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TANFORD UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES STANFORD UNIVERSITY LI BRARI 



STANFORD university libraries STANFORD university lie 



■UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES STANFORD UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 



LIBRARIES STANFORD UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES STANFORD 



STANFOR' 



t. 



CALENDAR 






OK 



VIRGINIA STATE PAPERS 



AM> 



OTHER MANUSCRUTS, 



KIJnM 



AUGUST 11, 1792, TO DECEMBER 31, 1793, 



PRESERVED IN THE CAPITOL AT RICHMOND. 



ARRANGED AND EDITED 

BY 

SUERWIN McRAE. 



VOLUME vr. 



RICHMOND: 

A. R. MICOU. SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC PRINTING. 

1886. 




Entered accordintf to an Act of Cnngreaa, 

BY THK SECRETARY OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 

For the StHte of Virginia, in thts 0(R<x of the Librariaa of Cungresa at Washington. 



JAMES E. UOOUE, Pbintbb. EVERETT WADDY, Bisdeb. 




The billy which is the initial paper in the Sixth Volume of the Calendar of the 
Virginia State Papers, is one ot the raost important documents in the archives of 
Virginia. This document is essential to the history of probably the most critical 
period of the United States, as in the claim of this company and the suit to enforce 
it, were involved the very existence of Virginia as a State and the formation and 
perpetuity of the Union. 

The bill in this case is not only ajegal paper of great ability, but it is a 
source of historic facts, thoughts ind qu6s{k)n8;of ihe highest value. The Indiana 
Company was proceeding to colpnizo/the Northwestern Territory under Indian 
titles as early as 1776, in total disregard of- Virginia's rights, when on June the 
24th, 1776, the Convention resolved, **That no purchase of lands within the char- 
tered limits of Virginia shall be made under any pretence, from any Indian tribe or 
nation, without the approbation of the Legislature." To enforce this resolution 
four commissioners were appointed by the Convention "to collect and take the evi- 
dence on behalf of this government against the several persons pretending to claim 
lands within the limits thereof, under deeds and purchases from the Indians, and 
are empowered to call before us any witness or witnesses," giving to the parties 
interested notice of the time and place when and where such evidence would be 
taken. 

These vigorous proceedings of the Convention arrested this company in its bold 
career. The great questions, Indian titles — Virginia's title — Virginia's charter of 
1609 — the continental doctrine of title by discovery, are discussed, some of them 
elaborately, in the bill of the Indiana Compan}'. The most important question, 
however, to which this claim gave rise is the probable effect which would have 
been produced by the success of this company. Afler the colonial period, the 
refusal of Virginia to recognize the validity of the Indiana Companj^'s claim, held 
the colonization of the west in check until our independence was established ; until 
the Union was cemented by time and experience, and the Atlantic States became 
capable of colonizing the west without depopulating themselves. Whether the 
course of Virginia towards the Indiana company was beneficial to the United 
States as well as to herself, a truthful history of the United States from 1768 to 
1798, will determine. Virginia's influence on the destiny of the United States, 
resulting from her firm and unwavering defence of her entire territory, as described 
in the charter of 1609, the Virginia constitution of 1776, and the treaty of peace 
in 1783, must necessarily become one of the most important subjects of future his- 
tory — a subject never heretofore duly considered. In historical studies, the influ- 
ence which shapes the destiny of nations must ever be the chief object of pursuit. 

This volume as a contribution to history, will be found to contain much new 
matter prolonged by its chronology to the succeeding volume, now nearly completed. 



'^ 



KRRATA. 

On page 454, for ** William Marshall, couiplainant," read *' William VasBall, oomplainant." 
On page 171, line 14 from top, for " 1985," read " 1785." 




LH 



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SM W 



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CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. 

INDIANA COMPANY. 

1792. 

William Grayson & othkrs v,s. Thk Commonwealth of Virginia — August 11th 

A bill in equity. 

• 

To James Innes, Esq., 

Aftornry-GenenU of the Commonwealth of Virginia: 

By virtue of a writ of* subjKwiia to you dirueted and herewith to you 
nhewn, you are re([uire<l to be and appear on behalf of the common- 
wealth of Virginia, bef«)re the Hupreme court of the United States, 
holding pleaa in equity on the fourth (iay of February, in the year of 
our Lord one thounand seven hundred and ninety-three, at the seat of 
government, to answer concerning those things which shall be objected 
to the said commonwealth in a bill in eciuity now depending in the said 
court, wherein WilJiam (iruyson and others are complainants and the 
said commonwealth is defendant; and to do further and receive on 
behalf of the said commonwealth what the said court shall have con- 
sidered in this behalf; and this you ma}' in no wise omit under the pen- 
alty of four hundred dollai's. 

r>ated the eleventh day of August, in the 3'ear of our Lord one thous- 
and .seven hundred and ninety-two. 

BENJAMIN R. MORGAN, 

Solicitor for Complainants. 

In the Su[)reme Court of the United States. 

To the Honorable John Jay, esquire. Chief Justice, and his associates, 
judges of the Supreme court of the United States, sitting in chancery : 

Humbly complaining, shew unto your honoi*s, 3our orators, William 
Grayson and Charles Grayson, George Grayson and Hebe Grayson, by 
their next friend, the said William Grayson, Levi Hollingworth, Simon 



I 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Nathan, Isaac Wharton, KiclianI Wharton, John Todd, the younger, 
August nth and James Todd, Sarah Trent. Sannicl and Anno Rayinon<l. Nathan and 
Mary Beeks, and John Trent, Finances Reed, John and Elizabeth An- 
drews, Isabella Mclntire, Willnun and Anne Irwin, George and Mary 
Thompson, Thomas and Martha Dunean, Catherine Callendar and 
Robert Callendar, by W^illiaiu Irwin, his next ii'iend, David Franks, 
Joseph Sinnnons, TiOvy Andrew Levy. Thomas Smallman. George Wil- 
liam Prevost, Augustine Provost, the younger, and James Provost, 
Henry Prevost, Jjouisa Prevost, Charlotte Prevost, and Susanna Pre- 
vost, bv Aui^uslino Provost, their next tVien<l, Edward Pennington, Rob- 
ert Morri.s, Joseph Galloway, and William Pollard. Samuel Wharton, 
administrator of John Welch, deceased, Margaret Welch, John Welch, 
(icrard Welch, Joseph Welch, Abraham and Anne Morrow, James and 
Mary Pi'ange. and Margaret Sturdivan, Edmund Moran, Evan Shelby, 
Samuel Postlethwaite, John (iibson, Edward Colo, the heirs of Dennis 
Croghan, whoso narui's aro at ])rosent urdcnown to the rest of your oi'atoi's, 
Avho therefore pray for leave to amend their bill by adding the names 
of the boil's of the said Doniiis Croghan as soon as it is in their power 
so to do, Catherine Thom|)sonj (leorge Thoni]>son, Robert Thompson, 
William Thompson, George and Mary Read, Galbraith and Catherine 
Patterson. Juliana Thompson, and Elizabeth Thompson, Richard Neave, 
John Dundas, Burnett Dundas, by Henry Pratt, his next frien<l, Anna 
Dundas, Henry and Elizabeth Pratt, Frederick William and Mary Star- 
man, and Sarah Eliza Scriba, by her next friend, George Scriba, Wil- 
liam Floyd, John Stephen Guernet, Joseph Jacques de Pionerie, William 
Edgar, William Temple Frardvlin, Joseph Galloway, Owen and Mary 
Jones, and William Fisher, by his next friend, James Cole Fisher, Tench 
Coxe, George Morgan, Thomas Payne, and James Wilson,; that when 
the continent of North America was discovered b}' European navigatoi's, 
it was in ])ossession of many different nations of Indians, who had 
owned and iidiabited the same fnun a lime to which neither tradition 
nor history extend; that the numerous adventurers who were encour- 
aged by their sovereigns, and iiuluced by various motives to migrate 
from Europe to the said continent, were received by the said nations of 
Indians, in most instances, in a friendly manner, and large tracts of 
land were from time to time ceded to them to plant and enjoy; that 
although in some instances it was deemed lawful to take possession by 
force, of the lands of the natives, under the pretence of converting 
them frou) their idolatrous o])inions, yet the sovoreigns of Europe 
in general, and particularly the kings of England, in assuming a right 
founded on the discovery of regions to colonize thenj with their sub- 
jects, di<l nr)t disj>uto or deny the rights of ownership in those who 
were found in possession of thoni. nor extend their claims further than 
to the right of purchasing, and of preventing the interference of other 
Kuropeav nations iti the same territories; that it was only in relation 
to eftch other that tbv* right of discovery was asserted by European 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 3 

powers, and it was onl>' deemed to jireclude their com])etitors from pur- 1792. 
chasing of the natives, the hind within the limits of the discovery; that August 11th 
founded on the discoveries of John and Sehastion Cahot, and otljei*s, the 
right of the kings of Enghmd was deemed to ineludc the North Ameri- 
can continent from the thirty-second to the seventieth deijree of north 
latitude, and to extend westward, in the opinion of those times, to the 
south sea. 

That under the different Eni^iish monarclis charters were i^ranted of 
lands being within the limils aforesaid, and colonies sent out in order lo 
increase the trade, and enh\rge tlie em])ire of Enghmd. That the 
attempts made in the reign of Elizabeth, queen of England, to settle 
colonies in this country havini»: failed, James the first, on the sixth of 
Aprd, one thousand six hundred and six, granteti a patent to Sir Thomas 
Gates and others, ])ermitting them to settle and inhabit at any place 
upon the coast of Virginia or America between thirty-four and forty-one 
degrees of north latitude, and granting to them and to such others as 
should join them in establishing a colony, all the lands for the space of 
fifty miles each way, on the sea cost, from the first seat of their planta- 
tion, "and fifly miles directly into the maiidand. iVnd \)y the same 
patent, Thomas Hanham and others received a grant of and were author- 
ized to settle and inhabit a tract of land of the same size, and de- 
scribed in the same manner. That the names of the fii*st and second 
colonies of Virginia were respectively appropriated to these companies 
of adventurers; the whole continent of Ncn-th America having in honor 
of Queen Elizabeth received the aj)pellation of Virgitjia. 

That in the year one thousand six huixlred and nine, another patent 
was granted by the same king to Robert, Earl of Salisbury, and a num- 
ber oi otheini} for all the lands in that partof Ami;rica called Virginia, from 
the point of land called Cape or Point Comfort all along the sea coast 
to the northward two hundred miles, an<l from the said point of Ca|)e 
Comfort all along the sea coast to the southward two hundred miles; 
and all that space and circuit of land lying from the sea coast of 
the pi^ecinct aforesaid, up into the land throughout from sea to sea. west 
and north west. That under this charter and grant of limits so inacu- 
rately described, a settlement took place which did not extend far from 
the sea coast. That in the year one thousand six hundred and twenty- 
four, hy a judgement obtained in a ([uo-warnvnto, or by some other 
mean.<i. this charter was seized into the hands of King James the fii*st,' 
or was voluntarily surrendered by the members tht^'eof, or lost by non- 
nser, whereby its legal existence was destroyed, and Virginia ceased to 
be a proprietary Government, afid from that |)eriod until the declara- 
tion of Independence, was governed under the immediate authority of 
the Crown, without an}' regard to the wilil and uncertain limits con- 
tained in the charter of one thousand six hundred and nine. Its north- 
ern and southern boundaries were afterwards fixed and ascertained by 
the charters of Maryland an<l the two Carolinas, granted in the vears 



i 



4 CALENDAll OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. one thousand six huniireci and ihirtv-lwo. one thousand six hundred 
August 11th and sixty three, and one thousand six hundred and sixty-five, but since 
the extinction of the said charter of one thousand six hundred and 
nine, its western boundaries have not been described bv anv i^rant or 
charter whatever. The settlements, however, i^radually extended from 
the sea coast into the countrv westward, under the Governoi*s and the 
authority' ot the Crown of England; but that the indeterminate extent 
under the charter of one thousand six hundred and nine, was not con- 
templated by the inhabitants themselves, is evident from many of their 
own acts and declarations. 

Your orators further set forth that a considerable traffic wjis carrie<i 
on for many yeai's by those who were then the subjects of the Crown 
of Great Britain, with the Indians, with whom large quantities of Euro- 
pean goods were aniMuvlly exchanged for fui*s and peltries, the produce 
of their hunting. That in the year one thousand seven hundred and 
sixty-three, some of the Indians of the Sliawanese and other tribes, 
violently seized and carried off the property of your orators, and those 
under whom the}' claim, to the amount of eighty-five thoust^nd nine 
hundred and sixteen pounds ten shillings an<l eight ])ence, New York 
currency. That the Indians who committed thi^ outrjige belonged to 
the tribes which were tributaries to the Six Nations, to whom applica- 
tion was made for redress. That a sense of justice which is frequently 
found in the most uncultivated nations, admitted their claim, and Sir 
William Johnson, on behalf of the sufferers, had the satisfaction of 
comploating a transaction, which, while it was thought to compensate 
your oratoin* and those under whom they claim for the full amount of 
their losses, has unfortunately involved them in difficulties unfoi-seen, 
and excited pretensions till then unknown. This transaction took place 
at Fort Stanwix, in one thousand seven hundred and sixty-eight, where 
a number of Chiefs of the several tribes of Mohawks, Onondagoes, Sen- 
ecas, Oneidas, Cayugas, Tuscaroras, Shawanese, and Dela wares, were 
met by Sir William Johnson, the Royal Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 
by the Governor, and Chief Justice of New Jersey, and by the Com- 
missioners for Pennsylvania. That on this occasion a conveyance was 
made by them, in the ])re8ence of many respectable witnesses, and with 
the full assent and approbation of Thomas Walker, by whom Virginia 
was represented, to George the third. King of <»reat Britain, and the 
dominion thereunto belonging, for the ex|)ress use and behoof of Wil- 
liam Trent, Robert Callen<lar, David Franks, Joseph Simons, Levy 
Andrew Levy, Philip Boyle, John Baynton, Samuel VVarton, Gec»rge 
Morgan, Joseph Spear, Thonuis Smalhnan, Samuel Wharton, adminis- 
trator of J<din Welch, decease<l, Edmund .Moran, Evan Shelby, Samuel 
Postlethwaite, John Gibson, Richard Winston, Dennis Croghan, William 
Thompson, Abraham Mitchell, James Dundas, Thomas Dundas, and 
John Ormsby, a copy of which deed is hereunto annexed, marked with 
the letter *' A," which your orators pray may be taken as part of their bill. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



Thus your Orators, David Frankfl, Samuel Wharton, George Morgan, 1792. 
Joseph Simons, Levy Andrew Levy, Thomas Smallman, Samuel Postle- August Uth 
thwaite, Edmund Moran, Evan Shelby, and William Trent, Philip 
Boyle, John Baynton, Joseph Spear, John Gibson, Richard Winston, 
Dennis Croghan, William Thompson, Robert Callendar, Abraham Mit- 
chell, James Dundas, Thomas Dundas, and John Ormsby, under whom 
the rest of your oraloi*s claim, became seized by a sufficient conveyance 
from the first occupants and actual ownei*s for a valuable consideration 
of all that tract of land in the said conveyance mentioned and described, 
and to which the name of Indiana was afterwards given. And your 
Oratore humbly submit that the said Grant was good and valid in law, 
and more especially so in equity, without any subsequent confirmation 
to render it so; which confirmation is unjustly contended on the part of 
the said commonwealth of Virginia to have been necessary. Your 
Orators further beg leave to suggest that at the time this deed was exe- 
cuted, the whole of the tract of land therein mentioned and described, 
was unsettled and unoccupied, except by the Indians belonging to the 
tribes >vho made the said conveyance; nor had the}^ or their ancestors 
ever made an}- j)revious grant or conveyance thereof, and that it was 
not known or believed that Virginia laid claim to it; nor can it be sup- 
posed that the Commissioner from Virginia would have suffered in 
silence a convej'ance to be made of land, to which that province was 
entitled, and still less, that he would have testified the assent of Vir- 
ginia, by subscribing his name as a witness thereto; and what shews 
still more strongly the Equity of 3'our Orators' case, is that had an 
objection been ma<le at the time, they might without difficulty have had 
another spot allotted to them, and thus have avoided the unfortunate 
contest in which they have been involved. That after obtaining this 
Deed, some time unavoidably elapsed before the several persons inter- 
ested could be noiified the proportions to which they were respectively 
entitled, adjusted, and proper powei*s of Attorney obtained from those 
who could not personallj' attend; and it was not until the twenty-first 
day of September, in the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 
five, that a general meeting of the parties took place. That informa- 
tion was then received that since the said tract of land had been granted 
to them, some persons had intruded on it, and formed settlements there- 
on, without a pretence of right. That a desire to exhibit that moderate 
and reasonable conduct to which your orators, and those under whom 
they claim have at all times adhered, induced them to give public notice, 
that such pei*sons should be assured of peaceable poh session, on the 
terois of the General Land Ofiice, which would shortly be opened for 
the sale of the said lands. That afterwards, to-wit: on the nineteenth 
day of January, in the 3'ear one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 
six, deeds of lease and release were executed, by which your said Ora- 
torio David Frank, Joseph Simons, Lev}' Andrew Levy, Samuel Whar- 
ton, George Morgan, Richard Neave, William Edgar, Joseph Galloway, 



6 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 

1792. and William Trent, Robert Callendar, John Chevalier, Peter Chevalier, 
August 11th Joseph Bullock, Peter Baynton, Thomas Wharton, William Franklin, 
Jolin Ormshy, William Thompson, and Edward Cole, under whom, or 
some of whom the rest of your orators claim, conveyed the premises 
in fee simple to Richard Bache. Owen Jones, Junior, and Isaac Whar- 
ton, of the city of Philadelphia, merchants, up(m certain trusts and to 
certain uses, for the benefit of your orators, and those under whom the3' 
claim, as will more particularly appear from the inspection of the <leed 
of conveyance, which your orators* hav^e ready to ])roduce, and to which 
tor the sake of brevity, they be^ leave to refer, without setting forth 
the same more particularl}'; and your orators further set forth that 
pursuant to the powers in the sai<l deed reserved, your Orators, David 
Franks, Joseph Simon, Levy Andrew Levy, Samuel Wharton, William 
Edgar, Richard Neavo, Ueorge Morgan, and Joseph Gallowa}', and also 
William Trent, Robert ('allendar, John Chevallier, Peter Clievallier, 
Joseph Bullock, Peter Baynton, Thomas Wharton, William Franklin, 
John Ormsby, William Thompson, and Edward Cole, under whom, or 
some of whom, the rest of your orators claim, on the twentieth of Jan- 
uary, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, entered into mutual 
covenants and agreements for the purpose of regulating their concerns 
in an orderly and proper manner, as will more particularly appear from 
the inspection of the articles thereof, which your orators have ready to 
produce, and to which they for the sake of brevity beg leave to refer, 
without setting forth the same more particularly; but your orators have 
hereunto annexed a schedule marked "B,'' referred to in the last men- 
tioned deed, which sets forth the number of shares to which the said 
David Franks, Joseph Simon, Levy Andrew Levy, John Baynton, Sam- 
uel Wharton, William Edgar, Richard Neave, George Morgan, and Jos- 
eph Galloway, and also William Trent, Robert Callendar, John Cheval- 
lier, Peter Chevallier, Joneph Bullock, Peter Baj'nton, Thomas Wharton, 
William Franklin, John Ormsby, William Thompson, and Edward Cole, 
were respectively entitled; and on the twentieth day of March, one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, a general meeting took place, 
pursuant to the forms agreed upon, as aforesaid, and it was then deter- 
mined to open a Land office for the sale of the said tract of Land as 
wufi before promised to the settlers upon the said tract, although they 
had intruded themselves thereon, without title or pretence of title ; 
and that all persons who before the first day of January, one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy -six, had manifested their intention of settling 
any part ot the said land by bona fide improvements made thereon, 
should be entitled to a warrant for a tract not exceeding tour hundred 
acres respectively, including such improvements, provided application 
should be made for the same before th(^ first day of January, one thous- 
and seven hundred and seventy-seven. 

That the same price was affixed to e^uch purchases as to those which 
should be made by strangers, to-wit: fifty dollai^s, or the value thereot, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



ill current moncv ot any of llie noii^hborini^ colonics, for one hundred 1792. 
acres, inclinUng an allowance of six per cent, for i*oads and highways, August 11th 
without any quit rt^nt. That your Orator, (ieorge Morgan, was ap- 
pointed Socretar}' and Receiver-General of the said Land otticc, as a])- 
peara by an extract from the said resolutions, which is hereunto 
annexed, marked '*(','' which your orators pray may be taken as a part 
of their Bill. 

That on tiio first day of April, one thousand seven hundred and seven- 
ty-six, public notice was given by advertisement, a copy of which is 
hereunto annexed, marked " 1)." which your orators prav may be taken 
as a part of their I^ill. That a Land office for the disj)osal of sai<l land 
would be opened on the premises on the first day of the month of May 
then next ensuing, to continue till the first day of next following Janu- 
ary. That to remove any apprehensions which ignorance of the title 
might induce, information was at the same time given that your orator, 
George Morgan would exhibit title deeds to all persons applying, and 
furnish them witli attested coj>ies of the Indian grant aforesaid. 

In the Spring of the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 
six, your orator, George Morgan, i>roceeded to the River Ohio, in order 
to effectuate the aforesaid j)ropositions; but before the necessary' steps 
could be taken, and before any application was made to him for pur- 
cbase.**, he received a (^oj)y of the following resolution passed in the con- 
vention of the State of Virginia: 

In Convention of Virginia, June 24, 177G. 

Whereas divere petitions from the Inhabitants of the Western Fron- 
tiers have been presented to this Convention, complaining of exorbi- 
tant demands made on them for lands claimed by persons pretending 
to derive titles from Indian deeds an<l ])urchases, 

Resolved that all persons actually settled on any of the said lands 
ought to bold the same without paying any pecuniary or other con- 
sideration whatever to any private person or pei'sons, until the said 
petitions, as well as the validity of the title under such Indian deeds or 
purchases shall have been considered and determined on by the Legis- 
lature of this country ; and that all persons who are now actuall}^ set- 
tled on any unlocated or unapprojiriated lands in Virginia, to which 
there is no other just ('laim, shall have the pre-emj)tion or ])referencc 
in the grants of such lands. 

Resolved, that no purchases of lands within the chartered linuts of 
Virginia shall be ma<le under any pretence whatever, from any Indian 
tribe or nation, without the approbation of the Legislature. 

(Signed) EDMUND PENDLETON, 

President. 



8 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. That to your oi'ator, George Morgan, this unexpected and unaccount- 

August 11th able interference occasioned great surprise, which was increased by 
receiving soon afterwards the following notice: 

Virginia, Pittsburgh, July 25, 1776. 

To George Morgan, Esq., 
Sir: 

We are are appointed by a resolution of the Convention of 
Virginia. Commissioners to collect and take the evidence on behalf of 
this Government, against the several persons pretending to claim lands 
within the limits thereof, under deeds and purchases from the Indians, 
and are empowered to call before us any witness or witnesses, at such 
times and places as we shall appomt, giving the claimers under such 
Indian deeds and purchases respectively, his or their Agent or Agents, 
at least twent}^ days' notice thereof in writing; and also to attend the 
examination of such witnesses as shall be produced in support of such 
claims. And being informed that you are one of the proprietors of the 
grant made to the suffering traders by the Six Nations of Indians, and 
Agent for the grantees, we do, in pursuance of the above-mentioned 
resolution, hereby give you notice that we shall proceed to take the ex- 
amination of sundry witnesses at Pittsburg, on the second day of Sep- 
tember next, relative to the aforesaid grant. 

Signed, JOHN HARVIE, 

CHARLES SIMMS, 
JAMES WOOD, 
ABRAHAM HITE. 

That by this intervention of a commonwealth so powerful, claiming 
your Orators property as their own, and assuming a right to exercise 
their own laws, and authority over it, your orators were at once excluded 
from the hope ol deriving the expected recompense for their sufferings, 
and enjoying the benefit of the, compensation made to them as aforesaid. 
That those who had thus entered into possession of different parts of the 
tract in question, were encouraged to resist the claims and deride the 
titles of your orators, whereby your orators were compelled to relinquish 
for a time their endeavors to dispose of any part of the land. That the 
said Commissionei*8 did not, however, proceed according to the notice 
thus sent to your orator, George Morgan. That your orators, and those 
under whom they claim, on being convened at the city of Philadelphia, 
in the month of September following, were informed of the said facts, 
but a respect for the character, and an apprehension of the power of 
Virginia, expelled from their minds every thought of resistance. That 
to represent their rights, and to remonstrate against the injuries then 
menaced, was the unanimous determination of the company, and the fol- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. S 

lowing memorial was therefore })repared and presented to the Legislature 1792. 
of Virginia: August 11th 

To THE Representatives of tue Fueemen of the State of Virginia 

IN General Assembly met. 

The memorial of the Proprietoi-s of a traet of land on the Ohio, called 
Indiana, Respeettully sheweth : 

That in the 3'ear one thousand seven hnndre<l and sixty-three, the 
Shawane.se, Delaware, and Huron tribes of Indians, dependants and 
tributaries of tlie six United Nations, contrary to the faith of treaties, 
and in violation ol their rej)e:ite<l promises of protection to the persons, 
sei'vants, and effects of such traders, as should supj>ly them in their own 
country with merchandise, <lid, without the lease cause, most unjustly 
and violently seize u])on and appropriate to their own use, the ujerchan- 
dize and eftects of several of your memorialists and others, under whom 
your memorialists legally claim. That upon application made to the six 
United Nations by Sir William Johnson, Baronet, at the request of the 
said traders, for a reparation of the damages sustained by the depreda- 
tions and violences so committed, they did agree to nuike a compensation 
to the said Tmders, and in ratification. of the said Agreement, at a Treaty 
held at Fort Stanwix, in the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty- 
Eight, in consi<leralion of hlighty-five thousand nine hundred and six- 
teen pounds, ten shillings and eight pence, the amount of the value of 
the damages so sustained, for which the most authentic documents were 
produced, and t!:e justice of them allowed. an<l were deposited in the 
liands of Sir William Johnson, at the request of the Grantors, they, the 
said six United Nations, the true and absolute ownei*sand proprietoni of 
the lands hereafter mentioned, did grant to the said traders, as a retribu- 
tion for the damajLces aforesaid, all that tract of land bci^innini' at the 
Southerl}' si<le of the mouth of the Little Kenhawa (Jreek where it 
empties itself into the River Ohi(>, and running from thence South East to 
the Laurel Hill; thence along the Laurel Hill until it strikes the Monon- 
gahela; thence down the stream of the sai<l River Monongahela accord- 
ing to the several coui-ses thereof, to the Southern Boundary line of the 
pn>vince of Pennsylvania; thence Westerly along the coui*sc of the said 
province boundary line as far as the same shall extend; and from thence 
by the same course to the River Ohio; thence down the said River Ohio 
according to the several courses thereof to the place of beginning. That 
the said grant was obtained after mature consideration of the Grantors 
under the immediate sujierinteiidence of Sir William Johnson, and exe- 
cuted in the presence of the (governor of New Jersey, and others, among 
whom was the Commissioner then attending the General treaty, in behalf 
of the Colony of Virginia. All which will appear manifest by a reference 
to a copy of the deed annexed to this memorial. That your memorialists 
having these fiacls before them, could not observe but with concern, that 

9 



10 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEES. 

1792. the late convention of Virginia, had, by their resolve of the twenty- 
August 11th fourth of June last, laid a foundation for calling in question, among others, 
the validity of the title of your memorialists to the lands so fairly and 
with so much Justice granted to them, and for obstructing them in the 
sale and disposition of their own property. 

First. Because the retribution made to vour memorialists was made 
in the most public and solemn manner, and could or ought not to have 
been a matter unknown to the convention. 

Secondly. Because it originated not only in the firmest principles of 
Justice, established by the laws of nature and nations, but the soundest 
policy. 

Thirdly. Because it had been made by the pei'sons who have been 
acknowledged in all public and general treaties, and truly were at the 
time of the grant the solo owners and proprietors of the lands granted, 
and of consequence having full right to grant the same; and 

Fourthly. Because at the time of the Grant there was no subsisting 
law or ordinance whatsoever, prohibiting pei*sons from accepting a grant 
of Land from the Natives. And yet, if after what has been offered, the 
title of your memorialists should, notwithstanding, at any future time, 
be called into discussion, conscious of the Equity and validity of their 
right, they shall never hesitate to submit it to a proper Judicatory, nor 
to defend it in the ordinary course of Justice. 

Under these circumstances your memorialists confide that the Legis- 
lature of the Colony of Virginia will not, by any act or proceeding what- 
ever, impeach, or in any respect prejudice the title of your memorialists 
so well established on the principles of reason, equity and sound policy. 

Signed by oi*dor and on behalf of the proprietors of Indiana. 

