 
at liberty to wait on your Excellency here, with such Proofs as wiU 
satisfy you of his probity and integrity in your Service, and prove to 
you and to mankind that his accounts are fair, just and honest. 

His character as Agent for the United States entitles him to a respeot, 
which I am sorry to say has not been sufficiently attended to. When 
the great officers of Government treat the inferior ones with contempt 
and neglect, they never will be well served. Shall Mr. Pollock be 
obli^T^^ to attend like a common claimant at Kentucky, not to receive his 
money then, but to supplicate for a settlement of the money he gener- 
ously and disinterestedly advanced for the public Service of his Country. 
Richmond, with due submission, Sir, is the Place where the accounts of 
Mr. Pollock should be proven, and if he has committed Villianies, then 
he should be made a public Example in terrorem. 

In justice to ray constituent, and to the honour of Truth, without any 
self interest or view of Interest, I have dwelt long upon this Subject, 
and I fear have trespassed on your Exeellencys' Patience — I wish for 
no more than to see Justice take place between Virginia and her Servant 
Pollock, who to my knowledge, when the event of ye war was doubtful 
and the Independence of Amenca uncertain, virtuously, and like a true 
Whig advanced his Fortune in support of her Cause. Euin, from a 
victorious British Enemy, Pollock might reasonably expect, but from a 
victorious friend, from Virginia, to whose service his Life and Fortune 
have been devoted, he had reason to expect at least a just, if not general 
acquital — 

I have the Honor to be with the most profound Respect, Sir 

Your Excellency's most obedient and most humble Servant" 


1782. Major Alex: Diok to Col: Dayiks. 

Jan'y 17th Since writiDg my last I have lost two men entirely throu want of 

Portsmouth necessaries, for God's Sake Sir don't let us remain in* so distrest a state. 
Prisoners retum'd from New York declare their sufferings not equal to 
those of our Reg't: the well men without provision, without spirits, a 
number without any cloathing, all without shirts, one Soldier frose on 
his Post, our Hospital! without Blanketts, without physick or any 
kind of nourishment, nothing to be had, no one will Credit the Country. 

I am Sir, 

Your most Hum bl Servt." 

Jan'y 17th Dr. Mathew Pope to Col: Davies. 

Richmond Considering bis appointment as having been discontinued by the last 
Genl: Assembly, he takes the earliest opportunity, the distressed con- 
dition of his family will allow, to account for the medical Stores in his 
charge, and to request that some one be appointed to be responsible for 
them. The molasses, Wine, Tea, and remnant of oznaburgs are at his 
house in Powhatan ; and he hopes they may be removed as soon as possi- 
ble. A considerable quantity of stores remain at Wms'burg, which he 
has just ordered to be brought up to Richmond : an invoice of which 
will be made out as soon as they arrive — While he is in this part of the 
Country he will cheerfully render the State any Service he can. 

Jan'y 17th Geo: Hancock, a citizen of So; Carolina, and a refugee to Virginia 
from the "turbulence of the times in that Country" had removed his 
sixty slaves into this State, and registered them in Henry Co. — He now 
begs for permission from the executive, to sell fourteen of them, viz: 
"Tenah," "Pendar,"' Berry, Vina, Coelia, Mary, Gideon, Hester, Quash, 
Jock, Primmer, Linda, Phebe and Abram, "for the purpose of support- 
ing his family." 

Jan '7 I7th CoLO. Armand TO Gov: Harrison. 


Charlottes- I have been honoured with your favour of the 3d pressent, your 

ville Excellency's ideas upon the power which the board of General officers 
had to determine on whatsoever the army had taken from the enemy, 
with all at once further requests from me on the subject & is the 
strongest Justification to me for having not recovered those horses. 
Your excellency's explanation of some parts of your former letter, which 
concerned my request for waggons &c. is the very expression of your 


wishes to do justice to one of the most attached friends to this Country — 1782. 
nothing can be more just & reasonable than your ideas of the quarter Jad^j I7th 
roaster's department — in all Country that branch of the army is defec- 
tive in some parts & what individuals engaged in it do perform has very 
seldome for principle, the good of the public, it is by that line that 
new army are ruined & destroyed before they are regularly formed, it is 
by the disorders & expenses of the same, that often, not only generals but 
also forces are forced to put a stop to their advantages, & and even to 
listen to terms of peace injurious to the nation which otherwise had the 
strength & courage to take all the advantages of their adversary. — ^in a 
monarchy or other perfectly united government, where those evils are well 
known, one king or one Senat, by the Sole will of one or by the united 
will •f many (which is the same thing) put an immediate stop to all 
malpractices & mistakes, knowing as the subjects of those governments 
are the subjects to the same degree, to the same laws & fare equally in 
the goods & critical circumstances of the state — very seldome those act- 
ing for the public like an army or other corps may be reduced to a very 
distressed situation, at least if the circumstances of the state are bad, 
every one leel it will proportion & equallity & of course none may com- 
plain — but here it is quite the reverse — the Same Army acting for the 
same cause is divided by the nature of the Country which constitute the 
nature of the war — and as there is thirteen States, each of them regu- 
lateci by different measures, the parts of one army have to suffer on, to 
enjoy under the influence of thirteen governments the attention which 
they separately pay to their own troops, which often diverts them from 
the general attention which is to be payed to every troops acting for 
the community & belonging to it & which are stationed in a state to 
which they do not belong. 

The troops under this last circumstance are to be supplyed by Con- 
gress. Congress have agents for that purpose, but they are little sup- 
plyed with means & as the money which they receive is not much more 
than equal to their wages & commissions, they eassy account for the over- 
plus for their travels and other expenses, of the kind in which the troops 
have no part. Their general resource is to give Certificates whose 
numbers & nominal value increasing in a higher proportion than the 
taxes which they are received to pay for, has no other effect than to 
disgust the people & create in them the greatest backwardness to make 
any advances to the Continent — from this spring the misery of the 
Soldiers^ the difficulty of maintaining the troops already raised, the 
impossibility of completing the several corps & of cdurse the Army. I 
am told that other measures will soon be' taken to provide the troops. 
I wishe it may be so, but what is to be done untill that time. 

my legion is ordered here by the Commander in Chief, with whom 
the several states represented in Congress have left the disposal of their 
troops — his orders to me are to fill up the legion with recruits, to clothe, 
equip & mount them and then to joign the Army and take the field. 


1T82. I have already a pretty large namber of men — in a short time I expect 

Jba'y nth to have all my horses — ^tbe greatest part of the equipments & all the 
cloathing are here because I have payed myself the corryage of them 
from richmond to this post — the remainder is at richmond — the cloath- 
ing is in the hands of eighteen taillors — & what repairing is necessary to 
the sadles &c will be done with the Cloathing — 

must I leave this post with my men, leave the cloathing here, put to 
another time the recruiting of men & wait for other circumstances to 
get them properly mounted & equipped & regulated — should I take those 
steps for which I could never account for to Congress and the Commander 
in chie^ my men would desert the horses perish, no recruits could be 
made & the equipments & clothing be destroyed, but on the other hand, 
what means have I to remain at this post, now, since the power ^ven 
to the Commissioners for supplying forage & provisions for the Conti- 
nental troops have been taken from them, & if your excellency does not 
consider the legion for the benefit of allowance granted to the Virginia 
troops, as those troops themselves, or order some other measures to be 
taken, it will be impossible to subsist our men & horses & to keep in our 
conduct the regularity of proceeding subjected by the late resolution of 
Assembly, what your excellency had done in our favour in respect to 
grain taxes has not had any effect till this day & probably will not have 
more while we are here — the people has taken such an advantage of the 
last resolution, against impressing, that some who had engaged tlieir 
waggons & Served the legion for some time have gone back with their 
waggons. I wishes you would give me directions & assistance for 

the time we have to stay here by all what has hindered my 

Cloathing to come sooner will be six weeks — before that time we can 
not possibly move, without discharging the men & give up the horses & 

I am with the highest respect 

Sir, your mst obt Sevt. 

Should it be necessary to have served the state in which we are 
stationed, to draw of him the same advantages that his own troops. I 
could say that my legion has been destroyed in the province of Virginia 
duiing last Campaign, men & horses killed, others taken, three officers 
taken which are not exchanged yet, but are much wanted — I could to 
this add an uncommon instence, which is the Service of my officers of 
the horse in the beseiging of York — Cavallery had no occasion to serve 
there & those officers offered oflen time the sacrifice of their lives to the 
good example which an enterprise required." 


''Ths HuicBLX PETITION 09 Jamss Robinson, Rubin Griffis and John 1782. 
Chapman/' to Gov: Harbison, << Humbly sheweth'' 

"That your unhappy petitioners Humbly prays through your bounty" Jan*y 17th 
fhll goodness, you will Be pleased to Bestow to us a Little Longer Limit- 
ted time of Life, as we are not at this present time, Capable of Death, 
as we have not had no priest but twice with us — ^And as In Duty 
Bound Shall ever pray" 

J. Swan to Gov: Harrison. Jan'y 17th 

As the oldest Captain in Baylors Regt: of Cavalry, he is entitled to the Baltimore 
rank of major in the 1st Regt. When in Philadelphia he had applied 
to the minister of war for his commission, but was referred to the 
Governor of Yirga. for a warrant to justifie him in making out the same 
agreeable to the Confederation." On his way to the Southern Army he 
was taken sick in Baltimore, and fearing the vacancy may be filled 
before his recovery, takes the liberty to mention his claim &c. 

Major R. Claiborne to Col: Da vies. Jan'y 17th 

"Dear Sir 

I thank you for the information contained in your favor of Richmond 
the 14th respecting my appointment in the Ist Regt: of Artillery — and 
the resolution of the house of delegates, which came enclosed. 

The Baron Steuben omited to say Ist Lieutenant, it certainly was his 
intention, and what I ought to have, agreable to Colo. Harrisons certi- 
ficate to him. I shall be much obliged to you now for the names of the 
Ist Lieutenants, as they stand arranged, that I may know my station. 

I am dear sir, very respectfully, 

yr: obt: servt — " 

Jno. Robertson to Col: Davibs. Jan'y 18th 

Enclosing list of persons living near Bottom's Bridge who have pos- Richmond 
session of estray "continental beeves" and refuse to give them up, viz — 
Mary Cox, John Burton, Jo. Ward, Jno. Shackleton, Jno. Hales, Jno. 
Dolor — Asks for authority to recover them — Requests that his "appoint- 
ment as Supt. C. of Issues & Hides" on file in the War OfOice, be sent to 

him by the bearer of this — 4 




1782. Col: Davies encloses to the Governor, the Account which Col: Hen- 

Jan'y 18th dricks of the Alex : District, gives of the Sale of the Specific tax collec- 
War Office tions to the French Agents, a matter of official complaint by the ''Com- 
missioner of Specifics" of Prince Wm. County — Unless otherwise 
ordered he will enclose this to the Commissioner, who may give some 
other information, thou' he has a '^favorable opinion of the integrity 
of Col : Hendricks *'— 

He has received notice from Dr. Pope, that he thinks his appointment 
discontinued ; with a return of all his stores &c — Desires to be informed 
whether Dr. Pope "is continued or not" — 

Jan'y 18th 


Maj: R. Claibobne to Col: Davixs. 
"D'r Sir 

For more speedy communications with the Quarter Master 
General — the advantages of being on the line from Philadelphia to the 
Southern Army, and expedition in the settlement of my Accounts, I find 
it necessary to move my office to Fredericksburg — hope it will meet 
with your approbation — 

I have the honor to be, 

dr. Sir, with very sincere respect, 

yr: obt. Servt" 

Jan'y 18th 


Major Claiborne to the (Governor. 

He is very sorry that the executive disapprove of his moving his 
office to Fredericksburg; and although he is "very much disposed" to 
oblige the Executive, the duty he owes to his creditors, to the United 
States and to himself oblige him to this step. The State having with- 
drawn "every Kind of supply" from his department, except upon 
special occasions, but little business intercourse can exist between them. 
In addition to this, he has not a house in which to hold his office, the 
one now occupied by him being sold and possession demanded — The 
two clerks he had have left him and he finds it impossible to supply their 
places "in this time.*' By removing he will have power to remedy these 
and other evils. Therefore for these and other reasons heretofore as- 
signed, and being con viced the affairs of his office can be better conducted 
by the change, he trusts the Executive will not only be put to no inconve- 
nience by it, but will themselves see the propriety of the move — 


Dr. N. Slauohtsr to Col: Da vies. 1782. 

Jan'y 18th 
When Col: Dabneys troope arrived at that place, the Small pox Portsmouth 

''raged not only in Town, but in all the neighbouring country — Some of 
them took it and died, and he was applied to, in the absence of their 
surgeon, to innoculate them. This he did, at great inconvenience to the 
Country people who needed his services for the same purpose. He 
hopes the State will pay his account £100. 16s. — ^He is not so unreason- 
able as to expect instant payment, but only wants some official recog- 
nition of his claim. Concludes "did I not know that men of discern- 
ment, of steadiness & of integrity were much wanted in the manage- 
ment of our, unweildy political machine, I should, as once before, 
intreat you to return and follow your profession, which would yield you 
in ye course of a few years an independent fortune, this is paying you 
no compliment, for its impossible to do Justice to the ignorance of our 
Lawyers or Magistrates." 

Major Claiborne to the Governor Jan'y l8th 

Informing him of an arrangement entered into between himself and Bichmond 
Major Carrington, in order to furnish forage for the three Continental 
Stations in Virginia, the cavalry, waggon horses &c. His Agents are to 
contract for com, oats, hay and ^'com fother" at the current prices, 
payable in six months. If payment should not be made at the expira- 
tion of that time, ^'four shillings specie pr: bushel is to be allowed for 
Com ; three shillings specie for Oats, and four pounds ten shillings pr : Ton 
for Hay or Com fother" — He has extended this principle to contracts 
for wood, '^ allowing one fourth of the firA; price " to be added if not 
paid for as above — He again informs his Excellency of his determination 
to move his office to Fredericksburg and gives the reasons therefor. 

Maj: Ro: Forsyth, to Gov: Harrison, Jan 'y 19th 

In regard to the amount of Bum and Salt furnished by this State Richmond 
for the Southern Army, and enclosing an " Extract from Genl : Green's 
Orders to Capt: Ragsdale'' just communicated to him, as follows: 

Camp at Bound O, DEa 19th 1781. 

"You will also apply to the Governor to have 2,000 Head of Cattle 
put up to stall feed, without loss of time, as cattle here will soon be 
unfit for use, and besides which they begin to be exceeding difficult to 
be got — Should the Cattle be generally small, I would wish not less than 
3,000 head he put up — Yon will also represent our deplorable situation 


1782. with respect to Salt & Rum, and the great necessity of giving further 
Jan'y 19th aid to the business of transportation — We have not five bushels of Salt, 
nor a drop of Rum in Camp or within a hundred miles of us. 

These Articles may be forwarded to Greorgetown from Chesapeake in 
swift sailing small craft. It would be infinitely the Cheapest, least 
difficult, and by far the most expeditious mode of forwarding supplies ; 
nor do I think the vessells, if they keep close in shore, will run any 
great risque. This business should be mentioned to Major Forsyth, if 
.he is in Virginia, as well as to the Governor of the state— you know our 
necessities, and you will press our wants.'' 

Jan'y 19th COL: DavIES to THE GrOVEBNOR. 


War Office . In obedience to your Excellency's directions, I have the honor to 
enclose to you, a return of the persons employed in the different depart- 
ments expressed in the order of Council of yesterday. The whole of 
the Deputy Commissioners in the State are now out of office, in conse- 
quence of the expiration of the law. There was one in each County, 
except two or three beyond the mountains. There were no Commis- 
sioners of the provision law last year, except in some of the Counties 
where there was no Deputy Commissioners Appointed, and in them the 
Commissioners of the provision law for the year So undertook to act. 
I have not yet obtained any return from Dr. Pope, but I believe he has 
no more than one shop-keeper and three attendants a nurses at the 
hospital. The department of military stores is certainly too large for 
the present circumstances of the State. I have therefore mentioned it 
to Capt: Pryor, who tells me the collection of the Arms has made it 
necessary hitherto, but that in future, a very considerable reduction may 
be made unless another invasion should take place — 

I beg leave to enclose to your Excellency a resolution of Congress of 
an old date, lately sent me from General Green. I find it entirely con- 
trary to the Continental regulations to furnish their troops with Cloath- 
ing; but as I have never been able to get the sight of their Journals for 
more than a year past, I had it not in my power, to know what was 
right or wrong. I hope however the distress of our Soldiers will be a 
justification for our issues — 

I have the honor to be 

your Excellency's most obt hbl Servt" 


now OL iikf -WAT u- Trinche»r«T. for tbe i^ti Oavulrv m tHnt y^lfiN- to 
Topair loPonsmontL. ioaxinrraiuifficient TinmHer to^SftiaTiI tho yiT<hioT>erR — 
Gspt: Armstead T^Knts- ,£nreai wjuit of iWi^lfss j^Tnoiur thc^^ — ^Hc rwvwi- 

Jjfs^cai. be juppropruktad tci tbe mie Af the Oavmlry. «i WiTi<^hefitt«r — 

Tour letter of the 12tL |mikaiit w»s handMi to vne t4i)s <kir — toothing Oli^<«n«<»- 
GKD fl im|ui i m Bie BMire then the comipiaintE^ aientioiiieKi in it of iq> leyiu^ "^^ 
the mhabitantl^ under the <^>}irei»i0D of the* impT^M««m^nt» ot th«^ir 
nFhggODb 4 fbraeg^. I oan noi quelifV this Tm)»]Mm irauie %o v<m In* 
other wofnk- then ui^owiti<»i k ontmth — 4is I em ^eiwihle th« ^t^^enxvr 
L 9BDst of Tix|riiiie doe^ noi ^x their Idefts. Jiid|;ieiiioi>l« of thin^ A 
determniaiiaiif^ upon iiiAi|riufioeni proofe, which ar^ ondoevoiiTtMi to be 
^^en by wmy of eompkuntri^ 1 em enxioof^ to pTO»orre their 09t«<>i«e 4k 
therefare reqneBt them to teke all the meemrefi thet oen openh- A pub- 
lic^hr expiem mj eondnct, whiob roeens of proo^edifi^ 1 4ei^ tmy A^mr 
SroellancT w eeneihle of, ere proper to me to iiniTHt upon. 1 tiiihmU 
-ro]iiiitari)T to the determinotionfs of eny por^oiw* whioh the oifooMtivo 
ehaS pleeee to eend bore k appriee tb<nfn«)vef^ with the pertioiitert^ of 
mj oondnet— even of thnf«e who hron^ht the oompleints a^ini^t mo, 
pxm-ided en honest men if^ eont elong with tJiom — ^l woti)d wish 4^ ffivi^ 
mj utmost consent to he trared on mr impro^in^ we^r^iw 4t fWTTi^j<^ 
by the inhebitanUi of this noixrhhorhood, which if opprwwion on thoiH^ 
beads hes taken place in my conduct, mii9t a» tbe vrean^st M hund biiw 
ftoifeiti the most under it^ — ^I do not wishe to have a «ngl^ mitw^iw in my 
nde, what I msk for is all the witness that cen be fonnd i^Q^imH YVio. 

I can not help answering the eesertion contained in yo«r k«tt<^t*— f ^<tf 
your anaitfy oomtehd ia nain with her emem^. if sh^ «i^W?r tk/i^ v»^v) /irr U h^ 
her frioids to treat her with the sa^mf inhufMfntty th^t th" f/^rmH" f/VH#7^ 
do— A my answer to it is contained in thoso few wordin — whioh In tbt^ 
americac boon, or any other that has made grcvator $aoririo<>^ to t h^ liK^Ky 
of america & given her more proof of fViendship than Ct>lonol Arme^id - 
the answer to this will be the answer to the as^rtion^^I hat) \h^ hov^oMV 
to wraite to your excellency the day before j^^stcrday \ j?*^*^ >*^^^^ ^^ 
account of the present situation of the legion, that oor|>s cannot movi» fVxmv 
here unleas he is disbanded — ^the men t^ horses cannot subsist wiih«>nt t hoy 
are provided with rations by the country, this part. atT^mrtl e pUiniy of 
grain & forrage— the means to get it are not in my power A t am 0ntliH>^(y 
ready to leave the whole at your disposal St to retire myself. Ouplt 


1782. Eice, bearer of this will inform your excellency more at large of the 
Jan'y 19th means he could have to supply that corps should he be supported by the 
help of the executive. I do not mean by this, thier orders to impress, 
or their calling back their act against impressing which I tiare say is very 
proper & agreeable to the times — ^but by permitting some exchange of 
flour which is far of this place against flour which some of the inhabi- 
tants around here would deliver to the legion on those terms. 

I am sorry Capt: Sharp has not keapt his temper in the bounds of 
his respect for the Council & your Excellency dictated to him. he is 
bom in this country & a man of a reputable conduct & bearing before 
the enemy. I have reprimanded him & as your complaints of him make 
me entirely conscious of the great impropriety of his conduct, I beg leave 
to refer wholy to you to dictate the mode of separation which his offence 
. & true repentance of it will suggest to your excellency, until your com- 
mands on that head that officer will remain at Charlottesville, which 
place he was to quit to morrow, to go recruiting. 

I am obliged by the confidence you are pleased to have in my way of 
thinking & I shall be always happy to maintain your esteem by my way 
of acting. Col : Carrington had wrote to me that previous to his going 
to the north, he would take some measures with the executive for 
supplying the legion & that he would wraite to me accordingly. I have 
not received any letter since, but as he could not act without the execu- 
tive, I continue to rely on what this last will do for the legion. 

I have the honour to be with respect, 
your Excellency's 

Sir, the most obt. hble Servant*' 

Jan'y 20th W. Abmstead TO thb Executive. 

Richmond Pressing his claim for "two hhds: of rum lent the State in January 
last, " and adding " When it is considered that this rum was not intended 
for sale but for the private use of two or three persons in the Service of 
the State, who from their public employments were precluded from all 
kind of trade; that the Law which at that time authorized the seizure 
of Spirits for the Army, provides that even from those who had that 
Article for sale, not more than one half of their Stock should be taken. 
I flatter myself that my claim will appear perfectly reasonable Ac." 

Jan'y 20th Application to; and refusal of Col: Daviesto issue Orders to military 
Richmond Officers to furnish Soldiers to arrest a prisoner, escaped from the Civil 

Authorities, unless required to do so by the Executive — The Governor 

gives authority therefor — 


DwL J. Homo TO Cau: Daviw^ ITS^ 

****** WiUiMJM^ 

*^ytr mtMmaon i» renderad vii g^gnw t i bte by ifa^ improper iir^u^u o4' ^^^^'^ 
pnbiie AAkn: nolhiii^ co be cioiM <k biutUy pKt>vh»ott «hh>U|^ u> k^ep 
cii0 BBospt tzoBi aounrin^^ — Pro<mhii^ wixhi tbr dO or 711 si^^k pruvtw^ :m» 
diftmit; diat dier ara otltaii witfaout. 

I aboiiid be hsppy to b«ttr the lieiermiimttoiift o^ our Ai^^etuMy , ti«>wa 
r Sappoae need bardly be reiftted. :i» you ^ure UDdoubtediy at tb%> tbuutiug 
head — I am. Dr Coilo with re^pevt <k weil fbuuded B&teem 

your drieitd Jl tible Servk* 

Wx. BOIIAJLD TQ Gov. fiUjUUaON. 4iyi'y |M 

Col: Febiger who Gommands at Cumberiand Old Oh: Uoudo iutbrttii^ If^wbataa 
me the tzoope at that station »tttfbr very much tirom want of provit^otit^ 
they have not had any kind of meat tbr about tburteeu dayt^ and v^ry 
little ezpectadona of procuring any. in thi» Situation^ Col : Fi^bigyr baa 
aoUicited aeveraL of the inhabitant to coutrtbuto to tht>ir tomporary 
relief and has requested their influence in procuring a proper tmpply — 
for this reason I take the liberty of addressing your eaicellottcy ou the 
subject, making you a tender of any Mrvices it ma^ be in my pow^r to 
render the troops — I cannot command ready money, but if my private 
Credit can be of aerrice in procuring an immediate impply I »hail tiot 
scruple to pledge it for a moderate swau provided I have your Kxceltoucy 'h 
approbation^ and you will be pleased to direct the ofilcert» of ii^overu- 
ment to take such steps as the Law will warrant to indemuii^ the 
Inhabitants who may exert themselves ou this occasion. 

The Court of Powhatan have appointed Comtuit^otters to collect the 
tax of 2 lbs Bacon pr : poll, many of the people seem disposed to p^^y it 
immediately, and are willing to pay three pounds of Salted pork in lieu 
of two pounds of Bacon — The Commissioners only wait your Kxcelleucy 'h 
orders for the application of this meat, which I presume you will dire^^t 
to be delivered to those troops — 

This tax on the County of Powhatan will only yield meat for Kight 
or Ten days" — ^He recommends the course adapteil by Powbatau» be 
recommended by bis Excellency to Amelia, Cumberland and 0<HH'blaud» 
giving Col: Febiger authority to re<*eive the provisloiw supplie^l by 
tbem — ^He has already authorized the CommiHsionor who UMually HUppUes 
those troops, to purchase to the amount of ^^ one huiulrtnl poumU** ou 
his own private credit, payable in six mouths — Thin however will not 
go very far, as the "pork season is now over** and the "cattle not Ht tbr 
Slaughter." But if a much larger amount can be made up, (H>niilderahle 
purchases may be made in the lower Counties on the credit of the 


1782. people. Recommends that a person be appointed to make such purchases, 
Jan'y 20th the money thus expended to be regarded as li^nt to the Treasury of the 
State, and the receipts given by him receivable by the sheriflb for taxes 
from the holders. In this way, he thinks " many of the principal people " 
will pledge their private credit to procure provisions for the troops, but 
adds, ^^from the people at large I fear no advances can be immediately 
expected, as they are a good deal disappointed on finding that the certifi- 
cates obtained for provisions formerly supplied will not pay any of their 
taxes, and it will require considerable time to reconcile them to that 


Jan'y 20th James Patillo TO CoL: Davibs. 

Oomberland Fourteen months have passed since he was under command of the 
*^H Col: at Chesterfield Ct: House, since which time he has been doing 
severe duty in the Quarter Master and Commissary's Depts : and in the 
line without one shilling of pay, and not one article of clothing but one 
pair of shoes and one pair of Stockings — He has resigned the service 
entirely, not being able to find himself in Clothing, and pocket money, 
and must starve if he continues. Begs to know how he can obtain his 
"pay a deficiencys in clothing" or a certificate which will enable him to 
"demand it when money is to be had." 


War Office He has been applied to by several of the Counties to know whether 
the recruiting service under the Act passed at Staunton should go on. 
What law has expired? and as it requires a Proclamation from the 
Executive to resume the draft, it is contended that no authority exists 
to do this, until such proclamation be issued — Chesterfield County 
among others, on this account refuses to furnish any men. Being at a 
loss on this Subject, and not having a copy of the Acts of Assembly, he 
requests instructions — Calls attention of the Grovernor to the fact, that 
"a considerable portion of our infantry engaged for the war" are now at 
Fort Pitt, and adds "For those men the State gets little Credit, and the 
attention of every body that wishes to know the force Virginia keeps in 
the field is turned, not to Port Pitt, but to General Green's Army — They 
see nothing of these men on his Returns, and of course the State appears, 
in a more difficult point of view than she ought to, and exposed to an 
additional load of obloquy. I have been told that there are at least 
120 men there of the Virginia Line enlisted for the war, most of the 
officers are desirous to leave that Post and to join the rest of the line, 
* but the Colonel lives there, and would probably be much averse to 
leaving it." 


EnoloeeBa resolution of Congress, by which it appears that Grenl: 1782. 
Irwin of Pensyva: has authority to reorganize the troops at Fort Pitt, January 2l8t 
and as Ck)l: Broadhead of the Pensylvania Egt. there, is the senior 
officer to the Virginia Colonel, it may be that the whole of the Yir- 
ginians have been incorporated with the Batallion with the Pensylvanians 
nnder Broadhead. In as much as he has never giving instructions that 
the Militia of the Counties in Virginia adjacent to that Post, should be 
under the orders of Genl: Irwin, not having authority from the Execu- 
tive to do so, he shall await their action in the matter. 

''This day came before me, St. Greorge Tucker Esqr, & took the Oath January 22d 
of Fidelity, as also the Oath of a Privy Councillor, agreeable to an Act Henrico Co. 
prescribing the Oath of Fidelity & the Oaths of certain Public Officers. 

Given under my Hand this 22d Day of January 1782.'' 

Capt: John Peyton to Col: Davies. January 22d 

He has delivered to Col: Febiger*s paymaster "400 pr: Shoes & 53 Albemarle 
Shirts & hatts"— the only articles he had of those ordered. Has neither Barracks 
over-alls or cloth from which to make them. Hopes soon to have Eussia 
sheeting out of which to make some ; but as nearly all his tailors are 
about to leave him, for want of the Specie to pay them, he cannot 
promise much work in the future. Thinks it would be proper to order 
the Soldiers at Cumberland Old Ct: House who are good tailors to 
report to him; more good to be done by this step, as he could then 
have shirts made for the army. The few tailors he has are at work for 
Col: Armand; but should rather be employed making over-alls & vests 
for the Virginia Line. He is determined not to allow his Shoe-makers 
to make Boots &c for his Legion. Returns thanks for his efforts to 

procure him his pay, and adds "I wish I may be D d if I have had 

one Shilling my own property for near Two Months, & what is nearly 
as bad I am almost naked for want of Cloaths" — Begs to be allowed to 
draw firom Mr. Dyer Some "thin French Cloth in the State," not fit for 
the Soldiers; for which he will pay Mr. Boss in Tobacco. Becommends 
that "buttons be put to the Clothing ho may send to Bichmond, as 
much complaint arises because it is not done. 

Doer: Nath: Pope to Col: Davies. January 22d 

« Sir 

It is with no small regret that I find myself (after being a Slave to Richmond 
the Public from almost the Commencement of the war to the present 
hour, at the risque of every thing that was dear and valuable to me 



17i2L finm mj «xp£«KA&&si» zst ffag'^gfi. br takiEie as actire pait in the Obdm 

Shluy of Twecij SmUiiif? pr : Daj. vfckfc ofiee I IohmjU keld. This 
Sir. I ua e«nE§truxied u> do. fi«:4m tW oabit mad htmrr loaes I bave 
fuStred airuMlT br seninc ibcn. JLDd BOt reoHTuc a sn^le dbilfiiig;^ for 
m J laR »x iiw>fitb» expe&are senifiw madei* it OA of mj power to 

I haT« D9t a smeie ocfiee oi proiisioB laid ib £v ibe iuppo i t of aij 
FanulT for tLe exif^oiij^ Teu*. &or 3$ it in my p&wer to pnrciiaae anj; 
oo<i««^TUrX2i]T I cac DO lon^T ssppOTt mj Family t«'>^«tilicr. So fiur from 
#fr.gfc,^ihg- ill iLe Senrkie of th«> PabHc agaisu mj wh\}je time and tbov^ts 
are emplojed m eollMrting tbe Scattered a&d tattered remams of the 
iittie aU I bare ielL beiore it be too late, in order to di*pcwe oil to aave 
myself and tbose dependent on me hsjtm starring; Kaaons sniBciait I 
flatter myself (or declining the appointment, yoo will therdbre aa 
^needily as posKible appc^int another to act in my stead. aA the sck are 
snifering for want of proper attendance an i neceasary%. 

I am with Sincere Esteian k Begard 

yoor most obi Serrani." 


BacLiiKMwi It baring been reported to him that only twenty &ve Coimties have 
^fbmisbed the waggons required of them by law,"* be baa exam- 
ined the lisift. and tads that HalifaT id not credited with ben, l»y>i«k^ 
to Hr. McCraw Q. Master at Peytonsburg, mad ^ipraised at £19178— 
charged to the Continent. He knows ai no other, Mr. Brown beti^ 
ComnuBsioner at the time the wagond ought to have been Inniiabed 

Jmntmrj 22d LuccT: Xath'l Bicb to j enclosing list oi six months men. 


PrioM He knows not how the Post is to be maintained, imleas stqia are taken 

^HooL^ to supply provisions. 

Jtkoarj 22d Col: I>aT]eB informs the Executive of Bi^ Pc^'s relusal to accept the 
WarOfltoe appointment '^ Surgeon and Apothecary^ — ^He therefore, in view of 
the wants of the sick, and the Doctor's desire that the stores and medi- 
cines should be taken finom under his custody, urges the immediate 
appointment of his successor. Perhaps scMne of the Medical Gentlemen 
of the town, "wiU undertake this busineas" at the rate of ^wmity 
shillings a day, without forage or rations,*' which will save expence to 
the State. Dr. Pope's anxiety to be releived is his excuse for taking the 
liberty of urging attention to this matter — 


Gloster Oo. 

W. A TO Mb. A. B. 1782. 

January 22d 
In regard to the horses ^mished the French Troops during the opera- '^Concord " 
tioDB at York Town, and enclosing, authograph receipts for them from 
Genl: D'Alteiar of the Artillery, Major Moreau of the Engineers, a^d 
the Duke de Choisy— concluding "It was Genl: Woodon's Orders, when- 
ever the French Troops apply'd for anything, that they should be sup- 
ply'd (he was, as well as myself) perplexed almost out of his life — The 
French had the picking of the horses — I should therefore suppose that 
they should be charged with the best.'' 

Col: Davies informs the Executive in reply, that "there is no particular January 28d 
allowance made for the Commissary Genl : of Military Stores. He was War Office 
formerly paid at the rate of Seventy dollars a month, with one ration 
and forage; and was allowed an assistant at fifly dolls: a month and a 
ration a day — an assistant can now be gotten upon cheaper terms, "than 
daring the continuance of the paper money." 

Col: Davies to the (tovernor. January 28d 

Enclosing a letter from Col: Simmonds of Charleston So: Carolina, War Office 
urging the settlement of his claim against the state, for supplies fur- 
nished the prisoners of War of the Virginia Line at that place — Col : 
Davies testifies to the "very liberal and humane treatment'' of those 
prisoners by Col: Simmonds, according to the reports of all the officers 
who were confined there. The articles &c. were supplied in bulk to the 
Order of G^nl: Scott of Va., and afterwards to Col: Nevill who sue- • 
ceeded Scott in Command of the Virginia troops at Charleston. As 
these gentlemen are now collecting the necessary vouchers, which will 
consume much time, and as Col : Simmonds is incurring great expence, 
having to pay Five guineas a day for the vessel he came in, and has 
learned that his estate in Charleston is attached, he recommends a settle- 
ment with him, through Mr. Boss the Commercial Agent, by accepting 
bis accounts as being correct, he giving proper Bond for future 
Teimborsement to the State in case of errors being found, when the 
^uchers shall have been produced. 


1782. Wm. Reynolds to Grov: Harrison. 

January 28d <<Sir 

York The day before our Court Day I rece'd a Commission for a sheriff 

for this County. I bad previous to tbe rec*t of tbe Commission directed 
the Clerk to write to tbe magistrates to desire tbeir attendance, four of 
wbicb with the gentleman who was to qualifie as sheriff did attend. It 
was tbeir opinion that we could not set, to do business in any other 
House but tbe Court bouse, which at present is used by the French as 
an Hospital, tbe variety of disorders therein, and tbe disagreeable smell 
of the House deter'd tbe Gentlemen from going in. I thought it proper 
to acquaint yr: Excellency, as perhaps by an application from you the 
House may be given up — tbe necessity for a Sheriff and Court in this 
County was perbaps never greater tban at present, the situation of the 
inhabitants of this Town is peculearly bard. K tbe French army are 
to stay any time, we hope Barracks will be built to the chimneys of 
the former. 

There is I suppose upwards of a hundred negroes in this Town & 
York, they are really a great nuisance — I wish something could be done 
with them, it would be useless for me to have them taken up, as we 
have no prison to confine them in, nor no guard to escort them else- 

I am with great respect 

yr: Excellency's mo: obt. Servant — 

January 28d Maj: E. Claiborne to Gov: Harrison. 

Richmond Mr. Jameson has just informed him of bis Excellency's great objec- 
tion to tbe removal of bis office to Fredericksburg — This induces him 
to refer to tbe matter once more, to prove that tbe measure is rendered 
absolutely necessary for tbe reasons heretofore given. But he assures 
his Excellency, that if be will enable him to remedy the evils now in 
the way of the discbarge of tbe duties of his Office, he will cheerfully 
remain at the Seat of Government; in as much as the proposed move is 
of necessity, and not of bis choice. 

January 28d CoL: Christ: Febioer to Col: Da vies. 

D'r Colo. 

Cumberland 1 beleive I left off on the Subject of provisions, it's really a 

^^^ ^*H Serious one. we were twelve Days without a morsel of meat of any 

ELind. from Amelia I procured as much as lasted me till some came 

up from Bichmond. that from Amelia was so poor and bad that the 

. men refused to receive it, and on confining some of them, about 150 rose 

in arms to rescue them. But by tbe Vigilance of the Officers they were 



dispera'ed. Bat when the Beef^ or rather Cairion, that came firom Rich- 1782. 
mond is to be issued, there will be a greater cause of Complaint, it will Jamimrf SSd 
be to morrow. I shall attend the issue myself— Although 1 assure you 
finom the stench of the meat it's dangerous to be near it. 

The Beeolves of council is veiy good. But unless it is communicated 
to the Commissioners of Countys from your Authority, I fear it will * 
have but little Effect I have wrote Major Forsyth, he has no Resource 
in the world but the Carrion firom Richmond or Manchester. I am 
informed all the Troops to the Northward of us, as also the different 
stations, is supplied entirely by contract was this to be the case here 
we would fiure much better as several gentlemen would undertake to 
supply the Post 

Tours of the 2l8t by Mr. Logwood came to hand last night. I had 
received a Letter firom Grenl: Greene, of the 29th ultimo: by Capt: Rags- 
dell, in which he pres'd the marching of the Troops at this Station. In 
Consequence of which I have issued orders for the Detachment to be 
in Readiness to march at a moment's warning — ^Notwithstanding my 
repeated applications to the Q. Master's Department, I have yett obtained 
but very few Articles of those wanted. I have long since sent my Esti- 
mate. I sent my Quarter Master in person, all I received was 400 
EnapeiM^ I Rheam of paper, and an order on Ross' Works for one 
Ton of Iron. Upwards of a month ago, I obtained an order on M%jor 
Magill for some canteens. I sent the order but received none, neither 
have we a single order book or a sheet of paper. I also obtained an 
Order from Carington for Arms and Accoutrements compleat I sent 
for them, but could obtain none better than those we have, however in 
this Article I can manage so as not to detain the Troops a moment on 
that account. I shall write Grenl: Greene, and state matters to him. I 
am extreamly uneasy about his situation, and shall exert every nerve to 
gett the Detachment off. A Scene of Yilliany has been carried on, 
between the Inhabitants and Soldiery, that would astonish you, although 
every precaution has been taken to prevent such an Intercourse — Migor 
Finley will inform you of the particulars. I am extreamly sorry it is ^ 
out of the power of Grovemment to furnish us money, if it was ever so 
little, it would have a happy effect The Officers I am in hopes can 
manage so as to assist each other. I would therefore propose (as the old 
Soldiers' year ended the whole grumble exceedingly) that £4 or 500, say 
14 or 1500, which I am sure Government might borrow, should be imme- 
diately put in the hands of the Continental Paymaster, from him to 
Lut: Storkley or myself, and then proportion it to each non comis'd 
Officer and Soldier who marches with the Detachment. I beg you to 
make use of every means in your power to effect this purpose, and 
inform me of your prospects by Scott or Finley, whoever comes up first 
when the money is paid an Account might be lodged with the Auditors. 
By these means and my marching the Troops out of the State myself, I 
could gett them off very well contented. As I have but a very super- 


1782. ficial knowledge of the Southern Country, and what Boute at this time 
January 28d would be mofit adviseable, I will be much obliged to you for your opinion 
and advice, that I may concert measures for their supplies on their 
Boute. I have spoke with a number of the Officers on the ill conse- 
quences it would be productive of, to dispose of their Certificates at less 
* than their real value, and shall as you propose advise some of them to 
dispose of theirs for the benefit of the whole, in such manner as not to 
give a stab to their future Credit. I wish the next Session of Assembly 
may act decisively in this Matter: we must depend on you to procure 
from John Pierce Esqr. Paymaster Genl : in Philadelphia an Account of 
the Time the Different Corps has been paid off up to the last day of 
November 1779, as also an Account of what money the Officers respec- 
tively have drawn. 

Whilst I am writeing this three of the Officers come with a paper 
which was found in one of their Tents, the inclos'd is a copy — ^I had 
discovered a dissatisfaction for some time, this comes close, and 
deserves the utmost Attention to prevent an open Eupture, which how- 
ever it is said that Genl: W yn has pronounced at Genl: Greene's 

Quarters, as provision is very bad at present and the men might 
attempt something to morrow. I have with the Advise of my principal 
Officers concluded to lett alone an enquiry for the Author of the^Scrawl 

'till things grow better or worse, when I mentioned 4 or I had 

made no calculation which I have since done, and find that one single 
month's Pay for the non commissioned officers and privates would 
amount to 4866} Dollars, or £1457 — that sum I should conceive might 
easy be gott — 

Mr. Logwood informed me that you seemd uneasy about my not have* 
ing wrote lately, one Beason was my not receiving yours sooner than 
the 20th. * ♦ * * » 

* A report is just prevailing of General Greene's having met 

with a total Defeat, and himself Kill'd. hope there is no Foundation 
for it though from his Situation I fear the worst — Mr. Febiger is at my 
elbow and joins in our best compliments to you, and I am, D'r Cola as 

Tour Sincere Friend & ever humble 

P. S. — ^I observe in a paper of the 19th that Government are going to 
contract for some Post, why could not this also be included. I never 
Knew Point of Fork was one. Carter's Ferry is of no use to us God 
Knows Pray Send me all the late Acts of Assembly — 


Ths ViBismA Dklsoaxb xo xhb CsBVAUxa Dm la Iaipbui^ 1782. 

We hare tMken into consadenitioD tli« commnnicaiioii whicb you P1iilftM|»lttt 
were {deseed to mmke to us tlus mftemoon, <tf that part of his SxceUencj^s 
Comit de Yo-gemieB late Letter which relates to the mode of forwarding 
the sapplies Ibmished by his Court to tiie State of Yiiginia — Being 
sensible of the difBcolties under which the coontiy laboors finom the 
want of JGlitaiy Stores, we cannot do otherwise than recommend that 
those which oar generous Ally has directed for the use of Virginia 
ahoald be forwarded in French Bottoms without delay. We are confi- 
dent that eveiy measure tending to the secure transportation of these 
Stores will be adi^ted, and particiilarly that they will be sent under a 
ecmvoy of a convenient foroe^ if it be practicable. 

We shall inform the GoTemor of Virginia of the Steps which we have 
now taken, and doubt not that they will prove acceptable. 

Altho' Mr. Harrison, who negociated these supplies with you, men- 
tions in his Letter of the 29th of May last, the propriety of sending 
them to the I>elaware, yet we b^ leave to refer you to his preceding 
Letter of the 17th FeVy* in which he observes, "that it would add 
greatfy to the obligation if the Stores could be transported in a Frigate 
to York Town in Virginia." The latter Letter having been written at 
a season when our poets were infosted by British vessels. We conceive 
that the former suggests for our present circumstances, the most con- 
venient & advantageous plan. But should the position of the enemy 
make it unsafe to enter Chesapeake Bay, we are convinced that due 
precaution will be taken." 

In reply to a letter from the Count de Vergennes in Franco, dated 
Oct: 8th 1781 to the Chevalier de la Luzerne at Philadelphia, informing 
him that the "Articles to be furnished to the State of Virginia" would 
soon be ready for delivery, and enquiring whether they should be sent 
iu vessels despatched for that purpose, or be transported in French 
vessels, the €renl: Assembly of Va upon this being communicated to 
them, through their Committee, resolved that the Grovernor be desired 
to inform the Chev: de la Luzerne French minister at Philadelphia, that 
they preferred these goods should be "transmitted in ships of France 
^'as suggested by the Count de Vergennes, in his letter of the 8th Oct: 

Col: Da vies to Grov: Harrison. Jan 'y 24th 

Expresses regret to find that this Council are still averse to his mov- Kiohmond 
ing his office to Fredericksburg. To show that he is not influenced by 
motives other than the desire to promote the public interest, he begs 


1782. leave to wait upon his Excellency at any hour he may designate, in 
Jan'y 24th order to explain more fidly this matter. 

As soon as he was informed that 'Hwo horsemen would be stationed 
as Express-riders" at Bowling Green, he gave orders to the A. D. 
Quarter M. at Fredericksburg to have them supplied with forage &c — 

jMi'y25Ui Stephen South all, Lt: of A&tillebt to Col: Davies. 

ComberUnd By the late Resolution of the Genl: Assembly, Continental officers 
^^^ „ can draw a year's pay in Certificates: he therefore begs his assistance, 
in procuring one for him, as he will soon have to march Southward and 
is without money or credit to pay his necessary expenses. 

Jan'y 26ih CoL: Gus: B. WALLACE TO CoL: Davies. 

Fredericks- Recommending to his favorable notice ^'Francis Combs, a soldier of 
borg ^Y^Q 20th Ya. Regt.*' who went with him to Charleston, and was unfor- 
tunate enough to lose his hand — He desires to know what provision is 
made for Invalids, as he is inlisted for the war. 

Jan'y 28th B. Stark and H. Randolph, Auditors, certify to the impossibility of 

^?]^**^^'" complying with the requirements of the Executive, ^'respecting the 

expenditures on the western waters," unless a competent clerk can be 

employed to investigate the accounts, which are so "complex and 

intricate" that an accurate statement is almost impracticable — 


Wftr Office Representing in urgent terms the necessities of Mr. Anderson, the 
superintendent of the public shops, who cannot longer continue in the 
Service of the State unless supplied with funds for his own personal 
releif ; and whose workmen are idle for want of material — ^He is fhlly 
aware of "the embarassment of Government," but his duty requires he 
should make this representation. 


Majob J. PouLSON, Com'd'o E. Shobs of Ya. to Col: Davies. 1782. 

February lat 
He has made no report since his arrival on that shore, because thiere Pungoteagae 
were no arms or anything else to equip the men drafted by Accomac ^^^c^^^^^^*^* 
and Northampton Go's. There are thirty or forty substitutes in Acco- 
mac, fhmished when the draft was opposed in that County, and a few 
deserters. As soon as he got over, he notified the County Lieutenants, 
and there was no delay in their action. The men are coming in and he 
sends Capt. Parker for Arms and clothing for them. The men who 
opposed the draft all expect to furnish substitutes, for the war. North- 
ampton Co., who first set the example, "hold a Court and Condemned 
the men " but have never had instructions how to dispose of them. It 
will be a great hardship "to pass over'' these offenders and punish 
others. But he hopes none of them will be dealt with, and wishes 
instructions on the subject. He sends Capt: Parker with the hope, that 
he may be enabled to equip the men in a Soldier like manner, and get a 
vessel to bring them over. 

The troops have been supplied by the "class beef of the County" but 
that is now exhausted — Northampton has sent none, because it was by 
order, carried on board the French Fleet. Concludes, "The People here 
are much suprised at the return of Mr. Lion, as he has taken the Pulpit 
again, without Satisfying the Publick, by whos Authority he came here." 

Ed: Bandolph, "in behalf of the Virginia Delegation," to Grov: February Ut 



The post of the present week having failed to arrive in this city on Philadelphia 

its usual day (Tuesday) and our letters not coming to hand until this 

morning (Friday) we can answer your Excellency's favor of the 17th 

instant, only by acknowledging the receipt of it. 

We have the hon'r Sir, 

to be with great respect 

yr: Excellency s mo: ob: Servts." 

Col: Gsoroe Mathews to Col: Davies. February let 

His letter of the 19th January, also one from Genl: Greene of the 27th Aui^ustaOo. 
December last, are just received — It gives him great pain that he can- "^^^^wmi „ 
not comply immediately with GonI : Greonn's orders, — Since he left Ches- 
terfield last spring he has been *' wiih caro and rigid economy endavcr- 
ing to presarve from rail want a wife and Eight helplis children '' left in 
easy circumstances when he went into the service. Last summer he 

was attacked ^'with the appearence of a fistilo which have sence termi- 



1782. nated in inward bleeding," by which his health is serionsly impaired — 
February Ist This and the desire to recuperate his fortunes had depressed him exceed- 
ingly, and he was at the point of retiring to some new country when 
his letter arrived, "and nothing but the partiallity I have for this 
character of a soldier could have recalled me from this intended happy 
retreat. He has written to Genl : Greene to expect him in April next if 
his health will permit; in the mean time Col: Posey whose ability will 
amply repay his absence and be agreeable to Genl: Greene, will march 
with the Troops. Concludes, "nothing but a desire to Justify my self 
to a man I esteem my rail friend for not marching immMiately, could 
have drawn from me so teadious relation of family afears which I know 
will give you pein." 

February Ist N. B. BURWELL Co. LlEUT., TO CoL. DaviSS. 

James City He has not been able to make the returns required by his letter of 
^' the 25th Sept: 1781, on account of the conftised State of affairs in that 
County and his long absence from home. He regrets to find upon 
investigation, that ''most all our recruits have absconded; owing in a 
great measure to the following circumstance " our draft took place on 
Tuesday the 17th of April last, & on Friday in the same week Gren'is 
Philips & Arnold entered Williamsburg & York & carried off with them 
some of the recruits & others of them through choice joined the British." 
The cloathing required have been delivered — ^A "strict enquiry shall be 
made after the recruits that have absconded.'' 

February 2d Maj: B. Claiborne* TO CoL: Daviss. 

Fredericks- Requesting him to procure and send to him his Commission "properly 
burg filled up." He thinks he "cannot be far from a Captain Lieutenancy." 

February 2d CoL: Davies TO THE GOVERNOR — 

War Office Drawing attention to the condition of the " Public Works at Warwick," 
Little or nothing is done there at present, and yet there are "ten hands 
kept there" belonging to the State, who could be hired out to advantage, 
most of them are Hope-Makers, but as the Public rope-walk is burnt, the 
proprietors of the private rope-walks near Bichmond are very anxious 
to hire these negroes and will give high wages for them. Capt: Toung 
informs him also, there are several houses in town, belonging to the 
Public, either unoccupied or used by persons who have no right to them. 
They might be rented out to advantage — ^Desires instructions on these 
two subjects. 

* His rank as Mijor, was in the Continental Q. M. Department; but was an offieer 
also In the Artillery of the Ya. Line. 



OIL or THB StATB or YlRQINIA, &0. &0 — " 

Memorial in behalf of the Siok of the British Prisoners — February 2d 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That your memorialist Doctr. Robert Smyth, Surgeon Olouoetter 
ft Director of British Hospitals in Virginia, having received intelligence 
that some medicines, sometime since forwarded from Gloucester, for the 
use of the British Prisoners in Cantonments, have been lost, the want 
of which throws them into great Distress — Your memorialist having 
been asked for a fresh supply to be forward, hopes your Excellency and 
Ck>uncil will Order such conveyance for the medicines for each Regiment, 
as you may think necessary for the relief of the British Prisoners — '' 
— also, inclosing copy of letter from John Story, acting purveyor at 
Gloucester to Dr. Rob't Smyth Ac — as follows — 


Notwithstanding repeated & pressing Applications have been made 
to the American Commissaries for a regular supply of Provisions for 
the Sick in the British Hospital at this Place, yet it has produced noth- 
ing but promises — 

For the last month they have not fbmished us with any thing, and I 
have reason to believe it will be a long time, before our necessities are 
attended to unless a proper representation is made — We have Subsisted 
by Purchase, but as there is a great difficulty in procuring money, a few 
days more will exhaust our Resourses, I have informed you of these cir- 
cumstances that your superior Judgement might point out what is 

necessaiy — 

I have the honor to be 

your humble Servant." 


Jno. Robbrtson, Sup: Com: Issubs, Statb of Ya. to thb (tovbrnor. February 8d 

Enclosing ''General Return" of all Provisions received by him and his Bicbmond 
Assistants from this State '-for Continental use, in the last year " except- 
ing those rec'd at the different Ports by the ass: Deputy Q. master, who 
make their returns to Maj: Fosyth. — A copy of those latter shall be 
gotten, when a fuU return can be forwarded to his Excellency. Begs to 
be advised how he is to procure "a necessary supply of wood and forage 
from the continent." It is impossible he can continue his Office in 
Richmond, unless he can get "something to live upon." — He has not 
drawn a stick of wood or "one grain of Forage" since he left York 
the 17 th December last, but pays ready money for both. He does not 
wiah to leave the place, without the permission of the Executive, but it 


1782. ig impossible to remain as he is. There is plenty of grain belonging to 
February 8d the ^^ specific tax'' spoiling, and yet those entitled to it, cannot get it. 
Concludes "I hope you will pardon my presumption in troubling you 
with this affair, as it don't in the least concern you, but the former 
Eepeatod testimonies of your friendship always induces me to apply to 
you when in distress. 

February 4th Col: Davies informs the Go\rcmor of the irregular conduct of the 
War Office people in taking up and slaughtering cattle belonging to the Gk>vem- 
ment. This has been done of late in Goochland Co. Desires instructions 
in regard to recovering those still in their possession. 


Fredericks- Giving as a reason why the two Cavalry-men detailed to act as 
burg Express riders at Bowling Green would not remain there, that the 
Quarter master, Capt: R. Young, reports, that the County "Com- 
missioners having ceased to act, he has "neither money or Credit to 
piu'chase" the people refusing to receive "certificates" for anything. 

February 5th M. Clabkson Asst: Seo: OP Wab TO CoL: Davibs. 

War Office Major Genl : Lincoln has gone to Massachusetts. The Southern Army, 
Philadelphia ^^ long suffering for want of clothing will soon be supplied. The 
Clothier General, being about to send fo'ward one thousand additional 
comple Suits: Congress has ordered the Commissioners, appointed to 
settle the accounts of the U. States with the States, to credit each of 
them with the amounts of clothing furnished by them respectively to 
troops of the several Lines. 

February 5th EiOHABD Gbaham to Col: DavibS. 


Dumfries Your favor of the 18th ult: covering an extract of a Letter from 

Col : Hendricks, came to hand a few days ago — 

When the French Troops came to the Southward, I was in Philadel- 
phia, & before I got home, part of them had passed this place. I was 
informed that Mr. Conn was furnishing the whole of them with our 
Specific Tax Corn, drawing from them cash at 10. S. pr: Bl: And that 
he was supplying them also with Hay, that had been impressed from 
the Gentlemen in the neighborhood for the use of the Continental 
Army. I stept over to Mr. McDaniePs where Mr. Conn Lodged to tell 
him that he ought in my opinion to return the money rec'd for the 
Com, into the Treasury & that the people who he rec'd the Hay firom 


OQgiit to hxve tbe iDODfy xnaakgiram it, but be -wms gone to Alexfindrxa, 17S2. 
ik tko* be wjtfi from time to time in Town for mb^i two or tbree weeks B^ehnwiy fitb 
«ft«r tbk, 1 did not fiee bim. I did not know bif> peroon, but in tbe 
i&emiKtime Mr. McD&niel bad told me be wab tftking up tbe CBsh be rec'd 
from time to time, to Col : HeDdnck& 

I made no doubt but tbe Col : bad particiilar directions re|!:aTding tbe 
disbnTBement of tiie moner. and tberefore gave myself no inrdier 
trouble i^Knit tbe matter. Onhr when I made tbe return of onr Sped£e 
Tax, I tiioQgbt it neoesBaiy to note tbat a qnantity of tbe Oom bad 
been deifiTered to tbe Frencb. Sinoe tbe reoeipt of your Lietter, I baT« 
made partienlBr enqmrr into 1^ matter, and notwitbstand^ig Mr. 
Ckmn^fi return of onhr Tbree Ton of Bar k mnetieen bnsbeHs cf Ooni, 
be ba&, from tbe beBt infarmataan I can obtain. JTzmisbed liie Fi^nbb ' 
Troops k ree'd Il>e moncj for upwards of Twentr Ton of Hay k mght 
bnndred or a tbonsand bnsbelk of Com. for wbiob I cannot £nd tbat 
be erer replaced one pound of Hay or a single bu^eQ of Com at ibis 
posL Mr. McBaniel tells noe that Conn set out tbree diiferent times 
from bis House, with large sums of money, wbicb be toUd bim be was 
takiiig up to CcH : Hendrieiss — And Hiat be bas seen bim reoeiTie at cue 
time upwards of one bundred €iuineas from tbe Frencb, ^ be was 
reoerring ahoosl every day for tbree or four weeks. 

One GcDtlkanasi. Mr. Gwadkins, bad Twelve Ton <af Hay tab» froia 
bim and Soild to tbe Frencb. Conn i«c'd tbe money in tbe f omm m o t cf 
Mr. Gwadkins. but would not pay bim one SbiUing of it — ^fi^neiy Drove 
of Frend beeres was fed betne witb Com k bav or botb. Tbe AjDenoaa 
Beeves were fnmisbed with nedtber. A C<Hirt of finquiry may brii^ 
all tbese matteis to ligbt. Conn bas certainly inposed upon Cd : Hoi- 
diicks most groshr — bnt I tbink tbe Oc^z is mistaken in some of bis 
obserrations. ^Tbat if tbe grvn was replaced, tbere could be no barm 
done k tbat if tbe peoples" g-oods were ox»ce taken from tbem i^ ^t into 
tbe Agent's bands, as tbej never oonld go ba^ to tbeai, it ooiold make no 
difference wbo oonsumed tbem ^ — in tbe &Bt case as tbe com was soid 
at 10. S. pr: Bl: to tbe Frvneb k could be spared, tbe money oogbt to 
bave been sent to tbe Treasoiy — because if more com bad been wanted 
at tbis posL it cc«uld l»e laid in again at a dollar pr: BL Mr Conn coold 
bare no rigbt to make M pr Ct: ly trading witb tbe Coontiy's propei^. 
in tbe Second, Tbe people conceived, and indeed knew., tbat one tbird 
or one fiiiirtb of tbe Hay impressed for tbis Post would bave serred tbe 
Continental Troops. 4 tbat tbey could bave sold tbe remaining two 
tbirds or three fourths to tbe French, tb^sselves for cftsh. tberefore tbe 
People hare no donbL just cause of complaiBt. 

I bave tbe hcH>or to be witb the greatest regard^ 


your most obedt Sevnt.^ 


1782. Jno: Pikrob to Col: Dayiis. 

Febraary 6th 
Chatham In reply to his, requesting information in regard to the Counties that 

"^"Smnty*^ have failed to flirnish "the district Beeves"— As they were to have been 
delivered when Mr. Browne was in office, he knows little about the 
matter except that his own County had supplied some — ^New Kent and 
Charles City had given "not a single beef" — Indeed so few counties 
have furnished their full quota, that were they collected, G^enl: Green's 
Army might be fed for some months. It gives him great concern that 
Grenl : Green is in such need of provisions, and alltho' he considers him- 
self out of office, and if the condition of his family will allow it, he will 
be in Richmond by the 15th Feb'y and will perform any service required 
of him. Concludes "My family are now under innoculation for the 
Small pox, which has spread entirely over the neighborhood, & but few 
recover who take it in the natural way." 

February 6th QoY: Alix: Mabtin OF N. Cabolina to Govebnob Habbison of Ya. 

Qoilford Enclosing his Proclamation, making provision for the arrest of certain 
plunderers who had been carrying off the negroes and other property 
of Citizens of N. Carolina, into Virginia and other States, and selling 
them. Ordering the Commissioners of Confiscated Estates to use their 
endeavors in seizing all such stolen property, to be held until the proper 
owners shall be found &c. 

Febraary 7th Chas: Bussell D. Q. Masteb to Gk)V: Habbison. 

Hanchetter The Continental horses are starving; they have been supported for 
the last ten days on what forage he "could purchase for two old Conti- 
nental waggons sold for that article." The only mode of supplying 
them, will be by collecting the grain, the inhabitants of the adjacent 
counties have to pay "for each poll." 

By a letter reed : fVom Mr. Bonald of Powhatan, he finds there will be 
no chance of collecting anything in that part of the Countxy, in as 
. much as the wants of five or six hundred Starving men at Cumberland 
old Ct. House, have consumed all the people can spare. Mr. Bonald 
recommends however, that the Law of the last Session of the Assembly 
"laying a tax of half a Bushel of Wheat or one Bushel of Com pr: 
poll" passed at the urgent request of Colo. Carrington, may yield a 
large quantity of forage, should the Grov: & Council issue an order for 
its immediate execution, especially as it was the intention of the Legis- 
lature, by this act, to supply the Quarter master's Department. He 
therefore recommends this step; but if this plan should Ml, Mr. Bonald 


appeal to the people of his county, and adds "Should there be at 1782. 
any time waggons going to the Southern Army thro* this County which Febniary 7th 
cannot be supplied in any other manner, I shall not hesitate to pledge 
nqr private Credit to prevent the Armys* Suffering. 

Capt: Edmund Bsad, Y. L. Dragoons to Qoy: Habrison. FebraaryTth 

In accordance with the Orders of november last, he, as soon as the Bedford Oo. 
men had recovered from the Small pox at Winchester, had marched the ^^ I^oadon 
Corpa to this place, where he arrived two days before. He found no 
supplies of any sort for the men or horses laid up, and but for the aid 
of '^Bome of the principal gentlemen" in the county they should have 
starved. Begs that orders be given to the Commissioners of the 
Counties, as soon as they are appointed, to collect the grain. Unless 
this is done or some other aid given, his men must be disbanded. Their 
^extreme nakedness and want of accoutrements" make it impossible 
for them to take the field if called upon. He again appeals to his 
Excellency for aid, being "without one Shilling to purchis necessarys 
for the Coar or no power to Impress" — also enclosed, a letter from Capt: 
Bead to Col Davies^ repeating the substance of the above, but adding 
^I'm inTd there is some Bugel Horns, stored with the Q. M. taken 
at York, we are much in want of them for the use of the Coar, please 
give an order for them to the Dragoon &c" 

Col: Christian Fbbioxb to Grov: Harbison. February 7th 


being well convinc'd that in the present distracted state of our pub- 
lic Affairs, your Excellency's whole Attention must be taken up in pub- 
lick Business, has induced me hitherto to make my several Applications 
to Grovemment through the Commissioner of War, and have to return 
my Thanks to your Excellency for your attention to the Distresses of 
the troope. As soon as a few stores which Col: Posey has procured in 
Richmond arrive here, the Detachment now here will march to join 
Gleneral Greene." 

He is requested by the Officers at the Station, or of the Line, to ask 
his Excellency to appoint some one to proceed to Philadelphia to pro- 
cure ''Copys of the different Pay, and other Accounts of the Officers,*^ 
it being impossible for them to make a final settlement with the Audi- 
tOTBy as required by Act of the last Assembly, without them. 

For want of money and other reasons, they cannot procure them 

themselves. Some Officer of the Line would be the proper person, and 

he recommends therefore Capt: liayo Carrington of the 5th Ya. Bgt: 

now a prisoner on parole as a fit person, unless it be inconsistent with 

lua duty. As soon as the Detachment has marched, he will foward a full 

mtun of its strength &c. 


1782. Duplet Dioen to Gov: Habeiboit. 

February 8th 

Kio^'i Mill Enclosing an satogrmph letter of the Count de Boehambeau, and Copy 

of the Duke de Choisj's note in regard to the robbery of "Mary HarriB 

a poor woman of Cloacester Co., said to have been conunitted by *' hoz- 

zars of the Doke de Lanzons' Legion " Ac. 

The articles taken embraced all her hoosehold fhmitore including 
feather beds, rug, cotton, wool Dutch-OTen, pewter plates. Scales, Grid- 
Lron, spinning wheel, Iron Pot-racks, flag chaira, Iron Hominy Pestle, 
candle mould, narrow Ax, Hour-GIass Ac Ac — amounting in yalae, to 
£21. lOs. 3d. allowed by the Count de Bochambeau. 

Mr. Digges has at last collected almost all the accounts from Individ- 
uals, of damages done by the French and Contmental troops, and will 
in a few days, with the ^'French Intendant" enter upon their examina- 
tion. The extreme ignorance of the people in r^ard to their loBses will 
prevent their getting satis&ction ; tho' they are better off than the 
holders of certificates who are put off by the French, under the fiUse 
impression that his duty will require of him the settlement or payment 
of them. 

FebroArySUi James Hughes, a Befugee, confined in the Public Jail, petitions the 
Blchmond Executiye for baU, he having "got badly frost-bitten'* by lying in such 
<*an extreme cold place" Ac 

FebmarySUi CoL: L. WoOD Jnb: to THS Govxenob. 

EUaorer Co. In regard to the "accounts respecting the niinois A Kentuckey." 
They are so confused, and intermingled with others, that the diificulty 
of stating them correctly is almost inexpressible. He had made this 
report to the Hon: Messrs Jamerson and Ambler, in his answer to the 
order of the Council when Grenl : Nelson was 6rovemor. But he will 
undertake to perform the duty, especially as he knows that the Auditors 
being strangers to the transactions with " the most Expert Clerk," would 
meet with insurmountable difficulties. He will be in Bichmond as soon 
as his son recovers from the Small pox, and endeavor to give the Coun- 
cil the requisite information. 

Febmary 8th Parole of William Calderhead, merchant, subject of his Brittanic 
Chesterfield magisty, prisoner of War taken at York Town; to the Governor of 
Virginia obliging him to remain at Mr. Neil Buchanan's house, or within 
five miles thereof— not to give any information to enemies ot the U. S« 
of America, not to engage in any commercial transaction, or do any- 
thing prejudicial to this or any other State of the Union, — This Parole 
not a release from the obligations of any other one taken Ao — until 
exchanged or otherwise discharged — 


Col: DavioB encloses to the Executive, "estimate'* of articles wanted 1782. 
for Col: Posey's troops, officers and men; viz: "10 coats, 20 pr: Shoes, FebroaryMi 
100 blankets, 200 woollen over-alls, 8 Officers hatts, 2 hhds: Bum, 200 War Office 
lbs: tea, 300 lbs coffee, and 200 lbs: Sugar." 

J. Ebmp to thb GrOVERNOR. FebromryMi 

In reerard to the cloathing due Mr. Granville Smith and himself under Richmond 
certificate of Mr. Armstead. This gentleman being now "superceded as 
Agent," insists that he can take no further steps towards complying 
with the Order. 

Col : Davies desires to be informed by the Executive whether the con- Feb'y 10th 

tract with Mr. Anderson, in charge of the public shops, shall be renewed War Office 
as his year expired two days ago. nails much wanting but there is no 
nail-rod in any of the departments, and unless it can be procured, it will 
be unnecessary to employ the " lads mentioned in the agreement." En- 
closes correspondence in regard to Col: Hendricks, and Mr. Graham 
respecting the conduct of a certain Mr. Conn, in impressing iVom the 
people and selling the Articles to the French. 

Geo : D. Smith to the Governor. Feb'y 10th 

He has received the appointment as Commissioner, to enquire into Hanover Co. 
and settle the disbursements, accounts, &c of public money in the wes- 
tern County, in place of Colo: Preston resigned, and his letter fixing 
the time for the meeting of the Commissioners. In March next, he 
expects to go to Botetourt, when he will confer with Coir: Fleming, as 
to the most expeditious method of executing the several orders, under 
this Commission. 

Genl: Danl: Morgan to Governor of Ya. Feb'y lOth 


I enclose you a letter^ from John Clapool of Hampshire County to Winchester 
me, desiring me to solicit your Excellency's clemency and forgiveness for 
offences which your excellency no doubt have been informed of. He 
was to have headed that body of Tories along the Fronteers of this 
State, who had conspired and assembled to oppose the Laws, and who 
appeared to me at that time to be a dangerous body, as the enemy was 
then penetrating the country— -on my raising a body of men and going 
against them he gave himself up to the laws of his country — after read- 
ing his letter to me, your Excellency will better judge of contrition. I 

* Not found. 



1782. think him truly penitent. I never saw the man, bat have inform 
Feb'y 10th myself of his former character as well as of his condact since his resig- 
nation to the Laws of his Country, which in both cases have been uni- 
form and good. And altho' he is condemned in his County for a flirther 
trial, his crimes are only similar to those men in Augusta county who 
opposed the laws and prevented the draught, except his being a leading 
man in the Section. 

I can truly say this is the first time I ever spoke in favour of a Tory, 
or ever wished their lives spared them — but Humanity as well as policy 
urges mo to say something in favour of Clapool, and wish he may obtain 
forgiveness. In the first place he has a wife and fourteen children 
<;hiefly small, and dependent on him for subsistence. In the next place 
I think he may be depended on, and sure to prevent another revolt, 
which the people of that place for many years will incline to, as they 
are ignorant of their duty, fond of changes and withal encouraged & 
favoured by the situation of the place They live in, which is composed 
of deep valies and inaccessible mountains, which serves to favour their 
escape when pursued, in the third place his being forgiven would be a 
means of bringing in numbers of out Lyers, who are afraid to come, for 
fear of being punished — numbers of deserters from the Army with them. 

I have the Honor to be 
your obt. & hbl Servt 

Feb'yllth CoL: James Innis to Gov: Harrison. 


Bichmond During the late Campaign in this State, while the british Army was 

in possession of Williamsburg I was sollicited by the Migor-General 
Marquis La Fayette, on acc't of my acquaintance with the Inhabitants 
of that City and its vicinage, to use my efforts to establish a line of 
Intelligence with the british Army, both on the North and South sides 
of York River. To enable me to Effectuate This object with the more 
certainty, the Marquis directed me to promise a premium of ten guineas 
to those persons, whom I might employ, provided they could give 
indubitable proofe of their having been in the british Encampment, and 
greater rewards, should they bring material Information. I was happy 
enough to make such arrangements as answered the General's wished. 
The persons whom I engaged as Intelligencers on the South side of 
York River were, I have been told, compensated by the Marquis for 
their toils and Hazards. But those on the Gloster side, from whom 
very material service were derived, having no access, to the Marquis, 
demand of me a performance of my promises — to which as the Marquis 
has now left the Continent, I shall be compelled, unless yr: Excelieney 
may suppose that I ought to be releived by the Interference of the 
State. The sum for which I stand liable, does not exceed twenty five 


Guineas — a part of which is due for provisions fiimished to those per- 1782. 
sons whom I sent to Williamshurg, under the pretext of carrying Feb'y 11th 
soj^lies to market This Sum, tho' inconsiderable will be material to 
me, who must pay it, without the prospect of a Beimbursement 

I have the honor to be very respectfully, your Excellency's 

most obedient Servant" 

BicHARD Takbobouqh TO HoN: St. George Tucker, Esq, Richmond^ Feb'yllth 

As he had been kind enough to promise to see that his "business with Dinwiddle 
the Executive " should shortly be attended to, he makes the following 
statement — ^upon the Arrival of the French Fleet, he was notified by 
all the authorities of the urgent necessity of obtaining supplies, and that 
unless this was done the troops must starve. On this account he had made 
every possible exertion — ^had under instructions from Col: Banister bor- 
rowed large amounts. — These are now due, on this account eight hun- 
dred bushels of com, for want of which the lenders are this moment 
suffering greatly, and he prays for an Order from the Executive, to 
enable him to replace it. In addition to this he desires to receive his pay 
for extra services arranged — From September, he supplied from that 
County "368 Beeves, 145798 pounds flour 21100 lbs. of bread, 7364 

Bushels of Com, 826 Bush: Oats, 635 lb Bacon, 3712 gallons 

382 bushels Salt, & 20324 lbs Seconds" chiefly at the niost critical time, 
as Mr. Pierce can testify — He was also Mr. Pierce's assistant in Amelia 
k Prince George Cos. and indeed used every exertion in his power to 
procure supplies for the army, knowing that a failure in this respect 
would be fatal in its consequences. Lastly he was directed by the Com'r 
of War under order of Council, to collect all estray horses and Cattle 
left by the British &c., and he sent to Capt : Young at Eichmond, about 
sixty horses, some of which were very valuable. Under these circum- 
stances he trusts such allowance may be made, as will reward him for 
his Services. 

Bobert Porterfield encloses to the Governor "various Certificates" of Feb'y 11th 
money due the estate of his deceased brother the late Lieut: Col: Charles Henrico Co. 
Poterfield, requesting his Excellency to inform him how they are to be 
settled. Begs leave to mention also, that previous to his brother's death 
and while he was a prisoner at Camden, "considerable sums of money" 
were advanced to him by gentlemen, for which he is now responsible, 
and he therefore requests, that in order to enable him to pay these 
amoonts, a '^ Certificate for pay," due his brother's Estate, as an ofiScer, 
may be issued, similar to those granted to officers allowing two years 
pay, under a late Act of assembly. He dislikes to be troublesome, but 


1782. the probabilty of his soon going into Active service urges the necessity 
Feb'y 11th of this business being settled, especially as the heirs of his brother are 
much in need of it. Calls attention also to Gov : Jefferson's warrant to 
Gonl : Scott for a Camp-bedstead, which requires his Excellency's ap- 
proval, to prevent any future dispute. His illness prevents his ''waiting 
on his Excellency in person.'' 

Capt: Samuel Jones will hand this, and receive any communication 
from his Excellency. 

Feb'yllth Ben J: Harrison to Col: Davibs (autograph). 


There are some copies in the treasury which may be made use of to 
pay for bringing the Cartuch Boxes from Maryland" 

Feb'y 11th Col: Davies informs the Governor, that in accordance with his direc- 
WarOffioe tions, an inventory of "Mr. Armstead's public goods" has been made, 
and almost everything sold or bartered, to be applied to the purchase of 
blankets and over-alls for the troops at Cumberland. 

Feb'y 12ih Genl: Alex: Spotswood to Gov: Harrison. 

Finding it impossible to recruit any more men into the State Legion, 
raised by authority of the Assembly, in March 1781, unless the bounty 
is paid up, he has ordered the Commanders of the several corps to *^n- 
dezvous their Recruits" in Richmond on the 20th April, when their ser- 
vice begins. From the returns of the Ist Legion, it consists of " 270 
Infantry & 16 Cavalry." He has had no official return from Col: Mead, 
in regard to the strength of his Corps, but from verbal reports of the 
Officers, they have between three and four hundred. He gives this in- 
formation, in order that provisions may be supplied for them. 

Feb'yi2th JoHN Harmanson to Col: Davies. 

Nortbamp- The Volunteer Troop of the County has been of great expence to the 
ton Co. people on account of the rapid depreciation of the paper money, and 
those who have boarded them roust lose greatly thereby unless their 
acc't be allowed to be paid out of the Specific Taxes, at specie rates. 
The cost of the gun-powder used may appear great, but " when I inform 
you it was necessary to keep 2 cannon at the Court house (the center of 
the County) for the purpose of alarming the Inhabit's to join the Troop 
upon the approach of the Enemy, which happen'd alm'st daily) it will 
not be thought surprising, even had they have used more." 

CjLL£3^A]K or 5TATE PAPKKl ^ 

Sbc^ CfiBdvA IB <vr yvour smb VMrii$ |«iKhc j^pfiibwKt. I 
wbM wiA liMy cicw'd he iJk>'«reid t^ ^M^tnstiMManr pi^ J^ 
BflXacHiB ja»d be cxHopt tram faxmrt I>nnglitiw This SIkvml if piv> l« tiN L 
m SB ofcyeet «f ihe vamom. vmperUM» to tli» ^uoe. «mI tli^ ^^iMe <tf 
Msrrkiid. cm Aoa. cf tike d ii i uuu t Inlets and HartiMii^ <mi tlie $«b 

ILajob Jon ¥a£ie«t io Col: Datik^ f^>r IMi 

Girnig bb ttbuhh. why be sbonld be excosdd for WA uttteadinj^ tW L »» i» T^mmh 
Gomt of £Dq[iiiiy ordered to meiei on tbe 5tb Pebroaiy lasl^ tbiil his 
order vns just reeeired. eigbt dmys aft^- tW dmy Ibr the ^ntting of tbe 
ConrL He is mlwajs reftdj and annoas to obey any eommands be mi^ 
reedre, bat being tbe only Field Officer in tbe nei^bborbood. will no% 
attend nnksB required. Add« in post script — ^^Tbaer is A good manny 
IXesarCorB of IMffirand R^'t in mein NeigbBoar Hood, if you 1>an6k 
{HToper to Suid Me proper attorritby I well Bxart mine Self to bare 
tbam apprebandatb," 

The Exncunrs to Ck)L: Abthub Campekll, Washikgton CVk V^^ IM 

Your Letter of tbe 3d Jan'y witb tbe Incloeures came to hand la OoiiiieU 
yesterday. If it was conformable to the inteDtions either of the Legis- 
lature or the Executive to carry on offensive operations against the 
Indians, which is very far from being the case, at this time, an being 
totally withoat money would effectually put it out of our power. The 
Executive, therefore recommend to the Citisens of our Frontiers to use 
every means in their power*for preserving a good understanding with 
the Savage Tribes, and to strike no blow, until compelled by necessity/* 

J. Madison Jnr: Edm'd Randolph and Jos: Jonis, Dblxqatss in Ftb^y 16th 

CoNORSss, TO Gov: of Yirginia. 

" We have your favor of the 2d with the inclosures — those for Uons: PblUdtlphls 
Mazzei shall be delivered to the minister of foreign affairs, with request 
to foward them in the manner desired. 

Although General Greenes' information of the number of men expec- 
ted to reinforce Grenl: Lesley at Charles Town may be exaggerated, yet 
it cannot be doubted the Enemy intend to prosecute the enHuing 0am- Thttntmy to 
paign with all the vigor in their power, and should considerable rein- Srar^llropl*'* 
fbrcements get to Charles Town before Genl : Greene Is properly sup* ouily 



rtqmmkmM, ve are Ml m Iom to ksaw k^m ikr it voald be neoeawy to 
AMmUttfi tiie t«mt ^ iht ^apptj bdv taflad iar. to cuufale ike State to 
^uurgt it ifi Miet. wrtk ibe Uaited Ststai. la pert of tke qaolA of the 

The Cbrr: Lucrae kee FBOcirod iatciiigcMe frcne tke W. ladiM, 
riMTS ttt ^^"'^ ^*^ Cwua 4e Greeif with the iBoet wider Jua co—eiid, Md a large 
Wfit ImAm Uf&f of Tioofa ecuaawnded bj tJM; Goreraor of Maitiaiqae, had ioTee- 
tod the Uead of St. Kitu, landed the Troope on the 7th of laet aionth, 
and ia tea daji aabdoed the vhole Uand, czeept the Fortzav oo bnm- 
gumB HiUL lo which place part of tbe British troope aiid eooM aiilitia 
had reCirBd— tlial xhM place wae ckadj iareeted, mad it wae thought 
could DOt k«g wititftand the l<»t:« of the ■mnilinte — about one hundred 
laerehaiit ehipe and reaeells with a lai^ qnaatitj of naTal aad militaiy 
etoree bad ftDea into the Coont'e handft — that Adml Hood with liioe- 
taeo Sail of the fine, la j at Barbadoee. but hearing of the Count's moTO- 
Bi«Dla bad qntted that f^aoe and gone to Antigtia 

Mr. BaiMM^ intends diortlj to — Tifgiaiay by him we will 
eodearoar to eend the joomals joa wrote fer, aad also the cypher eo 
long proodeed. 

We are with great reqieet fe. 
yr: obed: hnm: Senrta** 

f^^ liik W. AaMSTKAD TO THx Kx a c L t iva . 


Upon the rising of the last Session of Assembly, obeenring that 
tbej bad directed the dismission of Qoaiter masters A Commissaries of 
every denomination, I expected daUy to be favoored by yoor Bxoellenflj 
with my discharge, ae being the authority under which I reoeiTed my 
appointment: this not baring taken place, I must have been mistaken 
in my apprehensioD of that Law. At present the public Store is almost 
destitnte of every necessary supply for the army, without even a pros- 
pect of be;ng replenished from any quarter that I know of. the expense 
to the State, of keeping up such an establishment is very oonsiden^e A 
perbape affords but little couTeniency, as there are Clothiers A sub- 
dothiers besides, to whom the materials for clothing the Army, should 

"zbBinx&s ow searfit rw^jsMtk 


J -^H*. 

r 3: ^ 

TV *vOv: HAMMrtiWk 

yutt. 3»r» :>»|Ncwkiiit4M low » k»iM^»tta >4MMik: 

It iti^ :tilk^ U'Hil ^Ites I UiA.Vv wiML WW 

<ir 6fa» EsMmtY. :Hia min miMii ut^ii:^ U* ii^>M«^ >iiMttc vm' iiiw 
fmhOiiiZjBmAtaan^maoadY ^MWK^hmn ^mJt^* cMOAii^ Um (luUiv: |mvv^^v^v 
mrwamlmeEmsmt^:«dXB:uplUtt^^ia!li^biUi^i^^ 1%imli4^vmiU li^v^j^iA^u^^Ji 

ami «q;fKiM«.' oMacll Wtw^ ilttit|N^V4M^^ U^«m^ w^v Iv^^%>a; 

It. Goth! G^hI^ ^roai wluni <K»^«\>Mk ;^)iv ^Mmi^ ^v^^m ^v^ W 
derived? Is it imairiMd lluit iW IIimmh-««^ Iom^ \k^ \i^\i^\ ^ K\%^\tK\s^i 
that the mp^oiotmem of Ihal oik^Mr wii* l\^ rit Ik^ ^l^^K^ v4 k^M ^\^vUv^ 
troable k ezpeaee? thai il was lo riM^viik m^iiMivis AexunVi (H«iH^vt ^ »V\|^ 
plying the puhlic treaeoiy? 


1782. Compared with oar immence expenses, of what moment is the pittance 

Feb'y 16th of hard money received from France? And what will suffice to defray 
these expenses, but heavy taxes promptly levied & faithfully collected 
by the Several States? Yet how Slack are all the Governments in levy- 
ing & enforcing the collection of the public taxes. I am this day 
informed by a letter from Philadelphia that (Pennsylvania excepted) 
the Financier has received no aid of cash from any State in the Union ! " 

You are rightly informed (I myself mentioned it to you) that prompt 
paiments are made for some services & supplies in Pennsylvania and 
other States at the northward ; but the monies or Government securi- 
ties requisite for this purpose have been furnished by the individual 
States, when such payments have been made, Pennsylvania excepted, 
which has (as I understand,) committed to Mr. Morris the direction of 
its finances. But the monies thus furnished by individual States have 
been very inadequate to the paiment of the debts contracted by my 
Deputies, all of whom are largely in arrears. Knowing how very little 
money came into the Continental Treasury, I have not expected to sup- 
ply Deputies from thence, but that the individual States would generally 
furnish the means of supplying the business of the department within 
them respectively. How could I expect it, when I have been so ill 8up> 
plied myself, that for some months together, I have not had public 
money enough to send off an Express. Even if the money promptly 
paid in Pennsylvania a very large proportion was expended in the pur- 
chase & transportation of Stores for the Southern Service.*' 

''After describing your other embarrassments, you ask me to advise 
you in what manner to proceed — If Sir, your Grovernment is determined 
no longer to yield its Aid for the support of the Public business in the 
State, the consequence is very obvious — it must fail, and the Quarter 
masters Department then be disolved: for I cannot encourage you to 
expect relief from the Continental Treasury. 

The evils you describe, and seem to think peculiar to your State, 
exist everywhere; except that of the Government's refusing to yield 
any assistance to enable the public Officers acting within its own limits 
to accomplish the most essential duties required of them — you indeed 
appear suspicious that I am insensible to your distresses, notwithstanding 
your repeated representations of them : but Sir, the suspicion is inju- 
rious. It has never been possible to obtain from the public Treasury 
the means of relieving you. The business of my department at all the 
Posts in this State (New York) and in Jersey, when the Enemy has 
been there, has been effected almost wholly by persuation & impresses. 
The monies that have been paid for such extensive services and supplies 
are comparatively but as the dust of the hallance : nor have I now the 
least prospect of paying for them. The scantiness of the public ftrnds 
render it impossible for the financier to look back ; if he shall struggle 
through current difficulties he will deserve great applause: but this be 


cir.fTvi'jjB. *:»€ ^irjLirs ?•Ar^fli^ ijg.. 

grow apprebeitfiTe rf I^njw-. SlKvs^i ywa lii-^ck |x?\>|vr u^ ;iKhMil \Mr 
the usual gmni lor tike Id^clihue: >Aft$iMh. 1 w«M Iv ^^ml \>ii' yvmr ;i^>|^v\^v 
tHHi to post some at Elk RiTer oa iW R<m«^T« «;:> ihey ^iU «iHMrv 
effectaallj coTer the frontier cf thH iVvniT ml tittt |4akN\ iKaxi IWy 
can posaMj do at the formter pci«t;$v a^^ it It» at iIh^ K$talM>^^fa^ ei^^lir 
mOes from this place k Right in the Rcttd otf the Indiana 1 am ^all^Uled 
twenty men will Render more serrice there, than dll^y ha!» f\Mnn«»rly 
done at different poets in the Internal partis: and with leas e^|voiieew 
These could be Readilv enirft^^Mi for six months for a small B^muuv and 
would save much expenee and TrvHible in draughting A Replaeiug 
militia every Two months, which ha< been the method we have formerly 
been obliged to observe. I have al:90 been much solioiUHl to Imploro 
your Excellency on this head by a number of pe^^plo who ft^nuorly 
Lived on the Eennaway and has been Drove from there since the com- 
mencement of the present war, and are now desirous of returning, if a * 
guard of Twenty men arc allowctl them." 

* ;► # ♦ ** Should your KxcoUenoy think 

proper to approve of this plan, I hope to be Informed by the {H'r^on 
who will hand you this. 1 have the Honor to bo 

your most ObedU 

llumbr Sorv'f* 

Col: Davies informs the Executive, that, the authority of the ('ommiH- Y^h'y Ifllh 
sioners of provisions in the DistrictR having expired, there is no one to WArOAoo 
collect and distribute "public beeves" scattered over parts of some of 
the Counties. The Troops are entirely without food, altho* there is an 




1782. abuiidaDce id the couDtry, and unless soon supplied ^nmst disperse." 

Feb'y I6ib Cattle in remote quarters should be sold, and othere parchased at more 

convenient locations. The ^' guards in this town have not a morsel of 

meat' He will execute promptly any directions the Executive sbaH 


Feb»y 16tJh 

W. Armstxad to the GovxRHoa. 

RiciimoDd The Assembly at its last session having ordered the dismission of all 
Quart'Cr masters and Commissaries, he has been expecting his discharge 
by tho Council, from whom he derived his appointment of Commissary 
of Stores." At present the Public Store is "almost destitute of every 
necessary Supply for the Army," and he sees therefore no reason why 
the State should be put to the expense of keeping it up. The Clothiers 
can as well attend to this business. In addition to this, all the accounts 
of the Officers of the Virginia Line are to be ^^ finally settled by the 
Auditors." in this, all the Clothing issued by himself and others during 
the war must be accounted for, in order that the Auditors may exhibit 
proper accounts against those Officers who apply for a settlement 
Under these circumstances he takes the liberty to suggest that his Office 
be at once discontinued, so that he may have time to give attention to 
the settlement of his accounts, running through so many years, and em- 
bracing such varity of business as has fallen to his lot — 

Feb'y 17th 


N. C. 

Wm. R Davie, S. A. to Gov'b Ha&rison. 


I am informed, though not officially, that a considerable body of 
Militia are to march soon from your State to the So. Army, as our 
posts in this State are not always prepared for the Reception of a largo 
Body of Troops, I wish to be informed what time they will be put in 
motion, what route they will march & their numbers, that proper pro- 
vision may be made for them through the State. This is a work of some 
time & labour in this drained and exhausted Country: and I hope your 
Excellency will always foward me Timely Information on Similar occa- 

I have the Honor to bo 
yours Excellency's most obt." 


J as: Lk Tkllier "Secretary Interpreter of the French army'* to the 1782. 

Executive. p^l,,^ i^^j, 

Enclosing the claim of Gary Wilkinson, Agent for John Paradise, for Williams- 
cost of wood cut from the Estate of said Paradise, against "M. De TarPs ^^^ 
Intendant of the French Army " — Wilkinson had been manager for Hon. 
Phil : Ludwell, from whom Paradise had purchased the property on 
which the wood was cut. The justice of the claim substantiated by cer- 
tificates of Citizens, and Adam Craig, Dep: Acting Auditor, that Para- 
dise, was neither a refugee or British Subject, as charged: and that the 
damages had really been done by the French. 

Col: Thomas Posey to Col: Da vies. Pob*y 17th 

" Dr Colr. 

On the 14th late in the day, we set out from C. O. C. H. — I Prince 
was under some apprehentions a little before our march, that the men ^^^^""^ ^^• 
would prove refractory, for which reason the whole of the Officers put 
themselves in readiness for action; upon which the men seeing a deter- 
mined and steady carriage among the officers, they declined puting into 
execution their concerted scheme. On the 16th in the evening, we 
reached this place, where I have been under the necessity of arranging 
(not in a small degree) my little Detachment, and dealing out the stores 
which government has sent: the whole of which I have distributed 
among the Soldiers, except about one hundred gallons of rum, and a few 
blankets issued to the officers, on acct : of which shall herewith be trans- 
mitted, as also an acct of the issues to the men. 

I have made out and enclosed exact returns of the whole of the De- 
tachment as I rec*d it from Colr. Febiger, as also a state which each 
Comply was in, as to cloathing and Camp equipage. I shall be obliged 
to you to let His Excellency Gov : Harrison see my letter and returns. 
I shall think it my duty to correspond with him from time to time. 
To-morrow-morning early I set out upon my march, and am in hopes I 
shall bo able march every man to Genl: Green's Camp — I forgot to in- 
form you, that the night we first march'd, six of our most worthless 
men deserted, since which two have come up." * * 

♦ * "Our Teams which are seven are so low in flesh and 

such indifferent horses, that I am really apprehensive thoy will not be 
able to carry the baggage of the Detachment far." 

I am, with respect and Esteem Dear Col : 

Yours affectionately " 


1782. George Rogers Clarke to the Governor of Yiro'a. 

Feb'y 18th "Sir 

Lincoln Yours* by Maj'r Crittenden of the 20th of December came safe to 

HeiS^""^^"" ^*"^* ^^^ repeated disappointments I have met with from Government 
Quarters occasion me to Enter on the business you propose with some Regret, 
M^uon's Q^^ shall lay aside every Reflection and commence anew. But in what 
manner to conduct myself I am Realy at a loss to determine, without 
either money or credit. And the sailable public property I have on 
hand such, that I cannot spare without a probability of geting it Re- 
placed, which I do not yet discover. We are Reduced to the necessity 
of a defensive war, and wish to be able to Repel those I expect we shall 
have to contend with. If we are fortunate this spring, a Small Rein- 
forcement and a few supplies may Enable us perhaps to turn the scale 
on them after harvest — The Post of Licking will be Immediately Estab- 
lished, and the others as soon as circumstances will admit — The plan of 
Gun-Boats is Excellent. They may be built, But cannot be put in 
motion until we Receive Cannon Riging &c. I have wrote to Col: Davis 
(Davies) on the subject, and think they may Come to hand early in the 
spring. Pray give me all the Immediate assistance in your power. 
Hostilities have already commenced, and I wish the predictions in my 
last to you, may not come to pass. This year you may Rely on it that 
Every Exertion will be made, and hope such as will answer the purpose, 
but our Circumstances at present are such that its Impossible to give a 
Just Idea of what will be done. By a continual correspondence with 
some nations of the OubuHh Indians, and from them to others, circula- 
ting such Intelligence through them, we thought most advisable to keep 
the whole silent until lately. But I doubt no attempts for the fUture will 
be of any service. The Garrison of St. Vincent is Evacuated, except a few 
spys. Residing at that post, Raskaskas, Cohas &c, for the purpose of 
Intelligence, perhaps they may answer a good purj^ose, as I learn Ham- 
ilton & Connely is at Detroit, and make no doubt but they will attempt 
something of Importance. Colo: Davis (Davies) flaters mo with the 
hopes of all the State Infantry. I don't think they could be beter em- 
ploy'd than in this Departm't. 

I am satisfy'd concerning the Verbal message alluded to in yours, 
finding that it was aimed at me. I wish those who see the Resolution 
may not think so, as its known that most publick transactions in the 
Western Departm't pas'd thro' my hands. Such an idea must be pain- 
ful to me well knowiiig the Exertions I have us'd to save the publick 
monies. Abuses have taken place. And I ardently wish for the arrival 
of Auditoi's to adjust the accounts. Ft may be of great advantage to uh 
in our future operations. Examples are much wanting — which would 
have taken place before this time had I not put the Construction I did 
on the Resolution. What hurt nie was the idea I had of its being ho 
pointed. Not but what I think it the duty of government to call all 

ytmr- jumwHtM Zia -wmei . jkaait*ja».r lOic < V . -ftM»£ fm»lp. >hiiim -9,^^ x ^«ih1 \ 
B^maki iraoBtaiilT u ktsnc^v: tB«xrur«'««iii«. twin rnnw ^i*!** ^«4i?«i n^f<i >i iM i T i>K 
ar- n Tfmr itimeez 

* Tilt A^tnembiT ^inu um 4inr» ti^u>k; ri<«i«;/llni^i. % IIainii #<> 1 %MnH«m 
niliimu*!; xiit IdLU fiiwT trtii: ^Ki^i^u. Uihi i ^mtUi |«r«v%im Mu mynlAi; ^"^ 

wiiicL «r c maiist- nin. ftmw ai li^ TuUu^.A htu: f*XMi 01. CU\\ «lolii^ NniWb 
CO FTtftderiek 6l lluinr F. Vilii^ tr- fix ttu- ]»rMH' ai it I4^t**<^ ih<» iVi^l 
vAiaad luicl liit* iiTti}in(\uiT wuiitAC u^ disfvnBM- ni him. Ihm nii n^x TH^4i)rri 

<tf Hit ]frr»(inrriiii; iitiii. unci liii- mnnc^' Rtoii Si* M|p|^liA4i^ U hIihII N- 4l<%fH« 
TIh- <Teiil: H^ iij rfitoi wuTH id ai Bnnv: 

m^ obi. H hi Soi^ri^f i4. ' 

BViiH Rose to irOT: l^ARHtMVK ^jy^^ ^^ 


Your ProciamjUicyn roquiriiur t^ «f^Toh<HT»^i«\n <A iho Uvilivi)^ XfA>v««t«^ iv 
Pri«)ncrs came lately u> hand; Since 'nhirh umK^ \ haw vn>i hail a*> 
opportanity of comnmnicaiiiu^ 10 ^N>ur Kv<vl]^»Ky iW iMloain^^ ^M a 
few of those Pectfile now in this iViinty^ A ihoTv^>»v hax-v w^w a« »H 
executed your orders i^riiinst iheni; not d^M^biintr thai nhow x-^mi xxviv 


17^. IntormcH that -m rkr fmm bmne; a ijreat Pnsjodieft Jk A imoyiiCB of tbs 
f^'^V/ iOth ^'!t)»»na it an Injury tn the Comincmweaith. tfaey are aohor weil die- 
po^M men, vaiimhlf^ artixsuM <fe highly agroembie to the People, that 
yonr RxoeUency wonW not ahjeet to xnuit them a Parmit to remain in 
the Connty until called ^r to he ezchenged: the j^rernXBr pmrv ai them 
are Pnw>nem m«iie the r^ow-penn. who with the permianon of Governor 
JefferBfon remHed in thiR County tVom the 20th of leet Feby. until the 
f'f^rt^A ^vm fyHard at Jamen Town : tinrtng whic!h time they fiHinii Con- 
ne#^ion(9 by marriage and otherway^t which rendered their Betnm to 
their i^veral Corpn «90 extremely diftagrseahie, that I am convineed had tHir 
r^awfY permitted their Deniaation. they wood mowtchear&Oy have become 
li^ood <t fait.hf^il .Hnbjeetri to this Commoo-weaith. bat the case being 
<X;h<^,rwine <% Retaliation npon that !»eore inadmisAahie. they w«% ex- 
<^bansred, wmre r^aptnred at Tork M aa soon an opportonity oilbrd maiie 
their m/'^w^ to thin Coonty Jk immediately as apon the ibrmer oceason 
applied to aie ftyr Protection, which £ reaiiily granted, antlil I conM 
prrrenre^ a permit from the Execotive: thin I expecte«i very :§hortly 
s^hortly to have obtained, aa I waa to i^et ont tor Richmond in a few 
f>ay.«; b^ nnloekily I arrived there dnring the inter-regnam^ which pre- 
vented me from making pemonal appiicationr 

f h//pe to meet with yonr Rxeellency^a Approbation of my eondoct in 
waiimg Pfr yrmr farther orders refipectrng the apprehenaon of men who 
are really tMefol k agreeable to the People in generaL" * ^ 

I am, with the highes^t esteem 
ywn Exeellency'a meet obt k hbl Servt." 

P. H. There are eight Prieoneni two of ihem are Germans, for whom 
(UfUr. Ham: ()al>ell gave a Rec't to their officer — 

H. R. 

I^iih'y 2fnh MaJOU JoHH CaiTTEHDKH TO CoL: Wm. DaVU. 

Hf^tiUitky I have In^en no fortunate af9 to arrive safe to GenI: Clarke with the 
deAf^iohen wHh which I had the Honour of being charged by his Ex- 
(jeltoncy the Govomor and yournelf, a Reflection which gives me the 
highent pleaMuro. I am flattered with the most sanguine Expectations 
of the arrival of Colo: Dabnoy's Regt ^'some time in April next, a Be- 
Inforc.oment altho trivial, will afford great consolation to a people wearied 
with iho fatiguofi Inseparably connected with contention, where supe- 
riority \n froquoiitly which long bos been their unhappy fate. 

I have the most weighty reasons to believe that wo shall have more 
fhrmidnble powers to Bncountor this summer than we have yet Experi- 
nnncNl sineu the eommonoomont of the Emigration to this Country — but 
conseluus of your wishes and well knowing that the ultimate design of his 

IlAiiEKlAAl -Ofr ^rr^.Tf T^H'?»Se8S> 

lait^ iMiixnML. I vrant toaotc^ \. ^ffir^o; ^R; ^iH^ ^^^^ ^r^t? s»^ ^«-:.^ 

^ioa. ^it!£3> JEotiiCh uinkttxauini j/ mm TS:At*«tfHv v K«vv>««s >, om*«^«* ;n > V> \ «»^ 

oat with tb* fiouLii pc\X- whk^ 1 itsjiro W\ istv^xSnn^ 1ft^v <iv^< )\M\ ^l ^'VV^v 
Creek, thiny ^re mikts livwi liits jNi**>\ H^ vas^ > tv\^ KmH^ \vv\ »>mn\ 
I intend making a bjJt boro uwU t^vwixVft\^>»i l>^>^\v\\r>^>\^xA'KvK. w W^s 
will be a means c^ beading tbcir t^^t « )UtK^ Aixx) K^x^M^Via: t^s^^^ >'^^«\^^« 
wasbed. Wbat wonM yx>u think if 1 >^a;j^ |\^ ivM \a>u lh«^t «^>v^ <^ m^^s 
has deserted me since 1 set out tfV»m IViiuv KxtwmNt tNnui H\^^^*^^^ ts^wv 
ever, the industry and vigikMuv of I ho oWtvrw i?* m^ «fH\Ml^\ M«U\^M>^^t \\\ 
by them, that I think it aluu)st sutHoionl lo |\ivvou< mu> ^^ol oC \\\\\\\ 
from desertion, except some of the ^randt^t ra«o«ilM tu I ho xvovldl HMd I 
beleive we have a few of that kind too« 

We have it reported hero that (fon'l St. ('Ih)v huM had \\\\ \^\\^{\\}{\^\\\\^\\\ 
with the enomy at the Quarter houHo; tho on^UKoinont vory )tloitd,Vi \\\s\ 
the Genl: kept the field. It is likowino Huld that Wm,vih« Im Hoiit with w 
command of 1000, including militia^ tor tho pMr|iom» ul' hom>l^lM^ 

I bog your pardon with regard to thn dimnrtJoti oC thn iimmi, fVntii 
strict examination I find four men ahKont mIimui UmI. iiIkIH., pnt'hfipM (hny 
may not be deserted. 111 not bo too ponitlvo In ffiiinihlMif Ih** whnlM of 
the detachment to Gcnl: (jreen; but thU niimh I will Im aimm ol; HmH II 
the whole ia not march'd tboro, it Mhalt not hn froMf n ¥fHiil of n Vf<» y 
strict attention being paid by the oi^tisirn, 

I arri 'b«ar ^iol 


17^. P. S. Mj UeaTend! wlwt am I to do about tbe mea breaking out 

Peb'j 2ftl with the Small pox. aaoilier man has tli» moment discovered that he 
baa it, and God knows what I «haQ do with him, for the inhabitantB 
erery where upon the route we mareb, » frightened, and I am really 
afraid that .<iome of the men will perish : was this the last man to break 
oat with it, I shook! be happy, bat yoQ may reij apon it I shall be 
plagued the whole march. I hare applied to the magistrates for some 
proTision to be made for those poor anhap|>y mortalSy bat damn them, I 
can get nothing done."^ 

¥^j 22d Wm. GaiFFnr, Shsbitf, nr rkflt to Gol: Datdb. 

King The wagon and team referred to had been delivered to the Qr: 

* Q«*«n ^- master at Fredericksborg. Has heard of the Proclamation relative to 
the British Prisoners, and feels himself concerned therein. He has been 
employing foor of the Prisoners left sick on the road, on their march 
from "Gloster Town" withoat protection or care of any sort. Afler 
getting them well he set them to work, and shall be glad to keep them, 
until called for by exchange, and pledges his word they shall not escape — 
adding ''those men are good mechanicks, consequently very usefiil men 
to oor Society cheap Laborers k very Orderly well behaved men." 

Feb'j 28d R. Kello informs the Executive of his having declined the appoint- 

Soaihsmp- ment as Judge of the Special Court to assemble at Portsmouth, &c., the 

Coantj |2^(^|. Q||(j Qf \g^i month, returning at the same time the Commission, 

thro' Col: Josiah Parker; but is surprised to find it has not been sent 

by him to Richmond. He begs leave to adhere to the determination 

taken at the time above referred to. 

Feb'y28d CoL: CHRIST : Febiger to Col: Da vies. 

" D'r Colo. 
Cumberland I suppose you thought me dead or that I had forgott you 

Ct. House o^^s^^ from my having so long neglected you: 

I am much easier than I was a fortnight ago — On the 14th inst : 
I gott rid of the said Detachment, after hanging one and whipping 
73 of them, and they are well officer'd & Posey informs me behave well 
on their march. I dismounted the Officers, which has a good Effect. 
Prior to their marching we had a meeting of all the Officers present — 
the proceedings are lengthy and requires copying — the Ammount is 
this — we all unanimously agree to every proposal you have made, both 
with respect to the Certificates & the Land, except little matters that I 
shall explain to you, about the surveyors — General Scott, yourself & me 



^li "iroL iittvt anT imsw^. pmT wriu mc ten J luii oxirtttuajtv dul: iiai() 
imKwiJiiM:. 1^(> both' du; in;i' iitUt' (iir d two cr ihm* tj/BasvPt »► dul' jv 
nrmtatf — 1iM> htruci' ^ifitter ci mt miuaauujsiy tmi w«itt (if unnitr uitmn'fi 

w- UHsuii «iid iteai ah iM'4iiii£.' 1h nuirj^ jiitt i«tt •9V«r% Uiiiii* Jumm J>«Mrf*-^ 
iiipr nam «:k?vc5 ¥^luv9^ dm v^r\ dirtr. 

