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JANUARY 1, 1799, TO DECEMBER 31, 1807; 

Preserved in the Capitol, at Richmond. 




Secretary of the Commonwealth and State librarian. 




'} { 1-6 

Entered iic6)r'ding to an Act of Congreas, 


For the State of Virginia in tlie office of the Libmrian of Congrew at Washington. 

JAMES E. GOODE, Printbr. 


The student of Virginia history will find in the perusal of this, the ninth volume 
of the Calendar, much of a general nature that is interesting and instructive. 

Among other subjects will be found the following: Numerous reports of Major 
John Clarke, the State's supierintendent of the building of the Penitentiary, the 
Manufactory of Arms, and the Public Warehouse — all at Richmond; Clarke's efforts 
to procure artificers for Armory in the Northern States, and his superintendency of 
the operations thereof; the State's contract with Swan for the purchase of arms in 
Europe, and the result; contracts with sundry parties in the United States for manu- 
facturing arms; organization of the Militia; the murder of the De Teubeuf family; 
the Gabriel insurrection; the trials and execution of his coadjutors, and accounts 
of other insurrections: measures taken for establishing the boundary lines with 
Maryland, North Carolina, and Kentucky ; impressment of American seamen by 
the British naval commanders; conduct of the British Government — firing upon 
the United States frigate Chasapeake (Ca])tain Barron) l)y the British ship Leopard 
(Captain Humphries), off the Capes of Virginia, in 1807; feeling excited through- 
out Virginia thereby; conduct of Mayor and citizens of Norfolk; President Jeffer- 
son's proclamation on the occasion ; correspondence between the Governor and other 
officers of Virginia; the Secretary of State of the United States and commanders 
of the British squadron, concerning conmiunication with the British Consul at Nor- 
folk; the surrender of impressed seamen and runaway slaves harbored on board 
their ships; general anticipation of war with England, and preparations therefor. 

BalendaF of State Japer^. 

Wm. Davies to the Governor. 

Recommending Major De Klauman as Major Commandant of Arsenals 171M). 
oontemplated to be established by the State. PetereburK 

Official l^nd of William Berkele}' for One Million of Dollars as 
Treasurer of Virginia for one year from the time of his ai)pointuient, 
and from thence until the end of the session of the CJeneral Assembly 
next after the expinition of that period. 

Jan. 4 

The General Assembly elects John B. Scott, Esq., Brigadier-General of 
the 11th Brigade of Militia, in the room of George Carrington, Escj., 

In the HorsE of Delhxiates, 
Moufliiy, Jantiari/ 7l/i, 1709. 

Resolved, That the Executive be requested to state to this House the 
total amount of arms distributed by them in the various parts of this 
Commonwealth from the Arsenal at the Point of Fork, speeifying in 
such statement the places ta which the said arms have been sent and the 
number of arms to each place. 


John Stewart, ('. H. 1). 

Jan. 5 

Jan. 5 

Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

I have the honor to enclose a statement of the ])ublic arms issued to 

the Militia in pursuance of the orders of the Ex^utive, and beg leave to 

refer you (aa the best report which can now be made of their present 

mtuation) to sundry letters received from the commandants of Regiments 


Jan. 9, 




1799. for whose use they have been issued and to whose care they have been 

Jan. 9, confided 
Council connaea. 

Office The arms in the statement marked thus t have been nearlv all 

returned and forwarded to the Point of Fork in order to tlieir being 
repaired, but the vouchers for the numbers returned being in the hands 
of those who have returned them, and the obligations of those who have 
received them to return the whole when called for, being retained in this 
office as a means to that end, I cannot at this moment ascertain the 
precise number which remains to be returned. I believe that Captain 
William Giles has vouchers to shew that those which are stated to have 
been issued to him were deposited at Winchester on his return from the 
Western Expedition. 

In the enclosed statement after those said to be issued to Captain Wil- 
liam Richardson on the 6th of August, 1798, 1 am not informed whether 
those which follow have been issued or not, there being no voucher in 
the office to prove the delivery. Those to Captains Mason and Nelson 
advised the 20th of July, 1794, I believe were never issued. 

I beg leave to remind you that three thousand stand of the State's 
arms were loaned to the United States on the Western Expedition. 

I have, &c. 

Jan. 11 The Deposition of Adam Sutherlin of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 

given in Davidson County in Tennessee, as to the stealing by John Fallen 
of the Cherokee Country, on the night of the 24th of September last, of 
a negro man : and that on pursuing the said Fallen, he found him at Fort 
Massack on the Ohio, with his negro and the negro of W^illiam Coleman, 
and other property believed to have been stolen. 

Bond of Adams Sutherlen taken in Davidson County Tennessee, before 
Thomas Talbot a Justice of said county, in the penalty of ^vg hundred 
dollars to prosecute John Fallen, committed to the New District goal this 
day in the Courts of that State, for stealing negroes and other property. 

William Herbert, President of the Bank of Alexandria, to 

THE Governor. 

Jan. 17 Forwards a statement of the condition of said Bank at the expiration 

^ of the last year. 

John Taylor Oilman to the Governor. 

Jan 19 

£xeter[ I ani honored with your Excellency's letter of the 28th of December, 

„ New enclosing sundry Resolutions of your Legislature, relative to certain 
Ham psii ire 


measures of the General Government, wliich you re(iue8t me to com- 1799. 
municate to the Legislature bf this State. Exeter ^New 

Our Legii*lature concluded their session on the 28th ult'o, and do not Hampshire 
expect to meet again until the annual election in June, unless some extra- 
ordinary circumstances should make it necessary for the Executive to con. 
vene them ; at their next session the Resolutions will of course be laid 
before them. 

With great respect, I am, &c. 

Jonathan Trumbull to the (Governor. 

I have the honor of your Excellency's letter of the 28th ult., enclosing Jan. 21, 
the Resolutions of your General Assembly relative to the measures of Connecticut 
the General CJovemment, 

Altho' deeply regretting that sentiments such as are expressed in the 
mentioned Resolutions arc adoi)ted by our elder sister, I will take the 
first o[>portunity to lay them before the General Assembly of this State 
for their observation and consideration. 

I nmst, however, observe that it is probable our Legislature will not 
be in session until May next. 

With respectful regard, I am, &c. 

Certificate of Miles Selden of administering the oath of office as mem- Jan. 23 
l>ers of the Privy Council to John Allen and John White, Escpiires. 


The Virginia Delegates in Congress to the Governor. 

The unfortunate death of Mr. Tazewell, which is this moment an- Jan. 24, 
nounced, appears to us of so much importance to the State that we have ^^{f;^ 
thought it our duty to communicate the intelligence in the most expedi- 
tirms way ]>ossible, and have therefore engaged the bearer to deliver this 
letter in the shortest i>o8sible time. We hoi)e the importance of giving 
this melancholy intelligence before the rising of the Assembly, will justify 
our incurring the exj>enge of carrying it in behalf of the State. 

We have the honor, &c. 

Richard Brent, Jos. Eggleston, James Machie, J. Dawson, Samuel J. 
Cabell, John Nicholas, Carter B. Harrison, David Holmes, Josiah Parker, 
Matthew Clay, John Trigg, Abram Trigg, WaltV Jones, John Clopton, 
Ab'in R Venable. 

The l>earer has received SKK). 


Thomas Jefferson to the Governor. 

1799. In obedience to an instruction from the Senate of the United States, I 

Phiiadei- **^ ^ gerform the melancholy office of informing you that the Honour- 
phia able Henry Tazewell, late a Senator of the U. S. from Virginia, de[)arted 
this life on this day. This is not a place in which I am permitted to 
indulge those reflections which the loss of so able and virtuous a publick 
servant naturally suggests. It rests with you, sir, to make that use of 
this information which is necessary for sup[»lying his place as speedily 
as may be in the Senate of the U. S. 

I have, <fec. 

Congress of the United States, 

In Senate, January the 24th, 1799. 
On motion — 

Resolved, That the President of tlie Senate notify the Executive of 

Virginia of the death of the Honorable Henry Tazewell, late Senator of 

that State for the United States. 


Sam. a. Otis, Secretary. 

As the above came by express, who expects compensation, I re<iuest 

the Board to meet this morning, 11 o'clock. 

J. Wood. 
Wednesday morning. 

Jan. 24 The General Assembly elects. John Brown, Escj., a Brigadier-General of 

the Brigade com[>osed of the counties of Hampshire, Hardy, and Pen- 

Jan. 24 The General Assembly elects John Preston, Esq., a Brigadier-General 

of the Brigade comiX)sed of the counties of Wythe, Montgomery, and 

J. Preston to tub Executive. 

Jan. 26 . The Honorable appointment which the Assembly of Virginia has con- 
ferred on me, and which has been comnmnicated by your board to me 
by inclosing the commission, I accept. While I do it, it is with the 
utmost diffidence, founded on an apprehension that my abilities nor ex- 
perience are neither equal to tlie task of discharging the duties attached 
to that office. 


The acceptance, Gentlemen, of the commission of Brigadier, makes it 1799. 
proper that I should resign my command of the third Regiment of artii- ^^^' ^^ 
lery in this State. This I now do, and trust this vacancy will be filled 
b}' some Gentleman whose character merits that office. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Arch'd Woods and Wm. McKinly to the Governor. 

Petitioning in the name and on behalf of the militia of Ohio and Jan. 28 
Brook Counties that the militia of those counties should be divided into 
two Regiments, separated by the dividing line between the counties. 

J. Evans to the Governor. 

Petitioning for a division of the militia of Monongalia county by lines Jan. 28 
(lei5eril>ed in a petition heretofore sent. 

Also for a full troop of Cavalry for that county, the troop now allotted, 
being divided between the counties of Ohio, Harrison, and Monongalia. 

The Commissioned and Non-commissioned officers of the Seventieth Jan. 29 
Regiment of Militia in the County of Washington, petition for a division 
of the said Regiment into two Regiments, there being a sufiicient num- 
ber of men in that county for two such as the Law prescribes. 

John Stewart to the Governor. 

The Keeper of the Rolls in obedience to the order of the Honorable Feb. 4 
the Executive, has [)repared copies of such papers as could be taken from 
originals deposited in the office of the General Assembly, and transmits 
them therewith. 

The Amendments to the Constitution of the United States, and the 
Acts of Congress known by the name of the " Alien and Sedition Acts," 
not being found among the Records in the Office, cannot he furnished, or 
if procured elsewhere could not be certified. 

The former will be found in the third volume of the late edition of the 
Laws of Congress, Folio 454 — ^and the latter among the Acts passed at 
the same session of the Fifth Congress of the United States, Folio 42 and 

It is submitted to the Honorable the Executive, the propriety of 
making such comi)ensation for the performance of this work, as in their 
judgment shall seem just 



Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

1799. By order of the Directors of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, call- 

Norfolk ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ subscription for money to carry on the work. 

Feb. 24, 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Inclosed your Excellency will receive the proceedings of, 
agreeable te your directions. 

I have great hopes by next Xmas that a road will be finished through 
the whole of the Dismal, and that the cuts for the canal will meet so as 
to admit of a communication partially, that will shew the utility of the 
work and convince those who have considered it impossible to effect. 
The directors have contracted with gentlemen in Carolina for cutting half 
the width of the canal through the whole way, which was not before 
contracted for, being about five miles, and to finish the road, that a gen- 
eral i)assage may be opened, so that any person may undertake a small 
or large distance, as may suit their force to compleat the whole work. 

Yesterday morning a fire broke out in the lower part of this place by 

the carelessness, it is said, of a woman leaving a candle in a garret, which 

caught some cloathes and set the roof on fire, by which about 70 houses 

were destroyed and leaves a number of distressed people. The liames 

were so rapid that much property was destroyed, and with the greatest 

exertions it was stopped in the square called Nock's Town, and part of 

another square adjoining Commerce street; so that from Commerce street 

to Tucker's lotts, and from Main street to Walters street, is destroyed, and 

not less than six or seven hundred persons deprived of lodgings in this 

inclement season. 

I am, &c. 

Feb. 25, 

B. II. Latrobe to the Governor. 

Acknowledging receipt of the Governor's letter, urging his return to the 
work of the Virginia Penitentiary ; giving as his reasons for his long 
absence, the engagements he had entered into with the Bank of Pennsyl- 
vania, and also with the city water-works, but promising a speedy return. 
Advising the employment of a superintendent or clerk of the works, as 
indispensable to an economical and successful prosecution of the works, 
which the age and infirmities of Mr. Thos. Callis disqualifies him for, 
and recommending Mr. William Callis as eminentl}' fitted for it by the 
experience acquired in his service. 

Also sending specific directions for the Bricklayers of the l^enitentiary 


At a Ck)urt held for Greenbrier county the 26th day of February, 1799. 
171)9: ^^^'^ 

On motion of John Stewart, Colonel of the 79th Regiment of Militia, 
informed the Court that the late division of this count}' has reduced the 
said Regiment to one Battalion only; in con^ecjuence whereof he hath 
signified that he has resigned his office, w^hich is ordered to be certified 
to his Excellency the Governor, that such arrangements may be made as 
he shall think proper and necessary. 

A copy — Teste: 

John Stewart. 

John Stewart to Major White. 

I am requested to enclose to your care, the within order by the jKJople Feb. 27, 
of Monroe County, who I believe is more divided than when they was in Qauntv^'^ 
this County with the people on our side. Mr. Hutchison their favorite, 
has come home, amply provided to secure himself the (lerk's Office; This 
has give great offence to an expecting party, as not less than three or four 
more were waiting, and a loud outcry against the poor fellow for provid- 
ing for himself and reconnncnding his old father Wm. Hutchison, who 
was removed to Kanawha near a year ago, but expected to return to 
accept hii$ seat as Judge of the Court. I think from all appearances they 
will soon be wanting to divide again. I sincerely congratulate you on 
your late appointment, and believe I am with great respect, &c. 

N. B. — Since I wrote the above I have been requested to inform you 
that Alexander Handly and Byrnside, all live joining in sight of one 
another — indeed I think its no great wonder the people grumble. 

At a Court held for Greenbrier County, the 26th day of February, 1799. Feb. 27 
Present: William Morrow, Samuel Price, Thonuis Eagar, Charles 
Arbuckle and Wm. Craig, Gent. 

A petition from sundry inhabitants of the new county called Monro, 
was presented in court, praying that this Court would recommend some 
persons in the town end of said County, to be added to the new commis- 
sion of the ]>eace for said County. On consideration whereof, the Court 
doth recommend Christian Peters, James Ellis, William Maddy and Mich- 
ael Thisenger to his Excellency the Governor, as proi>er persons to be 
added to the said commission, and it's ordered that the said petition 
accompany this recommendation. 

A copy — Teste: 

John Stewart, C. 


Feb. 27 


Deposition of John Arbuckle acting Sheriff of Greenbrier County, 
taken before William Morrow a Justice of the Peace for said County, the 
27th day of February, 1799, testifying as to the character and conduct of 
William Hutchison, l9.te of Kanawha county, who while sh'ff in 1791 
and 92, committed an offence against the laws of the Commonwealth, in 
consequence of which he is charged with absconding to another county. 

Philip Slaughter and Henry Hill to the Governor. 

March 10 Recommending Major Robert Powell, of Madison county, for appoint- 
ment of Superintendent of Arsenal contemplated by act of 23rd January, 

Moses Bates to the Executive. 

March 11, Urging to have the work done by him under his contract measured by 
Richmond ^j^. ^^^^^ ^ j^^ g^ ^^ 

March 17 

Archibald Thwbatt to the Governor. 

On the — day of December, 1798, Mr. Maclin was appointed and 
commissioned coroner of Brunswick county and entered upon the execu- 
tion of the duties of his office. In a few weeks afterwards, he accepted 
of the office of an assistant assessor under the Act of Congress. 

The Act of Assembly passed on the 8th day of December, 1788, 
declares that a person holding a legislative, executive, judicial, or lucrative 
office under the General Government sliall not hold a like office under 
the State Government (see the Act at large). 

It is asked, first, whether Mr. Maclin can hold both of the above offices, 
and secondly, if he cannot hold them both, did his acceptance of the 
office of assessor supersede and annul his commission as coroner; or can 
he resign the office of assessor and continue Coroner without being a^ain 

I consider the office of assistant assessor as a lucrative office, because 
the Act of Congress creating it annexes a fixed compensation. At the 
first view, it would seem from the Act of Assembly that ineligibility or 
incapacity to take or hold a State office of the description mentioned in 
the Act can only arise in one way : that is, by holding an office of the 
like kind under the General Government in the first instance; as if a 
man be a judge or marshal under the General Government, the appoint- 
ment of the same man to the office of judge or sheriff" under the State 
Government, I apprehend, would be void ; or in the present case, if Mr. 
Maclin had been assessor in the first place, and was afterwards appointed 



and commissioned as coroner, his authority as coroner would be void. 
But on further consideration, it appears that the mischief of holding 
offices at the same time under both Governments would not be remedied 
unless the Act of Assembly extends to the present.. or unless no regard is 
paid to the jmrticular time of taking the Federal office — as if a man be 
a judge under the State Government, and is then appointed to the office 
of judge under the Federal Government. I am inclined to think that 
his acceptance of the latter office would vacate the former. Therefore 
Mr. Maclin by the acceptance of the office of assessor, virtually superceded 
and annulled his commission as coroner, and consequently the resigna- 
tion of the office of assessor will not enable him to act as coroner under 
the old commission. As I am not clear, I would advise Mr. Maclin (as 
he wishes to hold the office of coroner) to resign both offices and obtain 
a new commission as coroner. 

I am of opinion that Mr. Maclin by accepting the office of assessor 

has vacated his office of Coroner. 

Dan. Call. 


March 17 

John Mayo and John White, Com., to the Governor. 

The Committee of the Executive ap[)ointed to visit and examine the March 18 
state of things at the Arsenal at the Point of Fork, refK)rt that tfiey have, 
in discharge of the duty assigned them, been to that post, and after a 
strict enquiry can find no grounds on which to' found a belief tliat the 
information contained in an anonymous letter lately addressed to the 
Governor is true. 

They find, as far as they can judge, the Superintendent attentive to 
hip duty and faithful to his trust. The soldi(;rs forming the guard are 
well clad, and your committee is informed the mode adopted to obtjiin 
the clothing is by purchasing the cloth in Richmond and having it made 
into suits at the Barracks — the latter of which is done by a tailor who 
forms one of the guard. 

They find 10 women are sujjplied with rations at Public expense, all 
of whom are well deserving that l>onnty from the hands of their Ci)un- 
trv; and the connnittee beg leave to suggest their opinions that to extend 
the same indulgence to the wives of the two Sergeant.s of the Guard 
(Maddox and Perry) would be both proper and just, as they are in indi- 
gent circumstances, and the one a mother of 4, the other to 5, small chil- 
dren. The committee finds there arc at the Post two Suttlers (Dawson, 
the amtractor for the delivery of the rations, and a man of the name of 
Dillard), and they are informe<l by the Superintendent that the difficulty 
be found in checking the soldiers from rambling off to Columbia, for the 
purpose of obtaining supplies of liquor, induced him to extend this in- 
dulgence to the above persons, with the condition of withdrawing it if 

. 2 



March 18 

March 18, 

any disorder was permitted. The committee finds also that Dawson, 
the Contractor, has delivered to the soldiers salt pork and bacon suffi- 
cient to 8up])ly their rations up to the Ist of July next, and are told that 
there is no discontent either on the subject of payments (which are made 
regularly and quarterly), rations, or cloathing. 

The committee were well pleased to find the arms which had been 
repaired, in good order, and that in addition to the number returned by 
the Superintendent at the last quarterly- return, there are 367 muskets 
repaired, oiled, and put away. The artificers are still engaged in the 
same business. 

The committee, however, find that the Picketing so long since ordered 
by the Board is still incomplete, not quite fths of it being done; but on 
enquiry, discover that blame attaches to the contractor (a Mr. Wells), 
and not to the Superintendent. 

This man Wells the CJommittee saw, and urged in the most pressing 
manner the necessity of an immediate fulfilment of his engagement, 
which he promised with an assurance that nothing but the inclemency 
of the weather had retarded it till now. 

The committee has also made the necessary enquiries respecting a 
birth at the Arsenal for Daniel Davis, but find none that would proba- 
bly suit him ; besides, they beg leave to observe that as several old ser- 
vants of the Public, who have been discharged from there, are repre- 
sented to be fully competent to this business of making the tools for the 
manufactory at Richmond, and as they are anxious to return to Public 
Service, that it would be no more than justice to give them a ])reference 
over any new applicant. 

Wm. Hay to the Governor. 

At the time the late Beverly Randolph, Esq., was Governor, the Plans 
and Drawings of the Capitol and the Public Prison, which were sent 
from Paris by Mr. Jefferson, were delivered to him, and were by him 
transmitted in a tin case to the Directors of the Public Buildings in the 
Federal city. Since that time I have never seen them. 

P. S. — If the plans were now here I fear they would afford no light 
about the situation and construction of the flues. They were contrived 
and arranged as the work went on, and 1 think that Mr. Dobie ought to 
communicate to the Council all he knows about them, for he was paid 
for his services at that day. 

March 22 The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Reuben George, Dr. 

To 92,(KX) feet of plank and scantling delivered at the Peniten- 
tiary, for the use of said building, at £6.12.5|, - - - £609.8.1 




By cash at sundry times, 
" Bal. due, 


March 22 

Honorable Sir: 

The above statement is just. 

Tnos. Callis. 
March 22nd, 1799. 

Gentlemen : 

Please pay to Mr. Smith Blakey four hundred and forty dollars 

on account of the above, and his receipt shall be good against your 

humble ser\'ant. 

Rkuben George. 
The Governor and Council of Virginia. 

March 22d, 1799. 

Stephen Temple to the Governor. 

Forwarding such returns as he could obtain of the strength of the 
several companies of Light Infantry of the 62n(l Regiment, of which he 
was the Lieutenant Colonel. 

Certificate of Ensign William Parham, of the 62nd Regiment, as to 
the men raised by him for a company of s'd Regiment on the expecta- 
tion of his obtaining the Captaincy of said company. 

Rfttmi of the Strenf/th of Lieut, James Rive^i^ TAfjlit Infantri/ Company, in 
thf 2ihI BaWdion of th^ 62nd RegH of Afilitia, of Prince George County, 

I do certify that the company of Light Infantry under my command, 

was raised in the fall of 1794 and was kept under the command of ('apt. 

Wni. (^U until his removal to Mecklenburg county in the spring of 1798, 

and has since been kept up and strengthened by the residing officers, and 

the quota of my enlistment is as follows: Sixteen men that formerly 

belonged to the company on the 19th of May, 1798, and five recruits 


James Rives, Lieut. 
January 12th, 1799. 

I do certify that the above return, with the certificate thereunto an- 
nexed, was made to me by Lieut. James Rives. 

Stephen Temple, 
Lieut. Col. Comm't 62nd Regiment. 

At a Brigade CourtrMartial held at Prince George Court-IIouse on 
Thursday, the 7th day of March, 1799, for the trial of a charge brought 
by Ensign William Parham against Lieut. James Rives for furnishing a 

March 23 



March 23 

false return of the strength of the company of Light Infantry com- 
manded by him, the unanimous sentence of acquittal was pronounced 
by the Court. 

John Guarrantv to the Governor. 

March 23, Certifies to the delivery in good order by Capt. John Tinsley, of five 
Arsenal hundred and twenty-six cartridge-boxes, made by him according to con- 
tract and deposited in the Arsenal. 

March 24 

Robert Brooke to the Governor. 

I am informed l)y Mr. Tliruston, Escheator for the County of Frede- 
rick, that some time early in the last winter, it was advised by the 
Executive that Gen. Marshall, Mr. Ilandol[)h, and myself should acivise 
him with respect to the claims of the Commonwealth to the real estate 
of the late Bryan Martin, which was by him devised for the benefit of 
aliens, and was supposed ui>on that ground to be escheatable. I have 
upon the information of Mr. Thruston given him my opinion on the 
subject, but Gen. Marshall considers himself engaged for Martin's family, 
and I believe Mr. Rimdolph waits to hear fn)m the Executive, as he 
informed me he had no official communications on the subject. 

Mr. Thruston presses me very much to attend his in([uest, which is to 
taken on the 16th of the next month at Winchester, but this I presume 
cannot be considered as making a part of my ex-officio duty, nor could 
I comi)ly with the request without incurring much expense and occa- 
sioning no inconsiderable inconvenience. 

I have the honor, (fee. 

Geo. Wheeler to A. Blair. 

March 2G, Offering to contract to manufacture 1,5(X) stand of arms (Gun and 
Falmouth Bayonet) within 12 months at $13 40. 

G. Deneale, Alex'r Smith, Thos. Rogerson, and Many Citizens 

OF Alexandria, to the Governor. 

March 27, Petitioning for a division of the Sixtieth Regiment of the Militia of 
exanaria pa^jpfj^x county, so as to give one Regiment, to be composed of one com- 
pany of Riflemen and five additional companies for the Town of 
Alexandria. The County Court of Fairfax to make the necesvsary nomi* 
nation of olticers. 



Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. 

It appears on the Journal of the Executive, under date of the 29th of 
December, '87, that under a resolution of the General Assembl}' of the 
20th of that month and year, arms, &c., were distributed as follows: 

To the county of Monongalia 100 stands, Harrison 50, Ohio 150, Ran- 
dolph 50. Total, 350. 

That the above arms were sent from the [)ublic Arsenal at the Point of 

Fork to Morgan Town. 

I have the honor, <tc. 

Man;h 28 

Philip Slaughter to the Governor. 

Recommending Pliilip Lightfoot for a Lieu tenan toy, to be stationed at March 28 
the Arsenat contemplated to {ye established in Culpeper, Orange, or Mad- 

Madison (-ounty, April 6th, 1799. 
Dear Sir: 

I ofTer myself as a candidate for the Lieutenant's place to take 
care of the Arsenal to be erected in the county of Culpeper or Orange, if 
the vacancy is not filled up. I should be very glad to receive the a[)i)oint- 
menty as I am very well acquainted with the duty of a soldier, as I 
served regular during the war. So doing yoir'll oblige me. 

Yours, il'c. 

At a Court of Directors held at the Hospital in Williamsburg, for the March 28 
maintainance and care of persons of unsound mind the 28th day of 
March, 1799. 

John Minson Gait, Philip Barrand and Matthew Anderson are recom- 
mended to the Executive as fit persons to be commissioned as members 
of this Court, in the room of Nathaniel Burwell who hath removed, 
William Terince who hath also removed, and Richard Randol])h deceased ; 
and in case of the refusal of either of the persons above named, to act 
under such commission, this Court doth recommend T^Uoy Andei-son as 
a fit person to be commissioned. 


Will. Russell, C. C. D. 

8th Month, 9th, 1799. 

John Harxne and Geo. Winston wishes the Executive to order all the 
bricks now laid in Penitentiary, and made under the Contract of 1798 to 
be counted. 

March 28 



March 31 

Certificate of W. H. Cavendish that while serving as a member of the 
General Assembly from Greenbrier Co., in 1796, in company with John 
Hutchison, he did draw up a bill for the assessing the Lands of Green- 
brier, Kanawha and Randolph, which bill was passed: but subserjuently 
finding that owing to the conduct of the (Commissioners, that great injus- 
tice was being done to the inhabitants of those counties, and that the law 
was in part unconstitutional, did last session draw another bill for repeal- 
in those parts of the said Act of 1796, which bill passed the Town House 
of Assembly, but was rejected in the Senate. Therefore the law of 1796 
still remains in force, which law cannot be executed with justice accord- 
ing to the expression of said act. 

Given under my hand 28th March, 1799. 

W. H. Cavendish. 

Maroh 31 

To each of the Counties of the State the Governor sent by Express, 
according to the Resolution of the General Assembly of Januar}' 22nd, 
1799, copies of the documents therein specified. 

March 31, 

Afarch Covrt, 1799. 
Present : Twelve Justices. 

The Clerk presented to the Court a packet i*eceived from the Executive 
of Virginia, addressed to the Justices of Fairfax, containing sundry Reso- 
lutions of the General Assembly in the nature of an Address to the Peo- 

\Vhereupon it is Resolved, That the Court of Fairfax County, conceiv- 
ing themselves appointed for the purpose of executing the Laws and to 
do impartial Justice to all and every class of men, think it highly improper 
in them to have anything to do with either party in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, either by distributing their Resolutions or addresses. 

Knowing this to be their duty, they return to the Executive of this 
State the several printed pamphlets directed to them, and the Court do 
order their Clerk to inclose them directed to the Governor and Council, 
and to be sent to Richmond by the first safe opportunity. 

A Copy — Teste: 

G. Deneale, Crk. 

April 1, 

Rob't Quarles to the Governor. 

Inclosing the usual Quarterly Return of arms and military stores at 
the arsenal, with pay-roll and account current with Arsenal, showing 
bal. on hand of £16.12.10. 

Also asking for a sight of an annonymous letter containing derogatory 
insinuations against his reputation. 


Quarterly Return of Arnia mid MiliUiinj Stores at the Point of Fork Arsenal 

A^wil 1st, 1799, 

1 16-Inch Brass Mortar, 1 Brass 6-poundor, 7078 muskets in good 1799. 
order, 798 muskets with unground Bayonets, 900 Artillery and Grenidier aS^^^i 
Swords, 7 Barrels of Gun Powder, 40 Pigs of Lead, 180 Canister Shot, 
260 Cannon shot from 4 to 6 Pounders, 80 Rheams of cartridge paper, 
18 Bbls. of Flints, 1650 Pounds of Buck Shot and BaU. 

The work of this Quarter: 

498 Muskets cleaned, oiled, and put away; 324 Bayonets ground. 

The Connnonwealth of Virginia, 

To John Atkinson, Dr. 

For going Express with publick Dispatches to the counties in April 1 

the route to Ohio, riding 920 miles at 7^d. per mile, - - $ 95 84 

To Ferriages, 171 

" Extra horse hire and feeding 36 days at 6s. per day, - 36 00 

$133 55 
By Cash rece'd at the Treasury, - - - - - - 50 00 

Bal. Due J. A., $83 55 

April 3rd, 1799. 

On consideration of the Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Town April 4, 
of Alexandria, It is advised that the 60th Regiment of the Militia of ^" Council 
this Commonwealth be Divided, and that the said Town of Alexandria 
form a complete Regiment of two Battalions, to consist of four com- 
panies to each Battalion, which Regiment is to be Numbered (106). All 
the officers now holding commissions in the 60th Regiment, resident 
within the limits of the Town, to retain their respective ranks and Com- 
mand, and are to be transferred to the 106th Raiment. 

The Corporation Court of Alexandria are requested to nominate pro- 
per ]»erBons as Field officers, Captains, and subalterns to fcfuppiy all defi- 
ciencies of officers for the Command of the Regiment, and of officers to 
command a flank Ck>mpany to each Battalion, to be denominated either 
I^ht Infantry, Grenidiers, or Riflemen, and that the County Court of 
Fairfax be requested to cause the 60th Regiment to be formed into two 
Battalions, and to nominate to the Executive proper persons to supply 
the vacancies occasioned by the Division of the Regiment. 


1799. Petition of Andrew Trouin, Lewis Rivalain, Miller Lester, and sundry 

April 4 other citizens of Richmond for the pardon of Janet Paul, a free mulatto 
woman, convicted in the Court of Richmond of Robhery of the house of 
Andrew Trouin. Her previous good character offered in plea for her. 

Samuel C. Eddins to the Governor. 

April 4 Soliciting a pardon of William Clarke, a soldier, convicted of a felony 

and condemned to be burnt in the hand. Pardon is asked on the plea 
of good conduct in the Western Army and the small value of the 
property involved. 

Meriwether Jones to the Governor. 

April 6 The bearer, Peter Paul, who solicits a pardon for his wife for commitr 

ting (if she is at all guilty) a venial offence, is, altho' a black man, an 
extremely meritorious character. 

When the massacre of the whites in St. Domingo took place, the fellow 
by his fidelity, saved the life of his master, and thereby procured his 
emancipation; and so high doas he stand in my estimation, that I should 
be inclined to pardon his wife for a more heinous offence, because I 
believe the honor of the husband, if convinced of her error, would be 
the best security for her good behaviour. 

I hope you will excuse this application. The poor fellow thinks it 
may have some effect, and I could not refuse to contribute my aid 
towards his relief. 

I am, with respect, &c. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

April 7, I some time ago inclosed your Excellency the proceedings of the 

Norfolk (directors of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, recjuesting me to draw 
for the State's quota of the requisition called for by the first of this 
month. W^e are now in great want, for the reasons I then assigned, and 
if your Excellency will please to send down a warrant on the Treasury 
for the $1000 payable to me, I can make it answer here as well a*s cash, 
and save the risque of bringing money down. Capt. V^aughan, from this 
place, will be a good hand to send it down by ; or if it is given Mr. James 
Heron, it will answer the purpose as well, as he is coming down. 

Gen. Lee, when Governor, took possession of a piece of land belonging 
to me to erect Fort Nelson, which was worth at least thirty pounds a 
year. At the instance of the Secretary of War for the United States to 


Captain Blackburn, it has been valued by Capt. B.'s appointment of Col. 
Byrd, and my appointment of Mr. Baylor Hill, at £5(K), and I cannot 
get the least satisfaction either for rent or valuation, which I suppose 
may arise from an Act of last Congress, allowing (iach State tlie power of 
laying out what money is due the U. S. in fortifications, &c. I shall be 
exceedingly obliged to your Excellency for information whether my con- 
jectures are right, as I should be as well satisfied with a payment here 
as from the U. S. 
I pray you excuse this trouble and believe me, yours, &c. 



April 7, 

Balance in the Treasury, 

Deduct $1,(XX) on account of 20 new shares in the 
Dismal Swamp Canal, which has been callctl for 
by the Directors; this is not yet paid, - - $1,000 

The Apjxjmattox Canal Company will likewise, I 
am informed, require another payment, say - 2,()00 

$25,760 68 

3,000 00 
$22,760 m 

W. Berkeley. 

April 8, 

A petition of numerous citizens of Mecklenburg county for the pardon 
of two negro men named George and Jack, the property of Elijah Graves, 
convicted in the Court of said county of the murder of their master, the 
m{\ Graves, for which another negro man named Nathaniel had also 
been convicted by said Court and executed ; the evidence on the trial 
having failed to show any further particii)atioii in the murder by George 
and Jack than their helping to conceal the body. 

Aj)ril 8 

Charles Cameron to tub Governor. 

Informing of the death of John Oliver, Escj., Sherifl' of Bath county; 
suggesting that another be apiK)inted in time for the May term of the 

Mrs. Alice McClintic, heretofore on the list of Pensioners, has been 
omitted for the year 1798; desires to know if intentionally. 

April i), 
Bath Ca}, 

April ./, 1700. 

Application of Henry Bell, of Madison, for appointnient jus Superin- 
tendent of Arsenal contemplated to be established by the StaUi. 




Jambs Madison, Philip Slaughter and Geo. C. Taylor to the 


1799. Recommending Henry Bell, of Madison county, for appointment as 

P" Superintendent of an Arsenal contemplated to be established by the State. 

H. Caperton to the Governor. 

April 12, Remonstrating against the right of William Hutchison to act as a 
Richmond magistrate in Monroe county, he having taken up his residence in 
Kanawha county. 

April 16, 

E. Carrington to the Governor. 

Recommending Captain James Spears, of Cumberland county, who is 
endeavoring to procure arms for his company of Light Infantry, as 
entirely trustworthy. 

April 17 I, John Taylor, of the county of Caroline and State of Virginia, do 

hereby certify that Leroy Hipkins (whom I have heard for some time 

past had been pressed on board a British vessel of war) is the son of a 

widow lady who is my near neighbor; that I knew his father before he 

was married, and am well acquainted with the families both of his father 

and mother, and that both of them were Virginians, as is also the said 

Leroy. I also certify that I have this day seen a letter from the said 

Leroy Hipkins to his mother, dated at Port Royal in Jamaica, whence it 

appears that the said Leroy Hipkins is now on board the Stork, British 

sloop-of-war, that he is detained against his will, and soliciting his friends 

to forward him certificates in order to obtain a discharge, and that, from 

certain references to his connections here in this letter, it indisputably 

appears that the writer who subscribes himself " Leroy Hipkins " is the 

same person as above spoken of. 

John Taylor. 
April 12th, 1799. 

Certificates to the facts stated by John Taylor, signed by numerous 
citizens of Caroline county, herewith filed. 

G. Denbale to the Governor. 

April 17, Your favor inclosing the order of the Executive of the Eleventh Inst 

Ale^candria ^^ duly received and in complyance therewith, you will receive inclosed 

the order of the Court alluded to. The pamphlets have remained in my 


office since that time and are now forwarded to Richmond hy Stage to 1799. 

y°°' address. Atllll.d^ria 

I should have forwarded the pamphlets sooner, but there were several 

in circulation here before I received those sent to the Justices of Fairfax, 

and on the Courts ordering them to be returned, there was between »500 

and 1000 copies of the address to the people immediately i)rinted in this 

place at private expense, and distributed among the people, and of course 

I thought it of little moment, in attending to the few in my possession. 

I am, &c. 

The Executive having received information that the County Court of April 17, 
Fairfax, had on the receipt of the Governor's letter accompanying the 
resolutions of the last Assembly, with their address to the people of the 
Commonwealth of Virginia, directed their clerk to return the pani])hlet8 
containing the said resolutions and address to the Executive, do advise 
that the Clerk of this Board be instructed to write to the Clerk of Fair- 
fax, requesting him to furnish this Board with the copy of the order 
above alluded to, and to inform the Executive how the said pamphlets 
have been disi)osed in consequence thereof. 

A statement of the Number of arms which have been issued from the April 17 
public Arsenal to the Militia of this Ck>mmonwe^lth during seven years 
last past, and not returned thereto except to a very inconsiderable 

Number issued from May 24th, 1792, to April 17th, 1799— 

Muskets, 3,786 

Bayonets, 3,786 

Cartridge Boxes, 3,786 

Returned — 

Muskets, 138 

Bayonets, 127 

Cartridge Boxes, 112 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Asking for an advance of three or four hundred dollars on the brick April 20, 
woA done by him on the Penitentiary house. Richmond 


1799. NcwMk Borougii — At a HuB^ofs oomt beid die 22iid daT of April, 

Borough The Clerk laid before the Coait sirodrr fiamphktfi cciataining an ad- 
dress from a majoritr of the Cienend AaBcaMy to the cituen^ of thus 
Commonwealth, for the purpose of havii^ Ibem dktiiboted under their 
autljoritv« whidi was ordeied to Ije read. 

The Court taking the same into their most serious consideration* are 
impressed with a firm lidieC ther cannot. ooDflislentlT with their duty, 
take any giteps in promoting a measure which to them api»ear9 to origi- 
nate in the exercise iA powers truly anomalous and alarmii^, injurious 
to the public welfare, and destructive of all order, to maintain which is 
their peculiar province, as well as bounden duty. Acting under the 
obligations of a solemn oath to support and defend the constitution of 
the United States, and ever mindful of its sacred injunctions, and fully 
persuaded of the sincere attachment and unshaken fiddity of the citi- 
zens of this Commonwealth to the Government of their choice, thev can 
not allow themselves to be instruments of disseminatii^ opinions and 
principles, tending to undermine the federal authority, and may proba- 
bly lead to a dissolution of the social comjiact. 

Wliile the Court are ready to applaud the vigilance of their fellow- 
citizens in watching over and by a becoming jealousy preventing any 
incroachment upon the rights of the people by those in power, still it 
may be no less their duty, carefully to avoid l>eing misled by specious 
intriguers, who, conceded under the alluring garb of superior patriotism, 
are artfully projecting plans to promote their personal aggrandizement to 
sa[) the foundation of our excellent constitution, to sever the Union, and 
finalh% to bring ujjon our envyed and happy country all the horrors 
flowing from ci\il discord — than which nothing in the opinion of the 
Court can lie more calamitous. 

Invariable in their conduct, this xx)urt wiU, to tlie best of tlieir skill 
and ability, faithfully and impartially discharge their duty without re- 
garding the frowns or courting tiie smiles of any man or set of men in 
or out of }K)wer, and in no other manner can they satisfy their con- 
sciences or their God. 

For the reasons herein enumerated, and not being bound to fiilfil an 
act of the legislature destitute of the legal forms required by the con- 
stitution, tho' inca|)able of contravening any known I<.aw of the I^nd, 
the Court, after mature deliberation, unanimously detennine that the 
(laniphlets transmitted to them shall remain in the cleik's office for the 
inspection of those who are inclined to peruse them, subject to the future 
order of the Executive and published in the pa|)ers of this Borough. 

A copy — Teste: 

Alexander Moselev, C. X. H. C. 


G. Dbneale to the Governor. 

Your favor of the 19th Inst, was duly received, and I communicated 1799. 

. April 25 

to the Ck)urt of Fairfiix, the contents of your letter concerning the rule Alexandria 

established by the Executive, with respect to the nomination of ^hij^is- 

trates, and the Court at their last sitting, dirccted notice to be given, that 

the recommendation will be made at Mav Court next. 

I am, (fee. 

Eftracf of a Letter fnym JnmeH Swan to R. Pollard, rrre\I Juhj nth, 1799. 

James Swan .to U. Pollard. 

To my last of the 23 ult. I refer. The Prosi)er has taken on board but April 28, 
1,200 of the arms, and the derangement of the consignee here has ordered "*^"^""rg 
her away without w^aiting even to take the Cartridge Boxes and 800 more 
amis that lay the other side of the river. The remainder, are at Copen- 
hagen and Saxony, and by letters of the 20th inst. the ice still prevented 
their getting out of that port to come hither, as no vessel was there bound 
to any port of the United States. Such a season never was known. 
Yesterday even a great quantity of snow and hail fell, and indeed when 
the Spring will come no one can tell. 

I have engaged the rest of the Arms and Cartridge Boxes to go by the 
Ship — , Capt. Connor, for Baltimore, and trust the ice will not j)revent 
the arms arriving in time from Copenhagen. 

One part of them is in the Elector of Saxony's dominions, and as the 
war is recommenced and all have fear, I am perplexed to get them out 
of his District, but shall succeed. This last portion I am afraid will not 
arrive by the Ist July, and seeing the rigour of the winter which froze 
the water 4 months, I dare not hope even to ship all the least 4000 ear- 
lier than, if by the Ist of July. I trust your (lovernor will not refuse 
receiving them tho' after the time, as I have done more than any other 
man I believe could have done. 

Mere. Jones to the Governor. 

Inquiring as to the number of Acts of Assembly, it is his duty under April 28 
the Law U) furnish : the I^w on the subject being not explicit. 

hifomiing the Governor that he was ready to deliver 242G copies, which 
he thought more than were required, and asking compensation. 

He is informed by Mr. Pleasants, that the I^aws are worth fifty centos 
per copy. 

A JtUl^Z iJL .9 •TJd ?JfegiaS 

T*»» ' x*-*^-* rJj 'S^ZJLLs-A rTT.:^ ^ T3a *ii 

«r '• J|^r« >#^ % tfut inti Tif IjniL IT- i"j1 ir^ ^mcL Moit jkvc gg g ^irity 
«^ "^i^ tr.nj.«:v.«>^ 2»fA4rt -nail "Tirng smo*?* i* 

%^% > "t* r^iJ^^ -#'»i!at-»^&. I^snrj *^»^af irr "Sinnair T«Ty . ^itasf •;-€ Rkrh- 

J- *..-:• "o^irrf / 3t^-,r:Lr3i«rjuir£ !ii*ini: i . TtFnwksoir ?lIi^4B«cnet entitled 
•/»^ jat» Vi *-j»ie!: & -j>tsi v*r # "ift Bsoisit ic &a?i" >nfn'''i"g <€ i2m^ United 

« •>>*: ^fjr,rAjrjrxf0: </ <5CET r»»«srn? flc^nirj^ pvsuzs «> i^T. tiie elector? 
'{*ikl'7fi^ v# r^ad >'x ss/^tzh^Tf ^.i ^>^ SoGk<e ^li P r ft r twi r ' cu»ed to be 
^^M^^ *0t0: i^it^Kk. Ut -rh: Heisrr LiW:. «m r^-gc jem tCie snl £«trict as a 
Ut^sui^^it ^/ *iji»: HM2*e of Ref^resttctum^ -i^ tht United States. 

Gir^i ond^T oisr kamk azyi ^leai? thi* f«»ncwd -iar of Maj.coe tboosand 
iMtrr^j h'jrjidr^ ar*i ranetr-fkiiieL 

ixxE JA«-K5»>3f. [Seal.] 

l>f|rtitT ii-ir Tbo6L Yerby. 
Gek&akd Mrl^EXXY. [Sesd.] 
D^iotT for Wm. S. Jett. 
Petek Jett, [^eal.] 

Wm. Chewxin^., [Seal .J 

John H. Falux. [Seal.] 

Wm. Prick to the Governor. 

Miiy '»S liiforinin^ that the Alphabet of the Record Books of the Land Office 

\a\%m\ Ofrtcif yf^yj^ iMtfirly worn out, and suggesting the propriety of having two more 
riiadij of parchment for the use of the office. 

Allkn Harnerh to the Governor. 

May \ 
h«irj( HoliiMting ii MUpply of arms for his company of Light Infantry. 


Petition of Wm. Davis, J. Grammar, W. Harrison, and sundry other i7l)l). 
citizens of Petersburg for the pardon of John Cyi)ru8, a free negro man, p ^ , ^i^' 
convicted in the District Court of Petersburg of horse-stealing and con- 
demned to death. 

John Power recommended by the Justices of James City County as May 4 
Jailor for that county, to succeed John Fenton, dec^'d. 

Thomas Darker to the Governor. 

Inquiring whether his acceptance of service in the army of the United May 12, 
Slates did not disqualify him from acting as agent for the Stiite; and ^"^ »<^ ^•»' 
what steps were to be taken respecting an execution vs. sundry persons 
in Berkeley, which he had delivered to the Sheriff. 

In case of a new agent to be appointed, recommending Capt. James 
Singleton; claiming a share of the commission on this execution; desiring 
to know if proi>erty can be taken on behalf of the Commonwejilth to 
satisfy the execution in case the money is not paid. 

J. Leyburn to the Governor. 

Soliciting arms and accoutrements for the company of Artillerists in May 14 
Rockbridge county under his command. 

Alice McClintic to the Governor. 

My Pension being withheld from me the last year, induces me to May 14, 
request the favor of you to inform me by a few lines if it is from design ^^^^^ ^• 
or thro' a mistake, and if from the latter cause that you would have it 
rectifyd, which will oblige 

Your humble servant. 

P. S. — The List of Pensioners has come up, but my name was not on it. 

A. McC. 

The above-named Alice McClintic was continued on the List of Pen- 
sioners for 1797 but not for 1798. She has not been paid for either year. 


David Holmes to the Governor. 

1799. I have underst/ood that the Sheriff of Augusta county has returned 

Woodstock C»en'l Robert Porterfield as the member elected to serve this District in 
the House of Representatives of the United States. 

The principles on which he acted, I have been informed, were that the 
Sheriffs did not meet on the day assigned by law to compare the j)olls, 
and that his deputy had no right to act in this instance for him. Altho' 
I am well convinced that no act of the Sheriffs after an election can set 
it aside, yet I think it proper that you should be informed of the real 
state of the transactions which in this case have taken place. 

On the Wednesday after the election, the Sheriffs from each county in 
the District, except that of Augusta, met at Staunton, conceiving that to 
be the day designated by law to compare the polls, it being the 8th day 
including the day of election ; they were afterwards joined by the Deputy 
Sherifi* of Augusta, who acted on this occasion for his principal. A cer- 
tificate was made out in due form and delivered to me; another was left 
with the Deputy Sheriff of Augusta, who promised to transmit it to the 
Executive. On the next day Major David Stephenson, the High Sheriff 
of Augusta, came to Staunton, with an intention of meeting the SherilBfe 
to compare the polls. They were then dispersed, and, as I before men- 
tioned, I have been informed he returned Gen'l Porterfield the member 

From the words of the Act of Assembly, it appears to be somewhat 
doubtful whether Wednesday or Thursday is the day intended to be 
designated, but I am inclined to think it is the former, because the law 
does not say exclusive of the day of election, and because under certain 
circumstances the election may be held open for more than one day, in 
which case the time of comparing the polls would be rendered uncertain. 
I am further of opinion that the Sheriffs may meet at any time within 
eight days of the election. 

In the District of Frederick, I have been informed, the ]X)lls were 
compared on the 5th day. I believe there is nothing more common than 
for Deputy Sheriffs to attend to this business, and in doing so it must be 
presumed they are in their duty. 

ni tike it as a favor, sir, if you'll let me know by the next post what 
return Major Stephenson has made, and whether the certificate of my 
election has come to your hands. If you should think proper to trans- 
mit to Congress a certificate of the polls from the Sheriffs who conducted 
the elections in the several counties, I can have them procured and for- 
warded to you. This I think would do away any difficulty that might 
arise from two returns being made. 

I am, sir, &c. 


Byrd Georqe to the Governor. 

Asking for a change in the terms of his contract respecting the delivery A^^' 
of timber for the manufactory of arms. 


RiH?onnnending that arms be furnislied to the com[)anies of Captain May 20, 
.Tames Allen, of the 1st Battalion of the 32nd Regiment, and Oaptain "g"8* 
Alexander Ilerron, of the 58th Regiment, as entirely trustworthy. 

II'h Holmes to the Governor. 

The Act of Assembly concerning the Militia made at the last session, May 23, 
authorizing to be raised out of each Regiment a Troop of Cavalry, I "^^ ^^^ ^^ 
have taken the liberty, at the solicitation of sundry officers, to recommend 
to your attention the officers of such Troop, to be annexed to the — Regi- 
ment in which they reside; those officers elected as well for their popu- 
larity as their Military qualifications, have succeeded so as already to have 
enlisted between 45 and 50 Troopers. 

The old Winchester Troop hath (I am sorry to say) lost much of its 
respectability, by a decline in numbers and jarring dissentions between 
the men and some of the officers, but I am in hopes the example which 
wiD be afforded by the proposed Troop in the other Regiment, will inspirit 
both the officers and men of the old Troop, and create a profitable emu- 

With the co-operation of the Executive, I hope that both those Troops 
will soon do honor to their Corps, on whom, Sir, you will know, great 
reliance must be placed in the defence of our Country, which affords 
advantages peculiar to itself as to the operations of Cavalry — on account 
of the genius of our peoj)le, the extent and state of improvement of 
America, and the facility of procuring the horses and changing the situa- 
tion of Troops with promptitude. 

May I be permitted Sir, to nominate as proper persons to officer a 
Tnwp of Cavalry in Frederick County, to be raised out of the — Regi- 
nient, Ferguson Bell, Captain, Moses Payne, 1st Lieutenant, Robert Vance, 
2nd Lieut and William F. Simsal, Comet. 

I should not have fonnarded my recommendation alone, except that 
then? is no kind of dispute as to rank or between the officers of the pro- 
posed troop and the Winchester troop, or the officers of the — Regiment. 

In ho}>es that the commissions may be forwarded by post, I am, 

D'r Sir, Your &c. 


Thos. Lee, Jr., to the Governor. 

1799. In the suit against me as agent for the Commonwealth by Bristoe's 

^ Heirs, a very necessary piece of testimony is wanting, without which the 
Commonwealth may possibly l)e cast. 

I have been informed from good authority, that they have l)een paid 
by the British Government. A Mr. Wilson, my informant, who is now 
dead, was called on some years ago (before a Ixmrd established in Lou- 
doun to ascertain the value of the I^nds and property of the Refugees 
from this county) to ascertain the value of this very I^nd, and he told 
me he understood they had been paid by the British Government twenty 
years purchase on its supposed value fixed by him. Of this, however, 
he was not i)ersonally acquainted. In the obligation I have thought 
myself under of attending to the business, I have sent a Dedimus or 
Commission to Loudoun once for the purpose of procuring the necessary 
evidence; from the time that has elapsed I fear it must have miscarried. 

I presume it might be advisable for the Executive to fee some person 
in I^udoun if such a character can be fixed to attend to the business, or 
even to send a special agent at the public expense. 

Any commands they may chuse to express to me on this subject shall 
be attended to. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Wm. W. Geddy to the Governor. 

May 23 Prays for remission of fines for not attending musters of the 30th 

Regiment, which he considers unlawfully assessed against him. 

Mere. Jones to the Governor. 
May 23 Proposing to j)rint the Laws of Congress jf dc-^ired by the Executive. 


May 23, 1 yesterday received a Letter from the Hon. A. JMcRae inclosing an 

Anwiial order l)y the direction of your Excellency, for fifty stands of arms for 
the use of a company of (Grenadiers. He is very pressing in his I^etter 
that I should send him a better kind of arms than those usually sent to 
Richmond, and as the order docs not particularly specify the repaired 
arms, I am a little at a loss what kind to send him. 


I have at present declined sending him any until he executes a Bond 
as usual for the safe-keeping and returning the arms when required, 
which Bond I have now enclosed to him. By the return of Mr. Daw- 
son, your Excellency will be so kind as to favor me with your advice on 
this subject. 

I have the honor, &c. 


May 23, 

W. Berkeley to the Governor. 

A payment in Tobacco has this day been made into .the Treasury by 
Mr. Lee as agent for the State on account of rents on I^and in Prince 
William, fonnerly the property of Mr. Bristoe. He is willing to under- 
take the selling of it, and advises that a credit until the 15th of Septem- 
ber next should be allowed. 

Permit me to submit it to the consideration of the Honorable Board. 

With every sentiment of respect, &c. 

May 23 

A. Barnbt and Robt. Fox to the Governor. 

Asking that some mode be adopted for ascertaining the difference be- May 25 
tween the framing of the roof of the Penitentiary house and the plan 
originally agreed upon. 

Richard Youno to the Governor. 

Complaining of unfair treatment by a Board of Officers in their recom- May 27, 
niendations to the Court for promotions in his Regiment. Richmond 

N. W. Price to the Governor. 

I have been informed that Capt. Phil. N. Nicholas has resigned his 
office as the Captain of the Richmond Republican Infantry, and also 
that the company have chosen Meriwether Jones, Esq., as their Captain. 
It is with my free consent that he should conmiand the company and 
nael as the will of the majority of our company shall and will always 
Iw subscribed to by me. 

I am, with respect, &c. 

May 28 


1799. Ordered, that Jacob Hull be recommended to His Excellency tho 

Pe^Jl^n Clovemor an a proper person to be commissioned Captain to raise a com- 
County pany of Cavalry in the 46th Regiment in Pendleton, which is ordered to 
be certified. 

A copy — Teste: 

. Zeb. DvKii, C. P. C. 

May 28 Ordered, that Adam Conrod and Henry Hull be recommended to his 

Excellency the Governor as proper persons to be commissioned Lieuten- 
ants to raise a company of Cavalry in the 4l)th Regiment in Pendleton. 
Ordered to be certified. 

Zeb. Dyer, C. P. C. 

May 29 Commission of Daniel Henric as Surveyor of the county of Wood, 

conferred by the President and Professors of William and Mary College, 
on file. 

Jas. Baytop to the Governor. 

May 30, Soliciting a command in one of the Raiments of Militia now under 
Richmond organization. 

Augustine Davis to the Governor. 

Jun« 3, Soliciting the privilege of printing for the State such a num1)er of the 

Richmond j^^g past at the last session of Congress as may be considered neca^sary 
for her use. 

Charles Little to the Governor. 

June 4 Asking instructions as to the new organization of the 6()th Regiment 

of the Militia of Fairfax, to which a portion of the Militia of Loudoun 
had been recently added. 

Samuel Shepard to the Governor. 

June 4, Requesting that a special agent be sent to Philadelphia for the purpose 

^oflR^^"^^ of collecting tlie amount of an execution against William Stokes, of the 
firm of William & Charles Stokes, late of Norfolk, Va., for £190.6.3. 


The commission of James Claughton as Notary Public for the District 1799. 
of Northumberland is on file. ^""® ^ 

David Saunders to the Governor. 

Asking instructions as to the validity between two conllicting appoint- June 5, 
inents of Adjutant of the 91st Regiment made by Ck)l. Trigg and himself. Bedford 

James Garrard to the Governor. 

I enclose to your Excellency, a letter from the Kentucky Commission- June 9, 
ere, addressed to the Commissioners on the part of Virginia, for fixing Fjnnkford, 
the Boundary Line between the two States. Should the time and place 
of meeting, meet with your approbation and that of your Commissioners, 
you will be so good as to give me the earliest intelligence, that I may 
instruct the Kentucky Commissioners to hold themselves in readiness. 

With perfect respect, I am, &c. 

The Commission of John Nivison as Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant June 11 
of the 54th Regiment, Ninth Brigade and Fourth Division of Militia is 
on file. 

Virginia to- wit: 

At a General Court held at the Capitol in the city of Richmond, June 13 
the 13th day of June, 1799. 

Robert Walker, James Dunlop, jun'r, John Chalmers and Thomas Col- 
quhoun merchants, natives of Scotland, this day came into Court and 
declared on oath, that they reside within and under the jurisdiction of 
the United States prior to the twenty ninth day of January, 1795, and 
have continued so to reside ever since; that they have also resided one 
year at least within the Commonwealth of Virginia, that they will sup- 
port the Constitution of the United States, and that they do absolutely 
and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign 
prince, potentate, State or Sovereignty whatsoever, and particularly to 
George the third. King of Great Britain: and it appearing to the satisfac- 
tion of the Court that the said Robert Walker, James Dunlop, jun'r, John 
Chalmers and Thomas Colquhoun, during such residence have behaved 
themselves as men of good moral character, attached to the Constitution 
of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness 
of the sameT they are admitted citizens of the said United States. 

( -opy — Teste : 

Wii^oN Allen, C. G. C. 



lTUi». The Coniiuoiiwealth of Viiginia. 
June 15 

To Moees Bales. 

For 722t> si>Iid \*ards of FoumlatioD lor the armory. Dog at 
^i, |HT y\i, 

i>. Bv i'ii^h rxVd at sundrv times fexdifc^re of $181 11 
ctMit8 for Rock work aiul 13l> Dollais advanced in conse- 
«)ueiKv of eiu| Joviii£[ mor^ luuKk^ 1 1 10 Dollars 7:i cents. - 


1 ix^rtifv that tlie aU>ve acc^t is conrect. 
June WaIu ITW. 


Jxo. Clarke. 

John RonEKT^>x i\> the Goteexoe. 

Jnne ^V RHiimii^ l^^imri^Mn^as Xoiarr Public and Sopeffintefident of Qnar- 
llir^tw^ ai^tiiw* at that Pivrtv A|^Mnehen<»i>iis *^ veilow ^e^rer JOom Philadelphia. 

City IViat 


Thih^ Xrriv%x ivs rsE OxirixxoE, 

I tin«l it will Ke neoe^siMT i<i> haxv a SBBdLD K^da Vi exunioe the redsds^ 
ml^kh if x\>^ir Exceik«>cy a2>d Cv^^Kal tiiSiik wrda aje.. I wiD emploj. 
The <4SocT:? 1^' the CmtwJ S;ia5<^ ci^w "fscyirT ^sasaaooe I oi^oM wish, hut 

the V <^)i><>4 iSn^i a K-tjis. 1 Iv3k-XY ^i mzTi W- Tjeicessarr lo issae a {HDe-* 
lanvatkm ^^o- the \Vo$q l^odia I:silaxKi< i!i6DenftI}5'. a> "c^esafiis Itfsi^n to come 
irk i?) 1^ aTHi ihiTt^^ «iar$ yin^^^^aiKv a7>3 if axiT iidinrxkin f^xioild he amoqg 
t^-fC <-7Yw. it may he ^i^o^mani a icm iiay$; and it xoiiy Im^ fiinEff^Ma- aibo to 
^i^Jain the vcs^is <« m^ar if i3>cy >iK«Q}d Ke <Q(i2y. whkli witbc^ii a proo- 

N> <;ft5ir o<f $dd:ii«!i^ >ia$ ha^ij^s^r^ v((L >«cn tiic TDha>iixa3Si^ ai^ feaifid 
isi its> heiTU! Kiwiurhi rr\. and aw viplani v* j«^fMJM ii. 

1 air*, A'C- 


li i< a^TWNi xh$a The 11th Seprmoni of Mihiia hr drrided ^v^ aji ki 
rwf» ^Jii«inrj T^ecritmmi^^: «ichi l5ocrin>CT« u> he hotmded hridieibnMar 
Katiahr«n <li><rrica. The Re^nnwim tn ihr i'AotiTy of IRaniinljih Vk lie rmmt- 
hffre^ lAT. ann thr oTh<n"7r» rouin the- Na 11. anfl ti i> fnnliflr adrisiod 
rhji^t .IfiViTi Ha^-mAnfl Kr a;fijviTT»iA*i 1 .inmi^nanM Vtjim«%l 1 VnnmaTidaxit of 
rhi nth "RwiiH'n?. and Bonw»min P/»hinsrfifi and THumd Ttsrifscfn he 
afifv»mtod Muv*T>i u»>^ai<i Rrinmoni 



A Statement of the Public Arms which have been ins tied from the Arsenal at 

the Point of Fork by order of the Executive. 


Mav 24 


*Jane 25 
Julv 25 

WMy 21 
>Uv 20 

^?ept 5 

" 20 

t(M. 10 

- 12 






17^. - 

April 25 

" 26 

M I. 

May 19 

" 29 


3laT 14 

Jooe 2 


Upril 13 

Dec 24 

Ma*h 19 




JnlT 29 
« * ** 


April 24 

July 27 

FebV 14 

- 19 
JUa h 5 

«- 7 


" 24 

• 29 

To Whom Issued. 

Place of KoHideuce. 










E<lw*d Holladay, to be delivered 

to Ck)l. Wilson C. Nicholas Norfolk 

(*apt. Quarrier \ City of Richmon<l 

Col. Wilkereon i Ditto 

7 600 

4 I (>4 

19 ' ()8 

Eliz/th City 

Capt. Richardson 

Capt. Massenburg, to be delivered 

to Miles Kinff 

Capt. Elias Parker Petersburg. 

Col. Wm. Nelson i York 

Lieut. Kautzman ; City of Richiuond. 

Geo. Deneale ■ Alexandria 

Chas. Hav City of Richmond. 

Rich'd Bowler Ditto 

Capt. Wm. Price .♦« ] Ditto 

Reuben George i Henrico .. 




Wm. Giles- 

Richard Cary 

Lieut. Jacob Call 

Col. David Patterson. 
Capt Thoe. R. Roots. 



Prince George. 

Roger Gregory Henrico 

James Caruthers Roi^kbridge. 

Warner Lewis. 
John Eyre 

Gloucester.. .. 

Reynolds Norfolk 

Smith I Ditto 

Philip N. Nicholas , Richmond. 

Wm. Riclmrdson Richmond. 

Mason ; Stafford. 

Nelwn ' York.... 

AlexVMcliae I Petersburg 

Francis Thornton Fredericksburg. 



Col. J no. Breckenridge Botetourt 

Wilson C.Nicholas Albemarle 

Maj'r Francis Walker Ditto 

Capt. Strobia ' Richmond City. 

Holloway Ditto 

Archb'ld McKae Powhatan 

Mercer Spottsylvania ... 


McCreery Botetourt 

Tinsley | Fluvanna 

Corporation of Alexandria Fairfax 

Col. W. Nicholas ' Albemarle 

















12 . 

(iO 1 

47 ! 



















*AnHlerf. f For am of Guard Boat stationed at lIood'H. | Artillery, if Artillery. | Artillery 
aarf 34.<««or4^ Y Do. and 90 Swords, a Do. and .V) Hwonls. 

June 22 



June 22 

Stalement of the Public yirms — Coiitinwd. 

Juno 22, 
In Council 

June 22 


July 7 

To Whom IsMued. 

PIhoo of Residence 

Capt. Nelson. 





York I 08 

Dumfries 36 




Nov. 10 

April 17 

Flank C/onipanies of. 

Ditto of. 

Capt. Alex. McRae... 

Fleming Payne 

Flank Companies of. 

Ditto of. 

Gloucester ! 21 

Princess Anne ' 20 

Richmond Citv i 19 

Goochland.....". ' 88 

Accomac | , 

Norfolk Co 



tJune 22 

Capt. S|)ear8 

Ca])t. Thos. Meriwether. 
Capt. Jos. A. Myers 













•600 stands ordered from Point Of Fork to Richmond. flO Artillery Swordt*. 

It is ordered that thirty Artillery 8words be delivered to Captain 
Myers for the use of his company, he givinji^ the usual bond for the safe 
keeping thereof and to return them when called for. 

The Governor orders accordingly. 

Attest : 

A. Blair, C. C. 
Capt. Coleman. 

Jno. Clarke to the Governor. 

The hricklayers having frequently complained to me that lime for the 
cement of the walls of the Penitentiarv house was not furnished in suffi- 
cient (piantity for a rapid progress of the brick work of that building, in 
consequence of which the principal bricklayer has discharged several of 
his workmen, 1 am induced to suggest the propriety of its being pur- 
chased (if it should continue to be the case), as I suppose it may be 
purchjised on. as cheap terms a« the contractors are to furnish it at. 

In order to keep a supply of bar iron for the blacksmiths now em- 
ployed in making the grates for the windows of the Penitentiary house, 
I have made enquiry at all the stores in Richmond and Manch^ter 
from which a supply has hitherto been afforded, and from informatiur 
given me by some merchants, a considerable (|uantity is hourly expectec 
(it being on board vessels now in the River), I am in hopes that a supph 
may be had of equal quality with that furnished by Mr. Breckinridge 
and that which I have purchased is on cheaper ttfrms than Mr. Breckin 
ridge^s iron is furnished at. If, however, Mr. Breckenridge sends : 
supply of iron, I 8up[>ose we must receive it in conformity with thecoc 
tract between him and the Executive. 


Creed Taylor to the Commissioners of Kentucky. 

The distance Gen. Martin and Mr. Stuart live apart, and from me, ^"'^J-. 
almost precludes the possibility of a joint communication from us with Cuniberfaud 
respect to the boundary line between your State and this. But as a County 
certain conveyance now offers, I deem it my duty, tho' alone, to state to 
you, that notwithstanding the distance we are from each other, yet pro- 
fessional or public duties have brought us together twice or three times 
since we had the pleasure of being with you ; and we have never failed 
to write you on this subject; and I do not recollect at this time that any 
answer to either of our letters has been received — perhaps they may 
have miscarried — ^and I am without copies, but I believe their general 
tenor have been to assure you of our r^diness to act on this subject 
whenever it would be your pleasure to notify us of any time and place. 
And of this I beg leave again to assure you, and I can with truth add 
that I know it to be the disposition of my colleagues. As I deem it of 
iinjiortance to the two States to have a speedy and friendly adjustment 
of this business, and as I am sure it is not the wish of Kentucky to delay 
it, I will conclude by repeating that we are ready to meet when and 
where you may think most proper. 

I am, &c. 

LEXiN(iTON, May 16th, 1799. 

Although you mention in your Ixjtter dated at Richmond, lOth June 23 

January, 171)9, that you had written several Letters to us, yet we can 

a.ssure you that none of those letters have reached us. 

At the session of the Kentucky Legislature in 1796, when the j)roce(?d- 
iiigs of the Commissioners were laid before them, they thought proper 
to susiK*nd any further operations in the business of the Boundary Tiine, 
until at the last Fall session they authorized the Governor (as we believe, 
not having the resolution of the Assembly on this subject befoi-e- us) to 
take such sfeps for the final adjustment of the line as he should deem 
most expedient. Tliis has been the reason why you have not heard from 
u^* before. 

The Governor has lately laid before us your I^etter and that of (iov- 
<rnor Wood, and if he thinks proper to sanction our meeting, you again 
will inform the Executive of Virginia thereof. Should that be his deter- 
mination, we are ready and indeed desirous to bring the business to a 
close, an<l will meet you at the Forks of the Big Sandy on the 1st day of 
October next. We have consulted together on the subject of the time 
and [»lace of meeting, and have found the 1st of October next to be the 
most Huitable and convenient for us, and the proposed place the most 


1799. You will be pleased to communicate to us your sentiments respecting 

June 13 ^j^jg arrangement, and if you have no objection to it, and the Governor 
of this State shall authorize our meeting,^ we shall endeavor to he punc- 
tual in our attendance. 

We are your, (fee, 

John Coburn, 
Robert Johnson, 
B. Thukston. 

To the Commissioners of Virginia for ascertaining the Boundary lane 
with that State and Kentucky. 

John RoberTvSON to the Governor. 


June 23, Asking to be instructed whether it is compatible with the I^aw of Vir- 
Huudreds S^^i^ ^^^ ^^"" ^ hold the commission of Superintendent of Quarantine, 
Notary Public, and Revenue Officer at the same time. 

June 30 Captain Kerr, Light Infantry Company, of Fredericksburg, applies for 
50 stand of arms for his company. 

James Garrard to the Governor. 

June 30, I wrote you last fall an answer to your letter, inclosing one from the 

Frankford ju(]geg of Northampton District to your Excellency, concerning the 

unlawful seizure and sale of Jack Cox, the son of Jemima Cox, of I^n- 

caster county, containing all the information I had been able to collect 

on that subject. 

I now inform you, a few days ago I received such information of the 
boy as removes all doubt respecting the theft and sale to Bryant Sloane. 
The boy (Jack Cox) is now in the possession of a David McClellen, of 
Baird's Town, Nelson county, who is desirous the necessary proofs may 
be brought forward, that the boy may be restored to his liberty and his 


I am, <fcc. 


July 1, Inclosed your Excellency will find the usual Return of Anns, «fcc., a1 

^'*«^"^* the Arsenal. 

The other papers, consisting of the Pay Rolls, accounts current, anc] 


the half yearly return for Clothing, will likewise be presented to you 17»9. 
after passing the customary examination. Mr. Wills, having at length Arsenal 
furnished the Timbers as stipulated by contract for the Stoiikadc Fort, 
now presents his account for payment. 

I am sorry to announce to you the entire destruction of our machinery 
for grinding Bayonets. About ten days ago there fell at this place a most 
astonishing flood of Rain, which has swept away the Dam, the House, 
and almost every part of the machinery. Your Excellency will from the 
present return of the state of the Arms discover the numlx*r of Bayonets 
now to grind, and will be enabled to determine respecting the expediency 
of going to the expense of renewing this work. If it should be thought 
inex|)edient to rebuild this machinery, it may not be amiss to dispose of 
such parts of the old works as may answer for mill purposes. 

I have the honor, &c. 

A Quarterly Return of A inns and Military Stores at the Arsenal near the 

Point of Fork, July Ist, 1799, 

1 16-Inch Brass Mortar, 1 Brass 6-pounder, 7045 muskets in good July 1 
order, 726 muskets with unground Bayonets, 900 Artillery and Grenidier 
Swords, 7 Barrels of Gun Powder, 40 Pigs of Lead, 180 Canister Shot, 
260 Cannon shot from 4 to 6 Pounders, 30 Rheams of Cartridge Paper, 
18 Barrels of Flints, 1650 Pounds of Ball and Buck Shot. 

This Quarter's work: 

403 Muskets cleaned and put away; 72 Bayonets ground. 

Since last Return 50 Stand of repaired Arms have been delivered to 
Capt Spears, of Cumberland, and 50 Ditto to Capt. AlexV McRae. 

Ro. QiARLEs, Sup't. 

Lawrence Brooke, John T. Brooke, and Many Citizens op Spot- 
sylvania TO THE Governor. 

Praying for the pardon of a negro man named John, the property of July 1 
Fontaine Maury, convicted in the Court of Sjxjtsylvania of arson on the 
4th day of June, 1799, and condemned to be hanged on the fifth day of 
Julv, 1799. 

Al. McCrae's bond with security for twelve hundred and fifty-five dol- jnly 3 
larg, for the safe keeping and return of fifty stand of arms for the use of 
J^ Company of Grenadiers of the Nineteenth regiment of Militia on file. 


Samuel Colkman to the (iovernor. 

1799. In conformity with the enclosed direction on the back of a letter 

addressed to you by ('apt. Meriwether Jones, I have tlie honor to re]K)rt 
that Oaptain Philip N. Nicholas stands charged in a book kept for that 
puopose, with fifty stands of public arms; for the safe keepinj^ and rc^turn 
of which in good order when thereto re(piired by the Executive, he and 
his subalterns have given bond in the penalty of six hundred and seven 
dollars, which bond is filed in this office. 

Of the arms above mentioned, there are returned and now in the care 
of the Keei)er of the Capitol, 4G Muskets, 45 Bayonets and 43 ('artridge 

The muskets (one or two excepted) are so entirely out of repair, as to 
be incapable (in the hands of Militia) of being made fit for use, from 
essential defect^ in the locks <fec. They are also very rusty, and appear 
to have been wholly neglected since they were issued. 

I have the honor, t^'c. 

July 10 Meri. Jones's application for arms for a company which he is raising. 

Theodosius Hansford to the Governor. 

July U Setting forth that in the discharge of his duties as Escheator of King 

George (bounty he held an Inquisition upon a tract of Land lying on the 
branches of Paspotawzy Creek, in said county, formerly claimed by Orr 
ik Cireeleese, British subjects, which had been escheated by the Sherifl*, 
but never sold ; that in pursuance of the certificate of the Clerk of the 
District Court at Fredericksburg, and by direction of Law, your Petitioner 
proceeded to sell the said I^nd on the 20th day of November, 1798. 
That in the execution of this sale, certain expenses wpre necessarily 
incurred, an account of which was presented to the Auditor. That tlie 
Law which required this sale, made no provision for the expenses thus 
incurred, and therefore the Auditor was unwilling to give a warrant for 
that purpose. The Petitioner therefore seeks relief at the hands of the 
Board by a warrant out of tlie Contingent Fund. 

Alexander Buchanan to the Governor. 

July 12 Claiming his right to the High Sheriffalty of Wythe county as the 

successor of William Thompson, of wliich he was dej)rived by the deci- 
sion of the Court of Wythe county. 



Benjamin Wilson to the Governor. 

Recoinmeiidinp Sam'l Bhinn (now Lieutenant in Robinson's company) 17i)9. 

Jill V 1 ^ 

for Captain, John llij^hter for Lieutenant, and ThomaH Harhert to C(»n- Harrison^Co. 
tinue Ensifjjn; Obedia Davisson for Lieutenant, and Benj'n Kobinson, Jr., 
t<> continue Ensign. 

At a Court held for Pittsylvania county, the 15th day of July, 1799, July 15, 
prcj^ent: John Wilson, Joshua Stone, William Dix, Vincent Shelton, ^'^^nty"'*" 
Chrispin Shelton, William Clarke, Armistead Shelton, Moses Hutchings, 
James M. Williaius, Robert Divine and Robert Payne. 

Setting forth their objections to a compliance with the wishes of the 
General Assembly, to have certain pamphlets containing their resolutions 
on the constitutionality of the Alien and Sedition Laws, ]){i«sed by (/on- 
gress, and an address by the Assembly to the people of the State, i^'C, 
distributed to the people of their county; with the determination to have 
the said papers placed in the office of the clerk of the county for the 
perusal of all who desired it, and subject to the control of the Executive. 
That copies of their proceedings be sent to the Governor and to two of the 
Printers of the Commonwealth. 

It is ordered that a circular I./etter be written by the Adjutant (iencral 
to all officers who have received Arms belonging to the Public, except 
such as have made satisfactory returns under the advice of the 7th of 
July, 1798, requiring all such officers to re-deliver the Arms to the Com- 
mandant of the Regiment to which they respectively belong, unless they 
do on or before the first day of September next, make and return to the 
office of the Adjutant General a report of the said Arms, conformably with 
the said advice. And that a Circular letter be also written to the Com- 
mandants of the said Regiments to receive all such Arms, and at the time 
of their reception to cause a critical examination to be made of their 
state of repair by a Field Officer, which rei)ort is to be forwarded to the 
office of the Adjutant-General as soon as they shall be delivered and 

And the Governor orders accordingly. 


A. Blair, C. C. 

July 16, 
lu C-ouncil 

Samuel Shepard to the Governor. 

Informing him that the property of John Beale, Sheriff* of Botetourt, 
taken for the Tax of '97, cannot be sold for want of bidders, and request- 
ing its removal to some place where a sale can be effected. 

July 16. 




1799. The Bond of Joseph A. Myers and security for the safe keeping and 

July 1. re-delivery of ten Artillery Swords for the nso of a company of Artillery 
of the Fourth Rt^iment of Militia is on file. 

Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

July 17 Forwarding reports of Militia Officers as to the nuniher and condition 

of public Arms issued to their commands in response to the order of 
Council of July 16th, 1799. 

July 2.3 Certificate of Rich'd Allen, Major of 2nd Battalion, 33rd Regiment, of 

the number and condition of public Arms issued to the company of 
Capt. Roger Gregory, 2nd Batt'n, 2nd Regiment; also of Capt. Reuben 

July 25 '^^^ Bond of John \\'ilson. Thos. Barnett, and Louis Roussell for the 

safe keeping and return of GS stand of arms when demanded, for which 
Nathaniel Wilkinson, County Lieutenant of Henrico, has given his 

Arch'd Stuart to the Governor. 

July 25, Expressing his satisfaction with the time and place of rendezvous, sug- 

Staunton gestud by the Kentucky Commissioners, for recommencing the work of 

the Boundary Une and the hope of its speedy termination. Suggesting 

that the f(»rmcr practice of the Governor for supplying the party with 

funds be repeated. 

James Singleton to the Governor. 

July 27 Soliciting appointment as agent for collecting arrears of taxes in the 

Brigade District of which Frederick Co. forms part, in the room of Thos. 
Parker, resigned.' 

Jacob Call to Sam'l Coleman. 

July 28 Informing him that the arms in the possession of the Company of 

Light Infantry of which he was Lieutenant, went with that company 
under the command of ('apt. Josei>h Weisiger. At the death of Capt. 
Weisiger, the care of the arms was transferred to Lieut. Alexander Tay- 
lor, Jn'r. 


Wm. Nelson to Samukl Colbman. 

Ruf)ort«ii that the arms when delivered to him were in had order as to 17t>9. 
Ba\'onets and LockH. York ' 

Joseph Martin to the Governor. 

Expres.sing his satisfaction with the time and place of meeting, pro- July 31 
|x>sed hy the other Commissioners for fixing the Boundary Line with 

Thomas Nelson to the (governor. 

Re])lying to the order of Council of July 16th, for a report of numher July 31, 
and condition of arms furnished his company: stating that notwithstand- ^^^'"'^^^^''^ 
ing an order of Council made in July, 1794, that his company should be 
furnished with arms, no arms had as yet been furnished altho' rei)eatedly 
applied for, and his company had at private expense furnished their uni- 

Buckingham County : 

Benjamin Morris, David Coupland and Samuel Allen recommen- July 31 
ded by the Court to the Governor, one of whom as a proper person to 
execute the oflRce of Sheriff' of this county for the ensuing year. 

A protest against the appointment of Benj'n Morris was presented by 
David Coupland. 

Numerous certificates as to the good character and faithful services as 
a Justice, of Benjamin Morris are on file. 

G. Deneale to Sam'l Coleman. 

Forwarding the report of Major Charles Turner, 1st Battalion, 106 July 8i, 
Reg't, as to the number and condition of public arms issued to said Alexandria 

Thos. R. Rootes to Sam'l Coleman. 

Response to the order of Council of July 17th on Report of number August 1, 
and condition of arms issued to his command. Fredericks- 



Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. 

1799. Report concerning the condition of the Cartridge boxes stored in the 

^Xlu' Capitol. delivered by Mr. Greaves. 

The Treasurer to the Governor. 

Augusts Reports the Balance of Cash in the Treasury on the 1st Inst, was four 
thousand seven hundred and sixty dollars and sixty -five cents. 

Littleton Savage, Peter Bodoin, Isaac Smith, and other Mem- 
bers OF THE Court of Northampton to the Governor. 

August 3 Recommend to mercy a negro man slave named Abraham, the pro- 
pert}' of James Cons Hicks, convicted in the court of Northampton on 
the 17th day of July, 1799, of committing a rape on the body of Sally 
Sturgis, for which he was condemned to suffer death. 

Kich'd Gary to Sam'l Coleman. 

August 3, Return of number and condition of arms issued to him jis Capt. first 
Warwick Cb. BatUlion, G8th Reg% for Warwick (bunty, made July 20th, 1798, is on 

John Eyre to Sam'l Coleman. 

Augusts Report of amis delivered to the company of Northamptcm Infantry, 
commanded by him, on file. 

Ph. Nor. Nicholas to Sam'l Coleman. 

August 5 Report of arms received for the use of his company in reply to order 
of council of 17th of July, 1799. 

G. Denkale to the Governor. 

August 6, Asking that a portion of the fines imposed U[)on the (>()th Reg't, col 
Alexandria looted in Alexandria, be appropriated to the purchase of a stiind of col- 
ours and some Instruments of Music for the 106th Regiment, 


Sam'l Gary to Sam'l Coleman. 

Response U) circular Letter of Council of July 17th in respect of pub- 1799. 

lie arms, refers to Major Thos. Lewis, commandant of artillery, .for the GloucMter 

required information. Town 

Thos. Minor to Samuel Coleman. 

Return of number and condition of public arms issued to the Com- August 10, 
panics of Captains Thornton and Mercer. Fredericks- 

James Bailey to the Governor. 

Praying for remission of a fine of twenty Dollars imposed on him for August 10, 
playing at Faro while serving as a Grand Juror in the Town of Staunton, ^^"^^^n 

Charles Clarke to the Governor. 

Praying for a remission of a fine imposed on him by a Court Martial August 17, 
for refusing to obey an order commanding him to attend a muster of the C'^^*«^™eld 
Battalion to which he belonged, at Francis Ix)ckett's, on the 8th day of 
>ray, 1795, with the company under his command, giving his reasons 

David Patterson to Sam'l Coleman. 

In res|K)nse to circular of Council of July 17th refers to report to be August 17 
made by Major Branch of the arms issued to the Light Infantry and 
Grenadiers of the 23rd Regiment. 

Alexander Buchanan to the Governor. 

Asserting his claim to the Sheriffalty of Wythe county filled by Andrew August 18 

Thos. Xewton to the (iovernor. 

Soliciting j>ay for Town Sergeant of Norfolk and others. August 19 



\7iHi. At H r#>iirt Im'I/I for WaHhinfrt<iii county the 2(>tli of August, 1799: 

Aiitffmt 2ri ( )rtU'riul i\mi >Uiun!ti KrmWcy be recommended to James Wood, Esq., 
(}ov<'nior of i\w ('onirnonw(;altli. an a fit i>erson for Major of the 1st Bat- 
Uilum of the lOfith Ik'^i'ii^'i'^ <>^ ^^>c Militia of Virginia. 

(^ipy — Teste: 

I). Campbell, D. C. 

Stkimikn Wkkjiit to Samuel Coleman. 

AiitfiiMt *i() Korwanlin^ return of arniH of the companies of Caj)t. Magnean and 
othpix, of thf 7th l^'g't, and William Marley and others, of the 95th 
\U%'iy an made under order of July 9th, 179S. 

.1. Clarke to the (iovbrnor. 

AiitfiiMt *JU. K(HH)unnending extra |>ay to Moses Bates for digging a part of the 
Ulchiuoiul f\mi^jt|(j^,n Hn- (|j^> nuinufa(»tory of arms, which proved unusually hard 


Archibald Kitohik to the Governor. 

AiiuuMt ^l> AppUt^ for a K»an of titly stand of arms for the use of his company 
^^^"^ iXv ^,f Smnul Battalion, Sixth Regiment. 

Av\KMtit ^\ A ilt»|H»8ition of Francis Kinc^nmm ctmceming an expeilition of Col. 
Arthur CanipMl iigainst the Cherokee Nation of Indians in the year 

That lvoU>ri CampU^lL i^' that i\>mmand, with a |iarty of volmiteers, 
starteil frv»m the Inviian Town calU\l i'hota to burn another Town calleii 
Cluthower* which they aiwrnplisheil, and on their r^^tum had a severe 
ti^ht with a largv (khIv o( Indiatui^ tn a tuurrow |iass. Th«ftt after this 
lU^Wrt i'ampU4l prv>iH.)evevl to lHH*d a ^Kurty to bum TeUisjjee, which CoL 
A. CampK^l op|»os<xL pn^ferriug ti* iWstroy Hiwa^^fee, to prevent the 
eiieuiy fr\^u taking otf their cv>nL 

Ji»«>, Martin t** thb iiov!ui>MR. 

Au^uiil :^ hXpr\"tifiunji hi^ rv«iM.liue«55^ to j^4u the other Boundajry Line CooimL^ 
skutvrs iit the time ami place a^reeal»k to theiii. 


Deposition of Henry St. John Dixon. 

At the re^iuest of Col. Robert Campl>ell, I do certify that on the 2<H.h I7JH».^ 
injft. I was present in Court and acted as an attorney for the naid Camf>- VhmJr'Ififi 
bell in making a motion to admit tlie Justice? r»f the Peac<;'.M r:ertifK3ite of 
his taking the oaths ref|uired by I^w for a Militia Offieer Ut n«r>rd, which 
was op|x>sed on the ground that it would contravene an order of July 
Tourt, wherein the said (.'ampbell was interdicted from qualifying. 

It was pro[>o8ed then to the Court to admit testimony Uf prove a 
memorial sent by the said Campbell to the Executive, with a c<;rtiricat*; 
and other statements, were strictly true and foundf^l on factn. Thi« the 
r«>urt granted, and the following fiersrms were sworn U> give evidence: 
Ca[»t. James Keys, James Bradley. Ilavid r»wry, and Amlrew iCuHHirll, 

Capt. Key:* deyioc^-d that at several differrjnt times he was applied U* 
h*r ihink.-i as many a^ three tintes; by Elijah Gillenwat^T, another Ju?*- 
ti<"*. on rhe subje^^t of a recommendation for a (V>|onel in the U^^th 
Ri^riient. and was asked by the said Gillenwater if he would Ttftt vfpU' 
tV»r Mr. R»>bert Prest«>n to be Colo., which wan an reji*:aterlly denyerl. 
That on the evening uf the day when the Ia?»t af»pHcation was ma/le. Mr 
Prp>t«»n him^ielf a<idrej*sed him on the .-^me sufjjfrct, and V>1(\ him he 
was jhtjui to offer for thfi command- Capt. Key?i farther .'^aid thai., fieing 
r*> oft»=n :-[->ken to on the subject in that manner, he cf»nceiverl it an 
la-ult. H»:f determined U) oppr^j«e the said Prestrm by offering him^^elf 
am<i at th** ?»amr time t«>Id Mr. Pre«ti'>n he should *>pfKj«#! him. H** altv) 
rait I thiU ha«l he n«>t been a (Candidate he would have votetl for Ro^iert 
« anipWl Uj command the l<»oth Regiment. 

John Huston, a justice of the p>eace. wa*4 then caJIerl and qnalifiefl. 
whn depose*! th^t he was -several times -^ifiriken to on the "Subject of a 
iTi-t»mm^rn»iatit>n of a Tril^j. far the I<>oth Reg''t by Elijah fri Hen water. 
;in»i was iwke«i bv him if he wt»uld not vi>te for R<ibert F*reHton. at the 
:!ame time ursinir th:it Ri^hert PreMt«jn wan more in the ry^ntre of the >«aid 
Bejrt. Mr. Ffuston -tfad he thought hin objt^.t waH to inrtnence hi« vote 
in iivonr of Mr. F*reat«>n. 

Mc. James Bri4iley Chen depo«efi that he had f^een .spoken to on the 
-ame *ubjei*t and :wke*l if he would not vote for .Mr Pre^ftun by K. i ril- 
: en water- 
Mr. [jtwry \ra** rJien a^kefi if he had have vote^l. who would have been 
•he per?<»n U) whom he wt>aiil liave ariven his vote. He -laid t«» R«>b*>rt. 
» -impbeil. l)et*:ini*e he thought him •entitled to the command by Heni«»riry. 

Andrew Rni*seil then dep«Y^»efi that R4>bert Prenton hiui uM him he hail 
uimirtetl EL < ftUen water t*) privileges which he did not ailmit hi»* other 
Deiiucies Dt with one or two «*xci»pdonH . 

*ftren uniler my hanil at Abingrion rhia '22x\t\ day of Angiint in rhe 



Robert Campbell to the Governor. 

August 22, 

On receiving your commission giving me the command of the 105th 
Regiment of the Militia of this State, I took an opportunity to qualifN' 
t() the same before a Justice of the Peace. 

Shortly afterwards, the Court of this County took up the matter of 
dispute between me and Mr. Robert Preston, and after some time spent, 
and considerable warmth took place, they entered an order dated the 
ICth of July interdicting my taking the oaths required by law; but this 
being already done, it placed me in a situation, in a legal point of view, 
that my opposers did not expect. However, I thought it most prudent 
to delay offering the certificate of my qualification to be recorded, that 
the members might get cool, and facts be made public that would show 
that my memorial and the papers accompanying it, were strictly true, 
and not a misrei)resentation with a view to deceive the Executive of the 

On the first day of the succeeding Court, I offered the certificate of 
my taking the oath required by Law to be recorded. This occasioned a 
number of witnesses to be examined, and brought on a long debate from 
the Bar. which concluded with the refusal of admitting the certificate to 
be recorded, as will appear by the enclosed paper. (A copy from the 
Onler Book of the Court.) 

I inclose a recommendation of the Court for a Major to fill up the 
vacancy in the fii-st Battalion of the 105th Regiment. Also several certi- 
ficates explanatory of the proceedings in our Court. 

The order of Court of the 16th of July seems to hold out that what 
the Colonel of the 70th Regiment certified in the month of May last was 

I now inclose some papers which may serve as evidence that what he 

stated was true. 

I am, Sir, &c. 

August 24 Receipt of E. Harris, Q. Master in 102 Reg't, 4th Brigade and first 
Division, from a company of Jjight Infantry for 46 Muskets, 42 Bayo- 
nets, and 36 Cartouch Boxes with shoulder stmps, on file. 

Nat. Shepard tq the Governor. 

August 24 

Mr. Berkeley left Town on the 21st inst. for the back country; pre- 
vious to which he requested me to ascertain the amount of Cash which 
might remain in the Treasury on this day, and inform you thereof. 

1 accordingly beg leave to state to 3'ou that there is remaining the sum 


of four thousand four hundred and tifty-eight Dollars and tliirty-one 
cents, of which one thousand dollars are appropriate! by your direction 
to tlie payment of the Commissioners for ascertaining the boundary line 
between this State and the State of Kentucky. 

I am, <S:c. 


August 24 

At the request of Col. Robert Campbell, I hereby certify that he served Augiiat 24 
ai» a subaltern ofticer in my cmnpany of Militia on the Expedition into 
South (*arolina the fall of 1780. That at the Hattleof King's Mountain, 
as I understood, he was ordered by one of the (,'Ommanders to a Dift'er- 
ent part of the mountain from where I was, and being early wounded in 
the action, the command of the company devolved on the subalterns, 
therefore can say nothing of the engjigement; but from the time we 
started on the Tour until we returned, he behaved himself as a good 
officer, and to my own knowledge he was often called upon when it was 
not his turn. The (-ommander's motive for calling him so, I never 

(Jiven under my hand this 24th of Aug., 1799. 

James Dvsaht. 
Attest: Sam'l VV'eek. 

Walt. Jones to the (governor. 

Remonstrating against the nomination of a Sheriff for Northumber- Aujjust 24 
land in the rotation to which he considered himself entitled bv seniority. 

Charles Little to the (iovernor. 

Report concerning the public Arms issued to ('ol. Deneal, of the GOth AuRUBt 25 
Raiment of Militia. 

John Koontz to the (governor. 

I have got a compleat company of Artillery, superior to any in the An^iRt 2(J, 
Regiment. I cast two 3-pounders myself, and have both mounted ; they Hurriflon- 
are handsome and good. But I am sorry to see other companies in the 
Regiment so backward. Attribute it altogether to the want of field officers 
to go and see the different companies and give encouragement 

Col. Preston is promoted to General Major, which by l>eing elected a 
member of C^mncil is removed from us, and Major Curry is removed to the 
Northwestern Territory, so that we have not a field officer in the R<5giment. 



1799. As the Regiment is suffering for want of field officers, I beg leave to submit 
H^^rfson^-' '*" ^^ ^^^^^ consideration whether it would not be to the advantage of the 
burg Raiment for some promotions to take place. 

I am, &c. 

August 27, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

I will thank your Exeellenc}' to have Mr. James Boyce credited with 
four hundred dollars on acc't of his collection as Sergeant of Norfolk 
Borough, which please to have charged to acc't of Quarantine. This sum 
will, I hope be sufficient for the season to pay charges here, of which I 
shall render you an acc't. 

I am, &c. 

August 27, 



John Stewart to the Governor. 

Transmitting a copy of the proceedings of the Court of Greenbrier 
county, investigating the charges exhibited against John Hutchinson, 
John Rodgers, and William McClurg, commissioners for assessing Lands 
in said county. 

The Court expresses its acknowledgments to the Governor for his 
promise to lay its proceedings officially before the next General Assem- 
bly, and likewise their desire to obtain a copy, by post, of such action as 
the honorable Council shall see proper to take in the premises. 

He takes leave furthermore to say that, in consequence of the late 
division of the county, and of the militia thereof, it is the desire of both 
Major Renick and himself to retina from active service therein. 

John Mayo, Alexander McRae, and John Guerrant to the 


August 27 Report as a committee of the Council to examine the progress and 
quality of the masonry done at the public manufactory of Arms. 

Represent that very little of the work is done which by the contnict 
should have been completed, and that much of the wall is not perpen- 
dicular or straight. 

That in the foundation of the East wall of a wing, a very gross deceiv 
tion attempted. The stone is in many places so soft and rotten as to be 
broken in pieces by the stamping of a man's foot, entirely insufficient to 
sustain the weight designed to be put U])()n it, therefore advise that this 
portion of the wall be taken down and rebuilt of hard well burnt brick. 




Transniittiiig a partial list of arms and accoutrements and their con- 1799. 
dition in the possession of the 68th Regiment of Militia. August 31 

The De])ositions of J. Stephenson, A. Waggener and others, are on file August 31, 
setting forth, that at a Court fpr Berkeley County held on the 29th of ^^^''^^^^^y ^• 
August, 1799: fifteen Justices being present, the following gentlenaen were 
unanimously nominated as i)roper persons to be recommended to the 
Executive for additions to the Justices of the Peace for said County. 

The Magistrates who made the nominations, deeming it imi>ort{int to 
have the concurrence of a number of others who were known to be in 
the Town on that day, sent the Sheriff to re<iuest their attendance at the 
Court, who personally conveyed to them the wishes of the ('ourt, but 
failed to induce their presence. 

Nat. Shepard to the Governor. 

The whole balance of Ciish remaining in the Treasury on this day, is August 31 
three thousand four hundred and twelve dollars and twenty-three cents, 
which I suppose it is necessary I should make known to you. 

Your ob't serv't. 

G. K. Taylor, E. Carrinoton, and J. Gibbon to the Governor. 
Recommending S. Leonard as Health Officer at City Point. 

August 31 , 

The memorial of John Hunter, Wm. Alexander, Wm. Riddle, C'has. Sept. 1, 
Orrick, (Jeo. Port^rfield, Nicholas Orrick, Wm. Porter field, James Wil- ^^''^'^'^y ^'^• 
»>n, James Anderson, Jas. Cami>bell, A. Waggener and other Justices, 
members of the Court of Berkeley ('ounty. 

To the Governor and Council respectfully sheweth: That the majority 
of the Court being convinced that the western portion of tlie county has 
long suffered much inconvenience for the want of a sufficient number of 
Magistrates, did at the session on the 29th of August last, nominate three 
gentlemen in that vicinity, to be recommended for the commission of the 

That a minority of the court, together with the Clerk, immediately saw 
fit to interpose obstacles to the action of the niajority, with the purpose 


\7{9if. of flefeatinjr the cf>nuni«Hion of the gentlemen nominated; whereupon, 
lUirke\evbo ^^'^ ^'<^"rt ha« deputed one of their number to appear before the Executive, 
for the purf>OHe of laying before them all the facte connected with the 
controverny, in order to obtain their judgment on the case. 

Thos. Bucknbr to the Govbrnor. 

Hept. fJ, Applying for appointment a« Superintendent of Arsenal. 

< tloticeHter 

Alexander Quarrier to the Governor. 

H4»pt. 7, Stating eflbrts to contract for Shingles for the roofs of the public build- 

Uichinond ;„,_„ 

Ent^losing copy of contract with Geo. Capron, of Deep Creek, for sev- 
enty thousand Juniper Shingles, deliverable at Rocket's Landing before 
the 4 til day of November next, at Sixteen Dollars per thousand. 

John Lewis to Sam'l Coleman. 

Sept. 8, Report of number and condition of arms in possession of company of 

'county Artillery anuexeil to 14tli Brigade, 4th Regiment, 4th Division. 

A. Barret's Proposition to the Governor. 

Sept. 9, Proposition for shingling the roofs of the Penitentiary building. He 

Kichuiond ^^jij jjy^^gjj ^Ij^j shingles — viz., draw and joint and sijuare them, and 

shingle tlie nH)fs, for four dollars per stjuare; and for all vallies and hips, 
one shilling and Uiree pence per foot running measure. 

Sept, 12 Jan^es Singleton s Bond as agent for collecting arrears of Taxes in 
Brigade District, including Freilerick and Berkeley, witli Ji^seph Ted- 
luill Hs security, on file. 

J. Clarke to the Governor. 

Sept, 14 IVMisitlers A. R\m»tV pro|H»sal for rw>fing the Penitentiary house (in 

the nnigh et>ndition of the shingles^ furnished) a reaisonable one. 



Home k Wheeler to the Governor. 

Propose U> manufacUire anus at their feotorv in (\ili>ei>er. One thou- l"^« 
. ' Sent 'M 

sand stand in fifteen months froiu date of contnu*t on C\x>kV plan, the ^>|J|j4wr iV 

gun and Bayonet conipleat at fifteen IX^IIar?, ei|ual to |iateni furnisluHl, 

with the American Eagle engraved on the plate of tlie lock. 

Amos Alexander to the Governor. 

Asking for as many copies of the revised code as can l^e s|>ared for the Sept 2S. 
use of the authorities of Alexandria. Alexandria 

Charles Williams to the Governor. 

Stjiciting the appointment of Master Armourer in the new Armory at iVt 1, 
Richmond, and forwarding certificates of qualifications. . p^JJTy ^ 

Ro. (^UARLES to the GOVERNOR. 

Forward inu the proi^osals of two parties for furnishing R;itions and 
i^pirit** to the Arsenal at Point of Fork for the ensuing year — requesting 
the Executive to choose between them. 

Oi^t, 1. 

Henry IIiost to the Governor. 

Informing him that in conseijuence of the resignation of the Attorney- 
General, he is desirous of instructions as to a judgment lately obtained 
by the Commonwealth vs. Wm. Aitcheson in the Borough Court of 

CVt. 7, 

John Dawson to the Governor. 

Asking that the permission to act as a suttler for the Arsenal at Point (Vt. 11 
of Fork which he had last year, may be again extended under the same 


You will have received the usual Quarterly Return of Arms and Mili- Oct. 11, 
tary Stores at 'the Arsenal. Areonal 




Oi-t. 11, 

Since doling the report I have sent for and received the Arms, <fec., 
delivered to Gapt Ar. McRea, and by him deposited with Mr. Francis E. 
Harris, Quartermaster to the l()2nd Reg't of Militia. The Arms, tfec, 
received are as follows : 47 Muskets, 45 Bayonets, and 39 Cartridge boxes, 
in which, on a cursory view, I find the folhnving defects, viz: Two Mus- 
kets broken off at the Breach, 1 Guard lost, two tumble pins do., 1 lock 
and lock pin do., 2 side plates and 4 side pins do., 4 Cartridge Box Belts, 
and 18 Pickers and Brushes also lost. 

By order of the Executive, there were issued some time past 50 stand 
of arms to Capt. John Tinsley, of the county of Fluvanna, for the use 
of his company. He is now promoted to the command of a Battalion, 
and I am now informed that they are in a wretched state of abuse. 

With the permission of the Executive, I will have them brought to 
the Arsenal, repaired, and put away. 

Your Excellency will receive the Pay Rolls, <fec., for the present quar- 
ter after they have been duly examined, and as this is the season at which 
the Superintendent wishes to purchase winter clothing for the Guard, it 
will lie expedient that about two hundred dollars be ordered on account. 

I have the honor, dc. 

Robert Pollard to the Governor. 

Oct. 17, 

Altho* the agents for Mr. Swan did not accede to the proposal made 
for the 4,000 stand of arms, they have since authorized me to contract 
for them, or for those only that have arrived at this place, as may lie 
most agreeable to you. 

If you are disposed to purchase, please to inform me the highest price 

you will give. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Oct. 18, 

Dumfries District Court, 10th of Octoba-, 1799, 

Ordered, that the Keeper of the Public Jail of this District do certify 
to the Executive the escape of Matthew Anderson, who stands indicted 
for horse-stealing, specifying the time and manner of his escape, together 
with a description of his person. 

A copy — Teste: 

J. Lawson, C. D. C. 

Jno. Clarke to the Executive. 

Oct. 19 Mr. Bates, in order to drain the water from the foundations of the 

Tri})-hammer Forges, has cut, or is now cutting, two long and very deep 


trenches, which are more difficult than the ordinary digging. He there- 1799. 
fore requests that two or three referees may be appointed to view the ^'^ ' ^^ 
work and decide upon the additional payment which he thinks himself 
entitled to. 


Asking for commissions for Officers of the 21st Regiment of Militia as Oct. 20, 

^11 Gloucester 


William Robins in the room of Thomas Whiting, Dead, Richard Til- 
lage in the room of Joseph Cluverius promoted. Peter Wiatt in the 
n>om of Francis 8. Stuhbs, promoted, (.'harles Grymes in the room of 
Richard Tillage, promoted, William P. Byrd, in the room of William 
Robins, promoted. 

Robert Pollard to the Governor. 

I have been honored with your favor of this date and note the con- Oct. 21, 
tents. • Richmond 

The lowest price I am authorized to take for the 4,000 stand of arms 
is eleven dollars,, the stand complete, to be paid for as they arrive, which 
I hope will be thought sufficiently low, when compared with the price 
Mr. Swan was to have received if this had answered to the sample. 

I have the honor, &c. 

At a court of Oyer and Terminer held for the county of Southampton Oct. 25 
at the court-house of said county on the 25th day of October, 1799, for 
the trial of Sam, a negro man slave belonging, or supposed to belong to 
Joshua Butte of the county of Warren in the State of Georgia, charged 
with consi)iring, making insurrection, and rebelling against his lawful 
master, and of assaulting and murdering the said Joshua l^utte and one 
Harris Spiers, on the high road leading from Broadwater to Jarusalem, 
on the evening of the 15th instant. 

Present: Benjamin Blunt, Edmund Tyler, Robert Goodwyn, James 
Wiellar, Jesse Browne, Sam'l Calver, Charles Briggs and Daniel Bulls, 

The court being thus constituted, theprisoner was set to the bar by the 
Sheriff of this county, to whose custody he had been heretofore commit- 
ted, and charged with the insurrection, rebellion and nmrder aforesaid to 
which he plead not guilty: whereuj)on divers witnesses being examined, 
and the prisoner by counsel heard in his defense, the court on consider- 
ation thereof, and the circumstances of the case, are of opinion that the 


1799. prisoner is guilty of the assault and murder aforesaid, and being asked 
Oct. 2o jf j^g jj^ anything to say why the court should not proceed to pronounce 
sentence of death, he said he had nothing but what had already been 

Therefore it is considered by the court, that the s'd slave Sam, be taken 
to the Jail from whence he came, and from thence on the 25th day of 
November next to the place of Execution, and there between the hours 
of one and three o'clock in the afternoon, be hung by the neck until he is 
dead, and it is said t<^ the Sheriff of this County that he cause this sen- 
tence to be duly put in execution. 


Benjamin Blunt. 


Sam'l Kei^o, Cl'k. 

The Court now here value the said slave Sara to two hundred and sixty 

On the same day similar proceedings were had by the same court for 
the trial of Isaac and Jerry, belonging the said Harris Speirs of the 
county of Columbia, in the stat« of Georgia, and of Isaac, otherwise 
called Hatter Isaac, belonging to Joshua Butte, of the county of Warren, 
in the state of Georgia, for participating in the insurrection, rebellion 
against, and murder of the said Speirs and Butte, for which the said 
negroes were all condemned and executed. 

Memo. Whereas it appears to the Court of Oyer and Terminer, from 
sufficient information, that the slaves Sam, Isaac, Hatter Isaac and Jerry 
this day condemned by the sentence of this Court, were purchased by 
Benjamin Drew and Wm. Boykin in the State of Maryland, to-wit: Sam 
])y Wm. Boykin, and the other three by Benjamin Drew, aiwl imported 
into this State within three months last past — that the said Sam was 
Kold by Wm. Boykin and the other three by Benjamin Drew to Harris 
Speirs and Joshua Butte, citizens of the Sta,te of Geoi^a, who knowing 
the said slaves were so imported — that Speirs and Butte were conveying 
these slaves with many others, thro' this County on their way to Georgia 
or some of the Southern States when the murder was committed, and 
this Court conceiving that such importation and sale of slayes are con- 
trary to the spirit and meaning of the existing laws of this State, direct 
and order that the circumstances afore^said l>e represented and certified to 
the Executive of this State. 


Benjamin Blunt. 
Attest : 

Sam'l Kelso, C. S. C. 


William Wilson to the Governor. 

Inclosed is a certificate of Mr. Shield's failure to give bond for the col- 1799. 

Oct 'Hj 
lection of the Taxes, which it is my duty to forward. Portsmouth 

On Monday last, Mr. Shield produced his commission and informed 
the court he would accept it and (jualify accordingly, but as the collection 
of the Taxes was a troublesome and unprofitable part of the office, he 
was unwilling to perform it, and would not bind himself to do so unlass 
the C'ourt should be of opinion that the office of Sheriff* and collector of 
the Taxes are inseparable. 

This was the question before the Court. They decided that the law 
docs admit a sheriff* in office without an obligation to collect the Taxes, 
and he was admitted in this manner. Mr. Shield, at whose request the 
above remarks are made, was and says he is yet ready to give a bond 
for the collection of the Revenue of 1799 if your opinion is different 
from that of the Court. 

Elisha C. Dick to the Governor. 

Informing him that in obedience to his proclamation for the observ- Oct. 26, 
ance of quarantine on the 10th day of July last, he had established it ®^^^ "* 
and continued it till the 10th Inst. 

Capt. Patterson has been employed with his hands at one guinea a 


Some vessels from Philadelphia have performed a probationary quaran- 
tine owing to the shortness of the voyage. The Captiiin of the Watch 
had been discharged on the lOth Inst., promising continued watehfulness 
by himself; sending his claim for services at £40. 

Jos. 8tkve, Griffin Taylor, and Jas. Chipley to the Governor. 

Soliciting a pardon for Elisha Johnson, convicted in the District Court Oct. 26 
at Winchester of Horse-stealing and condenmed to be hanged. 

Ro. Quahles to the Governor. 

Fonvarding the rei^uest of W. Weaver for an advance of cash to enable Oct 28, 
him to lay in his winter's supply of provisions for the Arsenal hands. umbia 


Berkeley, Set — October Court : 

171H). Oniered, that John Vance he recommended to the Executive as a 

Oct 28 . 

pro|>er person to be apf)ointed Captain of a Musc|uetry Cbmpany in the 

First Battalion of the 67th Regiment of Militia, in the room of George 

Porterfield, resigned ; John Myers as Lieutenant, in the room of the said 

Vance, promoted ; and John Vaulk ss Ensign, in the room of said Myers, 


Ordered, that Samuel Blackmore be recommended to the Executive as 
a proper j)erson to be appointed Captain of a Musquetry Comi>any 
annexed to the Second Battalion of 55th Reg't, in the room of John W. 
lyocke, resigned; John Grantham as Lieutenant, in the room of said 
Blackmore, promoted; and Hannon McKnight as Ensign, in the room of 
said Grantham, promoted. 

Ordered, That T/Cwis Evans be recommended to the Executive as a 
pmper person to be appointed Lieutenant in Captain Jacob H. Manning's 
Company of Light Infantry, annexed to the said Battalion and Regiment, 
in the room of William Tate, who refuses to serve, and Leonard David- 
son as Ensign, in the room of said Evans, promoted. 

A copy — Teste: 

H. Bedixger, C. B. C. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Nov. 4. Advising the discontinuance of the quarantine. Liforming him that 

Norfolk ]Vfessr8. Hamilton & Co. are taking depositions in the suit against him on 
account of the shipment of horses. Asking the advice of Edmund Ran- 
dolph. Attorney (jeneral. 

John Gurrant to the Governor. 

Nov. 9, Praying remission of damages for failure to pay into the Treasury the 

Goochland j^evenue for 179f> and 17^^7 according to law, the same being at this time, 
principal, interest, and costs, all paid up. 


Nov. 9, Informing him of the completion of his contract for work done at the 

Richmond Armory, and that his receipts have barely covered his expenses. 

Asking for the remainder of the work at sixteen shillings per perch, 
wet and dry, the jmblic finding lime. 


W. Berkeley to the Governor. 

Always desirous of acting in my official capacity in such a manner as 1799. 
to obviate the charge of negligence should any unforeseen accident hap- Xm^urV 
pen, I take the liberty of informing your Excellency and the Honorable Office 
Board that, in consequence of the increase of the Taxes, the receipts into 
the Treasury are so considerable as to compel me to risciue a very con- 
siderable sum in a wooden chest. The Iron one which by permission I 
have contracted for has not yet arrived. Fearing in the meantime an 
accident might possibly happen, I thought it incumbent on me to submit 
it to the consideration of the Honorable Executive. 

I remain yours, &c. 

Litt'n W. Tazewell to the Governor. 

A few days before the session of the last District Court of Suftblk, I Nov. 10. 
received your letter retaining me on the part of the Oommon wealth in a '^"^S^ ^"^ 
8uit there depending between the Commonwealth and William Aitcheson. 
A severe and painful illness, which has confined me for a long time, pre- 
vented my attending that court during its last session, and has until now 
prevented my answering your letter. The case standing on the court 
docket as a new supersedeas to the last term, could not, of course, have 
been taken up. At the next session it will certainly come on, however, 
and you may rely upon my particular attention then. Whether other 
counsel may be necessary or not it is impossible for me to say without 
seeing the record, but assistance is at all times agreeable to me, and if the 
case be of consequence to the Commonwealth, may be of utility and 

great advantage. 

I am, &c. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

I rece'd your Exc'y's of the 18th and shall immediately discharge the Nov. 15, 
Q. boat. The Frigate building here will be launched about the last of Norfolk 
this month. It would have given me much pleasure ******** 
seen your Excellency and Council here at the time, and am sorry it should 
happen at this period, when public affairs require all our attendance. 

I am, (fee. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

1799. Giving it a« his opinion that the price at which Ninnan Wyse offers 

Ridi^mond ^ ^^ ^^^^ raasonry at the Armory reasonably low. 

As it is the wish of the Executive that some accommodation should 
be provided at the Penitentiary to receive convicts by the month of 
April, informs them that lx)cks, hinges, bolts, and Sheet Iron must be 
speedily provided, which must be imported. That the scaffolding erected 
for shingling the roof should be also used to do the painting while 

Howell Lewis to the Governor. 

Nov. 16, Resigning office in 6th Reg't of Artillery. Recommending Lieut. Lit- 

Richmond ^^lebury Weaver to fill his place. 

Nov. 16 The subscribers, judges of the General Court, have, pursuant to law, 
allotted the Judges of the respective District Courts as follows: 

William Nelson, jr., and Robert White, jr., Es<i'rs, to the District of 
Winchester, Hardy, and Monongalia Courthouse; John Tyler and Paul 
Carrington, Esq's, to the District of Richmond, Petersburg, Brunswick 
Courthouse, and Stafford; Ednmnd Winston and James Henry, Esq's, to 
the districts of Prince Edward Courthouse, New Loudon, Washington 
Courthouse, and the Sweet Springs, in Botetourt County ; Joseph Pren- 
tis and St. George Tucker, Esq's, to the district of Northumberland 
Courthouse, King and Queen Courthouse, W'msburg, and Accomack 
Courthouse; and Richard Parker and Joseph Jones, Esq's, to Staunton, 
Charlottesville, Fredericksburg, and Dumfries Districts, at the next suc- 
ceeding terms thereof. 

Witness our hands this fifteenth day of November, 1799. 

Jos. Prentis, 


S. G. Tucker, 


John Tyler, 


Wm. Nei^son, jr.. 


Rob't White, jr.. 