THOMAS WHAKTON, Vice-President. 
Philadelphia, Oct. 1, 1776. 

Yet of this reasonable and moderate address no notice was taken, and 
the Commissioners wore continued for the purposes last aforesaid. Your 
orator, George Morgan, sometime afterwards, received another summons 
as follows: 

To CoL. George Morgan Agent for the Indiana Company. 

Feb. 26, 1776. 

Sir: 

Please take notice, that we shall, pursuant to a resolution of the 
Convention of the Commonwealth of Virginia, on the tenth day of next 
month, at the house of Mr. John Ormsby, in Pittsburg, proceed to take 
the depositions of sundry evidences in behalf of the commonwealth of 
Virginia, relative to the Traders' claims to lands on the waters of the 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. H 



Ohio, within the territory and limitn of Virginia, which the}'^ derive from 1792. 
Indians. Wo are Sir, your humble servants, August 11th 

JAMES WOOD, 
CHARLES SIMMS, 

Commi88lonei*8. 

That 3"0ur orator, Gcorfire Morgan, abstaining from any acknowledge- 
ment of the novel and imaginary pretensions of Virginia, attended the 
said Commissioners at their meeting at Pittsburg, in order, if possible, 
to discover upon what grounds these pretensions were founded. That a 
number of witnesse ; were examined by the said Commissioners with a 
view to support the claim of the Commonwealth of Virginia to the lands 
in question by virtue of conquest and pre-occupancy, which James 
Wood.s, one of the Commissioners from Virginia, then declared to your 
Orator, George Morgan, to be the ground on which they rested their 
title, which testimony, if produced, would support and confirm your 
orators claim; but the Commissioners finding the evidence to be adverse 
to their expectations, dismissed many others without examining them at 
all. That the Commissioners made a Report of their proceedings to the 
Legislature of Virginia, who, however, appeared determined to avow a 
right founded as your Orators conceive on no better grounds than the 
power of enforcing it. That public notice was given for all pei'sons who 
claimed any lands under Indian grants within the dominion or chartered 
limits of Virginia to appear before the Legislature at Williamsburg, on 
the third Monday in May, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine. 
That your orators then denying as they now deny, that the land so 
granted to them, and those under whom they claim, hiy within the 
dominion or the chartered limits of Virginia, it was difficult to determine 
on the proper line of conduct to be pursued, yet called upon as it were 
by name, their absence might have been construed into contempt; the 
hope of convincing Virginia of her error must have been abandoned, and 
they would have irritated the power which they knew they could not re- 
sist. That to appear might be perverted into an acknowledgement of 
territorial rights; yet to appear and to enter into a fair communication 
of titles and exchange of arguments was the most probable mode of 
rectifying the minds of those who were misinformed, and of confirming 
the opinions of those who understood the nature and admitted the 
validity of your Orators' claims. That William Trent therefore attended 
on behalf of j'our Orators, at Williamsburg at the time appointed, when 
your orators' claims were stated, and their rights explained by Counsel 
at the Bar of the House of Delegates. That it was, however, resolved 
by that House "That the Commonwealth of Virginia hath the exclusive 
right of preemption from the Indians of all the lands within the limits 
of its own chartered territory as declared by the Act and Constitution 
of Government in the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six; 



12 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. that no person or persons whatever, have, or ever had, a right to pur- 
August 11th chase any lands within the same from any Indian nation, except only 
pei*sons duly authorized to make such purchases on the public Account 
formerly for the use and benefit of the Colony, and lately of the Com- 
monwealth; and that such exclusive riu;ht of preemption will and ouglit 
to be maintained by this Commonwealth to the utmost of its power. 

"Resolved, That every ])urchase of lands heretofore made by the King 
of Great Britain from anv Indian nation or nations within the before- 
mentioned limits, doth and ought to enure forever to and for the use and 
benefit of this Commonwealth, and to and i\iv no othtu* use or pur|X)se 
whatever. 

"Resolved, therefore. That the deed from the Six nnilo<l Nations of In- 
dians, bearing date on the third <lay of November, one thousand seven 
hundred and sixty-eight, for certain lan<ls between the Alleghany moun- 
tains and the River Ohio, above the mouth of the Ijittle Kenhawa Creek, 
to and for the use und benefit of a certain William Trent, (Tentlenmn, 
in his own right, and as attorne}' for simdry persons in the said deed 
named, as wi^ll as all other deeds which have been or shall be made by 
any Indian or Indians, for lands within the liniits of the charter and 
Territory of Virginia as aforesaid, to or for the use and benefit of any 
private person or j)ersons, shall be, and the same are hereb3' declared 
utterly void, and of no effect." 

That to these resolutions the Senate, after refusing to hear what your 
Oratoi's requeste<l permission to Jirge, acceded on the twelfth of the 
same month. And on the seventeenth of the same month, the following 
Act was passed b}- the I^egislature of Virginia: ''To remove and j>re- 
vent all doubts concerning purchases of lanris from the Indian Natives, 
Be it declared by the (ieneral Assembly, that this Commr>n wealth hath 
the exclusive right of preemption from the In<iians, of all lands within 
the limits of its own chartere<l territory, as described by the Act and 
Constitution of Covernment, in the year one thousand seven hundiecl 
and seventy-six. That no p(irson or j>ersons whatsoever have or ever 
had a right to purchaser any lands within the same from any in<lian 
Nation, except only persr)ns duly authorized to make su(di purchases, 
on the })ublic Account formerly for the use and benefit of the Colony, 
and lately of the Commonwealth, and that such exclusive right or pre- 
emption will and ought to be maintained by this (-ommon wealth lo 
the utmost of its ]>ower. And be it further declared and enacteii 
that ever}' purchase of lands heretofore made b}* or on behalf of 
the Crown of England, or of Great Britain, from any Indian Nation 
or Nations within the before-mentioned limits, doth and ought to 
enure forever to and for the use and benefit of the (commonwealth, 
and to and for no other use or purpose whatsoever; and that all 
Bales and deeds which have been or shall be made by any Indian 
or Indians, or by any Indian Nation or Nations, lor lands within the 
said limits, to or for the separate use of any person or persons what- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 13 



Boever, shall bo and the same are hereby (Icolarcd utterly void and of no 1792. 
effect.'^ August Uth 

And the Commonwealth thereupon or about that time, proceeded to 
dispose of all the valuable land within the said tract, in the same man- 
ner that the lands which belonged to the same Commonwealth were 
usually disposed of An<i by different Acts ot the same Legislature, the 
said tract of land was divided into counties, and Courts of Justice 
erected, taxes levied, and full possession thereof taken, as if it was in 
truth, part of the State of Virginia. That in this situation your Orators 
and those under whom they claim, had no other recourse than to solicit 
from the United States in Congress Assembled, that reparation to which 
the unjust conduct of Virginia entitled them, and a memorial dated the 
eleventh day of September, one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 
nine, a copy whereof is hereto annexed, marked '* E," and which your 
orators praj* may be taken as a ]>art of their Bill, was presented to that 
Honomble body. That the following resolution was the result of the 
application : 

In Congress, October 30, 1779. 

Whereas the apj)ropriation of vacant lands by the several States, dur- 
ing the continuance of the war, will, in the opinion of Congress, be 
attende<l with givat mischiefs. Therefore, Resolved, That it be earnestly 
recommended to the State of Virginia to reconsider their late Act of 
Assembly for opening their land office; and that it be recommended to 
the said State and all other States similarly circumstanced, to forbear 
settling or issuing warrants for unappropriated lands, or granting the 
same during the continuance of the present war." 

To this recommendation Virginia paid no obedience; her office con- 
tinued open for the sale of lands aHHcrted or corijectured to be within the 
limitsof her territory, and another application was thus rendered necessary 
to that general and superintending authority, whose recommendations 
in most other instances were equivalent to commands. A copy of the 
second memorial, which bore date the thirtieth of November, one thou- 
sand seven hundred and eighty, is annexed to this Bill, marked " F," and 
which your orators pray may be taken as part of their Bill. That a 
committee was appointed by Congress, and notice given to the delegates 
from Virginia, who, however, refused to attend the committee. That 
the report of this committee was made on the first day of May, one 
thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, an extract of which, so far as 
it relates to the case of your orators, is hereto annexed, and which is 
marked with the letter "Ct," which your orators pray may be taken as 
part of their Bill. 

That upon this report Congress did not act. The circumstances of 
the war, the necessity of opposing a solid and undivided resistance to 
the hostdities of the common enemy, the weakness of the authority con- 
Btitutionally invested in that honorable body, and possibly the recollec- 



14 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. tion of the disregard shewn to its former recommendation, concurred 
August 11th to prevent a decision which could not bo enforced. And your orators, 
with this impartial and Judicious report in their bands, patiently 
waitec* until the settlement of public aftaii*s; and the restoration of 
peace afforded a better prospect. Several years elapsed in expectation 
that Virginia would become sensible of the injustice done to your Ora- 
tors and those under whom they claim, and would make a just and rea- 
sonable compensation for the injuries your orators had sustained: but 
your oratoi*s being disappointed, determined to appeal again to that 
sense of justice which they hoped might yet be found in the Virginia 
Legislature, and presented another memorial, of which the following is 
a copy, dated November 23, 1790, and October 17, 1791 : 

To THE Honorable LE<ii8LATURE of the State of Viroinia. 

The Memorial of the proprietors and shareholders of a tract of land 
called Indiana, most Respectfully sheweth That they have formerly made 
known to the Honorable Legislature their title to the said tract of land 
by a memorial dated the first da}' of October, One thousand seven hun- 
dred and seventy-six, to which was annexed an authenticated copy of 
the deed to your memorialists, made on the broad basis of a public 
Treaty between two Sovereign and independent Nations. That this was 
not an hasty or precipitate negociation, but was begun in May, one 
thousand seven hundred and sixty-five by Sir William Johnson, then 
Suj)erintendent for Indian Affairs, and ended November the third, one 
thousand seven hundred and sixty-Eight, by a deed from the rightful 
owners of the land to the Crown of England for the use of your 
memorialists, to which deed several Governors and Commissioners dele- 
gated to attend at the Treaty, signed as witnesses, and particularly 
Thomas Walker, Esquire, the Commissioner from Virginia, who witnessed 
the said deed in his official capacity. That the said deed was made a 
part of the treaty. That it was made for the valuable consideration 
of Eight3'-five thousand nine hundred and sixteen pounds ten shillings 
and Eight pence. New York money. That neither the Legislature 
of Virginia, the Crown of England, nor any other person or persons, 
other tlian your memorialists, have ever paid any consideration to 
the original proprietors for the lands in question. That the State of 
V'irginia has derived a great Territory' from the said treat}', and hath 
recognized the same in several instances as the United States have also 
done in the fullest manner. That the Honorable Legislature of Virginia, 
in their session of June, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, 
thought it expedient by an act to declare void and of no effect that part 
of the treaty which related to your memorialists; and by a subsequent 
act they directed the sale of all the lands in question for the sole benefit of 
the State. That a small majority indeed united in tbe act, the object of 
which was calculated to take from your memorialists their right without 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 15 



compensation or the verdict of a jury. That during that Session of 1792. 
Assembly the Justice and equity of your memorialists' case were ably August lltb 
advocates! by one-half of the Legislature, who, from their public station 
could have neither fee. nor reward, or promise of any, and were not 
directly or indirectly interested therein, the casting vote against com- 
pensation to your memorialists having been given by the Speaker only. 
Thence your memorialists conclude that they should have had ample 
Justice done them without having petitioned for it. Had not some 
arguments of expediency been adduced to influence the Judgment of the 
House, which, from want of information not then attainable, induced the 
majority to vote against the title of your memorialists, which, on a more 
mature consideration and fuller information, it is probable they would 
not have done. Your memorialists hag' letive to observe that thev con- 
eeivc they have been greatly injured by the said act. That they have 
been deprived of property for which they paid an high consideration, 
and to which they consider themselves entitle*! by the laws of nature, ol 
nations, and even ol this Commonwealth. That they wish to promote 
by ever}'^ means in their p)Ower the harmony of the National Councils, 
as well as those of this State, and for this purpose do now appeal to the 
Justice and magnanimity of that biKly from whom the injur}' was sus- 
tjuned. They earnestly pray that their claim may be solemnly investi- 
gated, and in such manner as may be most satisfactory to the General 
Assembly and best calculated to promote Justice, being sincerely dis- 
posetl on their part to yield every accommo<lation to the wishes of this 
Honorable lx>dy that may be consistent with that end, and for which 
purpo«e they have given full powers to their Agent. Your memorialists 
do therefore respectfully pray of the honorable Legislature to recon- 
sider the proceeiiings of the former House ami grant to your memorialists 
such redress as may be within the [K)wer of the State to give, consistent 
with its honour, the equity of the case, and the long sutterings of your 
memorialists, who as in duty bound will ever pray. 

GEORGE MORGAN, 
One of the proprietors, and sole Agent for the Indiana Company. 

But from motives to your Orators unknown, the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia then refused even to |>ermit the said memorial to be read. That 
when your Oraloi*s again presented a copy of the .said memorial on the 
seventeenth of October, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, 
although the Legislature of Virginia permitted the same to be read, 
the requests of your orators therein contained, however reasonable in 
their nature and respectful in their language, were rejected, and the fol- 
lowing vote of the Legislature announced their determination to adhere 
to their former resolutions: 



16 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 




1792. 
August 11th November 10, 1791. 

"Resolved, That it is the opinion of tbis committee, that the Resolu- 
tions passed b^' the General Assembly of the ninth day of June, one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, and the Act passed during 
the same session "intituled" "An Act declaring and asserting the righUj 
of this Commonwealth concerning purchasing lands from Indian Natives, 
ought to be adhered to by the present General Assembly." 

Thus victims of a long series ot vexations of losses and disappoint- 
ments, robbed ot valuable property by a lawless band of inconsiderate 
Indians, com])ensated lor those losses by the wiser pari of the same 
tribes, deprived again of that compensation by the interference of a 
powerful Commonwealth, alternately imploring that Commonwealth to 
prefer Justice to emolument, and beseeching Congress to examine the 
controversy, and decide upon the right; defeated in one attempt by the 
interested views of their opponents, and in the olher by the delective 
powers of Congress. Your Orators now present themselves with a 
claim, founded as they hope, upon irretragible principles, addressed to 
that authority before which the great dilference between the parties 
vanishes, and ])raying tbat Justice, which is dispensed without distinc- 
tion to all, and your orators expressly charge that by the unwarrantable 
interference of the Commonwealth of Virginia, they have been pre- 
vented from taking possession of and selling, or otherwise deriving 
profit from near three millions of acres of land, lor which, at th" rale of 
half a dollar per acre, making allowance for land not arable or appro- 
priated to public uses, they might well have obtained one million one 
hundred and twenty-eight thousand Mexican dollars. That the origi- 
nal consideration of this tract of land was two hundred and fourteen 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-one dollars and thirty-three cent«; 
and that exclusive of the great injury sustained by 3'our Orators in con- 
suming near twenty nine years of their lives in the endeavor to olHain 
Justice by reasonable j)r()positions and humble expostulations, they are 
well entitled to charge for their labors and expences the sum of Eigh- 
teen thousand three hundred and thirty-three dollars and thirty-three 
cents, making in the whole two hundred and thirty-three thousand one 
hundred and twenty-four »lollars and sixty-six cents, exclusive of interest 
on the amount of the said original loss, or on the several sums of money by 
them at dift'erent times expended in the aforesaid behalf, a more ])articu- 
lar account of which is hereunto annexed, marked (II), and which your 
said orators pray may be taken as a part of their Bill. 

And your Orators further shew unto your Honors, that to avoid 
swelling their Bill to an exceeding great length, and thereby occasion- 
ing a considerable charge, they have made out and annexed hereto a 
schedule, marked "I," which your said orators pray may l)c taken as a 
part of their Bill, containing the respective proportional parts or shares 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 17 



to which each of your orators is entitled, and are ready to produce the 1792. 
Boveral Assignments and other proofs necessar}' to establish the same. August 11th 
And to the said schedule, your orators, for brevity and perspicuity, beg 
leave to refer for the conveyances to them of the several shares of 
which they respectively stand seized, as follows, viz: your orators, Wil- 
liam Grayson, and Charles Grayson, George Grayson, and Hebe Gray- 
son, by their next friend, the said William Grayson, say they stand 
seized in fee simple of nine hundred shares in the said tract or territory 
of country, called Indiana, as described in the original deed from the 
six nations, to which, and a copy thereof, which is hereto annexed, 
marked with the letter '•A,'* your orators again beg leave to refer; the 
said nine hundred shares being part of seven thousand four hundred 
and twenty -seven shares originally held by William Trent. And your 
Orator, Levi Hollingsworth, saith he stands seized in fee simple of 
three hundred shares, also originally held by the said William Trent. 

And your Orator, Simon Nathan, saith ho stands seized in fee simple 
of three hundred shares, also originally held by the said William Trent. 
And your Orator, Isaac Wharton, saith that he stands seized in fee sim- 
ple of three hundred shares, also originally held by William Trent, as 
aforesaid. And your Orators, Richard Wharton, John Todd, Junior, 
and James Todd, say they stand seized of three hundred shares in fee 
simple, which were also originally held by William Trent, as aforesaid. 
And your Oratoi^s, Sarah Trent, Samuel and Anne Raymond, Nathan 
Beeks and Mary Beeks, and John Trent, say they stand seized of five 
thousand one hundred and seventy-seven shares in fee simple, which 
were also originall}' held by the said William Trent, except two hun- 
dred and eighty shares thereof, originally held by John Ormsby. And 
yuuT Orators, Frances Reed, John Andrews, and Elizabeth Andrews, 
Isabella Mclntire, William Irwin, an<l Anne Irwin, George Thompson 
and Mary Thompson, Thomas Duncan, and Martha Duncan, Catherine 
Callendar, and Robert Callendar, the younger, b}' William Irwin, his 
next friend, say they are seized of eight thousand six hundred and fifty- 
one shares in tee simple, originally held by the said Robert Callendar. 

And your Orator, David Franks, saith that he stands seized in fee sim- 

plo of three thousand and ninety shares, originally held b}* him. And 

your orator, Joseph Simons, saith that he stands seized of four thousand 

eight hundred and twenty-two shares in foe simple, which were originally 

held by him. And your orator. Levy Andrew Levy, saith that he stands 

seized in fee simple of three thousand and ninety-seven shares originally 

held by him. And your orators, David Franks, Joseph Simons, Levy 

Andrew Levy, Sarah Trent, Samuel and Anne Raymond, Nathan Beeks, 

and Mar}" Beeks, and John Trent, say they stand seized in fee simple of 

seven hundred and eight^'-four shares originally held by Philip Boyle. 

And your orator. Thomas Small man, saith that he stands seized in fee 

simple of seven hundred and seventy-four shares originally held by him. 

And your orators, George William Prevost, Augustine Prevost, the 

3 



18 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. you tiger, say, and James Prevost, Henry Prevost, Louisa Prevost, Char- 
August nth lotte Prevost, and Susanna Prevost, by Augustine Prevost, their next 
friend, say they stand seized in fee simple of seven hundred and seventy- 
four shares originally hehi by Thomas Smallman. 

And your orators, Edward Pennington, Robert Morris, Joseph Gallo- 
wa3% and Wilbam PoHard, surviving assignees of John Baynton, Samuel 
Wharton, and George Morgan, say they stand seized in fee simple of 
Eight thousand five hundred and thirty shares, which were originally 
held by the said John Baynton, of sixteen thousand six hundred and 
twenty-eight shares, which were originally held by the said Samuel 
Wharton, and of five thousand four hundred shares which were originally 
held by the said George Morgan, amounting together to thirty thousand 
five hundred and fifty-Eight shares. And your orator, Samuel Wharton, 
administrator of John Welsh, deceased, saj's that he stands seized in fee 
simple of three thousand shares originally held by him. And your 
orator, Edmund Moran, says that he stands seized in fee simple of four 
hundred and five shares originally held by him. And your orator, Evan 
Shelby, saith that he stands seized in fee simple of four hundred and 
five shares originally held by him. And your orator, Samuel Postle- 
thwaite, saith that he stands seized of four hundred and five shares 
originally held by him. And your orator, John Gibson, saith that he 
stands seized of one thousand six hundred and ninety-two shares in fee 
simple originally held by him. And 3^011 r orator. Edward Cole, saith 
that he stands seized in fee simple of one thousand two hundred and eight 
shares originally' held by Richard Winston. And your orators, heirs of 
Dennis Croghan, say the}' stand seized in fee simple of four hundred 
and thirty shares originally held by the said Dennis Croghan. And 
your orators, Catherine Thompson, George Thompson, Robert Thompson, 
William Thompson, George and Mary Reed, Galbraith and Catherine 
Patterson, Juliana Thompson and Elizabeth Thompson, say they are 
seized in fee simple of three hundred and six shares originally held by 
William Thompson. And your orator, Richard Neave, saith that he is 
seized of three hundred and fifty-two shares in fee simple originally held 
by Abraham Mitchell. And your orators, John Dundas and Burnet 
Dundas, by Henry Pratt, his next friend, Anna Dundas, Henry and 
Elizabeth Pratt, Frederick William and Maiy Starman, say, and Sarah 
Eliza Scriba, by her next friend George Scriba, saith that they stand 
seized in fee simple of three hundred and fifty -two shares, which were 
originally held by James and Thomas Dundas. And your orators, Wil- 
liam Floyd, John Stephen Guenet, and Joseph Jacques de Pionerie, say 
they stand seized of one thousand ^ve hundred shares in fee simple, 
that is to say, the said VVilliam Floyd stands seized of six hundred shares 
the said John Stephen Guenet stands seized of three hundred shares, and 
the said Joseph Jacques de Pionerie stands seized of six hundred shares 
as aforesaid, all ot which were originally held by John Ormsby. And 
your oi-ator, William Rdgar, saith be stands seized of five hundred and 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 19 

torty-six shares in fee simple which were originally held by him. AniJ 1792. 
your orator, William Temple Franklin, saith he stands seized in tW sim- August 11th 
pie of five thousand three hundred and ninety-nine shai'es wliirh wert» 
originally held by William Franklin. And your orator. Joseph Galloway, 
saith he stands seized in fee simple of one thousand one hundred and 
twenty-five shares which were held by George Cii>gan, who was origi- 
nally interested in the consideration tor which the deed fi*om the six- 
nations was executed. And your oratoi-s, Owen and Marv Jones, say. 
and William Fisher, by his next friend, James C'owle Fisher, saith that 
they stand seized in fee simple of one thousand one hundred and twenty- 
five shares which were held by (jeorge On>i;an. who was originally inter- 
ested in the consideration for which the deed from the Six Nations was 
executed. And your oratoi-s Tench Coxe an<! (feorge Morgan, say they 
stand seized of three hundred shares held by them in tee simple by vir- 
tue of a deed executed in pursuance of a resolution of the Indiana Com- 
pany, bearing date the twenty-fifth day of April, one thousand seven 
hundred and Eighty-two. And your orator, Thonuis Pauie, saith that 
he stands seized in fee simple of three hundred shares held Uy him hy 
virtue of a deed executed in pursuance of a resolution of the Indiana 
Company, dated the twentj'-eighth day of March, one thousand seven 
hundred and Eighty-two. And your orator, James Wilson, saith that he 
stands seized in fee simj)Ie of three hundred shares held by him by vir- 
tue of a deed Executed in pursuance of a resolution of the Indiana (com- 
pany, dated the twenty-seventh day of December, one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty-one. 

But now so it is that the Commonwealth of Virginia assuming a right 
to the said tract of land, alike unsupported by Justice and by law, and 
contrary to the due and manifest limits of their own territorial rights, 
have not only, as is before mentioned, exclu<led 3'our orators from the 
possession, benefit and enjoyment of the whole tract of land, so as afore- 
said legally and equitably vested in them, but refused to make an}'^ sort 
of compensation for the injuries of which they complain. In tender 
consideration whereof, and for that your orators cannot otherwise be 
relieved in the premises than by the aid of this honorable court, to the 
end therefore that true, full and perfect answers may be given on the 
part of the said Commonwealth, touching all and singular the premises 
as fully and particularly as if they were again here repeated and interro- 
gated more particularly : 

Whether the said James the Fii*st did not on the sixth day of April, 
one thousand six hundred and six, grant a patent to Sir Thomas Gates 
and othere, permitting them to settle and inhabit at any place upon the 
coast of Virginia, in America between thirty-four and forty-one degrees 
of North Latitude, and granting to them and such othei>»as should join 
them in establishing a colony, all the lands for the space of fifty miles, 
each way, on the sea coas^, from the first seat of their plantation, and 
fifty miles directly into the mainland, and whether by the same patent, 



20 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. Thomas Hanham and others were not authorized to settle and inhabit, 
August 11th and did not receive a grant of a tract of land of the same size, described 
in the same manner? 

Whether the said James the Fii*}-t did not, on the twenty third day of 
May, one thousand six hundred and nine, grant a patent to Robert, Earl 
of Salisbury, and many others, by which all the land in that part of 
America called Virginia, from the point of land called Cape or Point 
Comfort, all along the sea coasi to the nothward two hundred miles, 
and from the said Point all along the sea coast to the southward two 
hundred miles; and all that space and circuit of land l^'ing from the sea 
coast of the precinct aforesaid, up into the land from sea to sea, west 
and northwest, or by any other, and what limits were granted to them, 
and such others as they should thereafter admit to be joined with them? 

Whether the last-mentioned charter or patent was not forfeited by 
the non-user or mis-user of the jiarties interested therein, and seized 
into the hands of the said King, or whether it was surrendered to him 
or how and in what manner, and at what time the same was surrendered, 
forfeited, lost, or destroyed. And whether any other and what patent 
or charter was at an^^ time afterwards granted by the said King of Eng- 
land, or any of his successors, to any person or pei*sons whatever, for 
the said Colony of Virginia; and by any and what bounds and descrip- 
tion. And if no charter or patent was so, as aforesaid, granted, whether 
the said Colony was not, until the United States became independent of 
the Kingdom ot Great Britain, governed under the immediate authority 
of the Crown of Great Britain, without any regard to the limits men- 
tioned and described in the said charter? 

Whether the western limits of the said Colony were ascertained and 
settled by any; and what "deed, patent, or charter from the said Crown 
of Great Britain, previous to the third day of November, one thousand 
seven hundred and sixty-eight, when the said Grant to your Orators 
was 60, as aforesaid, made; and if so ascertained, that the said limits 
may be particularly set forth and described in their answer to this Bill? 

Whether your Orators and those under whom they claim were not 
robbed by a lawless party of Indians, of goods and merchandize to the 
value of eighty-live thousand nine hundred and sixteen pounds ten shil- 
lings and eight pence. New York currency? 

Whether the deed hereinbefore set forth, and charged by your orators 
to have been made by the chiefs of the several tribes of Mohawks, Onou- 
dagoes, Senecas, Oneidas, Cayngas, Tuscaroras, Shawanese, and Dela- 
wares, to the King of Great Britain, on the third day of November, one 
thousand seven hundred and sixty -eight, at Fort Stanwix, was not duly 
executed at the time and place it bears date, and was not given in con- 
sideration of the aforesaid depredations c<in»mitted on the property of 
your Oratora and those un<ler whom they claim; and in compensation 
therefor, and whether it was not witnessed bj Thomas Walker, of Vir- 
ginia; and whether the said Thomas Walker was not duly commissioned 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 21 



on the part of the said Commonwealth (then Colony of Virginia), to 1792. 
attend and act at the treat}* with the Indians, then and there holdon ; August lltb 
and whether it was not the dut}' of the said Thomas Walker, if any 
part of the territory belonging to the said Colony of Virginia had been 
unjustly appropriated, to have objected thereto; and whether he did not 
on the contrarj', by his attesting the said grant, indicate the acquies- 
cence ot Virginia therein? 

Whether upon the measures hereinbefore mentioned being taken by 
yciur Orators and those under whom they claim, for the sale of the said 
tract of Land, the Convention of the State of Virginia, on the twenty- 
fourth day of June, one thousand seven hundred and seventy -six, then 
Bitting at Williamsburgh, did not pass a resolve in substance, as herein- 
before set forth, or any other, and what resolve relative to the prem- 
ises? 

Whether certain commissioners were not then or soon afterwards, and 
when appointed by the said convention or by some other sufficient au- 
thority within the said Commonwealth, to call before them any and 
what witnesses for the purpose of establishing the title of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia to the premises hereinbefore described, by virtue of 
conquest and pre-occupany, or by virtue of any; and what other title 
or pretence of title; and whether the said commissioners did not after- 
wards, to-wit: on or about the tenth day of March, one thousand seven 
hundred and seven tj'^-seven, at Pittsburg, or at any other, and what time 
and place, assemble together for the examination of witnesses; and 
whether they did not give notice to your Orator, George Morgan, to 
attend; and whether they then and there, or at any other, and what 
time, took the depositions of any, and what witnesses in pursuance of 
such directions; and that a copy of such depositions may be produced, 
and left with the proper officer of this honorable court for the inspec- 
tion of your orators? 