2 an. In L-ou* iuub: afl«cti</jjai-en 

a^fKunted Si irflBU»d with iiill powofi; to tsaiiiact tlit- wliok' oi tiMtr I7B2 
Tou k iht GenflHil iu jsrticuiar art* their I>epQudauf3t:. 1 
kape alhvadr ubaai £M<Mi — Ai^ nwni at< tii£ £uad»< an- a iitik! dried. 1 
akaD CMinif down and bring £very thing with mt^— ^itaxkir wii] havt; hih 
aooomiie in -faxqmr order in a tew J^y^—^' «: » # 

« *" ''The imsguittr manner in which ^f Jieonitt^ t^onu^ 

ID » «xta«amh* troubkwimt:. J wiBh«anM- plan eouid Ik^ adopted for tiH- 
I>imft t£> taki' piaee in alJ ior a^ manr Goimiieb m^ yomlbk^ at Qaet* and 
-ebt §mmt time/' »»*»»» 

^Thtr man that dropfe* in now and tlien uxv miked in tia' ittezal ^Msune 
cf liie w^ord, and I havt* nothing ti» givfi Ihem nor anr TJaibk- I'ruepeok), 
mitill Bnppiieti ean be brought from the {Miathward — neither -ehaH J ht- 
abh* to feed many mart:. mik«h other ileaiian^ are taken tn eufiph' the 
PofCL. than are now in J'orae. 'Wah ii not for tite itm- fi)MN;iiieh we |eett, 
the men musi ams-re. TiH* Continental f imiminnnrini ha^re nothing tor 
1I& neitiier df > I know how the Btate wonid pa^* the Sionnrn" aiipuiated 
IX aaid Ijaw/' **»*•• 

^-The Ikmti- for Sxpreeeeh u* gc* U' the ^Mmthvmni it- ahienxi — the 
£zpPD» goefe now ironi JLuiciMBtesr t<i thii- iruni hemx* ta* Prinee 
fidward Conrthouae. irum thent9t hy Chariotu- Cuim HouMe U; Co4eh 
Fflrry. innn theuee to Pe[ytonaimx;^t— o! thii- J thought h ueeeHBT}' Vu 
infcmn you am h will much taciittau- m^* eomniunteationh with tioven* 
mem — -tiie Post aa. CBTte» Ferrc wa^ of «t' iittk n«t u> nn* that J vook) 
nai o|ipoHe iti^ heing broke nf>. and with l wagicoii J w«fuk] much imther- 
gi; irran hevt through liiciuioud U' Frederiokthirrtrh ihaii through 
CroiMsiikuid. liooiob ami hjtoiKVtrsuuL tn aeeouni ol the Biidueat oi tht 

Tilt nuiTci of tm f mici Tr^M^i«r uui«> am^vi tii« tsauAM «#' uti u<it rrpi> 
ing II- nif o5 tht IIU insi B' i^ ^jai-rvoHrn *M/r^ ;. |M?nM/j lauiAio: 4^ ^^' ^^ 

iruia* Xino; am: iearh ii« Mift tii^rn wiJ u( r a^ nt^J a^ ju oAk«^' o? 
liM IjIu^ Tn4 J^idK-umenT uiiur* Li' '. aj* Vimm;. marcinsr 4^i tM< 
lillL lurf*. tut m«a HaTULi;.' witi vA^utduvr^hf rt^iuciduiiv i<r wan; 4f' 
ULtnten' ami ciotniMg titi latiiir* o: * "XKvmjuui^" uwl i^uaUiu ^MVfnnajiir bt* 



1782. Lionen oTer-alls" Heobeerres in the Gazette an " Order of Govern- 
Feb'y 23d ment" for executing the Draft Law in the delinquent Counties, a few 
Substitutes have been brought in, and some men raised by individnals 
under an ^^ Act pass'd the last session of assembly." From the irregular 
way in which this drafl is managed, men are brought in without a single 
article of clothing or other necessarys to supply them with.'' The con- 
sequence is they are detained until those articles can be gotten "a use- 
less and burthensome Expence to the Country." Thus for want of pro- 
visions being now hardly able to supply a few sick, convalescents 
and Invalids, (^^with the Artificers & waggoners necessary at the 
Post") the same disagreeable consequences must follow, of which he 
has already had so much experience. His Excellency therefore must 
understand how impossible it will be for him to equip another Detach- 
ment, until money, wagons, tents, all kinds of Q. master Stores, camp 
equipage, clothing, arms, accoutrements ammunition and other mil: 
Stores are "laid in" — In as much as Col: Davies has informed him 'Hhat 
all supplies for the future are to come from the Continent," unless they 
can be procured in Eichmond they must " come from the northward" — 
He knows not what to do for provisions, unless the Post is supplied by 
contract; the adjacent counties altho' ordered, scarcely affording any 
supplies. Ho has already written to the Commander in chief and is now 
preparing despatches for the minister of war, enclosing "Estimates for 
the equipment of 1200 men," which he supposes will be as many as the 
State can raise this summer. Desires to be supplied with such acts of 
the Assembly as are in force "concerning the Army" — also the Governor's 
opinion as to the resources of the State in supplies and men. From a 
Return rec'd from Major Poulson, on the Eastern Shore, he has raised 
" 93 men " and thinks he can complete two companies. 

He will delay his dispatches for the Minister of War in Phil: until 
replies from his Excellency shall have been received, in order to "lay 
more perfect accounts" before that Officer. 

Feb'j 24th Thomas Burfoot applies to Col: Davies for his pay as "Lieut: in the 
Chesterfield I^i'*®?*' either in the form of money or a certificate. 

Feb'y 24th ^OL: James Hendrioks to Col: Dayies. 

Alexandria ^^' G^raham of Dumfries has informed him of the complaint against 
Mr. Conn, A Dept; Q. master, in regard to the Sales made to the French 
Troops. He has examined Mr. Conn's Accounts, and finds he received 
from the Commissioners &c., 690i bushels Corn, and 30, 430 pounds of 
Hay; half the Com was returned to the Commissioner. The whole 
"matter appears misterious" to him, and he cannot undertake to vindi- 



cateCoDn's Conduct; but his accounts ^appeared fair" and as such he Feb'y34th 
passed them, afler '^ swearing him to them," making his own returns up 
accordingly. He shall now require Mr. Conn to go to Mr. Graham, and 
clear up the matter. Requests to be supplied with the Acts of Assembly 
when printed, and adds "Subscribe to Dunlap & Hay's Paper for me, 
the ezpence of which I will cheerfully send you.*' 

Dr. G. Monroe to Col: Davies. Feb'y24th 

Requesting a new commission to be forwarded him, as ho had lost his Cumberland 
with all his papers. He finds the detachment eight days ahead of him, ^' ^^' ^^""^ 
and fears he will not be able to overtake them. If a Hospital could be 
established here "on the same plan as Chester Va." he confesses he 
should be "much happier in remaining." 

Alex: McClenahan and Michael Bowter, to the Governor. Feb'y26tli 

Complaining of the appointment of Messrs: John Stewart, Charles Augusta Co. 
Cammoron, Thos: Hugart and Thos: Adams, as "Commissioners to 
Settle the Claims to unpattented lands in the District of Augusta, 
Botetout and Greenbrier"— on the ground that several of these gentle- 
men are personally interested in these claims, or are closely connected 
by family ties with other claimants — and recommending in their stead, 
Mr. Andrew Moore, and Mr. Archibald Stuart Attorneys as fitting per- 
sons for this service. 

Col : Davies to the Governor. Peb'y 26th 


The Cannon* in Pamunkey were those which I had brought up War Office 
from York and Cumberland, and were overtaken by the enemy at 
Taylor's Ferry and thrown into the river. Every endeavor has already 
been exerted to raise them, before the winter floods, but we could not 
accomplish it, we were therefore obliged to wait until the waters fall 
again, which will not be low enough for the purpose before the summer. 

* These are doubtless the long bronze French pieces referred to hy Tarlton in his 
" Campaigns in Virginia,'' six of which were afterwards brought to Richmond, and 
remained on the public Square until the State Army was completed, when they were 
placed upon the parade ground within the buildings. There may have been some 
iron guns also thrown into the Pamunkey river by Tarlton. Those referred to in 
the letter above are still at the bottom of the Pamunkey, and are of like character 
and value with the two now to be seen at the Va. Military Institute, which survived 
the troubles and demands of the late war between the States ; the other four having 
been melted and re-cast into modern guns.' They are long seige-pieces, decorated 
with mottoes and devices, and are of great value. 


1782. In the rooantime there will be no damage sustained by the cannon being 
Feb'y 26th under water, iron cannon particularly will never rust if sunk below the 
surface. The operations at York so fully engrossed our attention in 
October, that no step could then be taken to raise them." * * 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, 

Your most obt Serv't. 

Feb*y26th Jas: Madibon Jnr: Edm'd Randolph Jos: Jones, and A. Lbs, Deli- 


Philadelphia We have your Excellency's favor of the 9th of this month. Since 

our last the plan for the final settlement of the public accounts from the 
Commencement of the war to the 1st Jan'y, 1782, which we formerly 
mentioned to be under consideration, has been adjusted and agreed to 
by Congress, and will be fully explained to your Excellency, by the 
Superintendent of finance, to whose department it properly belongs — the 
want of the rule prescribed by the articles of Confederation, and which, 
from the particular situation of some of the States, could not now be 
obtained rendered the adoption of any mode, very difficult, the one pro- 
posed, when the variety of circumstances and interests to be combined 
upon the occasion are considered, will perhaps be found as free from 
exceptions as any that could be devised, and will, it is to be hoped, meet 
the approbation of the States. 

We have reason to beleive it has not proceeded from partiality to the 
Eastern and middle States, that contracts for the Southern department 
have not been proposed, as previous to the receipt of your Letter we 
had shown attention to this business, and found the Financier disposed 
to take that course for supplying the Southern Department so soon as 
taxes were laid, and likely to be collected in those States to enable him 
to comply with such engagements as he should enter into for that pur- 
pose. If any preference appears to have been given to the State of 
Pennsylvania in the benefit of contracts, we are assured it has pro- 
ceeded from the money supplied by that State to enable the Superin- 
tendent of Finance to fulfil them. This money was supplied in commuta- 
tion for the specific requisitions duo to the United States. It may with 
truth be said, that the States as Virg*a, which supplied the Specifics, did 
their duty as much as Pennsylvania w'ch commuted for money, but un- 
happily the latter mode only has put into the hands of the superinten- 
dent the means of fullfiling future contracts, we must beg leave to refer 
to the inclosed papers for the news, and are very respectfully, 

Sr. yr. Excellency's 

obed't hum : Servt's.'* 


Col: Anthony Thornton to the Governor. 1782. 

Feb'y 26th 
In regard to executing the order for Drafting men &c. Has postponed GaroliDe Co. 

action until further instructions can be received. By the Act of 
Assembly a bounty of four thousand dollars pr: recruit is to be paid. 
As there is now no paper money, he desires to know how this point is 
to be settled. The men are expected to serve eighteen months from the 
day of drafting. In as much as this had been postponed by order of 
Council because the militia were so constantly on duty, he submits that 
it will now be very unjust to require these men to serve their full term, 
unless every man who has already been in active service be credited 
with that service "to be deducted from the 18 months." In addition to 
this, many have enlisted in the Legion, and many are sick, and unfit for 
active duty, so that his Excellency must not be disappointed at results, 
if the draft is enforced. 

He expresses the hope that this course on his part may not be con- 
strued by the Executive as "a desire to gain popularity" in his County, 
such motives being unworthy of him, but as Commanding Officer, he is 
equally bound to do justice "to his Country & People. He awaits the 
reply of the Governor, to whose orders he shall give a "most chearfull 

Robert Morris to Gov: Harrison. Feb'y 26th 


I have been honored with your Excellency's Letter of the Seventh Office of 
Instant. Your strictures on the Conduct of Congress would be piJi^^ei^iiia 
unnoticed, did they not derive a consequence from the Character you 
Sustain. You will permit me to observe, that the Honorable Delegates 
of Virginia are guardians of its Rights ; and that the Congress composed 
of such Delegates from all the States, are competent to determined on 
matters which relate to the general interest. Permit me Sir, also to 
observe, that if measures adopted by Congress were really oppressive to 
a particular State, the Government ought to make an early Representa- 
tion on the subject. I enclose the Extract of a Letter from his 
Excellency Governor Jefferson to the President of Congress, dated the 
twenty Seventh of July 1780, which does by no means either assert or 
imply that the Requisition for Tobacco would be inconvenient, much 
less oppressive. Your Legislature have not remonstrated against it, and 
I persuade myself that If they should make such Remonstrance, it will 
be in proper terms. A regard for their own Dignity will prevent them 
from charging the Sovereign Representative of America with Ignorance 
and Oppression. As your Excellency informs me that the Executive of 
your State cannot interfere in the transaction with Mr. Ross, I shall 
not trouble you or them with any thing further on the Subject, and as 



1782. the bofiineM of my Office engroesee my whole time A attention, yoo will 
Feb'y 26tb excuse me from taking notice of those Renuoto which relate personally 
to myself. 

The honorable Delegates of Yirginia have commnnicated a Part of 
your Letter to them. The polite manner in which they have conducted 
all the Business we have transacted together, commands my esteem and 
Confidence. Tour Excellency may depend that I Shall always endeavor 
to do my Duty, but as some men are influenced more by Passion than 
reflection, Prudence would dictate a little caution on the score of Insinu- 
ations. It is possible that Sentiment might speak the Same Language 
with Prudence, but at any Rate, it would not be amiss to know the 
State of Facts, before we institute a charge of Partiality. 

I have the Honor to be 

with perfect respect, 
Your Excellency's 

most obedient 
Humble Servant. 
Exiract referred to above, 

"A Specific Tax in Tobacco is payable on the 31st Day of December 
next. Of this about 3725 Hogsheads were appropriated as a Fund 
whereon to borrow money, under the. Calls of Congress of Oct. 6 and 7, 
1779, but another Provision for this Call being made, these Tobaccoes 
remain unappropriated, and of course free to be applied by the Assembly 
according to the Requisitions of February 25. They will have brought 
in, under the same Specific Tax, as much as would make up the Residue 
required. Whether they may think proper to change the appropria- 
tion of it for this Purpose, or how otherwise they will furnish it, is for 
them to determine." 

Feb'y 27th 


B. Dickson to thb Gtovkrnob. 

Having heard that Col: Innes bad been desired by his Excellency to 
enquire into his ''Political Character," he assures him that it is the "first 
wish of bis heart*' that this should be done. He will therefore meet his 
accusers "face to face," and clear up "the base, scandalous & false 
reports," at any moment his Excellency may appoint for this purpose. 

Peb'y 28th 


Thomas M. Randolph to Gov: Harrison. 

In regard to the case of John Cowigg "a Free mulatto" living in 
Groochland — has a waggoner for Jos: Watkins, and has been employed 
in moving the Public Stores up to the Point of Fork — and "for neglect 



of militi* datj" on this accoant was condemned as a "six months' 17^ 
soldier" by the Conrt-martial — ^A serious illness prevented " his joining Feb'y SSth 
his Company/' until the present date^ when by '^a Furingh from Col: 
Dabney" he is allowed to '^waggon floar from my mill" — As he will be 
of more service ^as a waggoner than a soldier," he urges his discharge 

BoBSRT Morris to the Gtoyrrnor of Virginia. Feb'j 2SUi 


I do myself the Honor to transmit to your Excellency, the inclosed Office 
Act of the United SUtes, in Congress of the thirteenth Instant— I am ^^ Finance 
to request that the Cattle mentioned in Greneral Greene's Letter, be 
fowarded as speedily as possible, and as I persuade myself that a consider- 
able Ballance is due from the State of Virginia on the Eequisitions for 
Specific Supplies, the Cattle which may be furnished shall be carried to Call upon 
Account on those Requisitions. But if Contrary to my Expectations, it g^J^^ to 
should appear that they have been fully complied with, or if they have Gen'lOreene 
been so nearly complied with, as that the Cattle asked for, by General 
Greene, shall, in addition to the other articles furnished, exceed the whole 
amount d those Requisitions, then whatever shall remain due to the 
State shall be credited as the Quotas of the Current year — I flatter 
myself Sir, that your Excellency's zeal for the Public Service will omit 
no measures which may be necessary to accomplish the views of the 
United States, in supporting General Green, both by Aids of men and 

I have the Honor to be 
Your Excellency's 

most obedient & 

Humble Servant." 

Col Armand applying to John Coles, Commissiouer for the Specific Feb'y — 
tax for Albemarle Co. to supply the urgent wants of his Legion, which 
if not furnished, he should be compelled to collect by impressment. 

Col : Coles states, the prevalence of Small pox at Charlottesville had 
prevented the sitting of the Court. 

Col: Wm. Davies to th* Gov: (in Council). Feb'y 28th 


Confident in the desire of Government to render the situation of their War Office 
Troops as comfortable as the circumstance of the Country will permit, 
and being fully convinced of the ready attention which your Excellency 
on all occasions has paid to their applications, the officers of the Virginia 
Continental and State lines, have directed me to ask the Countenance of 


1782. your Ezeellencj in Comicil, in support of the mnmaroB t he y kmTe 
Fdl^j 28Ui adopted for the pre»enrjUioD of the Credit of their Certlie«tfg l^e 
efieloned papers will famish a foil Tiew of the pUn^ ss it is iBtendod to 
be presented to the gentlemen in the Country. This st^ we oone^Te 
the only eligible mode of securing to oursehres that recompense for 
which the Certificates were intended, and to which we flatter ovrselTeSy 
the duration and fidelity of our Services justly entitle us. 

I have the honor to be Sir, with the greatest reject 
Your Ezcellency*s most ob 

The papers referred to, present the following facts — On the 10th Feb- 
ruary 1782, Brig: Genl: Chas. Scott and Col: Wm. DaTies^ published a 
printed circular, setting forth the general purpose as expressed in Col: 
Davies letter to the Grovemor, the L^islative authority, and thdr own 
reasons for having adopted this plan — They therein announce tiie fiust. 
that Mr. Ross has undertaken to manage the business for Uiem and 
^ generously refuses any compensation for his services.'* They regret 
the necessity which compels them to appeal to the Community for aid 
by subscription ; but rely upon the sympathy felt for their fellow Citi- 
zens in the Army, who have suffered and sacrificed so much in defense 
of their Country, to procure for them the reward due their services — 
Mr. Ross having consented to '^ assist them in negotiating the Certificates 
which they receive from the Auditors" issued to Saml: Beall of Wil- 
liamsburg, Mass: Shore & McComico, Petersburg, Hunter, Banks & Co, 
Richmond, James Maury and Benj : Day, Fredericksburg, James A Adam 
Hunter, Falmouth, Hunter & Allison, Alexandria, Carter Braxton, West 
Point, and John Lyne Esqr at New Castle, a circular, calling upon them 
to give their assistance to this object by becoming sub agents, and add- 
ing "The distress of many of the Officers and the present scarcity of 
money is such that the Certificates which these gentlemen have received 
for past services, will be rendered of little value, unless timely assistance 
is afforded by their fellow Citizens — In a short time these Certificates 
will be equal to the Specie, and all that is now required is a loan of 
Specie or Tobacco upon them, which will have an Interest of Six per 
cent till Paid — The Inhabitants of Richmond and Petersburg, in two 
Days, Subscribed One Thousand Pounds in Specie and Tobacco, for the 
Certificates of a number of Officers under marching orders to join Genl: 
Green Ac" — To this was appended a printed form of Subscription List, 
preceded by the following Statement: 

*^Tho Officers and Soldiers of the Continental and States Lines in the 
pay of this Commonwealth, having been for a considerable Time, with- 
out receiving their Pay and Subsistance. and having suffered greatly by 
the Depreciation of the Paper money: the Honorable the General 
Assembly at their last Session, were pleased to take the matter into 
their Consideration, with a desire to do the most ample Justice in their 
power — But fW)m the low state of our Finances, it being impossible to 



make immediate payment in Specie, the House thought proper to direct 1782. 
the Auditors of Publick Accounts to issue to the Officers and Soldiers, Feb'y 28th 
Certificates Payable in Specie in the year 1785 and to bear Interest of 6 
per cent,, and appropriated as a Fund for their Eedemption the money 
or Tobacco arising from the sales of Forfeited Estates throughout the 
State : in the purchase of which Estates the said Certificates were to be 
received the same as Specie." 

Although the Funds for the Redemption of those Certificates are 
thought very ample, and Estates of considerable value must in a short 
time be exposed to sale for that purpose, yet the situation of many of 
the Officers and Soldiers is such, that their wants will admit of no delay, 
and they are forced to make Sale of their Certificates at a very low rate 
for ready money, or other necessaries for their present support. 

To make an Article of speculation of those Certificates, and to pur- 
chase at an undue value, Money which has been so dearly earned, and 
with so much honour and advantage to the Publick, is cruel treatment 
to the brave Men whose services we have received. We consider the 
money laid out in Certificates as so much money at Interest, and that 
the payment of it, is as certain, as that the State will bo Free and Inde- 
pendent: there is also the greatest reason to expect those Certificates 
will be taken up long before the year 1785, and it is proposed that Sub- 
scriptions be opened in difierent parts of the State, in full confidence 
that the Public Spirited Citizens will most cheerfully advance a Sum in 
Specie or Tobacco, according to their circumstances, as so much lent 
upon the said Certificates — 

Wherefore, we the Subscribers do hereby engage to Pay to 

or his AHsigns, in four Weeks from the date 
hereof, the Sum in Specie or Tobacco set against our Names, for the 
purposes before mentioned, for which the said 

shall furnish us or each of us with Certificates for the 
respective Sums subscribed, or take such other order on the matter as 
may be necessary. 

Dated at 1782. 

Subscribers names. Sums Subscribed in Specie. In Tobacco. Warehouse." 

Jno. Robertson, Sup: Com: Issues S. of Va. informs the Executive, March Ist 
that under Orders from Mayor Rob't Forsyth, ho had caused the dam- Richmond 
aged provisions at York to be sold, and with the proceeds supplies pur- 
chased for the suffering Prisoners of War in the Hospital at Gloucester, 
few of whom remain at that place. Already one hundred barrels of 
flour have gone down in a vessel in charge of "one Mr. Francis Greaves/' 




1782. CoL: BcMJ: WiLSOii to thc Goykbnor of YiROiiriA, setting forth the 
If Arch lit wants of, and the exposed situation of the people of " Tigers Valley." 

Monongalia Col : Joseph Nevill of Hampshire has sent a part of his militia to their 


*<Tigtr'f protection, but bringing no provisions. He is not warranted in march- 
Valloy" ing the men to "West Fork" as ordered by Col: Evans "for the Inhabit 
tantsof that Place can hardly subsist themselves." The provisions should 
have been sent foward at first, under guard to their posts. There is no 
Fort nor Inhabitant for "fifty-five computed miles, and several Indian 
paths to Cross in that way." He now has the militia "Devided amongst 
the Diforent Inhabitants at the Diferent Forts, and in General Borrows 
there Subsistences untill the provisions arrive." A demand upon the 
"Specificks," of Rockingham County has been made, and Col: Harrison 
has been requested to have the provisions raised in his County escorted 
by his militia to Monongalia — Concludes "Since the first of April the 
Indians has made Three Attackts on the people of this valley. Since 
Buchanan Settlement broke up, the Indians has been more plentious and 
Bolder than Usal in this valley," * * ♦ :» 

"I humbly beg that I might be Enabled to call on Some of the Adja- 
cent County Lieutenants for an Escort to guard us to the Interior 
Inhabitants, if necessary Relief is not Granted, the people in General 
Informs me the will Break up about Harvest — My Earnest Desire is, 
wo might be Enabled to keep our Country." 

llAroh lit 

Frederic ks- 

Major Claiborne to Col: Davies. 

Enclosing extract of a letter from Capt: Abner Crump, Asst: Dep: 
Q. Master for the Southern Army, to Mr. McCraw, dated at " Camp 
Ponpon, 26th Jan'y 1782, in which ho says "I must bog ot you to urge 
Miyor Claiborne to supply the Army with about 50 Portmanteaus: tho 
largo number of chests that wo are obliged to admit for want of them, 
crowds tho Army with more wagons than otherwise would be necessary." 

Maroh 2nd 

Capt: John Pryor, C. I. M. Stores to Col: Davies. 

Riohmond Reporting progress in collecting and making proper returns of the 
Public Arms and other military Stores. Ho has embraced those in 
Washington Co., with Col : Campbell, as also those at New London — As 
the military Stores of the States have been " so intoUerably dispersed," 
ho will be thankf\il for any information, so as the better to execute his 

ruiayihAi. xv -g]s^;:jt vui^SKh itt 

>«0«i^ '*r 4JM«ic %»"Kr t > ^mj ifi | »' 

:« wmm Mst- ^mmt^ Jtr iM«ii^^i«N^ tirtUi Umi ^$^m 
^paaaL, mmmL -vdL jue lii -tr -aKOitini iat- u ii«> ^^irn^Hiif^c^ :^ ^!6^^ 

fittgneUF -u m^ iiiim^ft lufvr jbs tut iwi^n 4«nNMti;iptf» 'tht. nt^^^aer^ W f|^ 

Ttihqs jl 'CiiiiUHintinR n tuba a: :liMaK iwit: u iHFti^ <h^««i t^tui 41^ 

H^OK JLjBUBSiaia w ^iTte* iT^x^jk^^ ^^S(4.%i^ 

arr ksr^ &i£ fruiL iSicrriCUffi IHbf -mx^ «^f- irr. ^5^tilA ^^iM ^" "N^Miliit^ti^. 

at that place to i^mne^ tk<«i: tk«tr |«\>Ti5MW^ 6il!l ^vrl ;ii«^< \v¥\ ^>^t 
ferent; and he has oahr ^ik^ftv twv> «hUli«^" <r^4l«K*|ihi) IIVn^^ ^"^I^X^IV^ 
people'^ with whkh to pdkv thetr wa^>«$ — VnW^i^ ^iiHiMhilM^ ^^ ^«»^ \^.n^Vs, 
they had hetter be didchar^;ed« 

Tho6: Nkwton jkr: to i\>i.: Davii^ M«^^^ 4^^ 

" Dt Sir 

I shall be much obliged if yoird tH>nd mo down \\tk\f\k \\\\$!'\\ I Vl^. Nvsv^^^ 
missions for this Borough, we have now rn^ar Atiy nuM) A t^X)HHH mn^n \\^ 
have enough to have two Companios* dont (\>rgt^t to Imvo \\\\^ IWIohiUhI 
lands of this place inquired into^ the Cuvoatit ontovM imtnhmi iho NhUhi 
are frivolous & ought to be set aside, thon^ \n oonMldombli> |MH^ti»li^V In 
be sold yet vizt: Boners' Farmars', & Dort: ('antiih^HV A mtmo iithiM*ii.'* 

i am Dr. H\\\ 


1782. Col: Vatob to thx Gtotskmia. 

Ww Offic« Tiie iiib&bitaDts on the Eaetem Shore of Tirginia ezpresB much 

un^stmuew &t iLe prospect of the Ck>iitmental dimfte bang ordered from 
thence. General Greene, in the last letter I reodved from him, directs in 
the moot ezpretie terms, th&t every Continental Soldier in the State be 
lient on to him immediately. I hare communicated the General's orders 
to Colo. Febiger, at the General Benderroofi, and Major PooIbod who 
commandiii on the Eastern Shore; and I expect he will Soon be over 
with hii^ men: tho' there is some danger that the inhabitants, will if 
p<>«M<ible seduce them to desert, and afier the Officers have come over 
with those that are willing to follow them, the deserters will then join 
the volunteer Ck>rpH which they constantly ke^ up on that shore. 
Those gentlemen from thence, with whom I have conversed, say they 
will readily consent to the removal of the drafls, provided Government 
will favor them with Some of the Cavalry of the Legion. For my own 
|>art I tbiuk there cannot be much objc^ction to their proposition, unless 
it t>e the difficulty and risk of the transportation of the men and horses. 
Every Article of life is cheaper there, than in any other part of the 
State : the men and horses can with more ease and convenience, be sup- 
|>orted tbere, than elsewhere, and the Same supplies that are now 
lavished away upon their volunteer horse, might with advantage be 
applied for the maintenance of one of the troops. It will be exceedingly 
difficult to provide for the whole legion in any of the lower Counties on 
this shore, and as the infantry belonging to it. will be on this side, a few 
<*avalry may very well answer the Common purposes of the Command, 
while those on the Eastern Shore would be a great protection against 
the plundering parties that run up into the Creeks in barges, and do a 
great deal of mischief, which they never were able to check, till they 
raised two Small Corps of volunteer horse, which are now kept up and 
supported with provisions by the State, but which would be discharged 
upon the arrival of a sufficient number of the legion cavaliy. I have 
therefore to ask your FJxcelloncy's instructions whether a part of the 
legion cavalry shall ho sent to the P^astern Shore — Should the proposi- 
tion meet your approbation, gentlemen upon that Shore will furnish the 
means of transportation thomHelves — 

1 have the honor to be with the greatest respect 

Your Excellency's 

most obedient Servant " 



Thomas M. Bandolph to Col: Daviss. 1782. 

"Doar^ir March 6th 

I am sorry it is not in my power to Wait on you, and beg you Goochland 
will excuse me for agaio repeating my request for discharging this poor 
Free mulatto, his intercessions to me are such, as I hope will plead my 
Excuse. I will be answerable for his doing more Duty to his Country 
as a waggoner, than a Soldier.'' 

I am with respect 

your most ob. Sevt.'* 

Col: Lewis Burwell informs Col: Davies, that he cannot possibly 
transport the clothing for the soldiers to Eichmond as ordered, unless 
he has power to impress a wagon for the purpose. The public credit is 
so low he cannot hire one. The people in that section trading at Peters- 
burg, were a person appointed to give proper receipts for it, the clothing 
might be carried in the wagon that haul Tobacco to that place. 

March 5th 

burg Co. 

Jambs Madison Jr: Edm: Eandolph, Arthur Lee, and Jos: Jones March 6th 

TO Gov: IIarrison. 

This week's post has brought us no letter from your Excellency. Philadelphia 

Mr. Boss has directed Mr. Whiteside, a merct. of this city to pay us 
£200 each, which will enable those of us who have been sometime here 
to discharge our outstanding balances, but will leave a small sum only 
for future occasions. 

We impatiently expect a confirmation of the very interesting intelli- 
gence received from the West Indies respecting the entire reduction of 
the Island of St. Christophus by the Forces of His most christian 
majesty, and advantage gained by the Fleet of the Ct. de Grasse over 
that of Sir Saml: Hood — this last circumstance if true, will give the 
Count so decided a superiority, that it is probable other Islands of the 
Enemy will soon share the fate of St. Christophus. 

The Chev: de la Luzerne, will we expect, in a few days Set out for 
Virginia on a visit to Ct. de Eochambeau. you will probably see him 
at Eichmond. Very respectfully we are 

yr: Excellency's 

obed: Servants." 


1782. Col: Archibald Cary to Col: Davus. 

March 6th "Dear Col: 
<< Tackahoe" I take the Liberty to Address you on an affair, which I judge 

Wednesday f^i]^ under your Department. There is a certain Frank Smith in Ches- 

morn r •^ * 

terfield, who by one stragigem or other has contrived ailmost constantly 
to screen himself from militia Duty: at present, to avoid the draft, has 
by his Brother Thos. Smith, contrived to get some nonsensical appoint- 
ment under a Capt: Irish in the Labratory. this appointment he boasts 
was obtained for the purpose above: as I know the man and know 
he never was, or will be usefull in any business (unless that of Puting 
money in his Pocket can he be called usefull) and as it is injust he should 
avail himself on such an occasion of an exemption from what Thousands, 
more deserving are to submit to, I must in treat of you that he be dis- 
charged from his Appointment, as it is only taken by him for so bad a 
^ I beg sir, that you oblige me on this occasion, unless the Publick 

should suffer, and this is impossable, as you can have none in the oflSce 
he fills but will be as fit, and I believe none to be depended on than this 
said Mr. Smith. Your Complyance will oblige 

your Afft: & H'ble Servt/' 


War Office In obedience to the Order of Council, I have the honor to lay before 

your Excellency a return* of the military stores in the magazines of 
this State. The want of money has greatly retarded the collection and 
repair of the arms. The same difficulty still continues. 

In the enclosed I have not included the equipments of the Cavalry 
that are nearly finished at Fredericksburg, and will be sufficient for all 
the dragoons belonging to the State, tho' I cannot at present exactly 
ascertain their number, neither have I included any arms that are in 
possession of the militia or of the Legion. On this occasion, I beg leave 
to represent that mearly 1000 stand were, on various applications from 
Baron Steuben delivered for Continental purposes, and a promised given 
that they should be replaced. That promise however, has never yet 
been complied with. The arms that were taken at York, enabled the 
Continent now to replace them, should your Excellency think proper to 
direct an application to be made for them. I cannot forbear to represent 
further that some very valuable brass ordinance, particularly a 16-inch 
mortar, belonging to this State, which had been taken by the British, 
were recovered from them at York, but were afterward removed to the 
northward, by the orders of Genl: Knox. Virginia no doubt has an 

* Not found. 


eqfuftl right to the neeeasuy articles of defence witli other states in the 1782. 
Union, in proportion to her importance she has receiTed leas and per- Hmivk TUi 
haps contribnted more; and if we add the circnmstance of this valnable 
ordinance having been the original property of this State, that it was 
here rvcorered firom the enemy, and that her malitia alone ftoined a 
respectable proportion of the Amtj that took it^ I belicTC that your 
Excellency will be of opinion that the State of Virginia had a better 
claim to it. than any other part of the Continent, and that the pieces 
themselTes, or other of equal valne ooght to be restored to us, as soon 
as possible. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, 

Tour £xcellency*8 
most obedient Servant.** 

Capt: Thomas Hamilto!! to Col: Dayibs. March 7ili 

He finds many of the regular Soldiers have obtained Certificates of RichiBoiid 
pay firom the Auditors and -'are selling them for mere nothing.** He 
has heard of one having parted with a Certificate for ''£48 for £4, paid 
in hand." Unless some step is taken to prevent ''such base advantages** 
the Soldiers will be ruined. The Auditors should be stopped from iffiuing 
them — He has refused to countersign many of the certificates given by 
the Paymasters of his Legion, to the men. Hopes his influence will be 
used in this matter. 



I wrote to you on the subject of publick affairs in this departm*t^ ** Fort 
by Mr. Camy, 18th Feb'y, which I hope you have Received, Since N^Uon*' 
which we have received very allarming accounts from the enemy at 
Detroit. They last fall Collected Chiefe from the different Hostile tribes 
of Indians and Instructed them not to disturb the frontiers, and par- 
ticularly Kentucky until towards Spring. Then to form small parties 
and take prisoners to hear what was going on. By which Conduct the 
Country would be off their guard. That the whole would Embody in 
the Spring, Reduce this post and lay the whole Country waste, and 
make one Stroke do for all. They are actually making Every prepara- 
tion at Detroit, and the Conduct of the Indians have been agreeable to 
their directions. This information through various channels from the 
Illinois cannot be doubted, and if the defeat of Comwallace, or some- 
thing similar dont prevent them, we shall certainly have them in great 
force sometime this Spring. Every preparation is making to counteract 

them. Our greatest dependance is in arm'd boats, but cannot fit out a : 

sufficiency of them in time, without the supplies you promis'd and those 1 


March 7ib 


mentioned in my last arriving In time. If it was poesible for ''the 
troops with those articles to arrive some time in April, I should be 
under no kind of apprehensions of their doing much damage to the 
Country. But without, the consequences are to be dreaded. Pray Sir, 
be as liberal as possible in your Beinforcements and furnitures. If we can 
Repel this Invasion I have no dread of their making a Second attempt. 

It would be adviseable to Alarm Col: Dabney, that he might use 
Every precaution on his passage down the River. This intelligence 
hath occasioned us to alter our former plan of opperation and strength^i 
ourselves by water as much as possible, as no vessels they can bring 
across the portages from the Lakes will be able to face such as we can 
navigate the Ohio with, could we get furniture for them. Our depen- 
dance is in the Exertions of Grovemment, which we rest fully assur'd 

P. S. Pray if possible augment the number of pieces of artillery, 
Light Cannon, &c. 

I have the Honor to be Dr Sir, with 

Highest Respects and Esteem 

Your Devoted & very Humble Servt." 

March 8th 


Proceedings as a Court of Admiralty, before Hon: Benj: Waller, 

Richard Cary and , in the case of the Schooner "Three Friends" 

libelled by Cornelius Schomerhom, Commander of the Privateer Brig- 
antine "Grand Turk" and Madet Engs, Commdt. of the Privateer Brig 
" Dolphin," and the property of Thomas and Colin Clarke and Robert 
Lenox of Charleston S. Carolina, although a British "flag of truce" she 
had violated the privileges thereof, by taking on board goods, merchan- 
dise &c,f and carried them to Edenton N. Carolina, in which port she 
was captured by the two above-mentioned vessels, and brought to South 
Quay in Virginia. The Court after due consideration of the facts, 
decreed and ordered that the said Schooner and Cargo be condemned, 
and that the Marshall make sale thereof at public auction for cash, after 
having giving due notice &c., and return to the Court an account of the 
Sales Sec. 

March 8th ^^^'' Phil: Edmondson informs Col: Davies, the Clothing, wagon & 
Chag: City team required of the County will be forthcoming, but that no beeves 
Co. can be furnished by him. 



IloB*T Andrews to Gov: Harrison. 


March 9th 


When Mr. Madison & I wore appointed Commissioners on the part 
of Virginia to run the boundary Lines between this State & Pennsyl- 
vania, Mr. Jefferson, at that time Governor, promised that two good 
Horses should be furnished to each of us & a covered waggon to Mr. 
Madison for the Purpose of carrying Instruments & other things 
necessary for the Western Station. As it is probable that you may not 
have been informed of these Particulars, I take the Liberty of mention- 
ing them to your Excellency, & also of observing that it will be proper 
for us to set out for our respective Destinations about the middle of next 
month. If the horses intended for my use can be delivered to me at 
W'msburg, it will be more convenient for me. 

The Compensation proposed by the Executive, for our Services in this 
Business, was, exclusive of our Expencos, 150 lbs of Tobac: pr: day 
to each, which was to be discharged according to the Hate fixed by the 
Grand Jury immediately proceeding the Time of Payment. 

This mode of Payment being abolished, I suppose your Excellency 
will think it proper that some other be substituted; & I flatter myself 
that when the nature of this Business is considered, which requires 
Qualifications of a particular kind & must be attended to at all Hours 
of the Night, as well as of the Day-; which will be always fatiguing 
& sometimes dangerous; & which without being a Permanency will 
draw us far from our Families & for the Time entirely suspend the 
Prosecution of our ordinary Business; you Sir, and the Gentlemen of 
the Council will be of opinion that the proposed Compensation was by 
no means an adequate one — Having been obliged lately to mix a good Small pox 
deal with Persons under the Small Pox, it will not be in my Power to 
wait on you previous to my setting out for Williamsburg; but 1 beg 
that I may be immediately favoured with the Determinations of the 
Executive relative to this matter, & am with the greatest Respect, 

your Excellency's mo: Obedt. & very hble. Serv't, 


John Evans, County Lieutenant to Gov: Harrison. 

"The murders commited on our Frontiers at such a time of the 
year, and the repeated applications of our Suffering Inhabitants, Occa- 
tions me to trouble your Honour, praying that our Situation may be 
taken under Consideration as we are few in number and much Exposed, 
Our fronteers are so Extensive that the few inhabitants there Settled 
are so scattering that the Enemy murder one part before the others can 
he alarmed to come to their assistance. Since the State of Pennsylvania 
have taken place the poor Residue of Virginia are all fronteers. 


March 9th 


Mardera by 
the Indians 
& exposed 
frontiers &q 


1782. The prayer of the people is that a company or two of Militia may be 

Msi ch 9i!i Ordered to their Relief, otherwise they will be under the neceesity of 
vacating the Country — Colo. Clarke's Expedition falling through, and 
so many men falling into the Enemies hands have encouraged them so 
that they are constant in our County — the Strength of our militia does 
not Exceed three Hundred and fifty and them settled at least Eighty 
miles in length. * * ♦ ♦ * 

* * I have forbore running the State to the Expence of paying 

Exprew, Ac. an Express and troubling your Honour 'till I find it will dono longer — 
the murders committed were early in February when the People were 
under no apprehension of the Enemy's being in our County. The 
express I hope may be paid for this trouble and Expence, as I was much 
put to it to git one, times being so precarious. 

I have the Honour to be with due Respect 

&c, &c. 

Steps taken On the 26th March, in consequence of the receipt of the above it was 
tj> defend the ordered by the Grov: & Council, that one Company of Militia from 
^. ' Hampshire Co., report to Col : Evans to serve two months at a time on 

that Frontier; to be relieved at the end of their service by the Militia 
of Rockingham & Augusta Cos. Each Soldier to take with him ten 
days provisions, but to be supplied afterwards by the neighboring 
Counties. Should this measure fail to protect the County, Col: Evans 
is authorized to avail himself of the provisions of the ^^ Invasion Law'' 

March 9th Ben J: Waller to Gov: Harrisoic. 

Williams- His Excellency's Letter of the 7th was received, some hours after the 
hufg adjournment of the Court, and Col: Cary and the other "surviving 
Judge" gone home. The respondents in the case of the Schooner 
"Three Friends" were treated with "all the Lenity the Court could 
grant them;" and the Captain declined, altho* allowed time, to defend 
the vessel and Cargo. Dr. Lenox also was allowed reasonable time to 
make his defence. The proceeds of the Sale are reserved, subject to 
order of Court, so that a new hearing can be had if necessary. The 
Court was chiefly directed in their action by the Acts of Congress ot 
March 23d 1776 & March 27th 1781, by which Libellanta are allowed to 
prosecute in any Court for the trial of maritime cases in any of the 
United Stales. The "Sound" in Carolina was regarded in the same 
light, as the Chesapeake Bay, "a Common passage to N. Carolina and 
Virginia, as the latter is to Maryland & Virginia." 

It was a matter of much concern, that this Suit was brought before 
him & those associated with him, but "being instituted we were obliged 
by our Oath to proceed," and to do whai Seemed lawf\il and right under 

Calendar of state papers. 91 

any circa mstaDces. He is confronted by the reflection that there is a 1782. 
"Court of Appeals" established to correct Errors and reverse sentences March 9th 
when wrong, which he hopes Gov: Burke of N. Carolina "will think a 
better Remed}'^ than Force of Arms, surrounded as we are with Enemies," 
especially when "he considers that the Captain of the Virginia Privateer, 
if be has done amiss, is liable to be punished and prosecuted on the 
Bond given at the taking out his Commission.'* lie did produce all the 
papers found by him on board the Prize. He will communicate his 
Excellency's letter to Col : Cary at once, but thinks nothing more can 
be done, until the next regular meeting of the Court. Begs to be 
excused from giving an ''opinion in matters of State" out of his 
Province, and adds "You will be pleased to pardon this, and every 
Inadvertency or Impertinence." 

Col: T. Parker to Governor Harrison. March lOth 


The Court of this County being ordered to make a draft of the Smithfleld in 
Militia to fill up their quota of Soldiers for the American Army has Jf*®°[^**^* 
requested me to represent to your Excellenc}'^ & your honourable board 
the distressed situation of this County during the different invasions, 
supposing from the active part which I have taken, and being continu- 
ally in the field whilst the County was invested, that I should be better 
able to explain to your honoi^ablo board their exertions to repel the 
Enemy, their obedience to orders, their losses and consequent distresses, 
than any other individual; from which principle they have done me the 
the honor to request I would address you on the subject. 

Be it then known to you, that this County from the first has engaged 
very chearfully in the war, from the best of principles, that of supposing 
it a just one. When Lord Dunmore fixed his Standard at Portsmouth, 
and all our neighbors below were flying to it for protection, we became . 
a barrier, and had not only the Common Enemy to encounter, but all 
the machinations and eviles of a Scotch faction, which at that time, in 
this and allmost every part of the Colony had too much weight. Indi- 
viduals inimical to British mandates were pointed out objects of their 
resentment, which for several weeks had recourse to thickets & fodder 
Stacks for protection, their houses not afiV)rding an asylum from the 
danger of those reptiles & their patron Lord Dunmore, and his black 
guards. The moment our County embodyed, and armed we had our 
Share of men ready for the established Army, and I marched with a 
Company of minute militia men, from this County to the Great Bridge 
to invest Dunmore & his gang, and assist in driving him from Norfolk 
and its dependencies; that you must confess from your knowledge of 
our situation Stretching twenty miles on James Kiver, and the nearest 
part of the County not as many miles from Norfolk, and dayly in Sight 


1782. of their armed vessells, was an act of Publick patriotism deserving 
March 10th Credit, as our own families were liable to plunder & insult every hour of 
our absonse; the more so, as we carried with us the most of our Fire- 
locks fit for Service, and left behind us many men, who at that time 
were avowed Enemies and continued to be so untill tarring and feather- 
ing was practiced on some of the worst of them, which caused the rest 
to take shelter under Dun more at Norfolk. 

The Acts of Assembly for raising the second & third sett of Conti- 
nentals were Completed here, not a tenth of which have returned, the 
Sea has swallowed many of our young men & many more has been 
taken on that Element & never returned. Some has gone to the back 
country. Those different avenues to the loss or absense of our young 
men renders our Situation very important — As our attachment has ever 
been warmed with zealous sentiments for our Cause, we must have par- 
ticular Enemies, hitherto we. have really prevented by our exertions in 
the last invasion, the Enemy from lulling the whole of the lower Counties 
into a State of torpidity, as they could singly, had we ever been dis- 
persed, have rode unmolested, from Portsmouth to Petersburg, as the 
latter neighborhood & the County of Prince George seemed to have lost 
their patriotism with the skirmish at Blandford — Their different 
marches through this County, with the loss of our Slaves, Vessells, 
Stocks, and impoverishing us by plunder and caussing us to neglect our 
business, added to our own Army's impressments has really injured the 
people so much m their property, that I conceive it would be an act of 
cruelty to insist on their now making up their quota of troops, when 
we have all actually been Soldiers more than Twelve months, maintained 
ourselves, & did as labourious and dangerous duty as any Soldiers in the 
Continental Army — besides, policy would direct that as many of these 
militia bhould be kept at or near Portsmouth as we have, as they ever 
were and I am sure ever will be ready to turn out on any invasion, or in 
any just cause. They are now good Soldiers, the necessity of the times 
and the critical situation we were in last summer required severe dis- 
ciplain and hard duty, which was really practiced. I declare on my 
honor that when I Commanded a Regiment in the established Army I 
did not enforce more, indeed it was necessary; their bearing it at a time 
they had a powerful Enemy in their neighbourhood insinuating into the 
graces of all they thought could be serviceable to them, and their not 
succeeding, was a convincing proof, that the people in general in this 
County were disposed to preserve, at the risk of their lives & propertys; 
they were both exposed, the last not only to the Enemy, but to our- 
selves; and had it only been those of our own County which were to have 
been fed here, our distresses would not have been so apparent, but some 
months we had the whole army in Virginia to feed, even without 
money or the idea of it, as not even the paper bubble was introduced to 
the people from the publick treasury. I took from the inhabitantB, to 

CAlS3sn>Al^ CfF fTTATK TAT^RI^ fijl 

fmsd tike tniofiF mder srr OmaiMaHi, imtil] 1 H^f:eTvnme>d tk^ !^vi<r^r t^ I'TSS 
koKT ^tkt OomplaiiitA a[ tkttm witbfuii itome t4*ii4om of T^7«w«& — to ^lii>r^ ><^ 
palisU' tii«iT«4uiiarK: I t4Kik fromi Jmy^tc^ t^ll « ^TN'>^rtior--4'>r) hiving 

cMbBB ii> lie of i7aiiie.XD pu^ in pKymeni af Tuiir^ A do wimt <^tb«r fiif^^r 
could — ^hm iiehffeid. amon^ the tm%i of our Oom)Uiiifil$k we tiivd the liv^ 
Aflsefmbh- bw: rendered tbofie Certi^aaMti^ niu>»tor\\ bv ik«i niiikinc ^nv 
mfflitiafn of ti»ein. Tiie Hanciiinmbie Hr, Hardy heing of ih\^ C-f^mty 4t 
pes^Bcthr aoquaiiited wttii our dtstrmMss can h^U^r infonn vMir h^mrd ^' 
«BT a^MT CalamitT amttied hr hmu TberciihTe 1 «iti^mid i>ot Have hei^t 
so protix, hot jEl the unanimotis 4 |iartictilar rN|ii«j«l <!i>f <^ Oonri. iif>4 
ST own f&ttakgf^ far tiie pctciple, add^ t«o wbai 1 Imfiihtx* t^mk afi ^MH 
of pcdkr in detaining the miKtia. wben titc^ vnay prohaHtx* he i9errk^> 
aUe. kas iadaoed me vo trouble you cm Ute^ml^KkClK 1 ^»ho«il4 he ^n^ifmi^- 
fiill indand, wiMD I have my pen on tbe fm^^eicit if I did noi menti^^ to 
j<m iMweafitl ggryJccB rendgred by tiie Ooanti^s of ^oi}t.haifipt*oii 4k $<iri::^\ 
there may be «0Be reison why they should he ex«Mi|>t«d fWivvi %he ^Y«A 
Ae- * * * * mainv i^ KaiK'ewioi^ 

required my aeknowledgemeiits, thos^ heinir VMai^e^r to Voft^ttkOiHth vMjr 
io some measare apok^^ixe for their not ^escertiviit tJli«NMieh<'M e<^iM^lly w^lK 
oa. Prinoeas Anne k some part of Noilolk Oonniy havti Kev^eliltiN) h>^* 
the Enemy, hat the greater part of Norfolk l^Miaty Kav^ «m#M^. 

I will tire the patience of yoar Excelk^ney k hovKmrabk^ li<> Kw^c^ttx) 
Petition in the oiost ferrent manner that you would i(ii«pend t h^ Kti ftS^ 
Draaght Ac * * * and thut j^ni wiil <NiiniK^ th'^^ 

certificates for supplies taken by me for the troo)v» uuder n\v <h\mmat\it 
to pass in payment of taxes, if within your |>t>wer. 

Most respectAiUy & with fj^ixvnt wteem 
I have ihe honor to nulworibe ru^'neh' 

Ao»» Ac, 

Col: GBORes Batlor, 3d Light Draooonh tHi Ooi.: Davinh. Miih«ti tOih 

Introducing Capt: Swan, who waits on him for tho purpOHO of tmving OiirnltH« Oh. 
his rank settled. His claim appears a just ono: ho wan appolntml Cap- 
tain in his Reg'tthe 20th January, 1777. 

Ool: Chris: Fkbiokr to Col: Davinm. Mnttfh UhU 

Dr Col: 

Tours of the first instant, per: Mr. Ilughom cjarne to IimimI lain (UimhtttiikiiA 
last night. I wish it had come sooner, an I have beoti obllgVI i4j ilt^iH\li ^^'^ ^^^^^ 
my Dispatches for the northward for want fff knowing the thUirtu]iiti^ t^m^nf^^* 
tion of Government with Bespect to Hupplieti. I shall make tny e^iU 

^ r vrirf T>iR. OF .^ATX PxPmE& 

n%. maceft ibr I2fH} men or 3 Sie^ment» <ia &')afyp«iAtioa c&afiflnsk: & 
Xsrrh lOth of dLftxi can be raiB^'i amiiiF eke iimc cvMRrnitiiii^ Law: wiliisk I bnlLsw vtfi 
prr>«hir!ft men. dttvi^Fsi have been briu^r in wichin. & &ir Dvvm. I bad 
airRa*iv 'ieCt^nnintHi &> .^ieiiii on eke men in aomiMHS •]£ I^ «ir 8<^^ a* ao 
oianj nrft tinotiiiti go a. waic^n. Ami irrim die Distauiea «^ tka Sta^ea <mi 
the B*iac«L it; i» inip«iiHRhiii mr ciut men Gu -any chear pm^inaiia an. tkir 
BfU^k». Toa really ti^ufhcen mtt. wiien yoa :ia.3r I in&y «4e{K!iifi on b«iii^ 
«i€arvetL £ hiive jllreathr wrcice (nfflt»cai WaHiumr&m tliily^. I aftakfl 
apply CO eke minitM^r «if War witk ail ptMiiihie DiHpaiaKk. Bos jua know 
eke EHstance go Phila*ie4phra — eke £Hiiiity» «ietsaiHiHi «i by ekir ^. m rs ia 
tfowarriinc letcers appears <»ieariy in one wkifik I vmemvr'fi firsofc Gcnetml 
Watikintrt^n, •fenc per Mspr«a». yuCL is wa» a nuincki 4»lii wken £ |e<>tt it> 
Wken m.y IHi»pa£idietf E«aiik eke miniBCer. -m many aE« ti» b« coaoakedL 
aati ier«a£ Botiy» mo^r^io -^iiiw^ ckac ic wiil b(e sMioie tama- tkrlbre may 
piles «*an eome on &f>aL ckere^ in tike meaacune ii: die State 
kjtr .^aHaCanee. I amst bnsak op die Piiat <lk *iiiHfoniiBn» diie Ti 
mi any BaiHnetH- wka&iftver. beuuc abnu^iy very near jisarna^t at 
Tki^ra^ appeim co be :i<>aie «i%slJecC9 in eke oniers^ (^<<iveraffli£Kfi werc' p&e«^4 
fia hifHie CO thi& anti die AiQ»i!en£ Cooncy Caazta «r CaaHBuaHa«va> witli 
Bespeet m tke CoUeedon oif die Speci]fe» — dieae<iMaBa la anJiy ibr ftatoa — 
I imosc eanuKdy reftinemi yon G*^ pnivail on G<a««cuBcni ia grvv- ordcts 
ft>r die* a>ileedt>n of gram ako« ami d}r cc» iMtlhruy e» Let: Wbl Sler* 
Hn^ dmidu A. I>. Q. ma^cer &> tkm^ PUiMi. wko £» legally ifptfifatij wBd«f 
Coi: Carrin^ctoo. I>. Q. 3L Geol : aofi hii«^ B«f<reipc» olf ««9iiza« va&i lo^ih 
«FS to oukke it a Condnental Ckikr:£«k 

I will tafe^ ear« dia£ nodiui^ :»kifcii be watfCetL 4 in Jwstae^ t& Lie«t: 
Smltiu maHt ;Miy ke kieep« kbf Aei!«jan£» in better avtiiir* mmi diws k» 
Duty better tkan any i^. IL I bikve kiui to »ieai witk. I bc^ yoa to 
mifom me what C<i>anty» an» ^^ct apart tor die parpoise oi sKxpp^ying 
chm poet, ontil tke Fui;iac'i«^ can torn hm ALCend«>n ckits^ Way. I betiere 
tkey are. Ameliai. CamberiaiuL Biickiiijrkam, G<>«)ckiaiui 4 Fowikataa. 
Tke Pei>ple brin^ in tkeir Bcu^on ^ery ^>w «i :ieeaL ratker wil&a^ to pay 
in BKMiey. Tk» alarms me. ai» if all tkese Coonty^ pay ia tWir Baeon^ 
it will Eiapily Iai§t a» til For^ytk will kmn^ any Tkin^ ia kia power. I 
lia^e wrote kin oliten. Bat tke anc^wer '» always tke rraaar I kare no 
■i«)oney nor p«o^ntf£oni» ke say^ I kare wrote Btair aad tVe Flnaaeter. 
and expect 'ially to kear from. tkem. 

We kave niM: k^ a montklfoH oi fr>^ meat since CbratoiasL I hare 
npwaris^ olT 5<> sck. and ^ome in tke small pox — tkeir stnation Is truly 
depl*>rable. and y*>a may gue!<» at mine, not kaiin^ a Brais» fiirtkin^ to 
anpport my^Lf witk^ and wais it not 6^ a litde sngar aad collce wkich 
Mrs. Febfi^r broo^kt witk ker. and wkick b» nearly exkaiKited, sW mifest 
starve. I wdl se»i an Officer to Peter^bnrir. bat kow ke will solMnst I 
know not — I :«ent Lt : James^^ Mortt^Hi. my Commsssary o« ke^rv tbe 
]>etaeknieBt. it was witk mack DilKculty ke conki ptoenxi^ prorkioiiB 


enough to foward on the Detachment. The Posts of Wincheeter & 1782. 
Staunton are broke up, and it may be the case with other places pointed March lOth 
out for RendezTous. Several men have been received at the 2 first 
places; for want of subsistence sent on by themseves and deserted, and 
this will ever be the case, how the men rais'd under the last Act are to 
be releiv*d, I know not yett. this and some other matters I must defer 
untill I see you, which, sickness excepted, which has troubled me all 
last week, will be before next Sunday. 

I have ordered Poulsen to continue on the Eastern Shore to receive 
the men ras'd under the new Law, and to send on the men he now has 
(and of whom I send you a Descriptive List) to Richmond. I shall 
mention your Paragraph to the Minister of War, with Respect to the 
State being neither able or willing to make any more Advances to the 
Continent. Pray gett what Acts concern my Duty ready, against I 
come down. 

I am glad you open'd mine from Posey, that you might see and inform 
Grovemmont of the consequences that has & do arise from not the least 
attention having been paid to my Letter to the Governor, bearing Date, 
the 16th of November, on the subject of Innoculation, which was accom- 
panied by one to you, and sent by the Sergeant whom you permitted to 
ride home for a few Days. I have not seen a Paper a long time, & wish 
you could drop me one now and then. I enclose you the Proceedings 
of the Officers, and beg you in my own & their Behalf, as well as for the 
Benefit of the Line at Large, to exert every nerve to gett our Lands 
laid off this Spring. I shall bring with me about £5000. 

Mrs. Febiger thanks you for the polite attention you allways pay her, 
and I am as usual, 

yours sincerely" 

John Tyler, and Henry Tazewell, Esq'r, certify, that in accordance March 11th 
with the permission of the Council, they have examined Benj: Dabney 
Esqr, "t9uching his knowledge in the Law," and consider him entitled 
to a "Licence to practice." 

Jno. Herbert to Gov. Harrison. March llth 

Having been informed by Mr. Hunter of his Excellency's desire to Portsmouth 
have built, "Gallies for the Defence of this State," he sends the dimen- 
sions which according to his judgment are proper for such vessels, and 
their ^'Rig" as will best suit "this Bay & Rivers"— viz "from 50 to 65 
feet strait Riwelt, from 24 to 26 feet Beam, 9 feet hold & 3 feet 8 or 10 
inches waist: with a flush Deck & Gun wail fore & aft: to mount from 
12 to 16 Six-Pounders — from 24 to 26 Inches will not be too much dead 


I782L riaev eonrndaring the Teaaeb Breadtk of B«mm. to mmka tke Teasel 
Mmnh lltii drm.w aa eflfff drmogiit of Wstfo; ^he omst h&ve & Lon^ wkie Host 4 the 
FIoAt to mn Aft sm wM a» fi>waztL tt> inak» thft Teasel run on sat eren 
Keji" — ^la retc&rd to the ^£^'^ he diinJB either ^^Bnggjiy SloofM or 
Scbooaers will aaawer."^ He- \» hoc now eiapiojed sail sh^II be giahd^ if 
chej ema agree u^ob tenii& to omiia^take two o^ three of these ^reeeela. 

Mmtch VSdi Pnmogr (^ Cot.: TmMDmasjcK WnuncK tv> tsx E Lul ' ltivm ffc» KMLncr 

BSehnunid He wae hy Aet of AaeeoMj^ of Idtk Oct: fZT^ empowered CcmukO 
to appoint &e. Comndsmom^ '^fiognieer for this State "^ with, the rank 
of CoioaeL He hae never ree d paj or sofoosteiijce snee Maj 1780 and 
haa been rednecd to the ^greatest degree of neeeaBctT.'* He bow appemla 
fer refi^ il^ h«ag allowed proper Cntxieatea of hi» paj, wanrasts fiir the 
Laad granted all oiBects k aoidlexs oi the liae by the A jacmh iy. He 
ever been aetive aad fittthlhl in h£» services to the State, and beittg 
to retim to h» own CooLtrj. desires to earrj back w^h him the 
erkkmee of his hoaoorahie eare^r. both in jnstke to hianelf and to the 
state whieh had hon<»ed him with her CcHnm^Bon. 

March tstit Caft: Hssorr Tonus to Col: DathSw setting fi>rth the cfistreased sit- 

nation of the Post at Point of Fork tor want of proTi»«»iSw 

Mr. Ford cannot possMy finish the boilding there witho<it nniia. He 
draws attention to the £iet thnt he has on! j seven daj^ &rage at this Poet. 

jfaveh 13th J- Madisos k Jas: Josis to Got: HAnniaos. 


We are honored with joor fiikTors of the 22d xmIl. and 1st instnat^ 
the last eoTering a resoiation of the House of Delegates of the 5th 
Jan'j lastf whieh we had belbre reeeiTed and lodged along with the 
Snperinte'dts of Finance. We cannot at present retom a tuR answer to 
jour request respecting the snpptj of Beef reqnired from Tirg'a lor the 
Soothem Army. It is probable we shall be able to do it by Mr. Ban- 
dolph who will set oif in a few dajr» ibr Tirg'a. Respeetliiiij we are 

&r. yr: most hnm: Serrta.** 



Col: Batixs to tek Gtoternor. 1782. 

»g^ llsrohl2th 

In obedieDoe to the orders of Council, 1 have yrrote to finch of the W«r OflUse 
Connties ms hrnvt Ivd off their drriflions. to fbmish the most speedy 
information of the nnmber of bec^efi ther have delivered and what they 
have on hand : and to those Countiet^ who have not vet attended to this 
bosineBR, I have oommnnicated your ExeeUenry's orders, that they may 
proceed immediately to it. Bnt thif> of itee]f will not be sufficient, nnieas 
some person is appointed in eack, to receive, foward or dispose of them 
as he shall be from time to time direct^ed. At present there is no one 
in any of the Counties, whose duty it is to attend to this, or scarcely 
any other Article of Speci£c Supply. In many places numbers of the 
Cattle are dead, and the remainder will die, unless some immediate re^cft- 
lation can be adapted. In some few parts of the Country indeed, the 
people have taken the Cattle and fatt^^ned them themselves: but mo^of 
them refuse now to deliver them up. alledging that had it not been fbr 
them they would have been dead, and that the expenoe of feeding them 
has been as much as thev are worth. There is a irreat varietv of arti« 
cles which have been for a long time dispersed through the Countiy 
under the orders of Mr. Brown, which never have, aud 1 fear never will 
be either reported by him or accounted for by those who have them. A 
great deal of grain is at this moment lying useless in the hands of Com- 
missioners, and great numbert; of hides are lodged with different people 
throughout the State, of which no return has ever yet been made. 1 
would therefore beg leave respectfully to suggest to your Excellency, the 
absolute necessity of ibrmiug nome genentl system for the immediate 
collection and disposal of those stores, as well as of those Specifics which 
are required by the late law. If the Country was laid off into ten or 
twelve districts, and a person of character and abilities, appointed in 
each, to make enquiry into every kind of public prop^erty belonging to 
the Quarter Masters, Commissaiys, Clothiers or Military Store depart- 
ments within the Districts, and report to this office, or to any other as 
your Excellency may think fit, it certainly would be beneficial. These 
persons might be authorixed to demand and settle the accounts of the 
various Specific Commissaries and Commissioners who have never been 
prevailed upon yet to render them, noth withstanding the ft^uent appli- 
cations, which I am told have been made for them. These persons 
might alsKi, in their several districts, take the directions of the Specifics 
that are shortly to be colle<'ted. Those furnished by the northwestern 
Counties might be sold to the contractor for supplying the Prisoners at 
Frederick in Maryland. The greater part of the South western Counties 
might be allotted for the supply of the French Troops at Charlotte 
Court house. The specifics upon James River above the Fork might 
be collected at the Point, and those immediately at and above the fkUs 




i be broQgkt to BaduMsd. wh3t iht 1 

lower a»d SowtlMim comities 


tke rhrtr miglit be appitipffiasod iar 

tke ■■pport of ike Post at 

PortflaKMEth or t^ «P|>fy o^ t^ Fmdi 

at WaSamAmrg and Toik. 


proiidiiig ibr tiie fiiibBsi«Beeof Mr. IHdr^* Aitifinnat FrodflrickB- 


tlke SpetijBcs between tbe t^Foe monJLi 

en iiTCis Bi^^t be eoUeded 

to ecvtoia cKwreaWnt pointi vpoa nsTigalmiL and mwait joor Kzoel- 

Froai tbedailreomplaiiitKtf want of IbwiiaronrtioopaaBdaitifieen, 
and of Ibm^ lor our teain&, a»d froM a oonrietaon tbat t k e y will still 
eoBtinne to soffBr, notwithstanding tke want ci proTuion wbick the 
■pectfie tax will raise. I hare thoo^t it m j dstj to nuke this lepi cs on - 

Shoold jonr Bzoelleocj think any thing on wmj part ean be done to 
htaSitaht a proper regalataon of this bnsineas. I shall be haf^j to give 
•rerj assiitinrp, as 1 ooneeiTe it a maner of great and pressing impor- 

I hare the hooor to be, with the gneatast req>eet 

Tour Excellency's obed: Ser^ 

Mar^ lift Cfl^it: Beiib«i MitchelL having been a prisons- since the Ist may last, 
and baring onoe been paroled by Gov : Jefferson, and after having made 
several ineffeetoal efforts to get a copy <^ the charges (if any) against 
him, begs <^ Gov: Harrison, that he may either be brought to trial or 

Mmw0^ lath Coisi AxTHrm Campbxll to Col: Wm. Datiss. 


Wsthiiigtaii Tour letter of the 29tb of Jany. reached me late in February. I sap- 

^^ pose you are not informed that oar Soatbem Commander in Chief is 
obliged to employ pari of the force of the Carolinas and Georgia against 
,the unfriendly Southern Indians and the Tories that have taken refuge 
among them. To accomplish his purposes we are asked to assist, and 
our own immediate preservation urges us to comply. About 200 men 
from this county are now on the point of marching to join Colo: Isaac 
Shelby who commands the force destined against the Towns situated on 
the sources of the mobile. 

This enterprise will necessarily postpone our draft for fibular Soldiers, 
and afterwards, I am doubtftd whether it can be effected at all. The 
frequent fiulures in furnishing quotas of men from other counties, whilst 
this, in most instances came up to, and in some, exceeded the demand. 
The various Services of the militia performed the two years last past, 
yet unpaid. The Losses the beet friends to America have sustuned by 
our injurious money Schemes are objections not easily answered. How- 


ever I am anxioas that the commaDity I live in should continae to 1782. 
exhibit instaDcee of virtue; and exert themselves at the last in supporting March 18tb 
the general cause, for there is nothing I dread more than an inglorious 

Gould not militia delinquents sentenced for six months answer the 
purposes of the ensuing campaign. This would go down, for most would 
be interested in having it Executed, and some how there is a general 
disgust taken place for what bears the name of a Regular." * * 

*' I will supply Col : Martin in part out of our little magazine ; but I 
hope you will replace it by the bearer, as troubles from the Indians may 
be repeatedly expected the ensuing Summer, and if in your power a 
Small addition more, also an order for Lead, as Mr. Saunders, Col: Lynch, 
Assistant at the Lead mines refuses to deliver some formerly ordered by 
Grovemor Jefferson, saying he is instructed otherwise by Mr. Boss. We 
have been straitened in procuring a sufficiency of this article to arm the 
men going against the Indians. I am informed something above 200 lbs 
powder is delivered by the widow of Genl : Campbell to our magazine 

Late accounts from the Southern Head Quarters states matters in a 

promising light. 

I am Sir, 

with much esteem and respect 

your very humble Servant." 

Col: Thos: Newton jnr: to . March 14Ui 

His letter in regard to carrying the cannon up James Eiver is received. Norfolk 
Had he gotten it in time he should have gone to the landing and attended 
to the business himself. Draws attention to the policy of "setting aside 
the caveats" and selling the forfeited property in Norfolk, much of 
which is very valuable— concludes " we hear fighting every day & night 
her^ (off our Capes), the coast is full of privateers & few vessels get in, 
pray have a post fixed to this place. If I can render any service to you 
or the officers in this qut: do command me." 

Col: R. Cowpsr to the Governor, in regard to enforcing the draft. March 16th 

The Field Officers and magistrates had held a meeting, but found the Hampton 
County had not been "assessed in Specie agreeable to the Act of Assem- 
bly, and no commissioners appointed Since 1780. The county has been 
in great confusion for eighteen months past; the militia composed of 
water-men and Pilots, and many of the Seamen now absent. The Pilots 
do duty in rotation on board the French ships; and in march last, in the 
action between Colo. Mallory and Colo. Dundas, the county lost seven 


1782. Col: Wm. Preston to Gov: Ha&eison. 

March 15ih 

Montgomery A letter from Col: Wm. Davies, Commissioner of the War Office 
CottDty dated the 30th of January was received ahout the 15th Feby: making 
requisitions for the quota of men to be raised for the Continental Service 
and act of Assembly of Oct: 1780. In April 1781, he had had the 
County laid off, in accordance with the Law, and the '^ thirty eight men 
called for'* were drafted. The Commissioners of the Tax not having the 
money to pay their bounties, the men were furloughed, and so the 
matter stood, until the receipt of the above mentioned letter. As many 
as had not deserted were again collected, but there being no money to 
pay them, they were again furloughed. He had *^ moved the Court*' 
that a levy of Sufficient money, be made, but this was rejected. He has 
done all he could to carry out the orders under this Law, but with no 
avail; the men will desert before "any thing effectual can be done/' 
Calls attention to the necessity of filling the place of Colo: Ingles, 
resigned on account of '^ his infirmities." Proper persons should also be 
added to the '^ Commissioners of the Peace,'* rendered necessary for 
keeping good order in that "frontier County to which so many dis- 
orderly People resort from different parts of this State, as well as the 
Southern States." 

lUrchlfith George Wrat, 1st Justice of Eliz: City Co., to the Governor. 

Hampton In accordance with Col : Davies Instructions a session of the Co. Court 
had been held with a view of executing the provisions of the Law of 
1780," levying a two pr: cent, tax in Specie, and for collecting provisions, 
clothing &c., but that owing to the disturbed situation of the county for 
the past eighteen months, nothing could be done. The county had sus- 
tained Several difierent corps of troops "Stationed at Hampton; their 
Sheriff had been killed in the service, they had had no Court Since 
march 1780, and no Commissioner appointed. He therefore asks for 
Instructions as to whether this Law should now be put into execution, 
and awaits his reply. 

March 16th ^^^' Georqe Skillern TO CoL: Wm:' Davies. 

Botetourt The orders to recruit the quota of men for the Continental Service 
County are received, and the officers of the County summoned to carry them 
out, but he regrets to Bay "the business has been put completely out of 
his power," because of the discontent and resignation of the officers, 
arising out of the promotion of Mr. Ward as Lieut: Colo, over Colo. 
McClenahan" who has on every occasion distinguished himself as a 



most zealous Friend to the cause, and in several engagements in Carolina 1782. 
very deservedly acquired the Character of a brave officer." He is March 16th 
'^ exceedingly popular in the County'' and unless commissioned as Lieut; 
Colo.*' it will be attended with very bad Consequences" in as much as 
the other officers, so influential with their companies will refuse to serve, 
thus rendering the militia of the County entirely useless. Mr. Ward is 
however *'a man capable of business & much attached to the Cause and 
is generally esteemed as a sober honest man." He awaits the " determi- 
nation of this unhappy dispute/' before which it will be impossible, to 
comply with any orders sent by his Excellency. 

The Proclamation in regard to the British Prisoners of War came to 
hand some time ago, many of these men are in the County, and upon 
being arrested and brought before him, had produced Certificates of 
their having taken the Oath of Allegiance to the State," have paid 
taxes, and behaved as good Citizens. Others who have fHends in the 
County seem desirous to "become subjects." He will not send them 
down until an answer is received to this letter. The clothing due from 
the county should have been sent, but no one would undertake to carry 
it, unless paid in Specie. He has "one Eifle & Shot-bag taken from a 
deserter;" as it is puttie property, "would wish to know what is to be 
done with her." 

Col: Thos: Newton jnr: to Col: Wm. Da vies. March 17th 

**Dr. Sir 

We are at a loss for the laws of the last session of Assembly. Norfolk 
I shall esteem it a particular favor if you'd get them from the Printer & 
send them to me, having a right to a set as member of the Assembly & 
a justice for this place, we only rec'd the law for procuring a wagon 
two days ago, have not the Act yet for holding a Court of Claims, nor 
know not how to proceed in getting our quoto of men for the Conti- 
nental Service. I only rec'd a letter a few days ago from the Gov'r 
dated two months past, Js it not greivous to think, we cannot get three 
men to Act as Judges in a Court of Oyer for trying the traitors, they 
are all taken up here & sufficient proof to hang many of them if the 
Court was to sit here; but the witnesses have not money to bear their 
expenses to Eichmond, & the most atrocious villians will escape by it 
(even murderers) if the public cannot provide some way of carrying the 
people up at an easy expence, by sending a vessel to attend on them, 
or procure some judges to attend here or at Williamsburg on the 
occasion, if these escape, adieu to all order & Go\ernment in these 
parts. Some came to Princess Ann Court with Clubs a few days ago, 
but by spirited exertions they were quel'd, yet if examples are not 
made, they will be too many for the good people, as it will be best to 


1782. be jack of both sides, P^J P^^ ^^ your opinion whether a person 
March 17th having a parole & reAising to act as a militia man has a right to trade, 
open stores Ac., & whether he ought not to be sent off to the Enemy. 

I am, 

with respect, yr: obt. Serv't" 

March 18th Majob Pat. Lookhabt TO Grov: Harbison. 

Botetoari Resigning his commission, in as much as he cannot do duty in the 
^* present oonflised state of things, growing out the dispute between Mr. 
Ward and Mr. McClenahan as to their right to the Lieu't: Colonelcy. 
Ward had been recommended by the Court of which he (Lockhart) was 
a member, and he opposed his election, from no hostility to him, but be- 
cause to promote him over McClenahan, would be a positive affront to 
the latter. This recommendation had given such general dissatis&ction, 
that all the officers had resigned, at a time when ''an Insurrection, 
of the Tories in a neighboring County was Hourly expected." Subse- 
quently, Mr. Ward had intimated that rather than "impede the service'' 
by persisting in his course, he would decline contending for the com- 
mission, but he has since been Commissioned, whereupon the whole of 
the Officers have resigned, and the districts cannot be laid off, nor can 
a Court Martial be held in the County. The greatest confusion has fol- 
lowed, and no officer can be expected to do his duty with credit or satis- 
faction "while matters are in their present "situation." 

March 19tb JoHN Beoklet TO Gov: Habbison. 


Bichmond The writ of ne exeat republica, being judicial process, the Attorney 

General cannot, I presume, with propriety, prepare one in the case you 
have been pleased to refer to him : nor for the same reason, does it seem 
to come within the letter of those powers, which the Constitution or, 
any particular law, hath placed in the Executive. 

In the present case, two remedies lie open to Mr. Desmarais. By the 
first if either of the parties is a citizen of this State, upon a Bill filed 
and allegations proved, his Judges of the High Court of Chancery, 
during vacation, or the Court in term time, will order a writ of ne exeat 
republica: the other remedy is provided by the Act of October Session 
1779, "for encouraging the commerce of nations," by which it is declared 
"that the Consul of any particular State or nation, residing here, may 
take cognizance of all differences, controversies and litigations, arising 
between subjects or citizens of his own State only, and finally to deter- 
mine and compare the same, according to such rules or laws, as he shall 
think fit, and such determinations to carry into Execution. And that 



where aid shall be required for executing the same, the Governor, with 1782. 
advice of the Council, using their discretion therein, may order any March loth 
sheriff within his own County, or any military Officer whatsoever, to 
execute, or to aid or assist in execating any such determination : pro- 
vided the same does not extend to life or limb of the offender.*' 

Of these two remedies, the latter appear to be the most summary and 
effectual for Mr. Desmans. 

On behalf of the Attorney Greneral, I have honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obdt, humble servt." 

J. Madison Jnr: Jos: Jonsb and A. Ln to Gov: Harrison. March loth 

The motion we made for Congress to accept the Beef, that might be Philadelphia 
supplied by the State for the Southern Army, above her former quota 
of that article, in divisions for its value in the last quota, is referred to 
The Superintendent of Finance, who has not yet reported upon it. 

If our accounts are true touching the evacuation of Charlestown, 
which is said to have taken place on the 24th ult : it will hardly be an 
object for us to press, considering the precedent it will establish. 

The capture of Cornwallis and of his Army has made a great impres- 
sion on the European Courts in our favor; & the evacuation of the 
Southern parts of the U. S., will probably raise such an opinion of the 
establishment of our Independency beyond the power of G. B. to shake, 
as to incline some of those Courts to an Alliance, that may make our 
Enemies despair of ever succeeding against us. The alarm in England 
is very great. Strong & pointed Petitions have been presented against 
continuing the war, the opposition in the House of Commons has 
reached within 41 of the ministerial majority, & the accounts from 
N. York are, that the Lords, North, Germain & Sandwich are actually 
displaced. Vigorous proportions on our part, for the ensuing campaign, 
will give such efficiency to these impressions, as may probably put a 
period to the war. 

We enclose* the paper which will show the success of our Ally in 
the W. Indies. 

Our Colleague Mr. Randolph, who left this place for Eichmond yester- 
day, will give you a more particular account of the contents of our latest 
Dispatches & of the proceedings here, than it is proper for us to commit 
to paper. 

We have the honor to be, with the greatest respect, yr Excellency's 

most obedient & most humble Serv'ts." 


17S2. Col: Gbcmuis Moftkit to ths Govkutob, in reismrd to the exeeotkm of 
Marek TOfk ^^ dimfi for the Contiiiental Armj, ordered for the 9tli of ApriL 

Go. With much -^coDcem'" he informs his Exceflenej ^thftt it isprobfthle 
that <Uj will begin with tomoh k End in some thing worae.** He is 
eonrineed '^opposition will be nuMie to the mlloCtmeot, mud not a t%A» or 
list of anj kind be left with oar Oificer, which (if nothing w<»ae) will 
pot an efleetoal stop to the allottment." — The people are much dis- 
torbed in mind, and are highlj indignant at the proposed drawing, and 
cannot be persuaded, hot that it is imposed ^ccmtraiy to the mind of the 
last Assemblj." Ther are too much exasperated to be reasoned with, 
and are not aware €)€ the ^erfl consequences Ot their condnet.'' Not- 
withstanding all this, he thinks with proper caotioo. and bj allowing 
time for persoasion. and not compelling the immediate execotHNi of the 
Law, many of the Districts may be induced ^to draw thetr Iota.'* To 
further ensure the draft, he recommends that erery District that famishes 
its qoota of men, be credited with a *^toar of militia do^** except on 
occasion of insorrection or inTasion. By a temperiaing policy mach 
mischief may be prerented and probably m the coarse of two months 
many men may be inlisted. 

Mmrdk %kk J. BaAiMPOED to HxsabSw J. Madebon k J. Joins Bsq^s^ Ddegates in 

regard to certain military stores at that plaoe belonging to State of 

They are yet unsc^ and he has not been able ^to gtt them of^'* 
altho' he has made every effort to do so. The most he can get for the 
shot is ^ the price of old iron.*" If risked *" at vendue," they wiU scarcely 
bring costs. The Gov: of Massachusetts thought they ^ might be pur- 
chased for the use of our Castle^ but they were not wanted— condudes 
"■ If the spirit of Privateering s'd again revive they may be in demand 
in part, and with that prospect its poi9sible there might be those who 
might ^peculate." 

MsTch 2Ut Col: Wm. Datiis to ths Govxasoa. 



'^ As the Court of Berkeley have undertaken without any anthimty 
to direct the waggon and team which had been provided, to be delivered 
to the person firom whom they were purchased, altho' they acknowledge 
that the money was tendered according to contract, I must beg your 
Excellency *8 instructions, whether prosecution ou^t not to be imme- 
diately commenced for the delinquency. 

1 have the honor, to be Ac,"^ 


Col: Joseph Nbvill writes to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

March 21st 
"The Inhabitants of part of Cheat River, has Petitioned me to send Hampshire 
them a Sergent and Fifteen men as a gard, and as it is out of my Power, 
without your Excellencies approbation, I would be glad to know, if I 
might suffer that number to go, provided would go Vollunteers. The 
Inhabitants has engaged to find them in provisions." upon which, the 
Executive, requested the Commissioner of War, to order an Ensign and 
twenty men " from the County of Augusta to rendezvous at Tygers 
Valley, there to await the orders of Coir. Evans of Monongalia. The 
men to take with them ten days Provisions. 

Major J. Belfield, Is Reg: L. Dragoons, complains to Col: Davies that March 21st 
the Soldiers are suffering for want of Beef, "owing to neglect in the Petersbarg 
Staff Department." They have been several days without meat, and 
have no prospect of getting any." 

Robt. Stephen informs Col : Davies, in reply, that the County had March 2l8t 
been laid off into districts as ordered, and Sixty eight beeves, and all Berkeley Co. 
the clothing required had been supplied. The latter he hears, "are 
decaying in the pos&)ssion of the Person, by Law appointed to receive 

Col: Davies to the Governor. March 22d 


* * * * "The cavalry in the War Office 

neighborhood of Petersburg will probably never be better equipped in 
this State, than they now are, and General Greene has sent, I am told, 
more than once for them. They allege the want of cloaths, but the fact 
is that Colonel White carried with him to the Southward all the cloth- 
ing which he received from the State and at York, which was more than 
sufficient for his whole corps; yet he left no cloaths for any of the men 
that he did not take out with him. Colonel Baylers cloathing has gone 
on from Philadelphia to General Greenes army, and ho is waiting till ho 
can have it brought back. Colonel Baylor has more horses than men in 
the State, and Colonel White more men than horses." Under those 
circumstances he desires instructions, whether he shall or not, inform 
the officers, that no more supplies can be issued to them, without proper 
Continental authority. 



J¥ If 


^ Av^'mU'iymat 

7'-r,nr>A M ^«rr ^ u^ -7w6T ITT 
9«ffX ^Uut. £U jdtt SflUT 1ft letKst 

a ^nunatx of 

Oi»ifi,wi iwar fj u^ ifjr ^^ 4mj%^ 
m^^A tfff^srf iiViv." 

Umt^% tU i^AiU K<>UrWA ri. C I4Mm* fcr T^ i» Rfir u> Col: Dmrka, with 
C'.< » m i^ i f^4^^ri v> U^ ^MttfAA^flru <^ wa&t 'AifjfA fro^ Pe uxubig. aaym, ^I know 
"^^ ^ '/VMr ii^^^y^ ^ pl«««tj #:^ FV/itr i* T:i^ei^% yjmmatm, ako Bf«Ad; and Beef may 
b^. ieiMl if tt0s'm jMrtrr^:, Tke Tn>of» tidU Jtf« to «crre tbere;. bj the Ust 
lUiUiru fffMn XhaA V'^^ 'Ujtoi i^A ^x^:tftd ^^. I am snrpniiAi to hear 
ti$Ml ib^ mr*: UfA miy^uA prop^rij. I «hal] imiatdiaklT eoquire into 
Ulm t'jfiAtyX k 4'mphkf:^ him if a ipeedj ahenuon don't lake place." 

HlfrU r/4 


hn^'MtHAUU Btkwaict to Col 

. ft 

Mathxwb at Bichmomd. 

K^iuyi hin inUsrfemnce with the Executive to have him ezeosed from 
^^ fUtrviityi tm a (k^tntaumioner" for the district of Greenbrier, in as much 
urn i$it Utm much ^btisineiM as a lawyer" in that qtiarter. Does not con- 
ritii$r himself qiialifSe<J to become a Judge, and would much prefer to 
^'Uk« a stand at ye Bar/' In a^ldition to this the Court for the District 
of Montgomery will |m>bubly set at the same time, and as he is ''engaged 
ou oitii nUUi of all the disputed causes" his appointments will necessarily 
|>reV4tnt the u^^eisptanc^ of the office. 

Msfi'li 'd'M AnwI. Hhiir, i'Aurk of the Council, certifies that Wra. Jlose Keeper of 
ffi (liiiififill l''i*^ I'iilfllc Jail, hiul runte<l by onlor of the Executive of Mr. Richard 
AflarriNf a hoiisu for his official use at the rate of ^Hon thousand pounds 
of crop Tohiuufo of tho upper IriHpoctiqn of Jas: River," pr: year; and 
aiitlM»i*lslti^ liltii to ru'loaso tho nanio at "fifleon thousand pounds toba. 
of the uppiir liiHpocUon of Parnunky River/' 

r^TfFKTtAi: or ^rrjL'rT ^a^ri^ >ft: 

inftu C. House. mnWT trtm; Uw Innci <k Ow«w»v I't^"^ i'*»^<'»>v%n< iK 
letter of thr Bxeeonvt in iift&: ^^mki 9^ S^x^^Mm; aiw, 4;«i«t\; viit. |^nv[v^: 

fouy . and inskotic: ttui: ttn. twtwfnitvr «nc biiiij«(4:^ li»c. i^rne«^i «s to ho^ 
tin* Jiegroc^ wew u> he- di^MiMic of liatcvn lit Mt Rictliwit'MrHi, Oot 1W«i 
ihexi dismiflMd tiie 5«ei^g!aaii and ^TRKni. and nom iniWrms His Rko^^IMik^ 
of the J^Dke'f: ecNinic. miti tbe iufunuUMiD timt ** liMcrr i^ n nnvnlH^v At' 
neirroef^ ^tb the TmofWi' and iuileK« they arr T^^^laim^. **|.Ko5M» w^M^ 
have Prop€fftT of thai kind iii the- xirinin af the i'>ftiii|Vi mnll mif^v b> 
their iroimr off/* 

Majar Belfieid inf ivniHi Ool : liaries that it is iin|vwiihlc (Wr hin^ to lilitf^ tM 
march the TrcM^pf Scimiiward without Cola, BavlorV^ awJot^ H^* I*» IV l » f > > » n iy 
informed C^t: BihmI has proviAioi» in Manoh^fiK^r; but an He havi no 
way of fiending for them. 8ii£^«efiu» thai a tcamiI <vr a wi^^od mn^* be 
gotten in lE^chmond far thifi pnrpofie. 

Ool: DATres to thic KxwnTiVK lifivs^ ^M 

Calling attention to the conflicting c4aim« inC liiont: (\>lo. Waiv) %nA V^'%vi>^<*t^ 
McClenahan to their reRpective rankA, in the militia of Roto^oiirt <V., 
and the great diBsatisfaetion and excitement growing ont. of 1 ho navno, 
among the people. Bequests instructions as to how thi« diA)oii1i>' i^hall 
be arranged, whether by cancelling Ool : Wards commiMiion or by mtb 
mitting the whole matter to a court of Rnquiry« ttoquost^i aluo Kv<vu 
tivc action, ae to whether the indulgence asked ibr by CkA: 8kU)om« in 
behalf of the British Prisoners in that County, shall bo gmntoil or not,. 

John Moylan, Clothier Ginl: ti> Col: Daviks. Mutvlt Wit 

His absence at Boston had delayed replying sooner to his lottor of tho PHilsili^lplils 
20th November. From the scattered ** state of our supplys ** tinill Ut oly 
he has not been able to answer tho enquiries mado by (]i>l: DavIos on 
the subject of clothing for tho Southern Army fto. Hincd his soociptlnK 
this office, his entire time has been given to collecting the olothlng anil 
preparing for a general distribution of it, which he regrets io say hns 
not sooner been in his power to effect. Now however he Is happy U\ 
say that the supply in most of the necessary aKieles Is siiffleleiii Ibr the 



1782. current year, and he will be prepared to fill Genl : Green's requisitions 
March 28d at an early day. He will not be able to make up past deficiencies if 
this be done; the expence and delay being so great in sending Stores 
to Genl: Green's remote position. It would give him particular pleasure 
to comply with the requests of Col: Davies, by sending supplies of 
clothing to Capt: Peyton, but Congress having lately declared " all State 
appointments void " in the clothing department, this is impossible. Mr. 
John Hamilton has lately been appointed "Clothier Genl: to the South- 
ern Army" through whom in future all supplies of clothing will be issued. 
To facilitate the recruiting service in Virginia, a quantity clothing will 
be deposited with Col : Febiger, who will account for the distribution of 
the same. Concludes, "I beg you will accept of my best thanks for 
your polite offer of assistance in the Execution of my business, which 
when occasion offers, I shall take the liberty of availing myself of." 

March 28d 

War Office 

Col: Davies to the Governor. 

I received yesterday from Genl : Clarke, a letter of the 18th of last 
month. He is very anxious to be joined by Colo: Dabney, and repre- 
sents that the infantry of the new legion altho' not very numerous, 
would bo of infinite service to his operations, and if they should reach 
him by the first of June, he hopes they will be sufiicient to turn the 
scale. He writes in a very urgent manner for the Cannon your Excel- 
lency promised him, but at all events, he says he must have two brass 
four-pounders. The piece he has is a three-pounder, and this he repre- 
sents to be too heavy. I am therefore apprehensive that the four 
pounder we have will be of no service to him, as they are all of them 
old fashioned heavy French pieces, and weigh nearly as much as the 
common ^ix-pounders. If there are any here belonging to the Conti- 
nent, it perhaps might bo as well to take them, as your Excellency has 
agreed to the exchange of our battering Cannon for lighter. Genl: 
Clarke writes also for rigging &c. for boats, and adds that without them 
he cannot execute his designs; and that unless he receives considerable 
supplies by June, the consequences may be fatal to the Country. How 
to transport these various articles, together with the clothing appears 
to me a difficulty not easily overcome. Genl : Clarke seems to think it 
best, if Col: Dabney's infantry is sent, that they should go down the 
Ohio with the whole of the supplies of every kind, and there are boats 
belonging to the State now lying in the Bed Stone in Monongalia: if 
Col: Dabney cannot reinforce him the General desires that every thing 
that can be sent him, and particularly the two brass four pounders, may 
go by Holston on cars made for the purpose, with a small escort through 
the wilderness. Mr. Carny, however thinks it impossible. Genl: 
Clarke recommends this gentleman as very serviceable to him. He 


attends your Excellency with this Letter and perhaps may aflTord some 1782. 
information. I shall he happy to receive your further orders, and have March 28d 
the honor to bo, 

Your Excellency's 

most humble Servant" 

Chas. Russell informs Col: Davies, he has enclosed to Major Belfield March 24tb 
at Petersburg an order for "1500 bis Beef which will last the Troops Manchester 
'till tuesday*' when he will send another supply. 

Col : Francis Pbtton to Col : Davies. March 24th 

Requesting a Court of Enquiry to settle the rival claims of Mr. Jacob Loudoan Co. 
Reed and Mr. Alex : McMeiken, to the "majority" in the militia of the 
County. Also for Blank Commissions, &c. 

R. Kello to the Governor. March 26th 

Resigning his appointment as "Judge of the Admiralty" — and beg- Southamp- 
gincc him to believe that this step "arises rather from a necessity than ^^ ^• 
disinclination"; and that nothing but very cogent reasons could have 
induced him to refuse "the very distinguished marks of public honor 
that have been lately offered him." 

Capt: John Pryor, to Col: Davies. March 25th 


Capt Irish at manchester informs me he has six 6-pounders & four Richmond 
threes Brass, the latter I expect will suit Genl: Clarke. Irish cannot 
give me any description oi a Carronade — I will endeavor to obtain the 
proper dimensions of one as soon as possible. I am in hopes by enquiry, 
I may find these taken at Shirley last year— I am certain they would 
carry a 241b ball, and think would answer well for throwing shells or 
canister-shot, & of course are excellently calculated for Gun-boats, more 
especially in the Mississippi — I am Dr. Sir 

Yrs respectfully — " 



March 25tb 


Col: Johv BAinsTXR to Col: Dayibs. 

Knel^^ing the names of certain militia men drafted, who he thinks 
are entitled to immunity from the draft, they having heretofore heen 
employ<rd ^'conveying and collecting stock for the army the last six 
months'* — Others have been excused on this ground. He is doing all 
he can to recruit men, to save the necessity of compelling them "into 
the ser\-icc with a violation of puhlick faith, of which however frequent 
have b<>en the instances," he does not desire to add another. 

March 2Sih 

War Office 

Col: Davies to the Governor. 

There are Six G-pounders, and four 3s, all of brass, belonging to the 
Continent, now at manchester. The three pounders will probably 
answer Genl : Clarkes purpose fully, though I suppose he will not require 
more than two of them, especially as by the order of Council, all of his 
regular troops are to be consolidated into two Companies of Infantry. 
I mention this the more particularly, as I shall send out the order of 
Council by Mr. Camy, and unless the Executive make some alterations 
in it, Gonl: Clarke will be obliged to dismiss all his Officers of Artillery, 
and those of the infantry will be incapable of managing the pieces prop- 
erly, at least 'till this campaign is over, and probably they will not 
understand their business until then. The other three-pounders at man- 
chester, will answer extremely well for Captain Eoane's company in the 
regular legion, and are much better adapted to the nature of a light 
Corps, than the heavy pieces we have of our own. As no application of 
mine to the Continental Commissaries of military Stores will be effect- 
ual to procure them, I must beg the favour of your Excellency to give 
an Order for them, should you approve of the measure. 

I have the honor to be, &c*' 

March 20th 


Maj: E. Claiborne to Gov: Harrison. 

Acknowledging receipt of his in Council of the 19th, in respect to 
Capt: Ilussel, Ads: Depr Quarter master at Eichmond and shall forth- 
with dismiss him — But in view of the value of our Officer's reputation, 
he requests, if possible a suspension of the Order, until Capt: Bussel can 
bo hoat'd in defence. He may himself be able to remove someof the 
causes of Complaint: but he at least desires he may be retained until 
ho shall be able to go to Eichmond and give his personal attention to 
the business — Ho trusts he may not be held responsible for the incon- 
veniences which will follow this sudden action of the Executive — As to 


the wagons and teams in private hands at Petersburg, he was obliged to 1782. 
adopt this course or "let the creatures perish," especially as the Conti- March 26th 
nent had no forage in the State, and she refused to furnish any. As 
soon as this evil is removed, "they shall be thrown into their usual 
channel" and the Hospitals at Gloucester supplied. 

Jos: Jones, J. Madison, Jnb: and A. Lee, Delegates to Gov: Har- March 26th 



The Superintendant of Finance informs us that he has sent a Propo- Philadelphia 
sition to our Executive, which he conceives will answer the object of our 
motives relative to the supply of Beef. 

The latest advices from Europe assure us of the determination of the 
british Cabinet to continue the war, and it is believed that the distress- 
ing our Commerce will be their principle object with regard to the 
United States. France and Spain are sending strong reinforcements to 
the W. Indies, & it is probable they will maintain the Superiority in 
these Seas, in spite of all the efforts of the Enemy. 
It is two posts since we had the honor of a line from your Excellency. 
We have the honor to be with the greatest respect, 

Yr: Excellency's most obt. & most H'ble Sorv'ts" 

Col: Thomas Adams to the Governor. March 27th 

Enclosing a protest on the part of the citizens of Greenbrier (>ounty, Augusta Co. 
against the late appointment of the Commissioners to settle Land Claims 
in that county. They express every confidence in Col: Adams, but in 
view of the disappointments they have experienced, and the arts of 
Lawyers, by which their money has been "grappled away," they beg 
the postponement of the meeting of the Commissioners, until the 
County can be allowed to select such Persons as Commissioners, whose 
characters, and knowledge of the circumstances qualify them to be 
competent Judges &c — Moreover, important witnesses living at a great 
distance must be summoned, &c — Signed by Saml: Brown, Archer 

Mathews, Yanmeter, John Stewart Jno. Anderson, Andr. Don- 

nally, Wm. Hunter Cavendish and Pet. Lewis — The Commissioners 
appointed by the Executive on the Ist inst: will meet at Greenbrier 
Co. House on the 15th next month. 


1782. Gsnl: A. Spots wood to Gov: Harrison. 

March 27th Enclosing account of Mr. Patton of Baltimore for " 500 Caps delivered 
at Fredericksburg" being part of 800 he is to furnish — he has done 
much work for the State and is a good and &ithfull workman " — ^Hopes 
the Executive will give orders to Mr. Ross to satisfy the claim — 

Grenl: Spots wood desires the Troops under his command to be called 
out, and "reduced to some order" as soon as possible. Should this be 
deferred until an enemj invades the State, it would be difficult to collect 
them for prompt Service; and he is apprehensive many may desert 
unless this is done. Should this be done, and they are not wanted in 
the State, " we are certain they will be serviceable farther South — and 
notwithstanding they cannot, by the law be marched out of the State 
but with their own Consent'' he flatters himself that he shall "have 
influence sufficient to carry them anywhere the Executive shall think 
proper to order them " 

March 27th Major. R. Claiborne informs Col: Davies of his having received a 
Fredericks- positive Order from the Executive of Ya to remove at once, Capt: 
hu'^ Russel from his duties in the Quarter masters Department, at Richmond. 
He has however asked for him, a hearing, in as much as the character 
of an officer is a *' sacred thing": and he now requests his friendly inter- 
ference in behalf of this gentleman — He is not aware of the circum- 
stances leading to this Action of the Executive, or he would say more — 
Col: Carrington is hourly expected at Fredericksburg from Philadelphia. 
As soon as he arrives, he shall proceed with him to Richmond; when 
he has reason to think, the abolition of the entire Continental Quarter* 
Masters' Department in Virginia, will take place — 

March 27th CoL: Thos: NE¥rroN jnr. to Gov: Harrison. 

Norfolk Your Excellency's (circular) Letter I received & immediately 

appiy'd to the sheriff to call on the Land holders for one half of their 
tax, which I shall apply to raising troops according to your directions, 
but am afraid the ill fare and ragged appearance of the men stationed 
here will be a great obstacle. Coll: Dabney has appiy'd to me for 
provisions. I have done all in my power to procure lawfully & shall 
continue to urge them to pay specifically, but as this situation 
is such that money can be collected easier than specifics, would 
it not be better to receive the cash & lay it out in provisions — ^yor. 
Excellency will please consider this & give your directions. Coll : Dab- 
ney, 1 suppose will fully inform your Excy. of his situation here, which 
must be very disagreeable; however I hope times will mend. The dls^ 


afected' are taken up & under examination and some undoubtedly will be 1782. 
sent to Richmond for further trial, but unless some vessel is procured March 27th 
at the public expence, or the sheriff empowered to impress one to carry 
the witnesses up they must all escape. I pray you to take this matter 
into consideration, as in this case if a future invasion happens the people 
hereabouts will determine whether it is not better to stay with the 
Enemy & be received as good citizens with money in their purses, or 
turn out & endeavor to defend their country & return in poverty to their 
possessions. I hope yr: Excy. will not be offended at my freedom, as I 
really can, from experience assure you it is true & beg that you'l interest 
yourself in our behalf, as I think from experience you have seen some- 
thing like it up the country. I am with the greatest respect 

Yr: obt Servant," 

Aug: Claiborne to Col: Davies. March 28Ui 

Begs pardon for being troublesome, but his Sons "Herbert & Will" Sossex Co 
assure him, he is always ready to oblige, &c — " Tarlton and his gang of 
theives " paid him a visit on their turn up the country the last summer, 
and took from him "six valuable naggs" — He had before this furnished 
the service "with two of his best," so that he was without any, except 
a "pretty valuable gelding" left by Tarlton, "but quite run down"— 
This horse he had fattened, and had taken the lawful steps to let his 
owner recover him if he could be found. Under the Order of the Board 
of War, collecting all horses left by the enemy, Capt : M. Wall of the 
Q. M. Department took possession of him, but is willing to redeliver 
him, knowing the circumstances of the Case, provided an Order be given 
him — He therefore request " this extreme favor," and that the order be 
sent to Dr. Hull at "Blandford." 

Col: Thos: Newton jnr: to Col: Davies. March 28th 

Asking for copy of the laws, having none there. He has given the Norfolk 
Commissaries* permission to receive " bacon instead of com at 4 lbs for the 
bushel," which is better for the soldiers, "as they will be supply 'd from 
above with flour" — adds "pray if you can, give me some place that will 
at least bear my expences, for I have exhausted all my funds to serve 
the Country & benefit nothing by it. I dont want to make money, only 
to save myself, which I think reasonable enough." 



1782. Capt: J. Pryor informs Col: Davis, he shall send over to Capt: Irish 

March 28th for such ammunition as may be needed for "the two field pieces for 
Richmond General Clarke." The orders for the pieces and other articles, must be 
countersigned by Colo. Charles Harrison, in accordance with the regu- 
lations of the " Ordnance Department." 


Richmond Having been for some time discontinued as "Commissary of Stores," 
but not having yet received his pay as such; and in view of the increased 
expence of living in the town, he begs to be allowed to " take up goods " 
according to their current value not exceeding one-half his wages due, 
in payment thereof. He will interfere as little as possible, if this be 
allowed, with Articles that may be necessary for the Army — Precedents 
of this kind are not wanting, and he trusts the application, altho' it 
involves a bad bargain on his side, may be considered by thp Executive 
a reasonable one. 

March 29th Capt: John Pryor TO CoL; Davies. 

Richmond He has for some time been anxious to make an arrangement by which 
a more complete magazine for the State could be established, than by 
supplying the materials and relying upon the Continental Laboratory. 
As this Laboratory is about to be moved to New London, he suggests 
some steps should be taken by which men c«n be instructed in the art 
of preparing "the different composition" for fixed ammunition, making 
port-fires, Tubes, &c., &c., and he has proposed to Capt: Green now with 
him, to instruct Capt: Allen and others of the most expert workmen in 
thisart. Capt: Green complains very justly of his never having received 
compensation from the State for his services. He had lost everything 
by his efforts to save the Public Stores from the Enemy, and is willing 
to compromise "for one piece of Irish Linnen" for his former services, 
and will, for another piece undertake to instruct Capt: Allen and the 
men, as above mentioned. An excellent Tin-man, whose term of service 
in the Continental department has expired, is in the town and should 
also be employed. He will detain Capt: Green until a reply is received. 

March 29th Edmond BaoOKE TO CoL: Davies. 

«* Farmers He received the warrant appointing him Second Lieut: in "the Con- 

^*^^" tinental Eegt. of Artillery raised by the State," and has "experienced 

all the fatigues and inconveniences attendant on a Soldier," but having 

never reced. any "arrears to defray the expenses consequent thereto," 

desires to be informed how they can be gotten at. 


Jno. Kobebtson to Col: Da vies. 1782. 

March 29th 
When Baron Steuben's Troops were passing from Petersburg to' Richmond 
Chesterfield C. House in April 1781, as Commissioner for that County, 
and Dep : Com : of Issues for the State of Virginia, he was required by 
the Baron to supply the troops with "one gill of Rum or other spirits 
prman, and a Pint to each officer." All the continental Stores had been 
sent up the country, and the order could not be obeyed except by buy- 
ing or borrowing. This he did from " Mr. David Frankling of Chester- 
field County," and supplied the men, as "continental Com: of Issues" 
taking receipts &c. He gave his individual obligation with security for 
this rum, depending upon Mr. John Broune Deputy Commissioner to 
see that the accounts were settled. By his negligence this has not been 
done, and either he or Mr. Franklin must suffer. He trusts however 
that the matter may be settled through Major Forsyth, who has in his 
office the "certificates given the 26th April 1781." 

Mr. Chas: Dick, acknowledges receipt of Col: Davies letter informing March 29th 
him "that nothing cou'd yet be done towards carrying on the Factory." Fredericka- 
Also of the 5th inst., mentioning there would be no order issued for the ^^^^ 
articles arising from the specific tax, in the adjacent counties, to be 
appropriated to the use and support of the Factory. He does not desire 
to be responsible for more than is absolutely necessary; and regrets to 
hear that no "meat" will be paid in, money only can get it. Some of 
the workmen will re-engage if they are "victualled as usual." He is 
sorry so much time has been lost, and probably more, as arms are certainly 
needed, for want of which alone, the Enemy have been enabled to 
penetrate so far into the country. 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Governor. March 80th 

The "Financier" (Robt. Morris) advertises among other ordnance War Office 
"twenty-six 18-pound carronades for sale at the Head of Elk, at 213^ 
dolls: a pair," Suggests, it will be better to purchase those, than rely 
upon Mr. Zane: or at least exchange for them some of the "heavy 
cannon,'* as the Continental Laboratory is soon to be removed from 
Richmond to New London, and as all the " cannon ammunition " has 
been prepared & furnished by it, he draws attention to the necessity of 
providing for a supply afler the removal, and suggests that a sufficient 
number of persons be instructed "in composing and fixing ammunition" 
for this purpose — Capt: Green, who is well "versed in the business" and 
who has already been ii) tb9 service of the State, is willing to receive 

fi^ ejtticrDAa^ (W ^xt^ pjuFsbsi 

P^W. ' ;^ pkfvn^ (^ frt«H Itniiim * iHr -viuu; » jirojMty tne him liniiL die Staoe. 

JNv*^ MH^ dn4 'fKr a«tnf:H«^ pie«u», * ^.U iin«iert;:tk» t:ki -^t»9Kii pmptir p^zaona in 

cf^^T^ Kt**iu*ti '^1* shift Kfwiiwiw" — X ^rwut ninnuin iriil sisn b« gfl emmftj ry. 

INw^H- ivm^ If It i64Mr lUmmm^ 4S4vmwdmmvwM, ^r Tjuxk to €n^ I>MTms^ 

tf^tv^ in fi^^i^»f4 to fmr mn k M^ A& Frwftcik Trof^fft ^ Clidvifitctfr C H^Kse with 

^**^ ^' fcwifc Bi^ kMi •«»* <5«« l/v HMifj CVwwcy for eii^ ifr>rt j ^m huii, hm oohr 
i^Ml4/ ^^ry MMiil said yt¥m esttS^ i(ft«r gr«s£ (ielaj. ka^ bccm rtceircd. 
T«Ai e4 ihmtf w&nf r&immdy ttrnd &a4 %/> be ao^^d. W g«uui^ ior tJke -fifth 
<|MirUnr'^ iMilkffiHC t^it ti^ Hi«ie. TW PM>fi«7 reeerrei wb» in - Fraw^h 
(ttfrntm*" M9t6 t^fUsr po^ymg Umt ezpeace o^ htini^cftg the eanle more ihjui 
4yf»A kt»Nly»>d mrikii, he ffvgjB^estA the rerouundeT be handed OTer to Mr. 
ItMi: Vtff^fsM^ to be tmt4 m the reenntin^ serrice to which he is 
tgppfAnUf4f in m mtteh sm be will not be iibie to rmise money for thmt par- 
pfmt in unj fAh^ w%j. 

kpf%\ im i* Jffmm^ J. HAUtmn a%p A. Lke, to Host: Maj: 6. L»ooi.h Mncis- 


** iff Otffi^ Th(f mkipamn nf rw.Tuiting in Virginia wiU very mach depend on the 

^^^^'^^ IHlkUi baring t^rmn k clothing for the men that may be raised. We 
ihid'd'oro \Hifi you will inform iw, what supply of these Articles the 
Stilts m%y dqiend upon from your department. 

We have the honor to be &c. 

(Answer Copy) 

War-Officb, April 1st, 1782. 
*'] hiive this morning, Gentlemen, been honored with your favor of 
ihifi (lAtOy Intimating your wish to be informed what supply of arms & 
oloihlng, the State may depend on fVom the War Department. 

On the Ist Beptomber last, Congress took upon themselves the whole 
buNJnoss of olothlng the Army & made provision accordingly — As soon 
aM iho Htato of Virginia shall fix on a place of general rendezvous, from 
whioh Hcorult* shall march to join the Army, an officer of rank will be 
appotniiHi to attend that post, to receive & foward them; to whom 
rlothlng and arms will be sent, on his return, from time to time, suffi- 
cUmi! I\illy to clothe & equip the Troops. 

I have the honor to be &c Ac 

Signed B. LINCOLN." 


Brig: Genl: A. Spotswcfod sends to Co: Davies a Return of Equip- 1782. 
ments received for the use of his ^' Legion " — viz 500 Caps, 200 Holsters, April l«t 
200 Mail Pillion, 200 Halters, 80 Bridles. 