A Copy: 

P. Carrington, Ju'r. [Seal.] 
W. Allen, C. G. C. 

Nov. 20 Washington County, Virginia: 

I do hereby certify that at the Battle that was fought near the 
Great Island on Holstein River with the Cherokee Indians, in the year 


one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, I commanded a Militia 1799. 
company, and tliat Robert Campbell was in the said company; that Nov. 20 
during the action he was in front, and in that part of the line the Indians 
made the first attack, and that he acquitted himself well and behaved as 
a good soldier. I do also certify that he, the said Robert Campbell, 
served in the same company with me on the Expedition against the 
Shawnee Indians in the year 1774; also in the Expedition against the 
Cherokee Indians in the year 1776, and that he always behaved as a 
good soldier, and that during the late war I never heard of him being 
spoken otherwise of by the officers with whom he served. 
Given under my band this 20th day of November, 1799. 

John Campbell. 

I). Fisher, John Allison, Wm. Warren and Others to the 


Beg leave to represent that two black men, both named Isaac, now Nov. 20, 
under sentence of death by the Court of Oyer and Terminer, of South- ^n ^^unty 
ampton county, are said to be free citizens of the State of Maryland, 
who were imported into the State of Virginia contrary to the Act of the 
General Assembly in such cases, made and provided, by Benjamin Drew, 
and sold as slaves to two men from the State of Georgia — viz., Josua 
Butts and Harris Spiers, for the murder of whom sentence of death has 
^n pronounced against said Isaacs in the said court, to be carried into 
execution on Monday, the 25th day of this instant. 

Your petitioners are humbly of opinion that under these circumstances 
the Court of Oyer and Terminer, in Southampton, had no authority to 
prosecute the said persons to conviction, and therefore pray that your 
Excellency would suspend the execution until this matter can certainly 

The certiticates of character and military services of Robert Campbell Nov. 20 
a»d Robert Preston in a controversy between them for the Colonelcy of 
the 105 Regiment of the Virginia Militia are on file. 

Pat. Home and Geo. Wheeler to the (iovernor. 

Your favor of the 5th inst. we yesterday received; in answer to which Nov. 22, 
we have only to observe that we are willing to comply with our pro- ^»i'P®P«^ 
\mz\H given on the 25 ulto., and as soon as the contract can l)c forwarded 
to give the necessary security. 

We have the honor, &c. 



James P. Prestox to the Governor. 

1799. S^iliciting a piece of Artillerv and 50 stand of small arms for his Com- 

Nov "^ ^ * 

sinithfieid I**"-^' ^^ Artillery now organized. 

Nov. 25. 

Chas. Johnston to the Governor. 

Mr. Pollard^s indis|>osition has prevented a r^:Qlar reply to your favor 
of the 23rd insU and still continuing too unw^ to attend to business, he 
has authorized me to say, that the great difficulty which it appeared to 
Mr. Swan s agent at Boston, would arise in procuring proper persons at 
this place, to fix the difference in the value of the arms, made them 
anxious that the price should be agreed u|K)n between the parties with- 
out ha\ing recourse to the other mode. But finding that the Board have 
come to a determination not to receive them upon any other terms than 
those pro|x»sed on the 10th of SeptV, he has authorized me to say that 
that proposal will be accepted, and that he will immediately proceed to 
appoint a proper prrson to act in the valuation on the part of Mr. Swan, 
and will expect your Excellency to take the same steps on behalf of the 


I am Sir, &c. 

Richmond, Aor. 2M, 1799. 

I have received instructions from the agents of Mr. Swan, to oflTer you 
the arms at ten dollars pV stand. The balance of the first contract have 
arrived at New York, but in consequence of your not accepting the last 
oflTer that was made of them, orders were given for disi)osing of theiii. 
there: if that should be carried into effect, only those that have arrived 
here can be delivered you, but if they are not sold, and you accede to 
my ofler, they will be immediately ordered round. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Robert Polijird. 

Nov. 27, 

Thomas Xewtok, Jr., to the Governor. 

Enelijsing Dr. Read's Reixirt of vessels visited by him as Inspector of 
Quarantine, and to his faithfulness to duty. 

Norfolk, 22 Nor. 1799. 
Dkar Sir: 

You have enclose a general rejjortof vessels examined by me 

under your orders from 20th June. You will however recollect that I 


visited manv before that date. I leave to vou to describe the trouble and 
fatigue of such a business, and the injur}" it must be to a man in practice. 
I leave it also to say if I was faithful in discharge of my duty. 

I am, d'C. 

J. K. Read. 

Report of vessels visited by J. K. Read, Health Oflicer at Norfolk, 
from 20th of June, 1799, to 22nd Nevember: 

No. of vessels visited, 126 

No. of men inspected, 1,<>87 

He leaves to the Executive the measure of his compensation. 


Nov. 27, 

Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. 

Enclosed herewith I do myself the honor of submitting to the Execu- 
tive a copy of a report and statement of the public Arms which have 
been issued to the Militia, made by me and submitted to the Executive 
the 9th of January last 

I do this in consequence of an order of Council of the 16th July last, 
and accompany the said inclosures with all the answers which have been 
received to letters which were wrote in pursuance of the aforesaid order 
of Council. 

These letters stand recorded in a book, also herewith submitted, which 
is kept in the office of the Adjutant-General, and which may at any time 
he adverted to. I have to request, sir, that these inclosures, together with 
the said letters, recorded as aforesaid, may be considered as a report of 
the manner in which the aforesaid order of Council has been executed 
hy me in behalf of the Adjutant-General. 

I have, &c. 

Sussex County, to wit: 

The Court proceeded to recommend officers to fill vacancies in the 
Militia of this county, as follows, to wit: 

Robert Booth as Colonel Commandant in place of William Massenburg, 
'^ho has resigned. 

William Peters, Second Lieutenant under Thos. Booth, Captain of a 
company of Cavalry. 

Thomas Hunt, jun'r, comet to the same company. 

Joseph Wrenn, lieutenant in place of Howell Jones, who is promoted. 

Samuel Jones, Lieutenant in place of Mark Harwell, deceased. 

Nov. 29, 




Nov. 30 

A copy — ^Teste: 

James C. Bailey. 


Ln the Senate, 
Thursday, DecenUper Stk, 1799. 

1799. The House proceeded, according to the order of the day, by joint ballot 

with the House of Delegates to the choice of a Senator for the State in 
the Senate of the United States, to supply the vacancy occasioned by the 
death of Henry Tazewell, Esquire; and the members having prepanxl 
tickets with the names of the persons balloted for, and deposited the 
same in the ballot boxes, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Eyre, Mr. Spencer, Mr. Strother, 
and Mr. Preston were nominated a committee to meet a committee from 
the House of Delegates in the conference chamber, and jointly with them 
to examine the ballot boxes and re|>ort to the House on whom the 
majority of votes should fall. 

The committee then withdrew, and aft^r some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Taylor reported that the committee have, according to 
order, met a committee from the House of Delegates in the conference 
chamber, and jointly with them examined the ballot boxes and found a 
majority of votes in favor of Wilson Cary Nicholas. 

Teste : 

H. Brooke, C. S. 

In the Senate, 
Friday, December the 6(h, 1799, 

Dec. 6 The House proceeded, according to the order of the day, by joint bal- 

lot with the House of Delegates to the choice of a Governor or Chief 
Magistrate of this C/Ommon wealth for one year; and the members haNing 
prepared tickets with the names of the persons ballotted for, and 
deposited the same in the ballot boxes, Mr. Spencer, Mr. Hassett, Mr. 
Temple, Mr. Faulcon, and Mr. Hudgins were nominated a committee to 
meet a committee fron> the House of Delegates in the conference cham- 
ber, and jointly with them to examine the ballot boxes and rei)ort to the 
House on whom the majority of votes should fall. 

The Committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Spencer reported that the committee had, according to 
order, met a committee from the House of Delegates in the conference 
chamber, and jointly with them examined the ballot boxes and found a 
majority of votes in favor of James Monroe. Escjuire. 


H. Brooke, C, S. 

Geo. Winston to the Governor. 

Dec. 9 Desiring to have the Bricks counted that have been laid since last 

count at the Penitentiary. 


Offering to make what will be necessary to complete the work at 38s. 1799. 
per M, and to furnish single-moulded Brick for imtside without extra *^- ^ 
charge. Lime at 17d. per bushel. 

Mkri. Jones to the Governor. 

Asking for an aclvance of $3()() to aid him in completing the binding IX'o. 10 
of the Laws of C-ongress. 

John Minor to the Governor. 

Since my return home from Richmond 1 have received a letter from Dec. 10, 
Col. Thos. liCe in answer to one I wrote him from Richmond respecting I'rede^ckfl- 
the 8uit of Bristoe vs. the Connnonwealtli. The following is a copy of 
his letter to me : 

"1 have received your favor from Richmond: your former letter never 
came to hand. When I was in Richmond, in May last, I gave the (iov- 
^rnor all the information I was jx)ssessed of on the subjwt you have 
written about This was done in writing, which I presume he nmst 
have mislaid; however, it was to this amount. The names of the C'om- 
'Tiissioners appointed by the British Government to ascertain the value 
of the l^nds belonging to the refugees, and confiscated during the Amer- 
Joan Revolution, I have never been able to learn. Their Secretary's name 
^aij Robert McKenzie. The names of the Commissioners, I presume, 
'Might l>e found out by reference to a Court Callender for the years 
1783-4 or '5. If that could not be done, as it is possible that the Com- 
missioners and Secretary may be dead, or not now residing in the city of 
liondon, an attested copy of the payment for confiscated Lands to the 
widow or heirs of Robert Bristoe, in Virginia, I suppose, might be had 
from the records of the Commissioners, which no doubt is in some public 
office in the city of Ix)ndon. I hope this information will be suflicient 
to enable the Governor to take the necassary steps to procure the 

I think, sir, it will be necessary to employ an agent in Ix)ndon to 
procure the necessary testimony. The object of the controversy is con- 
siderable. I think I mentioned to you as a fit agent, Mr. John Rennolds, 
formerly of Tap jiahan nock, now of Ix>udoun, as a proj)er agent 

I am, «fec. 

Samuel McCraw and John Mayo, Esquires, members of the Privy j^ ^j 
Council, or Council of State, removed from oftice in accordance with the 
provision of the Constitution for securing rotation. 


I7f)9. Alexander Stewart, Esq., elected a member of the Privy Council in the 

^^* ^" room of Hardin Burnley, resigned. 

Dec. 12 William Foushee, Esq., elected member of the PriA^ Council in the 

room of John Allen, deceased. 

Dec. 12 John Clo|)ton and James Wood, Esquires, elected members of the 

Privy Council in the room of Samuel McCraw and John Mayo. 

Dec. 13 The qualification of Alexander Stewart and Wm. Foushee, Esfjuires, 

as members of the Privy Council of Virginia, before Miles Selden, a Jus- 
tice of the Peace for Henrico county. 

Joel Browne to the Governor. 

Dec. 13, Replying to letter of inquiry as to the emancipation of negro Isaac, 
/*^Qj"^ ^ convicted in the Court of Southampton of participating in the murder of 
Joshua Butte and Harris Seirs; denying his statement as to his having 
emancipated said Isaac. 

Asking for a reprieve for him. 

James Price to the Governor. 

Dec. 15, In reply, says that negro man Sam, convicted in the Court of South- 

Baltimore am[)ton for the murder of Joshua Butte and Harris Siers, claiming his 
freedom was not entitled thereto. 

The Board took into consideration the situation of old Sam, Isaac and 
Hatter Isaac, condemned by the Court of — for the murder of — , and 
do advise that a further reprieve be extended to them till Fry day the — 
day of — next, and that the Governor be requested to transmit a copy 
of all the correspondence relative to this case to the Governor of Mary- 
land, requesting him to cause enquiry to be made respecting the claim to 
freedom asserted by the said Isaac and Hatter Isaac, and that he will be 
pleased to transmit the result of such enquiry to the Executive of this 

City of Richmond, to-wit: 
Dec. 19 I do hereby certify that I have administered the oath prescribed 

by law to be taken by the Governor or Chief Magistrate of this Common- 


wealth, unto James Monroe, Esq'r, who hath been duly elected to that 1799. 
office. ^^' ^^ 

Given under my hand this 19th day of December, 1799. 

Wm. Duval. 

In the HoUSK of DELKtSATES, 

Resolved, That the Executive be requested to lay before this House, a Dec. 20 
statement of the number of arms which have been issued from the pub- 
lic Arsenal to the Militia of this Commonwealth, during seven years last 
past and not returned thereto, and to whom, and the condition of the 

said anns so issued. 

Teste : 

Wm. Wirt, C. H. D. 

Meri. Jones to the Governor. 

Forwarding his acc't for printing the laws of Congress: accounting for Dec. 20 
the increased cost of the same work, as done by his predecessor. 

Jacob Cooke to the Governor. 

Offering to contract to manufacture one thousand muskets, the same Dec. 21, 
as the Charleville make, at thirteen dollars and one half each, within fif- Richmond 
teen months from date of contract, provided lie can have an advance of 
five hundred dollars, for which he will give ample security. 

Alex'r Gibson to J. Pendleton. 

\Me last night I was honored with your letter of the 14th, per the Dec. 21, 
Guide accompanying the two Chickasaw Indians, one of them appa- gtaunton'^ 
rently weak and dangerously indisposed, not able to proceed further. 
However, every attention shall be paid to his present situation, and such 
reasonable aid as humanity may dictate shall be afforded for his further 
relief and comfort. 

Your apology for troubling me with these people is perfectly satis- 

I have, &c. 

M. Armstrong to the Governor. 

Resigning the commission of Captain of Cavalry in the 8rd Regiment Dec. 21 
in consequence of holding a commission as collector of direct U. S. Tax. 
Recommending William Martin as Captain of Cavalry in his room. 


Dec. 21 


In Senate. 

The House proceeded according to the order of the day, by joint bal- 
lot with the House of Delegates, to the choice of a Treasurer for this 
Commonwealth. The Committees, after counting the ballots, reported 
the majority of votes in favor of William Berkeley. 

Teste : 

H. Brooke, C. S, 

C. Scott to the Governor. 

Dec. 25 Asking compensation for forty horsemen Swords which he had pur- 

chased for the use of the company of Prince Edward Cavalry under his 
command, from Campbell & Clarke, at the cost of £74.17.6. 

Robert Pollard to the Governor. 

Dec. 28, I have the honor to inform you that the balance of the 4,00() stand of 

Richmond ^^ms that Mr. Swan engaged to furnish have arrived, and that I shall be 

read}' to carry the last contract into effect as soon as I can procure a 

proper person to make the valuation. In the meantime, please inform 

me when you think it will be convenient for you to have the valuation 


I have, tfrc. 

Dec. 28. 



Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. 

Inclosed herewith is a copy of a statement of the public arms which 
have been issued to the Militia by order of the Executive since May, 
1792, accompanied by a report to the Governor on the subject, dated the 
9th of January, 1799; a copy of tlie return of those issued from the 
Point of Fork since December, 1793, stating also the number which have 
been returned to that place, and a coi>y of a report on this subject which 
was made to the Governor the 29th ultimo. 

These j)aper8 contain all the infonnation which it is in my i>ower to 
give respecting the public arms issued to the Militia, except that twenty- 
seven Muskets and twenty-three Bayonets of the number issued to Caj)- 
tain Reul)en George, are returned and now in the care of the Keeper of 
the Capitol, and in the same situation are forty-six Muskets, forty-five 
Bayonets, and fifty Cartridge Boxes of those which were issued to Cap- 
tain Philip N. Nicholas, all very much out of repair. 

I may further add that an advice of Council is entered on the Journal 
imder date of the 15th of October last, thftt the arms issued from the 


Arsenal, as they are returned, be rej)aired at the expense of the officers 1799. 

who have received them. /\5.^* «;i 

I have, <kc. Office 

Muskets. Bayonets. Cartridge boxes. 

No. issued, - - 3,78f> 3,786 3,786 

No. returned, - - 138 127 112 

3,648 3,659 3,674 

Robert Pollard to the (Governor. 

I have received your favor of the 28th, and shall direct the arms to Dec. 30, 
be sent to the Capitol to the care of Capt. Coleman as soon as the weather ^^^^""^^^"d 
will permit. 

On examining the contract, I do not think Mr. Swan bound to i)ay 
any expense after delivering them in Richmond, and 1 have no reason to 
sui>pose that there is not a coincidence in our opinions on this subject 
from anything contained in your Letter. 

I have, &c. 


Robert McCormick & Co. to the Governor. 

We take the liberty of sending you enclosed Copy of a Letter from Dec. 30, 
James Wood, Esq'r, late Governor of the State of Virginia, respecting v;^f 
proposals we made under date of the 12th of August last for furnishing 
that State with four thousand stand of arms, being approved of and 
accepted in council. We also send copy of our answer thereto dated 
20th November. Since that |>eriod we have not hail the honor of any 
communication respecting the ctmtract. This delay, we presume, hiis 
arisen in consequence of the changes which have taken j)lace in the 

Lentil the contract be perfected we cannot compleat our arrangements 
for carrying it into effect. 

We therefore request that your Excellency will have the goodness to 
have the contract forwarded here, and also to inform us who your Agent 
is whom you have appointed to receive and pay for the arms when 

Expecting the honor of a reply, we remain, &c. 

Gix)be Mill, Philadeli^hia, J 2 Aug., 1799, 
His Excellency, James Woon: 

Having seen your advertisement for four thousand stand of arms 

for the State of Virginia, we beg leave to propose making them on the 



1709. terms which are given U8 by the Uuitetl States for musketn mounted with 
Pbuid^i- Iron, which are $13 40-lCO for each Musket and Bayonet (no scabbard;. 

phia If thef<e terms he acceptable, by an application to the Secretary of War 

an Inspector may l>e appointed here to examine the work as done for the 
United States; and on the delivery of fifty stand of arms, which would 
I)as8 InsjKx^tion, it would be necessary that a previous arrangement 
should be made to enable us then to receive payment therefor, as our 
esUiblishment fat present in its infancy) will not permit our l>eing in 
advance, or even of the payment being delayed. We can furnish fifty 
muskets c»ach week without that interfering with our Engagements to the 
United States. With respect to the Swords and Pistols we cannot make 
any certain proix)sal without knowing of what quality and patern they 
are to l>e. If they are to be of the same kind as those made use of by 
the United States the charge for Swords, with Scabbards, would be 
$6 50-100 each; for Pistols, without hostlers, would be $14 13-100 i>er 

We request that your Excellency will favor us with your answer as 
soon as convenient, and we engage that if these terms be acceded to, the 
workmanship in all its parts shall be as well finished as that which we 
do for the United States under their immediate Inspection. 

We remain, <fec., 

Robert McCormick & Co. 

Richmond, 5th November^ 1799. 
Messrs. Robert McCormick & Co.: 

The letter which you did me the honor to write the 12 August last^ 
was immediately submitted to the consideration of the Council of State. 
A decision on your i)roposition has been post[X)ned from time to time 
until this day. We have determined to adopt the Charleville musket, 
exactly conformable with the United States patern, and are willing to 
accede to your jiroposal to deliver to our agent in Philadelphia, fifty mus- 
kets and bayonets weekly at $13 40-100, and will upon hearing from you, 
make such arrangements as to ensure punctuality on the part of the Com- 
monwealth. So soon as 1 have the pleasure of your reply to this letter, 
1 will forward the necessary written contract. 

I have the honor, &c., 

James Wood. 

Globe Mill, Philadelphia, 2^ur. 20th. 

His Excellency Jamp:s Wood, Esy.: 

We received the honor of vour information that the honorable 
Council of Virginia had acceded to our proposition, contained in the 
letter wii had the honor to address to you on the 12th of August last, for 
the manufacture of four thousand stand of arms for the State of Vii^ginia. 


We are now read}' to enter into contract for the above arms on the 1799. 
terms mentioned in your letter, and shall commence our first deliver}' of J?^- ?^: 
arms on the first Saturday of the year 1800, at the rate of 50 stixnd j>er phia 
week until the contract is com pleated. 

We request tliat your Excellency will, through the Secretary of War 
or otherwise, appoint a proper officer for the proof of the barrels and 
inspection of the arms which we finish. We also desire to be informed 
what mark or designation these arms should bear as beting the property 
of the State of Virginia. We shall immediately after the perfecting the 
contract, make arrangements for carrying it into effect. 

Respectfully, we femain, &c. 

Robert McCormu^k & Cx>. 

Globk Mill, Philadelphta, Dec. 30th. 
Hon. .Tames Wood: 

We take the Hberty of annexing a copy of our Letter of the 20th 
of November, in answer to yours of the 5th of same month, since which 
we have not had the honor of hearing from you or receiving any infor- 
mation whatever relative to the contract being forwarded for completion. 
We request that you will have the goodness, sir, to mention the sub- 
ject in the Executive Council, as we cannot proceed with our arrangements 
for the delivery of arms until the contract be compleated. We have 
taken the lil)erty of writing to Governor Monroe by this post on the 

same subject. 

With respect, &c., 

Robert M(<)ormick & Co. 

Ro. Quarles to the Governor. 

In conformity to directions sending in accounts of expenses attending Dec. 31, 
repairs of arms issued to C^apt. Archer McRea's company, viz: Arsenal 

Ist account of repairs, $11 17 

2n(l Do., Muskets, Bayonets, Cartridge Boxes lost, and cleaning, 63 26 

$74 43 

The official Bond of William Berkeley as Treasurer of the Common- Dec 31 
wealth for one year from the date of his appointment and to the end of 
the session of the General Assembly next after the expiration of that 
I>eriod in the i>enalty of One Million of Dollars, with the following names 
affixed as securities, viz: Burwell Bassett, William Hickman, Wm. Ran- 
dolph, Carter Berkeley, Collier Harrison, Thomas Griffin, Lewis Berkeley, 
John Pendleton, is filed. 


Dec. 81 


A second official Bond of William Berkeley as Treasurer of the Ck>iri- 
monvvealth, of same date and for same period, in the penalty of One 
Million of Dollars, with the name of Wilson C. Nicholas as security, is 

De<'. 31, 

A Quarterly Return of ArmA and Military Sttrres at the State Arsenal, near 
Columbia^ from the 1st of Oetoher to tli£ 31st of Deremher, 1799, 

1 16-Inch Brass Mortar, 1 piece of Brass Ordnance, 7122 Muskets in 
good repair, 730 Muskets with ruff unground Bayonets, 900 Artillery and 
Grenidier Swords, 7 Barrels of Gun Powder, 40 Pigs of I^ead, 180 Canister 
Shot, 260 Cannon shot from 4 to 6 Pounders, 30 Rheaius of Cartridge 
Paper, 18 Barrels of Flints, 1650 Pounds of Ball and. Buck Shot. 

Work done this Quarter: 

186 Muskets repaired, cleaned, and put into the Arsenal. 

N. K — The arms lately returned to the Arsenal from some of the Light 
Infantry companies of Militia are so extremely defective as to require 
much time and labor to enable the smiths to repair them. 

Ro. QiTARLEs, Sup't. 

Dec. 31 John Buchanan and John D. Blair present their respects to his Excel- 

lency the Governor and the honorable members of the Council of Stiite. 
They beg leave to State that by the courtesy of the Executive they have 
hitherto been favored with the use of the Assembly Room (alternately) 
on the morning of the Sabbath for the performance of Divine Service, 
and make this their respectful application to the Board for the contin- 
uance of the same indulgence. 
Friday, 31st of December,. 1799. 

Dec. 31, The application of James Dillon and Jesse Kidd, SeV, soldiers at the 
Arsenal Arsenal to be allowed rations for their wives. 

Dec. 31 A i)etition of numerous citizens on Back Creek in Berkeley Count}', for 

commissions of the peace to be given to Alexander Fleming, William 
Wilson and Samuel Boyd of that vicinity. 

Dec. 31 A remonstrance of numerous citizens of Berkeley County against the 

appointment of Samuel Boyd. William Wilson and Alexander Fleming 
as Justices for said county. 


The Biiard took under their consideration, the present deranged situa- 1799. 
tion of the three Re$rinientg comj)osed of the Militia within ihv counties ^^' ^^ 
of Fairfax and Loudoun, and which has arisen from alterations latelv 
uiade in the dividing lines hetween the Raid counties. 

Whereu|K)n, it is advised, tlmt all tlie Militia, comprehended within 
Uiat part of l^oudoun lately added to the ct»untv of Fairfax, 1k' annexed 
to and made a jiart of the BOth Regiment, and that all the officx^rs hold- 
ing comniii*sioii£: in the District added to the county of Fairfax, ho trans- 
ferred Ui the 6(rtih R^ment, where they are tc» take rank frcmi their for- 
u»er commissions — ^and it is further advised, that the Brigadier-General 
or officer commanding the 6th Brigade, he instructed t^> cause Boards of 
(.officers in the 56th and oTth R^ments, to mak(» the necessary alterations 
in the Regimental, as well as the Battalion Districts, so as to make the 
effective force of each Regiment as ne^irly equal as circumstances will 
adinit^ — and that the Commandant of the Hf^th Rc^ment, cause a R<^i- 
mental Board of Officers to make the necessarv alterations in the Batta- 
licm District*^ <»f the said Regiment, conformably with the IX Section of 
tiie Militia I^w of 1795, and that Rejtorts of the several IViards be ma<ie 
t4:» the Executive, as soon as |»ossible, t-ogether with a R<»11 stating tlie rel- 
ative rank of the different gnwles of officers in each of the R^^criuients. 

Major Catesbv J<»nes of the Nort.humberland Militia, requests that some IVc. Jll, 
arms may l>e furnished tiie oTth Regiment — ^the county being entirely ^eriand Co 
destitute of the means of defence and much exjwjsed fr(»m their vicinity 
to the Bav in ctase of a sudden invasion. 

Sam'l Cralle to the Governor, 

Complaining of injuslice done him by the Court of Nortliumberland ivo. Si 
in not recommending him for a Major's Commission to which he was 
entitled l)V senioritv of nine vears over his competitor. 

I hereby certify Samuel C^ralle is the oldest Captain in the .*^7th Reg't, Deo. .*^1 
North'd Militia, and that he has long lieen an officer in said Reg't, and 
conducted liimself with as much propriety and is as g<x>il an i>fficer as 
any belonging to the Rt^'t 

Given under my hand this 22nd day of May, 1799. 

Catksbv Jones, 
Major 37th Reg^ 


I?5«*- Williani StanarvL of the CVmntr of :!^pot;5Tlruiiji. ofieis to the Com- 

*^**"' ^^ If Kjn wealth, for the |>ar|«ij(se *»f ereciing there«>a an Arsenal for the reposi- 

ton' 4t( public skmtF. a <l«»iiat»>n of ibar acre< of lantl adjoininsr the Town 

of StaiiarvLivillf. in the CVmntr of r»nin«e. on the main road leading 

fnmi Staunton, thrr^u^rh the Swift- Run (iafiu to Fieirlericfcshaiir. 

Meri. Joxes t«> the Goverxor. 

IM^.ZI Soliciting an advance of one «|uarter? Salary as Public Printer to 

enable hirn to buy some Font*? of Type in Pliilai(]elf»hia. 


Dee. 31 Recommending John Rennolds, of lx>ud4jun.' A»r attending to taking 

Depo$<ition.s at the .suit of the Commonwealth vs. Hristoe. 

Sam'L KeLLO to the riOVERXOR. 

1800. I transmit herewith copies of the reconl in the case of the Slaves men- 

{^thainD- ^'^"*^ '" your letter. I have only to add that the Court was unanimous, 
ton a circumstance omitted in the record, as had it been otherwise no con- 
demnation could have taken place. 

I am, &C. 

Jacob Cooke to the Goverxor. 

Jan. 2, Proposals for manufacturing arras for tlie Commonwealth. He will 

Richmond make Musket«. according to the Charle\dlle j>atem, at Tliirteen Dollars 

and fifty cents each, at the rate of twenty-five per week, provided he can 

get an advance of Five Hundred Dollars, to be re{>aid when the second 

hundred muskets Is delivered. 

Ro. Saunders to the Governor. 

Jan. 4 Resigning and returning bis commission as Notary Public of W'ms- 


Martin Minns to the Governor. 

Jan. 4 Asking for the apiK)intment of suitable judges to measure and value 

the extra brick work done at the Penitentiarv in 1799. 




Statement of (he Boolc-^ of the Bank of Alexandria, 6th Jannnry, 1800. 

To Bills and Notes, - 
*' Cash, 
" Hank House, 
" Ponds, 

$684,024 46 

207,1)19 77 

4,5(X) (JO 

4,911 85 

$851,356 08 


Am't Deposits, 
Bank Notes, - 
Post Notes, 
Profit and Loss, 
Dividend No. 5, 

- 8, 

- 12, 
'' 18, 

Interest, - 





$ 96,450 75 

282.(>27 50 

110,569 20 

6,874 78 

34 00 

27 00 

68 00 

171 00 

603 00 

15,219 00 

* 511 85 

338,200 00 

$851,356 08 

Alkxandria, 8 Jan'i/, 1800. 

I have the honor of enclosing your Excellency, Statement of the 
Bank of Alexandria for the last twelve months. 

I am, &c.. 

\Vm. Hubert, Pres't. 

Jan. 6 

Robert Pollard to the Governor. 

I have had the honor to receive your favor of the 6th instunt, and 
have to inform you that I have aj)|M)inted Major William Preston on the 
part of Mr. James Swan to value the arms, who is ready to |in)ceed on 
that business immediately. 

Mr. Swan having long since advanced the money for these arms, his 
interest is suffering very much in consequence thereof If you could 
relieve him hy a partial advance of money until the valuation is com- 
pleted, it would be a great accommodation. 

I have, itc. 

Jan. 8, 


James Monroe to Kdmund Randolph. 

Some slaves were not long since brought from Maryland into this State 
'>y the people who bought them there, in their ])iLssage to one of the 
luore Southern States. In Southam])ton they rose against and murdered 
their njasters. as appears by the record of the Court of that county, by 
which Court they were tried aqd condemned to suffer death. A doubt 

Jan. 8, 
In Council 




Jan. S, 

In Council 

arises under our law, which gives an incipient right of freedom to slaves 
brought from another State into this, whether, under the circumstances 
attending the case, they can be legally tried and condemned as slaves; 
and if the judgment of the Court be correct, whether the Commonwealth 
is answerable for their value as in ordinarv cases, the introduction of 
them into the State being a reprehensible act, and the proprietors and 
those claiming under them citizens of another State. 

I have to request your opinion on these points by the advice of the 
Council, and as soon as convenient, it being a case in which the Execu- 
tive will be bound to give an early decision. 

I send you all the papers appertaining to the subject, and am, with 

respect and esteem, 

Your, &c. 

Jan. 8, 

Edmund Randolph to the Governor. 

I am much indebted to your Excellencv and the Council of Stat-e, for 
their attention in calling for an opinion from me. altho' the subject of 
your favor of this afternoon awakens some sentiments of tenderness. 
Considerations however of this sort, I lay aside; and in particular I pass 
over as not being submitteil to me, all regard to the youth, simplicity, 
good character and duress of Jerry, as stated in Mr. Kello's letter of the 
2()th of November, 1709. Nor can I j)resume to judge nixm testimony 
which in this point is very imperfei't, whether if the negroes were free at 
the time of the homicide, circumstances existed which could reduce it 
from murder to manslaughter or to a justifiable act. If their fate should 
turn in the breast of the Executive upon this last en<|uiry, I suppose that 
a full statement of the evidence can be procured. 

What the condition of Hatter Isjiac and old Sam was in Maryland 
is |)lain ; the former being there a slave as certified by James Price, as 
was the latter according to the declaration of J<)el Bn)wne. Lsaae and 
Jerry claim freedom; but no document transmitted to me proves this j>re- 
tention, tho' on the other hand it does not ajipe^ir that any attempt has 
Iwen made to obtain pnK>f of this fact. 

But are they free in conse<|uence of the importation from >raryland 
into this CommonwejUth ? 

They were purchased in Maryland and bn»ught into Virginia by Ben- 
jamin Drew and William Boy kin, citizens and inhabitants of Virginia. 

The law of December the 17th, 17*J2, forbade this under a penalty on 
Drew and Boy kin ; who came not within the exceptions of persons remov- 
ing from other of the Tnited States for the sake of citizenshi]» here; or 
claiming the negn^>es by marriage, descent or devise, or being on that day 
actual owners of them and remo\nng them to Virginia, or being travellers, 
or others makuig a transient stay, and bringing the n^roes for necessary 


attendance an<l carryinjj: thefu out again. As this iiu^K>rtatiou bv Drew i800. 
and Bovkin is the only act upon which their emancipation de|H)iul8, it is uf.ljJlJh.^ 
useless to take into contemplation Butte and Spiers who were after pur- 

A principal ingredient of freeilom on account of Unnjsj brought into 
this Coniraonwealth is, that the slave brought in "Shall t>e kept ther^^in 
one whole year together, and so long at different times as shall anumnt to 
iuie year/' But they were brought in only thn^ months prtH^^ling thoir 
trial on the 25th of October, 1799. Altho\ therefore, Drew anil Hoykiu 
incurred a |)enalty, the negroes were not free at the date of the trial. 

They might never be free, as Boykin and Drew were at liberty to rts 
move them from the Commonwealth, and thus prevent the chief requisite 
towards freedom being ever fulfilled, to-wit: their being kept here for a 
twelve month at one or more times. 

They were threfore properly tried as slaves. 

As to their valuation, the law speaks thus: "Tht> value of a slave con- 
demned to die who shall suffer accordingly, &c. shall be paid by the pub- 
lic to the owner." I do not conceive that Drew and l^)vkin theniselves 
had they continued the owners of the slaves would have ]hhm\ deprived 
of the valuation, because, notwithstanding they were illegally imported, 
the relation of owner and slave continued to subsist until the expiration 
of the twelve month. 

But Drew and Boykin were not the owners at the time of the homicide. 
Butte and Speirs were the owners. They had done nothing unlawful in 
[Mirchasing the negroes, nor if they had, would they have bet^n disipiali- 
fied thereby, being citizens of (ieorgia, from demanding the valuation. 

The law regards neither the conduct nor country of the own* r. I'er- 
ha|KS it might be advisable to draw back as much of the valuation as 
jKis-sible by directing prosecutions for the |>cnalti4is against Drew and 

I have, d'c. 

Rich'd Adams, Wm. Foi shek, Hobt. Mitchkll, Dirk^tors of 


Re^Mtrt. in ixinfonnity with a resolution of tiie House of Delegates at Jiio. 10 
their present session, that the cont of repairing the house and enclosures 
def*igned for the residence of the (jovernor of the State and of furnishing 
the ciaine suitably for his use, would be £5(Jf).12.0, stating items. 



Thos. T. Davis to the Uovkrnor. 

1800. Asking instruction as to a fiension for William Shepherd, of Kentucky, 

Phi^dei- *"^ sending certificates for same, with reply of the Auditor of the State 
phia thereto. 

In Senate, Jumianj ISth, 1800. 

Jan. 13 The House proceeded acconiing to the order of the day hy joint ballot 

with the House of Delegates, to the choice of a judge of the General 
Court in the room of James Henry, Esquire, who hath resigned. 

The Committee of the Senate, jointly with the Committee of the 
House of Delegates, proceeded to count the ballots, and reported that the 
majority of votes were in favor of Archibald Stuart, Esquire. 


H. Brooke, C. S. 

Robert McCormick k Co. to the Ctovernor. 

Jan. 21, Asking that they be released from giving any further security for the 

D^ performance of their contract for manufacturing anns than their own 

J. Clarke to the Governor. 

Jan. 21 Enclosing two i>roposals, furnished according to the order of the Board, 

for furnishing Bricks and Lime for building the Penitentiary: 

First Offer — Bricks at 6 dollars per M, Lime Is. 4d. per bushel; by 
John P. Shields. 

Second Offer — Bricks 39s. ])er M, Lime 17d. per bushel; by John 

Jan. 21 * Proceedings of a Meeting held at the Capitol in the city of Rich- 

mond for the purpose of framing a Re[>ublicau Ticket to he submitted 
to the Freeholders of the State of Virginia at the ensuing Election of 
Electors to choose a President and Vice President: 

Tuesday, Janminj 2]Ht^ 1800, 

At a meeting of ninety-three members of the liCgislature and a num- 
ber of other respectable persons, convened at the Capitol in the city of 

* Though not a State paper, this was found among tlie archive?, and deemed of sufficieBt 
interezit to print— Elo. 




RichiuoDd. fur the }*izr|«ueae c«: Sk:iteuni: iii liie didc^Tt^ii; d2:<^Tic2^ t^f ihi< it^Vi 
State i»ro|:»er peisntn? Ui be sQft}iOfnf^ i»v ibt- Refvohiican Imereisi s> **• ^' 

Electors of a Presidem and Viee I^ivsidem of ihe I'niw^i Sums. Sainu(\ 
Shield, iliainnaiju Liuietor W. TaieweL. Serpexary. 

Rescilveii, tinarjiiDoiisIy. Tlia* ihr iitli«»»in£r ^-eTSiiite- he nv4»i«Trtende«i 
\>v tliis Mi-etiii£ as tbe uhm^^ m ohamdetv u» W named ai liw- t-itsinii^ 

Election of I^resid€»l and Vit-e I'naadeni of ihe United Staler ifl^ ihe 

Republican llcket: 

Edmund Pendleton, of 1 aroiine: Gf«»Tsre Wrthe, of the ritv of Riob- 
mond: Jsmef Madison. Jut. of <>ranffe: John Pac*-. of (^lonccsier: Wm. 
B. Gile?, of Amelia: Richard Rrent. i«f I*riT>ce Mllliam: Walter Jonc^, 
of Xortliumtteriand : Carter R Harrij»on. of Prince iTOonpr: \ndrcm- 
Moore, of RoekV»ridffe: Archiliald SroarL of .Kncnstia: Owd Tavlor, of 
( umherland : Hnch Hohnes, * *f FT>e^rick : Genl John RnMrn. of HnT%!y : 
(ienl John Pre?ton, nf Montcom err : Genl Joseph JotKS. of Pinwiddie: 
(iwrge Penn. of Patrick: Thomas Read. SenV. of Ctjariv<itf: Wm. H. 
CabeU, of Amherst: Thftf^. Newton. JnT, of Norfolk R«^n>xich: Wm. 
Newsome, of Princes? Anne: William Elsev. of l^ondoun. 

Resolved. That a ^ximmittee ccmsb^tinir of five memhei^ be appointed!, 
who are reijuc^ed to prejiare and report to this meetinc a pro]ior ^x-sti^w 
of communication thfouffhont the State, and such other matters as thev 
may think of importance, and that the committee be ci>mi>*is>cd <4 the 
following pers<^»ns: Messrs. BarlK)ur, Tyler, Daniel, Mercer, and Taaewell. 
Resolved. That this meeting do n<»w adjourn, and that the memK^Ts 
will again assemble at this place on Thursday next. 

Thitisday, Jnnfiam ;?»^rf?. 7<s»r). 

The Committee appointed for that purpose, made a Re|x>rt relaliw to 
ll^e establishment of a prf>j>er system of corrcs|x>ndence, which. Innng "^^ 

^, was a^rreed to, and is as follows : 

The committee rt-commend that there should Im? a general committiH) 

^•f com»sj)ondence, to consist of five j^ersons residing in or near the city 

^f Richmond, whose duty it shall be forthwitli to inform tlR* sovend 

P^^rsons agreed ui>on as Electors, that a poll will be taken for thorn at 

^he ensuing Election in confidence of their attachment to the cause of 

Likrtv, and desire their answers, which shall state whether or not thev 

consent to be considered as candidates on the general Republican Ticket. 

To communicate the Result of such answer to the county committot^s, 

which shall be established in each county, except where sufficient 

friendly characters cannot be designated, and where for such cause no 

committee can be established in a particular county. To communicate 

with any person therein of whose friendly disposition they shall be pn»- 

viouslv satisfied. 


IHOO. When any perK^m now a^rreed upon a^ a candiflate, shall refuse to be 

Jan. 23 cr>n«idered as such, or Hhall die, or shall heconie unfriendly to the end 
|>rf>jK>»ed Cwhich two lant instances it shall be the duty of the several 
county committees to communicate to the General Committee), it shall 
lie the duty of the General Committ4>e to make the same known to the 
several county committees, or to such jierson as they may select in a 
(Ufuniy where there may be no c^immittee, and also to inform them of 
the name of the person substituted by the General Committee in lieu of 
such candidate; which |>erson thus to be substituted, shall be forthwith, 
when the necessity rxjcurs, recommended by the committees of th6 coun- 
ties com{K)sing the District such person is to represent But no candi- 
date now agreed upon shall be displaced but in cases before mentioned. 

There shall be a committee of five Persons appointed in each county, 
whose duty it shall be ti) receive all communications from the general 
committee, and to send to them such information as they shall deem 
necessary to promote the Rejmblican Ticket 

It shall be the duty of the General Committee so soon as an answer 
shall be received from the several persons now agreed upon as candi- 
dates, and alsti from the several county committees as answer to their 
communication on the subject of the answer of the candidates as at such 
other time as they may deem most proper, to have published in the pub- 
lic newspapers the general Republican Ticket and the names of the can- 
didate in each District. 

The committee recommend that each member shall def>osit the sum of 
onv dollar with the committee to defray the expenses attending the neces- 
sarv communication, «fec. 

That the candidate from each District shall attend at Richmond at 
least three days before the day aj)j>ointed for the Electors to give their 
V()t(»s, as the Governor's proclamation declaring the ))ersons chosen, niav 
not in timet reach the more distant Districts. 

That each njcmber take correct notes of these pnK»,eedings which shall 
not be made known. 

That lujfore the publication of the general ticket takes jilace, the friends 
of the same in each District, shall speak of tlie candidate now agreed 
upon as tlie person who will [)robal)ly be selected for that District, and 
also of the most prominent characters who will probably be selected in 
other Districts. 

That when no committee shall be appointed in any county, owing to 
any circumstances whatever, and one or more i>ersons shall be named as 
fit persons to fill this office in any county, he or they shall be authorized 
to associate with him or them, such other })erson or persons in the county 
as he or they shall judge proper, who together >\nth the persons so first 
name<l. shall be the corresponding committee in such county. 

That if any member of the stiindiug committee or any county com- 


mitlee ^iioald dit-. Temov*- or reftifw- to jin.. ihv other niMiihoTs of th*' -fwifl tiWi. 
r^vmmmef fihali ^w^ anthiiriKerl to-foipplv the nuwTicv thn* rv»r«^nn#*^. ^^ ^* 

• • • ft 

Tfa&i OIK' hundred csuptefi «f thr Tiiies of pTo<*«»dimr no^ f>Ho]^Tw] 
^hi>nUi tn- iiuhiifihec] snd dMtrihiited hv the -f^ndimr eonmiittw mnont 
the din gra n conntr conrniftUvs;. 

Tiie Tt*}Km of iiieiiei«f!t ramnniittAe Keimr mim^ to. the nif»etint: i^ro- 
MH^ded in ronfoniiTO- th<!rffCoiy» choow> 11 standi lurriimniitt:^- fiixl tn n«m<' 
fit }*eKioii?^ t4» roniQitiite t5<iiTfta|^Tidin$» onimnittws in the diftV'mnt n<Min- 

Tiie foUowintr ]teison> were ap)Hiiiit^ a ^neral StanHiiU: roinmitt^*e, 

Phiiij» l^orltome XicholftFi. "Meriwelher -lonfis. Bi»iij«min "RRto)><»r. (Vr- 
vmi? "iHfii«FJ and .lohn Connnev. 

Il««n}ved. Thsa .lobn H. Fotwhw- he apfwiint/^ 5*WTt*t;jin* t/» the OonorRl 
<<inixintiee in tlie orrv of Richmond: and ^honld anv viw^nrv herenft^^r 
hap^ieii in thi*^ office, thf- iHtandimr (Vminnttiie ?*hall he anthoriFed t^» 
mfike frucL (tther a]t]HTinxnM!m a^ ther ^hall think proper. 

The foUowinjEr pereons were a|i]«oinled ( Virrespondinc i ViTnTnitt<v»< in 
the difiereot csomitieR. to wit: 

Alt»eixiark' — Tboma* Mann Tlandolplk Milton: Peter <^rr Nieholjis, 
Ijewi? FnuK^ VaBcer, and Woe Garland. 

Am^ia — Edmnnd HarrtfioTu Amdia C. H.: Tlios. Uandotph, Ar^^her 
Jones. Jfiim Airiier. and Ahram Oreesn. 

Amberat — Wm. S. Crawford, OakdfeibnT^: Ijtnt^on i^Vll. -1^ VV^nV- 
lin. Martin Dawfvai, and N«!kion Oawftvpd. 

Hith — ^John Lewi*i, Warm SyninTwr; iaoivh Wai^ic^. Jlii^t>ns IaIin^. 
M(i«tes Mann, and EHsha Williams. 

Berkek-v — Gen. William narice. H«irio<«tn>wn : G^\ Ht^^ TIvim^i^s 
Rutherford. Ferdiiuutd Fair&x, and l>»nM Redhure^. 

Botetourt — Martin McF«>en. BotiHimn i\ H.: TlxM^vas RowU^vt An- 
drew Tai»seott. Cieoi^ Schd^nc, ami John H, MadisiM^. 

Brooke — ( ol. John Conn^, West lilvrlv : Rol><^it l^iWwvIt \\ iUi<^o\ 
McKennon. Thos. Beck, ami William IahIov. 


Brunswick — Sterling Ruffin, Ghobton^: Tlui«t» i1aiU\nH\ Willie H«^r- 
ri?«on, Aanon Bromi, and Theophilus FieKfe, 

Buckingham — William Perkin^i, Jr,» Wtt^twinstor: Matthew UmnelK 
Anthony Dihrell, John I^tterson, and John Pitman. 

.4*ampbell — ^.John Dahney, Lynch hiiiy; Daniel U, IVm>\\\ Aivlulmld 
Robinson, John Walker, and Kdnnnul Winston. 

Caroline — James Taylor, Bowling Green: Jan. U|>8haAV. John llt>on»rn, 
John Taylor, and Richard Hawes. 

Charles City — .Tohn Bradley, Forge; John Walker* John CuHn. John 
Tyler, and Dabney Bradley. 

Charlotte — Quin Morton, C'harlotte C. H.; Thomas Spen<H»r, WilllBm 
L. Morton, Bernard Todd, and 8am'l White. 


1800. Chesterfield — Thos. Goode, Manchester; Isaac Sallie, Thos. Watkins, 

Jan. 23 George Woodson, and Jolm W. Eppes. 

Culpeper — Philip R. Thompson, Culpeper C. H.; French Strother. 
Lewis Conner, John Sliackelford, and Mord. Barbour. 

('umberland — Wni. Daniel, Jr., Cumberland C. H. ; Thomas Deane, 
John Hatcher, Randolph Harrison, and Blake B. Woodson. 

Dinwiddie — Geo. Hay, Petersburg; Edward Pegram, Williamson C^ile- 
man, Joseph Goodwyn, and William Hardwa3\ 

Elizabeth CHty — Geo. Wacey, Harapttm; Augustine Moon, Sr.. Thos. 
Jones, Capt. Wm. Armistead, and Sam'l Selden. 

Essex — William Brokenbrough, Tapj)ahannock ; Stretch ley Reynolds, 
Robert Baylor, Tunstall Banks, and Thomas Pitts, Jr. 

Fauquier — Augustine Jennings, Fauquier C. H.: Gustavus B. Horner, 
Rich'd H. Foote, Hancock Ijce, and John Blackwell (Tin-Pot). 

Fairfax — Elisha C. Dick, Alexandria; Roger West, Francis Peyton, 
Thompson Mason, and Walter Jones, Jr. 

Frederick — John Smith, Winchester; Robert Machie, Charles Catlett, 
James Singleton, and William Headly. 
- ^~ Franklin — Henry C'alloway, Rocky Mount; Moses Greer, lienjamin 

Cook, Saml Harston, and Ro. Innes. 

Fluvanna — John Quarles, Columbia; Sam'l Richardson, James Payne, 
Jos. Haden, and Allen Bernard. , 

Gloucester — Matthew Anderson, Gloucester C. H.; Richard Baynham, 
Mann Page, Nathaniel Burwell, and William Hall. 

Goochland — ^Thomas Miller, Goochland C. H.; James Carter, Archlaus 
Perkins, Wm. Miller (Clerk), and Smith Payne. 

Grayson — Philip Gaines, Austin ville; John Filder, Enoch Osborne, 
Mintree Jones, and Greenbury G. McKeniiie. 

Greens\dlle — Francis Hill, Hicksford; Joseph Wilkins, John Camp, 
and John Goodwyn, w ith liberty to associate. 

ffalifax — George Carringt on, Halifax C.H.; Berry man Green, William 
Terry, George Camp, and Charles Meriwether. 

Hampshire — James Daitey, Romney; Osborne Sprigg, John Higgins, 
licwis Dunn, and Andrew Mislagle. 

Hanover — William Pollard, Hanover C. H.; Nathanl Pope, -Ed wan! 
Garland, Sam'l Richardson, and Parke Street. 

Hardy — Geo. Stump, Moorfield; John L. Sehon, Henry India, and 
Randolph Shobe, Jr. 

Harrison — John Webster, Clarksburg ; John Black, David SI uth, John 
Ratclifte, and Uriah Ashcraft. 

Henrico — Joseph Selden, Elisha Price, Jo.seph Duval, George William- 
son, and Tarply White. 

Henry — Cicorge Waller, Jn'r, Henry ('. H.; John Alexander, Joseph 
Hopson, P(4er (larland, and Brioe Martin, JnV. 


Isle of Wight — John Goodrich, Sniithfield; Emanuel Wills, Francis 18OO. 

Fk>ykin, Richard Cocke, and John Barker. 

James City — John Ambler, Williamsburg; Champion Travis, Littleton 
W. Tiizowell, Wm. Lightfoot, and John Goodall, Jn'r. 

King & Queen — Anderson Scott, Dunkirk ; Thomas Roanes, Richard 
Hn»oke, Benjamin Dabney, and John Hoskins. 

King George — Colo. John Taliaferro, Fredericksburg; Stephen Hans- 
fonl, John A. Stuart, Wm. P. Flood, and Aaron Thoniley. 

Lancj\ster — Richard Selden, Lancaster C. H.; Martin Shearman, Wil- 
liam Kirk, John Carpenter, and John Smith. 

Lee — Benjamin Sharp, Abingdon; Peter Fulkerson, Joshua Ewing, 
William Ewing, and Charles Carter. 

Loudoun — Rev. Amos Thompson. Ix»e^burg; John l^ittlejohn, Albert 
Kussell, and Thomas Jones, Jr. 

Ix)ui8a — Wm. O. Callis, Yancey ville; Ro. Yancey, John Poindexter, 
Thomas Meriwether, and Dr. Watson. 

^N Lunenburg — Waddy Street, Lunenburg C. H.; Francis Eppes, Chris- 
topher Robinson, Sterling Neblett, and Waller Taylor. 

Madison — Abram Murray, Orange C. H.; William Mallory, Adam 
Banks, Wm. Eve, and Barnett Watts. 

Matthews — Jos. Billups, Matth. Ct. H.; James Spark, Henley (Jayle, 
Thomas Brooks, and Joshua Brown. 

Mecklenburg — Richard Kennon, Meek. (!t. IL; Mark Alexander, Wil- 
liam Munford, Abraham Keese, and Wm. Taylor, Jr. 

^riddlesex — Thomas Roane, Urbanna; William Segar, William George, 
Thomas Muse, and Wm. Robinson, son of Charles. 

Monongalia — John Stailey, Morgan Town ; Richard Claiborne, David 
Scott, &c. 

Monroe — James Alexander, John Byrnsides, (kc. 

Montgomery — Daniel Trigg, Montgomery Ct. IL; Charles Taylor, Jas. 
P. Preston, Daniel Howe, and Bird Smith. 

Nan.semond — Josiah Riddick, Suffolk; Richard Yar borough, Edward 
Browne, Robert M. Riddick, and Joseph Godwin, Sr. 

New Kent — James Semple, N. K. Ct. H.; Burwell Bassett, William 
Chamberlayne, Robert Armistead, and Edmund Parke. 

Norfolk — R'd E. Lee, Norfolk; James Matthews, Josiah Butt, Ro}>ert 
Brough, and James Ben net. 

Northampton — ('aleb Fisher, Northampton Ct. H.; Matthew Guy, 
William Fisher, and John Elliott. 

Northumberland — Catesby Jones, Heathsville; Mattram Ball, William 
Nelmes, John H. Fallin, and Thomas Hurst. 

Nottoway — Freeman Eppes, Nott. Ct. H.; Edward Bland, Jas. Jones, 
John Eppes, and Peter Bland. 

Ohio — Capt John Morgan, West Liberty; Ro. Stuart, Jos. Thornton, 
John Mills, and Joseph McCune. 

Jan. 23 


1800. Orange — Ro. Taylor, Orange Ct. H. ; Robert Miller, Belfield Cave, Thos. 

Jan. 23 j^j^g^ ^^^ Thomas Rose. 

, : Patrick — Samuel Staples, Pat Ct. H.; Gabriel Peim, William Carter, 

Joshua Rentfro, and Wm. Banks. 

Pendleton — Robert Davis, Pendleton Ct. H.; Mr. Capito, John Hlavein, 
Moses Henkle, <fec. 

Pittsylvania — Isaac Coles, Pittsylvania Ct. H.; Wni. Tunstall, Joseph 
Carter, Nathaniel Williams, and Edmund Tunstall. 

Powhatan — Richard Crump, Powhatan Ct. H.; Sam'l Pleasants, James 
Poindexter, Littlebury Moseley, and Jordan Harris. 

Prince Edward — Archibald McRoberts, P. E. Ct. H.; Tarlton Woodson, 
John Kelsoe, Theodorick B. McRoberts, and Philemon Holcombe, Jr. 

J^rince William — Benjamin Botts, Dumfries; Matthew Harrison, Geo. 
Graham, John D. Orr, and Wm. Tyler. 

Prince George — Doctor John Shore, Petersburg; Archibald Thweatt, 
Geo. Ruffin, Richard Bland, and William Parham. 

Randolph — John Haddon, &c. 

Richmond — Richard Barnes. R'd Ct. H.; Ezekiel Levi, Vincent Bran- 
ham, Wm. McCarty and George Yerby. 

Rockbridge — John Bowyer, Lexington; James Caruthers, John Ley- 
burne, William Moore, and John Caruthers. 

Rockingham — Andrew Shanklin, Rock'm C^. H.; John Carthy, ju'r, 
Reuben Moore, Jacob Custard, and Jacob Biar. 

Russell — Nathan Ellington, Russell Ct. H.; James McFarlane, John 
M. Arston, Francis Browning, and Sam'l RitcheL 

Shenandoah — James Allen, Woodstock; Jacob Rinker, Jared Wil- 
liams, Philip Shamgler, and George Fravil. 

Southampton — Sam'l Kelio, So. Ct. H. ; James Wilkinson, John Tay- 
lor, James Gee, and Augustine C. Cocke. 

Spotsylvania — John Minor, Fred'ksb'g; Mann Page, Francis T. Brooke, 
John Chew, ScnV, and David C. Kerr. 

Stafford — Col. John Cooke, Aquia; John T. Brooke, John Fox, Robert 
Rose, and Rob't Henning. 

Surry — Nicholas Faulcon, Surry Ct. H.; Wm. Boyce, Sam'l Bailey, 
Benjamin Edwards Brown, and Canfield Swan. 

Sussex — John Mastm, Petersburg; Nath'l Wyche, John Briggs, Benj'n 
Wyche, and George Reeves. 

Warwick — Rich'dCary, York; W^m. Dudley, Wm. Diggs, ju'r, William 
Allen, ju'r, and Rich'd Mcintosh. 

Washington — Francis Preston, Abingdon; Claiborn Watkins, Ro. Pres- 
ton, Sam'l Edmondson, and Andrew Russell. 

Westmoreland — Alexander Parker, W. Ct. H. ; John P. Hungerford, 
Sam'l Templeman, Thomas Plummer, and Ransdale Pierce. 

Wood — Harman Blannerhasset, Marietta; Hugh Phelps, Wm. Louther; , 
Hoseh. Buhsey, and Daniel Kinchaloe. 


Wvthe — Alexr Smith. Wvthe it. H. : I>auik*t She*!i^. Puvkl Sawv^r?. liW^ 
Wm. Daviii. and I>ivi<l Straaoicer. '^'^ ^ 

York — t?«>l. Wm. NeL^oo. York: John Garle. Kobt Shield, Kd>«anl i\ 
H«>wakrd. j^nd HawkiiLs Rdd. 

WiTIianiyfbQig — Ro. S*ciiH^rs. \V*msb«r^: Jaimt^ Snithail. lattMoa 
\V. Tazewefl. Janiesf Semple. and Benjamin Waller. 

Taieweil — D&vid Ward. Hennr Boweu, Saml Walker, Heurv Haniian, 
jr^ and G€orze Peny. 

Norfolk Boroogh — Wm. Bland, «frc. 

King William — John Roane. ToddV: Wm. Penn, Wuu Avlett, Wil- 
liam Greeorv. and James Ruffin. 

Re^^olved. That this« meeting do now adjourn, aini that the intnnbers 
will again asi^emble at this place on to-morrow evening. 

Frh>.\y, ^4^h JatiHiuy, iSiHK 

Mr. Shields being nnable to att^dd, Mr. l^reed Taylor was in^KhI to the 
rhair pro tern.: and the Secretary being absent, Mr. Grief i^rtH^n was 
a[>{>ointi^i pro tern. 

Mr. Benjamin Hatcher, a member of the Standing (Vmiraittee of Rich- 
Qiond, has refused to accept his appointment. 

Corrfifpondmg (hmmittefit. 

For Accomack — George Laytield, Wm. Marshall, Solomou MarshalU 
Will. W:iterfield, and Elijah Shay. 

For Amelia — Daniel Hardewav in the room of Archer Jones, K<lwai*tl 
Eggleston in the room of John Archer. 

For Cumberland — Sam'l Anderson in the room of William Daniel, J r. 

For Faui^uier — Insert at the head of the Committee, Gustavus B. Hor- 
ner, in Lieu of Augustine Jennings. 

For Fluvanna — Mathew P. Haden in the place of Joseph Haden. 

For Greensville — Insert Joseph Wilkins at the head of the ( •onnnitit'i'. 

For Harrison — Insert in the room of John Black. David Sluth, John 
Ratclitfe, and Uriah Ashecraft, the names of Jno. (i. Jackson, David 
Hewes, Wm. Williams, and George Arnold. 

For Henry — Insert Joseph Hopson at the head of the Connnittee. 

For l>ancaster — Insert Joseph Carter, Jr., in the room of John Smith. 

For Ijoudoun — Insert Albert Russell at the head of the Coiuiniitee. 

For Lunenburg — Insert Joseph Yarborough in the room of FrnnciH 

For Middlesex — In the room of Wm. Robinson insert Robt. B. Daniel. 

For Nottoway — In the room of Freeman Eppes insert the name of 
Peter Randolph. 

For Powhatan — In the room of Littlebury Moseley insert William 




1800. For Prince William — Insert Nathan Harrison at the head of the CJom- 

Jan. 23 ^j^^^ 

For Richmond — Strike out the name of William McCarty and insert 
Griffin Garland. 

For Sussex — Erase the name of John Reeves and insert the name of 
George Caigill. 

For Dinwiddle — Edw'd Pegram, Sr., at the head of the Committee. 

For Albemarle — Col. Nicholas T^ewis at the head of the Committee. 

For Wood — Erase Daniel Kinchaloe and insert Robert Kinchaloe. 

^ For Bedford — Christopher Clarke, Liberty; Chas. Clay, Dan'l Pegram, 

Frayzer Otey, and Arthur Moseley. 

Mr. John Courtney refuses to act as a member of the standing com- 
mittee of this place, which is communicated by Mr. Pope at the instance 
of Mr. Courtney. 

On motion of Mr. Nicholas — Resolved, That the words "the cause of 
Liberty " in the line of the — page be stricken out and the words Repub- 
lican principles and the Constitution of the United States inserted in 
lieu thereof. 

Resolved, That this meeting be adjourned until Monday evening 6 

At a meeting continued and held on Monday Evening — Creed Taylor, 
Chailinan ; Sam'l Tyler, Secretary. 

Ordered, For Hanover County insert in lieu of Parke Street, Bathurst 

Ordered, That Joseph Selden and Sam'l Pleasants be appointed mem- 
bers of the standing committee of this place in room of Benjamin 
Hatcher and Thomas Courtney, who decline accepting that office. 

Ordered, That Daniel S. Hylton be appointed a member of the County 
Committee for Henrico in room of Joseph Selden, elected one of the 
standing committee. 

Ordered For Culpeper, That John Shackelford be appointed in room 
of Philip Rootes ThompvSon, chairman of the county committee, and 
that Moses Green be appointed in lieu of French Strother. 

Ordered For Madison, That Robert Roebuck be inserted for Wm, Eve 
as a member of* the county committee. 

Ordered, That the persons named as Electors be published without 
delay, and in the event of those Gentlemen declining to be candidates, 
the Standing Committee shall be authorized in their discretion to pub- 
lish the name or names of any other, having first communicated with 
the county committees on that subject. 

Ordered, That the standing committee publish the names of the Elec- 
tors in such order as they may choose. 



General Standing- Committee in the City of Richmond : 1800. 

Philip Norbome Nicholas, Meriwether Jones, Joseph Selden, Gervas '^*"* ^ 
Storrs, Sam'l Pleasants, Ju'r. John H. Foiishee, Secretary. 

After applying the several amendments and corrections to the County 
Committees they stand as follows — viz: 

1. Accomack — George I>ayfield, Wm. Marshall, Solomon Marshall, 
William Waterfield. 

2. Albemarle — Col. Nicholas Lewis, Thomjis M. Randolph, Peter Carr, 
Francis Walker, Rice Garland. 

3. Amelia — Edmund Harrison, Thomas Randolph, Daniel Hardiway, 
E<lward Eggleston, Abram Green. 

4. Amherst — William S. Crawford, Ijandon Cabell, Joel Franklin, Mar- 
tin Dawson, Nelson Crawford. 

5. Augusta — John Coulter, John Monroe, Chesley Kinney, with liberty 
to associate 2 others. 

6. Bath — ^*James Laird, Moses Mann, Elisha Williams. 

7. Bedford — Christopher Clarke, Charles Clay, Daniel Pegram, Frayzer 


8. Berkeley — Gen'l William Darke, George Hite, Thomas Rutherford, 
Fred. Fairfax, Dan'l Bedinger. 

9. Botetourt — Martin McFeren, Thomas Rowland, Andrew Tapscott, 
Geo. Schelering, John H. Madison. 

10. Brooke — Col. John Connel, Ro. Caldwell, Wm. McKennon, Thomas 
Beck, Wm. Ijaidley. 

11. Brunswick — Sterling Ruffin, Thomas Claiborne, Wy Hie Harrison, 
Aaron Brown, Theophilus Fields. 

12. Buckingham — William Perkins, Matthew Branch, Antho. Debrill, 
John Patterson, John Pitman. 

3. Campbell — ^John Dabney, Dan'l B. Perrow, Arche'd Robinson, 
John Walker, Edmund Winston. 

14. Cumberland — Sam'l Anderson, Thomas Deane, John Hatcher, Ran- 
dolph Harrison, Blake B. Woodson. 

15. Caroline — James Taylor, James Upshur, John Hoomes, John Tay- 
lor, Rich'd Hawes. 

16. Charles City — ^John Bradley, James Walker, John Colgin, Dancey 
Bradley, John Tyler. 

17. Charlotte — Quin Morton, Thomas Spencer, Wm. li. Morton, Ber- 
nard Todd, Sam'l White, Thos. Read. 

18. Chesterfield — Thomas Goode, Isaac Sallie, Thomas Watkins, M. 
Cheathem, W. Clarke. 

19. Culpeper — ^John Shackelford, Philip R. Thompson, Moses Green, 
Lewis C<mner, Mord. Barbour. 

20. Dinwiddle — Edw'd Pegram^ Sen'r, T. R. Robertson, W'mson Cole- 
man, Joseph Goodwyn, Wm. Hardway. 


1800. '21. Elizabeth City — Geo. Wtay. Au^ Moon. .SnV. Thomas Jones, 

Jan, 2^ f'apt Wm. Armiatead, Samuel Selden. 

22. Emex — ^Tho«. Evans, Stretchley Rennolck, Robert Baylor, Tunstal 
Bankif, Thoe. Pitts. Jut. 

2^^. Fauquier — Gustavus R Homer, Au|C. Jennini^s^ RichM H. Focite, 
Hancock Fiee, John Blackwell. 

24. Fairfia — Eliaha C. Dick^ Roger West, Francis Peyton, Thompson 
Masmi, Walter Jones. 

2^ Frederick — John Smith. Ro. Maehie, Chas. CatLett, James Sin^le^ 
ton^ Wm. Headley. 

6. Franklin — Henry Calloway. M«>«es ^ireen, Benjamin Cooke, Saral 
Harston, Ro. Innes. 

27. Fluvanna — ^John Qoariea, Saml Richardson, James Payne, Mat. P. 
Haden, Allen Bernard. 

28. Gloucester — Mat. Anderson, Rich^d Baynham, Mann Piige^ Xat. 
Burwell, Wm. HalL 

29. Goochland — ^Thomas Miller, James Cart^, Archelaus Perkins, 
Wm. Miller (Clerk). Smith Payne. 

30. Grayson — Philip Graines, John Filder^ Enoch Osborne, Minitree 
Jones, Greenberry G. McKenzie. 

31. Greenbrier — ^John Keppers, with full powers. 

32. Greensville — ^Joseph WiUdns, Francis HilL John Camp, John 

33. Halifax — George Carrington, Berryman Green, William Terry. 
George (i'amp, Charles Meriwether. 

34. Hampshire — Francis Murphy, Osborne Sprigg, John Higgins, 
Lewis Dunn, Andrew Mislagle. 

35. Hanover — Wm. Pollard, Nathaniel Pope, Soml Richanlson, Bat- 
hurst Jones, T. Wliite. 

36. Hardy — George Stump, John L. Sehon, Henry Judea, Randolph 
Shobe, Edward Williams. 

37. Harrison — ^John Webster, John P. Jackson, David Hewes, Wni. 
Williams, Geo. Arnold. 

38. Henrico — Nat Wilkinson, ElL^ha Price, Wm. Young, Get>, William- 
.«^on, Tarpley White. 

39. Henry — ^Joseph Anthony, Geo. Waller, Jn'r, John Alexander, Peter 
Gariand, Joseph Bouldin. 

40. Isle of Wight — John CkKMlrich, Emanuel Wills, Francis Boykin, 
Rich'd Cocke, John Barber. 

41. James City — John Ambler, Champion Travis, Wm. Allen, Wm. 
Lightfoot, Wm. Walker. 

42. Kanawha. 

43. King «Sr Queen — Anderson Scott, Thouias Roane, Richard Brooke, 
Benj'n Dabney, John Haskins. 


44. King George — John Taliaferm. Stephen Hansfonl, John A. Stuart, isoa 
Wm. L. Flood, Aaron Thomley. ^^^ ^ 

4-'). King William — John Roane, Wni. Peim, Philip Aylett, Wni. 
iin^ory, John Roane, Jn r. 

46. Ijsincaster — Richard Selden, Martin Shearman, William Kirk, 
John Tarpenter, Joseph Charter. 

47. Lee — Benjamin Sharp, Peter Fulkersiui, Joshua Ewing, William 
Ewing, C*harie9 Carter. 

48. Loudoun — Albert Rusi«ell, Rev. Amt>s Thomas, John Littlejohn, 
Thomas Jones. 

41). Louisa — William O. Callis, John Poindexter, Thomas Meriwether, 
Rotert Yancey, David Watson, 

^\ Lunenburg — Waddy Street, Joseph Yarlx^rough, Christo' Robin- 
<m. Sterling Xeblett, P. I^mkin. 

'A, Madison — Abram Murrav, William Mallorv, Adam Ranks, Ko. 
Ii«>ebuck, Bamett Watts. 

•')2. Matthews — Joseph Billu()s, James S}>ark, Henley Ciayle, Thomas 
Brooks. Joshua Brown. 

53. Mecklenburg — Richard Kennon, Mark Alexamler, William Mun- 
fonl. Abraham Keen, Wm. Tavlor, Jr. 

54. Middlesex — Thomas Ri>ane, William Segar, William (ieorge, 
Thomas Musi*. 

oo. Monongalia — Richard Claiborne, David Scott. 

56. Monroe — James Alexander, John Byrnsides, Ah\ 

57. Montgomery — Daniel Trigg, Charles Taylor, James P. Pn»ston, 
I>aniel Howe. Bird Smith. 

55. Nansemond — Josiah Riddick, Richard YarlH>n>ugh, Kdward 
Hrcjwne, Richard M. Riddick, Joseph (lodwin, Sr. 

59. New Kent — John Sanders, Buniell liassett, William Chanibt^r- 
layne, Robert Annistead, Edmund I^arke. 

^i Norfolk — Richard E. Lee, James Matthews, Josiali Butt, Robert 
Bniugh, James lk»nnet. 

f>l. Northampton — Caleb Fisher, Matthew Ciuy, Wm. FisluT, John 

62. Northumberland — Catesby Jones, Mattram liall, William Nelmes, 
John A. Fallin, Thomas Hurst. 

03. Nottoway — Peter Randolph. Edward Inland, James Jones, John 
Eppes, VeXer Bland. 

^'4. Ohio — Capt. John Morgan, Ro. Stuart, Joseph Thomt^lson, John 
Milk, Jose])h McC'une. 

♦i5. Orange — Robert Taylor, JaiiK's Barbour, Belfteld Cave, Thomas 
Kllb*, Thomas Rose. 

W. Patrick — Samuel Staples, Gabriel Penn, William Carter, Joshua 
Kentfro, William Banks. 


1800. 67. Pendleton — Robert Davis, Daniel Capito, John Slavin, Moses Hen- 

Jan. 23 jj]g^ Adam (bntade. 

f)8. Pittsylvania — Isaac Coles, Wni. Tunstall, Joseph Carter, Champ- 
ness Terry, Edmund Tunstall. 

69. Powhatan — Richard Crump, Sam'l Pleasants, James Poindexter, 
William Pope, Jordan Harris. 

70. Prince Edward — Archibald McRoberts, Tarlton W<x)dson, Thomas 
Green, Theod B. McRobeils, Sam'l ('arter. 

71. Princess Anne — 

72. Prince William — Matthew Harrison, Benj'n Botts, Geo. Graham, 
John 1). Orr, William Taylor. 

73. Prince George — Doctor John Shore, Archibald Thweatt, Geo. Ruf- 
fin, Richard Bland, Wm. Harrison. 

74. Randolph — 

75. Richmond — Richard Barnes, Ezekiel T^evi, Vincent Branham, 
Griffin Garland, Peter Rust. 

76. Rockbridge — John Bowyer, James Caruthers, John liCyburne, 
William Moore, John Caruthers. 

77. Rockingham — Andrew Shanklin, John Carthy, ju'r, Reuben Moore, 
Jacob Custard, Jacob Biar. 

78. Russell — Nathan Ellington, Andrew Heybourn, John M. Arston^ 
Francis Browning, Sam'l RitcheL 

79. Southampton — Henry Blow, Ephriam Gee, John Taylor, James 
Gee, Sam'l Blunt. 

80. Spotsylvania — John Minor, Mann Page, Francis T. Brooke, John 
Chew, SenV, David C. Kerr. 

81. Stafford — Col. John Cooke, John T. Brooke, Travers Tansil, Isaac 
Newton, John Moncure. 

81. Surry — Nicholas Faulcon, Wm. Boyce, I^muel Bailey, Benjamin 
Edwards Brown, Canfield Seward. 

82. Sussex — W. Massenburg, John Mason, Sen'r, Nath'l Wyche, John 
H. Briggs, John Cargill. 

88. Shenandoah — Reuben Rinker, Wm. Jennings, Philip Shangler, 
George Fravil. 

84. Warwick — Rich'd Cary, Wm. Dudley, Wm. Diggs, William Allen, 
Rich'd Mcintosh. 

85. Washington — Francis Preston, C-laiborne Watkins, Ro. Preston, 
Sam'l Edmondson, Andrew Russell. 

8(). Westmoreland — Alexander Parker, Stuart Bankhead, Sami Teni- 
pleman, Thomas Plummer, Ransdale Pierce. 

87. Wood — Harman Blanerhasset, Hugh Phelps, Wm. Louther, Hezek. 
Bukey, Daniel Kinchaloe. 

88. Wythe — Alexander Smith, Daniel Sheffie, David Sawyers, William 
Davis, David Staunger. 



89. York — Col. William Nelj^on, John Gayle, Ro. Shield, Edward How- Jan. 2S 
ard. Hawkins Reid. 

W. Tazewell — David Wanl, Henrv Bowin, Sanf 1 Walker, Henrv Har- 
man, Jn'r, George Perry. 

91. Williamsburg — Robert Samiders, J. Seniple Southall, Littleton 
Tazewell, James Seniple, Benjamin Waller. 

92. Norfolk Bor«>ugh — Wm. Bland. 

*A true copy from the original jwpers. 

J. H. ForsHEE. 

Ajrreeably to a contniet ent4?retl into l>etwt»en the Executive of Virginia Jan. 27 
•»n the one |>art and Mr. James Swan, of Boston, on the other, we, the 
UDdersigned, having been mutually cliosen to in8|)ect, c*ount and deter- 
mine the relative value between a number of arms (Siiid to t^onsist of 
4.000 stands) and a sample produced t^> us by the said Executive, have 
iu conformity thereto minutely inspected, counted and classeil the same 
in the following manner \nz: 

2,732 stands of the first class, which we estimate 50-l(X) less valuable 
than the sample: 108 stands of the 2nd class, 75-l(H) less valuable; S.*5 
stands of the 3rd class, $1 oO less valuable; 71 stand of dam]ige<l arms, 
^^ less valuable per stand than the sample, providoil they shall stand*^ 
pr«)of upon trial. 

The total amount of arms is 8,970; of cartridge lx>xes is 8,9r>9. 

We also deem it our duty to inform the Executive that the greater i>art 
of the arms in our opinion, re<|uire immediate attention, jis some are 
already damaged with rust, and others must soon he so unless some step 
i!> taken to ])revent it. 

I do not agree to the prices as above statt»d. 

Wm. PKh-»<TON, 



Agreeably to the appointment conferred U]>on me on the part of the j^n. 2S, 
Commonwealth to value the arms furnished by Mr. James Swan, ns eoni- Kiohmond 
miinicated to me by a letter from you of the 7tli instant, 1 i)roecH?di»d in 
• on junction with Major Preston and Prior with rwpe^ct to the ditterence 
of the value between the stand of arms furnished by the Executive of 
Virginia and those im])orted by Mr. Swan. 

I need not here mention, as it has already been reportefl with my dis- 
sent thereto, as my opinion as to the value I put upon tliem was not 
mentioned in the rej>ort, I think it incumbent on mo now to communi- 
cate it to you, which is as follows: 


1800. Class No. 1, the difference of the value of the arms furnished by Mr. 
Richm^d ►^wan is inferior to the stand furnished by State as a sample I com- 
pute to be - - - - ' 82 00 

No. 2, 2 50 

"3, 4 (K) 

''4, 4 50 

"5, 5 50 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Pickett, Pollard k Johnson to the Governor. 

Jan. 28, The valuation of the arms being now completed and a fair trial having 
Richmond i^^^^^ made as to the proof of them, we take the liberty of rwiuesting 
another advance for Mr. Swan, which we assure yoi| his necessities 
require, and which we hope you will have the goodness to grant. 

We are, &c. 

Meriwether Jones, Public Printer, to the Governor. 

Jan. 29 Asking for an advance of $200 to enable him to buy paper for print- 

ing 50CX) copies of the Report. 

Pickett, Pollard & Johnson, for Robert Pollard, to the Gov- 

Jan. 30, We have received your favor of yesterday's date, and after considcr- 

Richmond j^^^ ^^jj difliculties as at an end respecting the unpleasant business of the 
arms, are much concerned to find that new ones have arisen, the grounds 
of which we will be much obliged to you to state to us in order that we 
may know what steps to pursue, and that we may write to Boston for 
instructions if it be necessary. 

The further advance of $15,000 that is offered, we will acce]>t upon the 
terms mentioned in your letter, and will thank you for an order for the 
amount by return of the bearer. 

We are, cfrc. 

J. Prior to the Governor. 

Jan. 30, ^^^^ returning to-day after a short absence from home, I found your 
Hay market Excellency's letter of this date containing a communication of so serious 



a nature as to excite my most earnest solicitations that I may be fur- isoo. 
nished with the charge against my conduct as umpire in the valuation H^yjl^i^ |. 
of arms lately committed to arbitration between the Executive and 
James Swan, of Boston. 

As it is impossible for me to conjecture what interpretiition can liavo 
bet'n made unfavorable to \uq by the most critical b^'-sttindcr whilst I 
was engaged in the discharge of that arduous and fatiguing business, the 
more necessary is it that I should be duly informed of the accusation. 

I have, ttc. 

f • • ', 

Robert McCormick & Co. to the Governor. 

Suggesting that the am't of security for the perfonuance of their con- 
tract — viz.. Fifty-three thousand six hundred dollars, was unnecesj<arily 
-4 Light Drag<x)n Sabers, with engraved blades, leather 

scabbards, steel mounted. - - - - @ 8 Dollars. 
B Do. Officers' Sabers, proof blue and Gilt blades, steel 

mounted and wire grips, - - - - @ 20 Do. 
12 Officers' (Infantry) Swords, proof blue and gilt bladas, 

strong Gilt hilts and wire grips, - - - @ 21 Do. 

The above (samples of which are herewith laid before the Hon'ble the 
Executive for inspection) are just come to hand, and being in immediate 
want of money, the whole, or such j)arts thereof as may be selected, are 
offered to them for public use at the prices annexed. 

It is presumed in quality and elegance according to the respective 

nites; no quantity of such kind of arms can be procured on terms more 


I am, Sir, &c. 

Jan. 31, 

TuoMAs IIalton to the Executive. 

Offering to furnish cartridge boxes at six shillings and eight pence Feb. 4, 
apig^ Hichiuond 

John Fox to the Executive. 
Offering to furnish cartridge boxes at six shillings six pence each. 

J. Pryor to the Governor. 

Feb. 4, 

Denounces charges made against him as contemptible and frivolous, Feb. 5, 

and expresses his pleasure at the prospect of having an opportunity to "^y**^*^*^®*' 

clear himself. 



William Preston to thk Governor. 

Feb (» ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^"^^ (rom the enclosed certificate that 1 was Hrij^ade Inspec- 

tor for the year ITOl^, and the circumstances under which I was appointed. 
The duties of the oHice were })erfornied by nie. I exhibited niy account 
at tlie Auditor's oHice, when it was objected to on account of tlie incom- 
patibility of the two oflices. 1 took the opinion of Mr. E. Kandol])h on 
the su!)ject, who advised me to apply to your Board, who, he thought, 
would order me jKiyment out of the contingent fund, as the duty had 
actually been ])erformed, and no compensation made for it by the »State. 
Agreeably to his advice, I submit the business to your Hoard, who I 
doubt not will do me that justice they conceive me to be entitled to. 

1 am, sir, with much respect, il-c. 

T do certify that William Preston was appointed Jkigade Inspector to 
the 19th Brigade tm the 2r)th day of January, 1799; that he hath exe- 
cute<l the duties of tliat office in the said Brigade for that year. I further 
certify that previous to his said apiK)intment, I knew that he held the 
office of a Connnissioner of the direct tax under the Federal Government, 
but was advised*, and so thought myself, that the said offices were not 
incompatible, as the ap}>ointment of Inspector was made previous Uy the 
commencement of the act of Assend)lv entitled ** An act to disable cer- 
tain oflicers under the Continental Government from holding offices under 
the authority of this Commonwealth.'' 

(liven under my hand this Gth day of February, 1800. 

J. Pr|':st()N, General 19th Brigade. 

* Archibald Stuart, Creeil Taylor, and .Jauies Breckenridge, Esquires, were of 
this opinion, with whom I advised January, 1799. J. P. 

Feb. ,7, Affidavit of General James Wood: Was present at the trial of the 

Hiclmiond gm^j^ furnished the State by James Swan; considered most of them very 
inferior, and thought the whole contnict should be set aside. 

Affidavit of Alexander Quarrier: Was employed by the Executive to 
value the arms furnished by Mr. Swan; did not think Major Pryor, who 
was called in as referee, took sufficient pains to inform himself of the 
quality of the guns. 

Allidavit of William Preston, aged 29: Had been one of the valuers 
of the guns and thought them in general substantially good; but he did 
not like the models, and considered the contract a bad one. 

Affidavit of Jacob Cook: Was a gunmaker by trade, and was employed 
at the trial and proof of the guns furnished by James Swan; thought he 

■"*'""»*" OF STATB FAi>£K:». ^l 

.QBid maira liOGfi aims i>y tbequiuiuty lur leu •ioilatb' (.acii. aud i>uiuit: '>im. 
*bfr€tmEEBEi wtth. Mr. rjwmtu uifofwl to couumci with ih^j Kx^cuuvt :ur d j;j'^.^j*;J|^^^^ 

ot Joiia Mayix thai I'oloiiui QiuurrH^r und hiui liu' viiiuo A<.it 

t'oDsooB M lake ehacee ot the iaiHi beU>ut^iiiji& to the Stsbde ai v Hd i^uul lVi>. :. 

v'oniKiin had Itjaet^een with reert^ the piUaice ;iud rret^^Aikicv ooaamcttxl 
■>nit: ^heffs iiad f^imieriy (>eeu a tolenihle ^nmih •»(' r^tniar aiul live inik 
wtHi iL 'in this \iatk beea ^tiiuotfi iletfUroye^i ; the tmci ivasij^i'Ai ut' hihjui 
'tiW' iiundied acres. 

Mill Cr^t 

In nunoance ut \*ourKxeeileiicv'< favor mi' vt'saenlav ruoruiiijK, I :aU'U- IVI». \ 
ie»iii;our'idook in the attermNMi :tt the hlaicle ravcm. Mr. UulK;ri ^^*'*^^^'"^* 
NIard \Taa ureaeou as wm? Majur IVvur aij*u, :ukI thvy wii-v ;uvr»»in^»ii 
^^ ».v 'heir r^niuel John Wiekiiam, :Uiil (?coryLe W. Siitith« •.•><4J>v Mr. 
PiikriL fHHbre we *'ntereti uptui buj*iiiei*«s >ho\*e«i lui: a lcii<r iroiu ihc 
^^Q^eatiTe. iinpiyins:* ^hat the |>aytiu;iit for tht; iuius «lepcaUeU u(»oa Uk> 
''•ndnct •>! ?he iimpin^ 

Huvrng -^een r he report •»!* rheir value, ;uid beii^ |H.»rsuaiU*K tluu u^kui 
*iif ik?H .if it. rhey had not \y*xn t\xauiiikeii in the luuiUKr v\hicU llu* 
^^c!?.ii* "VpV in. ITHW. indictuefl, I lieelaiW bet'orehunii, thut iiolhui^ 
▼iiich I 'Ta» .ib«int to do. w:u»- to be uiider^tHxi, ike^^ ;uiu»Uiitiu^ to a tvliu 
jni^hnaent oi' .uiy valid «>hjeetions. which niiuhl ;uist' iKuu tlio coikUui 
'f •'ven the urher valnen*. Tluit •ieciaraliou whsn ituule, :i£^ tK»m mvsvh', 


^th 1 pnit+^taiiou, that it pnieevtievl uol tVtjiu any su^i;c8lii>ii oi the 
T*litt .lttp*)Hirioni* irill be lorwanied to you to day. uiiJci; ihc incU^MUV 

* r 

"^ yi»» two mainiftmti^ who took them. 

•^3i!»^ <^i«>k wa:* rir?t examined on the ^>iirt of the l.\>n»inonv\c;ilth: 
^i«>ai!e t*>r aH I freelv 3»v. that neither (t\>m bis tet\UiUi»n\\ n«.»j iVv^iu 
^"atot'anv other witneti^ *lid I coUect :uiv, the nK»«it ivniot^.' iv;vs».>ji tor 
*'aP<ing the prt>bity of the ttui|»ire in thi:* tmn^a<'tion. Hut his c\ i^Kiva' 
*eot so fiir in ;<hewin^« that due attentivHi wa* ik4 ^^aid by him iu tbo 
^iamiDati«>n« that I d*H;lineil the examii^tioa v^l* auv othvr wiinvNss, until 
'^^r Pollard should exhibit his. 

After some time, -Vr /VJ/imfs on^i ivut^ly ohIKh) ujKkU i\^Kv ^^nuvvivv^ 
^ho9e testiroony seems to nie to iH*rr\»lHM'atel\KkkN*, an\l to lio iov\>\bova 
W bv General Wood's. 

Major Preston was also examinc^i on the niilo of Mr. roUiMil. 'V\\k\w 


1800. is a difference between his testimony and that of Quarrier, Cook and 
Feb. 8, Wood in some respects ; but these two among other facts, wliich are in 
my judgment, very striking, occur: 1, that not more than tw^o or three 
locks were taken off: and 2, that the only trial of the other locks, was 
by snap})ing them. General Wood's deposition gives birth to many other 
reflections, which will immediately present themselves; but if his infor- 
mation, founded on long and familiar experience, carries the weight, 
which it bears on my mind, the arms have been examined very imper- 

If it be expected, that I should now give an opinion, how far the re- 
port of the valuers would bind in a court of law or equity, I do not hesi- 
tate to say, because I believe, that under all the circumstances of the case, 
no court of law or equity would enforce the report. 

I am,\!(rc. 

Charles Cox to tue Governor. 
Feb. 8 Offering to paint the penitentiary for eight i)ence for each coat. 

Robert Pollard to the Executive. 

Feb. 8, Thinks the depositions prove that the conduct of the umpire was per- 

Richmond fectly satisfactory, and has no doubt that the executive will grant an 
order for the payment of the balance due for the arms. 

W. Bentley to the Governor. 

Feb. 9, In order to carry fully into effect at this place tlie Order directing 

Richmond f^^j^^jfj^i honors to be paid on the 22d inst. at the different military sta- 
tions to the memory of our departed Cliief, (Jeorge Washington, General 
of the armies of the United States, a cjuantity of powder is wanting, 
which caimot be commanded in time from the United States Magazine. 
I should be happy to obtain a loan of about 500 lbs. from the StsUe 
Magazine, wliich I engage shall be repaid as soon as it can conveniently 
be commanded. 

It is essential that I be early informed of the fate of this application, 
that in the event of a failure I may devise other means for procuring it, 

I am, (fee. 

cujEsh^as of state papersl «s 


A hw hftTios fttsBed the \m^ Session of Assemblr jippoantirar i\Miu- l>K lU 
ffiH!i:€ipeis v> a?«cienAm ihe ki^ s(t>i;iiiied by the boinii^ of one of the ■^*'****^*« 
^kmto w±F^jias& io Peter§bai^ I think it necessanr to sQ^^m^ to the 
Hi«14e B>Azd vheiher it will not be neceif^iiaay lor me to Odoskter the 
nKiDer rEvjoi^e ior cuTjins inU:» eflfect that Law ^o situated as to com- 
[•ell me lo reserre a« mocfa as fiommHrMm nfjmwt says will be leqaiied to dfcJt- 
cbars:e the daim^ arising theiefiom. Should that be the ca^e, the l^al- 
^oc^ win he diminished neariv twentr thousand dollars. 

I ^altmit the for^^ing to your ExceDency. until I shall have it in nu* 
l->wer lu consult the Attorney Genend on the sul^ect, 

I am. d:c. 

Edmcsd Randolph to the Governor. 

Thinking, as 1 do. that a fund raised from the inspection of toliacco Feb. IK 
ootflit in the first instance, to be devoted bv law to the insurance of it *^"'*^*'^' 
«hile in the warehouses. I sliould undoubtedly, were I a legislator, vote 
for the a|>[ilication of Uiat fund to that object in preference to every 
other. But when vou consult rae on t!ie line of conduct which vou. as 
Tnii.«urer, ought to observe in the management of that fund, ci>nforma- 
^'ly with the existing laws, the question assumes a difterent as|>ect. 

The general tobacco law pledges the faith of the State for tlie (>ayment 
of humt tol»acco, but specifies no funds. 

The act for comf>ensating the sufferers at Boiling's warehouse submits 
the payment to the direction of the Executive. 

The appropriation law, after constituting a genend fund for all objei*ts, 
selects four or five which may be so far preferretl to the others as to jus- 
tify a loan from any fund for the satisfaction of them. The tobacco fund, 
»ot heinaj excepted, is equally liable with the other funds to be borrowtnl 
'roiii for those particular objects. It will certainly be very inconvenient 
for the sufferers to wait until October next for their money ; but this is a 
♦^consideration which rests with the Executive alone. Their j)ower over 
the Treasury on all occasions is ver}' extensive, and on this is peculiarly 



1800. complete, and the exercise of it is an affair of judgment, whether the 
Feb. 11, support of the civil list, the manufactory of arms, the penitentiary and 
hos^utal be less urgent, in a public view, than the claims of the tobacco 

All that you have to do will be to present a statement of the funds to 
the Executive, and request their order. 

I am, sir, &c. 

Feb. 12, 

John B. Scott to the Governor. 

Submits remarks on the act of the last Assembly concerning the dis- 
tribution of arms. The regulations of Congress exclude too great a 
proportion of people from the militia, as many under fifteen years of age 
or over forty-five are capable of bearing anns. Is opposed to any select 
or reserved corps in the militia. * Thinks it a strange absurdity that Con- 
gress should direct the militia to be armed, and not make provision for 
arming. Understands that when all the money appropriated is expended, 
the State will have about 25,(KH) stand of arms. Thinks it would be well 
to distribute about 10,(XX) immediately. Great improvement will be 
made in the discipline and spirit of the Militia by their being armed. 

W. Bentley to the Governor. 

Fe]>. M, 

Agreeably to the order of the President, directing that military honors 
be paid at each station to the memory of our departed chief, I have 
received instructions to pay that la»<t tribute of respect on the 22nd inst. 
Feeling strong im]>ression that the loss of that unrivalled Hero and val- 
uable statesman is sensibly felt by every description of citizens throughout 
the Unite<l States, I hesitate not to invite indiscriminatelv those whose 
local situations will enable them to unite in the procession, the order of 
which I have the honor now to enclose to vou. The Executive is 
respectfully solicited to unite collectively with the Military on this 

lamented occasion, 

I am, &c. 

Feb. 22 

WiLLi.AM Berkeley to the Governor. 

Condition of the Treasury. 

Balance 22d February, 1800- $49,000 00 

Am't rec'd in March, 1799..- 2,784 23 Am't disbM in March, 1799.. $10,386 73 
Ditto April, do 3,206 61 Ditto April, do... 24,204 06 

• € -^^i.'-*5 ti.»>UU>> ^>. 

ion .rr. . -> . '^--i^- 

vt t >. ?U.a 



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^ <->v- 

,-.■»« • 

>rrfi*bi- ir Tint* iraica »n* irtnmfir mu vt%j%v. 1 K>t»v '«K liv*^ a^vs«4 m 

Balance of >j»e**k n^m;&inii^: in Uh- I'^w^smA Oiv> ^^^ v %i\ i\^ V*^ V^AUK ^ 

'-'- Hid:?, crofi Tohacc\\ 24.711 IKs. uoll. whWh ^1 ll^^ VHU^^ 

received into Tretic^ury anumntsi to \,'>^\\ VA 

T'niDsfer Tobacco, { x \\ \ 

•^2,132 lt)«*. Tobaci^o nxTivtHl on *MHM»unt wf iHintu \\\' \\s\\\\ \\\ \\\\\ \\\\m\\ 
^Jf Prince William. 



March 3, 


Samuel Kello to the Governor. 

Having sent forward some time ago what the Court of this county 
have thought proper to say on the subject of the n^roes here conderaiied 
for murder, and mentioned that I should shortly afterwards be in Rich- 
mond, I think it proper now to inform you my attendance has been 
f)revented by the illness of one of my family. I hope, however, U) be 
in town by the 10th or 12th of this month. In the meantime it may be 
pro[>er also to mention that one of these negroes (called Sam) is dead, 
and it is probable from long confinement, want of clothing, and bad state 
of the prison, that the same fate will overtake the other two and antici- 
pate the sentence of the law. . 

Most of the guards, not expecting any addition to their pay from the 
Court, which has hereti)fore been usual, liave deserted their post. Two 
only out of six have remained, and those are retained with difficulty. 

I am sorry to add that this subject has produced a degree of irritati(»n 

in the Court which could not be foreseen by those who are implicated in 

it. The causes may in some measure be discovered from the re])resenta- 

tion lately transmitted. 

I am, sir, ike. 

March. 3, 


Thos. White to the Governor. 

The Militia of Hanover has heretofore composed two Regiments, by an 
act of Assembly, passed about the year 1795. The absurdity of that act 
is sufficiently manifested by the returns generally made in the Adj't GenPs 
Office, where it will appear that the number of Militia is infinitely short 
of the number required by law to constitute the two : in consequence of 
which, I requested the members representing the said county, to lay the 
case before the House in order to luring about a consolidation. 

How^ever the thing was not effected in consequence of Col. Tinsley's 
not making the return of the 93rd Reg't, according to law. The subject 
was again resumed the succeeding Assembly, when it appeared the Execu- 
tive had the power vested in them : thus the business has remained until 
the present period. 

I hope, Sir, before the Executive proceeds to that business, they will 
make an order requesting Tinsley and myself, to transmit an authentic 
return of the dates of the commissions, severally belonging to the officers 
of each Reg't. 

I hope, Sir, you'll pardon the liberty introduced to you on this sub- 
ject, as it is only intended to prevent that Gent, from coming before the 
Executive with unfair statements, as there will be a contention between 
us for the command of the Reg't when consolidated. 

I trust whenever the business comes forward, there will be a full Board. 

I have, &c. 


RoBT. Pollard to the Governor. 

I am informed that the proving of the arms is gone through with, and ^800. 
that your agent will report to the Board to-day the number that have Richmond 
stood proof. As there cannot be a doubt that the intrinsic value of the 
arms is considerably more than has been advanced on that account, per- 
mit me to request that a further advance may be made for them, some- 
thing equal to what the Honorable the Executive may suppose them 
worth, which will be a considerable relief to the agents of Mr. Swan in 

I expect to receive powers to adjust this unpleasant business. As soon 

as they come to hand your Excellency shall be advised, and I flatter 

myself it will be settled in a manner satisfactory to both parties, which 

will be highly pleasing to me. 
For the satisfaction of those Gentlemen who are bound for the duty 

on the Cartouch Boxes, please to inform me whether measures have been 

taken to settle that business. 

I have, &c. 

Robert Pollard to the Governor. 

Your favor of the 10th, advising of the determination of the Execu- March 11, 
tive with respect to a further advance for the arms, I have received. Richmond 

Knowing that it will be very injurious to the agents of Mr. Swan not 
to receive a further payment immediately, and being satisfied that they 
have no other design or wish than to have the business adjusted on fair 
and equitable principles (but which cannot immediately be entered 
upon), 1 hope your Honorable Board will consider the subject and 
rewind vour former determination. 

I understand from Capt. Holloway that the 40 stand of arms have 

heen proved, but that the powder with which it was done appeared to be 

a little wet ; that a considerable number more were loaded, and after he 

<liscovered the powder to be wet, he recommended the drawing of the 

>ivhole of them, not knowing whether the state of the powder would 

make for or against the arms, but Mr. Cook chose to fire 40 of them. I 

contend that as he was apprised of the state of the powder, and chose 

to fire the arms, that it would be improper to try them again at the risk 

of Mr. Swan. 

I am, Sir, &c. 

Bond of Joseph F. Price, agent for collection of arrears of Taxes in March 13 

the Second Brigade District, filed. 






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Rob't Pollard to thb Governor. 

The Executive having refused to pay for the arms furnished by Mr. ^^^^• 
Swan agreeably to the report of the valuers, Messrs. Preston and Pryor, Richmond 
which I think Mr. Swan has a right to demand, because everything that 
was stipulated on his part to be done has been fulfilled; but being averse 
to going into a Court of Justice for redress as long as there is hopes of 
settling the business amicably, and being much priessed for money to 
replace that which has long since been advanced for the arms — 

I hereby agree to settle this business by receiving the medium sum 
between the valuation of Messrs. Preston and Pryor and Col. Quarrier, 
provided the money is immediately paid, which will be a considerable 
sacrifice on the part of Mr. Swan, and which nothing would justify my 
doing on my behalf but imperious necessity. However, it is expressly 
to be understood that if this offer is not accepted, I shall claim for him 
the full amount of the valuation returned by Messrs. Preston and Pryor. 

I have, &c. 

James Bailey to the Governor. 

Prays for remission of fine. 

March 20, 

James Price to Benj'n Ogle, Governor of Maryland. 

I have your favor of the 3rd Inst, respecting a negro man named Sam, March 20 
who you say is under sentence of death for murder. 

Sam belonged to the Estate of Mr. James Hutchings. I sold him and 
others to satisfy a claim against the Estate. If my memory serves me 
right, Sam served Mr. Hutchings nearly eighteen years; from that cir- 
cumstance it cannot be presumed that he claims his freedom from birth. 
Mr. Hutchings has made no provision in his will. It is, therefore, I can- 
not conceive, under what pretence he sets up his claim. 

Capt. William Hurst, who lives on Kent Island, I have no doubt, can 
inform you of whom Mr. H. bought him. I can say nothing of his 
character. Mr. H. will, and what Capt. Hurst can say of his origin will 
remove all kind of doubt. 

I am, &c. 

Leighton Wood to the Governor. 
Soliciting appointment as clerk to the Sup't of the Va. Penitentiary. March 24 



(AUCShAh Clf^ «M!rE ^AFEm 

J ifix^t K- a*:i;.Ui»w*%?ti|r«^ vuuxt^ iff tu*r II^j Ihbuiiii. oinxenw i^ Vir- 
^iitti:. h^'ooiuU^w' Uiernii. tu^siftiuiMKl. Tiiihl wxxav^ iridj }ikaBiB%. and 

isuC ii. iiititr uiiAH: ov i:f»ittt Huuur 14* iv frMSuta^ and liM* liceHibtaire (W 

4>.«itVHiu)^ii«UMti. 4:aiuii*A. uur will uuL -u^^ inilc inim liie Etvai Ajsmcan 

p<9V»pMr liUiO tij« |/*,dLRiKaiJ W4.«fi<L bill «( imfHttUt ^«UH- JIR* )&id bccftOse 
Kdj^\ will U*A M*. 

Mj^>if^ 'i^/; '>'^ ''^Hiei^UrnUi'^t ^4 A letter ffj^ii Kobert PoUaid of the l8Ui insUuit, 
l/^^/^uM'^i i(t i« ;^jvjw'>l Uj;^ Imt \m: UiUmfy^ that tb<r ExerrotiTe. in ofder to close 
t^« l/uirMMt^; ^ri' wltllnft Ut tdUm U*i% doUan§ • l^etng the price at wbich 
tb^y wtfft: fHU'ti aftufnfdf Iter «ach iftaiid of armaf which shjil have stood 
(/fz/CAf witli#^Mi irijiiry. The exfieunejK of tfuch prooC except as to amma- 
lliU//l^ Uf \fi: tUrfrdytal hy Mr. Hwan. 

Extract fmni minotea. 

A. Blaib, C. C. 


M^r/h 'ih, AHbiM(( for fifty r^ipinM of the Militia l^ws and the same number of 
rittir VV^rk- Hhuliitfi'« lt<i|^iilationH for the u»e of the Officers of the 70th and 105th 
Ht'.yiUunuifi of Militia. 

Mnnh 'JU, 



I httvti IiimI th« lioncir Uj receive your Excellency's favor of the 26th 
iuiit., uhd nliHtirvi^ that the Kxecutive propose to allow ten dollars per 
tttaiid for (he ariiiM that have iitood proof, subjecting Mr. Sw^n to all the 

• ■ >• ^T^ • 


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JtMtf.' ' -•CiJL* tteSh- tnftT- TftSffVi.'TTjif' ^ »»;«»4;r *^ ^\^' ^ N«». *. .«■ '\ 

lii* •'iUterr Tirfsat J7D»- XJUfj *f«Aii: !- K^T^ «, t^« ivN'^>^,^ v^^,^^^'^^ ti , 
Ttit^ iruur '*: Urr i<'ii;:Tti rl«:*> M-t^T>i ^?>»*^^ v<*»n^>. Ts^v.s T^-f \ .^•^i V, r-k.^ 

Ttrt* tifth ci*r»?^ o: i!un> ati iMn^MK Ms ^w»>t^ ,n{ Ou »1\,>V 

Tbere art- 4n 5111^ w im|\r«'»\VM^J hiM n«N ^SN>!nM v r^V^ n >m 1^^^\^ \n 
the foreffoiiic scbeduk 

In proving li If whf^}^ impormtMn ol u^n\«*. \tVV ,\| t|>,.^\> ^uv i Vh» 
guna oompnsed in the t>^rt^>mcr ?H^b*sin^^ jmv \nvU )Mir1yv»1 .\\\H\ AwA \\\} 
cases well sieciired. 

It will be necessary that all \iw itww* hv \\\A] xAvMwA i^* '^^\\\\\ ><• \\\\- 



1800. sible, or the rust that they will contract in addition to what they have 
March 29 already contracted, will render many of them useless. 

March 30 

The Couiniittee for the examination of the Land Office, report that 
thev find the business of the office to have been conducted with due dili- 
gence and method. 

That there are upwards of three tliousand five hundred Platts and 
Certificates of Survey, on which Grants must issue in the present year 
and the consequent records thereof made independent of defective and 
caveated surveys which are suspended for the present 

That the act of assembly for returning platts and certificates of sur- 
vey will expire on the first day of June next, from which circmstance a 
great influx of business may with certainty be counted upon. 

That the Register and some one of his clerks have to examine twenty- 
seven Record Books of Survey, averaging about nine hundred pages, the 
surveys of which are much derange<l in consequence of two or three 
Records of the same date, being carried on at one and the same time from 
one file of surveys. Of this number about eight or nine thousand platts 
and certificates of survey have been delivered to the Agent of Kentucky, 
afler being examined by the contractor only. 

They also find six clerks at present employed in the Register's Office 
in the following manner viz: Mr. Leighton Wood, Chief Clerk, generally 
employed in the current business of the office and in making out Grants 
and in keeping up the record of caveats. 

Mr. Thomas Underwood in Recording })]atts and Certificates of Survey. 

Mr. Thos. Williamson is making a General Alphabet upon parchment 
of all the Grants and Records of platts and certificates of survey and 
also searching and copying. 

Mr Turner Richardson in making out Grants. 

Mr. Smith and Mr. Wilson Price in Recording Grants. That the Regis- 
ter himself keeps up the Register of Treasury preemption, military and 
Exchanged Warrants — the Register of Surveys received the account cur- 
rent of the Land Office, &c., &c. 

They also find that by the act of the General Assembly, that the first 
clerk in the Land Office receives the sum of $625 pV annum, and thab 
the under clerks whose salaries are regulated by the Executive, receive 
the sum of $416 37 cents. That in the Treasur}- Office, there are two 
clerks, the chief of whom receives $625 p'r annum, and the other $416 37 ; 
and that in the Auditor's Office there are three clerks, two of whoin 
receive the sum $625 each, the other $500 p'r annum. 

Upon the whole they are of opinion that the business of the Land 
Office, cannot be conducted with sufficient dispatch with a smaller num- 
ber of clerks for the present year; and that the salaries of the under 


derks ought for the reasons contained in their address to the Governor isoo. 
to be raised to the sum of «600 each. ^^"^^ ^ 

Al. McRae, 
Sam^l McCraw. 

R. West to the Governor. 

Asking for the support and countenance of the Executive in behalf of March 31, 
Messrs. Westcott, Editors in Alexandria, in the publication of a com- 
pendium of the existing Laws of a permanent nature of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia. 

William Dabney to the Governor. 

Applies for the position of clerk of the Penitentiary. April 1, 


E. Carrington to the Governor. 

After the act of Congress went into effect which provided for the issu- April 1, 
ing of grants from the office of the ^Secretary of State for Military ^^^^"^^nd 
Bounty Lands due to the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Continen- 
tal line, on the N. West of Ohio, application was made by the Secretary 
of War to the Executive of this State for a return of the names and 
characters entitled to such Grants. In order to comply with this request, 
1 understand, a copy of a Register, which ha^ been kept in the office 
now occupied by Mr. Coleman, of the certificates granted them, counter- 
signed by the Governor, and carried to I>and Office as authority for 
obtaining the warrants, was sent as the return required. A case has 
lately occurred, in which I am interested, of application for a grant, and 
on reference to the return, the name is not found thereon. Upon receiv- 
ing this information, I have called at the I^and office, and find there a 
^'^n^pleat voucher, signed by Colo. Davie^ while in the State war office, 
^nd countersigned by Governor Harrison. Upon calling on Mr. Cole- 
man for an explanation how such a case had been omitted in the Return 
^0 the Secretary of War, he tells me it is owing to the Register, which 
^a? copied, being very defective, arising fnmi the office in which he is, 
and where it was kept, having from time to time been in different hands, 
by some of whom the Raster was not kept. This appears, in fact, to 
have been the case during the time of Colo. Da vies. It is therefore pro- 
bable, in which opinion Mr. Coleman concurs with me, that all the cases 
of warrants obtained within that period, and perhaps also some others, 
remain unreported; of course a very great proportion of the claimants 
meet with impediments in obtaining their grants. He informs me that 

»n^ CAtJ!^tK\St 6F ^xn PJIPSBS: 

y0A. mtmy K#k»»* m^. #itH rifvvt impMinvmt. ;ia«i m 

f/r M '^/^'r*^ *^ ;»M sri^'*' "ij^, rhw ^{aik^yt^ rtn m»»fHimr with th»? trr?t EZELp«di- 

\h fh^ ^»t>jr»f^Asi», t// nrp$^^t Ur yfifir <%fMi445T*rkifi th^ proprwftj of & com- 
f/^'f^ fHutu ft^ftit tt^m tfv^U'^ t// 1^>^ War (fifice, .>r at ka:^! ^o 6kr as will 
f'^fiup\pni ^h*' toftn^ ftitP, T>»h it i«*^rr»A can be obiaroed fiom the Land 
Offjf/'#' ^rl/fff*-. nhf^ff- nU fh#; v/ffj/!;b#fr! ar** r»^Iariy filed, dmiognkhing on 
Mi/'iif f«/'^r*? < ^fiiiutf'ft^H\ ffffffi Htat/r clairii?*. It indeed apficai^.to me that 
j*l«f>^#• r^/(rMf^?« ffii*, «• th^r f^rtial return ha?* the effect of impressing 
fb^ MMif/hof fb^ypr^f to whom it wait nent, t^j the disadvantage of the claims 
Utfi hw.UtfU'fi in if. I hav*? «tat^;^l thin bumne<;s. as on a conversation 
wHh }^t. i'nU^nmUf ti]i]tfrn.rn to me it« true mtnation, and should it, on 
MiMMMrMilion. h«v*« th** warm; fipp*;aranr^>* U) your Excellency and the 
f *oi(h<!ll, wrri «'orifl*lmil a remedy in some way or other will be thought 
twi*(*f^m%ry niul |»ro|iflr. 

I am, Ac. 


,\|tti| ) lnt«lMiiiu^ ijiiai'torly h'turn of arms and military stores at the State 

\H«»Mml Ai'PiiMml rtl Point of Kork. 

(^♦Mtr^'t*/y Uriuwf iif Arwi< ontf MiliUtry Storr^ nf the Arsenal^ April Jst, 

\^s\\\ \ 1^^ *<^^*l^ n\oHiu\ 1 ; bmH8 t<oM-|>itHH\ I : nniskot.'s in re|>air, 7,171 ; nius- 

KHi« \\iM\ \n\tth^nnd Ivjuonots, TJ^>; c^rtillorv and jrrenadier swords, 900; 
\s\}i^ \s\ \%^t\\\, 10; oiU\i!«t«>r M)ot. ISt^: onnnon slu>ts fn>m 4 to f> lbs., 260; 
vb»MM^\>* of ^^«Hiid>^^ |^^j>or. :^^; Knrn^ls of tUntji, IS: |H^umls of ball and 
b\^x^^b^^^ MU\ 

l^^t^^i^^vV \>o^'k : Muskot^obv^ivnti n^jviirtxl. ami nicked in the Arsenal, 

A< Uv^^tft tNN t^^rt. i\h.i;3ia>c. 

V^^^t N ^^^' ^V>^^^oU K^*< hiVj^Ux t^^jti^Ni locrrat^t a f^^rrani ^>Tth*^ fonbersum 

^K-^fiViN^^ o1 ♦4^*^^^t^^^ j^«\nn«*M ^'^5 tW Arms, a^h^ *\>««i»i ai3k«m $Io |i«- $4ai»d fof 
tb^vsN >^ H^'h v^?\>o)i^ l>o ^^tN>\*<M as m^Jl a> m> *\>a t*;" |*2YHii^ If tipsier 
iHNTn^ wo^ t^v'M !»tN\\^t\i ffV Mr. l\^)w%i moHi |»oT!=iw bb nosMdy aa }am. 


Report of Martin Minis^ and William RawWkti ia r«^:ar\t U> th^ Rhuk t^oo^ 
*iati!DR$ of the lilt hammer to be erected al the mauu&elory v>f anu$. i^'X^i^a 


Iiiclo(?iiig pay roll of work on public buildings : Ralam^e dne MoiS"^ Apnl •• 
Bates for dig^dng foundation of the Armork\ £119.7.1; Geoi^^ William- 
>«>n, for Rlaeksmith s work tor the Penitentiary, £57.hx8: Tlu^utas and 
Anioe r^d for iron for the Penitentiarv', £36>,t>.9 : David Hollowav aiui 
\Vm. McKim for one dav's ser\'ice each tor the Penitentiarv, jC2.8,0; Jas. 
Camev. for mason's work to the manufactory of anns, £20.0,0, Total» 

The Commonwealth of Virginia to Moses Bates> Dr A|>ril 4 

To digging and removing 4,210 yards of Earth tK>m the Manufactory 
of Arms, at 14^d. per yard, £254.7.1. 

Thos. Newton to thb Governor. 

I had the honor yesterday to receive y V Exc y'S favor, appointing me April 4, 
to act with such person as may be appointed in behalf of the United Norfolk 
States, to value the Gosport Lands. Every attention shall be jmid by me 
to it, and I shall hold myself ready to act when any "one is authoriEed 
by the President for the purpose. Whenever I can be of service in this 
quarter, T shall with pleasure execute any commands you may please to 
trust to my care. 

By the death of Mr. Brooke, the late Attorney General, I am deprived 
of his aid in the suit of Thos. Hamilton & Co. against me for obeying 
the orders of the Executive of this State respecting the shipments of 
horses. Most of the Council are well acquainted with the circumstances; 
to them, Genl Wood, and Edm. Randolph. Esq., I beg leave to refer y'r 
Exc'y on this subject. I have been up three times to Hichmond ai a 
heavy expense to attend the trial, and hope that your Exc'y and Council 
will assist me in the defence, as it is by obeying their orders I am perse- 

I am, &c. 

Lewis Berkeley to the Governor. 
Application for increase of salary as second clerk in the treaisury. April Ft 



Thos. Newton to Gen. Jambs Wood. 

IHO(). By the death of Mr. Brooke I am deprived of his aid in Hamilton's 

Norfolk ^^^^ ^'*- "^^ about the horses. As the GovV is not acquainted with the 
circumstances of this suit, I shall be exceedingly obliged to you to state 
it t*) him, as it falls very heavy on me to be obliged to attend so many 
times for the trial. Mr. Nicholas as Attorney-General, I suppose, will 
take the place of Mr. Brooke with Mr. Randolph. I have just received 
Mpe. for witnesses to attend next Court. I shaU be exceedingly thankful 
for your assistance. It is truly hard on an officer to be persecuted for 
doing his duty, but I hope we shall get the better of them. 

I am, &c. 

Chas. Johnston to the Governor. 

April 12, Mr. Pollard being absent, he encloses a letter from Mr. Swan. If the 
chmon Executive determines to extend the time for the delivery of the arms, he 
requests that Mr. Pollard may be informed. 

Hamburgh, 31st December, 1799, 

My agent, Rob't Pollard, Esq'r, at Richmond, forwarded me under date 
the 1 1th Sept. last, your Excellencies order in council, that an appraise, 
ment bo made on the arms, which was presented to you, on my first 

The result I have not yet learnt, but I am sure it must be very little 
against me, since, in all respects, the arms were as good as that of the 
sample; for altho' the Plate of the Lock was not so long, yet the work 
itself, and indeed the whole, was equally good and serviceable. 