Whether the Legislature of Virginia did not on the ninth day of June, 
one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, or at any other, and what 
time, resolve, as is hereinbefore in substance set forth, and that a copy of 
such resolutions may be produced, and left with the proper officer of 
this honorable court for the inspection of your oratoi*s? 

Whether on the seventeenth day of June, one thousand seven hundred 
and seventy-nine, or at any other, and what time, an Act of the Gen- 
eral Asaembl}^ was not passed as hereinbefore in substance set forth; 
and that a copy of the same may be produced and left with the proper 
officer of this honorable court for the inspection of your orators? 

Whether the lands contained within the said tract as aforesaid vested 
in and claimed by 3'our orators, have not been sold and granted, or pat- 
ented b}' the said Commonwealth to divers persons, at the rate at which 
the lands of the Commonwealth of Virginia were usually sold, or at any 
other, and what rate; and whether counties have not been erected in 
the said tract, and by what names and Courts of Justice held; and 



22 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPKRS. 

1792. whether the saici Commonwealth hath not levied taxes thereon, and 
August lull otherwise drawn great profits therefrom; and whether hy the inter- 
ference of the said commonwealth, and the sai<l Acts and Resolutions 
particularly the said Resolution of the Convention, on the twenty-fourth 
day of June, one thou8an<i seven hundred and seventy six; and the sai<i 
Act of the Legislature on the seventeenth day of June, one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-nine, your orators have not heen prevented 
from disposing of the said lands, or of great part thereof, upon very 
heneficial terms? 

Whether, notwithstanding the ill success of all the former endeavors 
oi your orators to effect an amicahle settlement with the said Common- 
wealth, further applications were not made to the sai<l Legislature, on 
the twent3'-third day of November, one thousand seven bundtecl and 
ninety, and the seventeenth day of October, o?ie thousand seve?] hundred 
and niuotv-one, bv vour orator, Geortre Morjxan, on behalf of vour other 
oratoi*8 and himself, as hereinbefore set forth, and whether the said Legis- 
lature did not refuse to hear the first of the said applications, and after 
having received the last, did not, by a resolution dated the tenth day ol 
November,* one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, declare as 
before recited? 

And that the said Commonwealth of Virginia may be adjudged to 
make full compensation to your orators for the losses and damages sus 
tained by them, and those under whom the}' claim, by reason of their 
unwarrantable intrusion into your orators said lands, and prohibiting 
and hindering of your orators from selling the same or deriving any 
benefit therefrom. 

And to the end that your orators may have such further and other 
reh'ef in the premises as to this honorable court shall seem meet. 

May it Please your Honors to grant unto your orators a writ of 
Subpoena to be (iirected to the Commonwealth of Virginia, thereby com- 
manding the said Commonwealth, at a certain daj^, and under a pain 
therein to be limited, to be and appear before 3'our Honors in this Hon- 
orable Court, an<l then and there, full, true, di'-ect and perfect answer 
make to all and singular the j)reraises, and further to stand to, perform 
and abide such further order, direction and decree therein as to your 
Honors shall seem meet, and your orators shall ever pray. 

WILLIAM LEWIS, 
WILLIAM RAWLE. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know 3'e, That we, Abraham, a Mohawk chief, Siuughois, an Oneida 
chief, Saqinirifera, a Tuscarora chief, Chenaughlea, chief of the Onandago 
Council, Tagaaia, a Cayuga chief, and Gaulstarax, a Seneca chief, Chiefs 
and Sachems of the Six United Nations, and beiiigand effectually repre- 
senting all the Tribes of the said Six United Nations, send Greeting: 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, 23 



Whereas, Robert Callendar, David Franks, Joseph Simons, Levy 1792. 
Andrew Levy, Philip Boyle, John Baynton, Samuel \V hart on, George August 11th 
Morgan, Joseph Spear, Thomas Smallman, Samuel Wharton, Adminis- 
trator of John Welch, deceased, Edmund Moran, Evan Shelby, Samuel 
Postlethwaite, John Gibson, Richard Winston, Dennis Croghan, William 
Thompson, Abraham Mitchell, J ames Dundas, Thomas Dundan, and John 
Ormsby, in and by their several and respective letters or powers of attor- 
ney, duly signed, sealed and delivered by them, and now produced, inter- 
preted and explained to us, have constituted, nominated and appointed 
William Trent of the County of Cumberland, and Province of Pennsylva- 
nia, Merchant, their lawful attorney and agent to ask, solicit, demand, and 
receive from the Sachems, Counsellors, and Warriors of the said six Uni- 
ted Nations, a grant of a tract of Land as a compensalion, satisfaction or 
retribution for the Goods, merchandise and effects of the said William 
Trent, and the traders aforesaid, which the Shawanese, Delaware, and 
Huron Tribes, tributaries of the said Six Nations, (contrary to all good 
faith, and in violation of their repeated promises of safety and protection 
to their persons, servants, and effects whilst trading in their country), did 
in the Spring of the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty-three, 
violently seize upon and unjustl}^ anpropriate to their own use. 

And whereas we are now convened in full coun:jil, by order of our 
Father, the King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of 
the faith, &c., at Fort Stanwix in the Province of New York, in order 
to agree for, ascertain, and finally ^x and settle a permanent and lasting 
boundary line between the hunting country, which we at the conference 
aforesaid, shall and will reserve for ourselves, our children, and our 
tributaries, and the territories of the said King of Great Britain. And 
whereas application was formerly made to the said six United Nations, 
by Sir William Johnson, Baronet, at the requisition of the aforesaid 
Traders who had sustained and suffered the losses aforesaid, for a retri- 
bution of the same, which the said six United Nations promised and 
agreed to, whensoever he, the said Sir William Johnson, Baronet, should 
be empowered by his said Majesty the King of Great Britain, to estab- 
lish the boundary line aforesaid. 

And wbereas the sai I Sir William Johnson, Baronet, has now at this 
present Congress reminded the said six United Nations of their said 
promise, and at the earnest desire of the aforesaid traders, by their said 
Attorney, strongly recommended to the said six United Nations to 
make them a restitution by a grant of a tract of land to his said Maj- 
e>iy the King of Great Britain, his heirs and successors, to and for the 
onlv use, benefit and behoof of the said William Trent, in his own 
ngbt, and as Attorney, as aforesaid, all which the said six United 
Nations having taken into their consideration and being hearlil}' dis- 
pO!?ed to agree thereunto as an instance of their Justice and concern for 
the said losses, do therefore by these presents signify, publish and declare 
that notwithstanding the grant and gifl hereby m^de and given by them 



1 



24 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. unto his said Majesty the King of Great Britain, and so forth, (to and 
August 11th tor the only use, benefit, and behoof of the said William Trent, in his 
o^n right, and as attorney, as aforesaid), will be included within the 
cession, sale and boundary line, which the said six united Nations shall 
and will make, sell and grant to the said King of Great Britain, at the 
conference aforesaid, now holden at F'ort Stanwix aforesaid, by the said 
Sir William Johnson, Baronet. Yet, nevertheless, the said six united 
nations have neither asked, demanded, nor received fi'om him, the said 
Sir William Johnson, Baronet, nor from any other person or pei-sons, in 
behalf of the said King of Great Britain, any consideration for the 
hereby given and granted premises; neither shall nor will the said six 
united Nations, nor their heii*s nor descendants (and b}* these presents 
• they, the said six united Nations, wholl}' and entirely interdict and pro- 

hibit them from so doing), demand nor re(;eive fi-om the said King of 
Great Britain, uor from his successors; nor from his or their ministers 
or servants, any consideration whatsoever or howsoever, for the hereby 
granted, bargained, or now given premises, or an}' part, purport or par- 
cel thereof; the same being their own voluntary act and deed, solely and 
bona fide designed and intended by them as a compensation, satisfaction, 
and retribution for the losses sustained by the said William Trent, and 
the Indian Traders aforesaid, by the depredations of the Shawanese, 
Delaware an«l Huron Tribes of Indians aforesaid, in the aforesaid year 
one thousand seven hundred and sixt3'-thrce. 

Now this indenture Wilnesseth, That the said Abraham, Sennighois, 
Saquirifera, Chenaughatea, Tagaaia, and Gaustraux, Chiefs and Sachems 
of the sai<l Six United Nati<ms, and being and effectually, a^* aforesaid 
representing all the tribes of the said Six United Nations, for and in 
consideration of the sum of Eighty-five thousand nine hundred and six- 
teen pounds, ten shillings and eight pence, lawful money of the province 
of New York, the same being the amount of the goods and merchan- 
dize which were unjustly seized and taken as aforesaid, by the Shaw- 
anese, Delaware and Huron Tribes of Indians aforesaid, from the said 
William Trent, Robert Callendar, David Franks, Jo>eph Simons, Levy 
Andrew Levy, Philip Boyle, John Baynion, Samuel Wharton, George 
Morgan. Joseph Spear. Thomas Smallman, Samuel Wharton, Adminis- 
trator of John Welch, deceased, Edmund Moran, Evan Shelb}^ Samuel 
Postlethwaite. John Gibson. Richard Winston, Dennis Croghan, Wil- 
liam Thompson, Abraham Mitchell, James Dundas, Thomas Dnndas, 
and John Ormsby, in the aforeg^aid year of one thousand seven hun- 
dred and sixty-three, whereof just and fair accounts have on oath and 
affirmation beeti produced, interpreted and explained to us, and which 
at our desire are now lodged and deposited with the said Sir William 
Johnson, Baronet, and for and in consideration of the sum of five shil- 
lings, lawful money aforesaid, to us in hand paid by the said William 
Trent, the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge, do give, grant, 
bargain and sell unto his said majesty, his heirs and successors, to and 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 25 



for the only use, benefit and behoof of the said William Trent, in his 1792. 
own right, and as attorney aforesaid, all that tract or pan^el of land Augast 11th 
beginning at the southerly side of the mouth of the Little Kenhawa 
Creek where it empties itself into the River Ohio, and running from 
thence Southeast to the Laurel Hill; thence along the Laurel Hill until 
it strikes the River Monongahela, according to the several courses there- 
of, to the southern boundary- line of the province of Pennsylvania; 
thence westerly* along the coui-se of the said Province boundary line as 
far as the same shall extend, and from thence by the same course to 
the River Ohio; thence down the said River Ohio according to the sev- 
eral courses thereof to the place of beginning, together with all and 
singular the trees, woods, underwoods, mines, minerals, ores, waters, 
water courses, fishings, fowlings, huntings, profits, commodities, advan> 
tages, rights, liberties, privileges, hereditaments, and appurtenances 
whatsoever, to the said tract or parcel of land belonging, or in any 
ways appertaining, or which now are or formerly have been accepted, 
repute, taken, known, used, occupied or enjoyed, to or with the same 
or as part, parcel, or member thereof, and the reversion and reversions, 
remainder and remainders, rents, issues, and profits of all and singular 
the said premises above mentioned, and every pfert or parcel thereof, 
with the appurtenances; and also all the estate, right, title, interest, 
property, claim and demand whatsoever, whether native, legal or equit- 
able, of us, the said Indians; and each and every of us. and of all and 
every other person and persons whatsoever, of or belonging to the said 
Nations, of, into, and out of all and singular, the premises above men- 
tioned, and of, into, and out of every part and parcel thereof, with the 
appurtenances, to have and to hold all and singular the said tract, par- 
cel and parcels of land given, granted and bargained premises, with 
their appurtenances unto his said Majest}', King George the Third, his 
heirs and successors, but to and for the only use, benefit and behoof of 
the said William Trent, in his own right, and as attorney aforesaid, his 
heirs and assigns forever. And the said Abraham, Senghois, Saquirifora, 
Chenaughtea, Tagaiaa, and Gaustarax, for thomsoives, and for the six 
United Nations, and all and every other Nation and Nations, tribes and 
tributaries and dependents on the said six United Nations and their 
and every of their posterities, the said tract and parcel of land and 
premises, and every part thereof, against them, the said Abraham, Seng- 
hoiss, Saquirifera, *Chengaughtea, Tagaai, Gaustarax, and against the 
said six United Nations and their tributaries an<l dependents; and all 
and every of their posterities, to his said majesty, his heirs and succes- 
sors, but to and for the only use and benefit and behoof of the said Wil- 
liam Trent, in his own right, and as Attorney aforesaid, his heirs and 
assigns, shall and will warrant and forever defend by these presents. 

In witness whereof, we, the said Chiefs and Sachems, in behalf of the 
whole six United Nations aforesaid, have hereunto set our hands and 

seals in the presence of the persons subscribing as Witnesses hereunto, 

4 



26 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. at a Congress held at Fort Stanwix, aforesaid, this third day of Novem- 
August 11th ber, in the ninth year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and 
sixty -eight. 

Sealed and delivered in the presence of us. 

WILLLVM FRANKLIN, Governor of New Jersey. 

FREDERICK SMITH, Chief Justice of New Jersey. 

THOMAS WALKER, Commissioner of Virginia. 

RICHARD PETERS, ).,.,. -i ^ id i • 

JAMES TILGHMAN, } ^* ^*^^ ^^""^>^ ^^ Pennsylvania. 

JOHN SKINNER. Captain in the 70th Regiment. 

JOSEPH CHEW, of Connecticut. 

JOHN WEATHERHEAD, ol New York. 

JOHN WALKER, of Virginia. 

E. FITCH, of Connecticut. 

THOMAS WALKER, nr Virginia. 
. JOHN BUTLER, Interpreter for the Crown. 

ABRAHAM, or TYAHANESERA, (L. S.), Chief of the Mohawks; 
a Steel, the mark of his Nation. 

WILLIAM, or SENGHOIS, (L. S.), Chief of the Oneidas; A stone, 
the mark of his Nation. 

HENDRICK, or SAQUIRIFERA, (L. S.), Chief of the Tuscaroras; 
a cross, the mark of his Nation. 

BUNT, or CHENAUGHEATBA, (L. S.), Chief of the Onondagoes; 
a mountain, the mark of his Nation. 

TAGAAIA, (L. S.), Chief of the Cayugas; A pipe, the mark of his 
Nation. 

GAUSTARAX, (L. S,), Chief of the Senecas; A High Hill, the mark 
of his Nation. 

On the 7th day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and sixty- nine, before me, Isaac Jones, Esq., Mayor of 
the city of Philadelphia, came the Reverend Richard Peters, Rector of 
the two United Churches, of Christ Church and St. Peters in Philadel- 
phia, one of the subscribing witnesses to the within written deed, and 
made oath on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, that he was pres- 
ent, and did see the within named Abraham, or Tyahanesera, a Chief 
of the Mohawks, William, or Senghois, a Chief of the Oneidas, Hen- 
drick, or Saquirifera, a Chief ol the Tuscaroras, Bunt, or Chenaughtea, 
a Chief of the Onondagoes, Tagaiaa, a Chief of the Cayugas, and Gaus- 
tarax, Chief of the Senecas, make the several marks in the within 
written deed against their respective names, placed as the particular 
mark of each Nation; and did also see the said Abraham or Tyahane- 
sera, William or Senghois, Hendrick or Saquirifera, Bunt or Chenaugh- 
eata, Tagaaia and Gaustarax, respectively seal and as their act and deed, 
deliver in behalf ot themselves and the several Nations which they 
effectually represented, the within written deed poll; and that the 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 27 

name Richard Peters, subscribed thereto as a witness of the same, is 1792. 
of his own handwriting; and also thai the said Richard Peters saw August 11th 
William Franklin, Governor of New Jersey, PVederiek Smith, Chief 
Justice of New Jersey, Thomas Walker, Commissioner of Virginia, 
James Tilghman, of the Council of Pennsylvania, John Skinner, Cap- 
tain in the 70th regiment, Joseph Chew, of Connecticut, John Walker, 
of Virginia, E. Fitch, of Connecticut, Thomas Walker, Jr., of Virginia, 
and John Butler, Interpreter for the Crown, subscribe their names as 
witnesses, likewise to the signing, sealing, and lelivory of the within 
written deed poll. 

Witness my hand and seal, the day and year aforesaid. 

ISAAC JONES, (L. S.) 

(B.) 

A Schedule of the Shares, and rateable proportions and purparts of 
and in that certain tract of land called Indiana, viz: 

Proprietors name. Ami. of losses Penna. currency. No. of shaies. 

William Trent, £7,147 7,U7 

Robert Callendar, 8,651 8,651 

David Franks, 5,730 5,730 

Joseph Simons, 4,822 4,822 

Levy Andrew Levy, 3,097 3,097 
The said William Trent, David Franks, 
Joseph Simons, and Levy Andrew 

Levy, in right of Philip Boyle, 784 784 
Thos. Smallman and Geo. Croghan, 1,584 1,584 
John Baynton's Executors and Devi- 
sees, 8,530 8,530 
Samuel Wharton, 16,628 16,628 
George Morgan, 5,400 5,400 
SamM Warton, Adm'r of John Welch, 3,000 3.000 
Edmund Moran, Evan Shelby, and 

Samuel Postletbwaite, 1,215 1,215 

John Gibson, 1,692 1,692 

Edward Cole, 1,208 1,208 

Dennis Croghan, 430 430 

William Thompson, 306 306 

Rich'rd Neave. 352 352 

James Dundas, 352 352 

John Ormsby, 1,780 1,780 

William Edgar, 546 546 

William Franklin, 5,399 5,399 

Joseph Galloway, 1,125 1,125 

Thomas Wharton, 1.125 1,125 



28 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, 



(C.) 

1792. At a meeting of the Proprietors of Indiana, at the Indian Queen Tav- 

August 11th era, in Philadelphia, the twentieth day of March, one thousand seven 
hundred and seventy-six : 

Resolved, That George Morgan is unanimously appointed Secretary 
of the Land Office, and Receiver-General. 

(D.) 

The Grantees and Proprietors of the retribution lands, now called 
Indiana, hereinafter described, having by certain deeds and articles of 
agreement, settled and ascertained their several and respective shares 
in the said tract of hind and premises, and agreed upon certain rules 
and regulations for the sale thereof ; and having for that purpose 
appointed the subscriber, George Morgan, Secretary and Receiver-Gen- 
eral of their Land Office, and impowered him to issue warrants for the 
taking up of lands, to receive the price or consideration money, and to 
grant patents or deeds of confirmation of the same. This, therefore, is 
to give notice that the said Proprietors' Land Office will be opened on 
or before the first day of next May, on the promises, tor all persons who 
made settlements and improvements before the first day of January last 
past, within any part of that tract of country, beginning at the south- 
erly side of the mouth of Little Kenhawa Creek where it empties itself 
into the River Ohio; and running from thence southeast to the Laurel 
Hill; thence along the Laurel Hill until it strikes the River Mononga- 
hcla ; thence down the stream of the said River Monongahela, accord- 
ing to the several courses thereof, to the southern boundary lino of the 
Province ot Pennsylvania; thence Westerly along the course of the 
said Province boundary line as far as the same shall extend; and from 
thence by the same course to the River Ohio; thence down the said 
River Ohio, according to the several courses thereof, to the place of 
beginning. And the said office will continue open until the first day of 
January next, within which time ail such settlci-s may, on application 
to the Land office, have warrants for any quantity of land not exceed- 
ing four hundred acres, with the allowance of six per cent, for roads 
and highways, at the rate of fifty Spanish Milled Dollars, weighing 
seventeen Pennyweights and six Grains each, or the value thereof in 
current money of any of the neighboring colonies, for every hundred 
Acres, and the allowance without reserving any quit rent to th<>m, the 
said Proprietors. The purchase money to be paid immediately afler the 
return of the survey, or a bond and mortgage on the premises to be 
given to the proprietors for securing the payment thereof, with interest 
at five per cent. 

The actual settlers being thus firet secured in their possessions, the 
unsettled lands will all be surveyed into lots of four hundred Acres each 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 29 

for the proprietors, and the terms on which they will be sold made pub- 1792. 

lie. August nth 

GEORGE MORGAN. 

April Ist, 1876. 

The settlers of Indiana, and others, may, on application to Mr. Mor- 
gan, view and examine the title deeds of the Proprietors, and be fur- 
nished with attested copies of the Indian grants to them. 

(E.) 

To the Honorable the Representatives of the United States of America 
in Congress Assembled: 

The Memorial of the Proprietors of a tract of land called Indiana, 
Humbly sheweth: 

That in the year 1763, the Shawanese, Delaware, and Huron Tribes 
of Indians, then dependants and tributaries of the six United Nations, 
contrary to the faith of treaties, and in violation of their repeated 
promises of protection to the persons, servants, and effects of such 
traders as should supply them in their own country with merchandize, did 
without the least cause, most unjustly and violently seize upon and appro- 
priate to their own use the merchandize and effects of several of your 
memorialists, and of others under whom your memorialists legally 
claim. That at a conference held at Johnson Hall with the six United 
Nations May 2, 1765, Sir William Johnson, superintendant of Indian 
affairs, represented to the said Nations " the treacherous and cruel part 
acted by some of their people in plundering a number of traders at 
Logstown, and upon the Ohio, who were supplying them with goods, 
(as aforesaid), and in behalf of the said traders, he required that as 
some compensation for their losses a grant might be made them of a 
tract of land, which requisition tlie Six Nations promised to take into 
their consideration, and to do therein what should be reasonable, and 
hoped thereby to render themselves more regarded b3' the English ; an<i 
towards the conclusion of the conference May the 6th, they proceeded 
further, and promised that the request of the traders should be complied 
with, and that they would give them some land near Fort Pitt. That 
after four years' deliberation, viz: on the third da}' of November, 1768, 
at a general Congress with the six Nations and other Indians, held at 
Fort Stanwix, in consideration of the sum of eighty-five thousand nine 
hundred and sixteen pounds ten shillings and eight pence, the amount 
of the value of the damages sustained by the Traders, for which the 
most authentic documents were produced, and the Justice of them 
allowed, the said six United and Independent Nations, the true and 
absolute owners and pi*oprietors of the said tract of land called Indiana, 
did ficrant to the said traders as a retribution for their damages aforesaid, 
all the said tract described as follows, viz: beginning at the southerly 
aide of the mouth of Little Kenhawa Creek where it empties Itself into 




30 CULENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. tlic River Ohio, and running from thence southeast to the Laurel Hill: 
August 11th thence along the Laurel Hill until it strikes the River Monongahela; 
thence down the stream of the said River Monongahela according to the 
several coui*ses thereof, to the southern boundary line of the i)rovince of 
Pennsylvania; thence westerly along the coui'se of the said Province 
boundary line as far as the same shall extend; and from thence b}' the 
same course to the River Ohio; thence down the said River Ohio accord- 
ing to the several courses thereof to the place of beginning. That the 
said grant to the traders was made the very basis of the treaty at Fort 
Stanwix. it being thought proper to begin with an act of Justice to dis- 
tressed subjects, w^ho had been robbed by the tributaries of the said six 
Nations, and to establish a point of policy among savage tribes, which 
might lessen or prevent future robberies by compelling retribution; and 
therefore the deed to the traders was executed, and bears date prior to 
those other solemn deeds or grants, by which the said six Nations at 
the said treat}' ceded a large territor}'^ to the use of these Stat^^s, 
together with a clear and explicit boundary of at least one thousand 
miles, the advantages and validity of the treaty having been recognized 
by all these States, and by Virginia in particular, in her memorial of 
1769, as well as in public treaty since the independence of those States. 
That the said tract of land being thus obtained for so valuable a consid- 
eration, and with every circumstance of Notoriety and authority that can 
give validity to any grant, was afterwards, (as being included within 
the bounds of a larger tract of land called Vandalia,) by an order of the 
King of Great Britain in Council, before the declaration of the indepen- 
dency of these States, separated from the dominion which in the 
right of the Crown, Virginia claimed over it; and notification was given 
to the said six Nations that the said tract of Vandalia, including Indi- 
ana aforesaic', was to be erected into a separate Government, under the 
Sovereignty of the said King of Great Britain, and therefore your 
memorialists are advised that the said tract of country cannot remain 
now subject to the Jurisdiction of Virginia, or of any particular State, 
but of the whole United States, in Congress assembled, in whom the 
Sovereii^ntv is now vested. That vour meniorialists find themselves 
obliged to represent with regret that some late acts of the State of Vir- 
ginia, directing the sale of the lands in question to commence in October 
next, for the particular benefit of that State, seem intended to prevent 
and defeat the interposition of Congress on a matter of the utmost 
national consequence to all these States, and appear subversive of ever}' 
rule of Justice in the determination either of private or public property, 
for the following among other reasons: 

First. Because your memorialists ap])rehend that the order of councill 
above referred to was a sufficient sei)aratioM of tlu' lanrls in questiofi 
from the Jurisdiction of Virginia, who could only claim the same under 
the Crown, and that if an}" doubt could arise thereon, the United States, 
as successors to the Sovereignty, are the only Judges, but that Virginia 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 31 

has constituted herself a judge in her own cause, and for hor own emolu- 1792. 
tnent, begun to seize and set up for sale the property of the said dis- Augtwt 11th 
tressed traders and their families, so fairly ohtained, and for so great a 
consideration. 

Secontll}'. Because the said proceedings of Virginia seem to invalidate 
a solemn Treaty made with independent Indian Nations, and fully recog- 
nized by all those states as of the greatest national advantage, the basis 
of which, as before mentioned, was an act of Justice to the said Traders. 
And it is to he hoped the wisdom, policy and Justice of these states will 
never sutler such a spectacle to be exhibited to the world as a "heathen 
people seeking to do a deliberate and solemn act of Justice, while a 
christian State strives to prevent them." Nor let it once be made a 
question whether Sovereign and free Indian Nations may not recom- 
pense an Injury or satisfy a debt by a sale ot part of their own lands; 
but that the debt and injury are both to be raised against them at a 
future day. 

Your memorialists therefore pray this honorable House to take their 
distressed case into speedy consideration, and that such order may be 
directed therein as in your wisdom you may think proper to stay Vir- 
ginia in the sale of the lands in question, till Virginia as well as your 
memorialists can be heard before your Honorable House, and the whole 
rights of a tract of land called Vandalia, of which Indiana is part, shall 
be ascertained in such manner as may tend to support the sovereignty 
of the United States, and the Just rights of individual therein. And 
your memorialists as in duty bound shall pray. 

Signed by order and on behalf of the proprietors, and as their Agent. 

GEORGE MORGAN. 
Philadelphia, Sep. 11, 1779. 

(F.) 

To the Honorable the Representatives of the United States of America, 
in Congress assembled: 

The Memorial of the Proprietors of a Tract of Land called Indiana, 
Respectfully sheweth that the right which your memorialists conceive 
to be vested in them to the before- mentioned tract of land, has already 
been represented to this Honorable House, That your memorialists are 
willing and anxious to have the question respecting the property* of the 
said tract of land decided by Congress, by whom alone it is presumed a 
proper and competent decision can bo made. 

Your memorihlists therefore beg leave to solicit this Honorable House 
to ap|)oint a day for hearing the parties interested in this question, so 
that it may be fully explained and Considered, and a Just and impartial 



32 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. detemii nation of it may be obtainetl as speedily t^ the nature and cir- 
Angiuii nth eumgtancef$ of the iram: and the .situation of public affairs will admit. 

^Signed) GEORGE MORGAN. 

Agent for the Indiana Proprietonj, and by their order. 

Philadelphia, November 30, 1780. 

(G.) 

In Congress, May 1, 1782. 

The Committees to whom the cessions of New York. Virginia, Con- 
necticut, the petitions of the Indiana, Vandalia. Illinois, and Wabash 
Companies were referred, do report that having had a meeting with the 
Agents on the part of New York, Connecticut, and Virginia, the Agents 
for New York and Connecticut laid before 3'our Committee their sev- 
eral claims to the lands said to be contained in their several States, to- 
gether with vouchei-s to support the same; but the Delegates on the 
part of Virginia declining an}* elucidation of their claim, either to the 
lands ceded in the act referred to your Committee, or the lands requested 
to be guaranteed to the said State b\' Congress, delivered to j'our Com- 
mittee the written paper hereto annexed and numbered twenty. That 
your Committee have carefully examined all the Vouchers laid before 
them, and obtained all the information into the state of the lands men- 
tioned in the several cessions aforesaid, and having maturely considered 
the same, are unanimously of the opinion, and do report the following 
resolutions: 

Resolved, That Congress cannot, consistent with the interest of the 
United States, the duty they owe to their constituents, or the rights 
necessarily invested in them as the sovereign power of the United States, 
accept of the cession proposed to be made by the Stale of Virginia, or 
£marantee the tract of country claimed bv them in their act of cession 
referred to ^^our Committee. 

For that it appeared that a large tract of said lamls hath been legally 
and equitably sold and convej-ed away under the Government of Great 
Britain, before the Declaration of Independence, by persons claiming 
the absolute property thei-eof. 