Copy of "Agreement" between Robt. Morris, Sup: of Finance, and April lit 
George Eddy, made under authority of Act of Congress, by which the 
said Eddy is allowed to carry two ships, " The New York " and " The 
Fame," to James River in Virginia, to receive for cargo, six hundred and 
eighty-five hhds: Tobacco, weighing one thousand pounds each; and to 
return to City of New York — This is done under the provision of the 
9th Article of the Capitulation at Yorktown, by which the British mer- 
chants residing there at that time, were allowed to sell their goods, and 
invest the amount of Sales in tobacco &c. 

J. Madison Jub: A. Lee and Jos: Jones, to Gov: Harrison. April Sd 

'*Sir: * * * * * * * Philadelphia 

We are obliged to your Excellency for your intelligence fW)m the 
West Indies, which we hope will bo confirmed, Mr. Poster Webb will 
receive every assistance we can give him. 

The copies enclosed will inform your Excellency of the arrangement 
made at the War-Office, relative to the arms and clothing for the recruits 
of our line. We are apprehensive that in the present state of things, 
it will not be enough for the recruiting officer to assure the People that 
the clothing will be ready at the Rendezvous for those that enlist: but 
that he must have some uniforms with him to convince it is not an 
imposition, & that they will not suffer, as others have done for want of 
clothes. But your Excellency will be better able to judge whether this 
is necessary: & therefore we shall not press for the clothing to be sent, 
previous to the Recruits being rais'd, till we have the honor of hearing 
from you. 

We enclose a Resolution of Congress, for retaking such of the British 
Prisoners, as may have escaped from confinement. 

With the greatest respect 

We have the honor to be. 
Your Excellency's most obet. & most hble. Servants" 

Henry Tazewell and Andr. Ronald, Esqrs. certify to the qualification April 2d 
of Messrs. Sami : Anderson and Nathl: Pope, to "practice the Law," 
they having by pennission of the Executive in Council, appeared before 
them for examination. 




April 2d 


April 2d 

David Ross to thb Goyukoe. 


Having a very warm invitation from a considerable namber of the 
Free-Holders of the County of Flavanna to represent that County in 
the next Assembly, upon a promise made to them son^ time ago, I beg 
leave to resign to your Excellency my Appointment as Commercial 
Agent, being informed that 'tis incompatible with the Constitution that 
a member of the Assembly sho* Hold any office in Government. 

I do not mean by this resignation to withhold my best services in 
that Department, should your Excellency think proper to make use of 


I have the honor to be with the greatest regard — 

Tour most humble Servant" 

Proclamation bt Gov. Habrison. 

Kchmond Authorizing the ** Brig Mentor*' to transport under Flag of Truce, 
three hundred and fifty hogsheads of Tobacco to Charleston S. Caro- 
lina, on account of Maurice Simmons Esqr. in payment for advances 
made by him to the American Prisoners of War, at that place, and at 
HadduU's Point &c. 

April 2d 

Kew Kent 

Will: Clayton to the Exxcutive. 

In behalf of Capt: 

Crasley of the Pennsylvania Artillery, 

who had been very badly wounded, "at the action at Green Spring 
July 6th, 1781, and on this account had not been able to return to his 
home when the other Officers went: being now able to travel, solicits 
the aid of the Government. 

April 2d Col: Benj: Blunt informs Col : Da vies, he has sent the clothing and 
Soathamp. wagon required to Petersburg: but regrets to say no beef can be fur- 
ton County nished "fit to eat," but if allowed, can send "bacon instead." 

April 2d Capt: David Hopkins (4th Light Dragoons) -to Col: Da vies. 

Baltimore Claiming his rank as Major, over Capt: Swan: having been commis- 
sioned on the 21st January 1777, by order of Genl: Washington, as 
Captain in Col: Moylan's regiment, as appears by certificate enclosed, 
from James McHenry, Esqr. , 


Maj: R Claibornx to Gov: Ha&eison. 1782. 

ugi|» April 8d 

To prevent an expence to the public, without benefit, I was induced Prederickt- 
to discontinue the Post of Fredericksburg the Ist of this month. There ""^ 

is therefore no business in the Quarter Master General's department car- 
ried on here except the settlement of accounts. Two things fbrther, I 
consider my duty to mention to your Excellency, that is, the supplying 
the Drafts which collect here, and the support of the chain of Express 
Biders from the Bowling Green to Greorgetown in Maryland, which are 
dropped by the Agent of Fredericksburg. 

I have the honor to be &c." 

Edm'd Randolph to the Governor. April 4th 


Supposing that the Executive wish to receive my opinion on the Richmond 
question propounded without loss of time, I must answer your Excel- 
lency's letter upon memory only, as I cannot immediately consult 
authorities; I think however, that I may venture to assert without 
danger of confutation, that an examination and acquittal before a single 
magistrate is not a bar to a second prosecution. Indeed the current of 
adjudication before the revolution, seems to have been, that an acquittal 
by an examining court is a good plea in bar. This, as I have been 
informed, was founded on the peculiar phraseology of the law, respecting 
such courts — But on the other hand, it is notorious that when a grand 
jury finds a bill ''nottruey" the suspected person may be again drawn 
into question at a future day. 

I have the honor, Sir: to be 

yr: Excellency's mo: ob: Sevt — " 

Chas: Russell to Gov: Harrison. April 4th 

He has just seen a copy of his Excellency's letter to major Claiborne, Bicbmond 
requiring the immediate removal of himself from the Quarter masters 
Department — 

Begs to be allowed a hearing, and to lay before the Executive his let- 
ters and instructions, which will show ^'that his conduct has not 
deviated from them " in regard to the public interest, adding " should 
I have said, or wrote anything to your Excellency or Council, that was 
improper and not paying that respect which was due, it was not inten- 
tionally done." 


1782. Jno: Hickman Co. Lieut: to the Executive. 

April 5th 

King Wil- Giving information, that Col : Temples' " Troop of Horse," who have 
liam County y^^Qj^ u bilited in this county three or four months," are turned out of 
their quarters, and are suffering much for want of provisions — ^He is 
informed by Col: Temple, that there is a law "for the commanding offi- 
cer of a county to Billet and supply any troops either stationed or 
stoping in his county"; desires instructions — 

The Executive instruct Col: Davies to order the "Specifics" in King 
Wm. & King & Queen and Essex Cos. to be appropriated to the support 
of this troop. 

April 6th List of Criminals, tried by the General Court, and sentenced " to be 
Richmond hanged" — viz — Robt Smith, labourer. Parish of Hampshire, Hampshire 
Co. for Treason — ^James Hughes, Butcher, Henrico Parish, Henrico Co. 
for Treason — Thomas Johnstone, labourer. Parish of Cumberland, 
Lunenburg Co — Horse-stealing. Wm Smith, alias Wm Nugen, labourer, 
Parish of Dettingen, Prince Wm. County for Horse-stealing. 

April 6th Major Claiborne writes to the Governor, that he has never received 

Fredericks- "the least syllable from the Executive, requiring the return of bis office 

b«rg ^ Richmond; that he knows of no objections to his doing so, as soon 

as possible. His hourly expectation of the return of Col : Carrington 

from Philadelphia, has prevented his going down to Kichmond to confer 

with the Executive in person — 

April 6th Col: Davies desires instructions, as to what kind of rigging and cord- 
War OiBce age will be suitable for the gun-boats intended for Genl : Clarke — 

April 7th Col: Armand to Gov: Harrison. 


Charlottes- I have received lately a letter from the Commander in Chief who 

^^^® tels me that no reinforcement being arrived from europe to Charleston 
as yet, & not knowing what might be the operations of the campaign 
on the enemy's side, he orders me to remain at this post untill called for 
by General Green or by himself — the long station of the legion at 
Charlottesville has in some parts been a distress to the inhabitants — ^this 
with the former wishes of your excellency that we should remove to 
some other part of the Country have induced me to take the resolution 
to march to Stintown (Staunton ) where probably we shall be at the end 


of next week — ^I beg leave to request the protection of the magiatrmtion 1782. 
for the legion while at that poet k in this State, which we shall endeavor April Tlh 
by all means to deserve. 

With high respect, Sir, 

Tour Excellency's 

the most obt hble. Serv't" 

Col: Jno: Flotb to John Mat, Esqr. April 8lh 

" Dear Sir, 

The Savages began their Hostilities early in February, and Jefl^noa 
are constantly ravaging the most Interior parts of the County, which 
makes it impossible for any one Settlement to assist another — Even the 
Populous parts of Lincoln are infested, & from the number of Horses Whole Ooaa* 
already taken off by them, it is notorious to every capacity, that their ^^ik^ q^^^ 
design is to disable the Inhabitants from removing, untill their present ts^ ^ 
intended Campaign from Detroit against Fort Nelson can be carried 
into effect. This design is communicated to us through three different 
channels & so well authenticated that it cannot be doubted: and the 
Conduct of the Enemy ever since last Fall, coincides exactly with the 
information. One fourth of the militia is called for by Genl: Clarke, 
for the purpose of Fortifying the Fort against a Seige — but fW>m the 
immediate danger, in which every one conceives his own Family, the 
authority of militia officers at such a distance from Government grows 
every day weaker & weaker, and the new invented Ideas of a separate CauMt of 
State, calculated on purpose for disaffection & an Evasion of duty, are ^^•••'*** 
BO many causes to retard the necessa^ry Business, and seems to threaten 
us on all sides with Anarchy, Confusion & I may add Destruction — But 
even to suppose that the Works can be completed before the arrival of 
the Enemy, it is then impossible that Genl: Clark, with the inconsider- Q«nl: Clark 
able number of Troops He now has, can defend it: and a Dcpcndance ^^^1^1^ 
on Militia scattered over three extensive Counties, under the circum- 
stances before mentioned, is depending upon a very great Uncertainty, 
especially when the Enemy have all the advantages of a heavy current 
from high up the Miamia to the very place of their destination, they 
can float from the mouth of that river to the Falls in less than thirty 
hours — And to suppose that our Spies should discover their approach as Jefl^non Oo 
high up as Miamia, it will then take eight days at least, before we can be ^^V^^TjP* 
collected, if we were under the strictest military Subordination — Should the Bnemy 
no reinforcements arrive in May & Genl: Clark be obliged to evacuate ^ 
his post, rather than suffer such a quantity of military stores to fall 
into the Hands of the Enemy, and the whole Indian Army let loose 
among the scattered Inhabitants unprepared to receive them, what 
must be the consequence? Is it not evident that the whole must fall a 
Sacrifice? As a means of averting the storm which is gathering against 



1782. ns & preventing these fatal consequences, your immediate Interposition 

April 8tli with the Legislative Body & with the Governor & Council is now called 

for by every Inhabitant of Jefferson County — This is our last effort: 

and your exertions on this occasion may possibly save our Families 

from the Hands of merciless Savages. 

You are sensible from your own knowledge of this Western Country, 
that no place can be better calculated for the purpose of carrying on 
the Indian War against (if I may use the Expression) the Interior 
Frontiers of this State, than the Falls of the Ohio — Its situation is 
exactly centrical to the Northern, Southern, & Western Tribes. The 
distance to Holston, Clinch, New River, Green Brier Ac. very trifling — 
Their supplies already here provided, & the communication to the Brit- 
ish Posts in Canada very safe and easy. I would further observe that 
if this Country must be laid waste, which nothing but an early rein- 
forcement or an Accident can prevent; those settlements above men- 
tioned must once more experience the disadvantages of a Savage War 
& must contend with more than ten times the number which have here- 
tofore visited their Borders— One who is unacquainted with the true 
Situation of this County & also me. might probable conclude that those 
reflections might proceed from Timidity — But you are acquainted with 
both, and can Judge whether it is so or not. 
Their force Our whole strength at this time is three hundred & seventy men, and 
of women ^^^f according to the best calculations I can make, have about eight 
and children hundred & fifty helpless women & children to take care of, & very gen- 
erally deprived of every possible means of removing back to the settle- 
ment. This is at present as just a State of this County, as I am able to 
give you, only I omitted to mention that this number of men were 
exclusive of the Small remains of the Iliinoise Eegiment. 

Who am Dear Sir, with much respect your 
very hble Sevnt &c &c. 

John May, Esqr. 

April 8th " Intelligence respecting the murder of the Indians at Muskingum,'' 

having been laid before Congress — ^it was ordered 
In Oon^reu ''That the same be communicated to the Executive of Pennsylvania 

and that of Virginia, to enquire into the facts" — 

The following is the " Eelation of what Frederick Lineback was told 

by two of his neighbors, living near Deleware River above Easton, who 

were just returned from the Monaungabela " — 
Stotement of "That some time in February one hundred & sixty men living upon 
the maBsacre Monaungahela set off on Horse back to tbe Muskingum, in order to 
vian IndUms destroy Three Indian Settlements of which they seemed to be sure of 
^ being the Towns of some Enemy Indians — 


After coimng nigh to one of the Towns, they discovered some Indians 1782. 
on both sides of the Eiver Muskingum. They then concluded to divide April 8th 
themsdves into two Parties, the one to cross the Siver, and the other 
to attack those Indians on this side. When that party got over the 
River, they saw one of the Indians coming up towards them. They 
laid themselves flat on the ground, waiting till the Indian was nigh 
enough, then one of them shot the Indian and broke his arm: then 
three of the Militia ran towards him with Tomahawks: when they 
were yet a little Distance from him, he asked them, why they fired at 
him, he was Minister Sheboscks (John Bulls) son; but they took no 
notice of what he said, but kill'd him on the spot — They then surrounded 
the Field, and took all the other Indians prisoners — The Indians told 
them they were Christians and made no resistance : when the militia 
gave them to understand, that they must bring them as prisoners to 
Fort Pitt, they seemed to be very glad — ^They were ordered to prepare 
themselves for the Journey, and to take all their effects ah>ng with them. 
Accordingly they did so. They were asked how it came they had no 
cattle? they answered that the small stock that was lefl them had been 
sent to Sandusky. In the Evening the Militia held a Council, when the 
Commander of the Militia told his men that he would leave it to their 
choice, either to carry the Indians as Prisoners to Fort Pitt or to kill 
them — when they agreed that they should be kilFd. Of this resolution 
of the Council, they gave notice to the Indians by two Messengers, who 
told them, that as they had said they were Christians, they would give 
them time this night to prepare themselves accordingly — ^Hereupon the 
women met together and sung hymns and psalms all night, and so did 
likewise the men, and kept on singing as long as there were three alive — 

In the morning the militia chose two Houses, which they called the Slaughter 
Slaughter Houses, and then fetched the Indians two or three at a time ^o^^*^ 
with ropes about their necks, and dragged them into the Slaughter 
Houses, when they knocked them down : then they set those two Houses 
on fire, as likewise all the other Houses. This done, they went to tho 
other Towns and set fire to the Houses, took their plunder, and returned 
to the Monaungahela, where they kept a Vendue among themselves. 

Before these Informants came away, it was agreed, that 600 men Sandiukj to 
should meet on the 18th of March, to go to Sandusky which is about ^ •^^•cked 
100 miles from the Muskingum. 

Extract of a Letter from Mr John Etvine dated Litiz 31st. March April 9th 
1372 — " It is reported from Lancasten that 160 militia men, from the in Coiigr«« 
Ohio have destroyed Two Delaware Indian Towns, have killed 95 
Indians — There were 600 men ready to make another Turn further J>eUw«re 
up the Countiy." ]^^ 

Another letter dated York Town, April 4th 1782 says — "I have seen 
a letter wrote by a woman at Pittsburg dated 21st March which con- 
tains these particulars" — ''The Militia have killed 99 of the Moravian 



April 8th 

Other state- 
men ta — the 
Scotch said 
to be the 


Indians, viz 33 men, and 66 women and children " — another from the 
same says "The Moravian Indian Congregation at Sandusky is butch> 
ered, as it is reported, by the Scotch — They came and told them they 
must prepare directly for death. They Indians requested but an hours 
time for this purpose, which was granted. They went to their meeting 
House to join in prayers to the Lord. After the hour had passed, they 
fell upon them, and butchered all of them in cold blood, in the meeting 
Jiouse, and then set fire to the house'' — 

April 8th 


Capt: John Peyton to Col: Davies. 

Acknowledging receipt of his enclosure with the Resolutions of Con- 
gress by which he is relieved from duty as ^' Sub clothier to the State 
Line," from th6 1st day of September last, and asking for instructions 
as to the disposal of the clothing and material on hand &c. 

He will arrange at once to settle his accounts : will keep the Artificers 
at work upon the materials on hand, for the use of the State Line- 
Col: Armands clothing is ready. His wagons are so much out of 
repair, that he will not be able to move any of the stores. 

April 8th 

RoBT. James Livingstone to Col: Davies. 

Princeton K. For a long time since his exchange, he has been at a loss to know 
Jersey when to enquire in regard to his position in the Army — Baron Steuben 

" passing this way a few days ago," had informed him, that in the reor- 
ganization which took place, when he was in Virginia, he was still 
*^ upon the establishments. '* He had belonged to the 5th Eegt. — Will 
be obliged to Col : Davies to give him the necessary information — 

April 8th 

War Office 

Col: Davies to the Exeoxttivs. 

Having had several applications from the counties of Lancaster, 
Northumberland and Westmoreland for a supply of arms, to defend 
themselves against the plundering parties frequently visiting them, and 
the Privateers that infest the Bay, and in as much as the people of 
these counties had sent most of their own arms with their militia to the 
Seige of York, he recommends that a suitable supply be sent to them — 
upon which the Governor endorses the communication " Please to far- 
nish BO many arms as you think necessary for the defence of the within 


Edmd Bandolph, Attt: Gxnl: to the Governor. 1782. 

"Sir April 8th 

The capital facts in the petition of Mace Freeland are, that Robert Richmond 
Williams, a bastard, hath become felo de se, is intestate and has left 
neither wife nor issue of his body. The Legal consequences from hence 
are, that his lands belong to the Commonwealth in right of escheat, and 
his personal estate in right of forfeiture — In this situation of the pro- 
perty of the self murder, the petitioner solicits the executive to grant 
to him the slaves and personalties of Williams, he being in that line of 
succession, which would have cast them upon him, had Williams been 
legitimate. I cannot readily see the reason upon which the interposition 
of the Executive is desired, with respect to the slaves. For the Act of 
assembly declaring slaves to be real estate, provides that they shall not 

escheat, for a defect of inheritable blood (See ) and a subsequent 

Act forbids a forfeiture of them, except in those cases in which lands 
and tenements may be forforfeited — But as Lands and tenements are not 
forfeitable for suicide, the slaves in this instance are equally protected 
against forfeiture. It is clear too that they cannot escheat. It follows there- 
lore, that the Executive, altho' their power to regrant should be acknowl- 
edged, need not interpose in regranting the Slaves since they are not 
vested in the Commonwealth. The Act of 1779 concerning escheats 
and forfeitures does indeed assert, that slaves accrue to the Common- 
wealth by way of escheat, but this institution relates to British subjects 
alone, and leaves the former of the two foregoing acts to its full operation 
in the case of citizens. 

Presuming that Robert Williams hath been found Felo de se by a 
regular inquisition (which moreover by no means appears from the peti- 
tion) I shall not deny that Mace Freeland will be stripped of the per- 
sonal estates, unless the Commonwealth should restore it. But thro' 
what channel of power is restitution to come? British Governors have 
regranted, it is true; but they acted thus upon ground of prerogative 
alone. Our Constitution excludes perogative, and I do not know any 
law, which delegates to the Executive of this day an authority to 

Should your Excellency and the Council, holding sentiments different 
from those which I have now delivered, decide in favor of your power 
to regrant, propriety would seem to require, that the petitioner should 
produce the inquisition, upon the body of Robert Williams, and evidence 
of bis allegations before any measures could be taken in compliance 
with his request. 

* * * iti * * ^ 

''Most of the late letters from the Virginia delegates in Congress 
have referred to me for particular communications. But I do not recol- 
lect anything which I am at liberty to communicate of very great con- 


1782. sequence. Should the executive however conceive, that I can give 
April 8th them any information, I shall he ready to wait upon them, whenever I 
am called upon. I have the cypher which we promised, and which I 
believe is inscrutible. 

I have the honor Sir, 
to be yr: excys' 

mo: ob: Servt." 

April 9th Tunstall Banks, Wm. Lyne, Edward Hill, Thos: Rose, Anderson 
King Scott and Harry Gaines, Gents: Justices, being the Court before whom 
* Qttwn Co. u^ negro woman a slave" called Frances the property of Col: Thos: 
Boane, was tried, convicted, and condemned to death by hanging, for 
having attempted to poison her mistress Mary Anne Eoane, '* reflecting 
that the said slave Frances, is of very tender age" recommend her 'Mn 
the warmest manner," to the Governor "for his gracious pardon." 

April 9th Copy of Resolutions of Congress, passed March 30th 1782, and signed 
InCongresa by W. Jackson Asst: Secretary of War, recommending to the several 
States the adoption of measures to prevent the harbouring and protect- 
ing escaped military Prisoners of the Enemy on the part of private 
citizens: and offering suitable rewards for the apprehension of such as 
shall escape in future &c. 

April lOth Col : Wm Preston to Gov : Harrison. 


Monteomery I am sorry to inform your excellency that the savages have begun 
^' their usual depredations upon the unhappy Inhabitants of our Fron- 
tiers. They have this Spring killed & scalped Two Girls the Daughters 
of Capt: James Maxwell on the Head of Clinch & at the same time 
took nine prisoners : And I was well Informed yesterday, that about 
eight days ago Two Children of Capt: Ro: Moffetts were taken in the 
same neighborhood — parties of militia were sent out, but could not 
overtake the Enemy. Majr John Taylor, who has the command of the 
militia in that quarter, writes me that the people are in the utmost 
consternation & talk of removing their Families unless some Militia are 
stationed there for their defence & that they are in the greatest want of 
ammunition. As that part of the Frontier is much exposed & Indeed has 
been frequently visited by the Enemy for several years past, perhaps 
your Excellency might Judge it proper to order some Gun Powder to 
this County, of which it is destitute, and direct the manager of the 
Lead mines to give a small supply of Lead from time to time, aa it may 
be wanted for Public Service: and at the same time direct that aoma 



men may be seDt to range the woods and endeavour to guard the Inhabi- 1782. 
tants on presaing occasions. This might be a means to encourage the April 10th 
people to continue at their plantations and support their Families. 

I am your Excellency's most obedt and 

verv hbl Servt." 

Col: Christ: Fsbioer to Col: Daviss. 

"Dr Colo 

April 10th 

Your Favour of the 2d instant enclosins: the proceedinira of Oambflrland 
Council in appointing the Rendezvous, came to hand the 6th — House 

I immediately proceeded to making out the necessary Instructions, 
and Appointments of the Officers to superintend the different Ren- 
dezvous, who are as follows : 


Freds 'burg 



rCapt: Toung 
i Liet: Vandervall 
( Ensign Harris 
rCapt: Jas: Williams 
•j Leit: J no Robertson 
( Ensign Lettle 
f Capt : John Gillison 
•! Leut: H. Bedinger 
( Let : Farley 

{Capt: Thos: Payne 
Leut: Jas: Hamilton 
Ensign Henry Hughes 

Uabin Point 


Capt: Thos: Thweat 

Leut: Saml: Hogg 
Let : James Holt 
( Capt j^ John Stitb 

Prince Edward -j Lt: David Walker 

( Let : Hezekiab Morton 
rCapt: Natb Reid 
i Leut: Alfred Kussell 
I Ensign R. Rankins 

{Capt: Lovely 
Let: John Barns 
Lt: Matb: Clay 


For various reasons I was obliged to appoint Lovely, though he is not 
industrious: But he will do his Duty, as he is rather skittish & has 
been pretty near a C. Ml — The other Superintendents I hope you'll 
approve of. The reason why I do not continue Colo Towles at Fred- 
ericksburg, is that too many men and a Waggon or two are employ'd 
tending him and Major Willis, and Capt: Williams will do the business 
as well with less ^attendance — At Richmond, Fredericksburg and Pey- 
tonsburg I believe there is continental Posts kept, where Provisions 
may be had — at the other Posts, I am confident there is none. I have 
therefore directed the Officers superintending to call on you for an order 
for the specifics for that purpose. The reasons of my Posting Reid at 
Peytonsburg is that when he has collected a Company for your Reg't, 
he is to march it off, and Stith relieve him to go with the 2d, and so on in 
Rotation, as you recommended some time ago, and which I think will 
be the best plan—" ******* 

"I am oblig'd to send a number of Letters down, which I must beg 
the favour of you to gett forwarded, as I have no other opportunity — 

The people in this neighborhood will have it, that Charlestown is or 
is to be evacuated — Mrs Febiger tenders her best compliments to you, 
and I am as usual, 

Sincerely yours." 

"P. S. pray don't forget to write the adjacent County Commissioners 
about Flour and Forage. What in the name of God, keeps Carrington." 


>^|4i iViic^ <iiM!\ 1^ tir b^iiift^.i^ iM^* CHmttntnttifflrtw of XauHaingg' Co ^^toimd 
tjUlM> tL^AT vjftliM: He iyg^ i#Msiu €teq^ wiiti eltifrrjict^ of rnHBon 

,<^^i Uf^ CiU^ !lllM»: OliAS' 9L> Gm.: JU;W3Bb. 

''^f^mtm^'* ^ >^ ^^ Uii«l# ^uttiiitfe iur v»9^^tuf: Ubi^ Ohio Itzvar. jiar jBf tiial 

iJh^ il/iUU^m wiuM4 Ufr aim fkM^^ ^ Strn^m^ Tbef m/am wiflung to 
t^$i4^ieUiliut iim hmmmi^j hiti ^^mm^Jt "^gir^e emdsV Ke bae mho sppiied 
1/^ «(/iiM^ i/f iim m^^^mtufm^ iu r«i^^Mi4 Uj wni^oiiMiiMz * fosA ^or the abawe 
|^r|)M^#A»; t/«ll Um^ Imtim ik^ bi^y^; «tt«Uiioed bj MdrmoeeB muuie to their 
4>wi^ HiMAM m^H from ^dh^ etmtm^ wiU prer^ect it, tlioogfa it is admitted 
I^M |M^4# '<^ HtUiin^i^ Ai^ 0(|MiiJlx ifiterefted in tbe pliui proposed. 

tl^ r*HSf^r4 (U» iiw "^iiro i^pw of irioe'' expeeted finom Piiilsdelphis 
^;r UiM KifMMUmiy*^ UMe, they «b*ll be forwarded, as desired bj tbe letter 
frmn ¥r li^NJ; Ifarri^^/o Jnr, as soon as tbejr arrive, Ac. 

Aprfl l«N^»« 

J AH', MssfWSTBsa TO Col: Davies. 

Inliirmlng himi that having received orders from Col: Dabney to 
\tro(iumi to l^oft Pitt, to msrcb nome Troops belonging to Capt: Sogers' 
Troop of I^lgtit Omgoons to Riohmond, ho has been delayed by their 
buing N(iHtM*ri>d very iiiuob and by the desertion of others;, but has 
gottiio tbum im Ikr us Frederioksburg. Tbe remainder shall be collected 

in (li4« (liiM 

.'XLENDAK Ob^ <i\\rK \Ai*iites l^ 

•'oi: Toon Mapl^ nst^u^iM^ aubuon^y iruiu iu< i.«u\%,iuci- ig *vmo\v lo Uti^. 
1 huut vuiA.*e thmu itM Coxuihy Jail, '>u«> Liui^XiOu Wtim vvuMcusi «>{' v^'iil loUi 

viil )u rjie tut*ttu&' ta :niiuitijic nil ibucM x^bu im\o iKiUAi :icu\c ii UviUj^iu^ 

^eauinNL « »i' * httin. le«ir^ to turnip * Ba^'ou or Poi*W »u l>vu tbctwlj ^^hj vn|k,o 
•*Hpe«.*ia4ly :u* 'he •'auii) :itjii%ir»ilv now :uv vorv |k>o4^ t'«>l: iHiMv** :WNK<i 
'»i* *he BxtH*uitvv iuxartit;ttOii» lu^ to ihiz^ piViMMiliou. 

Cot: VlUiA.>X» L\» iiOV. li^UUM^X. \>i'it ^^^0^ 

A;* L Uail tho uoiior lo tu^uiiou it U> v\)ur K\,cvUvac> »u »u\ \w*it I v'lM*>K'iUWi 


liad imi3rTiiint>«i tu «4uit thii$^ |»luc« s^ ^o t-o Su^uatuu luv view lu lUtM *^ 

wac*^ CO r^iitivu thu iulmbilaaiK ot' thiB. couaiv vM' ^^ buixtva wbivK i uia 
:kfQmbie mu5t havo rtilttiQ btmv y u(h>u t>boui s^ u> bi4vv Vho iuhubiU^uU vU' 
StAuncoQ to contributi} v>t :i ^iiitill ^iV|>or4ioit WwtuxU ib^ dUp^oA'tv^' tbo 
legtoD. ?Miict} I w:itf iuiurmcii I boy coulU du a with Vi4H^^ W^m \^\vi^* 
leacv ivcoQiQit^Dd^Hi to uto tbo romovnl \A' tb\^ k^^iv^ tVv^Uk by^v A^ ibo 
i'oiumander in cbt^f onici^Ht mo to kv^u^ia '\u ibm ^vi vU' vbo v^>vniU'.\- 
I was :!^nt^ibi%* GUY ^Hu^ (\> Stauuioa v^ouM uumws^v \>\sU'.\ ^»m(HViO \ 
tboti^bt It was mv Uutv bol^i\^ I moY0<l W HuuuVm Vv» \^bUiu VU\^ v;^*^*^l 
will of tho jKH>plo iht^rv" ^^ ibo iulwtl^ivuvv v^^t (fbo UvaV \V mo^V j»o|i^^v 
inhabitants — in that purjHVio I wivt\^ W Uuukv^ U«t b,\ uv.\ \\\ \\\wr%W\', 
telling them that tar lV\mi baviu>; any \k{k% \\^ W vU»ugvv»OHblo ^\» ^bo^UiV 
to prt»voni evon tho ap|HM^vani'o i»l* dinH'oiMlMg Vbvuu, I \\\^\\M \\\^\^^ W^* 
officers or men or hoi*HiH4(|imrtoiH)il In to Ihuir bimttimuVuMt buMmm ^^illiu^ 
them that sbould t boy af(rt)o to ttU|)|ily \\h |ilulM('.vt\tll.V Cur \\ \\\m\ Mi) 
Bbortor than tbrou wnnliH i^ <limii'u thul I Mbould rMliioVM tViMn (Immo \\{ 
the expiration of it. 1 woubl f<)iimrt\tlly iMinWurthMir wirtl^im ihHhuytMM 
Kxceilency will conmiivo, ura all whiil. il wiat in Miy |Miw»4r lu mh> ur il*' 
their anHwer who Im onti of ibit nioMl bimi omm ftniUu jugjiili ux|in:Mn MmM 
«boijhl your excellen<'y imliilgc no with lili oniur M/ rt;(;i;ivu Mm* i^j't^i^llit 
Ukxeti we wouhJ be web'orne.' 

♦ JT 4> 4 ♦ ♦ 

'-it frju«t apixfara faft/;i that (hi' lej^oi^ hn* l^cci^ M^ »0^^^ «:OimJ<ii.rM-Ho;i 
tfvpytjn/^ by tbib ^>tate. but J i^Ua.- i.ii>(; iih*>yty Iv n-.^fyi^chl lo you^ 
eK'jelieiK'V that when w^; /o th/iu bA^ii.-, m^ui' o;i^' buiJ/iic^J 4k iivt^ty liii.n 
vli: iuive inliKUTd iut/j the le^^iou vu4 *>t tXiii^ HtuibU 4k wiil )/<-' <:oii/ili:iJ 
11. ib^ ooUi *A VLrji^iiiia — Lieut hriah^uU I>e4u'ci' t/l iLiHf will il oiJimjU 
t'jt % our ej^<^Ueii<'\' ex.pbii&j luoiv t'uliy 4>ui' Ui«itJ'4;MM^I MitUiU«io;i ik Uit- 

' J7 

^^ •4T.^v«*%^ ?^ -^wn?? 



''" ^>/r»t*f.'/ Ktif *i*^, fuy <*i*r^jUii rtrt'* man 3? an ''h**. 3ian »1uv ^iw a i yftrf iato>w* 

/'/f >v*>* 61^ A^TPf^ttt;^ uclW^^A r.Ki» e'^^frf, *r^ -hc^U a uiMHiMs: I &«t* ^ettt <ial 

'^Vr A^A ^A /irt/J flw'rm"**^"?^. Knr. if f.ri*%rj^ ■*♦ iu»f»J!Miicj oi^ <allift:r oat miv 
♦ ^^ * I l^r^ itl^ If A>fk^*nr t/> %f^. vMKf Exeellcf»<-%''» 

l^^fSWAh fUffff fff ^Um$ffUfmUff9, »)/|M^f»tir>;( -i '§*'htui,^. W#rM/ B^i, to Imt receiver 


^iUiuv. Jhun Toriii to Gov: JerFERitoff. 

l/*ifN»i(^'^i " ^*^y ** plMH#M» your Kxr«i||(jiKiy, 

wHif^^i*!^!* '|<|,i, lifhitlihrintM of PttyutUj (*oijnty have been so harraHged tbiH 

Mp^lHjK Uy (h« liMlliirm, that I wan Tor Horn u time apprebenHivo that the 

* AMiHMii|mriyinf( iliia lt«li«r In a w«U drawn plan of iho Fort, and account current 
tif tuiii iif tmllding -wlili doAuri|iUon Ihoroof a* followfl: "Laid down from a Scale 
lif VO fnfil ill ilin IiidIi no faul In Uio clear-- wmIU 7 feet thick of Rammed Dirt, 
ltH«lt»iiHil wlili tfiHid Tlinli(«rR il fmit hlfcli only, from 4 feet upwards 5 feet thick — The 
Tmii itf M(H Wall l« hoaily plokntml (Vmi High, proof against Small Arms — Dit^h 
M fi)Hl wbta HHil lutlwean 4 A A (V«<»1 deep.*' 



• A«al 

•■■-IT': ■•^".i. "»::■; ■ -^^^ -^ ■ ^ . 


^ X 

• U; 1:zi- ; "* ■?• »i • ri "■:• .!.•.»». 

i»T u! v; ' '- lLMi-'i ill*..:'*. ' ■••i..-* • •• .• s\ 

111! •. ir illj^I^b: •■<- . : . r- ..• . ' *> .* ■. . ^ ' .-. 

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of thr Flai* Ships lu> •••Ul«itl« l ImXlttii mM^i \\^^^^ 1,. « ,. 

ri'fliH-liiiiT >t'> iTt'lx upon (In- ii»mi>;«i- hi i 1.111111 i » ns » ^ p i 
towards hini>t«l| mul "ili« U*'\ Mt hin>> m* in n •.,, ,1 1 
"the hninaru* Noniiiiii'tiin " nf U\n ti>iiMitni ^Mnir inti ,, « ) 
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1782. " Proces Verbal," or Articles of Agreement, in French and English, 

April 16th entered into between M. de Yillemanzy, on the part of the French 
Williams- Army and Hon : Dudley Digges on the part of the State of Virginia, 
for the settlement of claims of Citizens of the latter, for damages done 
by the French Army "during the last days of the month of September, 
the month of October,* and the first nineteen days of the month of 
November" 1781— 


April 17tb 

Wm Hay, Comm: Aqent, to Col: Davles. 


Richmond Informing him, that since the resignation of Mr Armistead as '* mana- 
ger of the Public Store," all orders for Issues should in future be 
directed to himself — 

April 18th 


Capt: John Pryob to Col: Davies. 

" Dear Sir 

♦Inclos'd is the list of Ordnance taken at York, or rather 
what went to the north w'd from that place, after the surrender — also an 
account of the Iron Cannon &c at this place & the old Foundery w'h 
you requested some time ago, and their condition. What proportion of 
the Ordnance that was captured at York was formerly the property of 
this Commonwealth, except the three 13 & one 16 Inch mortar, I can- 
not say, though am fully persuaded most if not the whole of the 
Howitzers that belonged to the State previous to the Invasion were 
amongst them ; never being furnished w'th the Betum of them, I can- 
not ascertain what number or kind those ever were" — * * * 

3|e 4e 4e 4e :ic 4c 4( 

I am with great Eespect & Esteem 


your mo: obt Servt. 

April 19th 

Genl : Eeturn and List of Claims of the Inhabitants for Damages by 
the French Army in the neighboring counties, during, and after the 
the Seige of Yorktown — with names of the Sufferers, and inventories of 
articles taken, and provisions consumed by the Troops of the same. 
Prominent among those are the names of Powell, Randolph, Vaughn, 
Kirby, Cosby, Hubbard, Cannon, Lester, Wright, Lee, Fuller, Moore, 
Miles, Chapman, Southall, Chisman, Digges, Harwood, Wynne, Seawell, 
Dudley, Graves, Haywood, Russell, Jones, Burwell, Nelson, Jerdone, 
Curie, Dunlap, Watlington, Shackelford, Whiting, Lloyd, Griffin & 
others — 

♦ Not found. 


Col: Thos: Newton to Col: Davies. 1782. 

Dr Coll : April 20th 

******* Norfolk 

"At present have to inform you that the Commissioners of Specifics 
in these two lower counties do exert themselves to my best wishes — 
the county of Nansemond has given some supply s & I hope for more 
from them — Isle of Wight will give us some bacon but no grain. The 
other counties Mrill pay in money, but at the latest day, though shall 
push them hard for immediate pay." * * ♦ * 

" You say nothing of property left by the British here, many have 
had their horses taken & sold, the obstinate keep theirs & I know of 
no way to compel them to deliver." * * * 

" Friends in general, if they have any property that was left by the 
enemy make a matter of conscience to give it up to the public, whilst 
the inimical keep all they can lay their hands on " — * * 

"As to cannon being placed on Cape Henry, I think it wou*d not 
answer any good purpose — two field pieces of Artillery wou'd do much 
better, fixed a few miles to the Southed & on occasion, to bo removed 
from place to ]>lace. nine pounders wou'd protect any vessel against pri- 
vateers all along the coast & prevent boats from destroying any vessel 
run on shore & fast horses cou'd convoy them to any place as the sand 

is very firm at low water & at the most of times could bring them off.** 

* * * * ♦ * 


Yr: most ob Servnt." 

Col: Davies informs the Executive that Major Harding is willing to April 22d 
supply boats on the Ohio for Genl : Clarke, if the money can be fur- War Office 
nished to pay for them. The Governor replies from the Council Cham- 
ber, " I am sorry to inform you that we have but 4. S. in the Treasury, 
and no means of getting any more." 

James Hunter replies to Col: Davies favor of the 12th, that he April 22d 
"would very readily render the Public any assistance" in his power in Fredericks- 
repairing the arms, but "the little attention" given to his works hereto- ^^^ 
fore, has obliged him to discharge all the workmen, just alter having, at 
considerable expenee, made large additions and repairs. 

Edm'd Eandolph to Gov. Harrison. April 22d 

He had the day before delivered to Mr. Webb "the cypher prepared t< Feltus'" 
tor the correspondence between the Executive and the Delegates in 
Congress from Virginia." It is formed upon "the principles of the 


1782.. French cypher," and may be said to be "inscrutible." Being dis- 
April 22d appointed in the additional information, which he expected from Phila- 
delphia concerning the grievances of the settlers under the Virginia 
Government, who will fall within Pennsylvania by the running of the 
proposed boundary Line, he begs leave to enclose, the within enquiries, 
or '' queries" addressed to him as an individual, by two gentlemen, one 
of whom was formerly a member of the Yirginia Assembly from the 
county ceded to Pensylvania and now also represents the same people 
in the Legislature of this* State. It will be readily understood by the 
Executive why he could not with proprietory discuss the 3d 5th & 6th 
queries" with those gentlemen, and had therefore disposed of the "ideas 
therein suggested in a very few words. He now submits them, with the 
other queries contained in the paper, and adds — 

" What is necessary to be done on this occasion, it belongs not to me 
to determine; But I cannot forbear to express our apprehension, that our 
citizens will be alienated from, and lose all confidence in our government. 
Steps that '^ ^^^7 should sustain injury for acts done by them, as public servants, 
should be or the decisions of Courts holden under the authority of Virginia, 
secure proper Should be annulled as flowing from an usurped jurisdiction. Perhaps 
information the assembly of Pennsylvania which were sitting when I lefl PhiladeU 
Uon. * ^"^" pb*a> n^*7 have taken measures upon these subjects. Were it recom- 
mended therefore to the Delegates, to collect and transmit copies of 
their proceedings, better grounds would probably be furnished for the 
conduct of the Executive." 

^^I was instructed by my brethren in the delegation to obtain access 
to the entries of the council before the revolution. A report is prepared 
for congress in the form of an instruction to the ministers of the United 
Western States who are to negotiate peace, in which the affair of Western tern- 
territory, i^jy jg pretty fully discussed. But we suppose that the subject would 
receive considerable illustration, by consulting those entries," the infor- 
mation gotten to be applied to the present controversy. Continues, 
"So often has your Excellency been harrassed by the sufferings of the 
His own pri- I^©l<^gates, from the scantiness of their supplies, and so much does ray 
vate affairs mind recoil at describing to the Executive my private distress, when I 
feriDff of the ^^ ^^^ believe they can relieve me, that necessity, urgent necessity alone 
Delegates &c compels me to inform them that I am now in a situation, truly humili- 
ating to myself, and I might add, disgraceful to the Commonwealth. I 
could not have rescued m^'^self from the hands of these creditors to whom 
I was indebted for my subsistence during my stay in Phil'a, without bor- 
rowing about two hundred pounds. My note has travelled after me 
and I cannot meet it with my own purse. The settlement of my accounts 
will probably shew that I have not dissipated the public money, which 
I have received. Will the Executive j)lace these £200 upon such a foot- 
ing as my emban^assment requires, and their "authority will justify?'* 


''While in Philadelphia I purchased a collection of indian treaties, 1782. 
and the Virginia news-papers from the year 1766 to 1776 inclusive, for April 22d 
my own use. unless the Executive should think proper to lodge them as 
State-papers in the public archives — The amount was about 8 or 9 £, and 
they await your call — 

I have the honor Sir. to be 

yr: Excellency's ms: ob*t Sevr Ac &c — 

The ^^ queries'' enclosed — 

"Whether* the. Line agreed on between the State of Virga and Query 1st 
Penna will be finally concluded & on the Principles it stands stated in 
the Compact, as it includes m the State of Ponn'a a large Tract of coun- 
try, not contained in the original charter — 

Whether the 3000 Inhabitants which, by the Cession, or rather Trans- Query 2d 
fer, who were Bona Fide Inhabitants of the State of Virginia, are now 
included witbin the State of Pennsylvania, retain by the Compact, all 
their Civil Rights and Privileges, as to liberty and property, real & per- 
sonal — this Question is put, because it is disputed, whether the sd: 
Inhabitants are free citizens of Penna. without re-taking the Oath of 
Allegiance; and whether they are to hold their Lands, on the Titles 
obtained from Virga., and at the price they have purchased them — 

Whether the State of Virginia and Penn'a, Independent of the Permis- Query 8d 
sion of the United States, have a Legal right to alter original Charters 
for mere conveniency of the States, to the Prejudice of the Inhabitants 
immediately residing on the Contested Territory, and whether such 
alteration is not subject to the future Discretion of Congress — 

Whether the Judicial Proceedings had in the County's of Yohogania — Query 4th 
Monongohela — & Ohio, under the Jurisdiction & authority of Virginia 
Previous to the agreed Compact between the States, ought not to be con- 
tirmed. as it was done by the express recommendation of Congress — ^and 
the acquiescense of the people — Especially as the Estates of Orphans 
& widows are Involved in Inextracable Difficulties, if they are not — 

As we have had an opportunity of seeing Certain resolutions of a Query 6th 
Committee of Congress, relative to the claim of the Indiana Co., Whether 
it would not be right & Justifiable in Congress, to fall on some mode or 
Expedient to Indemnify the S'd Company, without giving them the 
whole grant, as it affects the Titles of some Hundreds who are actual 
residenters on the Lands: and others who have obtained Titles from the 
State of Virg a. 

This might be j>lead and urged on Example of Congress, Agt. the 
Vandalia Comply mentioned in s'd Resolutions" — 

*This dfK'unient is recorded so much at length, because the ^* queries *' propounded 
involve docirins bearing upon and defining the Rights of the States and of individ- 
unls as tht^y were understood anterior to the adoption of the Constitution of the 
United Slates. 


1782. He hear makes a suggestion, by way of securing the rights, and 

April 22d Property of the actual inhabitants of the Indiana Grant, that the 
3,700,000 Acres which it was supposed to contain. Should be divided, 
and that the remaining moiety 1,850,000 acres be sold at one shilling 
pr: Acre, with which proceeds of sales, the Company should be indem- 
nified, and thus be enabled to give titles to the purchasers &c — 
Query 6th "Whether the unhappy settlers on the Western Waters will not, after 
paying Virg'a & Penn'a &c, be obliged to pay a Third person, I mean 
the United States, as there seems likely to be a Determination that 
Virg'a had no right to the Westerd & consequently could convey no 
Query 7th Whether the militia officers who was active in giting out the militia 
to assist Genl : Clarke on his late Expedition, are subject to suits for 
Duress of Imprison'nt? Suits are brought ag*t some of the Officers 
already & they are threatened with ruin — *' 

Endorsed — 

"The within Queries are propos'd Because a great number of the 
leading men in* this State are of opinion they ought to be negatived." 

April 22d Moss Armistead TO Gov: Harrison. 


Bichmond T am induced to inform you of the situation of Little Scotland, 

which lies in Eliza. City County, and is the property of the State. The 

barracks which was erected on that Place is at present all but down to 

the ground. The two magazines that was built are still in tolerable 

good repair, and if go unnoticed will in a very short time be in the same 

state as the Barracks." ***** 

"they are log bodies & can be moved. The Dwelling house is a mere 

racke, not a lock left on the doors &c. * * * «! have 

at present put a Good man to live in the dwelPg house, but his stay 

is uncertain." * * * " I was the Escheator for that 

County when his Excellency Gov'r Jefferson wrote me to deliver Little 

Scotland to Colo. Thos: Marshall. 

I am Sir, 
yr: mo. Hbl Servant." 

April 28d J- Madison Jur: Theod. Bland jur: and Jos: Jones, to Gov: 

Philadelphia Your Excellency's favor of the 12th came to hand yesterday. 

There is at present no Delegate here from N. Carolina. As soon as one 

* Peosylvania. 


arrives we shall apprise him of the want of Commissioners suggested 1782. 
by you. April 28d 

The office of the Superintendent of Finance does not contain the infor- 
mation you wish relative to the amount of payments made by the States 
in the new Continental Bills, no regular return having yet been trans- 
mitted tither. As far as the portion of these bills allotted to the use of 
Congress shall be unissued, as also as far as the requisitions made in 
them on the states, shall be unpaid, they will constitute a charge ag'st 
the States respectively. But the rate at which they are to be charged 
is yet to be determined by Congress. 

The Delegates have long had it in charge from the Executive to pro- 
vide a conveyance to Virginia of certain stores taken on their passage 
from Richmond k carried into Boston, or if that could not be accom- 
plished, to have them sold. They lye in the hands of Mr. J. Bradford, 
formerly our agent for the U. States. We have written various letters 
to him on the subject & rec'd various answers, without being able to 
fulfill either of the alternatives. The first indeed has long been relin- 
quished. Our last letter requested him preemptorily to sell the stores 
& remit the amount. 

We have again endeavoured to obtain from Congress some explicit 
decision on the territorial cession of Virginia, that the Assembly may 
not again be lefl in uncertainty on that subject. The sickness of the 
Pres'dt which suspended the vote of Maryland, furnished a pretext for 
postponing the business, which we judge it prudent to yield to. As soon 
as he returns to Congress, which will probably be in a few days, we 
shall renew our proposition, and continue to urge it, till we obtain in 
some form or other, such evidence of the purpose of Congress as will 
be satisfactory to the State. 

Early in the last year a plan was formed by the Courts of Vienna and 
Petersburg for bringing about a general pacification under their media- 
tion — The preliminary articles which were proposed with this view to 
belligerent powers, are copied in the inclosed paper No: 2.* Congress 
have just received from f [the minister of france some informal com- 
munications relative to the issue of this pacific experiment, among 
them is the answer of the british court, given in June last. It explicitly 
and emphatically rejects that part of the plan which relates to the 
negotiation between her and the Colonys, and guaranties the result as 
incompatible with the relation of subjects to their Sovereign and the 
essential interests of the empire: alleging at the same time that a great 
part of the Americans are disposed to return to their Allegiance, and 
that such steps wou'd furnish the rebel cheifs with fresh means of 
nourishing the rebellion, and confirming their usurped authority, the 

final answer of the mediating courts professes great impartiality and 


♦Not found. 

f The part in brackets, is written in cipher, formed of numerals, arranged accord- 
ing to the words and phrases they represent, as translated into the above. 



1782. delicacy towards the belligerent partys. adheres to the expediency of 
April 28d the first plan & hopes that it may still come under more favourable 
circumstances, the basis of a general pacification.'] We have the honor 
to be with great esteem & respect — 

yr: Excellency's ob. H'ble Servants. 


Washington Your letter of the 4tb Instant, with one of prior date from his 

Excellency the governor, came to hand, both of which discourage us in 
our operations against our Savage enemies. The want of money is a 
bad thing: but good advice from wise heads was at least expected. It 
is not the fault of the people, our being at war with the neighbouring 
Savages. They have struck the first blow, and are not going to desist 
until the terms of war are carried to their own Country. It is then 
only that they will be induced to sign a truce. 

The South Carolina men, with a determination that reflects honour 
on them, has lately penetrated the Indian Country on the sources of the 
Mobile. The last account received by a friendly Cherokee from the 
Tenassee, a large Detachment was in a critical situation: we were to 
have cooperated with them, which would have made the work easy: 
but for want of the energy of Government, we failed in our eflPort. The 
Northward Indians has fonn'd an intercourse with the unfriendly 
Cherokees and continues their depredations, both on the frontiers of 
this and Montgomery County, leaving traces of real distress wherever 
their parties penetrates. In the Kontuckey County the scene is likely 
to be more bloody — 

Genl: Clarke writes me that we will have a least one thousand more 
Indians added to our Enemies, this year than last, if measures are not 
taken early this spring to divert or crush their confederacys. Pardon 
this intrussion 1 lam insensibly led into discussions to men living in 
security, which may let aifecting scones pass with indifference. I have 
a predilection for my native Country. It hurts me sorely to hear hor 
Government despised, and her citizens destroyed by the Enemy. 

I am Sir, with Esteem, your very h'ble Sorv'nt." 

April 26th Ralph: Wormeley TO Gov: Harbison. 

"Dear Sir 

«* Rotegill '• I am very sorry to give your Excellency this trouble, but 

my Overseer Mr. Thos: Fox has wrote to me, to let me know be has 

been veiy ill treated by Some of the military that are quartered on my 

land in King Wm. I can't help complaining. I have had troops of 

Horse there constantly for more than Twelve months, which I believe 


there is not another instance of the sort to he given in this State. I was 1782. 

up there in the Winter. Colo. Temple came to me, made an apology April 25th 

& would then have removed them, but he told me he expected their 

Accoutrements every day from the northward, the OfScers & men 

then hehaved very well. I told him as the weather was so cold, I 

thought it would be pitty to turn the poor Fellows out of their Hutts, 

as they seemed to be very warm & comfortable. I am sure I have made 

a point to furnish every thing I was able & am sure have done every 

thing in my power to accommodate them. I have desired Mr. Fox to 

wait on your Excellency who will inform you of every particular better 

than I can. 

My wife joins with me in Our respectfull Compliments to you & Mrs. 
Harrison — am D'r S'r 

your most Obed't Serv't." 

Col: Wm. Preston to Gov: Harrison. April 26Ui 

Enclosing a letter to himself from Col Walter Crockett dated April Botetourt 
15th 1782 giving account of the Killing of two of Capt: Moffett's sons, ^' 
and of the whole family of Capt: Inglis in Burks Garden, — also of his 
having ordered Colo. Cloyd to call out at once the militia to assemble at 
"David Doaks' mill" to protect the settlements, as the people talk of 
^^ breaking up " unless help is afforded them. He calls also for provisions, 
as they cannot be supplied "on Clinch." Coi: Preston adds, "I wrote 
to your Excellency the 10th Instant informing you of the Damages the 
Savages had done in Montgomery. I last night received the inclosed 
letter from Coi : Crockett. It appears that Capt : Inglis' family were 
not burned in the House, as he imagined, but were taken prisoners. He 
raised a party of men and pursued the Enemy : after some days march 
he overtook them and recovered his Wife and one child, both tomahaked, 
but perhaps not mortally, and his Slaves. One of his children they 
murdere<i. Killed an Officer of the party and made their escape. The 
Enemy attacked some other Families, but were repulsed tho' I beleive 
without loss. They Killed a man on Bluestone, and I am told a Woman 
at Cubbersons* Bottom on New River. Their signs have been seen in 
various parts of the Country, which has given the greatest alarm to 
the Inhabitants: and what is very extraordinary that five Houses they 
attacked, that four belonged to Officers, and some of them a considera- 
ble distance within the Frontier Settlements, which induces me to beleive 
they are conducted by Tories. I am at a loss what measures to fall 
upon for the Defenc*e of the distressed Inhabitants. The Public Credit 
is so low, that I am doubtful it will be impossible to procure Provisions, 
as no Specific Tax was brought in last Year, and but a small prospect 
of this year producing any in the present Exigency. Provisions can- 



1782. not be impressed : the People will not part with it on public credit and 
April 26ih no money on Hand, renders the Task of supporting a proper number of 
men for the Defence of that Extensive Frontier exceedingly difficult. 
I would therefore most earnestly beg your ExceH'y's Advice and Instruc- 
tion herein, by Mr. McGaroek, as not only my own Family, but a great 
number of other Families are exposed to the cruelty of a Savage Enemy. 
The general scarcity of Gun Powder is also an alarming circumstance. 
Indeed from the present gloomy prospect, I am apprehensive the Inhab- 
itants of the Frontier Settlements will be obliged to remove to places of 
Safety — I make no doubt but your Excellency in Council will consider 
the Distress of those People and fall on every method in your Power to 
releive them. Any Instruction I am fav'd with shall be obeyed to the 
utmost of my power. 

I am, 
Your Excellency's most ob. Sev't." 

April 26th CoL: Wm Pbbston TO CoL: Daviks. 

Botetourt He has been detained in the County, ^^ waiting on two of his sons " who 
he had "innoculated for the Small pox" — The news from Montgomery 
very alarming, the Savages having murdered Several families, chiefly of 
Officers. Has written to the Governor on the subject and begs he will 
use his influence to aid the Frontiers. Col : Davies' letter of 20th Feby : 
not received until "five days past" — The beef cattle demanded of Mont- 
gomery had been collected and wintered by the districts that provided 
them. It will now be necessary to devote them to the support of the 
militia called out for defence of the county, against the Indians. His 
letter of the 6th inst: rec'd the day before. The waggon & team due 
from Montgomery had long since been sent to the Southern army, as 
also most of the Clothing for the Soldiers. The trouble of procuring 
these Articles "in a County whore so many have been dissafected is 
beyond description." 

April 27th Bond of John Ashley master of the schooner "Count do Grasse," 
" belonging to Baker & Blow — mounting 14 — Carriage Guns, and navi- 
gated by Eighty men," and George Nicholson of Eichmond; to Michael 
Hillegar Treasurer of the United States, in the penalty of " Twenty 
thousand Spanish milled Dollars, or other money equivalent thereto, 
licencing and authorizing the said John Ashley, to cruize against and 
make war upon the Commerce of Great Britain, or of any subjects 
thereof, in accordance with the Ordinances of Congress, and the Laws 
oi nations &c. 


Col: Davibs to the Executive. 1782. 

April 27th 
Enclosing a letter from Genl: Clarke just to hand, directed "by War Office 
Express" but "was picked up in the road/* urging immediate attention 
to the "article of Boats" — &c referring also to a communication from 
Col: Dabney, in regard to Capt: Armistead, who will be very service- 
able to him, "and is contented to wait till the County can pay him " for 
his services — 

♦Capt: Churchill Jones, L. Dragoons, apologises to Col: Davies for April 28th 
not having forwarded sooner, a return of the Clothing received for the Halifax Co. 
Cavalry — By order of Col: Bayler, Let: Yarborogh will attend to this 
duty. He will march "within an hour" for the Southern Army" — 

Know all men by these Presents, that we Jacquelin Ambler, Thomas April 29th 

Nelson jnr, & Wilson Miles Cary 
are held and firmly bound to his Excellency Benjamin Harrison 
Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and his succes- 
sors in the just and full sum of four hundred thousand pounds, to be 
paid to the said Benjamin Harrison Esqr., or his successors in office in 
trust, for the use of the Commonwealth : to which, paiment well and 
truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors, adminis- 
trators and assigns, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and Seals this 29th 
Day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand, hundred and 
eighty two. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the above 

bound Jaquelin Ambler Esqr. hath been appointed Treasurer of the 

Commonwealth, until the meeting of the next General Assembly — Now 

if the said Jaquelin Ambler Esqr. shall faithfully account for, and pay 

all sums of mojiey as shall be received by him, from time to time, in 

virtue of any Act of Assembly, or any ordinance of Convention ; and 

shall in all things execute the Duties of his office according to Law, 

then this obligation to be void or otherwise, to remain in full force & 


J. AMBLER. [Seal.] 

THOS. NELSON, Jnr. [Seal.] 

Sealed and delivered ) by Thos. Nelson & 
ill presence of, j Wilson M. Cary 

in presence of 

Arch: Blair (as to J. Ambler). Thos: Nelson 

Nathl: Nelson 

Math: Pope, Wilson Miles Cary. 

^Bears a beautiful impreseiun of Seal in wax, Lion rampant, resting on tilting 
Spear transflxing boar's head. 


1782. Col: Benj: Loqan to Grov: Harribon. 

April 29th " Sir 

** Lincoln " You will please to cast your eye to the amendment of the Militia 

Kentucky ^^^ ^^^^ P^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^7 Session of 1781 & you will find all delin- 
quenees convicted into the six months service is to be delivered to a 
Continental Officer who is to attend for that purpose (no such officer has 
apeared at Kentucky which Ocations great neglect of duty as it is gen- 
erally known by the Militia the can not be brought to Justice in this 
Country according to Law you will please to provide Some quick rem- 
edy for this incresing evel). I wrote to Governor Nelson for blank Com- 
missions for Militia Officers in this County which there was in Closed a 
recommendation of Magistrates, their names added to the Commission 
is as foUoweth George Adams, Nathanial Hart, John Edwards, Hugh 
Logan & Alexander Eobertson which was put into the hands of Coll: 
John Montgomery, an officer in the Ilenoy Eeigment who was to 
return Imediately, from whom I have received no answer." He then 
requests that David Guess may be made Majistrate in place of Capt: 
James Estill ''who has been Killed since the above mentioned recom- 
mendation " — 

continues "there is but five Magistrates that is now living that serves in 
this County, the are seated at a distance & Hostilities dayly commenc- 
ing, it is with the greatest difficulty we can have a Court. You will 
please forward the Commissioners appointed to adjust our claims and 
superintend our conduct in this Western Country or let us know where 
we are to apply with our accounts and grivinces." 

April 29th Capt: John Gillison 6th Va. Eegt: to Col: Da vies. 

Culpeper C. Requesting an Order of the Commissioner of the Specific Tax, for the 
HouBe provision necessary for support of recruits for Continental Service to 
assemble at Winchester — On the 5th November last he had rec'd thirty 
thousand pounds for the purpose of recruiting, but "being not passable 
did not answer the intended purpose." It is now in his hands, and ho 
desires instructions how he shall dispose of it. 

April 30ih Geo: Hancock to the Governor op Va. 

On account of the troubles in his native State, S. Carolina, he had 
been forced to remove his sixty slaves into Virginia: — and had registered 
them recording to Law in the Office of Henry County. He asks per- 
mission to sell nine of them, viz Jack, Kachel, Scipio, Priscilla, Doll, 
Munday, Pendar, Berry & Fortune, in order that he may have the 
power "to do justice to his creditors." 


J. Madison jur: Theo'd Bland jxtr, and Jos: Jones to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

April 80th 
"Sir * 

We have not the honor of acknowlidging any letter from your Excel- Philadelphia 
lency by yesterday's post. 

Congress received yesterday some 400. 92. 688. 314. 152. 363. 769. 558. 
485. 25. 95. through the channel mentioned in our last. They speak in 
the part of 12. 471. 329. 49. 385. 281. 44. 6. 792. 333. 712. of 12. 729. 721. 
591. 261. 247. 129. 95: insinuate 6. 319. 506. of 521. 665. 512. 44. 30. 22. 
257. 59. 285. 399. 562. 542. 30. 6. 446. 68. 798. 239. 79. 30. 440. 95. 583. 
6. 836. and observe that 308. 144. still 49. 39. 129. 173, 95. 329. 173. 532. 
395. 722. 571. 839. 2. 95. in 840. 469 & will 793. 331. 41. no 716, 95. of 59. 
482. 671. 30. 99. It is supposed in particular that 285. 399. 261. 314. 95. 
9. 15. 143. to 388. 667. 330. 6. 222. 95. 50. 388. 413. 616. 617. 731. 147. 
758. 72. 25. 95: The whole 115. 114. 413. 51. 22. fresh 114. 598. 492. 95. 
94. 6. 772. 152. 589. 84. 36. 532. 492. 94. 529. 95. 50. 496. 261. 95. 758. 
465. 838. 95. 562. 271. 6. 557. 333. 45. 174. 51. of 6. 471. 492. 

Our last intelligence from Europe & the West Indies Comes through 
the British Gazette of N. York, and is Contained in the enclosed Gasetto 
of this place. The fall of Mimeca may be received thro' that Channel 
without distrust. The blockade of the French Fleet at Martinique Is 
probably an invention to soothe the distress resulting from that iVesh 

We have the honor to be, with sentiments of 
great regard & esteem Yu: Excellency's 

ob't & h'ble Servants. 

Translation of the above cypher, is as follows "Congress received yes- 
terday some supplemental communications through the Channel men- 
tioned in our last. They speak on yQ part of our ally much regret at 
the thinness of our military ranks; insinuate the idea of co-operating 
with us in expelling the enemy from their remaining posts within the 
United Slates, and observe that G. Britain still reckons much on her 
numerous friends in this Country and will spare no means of increasing 
them. It is supposed, in particular that experiments may be made to 
seduce the States to separate negotiations. The whole concludes with 
fresh assurances of unalterable adhereance of his most christian majesty 
to the principles of the Alliance." 

Col: Edmd. Carrinoton to Col: Davies. April 80th 

" Dr. Sir 

:r ♦ ♦ ♦ * * « 

"I have been long detained here by prudential views towards 
the evacuation of that town, which event would have given ns 
great relief in our Scanty finances. I am at length, however dispatched 



1782. with every success to my trip to this place, that circumstances will 
April 80th admit, all public business in Virginia & as far southwardly as Con- 
tracts can be extended, is not to be put on that footing. Such Contracts 
as are at present necessary in Virga., both in & out of my department, 
I am authorize i to make; in which are included the feeding the Troops 
at Cumb: Court House & the Corps of Cavalry. Nothing but the most 
Criminal negligence in the different States can Frustrate Mr. Morris' 
views of giving our finances the firmest Basis— of this I am a little 
fearful ; the Gealousies & the intolerable indolence which prevail are 
really allarming. I shall set out to-morrow & will soon be with you. 

I am with affection, 

April 80th CoL: Thos: Gaskins TO CoL: Davies. 

Northum- He had received the letter desiring to know what had been done with 

herland Co. q^^ deserters in that County. They had been apprehended and sent to 
the Army at Gloucester, but as soon as they found they were put into 
the Continental service, deserted again — Many were never caught 
because of the convenience of escaping by water; and some had £cone 
to the enemy. The eight men sent to Richmond, four of whom were 
substitutes and only eighteen years of age, had all been sent back " as 
not being able bodied" — He expresses surprise at this, as he "was then 
satisfied that those men were better than the drafts, as they went freely 
& wood have made good soldiers after being awhile in ye Army." The 
Clothing and wagon required of the County have been furnished. 

The Situation of the County very bad: the officers without commis- 
sions, altho' more than a year ago he had applied for them, and the men 
without arms — He has been endeavouring to get a vessel to transport 
the Salt to Mr. Young as ordered, but there is " no such thing to be 
had." The Enemy are still in the Bay, notwithstanding the presence 
of French Cruizers, and he therefore thinks it would be safer and but 
little dearer, to "have it waggoned." This Salt has been stored for 
more than two years and its value fast disappearing by actual loss — 
The pans are now idle ; three of them much cracked, and " only one 
that's whole." Begs to be excused for the " bad paper & Ink as it's very 
hard to be got." Requests Col : Davies to direct his communications in 
future to "the Commanding Officer" as he intends to resign his Com- 

May let Georqe Moppktt to Gov: Harrison. 

Augusta Co. Has found it impracticable to draft the 4nen in that county for the 
Continental army, and therefore has postponed it to the 28th May, by 


which time "the Assembly will make it more easy or divert it into 1782. 
some other Channel — Informs his Excellency of the "disagreeable news May Ut 
^f the Savage Bnemy invading the frontiers'' about two weeks before 
and terrifying the defenceless inhabitants. He has sent " above Eighty 
militia" exclusive of them sent to Tygarts Valley, to their defence "A 
should there be a real need sessity to continue them/' unless orders are 
given to supply them out of the Specific Tax — Thinks it a hard case, 
that he should be called upon to send "70 men" to defend Monongalia 
County while the frontiers of Augusta are "so distressed by ye Enemy." 
When Col: Armand's Cavalry came to Staunton, there being no law 
for providing for their support, but for the voluntary contributions of 
the Inhabitants at his instance they would "undoubtedly have perished 
or plundered." The Provision Commissioners are now acting, but have 
no directions how they are to dispose of the supplies received. Very 
little bacon to be gotten in the County, but the beef will support the 
Legion a considerable time. 

Col: Thos: Godwin enclosing to Col: Davies militia Eeturn &c. Out May 1st 
of total of 708 men, there are eighty five condemned to serve six Nansemond 
months. The wagon and Clothing will soon be sent up to Petersburg. ^* 

Capt: James Williams 6th Va. Regt., having been appointed by Col: May Ut 
Febiger Recruiting Officer at Fredericksburg, and there being no provi- Oulpei^er Co. 
sions laid up there for support of the Troops, asks of Col : Davies an 
order for the Specific Supplies of the County, else he cannot obey Col: 
Febiger's directions — 

Col: Anthony Thornton informs Col: Davies that the Clothing due MayUt 
from that County has been ready at the Bowling Green for some Caroline Co. 
months — adds "I sincerely lament with you the languor of every 
measure attempted to be taken, but unless the Legislature will make 
Salutary Laws, it is impracticable for them to be effectually executed." 

Maj: R. Claiborne to Gov: Habrison. Maylst 

Setting forth the utter destitution of the Continental Departments in Richmond 
the State — He finds it impossible to transport stores to the Southern 
Army, there not being a wagon in condition to be used; "no artificers 
to repair them and shoe the horses " — these latter are lame and poor — 
The Quarter master at Petersburg informs him he knows not how the 
stores are to be forwarded; the "once flourishing branch of his business 




1782. transportation wears a most gloomy aspect at present." He has iron 

Maylst with which to repair his wagons, and "has sent to every Black Smith's 

Shop around, to get these repairs made, but with contempt they refuse 

striking their hammers without the money is paid down." He cannot 

move the stores " until these wagons are fixed." 

May 2d Col: Baylor Hill to Col: Da vies. 

King The bearer James Drummond, a British prisoner wounded and taken 

Q"^®'^ Co. ^^ York, unable to march, as appears by Surgeon's certificate, declares 
his desire to remain in this Country and is "an exceeding good shoe- 
maker — He therefore begs he may be allowed to remain as he will be 
responsible for his appearance when an exchange is ordered. These 
prisoners have been passing through the County "in ones and twos'' 
without a guard, and many have thus escaped — 


May 2d J. Ambler informs the Executive, that he has refused to allow an 

Treasury Auditor's warrant, brought in by Mr. Harrison Randolph, on behalf of 
one of the *Naval Officers, to be received into the Treasury as Cash. 
Having been in the office a short time, he will not undertake to deter- 
mine in future the admission of Auditor's warrants as " monies payable 
into the Treasury" until further instructed by the Executive. 

May 2d Circular from Rob't B. Livingston (Secretary of Foreign AfPairs) 

Philadelphiti addressed to Gov: Harrison; and enclosing copy of a resolution of Con- 
gress, instructing him to "make a confidential communication" to the sev- 
eral States in regard to the ^^ intelligence received through his office,'' in 
order that they may thereby be more fully impressed with the necessity 
of united and determined Cooperation with the French "our generous 
Ally" — in driving the enemy "from the remaining Posts within the 
United States," and thus show to the world the falsity of the assertions 
of the British Court, that the states are not united or determined in the 

support of their national independence The Circular, refers to the 

"intelligence," "as an assurance that Britain had absolutely declined 
any interference of the mediating Powers between them and what they 
call their rebel subjects," that "they persist on every occasion, in repre- 
senting us a divided People who anxiously wish to retuni to our con- 
nection with England &c." ♦ ♦ * * . In this they have two objects 
in view — 1st "^o encourage England to continue a war, which they expect to 
see, terminate by our own weakness and languor,'' and 2ud, in case of a 
negotiation, "they put such a face upon their affairs," as will entitle 

*These were Collectors of the CustomB ; not military naval officers. 


tbem to make demands at our expense/' which they would not dream 1782. 
to think of," " if the mediators were acquainted with our firm resolution, May 2d 
never to return to our obedience to their government'' — Besides which they 
cast a degree of odium upon the conduct of Prance, representing it, as 
the support of a discontented faction^ rather than as the generous ally 
of an oppressed nation — "There is reason to apprehend that in order 
the better to secure the advantages of this deceitful policy, to them- 
selves, they will make proffers to each of the United States — If any of 
them should listen to them, (which cannot however be presumed) they 
will urge that, as a proof of their assertions — If they should even decline, 
receiving these proposals, and refer them to Congress, as from the nature 
of our union they undoubtedly must; Still as the result of the experiment, 
cannot be known for some time, in Europe, they will avail themselves of 
it in some measure, if negotiations should open" — "This artifice of the 
enemy may be counteracted in two ways," "both deserving the serious 
consideration of your Legislature " — " The first, and most important, is 
by making such exertions to procure a respectable army early in the 
season, that the mediators casting their eyes upon the muster-rolls, may 
there read a full refutation of all that British Artifice can suggest — ("I 
need not observe that this measure must go hand in hand with taxa- 
tion — since an army, without the means of supporting them, would 
only increase our evils) — The second is, to anticipate Great Britain, by 
such resolutions, as the information contained in this letter suggests — 
Resolutions which strongly mark a spirited determination in the Legis- 
lature of each State, to listen to no negotiations, except through the 
intervention of Congi'css, "thereby manifesting" their attachment to 
the independence of their Country and their inviolable regard to the 
faith they have pledged to each other, and to their allies — These may 
either prevent the attempt I apprehend, or arrive in time to prevent the 
effect which the false expectations built thereon, might otherwise have 
in Europe — I mention this to your Excellency, without any express 
direction from Congress — It is more than probable, that your judgment, 
and the zeal and wisdom of the Legislature, may improve these loose 
hints to the general advantage of the United States — I have the pleasure 
of assuring your Excellency, and the Legislature, that the fairest pros- 
pects are now before us of terminating the war, by a single exertion : 
though I am not at liberty to say that the plan of the ensuing campaign 
is absolutely determined on — Yet I have great reason to believe, that we 
shall receive such powerful military aid as with becoming vigor on our 
part, will free every State in the Union, from the grasp of the enemy — 
4c 4c 4( ♦ 4c 4( * — ""VVe have at no period, been in a situation to 
second fully, the endeavors of our ally to serve us — We either neglected 
to assemble our army in time, or to provide the means for supporting or 
moving them. A feather xoould have turned the balance last year^ notwith- 
standing the powerful aid we received abroad — Providence blinded our Adver- 
sary. To their temerity we owe our success. But, Sir, let me ask whether 


1782. any State did then, or have even noiv, done all its power to enable our 
May 2d generals to prosecute the victory? Or rather let me turn to what is 
more within my line, by observing, tfuit the inferiority of our army in 
point of numbers, to that of our ally, while they acted at Yorktown, has 
been considered in Europe, as a proof of the assertions of Great Britain, 
has been urged as an argument of our weakness, our weariness of the 
war, or our internal divisions — A moment's reflection will show the 
advantages, that this affords our antagonist, in a negotiation: how 
much it weakens the claim we make, and how many important benefits 
may be lost forever, by our appearing in Europe, to receive our Indepen- 
dence rather as a gift, than to have established it by our exertions — But 
Sir, it is stillin our power to repair these errors — Let us avail ourselves 
of this favorable moment for expelling the enemy, and recovering our 
diminished Credit among the nations of the Earth. I make no apology 
for the liberty 1 take — Your Excellency, I am persuaded, is too sensible 
of the truth of these observations to think they could be delivered with 
less earnestness by one, who feels their importance ; and I am confident 
you will bring them before the Legislature of your State in such manner 
as will best serve to ensure them their attention." 

May 2d ^OL: John Croppbr, Jnr., to Col: Da vies. 

Accomack. Expressing his great concern at the proposed removal, of the Conti- 
nental Soldiers then on the Eastern Shore ; in which every aid is given 
to Major Poulson, Charged with this duty — He adds — " The purpose of 
this letter, is to obtain permission for these soldiers, or a part of them, 
to remain amongst us" for "without some regular force stationed here, 
this Shore must be ruined " — that at that moment four of the enemy's 
barges were on the Coast of Accomac, capturing vessels, and plunder- 
ing the inhabitants — The presence of a small regular force enabled the 
militia to remain at home on their farms, to be ready when wanted, 
instead of being subjected to the harrasment of false alarms — Such a 
force as a guard could watch and follow the enemy from point to point, 
prevent their landing and thus do much in protecting the defenceless 
people. In as much then, as the Salvation of the Eastern Shore, which 
had already furnished so much to the cause of the Country, depended 
upon the presence of some of these troops, he begs Col: Davies inter- 
cession with the Gov: & Council in their behalf, and Closes with a 
request for arms, ammunition and clothing, very much needed fo.r the 
use of the militia — 


Col: Gsoaos Corbin to Col: Dayies. 1782. 

" My dear old friend;' ^^^ ^ 

" Since my last to you, have made repeated appoint- Onancock 
ments to pay you a visit, but have been defeated by indisposition and A.ccomack 
the difficulty of crossing the Bay " — ^*I was this day informed that the 
regular troops stationed on our shore, were immediately to be with- 
drawn" * * * "I have heretofore taken the liberty of representing 
to you the horrid dangers with which we were threatened about 12 
mos: past, by the Barges, which infested our Coasts, aided and assisted 
by the Maryland refugees and the disaffected amongst ourselves" — He 
then refers to the "bloody plots" formed by these wretches against the 
Chief inhabitants of the Country — the plunderings of families, sur- 
prised in the night, women and children turned out of their houses, 
which were then burned &c — Also to a conspiracy of the tories, British 
and negroes, who had prepared themselves ^^with ropes as instruments of 
death'' and ^^had marked their devoted victims," but whose plans had been 
discovered by the master of one of his Slaves engaged in the plot, and 
thus frustrated : but that this unfortunate man had been murdered in 
the effort to discover their purposes — Where upon the people seized the 
murderer, by whose confession these facts became known, hanged him, 
and several of the ringleaders — Col: Corbin then, protesting in the 
name of "order and good government," thus of necessity overthrown, 
against the proposed removal of the regular troops, calls upon Col: 
Davies for his assistance in protecting the inhabitants from a repetition 
of all these horrors &c — 

Col: Bbnj: Wilson to Col: Davies. May 2d 

The Indians had made three incursions into that Country since the Monongalia 
Ist of April: the militia under Cols: Nevill and Evans, were distributed ^^• 
among the different Forts, and were fed by the people, as no provisions 
had come from Rockingham County as ordered — Pack-horses and bags, 
with proper escort for protection against the Indians, who had appeared 
forty miles east of that place, would be necessary to transport sufficient 
provisions for the troops — He had already 22 families in his Fort; and 
should like "to stand his ground," but if he should "break" the whole 
valley would follow his example. His situation had become very pre- 
carious since the "breaking up" of the Buchanan Settlements; the 
people in the Fort under a "panick," hoping the raalitia who should 
come to their relief would bring their own provisions, in as much as 
" the road had become too dangerous to go out in search of them — 


1782. Geo: Rogers Clark to the Governor op Virginia. 

May 2d " Sir 
Port Nelson Inclosed is a copy of my last to Col: Davis (Davies). The appre- 

hensions of the designs of the Detroit Gentry in this Country is 
reduced to a certainty. They have their eye on this post and the Span- 
ish Illinois : if they carry their point its consequence is obvious — We 
are taking every measure our policy dictates to us to put the departm't 
in as good a position of defence as our circumstances will permit. A 
late contusion among the Inhabitants, occasioned I believe by some 
emmissaries from the Northward hath retarded our progress in business 
considerably, but by the exertions of many of the principal oflScers of 
the Country, that deserve credit we are like to reduce the people to 
subordination, in short they begin to suspect those that first confused 
them was their greatest Enemies. 

I believe in a short time it will be dangerous for a man to speak of 
new Government in this Quarter, except among a small party of black- 
guards. The body of the people now seem to be allarmed for fear Vir- 
ginia will give up their interest. There is a formidable fortress that will 
soon be compleated at this post, but my greatest dependance is in block- 
ing up the Ohio at the mouth of Miami with gallies. We have two 
gondolas ready to mount, and a gaily on the stocks, that will be finished 
in about twenty days, that I think will do the business. She is seventy 
three feet Keel, calculated for the navigation of the Ohio, to have forty 
six oars, one hundred and ten men : one six, six fours, and a two-pounder 
is her proposed metal. We have great dependence on the Cannon you 
promised us, arriving in time; have lately received some encouraging 
reports respecting them. We arranged our business on as small a scale 
as possible to promise success. You may judge from your ow^n circum- 
stances the situation of our Credit — If the Country can be saved from the 
impending blow, a remembrance of our past anxiety and trouble will 
give pleasure — Let our fate be what it will, I flatter myself that your 
Excellency will find that your business has been well attended to in this 
Quarter. If we should be so fortunate as to repel this invasion without 
too great a loss to ourselves, the Indians will all scatter to their different 
countries, and give a fair opportunity for a valuable stroke to be made 
among them — if you was to think it advisable to order about five hun- 
dred militia from Washington and Montgomery Counties to rendezvous 
at Kentucky the first of July, it might probably be attended with valu- 
able Consequences — Their fate depends on that of this Country, and I 
should suppose good policy wou'd require a body of them should imme- 
diately march to the support of this — 

My last letter will give you a full Idea of the Indian Department, 
the body of Indians on the Oubache have not yet declared War. I 
expect it to take place at the Grand Council this month at the Ouian. 
I am Sir, with the utmost Eespect, your Obedt. SenrL" 


Capt: H. Young informs Col: Da vies of his having urged upon Col: 1782. 
Newton the necessity of procuring a vessel for removing the Cannon May 8d 
from Nansemond to Richmond — ^He will again communicate with him 
in the subject by express. Expresses anxiety in regard to an arsenal 
for the repair of arms. 

M. Menknville, Adjutant Gbnl: French Army to Col: Daviks. May 8d 

Reminding him of his promise to aid him in executing the require- 
ments of his office, with request that '^some descriptions of certain 
deserters from the French Navy be published in the news-papers — 

Joseph Martin, Indian Agent, to (toy. Harrison. MaySd 


When I was at Richmond in November last with Two Cherokee Hibboroogh 
Chiefs, the seat your Excellency now fills was vacant, Grovemor Nelson N. Carolina 
having a few dajrs before resigned the Government, by which reason 
the Chiefs were not answered in a manner as they expected, altho' was 
promised by the Executive some assistance of Cloathing & ammunition 
&c — They have at sundry times applyed to me since, being much dis- 
tressed for such necessarys, and as I have not reed, any instructions 
from your excellency, am at a loss to know what answer to give them. 
I beg leave earnestly to recommend to you Sir, to give them what 
assistance you can, as I believe a number of the Towns are friendly 
attached to us and will not draw off, if we can supply them with some 
necessarys. I am now attending the Assembly of North Carolina at 
this place, to remonstrate to that Legislator the Impropriety of extend- 
ing their Western Settlements to near the Cherokee Towns on Tennes- 
see, as a petition from the back Country is laid befon; them for that 
purpose, which will unavoidably bring on war with that nation should 
our people proceed to form settlements adjoining their Towns, the 
Indians on their part, have shewed every mark of friendship for a people 
in their situation to do. I shall do everything in my Power to prevent 
a war from ensuing. The Indians are very desirous of going to the 
Congress agreeable to General Greene's recommendation, and if as much 
cash cou'd be furnished as wou'd defray the expence of Twenty Chief, 
I wou'd undertake to go with them. 

I am Sir, with the highest respect 

Yr: most obt. Humbl. Servant." 


1782. Petition of numerouB Citizens to the Executive praying for pardon of 

May 4th a negro slave ** Charles," tried, convicted, and Condemned to death by 
Fairfax Co. hanging, by the County Court of Justices, for " having entered a meat 
house in the night and taken thereout some pieces of bacon" to which 
charge he plead guilty, &c. — " Struck with the circumstances attending 
the unhappy offender, and looking upon the punishment to be inflicted, 
far too greeivous for the offence" they, "from motives of humanity, 
implore his Excellency" to extend to him the mercy which the Consti- 
tution empowers him to bestow " &c. 

May 4th Capt: John Pryor to Col: Da vies. 

"Dear Sir 
Fredericks- I have peregrinated as far as the S. W. Mountains, and to this 

°^^g place, in search of persons to contract for the repairs of our damaged 
arms, and hitherto have been altogether unsuccessfull. public proposals 
have become such a scarecrow, that the people Shudder at the bare 
mention of them, and seem so prejudiced that they are predetermined 
before they hear your scheme not to engage. Mr. Hunter seems to be 
the only one that I have seen who I think could be depended on for this 
business, tho' he has been so much abused heretofore by the Public, that 
there remains but one way to engage him farther, which is to appropriate 
a certain part of the Taxes for his payment to be collected by the sheriffs 
& paid to him from the most convenient districts. At present he has 
discharged all his workmen. The Public Factory at this place is totally 
at a stand for want of provisions & in short for everything else, as Mr. 
Dick tells me that the whole of tho damaged Arms might be repaired 
here, he has a great number of very valuable workmen whom he has 
furlow^d for want of provisions — from this I shall set out to day for the 
Point of Fork & shall call on several Gentran. in the way to whom I 
have wrote to make proposals. I now despair of any plan being effect- 
ual short of the one you proposed, of having an Act of Assembly for 
every Militia man to furnish himself w'th a stand of Arms complete 
within a certain limited period, and strike some line for a preference of 
purchasing out of the Public Stock, to prevent their being so dispersed 
& remote from whom they might be first wanted, this would certainly 
encourage the manufacture of Arms in our own State & promote the 
importation of them from others, as there would be, I suppose near 
60,000 stand wanted to complete the whole of our militia." * * ♦ ♦ 

1 am, with the greatest respect & Esteem 

Dr. Sir, your mo: ob Servant." 


Copy op a Letter prom Oliver Pollock to Gov: Nelson op Va. 1782. 

Hfty 4th 
Informing him of his having just drawn Bills on the Executive of Vir- New Orleans 

ginia to the amount of ''Six Thousand Eight Hundred & nineteen Span- 
ish Miird Dollars at sixty Days Sight" in favor of "Mr. Thos: Irwin, 
to meet the payment of certain protested Bills, drawn by order of the 
State of Virginia on Messrs Penet, D'Acosta & Bros; at Bordeaux and 
Nantz — That he has been obliged to sell his "landed estate, slaves, dwel- 
ling house and stores" to enable him to take up those Bills — He there- 
fore trusts his drafts in favor of Mr. Irwin shall receive due honor &c. 

Capt: John Morton enclosed to Col: Davies, account of money in May 6th 
specie "to the amount of about eighty-four pounds" from the Sale of Prince 
Hides — Most of this he has expended in hire of wagons, and for the House 
wintering of the public cattle. 

The Commissioners of the Specific Tax, in P. Edward have lent "the 
public" a quantity of bacon which cannot be replaced in the County. 
The accounts of the Cumberland Comraissionei's will probably never be 
settled for the year *81, one of them who had the papers having since 

Wm. Foushee, Surgeon, to Mr. John Watkin's War Oppice. May 6th 

Requesting him to report to Col: Davies, that ho "has examined the 
men & find John Brown has a rupture, but think a Truss w'd render 
him very usefull in the Labratory. Michael Wilkinson appears to him 
"to sham a great deal of his compl'ts" — Wm. Sutherland says he has 
Fitts, nothing at present appeal's but want of cloathing& cleanliness" — 
He thinks it will be well to employ them awhile to determine whether 
they can be continued — adds "an order to Capt: Anderson will, I sup- 
pose be necessary to gett a Truss made." 

To M. LE Cher: db la Valette, Com'd'g at Hampton. j^^ 5^j, 

Anthony Stephenson, Commander of the "Favorite" flag of "Truce" Hampton 
from Bermuda to Hampton Va., and Arthur Apple whaite, certify that 
they were boarded by two Privateers, the Brig "Tyger" Capt: Port- 
ling and the Schooner "Surprise" Capt: Hall, whose officers came on 
board their vessel, took them out, and robbed the Prisoners "of their 
wearing apparel, money & goods, &c — 



1782. Col: Christ: Febioeb to Gov: Harrison. 

May 6th "Sir 
Cumberland Three men have heen brought to me as Substitutes, two for Militia 

Ct House divisions, and one for an Individual under the last Law. The first is a 
mulatto man born of a woman, born free, but at the Time of his Birth 
a bound Servant 'til 31 : the roan is bound in the same manner to a Mrs. 
Hughes in this County, was never on the militia Boll, he was enlisted 
and brought by a Division in Cumberland. 

The other two are also mulattos, born of a free Woman and gott by 
a Slave belonging to Mr. Woodson of Cumberland, to whom she was 
bound for a certain Term of Years. The men are also bound to him & 
he claims them as Slaves, and so does Mrs. Hughes — I am not suffi- 
ciently acquainted with the Laws of this Country to determine what to 
do^will therefore be extreamlj'^ oblig'd to your Excellency to give me 
Directions whether to keep these men or to give them up to those that 
claim them, and whether I am justifiable by Law, to receive any more 
under the same circumstances. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest veneration and Respect, 

Your Excellencv's mo: ob. Hble. Servant'* 


WarOflBce Having been desired by Genl: Greene and the *' Commissary General 
of Prisoners*' of the Southern Dept: to give every assistance, in exe- 
cuting the cartel in Virginia and thereby facilitate the exchange of 
prisonei"s, he draws attention to the fact that the American naval pri- 
soners on parole in this State seem ** not known to any Commissary of 
prisoners at all." Manj^ of these, seeing othere exchanged, have found 
themselves unnoticed and neglected and have appealed to him for 
redress. He therefore suggests that all paroled prisoners in the State 
be notified through the *' public papers" to report at once at his office. 
This will determine who are and who are not; worthy of official protec- 
tion. The sending of the six-months men from Richmond has left the 
place entirely without a military guard : he therefore requests orders, 
whether the militia shall be called upon, or whether a "Company from 
Col: Dabney's Legion shall be directed to come up" — 

The Executive adopt the suggestions above made: but order out the 
militia, until the arrival of Col: Dabney's men. 


Ben: Harrison, Co. Lieut: to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

May 6th 
Giving account of the "oppros'd situation that ye Fronteers are in by Rockingham 

the Ravages of the Indians'^— Two of Mr. Wm. Gregg's family killed ^■ 

by them in April last and his houses burned — Other buildings *^on 

Sinicer a water of Potomac" have been burned, and signs of Indians 

discovered by look-outp he had ordered to reconnoitre "the Alegania 

Mountin" — Large bodies of Indians have been seen on the *' dividing" 

Waters of Green Bryer and Monongaly '' — From the knowledge of that 

Country by some of the members of the Council, it will be seen how 

exposed are the frontiers of Rockingham and Augusta, as also ''the 

Valley and West Fork " — He has thought proper to order out " a full 

Company of men & officers" to guard the ** North Fork of Potomac," 

and should like to have authority to have a sufficient guard kept up in 

" Monongaly County," by which the inhabitants in the interior might 

enjoy some degree of safety and use their industry. 

Major J. Poulron to Col : Davies. May 6th 

Ho had rec'd orders in April from Col: Febiger to collect clothing and Accomack C. 
distribute it to the men "under Capt: Parker & Leut Coverly," with House 
orders "to proceed the shortest way to Richmond." Has been delayed 
in getting the Northampton Clothing, and Crafts to carrj' the Troops 
over." The men in fine spirits and ready to march these eight days: 
they deserve great credit for the promptness with which they have 
turned out. Amongst them all there are only five drafted men, and all 
but ten are from Accomac Co: tho' Northampton has nearly completed 
its quota. 

Capt: H. Young to Col: Davies. May 7th 

Asking aid for Mr. Royal from Mr. William Cowper at Portsmouth in Richmond 
procuring a" vessel to remove the cannon from Godwin's Landing — 
Humphreys, the Express on his way to the "Back Country" will need 
"thirty dollars for his expences" also an order to draw forage from the 
Commissioners. Col: Field Trent wishes "to manufacture the public 
wheat at Osborns. In Mr. Pierce's absence he has thought for to men- 
tion this. 

Capt: Charles Snead informs Col: Davies, he is charged with two let- M»y 7ih 

ters to him from the Eastern Shore, from Col: Cropper giving condition WilliHm*- 

of matters in that region &c, but as he "can't possibly hire a horse," ^"""^ 
entrusts them to the care of Col: Ennis — 



May 7th 

New York 

David Sprout, British Comm: of Naval Prisoners — to "the 
Comm'do Officer of American Troops in Virginia." 

Siding by the ship "New York,'' a number of naval prisioners, by 
order of Rear Admiral Digby — He cannot Credit the report made in 
New York, that the Bntish prisoners taken by American cruisers and 
carried to Virginia, "have been taken under the F^pnch Flag and refused 
to be given up, except in exchange for French-men." 

Msy 7tb 


Wm. Hay, Commercial Agent, to Gov: Harrison. 

In accordance with the ordcre of the Executive of the 22d Nov: last 
be had instructed the manager of the Lead mines to supply Col: Jo: 
Martin with two thousand pounds of lead, of which he is informed by 
C/ol: Lynch, fifteen hundred and fifty-three pounds have been delivered. 
He knows of no order giving him clothing, but "agreeable to a letter 
from his Excellency General Washington " he was furnished with cer- 
tain Articles for the Cherokee Chiefs, Interpreter &c. amongst which 
were, "4 fine Scarlet Broad Cloth match Coats— 4 Spotted Swanskin 
Jacketts, 7 white shirts — 4 Stone Silver broaches, 16 yds: white Linnen — 
stockings, buckles, bullion, pink ribbons, blanketts, coloured thread, 
Leggins &c Ac — 

Mr. ArmisteacI on Saturday' had given up to him all the goods he had 
on hand, and he is now busy in taking an Fnvenlorj' of them, and will 
"lay it before the Executive" the next day. 

May 7th 

Thomas Meriwether to the Governor. 



I am informed that a Second (-lerk to the Honourable the Supreme 
Executive is wanting. 1 take the Liberty to request 3U)ur Excellencj' 
k that Hon^ble Board will honor me with the appointment to that oflUce." 

I have the honor to be 

Yr: Excellency's 

most obed't Servt." 

May 7th J. Madison Jnr: AND Theod. Br.ANi) Jr: to Governor op Virginia. 

" Sir, 
PhilMdelphia Your Excellency's favor of the 27lh ult, came to hand yesterday. 

There has not been since, time Knfti<-ifnt to procure the Information the 
Executive wrote for, relative to the inhabitants lately transferred from 
the jurisdiction of Virginia to that ol* Pennsylvania. We shall endeaver 




u> ^k^aim. x ibr tie iMax p«irt. TW SiM»^»t»nr %Mf CWcnH» aw a w N i^ ife» 
ikai di» OnKiBflsiiNiif tfir Amcil wtjiw^ w«^ tKMrirmv^ll^l %Ni iW 9illi 
wh : Im e«MiMe^ik»«f« ^ a Uetwr h^mt Mr. Bftiir «»• tW ^^^^fiKrt. It" ll«M 

Tie«-« oif tW EaiHftT. TW pvnseivffmwr^ olT iW auilteuustimU y«Mtv 
in tW «spf»><«»«i eillic«k«j *yi ^tMMrtifeiUiMnr OT^^fftanML $i^nm$ lt> k^ mo^ Wcwt 
•iibtstiiiAti^ tkui tkfti *yt tW co«n ka» Keen, with nwfiK^ u> wiHl^iunr <r^^>«^^^ 
eioo. aiiri ^ Bcuiiliesdj portettd^ a d«^y of pme^ TW imhIIi \^'' ^mr 
dotT ander tkes^^ cfrcfiiKstaiMMft crnnnoi W ■l»l;U^l^tt. A ^^m|mKHM» 
fideiitT to oar iorajsn engai^nifMils 4 a Ti|;o9V«» pfV|Miur«lH>«i Rvr <^X|m41^ 
in^r tW «Mfte«iT lfn>«i oar i^oontry niii^t pMr«i» tKe«is«lv^eei «Hi 4^Y1^fY «illiMb 

Ltrtiers from SfMun ioJ^rm U8 thai ibe Garri^iioii laWn «il Mim^rvm cmii- 
sisieil o€ 2600. ineluding every de^jieription* but 1500 oiih\ *4* eHkvUv^ 
trooffe»: mod that ibis sncce^^of tbe Spainisb Arm^ would be H^lowe^l by 
redoubled anior in tbe seixe of Gibmlur. Our Affkini nt 840, tS^ 1&7, 
315. 561. 385. 51. 95. 428. ever 210, 6, 471. 492. 95. 560, 297. If il dow^ 
188. 100. 3a mi 152. 542. we sball bave at 04. 0. 115. 105. 8ia 25. i^^ 759. 
30. 6. 724. 803. 95. 803. 92. 723. 

We bnve been supplied witb no news of late fW^m tbe W. Indi^ 
owini^ cbiefl^^ to the sui-ee68 of tbe Rnemy*8 Cruisors lui tbe inward, aa 
well as outwani l»ound trade of this river, wbiob is in a manner annibi* 
laled bv tliein. 

\Ye have the honor to Ih\ with Sentiments of 
the highest re8|HH't, yr: KxeellenrvV 
oh: & verv humble servants,*' 

^x 7^ 

Capt: Jasies Anderson to '*Hon: Gkoruk Wkwh. 

Mi^ Hih 

He is eonsti-ained by "pressing necossit}'** to lay before the Kxoou* lilchmoml 
live his reason for ''soliciting a discontinuance of the eontraot" between 
himself and the (commonwealth — For two years past, ho has not roeelvod 
a pound of Tolmeeo, upon the '^agreement entered into — with the board 
of war on the twenty first of March 1780. Ho has had no other sup- 
port for his family but the Salary arising from his ** nailers ": and this 
has disappeared with tho paper currency. During this time he has Huf« 
fered great hardships, and is now "without provision or money to pur- 
chase any, and very little prospect of receiving any soon." He there- 
fore must press a "discontinuance" of his contract, and he deHJrea thla 
letter to be laid before the Executive at onco — Before concluding, he 
entreats him also "to lay l>efore them the following question — 


1782. "When the Public shops were burnt by Genl: Arnold, I lost eight 

May 8th pair of Smith's Bellows, with a quantity of other tools, my own prop- 
erty, partly on account of my being obliged to deliver out arms and 
other Stores, by orders of his Excellency the Governor at that time. 
Since which I have made five paira out of the remains of the old ones 
and if Some Public materials, ought not the five new pair, therefore, to 
be given up to me to replace the loss of the eight pair destroyed by the 

May 8th Major R. Claiborne to Col : Davies. 

Richmond The Governor having directed that all requisitions, upon the State 
from the Continental service in future, should pass through the war 
ofSce, he begs leave to call attention to want of transportation for the 
stores to Peytonsbnrg. There are six wagons ^ teams in Manchester 
ready to start but there being no forage provided, they are not able to 

May 8th John Smith informs Col: Davies of having just received his letter of 
Richmond the 22d February last, *^ which was by accfdent found in the road by a 
County Person who transmitted it to me." The oflScers in the county have 
done their duty in accordance with the instructions rec'd — out of the 
thirty one Beeves required, all have been furnished and accounted for, 
but three, now on hand, and which will be delivered up as soon as 

May 9th Capt: Samuel Jones informs Col: Davies, that his "returns of 
Richmond receivals and Issues of Quarter Masters' Stores" is nearly completed, 
but be desires to be absent a few days in Amelia, having "just rec*d an 
acco't that my mother is dangerously ill and desires to see me." 

May 9th ^*^P^ ^* Young informs Col: Davies, that he can furnish Capt: 

Richmond ^"^^^ whh forage for six teams to Peytensburg. but how they are to 
be supplied on their return he cannot say, in as much as he knows not 
what disposition has been made of the forage in the Counties "between 
this and Peytonsburg." This fact will show the advantage of requiring 
the County Commissioners to furnish forage &c to the Lieutenant instead 
of himself — 

CAIJE^^f^XS i!^ fXJLT£ rjLFCKv 






TiH|mi3^ mjb^tT iloe }ft3<- Iftw. 

losftrocttfd lc< dimv %httm 6vflB 
C<«aBty Rilnsi. I>e»KS 

retire patrtk^l^r itt$(rotOdai<> i» 

be m^de ii«ieM to tke Scale uh j«m 

v^T or Oilier. 

Col: ]>aTi«« eaelases to tke ExMvtiTe Mr. FWter WeMt's *^prckfW]feSiil» Mi^ IMi 
for an aDo vanee in paper sooej '^ for bis ^errkeift as parma^ter — ^TW 
Executire rep«T. Mr. Wel4> vili rHom lu$ acct»: to tbeou so tliat tber 
mar the better determine wiiat bis par shall 

Chaalbs Dick to Coi.: Daviis. 

MiQr l«Mi 

He should have replied sooner to bis of the ith April, but has beim F r »4<H< k »> 
hoping to receive $iifS««ent provisions and money from the specific ^ 

Tax ^ to answer the purposes of the Pactorr ** — but having been dU«p> 
pointed in this, and the season &r advanced, he is urgent that some- 
thing be done at once. A small amount of money will suffice at pre«ieni^ 
as the number of workmen must be proportioned to the amount of 
*' meat and bread laid in ^ for them. A small part of their pay advanced^ 
with any guaranty of the rest being paid in the future^ will aeeuiv 
them: tho' they refuse to enlist as a Corps^ preferring to work by the 
job — It is not the *' quantity but the goodness of the workmen that is 
necessary to do business to advantage'* — and from 20 to 40 may be 
employed*' — A ^'good Stocker will do his musket^ and a Lock-filer his 
lioek a Day " — 

He hears there are three receivers of Specifics in that County, but 
not '^300 lbs. bacon amongst them'' — ^An order on Mr. Burket Daven- 
port of Culpeper, who has chaige of this businees, for what may be 



1782. necessary, will save "laying out money" for that purpose, which should 
May lOih be applied to the purchase of "stocking plank, steel, &c — There is a 
plenty of Flour and Corn on hand — 

Continues — •* There are 800 muskets, mostly in bad order, left here 
(by militia from the Gloucester Expedition) in a corner of an Issuing 
House, under the Commissary's care, they will get no good by lying 
there, and there is no place in the Factory Houses to put them in : as 
room is much wanted to lay by the work when finished. There is the 
new Magazine would answer all the purposes very well, but wants a 
small matter to have it made fit for use. 1 cou'd wish the arms that 
may be thought proper to send here for repair were sent in cases, as 
they damage much more in bringing loose, and many articles stole from 
them, the cases wou'd serve again to return the good arms in. Good 
musket Barrels may be here mounted to be as good as new arms, which 
will save the expense of Forging new Barrels. 

"I am now to acquaint you that the mill place we had rented from 
Mr. Dixon for the purpose of grinding off new Gun-barrels, Ramrods, 
Bayonets, & Files which saved some manual labour has been taken 
from us by a forcible Entry, as you will see by my Letter lately to the 
Executive, to which please referr, and have only to add, that did it 
belong to the State, it might be made of much more service than it is : 
As it can never belong to Mrs. Dixon longer than a peace comes, she 
should have been content to receive the Rent as long as she cou'd — ^I 
believe it does not contain above Two Acres, joins the State Factory 
land, and can be of no good service to any one else. It is morgaged in 
the Gl: Court as a British property for above double what it is worth, 
the Estate can't redeem it, and a suit brought by Colo. Towles to foreclose 
the moilgage, when the Times put a stop to all Business in the Courts. 

If it can't be confiscated as above, it might perhaps be condemned for 
the use of the State, by the Assembly, appointing a disinterested Jury 
to value its worth" * * *•* * :^ « 

"In the meantime we shall be put to it for the want of kitchen and 
Overseer's House, all which, if you approve of, can be taken possession 
of again, and kept, as soon as the workmen return " &c 

May iiib ("apt: John Pbyton to Col: Da vies. 

Albemarle ^^ obedience to his oixlers, he has delivered the clothing designated, 

Barracks ^q j^ir. Carney for Genl: Clarke's Troops. Has turned over to Mr. 

Dyer, the remainder of the stores, to be removed to the Point of Fork, 

four wagon loads of which had already gone to that place — He will 

give him every assistance in their duty. The artificers he should also 


tarn orer to Us CoiAmaad. but be will not l!»e al>le to attend mt tlie ITSi. 
Point of Fofk dning tJio "^Mttling kts Booksw^ m$ he cannot kave his Mmx \Wk 
po9t with credit to hims«IC until he enn get the means of paving his 
deht& belbiv doin^ 

Col: Gmoz Comanc to tbm GoToaoa. Xar liik 

His Exeelteiey's letter of the 28th Feb t had not been Teceived antil -'Oaaacock 
the 29th d March — in obedience to which, he had made the nece^^sarr 
enqoiries in r^ard to the conduct of Edward Ker, and Edmund Custis, 
of Accomac, Coiboom Barrel and Jas: McAl|Mne, British Subjects — In 
the spring of 1781 a brig loaded with ~ wet and dry goods,*^ bound from 
Charleston S. Carolina to Portsmouth Ta^ owned bv Ban^L and com- 
manded by McAlpine, had been drirai ashore on the coast of that 
County — ^There two men with the crew surrendered themselves to Mr. 
Arthur Upshur, who agreed that they should retain their Clothes and 
Chests undisturbed — ^He was the man willing to grant these terms, 
because he had apprehended they were coming to rob hinu instead of 
with the intention of surrendering: and was also a very humane man — 
Barrd and McAlpine subsequently had applied to him (Col Corbin^ for 
permission to go to Philadelphia intk aU kis crew which he could not 
legally grant, but at the same time did not like to keep so many pri> 
soners in the county. In the meantime, after a proper conference with 
himself on the subject, Mr. Custis purchased of Barrel, some of his own 
private clothing, a small clock, a tellescope and a suit of curtains, all of 
which he had a right to do as these articles were the property of Barrel 
under his agreement with Mr. Upshur — ^They also had dealings with 
each other for two horses when they expected to go to Philadelphia Ac, 
that in justice to Mr. Custis. he saw nothing improper in this, and had 
always considered him ''a friend to American Independence" — Soon 
after the above transactions, these prisoners were exchanged at Ports- 
mouth for an equal number from that County — The horses left by 
McAlpine were with Mr. Ker, who sold one of them for 100 barrels 
com. ^ not yet hard/* and Capt : Parker seised the other. He does not 
think Mr. Ker, in bartering for the com, intended it for the enemy at 
Portsmouth, in as much as he had behaved with the greatest caution 
since the year 1776, since which time he had been under suspicion: 
though he (Corbin) did not consider Ker as friendly to American Inde- 
pendence — Col: Corbin expresses much regret, his Excellency should 
still dwell upon the *'iU^al intercourse,*' carried on between the people 
of that peninsula and the enemy; but refers to the case of Rev: John 
Lyon, who although tried and convicted, was nevertheless allowed to 
return and was then at large amongst the people^ much to the surprise of 
all — This illicit trade had been the source of many and great evils, but 
a desperate remedy to a desperate state of things had been applied the 




1782. July before, when ^^ three of the most notorious viUianSy who had robbed 
May 11th many and murdered one innocent man'' had been seized and hung ^^with 
very short ceremony'' — Since then, they "had enjoyed some peace and 
quiet" — But, he adds, the late order for the removal of the Continental 
troops had produced the greatest concern, lest their enemies infesting 
the Coast in barges should thereby be enabled to renew their depreda- 
tions, and in connection with these "dregs of humanity," the tories, 
return to take revenge upon the friends of the Country — 

May lltb Capt: Windsor Brown, (State Legion) writes to Col: Davies, that he 
Portsmoath had recovered from his long and painful Rheumatism, and should report 
^* at Richmond to settle his accounts in the Pay mastei's^ Clothier's Depart- 
ments, when he could get the means of paying his expenses ; and adds 
"you will confer a singular favour, if you, by a line or two let me know what 
prospects we Soldiers have, to receive some pay, for I declare to God, that 
since I was sixteen years old, I never was so distressed for the want of money, 
* * * * all my consolation is, hope that times will be better * *," — 

May lltb Col: Lewis Burwell to Col: Da vies. 

Mecklenburg He had received from Mr. David Ross, the enclosures, of a scheme 
^* to raise by subscription a supply of mony or tobacco, for the present 
relief of the Officers and Soldiers &c — but that he had not been able to 
carry it into execution, on account of the "backwardness" or poverty 
of the people — He had received instructions respecting the quota of 
beef from that county, but is sorry to say, the Senior Acting Magistrate 
(Col: Munford) Jiad so given himself up to drink, that he was not capable of 
attending to business, but tjiat Mr. Henry Delong was a proper person, 
who should be appointed to this business — He had delivered to Capt: 
Churchill Jones, 65 shirts, 64 pr: stockings, 28 pr: shoes, 32 pr: overalls, 
26 Hats k Caps, and as soon as he could collect the remainder should 
deliver them at Petersburg &c — 

May lltb Cleon Moore, (Atty: for Fairfax) to Col: Davies. 