At present I have the 4,000 for the last contract now lying here, and I 
dare warrant, that the lock and every other thing will be found as it 
really is as good as the Patem. It is unhappy for me that by trying to 
make them equal to the Patem, even in appearance, that I was forced to 
have the locks made apart which has delayed the delivery, and as I did 
not rei^ive your Excellency's order limiting the time of delivery to the 
tst r^Vr last till after the time was expired, nor could I have shipped 
them since, as the River was stopped by the Ice the 6th curX I must 
beg your y^ennission to deliver them the 1 June or 1 July next, as it is 
im|Mvstsible to believe the River will be opened Siwner than April. Capt, 
Stewart, in whom they go, can testify that they were engaged to go by 
him six weeks before the Ice came, and as no one else would take them, 
1 was oWigt*d to wait his time, which has brought them so late, as to be 
dt*la\*ed bv the Season. I hez vour KxceUeiKV to believe that the diflB- 


culties as to the time lost, and the little non-essential things which ISOO. 

appear to be wanting in the arms, are no ways against the quality of the j^JjJJpJnj 

arms; and that no one, perhaps, excepting myself, would have had the 

patience to persevere and continue through so many difficulties as I have 

done. It was more I assure you, to merit your and the Government's 

fevor for the whole, than the profits that they give, for always the most 

difficult is to break the road thro' the Ice and that I have done in what 

I have effected. 

I am, &c., 

James Swan. 

His Excellency the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

George Prosser to the Executive. 

Requesting an increase of salary as assistant superintendent of the April 17, 
Penitentiary from $350 to $500. Richmond 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Stating the necessity of procuring at an early date the cypress shingles April 18, 
needed for the Armory. Richmond 

Nat. Sheppard to the Governor. 

The Treasurer being out of Town, in compliance with your request April 18, 
(communicated through Mr. Coleman), I beg leave to state to your Richmond 
Excellency that the balance of money now remaining in the Treasury, is 
twenty-seven thousand four hundred and nine dollars and sixty-nine 

William Giles to the Governor. 

Inclosing an account for amount of loss he sustained by his brick- ^p^jj ig 
layers being detained from working on the Armory by the delay in the Ricbmond 

William Price to the Governor. 

The Alphabets mentioned in yours of the 28th ultimo are now com- April 24, 
pleated; they are annexed to twenty-seven record Books, averaging fully ^^*°^ Office 
six hundred pages, and containing upwards of nine hundred Platts and 
Certificates of Survey. 


iJMAf TiM*: utui^ pumiMl XL utfLkiur tiiufic- Aipijabetfr wafi. &BI. ib enter in a 

i^ y ;^ M)p««aiU' l:)ouk iim: imu*^ uf tin* p^simm fur wLom '^m- anvey wms' made. 

Uj*: *^u«ktjlitv «,-<,ftiUiiifed ill ibt fSun'tfv. aud tiit- jiaet- iii irLkii ifae 
»«r r^x^rcUjd : «JW wiiioL it wa*- ciipi^ and aiiiieaLttd %l» lite mmtid B^mjIl 
'JUah; J^iicit vf Militarv ^'arraiiU requirbd iu yovr It^Sier of the first 
AuMaiit. ii? aiA»ut. aud aili bt* fiukdMtd iritlKitit dfdar. 

I am. dx. 

BcKJAMis HAaai*M>> t(» tbe ^t^itebi^ol 

i^irriJ :^; lU^\H*^'iiiifi ^ixty »(taji4 ^>f atrui^ ior « coiu|^aaiy in tbe 5^th regiment. 


A|/iil '/'i ln/;l'Miiiig a l<HU;r from Governor BaaBett. of Delaware, in regard to the 
inmrfftiH iunmdisti in Houthampton county. 

(JaoKiiK Williamson to the ExiEfcuTivE. 

Afirtl OfU^riii^ Uf (^teiui arniH at 5(lc. each, and Btarop them for 12c. States 

that tlitt ariiiH ritoHMl ill the ('apitol had been much damaged from the 
way ill whidi tliey were packed. 

A|ii-ll i'ity t»r lUtihiiiond, In IluHtings Court, April, 1800. Pursuant to the 

Aot of AHHtMnlily i^ntitled, ** An Act to amend the penal laws of this Com- 
inniiwt^alth/' thiH (\>urt dt>th appoint Dr. James D. McCaw, Physician 
ami SuimMih of tlu» iVnitentiary House erected under the said act. 

A copy — Teste: 

Adam C'rau;, CI. 

Sami'kl Colkman to the Governor. 

Muv i\ liU'loj*iii>j ^iH|.H:'rci i»f -- Si*hothu»r» whosttateil that he had been a comet 

Uuiuuouvl j^ ^jj^, ^^^ l*arti«au lA't;ii»n and atlerwanfc a maj\>r under St Clair, and 
cUiuKxl U»uutv laud. 



Robert Pollard to the Governor. 

Agreeing, in order to close the business, to take the following prices for 1800. 
arms, on condition that the money be immediately paid: 8791 stand @ Richmond 
SIO each; 71 stand, damaged, @ $8 each; 108 stocks, locks &C., @ $S^; 
total $38,838; already paid $30,027 67; balance $8,810 33. 

Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

Relating to issuing certain military land certificates. Has seen letters 
from Major Bedinger, which induce him to conjecture that the latter 
might be engaged in the purchase of claims from original proprietors, 
and to suspect that possibly something unfair might be practiced against 
the Commonwealth. Strongly doubts the genuineness of evidence ad- 
duced in support of some claims. 

H. J. Gambill to the Governor. 

Requesting that the arms for the Rockingham county Light Infantry 
company may be sent from Richmond on the return of the bearer of his 
letter, as the expense would be le^s than if a wagon was hired especially 
for the purpose. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Norfolk, May 7th, 1800, 

I have this day met Mr. Wm. Pennock, who was appointed in behalf 

of the United States to value Gosport, and we have agreed to a valuation 

of twelve thousand dollars, which I am of opinion is a good price, being 

about $800 per acre, which I hope may please your Exc'y, 

I am, &c., 

Thos. Newton. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed by the United States and the 
State of Virginia to value a parcel of land, reserved by the State of Vir- 
ginia for a navy yard, commonly called and known by the name of 
Gosport, situated on the south branch of Elizabeth River, estimated at 
about twelve acres, do hereby value the said reserved land, be the same 
more or less than twelve acres, to be worth twelve thousand dollars. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto interchangeably set our hands and 

seals this 8th day of May, 1800. 

Thos. Newton, 

For the State of Virginia. 

Wm. Pennock, 

For the United States. 

May 5, 

May 7, 



May 8, 




Robert Quarlbs to Samuel Coleman. 

1800. Had written to Francis E. Harris, Quartermaster of the 102d Regi- 

Areenal nient, for the return of the anus issued to Captain Archibald McRae, of 
Powhatan, and has received most of them. 

Henry Hiot to the Governor. 

May 9, Requesting commission as notary public. 


May 9, 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Giving account of his visit to Suflfolk, Norfolk, and the Dismal Swamp 
for the purpose of making contracts for shingles for the armory. States 
that the best terms he could make were with Mr. Thomas Swepson, agent 
for the Dismal Swamp Company at Suffolk, who would deliver at Suffolk 
landing, shingles of the best juniper, two feet long, five inches wide, and 
three-fourths of an inch thick, at six dollars per thousand. 

May 13, 


Acknowledging receipt of pardon for Fanny Askins. 

Q. Deneale to the Governor. 

May 14, Promising to collect the arms in the hands of the Militia of the town. 

May 15, 

Stevens Thomson Mason to the Governor. 

1 now do myself the pleasure of inclosing the bonds of Robt McCor- 
inick, for the manufactory and delivery of the arms, and of Gen. John 
Shee, res(>eeting the agency in that business. This latter gentleman will 
expect his instructions in due time, which should be accompanied with 
a copy of McCormick's bond. Colo. Nicholas and myself enquired into 
the business of the drawback of duties on the cartouch boxes imported 
by Mr. Swan for the State of Virginia, pursuant to your commands of 
the 2d ultimo, but find that the expected relief was not to be obtained. 
Mr. La Motte, the cannon founder (whose serWces the Executive of Vir- 
ginia wished to procure), has returned to France. I can hear of no 


person in this p)art of the country capable of discharging the services isoo. 

required by the State. In the last work of that kind carried on by the v^\ }^\. 
United States, they were aided by a Mr. McFarling from Virginia, who phia 
lives near Abingdon, and is, I think, a relation of Col. Arthur Campbell. 

I am, &c. 

Bond of Robt. McCormick. of Philadelphia, dated April 5th, 1800, in 
the sum of $53,600, he contracting to furnish the State of Virginia with 
4,000 muskete and bayonets, according to the Charleville pattern, at a 
price of 613 per stand. The arms to be inspected at the factory by an 
agent of the State. 

Certificate of Joseph Fox, Jr., clerk of Westmoreland, that in June, May 17, 
1799, the court recommended William Storke Jett, Samuel Templeman, Westmore- 
and George Garner, for the office of Sheriff. 

William Berkeley to the Governor. May 17, 


Balance this day, $14,032 57. 


Thos. R. Rootes to the Governor. 
Stating that at the time of the Western Insurrection he was ordered May 18, 

XT rl * I 

by his commanding officer (in Caroline co., where he then resided) to '^^'hurs 
deliver the arms in his possession to Captain Sutton, who commanded 
the detachment of militia from Caroline; that he obeyed the order, and 
part of the arms were taken by Capt. Sutton, and part by Major Daniel 
Coleman at the time of writing the commanding officer of the county. 

Captain John Ervine petitions for the remission of a fine imposed for May 20, 
non-attendance as a juror. AnjfURta 

Major Richard Claiborne to the Governor. 

I am honored with your Excellency's letter of the 28 of March last. May 20, 
addressed to Mr. Stealy, Colo. Scott, and myself, accompanied with the ^^o^i'^es^'"^ 
78 Pamphlets therein mentioned, which letter would probably have been 
answered sooner, collectively by us, were it hot for the absence of Mr. 
Stealy down the Ohio and the engagement of Colo. Scott whenever I | 



1800. have gone up to Morgantown. Those reasons still existing, and others 
May 20. operating with me for my acting individually, 1 take upon myself to dis- 
Gladet* tribute a part of the papers sent by you; and I beg leave to assure your 
Excellency and the Council that the political opinion you have done me 
the honor to bestow on me in this instance, and all others you may have 
occasion to extend in future, will not be illy placed, and I shall use my 
utmost ende^ivors to deserve them. But it is proper for me to remark, 
and I do it with no small portion of concern, that from the present tem- 
per of the Inhabitants of this county (being federal) not much is to be 
expected from them towards Republican works — in some owing to the 
personal influence of a few old Residents, grown into the character of 
Federalism by habit or premeditati(m, and perhaps not just reasoning ; 
and in others from a want of literature and a perusal of instructive pro- 
ductions; and this will continue to be the case untill an improved edu- 
cation or some competant and active Republican can efifect a renovation. 
This stricture is, however, not meant to operate further than a political 
sense of the present Bias, as I am well persuaded that the Inhabitants, 
under the conviction of a proper information, would prove as firm friends 
to the Interests of their Country as any in the United States. That they 
may recur to the pure principals of 76, and those of a long seven ye/irs^ 
war, is my sincere prayer, and shall be the utmost of my endeavors to 

I am, &c. 

Colonel Willoughby Tebbs to the Governor. 

May 21, Has collected the arms in the hands of the militia. Regards them afl 

Dumfries ^^^ ^^,^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ 

Miles Kino to the Governor. 

May 22/ 

Under orders from the Governor to collect the arms, which had been 
sent him for the use of Elii^l^eth City county when he was an oflPicer, he 
had done so and they were now in the custody of Captain George Wray 
in Hampton. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

May 2:^ Relating to an offc»r made by George Williamson to clean and stamp 

State arms at one shilling j>er stand. 



Colonel Daniel Coleman to the Governor. 

States that he has thirty muskets, twenty-seven bayonets and thirty- 
eight cartridge boxes, which were all that ever came into his hands, the 
balance of the seventy-two stands of arms delivered Captain Thomas R. 
Rootes in 1794, were, by order of Col. Philip Johnston (who then com- 
manded the 30th r^ment), delivered to Captain James Sutton who went 
against the insurgents with the militia of the county. Captain Sutton 
is since dead. 

1800. , 
May 26, 

John Harvie and George Winston to the Governor. 

Asking an advance of $500 to purchase oyster shells that they may May 26 
comply with their contract for the delivery of lime for the use of the 
penitentiary building. 

James Breckenridgb, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding 48th 

Regiment to the Governor. 

Promising to collect as soon as possible the 122 stand of arms issued May 26. 

. 1 . . Botetourt 

to his raiment. 

Robert Quarles to the Governor. 

The arms formerly issued to Captain Thomas Tinsley's company had May 27, 
Wn returned to the arsenal and cleaned and put away. Arsenal 

Col. Dennis Dawley, of the 20th Regiment, to the Governor. 

The hundred stand of arms issued to the county had been collected 
and deposited at Kemps ville in care of Mr. James Leachy, the quarter- 
^naster of the regiment. 

May 28, 



Col. Wm. Bentley to the Governor. 

Now has it in his power to return the powder loaned by the State. May 29, 

Lieutenant Horatio Starke would deliver it. Warwick 


James Wood qualifies as member of the Council. 


May 29 


Stephen Wright, Major Commanding Seventh Regiment, to the 


1800. A number of public arms were lying scattered about the county, unfit 

May 29 John Clopton qualifies as member of the Council. 

Col. Littleberry Mosby, Jr., to the Governor. 

Mav 29, Had collected several more of the muskets, &c., formerly issued to 
ow atan Q^pj^^jj^ McRae's company. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

May 30 The cleaning and stamping of the arms was progressing well. The 

muskets were stamped with the name of the county and number of 

May 30 George Williamson, in a note to the Governor, states tliat when he 
offered to clean and stamp the public arms at one shilling per stand, he 
did not propose to include the cartridge boxes. 

May 31 Mr. Robert Boothe, lately appointed Sherifi* of Sussex, is willing to 

collect the revenue for 1799 provided a reasonable time is allowed. 

William Lambert to the Governor. 

June 3, I have the honor to present to your Excellency and Council the frames 

Richmond ^hi^h will be delivered bv the bearer. 

Their value is so inconsiderable that an apology may be necessary for 
desiring their acceptance. They are, however, intended as a small testi- 
monial of the perfect esteem and respect with which I am, &c. 

The Governor laid before the Board a letter from William Lambert, 
together with two frames containing a construction of a total Eclipse of 
the Moon on the 29th and 80th of March, 1801, and of an Eclipse of the 
Sun on the 16th day of June, 1806, new stile, for the Meridian and Lati> 
tude of Richmond, Virginia, which he requests the Executive w^ill accept 
as a testimonial of his- perfect esteem and respect 


Whereupon the Governor is requested to present the unanimous thanks isoo. 
of the Board to Mr. Lambert for the present, and it is ordered that the j^^j^^qIj^ 
frames be hung up in the ('ouncil Chamber. 

Edmund Randolph to the Governor. 
I do myself the honor of informing your Excellency that the suit in .Tune 6, 

the Federal Court of Hamilton vs. Newton, in which I was retained by 

the Executive, has been again on a second trial determined in favor of 

the defendant. 

I am, &c. 


Pickett, Pollard & Johnson to the Governor. 

Requesting a reimbursement of am't paid b}' Messrs. Bayard & McEvers June 6, 
of New York, for duty on Cartouch Boxes consigned to them by Mr. *^ ™^° 

Petition of the President, Directors and other officers of the Bank of June 6, 
Alexandria to the Governor, for the appointment of Henry Moore of Alexandria 
Alexandria, as a Notary Public for that city in the room of his father 
Cleon Moore. 

A. Blair to the Governor. 

Having understood that during my absence, notice was given by a mem- June 7 
ber that a motion would be made on this day to remove me from the 
office of Clerk to the Council, (upon what grounds I am at a loss to con- 
jecture), I feel inclined from motives of Delicacy not to be present at the 
decision, which I flatter myself will be sufficient apology for my non- 
attendance. Mr. Pendleton has promised to officiate for me. Whatever 
may be the result in this case, I trust there will be no objection to enter 
upon the Journals the motion and the grounds of it, that I may hereafter 
have an opportunity of justifying myself should a justification be deemed 


I am, &c. 

J. Marshall to the Governor. 

Having been appointed by the President of the United States to the June 7, 
office of Secretary of State, I am no longer a representative in Congress ^^tanaria 
of the District for which I was elected. 


1800. I Hhould have Booner notiBed this vacancy to you had I been certain 

Alexandria ^^^^ ^^ would have existed. 

With very much respect, I have, &c. 

At a meeting of the Commissioners of the Marine Hospital at the 
Exchange Coffee House, in Norfolk, the 10th day of June, 1800: 

Present: President James Taylor, Thomas Newton, Josiaii Parker, and 
E. Archer, Comm'rs. 

In order to ascertain the balance due to the representatives of Robert 
Borland on account of the contract between the said Borland and the 
commissioners, the subject having been duly examined and considered, 
it is therefore. 

Resolved, That the sum of Six thousand dollars, including interest, is 
due to the said contractors or representatives; that a certificate to au- 
thorize the receipt thereof be granted to the representative of the said 
Borland for the said sum of Six Thousand Dollars, and that James Tay- 
lor, the President, write to his Excellency, James Moore, EsqV, Governor, 
informing him of the settlement made; that the terms of the act of 
Assembly may be complied with and be ceded to the United States 
according to the said act passed the 20th of January, 1798. 

Jas. Taylor, President 

Edward Carrinoton to the Governor. 

June 10, I take the liberty of addressing you on a subject interesting to the 
Richmond Troops about to be disbanded, to whom an accommodation is necessary, 
which it is probable may be effected by the Executive of Virginia with- 
out inconvenience. 

In order that the Troops might be fully paid up before their depar- 
ture, the paymaster of the 7th Regiment brought on a few days ago a 
sum of money, and for the sake of portability it is in large notes of 500 
Dollars each, which it was expected might readily be exchanged here. 
This, however, is found impracticable in private hands, and the Revenue 
officers of the U. States cannot safely part with reported specie, because 
they are constantly liable to drafts at Sight upon it. I have no doubt 
that if there was time for a communication with the Secretary of the 
Treasury, I could obtain permission to apply about 10,000 dollars now 
in my hands to the desired object, so far as drafts have not already issued 
thereupon, and it will be consistent with my instructions to apply any 
which will hererfter be received in taking up Bank notes of the U. States 
for remittance before the same may have been reported in the weekly 


If the Treasury of Virginia can spare a few of them, not exceeding 
13,000 dollars, and it is not conceived improper to part with it for a 
short time, say from two to 4 or 5 weeks, a great obligation will be con- 
ferred on the U. States by a loan thereof, for which the notes may be 
lodged in the Treasury, and I will most certainly take them up with 
specie as I receive it, or can be permitted to apply what I have in hand, 
for which permission I will write immediately. The usual course of 
receipts in the office will very probably enable me to do it by the time I 
mention. At the instance of Col. Bentiey, I have taken the liberty to 
make this application, and doubt not that it will be complied with if it 

can possibly be done. 

I have, &c. 



June 10, 


E. Carrinoton to the Governor. 

I had the pleasure yesterday afternoon of receiving your letter, inclos- 
ing one to the Treasurer, instructing him to advance for the purpose of 
accommodation to the Troops of the U. States about to be disbanded, the 
sum of 10,000 dollars, on the deposit of Bank Notes to that amount. 
This will fully answer the intended purpose, and the notes shall be taken 
up with specie by the first of July. 

The kind and friendly manner in which you and the Council of State 
have united in this measure is sensibly felt by those concerned, and will 
be duly appreciated by them as well as by myself. 

I have, &c. 

June 11, 

William Lambert to the Governor. 

1 received this morning your Excellency's letter of yesterday, commu- 
nicating the unanimous thanks of the Council for the present I had the 
honor to make some days ago, and which has met with a reception far 
exceeding its merits or ray expectation. 

Permit me, sir, through you, to assure the honorable body over which 

you preside, that I accept with the highest sense of gratitude and respect 

the valuable testimonial of polite consideration with which they have 

been pleased to favor me. 

I am, sir, &c. 

June 14, 

William Berkeley to the Governor. 

Influenced by the idea which generally prevails, that some precautions June 14, 
are necessary at the present period in consequence of the disbanding of *^^®^*"7 


1800. the troops in the vicinity of this place, permii me to invite the attention 
TiSwiiA ^^ ^^^^ Excellency and the honorable Board to the propriety of estab- 
lishing a guard at the Capitol for a .<«hort period. 

I submit it entirelv to vour Excellencv to determine whether it is a 
subject of sufficient magnitude to lay before their Honors, and will with 
pleasure acquiesce under your opinion. 

I remain, d:c. 

Samuel Dexter to Samuel Colbmah. 

June 16, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated the 24th ult., 

Washuiffton ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ Military I^nd Warrants issued from the Land Office 

in Virginia to the officers and soldiers (or their representatives) who 

served during the late war in the Virginia line on Continental Elstablisb- 


The order in which the list is arranged will certainly ^EMulitate the 
search required in this department 

I am. &c 

June 18 The official Bond of Henrv Moore as Notarv PubUc for the Town of 

Alexandria is on file. 

JoHx Curd to the Governor. 

Jnne 19, Setting forth his claim to the Sheriffidty of Goochland. 

June 19 Petition of Wm. H. Miller for appointment to the Sheriffalty of Gooch- 

land, with numerous certificates, filed. 

Richard Parker to the Governor. 

June ^. Recommending Samuel Templeman for the SheriflGaJtv of Westmore- 
^^^^^^ land. 

Samuel Templeman to the Governor. 

June 25, Informing him of his resignation of commission as Inspector of 
la^*^ Tobacco before resuming the duties of Magistrate. 



Wm. Nelson to the Governor. 

Informing of his issuing orders to captains of companies to forward to 1800. 
him the arms in the possession of said companies, which he promises to York 
forward to Richmond when received. 

Thomas Carter to the Governor. 

Asking instruction as to his eligibility to the captaincy of a military June 25, 
company while holding the office of Collector of the Revenue under the ^'^*^**'ter 
Federal Government. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Asking that experts be appointed to measure the mason work done by June 27 
Messrs. Wise & Carney on the Armory building. 

Nathaniel Darby to the Governor. 

Informing him of his eflforts to comply with the orders for the return June 30, 
of arms in the hands of the military under his command. Northamp- 


Transmits quarterly return of arms, Ac, at the Arsenal, and estimates July 1, 
that $50 or 8100 would be sufficient advance for the expenses of the Arsenal 
garrison for the next quarter. 

Quarterly Return of the Anns and Military Stores at the State Arsenal, 

July 1st, 1800, 

16^inch brass mortar, 1 ; brass field cannon, 1 ; muskets in repair, 7,175; 
muskets with unground bayonets, 730; artillery and grenadier swords, 900; 
pigs of lead, 40; canister shot, 180; cannon shot, 260; rheams of cartridge 
paper, 30; barrels of flints, 18; pounds of ball and buckshot, 1650. 

Col. Thomas Buckner to the Governor. 

Of the fifty stand of arms furnished Captain Warner Lewis' company July 4, 
of artillery, he can hear of only 26 stand. If authorized to pay for their ^^lo^^'^ster 
conveyance by land to Richmond, which will cost $20, he will send them • 
at once. 


1800. William Giles, a contractor for brick work at the Armory, requests an 

July 5 advance of $600. 

July 5, Col. David Patteson informs the Governor that he will do his beat to 

Chesterfield ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^g ^^ ^y^^ j^^^^^g ^f ^^^^ j^^jli^j^ ^^ Chesterfield. 

July 5, William Berkeley informs the Grovemor that the balance in the Treas- 

Richmond ury is $18,319 32.^ 

On July 12th the balance in the Treasury is $7,590 88. 
Balance in treasury July 19th, $7,310 72. 
Balance in treasury July 26th is $9,217 67. 

CoL. Nathaniel Darby to the Governor. 

July 6, Inclosing return of arms issued to Captain John Eyre's company. 

° ton°^^ Regrets that there should be such a deficiency, but says that it was 
caused by Captain Eyre being appointed to the command of a company 
of horse, which, in part, broke up the light infantry company. 

Return of arms, &c., received of Captain John Eyre, July 10th, 1800: 
Good muskets, 35; bad 10; good bayonets, 35; good cartridge boxes, 40. 

CoL. Matthew Cheatham to the Governor. 

July 10, Has received no arms from Col. Patteson, late commandant of Ches- 
Chesterfield terfield, but has been informed by him that he is using every means to 
collect them. 

Martin Mims, Keeper of the Penitentiary, to the Governor. 

July 12, Employed Ge<3rge Anderson Stile on the 18th of the month at a salary 

Richmond ^f ^^(j p^^ month to instruct and work with the prisoners in nail-making, 
and had also appointed Joseph Kimbrough turnkey. 

William O. Winston to the Executive. 

July 12 Petition reciting that he was Sheriff of Hanover in 1787 and 1788, 
and by the misconduct of his deputies he became indebted to the Com- 
monwealth for a large amount, and a judgment rendered against him ; 
that he is willing to pay, but prays that there may be a stay of execution 
until he could sell his lands in Botetourt and Campbell for a fair price. 


Meriwether Jones to the Governor. 

I this morning received a letter from Mr. Callender, requesting me to 1800. 
inform the Executive, that Mr. Rose the jailor, was willing to admit him ^ 

into his own house, if they considered it a part of the jail. He also 
stated, that Mr. David M. Randolph had informed him, that whatever 
might be considered the jail of the Commonwealth of Virginia, would 
be respected by him as such; and considered as the place of confinement 
for Calender under the warrant of the federal court. 

I do not flatter myself that the Executive can interpose in this busi- 
ness, further than to consult the Attorney -General with respect to the lim- 
its of the jail ; with this view I write, and shall be thankful for an answer 
as soon as convenient. * 

I am, &c. 

Captain John Koontz to the Governor. 

There has an nomination of Magistrates taken place in the County at July 19, 
our pressent July Court — I think In that nomination their Has reather cou't^lf^*"^ 
been advantage taken of the Republicans — and that in this way we beet 
8 aristocratic Magistrates out of thirteen that being the whole number in 
the Countv. 

Those three where at our I^ast Court, and but three of our Republican 
Magistrates present owing as I sopose to the Court being in the H'eth of 
Harvest — those three arestocrats and the three Republicans Entered on 
8aid nomination — the Republicans of this Court could not carry any one 
point without having some one of the 8 aristocrats with tliem to make 
a majority of the Court — theirfore so that the three Republicans could 
get some of their Party appointed, had to Consent to tlie nomination of 
several arristocrats — and for my part think the republican cause will suf- 
fer in Rockingham County, should those arristocrats be Commissioned 
for that party is very Industrious, and courts in this State have much in 
their power as they nominate all militia officers, &c. 

I feel much for the Republican Cause — my uncommon Exurtions 
amongst my numerous fellow-Citizens in this County, the Germans, 
(being of German Extraction myself and speak that Language), I have 
Jfft no stone unturned to get them in a way of feeling for their rights as 
a part of the Sovering People of America. Have succed well amongst 
them — as being an old soldier in the republican cause, for in '97 when I 
wa8 in the Leageslature of this State, I was then the first republican 
Representative from this County for some years, which the Journals of 

tte Hous will shew. My occupation as a merchant obliged me to Decline 



1800. offering the succeding year, and have since still Got stronger in the Cause 
Rockineham ^^ Possible. You easily sopose I feel myself much hurt in finding some 
Court-house of our Hotest arristocrats, are about Gitting in power in Rockingham, 
and have for that reason taken the Liberty in writing this. 

I also think that a majority of the magestrates should be Pressent 
before a new nomination could take place. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — As I am in Publick Business as a merchant, my private Business 
or Intrust mite suffer was it known I had wrote to the Executive against 
some of my arristocratic neibours. and theirfore would rather, Sir, you 
would not make this letter known. 

John X'Larkb to the Governor. 

July 23 Agreeably to your request, I have made the arrangement herein con- 

tained for the distribution of the public arms to the several counties, 
towns, &c., of this State, which I submit to your consideration. In all 
cases where I conceived an expense might be saved by water carriage, I 
have adopted that mode of transportation. And as most of the places 
where I have designed them to be deposited by the vessels in which they 
are to be carried from Richmond, are towns or public places to which 
produce from the circumjacent counties is brought by land carriages, 
which generally return empty, opportunities will thereby be afforded of 
their being cheaply distributed from those places to the respective regi- 
ments for whom they are destined. I conceive it to be indispensably 
necessary that some respectable resident of each place of deposit should 
store the arms and deliver them for distribution as. they may be applied 
for by those who are properly authorized to receive them, which said 
resident (or agent) should be made accountable for the arms committed 
to his care, and should be reasonably compensated on his producing 
receipts for the delivery in good order of all the arms and accoutrements 
which may have been put under his agency. As soon as the arms are 
carried by water to any of the places of deposit mentioned in the follow- 
ing arrangement, information thereof should be given to the command- 
ants of regimen t-s in the counties for which such arms are allotted, that 
they are ready for delivery, who should be instructed to take the most 
proper steps to have the arms safely and cheaply conveyed to their 
respective regiments at the expense of the State. 

The Arrangement. 

Southampton 106, Sussex 67, Greensville 39, Brunswick 94, Mecklen- 
burg 110, Halifax 155, Lunenburg 70, Prince George 40, Dinwiddie 94, 


Amelia 57, Nottoway 53. To be conveyed to Petersburg by water car- isoo. 
riage and be there deposited for distribution by land carriage. Captain ^^^y -^ 
John McRae. 

Surry 39. Surry Court-House. Mr. Mackintosh. 

Isle of Wight 80. Smithfield. Captain Mallery Todd. 

Nansemond 89. Suffolk. Willis Wilkinson. 

Princess Anne 88, Norfolk 115, Borough of Norfolk 52. Borough of 
Norfolk. Col. Thomas Newton. 

Accomac 131, Northampton 54. Ferry House on the Eastern Shore. 
Peter Bodoin. 

Elizabeth City 15. Hampton. Miles King. 

Warwick, York, James City. [Torn.] 

Gloucester 47, Matthews 55. Town of York. Robert Shields. 

Middlesex 31, Lancaster 36. Urban na. Overton Cozby. 

Kssex 48, Richmond 38, Northumberland 05, Westmoreland 38. Tap- 
pahaimock. I^wrence Muse. 

Madison 80, Culpeper 140, King George 38, Stafford — , Fauquier — , 
Spottaylvania — , Orange — . Fredericksburg. Fontaine Maury. 

Henry Rose recommends Major Roger West, Captain John Moss, and. July 25, 
Nicholas Fitzhugh, of Fairfax, and Jesse Taylor and Francis Taylor, of Staunton 
Alexandria, for appointment as commissioners to supervise the presiden- 
tial election in Fairfax county. 

Meriwether Jonbs to the Governor. 

Has just received the paper for printing the laws of Congress, and July 25 
expects to commence printing at once. 

Ldst of Commwsioners fm* Supervisinxf the PresidentUd Election. 

Accomac — George Layfield, William Marshall, William Waterfield. July 29 

Albemarle — Nicholas Lewis, Jr., Gec^rge Divers, William Clark. 
Amelia — Major Joseph Scott, Thomas Randolph, Abraham Green. 
Amherst — Samuel Meredith, Land on Cabell, Nelson Crawford. 
Augusta — ^John Coalter, William McPheters, Sen., Sam-1 Miller. 
Bath — ^John Lewis, Jacob Warwick, Elisha Williams, Sen. 
-^^— Bedford — Christopher Clarke, Charles Clay, Arthur Moseley. 
Berkeley — WiUiam Darke. George Hite, Thomas Rutherford. 
Botetourt — Martin McFerran, John H. Madison, George Skillering. 
Brooke — ^John Connel, Robert Colwell, Wm. McKennon. 
Brunswick — ^Thomas Claiborne, Sterling Ruffin, Wyllie Harrison. 



1800. Buckingham — Charles Yancey, Wm. Perkins, Sen'r, Wm. Lewis. 

July 29 Campbell — John Dabney, DanT H. Perrow, James Clarke. 

Cumberland — Samuel Anderson, Randolph Harrison, John Hatcher. 
Caroline — James Taylor, John Woodford, Richard Hawes. 
Charles City — John Bradley, Collier Harrison, James Walker. 
Charlotte — Quin Morton, Bernard Todd, Thomas Spencer. 
Chesterfield — Isaac Salle, George Markham, William Brown. 
Culpeper — Philip R. Thompson, John Shakleford, Mordecai Barbour. 
Dinwiddie — Edward Pegram, Joseph Godwin, John Brown (merch't). 
Elizabeth City — Thomas Jones, George Wray, William Armistead. 
Essex — William Latane, Wm. Brockenbrough, Paul Micou. 
Fauquier — Hancock liee, Gustavus B. Horner, Augustine Jennings. 
Fairfax — John Moss, John C. Hunter, Francis Peyton. 
Frederick — ^John Smith, James Singleton, John Peyton. 
Pranklin — Henry Calloway, Samuel Harston, Samuel Dewall. 
Fluvanna — Samuel Richardson, John Quarles, Allen Bernard. 
Gloucester — Wm. Hall, Mann Page, Richard Baynham. 
Goochland — Thomas Miller, William Lee, Isaac W. Pleasants. 
Grayson — Greenberr}' G. McKenzey, John Filder, Enoch Osborne. 
Greenbriar — Samuel Brown, W. H. Cavendish, James Ried. 
Greensville — Joseph Wilkins, Francis Hill, John Goodwyn. 
Halifax — George Carrington, Benjamin Green, George Camp. 
Hampshire— ^John Higgins, Francis Murphy, William Armstrong. 
Hanover — William O. Winston, Nath'l Pope, Jr., Parke Street. 
Hardy — Col. Joseph Nevile. James Parsons, Abraham Shope. 
Harrison — John Webster, David Hewes, William Williams. 
Henrico — Nathaniel Wilkinson, Miles Selden, Senior, Daniel L. Hylton. 
Henry — John Redd, John Alexander, Peter Garland. 
Isle of Wight — John Goodrich, Emanuel Wills, Thomas Boykin. 
James City — John Ambler, Champion Travis, John Goodall. 
King & Queen — Richard Brooke, John Haskins, William Lyne. 
Kanawha — Thomas Lewis, William Morris, Wm. Clendenen. 
King George — John Taliaferro, Sen., John A. Stuart, Theodo's Hans- 

King William — William Penn, William Gregory, James Ruffin. 
Lancaster — Joseph Carter, Jun., Walter Shearman, Richard Selden. 
Lee — Ben. Sharp, Peter Fulkerson, Joshua Evings. 
Loudon — John Littlejohn, Charles Bennet, Albert Russell. 
Louisa — William O. Callis, Thomas Meriwether, David Watson. 
Lunenburg — William Taylor, Joseph Yarborough, Sterling Neblett. 
Madison — Reuben Fry, Abraham Mausey, Robert Roebuck. 
Matthews — Henley Gale, James Spark, Thomas Brooks. 
Mecklenburg — Mark Alexander, Abraham Keene, Wm. Taylor, Jr. 
Middlesex — Robert B. Daniel, Thomas Muse, Wm. George, 


Monongalia — Major Wm. John. Richard Claiborne, David Scott. ISOO. 

Monroe — James Alexander, John Byrnsides, Alexander Stuart. " ^ 

Montgomery — Daniel Trigg, Charles Taylor, Bird Smith. 

Nansemond — Robert M. Reddick, Richard Yarborough, Joseph God- 
win, Senr. 

New Kent — William Chamberlaine, James Semple, Robert Armistead. 

Norfolk — Richard E. Lee, Robert Brough, James Bennet. 

Northampton — Caleb Fisher, Matthew Guy, John Elliott. 

Northumberland — William ('laugh ton, Hiram Opie, Thomas Downing. 

Nottoway — Francis Fitzgerald, Edward Bland, Grief Green. 

Ohio — William McKinley, Henry Sineth, Joseph Tomlinstone. 

Orange — James Williams, Robert Taylor, Catlett Conway. 

Patrick — Joshua Rentfro, Jo6e])h Stoval, Jesse Corn. 

Pendleton — Robert Davis, John Slavica, Jesse Henkle. 

Pittsylvania — Isaac Coles, Wm Tunstall, Joseph Carter. 

Powhatan — Samuel Pleasants, Richard Crump, William Pope. 

Prince Edward — Archibald McRoberts, Tarleton Woodson, John 

Princess Anne — Adam Keeling, Thos. Wishart, Jr., Joseph White. 

Prince William — Benj. Botts, George Graham, John D. Orr. 

Prince George — John Shore, Richard Bland, George Ruffin. 

Richmond County — Ezekiel Levi, Vincent Bramham, Griffin Garland. 

Randolph — John Haddon, Allan Lee, Matthew Whitman. 

Rockbridge — John Bowyer, Andrew Reed, John Carnthey. 

Rockingham — Andrew Shanklin, John Carthy, Reuben Moore. 

Russell — Simon Cockrel, John M. Estell, Nathan Ellington. 

Southampton — Wm. Edmonds, James Wilkinson, John Taylor. 

Spottaylvania — John Minor, Mann Page, Daniel Kerr. 

Stafford — Col. John Cooke, John T. Brooke, Robert Henning. 

Surry — Cawfield Seward, Nicholas Falcon, Wm. Boyce. 

Sussex — John Mason, Sen'r, Jno. H. Briggs, John Cargill. 

Shenandoah — Jacob Rinker, Wm. H. Dulaney, James Allen. 

Tazewell — David Ward, Henry Bo wen, Samuel Walker, 

Warwick — Matthew Wills, Wm. Diggs, Wm. Allen. 

Washington — Francis Preston, Claiborne Watkins, Robert Preston. 

Westmoreland — Alex'r Parker, Thos. Hungerford, Thos. Plummer. 

Wood — Hugh Phillips, Rees Wolfe, Daniel Kinchaloe. 

Wythe — Alexander Smith, Daniel Sheffie, David Sawyers. 
York — WiUiam Nelson, Robert Sheet, William Howard. 

City of Willianisburg — Jas. Southall, Littleton Tazewell, Ro. Saunders. 
City of Richmond — Wm.* Duval, Alexander Quarrier, David I^mbert 
Norfolk Borough — Wm. Bland, Thos. Newton, S'r, Samuel Coleman. 


Col. Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

1800. Promises in case of need, to do all in his power to maintain an effec- 

Norfolk ^*v^ quarantine. There have been several deaths in Norfolk within two 
days past, but have been caused, he thinks, from the heat or from the 
situation in which those who died had lived, most of the deaths occur- 
ing in Water and Commerce streets, which are very closely settled. 
Believes the disease was of a violent bilious kind. 

Col. Reuben Beale to the Governor. 

July 30, Through some error, Capt. Lightfoot's commission has been misdated. 

Farm Hopes that the Governor will give him his proper rank sis he is a gentle- 
Madison Co. man much respected, and a good officer, and unless his rank can l>e 
established will resign. 

James Spark to the Governor. 

August 2, Representing his claims to the Sheriffalty of Matthews county. 
Mathews Co. 

Matthews County, June C&urt, 1799, 

Milton Glascock, Francis Armistead, and James Van Bibber, Gent., 
are by the Court recommended to his Excellency the Governor as fit per- 
sons to execute the oflBce of Sheriff of this county for the ensuing year, 
and it is ordered that the Clerk certify the reasons why James Spark, 
Gent., is not nominated in this recommendation. 

A copy — Teste: 

John Patterson, C. M. C. 

In obedience to the above order, I do certify that at the time the Court 
made the above recommendation, a question was made whether James 
Spark, Esq., commissioned as a magistrate pre\dou8 to either of the 
above gentlemen, should not be recommended as a proper person to exer- 
cise the office of Sheriff. Objection was made that although Mr. Spark 
was commissioned before the gentlemen above recommended, he never 
qualified until some time after the qualification of Mr. Glasscock as 
Sherift*. The Court therefore determined that the case should be left to 
the Executive to determine. 

Signed by John Patterson, C. M. C. 


Philip Norbornb Nicholas to the Governor. 

Major Coleman communicated to me in his letter of the 2nd instant isbo. 
your wish for a written opinion upon the case of Mr. Thomas Carter, as ^."?"®* ^\ 
stated in his letter to you of the 25th ultimo. 

I have prepared my opinion conformably to your request, which you 

will receive enclosed. 

I am, &c. 

The case submitted to my consideration by the Governor is whether a 
collector of the Revenue Tax under the United States, is excluded by an 
act entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act to disable certain offi- 
cers under the continental Government from holding offices under the 
authority of this Commonwealth, from serving as a militia officer under 
the Commonwealth of Virginia? The words of the act of Assembly are 
very bniad and comprehensive, it being therein declared "that no })er- 
son holding or accepting any office or place, or any commission or ap- 
pointment whatsoever, civil or military, under the authority of the 
I -nited States, whether any pay or emolument be attached to such office, 
place, commission, or appointment or otherwise, or accepting or receiv- 
ing any emolument whatsoever from the United States, shall be capable 
of being elected to or of holding any office legislative, executive, or judi- 
cial, or any other office, place, or appointment of trust or profit under 
the Government of this Commonwealth." , 

It appears to me, that the case submitted comes precisely within the 
provision of the acts in as much as a collector of revenue holds a place 
and appointment under the United States, and receives an emolument 
therefrom, and also because an officer in the Militia falls obviously with- 
in the description of a person holding an office, legislative, executive or 
judicial, or any other office, place, or appointment of trust or profit, under 
the government of this Commonwealth. I am therefore, of opinion that 
a person who is a collector of the Federal revenue, is incapable of being 
elected to. or of holding the appointment of captain, or any other appoint- 
ment in the Militia of this Commonwealth. 

Tliis opinion is founded upon an attention to the letter of the Act of 
Assembly, and is confirmed by a consideration of its genuine spirit, and 
of the jyolicy by which it was dictated. 

Philip Norborne Nicholas. 
Richmond, Aug. 2nd, 180(). 

William Price to the Governor. 

Asking permission to purchase two Franklin Stoves for the use of August 5, 
I^nd Office. ^^^ ^>®ce 


John Shbe to the Governor. 

1800. Commending the zeal of Robert McCormick in fulfilling his contract 

August 7, /. r i. ' 

Philadel- '^^ manufaeturmg arms. 


J. Grammer to Augustine Davis. 

August 9, I have thought proper to mention to you that some whispers have been 
Petersburg h^ard here within a few nighte past indicating some plan of an insurrec- 
tion among the blacks, it is said, intended to-night or some Saturday 
night. The evidence is not sufficient for any steps to be taken publicly, 
nor is it publicly known here, but are such as to render it perhaps pru- 
dent that the citizens should be on their guard and take such steps as 
may most likely lead to a detection if such a thing should be really in 

It is probable if such a thing is in agitation here, that it extends to 
your place likewise. I mention it that you may be on your guard. 

Please to procure from Mr. Collins, and send me by the stage on Mon- 
day or Tuesday, 4 oz. Norfolk Turnips, 2 oz. Hanover Turnips. 

Yours respectfuUy. 

Dr. Jambs McClurq to the Governor. 

August 10, The intelligence was received by Mr. Davis in a letter from the Post- 
Richmond master at Petersburg, and communicated last night by Mr. Davis to me. 

It appeared to be vague and uncertain; stated that there were whispers 
of an intended insurrection among the negroes at Petersburg to take place 
on last night or on some Saturday night, and that the information was 
intended to put the citizens of Richmond upon their guard, as the scheme 
might extend to this place. At that time of night I thought it best to 
apply to Capt. Austin, of the Horse, and Lieut. Dunmore, of the Light 
Infantry, and request that they would form a patrol for the night from 
their companies. 

The latter remained with Capt. Austin, who intended to comnmnicate 
it to the commanding officer of the Militia, that he might direct- neces- 
sary patrols. 

This prevents me from forwarding the original communication to your 


I am, &c. 


Walter Jones to the Governor. 

During ray service in Congress from 1797 to 1799 the claim to be High 1800. 
Sheriff devolved upon me according to the common routine in county Kiosale * 
courts. I then waived my claim, and Mr. Fallen, next to me in seniority, 
took a commission, and is now Sheriff. So early as August last, and in 
m}' absence, a motion was made for recommendation of persons for the 

My claim was entirely disregarded, and two Junior Magistrates, Messrs. 

Gordon and Nelson, named for commission. The same thing has been 

repeated the last of June, altho' some of the Court remonstrated against 

the measure in my behalf. I now solicit the office at your honorable 

Board, and request you to do me the favor to lay my petition before 

them. The records of the council wiU show the station of the Justices 

in respect to seniority. 

I am, &c. 

James Allan to the Governor. 

I am informed the yellow fever or some contageous disorder is now August 13, 
raging in Norfolk, and numbers are dying with it daily. bunr^ 

The inhabitants of this place appear to be alarmed for their safety. I 
was sent for by the Common Council for this corporation to day, to know 
if I had any authority to make examination on vessels coming from Nor- 
folk. I informed them that I had not, as I know of no proclamation of 
the Executive to this effect, but I promised to write to you as Superin- 
tendent of Quarantine, and on hearing from you would comply with my 

instructions and remain. 

Your, &c. 

G. Denbalb to the Governor. 

Relating to the return of arms loaned to the Corporation of Alexan- August 16, 
^j^ Alexandria 

John Shee to Geo. Hay. 

Relating to the contract of Robert McCormick, of Philadelphia, for August 17, 
making arms for the State. ^'^ Ma^^" 

Chas. Stimpson to the Governor. 

Recommending the establishment of a hospital at Jordan's Point for August 20, 

the reception and cure of infectious diseases. ^ ^ 




Rich'd E. Lke to the Governor. 


August 20, 


Your favor of the 29th Julv was this dav received. The several letters 
committed to my care shall be delivered without delay, except those 
directed to Col. Josiah Bull and Joseph White, who are dead. 

I assure you that I accept with pleasure the appointment you have 
conferred on me, and that I will, as far as my ability and judgment per- 
mit, execute the important trust with fidelity and alacrity. 

I have no doubt of the difficulty in selecting proper persons to execute 
the trust of Commissioner in the county of Princess Anne, as most of the 
influential men in that countv are in favor of Adams' Administration. 


I therefore beg leave to observe that Thos. Wishart, Jr., belongs to that 

Class ; Joseph White dead ; Adam Keeling the only one that can be relied 

on. It may. therefore, be necessary to make another appointment 

Under this impression, I shall delay delivering the letters directed to 

the Princess Anne Commissioners until I hear from yon, and beg leave 

to name the following persons if another appointment is to be made : 

First, Adam Keeling, Lemuel Comick, Sen'r, and Jonathan W^oodhouse. 

You will be pleased to direct what is to be done with the letter directed 

to Col. Josiah Britt. 

I have, (fee. 

CuLPEPER County, Set: 

I do hereby certify that Robert Ware Peacock, attorney at law, 
has attended this day on behalf of the Commonwealth at the Court House 
of this county at my request, upon an Inquisition of Escheat, which 
Inquisition was found unanimously in flavor of the Commonwealth, de- 
claring that four hundred acres of Land in this county, whereof Eklmund 
Harell died seized, are escheatable to the Commonwealth. 
Certified this 20th day of August, 1800. 

Aug'n Green, Escheator. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Augnst 22, 

The fever prevailing here proves fatal to many strangers and those 
unused to this climate. I am fully convinced that it is not im{>orted ; 
the old Inhabitants are as healthy as common at this season of the year. 
It has mostly fallen on Europeans; some few natives of the country have 
been sick, and but a small number have died. Whether the disease 
communicates, I am much at a loss to know, as in no instance I have 
heard of, the country people, who resort to our markets, having taken it. 


Having but very little wind, and much sultry weather, I believe to be 18OO. 
the great cause of our sickness more than any other. ^N^r?l^* 

Your Excellency's favor respecting the arms I received, and will be 
attended to. I have also received the appointment of Commissioner for 
holding the Election of Electors for President and Vice-President. 1 
shall attend thereto, but should much rather have attended the County 
Election, as being better acquainted, having served as member thereof, 
but a few years' exceptions, near 34 years. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Claiborne to the Governor. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated the August 22, 
29th ulto., covering a commission, to the which you have honored me ™'*^^'^^ 
with your confidence, to conduct the election of the Electors to choose a 
President and Vice President of the United States, which commission I 
do accept with pleasure, and will execute with as much accuracy as my 
best ability will admit, for I am well sensible that on the faithful execu- 
tion of it the sovereignty of the State and liberties and happiness of the 
American people essentially depends. In fact I believe, sir, that unless 
Jefferson is elected, our liberty and happiness will be in jeopardy, and 
altho' I will discharge the trust reposed in me with perfect uprightness, 
my tongue cannot be tied, nor am I deprived of the liberty and enjoy- 
ment of my political sentiments and wishes, which I shall cherish and 
promote by every legal and fair means. If I am not at liberty to do 
this my appointment is a misfortune, but I see nothing in the law or 
commission that prohibits me from expressing my political sentiments in 
public and private. 

You will excuse the freedom which my old acquaintance and friend- 
ship for you emboldens me to take. I have a confidence that the 
honorable station to which I thank my country for promoting you, will 
not render a line from your old Republican friend unacceptable or offen- 
sive. Permit me therefore to inform you, which I do with pleasure, that 
the glorious spirit of Republicanism is reviving here. The Kingdom of 
Belial is suffering loss, and the faithful sons of liberty are fattening upon 
the spoils of their triumph. 

For a while, sir, I had to encounter all the insults of the then triumph- 
ing partizans of John Adams; the war that armed him with his 

beloved army and navy made them insolent, but time and events favor- 
able to the faithful and to liberty, are daily unner\'ing the arm of aristocracy 
and ambition. 

0, how are the mighty fallen I 

My prospects appear fair for the ensuing election to Congress, for which 


WMK I am a i^ancJidate. Health and fraternity, and with every sentiment of 
HnSm^ frJi^ndHhifi and (^teem, I am, nir, 

Your, &c. 

George Hay to the Oovernor. 

Auguft 22, Endorsing tlie recommendation for a hospital to be established at Jor- 
^ dan'H Point. 

John Auamh, Prehident of the United States, to the Governor. 

AiigiiHt 2ft, On Saturday I received the letter your Excellency did me the honor 
^ ^ to write me on the 11th of this month, informing me that the Legisla- 
ture? of Virginia by a law passed in 1798, authorized its (-hief Magistrate 
to cede to the United States the Marine Hospital at Norfolk, on condition 
they pay the contractor the balance which was then due him by the 
commissioners, under whose authority he had undertaken and in part 
executed the buildings. 

I thank your Excellency for this communication, which 1 shall refer 
to the Secretary of the Navy for his report, as to him your Excellency 
has transmitted the act and account. As soon as the subject can be 
examined and considered, your Excellency will be informed of the result. 

With great respect, &c. 

Commonwealth of Virginia to Joseph Harding. 

August 28 (iranting him a commission as Superintendent of Quarantine at the 
port of Petersburg. 

.FoHN Davis to the Governor. 

AuffiiHt 28, l*ro|H*8tUs for manufacturing 1,000 stand of arms at thirteen doUars 
Kitluwond ^^^^^ one-thini per nuisket, at Morgan Town. 

t'lTV OF Richmond, 
In Ciimnton Hall, August 2Sth, 1800. 

Aiimtsi 2$, Whereas, it is iHX<sible that some iiersons mav come into this city 
tuoniiiomi ;uft»^.tj^ yy\x\x the yellow fever or other innitagious disorder, notwithstand- 
ing all the precautions that may l)e taken to prevent it — 


Resolved, That the Mayor be requested to represent to the Executive 1800. 
of the State of Virginia the propriety of erecting an infirmary in some Richmond 
convenient place for the receiving and taking care of any persons that 
may come to this city and its vicinity thus infected. 

A copy — Teste: 

Adam Craig, C. C. H. 

City of Richmond, 
In Common Hall, 28th Augmt, 1800. 

The Mayor laid before the Hall a letter from his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor, suggesting the propriety of this Hall's taking into consideration 
the necessity of falling upon some expedient to prevent the introduction 
by land of the contagious fever now prevailing in Norfolk into this city, 
which letter being twice read and seconded : 

Resolved, That the corporation of Richmond will cheerfully co-operate 
with the Executive of Virginia in any measures that may be thought 
advisable for preventing the communication by land of any contagious 
disorder that may now exist in Norfolk or any part of the State, or else- 
where, and that the Mayor be authorized and requested, and he is hereby 
authorized and requested, to wait on his Excellency and inform him that 
he is prepared on behalf of the corporation, to concert such measures 

with the Executive. 

A copy — Teste: 

Adam Craig, C. Co. Hall. 

John Beckley to the Governor. 

Recommending Mr. Wm. McLaws as a manufacturer of articles of sol- August 28, 
diers' equipment, such as belts, cartridge boxes, scabbards, &c. Philadel- 

Geo. Hay to the Governor. 

Recommending Wm. Durell as Superintendent of Quarantine for the August 29 
port of Petersburg in the room of Mr. Harding, who declines the appoint- 

Miles King to the Governor. 

Promising return of arms, also a valuable twelve-pounder cannon August 29, 
belonging to the State. Hampton 

Opinion as to the danger to be apprehended of contagious disease by 
mail boats from Norfolk. 


Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

1800. Relating to the exaggerated accounts of sickness at Norfolk, and 

Norfolk ' enclosing statement of William Sharp of eleven deaths from Monday 
morning to Friday night. 

Andrew Torborn to the Governor. 

August 30, Recommending Thomas Wilcox as Superintendent of Quarantine at 
^ ^^" Jordan's Point. 

MosBY Sheppard to the Governor. 

August 30, I have just been informed that the negroes were to rise (as they term 
Richmond .^^ .^^ ^^^ neighborhood of Mr. Thomas H. Prosser's and to kill the neigh- 
bors, viz: Major Wm. Mosby, Thomas H. Prosser, and Mr. Johnson; 
from thence they were to proceed to town, where they would be joined 
by the negroes of this place (Richmond), after which they were to take 
possession of the arms and ammunition, and then take possession of the 

Here they stopped, appearing much agitated. 

I then asked them two questions, viz: When was it to take place? 
Answer — ^To-night. Who is the principal man? Answer — Prosser's 
Gabriel. I have given you the substance of what I have heard, and there 
is not a doubt in my mind but what my information is true, and I have 
given you this information in order that the intended massacre may be 
prevented if possible. 

I am, with due respect, <fec. 

N. B. — I will here recite to you the manner in which I got this infor- 
mation. I was sitting in the counting-room with the door shut, and no 
one near except myself; they knocked at the door, and I let them in ; 
they shut the door themselves, and then began to tell what I have before 
recited. M. S. 

Jos. Harding to the Governor. 

August 30, Declining the commission of Superintendent of Quarantine for the port 
Petersburg ^f Petersburg. 

August 30. Petition of owners and masters of vessels for the selection of flC point 
Richmond ^f jg^^^j opposite to Warwick for the location of an hospital, instead of 
Jordan's Point, appointed by the proclamation for a Quarantine post. 


Tho. T. Davis to the Governor. 

The bearer hereof is Will Shepherd, on whose business I had the honor 1800. 
of receiving a letter from you last winter. He now comes to draw his Mercer Co. 

Our remittances from New Orleans have been better this summer than 
formerly, though the price of produce is still fluctuating, and we trade 
at great hazard. 

A large portion of the people of Kentucky keep right as to political 
opinions, though there are some among us who try to mislead, to wit: 
the Marshall and McDowell families and their several branches. Their 
influence is but small. There is no doubt but Mr. Jefferson will get 
every vote from this State in the Presidential Election. 

I am, &c. 

Francis Baylor to the Governor. 

The enclosed advertisement must plead my excuse for my present August 31, 
address. I have not the pleasure of being personally acquainted with ^^ ^"® 
you, nor is it at all requisite to forward my appeal to your heart, being 
fully satisfied with your character that you are a friend to justice, an 
advocate for humanity, and the equal rights of men. 

I was struck with horror on reading the enclosed advertisement. It 
appears that the unfortunate criminal ordered for execution on the 5th 
of SepV is deprived of the notice of his Master — of the assistance of any 
one who may have known his general character and spoken in his favor. 
These unfortunate circumstances will make him an object of your pity 
as well as of mine, I am convinced. If you will grant his pardon I 
shall ever be sensible of the obligation. As a christian, I cannot resist 
the impulse of my feelings to make this request. I am entirely disin- 
terested, not knowing the master of the slave, nor has any application 
ever been made to me in behalf of the unhappy culprit. 

I shall hope, if you incline to favor my request, that you will imme- 
diately take the necessary steps towards the revocation of the sentence 
finally passed. If he is not an old offender, I will hope that he may 
yet be reclaimed through the extension of your mercy. I had supposed 
that the Penitentiary House was erected for the confinement of all crimi- 
nals; certainly it is not intended to preclude that most unhappy race of 
people from benefits which I ])lush to think has too long been withheld. 
" G<xi is no respecter of Persons '' ; the black and yellow are equally 
objects of his care with whites. 

I remain, Sir, with profound respect, your, &c. 




Sept 1, 


John Shepherd Kerr, Major 99th Reg't, to the Governor. 

At the request of Col. Charles Stockley, he forwards four boxes of arms 
and accoutrements heretofore distributed to the 99th regiment 

Invoice of arras and accoutrements forwarded by Mr. John Custis: 
121 firelocks, 99 bayonets, 70 cartridge boxes. 

Sept 2, 

Col. Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Inclosed is a list of persons who died since the last return I made and 
the new cases. The fever still prevails among those who have lately 
come here, and the old inhabitants continue healthy. I do not hear of 
any instance of its communicating to the market people. 

The continuance of moist hott and sultry weather causes it to be very 
sickly among strangers. On Saturday we had a heavy rain, and on 
Sunday some wind, whi^h we were in hopes would have been of advan- 
tage, but it proved otherwise. The wind continues to the S. E., where it 
had prevailed mostly for six weeks, I believe is a great cause of the 


I am, &c. 

50 new cases and 10 deaths, all of the prevailing fever, since five 

o'clock Friday evening last* 

Wm. Sharp. 
Sept 1, in the evening. 

William Xelson to the Governor. 

Sept 2, Recommending Wm. Morgan for quarantine officer at York, and that 

" the quarantine ground should be the middle of the river opposite the 

mouth of Wormeley's Creek. 

Pickett, Pollard, and Johnston to the Governor. 

Sept 2, .\nnounce the arrival at Rocketts of 3 cases (60 stand) of anus of 

Richmond Swan's last contract 

Sept. 2, 

Dr. Wm. Folshee to the Executive. 

States that the Sunday l>efore, he nxle down to Dr. Heveningham'S 
with Captain Mulford and endeavored, unsuccessfiiUy, to obtain from 
him a site for a temporary marine hospital. A vessel is lying at Rocketts, 
which he suggetsts could be hired and fitted up with rooms on dock, 
which would serve very well for a hospital. 

OAIiEKlMr. (W -^ATT PA'PEte^ 


ATcbibaid J*pf*e^. ^fnitini: t-« tbi t^ovrm*"*; -s^tatr-- t4iii: th- inhi**»iT«n>- >jfv! 

anc Tvomtaa- that Mr Wilifo:x ma^ h* ai»T»ciintei> onftT»T*< «»fKr^T 

Btseii €uks U' tilt if^ior Jkr iudit^^. Il 7ii.'»«u. « to«tfie; 

^•ffl> "? 

T« THT fTOV«i??«>»^. 


AjLLa:^ Ti» THl ^»«V«l3<f»il;.. 

>iii{?e TBeeivni!: tin- jtnfrlBfngttfin he had iOrictly eniniic^ qmiTfinfim >se|M n 
tbt qiuEaumiiir imimid 

The Bcuir^ adrb^f liif' ^^rn^emcir To mJ] f»m ^?mfOi f*r^^>rti/«n M the- "S^^qf^ fv 
iiiilitiii *:4 litt camn^ f*f Btsurif*. and i tire5a<irfwi}d. *nd ^^i i;hr <^y ^ Kjohovwi 
Kidiiij' •ifd, it^ ht uuir thint jirojtts- niKiti xb< jipt^tnl cnxoxK^fK^ . 

Martin Miai< req«e«^ tbe Gc«T^«T»r> ofvanxM) *>< to fW *t<xisji^vi5uy h>^' S,^. fy 
employing additktial fiianl« at llw FHiil^ftliarv. lV^^i^>^t^m 

AMOS Alexaxper, Mayor. t\> thk i^t>vkrn^>r. 

There have lieen some causes of yelK^w lowr in Un^ town; b^l oiU> of S^nI. <V 
such pf^rsons as brought it with thein fi\mi NorK^lk. Smx^ml h«i\v \lu\l 
^ the quarantine station. 




Wm. Bankhead to the Governor. 

1800. Recommendins^ Watts Parker for quarantine officer. 

Sept 6, 
Port Royal 

Pickett, Pollard & Johnson to the Governor. 

Sept. 8, Have examined one case of the arms recently arrived, and do not hesi- 

ic mon ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^1^^^ ^j^^^ ^^^ ^^^ equal. Request that the Governor will 

examine them, and inform the firm whether they are such as tlie State 
would wish to purchase. If they are, will sell them at a fair price. 

W. Bentley to the Governor. 

Sept. 8, Since the receipt of yours of the 6th date, recommending the removal 

Mane es er ^^ ^y^^ arms that were of my Regiment, to the Penitentiary, I have been 
dihgently enquiring into the grounds of the alarm excited on this side of 
the river and which rendered the measure recommended by you, as ne- 
cessary ; after making these researches, I am fully of an opinion, that no 
real cause ever existed ; the people of color from this place through Pow- 
hatan up to Cumberland, are in such a perfect stat^ of quietude, that the 
circumstance of an insurrection among them is known to hut few, and to 
those few only as a report coming from this place. I am now perfectly 
satisfied, that either the keeping of a guard, or removing the arms, is 
unnecessary. However, if you are still of opinion that the public safety 
requires it to be done, I will give the storekeepers directions to do it, 
though to my mind it is unnecessary. 

I am, &c. 

Gervas Storrs and Joseph Selden to the Governor. 

Sept. 8 This is to certify that we were examining magistrates in the case of the 

negroes charged with conspiracy and a design to rebel against the white 
people; and from every incident which appeared at the examination, we 
do not hesitate to say that Gabriel, the property of Thomas H. Prosser, 
of Henrico county, was clearly proven to be the main spring and chief 
mover in the contemplated rebellion. 

Resolution of the Common Hall. 

Sept. 9, Resolved, as the opinion of the Hall, that from information communi- 

Richmond cated to them, there is reason to believe two black people in particular 


(whose nmnes it is thought iraproi)er at present to spread upon the isoo. 
record) are deeply involved in the guilt of the intended insurrection, and p^fif*' ^' j 
capahle also of giving very general information respecting their accom- 

Resolved, That the names of these be communicated bv Mr. Foster to 
the Governor, together with the request of the Hall that they be appre- 
hended as soon as possible. 

Copy — Teste: 

Adam Craio, C. C. H. 

John Shbe to Samuel Coleman. 

Inclosing bill lading for two chests of arms shipped to Richmond. Sept. 10, 


Return of muskets, bayonets, and cartouch boxes of 2d Regiment of Sept. 10 
Militia, shipped to Richmond from Accomac county : 94 muskets, 73 
bayonets, 69 cartouch boxes. 

Jno. Cropper, Jr., 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Second Regiment. 

Elisiia C. Dick to the Governor. 

A day or two after the receipt of the Governor's proclamation, Captain sept. 10, 
Butler's packet arrived at the quarantine ground from Norfolk with Alexandria 
twenty persons on board. On the night after, one of them died of the 
yellow fever, and four or five being ill, a house at the extreme end of the 
point had been procured for a hospital. Two more of the sick died a 
few days later. 

He has asked the corporate authorities to interdict all communication 
with Baltimore. 

The inhabitants of Alexandria for the two or three preceding weeks 
as usual. Bilious, intennittent and remittent fevers are more prevalent. 

Matthew Cheatham to the Governor. 

Had received the orders for calling out the militia of Chesterfield, and gept. 10, 
as soon as the men could be collected in Manchester and the requisite Manchester 
orders given, would send one hundred to Richmond. 


]^#«, it^ \l^ insLd ^A NkidMirl ulim^ MiktL Jt ZK^fro* oqeui ^rt* the |»it>|iertT 
<^ J'^lilh ^>w*fu *A i2^ «ttid 'jioacftr. aianfA «ilL cK«if|j«neT and insiir- 

Pre^iit: l>a»id 1^ Hrli.r>ib. Niks^S4d«Q.B^^kT^«ke. UeDekuJ Hen- 
S^. lUfftjfktiihi ^n>r>j^. n^Mi^AiiX Y<«a&^a«}Mftci<(i and Ge«i>rpe WilliafD^on. 

Tf»^ «aHi %0r£rff man Mieba^ aljjk9& 31 ike. vas^ fiK to the ftsr in custody, 
and Urioj? zmdzrt^ *A the ifrtuiis-<tf^ raid he vac in tm^wise ^ihj of the 
criine witli whiefa ^<e ftaodf accorded. «berefi|pMi «oiidTX witnctst^e? Iteing 
':}<ar^eirL ^ir^^m an^i exsuithte^L and tbe |«rt?«:4)er bearil in hi« ddence by 
J^aes^ Rind. GtnL. or^uanc^ a£(!i%n€«i him by tbt* oiMirt. on oMi^deration 
wYteretff. it iif tbe of minion of tbe c^Hirt that the ?aid Michael alia? Mike, L< 
^ilty if( the crime vritb vbicb be stands cliais^evL and ibr the same that 
lie lie lian^l by the wxk until be be dead, and that exenition of this sen- 
U^Kxr be drme and \ierifsnneti on biin the foid Michael alias Mike, on to- 
rfiormir. lidnir tbe twelflh instant, at the ii5oal }»lace of execotion. The 
t^mri raluerl tbe said islare at one hundred pounds. 

TTie minateiff of the ioreiEcang trial and prooe«ding!& were signed by the 
aliove riafijef] juictices. 

A Copy — ^Tcste: 

Adam Craig, C. H. C. 

Ilenrift) County Con it, on September lltb. sentences John, a negro 
man *«lave. tlie prf>|>erty of Mary Jone*?, of Ifanover, to death on charge 
of cruLHpiracy and iii.<urrection. an<l onlers tliat he be hung at the usual 
pla/x' of execution on the 12th inst 

Henrico County Court, on Sept. 11th. sentences Solomon^ a ii^jo man 
slave, the proj»er(y of Thomas H. Prr»&<er, i>f Henrico, to death on charge 
of a^nspiracy and insurrection, and orders that he l>e hur^ on the 12th 
instant at the usual place of execution. 

Henrico County Court, on September lltli, sentences Nat, a negro 
man slave, the prr)f»erty of Anne Parsons, of Henrici>, to death on charge 
4»f conspiracy and insurrection, and orders that he be hung on the 12th 
instant at the usual place of execution. 

Henrico County Court, on Sej»tember 11th. sentences Isaac, a negro 
man slave, the proj»erty of Wm. Burt4m, of Henrico, to death on chai^ 
of ciiUi^pirac}' and insurrection, and (irriers that he be hung on the 12th 
instant at the usual place of execution. 


Hemieo Ommty Ootnt, on September 11th, sentences Will, a nc^ro nw. 
man slave, tbe jiroperty af John Woshy, Senior, of Henrico, to death on iSliuli* 
chai^ of txiDflpiracy and insurrection, and orders that he he humr on 
the litth instant at the Of^ual place of execution. 

Erid^^we Apfmud t/*r Ne4froe*< Trier! Scpf(^9hher 11th. 

Si^hmt^i^ Cam. — ^Ben, tlie j»roj»erty of Tlios. H. Proi^if^eT, dej>o}<ed : That 
the prisoner at the ]>ar made a numher of swords for the pnrjvise of 
carrying into execution the j»lan of an insurrection which was planned 
hy Gabriel, a ne^rro man, the pn»]H*rty of said Prosser, and that the said 
Solomon wa«j to be Treasunir. In the first }»lace, Mr. Prosser and Mr. 
Johnsim were t/» l»e l:illed and their arms seized iijion ; tJien they were 
Uy r^ort to and kill all the ^^'hite Neighbours, This ]>lan to be execute 
on tbe Saturday night on which tliere was such a great iall of rain. 
Tbe ]ilace of meeting was near I'rosser's Blacksmith s shop in the woods. 
Aft^r Murdering tbe Inliabitants of tlie Neigh bourlKK>d, tbe assembly 
were to refiair to Bicliniond and Seize ufion the Arms and Ammunition — 
to-wit. the Magazine. Cialiriel was to command at commencement of the 
business. Tl>e swords made bv the prisoner were to lie distribute bv 
«'d Gabriel; swords have Vieen making ever since last Han'est.. l,00f) 
men was to be raised from Richnxind, 60(1 from Ground Squirrel Bridge^ 
and -RO fr<:»m Goodiland. Meetai^ were frequently h^d at William 
Young's under pretext of attending preachmeait, and at other times — 
viz,, at Fish feast and at Barbacues, to ooncejt the plan of InsurrectiiW. 
The Rain which fdl on Saturday night, the ^Oth August, preventer! tlie 
carrying the said i»lan into Execution. Swords made by the jmsoiicr 
were to be used by Horsemen, two hundred of whom were ap|>ointoil, 
but it was exjiected there would be 41KI. Gabriel and SoIouhmi, the 
prisoner, kept lists of the names of the oonspimtors ; that he heanl Ix^wis 
Barret sjiokeo of as one of Town's Negroes concerned. That he in c^>n- 
versation with Jack lk>wler, otherwise called Jack Ditcher, it ap|>carod 
that two white Frenchmen was the first instigators of Uie Insurrection, 
but whose names he did not hear. 

Pharoah, the property of Philip Shepp^rd, de[x)seil; That Uie prist^nor 
at the bar on Saturday', the 3()th August. en<|uired of this dejH>not\t 
whether the light horse of Richmond were out he l>ehig then from Uioh- 
mond, who informed him Uiat he had seen some at Col. Goodalls tavern. 
Tlie prisoner remarked that the business of the insurrection had so far 
advanced that they were com)>elled, even if disco vereil, to go for wan! 
with it; that he had four swords then to finish, which he must complete 
by the time of his company meeting that evening, which would consist 
of 1,0CK) men, to wit: negroes. 

WUP-H Ca«e. — Ben, the pro|3erty of T. II. Prosser, deiH>se<l: That the 
prisoner brought two scythe blades to Gabriel for the pur|»osc of having 


UWt thfrm msuU^ inm -twtniit. ami that fi>ar ^wonb ir«p made one a£ tbtnii br 
fS*' ./ .'^«»li»mon ar. r»**|ii*^t of <rahri*ei: chat the -auii Will <i(ekiii>wiefi^»i in the 
prff^nrj^ '»f fh^ 'lKp*»n»?nt, In cf»Drf*r»adoo with <TahriiiL thi&c be was^ ci>fi- 
c#^m#^l in rJi»* o#>ni*piracy ami Im^nrTmititifu and chat he waiUrd the 
;i.(>fj»itncrttpnt of «^p€aJn **( thi» r«i«)t. bat thu h*^ini£ Tf-fw*e*i him. his^ wa:< 
U> ikfX ii^ n hor^nuui : that the whiteif were to be mardered and killed 
\nfl\i*tmm\x\skXAy. exr*ept [?^ ni>ne of whom were Co be t^mchetL 

T»»hy. the prr>pertv of John Hoinuin. deposed: That the pdiitOQer pro- 
pf>m4 tft join Mvl &rht the whiten : that he had joined, and haii ti> eany 
fwo :¥^thp^ hladeM to Siloraan to be made inti> ^jwoni* : he was *iefeennined 
r/> kill hiM maifter: that he haii hbf aua:$ter> ^orrel horse :$et apart for him 
tr> ;ict tiprm ai4 a hor>eman: that ther^ w:^* t*> be a irrand meeting of the 
neirrr*#»« near Pro^rter:*, firom whenee they were ti> proceeti and take the 
town; thnt 5/J<ii> bl2U!k>i were tr) meet the prisoner at the bar. and that 
all the bLi^k.-t who (Hd not join woald be pat t«) death: that he intended 
U> kill hw nui.'*ter on .Saturday night the ^l*)th Angn^t [a;«t: that the pri^ 
f^/fier had an appointment a^ captain, bat w^as tamed <KEt being ander 

.A/A^'jf Cfi^. — DanieL property of John MTHKamson. deposed: That 
the de(p^>nent being at ploagh at home, the prii^>oer. w^ho at that time 
worked at the penitentiary and wa:« pat^^ing by, invited him to come to a 
great barbecne irhich waa to be made by the negnDes at Half Sink : and 
nfifm being informed that the purport of the barbecue was to concert 
meaHTiren for raifdng an insarrection and m ordering and killing the whites 
iintl taking the country, of which he had no d^mbt^ as Gabriels and Solo- 
tiif»n, an/i himiiielf^ being a r^ptain, being at the head of the hosiness; 
that the <«kid John flaid he hail a number of men at the Penitentianr, and 
wa« going up to r'an>line, where he expected to raise s»everal hundred; 
that they were U) seize u[>on the arms at the penitentiary* and that all 
rjcgrf>eH who did not join in the in?<urrection would and should be put to 
dfatb. Tliat the whites were to be put to death indiscriminately. 

CharUrs, fm>f»erty of \Vm. Winston, deposed: That about three weeks 
a^r) the firi.Moner gave this deiJonent an invite to a barbecue to be at Mr. 
Mof>reV Hchool-bouse, which was made on a particular occasion, but was 
not made known to him, the depionent, which invitation this deponent 
refiirt^^d to accept 

fwiftr^fi (>iM. — Ben, the property of T. H. Prosser, deposed, that the 
pri.Moner informed him the deponent, that he had joined Proaser's Grab- 
riitl, in i»nler tr) take Richmond and that he the prisoner, was one of the 
fof)t Holfliers; that he was if possible to supply himself with a sword which 
if he could nf)t do, Gabriel was to furnish him, and he the prisoner, was 
iletcrmined either tf> kill or !h» killed. 

Dan'I, the property of Wm. Burton, de|)osed, that the prisoner informed 
the (h!|M>nent on Friday the 29tli August last, that he the prisoner, had 


bc«n inibnned by Nanny, wife to Gabriel, tbat l(MX) men were U> meet mn). 
aid Gabriel near ProsHer's Tavern the ensuing night, and that he also ^P^*.^'» 
was to be one of them, for the purpose of murdering the White Citizens; 
that the Governor had in some measure, got an alarm of this business, 
and had caused the arms which had been kept in the C'a{>itol to be re- 
moTed to the Penitentiary — that they should not mind the guards which 
were placed over the arms as they were determined to rush throujj^h them 
an«i take both them and the magazine — that he communicated this infor- 
mation to the overseer that an army of negroes were raising jigainst tlie 
whites, with an injunction to the said overseer to keep the communication 
secret, the blacks were determined to kill everv black who sliould not aid 
in. and join them in the insurrection. The prisoner wi\s much intoxi- 
cated at the time of the conversation and information above. 

MichnePs Case. — Ben, the property of T. H. Prosser, de|)Osed: That 
about a fortnight before time api>ointed fur the insurrection, the prisoner 
being on his way to Richmond, employed (labriel to make him a sword, 
which was to be used by him in fighting tlie whites under the command 
of Oabriel, as a foot soldier; that he «dled on the Saturday evening 
appointed for carrying the plot into execution, the prisoner a]>plied at the 
h^use of Gabriel and obtained his sword, and ]>romised to meet the Sun- 
day night at the Tobacco house of Mr. Prosser, that being too rainy an 
evening for carrying their * * * 

Pharoah, the property of Philip Sheppard, deposed: That in the week 
preceding the Saturday appointe<l for an insurrection, the prisoner in- 
formed him that Gabriel was to furnish him a sword, which he would 
call and get on Saturday evening ensuing; that he had joined the party. 

Ned, the property of Judith Owen, deposed : That the prisoner informed 
him he had been requested by Gabriel to join him in an insunection, 
which he had rejected, promising said Ciabriel should he see the business 
progress well he would afterward join him. 

William Gentry deposed: That he and Mr. Glenn being in pursuit of 
Gabriel and just on the return from said Gabriel's habitation, fell in with 
the prisoner, who they were about to take up when he fled into the 
wo<k18; that being pursued by Mr. Glenn, was taken some time before the 
deponent arrived, and that Mr. Glenn informed him that a scythe hhule 
made into the fonn of a sword was produced by the prisoner, with which 
he made battle against said Glenn, who had overcome the prisoner and 
had then the said sword in his possession. 

Xat'ii Cane. — Ben. the property of T. H. Prosser, deposed: That the 
prisoner had joined Gabriel to fight the White people, and for that pur- 
jiose purchased a sword from one William, belonging to Ben Mosby ; that 
upon falling in with Gabriel and this dep(ment,he informed Gabriel that 
he had his sword, and lefl it at the warehouse; that he had a stick in his 
hand, and, flourishing it in his hand, observed that thus ho would wield 



Sept U^ 

Sept le, 

hb sword. This was about three weeks pre^oos to the time appointed for 
the coiututHiceuieut of the insurrection. That the said Gabriel and the 
prisoner a^reeil that the prisoner should bear the rank of a captain, the 
saiil prisoner remarking that all the Warehouse boys had joined^ and he 
would go on to get as many as he could until the app<Hnted time. 

WashiugtiHi^ belonging to Ben}. Mo^by^ deposed : That he mAd a sword 
to the prisoner^ who intbrmed him he wanted to stand Goard with it at 
the Warehouse^ where he then lived and had the care oL 

Henrico C ounty Tourt sentences Franks a negro man sla^e. the property 
of Thos. H. Prt-»sser» to death on charge of conspiracy and insuxrection. 
and onlers him to be hung on the I5th instant at the usual place of 

Henrico iXniuty Court sentences Martin, a n«anro man slave, the property 
of Tb^is. H. lV>sser. to death on change o( ct»nspiracy and insorrection, 
and oriiers him to be hung on the l-yth instant at the usual place of 

Heuri^v County Coart sentences Billy, a negro man slave, the property 
of Roger Gregory, of Heurtcu. to death on charge olt coo^iracy and 
iusurrecUoUv and orders that he be bung on the I>th instant at the ik^ual 
place o( execution. 

HenHco County Court sentences Charies> a negro man slave, the property 
of Roger Giegi>ry. of Henrico, to dea^h on charge of conspiracy and 
insnrreition* and orders him to be hung on the I5th instant at the usual 
place of execution. 

WiUin^m Hfjim to the ihwemar, Em^^tt^ntj Soltrm/^n.'i pP^^iJtktn jhr Furdt^n^ 

I et>nceive it my unbounded Duty to inclose Solomon s Petition to y«KLr 
Excellency. Much good seemi^ to dow trom a rapid execution. My 
< lay light Bell uo sooner gave signal to my Servants^ to rise to duty, than 
it roused the uniortunate criminals^ to a sense of their approaching &te. 
than the whole jail was alive to Uymus^of l^raise to the Great God^ and 
I L hope) true repentance instantly begatu 

I am. -^ir. ifec. 

The Petition of the negr»> man Salomon, uow under sentaence of death 
iu the Jail of RichmumK Hutubly reprh'sentiy — 

That the [petitioner woidd cousider it as a favour of tiie highest im- 
p*.»rtance and as essential to his^ eternal welfare* if he could possibly^ by 
vour Kxcelleiicy^s ^ootlncss> obtain a respite tor a few days from the 
execution ui the just and awful :>euu.'Uce which has been pronounc*^^ 


ag't hira; that this act of mercy and compassion will not only he of the 1800. 
utmost advantage to the petitioner, but it may ultimately promote the ^Pt-.12, 
interest of the Commonwealth, as he is ready, if time shall be allowed 
to him for recollection, to make numerous and important discoveries con- 
cerning the late atrocious conspiracy. And your Excellency's Petitioner, 
as in duty bound, shall ever pray, &c. 

Further Trials of Insurgents. 

Trial of Gregory^H Billy. 

Testimony of Ben against him: Billy was one. Gabriel asked Billy if 
he would be one. He said that he wanted to be a captain if Gabriel 
would find him arms, which Gabriel agreed to. Was to have Mr. Greg- 
ory's horse. This conversation was on Wednesday night. He wanted 
to be a captain to fight the white people. He was to meet Gabriel the 
next night at Mr. Owens'. Guilty; executed Monday. Valued £100. 

TrUd of Martin, Property of T, H. Prosser. 

Witnesses — ^John and Ben. 

John — Gabriel carried some spirit to a spring where the prisoner was. 
When he was asked by Gabriel if he would join him to fight the white 
people he said he would. 

Ben — Martin enlisted under Gabriel, but Gabriel said he was too old. 
Then Martin said he would run bullets and keej) them in bullets. 
.Guilty; executed on Monday. Valued £30(\ 

Trial of Charles. 

Testimony of Patrick and Ben against him. 

Patrick — Charles asked him at Gregory's Tavern if he was a man. He 
said he wanted him to meet him Saturday or Sunday; he wanted to talk 
with a man. He would pay him well. 

Ben — Charles wanted to be aCap't; Gabriel said he might be a ser- 
geant — he was too trifling a fellow. Charles cursed mightily about. 
Charles was to meet Gabriel on a certain day at Mr. Gregory's, where 
there wtis 29 arms, where he was to be furnished with arnjs. He told 
Galiriel after he agreed to make him a Capt. that he would raise him 30 
or 40 arms. Guilty ; to be executed on Monday. Valued at £100. 

Trial of Frank. 

Testimony of John and Ben against him. 

John — Gabriel asked him to join him. He said he would. Those 

who were to join were to stand up; the prisoner stood up. They were 

to meet at Young's spring afterwards to confer on the same subject. 

The prisoner said he would enlist with Gabriel to fight the white people. 



Sept. 12, 


Ben — He agreed to join Gabriel to fight the white people for their 
liberty. George asked Frank why they did not start; Frank said the 
weather was too bad, but they were to meet — night. Guilty; to be 
executed on Monday. Valued £irjO. 

Sept. 12, 

Sept. 13, 

Trial of Martin, Property of R. Gregory. 

Tei^timony of Billy and Ben against him. 

Billy — Last Wednesday was a fortnight. He came to the witness and 
told him he could tell him news. He told him the bovs on the Brook 
were going to fight the white people, and that he had joined them, and 
advised the j^risoner to join also. The witness ad\nsed him not to join, 
and he said he believed he would not. The witness asked him what 
boys they were. He said he could not tell him, but that he would know 
in time. 

Ben — Ben knew Martin, but did not know that he was concerned in 
the business. 

Moses, for the prisoner — The witness heard the prisoner, after the plot 
was discovered, curse the black people for intending to rise against the 
whites. Acquitted. 

Ro. H. Saunders informs the governor that he has received his instruc- 
tions in regard to arresting a man at the coal pits [Tuckahoe], and that 
by the time of writing he had no doubt that they had been carried out 
by Captain Sanders. 

Henrico County Court sentences Sawney, a negro man slave, the pro- 
perty of William Young, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 18th instant at the 
usual place of execution. 

Evidence in the Case. 

Prosser's Ben — He, the witness, went with GenT Grabriel on a Friday 
night (time not particularly ascertained, but between 3 or 4 weeks agone). 
Sawney, the prisoner, together with a number of negroes there present, 
made a contribution of money, which was lodged with a negro man 
called Ben Woolfolk, who, the De|X)nent understood, was about to go in 
a few davs into the count v of Caroline.- This monev was? to be expendeil 
in drink by the said Ben Woolfolk in the county of Caroline and treated 
with by way of inducing the n^roes there to join in the Conspiricy. 
The prisoner contributed six pence. Gabriel and Ben Woolfolk informed 
the persons present that they should have good Arms, and that they had 
a large number of men. Sawney, the prisoner. Enliste<l as a soldier 
under Ben Woolfolk to fight the White people for the Freedom by his 
acknowledgment in the presence of the witness. 


Confe^ion of Sohinon. 

Cora ID unicat ions made to the subscribers by 8olo!iioii, the property of ISOO. 
Thomas H. Prosser, of Henrico, now under sentence of death for plot- 
ting an insurrection. 

My brother Gabriel was the person who influenceil me to johi him and 
others in order that (as he saidlr we might conquer the white |)eople and 
possess ourselves of their property. I enquired how we were to effect it 
He said by tailing upon them (the whites) in the dead of night, at which 
time they would be unguarded and unsuspicious. I then enquired who 
was at the head of the plan. He said Jack, alias Jack Bowler. I asked 
him if Jack Ik)wler knew anything about carrying ort war. He replied 
he did not I then enquired who he was going to employ. He said a 
man from Caroline who was at the siege of Yorktown, and who was to 
meet him (Gabriel) at the Brook and to proceed on to Richmond, take, 
and then fortify it. This man from Caroline was to be commander and 
manager the first day, and then, after exercising the soldiers, the com- 
mand was to be resigned to Gabriel. If Richmond was taken without 
the loss of many men they were to continue there some time, but if they 
sustained any considerable loss they were to bend their course for Han- 
over Town or York, they were not decided to which, and continue ut 
that place as long as they found they were able to defend it, but in the 
event of a defeat or loss at those places they were to endeavor to form a 
junction with some negroes which, they had understood from Mr. Greg- 
ory's overseer, were in rebellion in some quarter of the country. This 
information which they had gotten from the overseer, made Gabriel 
anxious, upon which he applied to me to make scythe-swords, which I 
did to the number of twelve. Every Sunday he came to Richmond to 
provide ammunition and to find where the military stores were deposited. 
Gabriel informed me, in case of success, that they intended to subdue 
the whole of the country where slavery was permitted, but no further. 

The first places Gabriel intended to attack in Richmond were, the Cap- 
itol, the Magazine, the Penitentiary, the Governor's house and his person. 
The inhabitants were to be massacred, save those who begged for quarter 
and agreed to serve as soldiers with them. The reason why the insur- 
rection was to be made at this particular time was, the discharge of the 
number of soldiers, one or two months ago, which induced Gabriel to 
hielieve the plan would be more easily executed. 

Given under our hands this 15th day of September, 1800. 

Gervas Storks, 
Joseph Selden. 


1800. Henrico County Court sentences Jupiter, a negro man slave the prop- 

H ^ m ^^^' ^^ Nathaniel Wilkinson of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 18th instant at the 
usual place of execution. 

Petition for pardon of Isham, a negro man slave the property of Wm. 
Burton, who had been sentenced to death for conspiracy and insurrection. 
The petitioners state that from his good conduct and honest character 
through life, they are convinced that if he entered into the plot he had 
been seduced and persuaded, and that if he should be pardoned they 
are willing for him to live among them again. Signed by Wm. Barton, 
Izard Bacon, John Williamson, Dabney Williamson, Robert Browning, 
Sam'l Allen, John Williamson, Jr., and James Allen, Jr. 

Henrico County Court sentences Sam, a negro man slave, the property 
of Nathaniel Wilkinson, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 18th instant at the 
usual place of execution. 

Henrico County Court sentences to death Peter, a mulatto man slave, 
the property of Thomas Henry Prosser, on charge of conspiracy and 
insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 18th instant at the usual 
place of execution. 

Henrico County Court sentences Isham, a negro man slave, the prop- 
erty of William Burton, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 18th instant at the 
usual place of execution. 

Emdence AgaimM Several Negroes. 

Commonwealth against Jupiter, the property of C/ol. Wilkinson. 

Prosser's Ben deposed: That the prisoner told Gabriel he would enlist 
people in town; that he had done very well in town, he had enlisteii a 
number; that he expected to enlist more. He enquired of Gabriel how 
he came on in the country. Gabriel replied he could make out some 
arms but not sufficient. The prisoner said he could contrive to let him 
into the C-apitol to get arms, &c. That the man who kept the key would 
let them into the Capitol to take the arms which were there. Tliia con- 
versation took place on the day of raising a new bam at Mr. Prassers, 
and was the day after Mr. Prosser left home to go to Amherst. 

Thomas H. Prosser deposed: That he left home on his journey to 
Amherst about the seventh of August last. 

OklESI^A^ iiF ^TA'ra: PAJSarl Mf 

Prosper* Heij — 3 -ssifr liin- iq «iit iryeai ij4»n**e ktwihi s* loradfrLi »Hfl»ire 
ibfy w«^ "k* iDf^HL 111 u Miin»enBtt!<iii iii iwe»Hn(**- cr lit*- cw)»(ni*^iii Smu. 
til*- j«i*.afer- 'liifienHid liiK if !«- Imd ^(•(» hhjij ikf T&lii&tik fltt- tduifiHh tn 
w^>qM Ptaans^ in Iihtb : l^ifi2 Tin'r fP«re Tf* "ficin iriiL •wTXiK^-iiiiickif iij liif 
)««S3i>giB£L ItBi i^KT wnuld s^ mthm- iniBi ii*e < A^iiv*!. r^aaii ^d liiBi if 
th^ bftd mm ^aiffiuiij li* iiil iq' i^ (ik^mtil Stfuicre "dipir -wiiold drh^ iJj 
ii>e li~faxi#- |«Hciitk- in 'flbe C^ier B^- jicipm^ li* meet 'Gi^irid ul liie lociii 

C>«iiii»* ojiRiikhli i^nuuH! IHirjd. jiriij*enj «<f XttLiimiml Wilkin^ Oi. 

Pn^jc-ta-V liHL <dt^»i»!*t* . TLhi ifii ISuuan V jirtKtediiii: liit^ SKJ^UTdjiT i4j- 
]««iiilrpd i<»T itHr lii«an!rm!«aiiii. ttn- jtniHiittjr ^it!' jfl Mt J*r<iai4HrV iaiti(^Hiiiiiij 
rbhL^*- J*T\f!«t!rV ?H4#ki!ij<iL ife«^^ xirt^ jirbiiiiitsT ij(»« ali tiif- l^i^r^^ iij Tc«wii 

tbt- ii>:^iiiTT ir^fUi SfiliUiiLiii Jb- iJlodiuf: I** tAtt 3iii«nTttt?tii«i tc "Uit- VescrcteK- 
Tbr wiuK^;!^ ilM^ ii«u*d <xidtrit!l ixitj "^Mt jmaKOHs intt- ^att iff lik jmJTT^ i<u2 

Aiu.«i«*Hi il»^ tiiBtif^ "lin- }«rwtixi«r Iiritii^^af lueKUlj w^sn t*» "d**- l^dfl*- 

iirrici • jLWtin 1± <'*(:lt«t^ nf lit- Itebtnnid. iRi*«pe iit^ idinid tbt^ |«n*w«i»«r ic 

*J>f B&r. &ijd SmidiiT iidKT iH^rr^ve^ n&uittd lor IdiUL gammig iridj ^ludii' 

^fvT >»ii*€^d ^'v ijbdintiLTiit iffiMkOjer jmd »lir<^itii«^ 

fr*iij b-iKit lift- 'wliiLk^sm- v«iil ii* liitr BftritacnH^ iiii«r*- Tin- jiTHHiiHjr, ^itifcJ»ri«l 

^jd ?<«ij^ f.fik*^ iHscrcftt*' ftiKfUi it*- arfr la tite iirJcifft- v*ir4- i*ii*(* jire**«ifl : 

Tixfti < iji,^ «itiL iLt ]«ifKiii#3r. «ud <:»tHin?fc. llit^ vixatea*- aud ^lutf (itlttir iH^i^e*- 

Ttxit ir:«i>^ viiii ^jta^sitsl: <jiii.l«iid liftd uhL^ l^ i^Wduer mud iii^ Ifrdt^H^r 

^^j€st w jKGii imij as liKr ibiiitttciM': icffaBT iKSUir iKflll^ liute la <ji&tirkir^ 

li*«Q««t:. be ^fx^tbdund n* i^ jirwciEitsr u>d ^^tHU^ft:. 114- iriua |iizr}«<>He W 

isk^ ibf^ti tc*^«Ei iiimi l«cfdj Mcrentd libtT- irucld. iLitd ^smciL ^^mkiiic xitt 

«4lier \'T liie it]a»d •ts.tibaiiML iitsn- wapt imr iuiu^ joid ljtaiJi:«i. HMf ^riD frAdt- 

V* oar kxioes^ iz^ l^.*d MMinffl' litliu la^ in liit- unwrnrj^i, Tbt- litfci SmiosT 

v^ ^«f««&Li€9d Ji^ lite ^T id M^tesiaiUL ii2 If Th. -<.^ir«iiii. k* ^HSiaik i^ jtliuj : 

AUmt an iK*OLr \*x JSun. "nifta liitn- Mnrvtid la ^siii^fntir*' lK«iH«t:. utisiffir m 

liitfii i&wxkaOiyd. Mz. &imaii% Fnoik nji^ jct libe £ln<^ in ticiiiijtBiiT insL 


Sept. 15, 


Bridge on the Sunday of the last Barbecue, he arrived there about 3 o'clock 
in the evening; wliile he remained there, the prisoner and his brother 
(loorge came, ho did not see either Gabriel or the witness for the Com- 
mon vvealtli there: they all set off from the bridge together, George and 
the prisoner turned off at the road leading to Prosser's Mill and said they 
were going to the Barbacue. 

Natty, belonging to Izard Bacon, for the prisoner, deposed : That on 
the Sunday of the last Barbacue which she heard of, Ishani came to her 
house early in the morning, that the prisoner also came there some time 
in the afternoon : both of them set off to the Barbacue after dinner from 
her house; they both returned to her house between sunset and dark, and 
they said they had been to the Barbacue, and that the women had eat 
up all the Fish: Isham's wife was unwilling for him to go, but he was 
pursuaded to it by his brother George. 

Mr. Ellis: Saw the prisoner ancf George on the day of the Barbacue, 
both in the morning and evening pass by his house. 

William Burton : On the day on which Isham and George are said to 
have been together at the Bridge and elsewhere, said George drove his 
faniily to a preachment from whence they returned about one or half-past 
one, or perhaps two o'clock, and knows not what became of him afler, 
during the remainder of the day; this was on the 20th July. 

Sept 16, 

Henrico County Court sentences [.Addis, a negro man slave, the pro- 
perty of John Williamson, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 19th instiint at the 
usual place of execution. 

Henriox) County Court sentences Isaac, a negro man slave, the pro- 
perty of James Allen, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy and 
insurrection, and orders him to be hung the 19th inst. at the usual place 
of execution. 

Confessions of Ben alias Ben Woolfolk. 

Sept. 17 The first time I ever heard of this conspiricy was from Mrs. Ann 

Smith's George; the second person that gave me information was Samuel 
alias Samuel Bird, the property of Mrs. Jane Clarke. They asked nie 
last spring to come over to their houses on a Friday night. It was late 
before I could get there; the company had met and dispersed. I in- 
quired where they were gone, and was informed to see their wives. I 
went after them and found George; he carried me and William (the 
property of William Young) to Sam Bird's, and after we got there he 
(Sam) enquired of George if he had any pen and ink; he said no — he 
had left it at home. He brought out his list of men, and he had Elisha 
Price's Jim, James Price's Moses, Sally Price's Bob, Denny Wood's 


Alter this Georae invile«i me to come and see him the next iSiKK 
■liciii. but I did noi co. The tt>llowin}{ Momiay nijshi WiUiam weiuover ^^*** ** 
iOfi cvCmiicd whh a dckel tor me: likewise one tor liiUH!»rt. The Thurs> 
WF aieht foilowinc, bolh Get»rge and Sam Bird i^time to see me. Hi>w- 
:«r5 Jaiek was irith us. We convert untiil iate in the night u^iini the 
soi^ect Of the nieditaUed war. GeoiKe said he would trv tt» Ih* reaily bv 
Ae lAth oi Aiunist. and the tbilowine Sunday he went U^ Hunj»ry met»t- 
ine-bouse to enlist men. When 1 saw him again he intbrmeii me he had 
aiiL«ted ^*7 men there. The Sundav after he went to Maneht^ter, where 
he *«id he had recruited oO-o<ld men. 1 never saw him a^ain untitl thi* 
«rmon at my house, which was About three wet*ks before the rising w;ts 
ti» take piai'e. <hi the day ot* the s4»nnon, (ieorge calle«l on JNim Hint to 
inform how manv men he had: he said he had not his livst with him, 
bat he sappo^eti about 5IHI. Get>rjrt» wisheii t!ie business to bt* deferrtnl 
>ome time Ioniser. Mr. Prosser s iiabriel wishinl to bring on the busi- 
nept? :is s«>on as possible. Gilbert sjiid the sumnuT w;is almost over, and 
he wished them to enter u|>on the busim»ss l>el*orv^ the weather got Uk* 
culd. Gabriel proposed that the subject should W referrt*!! ti> his bn>ther 
Martin to decide upon. Martin said there was this ex|>n»ssion in the 
BiMe. delays breed danger; at this time, he sai<l, the iH>untry was at 
peace, the soldiers were discharged, and the arms all put away; there 
was no patmling in the country, and that before he wv)uld any longer 
liear what he bad borne, he would turn out and tight with his stick. 
Gilbert said he was ready with his pistol, but it was in ninnl of rejwiir; 
he gave it to Gabriel, who was put it in onler for him. I then 
spoke to the ci>mpany and infornunl them I wished to havt^ some- 
thing to say. I told them that I had heard in the days of i>UI, 
when the Israelites were in service to King Pharoiih, they were 
taken from him by the power of God, and were carriinl away by 
Moses. Grod had blessed him with an angel to go with him, but that 
I ccmld see nothing of that kind in these days. Martin said in reply : 1 
read in my Bible where God says if we will worship Ilim we sboubl 
have peace in all our land; tive of you shall comiuer an hundri*d, \\\n\ a 
hundred a thousand of our enemies. Alter this they went on cHiUhulta- 
tion upon the time they should execute the plan. Martin spoke ami 
ap[K)inted for them to meet in three wiH'ks, which was to lu< of a Satur 
day night Gabriel sai<l he had 500 bullets nuule. Smith's (JtMirge saiil 
he was done the corn and would then go on to nmke as many enws Iiowp* 
jis he could. Bowler's Jack said he had got 50 spiers (»r bayoiu^ls IImmI 
at the end of sticks. The plan was to be as follows: We were all to u\vv\ 
at the briery spot on the Brook; 100 men were to stinid at ihv hrook 
bridge; Gabriel was to take 100 more and go to (Jregory's tavern and 
take the arms which were there; 50 more were to be sent to Hcsketts t4) 
set that on fire, in order to alarm the upper part of tin* town and induce 


1800. the people to ^o down there; while they were employed in extinguishing 
wept. 17 |]j^ j]j,g (;.^i^i.iel and the other officers and soldiers were to tjike the Capi- 
tol and all the arms they could find and he ready to slaughter the people 
on their return from Rocketts. Sam Bird was to have a pass as a free 
man and was to go to the nation of Indians called Catawbas to persuade 
them to join the negroes to fight the whiter |>eople. As far as 1 under- 
stood all the whites were to be massacred, except the Quakers, the 
Methodists, and the Frenchmen, and they were to be spared on account 
as they conceived of their being friendly to liberty, ieind also they had 
understood that the French were at war with this country for the money 
that was due them, and that an army was landed at South Key, which 
they hoped would assist them. They intended also to spare all the poor 
white women who had no slaves. 

The above communications are put down precisely as delivered to us 
by Ben, alias Ben Woolfolk. Given under our hands this 17th day of 
September, 1800. 

Gervas Stokks, 


Sept. 17, Colonel Mayo Carrington informs the Governor that on his return 
Cartersville i^Qiyjg fi-Qp^ Richmond, the Saturday preceding, he had received informa- 
tion which gave him strong reason to believe there was danger to the 
neighborhood. He had ordered Majors Hatcher and Patteson to carry 
out strictly the 39th section of the Militia law, and had placed stationary 
patrols along the river, the chief danger to be exi)ected being from the 
batteaux wen. Had arrested on suspicion a negro boatman named Step- 
ney and sent him to Richmond under guard. 

Sept. 18 Ben, alias Ben Woolfolk, sentenced to death for conspiracy and insur- 

rection Se{>t. 16th, pardoned Sept. 18th. 

Sept. 19, Henrico County Court sentences George, a negro man slave, the pro|> 
Henrico ^^jy (,f JacoT) Smith's estate, to death on charge of conspiracy and 
insurrection, and orders him to be hung on October 3d, at Watson's 
tavern, the property of Thomas H. Prosser, in Henrico county. 

On the trial of (George, belonging to the estate of Jacob Smith deceased. 

Ben Woolfolk, the property of Paul Graham, deposed: That the fii*st 
time he heard anything of a conspiricy and insurrection among the blacks 
was from the f)ri8(mer, that he came to his house at dusk or dark where 
he wjis cutting wood, and asked him if he would join a free-niason society ; 
this deponent replied no, because all free-masons would go to hell: uiK)n 
this, the prisoner said it was not a free-mason society he wished him to 
join, but a society to fight the white peo])le for their freedom, who replied 
he would consider of it; about a week or ten days the prisoner, and one 
Sam Byrd came to his house (at Mr. Young's where he was hired) with 



Jack Bowler, that the prisoner, Sam Byrd, and this deponent, conversed 
until late at night upon the intended war and insurrection: the said 
George told them he was one of the [>arty ; some short time after this the 
prisoner informed this de^K)nent that he had enlisted about thirty-seven 
men at Hungary meeting house, and fifty in Manchester. On Sunday 
evening about a week after the meeting of the prisoner and Sam Byrd at 
his house, there was a meeting at Prosser's Spring: the prisoner, Gabriel, 
this deponent and many others were there; they appointed the prisoner 
to carry the money which was made by subscription, to this deponent, 
on the night he was to go to Caroline, to buy liquor to treat the men to 
get them to enlist; up there George the prisoner was a Colonel: the pris- 
oner told this deponent that he intended to hire his time of his Mistress 
and go down as far as the pipeing tree, to enlist men, partially the OtU- 
fandi^h people, because they were supposed to deal with witches and 
wizards, and of course useful in armies to tell when any calamity was 
about to befall them. 

Price's John also testified. 

Sept 19. 

John Bracken, Mayor, writes to the Governor in obedience to a resolu- 
tion of the Town Hall, requesting a loan of 25 stand of arms during the 
agitation oc-casioned by the late meditated insurrection. 

Henrico County Court sentences Gilbert, a negro man slave, the pro- 
perty of William Young, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung on the 3rd of October at 
Prosser's tavern, in Henrico. 

The trial of Gilherl, the 'property of Wm. Yaung, 

PR>sscr'8 Ben Deposed: That Gabriel went to Mr. Young's with the 
witness, and after sending for the prisoner he came; Gabriel asked him 
if he had studied on the business; he answered he had. Gabriel asked 
him if he — ; he replied that his master had a sword hanging up in the 
house, which he WDuld get and make himself a belt for it He, the 
prisoner, wanted to be a Captain, but Gabriel refused him this command, 
saying he stuttered too much to give the word of command. 

Mrs. Price's John Deposed : That on a Sunday after a Sermon at Mr. 
Young's, Prosser's Gabriel gave an Invitation to some of the negroes to 
drink grog down at the spring. After being there some time, Gabriel 
asked the prisoner, amongst others, to join him to fight for his country. 
The prisoner consented to join Gabriel and to endeavor to get him men. 

Ben Woolfolk deposed: That the prisoner said he was determined his 
master and mistress should be put to death by the men under him, as 
he could not do it himself, they having raised him. After Prosser's Ben 
was arrested, the prisoner proposed to run away, and commenced meas- 
uring himself, and begaa to write himself a pass. 


Sept. 20, 



Sept 22, 



Sept. 22, 

Sept. 23, 



Henrico County Court sentences Tom, a negro man slave, the property 
of Thos. H. Prosser, to death on charge of conspiracy and insurrection, 
and orders him to he hung on Octoher 3d at ProBser's Tavern. 

Benjamin Oliver writes to the Governor asking that swords and pistols 
may he furnished the Hanover Cavalr}', so that they may be able to do 
patrol duty. Thinks much danger is to be apprehended in the county 
from the great number of free negroes. 

Sept. 24, William Prentis informs the Governor that he has caused the arrest of 

re urg j^^j^^^jj^,^ j^j^^i Jesse Byrd of Petersburg, free men of color, who one of the 

convicted conspirators, stated were principally concerned in the late plot. 

Sept. 27, 


Sept. 25, 

Sept. 27 

Henrico County Court sentences Sam Byrd, a negro man slave, the 
property of Jane Clarke, of Henrico, to death on charge of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and orders him to be hung at Prosser's Tavern on 
October 8d. 

Similar sentence of Michael, a negro man slave, the property of Thos. 
Goode, of Chesterfield county. 

Similar sentence of WiUiam, a negro man slave, the property of Wm. 

RiMd E, Lee Gives Information to the Governor of GahrieVs Capture. 

On Tuesday last Gabriel arrived here, and was soon after apprehended ; 
a negro on board the vessel informed John Morse, an apprentice boy, 
who immediately informed two of the Constables of this Borough, and 
who le^t this place yesterday charged with the delivery of Gabriel at 
Richmond, with a letter from Col. Newton on the subject I have taken 
the Hberty of giving this statement from conviction that the informers 
are entitled to some part of the Reward, which is submitted to your 

I am infonned that Charles Curlin is a material witness in the prose- 
cution vs. Dr. Head, and that he has not been summoned. The propriety 
of the Deputy Attorney's being altogether intrusted with the mana-ge- 
ment of the business is submitted to you. He is an Englishman, very 
intimate with the Dwtor, and a su])porter of the measures of the Execu- 
tive of the United States. 

I am, &c. 

Letter of Col. Newton respecting the conduct of Richardson Taylor: 

Norfolk, Sept. 24th, 18(KK 

The bearers hereof, Ohadiah Gunn and Robt. Wilson, bring with 

them Negro Gabriel, taken from on board the three-niasted schooner 


Mary, Richardson Taylor master, belonging to Richmond. Mr. Hooper 1800. 
is part owner of the schooner, from whom the character of Taylor njay ^P*'' ^' 
be known. It appears that he left Richmond on Saturday night week, 
and run on ground on the bar in Ward's reach, four miles below Rich- 
mond. On Sunday morning Gabriel hailed the . schooner, and was 
brought on board b}' one of the negroes belonging to her. He was 
armed with a bayonet fixed on a stick, which he threw into the river. 
Capt. Taylor says he was unwell and in his cabin when Gabriel was 
brought on board. Negro Billy says he was asleep, and when he was 
awakened and found him on board, he questioned him, conceiving him 
to be Col. Gabriel; that he said he was called Gabriel, but his name was 
Daniel. Tsham and Billy, two negro hands, informed me they told Capt. 
Taylor it was their opinion he was the person the reward was offered for. 
Capt. Taylor says that he came on board as a free man; that he asked 
him for hip papers, but he did not shew any, saying he had left tliem. 
Capt Taylor is an old inhabitant, been an overseer, and must have known 
that neither free blacks or slaves could travel in this countrv without 
passes; and he certainly. must have had many opportunities of securing 
Gabriel in eleven days, even if he had suspected his hands would not 
assist him, but they declared a willingness to me to have done it, in 
hopes of obtaining a reward; he passed Osborne's, Bermuda Hundred, 
City Point, and, J suppose, many vessels, where he could have obtained 
force to have secured him. His conduct after his arrival here is also 
blameable. He was boarded by a Capt. Inchman below this place, to 
whom he never mentioned a circumstance of Gabriel, whom he could 
then have secured. After he came up to town he went alongside a ship 
with 25 men on board, at 10 o'clock ; he still never mentioned the mat- 
ter. One of his own men, Negro Billy, was sent on shore, and he sent 
no information. He wrote to Capt. Ashley, but gave him none also. 
Billy being acquainted with a young nian by name of Norris, told him 
of the circumstance; he immediately took such steps, which was about 
two o'clock, that Ob'd Gunn and Robert Wilson, two constables, pro- 
ceeded on board the schooner Mary and took him. He was at liberty 
on board, and might have made his escape. Taylor says he had just 
begun to write a letter to Capt. Tucker, of this place, to know what he 
was to do with him. The part he wrote is inclosed, and I confess I 
think Mr. Taylor knew much better than he acted, what to do in such a 
case, having long had the management of negroes. I have bound him 
(Taylor) over to appear before the Mayor of Richmond to answer for 
his conduct. 

Gabriel says he will give your Excellency a full information. He will 

confess to no one else. 

I am, &c. 



Sept 27, 

ThomaH Newton to Obadiah Gunn and Robert Wilson, Constables: 

You are to proceed with the negro Gabriel according to the warrant 
lierewith, but in the first instance, as he promises a confession to the 
Governor, you will first carry him to his Excellency, and let hira not 
be disturbed by too many inquisitive persons, as it may be a means of 
preventing discoverys. Keep him as quiet as possible, that he may 
reHect on his situation and confess fully. Be cautious to let it l>e know^n 
that you have him on board, and be as speed}' as possible in delivering 
him at Richmond. 

Hept. 28, 



Sept. 29. 

Sept. 30, 

In Council. 

Messrs. McRae, Foushee, and Wood, who were appointed to take the 
confession of Gabriel, rej>ort that he appeared to make no confession 
worth reporting. 

It is advised that the extra guard over Gabriel be dismissed; that 
orders be given to the Keeper of the Penitentiary to secure him in some 
safe cell by himself, and that a sentinel of the general guard be kept 
constantly over him, and no communications held with him without 
order from the Governor. 

A. Blair, C. C. 

Governor Mmiroe siaten hia arders to the Coimril rciipecting GahriH, 

This slave [Gabriel] was brought to my house yesterday about 4 
o'clock in the afternoon, and a great cloud of blacks as well as whites 
gathering round him, I requested C'aptain Giles, who was present, to 
form a guard of 15 or 20 of the citizens he could collect on the ground, 
and take him under its care to the Penitentiary and continue to guard 
him there with that number of men in a seperate cell till further orders, 
holding no conversation with him on any subject or permitting any other 
person to do so. 

Sentence of death passed on Sam alias Sam Graham, a slave, for con- 
spiracy and insurrection. To be hung October 10th at the Cross Roads 
near Four-Mile Creek Church, near Robertson's Tavern, Henrico. 

Testimony of Ben Woolfolk against Abraham, a slave charged with 
conspiracy and insurrection. 
[Endorsed "Abrara pardoned."] 

Sentence of death on Dick, a slave charged with conspiracy and insur- 
rection. To be hung at the Cross Roads October 10th. The Court 
recommends him to mere v. 

Testimony of Ben Woolfolk against Dick. 

[Endorsed ** Dick pardoned.'*] 


S tt i icii fif of d^ftth on Jamefk a sblv%^ ehwsi^) with c\Hte^|MnH\v ^m) iiv- |;^\ 
siirmt»)ii. To be ban*? ml the Cnns? RocjhIs 1Vu4wt U^h, uSlawi^ 

T«9tin»HiT oi Ben Wo^^lblk asain;^ Jmm^t-v 
[Ebdofsed - Repricred to 2d Friday in Nownilvr."} 

Smience of death on SokvnH>n« a sla\'e char^^^I with ixuis^urncv aud 
icK^urraL-tion. To be hong October 17th at the usual plaiv ot' extvuti^vii. 
Testiuionv of Ben Woolfolk against Si^lonu^K 
[Endorsed ^Solomon (lardoned."] 

Testimony of Ben Woolfolk against JaiX>b, a slave oharg^nl with i\*n- 
^piracy and insurrection. 
[Endorsed ''Pardoned."] 

Joshua West, who was ap{K>intetl by 1\>L l^aiultert, quartcruuist^^r of s^^ut, :!UK 
the troops called out in consei]ueuce of Uie iusurriHHion, ami htul pnv «^*^'«*»*»**»^^« 
cured ever^'thing necessary for the soldiers — Uvrnioks, i^uup kottU^, 
wood, axes, *&c. — ^applies to the liovernor for money for usv of tho 

Sentence of death on Billy, a slave chargeil with et>nspinu\v and insur- 
rection. To he hung October 17th. RdHwunendeil by the cinirt for 

[Endorsed "Pardoned October Ist, 1800."] 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer, continued by adjournment and hold (Vt I 
for the county of Henrico on Weilnesday, the first of October, IS(K), for 
the trial of Lewis, a n^ro man slave, the pr^)perty of Dabney William- 
son, of the said county, chai-ged with conH[)iracy and iuHurrtnition. 

Present: Miles Selden, Hezekiah Henley, Benjamin (itKMle, liichard 
Adams, and George Williamson, Gentlemen Justices. 

The said n^ro man slave l^ewis was set to the bar in custody, and 
being arraigned, plead not guilty to the charge exhibited against him. 
Whereuix)n sundry witnesses were charged, sworn, and examined, and 
the said prisoner fully heard in his defence by James Rind, Gent., coun- 
sel assigned him by the Court. On considtTation whereof, it in the 
unanimous opinion of the Court that the said negro man slave Lew in iH 
guilty of the crime with which he stands accused, and for the name that 
he be hanged by the neck until he be dead, and that execution of thin 
sentence be done and i>erformed on him the said Lewis, on Friday, thi* 
17th day of October instant, at the usual place of execution. The Court 
valued the said Lewis to one hundred and ten pounds. 

The Minutes of the foregoing trial and proceedings were signed by 
>01es Selden, Hez. Henley, Benjamin Goode, Richard Adams, Geo. Wil- 

A copy — Teste : 

Adam Crak;, C C. 


1800. We, the subscribers, Magistrates of the county of Heurico, who sat on 

Oct. 6, ^]^Q |^j.jj^] ^yf goionion, a negro man, the property of the Estate of Joseph 

Lewis, decM, for conspiracy, do hereby, taking all the circumstances of 
the case into consideration, respectfully recommend the said slave Solo- 
mon a proper object of merc}^ to his Excellency the Governor and the 
Honorable the Executive Council. 

p. younohusband, 
Gfx). Williamson, 
Rich'd Adams, 
Hez. Hun ley, 
Benj. Goode. 