Your Committee further report that they have had a conference with 
the Agents for the several petitioners, calling themselves the Indiana, 
Vandalia, Illinois, and Wabash Companies, and also of Colonel Croghan, 
and have seen and carefully examined their several vouchers and deeds, 
to which conference your Committee invited the Delegates for Connecti- 
cut, New York, and Virginia, but the Delegates for Virginia refused to 
attend. 

On the whole, your Committee are of opinion that the purchases of 
Colonel Croghan and the Indiana Company were made bona fide for a 
valuable consideration, according to the then usage and custom ol pur- 



CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 33 



chasing lands from tho Indians, with tho knowlodg(\ consent and appro- 1792. 
bation of the Crown of Great Britain, the then Government of New August llth 
York and Virginia, and therefore do recommend that it bo — 

Resolved that if the said lands txvQ finally ceded or adjudged to the 
United States in point of Jurisdiction, that Congress will confirm to 
such of the said purchasers who are and shall be citizens of the United 
States, or cither of them, their I'cspective proportions and shares of said 
lands, making a reasonable deduction for the value of the quit-Rents 
reserved by the Crown of England. 

(H.) 

An Account of the Labor and expences which the Indiana Company 
have been at on account of their lands in Indiana: 

Dollars. 

To William Trent's labor and expences in collecting the 
accounts and powers of attorney from the suffering 
traders from 1763 to 1768, .... 3,000 

To Samuel Wharton's ditto and in attending tho Treaty 
at Fort Stanwix, including presents he and Mr. Trent 
made the Indians, - - . . . 3,000 

To the Labor and expences of parties meeting at Pitts- 
burgh in the year 1775, ----- 300 

To Ditto of Ditto at Carlisle, - - - - 400 

To Ditto of Ditto " Lancaster, ... - 400 

To Ditto of Ditto " Philadelphia, - - - 500 

To Sundry Expences of the Company to promote their 

interest, -.-.-.. 5,733 33-100 

To the unremitted attention of George Morgan from the 
year 1775 to the present day, in tho service of tho 
company, and his exponcoH and labor 16 years in going 
to the Ohio, in his attendance on Congress at various 
sessions at Philadelphia and Annapolis, and twice on 
the Legislatures of Virginia at Richmond, in the yeai*H 
1790 and 1791, 5,000 

Total Dollars, 18,333 33-100 

SOHEDULE I. 

William Grayson, Charles Grayson, George Grayson, Ilebe Grayson, 
claimants under William Grayson, who purchased of William Trent. 
Title derived from Assignment to William Grayson, last will and testa- 
ment of William Grayson, devising to the claimants his share in the 
premises, amounting to 900 shares. 

Levi Hollingsworth, claimant under William Trent. Title from As- 
signment. Shares, 300. 

o 



^ CALLIshAi: or .STATE ^ATEEbi. 



Vl^^J, h>iiuuL iV'uLiiUii. uiiLiiiibm uucioi Jjiu'iiiLrd Grnix. iriio pureii&MKl from 

*ViuniHi JiiLi WlihuiL Troiii Tjlil iroiij Aw^i/iriiiiituiJ' irooi Wiliuiiu T«;i»i jicd Bar- 

Ibuac Wiittn^.'ii ciiuuiiUii lUider Wiilikm Trent. Tiikf from Assign- 

J<icLuj*'J WLiii,!toii. JoiiL T'»'Jd. Jr.. uijd Jaiucf Ti»dd. cbLimjkct*^ under 
Williaii" 'J rviii 'J'itit iroxii LuM wiij und Teioaixioui oi WiUiam Trent. 

h5i:.ruii 'JivM Suib ^ Aiiii'. Raviij'.'DJ. ISiiiLiij ^ MiOT Baekfi, jLiid John 
Tn.^i.i '-lu:a!i*.L i" uticicr WiliiiiUi Trvi.l n- wt-K i..»r ibv rt-si'idue of 7,147, 
iL*. uuin*»'.! .-r'^r liuilv bviJ I v LiUi. u- t»f 2s(i. be iiuu imrciiaiseJ from 
J','Lii OriuN^'V. Til!'. iK'Uj A?s-ji:nn>t:iji fr-iii Jvbii Ormrbr U» Wjlliam 
Tn/ut Lu»-: wii' h\A Tc-Uiuivut -d VTiIliiini Trcui. Xo. of shares, 
0,177. ^<'o "f -iiMJi?*^ btl'jLjr r :: t-«' ibv • -j'lirirjitl L'.»idci>. 7.4^ 

Fni'Uf;*?^- iio'.'J J'jLti A Kijiii Abiri-w?.. Inb-Ui-Uii M cliji ire, William i 
Aiiiit Jrwii. ^jio'. A: M^ir^k' Tb'.'Uj]M»L. Tb:*^. k Mjirlbii I>aDCiiD. Caihtfrinc 
Ciiiletidcr Lhd i^•^•.J'l vullf^T.. Jcr. flujiiiiAUT- ut)'Jit Bfil»en Callander. 
Till*. lip>uj lii*rt W !; iLud Tcr*au.Tueui oi J^'Kn Cidlrndfr No. of shares, 

l>iivid FmLk*r--<»nir'iJiil irrhJi; fr-n: ibr «x NL";i'.«D&- No. of i!>harc6, 
^i-OiC; Nuiii+»er*^ of" ^L^r'.-^ btloLiriij:^ u* ibe ••rifi'inal Holder!?u 3,097. 

J<Abe|.'b ^iiJL]'.»iihi — ' •• j-'Tiiil iTaut from tbe six NalioIJ^. No. of is^hares, 
4.r'-^2. Nutijf.K:'!' ol *-bar<.^ hei'/Liiriii:! lo tbc uriiriniJ b'»ldcre. 4,S22- 

Levy Ar)'J»vw L.-vv — ctriiTLaJ Graiit fn.»m ibc «ix NalioIl^. No. of 
^biirc**', ':5.r>97 : Nuiuber*; uf -bare* l«el'»D^pUi: to ibe ori^nal boldt-rtu 3,097. 

J>avid Fra Tjk*. J^^'.-j-b Siinoris. Levy Aiidrew Levy. Sarah Trent, 
!>utfiud A: Ar»h<.' Ilavnf t i Nalba!' Be4■k^ ixvA 3ilarv Btr<:-k^. and John 
Trvnt. •■iairjmTitfr ur.-j.-r p; ,'.ti bov]..-. Tiilf troiii A^Mirnment to David 
K^urJk^. Jo^^ri.b .Sili.^.*^l^. Lfvv Andrew Lew and William Trent, and 

f « • 

Wjlliaiji TreiiT*- wj!] N • •>! ^ba^c^*, 7S4 ; Nunjl»cr oi &baiv6 belonging 
Uj ibt oriiriijul boMcrt*. 7^4. 

'J'b'>lJJa^ 8iJialliijarj^.»rii^iijal Gn»nl fr«»m ibe mx Nations. No. uf 
^barofr. 774. 

Gt^>r:je Wiliiam Provo*»l. Aui^u&iiiic Pr<.»vct>i. Jame> Pn»vc»sl, Henrv 
Provo*»t, Loui<i Provo-^i Cbarluiie Provt/M. and Su^alJrla PrL»vo»t, chil- 
dren ui .Su^aiina Pp^vom. dixeaMMi. t.iaiiiianii» under Tb<»ma5 Sniallnian. 
Title from Ahhig-nmeni Uj <Tcor<^e Cri>irban. Georire CroghanV last will 
and Testament No. *A shares. 774; Number of sbaret» l»elonging to 
the original holder^, 1.54S 

Bdward Pennington. Kol>ert Morris. Joseph Galloway, and William 

Pollard. *»un'iving A?».signet*s of . elaimunts under John Baynton. 

Samuel Wharton, and Ge«»rLr«* Mi»rgan. Title fr«»m Assignment. No. ot 
hhare^. HJ}'jfK \*tM2h. 5.4<m». Numl^er oi -^barcs Kloni^ing l«» the ^iriginal 
holderh. .'^0,55i>. 

Hamuei W barton. Admlnl^t^ator **i Jubn Weleb. Margarei, relict of 
John Welch. John Welch, Gerani Welch. Joseph Welch, Abraham and 



LAl^EKlu.L 0\ r^l.iTK !'r.!»i:n>^ 8fi 



&S3 (."{itunnt art liicMi oi iij- w-uiov 31144; I'liiuin^i. •»: Mu inTsh{»iuj> »»: i»S 
cbDdrei/ : Suniuei Whunoi iu*iiu: jiiiniiui^tnnir am ;. •riMliffr mi ,^Mtii 

£dniiiTid Mnrui. Evai. Shi.»lhy Sanin«* P*wtii».;l;\vt»it4:. un«i ,lat»i liih 
xki*- ij:x Z^aiiniif— iiii iir^i liiTv.i owhhl^ 4tili stiun> <mh'Ii uh*: ih< hist 

Edwurti Coil (!Uiiniuiii imdi*? .iintiUirj. Wnj-^ini, Tvih trnn. A^^il'I" 

Htsbs :ii I»t*iiiii^ v-r<?r*iiiii iiiinKr> uiiL'nf^vi . ."ij. riiwi*;^ uimm*! r^oiiiiK 

Paiti<T*»CiTi. •luiii.fii* Ti»'«njfr*i<»i. I.!'.: n:;>;h»»<'»t Tr».'Jii|w.-.r. .Ifcin*},?!^ i.n.i4': 
WIIlutTu Tiir»niji**f'ii T'lU ir »». m>; ^ ... 4*fiw t<»-i.)4fr».-i'i .»' \A . iMarf. 

boldt-r^ 3(«<; 

Rkriuoxi X^^are., cUinutH 1:1*61-1 At^rUrtkUn. M.urif-n T\\u- tV.r.i jissjifn 
merjU No. erf shanks. ci5- 

John DuTi'iAfu Bi4TTi«'l I^uriiiS A;.t.j4 T>.n v.^ Hi .rv nh.J 7M./-.jJx'tli 

ants undoT Jami^s' I>nni1a4s. Jarrji^ I^urtiji^v. Thii;v;A> l>nn«]as. ur\A \hvH 
ham Mitcbi'll w<ri>e Joiralv iTiUn^siod. ^r*ij hohi T<>4 >h,*»n>s. .l^mos ?ii>«i 
Thoma-i Dundas- hol-iini: ono tthooiv Thomiis n is v?4^1. assi^rnoi hi> 

died inloiale, IcaTiug six children, wh^^o uAnio< urv^ in iho fii>l <NMnmn. 
except Sarab Scnba. who dio«1 inK>>iAU>. lo^ri^.^: S^n^h K\\y^ ScriK^. 
her only child. No. oi Shr.r\*s, ;>52. Numlvr <>l ^h,*^i\^ Ivlonj^injj: lo 
original bolder. TlH. 

William Floyd, John Slophon Guonun. J*>s Jnoquvvs dt^ Pionone, 
claimants under John Ormsl»v. Tillies tVt>m Assi^^nnuMU l^x^m John 
Omwby. No. of shares ro^pe<.* lively. Gi><^. M>\K i»oo. No. ol sh»r\*s hoM 
by original holders, 1,500. 

William Temple Franklin, claimant under Willi;\n) Fmnklin. Title 
from Assignment from William Franklin, who ihouirh not nanu'ii in the 
deed from the six Nations, was inloresled in ihls p»x>ptM*tit>n hototv (ho 
said dce<l was executeiL No. ot shaivs, 5,39i». No. of sharv^s holon^inu: 
to original holders, 5,399. 



36 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Joseph Galloway, claimant under Geo. Crogban. Title Assignment 

Aujnistllth from Geo. Croghan, who, though not named in the deed from the six 
Nations was originall}' interested in this proportion, in the considera- 
tion for which the said deed was executed. No. of shares, 1,125. 

Owen and Mary Jones, and William Fisher, claimants under George 
Ci-oghan. Title Irom the last Will and Testament of Thomas Wharton, 
and of Martha Wharton. No. of shares, 1,125. No. of shares belong- 
ing to original holder, 2,250. 

Tench Coxe, George Morgan, claimants. Title, a deed executed in 
pursuance of a resolution of the Indiana Company, dated March 28, 
1782. No. of shares, 150 each. No. of shares belonging to original 
holders, 300. 

James Wilson, claimant under a Deed executed in pursuance of a 
Resolution of the Indiana Company, dated December 27th, 1781. No. 
of shares, 300. 



August 12th Negro slave, Tearn, property op Lucy Purvis, pardoned. 

At a Court of oyer and Terminer, held in Spotsylvania County on 
Tuesday, the 15th day of May, 1792. for the trial of Tern, a negro man, 
slave, the property of Lucy Purvis, who stands charged with feloniously 
and burglariously breaking and entering the Dwelling House of Mary 
Adkins, of said County, with a felonious intent, carnally to know, and 
by putting the said Mary Adkins in bodily fear, to ravish her, the said 
Mary. 

Present — Gentlemen Edward Horndon, Thomas Strachan, Thomas 
Colson, William Stanard, Thomas Towles, Stockley Towles. 

Oliver Towles, Esq., Deputy Attorney for the Commonwealth in the 
said County of Spotsylvania, now present in court, gives the said Court 
to understand and be informed that Learn, a negro man-slave, the prop- 
erty of Lucy Purvis, (at present hired in the service of George W. 
Spooner of the County aforesaid,) on the first day of April, one thous- 
and seven hundred and ninety-two, with force and arms did felonionsl}' 
and burglariously in the night-time of the day and year aforesaid, and 
between the hours of seven & twelve at night, did break and enter the 
dwelling-house of Mary Adkins of the said County, and on the day and 
year aforesaid at the county aforesaid, did bi'eak and enter the said 
house as aforementioned with felonious intent with force and arms, car- 
nally to know and b}' putting the said Mary Adkins in bodily fear, to 
ravish her, the said Mary, contrary to the laws of this commonwealth 
in such cases made and provided, and also contraiy to the peace & dig- 
nity of the same. Whereupon, the said Tearn was led to the Bar in 
custody of the Sheriff of this county, and being arraigned of the prem- 
ises, he said ho was in nowise thereof Guilty, and for his trial according 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 37 



to the Aot of Asflcmbly in such case made, he put himself upon the 1792. 
Conrt; and thereupon sundry witnesses were sworn and examined, ant! August 12th 
the said Tern heard in his defence. On consideration whereof, the court 
arc of opinion that he is guilty of the charge aforesaid as in the indict- 
ment against him is alledged; and thereupon, it being demanded of him 
if anything for himself he had or knew to say why the Court here to 
Judgement and execution against him of and upon the premises should 
not proceed, he said he had nothing but what he had before said. 
Therefore it is considered by the Court that he be hanged by the neck 
until he be dead. And it is commanded the Sheriff that he cause exe- 
cution of this Judgment to be done on the 16th day of June next 
between the hours of Ten & four o^cl'k of the same day, and the court 
values him to Eighty pounds Current money. 
The minutes of these proceedings were signed — 

EDWARD HERNDON. 
From the Records. 

A Copy — Teste: 

JAS. CHEW, C. S. C. 

And at a Court Continued and held for the said county of Spotsyl- 
vania the seventh day of August, 1792: 

Whereas it appears to the court that Tern, a negro man, slave, the 
property of Lucy Purvis, was on the 15th day of May last, arraigned 
and tried for feloniously and burglariously breaking and entering the 
dwelling house of Mary Adkins, of the said county, with a felonious 
intent carnally to know, and by putting the said Mary in bodily fear to 
ravish her, the said Mary, and thereof found guilty, and had sentence 
of death parsed upon him ; and ordered to be executed on the sixteenth 
day of June last, but before the said sixteenth day of June last, (there 
being no Jail in this county for the confinement of criminals), the said 
Tern made his escape fi-om the guard to whose custody he was commit- 
ted. And now, at this day, to-wit: (a majority of the court here pres- 
ent), the seventh day of August, 1792: the said Tern being retaken, on 
the motion of the deputy Attorney for the Commonwealth that this 
Court would now order their former Judgment to be put in Execution 
upon him, the said Team, for the Felony aforesaid. On consideration 
whereof, and forasmuch as the court had cause to doubt the validity of 
Testimony on which they gave their former Judgement, and are also 
now made acquainted with some other circumstances favourable to the 
condemned, do postpone ordering their former Judgment to be put in 
Execution until the next Court, and do unanimously recommend the said 
Tern to his Excellency the Governor and Council as a fit subject for 
mercy. 

In Testimony whereof, I have — 



38 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. II. Knox, Sbcbetart or War, to James Wood, Esq.. Lieutenant- 
Governor OF Virginia. 

Aa^nst 13th Sir: 

War Depart- I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 

ment ^^^j^ instant, encloning copies of a letter from Authur Campbell, Esq., 

Lieutenant of Washington County, dated July 19th, and from Colonel 
B. Wilson commanding the Harrison Militia, dated 21 July, also in- 
forming of the departure of his Excellency Governor Lee for the south- 
western Frontier. My Last letter from Governor Blount wais dated on 
the 4th of July. He mentioned that he had then called into service a 
troop of Horse, without specifying the numbers which would serve as 
an escort for him and General Pickens to Nashville, for which place they 
should set out the next day. As the goods were to be accompanied by 
some respectable Chiefs of the Cherokees down the Tennessee, together 
with the proper crews and Guards, Governour Blount did not seem to be 
apprehensive of danger. 

It is to bo greatly desired that Governour Blount should terrainuio 
all the disputes with the neighboring Indians, and find some other way 
than actual force to keep the refractor}- part of the Chiccamagoes quiet. 
If war shall once commence with the Cherokees, it will be difficult to 
prevent its spreading generally throughout the southern Tribes. 

The result of the Grand National Council of the Cherokees held at 
Estanaula, from the 26th of June to the fii*st oi' July, appeared lo bo 
favorable to a genenil pacification. This council granted the Escort of 
the Chiefs to the goods, afler which it is not probable that an\' individ- 
uals would attempt violence thereon. 

Had any injury been attempted either upon the party with the goods 
or the Governor, it is most likely that we shouhl have been informed 
thereof before the present time. 

It is therefore much to be hoped that the information given by the 
Chief mentioned by Colonel Campbell, of the bad designs of the Chero- 
kees was not well founded. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your most obed. Servant. 



Aujnist 18th Jas. Innes to the Hon. James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Sir; 

I beg leave to submit to you the within Communications, which 
have this moment boon made to me by Mr. Campbell, I have promised 
that Gentleman to recommend Micajah Burton to the clemency of Gov- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 39 



ernment, Being convinced that hiH obtaining a pardon will be conducive 1792. 
to the furtherance of public Justice. I take the liberty to advise the August 18th 
adoption of that measure to the Executive. I presume it will be expe- 
dient immediately to have the persons informed against, apprehended, 
and to take the necessary caution to ensure the punctual attendance of 
Barton at their Examinations. 

I have the honor to bo, most Respectfully, 

Y'r Ob't Servant. 

I state, in Confidence, to the Attorney-General of Virginia, these 
facts: 

That one Micajah Burton confined in Jail, & for trial at the next Dis- 
trict Court for passing false coin, knowing it to be so, is capable of dis- 
covering persons principally concerned in this business; that Burton is 
indeed but an ignorant accomplice with them ; that he is a young man 
of good fame — of good connexions; that he will give evidence for the 
Commonwealth if he can receive a pardon from it. 

ALEX. CAMPBELL. 



Francis Boykin appointed Sheriff of Isle of Wight County. August 19th 

The Commonwealth of Virginia — 

To all to whom these present letters shall come, greeting: 

Know ye that the Court for the County of Isle of Wight having 
failed to nominate agreeably to law, fit persons to execute the office of 
Rheriff for the said County, our Lieutenant-Governor (in the absence of 
the Governor) with the advice of the council of state, doth hereby con- 
stitute and appoint Francis Boykin, Gentleman, sheriff for the said 
County vice Geo. Bemm, who is unable to give bond according to law. 

In testimon}^ whereof, those our letters are sealed with the seal of the 
Commonwealth, and made patent. 

Witness, James Wood, Esquire, our said Lieutenant-Governor, at 
Richmond, on the 19th day of Aug., 1792, and of the Commonwealth 
the seventeenth. 

[Seal.] JAMES WOOD. 



Jacob Kinney's Bond as (.'lerk of the County Court of Auousta. August 2l8t 

Know all men by these jiresents, that we, Jaeob Kinney, Alexander 
St. Clair, William Bowyer, William McPbeeters, & Alexander kelson, 



40 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. are held and firmly bound to Henry Leo, Esquire, Governor of Virginia, 
August 2l8t and hiu BUcceBHorB in thai office for the time being, in the perBonal sum 
of one thouBand pounds current & Lawful money of Virginia, to which 
payment well and truly to be made we do hereby bind ounjclves, our 
heirs, executoi's, & administrators. Jointly & severally, firmly by these 
presents, sealed witb our seals, and dated this twenty-first day of August, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & ninety-two. 

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the above 
bound Jacob Kinney hath this day been appointed clerk of the County 
Court of Augusta, now if the said Jacob Kinney shall dulely and faith- 
fully execute his office as clerk of the County aforesaid, and shall not 
remove or carry, or suffer to be removed or carry d out of his county afom- 
said, the records or ))apers of his said Court or any part of them, except 
in cases allowed by law, Then the above obligation to be void, or else to 
remain in full force k virtue. 

Signed, sealed, & acknowledged in open Court. 

JACOB KINNEY, 
ALEX. ST. CLAIR, 
W. BOWYER, 
WM. MoPHEETBRS, 
ALEX. NELSON. 

August 2l8t At a Court held for Augusta County, 21st day of August, 1792: 

This bond was acknowledged in open Court by the subscribers thereto, 
and is ordered to be certified. 

Teste : 

J. KINNEY, C. A. C. 



August 21st At a Court continued and held for Amherst County the 21st day of 
August, 1792: 

Ordered that it be notified to his Excellency the Governor of Vir- 
ginia that proper attention has been paid to his letter, bearing date the 
6th of July past, to this Court, re8j)ccting pensions, and that on the 
strictest enquiry, we cannot discover that there are any such in this 
county. 

Copy — Teste : 

W. L. CRAWFORD, Clk. 



August 24th A. Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Castlewoods On Monday nigbt last, I returned from the pursuit of the Indians 

Fort Lee that did the mischief in New Garden on the 12tU of this instant. I hud 



CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 41 



started with thirty-four men to Kentucky to rout some Indians that 1 1792. 
was informed was camp'd there, and supposed to be the ones that visiied August 24th 
this County. I had not marebed more than seven or eight miles, whon 
an express came to me of the mischief done in the Garden, in the fol- 
lowing words: that four persons were killed, 12 or 14 prisonei*s taken; 
the number of Indians not known, but not less than forty. I immediately- 
changed my rout, and I suppose such a chain of mountains was never 
crossed by any sett of men before, and fifteen days provisions on our 
backs. The distance I had to march before I would strike their ti*ail 
was one hundred and fifty miles, unless I had fell in too far bebind them. 
My intention was if possible to strike Sandy river low down, so as to 
be before them or shortly after. On the 17th, in the evening, I struck 
the river, about four miles below the station evacuated by our people 
last spring. We found there only the sign of some coming into the 
settlement, which we supposed to be the same. There was no person 
with me that ever had been at the station, and I expected if I could 
find it to see more sign, but unluckily took the wrong side of the River 
and thick cane-breaks, and was at a loss to find it. I halted and sent 
two of the scouts in search of it. They had not been gone but a few 
minutes before they returned and s'd from the noise of fire and smoke 
that the Ilouses were then fired, but could not cross the River to be 
certain. I then found myself in a disagreabhi situation, as I fully ex- 
pected they were thei'e, and I knew nothing of the recovery of the 
prisoners. As we had made considerable sign on both sides of the 
River, and were then on the contrary side from them, I knew delay 
would not do. 1 expected if the station was afire, that they were about 
to move off, and of course would fail oil our sign on which they would 
immediately murder the prisoners; to prevent this, as I had chosen men 
and my anxiety to save the lives of the prisonei*s, I divided my men, 
determined to risk a battle with half their number, as I had then no reason 
to believe their number to be under forty. I sent one-half down the 
River to cross, and march'd the other party up and cross'd a small dis- 
tance above them, so had they have left the plyce we would meet. As 
soon as I got over we found the Uouses were not fired, but had encamped 
in the yard by the direction of the smoak, for the weeds, cane, and Hemp 
was so tall that we could not tell their number, nor even see them untill vve 
were within fifteen steps of them, and Just as we got sight of them, and 
our guns presented, they discovered us and run. Several guns were fired 
at them, but as they were in a few steps out of our sight, cannot be 
certain that any were killed, but one. We got every kind of arms & 
accoutrements they had. and nine horses they had stolen from the Gar- 
den, which 1 restored to the owners. As they are gone naked and with- 
out either arms or ammunition, I doubt their ever seeing their own 
cocintry. It may bethought this murder might have been prevented; 
the (jurden was considered safe, for since the fii'st settling of it there 



4'j <;alendah of state papers. 



171^2. liUH l>ocn but one ))orHon killed, and that five or six years past. Thoro 
AiiKUMt 2ll)i wuM but lew men to guard tbe places that appeai*ed to be more exposed. 

In my opinion tbe most effectual metbod to save this county, which 
I believe to be tbe most exposed of any now in the State of Virginia, 
would be to raise troops to servo a considerable time, & aller winter 
(juarlurH to be bore on any fix'd day early in the Spring and have a 
chain of GtirriHons from one end of the county to the other, some dis- 
lance from tbe Inhabitants. With this encouragement, all the Laud 
lying within tbe (jrarrisons would be stowed thick with people. If this 
method of defence should be taken, and I meet your consent, I would 
lake the command and have the troops in readiness, provided I was 
under the command of no officer, but under the direction of the Execu- 
tive. It would be necessary to know this early, as many of the most 
expert woodmen now in the company would again enlist, and men long 
kept in that service are much belter than new troops, unacquainted 
with the woods or the Indian manner of war. Mr. Kent also hopes, if 
troops are continued for a lime in this frontier, from the general acquaint- 
an(*e he has with the Inhabitants and satisfaction rendered to soldici*s & 
officoi^H, to n^eet your approbation for a continuance in the business. 

I was, on my return from Sandy, exti'emely unhappy to hear of your 
departure without seeing you, for no pei*suasions or any other method I 
can take will convince the people of the folly of their careless manner 
of living, and appear to be under no apprehension of danger, where they 
have the gri^Uost right momently to exi>ect it. 

In one of your letters to me you mention monthly returns of the 
^iorvico oi the soldiers. I am at a loss how it is to be done. Accidental 
iH>nveyances aiv not io bo mot \rilh ot\en — by Express would be expen- 
sivo. The militia sent to our tu^islanco will, I fear, In? of little service, 
a> I hoy slay but a few days — untill some of them think they have a 
nghi> v^ take iho UlK^rty to iviurn. 

I am. with res|HX*U 

Y*r Kxcolloncv's mo. ob't Servt, 



\^^^ :Mih KuuAKi^ Kknnon i\> Honorable Jams> Wk^d 

Sir 
Mv^'^WnKs Your> b\ Kx prv."^^> %*! lh\*^Hh in^l. i^mc lo hand yo&'lcnlay oviuing 

I imnu^h;*lolv j^vl an otlivvr and woni U» ihc hv^us*.* oi Siophm M&llcl. 
>^h\vm I havo rvxviYwi. Hi> >*vii. Frank Malk*lU ha> Ni^nu* liwc a^^* fldl 
irvvn\ lhi> |v^n \*i ibo ^\^t»sry. ami hA>. I K*Jicvi\ carric^i whh hiin ibc 

jtwj^ioi«\n\i^ I Kavv ><\at\ h\i iho |^law iavmk»rKxi by Mr. Bur 

UM\. i^^\>t \,an vvn»\ 6nd A . ^Iiiib I Mi|»|xt?^^ is u>od U*r nsuniiur iho 

i"N^|»|vr \**t uh,vh \l»c\ i^Ulv. *> J8 ;s the -Ntic jfcr.j >h^v t'*! jk .ic^iiau". 1 
b^w AJH.^ l\Hi^ >\**wa >ivjiil |^>c\> -i^ *^i^^icr, a i^Avv i>< niM^nr vbich 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 43 



hu8 been melted, and several pieces of crucibles. This day week 1 have 1792. 
fixed on tor Stephen Mallett's examination, should Burton be sent up Auj^iist 24th 
here. YouM please be particular in your directions respecting him, as I 
suppose bis obtaining his pardon depends in a great measure on his con- 
victing otbera. 

It is my opinion that there are several who have been concerned in 
passing this counterfeit .noney whom Burton must know; and although 
I believe Mallett has instructed l^irton to make the money, yet I believe 
Burton has made a great deal of it himself, as some things have been 
found in his shop which authorize this opinion. A man named Robert 
Burton, who worked with Burton, has gone off with Frank Mallett. He 
is supposed to have been concerned in this business. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your ob't Serv't. 