''Golcbester'' Asking for instructions, as to how he shall proceed, in the absence of 
Fairfax Co. any particular law, to prosecute Col: James Hendricks, for mal-practioe 
in his office of Assistant Deputy Quarter Master &c — 



Major Claiborne to Col: Davibs. 1782. 

May 12th 

That Capt: Overtoo of the Ya. Line, being sent by Genl: Muhlen- Bichmond 
bery to be stationed as Commandant of the Port of Richmond, makes 
requisition upon him for forage, upon the General's order — The amount 
he shall draw, should be allowed as a Continental charge — He addresses 
Col : Davies on this subject, because the Continental Q. M. Department 
is destitute of forage. 

Capt: H. Young encloses to Capt: Chas Thomas, an Order for the May 12th 
" State negroes " in his possession : their names and occupations — ^also — Richmond 
Capt Thomas replies that those under him were employed getting 
''Bark" for tanning the public hides: but should have been delivered 
had it not been Sunday ^ ^^a day they have, of their accustomed usage" Six, ' 
are employed on board the "Cormorant" &c — 

Jno: Dixon, to the Governor. May 12tb 

In accordance with his request, the minutest enquiries had been made, WilliamB- 
in regard to Mr. Hector McAlister, Commissary of Prisoners to the '^ 

British Army under Lord Cornwallisj and that it was only known, that 
he had gone to New York with the British Officers soon after the sur- 
render, and had not been since seen at Yorktown — A gentleman named 
John McAlister, now keeps a store' in Williamsburg, who came to the 
place from Fredericksburg after the seige of York, formerly lived in 
Philadelphia, and had been an officer in the American Army — Thos. 
Hughes still continues in town on his parole, and only wants for some 
tobacco from Mr. Ross to enable him to go to New York — 

Reuben Lindsay to the Governor. May I3th 

Declining to act as Commissioner of the District on account of other Albemarle 
business elsewhere — ^' 

Capt: H. Young asks Col: Davies for authority to send waggons to May 14th 
the "Piping-Tree" and Dabney*s, for the bacon and forage there, as the Richmond 
Commissary Depai*tment, had had no meat for several dayc 


1782. Capt: a. Kirkpatrick to Col: Daviss. 

May 14ih 
Cumberland Claiming his rank to be based upon his comn^ission dated January 

Old Ct: 4th, 1777. 



Nortbamp- After refering to bis collecting the specific tax, as commissioner of the 
ton County provision law; bogs to remind him of the promise made to send to that 
county a "troop" of the State Legion. That Col: Dabney thought it 
best to get an armed French vessel to carry over such as might be 
needed ; that the small company then on duty had only 18 or 20 men, 
who were not able to protect the slaves from the constant incursions of 
the enemy from their barges — 

May 14th CoL: Da VIES TO CoL: Joseph Holmes, at Winchester. 

War Office Informing him, that a "relief" from Berkoly, Frederic and Shenando, 
to take the place of the men from Hampshire co — then serving in 
Monongalia, had been ordered; aud instructing him to furnish them 
with supplies, by disposing of the public stores in his District — Expresses 
his surprise, that the "Prisoners" are still kept at Winchester, and the 
militia required to guard them — 

May 15th Col: Saml: Hawes requests of Col: Davies, all the information he can 

Cum: Old furnish in regard to Capt: Kirkpalrick's rank, in accordance with the 

^^^^ arrangement tki "White Plains," and subsequently "at Middlebrook" — 


lina" to Governor Harrison op Va. 


On board the Please to receive herewith my Letter to His Excellency John 
•* South Car- j^iathews Esqr. Governor and Commander in Chief of the State of 
tude 28^ n. & South Carolina; acquainting him of the surrender of the Bahama 
TG^Hy^weBt Islands to His Catholic Majesty — After you have perused it you will 
from London much oblige me to forward it by the first safe conveyance, and also to 
transmit Copy of it to His Excellency the President of Congress — 

I have wrote a similar Letter by every Vessel now in company with 
me, as it appeai-s to me this advice cannot be too early known to the 
Gentlemen concerned in Trade in every part of the United States. I 
trust that your Excellency will pardon this trouble, and that you will 
believe me to be with all due respect. 

Your Excellency's most obedient & most humble Serv*t" 


Griffin Stith, Clerk, certifies that there are now <Hwo thousand titbable 1782. 

persons" in the County — May 15th 

ton Co 

Certificate of amount of pay received by ^* Doct : George Draper late May 16th 
Physician and Surgeon in the General Hospital'* — Office of ac- 

As Junior Surgeon fi-om April 11th 1777 to Oct: 6th 1780 at two dol- derhia^**"*" 
lars pr: day — 2548 dollai*s — As -'Physician & Surgeon" from Oct: 7th 
1780 to Jan'y 31st 1782, at "120 Dolls: pr: month "=1900 Dolls: His 
Rations from Sept: 1st 1778, to 30th Sept: 1780, at "3 pr: Day, 
amounted to 2280 at 10 ct. pr: ration 253.30-100 dolls: 

Col: Da vies to the Governor. May leth 

Enclosing extracts of letters from Col: J. Cropper and Col: Geo. War Office 
Corbin of the Eastern Shore, and from Col: Dabney in command at 
Portsmouth in regard to the state of things in that peninsula and the 
removal of troops &c — 

Col: Cropper writes on the 2nd May "The purpose of this letter is 
(if possible) to obtain permission for these soldiers, or a part of them 
to remain among us, for without some regular force stationed here this 
shore must be ruined. At all times we are surrounded by danger, and 
the season is now come, in which we are continually in alarm. At this 
moment there are four or more barges of the Enemy on the coast of 
Aecomac. two captured a schooner in sight of my house yesterday, and 
I received certain intelligence last night that two more are at Chingo- 
teague (the next inlet above the one 1 live in) on their way from New 
York — Two barges landed their crews at Major Custis' on the 17th inst: 
and would have done considerable mischief there and in the neighbor- 
hood, had it not been for the activity of Major Poulson's troops, in con- 
junction with that of the militia — With a small regular force to watch 
this kind of enemy, and to follow them up and down the coast, the 
militia certainly can be alarmed of the time and place they are want- 
ing, but without them the militia will be constantly marching and 
Countermarching, sometimes too soon and sometimes too late, and they 
will be so harrassed and hindered from their farms, that often times 
they will prefer not turning out to save the property of their neigh- 
bours rather than run the risque of a false alarm. This County has 
furnished so many men for the Army and Navy heretofore, that it is 
exceedingly drained of men, and unable to station guards nightly, equal 
to its protection : therefore Sir, be assured that the Salvation of the 
Eastern Shore, separated as it is from any succours that might be sent 
from the Western, depends in a great measure on the men you have 
ordered to be taken from us — 


1782. Let me beg you Sir, to communicate the intention of this letter in a 

May 16Ui manner better than I am capable of doing to His Excellency our Gov- 
ernor and bis honourable Council and send me by the bearer, as soon as 
possible their answer thereto. Use your influence with them to save 
this Eastern Shore, by suffering at least a third part of the men we 
raised under the last draft law, to remain among us. I conceive (and 
hope you will on reflection think so too) that these men could be of 
more service on this shore, than on any part of~ the Continent." 

Col : Corbin writes at the same date, " I was this day informed that 
the regular troops stationed on our shore for our protection were imme- 
diately to be withdrawn — I have therefore taken the liberty of repre- 
senting to you the horrid dangers with which we were threatened 
about 12 mos: past, by the Barges that infest our Coasts aided and 
assisted by the Maryland Refugees and the disaffected among ourselves — 

Pardon me for reporting (for I am sure it must be fresh in your 
minds.) the bloody plots which those inhuman wretches formed against 
the principal well affected inhabitants of this County. I pass over 
the many plundering scenes which have been exhibited in this County, 
honest families surprised in the night and robed of all their valuables, 
striped naked of deaths, turned into the open air men, women and 
children, regarding neither age or sex, and their peaceful habitations 
burnt to ashes, and shall only mention that they had appointed the 
night, prepared a number of ropes as instruments of death, and marked 
their devoted victims; but the kind hand of providence was against 
them : a few nights before the appointed time, a party of them went 
out to induce the negroes to join, more effectually to carry into execu- 
tion the black designs, but one of them being discovered by a master 
whose slave he was enticing to join him, called on the villain to know 
what business he had there? who replied, I will soon let you know, and 
soon after shot the master dead — The neighbours of the deceased with 
a number of well affected citizens went in pursuit of the murderers, 
caught the slave before mentioned, whom they had carried off by force, 
and being by him informed who were the guilty persons, three of the 
ringleaders were immediately seized upon, carried to the gallows, 
where, (after making a free and full confession of their guilt as related 
by the negro) they were hanged as a terror to like offenders — These are 
the natural consequences which are produced by a want of protection, 
and a due execution of the laws of the land, which could not be effected 
in times of anarchy and confusion without militar}"^ aid — 

Now Sir, as order and good Government cannot approve such illegal 
exertions as above mentioned, altho' excited by a love of humanity, & 
exercised upon the worst of beings, least general Anarchy take place ; 
then hope you will use your influence to have a part of these troops 
(if all cannot be granted) to be stationed among us. I cannot doubt 
your assistance and success on this occasion '* — 



Col: Charles Dabney, on the same subject writes from Portsmouth 
May 11th — "A Small vessel arrived here a few days ago to carry the 
cavalry to the Eastern shore, but as she had no guns, and badly fixed 
for their accommodation, and having received information that the 
Enemy had armed boats in the Bay, I determined not to send them* till 
I could hear from Richmond — If the executive are determined to send 
them (which I could wish might be avoided, as the detaching the corps 
IS very distressing to me), I would advise that application be made to 
the French for an armed vessel, as there certainly is a risque in sending 
them in any other. 

The cavalry are much in want of Saddles: those on hand are unfit for 



May 16th 

Gray Briqgs to Col: Davies. 

Regretting his inability to collect the revenue in the County, because 
"the larger majority*' of the people omitted to list their tithables the 
last year. The defaulters are liable to a penalty, and the Grand Jury 
will doubtless present them, but /' we shall never get a petit jury to find 
guilty those who can prove that the magistrates, with whom they were 
to enlist, were hiding from the^enemy great part of the summer, and 
when they returned home, that masters of families were generally per- 
forming military duty 'til the last of October." This should have been 
anticipated by the Legislature, and the Commissioners should have been 
supplied with lists of tithables for the present and not the former year: 
this would have removed the complaints against a law, which as it now 
stands, subjects numbers of people to the payment of a tax on slaves 
**that are dead or shipped beyond Sea by the British" — 

May 16th 




Col: Ed'd Carrinoton to the Governor. 



May 17th 

Capt: Young may possibly have some delicacy in engaging in the Richmond 
measure I have to propose to him of doing the duties necessary in the 
Continental Quarter Master's line at this place, unless he could first 
have the express approbation of your Excellency in Council, theretor. 
I am so well assured he will be competent to the business of both the 
Continent & State, that I am really desirous of employing him, & there- 
fore wish to have every impediment to his acceptance removed. On 
these considerations I take the liberty of asking that your Excellency 
will be pleased to obtain such approbation in this case, as will be satis- 
factory to him. 

I have the Honor to be, with the most 
perfect respect. — 



1782. CoL: Dayies to Richmond Terrell & Major Wiloox, Commiss'ers for 
May 17th Charles Citt Co. 

War Office Pirecting them **to deliver fifty barrels of corn to the Order of Ben- 
jamin HarriRon Esq. of' Brandon, in part, for Corn lent by him for the 
support of the Army when before York " — 

May 18th Capt: John Pryor sends "Mr. Haynes" at Col: Dabney*s request, to 
procure the necessary articles for " making drums and fifes'*: (he having 
frequently made them before,) provided Col : Davies can give assurance 
of "his receiving his money'* for the work when done — 

May 18th Capt: John Pryor to Col: Davies. 

Richmond Giving at length, account of the difficulties he had encountered, ever 
since his appointment as Com: "General of Military Stores of Vir- 
ginia" — ^Tn his late efforts, in obedience to orders, to collect the scattered 
Ordnance stores of all kinds, the great want of transportation has very 
much interfered with his duties: ancT that in consequence, they have 
remained scattered and insecure, and liable to injury — He has made 
every effort to establish shops for the repair of arms in different parts 
of the County by contracts with private individuals; bnt the people 
have no confidence in the ability of the Legislature to enforce the col- 
lection of the Specie tax, because the money is not in the Country and 
therefore think they will neVer be paid for their work. They do not 
regard the offers to exempt such as might work for the public, from 
military duty, because they have ceased to apprehend another invasion. 
Mr. James Hunter, is the only person, who seems disposed to undertake 
the repairing of arms upon being paid "a certain part of the taxes*' for 
his work — He has been obliged to furlough most of his artificers, because 
he had not the means of supporting them — Steel, & oil were much 
needed : also spirits of wine, brandy, nitre &c in order to employ Capt: 
Green of the Continental Laboratory in preparing ammunition, before 
be goes off to New London, where he proposes to fix his Laboratory — 
Wants funds to prepare the Cannon ammunition for the armed vessels, 
under the requisitions of the Commercial Agent — Asks for a keeper of 
the Magazine, and Superintendant of the Laboratory at the Point of 
Fork, and the requisite pay for them — Encloses an estimate of the 
ammunition wanted for the Ship ^^ Cormorant'' — also for "drums and 
fifes" &c — In accordance with the late orders, he is apprehensive he 
may be called to perform active military duty, to receive recruits at Cum- 
berland Old. Court House, and requests the Executive obtain exemption 
for him from G^enl: Greene, lest he should be forced to abandon his 
Department &c &c — 


Capt: J. Pryor, requests Col: Daviee to lay before the Executive an 1782. 
expose of the condition of his Department; of which he is getting May 19th 
very tired, unless he can be better supplied — also for orders to the Bichmond 
County Lieutenants of Suflfblk, "where those Cannon lay" to furnish 
men to get them on board the vessels. 

BiRKETT Davenport to the Governor. May 20th 

Accepting the appointment as Commissioner for the District of Culpeper Co. 
Spotsylvania, Orange, Culpeper, and Fauquier, but apprehending great 
difficulty, ^^as most of the business seems to be in the greatest darkness, and 
covered in obscurity'' 

BiRKETT Davenport to Col: Davibs. May 20th 

Dwelling at length upon the difficulties attending the execution of Culpeper Go. 
his duties as Commissioner — the refusal of people to surrender public 
property in their hands, hides, horses, &c. The Bacon collected should 
be sent to Major Dick, at Fredericksburg, but be does not think the 
com, oats, hay, worth the expense of transportation, consequently 
should sell them. He had only received returns for the past year from 
Culpeper Co, according to which 14,000 pounds Hemp have been deliv- 
ered, but no Tobacco, & very little grain — &c 

Major John Hardin to Col: Davies. May 20th 

In regard to the boats at Fort Pitt, being amply sufficient to trans- " Red Stone 
port the provisions down the Ohio, when the waggons then beyond 
Martinsburg, should arrive with them. Capt Cragg had carried up 
artillery from the Falls of Ohio, in them, and of course they would 
serve for this purpose — 

Col: Davies to the Governor. May 20th 


He has informed Captains Hopkins, Swann, and Watts, he should lay War Office 
before the Executive their respective claims to the ** majority " of the 
Ist Regt. of Dragoons — He submits to the Governor, whether it would 
not be eligible to refer this matter to the General and Field Officers, 
and that the appointment be made, in accordance with their report — 
He has requested of Capt: Pryor, a ftill statement of the Condition of 
his Department; from which it will be seen that unless measures are 


f^ CMuafoxtt 09 "^vxTtL rjunos. 

1W H<^ Ritir^m 6<i fi9f9>^«sr p a ni uwiii a. ^(§£ \Ab: mSL 

i y <iiyi H<» » yf%j'vti^ ftiff % ffoarirjia, irx (iJ^TZmin p^tr^ina. foppoffei to- b*Te Iwen 

fftmi AriffimHk ftftd fe>e^i,ftgfe>« Coii — *L**^: Ihrtham HilL will emrrj it 
wpf Oh him nfttm fn^h tke JkmtaMij, ii^oxslA htt gp&at it — 

Il te^* »^w^ thPfrm'u9f( him iA tbe arrival %X Hampton of sevenl of *- the Traders 
(tajninlnnin m Y'/rk'^ far the T^/h»cc<> doe them -this month*' for the 
myf^Um fnm\n\»t6 by them for the %rmy, in seeordrnDce with his eon- 
ink4 wHh them aft«rr the sarrender. Sogge»ts the hest mode of meet- 
ing thin pfty merit; mnd to mvoid the conseqaenees ci improper inter- 
eattrmi which might re^tilt from aliowing these people in their Tessels 
to pimeirsie fnr ap the riveni, he saggests that proper persons be 
Sf/poinie^J who nhsU superintend the delivery of the Tobacco at stations 
io he Melecf4^1 on nuch riveni as may be convenient, thence to be trans- 
pf/fi^l by Mmall crafl to the vensela at York — ^He will give every assist- 
am;e to the Commercial Agent 

May 9tHh (jol; Arthur (/ampbell, enclosoH to the Governor, copies of papers 
Ulahtfiood ustit to bim, by Cot: Kvan Shelby, which show the condition of things 
Among the Houtborn Indians, and that the government has now the 
opportunity to put matters in proper train with these needy people — 
lit Copy of letter IVom Col: Shelby, dated, "Beaver Creek — April 29th 
1782 to Col: Campbell — that some •Cherokee Chiefs had been at his 
hoUMo, and brought "rt talk " from the friendly towns, a copy of which 
In hc^rowttb onolomul. That a ^'Chickasaw Runner*' was on his way to 
tbn " Uland " in iiiM'ordanoo with "our invitation, and to let us know the 
good dtf^ponltion of bin nation" but had stopped in the Cherokee towns 
on account of what bo had there heard, lest he should be ill-treated by 
un. "He nont hts business'* by the Cherokee messengers, herewith 
c^nclonod with the "Cherokee talk*' — The goods sent to the Chicasaws 
having provokeii Jealousy amongst the Cherokees, a good Agent, (the 
prtHMkUl on0 being entirely out of credit with them) might turn this, to 
Romo aceounti as the Chorokces wen' in a naked and deplorable oondi- 
Iton for wiuii of goods aiid ammunitioQ — He had sent an answer to the 


"talk" of the Cbicasaws; and would iiave delayed doing anything 1782. 
until he (Col: CampbeU) should himself go down, but provisions were May aoth 
so scarce, and as *'the public had no credit" to purchase any, he had 
ventured to hear them, and send them away as soon as possible — He 
requests, that copies of these ^^ Speeches'' be sent to the Executives of 
Virginia and N. Carolina, or to Congress: **for it would be bad policy 
to neglect the application of the Indians,'' as the emissaries of the 
enemy would certainly take advantage of this — ^Befers, in closing to 
the "handsome manner," in which '^Abrams' people" had captured a 
Major Cummins, suspected of being a " Spy " &c. 


An address, from the friendly Chiefs of the Oherokees, to the Commissioners 
of the United States, appointed by the Hon : Genl : Greene, and delivered, 
to Col : Evan Shelby, one of them, by two of their Captains <kc — 

Ailer making, and performing the usual ceremonies, one of the mes- 
sengers rose, and addressed Col : Shelby as followeth — 


We are sent to you, by the Beloved men of the fiiendly Chero- 
kees. The reasons we come, are that our Chiefs concluded, if their 
young men came, it would not have the same effect ; as they confided 
that their sentiments would be uttered by us, as they wished them to 
be expressed, and that they would have weight with you, as the case of 
our nation calls for speedy relief — We heard that our brothers, the 
Americans, was much displeased with us. The reasons we hardly can 
guess. Col: Martin threatens us often, and says we will be visited by 
an army again, if any more of his Countrymen are plundered or scalped 
by our nation. The roguery of the Tories, that came among us, and 
the Theives of our people that join them, we cannot restrain, as we are 
unsupported by you. Many of our people are now lying out, and 
knows not what to do, afraid of your enemies, and your people — We 
ventured in with dread: but are now glad to find your people, so 
friendly disposed, and you so ready to hear the greivance of a distressed 

Brother, we are very scarce of provisions, and will suffer, if we have 
not the opportunity of getting supplied from your settlements, by paying 
for it, with such articles as we can spare, altho' we have but few, having 
no ammunition to kill game with: and if we had, it seemed dangerous 
even to hunt, for fear your people should kill us, as they did a party of 
the Valley-Town people: we hope through mistake, thinking they 
were from Chickamogga. 

Brother, you have been in our Country, and know what a weak, dis- 
tressed people we are become. Look back and recollect what a numer- 
ous and warlike people we were, when our assistance were asked against 



1782. the French on the Ohio, — We took pity on yoa then, and assisted yon. 
May 20th We have been continually since, decreasing, and are now become weak. 
What are the causes? That war, and succeeding invasions of oar Ck>un- 
try. You were no nation then. Your Father lived over the Great 
Water. You claimed the same head, we then did. You now have cast 
him off, and called him your enemy. The French and Spaniards you 
call your true friends. We believe they are such, having lately told the 
Creeks and Chickasas not to hurt you. We are sincerely disposed to 
call the Head-men of America, our Fathers, your friends ours, wishing 
for an unsuspecting intercourse, so that we may again be cloathed, and 
all other benefits renewed — 

Brother — We suspect the situation of the Red-people to the South- 
ward, and particularly that of our nation, is not attended to by your 
Head-men near the sea-side — Prove yourself our friend in this day of 
our distress. Let not this '* Talk " fall to the ground disregarded, but 
let it make a deep impression on your mind, and give a full representa- 
tion of our case to our Fathers, the Head-men of America, who will 
surely relieve us, as they will be sorry to hear that their children are 
poor, and naked, and hardly wherein that to subsist. 

Brother, The Chikasas have American and Spanish Traders among 
them, who have brought goods in plenty, and every one seems con- 
tented and in a flourishing way. But we who were foremost in making 
peace with you are in poverty and distress, which grieves us sorely — 

In token of our friendship and sincerity, we send you a String of 
White Wampum — A String — 

.p . The message of the Chief of the Chikasas, as delivered by the 
C'-^opy; messenger from the Cherokees — 

The Great Chief of the Chikasas sent one of his beloved men and 
Captains to his friends the Cherokees, to acquaint them that he is at 
perfect peace with the French, Spaniards, and Americans, and that he 
had now three large stores of goods in his Towns, being brought from 
Mobile. The Chikasas' messenger was desirous to come in with the 
glad tidings to the Great Island, had not the news of war between you 
and us prevented him, but he earnestly requested us to acquaint you of 
the friendly disposition of his nation to the white people of America, 
and that as he came through the Upper Creek, he was at a Council 
that was held there in consequence of an Agent from the Spanish Gov- 
ernor of West-Florida arriving among them. That he found the Creek 
Indians were much pleased with the proposals made by the Spaniards, 
saying they were now going to have their old Father take care of them. 
The Agent authorized to hold the Treaty, was the same person who 
was Commandant of the Alabama Fort, when Florida was given up to 
the English. The Chikasas' messenger was ordered by the Creeks, not 
to let any of the Chickamogga people know his business, as he passed 


thro' their Towns, as he might be murdered or delivered to the British 

In Confirmation of the truth of what we have delivered, we present 
you with the String of White Wampum, we received for you, from the 
Chikasas Messenger — 

A. String"— 


Hay 20tli 

Chas: Cameron to the Gtovebnor. 

May 21tt 

Accepting the appointment as Commissioner for the District, including Staunton 
Augusta, Rockbridge and Buckingham, and asking for instructions as to 
whether he should require a settlement of the accounts of his prede- 
cessors, the Quartermasters and Commissaries — He cannot supply the 
Post established at that place ; for want of waggons, and is at a loss to 
know how to procure them — also, accounting for the public arms now 
^Mn exceeding bad order" that had been lodged in Col: Mathews* cellar 
and the damaged powder — The former had been removed to a Lumber 
House — the latter he should endeavor to have "wrought over," but Col: 
Smiths* Sons, to whom he had been directed to have it sent, were dead: 
Should therefore employ^ some one else — Desirous to know who shall 
take charge of the beeves collected, and upon what terms they shall be 
pastured ? 

Capt: Pryor asks leave of absence, for five or six days, of Col: May 2l8t 
Davies, "on some private business" — and will leave Mr Reynolds in Richmond 
charge, with full directions, before he sets out. 

Col: Joseph Holmes to Col: Davies. 

May 2l8t 

Giving general account of the District under him, the "specific tax*' Winchester 
in corn, hay, money of which he has only rec'd five pounds — ^Also the 
collecting of arms — The Prisoners at Winchester still under guard of 
about one hundred men maintained by contract, and allowed as part of 
the Continental quota of the State — These prisoners are the sick that 
were left after the marching of the others into Maryland; and others 
who came up afterwards from Fredericksburg — Mr. Carney, on his way 
westward had lost some of his waggon-horses, and one waggon, broke, 
down ; but he is again on the march towards Fort Pitt. 




Col: Jobn MoTuytL. in rt^ud to tlie "specifix lax~ in his 
write* to Col: Dories, ibmt be had on hand about 150 Bar rc is of Aoar, 
30 poor cattle^ a €Ott:$idc7able qoantitr c^ tonk and ottts — Flomr wheat 
dr er/m seO io 1/ac for ca^sb. be will await farther ordtts aa to what he 
abould do— aa he will have on hand a eoosidermble qiiantitj of these 


ObC9 of 




^ Id porMUUice of the Act of Congress of the 20tb Febj : last, 
1 DOW do myself the hoDor. to DomiDate Zepheoiah Turner £i$q for Com- 
inissiooer to settle the aceounta. betweeD the State of Virgioia, aod the 
UDited States, and to liquidate and settle io specie value, all Certificates 
given bj public officers, to individuals iu that State: and other claims of 
such iodividuals^ against the United States, according to the form and 
effect of that Act— 

This gentleman is a citizen of the State of Maryland, and warmly 
recommended to roe, as a man of sense, integrity, industry, and com- 
pleat knowledge of business and accounts. I hope he may prove accept- 
able, and so conduct the business as to deserve the approbation of all 
good men. Your Excellency, will pardon me in observing, that in no 
instance, the citizen of any State will be nominated for the State to 
which be belongs. The evident propriety of this rule, may render the 
information unnecessary, but I thought it best to give it in order, that 
no misconception might take place " — 

I have the honor to be &c Ac — 

Kajt 28d Cbas. Russell, (Dep: Q. Master) writes to Col: Davies, that no return 
Glebe of waggonH from that District is necessary; in as much as he ^'has not 
^C^ty'^ received a single oney 


Capt: Anthony Stevenson, applies for aid to carrj^ his schooner back 
to Burmuda, or for license to sell her; he having brought to Virginia 
eighty American prisoners, and two French, and can get none for 
exchange to transport back or to man his vessel. Begs to be allowed 
to sell her and go to New York in one of the Flags of Truce now load- 
ing with Tobacco. 


Capt: J. Anderson to . 1782. 

u Sir, Miy 28d 

I have never heard of such a thing as case hardening Iron ram- Richmond 
rods — An art I believe never was practiced by any man. An Iron ram 
rod in my opinion ought never be put to a muskett. Though I am 
sorry to say we have too many of them, which I suppose is owing to 
those that had the direction of haveing them made. There is one half 
of the muskets that wants repairs, is without ramrods, which is owing Steel Btm- 
in some measure to their being made of Iron. The least strain almost ^ 
will Render them useless — If you think proper, after this that I shall 
make Iron ramrods, it shall be attended too Amediately. 

I am Sir your most ob't humble Servant". 

&c &c 
" In Council, May 27th, 1782 
The Ramrods must be made of Steel" 

Benj: Harrison" 

Circular from Chas. Thomson, Secy, of Congress, enclosing to the May 28d 
Governor, a Resolution of Congress, past 21st inst: Authorizing the Secrcury's 
Executives of States to Suspend, in certain cases, the Commissions O^c® 
granted to commanders of Private armed vessels — improper use of 
which having been made not only by the Enemy, but by "persons of 
doubtful character in this State." enclosing also, for the use of the 
State of Virginia, twelve "setts of Commissions for private armed 

Wm. Hay to the Governor. Miy 24th 


The appointment of Commercial Agent, which the Council has Richmond 
been pleased to confer upon me, was notified to me to day, by the Clerk. 
I have the highest sense of the honor conferred on me by the appoint- 
ment, and hope that my conduct in the discharge of my duty, will not 
only be such as to mark my gratitude, but to merit your approbation — 

Since I have been in the Agents' Depai>tment, I have dedicated my Mr. Hay 
whole time and attention to the public service, and although my efforts appointed 
have not been answered by a proportionable success and benefit to the ^™nT&c!* 
Stato, it has been owing to the poverty of our Funds, the deranged state 
of all public business, and the lowness of Public Credit — 

Circumstanced as our Finances are at present, I cannot flatter myself, 
I shall be able to render my Country any very essential service: but 
aided by your Influence and the advice of your Council, my every eflTort 
shall be aimed at the public good and the support of public Credit — 


May 24th 


Permit me to return yon and the Council, my thanks, for the appoint- 
ment, and to assure you that I am 

with every mark of Esteem & Respect &c 

&c &c &c 

Hay 24th 


Wm. Hay, Com: Aqznt to the Govebnob. 


In consequence of your Excellency's letter of the 21st Inst: I had 
communicated with Mr. Ross about the Tobacco to be ship'd on Board 
the two State ships, & he informed me, he would put on Board of each 
one hundred Hhds. 

I don't doubt but your Excellency is acquainted with the '^'Resolution 
of the House of Delegates of yesterday respecting them, & I am sorry 
to inform you that in consequence thereof we shall loose all our officers 
and men. Capts. Maxwell & Harris have determined to quit the ships. 
As Guard Ships or Cruizers, I fear it will be out of your Excellency's 
power ever to get them manned. 

I shall take the earliest opportunity of communicating to the man- 
ager of the Lead mines your Excellency's gracious Pardon of Thomas 
Johnstone & William Smith & the service they are to perform " 

I have the honor to be, yr: Excellency's 
mo: ob't h'ble Servant 

Hay 24th 

berland Co. 

Col: Thos: Gaskins to Col: Dayies. 

Acknowledging receipt of his favor of the 18th inst: and has ordered 
Capt: John McAdam to march to Richmond with the men he has col- 
lected: but finds it "a very difficult matter" to get them together, "as 
some of them allways shore to have sore legs about the time they are 
to march." Some of the men refused at Richmond imposed upon the 
Officers "by faining themselves invalids" as they were "strong & 
sturdy" before they were made soldiers — ^The clothing and beef will be 
accounted for by the officers who recipted for them. The wagon and 
team were sent to Gloucester Camp, with the " 150 infantry & 30 cav- 
alry" under Col: Hill and Capt: McAdam. All the muskets were left 
there by order of the General, they say. The number of Militia in the 
County by return of November last is about 600: and about "200 

*Thif reference is to the Act passed, ordering the Ship *' Cormorant '' and the 
Schooner '* Liberty '' to be fitted out for the defence of the Chesapeake and its tribu- 

Calendar op state papers. 177 

musq'tts & Guns" in bad order — If two hundred stand of arms, with a 1782. 
supply of powder, lead and cartridge paper, " it might answer Tolerable May 24th 
well." The "Salt Pans" in his care, "belonging to the Country" are 
four in number; three very much cmcked, and one entirely good. He 
thinks "it would be best to hire them for the Present," and when the 
boiling is over, "send them to a Forge and Exchange them for Barr 
Iron " 

Gov: Thomas Lee, to Gov: Harrison op Va. May 24th 


I have been favored with your Excellency's Letter of the 27th Annapolis 
ulio: and as early afterwards as possible, submitted the subject of it, to 
the consideration of the General Assembly of this State. You will per- 
ceive by the enclosed Resolution of that Body, that they view the mat- 
ter in the same light with your Excellency. 

I cannot but regret that the rash conduct of an inferior oflScer has 
induced your Excellency to entertain an opinion derogatory to the 
honor of a State which ever wishes to rest upon terms of perfect har- 
mony & friendship with the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

As there was an Evident necessity for my referring the matter to the 
Consideration of the General Assembly, I trust that you will consider 
it as sufficient appology for my not returning an earlier answer — 

I have the honor to be, with Sentiments of perfect respect and Esteem 

Your Excelly's mo: obed't Hbl. Servant 

Whereas the Ships "Cormorant" and "Oliver Cromwell," two Ships 
of War belonging to the State of Virginia, have been assessed by the 
Assessor of Baltimore Town, contrary to the spirit and intention of the 
Law for the Assessment of all property within this State: and Bonds 
taken for the Security and payment of the Tax arising on the valuation 
of the Same, 

Resolved, that the Bonds aforesaid, taken for the purpose aforesaid, 
be. and they are hereby declared void: and that His Excellency Gover- 
nor Lee is requested to inform His Excellency, the Governor of Virginia 
that the Conduct of the Assessor of Baltimore Town is not authorized 
by any Law of this State, and that direction will be given to prevent 
any Instance of this Sort in future, which ma}'' tend to the interruption 
of that Harmony which it is the desire of this State may ever Subsist 
between the two Governments." 
Head and assented to, 
By Order— Th. Harwood, Clk, 

By the Senate 

May 24th 1782 
Read and assented to 
By Order — ^Jas Maccubbin Clk. 


1782. Petition of Sarah Brown to the Executive, praying to be allowed to 

May 26th send her son Saml: Brown to his father at Charles Town, it not bein^ 

Princess "in her Power" to give him such ** Education in this Country as she 

^«««^- desires." 

May 27th Capt: J. Williams, 6tii Va. Regt: to Col Davies. 

Fredericks- Desiring to know how he is to support the troops at this Station — The 
^^^ men are obliged to beg for food — 

May 27th Depositions of Jas: Barron, Richard Barron, and Capt: Hart master 
Henrico Co. of the "Flag Brig Maria," giving the particulars of the forcible seizure 
of the Schooner "William & John" Fred: Kello master, laden with Tar, 
Pork, Turpentine, and "eight boxes of wine the property of the Com- 
manding officer of the French Troops at Hampton," while at anchor off 
Hampton Bar: by the "carpenter, one seaman and three British prison- 
ers" from the said Brig Maria. They carried off the vessel, Captain 
and two negro seamen, whom they landed on Smiths' Island, and pro- 
ceeded to N. York with the vessel and cargo, Ac. 

May 27th Saml: Brown TO Col: Davies. 

Greenbrier Giving reasons why he had not furnished the wagon and team 
^' required — The situation of the County is so remote that Acts of Assem- 
bly rearely reach them until they are out of date, as was the case in 
this instance: And after horses & harness had been purchased, and a 
wagon contracted for, the entire failure of Continental money prevented 
the completion of the wagon. The winter coming on they considered 
it best to sell the horses &c for specie rather than "they should eat 
their heads off" — 

May 28th CoL: Harby Innes to Hon. Beverly Eandolph. 

Bedford Co. Requesting his aid & influence in behalf of himself and many other 
citizens, who when Capt: Edmund Reads' "State Corps of Horse" 
came to New liOndon in February last, and when they were suffering 
severel}'' for want of supplies, furnished provisions to their quarter- 
master with inconvenience to themselves during their stay, with the 
underatanding that such supplies should be accredited to their Share of 
the Specific Tax — The County Commissioners are not now disposed to 
allow this: and the C^ourt of Claims will not entertain the ease. He 
therefore must appeal to the Executive in Council for relief Ac. 



JoH2c Blaik to Got: Hajuusox. 

Id behaif of the widow of Xr Jam«?« UubanL who had hc^o «^IIow>h1 
without proper authority to leave Wmsburg tor Xew \\>rk to see her 
dying husband, but who now de^^ire* to return, alt ho* >vhe had pivmij*ed 
not to do so, adds - I tbrbear Sir» to ursre iu her behalf Ar^^uiueuts of 
Compassion. I know it is unneeetssary. I know that if the S^^fetY id* 
the Public, should in the Opinion of the Hon*ble Boarvi make it their 
duty to reject this Apphcation. the Feelings of Uumauity will atill pli^v 
their Part in private and need no Prompter." * * ♦ * 

* ''If the opinion of the Count de KiH*hambeau may have any 
weight, I am authorised to say that he apprehemU no Hanger t\vm tho 
Indulgence of Mrs. Hubards* request.** 


Wm. HAY TO Joseph Holmes, Suporinteudont of Spoditlo Tax iu IMh- M»y sath 
triet of Shenandoah, Frederick, Berkeley A Ilamptihiro. 

Requesting him to report to his Oltico all the '*irem|» A Tiibacico" Hiohmond 
collected in the District, which by Act of AHHoinl)ly, iH to he puid over 
to him. Desires it to be delivered at ilichmonij, and trnkti whether 
wagons can be hired with specie to haul it? 

J. Madison jnb: and Thoh^ Bland jnh. to (iov: ifAattitiON. 


May Uatb 

The state of news as it respects the action of the Freuch and Kng- pbilMdelpbiii 
lish Fleets in the West Indies, your Kxcelly. will be informed of, by the 
enclosed Paper: we shall however keep the letter open to mid any thing 
which may occur Up throM' a light ufKin that imporiajjt and Jjiterebting 
event, concerning which we have been under such continued anxiety 
this fortnight punt. 

The letters which came enclosed in your Exceliys', by last jx>st, a^ler 
having perused attentively, 615. HH2. 303. 154. 271. 6. 7U.94. 16. 53. 724. 
589. 24- Z2S. 261. 95. no annwt^r or coiijni«-nl on the contenu^ of either 
has yet been addressed or comniunicaUxl to uk<. 6<>6. 645. 6<i5. 250. 751. 
738-154. 271. 348- 94. 99. 145. 285. 202. 72. 25. 94. 6. the 185. 443. 149 
48._94. 4^. We shall endeavor 271. 59. 390. 758. 489. 617. 6. 737, 753. 
and 5<i9. of the 152. C<»7. 616. 25. you mention— 94. 6. 76. 597. 803. 25. 
53. 177. 314. of the 421. 603. 51. 

We think it pn^j>er to accjuaint your Kxi^eilency that a letter 68. 122. 
7(«5. 333. 129. 721. 333. 271. 724. 589. 24. 328. 261. 95. read in Congress 
leadf- to thi** knowiedgv. iho not com|ileLeiy. it appeuri?. theretore that 
72. 356. 145. 297. the 535. 789. 48. 244. hai» been 378. 333. 48. 47. 271. the 


1782. 836 of 711. 94. 670. 95. and that 72. 382. 667. 39. 255. 150. 143 

May 28th of 388. 213. 559. 842. 670. 95. 430. 68. 173—445 of 217. 297. 421. 603. 51. 
781. 24. 496. 113. 47. for that 222. by the 322. 94.— 16— whereby the 222. 
94. 217. 15. 363. 51. 332. 603. 271. 6. 836— this appears to us at 4)i-esent 
to be 6. 282. 94. 6. 322. 59. — 16, but fi*oni what motive or bj' whose insti- 
gation is not clear to us. 

When it was 382. 589. 320. 154. 271. 1051 721. 45. 48. 790. 356. 145, we 
can only find 790. 142. 276. 102. 69. 261. 601. the 714. 94. 6. 799. 382. 4. 
314. of 295. 121. 95. 53. 714. 94. 738. 741. 336. 330. to explain 271. 6. 714. 

94. 16. 6. 441. 105. 652. 617. necessity 94. 37, 72. 400. 174. 262. 

We hinted to your Excellency in our last 6. 76. 231. 95. 95. 47, 53. 
482. 443. 758. 290. 222. of 6. 735. 333. 492. 51. and the measures which, 
w'd probably be pureued by Congress 59. 124. 8. 94. 285. 45. 552. 308. 6. 
222. 95. to all 6. 282. 110 — 100. 562. and 158. 512. 642. they are capable 
of in that line, we have not been mistaken in our conjecture; and Con- 
gress has deemed it speedy 285. 502. 25. 95. 37. 115, 388. 225. 383. to 
the 834. 715. 41. 94. 6. 544. 509. that altho' there is but 72. 499. 41. 49. 
251. 718. 591. 25. 820. they have come to a resolution 271. 519. 410. of 
798. 713. 138. 15. 24. 95. to the 211. 364. 53. 234, 69. 271. 6. 686. 364. 222. 

95. 523. 738. 154. with an 285. 629. 741. 25. to the Executives and 37. 94. 
6. 694. 95. as 9. 15. 59. 386. 75. 94. 6. 427. 41. 222. 94, 12. 735. 741. 333. 
492. 95. and the 509. 95. 311. 154. 30. 430. 271.— They have also ordered 
145. 285. 282. 222 of the 356. 145. 95. 185. 803. 58. 51. and 737. 558. 51. 
49. 330. 619. 154. to be 818. 319. 491. 99. 160. 6. 714. 94. 735. 741. 333. 
492. together 22. 145. 445. of 798. 367. 174. 814. 72. 25— 724r. 207. 48. 
688. 154. 738. 53. Mr, 114. 262. 372. 331. 41. 382. 608. 47. 271. 6. 211. 222. 
95. 724. 589. 241. 69. 48. 53. Mr. 740. 48. 147. 713. 261. 271. 6. 569. 108. 
the latter 93. 594. 271. 328. 241. 429— Letters from Dr. Franklin so late 
as the 30th of March last inform us that England is weary of the war; 
that she appears to want to get out of it, if she knew how, that she is 
nevertheless making 220. 464. 44. 274. 48. 95. to 22. 122. 513. 257. 68.— 
16. 160. 388. 482. 281. 367. 174. 814. 72. 25. 95. 271. 12. 714. 95. in 449. 
241. 399. at the same time that 252. 41. is 258. 30. 6. 103. 489. 713. 160. 
532. 363. 724. 75. 512. 31. and 160. 388. 482. 281. tho' 14. rui. 48. 464. 367. 
174. 814. 72. 25. 95. 271. 6. 153. 94. 16. accompanied by great and 36. 
587. 333. 591. 738. 571. 594. 512. 95. 271. 790. 153. which we are informed 
from 145. 204. 394. 16. 5. 315. 40.— 49. 383. 39. 617. 154. 53. has 485. 617. 
147. 261. 290. 721. 145. 746. 512. 154. by declaring 252. 41. 192. 188. 451. 
330. 92. 48. 815. 594. 512. 483—659. 382. 399. 333. 154. 492. 94. 6. 836— 
Dr. Franklin also informs us that a Bill is on its passage through the 
British House of Commons for the Exchange of American Prisoners — 
it appears that an emissary has been sent to Mr. Adams at the Hague, 
from the British Minintry to sound him relative to peace, and to know 
whether he had any powei*s from Congress to conclude a truce. A con- 
ference was held between the Emissary' and hin\, in the presence of Mr. 
Adam's Sec'y, and terminated as soon as he received information that 


there were powers lodged in Europe for treating of a Peace, which he 1782. 
said no pcn<on in England eould a8iH>rtain until then, altho* he con- May 28ih 
fessod it had iK^n announced in all the Papers of Europe — We have 
related these factn to mu. but as manv of them are secret in their 
nature, we trust they will not be divulged, but in such proportion as 
they may be usefull in opening the Eyes of our Constituents to the Chi- 
cane and Duplicity of our Enemy, and the firmness and good faith of 
our Ally — and as they may stimulate all ranks to energetic exertion 
to obtain the desired object, of an honorable peace in Conjunction with 
an Illustrious Ally and Independence. Mr. Adams' Letter to Dr. 
Franklin of the 26th of March, also informs him that ten or eleven of 
the Cities of Holland have declared for our Independence, and that he 
expects that Province will determine the next day to admit him to an 
audience — be says the picture of England drawn by the above men- 
tioned Emiesary from G. Britain is for them a Gloomy one — We have at 
length obtained, and herewith send you a Copy of the Pennsylvania 
Act of Assembly you sometime ago requested to have — 

We are with the greatest respect, 
Yr: ExcelKy's most ob. Servants" 

Resolution passed, ap[>ointing proper persons to act during recess of Maj 28th 
the Assembly, to make estimates of damages done to the State from In General 
'•obstructed Commerce'* and "the enemies' Cruisers." within "the Awemblj 
Chesapeake Bay and its depending rivers'' during the war, &c. 

SamI: Dyer reports to <.*ol: Davies his arrival with the Public Stores Mav 28th 
and twelve Artificers from Albemarle Barracks. The tailors still at PointofFork 
work, but must soon stop for want of thread: has *^500 jackets on 
hand.'* He will see that the Interests of the State are fully served, as 
far as in bis power. 

Alex: Horsbuboh. David Telpaib. axd Johx Leckly to Goveenob May 29th 


Complains of the restraints imposed u\yon them as Commanders of Off York 
Flags of Truce. They had cheerfully subniitte«J to the Orders commu- 
nicated by Commcxlore Barron restricting them to their vessels — The 
]>olite attention paid them by the i*iym*\ir: OflBcer at Hampton had 
made "their confinement as agreeable as [jossible." but they are now 
denied the lilnrrty of purchasing vegetables and fresh meats, and even of 
•• holding any kind of social intercourse with one another" — They there- 
fore beg the interference ot his Excellency, so that they may receive 
"the common Indulgences of Flag of Trace" — 

f^ ^j^tX!9fimt y9 ^jt.n. ?:£?snL 

jr.^/ >MV^Wi»>^«ii|r Aur -v^ *au^ S* ii«c — - 3£ki&c^ Tjmm^ ' 4»wi. 5«r T<fek 

4M "VKM^ fp*,^ f^frmtfi^U^ Mtit ^wut 5VUUC te«L ffptmyfini. si ^ftocfidiec 

MMT^I^ t<fHmm^ f$9^fnimn% v\$tsm U^tm rimxh^ mwi trwfii^ for pro- 
¥U4^ffm iMi f^ ¥tmmh *^ CafHAifM berewhik ftppeodei — 4c 
*' Al4^^^ffndrin " -WHij — X, Yr>rf( — ^J^/fcn Hunter, ouMter 


«« *<( 

— Wm Looiber 

hdlf/ 4f HH^y;* ^ 

»« »^ 

— John Kerr 

U¥S\)i\I^W ^¥A»t(9\i 

H i* 

— fc/bt Clarluon 

tUfi'Hf^ry** Hrii( 

u tt 

— Wm Fullertoii 


it M 

— ^Jobn Foniytbe 

HuU^iy k \h^\My. Hln/ip 

it it 

— Wm Boys 


tt it 

— Jobn Barriri 

Mfii^ IHHli (^ili Win. Hi'owitd kIvdm '^rulurn" for militia, and asks that the arms 
H^ff^ihi. iiMprMMNiiil, IVotii this liihtiliitaiitH during the late invasions be restored to 


Mii.V *MHh Tho Huv. Jnoi Ttidd IntbrmN Ool: Dnvios, that there are two waggon- 
ImuUM lowdM or (tuiir, whioh ha<l boon in hiH mill, **since last Fall*' — and asks 
MlHl It hit ivmoviMi, lout It Npoil. Ho oould never prevail on the Com- 
mUMHi*loM io Uko U Hwuy« 

M^v «HHH rm»i- W. MilobolK IntUnus* tho Governor of the arrival of another 
\\^rl^ ^' V'iHk^'' I\h^iu Now Y\M'kv briii^ui^ a Mr. Boman« who '*ha$ a pass from 
Ui» ViWHmom^v Uoivi^^^^i^^ Ki'HiikUiK — alM> two ladietii of Scmth Caro- 
\iSM^: Miu i'miol ami Ml^a Uiiiob." 

!^^\ ^k i'v^ k^ i\KaiMXvir?vk\ T^* TH» itovMi:inL»«. 

^KviiuAv^4 |iuvK»i^M^ biiA Mlvv ^' a prv^vKHifi diftlt^. tit whiv^b be laltiriM^ bi$ 


States.'' That he should be thankfol for a statement of such articles as 1782. 
had been delivered to the ''Continental Agents," to be paid for only by M»y «OUi 
authority of the Superintendent of Finance, instead of the requisitions 
of Congress. Then referring to the necessity of protecting the interests 
both of the United States, and of the State of Virginia, he dwells upon 
the impositions lately made in the purchases of horsc^s. as '^ by no means 
answering the description required.*' That he should should charge 
the fault upon the receivers and punish them accordingly; but that there 
must have been "equal criminality'^ in the purchasers. Encloses certifi- 
cates of two '*good judges*' John & Wm. Smith, who had examined 29 
horsjs purchased, and find "only a few " of them fit for service, and 
eight of them of the following ages Ac — 

Black gelding 15 hands high — 15 years old 

"" mare '* " " 18 * " 

Bay gelding 13J ' " 10 " 

^' •' 13i " " 15 

Black " Hi " •' 13 

White ^ 15 -^ " 10 

Bay " 15 " " 20 

^ Black '' 15 " " 15 

Also — certificate of Wm. Dangerfield 
gallon of corn each for six weeks, and bad been in a meadow of 80 
acres of good timothy, and natural grass. 


that these horses had bad a 

Capt : H. TouMO TO CoL: Da VIES. May SUt 

In nrgard to allowing Mr. Wm. Anderson of Hanover to exchange BicbiDODd 
oats for com at the rate of three bushels of the former for two of the 
latter; the proportion that oats bear to com in the public issues — 

Letter of Wm. Dahdrii>ge to the Goverxoe. May — 

He has been a considerable sufferer from loss of slaves who bad gone 
off with the enemy in their different incursions through the Country; 
some of whom be had recovered — But that from the fondness for the 
idle and dissipated life they had lead,' while with the British army, they 
had again gone off. He is sorry to say, many of them are with the 
French Army, where they were encouraged to remain — That one "very 
likely and valuable fellow" was in the employment of a French Major, 
who upon being a^ked to surrender him, said the man informed him be 
was a freeman, and he had therefore a right to employ him — Upon ao 
attempt being made to secure the said slave, he got off; that the same 
officer had gotten another in his service, hired in the same way — ^He 
begs, some steps be taken by the Exeeative to prevent such aboaea. 


1782. Jno: Robertson to C'ol: Da vies. 

Richmond Asking for an order on the Commissioner of Grain tax in Louisa, as 
being necessary to his support: he having alwa^^s maintained his horses 
at his own expense, and his farm being in Louisa it would suit him 
best — Since he left Philadelphia March 4th 1780, he and his assistant* 
had only received £20.00 worth of clothing, and he had advanced £350 
Specie of his own money to them. It is impossible he can attend to all 
the business of his Departments, especially should another campaign 
ensue unless aid is afforded him. 

June l8t Statement of money due to the officers and men, belonging to the 
"State Ships "Cormorant" and "Oliver Cromwell," reported to the 
Genl: Assembly" viz: To James Maxwell of the Cormorant for his 

wages £124. Ul 0. to Lieut: £70. 8. 11.— mate £55. 9. 4.— one 

Sailor £9.00— Cooper £4. 10. 0. & one Sail-maker £5.— To Capt: John 
Harris of the "01 Cromwell," £105. 10. 0— 1st Lieut: Bala £20. 1. 0.— 
Ship^s Steward £8. 18. 8. Gunner £15. 12. 0. &c. 

June 2d Capt: James Gray to Capt: Henry Young. 

Richmond Informing him that Capt: Thomas has six of the Public's negroes in 
his private employment, without authority. 

June 3d Statement of David Koss, that he has in his possession a Bond due by 

Col: Braxton and others to Ed'wd (*arrington Commissioner appointed 
to sell the goods of James R. Robertson <& (^'o. lodged in Mr. Ross' 
hai)ds, '*to cancel one of Genl: Washington's bills of Exchange on the 
financier, constituting part of the funds for discharging the Tobacco 
certificates due to the British Traders & Capitulants at York Town, and 
which Tobacco is now wanted to load the ''Flag ships" armed for the 
pui7)0se" — *' On the back of the bond, it is endorsed that Tob'a of the 
upper James River Inspections shall be reed at 20. S. Sterling & at the 
other Inspections & on the other Rivers, at the rate of IG S. Sterling* — 
Col: Braxton is desirous of paying the Tob'a at these rates. 

JuneSd Capt: Henry Young informs (lov: Harrison, he has not been able to 

Richmond recover from Capt: Thomas any of "the State negroes in his posses- 
sion." The stores of forage within fifty miles of Richmond are nearly 
exhausted, and unless measures are adopted to procure it, three weeks 


wiU'coD^ame all od hAod — The Slato Artificers r^fu^ to wi^ unlets 17^ 
iramediatelj paid tor past servicer Mr. Jauie^ Ha\^ Public Pnuter« Jiui«4Ul 
has been furnished with a house suitable tor a J^rtnting O^i^e: but rent 
ot' it not dxed. 

Wm. Hay to Capt: H, Young. Jun<»4ih 

The Executive had some time bi^foro ^ivon an onior in favor of the Hichnu^d 
Clerks of the Council to furnish each of them with ".£25 worth of 
i^ckkIs/' Having nothing in the Store, but what was ** indispensably 
necessary for the clothing of the Army * he diH^inos complying with the 
onler at present — Nothing new having i»omo into his hands, the onler 
still stands *'against him'* for future consideration. Ho has nothing on 
hand fit for the Artiticers, but will furnish "any kind of Clothing jMir- 
tieularly named" if ordered by the (rovernor. 

Tu£0D*E Bland Jnr. and J. Madison, jnr.: to Gov: Harrison. Juno 4th 


Our last of the 28th ulto. informed your Excellency fully of the PhU«d«lphU 
State of news at this place. Since which nothing nuiterial has ha|>- 
pened, except what the enclosed News F^ipor contains. Theiv yet 
remains some doubt relative to the event of the action of the two Fleets 
in the West Indies. Accounts from Martinique by diffeivnt channels 
and of a late date, appearing to render it dubious whether liodney's 
letter is spurious or real, we confess however, we have no expectation 
of its being the former: Yet there is great room to believe that the 
remainder of the French fleet will form a junction with theSpanlNh att 
Cape Fi'ancois, and that the combined fleets will have a decided superi- 
onty in the West Indies, which will enable them to procee<l with the 
Expedition against Jamaica. 

We find in a Report the Superintendent of Finance has nuide to (con- 
gress — the substance of his letter to you on the subject of Stores, and 
have since had a communication with the Minister of France on that 
Subject, who informs us he answored.your letter to him, relative thereto, 
and he hopes satisfactorily, but requested us to acquaint your Kxcelly 
"that the misfortune which the Count de Ciuicheu's Convoy had met 
with, rendering it very diflicult for the Ministry to procure transports 
Jbr the supply of their own fleets and armies, and to bring out the sup- 
plies ordered for the United States, he fear'd it would not be practicable 
to send out those which had been purchased for the State of Virginia in 
any short time." He gave us to understan<l that the transfer of the 
I>cbt from the State of Virginia to the United States had been a mis- 
understanding of the Ministry, or some of the under oflSeers & that it 



1782. would be revoked and accommodated to all parties — we think however 

June 4th it would not be imprudent in the State of Virginia, if they wish soon to 

have those stores, to provide transports for them, and to obtain the 

same convoy as those Vessels which are to bring out those belonging to 

the United States. 

The *Count de Beniousky, having renewed to us, an offer which has 
been made to Congress, and not accepted, as will be seen by the enclosed 
•papers, No. 1. 2. 3. 4 & 5, we thought it a matter of too much conse- 
quence not to transmit to your K.xcelTy, which we have done, with 
copies of all the Papers relative thereto, as above-mentioned, which 
have been before Congress. It will rest with your Excell'y to consider 
the propriety of taking the time of the Legislature thereon. The terms 
offered in the Paper No: 4. refers to those which have been made to 
Congress, which your Excell'y will see in the Paper No: 1. and an 
explanation thereof in No: 2, after having been remarked upon by 
Genl: Washington. We have only to add on this subject, that the gen- 
tleman who makes the offer does it as an individual. That he is a 
Polish nobleman and a near relation to the late Count Pulasky — That a 
part of the Troops he offers and many of the officers (as heinforms us) 
are such as have followed his fortunes in the partition of that Kingdom. 
That Banish'd from his own Country, he professes a desire to become 
(with his followers) a citizen of some one of these United States, that 
he has recommendations from the French Ministry to their Minister 
here and has had his countenance. The Rejection of his offer to Con- 
gress arose from a doubt in two or three of the States concerning the 
propriety or policy of their being accepted by Congress. It is our desire 
that the offer made by him, it not accepted, mdi,y be kept as secret as 
possible, and that the answer thereto may be transmitted through us 
with all possible expedition, as he will be under a necessity of departing 
for Europe in the course of three or four weeks from this Date, either 
to put himself in a state to execute his proposals, or to take other steps 
with his troops which are now in the Imperial Service, and will shortly 
be at his own charge — his desire of secrecy and the expedition with 
which, Mr. Webb informs us he will travel, has induced us to prefer a 
conveyance by that Gent'n to one by the Post on this occasion. 

♦The name of this oflScer is spelt •• Bieniewsky " in Sparks' Correspondence, 
where is to be found part only of Genl : Washington's letter dated at New-berg 
April 27th, 1782, commenting upon & approving the proposition of Count Bien- 
iewsky. The Delegates enclose herewith a copy of the proposition rejected by Con- 
gress, to be submitted to the State of Virginia, viz: that he, (Bieniewsky) is to 
furnish three Legions of foreign troops, amounting in the aggregate to 8483 men, 
rank and file to serve under the authority of the State as her own troops &c. 
Accompanying the copies of Bieniewsky's proposition, is a copy of Genl : Washing- 
ton's letter (No. 1.) in full, giving seriatim, his views upon the several heads under 
which the proposition is expressed. The communication and letter of the Delegates 
in Congress having bcfen brought before the Executive in Council, they on tb« 18th 
June, referred the same to the Genl : Assembly for tbeir consideration. But we find 
no record of any action haying been taken by that Body upon the subject. 


Since writing the above, Genl : Washington has informed Congress by 
a letter read yesterday, that he had received intelligence of some move- 
ments of the Enemy at New York, which indicate a considerable 
embarkation, as upwards of 80 transports, under a strong convoy had 
fallen down to the Narrows, in order, as was supposed, to take in a large 
body of troops — ^that the whole of the regular troops had been reviewed, 
and a very large proportion of them were under marching orders, for 
what purpose not known — We submit to your Excell'y whether it 
would not be prudent to be on our guard — notwithstanding the delusive 
appearances lately held out: at least, not to relax in any preparations 
for carrying on the war. 

The last post brought us no letter fi*ora yr: Exceiry. 

With the most perfect respect we are, 
Yr: Excellency's most obe't Hu'ble Servants. 


Jane 4 th 

Chas: Cameron to Col. Davies. 

June 4th 

In regard to making report of the Specific tax in that County: needs Staunton 
the particular form. There is a quantity of Powder at the Warm 
Springs, of which he desires to be informed, whether it is public or pri- 
vate property — "the clothing and District beeves is now making up" — 
Col: Armand gets beeves wherever he can, a number of which are 
scattered over the country, lost by the drovers, but are unfit for use. If 
authorized to pay the cost, he will send out poi*8ons to collect them, &c. 

Col: Arthur Campbell to Col: Da vies. 

June 5th 


Late accounts from Washington and Montgomery Counties confirm Richmond 
what I apprehended, that the Northern Indians would continue their 
depredations the whole of the year — I am difiident to propose any 
scheme for our defence, that might druvv from the funds destined for 
the great objects of the war: however the people expect to be protected, 
and I make no doubt the Executive will agree with me that the welfare, 
the existence of a deserving part of the community is an object requir- 
ing some attention. 

I would propose that the Commanding officers of Montgomery and 
Washington may be empowered to order out of their mih'tia, a number 
not exceeding two hundred men to proceed down Sandy River to a con- 
venient spot where there may be a Portage, and erect a Fort, leaving 
about 30 men to garrison it. The others may either act in conjunction 
with the Kentucky people in making incursions into the Enemies country, 
or range on both sides of the Sandy River towards the Ohio. Orders 
for the specifics may be sufiicient to supply them. 



1782. As to the Cherokees, iiistructiong to Col: Martin to be advised by any 

June5ih two of the Commissioners appointed by Genl: Green, on important 
matters woul<i be of service. I think a few goods applyed, and some 
addressed in negotiation will keep them quiet. Perhaps the whole of 
this business might be better plan'd and conducted by the Governor 
ordering a Council of the Field Officers of the two Counties to meet, 
form a plan for the operations of the campaign, or the general defence 
of the two Counties, subject to the control of the Executive from time 
to time. 

Hearing that a party of Jndianf^, about ten days ago, were seen within 
twenty miles of my House. 1 intend to ask leave to go home aboat the 
last of this week. Should the Executive think proper to do anything 
in this matter, I will wait upon them to receive their commands. 

1 am Sir, 

yr: most obt. & very humble Servant.** 

June 6th Col: Davies lays before the Executive information just rec*d from the 

War Office County Lieutenant of Washington, and desires instructions therein. 
From reliable sources he is also informed *Hhat the works at the Lead 
mines are so entirely out of repair" that unless some step is taken to 
put them in order, or to purchase lead, not only the western settlements, 
but "perhaps (leneral Greene's army ma,y be put into a critical situation 
for want of ammunition." 

June 6th 


EicHARD Yabborouoh, Dis^: Comm: to Col: IJaviks. 

Enclosing returns from some of the County Commissioners. From 
Prince George neither wheat or anything else collected; gives report of 
those who have purchased "public: cattle" and refuse to pay for them. 
Having on hand a large supply of *• Seconds or ship-stuif" liable to spoil, 
recommends it be baked into bread, as if sold will not bring half its 
value. The clothing will soon be ready. The public corn and oat« in 
Brunswick, Greensville & Mecklenburg had better be sold, as they will 
not bear transportation at the present excessive cost of wagonage. 
Asks what is to be done with the wheat on hand " now wasting.'* 

June 6th GeORGE KeLLY TO CoL: DaVIES. 

Norfolk One Alex: Watson, taken at York-town says ho is a paroled prisoner 

of war; has been at Norfolk ever since the surrender, ifnd is willing to 
go to New York at once — He will not be allowed to remain where he 
is, can he not therefore be exchanged for "some citizen of the Common- 

JvLlHviv^.i fia^ <r\rs *'^:^shs ir^ 


ai all the piatx-s of do|>osito: \\oul*l Uko I ho )VH|^^MMl^hl> x\| '•\^U^^^ IM^^wisM^v^ 
it, but the great >i*amty ot* moiu\v in tlio r^unln womM m-olvo h^^ 
^rval a !<acritico. 8uiriro>ls it ho ?*on( to Poii^iuouth, wv un {\w Kv>^»^ h 
Trt>o|»s at Cliarlotto ('. llousi\ aiv ^oinj;- to l*oloi^l»urg, mh {\\\\\ \\\\s 
high price?*, it may hu sold tt> thom. 

Wm. JIay, Com: Aoknt, to tu^ (io\MiiNoii .huiw liHli 

Enclosing a letter from (.'olo. ♦(Mnirlen liyneli, Hu|ieriiileniiiiiil nl ||m> MIhImmumiI 
Lead nriinoB '^giving a Htate of the worliN und ihi< |iroi«|Mr|n" |or |hi> 
ensuing 3'ear. He ha<l directed (Japt: HandorH, llieii In rlniiKe o| \\\i\ 
mines to exchange lead for hacon for their nuppot't: Ihiire in u (Imd piMn 
]»ect for ore*' and the largest qunntity uli'iMidy nijwid Im* ivrr IhmI imi 

*The author of the practico of proii)|it |MHiti>hiiii'fil hiHhLml wMhoui n^Hhi \u, 
and in violation of all legal proceed in k« known an " Lyn'-h Law," mHh n »n nh- in 
znauT part« of tbia country. 



June lOth 


bsiKJ, but the furnace i« oat of repair, and one of the miners who says 
he dtffteriefi for want of provifFions. had come to bis bouse and informs 
him they await hi** ^oing up to repair the furnace — He ^avs Sanders 
Uhs^Ih them on nothing but bread and water and "Drive* hard." Sanders* 
f'onduet baii always be45n too irregular and violent. 

The WeUh-men. the laMt Kummer had -'enter'd into Bond not to work 
for the country', uiilem* they nhould all be employed, and John Jinkinn 
Uf have management/' »uppof«ing the business could not be carried on 
without them. Proceed.^, '*at the same time Jinkins and two more that 
1 fixed it on, was sworn in with one Jo: Griffet, who they call Colo: 
Griffet at the bed of the Insurgents in them Parts — I was then so happy 
as to find out their schemes and frustrate them. I was also able to do 
without their assistance, by working the furnace turn about with Mr. 
Sanders & ma<le more Led out of a charge of Oar than they had done 
before. Jinkins, who at that time was one of my Principal men & 
receiving more wages than any man I employed, after their infernal 
schemes was quash 'd, made some acknowledgements & promising all that 
I could ask, I took him into business again, he is of great use about 
the furnace. — but some of the rest, who I am informed made use of bun- 
<lreds of Pounds of the Proprietors property, before the Country took 
possession of the Mines, and who still was employed occasionally, being 
loosers by the mistake I have already mentioned, have never ceas'd to 
say every thing to the Prejudice of Sanders and those eoncem'd: and 
have gained the car of some I did not expect. I am convinced a party 
there is, who by lying, has Deceiv'd some Good men to listen to them — 
they arc mostly torys & such as Sanders has given Lynch's Law too for 
Dealing with negroes Ac." 

June 11th 

C^ueen Co. 

Ed: Hill rep<jrts to Col: Davies. 

That he has collected '' little or no wheat in Essex, only one bushel in 
King & (^ueen and none in King Wm. Co. He is going to Caroline soon. 
From (iloucester he huH rec'd "285 bushls: corn, 83 of oats, 172 lbs of 
bacon.' lie has rec'd £70. 5. 6 in canh. Lettore lefl at Aylott's will 
reach him the ''Tuesday afterdated in Richmond." 

Juno llth 

John Watkins to Col: Davies. 

Petertburg UeHigning bin place in the War Office, and informing him that the 
French Troops irom Charlotte C. House are expected at that place 
"this evening." The District Commissioner very uneasy on the scoix) 
of furnishing them with supplies. 


JoHif Hakmaxson to Col: I>aviv^ 17$^ 

Jttii« I lib 
He has been undkbled to get a settleiuont with tho Aewiuac Com- >!Ksrtb«m|w 

missumers, they haviDg only paper money on hand. The Court ot* that ^^^'^ ^' 

Co, had not appointed a Commissioner toiH^llet^t the -sjHvide'* supplitx^ 

Concludes "my old Friend, no Troojv? yet arriveil. The Barjre* have 

IxH-ome verv thick. I have sutfeniHl muoh hv thenu have k>st some ot* 

my l»e$t n^^roes. Two o(^ them taken out of the kitehen in the dead of 

knight, as a Lieutenant t*>ld me himself he was in my kitchen <!k carriinl 

of Tw«* of my negn»es." 

Jun€» 11 ih 

Memorial <»f Paul Loyall and Jas: Taylor, requesting to Ik^ allowed to Norfolk 
pay into the Treasury the money collected from the tit ha hies, for I he ^**""^^* 
pur(*hasi- of a wagon and team ri'(|uinMl from thei'ounty, in as much as 
they have not been able "to pnH*uiv one/' as *' waggtms ar*» neither 
used or made in this part of the country." 

Governor Jno: Mathews ok South Carolina to (lov: Harrison. Juix^l^b 

Announcing the absolute mH.*cssiiy of an expedition against the «*CMne Aor« 
Indians along the western fn>nticrs of Cieorgia, S. Cai^olina. N. i^arolina 
and Virginia on account of the hostile demonstrations matle by thom; 
i'specially the Cherokccs — and that lie had ordenni (icnl: Pickens to 
make the neccs.%ary preparations for five bundivd men to open tho cam- 
paign in August — He begs the Kxccutivo of Virginia to co-operato in 
this movement, and that the officer in conimuiul of Virginia li>M)ps bo 
instructed to communirute with (ienl: Pi<*kcns as to the best plan of 
operations to be adopted. 

Col: Cameron informs Col: Davics of his inability to get the dam- .lunoiath 
aged arms repaired, because bo cannot assure the workmen of their pay. Staunton 

Sanil: Jones (Ass: Q. Master) informs (.'ol: Davics, that the " Maga- June TJih 
zine at Westham," will be ready to receive ''stores" in a few <lays, Ate. Hichmomi 
Tho stores from N. Castle will bo brought up at once — aNo supplies in 
future to be furnished the Continental Agents. Four wagons & teams 
necessary. Capt: Young to explain to Mr. Price how tho buildings ain* 
to be appropriated. 


1782. Petition to tlie Governor, for the reinisHion of the sentence, against 

June 12th Patrick Welsh, and John Mc Wade, two Dragoons of Col: Mayland's 
Richmond Regiment, convicted of man-slaughter; signed by 

BEN J: TEMPLE, Lieut: Col: 
O. TO WLES, Lieut: Col: 
A. BOll ANNAN, Capt: & (}. M. 

June 13th Gov: Harriflon, enclosing to the Hon: Speaker of the House of 
"In Council" DelegateSj a * letter from the Delegates in Congress, in which he would 
find " a paragra])h '' *' advising us, that the difiiculties weix) removed, 
respecting the payment for the necessaries to be furnished from France, 
and that they would not be sent over in French men-of-war." This cir- 
cumstance shows the propriety of the measures adopted by the Execu- 
tive, sending the State ships for them, and that it will ever he attended 
with disagreeable consiquences, when the Executive power, given by 
the Constitution, shall be divided. He will not trouble him with a 
recapitulation of the wants of the State, but adds — *'my duty to my 
Country and to myself compels me to say, that I think they cannot be 
supplied, but by the means the Executive were pursueing; and that it' 
the State should fall a prey to an invading enemy, for want of the 
means of defence, neglect of duty ought not to be imputed to them." 
The Delegates had also enclosed a "proposal" Irom Count Heniousky, 
with a letter from the Prest: of (^ongress, which he begs, to be laid 
before the Assembly, <tc. 

June 14th Buller Claiborne intercedes with ( -ol : Davies for the discharge of 
Dinwiddie James Howard, a drafte<l soldier, his over-seer, who had been in the ser- 
vice for years, was a great sufferer from rheumatism; was in Morgan's 
(^orps and ''with us when Hurgoyne was caj)tured." If kept in the 
servici', recommends he be employed at Richmond as a carpenter &c Ac. 


June 14th Joint Resolutions passed by the (iem>ral Assembly "that the Honor- 
General able Robert Hanson Harrison be requested to inform the Legislature 

Asaem y ^^^^| p^x^^^^.^tiyc q\' Maryland, that this Assembly has received with much 
cordialitv and ijleasure the very friendlv invitation of Maryland to ioin 
our Marine Forces for the defence of the Commerce of Chesapeake 
Bay and its Dependencies, and for |)roteetini^ th*^ shores from the 
Ravages of the Enemy" &c. and "that the (lovernorbe desired to cor- 

* Not. f<nind. 


respond with the State of Maryland upon the Propriety and Benefit to 1782. 
both States of harmonizing as much as possible, in the Duties, Imports June 14th 
or Customs that are, or may be laid on Commerce" — also 

Resolution, desiring the Governor to give ever}' necessary assistance, 
in forwarding the views of "Congress and their Financier*' in regard to 
the "lading and clearing" certain "flag vessels" with six hundred and 
eighty-five hhds: of Tobacco in this State, and the passports granted 
them, in view of the explanations lately made before the Genl: Assem- 
bly by the Hon: John Rutledgc, and George Clymer Esquires, two 
members of Congress &c. 

Ed'wd Randolph to Gov: Harrison. June 15th 


Until the present moment, I have been unable from the load of Richmond 
criminal business, to return an answer to your Excellency on Mr. 
Andrews' case. 

By the Constitution the Governor is authorized, "with the advice of 
the Council of State to grant reprieves or pardons, except when the 
prosecution shall have been carried on by the house of delegates, or 
the "law shall otherwise particularly direct." So general are these 
expressions, that were this the only legislative provision on the subject, 
no scruple could exist concerning your power to pardon in every 
instance, not falling within the exception. It would be immeterial too, 
whether the pardon preceded or followed the conviction. 

The act however which declares which shall be treason, cuts off your 
right of pardoning only after conviction, in treason. Mr. Andrews then, 
not being convicted, and the extensive right to pardon derived from 
the Constitution, remaining unimpaired before conviction, it follows, 
that your Excellency may now interpose with the hand of mere}-. 
There was much reason why the legislature should not lop off your 
oth«»rwise constitutional power of pardoning, before conviction. For 
the detection of treason frequently depends upon the information of an 
accomplice, whom it may be necessary to render as unexceptionable as 
possible in point of testimony, by obviating the objections to which, 
without a previous pardon, it would be continually exposed on the part 
of the criminal: who would not fail to urge, and with success too, that 
he was making court to government for his life by the virulence of his 
evidence against his accused brother. 

Besides, altho* it might be improper that the Kxecutive should inter- 
fere after conviction, that is, after the crime of treason shall have been 
fixed by a jury, yet every man being in the eye of the Law before trial, 
innocent, there can be little danger arising from intrusting to the Gov- 
ernor & Council the power of pardoning before trial. My opinion 
therefore follows from these observations in favor of 3'our power to 
pardon Mr. Andrews. 




ITM. f cannot allow however that your pai»»port alresdy grvcn, » a dis- 

/onu 15ih charj^ to the sheriff for his failure to brine i^ Antlrews to the coart. 
For it ij» po<»mhle. that at the time of irrantinjr it. joa were not apprized 
of h:« beini5' in cu*itody of the law on **ii»picion of treason. If so. this 
woiiffl destroy the passport, howsoever broad the words may be. apon 
the footing^ of deception. Bat I do not soppo^e that the eonstmction of 
the terms of the passport would admit the idea of it:* operating as a 

The matter heine thas reduced to the q^oestion of expe<iieney, and 
this being a political, rather than a legal inquiry. I shall trouble your 
Kxcellency no farther, than to assure you. that I am, 

With <preat respect 
yr: mo: ob: Serv't." 

Jonel/kh At General ^'Viurt held at the Court House in the Town of Rich- 
Richmond mond Ac " 

George Teel, Parish of Henrico. County of Henrico, convicted of 

Timothy Campbell, of same Parish and County, also, of horse-Mealing 
John Caton, late of Lynhaven Parish, Princess Anne. Co. — treason — 
Jfmbua Hopkins, -^ ** •' treason — 

Hugh Logan, Parish of Augusta. Augusta Co.. Rape — 

James liamb, Lynhaven Parish, P. Ann Co., treason — 

were *' severely sentenced to be hanged for the said offences, b^* the 

Sheriff of Henrico &c Ac " 



June 15th Edward Hill reports to Col: Davics, the amount of "Specifics col- 
Klng lectcd in Caroline County — He has notes for ''9 hhds: Tobacco" and 
Vjueifn o. ^^p^.^.|^^ jj f^yy^ more — and the following from John Sutton at Chester- 
fiolcJ_>44 busi: of corn, 6} of wheat, 43i oats, 5 of Rye & 779 pds: of 
Bacon — from "John lloomes at Boiling Green" 437i bush: of corn, GOi 
ontH, 6021 pels: bucon— "Jos: Timberiake at Port Royal" 866 bush: 
corn, and 954 pds: of bacon — total of 19471 bushels corn — 6i of wheat, 
lOaj outs--5 of Ryv nnd 2335J pds: of Bacon. 

Juno nth Com: Jamks Barrow to Col: Davies. 

Hnmplon Ucturilin^ "the two paroloH" sent him for "Downing & Thomson 
CnptM! of British privateers," as they both wore exchanged "before the 
KniMny loll Portsmouth, one for Jno. Gibson, master of the State Boat 
Llbi»rty, the other for Ca])t: Bird Chamberlino of Colo. Jos: Parker's 
Privateer, taken off the (*apes coming in." 


John Groyart, a British merchant, applying to the Executive for 1782. 
permission to visit Messers John Dixon, living about ten miles from •June 17th 
Gloucester Town, and Joshua Nicholson, to whom he had sold a large Sloop Good 
amount of merchandize at the capitulation of York, but who had not <tpw? York 
paid him therefor; and pledging his word of honour **not to say or do 
anything*' detrimental to the United States or their allies &c. 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Executive. June 17th 

Apologizing for the incomplete returns he is obliged to report, adding War Office 
'*I have never, since I have been in office, been able to procure from the 
Continental Quarter Master's department, the smallest information of 
any stores they have ever received, notwithstanding the immense 
amount of what they have obtained for two or three years past. The 
amount extended in the enclosed account, under the head of Quarter 
master's department, is taken from the books of the state quarter mas- 
ter, and authenticated by Major Claiborne." In addition to these 
amounts he refers "to the specifics collected from the adjacent counties 
for the supply of the detachments of Continental cavalry in King Wil- 
liam, the post at Cumberland Old Court House, the post at Peytensburg, 
and Armand's corps at Charlottesville and Staunton. The supply of 
these posts and detachments was unavoidable, till the Financier could 
take the business up, and was directed by your Excellency in C'ouncii. 
I have not been able to procure any return as yet of the amount of 
these supplies but as the whole business of this kind is now undertaken 
by contract on Continental account, I hope the persons hitherto 
employed, will now have sufficient leisure to adjust their accounts." 

Capt: John Pryor to Col: Davies. Junei7th 

As soon as the House at Wostham is ready, the arms at New Castle Richmond 
shall be brought up, if wagons can be procured. He gave Colo. Camp- 
bell an order for the powder at Bedford a few days before, who promised 
him, to convey it to Col: Martin as soon as he possibly can. Regrets 
^the cannon at Godwin's Landing cannot be got up" Capt: Young's 
scheme failed on account of the "tardiness of his Express," so the 
vessels returned without them. Concludes '*I fear those in Pamunky 
will b*^ hard to move, I dread even to apply for the means." 


1782. Joint Resolution, passed^ desiring the Executive to lay before the 

Jiinu17tb (rcnl: Assembly, '*a state of the Illinois Department, of the Powers 

General that have been delegated from time to time, to the civil and military 

"®"^ y officers; and an account of the *' monies, goods and military stores 

expended in that Department. 

June 18th Thomas Irwin, informing the Governor of Virginia, of his having 
Philadelphia delivered an order to Mr. Jas: Madison, for six thousand eight hundred 
and nineteen Spanish milled dollars, from Mr. O. Pollock of Xew 
Orleans, in his favor, which had been paid by Mr. Paterson to Mr. 
Pollock, at New Orleans, out of the proceeds of a cargo of his own, 
advanced on account of the demands and necessities of the State of 
Virginia &c. 

June 18th Mr. Wm. Cowan, Mr. Christ: Billups, senior magistrate, Mr. Wm. de 
Lunenburg Graffenreidt,and Mr. Saml: Strong, having been put on parole by Col: 
Co. Tarleton in July last, desires to know whether their cases are "exchange- 
able " under the late proclamation, requiring all persons under parole to 
the Eritish to report their names &c. 


Portsmouth That he is avei*se to making complaints, but that starvation stares the 
garrison in the face^ unle!>s relief is afforded. That nothing but the 
discipline kept, had ])revented a mutiny — Thinks a Seine would be of 
extreme use in furnishing fish: and the health of the men required 
spirits, a supply of which they have been long promised — From all 
accounts, he hears Bermuda is garrisoned with only two hundred men — 
A plan for its surprise had been suggested by Col: Dabney, and as there 
are no troops belonging to the ('ontinent, who more ardently desire to sig- 
nalUze themselves'' and as there were a number of inhabitants of that 
Island ''•who ivould venture their lives'* with the Legion in this enterprise, 
he trusts it will meet the approbation of the Governor, and thus show 
to the world that Virginia had not lost her spirit; that it would mark 
an "era" in the history of his administration. Gentlemen well 
acquainted with the Island think the State Ships would be sufficient 
for the purpose, and that the " Carolina " Frigate would ensure success. 

■ALEfTAB: 'F -T^n? Wri^lC:^ >4 

H 3am»-''XBre9B«»-> ? :rie-»Tr«ver?Wir. *ifr- i«vaA'r*w>MUitMi* « '.i*«wi*?i * ?^- 

••r^r-f* • •»! ne '-♦•uca ***k- ••€ ^oiv^ ;Uvv«* art ^^ui •t^n- '*>*-. •-.i «.. Vm v Uh»i 

4 1 miay. .Tt. uvp TiHTO r* .JfcjLyp. ->«.^ •>• t^iv '.i.vjteu><.*-v. .'u^j** x.j 

'Jle tlu II2-C. .•ilriucrtlUC. ^ »rT»»ii**»llL»U 'n«itl ' ' '\JAti -K'livUa^ >*.'Utv ♦i^'mU- 
T*-UH:-r* Ja,r'* -iHlir "l» 'lir iUv^wir-lip*. i« U'.iU'.*-.- tlv '\»ttt. tlai4 .i»l«Kvii^»l 

:'^.lltra«' : 'liur Av '3illll«l "illiiauilll .tit' UKl *i til. * VHv H 'J 'Ui*. Ik Ai'^ilii; 

' • a^rr-tsBT lae* ifrrav'rt j 'oiDncr t!1u*u s^ vvr^ ua* i***!!! .luuwiviUi^ u* 
P-.rrt*r. jraii!ii autl ui«fiv suitri 'j'jin ^•♦^%* Y /i*S», .vtiss 4iiiv'i»»«* <i «/ " k»u 
.i:«> *Jit*ir is&iiib»- >y :iie ^?iiL.ifUitui n 'vii»rti« !u>*vur U -^,wv iru^'* .*:«»* 
^af:'J»*t:c ■ ^nt-y .it»i£ jitf £:L>!tiilkfOi!v >; «c 'btiiii viio* '.Js- xivi/«v 

a vessel firt-m Balcimorv. ;o v^rrv huu v^wr Xv* lUo ^UxU'V^ S^^^w ^^ 
onitrnnj bv Count de R^H.'haintvaku At York. 
June 2lM. 17S:i 

Col: l>aYuvi onioixnl U^ l\inu:i(« Uu^ ^>^^^\\^ nVV 





Capt: J. Pryor infornnj Col: Davies, he should send over to the East- 
ern Shore in obedience to his orders two hundred pounds of lead, all he 
had; and requesting him to order Mr. Hay to purchase 2000 pounds 

June 22d Col: John Jones, in reply to Col: Davies, that the one fourth militia 
Brunswick called for should be furnished, but that all the arms in the County hav- 
ing been impressed by the Government, he should not be able to equip 

June 22d Petition of Wm. Braeey, a refugee from South Carolina since June 
Amherst Co. 1780, for permission to sell one of his slaves, a woman^ named *'Lilley" — 
for the support of his family &e. 

June 22d 

War Office 

Col: Davies in reply to the Governor. 

"There has never been anything expended in the Illinois Department, 
since I have been in office, nor have I received any return from Genl: 
Clark, that expresses the state of that department. I do not believe 
there are any troops of this State, now in that Country. The Corps of 
cavalry, that was formerly there, has been for some time annexed to 
Col : Dabney's Legion, and the Infantry are withdrawn to the Post at 
the Falls." 

June 22d 


*Col: John Cropper, Jnr: to the Governor. 

Enclosing the paroles of certain British Prisoners taken at Hog 
Island, and recommending to his consideration, Mr. Beny Floyd, who is 
anxious to go to New York to effect the exchange of several valuable 
citizens and sea-men, with them. 

June 28d 


Mr. Ricd: Graham to Col: Davies. 

Accepting the position of Commissioner for Collection of Specific 
Tax, for the District composed of Loudoun, Fairfax, P. AVilliam & Staf- 
ford Cos. — From the great difficulties that had attended this business in 
the past, he anticipates much trouble, but should give his utmost exer- 
tions to carry out his instructions. 

♦Very pretty private seal in wax. 



Capt : H. Yoaii«r ab4[i^ the Governor tor aknthorit v to iii:*p^)«^^ of (mblte 1T82. 
s^tores enoo^ to paj the expenj^e^ of tr^ikiLportin^!iiH>n t** iienl: Jua^SSlk 
Clarke -id Mav laM."* &e. Riebaftoo^i 

Th»>s: Napier of Fluvanna^ expressBiing to the g*>vemor. hb ic>v«t 
anxiety on aeeonnt of having heard of the at tern (>t of ^-ar. a:!««i!*<in." 
to wound his reputation "in the dark" hv an anonymous letter: and 
praying for an opportunity to vindicate himself and to detect the |H*r$ou 
who had so basely attempted to injure him. 


J. MADISON jsr: axd Thos. Bland jnr. to Gov: Harrison. 


Regretting the loss of the mail of the previous week, in as much as PbilacMphia 
they had understcKxi it containetl an intereepteil Packet intended for 
England. A private letter from Mr. Adams of the 11th ApriK had 
l»n3oght the news of the action of Holland. Zealand. Vtrei^ht &e., in 
favour of our immediate recognition ami treaty with the United States, 
and that six more provinces would concur in this move. They had been 
stimulated to this least they should lose the benefit of their commercial 
relations with the U. States by a general pacification; which would 
then bring English goo<is in comp)etition with theirV. They observe 
also, that the ordinances ot Congress against British manufactures, 
affords a favorably opportunity* to introduce those of other countries and 
that the consequent loss to Great Britian. will induceher to one immediate 
acquiescence in the freedom of America, and to a general peace. The 
illicit trade with Xew Vurk, under the encouragement of the enemy, 
and the obstruction to foreign trade had seriously impaired the public 
finances; also from the discovery of supplies of British goods imported 
under "collusive captures" concerted between vessels from N. York, 
and others fitted out on the neigboring coasts, (^ongress was then con- 
sidering a remedy for these evils. 

Col : John Crapper Jr., writes to the Governor. b\- Major Levin Joynes^ June 26th 
for arms and ammunition for the militia who could defend the county Accomack 
against the daily insults, disgraces, and plunderings of the enemy, by 
whom they are surrounded. He will be responsible for the preservation 
of the arras &c. Asks for indemnit}' for the provisions he had'f!ven his 
personal responsibility for to the people, when Major Poulson's troops 
were on that peninsular &c. 


1782. Oapt: John Prvor to Col: Daviks. 

June 27tb 

Richmond That he should send at onee the six hundred stand of arms to York, 
but 8uo;geftt8 a conductor be appointed to accompany them, as the militia 
Quarter-mastere were not to be depended upon, and they would become 
damaged on the way, not being in cases as he desired — Mr. Royal), a 
young man who had served in the field with him, and who -^possessed 
the art of living without money'' would answer well for this duty — If the 
militia were to take the field, it would be necessary to appoint '*C*on- 
ductoi*s of military Stores.'' 

June 27th {^, Warren, (Dep: Com: Genl: Prisoners) encloses, certificates (not 
So. Carolina found) of Exchange, of four Virginian Officers. 

June 28th Capt : Ragsdale desires to know whether one -'Hicks" a Scotch mer- 
chant taken at York, has permission to remain in Virginia — He lived in 
Mr. Braxton's Store at Aylett's in King VVm. Co. and now lives at New 
Castle, and generally attends King William Court. Col: Mathews 
would please let him know b}' '*a line" by Mr. Henry, left at King 
Wm. Court House or Frazer's Ferry. 

June 29th Col: Ed: Harwood, asks of Col: Davies sixty stand of arras for the 
militia of Warwick County. 

June 29th Sir John Peyton, asks for arms for the militia: they had all been sent 

Gloucester to Richmond after the surrender at York. 

June 29th Major Chas: Dick TO Col: Davies. 


Fredericks- That he had made a "tolerable" beginnings at the Factor}-: had 19 
^^ hands at work and as soon as harvest was over should get more — He 
had begun on the 800 muskets: but apprehended delay, for want of 
money — He should supply the arms to the Lieut: of the Co. of West- 
moreland, but the difficulty would be to get them to Leeds town, or to 
Mr. W^i^hington's hands. The only mode of supplying the County 
officei*s with arms, was to send a proper pei-son, who should inspect and 
receive them one by one. He adds " There was an instance of a magpye 
Ct. LieuVnt, once sent a cart for 50 musk'ts, which were delivered in good 
order, but before they got home, were somewhat damaged : I had the mortifi- 


catio7i to hear him in the Lobby damn the Factory &c'' although the fault 1782. 
was altogether his own." June 29th 

P. S. "As militia are ordered to be in readiness — if arras are called 
for, how am I to act?" 

Capt: John Peyton, in reply to Col: Davies, that it would afford him June 80th 
great pleasure to serve the State, in any way he could: and that he Albemarle 
would cheerful!}' accept the Position of Superintendent of the Quarter- 
master's Commissary and Clolbing Department at the "Point of Fork" 
provided the State would in future pay the salary "adequate to the 
trouble" of such a place — He was engaged in preparing his accounts 
for settlement with the State &c." 

List of officers, who have been paid the amount of Tobacco allowed June 
by the Gen!: Assembly — ^John Hays, Severn Teackle, Nath: Pendleton, 
Nath: Darby, John Wiiiis, Thos. Granberry * * Gilchrist, Major, 
John C!ark, Erasmus Gill, John Peyton, Robt. Woodson, Thos. Britchett, 
Tariton Woodson, Col: Towies, John Paj'ne, Chas: Sneid, Reuben 
Field, Henry Bedinger, Smith Sneed, Chas. Stockley, John Scarborough, 
Thos: Coveriy, Thos: Warnum, Thos: Parker, Thos: Martin, John 
Poneltsen, Robt: Higgins, Adj: Robertson. Geo: Mathews, Robt. Ran- 
dolph, Edwd. Smith. 


John Seth Wiils — contracts to furnish the Troops at Portsmouth, at 

ten pence per ration — 

of Bacon 14 oz: 1 gill of vinegar fresh beef IJ ibs. ) .. 

flour 1 lb. J " ^* Salt salt-beef or pork 1 lb. \ ^^^ ^^^^^'** 

Recommendations of Sheriffs, Justices, Inspectors, Coroners, and June 
Escheators for the entire month, in the several counties &c. 

The Delegates in Congress to the Gov: op Virga. (Extract) — June 

received June 6th. 

We think it proper to acquaint 3'our Excellency, that a *tre from Dr. 
Franklin to Mr. R. Morris,^ read in Congress leads to this knowledge, tho* 
not completely, it appeai-s therefore that a loan for the current year has 

*Tbis letter is without signature, and is endorsed as having been received in Vir- 
ginia on the 6th June 1782. It is evidently in the autograph of James Madison. 



1782. been granted to the United States of millions of Livres, and that 

June — a Deduction has been made, of seven hundred thousand Livres there- 
from, on account of Virginia, for stores pui^hased for that State by the 
Ministr}'' of France, whereby the State of Virginia becomes a debtor to 
the United States. This appears to us at present to be the act of the 
Ministry in France, but from what motives, or by whose instigation is 
not clear to us. When it was determined to solicit that loan, we can 
only find that Congress authorized tbe Minister of the AVar department 
of foreign affairs, and minister of finance, to ask such a supply. We 
hinted to your Excellency in our last the distressed and critical State of 
the finatices, and the measures which would probably be proposed by 
Congress in hopes of exciting the States to ail the activity and energy 
the}' are capable of in that line. We have not been mistaken in our 
conjecture, and Congress has duem'd speedj^ exertions of such con- 
sequence to the well fare of the general cause, that altho' there is but a 
' bare representation left, they have come to a resolution to dispatch two 
of their members to the Southern, and two to the eastern States charged 

with an explanation to the Executives and such of the as may 

be in possession of the true state of our finances and the causes leading 
thereto. They have also ordered an exact state of the loans, subsidies 
and moneys received, to be laid before them by the minister of Finance, 
together with an acc't of their application. Me.ssrs. Rutledge & Clymore 
are deputed to the Southern States. Mister Root & Mr. Montgomery to 
the Northward, the latter set off to morrow. 

Lettei*8 from Dr. Franklin so late as ye 30th March last, inform us 
that England is weary of ye War — that She appears to want to get out 
of it if She knew how — that she is nevertheless making useless attempts 
to w'ithdraw us from france, by secret applications to our Ministers in 
Europe, at the same time that she is playing the same game by her com- 
missionei^s here, and by secret, tho' fruitless application to the Court of 
france accompanied b}' great and advantageous offers to that Court 
which we are informed from another quarter, France has nobly rejected 
and categorically answer'd by declaring she will accept no offer, but the 
independance of the United States." 

June James Madison, Jnr., Theod. Bland, Jnr., to the Governor of Yirg'a. 

Philadelphia This day's post brought us Your Excelly's favor of the first of 

June, enclosing the Resolution of May 28th relative to the Commission- 
ers for settling the accounts of the State — As also a letter for the Chev'r 
de la Luzerne, and a copy of Resolutions of the Assembly of the 23d of 
May, relating to the transactions of Col: Harrison with that Minister, 
all of which shall be duly attended to. 


Nothing authentic has yet reached this place from the French fleet in 1782. 
the West Indies, since the action of the 12th of April, and although June — 
contradictory accounts continue to arrive daily, from various quarters 
which diminish the loss of our Ally, some of them even so far as to 
reduce it to only two ships — ^yet we. are sorry to give it as our opinion 
that there is too much reason to believe the acct. Published with Rod- 
ney's signature hears too many ma'^ks of authenticity to be doubted. 

The embarkation from New York, which we informed yr. Excellency 
in our last, was likely to take place, it is reported has actually sail'd, 
but of this we have no authentic accounts, the number of troops 
embarked is not ascertained, nor their destination. 

Nothing of moment has happened since our last. 
We are with assurances of the most perfect esteem & respect — 

Yr: Excelly's most obed*t Serv'ts." 

Governor and Council authorized by Joint Resolution to provide J"ly 1st 

Quarters, and Boats and other necessaries for the use of the French General 
Array marching through Virginia, and to issue warrants to purchase or ^ 

impress &c. 

Col: N. M. Burwell informs Col: Davies, that he has neither arms or JulyUt 
ammunition for the militia, should they be ordered to the garrison at James City 
York. '"'"''^ 

Capt : Nathan Reid to Col: Daviks. Junelst 

Complaining of the irregularities of that post in providing food and Peytonsburg 
quarters for himself and men — He has been obliged to become person- 
ally responsible for both — The District Commissioner will not issue 
provisions to his command because under the present orders the}' can- 
not be considered Continental troops until they arrive at the Genl: 
Rendezvous — Considers this unjust, and appeals for relief from the obli- 
iration under which he lays. 

Return of "Specifics'" on hand in certain Counties, viz: Albemarle July Ist 
Amelia, Augusta, Amherst, Bedford, Caroline, (^harlotte, Culpepper, 
Campbell, Fairfax, Fauquier, Fayette, Gloucester, Greensville, Halifax, 
Hampshire, Mecklenburg. Orange, Pittsylvania, Rockbridge, Spotsyl- 
vania, Stafford — aggregating, 9514i Bushels Corn — 3127 of Wheat — 
3609i Oats— 223J Rye— 5 Barley— 17539} pds: Bacon and £472. 8. 9J 
in Cash. 




July Ist 

Count Dumas, Dep: Q. M. Genl: of the French Army to the Speaker 

OF the House of Delegates. 

Informing him of the want of the French Army of Boats for cross- 
ing the Rivers, and of Quarters for their Officers &c on their proposed 
march "towards the northern part of this State": that he had applied 
to the Governor for aid, but he had replied that he had no power to 
impress for this purpose — By orders of the Count Rochambeau, he 
requests the Legislature to vest this power in some competent person, 
during the march of the French Army through Virginia. 

July 2d 

John May, J. Hete, Squire Boones and John Edward, Delegates from 
"the Kentucky" take the liberty "—of nominating such persons as they 
think fit to fill the Several Offices of the Court authorized by the Genl : 
Assembly for that District, to the Executive — viz Col : John Todd as 
district attorney, "a man of abilities and a practicing attorney " then: 
also Walker Daniel, for same office — They have conversed with Edmund 
Pendleton, hoping to get his consent to become Judge of their court. 
He is too well known to the Executive to require any thing more from 
them — For assistant Judge they recommend Col: John Floyd, Col: Wm 
Pope, Col: Stephen Trigg, and two others about to remove thither Col: 
Levin Powell and Col: James Garrett. Any of these will make good 
Assistant Judges. Cols. Floyd, Pope & Trigg are the militia officers and 
the latter one of the Commissioners for adjusting & settling the claims 
to Land in the said District — 

July 2d 

Office of 

Robert Morris to Gov : Harrison. 


I have been honoured with your Letter dated in the Council cham- 
ber of Virginia the 22d of last month, expressing your approbation of 
Mr. Turner as the Commissioner for settling the accounts of your State 
with the Continent. It gives me Pleasure to be informed that this 
appointment is agreeable to you. I hope its object will be corapleated, 
so as to justify your appi-obation, and give satisfaction to all who wish 
to promote the Interests of the United States. Mr. Turner will soon 
be sent on to Virginia, when I presume he will be enabled to proceed to 
Business without delay. 

I have the Honor to be, with great Respect 

Sir, your Excellency's most obedient 
& most humble Servant." 


Tho8. Bland Jnr., J. Madison Jnr. & A. Lee, to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

"Sir ^-'y^ 

We had the honor of receiving your Excellency's favor of the 22d Philadelphia 
ultimo, by yesterday's mail. 

All the late intelligence from Europe which has not been already 
communicated, is contained in the gazettes herewith enclosed. 

From the West Indies we have received no certain advices of late 
date: nor even yet any official advice of the event of the 12th of April. 
At New York, the Enemy we are told, are industrious in disciplining 
their Army, and substituting economical ari*angements in place of the 
expensive abuses which have prevailed there. 

We have the honor to be, with the highest esteem 
& respect, Yr. Excellency's obedient & most 
humble Servants." 

Isaac Younghusband, Justice of the Peace, certifies to his having July 3d 
administered the "Oaths of Fidelity" and 'of Office" to the Hon: Henrico Co. 
John Banister Esq. as a member of the "Privy Council, or Council of 

Capt: Wm. Brown, State Legion, to Col: Da vies. July 3d 


Yesterday I Received a Letter from you for Col : Dabney, with Porumouth 
Orders from His Excellency to cross the Legion over to Hampton, 
which will be done as soon as its possible. The Troops are in want of 
almost every necessary so that it will take some time to get things in 
order. Majr. Dicks is very sick and confined to his Bed. I am in hopes 
Col. Dabney will join soon and relieve our Several wants." 

Col: George Skillern to Col: Da vies. juiy 4th 

Giving reasons why he finds it impossible to execute the new law for Botetourt 
drafting men — The people violently opposed to it, and the money for ^^• 
paying the bounties of the recruits cannot be collected — The militia 
who "prematurely returned from N. Carolina in 1781" have been tried 
b}' Court Martial — The Orders in regard to collecting and forwarding 
all British prisoners of War in the County, he has endeavoured to exe- 
cute, but as fast as they are collected they escape: the inhabitants aid- 
ing them in this. A few have consented to go to Winchester if fur- 
nished with papers. He recommends the Militia of the County be 




July 4th 

July 5th 

** Redstone 
Old Fort" 

formed into two Battalions, for the better convenience of assembling, 
and as depriving them of the excuse of distance from the place of meet- 
ing, now so general, many having to travel more than fifty miles for this 

Capt: Martin Carney to C-olo. Wm. Da vies. 

About the 16th of June he rec'd his of the 2d May giving account of 
the '* dangerous situation that the Kentucky Country was in,*' by the 
incursions of the Enemy, but he could not have made more haste than 
he did, had his own life been at stake. The Guard promised him by 
Col: Joseph Nevill of Hampshire Co. to go down the river, never came 
nor has he heard one word from him Since. Since his arrival at Red- 
stone Fort he has been employed in drying and repacking the Stores 
damaged by the bad conduct of the Waggoners, in his absence. Major 
John Harden has built a flat bottomed Boat in which to proceed down 
the river, but neither Major AValls or Lieut. Clarke or himself have a 
penny of money, a pound of provisions, or a man to "pull an oar;" and 
it will be impossible to move until the water rises. He will leave for the 
Falls of Ohio at the earliest opportunity, but cannot risk the stores 
without further orders, having now to keep constant guard over them 
in person. Hopes assistance will soon be sent him. The Credit of the 
State worth nothing in that Count}'-, and but for Col: Hardins' furnish- 
ing him with provisions, he could not have subsisted. He had sent to 
Pittsburg to Genl : Irwin for assistance, but Col: Wall just from that 
place failed to get the aid needed to forward the articles down the 

July 5th 
War Office 

CoL: Da VIES TO THE Governor. 

Urging the absolute necessity of procuring iron and steel, sweet oil 
and files, the armorors having for sometime been idle for want of those 
** essential articles." The "nailers" also in want of ** nail-rod," and Mr. 
Anderson "is exceedingly uneasy at not being able to be of use, either 
to the public or himself in his department." 

July 5th 

Edward Stevens to Gov: Harrison. 


Culpeper Co. Four days ago I was honoured with yours of the 25th June Invit- 

ing me to take the command of ye liarrisou at York. I am very sorry 
that at present I am so circumstanced as to render it out of my power 
to do it sooner than the 25th of this month — If my services then would 
be useful to my Country they will be at your command, tho' I confess I 


have a much greater aversion to Garrison Duty than the Field. The 1782. 
want of a conveyance prevented me tVom-answering }ou sooner. Per- July 6th 
mit me now Sir, to acknowledge the liigh sense In w'cli I view the 
polite manner in which you have done me so much Honour. And to 
assure you I am with ever}^ sentiment of esteem and respect, Sir, 

Your most obed't & very hum : Servt." 

Col: Wm. Preston to Gov: Harrison. July 6th 


Your Excellency's Letter of the 15th of June came to hand the Montgomery 
2lHt of that month — I immediately wrote to the Field Officers of Wash- ^^' 
ington and Montgomery to meet mo at Montgomery Co. House about 
forty miles from my house on the 2nd Day of July — The}' met accord- 
ingly and proceeded to the business recommended by youv Excellency 
a cop3' of which I have enclosed. 

The same Day I issued orders to the officers in this County to raise 
100 men under active officers, with the greatest expedition for the relief 
of the distressed Inhabitants, and at the same time appointed a Person to 
receive the Specific Tux if any should be brought in &c. Coll: Camp- 
bell returned to Washington without Loss of time to take the same 
steps there for the Defence of that Frontier. 

My declining to undertake the directions of the men to be drawn 
from Washington did not proceed from any other cause than the great 
Distance from my House, which is within a mile or two of the Lino of 
Botetourt, to the parts where those men are to do dut}^ which rendered 
it impracticable for me to superintend them to any Purpose, so that the 
Service must have suffered — Colo. Daniel Smith, a very worthy officer 
who lives on Clinch will be a very proper Person, under Colo. Camp- 
bell's direction, to have the care of these Troops and there are two 
Field Officei's belonging to this County that live at no great distance 
from where our militia are to range, whom I have directed to take a 
])articular charge of them. This will not bo attended with any expense, 
and the oflScers will correspond and Co-operate with each other: there- 
fore a divided command in this situation & while we act on the defen- 
sive will not 1 hope, be a Prejudice to the service. 

Signs of the Enemy are frequently seen in different parts by our 
Scouts, but there have been no Damage done, since about the middle of 
June, when two men were killed and three made prisoners in this 

Your Excellency may be assured that nothing in my Power shall be 
wanting for the defence of the Inhabitants, and in so doing the strictest 
regard shall be paid to economy. 

I am your Excellency's most obedient humble Servant." 


1782. •* At a meeting of the Field Officers of the Militia of Montgomery and 

July 6th Washington Counties, in conformity to instructions received from his 
Excellency the Governor &c to concert and settle some proper Plan for 
the Defence of both ( -on n ties. 

Present — 

Wm. Preston 
Walter Crockett 
Joseph (Moyd, 
Daniel Trigg 
John Taylor 
Abraham Trigg J 

Field officers for Montgomery count>'. 

Arthur (/ampbell 

William Edmonston i ri- i i /« ^ Air u* * /^ 
. ^ T >riel J officers for Washington County. 

Aaron Lie wis ( & j 

James Dysart J 

Major Patrick Lockhart, District Commissioner. 

It is the unanimous opinion of the Board of officers that the 200 men. 
permitted to be drawn out by his Excellency the Governor for the 
defence of the Frontier, be disposed of, into the following Districts, viz — 
On New River, in the neighborhood of Capt: Paris, 30 men — Sugar 
Run 20— Capt: Moores', head of Blue Stone 25— Head of Clinch, 25 
men — 

In Washington, at Richland 20— Castle Woods 30— Rye Cove 20— 
Powell's Valley 30 men. The Extent of the different Districts — From 
Capt: Paris's to Sugar run 10 miles — to Capt Morris' Head of Blue 
Stone 30 — to Capt: Maxwell's head of Clinch 16 miles, which is nearest 
tSe Washington Line. To Richland's 24— to Castle Woods 30— to Rye 
Cove 28— to Powell's Valley Fort 26 miles,— in all 164 miles— 

AVe find the greatetst difficulty in making any Provision for the sup- 
port of those men while on Duty, as their is no Specific Tax brought 
into the Places appointed for that purpose in either of the Counties. 
The officers have therefore recommended it to Major Lockhart the Dis- 
trict (Commissioner to purchase 200 Bushels of Corn in Montgomery 
County at the most convenient Places to where the Militia are to do 
duty, at three shillings per Bushell, being the current Price, and an 
equal quantity in the County of Washington, lor the use of the Troops 
&c., which we are convinced will be a great saving to the State, as the 
transporting of grain from Botetourt, where there is some belonging to 
the Public, on hand, to the several districts where the militia are to do 
Duty will be attended with xavy great expence, the distance being from 
sixt}' to one hundred and sixty miles <&c — 

As objections have been made to that part of the (Governors instruc- 
tions ordering the direction of the Militia of Both Counties while on 
Duty, under that of the County Lieut: of Montgomery who lives upwards 

'liXE. 1 ;MRT 'MnNi "WlVf amcfr ltl«- wf*^«nfMHlii». "<. ««*4K.:k.. ^Mikl^.K !«. 