TriiU of Randolph. 

Oct. 6 The same testimony as against Dick (at Mr. Young's). He afterwards 

saw the prisoner at Hanover Court-House and informeil him the time 
appointed for the rising; he said he knew it before. He saw him the 
same day afterwards at liittlcpage's Bridge, at a preaching, where the 
subject was again renewed, and the prisoner said he would attend if life 
permitted. That two n^roes who were at the meeting had threatened to 
communicate the insurrection to the white people, were pursued by the 
prisoner and others on their return home with an intention, as they said, 
of putting them to death, but who when overtaken by them denied that 
they had any such intention. 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer held for the county of Henrico on 
Monday, the sixth day of October, 1800, for the trial of Dick, a negro 
man slave, the property of Paul Thilman, of the county of Hanover, 
charged with conspiracy and insurrection : 

The said Dick was by the said Court convicted and condemned to exe- 
cution on Friday, the seventeenth of October, 1800. 

The said Court, for reasons api>earing sutKcient, recommended the said 
Dick to the Governor and Council as an object of mercy. 

[On the paper containing the record of the trial of Dick is endorsed 
" Pardoned."— Ed.] 

Henrico County Court sentences Randolph, negro man slave, the prop- 
erty of Nancy Leftwich, to death on the charge of conspiracy and 
insurrection, and orders him to be hung on Friday, the seventeenth day 
of October, 1800. 

The said Court, for reasons apj>earing to them sufficient, recommend 
the said Randolph to the Governor and Council as an object of mercy. 

[Endorsed " Pardoned."— Ed.] 

Henrico County ('ourt recommends James, negro man slave, the ]»roi>- 
erty of Elisha Price, convicted in said Court of conspiracy and insurrection. 


and condemned to he hung, for reasons deemed hy them sufficient, to if^oo. 
the Governor and Council as an olyect for mercy. ^^* ^ 

[Endorsed, " Reprieved until the 2nd Friday in Nov'r next." — En.] 

Henrico County Court sentences Jack Bowler, a n^ro man slave, the ( Ht. 9 
|)ro|)erty of Wm. Bowler of the county of Caroline, to death on the chai^ge 
of conspiracy and insurrection, and order him to be hung on the second 
Friday in November next 

Siibntanc^. of the Te^tinumy given in the trial of Jack Bowler. 

Pnjsser's Ben. — The witness deposes that Gabriel infonned him that 0*t^ 9 
the prisoner was the first iKjrson from whom he received information of 
the insurrection intended by the negroes, which was to centre at William 
Young's. The prisoner sjiid at the Blacksmith shop, in which the witness 
worked, that he would raise and enlist men and contend for command 
with Gabriel. 

The prisoner came to the shop at sundry times, and had frequent con- 
versations and mentioned at repeated times there, tliat he had procured 
six or seven |)ounds of powder for the puqiose of fighting the white j)eo- 
ple: The prisoner agreed (in hearing of the witness) together with Gab- 
riel and Solomon, to commence the fight with scythe blades, until they 
could procure arms from the white people. He saw the prisoner at his 
Master's great-house on the Saturday night appointed for the commence- 
ment of the insurrection, in company with Gabriel and Solomon, who 
said and concluded that the excessive bad weather would prevent the 
people from meeting that night, and appointed the ensuing Sunday night 
as the time of meeting at his Master's tobacco house; he also saw them 
together on the Sunday morning following. 

Mrs. Prices John. — I saw the prisoner at Mr. Young's spring, in com- 
pany with Gabriel : he enlisted with Gabriel and engaged to get as many 
men to join as he could, and meet in three weeks from that time for the 
l>urpose of fighting the white people. Prosser's Tavern being appointed 
the place of Rendezvous, the prisoner enquired of Gabriel what he was 
to do for arms : the j)risoner applied to many who had agreed to engage 
in the insurrection, to give him the voice for General. But upon the votes 
being taken, (iabriel had by far the greater number. Whereupon, it was 
concluded that the prisoner should be second in command, to-wit, a cap- 
tain of light horse. The prisoner and Gabriel had secret conversjitions. 
That the meeting was interrupted by the appearance of Mr. Young's 
overseer, and thereupon the people dispersed, having previously agreed 
to meet at Mr. Moore's school-house, where a final conclusion on the 
business should be had. 

Prosser's Sam — ^This witness was a run-away at the time the affair was 
to have happened : On the Tuesday night of the week appointed for the 



Oct. 9 

Oct. 9, 

Oct. 10 

Oct. 11, 

Oct. 27, 



meeting of the negroes, the prisoner fell in company with a negro by 
name Frank : the prisoner enquired of the deponent, if he had heard that 
the negroes were going to rise in arms and fight for their liberty, (being 
the first knowledge he had of the insurrection,) and the prisoner said the 
business would certainly commence on Saturday night then next ensu- 
ing, if it did not rain hail stones. The prisoner said they intended to 
sieze on some arms deposited at Priddy's Tavern: a negro by name 
Charles, having promised to conduct them to the spot where they were 
kei>t. In a conversation with the prisoner in the corn field, he remarked 
that he had procured as much ammunition as two persons could carry, 
and throwing his arms around Lewis, another n^ro present, said we have 
as much right to fight for our liberty as any men: and that on Saturda}" 
night they would kill the white peo]>le; that they would first kill Mr. 
Prosser and the neighbors, and then proceed to Richmond. 

Thomas Newton informs the Governor that the Fever had entirely 
disappeared from Norfolk. 

That some symptoms of insubordination had appeared among the 
negroes, but no communication seemed to have been held with others up 
the River. Militia need officers and arms. 

Gervas Storrs informs the Governor of the surrender to him of Jack 
Ditcher, a negro man, for whose arrest a reward had been offered of $300, 
charged with conspiracy and Insurrection. 

Asks that the sum of $50 be paid to a free negro named Peter Smith, 
by whose persuasions Jack Ditcher had consented to surrender himself. 
Said Storrs relinquishes all claim to the reward of $300. 

Samuel Templeman informs the Governor of the escape from the jail 
of Westmoreland of two negroes, the property of the late Philip Lee, 
and named Winkey and Dennis, condemned to death. 

John Hoomes informs the Governor that on Wednesday next several 
other negroes are to be tried at this ])lace, and Ben is the only witness 
against them. If the Governor could send him up again it will be well, 
and he may take the Stage in the morning and be here in time. One of 
those to be tried was a General, and another a Colo., we hejir. 

Two of those tryed on Tuesday last were condemned ; one of them a 
lad about 18 years of age, and belongs to Mr. Paul Thilman. He has 
seen some of the Court who sat on his trial, and they are sorry he was 
not recommended to the Governor for mercy. Those Gentlemen, with 
himself, think if it is not improper to reprieve him for a few days, the}* 
will make inquiry of the rest of the Court, and if they should not suc- 
ceed, he may be executed among the Generals and Colonels, for from 
what he hears they have no chance of escape. 

N. B. — Mr. Thilman 's lad is called Scipio, and is to be hung on Wed- 
nesday next. 


At a Court of Oyer and Terminer for Henrico County, held Oct. let ]800. 

at the Court House, negro man slave, the property of Allen Williamson, 
named Peter, was condemned to death on the charge of Insurrection. 
Execution ordered to be made on Friday, the seventeenth day of October, 
1800. The court and examining magistrates in^this case recommend 
the pardon of the prisoner Peter. 

[This paper is indorsed Pardoned. — Ed'r.] 

The application by Philip N. Nicholas, EsqV, to the Court of Oyer and 
Terminer, which tried and condemned a negro man slave named King, 
belonging to the said Nicholas, who was charged before that Court with 
"advising, consulting, plotting, and conspiring to rebel and make an 
insurrection among the slaves against the I^aws and Government of this 
Commonwealth, &c.," to recommend the said "King" to the clemency 
of the Executive, l)eing refused by the said Court, the undersigned mem- 
l>ers of the said court, willing to do whatever with propriety they can do 
to gratify the wish of the said Nicholas, have thought it fit to make the 
following statement of the evidence adduced on the said trial, as well on 
the part of the Comnumwealth as on the part of said "King," to be sub- 
mitted to the Executive. This statement is made with the aid of some 
notes, but principally from recollection, and while they will not pretend 
that every miniUe circunistdnce w (letaUed in it, they feel assured that no 
iiuiterial circuiruftance is omitted, 

Evi/lence on th£ Part of the Comimmwealth. 

Ben. alias Ben Woolfolk, a slave, 1st Witness — That about fixe or six 
weeks before (the time of the witness' examination), on a Sunday morn- 
ing, he, the witness, came to Richmond, and brought with him some 
articles for market. That after the market was over, and after the bell 
had rung for sermon at the Capitol, about 9 or 10 or 12 o'clock, he left 
the market house to return homewards, having procured a bottle of 
spirits. That when he got near to the house of one Vanne he met with 
the prisoner. An indifferent conversation is commenced between them, 
as from the prisoner: "Do you not know me? My name is King, com- 
monly called Governor's King." Answer — " I did not, but I have often 
heard my brother speak of you." Prisoner — " I know your brother very 
well." *" Will you drink a dram with me." Prisoner — "I can't drink it 
without water." That water was procured, and the prisoner drank some 
mixed with spirit from the witness' bottle. There were other negroes 
around or near them. The conversation continued but had not grown 
more interesting, when a young gentleman came up on horseback and, 
after addressing to the prisoner a short but pretty tart rejmmand for his 
not having gone to wait on dinner at Mr. Randolph's, as he had been 
directed, ordered the prisoner to go immediately into the lott. The pris- 




1800. oner in reply muttered some excuse as "that his cloaths were bad," or 
October u|j^, jj^^j j^^^ y^^^ |^jg ^^^^ cloaths," or "he had not fit cloaths to wait at 

Mr. Randolph 's/' and went away before the gentleman, who followed. 
That the witness continued in the same place where he was, again in a 
short time joined by t^ie prisoner. The prisoner spoke contemptuously 
of his master and of the white [)eople. His language and deportment 
encouraged the witness and he asked him, "Are you a true man?" Pris- 
oner — *'I am a true-hearted man; your brother knows me if you do not." 
Witnt^ss — "Can you keep a proper or Impiyrfant secret?" Prisoner — 
"Yes." Witness — "The negroes are about to rise and fight the white 
people for our freedom." Prisoner — "I never was so glad to hear any- 
thing in my life; they ought to have taken that consideration a long time 
ago. I am and will be ready to join them at any moment. I could slay 
the white people like sheep." 

The witness enjoined him to keep it a profound secret, which he 
promised to do; not to mention it to or in the presence of any woman. 
If he knew or should meet with any sound or true-hearted men, he 
might endeavor to enlist such, but he must know them well first; and 
witness did not see or converse with him afterwards. He took the pris- 
oner to be sober, or he should not have told him the secret. 

Mrs. Mary Alartin, 2nd Witness — The prisoner and another negro who 
seemed to be travelling, having a bundle upon his back, came into her 
shop one night in the next week after the time said to have been appointed 
for the rising of the negroes, as the guards were going out or about ; that 
the prisoner addressed himself to her in a surly and abrupt style, "Give 
me a gill of 8j)irits and trust me." Witness — " I trust no body." Pris- 
oner — "You won't trust me?" Witness — " No, I trust no body." Pris- 
oner — " Well give me a gill or 4^ w orth of spirits, and I will pay you for 
it." She drew it and handed it to him; he drank it with his comrade 
the apparent traveller; the latter also called for a gill of spirits which was 
handed to him, and was in like manner drank between them. In the shop 
were otiier negroes who divided the attention of the witness with the 
prisoner and his companion, who were conversing; she understood from 
their conversation that the traveller wiis going to see his wife; the pris- 
oner said he wished he could go to .see his wife; she jisked him why he 
could not go; he answered, "it was too far, and that the white j)eople had 
turned so comical, a man can't go out of his house now but he is taken 
uj) to be hanged." After some other conversation not jmrticularly atten- 
ded to by the witness, the prisoner told his comrade to tell their ac([uain- 
tance where he was going, "We are all alive as yet, looking hard at the 
bacon but can't get at it." " We are doing what we can." " What wt» 
can't do with our guns we will do with our bayonets." " And that (touch- 
ing his forehead with his finger,) no body knows what is here yet." 

She had no bacon in her shop nor had they any that she saw. 


Evidence for the Prisoner. 

Col. Goodall's man, Ist — That on a Sunday he went to the house where 1^00. 
the prisoner lodged about 12 o'clock and found him asleep: endeavored 
to awake him by calling him and lying on and rolling on him: the pris- 
S4)ner at length rose upon his bed and tore his shirt from the bosom almost 
to the tail but did not speak, and then lay down again: he smelt strongly 
of spirits as if he had been drinking, and he left him : that the witness 
has always been moat intimate with the prisoner: would trust him with 
any secret and believes the prisoner's confidence in him was e(iually 
great: the prisoner never did trust him with any important secret: wit- 
ness never heard a syllable of this conspiracy. 

Mr. Nicholas, 2d — That on Sunday, between one and two o^clock, he 
went on foot to where Vanne lives, and there found the prisoner in com- 
l>any with other negroes. Did not recollect to have seen the witness 
Hen. He went in search of the prisoner, whom he had directed to go to 
^fr. Randolph's that day to wait on dinner, intending himself to dine 
there. He did reprimand the prisoner, as relate'd by Ben, and ordered 
him to go immediately to Mr. Randolph's. The i)risoner spoke of want 
of cloaths, or their bad condition. He dej>arted from Vannc^'s* before 
Mr. Nicholas. Mr. N. went to dine with Mr. Randolph ; the prisoner did 
not appear there. When Mr. N. returned home in the evening, on 
enquiry, he was informed the prisoner had been in the lott, made Httle 
stay there, and went away again. Mr. N. recollects to have seen his shirt 
much torn, and thinks it was on that day he observed it. He eamiot 
say certainly the prisoner was drunk; the prisoner was habituated to 
drinking and has always or generally that appearance, insomuch that Mr. 
N. would not be able to distinguish when he was sober or drunk but for 
his l(K}uacity when he is drunk or has been drinking; he then seemed 
disposed to talk much. He thinks it must have been between one and 
two o'clock when he saw and reprimanded the prisoner before witness. 

Given under our hands this 3d day of October, 18(X). 

James McCLUWi, Mavor. 
Geo. Nicholson, Recorder. 
John Barket, 
\Vm. Richardson, 
J. Heron. 

At a court of Oyer and Terminer held for the city of Richmond, at 
the Courthouse, on Thursday, the twenty-fifth day of Sept^nnber, 18(K), for 
the trial of King, a n^ro man slave, the property of Philip N. Nicholas, 
of the said city, charged with conspiracy and insurrection, the said King 
was condemned to be executed on Friday, the 3rd day of October, 1800. 



1800. At a Court of Oyer and Terminer held for the county of Henrico on 

October Wednesday, the first day of October, 1800, for the trial of Billy, a negro 
man slave, the property of Nathaniel C. Lipscomb, of the county of 
Hanover, charged with conspiracy and insurrection, the said Billy was 
convicted and condemned to be executed on Friday, the 17th day of 
October, 18(K). 

The Court, for reasons ap|)earing suflBcient. recommend the said Billy 
to his Excellency and the Council as a proper object of mercy. 

[The paper containing the record of the above trial is endorsed " Par- 
doned.''— Ed.] 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer held for the county of Henrico on 
Monday, the sixtli day of October, 1800, for the trial of Gabriel, a negro 
man slave, the i)roperty of Thomas Henry Prosser, of the said county, 
charged with conspiracy and insurrection, the said Gabriel was convicted 
and condemned to execution on Tuesday, the seventh day of October, 

The Trial of GcJrriel. 

Prosser's Ben — Gabriel was appointed Captain at first consultation 
respecting the Insurrection, and afterwards when he had enlisted a num- 
ber of men was appointed General. ThAt they were to kill Mr. Prosser, 
Mr. Mosby, and all the neighbors, and then proceed to Richmond, where 
they would kill everyl)ody, take the treasury, and divide the money 
amongst the soldiers; after which he would fortify Richmond and pro- 
ceed to discipline his men, as he apprehended force would be raised else- 
where to repel him. That if the white i)eople agreed to their freedom 
they would then hoist a white flag, and he would dine and -drink with 
the merchants of the city on the day when it should be agreed to. 

Gabriel enlisted a number of negroes. The prisoner went with the 
witness to Mr. Young's to see Ben Woolfolk, who was going to Caroline 
to enlist men there. He gave three shillings for himself and three other 
negroes, to be expendeil in recruiting men. 

The prisoner made the handles of the swords, which were made b}' 
Solomon. The prisoner shewed the witness a quantity of bullets, nearly 
peck, which he and Martin had run, and some lead then on hand, and 
he said he had ten pounds of powder which he had purchased. Gabriel 
^aid he had nearly 10,(XX) men; he had 1,000 in Richmond, about 600 
in .Caroline, and nearly 600 at the Coal pits, besides others at difterent 
places, and that he expected the poor white people would also join him, 
and that two Frenchmen had actually joined, whom he said Jack Ditcher 
knew, but whose names he would not mention to tlie witness. That the 
prisoner had enlisted nearly all the negroes in town as he said, and 
amongst them had 400 Horsemen. That in consequence of the bjid 
weather on Saturday night, an agreement was made to meet at the 


Tobacco House of Mr. Prosser the ensuing night. Gabriel said all the isoo. 
n^roes from Petersburg were to join him after he had commenced the October 

Mr. Price's John — He saw the prisoner at a meeting, who gave a gen- 
eral invitation to the negro men to attend at the Spring to drink grog. 
Tliat when there he mentioned the Insurrection, and proposed that all ^ 
present should join them in the same, and meet in 3 weeks for the pur- | 
pose of carrying the same into effect, and enjoined several of the negroes 
then present to use the best of their endeavors in enlisting men, and to 
meet according to the time appointed. 

Ben. Woolfolk — The prisoner was present at the meeting at Mr. 
Young's, who came to get persons to join liim to carry on the war against 
the white people. That after meeting they adjourned to the Spring and 
held a consultation, when it was concluded that in 3 weeks the business 
should commence. Gabriel said he had 12 dozen swords made, and had 
woni out 2 pair of bullet moulds in running bullets, and pulling a third 
pair out of his pocket, observed that was nearly worn out. That Bob 
Cooley and Mr. Tinsley's Jim was to let them into the Capitol to get the 
anns out. That the lower part of the Town towards Rocketts was to be 
fired, which would draw forth the citizens (that part of the town being 
of little value); this would give an opportunity to the negroes to seize 
on the arms and ammunition, and then they would commence the 
attack ui>on them. After the assembling of the negroes near Prosser's, 
and previous to their coming to Richmond, a company was to be sent to 
Gregorie's Tavern to take possession of some arms there deposited. The 
prisoner said, at the time of meeting the witness at Mr. Young's, that he 
had the evening before received six Guns — one of which he had deliv- 
ered to CV)I. Wilkinson's Sam. That he was j>re8ent when Gabriel was 
appointed General and Geo. Smith second in command. That none were 
to' be spared of the whites except Quakers, Methodists, and French peo- 
ple. The prisoner and Gilbert concluded to purchase a piece of silk for 
a flag, on which they would have written "death or Liberty," and they 
would kill all except as before excej)ted, unless they agreed to the free- 
dom of the Blacks, in which case they would at least cutoff one of their 
arms. That the prisoner told the witness that Bob Cooley had told him 
if he would call on him alx)ut a week before the time of the Insurrec- 
tion he would untie the key of the room in which the arms and ammu- 
nition were kept at the Capitol and give it to him, or if he did not come, 
then on the night of the Insurrection being commenced, he would hand 
him arms out as fast as he could arm his men, and that he had on a 
.Sunday previous to this, been shown by Cooley every room in the 


Testimony on Trial of Thihnan's Dick. 

1800. Ben Woolfolk — The witness and others, in company with the prisoner, 

at Mr. Young's communicated the insurrection ; they said they would 
join. On his way to Caroline he fell in with the prisoner at the hridge 
called Littlepage's. He enquired about the business and how they were 
to get arms, which being mentioned, he said he would certainly attend 
at the time and place appointed; that he could and would be at the 
place of rendezvous by 12 o'clock at night. 

Question by the Prisoner — Who were present at the bridge at the time 
of the conversation above mentioned? 

Answer — George, Scipio, Edmund, Thornton, belonging to Mr. Thil- 
man, and Humphrey, belonging to Mr. Garland, all of whom agreed to 
join in the Insurrection and to give their attendance accordingly. 

John Hoomes, George Buckner, David Coleman, John Baylor, Hay 
Battaile, and Reuben Chapman, Justices of the Peace in the county of 
Caroline, who composed a Court for the trial of Scipio, a negro slave, the 
property of Paul Thilman, for conspiracy and insurrection, do recom- 
mend the said Scipio to his Excellency the Governor as an object of 
mercy for the following reasons: The condemned slave is a young lad, 
not above 18 or 19 years of age. He appears to be a very ignorant lad, 
and lived on the same plantation with Mr. Thilman 's maai Thornton, 
who it appears enlisted the said Scipio, and who no doubt drew him into 
the conspiracy. 

[Endorsed "Pardoned, Nov. 8th, 1800."— Ed.] 

Edmund Pendleton^ Jr., to the Governor. 

My son, John Pendleton, shewed me on Wednesday last your letter 
to him requesting that in case the Court of Caroline should condemn any 
of the slaves then for trial, that he would take down in writing the testi- 
mony against them and inclose it to you. This he would with pleasure 
have done had time from the duties of his office in Court permitted him. 

Presuming that it might be as satisfactory from ray hands as his, I took 
down in rough the testimony given upon the trials of the three con- 
demned slaves, which I have this day put fairly upon paper and send 

vou herein. 

I am, ike. 

Commonwealth vs. Jack, alias Jack Gabriel, a negro slave — For con- 

The trial of this slave came on at Caroline Court on Wednesday, the 
29th dav of October, 1800. 

Ben alias Ben Woolfolk, sworn, said: That he saw Jack Gabriel at a 
preaching near Littlepage's Bridge, in the county of Caroline, on the Sun- 


day fortnight preceding the night when the rendezvous of the black isoo. 
people was to take place at the Brook Bridge; that after the preaching October 
was over, Jack C4abriel, with other negroes, came to a spring a^small dis- 
tance from the place of preaching, where he (Ben) and Thornton, 
belonging to Paul Thilman, had provided some liquor to treat their men. 
That he there informed them of the time and place of meeting, and that 
arms and ammunition would be ready for them. That Gabriel then 
said he was to be captain of a company, that he had enlisted several men 
and would come with them at the time appointed, if he was able to 
travel; if not, he would send his men by John Fells (a negro slave be- 
longing to Mr. Carter), who was to be a Colonel upon that occasion. 

Primus, a slave belonging to Mr. Overton, sworn, said: That he was 
at the preaching spoken of by Ben, where he saw Jack Gabriel, Thorn- 
ton, and Ben. That as soon as the preaching was over he left the place. 
Knew not of an}' persons engaging directly or indirectly to join in the 
conspirac}'. That he also saw Edmund, belonging to Paul VVoolfolk, at 
the preaching. 

The Court were unanimously of opinion that Jack Gabriel was guilty 
and pronounced sentence of death against him, and to be hanged on the 
second Friday in November next. 

The Commonwealth vs. John alias John Fells, a negro slave — For Con- 

The trial of this slave belonging to Charles Carter (of Shirley,) came 
on before Caroline Court on Thursday the 30th day of October, 1800. 

Ben alias Ben Woolfolk, sworn, said : That the said John Fells was at 
a preaching near Littlepage's Bridge in the County of Caroline, on the 
Sunday fortnight preceding the night when the rendezvous of the black 
people was to take place at the Brook Bridge. That after the preaching 
was over, John Fells came with other slaves to a spring a small distance 
from the place of preaching, where he Ben informed Fells of the time 
and place of meeting, and that arms would be provided for them. That 
Fells replied he was to act as a Colonel, and that if his men would not 
come with him, that he had enlisted, he would get a horse and ride down 

Edmund, a negro slave belonging to Paul Woolfolk, sworn said: That 
he saw the said Fells at the time and place of preaching stated in Ben's 
testimony, where he also saw Ben. That he is well acquainted with Fells. 
That after the j»reaching ended, he standing some distance from the spring, 
there saw Fells in com[)any with Ben and others, and immediately left 
the j>lace: does not know Or ever heard of any n^roes undertaking or 
engaging to join in the intended insurrection. 

The Court was unanimously of opinion that John Fellis was guilty, 
and fixed his execution to take place on the second Friday in November 




Commonwealth vs. Thornton, a negro slave — For Conspiracy. 

The trial of this slave belonging to Paul Thihnan, came on before Caro- 
line C/Ourt on Thursday the 80th day of October, 1800. 

Ben alias Ben Woolfolk, sworn as a witness said: That in the morning 
of the day that the preaching was to take place at Littlepage's Bridge in 
the County of Caroline, he stopped at Hanover Court-House, where he 
saw Thornton who told him that if he would wait a little time he would 
accompany him: that they shortly set out together from thence, and on 
the way he informed Thornton of the time they were to meet at the 
Brook to kill the white people; who replied he was damned glad to hear 
it was to take ])lace so soon: that it being too early for the i>reaching to 
conmience, he proj)08ed to Thornton to go to Ellis's Tavern and buy some 
liquor to treat their men with that day which he agreed to, and they 
accordingly went where he (Ben) bought some spirits, and Thornton 
lK)Ught some sugar at (Oliver's Store near the Tavern: from whence they 
went in company with Edmund, l>elonging to Paul Woolfolk, to the place 
of ])reaching near the Bridge: that when the j>reaching was over, Thorn- 
ton with other slavas, came to the spring and there said he would be sure 
to bring his men at the appointed time: that he was a General, and was 
to go under the name or title of Colo. Taylor u[)on this occasion, and 
would make his men obey him. That on Monday morning being next 
day as he was ])assing the shop at Hanover Court-House where Thornton 
worked as a blacksmith; he went in and Thoanton there said, that they 
need not provide arms for his men, for he would do that himself, and 
pointed to some scythe blades then in the shop, which he said he would 
make to answer the purpose: that Ben then told him they were at a loss 
how to make cartridges; Uj)on which Thornton immediately made one 
and gave it him as a sample: when he left the shop and knows no more 

of Thorntxm. 

Edmund, a slave belonging to Paul Woolfolk, sworn as a witness said: 

Ben and Thornton came to his Master's together on the Sunday of the 

preaching; that he went with them to Ellis' Tavern, where they bought 

liquor, and from thence went to the preaching at the Bridge: that when 

the prea<ihing ended, he stepj)ed to the top of the hill, from whence he 

saw Fells and Thornton with other slaves at the Spring where Ben was, 

but that he immediately left the place and went direct to Mr. Taylor's 

plantati<»n and knows nothing more. 

The Court wore unaniniously of o|)inion that Thornton wjis guilty, 

jjassod sentence of death on him to be executed on the second Friday in 

November next. 

Will {(tin }f(hshu (rlrcs lafdrmntUm to thr (rorrrnnr of InieDdnJ In^nrreHioii. 

Nov. 10, On Saturday, the 80th of August last, about 10 or 11 o'clock, I received 

Henrico information from Mr. Mosby Sheppard, in Richmond, tliat the n^roes 


that night intended to rise, kill and destroy the white people, and that -^ ] 1800. 
their place of rendezvous was on the Brook near Mr. Thos. H. Prosser's, jjg^*,.i^ 
and that Mr. Prosser, Mr. Johnston, and myself were the first that were / 
to fall a sacrifice; that they were then to move on to Richmond. I 
asked him how he came by his information. He answered that he had 
received it from a negro immediately from the country, who had come^ 
down that morning for the express purpose; that he was agitated in suchi 
a manner when telling him that he was induced to believe it was true. 
I confess that I was very much alarmed, and communicated the news to 
Capt. Austin, who promised to go on the Brook that night with his troop 
«)f horse, in order to meet Mr. Dabney Williamson and myself with what 
men we could raise, but there came on the greatest rain perhaps ever 
known, which prevented our junction; however, Capt. Gregory, myself, 
and some others, who had met at Mr. Priddy's Tavern for the purpose of 
jiatrol as far as Mr. Prosser's, and from there to the Brook, but made no 
discovery. We then returned to the Tavern again, where I stayed per- 
haps till 8 or 9 o'clock next morning. I then went home, and, being 
very much fatigued, soon laid down. I had not been on the bed but a 
very little while before a negro woman of my own came to me, and the 
first word she spoke was " You must not tell." She then asked me if I 
had heard that the negroes were going to rise. I told her I had. I then 
asked her where thev were to meet. She said somewhere about Mr. 
Prosser's, and as they did not meet last night they would meet to-night. 
I a^'^ked her how manv she understood were to meet. She answered 8(X) 
or 4(M), some from town and some from the country, and that a number 
of them were to be mounted on horseback, who were to go at a distance 
and kill and destroy all as they went — to take them, as I understood 
her, in their beds — and that the main body was to move on to Richmond. 
This, sir, is the infonnation I received at the beginning of the alarm, 
delivered, as near as can be recollected, in the words in which I 

received it. 

I am, (fee. 

[Note. — The above letter seems to have been written by request of the 
Governor for the puri)Ose of being used in the preparation of his message 
of the oth of December, 1800, as recorded in the letter Book of that 
date. — Ed.] 

John Iloomes Ask^ Rrimhursemfnt for Guarding Negroes. . 

Asking how he is to be reimbursed for his outlay for the expenses Nov. 11, 

attending negroes in the Jail of Caroline committed for insurrection, and fowling 

the guard in attendance, which he has been providing for since their 




The Triul of Ned, tlie Property of WUliam Young. 

1800. Ben, the property of Thomas H. Prosser, deposes: That the prisoner 

November ^^^g qj^q ^f ^j^^ conspirators; that he was a soldier under Ben Woolfolk; 

he contributed sixpence for the purpose of purchasing liquor to be treated 

with by Ben Woolfolk, in order to enlist men to fight the white people. 


A. Blair, C. C. 

Henrico, November 22d, 1800. 

The underwritten, who sat on the trial of Ned, the property of Wm. 
Young, have since his trial and condemnation made inquiry into the 
character of said negro from the jailors and others, the result whereof is 
that he is a negm of very weak mind, and it is also stated that he was 
intoxicated at the time he enlisted. We further believe that had those 
circumstances appeared to the Court at the time of his trial, that he 
would have been recommended to the Executive as an object of mercy. 

Miles Selden, 
Bowler Cocke, 
Geo. Williamson, 
j. younghusband. 

The Trial of IsauCy the Property of James Alien, 

Prosser's Ben Deposes: That the prisoner came to the shop and asked 
Solomon if he had cut the scythe blades to fight with, and at what time 
it would be that the Insurrection would commence; that if it was not 
soon he would go off, as he was determined not to serve a white man 
another year. Solomon asked the prisoner if he had a Scythe Blade, 
who replied he had not, and that Solomon must find one for him, which 
he promised to do, and Solomon shewed the prisoner the handles which 
he had for the Swords. 

The Trial of Laddh, the Property of John Williamson. 

Prosser's Ben Deposes: That he overtook the prisoner near Mr. Van- 
net's. Gabriel, who was then enlisting a negro, proposed that this Depo- 
nent should endeavour to enlist the prisoner for him; in consecpience of 
which he made proposals to the prisoner to join, which he agreed to. 
That afterwards Gabriel asked the prisoner to enlist with him to fight 
the white people, to which he readily consented; this was previous to 
the meeting at Mr. Young's spring. Gabriel was to supply him with 
arms The prisoner asked the witness where they were to get ammuni- 
tion, who referred him to Gabriel. 

Mrs. Price's John Deposes: That he saw the prisoner at Mr. Young's 


Spring. The prisoner agreed to join Gabriel to fight the white people. 1800. 
Gabriel pro|)osed that all who would join him should stand up, and November 
tlioae who would not to set down. The prisoner was amongst the sUinders 
up. He said he would join Gabriel and stand by him 'til the la^t, and 
appointed a day for meeting to consult further upon the business. 

Thr Trial of Ben alias Ben Woolfolhy Belonginy to P. Grayhani, 

Mrs. Price's John Deposes: That about four weeks ago he saw the 
prisoner at Mr. Young's Spring. He enlisted with Gabriel to fight the 
white people, and promised to meet in three weeks, or thereabouts, for 
that purpose. Gabriel observed, we must slay them as we go; he, the 
prisoner, said he would do so. He was to have the title and command 
of Captain. 

Prosser's Ben deposes: That he went with Gabriel on a Friday night 
to Mr. Young's to see Ben Woolfolk whom they found in bed: that he 
was waked by Sawney and got up. Gabriel gave him money to buy 
liquor to treat with in Caroline, whither he was shortly going to induce 
negroes in Caroline to enlist; he expected that he had already six hun- 
dred enlisted: he also told Gabriel that he had then six scythe blades in 
his room, which were to be made into swords by Gabriel, and was about 
to bring them out, which was prevented by its being inconvenient to Gab- 
riel to carry them with him. That day fortnight, Ben Woolfolk was to 
meet about midnight at Prosser's Tavern, as he expected he could arrive 
there by that time with his men from Caroline. Gabriel said they would 
slay the white males from the cradle upwards, but the females of all ages 
were to be s])ared. The prisoner very readily agreed that this was the 
onlv wav. (Condemned and full confession made.) 

The County Court of Henrico, tried and condemned a negro man 
named Ned, the property of William Young, for the crime of conspiracy 
and insurrection, and ordered his execution on Friday the nineteenth day 
of September, 1800, 

The County C<jurt of Henrico on Monday, the first day of December, 
1800, tried and condemned a negro man named M^att, the property of 
Thomas H. Prosser, of said county, on the charge of conspiracy and 
insurrection, and ordered the execution of the said Watt on the second 
Friday in December, 1800. 

Testimony on the Trial of Watt. 

Ben, a negro man slave, the property of Thos. H. Prosser, introduced 
as a witness on the part of the Commonwealth against Watt, a negro man 
slave, the property of the said Prosser, charged with conspiracy and 
insurrection, who, being charged, sworn, and examined agreeable to law, 
depijsed: That the prisoner applied to him for information about the 


1800. intended insurrection of the negroes, who replied that he knew nothing 
November ^bout it. The prisoner insisted that he should communicate the plan to 
him, for he knew that the witness was not uninformed, being so frequently 
in the company of Gabriel, with whom the said plan was said to origin- 
ate. The witness still denied having any knowledge of it, and told him 
he had better make his application to Gabriel for the s(3Ught for informa- 
tion. He replied (as the witness knows to have been the case at tliat 
period) that there existed an enmity between himself and Gabriel, and- 
that he should with reluctance apply to him. In a conversation between 
the prisoner and witness at a subsequent time, the prisoner told him he 
had made inquiry of Gabriel, who gave him full information, and that 
Gabriel had received him as one of his men upon his promise to raise 
about fifteen or sixteen men to fight the white people; that he would 
easily have that number; that he had several sons up the country that 
he knew would readily engage; besides that, he could at any rate raise 
the number of men required of him in Goochland county; that he had 
already furnished Gabriel with one pound of Gunpowder and two pounds 
of Lead. To the certain knowledge of the witness, the prisoner set ofi' 
the Friday evening preceding the Saturday night appointed for effecting 
the plan to the county of Goochland, for the express purpose of raising 
his men, mentioned above. That at the time the plot was discovered by 
the white people, he had not returned, and has ever since kept out until 
taken. And further he, the deponent, saith not. 
Taken down by Geo. Dunlevy, D. C. H. C. 

Thomas White to the Governor. 

Dec. 3 Some time in the month of August two negroes were apprehended 

upon suspicion of murder, and upon their Examination before me, each 
of them appeared guilty; that I thought it ex[>edientto commit them to 
the Jail of Hanover for further trial. One of them, by the name of 
Julius, was acquitted, although the circumstances appeared stronger 
against him than Liberty. Upon the liberation of the former, the Court 
introduced him as a witness, and from his testimony alone condemned 
the latter, who is at this time under sentence of death. 

Under these circumstances, I have taken the liberty of addressing your 
Excellency, praying that a reprieve may be granted the said slave, l>eing 
well assured that at all times your Excellency would prefer lenity in 
criminal cases to vigorous measures, more especially when the criminal 
could not be condemned independent of the testimony that was thus 
adduced against him. 

I have, &c. 



Benj. Duvnll Infariihs the Governor of NeceHa'dy of Patrol, 

If there ever was a necessity for a patrol in this city there is certainly 
a necessity at this time. 

In walking slowly along one of the cross streets just now, I heard a 
parcel of negroes talking, and hearing Norfolk, cowards, &c., 1 passed 
them, and then walked easily back to hear the subject of their discourse, 
and got near enough to hear them speak of the late alarm in Norfolk, 
and one obser\'ed that the business only required a beginning, and that 
there never was, or would be, a better time than the present; and cow- 
ards and liberty was several times expressed, conjoined with other words 

that I could not distinctly hear. 

I am, &c. 

Win. Au^stiii Inform.^ the Gorernor of Compliance with InHtrnetlons. 

In conformity to your instructions of last evening I ciilled out a patrol 

of seven men from the Richmond ('avalry. I attended them, and found 

the citizens of this place and neighborhood very quiet. Is it your wish 

that a patrol be ordered out this evening? If it is, please inform me. 

that arrangements may be made before night, as it will probably be a 

wet evening. 

I have, (fee. 

Thos. Newton transmits alarming accounts of Insurrection to the Gov- 
ernor as follows : 

<-)n my way down from Richmond I received the most alarming ac- 
counts of an Insurrection at this place, which were told me in such a 
manner that I had reason to disbelieve them, and had only time, the 
boat setting off, to drop a line to Mr. Heron on the subject. On my 
arrival liere I found the inhabitants had been alarmed bv some seditious 
speeches, but I cannot find out the persons who made them. 

The Inhabitants turned out with the greatest alarcity, but they have 
not arms, and are on that account only equal to the slaves except in 
numbers, which I believe far exceeds the blacks. We have always a 
great number of strangers here, and Seamen besides, who turn out well. 
As I l»efore wrote you, our Militia are much deranged for want of offi- 
cers, and very few inclined to accei)t of any. 

In a few days I shall be up, and will wait on your Excellency and 
give every information in my power. 

A vessel is arrived from London with accounts to 16th of NovV. The 

newspapers there speak more favorably of the Treaty with Fmnce than 

we are led to believe here from Congress. We have it at large, but have 

not yet seen it. This ship, I have heard, brought intelligence that the 

Congress is removed from Lunenville to Paris, and that the British was 

not to send ambassadors there. 

I am. <&c. 

Dec. 25, 

Dec. 27, 

Dec. 29, 


Dec. 31 


The following Slaves were tried and sentenced to death in Henrico 
court and Richmond Hustings Court: 

Their valuation, is fixed by the court, as follows: 
Jack alias Jac»,k Ditcher, belonging to the Estate of VV^illiam Bow- 
ler, dec'd, $4(X) 

Lewis To Dabney Williamson, £110 

Watt " Thomas Prosser, £ 45 

King " Philip N. Nicholas, £ 80 

Adam Craig, C. C. 

iSept 18, 

Adam Craig to Philip Norborne Nicholas. 

Has been sick, and as his clerks, James Blagrove and Andrew Steven- 
Richmond jjQj^^ have been on guard for two da}^?, his deputy, George Dunlevy, has 
been unable to attend to the duties of his clerkships, viz: Henric43 Court, 
Hustings Court, and Common Hall of Richmond. Much business is 
pressing, and in particular numbers of free negroes and mullattoes have 
been applying for their registers, without which they are liable to impris- 
onment. Recjuests Mr. Nicholas to obtain for his clerks temporary 
exemption from guard duty. 

Advice Respecting Swan's Arms. 

Sept. 15 It is advised that the arms now offered by Mr. Swan's agent as per 

sample in the C. Chamber, will be examined on the following conditions 
only : The arms to be hereafter produced are not to be inferior to the said 
sample, of which the Executive reserve to themselves the judgment. 
That the arms shall undergo the Proof of Double Charge, which shall be 
at the expense of Mr. Swan, the Powder and Ball only excepted. That 
the Duties, freight, ttc, on arms shall be paid by Mr. Swan, and that 
they be delivered at the Penitentiary. That only such arms as are not 
broken and shall stand ])roof, will be considered as j)urchased. That six 
dollars be given for such as shall come under the above description. 

Sept 22, .James Allan, quarantine officer, infonns the Governor that the crews 
^'^^bure^'^^ of all vessels in port are heahhy. 

Sept. 22, George Nicolson informs the Governor that it is im}>ossible to obtain 
Ricbmond ^ physician on vessels at the (juarantine ground at Jordan's Point, and 
that provisions and fresh water are hard to obtain. Suggests that vessels 
be allowed to come to the Richmond Quarantine station. 


Watte Parker writes to the Governor acknowledging receipt of com- isoo. 
mission as quarantine officer at Port Royal. ^^^' "^ 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I have received your letter of the 23d inst, directing me to receive the Sept. 25 
arms now in the hands of the Militia, which were delivered out on the 
late occasion, and replace them with the arms destined for the several 
frontier counties mentioned in your letter, and then pn)ceed to distribute 
them according to instructions heretofore received. This shall be done 
as soon ab* circumstimces will i>ermit — also to have the external plank 
wall completed without delay; for the security of the prisoners in tlie 
jail; the workmen are now employed in erecting it and I hope will com- 
pleate it in a few days, I must here inform you that immediately after 
being instructed to have this plank enclosure made, I applied to the dif- 
ferent furnishers of timber in the neighborhood of Richmond to supply 
the requisite timber for the purpose, none of them would consent to fur- 
nish it. I then wrote several letters to Mr. Jessie Payne, who resides 
fifteen miles from hence, who was the only person 1 had an}' hopes of 
getting the timber off; after a lapse of several days, Mr. Payne came and 
engaged to furnish it. He was prevented by sickness from supplying 
it until about four weeks ago. William C'allis a carpenter had long before 
been engaged to build the plank wall as soon as the materials were brought 
in place, but when the timbers were furnished, Mr. Callis had no work- 
men to assist him in the erection of the enclosure, I then tried through- 
out the town to get a worknian with a sufficient number of hands to 
execute the work immediately, but the militia of this and neighborhood 
being called into service, 1 could get but one carpenter, a Mr. Duke, with 
a few hands who with \Vm. Callis and his workmen, are now building the 
wall ; this has been the cause of the delav of that work. 

You likewise desire me to report the state of the Penitentiary Building 
and the Public Manufactory of Anns; also how far the several contractors 
who are concerned in the business have complied with their contracts. 

The walls of the upper story of the Semi-circular part of the Peniten- 
tiary Building are about one-third built, six bricklayers are employed in 
erecting these walls, which I hope and expect will be ready to receive the 
circular roof in the course of five or six weeks. The brick work of this 
building would have been much more forward at this time, hail it not 
been for the circumstance which I shall here relate, viz: The contract 
which Harvie & Winston entered into with the Executive to furnish the 
requisite quantity of bricks and Hme for com pleating the walls of the 
buildings, as estimated by the former Superintendent, was complied with 
in the autumn of last year. The quantity of Bricks and Lime fell far 


1800. Hhort of what was necessary for eompleating the building, as will appear 
wept. 25 i^y g^ reference to the rejiort on the state of this building which I gave to 
Governor Wood a few days previous to the commencement of the last ses- 
sion of the State Legislature, in which I stated the number of Bricks and 
quantity of Lime requisite for completing the building of that building. 
I was then directed by the Executive to advertise in the new8pai)er8 of 
this city that proj)Osals would be received for furnishing the Bricks and 
Lime. The time for receiving these proposals was postponed in obedience 
to an order of the Executive directing me to continue my advertisement, 
which was d(»ne, and no proposals were accepted by the Executive until 
the month of February or March in the present year, 18(K), when the 
proposal of Col. John Harvie was closed with by the Executive for fur- 
nishing the necessary Bricks and Lime. So that no preparations for 
making the bricks were made last fall, as it was not then known who 
would be employed to make them, and the public brick yard for that 
building was occupied by Harvie & Winston until the end of the season 
last year. Owing to this circumstance, we had but a few bricks which 
were not worked into the walls last season to recommence the walls with 
in the spring of the present year, so that but few workmen could be 
employed on the walls for want of bricks and lime. Since these mate- 
rials have been furnished in sufficient quantity under the new contract 
(which has not been the case until a few weeks ago), I have frequently 
requested Mr. Martin Mims, the undertaker of the brick work, to augment 
the number of bricklayers, who says that he has employed all that he 
could procure. I have searched the town several times for bricklayers 
and have only been able to add one to Mr. Minis' company, and am well 
aware of the difficulty of procuring such workmen in Richmond or its 
vicinity. The workmen of Mr. Anderson Barret, undertaker of the car- 
uenter work of this building, have been employed, since getting through 
the work of th^ east wing, in putting up the door and window frames of 
the west wing, and laying the floors of the area of that wing, which is 
designed for an infirmary. They are now engaged in laying the floors, 
hanging the doors, and ceiling the walls of the cells of the circular part, 
of the building with oak plank, the roof for which is ready to be erected 
as soon as the walls are ready to receive it, and the sheeting plank and 
shingles are prepared to cover it. I have often called on Mr. Barret to 
employ a greater number of workmen on the building. He has made a 
small addition, and promises to increase the number of the worknren if 
possible, but I l)elieve it to be a difficult matter to engage carpenters in 
this city at this time. 

The blacksmiths engagad on the iron work of the Penitentiary, have 
finished the grates for the windows and tops of the doors of the several 
apartments of the building, excepting the grates for lower part of the 
Keei)er'8 house and those for the arches which are to be erected on the 


principal front, they have also made the lightning rods and are now em- isoo. 
ployed in securing ihe windows of both the wings (which have wooden P^* ^^ 

frames), with }>ars of iron, and in punching rivet holes through the sheet 
Iron, and riveting the doors tc^ether and making hinges for them. 

The painting work undertaken bj Mr. Charles Cox has made but a 
small progress. The cornice already erected and some of the doors and 
interior work of the east wing only being painted. I have often applied 
to Mr. Cox to go on with the painting work without effect 

I suppose the east wing, which is now wholly given up for the con- 
finement of the Penitentiary criminals, will afford accommodation for at 
least fifty more than are at present confined therein, and the cells in the 
circular part are in considerable forwardness. 

The buildings of the public manufactory of arms has not progressed 
agreeably to my most ardent wishes, owing to circumstances which are 
obvious to every person who has paid attention to the prepress of that 
work from its commencement, which all depended on the foundations on 
which the buildings were to be erected. It will appear by referring to 
the contract between the Executive and Moses Bates (the only person 
engaged in that business), who undertook the clearing out of said foun- 
dations, that he was obligated by contract to keep only fifteen labourers 
employed in that business, which was certainly a number too small for 
the magnitude of that work ; and it is well known that the walls were 
commenced as soon as foundations was read}' on which to commence 
them ; it is also well known that almost any building in which machinery 
to work by water is erected requires infinitely more digging than com- 
mon building. -• 

These works occupy a considerable space of ground. In several parte 
of the building, niachinerv to work by water is to be erected, and in order 
to use the same water three times in its descent from the Canal to the 
River (which will save a considerable annual expense in the price of the 
water), the foundations where these water-works are to be erected, must 
y*e dug deep enough to avail ourselves of all the fall of water of which 
the situation will admit, and although in proportion to the extent of the 
works no more digging is required for these foundations than the foun- 
dations of double-geared mills in general, yet it is a great work to be 
accomplished by fifteen hands in a short space of time. For want of 
the foundations, the stone work was not commenced this year imtill a 
considerable part of the season had elapsed, and the brick walls which 
were to be erected on the stone work could not be begun untill the stone 
work u|K)n which they depended was finished. Had we not been obliged 
to wait for foundations nor the stone work tediously carriefi on by the 
undertakers of that work, I doubt not but all tlie walls of the Manufac- 
tury of Arms would be finished in the present year. The want of foun- 
dations has also retarded the progress of the Carpenters' work of the 



1800. buildings, which could not be erected for want of the walls to which it 
Sept. 25 jy ^ [^Q attached. It has not been for want of material or workmen in 
either brick or wood that these works are not in more forwardness than 
they are at present, but owing to the want of foundations on which to 
build, although Bates has kept the number of hands employed agreeably 
to his contract. 

The walls of the two wings are in considerable forwardness, and will 
be roofed as soon as the walls are finished, and if the cold weather does 
not commence earlier this fall than usual, I hope the principal front as 
well as the wings will be built and covered in, in the course of the pres- 
ent season. The machinery to work by water is in greater forwardness 
tlian the work in any of the other branches, but the houses in which it 
is to be erected are not ready to receive it. 

I am, &c. 

Elisha C. Dick to the Governor. 

Sept. 26, The health of the town is improving. Thinks there is great danger to 
Alexandria ^^e town in the great number of free negroes who live there, most of 
whom have come from Maryland. He has long considered the abolition 
societies as tending to produce at some period, the most serious calama- 
ties to the people of the Southern States, and it appears to him now, that 
immediate legislative measures have become necessary to restrain if not 
entirely suppress the schools supported by them. While these schools 
are constantly inculcating natural equality among the blacks of every 
description, they are teaching them with great assiduity the only means 
by which they can at any time be enabled to concert and execute a plan 
of general insurrection. 


Sept. 29, The militia ordered as a reinforcement to the Garrison are in a favor- 
PomtofFork ^y^^^ state of training, and discharge their duty with great alacrity and 
attention. About $400 needed to purchase clothes for the guard, if they 
are to be re-enlisted. 

Charles Yancey to the Governor. 

Oct. 1, Recommending John Pittman as a Commissioner to conduct the Elec- 

uc ing am ^^^^ -^^ ^j^^ room of VVm. I. Lewis, who is a non-resident of the county. 


A Quarterly Report Jrmii t/te Arsenal of Ordnaiur, Armn, and Military 

Stores, October 1st, 1800. 

1 16-inch bras8 mortar; 1 hrass field-piece of 6 pounds; 7,175 muskets 1800. 

in good reimir; 730 muskets with unground bayonets; 900 artillery and 

grenailier swords; 40 pigs of lead; 180 canister shot; 260 cannon shot; 

.*]<> rhearas of cartridge paper; 18 barrels of flint**; 1,650 pounds of ball 

and buckshot 

R. QUARLES, Sup't. 

W. J. Lewis to the Governor. 

Returning commission as Commissioner of Election for Buckingham O^t. 1, 
on account of removal from that county, and recommending in his riH>m Coi^u^ 
Hobt. Moseley, .Jr. 

John Clarke and George Williamson to the Governor. 

In compliance with vour request that we should examine the arms Oct. 2, 
fon>arded by Mr. Swan as a sample, and report to you our opinion of *^-"n>o°<* 
their value, and state such defects as we may discover them to have, and 
the expense which in our opinion would be incurred in rendering them 
fit to place in the hands of the militia when called into actual .service, we 
report as follows, viz: That we have made examination of the sample of 
arms lately forwarded by Mr. Swan, and also of the arms lately deposited 
in the Penitentiary by Mr. Swan's agents, and are of opinion that the 
intrinsic value of said arms is five dollars and seventy-five cents per 
stand, exclusive of the cartridge boxes. 

We discover in the said arms the following defects : The barrels are 
crooked and clumsily made, and are consequently heavier than necessary. 
The stocks are of a tender wood, and the workmanship badly executed. 
The mounting, tho' tolerably well executed, is rough and badly fitted to 
the stock. The locks are defective in their construction and in the exe- 
cution of the workmanship, and are not well fitted into the stock. The 
screws of the several component parts are uncommonly indifferent. The 
bayonets are defective in point of form, and not having their swkets 
bored in the usual way, are not well fitted to the muzzle of the barrels. 
As these arms appear to be improperly ctmstructed in some of their sev- 
eral part^, and the workmanship badly executed in every j)art excepting 
the ramrods, we do not conceive it possible that a perfect musket can Iw 
made of those defective parts; but as these arms appear to be of the 
same (piality and in the same condition of the four thousand stand here- 
tofore furnished by Mr. Swan, we 8up|>ose that the expense attending 
their being rendered as Jit to place in the hands of the Militia as the 



iJj^X former 4»0i1ll required, will be incurred, or perhape^ not so much, as the 
Ridbiiiond ^^'^ ^J^^ were taken to pieoe:^ first, to be pioren^ and, secondly, to be 

Altho* the above is our opinion o( the intrinsic value of the anus, yet 
if we should give an opinion as to the price which in our judgment ought 
now to be ^veu for them, when we take into consideration the anxietv 
of the Executive that the law authorizing them to procure a supply for 
this ComuKHiweahh should b^ carried into effect, and the defenceless 
state of iHir cvnintrx' k>T want of arms, and the difficulty of obtaining an 
abundant supply in any shv^ ()ertod^ which difficulty might be greatly 
increased by a rupture between our ixHmtry aiKl any foreign State, we do 
not hesitate to say that in our opuiioQ a price coosidefably above the 
intrinsic value of the arms ought to be given lor them. 

We are. sir. with respect, yoar. ^Ice. 

John Shis to tkk GoTsmxoa. 

Oct. 2^ Enclosing bill of lading for four chests of anxu$ shipped oo sloop Little 

Ptii^^i:- Jim. Robert Robinson mat^ter, to Samuel Cotemao^ Richmond, 

Oct. -^ 


The office of a Notary PuWic being vaA.*ated by the electii>Q oi Mr. 

Thos. Newton^ Jr.. to a seat in CoDgres9> I have been indixeed to offer my 


I am, «kc. 


Oct 4 Relatiug to 47 stand of anus shipped to York for the oae of his Regi- 

meut, not received. 

JottN Clark to thk GuvBBaMoa. 

Oct «. Informing him o( the necessity of pn>curing more brick for the Armory 

RicbiuouU y^^j provided for iu the tirst cootract, and enclosing the proposition of 
John Harvie to furnish all that sliould be needed. 


Oct 6 Asking for balance due him for furnishing troops stationed at Ptidy's^ 

amounting to i:36A»i^. 


James McCluro to the Governor. 

There being no watch at present in tlie pay of the city, I have no 1800^ 
authority to order any out, and the Patrolls are, I believe, entirely under 
military direction. I can only, in obedience to your wish, solicit the 
coiuiuanders of the volunteer corps to furnish such a Patnjll as you 
deem necessary, which I shall certainly do this night; and I must apply 
to the Common Hall to-morrow to enable me to comply with your re- 
quest by establishing a watch. 

I am, &c. 

L. W. Tazewell to the Governor. 

Recommending Mr. Marsh for appointment in Norfolk as a Notary Oct. 7, 

Public. Williams- 


Watts Parker to the Governor. 

Relating to the Quarantine at Port Royall and the danger to be appre- Oct. 7, 
hended from Baltimore vessels. ^^'^ ^^^^ 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Enclosing Geo. Williamson's proposals for repairing the old arms at Oct. 7 
the Penitentiary. 

M.4T. Cheatham to the Governor. 

Relating to the removal of the arms from Manchester to the Peniten- Oct. 8, 
tiary, by which the guard at Manchester may be discharged. Manchester 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I have received 3n)ur letter of this date requesting the loan of arms Oct. 9, 
re<|ue8ted by ('olo. Mayo, for the parade of his Reg't the day after to-mor- Richmond 

It would give me pleasure if that gentleman could be accomodated, 
without materially interfereing with the arrangement made for the dis- 
tribution of the public arms to their respective Regiments for which they 
are destined ; but as the arms (except those which are yet in the hands 
of the militia and citizens of this city,) are arranged and packed up in 



1800. boxes ready to be conveyed from hence, it will be impossible to furnish 
Ri^mond ^ Regiment with arms, without opening the boxes in which they are 
packed, which would derange the present plan for their distribution. 

I am, <&c., 

Oct. 11, 

Wm. Morgan to the Governor. 

There is only one vessel at this port at present that is i>erforming 
Quarantine — Schooner Rising Sun, Capt. I^wis King. The crew are all 
well. From the change in the weather I hope that in a few days that 
the fever at Norfolk will entirely subside, and hope so soon as you have 
information thereof, you will be pleased to make it known to me. This 
town has not materially suffered in this respect. The vessels bound up 
this river has been compelled to perform Quarantine, but there is a num- 
ber of crafts that belong to persons below here that have constantly 
traded to Norfolk, and have kept out of the reach of law; by which 
the merchants below here have been regularly supplied from Norfolk, 
and have considerably injured the trade of this place. 

Oct. 13, 



Asking that Drafts for the payment of arms made by him be made 
payable in Philadelphia. 

Informing him that alterations to be made in the Bayonets suggested 
by him could not be made in those already manufactured but could be 
in the next lot. 

Watts Parker to the Governor. 

Oct. 14, Relating to violation of orders by Capt. Hunter of the Schopner Eagle, 

Port Royall jj^ taking his vessel up the Rappahannock when ordered to observe 

Oct. 16, 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I have been attending at the Penitentiary since Monday morning last 
to receive the public arms from the militia of this city, a considerable 
portion of which have not yet been offered for delivery, owing, I believe, 
to the inattention of the men to the orders of their officers. Some 
entire comj)anie8 have not yet delivered a single stand. To those officers 
who have delivered arms drawn on the late occasion, I have delivered as 
many other arms as they required for their companies (from those 



destined for the several frontier counties mentioned in your memoran- 
dum to me), for which I have taken their receipts resi)ectively. As there 
are now received a considerable number of the public arms from the 
militia, which are generally in bad order and require as much cleaning 
as they did when they were stamped, and conceiving it proper to com- 
mence the necessary preparations for their distribution, notwithstanding 
the whole are not yet returned, I applied to Mr. Geo. Williamson for the 
lowest terms upon which he would undertake to assort, clean, and box 
them in order to be sent to their destination. He informs me that he 
will not undertake that business for less than one shilling per stand. At? 
this was the price at which he lately executed the same work, with the 
addition of stamping, I conceive it to be a price which ought not now to 
be given, the stamping being already done. I shall endeavor to get 
some other person to execute this work on better terms. I am anxious 
that Mr. Williamson should proceed with the Iron work for the manu- 
factory of arms without interruption if possible. If you should think 
proper to send them to the Arsenal at the Point of Fork to have them 
prepared for distribution please to inform me thereof. Mr. Wight, of 
this city, requests me to inform you that he has a considerable quantity 
of good gunpowder which he wishes to dispose of a£ wholesale for two 
shillings and nine pence p'r w't. You will please inform me whether the 
Executive will purchase for the State or not. 

I am, &c. 


Oct. 16, 



Agreeable to your last communication, I have proceeded this day to let 
contractor's office for the ensuing year for the supply of Rations at this 
Garrison. Eight different candidates handed in their proposals, a state- 
ment of which I have here inclosed. I have thought proper to close 
with Capt.. Littlebury Weaver at nine cents, who has acted the last year 
in this capacity with credit and satisfaction. I should certainly have 
given him the preference on equal terms, but his being the lowest, ren- 
derefl it indispensable. This circumstance, I understand, has afforded 
uneasiness to a certain George Anderson, a candidate, who talks of pay- 
ing a visit to the Executive to have his grievances remedied, contending 
that his terms are more advantageous to the State than Weaver^s. 

Upon the same principle of consulting the public interest, I shall 
proceed to take Weaver's bond with security, as usual, for the due per- 
formance of his office, and trust I shall receive the sanction of your 

Our artificers are now engaged in repairing the arras lately received 
from Capt. Spears, of Cumberland. They are returned in wretched order. 

Oct. 18, 




1^00. f koop nn nrcouni of the expen«eH attendant on cleaning and repairing 
%lnl(^' ''^ ^horri, the rooovefy of which, fronn the respective officers, will he a sat>- 
Ar^rnnl jcrt of y<Mir Kxcrflency'» direction. 

f have, Ac. 

J.AMKR Taylor to thr Governor. 

(let. 1?4, fftclof«e<1 I PHid y(»!i » c<»py of a letter from the Secretary of the Treas- 

NorNk ^^^^. ^^|. ^|j^ (T„itHl States to th(^ ('ol1rct<ir of this port, directing him to 

|my to thn <'niiimiMHionerH tlir 8um duo to the contractors of the Marine 

lloMpital and oihi^r (Mintin^^eiit chargcn, a^ jjor acc't forwarded by you, 

atnotititiii^ to (MsrvJ^ l)ollarM, on a coHHiou being made to the United 

Tbip U'tlor hap \\\\\\ dtirmiuit pouip time, as it came to hand after the 
dprtih i»r Tol. Hyni anti witp not sern by me till a day or two ago. The 
ph^^Mtt Ai*tin>i ('olloiior ft\ipp«>80H that he must have satisfactory proof 
nmde of (hp ri^ssion to tho rnitinl States l>efore he can pay the money. 
The \v\ of Affpembly is olear enough* but he is cautious. I will thank 
\^>uv Kxrelloury to forwrtnl your dinivtions respecting it as soon as con- 
v^^uif^ut, rtj» tl\e Administmtn>r of IV>rlaud Is pressing to receive his 
den^nini. m\\\ tlie ^N^mmij«siouors are anxious to settle the business. 

The t.otts on xvhioh the Hiv^pital st^sinds, ^-eiv l>inight — ^>f Edmund 
AUmAud t>x>> l.otts. of tsaMta SmaHw*x>il iM>e lA>tls as j^rdeed. An 
Aot of As58enxbly \^\-tx>i1 the other, l>eUM\gii\g to James Herbert V or^^n, 
tht^^v 1>i^ing other U^nd pui>^ha«Nl ^>r him t>f more value in liea therec«f, 
bnncring in the \\holo four Iv^vitj^ to make a sqnarc. 

1 ftm. in l>ehalf of the Oommissioners, vonr, ^c^ 


\^ ASHTVt^TON, ficpt. Jltl^ J^fCf. 

The Se*retar\' of the XaA-^-. bv his letter of the HfHh nltiTno, baf 

requested thfit 1 ^onld ftnthorize yon to jmy to the (>»Tnmif«iioT>eT«^ 

app^^inted nndor the Act of the X'irpinin .\t?sembly for the ej^tablisbn^em 

of R Marino "Hospital, the halnnce due from th<*ni to the i 'ontrartor f<»r 

said Hospital, nTtf\ to take measures for obt^aining a title in due fomj to 

(he rnited States therefor, with which request of the 'SecTfftaTv of tht- 

\f^\'\* yon will bf' plea«*d to eomplv. There appears to be a variation 

between the >^uni awarded to be dne to the O-on tractor by the rei^ort tit 

the 4 'onmii<!sioners aee<^mpanyinc your letter of the Iftth of ,ltme. and tht 

Recount enrr^'t Mimed bv th(' Auditor, transmitted ben*with — ^the fomieT 

tixinp thef»nni at six thousand dollars, and the latter making it £l>w^^).lii. 

VirpiniH currency, equal to fi,lS5^ dollars. I will thank you. therefon., 

to WKjuin* how this differences arises, a> well toiiatiisfv youraelf previously 


to the payment of the money, whether a good and sufficient title to the 
piT>|ierty can be ve>«tetl in the I'nited States. 

The mrmey, when paid, may he c«mverted hy you into a remittance U> 
the Treisurer. by drawing and remitting to him a Bill in bin favor on the 
Secretary of the Navy. 

I am, with coasideration, air, your obed't Herv't, 


O. WoUf/TT. 

Thway Byrd, Es^j. 



r)ct. ^, 


A LLst of thoee Militia officerH who are delinquent in returning the 
public arms first drawn by them on the late alarm, stating the numf>er 
I »f arms, Ac, yet to be accounted for by them : 

Mn.*<ketfl with Bayonet f'artridge 

Bayonets. Scabbards. Boxes, 

(apt. Win. Giles, . . 29 Z4 Z2 

•' Wni. Richards«>n. - 3 H 

Lieut. John Trower, - - 8 5i^ 8 

(apL .\lex'r McRae. - - 7 7 25 

■^ \Vm. Smith, - - 7 17 U 

'* John FMxon, - - 2 3 7 

• John Stnibia, - - 43 

Lieut. Sanil .Mc< 'raw. - - 1 7 1 

Lifr*ut. ( 'har!e}i» Barret. - - 57 57 57 

('a[it Th<»?*. Nicholrton. - 14 17 '3> 

Major Kich'd Adams. - - 13 13 15 

(*apt- J»>hn M«x><ly. - - 5 5 .5 

En.-ijni I-ei;rht4>n \V'«M»fl, - 9 9 

KrL-^itni John Glvn, - - 10 10 10 

lf>5 240 241 

The followinar are those private citiasens who drew public arms by 

orrier? of mem Iters of the C,'oun<nl of State who have not yet returned 
thf-m : 

Daniel L. Hvlton. - - - 1 stand- 

.\i«:-xander Stewart, 1 Ihy. 

J«»hn M. Smith, 1 !>>. 

Juhn Brown. - - - I Ihk 

Fretlerick Powell. 1 Do. 

5 stands. 

Oct. 31 



JoHs Shbk to the Governor. 

I8i>i>. Your Excellenov s favor of the 20th inst. incloc$ing a note for Mr. Zard 

Oct 31 ' . . 

Philadel- ^^**^ ret^eiveii yesterday. I immediately delivered it at his counting house, 

phia he Wing from home, and soi>n as an op|x>rtunity offere for your city, shall 

apply for and with much pleasure ship you the wine and other articles 

he no doubt will deliver me. 

Mr. Mci\>nuick does not punctually comply with his engagement in 
the stipulated weekly deliver}* of fifty musket& 

His iXMitract I believe embarrasses him, and it mortifys me not a lit- 
tle, that notes drawn on your res|>ectable State should be hawked about 
and sold so much under their value. 

1 believe the poor fellow disposed of my last Draft for about eleven 
hundred dollars at the loss of one hundred and twenty. 

I am, (.tc. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

XoT. I, Informinjf him of the reported intention of Jesse Payne, a ooatiactor 

RichoKMid j^T^,. furnishing timber, to remove in a few days to a frootier county, with- 
out accounting ibr advancements made him. Also reque^ng a contract 
to be made with John Harvie for Bricks and Lime for the Manu£M^tory 
of ArniSw 

Feux D. St. Hillaire to the Goverxok. 

Not. 3i I take the liberty of encloc^ing herewith a certificate oi my residence 

''*?^***** in the Town \*f Winchester and State t>f Virginia, and request your 

Excellencv to have the goodness iW^ snvinsc it aotbenticitT br »Htin!? vour 

private setU to it. 

I have the hooor to be, Jtc. 

Intending to :^sdl for EIuiv^p^ in a fow ^iay:^ I beg your Exci^ncy u:> 
be so indubient as to recam the paper by the next 

We, the mKierwritten. ^.io heteby certily tliat Anthony Felix ^ie Hil- 
laiie. who at f ^resent res^t%k^ in the city n^f Waslungton, resided in this 
|i£abce frv»ui the fifteenth day ot"^ S^|4leulber. IT^x until the l«JUi day »>f 
Febnarv. 17W, and that his det^>rtmeQt within th^t period of time 

» £ • 

In testiiu«>Dy where^MT we hdive heretinto set our haodb at Windbester. 
m thtf Coauupodwe&hh of Mr^riofiiL this :^9^ day o£ vVcober. IS^-XL 

J. Prm^N. 
E. Smith. 


CVjrtificate of Robert Pollard, Clerk of the County Court of King and 
Queen, that Pliilip Pendleton, ap|)ointed Sheriff for said county on the 
9th day of August, last hath failed to give bond for the faithful |>erforni- 
ance of the duties of Sheriff. 


Nov. 4 

RoBT. Campbell, Commandant 105th Regiment, to the Governor. 

I have enclosed the recommendations of the Court of Washington for 
Militia Officers to your Excellency. 

There is a number of Militia now living between what is called Hen- 
derson's and Walker's line, bounding on the State of Tennessee, who 
refuse to do Militia duty. I have ordered the officers commanding com- 
panies adjacent to those lines to enroll the Militia, and a number of them 
have since been fined by a Battalion Court of Intjuiry as delinquents, 
and their fines have not been remitted. The Sheriff has since applied to 
the Court Martial to have them certified as delinquent, alleging that they 
could not be collected, but the Court Martial refused to certify any that 
had property. I would be glad to have the advice of the Executive if 
an armed force shall be ordered to enable the Sheriff to collect the fines 
if resistance should be made, and whether the law ought to be enforced 
as far as the Walker's line. 

I am, (fee. 

Nov. 6, 

Robert Brouoh to John Pendleton. 

Soliciting appointment as Notary Public in Norfolk in the room of Nov. 14, 
Sam'l G. Harrison, dec'd. 

John Clarke to the (Governor. 

Relating to proposed modifications in the contract of John Harvie for 
bricks and lime for the Manufactory of Anns. Also to that with Jesse 
Payne for timber for same building, and loss sustained by premature 

Nov. 14 

Alexander Green to the Governor. 

There has come a very difficult case before me as Escheator of Cul- 
\fe\HtT County, and I am told the only way to get counsel to assist the 
Attorney for the CV)mmon wealth is to ajiply to you. 

The case is Edmund Harell possessed of a tract of land in this county 
in the year 1734. I can find no man that has ever seen him. I have had 

Nov. 26, 




Nov. 26, 


one escheat and therein said that he had beea absent more than 30 years, 
hut the District Court has said we must say he is certainly dead. 

There is a man now that claims as heir that was silent before. He has 
employed two or three as counsel for him, and I think myself the right 
is in the ('onmion wealth if they can have justice. 

Mr. Walker from Albemarle is at present Attorney for tlie Common- 
wealth. You will please let me know as soon as convenient what I am 

to do. 

I have, &c. 

Nov. 20, 

Christopher Clarke to the Governor. 

Inquiring whether Mr. Joseph Holt a justice of the peace by accepting 
the appointment from the Federal Government for taking the census in 
Bedford County, did not thereby forfeit his right to sit again as a Magis- 
trate without having a new recommendation by the Court, and a new^ 
commission from the Governor. 

Dan'l Davis to the Governor. 

Nov. 29, Renewing his application for appointment as Sup't of arsenal at Rich 

Bentivoglio ^^^^^^ 

Samuel Marsh to the Governor. 

Nov. 29, Soliciting appointment as Notary Public of Norfolk. 

Henry Hiort to the Governor. 

Nov. 29, Soliciting appointment as Notary Public of Norfolk. 

John Morrison to the Governor 

Nov. 29. Solicits appointment as Notary Public for Norfolk. 

J. Brown to the Governor. 


Nov. 30, Requesting to have a room for an office as clerk of the Court of Appeals 
assigned him, the committee room heretofore used by him in tlie Capitol 
having been called for by a Committee. 



A. Andekson to thb Govkrnor. 

Asking t<> l)e reimbursed for the hire of a wagon sent b}' him from 1800. 
Staunton to Lynchburg, to bring back 109 stand of arms consigned to Richinond 
Mr. Novel of that city for the use of the 32nd Regiment. Cost of wagon 
hire twenty-four dollars. 

The Hustings Court of Richmond city, tried and condemned a negro 
man named Billy the property of Jane Hornet of the county of New 
Kent, for breaking and entering the Rockett's Warehouse, and stealing 
from thence a quantity of Tobacco valued at twenty dollars. It is the 
unanimous opinion of the Court that the said Billy is guilty of the felony 
Nvith which he stands accused, (and it appearing to the Court from the 
records of tlie County Court of Henrico that the prisoner for a previous 
offence, upon conviction of felony before the said County Court was 
allowed the benetitof Clergy,) therefore it is considered by the Court that 
for the present offence the said Billy be hanged on Friday the 23rd day 
of JanV, 1801. 

In the House op Delegates, 

Tuesday, Dec. 2nd, 1800. 

Resolved, The Executive be requested to lay the journal of their pro- 
ceedings before the General Assembly. 

In which the Senate concurred. 

Wm. Wirt, C. H. D. 

The Senate in conjunction with the House of Delegates proceeded to Dec. 2 
the election of four Electors of President and Vice-President of the 
United States, in the room of four who had been elected pursuant to the 
Act of the General Assembly who failed through non-attendance. The 
ballots being counted, it appeared that a majority of votes were given in 
favor of Daniel Coleman of Caroline, John Shore of Prince George, Dan- 
iel Caroll Brent of Stafford, and John Bowyer of Rockbridge, Es(i'rs. 


H. Brooke, C. S. 

Virginia, to-wit — By the Governor: 

Richmond, December Srd, 1800. 

Be it known that the following i)€rsons were duly appoint<)d Electors 
for the purpose of choosing the President and Vice-President of the 


1800. United States in conformity to the Constitution and Laws of the United 

^^' ^ States and the Laws of this Common wealtli, viz: 

George Wythe, of the city .of Richmond; William Newman, of Prin- 
cess Anne; William H. Cabell, of Amherst; James Madison, Junior, of 
Orange; John Page, of Gloucester; Thomas Newton, Junior, of Norfolk; 
General Joseph Jones, of Dinwiddie; William B. Giles, of Amelia; 
Creed Taylor, of Cumberland; Thomas Reade, Senior, of Charlotte; 
Geoi*ge Penn, of Patrick; Walter Jones, of Northumberland; Richard 
Brent, of Prince William ; William Ellsey, of Loudoun ; General John 
Brown, of Hardy ; General John Preston, of Montgoniery; Hugh Holmes, 
of Frederick; Archibald Stuart, of Augusta; Dr. John Shore, of Prince 
George; General John Bowyer, of Rockbridge; Daniel Coleman, of 

James McClurg, Mayor, to the Governor. 

• Dec. 3, Your letter of the 28th of November having been communicated to me 

ic inon yesterday by Mr. Taylor, I took the earliest opportunity of consulting 
the Common Hall upon the subject of it, and find in them an unanimous 
disposition to accommodate the Government. They seem, however, to 
believe that the bell cannot be removed without considerable injury to 
the building in which it is fixed, but are confident from the tenor of your 
Excellency's note, that the expense of removing and replacing it in its 
present situation, together with the necessary repairs of the building, w-ill 
be borne by the Government, and that it will be restored as soon as the 
public occasion for it ceases. 

I am, with the greatest respect, yours, <fec. 

In the Senate, 
Thursday, December 4th, 1800. 

The House by joint ballot with the House of Delegates proceeded to 
the choice of a Public Printer. Upon the count of the ballots it appeared 
that a majority of the votes was cast in favor of Meriwether Jones, Esq. 

G. Deneale to the Governor. 

Dec. 4, Inclosed you will receive a bill of lading for nine boxas containing 

Alexandria ^^^^\ arms, &c., as per my report inclosed. 

I have found it extremely difficult to collect the arms from the people, 
and have now been obliged to forward what I have been able to collect 
without receiving the whole. The Mayor of the town informs me that 
h» will have them shortly collected or paid for. 



The 60 stand of arms loaned to a company of Light Infantry in 1794, 1800. 
and now commanded by Capt. Winterherry, I have not been able to col- ai^^^'* a'- 
lect, owing to the dispersed situation of the men; but fourteen of the 
nnmber now sent, are bniss-niounted muskets, and I 8U]>pose wortli more 
money than the 60 stand forwarded to this place. Howe\XT, I shall 
endeavor to get the remainder as soon as possible, and shall inform you 

The vessel which carries these arms is owned by Col. George Gilpin, of 
this town, and will be a safe opportunity for forwarding the arms 
intended to be forwarded to this place. 

I have, ike. 

In the Senate, 
Thursday, December 4th, 180<). 

The House proceeded with the House of Delegates to the election of 
an Attorney-General in the room of Robert Brooke, dece'd. Uj>on 
counting the ballots it appeared the majority votes fell upon Philip Nor- 
bunie Nicholas, Esq'r. 

H. Brooke, C. S. 

General Collot to the Governor. 

States that he has just addressed a letter to Gen'l Mason requesting 
him to fonvard it to the Gov'r. From its contents the latter would see 
that the writer, through zeal for Virginia, had engaged with Mr. Swan in 
furnishing him both money and credit. If the arujs are as good as he 
has reason to believe, he Iiopes the Gov'r will immediately order pay- 
ment io be made, as if this is not done loss will fall on him, the writer, 
instead of Mr. Swan. 

[N(»TK. — The above is an abstract of a French letter. — Ed.] 

I)e<\ 10, 

James Allan to the Governor. 

Sending account for services, ifec, and asking speedy payment. 

Dec. 4. 



John Shee to the Governor. 

Relating to the shipment of arms by Rob't McCormick on sloop Sally, Dec. 17 

Capt. Webb, for State of Virginia. Philadef- 




James Williams to thb Govbrnor. 
Relating to the rank of Capt Lightfoot and inclosing his commission, 

I>ec 18 
Orange Co. ^^ ^^ replaced by a new one 

George Wheeler to the Governor. 
r>ec. 20, Asking for an advance of four thousand doUars on his contract for 


arms being manufactured by him. 

George Wheeler to the Governor. 

Dec. 20, Proposals of self and Mr. John Bront, of Maryland, to manufacture 
Richmond ^^^^ thousand stand of anns for the State by June 1st, 1802: For Rifles, 
seventeen dollars and fifty cents; with Bayonets, eighteen dollars; Pis- 
tols, fourteen dollars per pair. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Dec. 20 In compliance with your instructions, I consulted Mr. Anderson Bar- 

ret and Mr. McKim, the only candidates for the carpenter's work of the 
Keci)er'8 House of the Penitentiary building, to know the lowest terms 
upon which either of them would undertake the said work, and returned 
U) each of them the papers containing their former proposals, to alter 
them ixs they might think proper. Each of the gentlemen have made 
alterations, and my motive for enclosing their proposals, now they are 
altered, is, that you may see that Mr. Barret's terms are lowest, and that 
you may direct me to enter into contract for the work, as I wish to avoid 
any supposed partiality on my part by either of the applicants. 

I am, &c. 

Dec. 23, 

William Berkblby to the Governor. 

The balance in the Treasury on Saturday the 20th inst., was about one 
hundred and nineteen thousand dollars. 

Fi*om a reference to the appropriation laws, it will be found that one 
hundred and fifty-six thousand dollars have been appropriated for the 
purchase of arms, and about forty-four thousand four hundred and ninety 
dollars out of the sum appropriated, paid. 


The whole revenue being thrown into one general fund, and equally isoo. 
answerable for all expenses, it is impossible for me to state what balance -rv^™ ' 
will remain for the i)urchase of arms, after all other objects appropriated 
for are satisfied. 

I am, Sir, &c. 

James Garrard, Gov. of Kentucky, to the Governor. 

I do myself the honor to inclose to your Excellency a copy of an Act Dec. 27, 
of the General Assembly of this Commonwealth, pessed Dec. 12th, 1799, ^"M^iT^ 
entitled an Act establishing the boundary line between the State of Vir- 
.iiinia and this Commonwealth. With perfect respect, 

I am, &c. 

F^ickett, I^ollard & Johnston to the Governor. 

We have now to confirm what we formerly mentioned to you on the Dec. 29, 
same subject— viz., that the offer made by the Executive for the 4 M. ^'^^mond 
stand of arms which we have for sale cannot l)e accepted. 

But before we remove them, we think proper to make you an offer of 
them at the lowest price at which they can go, wliicih is nine Dollars pV 
Stiind for such as bear proof. The ex])ense of proving to be lM)ni by the 

We will thank you for an answer as soon as convenient, and have the 
honi»r to be. 

Yours, &c. 


RcKJommending Benjamin Robinson as collector of the Tax of 1795 in Dec. 81 
Russell County. 

A statement of the 4,rK)0 stand of arms, the late i>urchase of Mr. Dec. 81 
Swan : 

4,0<K) pmved, 4,()0() 

Burster! in proving, 15 

Broken Stocks, 7 

Broken in I^xjks and some Britches, - . . . 9 



Wm. Berkeley, Treasurer, to The Governor. 

1800. The sum estimated hv the Honorable Letdslature as sufficient to dis- 

Dec 31 . * 

Treasury charge the claims for slaves executed being entirely exhausted, and those 

clainjs are and will be greatly increased by the late serious Insurrection, 
permit me to call the attention of your Excellency and the Honorable 
Board to the subject, and at the same time to solicit you to give me the 
earliest information, as a claim to a considerable amount has been pre- 
sented, which I liave requested the Gentleman to wait for until I could 
communicate with your Honorable Board. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Berkeley, Treasurer, to the Governor. 

Dec. 31 Informing him that a gradual decrease of the funds in the Treasury 

during the Spring and Summer must be expected and calculated on. 
That the balance on the first inst. is Fifty Thousand seven hundred and 
fifteen dollars and forty-eight cents. 

I am, &c. 

Dec. 31 The Board feeling great anxiety that the Law authorizing the Execu- 

tive to procure a supply of arms for the use of the Commonwealth should 
be carried into effect, and having by a former advice consented to pur- 
chase on certain conditions thearms lately imported by Mr. Swan, which 
conditions have not been accepted by Mr. Swan's agents, advise that 
Greorge Williamson and .John Clarke be requested to examine the arms 
forwarded by Mr. Swan as a sample, and to report their opinion as to 
the value of them, stating at the same time the defects in their com j)onent 
parts, and also an estimate of the exj>ense which would attend the altera- 
tions and improvements necessary to render them serviceable and proper 
to arm the Militia destined for actual service. 

The Board have no objection to the arms which are at ]>resent on the 
wharf being removed by Mr. Swan's agent to the Penitentiary for safety, 
at the public expense, but to be at the risk of Mr. Swan. 

CoTTOM & Stewart to the Governor. 

Dec 31, Proposing to supply the requisite number of copies of the Militia I^ws 

to be ftimished by the Governor to the Militia Officers of the State and 



Thomas H. Bayly to the Governor. 

Soliciting sixty-four stand of arms foy a company of Light Infantry 
belonging to the Second Regiment of Militia, of the county of Acconmc. 

In the county there are two Raiments of Militia, viz: the Second and 
Ninety-ninth, one company of Volunteers, and one company of Volun- 
teer Horse. 

I am, &c. 


Dec. 31, 


In the House of Delegates, 

December SUt, 1800, 

Resolved, That the Governor he requested to correspond with the Prc'si- 
dent of the United States on the subject of purchasing lands without the 
limits of this State, whither persons obnoxious to the laws or dangerous 
to the i>eace of Society may be removed. 

A (fopy from the journals of the House of Delegates. 

Wm. Wirt, C. H. D. 

Dec. 31 

Thos. Xewton to the Governor. 

I have used mv endeavors to transport Sam Brown, a negro man, sent 
i)y your Excellency's order from Smith field. No owner of a vessel can 
be prevailed on to take him out, as they may be subjectted to inconve- 
niences by the I^ws of the Island of St. Croix, where Iuh owner lives. 
He will want cloathing if kept during the winter in pris^iu. 

I am, &Q. 

Dec. 31, 

Capt Elihu Merchant, who, with his men. is confine*! in the Richmond isoi. 
jail, writes to the (iovemor. informing him of their great suffering from J*"-** 

William Berkeley and Wilson Carv' Nicholas give !x>nd in the sum of Jan. 7 
(A\^ million dollars for the faithful fierfoniiance by the formei, of his dutiet? 
a? .State Treasurer. 

Bond in the sum of one million dollars of William Berkelev as State 
Treasurer. Bondsmen: William Berkelev. Carter I^rkelev. William 
Randolph <'of Wilton ). Burwell Bassett, I>ewii? Berkeley, and William 

Jan. 7 


Wm. Berkeley to the Governor. 

1801. Submits to the Executive the advisability of selling the public tobacco 

which was in the Treasury October 1st. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Jan. 20, Stating that he had thought it necessary, as the armory buildings were 

" ^^ not completed, to hire Colonel Quarrier's shop for the purpose of storing 
the machinery for the manufacture of arms. 

Wm. I^rice to the Governor. 

Jan. 20 The consideral>le hurry of business occasioned by the meeting of the 

Legislature has until now prevented mj' complying with your request of 

the 16th of December. 

Having made use of the first opportunity in ascertaining (as far as in 

my power) the proportions of expense chargeable to John Harvie and 

C'harles Lewis, I now hasten to make the following communication : 

4,869 plotts and certificates, contained within five books, are chargeable 

to Charles I^wis. 

18,088 plotts and certificates, forming seventeen books, are chargeable to 

John Harvie; which together with five other books, containing 

5,409 {)lotts and certificates of survey, comprises the whole number 

recorded by the contractor. 


This last description of surveys appears to have been received by Jolm 

Harvie previous to his being placed on the civil list. After which, it is 

believed stationary was furnished, as was Mr. l^ewis, his successor. 

I am, tSrc. 

Jan. 20 Daniel L. Hylton qualifies as Clerk of the Privy Council. 

Wm. Morris .and John G. Brown to the Governor. 

Jan. 20, A law having passed authorizing tbe Executive to dispose of certain 

10 mon gjjives now under condemnation, and wishing to become the ]>urchasers, 

we make the following propositions: We are willing to take seven of 

them at their valuation, Watt being in a situation (from his feet being 


frost bit) that it will be out of our power to take him on with the others. 
We wish to have them delivered in Staunton, from which place we think 
we can take them on with safety. If the above proposition meets with 
the approbation of the Executive, we wish to have the bargain concluded 
to-dav, so that we may set out immediatelv- 

We are, <frc. 



Jan. 20, 


John Strode to the (tovernor. 

Stiites that he has visited the small arms factorv of Mr. Geo. Wheeler, 
and insjKHJted and passed ICH) muskets manufactured for the State. Had 
also inspected 1-40 unstcK'ked barrels, of which \\% stood j)roof 

Jan. 21, 

Richard Kennon to the Governor. 

Asking that the arms for the 22d Regiment and the one in I^unenbtlrg Jan. 30, 
may be sent to Janjes Scott k Company, in Manchester, from whence * ^ 

they will be carrie<l by his wagons. 

Balance in Treasurv, %\^^X^ OO. 

Jan. 31 

TiioMAS Xewton to the Governor. 

Mr. Wm. Pennock, agent for the Navy, has just informed me that 
(apt. I^rdn, of the ('hesa|>eake Frigate, has sent in here a vessel lielong- 
ing t4> one of the N. England Governments, which had a carg(» of slaves 
on liofird bound to the llavanna from Guinea. About 30 slaves are now 
on Ixianl the prize; the remainder were taken on lioard the Frigate, for 
the vessel was short of provisions and tfx> thick stowed to proceed with 
the wht»le of them. Capt. Baron's humanity is much applauded in 
doing it, as it has probably saved the lives of so many human >>eings. 
The ves.sel is m(K)red at (*raney Island, and none will be permitted to 
lan<l. I shall be obliged to your Excellency for instructions how I am 
to act on this subject, as it is a new case. Mr. Pennock has wrote to the 
Secretary of the Navy on the subject, but as our I^ws pn>hibit the 
imj^Hirtation, and the J^w of Congress directs the capture of vessels 
trafling to Guinea. I am at a k>s6 how to act 

I shall l)e exceedingly obliged to your Excellency to appoint an exam- 
ining Phy.sician for thi.-* port; his fees should only be for the vessels he 

Feb. 4, 


Feb. 4, 


visits, and that by the I^aw I am of opinion the vessel should pay, but 
it has been customary for the State to pay it Your orders shall be 
pointedly obeyed. 

I am. &c. 

About 30 slaves are bro't in. 

25 Do. on b'd Chesapeake Frigate. 

Feb. 5, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Asking that a copy of the Quarantine Law passed at last session be 
sent him. 

Wm. Price, Register, to the Governor. 

Feb. 7, Iri conformity to yours of the fifth Inst., I now do myself the pleasure 

Land Office of inclosing you two distinct accounts against Col. John Harvie and 
Charles Lewis. Not having known the usage of this oflBce at the time 
Col. Harvie was entitled to the fees thereof; I have liad recourse to the 
Act of Assembly passed in 1779, "Establishing a Land Office," &c., 
under which it appears the Records of the office were furnished at the 
public expense, and not finding any repeal of that part of the Law fur- 
nishing the records, I have therefore only charged the recording and 
alphabetting, which I presume to be the whole claim which the public 
can have against the Gentlemen for not recording the Plotts and Certifi- 
cates alluded to in the Resolution of 1794. 

I am. (fee. 

John Harvie (former Register of the Land Office), 

To the Commonwealth of Va., Dr. 

To recording 28,497 plotts and certificates of survey, agreeable to a Reso- 
lution of Assembly pa^jsed 22nd of December, 1794, and order of the 
Executive of the 25 January, 1797, at Is. each, - - $3,916 17 

To alphabetting 22 Record books containing the above, at 8 

Dollars each, 176 (X) 

Land Office, 7th of Feb'v, 1801. 

$4,092 17 
\Vm. Price, Register. 

A copy — the original sent to the Att'y-General. 

Sam Coleman. 



Charles Lewis, Esci'r (Late Register of the Land office), 1801. 

To the Commonwealth of Virginia, Dr. j ^ j^qL 

To recording 4,869 Plotte and Certificates of Survey, agreeable to a reso- 
lution of Assembly passed the 22nd of Dec'r, 1794, and an order of 
the Executive of the 25th of January, 1797, - - - $811 50 

To alphabetting 5 Record books containg the above, at $8 each, 40 00 

Land Office, 7th February, 1801. 

$851 50 
Wm. Price, Reg'r. 

Philip Norborne Nicholas to the Governor. 

Your favor of yesterday with its inclosures I duly received, and have 
considered with much attention the subject upon which you request my 

By an Act of Congress passed on 22d of March, 1794, entitled "An Act 
to prohibit the carrying on the slave trade from the llnited States to any 
foreign place or country," after a clause prohibiting the slave trade to be 
carried on by any citizens or residents of the United States to any foreign 
country, it enacts, "and if an}' ship or vessel shall be so fitted out as 
aforesaid for the said purposes, or shall be caused to sail so as aforesaid, 
every such ship or vessel, her tackle, furniture, apparel and other appur- 
tenances shall be forfeited to the United States, and shall be liable to be 
seized, prosecuted and condemned in any of the Circuit Courts, or District 
Court, whence the said ship or vessel may be found and seized." This 
act although it provide^ for the forfeiture of the vessel, &c., in case it is 
contravened, is silent as to the disposition of any slaves that may be found 
on board an}' vessel engaged in this illicit trade. The Act of the Virginia 
Assembly which passed upon the subject of the importation of free 
n^roes and mulattoes into this Commonwealth on the lOth of Dec., 1793, 
in the 4th Sec. declares, "That in case any slave shall be brought or come 
into this State from Africa or the West India Islands, directly or indirectly, 
upK)n information thereof given to any Justice of the Peace, it shall be 
his duty to cause such slave to be apprehended immediately, and trans- 
f>orted out of this Commonwealth, and the expence attending such trans- 
portation shall be paid by the person importing such slave, recoverable 
in the name of the Justice directing such slave to be transported by war- 
rant before a single Magistrate. It is clear from this clause of the Act of 
Assembly, that persons of the description therein mentioned, were 
intended by the legislature to be entirely excluded from the State limits, 
since it makes it the duty of the Magistracy to cause such slaves to be 
apprehended immediately and tmnsported out of the Commonwealth. 

The Act of Congress does not conflict with this Act in its provisions 

Feb. 11, 



1801. since it is silent as to the disposition of negroes on board of vessels 
\ttornev- ^^^8*^^^ in this tratfic. I am aware that it may be said that the power 
Generaf's to try such vessels in the Courts of the United States, necessarily gives 
Richmomi ^^^ power to bring such vessels and their cargoes into any port of the 
United States. I am also aware that the laws of the Union when con- 
stitutionally made, are paramount to the State laws, and that where there 
is a conflict, the latter must yield to the former. I cannot, however, think 
that a State law can be repealed and nullified by an Act of Congress by 
a side wind or new implication. The provisions of the Act of Congress 
ought to be express, and if such act can exist and be reconciled with the 
State law, I do not think that the State law will be construed to be re- 

As I see nothing in the Act of Congress interfering with the act of our 
Assembly, I suppose the latter is still in force. 

If it be so there can be no doubt that the negroes which are mentioned 
in Col. Newton's letter, and which are stated to come from Africa, are 
excluded by our laws from this State. 

I am, &c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Feb. 15 Describing the house near Rocketts called the Hemp Inspection house, 

with opinion as to removing it and fitting it up for a Barracks for the 
Armory Guard, which he approves. 

Enclosing proposal of John Lester for renting the above named house 
and lot for seven years, which he disapproves. 

John Clark to the Governor. 

Feb. 17 Estimate ot the expense of fitting up the Hemp Inspection house for 

a Barracks for the Guard, with some additions, £50(). 

Opinion as to the suitableness of the property of Mr. Fox for the Bar- 
racks. This proj)erty he recommends in the event that an Arsenal and 
Powder Magazine is proposed to be provided, to which purpose it is well 

Pickett, Pollard & Johnston to the Governor. 

Feb. 19, We are authorized to offer you 4,000 stand of arms, now in the Peni- 

Richmond tentiarj', for thirty thousand dollars, being seven and an half dollars per 


We are, &c. 

.■>.! * _ 


Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

As desired in your letter of the 2l8t inst., I have called on Mrs. Shep- 1801. 
ard, the owner of Tom, one of the negroes who coniniiinicated to Mosby Richmond 
Shepard the first intelligence respecting the late intended insurrection of 
the slaves, and delivered her your letter, by which she is informed of 
your authority and wish to purchase Tom, and desirc^d to state the lowest 
price she is willing to take for him. Mrs. Shepard is a widow in whom 
ths ownership of Tom is vested during her life. At her death he, with 
the other i)roperty she possesses, is to be sold, and the i)roduct of the 
sale is to be divided among her children, who have expressed their will- 
ingness that Tom should be now sold and emanci[)ated, and, as far as 
they are concerned in the affair, have authorized Mosby Shepard to act 
for them. Perhaps it would be proper to state the present situation of 
Mrs. Shepard 'S family, which she urged as a reason for the extraordinary 
price demanded for Tom. 

Exclusive of four married daughters interested in the sale, it consists 
of hei-self. two sons, young unmarried men, and one umnarried daughter. 
It frec[uently happens that both her sons are from home, in which case 
she and her daughter are left by themselves, and the care of the planta- 
tion devolves on Tom, who has always faithfully executed the trust 
confided to him, and increa.sed her confidence in the personal safety of 
herself and daughter in the absence of her sons. These circumstances 
and his a.ssiduity in promoting her interests- generally place him in her 
estimation greatly above the usual value of negroes ecjually personable, 
and induce her t<i think that five hundred dollars, which she demands 
for him, will be far short of a compensation equal to the inconvenience 
she will suffer in parting with him, which she would not consent to do 
but in consideration of his emancipation for the essential service he has 
rendered the communitv. 

I have seen and examined him. He appears to be about thirty-three 
or four years of age, is very intelligent, and has a countenance expressive 
of good health, a good disposition and firm integrity, and were I about 
to i>urcha,se, I should think myself justified in giving as much for him as 
for any negro I have ever seen who had not obtained some profitable 
mechanic trade. 

I have also seen Philip Shepard, the owner of Pharoah, the other negro 
who, I learn, was the principal in making the discovery of the late con- 
spiracy. He is immovably decided to take nothing less than five 
hundred dollars for Pharoah. Tt is well fuscertained that he gave at pub- 
lic sale one hundred and thirty pounds for him, and I understand that 
his confidence in him is unlimited. 

On my way to Mrs. Shepard 's I met Pharoah at Watson's Tavern, and 

enquired of him his age and general occupation. He is about twenty- 



ISOl. seven years old, is an expert scythe,s-man, and is emjJoyed during the 
T>- fh *^^* 1 pr^P^'r season in cutting hay, <tc., and in the winter in such business as 
his Master prescribes him. His appearance and character bespeak every 
thing which can be desired in a servant. 

1 have, &c. 

Ben. kStoddert to John Hopkins. 

March 3, I have exanrined and approve the form of a deed which you hand(?d 

Demrtinent ^^ '^^^' ^^^ ^^^^ conveyance of the property at Gosport to the Unit<»d States 
for a Navy Yard, by the State of Virginia. Be pleased therefore to have 
the title secured to the U. States agreeably to that form. 

1 am, &c. 

Under date of January 24th, 1801, Benj. Stoddert, Secretary of the 
Navy, informs John Hopkins that he sends him a draft for $12,CX)0 to 
pay for the land at Gosport. 

March 3, John Sutton requests the Executive to issue a certificate of citizenship 
Alexandria f^^. j^j^^ ^^^^ p^j^j^| j^^^^ Sutton. 

Major Robt. Quarles to the Governor. 

March «, Your favor of th(» 17th instant 1 have received. The various subjects 
■"* therein committed to my can^ shall be scrui)ulously attended to. Pre- 
suming that the safe keeping of the public buildings at this place was an 
object of the greatest magnitude, 1 have rented the small tract of ground 
adjoining the arsenal to Serg't Maddox, (knowing him to be a C4ireful and 
honest man,) for which he is to render a certain ])roportion of the pro- 
duec of the cultivated lanrl, and is bound bv an instrument to take 
<»siHH^ial care of the public buildings. He ()ccuj)ies the house in which 
my family resided, having removed them to my ]>lantation contiguous to 
this place, reserving a room therein for my office, until the removal of 
the j»ubli(^ property is com[)leted. The remaining tenements at this place 
I shall endeavor to dispose of as advantageously as possible, of which 
you shall be duly apprised. 

I am, Ac, 


Deed from Elizabeth Sheppard, widow of Benj. Sheppard; Austin Morris 
and Polly his wife, daughter of Benj. and Elizabeth Sheppard; Philip 
.Sheppard, Edmund James and Susanna his wife, daughter of Benj. and 
Elizabeth Sheppard ; Mosby Sheppard, Austin D. Leake and Lucy his 
wife, daughter of Benj. and Elizabeth Sheppard ; John Starke and Eliza- 
beth his wife, daughter of Benj. and Elizabeth Sheppard; John Sheppard 
and Philip Sheppard as guardian of Nancy Sheppard, conve3'^ing to the 
Governor a negro man slave named Tom. Consideration $500. 


March 15 

Deed from Philip Sheppard conveying to the Governor a negro man March 15 
?lave named Pharoah. Consideration $500. 

George W. Lee, deputy clerk of Essex county, certifys that the county March 17 
court recommends Washington V. Dunn for notary public at Tappa- 

William Berkeley, treasurer, makes the following statement: 

Amount appropriated for arms, $199,000 00 

Paid to the 20th inst., 55,155 10 

March 21 

Balance, $143,844 90 

Balance in Treasury, 33,389 00 

States that nothing but an economical appropriation of the balance 
would keep up the credit of the State, as receipts prior to Sept 20th 
were not to be depended on. 

John Sutton to the Governor. 

In regard to a certificate of citizenship for his son, Daniel Isaac Sutton. March 22, 
The writer was admitted a citizen of Virginia by act dated 1780. His Alexandria 
three sons came to Virginia in 1783 — viz., John D. Sutton, who has 
resided since constantly in Virginia, except a few months' voyage to 
England to select a cargo of goods; James A. has resided in Virginia 
except a year at Ablieville, in France, and a year at the Merchant's 
Warehouse, London; and Daniel I., who went to England with his 
father in 1790, and was from there sent to India, after which he returned 
to Vii^nia. 

Certificate of John Strode that he has examined and passed 100 stand March 22 
of arms manufactured for the State by George Wheeler. 


1801. Bond of James Bootright aa contractor to furnish provisions to the 

March 23 g^^^rd established in Richmond. 

March 28 Balance in treasury, $32,800. 

Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

April 7, Stating that the number of arms on hand at the passing of the law 
Richmond afforded an apportionment of 7,214 stands, of which 3,655 had been 
stamped and 1,450 delivered. 

January 2Sd^ 1801, 

Received by John Atkinson a reprieve from the Governor of Virginia 

for the Slaves confined in Caroline Jail untill the fourth Friday in March 


Will Jones, 

D'y Sh'f for Hay Battaile. ' 

Anderson McWilliams to the Governor. 

April 9, Stating that Mr. James Allen, the health officer of the town, is so ill 

"^^urff ^ *^*^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^'^ ^"^ ^ ^^^ A9ky& longer, and requesting to be appointed 
in his place. 

April 13, Statement that the hands employed in the gun-works consisted of six 

^Works ^ gun-stockers, one gun-breecher, one polisher, one mounting forger, two 

Culpeper filers, one bavonet-maker. The locks and barrels were made by special 

^"'^'y contract. 

April 18 Balance in Treasury, $17,459 89. 

April 18 The State of Virginia, 

To Rob. McOlanahan, Dr. 
To expenses for self and one Horseman to and from the State of 

Kentucky, - - $219 12 

Hire of one Horse from Bourbon to Staunton, - - - 10 00 

To my services for 69 days at $2, 118 00 

To one Horseman on service for 59 days, - - - - 59 00 

$406 12 
Cr. by Caah, 150 00 

P'd Bal. Apl 18, 1801, $256 00 



John Gray, Gent, being elected delegate to the next General Assembly igoi. 
and declining to accept the office of Sheriff, Win. Graham, Jame« Hand- ^^^^^ ^^' 
lev. and \Vm. Vawter are recommended. Certified by John Hutchinson, 

Creed Taylor to the Governor. 

Accepting apr)ointraent as Commissioner on the ])art of Virginia to April 25, 
adjust all differences concerning the boundary hne between Virginia and " ®^oam 
Tennessee. His colleagues are General Martin and Andrew Moore. 

The grand jury of the Williamsburg District Court indict James Hen- 
derson, Mayor of Williamsburg, for being absent from that city on the 
22d instant, the day appointed for election of members of General As- 
sembly and Congress, and thereby preventing the people from exercising 
the right of suffrage. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

In response to his inquiry as to the best mode of procuring tools for the 
manufacture of arms, states that Mr. Hodgson, who is concerned in 
extensive manufactures of ironmongery in Birmingham, England, was in 
the city, and recommends that he be employed to import the tools 
needed. Incloses the following list of those required: 
s sets of tools, etc., proper for welding, floating, (fee, musket barrels. 

for forging the partes of musket locks, bayonets, and 

for forging iron mounting for muskets, steel ram- 
rods, &c. 
for forging all the small parts, 
for fitting and tempering springs, Ac, for muskets, 
for breeching, looping, brazing on the sights, &c. 
for filing, fitting, ifec, parts of musket locks, 
for stocking of musketi<. 
for finishing muskets, 
for hilting and mounting swords. 

8 do. of do. 

4 do. of do. 

2 do. 



2 do. 



4 do. 



32 do. 



20 do. 



20 do. 



2 do. 



April 26, 

John ('Larke to the Governor. 

Agreeably to your request that I should report to you my opinion of 
the necessary size, or rather weight, of the bells which are contemj>lated 
for the use of the Capitol, Manufactory of Arms and Penitentiary, I 

May 2 


1801. have to report as my opinion, that the size of the bell for the CapiU)l 
^*y ^ should be at least as large as the old one which was lately broken ; the 
weight of which without the clappers is 350 lbs. 

It might I think be well to have the new one of 400 lbs. weight. As 
the bell contemplated for the Manufactory of Arms should be of a size 
sufliciently large to be distinctly heard at the most remote parte of the 
city, in order to collect the Artificers who may be absent, and as it is ne- 
cessary that the sound should be distinguishable from that of the bells of 
the Capitol and the Penitentiary, I conceive the weight of this bell 
should be about 500 lbs. 

It not being necessary that the bell for the Penitentiary should be of 
a size more than suthcient to be heard through the building, I think that 
a bell of about 50 wt. would be sufficiently large for the purposes of that 

I have conferred with Mr. Taylor, the brass founder here, respecting the 
terms on which he would undertake to make the above bells. His pri(?e 
if he makes but one bell, is 3s. 6d. p'r lb., which price I think very high. 
As Mr. Hodgson has not yet sailed from Norfolk, I think it would be 
well that he should be written to on this subject to know on what terms 
he would import them. 

I am, &p. 

William I^erkeley to the Governor. 

May 2 Is of ojnnion that not more than S15,(X)0 can be counted on in the 

current quarter. Is concerned to report so trifling a balance as S7,03o 00. 
In addition, the directors of the Dismal Swamp Canal have made a call 
of $25 on each share before the 28th inst. 

May 9 Balance in Treasurv, $4,072 05. 


May 1«), In behalf of Mr. Swan, otters to acce[)t for the arms thtj terms offered 

Riclimoiid 1^^, ^|j^. p^xecutive on the 23(1 of February. Hear that Swan has sold his 
inti'H^st in the contract to (lenend Collot. 

May 16 Balance in Treasury, $2,Glo 31. 


Col. Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Announcing the arrival of the brig Ann, of Norfolk, Capt. Henry 1801. 
Brown, from St. Sebastian, Spain, and asking directions in regard to Norfolk 

John Shee to Samuel Coleman. 

Informing him that Robert McCormick, the contractor for arms, had May 20, 
failed, and was imprisoned for debt. He (Shee) does not think he will pjli^ 
be able to execute the contract. 


Has been informed by Dr. Hansford of Norfolk, that there will soon ^May 22, 
be a vacancy in the position of Health Officer at that port and applies for d q 
the appointment. 

Henry Hiot applies to the Governor for appointment as Notary Public. May 22, 


Certificates of citizens of Fredericksburg that Benjamin Parke is well May 24 
qualified for the office of Notary Public. Signed by David C. Ker, John 
Mercer, John Mortimer, P. Gordon, John Yates, John Minor and others. 

Application of Geo. W. B. Spooner for appointment as Notary Public. May 25. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

States that the present is a convenient time for him to go north on his May 30 
trij) in connection with the Armory. Mr. McKim an experienced 
mechanic could be engaged to supervise the work during his absence. 
Artificers who are single can be very comfortably arranged in the bar- 
racks on the u})per stories of the Armory ; but the married men he may 
engage will probably wash houses for their famalies. Suggests that small 
houses be built for each family. 


Tobacco Received at the Treasury in Discharge of Certain Taxeji, vit: 

1801. Hhds. Pounds. Amount. 
""® ' On hand at last settlement, to the 30th of 

September, 1800, .... 55 56,815 $2,43506 

Ditto, Transfer, — 2,491 107 94 

Received from that period to 2nd of June, 

1801, 8 9,016 444 55 

Rec'd May 23, 1799, of Thos. Lee, on acc't 

of rents payable in Tobacco, - - 30 32,162 782 60 

93 100.484 $3,77a 15 

Note. — This ib extended at the precise sum which was received 

Sales of Tobacco Per Contra, under ih£ Direction of the Executive. 

1801, June 2nd — Hhds. Pounds. Amount. 

Sold to Pickett, Pollard & Johnson, - 4 4,168 $179 22* 

Ditto, 3 3,770 160 22* 

Thomas Tinsley, - ... . 5 5,246 210 89 

Marcus Elcan, 10 10,378 342 47 

Thomas Tinsley, 9 9,562 322 24 

Marcus Elcan, 10 10,781 296 47f 

Ditto, Transfer, 3 2,491 63 04J 

Ditto, 10 11,852 320 72 

Asher Marx, 9 10,074 277 04 

Ditto, 10 10,565 264 12 

Pickett, Pollard & Johnson, - ... 10 10,877 271 92^ 

Marcus Elcan, - 10 10,720 246 56 

93 100,484 $2,954 22 

Loss sustained on the sales of the above Tobacco, - - 815 93 

$3,770 15 
Errors excepted. 

June 3rd, 1801. Wm. Berkeley. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

June 12 As the building of the public Manufactory of Arms commenced before 

you became the (lovernor of the State, and as you intended to furnish 
me with instructions relative to enpaji^ins^ with the artists who are to be 
employed in making of arms, &c., therein, I deem it proper to give you 
the following information in order to afford you an idea of the extent of 
the works and the number of workmen to be employed in the several 


branches thereof, and also the manner in which I pro^wse to conduct it 1801. 
(if it meeta the approhation of the Executive) after its comi)letion. I ® 

have, therefore, to inform you that in the month of February, 1798, I 
was called upon by the honorable Executive to furnish them "with a 
plan for a complete manufactory of arms to be erected in the vicinity of 
Richmond, capable of the annual manufacture of four thousand standi,*' 
and in order to enable me to form an accurate judgment of such establish- 
ments, that I should take a view of the different works of a similar kind in 
the Northern and Eastern States. I accordingly visited all the manufacto- 
ries of arms of any magnitude in those States. And from the information 
I obtained at the several works which I viewed (but particularly those 
at Springfield in the State of Massachusetts, which were the most con- 
siderable of any in the United States) of the proper division of labor in 
the difTercnt branches, so i)roportioned that each branch might keep pace 
with the other branches, and also of the manner in which the work in 
pach several branch ought to be executed, I drew a plan for the works 
agreeably to the best of my judgment, and of an extent suited to the 
de:?ire of the Executive, which plan was presented to and adopted by 

In forming this plan, I endeavored to accommodate every advantage 
of the site to the convenience of the establishment, both as to water- 
works and houses, and finding that the building of habitations for the 
artificers sej)arate from the manufactory wouhl be more expensive and 
not so eligible, I designed their barmcks in the upper apartments of the 
manufactorv, which habitations will be commodious for those artificers 
who are unmarried; yet those who have families will probably prefer 
lK*ing acconunodated in the manner I suggested to you in my last com- 

The works are constructed so as t*.^ be capable of making at least sixU^en 
.<tand of arms ]>er da}', and there being in a year three hundred and 
twelve davs for labor, would make the number amount to four thousand 
nine hundred and ninety-two stands per annum, which would be nine 
hundred and ninety-two stands more than were required by the Execu- 
tive; but as reasonable allowance should be made ibr the awkwardness 
of inexj)erience(l workmen at the commencement of the business, as also 
for accidents, sickness, holidays, <fec., I constructed the works capable of 
making four thousand stand of arms per annum, taking into view such 
extraordinary occurrences; and there being at such works many musket 
barrels refused on account of flaws and other defects, the sound parts of 
which would make good pistol barrels, and supposing that our I^egisla- 
ture would be inclined to arm our Cavalry, as well as Infantry, Artille- 
rists, «$:c., I constructed the works (with very little additional expense) 
capable of making six pistols and seven swords per day in addition to 
the sixteen stand of arms, which will, besides arming the cavalry, afford 



imii, HwttnlH Un lh<; otth'Ain* of tlie Inbiniry and Artillenr. The parte o( the 

Jnhti vl luaiiulii/rtr/ry which are denigned for the making of ordnance wiU be 

vM\ni\Ai' iff iiittkiiig all that tnay be rer|uired for the field and fortifications. 

In ordi^r Ui make the a(>ove nuni(>er of ismall arms, the work dailv to 

\n* (lone in the various hranchen \n intended to be executed in Uie follow- 

ii;f( order — vxz: 

2 Hammer men in two Trip-hammer fotge^ to draw 16 skelps for mus- 
ket barrels and the other Iron which will require the forge ham- 
mer for \iS Htand of arms. 
8 Men to w(dd and float 16 musket and six pistol barrels. 
8 Do. to bore and hand-spindle 16 muskets, six pistol barrels, and 16 

Bayonet sockets. 
H Do. to for^e all the parts for 16 musket Locks, 16 Bayonets, 7 swords, 

and 6 jnstol Locks. 
4 Do. to forge mounting for 16 muskets and six pistols, 16 Ram-rods 

for mnskeis and 6 for pistols. 
2 Do. to forgo all the small parts — viz., screws for Locks, &c.; also 

springs and loops. 
2 Do. to tit and temper the springs for 16 muskets and six pistols. 
4 Do. to bre(M?h loop and liraze the sights of 16 muskets and six 

iS Do. grind 16 mtiskot and i\ pistol barrels, 16 Bayonets, 16 Ram-rods 
for muskets, 6 for pistols, and 7 swoixls. 
grind and Hlo mounting for 16 muskets and 6 pistols. 
LiH*k makors to make 16 Tvocks for muskets and 6 for pistols, 
to ctiSi^hanlon and polish 16 musket liOcks, 6 pistol Locks, 16 
sots of mt>unting for muskets, 6 sets for pistols, 16 Bayonets, 
anil 7 swords. 