J. Petton to the Governor. August 27th 

Sir: 

I have agreably to your request, purchased in this place 40 quarter Winchester 
casks powder, 1,226 lb. Lead, and 1,500 Gun flints, which was duly for- 
warded to Col. McClung, as will appear by his Receipt; a (^opy whereof 
you have here inclosed, as also an account of the several purchases 
made by me, amount £151, 5, V. currency, which sum has been dul3' 
advanced on the occasion b}' Mr. Smith in consequence of the supervis- 
or's letter, in whose favour I have drawn a bdl on you for the same. 

I have been particular in taking proper vouchci's in this business, 
which for fear of miscarriage on the way, T have retained in my posses- 
sion until I have the pleasure of seeing you in Richmond, which will be 
in October next, or should they be wanting sooner, they can be for- 
warded. 

If what I have done on this occasion has your approbation, I shall be 
extremely happy, and do assure you that the powder forwarded was in 
the opinion of Captain Babb, who chose it, as good as was ever fired. 

I have the honor to be with the greatest Respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant. 



CALENDAR OF STATB PAPKUS. 



1792. An Account ot uinmiiiiiiinii piirchaHod ))}■ John Peyton for the Statu 

Au|ptflt27tli or Virginia. & forwnntucl by him to Col. MrOlung agronMy to inntnii' 
ttonn recoivod I'roin liin Rxr«llcm-y, llio finvornonr, in July, 1791: 



' 


. 


.. 




" 




1.- 


_; 


5 




of whom imrrhfuicil. 


II 


J 


1 


-\moiinl i-wl. 




§£ 


i 


1 




Itobcrt Slicnai-cl, 


1 


_ 


1.60IJ 


5. 3. li. 


DnnicI Mftilon, 


2 


_ 


_ 


5. 0. 1). 


l{oburt Gray, - - - - 


A 


150 


- 


11. 5. 


John McAlirtlor, - 


8 


143 




11. 1. C. 


Coiii'l'« D'Lm.Rliliii, 


- 


IliO 


_ 


4. 0. 0, 


ThomaB Cmitwoll. - 


- 


1111 


_ 


2. 15. 0. 


Abraham Nclll, 


:i 






7. 10. 0. 


Jamos G. DowJoll, 


1 


_ 


_ 


2. 7. 0. 


Will. Gi-ovcmaii, 


2 


107 


— 


7. 36. (1. 


Richard Uolliclay, - 


7 


- 


- 


12. 5. fl- 


Jainos llolliJay, - 
JoKiph Tidbllll, 


_ 


12« 


- 


3. 4. II. 


f, 


234 


_ 


Ifl, 111. li. 


Charios O'Noalu, - 


1 


94 


_ 


4. 12. II. 


Joliii Koaa, ... - 


1 


_ 


_ 


2. 10. 11. 


Mi». McOlay., 


1 


- 


- 


2. 10. 0. 


JamcnRimmcIl, 


1 






2. 10, 0. 


Ailnni DoiiglaM), 


i; 


lOfl 


_ 


17. 10. 1). 


John Connoaln, 


3 


- 




7. 10. 0. 




40 


1.22C 


1,50(1 


£125. 13. 


Two Ikixl'h loi' Load, coopciajro 
Aa cxDiws to C'apt Bublj, 


Ac, 






7. (!, 








4. 0. 


Paid llol>crt Wilson tor traii«|w 


rliUio! 






25. 0. 0. 




(•^f^^ ^ n 



Note. — Rjicii cask of powiler wei)zliii 



K'tt — orrors oxco pt<^i. 

J. PEYTON. 



I Received July 19lh, 1792, of Mr. John Peyton, by the huntU of Allan 
Thompson, Wajifroiicr, Thirty-nino whole and one hrokcn qunrlor cankti 
(junpowdor, two boxes of load, and one bii;; of fliiitn. (which nf^reably 
to Mr. Payton's letter to mo,) contains one tiioiisand pounds of powder, 
twelve hundred and twcnty-nix |ioiinils lead, and lll^cen humlred fliiits. 
There ap|H'!irs to In; about twelve pounds of the powder lost out ol the 
broken Kogg, which I think is owing lo the bail ICo^g, and not to any 
noy;cct of the Waygonor, The iihovo nmmunition to ho used for the 
defence of Monongalia District, 



A Copy; 



WM. MrCLDN(.i. 



OALKNDAR OF STATK PAPERS. 45 



Thomas Anderson to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

It is with reluctance I set down to trouble you again respectiniij the August 30th 
transactions of our Court, but, Sir, after perusing the sequel of this Buckingham 
letter, doubt not but the goodness of your heart, as well as your wish ^"" ^' 
for regular and due administration of Justice, wdl pardon me for the 
libcrt}* I hereby take of informing that at our May or June Court last, 
a motion was made for adding to the list of Magistrates, bj" recommend- 
ing a number of Gentlemen to the Executive, in order to bo commis- 
sioned. This motion T then opposed as improper, there being but a thin 
courl, and introduced an order by which the sheritf was required to 
notily to every gentleman in the county who was comprised in the com- 
mission of the Peace, that at the next court a new arrangement of 
the commission was to take place; And that the court then sitting 
requested the magistrates, as well as those in the commission who had 
not qualified, to give their attendance, or to signify from under their 
hands whether they intended to qualify and Act. That the court might 
see whether they could with propriety ask for more members of the 
Executive. This order was executed in part by the sheriff, and reported 
to court, who thought proper to continue it for another court that it 
might be complealed. It was continued until August Court, at which I 
attended the first and second day, during which nothing respecting the 
business was done. And I am informed, on the third or fourth day, the 
Court, consisting, no doubt, of membei's to suit their own conveniences, 
proceeded to recommend sundry gentlemen to the Executive as proper 
persons for magistrates, without having the order aforesaid compleatl}' 
executed. I shall say nothing about the gentlemen recommended further 
than I believe some of them are very good men, and might answer the 
purpose very well, but they live most of them in one neighborhood, where 
three or four of the present magistrates are within a few miles of one 
another, and there is not a magistrate within fifteen miles of me, and I 
will venture to assure some as proper persons as any in the county live 
in this neighborhood. 

This, sir, is like some of the proceedings of our court during the 
admipistration of Edmund Randolph, Esq., who without any hesitation 
refused to Commission the Gentlemen recommended by a Court con- 
sis^ting of so small a number; and, sir, all I have to request now, is that 
your Excellency will not commission the gentlemen now recommended 
until the court have the arrangement agreable to their order of Ma}' or 
June last, as there are about forty gentlemen who have acted and who 
are still comprized in the commission of the peace for our County, and 
to add to that number while they have it in their power to serve, would 
I think, be making the office too cheap for us to support that dignity 
which is absolutely necessary to enforce the laws properly; and, sir, 



46 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Hhould it be found ncccssury to add to our number, I think it higlil}^ 
August IM)th proper that a Quorum of the magintrates of tlie County fthouhl i>e pres- 
ent. I am 8orry it is not in my power to send you the order of Court 
r 'speeting the Business. The Clerk's office being twenty miles from 
me, but, sir, if it is necessary, I will procure and wait on you with 
them in Riclimond. 

1 have on!}' further to add that the now arrangement of the militia 
will require perhaps a number of new officei's, and the more there be in 
a neighborhood, the better chance for preferment, as in the case of 
Sheriffs. With res|)ect to tiie case of Mr. Jefferson, of which I formerly 
wrote, am happy to inform that at m^' instance, the Court reinstated 
him, and the rc(»ommendalion, I suppose, is or will be sent forward 
shortly. 

1 am. Sir, with due respect. 

Your Excellency's mo, ob't Serv't. 



August 30th David VVaud to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Russell Co. As your Excellency was pleased to appoint me to employ some per- 

son to clear a road from Russell Courthouse to the settlement of He 
Tebeauf and the other French Emigrants, Agreable to an Act of the 
last Assembly, 1 have in obedience to your instructions, employed 
Henry Dickenson, Esq., to execute that part of the act, who has accord- 
ingly cleared the said road agreable to contract, and is entitled to tlie 
sum of thirty pounds, for which sum be pleased to direct the Auditor to 
i^sue his warrant. 

I have honor to be, 

Your Excellences most obcd't and vcrj' Humble Serv't. 



August 30th Richard Kennon to Hon. James Wood. 

Sir: 
Meoklenb'g Yours of the 27th instant was this day handed mo by Liploug, 

who has also delivered Micajah Burton, whom I this moment committe<i 
to the custody of the Sheriff. Mallott's examination will bo to-morrow, 
the result of which I shall communicate to you oariy next week. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Yr. ob't Serv't. 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 47 



James Innes, Attorney-General, to tue Governor. 171)2. 

Sir: 

Unless the original lists on which Mr. Stuiirt tbunded his indict- August 30th 
nients against tho delinquent sheriffs can bo regained, those very neces- 
sary prosecutions will inevitably be defeated. I think therefore, it may 
be expedient to keep them upon the Docket until the next term of the 
court, in expectation that tho Documents essentiul to support them may 
be recovered. 

With respect to the money which has been peculated from the public 
Revenue, so soon as the precise sum can be specified and ascertained, I 
have no doubt but that it may be recovered by the solicitor, on a motion 
against the High sheriff notwithstanding they may have obtained a 
quietus fmm the Auditor; But if that mode shouM prove ineffectual, 
which I do not apprehend, the principal sheriffs may undoubtedly be 
sued on their official bonds. 

Fi-om Mr. Stuart's representation, the conduct of tho clerk of Augusta 
wears a suspicious aspect. For any mal-practice or misfeasance in 
office, he is indictable in the district Court, if indeed he has connived at 
or in any manner been accessary to the secreting or destruction of the 
original Returns of the sheriffs, he ought to be removed from his clerk- 
ship, which by the constitution of this state can only be effected by 
filing an information against him in the General Court. 

I have tho honor to bo your 

Most ob. Serv't. 



Trial of Watt, a slave, the Property op Isaac Coles, of Hali- August 30th 

FAX County, for Murder. 

At a Court of oyer and Terminer held at the Court House of Pittsyl- 
vania County the 30th day of August, 1792, for tho trial of Watt, a 
negro man, slave, belonging to Isaac Coles, of Halifax Count}', on sus- 
picion of having feloniously stabbed and killed Simon, a negro man, 
slave, belonging to the said Isaac Coles. 

Present — William Todd, Stephen Coleman, James Johnson, Vincent 
Shclton, William Clark, Gents. 

The said Watt was lead to the Bar in custody of William Waixl, 
(Tcnl, Sheriff of this County, to whose custody & on the cause aforesaid • 
he was committed, & it being demanded of him whether he is guilty or 
not guilty of the fact wherewith he stands charged, answered not gnilt}' ; 
whereupon the Court proceeded to examine divei-s witnesses as well on 
behalf of the commonwealth as the Prisoner at the Bar, who was fully 



48 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. heard in bia own det'onco. On consideration whcroof, the Court is of 
August iJOth opinion that the said Watt is guilty of the fact wherewith ho stands 
charged, & therefore it is ordered that he be Remanded to the Goal of 
this county & there to remain until Friday, the 12th day of October 
next, & that be be then conveyed to the common place of execution & 
there between the hours of 12 & 2 o'cl'k in the afternoon ot the same 
day, be hanged by the neck unlill he be dead, and the said Watt in 
valued by the court to seventy-five pounds current money of Virginia, 
which is ordered to be certified to the next General Assembly for pay- 
ment. 

Signed by — 

WILL. TODD, (ieni. 
A Cop3' — Teste: 

WILL. TUNSTALL, Jr., CI k P. C. 

Auj?ust .lOth I'pon the trial ol Watt for the murder of Cimon, the said Watt was 
found guilty upon the following evidence: 

The witness declared ihat he heard a dispute between the said Watt 
& Cimon, & upon Watt's swearing an oath, which was very unusual for 
him to do, that the witness was induced to go to his door to sec what 
was the matter, when he saw Cimon with a hoe-helve raised over Watt's 
head as if to make a blow at him; at the same time he saw Watt strike 
at Cimon, but did not discover that Watt had a knife in his hand. A 
scuflle ensued, and the witness went immediately to them, which was in 
the yard of the House of the said Cimon & distant about fifly yards from 
the House of the witness, & upon his getting to the place where they 
were, Watt got up with a knife in his Hand, & Cimon expired instantly 
in consequpnce of a wound he received in his left Breast. The witness 
asked Watt if he had cut him ; his answer was that he had, and that he 
had a great mind to kill venus, who was his (Watt's) wife. But at 
the instance of the witness he threw down the knife, and shortly after 
lamented the accident very much. It was proved that Watt & Cimon 
had lived upon good terms, & that Watt was a peaceable well-disposed 
pei'son; that the quarrel was occasioned by a F'it oi Jealously on the 
part of Watt, and, in the opinion of the witness, well toun<led; and that 
from the beginning of it to ('imon'.s death, could not have exceeded n 
very few minutes. 

Given under our hands. 

J AS. JOHNSON, 
WILL. TODD. 

Aujfust :59th To the Sherifl* ol" Pittsylvania County, 

Pitlsylvania, Sc: 

Whereas, Watt, a negro man, slave, late of this County, was this day 
committed by my warrant, it appearing to me that he is guilty of mur- 
der, Therelore. in the name of thib Commonwealth, I require you that 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 49 



you i^ummon the Justices of your said County to meet at the Court- 1792. 
bouse on Thui*s(iay, the 30th of this month, then and there to hold a August 30th 
Court for Examination of said Watt, and that you have then there this 
warrant. 

Given under ray hand, this 24th day ot August, 1792. 

VINCENT SHELTON, 
A Copy — Teste; 

WILL. TUNSTALL, Jr., Clk. P. C. 

Pittsylvania, Sc : 

Inquisition Indented taken at the Plantation of Isaac 
Coles in the County aforesaid, the 24th day of August, 1792, before me 
William Todd, one of the Coroners of this Commonwealth, for the 
county, aforesaid, upon the view of the body of a negro named Cimon, 
then and there lying dead, and upon the oaths of Daniel Shelton, Sen'r, 
Beverly Shelton, Armistoad Shelton, William Shelton, Reddick Shelton, 
Vincent Shelton, John Shelton, West Dandridge Hurt, Spencer Shelton, 
William Porter, Joel Shelton, Abraham Shelton, good and lawful men 
of the County aforesaid, who being sworn and charged to enquire on 
the part of the Commonwealth where, when, how, and atler what man- 
ner the said Simon came to his death, do say upon their oaths, that 
Watt, a negro man, slave, ot the said County, not having God before his 
Eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the Devill, on the 
23rd day of August, 1792, with force and arms, at the Plantation of the 
said Isaac Coles, in the County afoi*osaid, in and upon the aforesaid 
Simon, then and there, being in the peace of God and this Common- 
wealth, feloniously, voluntarily, and of his malice aforethought, made 
an assault, and that the atoresaid Watt then and there with a certain 
knife made of iron and steel, of the value of two shillings, which he, 
the said Watt, held in his hand the aforesaid Watt, in and upon the left 
side of the Breast of the said Simon, the s'd Watt then and their, 
violently, feloniously, voluntarily of his malice aforethought, struck and 
pierst and gave to the said Simon then and there, with the knifo afore- 
said, in and upon the aforesaid lett side of his breast of the s*d Simon, 
one mortal wound of the breath of one and one-half inches, of the 

depth of J of which said mortal wound the aforesaid Simon then 

and there instantly died, and so the said Watt then and their feloniously 
killed and murdered the s'd Simon, against the peace of the said Com- 
monwealth, in witness whereof, as well the aforesaid Coroner as the Jurors 
aforesaid after this Inquisition, put their seals on the day and year afore- 
said, and at the [)lace aforesaid. 

WILL. TODD, Coroner. [L. S.] 

DANIEL SHELTON. L. S. 

BEVERLY SHELTON. L. S. 



60 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. ARMISTEAD SHELTON. L. S. 

August 30th WILL. SHELTON. L. S. 

REDDICK SHELTON. L. S. 

VINCENT SHELTON. L. S. 

JOHN SHELTON. L. S. 

WEST D. HURT. L. S. 

SPENCER SHELTON. L. S. 

WILLIAM PORTER. L. S. 

JOEL SHELTON. L. S. 

ABRAHAM SHELTON. L. S. 

Pittsylvania, Sc: 

To the Sheriff or Keeper of the Jail of the County of PittBylvania: 

1 Hend you herewith the Body of Wutt, a negro man, slave, taken & 
brought before me for feloniously killing and murdering a negro man, 
slave, the j^roperty of I^aae Coles, wherewith he stands charged. There- 
fore I command you, the said Jailor, to receive the said Watt into your 
Jail and custody and him there to keep until he shall be thenco dis- 
charged by due course of law. 

Given under my hand & seal this 24th day of August, 1792. 

VINCENT SHELTON. [L. S.] 

A Copy — Teste: 

WILL. TUNSTALL, Jr., cl'k P. C. 



August 31st James Jjyle, Jr., to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Btaunton In answer to your Excellency's favour of the 8th of Juno, I do 

myself the honor of informing you that the original Insolvent lists in 
the handwriting of the persons charged in several indictments then 
depending in the District Court of Staunton, were delivered by mo with 
the other papers & Records of Augusta Court, to Alexander McClehachan 
on the 2nd day of October, 1791. 

My suspicions on this subject produced extreme caution — (I had no 
less than four respectable witnesses to their delivery). They were 
created at first from the intimacy which appeared to prevail with Mr. 
McClenachan and the pei*sons accused ; all of whom from the comnience- 
ment of the prosecutions, became my enemies. I was at length eon- 
firmed in this opinion by McClenachan himself, who confessed thnt one 
of the accused had been importunate with him for my removal; the 
sequel of this business has sufficiently Justified my precaution and sus^ 
picions. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 51 



MeClanachan hath since rosignod his office, the condition of which 1792. 
will appear from the enclosed copy of the Record of that transaction ; Aupiiat 31st 
perhaps I may not view this transaction as favourably as some others, 
as I intended to be candidate in case of a vacancy. 

I have the honor to be, with sentiments of high Respect, 

Your Excellency's Most ob't, Huml. Scrv't. 

At a Court held for Augusta County, Aug'st 21st, 1792: 

Present — George Moffett, William Bowyer, Alexander Robertson, 
Thomas Hughart, Elijah McClcnachan, Alexander St. Clair, William 
McPheeters, John Tate, David Stephenson, Richard Mathews, James 
Kamsay, Robert Douthat, Alexander Nelson, James Searight, William 
Moffett, Joseph Bell, Jr., Alexander Humphreys, William Robertson, 
Gent. Justices. 

On the motion of Alexander McClcnachan, Gent, clerk, to resign his 
clerkship, provided the court would appoint Jacob Kinney cPk in his 
stead; the Court having taken the same into consideration, agreed to 
accept his resignation on those terms. 

Whereupon the said Alexander McClcnachan did make a resignation 
of his office aforesaid; which being accepted, the Court proceeded to 
api>oint Jacob Kinney clerk of the county of Augusta in his room, who 
thereupon took the oaths prescribed by law, and entered into Bond & 
security as the law directs, which is acknowledged by the obligors seve- 
rally in court. 

To the proceedings of the Court in the resignation of Alexander 
McClenachan, Alexander Robertson, David Stephenson, James Ramsey 
& William Robertson, Gents, entered their dissent, because the}' conceive 
that the acceptance of a conditional resignation iscontrarj' to the consti- 
tution of Government. 

(A copy.) 



Arch'd Stuart to the Governor. AogostSlBt 

Sir: 

1 have this day rec'd a letter from the Lieutenant-Governor, inclos- Staunton 
ing a report of ye Attorney-General on the subject of ye sheriff of Au- 
gusta, & am still at a loss respecting what is supposed to be my duty in 
ye business. To be sure, if yo quantum of money due ye public can be 
ascertained, there can be no doubt of its recovery, & the only Doubt is 
whetbor that quantum is to be ascertained by a suit on ye sheriffs 
bond, assigning mal-practices as a breaches of the condition, or whether 
should that be thought improper, an action of deceit would lie; and if 
so, in whose name should ye suit be brought. If Mr. Attorney supposes 



62 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. a motion could be sustained h}* ye ftolicitor, the shortncBS of ye Remedy 
August :U8t & ye publicity of ye trial, I trust, would recommend that mode to your 
Excellency, & nhould it fail possibly an opinion during its investigation 
would be drawn from the Judges which might bo instantly purHue<i. 
But should this mode be declined, I will cheerfully in the fii'st instance 
pui^sue any direction given me. If I am to begin it, I wish to receive 
from Mr. Attorney explicit directi<ms as soon as possible. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most ob't, H. Serv^t. 



Sept, 2<1 David Blount to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Knoxville Yesterday I had the honor to receive your letters of the 15th March 

and 14th September by the hands of Mr. James Thompson, accompanie<l 
by Mr. Jessee Evans and Mr. John Brackinridgo, who also delivered me 
sundry Documents touching their complaints. It would, as you assured 
them, have afforded mo great pleasure to have given immediate redress 
to their wrongs, but that is to be found in the Courts of law only, in 
which 1 have no doubt but Justice will be impartially administorcd. if 
demanded, as speedil}' as the multiplicity of Business before them will 
permit. 

I am, sir, truly sensible of the value? of an exchange of good offices 
with the dignified state over which you preside, and shall bo over happy 
in rendering such on the part of this Territory. In doing this I shall 
indulge my inclinations as well as consult the soundest maxims of policy. 

I have also to acknowledge the receipt of your letter on the subject of 
the Boundary line between the Commonwealth of Virginia and this 
Territory, inclosing an Act concerning the same, and your Proclamation 
for the pi^omulgation thereof. 

Whether Henderson's line is right in preference to Watkins*, or the 
contrary, or whether either is right, 1 conceive is yet to be determined; 
but North Carolina having exercised Jurisdiction to Henderson's line 
from the time it wa.^ run without any objection on the part of the State 
of Virginia, to the time the State of North Carolina passed the Act of 
cession, and after to the dissolution of the Government of North Caro- 
lina as to the part ceded, and the organization of the Territorial Gov- 
cft'nment thereon, a terra of more than ten years. I conceived it my dutj' 
as Governor, also to extend the Jurisdiction of tho Territorial Govern- 
ment to Henderson's line, and still believing it my duty, tho law of Vir- 
ginia, and your proclamation, notwithstanding, I shall continue to oxer- 
ciso it to that Line, until I shall receive instruction to tho contrar}'^ from 
the federal Govern mont. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 53 

It is obftcrvablo that the act of Virginia declaring Watkins' line to be 1792. 
southern boundary' is founded upon a RoHolution of the Lcgirth\Lure of Sept. 2d 
North Carohna, establinhing that Lino aa the boundary between Vir- 
ginia and that state, and not upon the principle that that lino is pre- 
ci»ely where it ought to be, and no doubt that resolution and your act 
eflTcctually fixes that as the Line between North Carolina and Virginia; 
but it is equally clear that no Resolution or act of North Carolina passed 
after Congress had accepted the cession of that state, which is unques- 
tionably the case with the Resolution on which your Act is founded, 
can be so construed as to bind the United States to consider that Line 
as the boundary between Virginia and this Territory. I have stated the 
circumstances respecting the boundary between Virginia and this Terri- 
tory in the clearest terms I am capable of, to the Secretary of State. I 
have my hopes that some measures will shortly be taken to terminate 
the dispute, and I assure you that I heartily lament that any cause of 
controversy should have arisen which may distrust the Harmony which 
1 ardently wish ever to exist between the Commonwealth of Virginia 
and this Territory, an<l that 1 have the honor to be with vary groat 
Respect, 

Your obedient Humble Servant. 



Arthur Campbell to the Governor. ^pt. 4th 

Sir: 

The inclosed letter from Col. G. Christian ma}' give necessary in- Washington 
formation respecting the part Governour Hlount has acted in opposing county 
the laws of Virginia respecting the southern boundary of the State. 
The alarm of the Inhabitants in the Western extremity of this county 
was occasioned when your Excellency was in these parts — no damage 
was done. 

There is no doubt the Chorokees are acting hastilely against the Uni- 
ted States, chifl}' under cover of the war *vith the northwards. I expect 
every day to hear of a blow struck in Powell's valley, or on the Ken- 
tucky path. We hope the Chock taws and Chickasaws have not acted 
in the late Treaty merely to amuse the superintendent and receive pres- 
ents, but that something beneficial will be the result. 

I am, sir, 

Your most ob. Servant. 

August 8th, 1792. 
Dear Sir: 

1 have received a tew lines from you wherein you request a 
copy of Govemour's orders to mo respecting the Jurisdiction and claims 



64 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. wc have to the Lands and people between the lines. Some time ago I 
Sept. 4th wrote to you in full my sentiments on the subject agreably to the cession 
Act; at which time J had no special order respecting the people between 
the lines, and I wrote to the Governour to know how I should act. He 
sent me orders in these words. **that I was to pa}' no respect to the 
claims or to the Jurisdiction that Virginia had to the lands between the 
lines, but to punish offenders against our laws so residing as elsewhere. 



Prom your friend. 



GILBERT CHRISTIAN. 



To Col. Arthur Campbell. 



Sept. 4th Charles Taylor's Bond as Clerk op Montoomery County Court. 

Know all men by these presents, that wo, Charles Taylor, John Tay 
lor, Abram Trigg, Prancis Preston & Henry Patton, are held an<l firmly 
bound unto his Excellenc}^ the Governor of Virginia, for the time 
being & his successors, in the sum of Ten thousand pounds currefit & 
Lawful money of Virginia; to the payment of which well & trulj' to b(! 
made, we bin'l ourselves, our & each of our heirs, Executors & ad minis 
trators firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals <fe dated the 4th 
day of September, 1792. 

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the above 
bound Charles Taylor is this day appointed to the office of a clerk lo 
the County Court of Montgomery, now if the said Charles Ta3'lor shall 
in all things appertaining to the duties of the said office, well & truly 
demean himself as clerk to the said CouH, and in all and everything or 
matter respecting the said office of clerk, do and perform the same 
according to law, then the above obligation to be void, else to remain in 
full force & virtue. 

CHARLES TAYLOR. [Seal.] 

JNO. TAYLOR. [Seal.] 

ABRAM TRIGG. [Seal.] 

FRS. PRESTON. [Seal.] 

HENRY PATTON. [Seal.] 

Montgomery County, September Court, 1792. 

The above bond with securities, was entered into and acknowledged 
in open Court according to law. 

A copy — Teste: 

CHARLES TAYLOR, C. M. C. 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 56 



James Innes to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

1 take the liberty to advise that Mr. Stuart bo directed to institute Sept. 7th 
suits against the High Sheriffs of Augusta on their official bonds, for 
ihc defaults and mal-pi*actices of their deputies, which will, 1 believe, 
be the most eflfbctual mode of ascertaining the probable sura which has 
beeu plundered from the public revenue. Those suits should be insti- 
tuted on the names of the persons to whom the Sheriff's bonds are 
given, who are, I presume, the magistrates of the County of Augusta, 
tho. very frequently they are taken in the name of the Governor for the 
time being and his successor, and sometimes in tho name of the Com- 
monwealth of Virginia, in either style an action may be sustained. 

I have the honor to be Respectfully, 

Yr. most ob*t Serv't. 



Ebenezer TO Gen. James Wood. Sept. 7th 

Dear Sir: 

I received your letter dated at Richmond, June 25th last, and Wheeling 
am happy to find the Executive show a Disposition to give protection 
to the Distressed Frontiers of this County. The Detachment of Rangers 
you mention from Conaway is not yet arrived. 

The ammunition you say was ordered from Winchester to Morgan- 
town, a part of which \vas intended for this County. I have heard 
nothing of its being brought into the County. I have spoke to Coll. 
Shepherd respecting the ammunition; he says he has bad no instruc- 
tion from Government respecting the Gunpowder. 1 have also spoke 
to Capt. McMacben; he does not say that he has any instructions about 
it, and being a Federal officer, it appears to me his attention is in a great 
measure taken from the security of the frontiers of this County. 

1 have the fullest confidence that you will assist our Delegates in 
making the necessary arrangements for the security of the Frontier the 
next summer. 

The Indians have Killed, taken and wounded Eleven pei*soiis in this 
neighborhood since you was here last summer, and would in all proba- 
bility have Killed or Destroyed a great many more had not the dry sea- 
son we had this summer been a detriment to them. 

I am, sir, with Respect, 

Your most Humble Servant. 



66 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Sept 10th It is with ploanuro I communicato the account of return of Col. 