■^ jT^mc t* - mil' I mi mii— 1 1 • t* '*^'w••>*rw. » j,^ ^ ■>^»*%,%^ ^v 

r- •^"•wi;»«BP> 'met. t .;» vtv^M^HtuL'** % %-. -i- ^ai**»j**» «-*'vr» 
>rvrf^-* v IT mer .hmsm^ v^^Siiuc^ ;ai*ttfit^ «-. ^:- t^ **» k«^^»WVn^i)^ 

1^ <'%s*«c^ 



men «uk»J K*ni hji> Wvii ti^toi. J^ \^ 1 ^i^-M^Sl ^W ^ \sh>*,>^^^>^> v ^> ^ls^•*\^^ 
jir^ Dehkier PbWic H«r«*!v Riujs J^*- i*> ojim ^^^>i ^^^> ^ v\>m n^N >m^v\ 
GmiD thai cah be CMilo<i<>i. *)»«1 »wi A iil^i\\> H^xvv Kv>s >^\^^v^^^^l^ 
averse to Imprweanir irbon Trvvipji omi^ o^ht^v^«^^ Iv >i^)^\)^^s| \ K^\>\ 
however pat copies of bis Kxc^Jof^cx s iho t>>N\vu>*\v"> NN^^^^m^^^ \m>\ ^|\v 
hands of I wo Prudont lVflfi<*ers wuh dmvuoni* >^o| ^\ mmn ^h^^^^ >u^K^>»* ^\\ 
absolute noc*essitv. ik eron !ho« with tho gl^^^u^ft| ^^^MM^m >«^n Hh U\>| ^> 
distress individuals. 

Active j>opular officers are appointed to oommi^nd lluv mihUH \\\ \\\\ 
called out, with orders to en^^ the men, it' |^ivwi|hlt\ to mM\>> \\\\\W 
there is occasion, without draft tnf( or hiin^in^ ww^w iVom \\\\\\\\ \\\\\\\\u\^, 
which last is always attended with nn ononnoiiH iU|UMh't« »l Imo \)\\ 
qucntly with disorderly Behaviour on the nmndr' ♦ ♦ 

*^I hope I shall stand oxeuMod hy hiii bUi*ii||iMii'> ihu (j^VDnMi) hii mmI 
accepting the Suporintendency of thn itilMtiH to hu rHlm'il IM WonlilM^ 
ton: the distance being m groiit and thct nut urn nf nuy tMu^wn umi h llml 



^ul^ ^iUi v^ie^mi^ tl^eM* ijrvxitU?j> would Lur^^ U*e& iruKtjmUicL It iM9ti»er proae(Mk?d 
irg»i<i I>MA»U)dk»ii«j«f iKiir llttf trMuW aattaudisig it. ic ll»e rUi»er as I haTe 

«o Wu|^ ex:fM^k«>ot>d tW Ijater liiM it Lm^ b&eaj ikmilmr iio me. 

fkiMiAtuK xmA Aimit^ij tjk tni*fj wjtL tli« i>tic«f»»iarr fiH3}if#lk»§, ^^o&f^uontlv be has 
l^kitm *AAlf^ to fufif/fiirii tlieoa, iLat tL^ niaj Mipfjort ihemf^lveA bi* 
Uth^MK Bej^ ^>r rdkl' /or Liitt«e]f a*^ tlie expense of living at a Tavem 
wiik^jui the ittHh^i *j/lf h\% rati Of j« i^ m<#re iLau tbe fioasoes of a Conti- 
o<eiitai </ift<'>er eao «tan<i. 

i«ly tU) CViL: W. ItciA.vE nt 0>L- Wm- Da vies. 

f&*4«x <>>, I f<^'d a few <iay» ago your letter of tbe 2H^tb June^ directing one 

%i%iU of our militia arrrrd and aocoutre^J. to niarc-b imniediatelj under 
tbe ei#ffiiiiand of proper officer» w'th necew«ar\- provif^ionf^ to York Town: 
in eouM^^uenee of tbit^ order I bave directed k> many of tbe militia as 
will make up tbe nunil>er witbin a few da3't< to meet in readiness to 
i'Ann\Ay witb your retf|uei!it. I cannot bowever but tbink bis Excellency 
tbe (iifVitruor and Couneil wben tbis order was made omitted to attend 
to tbif jM^ruliar nituation and circumstances of our (*ountry. I there- 
fore request y^Mir fnv*r U> make particular apiplication to tbat Ilon'ble 
lUmtul in our bebalf Home considerable time before tbe surrender of 
tbe Hritisb Army at York, a very great part of <iur militia, was in obc- 
dieuce Us the ord'rs of (fovcnimeiit on actual duty and all tbe Arms, as 
well us tbose tbat belonged Ui the County, as if private persons were 
carried witb tbem, and bave been never returifd. So tbat at tbis time 
I do not su|i|Myse we bave a sc(»re of good muskets proper for duty 
witbin our (*ounty. Tbe iloirble Board most certainly too must be 
well acquainted w'tb tbe situation of tbe County, but least some of tbe 
members may not, I beg leave to say tbat tbe River Rappa. is for 
upwai'tis of twenty miles our EaHtern Boundary, and affords sueb depth 
of water, tbat the largest ships frequently pass, and have taken in their 
loads, besides this there are two sets of ])ublic warehouses immediately^ 
lying on the Banks of the river, in w*h there is always considerable 
quanlitys of Tob'o belonging to the Public, as well as to many private 
individuals. The great number of Familys living very near the River 
Bank lor this distance up the river, without any means of defence 
against the ('ruel and Rapacious Enemy, I should suppose merits par- 
ticular attention, it must be remomber'd that several attempts have 

.nrvp 'fCTiJc ':ii£0a [>n9%Mt«ti'T»- tw - uw >uniie«A '^ua^ioiu* •» »'M.k ia^jIu*- u*v >Vi» 
low -'OifcUi I a t'f.jui iliver ^vtjuk !?> itic Ilouux oi mu ,:Ut> ilous'i* **i%.>^v\v 

I Mr 

w:Iiiob«t Tae iii}us«{^v•l very fbia^ • uv> ruuw a*»iu<s^»X uovi ivuov> Uw 
ae -sum laie. .uf> \v« iimo: very tr^uviuiv - uu4t 'iii^v m'm xfiuiuil ^ !i^l^ 

iirmi*a m ritti v r'ew ^jhhI 'll^^kt«^l^i^ vNct ruiU iir^vit 'ituL '»ui' !Vi;i)U;:k; 

-fioaid iwrtbrm iuLV "t»tii>iatuU> *W»*i» • hm IVuvi* a Ui>L»l>t^ lit'^w c *iw 

.»wi*r CJii »I 'tie ♦ 'ouoty -v «*u -^ill k; ru«Mv ■ iiuii A(Ui>;wcut o ' iK iui^s 

wimrrti :rT>Qi .hw !ie»sc*ti.HjrtU8t * -luuors, ;u >«u*v:. Td^vu. V^ ^ .v.i< 'H 

L» tikr -rf-fftiniiieftaatiutR*- ■»!' «kUi* « *ouk-s \^UicU '>v |»lvite^vl is> >^*Uvl ^v 

linn-?- t 11 Ibatti* Smitfa F^s^r., in Ukhiu ♦! Couuu. V'<»1 lUiux. i.»H.>Kiuci v\ 

'^•riu«m > ')y rim 'jr^w n '.iivj Voj>{s*;l <ii w cb 0>1 Jv^hu VVv^^ \v»v^ uuv i 
•irTr»Mi. imi *»i tiikii 'iu|ii>*4lioii^. The v/rt^uiai Lvatvi" I nuiiiwliuu l^V ^out 
z*i Xr. >fnjLii «!; Col ^itacskihiK v^ wiviv tv ibviu u^ luvci »"v ^41. lii^t K*^."»\ \ 
Coart: t>j taJtvi prvper sl*?p8. l\^ vX^> uboy ^Htnuiwtx, but Mr. >viuiibh bv^u^ 
ap uh^ 0?ajicry prv^vutc*! our luvvliu^ bovvvwi ii"» k b24\vv^U'^^^ vvv'Vi\oi< 
%n ;knd>wer trvm him. I t'ullv c\|kvI wrv xhoivK ^V uu^^y bv iti v»uv ^'v'\\vv 
t»> jvrweetl th^Tv^id. jiltbv*' Ko uu^nlk^Mx iu b^ tv^Us^V ^b^^ \\ V'm^V \bViS 
ham Oatt;in <fc his l^r^^s vivw v^h lb\^ ^.V^U^vu ^.Sb\vv\\^ v»V^3t^k\V W W 
exaniineil as witiuHi^st^s in tbo \H-vH**iv^M vV U vviU mv^V W \\\{\\\\\ \k\\\' l»\»\\s^V 

to do that i^rt " — 

* * ♦ ■ ♦ 4 i 4 ^ 

"Should His KxrolTv ^'k i'ouhvll tbiiiK jMujuvi \s\ \\\'\\\\\' \\ \\\\\ \\\\\\n \y> 
for us agivublo to my )HM|iioMt, lbi\v iuh.v Im» H^nM^'l^( (hu( llu» HnMilviol 
eare shall bo takoii otr tlioin A In tliu lui^ii nl hiImmI IllVMnMiM lIlHl IMM 
militia will at all liniON tnoHt rtudlily fly in ||im iinAJoluin^M \\\ \\\\i\\ 
Brother Citizi^ns. 

I iMM, Hti\ wilb Mm(i|m^».^ 

\nin' mnnl mIo^^I'I Hkjv |.' 



1782. J. Madison Jnr: and A. Lee to the Governor of Ya. 

July 9th 
Philadelphia His Excellency's enclosure of the 29th June, covering a letter to Mr. 

Irwin and Bill of Exchange in his favor from Mr. O. Pollock received 

this morning. 

The want of news renders their letter uninteresting, and accounts 

from the West Indies are very indefinite. A report exists, that the 

Fleets of the French & Spaniai*ds have left His pantola, the former to 

convey the Trade towards Europe, the latter to Havannah. 

July 9th Receipt of Ch: Simms, for a Privateer's Commission for Capt Richd. 
Conway, with promise to execute proper Bond. 

July 9tb 

BiRKETT Davenport to Col: Davies. 

Culpeper Co. Sending return of Specific tax collected in his District. He has 
ordered the wheat to bo *• manufactured," the Rye to be exchanged for 
Whisk}'', and 3000 pounds bacon to be delivei^ed to Mr. Dick for the use 
of the Factory, and as much fiour as he wants. The corn and oats he 
will sell for cash in Tobacco, *'as the cxpencc of hawling them to 
Fred'g " is more than their value." &c. 

July 9tb 

Maj: Pat: Logkuart to Col: Davies. 

Botetourt In regard to the collecting the Specific tax in his District. There are 
none on hand in Montgomery, Washington or Greenbrier; no beeves, 
clothing, wagon or team yet furnitthed in Washington Co. Receipts for 
what has been collected in Montgomery and Greenbrier enclosed. 

The cattle in the counties where the militia to do duty are to be used 
by them. He has followed the suggestions of the Board of OflScers, 
prefering to buy, rather than to impress, dl* transport corn at great 
expence from Botetourt to Washington Co. He has sold some damaged 
flour for cash in hemp. Will collect all the State horses and use them 
in transporting provisions to the Stations until further orders on the 
subject &c. 

July 10th Bridgar Haynie informs Col: Davies, the twenty hhds: of Rum 
Northum- impressed last September from the French Brig that went ashore at 
borland Co. gn^i^jj»Q Point, and hauld twenty miles to his store house is still there. 
He requests instructions as to disposing of it. 


Col: Abthur Campbell to Col: Wm. Baviks. 1782. 

-Sir July lOih 

Before this reaches you, no doubt you will have received from Col: Washington 
Preston, the result of the Council of oflficers directed to be held by the 
Executive, to which I beg leave to refer. 

There has been no disturbance in this County for several weeks past, 
from the Northward Indians. It is conjectured Col: Crawfoi'd's move- 
ment over the Ohio may have drawn their attention. They effects his 
disaster may produce, it is to be feared they frontiers will feel this 
summer yet. 

Our small settlement in Powell's Valley has been much harrassed by 
small parties of the Cherokees from the Chickamogga Towns. They 
not long since killed two men, and has most ruined the inhabitants by 
destroying or carrying off their stock. Capt: Samuel Newell an active 
young oflficer that lives there, has had the good fortune to overtake two 
of their parties, one about forty miles below the Cuttawa, or Cun^ber- 
land Gap, fired on the Indians in Camp, wounded some and retook every 
thing. The other party was overtaken when asleep, one killed and 
another wounded, they rascals had to make the best of their way 
home naked. I undei'stand that these Indians (are) with some rene- 
gade Tories, ruined Indian Traders may most j)robably be deemed a 
selection of Thieves at Chickamogga, than a national enemy. The 
chiefs of the nation protesting against their measures and wishes we 
may cut them off. 

A matter, something disgraceful, happened lately between us and 
that nation. Two friendly young Indian men was coming up the II ol- 
stein with a canoe loaded with peltry for Colo. Martin, was killed pri- 
vately near the Long Island by two villians, who in attempting to 
make sale of the skins, was detected and they goods reclaimed, but the 
inhabitants would not suffer the criminals to be brought to justice, 
alledging against the nation in general the late depredations on the 
frontiei-s. Colo. Martin sent an express to the Towns giving an account 
of the accident. The (-hiefs returned for answer that they believed his 
relation of the matter, and were willing to hold us by the hand as 
Brothel's yet. I hope this matter will end here, altho' the promises of 
Chiefs has little influence with the relations of the murdered, among 
Indians, if an opportunity offers to take private revenge. 

This outrage was committed by two citizens of N. Carolina. Their 
Government is so badly organized, so feebly administered, or perhaps 
from the local situation of that part of the State, that there is no bring- 
ing culprits to justice. Besides, I observe a jealousy of Virginia in 
assuming the whole agency with the Indians and a monopol}' of the 
Trade. Perhaps this is such a national concern that it may be best 
accommodated by Regulations of Congress. For I doubt whether 
Carolina would be competent to the task were it relinquished in their 

i<^^ ' uii *w»i'^ i( u»c^f tun' tit* GlJllfi^ (5tfu«f«C' hmiDi tk\- jmlm' %ujt^ 

4^ U . • 4 V» 

u^ 4vvr «iiii« ii tu* A'V«9^ o* tu« ]ltdiaul^ jutfi «r2: .^Hh tin «BciDi«^ 
«.iii ij>d;*n^ 4uiivu|ii»! tu* ]iKiMiai^.at UiiiKlit-iipittnfr: jiifc. ^iit- GoamtT aitb- 

yt U>» <;vUAi4ii«>»>*^iM>4> lj4 Mf#|^iftU?«J t4««fy fudiiiUh lutrr i#eflniied and kfspi 

J ttfti ^'tr. witi fnuci BRUftmi 

-I- our niutn CH#edieiJi SBrrmnt.^ 
/< /V Ar ^J'^1 yiA:nWu I'^sxMiAit lin* difv*liwj id tin- MiTiliii tm iHrtx is 
iJ^ir / '^>ui*i.^ ^ vi'iHi* w #M<;«iv*r v*xU>rii t*jc.^r«Hmj^1il»e will iif iSh- KsoentiTe 

y iyi^ ^//ii^i / V^^ M y^/<M^^^Ay/^|/^4Mo*f f/ ij/^ '# w*rf></r, fluU n* ret lit* lia$ reeeived 

^^.^,;i;. i i; vt./^ ^Ivv //^ Mm ' J^/Mm h^p^r'^^ ilmi ^*frf *^ij|>l'n'e4 ant Wanriek" not- 

Vtf^^fr^iffftHf^^^ hitf npUfit iimi Um> »ti//ijM ^m> forthwith delivered to him 

//> ^'f^\f^ 'HifflhUf* ^ imihhfLr (4 |/«'//|J<i httve in their pfjmeifsion horses, 

h^^ttfh'^i wMl^ Mm- HOM*^ l^rMiHl." uw\ ret'um to give them up, although 

^fl^^ 1^1 w; IM/ ^»^rliMr^(«<a hf nhow hy what fiieufm they ae<|uired them. 

|ilb lllli Win IImA 1 < 'hmi H|J(»«M( l'iU|iu»ttlH nf Uio (iovtirnor permission to 8cH a 
Hi* |ili)")i*) i|l(iH)(l|.v i(r,iitM'i|Mgo mimI romly iiumIo HuiIh on hand, iu order, in '^his 
|irMti\ihl iMHlrunti t'nr mmmio.v," (o moHU« hohtH of his Dopartment. 

>\\\\\ \4il\ J Hv»M*iWT>iON h^ Tot. lUviKS, 

\\\\\\ \\\v\y WW v^k^^^v '^^^ UvW\^ Uk KU vlUlHvU a lari^» qiiaiUity of flour 
"i\\\A l^A^^ im-^UsvU k^l' w Uv^*^^ ' k^U iM ^ I^hKii^i^ «.4 itt^m^Y. He has not 
v^WV^ uu»us\\ U^ |^\ bi^ vm^vui sv\jKvu^vv%^uvt kbdvvil has aehar^ a^inst 
VUv^ ^uVv v^i U\v^ ^^V^UkU. \i ^U ihv l^x^m'^J* A»v iu tbits^ coii<lttk>& -*the 
vu^V \\v^^ t^v vK^tjMMHV^^ Uv^ >«^U1 vr\^««H liW b^vcr a( i^^io Fotac to 
.Ut V iV.\ V\». vv*^Uuu»u^ bK\cllk,M*(.HanJ wiii it»'^v*ttjrtller:K*e<Miiit$. Has 
Viv>iiV»vHl ^ \vvw»v^ >^i» kVivi'nbuJtx W Uikv dkmr t-o the Oolietyp* LAfttliit^. as 
\\, \r% uv.a .'tiiii*? lo vv^turv ivuuii w Xv^tk by water litij^ w^^nm will 
wv4itU.>|H)^b UiV' ^vvk4Uoa.v trv4M Uw tuiuaiiiic ^ t«ho v>iirncAMi aft Ymrk. 

n V nWTfDAK OF ^AFB P^-\PHifi^^ il^ 

Un^nii rciiei for fhi* ▼unta- • *i* liii^mM^fits^— uii«i UAifi^ • v^itii vtiuvtrii — hktuiiiUJu 
that uni«:tM rbej' lurr >«ppt«Hi ▼rtk laifnuy. aud iti^ro i*«j^ujm*t\ rui-iii:>a^a 
with prr>vi9k»f»>. iiie^t'an iioc auiiLLiutUL ^:(>•£«^tiI«:r - (ti£fciiy •uouiut>.ioit^%»4* - 
That oumlier^ bavc iiixeaiiT icsttrreii »& rhx&- :u:v(»uiH. ' iiaii ii%.* haa K.^i4 
obli^fefi to U>imw :k ^msdi -(iiajititT >>t' riour :uni <)t«k:*>(u ^uui ^iioiitu n; 
foreeti '"to -mizi^ proTHHOim- rrr%n& ?u^ iiaamttbaiis vtKii uii:?^ \vaek 
exhaitHtutL uniet^t*^ ]in EL>o«»rt»«4R irtHua :iiR>rH liuiia >u^{^u«iv— lii: li«te^ 
bcea informtiti iir <ft3fii: .SsLvr^It^tte, ^ho '^tuindUKit^ti at Y«>i*k, liuu luc 
Count lie RoehaintHfiaa •iesHn'xi iiis^ * Lesituu ' Ui rvmakiu lU u* iiv«u* 
HamptDn. bentre bi^ iiati iiafeitf«i ;kt rimt {tiiiiL*^) — Th^s <::iV2urv ii«jya iivii 
cro«He«i •ivttr lo the Ba»4.em '^oru. ihi^»*»usM4 th\3 KitjuvU ii4Mi 'to vv.>;5*:l» 
that wouhl iiniHrftr ro rraiisffj*»iT Lua-Mift — tlu viuciij;s><;!s liiM ioii<>v%iii^ 
anonyTDOiiM^ letter pickini up in rhe <^iuutui>> ot 'U«t <>jiuiUiUKiiti^^ >4lk'<i* 
a tew 'iajH Ms^. whirh •txpiTs^*H»' nhe cefiipt^r Jt' the tutjii Jiic — 


-*W** ai*** ni»w iiniier thu •iisactMttbiu ?iew>sJly n^ intbi'tu 
yoa of what w** would aot winh ti» bavti in *Hir [M^w^jr. ibvj »i<w«>84iU*ii;«v 
of Life aJlowwl to lUf 'ly nhe Stui^ we 'io fioc Kl*o.»4v\}. i^id bac*. I'Vviucvvi 
U8 ani*apei to pert«»rm -lur iuty wbiirb ib- 'i.^^iftjjjiiivtj, uzui ^mr v;liHbi)i^ 
k pay retaint!<i trom ni¥ 4 no 4acii^dii.-tii>n will a p%M;r :>ol4ii%^r rvvvixv b\ .^ 
complaint but -^trfpe?^. io -jhiwkinu: t«> bebol«l a L>.*5|C^o« *A' ukt** %bi> bi^ 
pmved them^WiLv :sf -jolfiier^. « » « nk^'d 'k'twisJ^cti b^iJl >t;uyv\i» u<^ 
likelihoixi of reiieiriniC the Liia:*t -iaGi^^iiictit-^ii bL»r tUcii* sv^vivv\ ^U ^h< 
tfreatet*t ^ieverity olficer*- '.-an intiicc *>a them «!k spv»rt5t ibctJi.><i\v<v UK'^V 
wiih. We beliifV** then^ ♦*i)a<l hat tew tijf>taMcvs of tbv k'V»A '.H,' l^v 
<luee<J to :*iipp«>rt an army. Many «.»f us haw tK'^^ ir\»*v ^»4jlv vs>i*.^*^iN 
which we in tj^neral •i>n«lemn thetr ba::<e v'\>u«iuvt but tjv^ nI,;^!*^^ vo Ivi*^ 
* * * *til they have bven punisbe^j it* iiititUKtatc v^bckx^ b^^^ vw i^iv 
afriad if two thinis weiv pot U* IVath the ree^t \v\Hdvl ih^I kvau^iu. \\ 
would \h: cTymmenilable to put the entire to IV^th auvl Uv^t U^ (^U^v^^ 
them tor want of f<»l clothing and their (h\\\ tho uM^lduu^^HK \\i>it^ 
for an engagement to |K-rnsh at oniv. We wish i>urt\muuy tv^ K^ 
victorious, and wou'd perrish to a mau in sup|uMi tho)\Hvf \{ s\\\>\\\\\ 
wou'd take place, but Gentlemen our i^tiemv aiv wuritHl uud pi\»\ ivlv^^l 
our grievances are not redresse*!, aiv ivsolutelv dotoruunod lo do \^m- 
selves justice very quickly.'* 

Signed V. S. I.. 




July 18th 


Phillip Montague (Coraraanding officer &c.) to the Governor. 

That having received two orders from the Commissioner of War "to 
hold in perfect readiness one fouth of the Militia*' and "one sixth 
properly accoutred and officered, to march to Yorktown," he takes the 
liberty to inform his Excellency of the peculiar situation of that County, 
and he believes that instead of drawing men from them, assistance 
should be sent to defend the county against the barges and Privateers 
of the enemy, and from "the ravages of a plundering set, whose cruel- 
ties no man can judge of who has not felt them." He begs that two 
Posts be established; one at "Pine Top" at the end of the Peninsular 
towards the Ches: Bay, the othef at Urbanna, which alone could give 
security to the people. Gives an instance of a Privateer schooner and 
tw^o barges, that had been for several days, in and about the mouths of 
the Rappahannock and Pianakitank Rivei^s, capturing by water, and 
landing, and robbing the inhabitants "of their all." He adds, that 
during the past year when the army was in that neighborhood, fifl}' or 
sixty guns were impressed from the inhabitants, thus depriving them of 
the means of defence, and begs the county may be supplied with public 
arms in place ot those as soon as convenient. 

July 13th 


Wm. Reynolds writes to the Governor. 

That he had arrested and confined a Mr. Tyler, who had been at that 
place with the British at the surrender; had appeared there siiddenl^' 
and had been seen inspecting the "works." Is said to be a man of 
"suspicious character" &c. Asks for a copy of the act of Assembly in 
relation to apprehending British prisoners, as he has cause to believe 
there are many of these in York &c. 

July 13th Capt H. Young asks Col: Davies consent, that Mr. Britton Ford of 
Richmond Buckingham Co. be allowed Corn at ten shillings pr: barrel^ to be ^^dis- 
counted out of his account,'' for work done by bim at the Point of Fork, 
the Commissioner of that County having in vain tried to sell this corn. 

July 18th 

Capt: John Pryor to Col: Davies. 

Asking permission to issue to the men at the Laboratorj', (who had 
been petitioning torspints during the hot weather,) a "10-gallon keg," 
he had drawn for "composition," and enclosing the following note on 
the subject from Mr. ^ynolds: 



"Three of your Laby : Soldiers has been entirely engaged in cast- 
ing and trimming musket ball & Buck shott, this weak, which they 
finished: and acted honestly. As I find by at first, weighing the lead, 
& now the ball & shott — 735 lbs bar lead produces 671 lbs of ball & 
shott, and 63 lbs drop — they apply for a small quantity of spirits" &c. 



July 18th 

W. Lyne, Co: Lieutenant, endorses on Col: Daviea Order of the 11th 
April for the assembling of a Court Martial lor the trial of Col: Wra. 
Griflfin, that on the day appointed, only ten members had met; another 
day the 22d Maj', was set, but only eleven having attended; no further 
steps had been taken. 

Ju1> 13th 

King & 
Queen Co. 

Capt: H. Young requests Col : Davies to grant the Field Commissaries, 
the power to demand of the County Commissioners, transportation for the 
forage to the army. 

July 16th 

Peter Williams, Escheator for the County, to the Executive. July I6th 

Requesting the appointment of some one else in place of Mr. Wm. Prince 
Call acting with him in superintending the sale of Escheated property. ^^^''5® ^• 
This gentleman is a resident of Mecklenburg County, and the friends 
of those whose estates are forfeited, contend, that the sales are vitiated 
by reason of the absence of Mr. Call. 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Executive. 

July 16th 

Requesting the order for a Court-martial to try Col: GriflSn of King WarOflBce 
& Queen Co., be revoked, in as much as the charges against that officer 
were groundless. 

Theo. Bland, Jnr., and A. Lee, to the Governor op Va. 

July 16th 


We had the honor of receiving your Excellency*s Letter of the 6th Philadelphia 
together with one of the same date from the Clerk of the Council 
enclosing the Resolutions^ of the Assembly on the supplies requested 
from his most Christian Majesty. 

The Resolutions we immediately transmitted to the Minister of 



1782. We shall inform your Excellency, from time to time of the proceed- 

July 16th ings of the several Legislatures touching the seizure of hritish goods. 
That of N. Jersey has lately passed an act for this purpose. 

It gives us very great pleasure to bo informed that an effective Law 
is at length pass'd, not only for the good of the service, but because, 
tho* many of the States are equally deficient without equal in^ason, yet 
the whole odium is centered upon Virginia. 

We have informed the Delegates of South Carolina of what 3^our 
Excellency mentions. Those of N. Carolina are not here. Still we are 
without any intelligence from Europe or the Islands. Genl: Washing- 
ton & Count Rochambeau are at present in this city to consult on the 
operations of the campaign. 

There is a report here from N. York, that the Enemy have evacuated 
& burnt Charlestown & sent the Garrison to the W. Indies. Sir Guy 
Carleton is so desirous of retreiving the soldiere we have taken, that he 
offers, if we will exchange them for soamcn, to stipulate that they shall 
not serve against the United States during twelve months. But he will 
find this artifice somewhat too shallow for his purpose. Lippincut is 
not, nor is it expected he will be given up. 

We have the honor to be, with great respect, 
Yr: Excellency's 

most obedient & most humbl Servants." 

Jaly 16th Capt: H. Young requests Col: Davies to order the Commissioners 

Richmond who may have received wagons and teams to send them to Richmond 

at once. The urgent demands upon him for transportation requii*08 this. 

July 16th Capt: John Pryor to Col: Davies. 

Richmond Requesting authority to employ two men discharged by Capt: Irish 
at Manchester, who are experts *'in the business of the Laboratory, 
fixing Amm*t*n, composition &c." They have been receiving 3S. 6d. pr: 
day, but will bo satisfied with less, if furnished with clothing. Mr. 
Anderson having declined working for the State, he asks to whom he 
must apply for articles for his Department, &e. 

July 16th Chas: Dick to Col: Davies. 

Fredericks- Referring to his Letter of the 29th June, in regard to the Mill Place. 
^^^ It is entirely deserted as yet. The Receiver of the Specific tax, informs 
him he cannot supply him with flour or bread, — he has only ten days 
rations on hand. 


He delivered last week one hundred good muskets to the County of 1782. 
Westmoreland — Lancaster and Northumberland expect arms, but he July 16th 
has no orders to deliver them — Closes *^ Without I can be supply'd with 
money and Bread for the Workmen, I shall not be able to keep them. I 
have done as much as mortal can do, and make no doubt but you are 
very sensible of it." 

CoL: Mathew GoDrasY to Gov: Harrison. July I6th 

Protesting against the conduct of Wm. Mitchell, ** Superintendent of Norfolk Co. 
Flaggs," in allowing undue Privileges to the British Brigantine " Alex- 
ander" &c. Permission had been granted to this vessel by the Gov- Undue Priv- 
ernor and CouncU to leave her moorings in York River, and to go to ^^^'t^^lT^* 
Norfolk or Portsmouth to "refit," and thence to "Burwell's Ferry on »*Plmg" ▼«- 
James River" to take in a cargo of Tobacco, due Messrs. Telfair 4**^*^ 
Likely, '^ capitulants at York" for goods purchased of them, for the 
Army — In addition to this. Wm. Mitchell the Superintendent, bad 
authorized John Hunter, Capt: of the Alexander to purchase in Nor- 
folk or Portsmouth 30,000 staves & heading for export in certain other 
vessels — ^flags of truce Ac." 

Col: Godfrey informs the Governor, that ins^ad of "barely examin- 
ing the rigging and repairing defects, or at furthest caulking the ves- 
sel," advantage was about to be taken of Mitchell's order, "to make a 
new vessel of an old one" and "that too for a cruel & savage Enemy" — 
Experienced men had decided her in fit condition to make a voyage to 
New York with her cargo, and this was an attempt to get their vessel 
repaired at a cheap rate, in order to make a voyage to Europe instead 
of New York — The people were so enraged at this procedure, they 
could scarcely be restrained from open violence — 

The other part of "the permission granted by Mitchell" was unac- 
countable in the extreme — "Our own vessels go out daily" without 
being allowed to load with such articles as staves &c., whereas the 
Capt: of this Flag had actually purchased the thirty thousand for 
export — In addition to these facts, other preparations were in progress 
on this vessel, looking to a long vovage — He sends Mr. Wilson, as 
express for instructions as to whether the vessel shall be "allowed to 
sheath'* and "the Capt: to ship staves &c or not." 

Col: John Scott accounts for the Specific collections Ac in his Dis- July 17th 
trict — Finds 800 stand of arms in the hands of Mr. Peter Marks, and Albemarle 
'^ten hides" — flour, wheat, corn and oats, and some "Continental 
Hemp" found, but "no tallow." The hides he puts out to be tanned on 
shares. The clothes delivered to Capt : Pe^'ton :. and most of the bacon 
and grain appropriated to the support of the Post at the Point of Fork. 



July 17th 

Wm. Hay to Col: Da vies. 

In regard to Mr. Dyer's operations at the "Point of Fork," his indus- 
try &c. He requests "that something be done respecting his appoint- 
ment at that place as Commissary of Stoi*es and Superintendent of the 
Artificers," as he has not received "a sixpence for his wages, and is 
uncertain upon what footing he stands." He is a '^clever young man 
and deserving of attention," and if he is to continue at Point of Fork, 
his salary should be fixed &c. 

July 17tb 

Robt. Porterfield, I'^uests of the Grovernor, authority upon which to 
settle with the creditors of his late brother Col : Charles Porterfield, Q. 
Master for Virginia; with order of the Governor appended, that the 
papers be referred to the Commissioner of War, to report " what pay 
and privileges" should be allowed &e. 

July 17th 

Col: Davies to the Governor. 

War Office "As the houses at the "Point of Fork" are now ready forthe recep- 
tion of artificers, and some of them are already there, I submit to your 
Excellency whether some pei'son should not be appointed to take charge 
of them. The armorers that were with Mr. Anderson, the taylors and 
shoe-makers that were at Albemarle Barracks, and the several persons, 
employed in the Laboratory-, will assemble at that place in the course of 
a month. The arms from New Castle, and other places are daily going 
up, and the management of the |>ei>ple and the care of the public stores, 
which will arrive there, I'cquires the ap]>ointment of a person of author- 
ity, application and experience. This appointment ma\- be made too, 
with a real diminution of expense. I hope 1 shall not be presuming, 
by intimating an opinion that there are some persons employed in the 
several Staff Departments in the State, than the present situation of 
our affairs seem to require" &c. Should his Excellency require a return 
&c" of these, he will find the statement made above to be true. He is 
therefore convinceil, that the appointment of one judicious and atten- 
tive person, would be sufficient to superintend the entire business of the 
Place, and recommends Capt: John Peyton for this office — The ** gun- 
work " could be done at Fredericksburg by Mr. Dick — As Mr. Anderson 
has positively refused to do any more work for the State, he desires 
instructions as to whether this refusal shall be allowed &c 


Capt: Henry Young to Col: Davies. 1782. 

That in as much as Capt: James Anderson will probably be allowed July 18th 
to •* decline the business of the public," and therefore will have to settle 
his accounts; he thinks it necessary to inform the Commissioner of 
War that one of the " State negi*oes had been at work for a considerable 
time, in his private shop at Williamsburg." 

Jno. Robertson to Col: Davies. JulylSih 

Dwelling at length and with great anxiety upon the needy condition York 

*' Oftrrison 

of his department; (Commissary,) he has neither money or credit, he 

had issued 1688 rations in full to the militia then there, making up the 

deficiency "in Soap, vinegar and candles" '*with meat and flour," &c. 

He is about to repair to Hampton, as he hears Col: Dabney "has not one 

mouth ful for his troops." Has in vain attempted to procure supplies in 

the surrounding Country & fears the "Troops must perish." 

L. WoodJnr. (Solicitor) to the Gov: and Council. July 18th 

Having been directed by the last Genl: Assembly to prepare the Solicitor'!? 
accounts of this Commonwealth for a settlement with the ** Continent," Office 

he finds it necessary to be fully acquainted with the Acts of Congress 
passed at different times in relation to that subject: The character of 
the charges allowed to the States, and the powers granted to the Com- 
missioners on behalf of the "Continent" in these transactions. That, as 
this information could only be gotten by a Person going to Philadelphia 
for the purpose, thus involving more expence than had been provided 
for, in the late Acts of Assembly, he is under the necessity of requesting 
the governor to supply the means of sending a gentleman to that city 
on this business. 

Col: Davies to the Governor. July 18th 

Complaining of the irregularities practiced by the County Com mis- War Office 
sioners, in their mode of collecting and accounting for the specific taxes, 
thereby causing great confusion, seriously inpairing public credit, and 
adding to the difficulties of supporting the Troops. Asks that Mr. Rob- 
ertson (Com: Gen.) shall have power to draw flour from * West Point" 
that being the only place of Inspection below the ** Falls of the Rivers." 
The people and Mr. Robertson, desires a public Inspection should be 
established at "Holt's Mill" on Lower James River, a most convenient 


1782. location, aod that John Harris, or Gary Wilkinson be appointed 
July 18th Inspectors. * * * * "The State, in point of arms, is in a moi-e 
defenceless situation at present, than at any penod prior to the capitula- 
tion at York " and how the repairing of these arms is to be accomplished, 
and at the same time maintain the Continental Garrisons at York and 
Hampton, he leaves bis Excellency to judge. He is aware of how he 
should be censured, on this account, were the enemy to visit the state, 
but the want of money must continue, so long as the State is encumbered 
with the expense of the Troops below. The loss of Mr. Anderson is 
serriously felt, in as much as he will not undertake the "public business" 
without proper guaranties, having lost all confidence in "the public faith." 
He suggests whether it would not be wise to agree to pay him "weekly 
or monthly" for all the arms he will repair, out of the money in the 
the hands of the Commissionei*s, as long as it may last. 

July 18th Dr. W. Foushee to Col: Wm. Davies. 

" Dear Sir, 
Richmond Agreable to yours of yesterday, I have only to make a 

Dr. Foushee. Return of myself receiving pay from the State @ 20 S. pr: day without 
^^^'^ P"' '^ Assistants, Eations or Forage, which I think was particularly agreed 
post at Rich- on by his Excell'y in Council on the 25th of January last, for my tak- 
mond Ac. jjjg charge of the Public Shop as an Apothecary, & performing every 
Duty as a Surgeon at the Post of Richmond. I therefore consider 
myself excluded (unless culled on to perform service at other Places or 
in another manner) from any emolument w^hatever, other than the 20 S. 
pr: day — It may not be amiss perhaps to observe, that for a consider- 
able time this spring there were very few Persons sick in the Hospital — 
I therefore consulted you, & the consequence was, that in May, I dis- 
charged David Jones as Orderly, whose Pay was 5 S., three Rations, and 
Economy Ac half a pint of Rum pr: Day — I have managed, by one of the young 
Gentm. who lives with me, from that time to do without that expence; 
but as the sickly Season is now approaching, it may be necessary to 
have that office filled again — as it is extremely necessary when any 
number of patients are in the Hospital — If I am not at Liberty, when- 
ever I think proper, to employ nurses, attendents &c., provided the 
expence does not exceed the former allowance, I shall be glad to be 
informed of it — and also what mode is to be made use of for procuring 
them.— Hospital stores of every kind will soon be wanted & there is a . 
great deficiency of medicine for the approaching Season, as perhaps 
numbers of militia will be called out — 

I am Dear Sir, with the utmost Respect, 

Your mo. obt. Servt., 



Wm. Reynolds to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

(igii. June 19th 

I was last night favour'd w'th yours of the 17th inst: — Mr. Tyler York 
says he is a native of New England, went in one of the Irish cutters 
that formerly traded to this River, he says he was taken and conveyed 
to New York, where he got his parole to come to Portsmouth in Virg*a 
while the Britisfi occupied that Post. When they removed to York he 
came with them. When York was captured he went up to Baltimore, 
he never took an oath on either side, those inhabitants that staid in 
York with the British tell me he appeared much at his liberty while 
the British were here, & that he came to York about three weeks before 
the British removed from Portsmouth, and after a few days returned to 
Portsm'th. Information was made to Genl: Lavalette and myself, we 
were both of opinion that he should not be suffer'd to return to Balti- 
more, for which purpose he had embarked and got some distance down 
the River. I got the Commodore to send after him & the General had 
him put under guard, we not having a Jail to confine him. 

I make no doubt scantling can be procured for rebuilding the Bar- 
racks, which the inhabitants of this Town have much at heart, for we 
have, & still suflfer great loss from our houses being used for that pur- 
pose. I am inform'd Genl: Stevens is to be down shortly. I hope your 
Excellency will use your influence with him to let his troops encamp. I 
think their health will depend on it, and it will afford great relief to the 
inhabitants, the militia that are here I am inform'd are badly of for 
provisions, the Commissary was to depend on the Commissioners of the 
Specific Tax. the distresses of the people in this County retard the 
progress of that collection — 

I am with great regard 

Yr. mo: obedt. Servt." 

Daniel Teasdale, Q. M. Department, refers Col: Davies to the aid so July 20th 
cheerfully offered the government by individuals in and about Peters- Petershurg 
burg in lending supplies to the Troops when they were suffering for 
want of them. Mr. Humphrey Richards one of these persons begs to 
be furnished in return with the quantity he had supplied and for which 
his family stands in need. 


1782. Col: Chas: Dabney to the Governor. 

July 20th "Sir 

Hampton I am happy at being informed by your Excellency's letter of the 17th 

instant, if the prospects of supplying the Troops under my command 
and shall take proper steps to make them acquainted with it. 

Mr. Robertson has not yet arriv'd at this place, tho' he informs me 
from York ho has large supplies coming in, and will bo here shortlj'. I 
will inform your Excellency as soon as I can have an opportunity of 
going to York, my opinion of the Situation of the Barracks, and what 
addition will be necessary to make them fit for the reception of five 
hundred men. The scheme for employing the Soldiery to work on them 
I think a very good one. 

Agreeable to your directions, I sent to employ Mr. Hobday to trans- 
port the Cavalry over to the Eastern Shore, but am informed he is gone 
up York River in a vessel and will not return in some time. I have 
wrote to Colls. Mapp and Savage, on the Eastern Shore requesting they 
will send a vessel from thence. 

Genl: Lavalettee is very anxious that all my core shou'd remain at this 
place and its neighborhood, and informs me it was Count RochambeauV 
wish when he left Williamsburg. As I expect'd your Excellency was 
not informed of this when I was order'd to York. I have remain'd at 
this place to hear further from you. 

I have the honor to be, 

your Excellency's 

most obedient Sert." 

July 20th Copy of Orders from Secy, of War U. States, to Capt : Guion. 

WarOflBce The French troops are to be immediately withdrawn from York 

Town in Virginia, by which the large quantity of Ordnance and Ord- 
nance stores now the property of the United States will be greatly 
exposed and liable to be lost. To remove them to the head of Elk 
becomes necessary to the safety of them. — You are therefore hereby 
empowered and instructed to cause all the Artillery and Stores, the 
property of the United States to be removed with all possible expedi- 
tion from York Town to the head of Elk, where you will receive my 
father directions respecting them. 

You will proceed immediately to tho head of Elk, and charter there 
two hundred tons of shipping, some of which might be suitable to take 
on board the heavy cannon — if you cannot obtain the full complement 
of shipping there, and you have no good Assurance from Mr. Yates, the 
Qr. Mr. at the head of Elk (to whom you may, under an injunction of 
secrecy, communicate your business) that you can get the vessels at 


York Town, he must proceed to Baltimore and charter the remainder 1782. 

there, and send them to you as soon as possible — Care must be taken July 20th 

that some of the vessels are furnished with suitable tackle to take in 

the heavy pieces. If you should not be able to get any vessels at the 

head of Elk, you will in that case proceed to Baltimore and charter the . 

vessels there — ^you will get them on the best terms possible, engaging 

their pay as soon as their freight is discharged. I suppose you must 

ensure the vessels — ^you will not suffer a question of that kind to delay 

you one moment. I imagine there will not be any great risque, for 

there will be, if the stores are loaded in time, a 44 gun ship to convoy 


If you find it necessary, you will apply to the Commanding OflScer of 
the militia to put on board each vessel twenty or thirty men, which 
number will be sufficient to defend her against the small boats. Should 
they be attacked by large vessels they must attempt to run her on 
shore — the men may prevent her being burnt, and the Ordnance and 
Stores from being destroyed. 

When you arrive at York Town, you will apply to the Qr. Mr. there, 
for his assistance in removing the stores to the landing — I suppose they 
are on the ground where we left them — if they should have been 
removed the trouble of doing it will be saved — 

There were a great many shot left, at different places — many were 
lying on the shore below the british work, which we took from them 
before the surrender. 

You will apply to the Commanding Officer of the militia to give you 
all the aid you may want in collecting and loading the Stores, so that it 
may be done with so much dispatch as to permit you to sail with the 
french, and take the advantage of their convoy — Without fail send off 
with them such vessels as shall be loaded — let, therefore, as they are 
the most valuable, the cannon be put first on board. 

There were left a great number of waggon carriages and wheels — if 
they are not sold, bring as many of the best wheels as you can, and sell 
the remainder — bring all the gun carriages you can pick up. 

You will particularly inquire what quantity of powder and fixed 
ammu'n was left, — let that also be secured as soon as may be. You will 
herewith receive 300 dollars to refund the expence of collecting and 
loading the stores &c., for which sum you will be accountable. In 
chartering of vessels you will procure such only as can come up to the 
head of Elk. 

There will be a number of french troops and artillery men at York. 
I think you will obtain very considerable aid from them if you apply for it. 

You will, I suppose, find a civil magistrate in York — Should there be 
one, you will wait upon him and request his assistance if you should 
want it — he will be of use to you in collecting the teams, provided the 
people should be averse to toe removal of the ordnance. 



1782. Great address, secrecy, and dispatch uro uecebsary in traDsacting this 

July 20th business successfully. The confidence I have in your activity and 

resource leaves no room to doubt but eveiy thing possible will be done. 

You will agree upon the time of evacuation with the commanding 

officer of the French troops. 

I am Sir &c." 

July 21th Harry Jones to Col: Da vies. 

Bedford Co. Making report of the "Issues" of his District for the present year — 
the business delayed, "by the Indisposition of Mr. Jones who has been 
lingering for six months past, and how long this may be the case God 
only Jcnows " — He must resign, unless a favorable change takes place, 
"to prevent ye state from being injured & maintain my character as a 
man of business" — In regard to furnishing the contractor at the Point 
of Fork, he suggests, that the expenee of transporting to such a distance 
will cost more than the Specifics on hand are worth : if sold for cash 
the articles would not average 25 pr : ct*: their intrinsic value — Some 
might be disposed of to the Continental contractor at New London, which 
would be better than transporting them "upwards of 100 miles" — There 
is no money in the people's hand with which to purchase anything at 
public sale — He asks further instructions upon the matter — 

July 22d G. Gilchrist to Collo. Cropper. 

Dear Colo. 

After I left your House, I proceeded with the flag, agreeable 
to your directions, the Barg's being so very long before thej' came to 
us from tuder's Island, eaus'd me to stay till this morning. When I 
met the flag at Mrs. Wisharts they were exceedingly exaspi rated that 
you did not see proper to exchange their Prisoners & said they wou*d 
certainly carry them to New York. Doct: IVilliams went with me — 
they had a man that was badly wounded, they offered the Doet: 
twenty pounds to take out the ball. I informed them he shou'd try, 
provided they wou'd release the prisoners on parole which they agreed 
chearfully. the Doct: proceeded, but all to no purpose, tho* we got 
Walton & Sterling released, they now swear bitterly to .take all the 
prisoners they possible can & take them to New York, from what I 
can learn they are determined to git you if they can." * * "they 
now have 34 negroes & 22 white men on board. I wou'd recommend 
you to be much on your guard &c" * * ♦ » 

I am Sir, your obedt. & very hbl. sevt — 

N. B — I demanded the meaning of that word when I met the flag, 
they cou'd not possible tell. When I went on board I asked the roan 


that wrote it. he said it was (Audubon). I asked him what it derived 1782. 
from, he answered that this Audubon was one very great man. one July 22d 
that regulated matters of that kind in regard to exchanging prisoners, 
which was all I could get out of him — I have a great deal to tell you 
concerning them, but have not time — Mr. Custis is now waiting. I have 
sent some clothes for the little prisoner that wanted to be hung." I 
never wrote so bad in my life; am so hurried & half asleep. 

Thos: Watkins refuses to undertake public baking, his "accounts July 22d 
against the Public for baking some years past''*not yet having been 

J. Madison jnr: and A. Lbe, to Governor. July 28d 


The Letter of the 11th with which your Excellency honord us, Philadelphia 
came safe with the enclosed Resolves, which we shall lay before Con- 

The Superintendant's contract for the main Army is ten pence pensyU 
vania curr'y, per Ration, which is 25 pr: ct: less than what your Excel- 
lency mentions — We shall make the application you recommend, to 
Congress. No Instructions have yet reached us in the important points 
which were stated to the assembly for that purpose. 

The enclosed Paper contains all the late advices from Europe, Con- 
gress not having received any Dispatches. But we have no doubt of 
our Independence having been acknowledged by the States General. 
We have the honor to be with the most perfect respect, 

your Excellency's 

most obedient Servants** 

Benj: Hart to the Executive. Ju1y28d 

Protesting against the seizure of his vessel, and asseverating his inno- Hampton 
cence of the charge that ho was "privy or accessory to so villianous an 
act, as the cutting a Vessel out of this Port" — He begs for a hearing 
before the Council, and will "esteem it a favour to be in the care of 
any of Collo. Dabney's Officers " on his way up and back again. 

Capt: Bourne Price, C. Mil: Stores, informs Capi: Pry or, that his July 28d 
order in favor of Colo. Campbell for five hundred weight of Powder, New Loudon 
had been received; but Capt: Irish forbids its being complied with, 
until all the Continental Stores in the keeping of Capt: Pryor shall 
have been turned over to him. He has however no musket powder : 
and only some cannon Powder and "militia arms" on hand. 




July 28d 


Capt; Thomas Richardson, Comdo., to Col: Davies. 

Testifying to the activity and vigilance displayed by Mr. Jno: Robert- 
son, the Cora: Genl: of the State and his assistants, who upon their 
credit alone had managed to supply the garrison at a time when the 
Collectors of the Specific tax could get nothing from the surrounding 
country. Mr. Robertson, being about to leave York, he urges the 
appointment of ''one John Crawford" to do the duties of Commissary; 
"a man most singularly esteemed by the officers and men," on account 
of his faithful services, and successful efforts in feeding the troops in 
their great distresses. He has on hand one month's provisions, but a 
few Camp Kettles are necessary, the men having nothing *' to cook their 
victuals in." Only about two hundred militia are left in the garrison. 

July 28d 

War Office 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Governor. 

Agreeable to the order in Council of the 18th, I beg leave to inform 
your Excellency that a number of public arms were delivered last sum- 
mer to Sir John Peyton by order of Gov: Nelson. This was done with- 
out the intervention of myself or the Commissary of Military Stores: 
so that I am wholly unable to ascertain the number. It is probable 
some entry may be made of it, in some of the Council books. 

The arras are in store, which were left at the seige of York: no doubt 
there are raany private ones araong them, which might be sepai*ated, 
and upon proof the property returned to the owners : tho' the fact is, 
that the militia on the Gloucester side went off after the seige was over, 
and left their arms stocked upon the ground. Many of the private 
arms therefore belonging to the County of Gloucester are probably 
araong those that were brought up from below, and lodged at New 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obed't Servant." 

July 23d 

Col: Davies to the Executive. 

War Office Ii^ regard to pay due Leut: Col: Potterfield's Estate, recommends, in 
view of his •* services and sufferings" the sum of £354.17.1. be allowed, 
subject to proper deductions — 



Rich'd Tarbrouoh Dkpt: Com: to Col: Da vies, 1782. 

Julv 24th 

Re?*peeting bis collection of '' specifics" io his District — He cannot Dinwiddi© 
hire drivers for the cattle to be sent to York for less than three dolls: 
pr: day — : recommends therefore that in each county a sutlieient num> 
her of militia be detailed to drive cattle — in as much as it will ci>st more 
to hire them than the cattle are worth, if to be driven any distance. 
He has not yet been able to get the money they have collected out of 
the hands of the Commissioners, and knows not when he can do it — 

John Pierce informs Col: Davies, he has given Mr. Robertson an order J"ly 25th 
for "all the specifics & cash in the hands of the Commissioners of York, J^me* City 
Elizabeth City & Warrick Countys," but apprehends but little will be Chatham 
realized from them. He has never gotten the wagon & team required. 
He will be in Richmond to settle his accounts, before the 1st September, 
at which time the Collection of the Specific Tax expires — 

Genl: Nathl: Green to Gov: Harrison, op Va. July 25th 


1 have had the honor of your letter of the 23d June, and thank you Head 
for your assurances of affording me all the support in j'our power. Ashl Ri^ver 

Genl: Muhlenberg writes, the state has agreed to raise three thousand 
men. The mode is not mentioned. I wish it may be successful, but 1 
have my fears if the plan is founded on that fatal polic}* of appearing 
strong on paper, or only showing a disposition to do as much as the 
other states, without intending it should have efficacy and success, 
which has been too much the spirit of politics in all the states — I say, 
should this be the spirit and tenu of the Law, which 1 hope is not the 
case, it will only serve to feed our expectations, without affording that 
substantial support, which is necessary to free oureelves, from the far- 
ther ravages of the enemy. I was sorry to hear lately, that Virginia 
had departed from the plan, recommended by Congress for obtaining 
a revenue by tax for the support of the war. Nothing more wanting 
than a spirit of union among the states, and every little deviation, even 
in the mode of doing business, from what ie recommended by Congress, 
tends to weaken and defeat the measures taken for national security. 
And more especially, when this happens in one the fii'st states in the 
union, whose example others copy with pride and confidence, in full 
persuasion of its being perfectly right. Great part of the calamities 
felt by the United Provinces, was owing to a want of proper spirit of 
union, and the independent measures which each took for their own 
security, without regard to the general safety of the whole, and great 



1782. part of the evils which we have felt, and the only remaining hopes, 

July 25th which the enemy have had for a long time, is that a want of a spirit of 

union among ourselvcH, might render our opposition, ineffectual in time. 

Nothing has given me more pain, than the opposition I hear was 
given in your house of Assembly, to the plans of the Financier, to give 
credit to public measures with the people. Upon what principle the 
circulation of his notes, was opposed, I cannot imagine. The measure 
is highly important in a political light, as it appears to be one of the 
few means left to keep the wheels of government in motion — In a com- 
mercial point of view it must be highly beneficial to the state, for it is 
certainly calculated to leave among them the little specie in circulation, 
and to afford a medium to increase commerce, and inspire industry. In 
my opinion, the opposition was ill-judged, to say no worse of it — 

It is reported here also, that the state is going to keep up a Garrison 
of 1000 militia at York and Gloucester. I cannot help thinking they 
will find the expenco far greater, than the advantage. The expense and 
the risque are the only criterion, to decide upon the propriety and policy 
of the measure. The force is either too great, or too small. If it is 
intended to check little incursions only, the force is too large: if to 
'oppose a serious invasion, too small. While we weaken our force, with 
divided measures, we shall burthen ourselves with a useless expence, 
and after all be open to the inroads of sudden incursions. I do not 
know the particular object of this body of militia, but suppose they are 
called out, to supply the place of the French troops, who, I am told 
have marched from Virginia northerly. Be it what it may, I think a 
little time will convince you, that the benefits are far less, than the 
charge and trouble attending it, to say nothing of the inconveniences 
which will be felt in the continental measures from the states wasting 
its resources in attempting local security. 

Savannah is evacuated, but the enemy must be driven from Charles- 
town by force, and this we have little prospect of being able to effect, 
without greater exertions than I can flatter myself with — 

I have the honor to be with great respect. 

Your Excellency's &c &c — 

July 25th A Return of the Staff Departments of the State, with their pay, 
mtions, & Forage extended in specie — 

Quarter Afastefs Department, 




Henry Young, Q. M. pay £30. 




3 horses. 

Saml: Jones, Asst. 22. 




1 horee. 

John White Clerk 12. 




Nathl: Price Clerk 12. 



Patton — Forage Master 12. 


Wheolin, Waggon Master 13. 



and hostler 


Rations. 1782. 

CorarniBsary Genl: of Mill: Stores: July 26th 

John Pryor Pay pr: month, £21. 0. 0. 2. 


Wm. Reynolds " " *' 12. 0. 0. 1. 

Sup: of Laboratory: 

Saral: Cotter " " " 9. 2. 6. 1. 

Director General : 

Wra. Foushce — pay — £30. 0. 0. pr: month 

Rations. Forage. 
Assistant Commissary of Stores: 

SamI: Dyer, pay, 12. 10. 0. " " 1. 1. 

Waggoners in the Q. Master's Department, &c, 

5 waggoners at 1 sh. 2d pr: day Rations. 

in addition to their pay as Soldiers, 5. 

1 ditto at 2 sh. 6d pr: day additional 1. 

1 artificer at 5 sh. " " 1. 

3 artificers at 4 " '* " 3. 
l' artificer at 3 " 1. 

2 washer women 2. 
1 servant 1. 

4 hired negroes at 5 sh. 6}d 4. 
10 — State negroes 10. 

Corn : Genl : of Mil : Stores Department. 

6 invalid soldiers at soldiers' pay, 6. 

5 washerwomen & 2 children 7. 
4 men employed for 18 months at soldiers pay — 4. 
Joseph Clarke — at £4.10 p'r month 1. 

Besides the above Staff Officers there is allowed in the Establishment 
of the Quarter Masters' Department, a Deputy Quarter Master at the 
** Point of Fork" — who has been lately dispensed with — His monthly 
pay was £18. — one ration, one of forage, and with the use of one Public 
horse — the whole, exclusiye of horse hire, amounting to the yearly sum 
of £254.0.5— 

In the Hospital Department, David Jones, as Orderly, has also been 
lately dismissed as unnecessary. His pay was £7.12.1 pr: month & 3. 
rations a day, &c — 



1782. John Evans, County Lieut: to Gov: Harrison. 

July 25th Hononr'd Sir, 

Monongalia Agreeable to your orders of 22d of May last, to me directed, 

I have cal'd on General Irvine, he informs me its out of his power to give 
any assistance Except in amunitioii. the hored barbarity of the enemy 
has struck the inhabitants of this county with such a panac that they 
are determined to Quit the country unless your Honour will Enterfere 
and give them the necessary aid. the men you ordered to our assist- 
ance were Obliged to be discharged before the expiration of their time 
for want of provision. Col: Wilson informs me he has repeatedly 
applied for provision to Col: Harrison of Rockingham, but have Rec'i 
but very trifling, the militia from Frederick, Berklc}' & Shanandoah I 
expect will be here soon, and no provision for them nor none to be had. 
I hope your Honour will take it under consideration and adapt some 
mode for our relief, particularly in that of provision and how and what 
manner the men are to be supported. I could git Beef & flour by 
impressing, but we have no salt, and that of taking people's property I 
am very loath to undertake, could any other method be adopted. I 
have made the strictest enquiry concerning the murder comroited on 
Muskindom, and find only one man that went from this county & since, 
he is dead — 

About the twentieth of May last Colo. Wm. Crawford, with five hun- 
dred men went against St. Duskey (Sandusky) and a few ii^iles from the 
town the Enemy met them, and from the best accounts our loss were 
not less than 100 men. Colo. Crawford himself taken and Colo. Wm. 
Harrison with many others, by a prisoner who were taken at the time 
and made his escape, informs he saw Colo. Crawford tied to a stake and 
burnt, and by one other prisoner who has since come in, says, be saw 
Colo. Harrison Quartered and burnt. Since that the enemy attacked 
bannah's Town in Westmoreland county, kiled a great number of the 
inhabitants and burnt the town. Yesterday I was creditably informed 
that the Enemy had burnt Fort Henry at the month of Wheeling, but I do 
not assert it, though I have reason to believe it is true. These instances 
causes our Frontiers to be very ticklish, as we are so scattering, the 
small settlements so great a distance apart. I received a line from your 
honour dated 9th of May concerning men being inrold. who lived in 
forts. I can assure your honour that since I have bad the Honour of 
commanding the county such a practice have never been allowed. Upon 
the Whole I submit to your honours Superior Judgment hoping that 
this part of the State will not be allowed to fall a prey to so barbarous 
an Enemy^as those Savages — 

and am with the greatest Esteem 

your Excellencies most Obodt. Servnt" 

P. S. If such as furnishing some paper for the publick use could be 
done, I shu*d be glad for, I am in great want and cannot git a supply.'* 



Colo. Chas: Dabnst to Gov: Harrison. 

I received a letter from Genl: Lavalette yesterday directing me to 
fttop all Flag vessels that may be bound from James River to Now York, 
till further orders from him. this he informs me is in consequence of) 
Orders he has just received from Genl: Elochambeau — As I did not con- 
ceive I had any right to interfere in this business — I communicated the. 
contents of the letter to Commodore Barron who has wrote to your 
Excellency on the subject. A french Brig arrived in Hampton roads, 
yesterday from Cape Fran9ois and saiPd this morning for Baltimore, 
the Capt: I am informed says that thirteen French Ships of the Line, 
and throe Frigates sail'd from thence a few days before he left it, their 
destination not known. 

Since my last letter to your Excellency Mr. Robertson has been here 
and informs me he will foward on an ample supply of provision in a few 
days — The Clothing for the Troops arriv'd a few days ago. 

I have the honor to be, Tour Excellency's Most Obedient Serv't — 

P. S. "Since writing the above, a french Brig has arrived in the Bay, 
and has taken a pilot on board to bring her up to Hampton roads, the 
officer that came on shore informs us that thirteen ships of the line, 
three Frigates and a cutter (pai*t of the fleet from Cape fVan^ois) 
is now off our capes; he believes they will not come in the Capes, but 
are bound for Boston. 

C. D." 

Jno: Robertson to Col: Davies. 



With great difficulty I have procured one month's provisions A 
Liquors for the Troops here & at Hampton. I have been with Colo. 
Dabney; he is fully satisfy'd with the supply. I have not rec'd one 
shilling of money yet, nor Specific Articles — 1 have purchased Beeves 
from Sir Peyton Skipwith & Brought twenty of them over the river 
this day, &c"— **♦*♦* 

with the greatest Esteem, Sir, 

yr: most obed't Servant." 

July 27th 

Capt: H. Young informs Col: Bavies, that Capt: John Peyton is wiU- July 27th 
ing to "do the Quarter Master's Business at the Point of Fork" pro- Richmond 
vided he can be appointed to superintend "any other business that may 
be carried on at that Post." — Mr. Dyer will return to that Post in the 
morning and, as it is Important to know whether Capt. Peyton's request 
can be granted, he requests a reply, so that it may be sent to hinx at 

once — 




1782. Colo. Arthur Campbell to Gov: Harrison. 

July 27th "Sir 
Washington In a Letter just received from Colo. Martin are the following para- 

County graphs "as to the Lead you mention, when I was down in December 
last the Executive gave me an order for 2000 lbs of lead on my own 
private account to sell to the settlers, which will appear on their Books 
of that date, which is all the lead I have received since the Treaty. I 
beg Mr. Jameson may be apply'd to, who was at that time Lieut: Gov- 
ernor and signed the order mentioning the particular use it was for." 

"Last night Ellis Harland (a noted Indian Trader of great influence 
among ye Indians) returned from the nation, who informs that the 
Chickamogga Indians are desirous for peace, that they were to set out 
for Chota with the Prisonei-s the day he left, there, that Springston (a 
Linguister) is there waiting arrival, at which time he is to come for me 
to go and receive them. I expect him every hour. Harlin has brought 
a large quantity of Wampum and Talks in with him, but being sick, is 
not able to give them out otherwise I should send them to you. The 
old warrier O'Kana — Stotee has sent to me informing that he has 
resigned his authority; with the consent of the \\'hole nation to his son 
Tiickasee (he is the man that wont down with (>ol: Gist some years past 
commander of the party) and desires that I will attend at Chota to 
-assist at the ceremony of his installation, in the name of Virginia. But 
I think not to concern in that before I hear what the Governor will say 
on that subject. The Powder that was ordered for the use of the 
Indians, I beg you will hurry down as soon as possible, as promises will 
no longer do — I beg Sir, that you will not fail leting the Governor know 
how matters stand; in particular mention the Lead, as nothing gives 
me more pain than to be under the displeasure of my Superiours. I 
have sent this day to Col : Sevier to appoint a place to meet Colo. Shelby 
and myself, at which time if they think of giving the Chickamoggo 
Towns Terms of Peace, I shall send for you and Colo. Christian." 

Whilst Colo. Martin seems assiduous to promote a conciliatory plan 
with the Indians, a force is raising I understand, by order of the Execu* 
tive of North Carolina to attack all the Cherokee Indians that do not 
submit to certain terms, hard in their nature: such as removing to cer- 
tain spots near our frontier settlements and live in future by agricul- 

Should your Excellency disapprove of such measures in a sister State, 
of which not only we, but the Union may be interested, your repre- 
sentation and influence, no doubt, will procure such a revision of the 
Order of North Carolina as may alter its most exceptionable parts. Col : 
Martin meeting with some misfortune in his family, he mentions as the 
reason of his not waiting on you himself on this occasion. But hopes 
to be honored with your commands by an early conveyance — 

I am Sir, your most obedient and very Humble Servant** 


Major John Hardin to Col: Wm. Davies. 1782. 

" Sir Jul> 28th 

Perhaps you have not had the account of our worthy Friends, Monnonga- 
Colo. Craflfbrd (Crawford), Colo. Win. Harrison & Wm. Craflfbrd nefuo 
to Colo. Wm. Craflfbrd & and many othcra who fell into the hands of 
the Indians on the late Expedition against the Sant: Duskey Towns, so 
full as I am able to inform you. The 5th Inst: I was at Fort Pitt when 
John Knight Surgen's mate to 7th Virginia Regt. came in & said he 
and Colo. Crafford was taken together by the daliways (Delawares) 
To a camp whear there was nine more prisoners on Friday & the Tues- 
day following they were all put to Death But himself, he said they 
were all march'd into Town, Nine was Tomahoked & himself & Col. was 
to be Burnt to the Stake. Colo. Crafford he saw Tyed & Burning 
nearly two houres & behaved like a hero. The Trator Simon Girty was 
standing by. The Colo. Cryed out to him no mercy, only shoot me, 
which his Reply was, "CraflTord I have no gun" with a laugh, "how 
can you expect any other — this in Retalation for the meravins (mora- 
vians) that was murdered last Spring." the Colo, made no reply, nor 
was heard to make any noys the whole time of his Tautor — after about 
two hours he fell on his face, one of the waraurs (warriors) jumpt in 
& Scalped him & throughed up hot coles & ashes on him, & then the Colo, 
got up & walked ; & then the Doctor sd : he was taken away & told he 
was not to be burnt there, but was to be taken to the Shaynee Towns, 
where there was about Thirty Duliways (Dolawares) lived to give them 
some satisfaction for the murder of the meravins, and on his way he 
made his Escape, was 21 days coming in to Fort Pitt & his subsistance 
the whole time was green goos beaiys, nettle tops & green may apples — 

One Slover has made his Escape about twelve days since the Doctor, 
& gives an account of all the Prisoners that was taken, was put to death, 
that Colo. Harrison was Burnt & afterwards quartered & stuck up on 
poles. Wm. Craflfbrd was also burnt, & himself was the last that was 
Bro't to the Stake to be Burnt — there came on a suding heavy Rain 
which prevented them Burning him that day & that night he made his 
Escape & got into Wealon (Wheeling) in 7 days — I have not seen Slover 
myself, but I saw his accounts in Wrighting from good authority — 

This is Convincing that onexpearinc'd men ought not to have their 
own way in war, that good men must suffer on their account, the mur- 
der Committed on the meravine is Every day Retalated for— Sixteen 
days ago Twenty-five Persons Kil'd & taken by the whole party of 
Indians — They consisted of about two Hundred, they took & destroyed 
a great many horses & Cattle & horesel goods — there seems to be a great 
spirit in general amon'st the people for another Campaign, which I am 
in hopes will have the desired Efect — 

I am Sir, with great Esteem 3'^our friend & very 

Humbl. Sorvent" 


^ftffZ. Wm. Mitchell to the Gtovernok. 


York Expressing bis great regret at having allowed a "Flag vesser* to go 

to Norfolk & Portsmouth to be repaired — In this however he had fol- 
lowed the example of Commodore Barron who had allowed the same 
thing. What he did was from ignorance of the commercial regulations 
and the laws applying to Flag vessels. In permitting the vessel to take 
in staves, he supposed it was done to facilitate the storing of hhds: of 
Tobacco, and it did not then strike him as a breach of authority on his 
part. Admitting the justice of the complaints made against him, he 
begs to be forgiven for the offences ignorantly committed, and as soon 
as Col: Dabney arrives, he will with pleasure resign the charge of the 
vessels under his directions — 

July 29th Ool: Turner Southall to Col: Davies. 

Declining to receive at this time, the house belonging to him, used 
*^E8 the Armorer's Shop" except upon the terms agreed to on the part 
of the "Public": and enclosing to him a copy of an agreement signed 
by Col: Geo: Muter — Also covering the certificate of Jas: Buchanan and 
Gabriel Gait, that Col: Southall is entitled to and should receive, "six 
thousand pounds of Crop-Tobacco pr: annum, for the rent of his House." 

July 29th Col: John Heath to Col: Wm. Davies. 


Northum- When at your office last, I think you condecended to furnish this 

berUnd Co. County with two hundred stand of arms, not more than half the num- 
ber wanting: and provided I would bear the expence of sending for 
'em, you would, by the first post give order for the same, in my way 
home at Hobshole hired a man to bring 'em from Fredericksburgh, and 
wrote Mr. Dick what passed between us relative thereto, with a small 
addition of some amunition to be sent also, there being none left with 
Colo. Gaskins since the Gloucester Expedition, therefore the one would 
be useless without the other, however by some means or other there 
happened a disapointm't, to the great mortification of the bay side 
inhabitants, many of which, while meeting the collector with a willing- 
ness to pay their Taxes, was ruined by the negroes & a few white men 
in the enemy's Barges (this being the practice ever since the arms were 
taken to Gloucester, and from that, carried the Lord knows where), 
therefore our people does not complain without cause, and unless they 
can be furnished with means of defence, and that soon, the consequences 
will be a removal from their habitations or totally destroyed and ren- 


dered thereby useless to mankind in general — I hope some alteration 1782. 
will soon take place so as to grant that peace and tranquility desired July 29ih 
among the good people of this state and yt. yo. and every well wisher 
thereto, will lend a hand toward the accomplishment of it, wh. is not 
by me the least doubted, bein^ with the utmost sincerity, 

Yr: Obed*t Servt— 

X. B. There will be from maiyland, a few vessels well filled and in 
good order for joyning our force from James River. 1 wish to hear 
something of their meeting, that People's spirits might be raised" — 

RoB*T Morris to the Governor op Virginia (Circular). July 29th 


Finding that several States are still in the habit of making partial OfSce of 
Pa^'ments to their Troops, as well as of expending monies for the pur- Finance 
chase of Cloathing, It becomes my duty to inform you, that the requisi- 
tions for the service of the Current year, included both the Pay and 
Cloathing for the Continental Army. Any payments which the several 
states may think Proper to make, or any expenditures for Cloating or 
the like cannot be admitted in deduction from the Quota Assigned 
them — It becomes necessary trom many reasons, which I will not 
trouble your Excellency with ye enumeration of, that nothing be 
received from the States but money, this alone can prevent those intri- 
cate accounts which hitherto have involved every thing in a Labarinth 
of Confusion. Had the States complied with the requisitions made on 
them for the Current service, in any Degree proportionate either to the 
Magnitude or Urgency of the Occasion, we should e*er this, have had the 
Pleasure of knowing that our army enjoyed all the Emoluments they 
have a right to ask for. — I take the liberty to add, that it would be 
proper to cause Accounts to be transmitted to the Paymaster General, 
as speedily as possible, of what has been advanced for Pay, that he may 
at least prevent a double Credit for the same sums. With respect to the 
Pay, which may have become due, anteriorly to the first day of January 
1782, it will become a Part of that Debt from the United States, for the 
Funding of which, Revenues will be required from the Several States, 
as soon as Congress shall have digested their Resolutions on that 
subject — 

I have on many occasions delivered the sentiments contained above, 
to several of the States, as circumstances called or occasion required, 
but it appears necessary to make the formal communication to all, and 
therefore I must pray your Excellency to excuse any repetitions which 
may have happened — Before I close this letter, I must observe Sir, that 
of four millions, payable according to the Requisitions of Congress by 
the first Instant, I did not receive forty thousand Dollars — Judge then, 



July 29th 

July 30th 

of the anticipationB which were necessary to bring us where we are. 
Judge of the situation in which we are placed, and be not surprized at 
any Consequences which may follow from that Universal neglect which 
is alike unaccountable and inexcusable — 

I have the Honor to be 

with very great Respect — 

Sir, Your Excellency's 

most obedient 

& humble Servant" — 

George Kelly informs the Governor, of his having arrested "a certain 
James Laughton, a brittish Subject," and exacted a parole of him as 
prisoner of war, requiring the Captain of the Vessel who allowed him 
to land, bond and security to return him on board until exchanged &c — 
Also recommending that "a certain John McLear," formerly of Norfolk 
Borough, permitted by the same officer to land and go without per- 
mission into the Country, be arrested, subject to the future action of the 
Executive — 

July 80th 


Col: John Newton to Col: Davies. 

In regard to the exhausted condition of his District, tho' he will urge 
the Commissioners to make their collections as soon as possible — Colo. 
Dabney has received all that had been collected — Refers to the informa- 
tion given in Kelly's letter respecting the landing of Laughton and 
McLean, British subjects, from Flags of Truice — Considers the Captain 
very culpable in permitting it — the persons "so coming-in" should be 
regai'ded as spies, and adds "if some method is not taken to prevent 
these liberties adieu to our cause, allowing ships to heave down & pur- 
chase staves for dunnage is I think what never was allowed in any 
country before, pray give me your opinion on these matters, the 
flags are of great hurt to us & if thej^ are not kept more close than 
heretofore they will be more so. a small cruizer with six whites & two 
negroes yesterday delivered themselves up, they were without provis- 
ions, they had burnt two vessels & plundered several places, the 
French fleet appeared off our capes yesterday — 

I am Dr Sir 

yr: obt. Servt" 

July 30th 
War Office 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Governor. 


I have enclosed to your Excellency, the List of St^if within my 
department, with their pay &e, which will probably appear high, espe- 
cially if compared with the allowances given by the General Assembly 
to the other officers of State — 

ffl^^g^g^^mm^mmmm^^mmmmmmi^^^ma^ i 'i."-^ -j-t .^ti\^ * 


The Quarter Master's duties are greatly circumscribed, to what they 1782. 
were during the Invasion, nor does his business much exceed that of a July SOih 
Continental Assistant Deputy Quartermaster at a Post: especially as he 
has, exclusive of other Assistants, a Forage Master, waggon master and 
Hostler under him, which the assistant Deputy, to the best of my recol- 
lection, was not allowed to have, and was obliged to act as Commissary 
to the Post, besides — 

The Assistant Quarter Master seems wholly unnecessary in the pres- 
ent state of affairs, especially when it is observed, that by the present 
establishment of the Quarter Master's Department, which your Excel- 
lency may choose to see, the Quarter Master General is allowed to 
employ as many Clerks as may be wanting, at a much cheaper rate, 
who might be equally competent for the business of keeping the accounts. 
This post of Assistant Quarter master has been reduced in the Conti- 
nental establishment, where it was infinitely more necessary than it 
possibly can be here. 

The Deputy Quarter Master has been dispenced with for more than a 
month, as I thought him unnecessary in our circumstances; and the 
person resigning, who held that Post, it has not been filled up since, but 
the appointment still retrains as part of the present establishment. If 
a comparison is made with the Clerks and Assistant Clerks in other 
offices, those emplo3ed in the Quarter Master's department appear to be 
particularly favored as to their allowances, tho' their duties are con- 
fessedly no greater than those of the others. 

The Commissary of Military Stores tho' very necessary in times of 
Invasion, does not appear to be absolutely necessary at other times; at 
least the person with the pay of the Assistant, would be sufficient for 
the business under the same direction of the war office as at present. 

It might perhaps be well enough, if the appointment of Commissary 
General of Militar}' Stores was, like that of the General officers, to take 
take place, only in times of Invasion. Such is the case of the appoint- 
ment of the Adjutant Genl: of the militia and some other great staff 

The Hospital department is and ever will be, very circumscribed in 
its duties in times of tranquility like the present. Half a dozen patients 
at Richmond, with the charge of sending down medicines and hospital 
Stores to Colo. Dabney, are almost the only object of a Physician and 
Director General's care. If there w^as a necessity for a medical officer of 
that dignity any where at present, it would seem that York or Hampton 
should be the place; but even there it is not necessary. Regimental & 
occiisional Surgeons will be fully sufficient for the present numbers in 
Service. An apothecary would probably answer every purpose of a 
Director General, as the duties must always be very trifling, except in 
an Invasion, when a person might be employed with a handsome allow- 
ance for the services actually performed; which would be equally useful 
and much more economical than the present establishment. 



1782. I would beg leave however, to o!)serve to your Excellency, that the 

July 80th warrants for pay of the Quarter master's & Military Stores departments 
were not made receivable in Taxes, as was the case with the Hospital 
and many others; perhaps therefore should your Excellency be of 
opinion that any abatement or alteration of their allowances should 
finally take place, jet you might also judge it proper that to the end of 
the present quarter, the present establishment should be continued, and 
that any new regulations which your Excellency may think necessary 
to order should not take place before October next. 

On this occasion I confide entirely on the indulgence of your Excel- 
lency, if I presume to suggest to you the necessity of ap|>ointing some 
person to settle the various accounts of quartermast'i*Sj Commissaries, 
Commissioners & Contractors &c., both past and to come. This is a 
business of so much importance, that without it there can never be 
an expectation of Justice being done the Country. 

A Quartermaster or a Commissary draws large sums of money from 
the Treasury ; Six or eight months afterwards he settles with the Audi- 
tors, proving by his vouchers that he has laid the whole money out in 
horses, cattle, waggons, or anything else: but here the enquiry ends, 
tho* it is evidently a matter of as much moment to the Public, to know 
what has been done with the horses, cattle &c., as it was with respect to 
the application of the money. For want of such an appointment infi- 
nite abuses have been committed. None of Finney's, Porterfiold's, 
Brown's or Pierce's Accounts of Stores and Issues have been, or ever 
will be settled, altho' they all may have got a quietiis from the Auditor's, 
as to the money they received — Thus, Captain Young regularly makes 
his quarterly settlements with the Auditors, and the exact sum of 
money he has laid out is ascertained, but as to the application of his 
purchases, it rests solely with himself This is a circumstance I know, 
he thinks highly improper and would be glad to see remedied — This 
appointment is necessary also as a preparative to the settlement of the 
Continental account, and more immediately for settling with the Dis- 
trict Commissioners and with Mr. Robertson. 

I do not conceive it within the duties, or Lieusure of my Office to 
undertake any of this business. It appears to me improper that the 
same person should have the power of disposing of the Public Stores 
and settling the Accounts. He might dispose of them for his own pur- 
poses with security — 

Should your Excellency concur in sentiment as to the propriety of 
this appointment and the reduction of the Post of Assistant Quarter 
Master, I should think it an act of Justice due to Capt: Jones, the present 
Assistant, to recommend him to the favorable attention of your Excel- 
lency, as a person whose experience in Military arrangements, and 
whose knowledge of Accounts render him every way proper to be 
employed. As to the Quarter Masters Accounts for the last year, 


daring which he acted in that department himself: those Accounts may 
be examined in the War Office, if no pro|>er person will undertake it. 

I now beg leave to refer your Excellency to the letter I had the honor 
to address to you on the 17th. relative to the situation of the Point of 
Fork. It becomes daily more necessary that some regulations should 
be taken respecting that Post, and Captain Peyton has been waiting 
some time for the ultimate determination of government. 

I beg your Excellency's pardon for the length of this letter, which I 
hope may be so far confidential as not to expose me to the Ill-will of the 
Gentlemen in the departments of which I have spoken. No person has 
a more exalted opinion of their abilities and virtues than I have: They 
were of my own recommendation almost to a man, and the persons of 
whom of all others I would chuse. I am governed wholly by a regard 
to the Public interest in the representations I have made, and 
have the honor to be, with the highest respect 

Your Excellency's Most Obed't 

and very humble Servant." 



Petition of Josiah Cantz a citizen of Georgia, to the Governor July 80th 

OF Va. 

Praying to be allowed the benefit of the Law in regard to registering 
slaves on the part of persons coming into the State with such property — 
Ileiiad failed through the absence of the Clerk of the (Jounty in the 
militia, and the neglect of the District Judge to register his slaves, when, 
being driven out of Georgia, he had come to Virginia — lie also prays for 
permission to sell two slaves to discharge certain debts incurred, as his 
purpose is to return to his homo in the south at once. Names of slaves — 
Jack, Scipio, Jerry, Daphne, Elsy, Aggy, Kesiah, Creshia, &v. 


Colo. Thos: Posey to Gov'r IIarrison. 

Asking relief in behalf of the officore of the Virginia Line — Refers to 
the difficulty they had in getting money or supplies when first ordered 
to join the Southern Army — Through Mr. Ross* kindness certificates for 
a moderate amount of money ha<l been negociated, which however were 
of little avail in the long journey they ha<l, and the country to which 
they marched. Genl: Green's difficulties an<l misfortunes had prevented 
his receiving any funds for paying off his Army uj) to this date — This 
rendered their own condition very uncomfortable, CKpccially with the 
sickness arising out of the fatigues and exposures of the campaign in 
Ge(»rgia. The evacuation of Savannah occured on the 11th inst., at 
which time an arrangement had been entered into between the State 


July 80th 



1782. and certain British morcbants, by consent of Genl : Wayne, by which 
July 30th goods could be purchased of them — The sufferings of the officere had 
induced him to contract with these merchants for Goods to bo paid for 
in Tobacco to the amount of 113986 lbs.; for which he became person- 
ally responsible, and which is to be delivered to them at Richmond Va, 
on the first day of Dec: ensuing. In view of all the circumstances, the 
sufferings of the officers, their distance from home, and this being their 
only dependance for support, he appeals to the Executive of a stAte 
that heretoforj never disregarded the wants of her troops, when it was 
possible to supply them, to take steps to deliver the above amount of 
Tobacco as required, to be deducted afterwards from the pay of the 
officers. Having become responsible for its delivery his honor is at 
stake; and if it can be done in no other way, he suggests that the Gov- 
ernment issue certificates in favor of the officers for the amount of 
tobacco, made receivable with the Planters. Capts: Scott and Parker 
are charged with the duty of waiting on his Excellency in this matter. 
If money could be sent out to him at once, almost all the eighteen 
months' men whose times expire in September, would engage for the 
war. Concludes "The fatigues of the campaign, together with sickness 
has reduced my corps about twenty men, nearly the half of which was 
kill'd in action — Nearly the one half of my men and officers are at this 
time in the hospittle, many of which are dangerously ill. Lt: Barbour 
is ded" &c ****** 

JulySlat Col: John Hull to the Governor. 

Northum- Urging the sending a sufficient quantity of arms and ammunition to 
berland i\^q County, exposed as the people are "to the will of the wretched 
infamous crew of plundering barge-men." The Comra: of War had 
ordered fifty muskets and a small quantity of ammunition, but this 
small number of arms will not suffice for "the five or six hundred mili- 
tia" they have. The county is defenceless against the enemy, two of 
whose barges are now " in the river with about twenty white men & as 
many negroes in each, frequently on shore destroying almost every 
thing within their power." Col: Gaskins had long ago resigned his 
commission and the next officer in command has been ill, so that the 
people had been left much unprotected. 

July 31st Col: Arthur Campbell to Gov: Harrison. 

Washington ^" ^J ^^^^ ^^ your Excellency I conveyed some intelligence respect- 

Co. ing the temper of the seceding Cherokees, and the measures adopted in 
N. Carolina to subdue them. This day I received the enclosed Letter 


from the Agent of Indian Affairs, and hope it will reach you by a speedy 1782. 
conveyance, that your Excellency may be enabled to give such orders July Slst 
to Colo: Martin in time, as may be needful. 

It is with pleasure, I reflect that the Ideas of conciliation the Execu- 
tive lately adopted is likely to have the most happy effects, in saving 
not only the Southwestern frontiers of this state, from the annoyance 
of a very troublesome enemy: but will give peace to the frontiers of 
three more Southern states. 

None of the goods ordered for the use of the Indians are yet come to 
hand: those and as large an addition as possible of the most needed 
articles of cloathing would come most opportunely after the delivery of 
our captives. Col: Wm. Christian, who is the first Commissioner under 
General Greenes' appointment to Treat &c., will, I expect give further 
information on this subject. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's 

very respectful & most obedient Servt — 

Col: Joseph Martin's Letter enclosed. 

Long Island y*r 28th July, 1782. 


Since my last to you by James Parberry, Springston has come in 
with Two prisoners, one a woman of about thirty years old Taken from 
Green River, five children Taken with her, who are yet in Chickamogga. 
her husband & his father weare Both Kiird. his name was Stanley. 
The other a boy of about ten y^ars, son to Thos: Steward, who was 
kiird going down the River with Colo. Donoldson. Old Judge friend 
with the approbation of all the warriors of Chickamaugga have sent 
me a string of white Beads. Requesting I will take hold of them k 
meet them in Chota by ye 14th next month then and there I shall receive 
all the prisoners — that if I Request it he & as many of his Warriers as 
I will Direct will Come in with me & go to any place I shall Direct & 
Bottle a peace to the satisfaction of the Governors of Virginia and N. 
Carolina. I shall sett off on Wednesday next, shall be much oblige to 
you if you be so good as to send Immediately to the governor, as ho 
may Send & Direct in what manner to proceed. I hope you will con- 
trive matters so as to get an answer from him by the time I Return 
from the nation with the prisoners — the ammunition &c ordered by Gov- 
ernment I can hear nothing off, the Indians oflen applying. I dont 
know what to say to them, they are greatly Distressed for every neces- 
sary of life. Could Government assist them by any means, I think 
never in a better time. 

I am S'r, your most obedt. Servt. 

Col : Campbell, adds, " I cannot get the powder from Bedford for want 
of money to pay the waggoner." 


1782. W. Armhtead to Col: Davies. 

In behalf of Mr. Francis Ratliffe, the shoriif of the Co. and the col- 
lector for Blesnland Parish, New Kent. He has been drafted for mili- 
tary duty in the Garrison at York, and is willing to resign his place as 
collector &c., but his securities having been given and being in the midst 
of his duties as such, cannot do so now — Ho has applied to the F^xecu- 
tive but "was informed they had nothing to do with it" — "The answer 
is short but not satisfactory" — He takes the liberty to ask his advice in 
the matter, in as much as if Mr. Ratliffe is forced to leave the business 
he is now engaged in, both he and his securities must be ruined — 

Levin Joynes informs the Governor, he is waiting on his Excellency 
"for an order on the Commercial Agent for Five Thousand pounds of 
Tobacco, voted by the General Assembly in their May Session 1780, to 
each of the Virginia Officers then prisoners of war," among whom he 
was one, and was "named in the vote." 

August ist Col: Tiios: Newton to Col: Davies. 

Norfolk Requests to be furnished with a copy of the "Act" for establishing a 

Lighthouse on Cape Henry. "The dutys are not paid for want of it." 
Unless some mode is "fallen upon to ^e more strict with Flags the tirade 
of the Country must bo ruin'd." Calls particular attention to the abuse 
of permitting "some mercenary men among us" to ship Staves &c. in 
them — allowing them to take tobacco is bad enough, but this additional 
privilege should at once be put a stop to. The "Flags" at Burwell's 
have had staves sent to them notwithstanding the guard it there. Con- 
cludes, "I am really sick of the times & hope they will mend soon." 

August 1st Samuel Overton informs Col: Davies of his determination to resign 

Point of his position as Commissary of the Post, in as much as he is not paid for 

^^ his services: will endeavor to supply the place with provisions a short 

time longer, but feai*s he will not be able to do so — as he can do nothing 

without money, he is "obliged to quit the public employ." 

August l8t GnA8: Dick TO Col: Davies. 

Fredericks- He would gladly send the arms required to the County Lieuts: but 
hurg has not the means. Regrets the number repaired is so small, but "the 


want of Pay and Scarcity of Bread" makes the men "work with no 1782. 
Heart," and as they are now labouring "for nothing" he dares not insist August 1st 
upon their doing much more. In regard to the Mill Place, he thinks the 
A.MSomhly should take it upon paj'ing its valuation, for Public use as is 
done in other States. Repeats the absolute want of bread or flour and 
begs he may be supplied "Some how or other." Has rec'd 650 lbs Bacon 
from Culpeper. Th want of money deprives him of many articles 
necessary to the operations of the works, Lead for proving gun-barrels, 
and Bolsters for Ale-cutting. The magazine is almost finished ; the upper 
room for small arms 28 feet square, and will hold all the Small arms 
until wanted; the under part is vaulted for ammunition, and fire-proof 
except against lightening. If necessary he will put up a "Franklin." 
"His zeal for the State" makes him thus minute in his suggestions &c. 

Capt: John Peyton to Col: Davies. August Ist 

The Post nearly out of provisions, having consumed all the " specific Point of 
supplys" in the neighboring counties. There are a good many beeves 
in Buckingham Co. belonging to the state in the hands of certain per- 
sons who refuse to give them up. If these were made available the 
workmen engaged under Mr. Ford and Mr. Clark could be supplied until 
they could complete the buildings now going up. Mr. Overton, the 
( •ommi.ssary says flour may be had by Sending for it to Albemarle Old 
C. House or Buckingham — 

Rd: Yarborouoh to Col: Davies. August ist 

Representing the great scarcity of flour and the difficulty 'transacting Dinwiddle 
the business of his District, "there appearing a kind of opposition in 
almost every person" he has to do with. 

Col: Geo: Corbin to Col: Davies. August 2d 

In regard to sending for the troops at York for the defence of the Onancock, 
Eastern Shore. Although the situation over there "is truly disagree- ^^^' 
able," they do not desire the government to extend any relief which 
which might thereby injure the public good: and he has only to request 
a continuance of his kind eflPorts in procuring for that "exposed and 
distressed country" an equal share of protection with the other parts 
of the state — 


1782. Sir John Peyton to Col: Wm. Da vies. 

August 2d 
Glo'ster Co. Acknowledging receipt of a supply of muskets and flints. Will give 

return of the Arms in the County as soon as practicable — Five hundred 
stand had been distributed to the militia at different times: but part of 
these having been on dut}' at York Town, all the public arms in their 
hands, and "eighty private guns" after the capitulation, were detained." 
Very few of the latter remain in the county, he having collected a very 
large number which passed into the hands of othei's besides the Glou- 
cester Troops — He is anxious to hear something from the Governor 
"respecting the inhabitants of Gwyn*s Island, as "they are a notorious 
set and deserve to be punished." 

August 2d ** We the President & Professors of the College of William & Mary do 

Wm. & certify his Excellency the Governor, that wo have examined Samuel 

r n ^^^^ Taylor, & that having found him properly qualified, we do nominate 

him to the office of Surveyor of the County of Cumberland. Given 

under our Hands & the Seal of our said College, this 2d day of August 


J. MADISON, Preset, 

August 2d Elliott Sturman to the Governor. 

"May it please j'our Excellency 
Tappahan- I think it my duty to acquaint you that 

nock Essex ^ gpirit prevails on this River, which if not averted to must be attended 
with dangerous & ruinous consequences to the State ; for if I am not 
supported in the Authority of my office, Government must fall short of 
their expectations in the Revenue proposed from the collection of Duties 
on imported Goods and Tonnage. 

Your Excellency may remember that I laid before you on Sunday last 
certain letters &c. which I had taken from the Flag Brig Charming 
Jenny, in consequence of our Information on suspicion that British 
Goods had been imported — in my pursuit after this Brig, I met with a 
Schooner at Fredericksburg from Maryland, laden with Salt, having in 
the first instance obtain'd from the office in Maryland a permit to go only to 
Baltimore, and came hero. She then ))assed the office on Rappa'nk and 
had sold a part of her Salt. Having ibund from experience long ago, 
the only way to do the Publick Justice, would and must be, a Strict & 
Impartial Execution of my Duty, and knowing the Maryland crafl to 



be remarkable for evading their dutyiea, 1 bad "determined to make 1782. 
cxampleH of them, & therefore without hesitation seized this schooner, August 2d 
and libelled her in the Court of Admiralty; having secured the Sails, 
and ordered the cargo of Salt to be landed. As one Shelton, in whom I 
could confide, was there, I gave him the care of the Vessel and Sails. 

This, joined with (what they term) my assurance in searching the 
flag, incensed the people of Fredericksburg to such a Degree, that a 
mob was instantly raised, and the Sails taken from on board the Sloop, 
by violence. Luckily for Shelton ho was not on board, or him they 
would have either murdered or treated badly, but the former its said 
was resolved on. The ring Leadei*s, it is hinted, were men of note in 
Fredericksburg (Mr. William Harvey merch*t & Mr. Samuel Eoddey 
raerct. & Alderman of the Town), in the cellar of the latter it is said 
the Salt is stored — however of this we have no Proof — One Bingy, a 
Ship Carpenter was unwillingly led into this measure & Capt: Shelton 
says, confesses himself one of the mob — I would on information of the 
Salt's being in Roddoy's warehouse, have gone and searched it, but salt 
is of such a nature that no discovery could have been made from its 
peculiarity, therefore I think it better to wait for bettor Authority, 
being determined to hazard every thing to have the Law enforced, but 
the mercantile Interest is so great on this Eiver, that every effort proves 
ineffectual — 

I am Your Excellency's 
most obed't and very humble servant." 

CoLO. Henry Lee to Col: Wm. Davies. 
''Dear Sir, 

Understanding that by an Act of the last Assembly the Vir- 
ginians of my Legion are unequivocally declared entitled to an equal 
share of emoluments &c., with their fellow Soldiers; I take the liberty 
to trouble you for information how to proceed for the procuring to the 
Officers & Soldiers the certificates issued to compensate for depreciation 
& to make up deficient wages. Be pleased to be plain & full in your 
answer. It will give mo pleasure to obey any commands which the 
vicissitudes of life may render convenient for you to request & me capa- 
ble to perform. 

Subjoin all news, we have accounts of the arrival of the fii-st divis- 
ion of the French fleet, off Sandy hook (14 sail of the line) & we also 
hear that Charlestown & Savannah are evacuated — It is in your way to 
know the authenticity of these reports. Accept my best wishes for 
your health & happiness. 

I have the honor to be, 

with great respect & regard 

your humble Servant" 

August 2d 






August 2d 


Thos: Anderson to the Governoe. 

Declining to accept the appointment of "Commissionor for settling & 
adjusting the Titles of clairaers to unpatented lands, within the District 
of Washington & Montgoracr)^," and recommending "Mr. Joshua Fry 
of Albemarle, a young Gentleman of good Education and well acquainted 
with the Law and of good Fame," as a proper person. It being neces- 
sary that some one should attend at new River on the day appointed, the 
2d of next month, in place of Mr. Innes, of Mr. Fry*8 appointment be 
sent to him, he will see that it be delivered at once — 

August 3d Col: Davies desires of the Executive instructions as to the movements 
War Office of Genl : Spotswood's Legions — By an order in Council, provisions for 
one of that officer's legions were directed to be laid in at Goode*s Bndge 
by the 1st September next: but he observes that Genl: Spotswood adver- 
tises that by the Governor's Orders, that legion is required to meet on 
the 13th of the present month — 

August 3d 


Capt: Chas: Snead, 5th Va. Regt: to Col: Davies. 

Enquiring whether he is still an "officer in the Virginia line or not." 
At the time the officers were ordered to meet, he was a prisoner of war — 
the officer for whom he was to be exchanged was taken sick and did 
not roach New York, in consequence of which he was paroled. Being 
anxious to remain in the service he had been to Philadelphia, at great 
trouble and ex pence, to make enquirj', but could get no satisfaction — 
After his return, he "had the mollification to hear" he was superceded, 
for which reason he has not joined his corps. If this is true he "hopes 
such an act of injustice will be undone," that be may rejoin his command 
as soon as possible. 

August 3d 

Wm. Russell to Gov: Hareison. 

In the Cause in the Couilof Admiralty of Va. between Charles Simms 
& othei's Libeihints & Colburn Barrell, Respondent^ for trial of the "Flag 
Sloop Good-Intent," the sloop was declared forfeited, and ordered to be 
sold. Whereupon the said Barrell moved the Court for an appeal from 
this sentence — The Court postponed entering the Appeal, until the 
return of Sale, when final sentence would bo passed — Mr. Barrell, asked 
leave of the Executive to go to Philadelphia & to take his servant Silas, 
a negro slave, with him. 



Benj: Hart to Gov: Harbison. 

Thanking him for his good opinion, and exempting him from the 
charge of complicity with a certain outrage committed on another ves- 
Bel by some escaped prisoners from the Brig Maria in Hampton Hoads — 
He will do all in his power to bring the perpetrators to punishment. 
His own Seamen, on his last voyage to New York having been pressed 
into the British Service by Admiral Digby, their places were supplied 
by the American Seamen from the Prison Ships to whom he had advanced 
five guineas pr: man, all of whom, in violation of the articles of agree- 
ment had now left him, and having no men to navigate his vessel requests 
permission to sell her — 

August dd 

Thos: Butler resigns his commission in the militia because of ^^Indis- August 4th 
position " and of his " wanting a few months of being fifty years of King'tn 
age." Colls: Hickman and Brook had also resigned — Oounty 

Capt: John Peyton to Col: Da vies. 

Accepting the appointment of superintendent, as before indicated, as 
the salary meets his expectations. Should employ a competent clerk — 
Desires instructions as to the clothing to be made — Suggests an exchange 
with Col : Febiger, of the Artificers, as they will make poor soldiers in 
the field — The arms and military stores, can be received in "the long 
house^^ until a proper magazine can be erected at a safe place for them. 

August 4th 

Point of 

Saml: Dyer to Col: Davies. 

Informing him of his having handed over to Capt: Peyton, as ordered, 
the stores at that Post. In retiring from the position, of which he is 
now relieved, he returns at length bis grateful acknowledgments to Col: 
Davies and the Executive for the high consideration in which they 
appear to have held him, and adds "it will be ray principal study to 
merit a continuance of their appreciation," which to a young man, who 
has nothing but his "character and his profession" is a source of "the 
greatest satisfaction " &c &c — 

August 4th 

Point of 




1782. Capt: David Hopkins to Col: Da vies. 

August 5th 

Baltimore Having understood, "that tho long litigate 1" contest in reganl to tlio 
majonty** between him and Capt: Swann, had been decided in favour ol" 
the latter, by the Court of officers, he asks for a list of the Offieei-s com- 
posing the Court, and the rules upon which they had acted — He should 
appeal to the Commander in Chief — 

August 6th Col: Arthur Campbell writes to Col: Davies, that he has "contirnia- 
Washington tion of the intelligence of tho peaceable disposition of the seceding part 
^' of the Cherokees **on the southern branches of the Tennessee, or Cher- 
okee River, just received by Capt: John Looney ^^ who was captivated 
last March'' — "that they had collected all the prisoners they had taken, 
"about 50 in number," at "Chota" with the view of delivering them to 
Col : Martin. After this a deputation of Chiefs was to attend any where, 
and tho whole nation was prepared to make peace on any terms. The 
Commission appointed by Genl: Green, might receive the Prisoners, and 
hold ^^ Talks,'' but in view of the approaching "treaty" some expense 
must be incurred; and it might be wise to order the Chiefs to Richmond, 
He is particularly "anxious about this business" as an opportunity is 
now offoured, by which not only future quiet is to be established fi*oni 
that powerful Tribe, but they may be made serviceable to American 
interests by their trade and assistance — To secure this he recommends 
that the goods promised be forwarded with despatch, with which to 
begin trade with the nation — The arrival of Capt: Looney had inspire<l 
every one with confidence in the sincerity of the Indians, and would 
most probably induce the Carolinians to abandon their expedition. 

August 6th Edmd. Randolph, Atty: Genl: to Gov: Harrison. 

"Peltus" Not arriving at Richmond until the afternoon of Saturday, 1 did 

not receive your Excellency's note of the 30th ult: before that day. 

Surely the importation of british subjects, if they be designated by 
the term ^^ enemies'' was an offence in the flag, unless there should be 
some apology for so doing, not communicated to me. 

But I know not any punishment, pecuniary or corporal, denounce<l 
against such an act. These british subjects indeed, if unauthonzed to 
return to Virginia, may be treated, I presume as enemies. 

But if by the term ''^enemies" be meant, persons suspected of treason, 
it seems allowable, that a flag may bring them to the country. Thej' 
are citizens supposed to be innocent until conviction, and are at libert}' 
to risque themseves upon a trial for life or death. It would sound 


strange then, if the bringing of a culprit, who has a right to return, 
should be punishable. 

I fear too that no law can be found animadverting on the owner of a 
flag who went in her to New York. I have often thought that these 
cases deserved legislative attention. At present, I can only say that 
they appear to be wholly omitted, unless some aiding or comforting can 
be proved. 

I have the honor. Sir, to be with respect 

yr: Excellency's mo: ob: Sevt — 

The note referred to above. 

" The Governor begs the Attorney General to give him his opinion 
whether a vessel sent with a flag from this Country to New York, and 
owned by a citizen, can with propriety bring back the Enemies of it as 
passengers, if not, what can be done with the vessel and Captain. Also 
what steps can be taken to punish one of the owners for going to New 
York in the vessel without leave, some of the passengers were taken 
at York Town, and are on parole, but one or two of them were not 
there, and under no parole" — 


August 6th 

Wm. McCraw, Commb. to Col: Wm. Davies. 

August 6th 

Having observed his Advertisement in the "Gazette," recalling all Peyt^msburg 
"Exemptions from military duty," calls his attention to the previous 
orders on this Subject, in which the following language is used "Those 
however to whom you have made promises of exemption, must be 
exempted, as I would have the faith of every efficer inviolably preserved." 
Insists that great trouble and inconvenience will follow upon this implied 
breach of faith towards the artificers and others, if the proposed policy 
be enforced. 

Thos: Anderson to Col: Davies. 

August 6th 

Requesting instructions as to the disposal of the public flour on hand Buckingham 
in that County; also of six boxes of cannon Cartridges, which being in ^^* 
a damp cellar may soon be damaged. Takes occasion to inform him that 
one John Marshal], late of Louisa Co., a Scotchman, had died leaving a 
large Estate, and "without heir or next of kin," but that Kob't Hart of 
SiK)tsylvania administered on this estate, on pretence of being a creditor 
of Marshall &c. If proper enquiries be made, it will bo found that Hart 
unjustly retains possession of the property, which of right should escheat 
to the State. David Anderson of Hanover, his brother, if communicated 
with can possibly give some information in this matter, he having been 
'^ connected with Marshall in Trade" and knows all about it." 


1782, Robt. Jones informs Col: Da vies of the Collectors having executed the 

August 7th Law for collecting the two pr: cent tax for Soldiers "bounties and 
Sussex Co. making the draft in the County, under the act of 1780, but the Enemy 
came upon them soon after and threw everything into Confusion. Since 
that time having received no orders, he requests instructions what to 
do, especially as to disposing of several barrels of Brandy which "escaped 
the British," by having been removed to "private Houses." 

August 7th Thos: Jktt to Col: Da vies. 

Wesimore- Acknowledging receipt of his "Circular of the 29th ult:" and regrets 
to hear of the sufferings of the Garrison at York ; but has not collected 
a penny in money in the five Counties of his District & it will be impossi- 
ble to furnish provisions to Mr. Robinson, as wagons are not to be had, 
and the expence of carrying corn and bacon will exceed their value. 
Recomends they be sold for money or tobacco. Has on hand 15 hhds: 
tobacco ready for delivery on Mr. Hay's order. Has re*d 120 bushels 
Salt from Col : Gaskins & is now stored at Leeds Town. The cattle col- 
lected he has ordered to be sold, the officers of the Beef dep't having 
such large salaries, little will remain for the State. Large losses in corn 
sold at too low prices. 

August 8th Wm. Ronald to Col: Wm. Da vies. 

Powhatan In behalf of Wm. Davis a soldier from that County who having been 
^' badly wounded at the battle of the "Cowpens" is thereby unable to 
perform military duty. Being liable to be aiTes*ted as a deserter, or 
required to be. enrolled in the militia, he desires to be exempted entirely 
from military service — He has been in "twenty five actions" and but 
for his wounds would now be in the Army — 

August 9th Col: Thos: Newton jr: to the Governor. 

Norfolk Setting forth the necessity of more vigilance, in regani to the conduct 
of "Flag vessels" — When allowed to repair damages they should be 
under some responsible officer, and not allowed to employ workmen 
whose known sympathies were inimical to the State, and who could 
give much information to its enemies — Urges the exchange of Colo. 
Thoroughgood of Princess Anne Co. who was "an active spirited Offi- 
cer" and the "life of that County"— 

Many reAigees out in the Swamps are anxious to come in — The gene- 
ral opinion is if a pardon were offered to all but them, and a reward 
given to arrest "Levi Sikes & Robt. Stewart the great offenders," the 
whole nest would be broken up, &c. 



Col: Rob Cowpsr to the Governor. 



Tbe state Troops left this place two days ago. We are left in a bad 
situation, as most of the militia of this County was Paroled by Corn- 
wallis, and delivered up their Arms, if its* consistent I should be Glad 
we could be supply'd with sixty stand " * * * 

Commodore Bari'on can inform you more particularly of the neces- 
sity, as we are subject to the Depredations of the enemy every Day*' — 

I am Sir, yr. mo: Obdt. H'ble Servt*' 

August 9th 


Wm. McCraw to Col: Da vies. 

August 9th 

Urging the necessity of further exemption from military service in Peyti»nsburg 
the field for his "Artificers*' employed under contract, in making Can- 
teens for the Southern Army. He has 2200 engaged on the faith of 
this exemption, the removal of which will in future ever prevent his 
being able to hire workmen on any terms. Col: Carrington writes 
from the Army, that canteens are necessary in that sickly country." 

Francis Willis jnr: to the Governor. 

August 9th 

Acknowledging receipt of his appointment as Commissioner to csti- Qloucester 
mate the losses suffered along the Chesapeake and its tributaries by the ^* 
inhabitants, at the hands of the enemy &c. Asks for more explicit 
instructions as to his duties &c. 

Edm'd Randolph to the Gtovernor. 

August 9th 


Five suitB in which one La Croix, a French Subject, is plaintiff and »*Peltus»s" 
some of the Justices of Accomack County, Defendants, are depending 
in the general court &c.'* * * * :^ :^ ^ 

The cause of action is a charge against them of partiality in the 
execution of their office. Mr. Luzerne wrote to Mr. Jefferson during his 
administration, urging him to quicken the decision of these causes. He » 
applied to me, and transmitted my answer to the Chevalier. I was 
sorry to inform him, that the event of these trials, would probably be 
contrary to the expectations of the plaintiff, from an absolute defect of 
testimony. My reasons for communicating these circumstances to your 
Excellency, is that I find from La Croix himself, that a similar remon- 


17^/ tiif%4t^'ji wlU ^M*u 1^ nir|^:aU^J i<r^ V</<j. ai0iid vbcoi it arrires. I femr I may 

Aa^«^ <^ ^)i#; »f^«MrfU, \Ui nuUtrtamkU^y beii«(fTeft thjit the dispensaitiaii of Jastiee 

Ui VtfifUiiA, h 'rai|i»J>l<f fff \f^ft^ nrutlert4 imbservient to Tiew8 of policy. 