(i\u\*st4vokors to make 16 musket stocks and 6 pistol stocks. 
Kiul5»hors to finish 16 muskots and 6 pistols, 
to hilt and mount 7 swonls, 

i\\ nu\k<* tl^e woiKlen [mrts of Cartridge Boxes for muskets and 
»^ l\>r pist<>ls» 

to oxccuto the lit^ather work for 16 cartridge boxet^ for muskets, 
for pistol«« H juur of holsters, 4 sword belts and scabbards, 16 
l^vonot clings, and 16 Brush wii>eTs and pickers^. 
And lis tho moltii\g and n^iining of Brass requires a furnace on a dif- 
tVn^ut \Hn^structJo« from such as are required for Iron, and as bomb 
shi'll^ and th«^ various kind of eaimon shot must be made for the mor- 
tars and othor s))<^e« of ordiuuice* and as it may be expedient to make 
lrv>n a^ w^l a* Brass canm^n. 1 have planned the foundry of these works 
with lw\^ fVmvM.'iMt ^> that brass and Ircm Ordnance may be made therein 
at tho :itam^ liiiie^ which will n?*iuire 1 moulder, 4 founders 1 U^iw, 2 
TunH49 aiH< drtU«r$ of touch botees 4 makei^ of Gun carriages: so that 




















when the works are in fall operation in all the various branches alx>ve i^i. 
ennmerated, they will require one hundred and fifty-one workmen, which ''"'^^ ^"^ 
number of artist«% may, after gaining experience, manuftictupo a croater 
number of arms than I have here stated, and the works arc so c»mi- 
structed as easilv to admit of extension should it heroafter Ix^ found 

The establishment of a manufkctOT}* in the bosom of our State cafvnble 
of furnishing an abundant supply of arms for its defence without reli- 
ance on the precarious mode of obtaining them by im}>ortation fnun 
Foreign States upon whom we have been wholly dc|>endont for our 
means of defence, does honor to the wisdom and enter]>rire of our Ix^s- 
lature. and greatly tends to the support of that independence si> sacred 
to all true Americans, for without arms for our defence, the Rights of the 
nation, however lightened its councils, or numerous and brave it^ citi- 
zens, are in a perilous condition, and may be wn^ted (nMXi us by a com- 
bination of those foreign powers who are pre|>are<l for war, and \vlu> 
without regard to justice, but governed by Interest and ambition, may 
not only injure and insult us with impunity, but make us again feel the 
scourge of tyranny. By such reflections, I am UhI to tliink that our l>eing 
prepared for war, is the best guarantee or security for our lil)erty and 
happiness. With these impressions, I, with pleasure, emlnirked in the 
business assigned me by the Executive, not without regretting that altho' 
nature has furnished the United States with the mivst pn>fuse abtuulaniM' 
of materials proper for the fabrication of every spetnes of arms, yet none 
of our sister States have fallen upon the plan or followed tht» example of 
Virginia in establishing within themselves means of protection. As our 
means of defence are increased in the same proiK)rtion will the jealousy 
of our enemies be excited — to repel the evil effec^ts of which it is iu*oes- 
sary that we should be prepared, for their plans may be formcfl and 
incendiaries be employed for the secret destruction of our warlike prt*- 
pations when least suspected — instances of similar mischiefs have often 
been practiced with too much success not to be dreaded ; it is fresh with- 
in my recollection, that within the course of the American Revolution 
our infant manufactories of arms and powder works Wore destroyed in a 
secret manner by negroes who were influenced by emisaries of the British 
Army with whom they acted. 

In order to guard as far as was in my power against an evil so dread- 
ful, in forming the plan for our Manufactory of Arms (as the expense 
will be inconsiderable in proportion to the object,) I designed to have 
the water elevated (by means of the machinery necessary for making 
arms,) from the reservoirs of the works into the two cupolas built for 
that purpose on the roofs of the two largest houses of the Manufac^tory, 
from whence it may be conducted into the roofs of the other houses 
thereof, so as to secure the works from destruction by Are. I also 


1801. designed in the stracture of the buildings, a room for a guard intending 
Jane 12 ^^^^ ^^^ artificers belonging to the works should guard them in the night 
time, which would be so easy a duty for the great number of men 
employed in the Manufactory, as scarcely to be felt by them. And in 
order to qualify them for military serWce in time of need, and make them 
proficient in the art of making arms, and to prevent them from quitting 
the public service at their pleasure, I conceive it will be proper to enlist 
or engage them for a term of not less tlian three 3'ears. That they from 
the profits of their labor, shall furnish themselves with uniform dress of 
blue cloth to be worn by them on parade, that their hours of refreshment 
be regulated l)y the t4)lling of a bell for that purpose, and that they parade 
by beat of drum each morning and evening at sunrise and sunset, attend 
the roll call and perform such military evolutions as may qualify them 
for the duty of soldiers when unemployed by their various occupations 
in the Manufactory of Arms. 

These arrangements appear to me to be necessary for our works, they 
are however res])ectfully submitted to your consideration, with a request 
that you will make such alterations as to you may seem expedient. As 
system is indispensibly necessary to produce regularity and order in the 
rotine of business in which so great a number of workmen are to be 
variously employed, and having formed the plan and superintended the 
erection of the works hitherto, and the Executive having confided to me 
its direction when completed, it now becomes not only my duty, but is 
my most ardent inclination by all the means in my power, to conduct 
this estal>lishment so as to answer the public expectations and the great 
purpose for which it was instituted. 

I am, &c. 

V. S. — On receipt of your letter of the 1st inst. I inquired of Mr. Wil- 
liam M<}Kim the terms on which he would be willing to undertake the 
temporary superintendence of the two buildings, the Manufiictory of 
Arms and Penitentiary House during my absence; his reply I enclose. 
He appears to understand the plan of the Manufactory of Arms very 
well, so far as it relates to the houses, and is. I l>elieve, a tolerable good 
judge of wood work and of brick work. And the outlines of most of 
the brick work of the Penitentiary being Ix^un, I cannot suppose he can 
meet with any difRculty at that building. 

I think the whole of his time should be devot4?d to those buildings 
until my return, in order to see the work executed conformably to the 
plans, and to prevent the introduction of bad materials into any jwirt of 
the work. 

The reply of Mr. John Hodgson to my letter, written to him some time 
ago on the subject of furnishing l>ells for the Capitol, Manufactory of 
Arms, and Penitentiary House, 1 have received since the last Board of 
Council, which reply 1 also enclose, J. C 


Bond from Pickett, Pollard & Johnston in sum of £16,800 to indem- isoi. 
nify the State of Virginia against the claim of all persons in regard to ^"*y ^ 
arms purchased by the State from them as agents for James Swan. Swan 
had sold his claims to General Collot, of France. 

Ro. QuARLES TO Samuel Coleman. 

Inclosing contracts with John Maddox, Thos. Gray, Pollard Gosney, July 4, 
an<l Jno. Griffin for rent of public land and houses at Point of Fork. uvanna 

Memorandum of Clothing issued to the Public Guard. List contain- July 10 
ing the names of fifty-nine non-commissioned officers and privates. 

Proposition of Jacob LK^athers, of York, Pennsylvania, to furnish the July 11, 
State of Virginia with 4,000 stand of arms for £5.0.6 (Pennsylvania Richmond 
money) per stand. 

Proj>()siti(>n of Peter Brang, Abraham Henry, and Henry Dehuff, of July 13 
Lancaster, Pa., to furnish the State of Virginia 7,075 stand of arms at $11 
per stand, delivered in Lancaster, to be completed in three years; and 
also 1,(X)0 pair of pistols at $15 per pair. 

Daniel Davfs to John Clarke. 

Ap[)lying for position as a gunsmith at the Armory. July 17, 


John Shee to the Governor. 

Has seen Captain Clarke and found him a man of business. Had juiy 19^ 
given him all the aid he could. Thinks Clarke will be enabled to engage Phifadel- 
Haslett, formerly with McCormick, for the Richmond Armory, who can 
influence 15 or 20 good workmen. 


George Williamson to the Governor. 

Ai)plying for the position of chief gunsmith of the Annory. Is a juiy 31 
native of Virginia and worked in a manufactory of small arms all during 
the last war. 



C. M. Thurston, Escheator of Frederick, to the Governor. 

1801. Informing him that he has employed Mr. Page to assist the Attorney- 

Vinchest^r Clencral in the suit against Martin's P]xecutors. 

August 5, Proposal from George Wheeler to manufacture three thousand stand of 
.u i)eper ^^mii for the State at 813 per stand. 

John Shee to the Governor. 

Aupist 9, Mr. Haslett will furnish 600 muskets on the same terms as Mr. Miles, 
plfia^ " ^^ helieves Mr. Miles is to complete the work undertaken by McC'ormick. 
Will obtain from both security for the performance of their contracts. 

August 10 Northumberland county court recommends Thomas Hurst and An- 
thony Sydnor for inspectors at Indian and Dymer's warehouses; James 
Harcum, George Barret, George Hesterson, and George Black well, at 
Wiccomoco. and Martin Haynie, Robert Crowther, Sanjuel Dowing and 
Willoughby N. Berryman at ('oan. Certified by Fleming Bates, Clerk. 

August 10, Proposals from George Wheeler to make 4(X)0 muskets for the State at 
Culpeper jji 50 a piece. 

John Shee to Samuel Coleman. 

Auj?u«t 13, Desiring to know whether Mr. Miles is to make 600 pistols or 6(X) pair. 
Philaciel- "Both Mr. Miles and Mr. llaslett are busily at work for us; your good 
pay gives life to the hammer and anvil.-' 

AuKUHt 29 Balance in Treasury, 84,91)9 30. 

Sept. 14 Jacob I/cathers informs the Ciovernor that he will manufacture mus- 

kets at the same price as others who have offered. 

Sept. 14 Papers relating to barracks, with enclosures. 



John Fox otiTers to sell several houses aud lots "oa the hUr' for isoi. 
harrackB. ^^1*^ »•* 

Jamet* Boatwright ofiBers to famish th«^ State troops at Hichmoud with s«pt U 
i!o<Kl rations at IB cents each, and spirits at a dollar a gallon. 

Wm. Morris, Sheriff, xt) thb Govrrnor. 

Ill regard to the murder of Bennet Kodgers, by slaves ho was cairying Sept. U), 

■lown the ( )hit) river. Kunawha 


Thos. Xbwton to thk Govbrnor. 

<Ti\'inK intbrmation that within the past few days several persons 
i mostly strangers) had been taken with the fever and several had died. 
The inhabitants are as healthy as for many years past. 

Svpt. 2C>, 

Thos. ^awTOj* to tub Governor. 

Since writing last, many persons have dieil iyf the fever, mostly foreign- 
ers. The emigrants from Ireland suffer most, as they have no friends, 
an4j die for lack of g<x)d nursing. The inhabitants of the town are 
healthy, and he has heard of none of the market people from the country 
taking the disease. 

Sept. HO, 

Certificate of John Timberlake, Clerk, that Duncan McLauchlin, who ^^.t. 2, 

wa** appointed Sheriti' had failed to give bond. Fluvauuu 

'^^ Couuty 

J. Byars, Jr., to John Olahkk. 

Hopes he will not bt» dis2\p[H>inte<l in the artitieers from SpringHeUI. ui, J, 
Much pains are taken to discourage them. SiinuulkUl 

Benjamin Pahkk to tub Govbrnoh. 

Stating that in conse^iuence of the information that a nmlignaut fever, uut. 5, 
supposed to be yellow fever, prevailed in Norfolk, he had put the quar- t re^lt^i lukH- 
antine in force with respect to vessels from that place. 




Ckrt. 0, 



Wm. Savage, Agknt for the Protection of U. S. Seamen, to 

THE Secretary of State. 

Stating tliat a number of barrels of flour branded "Hanover Town/' 
which the Englisli army contractors had jjurcliased from Virginia, were 
light in weight. 

Oct. 9, 

Tuos. Newton to the Governor. 

The sickness luis greatly abated, and l)Ut few have been attacked 
exce|>t foreigners, particularly the British, who drink hard and dissipate. 
Has not heard of a single instance of a Frenchman being attacked, their 
temperance keeping them in hexilth. 

John Gordon to the (iovernor. 

Oct. 10, Declining to serve as Sheriff for another year. His successor posscjsses 

^J^*"*^"'"' pure Republican principles, he therefore resigns to him with pleasure. 

Oct. 10 

Creed Taylor to the Governor. 

The inconvenient distance at which (ieneral Martin, ^fr. Moore and he 
live, has |>revent(Ml a joint communication to ilu) (Jovernor of Tennessee; 
but General Martin wrote individually to tlu^ Governor, whose reply he 
had inclosed to him (Taylor). The Governor states that when the legis- 
lature of Tennessee meet.s, he will lay before it the proceedings of the 
VirfTinia Assembly. 

Oct. 12 Hec'ommendation of Council, that Messrs. Clarke and Quarrier U^ 

ap|Hiinted to inspect the arms manufactured by Mr. Wheeler. 

♦John Clarke to the (Governor. 

Oct. 13 Recites the various [)roposals made to the State Wtr the manufacture of 

arms, and says that on his northern tour he visited each of the pers^uis 
named. liecommends that for muskets the proposals of (iraef!*, Hrong, 
Henry and Dehuff of I>ancjuster, Pa., be accepted, and that the model of 
a sword be s(^nt to Philadel)>hia, for terms to be made there. In and 
al)Out Philadelphia and in several parts of the New England States, he 
had engaired a number of gun manufacturers t<^ work in the Virginia 
Manufactory of Arms. 



Certificate of John Strode, that he. Captain Edward Pendleton, and 1801. 
Thomas Patton, a noted gunsmith, had inspected and proved 31.^ gun ^tevengburj? 
Ijarrels at Wheeler's works. C'ulpeper 

Alex. Quarrier and John Clarke report to the Governor that thev had Oct. 16, 
ins|H»cted 25() muskets, bayonets, &c., lately sent from Wheeler's works, 
and think that in general, the work is roughly executed, cspecnally in 
the locks ; but that they are better than any Wheeler had made before. 
They are considerably inferior to the guns sent from Philadelphia. 

Joseph Williamson to John Clarke. 

In regard to employment of workmen there. Scoundrels have tried Oct. 20, 
to prevent Clarke from obtaining men, but his friends will do all in their ^P"'*^"®*" 
[Kjwer for him. 

< ieneral John Guerrant, Jr., certifies to the Governor that he has in- Oct. 21, 
sj>ecte<l 1,098 muskets manufactured for the state by Major John Tinsley, ^^<^<^^^°d 
at 9(>c. each, and that they are well executed. 

Alexander Quarrier certifies to the Governor that he has tested ten Oct. 21 
cask.s (weighing 71>8ft>s.) of powder sold the State by Tristnim Patton 
and finds it very good. 

Hill of Tristram Patton against the Commonwealth of Virginia for 
£109., the price of 79H lbs. of |H>wder sold the State. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

No meeting of the Dismal Swamp Company has l>een held on account 
of absence of members. The excessive high price of labor and provi- 
sions lias much retajded the work, but hopes the canal will be through 
in a short time, though more money will be needed. 

Oct. 28, 

Fines assessefl at a court of inciuiry held for the first and second bat- Oct. 30 
talions of the 22d Regiment of Virginia Militia, in Mecklenburg county. 
A list containing 157 names. 

Application of Archibald Barnes for ap])ointment as Notary Public. 


Oct. 30, 


Thos. Xkwtox, Jr., to the Goverkor. 

1W)1. Recommending Alexander Jonlan for the commimon of Notary Pab- 

SorffAk ''^ ^^'^ Norfolk Dbtrict, and resigning the same in oonsequence of having 
been elected to ConnciesH. 

Jaue^ Keith to the Governor. 

Nov. 13, Home davr* ago Colo. Deneale delivered me a letter from vour Excellencv, 

addreeBed to the President and Directors of the Potomack Company, 
requiring of them an account of the progress made by the Company 
towards rendering that river navigable. I made the several members of 
the Board ac<^|uaintcd with your rec|uisition, and different days were 
ap|K>inted for holding a Board and piaying the respect due to your com- 
mands, by laying l>eforc you the present state of that undertaking. From 
unforseen events a Board has not yet been formed. This morning Colo. 
Dencfale shewed me a letter he had lately received from Mr. Coleman, in 
which he mentions it a.s vour desire if a Board of Directors has not or 
could not be conveniently formed, that the information you wanted should 
be transmitted vou bv the President of the Board. 

In obedience to this communication, I take upon me to do that which 
would with more propriety have come from a full meeting of the Board ; 
and it is with pleasure I inform your Excellency, that the passage at the 
Great Falls will be completed by the month of February at the farthest, 
probably a month sooner. At that place there is a fidl of seventy-six 
feet, which is descended by five locks: to form the lowest of these, a solid 
rock has been cut through forty odd feet deep, and for the next, thirty 
odd feet. The excavation is finished: nothing now remains, but fixing 
the gates, two of them are done, the others going forward. The timbers 
of them are framed, the hanging and planking only remaining to be done, 
when those gates are finished the river will by exertions of the Company, 
be rendered navigable at certain seasons of the year ftxjm Tide Water to 
George's Creek, thirty miles above Fort Cumberland, and more than two 
hundred above the Tide. The im|)ediments have been the Great, the 
Benaca and Shenandoah Falls, each of which presented very formidable 
impediments. At the two first, locks have been formed ; at the other two, 
lenghty canals to apportion the Fall. After passing the last, there is a 
continued succession of smaller falls seldom more than 8 or 10 miles 
apart, frequently much nearer, making in the whole from Tide Water, 
upwards of eleven hundred feet. The commencement and duration of 
the navigation will depend much upon the seasons: in common years it 
may be calculated to commence some time in November and continue to 
some time in June. It is thought that further improvements may be 
made so that the na\dgation may commence earlier in the fall and con- 
tinue longer in the summer. If it shall be judged practicable, I have no 
doubt but the Company will endeavor to affect it. 



Df**n**hHntm »( .l^»ii^ 



r-iwn ir t'ounn'. 


T't Wtmii Sc-ui. 
























Ptiiii*« <-^r9»... 
Bockiii^baiiiL •~- 

JLlb«iiiiir!i£w. ■' 


Lfj. . — 


C>o. ^ 

SoothainpisoiL. .- 

Xor5>lk CoenfiT^ 



York CocmlT 


« vlooccstcr 


York Town — — 

I 'amberlaiKl 

4'ity of Ri«rhiiK>ii«l 

Lynchborir ~ 



tJnin^ - 

Amelui - 


King and Qoeen 

King William - 

New Kent an<l Charles Citv... 


Rockbridge - 


Botetourt ~ 

Frederick • 


8pott8ylvania ~ 


Stafford , 






Ditto, second apportionment. 


Second apportionment | 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment ' 



»51 . 




140 »* 

II f 




57 \ 


101 \ 

109 1 




140 I 






88 \ 

23 I 


16 i 
14 ii 

10 i > 

Col. ^HUU'l VtflttiJ>flf. 

CcW. W. C Xicf^Eoliw;. 

t:iin Jk»&» >Kv*Kati^ <>i l>i^if«!sbmx* 

MiW9 Kiii$. 

Ri^l^Hrt ShWKK V^s-^*^ ^^*^^ ^^^ 

mff%»f\»nt i>ii4»iiuk 
Wm. Norvt^K tviwhtmrj:. 
iVI J«xhn SiuitK. 
i\>K Wm. A. Hoi4bt*. 
i ol. HelHoM t^Y«. 

i^i(4« John McKae. IVIc^mlmiv- 

1\>I. John llaitkina. 
Col. i\ TVuupkinK 
Sl^jor John Hmdlov. 
Col. An*hiliaUl iVn^ko. 

Mr. John WMt*H>n« MilUuu 

Wm. NofN'ell, I^ynchbuiy. 
Col. Ilownon Siiton. 
Col. John S. Slaughter. 

Mr. Fontaino Maury. Frtulorloki*- 

Col. David Jami(»Hon. 

0>1. Peter Hull. 

Col. Vinocnt WilliumH. 

Col. Bi>njamin Ilarriaon. 
Col. John IngleH. 
Col, (leorge IVariH. 
Mr. John Wataon, Milton. 



Nov. 13 

Distribution of Arms — Continued. 

•hi C 

^ St 






Town or County. 

Albemarle, second apportion 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 

Powhatan, second apportion- 

Goochland, second apportion- 
ment ; 


Second apportionment 

Shenandoah, second appor- 

Culpeper, second apportion- 

Culpeper, second apportion- 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 


Second apportionment 

Cumberland, second appor- 

Buckingham, second appor- 

Frederick, second apportion- 

Frederick, second apportion- 
ment « 

Chesterfield, second appor- 






To Whom Sent. 




79 \1 


50 \ I 




56 \ 


44 \ 



13 ! 



Mr. John Watson, l^iilton. 
Col. John Douglas. 

Col. Wm. McDaniel. 

Col. Samuel Hairston. 

Col. John Early. 

Col. George Green. 

Col. George Hairston. 

Col. Littleberry Mosby. 

Col. Henry J. Miller. 
Col. Wm. Allen. 

19 j Col. Wm. A. Boothe. 

18 ; Col. David Jamieson. 

Col. John S. Slaughter. 
Col. Robert Sayers. 

Col. Stephen Saunders. 

Col. Clement Daniel. 

^A Col. Wm. Clarke. 

18 Francis Deane. 





12 f 





26 Col. Joel Watkins. 
31 I Col. John Smith. 

28 ' 

Total 5,424 Stands to 13th of November, 1801. 

Wm. Dabney to the Governor. 

Nov. 13, Asking compensation for clerical services in connection with the dis- 

Richmond tribution of arms and correspondence with militia officers. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Nov. 17, Inclosed we transmit your Excellency a report intended to be made to 
Norfolk ijjg General meeting which was to have been held on Saturday, the 15th 



inst. but did not take place; in addition to which, we beg leave to inform 
your Excellency, that Mr. Benj'n Jones, an undertaker on the S. side of 
the Canal, and one of the largest individual proprietors, informs us that 
he shall complete in four weeks' time a temporary lock which will open 
a navigation from the Virginia line to the waters of Pasquetank, also that 
we have a well grounded hope of seeing the ('anal navigable throughout 
for flatts 60 feet long and five wide, carrying 10,000 three feet shingles in 
the course of the ensuing year. 

I am, <fec. 

To the General Meeting of the Dismal Swamp Canal Co., the President 
and Directors respectfully report that since the last general meeting, a 
large lock has been constructed at the South end of the Canal and com- 
munication opened between it and the waters of Pasquetank river, to 
admit of boats five feet wide and drawing two feet water. That a smaller 
temporary lock has been placed at some distance from the Great lock, to 
raise the water for some miles back into the Swamp, where the descent 
of the ground is considerable. That the contract with Dr. Sawyer has 
been nearly fulfilled, and that the Canal has been cut from the end of 
Sawyer's contract as far north as the line of Virginia, eleven feet wide 
and two feet deep. They are concerned further to report that less pro- 
gress has been made in Mr. Capron's contract since the last general meet- 
ing, than think might have been reasonably expected, and that they have 
in consequence thereof, come to a determination to remove him from his 
present situation at the end of this year, and to take such other measures 
with him as the interest of the Company may require. 

On an examination of the Treasurer's Accounts on the 12th inst. they 
found in his hands a balance of only $37G 61 due to the Company, and 
there appears to be still due from the subscribers about six thousand dol- 
lars, which sum they are of opinion will be sufficient to comj)lete the 
communication between the Northern and Southern parts of the Canal 
in the manner contracted for with Jones & Co. 

An account of tolls received at the North end of the Canal to the 24th 
of May last, has been rendered by Mr. Capron by which it ai)pears that 
$408 15 had been then collected. 

Of the tolls unpaid, no account was rendered, but it is supposed they 
must have been considerable and can be collected. 

RoBT. Adams, Pr. 
Nov. 14th, 1801. 

Nov. 17, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

The inclosed report intended to have been made to the General Meet- 
ing, which could not be effected for want of members, will shew your 
Excellency the state of the Company's funds and the i>rogress of the 

Nov. 17, 


Nov. 17, 


Canal. The excessive high prices of labour and provisions, has retarded 
this work (with uncommon wet seasons). Next year I have hopes that 
the race will be made through the swamp for vessels carrying about 15 
Hhds of Tobacco in weight This will shew that the work can be fully 
effected, and does no injury to the opening the Canal the full width, 
while it will be bringing in Toll to assist in completing it. Boats like 
those used in the James River Canal, now are employed on each end of 
the Canal, and only the middle is now to be cut which in one good sum- 
mer may be completed. 

I am, &c. 

Geo. Prosser to the Governor. 

Nov. 26, Soliciting appointment as Clerk at the Public Manufactory of Arms. 



Nov. 26 On my return from the Country yesterday found your note of the 

day before. 

The inclosed report embraces I hope all the material information you 
wished for: if however a more minute detail will l>e more satisfactory, 
I will with pleasure furnish it as far as I am able. 

Yours, &c. 

Nov. 26, 


In conformity with your request, wishing to know how far the im- 
provement of the navigation of James River has been carried into effect 
under the laws passed on that subject, b^ to inform you that of this 
immense work, there remains comparatively speaking, but little to be 
done for the completion of such an extensive navigation; that the im- 
provement still requisite is principally on the bed of the river, the dams, 
locks, lower sluices, canal and basin being finished. That from the arch 
gates above the locks to the head of Goolsby's falls, the bed of the river 
has during the last season been cleared of the obstructions thought neces- 
sary to render the navigation safe and easy. 

That for several years preceding the present, a well informed and 
experienced superintendent, with a suitable number of hands, has been 
also employed, when the season would permit, in clearing the bed of the 
river between Lynchburg and Crow's Ferry, particularly through the 


mountain, and we are happy in believing the navigation to be nearly isoi. 
complete in that part. IT ^h ^^*d 

Crow's Ferry is the Inghest point to which the company is bound by 
law to extend the improvement, and which is by the course of the river 
about 220 miles above tidewater, and running into a fertile country. It 
may without any impropriety, it is thought, be observed that a very 
moderate expense will make a safe and easy navigation also to the fork 
at Jackson's river, being about 40 miles further up, and from which pla<;e 
Flour, (fee, is now frequently brought down. 

Thus the interior navigation may be said to extend about 260 miles, 
and to be in a very tolerable state for transportation of produce, as nearly 
all the great obstructions are removed. Finding that a very inconsidera- 
ble sum judiciously exi>ended would immediately extend the great benefit 
of water carriage to several lateral branches of the main river, improve- 
ments have therefore been made on the North Fork above the mountain, 
running up near to Lexington. 

The North river, running up towards Charlottesville: on Willis's, up 
to Caira, about — miles, which lateral navigation affords great facility 
and saving of expense in bringing down the produce of the country, as 
well as increasing the Tolls. 

It remains, however, to improve the bed of the river from Goolsby's 
falls up to Lynchburg, and from thence to the mountain. Indeed it may 
be requisite in favorable seasons, to bestow some additional labour up to 
Crow's Ferry All these improvements, however, on the bed of the river, 
being, as already stated, the principal ones now necessary, are dependent 
for their execution in a great measure on the seasons, as 'tis impossible 
to work advantageously unless the water is very low, and that generally 
can be calculated on for but a short period in each summer, which ren- 
ders it impossible to say with any degree of certainty when this part of 
the work can be fully completed; but can «assure you that it will by no 
means be lost sight of, and that a superintendent, with a sufficient num- 
\)eT of laborers, will be kept in the interim at other employment, but 
always in readiness to embrace the proper opportunities as they may 
present, until the work is com[)leted. 

This circumstance, which must exist for some time, together with the 
necessary constant establishment to support progress in and manage a 
work of such magnitude, will require a considerable annual expenditure. 
For your further information, it may not be amiss to say that the cap- 
ital of this company, of which the public had a moiety, consists of 700 
shares, amounting to £42,000, which being found inadequate to the 
work, the tolls and rent for water which have arisen, have been applied 
to carry it on, and which is now so far advanced toward completion as to 
lessen the expenditure, and has thereby enabled the company to comply 
with aU their engagements, to repay with interest all the money borrowed, 



Nov. 26, 



as well as to keep up the necessary establishment for collecting the tolls, 
niannging the works, going on with the improvements yet requisite, and 
at the end of this year to leave a dividend on the original stock of £42,000 
of not less than three per cent. In the next year the dividends will most 
probably be increased to double that amount, so that it is thought six 
per cent, on the original advance may be pretty certainly calculated on 
hereafter, as well as a reasonable annual future increase, and yet keep up 
the necessary establishment. 

This favorable opi)ortunity cannot be omitted, of observing the pleas- 
ing prospect before us, of the benefits now resulting to the community at 
large by an inland navigation on the main river of about 260 miles, 
through the heart of the State, independent of a similar advantage on 
each side of this river by improvement of its lateral branches, stretching 
out their arms to some distance, thereby greatly enhancing the value of 
lands throughout a large extent, as well as some remuneration to the 
individuals who have advanced and hazarded their money on an arduous 
experiment for the public good. 

With much respect on behjilf of the Directors, 

1 am, (fee. 

Joseph Jones to the Governor. 

Nov. 27, Your circular letter with one from Mr. Samuel Coleman T received 
yesterday, requesting that 1 would give information of what progress ha«5 
been made in carrying the liaw into effect for Improving the navigation 
of Appomattox River. 

The Act which was renewed and amended last session for the improving 
the navigation of Appomattox river from Broadway to Pocahontas 
bridge, has not been acted on: the reason is the Trustees appointed by 
law, think that the clause in the afort»said act, which gives the I^egislature 
in future a control over the rates of tolls established, to be rather partial, 
as then^ is no such clause in any of the Acts for improving the navigation 
of anv other Rivers. 


The Truste<>s intend a meeting shortly, and to represent to the Assem- 
bly as it will be a hazardous undertaking, that that clause should be 
repealed and put them on the same footing of the others. Capt. John 
McHae, thinking the letter he ret^eived was intended for the upper 
improvement of the Appomattox River, sent the letter to Major Joseph 
Eggleston who is the President, and I do suppose he will write you what 
progress they have made in the Canal, but least he should not, I was to 
sei^ the Canal a few days ago, and they have got it completed nearly three 
quarters of a mile below Mr. Atkinson's mill, where the boats can come 



down and deliver their loads, which is about four miles from where they 1801. 
intend the Basin to be in the Cori)oration of Petersburg. Petereburff 

I am, &c. 

Henry Harper proposing to furnish black walnut musket stocks for Nov. 27 
l."> i>ence per stock. 

Application of Samuel McCraw for appointment as notary public. Dec. 8, 


Meriwether Jones elected public printer by the General Assembly. 

i/ec. «f 

James Monroe re-elected governor by the General Assembly. 

Dec. 10 


Certificate of Daniel L. Hylton that James Monroe had taken the Dec. 11 
oaths as governor. 


Samuel Tyler elected member of the privy council by the General Dec. 12 

We, the undersigned, appointed a committee of the Executive to exam- Dec. 14, 
ine the f^and office for the purpose of ascertaining the propriety of con- ni?""^ 
tinning in the public service the number of clerks usually employed by 
the Regi.ster, beg leave to report — 

That there are at present but five clerks employed in the land office, 
the services of one clerk having been dispensed with in the course of the six months. 

That the Register is (besides superintending the operations of his 
office), engaged in examining the Returns made to his office, in compar- 
ing and examining, with the surveys, all grant? issued thereon, in grant- 
ing receipts and in keeping an account of the returns and of the fees of 
the office. 

That the chief clerk is j^enerally employed in issuing warrants and 

That one other records all grants that are issued. 

That two other clerks are employed in examining the platts and cer- 
tificates of survey recorded by Major William Price. 

And that the remaining clerk is engaged in examining, copying and 



Dec. 14, 

entering on the margin of the warrants the grants which are iseaed 

From tiiHoti) time, since our appointment for the purpose aforesaid, 
we have liecn attentive to the operations of the said office, and have with 
pleasure observed that the hours of business are as numerous there as in 
any other public office under the roof of the Capitol. We are satisfied 
also that the Register and his clerks are and have been during office 
hours, faithfully and assiduously engaged in the performance of their 
several duties. It is proper to add that, from the best information we 
can procure, it will be neceaaai-y to continue the present numberof clerks 
till the examination of the platts and certificates of surveys recorded by 
Maj'r William Price shall be completed. We are, however, informed 
that that will shortly be done, at which period the Raster will, no 
doubt, himself suggest the propriety of reducing the number of his 

John Gurbast, 
Al. McRar, 


Alex'b Stuart. 

Certificate of Richard Ratcliffe, J. P., that Daniel Gooding had made 
oath as to the death of William Stanhope, late Sheriff of Fairfax, and 
that Captain John Stanhope, son of deceased, said he died on the 15th 

Daniel Atherton to the Governor, 

Dec. 19, Acknowledging his appointment as assistant master armourer. Thought 

Riclimoud Richmond had many natural advantages, and had come to see what 

encouragement there wajs for an iron manufactory. Had visited Captain 

Clarke (whom he met in the North, the preceeding summer), and was 

exceedingly pleased with the manufactory of arms. 

December Certificate of Henry Bedinger, Clerk of County, that the Court recom- 
BerkeleyCo. mended Wm. Riddle for Coroner. 

Shcriif of Norfolk County, Dennis Dawlcy, Sheriff of 
lames McClemsey, Sheriff of Nansemond, and Scth Fos- 
of Norfolk Borough, certify that at an election held April 22d, 
lomas Newton was elected State Senator. 


Edward Lewis, Deputy of Robert Booth, Sheritf of Sussex, certifies i80l. 
that at election held April 22d, 1801, John Cargill and John R. Mason 
were elected members of the House of Del^ates. 

Bernard Lipscomb, Deputy for Isaac Quarles, Sheriff of King William, 
certifies that at an election held April 22d, 1801, Wm. Aylett and Wm. 
Gregory were elected members of the House of Del^:ates. 

Wm. Boon for Henry A. Ashton, Sheriff of King George; Robert 
Crutcher for James Prim, Sheriff of Stafford; and Armstrong McKenney 
for Samuel Templeman, Sheriff of Westmoreland , testify that on April 
22d, 18<)1, John Hungerford was elected member of the State Senate. 

The petition of Thomas Myers, a citizen of Lancaster county, to his 
Excellency James Monroe, Governor of the State of Virginia, sheweth 
unto 3'our Excellency that your petitioner being injured and aggrieved 
in his property by divers elopements of his slaves to the Northern States, 
especially to the States of New York and Pennsylvania, and whereas it 
may be expedient to reclaim the said slaves and bring them to a sense 
of their duty, and your petitioner being a private citizen and not know- 
ing in what manner rightly to proceed, or at least would wish to take 
such steps as your Excellency may think proper to sanction, that your 
petitioner by such a step imprudently adventured might perhaps bring 
himself in jeopardy and the attempt prove abortive. He therefore wishes 
letters of introduction . and obedience, that your . petitioner may be 
indemnified in the attempt, obtain his property, and save himself harm- 

Tho. Myers. 

Joseph Hale, for Geo. Trumbull, Sheriff of Franklin county; Micajah 
Clark, for John Morris, Sheriff of Campbell; William Hopkins, for Wil- 
liam Terry, Sheriff of Bedford; John Rowland, Jr., for John Wells, 
Sheriff of Henry; Wm. Banks, for Wm. Carter, Sheriff of Patrick; and 
James F. Johnson, for James Johnson, Sheriff of Pittsylvania, certify 
that on April 22d, 1801, George Penn was elected State Senator from the 
district composed of their respective counties. 


1801. A PcLckage of Tjetters of John Clarke Relating to tlie Construction of the 
Penitentiary House ^ the Building of the Public Warehonsey and the 
Building of the Manufactory of Ariati, the Procuring Artifirertt and outfit 
for the Scnney dr., Running Through the Year 1801, 

John ('larke and Geo. Williamson to the Governor. 

In compliance with the desire suggested in your letter addressed to us 
on the 20th ultimo, that we should examine the arms sent here b\^ Mr. 
McCormick and compare each several parcel with the pattern and report 
the same to you, we have opened all the boxes of arms (thirteen in 
number) at the Penitentiary, sent by Mr. McCormick, and compared each 
several parcel with the pattern, and report as follows, viz : 

They all appear to be of one (luality, consequently there does not 
appear to have been a failure in the latter parcels, as was suggested in 
your letter, above alluded to. On comparing the several parcels with the 
pattern, we find that altho' the materials of which these are made, appear 
to be of equal quality with the pattern, yet the workmanshij» has not 
been executed with as great a degree of neatness, polish, &c. (particularly 
the interior workmanship of the locks), as the pattern, which is the only 
difference we have discovered. 

We think the workmanship of these arms tolerably well executed, but 

it may be proper to notify Mr. McCormick that the workmanship of his 

arms has been more roughly executed than the workmanship of the 


We are, &c. 
January 7. 

^ John Clarke to the Governor. 

I received your letter of the 2Bth inst, respecting the removal of tlie 
Arms from the Point of Fork to Richmond, and a suitable deposit for 
them, and requesting me to examine the public buildings here, and report 
whether either of them are capable of furnishing such accommodation ; 
and if neither is, which can be put in that situation in tljc shortest time 
and at the least expense. 

Since the receipt of your letter, I have examined the public buildings, 
and am of opinion that neither of them will afford eligible accommoda- 
tion for the keeping of arms in the order usual at Arsenals. As work- 
men are and will be daily employed about every part of the Manufactory 
of Arms until its completion, when the manufacturing will be commenced, 
it puts that building out of the question for such a purpose. 

The apartments of the Penitentiary building, which are at present 
unoccupied, might at no great expense be put in a situation to keep arms. 


but the walls which are of considerable thickness having not long been isoi. 
erected, contain so much rooistore as to induce a fear that arms could 
not be kept therein secure from rust. I know from experience that the 
arms lately cleaned and stamped there, were uncommonly apt to rust. 
If it should be deemed proper to deposit the arms in those apartments 
of the Penitentiary, it will be necessary that windows be glazed, and the 
walls entirely ceiled with plank to prevent as far as possible any injury 
from the dampness of the walls. I suppose these apartments (which are 
at present in an unfinished state,) might be put in order in about three 
weeks, but how long these apartments can be spared for the purpose of 
keeping the arms, seems at present very uncertain. 

The garret of the Capitol cannot be made a fit place for the keeping of 
arms in order, without the admission of light and air, which would require 
that dormers or sky-lights should be made through the roof, and would 
be considerably more expensive than the preparation of the unoccupied 
rooms at the Penitentiary. 

I take this opportunity to observe that I think the security of the* 
Penitentiary building and the security of the arms kept there, requires 
that the gun powder now in that building should be removed. 

I am, &c. 
January 27. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Since my last communication to you on the subject of a fit place in 
which to deposit the arms intended to be brought from the Point of 
Fork to the City of Richmond, I have, with the Honorable Wm. Four- 
shee, reviewed the garret of the Capitol, in order to ascertain what prep- 
aration is requisite to put that apartment in a situation to receive the 
anns. Ujxm examination, we discovered that the light, which is admit- 
ted through the glass skylight in the roof — is prevented from illumi- 
nating the garret by |>erpendicular walls, which extend from the floor of 
the garret up to the skylight, forming a square about the size of the sky- 
light immediately above the dome, which is lighted from above. If 
these walls (which are of lath and plaster) were taken away and substi- 
lute<l (entirely) with glass doors, which may be occasionally opened on 
clear, dry days, Ac, it may probably afibrd sufficient light and air to the 
garret. 13ut if, after making this improvement (which appears to be 
ex|>edient in any event, if the arms are to be deposited in the garret), it 
should be found that a greater admission of light and air will be neces- 
sary, a window in each of the pediments of the roof may be made, the 
fonn of which should l>e the segment of a circle proportioned to the fonn 
of the pediment. Windows in that form would, I think, rather increase 
tliau diminish the beauty of the pediments and the building. They 


1801. need not, however, be made until it is ascertained that the improvement 
first above mentioned is insufficient for the introduction of light and air. 
If the Capitol, whose height is considerably greater than that of any 
other building in its neighlwrhood, should receive into its roof a consid- 
erable number of arms, it will cause additional attraction of lightning, 
which will, perhaps, make it necessar}' to add to the number of conduct- 
ors, or lightning rods, on the roof. This expense must be incurred, 
wherever the arms are deposited, in order to guard them against that 
potent and destructive element 

As it is contemplated that barracks are to be built for the Corps who 
are to guard the above mentioned arms, I take the liberty of mention- 
ing (from information given me by a person who resides at Rocketts) 
that the house near Rockettfi belonging to the Commonwealth, in which 
there was formerly an inspection of hemp, has not been for several years 
past occupied for that or any other purpose. This building being of no 
service to the Commonwealth, the inspection of hemp having ceased 
'there, and it being made of wood, is subject to destruction in various 
ways, being under the care or protection of no particular agent. If the 
Executive should deem it proper to have it removed, it might be fitted up 
and converted into barracks. It stands, as I am told, on a half-acre lot 
of ground belonging to the Commonwealth. The size of this house, I 
think (but it is from recollection only that I say it, not having seen it 
lately), is about 40 ft. long, 28 or 30 ft. wide and two stories in height 

I am, &c., 
>February 4th. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I have received your letter of the 9th inst requesting me to have the 
garret of the Capitol prepared as a depository for the arms which are to 
be brought from the Point of Fork to Richmond. Also that I should 
furnish a plan for a Tobacco Warehouse, to be built on the canal; and 
also that I should have the house near Rocketts, the property of the 
Commonwealth, removed to some suitable station for the accommodation 
of the guard which is to be raised, in which case I am desired to apply 
to you to designate the site on which it is to be placed. 

In conformity with your letter I have employed Mr. Anderson Barret, 
whose workmen are now engaged in making tlie necessary preparations 
in the garret of the Capitol. There being on the garret floor a considera- 
ble quantity of rubbish, consisting of old lime, mortar, brickbats, <fec., 
and some of the slate with which the roof was formerly covered (the 
removal of which being indispensably necessary), I wish to know w^here 
these articles are to be deposited when removed from thence. 

I should have furnished a plan for the Tobacco Warehouse for your 


examination to-day, but the badness of the weather for a few days past isoi. 
has prevented the Inspectors of Tobacco in the city of Richmond from 
coming to town, from whom I wished to be informed of the number of 
hogsheads annually sent to Richmond from the inspections above, so that 
the warehouse might be suited to the distinct or separate accommodation 
of the tobacco from each of the several upper inspections on James river. 
You will t)lea8e inform me as soon as convenient, of the particular spot 
on which the house which is to be removed from Rocketts is to stand. 

I am, &c. 
February 14. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I stated to you in a former communication, that the workmanship of 
the stone walls of the Manufactory of Arms was so badly executed by 
Mr. Ninian Wise and Mr. James Caniey, who built them, that it was 
necessary their defective work should be supported by abutments, arches, 
itc, and the additional work done by them being nearly finished, and 
they being (I believe) in want of their money that may be due to them, 
it is necessary that their accounts should be finally settled. I conceive 
it to be my duty to observe to you that in order to ascertain the balances 
which may be due to them, the walls originally intended to be built 
should be viewed by competent judges and such deductions for defects 
made from the prices stipulated in their contracts as the said judges shall 
deem just and proper, and that the value of the stone abutments, arches, 
ike, which have been built to support the defective original walls, should 
also be ascertained by said judges or referees, which would shew how 
much is due to them from the public. I think Nath'l Quarles and Jesse 
Bowles are as competent and disinterested judges as can be got in the 
neighborhood of Richmond, and it may, I think, be proper that a com- 
mittee of the Council and mvself should attend them. 

I have received your letter of the 18th inst. requesting me to have 
20()() stand of the arms from the Point of Fork stamped, and have spoken 
to (4eo. Williamson, the only person that I know of that would under- 
take that job. His terms are 4d. for stamping each niusket, and a laborer 
furnished to assist him in packing them. Or he will let his own son 
stamp them at 7s. 6d. per day. having his board furnished. 

I am, <fec. 
February 21. 

Moses Bates to the Governor. 

Proposals for furnishing bricks for Tobacco Warehouse at 3o8. per 
th(»usand. lime Is. 5d. per bushel; scafibld and sand, and laying same 
17s. i>er thousand. 


1801. Win. Cfile8 — Proposes to find sand and scaffolding and lay bricki? at 

18s. per thousand. Second offer to lay bricks at IGs. 6d. j)er thousand. 

Curtis Carter — Pro[)Oses to lay bricks at 20s. per thousand, furnishinfr 
scaffold and attendance, sand by public. Second offer to lay bricks at 
IBs. 6d. i)er thousand. 

John Spotswood Moore — Proposes to furnish brick at 8()s. per thousand ; 
lime at Is. (kl. per bushel. 

Randolph Minis — Proi)oses to lay bricks at 19s. per thousand. Second 
offer to lay bricks at 18s. \)eT thousand. 

March 28. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

As the State Manufactory of Anns will in all probability be ready to 
commence the making of arms at the end of the present year, I deem it 
proj)er to inform you that arrangements should now be made for procur- 
ing implements, materials, itc, for their manufacture. Such articles as 
vices, anvils, bellows, files, (Src, may. I conceive, be imported on better 
terms, and the workmanship will in all probability be better executed 
than they can be made and sold on in this country, where no such manu- 
facture is carried on. And as merchants are now about to send to Europe 
for goods for the ensuing Autunm, an opportunity offers by which those 
articles may be imported in proper time to commence the work. Sea- 
soned wood for gun stocks and other necessary materials, such as proper 
iron and steel, emory, itc, &i\, ttc, should also be provided. 

As these arrangements should be made by the person who is U^ Super- 
intend the works after their completion, it appears to be expedient that 
such Superintendent should now be ap]>ointed in order that those arrange- 
ments may be immediately made. 

As my superintendence of the Manufactory r)f Arms commenced before 
you came into the office of Chief Magistrate of this Commonwealth, it 
may not be improper to inform you that previous to the conmiencement 
of that establishment, I was requested by your predecessor Governor 
Wood, to examine and report my oj»inion of the most eligible situation 
in Richmond or it*^ vicinitv on which to establish a manufactorv of Arms, 
capable of the annual manufacture of four thousand stands. 

J accordingly after due examination, gave, a preference to the site on 
which the works are now erecting, and the better to enable me to form a 
C(»mj»lete j)Ian for the works, it was deemed j)roper by the honorable the 
Executive, that I should take a view of the several works of a similar 
kind in the Northern and Eastern Stiites. 

Soon aft:er my return from this tour, 1 drew, and presented to the Gov- 


emor and Council, a plan for the Manufactory of Arms, which was 1801. 
adopted in all ite parts and agreeably to which the works have progressed. 
On the adoption of the plan, I was informed by Governor Wood, that it 
was the. desire of himself and of the members of the Council, that I 
should Superintend the erection of the works, and enquired if I had any 
objection to it I informed him that I felt a great desire to carry my plan 
into full execution, but that the mere Superintendence of the works dur- 
ing their erection, would not justify such a sacrifice as I should be obliged 
to make in quitting the pursuits in which I was engaged : but that if it 
was contemplated that I should superintend the works after their com- 
pletion, I was willing to undertake the superintendence of their erection. 

Governor Wood replied that as the wprks were not begun, he thought 
it would be rather premature to appoint the person who should super- 
intend them after their completion; but he observed that it was his 
wish, and he believed the wish qf all the members of the Council also, 
that I should superintend the works after their completion. Upon which 
the members of the Council unanimously said that it was their wish that 
I should su|jerintend the works after their completion. With that pros- 
pect. in view, I informed them that I would undertake the superinten- 
dence of the works. I then retired from the Council chamber. At the 
rising of the Board I was informed that my salary was fixed at £300 pr. 
annum for superintending the manufactory of arms, to which £100 p. 
annum was added for superintending the Penitentiary building, where I 
had to supply the place of Mr. Latrobe, the former architect, and Mr. 
Callis, the former Superintendent, from that time, ancl on the terms above 
stated. I have conducted the public works not, I hope, without giving 
satisfaction to those who put me into that office. 

The former favorable opinion of the Executive with regard to the 
qualifications which they conceived I possessed for superintending the 
manufacture of arms after the completion of the works, is not, I trust, 
weakened by my part of my conduct since I engaged in the public busi- 
ness; and I further trust (if I have the appointment) that no exertions 
on my part will be wanting to meet their expectations. 

By the exertions which I have made from early youth to obtain such 
qualifications as might better my fortune and he of service to the com- 
munity, I have been led to hope for and expect encouragement from that 
community. In my present situation, and in that to which I look for- 
ward, the whole of my time (if I obtain the appointment), must necessa- 
rily be devoted to and fully occupied by official duties, which will put it 
out of my |^)Ower to derive advantage from any other pursuit. I therefore 
ho[>e that it will not be deemed unreasonable that I should expect a more 
adequate compensation than I have heretofore been allowed, which has 
only been equal to the support of my family, (in my present situation,) 
more especially as in the prosecution of the business in which I was occu- 



1801. pied previous to my engagement with the public (as is well known), I 
generally made from 7 to £900 pr. annum. 

I am, &c. 
April 17th. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

There not being in or about Richmond any persons who are profes- 
sionally painters and glaziers, I have lately got Messrs. David Holloway 
and Wm. McKim (who are as much in the habit of executing that kind 
of work as any persons in the city) to view the work done on the Capitol 
by Mr. C'harles Cox, for which hife account was lately presented for pay- 
ment to the Executive. The account and the opinion of these two re- 
ferees I enclose. 

I also enclose a letter which I received this morning from Mr. Thomas 
Whitelaw, whose proposals for building the walls of the juiblic tobacco 
warehouse were accepted by the Executive; but do not believe he has 
yet entered into any contract for that purpose. He w^ants an advance of 
money to enable him to prosecute the work. 

I have, &c. 
June 13th. 

Albemarle, 8th June, 1801. 
Mr. John Clarke: 

Dear Sir — It is through you I find, by Dr. Foushee, that all claims 
of a public nature relative ta the public buildings is brought forward to 
the Board. I therefore solicit the favor of you, as soon as possible after 
the receipt of this, to observe to the honorable gentlemen that it is custo- 
mary with me in all my engagements, where I find everything necessary 
for the completion thereof, to have a sum of money subject to my call 
equal to one-third of the whole amount. This is intended princijmlly 
for the purchase of pro\dsions ; this supposed third I wish only to be 
paid me by instalments, say $500 once in two months. I do not expect 
to be in Richmond sooner than the 22nd of this present month, when 1 
would be extremely favored }>y the receipt of the sum as before stated, 
and at the same time to have the foundations laid ofi* and dug out, that 
I may b^in to lay down stone for building the walls in the interim. 

I am, &c., 

Thomas Whitlaw. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

As I am to travel through some of the large commercial towns in the 
Northern States, I think it probable I might have it in my power to pur- 


chase the window glass, iron, pauit, lime, <fec., requisite for the two public 1801. 
buildings under my superintendence, on better terms than those articles 
can be bought for in any of the towns of this State. Upon this subject 
3'ou will be pleased to instruct me. 

With the aid of the additional light afforded by the window lately 
made in the south gable end of the Capitol, I discovered a few days ago 
that the shaft of the southernmost chimney, which passes through the 
roof of that building, was so much cracked near the floor of the garret 
as to induce apprehension that fire might by issuing through the cracks, 
communicate to the timbers of that floor, some of which were worked 
into the brick work of the shaft, which appears to have been incautiously 
planned and badly executed, and has actually given way since its erec- 
tion. As by its remaining in its present condition that great and 
expensive building may be destroyed, I have thought to mention this in 
order that the Executive, or the directors of the Capitol, if they find it 
expedient, may remedy the evil. 

I am, &c. 
June 20. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

As written articles of agreement are to be made with each artificer to 
be employed in our Manufactory of Arms, the number of contracts will 
be considerable, which makes it the more necessary that the form by 
which those contracts are to be drawn, should be an apj)roved one. The 
enclosed, which is respectfully submitted to your consideration, is per- 
haps less objectionable than the form which you saw on the evening 
before I left Richmond, from which it is varied in some respects. I send 
it for your inspection, in order that if it should not meet your approba- 
tion as it is, that it may be so modified as fully to answer your wishes 
and the public interest. My want of information in law matters makes 
me timid in forming of contracts, and induces me now to request that an 
unexceptionable form may be sent to me, as a small error in each of the 
many contracts to be drawn might be attended with weighty conse- 
quences. The artificers in several of the branches will be employed to 
work by the pieces (as it is usually termed, viz: so much for making a 
gun barrel, a lock, a stock, a bayonet, <Src.), and others in different 
branches will necessarily be employed on standing wages at a stated sum 
per month. After I obtain from you the form required, I shall vary the 
contracts as such circumstances occur, without deviation from the princi- 
ples of the form. 

The description of men of whom I am going in quest, are apt to make 
objections which however trifling they will adhere to, for which reason I 
am anxious to be prepared to meet their objections, and have to request 
information relative to the following circumstances should they occur. 


1801. The married artificers who will not live in the barracks of the Manu- 

factory, nor have their food dressed in the kitchen thereof, will probably 
prefer having the price of their rations in money; if so I suppose there 
will be no objection. Please to inform me on that point. — Agreed. 

Perhaps the artificers will not consent to a reimbursement of the money 
to be advanced to them by the Commonwealth for travelling expenses, as 
^ they may conceive that the time spent by them in travelling will be a 
sufficient sacrifice of interest on their part. Please to instruct me re- 
specting that if insisted on. 

I suppose it will be proper that the artificers should give security if 
they can, for the fulfilment of their contracts: if they do not give security 
I suppose that is not to be a bar to my contracting with them. On this 
subject you will also please to inform me. — Not material. 

I have waited here until now for the Frederick town Stage, wliich runs 
from this place only thrice a week. I intend to set out to-morrow morn- 
ing for Fredericktown ; from thence I go to Tanney Town ; from thence 
to Lancaster, (in quest of gunsmiths), and from thence to Philadelphia, 
to which place you will please forward your communications to me with 
directions to be left at the Post Office till called for. 

I have just returned from spending an afternoon with Mr. Jefferson, 
(to whom I delivered the letter which you gave me in charge). From 
him and from General Dearborn, I have collected information which may 
be of considerable service to the object of my tour. 

I am, (fee. 
July 6. 

M.'&M.lJb^ ^4 .ti *-= 1 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

In my rout through Maryland, I went to Tanney Town, had an inter- 
view with Mr. Thos. Gibson and examined the arms he offered for sale 
to our Executive. They are of indifferent qualit}', considerably inferior 
to those furnished by Mr. McCormick. He informed me his lowest price 
for them was twelve dollars per stand. I promised him I would inform 
you of his terms, and he will, I suppose, expect an answer from you; 
but as better arms may he purchased for a lower price, as 3^ou have been 
informed by Gen'l Shee, of this city, I would by no means recommend 
the purchase of them. 

Having travelled in quest of workmen to ever}' place in Maryland and 
Pennsylvania where I understood arms were manufactured, I had an 
opportunity of seeing specimens of their workmanship, and find that 
the arms manufactured in and about this city are generally of a quality 
superior to those I have seen elsewhere, the artists being generally more 
skillful. I have received many verbal proposals for making the four 
tfaooauid stands of arms advertised by me for our State, but the terms 


which Genl Shee informed you of being lower than any I have received, i80l. 
and the work in all probability much better executed, I think it unneo- 
ess?ary to trouble you with them. The workmen at several manufecto- 
ries informed me they intended to make proposals for furnishing those 
amis, but required some time to decide on the terms. I infonned them 
that when their proposals were made out they might address them to 
Gen'l Shee, who would forward them to Richmond ; and on my arrival 
here I found that Gen'l Shee had received and forwarded to vou several 
of their proposals. Some of the workmen informed nie they intendetl 
to go to Richmond, and I have been informed that some of tlieni are now 
there. A Mr. Miles, of this city, who purchased McCormick's imple- 
ments, materials and unfinished work at a very low price. I understand, 
is now with you. On account of that advantageous purchase, I expect 
he would undertake them at a lower price than any other applicant. I 
have seen a considerable number of Gunsmiths in my tour through 
Maryland and Pennsylvania, but would make no contract with them, as 
I hoi>e to meet with as good, or better workmen and on better terms in 
the E^astem States. I suppose about twenty gunsmiths might be got 
here; but as I know their terms, shall first see if I cannot procure them 
of equal skill and on more advantageous terms to the Eastward. There 
is a man here by the name of Haslett who was brought by McCk)rmick 
from Ireland. He has had the chief management of McCormick's man- 
ufactory, and wishes to be employed at the Virginia Manufactory as 
under Master Armourer. He shewed me some specimens of his work, 
with which I was much pleased. Gen'l Shee recommended him highly, 
both aa a skillful artist and as a good citizen. The workmen who form- 
erly worked at McCormick's Manufactory are much attached to him. 

At manufactories of arms on a large scale, there is, besides the princi- 
pal agent or superintendent, a master armourer, whose duty it is to go 
around to the workmen employed in each several department to instruct 
them and work with them in each branch as occasion may require, so as 
to have the work well and expeditiously executed. For this purpose I 
expect Mr. Geo. Williamson will be employed in our works, he being an 
excellent gunsmith and a citizen of our State. But I think it probable 
that when we get fully into operation in all the branches at our works, 
the awkwardness of inex}>erienced men may make it necessary that more 
than one master armourer should be emploj^ed; but as that will depend 
on the skill of the workmen employed, it cannot now be known whether 
such a person will be necessary to assist Mr. Williamson, if he should be 

Mr. Haslett's terms are fifteen dollars per week and his rations found. 
In the hope of being employed in our manufactory he wishes to make 
six hundred stands of arms for our State, to keep him employed until our 
works are ready for operation. He has spoken to Gen. Shee and myself 


1801. on that subject, and Gen. Shee requests me to write to you for information 
whether, if Mr. Haslett will make the six hundred stands, which he pro- 
poses to do on the same terms upon which you contract for all the rest 
advertised for, he might not be employed to make them. He promises 
in the event of being employed to make them, that not a stand shall be 
inferior to the model for the McCormick arms, which model was made 
by his own hands. If he gets that employment we may hereafter have 
it in our power to employ him, if his assistance shall be required. On 
this subject you will please inform Gen. Shee. as I do not expect to return 
here in less than three or four weeks. 

Should you think proper to give Mr. Haslett the employment he de- 
sires, he will afford employment to workmen lately discharged from 
McCormick's works, who for want of employment may soon be widely 
dispersed and so engaged that they cannot be had when our works require 
them ; or they may be engaged by the person who undertakes the supply 
of arms advertised for by our State, in which case they perhaps could 
not leave that employment until the completion of the contract made by 
their employer, which may prevent our getting them when we want 
them. I have seen those artificers; they are willing to go immediately 
to Richmond on the terms on which they were employed by McCormick, 
but having at present no employment, they cannot remain here without 
it until our works are ready for them. I have made no other promise 
to them than if I could not get other workmen in the Eastern States 
equally skillful on lower terms, I would contract with them on my return 
to this city. 

I have received several verbal proposals in different places, for furnish- 
ing the thousand cavalry swords advertised by me for our State, and 
have seen specimens of workmanship of the proposers. The two best 
specimens and on the lowest terms, were exhibited by a Mr. Rose and by 
a Mr. Goodman, both of the vicinity of this city. They have shown me 
swords of several kinds; the sword with the double-fluted blade, which 
is three feet in length, with a half-basket hilt, is mentioned in Mr. Rose's 
proposal, which I enclose, and I think deserves the preference. Mr. Good- 
man intends to make out his j)roposals in a day or two and carry them 
to Gen. Shee to be forwarded to you, as I shall not be here at the time. 
I informed them that they ought to go to Richmond, where they might 
exhibit the models by which they would make them and see whatever 
model you may be inclined to adopt; but they have great aversion t<i 
taking so long a journey upon uncertainty. 

I am much disappointed in my expectation of purchasing to advan- 
tage the bar iron, lime, and window glass necessary for the two public 
buildings under my superintendence. The scarcity of iron here has 
seldom been equaled, owing it is said, to the obstructions in the commerce 
q£ those countries which formerly afforded supplies of that article, par- 


ticularly Sweeden. I am well informed that not more than five or six igoi. 
tons can be found in this city, and the price of that is £50 per ton, which 
is £40 our own currency, besides the freight, &c., to Richmond. This 
price appears ver}' high when it is recollected that most of the iron used 
in the grates in the Penitentiary I purchased in Richmond for £36 per 
ton. The price of lime and window glass arc full as high here as at 
Richmond, and in order to get a sufficient quantity of lime to ship for 
our purj>oses, it would be necessary to wait here at least three weeks and 
purchase it from the wagons as it is brought to the city (for if it is pur- 
chaser! of those who are here called lime merchants, nearly a double price 
must be given), then purchase barrels and have it put up in order to 

Should I have an opportunity at New York or Boston to purchase 
those articles to advantage, I shall do so, but as the masters of vessels in 
those [)orts are much in the habit of freighting their vessels with bar iron 
and lime, (when no better employment offers) for the markets in the 
lM)rt6 to the southward, only expecting to clear the freight and not meet'- 
ing with an opi>ortunity of selling oft' immediately on their arrival there, 
thev are sometimes induced to sell on lower terms there than those on 
which they purchased, on which account we have frequently bought lime 
at Rocketts lower than it sold for where it was shipped. I have written 
to Mr. Prosser my assistant not to rely on any purchase I may make 
before my return to Richmond, but to attend to the arrivals at Rocketts 
of vessels from this and the t>orts to the eastward. 

There are several founders of bells in this city, whose work I have 
examined, but which I do not prefer to John Taylor's in Richmond, and 
as their price \4z, half a dollar for w't, is the same as requird by Mr. Tay- 
lor for furnishing three bells for our public buildings, I would advise 
that he should be employed to make them, provided I cannot get them 
on better terms in New York. 

I have spent a part of several days in the State Prison or Penitentiary 
House at this place, and obtained all the information in my i)Ower respect- 
ing the regulation and government thereof. When I visit the one at New 
York, I shall be able to decide which is the best conducted; but it is i)re- 
sumable that our Penitentiary may derive considerable benefit from the 
adoi)tion of some of the discipline and economy of them both. 

Since the receipt of your letter of the 12th inst., which I received the 
(lay before yesterday, I have conversed with Gen'l Shec respecting the 
commission for his services in proving, inspecting and forwarding the 
arms to Richmond. He says that when GenT Mason first spoke to him 
on the subject, he was a stranger to the business, having then no knowl- 
edge of the trouble and attention nei^essary. He observed that it was a 
delicate thing (which related to his own interest) to hint at the inade- 
quacy of the compensation ; that rather than the Executive of our State 


1801. should think him unreasonable, he would cheerfullv do the business with- 
out coinpensation, but that he really thought four per cent, but a reason- 
able and just compensation. From the inquiries I have made here respect- 
ing the compensation given for services nearly similar, I am induced to 
think that his ought to be augmented. 

I am sorry to inform you that the Garden Glasses which you desired 
me to procure for you cannot be got at this place. The glass miuiufac- 
tory here is not now carried on, and those articles cannot be procured 
from the merchants of this city. I shall endeavor to get them at New 
York or Boston. I tind that the business in which I am engaged w411 
require a greater length of time than I was first aware of. Such artists 
as I wish ti employ are not to be found in considerable numbers at any 
one place, but being widely dispersed, requires much time in travelling 
to see them. Having left every necessary direction for the public build- 
ings under my superintendence, 1 Hatter myself with the hope that they 
are going on prosperously ; but notwithstanding my desire to return as 
speedily as possible, 1 shall not set my face toward Richmond until 1 
have made every exertion in my power to advantageously accomplish 
the object of my mission. 

T am, (fee. 
Philadelphia, July 23. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I find but few gunsmiths in or about this city, and they are only such 
as rei)air fowling pieces and are not inclined to remove to Richmond. I 
shall set out from hence to day for the eastward, and mean to travel to 
every j)lace where 1 find a prospect of getting artificers for our works. 

I expect bar iron may now be bought in Richmond cheaper than at 
this i)lace: the price here is eight dollars per cwt., which is £48 our cur- 
rency, not to mention the freight and the danger of seas. Window glass 
is fifteen <lollars per box, which is a higher price than usual at Richmond, 
and lime Ciumot be procured here. I have written to Geo. Prosser to 
inform me of the prices of those articles at Richmond, and shall act 
accordingly as 1 find it to be to the interest of the public. 

ThiTe are a few bell founders in New York. The price for their work 
is half a dollar per pound, but their work is in so little repute, that the 
pei»j)le here imjiort fn>m Europe all the bells for their public buildings. 

1 have spent a day at the State prison here, and obtained all the infor- 
mation I could get there. I was much pleased with its regulations and 
ec(momy, for which I think it rather preferable to the one at Philadelphia, 
and certainlv deserves to be imitated bv our own Penitentiarv. I shall 
not attempt a detail in writing of all the regulations, »S:c., proper to be 
adopted in our institution until my return, as it would be both too tedious 


and voluminous in my present circumstances. The application of heat 1801. 
to the culinary aparatus in the kitchens of this prison, is taken I find, 
from the Count of Rumford's writings on the subject of saving fuel. 
Very little heat is suffered to escape in its application to the boilers, 
which lessens considerably the expense of fuel ; the boilers are quite of 
the common kind, and -the improvement lies entirely in the brick w^ork 
in whiah the boilers are fixed, which is so constructed that by means of 
flues the heat is conveyed all around the surface of the boilers in a spiral 

The boilers are large iron pots which contain from 80 to 100 gallons 
each. These I suppose may be had in Richmond. I have written to 
Geo. Prosser to inform me if they can be bought in Richmond. If they 
cannot, when I return to Philadelphia I will procure them there, and on 
mv return to Richmond, will endeavor to have the brick work executed 
on the most approved plan. 

I am sorr>' to inform you that I find it impossible to procure any gar- 
den glasses here. I have nothing further to communicate at present, 
only that the inhabitants of New York are very healthy and entertain 
no apprehension of the yellow fever. Their political sentiments here as 
well as in New Jersey seem to have undergone a complete change since 
I was here in the year 1798. 

I am, &c. 
Jan. 27, New York Gty. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Having bwii called on by the Honorable Executive to form the plan 
and conduct the erection of the Virginia Manufactory of Arms and to 
engage the artificers who are to be emj)loyed therein, and being appointed 
by them to superintend the works when they get into operation, I sensi- 
bly feel the weight of duty attached to the important trusts which are 
confided to nic, and that the success of that establishment depends much 
on the faithful discharge of my duty in these several capacities. To 
ijieet the pu})lic expectation and promote the public good, all my pow- 
ers have and shall continue to be exerted. The erection of a permanent 
Manufactory of arms in the heart of our State must afford much satis- 
faction U) all good Virginians, and is surely one of the most necessary 
esta})lishment8 ever yet undertaken by our country by which our Militia 
may, at a cheap rate, be supplied with arms manufactured by our own 
citizens from the materials with which nature has furnished us in great 
abundance, without relying, as formerly, on foreign countries for our 
means of defence; for which large sums of money were given to Euro- 
pean Artists while the American Manufacturer was neglected and the 

art of making arms, which should have received the greatest public 



1801. patronage in a country like ours, met with so little encouragement that, 
until of late, we seldom found an artist in that line whose interest pro- 
moted him to follow the profession. 

To one who having had the agency of our works from their commence- 
ment (which when completed will, I flatter myself, be superior U) any 
establishment of its kind in America), the proa})ect is doubly interest- 
ing. The discretionary powers which were necessarily given to me for 
the purjiose of engaging the Artists for our Manufactory require<l my 
utmost exertions to procure the most skillful men and on the cheapest 
terms possible, and made it necessary that I should travel to all places 
in the United States which afforded a prospect of success. And it being 
presumable that in our works a great number of young Virginians will 
be taught the art of making arms, whose information must be derived 
from the experienced workmen, and whose minds will by habit receive 
a bias from them, it is an object of great imiwrtance, and one which has 
called forth my most earnest care and attention, that none but the best 
artificers and those of the most unexceptionable and exemplary charac- 
ters should be employed in our works. For the attainment of those 
desirable objects, I have visited every manufactory of arms of any mag- 
nitude in the United States, which were chiefly established, lying between 
this city and Boston. In performing this tour, an opportunity has been 
afforded me not only of examining specimens of their work, but like- 
wise of learning the true characters of the Artists as citizens, and of 
employing them on cheaper terms than I otherwise could, and by con- 
versing with them I was generally so fortunate as to completely remove 
their prejudices against our climate. If I had have remained at Rich- 
mond and advertised for gunsmiths, it is more than probable I should 
only have obtained the most indifferent workmen, who could not get 
employment at other works, and who would probably have required 
higher wages than I have agreed to give for the best artists. The United 
States and several of the individual States, having within the last three 
years engaged the making of a con.*<iderable number of arms, many 
small manufactories for that purpose have been erected in various part,'^ 
of the Northern and Eastern States for the individuals who undertook 
to manufacture them; and it being both my duty and inclination to 
employ the best artists and on the best terms in my power, I resolved 
not to return until I had made every exertion in my power to effect the 
object of my mission to advantage, (H)nse<]uently much more of my time 
has been taken in travelling to those manufactories than I at first expected- 
1 returned from this tour on the loth inst., and am happy to inform you 
that my endeavors have been successful. I have engaged sixty-eight 
artificers for the several branches of manufacture of arms. Six others 
have written to me, since my arrival here, that they have, since I left 
them, concluded to come to our works. 

caoKsay^ cff fTTATs: risn^ 5m.^ 

'Jh^ Mi'iiilHi.if> I ham: f ifB gfi i wer^ 7«cmf!iilKrlT j g l a ff tws b> rtv tW^r 
ulE '&M- wmfe ic ihf- f^nrt^ero md SaMerri t^khsl and «.^.. 1 heh<n%. ||^ 
•s^ciDfiii flEDi incNscriffiDF meoisnit^ Jb^ sut- iff ik^ kmH ir tiv rnvi^^r. 
Hj ribtflca ^eiii!r tr* fvtmur the* iifi^ wmirmivi ivt. tht «'^h^«aiv>4: 
I TBNilvcd li* Tiah ml] thf- numniicijfTw^ snd ^^ef all thr jiTlilv«n7s m 

I fiHZttd Hif* vwEF iff -fmek ntm-: ]f%iPt>r hi Ma^^smchorwOs jom 1i)wk- 
I«^KDd lahsii in florr cHher fff thf^ ^^teicsv 1 tlMmmrv mu!we^ ir. th^^^ 
r^^ioe^ jJ] tbe wfifkmflL of tiit deimd drscnioifin 3 rvmld. an^ ad iri\ 

isf^na&d Hf "UI iij 'tbor inaccF ixthn- liucD urn hi -nmid/orfid m^bcv) 1 
k£k«zi*Hd liiaik €jf ^K- lp«r ^lecBK^ csi wfak^ I bad ahm^ fmcac^d s»)hib:r 

dsbt vntknea wmr jum HBtn^dwcid V<t Mr. HasdA3 $0. f%ilad«Sfi^iii ifri ih^ 
tDMMsoAcDBTt <d tht 4MC> iOKod of anu*^ iii)d<!ruik«j bv htm ^h-^r il)i«: :^iaii^ 
at tike vciffe a^idk were ifiniterhr Mr Ik^VtniiLik^^^ T%e cnea^M- i)X)9ft- 
ber of these laenasc-uirnsfd' Inluftd: sffmefC tbemareiVtii^^vlvaniaii^k 
I e ngaged ifaeai at tl»e maot raiec midcik Mr. HasdftQ i< iKvir cfivira tfc e m . 
which are radker kyiner titm ti»e ira^e^ ^^rawrlv ci^^t) v> t))^»9ii hv Mr. 
McC*<[>niiick. Afl li»e <:dbef« fd tbe TUir-cvriit I «f)cae«e^ iii thi^ X<^ 
£n^}aod ^^aiiesi tber art ikad^ne Asimaufts. aod tlmr "vru^eiS are lather 
lover than thotse I enewed in and abocit P1iUadelph». Ab«>Dl half th^ 
nomber of the Xev Eneland aitiiioef^ <«ht>«1 Ji|>|>remk>e$hi|> in th^ 
SpringfieM mano&ctDrr of anus, and ahmit half of whom ai>e native of 

A Mr. Heniy FoxalL who saperintefided the Esurte W orksk ^M) th^ 
ScuylekilL near Philadelphia, lor RHinding of caiiiKM). ^.. aiKl wa$ a 
partner of Mr. Robert Morris in that R>undry, ha« lately coittraot^l with 
the Secretary of War to make canmMi for the United Stat«^ for whhoh 
purpose he has lately built a foundry near the city of Wa^hingtonx tind 
has removed his family to Geoi^ Town. I vi^iteil the Kft^scle Work* 
while I was in Philadelphia in the year 17ti>8, aiul became ai\|U<iiiUt(Hl 
with Mr. Foxall. I was much pleased with his arrangeiueuK and with 
the quality of the cannon made there, which were much su|>erior to any 
of the iron guns made at the other foundries I visited. From \\\» grent 
experience, he has made very considerable improvements in the urt of 
making ordnance, and is acknowledged by the best judges to undert^tand 
that business better than anv man in America. 

Conceiving it to be an object of considerable importance that the 
foundry in our works should be benefitted by Mr. FoxalPs iiu))rovtnntMits, 
I spoke to him when at his works at (leorgetown, on my nHurn bonus 
relative to the introduction of his improvements into our works, lln Is 
willing to come to Richmond for a few dayn for that purpcmt*, nhould the 
Executive think proper to require it. 


1801. As a material part of his iinprovements are in the construction of the 

furnaces withhi the foundry house, and the proper arrangements for 
refining the mettle, he thinks it would be best that he should come im- 
mediately if required, in order that tlie brick work, &c., of the furniues 
of tlie foundry may be carried up with the foundry house, and as I intend 
to have that house begun in a very short time, and as I tliink it higldy 
proper that we should avail our works of those improvements, I takt* 
the lil>erty of advising that he should come for a few days befon» our 
foundry house is begun. It may V)e proper to observe that a compensation 
will l>e expected by^Mr. Foxall for the introduction of his improvements 
in our works, and as a few^ workmen will be required when our foundry 
is got into oj>eration, he will be the most pro^Kir person to procure* good 
workmen for our purpose. 

I send enclosed the laws regulating reports, &c., respecting the State 
prisons at Philadelphia and New York. I have been much hurried sinc^v 
my return, but as soon as I have a little leisure I mean to put on pa|»er 
some observations which I have made relative to the government of those 
prisons, which may, perhaps, be serviceable to the Keeper of our Peni- 
tentiary. I have engaged at Philadelphia the Ixiilers, cast-iron grates, 
and the wrought-iron work necessary for culinary apparatus requireil for 
our Penitentiary by the inspectors thereof, which when completed, will 
be of identical dimensions and construction of those in the prison at 
l*hiladeli)hia; they are by this time, I expect, nearly ready to be shipptMl. 

The great number of convicts in the State prisons at Pliiladelphia and 
New York has made it necessary that the principal Keeper of each of 
those jails should have four discreet assistant Keepers, it being imi>ossi- 
ble for the principal Kee[)er to sui>ervise the whole business with that 
particular attention which is absolutely necessary for the government of 
dissolute and perverse men, to keep them at their employment, and pre- 
vent their esca|)e, for which last purpose a guard is kept through the 
night by the assistiint Keepers, who continually walk the rounds and 
relieve each other every two hours, when a bell is tolled for the purpose, 
which must be infinitely preferable to a guard of unj)rincipled soldiers, 
on whom bribery might be practiced with success. A Mr. Philip Edwards 
is the princii)al Keeper of the State Prison at J^hiladelj)hia; he has two 
brothers who act as assistant Keejicrs under him; they have had six or 
seven years experience in the management of that prison; they perfectly 
understand the routine of duty necessary to be peribrmed, and are well 
recommended as being well qualified for the purpose. As tlie number 
of prisoners increase in our Penitentiary (and 1 fear we may calculate 
upon a rapid augmentation; it will evidently be necessary that the Keep- 
ers should have assistants, and when such a.ssistants are employed, those 
who are well acquainted with the requisite duties should be preferred. 
Presuming that our Penitentiary might derive considerable benefit from 


the ioiprovemenis made by lengthy experience in oilier similar institu- isoi. 

lions bv the introduction of such a man, I hope Mr. Joseph Eihvards, 

who is highly s|H>ken of by tlie InsiHX'tors of that establishment, and a 

brother of the Princi(uil Keeper alx^ve mentiomnU res|H»ctin>j his engagt^ 

ment in our Penitentiary in the ca|Munty of under Kot>per, provided his 

services should be re<]uired. lie, after delil^erating some days on the 

subject, infonued me that he was willing to engage in tliat capacity for 

four hundred dollars per annum antl his boanl found by the public, or 

six hundred dollars }>er annum if ho lx)ards Inmself. 

H having bi»en re<{uire<l of me to visit those institutions in order to 

make observations, I respectfully submit to your consiilcmtien whether 

it would not be much more beneticial U) our Penitentiary that such a 

man as I have described should he. employed to assist tiic Ket^^er thenH)f, 

than both the young, inexperienced men who are now t»mployed to assist 

Mr. Minis. 

1 am, Arc. 
Sept. 25. 

John Clarke to the (Governor. 

I have received your letter of the \2ih inst. enclosing sundry papers 
respecting a delay in the progress of the public buildings at Richmond 
while I was gone to the North in quest of Gunsmiths, and requesting 
me to examine accurately into the transaction and report to you whether 
there was an actual failure, the cause of it if it existed, and the probable 
injury resulting therefrom to the Commonwealth ; and that my report 
might be correct, it would be proper for me, in making the cntpiiry, to 
give the ])arties concerned, notice of the time and place, that they might 
hv present, if they should think fit to make such explanations as the 
case admitted. 

In order to make an accurate rei)ort, I examined the contnicts for fur- 
nishing bricks and lime and also the contracts for laying bricks in both 
the Manufactory of Arms and the Penitentiary, and called upon Messrs. 
Quarles and Jiowles (who usually count the bricks laid in those build- 
ings) to count and ascertain the number furnished for each of them in 
the present year. Mr. Howies being absent in the coimtry, William Raw- 
leigh was substituted in his place and acted with Mr. Quarles. In 
compliance with the contracts for supplying the bricks and lime, (V)l. 
John Harvie was bound to furnish for each of the above buildings 150 
thousand, g<M><l, hard-burnt bricks, and a sufficient quantity of good lime 
for working them, in each of the months following, viz: May, June, July, 
August, September and October. So that, strictly complying with his con- 
tracts in the monthly supply of 150 thousand bricks as aforesaid, he would 
have furnished 750 thousand for each of the buildings at the end of last 



1801. month. But Messrs. Quarles and Rawleigh, who yesterday counting the 
bricks in both the buildings, Report that the whole number furnished 
and laid in the walls of the Manufactory of Arms this year, is 558,502 
bricks, liesides 12,430 which were carried from the kilns for the Manu- 
fnotory of Arms, to build the walls of the Barracks — making the whole 
number furnished at the Manufactory of Arms in the present year, to be 
570,932, which is 179,068 short of a strict compliance with his contract 
Ui furnisK bricks for that building. 

Messrs. Quarles and Rawleigh also report the number of bricks fur- 
nished and laid at the Penitentiary in the present year, to be 293.279, 
besides 81,(X)7 which were carried from thence to build the walls of the 
Barracks, making in all 374,286 furnished for that building in the pres- 
ent year, which shows a deficiency of 375,732 bricks, that by a strict 
compliance with the contract, should have been famished by the end of 
last month for the Penitentiary. 

Col. Harvie states that the bricklayers were furnished with bricks and 
lime so as to keep them employed ; that it was in his power easily to 
have supplied bricks in greater numbers if they had been required, but 
that he never heard a complaint for want of bricks. To prove this state- 
ment, he has adduced the testimony on oath of Theoderick Massie and 
James Ratcliff. 

Mr. Martin Mims (who entered into contract to lay the bricks at the 
Penitentiary before I had the Superintendence of that building), is not 
l>ound to lay a definite number in any given time. He states that he com- 
menceil the laying of bricks early in the present season, and continued 
it as long as there were any bricks to work, and was then under the 
necessity of dismissing bis workmen for want of employment That as 
siRUi as a small supply was again got ready, he collected his workmen 
and laid them in the walls, and after waiting ten days, was compelled again 
to discharge them for want of work : that for want of a sufficient sup- 
ply of bricks in the early part of the season, being obliged to discharge 
his hands who engaged themselves elsewhere, he could not afWrwards 
procure a sufficient number of them to go on with the work extensively. 
To prove the truth o( this statement, he has introduced the testimony on 
Ottth of Joseph Kimbrough and John Winston. 

Benjamin Haley who is engaged in laying bricks at the Manu&ctor\' 
of Anns, states that he had engager! a sufficient number of workmen for 
the purpu?e. at the commencement of the year, to go on with the work 
extensively, but tliat having much sickness among his workmen and 
laborers be could not (^Kissibly keep so great a number employed as he 
had intended, and aikluces the testimony of Ck^holm Austin oa oath, 
and o( Miles Tur|Hn in suppi>rt i>i his statement. 

Having bad a meeting of the i^artieis concerned agreeably to your 
re4uet«t« and collected all the infonuation I c^HiId gain Qpoo the subject 
I have to report to you as follows, vtx: 


That mU tbebfidcs vbkii«'eKic»^fci3misiMidii»d«T;^ 1^^ 

for sapi^ie^ ci thai amde lc«- libe 2VsDH<!ciua3T. inei^ %o hf hmm)^ m tK^ 
present seaaoo exftfA tbe mBxauat «f a knln nuMk It^ voir. mi))oh «v:nr 
intended to oMnmcnte llie Iatbibi: this sptii^, Joid a oi?«i9i^d«niM« }>Ait <si 
that remnant being tiken to hfsaid liie iralk of the^ lUrmok^ R^sfc^v^ 4i 
sufficient supply of fancks oMaM he m»dk thi< spiini^. iIk^ biidkb^^crs 4i9 
the PenilentiaiT 4in April ? w<«i^«d the few that were tlvefv i«to the >^^l?^ 
of that boildii^ and being dismissedl by th«ir ein|4L\ver in the f«riy )^f1 
of the briddayin^ seasoQ for want <!^ materials^ they etigMCxl theiii«iol\x>is 
to other employers: and the s«a;9(>n ^>r laying l^^ing ci^v^ienUJv 
advanced before a sufficient supply of bricks &>r many worknK^t >t^^;ii$ l\ir- 
nished, the undertaker of the laying oi>u]d not pix)cure in or aboul Rich- 
mond as many woikmen as was intended to be kept em|4oyed. 

And Col. Harvie, conceiving that all that was n^juisito i>n his |HUt% 

would be the deliverv of bricks as tliev were called for bv the under- 

• « » 

taker of the laying or his workmen, was govemeil in his siipplif>s by the 
number of workmen Mr. Mims kept employed. 

As to the delay of the brick work of the Manufactory of Anns, \\ 
appears by the enclosed papers and from the best information I can i'«>l- 
lect, that both the making and laying of bricks at this building wtis 
retarded by sickness among the people employed. 

As superintendent of those buildings, I regret that the brick work hrt» 
made no greater progress in the present season. 1, however, do not con- 
ceive that any real injury will result to the Connnonwcalth (nm\ the 
delay. The brick work of all the rooms of the Penitentiary intended lor 
the confinement of crimipals is finished, and the brick work of all the 
Apartments of the Manufactory of Arms intended for the Mannjnctinr 
of Small Amis is also finished. 

There are now about 70,989 burnt bricks, and 285,9C)U unhurnt nt the 

Penitentiary, and about 39,480 burnt and 271,178 unhurnt bricks for the 

Manufactory of Arms. 

I am, <&c. 
October 18. 

John Clark to Henry Foxall. 

As soon as I saw the Governor after my return from fieorgc^town, I 
suggested to him the propriety of getting you to introdtK'e your improve- 
ments in the art of making cannon into our works at thin plac4!, which 
he communicated to the Council. They are desirous that your improve- 
raents should be adopted by us, and wish to know what the cxpen^i' of 
your coming here and giving the necessary directions, A/:,, will \m. 1 
hinted that I supposed you would leave tliat mattei to thdr tUn'lHiotu 
The Governor obeerved that as they could fonn no idea of the rerpiiMi^ 


1801. compensation, and from motives of delicacy it would be better that the 
members of the Executive ('ouncil should be informed upon that subject, 
I have, therefore, to retjuest you to let me know as soon as i)OS8ible 
what your terms will be, that I may inform them thereof. 

1 am, &c. 
Oct. 30. 

Columbia Foundry, Nov. 9th^ 1801. 

Dear Sir — I received your favor of the 3()th ult. In reply have to 
observe : 

I have already informed you that it would give me great pleasure to 
render every assistance in my power to the furtherance and completion 
of such a laudable and useful establishment on the most improved and 
eligible plan. 

My present concerns in Philadelphia Keep tryst Furnace and at this 
place call for (I may say) all my time, and is sufficient to engross well 
nigh all my attention. Nevertheless, I would most cheerfiilly appropriate 
as much time as would be necessary U) come down and lay out the works 
and get for you such hands as should be able with judgment and pro- 
priety to carry them on. This ]»art of the business will be, I dare say, 
somewhat difficult, but not so difficult 1 hope but they may be procured. 
The more difficult part of the Boring Mill, together with the intricate 
parts of the machinery, will call for my particular attention, and oblige 
me to be present. Conse<]uently I shall be under the unavoidable neces- 
sity of visiting you several times. 

Respecting the compensation for my direction and trouble, it is what 
I expected to have left wholly to them to determine, not doubting but 
they would have met my expectations on the occasion; but as it is his 
Kx(*ellency's wnsh that the sum should be made definite, I beg leave to 
state, sir, that my traveling and oth(»r expenses being attended to, I shall 
after the works are in operation, should they (which I have no doubt 
they will) meet with projier ai>i)rol)ation, feel myself justified in saying 
my compensation sluvll be one thousand dollars. Notwithstanding 
which, I shall then, with the most perfect deference to their decision, 
receive leijs if they should (which I am willing to ris<iue) think me 
extnivagant in my charge. 

I am, ^v. 

Henry Foxall. 
Mr. .lohn Clarke. 

•John Clarke to James Byers. 

1 rece'd last evening your favor of the 2()th inst., which informs me 
that my letter to Col. Joseph Williams was delivered to him, and of your 


boMS Una I iAa£ w* W fiiiMiiiMiiiiiil ib vkte Anatier? ir<-aB ^«l^ialt- liwa. 

remark azsx imf ^Ksnais v^adk fvidb Be&OMif^ cvMkiCt attT vaoiari. 

are in d-^ul^. kt ivme ^ iJkmie m^ta&m flifiB w^ fiKiMas^ tbe cvniMnxip 
«if the adicR. cHBie juDd ^t- ibe iCMie «f ikiw« mttd misxwm liir i«$iL I 
thank v<«ii $jc ti*e ■iiiBiiff'KMa cioatawd in i\wr ift3cr. juwl laiv^ i(% 
request toq ic« cu«]izndks anj Fgf f nmiiiiiong to the aitinciers mlucia JiffKuur 
to be €iise- 

I aoLJrcL 


J<>as C1.ABKK roi 0>L. Jci&Epa Wnxi 

I reKHeired y<*Qr fri^ndlT ktter of the dMi in§4^ and Imkler tk¥D mT 
thanks i*r the tiMQlj^e j^m hare tak«n to oU^ me. I am fnwnr to find 
that in^noauon? I^r^odinal to mr snocciS in ppocnrii^ Aimoofv^^ in 
roar qoartier. are mairle Kj fc^ne |:iev^ioo« there who not onhr deeerre the 
apithet of l-einc hr4h oneaodid and onliieiMUT, hot aie artoat^d br 
in«>tiTer^ di«hoiK'ral:4e to thaueelTes and greallT iiytinons: to the basinet 
io which I am ensised. 

The workmen. I hope. wOl understand that those insumatiMis aie 
intend<ed to n)l4ead an<i d^ceire them, and theielme will not. 1 tnt^^ 
receire impresiFiofk§ fr(jm mi$ie{»resentmtion9 cadcnlaled to prejudice their 

Yoo inioiTu me that f/<*L fhr has suggested to voa that he was 
infoTuied that a certain Wm. B. Watsoo, who has been en) ployed at that 
|io^ BS a clerk to the «a|iennteiK]«nt had engaged him^f with me to be 
employed in our Factory: that, as he is a Terr obnoxioas cfaanMrter to 
the workmen at Springfield, it will prerent a number of good characteis 
engapn^ thenwelvess with me, and that CoL Orr oonoeives ^it will be 
neeescsar*- that the tnith of thi< fact should be known there,'' 

In reply I have to inibrm you that the report has not the shadow of 
foundation: that I never had an idea of employii^ him for any purpose. 
nor in any way or manner whatever. This I request you, my friend. h> 
make known to CoL Orr and to the armourers at Smithfield. I will 
briefly inform vou of all I ever knew or have ever had to do with 

About three weeks ago I was surprised to see the said Wat^^on at this 

place (who I may have seen b^re, but if I have, do not recoUecl the 



1801. circumstance). He introduced himself to me by observing that he had 
seen me at Springfield, and presented a letter to me from Nathan Forbes, 
of that place, stating that Mr. ^^'at8on had come to Virginia with a view 
to obtain information respecting the manufacture of Iron into nails and 
farming utensils, and the profits to be derived therefrom. That Mr. Wat- 
son had been employed at the Springfield works for two years past as an 
assistant to the master armourers there, and that he was a man of int^- 
rity. uprightness, sobriety, &c., &c., and desired I would give Mr. Watson 
such information as he might require, and that if he should be pleased 
with the prospects of success, he requested I would recommend him as 
his (Forbes') friend into some respectable employment for the winter. I 
leave you to judge what attention I ought to pay, and what credit is due 
to a recommendation from Forbes.* However, as it is a duty I owe to 
every stranger, I paid Mr. Watson all the attention my leisure from a 
multiplicity of business allowed me. He said he wished to purchase a 
mill-seat or situation for water-works on the James River Canal at this 
place, on which he informed me Doctor Forbes and himself intended to 
establish an extensive manufactory to cut nails by water. He came sev- 
eral times to my house, and whenever he required it, I gave him all the 
information I could respecting the object he had in view. 

The last time he was there Mr. Samuel Edwards, a gunsmith from 
Connecticut, came with him. When they went away they both told me 
they intended to call on me again in two or three days. Neither of 
them, however, have called since, altho' there has been a lapse of ten or 
twelve davs. 

I rely on your friendship and that of my other friends at Springfield 
to counteract any assertion detrimental to my procuring armourers there. 

It gave me much pleasure, as well as my friends here, to see in the 
public prints your spirited contradiction of the report circulated in your 
quarter that Mr. Jefferson intended to remove the public arms from 
Springfield and leave the people in that part of the Union defenceless. 
The publication of the truth in that instance by a person who had the 
best information of the subject, has, I conceive, done much good, for it 
has not only silenced that particular clamour, but shows that others of a 
like kind raised against the administration of that wise and good man 
are not founded in truth. 

I am, &c. 
Oct. 31. 

*AVhile I was in New England Mr. Forbes endeavoured to prejudice the armour- 
ers as much as possible against coming to Virgmia, of which Gol. Williams and 
others gave me information on my return to Springfield from Boston. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

Before I went to the north in quest of armourers, I adv^ertised in the 1801. 
Richmond newspapers for proposals to furnish 104,8G3 feet of timber, 
plank and scantling of various dimensions for the public tobacco ware- 
house now building on the canal; a bill for which I left with Mr. Wm. 
McKim when I went away. 

Finding on my return home, that no proposals Ij^d been made during 
my absence for furnishing the said timber, &c., and that a part of it will 
probably be wanting before long, I spoke to some of the timber getters 
in this neighborhood on the subject, who have made the inclosed propo- . 

Reuben George proposes to furnish the whole quantity for £1,322. 
Byrd George proposes to furnish the whole for $ 1,434.1 5s. 2^d. or £20 p'r 
M. for all the various scantling and $5 p'r M. for the plank. 

It is my duty to make their proposals known to you, but it is also my 
duty to point out the impropriety of contracting for the whole supply in 
the gross as they have proposed. 

There is of this timber four kinds, viz: heavy white oak scantling, 
large pine scantling, small pine scantling and plank, each of which several 
kind should be of a different price. It has been made known to the 
applicants for the job, that I desired their proposals should specify the 
price p'r M., for each of the several sizes and quantities, by which means 
an opportunity would be given to persons who are not able to furnish 
the whole quantity to make proposals for furnishing either of the four 
kinds: so that by dividing the bill among several contractors, their com- 
petition would probably cause it to be undertaken cheaper and be more 
readily furnished, than by a single contractor: but these proposers do 
not seem inclined to undertake a part without the whole. 

I am, &c. 

Endorsed : 

Capt. Clarke to make contracts for special proportions of the scantling 
and plank, according to its value, with those who will furnish it upon 
the best terms and whose respectability entitle them to confidence. 

November 6. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

The Kitchens of the Manufactory of Arms form a part of the plan of 
the works, were intended to be but one story high. That single story 
was designed in the plan, and must necessarily be a tall one, to suit the 
other btiildingB connected therewith. By a very small additional expense, 



1801. two low stories may be made in place of one tall story, which would 
afford convenient eating rooms over the Kitchens for the artificers, and 
the part of the building originally intended for their dining, &c., may be 
applied to the enlargement of their dormitories, or lodging apartments. 
The cheapness of the accommodation in this case induces me to recom- 
mend that it should be made. As the work is now progressing, I have 
to request that I may be informed of your decision to-day, if convenient. 


I am, <&c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

When I returned from my late tour I informed you I had engaged 
sixty-eight artificers for our Manufactory of Arms (whom I still flatter 
myself will come to our works), but finding of late that attempts are 
made to discourage and prevent their coming, I deem it proper to inform 
you thereof. I have therefore to state that as 1 passed through the city 
of Washington on my way to the north, Gen'l Dearborn, the Secretary of 
War, being informed of the object of m}' journey, politely favoured me 
with much serviceable information respecting the various manufactories 
throughout the United States, gave me sundry memorandums relative 
thereto, and, observing that some time would elapse before I would get 
to New England, he wrote a letter by post to Mr. David Ames, 8u|>erin- 
tendent of the United States Manufactory' of Arms at Springfield, advising 
him of my intention to visit that place, and requesting him t<> give me 
every assistance he could in procuring artificers. 

On my arrival at Springfield, Mr. Ames informed me of the receipt of 
said letter, and told me he would make every exertion in his i.K)wer to 
forward my object, observing that I had come at the most favorable time 
for the purpose, as all the individual manufacturers had nearly completed 
their contracts, and their workmen (which were numerous) would \)e glad 
to get employment. He further observeil that he supposetl I might 
engage a considerable number of them at S]»ringfield. I told Mr. Ames 
I did not wish to hire any workmen from the Springfield works that 
might injure the United States by their discontinuance there. He replicnl 
that as artificers were almost always making applications to him for 
emi)loyment, the works would labor under no disadvantage from my 
employing any artificers there who might choose to engage with me. 

On the first and every succeeiHng evening, the tavern where I lodgeil 
was filled with artificers from the Springfield Manufactory who were 
desirous that I would employ them. 1 told them I would not engage 
anv workmen until 1 had been at all the manufactories to the Eastward. 

1, however, took a memorandum of the name and particular occupa- 


tion of each applicant in order to make enquiries respecting their skill, isoi. 
disposition, &c. 

On the day before I left Springfield for Boston, I informed Mr. Ames 
that most of his workmen had offered to employ themselves to me; that 
I had a list of their names, which I called over and requested him and 
his two master armourers (Col. Robt. Orr and Mr. Nathan Forbes) to 
inform^me of the names of any of the men on my list whom they might 
conceive could not be well spared from their works. They then men- 
tioned the names of a few ; the residue of those on my list they had no 
objection to my employing if the men would agree to engage with me. 

Col. Orr (the most enlightened and liberal man of the three) observed 
that the terms for which the workmen were severally employed at their 
works would be expired before the time I would want them, and that no 
objection ought to be made by them to any of the workmen engaging 
themselves to me. That as they would be free men when their time was 
expired, and consequently under no controul of theirs, he did not think 
they ought to say anything which might prevent their being employed 
after the expiration of the term for which they were engaged there. 

The next morning I left Springfield to visit other manufactories farther 
to the Eastward, where I had the good fortune to engage a considerable 
number of armourers. On my return to Springfield, after several weeks 
absence therefrom (in the country around Boston and from thence to 
Providence), I was informed that Mr. Ames and Nathan Forbes (the 
particular friend of Ames) had been endeavouring during my absence 
to discourage the workmen at Springfield from engaging with me. How- 
ever, the workmen seemed as anxious to engage with me on my return 
as when I left them. I engaged all the best of them, excepting those 
who had been objected to by Ames, &c., as above stated. It may not be 
improper here to observe that Mr. Ames and Mr. Forbes are not generally 
liked by the citizens and Artificers, and that Forbes in particular is 
detested by them. 

I have lately received two letters from two of the most respectable 
inhabitants of Springfield, which I enclose with my answer to each of 
them. They will give you an idea of the attempts above alluded to. 

As I have employed many of the best annourers at Springfield, and as 
a suflScient number of others of equal skill to supply their places, cannot 
(I presume) be easily obtained by Mr. Ames, I suppose he is fearful 
that the arms made at Springfield works will get into disrepute, and 
therefore endeavours to prevent the men from coming to our works whom 
he told me he was willing I should employ. 

I fear nothing from the machinations of Mr. Ames and Mr. Forbes, nor 
any other men there who wear two faces. The workmen are now daily 
writing to me and seem determined to adhere to their engagement. I have 
however thought proper to inform you that this New England artifice is 


1801. practiced, seemingly to answer the intentions of the Secretary of War, 
when at the same time measures are taken to defeat them. 

If Mr. Ames had at first ingenuously told me it would be a disadvan- 
tage to their works that I should employ gunsmiths at Si)ringfield, I 
would not have engaged a single man there, hut he first suggested to me 
that he supposed I might employ a considerable number and recom- 
mended them by name. 

I am, &c. 
Nov. 18. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

James Carney, one of the masons who engaged to build the stone walls 
of the Manufactory of Arras, being in arrears to the Commonwealth, as 
was some time ago reported to you, now wishes to execute the stone work 
which may be wanting for said works, so as to reduce the debt. 

He states that altho' the price at which he contracted to execute the 
work at the Manufactory of Anns was 16s. 3d. per perch, that the price 
for such work has risen considerably since the time of his contracting; 
that he is willing to execute any stone work now wanting, for 22s. 6d. per 
perch. He hopes you will not think it high when the price given Mr. 
Whitelaw for the stone walls of the Tobacco Warehouse is considered. 
That to enable him to jjerform the Work, he says it will be indispensably 
necessary that he should be furnished with an advance of seventy dollars, 
and seventy more when the work is two-thirds done, for which money 
he says he will give security. Owing to the bad (juality of the stone 
work executed at the above building by Mr. Carney, it will be nect»ssary 
that some extra stone work should be done. If you should think pr()|H»r 
to accede to his propositions, it will be proper that he should give security 
for the execution of the work as well as for the arlvances of monev. 

I am, &c, 
Nov. 13. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I have received your letter of the IGth inst. requesting me to rei>ort a 
statement of the duties of a clerk for the Manufactory of arms. 

As the works will soon be put into operation, 1 deem it proi>er at this 
time to state to you the several duties of all the i>ersons whose sernces 
will be necessarily re(|uired to assist the Superintendent in his various 
duties in conducting the operations therein. 

At the Manufactory of Arms at Si)riugfield, Massachusetts, where the 
number of artificers is not so great as it will be at our works, two maiitei 
armourers, one chief clerk, one commissary, or store keeper, (who is some- 




times called the issuing clerk,) and one machinist are found indespensably igoi. 
necessary to conduct the business to advantage. The same number and 
kind of assistants will I conceive be required at our works. 

The duties of the Superintendent are to attend to and supervise the 
whole manufactory, and the artists employed therein, and everything 
appertaining to the business thereat. The duties of the master armourers, 
are constantly to attend to the artificers in each several branch while 
they are at work, to instruct them by precept and example as occasion 
ma}' require, so as to have the work well and expeditiously executed, to 
inspect the various unfinished parts of arms as they are made by the 
workmen, and refuse such of them as are not well made: to see that 
each artificer keeps his tools, &c. in good repair and that he does not loose 
or abuse them, and that the workmen apply themselves diligently to the 
work. The master armourers should be active, impartial men, well 
skilled in the art of making with their own hands all the several parts of 
the arms to be manufactured. 

The duties of the Chief Clerk are to keep a regular set of books, in 
which are to be r^stered accurate accounts of all and every transaction 
relative to the manufactory, such as the wages of the workmen, the work 
done by each of them, the quantity and price of all the various mate- 
rials, provisions, &c., Ac, so that at all times may be seen the amount of 
expenditures and of the work done, and a statement of the account of 
each person employed at the works. 

The duties of the Commissary or Storekeeper are to receive, weigh, 
measure, and store all the various materials, provisions, &c., and issue 
them as they are necessarily required for the works, such as the issuing 
to each workman the iron, steel, coals, gun stocks, files, emery, oil, &c., 
ifec, &c., necessary for his work ; to barrel and store provisions, to issue 
each morning the rations for the day and see that their food is well cooked, 
and store the arms when finished. 

The duties of the Machinist are to attend to all the machinery through- 
out the whole works and keep it in good repair, by renewing such parts 
as may be too much worn for service or that may get out of order. 

The great responsibility attached to the office of Superintendent, re- 
quires that those persons who are to assist him in his various duties, 
should be well qualified for their several offices, in each of which they 
must necessarily conduct themselves by his directions in their several 

a^pective duties. 

I am, &c. 
Nov. 27. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Agreeably to your instructions, I engaged when at Philadelphia the 
necessary Iron apparatus for cooking in our Penitentiary, and in order 


iflM, iliai it might he \jffmsie\j like Ibfuse in the Slate pnson in that citT 
(wWuth have heen fm>ven to answer well;. I engaged with Mr. Philip 
Vjtlnnrdn /"the ffrincifial keejier of the State prison there) to have the 
wrofi^ht wm work made, and with Mr. George Crooks (who had the 
f'fMtinfi^ fna/ie for the gmteSy Ac,, of the State prison in Hiiladelphia at 
the workff of Foxall A Richards on Schaylkill) for the necessary cast 
trmis for the grata^, Ac,^ and with Mr. Elisha Fisher A Co., in Front 
Mtre^d bfiiween Market and Arch streets, for two large kettles or boilers of 
the same si^ and quality of those now in use in the State prison at 
l^hila<ielphia. The two kettles were at thirty dollars each, bat neither 
Mr. K^lwardn nor Mr. Oooks could tell me the precise sum their work 
would cimt until finished. Mr. Edwards sup|K)sed the whole would cost 
tn.'tween one and two hundred dollars, including the sixty dollars for the 
two keitl(!H. 

Mr. Kdwards anci Mr. (Jrooks have made and lately sent their work to 
iii(4)n)(>n<t, hut without a hill of costs, and the kettles yet remain there. 

It will he propfjr, I conceive, to send immediately Two hundred Dol- 
lars to (Jun'l Hhee and rcfjuest him to pay Mr. Edwards, Mr. Crooks, and 
MoHSfH. Finhor A Co. for their several articles, and get the favor of him 
to hiiv(! the kettleH sent to Richmond immediately, otherwise they may 
he sohl to Hom(5 other person, and it would be a very difficult matter to 
get others of the same kind and quality without importing them from 
Kuropc, and the overplus of the sum sent (if any) might be applied to 
payment f<ir the arms making there. 

I am, Ac. 
Nov. 2H. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

\M\\H callod U]>on by you to state the condition at this time of the 
IVnitontiary liou«t% or State Prison, and of the public Manufactory of 
Anns, 1 havo to report as follows: 

TImt all the brii^k work of the apartments of the Penitentiary designed 
for tho oonfinonuMit of criminals, and the galleries appertaining thereto, 
is rtnisluHl. The whole are ixxifed, the floors laid, the interior of the 
walls ceiled with oak plank, the doors hung on their hinges and the win- 
ilows gnit^Hl. 

Mi^st of tlu* various materials necessary for the completion of the 
building is providtnl, and I conceive there can be no doubt but that the 
whole building will be otMupleted before the end of the ensuing year. 

All the brick work of the a))artments of the Manufactory of Arms in 
which snmll arms for Infantry and Cax^alry are to be made, is finished. 
Most of the Hi>oi>t of these a^>artments are laid, all of them roofed, and 
the brick work of the kitchens and other offices is in oonsidefaUe for- 


wardness. The machinery necessary for (he manufacture of small arms 1801. 
is nearly completed, and the whole of the works designed for that pur- 
pose are in such forwardness that I conceive a coinmencenient of their 
manufacture will he made within two or three months from this time, 
and the whole of the works completed in the course of the ensuing year, 
mast of the materials for which are already provided. 

The apparatus, tools, <fec., necessary for the manufacture of small arms 
are contracted for to be imported from England, some of which have 
arriven at this place, and the residue are expected shortly, and about 
seventy artificers are engaged to be employed in the manufactory as soon 
as the works are ready to receive them. 

I regret that the execution of the work of those buildings has made 
no greater progress in the present year, owing to the failures of the con- 
tractors U> furnish supplies of materials while I was absent in New 
England in quest of armourers to be employed in our manufactory, the 
circumstances relative to which I have reported to you in a former com- 

I, however, do not conceive any real injury will result to the Common- 
wealth from the delay, as the Penitentiary will now afford sufficient 
accommodation for a considerable number of criminals in addition to 
those now in confinement, and as the Manufactory of Arms will soon be 
in readiness to commence full}' the operation of making small arms. 

I am, <&c. 
Dec. 4. 

George Williamson to the Governor. 

I have been informed that you have appointed me a Master Armourer 
in the public Armory, with a salary of two hundred i)ounds a year for 
niv services. 

I thank you for conferring the office on me, but the salary I find, from 
the best information, will be barely sufficient for house-rent and the sup- 
f>ort of my family in a plain manner. I have ever been desirous to be 
a Master Armourer in the public Armory, but justice to my family and 
myself forbids me to engage in a work where I am to be brought in debt 
at the (rlotje of the year. I have a great run of custom at my shop in the 
country, and being well known in the different counties, can sell more 
puns at the price of forty dollars than I could possibly make with ten 
hands. That business, as well as my other business at home, I must 
give up if I engage to be a Master Armourer. 

The low salary allowed, I am confident, is owing to your not being 

acquainted with the business of master armourer, who must always be 

in place from daylight till bed time. You can hardly find a mechanic 

in any line of business who carries it on extensively, that does not make 



1801. at tliat sum. 1 well know I never cleared less by my business. It 
is well known that master armourers ought to be industrious men, of 
good character and great experience in the business, and that very few 
men can be found in the United States who are fit to be master armourers, 
but such as are really fit are generally not at a loss for good business. 

I leave you to judge of my fitness, and only require such a compensa- 
tion as I deserve. I wish you to consider what the expenses will be of 
supporting my family in Richmond and how much I must give for house 
rent and after that what will be left for my services. 

I am, ifcc. 
Dec. 8. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Finding that an opinion is lately circulated respecting the execution 
of the work of the Manufactory of arms, (to which object the attention 
of the I^egislature is (^alled,) calculated to make impressions on the pub- 
lic mind, unfavorable to my character as the architect and superintendent 
of that building, I have thought proper in justification of my coDduct, 
to make the following statement of facts, in order to bring to the recollec- 
tion of the Honorable the Executive, past occurrences, and to request 
them to state whether I have been blamable respecting the execution of 
said work. 

The various work of the Manufactory of Arms is well executed except- 
ing the stone work of the foundations thereof The work in brick and iii. 
wood is generaU y supposed to be the best of their kind in Virginia. 

As the circumstances relative to the execution of said stone work, hap- 
pened before you became the Governor of the State, it is the more neces— 
sarv that I should detail them to vou at this time. 

I doubt not but that it will be well recollected by the late Governor^ 
and those members of the Council who were in office at the time, that* 
when Ninian Wise and James Carney undertook to execute the stone 
work of the Manufactory of Arms, Thomas Whitlaw (a stone mason 
celebmted for faithful execution of his work and in whom as a workujan 
1 had great confidence), was also a candidate for that work; that the 
terms proposed by Whitlaw for executing the said stone work, was at a 
rather higher price than the proposals of Wise and Carney, that being 
apprehensive that the Council might be inclined to accept the propoeals 
of Carney and Wise, on account of their being cheaper than thoee of 
Whitlaw, 1 remonstrated with them against en)ploying Wise and Oaniey. 
and stated to them that I did not wish to injure the intereet of Ihoae 
workmen, but that my duty required that I should inform them thai I 
could not confide in those men to execute the work, that while my work- 
men were building the machinery of David Ross' mills in this citj, Mr. 


Wise (the beat workman of the two) was employed to execute the stone isoi. 
work thereof, %nd that one of the walls built by him fell before it was 
carried to its h^ght 

After stating my reasons for a preference in favor of Whitelaw and 
against Wise & C%rney being employed, I retired, and at the rising of 
the board was informed that the Executive had closed with the proposals 
of Carney & Wise. There can be no doubt in this case but that the 
Executive were governed b}' a wish to save expense by employing those 
men whose terms were cheapest, but it is evident that Whitelaw is the 
best workman of the three and much the most to be depended on. I 
shortly after set Wise & Carney to work on the foundation walls of the 
west wing of the building, and attended to them at every opportunity 
that my other numerous avocations in the public service allowed me, 
and it must be recollected that I had to perform the duty of four per- 
sons — viz., Architect and Superintendent of Penitentiary building in 
place of Mr. Latrobe and Mr. Callis,and the business to execute in simi- 
lar offices at the Manufactory of arms. When the various duties of the 
day are enumerated — when it is considered that I have to ascertain the 
size and quantity of all the various materials required in each branch of 
the work at both the Manufactory of Arms and Penitentiary, attend to 
their delivery and inspect their quality, to furnish drawings and direc- 
tions for the execution of the numerous kinds of work at both those 
buOdings, measure the work and keep a separate account of the trans- 
actions of each individual so as to know the amount of their claims upon 
the public — 1 repeat, that when all those numerous duties which are 
constantly occurring are considered, it cannot be supposed that 1 could 
pay constant attention to the workmen engaged in any one branch of the 
various kinds of works when they all required an equal share of my 
attention. I could not, therefore, be constantly with Carney & Wise 
while they were at work, but my attention was as much applied to their 
work as was in my power, and as much to the work of others, and per- 
haps more, while attending to so many other objects. It is well known 
to the workmen at the armory that I have fre(|uently with my own 
hands pulled down parts of their defective stone work, and rei)eatedly 
notified them that I should condemn their work on aceount of its bad 
quality, and I am conscious that I have done everything in my power to 
have that stone work faithfully executed. 

When they had nearly finished the walls of that wing, the defects of 
the work became visible as the weight was increased. I stopped them 
from going on with the work, and condemned it to be taken down as 
l^eing in my opinion unfit for the purpose. Wise & Carney observed 
that the work was well executed, and said that as Whitelaw was not 
employed by the Executive to execute the work as I had wished, and 
that the Executive hiEul given them the work contrary to my advice, they 


IgOi. said I was pit^adiced against tbem, and thai I did not intend to do diem 
juiftice by wbbing to have their work taken down and pierent their being 
paid for their labour, and said thev mu^ appeal to the Execotive. 

These suggestions induced roe to request of GoTemor Wood that a 
committee of the Councfl might examine the work whic^ I had con- 
demned« and determine whether it should be taken down or not. Accord* 
ingl y four memberB of the Council were deputed^ who m^ Mr. Wise and 
Mr. Carney and myself at the armory. I shewed them the work and 
explained to them its defects. It is evident that those gratlemen were 
anxious to do strict justice to the Commonwealth aud to Wise and Car- 
ney. They saw and were convinced of the imperfection of the work, 
but being desirous that the building should not be retarded in its pro- 
gress by taking down the walls, were desirous of knowing whether it 
oould be supported in a substantial manner so as to answer the purpose. 
I mentioned that I could support a wall of sand by building walls 
around to support it, but that I did not think the work sufficiently 
strong as it then stood, or I should not then have called their attention 
to it, and that if abutments were built to support it, they would give a 
bad appearance to the building. The deputation from the Council asked 
me if I thought it could be supported by abutments. I told them it 
could, and described the kind I thought most proper. 

Carney & Wise observed that it would ruin them if their work was 
taken down and that they had not the ability to rebuild it The gentle- 
men of the Council at length directed me to have the abutments built to 
support the walls, and told Carney and Wise that in future, that if they 
did not execute their work better, that thev would shew them no indul- 


gence. I accordingly had the abutments built, and the walls have not 
given way since those abutments were erected and settled to thero. 

Those workmen were shortlv aftensi'ards set to work on the stone walls 
of the opposite wing of the building, and in the prc^ess of that work 
also similar defects occurred, proceeding from similar causes, viz: the 
bad fitting of the stones. 

You, sir, had then come into the office of Governor, and I wrote to 
you an account of the transactions relative to said stone work, stating its 
defects, in consequence of which the Executive, who being desirous of 
calling in the judgment of men experienced in such work, appointed two 
disinterested men, Nathaniel Quarles and Jesse Bowles, who were sup- 
posed to be the best judges of such work in this part of the State, to 
examine the work and report whether it should be taken down or not, 
and that if in their opinion it should not be taken down, and as it was 
inferior to the quality stipulated in the contract for that work, that they 
should say how much Wise and Carney ought to receive as compensation 
less than their contract specified. Those referees met as required, and 
reported to the Executive that they had examined and measured the said 


work; tliat they did not think it ought to be taken down, as they thought isoi. 
it might be secured by abutments, and stated in their report the compen- 
sation which they thought ought to be paid for the work less than their 
contract had stipulated. In consequence of which report, Carney was 
brought in debt to the Commonwealth, and I have understood that the 
Executive have ordered a suit against him for its recovery. 

It is my opinion, as well as the opinion of the best judges of such 
work, that the walls are in no danger of falling, but as it will give them 
additional security and strength, and to satisfy even those who are not 
judges, I request that the size and number of abutments may be increased 
to such a degree as will be sufficient to convince all persons that the walls 
may be secure, altho' badly built at first. 