Uardin to Fort Washington. This narration is concisely this, that he 
reached the Sandusicy Village unmolested ; but was there made a pris- 
oner with the man that accompanied 'him — both of whom was con- 
demned to death, and the Col. had the affliction to be a spectator when 
his fellow traveller was committed to the fldmes. The following day 
was allotted tor his Execution, but in the night eight young men of the 
Wyandot tribe stole him from his keepers, concealed him some days in 
a wood, and then set out with him for Fort Jefferson, where they all 
arrived safe. We are assured that the Illinois and Wabash Indians aix) 
disposed to treat with the United States for peace, But that the Miamis, 
Chippewas, and the Shawanese & Dolawares continue inveterate enemies. 
This intellis^ence comes from Post Vinceunes. Governour Blount has 
had an interview with a number of the Cherokee Chiefs since his return 
from Nashville. He with warmth complained of the depredations of 
their disorderly young men, and added his people would pui-sue & kill 
all that was met with, if an instant stop was not put to future attacks. 
An old chief answered laconically That his people had guns and could 
shoot too. On our frontier northwardly, all is quiet since the affair in 
the New Garden. 

1 am, sir. 

Your most obedient serv't. 



Sept. 10th Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky, to the Governor op Vir- 
ginia. 

Sir: 
Lexington I have now the honor of transmitting to your Excellency a copy of 

'^y* a Resolution of the Legislature of this State, relative to the Title papei's 
of Lands within the same. 

With every mark of Respect and Esteem, 

I have the honor to be, sir. 

Your mo. ob*t and very Humble servant. 



Sept. 11th John Youno sentenced to Death vok Horse-Stealino. 

At a Court held for the District composed of the Oninties of Frede- 
rick, Berkeley, llampshire, Hardy and Shanando, at Winchester, on Sat 
urday, the first day of Sept., 1792: 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 57 



Present — Richard Parker & James Henry, Esqrs., Judges. 1792. 

Among the Records and proceedings of said Court, are the following, Sept. 11th 
to- wit: 

Virginia, To-wit: 

The Jurors for the Commonwealth of Virginia summoned from 
the body of the District composed of the Counties Frederick, Berkeley, 
Hampshire, Hardy and Shanandoah, and within the Jurisdiction of this 
Court, upon their oath present that John Young, otherwise called John 
Young, late of the Parish of Frederick in the said District, and within 
the Jurisdiction of this Court, Labourer, on the fifth day of August, in 
the present year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and ninety- 
two, with force and arms at the Parish aforesaid in the said county of 
Frederick, in the said District and within the Jurisdiction of this Court, 
one hoi-se ot a black colour of the price of Ten pounds of the goods and 
chattels of one Moses Mercer, then and there at the said Parish in the 
s'd county of Frederick, in the said District and within the Jurisdiction 
of this Court found, feloniously did steal, take, and carry away against 
the peace and dignity of the Commonwealth. 
A True Bill. 

RICHARD K. MEADE, foreman. 

Tuesday, the 4th day of September, 1792: 

The same Judges present. 

John Young, otherwise called John Young, late of the Parish of Fred- 
erick, in the county of Frederick, Labourer, who stands indicted of 
Horse-stealing, was led to the Bar in custody of the keeper of the Dis- 
trict Jail, and thereof arraigned and pleaded not Guilty to the Indict- 
ment, and for his trial put himself upon God and the Country. 

Whereupon came a Jury, to-wit: 

Thomas Kennon, James Bruce, John Donaldson, Charles Smith, James 
McDonald, George Kizer, George Bunch, William Eskridge, John Bell, 
Ames Frost, Meredith Helm, and Acquila Dyson, who being elected, 
tried, and sworn the truth to speak of and upon the premises, and 
having heard the Evidence, upon their oaths do say that the said John 
Young, otherwise called John Young, is Guilty of the Horse-stealing 
aforesaid, in manner and form as m the Indictment against him is 
alledged; and thereupon he is remanded to Goal. 

Tuesday, the 11th of Sept., 1792: 

The same Judgf^s present. 

John Young otherwise called John Young, late of the parish of Fred- 
erick and county of Frederick, Labourer, who stands convicted of 
Horse stealing, was again led to the Bar in custody of the Keeper of 
the District Jail, and thereupon it being demanded of him if any thing 

for himself he had or knew to say why the Court here to Judgement 

8 



58 CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. and Execution against him of and upon the premises should not pro- 
Sept. 11th eeod, he said ho had nothing but what he had before said. Thereupon, 
it is commanded by the court that he be hanged by the neck until he 
be dead, and that execution of this Judgement be made and done upon 
him the said John Young, otherwise called John Young, by the Sheriff 
of Frederick County on Friday, the nineteenth day of October next, 
between the hours of ten in the forenoon and two in the afternoon of 
the same day, at the usual place of Execution. 

A copy — Teste : 

J. PEYTON, Clk. W. C. 



town 



Sept. 12th William MoCleery to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Moi^n- I was honored with the receipt of your favour of the 26th of June, 

advising me of a quantity of ammunition which you have oi*dered to 
my care for the use of our frontiers, viz: 1,000 lbs. powder, 1,500 flints, 
and 1,226 lbs. lead, which agreeably to the marks on their packages, 
came safe to hand, except a q*r cask of the powder that was stove in the 
waggon, from which little of the powder was saved. 

Agreeably to your request, I forwarded your letters to the Captains 
McMahon and Lowthor, both of which I have since seen, and requested 
them to remove the quotas of ammunition they designed for each 
County, into the Counties respectively, for the convenience of the peo- 
ple in the frontiers, but it remains in my hand, except what I have issued 
to the rangers in this county, owing I suppose to their having enough 
for the time being, having been careful of their former supplies, but we 
(less provident), ware obliged to break in upon it immediately upon its 
arrival. 

I can say little about the management of the officers and rangers in 
Ohio County, as they lay at a considerable distance from me, and from 
the present arrangements no report is necessary to be made here, not- 
withstanding, 1 am persuaded (from my knowledge of the Gentlemen 
who hath the command), that every thing is right. 

Captain Lowther hath visited the stations in this County once, and I 
firmly believe is doing every thing in his power for the benefit of the 
frontiei-s, and believe me, I shall always think myself happy when I can 
oblige the state or you, more especially when I can thereby promote the 
happiness of the Western Country'. 

Mr. John Davis, a delegate for this County, will hand you this, whom 
suffer me to introduce as a gentl'm'n of my acquaintance. He is a 
young member, and may want information, and any civility you ma}" 
think proper to show him, will be gratefully acknowledged by him. 

Who hath the honor to bo with Great Esteem, 

Y*r Excellencie's most ob't servant. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 69 



Sam. Coleman to the GovEaNOR. 1792. 

Sir: 

The quantity of coal requisite for the General Assembly and for the Sept. 14th 
Executive the ensuing winter will be 800 Bushels, which Mr. Robertson Council 
has engaged to supply, provided the carriage thereof can bo advanced ^ ^ 
as the coal is delivered. 

The sum of ten pounds on account advanced to me for that purpose, 
shall be duly accounted for. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency*8 most ob't serv't. 



H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. Sept. 15th 

Sir: 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of you»' Excellency's War 
favor of the 7th instant, which was highly acceptable as it contained ^P**"^®^^ 
the first information of the safe arrival of Governour Blount, General 
Pickens, and the goods at Nashville. 

The frontiers on the Ohio were m a state of general tranquility on 
the 7th instant. The waters of that River were lower than wore ever 
before known, which prevented the descent of some detachments from 
Fort Pitt to Fort Washington. 

The troops under General Wayne had assembled in considerable num- 
bers at Fort Pitt, and he was assiduously employed in disciplining them 
for the nature of the service in which they are to bo employed. 

The tranquility of the Frontiers may probably be ascribed to the 
deliberations of the hostile Indians on the pacific overtures made to 
them, notwithstanding the certain loss of poor Major Trueman, who 
was killed by an Indian hunter and a boy, and the probable fate of Col- 
onel Hardin, of which we have no certain account; yet it is highly 
probable Captain Hendricks, a friendly and sensible Indian of the Six 
Nations, arrived at the Miami River about the 25th of June, charged 
with the pacific desires of the General Government. 

A Great deputation of the Six Nations and the Canada Indians were 
10 follow, but from the time they left the vicinity of Niagara, it is not 
probable they have long arrived among the hostile Indians. 

I haye the honor to be. 

Your Excellency *8 most obed't, humble Serv't. 



{ 



60 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. William Lowther to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Sept. 15th I bavo the pleasure to inform that since about the last of July, the 

Harrison Ck). Indians has not made any incursions on this County Randolph, nor tbe 
upper parts of Monongalia County. Between the middle of June and 
last of July, the Indians made Ihree incursions; Took off about 22 
Horses, but happily took no lives. A party of my men stationed on tbe 
Ohio fell on the hvst company of Indians, Trail followed, overtook the 
Indians, wounded one, by appeanince mortally, and Retook the horses, 
whicb was 6 only they had. A few days allcr, the Indians captivated 
one man, who has since escaped before they got to their towns. He 
informs that the\'^ were determined to burn him. I keep strict look out 
and hopes it they break in past my Rangers and Scouts, that they shall 
meet the deserved ****** 

I have made out a pay abstract for the Rangers and Scouts in Harri 
son and Ensign liine, Morgan's Command, and has directed Lieut. Whit- 
man to make out a pay abstract for the Rangers and Scouts under his 
immediate Command. There is some imperfections no dot^t in these 
two abstracts sent by Mr. Mastain. I hope j^ou will correct and order 
payment. Sir, your kindness and uncommon attention to our frontiers 
by sending out General Wood has much spirited our destroyed frontiers, 
and the arrangement by him made gives satisfaction to every quarter 
of my attention as an officer. 

I have the honor to be. Sir. 

Your very Humble Servant. 



Sept. 16th Harry Heth to . 

Sir: 
Richmond Inclosed you have an amount of my purchases as Agent for the 

sinking Fund, leaving a balance in mj hands unappropriated of £2. 15. 7. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Y'r mo. ob*t serv't. 



Sept. 17th CuLPEPER County Court — Proceedings op. 

At a Court held for Culpeper county, the 17th day of September, 
1792: 

Present — James Barbour, James Slaughter, French Strother, Burk«* 
H. Davenport, Robert Slaughter, Henry Hill, John S. Slaughter, Wil- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 61 



Ham Chapman, James Scott, David Jameson, John Thompson, Mordecai 1792. 
Barbour, William Gru}', Henry Wartl, and Robert Cowne. Sept. 17th 

Ordered, that it be certified to his Excellency, the Governor, that 
John Slaughter, Ehjah Kirtley, Joseph Roberts, John Wharton, Walter 
Compton, and William Madison, Gentlemen, who are named in the com- 
mission oi* the Peace for this County, alter being called upon, refused to 
qualify; that James Pendleton and Samuel Clayton resign their commis- 
sions; that Cadwallader Slaughter has removed to Kentucky, & that 
John Johnston has departed this life. 

And it is further ordered, that it be certified that there are only 
Twenty-seven acting Justices of the peace in this County, to-wit: James 
Barbour, James Slaughter, John Green, French Strother, Edward Ste- 
vens, William Walker, John Waugh, Burke Davenport, Robert Slaugh- 
ter, Robert Alcock, William McManahan, John Wigginton, Harvey Hill, 
James Hord, John S. Slaughter, William Chapman, James Lett, John 
Strode, Benjamin Gaines, David JamesoU; John Thompson, Philip 
Slaughter, Robert Cowne, Mordecai Barbour, William Gray, Henry 
Ward, and William Stanton, Gent., and that there are some parts of the 
County where the Justices are from ten to seventeen miles asunder, 
which is complained of by the people and the Justices residing near 
those places as a great inconvenience. It is therefore ordered that John 
Thornton, Reuben Fry, William Brooke, John Pendleton, Merry Walker, 
& Thomas Broadus, Gentlemen, be recommended to his Excellency, the 
Governor, as fit and proper persons to act as Justices of the Peace for 
this County; and if not inconsistent, the Court request that a new com- 
mission be now issued directed as well to those acting Justices in the com- 
mission as those now recommended. 

A copy — Teste: 

JOHN JAMESON, C. C. 



J. Brown to the Governor. * g^p^ 17th 

Sir: 

Having some months ago complained by letter to Mr. Hay, one of Richmond 
the Directors of public Buildings, of the stoppage made by the direction 
of the Auditor in the flue to the fire-place in m}^ office — the smoke from 
which, instead of going upwards, descended into his. He referred me 
to the Executive as the only body possessed of the power of giving me 
redress, and having suffered much inconvenience last winter for want of 
a comfortable fire, which it was not in my power to procure after the 
alteration, I cannot longer defer bringing the matter before the Execu- 
tive and requesting them, if it is a case properly before them, to cause 
the obstruction to be removed, and the flue lefl as it was originally con- 



62 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Btructed. In ibiB request I flatter myself that I shall not be thought 
Sept. 17th unreasonable for the following reasons: Thai because it seems to have 
been intended that the offices in the Capitol should be enjoyed by the 
respective officers in the situation in which each took possession of them, 
and if any of them should be found subject to an inconvenience, that 
such inconvenience should he removed without doing an injury to an 
adjoining office; and therefore in the present case, if a stone from the 
construction of the flues becomes necessary to either office, it ought to 
be put up in that which was originally subject to the inconvenience of 
smoke Secondly, Because the Auditor, if his fire-place thro* which the 
smoke from mine enters his office & incommodes him, should be stooped 
up, would be then in a far more comfortable situation than I have been 
in since ho made the alteration, or can be placed in if the stoppage 
remains, as he has another room apparently large enough to accomodate 
three peraons, in which he can keep a good fire. And thirdly, because 
a stove, if it should be the only alternative, ought to be erected if pos- 
sible so as not to deface the exterior part of the Building. If one he 
put up in my office, the pipe must of neccssitj' go out thro* one of the 
office windows, but if in Auditor's office the pipe can, without it appear- 
ing on the outside, be let into the flue of the Chimney of his outer room. 
I shall only add that I do not remember to have heard that Mr. Pen- 
dleton has the permission either of the Executive, or of the Directors of 
the Public Buildings, to make the stoppage complained of. 

I have the honor to be, sir,- 

Your most Obed. serv't. 



Sept. 17th Benjamin Wilson to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Harrison Co. Inclosed is Copyes of the Sheriff's Bonds of this County since the 

year 1785. also a Bond taken by Court from the Commissioners of the 
State Road. Copys of some of these Sheriff's Bonds I have heretofore 
sent, but having mislaid m}' memorandum, I now make a full return. 
You will discover by these Copys that nine of them is taken for the 
year 1789. The Sherift* for the year 1788, Continued in office two years, 
occationed by J ohn Powers and Thomas Cheney, who were Commissioners, 
notfinding security. . The Sherift' for the year 1790 considered himself not 
obliged to give security for the Collecting of the Revenue of the year 
1790, as will fully appear by this return. 

I am, Sir, 

Your Humble Serv't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 63 



Joseph Hensley's Petition to the Governor. 1792. 

To his Excellenc}' Henry Lee, Governor of the Commonwealth of Vir- Sept. 17th 
ginia, and the Honorable the members of the privy Council: WsBhington 

The petition of Joseph Hensley humbly sheweth that at a Dis- 
trict Court holden at Washington County the second day of May, 1791, 
a conditional fine was entered against your petitioner for not attending 
the Court as a Grand Juryman; that unless he should appear at the then 
next Court and shew sufficient cause of bis inability to attend, the said 
fine would then be made final. 

Your petitioner further sheweth that at the October Court following, 
(He being altogether ignorant of the aforesaid conditional fine having 
been passed ag't him), he failed to attend to shew cause, in consequence 
of which the fine aforesaid was made final. 

Your petitioner humbly begs leave to refer your Excellency and Hon- 
orable body to the annexed affidavits of your petitioner, and prays the 
premises being considered that the fine aforesaid may be remitted to 
him. And your petitioner as in duty bound shall pray, &c. 

Washington County, to- wit: 

Joseph Hensley came before me, a Justice of the peace for the 
county aforesaid, and made oath that he was summoned by David Craig, 
a Deputy Sheriff for said county, to attend as a Grand Juryman at the 
District Court to be held at Washington Courthouse in May, 1791; that 
at the time he was summoned he told the Sheriff it was very inconve- 
nient on account of his farming Business, & requested him to summon 
Jas. Bradl}', a freeholder, who lived near the courthouse, & who prom- 
ised to serve in his room; for which reason he did not attend, fully con- 
fiding in Mr. Bradley's attendance, and that it was not done thro' con- 
tempt. 

Sworn to belorc me this 19th day of Sept'r, 1792. 

JAS. DYSART. 



To the President of the Society op the Cincinnati of the State Sept. 20th 

OF Virginy. 

Memorial of the officers now residing in the State of New York, of New York 
the late American Army, in behalf of themselves and their Bretheren, 
the soldiers of the said Army : 

New York, September, 1792. 
Gentloraen : 

The officers of the late army residing in this State, were 
convened on the 4th day of July last, to take into consideration comrau- 



64 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. nieations from different States on the subject of the unsatisfied debt due 
Sept. 20th from the Government to the Late Army; which meeting was adjourned 
to the next day, when certain resolutions were adopted and a committee 
appointed — a copy of which we herewith transmit j-ou. 

Another General meeting of the officers on the same subject was ealied 
by the paid Committee, to be held on the 3rd day of September, Inst., 
when his Excellency George Clinton and Captain Samuel Craig were 
added to the committee, and Joseph Brown, Esq., was chosen our Agent 
to solicit our claim and present the inclosed memorial to Congress early 
in their next session. We have every Reason to expect succesH will 
attend our application. 

We have the honor to be, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient Servants, 

GEORGE CLINTON, 
EBINEZER STEVENS, 
MARINUS WILLETT, 
SAMUEL CRAIG, 
G. LEACRAFT, 
JOHN F. VACHBR, 
JOSEPH BROWN, 
ISAAC LEDGAR, 
NATH. LAURENCE. 

To the Honorable, the Senate and the House of Representatives of the 
United Stales of America, in Congress Assembled: 

The Memorial of the officers now residing in the state of New 
York, of the late American Army, in behalf of themselves & their 
Bretheren, the soldiers of the said Army, Respectfully Represents: 

That your memorialisls, impelled by a laudable zeal for their country, 
entered the late army of the United States without paying any regard 
to selfish or pecuniary consideration, thinking the service to be only 
Temporary; but finding the duration of the war to be much longer than 
they at first expected, and that they were making a sacrifice of property, 
domestic ease and happiness, encountering the rigors of the field, the 
perils and vicisitudes of war, to obtain blessings which every citizen 
would enjoy in common with themselves, without any adequate com- 
pensation, in some measure their ardor cooled. Congress being fully 
satisfied that further arrangements were necessary, agreed on certain 
stipulations, which weie a ))roper and satisfactory provision. The army 
confidently i*elying on the plighted faith of their country for this pro- 
vision, have endured Hunger, poverty and want, without a murmur, and 
with cheerfulness have encountered Dangers which their profession de- 
manded, believing that at some future period a generous public would 
pour the oil of gratitude into their wounds, and cause their Grey Hairs 
to rejoice. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 66 



They take an honest pride in the part they have acted, and feel a 1792. 
Gratitude to Nature and Providence for having put it in their power to Sept. 20th 
be of some use to mankind. 

At the expiration of the war so glorious to the cause of Humanity, 
their accounts were liquidated; the Balances ascertained and certificates 
issued, yet, as no adequate Funds were provided for payment, such pay 
was visionary. 

The necessities of the army requiring a prompt payment to enable 
thom to resume their former occupations in Life, on which principle was 
founded the Basis of ail their stipulations with Government, for want 
of which they were obliged to part with the evidences of their well 
earned dues, for whatever public opinion stamped on them. What this 
was before the resources of our country could be brought into operation 
for their discharge, nebd not here be mentioned. Shadows have been 
given to your memorialists, whilst the substance has been gleaned by a 
set of men whose comparative merits is not for us to draw. 

The circumstances of a country may sometimes make it necessary 
that the voice of Humanity and Gratitude bo sacrificed for a while to 
that of policy. 

If other motives than those of Justice could be requisite on this occa- 
sion, no nation could ever feel stronger those of Gratitude. 

Whei*c is the man to be found who wishes to remain indebted for the 
defence of his own person and property, to the exertions, the Bravery, 
and Blood of othei*s, without making one generous effort to repay the 
debt of Honor and Gratitude? 

The debt now due the army is the price of their Blood, and of those 
seats which you have now the honor to fill as the Representatives of 
four millions of free fellow citizens, it is therefore more than a common 
debt; it is a debt of honor, which never can be cancelled until fairly 
discharged. 

If Justice, Good faith. Honor, Gratitude, and all the other qualities 
which enoble the character of a nation and fulfil the ends of Govern- 
ment be not the fruits of our establishment, the great cause which we 
have engaged to vindicate will be dishonored and betrayed, and its 
Patrons and friends insulted by the votaries of Tyranny and usurpation. 

Your memorialists bog leave to subjoin an extract of a Letter written 
by our Illustrious and much beloved Commander-in-Chief to Congress, 
dated at Newburg, March 18, 1783 : 

"For if besides the simple payment of their wages a farther compen- 
sation is not due to the sufferings and sacrifices of the officers, then have 
I been mistaken indeed. If the whole army have not merited what- 
ever a grateful people can bestow, then have I been beguiled by preju- 
dice, and built opinion on the basis of error. 

If this country should not in the event perform everything which has 

been requested in the late memorial to Congress, then will my belief 

become vain, and the hope that has been excited void of foundation. 

9 



66 CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. And if, as has been suggested for the purpose of inflaming their passions, 
Sept. 20th the officers of the army are to be the only suflterers by this Revolution, 
if retiring from the field, they are to grow old in poverty, wretched- 
ness, and contempt; if they arc to wade through the vile mine of 
dependency, and owe the miserable Remnant of that life to charity, 
which has hitherto been spent in honor, then shall I have learned what 
ingratitude is; then shall I have realized a Tale which will embitter 
every moment of my life. But I am under no such apprehensions. A 
Country rescued by their arms from impending ruin, will never leave 
unpaid the debt of Gratitude." 

Your memorialists confess they felt themselves much hurt at the 
silence shewn them in the late funding system; they however, submitted 
to it until the resources of our country should bo ascertained, its abilities 
to discharge all its debts, more especially those which have been incurred 
in its defence, cannot now be doubted; An inclination your raemoralists 
flatter themselves will not be wanting, particularly as the saving made 
to the Government by this system, out of the original conti'acts, will be 
more than adequate to their most sanguine wishes. 

We have, no doubt, from these considerations, that Congress will do 
that Justice to the late army which shall best accord with the circum- 
stances of their case and the honor of the United States. 

And as in duty bound, your memorialists shall ever pray, &c. 

In behalf of the late line of the State of New York in the service of 
the United States. 

BBENEZER STEVENS. 



Sept. 2l8t Geo. Clendinen to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Kanhawa I herewith Inclose you a letter addressed to me by Hugh Caperton, 

Esq., Capt. of the volunteer Company appointed for the defence of the 
Counties of Greenbrier and Kanhawa, which will In part discribe to 
your Excellency and the Hon'ble Board how far the directions of the 
Executive of Virginia were carried into effect, Respecting the protection 
by them provided for the aforesaid Counties. 

In your Excellencie's letter to me, wherein I was Informed of the 
provision by you made, I understood that a certain Col. Boon from this 
County had undertaken to pi*ovide provisions for such part of Capt 
Capcrton's Company as was alloted to the county of Kanhawa. Where- 
fore I Rested satisfied The ti'oops under Captain Caperton would be 
mustered at the place or places appointed by the Hon'ble Executive, and 
that every provision would be made for their reception agreeable to 
orders (that was necessary). However sacred those Might have been, 
they were not complied with, no Rations being forwarded. I am since 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 67 



taught to believe that Captain Caperton could not, or indeed did not 1792. 
tbtok it prudent to forward his men untill he was Inform of the arrival Sept. 2l8t 
of Col. Boon with Rations for their Reception, Consequently finding that 
a large body of Indians had actually invaded my County, I was under 
the necessity of embodying one of the militia Companies of my County 
agreeably to the ordinary mode; which Company were in service at the 
arrival of Captain Caperton, as will appear by his Letter of Directions 
which I have before mentioned. And finding that the same Reason 
which first prevented him from forwarding or continuing, his Company 
still existed, has from time to time requested and directed me to Con- 
tinue, in aid of him, these which I had in service on his arrival. I think 
some time between four or five months after said service ought to have 
commenced, Colo. Boon arriv'd at the Mouth of Kanawha River without 
any means of supply for said men; when, on being applied to by Col. 
Thomas Lewis if he had made any provision as Required, his answer 
was, that Capt. Caperton had not done the business to his mind, or words 
to that effect, and therefore he had not made any provision for the Re- 
ception of said men. 

A few days after the arrival of the s'd Colo. Boon, I went to the 
mouth of Kanhawa In company with Capt. Caperton, and heard Colo. 
Boon and him very fully (In my opinion) Investigate the nature of their 
several trusts; where agreeable to the same opinion, there appeared to 
have been a total non-compliance of the former, which occasioned the 
Remission of the latter. 

Previous to said Colo. Boon's arrival, I was under the uooessity, as 
well for Captain Caperton's Company (as the militia Company acting in 
conjunction with them,; to provide ways and means to secure their Ra- 
tions, or there would have been a total disband men t of the whole, and 
my county Inevitably depopulated; which exercions I have still con- 
tinued, and have hitherto b}^ some means or other been able to procure 
Rations and ammunition for them, tho' the last I have been able to get, 
I was under the necessity of sending for it as far up the Ohio as the 
mouth of Buffellew, a noted place which the Hon'ble James Wood (of 
your council), is well acquainted with. 

The Indian depredations are in my county in no measure abated; 
Therefore mean to Request your Excellency to forward to me on account 
a sura of money to enable me to com pi}' with the most pressing part.8 
of the contract, I- have made for Rations & ammunition for the aforesaid 
companies, and thereby to establish a credit so as to furnish while they 
are continued. This Request I am emboldened to make, as I am In- 
formed that sums of money has been advanced to those who have fur- 
uiflhed the different companies. 

I have directed the bearer hereof, Pleasant Weade, to communicate 
his business to Capt. Caperton & William Morris, Esquire, Representa- 
tives of this county, to wait on your Hon'ble Board with this, my Ex- 
press, and to deliver to him any orders, Letters, or other particulars 



68 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. that your Excellency may pleiiMe to forward to me. I refer you to 
Sept. 2l8t these two gentlemen for the news of the place, who can inform you of 
the many attempts which the savages has made on us the present 
summer. 

I have the Honor to be, with Great Respect & Esteem, 

Your Excellencie's ob't, H*ble serv't. 

P. S. If I rightfully understood your Ext^ellencie's letter of last spring, 
which is not at present before me, 1 apprehended that Colo. Boon wa« 
intrusted with ammunition for the use of the scouts. I applied to hira, 
but he denies having Received it. 

GEO. CLENDENEN. 



Sept. 22d Georqe Clendenin to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Kanhawa In my letter to you of yesterday, having many matters to mention 

to your Excellency, I barely mentioned our state of warfair in this 
County, which has been one continued scene of depradation. I cannot 
refrain from letting you know that the River Kanhawa was the dis- 
tance only between Fifty odd of the Indians and my Fort, for near two 
days. For my own part I was hot in the PWt at the time. I was on 
the River Kanhawa bringing provisions for the Relief of the place. My 
Brother who was principle Manager in the Fort, thought it prudent to 
act on the defencive; Indeed it was not in his power to act otherwise. 
At three different limes one hundred and upwards of the Indians have 
actually Invaded our County during the summer, and have i-eturned to 
their Towns or otherwise di8pei*sed without doing our County an}- par- 
ticular or great Injury. I believe the murders by them in this County 
are as few this year as they have been for several years past, although 
the exertions on the part of the Indians have been much greater than 
ever we experienced. We had reason to believe that a large body of 
them kept their Residence in the Remote parts of our County between 
us and the Kentucky Line during the whole season, and in oider to rout 
them Captain Caperton and Lieutenant Crockett, with part of Captain 
Preston's Company, met at my house or Fort, with a full determination 
to find them. But as it was not possible for me to furnish them suffi- 
cient Rations to cany on the expedition, Lieutenant Crockett was com- 
pelled to return, much mortified indeed at his disappointment. 

I have not as yet been informed whether an expedition will be able 
to approach far into the Indian Country this fall, or not. If they do not, I 
apprehend more danger this winter than I have during the whole sum- 
mer, as the Indians are so contiguous, and are so inveterate against us that 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 69 



I am convinced they will make use of every Iinmaginable advantage to 1792. 
destroy us. I therefore trust that every necessary precausion will be Sept. 22d 
made to protect us, for if the men now in service are disbanded before 
our army anoys them, tremendious is our situation, indeed. I fear I 
have been extremely troublesome in this Representation, but hope your 
Excellency will pardon. With me the subject of our defense is all im- 
portant, and still am not satisfied, for I fear have not fully made our 
defenceless situation known. . 

I have the honor to be, with groat Respect and Esteem. 

Your Ob't H»ble Serv't. 