I liave the honor to he Sir, 

with grcmt re^i^peet 
yr: Excellency'n mo: ob: ServU^' 

AunmiUih Capt: J ah: Maxwell to Col: Wm. Da vies. 

** (Utrmori^ni In wrmwcr to your« by the Bearer, beg to inform you, that Mr. Soap 

tinic, (Hwo\Hi) UiiH been a State Xaval Surgeon, from almost the earliest com- 
nien^'cnient of our navy, and in which capacity he was also on board the 
JetfiiHMin the 27tli of April when Arnold A tack 'd the shiping at Coxes- 
dale; where the Lieut: of that Vessel did all that a brave oflScer could 
do, and finding nhe must fall, set fire to her & under cover of the smook, 
brought of his people, and the Brig soon after bl«w up." 

I am respectfully &c. 
Your Tfio: Humble Servant. 

••I do (certify that Doct. Swope acto<l as a Surgeon in the Virginia 
navy In 177fi & 1779 — In which capacity I paid him at sundry times. 

F. WEBB, Jne. 

late Paymaster to navy. 

Auuunt lOih Hioiri) (traham to Col: Da vies. 

IhMulVioii Uoporting the state of collections of "specifics" in his District. He 
JH about tt» send otV a ('art with the clothing from Fairfax and Lou<lon, 
and will send in the money as soon as collected — 

The Hueon has been orilei*ed to Dumfrees, (Colchester and Alexandria 
In time lUr the Fivnch Troops, hoping they would purt*hase the whole 
of it» but they took only enough for the waggoners. The wheat at 
Alexandria **has the tly it it" and could not bo ground, "the mills being 
all drv. He had since sohl it ami a hundreil bushels left at '^Genl: 
Washingtons v^ Mr. (iilpin*s mill. A few beeves may be had for the 
Factory at Fixnlericksburg, ami S4»me estray at Mr. Cttstts & Mr. Fitz- 
hugh's t^uuHers shall U* indlei^teil — 

Uo ha!< bwn \s> Alexaudrta io have a settlement with Mr. Hendricks 
the iVuunissioiier, but ho retus^nl totlo anything in the matter, saying ho 
had luavle a r\^turu of what he had rvciL to the State. It is said mo^t 
\\t* the gmiii ixvlKHl^Hl was sidd to the French by Mr. Hendncksy which 
eaiis^y^ vHHU|d^iit lu Fairtkx — the matter should be looker! ialo. He K f^ 


rec'd seven good hhds: Tobacco from llio CoinmiBsioiicrs, which have 1782. 
been delivered to Messrs. Ilunter & Allison, to account pf Mr. Hay C. A. August 10th 
Every effort, shall be made to bring to a settlement all the Commissioners 
in his district, but finds it a * tedious troublesome business" — He has in 
vain tried to get a settlement with those of* Stafford and Loudoun, for 
the years 1780 & 81. 

Capt: John Peyton informs Col: Davies, he shall proceed to transport August 10th 
the Arms up from Westham in canoes as soon as the river rises suffi- Point of 
ciently, and Capt: Young's wagons on their return that way, may bring 
up some as "back-loads." 

He will endeavor to employ some person who can repair arms, as 
soon as possible, and requests that a few men and some tools may be 
sent up with the first arms that come. 

A visit from Mr. Robertson the Contractor, is much wished for: unless 
he makes his appearance soon "we shall be under the necessity of plun- 
dering for our rations" & G — d knows that will be a bad speculation in 
Fluvanna where the Inhabitants are likely to starve themselves." 

James Hendricks in reply to Col: Davies. August llth 

Informs him the remainder of the Cartridge Boxes referred to, are in Alexandria 
the hands of the State Armorer at Annapolis, under the control of the 
Governor t)f Maryland — Requests to be informed whether those oflScers 
who remained in Service after the money had depreciated had had cer- 
tificates given them, and if he is not entitled to some allowance on this 
account — He was a Major up to August 1776 — recv. Lieut: Col's Com- 
mission and held this rank until Sept : 1777. when he was appointed 
Colonel, and resigned in March 1778. 

Maj: Genl Natul: Greene to Gov: Harrison of Va. August 12th 


Your Letter of the 8th of July reporting an Act of the Virginia "Head 

Assembly, I have lateh' had the honor to receive. , . S^r^^fJ?, 

, t n I 1 . o r. T AshbyHill" 

The plan proposed for the completion of your Line, I think a very South 

good one: and as it materially concerns the honor and interest of the Carolina 
State to carry it into execution, I am persuaded your Excellency will 
exert all the powers of Government to effect it. 

You appear to be impressed with proper notions of public good, and 
have a clear and distinct idea of the advantages resulting from an atten- 
tion to the interests of the Army. 


1782. Neither the change of MiniBtry nor the paasive conduct of the Enemy 

August 12th ought to induce a relaxation of our exertions at this important crisis: — 
bold and decissive measures will destroy the hopes of conquest, and in 
a little time will secure and establish that freedom for which wo have 
been so long struggling. On the other hand, inattention and supine- 
ness, if they should gain the ascendency, will inevitably destroy our 
prospects, and ruin our hopes. The present moment is precious to our 
views if properly improved: — to secure a peace we must prepare for 

A variety of circustances concur to induce a belief that the Enemy 
will evacuate this Country in the course of a few weeks. Great prepara- 
tions are making at Charlestown, a number of transports have arrived, 
and many of the Adherents to the British Government are about to 
i migrate to East Florida. # 

Desertion prevails very much among the Enemy, and a general dis- 
content has taken place among the Tory Party. A proclamation has 
been issued by order of Genl: Leslie, desiring such as chose to go to 
St. Augustine to give in their names and all others who wished to depart 
to any particular place in the Country or else where, to make their inten- 
tions known, that steps may be taken to accommodate their views and 
wishes: — at the same time asserting the expected evacuation of this 

Should this happy event take place, it will be an important advantage 
to all the Southern States; they have long groaned under the weight 
of oppression, and have suffered as much as they can well bear. 
With sentiments of the highest esteem and respect, 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and 
most humble Servant." 

A tl2th Foster Webb Jnr: certifies that John Swope received from the Treas- 
ury Twenty five pounds, in November 1776, "for the use of the Sloop 
Liberty, Cap : Brooke, by warrant from the naval Board." 

Ausru8tl2th Petition of Stephen Allen, under sentence of death for Horse-Stealing 
Cumberland (^^^^^sing testimonials to his previous good standing,) praying the inter- 
Co. ference of Executive Clemency in his behalf 


uhe ^Shh Jiuie ten ^j:i\nf fie^c^ — ^He hi^ ftlrvair ^o^^g^ :& ptenoa to^ 
repair .'§»>iBe oif the Lesy$c <i»iiuft$ed arms^ Oo^ of 3S# therv is^ ooot oit«^ 
& ti>r ^errk^r b««iies thfei», there ar« miu j o^i KAes^ obo^ worth ntpttix^ 
bur whit'^ he shall :$ell — He ha^ Kttle or moae of the S]pee£tl«» or the 
I%crict *Hi hM»L €ol: Amuunrs tr«)op» haTin^eoatHuawd thinn ftH helji>re 
h^ letter srriTed: neiaifin^ ;^ the Bisere^ eodeetiML e3[l^^ » ^w i»^ 
hj- the isilrtia oa dotj in the w%»t. Aiter the meeltii^ of the Beait CV 
C<Mirt on the 3>th Angot^. he c:ia nLnke & eocrect report — Up t^ <late^ 
he hM» only r«ceiT«d ** tire :$hilliiig*i C:ii»h ** — 

Caft: H. TfMnra t» thx Crotkmnm. 

- 1 mm r«qafisted bj Mr. Slarvan to iaibrm Towr £xe«UMMfj^ thait 

the Sah Iftnd^ firom the Scho^xier he isetieii mud Hkelkd. Cftii he piOTed 
to be in Mr. Roddej*:^ wmrehoos^e. and that there ts the greateel prohtiH 
bilitj of a dL^coTerr. a;» the people in Frederieksbar^ are deeld^ aiftd 
daily disputing oo the ^abj^cC Mr. Roddey lires in Fr«derich»bar$ Jk 
Ls an Alderman — 

I am with dae r«6p«cl 
Your Serrnt ^' — 

£d*?(d Rakholph to thk Gotibxok. A^tpist I3:ih 


The parts of Mr. Starman's letter which respect the Court of Admi- ^«'F»lH»V'' 
rally, belong to the department of a different gentleman from the attor> 
ney general. I mean the advocate of that court. 

Bat I remember to have heani Col: Innes say that he intended to 
libel the Maryland vessel and her cargo: and indeed I saw Mr. Stur> 
man's instructions to that affect. 

How far the flag-ship has forfeiteti her immunities and has become 
liable to seizure or condemnation, the letter of Mr. Sturman does not of 
itself enable me to determine. I drea4i attacks on flags of truce unless 
the proof is strong and pointed: and light suspicion alone as yet appears. 
Not having seen the acts of the last session, I cannot say in which case^ 
britisb goods are forieitable merely as such. But if I am not misinformed, 
the act upon that subject is not in force at this early day. As to the 
riot, I shall write to Mr. Sturman for the particulars of it: and shall 
take those measures for punishing it, which fall within my office. 

I have the honor Sir^ to be 

yr: Excellency's mo: ob: Sevt** 



1782. Genl: A. Spotswood to the (toterivor. 


** Bowling Admitting he bad made a mistake in ordering the 2d Legion ^^to ren- 

P 1- "^ ' devous at Goode's Bridge." He has sent a horseman with orders to Col : 

Mead at that station to repair to the Bowling Green, bat if possible he 

would prefer they should remain where thev are, in as much as Col: 

Mead can the sooner assemble the men in the Counties from which he 

recruited them &c. 

Aogust 13th Richd : Yarbrough informs Col : Davies he had already communicated 
Dinwiddle with Col : Mead at Goode's Bridge, with orders upon Colo. Booker to 
furnish him with all necessary supplies and forage, a sufficiency of which 
he is assured is within a few miles of that place. The want of trans- 
portation alone can produce disappointment in the matter. He will 
however he in Amelia himself soon. 


August 13th Colo. Wm. Peachy to Chas: Dick. 

Bichmond Informing him Colo. Davies had, while he was at Richmond in the 
County (Jenl: Assembly, agreed to give him an order for one hundred stand of 
arms, with flints &c. for the use of his County but in the hurry &c. conse- 
quent upon the breaking up of the Assembly he had forgotten to call for 
the order. Having learned however that an order had been sent to 
Fredericksburg to furnish the counties of the Northern Neck with arms 
&c., he writes now to request that the number indicated will be sent to 
Col: Leroy Peachy the Co. Lieut of Richmond as soon as possible, **for 
a dozen good firelocks would be the most that cou'd be found in the 
Hands of the Militia of the County,'' which in now "too open to the 
ravages of those piratical plunderers, not to be in some State of defence. 

AuguBtl3th J. Madison Jnr: Theod. Bland Jnr: and A. Lke to Gov: Harrison 

OF Virginia. 

Fhiladelphis We have been honor'd with your ExceH'y's of the 1st ol Augt. 1782. 

We have taken the liberty of conversing with the Secy, at war, on that 
part of your letter concerning the works at York Town. That Gentm. 
expressed his surprise at the misinformation you must have rec*d of his 
conduct of the affair, and with a wish to undeceive you, has favor*d us 
with a copy of the instructions he gave concerning the Works, together 
with a letter addressed to us on the subject, both which we have tht:^ 
honor of inclosing to your Excellency. 


li*- *t,'^tt •>. 


No material event has taken place, since we had the honor of writing 1782. 
to your Exceli*y by Express, when we informed you of a letter received August 18th 
from Sir Guy Carleton and Admiral Di^b}^ directed to Genl: Washing- 
ton, containing information **that Mr. Grenville was actually commis- 
sion 'd as plenipo: for adjusting a Plan of a Peace with the Belligerent 
powers, and was actually at Paris when the packet saiVd — and that the 
King of great Britain had ordered his ministers to instruct him to offer 
Independency to the thirteen Provinces in the first Instance, and not as a 
condition of the treaty — relying however with confidence that the 
Property of the Loyalists would be restored to them in America." 

Congress had ordered this letter to be published with their sense on its 
contents — which we hope to have the pleasure of transmitting to your 
Excell'y in the Paper we shall herewith enclose. 

What may be the Issue of the negotiation for a Peace, which we have 
every reason to believe is now on the Tapis, we will not venture to pre- 
dict. But we cannot help thinking that the Preliminary offer above men- 
tioned, however it may be intended by England, will have a favorable 
effect on our affairs, as it seems to remove the Principal Barrier, which 
has hitherto prevented some of the powers of Europe from recognizing 
us as an Independent nation — viz, the apprehension of giving umbrage 
to England, by such an interferance whereby they w'd have departed 
from their neutral & mediatorial characters. 

We are Informed that a great confusion prevailed among the Tories 
within the Enemies' lines, immediately on the news above-mention'd 
transpiring, ^nd it is not improbable but that the ferment it has occa- 
sioned among them, may end in measures by no means advantageous to 
our Enemies. The American Army continues at its former station — ^the 
French at Baltimore, and the F. Fleet under the command of the M. de 
Vaudviel off this Coast, where he waits to protect the Trade, and to 
afford a Convoy to such vessels as may be ready to sail in a short time, 
of which your Excell'y has no doubt been apprised by the French 

It is with pleasure we inform your Excell'y, that an attrocious and 
dangerous band of robbers, some of whom have been concerned in rob- 
bing the two last mails that were taken and in various other enormi- 
tie?4 — have been secured in this and the neighboring States, to the 
amount of above thirty and are now in close Goals, this we hope will 
give security in future to communications, as 'tis said nearly the whole 
of those concerned, who formed a line fi-om N. York to Maryland have 
been discovered and taken. 

We doubt not of your Excelly's having received satisfactory accounts 
of the evacuation of Savannah, of which Congress receiv'd yesterday 
Authentic information — we have the Honor, to be 

yr: Excelly's most obed't & very Humb: Servts" 

P. S. — Since writing the above, find the publication therein raention'd 
is not yet in the Paper, but shall endeavor to procure copy of it. 


1782. Letter in regard to the above complaint dkc. 

Augastl2th ''War Office Atig: 12th 1782. 

WarOfflce "B. Lincoln Secy: of War, to Hon: Col: Bland— (Copy) 

"My dear 8V 

I have the honor to enclose you my instructionB to Mr. 
Guion, the offleej* I sent to York Town in Virginia to remove the Con- 
tinental Rtorefl from that Port to the Head of Elk. I gave no orders to 
the French officer. I have no power to command him. I requested 
indeed, if Mr. Guion should need his aid that he would give it him. I 
also made the same request to the officer, who commanded the militia in 
York Town. I had it not in idea to destroy the works, if I had 
intended that, I must have sent a Body of men as fatigue to have accom- 
plished this business — The Governor, I think has been very precipitate 
in his deeison — I have too high a sense of his honor and Justice not to 
suppose he will be as anxious to set the matter right, as he has been to 
expose wbat he thought was an error. I hope and trust that the Gov- 
ernor will call upon the French Officer to show him my Instructions or 

I have the honor to be, &c" 

Auguitl4ih Messrs. Coulouuna & Co. to the Pres*dt of the Council of Vir- 


NanU Setting forth their claim against the state of Ya. for £85.14s.9d. for 

goods and supplies furnished since January 1781 — They had been sent 
in the "Duke of Loinster*' tiiken on her passage to Philadelphia & in 
the Franklin which arrived there safe." These good were to have been 
paid for in one year, but that time has now passed six months, and they 
beg some stops may be taken to save them from the inconveniences eon- 
sequent U(K>n this delay. Should the State in future want supplies &c 
they will l>o glad to establish with her authorities negotiations upon 
which to base a safe and economical trafie. Tobacco sent in her ow^n ves- 
sels under a Supercargo, who shall reside with them and supervise the 
management of the business will of course be the medium of their com- 
mercial transactions. Should this arrangement be made, they can only 
refer to their connections with other states, as a guaranty that, the best 
and chea|>est manulkctures shall be fVimished and upon the most advan- 
tageous terms J^c &c. 


Col : Everd : Meade informs Col : Daviea, that a small part of his Legion 1782. 
is now at this place, "totally destitute of every necessary." Thoy can- August 14ih 
not possibly be kept together utiless supplies ai*e furnished at once. His Cnrnp Hi 
Quarter Master will wait on Col: Davies and state the amount of arms, Brj^j-^ 
accoutrements and camp fixtures needed. It will be safe however to 
receipt for three hundred, he having already recruited moi'c than two 
hundred and fifty men. 

Col: John Scott to Col: Davies. August I4th 

Giving report of collections in his District: has £22 13 in money and "Bcotland** 
Tobacco to the amount of £10. 17. 6d. There is a large amount of flour, Albemarle 
some wheat and a good deal of Rye and Corn, much of which is damaged. ^^' 
great difficulty in procuring waggons, only six beeves on hand at Mr. 
Boilings Quarter near Mr. Ross's Iron Works which cannot he driven 
down : they can be exchanged with Mr. Ross, for beef delivered at the 
Point of Fork. He has made numerous ineffectual attempts to get a set- 
tlement with the people and the County Commissioners. They all seem 
determine to evade the Law or postpone their duty. The people "will 
not list themselves properly." Col: Penn of Amherst and Wm. Loving 
report at least ^ve hundred delinquents in their County, and if the 
matter ever looked into there will be found great deficiencies in all the 
Counties. As soon as he can, he will "take Goochland," on his way 
down to Richmond. 

Jno: Robertson to Col: Davies. Auguit 16th 

Since his arrival he has arranged with Mx* McGlacklin to supply the Point of 
post with provisions. He has however procured some salted provisions, ^^^^ 

it being unwise to slaughter beef for so few troops as this Season. No 
Bacon to be gotten, but plenty of fiour. He shall order the "Specifics" 
from Harry Innes's District to be sent to this place, & perhaps Mr. 
Scott's. Capt. Peyton thinks be has store-room suilicient and will take 
care of them. "The 70 or 80 beeves in Mr. Innes' District" bad better 
be driven down, as there is good pasturage for them at the Point of Fork : 
if not wanted, they could be sr>ld in Richmond at an advantage. The 
post will be well supplied until his return from the Northern Neck, to 
which plaee he goes at once. If consistent with Col : Davies views, he 
proposes establishing a "magazine'' of supplies at the Point of Fork, 
being the most convenient place from which to transport them l>elow ; and 
to receive the specifics from the districts above Ac. 


1782. Capt: John Peyton to Col: Davies. 

August 17tb 

Point of In regard to the stores received by him; desires orders as to making 

Fork ^jp ^^^ cloth of different colours &c. Is in immediate want of buttons & 
course linnen, about which he has already written to Mr. Hay. The 
sole leather on hand is not worth making into shoes, and if Mr. Hay 
cannot procure a better article in Richmond, he thinks Mr. Thos: Marks 
Com: of Hides, in Albemarle will have, in a short time, a considerable 
quantity, which may be procured ''for the use of the Continent,'* &c. 

August 17th Col: W. Dandridge to 

Hanover Co. Explaining certain irregularities in the returns from that County and 
apologizing for the mens "not going down." Does not doubt "the 
Delinquents will readily accept of the Terms offer'd, & go down with 
chearfulness to assist in getting up the Cannon." 

August 18th Joseph Spencer to the Executive. 

Orange Co. Having heard that the Virginia Officers who had been prisoners of 
War at Charleston were permitted to send tobacco to that place in Flags 
of truce vessels to pay the debts incurred by them during their imprison- 
ment: and the State having refused to liquidate his, out of what she owed 
him, ho begs to be allowed to send a sufficient quantity of tobacco by 
the next vessel that may go, in order to "Discharge this debt of 
Honour" he is owing there. 

August 19th Chas: L. Lewis^ Co. Lieut: to the Governor. 

Albemarle Setting fourth the necessity of forwarding at once, blank Commissions 
^^' for the officers recommended by the Court "eight or ten months" before. 
The County is left with only one Field officer. Bequests Commissions 
also for Captains and other officers, who are without their Commissions. 
Col : Bennet Henderson the bearer is one of the Gentlemen recommended 
by the Court. 

August 19th Wm. Cary, Jr. Abraham Archer, Naval Officers, to Gov: Harrison. 

York Town Informing him of the arrival at that Post of "Two Cutters from 
Bergon in Norway "with cargoes" of Salt and Bale Ofoods." He could 
not admit them to entry without permission of his Excellency, and 
therefore had advised the "Master" of one to go to Hichmoud for this 

o-m «ia^ 


Theod: Bland Jnr: J. Madison jnr & A. Lee to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

Aagu8t 19th 
After enclosing an extract of a letter received by Gen : Washington Philadelphia 

from Sir Guj Carleton and Admiral Digby, giving the information pre- 
viously referred to, in relation to the presence of Mr. Grenville at Paris 
looking to making Peace, they continue 

"The British Commanders add a repetition of their proposition for 
an exchange of our Seaman for their Soldiers. 

The Commander in Chief also informs Congress that Troops are 
embarking at New York, as it is said for Charlestown. 

The Enemy appea'd to have published & circulated the above declara- 
tion of the Instructions given to their Plenipotentiary thro' the U. S. 

Your Excellency will perceive that the enemy are providing for war, 
while they are flattering us with propositions of Peace & Independence, & 
therefore that we should be well advis'd not only not to remit of our 
preparations, but to redouble our efforts which may make what might 
be a feint reality " — 

Wm. Reynolds to Gov: Harrison. August 19th 

Mr. Jameson and himself have made every enquiry in regard to York Town 
obtaining timber for building "the Barracks" but find it impossible to 
procure it. Those who once furnished it have lost their "sawyers," and 
the few that are left have a great deal of work on had — The Co. Court 
have thought proper to " have a general Recommendation of majistrates 
lor this county" the former Commission having been destroyed by the 
British — In addition to this "Genl: Nelson and Mr. Jameson two of our 
Senior magistrates," think they cannot "take their former seats" unless 
reappointed — Genl: Nelson made Co. Lieutenant of York — 

Col: Davies to the Executive. August 20th 

Complaining of the appointment of "Mr. Yates to be surgeon to the War Office 
8th Reg't" by Genl: Muhlenburg as being unauthorized and inexpedient. 
He says " Mr. Yates acted as Surgeon's mate before the completion of 
the confederacy, otherwise he could have no right to the appointment 
without the Order of your Excellency, as the articles of the confedera- 
tion vests the appointment of all officers below the rank of Brigadier, 
in their respective States. Genl: Muhlenburg not adverting to this cir- 
cumstance has made this appointment 'till the determination of the 
Surgeon General can be had. But I would beg leave to represent to 
your Excellency, that such an appointment cannot, upon any principle, 
be necessary. The Virginia line has already as many as six or eight 


1782. Surgeons and Surgeon's mates, altho' there is not more than one regi- 
Augu8t20th ment in the field. Several of these gentlemen are at home, and why a 
Surgeon should, under those circumstances be appointed to a regiment 
that exists only in name, is more than I can account for, especially a 
person, who has been so lately, and I think unnecessarily appointed a 
mate. 1 would therefore ask your Excellency's orders, whether an 
appointment of Surgeon shall be made out for Mr. Yates to the 8th 
Regt., or that GenI: Muhlenberg be informed that Congress have direc- 
ted a reduction of regiments to take place, and that it is expensive and 
inexpedient to appoint persons to be officers, who must immediately 
become supernumerarys."' 

The Governor in Council, disapproves Genl: Muhlenberg's action, and 
Col : Davids is authorized to communicate with him accordingly, on the 
subject — 

August 20th Wm. Holt Mayor & J. Pbentis, Jas: McClurg, Robt. Andrews, 

RoBT. NicoLSON Magistrates, to Gov: Harrison. 
Williams- The magistracy of the City of W'msburg cannot avoid expressing 

^^^ to your Excellency the concern they feel at an Incident which has 
lately happened between one of their citizens & an officer in the Regi- 
ment commanded by Col : Dabney, & they have no doubt of the aid of 
the Executive to bring this matter to its proper crisis. 

A citizen had obtained a Peace warrant for a violent Breach of the 
Peace, committed on him by another citizen, who was consequently held 
to Bail for his good Behaviour for 6 months & was also sued at common 
Law for Damages. Captain Roan of Dabney's Reg't & Brother to the 
Person sued, soon afterwards called on the Prosecuter & desired him to 
dismiss the suit, else ho would give him a severe flogging. The Prose- 
cuter not discovenng any disposition to comply with this demand, Cap- 
tain Roan stripped off his shirt having caught him undressed in his 
Chamber & with his Sword beat him in a most violent manner. On 
this a Warrant was issued for apprehending Roan, but he bids Defiance 
to the officer whose Duty it is to serve it & refuses to submit to the 
Institution of an Enquiry into his conduct before a civil magistrate. 
This violent & flagrant Breach of the Peace by a military man & his 
subsequent opposition to the civil Power, the magistracy of W'msburg 
have considered as of too dangerous Tendency to be passed over, without 
further notice, & have therefore transmitted this State of Facts to your 
Excellency, that the Executive may adopt such mode, as to them may 
seem best, to compel the officer to be amenable for his Conduct. 

We are with the greatest Respect, Sir, 

Your mo: obed't & very humble Servants'* 

■J vjm a _f>L,ii 


B. Thos: Godwin Co. Lieut: to Col: Da vies. 1782. 

Angust 22a 
In regard to the articles to be collected in that County — He sends one Nansemond 
wagon — the clothes & beef to be furnished are now collecting, and 
should have been ready before this time, but that the county was over- 
run by the Enemy all the summer. 

Wm. Hay, Commercial Agent, encloses to the Governor, Messrs : August 22d 
Lacaze & Mallet's offer to sell arms to the State, viz: To deliver at Alex- Richmond 
andria on the Ist november "all the muskets they have at Providence 
for the price of 11 dollars specie, payable at the delivery, in Virginia 
Potowmack or Rappahannock Tobacco at the rate of 16s.8d. pr: cwt: 
Six thousand dollars to be advanced by the State in money or Tobacco 
to facilitate the coming of the muskets from Providence to Virginia" — 

The Governor, endorses the above, "I have no Council, but think the 
terms totally inadmissible and ^yithout the power of the Executive." 

Samp: Mathews to Gov: Harrison. Auguit 22d 

He has just met with Colo. Fleming and has prevailed upon him to 8t*anton 
continue **In the Counties to Settle the Claims to the Westered," which 
place he was about to resign upon hearing "he was displaced as an 
Assistant Judge." In confering with him upon the Subject, it is 
apparent that money and many necessary articles will have to be pro- 
vided to enable the commissioners to proceed on their busjness. Col : 
McDowell had already corresponded with him to the same effect. At 
least £25 to £30, each, for actual expences, and a sufficiency to purchase 
" Baggage-horse & furniture." "1 Blank Book, 1 Ream writing paper, 
3 papers Ink-powder, 1 Box wafers, 2 lbs. Tea k 25 Coffey, 50 lbs Brown 
& 15 lbs Loaf Sugar" will be neaded. The money to purchase the horses 
kc. should be forwarded to each gentleman, so that he may use bis best 
judgement in the matter. He has taken the liberty to make these sug- 
gestions, because of the propriety of making provisions for so long a 
journey into a Country where the articles cannot be procured, and 
because he supposes the Executive " more busied with other matters," Ac. 

Bond of Joseph Audet, master of the ^' Brig Predeni" mounting twelve August 23d 

guns, and manned by a crew of thirty to Michael Hilligas Treasurer of 

the U. States, in the Penalty of *' twenty thousand Spanish milled 

Dollars,'' to cruize as a Privateer, in accordance with the Laws of 

Nations, against the People and Commerce of Great Britain. This 

vessel owned by Laco^t, Bmmfield & Co. of Virginia. 



1782. Col: Thos: Newton Jnr: to Gov: Harrison. 

August 28d MSir 
Norfolk By a flag just ariv'd from N. York, information has been given 

to several persons here, that if they wou'd apply for their negroes, that 
they wou'd be given up; by desire of them I beg your Ex'cy's advice on 
the occasion, whether they cou'd obtain flags to N. York to apply for 
their negroes or not, most of the ownei^s are hearty friends to the 
Country .& are much distressed. Coll: Godfrey lost 35, Jno : Willoughby 
upwards of 90, Capt: Barron 11, & many others in proportion, their 
desires are to get a vessel & send some man who cou'd be depended on 
to make a trial whether the matter can be accomplished or not. I shall 
be exceedingly obliged if your ExccH'y will signify your pleasure on the 
occasion. Most are afraid that if peace shou'd commence, that the 
refugees & privateers-men wou'd have an opportunity of carrying the 
negroes off & disposing of them in the West Indies, which they have 
been inform'd of by some prisoners immediately from N. York. 

I am 

yr: Exc'ys most obt. Servant." 

August 23d Major Thos: Poulson Sth Va. Regt: to Genl: Peter Muhlenberg 

Comd'g at Cumberland Old Ct. House. 
D'r Genl: 
Eastern As Government have provided so poorly for Their Troops iu 

ore Virginia, I have not been allow'd any Provision, since the Troops letl 
this Shore under Capt: Parker. But when I wrote you last we had 
just begun to collect the Specifick Tax, which I had the promise of 
being supply 'd out of, as soon as I got any, so there was no time delay 'd 
In getting the deserters together. I had got 10, when Colo. Cropper, 
who had but a few days come from Richmond give me a letter inform- 
ing me I could have no more Provision. I immediately got the Field 
Officers and some of the Magistrates together to no what was to be 
done, they inform'd me it was not in their Power to give any relief. 
As such I made the best Bargain I could with the men and then dis- 
charged them all from their confinement, not leting them no it was any- 
thing less than humanity that was the cause. My Situation here are 
veiy disagreeable. I think such a command little superier to a Prison- 
Ship, those men must be lost inless their can be some metherd fell on 
to git Provision to them over. 

I am Sir, with respect — 
your most obedient, Humb Servnt" 


Col: W. Roane to Col: Davies. 1782. 

August 28d 
Acknowledging receipt of his of the 3d Inst: ordering a court of Essex Co. 

Enquiry for punishing delinqueat officers and men of the militia, who 
failed "to assemble at York" &c. By reference to his letter of the 12th 
July, it will be seen why this was not done. He has only received from 
Chas: Dick of Fredericksburg thirty muskets and six hundred cartriges, 
in accordance w^ith orders from the War Office — Wishes doable that 
number could have been sent, in as much as it is necessary to keep a 
proper guard over the public Tobacco and Provisions, and for the inhabi- 
tants exposed along the River. The militia of Essex have on all occa- 
sions been so willing and prompt when called upon, that the few * 
invalid delinquents in the county, were really "below our attention" — 

Wm. Hay, C. Agent, to Col: Davies. August 24th 

Complaining of the irregularity in the orders issued from the Council, Richmond 
and Board of War — Although bound to obey them, it should be remem- 
bered that his office is not to be considered as "an Auxiliary to the 
Treasury." The necessities of the state are well known to him, and he 
shall be ever willing to meet them, consistently with the duties of his 
office. He has now on hand, "linen of different kinds, stockings, shoes, 
Hats, Caps, Coats, Jackets, Broad cloth, nails, & some Stationary" &c. 

Memorial of John Lowry, to the Governor and Council &o. August 24th 

Laying before them the "grievances and Hardships he now labours Elizabeth 
under, by the officers and soldiers. "Colo. Dabney order'd his Troops ^'^ 
of Horse to take possession of my plantation & one Room the largest 
& best in my House, altho' I have a very large family, a wife & nine 
children, the first steps Colo. Dabney took, was to seize four head of 
my best cattle for beef w'ch I am advise is against the Laws of the 
Country to seize any man's property by force contrary to the Act of 
of assembly &c" " I brought suite against the s'd Colo. Dabney for his 
unlawful proceeding, this gave fire to the train, a certain Major Alex- 
ander Dick with a body of Arm'd men came to my House, seize upon 
my person without any legal warrant, carried me to the Town of Hamp- 
ton in custody till the next day. the next day the sheriff took me in 
custody by warrant from a magistrate for Treason against the State. I 
stood try all before the County, when upon Examing witness and all 
matter against me, unanimous declared me inoscent of the charge, 
these arbertaiy Gentlemen did not stop here, they have incouraged 
their soldiers to distress me in every way they could possiable do. 


1782. Horses dayly in my Corn field, deatroyeJ a good deal of my growing 
August 24th crops, my frute of all kinds they destroy 'd dayley. they tyed up a 
negro this morning and gave him between thirty and forty lashes for no 
provocation, a young woman that lives in my House who complained 
of the bad treatment, was given to understand, that if she complains 
any more, she should be serv'd the same way. may it please your 
Hon'ble Board that the s'd Troop of Horse has quartered at my House 
from the 6th of July last. Colo. Hollier & Mr. Booker my very near 
neighbours taking notice in the manner I was treated, in a cruel and 
barbarous manner & that it proceeded from a peake (pique) offered the 
Capt. of the s'd Horse, part of their Horses in Pasture ground for their 
• Horses, w*ch was refused, altho' equally convenient A not so Hurtfull to 
them as it was to Mr. Lowry. they thretan my wife & children. I am 
afraid to go out of my House to do my business on my plantation. The 
said Soldiers has taken and distroy'd a great deal of my barley w'ch 1 
lately bought of Colo. Lewis to Brew Beer, they have deyirived me of 
the opp'ty of Brewing any Beer w'ch is the only way I had to get a 
little money to enable me to discharge my Taxes, they took my Brew- 
house. & Break my Locks whenever they are opposed, they turned two 
Stud Horses loose in my Pasture, altho' T beg they would no do so, as it 
would Hurt my breed of Horses, upon the whole I expect no redress 
but from your Hon'ble Board, and the Laws of the Country. Your 
memorialist hopes your Hon'ble Board will grant such redress against 
such oppreson, as your Hon'ble Board shall seem meet — 

and your memorialist shall ever pray — 

The truth of this complaint certified to by — Cary Selden, Wm. Moore, 
Augustine Moore, Wm. Wise, Wm. Brown, Simon Hollier, Thos: Ste- 
venson, Geo: Booker, & West wood Armstead. 

T. Prentis and Henry Tazwell Esqrs, enclosed the above to the Execu- 
tive, and without entering into the causes of the complaint &c. take 
occasion to remark upon the ** quartering soldiers upon Individuals" is 
a practice not warranted by Law, and can be exercised only "upon the 
most extreme necessity" — They hope an answ^er will soon be given to 
Mr. Lowry. 

August 26th Capt: Christ: Roane to Col: Da vies. 

Taylor's Urging the necessity of **some spirits" for the use of the soldiers 
™®"^ employ 'd in raising the cannon." He has only about one & a half gal- 
lons of whiskey, very little "stronger than grog" — The men are con- 
stantly up to their waists in the water, and without spirits must get 
sick &c. 



Matthias M'Coll to the Governor. 1782. 

August 25th 
Praying to be allowed to become "a subject of this state'*: considers Flag-Ships 

himself a subject of the TJ. States: had resided at the East End ^^* ™nce" 

Long Island, outside the British jurisdiction. Had with great difficulty Boyd's Hole 

obtained a Passport to come to Virginia where he proposes to remain. 

His connexions have ever been "Friends to America" — His brother in 

New York had afforded many civilities to Majors Fantleroy and Willis 

& other prisoners in that City from this State. He is ready to conform 

to every requisition necessaiy to carry out his wishes &c. 

Rich'd Graham to Col: Da vies. August 25th 

Making report of Collections in his District — The clothing should Dumfries 
have been down sooner, but for the heavy rains — Mr. Jno: Robertson 
had come up for all the money in hand and he has paid him Two hun- 
dred pounds — The Fairfax commissioner have just paid in £80: they 
can do no more at present: not a shilling from Prince William, and 
nothing from the Stafford Commissioners, they say the people have 
never given in a list of their Tithables, and few of them have paid any- 
thing. Steps must be taken to bring the Delinquents to a settlement — 

Andrew Steele to Gov: Harrison of Va. August 26th 


Through the Continued series of a Seven Years vicessitude, nothing Lexington 
has happened so alarming, fatal & Injurious to the Interest of the Kane- ^' 
tuckians in Particular & all its votaries in General, as the present Con- 
catination of Hostilities, wherewith I am now to acquaint your Excel- 

The Fifteenth of this Inst: Bryan's Station was Beseiged by a num- 
ber of Indians, whereof I am not able to form a Just Estimate: the 
Attack continued warm for about Thirty Houra, During which Period, 
the Enemy burned several exterior Houses, Killed three of our men & 
made large Depredations on the neat stock & Crop — they then Retired 
leaving three of their Savage party dead on the ground, besides a num- 
ber circumstantially so — 

The Seventeenth, we were Reinforced from Lincoln, with one hun- 
dred & fifty Horse men, Commanded by Lieut: Col: Stephen Trigg & 
Joined by a few of the Fayette Commanded by Colo. Jno. Todd, who 
compos'd an Army of one Hundred & Eighty Two. We followed them 
to the Lower Blue Licks, where Ended the Direfull Catastrophy — in 
short we were defeated — with the loss of seventy-five men — among 
whom fell our two Commanders with many other officers & soldiers of 

4HH4*:fV«jt •;\ Mit* i«Mi«HUiif*''* iuii^^tii«fl "n ;m IfUlla jrniinit II S^Ht!&ic«m 
»v*fl\»*.* r^'vtt 'it»» \<*.*ti*r \i* iu^r iitw»^Ji. vni nuiTj icit^r .ui»*rTihtr »*•r- 
■3i>«%r ■»;i']; ^ye /Mil^p l^,-»*»:»'vA*ii^ n&«% ♦nih.j«^t> .r,(f x-'in-T C''.'«fc!n:3^r!iiSw»- tei of 

^4a W//^ 4 Ucrtmti%^p: U% itfe«* I&Rii?^ By»*^Ji» ^j^ oflw Coimlfy. if rour 

T)^^ /^wt>##?r ^/f tb^* iif»rr5ktCr#: h » F<tt^Op*)i in ji priraie sphere of life 
4 hfffp^ iUni ytmr ff^n^^-tUfi^ (t%tAfmr. will nAwot joa, to not only par- 
^<//#^ t>^^ Ii4r^i*»/>f>, hul ihft many lusu^^airzfAeii that may appear throngh 
M*^ w><//(*« //f i^H^t iMiUrrai^jA fin/iig<^t«!d Detail — as it comes from a wel- 
wUU^r U* Stmmt'hh \A\f^iy k your 

Kxf;dlcncry*« mo«t obed't H'ble Servt." 


Ur,H,t: (inYMv.H jsk: to Gov: Harrison. 

KMijJH'i N«(#i lui'nnu\inc U\ui Itio ^' Kln^ vchmcIh'* hIiou1(] be (Jespatched as soon as 
J'MJMly 'Miiit tliiflr I'orfirnufulcrN arc very much opposed to stopping at 
Nmw Yorit lor r*mr of lu'lii^ takofj hy our Ally, if there is the least 
H|»|»»^MrHMi'M of* tluil |»liM'(iH bt^in^ benei^ed shortly, which we are fully 
imimvIimumI of in tbiM <niiirt(«r.'' Tbey should however be required to 
tiMM'b Ml tbul |ibic'o itt uccdrdiinco with their engagements — A certain 
Mr. Unwati who bad (mhho in one of those ships, had been allowed to go 
In VVimhuoroland lo moo bis brothor a groat Tory, who had presented 
tbo p*ald UoNvan with "a nogro boy ab<)Ut 16 years of age" who then 
bad bitn nn boani ono ol' tbo Flags, intending to carry him off by stealth — 
llo hitiMHU to moImo and dotain tbo nogro, and thinks the Brig should be 
oondonniod on aooount oC tbo Captain's evident intention to carry prop- 
ol*t^V out or tbo Stalo without porniisMion — 


Col: Arthur Campbell to (-ol: Davies, in regaixi to Iiuliun Attains. 1782. 

"After roferring to sundry other eoninmnications respecting the '^dis- Washington 

positions'' of the Cherokees, which he had sent by private hands, 
because '*the low credit of the county" couUl not af!brd an Express, 
continues as follows, "That the present Executive may better under- 
stand the history of the war with the southern Indians, it may be neces- " 
sary to recur to the orders given, and the accounts sent by the ditferent 
commanding officers, from 1770, down to the present year. One remark- 
able occurrance in this era, was, on Col: Christian's reaching the Towns 
on the Tennessee in 1776 a certain Cherokee chief, called the ' i^ragging 
Canoe" a "Chcuconnasee," seceded from the national councils ot the 
Cherokees, drew of!' large numbers, and retired down the River, to a 
place called Choccomogga, near the Whirl in the ('horokee River made 
new settlements, and gave an asylum to the British Agent and a num- 
ber of Eenegade Tories: continuing his depredations by small parties, 
drawing to his faction at times more or less of the young men of yo 
Towns, who had concluded a peace in 1777 — In the Fall of 1780, a total 
combination of these Indians took place, against us, thro' the address of 
Col: Brown, the Enemy's Agent: but this happily was broken by the 
defeat they met with, from (^ol: Arthur Campi)ell and others. Their 
country was desolated as far south as the Hiwaseo River. The hither 
Towns' people fled mostly into the mountains for shelter, and soon after 
made peace. The seceding party fled either, below the ** Whirl," or to 
the sources of the Mobile. It is from these Towns, together with large 
accessions of Tories, that Carolina and (Georgia have received so much 
annoyance since our recovery of those slates — A view of Ilutchin's late 
map, will enable you better to comprehend what I have said — 

As to present Intelligence: by a letter I lately received from (ienl: 
Pickens, who lives on the frontiers of So. Carolina, adjoining Georgia, I 
am applyed to, for to co-operate with him in attacking the unfriendly 
Cherokee Towns, and am told at the same time, that Governor Mathews 
has wrote to our Executive on the subject; but as the Governor's letter 
of the same date wMth yours, mention nothing of it, I consider myself 
not at liberty to comply with the request: besides, the overtures made 
by these same Indians for peace, and in some measure countenanced by 
Mr. Martin, our Agent, renders it still more improper, as I apprehend 
the Indians wish to engage us to act as mediators — In the month of 
July, before the evacuation of Savannah, Col: Brown the British Agent, 
essayed to conduct from thence a considerable supply of goods and 
ammunition, to his adherents in the (*herokee Country. The whole was 
fortunately intercepted, and he himself, narrowly escaped by flight — A 
short time after, as an Escort, was coming down to meet Brown, (not 
hearing of his fate) they were met by Genl: (Mark, of Georgia, near the 
frontiers of Georgia, and totally defeated — Several Indians and Tories 


1782. were made prisoners, and on the field made subjects of retaliation, for 
August 26th the cruel usage of Genl: Picken's brother, and near 20 men, who were 
inhumanly put to death, in the Town last winter — The Governor men- 
tions nothing in his letter, respecting our defence against the northward 
Indians, however, I hope I have come up to his wishes, as only 50 men, 
instead of 100, are yet ordered on duty, and you may rely, I will be 
very sparing of expenditures. About ten days ago, the northward 
Indians killed two men in this county, the party that did this mischief, 
did not exceed half a dozen, and could not be traced, so as to overtake 
them. This is the only onset, we have had since the Spring. Col : 
Crawford's exertions, no doubt overthrew their boasted scheme of anno}''- 
ing the frontier; and I trust Genl: Irvine's good fortune will give us but 
little to fear from that quarter, after this campaign. 

The preliminaries, offered to the Cherokees, are said to be — 

Ist. To cease all kinds of hostilities with- every part of the American 

2d. To restore all our Captives & 3d To give up into our hands all the 
British adherents, as Prisonei's — 

This complyed with, I think the force preparing in North Carolina 
will give over their attack: this I am not a little anxious to see accom- 
plished, as I know, should they go into the Indian Countiy, they will 
not properly discriminate: and I believe there is now as good Whigs in 
the hither Towns, as any on the frontiers of N. Carolina — Whatever 
may come of this business, I will endeavour that the Executive be speed- 
ily informed of the result thereof — 

I am, Sir, very respectfully &c &c — 

August 26th Col: Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Washington Acknowledging receipt of his of the 15th inst: in which he "Seems to 
be blamed," and begging to be indulged by way of excuse, as follows — 
"Before I left Richmond last June, I more than once applied for the 
goods ordered for the use of the Cherokees; I was directed one time to 
Mr. Hay, at another to Capt: Young — neither sent the goods to Man- 
chester in time, as I desired, nor advanced the small sum of 20 dollars 
which, I told, was necessary to pay the waggoner, for to enable him to 
pa}^ expenses out to th^ Long Island.'^ He had not received the powder 
ordered to be delivered to him by Capt: Price of Bedford; and rather 
than thwart "the measures of government, ho would lend the Agent 
"])art of the small store" in the county magazine — he then proceeds — 
"Col. Martin set out earl}^ this month for the Indian Town called 
"Chota," to receive our Captives, and propose some preliminaries for a 
Treaty of peace, with what is called the seceded Towns, or Chocomogga 
Faction — a deputation of which were to meet him the 1st Instant — 
There are seven other Gent:* with Col: Christian to negotiate with the 


Indians. This transaction of Grenl : Green's, I expected was fiilly known 1782. 
by the Bxecutive, as I find it has been mentioned in Congress, and August 26Ui 
approved of — 

The proposal of a Treaty of peace, came first from the Indians, and 
seems to be considered by the Agent as a favoarable sign of the sincer- 
ity of their dispositions, as the application have been made in unusual 
suppliant terms. The proof of all may be better understood afler Col: 
Martin's return from the Council at ^^Chota" Perhaps the true reason 
of the pliability in the seceding Chiefs, may be found to proceed fVom 
their late misfortunes in Georgia, and the formidable force prepairing in 
the south, to attack them " — 

I am Sir, &c &c — 

Robt. Bev: Chew, informs the governor, that ho had executed the August 27th 
requirements of the act for ^* Establishing a permanent revenue" &c. at Fredericks- 
that place — That a large quantity of flour, duly inspected was on hand, ^ 

and would probably spoil — He therefore recommends it bo enchanged 
for West India Rum & salt, so much more needed &c — 

Col: Davies gives at length, in obedience to orders, a satisfactory August 27th 
statement of facts, upon which Capt: Kelly had based a claim for ser- War Office 
vices rendered as Captain in the state Garrison Regiment &c — 

Thos. Jett, accounts to Col: Davies for the "specific tax" of his Dis- August 27th 
trict, but adds, "I never had the tenth part of the trouble, that I have, Westmore- 
and shall continue to have, with the commissioners, &c. in any business of i" 
a hundred times the value of the money that will at last be collected" — 

Major Isaac Dabney to Col: Davies. August 28th 

Promising in future accurate Returns of the strength of the militia King Wm. 
arms &c. in his county: trusts there shall be no more cause for com- County 
plaint of neglect, which in great measure has of late grown out of the 
'* resignations of our Field Officers, one after another." 



1782. W. FousHEE, Mayor, to the Governor. 

August 29th *'Sir 

City of Among those objects which have lately come under the considera- 

I^ Comrnon ^*^" ^^ ^^^ Common Hall of this City, an necessary for regulating its 

liall internal policy the Establishment of a City Watch has been thought 

advisable, as a measure Essential to the security of the Inhabitants 

against those nocturnal depredations and robberies, which have been 

lately so much practiced among us. 

Conjoined to this step, the Hall are pui*suing the most effectual meas- 
ures to expel disorderly persons of suspicious characters, & to break the 
chain of that confederacy, which seems to be established by a nefarious 
crew in and about this city, at the same time with the fullest confidence 
that every endeavour of theirs to attain these salutary purposes will be 
aided by your Excellency and the Council in the exercise of the Execu- 
tive powers of Government, so far as the same shall in your Wisdom be 
thought consistent and proper, the Common Hall are induced, with 
great defference, to suggest to your Excellency & the Council, a measure 
which in their opinion will give aid & efficacy to their endeavours. It 
is Sir, in the removal of the present main Guard, at the Public Jail, and 
of their relief by a detachment from such Post or Garrison, as your 
Excellency & the Council shall please to direct, of men to be selected by 
the Commanding Officer of the Post or Garrison, who have no relations 
or connections in this, or the adjoining Countys, and who are most 
orderly and well disposed, such detachment to be relieved regularly, 
once in every two or throe months, if the good of the service may so 

The Propriety of this measure will be more apparent to your Excel- 
lency & the Council, when it is observed that there is too great reason 
to suspect that the soldiery of the present Guard have been either prin- 
cipals or accessaries in almost every robbery which has of late been 
committed among us, and that their licentiousness & ungovernable con- 
duct is such as to endanger, even in the day time, the persons & prop- 
erty of the Inhabitants in the vicinity of the Jail. And the Common 
Hall further request that your Excellency will be pleased to order the 
Commissary General of military stores to furnish such a number of arms 
and ammunition as may be sufficient for the safety & Protection of the 

By Order and on behalf of the Common HalL" 

August 29th Jas; Barbour Co. Lieut: to the Governor, 

Culpepor Co. I" r<>ply to his Order directing that two hundred and fifty men "be 
held in constant readiness to march when Genl: Stevens shall call for 
them" — with this order, was one from the War-Offie© requiring him to 


arm these men. He has the men in readiness, but there are ho arms in 1782. 

the County. On two occasions, being ordered to collect the amis in the August 29th 

County, it was done, and the whole of them were sent with the men 

drafted at the same time, down the country, where they were stored, 

and never returned. The last sent, was about the Seige of York : after 

which the arms he had heard were carried to Amherst Co — There are 

not more "than twenty guns in the County fit for service & them in the 

hands of such men as conceal them, or they would have been taken last 

year" — He gives this information, in order that no delay may occur for 

want of proper information on this subject — 

Andrew Ronald to the Governor. August 29th 

Certifying that he has examined Mr. Joseph Wood, respecting his 
ability &c. to practice Law, in accordance with "an Act of Assembly in 
that case made and provided " and finds him qualified &c. 

Edm'd Randolph, "presents his compliments to his Excellency the 
Governor and begs leave to certify that he would immediately enter 
into the examination of Mr. Wood," " but the length of his practice in 
South Carolina, while it renders his fitness unquestionable, makes Mr. 
R averse, from a principle of delicacy, to scrutinize his abilities." 

Colo. Daniel Boone to the Governor op Virginia. August 80th 


A Circumstance of Affairs Causes me to write to your Excellency Fayette 
as follows. On the 16th of this Instant, a Large number of Indians ^ ""*^^8 
with some white men, attacted one of our fronteer Stations, known by Station 
the name of Bryan's Station. The seige continued from about Sunrise 
til about ten oclock the next Day, then they marched off. Notice being 
given to the Different Stations adjacent, we Imediatoly collected 181 
Horsemen commanded by Colo. J no: Todd: Including some of the Lin- 
coln County Militia Commanded by Colo. Trigg, and having pursued 
about 40 miles, on the 19th Instant we Discovered the Enemy Lying in 
wait for us, on Discover}' of which we formed our Column into one Sin- 
gle Line s^nd march'd up in their front within about forty yards before 
there was a gun fired : Col : Trigg on the right, my Self on the Left, 
Major McGary in the centre. Major Harlin with the advance party in 
the front — and from the manner wee had form'd, it fell to my lot to bring 
on the attack, which was done with a very heavy on both Sides: and 
extended back the lines to Colo. Trigg, where the Enemy was so strong 
that the Rushed up and Broke the right wing at the first fire. So the 
Enemy was immediately on our Backs, so we were obliged to Retreat 
with the loss of 77 of our men and 12 wounded. Afterwards we were 


1782. Reinforced by Colo. Logan, which with our own men amounted to 460 
August 80th Light Horse, with which we march'd to the Battle Ground again. But 
found the enemy were gone off. So we proceeded to burry the Dead — 
which were 43 found on the ground, and many more we Expect Lay 
about that we did not see, as we Could not Tarry to search very close, 
being Both Hungry and weary, and some what Dubious that the enemy 
might not be gone quite off, and by what discovery we could make we 
conclude the number of Indians to exceed 400 — now the whole of 
our militia of this County does not exceed 130. By this, your Excell- 
lency may draw an Idea of our circumstance. I know Sir, that 3'our 
Situation at present is something critical. But are we to be totally for- 
gotten. I hope 'not. I trust about 500 men sent to our assistance 
Immediately, and them to be stationed as our County Lieutenants shall 
see most necessary, may be the saving of this our part of the Country, 
but if you put them under the Direction of Grenl: Clarke, they will be 
Little or no Service to our Settlement, as he lies 100 miles west of us, 
and the Indians north East, and our men are often called to the Falls to 
guard them. I have encouraged the people here in this County all that 
I could, but I can no longer Encourage my neighbors, nor myself to 
risque our Lives here, at such Extraordinary hazzards. The Inhabitants 
of these Counties are very much alarm'd at the thoughts of the Indians 
bringing another Campaign into our Country this fall, which if it should 
bo the case, will Break these settlements. So I hope your Excellency 
will take it into consideration and send us some Relief as quick as possa- 

This Sir, is my sentiments without consulting an}^ person. 1 expect 
Colo. Logan will immediately send to you by Express. By whom I 
most humbly Request your Excellencies answer, meanwhile 

I remain, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient Humbl. Serv't." 

"A List of the Slain — Colo. Jno. Todd, 


>• Trigg, 


: Harlin, 


■ Gordon, 













Officers— 10 
Privates 67 

Wounded 12" 


John Bowman to Gov'r Harrison op Va. 1782. 

Sir, August 30th 

I take the liberty to ad'ss your Excellency on a subject which I Lincoln 
make no Doubt may be agreable to you. on the 20th of this Ins't arivod ^o""ty 
hear Mr. Simon Burney with two Chickasaws warriers, with a written 
talk from the Chieffs of that nation, Seting forth their Willingness to 
treat with the State of Virginia on a peace, a copy of which you will 
Receive by this conveyance, and Being Impressed with a sence of the 
Distressed cituation of this frontear Settlements, I could not Restrain 
my Self, but Rather thought it my Duty to Recomend it to you, in 
whoes hands the Reigns of Gov'rment are put, and not Doubting of 
your care and Protection, therefore it is the wish of all I believe that 
your Excellency might appoint Commissioners to meat the chieffs of 
that nation at the french Lick on Cumberland River, it being the Place 
they seame to wish to meat at, in order to establish a peace with them. 
Should your Excellency with the Honorable Council, think Pro2)er that 
sume step should be taken with these People, and would wish to appoint 
Commissioners in this quarter for that purpose, I will mention the fol- 
lowing Gents: who in my opinion are the most fit men amongst us for 
that Purpose, Col. John Donelson, Col: Benj. Logan, and Capt: John 
Hucbing — 

He also informs us that the Creek nation will take the same measures 
with them, which would be a fortunate Circumstance to this, as well as 
our neighboring or Sistren states to the southward, and the joint Inter- 
est of all — The Chickasaws Chieffs, urging in tlieir own justifications 
that when Genl : Clark came into their country and built a fort, and set- 
tled many famileys in their countrey the thought themselves obliged to 
defend their native countrey by arms, and that the should not have 
taken up against us on any other grounds, which as far as I can judge 
of facts I Raley believe it to be the case — 

If a Peace could be concluded with these two nations, the Chickasaws 
and Creeks, it would Effect uly put a stop to the Cherokees and Chucka- 
mogga Indians committing depredations on any of our frontears, and 
compleat the Happiness of the Inhabitants who have long suffe'd by 
them, and we Conceive that such an alliance might Greatly Discurrage 
the Shawnees, and other Western Tribes. Should this not be an obsta- 
cle in the way, I am told that Genl: Clark sent an Express to Post St. 
Vancent (St. Vincent) to Mr. Dolten there. The purport theirof is 
enjoined on Mr. Dolten to keep it secret — 

The same evening sume Diseffected men that harboures amongst us, 
Stole about fifleen horees fi*om the French at that Place — On their miss- 
ing them Horses next morning, they Emediately demanded a sight of 
the Iilxpress, which was Denied them, they tben desired Mr. Dolten 
not to send the messenger away untill the new his absent. Notwithstand- 
ing the caution, the Exjiress was Dispatched that Evening and came 


1782. safe to the Falls. This Raised a jellosy among the french that it was 
August 30th with concent of Genl: Clark the men wont their, and if this Breach is 
not spedily made up, the consequences theirof is to be Dreaded, the 
french say that if this be the Treatment from us they will be obliged to 
Defend Ihoir Property, by engaging the Deffrent Tribes of Indians to 
the westward of them that are now at Peace, to come to war against 
us — 

Our scater'd Inhabitants ar Daly Deminishing Having lost 65 of our 
militia in a Late unfortunate action with them, the Purticulars whereof 
you will have from Col. Logan, the commanding officer of their county. 
I would beg leave to Assure your Excellency, that my hartey wish and 
Earnes Desire for the Public weal xoar the only Ocation of my Troubling 
you with the above obsirvations. 

I take the Honour to be your Excellency's &c. 

The following " Talk " enclosed, 

** A Talk to be delivered by Mr. Simon Burney, to the Commanders of 
Every diflPerent station Between this nation and the falls on the Ohio 
River. My former Friends, we mean to Conclude a Peace with you. 
As Brothers never falls out with other, but they make Friends again If 
it is agreable to you, it is our Desire to be at Peace with you, that Our 
Corn may grow, and Our stocks Increase for the bennifitt of our Child'r 

You'l observe at the Same time, Our making a Peace with you doth 
not Entittle Us to fall out with Our Fathers the Inglish, for we love 
them, as the}' were the first People that Ever Supported us to Defend 
ourselves against our former Enimys, The French & Spaniards & all 
their Indians. & we are a People that never forgets any Kindness done 
Us by any Nation — We sends this by Mr. Burney, Who says he Lately 
come from Among you & you ma}' Rely on anything he Tells you — On 
the Subject of Peace Poyman Tauhaus' Talk. We was formerly very 
good fnends, and I thought we should be always so, but we have had 
some small Differences, but now we are good friends again — Some time 
ago we had nothing but good talks, all round us & from all quarters but 
now I can hear nothing But what is bad. I therefore this day send you 
a Token of Peace. I Remember the day when I was not Afraid to 
Travel to Chas Town Virginia, or any other Place. Where I was 
allways well used, but Now it supriss me more than any thing to see 
and hear how Brothers fall Out, for my Part, I could wish To see it, as 
it Used to be Formerly. I have been no where, but here at this Place, 
& at this Place I set down and hear all your disturbances. 1 heard by 
Chickasaw fellow that has been sometime among you that you have 
sent many letters to this nation, and you may think that wo received 
them and despised your Talks, be assured that none Ever got here. 
We are not like white people for when they fight they sends a flag to 



Each Other & then Renews the fight. But I this day sends you a Flagg 1782. 
for a Peace, not to renew any more Battles, as there never was much August 80th 
Fight'g between You & us. As to our part, we have never done you 
much harm. Its true, some of our young fellows has Stole some of 
your Horaes, but still they never went of themselves, their was other 
Nations, Creeks, Cherokees, Wanpunockys &c., who Led them out, and 
what Damage was done, was by reason you settled a Fort in our Hunt- 
ing ground without our leave. And at that place you suffered most from 
us. We Receiv'd a Talk From the Illinois, wherein they let us know 
that the Virginians, French & Spaniards are all as one & desires us to 
be friends with them. I dpnt doubt but they have lot you know by 
this time, what they wrote here in Regard to a Peace & when you see 
this it will satisfy you on our part. Red Kings' Talks you must 
remember That our fore fathei's On both sides were always friends but 
as for our parts we have had a small difference, but I dont know who 
was in the Rong, it is my desire that we should still be at Friendship 
With Each other, this comes from ray mouth, who is King of this nation, 
and it is my desire that after you see this talk, that when ever you meet 
with Chickesaws, that you may eat, drink & smoke Together as Friends 
& Brothers. I hope You'l send an agreable anV to this, that you & us 
may set down In safety & plant. You'l receive this a Talk from your 
friend & Brother Poymingoe's Talk — now to convince you of Our sin- 
cerity in mak'g Peace, I have sent four young warriers & one white 
raan, that was with you before, to convince you of a Peace with us & I 
am desirous, that they may Be well used & an answer to this Talk, by 
the Bearers, that we may think ot nothing hereafter but our Planting & 

Hunting &c. &c — 

Signed his 






Chickasaw Nation 9th July his 






Maj: Alex: Dick to the Gov: & Council. August 30th 

Asking for relief; he having furnished the Troops at Portsmouth with Richmond 
certain provisions, for which he was to have been paid: that he has had 
to sacrifice property to maintain himself and should be greatly the loser, 
should the said provisions be furnished him at present prices. 


1782. Robert Morris to Gov: Harrison. 

August 30th 
Office of Enclosing resolution of Congress declaring it inexpedient to continue 

T>u-i ^^"J*^?^® ft Garrison at York & Gloucester, at the "Expence of the United States." 
Philadelphia * '■ 

August 80th Col: Saml: Griffin to Col: Wm. Davies. 

Bristol Informing hira that he had shipped to the care of Capt: Callender at 

Fredericksburg the goods at Bristol R. I. belonging to Virginia; the 
vessel had been wrecked on the South side of Cape Henry ani every 
thing lost except a few casks of Rum and wine. The remainder in 
Boston would not sell *^ for more than would pay the expenses attending 
them." &c. 


TO Benj: Grymes Esq. Superintendent in Potomac. 


Urbanna Giving the reasons why he had permitted Mr. Edward Munford to 
leave his "Flag Brig" at that place to go to Potomac. Mr. Munford 
desires to charter a vessel, in which to transport the remainder of the 
"Tobacco due him from the Public," and awaits the permission of the 
Executive to do so. This gentleman had conducted himself with the 
greatest propriety &c. 

August 3l8t *Col: Benjamin Logan to Gov Harrison, giving account of the dis- 
aster at Blue Lick J as follows — 

Lincoln I ^eg leave to present your Excellency & Council with one 

County Qf the most melaneholly events that has happened in all this West- 
ern Country. On the 14th inst: Capt Holden from Fayette, pur- 
sued a party of Indians who had made prisoners of a couple of boys in 
his neighborhood ; he overtook them and was repulsed with the loss of 
four men. On the 16th a considerable army appeared before Bryant's 
Station, under the command of the noted Simon Girty, and many other 
white men ; they attacked the Station closely, and defeated different 
parties endeavoring to throw in assistance, but without much loss on 
our side. An Express was immediately despatched to Col: John Todd, 
who at that time was in this County in the neighborhood of Col: Trigg — 
On the 17th, at night, I received a letter from Col: Trigg, wherein he in- 
formed me of what had passed. Oixiers were immediately given for every 

* Accompanying this account is a small <* diagram" of the battle ground. 


man to turn out, and on Sunday the 18th I crossed the Kentucky with a 1782, 

considerahle detachment, & the day afler arrived at Bryant's, where I August Slst 

understood the Indians had raised the seige & were followed by Col : 

John Todd, with 135 of the Lincoln militia under Col: Trigg and 45 of 

the Fayette under Col: Bowman — Dreading the consequences that might 

ensue from this precipitate affair, I immediately pushed within a few 

miles from Bryants. We were met by about 25 men, who informed — of 

a total defeat at the Big Blue Licks on Licking, I covered their retreat, 

and marched back to Bryants, where I collected 470 men, and the 24th 

went to the battle-ground and buried 43 — our loss in this action is 50 

missing from Lincoln, and 15 from Fayette, among whom are Colls : 

Todd and Trigg (Trigg was quartered) Major Ilarlin, Capts: McBride, 

Gordon, Kinkaid & Overton, & Lieuts : Givings, Kennedy, McMartry, 

Rogers & McGuire, and Mr. Joseph Lindsay our Commissary. 

From the situation of the ground, on which our men were drawn 
upon (the plan whereof I have taken the liberty to enclose) I hardly 
know how it was possible for any to escape — I am inclined to believe 
that when your Excellency & Council become acquainted with the mili- 
tary operations in this country, that you will not think them so proj> 
erly conducted, as to answer the general interest of Kentucky — From 
the accounts we had received by prisoners who had escaped this spring, 
we were confident of an invasion from the Detroit Indians. Common 
safety, then made some scheme of defence necessary; for which pur- 
pose, I was called upon by Genl : Clarke to attend a council and afler 
consulting matters, it was determined to build a Fort at the mouth of 
Licking — & shortly I received his ordera for 100 men to attend this busi- 
ness, with a certain number from Fayette. Before the day of rendez- 
vous, I was instructed to send the men to the Falls of Ohio, in order to 
build a strong Garrison, and a row Galley, thus by weakening one end 
to strengthen another, the upper part of the country was left exposed, 
& the enemy intercepting our designs brought their intended e^^pedition 
against the Frontiers of Fayette — The immense expenses incurred by 
the state in this western Countr}^ we know is enough to prevent the 
Government from giving us any further aid ; but when your Excellency 
and Council are informed that the people have never been benefitted by 
those expenditures, we still hope your compassion will be extended to a 
detached, distressed part of your country, as it is not in the power of 
the People to answer the misapplication of any thing by a proper officer. 
Genl: Irwin, commanding at Fort Pitt, as a continental officer might 
probably be more assistance to this country could he receive proper sup- 
plies from the state of Virginia, tban any other measure that could be 
adopted — As he has tbe same enemies to encounter that trouble us, and 
stores of every kind seem to be of little account to us (ammunition 
excepted) — Col: Trigg being killed there is a Field officer wanting in 
this county: however I am at a loss how to proceed on the occasion, for 
all oar magistrates have been killed except three; and there can be no 



1782. Court to send a recommeudation — Col: Ilanod, who formerly acted as a 
August 3l8t Colonel, and who agreable to seniority oaght to have received a commis- 
sion, is now in being & I think a very proper person for that pqrpose — 

Before I conclude I must beg leave to suggest to your Excellency & 
Council, that a defensive war cannot be carried on with Indians, and the 
Inhabitants remain in any kind of safety. For unless you can go to 
their Towns and scourge them, they will never make a peace; but on 
the contrary keep parties constantly in your country to kill; and the 
plunder they get, answers them instead of Trade. Some days past, a 
white man, one Mr. Simon Bumey, with his Indians, arrived at this 
place, in company with two warriors, with talks from the Chickasaws 
nation — wherein they inform us of their desire to conclude a peace, and 
the reasons that urged them to war; which was Genl: Clarke's settling 
Fort Jefferson on their Hunting Grounds, without consulting them first, 
and are now enquiring for him. They own they have done mischief in 
this, as well as the infant settlement on Cumberland — Should your 
Excellency & Council think proper to hold a treaty with these People, 
Col: John Donelson, who has before served as an Agent for the state, is 
willing to transact any business of that kind — 

Since writing the foregoing lines, I have received certain information 
that Kinchelow's Fort in Jefferson was burned, and 37 souls, made pris- 
oners — Your Excellency & Council will please to indulge me a few 
moments longer, when I take the liberty to add the situation of 470 per- 
sons who suiTcndered themselves prisoners of war to a British Officer, 
then in command from Detroit, with a great number of Indians — As 
well as I recollect those unhappy people were captured in June 1780 — 
And from authentick intelligence that we have received, they were 
actually divided in the most distressing manner that could be invented. 
Many of the men were taken to Detroit & their wives retained among the 
Indians as slaves. Some of the men are now at Montreal & others in 
different parts tow*ards the Lakes — As the British were the perpetrators 
of this cruel piece of mischief, I think by the articles of the Cartel, for 
the exchange and relief of Prisoners taken in the Go: Department, and 
subsequent measures taken by the different commissioners for that pur- 
pose, it is their business, immediately to deliver up in this country, at 
some American Post, all the prisonera then taken— or retaliation he had 
on our part — ^Unless they are guarded back, they will never get 
through the Indian country. 

I have the honor to be &c. &c. &c — 

The Diagram of the Battle-ground contains the following note. " The 
Indians kept the path &om Bryants to the licks, and when Colo. Todd 
arrived at the Top of the hill on this side of the river, the enemy made 
a shew of ab't 30 in the bend. Our men marched over upon the Hill. 
The Indians had a very strong line in front which extended from one 
point of the river to the other. They had flankers and also. a party in 


the rear in order to prevent a retreat. As the river was very deep only 1782. 
at the licks and the clifls so steep that a passage was impracticable only August Slst 
where they first marched in — thus circumstanced the Savages, sure of 
victory rushed immediately up and threw our men into confusion. What 
escaped returned mostly by way of the Lick — ^many were killed afler 
they were made prisoners, as thoy were seen tied. 

From Bryant's Station to the Blue licks ab't 40 miles & from thence 
to the Ohia ab't 20 or 25. The Bent of the river was generally ab't } 
mile over & from the top of the ridge each way made down small dreans — 
in these places lay many Indians undiscovei'ed untill the attack begun. 

It appears near all the warriors' on this side of De Troit were on this 
expedition ; some allow 600 or more." 

Major Bulgar was mortally wounded, and is since dead." 

Col: Jossph Nevill to Govr. Harrison. August Slst 


I received your last Letter appointing me surveyor of this State, to Hampshire 
meet the Surveyor of the State of Pennsylvania, in Order to run a Tem- ^* 
porary Boundary Line, which I shall undertake if Life and health will 
permit. I have also agreeable to your Orders, ordered the 150 militia of 
this County to hold themselves in readiness in case they should be want- 
ing, but what will be done for arms I am at a Loss, as many of the 
militia men's guns has been taken from them at the Different Drafls and 
by changing them for muskets when at camp, and others lost, so that 
the one half of the men of this County has not Arms, neither Doe those 
that has Guns Like to Spear (spare) them at this critical time. I had 
30 muskets from the County Lieutenant of Frederick Last spring when 
the Comp'y was ordered from this County to the assistance of Monon- 
galia, which I am afraid will prove short of what will want Guns of 150 


1 have the Honour, to be Sir, 

Your most obedient, Humbl' Servant." 

Theo: Bland Jnr: J. Madison jnr & A. Lee to Gov: Harrison. August — 

" Sir 

We have been duly hon'd with your Excellency's of the 8th Inst. Philadelphia 
Since our last such a dearth of Intelligence has prevail'd that not one 
circumstance worth relating has reached this place or Congress fjpom 
Europe or elsewhere. We have only to inform your Excellency that 
among the prisoners arriv'd at this Place, from Mill and fortune Prisons 
in England (from whence all the American Marine Prisoners have been 
sent to America) were about forty belonging to our State, who have 
applied to us for relief. 


1782. Yr: Excellency well knows that no provision has been put into our 

August — power for such purposes, which are very frequently occurring, notwith- 
standing we have frequently urged the Policy and necessity of it. On 
this occasion, both Policy & Humanity have dictated to us, to endeavor 
to procure, by a draught on the treasury of Virginia to the amount of 
about thirty pounds Pennsylvania Currency, which we hope will be 
honored, and for which wo hope we shall stand exculpated, when 'tis 
considered that inattention to this useful body of men in their distress 
might deprive the commerce of the State of their services, of which it 
at present stands so much in need. 

We have the Hon'r to be, most respectfully 

Yr: Exceirv's most obed*t Serv'ts." 

Septem. Ist CoL: John Donelson to Gov: Harrison. 

Lincoln Co. "Two Chicasaw warriors and Mr. Simon Burney a white man came 
*^y* in with flag from that nation and presented a pice of wrighting from 
their King and others of their Chiefs soliciting a peace with these states: 
a copy whereof you will receive by this conveyance from Colo. Logan 
the commanding officer of this county. Those people urges for their 
justification that Col: Clark^s building a Fort and Garrison and settling 
a number of families in their country without their privity or consent 
made it necessary to take up arms, " to defend what they deemed their 
native right, that the cause being in some measure removed, they 
Declare this desire to be at peace with those states again" — 

In view of the terrible losses in the battle with the Shawnees on the 
19th of August, and the unprotected situation of the frontiers and inhabi- 
tants. Col: Donelson urges the appointment of Commissioners to nego- 
ciate a peace, and suggests the French -Lick on Cumberland River, as 
the place most agreable to the Chicasaws, for a meeting. The writing, 
or Talk, brought by the Chicasaw warrior and Simon Burney is signed 
by Poymace Tankaw, Mingo Homaw Tuskon Patapo and Paymingo, 
with their several "marks," and is a copy of the original, enclosed in 
Col: Logan's Letter of Aug. 30th, 1782. 

Septem. Ist John Tebbs writes to Col: Davies desiring to know whether the Coun- 

Point of cil have decided upon his application to be allowed to draw goods from 

^^""^ the store not fit for soldiers' clothes. He urges a decision, in as much 

as, ti^less this be done, he will not be able to leave the post ** without 

selling what little wearing Apparel " he has. 


Francis Willis jnr: to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

In regard to the suspicion that one Mr. Booth is carrying on an illicit Septem. Ist 
Trade with the Enemy &c — The Governor is informed Mr. Booth is 
"one of the merc'ts who was taken at York & has heen suffered still to 
remain among us" and is doubtless trading on the goods he brought 
with him. However further enquiries shall be made, and steps taken 
accordingly. "He is lately married a widow of considerable property, 
by name Mrs. Jones; her Husband Eman'r Jones formerly one of the 
masters at the College.'* 

Saml: Hyde Saunders to the Governor. Septem. 2d 

He had been employed by the County Commissioners of Provisions to Powhatan 
receive all the wheat brought to his mill on public account and manu- ^' 
facture it into flour. This he did, and delivered the flour to the persons 
authorized by the Commissionere to receive it. Many of these were 
waggoners and canoe-men, negro slaves who could not write and of coui'se 
could not sign receips — Had he failed to deliver the flour when so 
needed, serious results might have followed — He is now pressed for a 
settlement of his accounts by the District Commissioner, and he is called 
upon for his receipt — For the reasons above given he cannot produce 
them, but can produce evidence of the delivery of the flour, provided 
his Excellency will appoint some "gentleman of experience and good 
reputation" in the neighborhood, with power to look into the transac- 
tion &c. 

Joseph Savage to Gov: Harrison. Septem. 2d 

He has just been informed by Genl: Muhlenberg that under the late Cumberland 
Acts of Congress, all appointments of oflScera in the Va. Line, must ^Id Ct. 
originate from the Executive of that State — In the changes proposed to 
be made He claims the rank of "Full Surgeon" — In February 1779, he 
was appointed Surgeon's mate to the 2d Va. Begt: & marched with it to 
the South, when under command of Colo. Neville, Doct. Roberts being 
the Surgeon — March Ist 1780, Doct: Roberts resigned at Richmond, 
upon which he at once applied to Genl: Woodford commanding the 
"Line" for his "Right as senior mate" but was answered that the Sur- 
geon Genl: of Army was the person authorized to appoint." 

The troops were then on the march to S. Carolina, where he was soon 
afterwards made prisoner of war and remained so 'till the 12th June 
1781 — upon application to Surg: Genl: Brown, ho order him to consider 
himself a "Surgeon in the said Line," but could not assign him to a 


1782. regiment until he understood the nature of the "new arrangement." 
SepU'm. 2d Considering himself a Surgeon, under authority of Br. Brown on his 
return he applied to Grenl: Muhlenberg for an appointment, but received 
the information referred to above. Under the circumstances, his claim 
he contends fairl}'^ existed before the passage of the Act of Congress — 
Under the last '* arrangement" the Va. Line consists of eight Regiments, 
and only six surgeons. While he was a prisoner of war Dr. Monro one 
of them, was appointed, altho' a "junior mate" to himself. Since his 
return "Doctors Davis and Monro "have been appointed as Ensign" — 
He thinks each surgeon entitled to the same Privilege, and begs his 
Excellency will lay the matter before the Council for final settlement, 
for which he will wait at the "Genl: Rendezvous." 

Septem. 2d CoL: John Gibson to Col: Wm. Davies. 

"Dear Colonel 
Fort Pitt This moment I was honoured with yours of the 22d of 

August per Express. Inclosed is a return of the officers of my Reg't 
now here and of those three who went last from this place to join the 
troops with you. Inclosed is a narrative* of Doctor Knight, by which 
you will be made acquainted with the inhuman sufferings of our late 
worthy friend Colo. Crawford, and of the Fortitude with which he bore 
them to the last. I am sorry to hear that the Assembly of the Ancient 
Dominion has done nothing for us, however still hope they will consider 
our services. An Expedition is in agitation here against Sanduskey, 
Genl: Irwin to command, the proposal from the people, they are to 
furnish one thousand men from the militia, and also horses. Hour and 
cattle at their own Expence unless the states will in future pay them. 
The Genl: takes one hundred of the regulars from this post which is 
nearly half the number here. I am much afraid it will not be carried 
into execution as the people are much divided. Should the Expedition 
take place I am to goe with the Genl: and hope in a few days after our 
return to pay you a visit at Richmond — The General is hurrying the 
Express &c — 

Just as I was closing my letter I rcc'd a letter from Clarke at the 
Falls of Ohio dated the lOtb of August, he writes me every thing was 
then quiet, that he had sent the Express as ho had learned by Major 
Wailes, Genl: Irwin intended carrj'ing our Expedition into the Indian 
Country, in order to fix the time when the Genl: would move, that he 
might make an Excursion at the same time." 

I am &c. &c. 

* Not found. 


Capt: John Peyton to Col: Da vies. 1782. 

Septcm. 3d 
Suggesting the propriety of exchanging certain articles he has for Point of 
material suitable for Soldiers' clothing. Ho has again applied to Mr. 
Hay for a supply of leather, buttons &c., without which his workmen 
will soon be entirely idle. No Arms yet arrived. Mr. Ross* canoes, 
which go down this week, and which will be kept constantly running, 
has been employed to bring up, as back loads the Arms at Richmond 
and Westham. As soon as they arrive, a Guaixi will be necessary. A 
number of "Runaway negroes joined by a few white men" have of late 
been doing mischief in the neighborhood. Any Inoc. Soldiers belonging 
to the State will "answer for that duty & clearing the Streets at this 
Post, which much want it." 

Chas: Dick to Col: Davies. Septem. 4th 

He has repaired " 110 muskets" and "new Slocks & mounted 22" in Fredericks- 
all 133, "which is as much as can be done with five or six Hands." The ^"^^ 
artificers are much "chagreen'd, having heard that .those at Richmond 
bad received their warrants for pay. Continues "How far this is true 
and if they better deserve it, you are the best Judges. And also, why I 
was not includ'd, or meant, as Public Armourer, having applied by means 
of Mr. James Hunter with my vouchers, and was denied any assistance 
that way, which goes very hard with me, as I am no Camelion, more 
than any one in the Civil List, & have 2 years owing me, 12th of this 

I could still keep a tolerable number at work had they, I may say, 
anything to cover them, being entirely Ragged; and if from the Public 
Store a little cou'd be spared, it would be of infinite service; such as 
about two or three p^cs of Oznaburgs for Trowsei's and working shirts, 
a few p'cs of white Hnnen for shirts &c. good coarse shoes and stockings 
&c." This would much relieve them as there is no money and it is a 
case of necessity. 

Mr. Saml: Griffin to Perkin & Coutly Dr. Septem. 4th 

To a New Pair of Silver Mounted Pistols, £30.0.0 Philadelphia 

Col: Chas: Dabney to Gov: Harrison: Septem. 4th 


Your Excellency's leter of the 28th Aug: with a Copy of Mr. York Town 
Lowry^s memorial I have received. I thank your Excellency for the 
opportunity you have given me to answer his long list of charges, and 


1782. am very sory you shou'd be troubled with this disagreeable business. I 
Septem. 4th have always carefully avoided entering into disputes with the inhab- 
itants, and' can assure your Excellency this is the first I have ever had 
during a service of near seven years. The inclos'd paper contains 
an8wei*8 to the complaints set forth in Mr. Lowry*s memorial, they are 
sign'd by the officers who were quartered on him, and I believe them to 
be facts. On receiving 3'our Excellency's orders to Station the Cavalry 
on back River, I ordor'd Capt. Armstead's Troop to Lowry's, not from 
a (pique) as he supposes, but on account of the pasturage, and thinking 
it a proper post to defend that part of the Country from the Enemies 
Barges. Soon after the Troop was quartered on him, he wrote to Col : 
Lavalette, who commanded at that time at this place, requesting him to 
come down and send thom to the Bay. After finding the Col : wou'd not 
com pi}' with his request, he moved great part of his pasture fence, for 
no other purpose, I am very certain, but to compel me to move the 
Troop. Had Mr. Lowry's complaints been just, I shou'd think the most 
speedy way of his getting redress wou'd have been to apply to me as 
Commanding Officer, which he has not done in a single instance, altho' 
I have been several times at his House. The charge of ray taking four 
beeves from him is true. Afler being four days in Hampton without a 
single ration of meat to Issue to the Troops, and no prospect of an 
immediate supply, I was drove to the disagreeable necesity of seizing a 
few heaves, and being inform'd b}^ several of the gentlemen of that place, 
that Mr. Lowry was no loser by the enemy, and had a large number of 
cattle, I sent my Quarter Master to him, with written instructions, to 
show him the necessity of taking this disagreable step. I beg leave to 
observe to your Excellency that part of those men who have signed 
their names as witness to the truth of Lowry's complaints, from their 
fondness for British protections, and wishing to see a dispute between 
the Civil and Military, has taken uncommon pains to promote this 
diffrence between Lowry and myself Agrcable to your Excellency's 
ordere, I have order'd the Troops from Lowry s. 

I have the honor to be. 
Your Excellency's most obot : Serv't. 

Capt: W. Armsteud, Lieut N. L. Savage and Cornet Graves of the 2d 
Troop State Cavalry reply, in the paper referred to, that Lowry's planta- 
tion was selected only on account of the pasterage in it; that the room 
taken as their quarters was "pointed out to their quarter master" by 
himself as one he could spare. All possible care was taken "to pi*event 
the Soldiery from injuring him in person or property" — guards placed 
to prevent their horses from getting into his enclosures, altho* he chose 
to move his fences, especially one which had stood "Ten years," and that 
the damage done to his crops was small, and was chiefly by his own 
stock; that the}' punished "his negroes for having the assurance to beat 
a small soldier Boy that waited on Capt: Armstead" — that the most 


•pointed orders has been giving the Soldiei*s not to insult the family. 1782. 
We are informed they have frequently ondeavor'd to degrade them, and Septem. 4th 
do not doubt but the soldiers, in their turn has made use of insulting 
Language." The Brew-house was occupied but a few days, and was 
vacated upon his application and the soldiei*s went into the fields w^hero 
they are now; that he has never complained to them of his grievances, 
but has always treated them & the Soldiers with contempt. From the 
whole tenor of his conduct, they regard him an '*Enemy to his Coun- 
try" — he has frequently been seen ^'sitting and drinking with one of 
our musicians who was formerly a British Soldier" and who has since 
made an attempt to escape. 

Col: Wm. Fleming to the Governor. Septem. 4th 

Desiring instructions and certain information, in regard to the duties Botetourt 
of the Com missioned to settle the Land claims in Montgomery and ^^' 
Washington Counties, and who will set out early in October. 

Mr. Innes, who was appointed to succeed Mr. Daniel Smith resigned, 
cannot possibly attend on account of his wife's serious illness. Mr. 
Caleb Wallace has been added to the Commission — In as much as there 
is good ground for apprehending violence, and other attempts to inter- 
rupt the business of the Commissioner, he suggests they be allowed to 
determine tlieir own time and place for holding their sessions, and be 
attended by a sheriff and escort of militia &c. The Secretary should be 
allowed a horse to be purcliascd for cash. Any money intended for the 
membei*s of the Commission ma}' be salely entrusted to the hands of 
Mr. An<lrcw Armstrong '*a carefull, and pei*son of property" &c — 

Col: Davis to the (iovkknor. Septem. 4th 


The time is ap|)roaching when Mr. liobertson will have a right to War Office 
demand ]»ayment for j>ast supplies: and I am fearful the Treasury will 
not have the money, after discharging the claims to which the appro- 
priation Act gives the preference. There are a considerable number of 
materials that belonged formerly to the rope-walk, which may be dis- 
jK>sed of to sale, if it should be thought best. 

AVe have no fund for the repair of the Arms as all my exertions have 
been able to procure but a trifle from the specific collections. AVith that, 
J have had some arms repaired, have got all the cannon out of Paniun- 
key and |)roperly fixed on skidds, and am in hopes soon to be able, if I 
can make punctual payments, to have those iiiised that are in Chicka- 
hominy. I ask your Excellency's Orders concerning the ropery mate- 
rials, and have the honor to be 

your most obedient and humble Servant. 


1782. The Governor in reply, endorses the above with an order to the Com- 

Scptem. 4th missioner of War, *4br the sale of the ropery material & that ye raoney 
arising therefrom be applied to the payment of the debt due upon con- 
tract, to Mr. Robertson." 

Septem. 4th Wm. Reynolds to Col : Davies. 


The Cannon on the beach near Doctor Foshees is spoilt by the 
enemy, as are numbers In And about Richm'd. I want men to assist 
these Invaleeds of the Laboratory in Raising & removing the Cannon — 
I have sent to Warwick to know the situation of that Cannon, pro- 
vided there is a necessity to carry the shears down, it might be con- 
venient could we get a vessel to bring the cannon up. 

I am Sir, 

your mo: obed: Serv't." 

Septem. 5th Col: Davies encloses to the Governor, the testimony of Wm. Rose, 
War Office Keeper of the Public Jail, to the good behavior of one Thos: Hyde a 
British prisoner, who desires to become a citizen; and whose detention 
in the Country might become important, as a witness in the trial of the 
Nansemond Prisoners accused of Treason, and of the man charged with 
the murdeuof Capt: Knott. 

Septem. 6th Capt: H. Young requests Col: Davies to order a Court Martial for the 

Richmond trial of Laurence Carver, a Soldier of Colo. Dabney's Legion. He will 

"be glad to be of the Court as Carver has behaved very much amiss." 


Elizabeth In regard to collecting the specific tax and enlisting men **for the 
City County ^rmy of the United States"— The militia have been divided into classes 
of *' fifteen able bodied men each, adding the property of the exempts to 
the different classes" — He has failed in tbe enlistments, but in lieu 
thereof has collected one Eighth part of the Tax, amounting to upwards 
of "one Hundred & forty pounds." — No person refuses to pay, but for 
the want of money — He thinks the money will be i*eady in due time. 

Septem. 6th RiCH'D YaRBOROUGH TO RiCHD: BlOW. 

Dinwiddie Giving reasons why ho has not been able to furnish the flour intended 
^^- for Mr. Harrison — He has a large quantity of wheat at Colo. Brook ins 
Mill, which will now be manufactured and sent down — 


HicHARD Henry Lee to Benj. Harrison, Gov'r op Virginia. 1782. 

^. Sep tern. Cth 

"Sir * 

''I have now the honor to transmit to 3'our Excellency an account Chantelly 
of the manner in which the act of last session for rccruitin*^ the Army 
has been executed in this county. The militia having been laid off into 
classes according to Law, our number amounted to 88 and you will see 
by the list inclosed how each class hath as yet acquitted itself. Not a 
man has been found, but £259.5..3J specie has been paid to me, and I 
have reason to expect the ballance daily. When the collectoi's have 
made returns of defaultees, warrants have issued in the nature of exe- 
cutions against such defaultees. Nothing as yet can be done with the 
collector failing to make return, until a meeting of the Court shall 
])resent an opportunity of making motions against them. I am now to 
rcr|uest that your Excellency will direct an officer to come and receive 
this money, for it remains here at very great risk from the pirates that 
infest this river and the bay. A stout Barge of the enemy was off the 
mouth of Coan (about 15 miles below this) a few days ago; and they 
contrive to get such accurate information of the State of things on land, 
that I have not the least doubt but that they know long ere now, that 
the houses of the ( Jounty Lieutenants are the depositories of the Sol- 
diers Tax and will consequently exert themselves to get possession of 
the money. This indeed suggests the propriety of quickly removing 
this collection from all the counties contiijiious to the Water, for tho' 
there is no danger from attempts in the open day, where pains have 
been taken to arm & Encourage the militia, yet nothing is easier to these 
pirates, as every days experience proves, than to land in the night and 
to plunder — houses two or three miles from the Shore and return with 
Safety to their vessels before day, or any force can be collected to punish 
them. It is greatly unfortunate for this country that no exertions are 
made to defend its honor and interest uj)on the water within the very 
bowels of the State. It is not only the more general and open com- 
merce that is destro3'ed, but even the small interior trade is ruined, so 
that no possible channel is left open for the industry of the people to 
collect money for their produce, and therefore no possible means left 
for the future payment of taxes. The soldiers tax with the land tax, 
will glean up the Specie so effectually from this county, that I verily — 
believe not ^ve pounds will remain within it, nor any method of getting 
more that now presents. It may not be amiss to apprise the officer 
coming for this money, that almost the whole is in Silver, very weighty 
and bulky and rendering it necessary that he should come provided 
with suitable means for carrying it off." 

I have the honor to be your Excellencies' most obedient 
humble Servant" — 



1782. J. Ambler, Treasurer, to the Executive. 

Sep tern. 6lh 
Treasury Enclosin*^ "Lists of the Tobacco and Flour received" in hij» office to 
date, under the "Act for ascertaining certain Taxes and Duties, and for 
establishing a pennanent Revenue." 

Crop Tohacco — 136 IIogshea<N — weighing 149.563 pounds nett. 

Transfer Tobacco— U " " 6.225 *• 

Stored at the several warehouses viz: Davis' 13. at Rocky Ridge. 1. 
Blauford, 7. Boll : Brook, 20. Robt. Boiling's 24. Osborne's 2. Byrds, 
3. Warwick 1. Denbigh 3. To<lds 1. Montapike 3. Ayletts 4. 
Frazers 5. Shepards 1. Page's 11. Meri weathers 4. Toluskey. (J 
Deep Creek, 1. Indian 4. Cat Point 8. F'almouth 1. (^hiscock 1. 
Urbanna 1. Boyde's Hole 1. Noming 2. Wico' North 2. Quantico 2. 
Mattox 3. South Quay 1. 

Flour — 21 Barrels recM at Petersburg, weighing 4116 pounds. 


Septem. 7th CoL: Arthi R Campbell to Gov: Harrison. 

Washington Your letter of the 23d July last reached me jesterdaj'. The over- 

tures lor peace from the Cherokee Chocomogga Towns, and onl}' one 
feeble attack made this Summer by the Northward Indians, together 
with the difficulty of procuring provisions, induced me to order out only 
one half the number of men agreed on at the Council of Officei's. 

Your Kxcellenc}' might have spared the reflection, ha<l you been 
informed by whom the objection was made, and insisted on, for one 
officer to take charge of the Militia of both Counties to be ordered on 

Frugality in expenditures have always been a very serious considera- 
tion with mo in my public transactions during the war. in proof which 
I could mention more than one well known instance, which if others in 
more important stations had as scrupulously observed, our public credit 
might not have been brought so deplorably low; and our finances so 
exceedingly deranged — 

I am. Sir, ver}' Respectfully 

3'our most obedient & very Humble Servant — 

P. S. We have a report of a severe action with the Indians lately in 
the Kentucky Count r}'. the account received is so imperfect I cannot 
venture to mention particulars — A. C." 

Septem. 7th John Timberlako l)ep : Clerk, gives list of Inhabitants, taken by onler 
Fluvanna of the Court— Whites— 1985— Blacks 1330. total 3315. 



Jno: Robertson to Col: Da vies. 1782. 

vSt'i torn. 8th 
He has sufficiently recovered from his recent illness to write and ride Cartor's 
about a little; has been '^exceeding uneasy about the supplies of the ^^^^ 

troops below — will in a day or two send 200 galls: l^randy down to 
Colo. Dabney, and has paid Mr. Henning for his Whiskey. After refer- 
ring to arrangements for disposing of beeves in Amelia belonging to the 
State, saj's ''I have settled the Post at the Point of Fork ' <fe contracted 
with Mr. McClacklin & Mr. Cob to supply provisions until Jany: 1st, 
im<h»r bond — &c. 

Christ : Calvert writes to the Governor, he has paid all "the State Sopiem. 9tli 
money collected" to Capt: Thos Brown; but that he ''may depend there South Qhhv 
will bt» but little duty Rec'd hear, unless some step taken with Wine 

Harry Innes to Gov: Harrison. Soptom. 9ih 

(living rca.sons why he had declined the aj)pointment of "Assistant 
Judge in the Kentucky District." The salary is too small to tempt him 
to give up "ye practice of the Law. But should Mr. Todd decline to 
accept the office of Jut'ge, and the Executive should confer that appoint- 
ment upon him he will accept it, or should the Legislature increase the 
Salaries of the Assistants he will still act &c. In any event however, he 
cannot attend in that County this Fall, because of his not being able to 
arrange his domestic affairs in time. 

Will consider himself greatly honoured should he be nominated, 
"among the number of persons to be ballotted for," should the Assembly 
again take up the matter. 


Col: Armand to the Governor of Virginia. Sepiem. 9th 


J have receive<i your favor in answer to my last latter. I request Cnnip 
your acceptance of my thanks for the Justice your Excellency is willing 
to give to the military line through an unfortunate soldier of my legioiv 
I have also received your letter of the 2d present. I am surprised Mr. 
McKlehenry has made any application or even mention of his hoi-se 
being taken from him. that horse is a continental one branded Light 
Dragoons, who was taken by the Enemj- & retaken at York, which 
instances render it my unavoidable duty to retake him & which J am 
authorised to do by your last proclamation — it is true J have taken 
eleven horses the greatest part of them continentals, one strayed or 
stoilen from our army. I have taken two which two of our deserters 


1782. had carryed of with them & the people wishing reither to keap the horses 
Septem. 0th than to deliver up to us the desarters & horses had leat go the formers — 
I have taken four that were in the enemy's service, had been stoUen 
from our army, <& did never belong to those who had them in their pos- 
session — no force has been made use of for the recovery of those horses, 
the civil othority has been consulted & since Colonel Mathews is in this 
part of the country his advices k nothing more have been followed — I 
would be sorrv to conceive even that the orders I receive from the Com- 
mandcr in chiei' <fc those he has given & may give for the future should 
interfere with the internal government of this or any othei-s of the 
States — in that case he could do something improper, which indeed all 
the world knows it is not in the power of his nature to do — therefore 
reither than to expose his great character to the lightest suspicion of 
impropriety in one instance, I had relinquished as far as in the bounds 
of ni}' power the rights his orders gave me, since they appeared to be 
in opposition with the wishes of the nevv magistration of this State. 

T had orders to take avery one of the horses taken at the seige of 
York. I had orders to retake every horse taken since the 27th July 
1781 un till the seige of York, those orders were extensive. I could 
have recovered more than one hundred horses in six countys of this 
state, but I answer so iar your wishes that I have not pursued any 
method for recovering those which had been retaken by their true & 
first owners, & that I have onl}' retaken some of those which were in 
the hands of people who had no right at all to them, and not the least 
violence has been made use of — 

There is a man in this neighbourhood who has in his possession one 
of my own legion horses who was taken by the enemy while that cor}>8 
was employed in the defence of this state, has been retaken & brought 
from our Army by a man then in the militia & now inlisted in my legion, 
who confess he took it from the publick — I have made application: the 
man will not give it up. he has it 3'et & I know no means of getting 
him back — this fact must be an undoubted proof of my not acting 
against the rights of the people — if upon application they deliver their 
horses freely, then in taking them I answer my orders & certainly in 
that case can not be" accused of acting against the rights of the people. 

I am sorry that the believe you give to accounts of men who have 
nothing more to do in this contest, but to be a burden to both the civil 
& military, because they are of no advantage in either of those lines, 
has engaged your Excellency to mention at the final of your letter, that 
3'ou are far from putting the power of determining the property of the 
people over whom you presid*?, into the hands of those with whom you 
can not by any means trust it — this can not concern his excellency the 
Commander in chief. Since not only the Virginians but all americans 
enjoy the fruits of the extensive powei-s they put into the hands of that 
great man — this must then concern me — but Sir, permit me to ask how 
I have shown my mind of determining on the rights of the people & 


even on their wrongs, & who could jissure, that should that power be 1782. 
offered to me, my eireuniHtances would permit me to look upon it as an Septem. yth 
advantage — now Sir, I am far from wishing to determien when T obey 
orders, & I would not accept of the right of determining — I am neither 
wanting report, credit fortune & proportion of right of deter- 
mining, where I was born to enjoy them — I am here merely to the 
increase of reputation in that character in which I am placed since my 
infancy. I do bound my wishes in America — in addition to it, friend- 
ships for this country, policy for own quietude & my natural inclinations 
ingage to follow with care such laws <& privileges of the people as are 
established from time to time by their representatives & which may 
come to my knowledge — the perpetual hindrance which the military 
encounter with, from the civil othority in the times of rest has not dis- 
couraged me. I know what are republican states in their raising to 
their freedom, my veneration for a virtuous & free constitution is high 
& not to be equaled but by my perpetual wishes & endeavour to con- 
tnbute of my person & fortune to the establishment of it. 

I have the honour to be Sir, 

your most obt. Servt — 

I have receivc<l a letter from the minister at war, who says that he 
expects the enemy will move soon from Charleston." 

Col: Chas: Cameron to Col: Wm. Daviks. Sepiem. 0th 

lie is grieved to hear of the distressed situation of Col: Willson and Staunton 
the people in that quarter — he has given them every assistance in his 
j»ower, and had instructed the Commissioners of Kockingham Co. to 
reserve the "specifics raised in that County" for the troops on the 
frontier, under Col: Evans or Col: Wilson. And altho' he had notified 
Col: Armand of this, his waggons had several times been suj>plied upon 
their applying to C'ol: Harrison for those very articles. 

For this reason Col: Wilson's command is now suffering, and he has 
not the means of affording him any relief He has no money with 
which to purchase the Salt ordered for him, and if he had it, could not 
afford transportation "as there is no such thing here as j)ublic credit." 
He can find no one willing to undertake the repairing the Public arms, 
and cannot well estimate the cost, but thinks it cannot be done for less 
than "Ten or fifteen shillings Each." The locks are out of order, ram- 
rods, and new stocks to be made, and very few have bayonets. He has 
in vain made efforts to bring the Co. Commissioners to a settlement, and 
desires instructions as to what he shall do, in these cases, as well as in 
those, when they have acted as Commissaries and (^. Masters to the 
militia, and have accounts to settle accordingly. 


1782. Jolin Youn^^Iiusharui writes to his brother Isaac Younghusband Ht 

Scptciii. KHli KichinoiHl, \w lias just arrived with his family and iuriiiture in a **mnall 

llaiiiptoM sclKKHiei/' and be^s lie will intercede with the Governor to allow him tu 

become a 'Subject to America," though still on his parole. Asks to be 

alloweii to go u|) the river &c. The application refused by the Governor. 

Septem. loili Thkod. Hland Jnr: J. Madison Jnh: «b Jos: Jones to Gov: Harrison. 

Philadelphia Your Excellency's favor of the 23 and 30 ulto. were roc*d yesterday. 

Not recollecting that any resolution of Congress cleclarator}' of their 
ultimate senee with regard to confiscations have been published, we. 
apprehend that some mistake must have led to your remarks on that 
subject. The Journals of Congress for 1779 are not yet Compleated. As 
soon as thej' are you shall be furnished with a copy. The propriety of 
applications to the British Commander for restriction of slaves having 
never been agitated in Congress, it is impossible for us to inform you 
with certainty, in what light such a step would be view by them. We 
can (»nly say that in general all separate & partial transactions between 
individual States an<l the Enemy are considered as disaccording with the 
Spirit of the Confe<leracy, that a solicitation of favors from the Enemy 
at this juncture may not be vei»y politic: and that there does not appear 
to us any sufficient evidence that the application in question if made 
would be attended with success. 

The loss of the '*Magnifique*' a French ship of 74 guns in the Har- 
bour of Boston, was thought by Congress, a fit occasion for testifying 
their sense of the exertion of our Allv in favor of the U. States, and 
they have accordingl}' directed the ship America to be presented to the 
Chevr. de la Luzerne for the service of his most Christian Majesty. 

(lenemi Washington has moved with the Chief part of his Army 
d<nvn to Verplanks point. Seven ships of the line, part of a fleet from 
the West Indies, commanded by Admiral Hood are arrived at New York : 
and 15,(M)0 foreign troops have embarked at that place for Halifax. 

The Gazette herewith enclosed contains all the intelligence which has 
yet transpired from the Packet lately arrived at N. York from England. 
Congress are still destitute of intelligence from their ministei's in Europe. 
The Minister of France is in the same predicament with respect to his 

It may not ]»erliaps be amiss to suggest to your E.KcelTy that advan- 
tage will probably l>e taken of this seeming reverse in the prospect of 
peace, to speculate on the Staple of Virginia. Wo hope our Countrv 
men will be on their guard against such artifices. 

We have the honor to be with sentiments of the highest regard. 

yr: Excell'y's obt. Servts." 


"To THE Chicasaw Chiefs, &c. 1782. 

" Brothei-8, Septem. 10th 

This Letter is on a subject that concerns the Chicasaws and Falls of Ohio 
araericans much. I mean the Establishment of a town for the conve- 
nience of trade at the mouth of Ohio, where the old Fort stood, you 
know that the great Rivens center there, so that the traders can send 
their goods from that place to Every Quarter of this great country, and 
very convenient for your nation in particular, as it lies near to your 
hunting grounds. The merchants can convey their goods to the mus- 
ehel shoals by water or by Land, as Either way is convenient; and such 
trade between us would more finally fix that good understanding that 
each party seem to wish for. And now we have become brothers again, 
wo would not wish to do any thing towards fixing a post without con- 
sulting you & geting j^our consent, which we hope to do, and are willing 
to pay you for any little tract of land you will let us have, we dont 
want much, but you know a place so well situated for trade as that is, 
must soon become a great town, and that it will take a good many peo- 
ple to Raise provisions to supply it. Suppose you was to let us have 
that little tract of country between the Mississippi, Tenesee & Ohio 
Rivers. That a lino should be market, beginning on the Mississippi, 
twenty two miles south of where the fort stood and Running, an East 
Course to the Tenesee River. This Includes but a small tract of land; 
about enough to maintain the Inhabitants of the town that may be 
built, which is all we want, at the same time the Roads thro' this land 
may be open for the Chicasaw warriors, and no Virginian shall presume 
Even to hunt or cut a stick of wood over that boundary line without 
your consent. That the line shall be marked plain, so that no person 
may be deceived in it, and that it shall forever be a boundary between 
you and the Virginians. I make no doubt but you will agree to this 
reasonable proposal, as it must be so much to your advantage in having 
a good and convenient trade in a very short time after the settlement 
shall be made, and goods will be much cheaper every year, as the tra- 
ders will be able to buy their provisions cheap from the farmers that 
will settle round the town. I am in hopes you will think as I do Respect- 
ing this affair. Capt: George who treats with you on the subject of 
peace is also Im powered to lay this matter before you, and to do all 
things therein, that ma}' seem good to both parties. And as I Expect 
our friendship is tixt forever I hope he will meet with no Difficulty in 
getting you to agree to what is proposed, as it will further convince 
your brothel's the Americans, of your attachment to them — 

I am &c. &c." 




Septem. 10th *^*' ^" 

Fort Nelson "I Recoiv'd your speech that you sent by Mr. Bumey and the young 
warnoi-s which you sent with him. I am glad to find that you are 
inclined to piece. The Americans are always ready to take those by 
the hand that wish to be in friendship with them, and as ready to 
sharpen the tomahawk against those that wish to darken the sky. You 
know you struck the Americans first in favor of the English. It was 
after that the fort was built at the mouth of the Ohio to watch your 
motions, as well as the Cherokees and Waponockys, to Encourage 
trade &c — 

"But the Soldiers wore withdi'awn from that place for a short time, 
with our Intention to prepare and send a greater body of men and pro- 
visions. But now we are like to be friends and brothers no such thing is 
necessary. Except such Settlem'ts as shall be agreed on hereafter between 
us for the mutual advantage of both nations. You mention in your talk 
that you would not fall out with your fathers the English that always 
supply'd (you) with necessaries &c. It gives me a good oppinion of you 
to find you are greatfull, but you have a wrong Idea. The People that 
formerly furnished you were the Americans that live on the same land 
that you do, and not the English that live beyond the great water, that 
are flattering you, with an intention to make Slaves of the whole of us. 
I dont think you know the cause of the War between the Americans & 
the English, as you have only had bad words among you, sent by the 
English to delude you. I here explain to you. The Americans not 
many yeara ago, was as one people with the English and took part in 
all their \Yar8 &c. until lately the English got proud and wanted to 
make Slaves of the Americans, saying that all the lands was theii-s from 
the Rising to the Seting Sun. They brought great Armies among us to 
Oblige us to do what they pleas'd, and made the Americans pay double 
price for all the goods they bought and would hot let us trade with any 
nation but themselves. And obliged the Americans to pay dear 
for all the land they raised corn on, an«l if a Hunter kil'd a deer they 
took the skin and only let him have the meat for his wife and children, 
saying they would soon oblige all the Red people to do so too. They 
even went so far as to offer to stop the American women from making 
any blankets to cover their children, and oblig'd us to pay no Regard to 
the good Rules laid down by the Councels of our old men, but made 
laws for us as they pleas'd, Kiling some of our people that would not 
obey them, nor would they listen to any thing we had to say for our- 
selves. Such Cruelty occasion'd us to be poor and naked. We knew 
how to make Every thing if the English would let us, but we were 
oblig'd to buy from them for what price they pleas'd — Not being able 
to bear it any longer, all our wise men assembled at a great Council-tire, 


make the tomahawk very sharp and pul it into the hands of our great 1782. 

warriors, and told them to collect their young men and strike the Septem. 10th 

English as long as they could find one on this land. Many battles was 

fought in which the English was beat — They cal'd all the people to their 

assistance deluding them with presents, as you are witness, saying to 

themselves they would hire the Red people to scalp the Americans and 

at las make slaves of the whole, but all hath been in vain. Two of 

their great armies was Kil'd and made prisoners. The French and 

Spaniards Join'd the Americans, and in a short time after the Dutch, 

another great nation Join'd us and said the English had no right, nor 

should not make slaves of the Americans, so that the English are obliged 

now to keep close in their Forts. And I expect in a short time the 

name of an Englishman wont be heard in the land. And all the Red 

people that continues to fight for them will be put fi'om under the sun, 

while those that are in friendship with the Americans, French and 

Spaniards, will flourish as the green trees. I am a man and a warrior 

& dont dissemble. Believe what I tell you to be true. The Red people 

have as great a right to strike the English as the Americans have. 