The other parts of the work, in brick, wood, and iron, I invite and 
request all persons who are judges to point out the defects. I am well 
aware that the opinion of a single individual (even if he is not a judge 
of the subject) when in universal circulation, may make impressions 
which might be attended with injurious consequences and require much 
trouble to remove. In the present instance, I conceive it to be my duty 
to counteract or remove those impressions, which certainly have a ten- 
dency to injure me. In the course of my transactions I have endeavored 
to support a reputation infinitely more dear to me than life, and at this 
time I sensibly feel the pain of being blamed, well knowing it is without 
cause. Conscious of having discharged my duty in the several offices to 
which I have been called by the Executive, to them therefore I look for 
that protection which my character as an architect and conduct in that 
capacity deserves, and have to request from them a statement respecting 
m}' conduct in the pubUc service, and particularly that part of* it which 
respects the execution of the work of the Manufactory of Arms, which 
I wish to be made known to the Legislature and the public. 

I am, &c. 
Dec. 23. 

Archibald Roane (Governor) to the Governor. 

Enclosing a copy of an Act of the Legislature of Tennessee, relating to 
the establishment of the boundary line between the State of Tennessee 
and Virginia. Suggesting the middle of March as the most suitable time 
for the Commissioners to commence work on the eastern extremity of the 
disputed line. 

Nov. 25. 
Knoxville, Tenn. 


John F. Mercer (Governor) to the Governor. 

1801. Enclosing copy of a law passed by the Legislature of the Stat^ of 

Maryland respecting the Turnpike Road proposed to be established on 
the Western frontier of said State. 

Also, a resolution of the same for ascertaining the Western and South- 
ern boundary lines between Maryland and Virginia. Informing that the 
State of Maryland had already appointed Gabriel Duval, John McDowell, 
and Roger Nelson, Esquires, Commissioners on her part for the discharge 
of this duty. Asking to be informed of the result of the action of Vir- 
ginia on this subject. 

Dec. 31. 


Your communication of the 18th inst. I received this morning, by 
which I learn with pleasure that my conduct respecting the negro Sam 
committed to the jail of this county by me, has met the approbation of the 

My object in committing the fellow was not influenced (as you seem to 
have understood) by any consideration of his being guilty of any overt 
act having a tendancy to excite insurrection, but by an impression that 
the 4th Section of the law passed the 2l8t of January, 1801, res|>ecting 
"Slaves, free negroes and mulattoes,*' completely embraced his ca^e, and 
the Executive alone (after his commission) could take cognizance of it. 
If the fellow has been guilty of any such <)ffences, the obtension of proof 
to establish them would be I believe impossible, an<l the only offence 
which he has comnjitted that has come to mv information, consisted 
in insinuation and inuendo, calculated to excite discontent and consequent 
inflamation in the minds of the negroes, whose disposition already matur- 
ing for the perpetration of any crime, may terminate in fatal eventuation. 

He is an extremely artful and base fellow, and as he confesses T believe 
there can be no doubt but he belongs to the gentleman in St. ('roix. Capt. 
Knight of Norfolk who says he knows the fellow and his master too, 
will I understand, sail in six or eight weeks to this island, and is disp<>se<l 
to take him with him provided he can obtain compensation. 

It appears to me that this fellow's case comes within the contemplation 
of the law, which requires the transportation of slaves who have been 
brought or have come int<^ this Commonwealth. 

However, the circumstances of his situation is in the jK)ssession of the 
Executive, and to their decision it is submitted. 

This fellow was originally sold out of this State for his tlagitiousness 


and rascality, and if he was then considered a dangerous fellow, he now isoi. 
must be more so since our situation has become more hazardous and 
critical: as it is probable he may escape, and considering him dangerous, 
and the opportunity which offers for his transportation by Capt. Knight, 
I think the sooner steps are taken to effectuate that end (if it*s deemed 
proper) the better. 

I am, &c. 
August 20. 

Papers Relative to an Apprehended Insun-edion of the Negroes of Nottoway 

County in the Year 1801. 

James Fletcher to B. Edwards or N. Friend, Petersburg. 

I make use of the opportunity to inform you we are threatened by 
the n^roes on Thursday next with an insurrection. We have been try- 
ing for several days and nights to get such negroes as we have proof 
against, but have only got about eight that we can prove guilty, which 
will have their trial next Thursday. I was out best part of the last 
night with a negro who told me he was concerned in the plot, and that 
it would certainly be put in execution on Thursday next. He went so 
far as to name the officers in his neighborhood and tlie place they were 
to meet, which was at Mr. John Royal's. 

From there they intend to go to the Burnt Ordinary, where he says 
they expect to meet several hundred, and from that to Petersburg, where 
he says the officers told him they would be safe, as that Town would be 
in possession of the blacks by the time they got there, and then they 
could get guns and ammunition to carry them where they pleased. 

I don't know I make use of the precise words, but the full substance 
of the business I have given you, and I think you had better make it as 
publick as possible, at least in Petersburg and Richmond. Excuse bad 
riting, &c., as I do it in haste and confusion. 

I am, &c. 
Jan'v 1. 

Creed Taylor to the Governor. 

Having seen in the hands of Major Quarrier the other evening, some 
documents sent to you by the Mayor of Petersburg on the subject of a 
8Upi>o8ed insurrection of the negroes in the county of Nottoway, I take 
the liberty now to state that Capt. Thomas Eppes, a member of the 
House of Delegates, has just arrived from thence, and says altho' there 
are six or seven in Nottoway jail, they are there on very slight suspicion, 
and he does — suppose that nothing material will appear against them 


1801. on their trial, which is to take place this day, and that it produces little 
or no alarm in that quarter. I am induced to make this communica- 
tion to counteract the force of any which may liave been made in conse- 
quence of a report which reached this place last evening of a large num- 
ber being in Amelia jail as well as Nottoway, and that a number of arms 
were also discovered. 

I am, &c. 
JanV 1. 

G. Green to William Prentis or James Druell, Petersburg. 

There does not remain a doubt but that a general insurrection of the 
negroei? is intended on the next Thursday night. Their plan has been 
discovered here by accident. I have a fellow who was in Petersburg two 
days of the Christmas. He tells me he heard the subject spoken of very 
freely by several negroes of Petersburg, but that they were unknown to 

Petersburg is the place of general rendezvous, and an assassination of 

all its white inhabitants is intended; they do not intend to spare even 

the helpless infants. 

I am, &c, 
Jan'v 2. 

Richard Jones to William Prentis. 

As I conceive it a duty incumbent on me to communicate to my 
fellow-citizens any pending dangers with which they are threatened, I 
take this opportunity by the post to inform you that an intended insur- 
rection of the negroes in this count}' is discovered, and from which they 
are in conspiracy with those from this to and in the town of Petersburg. 
We have here been verv assiduous since Mondav, but find much diffi- 
culty in discovering their full designs, tho' have so far succeeded as to 
find that on Thursday next at night they were to commence the business 
by collecting in large bodies in different places and proceediug immedi- 
ately to Petersburg (killing and robbing as they went), and to join those 
that may be there embodied, from whom they expect to be furnished 
with arms and amnmnition, so as to be fully equipped with what they 
get from the country inhabitants as they move on to the general ren- 

These are the most material part^ of the discoveries we have as yet 
made, and which I think your town very deeply interested in. You will 
therefore make any use of it you think most advantageous to the safety 
thereof. I do not think the conspiracy at this time of a very alanuing 
nature, as the dL<covery of it in so early a stage, will prevent the plan 


being attempted in this county, tho' sufficiently so to require the strictest 1801. 
attention of the inhabitants of the town and every exertion of them ti> 
bring as many of the ringleaders as ^)OSsible to condign punishment. 
We have at present five (and among them Bob, an intended General, the 
property of Mr. John Royal, of this neighborhood) in our goal, and 
hourly expect more. 

No discovery as yet has been made by us as to any particular negroes 
in or about Petersburg, but should we make any such, the town shall 
receive the earliest information thereof. 

January 2. I am, &c. 

Edmund Stone to Bathurst Claiborne. 

I was informed by letter from Capt. Harrison to Mr. Peebles, that it 
wa.s expected that the negroes were to rise to-night or to-morrow night. 
Capt. Wyche sent Capt. Harrison word, and also sent to Southampton to 
know if the news was true, and had for answer that it was certainly true, 
for the whites were ejathering fast, and there were already five hundred 
under arms. It will be best for everybody to be on the lookout. 

Februarv 14. I am, &c. 

T^st night my white family, which lodged up stairs, were alarmed by 
a number of negro men going round and about the house great part of 
the night. No information of this was given to me last night by my 
white family above stairs. 

ThLs morning I was taken by a mulatto servant girl of mine into the 
dining-room, who told me that the negroes were about to do mischief to 
the whites. That my man Tom was overheard by her to be talking with 
some negroes behind the house. That she knew Tom's voice, but to be 
cc^rtain it was him she looked out and found it to be the case. That in a 
short time about six negro men came up to Tom, when they asked Tom 
who lived here. Tom replied that this was our house. "Are the other 
lads coming?" "Yes," replied the n^roes, "they are, by God." " Well," 
sa^'s Tom, " that will do." The mulatto woman says that one or two 
Iiroposed putting the thing off* till next Saturday night, but that she 
could not understand the result, as they spoke low. She further says 
that she heard Tom say in the course of the last week, that the insurrec- 
tion was not done with — that more would be heard of it in a few days. 
She also says that all the negroes about my house last evening and Tom 
also, had weai)ons in their hands, which she thought were swords. 

W. Claiborne. 
15th February, 1801. 



Wm. Ball to the Governor. 

1801. Agreeable to your request p'r letter, I have waited on Mr. Claiborne 

for information in writing respecting the conversation, &c., which was 
heard last night near his house between a parcel of negroes which he has 
stated and which is herein inclosed. The negroes which you mentioned 
in yours of Mr. Claiborne's, which you wish taken in custody for the pur- 
pose of endeavoring to get some further information, is not at home at 
present: he is at this time in Richmond with Mrs. Claiborne with the 
carriage, and so soon as he returns. I shall pursue the carriage to Mr. 
Claiborne's and take him in custody, and have him immediately con- 
veyed to your presence. 

I shall attend to your other instructions respecting the patroles during 
the night; also to secure all those negroes which we can get hold of 
whom we can get the smallest information against. 

I am, &c. 
Feb. 15. 

James Madison to the Governor. 

1802. I beg leave to enclose you a complaint transmitted to this Department 

DeDartment ^^ ^^^ agent of the U. States at Jamaica, of certain frauds in the case of 
of State flour shipped to that island. 

As the facts stated have reference to places within the State of Vir- 
ginia, it is thought most proper to communicate them to you who will 
be best able to decide the manner and measures of enquiry due to the 

I am, <fcc. 

Petition of Joseph Jackson to the Governor and Council. 

Jan. 2, The petition of Joseph Jackson humbly sheweth : That your petitioner 

^Offi^^*^'^ when ai)pointed Clerk of Accounts in the Auditors Office in the year 
179H, through the kind interference of John Pendleton, Esq'r, got your 
petitioners salary fixed by your honorable Board the same as Hans Heit- 
mans salary, former clerk of accounts, for doing the same business 
(which, on examination, your petitioner flatters himself will bear a com- 
parison with either his or any other books in the Auditor's office). Ever 
since the year 1796 your petitioner has had a sei)arato and distinct busi- 
ness to attend to in addition. 

The Militia Fines have been directe<l to the Auditor's office for settle- 
ment. Your petitioner has the vouchers to examine, to grant receipts, 


specifying the insolvents, and claims to keep a separate ledger for them, 1802. 
in order to keep them distinct from the other branches of the revenue. Ai^itoW 
For performing this business your petitioner humbly conceives himself Office 
justly entitled to some compensation, and if your honorable board will 
condescend to look at the vouchers and books of accounts kept by your 
petitioner for that purpose, whatever they in their wisdom will allow your 
petitioner, he will be in duty bound to pray, &c., &c. 

Wm. Newsum to the Governor. 

Solicits the office of Notary Public in Norfolk for Dangerfield Stark, in Jan. 2, 
lieu of Thomas Newton, elected to Congress. Richmond 

TO THE Governor. 

You had better if you think proper, to order the Petersburg and Prince Jan. 2, 
George Light Horse out on this alarming occasion of the negroes rising P^t^'^ourg 
on Thursday next. It is a thing of too much importance to be lightly 
thought of, and I hope the Assembly in their wisdom will fall on some 
plan to put the minds of the people more at ease. 

I can inform you, sir, there is great danger. 

I am yours, with respect, and also my master's faithful servant until 

William Prentis, Mayor, to the Governor. 

I do myself the honor of enclosing to you a letter received by me yes- Jan. 3, 
terday evening from a merchant of this town, and which came directed Petersburg 
to him, as will appear by the letter. 

The gentleman of whom I received it, Mr. N. Friend, assures me that 
Mr. James Fletcher is a person to be relied on and not a timid character. 
What confidence you will place in this intelligence is not for me to judge, 
but I conceived it my duty to furnish you with it that you might act on 
the occasion as you think proper. 

I am, &c. 

It has been suggested that a small number of men placed in this town 
and Richmond, to act as circumstances should require, would be advisa- 
ble. I beg leave to submit it to your consideration, and have also to 
request that you will inform me by the mail to-morrow, what steps you 
would think most advisable should you believe the information herewith 
enclosed to be correct 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

1802. Agreeably to your request, I submit an estimate of the probable 

Tan ^ 

expence which will be incurred in the completion of the Manufactory of 
Arms and Penitentiary, as also the sum which will be necessary for the 
purchase of tools for the Manufactory of arms and for the pay and sup- 
port of the men employed in the manufactory, and purchase of mate- 
rials for a year. 

To complete the manufactory of arms, including the work in brick, 
wood, and Iron, it will, I presume, require about twenty-one thousand 
dollars. I presented you a statement during the last session of the 
General Assembly of the amount which I thought would be necessary 
to complete the building from the state in which it tJien was, amounting 
to £9,528.11. Since that time considerable sums have been charged to 
tlie account of this building, which were not expended in the erection of 
the work, which object alone was contemplated in that estimate.. Two 
•thousand Dollars paid for tools and apparatus for carrying on the work 
after the building is completed, and a considerable sum paid for digging 
and removing of the earth in the way of building, with many other 
expenditures, the documents respecting which are in your possession, are 
examples of such charges. It is proper to observe that the expence 
incurred in removing earth was found to be much greater than was 
expected, owing to the rocks and other obstructions which were in the 

The sum necessary to complete the Penitentiary will, it is presumed, 
amount to about nineteen thousand four hundred Dollars. This esti- 
mate is as correct as it is in my power to make it from the data in my 
possession. The erection of buildings for such important purposes and 
of such extent will unavoidably cost great sums, which no precaution 
can prevent. 

The erection of them in this city, where most of the articles bear the 
highest price, will cost much more than if it were done in the interior of 
the country; in addition to which, it is proper to observe that in such 
great undertakings, contingent expenses often occur which it is impossi- 
ble to foresee or provide for. The sum requisite for the purchase of tools, 
is estimated at about seven thousand dollars ; this comprises all the tools 
and apparatus necessary for carrying on the work of the several branches 
of the manufacture of arms, including musketry, swords, pistols, &c. A 
contract is formed by the Executive with a Mr. Hodgson, of England, 
for the importation of these articles from Birmingham, according to a 
list furnished him, for which he is to receive ten per cent'm on the costs, 
(fee, the Commonwealth paying the price, freight, &c. ; part of these are 
already received, on which acc't 2,000 dollars are paid. 

For the purchase of materials, the pay and rations of the men em- 


ployed in the Manufactory, including the salary of the Superintendent, 1802. 
two master armourers, clerks, &c., and one hundred and fifty artists, it is '^* 

supposed the annual expenditure will amount to fifty-eight thousand 

At present not more than about one-half that number are engaged, who 
were contracted for to the eastward in a trip I took this summer through 
the Eastern States by your order for the purpose. These are artists of 
great experience and skill, whose pay commences when they are called 
into service and not before. As the institution is new in our country, 
and very few of our citizens are acquainted with the art of making arms, 
it is necessary to draw from other quarters those who have skill and 
experience in the business. On that account the charge will be greater 
in the commencement, as such persons will emigrate with reluctance and 
not without expense. But after the institution is well established, and 
our own citizens become acquainted with the art, the expense will of 
course diminish. 

The work will (I expect) be commenced in about two months and 
carried on, if the Government permits, on the most extensive scale that 
a due regard to economy and other circumstances will justify. It is 
expected that about seven thousand stands of arms will be made at the 
manufactory when the whole number of workmen are employed in it, 
besides arms for the cavalry. On this subject I beg to refer you to my 
letters of the 27th of November and 4th of December last for further 

I am persuaded that the Manufactory of Arms will prove a useful and 
economic institution. The plan was formed by myself on a view of 
everv similar institution of note in the United States and the advice of 
their most experienced men, and I have since bestowed the whole force 
of -ray mind and industry in the construction of it. I have invariably 
acted under the inspection and in obedience to the orders of the Execu- 
tive, from which I never deviated. 

I have at all times been wilHng, indeed desirous, that the plan of the 
building, with the progress and execution of the work, should be exam- 
ined by the members of the Legislature, to whom I should be happy to 
give all the information in my power on any point on which it might be 

With respect to the Penit^^ntiary, I have to observe that it is well 
known to the Executive that I was not the author of the plan, but was 
called in to execute that of another, afler the work had been considerably 
advanced. Mr. Latrobe was the Architect, during whose agency the office 
of Superintendent, which was a distinct one, was committed to Mr. Callis. 
These two offices were united in me in addition to the charge of the 
Manufactory of Arms, with which I was already interested. At that 
stage I proposed some deviation from the plan in the construction of cells, 


1802. the Keeper's house, partition walls, and other inferior objects, with a 

Jan. 4 ^j^^^, ^^ promote the health, comfort, and security of the prisoners, which 

it is presumed produced the desired eftect. In a former letter, I liad the 

pleasure to assure you that I had no doubt that both the buildings would 

be finished in the course of the present year. 

I am, (fee. 

William Prentis to the Governor. 

Jan. 4, I yesterdjiy enclosed you a letter by Dr. McCaw from a Mr. Fletcher, 

of Nottoway concerning some suspicions of an intention m the negroes 
to revolt. Since which I have just received the one I now send you, 
believing it to be proper to communicate to you every information on the 

I hope, sir, that by to-morrow's mail you will advise what had best be 
done. Since writing the above, I have opened another letter, which I 
also enclose you. from Major Richard Jones. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. I^rentis to the Governor. 

Jan. 5, I receivetl your letter by this day's mail, previous to which the PatroUs 

PeterslmrK ^^^^^^ ^^^^ regularly since Sunday, and will continue on duty during this 

We are however much at a loss for powder and ball ; there being none 
here except powder, and that is private proj >erty . There is a very good field 
piece in town belonging to the Artillery Company, but they complain 
much for the want of ammunition, and the Cai)tain has requested me to 
solicit you to dei)osit here a f(iw gmpe shot or bullets and powder to be 
used in cjtse of emergency. 

We feel much the want of a field officer or some jjerson within the 
town to superintend and direct in case of alarms — there is no such per- 
son in this town or neighborhood at present, and everything is in a 
measure in confusion on that account, and would perhaps be attended 
with fatal consecjuences, was an insurrection absolutely to commence and 
make a stand. 

The people however are willing to act in any manner that may appear 
beneficial, but would be much better satisfied to have some person w4th 
them clothed with proper authority. 

I am, &c. 


The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To John Newell, Dr. 

To hauling 9 cannon from Taylor's Ferry to Richmond of the following j^n. 5 

weights : 

1. 4,960 lbs.; 2. 5,360 lbs.; 3. 6,040 lbs.; 4. 4,525 lbs.; 5. 4,481 lbs.; 

6. 4,420 lbs.; 7. 5,840 lbs.; 8. 5,400 lbs.; 9. 5,140 lbs., £78.12.0 

I have rece'd the above guns on the Capitol Square. 

Alex'r Quarrier. 

Ln the Senate. 

The House, in conjunction with the House of Delegates, proceeded in Jan. 5 
the usual form to the election of a Treasurer of the Commonwealth for 
one year. 

Upon counting the ballotw, the majority of votes were found in favor 
of William Berkeley. 

^ John Clarke to the' Governor. 

It is now necessary that some of the apparatus for the Manufactory of Jan. 6 
Arms should be fixed up and the Iron work necessary therefor made; 
for which purpose I think it would be proper that one Master Armorer 
(George Williamson) should attend to that business. 

As it is now the season for procuring pork, I submit to your considera- 
tion whether or not it would be proper to purchase a supply of tliat 
article for the support of the artiste who are to be employed in the Manu- 
factory of Arms. 

I am, &c. 

The official' Bond of William Berkeley as Treasurer of the Common- j^n. 6 
wealth, in the penalty of One Million of Dollars, with William Ran- 
dolph, Lewis Berkeley, John Pendleton, and William Hickman, on file. 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer appointed and held for Nottoway jan. 7 
County, on the Thursday the 7th of January, 1802, for the trial of Joe, 
negro man slave belonging to the Estate of Batt Jones dece'd, and also 
for the trial of Bob, negro man slave the property of John Royall, both 
on suspicion of advising, consulting and conspiring a rebellion and insur- 
rection of the slaves of this State, against the white inhabitants thereof, 


1802. or advising or consulting the murder of John Royall's white family of 
Jan. 7 gg^-^ County. 

Both prisoners were brought separately to the bar. there arraigned 
upon tfic charges mentioned, and had counsel assigned them by the Court. 

Sundry witnesses being charged, were examined and the counsel heard, 
upon consideration the Court are unanimous that both the prisoners are 
guilty as charged in the indictments, and that they be hanged on Satur- 
day the 16th instant until they be dead. 

Testimony in Joe^s case, 

Hampton, a negro man slave the property of Robert Jones, being 
charged as the law directs, says that about a week before Christmas last, 
the aforesaid negro man Joe met with him and asked him if he intended 
to do what he and Bob had talked of the other night, he answered he did. 
Joe then replied that if he did the}' would be better off than they were, 
that the white people had so much more liberty than they had, that 
they could not do as they pleased unless the white people were destroyed, 
and some short time after that he went with the said Joe and Bob together, 
Joe then asked him if he was of the same mind as he was when they 
talked together before to destroy the white people ; he answered that if 
he could go on without being hurt he would. Joe then said he was deter- 
mined to go on with it, and he further said that he was one of the sol- 
diers, and that they were to begin at John Royall's and kill him and all 
his white family, and that they were to go on from thence to the Burnt 
Ordinary and kill and cripple all the white people before them. 

Ned, a negro man slave the property of Capt. Grief Green, being 
charged as the law directs and examined, says, that he was in the town 
of Petersburg on Christmas day last, and heard three negroes unknown 
to him who were walking the street together, say that they intended to 
kill and cripple all the white people as they went, and that they would 
get arms in Petersburg, and that on Thursday night after Christmas last 
they were to begin ; that on the next day. as he came out of Petersburg, 
he met a n^^ man who told him he belonged to Verrell, who said he 
was going to ask him a question, would he join him in it; the witness 
asked him what was it, he said he wished him to join him and help him 
to kill all the white people; he refused to join him, and then said rather 
than miss he would give him four dollars; that the time appoint^ was 
Tliursday after Christmas, «and that the place they were to meet was in 
Petersbui^, and that he was to get his arms from there. 

Willis Pillar, being sworn and examined, says that on the last evening 
while he was guarding the prisoners in jail, he heard the said Joe say that 
he would not be in jail the next morning. He also says that Bob 
observed to Joe that it was the Patrollers that had caught them in the 

,•> » 


business, and that he had told York and Brister that it would come to 1802. 
this; and that the subject of their conversation was the insurrection. ^"* ' 

John Roy all, being sworn and examined, says that he had a fellow 
nameil Bristow; that there was a negro man named York who had^ wife 
at his house, and that there was a young fellow belonging to Pry or named 
Brister, who frequented his house. 

Tedimony in Trial of Bob. 

Hampton, negro man slave, r)roj)erty of Robert Jones, gave substan- 
tially the same evidence as in Joe^s case, with the addition that he (Bob) 
was to be a General ; that Mrs. Jones' May would be another General, and 
Mr. Fletcher's Paul a Captain. 

Ned, a negro man slave, the property of Capi Grief Green, being 
charged and examined, says that he was in the Town of Petersburg on 
last Christmas day and hoard three negroes (unknown to him), walking 
the street together, say that they intended to kill and cripple all the white 
I)eople as they went, and that they would get arms in Petersburg; that 
on Thursday night after ('hristmas last, they were to begin;, that on the 
next (lay as he came from Petersburg he met a negro man, who told him 
he belonged to Verrell, who said he was going to ask him a question, 
would he join him in it; the witness asked him what was it; he said he 
wished him to join him and help him kill all the white people. He 
refused to join him; and the man then said rather than miss he would 
give him four dollars, that tlie time appointed was Thursday after Christ- 
mas, and that the place they were to meet was in Petersburg, and that 
he was to get his arms from tliere. 

Signed by Frkeman Epes, 

James Dupuy. Jr., 
A«. HATcHprrr, 
James Jones, 
John Epes. 
Certified bv Thomas W. Todd, D. C. N. C. • 

W. Heth to the Governor. 

Asking that the meeting of the Cincinnati be postponed for one week. Jan. 13, 


John A. Robertson to the Governor. 

Having made an application last evening in behalf of Mrs. Jones and jj^^ ^5 
Mr. Royall, of Nottoway, praying a pardon for their slaves under sen- 
tence of death, and it now being almost the last moment from which a 



Jan. 15 


notification of Executive measures could be forwarded to the place of 
execution, I take the earlie^st opportunity this morning of repeating that 
application, which from its nature I hope will be immediately acted on, 
and in case a pardon should not be obtained, a respite for eight or ten 
days would answer the expectation of the owners, until the sense of the 
neighborhood could be had on the subject. 

I am, <&c. 

Frank Goode (negro) to Rolino Pointer, Powhatan. 

Jan. 18 Mr. Jacob Martin, my friend, be true and faithful to your trust; get 

your weapons all ready against the night appointed. Our travelling 
friend has got ten thousand in readiness to the night. You neede not 
be afraid to tell our friend, Pointer, anything you want me to no; he 
will bring it safe to me. You will tell Capt, Saunders I must see him in 
the course of a week, is I may give him information how to do. We 
have agreed to begin at Jude's Ferry and put to death every man on 
both sides of the river to Richmond, and I think we will get a Bundance 
of money and also men enuf — destroy Richmond when joined to the 
army that will meet us there on the appointed time. 

I am your aid and assistance. 

Jan. 19, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Informing of the shipment of negro Sam'l Brown (on board a Danish 
vessel), ordered for transportation by the Governor to St. Croix. The 
said negro said to belong to Mr. Elmore, living at Fregut, on that Island. 
Passage j)aid, twelve dollars. 

Jan. 19, 



Frank Carn to Wm. Wirt. 

That every one may know and be informed of a circumstance which 
e<iually concerns every citizen of Virginia is the principal motive which 
urges me to writ^you this letter. The citizens of this place received such 
information yesterday as to leave no room to doubt but that an insurrec- 
tion of the negroes would shortly take place in this town. Accordingly 
the town hall met and adoi)ted such measures as the urgency of the occa- 
sion would permit, tho' by no means adequate j)revention even the most 
partial of the consequences which would inevitably result from such an 


A patrol of six were ordered out whose only object was to give an alarm 
in ease the insurrection actually took place. And what poasible end 
would it answer merely to give an alarm when there is scarcely a possi- 
bility of an individuals escaping, and where to attempt a defence would 
be onl}^ the unavailing effort of despair. 

Without arms, without the means wherewith to make even a show of 
defence, what could the citizens of this place do, lulled as they are in an 
inglorious apathy, and dead to every sense of danger which so eminently 
threatens them? I do not believe there are twenty stand of arms in the 
place, and notwithstanding that the inhabitants make no exertions to 
obtain them no preparations for defence. 

The grounds on which this letter is written are the most explicit and 
undoubted. They are chiefly conversations overheard between negroes, 
and one of them addressed Thomas W. Maury in the street yesterday 
evening in a conversation which left not even the smallest grounds for 
doubting that an insurrection was in agitation. 

I am, &c. 


Jan. 19, 

Horatio Turpin to the Governor. 

From several corroborative circumstances which have lately transpired, 
I am inclined to believe that there is another insurrection in contempla- 
tion by the negroes in this neighborhood shortly. 

Major Harris's overseer, out late a few nights past, overheard the latter 
part of a conversation between two of his n^ro men. The subject was 
not immediately mentioned, but from what he heard, it was not suflScient 
to determine. 

One of them observed that the event would shortly take place; the 

other answered that it would certainly take place very shortly, and would 

create a great change in affairs. The Patrol was out on Saturday night 

last past, and was abused and insulted by a negro man, likewise in this 

neighborhood, who told them they had already been permitted to go on 

too long but that it should not be long before a stop should be put to 

them; and other instances of insolence of the same nature has lately 

taken place. I have thought it advisable to transmit this information as 

soon as possible, that you might make such arrangements as you might 

think most advisable. 

I am, (fee. 

Jan. 22, 

Certificate of John Timberlake, Clerk of County Court of Fluvanna, 
that James Payne, appointed Sheriff of Fluvanna, failed to give bond 
and security within two months of time of appointment, according to 



1802. A bill of Fenton & Cochran, of New Haven, for three Bells manufac- 

Jan. 25 tared by them, ordered for the Capitol, Manufactory of Arms, and 
Penitentiary, viz: 

1 Bell, weighing 588, at 28. 4d. per lb., £68.12.0 

1 do. do. 427, at 2s. 4d. per lb., 49.16.4 

1 do. do. 68, at 8s. per lb., 10.04.0 

1 Tongue, weighing 19^, at 28. 4d. per lb., - - - - 2.05.6 

1 do. do. 16 J, at 2s. 4d. per lb., - - - - 1.18.6 

1 do. do. 4, at 3.s., 12.0 


Jos. Martin and ('Rked Taylor to the Governor. 

Jan. 2() Col. Moore, who was one of the Commissioners appointed to settle the 

boundary line with the State of Tennessee, luis accepted a commission 
under the United States as Marshal of the Western District, hence a 
vacancy in the appointment for adjusting the above line, and oa it 
devolves on the Executive to supply that vacancy, we take the liberty to 
submit it to their consideration, and have only to add that if it could be 
now supplied, it would afford sonje convenience to us in opening a corre- 
spondence on that subject. 

We have the honor. &c. 

In the Senate, 
Wednesday, JdnuHrif 27ih, 1802. 

Jan. 27 The. House proceeded by joint ballot with the House of Delegat^js to 

the choice of a Judge of the District Court of Chancery to be held at the 
town of Staunton according to the usual form. 

Ujwm an examination of the ballot boxes, it was found that a majority 
of votes were in favor of John Brown, Es<j. 

In the Senate, 
Thursday, Jtinuanf 28th, J802. ' 

Jan. 28 The House proceeded by joint ballot with the House of Delegatos to 

the <'hoice of a Judge of the District Court of Chancery to be holden in 
the City of Williamsburg according to the usual form. 

I'pon an examination of the ballot boxes, it was found that a majority 
of votes were in favour of Willian) Wirt, Esquire. 



Th*36. H. Bayly to thi Govkrxor. 

In the county of Aceomae a troop of Ca\*alry has lately Uvu rats^\l. 
under the command of Capt. Re veil. This tr\K>p» though very desirvuis 
to equij* themselves, have not been able to acev>mpHsh it, and are now 
very deficient in swords, pistols. Jtc. 

T persuade myself that when the Executive view our situativnu they 
will not neirlect furnishing this troop oi' I a\*alry ivmpletely. 

Our ciiunty is long and narrow, open to attack on ewry |H»int, and our 
internal enemv are numerous i>n that shon\ and shouKl an insurr^vtion 
take place, this troop will he of gnnit ad\*antage. as they would nu»ve ra|w 
idly. As we could expect no assistance from our felh>w-oitiiens on this 
shore in case of emergency, we ought to l)e favoreil with arms, for as yet 
we have !>een neglected. When many of the towns in this State wen* 
armed by the late law. the Eastern Shore, retpiiring it more than nmny, 
were refused. 

I will thank you, sir, to communicate the above to the Council of State, 
that they may in their wisdom do what is right 

I am, «Scc. 


Thomas II. Bayly to the Govbrnor. 

I am requested to state to your consideration that there now resides in 
the County of Accomac four old native Indians that rei]uire 8Up|H>rt 
from some source. The overseers of the poor in that county believe 
that they have no jiower to grant them assistance, and as y(»t they have 
been supported by private subscriptions. If the Kxtvutive should think 
that they have |)ower to make any allowance, I am sure it will be prt)- 
perly exercised upon those objects of charity. 

A man, one of the tril)e, now waits in Richmond, and can bt» exam- 
ined for your determination, and having requested mo to nuike this com- 
munication, which it is my dutv to do. 

I am, (&c. 

MosBs Grebr to the Governor. 

A resolution has passed the General Assembly authorizing the Execu- 
tive to appoint commissioners for the puri>osc of establishing the West- 
em Boundary Line between this State and the State of Maryland. 

If your Excellency and the Council of State should think me a pro- 
|)er person to act as one of the Commissioners, I shall think Uiyself 
highly honored by such appointment. 

I have the honor to be, <&c. 

Feb. 1. 


Jons Prunty to the Gotersor. 

SfUicibt ajiiiointment an com mi-xsi oner for nintiing the Boundary Line 
with Mar^-land, and recommending Cot. Wiitiam John, ot MoDongalU. 
as o'»-cointnLwioner, and (ieoi^e Amald, of Harrison, as Borveyor for 


Agreeable to the ordera of the Mayor of the dty of Richmond, there 
has been a I'atroll kejit up from the nineteenth R^ment There appears 
to be ammunition wanting for that purpose. I make free now to request 
you to inform me how it is to be had occasionally, and that Joshua Weal, 
Quartermaster to said R^ment, should be now supplied with three hun- 
dred cartridges and one hundred flints. 
I am, &c. 


Feb. 4, Asking to be supplied with copy of the Ins|>ection Ijftws for the iiseof 

(^rt^rsville WoonlHon'H Warehouse Inspectors. 

William Carter to the Governor. 
Soliciting appointment as Sui^eon to the Penitentiary and Barracka. 

T. H. F0U8HEE TO the Governor. 
Soliciting appointment as Surgeon at the Penitentiary. 

At a Court held for Caroline County at the Courthouse on the 9th day 
of February, 1802. 

It is ordered to be certified to His Excellency the Governor and Coun- 
cil, that Elizabeth (.'arr, Patty Rose and Richard Riddle who have here- 
tofore been allowed pensions, are stUl alive and that the causes for cod- 
tiauance of their respective allowances are not removed. 


John Pendleton, Jr., D. C. 


At a Court of Oyer and Terminer held for the County of Brunswick, i802. 
on the third day of February, 1802, for the trial of a negro man slave ^®"* ^^ 
Phil, the property of Randolph Hagood of Brunswick County. 

Present: John Stith, Theophilus Field, Abner Brown, David Meade 
and Griffin Stith. Gentleman, Justices. 

The Court being thus constituted, proceeded to the examination of 
Phil, negro man slave belonging to Randolph Hagood of the County of 
Brunswick, on the charge of making insurrection against the Common- 
wealth, and of conspiring and plotting the murder of the said Randolph 
Hagood. Divers witnesses being sworn and examined, and the prisoner 
heard by his counsel in his own defence ; on mature consideration the 
opinion of the Court was that the said Phil was guilty of the charge set 
forth in the indictment, and ordered that the said Phil be hanged on 
Friday the 12th day of February, 1802. 

Testimony (uUluced in the trad of Phil. 

George, a negro man slave the property of Ephraim Jackson of full 
ajro. being first duly charged and swoni, deposeth and saith, that the 
prisoner at the bar informed him that Isaac a negro man slave belonging 
to the ej^tate of Joseph Wilkes, dcce'd, had been out in Carolina doctering 
and to raise men (meaning negroes) to kill the white people, and that he 
the said Isaac had enlisted him the said Phil to enlist the negroes in his 
neighborhood to join, and asked him the said George to join. 

Rinsum, a negro the pn)perty of Ephraim Jackson, being first duly 
charged and sworn, deposeth and saith, that he heard the prisoner make 
use of nearly the same words, and asked him to join him, and that they 
Were to kill all the white people, men, women and children as they went. 

Jeffrey, a negro man slave, the property of the estate of Joseph Wilkes, 

being sworn, deposeth and saith that he heard the prisoner at the bar say 

that he would not serve old Randolph Hagood, and that he would raise 

a company (meaning of nc^oes) and kill old Randolph and then the 

rent of the white people. 

A copy — Teste: 

Herbert Hill, C. B. C. 

At a Court of Gyer and Terminer held for the County of Brunswick, peb. 11 
^>n Wednesday, the third day of February. 1802, for the trial of Isaac, a 
^f^^To man slave, the property of the estate of Joseph Wilkes, dec'd, late 
^f this county : 

Present: John Stith, Griffin Stith, Theophilus Field, Aaron Brown, and 
^^avid Meade, Gent. Justices. 

The Court being thus constituted, pioceeded to the examination of 


1802. Isaac, nejijro man slave, the |)roi)erty of the estate of Joseph Wilkes, 
Feb. 11 (Jec'd. late of this county, charged with making insurrection against the 
Commonwealth, and conspiring and plotting the murder of Thomas 
Wilkes and Burwell Wilkes. 

Divers witnesses were sworn and examined, and the prisoner heard by 
his Council in his own defence; whereupon, and upon mature considera- 
tion being had, it was the opinion of the court that the said Isaac was 
guilty of the charges contained in the Indictment. On consideration 
thereof, it was ordered that the said Isaac be hanged on Friday, the 12th 
day of February, 1802. 

TeM'nmmy adduced at the t.rud of Isaac, najm man slat^e, the property of 

the estate of Joseph WUkes, deceamd. 

Feb. 1 1 Jefl'rey, a negro man slave, the property of Joseph Wilkes, dec'd, being 

first duly charged and sworn, de|K)8eth and saith that the prisoner, Isaac, 
ctmio to his (the said Isaac's) mothers one night; that his mother 
advised him to come home (he being thereby urged) or they would raise 
a comi>any and take him, he nodded his head and replyed he would raise 
a Company too. 

Adam, a negro man slave, the property of Ephraim Jackson, l)eing 
first duly charged and sworn, deposeth and saith, that the prisoner, Isaac, 
came to where he was at work one da}', and in conversation said he 
would not serve the Wilkes, and that he would kill or be killed first. 

George, a negro man slave, the property of Ephraim Jackson, being 
first duly charged and sworn, deposeth and saith that the prisoner, Isaac, 
came to where he was at work one day, and informed him that he had 
engaged Phil (a negro man belonging to Randolph Hagood) to raise a 
company (meaning of negroes), and that he had been engaged himself 
to raise a company in order to kill the whites, and asked him to join, 
and that Thomas Wilkes was the first, and Rurwell Wilkes the next that 
was to be put to death. 

Ramson, a negro slave belonging to Ephriam Jackson, being first 
duly charged and sworn, deposeth and saith, that the prisoner Isaac came 
to him one day where he was ploughing, and informed him that he had 
V>ecn in No. Carolina a docteringand raising men, (meaning negroes) and 
that he would kill the white people, and that Thomas Wilkes were the 
first, and Bi^rwell Wilkes next, that was to be killed, and then put all 
men, women and children to death. 

A copy — Teste: 

Hkrbert Hill, C. B. C. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

Urging that the timber Lost advertised for should be procured speedily 1802. 
for the Manufactory of Arms. 

James Newell, S. W. C, to the Governor. 

Inclosed is a copy of the certificate given to Abram Trigg, Represen- Feb. 15, 
tative in Congress from the district of which this county is a jiart. ^ ^ 

I am, &c. 

On comparing the polls taken in our respective counties for the elec- 
tion of a Representative in Congress in the district composed of the 
counties of Wythe, Washington, Russell, Lee, Grayson, Tazewell, Mont- 
gomery, Monroe, Greenbrier, Kanawha, we do hereby certify that Abram 
Trigg is elected agreeable to law. Witness our hands this 29th da}^ of 
April, 1801. 

Jamas Newell, S. VV^C. ; John Arbuckle, Deputy for Isaac Estill, of 

Monroe county; Abram Dyerle, Deputy of Jas. Bamet, of Montgomery 

county; .John McClurg, Deputy of Sam'l Price, of Greenbrier county; 

Hyram Craig, D. 8. for Wm. Tate, S. W. C; Jonathan Wood, D. S. for 

John Tate, 8. R. C\ 


James Newell, S. W. C. 

Meriwether Jones to the Governor. 

Asking for an advance of one thousand dollars on his work of print- Feb. 19, 
ing the Laws of the Commonwealth, now nearly com[)Ieted. *^ °^^^ 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Transmitting an account for $13 67 expended by him during the in- Feb. 20, 
5*urrection of 18(X) for cartridge paper. Penitentiary 

Philip Norborne Nicholas to the Governor. 

I beg leave to call your attention to the situation of certain public Feb. 20, 

lands in the county of Buckingham which seem to require the immediate »C"^on<l 

attention and interference of the Government 



1802. They were originally purchased for the puri)08e of supporting a blast 

Feb. 20, furnace to be conducted by Balentine & Reveley, who were to become 
proprietors of the property upon paying a (juantity of pig iron to the 
State. The quantity of iron stipulated was, I believe, never delivered, 
and of course the equitable title to the lands remained in the State, they 
having been originally conveyed to Trustees for the benefit of the Fur- 
nace. The Trustees, except Mayo Carrington, who was added to the 
original Trustees by assent, are now dead. Revele}', the surviving part- 
ner, from occasional derangement of mind, is unable to attend to the 
lands; indeed I do not suppose he has any right, from the view which I 
have taken of the subject. A suit ha^s been histituted agreeable to reso- 
lutions of the Assembly and of counsel to compel Reveley to settle his 
accounts and to com]>el a sale or re-conveyance of the lands to the State. 
In the meantime several persons are, and have been for some time, 
committing great devastations on the lands. I would submit it to tlie 
Executive whether it will not be proper for the Government to ap|>oint 
an agent to take possession of the lands on the part of the public and to 
prevent further waste. There are one or two persons who have posses- 
sion of part of the land and cultivate them under leases from Reveley 
from year to year, which I think he has no right to make. One of these, 
a Mr. Minton, who has filed an answer in the suit brought by me, has 
admitted that he has no claim except under Reveley, and that he is will- 
ing to deliver up the lands at the end of the year to the persons entitled. 
The agent might receive the lands of such persons who claim leases as 
are willing to deliver them up, and take measures for the preservation <»f 
the other parts from waste. 

I am, &c. 

Philip Norborne Nicholas, Geo. Hay, and Edm'd Randolph to 

THE Governor. 

Feb. 20, We duly received your favor of the 8th ultimo, requesting that wo 

Kictiinond gho^l^l have a conference with Mr. Henry Hanks on the subject of the 
claim of Mr. De fieaumarchais. We have received a letter from him of 
the 19th instant, in which he state;? the objects to which he should direct 
his enquiries should he be employed by the Executive. We have consid- 
ered Mr. Banks's communication, which we transmit herewith, and upon 
mature rellection, have formed the opinion that it would be most advis- 
able for the Con) mon wealth, considering the situation of the suit of 
Beaumarchais's representatives, to decline for the j)r('sent acting on the 
subject in the manner contemi>lated by Mr. Banks. We are of this 
opinion, because we think that the Court have already decided in favor 
of the Commonwealth a.s to a large proportion of the claim, and that as 

cMJSkXitj^ m ^iTjni: nrass. 'Sss^ 

tbink tlua whenever, iroiij a uiiuiure oi mrr.uni^itaTim^, xhui coim b^ Ui^n^nrt 

^matilfd 14 > ckicitk' xlit- deckinij will bf ifiV€lralJk'tl•thf*'^^ua<i. T^iil-Hhoiild 

It be adveTHfc. it will \*t tinif ^nciiurb "then li^ msik^ sai in vwOiiijiaion 1^ilih 

a riew tt» new evidenafi. wiiicL inaT \i^ made the ffmi]da3ar«D of a bill ol 


Ve jEpe, ^fa•.- 

RjraffMovn, Ff*}^\j 7fftL 7^^*^. 

r*TiTiii«r the trya] of the case i»6tw««ii 1^ Ocujtfnirtnf^'aaJtii m^A S^^i^ 
muxihaifv, 1 wa^ iuduoed for mj cmru saferfactticm, 1;<*» tnilre finq^i^- JnV^ 
the nieiitft- and 1 fcinned an ctjoidcm t^iaJ nrt&mir wa?; Atk* V> Roawwia?^ 
chaifi The cijdnidii erf tlie Juds^ whic3i 3<V!Ua^ #mU "nt^itwr ^^^ <9wi, 
I l«e3jeTe tc» l»e e(«T«ct and the ngiinicxn wbo tiboxicfct lima 4tti ^jUiJ^^m**)?*^- 
slKfuld l»e made V^ Mr. Beii.iimarcibaijv. a^i^^exr* t** tw %o hikVt y^JTiWyvirvJ 
fpom a mi^ta^ a^ to tbe rahoe <^ Ti«biaac«> aa &e <iait« i'tf t3>o <V)Q^tin^N 1 
Wliere that my c>}»rmc«D on thi^ ^flabjart n^ay be ^^i^ivalvfHj bv ii«!ixv<!=aii^ 
tiitns InU* tr&naactScoif: <iif tltat date. 

I have tbongiat llial the lV*ranx« wealth V int^ewssiJ ly^^^iwvi tlwil tW 
caste sIk+hM W ftillT examined ai>«i <tafed. whkh nwiT ^'ne dc^^e bx* tlvr aiiJ 
of ^oDdrv bcM^^ and ddcoments, which ai>e in the Auxlitiivr^ l>Ak^ anv^l 
tbe aid of te&^iiDoiiT which maj be oblaiiMd. 

These will «bew thai Mr BeaumaitJiais has bee« folly |wixl avv^Mfxiii^^^r 
to the settiement which was formeriy made by Mr, |jei^itx>i) Wi^^l. 

To asoertain the feds which are material to the l\Hiinwn wvtjillh'^ J«t^r- 
est, will be attended witli dome unavoidable cx|>eniie!5 whict) i( will m^ 
9uii me tr» defray. The time and trouble which it will cost I aii) wtUii^ 
to aflforfl. and after the senrice is rendered, I shall be willii^ t^> s?ubnut 
the remuneration to the judgment of the Ehcecutive. Tlie invieB!iti|piitions 
ha^e satisfied me that there is nothing due. I am not disiKi^ willunit 
further inquiry to state them in detail. If my services may be wi^wirtHl 
by the public departments to which this case belongs, it will be nect^ssary 
to direct a report of the whole case, and to j^ennit me to ha\>* 5ici>>8s to 
the public archives of that date. 

The foregoing letter is written in consequence of the di^ire of the 
Executive that you should confer with me on Mr. Rcauinarchais^s w\«o. 

I am, &c, 

Hknky Banks. 
Philip Norbome Nicholas, Esq'r. 

Wheeler's Works, February 2Srfl^ tSO^. V^h, 211 

This day I have inspected and passed Two hundred muHkotH nmnu- 
factured at this place, the barrels of which had heretofore been duly 


1802. proved, and seen the same carefully packed up in good order in chests 
Bel). 2.i jp j^Ij^ wagon of William Thorn, who haa engaged to convey the same in 
safety to the city of Richmond. 

( ertified under my hand. 

John Strodk. 
Teste : 

Edward Pendlkton. 

Geor(je Nicholson to the Governor. 

Feb. 2.% Soliciting a commission a.s Surveyor of the County of Norfolk, the 

Portsmou (^'^^^irt and Professors of William and Mary College having recommended 

John Clarke to the (Governor. 

Feb. 25 r enclose you a letter which I received some time ago from Mr. John 

Hodson, of Birmingham (England), with an Invoice of some of the 
articles which were to be furnished by him for the Virginia Manufactory 
of Arms (all of which articles have been received as per Invoice except 
twenty-two cross-hars, marked A in said Invoice). I have lately receivt»d 
a letter from Col. Robert Gamble on the subject of those articles, accom- 
panying an account of a Mr. Warren Ashley, of Norfolk, which 1 also 
enclose, together with the original contract made with Mr. Hodgson for 
supplying the said articles. 

The Invoice sent by Mr. Hodgson appears to be in conformity with 
the Contnict, but the account of Mr. Ashley having embraced charges 
not stipulated in the contract, 1 was induced to en(|uire of Col. Gamble, 
who assured me that such charjres are usually incurred in mercantile 
transactions. He says that the 10 [>V cent, in Mr. Ashley's acc't ^which 
I supposed to be Mr. Hodgson's connnission) is one of the duties of the 
United States. By that statement 12i p. ct. and If) per cent, is charged 
upon the in per cent, as well as on the cost and (charges of the articles. 
Not having the laws at hand, to them 1 must refer you for further infor- 
mation respecting said duties. 

I am, ttc. 

Feb. 2') '^^ a Court held for Amelia Comity the ^oth day of February, 1802: 

John Archer, (uMit, is nominated and reconnnended to the Executive 
as a tit and [iropei^person as an escheator in this county. 

A Copy— Teste: 

Jamrs T<>wnes, C. a. C. 



Capt. Peter Gurrant, a contractor for furnishing lumber for the Public i802. 
Wareliouse, files a bond and security. 

Stafford County, Fehrua'nj Courts 1802, 

Ordered, that Robert H. Hove he recommended to his Excellency, the 

Cu»vernor and Council, as a i)roper person to he commissioned Coroner 

of this county. 

A Copy — Teste: 

VV. Peyton, Cl'k S. Ct. 

John Clarke's statement of accounts of various parties for work done Feb. 27 


Manufactory of Arms, 
Penitentiary, - 



Peter Gurrant's proposal to furnish lumber for the Public Warehouse Feb. 27 
according to specifications furnished him for one thousand pounds. 

Sam'l Coleman to Capts. Clarke and Underwood. 

Mr. Wheeler has sent us two hundred muskets more, which I am in- 
structed to request you will be so obliging as to examine and report Uie number, quality, and condition to the Executive; and as Col. 
Quarrier is unable to attend to it, that Capt. Underwood will be so good 
as to have them deposited in the roof of the Capitol with the other arms. 

I am, (fee. 

March 2 

Archibald Roane to the Governor. * 

I have the pleasure of acknowledging the receipt of your letter of the March 3, 
9th of February. KnoxviUe 

No communications have been received from the Commissioners ap- 
pointed by your Excellency on the subject of arranging the time and 
placiB of meeting; and, pursuant to your request, I beg the favor of you 
to apprize them that it will be agreeable to my wishes that the Commis- 
sioners appointed on behalf of this State should meet them on the third 
day of May next at Capt. James Thompson's, in Washington County, 



1802. Virginia, to proceed from thence in discharge of the duties confided to 
March 3. them by the respective States. 

I liave, &c. 

March 3 Petition of Abram McDonald, convicted in the District Court at Dum- 
fries of the murder of Janies Hillingsley, of Fauquier County, and 
sent<3nced to the Penitentiary for the term of four years. This petition 
is very numerously signed, and is for the remission of his sentence on 
the ground of justification and self-defence. 

Andrew Reid, Clkrk of Kookbridoe, to the Governor. 

March 4 I, Andrew Heid, Clerk of said County Court, do hereby certify that on 
the night between the second and third instant the Court House (»f said 
(■ounty wtis destniyed by fire, and that the meeting house in or near 
Lexington is considered by a meeting of the Magistrates to be the most 
proper place for holding Courts for said County until the Court House is 

I am desired to re<iuest that the proclamation be forwarded per mail 
with all possible dispatch. 

Teste : 

Andrew Reii>, C. R. Ct. 
March 4th, 1<S()2. 

March 5 The oifudal Bond of William Rerkeley as Treasurer of the Common- 
wealth for one year from the time of appointment, in the penalty of One 
Million of Dollars, with Wilson C. Nicholas as security, is filed. 

James I^rice to the Governor. 

March 9 Transmits resignation of commission as Tobacco fns]>cctor at Hyrd's 
Warehouse on account of bad health. 

Thos. Mathews to the Governor. 

March 10 ^ ^^^'^ ^^ ^^X ^^^^^X ^*^ inform your Excellency that various report* are 

Norfolk in circulation in this place and its vicinity respecting designs in the 

people of color inimical to the peace of society. These report>» appear 

to have made a considerable imj)ression on the minds of many respecta- 



ble citizen? ; yet I am compelled to confess that, after strict enquirv, 1 

am not inclined to stam]) them with any dqrrce of creiiit The ro|x^rt^<i 

in circ-ulation are that frequent meetings are held in the neic:hlx>rhotx^ of 

this place; that those meetings have consist^ni of from one to three and 

four hundred: that a corresjKmdence is held hy these meetings with 

similar ones in North Carolina : that an emissarv is now in this town 

shortly to take his leave to that State with comnmnications. Thus for 

tlie re|K)rts. 

In consequence of the alann they have created, 1 have taken measures 

to apprehend the sup]X)sed emissary with as little noise as )>os8ible, the 

moment he commences his tour. I have not communicated the c*>ntonts 

of this letter to any |K»rson, least it might give strengtli to tlie rei>ort; yet 

I thimght it my dut}' to la}' the same before your Excellency, and shall 

be happy in executing any ordere you may think projHir to issue on the 


I am, S:c, 


Man^h 10, 


John Cowpkr to the Governor, 

I take the lil>erty of addressing you on a subject of much im|H>rtance 
to this place an<l may l>ecome of general concern. It is known that 
when the troubles obliged the inhabitants? of the French Islands to seek 
refuge in other countries, that a number of them came to the United 
States, and to this State aime numbers, and particularly to this place, 
V)ringing with them a number of slaves and others forbid by Iaw to 
l)ecome residents of this State. 

From motives of humanity, the Police, I presume, was induced to Uike 
no notice of the evasion or violation of the Taw on this o<»cjiHion. 

But, sir, at this moment I cannot disguise my anxiety, in which f am 
joined by many of our most reputiible citizens. Tliere are now a consid- 
erable number of persons of the above description in this phice, whose 
dispositions, I apprehend, will be influenced by the accounts which are 
daily arriving and published concerning the horrid scenes of St. Do- 

On this subject, your Excellency will more readily conceive the sensa- 
tions which arise from apprehensions of this nature than I can describe. 
The situation of this place is such as a few hours would reduce it to 
jishes. I am well assured that the removal of those persons will be 
attended with some difliculty and should be managed with great delicacy, 
ISO much so that 1 hope you will excuse my troubling you with this 
letter. At the same time, I beg, sir. that you will favor me with your 
advice. 1 should add, that I do not know of any circumstance at this 
time which indicates a disposition that is to be seriously apprehended. 

I am, &c. 

Marvh 1 1 , 



March 11 

James Grbbnhow to the Governor. 

Asking that some compensation he allowed to the nurse to the sick of 
the Guard at the Barracks; also for a grat« to be placed in one of the 
fireplaces of the building. 

March 12 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Informing him of proposal of Henry Harper, of Gloucester county, to 
furnish black walnut gun stocks at fifteen pence, delivered at Rocketts, 
and asking instructions. 

Advising that the contract for executing the wood work of the Public 
Warehouse should at once be advertised for, and that the Board should 
determine whether the roof thereof should be of tile or slate. 

Asking whether a bill of John Taylor for brass nuts (ot the Armory 
should be held back for a settlement of amount claimed of him on 
account of a bell formerly belonging to the Capitol being broken, for 
which Taylor is supposed to be responsible. 

Suggesting the employment of certain gunsmiths who have come seek- 
ing work in the new Armory, which is not quite ready, to clean the arms 
stored in the Capitol. 

Suggesting the purchase of a quantity of walnut gun stocks (well sea- 
soned) in Philadelphia, to last until those procured here are fit to work. 

March 13 

Henry Carberry to the Governor. 

Enclosing one of the 12th March by J. Dubois, both asking Executive 
interference in behalf of a negro man named Jack Neale, sold by his 
master near Frederick town, Md., and taken tow^ards liOuisiana by the 
nmn who bought him. The said Jack while on the Ohio River killed 
his purchaser, for which he was committed to jail in Kanawha County, 
and tried and condemned in the Court of that County to suffer death for 
his act. 

March 13, 

* , 

Thomas Mathews to the Governor. 

Since writing to your Excellency on the 10th instant, I have made no 
discovery that induces me to alter the opinion I then gave respecting the 
reports in circulation at this? place. 

The fears of the people have not yet subsided. My design as hinted 
to your Excellency against the supposed emissary, has been frustrated by 
the interference of the civil magistrate. No discovery has been made 


from that measure. Should any thing occur that shall alter my opinion 1802. 
or in any manner give the colour of probability to the reports, 1 shall j^^^/jf ' 
immediately communicate the same to your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 

John Minor to the Governor. 

Mr. Lee agent or Escheator for this Commonwealth in the County of Man^h 18, 
Prince William, requested me to aid the AttV-General in sustaining the *^»<^hmond 
ri^ht of the Commonwealth against the claim of one, Briscoe, to a tract 
of land in the County of Prince William, which Escheated to the Com- 
raonwealth ; I haye accordingly done all I could to promote the interest 
of the Commonwealth, and mean to continue my exertions particularly 
as I am informed bv the Attorney-General, that it is the wish of the 
Executive that I should do so: but I beg leave to inform the Executive 
that I have yet received no fee in this case; indeed I have never before 
asked for one. 

Three years ^o a Commission was issued to take some Depositions in 
Ivondon, which were thought important, and the Executive undertook to 
have them taken, and I have heard did send over Commissions for that 
purj>ose, but the Depositions have not yet been taken. If the Executive 
have not already an agent in London to attend to the business, I beg 
leave to mention Mr. Irvin, American Consul now at London as a fit per- 
s<jn to discharge the trust. 

I am, &c. 

J. Monroe to the Governor. 

The original of the enclosed letter was sent by post to Mr. Jefferson March 15 
on this day, to enable him to adjust the acc't of the artist Houdon. 

I have lately received from Messrs. Grand and (-onipany, the enclosed 
a<count of their transactions for the State of Virginia; which having all 
(except the last of them) taken place under my inspection, I have, 
examined and found them just, and so certified. It appears that a bal- 
ance is thereon due to them from the State of £6,93L9.6. I have taken 
the liberty of putting under your cover, a letter to the Auditor, which, if 
you will be so good as to peruse before you order it's delivery to him, 
will explain to you an eventual reduction of the balance to £4997.0. 
Messrs. Grand and Company are entitled to receive the balance in sj)ecie 

livres, of which kind those were which were due to Houdon. As they have 




March 15 

carried their whole balance into account againt me, it will give me satis- 
faction to be able when it shall suit your convenience, to inform them 
when and how they may expect payment. 

T embrace with pleasure every occasion offered me, of assuring you of 
the sentiments of sincere respect and esteem, with which I have the 
honor to be your Excellency's 

Most obed\ most humble servant. 

Tho. Jefferson. 

March 16, 

W. Jackson, Secretary-Gbneral, TO the President of the Vir- 
ginia State Society of the Cincinnati. 

I beg leave to request that you will notify the Virginia State Society 
of the Cincinnati that the triennial general meeting is to be held in the 
city of Washington on the fifth Monday in May next, when it is exceed- 
ingly wished that their delegates may attend. 

The nomination of those Gentlemen now in Congress, who are mem- 
bers of the Society, may facilitate the c^onvcning of a quorum of Dele- 

I am, ike. 

Wm. Herbert, President, to the Governor. 

March 17, 

Enclosing statement: 

Balwice of the Rooka heloaglag to the PreHuhat and Directors of the Bank 

of AUr.andria, 
Dr. Cr. 

To Bills and Notes 
Discounted, - 
Cash, - - - . 
Bonds,- - - - 
Bank House,- - 
Incidental ch'g\s, 
Love's House. - 





851/222 50 

477,811) 35 

4,911 85 

4,500 00 

1,872 70 

837 05 

$1,840,163 45 

By Capital Stock, - 
" Bank Notes, - 
Post Notes, - - 
Deposits, - - 
" Discount, - - 
Discounts unp'd, 
Profit and Ix)S8, 
Interest, - - 






500,00(J 00 
493,380 OO 
143,448 91 
190,475 48 
8,;^5 28 
2,839 75 
1,122 28 
511 ^'^ 

$1,340,163 45 

J. A. Sitton, B. K. 
GoHiM)N Chapin. Cash'r. 

Bank of Alexandria, Mar. 2d, 1802. 



George Balfour to the Governor. 

Soliciting appointment as Health Officer for Norfolk. 

• 1802. 
March 17, 

Creed Taylor to the Governor. 

Suggesting the first day of October, 1802, as the most convenient and March 27 
suitable time for beginning to run the Boundary Line of Virginia and 
Tennessee, at the j)lace in Washington, designated by Mr. Roane. 

Creed Taylor and PetDr Johnston to the Governor of Tei^- 


Suggesting the first day of October, 1802, as the most convenient and March 29 
!:?uitable day for beginning to run the Boundary Line of Virginia and 
Tennessee, at the place in Washington, designated by Mr. Roane. 

Creed Taylor and P. Johnston to the Governor. 

W^e have to request that you will furnish us with a copy of the Act of March 29 
the T^egislature of Tennessee appointing commissioners to meet those 
from this State for the purpose of adjusting the boundary line between 
the two States. This document will be necessary to enable us to ascer- 
tain the nature and extent of their powers. 

We shall also have occasion for copies of the various L^slative Acts 
of Virginia and North Carolina relative to the subject of the disputed 
line, and beg that they may be transmitted with every other document, 
which, in your judgment, will yield us any aid in the execution of the 
duties assigned to us. 

We are, &c. 

At a Court of Directors of the Hospital for the maintenance and cure 
of persons of unsound mind, held at the Hospital, at Williamsburg, the 
31st day of March, 1802: 

Ordered, That the treasurer of the Hospital be directed to apply to the 
Executive for a warrant from the Auditor of Public Accounts on the 
Treasurer of this State for sixteen hundred dollars. 

A copy — Teste: 

Will Russell, C. C. D. 

March 31 


JouN Clarke to the Governor. 

1802. • Mr. John Taylor who has in his possession the hroken bell which for- 
1^" nierly belonged to the Capitol, proposes to give one shilling per pound 

for it. 

That I think a low price for the metal, but from a conversation with 
the workers in brass of this city, I do not think a higher price can be got 

You will please inform me whether he shall have the bell at that ])rice, 
or whether the bell shall be retained and the money due him for work 
paid to him. 

The amount of enclosed account is as follows : 

Prosser & Moncure, £4. 10. 

Thomas White, - - 44. 1. 7i 

Robert Gordon's Acc't, - .-'. . _ . 4. 3. 11 

£52. 15. ^ 

Samuel Sueppard to the Governor. 

April 10, I am under the necessity of troubling your Excellency and the Hon'ble 

Offi^ Board of Council on behalf of Mr. Jackson, the Clerk of Accounts in this 

Office, whose salary, by the Act of last Assembly, entitled an Act to fix 

the salaries of certain officers, is reduced from S625 per annum to $41(> 

67cts. The additional salary heretofore given him was by orders of the 

Executive of the 6th of January, and 5th of April. 1797, to make it 

equal with that of the first clerk in this office, and to which it had been 

raised in the case of Mr. Heitman, Mr. Jackson's predecessor in this birth, 

by a resolution of Assembly of October session, 1787. The duties of 

the Clerk of Accounts are laborious and important, and require the skill 

of an able accountant, such a one as Mr. Jackson. I, therefore, presume 

to hope, sir, that the Board will be pleased to direct the difference to be 

made up quarterly out of the Contingent Fund untU the next General 


I am, &c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

April 10 As a number of apprentices will be required in the several branches 

of the Manufacture of Arms in our* works, and it being an important 

object that young Virginians should be taught the art of making arms, 

I beg leave to suggest the propriety of advertising for apprentices in the 

aewspapers of this city. 

I am, &c. 


Certificate of John Timberlake, clerk of Fluvanna, that Michael Atkis- 1802. 
son, appointed Sheriff of said county on the 23d day of January, 1802, ^P"* ^^ 
had failed to give l)ond and security within two months of the date of 

John Cowper to the Governor. 

I am sorry to be under the necessity of communicating to the Execu- April 17, 
tive circumstances of a serious and alanning nature, and although I am Norfolk 
not able at this moment to afibrd such full and satisfactory information 
as I hope to transmit in a few days, I deemed it proper to give you such 
information as I now possess, with a view to prevent the confusions 
which the exaggerations of rumor might create. 

For some weeks past it has been rumored that an insurrection of the 
negroes was to take place on the night of Monday next (being Easter 
Monday). These re|)orts were always examined into, and I must con- 
fess that there did not appear to me to be any just ground for apprehen- 
sion. All these reports, however, agreed in stating that the signal of 
commencing tlie insurrection was to \ye setting fire to this place. Under 
these circumstances, all that could be done was to order strong Patrols of 
militia each night, which was directed with promptness by the Majors of 
the Battallions. 

Yesterday this affair assumed a more serious aspect. Early in the 
morning a man by the name of Lewis called on me and informed me of 
the following circumstances. On the 15th, about five miles from this 
place, on the Princess Anne Road, he met with and was from some sus[)i- 
cions induced to take up a negro called Will, belonging to the Estate of 
Mary Walke, but hired to one Floyd, of Princess Anne. Floyd being an 
acquaintance of Lewis, the latter took Will to Floyd, suspecting as he 
had no pass that he was absent without leave. When he arrived at 
Floyd's the agitation of Will was so remarkable as to induce a susjncion of 
his having either perpetrated or intended to perpetrate some great crime, 
and as the subject of conversation of the day first occurred, he was 
accused by Lewis and the others of such a design, upon which he con- 
fessed that such a plan was in agitation. He stated that sundry slaves 
(who he named) had invited him to join in setting the town on fire on 
Monday next; that he did not agree to join, but was on his way to Nor- 
folk to see what was to be done. Yesterday Dr. Reed, one of the 
Aldermen, went to Kempsville, where Will was confined in jail, when he 
confirmed all that is above stated. « Measures were taken to apprehend 
those named, and most of them have been secured in the jails of Prin- 
cess Anne and this place, and I persuade myself that from some of them 
a compleate development of this business wiU be made. 

Since writing the preceding, additional discoveries have been made to 




April 17, 


April 23, 



April 23, 



confirm what I have already stated, but the mail closing I cannot go into 

detail. Such precautions are taken that I can assert that no mischief 

can happen here. 

I am, &c. 

Halifax County Court: 

Trial of Sancho, a negro man slave, charged with conspiring to 
rebel and to murder Daniel Dejarnett 

Present: William Terry, William McDaniel, William Thompson, Isaac 
II. Coles, and Charles Meriwether, Gentlemen Justices. 

John A. Fowlkes was assigned as council for the prisoner, and divers 
witnesses being sworn and examined, Sancho was found guilty and sen- 
tenced to be hung on the 16th of May, 1802. 

A brain, a negro man slave, testified that in the spring he met Sancho, 
who told him that the negroes intended to destroy the white people, and 
that he intended expressly to kill Daniel Dejamette and take his wife for 
his own. There would be two companies of negroes — one to meet at 
Dejarnett's and the other at Jamison's store, and b^in on the Friday 
night before Easter. 

Bob, a slave, testified that Sancho asked him to join the insurrection 
in the fall of 1801, and when reminded of the fate of those who rose at 
Richmond, said he reckoned the work could be done. 

Frank, a negro man slave, sentenced to death on the charge of con- 
spiracy to rebel and to murder Daniel Purkins, and sentenced to be hung 
on the 15th of May, 1802. 

Abram, a slave, testified that Frank had asked him to join an insurrec- 
tion to kill the white people, and said that he would kill Daniel Purkins 
and take his wife. 

John B. Scott to the Governor. 

The Court is just now in the tryal of a third offender — ^two are con- 
victed and the evidence against them will be forwarded to you in the 
course of next week — two more will be tryed this evening. I believe the 
evidence against them will be too weak to convict them. On Monday 
next four others will be tryed. I have just received information that 
three white persons are connected in the plot; that they have amis and 
ammunition concealed under their houses, and were to give aid when the 
negroes should b^in. 

This information is from one of the persons who is called the General, 
one who was with the British Array in the American War, and appears 
to be a very sensible fellow. I shall pursue those persons to-morrow and 
Mi flomewhat at a loss how to act with respects to them if they should 

I am, &c. 


Richard Corbin, Lieut., for Robert Boyd, Capt., to the Gov- 

Soliciting fifty stand of arms for company of Light Infantry of King 1802. 
& Queen Co., belonging to the 9th Regiment of Va. Militia. "^P"^ ^ 

Received of James Monroe, Governor of the Commonwealth of Vir- April 23 
irinia, fifty-nine musqueta and Bayonets, and fifty-eight cartridge boxes, 
being the proportion of arms allowed the hundred and eleventh Regi- 
ment under the two first api)ortionment of arms distributed under the 
Act of Assembly concerning the Militia of this Commonwealth. 

John p. HuNciERFORD, Comd. 
Westmoreland, April 23rd, 1802. 

Wm. Dabney to the Governor. 

Agreeably to the request of the Board of Inspectors of the Peniten- April 24, 
tiary, I have to communicate to you that the period for which the fol- Richmond 
lowing members of that Board were appointed by the Executive, expired 
on the 14th Inst., to-wit: 

Geo. Hay, Robt. Mitchell, James I^wnes, Micajah Davis, Meriwether 
Jone^, and Samuel Pleasants. The four first-named Gentlemen (if the 
Executive should think proper to reappoint them) expressed a willing- 
ness to serve twelve months longer; the two last mentioned requested 
me to inform you that the nature of their business is such as will not 
admit of their paying the attention necessary, and nmst therefore decline. 

I am, &c. 

George Williamson to the Governor. 

Agreeable to your Excellency's Letter, to me directed, I have exam- \p^\\ 04 
ine<l the arms last sent by ^\t. Wheeler, and am of opinion that the 
Locks, stocks, and barrels are no better than those furnished yetaforc. 
The ram-rods are good, being temi)ered. The Bayonets are some steel 
and tempered, and some Iron and not tempered. Upon the whole, I 
think the anns last sent are better than those furnished formerly by Mr. 

I am, &c. 


1802. Norfolk Borough : 

April 2() 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer summoned and held the 26th day 

of April, 1802. for the trial of Ned, a negro man slave, belonging to the 

Estate of William Walke, deceased, charged with consulting, advising, 

and conspiring to rebel and make insurrection. 

The above named negro man Ned was brought to the bar, and, being 

arraigned, pleaded not guilty. Tnereupon George Suggs was sworn, and 

a negro man slave named Will, belonging to the Estate of William Walke, 

deceased, was charged according to Law and also sworn as a witness, and 

the prisoner heard in his own defence by Robt. B. Taylor, his counsel. 

On consideration whereof, it is the opinion that the said slave Ned is 

thereof guilty, and thereupon it is ordered that he be banged on Friday, 

the fourteenth day of May, 1802. 

The Evidenrr Adduced in the Trial of Ned. 

The testimony of George Suggs is as follows : 

That on the Sunday before Easter Sunday, the prisoner was at his house 
at difierent times of the day, he having a wife in his (the witness) 
kitchen ; that he cleaned his boots and was employed about other things 
late in the morning of that day; that the prisoner was a negro of but 
slender understanding — almost an idiot; that the witness was absent from 
home between breakfast and dinner about three hours, and was suffi- 
ciently long for Ned to go to Town Bridge and return. 

The testimony of Will, a negro man slave, on the above trial, is as 
follows : 

That on the Saturday before Easter Sunday, he (the witness) was 
coming into the Town of Norfolk; he was called to a little above Town 
Bridge, in the said Borough, by the prisoner and a negro man slave 
named Jeremiah, belonging to the Estate of John Cornick, in the da}' time. 
That on coming up to them he was asked by the prisoner to join them. 
The witness asked. Join them to do what? He was told by the prisoner 
they wanted him to join them and others in burning the town of Norfolk 
on the night of Easter Monday. That he had before heard of an insur- 
rection contemplated by the negroes. That on his being asked as afore- 
said he refused to join. That he considered and believed the intention 
of the })risoner and the others concerned, was to bum and plunder the 
Town and murder the inhabitants. 

Which was the whole evidence adduced for and against the Prisoner. 

Certified to by 

Wm. Sharp, C. N. B. 

At the same Court, held on the same day, a negro man named Jere- 
miah, belonging to the Estate of John Cornick, deceased, late of Princess 
Anne, was arraigned and tried on the charge of conspiring with other 
idle and ill-disposed persons, of which he was duly convicted and con- 
.^bauiGd to be executed on Friday, the 14th day of May next 


Testimony Adduced on the Trial of Jeremiah. 

Will, negro man slave, belonging to the Estate of Wra. Walke, gave 1802. 
the same testimony which he had on the same day given in the case of ^ " 

John Cowper to the Governor. 

I am honored by your letter of the 22nd, and have to inform you that April 27, 
the trial of two of the leaders of the intended insurrection came on yes- 
terday, and the evidence of their guilt was such as removed every doubt, 
and they are sentenced to be executed on Friday, the 14th of next 
month. A copy of the evidence, agreeable to act of Assembly, will be 
forwarded to you as soon as it can be transcribed by the clerk. There 
were two others who would most certainly have met the same fate, but it 
appeared upon examination that the offence of one was committed in 
the county of Norfolk and the other in Princess Anne. They have (with- 
out being brought before our Court) been accordingly delivered to the 
respective civil authorities having jurisdiction of the offences. 

A number of circumstances have come to light, which many of them, 
unimportant in themselves, yet form an aggregate, proving an organisced 
plan of insurrection. 

A few days more will, I think, develope the whole of their plans, and 
which shall be communicated to you. 

The active and efficient aid which the civil authority has received 

from the militia, enables me to say with confidence that we have nothing 

to apprehend. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Roane, Lieutenant-Colonel, to the Governor. 

Soliciting thirty-three stand of arms for the use of the 109th Regi- April 30, 
ment of militia in Middlesex county. Middlesex 

Micajah Davis to the Governor. 

Accepting appointment as Inspector of the Penitentiary. April 30, 


Confemon of Jeremiah Cornick^ a Slavey Taken the 2d of May, 1802, Now 
Under Condemiuition to Die for a Charge of Canspiracy, 

Denies the statements made in regard to him. On Sunday, the 11th May 2, 
of April, he remained nearly all the morning at home, at Mr. Mcintosh's Norfolk 



May 2, 


kitchen; that he went to the church-yard, and afterwards to a baptizing, 
with two black men named Lamb, and then returned home. 

May 3, Governor Monroe informs the Council of the application of the corpo- 

Richmond ration of Petersburg for the loan of twelve horseman's swords. Granted. 

The SiihMancf of Lewin* (\jnfe>*f<iov , Made to Col. Peter Randolph. 

May 5 Arthur, alias Arthur Farrar, Ca:*sar, alias Major John Price, and Corv, 

the [)roperty of Dr. John Brockenbrough, were the princij)al chanicters 
for exciting the negroes to insurrection. He was employed as an ai^ist- 
ant to kill the inhabitants of Uiclunond and burn the city. Arthur told 
him several whit^ men had engaged to assist them, and that these white 
men first suggested the rising. They would seize the magazine and kill 
all the white men and women, and nothing but death should stop them. 
The meeting place was to have been between Scuffletown and Richmond 
on the Ifith of May. Several men were recruited, especially Juniper, a 
free negro, who said he would free all the slaves. I^ewis stated that he 
knew his confession would cause his death, for he spoke against his color, 
and the blacks would kill him. The conspiracy is spreading over every 
county in the State, and the country was to be divided among the blacks. 

May r>, 

Lieut. Thos. Underwood to Col. Alexander Quarrier. 

Ke))orting that on the night of the 3d instant, four unknown men made 
an attack with bricks upon the sentinel at tlie Capitol, and were fired on. 

Geor(;e MoTntosh to the Governor. 

May T), .Sending testimony to prove tliat Will, the slave on whose testimony 

Norfolk Jeremiah and Ned were convicted, is unreliable, and that his evidence 
given on the trial was false. 

May 5, 
1 lunover 

The County Court — present: Parke Goodall, John Bowe, Henry RoIh 
inson, John Kili>v. and Parke Street, Gentlemen Justices — sentence 
Glasgow, a negro man, the property of Paul Thilman, of Hanover, Xo 
death on charge of conspira(\v and insurrection, and ortler him to be 
hung on the 2Sth instant. 

James, a mulatto man slave, testified that (Jlasgow asked him if he 
would join in a plot to kill the whites, and said, *'Yes, I have rose for my 


free<]oin. and I hare never g^^i \\: bnu <lamn iu I will oilhor *lio or Iv i:^v? 


Eve lilas2^>w. ?r.. Ben, and Walker, slaves, said ihey wore |»ix\^s>U Kui 
he:ird no sncli f'vmveisation. 

The 1 ourt reei>mmende%l Glasl^»w as a tit ohje^H t'or the lH*«etit of the 
law for trans |x:«rtation. 

Similar <entencr of Tom. a slave. Reei>nimondtsl for transjH>rt,^tiou. 

Certificate of Daniel Verser, J. P.. and G, (ireen. Attoriu\v tor the >Ux i% 
Conmionwealth, giving atlditional ci>ntes.sions of neA!n> man slave Lewis, 
Arthur toM Lewis his plan was U> kill all the white males In^twivn S and 
s<J years of age and all white women. That he had h>ng had this \Ai\\\ 
on his mind, and had j«Hne<l with both hlaek an<l white, that is« the 
'* common men of iKK>r white people/' and with mnlatt4H*s. Kight or ten 
white men would go first to the magazine in Uiehmond aiul hand out 
arms. Arthur said further to him that he had bi>en ** under great exem- 
tion," but that now he had escaped, he livetl at |H*ace. The tlatt* of the 
rising was to l^e the IGth of .May, and the men eidistinl in Haiuiver weiv 
to come into Richmond by the Hroi)k bridge. Lewis then refusiMl to jf>in 
the plot, and Arthur threateneil him with death if lie n^vi^alfMl what wjis 
t^)]d him. 

Grikf Green to the Uovkrnou. 

The sheriff of Nottoway haa been directed to cjvrry the negn» man May 7 
I^wis to the Penitentiary for safe keeping. Is requestecl to inform IIm« '".Vnlliv'^ 
Governor, by Col. Goodwin, of Dinwiddie, that Juniper, named by Lewis, 
has been arrestecl. A white man of suspicious character has been (!*♦■ 
tected encouraging and aiding the pro|K>sed insurrection, and w<ud<l he 
arrested the next day. 


J. Bennett to the Govbrnoh. 

At the rerjuest of Mr. George Mcintosh he has aidiui him in collecting Mny 7, 
the evidence, which is sent, regarding the con<hMnned negrtMtH .leremiah Niirfolk 
and Ned. If the (.'oimcil should consider that this eviden(;e is in exten 
nation of the offence, it in nowise impugns the honor or humanity of the 
(A)urt, for it has been made known since the trial. 

John Cowper to the <iovERNoK. 

The trials of the negn)es Ned and Jeremiah werecondueled with j/reat Mny m, 
fairness, and able counsel was assigned them, who ma<le a mont ingenious ^*»fto\U 




defence. Believes no inembere of the Court attach importance to the 
affidavits gotten by Mr. Mcintosh with a view to discredit the evidence 
given on the trial. Considers Ned a simple fellow and believes public 
sentiment would be gratified by seeing him trans))orted and Jeremiah 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

May 8 Some alteration in Mr. Latrobe's j)lan for the Penitentiary building, is 

indispensably necessary in order to secure proper facilities for cleaning 
the building. Asks a meeting of a committee of the Council, that he may 
explain the alterations he proposes to make. 

May 14, 

Number of arms in the hands of the militia of the 19th regiment: 

Captain Dixon's Company, 45 stand. 

" Holloway's, 59 " 

'' Richardson's (Light Infantry), - - - - 5C) " 

Wolfe's, 45 " 

" Tate's, 19 " 

Meyer's (Artillery), 40 " 

" Nicolson's (now Dabney's), 50 *• 

** Smith (no return). 

" Giles (now Major; no return). 

" Strobia (resigned ; no return). 

Lieutenant John Scott Pleasant, 1'* 

In hands of Quartermaster West, delivered up by sundry 

captains, 51" 

Delivered in to the Penitentiary, 89 *• 

Total, 449 " 

May 14, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Inclosing papers found as the stop[)er of a jug on Ijoard a free negm's 
vessell, which have given rise to suspicion that communications are being 
held with the negroes of the upj^er country. The jug was the property 
of an Irishman, a passenger. Will send the negro and white man to the 
mayor of Petersburg for examination. 

Is glad the negroes condemned in Norfolk have been reprieved for a 
liokA, bat hopes they will never again be permitted to go at large in the 



The County Court sentences Arthur, a negro man slave, the property 1802. 
of William Farrer, of Goochland, to death for conspiracy and rebellion, jj^^^'(Jq 
and orders him to be hung on the 18th of June, 1802, on a gallows to be 
built near the magazine. 

I^wis, a n^ro man slave, testified that he first heard of the insurrec- 
tion from Arthur the preceeding December at Mr. Bootright's. Arthur 
said he had once gotten clear of the gallows, but was determined to 
kK>se his life that way sooner than not accomplish his object; that he 
had a great number of men towards Hanover, who would meet near the 
Brook bridge, and also that all of the free blacks and a great number of 
|)oor white people were to join in it. 

Norfolk County Court — Present: Robert Brough, James Holt, Richard May 17, 
Blow, James Brown, Samuel Smith, an<l James Matthews, Gentlemen ^^'"'b**^ ^^• 
J ustices. 

Ned, a n^ro man slave belonging to the estate of John Ingram, 
charged with insurrection and conspiracy, was heanl by his assigned 
counsel, and several witnesses were examined, and the court being four 
for conviction and one for acquittal, therefore the prisoner was dis- 

John Cowper to the Governor. 

Much discontent has been caused by the indulgence which the Execu- 
tive has granted the condemned negroes. Is persuaded that testimony, 
if not absolutely false, certainly partial, has been forwarded to him with 
a view^ to procure a mitigation of the sentence. The public mind is in a 
Htate of great anxiety and uneasiness. 

May 18, 

William Newsum to the Governor. 

Mr. George Mcintosh, a respectable merchant of the Borough of Nor- 
folk, and a particular friend of mine, has been induced from motives of 
justice and humanity to interest himself in favor of some unfortunate 
negroes who have been condemned to die by the Borough Court of Nor- 
folk. Their trial and condemnation has greatly agitated the public mind 
in this place and excited some warmth, it being believed by many that 
the witness was of too infamous a character for his testimony to be 
relied on. I l>eg leave to inform you that I have been acquainted with 
Mr. Mcintosh a number of years, and that I have found him a man of 
strict integrity and irreproachable character ; and permit me to add, that 
(luring our political contests he has been uniform and ardent in support 
of Republican principles, and that in this business I believe him to have 
been actuated by the purest and most disinterested motives. 

I air, &c. 

May 19, 


I^oe Th^ nnexp^f'teil ^vmpenemn of the :3ent«K% of the Court t>f Norfolk 

^^JffJiM fV»n*fitafh with rf»i>^ct Up the negroesf Jefemiah aorl Sed bij? excited 
STi^meraJ i^enttihiKtj and (vmntnuTH cu to an exprearaoo of the genera] 

Many r/ 1» were present at the trnlss. were satisfied with the £>nfficiencT 
f4 the U»tuftfifuyr a»iHted br an omhaken coimteiiance and nnilbnn 
narrative; Withers of i£if have had a jiut repreaentatioo of the same, and 
M f4 ni^ ^pprrpwe the jod^rment of the Coart. 

Wfi imsi that we are exempt from 5nntnrinarj motires. If their sitiia- 
ti#>n dtithofizerl a claim to merej. we aboald with aaliffacticw indulge h. 
and unite our eflbrtii for their defirersnee; htA faeliiig the distre^ii^ 
n^^^^ty ryf exemplary panl«hment at a time like the present persuaded 
that t^ie threatened calamitie« will be more effiectuallj obviated by fiil- 
ffllini^ the mmience of the 0>art than hj the exerdfie of unmerited 
mitigation, we, notwithi4anding an unfortunate acquittal bj the County 
Oiiirt of one of the party, earnestly entreat that no further delay may 
)ff {lennitterl after the perirxl for which your honorable Board has granted 
a reprieve, 

Paul Ixiyall, Kr>bert Taylor, Ed Archer, Ja. Taylor, sr^ James Maxwell, 
H. Allmand; r*onway Whittle, Wright Soutbgate, Arch'd Williamson, 
Thcjoflcrick Bland, John Went, Edward Hansford, Duncan McDonald, 
MiUihdl ThrowgOfKl, Wm. Sharp, John PorUock, and 211 other persons. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

May 2U IncloHin^ copy of a letter which, according to the Governor's direction, 

he liml written to Henry ?\)xall, of Georgetown, in which he requests 
Foxall to inform him what he will charge for introducing his improve- 
nimitrt in making ordnance into the Richmond Armory. 

FIknry Foxall to John Clarke. 

For the suui of $5(M) will give details in full, with drawings, in regard 
to Hito and fiinn of foundry and boring mill and machinery. Thinks 
thai it would ho well for ('larke to come to Georgetown and see the works 
he liOH («onHtru(!ted there, which are the most complete of the kind. 


May 22 ""'^ n^coivcd his letter, enelomng one of Mr. Mifos', in regard to the 

eniploynieni of convicts. They should not work anywhere, where there 


are facilities for escape, but should be eniployeil in the liouse and yani. iS4>2. 
Suggests stone cutting. ^**y -^* 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

I have this moment receiveil information that three tierces of Gun Mav 22 
Flints have been sent hy Mr. Hodgison U^ Col. Gamble for the Virginia 
Manufactorv of Arms. The three tierces contiiin one hundred thousand. 
As no letter has been received by me Respecting them, and as 1 cannot 
fc^up|K>se Mr. Hodgscni could conceive himself authorized by his contnict 
with the Executive for furnishing UmjIs for the Virginia Manufac^tory of 
Arms to furnish (Jun Flints, I shall not rec<»ive them until diiectcil by 
vou. I am s<?rrv to find that more of the tcK)la wliieh were t«) have been 
sent bv him are not arrived. 

I am, sir, i^'c. 



Stating that four corporals are not a suihcient number for the Public May 24, 
Guard, as two are on dutv each dav, one at the Harnicks and one at the l^*^*h"«*"d 
Penitentiary. Suggest tliat two more be appointed. 

Petition of citizens of Hanover county for the pardon of two negroes, M„y 24 
sentenced to be hung on the 2<Sth instant for the crime of conspiracy and 

William Prentis to the Govkrnor. 

The ]>aper sent him is a list of hands in some tobacco factory in Peters- ^]^^y 27 
liiirg, and the numbers opposite indicate the immber of jiounds each Petorslmr^r 
stemmed during the day. Wishes all alarms might be as easily dis- 

John Cowper to the Governor. 

I am honored by yours of the 2r)tli of last month. On Friday last, .JniH» 1, 
•leremiah was execut4Ml pursuant to the sentence of the Court. I am N(»rf()lk 
informed that he ])rotested his own innocence of the crime for which he 
suffered, but on being pressed a few minutes before his death, to declare 
whether he had any knowledge of any conspiracy or not intended by the 


1802. Slaves, he refused to answer, and nothing would extract an answer. I 

Norfolk ^^^^ "^^ doubt but this example will produce the efifect which it is wished. 

Ned, I think (and in this opinion I am joined almost universally), is 

entitled from the circumstances of his character, to a mitigation of his 

sentence, more especially as the end of punishment has been already 


Should the Executive be pleased to mitigate this sentence to transpor- 
tation, I am pursuaded the measure will be received with general satisfac- 
tion, and be the means of securing our future peace and safety. 

I am. &c. 

Thomas Jefferson, Pres. U. S. to the Governor. 

June 3, I observe that the resolution of the I^egislature of Virginia of Jan. 23, 

Was mgton ^^ desiring us to look out for some proper place to which insurgent 
negroes may be sent, expresses a preference of the continent of Africa or 
some of the Spanish or Portugese settlements in S. America, in which 
preference, and especially as to the former, I entirely concur. On look- 
ing towards Africa for our object, the British establishment at Sierra 
Leone at once presents itself. You know that that establishment was 
undertaken by a private company, and was first suggested by the suffer- 
ing state of the blacks who were carried over to England during the 
revolutionary war and who were perishing with want and misery in the 
streets of London. A niimber of benevolent persons subscribed for the 
establishment of a company who might carry these people to the coast 
of Africa and there emplo}' them usefully for themselves and indemnify 
the company by commercial operations. Sierra I^eone was fixed on as 
the place; the blacks then in England were carried thither, and a vessel 
or vessels sent to Nova Scotia which carried to the same place the blacks 
who had gone to that country ; the settlement is, therefore, composed of 
negroes formerly inhabitants of the Southern States of our Union. Hav- 
ing asked a conversation on this subject, with Mr. Thornton, the British 
Charge des Affairs here, he informs me the establishment is prosperous, 
and he thinks there will be no objection on the part of the Company to 
receive blacks from us, not of the character of common felons, but guilty 
of insurgency only, provided they are sent as free persons — the principles 
of their institution admitting no slavery among them. I propose there- 
fore, if it meets your approbation, to write to Mr. King our Minister in 
London, to propose this matter to the Sierra T^icone Company who are 
resident in I>ondon, and if leave can be obtained to send black insurgents 
there, to inquire further whether the regulations of the place would per- 
mit us to carry or take there any mercantile objects, which by affording 
i. , some commercial profit, might defray the expenses of the transportation. 


As soon as I can be favored with your sentiments on this proposition and 1802. 
your approbation of it, I will write to Mr. King that we may have the w^gij^ ^J 
niatter finally arranged. Should any mercantile operation be i)ermitted 
to be combined with the transportation of tliese persons so as to lessen . 
or to pay the expence, it might then become eligible to make that the 
asylum for the other description also — to-vvit, the freed negroes and per- 
Si)ns of colour. If not permitted, so distant a colonization of them 
would perhaps be thought too expensive; but while we are ascertaining 
this i)oint, we may Ije making enquiry what other suitable places may be 
found in the West Indies or the Southern continent of America, so as to 
have some other resource i)rovided if the one most desirable should be 
unattainable. In looking out for another place, we should prefer placing 
them with whatsoever power is least likely to become an enemy, and to 
use the knowledge of these exiles in predatory expeditions agiiinst us. 
Portugal and Holland would be of this character, but I wish to have 
your sentiments on both branches of the subject before I commit it by 
any actual step. 

Accept assurances of my afl'ectionate and high esteem and respect. 


Geo. Goosley to the Governor. 

You will c»blige me by submitting the following proposals to the con- June 5, 
sideration of the Executive. Richmond 

The convict-ed slaves confined in the Penitentiary house of this Com- 
monwealth, having bcconje so numerous as to render their maintenance 
burthensome and their safe keeping inconvenient, and no acce])table offer 
having been made for their purchase, I propose to convey them immedi- 
ately without the United States, and to dispose of them according to 
Ijaw in tin; following manner and upon the following terms. 

Tlie Dutch or Spanish settlements in the West Indies offering the most 
advantageous market, I would convey them from the place of their con- 
finement hf/ wnter to Norfolk, and from thence by sea to Surinam or the 
Havana, to which place opportunities of conveyance are frequent, and 
where as good prices may be obtained for them as in any part of the West 
Indies. This appears to be the preferable mode of transportation for 
many reasons. 

Ist. Because they could be transported at much less expense by sea 
than on the land. 

2ndly. It is by far the njost expeditious. 

»5rdly. There is much less danger of escape. 

The importations of slaves into Ix)uisianna since its session to France, 

has been [)rohibited ; this I learn from a gentlemen from Kentucky. 

As it is not expected that it is the object of the Executive to make the 



1802. sale a matter of traffic, but merely to repay into the public Treasury the 
Richmond ^^™^ drawn from it and expended in the purchase of the slaves, I shall 
expect as the reward of my agency, the surplus arising from the s^les 
after refunding to the State its expenditures in purchasing, removing and 
transporting them. Should any disappointment occur so as to render 
the amount of the sales inadequate to this purpose, I shall be content 
with a very reasonable reconipence. sufficient however to defray the 
expence of the trip. 

There shall be good security given for the faithftil performance of this 
duty if it be required. 

I am, &c. 

George Goosley to the Governor. 

June 8 Finding it to be the wish of the Executive that the negroes confined 

in the Penitentiary should be sold here rather than disposed of in a dif- 
ferent manner, you will therefore oblige me by laying the following pro- 
posal before the Board : 

For all except two, I will give three hundred dollars, and for those 
two, who are aged and unlikely, two hundred and fifty. The money 
payable one-half in one month after the return of the person carrying 
them abroad, which will not be later than December, and the other half 
in six months from the time of the first payment; security for comply- 
ing with the requisites of the I^w and for the payment of the money at 
the time specified, shall be given. 

I am, &c. 

William Wilkerson to the Governor. 

June 8, The awfully dangerous situation of this particular part of the State 

" *"^™o°<i in consequence of the movements of the negroes in this and neigh- 
boring Counties, has induced me to address vour Excellencv on this 
truly alarming subject. Just as the citizens of this county, and the 
Town of Sufiblk |)articularly, were in some measure relieved from appre- 
hensions of danger at least for a while after the late trial of several 
n^roes, we have ex|)erienced a fresh and more alarming account of an 
intended Insurrection. This information has been communicated from 
a county in North Carolina adjacent to this County, by several Respec- 
table characters, a copy of which communication 1 have taken the liberty 
to enclose vou. 

Our situation is truly awful. I am aware of the propriety of calling 
out the militia in case of Insurrection. I believe, too, that I might be 


justified in doing so on good grounds to apprehend an Insurrection, but 1802. 
as in this case the measure must be induced by constructive acts, I am j^ ^°® ' , 
unwilling to go into active measures previous to orders for that i>urpose. 
I shall therefore be much gratified if your Excellency will be pleased to 
direct the mode of conduct proper to be observed by me as Lt.-Col. 
Com't of this County, particularly how far it may be proper for me to 
exercise discretionary measures. 

This Letter will be handed you by Mr. Thomas Simpson, to whom I 
beg leave to refer your Excellency for further particulars. 

I am, &c. 

^o. Carolina, Hertford Co , June 5th, 1802. 
The Citizens of Nansemond Countv : 


Gentlemen — A horrid plot has been discovered amongst the 
negroes in this county and the county of Bertie, which has for its object 
the total destruction or the whites. Their plan is to be put in execution 
the 10th of June inst. 

This report is not to be treated lightly, for it is reduced to an absolute 
certainty from a paper found in the possession of one of them. This 
paper appears to be a letter from the Captain of them in this county to 
the intended Captain in Bertie, which points out a number of their offi- 
cers and the pl^ce of rendezvous. VV'e have caused a number of them 
to be taken up and from several corroborating testimonies there is not a 
doubt remaining that such a plan does actually exist. We have filled 
our Goal with them, and are about to have a called Court for their trial. 
From every circumstance we are led to believe that the plan is to be a 
general thing throughout the country, therefore have dispatched messen- 
gers different ways to give the alarm, and for a number of particulars we 
refer you to the bearer of this letter. 

Being awfully imprest with the nature of the impending danger, we do 
most seriously entreat" the people generally to be upon their guard, and 
we would recommend to you to pursue the plan which led to this dis- 
covery among us. It was as follows : The officers throughout the counties 
at a certain time, previously agreed upon, proceed to make a general 
search in all the negroes' houses and other suspected places. 

In a cotton barrel in one of their cabins the before-mentioned letter 
was found, very curiously concealed. 

We are, gentlemen, your obed't servants, 

John Scott, Col. ; 
Lew. Brown, Lt.; 
James Jones, Lt. ; 
Arthur Poster, P.; 
N. Harrell, 
Tfmo. Walton. 


Benjamin Overman to Capt. Qricb. 

1802. I have to inforni you that I have just receive<l an express from John 

Gum Bridge ^^^w that tl)e negroes have einhodied in Hartford county and are now 

N. C. underarms. The express came to Mr. Shaw 12 o'clock this night. I 

am in a hurry. 

Mr. Browning Nixinton received an express last night at 12 o'clock 

giving information that the negroes in Bertie county had risen in Winsor 

and committed great havock ; from thence they marched to Chowan river. 

where they are emhodied and armed, there at the ferry, above seven miles 

from the river. , 

I do certify this to be a true copy. 

D. Jones. 
The above places are in No. Carolina. 


Thos. Matthews to the Governor. 

June 15, I hold it my duty to forward to your Excellency every information 
^^ ^ respecting the alarms created by the supposed inclination of the people 
of color to rebel. The inclosed letter from Col. Dawley of Princess Anne, 
with a copy of information forwarded from the neighboring counties in 
North Carolina will shew to your Excellency the state of the business in 
that quarter. 

Since the receipt of Dawley's letter, similar information has been 
handed to me from other quarters, accompanied by reports that I hold to 
be exaggerated. 

Whatever may be the true 8ta,te of the business or how far the insur- 
gents (if ever) mean to extend their eflbrts, it is impossible for me to say. 
They have however created considerable alarm in that part of Norfolk 
County contiguous to No. Carolina, and the people are voluntarily doing 
duty. They can give me no good reason for their fears, yet they appear 
fully satisfied that some attempt will be made by tiie blacks. 

Your Excellency will observe by Col. Dawley's letter, that his people 
are without ammunition. * In case of emergenc}*, I should feel no hesita- 
tion in supplying what was necessary, but I beg leave to submit to your 
Excellency whether it ought not to be immediately done. The people 
of the Borough are well supplied and appear to apprehend no danger. 
How long they will remain quiet under the present rejwrts, it is difficult 
to say. 

I shall be happy in receiving the orders of your Excellency at all times. 

I am, &c. 

«■/ . 


to the white Pepil: 

White pepil be-ware of your lives, their is a plan now forming 
and intend to be put in execution this harvest time — they are to com- 
mence and use their Sithes as weapons until they can get possession of 
other weapons; their is a great many weapons hid for the purpose, and 
he you all assured If you do not look out in time that many of you 
will be put to death, the sceam is to kill all before them, men, women, 
and children, their has been expresses going In Every direction for 
some days to see all the negroes they could this holladay, to make the 
arrangements and conclud what time it is to commence and at what 
plasis the}' are to assemble, watch they conduc of your Negroes and 
you will see an alteration. I am a confident of the leaders and can not 
give you my name. I am also a greater friend to some of the Whites, 
and wish to preserve their lives. I am a favorite Servant of ray Master 
and Mistis, and love them dearly. 
June 7th 1802. 


June 15 

Lazarus Cook to the Governor. 

Pra3's for remission of damages assessed against him as security for June 19 
John Rogers, Sheriff of Southampton County, for the Taxes of 1786, the 
principal and interest of the same having been all paid. 

Geo. Goosley to the Governor. 

I received your letter some days ago, informing me that the Executive 
were inclined to accede to my proposition for the purchase of the negroes 
in the Penitentiary. Upon inquiry of the Spanish Consul at this place, 
I find that all the j>orts of the Spanish West Indies are shut against 
Americans, and the admission of slaves from any other quarter than 
Africa, totally interdicted. I know of no other place where the negroes 
can be sold, and I shall, if the Executive think proper, be gladly released 
from the engagement. 

Some port in the British Islands might ^afford a good sale, but the 
English Consul, knowing that these people are to be exported, and fear- 
ing that they may promote insurrection in the countries where sent, he 
is determined to give such information as shall prevent leave being given 
to land them. 

I am, &Q, 

June 24, 

Abram, a n^ro man slave, sentenced to death for conspiracy and in- 

July 1, 


1802. Bob, a slave, testified that Abram asked him to fight the whit€ people. 

Hvdx ^^^^"^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Friday night before Easter he would kill his own 
County master, Wm. Smith, and on the next night meet the other colored men 
at Seven Islands. 

Robin, brother of the prisoner, testified to the same effect. All whites 
were to be killed, and all blacks who did not join. They were to com- 
mence with any sort of arms they could get. 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

July 4, Informing him that five convicts, on the 7th instant, made their escape 

n lary ^^^^^ ^j^^ building by removing the grate of a window, but were retaken 
within the plank inclosure. 

Report of the Board of Inspectors of the Penitentiary. 

July 12 State that they have not for some time been satisfied with the conduct 

of Martin Mims, keeper of the Penitentiary, and accuse him of disobey- 
ing or delaying to obey their orders; also that he has delayed paying 
the bills of the penitentiary when he had money in his hands, and that 
the following rules had either been not carried out or only partially so, 
viz: That eAch prisoner be credited with all work done by him; that the 
prisoners be kept steadily at labor; that the keeper or his assistants con- 
stantly visit the workshops during hours of labor; that the roll be called 
every morning; that the prisoners be made to preserve cleanliness in 
person and clothes, and various other regulations. They adopt a resolu- 
tion to present the subject to the Executive unless the conduct of the 
keeper is at once amended, and recommend that the appointment of 
keeper be hereafter vested in the Board of Inspectors. 

July 12, The County Court — present: Thomas Smith, Thomas Tabb, William 
Mathews Co. j^uckner, John D. Jarvis, Andrew Van Bibber, and Edmund S. Briggs, 
Gentlemen Justices — recommend James Van Bibber, Hunley Gayle, and 
Andrew Van Bibber for appointment as sheriff. Certified by John Pat- 
terson, clerk. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

July 24 The foundation on which the boring mill for ordinance will be built, is 

solid rock, and has been excavated to the present time by Richmond 
stone cutters, to whom the stone was given. Asks whether he mui^t 
employ hands and hasten the work. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

Asks an advance of $40 to Robert Nelson, of Henrico, in pa3'ment for 1802- 
walnut plank purchased by the armory for musket and pistol stocks. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Has been lately informed by General Sbee that no seasoned walnut July 24 
timber suitable for gun-stocks can be obtained, and that there are no 
seasoned gun-stocks there, except in the United States Military stores, 
where are a large number. Recommends that the endeavor be made to 
purchase a few thousand of the largest stocks from the United States. 

Peter Guerrant, Jr., to the Governor. 

Asking a payment of $1,000 or $1,500 for timber furnished and framed July 24, 
for the public warehouse in Richmond. Richmond 

James Wood to the Governor. 

Recommending the appointment of Dr. John H. Foushee as quaran- July 26, 
tine officer at Richmond. Richmond 

Wm. Fulcher to the Governor. 

Offering to purchase the negroes confined in the Penitentiary at £80 July 
each, and give bond to convey them outside the state, or will seU them 
for the state for a commission of 33J per cent. 

Report of the Premdent and Directors of the Potomack Company to the 
Stjorkholders at Their Annual Meeting at Akxandria, the 2d day of 
Avftitstj 1802, 

Agreeably lo the representations which we made at your last annual August 2 
meeting, the I^ocks at the Great Falls were completely finished by the 
end of February; and from the experience since had, and the opinion of 
every person who has viewed them, there is every reason to believe that 
the whole of the work has been executed in a very substantial and 
durable manner, and in every respect likely to answer well the object 


1802. contemplated. Upon this event, it was generally expected that the Stock 
August 2 ^jj- ^i^g Company would immediately become productive to the holders, 
and we had no doubt of being al)le to lay before you at this meeting 
such a state of the Tolls as would yield a handsome dividend. We are 
sorry, however, to say that, notwithstanding in common years the river 
is now navigable from George's creek to tide-wat^^r without interruption 
during a considerable period of the year, and that there was certainly 
large quantities of Flour and other produce prepared and intended to 
have been sent down the river to market on the opening of the naviga- 
tion at the Great Falls, such has been the remarkable state of the waters 
hitherto since the Locks were finished, in consequence of the total want 
of snow last winter in the upper country, and the rains then and since 
proving only very moderate and partial, that the river could only l)e 
used for transporting produce at short intervals after some of these partial 
rains ; indeed, we are informed the oldest inhabitants do not remember of 
any former year wherein the Potomac in the spring season continued in 
so unfavorable a state for boating. From these circumstances the whole 
produce which passed the Great Falls since the l/ocks were finished, has 
yielded Tolls to the gross amount only of $3,647 90-100 Dollars, of 
which you have herewith a particular statement, neating the sum of 
$.*^,486 3B-100 Dollars. We think it proper here to observe in case you 
sh(»ul(l judge it advisable to make a Dividend at this period, that the 
said nett proceeds of Tolls added to the proportion of the Dividends on 
the six per cent. Stock, which was paid as interest for the time on the 
unredeemed principal thereof, amounts to 4,073 77-100 Dollars. This 
sum is the actual product or profit of the property of the Company, and 
will divide fully 5 r)5-l(X) per share, being at the rat<; of 3 per cent. i>er 
annum on the capital or original subscription of $100 sterling per share, 
for the time the T/>cks at the (treat Falls have been in operation. And 
it will be recollected, as was particularly stated in our former reports, 
that the Tolls received in the two years preceding August last, amounteil 
to 4,772 f>2-l0() Dollars after deducting the expense of collection, and 
that during the period in which these Tolls were collected, there was a 
sufiiciency of other funds on hand and appropriated for the expenditure 
on the works then carrying on. 

By the Treasurer's account now laid before you, it will appear that of 
th(» six }>er cent, stock of the I 'tiited States remaining on hand at 8<1 
August last, the date of our last report, 25,000 dollars (nominal amount) 
have been sold, which netted inclu<ling dividends since drawn on the 
whole, exactly 21,40.') 24-100 dollars, and that of the funds which have 
come into thr hands of the Treasurer since the last settlement of his and 
the balance of cash then in his possession, there has been expended — 

On the works at the (Jreat Falls, . . . . $21,885 

In repairs of the IxK'ks and Canal at Little Falls and at differ- 


ent places of the River, and other improvements in the bed 1802. 

of the river, 2,433 ^«8««^ 2 

And sundry expenses attending the general Business of the 
Company, ------- 1,875 

In all, ... - $26,193 

The funds of the company still in possession of the President and 
Directors (exclusive of the 29 shares of stock of the company bought in 
as formerly stated,) amount at a fair valuation to 8,188 DolFrs, as fol- 
lows, viz: 

5.000 (nominal principal) six per cent, stock standing on the books of the 
Tr^sury of the United States in name of the company, at lOlf per 
cent., (being the current price at Philadelphia), on the unredeemed 
principal thereof is, - - - - - $4,204 31 

Cash in hands of the Treasurer, - - - - 2,883 70 

7,088 01 
Debts outstanding reckoned good, - . - 1,000 00 

Dollars, 8,188 00 

The President and Directors being of opinion that the imprisonment 
of the bed of the River so as to render it as far as possible navigable at 
all seasons, is the object which now requires the principal attention of 
the Company, have employed two setts of Labourers of about twenty 
each, and have them now at work upon the River under resj)ective Over- 
seers and under the general superintendence of Mr. Yarbaugh. One sett 
a)mnienced at the upper end of the canal at Little Falls to proceed up- 
wards, and the other above the Great Falls in like manner. And should 
the state of the River for the remainder of the year prove favourable for 
such operations," they hope, before winter, the navigation between the 
two Falls will be placed in the situation desired, and also to accomplish 
the same improvement in it for a considerable |>art of the way from the 
Great Falls to the Shenando. When these hands are prevented from 
working on the River, they are employed in quarrying free stone and 
common rough stone, and Boating the same to the Ix)cks at the Little 
Falls in order to save the loss of labour. This stone will be wanted for 
Rebuilding the liocks there, as from their being constructed entirely of 
w(xk1, the present Locks will not be serviceable much longer, but they 
can be rebuilt in this manner of these durable materials without great 
cxi>ence or much interruption to the navigation. For more particular 
information relative to these operations, we refer you to the Report of 
Mr. Yarbaugh herewith. 



August 2 


From the best Estimate we can make, 6000 to 5500 Dollars will 
required to defray the expence of carrying on this work till Xmas. 

(Signed) Jas. Keith, President. 

Jno. Mason, 

John Laird, 


William Berkeley to thjb Govbrnor. 

August 7 The enclosed papers will sliow the amount of sales of Public Tobacco 

on the 3d of July last, as well as the loss sustained by the Treasury 


I am, &c. 

Account sales of 77 hogsheads of Public Tobacco, 82,020 lbs. ; Total 
receipts, $2,308, less $25, commission of Thomas Taylor, auctioneer. 

August 7 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

By the original plan of the Penitentiary building, it was designed that 
there should be an inscription over the entrance, and a stone was inserted 
for the purpose. As the scaffolding will soon be taken down, asks to be 
furnished with an inscription. 

[This paper is endorsed, "To request Mr. Wythe."] 

August 7f 

Archibald Roane, Governor of Tennessee, to the Governor. 

Your Excellency's letter of 20th May has been duly received. I regret 
that the letter from the Commissioners of Virginia did not reach me at 
an earlier |)eriod. The day appointed by them as a time of meeting is 
perfectly agreeable to me, and I have no doubt will suit the Commission- 
ers of Tennessee. I have sent a letter to the Commissioners of your 
State, proposing a place of meeting different from that fonnerly appointed ; 
but, lest it should fiiil, I hog the favour of you also to apprize them that 
the Commissioners of this State will meet them at Abingdon on the first 
day of October next, to commence the business committed to them by 

the two States. 

I am, <&c. 

William Nelson to the Governor. 

Informing him that a considerable number of shells and four large 
beds for mortars are lying on the south bank of the Pamunkey river, in 


a secluded part of Mr. Mann Page's low grounds, just above Hanover 1802. 
Town. Thinks they were landed there during the war. August 8 

At a meeting of the Directors of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, August 11 
held this 11th day of August, 1802: 

Ordered, That Thomas Newton be requested to draw on the Treasurer 

for one thousand dollars of the State's quota, agreeable to requisition of 

this Board. 

S. Slaughter, 

Ro. BousH, 

Jas. Hunter, 


State of Maryland, Baltimore County, Set.: 

Be it remembered, that on this twelfth day of August, in the year August 12 
eighteen hundred and two, personally appeared before me, the subscriber. 
Chief Justice of the Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery, for 
Baltimore County, John Murphy, who being sworn on the Holy Evan- 
gels of Almighty God, deposeth and saith : That Newell Walton on the 
second day of August, in the year 1802, with force and arms at Baltimore 
County, in the State of Maryland, took into his i)osses8ion as slaves, thret 
freemen, natives of the East Indies, to wit: Tillah, Jacob, and Joe, and 
forcibly carried the said three persons as his slaves to Caroline County, 
in the State of V^irginia, and that the said Newell Walton is now in Spot- 
sylvania County, in the said State of Virginia. 

John Murphy. 

Sworn and subscribed before me the day and year aforesaid. 

Walter Dorsey, 
Chief Justice of the Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery for 
Baltimore County. 

Francis Brooke to the Governor. 


Having seen a I^etter from Judge Dorsey, of the State of Maryland, August 12, 
stating that arrangements were making there to Demand of the Execu- ^edencks- 
tive of this State that a certain Newell Walton, confined in the Jail Here 
under the charge of stealing three East Indians, or purchasing them as 
Slaves, knowing them to be free, be Delivered up for trial in that State 
under the 2d section of the 4th article of the Constitution of the United 
States, I have thought proper to Transmit you the enclosed affidavit for 
the consideration of the Executive, and at the request of the prisoner, 


1802. who wishes to be tried by the laws of Virginia, administered within its 

^^P®^ ?^ Limits, to submit to the Executive whether his C&w can be brought 

burg under tlie section and article of the Constitution referred to. You will 

oblige me by giving as early an answer to this letter as the subject will 

admit of. 

I am, &c, 

August 12th, 1802. — This day William Randall made oath before me, 
a magistrate of the corporation of Fredericksburg, that on the 3d instant, 
at Gadsby's Tavern, in the Town of Alexandria, he was present when a 
certain Nathan Walker, of Baltimore, Delivered to Newell Walton, now 
confined in the Jail of Fretlericksburg, three Asiatics as n^roes and 
slaves; that the said Randall was one of the witnesses to the Bill of Sale; 
that he understood from the parties while in Baltimore, where for the 
first time he saw Newell Walton, that the three men said to be negroes 
and slaves were to be Delivered by the said Walker to the said Newell 
on this side of the Potomac; that he travelled with the said Newell 
Walton from Alexandria, who was in possession of the three men pur- 
chased as aforesaid, untill they were stopped in the county of C'amline 
by a Constable sent on from Baltimore for that purpose; after which, 
believing as he was a witness to the Bill of Sale, his presence would be 
necessary, he accompanied the said Newell Walton back to Fredericks- 
burg on his way to Baltimore, who determined to return there to get 
back his money from Walker, but was apprehended and committed to 
the Jail of Fredericksburg; that the three men were Brought in the pub- 
lic stage without the Smallest Degree of Secrecy, and the Deponent 
Believes under the fullest conviction that they were slaves. 

William Randall. . 

Corporation of Fredericksburg, To-wit: 

Sworn to before me. . 

W. Drummond. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

August 13. With the advice of the Mayor and aldermen, has directed that all 
Norfolk vessels coming from the West India and Bahama Islands, and from 
Baltimore and Philadelphia, should bring to below the port for exami- 
nation by a physician, for which duty he has continued Dr. Read in 
office. Colonel Davies, the collector, and the commanding officer of the 
fort will give their assistance to prevent introduction of disease. Is sure 
that the yellow fever is always imported. The town continues very 
healthy, except children, who have the measles ; of these has only heard 
of two dying in five weeks past 


JouN F. Mercer, Governor of Maryland, to the Governor. 