James McGavook, Jr., to the Governor. Sept. 22d 

Sir: 

By means of your friendly sentiments of me, which reached the New Grarden 
Ears of my County Lieutenant, I have been appointed to the command Russell Co. 
of Twenty-five militia men at this place, for which I return my most 
cordial thanks, and meantime assure you that agreeably to j^our admon- 
ition, my abilities shall be exerted in the protection of the inhabitants 
here. Altho. 1 experience much satisfaction in acting in the defence of 
my fellow citizens, and doubt not but that the Commission I now have 
the honor to bear, is at least correspondent with my merits, I feel dis- 
inclined to do it under the immediate command of that officer, to whom 
objections were made by some of the field officers of Wythe, in a memo- 
rial to you, which memorial was improvidently forwarded by a friend 
of mine, before my return from Philadelphia last winter, otherwise it 
should not have contained m}'^ name, it being as far from my inclination 
as it was impracticable at that period to attempt to have the appoint- 
ment superseded. But true it is, I was much chagrined, being recom- 
mended to the appointment as an inhabitant of the county of Wythe, 
and having therefore been engaged in the same service; that a person 
less meritorious, and from another County, met with the preference ren- 
dered the mortification doubly mortifying. 

Permit me, by the by, to observe that I have the pleasure to believe 
that person got his appointment without your friendship or aid, and 
flatter mj'self that should any of the present Captains decline to act, or 
a greater number be considered necessary another year, you*ll kindly 
lend a supporting hand to an otherwise tottering interest and have me 
promoted. 

I have not taken the liberty to write to any of the councellors on this 
head, being unacquainted with them, and considering my character as 
yet rather too obscure. Any reason, therefore, I have to hope, is from 
your friendship, and perhaps the recommendation of some of the Dele- 



70 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. gates, should they be consulted on the occasion. Some Indian sign has 
Sept. 22d been seen since you left this quarter, but no extraordinary occurrence 
has intervened. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your H'ble Servant. 



Sept. 25th Captain Andrew Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Please to pay Colo. George Hancock, of Botetourt County, Tweniy- 
fivo pounds & charge to my acc*t, with the public, this money advanced 
by me for necessar}' Tools for Garrisons. 

I am with Respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't serv't. 




Sept. 25th Wm. McMachan to the Governor. 

Charlestown Dear Sir: 

Agreeable to your request, I have enclosed three Depositions 
which 1 conceive will \i^ a great measure support the Justness of the 
statement I layed before the Honorai)le Board concerning (.*api. Person 
and Captain Maguire, and also Absalom Wills going into Washington 
County to obtain a Runaway Negro, whom 1 have every reason to 
believe was flattered away from his master by that Pharisa*y.;al Society, 
as they stile themselves. Some of my reasons are simply these: the 
suits were brought by .Fudge Adison, one of the society, and Mr. Brad- 
ford, the state's attorney, was another of those Humane Gentlemen who 
was to conduct the suits — one suit brought in behalf of the state tor 
violating of the Law, the other in behalf of the poor Negro, Jack, for 
his master Detaining him in his service unjustly, who had raised him 
from a chdd untill that time, who was then nineteen yeai's of age. The 
penalty on the tirst sute, if Judgement was obtained, if I mistake not, 
is seventy pounds — one-half to the Informant, who was Judge Adison, 
and the other half to the poor of the Township. But when Mr. Davis, 
who supports as good a character as any man in the county, found him- 
self involved in Law, made application to Mr. Wills, as he has declaretl. 
Compromising the matter; but the (ientlemen, through their Humanity, 
took the whole price of the Xegro from Mr. Davis, but give no part to 
the poor; and through charity, if we can term it so. made him pay the 
cost of both suits, as appears by receipts now in my possession. 

As for the linlian affair, 1 have not taken any Depositions on the 
matter as Capt. Brady has inform me he had employed a Mr. Ross, an 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 71 



Attorney at Washington, to take several for him,. and fully expect he 1792. 
will stand his trial their, as he has been a spie employed in that County Sept. 26th 
the whole summer. 

And as to Capt. McGinnis' conduct in regard of his absconding from 
Justice, I shall refer you, sir, to Gen'l Wood for information, who has 
seen him in Washington, without his arms, in the open day. 

I have enclosed the amount of the * * within. I have issued to 
the Different * * to 3'our satisfaction, and hired horses at my own 
ex pence to fetch on the ammunition from Morgantown to Ohio, as that 
River would not admit at that time of any navigation. For news, sir, 
must reter you to the membei-s from this county. 

I am, sir, with Kvery sentiment of Esteem, 

Your most ob't, Humble serv't. 

N. B. 

Sir: 

I enclose two Rec'ts of the cost arising from the two sutes, 
to support the Destimony. 

Endorsed on this letter is the following: 

*'This Letter from Captain McMachan contains three affidavits & other 
pa[>ers respecting two several actions against David Davis concerning 
a negro criminating a Judge and State's Attorney in Pennsylvania, and 
Justifying the conduct of Parsons, McGuire and Wells, who have been 
demanded by the Executive ot that state for a violation of the laws of 
Pennsylvania." 

Statement of questions asked by William McMachan, Esq., and answered 
by James Miller, Esq., formerly of Ohio county. 

Question 1st. Did you hire a negro man of David Davis? 

Answer. I did. 

Question 2d. Did that Negro continue with you for the full time you 
engaged him for? 

Answer. He did. 

Question 3rd. What method did you pursue to bring said Negro back 
to your service? 

Answer. By Advertising a Reward of three pounds for delivering him 
to me in Ohio county. 

Question 4th. Did you conceive that Francis McGuire, Baldwin Par- 
sons, and Absalom Wells took that Negro and brought him to Ohio 
county, By virtue of 3'our Advertisement? 

Answer. I did. 

Ohio County, to-wit: 

Personally appeared James Miller before me, Robert McClowes, 



72 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. one of the State's Justices of the Peace for said county, and made oath 
Sept 2oth on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, that the answers to the above 
questions are true to the best of his knowledge. 

Sworn to and subscribed this 25th Day of SeptV, 1792. 

JAS. MILLER. 
ROBERT MoCLOWES. 



Sept. 2Gth David Shepherd, County Lieutenant, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Ohio Co. The present situation of our (/ounty is as follows: they are a fron- 

tier of about seventy miles, and are the most exposed to the Enemy of 
any in the Union, which Renders it impossible to live up to the Regular 
forms of the militia Law. But as I expect the great intent ot the 
Let^islature is to Defend the Frontiers in the best manner w^e possibly 
can, I have ordered the whole of them to endeavor to Defend themselves 
in the best manner that may be advisable. We had some hopes of a 
certain Captain Caperton coming to our relief, but this has failed us a8 
yet; but Capt. McMachan's company continues to do their duty, which 
is a great Relief to the distressed of our county. The people of our 
county humbly conceive that if Capt. McMachan's company could be 
continued through the winter, they would be ready in the Spring, and 
save a considerable trouble of Recruiting, as the General part seem in- 
clined to stay in the service if approved of by Government, 

For further information, the Bearer, Colo. Biggs, can inform your 
Excellency. 

I am, sir, with Great Respect, 

Your Huml. Servant. 



Sept. 27th H. H. Bragkenridoe to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Washington At the request ot Col. Benjamin Biggs, I do myself the honor to 

state to your Excellency what is within my knowledge with re«pect to 
the killing of certain Indians near the mouth of Beaver creek some 
years ago. by a party of which Capt'n Samuel Brady was one, and a 
certain McGuire. 

John Hambleton, of Alleghan}* county, Pennsylvania, some time last 
Spring gave me the following information, to-wit: that having a store 
on Beaver creek, at what is called the Block House, and a certain Wil- 
liam Wilson, of Pittsburg, being a trader and having a store there also 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 73 



at the same time, the party of Indians who suffered having been at that 1792. 
place also, for some time before on an evening of a day or two before Sept. 27th 
the attack was made by Brady & others, he, to-wit, Hambleton, over- 
heard a conversation in the Hut or Wigwams of the Indians, between 
an Indian of the name of Willingman and another younger Indian, 
called Indian George Giily. Willingmansaid we must soon leave the place; 
the red people have all agreed to be as one, & as soon as the Grass is so 
high, showing least our Trail, they mean to Strike the White people 
with vigor; and Oheimas — that is, the Bloody fellow — is now at a place, 
(mentioning a branch of musking day), with the war beet and the To- 
bacco to smoke. 

John Hambleton on this, taking an opportunity' that evening when 
Indian Girty was by himself, said to him : " my son, what is this, did you 
not promise to me that if ever you heard anything among the Indians 
that looked bad you would tell of it." Said the Indian: ''My Father, I 
OQght to have done it, and it is true that the red people are agreed to be 
R» one, and as soon as the grass is so high, to strike the white people 
with vigor, and Oheimas with the War Belt, Ac, with the Tobacco to 
smoke; and some days ago, mentioning the time, it was agreed by the 
Indians to strike you, and the Tomahawk was lifted up and almost into 
your head, but a sick Indian, mentioning same, that had come in at 
that time with peltry, said not yet." 

On this, Hambleton went up to Wilsons at his store, and told him this. 
Wilson, as Hambleton supposes, thinking it to be a scheme to secure the 
trade to himself by alarming Wilson unnecessarily, did not pay regard 
to it: but Hambleton crossed the River with his goods that very night, 
and it is his opinion that this intervention of Brady and McGuire a day 
or two after, by attacking the Indians, saved Wilson's life. 

John Hambleton I have known for eleven years in private acquaint- 
ance and in much business, and I know him to be sensible. Intelligent, 
mild, moderate in his temper, with great virtue, without fault or foible 
that I know, of great honesty and unquestionable veracity, and will 
pledge myself to produce this character, from the most respectable per- 
sons in our countr}-. I know no man that ever knew him that would 
not sign it. 

John Hambleton gave me to understand that his apprehensions of the 
Indians, tbo. apparently in a state of peace, was owing to his knowledge 
of their mode of commencing war, which is to strike without notice, 
and those first who are trading among them, sparing not the most favor- 
ite Trader, and at the commencement of the war before last, being 
then but a young man and a trader amongst them, was seized without 
notice of any hostile intention, tyed to a stake and to be burnt, but 
delivered by an indian woman, who was afterwards known b}' the name 
of the . This a fact well known in the western country. 

Hearing this from Hambleton, I committed his information to writing 

and hmx^ it in my office at Pittsburg, in the form of a deposition. Have 

10 



74 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. read it over to him more than once, as what ho was to make affidavit 

Sept. 27th of, but wanting to have it copied in a fair hand before he should go to 

a magistrate. Affidavit is not yet made, but will any time as Hamble- 

ton Haid. I may add that Willingman stole a horse sometime before, 

and brought him in. 

1 am with Respect, 

Yr. Excellencies ob't serv'U 



Sept. 28th .Ino. Peyton to the Governor, 

Sir: 
Columbia I am informed that our friend, Major E. Laugham, has it in con- 

templation to resign his command at the post at Point of Fork. Should 
he do so, 1 will beg leave to recommend Capt. William Price (who will 
be a candidate for the appointment), as a Gentleman well qualified to 
conduct the business. Ho lived with me as an assistant during the time 
I was manager at that places which gave him an opportunity of being 
well acquainted with the necessary dutys of the Post. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Y'r ob't serv't. 



Sept. 29th James Henderson to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Greenbrier I am constrained to address you on a matter in which you alone can 

^ " ^ do me Justice. Know then, that I have been named the first in the 
commission of the peace for this connty, and acted us first -sheriff trom 
the year 1778, untill November, 1780, when a new commission tor An- 
drew Donally came, and I again took my seat as a magistrate, after 
which, in the year 1783, Mr. James Alexander, and Mr. Samuel Williams, 
Gent., were named in the commission of the peace for this County, and 
qualified accordingly. The magistrates first named in the commission 
of the peace with myself, have all regularly succeeded to the sheriff's 
commission till this time, and as 1 served as a magistrate for near two 
years, after 1 w^as out of my nheriff 's place, before Mr. Alexander and 
Mr. Williams came into their commission. I think I am entitled to the 
Sheriff's place again before them, but in this our court differ in opinion 
with me, and have recommended Mr. Alexander and Mr. Williams, alledg- 
ing that each Magistrate should succeed in rotation, until the whole have 
their turns, without considering m3- previous service before they came to 
the commission. Therefore, if you consider me intitlod in this case, I 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 75 



hope you will do me Ju8tice. And for your better information, I refer 1792. 
you to Mr. Cavendish, now Representative, and have also inclosed you Sept. 29th 
the clerk's certificate of my service and Recommendation last year, 
and the opinion of the Court in my favour, provided it is my Right, 
from which opinion the Court have since dissented, not thinking me 
entitled. 

I have the.' honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most ob't Hum. Serv't. 



Otway Byrd to the Governor. Sept. 30th 

Sir: 

Inclosed I have the honor to transmit you a general return of the Charles city 
militia of this county. 1 beg to ofter as an excuse for doing it at this 
late period, the many resignations that took place with the Captains 
and other officers about the time pointed out by law, iCnd the consequent 
delay in obtaining the returns from those who succeeded to their com- 
mands. Should the Assembly take up the business of the militia of this 
C'ountry as is pointed out by Congress, and go into the appointment of 
their otticers, it is my intention to offer for the command of this Divis- 
ion, and should no other come forward, in whose behalf you feel 3'our- 
self more interested, I shall consider 3'our countenance on the occasion 
as a favor done to, Sir, 

Your most obed't Serv't. 



List of Warrants is.^ued from this office since 2d July Last, except Sept. Slat 
warrants for Interest: 

Off's of Government: 

Councillor Dawson, - - - - - - 50. 0. 0. 

J. Ambler, .-.-.-. 125. 0. 0. 

J. Carter, - - - - - - 25. 0. 0. 

Judge. Winston, - - - - - - 35. 0. 0. 

" Henry, - - - - - . - 75. 0. 0. 

" Jones, - - - - - - 75. 0. 0. 

" Mercer, - - - - - - 75. 0. 0. 

Councelior Goode, - - - - - - 34. 2. 6. 

P. Clayton, - - - - - - 37. 10. 0. 

Councillor Briggs, - - - - - - 32. 9. 8. 

Judge Tucker, - - - - - - 75. 0. 0. 

A.Blair, 37. 10. 0. 

A. Davis, 162. 10. 0. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. or rs of Gov't: 

Sept. 31st Wm. Berkeley, - - - - - - 25. 0. 0. 

Ed. Lacy, - - - - - - - 37. 10. 0. 

Basil Wood, 25. 0. 0. 

Sam. Shepard, - - - - - - 25. 0. 0. 

Judge Fleming, 20. 0. 0. 

Do. Do., - - - - 40. 0. 0. 

" Lyona, - - - - - - 75. 0. 0. 

Elish. Curling, 6. 0. 0. 

Crim. charges: 

Saunders & Shuden, - - - - - 3. 9, 6. 

Step. Saunders, - - - - - - 1. 5. 7. 

OrsGovra't: 

Elisha Price, . - - - - - - 15. 0. 0. 

Judge Roane, - - - - - - 44. 15. 7. 

The Governor, ...... 200. 0. 0. 

Sam. Coleman, - - - - - - 50. 0. 0. 

Matt. Pate, - 10. 0. 0. 

Cont'g't : 

Wm. Davis, 100. 0. 0. 

Wyatt Coleman, - - - - - - 7. 10. 0. 

C. Charges: 

James Blakey, - - - - - - 12. 6. 0. 

Off's Govm't: 

Couns. Goode, - - - - - - 28. 7. 6. 

James Innes, - - - - * - 50. 0. 0. 

Coun. McClurg, - 62. 10. 0. 

" Burnley, 62. 10. 0. 

Pron. Defence: 

Jas. Kent, - , 206.16. 2. 

Jas. Newill, - - 7. 0. 0. 

Off's Gov'm't: 

Coun. Selden, - - - - - - 62, 10. 0. 

Judge Tyler, - - - - - - 76. 0. 0. 

Gen. Ac. Revenue: 

Thos. Dawson, - - . - - - 6. 3. 0. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 77 



Off*8 Gov'ra't: 1792. 

Judge Tazewell, - 76. 0. 0. 8^it3l8t 

Councillor Briggs, - - - • - - 28. 0. 0. 



t( 



DawBon, - - - . - 2. 0. 0. 

Do. * 10. 10. 0. 

CoDt'g't : 

Au8. Davis, - - - - - 11. 6. 10. 

Gen. Ac. Revenue : 

Jacob Ege, - . - . - 24. 0. 0. 

Cont'g*t: 

Ja8. Liplong, - . . - 4. 0. 0. 

Off '8 of Gov'm't: 

Councillor Wood, - - - - - 62. 10. 0. 

Han8 Heitman, - - - - 37. 10. 0. 

Gen. Ac. Revenue: 

Tho8. Burton, . - . . - 21. 18. 0. 

Offis. Gov'm't: 

Councillor Stith, - - - . - - 62. 10. 0. 

Judge Winston, - - - - 40. 0. 0. 

Judge Pendleton, - - . - . - 52. 0. 0. 

Wtto, 23. 0. 0. 

Do. Prentis, - - . - 75. 0. 0. 

Do. Nelson, - - - . . - 6. 0. 0. 

Ed. Hemdon, - - . - . - 15. 0. 0. 

Matt. Moody, - - - - - - 8. 0. 0. 

Anth. Robinson, - - - 1. 17. 6. 

Judge Roane, - - - - . - 30. 4. 4. 

Do., 25. 0. 0. 

John Brown, - . - . - 75. 0. 0. 

Ditto, 78. 12. 0. 

Judge Nelson, - - - . - - 69. 0. 0. 

John Coles, - - - - . - 7. 4. 0. 

Chas. Moss, - - . - - - 3. 12. 0. 

Judge McDowell, - . - 16. 14. 4. 

Do. Wallace, - - 15. 0. 0. 

Nich's Lewis, - - - - 34. 7. 0, 

John Rogers, - . - - 34. 4. 0. 

Ale]c. I^binson, - - - * - - 32. 4. 0. 



78 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Offis. Gov'm't: 

Sept. 3l8t Roger Maltory, 
Charles Lewis, 
Judge Muter, 
Chancellor Wythe, - 
Nich*8 Lewis, 
Judge Tucker, 
Geo. Nicholas, 
Thomas Barbie, 
John Rogers, 
Judge McDowells, - 
Judge Nelson, 
Judge Prentiss, 
Judge Tyler, 
Judge Fleming, 

" Covin ton Brott<lwaler, 
Wm. Rose, - 
Nich's Voss, 
Antho. Sydnor, 
John Brown, 
A nth. Blair, 
Coun. Wood, 

Do. McCIurg, 

Do. Goo<le, 
Judge Pendleton, 
Ed. Lacy, - 
James Innes, 
Basil Wood. 
Wm. Berkeley, 
Aug. Davis, 
Coun. Briggs, 

" Burnley, 
P. Clayton, - 
Coun. Steele, 

Do., 

Do. Selden. 
Rowland Thomas, - 
Matt. Moody, 

Crim. charges: 

Thos. Hatton, 
Ratcliff Morris, 
Wm. Cooper, 
Thos. Guy, - 



6. 


15. 


0. 


400. 


0. 


0. 


35. 


9. 


5. 


75. 


0. 


0. 


9. 


12. 


0. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


34. 


12. 


0. 


12. 


3. 


0. 


13. 


7. 


0. 


44. 


15. 


0. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


23. 


8. 


0. 


12. 


0. 


(». 


14. 


7. 


3. 


10. 


3. 




12. 


10. 


0. 


37. 


10. 


0. 


(i2. 


10. 


0. 


02. 


10. 


0. 


62. 


10, 


0. 


75. 


0. 


0. 


37. 


10. 


0. 


50. 


0. 


0. 


20. 


a. 


8. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


162. 


10. 


0. 


62. 


10. 


0. 


62. 


10. 


0. 


37. 


10. 


0. 


28. 


0. 


0. 


34. 


10. 


0. 


62. 


10. 


0. 




2. 


6. 


28. 


16. 


0. 


2. 


0. 


0. 


2. 


15. 


0. 


2. 


0. 


0. 


1. 


2. 


9. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 79 



Crim. charges: 1792. 

Wm. Plurae, Selds Ex>, - - - - - 85. 0. 0. Sept. Slst 

Julius Morriss, - - - - - • 5. 16. 6. 

Elisba Auxbarra, - - - - - - 0. 7. 9. 

Peter Burton & als., - • - - - 9. 6. 4. 

Jas. Thweatt, - - - - - - 1. 0. 0. 

Jas. Reid & others, - - - - - - 61. 2. 3. 

Chs. Moss, - - . . - - - 24. 10. 0. 

Step. Graham, - - * - - - 1. 12. 0. 

John Richardson, - • - - - - 1. 4. 9. 

Alex. Robertson, - - - - - - 12. 0. ()• 

Thos. Allen, - - - - - - 6. 5. 0. 

Wm. McClanachan, - - - - - - 1. 16. 3. 

Christ. Billups, - - - - - - 1. 18. 0. 

John Field & oihei's, - - - - - 6. 10. 0. 

Jessee Cravins k others, - - - - - 14. 3. 0. 

James Smith, - - - - - - 3. 19. 6. 

James Nimmo, - - - - - - 6. 5. 0. 

Geo. Bell, - - - - - - - 1. 3. 6. 

Peter Williams, - - - - - - 3. 2. 6. 

Carter Harrison, - - - - - • 3. 15. 0. 

Isaac Hall, - - - - - - - 3. 15. 0. 

Vandivan Lioward, - - - - - 0. 8. 6. 

Do., - . - - - - - 2. 18. 0. 

Thos. Barbie, - - - - - - 3. 6. 6. 

John Shadley, - - - - - - 3. 10. 0. 

Geo. Helft, - - - - - - . 3. 10. 0. 

Aug. Alexander, - - - - - - 17. 10. 0. 

Rob. Alexander, - - - - - - 17. 10. 0. 

Joseph Fisher. S's Ex'r, - - - - 30. 0. 0. 

Sam'l Livingston, - - - - - - 2. 1. 0. 

Lewis Lanier, - - - - - - 1. 6. 0. 

Sam1 Swann & others, - - - - - 5. 0. 0. 

Wra. Pennington, - - - - - 0. 16. 6. 

Wm. Richardson, - - - - - 7. 16. 3. 

Wm. Hardawav, - - - - 4. 14. 0. 

Thos. Marshall, - - - - - 20. 18. 7. 

Do., - - . - - . 6. 10. 0. 

Joel Foster, - - - - - - - 1. 15. 0. 

Baldwin Pearce, - - - - - - 0. 12. 6. 

Wm. Rose, - - - - - - - 32. 8. 4. 

Matt. Sutton, - - - - - - 17. 7. 9. 

Thos. Stringae & othore, - - - - - 2. 15. 0. 

Major Budd, 125. 7. 6. 



80 



CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. 
Sept. 31st 



Crim. charges: 

Major Hornsby, 

Azel Gait, 

Nelson Patterson, - 

Wm. Goodson, 

Wm. Rose, - 

Rich'd Courtney & others, 

Jos. McCaughey, 

Rob. Mann & others, 

James Connell, 

David Edmondson, - 

John Hesterson, 

Martin Ha^^nie, 

John Burton, 

Walter Coles, S's Ex'r, 

Wm. Marshall, 

Reuben George, 

John Perkins, 

Wm. Weaver, 

Thos. Foster, 



Contingent: 

Thos. Nicholson, 
John Carter, 
James West, 
Jas. Stan wick, 
Jno. Pendleton, 
The Governor, 
Wm. Davies, 
Aug. Davies, 
Cap. Coleman, 
Anth. Holiday. 
Aug. Seaton, 
Jas. Liplong, 
Alex. Lary, . 
Jas. Hornsby, 
Jas. Liplong, 
Alex. Lary, . 
John Carter, 
Samuel Coleman, 
Jas. Liplong, 
Arch. Blair, 
Aug. Davis, . 
Ed. Lacy, 



18. 


11. 


0. 


5. 


0. 


0. 


1. 


1. 


3. 


1. 


11. 


9. 


51. 


10. 


6. 


3. 


12. 


0. 


8. 


18. 


9. 


1. 


9. 


6. 


0. 


10. 


0. 


3. 


11. 


3. 


6. 


17. 


6. 


11. 


0. 


0. 


0. 


18. 


9. 


74. 


0. 


0. 


22. 


10. 


0. 


0. 


16. 


6. 


1. 


3. 


9. 


1. 


14. 


0. 


3. 


12. 


0. 


2. 


1. 


0. 


15. 


0. 


0. 


6. 


0. 


0. 


30. 


0. 


0. 


12. 


0. 


0. 


36. 


0. 


0. 


101. 


10. 


0. 


204. 


5. 


0. 


45. 


0. 


0. 


2. 


8. 


0. 


39. 


16. 


6. 


6. 


12. 


6. 


3. 


12. 


0. 


150. 


0. 


0. 


18. 


0. 


0. 


2. 


8. 


0. 


20. 


0. 


0. 


10. 


0. 


0. 


2. 


10. 


0. 


25. 


0. 


0. 


324. 


0. 


0. 


25. 


14. 


11. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



GeD. Ape. Bev'e: 
TbOB. SpeDcer, 
Jacob Morton, 
X.andy Litidsey, 
TLos. Milton, 
J no. Booker, 
John Morton, 
John Holman, 
Cbs. Allen, . 
Jonathan Parke, 
Wm. Clark, . 
ArcL'd Pleaeante, 
Thos. Winn, . 
J no. Priddy, 
Hugh Barclay, 
J no. Billups, 
Ed. Jordan, . 
Wm. Fleet, . 
Wm. Courtney, 
John CogbitI, 
Rich. Gregory, 
Geo. Terrell A others, 
Wm. Hines, . 
Rob't Wooldridge, 
Benj. Coplin, 

Pob'k warehouBe: 
Rob. Newman, 
John Marshall, 
Wm. Taylor, 
Thos. Skelton, 
Tboa. Warren, 
Fran. Furguson, 
Alex. Saunders, 
John Adams, 



I a 0. 0. 8ept.3lBt 



10. 


10. 


19. 


16. 


15. 


IE. 


15. 


12. 


18. 


12. 


24. 


0. 


25. 


10. 


IS. 


0. 



17. 10. 0. 

11. 15. 0. 

9. 15. 9. 

13. 19. 4. 
53. 13. 3. 
20. 0. 0. 

14. 18. 5. 
636. 11. 0. 



Arsenal: 

Elisha Langham, 
John Laugham, 



137. 3. 0. 
48. 6. 0. 



John Giraalt, 
Ricfa'd Bryne, 



4. 10. 5, 

1. 5. 8, 



82 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. 



Fron. Defence: 



Sapt 3l8t Arthur Campbell, 
Wm. Loutber, 

Agge. fund: 
Jesse Dunbar^ 

PerHonal Account 

Dabney Minor, 
Jan. Monroe, 
Jos. PrcntiH, 
Jas. Monroe, 
Judge Tucker, 
Judge Tazewell, 
Wm. Spratley, 
Dabney Minor, 
Arthur Lee, . 
Ed. Carrington, 

For Creditors 

O. Pollock, . 
Ditto., 

Ex. repres'n : 
Henr}' Anderson, 

Aud^r's office, 30 September, '92. 



30. 


0. 


0. 


600. 


0. 


0. 


5. 


17. 


0. 


12. 


0. 


0. 


106. 


13. 


4. 


166. 


13. 


4. 


60. 


0. 


0. 


166. 


13. 


4. 


166. 


13. 


4. 


1. 


3. 


8, 


150. 


0. 


0. 


166. 


13. 


4. 


540. 


0. 




• 


322. 


2. 


9. 


90. 


0. 


0. 


3. 


10. 


0. 



J. PENDLETON, AudV. 



An Account of Ammunition Issued at each Station under the Com- 
mand of Major McMacban: 

Biggs station : 



April 6tb, 1792. As pr. James Kion's, Serg*t, Receipt, 
May 6th. As i)r. Rec'pt, James Rion, Serg't, 
June 13th. As pr. Rec'pt, Joseph Biggs, Lieut., 
August 21. As pr. Rec'pt, Do., 



({ 



(» 



McMacban station: 

June 14ih. As pr. Robert Stewart Rec'pt, 
July • 14. As pr. do. do. Rece'pt, . 



[)wd*r. 


Lead. 


20 




— 


47 


15 


25 


13 


76 


48 


148 


20} 


30 


— 


4i 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



83 



July 10th. As pr. RichVd Williams, 
Sep. 3rd. As pr. Robert Sewart, . 



Cove station : 

July 3l8t. As pr. Rec'pt David Edy, Serg't, . 
Sept. 15th. As pr. do. do. do., 

Sept. 21. As pr. do. do. do., 



Short creek : 

July 21. As pr. Rec'pt Charles Wilmer, 
Aug. 10th. do. do. do., 



Lieut, of Militia, James Campbell, Rec'pt, 



Biggs, 

McMachan, 

Edy, 

Williams, 

Campbel, 



22i 



3J 
2 



5.] 