But we only want them to sett still and look on, we are able to fight 

them ourselves. I have fully explain'd the nature of the war to you. 

Do you be carefuU and have it well interpi*etcd to you, and dont be 

Imposed on. You see what great Right we had to make war on the 

English, and how wrong the Red people was in fighting against us. 

And the Ruler of all things has continued to clear our eyes and cast a 

mist on our Enemies, so that there is shortly like to be a piece thro 

the land. 

I Receiv'd Copies of the talks you got from the Illinois arid was glad 
to find you Receiv'd them. I send you a few strings of wampum to 
Represent the sincerity of my heart, arid to bury the bones of the slain. 
And now call you my brothei*s, taking j'^ou by the hand, confirming the 
piece between you and the Americans, hoping that Each party will con- 
duct themselves so as that it may last as long as the waters flow. 
And that whenever we meet, we may smoke together as brothers ought 
to do, not Even Remember the' days of darkness, and that our blood for 
the future may be 3ear to Each other, now brothers as him that liveth 
above the clouds hath thought fit to Join our hearts and hands together 
as true friends and allies, would it not be well for you to consider the 
neighboring nations that live near you, the creeks and others that are 
at war against us, and let them know of the cloud that hovers over their 
land, if they do not lay down the tomahawk — The americans are free 
and generous, they hold piece in one hand & war in the other. It would 
be well in you to Recommend to those people to make choice in time 
otherways their children may cry, when they might laugh, as the Eng- 
lish will be no more. The great men of the Americans will be very 
glad to hear of this piece we have made, and I shall send letters thro' 
the land Every where proclaiming the piece that is now confirmed 


1782. between us. that the road8 between uo and you are made straight & 
Septem. 10th smooth. That the springs are sweet and the Rivers no longer trobled. 
But in order Brothers, to make this piece more solemn, I have sent 
Capt: George, one of my Officers, to Represent me at the great Council 
of your nation, and confirm what I have wrote to you. he is a warrier. 
believe what he says to you, as tho' I spoke it to you myself When he 
gives you his hand, you Receive the hands of all the Americans and I 
hope when you are in Counsel together that the sky may be clear, that 
all your talks may be for the good of both nations, and all people that 
will hoar them. Now Brothers Paymantahow, Mingahamaw, Tuskapa- 
tapo and Pymingo, I sign my name and fi.K my seal to this good talk 
that it may Remain as witness among you, hopeing that I receive 
another from you more agreeable than (he first — 

I am your loving brother &c. &c." 

Septem. 11th CoL: Levy Todd to Gov: Harrison & Council. 


Lexington Enclosed is a copy of the Recommendations made at our last court ; 

Fayette Co. g^ great a change proceeds from a cause truly lamentable, the Loss of 

our County Lieutenant, and a number of subaltans at the late attacks. 

Battle at but particularly at our defeat at the Blue Licks when the Enemy put us 

Blue Lick wholly to the Rout — the circumstances & particulai's are these — On the 

16th of August a party of Indians appeared at Bryants & by their 

behavior a large Party was supposed to lie round the Port. An Express 

was sent here, my Brother being absent, I went with about 30 men 

Discovery and force my way into the Fort, near Bryants I was joined 

with about 10 more, finding the enemy lay round, we attempted forcing 

our way. 17 men on Horseback rushed in, the greater part of rest 

being on Foot were prevented & overpowered, obliged to seek safety by 

flight with the Loss of one killed & 3 wounded, one of which died the 

Cols: Trig^ next morning — I immediately despatched an Express to Col: Trigg the 

and Todd &c ijigjj^j^t^ officer in Jjincoln, demanding assistance, & also Notice to Colo. 

Jno: Todd then in Lincoln — 

The Enemy commanded by Simon Girty made an attempt to fire tho 
Fort, but were prevented with much Loss, they however kept up a 
Smart fire till the morning of the 17th when they went off — the 
same evening Col: Jno: Todd & Colo. Trigg arrived with a party of 
men, who with what we could raise soon made 170. On the morning of 
the 18th we pursued on their Trail. On the morning of the 19th we 
came within sight of the Enemy about J of a mile, north of the lower 
Blue Licks — we dismounted & began the attack with vigour, from our 
left the enemy retreated & we gained ground. Our Right within a minute 
Defeat at or two gave way & found themselves to be flanked by the enemy. Our 
Blue LickB j^jjj^ d^q^^ gradually gave way from our Right to our Left till the whole 



broke Id Confusion. The action lasted about five minutes. Our Loss, afl 
near as we can ascertain is sixty six, among whom were our command- 
ing officer Col: John Todd, Col: Trigg, Capts: Gordon, McBride, Kinkaid 
& Overton, Major Harlan, Major Bulger (^who since died of his wounds) 
Mr. Jos: Lindsay & several gentlemen of note — the Enemy we suppose 
consisted of three or four Hundred — they took some prisoners, we sup- 
pose tho' very few, upwards of 40 were found, but we think a number 
more lay near the Battle ground. The Enemy must have suffered con- 
siderably, a great f>art of our men fought with much Resolution & 
Activity. The Conduct of the Officers is by soine censured & charged 
with want of prudence in attacking at any Rate, but as we had no 
chance to know their number, we thought ours was not much Inferior 
& supposed we should by a fierce attack throw them in confusion k break 
their Lines. We are much alarmed in this County & fear the Consequence 
will be very detrimental if government cannot give assistance, tho* our 
great dependence is that if the County surveyor would attend, we should 
be strengthened with additional settlers not a few — 

I am Sir, Your Excellency's most obedient 
& verj' Humble Servnt 

&c. &c. 


Septem. lUh 

Denths of 
C-oU. J no, 

others ♦ 

Conduct of 

the Officers 


To Governor Harrison of Virginia. 


The Officers. Civil as well as Military, of this County, beg the 
attention of your Excellency & the H'ble Council. The number of the 
Enemy that lately penetrated into our County, their Behaviour; adding 
to this our late unhappy defeat at the Blue Licks, fill us with the great- 
est concern & anxiety, the Loss of our worthy officers & Souldiers 
who fell there the 19th of August, we sensibly feel & deem our situation 
trul}* Alarming. We can scarcely behold a spot of Earth, but what 
reminds us of the fall of some fellow adventurer massacred by Savage 
hands. Our number of militia decreases. Our widows & orphans are 
numerous, our officers and worthiest men fall a sacrifice. In short sir, 
our settlement, hitherto formed at the Expence of Treasure & much 
Blood seems to decline, & if something is not speedily done, we doubt 
will wholly be depopulated, the Executive we believe think oAen of 
us & wish to protect us, but Sir, we believe any military operations that 
for 18 months have been carried on in Consequence of Ordere from the 
Executive, have rather been detrimental than Beneficial. Our Militia 
are called on to do duty in a manner that has a tendancy to protect 
Jefferson Countj', or rather Louisville, a Town without Inhabitants, a 
Fort situated in such a manner, that the Enemy coming with a design 
to Lay waste our Country, yfould scarcely come within one Hundred 
miles of it, & our own Frontiers open & unguarded. Our Inhabitants 

Septem. 11th 





1782. are discouraged, lis now near two years sinee the diTision of the 
Sepiem. llth County & no Surveyor has ever appeared among us, but has by appoint- 
ment from lime to time deceived us. our principal expectations of 
strength are from him. during his absence from the County Claimants 
of Land disappear, when if otherwise, they would be an additional 

We entreat the Kxecutive to examine into the Cause, and remove it 
speedily. If it is thought impracticable to carry the war into the Ene- 
my's Country, he beg the plan of building a Garrison at the mouth of 
Lime-atone & another at the mouth of Licking, formerly prescribed hy 
your Excellency, might be again adopted & performed. A Garrison at 
the mouth of Linn stone, would be a Landing place for adventurers from 
the Back parts of Pensylv'a & Virg'a, adjacent to a large Body of good 
Land which would be speedily settled — would be in the Enemy's prin- 
cijml crossing place, not more than fifty miles from Lexington our 
Largest settlement, & might readily be furnished with pix)vition from 
above, till they would be supplied from our Settlements here. Major 
Netherland, we expect will deliver this, he will attend to give any 
particular information that may be deemed necessary — 

Humanity towards Lihabitiints destitute of Hopes of any other aid, 
will surely induce your Excellency to spare from the interior parts of 
the State 200 men, and a few pieces of Artillery for those purposes 
above mentioned. 

We arc Sir, yr. Excellency's mo't ob*t & 

vy: H'ble Ser'nts 


Sftptem. llth ^^^'' Chas: Cameron informs Col: Davies he has contracted with Mr. 
Staunton Perry to repair the public arms at that place for *' Ten shillings Each 
except making the bayonets'' — but if assured of his pay thinks he will 
do it for less — 

CALExr»A3: mf -Tate PArKi^^ 

As»'ir f^nELX tc-^ imw. Gn-rix^&cis v-r ViiL<:i!ixiA. 57:^. 

TIk- pnw^fcii Imj-K-fl^aJti ic au^aiTEuiriir Cr5>i> i-Is^.td li^ <*f-r'k"»Ti> Anots f^fa:?/ Ow» 

The freqaeni Ir»«irs*<ii> k H-t*?!]-? IVp»^iAi\^HD> <>? a Sairauyr KTx«Tny 
upoii our Enri^-C'r P-<.«?4*. -ccir I*cT«ij*erj^^i Li-aTt'^s^.s. amst vcUtjih ;jiTmy 
det*eato«i. oar VTi-i-ow^ Tr^kis k orphjiDs crits i!T*ie siTv^njTJy in \h<' Kat. 
iiav Thunder at lh«- rN>or-:*! v-iir iVhidi-jL doi onlv for *<'5> v>: vvr4>.ii<>r* 
tion. hut Prole<-lion k ivdnesf^i^ 

To expresai the feelia^^ of ihe IuhabMant> at the Kaieuili >»iVJ-ie^ of 
Ba^harit^e^ dailr {•erf^etraioi aroon:r^i u^ l^rrs all won2s ^t cut IV^scnjv 
tion short. S» fatal i* the >ipL»ke that a ><-ix>ntl similar to that wo have 
already Rei-'d will elotise the Catasin^phy ^ Temnnate the Intsn^ lS>vas- 
tation of our Countv. I would l«e:j k-ave to intorm vou that aiiituallv 
since the •jOTenteen Hund'd k seventy eight, an army of not loi^s than * 

three Hund'd Savejieai Infeste^l our Territories Jt si tuvs^^ vent v six. Kt^ht 
Hundred k sixty Effective men fell, the matchless massacrt^ad victims t>l' 
their unprecedented Cruelty. A few of the primitive adventurvrs yet 
survive, who supplicate your Excellencies Immediate IntoqKV^itiou in 
their hehalf, in granting them »uch strength, as may enable them to 
earn' on an offensive war, or at least Act in the Detensire with safety* 
for if some UKxle of preservation is not s|H>eiltly adopteii the wealthy 
will forthwith Emigrate to the Interior parts of the Settlement J^ the 
Poor to the Spaniards. Dreadfull alternative!! Xatun^ reooils at the 
thought! — turther.from the Jealous apprehension of the Inhabitants I am 
under the Disagreeable necessity of Informing your Hxivllenev that 
from the Dctainour of our County Surveyor (Iwm whom their gr\*atest 
Expectations of strength was derived) tlie^' atx* InduiHxl to believe vou 
have either withdrawn that Paternal care which they have louir Uelv'd 
on or rather the Executive Body are Dubious of the authenticity of 
their Claim to those Western Territories — I would also observe that the 
many Military Operations hitherto Effected, or rather Intended for our 
safety (the Seventeen Hundred it Eighty Indian Exj>editit>n excluded, 
the Honour whereof is Justly due to the militia) have centivd at Louis- 
ville, a Town distant one Hund'd miles from the Center of our Countv. 
to which together with Fort Jeffereon, Elinois& St. Vinccnncs, mav the 
Innornious Expence of the Western tronteers be Attributed Jk not to the 
Counties of Kanetucky, which in competition would bo less than u 
Mathematical Point. To Conclude, Permit us, once more the Indigent 
Offspring of an oppulent father, if not Equally to share, yet to partake 
of your Kind patronage & Protection k beg you would adopt HU(di nieas. 
ures as jour Superior Wisdom may suggest to Promote the Peace, well, 
fare & Tranquility of your Suppliants in particular A: the Interest of the 
Commonwealth in Genl. Then shall we Congratulate ourselveM in 
having you the Hlustrious Patron & Protector of our LivoB, Luwh k 


1782. Religious Liberties, when the anuaU of History will rank your name 
Septem. 12th among the Bravest Patriots & Wisest Politicians & Gratitude like a Tor- 
rent will flow from the Heart of every Kanetuckian, whilst we Expe- 
rience with what firmness you have supported our Interest. Our uni- 
versal Joy & fervent Expressions of Allegiance & Gratitut«. 

Those public Testimonies of our Felicities will be Too convinciiii^ 
Proofs to Require auy argument to support them. 

The Author begs leave to subscribe himself, a Friend 
to the Commonwealth & your Excellency's 
most obed't humbl. Servant" 

Septem. 12th VVm. REYNOLDS TO CoL: Wm. DaVIKS. 

Richmond He has complied with the ordeiv '*in raising and removing the Cannon 
from Warwick, Col: Caries mill and at this place," and will return the 
Laboratoiy men to their business at once, unless there is some other 
work for them. It is necessary to prepare some ammunition. Port- 
fires, Tubes &c. for the two pieces of Artillery with the State Legion 
agreable to Capt. Roane's request. A small quantity of "Gause for sives" 
is wanting. There is a "16 Inch Mortar near the road leading to Han'r 
Court Jlouse "which can be brought to town on a waggon carriage, &c. 

Septem. 12th GeNL: P. MrHLENBERQ TO CoL: DaVIES. 

Cumberland Sending Descriptive lists of deserters from that Post and Chesterfield 
Old Court (J^y^J^yl House, and remarking "I should hate to see such a Catalogue of 
Deserters in the public Papers," would it not be more advisable to have 
descriptive list of them printed separated: to send a copy to each of the 
County Lieutenants! These would spread more effectually than the 
j)ublic papers k would prove of more effect." 

Septem. 12th (JeNK: P. MrHLENBER<{ TO THE GOVERNOR OF Va. 

Cumberland He has just reed a letter from Major (renl: Lincoln, in which he is 
old Ct. House i„yt|.^,^.^»(j that no Commissions can be obtained for the officers of the 
Va. Line, in as much as under the "new arrangement" about to take 
place, by order of Congress, a considerable reduction in that force will be 
made. It is therefore necessary first to fix the rank of each officer, 
before anv new commissions can be granted. 

In the late apj)ointnient of Recruiting officers, he neglected to provide 
for the Post at C. Old Ct. House, where there are now eighty men, 
whose terms of enlistment will soon expire, but who will probably rein- 
list, in as much as ''the clothing is near at hand." He therefore i*eque6t8 


that Captains Woodson & Paine take Groochland & Fluvanna & Capts: 1782. 
Kirkpatrick Bohannan & Lieat: Smith the Counties of Cumberland, Septem. 12Ui 
Powhatan & the Rendezvous. It will only be necessary that the Co. 
Lieutenants of Cumberland and Powhatan receive instructions accord- 
ingly from the Executive, should this plan be approved. Capt. Ambrose 
Bohannan's & Capt. Abraham Kirkpatrick's appointment was approved 
by the Grov'r. 

Chab: Dick to Col: Davies. Septem. 12Ui 

He has issued no arms since the last returns made. Col: Peachy Fredericks- 
whose letter is enclosed of Richmond Co. wanted some. In July last he "^ 

bad nineteen workmen employed and five apprentices; by promises and 
assurances of getting their pay he had kept them at work for some time, 
but their patience was exhausted, and the sufferings of their families had 
caused them to drop off, until now he has only four, with two apprentices 
whose time of service are almost expired. Continues ''There is a com- 
pleate master workman whose business it is to examine the work, and if 
properly finished to receive it, direct them where in fanlt, and instruct 
them when ignorant, issues out the proper Tools and materials for work, 
Provisions to be cook*d, in short every thing for the proper manage- 
ment of such a large Family, and when at leisure, works. When Break- 
fast & Dinner are ready the Bell rings and all regularly sit down at table 
to eat, when done, to work again, so that no time is lost. When absent 
they are duly charged with the lost time. 

There is a spacious garden which supplies the necessary Greens and 
roots, & a noble spring of water. By the above method, order & Gov- 
ernment, with sundry rules too tedious to mention, and the greatest 
Economy, the Factory has been carried on to this day, to the great 
advantage of the State. 

The above manager is at £125 pr: ann: the workmen as in merit from 
£3. 5s. to £5. 10s. pr: month. Each is necessary in his way, as the 
scourer of a Gun bar*l cannot do the work of a compleat finisher of 
musket, or repair Arms. Where work can be done by the piece, I have 
it done, being better for the country and gives encouragement to the 
industrious — ^for stocking a musket 6 shills: fileing a Gun Lock 6 shill — 
mounting pr: sett 3 shill &c. &c. Thus I have endeavoured to give you a 
very short but true sketch of the business of this Factory, which can 
produce compleat muskets & Bayonets superior to most imported, from 
the Ruff materials of wood. Iron & Steel, and make their own Tools & 
variety of machinery for the greater Dispatch. It may be carried on to 
any Extent, provided to do this, a necessary stock of the most necessary 
articles are laid in, and the Workmen duly and faithfully paid, at a 
cheaper rate and much greater dispatch than private Shops, when they 
hardly know what it is to do a Day's Work." 



1782. John Coleman Co. Lieat^ informs the Governor, that in acconUnee 

Septem. nth with the Act of the last Genl: Assemhlj, for recruiting the states quota 
Umlilkx Co. of troops to serve in the Army of the U. Sutes, he had summoned the 
Field Officers, Capts: k Clerks together to arrange the "^Divisions" in the 
County, of which there were ''56/* and proceeded according to law. The 
returns have come in, ^*hut produced no Soldier, every militia man had 
paid their propotion.*' The Exempts however had not paid, and steps 
were taken accordingly. 

The amount of Tax collected is "four Hundred k seventy pounds," of 
which he has in hand ''three hundred & sixty" and "shall be glad to 
know by the Bearer" what he is to do with it. 


BackiDgham I received your favour by your messenger (James White) this 

County moment: in which you request me to send you the circumstances and 
reasons which induced me to Apprehend and Confine a party sent from 
your Post to apprehend a Certain John Childres of this county as a 
Deserter. They are as follows. The said John Childres had been a 
Deserter I will admitt: but was not so at that time, neither is he so 
now, or a discharge will avail any man nothing: for I had before me 
Col : Febiger's (letter) dated the sixth day of August last. 

Part of what the Sergeant reported was true, and if you had seen the 
Letter which I wrote to Genl : Scott, by the Sergeant, you would then 
have seen that I neither headed the Party myself, nor treated the Sol- 
diers ill. I did not (tbo' a militia officer) act in this matter as an officer: 
Upon Cbildriss being apprehended, he dispatched a messenger to me 
and claimed the protection of the Civil Power: In consequence I as a 
Justice of the Peace for this County had a right, and did Issue my War- 
rant, and ordered the Officer to take as much assistance as he should 
think necessary and take the Party together with Childres and bring 
them before me, to be examined by what authority they had taken the 
said Childres. accordingly they were taken and brought before me and 
upon Examination I found they had no orders for doing what they had 
done, except in their own Justification, said they were oirdered by a 
Sergeant Stephens (who was then out on Command) to go to Childres* 
and take him and carry him to one of the neighbours and then to wait 
until ho should come up. In order to be fully satisfied in the matter, I 
Issued another Warrant and Ordered a party to go to the House where 
the Soldiers said their Sergeant was, to meet them and bring him to mo 
to be examined whether the others had taken Childres of their own 
accord or not: Upon the Sergeants being brought, I examined him by 
what authority he had sent them four Soldiers (pointing to them, for I 


knew not their names) to take Childres. he readily answered. me he 1782. 
had: I then asked him for his Orders, which he produced. I then Septem. ISih 
referred to Colo. Fehiger's discharge and Compared it with the date of 
the orders and found that the Discharge was prior to the Orders, and 
consequently no military Officer upon Earth had a right to take Chil- 
dres, and thereupon discharged Childres, and told the Sergeant he might 
repair to his Post as soon as he pleased, for that the officer who sent 
him had no right to do so, but that he himself was not to blame, neither 
were the men under his command: and treated them with as much 
civility as I was master of. 

You are Grievously misinformed if 3'ou think Childres obtained his 
Discharge fraudulently: for admitting him to have been a Soldier for 
the war (tho' this by the by, was never before charged against him) no 
man ever gained a Discharge by a Substitute with less deception: for it 
is well known that Childres never saw the Substitute from the day he 
was hired (& that was done without his knowledge) 'till after he had 

As to my opinion of Childres, it is a matter of no consequence in the 
Present dispute: for the dispute now is whether the civil or military 
Power is to govern. If ^'^ou will examine the Bill of Rights for this 
State, you will there find who are to be subservient. And as to what 
Childres might apprehend by being carried and tried by a court mar- 
tial, I know not: but this much I know, you nor no officer In the Army 
have any right to apprehend a civil citizen of this State and drag him 
before a court martial to be tried for crimes he knows not of As to my 
treatment of the Soldiers, Disarming and Confining them merely for 
doing their Duty, I hope I have fully satisfied you on this head: If not, 
I will Justify it forever. I do know that they were amenable to the 
officer from whom they received their orders, for their Conduct: and I 
at the same time know that officers sometimes Issue orders, that were 
they to be tried by the Laws of this State they could not Justify them- 
selves. It is true you ought to be as much bound by the Laws of this 
State, as any citizen in it, and consequently ought to take care how you 
violate them. 

I am sorry to find a Gentleman of your Rank and Character get so 
warm on a Subject, in my opinion not worth it, for it is very true neither 
you nor I have Authority to do what we think Justice to ourselves; and 
am sure Genl: Muhlenberg must have forgot himself when he mentions 
trying the Mettle of the high spirited militia of this County, with the 
poor remains of the Virg'a Line; for had he not, he would have trembled 
at the thought of being the first mover of one Brothers cutting the 
Throat of another. 

But this much Genl: Muhlenberg may rely on, notwithstanding what 
he writes, that I will to the utmost of my Power Defend the Civil Rites 
of every Free Citizen, not only within this County, but throughout the 
Whole State. The Officer which I sent and apprehended your soldiers, 


1782. informed me he had about sixteen or eighteen men with him : I will 
S«pieii). 18th leave you to Judge whether you were rightly informed as to their num- 
her or not — 

You entertain a very unjust Opinion of me, if you think that I detain 
Childress for any advantage that he would be to me in any Case what- 
soever: and as to your looking to me for him : from me you shall never 
get him, unless he Commits a Crime for which the Civil Power of this 
State condemns him to be a Soldier, in which case I would as chearfully 
deliver him to you, as any other Officer belonging to the Arni3\ 

If I have been so unfortunate, from all that I have said, not to be able 
to convince you that I have acted a Just Part, and one Justifiable by the 
Laws of this State; you may represent the matter to His Excellency 
the Governor as soon as you please, when I have no doubt ample Justice 
will be done: without the evidence of John Childress — 

I am Sir, 

Your most obed't Serv't." 

Septem. 14th Jno: Scott TO CoL: Da VIES, in regard to the settlement of the Com- 
missioners* accounts in his District. 

Albemarle The Com'rs of Fluvanna, Messrs. Haden, Williamson and Quarles 
^^' wanted a quantity of Ilemp, with which to purchase Sugar of Mr. 
Peter Perkins* wagons "traveling from North to South" to do which 
they sold the "public hemp" and have never settled for it. He hears 
they are about to Settle with the Auditors at Eichmond and pay in 
paper money what it " Sold for near two years ago." They desire to settle 
"below" in order to avoid doing so with him, and so get "clear without 
being detected" — He hopes no Settlement will ever be allowed at the 
Auditors from his District, except through his hands, as he is deter- 
mined to "sifl every matter to the bottom." He is about to "fall on a new 
method" of bringing the Coram'rs to a settlement, that is "to go to those 
Gents* houses & live on them till they will settle with me.*' He fears a 
bad account will be given from Albemarle Co. Mr. Key cannot be 
brought to a settlement but he shall go to his house and require it — 
indeed ho would be glad to arrange his accounts with "any body 
below** rather than with himself "for reasons best known to himself." 
If Mr. Robertson still wants the corn he wrote for, near the county line 
of Albemarle & Louisa, it will be impossible to get it, as the County 
"owes Dr. Walker & Son a large quantity borrowed by the Marquiss' 
Order, and drawn on the Com*rs to pay it.*' 


AjLTHum Lorn to Col: Baties. 178i. 

Septem. 14Ui 

Respecting his rank as Surgeon in the Army. His appointment Ri^^mond 
'' runs thus.'* 

''Chcsterfield, April 17th, 1781. 


Li: Arthur Lind is appointed to do the duties of R^mental 
Surgeon at this place 

STEUBEN, Maj: Genl:" 

From this date he has heen with the Grenl : RendezYons, has attended 
and innoculated the Troops and has never heen ahsent frouk duty. Has 
never had any assistance, except when Dr. Tates remained one month 
at the Rendezvous, where he has always had forty to fifty sick men, 
exclusive of two hundred and fifty-four men innoculated. 

He desires now to know what his position is in the Army. If he is a 
Regimental Surgeon, he ''shall do the duties of that post," if Hospital, 
he ''must be appointed to that station" and if neither, he wishes to be 
paid and discharged. The consciousness of his having always complied 
with his engagements as Surgeon, gives him a degree of satis&ction 
" that mankind cannot take away." 

Concludes "I took up arms in the defence of American Liberty so 
early as August 1775. I have served the State from that period to this. 
I never had a furlough, & have ever had a great share of health, which 
has enabled me to persevere thro' the difficulties of a Soldier's life, in 
every station, from the carrying of a musquet, to the woilding of a 
Clyster pipe." »»»»** 

All I wish, all I want is to know whether I am a Surgeon or not." 

Capt : H. Young informs Col : Da vies of the necessity of procuring a Septem. 15tli 
supply of leather to repair a number of saddles in his hands. Mrs. Richmond 
Parks has a large supply on hand which should be gotten. Col : Dab- 
ney informs him '^ several of his Dragoons are obliged to do duty on 
horse back without saddles." 

Robert Beverly to "His Excellency Benj: Harrison, Esq'r, Aseptem. I6ih 


"Amidst the many embarrassments & distresses in which we have 
been for some years involved, it has been difficult for a subject of this 
state to know by what line he is to conduct himself. The present con- 
stitution was intended to be founded upon liberty & the bill of rights 


1782. WM said to be the palUdiam, by which onr citizens were to be protected. 
H^pimn. 16ib It is not my design to say in what a variety of instances, I have expe- 
rienced a deviation from these principles. The cause of my present 
address proceeds from a violence which was offer'd to me last year. In 
the multitade of articles which were unconstitutionally wrested from 
me, were two of my chariot horses. They were taken with many circum- 
stances (of) insult by a Mr. John Baylor & his armed party called vol- 
unteer Dragoons, were made use of by Mr. Baylor, & at length fell into 
the hands of Col: Temple of moylands, & Capt: Pemberton, of Whites 
regiments. One of these horses some time ago came to the plantation 
of a friend of mine in King & Queen, who hired one of his neighbors to 
bring him to me, conscious that I had received no compensation for him 
& supposing that no power could be authorized to detain the property 
of another. 

Solicitous however, to avoid censure, I wrote to Col: Temple & 
recapitulated the circumstances attending the seizure of the horse & his 
being sent to me. From this gentleman I received the answer here 
inclosed, & from whence you will be enabled to judge who has the most 
equitable title to the horses in question & whether they ought to be 
returned to me or not. I should be glad to live in a society where the 
laws are properly promulgated, & where these laws are to be the sole 
directors of men's conduct. In such a society, it is an easy matter to 
acquit ourselves as good citizens & thereby render such a society com- 
fortable to all its members. 

Before I conclude, I must beg gentlemen, that you will be pleased, 
through the hands of Col: Smith, to send me such instructions as you 
shall think proper upon this 'occasion, by which you will oblige, 

gentlemen, yr: most obedt. & most hum. Servt. 

Septem. 16th Col: Chas: Dabnet to &ov: Harrison. 


York Town Your Excellency's letter by Majr. Dick, I have received, and shall 

order a Court Martial for the tryal of Capt: Roan your Excellency may 
rest assured that neither Capt: Eoan or any other officer of the Legion 
shall be protected by the military from the prosecution of the civil law. 
The warrant against Capt: Eoan was issued at Williamsburg, and no 
attempt has been made to take him here. Last Wednesday about thirty 
of the Cavalry on back river refused to do duty, till they were paid, and 
paraded on Horseback in order to go to Eichmond and apply for money. 
IVom the exertions of the officers they were dispersed, and the ring 
leaders are here in irons. I shall have them tried by a Court MartiaL 
Unless the Troops get money soon, I fear it will be out of my power to 
keep them in service. We are very sickly at this post. I have done 


every thing in my power to cleanse the Town, and can assign no other 1782. 
reason for it, but from the putrefaction of the number of dead bodies Septem. 16ih 
buried here last fall, who lie near the surface of the earth. 

I have the honor to be 
Your Excellency's 

most obedient Serv't." 

Col: J>avie8 encloses to the Governor a statement from Mr. James Septem. 16tb 
Anderson of the Condition of the Tools, &c., helonging to the State, he War Office 
having retired from '' public business" the previous July. Every article 
delivered to him had been carefully preserved until Arnold's invasion in 
January, 1781, when nearly the whole were destroyed including "eight 
pair of bellows" — ^A few "anvils and vices" alone were preserved. 

Wm. Reynolds informs Col: Davies, he has bad the "mortar removed Septem. 16th 
to Westham " unless he can know the location of the cannon " on the Bicbmond 
several creeks of nansemond " he can give no information as to the diffi- 
culties to be encountered in raising them. A pair of large shears, with 
some alterations in them are necessary for such work. 

Col: Joseph Holmes to Col: Davies. Septem. 16th 

Respecting the collections of the Specific Tax in his district. The Winchester 
wheat not yet ground because of the excessive draught in the whole 
county. The people very backward in paying up their grain, but the 
sherifs will collect it all. Bacon cannot be gotten, but he can procure 
beef and pork by bartering for them with flour. The Commissioners of 
Berkeley, Hampshire & Frederick have as yet made no return altho' 
be has made repeated applications to them, and has consumed at least 
"two quires of paper" in writing to them: but he finds it would be ais 
much to the purpose, were he "to write to an Indian" on the subject. 
The militia ordered to the westward he suppose "won't have to march, 
as ^*GenL Irvin writes that there has not been seen any enemy on the 
frontiers this five weeks." Should they have marched, he orders that 
they be halted at " Brasons Town on the southwest side of Laurell Hill." 


1782. David Ross to Gov: Harbison. 

Septem. 17th «Sir 

Petersburg By the "Due de Armberg, "Cutter," just arrived from Ostend, I 

have received letters as late as the 13th of July, & the London papers 
to the 6th of that month. 

It appears that another considerable change in the British ministry 
has taken place, my correspondent writes to me that this alteration 
had been so recent, no proper judgm't could be formed what tendency 
it would have on the proposed negotiations for peace." * * 

* ♦ * "Some time ago, indeed before my entering into 

the agency for the State, the situation of the Virginia Soldiers in point 
of clothing was such as at once ruined the recruiting business, delayed 
the service and disgraced the Commonwealth : this, together with the 
warm solicitations of many of the then members of the council induced 
me to use my best endeavoui's to procure cloathing for the Troops upon 
my own Credit, but no engag'mt was made on either side as I did not 
know how far I would be able to succeed I could not with propriety 
contract for fear of the disgrace of disappointing the public, however 
I took the same measures, as tho' I had been under the most absolute 

The continued invasion of the country soon afterwards put a stop to 
all importations for a considerable time & I expected the ordera I had 
given would not have been attended to, unless removed on my part — 
however it seems soon after the news of the Reduction of York & Glou- 
cester, my friends took up the orders & proceeded upon them. 

By this cutter I have received Cloath*g for a thousand Soldiers 
including suits for 100 Sergeants. This with another parcel rcc'd some 
time ago, vja St Thomas, will be sufficient for 1500 or 2000 Troops. 

The coats are of blue cloth, lined through with white serge & metal 
buttons XJ. S. A. Waist coats white twiPd cloth lined through with 
serge, buttons the same as the coats, breeches of stout white twil'd cloth 
with flannel linings & buttons same as coats & waistcoat — the Sergeants 
Cloaths made in same manner but better cloth. I wish now to know 
of your Excellency if this cloathing will be wanted for the use of the 

I know that we are soon to raise a considerable number of Troops but 
I also know that there is cloathing ready in Franco if it can be got in 
time." **»**»♦ 

I have the honor to be 

with great respect, your most obt. Serv't, 


Nichs. Hobflon, Co. Liout: informs the Grovemor, that tho whole 1782. 
amount of money collected under the enlistment act, will be Three hnn- Septem. 17ih 
dred and seventy pounds — ^no person liable to draft has been declared Lunenburg 
<lelinquent, and all exempts returned delinquent, he has issued warrants 

J. Ambler, Magistrate, certifies that Meriwether Smith E^qr., has Septem. 17ih 
appeared and taken "the Oaths of fidelity and a Privy Councellor, as City of 
prescribed by Law" before him. Bichmond 

Benj: Harbison Jnb: to the Governor. Septem. 18ih 

Concerning the flour ordered to be delivered to him by the Commis- Bichmond 
sioners of Dinwiddle Co: he sees no prospect of receiving it soon. He 
is constantly receiving pressing demands from the ^^ Agent &enl:" of the 
French Marine to receive this flour, sell it and close accounts with him, 

Wm: Hat C. Agent to the Governor. Septem. I8th 

Soliciting an order on the Treasurer ''for such a quantity of the Bichmond 
Specifics as can be spared from the exigencies of Government" to meet 
the ^'pressing demands" daily made upon him by the Creditors of the 
State. The tax Flour might be used for this purpose, before it becomes 
unmerchantable ^Hhro' the warmth of the Season." 

Septem. ISth 

Daniel Ross informs the Governor, he will be enabled in a few days to Petersburg 
*^ dispatch all the Flags," and hopes they will carry nearly all (tho tobacco) 
due them. Mr. Braxton has paid but "a trifle of his bond." Ho has 
been "greatly distressed in making up the Tobacco, and had not intended 
to call upon the Commercial Agent for any payment at this time, but 
being unexpectedly pressed for suras he cannot now discharge," he has 
requested Mr. Hay to allow him " 150 Hhds: upper Tob*o& about 100 hhds : 
North Tob'o, as there is a large amount still due him, independently of 
what has been furnished the "Flags." Bequests an answer respecting 
the Soldier's Clothes, as he thinks of offering them "to the Financier" 
if they are not wanted for this State; the N. Carolina people he fears 
cannot pay for them. 



1782. Lieut: Wm: P. Quarles to Col: Wm: Davies. 

Septem. 18th 

James Requesting to be put upon the recruiting service in that County, or in 

" Bvrds*""^^ ^^"g William or Albemarle. The only news he can give, is "that a Mr. 
Tavern " Graves of Colo. Dabney's Legion, & about 10 cavalry were made prison- 
ers a few Days past as they were crossing the Bay. Capt: Hamilton of 
the same core died a few days past at York ; the report of the evacuation 
of Chas. Town is generally believed." Two lots in Williamsburg belong- 
ing to Mr. Cartwight and one Hubbard, should be at once confiscated. 
If the people would "exert themselves," the "certificates would soon be 
worth their intended value." 

Septem. 18th Jno. Robertson to Col: Davies. 

Louisa Informing him of his having "met with the greatest misfortune" of 

County jjjg ii£^ Whilst riding from the Point of Fork towards Richmond, his 
horse took fright at something on the road, "& rushed into a thicket of 
Woods" &c. 

He received such serious injuries in the treast, thighs and legs that ho 
is unable to walk "a yard without crutches." Continues, "The thoughts 
that the business I have undertaken perhaps may be neglected during 
the time of my absence almost fretts me to death." » * * ♦ 

It seems that nothing but trouble & sickness, misfortune & accidents 
is for ever to attend me, but it not being any fault of mine, but the will 
of the divine providence, if the public business should in any wise be 
neglected, I hope it will not bo laid to my charge." 


Office of Requiring of them monthly Statements, from all their Agents, Subal- 
Finance i^^mg &(.. with the proper vouchers — this has become necessary on 
account of the " Peculative frauds and the speculating with the public 
money" known to be in practice among these officers. Unusual amounts 
of money, in future, are not to be allowed to remain in the bands of any 
officer or agent; and in cases where it is evident they are living above 
their means, or appear to have become suddenly rich, especial vigilance 
is to be exercised, particularly in cases where monies due are retained 
beyond a reasonable time, or where there may be oven slight suspicion 
of abuses of trust &c. 


Wm. Haj enekiBes to tbe Goremor. xn Estimate of the Debts <^ bi$ ITSlL 
De|Hirtiii«t: to whkh skonld be mdded £900 Steriing. for tbe ^^iiers* S^^ma. ddOi 
ciotbing impoited in tbe Brig Roaa. and fofr wbicb tbe State i$ in bonor l^drnw^ 
Itooiid to |nj "OBt of tbeir reay £rst fi»id&'* 

He incliides tbe debts due fitim Hr. Annstead and tbe Ropcswalk & 
Tanneiy, wbicb bave nerer been adjnsted, altbo" be bas froqnenUv nn^ 
apon Mr. Armstead k Caf»t: Tbomas, tbe necessity of laying ^^a sUte of 
their affiurs bef<M« tbe Exeentive,^ kc 

Jobn Nasb, Co. Lieut: iftakes return of collections^ under the Act of S«|vImii. ddUi 
1781, for recruiting for tbe Array erf tbe U. States 4e, The whole of PriiK* 
this tax will be ready in a few days, and will be transmitted by Oapt : oouniv 


Respecting the execution of the recruiting law in that County. It ChMttf^rfi^^ 
had been laid off into "forty nine districts*' including tbe young men 
just arrived at tbe age of eighteen years. He has received, however, 
but one recruit, John Daugherty by name, and he has deserted. Bd: 
Wilkerson and Wm. Gibbs, " a very infirm roan " are the only two militia 
men ready to be delivered. According to the Clerk's return, the amount 
of the County's tax to be levied is six hundred and eighty-one Pounds, 
twelve shillings — A part of this sum he thinks proper to transmit to the 
Treasury by the hands t)f Colo. Robt. Goode, "being informeii of many 
bold Robers & house-breakers in these parts.'* He shall issue warranti) 
against all delinquents, and hopes soon to collect the whole levy. 

Harbt Innes, District Commr., to Col: Wm. Daviks. Soptom. 20ih 

Desiring to be informed whether the "Powder & Load that is manu- Bedford 
factum! by the Labrotary" in that County "is State or Continental**? ^*'^*"*^>' 
Both Mr. Irish and Mr. Boune Pirce had failed to give him the informa- 

In accordance with his orders of the 11th June last, he had ceased to 
issue supplies on continental account; and Colo. Carrington on his way 
to the Southern Army promised punctual payment for the provisions 
furnished the Continental Posts at New London & Poytonsburg fVom 
Jany: 1st. 1782 to Jay: 1st. 1783, "being the time fixed for discharging 
all his contracts here." 


1782. A8 to the Powder & Lead used at New London Laboratory, Mr. Price 

Septem. 20th certifies that all the Powder on hand before the "reduction of York'^ 

came from Prince Ed: Ct. House, and what was at York & Wmsburg 

was delivered to Capt Irish by Thos: Jones Deputy Field Cora'y. The 

Lead, "about fifleen thousand weight" came from the Lead mines. 

The Returns of issues made by him, should have long since been made 
but for his serious illness with remitting fever. He cannot now travel 
far, and those delinquent County Comm'rs certainly will not come "50 
or 60 miles" to settle with him. He will take care to supply all recruits 
coming to N. London. 

Septem. 20th WiNDER Kenner Co. Lieut: to Col: Davies. 

Northum- Respecting the order "for the fourth part of the Militia to hold them- 
berland Co. gelves in readiness to march" when called upon. He is confident if the 
Executive were aware of the situation of the Counties along the Bay, 
where "the Enemy's Barges are continually passing and repassing, 
plundering and doing mischief they would not desire any of the militia 
to be taken away." He submits however cheerfully to their superior 
judgment. As to the public Arms, they were carried away at the time 
of the Seige of York, together with all the private ones to be gotten and 
v^ere never returned. He expects a supply from Fredericksburg with 
ammunition &c., and the sooner they come the better, as the militia "are 
making a bad appearance" for want of them. 


Septem. 20th CoL: ARTHUR Campbell to Col: Wm. Davies. 


Washington Your favor of the 7th inst: I received a few days ago. The goods 

sent up for the Indians was forwarded to Colo. Martin shortly after they 
were delivered at my House, to which I added two casks of Powder 
from our County magazine, which we could ill spare considering our 
troubles with the northward Indians. Mr. Harry Innes however writes 
me however, that as soon as he receives other Powder he will toward it. 
I dont know who informed the Executive that there was no public 
powder in the County. My last return by order of .the Executive will, 
show a state of that matter; however to explain myself to you, I think 
in the last year of Mr. Henry's administration, or the first of the suc- 
ceeding Governor/s, 250 or 300 lbs. Powder was ordered from the Public 
magazine in Botetourt, part of it got damaged crossing New Biver in a 
waggon, the remainder I have taken care of and distributed with as 
much finigality as if it had been of the value of gold dust; besides this 
there was a certain quantity sent to the particular care of the late GenI : 
Campbell, part of which was burnt at the battles of King's Mountain 



and Gnilford, and a small part siill remains in the Connty, in the care of 1782. 
Major Dycart. What I heard was in Mr. Baker's possession, I also Septem. aoth 
mentioned in my last return; but it might as well been in the moon for 
any use it has been to this County. 

An unwillingness has taken place in fact, to undertake the business 
of Commissioners of Specifics; not I believe from any disaffection to the 
public interest, but from the impracticability of executing the law. 
Figure to yourself a County one hundred miles long and fifty or 
upwards, broad, intersected by various ranges of high mountains, 
and consider how hard it is to men of small fortunes, frequently in 
immediate danger from the Indians, or harrassed in searching for them 
to cai*ry grain &c. to a magazine 20 or 30 or some cases 40 miles from them. 
It is true cash is an alternative; but alas of the shining metals we have 
almost none. The most of this County men happen to be Whigs. Our 
confidence in the public faith, our zeal for the promotion of American 
politics learned us early to despise gold and take paper. A few design- 
ing pedlars (and perhaps British Agents) with other speculators sweeped 
the hard money away before the paper was knocked down, and our dis- 
tance from market and the dullness of Trade, since none of the new 
circulating Specie are yet brought in, added to this the public are in 
arrears to us for personal Service, provisions &c. since the year 1779, 
particularly the Expeditions to King's Mountain, Cherokee Towns and 
the affair at Ouilford, which straitened poor men exceedingly to mount, 
equip and furnish themselves with provisions so suddenly for such distant 
and hard times. 

Col: Christian passed the other day on his way to the Long Island. 

Col : Martin is expected about this time from the Towns, so expect the 
the negociation with the Cherokees will be brought to a point. I hoar 
Carolinia goes on with their preparations for an Expedition against them. 

I trusted our Governor or General Greene would have so interfered 
that no clashing of measures would have happened. 

On the 11th lost: a party of northward Iniians penetrated as far in 
this County as the Settlement on the head of Mockison Creek, which is 
within ten or twelve miles of Abingdon ; attacked a family of fourteen 
in number, of course secured in an interiour part, kiird the husband on 
the spot, captivated the wife and six of the children, three of whom 
after being a short space in the enemies hands, was most inhumanly 
murdered, one a young woman so long survived the blows as told the 
tragic tale. Two made their escape the first day and night. The old 
woman and one child with a considerable booty in horses, household 
goods &c., was carried foward three days some distance down Sandy 
River. When part of our militia on duty, with a perseverance in pur- 
suit thro' a most rugged and difficult way, that does them honor, over- 
took the Indians and wounded several of them, recovered unhurt the 


VT9ft, two remaining Captivefi, with the Im^i^ l|«|Jj^>|i,iii vad pimidi^ tbey 
Sqitem. 2r>ib had taken. * 

r have the honor to he with great reqpeet^ 

yoar most OfoedleDt Serrant 
'^ 20th. Sept.'' 


Jiint afl I waA ahoat r^lofiing my letter, a few lines reached me from 
Colo: Martin: a copy ih aA follows: 

"Battli Gsottbto 91AB Loif^ Isuk^xj^ Sept: 18th, '82.'' 
Dear Colo. 

I this moment returned from the townn, have the pleasure to 
imibrm yoo that the Chocomogga Indiana have given ap all the prison- 
em except three, which con Id by no means be got to Chota. by the Day 
appointed, bat they promise to bring them in very shortly. I believe 
that never people were more desiroas of peace than the Cherokeea; bvt 
I hear the forces from this State are now starting. I shall set oiT this 
evening to see Col : Sevier. Colo. Hardfn went with me to the Towns, 
got his son who was a prisoner. He thinks peace by all means is best. 
If opportunity offers please write to the Governor, and infiNrm him what 
I am doing. I should write much more to yon. but have so ink, am 
forced to make use of Gnn-powder. 

Your most obt. Serv't. 


About three weeks ago Colo. Martin wrote the Governor of N. Caro- 
lina an aceoant of his negociations with the CherokeeSy to which at his 
request I added my sentiments as a Continental Commissioner. No 
answer has yet been received. And I am told that lately, reiterated 
orders have been received to proceed on the Expedition, Grenl : McDowal 
to conduct the forces from the North State, Genl: Pickens, those from 
South Carolinia k Georgia. To both of whom several arguments have 
been sent to embrace the present very submissive overtures for peace 
from the Indians, as the best means to secure the prosperity of the 

Tours as before 


"We might not bo so anxious for peace with the Cherokees, were it 
not if the war is continued, we will be the greatest sufferers; for proba- 
bly the Chorokcos will bo drove from the vally they at present live in, 
lower down the Cherokee Biver, or somewhere westward of the Apa- 
lacbain Mountains. Tho Kentucky path now full of travellers, and that 
Country attacked by tho Southern as well as Northern Tribes, will make 
it a placo of very disagroeablo residence." 


beibre kum. -^^md pook. dfee Okuhtf oc ftikiic^. ;iii!ii «)<* privy i\HtiKvir^»r. ;i(» :^4r^^Ntt. M^ 

praseribcd br Law."* Kk^«*»»«a 

^ • Ol? 

List of InkabitaACBw Wki^ ;&»! BLuck gt" X, KtH»l CvHimiy. rvii&rtKNl ^ ^V^ ^" * ^^^ 
by Armiati»a RkkU to WUi: CU&yton. C. X. K. Ow^ via. WkU%^-Tlff. ^*♦« K^mi 

Coux Twos: XiwTOjr to Col: Wm: Davik^ 55*j|Minii. tia 

He is mi a kMs wkAt to do iowmnl» oM«ltii4C iko %kMiMkiKb hmkI^ u|^ii ^<^*^ 
his district. Mr. Robeisoo has f«eM onk^rs^ KKmh kioi 1^^ ^'i^nMry kind ^4' 
Specifics to be had"* and ereiy thing is e:Ehaiist«\i e^^vpi {^srhapd^ ^^llK^ 
^'divenion beef^ collected with the dothing r^uir^d— 4iHibts wholher 
the latter will be wanted, as no recruits will be rau^xi in the rv^^um ol' 
Cabbin Point. He has no money to pay the freights c\>n;«kH:)uent(^' iHUi 
not get a yessel to carry up the cannon. 

Begs to know the opinions about p«ace^ as he desin^s to rvmaiii al 
Norfolk ^if there is a probability oi its taking placi\'* and adds '^M>veml 
cruzers are off oar coast k run three* brigs on shore three days agiv'' 

Georqe the Third, by the grace of Goil» of Great Britauv Fraiuv A J^i^lww. ^U\ 
Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith and so forth, To OUH THurrv ANU WwiUMtiut^^r 



Whereas by virtue of an Act past in the last session of Psrliamont, 
entitled "An act to enable his Majesty to condudo a poai^o or truoo with 
Certain Colonies in North America therein montionod** it iH rtH'itoil« 
that it is essential to the intent, welfare and prosperity of (irt^at HHtuiii 
& the Colonies or plantations of New Hampshire, MassaohuHotU, Rhode 
Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pensylvaniu, the (hive 
lower counties on Delaware, Mar^'land, Virginia, North ('aniliuH, S. 
Carolina & Georgia in North America, that Peace, intoiH'oui^Mo, Tratio 
and commerce should be restored between them. 

Therefore & for a full manifestation of our earnest wish and iUhiIih^ 
and of that of our Parliament to put an end to the oalamitios of war, 
it is enacted that it should and might be lawf\il for us to treat, roimult 
of agree and conclude with any commissioner or oonuniHMlonoi*H, nanuMl 
or to be named, by the said Colonies or Plantations or any of thoin 
respectively, or with ,any body or bodies ooq)orate or politic^ or any 
assembly or assemblies or Descriptions of men or any person or personM 
whatsoever, a peace or a truce with the said colonies or plantations or 


1782. any of them, or any part or parts thereof, any law, act or acts of Par- 
Septem. 2l8t liament, matter or thing to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding — 
Now know ye that we reposing special trust in your Wisdom, Loyalty, 
diligence & circumspection in the management of the ASairs to be 
hereby committed to your Charge, have nominated and appointed, con- 
stituted and assigned, and by these presents, do nominate & appoint, 
constitute and assign you the said Richard Oswald, to be our commis- 
sioner in that behalf to use & exercise all and every the powers and 
authorities hereby entrusted and committed to you the said Richard 
Oswald, and to do, perform and execute all other matters and things, 
hereby enjoined and committed to your care during our will and pleas- 
ure & no longer, according to the tenor of these our letters patent; 
and it is our Royal will and pleasure, and we do hereby authorize, 
empower, and require you the said Richard Oswald, to treat consult of 
and conclude with any commissioners or persons vested with equal pow- 
ers, by and on the part of the Thirteen United States of America viz 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New 
York, New Jersey, Pensylvania, the three lower counties on Delaware, 
Mar^^land, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina & Georgia in North 
America a peace or a truce with the said thirteen Unit^ States, any 
Law, Act or Acts of Parliament, matter or thing to the contrary in any 
wise notwithstanding. And it is' our further will and pleasure, that 
every regulation, provision, matter or thing which shall have been 
agreed upon between you the said Richard Oswald, and such commis- 
sioners or persons aforesaid, with whom you shall have judged meet and 
sufficient to enter into such agreement, shall bo fully and distinctly set 
forth in writing, and authenticated by your hand and seal on one side & 
by the hands & seals of such commissioners or persons on the other, & 
such instrument so authenticated — shall be by you transmitted to us 
through one of our principal secretaries of State. And it is our further 
will and pleasure that you the said Richard Oswald shall promise and 
engage for us & in our Royal name and Word, that every regulation, 
provision, matter or thing, which may be agreed to & concluded by you 
our said commissioner, shall be ratified and confirmed by us in the full- 
est manner and extent, & that we will not suffer them to be violated or 
counteracted either in whole or in part, by any person whatsoever; and 
we do hereby require and command all our officers Civil & Militar}% and 
all others our loving subjects whatsoever to be aiding and assisting unto 
you the said Richard Osv^ald in the execution of this our Commission, 
and of the j)owers and authorities herein contained. Provided always 
& we do hereby declare & ordain that the several offices, powers and 
authorities hereby granted shall cease, determine and become null & 
void, on the first day of July which shall be in the year of Our Lord 
One thousand, Seven hundred and Eighty three, altho' we shall not 
otherwise in the mean time have revoked and determined the same. 


Asd vkcfcfts Ib mud by our CoBMUflskn k Ictteis patCBt nmdmr our 17SS. 
enfat 9eml c€ Gfvmt BritaioL bcmring dale Ike sercnlh daj of Aognsl 
bsC ve Domiaaled and apfiouitted. consdlnled and a o wg a c d joa the aud 
Riekard CXcwaM to be o<ir CoBwMoiicr^ lo li«al« coandl c^ agree aad 
eostiude whk aar tdmrnassUmtr or coMMiwioafiiii liaiwi or lo be 
aiiaed by ceitaia cokmKs or piaalalioiis ia A aiciica Ibcreia specified, a 
Peace or a trace wilb Ihe aud colonies or Plaalalioas. 

Now Kaow Te Ikal we bare rerokcd aad dctcvwacd aad hy Ibeas 
praseBto do Teroke aad d c t c i B u ae ear said coauaisBoa k Letlos palcai 
4 aO 4 ererr power aitkle k thimg tkcveta coaiaiacd. Ia witaaas 
wbeteof we bave caaaed tkcae oar iilUis lo be Bade pateai. 

Wllaca» oaiaeif ai Wcatwastar tkia Iwcat^ fiisl daj of Sapteabcr 
ia Ike twealj jccoad jear of iwif jjbiga. 

Bytht Emg 

I ^ew^ify tbal Ibe^iyoiaiagitalyaeCepyof ikeCo aiMiaMna of wkick 
h parport» to be a copy k wkick kaa beca aktiwa lo Mr. Fnakfia k 
Mr. Jaj. 


Pam Ut Oei> 178L 

Jsol Scm: Dmamr C4»nrm io CoiLr Datihl Sts^& fli 

latemiajc bia ke » is^xu^ st oace to Aaikost^ Co. ia aeaick of 
lisiocid fiir Capi: Pcjtotts P<wt^ froai tke CoauaiawMMn^ bat Ikiaka it 
best V> kire a wmggon for tke parpoac of s^pljiag kia^ ''aa tkaae gjem- 
tlemcn ikiak aciiice* pcrfc wul fiir tke Stale is wortk More Ikaa Ikcj 
aftk of otkefs^*^ He wiQ abo leqaiie tkcai lo pcoride fiir Ike 
recraxtiw Tkcre b» -^»^ pabbc Hcaip at Lori^p"^ akoat -IM 
kedesreii iagti actw a a aa lo tfapoaiag of it. 

He hm^ b«i «x tkcrtii^ torn baad ^ tke d»wrtfcia>g ■ c uaiiwi finoaa tke 
Coaaij. aad wa* «fircct«d to fead tkeai lo MaatgOMCfj Cl. Hoaae; ke 
bas MOt d0*e ii» fiir waat of aMaaa lo kireaaMa ta canj- tkeaiy aad Ike 
expcaee. wete if ke bad tke wuamty, td tnaaportia^ wc Airts bj 
oTcr soaataift^ ^ae* koadmd k fiftr anka ke Ikiaka aat 
tbe qrewitiaf en 



1782". W. Armstkad to the Goyebnob. 

Septem. 28d 
Richmond In regard to the proposed settlement of his accounts. Mr. Hays 

thinks an Order from the Executive is necessary befoi*e can feel author- 
ized to proceed in the business. 

When he first came to Eichmond to engage <* in publick but^iness,'* it 
was at the particular *' instance & desire" of the Council, in considera- 
tion of the groat inconvenience attending his removal without previous 
provision having been made for a dwelling house, that he had rented one 
at the public cost. This he had unwillingly done, and at the rate of 
"sixty pounds pr: annum." As soon as his affairs shall have been 
arranged, he proposes to leave the City; but the rent of the above men- 
tioned house is now due, and unless paid, there will be an attachment 
of his personal property, "a ceremony which he has no reason to expect 
his Landlord will dispense with." He therefore begs leave to request 
that so much of his wages may be advanced, as will enable him "to 
depart in peace from the premises." In view of the great poverty of 
the State, nothing but absolute necessity & justice to his family compells 
him to make this demand. 

Septem. 28d W. Abmistead to the GtOVEBNOB. 

Richmond Having been required by the Executive to remove to Bichmond in 
the discharge of hi& official duties, he was provided with a dwelling 
house at a rent "of sixty pounds pr: annum." It was not in accordance 
with his wishes to have been thus fbrnished at public cost; for now as he 
is about to leave the city, unless his pay is advanced to him at once, his 
landlord "will not dispense with the ceremony" of attaching his per- 
sonal property, if his rent is not paid. 

Septem. 28d Col: Birkett Davenport informs Col: Davies, that the whole of the 
CulpeperCo. "specifics" in his District are disposed of except some wheat, ordered 
to be made into flour. This can be furnished when wanted. He has a 
number of blind and poor horses, which he recommends be sold, instead 
of attempting to drive them to Eichmond. The money received of the 
former Commissioners, is not worth the expence of hiring a person to 
carry it to the Treasury. 

Septem. 28d Jonas Ingham, a merchant taken and paroled at the capitulation of 
BichmoAd York, prays the Gov: & Council to be allowed to become a Citizen, or 
be continued on parole. 


Daniel Clark to the Governor of Ya. 1782. 

Septem. 28d 
Respecting a number of Bills of Exchange drawn by '^ Virginia offi- Richmond 

cers on the Mississippi," the property of certain Inhabitants of New 

Orleans, and requesting that such as can be paid without undergoing 

the inspection of the Commissioners for examining Western Claims 

may be liquidated hereby with instructions also as to what he is to do 

with those which cannot thus be disposed of. 

Col: James Field to the Gtovernor. Septem. 28d 

Informing him of his inability to collect the required tax in that Prince 
County, because of the impossibility of employing agents who can give ^®^''S® C<>- 
proper security for the faithful performance of the duty &c. 

Mann Page to Gov: Harrison. Septem. 24th 

Respecting the Sale of Flour ordered. He finds it impossible to effect Fredericks- 
it, on account of the "scarcity of cash" — but thinks an extension of the ^^^ 
time of payment may enabled him to sell it before it spoils. 

Col: Davies to the Governor. Septem. 24th 

Laying before him an application from Col : White for the appoint- War Office 
ment of certain officers. From Lieut: Scott of White's Regiment just 
from the South, he learns, it now consists of only " two troops in the 
field, and has but 144 men in the whole.'' Under the Resolutions of 
Congress of Aug: 7th no more officers can be appointed and Genl: 
Greene could not have been aware of this fact at the date of his letter 
on this subject. In addition to this, Genl: Lincoln Sec'y of War, as 
instructed by Congress, actually withholds Commissions from ofitcers 
promoted: hence the appointments of ^^Howel and Throckmorton and 
Charles Scott" were improper; and of course the same applies to 
'^ Hughes and Massey (a South Carolinian)." 

4^ <.Ai4»jiAi u' rum ?a! 

i-mmmt^fyM Usl 

iMSiiMvf' <- i««a»*' i^ lAMiM^? jl: fiiwn» adit 
Dio^k ^)n4#4M^k Uut«iA m0yi^ i^tSM'- ^^^ liii^ 

;IMm<m^ m^^A^^m^ >^/ 'Vf <4i* l4ttA*k* 4^^ i0«K#Ae W tiff *-lWr ^nmtJ nam rf 
1^ f4^M4uif^ Ai^VMf ¥r%t>fMt. t\Ur 4dvr ^^kniii CitrMj 

V^*^H^ "4 ^I'h^ Ifhfm ftmUitim Ml« for wwn of hsutber, mnd the Uilom soon wiU be 

^^^^ ^hiinm Mf M#y mii «Hl|^(ily iilotb. Hm 00 hftncJ ''SOOBegimt'l coats; 
^l%H tmil^n MMNilifir of v»<#U A ovomlln nbould be at once gotten ready^ so 
1^ Umum\i\i»^ I^Un m\\iM, Um bii« re'd from Westbam **600 Damaged 
lOMMkuHv/' M4imfi of wbicib b^ in cleaning but can repair none of tbem 
MmMI I^ooU for tbii |iMr|ioiie are nirniiihed. Tbo guard necessary for the 
lU'MHMrVMtloii HoMt bM Moi yt^t come: they would at least be useful in 

ulDHolMg vbM aniitf. 



* * =^ '^ * '^ HfciWfiiO)*^ 

By the tvro Frfgiftter^ iiit>nUOiie4 in our ia^« CODigr«)i^ hav^ i-^^^iv^nt 
Itttt»c» from DcwtVFmnkHn iHi^ .Hr. Jay, who w«r^ at Voitiaill<»y Jattnl 
the 25th 4 29th of Iun«, Tho sum of th^ iutollig%5iic^ which ihay bring 
eoactsming: m)gptttttioii»^ for pi^iM.*^, isvth^t thti Hiui:%)i4ty inioiifcit^tHi ^t (Hkt 
penoii by the Court of Loodou in her ^vimuHM^ toward a pi^*ifkmtion, 
hml been soctteetied by ao apparent deeigit to dlmw tta^ n^$|E«HHHli<HMiinto 
k^Dgth^ wii^ the hope ot^ such tUr^er advantage*^ during tbi» oamtHMg^u 
a» would enable her to r»e in her demandfik 

Some coramuoicalione^ which have been tnad<^ to CVn^t^^fetti^ b> ih^^ 
Freoeh minister preeent the same idea» 

The loe» sustained in the French Frt^put^ which hmi go& aground in 
De^ware Baj proves to be ip-eater than wati afc[ ivH^ ifepor^. 'tik^ 
Enemj have succeeded in their attempti^ ^ ftoaft ber« and havt^ liakvn in 
her^ bender a eonstderabie <][uanti^ of merchandise) nearly OO^iMMJ^ IM- 

The paper Xo. I herewith eneloeed^ being an Kx^ifacl (>( a l^Wi^ th>m 
Doet'r Frankhn to the Supertntendant of l^^nance^ wiU iuJtibJNH >'0¥^ 
Exeellettcj ei' some iurther tokent» of iVWndahi^ whiot^ tib^ V^¥iw4 
States bare rectired ^rom their Ally.** 

We hare the hottor to be^ witih greal vn^tee^^, 
your ExceUy's* obet: <!k h'hh^ ^rvanta 

Extract from Dr. Franklins ietttnr OaM Fus^^ %^m ^ Us^. 

'^I am upon the point of liqutdaling all our aiHH)>uutA with \Vs> Uov- 
emment here, and giv^ing one general ohUgalion ihr the wb<d^ muw that 
the King has lent us (exclusive of gifts or suhdidie^) wh. muu\ amounts 
to 18,000,000 livres. By the particular obligatiouM I hav^ rtsMu \\\\w to 
time given for separate sums, I had engaged in behalf of the OiM^griM*^, 
that they should be paid off, the 1st Jan*y 1788, with the InteiH^t at h 
pr: cent. By the terms of this general ohligHtlon, which Im In {\m\\ of 
an agreement or contract between the King A the U, States, IiIm nit\)cHty 
graciously considering that it may incommode the (I, MtiUen to |m,v tint 
whole sum at one time, is pleased to agree that It may he pahl U\ 14 dlf 
ferent yearl}' payments, to commence with the flrwt yejinirtei' the jmhuh*: 
leaving nevertheless to our choice & liberty the payment of any g innate r 
proportion and more early [leriods as may he convenient to our ttmu- 
ces. His majesty also Kindly ft generously remltM all the IntereMt 
already accrued on my former ohligatloim, or that would bitve accrued 
thereby to the end of the war, which Im already a conHlderahle mumi. 
With regard to the 10,000,000 livros borrowed In Holland, we have that 


1782. at 4 pr: ct., and we are to pay the interest annually here, on the 5th of 
Septem. 24th Nov'r, the first payment in Nov'r next : and after five years we are to 
begin to repay the principal in ten yearly payments, so that in 15 years 
that debt will be discharged. The charges of commission k Banqae on 
this loan have been considerable & paid by the King. These also his 
majesty is pleased to remit." 

Septem. 26th CaPT: H. YoUNG TO THE ExECUTIVB. 

Richmond The -shortness of the present crop, has so much increased the demand 
for grain of all kinds every where within reach of Bichmond, that it 
cannot now be procured on credit, except at verj" advanced prices. He 
has only about *Hwenty days forage on hand** and is destitute of money. 
He therefore suggests, that a sufficient quantity of the Public Tobacco 
be disposed of, so as to obtain a supply of grain. The great scarcity of 
money will doubtless induce the people to take tobacco for grain, if it 
be offered them before the next collections. Grain is said to be selling 
low on the Eastern shore; if so, tobacco might be deposited with the 
' Commissioner there, to pay for grain. The risk and freight from the 
Eastern Shore to this side, will be amply balanced by the difference in 
prices here and there. Concludes, " Without considering Colo. Dabney's 
Corps, we shall consume, at half allowance, at this Post, and at the 
Point of Fork, eighty thousand weight of long Forage, from the first of 
October, to the first of May, and five hundred bushels of com pr: 

Septem. 25th Capt: Thos: Bowyer to THE GOVERNOR. 

Staunton Acknowledging receipt of his instructions, and has delivered his letters 
to the County Lieuts., who report, the recruiting money will soon be 
ready. There are very few drafts in the district — no supplies provided' 
at Staunton for the recruits, and as his orders require him to detain 
them there up to the number of sixteen^ he hopes to be instructed as to 
how they are to be supported. 


Solicitor's It being necessary that notice be given delinquent sheriffs, before he 

Office can move in the Genl: Court for Judgment against them, and it being 

requisite to employ persons to send out on this business, he requests his 

Excellency to grant a Warrant for "five & twenty or thirty pounds" for 

this purpose. 


Col: Ed: Carrinoton to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

((Sir Septem. 25th 

Capti Crurap, my lato assistaDt will have the Honor to deliver your "Camp Ash- 
Excellency this; and I beg you will be pleased to accept my most grate- ®^ * 
ful thanks for the repeated indulgences, through which I have so long 
retained his good services. This Gentlemen's delicacy has led him at 
length, to yield to the uneasinesses of his Begiment & to return to Vir- 
ginia that he rejoin it. 

Justice to his Talents, industry & integrity as a man of business for- 
bids that I should let him return home without declaring them to his 
Country — and gratitude for the particular advantages he has given to 
my department, which indeed with the army, was left entirely under 
bis management for near 12 months, calls on me to recommend him to 
your Excellency's notice in the most particular manner" &c. * * * 
1 have the Honour to be with much esteem & Bespect, 

Yr: Excellency's mo. obt. Sevt. 

Colo. Wm. Fleming to Gov: Harrison. Septem. 26th 


I wrote your Excellency by Express of the 4th Inst: to which I Botetourt 
have had no return, but received the papers & instructions ot the 9th 
by a rider dispatched by Mr. Hay C. A. who delivered the travelling 
stores Ac, and $150 specie. I am sorry to observe the money is by no 
means adequate to the purposes: however that difficulty may perhaps 
be got over, this morning Mr. Peterson handed me an open letter from 
Col: Logan for the Executive, informing your Excellency of the melan- 
choly catastrophy of many valuable people in that Country. Your 
Excellency will perceive that Country is in a great confusion and dis- 
order, and be convinced the powers desired by the Commiss'r, in the 
letter I had the honour of writing your Excellency by Armstrong are 
not altogether unnecessary — permit me to transcribe part of a letter I 
received from Col: Bowman, of the 30th of August last dated "Lincoln" 
*'some of our men have been stealing horses from the French at Oport, 
which has occasioned great disturbance among them. The French sent 
50 of the Oport Indians after their horses, retook all their horses, one 
of our men is missing, we suppose he is killed. 

What has raised the Jealousy of the French, is that Genl: Clark's 
Express arrived but a few days before the horses were taken, to Mr. 
Dalton to contrive the cannon privately from Oport to the falls. The 
French demanding a sight of the express, it was refused, which has con- 
firmed their opinion that Genl : Clark is concerned in sending the men 
there for that purpose, and if this breach is not made up shortly we may 
expect all the Western Indians on our backs." I must suppose Genl: 


1782, Clark has Ment for the beavj cannon apn^eable to instructions, to be 
tieftiem. 2iHh removed with as little noise as possible, however the taking the horses 
in a clandestine way, as it is represented in the above extract, may make 
it more difficult for the Commissi of Ace'ts to settle & examine into the 
business of that part of the country. I design, with the other Comssrs. 
U) set out the first of Oet>. we may be detained a few days in Wash- 
ingt^>n county, to make up a sufficient party to pass with security to 
Kentucky. Mr. Granville Smith is come up, but is wavering in his reso- 
lution to go out, as he thinks it will be exceeding difficult to provide 
horses k other necessarys without money, meeting with Col : Logan's 
Expret»s, I thought it might not be amiss to write by him. 
I have the honour to be, with great respect Your Excellency's 

most obt. Humble Servant." 

Hept«m. 26th David Ross to the Govsbmor. 

t Arrowfield * Thanking him for renewed proofs of his friendship and politeness. Had 
ho requested a quantity of tobacco at all commensurate with what is 
due him, he should not have been astonished at the objections made by 
the Council. He has advanced to the State, ^' above twelve hundred 
hhd8: Tobo. besides money," and to ask for only "150 or 200 hhds:" to 
enable him to discharge some debts, he thinks was modest. He trusts 
however he shall be able to ride in a few days, when he will appear in 
Richmond to meet these difficulties &c. 

Septem. 26tb Capt: A. Bohannan has received the Governor's appointment as 
Richmond recruiting Officer for Powhatan County, has enlisted eighteen men at 
the rendezvous, and finds there are many who are enclinod to reinlist 
for the war, at the expiration of their present terms. 

Sepiom*. 26th Col: Chas: Cameron informs Col: Davies, of his having contracted 
SUunton with Mr. Perry to repair the Public Muskets "at Ten shillings for 

Septem. 26th DaVID fioSS TO THE GOVEBNOB. 

*Arrowfle1d' He observes that under the present arrangement, the ''Financier 
Geni : is to Cloath the whole army." He, himself, claims no contract, 
although ho imported the goods solely for the purpose of clothing the 
Troops, and as he was not bound to the State, of course tiie State is not 
bound to him. The letter his Excellency proposes to address to the 
Financier is all he can expect, and if he wants to purchase clothing, 
"he may as well lay out a part of the money in Virginia, as else where." 


Jno. Pierce encloses lo ikte ^Executive, a BetOTii of all collections mtide 17S2. 
bv tbe CommwaiODerp in h» J>wtrict, under the late Twruitinc: law. S6fte«i, 27tli 
excepting tbe Countie^ of Hanover and Varrick : tbe latter Co. has Hidiaioiid 
never appointed a Commieaioner to tniUect tbe Tax — the SberifT informs 
him, tbe Court considered tbe inbabitants bad been "too much distressed 
by tbe enemy k that a petition was intended to be addressed to the 
next Grenl : Assembly piaying a release'' from tbe tax. 

Ck>ntinues, *' I presume your Excellency remembers that at tbe time 
you were elected Governor, I was acting as Commissaiy Gtinl : k Com- 
missioner for tbe State, which offices I was appointed to by your prede- 
cessor Gov : kelson, without knowini: what reward 1 was to receive for 
my services. I therofon' wrote to tbe Hon*ble David Jameson Esq, to 
inform vour Excellencv k the rtjst oi* vour Hoii'ble board, of the nature 
of my app<»intment. on whose Courtesy 1 depended for reward, k was 
assured by Mr. Jameson that the board resolved to allow me twenty 
shillings pr: day. Viesidet. necessary expenses, have tbereibre taken tiie 
liberty t<» inclose a state of my Acca. for Servit^es performed as principle 
Assistant to Mr. John Browne, also for tbe time I acted as C-ommissaiy 
freneral, k for tbe number of days I have lieen engaged in Settling 
public Business asl>istric!t Commissioner &c '' — asks pemussion to retom 
tbe money in his hands fr*>m tbe collection of tbe speci^c Tax, amounts 
ing to "^al^out ecfventy jKiunds" — ^Urgos tbe settlement of his claim, in 
as much as be bas **l»een S4» distressed by tbe Enemv k other mi«for- 
tuner*'' that he can with difficulty proc:nre necessaries for bis family. 

Jiio. PiEBCX TO OoL: Wm. Daviss. S^>lem. 27ili 

In regard to Collections of tbe Specific Tax in bis District. He has RiobuMNid 
rec'd Beeves k clothing only from James City and Cbaries City Cos. — 
Eliz: City is making efforts, but York k Warwick have done nothing, 
nor does be think they will do anything unless <^mpelled. Williams- 
burg ha.** furnished part of ber quota of beeves and clothing. Nothing 
done in New Kent, and tbe County Lieutenant informs him, **tbey did 
not intend to do anj'thing about it,'' as he thought there was no law for 
collecting such taxes of the y>eople. Hanover has furnished a jiart of 
her quota. The Co. Court of Warwick, he learns declined to appoint 
Commissioners, and will petition tbe next Assembly to be relieved from 
the tax. 



178SL Catw: i^m% Pcnov ro Coi/Ol Tbok: yLwmswwxmwML at fiicuon. 

"-bear Sir 
TmaX^ I reed roar ^tc^ pr: C^pC: KirkpAUick: I mm. umkappj to 

be inifjrmed thmt kt* Exeeliency tlie Gorcmor ^oeM * finooi tJie r«fwrt» 

of l.^iiFT people ;> «iippi<M4r ae capable of setui^ a pan so dcro^atoiT from 
the hue fA duty in particalar k the latereft of tbe State ia GeaX as to 
attetDpt tbe deiftnKtioai of tbe magirine. or mnj otber part of the pob- 
Ik: stores at tb» place, vhkrb is ooder mj care. Tbe Ttry Idea woonds 
mj feeliogs raoeb. I tberefore reqoest tbat bi$ ExeeUcncy isbould be 
tbiiik it adTiflftbley order an enqairj ioto mr conduct reepeding tbat 
matter, ai abo lor m j otber Tiaiuaetioiis of tbe doties of tbe Post anee 
I bare bad ebarge of tbe DepaitmeDt. 

I bope it win not be tbougbt Grange tbat tbe door was lorced, wben 
I tell joa tbat tbe magaziike was guarded bj a Cootin'i Soldier, wbo 
knew little €ft bis datv. owing to bis Just Joining tbe detaebment. Tbo' 
be bad repeated orders to sniTer no person to tome near tbe place. I 
wisb a gtiard immediately sent up for tbe porpo^ of guarding tbe 
magazine, as I cannot suppo^ it entirelj safe witboat. in tbe mean 
time sball use every endeavor in mj power to preserve it, aa w^ as 
every tbing else committed to my ebarge." 

I am dear Sir, 

affectionaiely youns*^ kc. 


Se^Um. 28Ui Thos: Jett Co. Luktt: to Col: Datuds. 

Respecting the Collection of tbe Specific Tax for tbe present year in 
tbat County. He will make every elTort to get the accounts ol the 
Commiss'rs by the time the aasembly meets. He sends by the bearer of 
this, to Mr. Hay, Tobacco notes for '*22 Hhds.. 13 of which finom tbe 
Comm'r for 1781 " — the other 9 are from sales of otber specifics, which 
are to be reprised. 

Hq»teiD. 28Ui Lswis BcBWKLL Co. Lieut: to the GoYXRNoa. 

Jfeeklen- He has not been able to make return of the money collected & of the 
Q^ drafl in time according to law, because be could get no person to under- 
take the riding necessary to deliver to the commissioners proper notice, 
for want of authority to pay for such a service. ^ Tbe eighth of tbe 
Tax" amounts to £521.1.11., and he has received £460.13.1. He will 
issue warrants against delinquents at once— concludes '*I should be glad 
to part with it as there are such rogues passing through the countiy 
that I am in perpetual dread.'* 


Wa^ HmT C 

to Cmp€: PejVML Jftfi d 


lif PV^Lm *>lf FiitIl bat W «;Mt»x ^iq yy t y BM»r4 

CoL: Wm. Chushas Ti> Got: Hakkk^vil 


I take tlie liWvtr of adineMiac a ii^v Ijiiws t4> wMtr Exv^^tlnMXT^ 
upon the Suhfttt id tW Kestnrkv Coaatrx. and iaitter wrs^* il nr^tttnM^ 
DO spologj. as jo« mrv aMiuawtcd witk my Keta^ a R«^p«vim«I«|£t^ Ifewt 
that Coaatry. A itw day» ad^]L tbe Report of ma Kxp^ilKMsi ma^fe bv 
the Savages iato Fayette reaehcd thb £ur. and perhapi^ «uiy W al Rk^Ik 
mond before thi» Letter; bat a» I hare seea a Letter lorom Colo. Leri 
Todd, I will e a clo g e an extraet frooi it, lor your Satts&etMa. as you 
may not yet hare had any well aathenticattfd aceoont fn>m thence. 

The nomber of nien killed i» a lamentable thing k)^ that OonnUry, and 
the loss of some of their priikeipal and best officers adds greatly to their 
sorrow. Besides this diaastroos Event* a lew Bay^ alter, 37 People 
were taken in a station upon Salt river, about 40 mike Arom the F^lsk 
The^e successes will surely encourage the Sbawsne^^ to new EnterpriiWL 
Kentuekey it is supposed does not contain above IMM) m<m at precwnt. 
the general Part of the young men having come off this summer^ as is 
commonly the case when Danger appears there. The Settlements are 
so much scattered, that it is difficult, and takes sume Days to collect a 
Force together, particularly to go to any Distance from their own 
Families, when no other man knows what number of the Enemy have 
entered the Country, nor where the first Stroke will be made. The last 
3I0W has cast a Gloom over the whole Country, and indeed Sir, their 
Distress is so great, that I need not attempt to describe it« And more- 
over, all accounts agree that there is Danger from the Wabash Indians^ 
who are disgusted with our Procedings in their Country. 

It is true numbers of People are now on the Road, moving out>» 
but from the encumbrance of women, children and stock, the men will 
be of little service in fighting for the Country this year. And I am 
doabtful many of them will turn into Carolina towards the Cherokees 
where they may live in safety. If no succour is sent to Kentuekey, and 
the war with the British. continues another Year, it is more than Proba* 
ble the whole of the Inhabitants will be killed, taken to Detroit or 
driven away: And when that is no longer a Barrier. Washington, 
Montgomery and Greenbrier must suffer. These Counties have suffered 
this year from small Parties, but Kentucky employs the attention of the 
Bulk of the Shawney Nation. Your Excellency will please to reflect 
that any Force which may be marched firom Fort Pitt against their 



1782. immediate enemies, will be of no service to Kentuckey, or the Rest of 
Septem. 28th our Frontiers Southwest of Augusta, which seems to be the distance 
allotted to the Shawnese and Mingos. I believe Colo. Crawford's Expe- 
dition was against Sanduskey, and if General Irvine carries on another, 
it will probably be the same Coarse, and do as but little good — 

From your Excellencies known humanity and willingness to releive 
every Part of the Country under your Care, I can have no doubt, but 
you will readily fall upon any measures which may appear to you eligible 
for the Support of Kentuckey. I would therefore propose to your con- 
sideration the Expediency of having Garrisons erected upon the Ohio, 
and defended by regular Troops, as I hope you could spare a Regiment 
from the lower Country. Besides the Falls, the month of Kentucky 
and mouth of Licking would be proper Places. Perhaps Spotawood's 
Legion could be sent out: Such of them as ai*e equipt as Dragoons 
would be of essential service against Indians. Even musket men with 
bayonets would be of more use than it is generally thought: as the 
Indians of late depend more upon the use of their Tomhaks and Spears, 
than their Fire — 

In the mean time Sir, until something more permanent can be done 
for the country, I am induced to offer myself to your Excellency and 
the Council, to aim at raising five hundred Volunteers in the Counties 
of Augusta, Rockbridge, Greenbrier, Botetourt. Montgomery & Wash- 
ington to hasten out on Horseback. And when arrived there I would 
expect to be joined by what Force that country could spare, and would 
suppose the whole might form a Brigade of 1000 men : and with them 
I would hope to be able to make an excursion throughout the Shawnee 
country. Considering the Finances of our countr}', I should expect 
every man to find himself a Horse, arms and accoutrements, and also 
Provisions & Forage to carrj^ him as far as Washington Court House, 
where some supply might be procured out of the Taxes of that Count}', 
to last from thence to Kentucky. I would wish to avoid all unneces- 
sary Parade & Expence, and also the being encumbered with Beeves or 
Pack-horses. I suppose the men would expect to have their Howes and 
accoutrements valued, & if lost, paid for at some future Day; and no 
doubt they would think of being entitled to the same Pay as others in 
like service, & for the Provisions found themselves. The men who 
would go from here would not be too many for acting as mounted 
Infantry & Dragoons. Perhaps I could procure a few proper Horsemen 
from Henry, Bedford & Amherst. And I have a chance for some in 
Sullivan County upon Holston. Col: Preston of this County and Col: 
Campbell of Washington, have both offered me their assistance, and I 
expect I should have the assistance of the Officers in the other Counties. 
The season of the year may be thought unfavourable for such a scheme: 
but I conceive it would be no great obstacle to such men as would be 
excited to go from motives of Generosity & zeal for the People of Ken- 
tuckey. Horses can live well all the winter at Kentuckey, and in the 


Shawney Coantry, and a successful attack upon Indians in the winter, 1782. 
would Bisti'ess them Vastly more than at any other Season. If the Septem. 28th 
whole number of volunteers I mentioned cannot be got no doubt a con- 
siderable part can, and ever so few going out would Inspirit the People 
of Kentuckey, and give- new life to their operations. 

Should your Excellency & the Council think well of my proposals, I 
hope you will hold out such encouragements for the Volunteers as you 
think Right; and give me such instructions and Powers as you may 
judge proper. The Bearer Capt: MacCorkle will be able to give any 
further Information you ma}' want, and can convey your Orders to the 
several Counties & to me. 

I beg your Excellency to believe I have not the most distant wish to 
acquire any lasting Command in the Western Country; a few months 
will aiford Time for all I expect to execute so that any Appointment 
you may vest me with, cannot interfere with any other Person there. 

If the Plan is approved it endeavour to go through with 

it, And if not, I will not Doubt but your Excellency will do the best for 
that Country that you find can be done with a good Prospect. 

I am Sir, your most obedient & humble Servant." 

"Extract of a Letter from Col: Levi Todd to his Brother, Capt: Robt. 

Lexington, Aug: 26th. '82. 

"On the 16th Instant, in the morning an Express arrived from 
Bryant's Station informing us it was expected a Body of Indians lay 
round the Fort. I Set off with 30 men to see if it was so, and before I 
got there (which is five miles distant) was joined by 10 men from Daniel 
Boones. I found the Place surrounded & intended to force our way 
in. Seventeen of the foremost Horsemen rushed in; but being attacked 
at the mouth of a Lane ; the remainder, some on Hoi*seback, and myself 
and Ten others on Foot, were forced to retreat, leaving one man killed, 
and having three wounded, one of whom died next morning, but the 
other two will recover. 

Our Brother being over in Lincoln, I sent Expresses there desiring 
aAsistance. In the meantime, the Indians made a violent attack upon 
Bryants Fort and continued it all day & night: and a storm was 
expected. However they met with some Loss, and on the morning of 
the 17th went off. In the Evening, our Brother, Col: Trigg, and Major 
Macgar}^ came with 130 men. On the morning of the 18th we collected 
182 men all on Horaeback, and pursued the Enemy till 8 o'clock in the 
morning of the 19th, when we got sight of them- forming in a Ridge in 
a Loop of the River, about three Quarters of a Mile North of the lower 
blue Lick and over the Licking. We had then pursued about 40 miles. 
We rode up within 60 yards, dismounted, gave & sustained a heavy and 
general Fire. The ground was equally favorable to both Parties and the 
Timber good. The left wing rushed on & gained near 100 yards of 


1782. ground. But the Right gave way, and the Enemy soon flanked us on 
Septem. 28th that side, upon which the center gave way & shifted behind the lefl 
Wing. And immediately the whole broke in Confusion after the Action 
had lasted about five minutes. Oui* men suffered much in the Retreat, 
many Indians having mounted our men's Horses, haveing open woods 
to pass through to the River, and several were killed in the River. 
Several efforts were made to rally, but all in .Vain. He that could 
remount a horse was well off, and he that could not saw no time for 
delay. Our Brother received a Ball in his left Breast, and was on 
Horseback when the men broke. He took a course I thought Danger- 
ous, and as I never saw him afterwards, I suppose he never got over 
the River. Col: Trigg, Major Harlin, Major Bulger, Captains McBride, 
Gordon, KinKead, and Overton fell upon the ground, also our friend 
James Brown. Our number missing is about sfeventy-five. I think the 
number of the Enemy was at least 300, but many of the men think five 
hundred. Colo. Logan with 500 men went to the ground on the 24th, 
and found & buried about 50 of our dead men. They were all stript 
naked, scalped, & mangled in such a manner that it was hard to know 
one fVom another. Our Brother was not known. 

As People in different parts of the Country will be anxious to know 
the names of the Killed, I will add a List of what I can now remember — 

Colo. John Todd, Col: Stephen Trigg — Major Silas Hardin, Major 
Edward Bulger — Captains Wm. McBride, John Gordon, Joseph Einkead, 

and Cluff Overton — ^Lieutenants Wm. Givens, John Kenneday & 

Rodgers — Ensign John MacMurtry. Privates — Francis McBride, John 
Price, James Ledgerwood, John Wilson, Isaac MacCracken, Lewis Rose, 
Mathias Rose, Hugh Cunningham, Jesse Yokum, William Eadds, Esau 
Com, William Smith, Henry Miller, Ezekiel Field, John Folley, John 
Fry, Val Stern, Andrew MacConnell, James Brown (Surgeon), William 
Harris, William Stewart, William Stevens, Charles Ferguson, John Will- 
son, John O'Neal, John Stapleton, DanM Greggs, Jervis Green, Drury 
Policy, William Robertson, Gilbert Marshall, James Smith and Mr. 
Joseph Lindsay." 

Septem. 29th Chas: Diok to Col: Davies. 

Fredericks- In regard to the Gun Factory at that Place. Little more can now be 
^^^ done, but to guaixl \ he premises and take care of the effects, that nothing 
be lost, or injury done to the public property. It is important however 
to pay off the "Hands" and all arrearages due according to promises 
made them, that they may return to work upon call. But it is abso- 
lutely necessaiy that a stock of necessaries be laid in, and that the men 
be regularly paid to carry on the Works. 


Richard Yarbrough informs Col : Dalies, there are many public Beeves 1782. 
collected in pastures on expence, which should be sold as they will soon Septera. 29th 
begin to "fall off." They can only be sold on several months credit. If ^^"u^^y*® 
to be driven to Richmond the idle Soldiers should be sent for them, in as 
much at it will be too expensive to hire men for the purpose. 

B. Lincoln Scy: at War to Majr: Gbnl: Greene. Septem. 8(Hh 

** Dear Sir 

By the letter herewith (enclosed) from His Excellency General War Office 
Washington, which was sent to me under a flying seal, you will learn 
that the propriety or impropriety of removing the Troops or any of 
them this Winter, is with you to determine. 

If you should think proper to remove any of the troops northward 
this fall, I wish you would send on the Delaware Corps, and the over- 
plus of a full Regiment of each of the Maryland & Pennsylvania Troops. 
These with the recruits here will form one other Regiment in each state. 
It will be much better to have the Regiments formed, and the men as 
much as possible together, than to continue them in the detached state 
they have been for some time — ^for this idea however we are much 
indebted to you. 

I wish you would incorporate the Virginia Regiments of Horse into 
one, on the Plan of Congress. 

I have also to request that you would form all the Continental troops 
with you, who have been enlisted either for the war, or three years, 
into proper Corps, as directed by the resolve of Congress of the 7th of 
August last, which I forwarded you some time since, and now inclose a 

The moment you have taken your determinations what troops yon 
will retain, I wish to be informed whether they can or cannot be supplied 
with cloathing with you: of this I suppose there will be no doubt, in 
case Charles Town should be evacuated. Indeed we' had better give 
almost any price, than think of sending from here. We have met with 
so many losses and delays, that we have little hope of success, should it 
be again attempted: however if the cloathing cannot bo obtained for 
you, it must go from hence. 

I have the honor to be &c.'' 


Jno. Pierce informs Col: Davies he has sent an account of all the cash Septem. 80th 
furnished Mr. Robertson in his District; and he may rely upon his being James City 
ready with the full returns of the Specific Tax by the time the Assem- ^• 
bly meets. 


1782. Summary of List of Inhabitants of New Kent County, taken by Lyd- 

Septem. — dall Bacon, and certified to by Will: Clayton C. N. K. Co. Whites 1617— 
Blacks 2957— Total 4574. 

Septem. — Capt: A. JoEL TO THE Governor. 

Complaining of the conduct of one Joseph Shoemaker, **a prisoner 
taken at York," now on parole, and residing at Mr. Hay*s tavern: 
behaves with the greatest disrespect to- many, and lately "has given his 
tongue the utmost latitucie and freedom." He has also recently de- 
nounced him (Joel) as a "dartin'd Rebel," which demands that some 
notice be taken of conduct so reprehensible on the p:^rt of a paroled 
prisoner, and so insulting to one who has sacrified so much for the 
country. It gives the enemy particular pleasure to hear him abused, 
who "has sacrificed every thing for this country," especially by "a man 
whose life is so justly forfeited by his conduct towai-ds this State." 

Septem. — Invoice of goods for clothing — Keady made Uniforms, and other arti- 
cles for soldiers, thus described, "Coats of blue cloth, with capes, lapels, 
& worsted apulets," lined with white serge — metal buttons, U. S. A. — 
Waistcoats of white twilled cloth, with serge linings thro' & metal bat- 
tons as above" — "white twilled cloth Breeches, with fiannel liniogs and 
buttons as above" — for Drummers, "white cloth, blue serge linings &c.," 
same as above. 

Septem. — "INVOICE OF Cloths and Linings, also Ready made Clothes & 


Amongst other articles, are "Bales of blue cloth — narrow serges — 
superfine whitend Duroys," Coats of blue cloth with Ca|)es, Lapels aud 
Worsted apnlcts for Corporals, lined with white Serge, metal buttons 
Uniforms U. S. A. — Waistcoats of white twilled cloth with serge linings thro* & 
metal buttons" "white cloth Breeches with Flannel linings and buttons 
as above." Suits for Corporals — Suits for Sergeants, Coats, blue cloth 
with Capes, Silk Apulets, lined thro' & as above ; Waistcoats & Breeches 
same as above." Suits for Drummers — the Coats very Stout white 
Cloth, blue serge linings with Apulets &c., Waistcoats and breeches same 
as above — "200 pr: strong German Hempen 0«n'd Trowsers, with 
spatter dashes, all in one." 


John <^Vix To THF Ekett-tivk 17>^2. 

in beiudt of Mr. John fiatlev Xorton. vtrho haTifi^r recoivf^l n Con- Richmond 
mernment ol ffoods from thr Wef;i inditps in TTfU). hnd^oM to thc5?tato. 
part oi the sudi- t/» the mmonni of fmv hnnrtrfvl thon*«aTnl "pounds oi' 
Tobaecti **<twinir lo his lo$«f^ef^ hv the Enemv A' his Rflairs heinir othor 
iR-ifie dcranffed/' lie iimd noi heen uhli- to meet the drafts made on him. 
by the Shipper«5 of theae eroodfi; his i»eeirnti«^ would therehv hv made 
10 mS^r k»B^i. unleas he is sftorded relief ifce 

fJOL: AkTHTR GaiTPIIELL TC» C-Oh: Wn. DaVT15S. OctoVr 5^d 


From Col Christuui juid the iie<*oiints f^enl bv Ma^or Netherland. Wiishin<^oTi 
tbt^ i^xecnnve mjiT W tullv infbrmed of the State ot' thi- War in the Ti»^^:il.*v 
KeutucJrv < ountry . What if it nhonld he t<he policy of the Briltsh Kpntncky 
liiniBiT}- t<» drire m from tlie otiier side the Apalaehinn monntain before ^^^"*''> 
the *»i^in«r the preiiminariefi of pcatrt^ 

Ai any rate tb«y are anitin^ the'Sava^ Tribe*, and endeavoring to 
fvm tJie fleedi^ of deep iaid animoBity. which will lenijthen the Indian 
war u> a ioii«rer period thaii most imafifine. Nothiiuj now ^l put an 
end u> ii. bat a decided Wow in the enemies eoontry, and a pea<>e fi^iven 
them in the hoar of their panic and miafort^ine. af><^rw«rd*j condwct<^ 
by a pro]wrr Suj*erintendeney, or that Canada becomes onrs, or our 

The method oi arming and arrB3ing our militia ought to be varj<vi. Bayonets nnd 
The Bavonet and Sevmeter mti9t be introduced to enable us now to fkoe ^y'"^'**^'' 
the ludianh. And Evolutiomi i*uited t^ the woods should be learned 
l»uth br FcK>t and Horse. All our lat^ defeats have been ooeasi<>ned 
thro neglect of these, and a want of a proper authority and capacity in 
the f ommandiiig Officers. Xever was the lives of so many valuable 
men lost more shamcsfblly than in tlie late a<*tion of the l^h of Atigti^t, 
and that iKPt a little thro' the rain and seditions expressions of a Major Folly of M^^j. 
MeGeary. How much more harm than good can one fi>ol do. T<>dd 1^ Ttyld^nti 
Trigg had capacity bat wanted expeTien<v. Boone. UaHin and Lindf*ay ^W 
had experieiK^ bat were defective in capacity. <ri>o<i howexer >vonbi it ^^^^ 
have been, had their advice been followed. liOgan is a dull. nat*m\v 
body from whom nothing clever nee<i be ex|H5eteil. What a figure he 
exhibited at the hea<l of near 500 men lo i^eaeh the rteld of aetion sit 
days afterwards, and hardly wait to bury the dead, ftttd when it WAs 
plain, part of the Indians were still in the Country, t^enl. Clarke is ih vUtk^ hrtd 
that country, but he has lost the conttdenco of the people, and it is said ^'>»t*l^'*i*t\^rt- 
become a Sot; perhaps something worse. ht»o|ilo; n!«n|, 




1782, The chance is now against General Irvine** smeeetjding: disappointed 

October Zd in Clarke^ ccM-iperation, which he was promised, and it is said set out 
StoMm Girtj with only 1200 men. Simon Girty can out number him; and flashed 
with so manj victories^ to his natural boldness, he will be confident. 

This state of our Western Affairs call?* for the united wisdom and 
most serious attention of the Exec*utive. 
The Carolin- The Carr>linians are gone on with their Expedition against those 
th^cSe^^ Cherokees, they say that gives an asylum to Tories, 
kees I wish they may succeed, but still dread the consequence of multiply- 

CbickMsw ing our Enemies. Two Chickasaw Chiefs have been at the Carohnia 
' Settlement on the Sbawanee or Cumberland River, from thence they 

came to our Settlement on Kentucky. Peace are their profession, but 
complain of our making settlement at the Iron Bank, on the Mississippi. 
I esteem your person, and like your politicks, therefore send you this 
communication, merely for your private information. 

I am sir with usual respect your 
very humble servant *' 

October 4th Col: W%. Davies recommends to the Executive "the bearer James 
Wsr Office Chambers, and unfortunate young man, whose wounds received in the 
service of his country entitle him to the care of his country" &a\ 

October Mh Humph: Richards applies to Col: Davies for return of a certain 
amount of com advanced by him to the State, his family being now in 
great need thereof &c. 

October 6th James Adam, makes ** Return" of Flour and Hemp received by him, 
Alezsndris ^^ ^^^^ place, in collecting the Specific Tax &c. 

October 6th CoL: Chas: Dabney to Gov: Harrison. 

York Town He had ordered a Court Martial to try Capt: Roane, as required, and 
had given timely notice to the magistrates at W^msburg, in order that 
the witnesses might be present. But as none came, the Court had 
unanimously discharged him — Hecommends that Capt: Armand, the 
bearer be allowed to go to the West Indies on leave of absence, "to set- 
tle some family affairs of great consequence to him" &c. 



"Circular" — Robert Morris to the Governor op Virginia. 

Enclosing copy of an act of Congress of Oct. 1st — Draws particular 
attention to this, and adds "I shall not attempt to add anything to it 
because it appears to me that Congress have said all which can be neces- 
sary. Neither shall I on this occasion attempt to display the extraordi- 
nary merit and SuflPerings of our Army, because I will not suppose any 
Persons in the United States to be ignorant of what is so generally 
acknowledged. Besides, it is not my present Business to ask for our Offi- 
cers & Soldiers any Reward, but merely the means to do them Justice, 
Your Excellency will I hope excuse however this one Observation, that 
their exemplary Patience under the Detention of theirDues gives them a 
double Title to what Congress now asks for these their faithful Servants. 

With perfect Respect, I have the Honor to be 
Sir, your most obedient and humble 

The act of Congress referred to, afler stating in its preamble the com- 
plaints caused by the partiality shown to some of the troops of the 
State Lines, by their States, in appropriating the funds intended for the 
general good to the payment of these troops, and afler stating that under 
the Articles of Confederation, all charges of war were to be equally dis- 
tributed by the Congress, provides by several Resolutions, for the prompt 
payment of all arrears due the Troops; declares all advances made by 
States to their own Soldiers should not be credited to them by the Uni- 
ted States; and requiring the Several States to make speedy payment 
of their quota, in order that the "Officers & Soldiers of the American 
Army" may be paid the amounts due them for the year 1782, &c. 

October ad 

Office of 

Birkett Davenport enclosing to Col: Davies, accounts of his coUec- October 6tb 
tions in that District &c. Gulpeper Co. 

Wm. Tatham to Gov: Harrison. 

October 6th 

He had been wrecked near that place, and offera his services in efforts Cape May 
to "discover the offenders*' in the transaction connected with "Whit- 
lock's Sloop" &c. The villiany of "the Barge men of Egg harbour in 
plundering us," should incline all good citizens in that region to aid in 
detecting a "set of common Robbers who pay no regard to Friend or 




1782. Jno: Scott to . 

October 7th 
Point of He bad ordered seven barrels of eoru and 106 bushels of oats to Point 

^^^'^ of Fork from Louisa, **wbieb is all the forage in that county." Mr. 
Anthony Kuekers and Mr. Loving's accounts enclosed. Mr. Penn's pur- 
chase of grain, almost ruined by neglect; At new Glasgow, the "window 
of the house oppen and 40 pigions been preying on it from the time 
it was there; add to that perhaps ten times as many rats, the peas all 
Weavel eaten, &c. &c. Should have more to say on this subject when he 
came down. 

Neglect of 

October 8th 


Diff: kinds 
of tobacco 
for the 


David Ross to the Governor. 

In regard to the large amounts of Tobacco due by him on Contracts. 
500 hhds: James River Tobacco due, but South Quay & Hanover Town 
Tobacco would serve his purpose. He had just been called upon "in 
the most pressing terms " by a gentleman for Toba. due him, and whose 
vessel was at great expense awaiting its delivery, &c. 

October 8th 

Dr. Wm. Foushee to Col: Da vies. 

Richmond In accordance with instructions from the Executive, making Estimate 

of the military expenses for his department, &c. With the strictest econ- 

Expense of omy £411.12. — would be required to furnish all necessary medical supplies 

HwpiuUt "for the Hospital at this Post"— Tnere were all exhausted. He does 

Richmood • . • • 

not include in this estimate his pay, not regarding it, as strictly a mili- 
tary expense. 

October 8th Major Chas: Dick, wintes to Col: Davies, that before he coidd ''set 
Fredericks- the Factory fairly on foot again," it would be necessary to pay up all 
^^^^ arrears, and provide a stock of materials "to go upon" — and advance 
£1000 at once, for wages of workmen. 

October 9tb 

Wm. Hay, Commercial Agent, to the Gtovernor. 

Richmond In regard to the purchasing stores for the State Legion, "boots for 
the horsemen, buttons scarlet cloth to finish the Regimentals" medicines 
& hospital stores & other matters" Ac, for which funds are wanted. 
Encloses an inventory of articles purchased for the Naval, Military and 
Civil services, with many which should have been appropriated to pay- 
the debts of his office. Thinks this could be done under the appropria- 
tion Bills passed at the last Session of the Geul: Assembly, and by using 


part of the Contingent fund. Hopes, that when the Treasurer shall 1782. 
have made his Returns, "a Quantity of the Specifics" may be ordered October 9th 
into his office, to enable him to meet the pressing demands upon him, 
else the expenses incident to his Office might as well be dispensed with. 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Goveknok. Ott.ber9th 

Enclosing •* return" of "the Commanding officers of Hanover, King War Office 
William & New Kent" Cos. respecting the number of "six months" 
men^ already condemned by Court Martials to serve in the regular Army, 
who are allowed to i*emain undisturbed at their homes. If this condition 
of things be longer permitted, the State would probably feel the con- 
sequences of such unwarrantable indulgence, in any future invasion, the Conduct of 

dread of punishment beinsc at an end — adds "The County of Hanover ^*^® ^f**°",. 
r o J quent militia 

has been particularly disobedient and seems to have long since laid aside in Hanover 
the expectation of any inconvenience from refusing to perform their ""** other 
tours of duty." Recommends a Proclamation from his Excellency 
requiring all such delinquents to report without delay either to the 
Commanders at Richmond or York, on pain of being treated as deserters. 
Suggests further the propriety of ordering Col: Dabney to detach 
"parties of infantry and cavalry" for their apprehension. 

In obedience to the orders of the Executive, he had informed the Cannon in 
Commanding officer of Hanover, that those delinquents who would ^?"'""'^y 
render assistance "in getting the cannon out of Pamunkey, should be 
excused" from the consequences of their conduct, "but even this offer 
was disregarded by them, as a condemnation has at present all the 
advantages of an exemption, as the delinquents will not do duty in the 
militia to which they say they do not belong, neither will they join the 
regulars to whom they do belong." 

I have the honor to be Ac, &c. 

Lieut: Wm. Vowler to Gov: Harrison. October 9th 

Asking to be paid the price of his negro slave, executed in Orange Richmond 
County for the crime of Rape — he had been valued according to law, at 
£175, being a good black-smith. His own services in the Army for 
these campaigns had so impoverished him, that he felt compelled to 
make this application. Should he succeed, it was his purpose "to join 
Col: Dabney 's Legion, instead of continuing a supernumery Lieuten- 
ant" &c. 


1782. Capt: John Pryor to Col: Da vies. 

October 10th 
Richmond Asking leave to visit his mother ''in great distress with a probability 

of losing her husband, who is my Father in Law, by sickness, and wishes 

much to see me" &c. 

October loih CoL: Abra: Green to the Governor. 

Amelia Co. Giving reasons why the several Acts "passed the last Spring" & in 
Oct: 1780 for recruiting men for the Continental Army had not been 
executed in that County. 

October 11th CoL: John Cropper to Col: Davies. 

Accomftck Enclosing copies of all Commissaries* accounts he could get since be 
came into oflSce &c. Mr. Snead*s were in great confusion, he having 

October 11th Capt: J. Pryor applying to Col: Davies for clothing for the operatives 
Richmond in the Laboratory, who he says "are really distresst" for them. 

October 14th Remonstrance of numerous citizens of that County, addressed to the 
Lancaster Governor, against the proposed pardon of one Maurice Wheeler, con- 
^* demned to death for the muitier of Bailey George, Signed by — Peter 
Conway, Wm. Brown Att'3' for the Commonwealth; Wra. Tapscott, 
John Bailey, Henr}' Lawson, James Ball, Wm. Lee, James Gordon, 
Thad. McCarty, John Seldeu. Jas: Ewell, and others Justices of the 

October 14th Wm. Ramsat to Gov: Harrison. 

Alexandria In behalf of a negro Slave "Charles" condemned to death for bur- 
glary, and enclosing the recommendation'^ of the Magistrates who pre- 
Pardon for a sided at his trial, for his pardon. This is urged on the ground, that 
Slave, &c. although told to plead not guilty, he admitted that he •* was guilty of 
entering the house & taking awaj* the bacon," and that but for this there 
was no evidence to convict him. Is very penitent, has suffered long 
from confinement in irons, *'but otherwise well treated" &c. 

*This bears a good impression of the Seal of the County. Motto ** Pkre/aejugiUia,'* 


M. Livingston to John Edmondson Esqr. 1782. 

October 15th 
He finds he is entitled to a Grant of Land from the State, by Act of Fredericks- 

Asscmbl}*, having received a ** Lieutenant's Commission in the navy in ^^^ 

May 1778, and now stands on the List amongst the first." Desires his 

aid in securing the same. Mann Page Esq'r offers his services &c. 

R. Netherland to the Governor. October I6th 

Requesting him to deliver "the packett for Kentucky" and an order Powhatan 
on the Treasury for his Expenses on horseback to that country, to his 
father who waits on his Excellency for this this purpose — he should be 
as expeditious as possible. 

J. Ambler, Treasurer, to the Executive. October I6th 

Making Return of amount of "Specifics received at the Treasury by Treasury 
virtue of the Revenue Law, from the 6th to the 30th September 1782. ^®^® 

Tobacco 937 Hogshead. 
Transfer tobo. 146171 pounds. 
Flour 411 barrels. 

Hemp 15920i pounds. 

Capt: Wm. Cherry recommended to the Governor as Recruiting offl- October 16th 
cer for that County; behaving "entered into the service early in the Berkeley 
war and has always supported the character of a brave and good officer." County 
Signed by Adam Stephen, F. Keycs, Wm. Darke, Van Swearinger, Phil. 
Pendleton, Moses Hunter, Jno: Magill Mothers. 

Col: John Evans to Col: Wm. Davies. October I6th 

"I am under the needcessity of acquainting you in some measure in Monongalia 
What manner your Requisitions have been complied with, in our giting County 
the aid ordered for our defence** &c. The few men who had gone out 
were without provisions — "the frontiers are in a wavering condition and 
will undoubtedly break in the Spring if not timely aided'* &c. Col. 
Wilson the bearer, would give further particulars, as he was in command 
of the men sent, &c. 


ilW. ^'akt: H, Vol'5G to 

Hifhttffttifi tu tth4^4\U^ii4'v i(r orthrn^ rf.^Hfri'tnff the expenses of the Qaarter Master's 
fftn^fPfiit** of M^pftrtfrMvrif. i'or on*? yi^ar, Uy ^m *'mx thonftanrl Pounds" exclusive of the 
\l*f'» \h\i\ V,n]fi*U(\\{uri'n rtt fh« IVmt of Fork, and the cost of the "forage for the 

(>«<«i»ltr«f Irtifi li^vvU hurw<<ll v^^ri\\^im that Newman Brag^ served under him in 
M»»<»Mi»fi^ (^IniM'ONtor during the S(?i^e of York kv. 