Retjuisition for Newell Walton, charged with forcibly carrying from 1802. 
Maryland freemen as his slaves. Annapolis' 

[Endorsed **the Board direct the deHvery of the s'd Newell Walton to 
Mr. Wilson, who was appointed agent to Receive him."] 

C. Binns, Clerk of Loudoun County to the Clerk of the 


Has been informed that Colonel John Alexander of Tjoudon, had in August 17, 
1778 and 1781 been appointed by the Cfovernor and ('ouncil, agent for L^^esburg 
the heirs or supposed heirs of Jonathan Monkhouse dece'd, in opposition 
to an attempt U) escheat the lands. Wishes a certified copy of Alexan- 
der's apf>ointment. 

David Lambert writes to the Governor, stating that he has a pair of August 20 
pistols said to l»e those with which Mr. George Prosser killed himself, 
and asking what disposition to make of them. 

Dr. .John II. Fonshee, qnamntine officer at Richmond, to the Governor, August 21 
asking iniormation as to the manner and under whose direction accomo- 
dation is to be made for sailors who may arrive in port with malignant 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Announces the death of Mr. George, who on the night of the 17th August 21. 
instant, was murdered either by his own hand or some person unknown. *^^^'^™^"" 
Numerous applications have been made for the places he held, as assis- 
tant sup^ntendent of the erection of public buildings and store keeper 
of the Penitentiary. Thinks that for the present it is unnecessary to 
appoint any one, as the work o^n be done by the employees. 

Fontaine Maury to the Governor. 

Some little time ago three French ships of war arrived at this port August 21, 
from Gaudaloupe, via Carthagena, where they touched with the view to New York 
sell or otherwise dispose of a number of renegade negroes they have on 


1802. board, but the Spanish Government not permitting them to be landed, 
August 21, ^Yiey proceeded hither and dispatched a vessel to (Jen. Le Clerc for further 
instructions as to the mode of disposing of them, which they daily expect 
to receive. The number of these unfortunate half-starved wretches, 
already arrived and momentarily expected in the other ships of war, 
amount to 1,500, and the best information I can collect, after having been 
at due pains to procure it, I have little doubt but they will attempt to 
dispose of them along the Southern coast in a clandestine manner. They 
have in many instances offered them for sale in this city, in open viola- 
tion of the laws. Sixty of them have been. taken sick and thrown into 
the Marine Hospital, and daily additions may well be expected to that 

Although this information may not in every respect be correct, yet I 
believe it so, and in consequence of the extreme agitation of the public 
mind I have deemed it exj)edient to impart it to you, with a view that 
you may make such use of it as you may think necessary and proper to 
guard against a measure which must highly endanger the peace and 
tranquillity of the State you represent, and those south of it. 

I am, &c. 

William Davies to the Governor. 

August 24, Capt. Drummond. just arrived from Charleston, reports that on his 
Norfolk passage, two days ago, he spoke off Cape Hatteras a French frigate, from 
Cape Francois, full of negroes, which appeared to be steering for the 
capes of Virginia, and that there was a report at Charleston that it was 
the determination of the French government to transport from St Do- 
mingo such blacks as had borne arms against the French. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

August 28, If there are any condemned negroes to be transported, there is an 
Norfolk opportunity to sell about 30 to a place from which there will be no dan- 
ger of their returning to Virginia. Desires to be informed. The town 
continues healthy. 

Francis Walker to the Governor. 

August 28, I send you a map of the line run by T. W. and D. Smith from Steep 
Albemarle Rq^;]^ creek to the Tennessee river, and our trip from the Falls of Ohio 

up the Mississippi. If any explanation in my power may be wanting, 

you have only to command me. 



Mrs. Walker and myself beg you will accept our best wishes for 3'our- 18O2. 
self and family, and hope you will call some convenient time to see us ^?£*^^ ^1^' 
as you pass. 

James Curiton to the Governor. 

William R. Curtis departed this life about 12 o'clock last night without 
will. He has no relation whatever. He married a Miss Fitzhugh six or 
seven years ago, who departed this life in about 18 months after her 
intermarriage, leaving no child. She brought to the Estate a number of 
negroes; the rest of the Estate consisting of land, negroes, stock, &c., 
came to the said William R. Curtis by purchase ; the whole Estate is 
worth three or four thousand pounds. Peter Williams the clerk of the 
court of this county, is or was the Escheator of this county; his state of 
health has prevented him from executing the duties of his clerk's office 
for the last 12 months, nor can he at this time execute the office of 
Escheator. I have thought proper to make the aforesaid statement to 
you in behalf of the Commonwealth, being sensible that you will take 
every proper step on the occasion. Any further information that may be 
refjuired, should be duly attended to by application to me. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 1, 

Thos. Underwood to the Governor. 

The Cloth Linen, &c., which was purchased last fall for the Guard, is Sept. 5, 
all made up, Capt. Quarrier has enlisted nine men since the 16th of July Richmond 
and they are in great want of their clothing. 

Mr. Fletcher is desirous that we should make an effort to sell the 
negroes he has purchased, to some other person, but in the event of our 
not succeeding, he will certainly execute a bond, with Capt. Bell as secu- 
rit\', in a week. 

I desire that the experiment be made. 

S. Tyler. 

We concur. 

Alex'r McRae, 
Jno. White, 
W. Foushee. 
Jno. Pendleton. 

Sept. 6 



Sept. 8, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Your letter enclosing a list of negroes in the Penitentiary I received. 
The price offered by Mr. Fulcher is nearly double the limits which were 
stipulated for by a gentleman in Havannah. It will therefore be best to 
take his offer. 

Mr. Livingston, the Mayor of New York, is now at this place. I shall 
have an opportunity of conversing with him on Friday on the subject of 
the French ships with negroes on board. I hope none of them will 
come into this Stat€. Should they arrive, your directions shall be fol- 
lowed. There is not the least chance of disposing of negroes in any of 
the W. India Islands that go from this, they being suspected of being 
the worst kind. Those carried to the Spaniards cannot go from this, but 
must from some of the Islands to C'arthagina and along that Shore. The 
French, I have heard, made an attempt to dispose of those brought to 
New York, but were not permitted to land in the Spanish settlements, 
and should it be known any condemned Negroes were carried from this 
or any other place, they would not be permitted to sell. 

Some few deaths have happened, but it cannot be called sickly, and 
no one is alarmed at it; the very cool weather and the lateness of the 
season will prevent any disefi^e lasting long. Your Excellency shall 
have information of any worth noticing here, esi>ecially if the French 
should arrive among us with negroes. 

Thursday, the 9. I this morning came into Town and hear that very 
few are sick, but those with violent bilious fevers and not contagious; 
confined mostly to strangers, as last year. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 17, 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

I now enclose Doctor Read's return of vessels visited by him; his 
report gives a full statement of them. Some strangers have been taken 
with the fever common to the season and several have died, but there is 
no appearance of contagion in it that I learn of. The town is as healthy 
among the inhabitants and prudent people as I ever knew it, with very 
few exceptions. I have been out of town for eight or ten days, and this 
morning came in, and find the report as above stated to be as correct as 
I could wish. 

I hope your Excellency has got the wine safe and in good order. On 

Monday next, I intend visiting the canal, and shall proceed on to the 

Carolina side also. On my return I will forward you an account of what 

is doing there. 

I am, &c. 


William Berkeley to the Governor. 

Permit nie to request the favor of you to remind the Executive of the 1802. 
necessity of appointing a committee to count the cash in the Treasury on Xr^sury 
the first of October, as I suppose this will be the last time they will meet 
before that day. 

I received a verbal message that the three items which were marked 
in the account I sent up were objected to. I now send another account 
with the former, leaving them out, although the one for punch at the 
sale of public Tobacco was particularly sanctioned by the Executive 
having allowed the same sum in my account presented last September, 
and the Almanack the year before, both of which accounts are now sent 
up for their inspection. A Resolution of December, 1790, authorizes the 
Executive io allow all expenses attending the sale of public Tobacco. 

I am, &c. 

Peter Gubrrant to the Governor. 

Asking for an advance of one thousand dollars on his contract for the Sept. 18, 
Timber of the Public Warehouse and framing the same. Richmond 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Informing him of the prices at which Slate and Tile could be bought sept. 18, 
in New York and Philadelphia, viz: Richmond 

In Philadelphia, Slate 12^x6^^ inches, S15 per M. 

Do. 16 x7f $30 per M. 

•^ New York, Do. 16 x8 $25 per M. 

'' '' ''' Do. 12 x6 $13 per M. 

" '' " Tile, $40 per M. 

The Attorney for the District composed of the counties of Fairfjix, Sept. 20 
Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William respectfully represents to the 
Executive that the public justice is likely to suffer for want of a jailor 
to take charge of the new county jail, which will be the only legal recep- 
tacle for i)risoner8 after the commissioners shall issue the advertisement 
recjuired by law, which I presume from information will, if not already 
done, be immediately published. 



Bknj. Parkb to the Governor. 

1802. I take the liberty of informing you that in consequence of a malignant 

Fredericks- ^^ver which prevails in Norfolk, Baltimore and Philadelphia, I yesterday 

hurg put the Quarantine I^aw in force here, conformably to the Act of the 
Legislature of 1795. 

For some time past I have paid strict attention to all vessels coming 
from those places, which until very lately have been but slightly affected 
by the fever, but since their situations have become somewhat alarming 
from the best information I can get, 1 have found it impossible to per- 
form the duties of my office day and night, and have engaged two men 
as a guard, whom I shall continue as such until I have the honor of 
receiving instructions from you. 

I am, &c, 

Andrew Elucott to the Governor. 

Sept. 26 I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 10th, 
and am sorry it is out of my power to give a satisfactory answer to your 
enquiries. The only document which 1 possess relative to the boundarj' 
between the States of Viaginia and North Carolina, is a map or chart of 
the line as traced by Walker and Henderson, but is unaccompanied by 
the observations made use of by those gentleman for the determination 
of the parrallel of 36° SC N. Lat. The accuracy of this work I have 
always xjonsidered at best but doubtful, owing to the mode and instru- 
ments made use of by those gentlemen, and can have no doubt but the 
boundary will be found several minutes erroneous, if it should ever be 
examined with instruments of a proper construction. 

If a map of the line would be of any use, you shall with pleasure be 
furnished with a copy of that in my possession. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 28 At a Court of Directors of the Hospital for the maintenance and cure 

of persons of unsound mind, held at the said Hospital in Williamsburg 
the 28th day of September, 1802: 

Ordered, that it be certified to the Executive that there is now a vacancy 
in the said Court of Directors occasioned by the death of George Carter. 

A copy — Teste: 

Will. Russell, C. C. D. 

Mr. Andrews recommended Antliony Robinson. 


At a Court of Directors of the Hospital for the maintenance and cure 
of persons of unsound mind, held at the said Hospital in Williamsburg, 
the 28th day of September, 1802. 

Ordered, that the Treasurer of the Hospital apply to the Executive for 
a warrant from the Auditor of Public Accounts on the Treasurer of the 
State for sixteen hundred dollars. 

A Copy — Teste: 

Will. Russell, C. C. D. 


Sept. 28 

Jambs Bennett to the Governor. 

In consequence of your Excellency's letter to me of the 14th April in 
reply to mine of 7th same, I caused t<i be made two Gun Carriages with 
Limbers and Harness corai)lete. They are substantially made, and will, 
with due care, last a long time. 

Inclosed I now take the liberty of handing an account of the expense 
attending the business, and also for a ten>porary repair put upon the old 
carriages during a time of alarm, together with the cost of amunition 
necessarily procured — the former amounting to £48 and the latter to 
£5.9d, which I hope may prove satisfactory, as I used every care in my 
power to procure the work to be done well and upon the lowest terms. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 29, 

.lofan Linton, Sheriff of Prince William, solicits the appointment of 
Jailor at Hay Market when the Jail of the District Court is removed 
from Dumfries to Hay Market. 

Sept. 30 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

The walls of the Foundry house at our Armory have been delayed 
until a decision of the Executive respecting Mr. Foxall's coming here. 
As it is getting late in the season for brick-la}' ing, I beg that you will 
please to decide respecting Mr. FoxalPs coming to Richmond or my 
going to see him. 

I beg leave to refer you to ray letters to you on the subject, and also 
Mr. Foxall's letter to me on the subject, which are now in the Council 

I am, &c. 

Oct. 2, 



I Itave li^l a few mu^ket^ bp>a^it up (pmb oar tnuta&dory for ronr 
in-i^^-ti'in. in onkr Ihai they mar nnalfi^ a &ir comiaridoo with Uiocic 
••f ••(her loanutai^'rie?. I har« hail a Brileh Towt-r [>iece. a iltarierilW 
inii-^ki;!. a iiiiiT<ket of thfiee im]-tne<l by Swan, ••ne of McConnids'a, om- 
>•( llai^lvttV. .nnf .jf Mil*^'!>. and one of tho^e made by Wheeler bnMizhl 
donn fr»ni ihe Konf of (he ^api^•l in order lliat Ihoeeof our own manu- 
facture iitay Ire <»ni)>are'1 wilh lliem. 

1 am. &c. 

Ukport,* on the State of the Tresitry. 

Tli« Treajiurer heinit enjoineil (•» close the accnunte of his oOtce on the 
S'Hh <]ay of .S«]>temlM-r annually, we. ihe underwritten v'^^tXr^ thereto 
apjioinlcil hy the Executive at the n-<|u«i<t of the Treasurer), re|iflire<l to 
the TrnMur>* on the niomin|£ of the lir^t of t >ctolier hi onler to ascertain 
the amount of money anri facililie^ actually in the Trea.-'ury, received on 
public acc<iunt and mnHtiluting the lialance due therefrom on the -loth 
fSe|tteriiher, 180*2. Having examined and carefully counted and weighed 
llie 8|iecie, we hnd it amounts to eiirhty-^ven thoU3an<l live hundred and 
tnenty-oiie dollan and fiHy c«ntf<. 

Treasury. (Mober ^d, 1802. 

J. FESDi-trroN. 
Jam»':s Wood. 

M'lilf III Ihe Treaiari/ of I'infiaia Bflirfrn 
id thf Thirl if-fint l}mj of .Unrrh, iiirhisire. 

Kxjietisef of (ieneral Assembly. 8;i7,fi7-5 ;: 

KxjH^n^ee of the Lunatic Hospital, ],.50(t I 

Interest on the Public Debt. 4,.510 :: 

Salariw to llie officers of the Militia, - . . . 1,43] ] 
Kxpuiisei' of the trial of criminals in the County and Dis- 
trict Cnurtjj, 1,742 (' 

Slaves executed and tranB|x>rted, 2,833 3 

Expenses of guards in District and Couiily .(iiil.s. - - I7iS 7 

Salaries to the officers of Government, . . . . 15.36f» ? 

Warranta to Coiumissioners of the Revenue. - - - 2,523 'J 

niiiU to pensioners, 1,5({4 1 

iijM-< of the Richmond guard, 2,4.W t 

For 1 "iM|p|eating the Manufactory of Arms, - - *j,623 t 

ExijeiiBcsof removing crimioalB to the Penitentiary, - - 10 £ 


2,271 r>8 


2,404 lo 

Oct 2 

748 9i) 

301 00 

7,695 (K) 

102 89 

58 00 

135 50 

2,857 45 

451 62 

Expenses of criminals confined in the Penitentiary, - 
For compleating the Penitentiary, - - - . - 

Expenses of pablic warehouses, 

Public services of District Court Clerks, - - - - 
Contracts for arms heretofore entered into by the F]xecutive, 

Contingent Fund Warrants — 
Warrants for appropriations prior to 1801, - . . 
Warrants on the fund arising from Militia fines. 
Artificers' pay, tools and materials for the Manufactory, 
Payments not specifically provided for, . - - . 
Certificates discovered at the Treasur}', . - - - 

$98,146 66 
VV^e the committee appointed by the Honorable Executive, ha\nng 
examined the accounts of the Treasurer for disbursements and dis- 
counts made at the Trea.»=5ury l>etween the first day of January and the 
31st of March, 18<>2, (both inclusive) find the same as within stated, 
amount to ninety-eight thousand one hundred and forty-six dollars and 
sixty-six cents, which is certified to the Auditor of Public Accounts agree- 
able to the Act of A>!sembly entitled " An Act for reforming certain public 
bonds and for other purposes." 

Given under our hands this 12th day of June, 1802. 

J. Pexdletox, 


Petition of William Hipkins to the (rovemor, praying extra pay for Oct. 4, 
his service in making cartridges for the public guard of which he is a Richnaond 

Benjamin Parke to the Governor. 

A young man just off a voyage from Savanna in Geoi^gia, died on the q^ q 

3rd instant, and Dr. French is of opinion he died of the yellow fever. Fredericks- 

Has taken every precaution to prevent infection. 

Colonel John P. Hungerpord to the Governor. 

Recommending that Stuart and William Bankhead and William Oct. 9 
Thompson, be given commissions (in accordance with their request) to 
raise a company of light infantry in the llltb r^ment of militia in 
Westmoreland Co., which he commaDds. 


0(4. in, 

C. Gore to Thomas Jbffsrbon. 

In coneeiiueiice of being left by Mr. King in charge jrith the afiaire of 
tlif! I'nitct! States, and of hia decire that I should inspect all lettera 
directed to him, I opened that from yourself under date of the 13th 'Tuly, 
and which was received on the 13th ult. 

This Sir, I must [imy you to accept ns an apology for havii^ broken 
its seal, and if my subsequent conduct shall appear an intrusion, you 
will do me the justice to impute it to the most respectful motives, com- 
bined with an ea^lei^t desire Ut promote the object of the letter, if in no 
other way, at least in obtaining and forwarding all such information as 
could be procured hero, and might tend to advance the wise and humane 
plan yiiu have so benevolently contemplated of opening a path for the 
emancipation of the Blacks on such terms as may prove beneficial to 
themselves and not injurious to others. 

I was the more induced to act in this business from the belief that 
Mr. King would not be here to attjiin any information in season to reach 
the U. States until late in the winter. 

I^rd Ilawkeshury, to whom I thought it proper first to mention the 
subject, professed a warm desire to do everything in hia power to pro- 
mote your views, but at the same time uaid the affair must rest with the 
Directors of the Sierra Leone Company, and that he was really fearful 
their late experience had been such as to deter them from the admission 
of characters like those alluded to. 

1 then took an opportunity of conferring with Mr. Thornton, chair- 
man of the court of directors, and stated to him the resolution of the 
f^egislature of Vii^jinia and your idea of the best mode of carrying the 
same into effect, with such arguments, so far as I could think of any, in 
addition to those contained in your letter, to show that the admission of 
the Blacks from the II. States might under such regulations as wisdom 
and prudence should prescribe, prove an addition of strength and benefit 
to their colony. But the estabhsbment has suffered much from the 
Maroons, who have been permitted to go there from Jamaica, and the 
Directors consider that the rise of their colony has rather been impeded 
than advanced by the Blacks from Nova Scotia. They have lately been 
obliged to apply to Parliament for pecuniary aid, and to ask assistance 
of troo|>3 to keep in check the restless and diaturbe<i spirits already 
there. The military force is not so great as they wish'd, and they enter- 
tain jealous apprehensions if it be sufficient to protect the well-disposed 
and repress the constant disposition inanifestetl in many of the colonists 
to revolt and overturn the existing Qovernment. 

These reasons appear to have great weight in Mr, Thornton's mind 
against the policy of admitting such settlers as would be most likely to 
oome from the U. States. He has, however, come to no determination 



againet the measure, but promises to advise with his friends and see if 
any expedient can be devised by which the dangers to be feared from 
acceding to the proposal may be guarded against. 

It is possible, that on Mr. King*s return, he may be able to suggest 
such reasons as shall induce the Directors to lend a favorable ear to the 
plan. He is intimate with some of the most influential of them, and if 
aught can be added to the strong motives they profess, and I have no 
doubt sincerely, to do everything exceptable to the exalted character at 
wliose instance the proposition has been made, it may be expected from 
the personal influence of this gentleman. Although from the consider- 
ations mentioned, which with others are to be seen in the state of the 
colony, as described in the memorial to Parliament, and the report of 
the — , I do not think there is much reason to hope that an incorporation 
of the blacks of the U. States with those at Sierra Leone, can be recon- 
ciled in the minds of the Directors, to the safety and prosperity of the 

1 am indebted to Mr. Thornton for the papers above referred, and 
which you will find gives an accurate statement of that colony, the evils 
most to be guarded against, with the means thought necessary for lis 
security, and the expenses of the establishment. As these papers are 
scarce, and contain information that may be valuable on this subject, I 
have taken the liberty to enclose them with this letter. 

Should an occasion occur which may promise advantage to the pro- 
posal from any endeavours of mine, 3'ou may rely on their being cheer- 
fully and faithfully exerted to that end; and if further information can 
be procured which, in my judgment, may be useful in this interesting 
business before the arrival of Mr. King, I pray you. Sir, to be assured 
that I shall derive great pleasure in forwarding it. 

I am, &c. 

Oct 10, 

Robert Newman to the Governor. 

Asking money to aid him in exploring the far West; intends to under- 
take the "most hazardous enterprise, |ierhaps, ever undertaken by man 
has a " heart proud of the dangers to be encountered." 


Oct. 16, 

Metfiorandmn of Negroes Sentenced for Tran^portatum and Sent to the 

Penitentiary for Safe Keeping, 

Ben, from Chesterfield. Greenock, from Prince George. Frank, James, 
Matthews. Sawney, Moses, Warwick. CJalabar, Spotsylvania. Lewis, 
Patrick, Joe, and Ben, King and Queen. Tom and Glasgow, from Han- 

Oct. 12 


1802. over. James, Williamsburg. Arthur, Henrico. Ned, Norfolk. Bob, 
^^* ^^ Southampton. 

The above slaves were delivered to \Vm. Fulcher the 17th of October, 
1802, by order of James Monroe, Governor of Virginia* 

Martin Mims, 
Keeper of the Penitentiary. * 

William Dabney, Clerk of the Penitentiary, to the Governor. 
Oct. 15, I have to communicate to you that the period for which the following 


gentlemen were appointed In8[)ector8 of the Jail and Penitentiary house, 
expired on the 14th instant, to wit: Samuel Parsons, Jacob J. Cohen, 
William Duval, William Berkeley, and Thomas fiadd. I believe that 
those gentlemen have no objection to serving another twelve mouths, 
should the Executive think proper to reappoint them. 

I must also observe to you that Major Dunscomb was appointed at 
the time the above gentlemen were, and by his death there was a vacancy. 

I an% &c. 

Alexander Quarrier to the Governor. 

Oct. 30 As the flag and standard of the Public Guard do not agree with the 

flag of thje United States, I have to request of you whether it is to be 
altered. If so, you will please to give your orders. 

Bill of Peter Wilkinson for the board of eleven Indians for seven days, 
meals, grog, and drams, £19.13.0. 

Alexander Quarrier to the Governor. 

Nov. 1 Asking the approval of the Executive to his sending Lieut. Underwood 

to Kentucky to see to the payment of taxes on their lands in that Stat^, 
promising to attend to his military duties in big absence. 

Philip Norborne Nicholas to tub Governor. 

Nov.* 3 I have received information of some important evidence in the case 

Richmond of the Conmionwealth vs. Read. This information I did not obtain until 

this morning. It is now^ too late to send subpoenas by any ordinary 


conveyance time enough for the next term, when the ease will be tried. 
I wish to submit ib you whether the Executive could send by express 
process to obtain these witnesses, as I am extremely anxious that the 
cause should be tried at the next term. The subpienaing of this addi- 
tional evidence is rendered more necessary as Seth Foster has written 
me word that he cannot possibly attend on account of indisposition. 

I am, &c. 



Nov. 8, 


Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

I now enclose Doct'r Read's full Report of all the vessels he visited 
since I wrote you. Doct'r Reade has informed me that he was at con- 
siderable expense in hiring boats to go on board vessels, an account of 
which he will inform you of. I am well satisfied with the Doctor's 
havinej done the duty as well as any other could, and must leave the 
compensation to your Excellency and Council to fix. 

I am, &c. 

Synopftis of Dr. Read\ Report of Vessels Visited as Superintendent of Quar- 
antine in the Port of Norfolk from Aug. 10th to Oct. 24th. 

Number of vessels' visited, 134, from the following ports, viz: Balti- 
more, St. Augustine, Bermuda, Martinique, Port-au-Prince, Barbadoes, 
Cuba, St. Thomas, Jamaica, Antigua, Aaranne, Philadelphia, Great Bar-- 
tholomewH, Leghorn, Port Republica, Trinidad, Madeira, Havana, Cape 
Francois, Surinam, Laguyra, New Providence, Grenada, St. Vincent's, 
Charlaston, Cadiz, Dominique, Port Antonio. 

Nov. 4, 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Informing him of the arrival from New York of the slate ordered for Nov. 8, 
the Pu1)lic Warehouse, and recommending the advance of fifteen bun- Richmond 
dred dollars on account for the same. 

James Campbell to the Governor. 

I had the honor to receive your letter of the 9th current, requesting Nov. 9, 

me to state the progress which has been made in improving the naviga- ® ™ ^^^ 

tion of the Appomattox river, for the satisfaction of the honorable 

General Assembly. In compliance therewith, I have the pleasure to 

inform your Excellency, that upwards of one hundred shares being sub- 




Nov. y, 



scribed, a meeting of a large majority of the subscribers was held on the 
loth day of May last, when the company was legally organized, and since 
that period a contract has been made with a person of considerable prop- 
erty and experience in such business for deepening the channel of the 
river, in conformity to the act of Assembly, so that vessels drawing seven 
feet water may easily and readily pass in all seasons of the year, which 
he is to have completed before the Ist of June, 1804. 

When this is done the exportation of merchandize w:ill be greatly facil- 
itated here. Vessels of the size usually employed in the coasting trade 
may come up to Petersburg, and the trade with the other States being 
{)romoted and extended, will have some degree of tendency to cement 
the happy Union formed by the Unit<id States. Permit me, sir, further 
to observe that many reasons occur to induce a belief that the time will 
arrive with ho common rapidity (the Union being preserved) when the 
trade between the different parts of this Continent and Islands adjacent, 
will become the most important and beneficial of any to the citizens of 

this country. 

I am, &c. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Nov. 10 I forwarded your letter to the President of the Dismal S. Canal Co., 

Robt. Andrews, Esq,, in Williamsburg. I am sorry to say but little 

progress has been niade this summer, owing to rainy weather in some 

measure. Mr. Andrews, I have no doubt, will give in his report as 


I am, &c. 

Nov. 12, 

St. George Tucker to the Governor. 

Having been for some years engaged in endeavoring to procure a com- 
plete collection of the Laws of Virginia Avithout having been able to 
effect it, I take the liberty of requesting that 1 may be furnished with 
any supernumerary copies of them that may be found among the Coun- 
cil books. 

A motive to this step is the earnest desire that I entertain of being 

able at some future day to make such a collection, when completed, 


I amj &c. 


a General Court held in Richmond the 13th day of November, 
Dunlop, a native of England, this day proved to the satisfao- 


tion of the Court that he has resided five years at least within the limits 1802. 
and under the jurisdiction of the United States, and one year at least '^^^* ^''' 
immeiliately preceeding the date hereof within this State; that he is a 
person of good character and well-disposed to the good order and hapi)i- 
ness of the United States; and having taken the oath re({uired by the 
act of Congress, entitled "an act to establish an uniform rule of naturali- 
zation, and to repeal the acts heretofore passed on that subject," is admit- 
ted a citizen of the said United States. 

A Copy — Teste: 

Wilson Allen, C. G. C. 

Vii^nia — to-wit: 

At a General Court held in Hiclimond the 18th day of June, 1799, Nov. 13 
Robert Walker, James Dunloj), ju-r, John C'halmers. and Thomas Col- 
< I uhoun, merchants, natives of Scotland, this day came into Court and 
declared on oath that they resided within and under the jurisdiction of 
the United States prior to the twenty-ninth day of January. 1795, and 
have continued so to reside ever since ; that they have also resided one 
year at least within the Commonwealth of Virginia; that they will sup- 
f)ort the Constituticm of the United States, and that they do absolutely 
and entirely renounce and abjure all allegience and fidelity to any foreign 
prince, potentate. State or Sovereignty whatever, and particularly to 
George the Third. King of Great Britain; and it appearing to the satis- 
faction of the Court that the said Robert Walker, James Dunlop, jun'r, 
John Chalmers, and Thomas Colquohoun during such residence, have 
behaved themselves as men of good moral characters, attached to the 
( 'onstitution of the United States, and well-disposi3d to the good order 
and happiness of tlie same, they are admitted as citizens of the said 
United States. 

A Copy — Teste: 

Wii*s(jN Allen, C. G. C. 

The Treasurer could not pay Mr. Davis's warrant for fifteen hundred Nov. l.T 
dollars, drawn on the appropriation for the expences of the Public Ware- 
house, because a balance of four hundred and twenty-two dollars and 
thirty-nine cents only remained in that fund at the time the warrant was 
presented for payment. 

The Treasurer is of opinion that the Law establishing the Warehouse 
on the Canal was repealed from the [mssage of the last appropriation 
I^w as to the payments necessary for its completion. 


MrcAJAH Davis to the Governor. 

1802. With submission to the Governor, I beg leave to remark that the 

Xo V 1 *\ 

Treasurer refuses to pay any money to warrant drawn on the fund appro- 
priated for Defraying the Ex})cnce of the Tob'o Warehouse, saying that 
the said Aind is exhausted, and therefore beg the inter|)08ition of the 
Executive in the premises, as the injury resulting to me will be very 


I am, &c. 

Saouaresa, Indian Chief, to the Governor. 

Nov. 15, The Great Spirit has been pleased, so far, to favor my undertaking to 
N. C. collect the scattered remnants of my people, and hiis brought me to this 

State on my journey w ith safety. 

I expect to see you again at Richmond early in January, and hope it 
will be convenient for you to have my business laid before your Legisla- 
ture in such manner as that it may be decided in a short time after my 


I am, &c. 

The land belonging to the Pamunkey Indians has never been vested 
in trustees lo be sold, as was supposed. The right is still in the survivors 
of the tribe, and from the information of Mr. Gregory, one of the dele- 
gates from King William county, it is still enjoyed by them. It api>ears 
that trustees were originally appointed for the protection and praservation 
of this property for them. All the original trustees (except one) being 
dead in the year 1786, an act was then passed for appointing new trus- 
tees. Another act was passed in the year 1798 authorizing the trustees 
to make by-laws, rules and regulations for the government of said Indians, 
and further empowering such of them as should be above the age of 
twenty-one years to supply vacancies happening in the body of trustees 
by electing, others in their stead. These are all the laws which appear 
to have been passed on the subject. From which it will appear that any 
benefit which mav be derived from an interest in said land is to be 
derived from residence and occupation only. 

The land belonging to the Nottoway tribe of Indians was, on the peti- 
tion of the survivors of the tribe, by an act }>as8ed in 1792, directed to 
be sold b}' trustees, in whom it was vested for that purpose; and the 
money for which it was sold, further directed to be applied to the pur- 
chase of public securities bearing an interest, which was to be applied 
yearly towards their support; and if the interest should prove insutlicient 
to that end, a part of the principal was from time to time to be applied 
to make up the deficiency. The land, it is said, was certainly sold under 


this act, but whether the money has been properly applied or not is at 1802. 
present unknown here, there being no one from whom information on Sr^d^^* 
that head can be had. It appears clearly, however, that no Indian can N. C. 
be entitled to any interest in said land,- or in the money for which it was 
sold, unless he be acknowledged by the survivors of the tribe in this State 
to be a member, or otherwise satisfactorily prove himself to be one. 


Agreeably to your request of the 4th inst., respecting the situation of Nov. 15, 
the works under the Acts incorporating the James River Company and '^»chmond 
subsequent thereto, I beg leave to observe that on the 26th of November 
last, we stated the subject i)retty minutely in our report of that date, and 
to which we beg leave to refer; since which an annual general meeting of 
the Company has been held, and under its direction (in the year past 
ending in July) a dividend of six per cent, on the original stock of 
£42,000 has been made. The state of the Funds will justify a similar, 
perhaps a higher Dividend in the current year, if the general meeting 
shall so direct — at the same time support the establishment, and go on 
in favorable seasons with all the improvements required as the laws now 

In the last season, the improvement on the bed of the River from a 
considerable distance above Lynchburg down to the Qty of Richmond 
has been carried on, and we believe with good effect. That part of the 
bed of the river through the mountains and up to ('row's Ferry, having 
been executed in a great measure in the preceding seasons, so as now to 
render the navigation from the highest point enjoined on the Company, 
down to the Basin in a tolerable state of water, safe and easy. 

'Tis with great pleasure we now consider the prospect of some remu- 
neration to the Public, as well as to the individuals for a hazardous and 
expensive undertaking, as brightening very considerably, and the great 
object and extensive inland navigation nearly completed, of between two 
and three hundred miles into the heart of this country. 

On behalf of the Board of Directors. 

I am, sir, &c. 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Your letter of the 15th ins't has been duly received, and I hasten to Nov. 18, 
give you all the information I possess upon the different inquiries there Penitentiary 

You let request a statement of the number of criminals who have 


1802. been sent to the Penitentiary from each successive term of the District 

Nov. 18, (;;ourt8, since the establi.shment of the Institution. In answer, the follow- 
Penitentiary ' , ' 

ing statement will b(i found correct: 

From the Spring term of 1S()0 there were recx^ived, - - . (; 

" " Fall Utoi " " u .. u ... i:, 

'' '' Spring *• " 1801 ' ^^ »^ ... 19 

u a Fall ** (.i ii u li ii ... 14 

'' '' Spring '' '' 1802 ^^ - *' ... 23 

U U TTqI] " " '* U 4k u ... *>1 

Making in the whole, 98 

One object of this enquiry being to ascertain "whether the number of 
convicts has increased or diminished of late " it mav be necessarv to 
observe that prior to the September term of 1800, all persons charged 
with criminal oft'ences were dealt with according to pre-existing laws; 
unless after conviction, the convict prayed the benefit of the Penitentiary 
Law. Many petty offenders perha}>s jireferred the Ignominy of public 
punishment to the slow disgrace of ImpristMiment, an<l were sentenced 
according to existing statutes, from which circumstance the number 
received at this term was comparatively smaller than at those immedi- 
ately succeeding. 

2ndly. "lias any convict who has been once discharged been sent 
back?" I have the satisfaction of answering this ciuestion in the nega- 
tive. No such case ha^^ yet occurred. 

3rd. The number of disciharged, since the ()j)eration of the law, amounts 
to twenty-six; all of whom, except the invalid convicts who were unable 
to labour, have ac<juired some useful trade, which, if diligently followe<l, 
will enable them to gain reputable livelih(M»ds. The short periiKl for 
which petty offenders of the lowest class is confine<l, may sometimes form 
exceptions. The term of six months not heing suHicient for a mean 
ca}»acity to acquire any trade. 

4th. One man only has escaped who has been confined in the peniten- 
tiary, and this haj)j)ened in the infancy of the Institution, and before the 
Building was in such a state of completion as to insure safe keeping. 
Indeed I consider that absolute security from escapes can never be 
expected unless all conmiunication from without is effectually prevented. 
The windows of the cells having an outward exposure will be subject to 
the curiosity of visitors and afford an easy inlet to whatever may assist 
the Inginuity of the convict in effecting his elopement. A temporary 
enclosure since the loss of Whitson has prevented outward intercourse, 
and has in all probability been our greatest security from future esca|>es 
or even attempts to escji[)e. 

oth. The conduct of convicts after confinement, being an object of your 
encpiiry, I take pleasure in informing you that although witli the greater 
mmiher, mild trciitment succ<'eds best, yet with some, gixxl effects appear 


to have resulted from punisliment and humiliation. In many cases 18()2. 
apparent resignation and conviction of the justice of their sentence, have p ^^^^ ^?* 
l^roduced a laudable spirit of industries and an adherence to the regula- 
tions of the Institution. 

The ministry of the neighborhood have sometimes visited the prison, 
and I have found their spiritual admonitions listened to with attention 
and concern, and I feel no doubt but that many of the discharged convicts 
and the conmiunity, will reap the happiest eftects fn)m mild and well 
timed punishment within our walls. There may be found some whom 
punishnjent may not effect nor shame reclaim, yet it may be hoped that 
a continuance of their confinement may be of ^lutary consc<]uence and 
induce such a line of conduct as may proniote their future welfare. 

The mode of treatn)ent which I have been obliged to pursue has been 
generally regulated by the conduct of the prisoner. Mild measures are 
in most instances best calculated to answer the i>urposes of reformation, 
and the most effectually to promote a sjiirit of industry, liut on the 
other hand, obstinacy and pervcrseness of ])is|>osition retjuire a more 
rigid and determined discipline, and I have therefore reported for punish- 
ment, and have been myself ius severe as my powers would allow. 

One tenth part of the convicts are perhaps of the latter description ; 
the remainder experience all the mildness which the nature of their 
situation admits, and these, it may be hoped, will afler their confinement, 
be industrious artizans and useful citizens. 

I am, Arc. 

Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To ^licajah Davis, Dr. 

To am't of account for 353,o(X) slate for Public Warehouse, including Nov. 19 

commissions, ttc, $3,828 45^ 

By previous warrant for 81,5(X) and sundry other Credits, 

825 (X), 1,525 00 

$2,303 45i 
Add 500 Slate in Invoice omitted, 4 50 

Bal. due, $2,307 95^ 

.Vdd ara't credited as above but not paid by the Treasurer, - 1,500 (K) 

Am't of warrant ordered by Council, - - - $3,807 95i 

James Kkith to the Governor. 

I was duly honored with your letter through the hands of Col. Deneale. Nov. 24, 
1 immediately made the several members of the Board acquainted with Alexandria 


1802. the contents, but from the sicknews of one of the niemhers and the ab- 

\u?J' ^J?'- sence of two others, a Board could not be forineci till vesterdav, when 
Alexanaria ' ^ ^ ^ j 

your Excellency's letter was laid before the meraben^, who have report^^d 
the present state of the work and future prospect^^ to your Excellency, 
which is herewith inclosed, together with a copy of the report ma^le by 
the Roanl to the Stockholders at their last meeting, referred to hi the 
report to your Excellency. 

Your Excellency will perceive by the report to the Stockholders, that 
the Hoard contemplate making further improvements in the river, so as 
to render it navigable for longer periods than heretofore. The measure 
had been agreed upon but the operations not commenced. At the meet- 
ing of the St4)ck holders, they considered the subject and gave a charge to 
the Board to push the further improvement of the navigation. In com- 
pliance with this injunction, the Board determined to employ a third set 
of labourers to work on the river from Harper's Ferry downwards. Then 
several sets of laborers have been employed from the time the river was 
in a proper state to work in the water. A few days before the receipt of 
your Excellency's letter. I took a view of what had been done and was 
doing by the two lower sets of labourers. From what was then done, 
the examination 1 was then capable of making of that which was to do, 
and the information I received from those who had the immediate charge 
of the labourers, I can without hesitation declare I am fuUv satisfied 
that when the work is completed as intended in the part of the river 
from the upper end of Seneca Falls to Tide-water, which space also com- 
prises the (Ireat and Little Falls, a boat may pass at any season of the 
year Ciirrying from 00 to 10() barrels of Flour. This T know has very 
genereally l)een considered as impracticable, but at an expense exceeding 
any funds the Company could possibly hope to command. From the 
mildness of the season and the accounts I have received since I was up 
the river, I have reason to believe the work in that part will be fiilly 
executed this sciu^on. My state of health did not admit of my going up 
to Harper's Ferry, but from the account given by the Superintendent it 
appears that all the necessary blasting, which is chietly to be done under 
water, must be complet<}d in that jjuarter this season. There will then 
remain the making some Hushes or wing walls to throw a greater body of 
water into the channels now formed and forming at the low state of the 
river. From the head of Seneca Falls to Tide- water are twenty miles 
and one-half From the same place to Harper's Ferry are thirty-five 
miles. Harpers Ferry is a i»oint to which many of the farmers in Jef- 
fei-son and Frederick counties bring their products, to be from there 
conveyed by water to market. The improvements made this year in tlie 
river will be of innnense benefit to that part of the Sttite. Below that 
chain of falls at Harper's Ferry, and between there and the Seneca Falls, 
there are three or four fish dams and one gravel shoal which require 


Wh^n rjiL* :>* -iime. mii "lit* Tail* oiaiie ii "iiar ^bmn -Jtiiuw H.arti*»r ->• l*»jrr% . . . *^ ; "^ ^ 
the EUivi^iariiJEi viil its luuinieiLti nnm :ht?ai.'%! iiicu TTtu^^votur 

lar* and i«>rtv--diTv« .!f**. 


WlLt. Kf^^JLL, C C IX 

r>nier»e*i. That r,h*t TnHkHir»»r ^^f the H»)i>pttal applv tso the KX^Hjtciw 
for a wamni: mm th*T Aiiiiiii^r '^r Pubtt: AcciKiuts on th** Tbrtfcsttrvr v^' 
the State r«>r cw»-» th«Mii?an«l fi>tlar?w 

A copy — Teste: 

Will. Kvss*:iL. 

S1.VX> ••nlv in the fan»i. 

Thomas jErFER5»»\ President U. S. t\^ the Goykkw^k. 

On receipt of vi^ur letter of June 11th in answer to nutu* v*f J\it\e "^1. Nn»x iNi 
I wn»te t«» Mr. King •»ur Mini.<ter at the iVnrt of Lon^iou ti Kile»\ the ^^^^ ^*^^ 

copy of which I now ench.>!«e you. I tru^tt»d we had then time env^^i^h 
to have n-ceivedan answer before the ensuinjr nuvtin^ of the l.^^j^UUtuiv 
of Virginia, hut he pn>l>ahly h^ft Kuelanii on a visit to the Tohtiueut » 
little l^'fore the receip»t of that letter. As his alvsemv however was u\>t \\^ 
\h' long, I am iK>t entirely without ho|>e of an answer U*ftm^ the rising of 
the I..egi8lature. which may give us an idea of the pmUihle rtvull ; it jthttll 
be comnuinic-ated to vou as soon as rw^ived. 

The convulsions ]>revaiiing in the French West India islands, phiee in 
a state of alarm all the Nations having |H>sseasions in their nei^hlH»rho«Ml 
into which blacks have been admitted. Under these einMunstanetvH, (he 
dangers which might result to them from any innovation, lVt>m any elMMi^e 
of ]K)sition, are opposed to propositions whioh at other tinn»H wtiubl \n^ 
admissable. The similar apprehensicms wo have oxperienotMl oui^selveH, 
will suggest the difficulties which this hmnch <}f tuir propoHltion hiuv 
meet with for a time, but no favorable occasion of attempting it nIiuII be 




1802. I pray you to accept assurances of my affectionate esteem ani 
W^hinlton considemtion. 

Henry Bedinger to Samuel Coleman. 

Nov. 21), A few days ago was handed me your Letter of the 18th of Sep 

ar ms urg JQfQ|.,^jjj|g i\^^i j am in arrears to the contingent fund of the Soc 

Cincinnati of Virginia the sum of two dollars. He iissured 1 shot 

have left standing such a sum, had I had any Idea of heing in a 

The total ignorance of the affairs, funds, and disbursement** - 

Society did indeed call for an investigation, and altho' I cannot f 

ally attend at the time appointed for the next meeting, yet I shall 

heartily concur in the measures which will then be adopted. 

trouble you. Sir, with an application to Mr. Price for payment 

within inclosed order to Mr. Price (Register of the I^and Office), 

paid will you be so obliging as to pay the same to the Treasure 

Wm. Heath). 

I am, &c. 

John Nivison to the Governor. 

Dec. 1, Inclosing account for ammunition bought for the 54th regiment 

Norfolk ^^Q threatened insurrection. 

Dec. 4, 



Petition of Samuel Robertson, claiming to be a free man ol 
Recites that he was ill^»lly brought from Maryland by one 
Rogers, who was murdered on the Ohio river by Jack Neel; tha 
he has been confined in Kanawha jail as a witness, and that the < 
court has sold him to pa}' the costs of NeePs trial. Prays for his i 

Dec. 4 Memorial of the president and directors of the Little River Tu 

Company to the Governor, reciting that at the last session, the C 
Assembly of Virginia passe<l an act incori)orating the said com pan 
p<^)wer to establish a road from the intersection of Duke street, 
town of Alexandria, with the southwest line of the District of Col 
to the ford of Little river, where the turnpike crosses; that two hi 
and seven shares had been subscribed for. The company now pr 
letters patent as directed by. the said act. 

Signed by James Keith, President; George (lilpin, Levin 1 
Richard M. Scott, and John Thomas Ricketts. 

[Rough draft of letters patent to the Little River Turnpike Co 
on tile. — Ei).] 



James Monrob to the Council. 

Your very obliging and friendly communication of this date, merits 1802. 
and receives my warmest acknowledgement. At the moment of retiring Richmond 
from the office of Chief Magistrate, which I have held for the last con- 
stitutional term of three years, 1 cannot be indifferent to the good opin- 
ion of those with whom I have so long acted. Sensible of what was due 
to the just rights of the Council of State, and to the merit of the mem- 
bers who composed it, it was my earnest desire, as it was my duty, to 
respect those claims in our official intercourse; and it is highly gratifying 
to me to find that my endeavors were not ineffectual. Had I erred. I 
should have deemed myself the more culpable as the generous example 
of a contrary conduct was alwa3'8 presented to me on its part. 

All my official acts have been known to the Council of State, in their 
commencement and conclusion. You, therefore, have it completely in 
your power to judge of the propriety of my conduct in every transaction. 
That it has your approbation, is a circumstance which will at all times 
give me unfeigned pleasure. Having laboured long to the utmost of my 
|)owers in sup[>ort of our republican institutions, that cause can never be 
indifferent to me. That it may prosper, and that you may long live to 
enjoy the fruit of your upright, uniform and able support of it, is the 
eameyt wish of your sincere friend and fellow-citizen. 

William John to the Governor. 

Informing him that there are about thirty public musquets in Monon- Dec. 8, 
galia county, most of them in bad condition and no care taken of them. '^><^"'"^'"^* 

Robt. Sherrard,' James McMechan and Thomas Corse to the 


Complaining of oppressive conduct on the part of John Hunter, \Vm. Dec. 8, 
Alexander and Nicholas Orrick, Magistrates. Hprinm 

John Mercer to the Council. 

Requesting to be informed when it will be convenient for the Council 
to enter upon the business to which inclosed orders of the General Assem- 
hlv relate. 

Dec. 15 

Orden? of the House of Delegates and Senate, that a joint committee Dec. 17 
con-sisting of Messrs. Mercer, Xewsum, Booker, Eley, Hawes, Walker, 


Warren and I^rkin Smith from the first ; and Faulcon, Hoomes, Bayly, 
Preston, Hun)j;erford and Newton from the Utter, be appointed for the 
purpose of enquiring into the expenditure of the Executive Department 
during the preceding year. 

Petition of Francia Anson a conviet in the Penitentiary for a pardon, 
in return for which he will reveal valuable secrets as to the discovery of 
nietals by rods, &c., and also his knowledge of smelting. 


Dec. ID, Slating that as agent for the Slate he had rented part of the public 

BS^kfi^ham '*'"*^ '" Buckingham to Mr. Mintor. The part of the Old Furnace 

County tract lying north of the old river road, could not he rented to any one. 

Wu. Davies to the Goverkor. 

Dec. 22, Has found among the old papers in his office a number of duty bondu 

^Office^" taken by John King and Josiah Parker. The bonds belong to tJie State 
Norfolk of Virginia, and he has reason to believe have not been wholly paid. 

Dec. 34 Received of the Executive a sabre and belt procured by the (Jovern- 

ment, in conformity with a resolution of tlie General Assembly, for the 
representative of Gen, William Campbell, which I promise to deliver to 


Dec. 24 John Page qualifies as Governor of Virginia. 

Dec. 24 George Hay qualifies as memljer of the Council. 

K. Lanium to the Governoe. 

Informing of the capture of George Fridley, from Staunton, who was 
(in consequence of a proclamation of Gov. Monroe) apprehended in Ohio 
and held for requisition. 


I do hereby certify that Francis T. Brooke, Esq., appeared in the Fred- 1803. 
ericksburg District Court as one of the counsel for the C'omnionwealtli Qpir^fu 
uiK)n a iiurastraas de droit filed in the said Court by William Stanton 
against the Commonwealth to an Inquisition of Escheat. 

Certified this 3rd day of January, 1803. 

John Chew, C. F. D. C. 

In this case judgment was for the Commonwealth. I was employed 
by the Escheator of Culpeper. 

F. Brooke. 

D. Sheffey to the Governor. 

Informing him of the report of the committee of the House of Delegat<?s Jan. 13 
on the subject of the Finances of the Commonwealth, comprehending all 
that part having relation to the conduct of the Executive in certain 
expenditures directed by them, and inviting explanation by the Execu- 
tive before the committee the next dav. 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Having been informed that the Inspectors of the Penitentiary house Jan. 13, 
lately made a connnunication to you respecting that Institution, in which <^"*^""*'*y 
I am sorry to understand that my conduct as keeper thereof is censured, 
I n»)w solicit that 1 may be furnished with a copy of their report. 
Having been appointed by the Executive to that office, and having con- 
scientiously discharged the duties attached to it, and, as I hope, to your 
satisfaction, it is with reluctance I address you on this occasion, yet I 
conceive it a duty which I owe to myself and to those who placed me 
here in my present capacity, to make this request in order that I may be 
enabled to give the explanation which the case may require. 

I am, &c. 

The official Bond of Wm. Moseley as Treasurer of the Commonwealth Jan. 13 
for one year from date of ap|)ointment in the penalty of One Million 
Dollars is filed. 

William Dabney to the Governor. 

Infonning of two vacancies in the Board of Inspectors of Penitentiary jan. 13 
by resignation of Major Scott and Mr. Hays. 

Wl il^kVESihMi OF 8TATB PAFI3t& 


J v//, i^,Vuiiit^ M ftUmA of annn Irir the lifdit Inikotir of the Scrond BaUl- 

jMii \y • 

li'/fi of tl^^ i^:f/nd Ki^pifient An oider that opon a reiom made onder 

(l«^ H^isUiifit of l}i« (Vmirnajvianiof the Repineni. if the cooipanv is 

f'jfUiffUfU:^ that a naffidetii number of an»s for noa-commi^i^ioDed officers 

jaimI ffrivnUm \hs imueA tor tl^iia comfianj. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Jmh, I/i AnkiriK t^iat the muiii of one hundred dollars or more, in the hands of 

(Uti*l HlfOf% in Philadelphia, be directed to be applied to the purchase in 
that city of iihtH, Ac,, needled for the manufactory of arms in Richmond. 


Juii. Uif I hml th(» honor to receive your favor of the 15th Inst., inclosing a 
(M'lMrioiM ^,^^^^y ^^j. ^ I,«tt<jr from the Keef>er of the Penitentiary to the Executive. 
I hiivcj (!otnniuni(!ated the contents to the Board of Inspectors, who have 
\uiu\ proper attention thereto. The Report of the Board, with the acconi- 
pimyinK documents respecting the Keeper's conduct, the committee 
appointed by the Board of Inspectors will have the honor to lay before 
the Kxecntivo; also their Records and Order Book, which will satisfy, 
they truHt, the Ilonomble the Executive, that their Report of the />th 
InsUmt was founded on a sincere desire to co-operate with the Executive 
(■ouncil of this State in suggesting salutary amendments to the peniten- 
tiary hiw and to promote the i)ublic Good without respect to the private 
InU^rest of any individual. As to that benevolent and humane system, 
tlu' Kxi»cutive and the Board of Inspectors have the same mind — the 

same patriotic /.oal. 

I am, &c. 


to the Governor. 

Jaiu ^>, Asking nn onler to Joshua West, Q. Master of 19th Regiment, for five 
Kiohiiumd i^hh^Ji^hI oartridgt>s for Distinct Corjvs of Militia from said Regiment. 

«Iamics Ghkknmow, Thysioian to PrBLio Gtard, to the Governor, 

Jaiix ^{11, Asking thai the liuard l>e supplied with sixteen watch oo^ts, to be used 
HlthiiHUHl j^^ txmmuw bv tlu* men while on dutv. 


Daniel Hylton's certificate that the oaths prescribed for the Treasurer I8a3. 
have been taken by William Moseley. ^*"- ^ 

Richard Adams, Colonel Commandant, to A. Quarrier. 

Please deliver to Mr. Joshua West, Quartermaster, three hundreil car- 
tridges and one hundred and fifty flints for the use of the 19th Regiment. 

John Prunty to the Governor. 

Returning thanks of Jenny Bo3^1in (alias Baylor) and her aged parents Jan. 2;J 
for her pardon. 

Asking also that the final determination of the Board in the case of 
negn) man slave the property of George Jackson, sentenced to <leath by 
the County C^)urt of Harrison county, and supposed to have been par- 
doned, should be made known. 

We whose names are subjoined, being officers of the army of the United Jan. 26, 
States during the Revolutionary W^ar, do certify that officers of the rifle 
companies in that army drew rifles of the public. 

Little'y Mosby, Jr. 
Wm. Moseley. 

The report of Martin Mims, Keeper of the Penitentiary, defending Jan. 20 
himself against charges preferred against him by the Board of Inspectors, 
inclosing numerous certificates of Richmond merchants that for goods 
sold M. Mims for use of Penitentiary, the payments had been satisfac- 

D. Sheffey to the Governor. 

r enclose the extract requested by yours of last evening, containing a January 
detail of the appropriations and expenditures of last year. 

I hojM) the Executive will be prepared to give the explanations jironi- 
ised on Monday. On that day, at half-past nine o'clock in the morning, 
the committee will meet for the purpose of reconsidering the report. 

I should not press this subject in the manner it has been, were it not 
that its consideration in the house is of moment. 


I am, &c. 

'xxjESiihii. w -mvnr 



»^o <ir 

w-if5: T^L^ftt >«TII :i^ '•DM 'WVT3BKW&. 

nm^ Wit lUiftmtL. 

;>^in^i> >r«ti*«p«i»v** .Tii';i«ti,,4ii. :!i> 'TiH ixiBPT^CAdar^TTt^iacNOH. 

y 1i4- \^nrf 1/ 'ri«i#^?r*vi<r-U#* "^»imi»n 3?a«3»r ii"iii?*-ffiir »i Sitrrrn r 
.#<rt ^isyin«t ti#» '. tmnutn 19^^ til. r^iittfL -^nir Sfc ?ni5P^ vwh -aujAti*'?*!: »*- 

v»r»*»f1» vr ti#« >Tttt»»^ r:Il v» ill* i#»r niifte ▼mert an. it* iinsuts^ i^^ ir 

.ttU. QU. 

ftl^rt Wi» / 

Uffffti^i^iU t4 \if^uv$. wtAfff "Aft Acl u>aiiKV)4 tbetlkaiier 01 «b*^ Citr 
f4 Hif hi$^fipf\/ j/fiM5*^l i%ity 1 1 th, I "fltJ;, tr* divvk- tb*" ^aid CilT inio thi>ee 
'^MffU i*$^i if* fim$t\f*^ mtt^l nam^ tUffnt. YtAre made the ^>D«>irmg anun<!«e- 

%o \ i*ftti'f*^tit Ward, -^'omrnetK-fs* at the lower eod ^yi the C'itv of 
HitStUiot^S H\HfH fh^r tft^nau of Jaraes River and where Rocketts creek 
KfttffiU* ihi^f iUf* miifl Ri^^r, exU'nding thence up the meanders t^^f the 
«;0d f1v#rr fill it rfm'hm tUa i^tmt street next aliove Shuckue creek; fol- 
low )Mi/f iU$ii Hirt'iii U Utf:\wUm the Bf^ll Taveni, running to the hack of the 
rM,v tM H Mtrniiirlft liiii^; following that line to the lowest boundary of the 
i-ily nufl ffofM i\$t'iu'Ai Ui th(? beginning. 

Niir 'i MtuWmm CofiinimiccH at the upiHjr line of Jefferson Ward on 
UlM Mmf((tti of JrinM!ft Hivctr, following the meanders of the River till it 
iviflk<^ ih« NtriM)t noxt a(H)VO Hay Market Gardens ; thence following that 


street by the Ixtan OfBce to the back line of the Town; thence along the 1803. 
bock line till it reaches Jefferson Ward. February 

No. 3. Monroe. — Includes the whole of the Citv of Richmond above 
MadiBon Ward as now established by I/aw. 

In making the foregoing arrangement, the Executive will perceive that 
the Committee were entirely influenced by a regard to fX)pulation and a 
wish to make each Ward compact and agreeable to its inhabitants. 
Given under our hands this 23rd day of February, 1803. 

Wm. Duvall, 
RoBT. Mitchell, 
Meri'r Jones, 
j. h. foushee, 
Lewis Harvie. 

Thomas Jefferson, President U. S., to the Governor. 

In compliance with a request of the House of Representatives of the February. 
United States as well as with a sense of what is necessary, I take the Qj^y 
liberty of urging on you the importance and indispensible necessity of 
vigorous exertions on the part of the State Gk>vemment to carry into effect 
the militia system adopted by the National Legislature, agreeably to the 
powers reserved to the States respectively by the Constitution of the 
United States, and in a manner the best calculated to ensure such a degree 
of military discipline and knowledge of tactics, as will under the auspices 
of a benign providence, render the militia a sure and permanent bul- 
wark of national defence. 

None but an armed nation can dispense with a standing army ; to keep 
ours armed and disciplined is therefore at all times important, but 
especially so at a moment when rights the most essential to our welfare, 
have been violated, and an infraction of treaty committed without colour 
or pretext, and although we are willing to believe that this has been the 
act of a subordinate agent only, yet it is wise to prepare for the possibility 
that it may have been the leading measure of a system. 

While, therefore, we are endeavoring, and with a considerable degree of 
confidence, to obtain by friendl}' negotiation, a peaceable redress of the 
injury, and effectual provision against its repetition, let us array the 
strength of the nation, and l>e ready to do with promptitude and effect, 
whatever a reganl to justice and our future security may require. 

In order that I may have a full and correct view of the resources of 
our country in all its different parts, I must desire you, with as little 
delay as possible, to have me furnished with a return of the militia, and 
of the arms and accoutrements of your state, and of the several counties 
or other geographical divisions of it. 

Accept assurances of my high consideration and respect. 





The Governor reported to the Board that in the recess of the Coun- 
cil, on a representation of the Auditor, of the necessity of an imme- 
diate appointment of agents to purchase for the benefit of the Comraon- 
wealtli, lands taken under execution on public account and not sold for 
want of bidders, he had appointed John Hadden in the county of Ran- 
dolph; Pjlliot Kucker, of Madison; Hiram Opie, of Northumberland; 
George Shillern, of Botetourt; John Woodward, of Monroe, agents, 
respectively for the purpose above recited. 

That he had directed Major Coleman, on ascertaining the balance of 
public monies in the hands of Messrs. Pickett, Pollard, and Johnston, 
advanced for the purchase of arms in Philadelphia, to obtain from them 
a draft on the bank of the United States, in favor of Gen'l Shee, for said 
balance, being 1,012 54 cents, for the purpose of paying for the fire 
Engine and Buckets directed to be purchased for the Armory, &c., and 
that he had, on the 16th instant, issued an order directing a warrant to 
be issued in favor of Major Coleman for $1,0(X) dollars, to be remitted to 
Gen'l Shee for procuring Iron and other articles for the Armory. 

March 3 I do hereby certify that I have administered to Mr. John Moody, who 
hath been appointed by the Executive, Surveyor of the Falls of James 
River by virtue of an act entitled "an act for the more effectually prevent- 
ing obstructions to the passage of Fish in James River and its navigable 
Branches," the oath prescribed by the said act of Assembly, and required 
to be taken by the person appointed as Surveyor aforesaid. 
Given under my hand this 3rd da}' of March, 1803. 

Al. McRa£. 

Philip Norborne Nicholas to the Governor. 

March 5 Exjiressing the opinion (asked for by the Governor) that the Act of 
Assembly, passed January 9th, 1802, concerning the salary of the Public 
Printer is confined in it*? operation to that session and not a permanent 

Jos. Nevill to the Governor. 

March 14, Your letter of instructions I received yesterday together with another 
Hardy Co. enclosing my commission. 1 immediately made application to the com- 
manding officer of the militia of this County for a Return of his Regi- 
ment, who informed me it was out of his power to comply with the 



Expecting the commanding officers of the other Counties within my . 1803. 
District in the same condition, I shall, immediately after qualifying to xj ^^^ }^ 
my commisrion, order Battalion Musters within the different counties of 
my District, with particular instructions to make me returns, which shall 
be forwarded to the Executive as soon as possible. 

I am, &c. 

J. Stokklby to the Governor. 

Enclosing th© official Bond of Hugh Phelps and Robert Kincheloeand 
their securities, commissioners under Act of Gen'l Assembl}', passed 
Jan'y 23, 1801, for completing a Road from State Road to the mouth of 
Little Kanawha; urging the Executive to take measures to compel these 
commissioners to discharge the duties undertaken by them. 

March 16, 
Wood Co. 

Meriweathbr Jones, Public Printer, ^o the Governor. 
Inquiring how his salary is to be paid. 

March 19 

The Committer appointed to examine and report a statement of the 
cash balance with the Keeper up to the 5th of January last, handed in 
the following report, which was received by the Board, to wit: 

To the Board of Inspectors: 

Agreeable to appointment and in pursuance of your directions of 
the 7th instant, we have requested the clerk to make out a statement of 
the cash balance of the Keeper's account up to the 5th of January last, 
by which it that the balance due from him at that date to the 
institution, as per annexed statement, was $1,954 69 cents, and that the 
manufactured articles trusted out and not collected (and for which he is 
responsible) amount to $2,171 85 cents, as per list of balances accompa- 
nying this. The Board will observe that the outstanding debts consist 
of 122 accounts of from 25 cents to $117 27 cents. The collection of 
such a number of small debts dispersed about into such a variety of 
hands must necessarily interfere with much of the time of the Keeper 
and tend to draw his attention from the r^ular duties of his office, which 
the Committee oonsider as an evil of some magnitude and beg leave to 
turn the attention of the Board towards, in order that a remedy may be 


Signed, Charles Johnston, 

Thomas Ladd. 
Richmond, 19th March, 1803. 


Resolved, That the foregoing report of the Committee, received on the 
19th instant, be transmitted to the Executive by the Chairman, with tlie 
following remark? of the Board, to wit: 

This Board unanimously admits by the foregoing report that the 
Keeper has not misa4)])lied the actual cash that has come into his hands 
of the institution, but it does appear that the Keeper was indebted to the 
institution in the sum of 91,954 C9 cents on the Gth of January last, he 
being responsible for the amount of outstanding debts. 

The forgoing is a true copy from the proceedings df the Board of 
Inspectors of the Jail and Penitentiary House on the 19th and 22<1 inst. 

William Dabney, Clerk, 

RoBBRT Lbwis, Captain, to thb Govbrnok. 

Re|>orts the strength of his Military Company to be seventy-five rank 
and iile, and wanting all kind of arms and acooutraments. 

James Madison to the GovKaNOR. 

March 26, General Muhlcnburg, the collector at Philadelphia, informs me that a 

Washington ^^ containing a model and addressed to Governor Monroe baa been 

left at a certain house there by a vessel which lately arrived. 

He wishes to know in what manner he is to dispose of it. Presuming 
that the address was meant for the Governor of Virginia, I take the lib- 
erty of giving you this information with a view that you may give the 
proper orders in the case. 

I am, &c. 

ISahuel Pleasants, Jr., and H. Pace to the Governor. 

Presenting account for printing certain number of copies of the 
Revised Code of the Laws of the Commonwealth for the use of the Pub- 
lic ofticers, with the certiticates of two of the gentlemen appointed by 
the General Assembly to examine the work. 

TtTrnATii) .\dams, Col. Nineteenth Reuimknt, to the Governor. 

in conformity to and in obedience of the orders given by the late Gov. 
concerning a district corps, I have complied strictly, and have 
the necessary arrangements for the whole of tlie present year. 


Be assured, Sir, I shall attend to this and all other orders from you 1803. 
with promptitude and dispatch. P" ^ 

Permit me, Sir, to submit to your consideration, the subject in a more 
full light than perhaps it has heretofore been seen by the Executive. 
The sentiments expressed to me and some of the officers of the 19th 
Regiment by Gov'r Monroe, induced them to believe that this city would 
certainly on any alarm of Invasion or insurrection, be garrisoned, it being 
the place of deposit for the public arms and ammimition, and consider- 
ing this duty now ordered to amount to the same, have in some respects 
n^lected the draughts, which is very uncertain and troublesome in a 
great degree owing to the instability and many removals of our citizens. 

It is also necessary that I should observe to you that the arms fur- 
nished any troops on immediate service, will occasionally want repairs; 
the quartermaster of the 19th Regiment reports it is the case with the 
19th R^'t, but I have never been able to obtain leave to send them to 
any place where they may be repaired at the public expense. Your 
communication on the foregoing subjects will be acceptable to me when 

your convenience will permit. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

The enclosed I have forwarded to your Excellency that in case the Arril 3, 
vessel mentioned should arrive here, you may direct in what manner we ^ 
must proceed with her. I am of opinion the people should be put into 
the Hospital and stay a few days if they should arrive in health. 

I am, &C. 

American Consulate Office, 
London, Jan^y 29, 180S. 
To the Colle^tar of the Port of Norfolk: 

SiR,^-The ship Mary, Thomas Temple, master, freighted by me 
for the purpose of carrying to the U. S. a number of our unfortunate 
countrymen lately discharged from the British Navy, was obliged some 
time since to put into Falmouth by stress of weather, where a fever 
having broken out, she has hitherto been kept in quarantine. Several of 
the passengers have died, but the disorder has at length disappeared, 
and the vessel having consequently been released from quarantine, will 
in the course of a few days proceed on her voyage. Least any possi- 
bility, however, this distemi)er should again break out in the course Of 
her passage, I think it proper to give you this information in order that 
you may take such precautions as to you shall seem proper to guard 
against the introduction of the disorder. 

I an", &c., 

Geo. W. Ewing. 



April 6. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

I now enclose report of the Physician respecting the Ship Mary, Capt. 
Temple, with the seamen, Mr. Ewing wrote of. A copy of his letter I 
enclosed last post. This Ship sailed from Gravesend early in Nov'r. put 
into Falmouth in distress where she was quarantined until all was well. 
Then obtained a bill of health, and sailed the 4th of March with ttie pas- 
sengers and crew in health, and have arrived here so, as the Doctor's cer- 
tificate will shew. 

I laid the case agreeable to law before the Mayor and Alderman, who 
judged there was no necessity for detaining the Ship; they will accord- 
dingly be discharged and ordered to their respective homes. They are 
chiefly negroes and mulattoes, who have been oh board British vessels 
during the war, and very unfit persons to be sent here. As the British 
Government impressed them, so they ought to keep them and not run 
the U. S. to the expence of removing nuisances they were the cause of. 

They will be examined by the Mayor and ordered away as soon as 
possible. There is not the least danger of any infectious disease on board 
the Ship. 

They were taken on board in an emaciated state, and have been getting 
better ever since they sailed. 

I am, &c. 

Port of Norfolk, 5ih Aprils 1803. 

In obedience to the order of the Superintendent of Quarantine and of 
the Mayor of Norfolk, I have this day visited the ship Mary, Captain 
Temple, from Falmouth, England. I find out of 82 men taken on board 
as passengers (being American seamen late on board his Britannic Majes- 
ty's ships) sixty-one are at this time on board the Mary, a considerable 
proportion of whom are people of colour. They are as healthy looking 
men as I ever saw collected together in one body. There is not, on the 
strictest examination, a single sickly-looking man on board. 

The captain, officers and crew of the Mary, consisting of eighteen men, 
are as well-looking as any crew I have ever seen. The ship has been 
thirty-two days on her passage. Seventeen out of the 82 died from the 
time of taking on board at Gravesend, one detained by the Consul at 
Falmouth, and three run away. The last man died 22nd of February, 
from accident; three others chiefly of fever of the inflammatory kind. 
The Captain himself was ill of same complaint, but has a well-looking, 
healthy appearance at this time. The ship, considering she has eighty- 
one people on board, is remarkably free from disagreeable smells of any 
kind. On the whole I do not apprehend any contagious disorder has or 


could have prevailed on board at any time from the sailing from England, 
and that she may be safely entered. 
There are also on board the wife of a passenger and her child. 

J. K. Read, Port Physician. 

Thos. M. Bayly to General Wood. 

I enclose you a complete enrolment of the Light Infantry of Accomac, 
which, by resolution of the Board last winter, you directed should be 
completely armed when it shall appear the company is complete. Please 
have the swords of the non-commissioned oflBcers sent with the guns, 
which I wish immediately to be sent to Norfolk, and from there they 
can be very soon sent to Accomac under very little expense. 

I am, &c. 


April 6, 

April 8, 

Cradoch Wisdom to the Governor. 
Resigning the office of First Inspector of Tobacco at Deane's Ware- April 12, 


Recommendation signed by sundry citizens of Robert Smith as third 
assistant Inspector at Deane's Warehouse. 

vpni rz 

Stevens Thompson Mason to the Governor. 

I enclose you a return of the strength of my Brigade for the last year, April 18 
as perfect as the circumstances will at present admit. I have directed 
the Brigade Inspector to make out and report to you the returns required 
by your circular letter. Intending in a day or two to leave the State in 
pursuit of health, and expecting to be absent for some months, I must 
request that any communications from the Executive on the subject of 
the Militia of this Brigade may be directed to Col. Albert Russell, the 
next officer in command. 

I enclose the receipt of Mr. Smith (at present a member of the Senate 
of the United States) for the note of Ira Allen, given to your predecessor, 
and which he informs me he has put in a train of recovery. 

I am, &c. 

Martin Mims, Keeper of the Penitentiary, to the Governor. 

I have the misfortune (which under existing circumstances is the more April 20, 
severely felt) to announce to your Excellency the escape of three of the Penitentiary 


1803 convicte from the Penitentiary on the night of Saturday, the 16th inst 

April 20, r^Yie manner in which it was effected was as follows: 

Joseph Caldwell, confined in one of the rooms by himself, had con 
trived by means unknown, to destroy that power of the lock which 
prevents the bolt from being forced back without the key, while the loci 
appears to remain perfect; with an old knife he forced the bolt back. 

The other two, viz: Peter Keegan and Robert Pieraon, both ironed as 
a punishment for former detected attempts to escape, being confined ii 
the same room, had contrived to secrete a nailers hammer, a gimlet auc 
a pair of shoemaker^s nippers, some nails, &c., with which they contrivec 
to get off their irons, force off the exterior iron plate of the lock, bore 
the wood, so as to get to the interior and spring back the bolt 

The three having thus got into the interior yard, they got oakum, o 
which they made ropes, and with some shoe thread they bound togethei 
some of the planks which had been in the bottom of their bunks and 
made of them a kind of ladder, by which they got upon the roof of th( 
house, from whence by means of their sheets (which they had split 
knotted together, and fastened to one of the chimneys), they let themselves 
down on the outside of the house. 

This event w4ll probably add weight to the imputations of carelessnesi 
on the part of the Keeper. 

I am not, however, conscious of having omitted any exertion in my 
power to prevent it. I have for some time past been impressed with the 
necessity of additional assistance, but from motives of public economy, 1 
have heretofore declined asking it I can no longer in justice to mysel 
decline it, and I must therefore request the approbation of the Executive 
to the appointment of three or four assistants in addition to those alread) 
employed, as I am convinced that the injunctions of the 3t3rd section o 
the act for amending the penal laws of the Commonwealth cannot be 
carried into effect with a smaller number. The portion of the Public 
Guard heretofore stationed at the Penitentiary, has been only sufiicieni 
to keep one sentinal on duty, who is placed at the gate on the outside o: 
the building. If two sentinals could be kept out to patrol the exterioi 
of the house, which could be depended on, it would certainly increase 
the difficulty of escape, but as the Guard employed at the Penitentiary 
is daily changed, and as I have no personal acquaintance with them, il 
cannot be expected that I can place that confidence in them which 1 
ought to have in those to whom the care of the convicts is entrusted. 

I am, &c. 

John Prunty to the Governor. 

April 21 Reporting the sale of a negro man Dick, the property of Geoi^ge Jack- 
son, condemned by the County Court of Harrison to be hung, but 


pardoned by the Executive on condition of transportation out of the U. 1808. 
States, for the sum of one hundred and thirty-four dollars and thirty- ^**"^ ^^ 
four cents. 

John Connkll to the Qovkrnor. 

Acknowledging the receipt of the quota of arms allotted U) the \i\Hi\ April 23 
Reg't, to wit: seventy-one stand. Suggesting that these arms be put into 
the hands of the Light Infantr}' companies to complete their equipment, 
and' asking an order for that disposition of them. 

Wm. Wirt to thb Governor. 

When I accepted the office of judge of the Superior C'ourt of Chancery April 23, 
holden at this place, the salary attached to it wa« equal to my support. y^^^ 

A change in my situation has increased n)y domestic wants, and having 
no auxiliary resources, I now find the salary insufficient to maintain and 
provide for my family. 

I have thought it the interest of the Suitors in this Court, that I should 
retain the office to the end of the present term. It closes on Thursday 
evening, at which time I wish it understood by your Kxcellency and the 
Council of State, that I can be no longer the judge of the Su|>erior (lian- 
cery Court for the District of Williamsburg. You will therefore be 
pleaseil to consider this as my resignation to take effect at that tiujc. 

I resign the ser\ice of Vii^nia with regret. She took me by tlie hand 
a stranger: a^lopted, cherished, trusted and honored me. The gratitude 
which it i^ natural to feel for favors like these, would have retained me 
in her service through life, but for the irresistible voice of domestic duties. 
The liberal spirit of Virginia requires not an unnecessary sacrifice. On 
her ]jart, she will experience no inconvenience l>y my resignation, sin<'« 
she has very many sons now unemployed by her, w1k> can fiU tliis office 
much more to the honor and advantage of this District than I oould. 

I am, &c. 

Be it known to all to whom these presents shall come, that 1, Josiah 

Wilson, Sherifl' of the Cimnty of Surry, in my full county, held at the 

court-house thereof on the 2()th Day of April, in the year of our lx>rd 

ont- thousand eiglit hundred and three, bv electors of mv said countv 

•|ualifi»fd according to l^nw. caused to be chosen two Delt^ates for my 

Haid county — Namely, Nicholas Sebrell, EsqV, and William Allen, Esq'r, 

to represent the same in the General Assembly. 

Given under m}' hand and seal the da}' and year aforesaid. 



1803. Be it known to all to whom these presents shall come, that we, Josiah 

April 26 vVilson, Sh'ff of the County of Surry; Nathan'l Marks, Dept. for Wra. 
Cole, Sh'ff of the County of Prince George; and John Blunt, Dept. of 
VVm. Blunt, She'ff of the county of Isle of Wight, in our full counties, 
held at the court-houses thereof on our respective court days in the 
month of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred 
and Three, By the Electors of our said respective counties, Qualified 
according to Law, caused to be chosen a Senator for the District com- 
posed of the said counties — Namely, John Goodrich, Esq'r, to represent 
the same in General Assembly. 

Given under our hands and seals the day and year aforesaid. 

John Smith to the GovbriStor. 

April 26, Inclosed you have a return of the 16th Brigade of Virginia Militia in 
Fredenck ^.j^^ ^^^ manner which I have been able to obtain it. The situation of 
the 5l8t Reg't (being without a commissioned Field OfiRcer) has ren- 
dered the return from that R^'t incomplete. The last general return 
will, however, report a pretty just estimate of its present strength, and 
the return of the Troop of Cavalry now omitted, shall be sent on in a 
few days. You will find an extra Troop of Cavalry returned as attached 
to the 31st Reg't, commanded by Capt. Bushrod Taylor. I have been 
requested by the commander to apply for arms, and that he would be 
answerable for their safety and forthcoming. Should such indulgence 
be granted in the State, perhaps it would be well to have a troop equipped 
in this part of the Country, as in case of sudden emergency the local 
situation would permit the men to march without hesitation. The Light 
Infantry in some of the Regiments have requested me to mention theii 
situation. In the general distribution of public arms, they are deprived 
of a portion, and are desirous of obtaining them upon any terms the 
Executive may propose. The recommendations for officers in the 51s1 
Reg't have been made and transmitted to the Executive. Your Excel- 
lency will confer a favor on those Gentlemen to order them to be sent on 

I am, &c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

April 27, Informing him of a fire which occurred at the Armory, and ui^ing the 
Va. ManTy necet^sity of providing a Fire Engine and supply of buckets for the use oi 
that building to ensure its safety. 

Recommending also that the Artificers there employed should be pro- 
vided with arms, to aid the militia of Richmond in the suppression oi 



anv insurrection, and the protection of public property on such an occa- 1W)8. 

April 27, 
Va. ManT *y 


Petition of sundry prisoners at the Penitentiary, to the Executive, pray- 
ing to be supplied with chewing T<)l>acco, dated April 30, 1803. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Advisiiing written contracts to be ejitered into witli the Artificers at the April 21^ 
Armory, and suggesting a form for same. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Stating objections to stamping the arms made at Wheeler's manufactory, 
or any other, in a way to have them mistaken for those made at the Rich- 
mond manufactory. 

May 4, 



Hugh Mercer to the Governor. 
Soliciting a supply of arms for his company of Cavalry. 

May 10, 

Robert Page to the Governor. 

Submitting his claim as Attorney to the Executive for his attention to 
the Injunction case of Martin's Ex'ors and Devisees against the Com- 
monwealth, dismissed at the November Term of the Chancery court for 
the Staunton District. 

Enclosing a letter of Governor Monroe, desiring him to appear for the 
Commonwealth at the above-named term of the Court, which he did. 


John Clarke to the Governor. 

Having been informed by Major Sam'l Coleman, that it was desired by 
the Executive I should report to them the state of such contracts as have 
been entered into for the erection of the Manufactory of Arms and of 
the Penitentiary not yet completed, I have to state to you as follows : 

[Col. Clarke's report condensed as follows. — Ed.] 

Manufactory of Arms. — Reuben George, Byrd George, Smith Blakey 
and Jesse Payne contnicted to furnish all lumber for Manufactory of 

May 13 


1803. Arms and for the Machinery thereof. They have complied save for the 
May 13 lumber required for the Foundry, that having been suspended by act 
of Ijegislature. 

On the 28th of August, 1798, John Harvie and Benj'n Haley con- 
tracted to fiimish one million one hundred and twenty-five thousand 
bricks for the Manf 'y of Arms, at forty shillings p'r M. and lime at eight- 
teen pence p'r bushel. On the 10th of October, 180C), the same parties 
contracted to furnish as manv more bricks and lime as would be neces- 
sary to complete the work (made necessary by the bad work of Wise and 
Carney,) the former at 388. p'r M., the latter at 17d. p'r bushel. The con- 
tractors to receive ])artial payment when a kiln of bricks or lime was 
burnt by estimated value, to be finally adjusted by actual count when 
laid in the wall. These materials to be furnished as required. Bricks 
which have been paid for and not yet used, are on hand ready for future 

Moses Bates contracted to remove the earth from the foundations of 
the Man'fact'y of Arms, while the character of the earth was similar to 
that dug at the Penitentiary; but for rock and all more difficult work he 
would be entitled to extra compensatioii. Finding the work more diffi- 
cult, he demanded such further price as the Executive, thought reason- 
able, and he was allowed to cancel his contract, whereupon Dr. Wm. Fou- 
shee undertook the work on cheaper terms. 

The settlement with Ninian Wise and James Carney for masonry done 
by them on the Manufact'y of Arms, has been set forth in a previous 
report; balance due Wise paid to him and suit brought against Carney 
for balance due by him. 

Benj'n Haley and Wm. Giles contracted to lay the bricks in the Man- 
ufactory of Arms, which they have thus far fulfilled until stopped by the 
suspension of the Foundry. 

Wm. McKim, Alexander McKim, Robert Hydie and Daniel Holloway 
contracted to do the carpenters work in the Manufactory of Arms, which 
they have executed until stopped by the suspension of the Foundry. 

The work on the machinery has been pressed forward as fast as seasoned 
timber could be procured, and erected when tlie building was prepared 
for it, and is almost completed ; what remains is for the boring mill sus- 
pended for the present year. 

George Williamson is executing the iron work as it is required. 

Penitentiary. — John Harvie and Geoige Winston contracted on the 
29th March, 1797, to furnish six hundred thousand Bricks and six 
thousand Bushels of lime, the former at 428. per M. and the latter at 18d. 
per bushel, and on the 17th July, 1798, one million five hundred thou- 
sand bricks, common sort, and one hundred and fifty thousand made in 
single mould, the whole at 38s. per M. with lime sufficient, at 17d. per 
bushel, to be paid for as previously stated. On the lOth of September, 


^- ... 


1800, Col. Harvie contracted to furnish all the bricks and lime needed at i803. 
the same prices and terms, which he has done. For further information "**y ^^ 
and details, see my report of the 18th October, 1801. The number of 
bricks on hand are believed to be sufficient to complete the Penitentiary. 

Martin Mims contracted to execute the brick work of the Penitentiary, 
which he has nearly done. 

Reuben George contracted to furnish the lumber for the Penitentiary, 
which he has done when required, and been paid for as delivered. 

Rob't Fox and Anderson Barrett contracted to do the carpenters' work 
of the Penitentiary ; the partnership was early dissolved, and the work 
has been nearly completed by Mr. Barret, who has been paid as the work 

George Williamson and William Geddy contracted on the 11th of May, 
1799, to execute the Smith's work for the building, which is now nearly 

Charles Cox contracted to execute the painting. He has performed the 
greater part and will soon complete it. When the several contracts are 
complete, a state of final settlement between the Commonwealth and 
each Contractor will be exhibited to the Executive. 

I am, &c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

The artificers employed at the Manufactory of Arms are much dis- May 14 
satisfied at not receiving payment for their work. They being strangers 
here, are unable to procure necessaries of life on credit, and they cannot 
dispose of their claims without an enormous discount, and I have rea- 
sons to believe that some persons here have made arrangements to specu- 
late on the workmen, calculating upon the uncertainty of payment from 
the treasur>\ Upward of two months' pay is now due them, and if they 
do not receive some part thereof, I fear some of them will leave the 
works. If possible, I hope the Executive will devise some plan for their 
receiving a month's pay. By a late order of Council, I was*directed to 
have an hundred Rifles made, the calibre to suit balls of a size to run 
fifty-five to the pound. Upon trial, I found they would be very small, 
and sent in for your inspection 55 balls weighing one pound. I have 
also sent a cherry for a mould to run forty balls to the pound, which is 
the size to suit the Rifie in the Council chamber, and is, I think, a very 
good size. 

At the last board of Council, I was asked on what terms I supposed 
the arms now to be distributed to the militia could be marked with the 
words '* Wheeler's Manufactory," and the marks of the name of the 
county and number of the Reg't to which they are to be sent I find on 


mn. enquiry that the marking may be done for 4^d. per musket, but I much 
^'^y '"• ('(far that if the wordH " Wheeled f( Manufartory^^ should be marked on 
IhoHe arniH, yet the people in the country would probably ima^ne they 
\v<fn? niudij in the Virginia Manufactory by a man of the name of Wheeler. 
If Whcjeler's amis are distributed, would it not he well to have a few of 
our make sent with them, which would be the best proof that Wheeler's 
nrniH were not made in our manufactory? 

1 Iwg leave again to call your attention to my letter respecting the 
artilie(»rH of the Armory being furnished with arms and ammunition. 

The liridge at the Manufactory of Arms which was a great convenience 
to the works, is now so much decayed as to be impassable. Mr. Ruther- 
ford, who owns proj)erty near the works, has desired me to infonn you 
that as it would bi» a mutual convenience, he will be at one-half th 
exptMise of erecting a new one. The price at which a new Bridge iiiaj 
Uv built will be alnuit SKK) or $120. 

T am, A'c. 

M*v-3. D.wii) Hunter to the Governor. 


Si>lioiting arms for the (iTth Reg't. 

Wm. Nelson, Jr., to the Governor. 
M*v iW 1 have had the honor of rectnving vour favor of the 23rd, covering ^ 

V\rk . . 

^ iHUiuuission ap|Hnnting me Chancellor of the District of Williamsburg. 

The weight of tlie otiico is such, that I fear I should find myself unequal 
to the sup|Hm v>f it, and a change in my present situation would ^^^ 
materially atVeot the futurt^ |Kirt of my life, that I must take the liberty 
of delilvraiing a few days on the subject. I shall have the pleasure 
slu»rtlv of advlrvsisiiur vou a^rain. 

I am. «.^c- 

Alkxinpkk Qiarrikr to the Gotkrxor. 

XUy :.s As the Kx^vutivt* iVunoil of Vinrinia has intrusted me with tbectr^ 

of the Ar^Miai and all the Militarv siorv:? in the i'itv of Ridiiiioiid. I 
:h:r.k i: :uv du:v :o ::::orui vvv,; ^f tl;o state thev a'r^ in. FiiAtheoW 
artr.< :ha: !*t' in ar^-a! ar^^ all unr.: tor ser^ivv, and it the Council shoalo 
ihit^.k vr>.*:^*r :o :\ivt :ht:r. rv^^^ire^.i ar.-i i-u: in :he bands of theniiBt». 
if «\*4, \:'<\ >:: -.f.i >, : v.: ::-. ait ::-:-i: N^\e<a:vA put awar as iberpis''*' 
v:*^o: : '• % v. : - a^i/aI :•• ni^k the::? :r;. The «<ood fe the 5it- 


uation of the heavy Artillery that lies now on the Capitol Square. The 
third is concerning a quantity of Military stores that lies in the old jail. 
The fourth is five boxes of i)arts of locks and musket mountings, and as 
I have no place of deposit, the Executive will point out what is to be done 
with them. I beg leave to point out to you two large rooms which is now 
vacant in the Capitol, which would answer for a deposit for many of those 
articles above mentioned if lighted. 

I am, &c. 


May 28 

Henrico County, &c. : 

The oaths prescribed by law to be taken by the privy Council have 
been duly administered unto Philip Grymes, Esq'r, this day. 
Given under my hand this the Thirtieth day of May, 1803. 

Dan'l L. Hylton. 


We have duly received the letter your Excellency did us the honor to 
address to us, and the enclosure (copy of an act of the Assembly of Vir- 
ginia to Procrastinate the payment of money but to the Colony of our 
deceased father, Francis Peter de Tubeuf). 

The said act made with the condition that Francis and Alexander dc 
Tubeuf shall give security for the payment of the above debt. Permit 
us to observe that the loan of this money was secured to the Government 
by the mortgage of a part of our property in back country, which u)ort- 
gage is equivalent to four times the value of the amount advanced by 
the Government. If this Guarantee is to stand good till integral pay- 
ment, we naturally suppose that it will be deemed a sufficient securit}'. 


We are, &c. 

Mav HI, 

Wm. Nelson, Jr., to the Governor. 

I find that my accepting the office of Judge of the High Court of 
Chancery for the District of Williamsburg will be att^jnded with consid- 
erable inconvenience. I therefore take the liberty of returning the 
commission to the Executive. This I do with the more readiness, as I 
am conscious that the public will not be injured by my not accepting the 
office. Receive and present to the Board my acknowledgments for the 
honor they have conferred on me by the appointment, and assurances of 

niy highest respect. 

I am, &c. 

June 1, 


Henrico County, to wit: 

1803. The oatha prescribed by I^aw to be taken by the Privy CV)uncil 

have been duly administered unto William Brokenborough, EJsq., this 

Given under my hand this third day of June, 1803. 

Dan'l L. Hylton. 

John Moody, Surveyor of James River, to the Governor. 

June 4, ' Reports his work in removing obstructions to the passage of fish up 
10 men James River. Inclosing an account for expenses of same of $168 62A. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

June 4 Informing him that Anderson Barrett had engaged to furnish the 

requisite material and build the wooden enclosure for the Penitentiary 
building directed by the Executive, at fifty-nine shillings and six pence 
per pannel, the lowest oftbr made for the work. 

June 10, 

John Taylor to the Governor. 

Altho' I sincerely wish that the *api)ointment communicated by yours 
of the sixth instant had fallen ou some other person, yet a respect for its 
source will not admit of hesitation as to its acceptance. My chief con- 
cern is that my acknowledgments must be made rather by an earnestness 
for the public good than any considerable contributions towards it. 

I am, with sentiments of high consideration, 

Your mo. ob't s't. 

* Senator of the United States in place of Stephen Thompson Mason. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

June 11 When I went to New p]ngland in quest of artificers to be employed in 

our Manufactory of Arms, I was direct^jd by the late Governor (C'Olonel 
Monroe), to contract with them for tlie term of three years. As workmen 
are freijuently ofl'cring themselves to me for employment since we have 
got our works into operation, which affords us an opportunity of reducing 
the prices of the work, I think it may perhaps be proper that I should 
be authorized to engage them for shorter periods, or ani/ tenn not exceed- 
intj three ycar^f from the time of tfig^fiing the articletf of agreement^ in which 


case I shall have it more in my power to reduce the prices of the work 1803. 
by engaging the artists for as short terms as the interest of the works 
may require. 

I saw Mr. Anderson Barrett yesterday afternoon and mentioned to him 
the order of the Council for his entering into contract for building the 
wooden inclosure at the Penitentiary. He said that as the work would 
be executed in so short a time he should decline entering into contract 
for it, but that he would go on with it as fa^t as he could. I have there- 
fore entered into no written contract with him ; he sui)poses it may be 
done in a month from this time. 

Please, if possible, to let the pay-roll, &c., of the Armory be passed 
to-day early enough for the money to be drawn to-day, as I wish to avoid 
any cause of complaint or dissatisfaction of the artificers. 

I am, &c. 

H. Dearborn, Secretary of War, to the Governor. 

I have been honored with your Excellency's letter of the 7th instant June 13, 
on the subject of the claim of the State of Virginia against the United Departaaent 
States for militia services in guarding the military stores of the United 
States against the negroes of Virginia in the late insurrection, in answer 
to which I have to inform your Excellency that in March last a statement 
of the claim as adjusted by the Accountant of this Department was deliv- 
ered to the Hon. Wilson C. Nicholas, with the original papers, which he 
proposed laying before your Excellency, with a view that such measures 
should be adopted as might be thought most expedient relative thereto, 
and more esi>ecially what related to the mode of paying and receiving 
the sum due to Virginia or to individual citizens thereof. 

Mr. Nicholas is fully Dossessed of all circumstances relative to the sub- 
ject, and will, 1 presume, communicate the same, together with the papers, 
to your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 

Mann Page to the Governor. 

Your letter enclosing a commission for me as Chancellor of the Wil- June 14 
liam.sburg District has been delivered to me b}' the Express. The con- 
sciousness of my inability to discharge the Duties of that office notwith- 
standing the exertion of every faculty I f)ossess, afflicts me severely. 
The peculiar situation of the District, the advice of my Friends in Yourk, 
and the Respect I owe to the Executive of Virginia, have induced me 

to sacrifice my feelings by accepting the commission. I will, therefore, 





J''»»y Mr>*>DT r»> THE *hf 

vjr<jc one 

jf -iiTLirr? 


i*in« 2^, Af>kin0 innfraedoii a« to di^pasnon *)f 
mnmeuuyi for hie Beeiment. 

E plan fi>r inscnsctzng 


.frtnf' ^, The annivenmry of iiuiep^ndence is again appTOEchfng, and is an 
Kif hffKma ^p^^^^^ which every g^enuioe Am^ican cannot but hail with the meet per- 
fe<;t satisfaction. In order more e&etoEllv to demonatiate the Joy which 
the Company of Artillery of thin dtj &el on this occasion, as wdl as to 
manifest their respect for the principles which that independ^ice has 
enabled u« to estahliifh in the choice of oar sy;<tem of Government, it 
hecorrif^ a duty which I owe to the ref|uest of that company made to 
mo by the Captain, to trouble your Excellency with the usual annual 
n|»f»li(ati<^m for the nereasary 'juantity of Powder to |>erfonn the fireings 
f!Xpr«?iHive of the same. 

f have, therefore, resfiectfully to rer^uest of the Executive that as this 
Hpplir'Htion has for many yearH past been made with success, it may also 
on tbr! present occasion be deemed reasonable. 

I am, (Sac, 

Wm. Martin to the Governor. 

JiltiH *it\ Holioiiing Hrms tor his (*umpany. who have uearly procured their uui- 

«:ALE!IIIAR of state PAPBltft. '*i 

♦ V>nit ' •! Brooke o^oiipr u.t its seHmMi J one u7, ! "^"^i. vu . 
Win. ^tttQehAna a^ Mjftor .lau Bau J'»> Kestu 

'•^ro- Frpsflwater. Litrot. 
r^iciukrd Fowier. fTrbagn 

B^'jOZ, kVi throw, ' apGBun rrf»»M »»i « avairr. 

BiJD«t .i;iaiisoii^ First Liisat. 

Rnnrim StHe«'. Swtina ... 

^^ m. Mct/tianeiL ■ ♦•met 

"^amuei ■ Iiiniwre. LicUL '.-r i^ttaiioii. .'»•*> ;iet:t. 

F. ^XB A- TCBETF ro "HE <^>VEKNvK. 

^'-r Tere iiiiQorea -rnh -oar Fxceiirficv - au^wer to vur filter 'i Usi ;^*^. ;^S 

^^«!nmy rptiuesttd *ji i&. In riii< rMleimaa, Liiiuraui ♦•i .viufct '^juiid l»t^ 
ii^Trtif*!*' o -nar rtjccetlencr mii « iiunuiL We rake tht I.ibtjrty ru vkik ot 
Mr. ^axnts • 'jinbeiL ■£ T'etersounr. who i^ j^m^iiy vtrii jio-^UiUiiUru 
^^rh >iir oituacioQ; 'he Fa.ror 'o :id*rtHrtaiii viiat uui*! bts tiit: iHsuioud "t 
*ii^r 'rtate. uireeinE *.> ratiiV vtialet'er "he ti-H»ve ^TeiukMimu -vilt 'io for a& 
in 'h:ii Bodinetrsf. 

'AV lire. Jce. 

RirnARD Ada*? r»v tHK ^twvbkxjr. 

.toe^^nie '.j ronr ?ettiie»c ij ^eoer'ii rhe I>th 'iay •t May, L iiavc ^ot 'jui> 
litasement ii *iii- irm* in ^he I*.>th Rcsdmeot. Th*r AiljutaiK !\iturii:> 
three himdPRfi rind ^irty-rizht !nci^uin^ the .Vrrillery Coui^Atuiy . in ihx: 
handi* .>f «he men. prpf^imed *o bt? in ;^j«jd <Ktier: the yuartenuaeter 
returns ditv-*>ne miit rbr -jerviire. The 3V]uent <::htuige> in the odkvrsi 
•»f the Itkh Resdmi^r tnr *iie lakrt ^»iar. and the man v niuiovals «X the 
nien, some <!arTyinc -iifflr nm»ket2f with them; have •Kca^ooed ^vufuijiou 
and I fear Iiif». Thrwe xrzn» in rfae pt)«i*is«on ^n the t^arienua^er are 
growing wor?e cbr lying: Er ynar Esi!«Uency will pieaije iJinjct how they 
raay be repan^L I will pay hnme^iiaoe attendoo u> tbetn. Some »>! the 
companies are entcreiy wirfai>iit annif. bat I would aot «hraw roc any ujiul 
authorized by y«Mi. fe^^Tritr .^jue tt> keep the twv> •>Mi>(^ameft ou du^v tWly 
anned. \l1?hinar t«> hsiT* ^n *nk?wer mjm VkKi as stnm Jbis cvmvenieiiU 

I am. Ac. 

July r, 


Fkancis Prbston to the GoVEaNOR. 

i^olicitinj! arms for Captain Smith's company of Cavalry, attached to 
the 70th Kc^inient. thorouglily equipped in all other respectH for imme- 
diate service. 

MoRDECAi Booth to the Goverhok. 

July 9, Solicits arms for the C'avalrv Company called the Brunswick Republi- 
"Srif '■«» Troo|, of Blues. ' 

Sussex County, to wit: 

Nine justices heing present, the Court proceeded to recommend to the 
Executive tit persons to Iw commissioned as officers to fill up vacancies 
in the Militia of this county, to wit: 

John Holt as Lieutenant, in the room of Joseph Wrcnn, who has 

John Myrick as Lieutenant, in the room of Joseph Williamson, who 
refuses to qualify. 

John Judkins as Ensign, in the room of BurHell Gilliam, who refuses 
to qualify. 

Edwin Adams as Ensign, in the room of Absalom Flowers. 

The Court recommended Thomas E. Kives, the present Sheriff of this 
county, to the Executive to l>e commissioned as Sheriff, to continue in 
office for the term of two years from the time of his first qualilioation. 

A copy — Teste: 

J. C. Bailkv, Clerk. 

Wm. Johns to the Govbrwob. 

July 25, Yours of the 22nd of January, 1803. J received the first day of June, 
Morganlown j^^ gn^^j.^ to mine of the 8th of December, 1802, respecting the |)ublic 
arms that lay squandered in our county. I have collected about thirty, 
and agreeable to your request have had them examined by a workman 
as to the probable expense of repairing them, and he is of opinion this 
cannot be done for less than six dollars to make them equal to any other 
new muskets, taking the whole together, as there is several new locks 
wanting, stocks, bands, and there is no ramrods at all. If the Executive 
thinks them worth repairing, I would attend in getting them done, as 
there is a young man now in Morgantown who is a very good workman, 
liaa worked about two years in the factory in Pennsylvania. 

I am, &c. 



RecommeDding the renting out of the Plantation on the Public lAndf: IWSl. 

near New Canton for a term of from three to five years. Biic^iiirfwin 


Jajies Moxroe to the Goverjjor. 

I hope that my friends in Virginia have given roe the proof which I Ai^nist 15 
have so often ex}»erienced from t]>em of indulgence for ^ling to write 
them as I wished to have done fdncte I left Richmond. The troth is, 1 
have been engaged in a course of laliorioiis duty, not in the best health 
at times, and further restrained hv the fear that mv communications 
might be interru}»ted on the way. At pre?*ent I have only to reanind 
you and my oUier fnend^ that I have not, and shall not. foi^ them, and 
also to transmit vou a receipt fr«L»m the Artist Houdon. at Paris, for the 
amount of his claim of a balanoe due him on account of the Statue of 
the late Genl Washington which I paid him. You will recollect or 
rather several of our estimable friends in the CouncO will, that it was * 

decided that the Artist should not loose by the d^redation of the palter 
in which the yiayment was made him; that the payment of the balanoe 
claimed was onlv delaved to have been corroody ascertained fov Mr. JefRer- 

(fn my arrival in Paris, this poor man applied to me for jxistioc, and I 
tliought it best to pay him. It did not suit the character oi the State <^ 
the transaction, that a just claim should be delayed on the acci>Qnt of 
that Statue. I had the account examined and settled by Mr. Skipwith, 
who has, I am persuaded^ dc«ie amf^e justice to the (larties. If what I 
have done is approved <^, I have to request that you will be pleased to 
pay the amount to my friend, Mr. Tyler, of the Council, who will apply 
it as I shall desire in a letter I shall write to him in a dav or two br N. 
York. I beg you to present my most friendly regards to the gentleanen 
of the Council, as also to Major Coleman and Mr. Hylton. I should im> 
pose too great a burden on you in requesting the like attention to my 
other friends in Richmond and elsewhere, to many of whom, I ho(^ ti(.> he 
able occasionally to write. 

I am, &C. 

The undersigned. Commercial agent of the United Stales at Paris, 
having by desire of James Monroe, Envoy Extraordinaiy, d:c to the 
French Republic, examined Uie several papers exhibited by Mr. Houdon 
in support of his claim against the State of Virginia for the lo^ by 
depreciation on the sum of nine thousand Livres paid him in assignate 
by the late Bankers of the United States, Messrs. Grande ^ Co., on the 


Aagast 12 


29th of November, 1792, on accx)unt of the Statue of Greneral Washing- 
ton, made by him for the State of Virginia, does hereby certify that by 
the scale of depreciation established by law in this country, it appears 
that on the aforesaid 29th of Novem'r, 1792, the sum of nine thousand 
J^vres in assignats was worth six thousand two hundred I^vres specie, 
and that therefore that the said Houdon did sustain a loss thereon of 
Two thousand eight hundred I^vres. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name and affixed my 
seal of office to this duplicate certificate this lOth day of June, 1803, at 


[Seal.] FuLWAR Skipwith. 

[The receipt of M. Houdon in French, through Mr. James Monroe, at 
Paris on the 16th of June, 1803, of Two Thousand eight hundred I^evres 
in full of balance found due him by Fulwar Skipwith for the execution 
of the Statue of General Washington, is on file. — Ed.] 

August 17 

Benjamin Parke to the Governor. 

Informing him of having established Quarantine at Fredericksburg 
against New York city on account of a contagious fever there, and asking 
the sanction of the Governor thereto. 

AuguBt 19, 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

From the best authority, we have accounts that the fever rages at New 
York to so great a degree that it has become necessary to have vessels 
examined that arrive from thence, but I think that there is no necessity 
of performing a full quarantine. An examining physician will only be 
wanting with discretionary powers in the Superintendent of quarantine 
to direct the number of days a vessel is to lie before she is admitted, and 
in case of real sickness they must perform a quarantine sufficiently long 
to eradicate the disease. A Proclamation would answer best, as the 
disease rages all over the Islands in the West Indies, Bahamas, <&c., and 
as much danger is to be apprehended from Europe in vessels with a 
number of passengers as from any place, having been applied to by a 
number of respectable citizens to examine vessels which can only be par- 
tially done without a Proclamation, I have considered it proper to lay 
the case before you that no time may be lost in so important a matter. 
The officer commanding Fort Nelson has offered his boats, and the Phy- 
sician of the Fort would examine and report, I expect, for $30 a month 
if the Law would allow him to be employed. Your speedy answer will 
oblige me much, as the people are uneasy on the subject 



The Mayor being out of the Town, a meetmg could not be had to i803. 
instruct the Superintendent on the occasion. ^N^Nk^' 

I am, &c. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Forwarding the following proj)Osal8 for putting on a slate roof on the August 20 
Public Warehouse at Richmond, viz: 

John Boston, of New York, offers to do it (the State to furnish mate- 
rials and assistants) for three dollars per square. 

John Gowans, of Petersburg, offers to do it (he to furnish the lime) 
for four dollars per square; or the State furnishing all materials, for 
eighteen shillings per 8(iuare. 

James Goodwin, of the city of Richmond (the State finding slate and 
nails only), at twenty shillings per square. 

The Bridge over the Canal near the Armory is rebuilt. Mr. Ruther- 
ford has paid for it. It may be proper that the sum lately advised by 
the Executive to be applied to that purpose should be paid to Mr. 

I am, &c. 

Sanmel Coleman forwards the Governor's Proclamation to all Superin- 
tendents of Quarantine to establish (quarantine against vessels coming 
from New York, the West India Islands, all affected with any malignant 
infectious disease, not exceeding twenty days. 

August 23 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Informing him of arrival of schooner Republican, from New York 
bound to Richmond, drove on shore in Nansemond river. Captain and 
mate lioth sick. Vessel quarantineil. Suffering of crews (juarantined 
not allowed to go (m shore. Suggesting the purchase of a sandy jwint 
on the west side of Tanner's creek as a fit place for erecting cabins for a 
temporary Hospital, on which the State might subsequently erect a per- 
manent Hospital. 

The schooner Charlotte, Capt. Butler, from New York, with 22 men, 
women and children on board, quarantined, and suffering much on 
account of it. Ex|)ense of a sufficient guard to enforce strict quarantine 
would cost more in one year than Hospital building. 

Sept. 9, 




neport of veseelfl 

1 amriDg at >ortol 

k t 

rom w 

. inc 

mAy M. lOfK, and 


Medeterenean, {subject t 

to quarantine regnlatioiis: 

Schooner Polly, - 


Capt Lawrence, No. 


^ 4, 


Ship Dart, - 



Peck, . 





"" Thofna8, - 








Br. Drlando, 



CoUet, - 





Schoo'r Flora, - 



Clarke; - 




Da Quarantine. 

Sloop Dianna, - 



Jjcwis, - 





Sc, Gen. Waltusty, 



Jones, - 





Hch. Wm. Henry, 



Bouish, - 





Sch. Betey and Fanny, 


Gibeon, - 





Schon. Dolphin, 








SI. Sally, . 



Duffie, - 

• • 




Schon V Charlotte, 



Butler, - 




Do. Quarantine. 

Br. Hucas, 



Clarke, - 





Br. S. W., . 



Steed, - 






K. Read, J 

Poit Physician. 

8th Sep., 1803. 

Alex. Henderson to the Governor. 

Kept. 13, 

Enclosing proceedings of a Town Meeting, with Resolutions urging 
the appointmcjnt of Capt. George Williams as Sujierintendent of Quar- 
antine at Dumfries and New Port, on account of the Malignant Fever 
prevailing at Alexandria. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Sept. 19, 

I believe it has become necessary to stop all vessels arriving from dis- 
tant ports. Philadelphia, I have heard, has broke out with the fever to 
an alarming degree. With your approbation it shall be done, without 
delaying vessels where there is no necessity. Baltimore — I have not as 
yet heard of any fever prevailing there, but believe it will be proper to 
examine from all ports. The return of last week is enclosed. We are 
healthy yet; very few persons are sick, and fewer attacks of the violent 
bilious fever than I ever knew at this season. 

1 have heard it was sickly at the Mountains. As you have just 
returned, I shall be glad to hear how my friend Mr. Jefferson is. My 
best wishes attend you and all friends. 

Your, &c. 


Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Inclosed is a deposition given before me this day. By it you will see 1803. 

Scot *^1 
British officers are here to enlist men. It is said three men were carried Norfolk 

on board the privateer, one of whom made his escai)e. The privateer, 

as I have heard, has purchased provisions and necessaries to fit out. 

Whether it is allowable you best know, but I think it not right to permit 

any power at war to recruit in a neutral country. 

Inclosed is a letter from an imprest man, who seems to give a particu- 
lar account of tlie place of his nativity. There is a place called Castle 
I.*<land near Ocracock, from which the Governor of North Carolina could 
get information whether his father and mother lived there. You will 
plea{?e to say what Justices are to do in such cases, as I believe there has 
been no instructions given to civil officers since the commencement of 
the war. 

We continue well yet. Very few are sick, as I am informed. 

If the President should not have returned to Washington, I think the 
deposition had better be sent to him to Monticello. 

I an", (fee. 


The deposition of Benj. White deposeth and saith: That on the 19th 
of September, 1808, came to his house whilst his boarders were at sup- 
per, three men, one of whom was a Mr. Grattan, who was in the American 
Navv as an officer; the other two were British officers — one he was told 
was a Lieutenant, the other a purser. Mr. Grattan came into the room 
at the front door, where the men were at supper, and one officer with 
hini, and the other officer came in through the shop in a passion, and 
asked if I had any men to ship; while Mr. Grattan and the other officer 
took Charles Jansen. a Dane (who had a pass from the Danish Vice- 
Consul,. F. S. Taylor), out of the door and endeavored to persuade him 
to ship, as now was the time for him to make his fortune, which he 
refused to do, and they called him out a second time; when he still 
refused, the British officer drew a cane sword and threatened to put it 
through him if he would not go. The said Jansen abuse<l Mr. Grattan 
for attempting to ship men to go on board a British man-of-war, but did 
not abuse the British officer. 

Signed, Benj'n White. 

Norfolk Borough, Sept. 2l8t, 1803. 

Ben White made oath to the above deposition before me. 

Thos. Newton, Recorder. 


1803. At a Court of Directors of the Lunatic Hospital in Williamsburg, held 

September ^jj^ 27th day of September, 1803: 

Ordered, That the Treasurer of the Hospital apply to the Auditor of 
Public Accounts for a warrant on the Treasurer of the State for two 
thousand dollars. 

A copy — Teste: 

Will. Russell, C. C. 

Pktersbuw; District, Sept4^mbcr (hurt, 180S. 

A letter from the Mayor of Petersburg addressed to the Judges of the 
District Court, now sitting, was received by them, which being considered, 
it is ordered that the said letter be certified to the Executive, in order 
that the same may be laid before the next General Assembly, and is in 
the following words: 


Agreeably to the propositions made by the Common Hall to the 
General Assembly, we take the liberty to inform you that the Court- 
House of the town has been improved for the use of the District Court, 
and that the Common Hall are ready and willing to make such other 
improvements as may appear to you necessary and proper. The Clerk 
of the District Court now keeps his office in the Court-House, to whom 
we beg leave to refer you for any further information on the subject. 

We have also to inform you that agreeably to an act of the last session 
of the General Assembly, to which we beg leave to refer you, the Com- 
missioners appointed by the Executive for that purpose have contracted 
for the building of a jail for the use of the town and district, which jail 
is to be completed by the first of July next. A doubt having existed in 
the minds of the Judges, Parker and Stewart, who were here at the last 
circuit, whether, under the present existing laws on the subject, they were 
authorized io adjourn the District Court to tlie town Court-House, we take 
the liberty to submit the question to your consideration, in order that if 
you should be of the same opinion, measures may be taken to obtain the 
sense of the 1 legislature. 

On behalf of the Common Hall. 

I am, tfec. 

Robt. Birohett. 
Teste: Walter Crutchfield, Clerk. 

Ot. 1 A list of persons who have been permitted by the Richmond District 

Court to (jualify as citiztMis of Virginia since the first day of October, 


Names. Occupation. Country from whence came. 1803.' 

Patrick McMara, Merchant, Ireland. ^^^- ^ 

James Noble, Merchant's clerk, Great Britain. 

John Murphey, Carpenter, Ireland. 

The Treasurer being enjoined to close the accounts of his office on the 
thirtieth of gept'r annually, we, the underwritten, a committee of the 
Executive for that purjx)se appointed at the request of the Treasurer, 
repaired to the Treasury on the morning of the first of October in order 
to ascertain the amount of money, Tobacco, and other facilities actually 
in the Treasury received on public; ac(?ount and constituting the Balance 
due therefrom on the 30th of September, 1803; and having examined 
and carefully counted and weighed the money, we find it to amount to 
one hundred and sixty-one thousand six hundred and forty-one dollars 
and seventy-nine cents. 

We find also Tobacco notes now in the Treasury, received also on pub- 
lic account, for 13,863 pounds of crop, and 760 pounds of Nett Transfer 
tobacco, amounting, agreeably to the rates at which it was received by 
law. to six hundred and eighty-three dollars and ninety-three cents. 

Al. McRae, 

w. foushee, 

Wm. Brokenbrough. 
Treasury, October 3rd, 1803. 

J. A. Chevallib to the Governor. 

As agent for the Representatives of the late Baron de Beaumarchais, I Oct. 8, 
have obtained, in the month of May last, a Decree from the Court of Richmond 
Appeal against the State of Virginia for £ll,372.158.2d. 

The Auditor of Public Accounts has expressed his Readiness to 
Deliver warrant for the Jijinount of the Decree, but money unappro- 
priated being at the Treasury, I have Drawn only a small sum, which I 
have negotiated at a Discount. 

I solicit of your Excellency to announce to the Legislature in your 
communication at the next meeting, that such a Decree exists; that a 
fund will be necessary for the Payment, and that interests ought to be 
Granted from the Day of the decree until paid. 

Your knowledge of the Eminent service of Mr. Beaumarchais to this 
Country will make you commiserate for the suffering of his Representa- 
tives, who are unable to discharge his debt and support their families if 
kept much Longer out of their money. 

I am, &c. 


John Shee to the Governor. 

1803. I have your favour of the 8rd instant, and annex John Miles' receipt 

Phiiac^'l- ^^^ ^^^® check it c<>ntaine<l; have j^iven him also the two enclosures, and 

phia shall also furnish him with an extract of your letter, which I have 
shewn to him ; it cannot fail of pleasing. Believe me ray predeliction 
for your State is, if possible, increased by the considerate and liberal 
conduct to which I have been a witness — the immediate relief afforded 
by your Executive in the only part of the contract that bore hard on 
McCormick, their voluntarily shortening the time of ])ayment8, the 
punctuality with which remittances have been made, the readiness with 
which they have bestowed commendations on the [)erformance8 of men 
they have employed, added to the generosity exjierienced by myself, fill 
me with esteem and gratitude. 

May I hope from you, my friend, to be presented with all due respect 
and to add my wishes for their individual happiness as well as for the 
everlasting prosperity of the State. You will sciircely believe that how- 
ever anxiously I have looked for my Nancy, that now the peri^nl is 
approaching when she is to leave my Virginia friends, that I feel some- 
how sorrowful; it seems to look like the severing of that chain that I 
hoped would ever bind us in friendship together. 

I long to hear of the arrival of the Caroline, who carried the last arms, 
that I mav felicitate mvself on the safetv of all our shipments and the 
saving to your State of a considerable sum by not insuring, as was once 
contemplated. To your lady, yourself and family we all send love. I 
wait to hear from our friend Clarke ere I acknowledge his last favor or 
send forward Duane's receipt and account. 