Ojtlnhnr HMli huvid KosH ln(orinN the (iloverfior, of his having come to Hichmond to 

Hlt'liHioml htU'o H Notlhunoht of hJH *MransaetionH whilst in publick service/' and 

ro<|UOH(H him (o appoint persons to examine his accounts and report 

hinMUHlln^ly. lie had made considerahU^ advances to the State, and the 

slluiUhm t»r his private aHaii^s now required some reimbursement. 

tK^uW iTih DAVin Ross to thk Governor. 

Htohm^Mi^l llo vory Muetantly fools ohliiftni to trouble him again upon his pri- 
vato art\^h^— tho small amount of 50 llhds: James River Toba, and 150 
Uhds. Kappk. TobaoiM> jmid him by Mr. Hay, was not at all adequate to 
hts p^^vfcsiu«t ^vants. Ho should Ih> **i>xe<HHlin5[rly injured'* if he be not 
at ^\l^^H* t\uuJsbo^l with "itH> Hhds: Jas: River, and 250Hhds: Xorth'ud 
1V^^^^H^v;' \\\ ts\\\\\{\\\\\ \\> his \>lhor Claims^ he calls attention to a more 
«vo^ul v>«o <ixf C^tV^> advauoKHi R>r «^h'hK fK^ijjht *o. 

^iyM^:«i^ kV Mv^ i^fe ^1^0 ^^^^nIc 1\> r^lA *»>« *«x\>«ni <>f iW ^ v^JMio^ ne«mved from 
^4>i, ^N!ixvv S-^vA^ Mr T^y^ : A*l*m^ « y^^»^ <eiHie«Mk» <Nr eliancter. 

vwv^^^^^ ^^^^ SijjVs-^^iW Xw W >aN>^W *l5».> }'«»v^Kfc5»^ tW |«Mk. herf ai»d 

^•""^^^ "^^ li^'N'^Wt^^^ifr^ i>t> ;s¥i>- Hjwi»iJi5\>\ ^^ <ia>i^ Hn'^f^Wi ti*^ ^ ^l^c^ \^ i»de u^ Rn4k 

^mtiffh i«w^ l^i^w^si^l't -J>»*^ y<feTv^<iR*<»4 Ut^ -^witri^^ric^ rf i^^^or fom Cal: 

X^ ^iw^ ii^ i?i ^dt^iN^ ^ >in !f><^^^fi ^F^kitf^mni^, iSm^ ^ •« for Iwrf 
>^t>^ ^h^ \t(\'^^ 'H^'^njt >i»5^^*l?^ tniMHwi tis %\^ 55h«p>"ff^ Ste^rr^ jos Osrder 
AT, '\k^ /tUfkv^i ^*/^»ki vfiniirW >»^. t^ :jiKX r4iiv 4m>miva :w. Sr 3Vr»« Ar. 


Dudley Diqges to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

October 18th 
Returning by Jas. Prentis a warrant for Specie, useless to him, because King's Mill 

**not made chargeable to the fund appropriated to the Contingent 

Charges of Government" &c. 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Executive in Council. October I8th 

He had gotten from Col : Cropper, the Co. Lieutenant of Accomac, War Office 
when last in Richmond, a list of the cannon lying useless in that, and 
in Northampton County, (^ol : Corbin of Accomac had lent a 24 pounder, 
thirty-five muskets and 100 lbs: powder to a Maryland Barge, none of 
which had ever been returned. In addition to the waste ordnance on 
that shore, there were a great many damaged cannon in different parts Damaged 
of the State, which should be sold. This had already been done by the [i'^^Sf^/^V" 
Commercial Agent and the money appropriated to his Department, but 
in the present needy condition of the military Department, it would 
appear to be more appropriate that the proceeds of these sales should be 
applied to meet its wants; and more especially those of the Fredericks- 
burg Factory. 

S. Clark to Gov: Harrison. October 18th 


Yours by Maj. Walls came safe to hand the 30th July. Nothing Cove Spring 
could be more timely than the cloathing, for desertion was so common, ^'°c<>l" Co. 
that I believe in a month more there would not have been a soldier left. 
The works at the Falls was fowarded by every means in our power. Works at the 
until they were suppos'd sufficiently strong to withstand any attack ^*^^* ^^ ^***® 
from their Enemy but not yet compleat. 

Those preparations that were made and the measure taken to let the 
Enemy know that we were fully acquainted with their design (which in 
fact we were) I believe has saved the Western Country, by their losing Western 
all hopes of Reducing the falls, divided their force, sent some to Weel- ^*^!T^^ 
ing, and the main body to make a diversion on Fayette County. And 
had it not have been for that Imprudent affair at the blue licks, the 
country would have sustained very little damage. I learn Col: Logan 
has sent you a full acct. of the whole transaction. The Conduct of 
those unfortunate Gents was Extremely reprehensible. The Enemy con- 
tinue to sculk in small partys in different parts of the country but do Enemy still 
little damage at present. The movements of the Enemy last Spring '" ^^^ Coun- 
and Summer put it Entirely out of our Power to Establish the posts at 
the mouth of Kentucky, licking &c., they may be begun this fall. 



17B2. By ^fome Overtares from KsLAkoAksa the Cbicadaw nation is like to be 

OciotMT ISth on gfKid lenrnft with n». I encloi*e your Excellency, their mes!«age^ and 
Th^ Chfcft- my answer with father papemi which I hope you will aprove of. They 
S'lDWic* frtii ^'*"*^ ^^^^ JefTer^on for being the cau8e of the war between us, but its 
did noi lfk« notorious they had done a great deal of mijKrhief for two years before. 
***tf*Fon*^ and the building that i>OHt actually stopt a formidable Expedition 
^«fr«r9on Intended againfit the frontiers by them and their allien: My principal 
reason for sending f*apt. George to the nation, was to give the negocia- 
tion a greater appearance of solemnity, and probably Induce the Chica- 
ftaw« to Oblige the Cherokeen &e. to cea*ie hostillities, as the Chica-saws 
iff the most potent nation in that Quarter. 
ParcbsM of You will observe S'r my Instructions to Capt: Gjorge Respecting the 
th"T«mi«" purchase of the Iftnds in the bounds of Virginia, below the Tenesee 
MS KWsr River. From some hints I had from Mr. Bumy one of the messengers 
from the nation, I concoiv d this to be a most favourable opportunity to 
procure that tract of Country, if the Indians would part with it, which 
there was some probability of, as they dreaded us much, having con- 
tinual Reports among them of a large army which Intended to visit 
their towns, and would wish to be on good terms with us as soon as 
possible. Th(»' the >State, with propriety might claim the lands without 
their consent, it must cost an expencive treaty hereafter to get peaeible 
possession of it when the officers should want it. These were my 
Kndu<;ofnents: if your Excellency approve of the plan it would be 
necessary to send our Express Immediately to me with Instructions to 
Ratify the proceedings of ('apt: George, in case he should make the 
purchase, or make void all ho may do. I expect his* Return about the 
last of november with some Chiefs with him that may wish to git their 
business Immediately done in order to return home. I sometimes doubt 
that the sum I have Instrucled Capt: George to offer will bo too low a 
price to Engage it. But if their zeal for a piece should cor\tinue, per- 
Thi N. Wwt ^"^P" ^^ ^'^'^ ^^^' ^^^^ northwestward Indians have wholly Engaged in 
Indisni tho war against us, Except the peoncashacos, and those near the settle- 
ments on the Mississippi. Wo have lately thought of making a sudden 
attack on some of the Sluiwanees Town this fall, as Genl. Irwins Enter- 
prise gives a favourable Opportunity, but cannot assure you that it will 
take place but a great pi*obability. 

A Late stroke of your Excellency hath added greatly to tho strength 
of this Country, That of oixlering the delinquents of the Counties to do 
duty with tSe Regular troops in this Quarter; it will have most salu- 
tary Effects altho' few Examples may be made.** ♦ ♦ * ♦ ♦ **The 
works at tho fhlls was at the Expense of a considerable quantity* of 
flour, as wen^ Oblig\*d to make a tVind of it. The Gallee I had built 
answcroil the design Exccetlingly, and hath been of Infinite service. 
Our circumstances would not admit of her being as Compleat as I could 
have wished, but t hope to have her so this fall. I have discovered that 
open small boats will by no means answer the purpose of Cniising on 

«tnKitk«L «f lix- ^^mlK*. m-iwfl* t»<miiib *i^ Tfe^w 1^ KwTM v^wv^i^ >k^^^ 1^'*^ V**r«i 

Reporting by order, that Ool: John TVhW $t^y>i) Olwirj^fsl \%i^ ih^N H^^vl^ik Ah^K^V 
of that oflSoe, with £10246.13 dmwn at di^w^U jh^H^>^I?i Wl\x^t>^l\ t>ws ^^^ 
1778 and April 5, 178± 

Col: D. Pishkr w » KV^\\s\m i^lH 

Transmitting return of his o|H>nition8 umior thi> Aot of Ma^v ITMtt \W Ui^^HVlll^ 
recruiting the Continental anny — no nu>n> nion iu thut Couhly* hwi \^^^ ^ ' 
bad collected the several sums of moui^^y duo ti\u\\ tho N^^v^ml (^UmimIi 
exclusive of exempts &c. 

Genl: Geo: Rouekb Clarke to ih\,\ \Vm. Da VIM. niihittiic tMfh 


I had the pleasure of Koeeiving your liUttnrM hy Mi^'r WhIIm HMil IiIhhmIh 
Mr. Karney the 30th of July pant, at whii'li titno (Jim ^mmU wt'l'lVMij i^,^^Tliiilum 
with the scores all safe, Hurmountitig unmitnmoti dlUhMilMnM. Tlmy JMMf/ 
arriv'd in time to save what few troopM wan r<jmalrilii/(, Tor HmwiO'IImm Wtt« 
80 common and Impossible to prevent titat t b(<IUiVM In a liiw WM»<ltM 
more scarcely any would have been left. I hav<f iirMlimvour'd aw tUl* a«i 
in my power to comply with the or(Uu*n of (iov<trMMMO)t, iUai i^im 
Enclos'd to me (see the Knch>HM) I Cfould hav« wl^h^d <o im \irttn$4Ui 
at the meeting of the officem you m«;ntiorrd. I hav« r«^it)vMd Uiii a 

faint information of their R<;|K>rt. An i'or dinttipaUorf and ' prt4 

vailing in Col: Slaught^Kfi Corn?, Jlow«rr#fr i$f(rtmniti$f mit'U cowiwi w\t(h^^ 
have been to thdr wrntirn'^ntu I Mt^fVft ib^y mUiom Un^t ib« imntm )u 
their power. f€fT thej' w#^r«? f(4t$$eruUy \ti a niMr^Utf( tiiiUHiUfft (UAh 
Slaughter soffenng hi«i y^rn^tfU Ut \t^, H\^i\f'n\'ti Sty iU*^ \uUnUUnuiM ttt 
the town Ocea«</o'd div/rd^rr ari»//ri^ i\mwh4Am. HfdhU^n w*mM V/n^iH^ 
him on lbi« f^/int bat hU di«?(»^ridiiw<^ ^m «w^b u t^ ^4 ft^^ptn pff ^#^y 
thins: he •rfjitM z*\ Iff *uM^K *t9i. hn Pff ii**( ^f^pfUfif //f iU^^f f^^^Y'fHji 
half pay. I ^0%\d «i^ t^A u, StK %%m in^^H. ^^mf Hf^/mmmH^j^H^ 
Sir. Eis^t0tikmg iW jprma <»r)«r ^4 M^/f^ ^4M k'ttt^itfH ¥/U<*i^HH |j6^. 


1782. I flatter myself there will be no want of Care. Id a department where 
October 19th business hath been as Various and Extensive as this hath, there can be 
no Doubt of many Errors being committed, many hath been detected. 
But by Report I believe there is more noise made about it than is neces- 
sary, principally originating from the little men that is sometimes 
sent to government from this quarter. Jealous of their importance, 
Embrace that declamatory principal so very agreeable to such bodies, 
suposing by striking at the principal character of their Countiy, that 
Strangers will View them as men of consequence. The Credit that is 
given to such characters near the helm of affairs, I can assure you S'r 
hurts the Interest of the State greatly. The expences in this depart- 
ment hath been considerable, but had it not been for them and the con- 
sequential service, we should have been obliged before this to have spent 
five times as much in defence of our frontiers, and Except some Expences 
that have proved unnecessaiy, as a citizen, I am satisfied with the pro- 
priety of the whole. 

Accounts have been long prepared for settlement, but I doubt the 
arrival of auditors. I have examin'd nearly the whole, acd Expect to 
finish the Remainder on my Return to Fort l^elson. I make no doubt 
but you have Receiv'd a full account of the unfortunate defeat of Colo's 
Todd and Trigg. The Country has suffered considerably, but there is a 
probability of Recovering theii»lost spirits. It was exceedingly fortu- 
nate that such preparation was made, as mention 'd to you in my last. 
Otherways the Country would have unavoidably been lost. The plan 
of an Expedition against the Shawanees is now on foot, and I believe 
will take place. If it should fall through the Country will be in a very 
critical situation, Except Genl: Irwin should prove successful, as the 
Enemy are so Elated they will use violent Exertions. 

I have the Honour to be, with greatest Esteem, 
Sir, your devoted Humble Servt." 

October 19th List of white and black people in that County at this date — viz. 392 

New Kent white, and 819 black, taken by Burwell Bassett. 

October 19th Jno: Robkrtson, to 


Louisa Co. Returning estimate of Military expenses of his Department for one 
year, at ten pence pr: Ration, at £7604: 3: 4. exclusive of the extra 
expenses consequent upon an invasion; and desiring instructions as to 
whether transportation, house rent, and pay of assistants are to bo 
included in the estimate, in as much as he had taken these latter ^^ upon 
himself/' &c. 


Capt: Thos: Bowyer to Hon: Saml: Mathews. 1782. 

October 19th 
Assuring him of his inability to purchase provisions except for cash ; Staunton 

the contract at 7i d. pr. ration could not therefore be executed. The 

recruiting OflScei's in Rockbridge & Botetourt had drafted but one, and 

enlinted five Soldiers; but in his own District there would be a good 

many men. If the County Officer did their duty, many furlough men 

and deserters would be sent in to him &c. 

Major R. Claiborne to Col: Davies. October 19th.- 

Requesting him to procure his Commission for him as soon as Con- Richmond 
venient, as he desires to have it in his possession. 

Maj. Ro: Forsyth, D. Com: Southern Army, to the Governor op October 20th 


Requesting that the Pay of Capt: James Culbertson may be retained Camp Ashby 
by the Treasurer, to the amount of "Three hundred and Thirty" odd 
pounds. Specie; he having failed to account for advances made to him 
by Mr. Tate, to this amount, for the purchase of provisions in Albemarle 
Co. Virg'a. 

Thos. M. Randolph to the Governor. October 20th 

** Dear Sir 

At your request, I have viewed, examined and measured a Price of a 
Sorril Gelding belonging to General Scott. I find him to be upwards of ^^^^f *c., 
Fifteen hands high, Four yeai*s old last spring, clear of any blemish, 
and I believe perfectly sound, and in my opinion taking every circum- 
stance into consideration, the General ought to be allowed the price of 
one hundred and Seventy Five pounds for him. 

I am Sir, with the utmost respect, Ac, 

Your most obt. humbl. Servt. &c." 


1782. The Chevl. D'Anmours, Consul Genl: op France to the Governor 

October 24th OP VIRGINIA. 

Baltimore Asking for authority to recover a large number of French Doserters, 

Arrest of said to be residing at Broadway, Petersburg, Norfolk, Portsmouth, 

Deserleri in Brampton, York, Fredericksburg and Alexandria. The necessity of 

Virginia forming a crew for His Majesty's Frigate Guadaiope, and completing 

that of the Romulus, both then in the Bay had caused this action on 

his part; and he takes the liberty to suggest that a Proclamation from 

the Executive might have the same weight in effecting in Virginia, what 

had lately been done in Pensylvanla by the Governor of that State, on 

the same subject. 

October 2l8t L. WoOD JnR., SoL: TO THE GOVERNOR. 

Solicitor's In regard to the necessity of enfo.rcing the Law requiring Naval 
Office Officers, on pain of forfeiture of half their Commissions, to make official 
reports once in three months, of receipts of revenue at their Stations 

October 2l8t Henry Skipwith to Gro\: Harrison. 

Cumberland In behalf of Stephen Allen, condemned to death for horse-stealing. 
Plor-du- Having been neighbor to him for seven years, until ho removed to 
Monde. Halifax Co., he could testify to his having borne the character of an 
honest man, until he "fell in with bad Company" &c. — "who had urged 
him, it is beleived to his first and capital offence." "If the multiplied 
felonies of this country have not induced the Executive to shut the door 
of mercy on the wretched authoi*s &c.," he begs leave to intercede for 
this man. 

October 2l8t CoL: Jno Mapp to Gov: Harrison. 

North- A Brig loaded with wine bound to New York & belonging to the 

ampton Co. E^emy, having gone ashore near Hog Island, most of the crew, the 

Vessel Captain and mate had given themselves up and were then in his posses- 

Ho^^Isfand ®^^"' ^® thinks this a good opportunity to secure the exchange of 

& captives "Capt. Pitts of the Militia whose activity is hardly to be equaPd," and 

"**^® others, then prisoners at New York, and for this purpose requests that a 

Flag vessel be furnished by the State, or that the people of that county 

be permitted to hire one, to be under a Proper Officer appointed by the 


On the 29th Oct: Gov: Harrison, endorses the above, with an order to 
the Commissioner of War, to carry out the wishes expressed therein, 
and "to endeavour to have effected immediately" the Exchange of 
Capt: Pitt*. 


Act abolishing the Offices of Commissioner of War, and Commercial 1782. 
Agent, and Commissioner of the Navy, and requiring the duties of said October 2l8t 
offices to be performed in future by the Executive, or by such officei-s as General 
the Governor and Council may direct. All books, papers, accounts & ^^^"^^^7 
vouchers of the said offices to be forthwith delivered up, with all public Abolition^ of 
Property, to the Gov: & Council. 

certain offices 

Wm. Hay, Commercial Agent to Gov: Harrison. October 2]8t 

The Commissioners appointed by the Executive to settle the accounts Richmond 
of his Predecessor, Mr. David Ross, had that day met at his office; he 
therefore requests that they be empowered to include his own trans- 
actions with the State, in the proposed settlement. His private affairs Mr. Hay re- 
would not longer permit him to continue "in the Affoncy of the Public signs his 

® '^ e> ^ commission 

business," and he therefore begs leave to resign" his Commission. In as C. Agent 

so doing he adds, "Permit me Sir, to return you my warmest acknowl- 
edgements for your polite behaviour to me & the support you have 
afforded me during my continuance in office." 

Price & Hay ward's account against State of Virginia. October 2l8t 

Geo: Rogers Clark to Gov: Harrison of Va. October 22d 


Since writing the letters that accompany this, I find the Inhabitants Cave-Spring 
extremely anxious for an Expedition, it is plan'd and the rendezvous *"^Kv 
appointed at the mouth of Licking the first day of November, I expect 
about one thousand men. If it is attended with success, I make no 
doubt but it will save the Effusion of much blood the ensuing year. If 
Genl. Irwin should carry his point at Sandusky, and the Shawanees get 
defeated, it will have a valuable Impression on the more westwardly 
Indians. I shall embrace the first opportunity on my return, if trans- 
mitting an Account of our Enterprise to you. 

The following is a Request I make to your Excellency, which is to be 
relieved from this department, my Reasons for such Requisition must 
be obvious to you and so Reasonable that I hope it will meet with your 
approbation. I shall be carefull to arrange business so as to promise 
advantage in full confidence of your permit. 

I have toe Honour to be, with esteem 

Yr: Excellency's Devoted & H'ble Servt." 


1782. *lKVE!fTORY OP Goods os Hand is the Cask of Wm. Hay, Com'l 

October 22d \6EXT 


October 22d f*' William Sidney Crawford late Student of the Law present't his 
Richmond com piemen t8 to bis Excellency the Governor and Council, and prays 

Wm. Sidney that he may be referred to such Gentlemen of the Law as may report 
v^^iu^tn ^^ ^^^ qualifications necessary to be known previous to the practice at 

practice Law the bar." 

October 22d JoHN Webb, ''Clothier k Payma.«ter to the Yir^nia Navy" to the 


New Cftftile Enclosing Account of Certain Merchants against him as Agent, for 
purchases made Ac., and praying for a warrant upon the Treasurer for 
a sufficient amount of Tobacco to pay the same, else he should be sued, 
and his "private property converted to the public uses." 

October 22d Jos: JoNES & James Madison, Jnr: TO Gov: Harrison. 

Philadelphia Enclosing certain papers from Mr. Adams at the Hague Aug: 18tb« 
1782, and just received by a vessel at Boston. Copy of the Plenipotin- 
tiary Commission issued to Mr. Fitzherbert by the British King. Mr. 
Adams gives nothing new further than the appointment of a Minister 
Plenipotentiary by the States General, who was about to set out for 
Paris — Certain resolutions of Congress — ^Memorial from one Simon 
Nathan, to the Executive of Va., pra3'ing for relief, for large amounts 
advanced to Cols: Clarke & Todd, which had been approved by Gov: 
Jefferson & Council &c. 

October 23d Isaac Youngbusband Justice of the Peace, certifies that George Wood- 
Henrico son has appeared and sworn before him, that be had not attended the 
"Hon'ble Gejil: Court as a Grand Jury man in Oct. 1781 "because he 
was never summoned.'' 

*A Tery long list of articles, comprising such as were most appropriate to the 
wants of the MiliUiry. Valuable only because it preserves the names and descriptions 
of g(>4>dt now unknown, and prices of the same. 

fin reply to the above the Governor requested Edmund Randolph, Jerman Baker, 
and Henry Tuzewell Esqrs, '*or any two of them 'Vto examine the Petitioner '* touch- 
ing his abilities to practice the law & make report to the Executive." Messrs: Tazewell 
and Baker, on Oct: 26th, certify "that Mr. Crawford is qualified to practice as an 

X This alone is preserved. 


Col: Dayies to the Goyernob. 1782. 

October 28d 
Enquiring whether recruiting officers were to be furnished with rations War Office 

& forage as they claimed? By advices from Cols: Cameron & Newton 
he finds there is no prospect of furnishing supplies for the places of ren- 
dezvous for recruits. In view of the great inconveniencies experienced, 
Cols: Carter and Mountjoy had requested that recruits be entrusted to 
proper officers, and sent at once in small squads to the Greneral Ben- 

Col: Dayies to the Gtoyernor. October 2dd 

Kequesting instructions as to how many days supplies should be fur- War Office 
nished to Genl : Spotswood's Legions soon to meet. 

RoBT. Morris to the 6oy: of Virginia. October 28d 

The Governor of Virginia having signified his consent that certain Office of 
military supplies in France belonging to Virginia might be appropriated ™io*oc« 
by Congress to the use of the U. States, Mr. Morris informs the Gov: of 
Virginia, that Mr. Barcklay the Agent in France had been instructed to 
ship them accordingly &c. 

General Nath'l Greene to Gov: Harrison. October 24th 


Your letters of the 30th Aug'st and 27th of September, I have had Head 
the honor to receive, the last came to hand this day. I observe the law Ajil^ River 
of the State enclosed in your letter of the 30th August is as well calcu- 
lated to bring men into the field as anything of the kind would be, but 
often more depends on the execution of a law than the formation. It in regard to 
was by no means my intention to charge the state with adopting a pol- ***® proper 
icy to save appearance, more than with a view of filling its regiments. a law 
I only meant to remark that this had been the effect of those laws, but 
too generally from the difficulty of executing them. 

That Virginia has been prodigal of her blood, and of her treasure is Virginia 
generally agreed, but until lately it is thought by some of her best k^'^wlSd A^ 
friends, her policy has not been well directed. It was for this reason I Finances 
took the liberty to give you my sentiment upon calling out so large a 
body of militia for so inconsiderable an object as that of protecting York, 
appeared to me at the time I wrote. By your letter I find I had wholly 
mistaken the matter, both as to the object, and at whose instance they 
were called into the field. I have only to observe my motives were 
friendly, and I hope my zeal will apologize for my mistake. It affords 




1782. me the highest satisfaction to hear, Mr. Morris' notes are in such demand 
October 24th with you, as I consider the business of finance the first object of the 
FinancM consideration of the United States, and their establishment inseparably 
connected with it. 

When I wrote to Col: Davis (Davies) respecting the appointments 
that Col: White had made, I was told the only difficulty in obtaining a 
confirmation of their appointment was my not having signified my 
wishes to the Governor of this State on the subject, and that the State 
Ck)lo. would confirm nothing at the instance of Colo. White. I also was told 

Doi^-^**^* the appointments had been made by and with the approbation of the 
mento Marquis during his command in Virginia, and that the appointments 
were judicious. From these considerations I wrote Col: Davis on the 
subject in general terms, not doubting but that Col: White had confined 
his appointments to such limitations, as appeared to be consistent with 
a just economy and the constitution of his regiment. This not being 
the case, I can do nothing in the matter until I am better informed. I 
wish your Excellency therefore to let the matter rest until you hear 
further from me, or something more conclusive is done by the Minister 
Thanks, &c of War on the subject. I thank you for your flattering confidence and 
obliging disposition expressed on this business, in your last letter, and 
beg leave to assure you it shall always be my study to merit a continua- 
tion of both. 
Poaitioo of The Enemy still hold Charlestown, but it is expected they will be 
the £nemy g^^^ j^j ^ fortnight or less. Great part of your troops under Colo. Pose}' 
are on their march for Virginia. ' I sent home all those who were not 
for the war, and directed them to the place of general rendezvous, there 
to be discharged by General Muhlenburgh. I adopted this mode, in 
preference to discharging them as their time of service expired, that 
the State might have it in its power to try to reinlist them, as Colo. 
Davis advised to, but to make the attempt here, and to try to obtain 
money of the State for the purpose. But I thought sending them home 
would be the most probable mode of giving success to the attempt. 
I am with due respect and great esteem, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble Servant 


October 24th Capt: John Pbyob to Col: Wm. Davies. 

Richmond He had been officially notified of the '^ reduction of his late depart- 

Capt. John ment" by the Governor, in "a very polite letter," before the receipt of 

^^irco^^^^^^ enclosing "the resolve of Council." The step meets "his hearty 

Genl: of acquiescence," and ho should at once lay before him a state of his trans- 

Stores^ actions, and all other information necessary. Eequests a warrant for 

abolished the amount of the expenses necessary upon his constant attendance at 

Bichmond in this business &c. 



Chas. Dick to Col: Da vies. 1782. 

October 24th 

In accordance with his wishes, enclosing '^Estimate of the Expences Fredericks- 
of the Factory for one year'* &c. viz — '^ 

The master workman £125 
The mill place & Houses " 68 
Repairing Do. " 10 
Three common negroes to cook, bake ) " 45 
fetch water, go to mill &c. ) " 50 
Firewood £298. 

20 workmen at £6. 10. pr: mo: 
10 Do. **3. 5. Do. 

Provisions for the above 

£1560. pr: annum. 



"Salt Provsions need but be laid in for 8 months, as there is no want 
of fresh Beef 4 months in the yeai* — no liquor allowed" 

as a stock to 
work upon 

8000 feet 2i Inch walnut Plank for G. Stocks 
2000 Bush : Coal 
a Ton of Iron 
500 lbs: Steel 






Bxpenses of 
the Factory 
at Freder- 
icksburg for 
one year 

The above is all he can think of and hopes it will be satisfactory. 
His last letter, just acknowledged as received, had been sent a month 
before, and he adds "I find it went by a maccaroni and shall never trou- Maccaroni 
ble such creatures again but to catch butterflys." Desires clothing for 
the workmen "as the winter is coming on," and the arrears for the years 
1781 and 1782 settled up. In addition to these, the expences incident 
to the Iron & steel supplied by Mr. Hunter; to procuring plank, coal, 
firewood &c., the wagoning the "movable articles from the Factory to a 
secure place on Cornwallis* & Tarltons near approach" &c., were not yet CornwalliaA 
paid. All this had been accomplished, only by confidence reposed in 
him, and he trusts the Executive will do all to maintain it. 

Having received no pay for his own services for more than two years, 
he would forbear mentioning himself, and adds as "it is a delicacy I 
would choose to avoid, would you be pleased to take the Trouble of it?" 




1782. Ihdian Talk. 

October 24Ui 

CbiekAMw At a council held at the Chickasaw nation on the 24th Day of Oct: 
NftUon J7g2 — 

By Capt: Robert George -\ Piamattihaw 

and > and Pighmingo. 

James Sherlock, Interpreter ) Uingoharaah. 

Cham bean. 

The Red King and Several 
Other Sachims and War- 

We are happy to Assemble this day and smoke together in the 
true sense of Friendship, glad that you have cast off that austere, con- 
tentious Disposition, which hath long invited your young men to out- 
rageous proceedings, and listen to the friendly proposeals of your 
Brothers who are here present. Brothers we are sent to speak to You 
on these four Strings of Wampum from our Great Warrier Genl: Clark, 
whom you Call your beloved man. Brothers I am glad to hear you 
request Peace. We are Americans free and Generous to receive our 
friends when we know them and their foundations. As for my part I 
hold peace in the one Hand and war in the other, but am desirous to 
receive any friendly persons in friendship than hold them in contempt, 
the Americans never made it a practice of purchasing friendship as the 
English has hitherto accustomed, because they are Sensible that bought 
friendship is corrupted with Treachery, as plainly is seen by the differ- 
ent nations of red people to the northward who hath with the greatest 
zeal and assiduity sought for the Succour of the Americans when too 

Brothers I am Sensible that you are unacquainted with the founda- 
tions of this War, a part of which I do hero lay before you. the Eng- 
lish and the Americans even as one family, but the English grew proud 
and thought themselves our superiourei*s. that we should to deprived 
of our Liberties and rights and like servile slaves, support them with 
our Labour, but our spirits would not admit us to Condescend to such 
Impositions — in opposition to their Tyrannical proceedings we took 
arms in defence of ourselves. 

Brothers, you know that we furnished the several nations with manu- 
factures before the war began and are able to furnish the Same to this 
day and I hope Ever will be to Those who are true friend to the Ameri- 
cans — and those that choose to hold us in contempt, we will as fondly 
fbrnish them with powder and Ball to the Destruction of their men, 
women and children. 

Brothers, I have one more circumstance to lay before you. The French, 
the Spaniards & the Americans are as one family, and this family com- 


prebends the hole of America — ^in consequence of which the British can 1782. 

hold but small share of America, but I do not mean to flatter you as October 24th 

the Events of which you may see around you among the Northern 

nations of red people. 

Six Strings of Wampum. 

Brothers, what I have said to you is from my Heart — this paper that 

I now deliver to you contains the Substance of my business, it is the 

Talk from the beloved man in consequence of the one you sent to him, 

in reading that yon read his Heart, all the Nations are Witnesses that he 

always Speaks the Truth as the Sky is now clear. I hope — I hope that 

peace and Amity will imediately take Place, that you send him an 

answer that may further convince him that he need not look any more 

with a bloody Eye towards this Land. The winter is near at hand & I 

have a great way home. I hope to receive your answer as soon as 


I am your Brother, 

iln the presence of Capt: 
Kobt. George and James Sha- 
lock, Indian Interpreters. 

Answer from Piamathihaw, Mtnohomah, Piamingo, Chambeau, the Red 
King and Several other Sachams and Warriers. 


We received your Talk and the speech of the beloved man 
and are happy to think the Sky is Clear and mount the throne of Peace 
and Unity and Smoke together in the Countenance of true Brother- 
hood. We have had this long time a Desire to take hold of our beloved 
man by the hand & make our case known to him, that we were con- 
strained by the Council of bad people to hold our beloved man in con- 
tempt, but our wisdom hath taught us to the contrary. The English 
put the Bloody Tomahawk into our hands, telling us that we should 
have no Goods if we did not Exert ourselves to the greatest point of 
Resentment against you, but now we find our mistake and Distresses. 
The English have done their utmost and leil us in our adversity. We 
find them full of Deceit and Dissimulation and our women & children are 
crying out for peace, from their move we were daily Expecting to be 
destroyed by him, but have found an expected mercy from his hand, 
but this speech gives us pleasure and chears the heart of all our warriers, 
and now Brothers let us light the old Council Fire and Smok together, 
let us bury the bones of our slain on both Bides and forgett all. let us 
think on the old Friendship that ware formerly Between us and the 
Americans our Brothers. Let the Roads and water couraes be open clear 
and sincear friendship be planted. Whenever we meet Brothera, we 
shall endeavour to confirm our brothers the red people of our acquaint- 
ance to the same Sentiments. 



1782. Brothers, We perceive your nneasiness of Delay but we will Smoke 

October 24th together before we part. We are poor and destitute having no wealth 
to give you in return, but in sincerity do join Hand and Heart in the 
true Bands of friendship, hoping that You will Excuse our poverty as 
our hearts are open to unity, never to violate our Friendship whilst grass 
doth grow and the water doth run, and always when we meet to eat out 
of one dish and one Spoon & Smoke out of one pipe, and am in hopes 
you will convince the beloved man, of our Sincerity, how his good talk 
hath regained our people and that as soon as the Spring advances we 
shall Send a Sachem and Warriors to see him and further convince him 
of our sincerity, as well as to speak on other Business. 

We are your friends & Brothers, 





the Red King and several other 

Sacharas and Warriers 

with Women and Children. 

October 24th 

Colo. Joseph Crockett to Gov: Harrison op Va. 




I received your Excellency's letter of the 16th Instant, the purport 
of which I am at a loss to answer so clearly as I could wish, as for 
Cirenl: Clark's conduct, last campaign whilst I had the Aonor to serve 
under his com'd (as touching his military character) I cannot think he 
is deserving censure, his greatest misfortune & loss of useful! operations 
of the campaign, was the want of men, altho' the Genl: strain'd every 
nerve in his power, to raise a sufficient number to penetrate into the heart 
of the Enemy's Country, and was assisted by a small number of good 
men, to complete his Laudable design, it appeared to me to be out of 
the power of any human Existance to cause a sufficient number to 
Enter the field, or subject those few that were already there to good order. 
the Genl: often told them of the evils that has already befell them, if 
that campaign miscarried. One place of General Eendezvous was Wheel- 
ing, where the genl: expected to be joined with a thousand militia from 
the Counties over the mountains: outot which two hundred '&fiA>y only 
joined, and the half of them deserted after drawing a quantity of arms. 
Blankets, Leggins, shirts Ac. &c. — the greatest part of those that did 
not desert, threatened mutiny for Several days, nor was this all the 
GenPs disappointment, there was a certain Quota of men to be sent him 
from the Counties of Berkeley, Frederick & Hampshire, of which he 
never received one. 


I know the Genl : is much censured in the neighbourhood of Fort Pitt, 1782. 
Fort Pitt, for the Loss of Colo. Langherry's party, for whom he waited October 24th 
^ve days at Wheeling: disappointments being so frequent, he lost all 
hopes of his coming, and moved down the Eiver. the Colo, coming to 
Wheeling the next day, sent a boat after, with a Letter to the Genl: 
that he would be glad If he would wait for him, as he had One hundred 
& thirty men without provisions, the Genl: sent a small boat with ten 
Keggs of Flour, and wrote the Colo, he would leave Boats enough at a 
certain Island under a small guard, for the reception of his men, with a 
quantity of Flour, Ammunition &c. — ^to prevent desertion, he would move 
slowly down the river, the unhappy Colo, without proper caution, 
Landed his men at the mouth of the Maamma, at which place was a 
large number of Indians, who destroyed the whole of the Colo's party. 
The Genl: purchased of Mr. Gibson, at Fort Pitt, a considerable Quantity 
of goods, Liquorers, Sugar, Coffee, Tea &c., which the officers in general 
accuse him of making a very unequal distribution. 

It was thought there was one more instance in which General Clark 
derogated much from the Importance of his trust, there was a Mr. 
EUett who traded to New Orleans with 5000 wt. Flour, ho stored his 
flour at a Mr. Newel's, who lived at a place caPd the new Store on the 
Monongalia. Said Newel took the Flour in his care, who was also 
employed by the purchasing Commissary to receive public Flour: Mr. 
Ellett took the opportunity of going down the river with the Genl: — 
when we came to the Falls of Ohio, the river being very low, Ellett 
was under the necessity of unloading his boat to descend the Falls, and 
carry his flour over the falls in small Crafts: he unloaded near the place 
where the public flower was landed (of which we had a large Quantityy 
near 4,000 Keggs). 1 saw Mr. Ellet taking flower from the Bulk of the 
public. I asked him how he came so to do. his answer was "don't you 
think that damn'd old Newell at the new store, has misplaced sixty 
Keggs of my superfine flower, and I must take sixty of your Corse." I 
immediately informed the Commissary, his answer was "the Gen'l knows 
it." I asked Mr. Ellett what mark his keggs had. he told me all his 
was manufactured at William Henshaws mill, and the Barrels was 
Branded with the two first Letters of his name. Some few days afler 
this Mr. Ellett sail'd down the River, there was a Mr. Randolph who 
came down the River with us & who had formerly transacted business 
for Genl : Clark to the westward. I never heard him mention going 
with Ellett untill the morning he set sail and then went on Bord Ellett's 

Boat — this aifair gave every man reason to suspect . The Genl : 

some few days afterwards Issued an order for the whole of the flower 
to be sift^ and Repacked (as it had received damage coming down the 
River). 1 told the Sergeant & several of the soldiers who were appointed 
for that duty, that I v.ould give them a treat, if they would let me know 

where they found a kegg Branded W. H. contained finer flower 

than the rest, I wanted to draw for my own use. I enquired fre- 


1782. quentlj of them. But they told me they ooold find none Such. I was 
October 24th present when Mr. Ellett Loaded his Boat at the new Store. I heard of 
no flower being missing or misplaced nor never heard it mentioned going 
down the river. 

I have the Honor to be your 

Excellency's most obt. Servt. 

October 26th CoL: Wm. DayIKS TO THE GrOVXRNOB. 

War Office In reply, ^Hhat he had had no other information respecting the breach 
of the peace by Capt: Roan, than the letter from the Magistrates of 
Williamsburg." Col: Dabney tells him, there had been a Court Martial 
held for the trial of Capt Roan. It appeared to him the object of this 
Roftfi for Court, was not to try Roan for beating Baxter, but for resisting the 
Baxter ^'^^^ authority, and the Magistrates conceive their representations to 
the Executive in the latter case, '^as ground for a decision against him." 

October 26th Capt: John Pbyob to Col: Davies. 

Richmond Mr. King had at last, accounted for the powder and other stores in 
his charge, &c. 

October 26th CoL: RoB CowPBB, TO CoL: Da VIES. 

Elizabeth Applying for fourteen blank Commissions for Militia Officers in that 
^'^^^^- County &c. 

October 26th Capt: John Pryor to J. R. Davies. ^ 

Richmond Enclosing " return " of Ordnance Stores belonging to the State. Could 
not send it sooner on account of the neglect on the part of the officer in 
charge of the Magazine at Westbam, whose conduct should be enquired 
into. Proper carry-logs and a sufficient force were necessary to remove 
the cannon referred to by him, &c. 

October 26th CoL: RoE CowPER TO 

Elizabeth Enclosing "return" of Militia of that County, and asking for *^forty 
^*^y ^- stand more of arms," which the militia would willingly pay for. 


"At a General Court held at the Courthouse in the City of Richmond 1782. 
the 26th day of October 1782— October 26th 

The following Criminals were sentenced to be hanged by the Shorif Richmond 
of Henrico County, on the 29tb day of November next, for the Crimes 
set against their names, to-wit: 

Maurice Wheeler, late of the County of Lancaster, for Murder. 
Albridgton Holland, late of the County of Nansemond, for Treason. 
Levy Moore, late of the same County, " Treason. 

John Holland, late of the same County, " Treason. 

Demsey Butler, late of the same County, " Treason. 

Henry Norfleat, late of the same County, " Treason. 

Robt. Hudgings, late of Dinwiddie Co., " Horse-stealing. 

William Gordon, late of Mecklenburg Co. " Horse-stealing. 

Benj : Cot h ran, late of Bedford Co. " Horse-stealing. 

Stephen Allen, late of Halifax Co. " Horsestealing. 



Col : Wm. Davies enclosing to the Governor, account of money received October 26th 
by Capt: Young fi*om the Specific tax for military purposes, but other- War Office 
wise appropriated by him, owing to the necessities of his Department. 

Pat: Lockart to Col: Wm. Davies. October 28th 

In regard to the irregularities of Mr. Baker, in charge of the collec- Botetourt 
tion of provisions for the support of the militia of Washington Co: he ^' 
having "suppressed" a letter to Col: Campbell containing instructions 
on this head; had made false returns; retained money due from him to 
the state, and had failed to render a settlement of his accounts, before 
his departure for Kentucky and Cumberland. 

Col: Wm. Davies, enclosing to the Executive, "the proceedings* of October 28th 
the Court martial upon Col: Hickman." War Office 

"We have examined Mr. S. Roan agreable to the reference made to us Spencer 
by the Executive, and give it as our opinion to them, that he is qualified « ^ ^ 
to practice as an Attorney. practice law 


* Not found. 



1782. Capt: Christ: Roane informs the Governor, of the arrival of a "Flag" 

October 29th vessel, with British officers on board, from Charlestown : She had gone 
York TowB ashore, and had much water in her hold, in consequence of which they 
had been allowed to come ashore, and await his ordera &c. 

October 29th Major R. Claiborne to Col: Wm. Da vies. 

Ricbmond Claiming his rank, under the ** warrant given by Major Genl: Baron 
Steuben'' while Commander in chief in Virginia, and the Commission 
with his "signature from the War Office," both of which were then in 
his possession. 

October 29tb Thos. Jett TO CoL: Davies. 


Enclosing return of his Collections in his District; and complaining 
of the great difficulty in procuring settlements from the Agents, in King 
George, Richmond and other Counties. 

October 29th Milton Ford's Account against the State of Virginia for building, and 
other work done at "Point of Fork." 

October 29th Marck, Nephew & Go's claim against the State of Virginia &c. 

October 80th Col: Davies informs the Governor, that "the cavalry of the Legion 
War Office are entirely without forage" and would perish unless money be fur- 
nished, to buy it, as the "specifics in that quarter were exhausted." 

October 80th CoL: JosEPH HoLMEs TO CoL: Davies. 

Winchester Giving return of operations in collecting the specific tax in his Dis- 
trict. Great difficulty experienced in getting those from Berkeley & 
Frederick Counties. Genl : Stephens, one of the members fi*om Berkely 
. could explain the difficulty. The wheat on hand for several months 
could not be ground on account of the Mills being idle for want of water. 


Rich'd Yarborough reports his inability to procure beef in that county; 1782. 

and proposes in lieu thereof, that the value of the beeves be collected October 80th 

from the people in money; this he thinks they will not refuse to pay. Dinwiddle 


Col: Davies enclosing to the Governor, an Extract from a letter from October Slat 
Genl: Scott of the 28th Oct: C. old C. House urging the necessity of War Office 
raising money with which to reinlist the men from the Southern Army, 
who would bo in Virginia in a few days. He is extremely anxious 
about this matter, and thinks them "worth attention." 

Jno: Banks to Mr. James Hunter, Richmond. October — 

He had written the day before by Col: Baylor, who had just left for Head 
Virginia. Through the influence "of friends in Charlestown," te had Q^p ^lil,y 
been allowed to pass at will between that town and Genl: Greene's Hill 
Camp. Was about to dispatch the Brig Bachelor to Richmond with 
3000 Bushels of Turk's Island Salt — adds "I find General Greene an Genl : Green 
exceeding agreeable man & from hints di*opt already expect his pro- jnterested^ln 
posals for an Interest in a House we may establish in Chariestown." a Merchan- 

He refers vaguely to certain other plans "hinted at by Col: Baylor, ^"*® 

as not yet ripe &c., adds in post script, "I have not a Design to Specu- 
late in a Rice Swamp as many of my County men are doing." 

List of delinquent "Naval Officers" (Post Collectors) liable to punish- October — 
ment, under Act of Assembly, of Session of Nov: 1781, &c. 
Beverley Dicksons Esqr., N. O. Upper District, James River. 

Jacob Wray 



Lower District, James River. 

Hudson Muse 





Abraham Archer 






Wm. Gibb 





Chas: Lee 





John King 




Bliz: River 

Thos: Parsons 





Christ: Calvert 




South Quay, &c., &c. 


.1782. "*" Memorandum of Transfer Tobacco, received at the Treasury in 

lloyember November 1782. 


209.445 pounds 


103.011 " 

James River 

33.441 " 

York River 

22.573 " 

Black Water 

6.710 ** 

Eastern Shore 

94.000 « 


Kovem. let P. Carrington, B. Dandridge, Pet'r Lyons and Jas; Mercer enclosing 
Richmond to the Executive a list of condemned criminals; and recommending the 
pardon of Rob't Hudgings and Benj : Cothron ,two youths only seven- 
teen years of age, &c. 

NoTem. l8t Copy of Letters Patent, from His Excellency Wm. Brown Esq'r, Gov- 
Bermuda emor &c. of Bermuda — authorizing Thos: Leon, Commander of* the 
'isl^dB^*^ Brigantine Commerce, to transport to Virginia seven Prisoners of War, 
to be exchanged under flag of truce for a like number of British Pri- 
soners; with request that certain ladies, Mrs. Mary Ronaldson, Mrs. 
Esther Muse, & Miss Peggy Easson and their families be allowed to 
return in said vessel — and signed by Henry Tucker Jnr: Secretary. 

Novem. 2d CoL: Davies to the Governor. 

War Office Informing him, there were not provisions enough in the neighbor- 
hood of Bowling Green &Goode'8 Bridge to supply Spotswood*s Legions, 
he desires money to purchase them elsewhere, and to erect barracks of 
logs for their protection from the weather. 

Novem. 2d "By HIS Excellency the Governor in CouNciL.*'t 

TeBtimonial Be it Known to all whom it may concern, that Capt. Armand Voglu- 
to Capt : gQ,^ Qf Qnj. Legion Cavalry, being about to leave this State, upon furlow, 
VogluBon and we being desirous to testify his faithful services as a prudent, brave 

*Thi8 Meraoranduni contains a List of all the Warehouses on the several Rivers 
mentioned herein. Transfer Tobacco, so called, because the notes given by Inspec- 
tors representing the quantities and weights thereof, were transferable in payment of 
public or private dues. 

f This appears to be the original draft; but is not signed, or stamped with the seaL 


and vigilant officer, we have therefore thought proper, hereby to certify 1782. 
the same as a testimonial of his merits and good conduct. Novem. 2d 

Given under my hand and the seal of the Commonwealth of Virginia 
this second day of November 1782." 

Thos: Jett to Col: Davies. Novem. 3d 

Giving statement of his transactions in the Five Counties, of which 
he had been appointed Commissioner. He had had more trouble and 
expence than all the money collected was worth and should be glad to 
have his accounts settled. 

Rich*d Morris, enclosing to Col: Davies, the vouchers in settlement of Novem. 3d 
his accounts as Commissioner of Specific tax in that County. Hanover. 

Caleb C. Gough to Governor op Virg'a. Novem. 3d 

Enclosing copy of a letter dated St. Pierie, Martinique Aug. Ist, 1782, Newbern N. 
from Saml: Parsons Com: Agent, to Gov: Harrison; informing him, Carolina 
that as far back as 1776 or 1777, there was in the hands of a Mr. Sou- 
bier of that place "the nett proceeds of sale of a Prize taken by the Prize cap- 
Privateer Musquito, Captain Harris, belonging to the State of Virginia" ca^nt^ Harris 
valued at "70 or 80 thousand Livres." The Captain after securing his of the Va. 
prize, "had proceeded on his cruize but was unfortunately taken & car- 1776 or' 7 
riod to England." Through neglect; together with the adroit proceed- 
ings of Soubier, the latter had never been required to account for this 
money; hence the state had been deprived of it for so long a time. 

Col: Davies informs the Governor, that "the Troops at York are Novem. 4th 
entirely without provisions" owing to the sickness and misconduct of War Ofllce 
Mr. Robertson. The flour at West Point might be used for their relief. 

Col: Davies to the Governor. Novem. 5th 

Soliciting permission, that the officers of the Cavalry be allowed War Office 
material out of the public store, from which to make cloaks, the cost of 
which to be deducted from their pay. 



1782. Col; Jos: Holmbs to Col: Da vies. 

Novem. 6th 

Winchester In regard to the collections of the specifics in his District, The offi- 
cers of Berkeley Co. had distributed them out to the wives of the sol- 
diers. He should get nothing, except from the county of Shenandoah. 


Richmond Praying that one John Smith of St. Thomas, be allowed to sell a 
vessel, the property of a Danish subject, in which paroled American 
Prisoners had been brought from Bermunda to Hampton. 

Novem. 6th Wm. Hay enclosing to the Governor, an Inventory of goods on hand 
Richmond belonging to the State, valued at Twelve thousand, four hundred and 
thirty seven Pounds, eleven pence. 

Novem. 7th Wm. Hay to the Governor. 

Richmond Since ho had resigned his Office as Commercial Agent for the State, 
he had been exceedingly annoyed in the settlement of his afPairs by 
importunate Creditors, who could not discriminate between his public 
and his private Credit. On this account he urgently requests that steps 
may be taken by the Executive to satisfy those who held his and Mr 
Ross* certificates of Claims. 

Novem. 7th Saml : Wisigar, Inspector, requests the Governor to allow him to dis- 
Manchester pose of flour made during the hot weather for that made after the warm 
weather, for the reason, that the former would become sour &c. 

Novem. 7th Wm. Hay to the Governor. 

Richmond However willing to sei-ve the country he may be, he begs leave to 
represent the iiDpossibility of his continuing to "answer the Orders of 
the Executive any longer; his affairs being thereby kept unsettled. 
Having applied to the Treasurer for the payment of the last Orders of 
the Council, it was refused, because the word "Pounds" of Tobacco was 
used instead of "Hogsheads" &c. 


Geo: Nicoubok to thx Goyunor. 1782. 

Expressing preference in fkTor of reeeiviD^ the 'Mower Toba.'* upon Ricbmond 
Rappahannock and Potomac'' at the price of ^'Pubiick Toba." viz: 8ix- Prk^of 
teen shillings and eight penc*e pr: cwt: If he had Specie, Tob: of the *^^****^^ **^- 
same qnalitj coo Id be obtained twenty pr: cent, lower. 

Col: Dayies to the Governor. NoTem. 8th 

In regard to the mt^ns of support of the new Levies of men &e. Col: War OAce 
Cameron of Augnsta writes, that the supplies of his District had been Me*sur«9 
consumed by Col : Armand's and the troops on the frontiers. Mr. Daven- ^*«** ^ 
port of Cnlpeper reports, the specifics of his district delivered to Mr. levies ^. 
Deck. In Mr. Lockhart's District thej had been appropriated to the 
militia of Washington and Montgomery Counties. A large amount still 
due, but would never be paid by the people. 

Mr. Pierce says the people of his counties decline doing anything 
towards furnishing supplies, except what had already been consumed at 
York, Eichroond and Hampton. Col : Newton was able to supply the 
post at Cabin Point and Mr. Tarbrough, Petersburg. The Continental 
Quarter Masters would supply the Troops at Winchester and Cumber- 
land Old Court House. 

Col: Geo: Moffett reporting to the Governor, that there had been Novem. 8th 
more money raised for recruiting, than was necessary, but "not one sol- Auiru»taCo. 
dier" had been raised by the districts, "nor any militia men." 

James Hays, applies to the Governor for Order on Capt: Young for Novem. 9th 
an amount of Paper in bis hands for Printing purposes, otherwise his Richmond 
Press should be compelled to stop for want of material. 

Col: Wm. Davies informs the Governer, that there was no immediate Novem. 9th 
want of shoes for the Legion, and that this should always be the case, War Offloo 
if leather could be constantly furnished. 



1782. J. Ambler, treasurer, enclosing to the Executive, report of "Commuta- 

Novem. 9th bles received at the Treasury by virtue of the Revenue Law, from the 1st 
Treasury of October 1782 to the 9th of November 1782, from the several counties 
^® of the entire state &c. &c — 

Tax in Com- Crop Tobacco 1,910 Hogsheads, 

paid"in Vir- Transfer do: 370,565 Pounds, 

ginia&c. Flour, 740 barrels, 

Hemp, 31,036 pounds, 

Deer Sisins 17i pounds. 

Amelia Co. sent most Tobacco in hogsheads 159, and Accomac most 
88360 pounds Icnown as "Transfer" or loose — Goochland afforded most 
Flour 117 bis: — Rockbridge & Albemarle about the same quantity of 
Hemp 9391 & 9383 pounds — and Rockbridge & Augusta furnish 17} 
pounds deer skins. 

Novem. 10th Wm. RonalI) TO CoL: Wm. Davies. 

Powhatan In behalf of William Bavis, a "young man of spirit" who having 
^^* been "nominated as a soldier" by the magistrates & Field OflScers of the 

County, had felt this to be an indignity and fled the State — he bad 
served in several Partizan corps in the Southern campaigns, and while 
in Col: Washington's regiment was badly wounded at the Cow Pens — 
was noted for his gallantry — and now being poor, and bi*oken down in 
health by reason of his wounds, prays a discharge from the service. 

Novem. 11th James Anthony, an inhabitant of that place, writes to the Governor, 
York asking to be exchanged; he having been released on parole in New 
York for this purpose, he had been prisoner five times, was Second mate 
of the Schooner Morris, had been in the Service five years, at Sea, hav- 
ing been bred a Sailor &c. 

Novem. 11th CoL: Abram Green to the Executive. 

Amelia Co. Reporting his operations in recruiting for the Continental Army — he 
had received "seven hundred and twelve pounds, fifteen sbillings A two 
pence" of the Tax — had issued warrants against the effects of those 
who had failed to pay the tax; but had received no recruits from the 
militia of that County. 


Jno. Robertson to Gov: Harrison. 1782. 

Novem. 11 ih 
Through Mr. Laurence Stacy, Commissary at York, he had been Bicbmood 

informed of the great scarcity of provisions at that Post. Col: Braxton 

had ro'd £300 worth in Tobacco from him, for which he was to return 

Pork, Brandy and Flour immediately, but had not done so. In the 

present scarcity of food, he could do nothing without cash : and should Scarcity & 

be obliged to give up his contract at 10 shillings pr: ration, having «-?f™ *« 

already lost much money. In future his Proposals should be for one 

shilling pr: ration. 

Wm. Hay endorses the account of John Fisher with the State, for Novem. 12tli 
stores, goods &c. imported. The goods in the Friendship lost in the Richmond 
Brig stranded near the Capes. The Brig Perseverance was taken & 
carried to New York," so her goods were lost. 

Col: Wm. Davies to the Governor. Novem. 12th 

Enclosing resolutions of Congress to him, by which it appears ^Hhe WarOAee 
late arrangement of the Virginia Line is capitally erroneous with respect 
to the subalterns" &c. 

Saml: Inolis & Co. to Gov: Harrison. Novem. 12ih 

Enclosing proceedings in the court of admiralty of New Jersey in the Philadelphia 
case of the sloop William & John, libelled and sold as a prize on account Case of the 
of Hope Willets — who had gotton possession of her as follows — One ^iii|^m*5fc 
Thomas Osborn, had been a Seaman on board a British Armed Boat John— cap- 
called the "Trimmer, commanded by Jesse Turner" — the said Trimmer captor* Ac 
captured an armed Schooner called the " Katy and Nancy " and Osborn 
was put in charge of her as Prize master, but having run ashore in a 
gale, near Hampton, was captured by a French guard & put on board a 
" Flag Brigantine," from which he and four men escaped in a small 
boat. In this boat they boarded the sloop "William & John," loaded 
with Tea & pork from Virginia, and having captured her, put her Cap- 
tain and "two hands" ashore, and proceeded with her on their voyage 
to New York. About four Leagues off Egg-Harbour, he was recaptured 
by the "armed Boat Luck & Fortune commanded by Hope Willets" and 
carried into New Jersey. He informs the Executive that those inter- 
ested, have no recouree except by appeal to the Commander in Chief or 
to Congress. By arrival of the ship Alexander at Boston," 30 days 
from S. Orient," advices to Oct. 1st had been received. "Lord Howe 
had not sailed to the relief of Gibralter, and the combined fleets were 
said to be on a cruize" &c, 



1782. Copy of Discharge of "Andrew Lei tch a draft from Stafford County" 

Novem. 12th &c. signed by 
C. Old C. A. KIRKPATRICK, Capt— 

"*® Commanding Genl: Rendezvous. 

Novem. 18th David Ross' account with the State of Virginia, Showing receipts in 
Tobacco and Hemp, and by warrants &c. 

Novem. 18th Thomas Smith TO THE Executive. 

Richmond In behalf of Simon Nathans's claim agi^inst the State. Notwith- 
* standing his former imprudence, he trusts the Council will throw aside 
the prejudices against this unfortunate man, altho' a Jew, and afford 
him relief, for the sake of his innocent family &c. 

Novem. 18ih Account of David Ross & Co. against State of Virginia, for goods 
Richmond 'imported in the Brig Ross'' &c. 

Novem. 14th CoL; Davies to the Governor. 

War Office In regard to the Public Arms. The reports sent in by the Commis- 
sary of Mil: Stores found to be incorrect. Desires permission to visit 
the magazines himself at public expence and inspect their condition, 
numbers &c. The returns ali*eady made were rather below than above 
the number on hand, most of those had been repaired by Mr. Dick. 
The arms from below were on their way to Point of Fork, and those 
from Irvin's store and Charlottesville should be sent to the same Place. 
The unserviceable should be sent Mr. Dick, who had, against great 
obstacles, repaired ^'637 stand.'' 

Novem. 14th Jno: Robertson informs Col: Davies, of his having contracted with 
Richmond Mr. John Pride & Mr. William Ball of Chesterfield for "50 Beeves & 60 
or 70 barrs: flour" for the troops at York. Mr. Wm. Davenport of N. 
Kent Co. had also agi*eed to deliver "ten fine Beeves and two hundred 
gallons Brandy." He had given his obligation to these gentlemen for 
the payment of these stores, and he hopes he will be furnished the cash, 
and not "be leil to be a ridicule in the eyes of the world by totally 
losing my character, & ruined to the end of time &c." 


Wm. Hay to the Governor. 1782. 

NoTom. 14ih 
EocloHing David Rosb' account of two hundred and fifly-eight hhds: Richmond 

Tobacco shipped to the West Indies; also copy of Mr. Fisher's acct. Ac. 

Has "an opportunity to Ostend" and desires copy of his letter to Mr. 

Barclay, enclosing his commission, which he can foward to him &c. 

Capt: H. Young to the Executive. Novem. 14th 

In regard to paying the State Legion. Suggests, a Pay Roll be made Richmond 
out at first of every month, for the one preceding, to be certified to by 
him, then to be examined and approved by the Auditor, whereupon his 
Excellency can order warrant to be issued accordingly — this would 
"prevent the mischeivous practice of paying money on account." 

Thos: Parker to Col: Davies. Novem. 14th 

In behalf of a drummer Boy who had served with him in the South, Lawfleld 

had returned with him, had been very sick. Asks that he be sent to Drummer 

Cumberland old C. House, and be furnished with clothing "as he is ^^ 
exceedingly naked." 

Certificate of Danl: McCarty (God-father of Archibald Campbell) Novem. 14th 
Thos. Jett, and Jos: Fox Grentlemen, guardians of said Campbell, and Washington 
Executors of "Last will and Testament of .^rch: Campbell, late Rector Westmore- 
of Parish of Washington," and sworn magistrates — giving evidence that l^nd Co. 
he was the eldest son and Heir of said Arch: Campbell Eector &c. 

Also Certificate of Fra: Wilson M. W. P — that he stands registered as Form of 
such on the Parish Register, and as having been born May 11th, 1761. ^"^^[^9^^^ 


Resolution of 6en4 Assembly calling for Proceedings of the Execu- Novem. 14th 
tive under the Revenue Law; and account of the monies raised from Thursday 
sale of Commodities, received under the Act for levying taxes &c. 

" A List of the number of Souls in the County of Hampshire taken Novem. 14th 
by the Magistrates, by order of Court Nov : 14th 1782 — Hampshire 

7469 Whites and 513 Blacks. Co- 


1782. Thos: Fox to Gov: Harrison. 

Korem. 15th 
SpotrflTftoia Refuting the charge brought by some unknown person against him, 

^^' that he had threatened to appropriate to his private uses the money col- 
lected under the enlistment act — Explaining that it must have grown 
Races at out of a conversation between Capt: Mountjoy and himself on the Race- 
bursT *" ^^^^ ^^ Fredericksburg in Oct: last, part of which doubtless had been 
over heard by some malicious person, and his moaning perverted. 
Expresses great indignation at the report and desires to be furnished 
the name of his slanderer. Refers incidentally however, to the general 
disgust for the service, and the efforts made to avoid military duty by 
procuring substitutes at enormous prices. 

Novem. 15th Capt: H. Young to the Governor. 

Requesting authority to pay Capt: Brown the Paymaster of the 
Legion, the amount due for the month of January. ' 

Novem. 16th CoL: Davies to the Governor. 

War Office In behalf of Mr. Jno. Robertson, Purchaser of provisions for the Army. 
This officer was overwhelmed by the importunities of creditore, from 
whom he had bought stores upon promise of payment Oct. Ist, but 
owing to the failure of the Government to meet his demands, he had 
not been able to comply with his contracts, and unless relieved at once, 
would be utterly ruined in credit and character Ac. 

Kovem. 16th B. Stark and J. Boush to the Governor. 

Auditor's In regard to the Pension List. The number very much reduced since 
Office 1779; most of them being widows, may have forfeited their claim by 
marrying again. Had not been able to settle the claims from the 
various Counties, and suggest that the time fixed upon by the Assembly 
for impressment be extended, and that Printed forms of Warrants be 
prepared, to avoid the delay and labor arising from the necessity of 
writing them, &c. 

Novem. I6tii BiRKETT Davenport to Col: Davies. 

Culpeper Co. Giving list of Estray horses sent, and reporting others belonging to 
the State in the possession of persons who refuse to give them up — 
makes return of Collections made in his district, &c. 


Petition to the Executive for the Pardon of Stephen Allen, con- 1782. 
demned to death for Stealing. Signed by G. Carrington jnr: — Joseph Novem. 17th 

Carrington, H. Harman, Geo: Carrington, M. Carrington, Wm. M Dillon, Cumberland 

mark ^''• 

.Tames Gilliam, Thos: Walton, R. Baskerville, Jas: & Hezekiah Carter, 
ThoR. Boling, Co. 

Major Alex: Dick to the Governor. Novem. 17th 

In obedience to his orders, he had sent Mr. Slaughter to remove the York 
British Officers from Gloucester to that Post — he regrets his conduct in 
allowing those gentlemen to reside at Col: Lewis' had not been approved, British Offi- 
but he feels assured his Excellency will make due allowance for his hav- ^^^r^ide^at 
ing done so, when the reasons are known to him. The troops from that Col : Lewis's 
Post had marched to Richmond leaving but a small force of Artillery, ^^ ter°^^" 
who had to do the whole duty of guard and relief, &c. Provisions were 
very scarce and the men grumbling continually — adds "In short I 
thought it very impolitic to make British Officers acquainted with our 
Poverty & weakness. Colo. Lewis' character is that of a friend & a 
officer with them was a check on unfriendly Visitors — Was I to be gov- 
ern'd by the usage I have received from their Countrymen, no insult I 
could offer them would retaliate for the treatment I received when a His tt'eat- 

prisoncr. I am an American & it was with real pleasure 1 found your ™®'*^ ^^en a 
' „ . . . •• J . . . , ... prisoner 

Excellencies sentiments coincided with mine to treat them with polite- 
ness & civility. We are still starving in this Garrison." ♦ ♦ * * 
"The Commissary has to Day issued every pound of Beef & bread he 
has any chance of getting: the Gentlemen here will not trust the Com'y, 
& I have been obliged to make myself answerable for a quantity of 
bread to keep the men from starving." Refers to conduct of one Lowry 
in quarrelling with "the Troops quartered on his plantation," and who 
had residing with him one Honsell, suspected of being a Spy. He had 
arrested and confined this man under the martial Law, &c. 

Col: Anthony Thornton, giving return of Collections to the amount Novem. 18th 
of £624.16.8}, and adds "Our people show the greatest willingness to Caroline Co. 
pay this tax & have cheerfully given up their property, wh\lih has been The people 
exposed for sale, but the great scarcity of money prevents any pur- willing to 
chases; however I flatter myself the whole of our collection will be 
made up by the 12th of next month. 


1782. Wm. Hay, in accordance with instructions from the Executive, 

Novem. 18th encloses an account of Tobacco received by him as Com: Agent under 
Richmond the Two pr: ct: Law, from March 1781, to Oct. 2d 1782, as two thou- 
sand three hundred and eleven Hhds: weighing 2,439,588 pounds. 

Noyem. 19th JoS: JONES, AND J. MaDISON JnR., TO GoV: HaRBISON. 

Philadelphia After acknowledging receipt of his of the 8th inst., they add, "We 
are sorry to be obliged to repeat our inability to add any intelligence 
relative to the negotiations for peace. Various reports prevail of the 
surrender of Gibraltar, but they amount to nothing more than a small 
degree of probability. The investiture of Jamaca is also reported, but 
rests on still more slender testimony. There seems to be every pi-oof 
of the evacuation of Charlestown short of an official report of it. Col : 
Bland set out on friday last for Richmond. To his information we beg 
leave to refer for a full state of all precedent circumstances. 

We have the honor to be with great esteem 
Your Excelly's obt. & h'mble Serv'ls 

&c. &c. 


Richmond Enclosing estimate of expence of binding records of the General 
Court, as directed by the judges of the same. 

He had rented a house at thirty pounds for six months for an office. 
Persons having houses to let, were so unwilling "to credit the publiek" 
he should "engage to pay the rent" for his office, relying upon the 
"Executive for indemnification," &c. Ac. 

Novem. 20th J^o. Robertson to Gov: Harrison. 

Richmond Exculpating himself from the blame of the starving of the troops at 
York. " The warrant for the seven hundred and odd pounds cash " for 
the purchase of provisions, was in the hands of Col: Davies, Commis- 
sioner of War, &c. 

Novem. 20th i^^VY) CouNT DE Yerqennes TO Dr. Franklin. 

Yersailles Enclosing memorial of Louis Auby, a merchant of Nantz, for remu- 
neration on account of large losses sustained by him, by reason of the 
"flight" of St. Penet, Commercial Agent of Yirginia at that Place &c. 


"The House according to the Order of the Day, proceeded by joint 1782. 
ballot with the House of Delegates to the choice of a Governor, a Chief November 
Majistrate of the Commonwealth for the ensuing year, and the members In the Senate 
having prepared Tickets with the name of the pereon to be appointed, got^h *^ 
and deposited the same in the ballot- Boxes, Mr. Harrison, Mr. Taylor 
and General Stevens were nominated a Committee to meet a Committee 
from the House of Delegates and jointly with them to examine the Bal- 
lot Boxes, and report to the House, on whom the majority of votes 
should fall. 

The Committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House and reported that they had according to order met a Committee 
from the House of Delegates in the Conference Chamber, and jointly 
with them examined the Ballot Boxes, and found a majority of votes in 
favor of Benjamin Harrison Esquire of Berkeley." 

Extract from the Journal. 


John Marshall, chosen a member of the "privy council or Council of Novem. 20th 

State."* Wedn^ay 

In the Senate 

John Gillison, Capt: 6th Va. Reg't reports his inability to recruit men Novem. 20th 
to serve as guard to the Prisoners at Winchester, as he had been ordered. Culpeper Co. 

Claim of Capt: John Harris for value of a Brigantine taken from him Novem. 20th 
by Capt: Richard Barrow in 1775, to the amount of seven hundred and H. of Dele- 
fifty pounds, declared to be reasonable, arid therefore allowed. ^*^^ 

Wm. Eose, Keeper op the Public Jail, to the Governor. Novem. 20th 

Earnestly appealing for Executive clemency in behalf of Robert 
Hudgin, a youth of nineteen years, condemned to death, who had been 
long ill, and who '^oppressed on one hand by sickness and on the other 
by the deadful apprehensions of an ignominious exit by the Execu- 
tioner,'' he thinks must die in prison unless he can be removed to the 
hospital and put under charge of Dr. Foushee, as he is in a room with 
ten other prisoners, & is fetid & unwholesome." The Court had recom- 
mended him to mercy, but his pardon would be of no avail unless the 
Governor & Council should act at once. The Governor called the Coun- 

*The same form of procecdure used, and the same Committee as above acted in 
this Election. 


1782. cil together the next day at 11 o'clock, whereupon they were "happy to 
Novem. 20th concur with the Governor in giving their assent "to the above request 
of the Jailor. This is signed by S. Hardy, Beverly Randolph, Sampson 
Mathews and Jas: Monroe. 

Novem. 20th Bknj: Harrison Jnr. to the Governor. 

Richmond Informing him, he had delivered two tons of hemp and paid fifty 
pounds in specie to Mr. Robertson for another warrant. He had a large 
quantity of Transfer Tobacco sold in the warehouse at Manchester, but 
as the weather was so bad, he did not think the Inspectors would be 
there, from whom to get the proceeds. He sees no prospect of realizing 
money from sale of Commutables in his hands. 

Novem. 2l8t Alex: Martin, Gov: op N. Carolina, to Governor Harrison. 

Hillsborough I ani honoured with two Letters from your Excellency, respecting 

N. Carolina h^q Chicasaw and Cherokee Indians. The humane, sentiments you 
Kindness to- breathe towards those Tribes of Savages are perfectly similar to my 
wards the own, and it will give me pleasure to co-operate with your Excellenc}' in 
obtaining a peace with them on some permanent Principles, that the 
cruelties and Horrors of Indian wars, intolerable among civilized nations 
may in fliture be prevented. 
Cbicasaws & The Chicasaws have done us little Injury, with whom a peace may be 
Chicamaugas easily concerted. The Inhabitants of the Over-hill Town, and Valley 
Settlements of the Cherokees have been rather neutral than offensive, 
and have not of late been the object of public Kesentment, as those of 
the middle settlements and Chicamauga Towns, against whom our Expe- 
dition hath been carried on this Fall, under the command of Brig: Gene- 
ral McDowol, and Colo. Sevier, to punish them for the murders and Bar- 
barities they have committed on the Inhabitants of this state, without 
provocation, and while the Overhill and nearer Towns, who had the 
greatest Cause of complaint have not been hostile, but have peaceably 
submitted as yet to the Trespasses of our people, which I am sorry this 
Government could not prevent, from the late distracted situation of our 
public affairs: but am taking every step in my power to quiet the friendly 
Indians, until I can meet the General Assembly to take further meas- 
ures with these refractory persons, and adopt some lasting plan of recon- 
ciliation with all the Indians at War. 

The Assembly have failed to meet me at this Time to which thoy 
stood adjourned ; but I flatter myself to have a session about the first 
Day of Jan'y next when I shall do myself the Honor to lay your Excel- 
lency's Letters before that Body & urge the necessity of treating with 


those Indians in the manner you propose under legislative authority. 1782. 
The Chicamaugas seem not yet disposed for peace, as no proposals have Novem. 2l8t 
been made yet from them to the officers commanding the militia against 
them or to me— in Consequence of which some of their Towns have been Destruction 
destroyed, a few Indians Killed, the principal Body having fled, and our ^^^ towns of 
militia have returned, waiting for further orders & Instructions. I shall the Chica- 
delay all further hostilities against them, untill we have fresh cause of ™*"g*® 
Complaint, giving them in the mean while an opportunity to sue for 
peace, the other Tribes of that nation having disclaimed their Proceed- 
ings. I shall early communicate to your Excellency the Transactions 
of the Assembly on this subject, if I can obtain a Session, otherwise the 
Executive will take up the Business; of which you will have immediate 
Notice. The friendly Disposition your Excellency is pleased to discover Yireinia A 
in cultivating harmony between the sister states of Virginia and North o "r** 
Carolina, whose interests are, and ought ever to be mutual, being nearly 
connected with almost every Tie, gives me the highest pleasure and 
satisfaction. Rest assured Sir, that every thing in my power shall be 
effected on my part, that the same may be continued on a solid and 
lasting Foundation. 

I have the honor to be, with the most perfect 
Esteem and Eespect 

Your Excellency's most obedient 
humble Servant 
&c. &c. 
His Excellency Governor Harrison. 


Capt: Thos: Lilly to Joseph Prentis Esqr. at Eichmond. Novem. 22d 

Enquiring whether anything had been done by the Executive towards 
allowing him "the £60 voted him" for saving the Brig Liberty and her 
cargo, in 1778, &c. 

Major Alex: Dick to the Governor. Novem. 22d 

The passport intended for the "Brig Mentor" had been stolen out of Yj,^^ 
bis Room. It has been reported that this vessel had gone to Sea, but b^j^ Mentor 
after "getting nigh her harbour had returned through stress of weather." 
The truth was she was met at sea by another vessel, and being informed 
that all tobacco not mentioned in her passport would be seized, "thirty 
hhds: would have been too great a loss." He had suffered great uneasi- 
ness on account of the disputes with Messrs. Goosley & Gibbons, but was Troubles 
willing to submit to the decision of any fair court. Is indebted to Mr. with the In- 
Rennolds for money advanced to buy bread — no flour or bread in the York 
Garrison— (with this enclosed is one dated Nov: 20th) — stating that 



.1782. Col: DabDey had ordered the Stockade at York <' to be cut down for 
lioveiD. 28d winter firing," when he left, and warned the Inhabitants not to take any 
of the wood. Notwithstanding this *'a Mr. Goosley who thinks himself 
superior to the rest of his fellow citizens " had given great trouble iu 
this business. Mr. Gibbons had carried off much of this wood which 
he had ordered the soldiers to carry back &c. Goosley presuming upon 
his forbearance had grossly insulted him in his room, behaving with 
great insolence, and threatening unless the wood was returned ^^he 
would play the devill with us all.*' Asks if there was no protection 
against the insolence of civilians. 

He could only account for this Conduct on the part of Goosley & others 
from the fact, that the presence of the military at that place and at Hamp- 
ton served to prevent the running ^^ of immense quantities of goods'' 
into the state in the flag vessels from New York, '^a crime that too 
many will be found guilty of Mr. Gibbons had sued him for taking 
the wood out of his yard, and thinks he had done nothing wrong in 
carrying off wood which did not belong to him. He hopes the suit will 
be transferred to Richmond, as he would not trust to a jury of that 
county: and as he has 'Mncured it" in the performance of his duty, 
thinks the Country should not let it be at his expence &c. 

Novem. 24th CrEO : F. Norton to the Governor. 

Frederick Apologizing for not having paid his respects to him, upon his arrival 
^' in the state "agreeable to a positive law made for that purpose with 
respect to certain persons under his circumstances." Pleads his igno- 
rance of this law, and ill health, hence he had gone to the upper coun- 
try to reside until the cold weather with his friends & relations Thurs- 
ton's family, and begs the Colonel be informed of this, &c. 

Novem. 24th CoLo. Davies to the Executive. 

War Office ^^ regard to the charges in the account presented by Colo. Newton — 
which were due for his public services, he had succeeded in removing 
the heavy artillery from South Quay to James River, which had for 
several years been attempted in vain by others — had been efficient in 
furnishing the French fleet &c. 

Xovem. 25th 

HoDday Resolution, declaring Josiah Riddick's petition for the five thousand 

General weifirht of Tobacco voted him in 1780, to be reasonable &c. 
ABsembly ° 


Oapt: JoHif Petton to Col: Wm. Davibs. 1782: 

Noyem. 2dtll 

All the Stores had been removed from Charlottesville to that Post, Foint of 
but were in very bad order; & number of Arms without Stocks or 
Locks. Those at Erwin's should be moved by water as soon as the 
river rose; for which he had engaged water-men & canoes &c. Desires 
^'breeches for the State-negroes" — and clothing for the artificers. 

Colo. D. Fisher to Col: Da vies. Novem. 26th 

Enclosing militia return, but says he could do nothing towards Greensville 
training them for want of arms. 

List of Inhabitants, returned to the Executive, &o. llovem. 26th 

Whites— 5549. Blacks 8749— total 14298. Amelia Oo. 

Col: Lewis Burwell to . Novem. 26th 

Beporting collections to the amount of £464.5.8i, in pursuance of the Mecklen- 
recruiting Law, &c. ""^^ 

Wm. Rose, K. P. Jail, enclosing to the Governor, descriptive list of Novem. 26th 
the criminals conditionally pardoned — finds four; whose lives were Richmond 
spared provided they performed three years Service each, as common 
Labourers in the public lead mines. 

First John Dean, bom in Middlesex — thinks he is with his family in J*il »* Rich- 
Gloucester — well Known as illiterate and foolish, of weak mind. Wil- 
liam Smith, al: Nugent, from Pennsylvania, had two brothers executed 
in that State— slender, dark — "wears a bushy hair'* Insidious in his 
address — being a circulator of Counterfeit money under the auspices of 
the ingenious Dinwiddle Printer &c. 

Thomas Johnson or Johnson al : Jackson, a noted horse-thief, from 
near Frederick, Maryland. 

Timothy CampbeU, native of Ireland, late of Pensylvania, horse-theif. 
"Remarkably fond of Irish, Bacchanalian, and sea songs, which ho exe- 
cuted with a tolerable voice, and in the peculiar manner of the low Irish. 
He was very fond of strong Liquor and when Drunk audaciously impu- 
dent," &c. 

Mr. Rose in closing, expresses the hope his Excellency will overlook 
his not waiting on him, "as the condition of the Jail at this time" would 
not admit of his leaving it without doing violence to his duty. 


1782. Jos: Jones, AND James Madison Jnr: to the 6oy: of Virginia. 

NoTem. 26th 

Philadelphift Enclosing Acts of Congress, in regard to reduction of the Army: and 
information from the "Sec'y at War" in regard to clothing for the Vir- 
ginia Troops. They '' had sounded the disposition of the Superintendent 
of Finance as to an acceptance of Tobo. from Virginia" &c., to which 
he replied, that his agent had made a proposition to that effect for 
60,000 pounds, which had been lying for son^e time before the Executive 
News by A letter from Genl: Washington of the 19th instant, informs CongresH 

Ge^^^-'^W^'h- ^^ ftirther news of the Evux^uation of Charlestown; part of the garrison 
ington gone to the West Indies & part to fiali&x — ^that the last division of the 
British fleet was about leaving N. York; and that from what he had 
heard through several channels, our embarkation was actually on foot. 
Captives among the captives lately discharged from Canada, were ^*200 men, 
^^^&c^^^ women and children who belong to the Kentucky and other back set- 
tlements of Virginia." Some of them had arrived at Philadelphia, 
" through the benevolent assistance of the Commander in Chief." No 
doubt application would be made for relief for those & others on Iheir 
way, and the State should be apprised of the probable draft on her 
Treasury, in this and similar cases. 


Boundary "In Pursuance of an Order of the Executives of the States of Vir- 
Line Mason ginia and Pennsylvania, 

Mason & We the subscribers. Commissioners, do Report, that We have extended 
^*®"'' I^°® Dixons and Mason's Line, Twenty Three Miles to a small Poplar in the 
forks of Fish Creek, & from thence Extended a meridian of Sixty one 
miles and Two hundred and Thirty Six perches to the Ohio Biver, which 
Intersects the Same in the Narrows above the upper end of Much 
Moores Bottom, and about Two and one half miles above the mouth of 
Yellow Creek." 

Given Under our hands this Twenty Eighth day of Nov'r, 1782. 

JOS: NEVILL ^ State of Virginia. 

ALEXANDEB MoHAN J State of Pennsylvania. 


Geo: Rogkes Clark to Gov: Hareison. 1782. 

" Sir NoTem. 

I embrace the opertnnity by Capt: Madison, of acquainting you of Lincoln Co. 
our return from the Indian Country, we left the Ohio the fourth, with 
one Thousand and fifty men, and supprised the principall Shawone 
Town on the Evening of the 10th Inst: amediately detaching of strong 
parties to different Quarters, in a few hours two thirds of their Towns 
was laid in ashes and every thing they ware possest of destroy'd except 
such articles as most usefull to the Troops, the Enemy not having time 
to secreet any part of their Riches that was in their Towns, the British 
Trading post at the head of the Miame, and Carrying place to the waters 
of the Lakes shared the same fate by a party of one hundred and fifty 
Horse, Commanded by Colo. B. Logan, whose property to a great ami. 
was destroyed, the Quantity of provitions burnt far surpast any Idea 
we had of their stores of that kind. The loss of the Enemy was ten 
scalps, seven prisoners and two whites retaken— ours one Killed, one 
wounded, after laying part of four days in their Towns, finding all 
attempts to bring them to a Genl. action fruitless we retired, as the sea- 
son was far advanced and the weather threatening. I could not learn 
by prisoners that they had the least idea of Genl : Irwin's design of pene- 
trating into their country, should he have given them another stroke at 
Sandusky, it will more than double the advantages already gained. We 
might probably have got many more scalps and prisoners could we have 
known in time whether or not we were discovered, which we took for 
granted untill getting within three miles some circumstances happened 
which caused us to think otherways, though uninformed. Col : Floyd 
with three hundred men was ordered to advance to bring on an action, 
or attact the Towns. Maj'r Walls with a party of horse, being pre- 
viously detached by a different Rout, as a party of observation. Although 
Col : Floyd's motion was so quick as to get to the Town but a few moments 
later than those who discovered his approach, the Inhabitants had suffi- 
tient notice to effect their escapes to the woods by the alarm cry that 
was given on the first discovery, to be heard at a great distance, and 
repeated by all that hears it. of course our parties only fell in with the 
Rear of the enemy. I must beg leave to Recommend to your Excel- 
lency, the Militia of Kentucky, whose behaviour on the Occation do 
them Honour, particularly their desire of saving prisoners. 

I am y'r Excellencies 

obed't Servt." 


. 1782. Col: S. Clarke to Gtovebhor Harbison (Copy.) 

Novem. 27ih "Sir, 

Lincoln Co. I embrace the opportunity by Capt: Madison to inform yoa of our 

safe return from the Indian Country. I left the Ohio the fourth, with 
one Thousand and fiHy men, and surprised the principal Shawanee 
Town on the evening of the Tenth Inst: amediately detaching off strong 
* parties to different Quarters, in a few hours two thirds of their Towns 
was laid in ashes, and every thing they ware possessed of distroyed 
except such as were most useful to the Troops, the enemy not having 
time to secrete any part of their Riches that was in ye Villages, the 
British trading post at the Postage on the Head of the Miami shared 
the same fate by Colo. Benj. Logan; and a party of one Hundred and 
fifty Horse, whose property to a great amount was burnt — ^the Quantity 
of provisions destroyed far surpassed any Idea we had of their stores of 
that kind, the loss of the Enemy was Ten scalps, seven prisoners and 
two whites Retaken, ours one Killed one wounded. After laying part 
of four days in their Towns, finding all attempts to bring them to a 
genl: action Fruitless, we retired; the season being far advanced and 
the weather threatening. I could not learn by the prisoners, that they 
had the least Idea of Genl : Erwin's intention of penetrating into their 
Country, should he have given them another stroke at Sandusky, it 
will more than double the advantage already gained. 

We might probably have got many more scalps and prisoners could 
we have timely known whether or not we ware discovered; which we 
took for granted, untill geting within three miles. Some circumstances 
happened caused us to think otherways though uncertain. Colo. Floyd 
was ordered to advance with three hundred men and bring on an action 
or attack the Town. Major Walls with a party of Horse being pre- 
viously sent on a Different rout as a party of Observation. Although 
Colo. Floyd's motion was so quick that he got to the Town but a few 
minutes later than those whome discovered his approach, the Inhabi* 
tants had suflScient notice to effect their escapes by the allarm cry that 
was given on the first discovery and to be heard at a great distance and 
repeated by all that hear it, so that he only fell in with the Rear of 
them. I must beg leave to recommend to your Excellency the militia 
of Kentuck who did themselves Honour on the occation, especially their 
desire of saving prisoners. 

I am y*r Obt. Serv't 
&c. &c. 

Kovem. 28th Translation of a Letter from the Count de Yergennes to Mr. Thomas 

Yeraaillee Barclay; in reply to his of the 15th Nov: 1782, requesting him to foward 

the arms, stores and clothing intended for Virginia, if possible in an 

armed vessel, or under Convoy, for protection against the enemy's crois- 


era, as agreed between the Cher: de la Lazerne and the Hon: Benj: 178?. 
Harrison at Philadelphia &c. — he says, ^'You are not acquainted Sir, Novem. 28th 
with the difficulties that prevent the furnishing the Arms, Araunition and Complica- 
Cloathing, which the State of Virginia wishes to have provided here, iJ^^furnUhinf 
and deliver'd to their order." he had made those known to the Cher: Virginia 
de la Luzerne, and new orders would consequently be issued on the sub- fro^ Primce 
ject. The King had found that great inconvenience and complications 
would follow the delivery of such articles to separate States, to be paid 
for by the United States, consequently Mr. Harrison or any other agent 
of Virginia would be instructed to treat with Mr, Morris, for such por- 
tion of military stores as might be sent to the order of Congress. If 
the Virginian should prefer that their purchases be made in & for- 
warded directly from France, he would with pleasure give his attention 
to their wishes. He returns the Commission granted him by Virginia, 
in as much as it had not had the effect for which it was fowarded. 

Trial and condemnation of a negro slave, called ^' James,'' for Bur- Novem. 29th 
glary; before Wm. Smith Ed: Hemdon, Thos. Colson, Wm. Mills and Spotsylvania 
J no: Lewis Justices — sentenced to suffer death by hanging. He and ^^' 
his accomplice, had stolen twenty gallons of brandy, valued at " Five 
pounds current money." 

Maj'b John Crittenden to Col'b Wm. Da vies. Novem. 29th 

D'r Colo: 

I thank you for your favour of the sixth of April last, which Fayette 
this moment came to hand, accompanied by a letter from B. Grenl: Irvin ^"^^7 ^7* 
to Genl: Clarke, Dated Fort Pitt, seventh Inst: announcing that the 
Intended Expedition against Sandusky under his Command in Oct: last, 
was Countermanded by the Secretary of the Continental board of war, 
in consequence of the Savages being silenced on our frontiers. The 
most pleasing and Interesting intelligence Ever yet Experienced by the 
Citizens of this Department. As the most accurate accounts will be 
given you of our late Expedition against the Shawana Indians, I shall 
be silent on that head (with this observation only) that we Recrost the 
Ohio River on the 18th Inst: having kill'd ten Savages, taken 10 prison- 
ers. Depopulated seven Towns, and burnt ten thousand bushels of corn. 

I have no Reason to doubt but the conduct of those, by whom the 
State have suffered abuses, will be held out to the most conspicuous 
View, and treated as attrocious criminals. 

I have this day made out the locations for your warrants committed 
to my charge by Capt: Holt, and shall enter them with Colo. Marshall, 
whose office is now open in two or three days. After which shall pro- 


1782. ceed with utmost dispatch to have them surveyed; therefore woold wish 
Novem. 29th you, if convenient, to write him on the subject of the Expences arising, as 
I am without the means, or otherways would willingly defray them, 
pray excuse haste and believe me, with most sincere regard. 

Your most obe't and very h'ble Servt." 


Office of In reply to his of the 16th instant, he had that day written to Mr. 

nance B|^|^,jny urging him to foward the Arms &c for Virginia — hopes any 

opinion he may have expressed on this subject may not be misconstrued. 

Necessity of If the necessity existed for these articles, motives of expediency should 

fro^m^Franee °^^ weigh against it, and no expence should be spared to procure them. 

He supposes the Legislature of the State will control the matter of 

expenditures on this head, and expresses the hope, he will meet with 

success in placing the State in a posture of defence. 

Novem. 80th *CoL: S. ClaBK TO GoV: HARBISON. 

Lincoln Ky. He had just received his Excellency's letter of the 17th Oct: and 
could not understand it, until he had recalled certain circumstances, 
which proved to him, false ^^ reports and memorials" had been sent to 
the Governor. He regrets that he has not copies of his former letters, 
and will not be able to be as minute in what he has to say as he could 
desire. The disturbed and critical condition of that country and the 
difficulty of procuring an Express had prevented him from giving the 
government the information he desired to send. 
Reasons why Continues—^" I have in a former let'r I think given you satisfactory 
^?"|^ ^•^."^^ Reasons why the Posts alluded to was not built, preparations ware 
made early in the spring for the execution of your orders, but a full 
Acc't of the designs of the Enimy caused us to alter our plans — ^pru- 
dence directed that we should not enter on too large a.scale — the Forti- 
fications at the falls was first to be repaired, proceed to Kentucky, from 
thence to Licking & compleating our works in Rotation — but in the 
Bnemies execution of this business I had not only to countetlict the design 
within the ^f ^jj^ Enemy, but a powerfull party indeavouring to subvert the gov- 
spiring to ernment, of which I have reason to believe, that great part of those 
overthrow ^Jiome give your ExceU'y so much Intelligence belong. Those and 
ment many other Resent circumstances caused us to meet with difficulties in 
drawing out the Militia, hardly to be surmounted with the assistance of 
many worthy gentlemen in office — I found that it was impossible to 
Build those posts without the greatest probability of sacrificing a party, 

«The latter part of this letter is lost. 


as not less than six or seven Hnndred men could have keep possession 1782. 
of the month of Licking. After six days being within Eighty-six miles Novem. SOtb 
of the Body of the Enimy, artd the clamours of Eaven those people Risk of 
whome I suspect to have made their complaint to you was that such ^^JJ^ 
post could not be supported and of no consequence, though I believe it 
not to be the real sentiments of the whole, but rather to disapoint the 
design, to save themselves from the duty — Receiving repeated Intelli- 
gence from toe Enimy we endeavoured to fix on the most likely plan to 
save the country. Colo. Todd's militia was excused from all other duty MeuureB 

but that of keepiufic out proper scouts and spies on the Ohio and Else- ^^}^^^ ^ 

. .J. . .^,T^ . . » XI, defend the 

whare to discover the approach of the Enemy, to give time & to Imbody Country Ac. 

a sufficient force to Repell them, as it could not be previously done, not 
certainly knowing in what quarter they would make their stroke, 
instead of those necessary duties being done in which their salvation 
apparently depended, the Enimy was suffered to penetrate deliberately 
into the bowels of their Country and make the attack before they ware 
discovered, this I beleive is what is wished to be blinded, and the Cause of the 
neglect to be one of the principal springs to that mad pursuit and car- «l****?^ ^ 
narge of the Blue Licks, as the Reverse of fortune would have obliviated 
the former neglect. I must confess that I have been dcfitient in my duty 
in not given you an ac't of every cii*cumstance attending this unhappy Reasons why 
affair, but hope to be e;ccu8ed as it was only owing to my Delicacy in **« 1>«<1 not 
affecting the memory of the gentlemen who Fell, not conceiving it to that affair 
be of singular advantage to government, and knowing it would fix an 
Eternal Stigmy on others Characters, but as the Scale has turned to the 
amazement of many, I shall amediately collect every circumstance rela- 
tive to the whole affair for you perutial." ***** 
He begs the Governor not to listen to further complaints, and feels 
persuaded that if he knew "the true character of many of these gentle- 
men " that he would never refer to them again. Gives as apology for 
this remark, the zeal he has for the public interest, and the estimate he 
has of his goodness. Reforing again to the memorial from Fayette Co. 
he adds, it was "to cover their misconduct, and a prelude to a Maj'rs Real object 
Commission for a Triffle and a Col's for a person something more deserv- ®^ *^? 
ing, to the prejudice of a valuable man Mr. Swearingin, their former 
Major who had been absent for some time and was Dayly expected, 
which would have prevented their design, to my certain knowledge 
they now dread the Execution of what a few of them were deluded to 
pray for again, Col: Donoldson, who was last spring chairman of the q^] jjonal- 
Committee that endeavoured to subvert the Government and cost us soe »on at- 
much trouble to overset, since bearing an important Commission &c. 1,™^ ^jje 
* ♦ ** * * ♦ Government 



1782. Thos: Newton Jnb. to thb Govsrnor. 

Novem. 80th 
Richmond EnclosiDg return of census of Norfolk County including Norfolk 


Whites 5365— Blacks 3096. 

Noyem. 80th "City of Richmond, ss: 
RichmoDd This day personally appeated before me, one of 

John Mar- the Aldermen of the said City. John Marshall Esq'r, and took the Oaths 
shall Bworn ^f fidelity and a Privy Councellor as prescribed by Law. 

Certified under my Hand this thirtieth day of November 1782. 


Novem. 80th Resolution, providing for the payment of Officers & Privates of the 
Saturday, H. Army, belonging to Virginia late prisoners of war who may have been 
of Delegates exchanged, or escaped from confinement &c. 

"City of Richmond, ss: 
Novem. 80th This day personally appeared before me one of 

the Aldermen of the said City, Benjamin Harrison Esq*r, and took 
the oaths of fidelity and as Governor as prescribed by Law. 
Certified this thirtieth day of November 1782. 


Novem. 80th Geo: Rogers Clark to G^y: Harbison of Ya. 


Lincoln Co. Since the return of the Expedition, nothing of moment hath trans- 

^^' pired except that of an official account of Genl: Irwin's disappointment, 
the Country seems to Injoy perfect tranquility at present, how long it 
will remain so, time only will show, but I have reason to expect that the 
Enemy will be silant for some time. I had a great prospect of geting 
the post at the mouth of Licking, built and garrisoned by the Army on 
our Return, but found it would be exceedingly disagreable to them to 
be detained, if in my power, your Orders shall be executed, but how 
these posts are to be supplyed I cannot as yet conceive, nothing can 
be got on the credit of the states, the expenditures of Gov'nt for a con- 
siderable time being on private funds,.! have by disposing of some 
Lands that I was possessed of. Laid in a tolerable Store at the Falls : but if 
divided between three or four posts will be but trifling. I sometime 
past wrote to you on the subject of the specific Tax, and have Received 
Col: Davis (Davies) letter ordering that of Fyat (Payette) to be deliv- 


ered, which will ^d much to our store. I cant account for the reason 1782. 
why the other two counties should be excluded. I have heard of Com- KoTem. SOih 
missioners bein^ appointed for the collecting the Tax in districts, and 
have thought Col: Todd to have been appointed to this, as the Letters 
from the war-office mention'd his delivering of the whole Tax, but 
uncertain the countrey is so circumstanced at present that no draught 
from the Interior frontier will be necessary for some time, as the late 
enterprise will put the enemy in great confusion, except you should 
think of an e^^curtion against the Oubash nations in the Spring, which 
would finally prevent their making any powerfull attempt for some 
time, and perhaps silance near the whole in that Quarter, as proper 
speaches well timed divide their councils and keep them in confution. 
if you should think of puting any such thing in execution I shall yet 
Receive pleasure in making every preparatory stroke in my power 
before I leave the Countrey, which period I hope will be by the last of 
March, a^ the Commissioners have at last arrive and expect to do busi- 
ness with them as soon as I fix on some probable plan for Building, 
garisonlng and victualing the posts on the Ohio. 

I am D*r Sir, 

Tour H'ble Servant," 

General Return or Quarter Masters Stores at Fort Nelson. December 1st 

" Intrenching Tools Smiths' Tools Camp Equipage Fort Nelson 

Carpenters '' Boat Department 

Coopers " Waggon Department." 

List of Inhabitants of Sussex County. December 2d 

Whites 2923. Blacks 3696. Sussex Go. 

Col: Leroy Peachey, giving return &c. in regard to enlistmennts. December 2d 


The Governor required to lay before that House an Estimate of the December 2d 
current expenses of the ensuing year for the civil and military Depart- H. of Dele- 
ments — also of the Public Debt funded & unfunded Ac. ^*®* 


1782. Comm: Kidd, to Col: John Croppeb at Onancock Ac. 

December 8d Trusting to your Honor We have sent all the Prisoners that was 

wounded, as also the Prisoners that is Not Wounded, not Doubting but 
Comm. Kidd you will fulfill your agreement with Us in regard to the Wounded. And 

to Col. Crop- ^g ^^ ^|j^ Prisoners that are not Wounded We Do Expect all the men 
per in regard *^ 

to sending that was taken in the Jolly Tar, Comm'd by Capt: Brooks, and immea- 

prisoners &c. ^ietely to be Sent to Hog Island with a Flag to stay Our Comming. 

We remain Deer Sir 

with Friendship 

JOHN KIDD, Comm'd 

of the Fleet of British Barges. 

WM. A. PERRY, Comm^d | 

Peryorge. j 

Inventory op Ordnance Stores. 

December 3d 12 pieces of Artillery — large quantities of shot, shells, fuzes, Linstocks, 
Fort Nelson &c. — 4335 pounds good powder — 213 musquets, swords, pistols — large 
supply flints — and all the necessary appliances for a well ordered garri- 
son &c. 

December 8d Jos: JoNES AND J. Madison Jnr: to the Governor of Yirqinia. 

Philadelphia In reply — that to solicit a repayment or sale of powder from the maga- 
zines of the U. States would be impolitic — they had been informed that 
there were in Virginia* three hundred and thirty six barrels of loose 
powder and seventy of fixed ammunition, and that supplies should be 
sent as the emergency required them. The Sec: at War desired to bo 
informed as to the productiveness of the Lead mines in Va., intimating 
that perhaps powder might be exchanged for lead, with the State. 

They had deferred making any further purchases from private indi- 
viduals, prefering that the State should not be encumbered with a debt 
for stores, which should be borne by the U. States. Eather than annoy 
the Cher: de la Luzerne in regard to the direct importation of the stores 
from France to Virginia, they had thought it best to communicate with 
Mr. Morris, as to the chances of affecting that object, under his auspices: 
but it was uncertain how far this channel could be relied upon. 

* This part is in cypher, interpreted. 


Wm. Fleming to the Governor of Virginia. 1782. 

Decern. 4Ui 
When near seventy miles on his journey to that country when he Lincoln Co. 

received a letter from Mr. 6. Smith declining to serve on the Board, on 
this account able to fill the vacancy thus caused. He had not taken an 
escort from Washington Co., as authorized by his Excellency, but had 
ventured through the wilderness in rather a small party, and after 
twenty three days journey had arrived safely but done very little busi- 
ness. This was owing to the people having been out in the forces sent 
against the Shawanee Towns. The death and removal of many persons 
connected with the transactions in that Countv, into which the Com- 
missioners were to look, would retard the business very seriously. There 
was good reason to know that "the greatest abuses" had been com- 
mitted in that Department. The printed notices of the proposed meet- 
ing of this Board not having come to hand, he had caused written ones 
to be despatched to "the Dlinois" summoning Col: Le grass and others. 
Neither Mr. Bullock, Mr. Barbour, or Mr. Shannon were in that Country, 
on this account the business would be much delayed. Lindsay and 
Harrison being both dead, their papers were left in great confusion. 
He should probably have in his possession, when he returned papers of 
great value, and on this account desires a guard be fbrnished by the 
Commanding Officer of Lincoln County. 

Col: Joseph Holmes to . Decern. 4tb 

In reply to circular, &c. Up to that date "neither men nor money" Frederick 
had been procured. He had taken all necessary steps in carrying out 
the Law and should duly proceed against delinquents. 

List of Losses sustained by the Inhabitants of said County, during Decern. 5th 

several invasions of the British forces. Certified to, as having been Isle of 

examined and reported by, C^*^t^ 

George Pui*die Thomas Smith Losses by 

Thomas Pierce Wm. Hodsden ^^® Enemy 

Groodrich Wilson James Peden, 

as in the aggregate £35355. 12s. 3d. 

FKANCIS YOUNG, Dep: C. I. W. County. 



1782. Col: Gbo: Moftbtt to Col: Dxyum. 

Dtcem. 5th 
AugufiU Co. He and Col: Cameron had together collected in "District money" 

£312.17.3) but no recruits had been received by any of the Districts in 

that County. 

Decern. 5th 

Jno: Eobertson, Contractor) to Col: Davibs. 

Richmond Offering to contract to furnish supplies, of Pork, Liquor, flour ftc., for 
the Posts of York, Hampton, Portsmouth, Richmond A Point of Fork, 
at one shilling specie pr: ration, when delivered &c. 

Decern. 5th 

List of Inhabitaivts in said County. 

Isle of Whites 3,760— Blacks 2,948. Total 6,70a 

Wight Co. 

Decern. 6th Eesolutiona authorizing the Executive to restore the Lead mines to 
General their owners; and to make contracts in regard to the negro slaves 
Aflsembly owned by the State, and the lead on hand &c Also authorizing pay- 
ment to be made for the use and service of hired slaves &c. 

Decern. 6th 


Thos: Barclay to Gov: Harrison. 

Acknowledging receipt of his Excellency's letter of the 6th Septem- 
ber, enclosing his appointment of "Agent at the Court of France for 
the State of Virginia." He should at all times be happy to render any 
services to the State or to himself personally. He had also rec'd the 
letter relating to M. Penet, who had left Nantz and was then in Grer- 
many. To avoid the possibility of his (Penet's) abusing his Powers, he 
should advertise "in the Paris Gazette and other general papers" the 
appointment just received from the State of Virginia as her Sole Agent. 
He regrets to add, that by a letter from M. de Vergenncs, it would not 
be possible to negotiate a loan for the State, but this was not of much 
Consequence "as every thing seems to tend to peace." 


Col: Johm Croppse Jnr: to Col: Wm. Dayiis, pe: Major J. Pocxsoii. 1782. 

^ ^. Decern, eih 

« Dear Sir, 

On the 28th oltimo, I received a letter from Commodore Accomack 

Wallj, requesting a number of Militia to full man his fleet, in conse- ^ 

quence of his intention to attack the enemy's barges then off Onancock. 

In compliance with which request, on the 29th, I went on board his Battle of the 

fleet myself with twenty five volunteers of the Accomac Militia. On "^f* 

the 30th at the head of Cagey's Straits, we fell in with and engaged the At O^ej's 

enemy. When we approached them, within about three hundred yards, Stmts 

and the fire began to be serious, our barges all run away except the The Ameri* 

Commodore's (the Protector) in which was Major Smith Snead, Capt: *■" l"*f«* 

Tbos. Parker, Capt: William Snead. myself and five other volunteers. 

This dastardly conduct of our comrades, brought on our barge the The Protee- 

whole fire of the enemy, which was very severe, and it was as severely **^^iJ? 

answered by the Protector, untill the enemy's six barges were within ight akme 

fifty yards, when most unfortunately, the cartridges of our short 

eighteen pounders caught fire amidships; the explosion of which Sxpkwioii 

burned three or four people to death, caused five or six more all afire to 

leap overboard, and the alarm of the bargee blowing up made several 

others swim for their lives. The Enemy almost determined to retreat Bnemj aboot 

from our fire, as they told us afterwards, took new spirit at this disaster, ^^i^l^JJf 

and pushed up with redoubled fury. On the other hand our people Sxplceion 

opposed them with the most daring resolutions, there was one continual ^**'*"*^ 

shower of musket balls, boarding pikes, cutlasses, 'Cold shot and iron Desperate 

stantials for eight or ten minutes, till greatly overpowered by numbers, *^*'**"f •"^^ 

and having all the officers killed and wounded we struck to them, after the enemy 

having wounded their Commodore, killed one Captain, wounded another, 

killed and wounded several of their inferior officers, and killed and 

wounded fifteen of the Kidnapper's crew, the barge which first boarded 

UB. Commodore Wally was shot down, a little before the enemy xhe killed A 

boarded, acting the part of a cod intrepid gallant oflBcer. Capt: Joseph wounded &c. 

Handy fell nigh the same time nMy fighting with one arm, after the 

loss of the other. Capt: Levin Handy was badly wounded. There 

went to action in the Protector, sixty-five men; twenty-five of them 

were killed and drowned, twenty nine were wounded, some of which 

are since dead, and eleven only escaped being wounded, most of 

which had leaped into the water to save themselves from the explosion. 

At the foot you have a particular account of the loss sustained by the 

volunteers on board the Protector. 

After the surrender, I entered into an agreement with Commodore Amement 

Kidd, to take ashore such of his wounded as chose to go, and to have ^^^?" ' 

them nursed and attended at the publick expence, upon condition that 

he would parole all our prisoners as well the unhurt as the wounded, 

which agreement I hope will meet the approbation of his Excellency in 


1782. council, and the Assembly. Being very much disordered with my 
Decern. 6th wounds, I am scarcely able to write, therefore I beg leave to subscribe 

your most respectful Servant 


List of the Major Smith Snead was wounded w'th a cutlass in the head, a board- 
wounded & jn« pjijQ i„ ^Y^Q ^Yj^ |^„j ^ contusion of a cold shot on his body, 
their injuries ° * "^ 

&c. Capt. William Sncad was wounded in the head w'th a cutlass, and had 

his arm broke with a musket ball. 

Capt: George Christian was Killed with a musket ball. 

Mr. John Revell was wounded in the arm with a musket ball and in 
the head with a cutlass. 

Capt. Thos: Parker, Mr. Wm. Gibb, and Mr. FSvans escaped being 
wounded (probably) by leaping overboard at the alarm of the barge 
blowing up. 

Myself was wounded by a cutlass in the head, slightly by a pike on 
the face & thigh, slightly by a cutlass on the shoulder, and after the 
surrender, was Knocked down by a four pd: rammer, the blow of which 
was unfortunately near upon the same place where the cutlass hit. 

You will do me a most singular favor to excuse the sally I took in the 
barge, and have me exchanged as soon as possible. 

Yours affectionately 


Decern. 6th Thos: Towles TO Gov: Harrison. 

Praying the pardon of negro slave James, condemned to death for 
stealing twenty galls: brandy, by breaking into a c