I am, (&c. 

William John to the Governor. 

Oct. 11 Your letter of the 2r)th of .July, respecting the arms in Monongalia 

Morgantown County belonging to the i)ublic, requesting me to inform you if the arms 
could be sold to any advantage to the public in the stiite they are now, 
I have been at the trouble again to examine them, and I l>elieve as they 
are at this time they could not be sold for one dollar a stand taking the 
whole together, for there is not more than one fourth fit for any use. and 
I think could not be fired at all, and if the Stiite thinks they are not 
worth repairing they are better sold than lost at any price. 

I am, &c. 


his& Low^BS, MiCAJAU Davis, Tnos. Ladd. and Tik>s^ ELLiurr, 


We the iiniiers^nefi Eiispeetors •>! the Penitentiary. ;ip^>rehtinil our isJOJ. 
tmore :*errT«^ \TTil be of but little or ii«» further ll^e u» tiie public uii«ler t^^j^ijj 
present »*^Htinif drcuiiijstaiu'c^. We ou theretore ije^ leave tu teiiiier to 
tfae«rt)verniir :uiil roimt-ii our rpyitai:iti«»ns. triis^tini!. rliey will i4o:tfi>l the 


[Xote. — A* t -eptee L J 

Willixuii Wliitakeriu the nnnn of Li>wnes: — < havallier in the rtKim of 
Davis: <ret». Thicker in the nnmi «if Thos. l..a&i<l: T'oi. .lohn HarNie in tlie 
nji»m of Tho!*. Ellinit, 

.r«»HN <'l.\HKE to the <tOVKR><)K. 

A2reeai*>ly to your ret^aest, I have to ^tute tiiAC twenty-one hani]re%l Oct. V^ 
and fiftv-i">ne tnQj*ket» bav*^ l^een tiniijhed in the .ManiUiicturv ot Arms^ 
since it was* put into operation, of wbii!h number one thout>aiiti and si.\ 
were 2«ent to the < 'apit4>L one uius^ket tient i pui^^^ttant tJi> a res>olutiun oi 
the Lan^^larun^) d» the ^^niT^taLry of War, one hundred and thirty-eight 
i?ent to the <'oanty of Berkeley <!t>nlijnnably Co an order of the Kxecutive, 
and one thocwand ami :*ix now at tHe MantiJ^tory of Ann^v 

I am. ±c. 


It havins: been --iuirjretitetl by :?4>me ot* the members of the WuucU when v,vt 14, 
last a.**:*enibled. that it misrht taeilitate the bib^ine^ v>f dfc<tributin^ the *^'"'"^**^ 
arms if I were to re{»ort on that subject. I thereR>ie beg leave tocvuniuu- 
nicate to vou for the information i>f Council what tV^Uowi? : 

Under the law pAs^$ed at the :«e;?j<ion of 1799, "Coneeminjj the Mihtia 
of this (V>mmonwe:dth.'' 9,214 stands of anns have l»een a|>|K>rtiotHH) and 
stanjped as the law directi*, to lie tlistribute^i among all the Kegiutents K\i 
Militia according to their strength re8j>ectively. 2,iKH> have bt^en ap[H>r- 
tioned and stam{>ed for certain towns, aix^ording to an act of Ass^embly 
)>articularly directing the same. Genendly the above arms have betni 

Of 1,000 stands made by Wheeler. 72 stands have been issueil to thi' 
said Regiment in Accomack. The remainder, to wit: 928 stands, are in 
the Arsenal, stamped for distribution acconling to the inclo8e<l statement. 


The * 4,000 etands originally contracted to be fumished by McComiick 
in Philadelphia, are all received, apportioned and stamped according to a 
list also inclosed. Tht^e with the other arms on hand amount to 14,040 
stundtt, making a total of the arm? of tlie State * 25,1^26 stands, two-thirds 
of which ought to be distributed under the act "Concerning the Militia 
of this Commonwealth." 

In pursuance of a letter addresseil to the Brigadier Generals by the 
Governor for that purpose, returns have been obtained of the Troops of 
Cavalry, Coniftanies of Artillery, Grenadiers. Light Infantry, and Rifle- 
men, as follows: 

Of the First Brignde. 

5 Troops of Cavalry, total strength, 203 

2 Companies of Artillery, 148 

7 Do. '■ Light lufanlry, 382 

2 Do. " Riflemen, 160 

Of the Second Brigade. 

'A Troops of Cavalry, 119 

2 Companies of Artillery, - - - . - . - - "g 

2 Companies of Grenadiers. 27 

5 Do. of Light Infantry, r - 224 

Of thf Fifth Brigodt. 

3 Troops of Cavalry, total strength, 183 

8 Companies of Light Infantry, 533 

Of thf Seventh BHgade. 

2 Troops of Cavalry, 132 

2 Companies of Light Infantry, 145 

5 Do. of Riflemen, 350 

Of the Tenth Brigade. 

3 Troops of Cavalry, 118 

2 Companies of Artillery, 142 

1 Do. of Grenadiers, 75 

4 Do. of Light Infantry, 241 

4 Do. of Riflemen, 2t>5 

Of the Thirteenth Brigade. 

1 Troop of Cavalry, 57 

6,600 of ttiefiO are old and want repairs. We have also 600 Pistols and 600 
rords for Cavalry. 


Of the Fourteenth Brigade, 

1 Troop of Cavalry, 65 1803. 

Oct. 14, 

OJ the Sixteenth Brigade, 

4 Troops of Cavalry, 240 

2 Companies of Artillery, 123 

7 Do. of Light Infantry, 523 

1 Do. of Riflemen, 76 

OJ the lOSrd Regiment^ Brooke. 

1 Company of Light Infantry, 55 

Applications are made by Gen'l John Smith to arm the volunteers of 
his Brigade generally. 

By Thos. Bailey, to arm the Cavalry on the Eastern Shore. 

By Col. Francis Preston, to arm the Troop of Cavalry raised in the 
70th Regiment. 

By Capt. Mordecai Booth, to arm his Troop of Cavalry in Brunswick. 

By Capt. Richard C. Claiborne, to arm his Troop of Cavalry in Din- 

By Capt. Wm. Martin, to arm his Troop in Harrison. 

By Capt. Hugh Mercer, to arm his Troop in Fredericksburg. 

By Col. John Minor, to arm Capt. Robert Lewis' Company of Artillery 
in Caroline. 

By Capt. Bathurst Jones, to arm his Company of Artillery in Han- 
over, &c. 

I am, <tc. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Informing him that the last General Assembly failed to made appro- Q^t. 15 
priations for finishing the work on the Manufactory of Arms, the Pub- 
lic Warehouse or the Penitentiary, and seeking the aid of the Executive 
to prevent the stopi)age of these works. 

John Shee to Samuel Coleman. 

Your favor of the 11th instant I received in course. The Draft it con- Oct. 23 
tained for one thousand two hundred and twenty-eight dollars and seventy ^*j|l^*^®'' 
cents, being the amount of my claim on your State for various services, 
is accepted and no doubt will be duly paid. My best acknowledgments 



1803. are clue to your Executive for their kind expression of satisfaction in the 

Phil d^l- ^is^'har^e of the agency connnitted to me. To Governor Page and every 

phia individual of the Council make known my dear sir, my high respect and 


I am, &c. 

Thos. Newton to the Governor. 

Oct. 26, Informing him that tlie danger from contageous disease no hunger 

^^ ^ exists, and asking that vessels with healthy crews he allowed to come in. 
Also complaining tliat there are but five justices to constitute a court in 
Norfolk at this time. 

Proclamation of the Governor. 

Whereas the malignant fever which unhappily prevailed in the city of 
New York and other j)arts of the United States has subsided, and it 
appearing to be unnecessary further to continue the interrujition of the 
commerce of this Commonwealth with the Islands of the VV^est Indias 
and other foreign ports, I have therefore thought it fit, with the advice of 
the Council of Stati\ to issue tliis proclamation, hereby revoking that 
issue<l on t\ut 22nd of August last injoining the performance of quaran- 

Given under mv hand as Governor, with the seal of the Conmion- 
wealth annexed, at Richmond, this 29th day of October, in the year of 
our Lord 1808, and of the Commonwealth the Twenty-Eighth. 

[Sea!.] John Page. 

John Fingle to the (governor. 

Nov. 5, Enclosed you will lind the transcripts of two Records, which, on in- 

Morgantown sp^^ction, vou will find it was mv dutv to forward. 

I troubled your Excellency some time since with an application for a 
cojiy of tlie Revisefl I^aws and a Seal of office, but have not yet had the 
pleasure of receiving your answer. T find it extremely difficult to dis- 
charge the duties attached to my office without the aid of all the laws 
wliich created those duties. The seat of the Court to which I have the 
honor of being clerk lying so immediately contiguous to the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Ohio that many applications are 
made for authenticated Transcripts of Records, to which the important 
necessity of a seal is too obvious to your Excellency to need any com- 

I am, etc. 



Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

I now enclose the jjjeneral Report of vessels visited by Dr. Read during 
the term the Quarantine lasted, by which it appears he visited 179 ves- 
sels in f>0 days. His attention and asiduity was very satisfactory to nie. 
Many of the vessels he visited every day during the time they lay at the 
quarantine ground, which was below the forts. His attention deserves a 
liberal compensation, which I hope your Excellency and Council will 
make him, as the services were left to you to determine. He will deliver 
this, and can inform the situation the vessels lay in, better than I can 


I am, &c. 

Nov. 10, 

John Haymond to the Governor. 

The Troop of Cavalry in the 11th Regiment of the militia of this 
State, which I have the honor to command, being destitute of arms, I 
earnestly recfuest that your Excellency cause to be forwarded to this 
County such arms and other equipage as the said Troop shall be entitled 
to receive from the Commonwealth. 

I am, (fee. 

Nov. 21, 

James Monroe, American Minister, to the Governor. 

I recollect that while I had the honor to serve the Commonwealth in 
the Executive, it appeared that there were many cases of contestation 
between the State and British subjects, growing out of our revolution and 
treaties with this country for tracts of land and lots lying in several of 
our counties and towns, some of which were of great value. Several of 
those controversies were of long standing and attended with great expense, 
while the result was quite uncertain. It has occurred to me, that it might 
be advantaj;eous to the SUite to compromise these disputes with the par- 
ties, by the purchase of their claims for some reasonable equivalent. It 
Is presumable tliat they would prefer selling them at a very moderate 
price, a half or less of their value to be paid by instalments, which might 
be satisfied out of the land.s alone, to the prosecution of a doubtful con- 
troversy which keeps them so long, even in a case of favorable issue, from 
the^sion of the property. It might also be more satisfactory to the 
State to adjust these controversies by amicable compromise, than by legal 
decision, since the former is a mode that will content every one. If the 
State is disposed to adopt this mode, and thinks proper to repose the 

trust in me, I will accept it with pleasure, and undertake to execute it in 


Nov. 29, 


1803. the best manner in ray power. I shall wish no compensation for the ser- 
London ^^^'^' ^ '"*^ ^^^^^ object will be to render myself useful to my country, and 
England niy highest gratification to succeed in the undertaking. 

There are probably many ca^^es of the kind not known to the Execu- 
tive, or even brought into the Courts, where the property is either vacant 
or held on various pretexts for the benefit of the occupants or absentees. 
In case the subject is entered on, it may be deemed advisable to go 
through with it, and with that view to trace the cases in every county, 
which may be done by the Escheators or other suitable agents. If the 
power is transmitted, it will be proper to accompany it with a statement 
of the title to each tract, the num\>er of acres, its probable value, &c. 
My public duties will probably put it out of my power to execute this 
trust in person in the details. Where necessary I will appoint an agent, 
whose charges shall be as light as I can make them, and in all cases I 
will supervise and be responsible for his conduct. It is possible that by 
this measure, a considerable sum might be raised for the Commonwealth. 
Besides the cases depending in the Courts, which are deserving of atten- 
tion, I remember one from Norfolk, of which information was given by 
Mr. Lee, who represented it to be of great value. In every instance 
where the party had received compensation from this Government, on 
the principle that the property had been confiscated, I should suppose 
that the claim might be extinguished for a mere trifle. It may be 
deemed presumptuous in me to express a wish as to the application of 
the money which may be thus raised, in case the idea is adopted and 
executed with success. The wisdom of the L^islature will, I doubt not, 
destine it to some humane and useful object. Had I a seat in the I..egis- 
lature and a vote on the application, it would be to the purpose of public 
instruction. It is an opinion which I have long entertained, on which 
every day's experience and observation tends to confirm, that however 
free our political institutions may be in the commencement, liberty can 
not long be preserved unless the society in every district, in all its mem- 
bers, possesses that portion of useful knowledge which is necessary to 
qualify them to discharge with credit and effect, those great duties of citi- 
zens on which free Government rests. The responsibility of j)ublic 
servants, how ever well provided for by the Constitution, becomes vain and 
useless if the people in general are not competent judges, in the course o( 
the Administration, of all the questions which it involves. If it was wise, 
manly and patriotic in us to establish a free Government, it is equally 
incumbent on us to attend to the necessary means of its preservation. 
The money thus raised, might form the commencement of a system, 
which under favorable auspices, especially the humane patronage of the 
Legislature, might be matured hereafter and extended throughout the 
Commonwealth. You will excuse the liberty I have taken to make tl»is 
suggestion, and be assured that it will give me great and sincere pleasure 


to have it in my power while I remain abroad to render service to my 
country and my friends in this or any other mode in which they will be 
pleaded to command me. Be so kind as to present my most friendly 
regards to the gentlemen at your Board, and believe me to be, dear sir, 
with great respect and esteem, 

Affectionately yours. <fec. 


Nov. 29, 

I certify that Tarlton W. Pleasants has written up the Journals of the 
House of Delegates for the years 1793 and 179<S, agreeably to a resolution 
of the last Assembly, and that the charge in his account is lower than I 
have given for work of the same kind. 

Given under my hand this 5th day of December, 1803. 

James Pleasants, C. H. D. 

To the Honorable ths Executive. 

MoRDECAi Booth to the Governor. 

Soliciting arms and accoutrements made at the State Armory for the Dec. 6, 
Brunswick Republican Troop of Cavalry, of which he is Captjiin. Richmond 

Abraham B. Venable, Esq., elected United States Senator. 

Dec. 7 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

In obedience to an order of the Council reports as follows : That it is 
im])os8ible to make the inspection of so large a number of arms as are 
stored in the roof of the Capitol, in the confused mass, with so insuffi- 
cient light. Advises that to be repaired, they should be taken by wagon 
loads as needed, to the Annorv. That no work be done to the arms in 
the Arsenal as at present, on account of the danger by theft or fire. 

Dec. 13 

Respecting the use of the Fire Engine bought for the Manufactory of 
Arms if it l>e the pleasure of the Board, that it shall be used for extin- 
guishing fire on private property in the city, suggests that it would be 
unsafe to the public property for the engine ever to be taken further from 
the same than the Market Bridge; that the artificers at the Armory shall 
be formed into two com[)anies, one to act as an armed guard and the 

Dec. 13 


Dec. 13 


other a fire company to manage the Engine exclusively on occasion of 

Advises a further purchase from the stores of the U. S. at Philadelphia 
of about 6/X)0 gun stocks (well seasoned) for supply of Armory. 

Informs the Board that according to their advice he had stamped and 
boxed the following stands of arms: 

For the 113th Reg't, Wood County, - - . - 30 .stands. 

•* '' 114th Do. Hampshire ^^ - - - - 85 Do. 
" '' 30th Do. Caroline -^ . - . . 83 Do. 

All to be taken from those made at the State Manufactorv. 


Dec. 13 Enclosing leases made with Wm. Minton and Wm. Anderson on pub- 

lic land near New Canton for ensuing year. Rent of both £27.10.0. 

Thos. and John Higinbotham to the Governor. 

Dec. 14, Informing him that Francis and Alex'r Tubeuf had gone to Europe. 


Had sent letter for them to James C-ampbell their agent, Petersburg. 

Berryman Green to the Governor. 

Dee. 16, 

Soliciting arms for C'aptain Sanford's Troop of Cavalry of Halifax 

Also for a further supply for a company of the (>l>th RegimeiU omitted 
in the return made by Col. John Douglas, its former conmiandant. 

James G. Laiulev to the (4overnor. 

Dec. 18, 
Wood Co. 

Report of his inspection, under orders from the Board, of the contli- 
tion of a road recently made between the State Road antl Wood Court- 

Work very imperfectly performed; road very dangerous for wagons. 
Asking twenty-five dolhirs for his inspection and report. Miles of roa<i 
worked on sixty-nine; whole distance to Wood Courthouse eighty-one. 


The official Bond of William Price and his securities as one of the 
8u|>erintendents at the [)ublic Tobacco Warehouse in the City of Rich- 
mond, bearing date December the 26th, 1808, is lodged. 

Henrico County, Set. : 

1 do hereby certify that John Heath this day took the oath of a 
Privy Councellor before me, a Justice of the Peace of the County afore- 
said, agreeably to Law. 

Given under my hand this 30th day of December, 1803. 

Joseph Selden. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Dec. 26 

Henrico County, <fec.: 

The oaths prescribed by Law to be taken by the Governor or 1803. 
Chief Magistrate, have been duly administered unto John Page, EsqV. 
Given under mv hand this 20th dav of Dajember, 1S03. 

Daniel Hylton. 

The official Bond of Thomas Underwood, Jn'r, and his securities as i804. 
Superintendent of the Public Tobacco Ware House in the city of Rich- *'*"• ^ 
mond is lodged. 

Unking the procuring of several musket stocks speedily from the mili- jan. 4 
tary stores of the U. S., for the use of bhe State Armory. 

Thomas Nicholson to the Governor. 

Offering to furnish tlie State with one thousand copies of the collection Jan. 5, 
of Acts of the General Assembly contained in the Revised Code, printed Richmond 
by Pleasants and Price, for the sum of three dollars p'r copy. 

Augustine Davis to the Governor. 

Offering to furnish the State with one thousand co]»ies of the collection Jan. 5, 
of Ads of the General Assembly, printed and bound in a similar manner *^ ™^" 
as the edition by Pleasants and Price, for four thousand dollars. 


Meriweather Jones to the Governor. 

18(M. Offering to furnish the State with one thousand copies of the revised 

*°' '^ Code of the same character of workmanship and materials as the Eilition 
of Pleasants & Pace for four dollars per copy. He will furnish an ele- 
gant edition upon fine paper and with new type for five dollars per copy. 

It appears hy copies of pay-rolls in this office (the originals having 
been sent on to the General Government) that John Marcheson was 
allowed pay as Lieutenant of a detachment called into service by the 
Executive for the defence of the Militarv Stores in the Town of New 
Ijondon, belonging to the United States, from 25th May to 13th July, 
1801, and rations from 18th May to 17th July, 1801, and that he was 
arrested on the 13th July and continued under arrest to the 28th Sep- 
tember following. It also appears that Jesse Webb took the place of 
Lieut. Marcheson and received pay and rations to 25th of August, 180L 

S. Shepard. 
AudVs Office, 7th of January, 1804. 

January 0, 1804. — I have this day received the Governor's order on 
the Auditor to issue a Warrant for fifteen hundred dollars on account to 
furnish Gunstocks for the use of the Armorv. 

John Clarke. 

John Baker to Major IIuoh Holmes. 

Jan. 9, Enclosing the certificate of Cyrus Saunders, Escheator of Jefferson 

town ' ^^^^^^'J* ^^ ^^^ service o( John Haker as attorney at sundry times at the 
house of Wm. (iraham, deceased, in a controversy in which the Com- 
monwealth was a party; for which service the said Baker claims a com- 
pensation of hv{i dollars. 

Account of Several Items omitted to be charjjed in my account ren- 
dered to the Executive under the Act entitled an act to provide for the 
opening of a road from the Upper Navigation of James River to the 
Upj»er Navigation of Kanawha Kivrr, viz: 

Paid Jacob (iehart, Blacksmith, for repairiuij tools, etc., - - £ 19.3 
PM Noah Reder. 10 davs' work on State Road, - - - 1.10.0 


I do hereby acknowledge receipt of four hundred Dollars inclosed in i804. 

a letter to me from his Excellency the Governor of the 25th of October 


David Ruffner. 
Richmond, JanV 10th, 1804. 

Thomas H. Wooding to the Governor. 

I am directed by the Committee appointed by the House of Delegates, Jan. 13, 
to enquire whether it is at this time expedient to employ a Superinten- ^^^"™^°^ 
dent and Assistant Superintendent of the building of the Penitentiary. 

And whether it is ex[>edient to employ a Superintendent of the making 
of guns in the Virginia Manufactory, in addition to the officers designated 
by I^w in that Building. To inform the Executive that that Committee 
will meet in the Committee Room of the Senate at 10 o'clock to-morrow, 
when they will be obliged by any information on the subjects of Inquiry, 
which any member of the ('ouncil will be pleased to communicate. 

I am, &c. 

In the House of Delegates, 

January 13, 1804. 

'•Resolved that the Executive be requested to lay before the House of 
Delegates their contract with the undertaker of the machinery of the 
Manufactory of Arms." 

J. Pleasants, Jr., C. H. D. 


In answer to your favor of the 13th instant, I have to inform you that jan. 16 
the Penitentiary Building is not yet entirely completed — that event how- 
ever, it is reasonable to ex4)ect, will shortly happen, and whenever the 
building shall be completed, neither a Superintendent nor Assistant 
.Sui>erintendent will longer be wanted. In answer to your enquiry par- 
ticularly made concerning the officers necessary to the Manufactor}' of 
Arms, I have to inform you that no officer is at this time employed about 
that building who is not expressly recognized by law. 

"The Superintendent of the making of the Guns," and "the Superin- 

^The above letter is without address or signature, bat it is most probably the 
tnswer to that of Thomas H. Wooding, dated January 13th, 1803, and written by 
the Governor. — Ed. 


Jan. 16 


tendent of tlie Manufactory of Arms," is one and the same character — 
either of these designations means one and the same thing. 

The officer employed is ('apt. John CLarke.* The salary given him by 
law is £600, and he has never received one farthing more. Concerning 
the duties and compensation heretofore annexed to the office of Assistant 
Superintendent of the Penitentiary builditig, I beg leave to refer you to 
a letter from Capt. John Clarke, dated 14 January, 1808, this day enclosed 
to the Speaker of the House of Delegates. 

I am, &c. 

Jan. 10, 

W. J. Callis to the Governor. 

Acknowledging receipt of 130 stand of arms and 22 Bayonet scabbards 
for the use of the 40th Regiment. 

Jan. 17, 



Samuel Shepard to the Governor. 

It appears by a hasty sketch from the vouchers (the books not being 

posted to this time) that warrants have issued for making arms from the 

31st of January, 1803, to this day to the amount of Thirty-two thousand 

one hundred and six dollars and 16 cents. Your Excellency will, I hope, 

^excuse this rough sketch from the suddenness of the application. 

I have, tVc. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Jan. 19 W^ have partially commenced the operation of making arms in the 

East wing of the^ manufactory, and in a few days the whole will be put 
in motion, when an additional number of artificers will be required. It 
is known in all the States to the north and Eastward, that we have a 
manufactory of arms at this place, but it is not known there that we are 
now wanting an additional number of workmen; for which reason I think 
it would be prudent to cause an advertisement to be inserted in the 
newspapers of such parts of the United States as would most likely pro- 
duce the workmen we require. 

The armory is constructed for making all the implements of war, and 
when the Foundry for Ordnance shall have been completed, every species 
of arms mav be manufactured therein. 

As our works are now capable of making all kinds of small arms, and 
]>resuming it is meant by the Government that the making of arms for 
the Infantry, Cavalry, and Riflemen should be carried on at the same 


time, so as U> fumifih each corps with its due pn»iK>rtion, I have to 1804. 
request information of the Executive ui»on this subject, which infonua- *"• ^' 
tion is {larticularly necessary at the present time, as I am about to engage 
an additional number of artificers, who should be procured of such occu- 
fiations as will suit the several kinds of arms to be made at the Armory. 
I beg leave to add that in the manufactory of muskets, many scalps 
and barrels are refused^ on account of flaws and other defects, the best 
parts of which would make good pistol barrels, for which reason I think 
the making of muskets and pistols should ^o hand in hand, particularly 
if there is to l>e no difierence l>etwe^i Uie calibre of the muskets and 
that of the jiistols. 

Col. John Beale, who residc^s at or near Crow s Ferry, has lately made 
a pro{K>8ition to furnish for the Manu&ctory of Arms a great number of 
musket stocks of black walnut wood at twentv-five cents each. I am 
inclined to }jelieve he would furnish them at twenty cents, which is the 
price at which Mr. Thomas H. Prosser has agreed to deliver them at. I 
wish to be iiifonned by the honorable the Executive whether they would 
l)e inclined to close with Mr. Beale at twenty cents should he agree to 
furnish a parcel at that price. 

I am, &c. 

Tho. Miller to thb Governor. 

•Soliciting arms ftir the Tnxip of Cavalry raised in Powhatan county. Jan. 19, 


Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Asking the means be provided for paying the salaries of John Tucker Jan. 23, 
and Anderson Still, two assistants employed at the Penitentiary under P^nitentiarj- 
the authority of the Executive on the 2nd of May, 18<)3. 

John Cl.arke to the Governor. 

1 have received your letter of yesterday requesting me to furnish an Jan. 24, 
Miniate of the expenses of making arms during the present year, and l"ch™ona 
also an estimate of the sums requisite to complete the public buildings 
here. In compliance have to state: 

That we have partially commenced the operation of making arms in 

the east wing of the Manufactory, and in a few da\'s the whole will be 

put in motion, when an additional number of artificers will be required. 

The works are constructed for the employment of one hundred and fifty 



1804. workmen, which number it is supposed will make annually eight thou- 
Jan. 24, j^^^j stands of arms for the Militia, Infantry, and a pro})ortionate number 
for the Cavalry. As soon as the above number of artiste shall be em- 
ployed, eighty thousand dollars will be necessary for the annual expense 
of making arms. This estimate is predicated upon the cost of the arms 
made at the Virginia Manufactory, which is about ten dollars per stand. 

The Armory was designed for, and will be caj^ble of making all the 
implemente of war, and when the Foundry, <fec., for Cannon and other 
ordnance shall have been completed, every species of arms may be man- 
ufactured therein. And as all kinds of small arms may be made there, 
and presuming it is meant by the Government that the making of arms 
for the Infantry, Cavalry, and Riflemen should be carried on at the same 
time, so as to furnish each corps with ite due proportion of arms, I have 
to request information of the Executive upon this subject, which is par- 
ticularly necessary at the present time, as the artificers yet to be employed 
should be well skilled in the fabrication of the several kinds of arras to 
be made at the Armorv. 

You have seen specimens of the Muskets and Rifles made at our 
works, and in a few days I will exhibit to the Executive a Sword and 
Pistol which I have caused to be made at the Armory, and which, if they 
approve, shall be the model by which the Swords and Pistols for the Vir- 
ginia Cavalry may be manufactured. 

Permit me again to suggest the pro}>riety of permitting apprentices to 
be taken at the Manufactory of Arms on the same terms that }>rivate 
individuals take them. 

In my annual report of the 4th of December, 1802, on the subject of 
the public buildings, I stated that it would ])robablY require about five 
thousand six hundred and seventy-seven pounds to complete the Manu- 
factory of Arms, from the state in which it then was. But as only ten 
thousand dollars were appropriated for that purpose by the Legi5»lature 
at their last session, and as arrears to a considerable amount were due 
(for work which was unfinished and consequently not settled for at the 
time of my making uiy said report) and have been paid from the said 
fund of ten thousand dollars, there remained (of said appropriation) after 
the payment of those arrearages only tliree thousand and fifty-four dol- 
lars and twenty-six cents, which sum has been a])plied to the completion 
of the Manufactory of Arms in the last yoar. viz: 1S08. For the dis- 
charge of arrearages due for work already executed, and for that which 
remains \o be done for the completion of the Manufactory of Arms, four 
thousand seven hundred and sixty pounds will be requirtnl. 

It may not be improper here to mention that those citizens who at the 
commencement of the establishment undertook to furnish materials for 
the completion of the Manufactory of Arms, as well as those who have 
undertaken to execute the work, are anxious to fulfill their engagements. 

^.ALSKhaI €^' PIKT: ?JlPKft> 

i Sill:: ^llftl:H:r.T ^ : »> *«n* • nlrlM-JK 0„ 

Isa.. a- [i ■ r»T»''.vi?io.^ nt- luaiG i > le - ^s.-: a|tnn»ifnHt»ti a«*' *•• it-.-, ^^u^^ 

jifreasi' execoie : au ir-Tij-r tnii iritanL t- \>- i *fc.> ri«*ri, ^%M\r,■ il*Ty.. 

~ n^e* HI&141 L I'T till ni»or c in- ^1: 1 H-<H(>ttirM.i >ta;^ *h-*k 
aU'U' lAii' 'iriousaii r»p- nuncio nii ^•At»i,T''-*iv iMumr$- wimiI. *. 
T-<jurrt> 10 cfiXDiticnii. lu- luimct^ VvcTtiiHAthk ir tti- .l«i«nT^ '^>v» 

u»jliar- WW-- ii.i»proi?niiio le 111-' e«ii-i»i«jiii.' r tnn* i»iiii/Hi%i. i- S- Mr,- 

^'r»,i0i4*rtl t'*it li* lift. ttt4t I iifi*i*^. U- f 9';i,,r, 

* • ■ mvsL iM^'*»^^» 


1804. Revenue Tax of 1796, $1,773 30 

Ja»- 25 " « u i79j^^ 3 149 74 

^- '* ISOl! 3,534 65 

" " 1802, 3,740 44 

Auditor's Office, 25th January, 1804. 

Samukl Shepard. 

John I^aoe, Governor, to the Escheator for New KsNt Co. 

Feb. 2, Subjoined I forward you an advice of the Council of State to which I 

Richmond * *a *• m. 

request your attention. ♦ 

I am, &c. 

In C^>uncil, Feb. 2nd, 1804. 

It is advised that the Governor be requested to write a circular letter 
to the Escheators of the several counti(»s throughout the State, reijuiring 
that in future no Counsel be employed in aid of the County Attorney 
for the Commonwealth, without first obtaining the consent of the Execu- 

Extract from the minutes. 


Daniel L. Hvltox. 

Henrico County, A'c. : 

The oaths prescribed by law to be taken by the privy Council, 
have been duly administered unto Lyne Shackelford, EscjV, this day. 
Given under my hand the fourth day of February, 1804. 

Dan'l L. HVLTt>N. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Feb. 2 Asking instructiiuis as to the employment of increased number of 

wt»rkmen at tht; Manufactory of Arms. Also wliether he should pnH*e»Ml 
U) the completion of all the buiblingsof the Armory except the Foundry, 
including the Horing Mill. 

Also what course is to be taken with those j»ersons with whom contracts 
for materials and work have been made in cjise u\' suspension of the work. 

Also asking that written orders be given, forbidding the repair of Fow- 
ling |)ieees for i)rivate parties at the Armory by the artificers. 



Rob't Mitchell to the Governor. 

Being perfectly satisfied tliat it's impossible for me to continue an\' 1^04. 
longer one of the Inspectors of the Jail and Penitentiary, not having time Ridjniond 
which I can call my own to pay that attention to tlie business which the 
law and my feelings dictate, please therefore to receive my resignation. 

I am, &c. 

William Newsum to William Brokenbrough. . 

Soliciting the appointment of Notiir}' Public for Samuel Archer of March 1, 
Portsmouth, Va. ^'^'^'^^^ 

Alexander Quarrier to the Governor. 

Asking that additional compensation be made him for the extra dut}' 
imposed on his office of receiving and delivering the public arms stored 
in the Capitol.* 

March 3 

Samuel Pleasants, Jr., to the Governor. 

Informing him that the additional thousand copies of his edition of March 3, 
the Revised Laws ordered by the General Assembly, have been com- ^*<^"°^^"^ 
pleted and delivered. 

Samuel Coleman's receipt for the above lodged. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Inf«)rming him that the amount of money necessary for erection of the 
steeple on the Manufactory of Arms was included in his estimate for the 
cinnpletion of that building, and had been provided for in the last appro- 

March 3 

C^jntract between John Moody, Surveyor of the Falls of James River, 
and William Woodward is lodged, by which the said Woodward binds 
himself in the penalty of five hundred dollars to furnish all the neces- 
sary boata, tools, and hands and supplies, and to remove all the obstruc- 

[* A memorandum added to this paper declares that although the Executive are 
of opinion that extra pay should be given for this service, the Board did not feel 
authorized to give it.— Ed.] 

March 4 


1804. tions in the said Falls to the ])assage of tisli, as described by the act of 
March 4 ^j^^ 24th of January, 1803, all to be completed to the satisfaction of said 
Moody prior to June 1st next. 

For this service the said Woodward is to receive the Auditor s warrant 
on the Treasurer for one hundred dollars. 

March 12 The appointment of John Mitchell as Surveyor of the County of 
Hampshire, to hold during good behaviour, is lodged. 

Samuel Pleasants, Jr., to the Governor. 

March 16, Soliciting the office of Public Printer. 

Augustine Davis to the Governor. 

March 17, Soliciting the office of Public Printer. Offering to print 1,50() copies 
Richmond ^f Laws of Congress for the State for twenty-five dollars per sheet. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

March 26, At the request of Messrs. Price and Underwood, I beg leave to inform 

Richmond y^y ^j^^^ ^jj^ Public Warehouse on the Canal, altho' not yet completed, 

is in a situation in which 1 think they may begin to receive tobacco 


I am, &c. 

Endor.-innent <m Foregoing. 

We advise the Ciovcrnor to (jualify Messrs. Price and Underwood a<* 
Keepers of the Public Warehouse on the Canal, and that they imme- 
diatelv commence the duties of their office. 

Al. Mc'Rae, 

A. Stuart, 

John Heath. 
March 27, 1804. 

J. Dixon to the (Governor. 
March 29 Soliciting the office of Public Printer. 


Commonwealth of Virginia, 1804. 

To John Moody, Dr. ^^"^^ ^0 

To 14 Quarts Spirits for 36 men for 7 days' work in Falls of James 

River, @ 33^, $ 4 69 

To advertising in Argus 3 times, 150 

'^ Do. Polit. Repository 3 times, - - - - 1 50 

'' Ferriages, 50 

*' William Woodward, his services, 100 00 

$108 19 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

. Informing him of the escape of three prisoners on the previous even- March 30, 
ing from the Penitentiary. Penitentiary 

Meriwether Jones to the Governor. 

Having accepted the appointment of the Commissioner of Jjoans for March 31 
this State, it becomes illegal for me to continue longer as Public Printer. 

I am, «Stc. 

John ^^oody'8 report as surveyor of the Falls of James River for March 31 
removing obstructions to the passage of Fish, extending from Mayo's 
Bridge to Westham is lodged. 

T. Ritchie offers his and W. W. Worsley's services to the Executive for March 31 
the office of Public Printer. 

In bringing himself forward as a candidate for this appointment, he 
does not pretend to decide on his own qualifications or those of his com- 
petitors or on the interests of the State. lie merely wishes to express to 
the Council his willingness to discharge the duties of this office, and his 
decided belief that those duties will not be neglected should they devolve 
on him. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Asking instructions as to making the blades of Cavalry swords with March 31 
single or double flute, and whether the scabbards should be made of Iron 
or leather; the latter advised. 

Genl Maaon and Wm. Munford, Esq'r, having applied for the privilege 


18()4. of having each a sword made at the Virginia Manufactory of Anns, it 
March M j^ desired to know if this [)rivilege can ])e grant<.Hl. 

Sam'l Pi.rasants, Jr., to the Governor. 

April 4, Acknowledging receipt of appointment as Public Printer. 



April 4, Enclosing copies of contracts with Minton and Anderson for the rent 

Ricliinond ^^^ parcels of public land in the county of Buckingham. 

Harry Heth to the (tovernor. 

April 7, Applications for Arms and Accoutrement^s for his Compan}'. 


Philip Xorborne Nicholas to the Governor. 

April 12, Inclosed you will receive a letter to me from Mr. Irving the American 

Richmond Consul at London. 

You will perceive that he has rendered im[)ortant service to the State 
of Virginia, and has incurred a small expense which though trivial, the 
Executive can devise some mode to reimburse, l\v payment on his acc't 
at the United States Troasurv or in some other wav. I have intendt^l for 
sonie time to mention this subject to the Executive; whether Mr. Irving 
will expect any compensation for his trouble in this business, or whether 
it would Im; [)roper to offer any, the Executive will decide. 

The suit with Mr. Bristow's heirs is of great consequence, and involves 
a great Estate which they claim of the Commonwealth. 

I am, iVc. 
Pleai^e return the papers when done with them. 

Philip Norhorne Nicholas to the Governor. 

April 12, I received vour favor requesting mv oj»inion on the proper means to 

ic uiionu ^t<^p ti^(. depredations on the public lands at Pi^int Comfort, com muni- 
cate<l to the Executive by Mr. Latimer, wh<> acts as Superintendent of 
those lands. In the case of the Buckingham furnace land I applied to 
the Chancery Court for an injunction to sttiy waste, which has proved 
etl'ectual in that instance, and has put a stop to further mischief. I think 


pn:«of as U* the |ier*>n5 A£!ain>i whom tW ifvjui>olk>» iHurfil U> K^ t>l>i;jMn<\i. 
and if thev pc* on ailervnards lo oonimii muk^iK^^ thoy will imn^r jiiU iW 
o •n^^aences o( a contempt which will be ;» s^eiious thii^ U> ihf'nu 

I mm, ^. 

John Thompson to the Governor, 

Soliciting a Commission as Sheriff of Hanover in the rtn^ni of Wrn^ A|vrU V^^ 
O. Winston, whose term had expired, being next in the last nonuniition. "*w*>v^»* 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Forwarding proposal of John Tinsley for making Pistol Holist^w nnd ApHl U 
Sword Belts. 

John Stark to the Governor. 

Suggesting the propriety of purchasing in Philadelphia llftonn or April U 
twenty thousand seasoned gun stocks for the use of the Armory, which 
would soon be wanted. Also for the purchase in the samo city of two 
thousand dollars' worth of Bar Iron for the same. 

James Greenhow to the Governor. 

Setting forth the necessity of more comfortable and healthy quarti^rn April U 
for the Public Guard. 

Thos. Jefferson, President of United Statfj«, to the (hf\HHHoH, 

I have this moment received your letter of the Pith UiHlatiU itivmu ^pHI ih. 
information of the combination formed for counterfeiting and drcublint/: *»'^''^'^'»" 
forged notes of the branch banks of the I'nited .StatfiH, and will irfitiMfdi^ 
ately take such raeasuretf within the limits of the authority of iU*i 
General Government as may most effectually ai^p\HimU* with your tfth 
deavon^ to arrest and punish Xh\» practice, 00 dangerous Up private «« w^irll 
as public imere^tis. 

Mlth my joM acknowledgeiuentB for thifi ctmimnnimihm^ a/y^/t my 
aalutaliois and aaBoranoe of great eoDfidentioo and pmptict 


Price and Underwood to the Governor. 

1804. It is material for the convenience of the arrangementfl at this place 

Public' ^'^^^ ^^^ Superintendents should be furnished with the following neces- 
Warehouse varies to-wit : 

One block and teakle, two planks of oak or popular 20 inches wide, 
24 feet long, 3A inches thick, for the purpose of reducing Tob'o hand 
spikes for rolling, &c.. a patent balance for weighing, and a third prize 
(two having already been bespoke) for prizing. 

About four hundred Hhds of Tob'o has been stored awav without 
skids in this warehouse, which are to be restored upon skids; the Super- 
intendents beg leave to represent to the Council (through you sir,) the 
hardship they will be subjected to if compelled to turn out that Tobacco 
and store it a second time, they having once complied with the requisites 
of the law, and hope they may be directed to hire hands at public expense 
for the purpose, or that Capt. Clarke may be as it is in their opinion reason- 
able and just; the Board will however give such instructions as they 
may deem proper and right. 

We are, Ac. 

Samuel Brooks to the Governor. 

April 24, I thank your Excellency for the kind- offer of protection which you 
have done me the honor to communicate. In my opinion, suitable arms 
for my personal defence will be sufficient. If your Excellency will be 
pleased to order such to be delivered to me, I have no doubt but I shall 
be perfectly safe. 

I am, &c, 

P. 8. — The arms entrusted to me shall be taken proper care of and 
returned whenever it may be thought proper by the Executive. 

Richard Adams to the Governor. 

April 28 The Quartermaster of the IDth Regiment has in his hands 40 mu.'tkets 
unfit for use, collected about Town from citizens removing and others, 
lie waits on you with this for your instruction where to carry them to 
have them repaired. Part of one Regiment is still without arms. I am 
sorry to trouble you so often, but the arms in possession of Mr. West, as 
he will inform you, are getting worse every day. If repaired, might be 
put in the hands of the militia wanting them. 

I am, &c. 


EL .r. t^AMBlLL r».» THB <tO% l!ill>OK. 

Tliere is in •:his<x)univ a iract ut '.diiti wiiicn, iii tnv «.»puugtu :s> ca^jhtui- '^^M. 

able to the rommoaweaith. The <itu;&Uuii ot this*- iaiKi i^k tbal uLh^ui '>(^ lu.KkJiiKbaiii 

vears ;u£u :i •-'enain rbuniafii^ JocksHtii dieii ^zeii auu Lio6BMt}<><id oi tiu 

:«aid land. leaving riu iieirs thai liuve *'ver oiaiuieu rii«» s^uimj; ^Hifc icit a 

tenant on the iand. >vho iet'eiuL? the ritiut >ii the Coiuiuoii wealth l>y 

sayinis that .rackaon ami iiein in rhe Kiuiucdom oi S.vtiaiid. L Iiavtu :i6 

E:M!heator • »r this oonnty. had three \\xn\» imptftueied liccordhig to la\\, 

neither oi ^hich <x>idd asree iip«>n ;ui iuquiWL l^tM laud is> verv v«dua- 

ble. beini^ *2;^J acres, and iyins in a very fertile piurfi •.>l the ivuulv. L 

^hail by \'Tmie ot' my odice. piuceed to iioid lUiuiher jurv ou tiie s^uitc ^u 

S(X>Q as [ hear m>ni the Elxecuctve^ and I liave :hou|chi ic tuv duly u» 

make this «H>mmunirahon to the EIxecuUve> and wish to b%i iuioiuicd 

whether it would not i>e pro[)«r to •^nipioy •juuubei to ue^iiij^ th^ atuuiicv 

fur the <.\>minouwealth. Jamet» .Uleu. G^., the tonuer aitui:a«;v having 

lately resigned that office. The useutieuian who at preseiU tilb it i:» a 

young man ot riiTt re^>ectability. but a yomiic lawyer, and will l)u\c the 

ablest attorney to L*untend with, [f Mr. (.irvmet^:«hould be in Kichiuoud, 

he will be able to .pye the Executive any further cxplanaiiou ou ihe 


I have« «ke. 

X. B. — Dunlop. the tenant haa proof that Jacki^u i$aid that he had 
relation:^ in :rfo>tland. and this is what haugt^ the jury. 

Samuel Colbman to tuk i.iovbUi>ioH. 

.Soliciting 'on behalt'ot Capi. Bath urst June:?, ot* the Hanover Vitiilerv viuv ii. 
Company, under hid command > a :*upply of arm^s under the act of lUii l^i^hmoiid 
of January. IS^M. 

A List of a Company of Light In&ntry in the V.lty of Kiohuiond, via: May lei 
Geo. W.Smith, Capt. : Wm. Davidson. Lieut; UeiK VY. l>i\on« ICnsigu; 
C. S. Chilton, Wm. W. .Seaton. Robt. D. RicharifeK>n, S. Hatten, 'l\ Hlack- 
bum, N. White, Saml Leech. Jas, F^rkin^on, Wm. Kraat^r^ A. Buvkuev, 
Rich'd Finch, Jas. Parish, Frs. Timberlake. Jas. Tohnan, N. 'iHu\berlake, 
Lewie Coutts, A. Miller, P. Vandice, John Wt\**t, JiAn Andrew, Jas. 
Thompson, John L. Pleasants, 8, l^iggi>n, Jaa. Lvnoh^ \V m. Roberta, »hu». 
McNeally, Rich'd Lord, John W. Allen, A. Hare, J. FrankUu, \\\\\. Bar- 
ker, S. Barrett P. Barret, John Lord, W. WanI, Henry Young, H. Kin- 
nemond, John Thorns, John McCormick, Wm. l^iml) — iU. 


1804. We advise that ('om missions issue appointing Geo. W. Smith, Ca[)tain, 

May 15 William Davidson, Lieutenant, and Geo. W. Dixon, Ensign, of the within 
Company of Liglit Lifantry. 

Al. McRae, 


A. Stitaht. 
May 19tli, 1804. 

Wm. Nelson, Jr., and Arch'd Stuart to the (Governor. 

May 18, At the present District Court holden at tliis place, an onler was made 
Snffoik ^^^ ggj^^ ^ ^Y\e State of Delaware, a negro boy named George who wa.*!* 
brought before the Court on a habeas corpus, it a]>pearing that he was 
free, and had been kidnapped from the Town of Dover in that State, and 
it appearing also that a certain — Bonnet, who had brought him t4» this 
State, and in whose possession the boy was when the writ was awarded, 
had combined with one Enoch Gabb of Maryland and one — Clarke in 
this crime ; the Court ordered Bonnet to be committed to goal until the 
Executive of this State may communicate with the Executive of Dela- 
ware, who will no doubt demand him on being notified of his arrest here. 
The enclosed affidavit will give the Executive more particular information 
on this subject, and we have no doubt but that body will take the proper 
steps to have the person accused of this inhuman offence, delivered on 
application of the Executive of Delaware. 

We have the honor to be, <fec. 

Wm. Nelson, Jr., 
Arch'd Stlart. 

P. S. — The order of the Court is also enclosed. 
[The affidavit and order not found. — Ed.] 

Thomas M. Clarke to the Governor. 

May 18, ^ have been informed that there is a further number of muskets, drc, 

Campbell j,^ Richmond ready for the 53rd Reg't of Militia in the County of Camp- 
bell. To this Reg't there is a Company of Artillery annexed, who reside 
in the Town of Lynchburg, in which place there is considerable wealth 
deposited, and as the C'aptain and men display a military {mde^ prolmhly 
not enuulled by many in the State, in equipping themselves with complete 
uniform, A:c., 1 beg leave to suggest the projiriety of the Guns, <3(:c., being 
sent to Lynchburg for their use. If, Sir, you should think proper to for- 
ward the arms to this Company, there can be an easy conveyance ob- 
tained \i\) James River by Boats, and they can be sent directly to Cap- 
tain Thos. W. Cocke, who resides in Lynchburg and commands the Com- 


pany alluded to. I am informed that there is one field piece at New 
London that belongs to the State. This I would be glad to obtain leave 
to remove to Lynchburg for the use of the Company aforesaid, who 
would take the greatest care of it, and will have any repairs that are 
necessary made to the carriage, &c., at their own expense, and will return 
the same on application. As the Company will be very full and com- 
pleat, and as Captain Cocke shews an unexampled pride in instructing 
his men in their duty, &c., if it should be practicable and consistent 
with the arrangements made for the arming of the militia, I should be 
glad that his Company should be compleatly armed with all the neces- 
sary small arms and accoutrements, and that he should, if possible, be 
furnished with a small field piece in addition to the one at New London. 
With trusting that these remarks and solicitations will meet your 


I am, &c. 



May 18, 


At a Superior Court held at Hay Market for the District composed of 
the Counties of Iioudoun, Fauquier, Fairfax, and Prince William, the 
19th day of May, 1804: 

Present — The Honorable Paul Carrington, Jr., Esq., Judge. 

On the motion of the attorney for the Commonwealth, it is ordered 
that Gwyn Page, Thomas Swann, William Tyler, and Edmund Brooke, 
E^qs., or any three of them, do view the present situation of the.Court- 
House and Lott, the Clerk's office and Gaol of this District generally as 
to the state of repair in which these buildings now are, and report thereon 
to this Court. 

A report of Edmund Brooke, William Tyler, and Thomas Swann, 
Esquires, three of the Commissioners appointed at this term to examine 
into the present situation of the Court-House, Lot, &c., returned, their 
report stating that the buildings were in bad condition. 

May 19 

W. C. Nicholas to the Governor. 

When I passed through Richmond on my journey to this town, I 
should have presented to your Excellency the resignation of my seat in 
the Senate of the United States, had I formed the resolution that I have 
now taken. 

The President of the United States having offered to my acceptance 
the post of Collector of Norfolk, I came hither to decide after a more 
accurate view of the subject what measure I ought to adopt. The high 
honor that has been conferred upon me by my country, has never ceased 
to be duly appreciated with the fullness of gratitude which it so justly 

May 22, 





denuuida : and were I not oonscioos that a snGoessor can readtlr be Ibnnd 
more competent than myself to the dntie? of a Senator of the United 
States, nothing woold indnoe me to aek permiason to rdinqnidi that 
re^ponmble station. As it is. howerer. I trust thai I shall not be ooimd- 
ered as abandoning that affectionate attachment whidi I have ahrays 
[irofeseed, and trill never hi\ to prove on anv occasion to m v native State, 
when I enter into an office onder the General Government 

I>et me entreat vonr £xcellencv to receive this as my resignation, and 
when von oommonicate it to the Geneial AssemMv, soffer me to request 
them, sir, through you to receive my warmest acknowledgments for thrir 
kindness, and to be assured of my devotion to those principles which 
have drawn forth their successful effortB towards the establishment of 
our present happy system of affairs. 

I have, Slc. 


May 25 Informing him of the collection of £2.10 from William Anderson and 

£25 from Wm. Minion, amount of rent due by them to the Common- 
wealth on the public land in Buckingham county for the last year. 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Msy 26, Advising the removal of two Blacksmith Shops from the interior of 
Penitentiary ^j^^ Penitentiary building to a spot opposite the front gate to be used as 
a Barrack for the Guard, in lieu of the room withui the gate, which is 
much needed as depository of stores. 

It is advised (by the Board) that the Governor uifonn Mr. Mims he 
may make the alteration wished for the accommodation of the Guard, 
and then use the rooms he requires; the work to be done under the in- 
spection of Capt. John Clarke, who will take care not to exceed the 
appropriation made for the Penitentiary and yet unexpended. 

May 30 

Rich'd Adams to the Governor. 

In obedience to your letter of yesterday, I appointed Tunstall Banks 
the bearer of this, a Sergeant to take command of six men at the Jail as 
a Guard. He was on duty last night with his men; he waits on you to 
know what probable time he will be stationed there and on what estab- 
lishment, when and where he may draw provisions and receive orders 


I am, &c. 


J. Marshall, C. Justice U. S., to the Governor. 

The intelligence you gave me respecting an intention to rescue Logwood 1804. 
who is convicted of felony in the Court of the United States, would cer- p-chm^^'d 
tainly have induced nie to order a guard for his security, if the laws had 
entrusted the .Judge with that power. 

But I find no Act of Congress to that effect, and am therefore not satis- 
fied that I ought to exercise it. T think it most advisable, that an appli- 
cation should be made to the Executive of the United States on this sub- 
ject, where alone the requisite authority exists. 

I am, &c. 

Joshua West to the* Governor. 

Asking instructions upon w hat terms the Guard at the Court house for May 31 
Logwood is employed, and that the same be increased to eight men. 

Thos. W. Cocke to the Governor. 

Soliciting arms and accoutrements for the company of artillery com- June 6, 
manded by him attached to o8rd Regiment, and for leave to take posses- ^y"<^hburg 
sion of a piece of artillery now at New T^ondon, and to have one addi- 
tional piece furnished from Richmond. 

William Prentis, Mayor, to the Governor. 

Informing him of the finding by some boys of a parcel of counterfeit June 8, 
Bank Notes to the amount of $880 secreted un3er a large rock near the Petersburg 
Toll Bridge. Asking instructions as to the disposition of same. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

For some years past I have endeavored to obtain from persons resid- June 8, 
ing in various districts of the State all the information I could respect- ^*chmond 
ing the Ordnance belonging to the Commonwealth, which lie scattered 
about the Country in the same neglected state in which they were left at 
the end of the revolution — some pieces buried in the earth and others in 
the Rivers, where they were thrown in the course of the war to prevent 
their falling into the hands of the British army. 

I was induced to make these inquiries, well-knowing that we possess 


1804. very few cannon in proportion to the militia force of the State, and that 
Ricinnond ^^ "^^y> Perhaps before we expect it, again stand in need of the service 
they may yet render, if the corrosion with rust for iipw^ards of twenty 
years has not rendered them useless. 

It now being the proper season for collecting the ordnance, I think it 
proper to communicate to you such information as I have obtained 
respecting it. 

In the course of the administration of the late Governor (Monroe), I 
gave him all the information I then could, respecting the ordnance. An 
appropriation of money was afterwards made by the Legislature for 
their collection and preservation, but it has so happened that very little 
money could be afforded from the Treasury in the summer season (the 
proper time for collecting them), so that but few have yet been brought 
to this city. 

From various sources, written and verbal, I have been informed that 
at a place called Hood's, on James River, about 70 or 80 miles below this 
city, there are between 20 and 80 pieces of ordnance of various descrip- 
tions, a part of which is very large. Some of them are spiked, and a 
few have their truimions broken. 

Capt. Shepherd, a citizen of Richmond, who is engaged in the coasting 
trade, informed me that at least a dozen of the gunn from Hood's were 
carried on board the Frigates of the United States while they were pre- 
paring for sea at Norfolk, and that one of the said Guns now lies at the 
wharf at Portsmouth. 

At the mouth of the creek on which is the landing of the College of 
William and Mary, there is one or more cannon — one piece very large. 

At some place on the Eastern Shore (which place was not particularly 
designated to me) there is one. brass 4-pounder, two iron IS-poimders, 8 
iron 12-pounder8, 3 iron 4-pounders, 8 iron 3-pounders, and 1 iron 9-inch 

At the old ]>iiblic ship-yard on Chickahominy river, in Charles City 
county, there are several pieces of iron ordnance, among which are one 
1«S and one 12-pounder. I was informed that when the British army 
ravaged the county of Charles City, several pieces of Cannon were thrown 
into a saw pit near the said ship-yard, where they now lie buried. 

At Cumberland Town there are (or were) several large pieces of brass 

At Fredericksburg there is one or more brass pieces. 

At New Castle, on Pamunkey River, there is one large iron gun. 

At Norfolk and Fort Point, 4 iron 24-pounders, 18 iron 18-pounders, 
U> iron (i-pounders, and () iron carroiiades. 

At Williamsburg, 2 iron 12-pounders. 

At the mouth of Falling Creek, about seven miles below Richmond, 
one large iron Gun. 


At Four Mile Creek there were several iron Cannon, but I have been 1804. 
lately informed that within the last two years they have all been carried vtf^^Q^A 
away by vessels from New England. 

At South Quay some ordinance — their number and size unknown. 

At a place called Diascon, on Chickahominy, there were 4 or 5 pieces. 

At the Meadow Bridges, or near them, on the Hanover side of the 
swamp, 2 iron Cannon were carried and left when the Traitor Arnold led 
a party of the British Army to Richmond. 

I have been informed that 8 pieces of Cannon were removed from 
Richmond to the fortifications about Norfolk by order of the then Gov- 
ernor liCe. 

At Hanover Town there is a considerable qliantity of cannon shot, 
bomb shells, and two or three iron mortar beds, most of which are in 
the river, but may be easily raised, the water not being more than from 
one and a half to two feet deep when the current is low. 

As most of the ordinance above mentioned lie on navigable waters, and 
in their present neglected state may easily be carried away by vessels as 
ballast, and sold to great advantage in foreign ports for the arming of 
Privateers ; and as there is great reason to believe that such illicit con- 
duct has already been practiced in more than one instance; permit me 
to suggest to your Excellency the expediency of causing them to be col- 
lected with as little delay as circumstances may require. 

« I am, &c, 

P. S. — All the letters and memoranda I received respecting the ordi- 
nance I gave to Mr. Monroe, excepting the enclosed from Col. Newton 
which I afterwards received. 

N. B. — To the ordnance above mentioned, are to be added those pieces 
mentioned in the enclosed letter of Col. Newton, which lie in Northum- 
berland and Portsmouth. 

Norfolk, Oct. 6th, 1802. 

I received yours of the 30th ult'o. One 18 or 24 pounder lies under a 
bridge in ScotVx Mill Dam, Nansemond, 1-12 Do. lies in Norfolk, taken 
from the British and ought to be kept for a memorial. 

Some fete, how many [cannot tell, lies in Portsmouth, and some wheels 
which are not worth removing being very rusty. There are some old 
rusty muskets and some Cartouch boxes which have fallen by various 
accidents into my hands lying in my store; the Cartouch boxes may do 
but the muskets are good for nothing. 

I know of none at South Quay ; if there is any there, Mr. John Dor- 
ian who lives near it can inform you. The cannon in the forts the Grov'r 
has a return of. 

One large piece lies at the mouth of the College of William and Mary 

Creek if not removed, and I have reason to believe several very fine brass 





fr or -311* 

iril juuidS^ 



T»j*- ^traPT'.'S;. 

ii r#w<!?. Mr i». Mren wiJi |ifltr the t^ynxn^t. 

f;, Ym$0^^ 1«I IJ^^t \jmva Trfpf^. ^oSa^og mraa far h» oioipuij. 

4tm^ U ft fft ft/|vfv^l th^t A ^>/mfianr of Liirht Infantry, oommiinded by Cmpt. 

i^htff^H W, Hfiiith, t''mn%»iin$i, of mxty men of the 19Ui Reg*t« be armed: 
Afi/I Uf»i r^pf. John Clarke fummb the arms for that purpoBe from the 
l^fii t«iHtif\ uttw in the Annorv* whk'h have been cut down for Light 
Utfauiryt nfUtt they are fftani(»efJ for the 19th Regiment, Cltv of Rieh- 
fnorid< i%U(\ on receiving r>ol. AdaniB^ receipt for them, according to the 
H/'t. \m*im*A i\u' IMih of January. 18^Ki^ incorfiorated into the act piassedat 
ih*« Snni rn'MHUtii "t^> amend and reduce into one the several acts of the 
Omirral Stm^.%n)Ay for re^ulatin^ the Militia of this Commonwealth." 

iflinn 10, 


.Iamkh h. UicnAKPHON (Governor) to the Governor. 

Tlin Lnj^JHlatiirn of thin State have for some time past had seriou? 
hdniitlMtiH of chan^in^ the nan^^iiinary penal laws by which the State has 
bnnn )<ovnnHHl, and of ap|)ortioninj< to crimes appropriate punishment 
hy ronflnt*nH«ni and labour. To effect this purpose their attention has 
bnnn turniMl to the I'Mtablishmentof a Penitentiary House, where culprits 
may ho Hnntuncnd to couflm'ment and labour for crimes which by law 
thny art' now to MulFor <loatli; but as it would be a matter of experiment 
wiili thipi States and as a similar institution has been in operation in the 
HlAtn iivor which yo\i preside, 1 am requested by the Legislature to obtain 


from you all the information upon that subject you deem necessary, or 
is appertaining thereto, as well with respect to the edifice and the conse- 
quent expenses attending the erection, as to the governance of criminals 
and the laws defining the punishment of crimes. 

I have the more confidence in requesting the performance of the task 
hereby im[>osed, from the desire I presume your Excellency entertains of 
rendering every service in your power of ameliorating the condition of 
those unfortunate people who fall victims to a too sanguinary system. It 
would alno be highly gratifying to have combined with the above infor- 
mation, your observations upon the establishment, the tendencies towards 
a multiplication or reduction of the number of criminals within your 
State, and of the instances of reformation. As the Legislature of this 
State will convene on the fourth Monday of November next, I shall hope 
previous to that period to receive your communications on the foregoing 
subject, when they may be submitted for their consideration. 

I am, <&c. 



June 10, 



E. Carrington to the Governor. 

I do myself the honor, in compliance with the request of the Com- 
missioners for the Bank of Virginia in Richmond, to transmit to you the 
enclosed Resolution, which announces an event that will doubtless afford 
pleasure to the Executive as well as to the great lx)dy of the citizens of 


I an% &c. 

At a meeting of the Commissioners for receiving subscriptions to the 
Bank of Virginia, in the city of Richmond, on the 11th of June, 1804: 

Resolved, That the Chairman be requested to notify the Executive, 
pursuant to the 1 1th section of the law, that a suflicient number of shares 
have been subscribed for, to commence the operations of the Bank of 

Signed, E. Carrington, Ch'man. 

June 11, 


Declining the appointment of Inspector of the Penitentiary for a June 12, 
second term, on account of private business. Richmond 

"The proper Commissioners," acting under the authority of the act June 14 
entitled "an act for incorporating the Bank of Virginia," having (through 


1804. their chairman, Eklward Canington, Esq'r,) informed the Executive that 
June 14 ^ sufficient number of Shares have been subscribed for to commence the 
operations of the Bank, It is advised that the Treasurer be requested, in 
pursuance of the requisition to that effect contained in the 11th Section 
of the act aforesaid, to subscribe on behalf and for the use of this State 
to the Capital Stock of the said Bank to the amount of Three hundred 
thousand Dollars, to be loaned to the State by the said Bank of Virginia 
at the rate of Interest not exceeding four per centum per annum. 

June 16th, 1804. 

The Commissioners of the Bank of Virginia having made verbal re- 
quest to the Governor for Information whether the said Bank can be 
accommodated with room in the Capital until a more suitable place can 
be found. It is advised that the Governor grant Permission to the com- 
missioners to use all such parts of the Treasury offices as the Treasurei 
will consent to spare, together with the office formerly used by the Attor- 
ney-General, and which is understood and believed by this Board will 
answer temporarily for the purpose aforesaid. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

June 23, Informing him of the depredations committed by the fishermen upon 
Norfolk ^{^g timber growing upon the public land adjoining Old Point Comfort. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

June 30 Asking instructions as to whether the ration of the artificers com 

muted at 25 cents per day includes fuel for cooking and washing. 

Adjutant General's Office, 
Richmond, March 30th, 1804. 

June :iO By the 4th Sec. of the Militia law, jjassed at the last session of th< 

General Assembly, the Governor with the advice of Council, is authorizec 
and required to arrange the Companies of Artillery into Regiments anc 
Battallions in such a manner as to them may seem most convenient. I 
appears from the same section of the law that the troops of Cavalry wen 
intended to be arranged into regiments and Squadrons, although it is no 
so clearly expresseil as in the case of the Artillery. Under the formei 
Militia law, the several comi)anies of Artillery and troops of Cavalry ir 
each division were formed into regiments respectively, and the num 


ber of the division affixed to those regiments. It remains to arrange i804. 
those companies of Artillery into Battallions, and if the Council should ^^^^ ^ 
so determine the troops of Cavalry into Squadrons and the Majors re- 
spectively assigned to them. 

B}' the 11th Sec. "the Governor with the advice of Council, shall and 
may cause the several companies of Artillery, Cavalry, Grenadiers, Light 
Infantry and Riflemen to be allotted by entire companies into divisions 
from 1 to 10 for a regular rotine duty." 

Under the Militia Law passed in 1795, this was done, since which a 
Company of Artiller}' commanded by Thomas W. Cocke of Campl>ell in 
the first Regiment; also a company commanded by Robert Lewis of 
Caroline in the 2nd Regiment. 

And a company by James White, of Washington. 
Do. " John Koontz, of Rockingham. 

Do. " Da\'id lx)ng, of Harrison, in 3rd Reg't, has been 


Also a troop of Cavalry commanded by Thomas W. Todd, of Nottoway. 

Do. by William Taylor, of Mecklenburg. 

Do. " WilUam Walker, of Bedford. 

Do. ** Edmund Tunstall, of Pittsylvania. 

Do. " Thomas Shelton, of Cumberland. 

Do. " W^m. Ruffin, of Brunswick. 

Do. '^ James Barnes, of Lunenburg. 

Do. " Greensville Penu, of Patrick. 

Do. " Richard C. Claiborne, of Dinwiddie. 

Do. ** Peter Garland, of Henry. 

Do. " Josiah Woods, of Franklin. 

Do. " Mordecai Boothe, of Brunswick. 

Do. " Joseph Sanford, of Halifax. 

Do. " Robert Price, of Charlotte, in first Regiment. 

Do. " Thomas Divers, of Albemarle. 

Do. ** Zephaniah Turner, of Culpeper. 

Do. '* Charles Quarles, of Louisa. 

Do. ** Thomas Hunton, of Fauquier. 

Do. " Charles Tutt, 6( Loudoun 

Do. " William Armistead, of Amherst. 

Do. '* James M. Robertson, of Stafford, in 2nd Regiment 

Do. ^ John Lewi><, of Bath. 

Do. ^' Jesse Bennett, of Kanawha. 

Do. " John Davis, of Monongalia. 

Do. ** Joseph I^each, of Monroe. 

Do. " James Hite, of Berkeley or Jefferson. 

Do. " William Martin, of Harrison. 

Do. *' Jacob Hale, of Pendleton. 


1804. Also a troop by Robert Beaty, of Lee. 

Jane 30 ^^ u prancis Smith, of Washington. 

Do. " John McDonald, of Frederick. 

Do. " William Steel, of Augusta. 

Do. " James Ward, of Wythe. 

Do. " Thomas Smith, of Grayson. 

Do. ** Joseph Ker, of Ohio, in the 3rd Regiment. 

Do. " Elias Edmonds, of Lancaster. 

Do. *• John Eyre, of Northumberland. 

Do. " John Revel, of Accomack. 

Do. " William Ball, of Northampton. 

Do. " Beverly Robinson, of King William. 

Do. " Thomas Plummer, of Westmoreland. 

Do. " William Peters, of Sussex. 

Do. " John Fort, of Southampton. 

Do. " Elliott Muse, of Middlesex. 

Do. " John Temple, of King and Queen, has sii 


It remains to allot these companies and troops into rotine < 
from 1 to 10. 

The Companies of Grenadiers, Light Infantry, and Riflemen 
ing to the Battalions of the Regiments numbered from 1 to 1 
been allotted to their rotine divisions from 1 to 10. Those bek 
the Battalions of the Regiments numbered from 103 to 114 n 
be so allotted. 

With a view to the arrangement of the companies of artil 
troops of Cavalry into Battalions and squadrons, I herewith ench 
ments marked A and B, calculated to facilitate that arrangemem 
I have further to solicit the attention of your Excellency to t 
Section of this law, by which the Executive are authorized and : 
if the same shall not have been already done, to have a sufficic 
ber of copies of the rules of disci])line established by a resol 
Congress of the 29th of March, 1779, printed and bound in b 
aflbrd ever}^ commissioned officer of the militia one copy. Sine 
lar clause in the Militia Law of 1792 was carried into effect, the 
of militia officers has considerably increased. It is respectfi 
gasted whether it be not advisable to call for a return of those n 
in the hands of the officers from the commandants of the R< 
that the deficiency may l)e ascertained, and when deemed exped 
cured as directed. 

I am. Ac, 

Sami'kl Colkj 



Statement A — Artillery, First Regiment. 


Obadiah Smith, 



Brigade. 1804. 


Gabriel Penn, 



, June 30 


James Callowav, 

w 7 





Thomas W. Cocke, 





George Waller, Jr., 





Thomas Read, 





James Williams, 





Theophilus Field. 





Richard Bacon, 





James Wall, 




Bv the above it would seem 

that the Artillery in 

the 4th and 12th 


s ought to compo^5e one 

Battalion, and that in 

the 11th and 15th 



tkrMiid Regiment. 


Littlebury Weaver, 





John Edwards, 




1st Lieut Mann Page, 





Robert I^wis, 





John Stevens, 





Robert H. Woodson, 




Ist Lieut. John Nicklen, Jr., 




ki U 

John Stith, 

King George, 




William Harper, 





John Bionaugh, 




Third Reyiment 


John Fackler, 





John T^eyborn, 





Almarine Marshall, 





James P. Preston, 





\> illiani C. Bowver. 





James White, 





John Koontz, 





James Dailev, 




Ist Lieut. David Humphrey, 




•i ^k 

Robt. Scott, 




ii .* 

Sami Beck, 




(( .i 

James Singlet^>n, 




•4 ;( 

David Long, 





Captain Joseph A. Myera, 




" Bathiirst Jones, 




" John I>^wiH, 




Ist Lieut. John Ix)rd, 

King William, 



" " Richard Williams, 

Prince George, 



Captain George Price. 

Isle of Wight, 



Daniel Butts, 




Peter Lngg, 




MnjorK oj Rfginurnle. 

First R^ment— Clement CarrinRlon; Peter Johnson, of Prince Ed- 

Second Regiment— John Bronaugh, Faufjuier; John Stevene, Culpeper. 

Third Regiment— Alexander King, Hampshire; James Taylor, Mont- 

Fourth Regiment — Robert Goodwyn, Southampton; Samuel Coleman, 

Statement B — Cavalry, f^rst Regiment. 


Ist Lieut. John Swftnn. 




Captain Boiling Branch, 




" Thomas W. Todd. 




" Thomas Shelton. 




" Dennis Kelly, 




" William Irvin, 




^ '-■ William Walker, 




» —Greensville Penn, 




" Josiah Woods, 




" Peter Garland, 




■' James T. Johnston, 




" John Cunningham, 

Prince Edward, 



Francis B. Cox, 




» Edmund TunsUll, 




Robert Price, 




■' .lohn Wilder, 




" William Taylor, 




" William Ruffln, 




.lames Barnes, 




Richani C. Claiborne, 




1 '■ Mordecai Boothe, 




'■ Joseph Sanford, 




Majors to this Regiment— Erasmus Gill, Diiiwiddie; 

Peter F. 




Second Reijhiient. 

in Clifton (Garland, 




Charles Barney, 




Archibald Randolph, 




Thomas Divers, 




Charles Quarles, 




Williani Arraistead, 




Thomas S. Long, 




William Dade, 




John Rouzee, 




Zephaniah Turner, 




eut. Stapleton Crutchfield, 




in George Kemper, 




Thomas Hunton. 




James M. Robertson, 




William H. Powell, 




Augusten J. Smith, 




Charles Tutt, 




ors to this Regiment — Thomas M. Randolph 

, Albemarle; 

John T. 

ford, Caroline. 

Third Regiment 

in William Steinburgen, 
ieut. Benjamin Lewis, 
in David Bell, 

William Steel, 

Alex'r Shield, 

John Beale, 

Thomas Creigh, 

John liCwis, Ik>nnell, 

Abraham Bradley, 

Robert Beaty, 

Francis Smith, 

Thomas Swift, 

Gordon Clovd, 

Joseph I..each, 

James Ward, 

Magnus Tate, 

Ferguson Bell, 

James Hite, 

John McDonald, 

Robert McClure, 




















Berkeley or Jefferson, 



17 th 

do. . 

June 30 





John Davis, 


10th Brigade. 

June 30 


Will. Martin, 





Joseph Ker, 





Jacob Hall, 




Majors Third Regiment — Robert Grattan, of Augusta; 



of Frederick. 




I John Ambler, 

James City, 




William Austin, 





Benjamin Oliver, 





Burwell Bassett, 

New Kent, 




Archibald Ritchie, 





Vincent Branham, 





George W. Boothe, 






Elias Edmunds, 





Wm. Ball, 





Beverley Robinson, 

King William, 




Thos. Plummer, 





Elliott Muse, 





John Temple, 

King and Queen, 




Canfield Seward, 





James Riddick, 





John Baird, Jr., 

Prince George, 




Wm. Peters, 





Joshua Fort, 





Littleton W. Tazewell, 





John Eyre, 





John Revel, 




Majors — Peter B. Whitincj, Gloucester; Tunstall Banks 

, FiRsex 


,TuIy r>, 

Abraham H. Vknable, Senator of V, S., to the Governor. 

A variety of consideratiims have mside it necessary that I should resign 
my situation as Senator of the Tnited States. You will please to accept 
this as a notification in order that the vaciincv mav be filled if it sh(»uld 
be dei^med iie<.*essarv by the Executive, before the next meeting of Con- 
gress. I cannot help on this oci^asion expn.^'^ing the greatest regret I feel 
on n'liiKjuisliing an oflice oonferretl on me by the General Assembly before 
tlu' term of service contemplated had been ci>nipleated, but the greatest 
length of time that I have been in the public service, has so far disabled 
me from attending to mv private afiairs as to make this measure rather 
a matter of necessitv than of choice. 

lie ple:\sed io a<'cept assurances of my high resi>ect. and believe me to 
be witli ureat rtnrard, vour obedient servant. 


Thomas Nbwton to the Governor. 

Resigning the appointment of Superintendent of Quarantine at Nor- 1804. 

r II "July 6, 

folk. Norfolk 

TIenry St. John Dixon, William Kino, James White, and 

David Campbell to the Governor. 

The undersigned four of the persons appointed by a resolution of the July 7, 
General Assembly at their last session, to wait on the Legislature of the Abingdon 
State of Tennessee and enter into proper stipulations for opening the navi- 
gation of the River Holstein, take the liberty to request that your Excel- 
lency will address a letter by the hand of the Commissioners to the Gov- 
ernor of the State of Tennessee, notifying him of their appointment and 
the object of their mission. 

Considering the importance of the object to be attained in the opening 
and improving the navigation of the River Holstein, we have made this 
request, being well persuaded you will afford every assistance which you 
may deem necessary for its accomplishment. 

The Legislature of Tennessee will meet at Knoxville the 28rd instant. 
Yt)u will please forward your communications inclosed to the Commis- 
sioners there, as they will leave this place before the mail can arrive here. 

We have the honot, &c. 

John Irwin to the Governor. 

Your Excellency's favor of the 28th of December ult'o, and a copy of July 11, 
an Act of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia, for °°^^> ® 
confirming and establishing the boundary line between that State and the 
State of Tennessee came duly to hand. 

I have the honor herewith to transmit to you an authenticated copy of 
an Act of the General Assembly of this State, passed on the 3rd of 
November, 1803, entitled "An act confirming the boundary line between 
this State and the State of Virginia as settled and designated by certain 


I have, &c. 

John Clarke and Alex'r Quarrier to the Governor. 

Informing him of the delivery of two hundred and two pair of Hol- juiy 14 
sters and two hundred and three sword belts by Capt. John Tinsley. The 
character and condition of the leather not satisfactory. 



July 20, 

J. Fort to thb Goveknor. 
Soliciting arniH for his company of Cavalry. 

Joseph Shelton to the Governor. 

Julv 20, Soliciting arms for his company of Cavalry. 

August 3, 
Libel ty 

Jambs C. Steptoe to the Governor. 

It is probable you may have through the medium of public remorse, 
heard of the death of Colo. Trigg, the member of Congress for this Dis- 
trict. It is certainly true, he died on the 28th June last The vacancy 
occasioned by his death must be filled by a new election, and it is believed 
the writ for that purpose must be issued from the Executive authority of 
the State; if this opinion be correct, will your Excellency be pleased to 
take the subject under consideration and let a writ issue as early as pos- 
sible, that it may generally be known throughout the District. Were I 
permitted to suggest a time for holding the election, it would be the Sep- 
tember Court days of the respective Counties as most proper and con- 

I have, &c. 


W. Whitaker to the Governor. 
Solicits appointment as clerk at Penitentiary. 

Nathan'l W. Prick to the Governor. 
August 3 Solidte ap}K>intment as clerk at Penitentiary. 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

.\i]«osi 11 Asking for the appointment of Harrison Gordon as derk of the Pen- 
itentiary in the room of Wni. Dabney who has accepted a clei^ship in 
the Bank of Viiginia. 


Wm. West to the Governor, 

Amwi 11, Solicits appoiiftment as ctork at PeniteniiaiT. 


The Manchester Troop of horse solicit arms and accoutrements. 1804. 

August 11 

Allen Taylor to the Governor. 

Accepting appointment of Agent for Commonwealth to purchase and August 16 
dispose of the land of John Smyth the late Sheriff of Botetourt County 
under execution for the Revenue of 1801. 

Wm. Morgan to the Governor. 

Resigning commission as Superintendent of Quarantine at York Town August 21 
and recommending Peyton Smith for the office. 

James Greenhow to the Governor. 

Suggesting a house belonging to the State lately occupied by Robert Augugt 25 
C<K)ley as a hospital for the Public Guard. 

William B. Giles to the Governor. 

Your favor of the 12th instant, accompanying the ('ommission of Sen- August 27, 
ator of the United States was duly received by the last mail and should A"™®"* 
have received immediate attention. ha<l not the most afflicting indisiK>Ki- 
tion almost from that time to the present prevented it. 

I have now to inform you, sir, that I accept the apf>ointment, although 
from the present state of my health I have little reason to hope that I 
shall be enabled to discharge the duties thereof either with advantage to 
the public or satisfaction to myself. Upon the ascertainment, however, 
of so unfortunate an occurrence, the office will be instantly resigned. 

Be pleased, sir, to make my .sincere acknowledgments to the Council 
of State for the confidence they have reposed in me, Vjoth in conferring 
the appointment and the manner of conferring it, and assure the Gentle- 
men composing that Board that I entertain for them individually, the 
Highest respect and consideration. 

I thank you, Sir, for the very polite manner in which you have made 
the communication to me, and I beg you to receive unfeigned aM^urances 
of the high consideration I have always had for your public and prii'ate 

Be pleased to accept the Itetsi wishes of my heart for your health and 


Samuel Shbpard to the Governor. 

1804. Informing him that since the first day of October, 1,803 warrants. 

Auditor's amounting to Fourteen Thousand one hundred and ninety-eight dollars 

Office and six cents, have been drawn on the Contingent Fund. Nine of these 

warrants, he conceives, were properly chargeable to other Funds, for 

which there were appropriations. 

John Clark to the Governor. 

Sept. 7 Asking instructions as to which of the pieces of Ordnance scattered 

about in the rivers and elsewhere in the State, of which he encloses memo- 
randum, may be considered as belonging U> the State, in order that he 
may take steps for their recovery. 

W. Whitakbr to the Governor. 

Sept. 10, Having been appointed Clerk of the Penitentiary, conceives it improper 
Penitentiary ^ officiate longer, as an Inspector to that institution, and tenders his 

Peter Guerrant to the Governor. 

Sept. 16 Prays that the suit instituted against him for failure to fulfill his con- 

tract respecting the building of the Public Warehouse be dismissed. 

Andrew Moore to the Governor. 

Sept. 20, I received your letter informing me of my appointment by the Execu- 
Rockbridge ^|yg ^ Senator in the Congress of the United States. I have delayed an 
answer for the purpose of ascertaining the wishes of the District on the 
subject, and also the probability of a Republican successor in the Dis- 

I am now advised and accept the appointment. I accept it with great 
diffidence of my own abilities. Hut I beg leave to assure you, and the 
members of Council, that my utmost endeavoi*s shall be employed for 
the interest of our conmion country. 

I am. iS:c. 



Resigning the agency for superintending the public lands in Bucking- 1804. 
ham and collecting the rents on same. Recommending Colonel William ^^^' ^ 
Cameron for the position. 

John Clarke to the Governor. 

Acknowledging receipt of an order of Council of the 25th ult. requir- Sept. 22 
ing to be furnished '^a statement of all the arms of every description 
which have been completed at the Manufactory of Arms from the com- 
mencement of operations therein to the first day of last July, and regular 
statements of all arms completed and which shall be completed at the 
said Manufactory to be rendered at the expiration of every quarter of a 
year from and after the said first day of July last." In answer, calls 
attention to his monthly statement on each pay-roll of amount of work 
done in all the stages thereof as a preferable exhibit. 

That no augmentation of the force has been made, not knowing the 
intention of the T.egislature as to further appropriations. That on account 
of the want of punctuality in the monthly payment of the artificers, 
some had left; others suffered by having to sell their claims at a heavy 
discount to support their families. 

Urging the purchase of seasoned gun stocks and other supplies for the 

Ratification of Constitutional Amendment. 

The Governor laid before the board a notification from the Secretary of Sept. 24, 
State of the U. S., that the amendment proposed at the last session of ^o?*state'** 
Congress to the constitution of the United States has been ratified by 
three fourths of the Legislatures of the several States. 

It is thereupon advised in pursuance of an act of Congress, passed at 
the last session, entitled, &c., that the Governor cause a transcript of the 
said notification to be delivered to the Electors to be appointed to choose 
a President and Vice-President of the U. S., at their meeting at Richmond 
in Dec'r next for that jmrpose. 

Department of State, 
Washington, Sept 24, I8O4. 

I have the honor to notify you in pursuance of the Act of Congress, 
passed on the 2Gth of March last, entitled "An act supplementary to the 
act entitled ' An act relative to the election of a President and Vice-Pres- 
ident of the United States, and declaring the ofiScer who shall act as 


1804. President, in ca^ of vacancies in the oflSces both of President and Vice- 
Deuirtment f**"^^**"^/ ' ^^^^ the amendment propo$«ed daring the last 8es8ion of Con- 
of State gre«8, to the constitution of the I 'nited States respecting the manner of vot- 
ing for President and Vice-President of the United States, has been ratified 
by the legislatures of three fourths of the several States, to-wit, by those of 
Vermont, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
Virginia, Ohio. Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina and 
Georgia. I request you to be pleased to acknowledge the receipt hereof. 

I have, &c. 

James Madison. 

Botetourt County, Va., 

September Uth, 180 Jt. 

To hU Excelleiicy the Governor and the Honorable Council of State: 

We the subscribers with Alexander Patrick, commissioned by his 
Excellency for the purpose of carrying into effect the act to amend the 
act entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act for appointing Electors 
to choose a President and Vice-President of the U. States. 

The purport of this letter is that whereas Alex'r Patrick is removed to 
the State of Kentucky, and Thomas Rowland is commissioned as high 
Sheriff of Botetourt County, we therefore recommend Alexander Wilson 
and James Tapscott, Gentlemen, as fit persons to be commissioned in the 
room of said Rowland and Patrick to carry the aforesaid act into effect. 

We are with submission and esteem, your most obed't, 

Thomas Row^land, 
John Moore. 

Thompson Mason to the Governor. 

Sept. 2i), The en(;lo»ed letter was put into my hands by Col. Albert Russell, 
Fairfax commandant of the 57th Reg't of militia, who has stated to me that his 
domestic concerns are such at present as to make it a desirable thing for 
him to resign the coniinand of the Regiment, but he is unwilling to do 
so unless a proper character can be found to succeed him. C^l. Russell 
is a valuable officer — served with reputation during the revolutionary 
war, is a decided Republican, and will be a great Loss to the Brigade. 
This renders it the more rec|uisite that a respectable and suitable charac- 
ter should, if possible, be selected to supply his place. The officer next 
in rank to Col. Russell is not only a bitter federalist, but is totally un- 
qualified to discharge the duties of such an office, yet on account of his 


political tenets. If a recommendation is made by the County Court, he 1804. 
will in all probability be the person recommended. Major Armistead *^P.^^' 
Ix)ng, who is mentioned by Col. Russell in the inclosed Letter, is a very 
respectable character, a decided Republican, and will, I have no doubt, 
make an excellent officer. What Col. Russell wishes (if the Executive 
approves of it) is that without a recommendation from the Court, a com- 
mission should be sent to Major liOng as Commandant of the Regiment. 
If, however, the Executive cannot do this. Col. Russell has desired me to 
reijuest that his Letter may not be considered as a resignation. 

Whilst upon the subject of the militia, permit me to call your atten- 
tion to the present deranged state of the 60th Regiment in Fairfax county, 
which has been for some months past without a Col. Commandant. The 
Col. of this Regiment resigned early last spring; the County Court made 
no recommendation until July, when they nominated Capt. Aug't J. 
Smith, of the C-avalry, to the Command of the Regiment, but no com- 
mission has yet been sent to him. 

During the present year, from Resignations, deaths, and removals, so 
many vacancies have happened that I am told that not more than half 
the number of officers necessary are now in commission, consequently 
the militia is much neglected; and these vacancies, I understand, will 
not now be filled until a Colo. Commandant is commissioned. The time 
for the regimental muster is fast approaching, which must be a very 
imperfect one with so small a proportion of officers to the Regiment and 
without a Colo. 

If therefore the Executive have no particular reason for withholding 
from Captain Smith the Colonel Commandant's commission, it would 
perhaj)8 be advisable to forward it as soon as p)08sible, that some arrange- 
ments may be made for the Regimental muster and for putting the 
Regiment in a Ijetter state than it is at present. 

I am, &c. 

IjOUDOUN, Sept, 20th, 180^. 

My situation at this time makes it necessar}'^ that I should resign the 
command of the 57th Regiment of Militia, but will do it with reluctance 
if the next officer in rank should succeed me. I consider him a ver^'^ 
improper person to be intrusted with it He is perhaps known to you, 
having served last session from this county in the liCgislature, and was 
elected purely upon party motives, and I suppose if the Court recom- 
mends, he will be promoted to the command of the Regiment, and 
perhaps upon the same principles. 

Major Armistead Ix)ng resides in the Regimental district and will 
accept the command if the Executive should think proper to give it to 
him. I think he would be a very good appointment. 

I am, <&c. 

A. Russell. 


Tnos. Newton to the Governor. 

1804. I have just returned from the south end of the Canal, and I find only 

Norfolk ^^^^ exertion and some money is wanting to partially use it, and the com- 
pletion may he going on at the same time if the shareholders will come 
forward. I think the boat« may pass through by next summer, unless 
an uncommon wet season should ha[)pen. What was deemed impracti- 
cable, is now found to be the reverse, and that it may be eflccted with 
ease and safety, and every obstacle easily got over, and a constant sujiply 
of water from Drummond's pond may be obtained to carry boats through 
in the dryest seasons. 

Our town is healthy as to old settlers an yet, and I believe not one in 
60 or 70 take any fever of strangers. I cannot learn from the accounts 
1 receive, that fifty inhabitants of all kinds have died this fall. The 
weather is favorable, and I hope the summer is broke. 

I am, &c. 

John Heath to the Governor. 

Sept 30 Opposing the appointment of Wm. Whitaker as Clerk at the Peniten- 
tiary by the Board as an interference with the prerogative of the Keeper 
of that institution. 

Oct 2 The Treasurer being injoined to close the accounts of his office on the 

80th of September annually, we the underwritten, a Committee of the 

Executive for that puri)08e, af)pointed at the request of the Treasurer, 

repaired to the treasury on the morning of the first of October, in order 

to ascertain the amounts of money and other facilities actually in the 

trejusury received on public accounts, and constituting the balance due 

therefrom on the 80th day of September, 1804; and having examined 

and carefully counted and weighed the money, we find it amounts to one 

hundred and twenty-four thousand nine hundred and fifty-eight dollars 

and ninety -eight cents. 

Given under our hands at the Treasury the second day of October, 


W. ForsHKK, 

Alex'r Stuart, 

John Heath. 

Jacob Wauner to the Governor. 

Oct. 5, In the absence of the Secretary of Stiite, and agreeably to an act 

Department ^^f Congress entitled '^an act for the more general promulgation of the 


I^ws of the United States, passed 3rd of March, 1795, and an act in 1804. 
addition thereto passed on the 2nd March, 1799, 1 have forwarded to your De^frt„^Lnt 
Excellency by Captain Thomas Creighton, five boxes containing one of State 
thousand four hundred and thirty copies of the I^aws of the United 
States, 2nd Session, 7th Congress, being the proportion of the State of 

I have the honor. &c. 

Sam'l Pleasants, Jr., to the Governor. 

Pro[)08ing to print copies of the laws passed at the last session of Con- Oct. 6 
gress for the use of the Commonwealth. 

John Cunningham to the Governor. 
Soliciting arms for the use of his company. Oct 13 

Thomas Nicholson offei-s to print 1,500 copies of laws of Congress, for 
two hundred and eighty-three dollars and ninety-two cents, by the first 
of January, 1805. Accepted. 

Ben.t'n Parke to the Governor. 

Informing him of the arrival of a vessel with a case of small pox and Oct. 28, 
of his enforcement of the quarantine on said vessel. bare 

John Tinsley to the Governor. 

Informing him that he would by the 3rd of Nov. be prepared to deliver Oct. 28 
a sufficient number of Holsters and sword belts to equip four companies. 

*J. P. to the President of the United States. 

Being re(}uested by the General Assembly to continue a Correspond- Oct. 29, 
ence which was begun with you by my predecessor, Governor Monroe, I^ichmond 
upon the subject of certain of their resolutions of the Slst of December, 

* Grovemor John P&ge, as the text proves. — Ed. 


1804. 1800, and of the 16th of January, 1802, and which was renewed by me, 
Rkhm^nd ^'^®*'^®'' y^^ hii\e received any further information respecting the Sierre 
Leone Company's disposition to treat for a permission to make use of 
their land as an asylum for the persons described in those resolutions. 

And as the resolution which has made it my duty to trouble you on 
this interesting subject appears to me to refer principally to your valu- 
able suggestions respecting Louisiana (as they were the subject of the 
extract of your letter which was communicated to the Assembly and 
occasioned this resolution), I must also request that you will be pleased 
to inforn) me whether the Legislature of the Union will consent to such 
a disposition of any part of that country, as appears to be the wish of 
the Legislature of Virginia. Should you still think that Louisiana may 
atford the desired asylum for the free n^roes and mulattoes and such as 
may be hereafter emancipated, you will be so good as to state that wish 
to Congress confidentially; but should you judge it prudent to delay the 
further prosecution of this delicate business till the practicability of 
carrying into effect the views of the Legislature of this State with respect 
to the removal of at least 19,000 free negroes and mulattoes (the num- 
ber according to the last census) out of it and into a distant country has 
been maturely considered, you will only be so good as to communicate 
to me your further ideas at your leisure on this interesting subject. I 
sincerely wish to procure the asylum contemplated, and I believe that if 
a fund could be raised and applied annually to the purchase, removal, 
and education of young slaves as soon as of a sufficient age for those 
purposes, in a few years we might be disembarrassed of those many dis- 
agreeable circumstances which gave rise to our present enquiry, and 
might not such a fund be raised by the voluntary contributions of the 
benevolent throughout America and Europe, aided by a moderate Tax 
on slaves? 

I think that a better r^ulation of our police and a proper vigilance 
would be sufficient for present purposes as to the free n^roes and mu- 
lattoes, and that it would be dangerous to attempt a removal of any but 
such as may be emancipated hereafter. But I should wish to send them 
to Sierra Ijcone, or to St Domingo should that Island be acknowledged 
by the French free and independent (an event, however, at present not 
to be expected), and that none but the uncorrupted youth, who should 
be educated and trained up in principles and habits which might render 
them worthy of the freedom conferred on them, should be sent into 

I have thrown out these hints for your consideration and correction, 
and have delayed writing on this perplexing subject till I had lost all 
chance of being able to discuss it fully in a free conversation which I 
had flattered myself I could have enjoyed with you. 

I am, &c. 



Tho. Lunsford Lomax to Wm. Brokenbroioh. 
Soliciting a Commission as Notary Public at Fredericksburg. 

Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

I have the honor to enclose to you 4.he report of the acting Inspectors 
of the Penitentiary, in pursuance of the 20th regulation for the internal 
government of that institution. Their present official situation will, it 
is hoped, account and be an excuse for the little information contained 
in the said report. During the whole of the last month they have been 
fiilly occupied by those duties of their respective public offices, which 
could not be dispensed with. 


The undersigned, acting Inspectors of the Jail and Penitentiary house, 
on the expiration of their time of service as such, beg leave, in pursu- 
ance of the 20th regulation for the internal government of the said Jail 
and Penitentiary house, respectfully to report that they have executed 
the duties assigned them, as well by the acts of the General Assembly 
requiring their appointment as by the said regulations, as will appear by 
their minutes, made in a book kept for that purpose and herewith sub- 

That shortly after the representation ineffectually made of the situation 
of Merry man, with a view to obtain his discharge from confinement, he 
departed this life. 

And that in consequence of the inadequacy of the salary allowed the 
assistants of the Keeper, he is unable to engage such as are fit for the 
service, and of course that the strict observance of such of the regulations 
above mentioned as are predicated on the Keeper's having a ccjmpetent 
number of assistants has been dispensed with. 

They know, however, of no omission of duty on the part of the Keeper, 
prescribed by the said regulations, likely to produce an injurious effect. 
The undersigned are indeed so fully persuaded of the correctness of his 
principles, the goodness of his heart, and the vigilance and activity of 
his conduct in the discharge of the important duties assigned him, that 
they are happy in this opportunity of giving their decided testimony in 
favor of his fitness for the office he holds. 

The undersigned have to add, that during the two months they have 
attended as acting Inspectors, twelve of the convicts, whose time of con- 
finement had expired, have been discharged, and seven have been 
admitted, as will appear on examination of the minutes before men- 
tioned. The whole number now in confinement is eighty-eight. 

Wm. Moselkv. 
Richmond, November 1st, 1804. Samuel Coleman. 


Ck t, 30, 



Nov. I 


William Mosbley to the Governor. 

1804. In the absence of the Attorney-General, when the Stockholders met to 

Nov. 4 . J f 

Treasurer's choose directors, &c., for the Bank, I felt it my duty as agent for the 

Office State to obtain *the inclosed opinions of Messrs. Hay and Wickham for 

my government in the vote I should give, for which they expect a fee, 

the amount of which is left blank. " It remains with the Executive to say 

what the sum shall be and how paid. 

I am, &c. 
[*Not found.— Ed.] 

Thos. Jefferson, President of United States, to the Governor. 

Nov. 10, Your several favors of the 3rd instant have been duly received on the 

as mgion ^(g^jg^yii^ ^f Greenlaw which you were so kind as to enclose, the necessary 
measures will be taken. That which covered claims of reimbursement 
from the Treasury of the U. S., on the prosecution of Logwood has been 
considered by the Secretary of the Treasury within whose department it 
is; he states as follows, that the account for a guard has been allowed; 
that if the transportation of forging materials was necessary for convic- 
tion, the six dollars should be paid by the marshal; but that the three 
large items in favor of Underwood, Allen and Booker being gratuities for 
certain meritorious conduct, are not within the competence of the Execu- 
tive of the U. S. to allow; that claims of this character must be made to 
Congress. I return you the papers therefore, to be used as the foundation 
of such a claim, should you think proper to have it brought forward by 
your Senators in Congress, the constitutional organ for that purpose. T 
will also have a consultation with your Senators from whom or from 
myself, you shall hear further on the subject. The separate application 
on behalf of Brookes, is equally beyond our competence; it differs from 
the public claim only as it is proper he should come forward individually 
by petition to Congress, which he may have presented by a representative 
to the H. of Representatives or the Senate as he pleases. 

Your favor of October 29th rec'd, at the same time shall be the subject 
of a separate answer. Accept my salutations and assurances of great 
esteem and respect. 

I am, <&c. 

Thomas Newton to the Governor. 

Nov. 16, I now enclose the Report of the President and Directors of the Dismal 

Norfolk s^amp Canal, by which will be seen the progress that has been made — 





the am't of Tolls received for not a half of the Canal. If it was com- 1804. 
pieted it would repay the adventurers a handsome interest for the money ^^i^ 
advanced. The one mile and a half which is to cut could soon he fin- 
ished half the width; that would effect the navigation for the hoats 
descriljed in the report, and would not retard the completion of the 
Canal to the full width ; the ground being left on the East side could be 
dug whilst l)oats were going on the west side. It is designed to cut, and 
it must be effected, a small canal from I^ke Drummond to the main 
Canal, about three miles distance, which would supply the main Canal 
with water in the driest seasons and increase the Tolls greatly. This 
could be done in a season if dry. We want nothing more than public 
spirit to push so desirable objects. The Canal opens into all the waters 
of North Carolina, and is convenient to great part of Virginia, especially 
those living on the waters of Roanoke, Meherrin, Nottoway, and Black- 
water rivers. Much produce that is now almost useless to the inhabit- 
ants in those places would yield them considerable profit if they had 
water carriage to market. Our funds being exhausted, it is necessary 
they should be replenished to finish the work, and I hope the Assembly 
will grant such aid as will enable us to complete it. 

I am, &c. 

The President and Directors of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company 
have the mortification of still reporting to your Excellency the unfinished 
state of the Canal, owing to the scarcity of our funds to hire laborers in 
these parts of the country; but few will hire their hands to work on the 
Canal. There still remains one mile and a half to cut to make a com- 
munication between the waters of Elizabeth River and of Pasquotank, to 
bring boata through large enough to carr}' twenty hogsheads of Tobacco 
or ten M three feet shingles. The road is now passable for foot passen- 
gers and horses through the whole swamp, and during the winter we 
expect it will be finished for carriages. The present impediment is from 
the mud being thrown upon the causeway, which when spread will soon 
dry and make a good road. About 10 miles of the Canal is cut the full 
width from four to ^\e feet deep; four and a half is cut half the width 
from three to six feet in depth, and the mile and a half to cut could in 
three months be cut in the sj)ring if the season is dry. A lock has been 
just built about six miles from the north end to raise the water, so as to 
facilitate the navigation now carrying on in the Canal. About three 
more locks will be sufficient when the Canal is completed to carry vessels 
through. The foundation of the largest one, at the south end, is fixed 
and in good order for building the sides and gates up, which have been 

The temporary locks at the south end are in order to pass boats of the 
size above mentioned. The amount of Tolls from the Canal and Mills 


114^ as u^ nr/rsQ ^s^ frfjm ^htt 2aA*d A mimt - 1^J>± to the ^ib «f )faT. 

S^^k ^ ^>'^'^ in:<^ Toik at the «mth €»d we coMt at 

v^ ^dT#r rjTiC nf^jpflV fprjCBi oar CoOcrtor. Tbtj vffl te tiiliBe to the 
rcmT<ed at tine nofffia oidL 

L'prjo the vbole. frooi tbe beet eakolatkuM we 
j^ADii 4fA\Mn win he wanthig:. wfaidi with tbe 
Toik we fare ercrf «xfKictatioo woold finish Ibe Canal and locks and 
«c«iipk<e the mdk Our fuidi are fo erhiwtfd that il k 
the fUHdiokkm to iwmamt them br loan, and the aaonnt of the 
to k«& af4#lkd t<^ th#r fttvuMfit of the principal and intcteiC or in snch 
rixaooer a« ther j^hail deem best. Some of the ftockho b k i^ beie bare 
f^nhtmhfsd a kjan of twentj doQars on each shaie. If all wmld fillow 
tb^r exampkv the works woold be made pageable for «och boat? as is 
\0^m: AeffrnbfcA hj Aniniit or September next, and the whole we expect 
crjtiid ^le com|#kted moctjtdmi^ to the intention of the act for cnttiii^ tbe 
( anai bf September, li^M. 

We hare thus laid oar sfitiiation beibre joor CxceOcncr that it ntaj be 
cyjfnmunieaied to the General AaKmUj, which we hope will grant q$ 
their aid in finifhing so desiiable an obfecL 

Thomas Newtos, Plre»ient, 
Rkhabd Blow, 

Norfolk, Not. 16th, 1804. 

Produce of the Mill? and Tolls of the Dismal Swamp Canal, from 
AujfUi^t 2nd, 1802, to the 5th of May, 1804, rix: 

18^12. — By so much earned by the MiU from Janoarr 2nd last, to this 

date, as pV Sam! Weston's accH settled, - - - - »1,212 93 

181*3.— Jan'y 18th, by Do. from Aug. 2nd to this date^ - 

July 1st *• Tolls rec'd by Wst'n to this date pV ac\ 
'^ ^ ^ (ash rec'd from Th's. Wallace ac\ tolls, 
18<M. — May 5th ** \m\ of saw mill ac't earned to this day, 
'• •* ""of grist mill acc't Do. 

• Toll of shingles from Apl 6, to July 6, 1803, 
'• "* Do. from July 6, to this day. 

Staves ------ 



4* 4* »4 

4W 11 

915 37 

'233 00 

920 94 

W3 44 

329 (X) 

696 -36 

8 85 

•5,459 00 

Dan'l L. Hylton to the Coukcil. 

Nov. \u There has been sevemi returns made this day from Counties a great 
distance, particularly the Counties of Monongalia and Tazewell; tbe 

DftiaSCJiAT f^-^^JT^^* ^'WW^ 

li^ TUTlfr- ^OmSrMffi ■ V TUT^- tTiffV} Timr^ >i: t^***!?**^- t • '^ 



t- *■ :- 

V • - • 






UTBr CHCir: 

. . *. 

1 I:** •• 

.rC 1 T 

: 1 

to fin the vaemncy it. ^ cwctt^^ iW*5»*m>w^» h> 0^>»i ^»>f??^^>N N^S'^^ \ VSN^\* 

The Sheriff of Kinham-^v, voi: wiH ?a<^^ fS>«\ fht^ <SxV ^M t^^v\SMn♦^H^^ 
hasmn come forward as the Ijiir 4m>>lsi, fru^w W^M *>v^^^u \\v \\\i 
iailed is not vet known. 

1 am. Sin vowr, ^'^x. 

MhoHrt \\\ \\\\\W\\\\\\\\ Vu 

W"m. B. Giles and ANnRicw Mudmm, NwNAhinn I'^IMMi MiUN. 


Your favor of the JtHh IriHiiiiti, with ll*i MM^In^MfM, H»<«' Au\y N/rl\'/;| 
and we have ^iven to it^ t'nuU*uim fh** Uitm^ thMfiht'^t^i /'/»//"(/|/ /f^/l/i/, 
Tlie reef#er-tive claifiH ma/h? on Um' fmti fft ^f}tuhiiH H^H}tH ttif if/,'iHt 
i/ietit of the rijiM ^is)ii^ f$r*i tittw HuA^f Htf^UiHH^hHi H^ ////. f,^f,f,i-^ 

•*itr'itfii!f» vonm. »«• 'h*» iti'irt^ ff*#*fV|#w#^f/%^« /-./<yir/ ,a -V./ f.^» \f .. ,f , , 
It rfaesfssc momlf. I'i' -liM^ :*M^ ^A'?*f* r/^vff* M/Myi/f'-^i .f,< j //r-?'* 


1 1 •• 



1804. ture, the time would be both uncertain and unknown, at least at this 
Nov. 28 distance from the place of meeting, for it sometimes happens that there 
in no efficient meeting of either branch of the I>egislature on the day 
fixed for that pur{K>se, and it often happens that there is a meeting of 
one Branch and not of the other that day. Both these interpretations 
would be attended with many serious inconveniences. The State might 
on the most important questions be lefl without a vote. 

In the event of its members being on committees, and particularly if 
either of them should be chairman of a committee, however important 
the business might be to the State^ it would either be arrested from them 
or suspended until the pleasure of the Legislature should be known 
resiKKiting the appointments. 

The meml>ere themselves during the interval, would be left at their 
own expenses in an unpleasant state of suspence, and in case of a reap- 
I>ointment, according to the rules of the Senate, would be entitled to 
receive their travelling expenses to and from their respective homes, 
which would amount to more than the per diem allowance unless the 
interval should be very considerable. 

Other consequences of a similar nature would probably arise from the 
foregoing constructions. 

Under these considerations, and also under an impression that the 
words may be construed to relate to the time of the meeting of the Legis- 
lature for the particular purpose of reviewing Executive appointments, 
we have determined, unless some exception should be taken thereto, from 
some other quarter, to continue in the execution of our official duties 
until the pleasure of the L^slature shall be known respecting the 
appointments. We have at the same time thought it our duty to com- 
municate our doubts in these respects to you, and the more so, as we are 
advised that our predecessor, Col. Taylor, thought under similar circum- 
stances that his office absolutely ceased on the day fixed by law for the 
meeting of the Legislature. 

That you may, if it should be deemed advisable, present the subject 
to the General Assembly for their consideration. 

Be pleased, sir, to accept assurances of our most respectful considera- 

James B. Richardson, Governor of South Carolina, to the 


Nov. 2S, I hA\e duly received your communications accompanying your letter 

^j"™^i* of the 5th instant, which respects a flagitious outrage committed against 

the peace and dignity of the State over which you have the honor to 

])reside, by George Foley and Joseph Morel, who it appears are charged 

with the commitment of the murder of Lewis L'Orient Receive assu- 


ranees of my causing the most efficient measures to be used for the 1804. 
discovery and arrest of the said fugitives from justice should they come nl^^'^^j 
within the Hmits of the State of South Carolina, and so soon as the same S. C. 
should be effected, will advise you immediately thereof. Suffer me fur- 
ther to assure you, sir, of my readiness at all times to reciprocate with 
you in the suppression of villainy. 

I am, &c. 

State House for the Commonwealth of Virginia, 

Richmond, 6th December^ I8O4. 

Received of Major Samuel Coleman a sword, belt, &c., for John Jouett, 
Esq., of the State of Kentucky, which was voted him by the L^islature 
of Virginia for meritorious services rendered in the *year . 

John Fowler. 
♦1781.— Ed. 

Dfxh^mber 6th, 1805. 

Received of the Electors of President and Vice President of the United 
States, a paper containing the return of their votes for President and Vice 
President, made on yesterday, to be kept by me according to law. 

Cyrus Grif^n, District Judge. 

Price and Underwood, Superintendents, to the Governor. 

Representing the Public Warehouse to be an unsafe depository for Dec. 7, 
Tobacco on account of leakage. ^hoiS!^^ 

Rockbridge County, to-wit: 

John Bowyer, Charles Campbell, John Houston and John McCau- Dec. 8 
key are aged and infirm and very seldom attend court. 

John Gay, Joseph Walker, James Gilmore, William Moore, David 
Edmundson, Matthew Hanna, James Caruthers, Jas. McDowell, John 
Caruthers, (present Sheriff) Alexander Shields, John Wilson, Joseph 
Grigby, Wm. Lyle, John Leybum. William Wilson and Andrew Finley 
are the Magistrates who principally give their attendance in court; all the 
others are dead, removed out of the county, and disqualified by accepting 
offices under the Government of the United States, except James Camp- 
bell who has not for some time past taken his seat in court, and now is 


1804. said to be removed out of the county. Andrew Finley is said to keep 
Dec. 8 ^Y^Q pQg|. Office at Brownsburg, and Andrew Alexander was commissioned 
the second day of January, 1802, but has not yet qualified. 

I, Andrew Reid, clerk of the court of said county, do hereby certify 
that I believe that the above is a correct statement of the Magistrates 
commissioned for this county, except as to the removal of James Camp- 
bell, and Andrew Finley keeping the Post Office, which are circumstances 
not within my own knowledge but from information. 

A. Reid, C. R C. 
Dec. 8th, 1804. 

Martin Mims to the Governor. 

Dec. 10, In obedience to a request contained in your letter dated 24th of Sep- 

Penitentiary Member, I enclose you a * statement of the accounts of the Jail and 
Penitentiary house, being a summary of the payments for raw materials, 
tools, maintenance of prisoners, clothing ditto, stationery, Keejier's com- 
missions, and amount paid sundry prisoners when discharged. 

Also amount received for manufactured articles sold. &c., from the 5th 
December, 1803, to the 1st of December, 1804. 

I am, &c. 
* Statement not found. — Ed. 

Bbnj. Day, Mayor, to the Governor. 

Dec. 13, I beg it to be attributed to my absence from town that I have not 
Fredericks- sooner acknowledged the receipt of the letter you did me the honor of 
addressing to me the 19th ultimo, accompanying an extract from the 
Journal of the Executive Council, dated 3rd of November. I have com- 
municated it to the Magistracy of this Corporation. They have been 
particularly active in their exertions to suppress the baneful practice of 
Gaming, and I flatter myself will continue to do the best they can in 
obedience to the recommendation of the Executive. 

I am, <&a 

Price and Underwood to the Governor. 

Dec. 13 Infonning him of complaints of the unsafe condition of the Public 

Warehouse on account of rain driving under the eaves of the roof and 
wetting the Tobacca 
Recommending that a floor be laid in the upper story for storing Flour. 



Samuel Shepard to Samuel Coleman. 

An act of Assembly of '96 directed the Treasurer to subscribe for one 
hundred shares in the Appomattox Canal Company, which at $100 each, 
is $10,000, and an act of the session of 1801 directed a further subscrip- 
tion of twenty-five shares at $100 each, makes in the whole $12,500. 
There was no specific appropriation until the session of 1801, when 
$1,000 was appropriated, and at the session of 1802, $500, and in 1803, 
the further sum of $750 was appropriated. 

I am, &c. 

Mr. Shepard is requested to state in writing that the last payment of 
625 Dollars was made, 500 Dollars thereof on the appropriation of the 
5()0 Dollars, and 125 Dollars in part of the last appropriation of 750 
Dollars, if it was so. 

S. Coleman. 

Appomattox Canal Co. 

To the Commonwealth, Dr. 

1 797— March 4, to a warrant for $2,000 

" Dec. 14, Do. 2,000 

1798— Jan'y 22, Do. 2,000 

1799— April 9, Do. 2,000 

1801— Dec. 11, Do. 1,000 

1802— Oct. 18, Do. 1,000 

1804— Jan'y 11, Do. 625 


S. Shepard. 


Dec. 14, 



Samuel Shepard to Samuel Coleman. 

The warrants for six hundred and twenty-five dollars that issued on 
the 11th of January last, were considered by me as the first requisition 
of the additional subscription to the Appomattox Canal Company made 
t)y the Treasurer in behalf of the State pursuant to the enclosed order 
of Council. I certainly could not then consider the $125 as a part of 
the $750 appropriated by an act of Assembly that passed subsequent to 
the issuing of the warrants above mentioned. 

If I have mistaken the sense of the order of Council can only say that 
I am sorry for it. 

I am, &C. 

Dec. 15, 





Ro. Anderson to the Governor. 

1804. Informing him of the bad condition of the arras in possession of the 

Williams- Williamsburg Militia, as found by him on assuming command, and 
burg requesting an exchange for good arms. 

Dec. 25, 

Robert Mitchell, Mayor, to the Governor. 

Having a moment of time to spare, I take that opportunity of acknowl- 
edging the receipt of your letter enclosing the advice of our Council of 
State, bearing date the 3rd of last November, and yours of the 19th of 
same month. It did not come to hand at that date or for many days 
after. I have done all in my power to prevent that evil of unlawful 
Gaming within this city pointed out by you ; besides, it encourages the 
unguarded youth in Idleness, vice, and Immorality. You may depend 
on my doing all in my power to prevent such violation of our laws, and 
punish them when detected. 

Your favor of the 24th Inst, came very late to hand on the evening of 
that day. Had I rece'd it early in the day, I might have had it more in 
my power to have its contents put in execution more compleat in order 
to comply with your wish and my own desire. On the 23rd Inst. I 
wrote Maj'r Wolfe to furnish a Serg't Guard out of the militia, in order 
to aid our city Patrol to patrol the city and its Jurisdiction during the 
Christmas Holydays, which has been complyed with, but it does appear 
to me to be impossible to prevent firing what is called Christmas Guns, 
being an old established custom, although there is an ordinance of the 
city police fixing a fine of 5s. for every ofience of firing Guns within tliis 
city. The addition of the militia to the .city patrol may prevent in part 
the evil pointed out to me in your letter. 

I am, &c.. 

Dec. 25, 



John Clarke to the Governor. 

In my letter of 22 September, addressed to you, I stated the cause 
which prevented an increase of the number of Artificers, and kept but a 
small force employed in the Manufactory of Arms the present year. A 
repetition of that cause at this time is therefore deemed unnecessary. 
Permit me now to present you a statement of the progress made in the 
operations of making arms in the year between the first of December, 
1803, and the 1st December, 1804, in which year we have manufactured 
the following articles, viz. 

[Then follows list unnecessary to copy here. — Ed.] 


It will appear by the documents which have been laid before the 1804. 
Executive, that the expenses charged to account of the operations of the ^!jj»f?' 
Manufactory of Arms between the let December, 1803, and the 1st of Arms 
Dec'r, 1804, amount to thirty-two thousand five hundred and twelve 
dollars and thirty-three cents. A part of that sum, however, has been 
applied to the making of numerous tools and apparatus required for the 
various operations of making arms, and also to the purchase of bedding, 
&c., for the artificers, which articles are rather to be considered as neces- 
sary appendages of the institution than immediately appertaining to the 
actual manufacture. Since my last annual report on the subject of the 
operations of this establishment, the machinery, &c., of the East wing of 
the manufactory has been put in motion, and both wings being now in 
operation, the works are ready for a much greater force than has been 
employed there. And beside Muskets, we have commenced the manu- 
facture of Rifles, Swords, and Pistols. We have lately been reinforced 
by about thirty artificers, making the whole number at present employed 
amount to eighty-seven, including boys and rough hands, and we yet 
expect a small increase of the number. 

It afifords me much pleasure to announce to the patriots under whose 
auspices this institution has been founded and supported, that as far as 
it has progressed, it fully answers the most sanguine expectations I had 
formed of its success, and that, besides being a nursery for useful arti- 
zans, it promises to be an economical establishment. 

But let me again suggest the propriety of permitting apprentices to be 
taught the several branches of making arms at the Virginia Manufactory. 
At present we cannot, under the authority of any existing law, engage to 
supply apprentices at the public expense with food, cloathing, and a 
small share of plain educa