21 
4 



6i 



14 



47 1792. 
39 Septembe 



421 156i 



U 



11 



17 



17 



20 



Powd'r. 


Lead. 


48 


148 


42i 


136 i 


5i 


li 


iVi 


17 


12^ 


28 



115} 3501 



Questions asked Alexander Wells by William McMachan Esq., of Ohio September 
county: 

QuesVn \st. Did David Davis apply to j-ou to go with him to Wash- 
ington County, Pennsylvania, concerning a negro he was sent for there ; 
and for whom did he request you to apply? 

Answ'r, He did ; and requested me to apply to David Bradford, the 
State's Attorney. 

QuesVn 2nd, For what purpose <lid he request you to apply to David 
Bradford, the State's Attorney? 

Amw, For the purpose of trying to settle the action brought against 
him, the said David Davis, on the ac't of a negro. 

Quest 3rd, What conversation passed between you and David Brad- 
ford, the State's Attorney, and upon what terms did he undertake to 
settle the aotioo brot against David Davis by the State and others, on 
account of said Negro? 



^ CALENDAR OF STATfi PAPERS. 



1792. Arts. 1 first mentioned to David Bradford, the State's Attorney, the 

September Distress of David Davis, on account of being involved in Law, which 
he was ignorant of, and his desire of being extricated out of it on any 
reasonable terms, as he had not violated the Law knowingly; and fur- 
ther said that David Davis had sold the negro, which he had got from 
Baldwin Parsons for fifty pounds value, which he was willing to give 
up to him, the said David Bradford, provided he could be kept clear of 
any more trouble. Mr. Bradford said he would consult Mr. Addison, 
who had brot' the actions. He accordingly went to Mr. Addison, and 
upon his return, said that if David Davis would come in, they would 
settle with him on the terms I had mentioned. I informed Mr. Davis of 
the terms proposed. Mr. Davis said he would agree rather than be at any 
more trouble. Mr. Davis afterwards told me he had delivered a note 
and Mare to Mr. Bradford, which he had rec'd for pay of the Negro 
sold to Thomas McGuire ; Likewise paid the costs, and that the actions 
were dismissed. 

Ques, 4:th. Had you at that time any further conversation with David 
Bradford the State's Attorney? 

Arts, I had. 

Quest bth. What was the conversation? 

Ans, I asked David Bradford, the State's Atttorney, if one half of 
the fine inflicted in such cases did not go to the overseer of the poor in 
the township where such offense was committed. His answer was : Not 
unless Judgment was first obtained. 

Quest. 6th, Who is Mr, Addison? 

Ans^r, Alexander Addison, who is now Circuit Judge for the Counties 
of Alleghany, Westmoreland, Fyatte, & Washington, in Pennsylvania. 

Ohio Count}'^, Ss: 

Personally came before me, one of the Commonwealth 
Justices for the County aforesaid, Alexander Wills, who made oath on 
the holy Evangelist of Almighty God, that the before stated Answers 
made to the questions asked him by William McMachan, Esq., of Ohio 
County, is the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, to the 
best of his knowledge. 
Sworn to and subscribed this 22nd day of September, 1792. 

ALEXANDER WELLS. 
JOHN HENDERSON. 

September Questions asked David Davis by William McMachan, Esq., of Ohio 
county: 

Quest 1. What year did you first come from Maryland into Virginia? 

Answ'r, I think about the year one thousand seven hundred and 
Eighty. 

Qt^t 2. Whither did you purchase or take up land? 

Ans. I purchased Land. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 85 



Quest, 3. Of whom did you purchase, and by what title was the Land 1792. 
held? September 

Ans, Oi Charles Stewart, who obtained a certificate in right of settle- 
ment from the commissioner for the State of Virginia, and upon which 
a patent Issued from the State of Pennsylvania, to the said Charles 
Stewart, who since conveyed to me. 

Question 4. Did you conceive yourself to be a citizen of Virginia after 
you had purchased the land of Stewart? 

Ans'r. I did; Charles Stewart's bill of sale mentions the county oi 
Ohio and State of Virginia. 

Quest, 5. Did you continue on the land for the time of purchase, until the 
Line was run between Pennsylvania and Virginia? 

Ans. I continued on the Land until I made one crop, but the Indian 
War occationed me to remove into Maryland, near Cumberland on Poto- 
mac River, where I continued three years, I believe; in which period of 
time, the line was run between Pennsylvania and Virginia. 

Quest. 6. What distance was your Line Included in Pennsylvania? 

Am. About three-fourths of a mile. 

Quest. 7. At the time you purchased the Land of Charles Stewart, had 
3'ou any Negro slave? 

Ans, I had one Negro boy, born a slave and raised in the family. 

Quest 8. Wore you acquainted with the laws of Pennsylvania for 
abolishing of Slavery? 

Ans. At the time of my Land falling into Pennsylvania, I was living 
in Maryland. Knew nothing of such Laws, and before my return, the 
time limited by law for entering Negroes in Pennsylvania was expired. 

Quest. 9. In what manner did you proceed to secure your negro — 
knowing the law would operate against you? 

Ans. Being unwilling to sell the Negro, as he was raised in the family, 
I hired him in Ohio county. Stale of Virginia, sundry times for the 
space of one year. 

Quest. 10. In whose service was the Negro at the time he run away, 
and to what place did he run? 

Ans. In James Miller's, Esq., of Ohio county, from whence he run to 
Washington county. State of Pennsylvania. 

Quest. 11. In what manner did you proceed to recover the Negro, con- 
ceiving him to be your property? 

Ans. Being Ignorant of Law, and not willing to enter into contro- 
versy with an}' man or men, Baldwin Parsons proposed to give me a 
negro man for his chance of mine; to which I agreed, and was to be at 
no more trouble about him. 

Quest. 12. Was you not sued in Washington County, State of Penn- 
sylvania, for parting with that Negro? 

Ans. I was. In two actions, as will appear by the Dockett of Washing- 
ton county. 



86 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 

1792. Quest. 13. What became of the Negro that you got of Baldwin Par- 

September sons for his chance of 3'our8? 

Ans. I sold the negro I got of Baldwin Parsons for his chance of mine, 
to a certain Thomas McGuirc for fifty pounds, penva. currency; for 
w^hich I rec'd a mare valued to twenty-five pounds in pari, and his note 
for the residue. 

Quest, 14. In what manner were the actions settled, which were 
brought against 3^ou in Washington County for the negro? 

Ans. Not knowing ihe Law, and being much distressed in mind con- 
cerning it, I apply'd to a neighbour of mine, Alexander Wells, who 
went wilh me into Washington, and at my particular request, went to 
David Bradford, Attor'y for the State, and others against me, who 
agreed (as Mr. Wells informed me,) that if I would give him. sM Brad- 
ford, the Note and Mare I received of McGuire in pay for the Negro I 
got of Baldwin Pai*son.s, he would discontinue the actions. On ni}^ pay- 
ing the Costs which I agreed to. Gave up the note I got of McGuire, 
and gave my note for delivery of the Mare, which I delivered to him; 
shortly after took up note an<l paid the costs, as will appear by his 
receipts. 

Ohio County, Ss: 

Pei*8onally came before me, one of the Commonwealth 
Justices for the County aforesaid, David Davis, who made oath on the 
Holy Evangelist of Almighty (io<l that the before stated answei^s made 
to the questions asked him by William McMachan, Esq , of Ohio county, 
is the truth, the whole truth, and NothiuiC but the truth, to the best n1 
his knowledge. 

Sworn to and subscribed, this 22d <iay of September, 1792. 

DAVID DAVIS. 
JOHN HKNDERSON. 



Septeml)er With REGARD TO THE Indians killed by Brady and McCiuire. 

Mr. Brackenridge states certain facts as related to him b}- one Ham- 
bieton, which if true, & hud they been communicated to Bradj* Jk Mc- 
Guire before their attack upon the indians, might be considered as a 
Justification for killing those Indians; For it is evident from theeon- 
versation overboard by Hambleton, that those very Indians who had 
been at the Block House, were to have been concerned in the plot 
against the white people. 

But this information not being sworn to. is of non-effect. 



% 



CALENDAE OF STATE PAPEflS. 87 



Concerning the Negro. 1792. 

The DepoHitions forwarded by Captain McMachan tend to criminate September 
the conduct of tlie Pennsylvania Judge and Attorne}', but, in my opinion, 
do not furnish better grounds for the non-compliance with Governor 
Mifflen's Demand than what the Executive is already possessed of. 



William Davies to Governor Henrt Lee. October let 

Sir: 

I wit)to your Excellency some time since of the situation of the Philadel- 
busincss entrusted to me. ^ * 

Evei-j- statement preparatory to the submission of the whole claim of 
the State to the discussion of the General Board will be complete in ten 
or twelve da3's. A considerable progress has already been made on a 
large portion of our accounts, and there is not a doubt of a speedy ter- 
mination of this tedious business, from what has already been done b}- 
the Board. For my own part, 1 have spared no pains to do justice to 
the State. This is a consciousness I cannot be deprived of, and hope 
the result will prove it. 

I enclose my private account, for which and the sum mentioned in 
my last, I shall draw as soon as a bill can be disposed of. 

I am, Sir, with very respectful attachment and esteem, 

Your Excellency's most h'ble serv't. 



Robert Preston to Governor Henry Lee. October 1st 

Sir: 

Agreeable to your desire, I have taken the depositions of James Washington 
Campbell & Charles Wolf, who both live between what is called Hender- co'iiity 
son's line & the boundary line run by Dr. Walker, respecting the fines 
that was levied off them as delinquents in the militia of Sullivan county, 
of the Southwest Territory of the United States, which I herewith 
send you. I also enclose to your Excellency Wolf's Receipt and the 
Original Warrant, whicB happened to fall into my hand. I could not 
get Mr. Campbell's receipt for the reason mentioned in his deposition. 
Your Excellency will fn>m these papera plainly see the necessit}' there 
is of having something decisive done for those people, and we hope and 
firmly believe that you will use all necessary endeavours to have the 
affair settled, so that the people between the disputed boundaries (who 



88 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. 18 at present in a very disagreeable situation), may know what to 
October Ist depend on. 

I am, with the greatest esteem, sir, 

Your ob'd't H'ble Serv't. 



/ 
October 2d CoL. Chas. Cameron to Governor Henrt Lee. 

Sir: 
Bath county The Hon'bl John Steele informed me that a month's pay for the 

volunteer Militia on duty on the frontier of this county might be bad 
on application to you, and also for one month's rations. If it can, the 
Bearer, Capt. White, will receive it on ac't for mo, and give any securit}' 
that may be necessary for the payment. Lieut. Thompson bus under 
him Two Sarjants & Twenty-threo privats, the number to be drawn for. 
And would also beg leave to Recommend that they be discharged, as no 
danger is apprehended now, the Troops from Greenbrier having marched 
on your order » ♦ « attend muster there and 

discharge. 

I have the Hon'r to be, 

Your Exc'l's Mo. Ob. Ser. 



I 



October 3d Captain Andrew Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Vauses Mr. Kent has called on me to-day, on his way to Richmond ; my 

being obliged to leave Clinch unexpectedly on the business I wrote you 
a few days past on, and the Detachment in Powels Valley being so far 
from head-Quarters, prevents me from making the necessary returns for 
provision, but am certain that Mr. Kent laboui's under some Difficulties 
for the want of money, and has been for some time. Believe he intended 
not to make application before the expiration of our service, but the 
augmentation of Troops obliges him, and hope as I well know, & will be 
answerable to the public that he will not call for a larger sum than is 
his due, and hope as it has so happened with me that the return at this 
time cannot be made, that your Excellency will excuse me, and seeing 
the necessity for the money, advance it — for at this place 1 could not 
make a just return. 1 was yesterday creditably informed that a number 
of horses were taken from Clinch by the Indians, within the lines of 
Wythe count3% and since 1 wrote you by Mr. Lafur, a man in Powells 
valley was shot at about ten steps, but mised; the last accounts I have 
from the Cherokees was that a hundred Creeks marched into their 
Towns and told them if they did not go to war against the Whites, that 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 89 



they would compel them; a number of them embraced it cheerfully, and 1702. 

tum'd out three hundred warriore, k set out to do mischief on Cumber- Octol>er 3d 

land and Kentucky road and Clinch; after marching some distance, got 

afraid the Whites might fall on their towns, while gone & returned. As 

I had this acc't from a stranger, cannot nor will not very fie it— certain 

I am from every appearance and disposition of our enemies at this time 

that troops will be necessary'' for the Frontiers, nor can 1 think they will 

ever be safe in the winter season, should the Cherokees openly declare 

war; and to have troops in readiness, and those acquainted with their 

mode of war, think is highl}- necessary. Of your intention, I would as 

early as convenient wish to know as good troops may be had, should an 

additional number be thought of which I think will be required, hope 

that Mr. Kent will have your approbation as commissary, which I am 

certain will be joyful news to every soldier that wishes again to enlist, 

and if he can with propriety act in both offices, would take the liberty 

to recommend him as an officer. From experience, I know there is but 

few so well calculated for that service. 

I am with respect, 

Your Exceiry Obed't Serv't. 



John McElhent to Governor Henry Lee. October 3d 

Sir: 

As I expect you will issue commissions to the militia Officers some Rockbridge 
time after this, If you should think proper to arrange me in the line of ^'^^v 
Officers in the count}' whare I live, 1 shall Indeavour to discbarge my 
dutj' in the most pointed manner, as I would bo glad to act under The 
New constitution; and from the service that I have seen, I flatter myself 
I would have it as much in my power to Give Satisfaction as those who 
have never had the same opportunity. 
N. fi. I have acted in the last war as a field Officer. 

I with Esteem, 

Remain Your friend. 



Isaac Standlet to the Governor. October 5th 

Petition for remission of fine imposed for failing to attend musters in Goochland 
April, May & July, in the year 1791, in the county of Goochland — the <»^w*^ 
law of 1784 exempting him (a Quaker) from military duty. 

(Fine remitted.) 

12 



90 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. David Chadwell to Delegates of Russell County. 

Gentlemen: 
October 5tli After our best respects to you both, wo humbly entreat 

RuHsell C'. H. you to recommeiHi Col. Charles Cocke, for the Captain for Poweirs Val- 
le3% as it in the General opinion & outcry of the Citizens of Poweirs 
Valley, he should have the command. Therefore we entreat you as our 
worth}' representatives, lo make mention of the said Cocke to the 
Executive of this state, provided the Executive of the United States 
Invest a power in the Executive of this State to make a temporary 
defence on the southwest frontier this next ensuing summer. I also 
make all endeavours to have the men Inlisted in the Jacent countys, as 
we should be no stronger if we Inlist our own countymen. We beg 
& pray, each & every one of us, that if the Executive thinks proper to 
allow three hundred men, as the Cherokee Indians has broke out, & we 
expect them in daily, to drive us as refugees from our Habitations. We 
are yet on pleading ground, but knows not how long we shall. We are 
assured that if the executive of this State was to hear the perpetual 
Crys of the women & children, since the knives of the Cherake Indians 
Breaking out, it would fill them full ot Dispare of defending the writes 
of our country. We every one pray for your welfare, bpth & wish 
great success to attend your attempts. 



October 5th Arthur Campbell to Governor Henry Lee. 

Sir: 
Washington The inclosed lines of August last were returned to me a few days 

county ^^^ rpj^^ bearer sa3's he presented them to the Clerk of the Council, 
asking a receipt for the same, but was refused. I hope it will now 
reach you by a safe hand. 

Last week we were alarmed by the intelligence from Knoxville that 
800 Warriors of the Cherokee and Creek nations were embodied in the 
town called Running Water, with an intention to proceed and attack 
the frontiers. A distant and unfriendly behavior seems to have taken 
place amongst almost all the Cherokees since the return of their depu- 
ties from the Treaty at Pensacola. 

The Chickasaws are no doubt friendly disposed, but a part of them 
ought to be employed in our service to keep them so. Since writing 
the above, I am informed by Mr. Allison directly from Knoxville, that 
the above force had set out for the Cumberland settlement, with a view 
to break it up. The same gent, says he is on his way with dispatches 
for the President of the United States. This is expected will induce 
offensive operations on our part. Mr. John Mead directly fVom Geor- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 91 

gia, says the Creeks have commenced hostilities in that State. Ensign 1792. 
W. Camphell writes me that a man was fired at a few miles from his October 5th 
post, but escaped unhurt. Two men have been killed lately in the S. W. 
territory. Governour Blount has ordered one-half of the militia of his 
government into service. Kentucky is called upon to lend aid to the 
Cumberland Settlement. 

Whether this storm will blow over or not, a few da3's will discover. 
Both the Gentlemen that commands the company on duty being absent, 
I have taken the liberty to urge the officers present to be in constant 
preparation to receive the enemy, should any part of them approach 
the settlements of Virginia especially. Lieut. Willoughby, who com- 
mands the detachment of militia from this county, and ensign W. 
Campbell, in whose bounds the attack probably will be fii*st made. 
These officers write me that they are in want of good Gun Powder, 
the commissary Cox having failed to supply them agreeable to Capt. 
Lewis' order. I have sent a supply from the magazine of this county, 
but it is of a kind not suitable for rifles. I am sorry to mention that 
the complaints of the citizens of Virginia living between Walker's and 
Henderson's lines continue to exist on account of being harassed by the 
authority of the S. W. Territor3\ 

I am. Sir, Your most obedient servant. 



J. Pendleton, Auditor, to the Governor. October 6th 

When the Pay abstract is accompanyed with a muster Roll, which Aaditor's 



very seldom happens, the Auditor compares the former with the latter, 
and he considers the order of council, directing the settlement of the 
Pay Abstract, not accompanyed with the Muster Roll, as dispensing 
with that part of their General regulations, which requires the latter. 



office 



Randolph and Harrison, Delegates, to Governor Henry Lee. October6th 

Sir: 

We, the Representatives of the counties of Randolph and Harrison, Richmond 
do certify that from the words of Captain William Lowther, who com- 
mands the troops in service in the counties of Monongalia, Harrison and 
Randolph, and from circumstances which we deem sufficient proofs, con- 
ceive ourselves in duty bound and fully justifiable in certifying that we 
believe Captain William Wilson was appointed by the said William 
Lowther to receive the money due to the Troops now in service in the 
county of Randolph commanded by his, the said Capt. Lowther's Lieu- 



92 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. tenant, viz, Matthias Whitman; if therefore your excellency will pleaae 
October 6th to direct that the said inonev be delivered to the said William U. Wil- 
8on, We obligate ourselves that the same shall be duly delivered to Cap- 
tain William Lowther, for which we declare ourselves respoDsible. 

We have the honor, Sir, to be 

Your Excellency's Ob't, H'ble Serv'U, 

JOHN HAYMOI^D. 
HBZ. DAVISSON, 
JOHN HADDAN. 



October 7th Mann Page to Governor Henrt Lee. 

My Dear Sir: 
Mansfield Col. Thos. Pose^^ is desirous of being appointed the Adju- 

tant-General of this State. His abilities to fill the place are so well 
known to you, that I conceive it sufficient, by informing you of his de- 
sire, to induce you to promote his interest by recommending him to your 
friends. 

With the sincerest regard, 

I am your friend & hbl. Serv't. 



October 8th Richard Henrt Lee to Governor Henry Lee. 

Sir: 
Ohantilly I take the liberty of inclosing to you my letters of resignation of 

the office of Senator of the United States, addressed to the honorable, 
the Speakers of both houses of General Assembly. Devoted always to 
the service of my country, as I have been, and anxious for its welfai*ea.s 
I still feel myself, nothing but the necessity'', believe me, Sir, resulting 
from age and infirmity, could have forced me to such a measure. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant. 



October 9th H. Knox, Secretary op War, to Governor Lee. 

Sir: 
War I have this day received a letter by Express from Governor Blount, 

Department ^^^^ ^^ Knoxville on the 11th ultimo. He states that the five lower 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 93 



towns on the Tennessee, headed by John Watts, have formally declared 1792. 
war against the United States, and that the warriors had set out upon October 9th 
some expedition against the frontiers, probably against the Cumberland 
settlements. 

The numbers of the Warriors who had so set out, are stated variously 
from three to six hundred, including one hundred banditti Creeks. 

Governour Blount had ordered one regiment of the militia of Wash- 
ington district into service, and had also dispatched an express to Miro 
district on Cumberland river, with orders to Brigadier-General Robert- 
son to put his brigade into the best possible state of defence. 

Although the details transmitted do not admit of the least doubt of 
the authenticitj' of the information as to the disposition of the five lower 
Towns, yet, as the Express has been so long on the road, and no further 
information having been received, some hopes may be entertained that 
there has not been any sudden or successful stroke on the part of the 
Indians. 

It is observed by Governor Blount that the Cherokees have not com- 
plained to him in a single instance of the infraction of the treaty of 
Holstein; That the little Turkey and the greater part of the Nation 
have now given the strongest assurances of their attachment to the 
United States and their desire for peace. 

Governor Blount has long been invested with ample discretionary 
powers to call into service such portions of the militia of his Govern- 
ment as he should Judge necessary for its defensive protection. 

The nearness of the time at which Congress is to meet, who only are 
invested with the powers of war, will render it essential to wait the 
result of their deliberations before offensive measures can be directed, 
supposing the information transmitted by Governor Blount to be au- 
thentic. 

In the meantime, your Excellency will be the Judge whether any 
further measures should be necessary for the defence of the southwestern 
parts of Virginia, at the expense of the union, of the nature, and in 
addition to those before taken. 

I have the honor to be, with great esteem, 

Your Excellency*8 most ob't servant. 



Charles Cocke to Colonel Arthur Campbell. October9th 

You also mentioned in j^our letter to me, to be strict in giving satis- 
faction as a Commissary, which 1 do, according to my contract with 
Kent. If I had been appointed by the Governor, and the rations double, 
I would issue it with free will. 

If you could make intercession with the Governor of Virginia to have 



94 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. me appointcri Commissary, as I have bought a large quantity of beef 
October 9tb for the purpose, and I am about to purchase flour and pork, 1 will 
obligate myself to find the men according to law. 

I am, sir, 

Your sincere friend. 



October9th Jos. Neville to the Governor. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the Honorable the Council of the 
State of Virginia: 

The Petition of Joseph Nevill humbly shewoth that your petitioner 
was Sheriflf for the County of Hardy, for the years 1786 and 1787; and 
in October, 1788, a Judgment was obtained against your petitioner ihv 
the balance of the Revenue Tax for the year 1787, and that your peti- 
tioner's Deputies had, agreeable to an Act of the Assembly made Octo- 
ber, 1789, paid the whole of the amount of the Revenue Tax into the 
Treasury, agreeable to the time prescribed by that Act, except the sum 
of Two pounds six shillings and six pence, which through some mis- 
take was neglected. 

Your petitioner's Deputies has since paid the two pounds six shillingn 
and six pcnc*^, and all the costs of the Judgment, notwithstanding, 
through some mistake of the Auditors, there is an execution against 
your petitioner for sixty or seventy pounds. As I have no other Relief 
but in the Executive, 1 hope your Honorable Board will take the same 
into your consideration, and make such an order in favour of your peti- 
tioner as is agreeable to the different acts of Assembly in that case 
made and provided, and your petitioner is in duty bound, and will for- 
ever pray. 



October 10th Resolution requesting the Executive to forward by Express the Act 
House of for appointing the Elector to choose a President & Vice President of 
Delegates the United States: 

Fn the House of Delegates, 

Wednesday, the 10th of October, 1792. 

liesolved. that the Executive be requested to transmit by Exprcs?< 
the Act for appointing Klecloi*s to choose a President and Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States to the seveml Counties and Corporations with- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 95 

in this Commonwealtb, and that the Expenco thereof be detrayed out of 1792. 
the Contingent fund. October 10th 



Teste : 

1792, Octo. 11th. 
Agreed to by the Senate. 

A copy — Teste : 



CHARLES HAY, C. H. J). 



H. BROOKE, C. S. 



CHARLKS HAY, C. H. D. 



General Knox, Secretary of War, to Governor Lee, inclosing October 11th 
Extracts of a Letter from Governor Blount, to the Secretary 
of War. 

Sir: 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's War 
favor of the 4 instant, and it shall be submitted to the President of the I^epaJ^^^ent 
United States on bis arrival, and the result transmitted to you. 

I have the pleasure to enclose an extract of a letter Just received 
from Governor Blount, containing information of a contrary tendency 
to that which I communicated on the 9th instant. 

I have the honor to be, with great Esteem, 

Your most obed. Serv't. 

Extract of a Letter from Governor Blount to the Secretary of War 
dated Knoxville, September 15th, 1792: 

Sir: 

In consequence of letters received from Esquaku, otherwise the 
bloody fellow and the Glass, dated on the 10th instant at the Lookout 
Mountain Town, informing that they, with the assistance of John Watts 
and other Head men, bad prevailed with the party that were collected 
for war to disperse and go peaceably to their hunting. 

The information contained in these letters has induced me to discharge 
the Regiment of Knox and to dispatch an Express to General Robertson 
of Mero district, with orders to discharge such of his Brigade as may 
be in servjce under my order of the 11th instant; forwarded express on 
the receipt of the Letters from the Little Turkey, Brigadier-General 
Sevier, Carey, and Thompson. 

(Signed) WM. BLOUNT. 



96 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



.1792. Governor Lee's obligation to John Hough for delivenng to certain 

October 11th Sheriflfe the law relating to the Election of Electors of President and 
Richmond Vice President of the United States, with enclosures. 



October nth Arthur Campbell to Governor Henry Lee. 

Sir: 
Washington In my last by Mr. Calhoun (Mr. Ross' nephew,) to your Excellency, 

county ^^^ apparent disposition of the whole of the Cherokees to commence 
hostilities; since we learn they are out in large parties — one of whom 
on the 2d instant attacked and took a small Fort in the S. W. Territorj-, 
about 20 miles from Knoxville. In the continuance of this war, we no 
doubt will be unavoidably involved, as the southwestern fi*ontiei*8 of the 
state are exposed to their depredations. All the train of circumstances 
that have brought about this adverse event, it is not my business to in- 
vestigate, but I hope it will by our national Rulers. 

This day 1 dispatched a messenger to Lieut. Willoughby of the mili- 
tia of this County, and to Ensign Willia.n Campbell, advising them in 
pressing terms to induce the Inhabitants in Powell's Valley to build 
good Forts for the Security of their Families, and to enable them to add 
a proportion of their number to Join the militia on duty, that they 
might be enabled to meet the Enemy should they advance in force to 
that part ot the country, which there is reason to believe they will. 

It may be useful to augment the Ensign's Detachment, as he is the 
most Exposed and nearest the Enemy, or that Willoughby or Hawkins 
be ordered to Join him; for 20 men will be too few to meet 200 Indians, 
said to be destined for to break up Powells Valley Settlement. Captam 
Lewis is absent, therefore have not received any call for aid — however, 
I have ordered a company of Infantry to be in readiness to march at 
the shortest notice. The spirit of our militia seems to revive, and I 
trust they will soon be respectable. Provided a good law is enacted this 
Session of the Assembly, Arms and good gunpowder will be wanted. I 
am told Governor Blount has sent to the President of the United States 
to induce him to order offensive operations, and that Virginia will be 
called on for a proportion of her militia. This may be a reason for the 
Legislature to expedite the passing of the militia Law. 

I have the honor to be, sir. 

Your most obedient Servant, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 97 



Joseph Hobnsby to Governor Henry Lee. 1792. 

Dear Sir: 

I presented an order from the Court of Directors of the Luna- Octol>er 13th 
tie Hospital the 3rd ultimo, for the sura of three hundred Pounds, & re- Williams- 
eeived at that time the sum of one hundred & fifly Pounds in part I ^^ 

am now in want of the balance for the use of the said Hospital, & should 
be much obliged to you to give an order for the payment of that sum to 
Mr. Wm. Russell of this City on my account. I should now have sent 
a statement of the Hospital Acc'ts for the last year, but have not had a 
meeting of the Court of Directors to pass mj* Acc'ts. 

1 am, Dear sir, with Esteem, 

Your most Obed. Sei-v't. 



H. Knox, Secretary op War, to Governor Henry Lee. October 14th 

Sir: 

The President of the United States, to whom I have submitted War 
your Excellency's letter of the 4 instant, has directed me to inform you ^pa^^^^nt 
that from his present view of the subject, he docs not conceive any 
measures on the part of the Legislature of Virginia necessary for the 
defence of the frontiers during the ensuing year. That he flatters him- 
self the respectable force authorized by Congress during their late ses- 
nion, together with the militia which the laws authorize him to call into 
service, will prove adequate to the occasions which may arise. 

He has farther desired me to tender his thanks for your ideas rela- 
tively to the Block-houses, for the purpose of cutting off the communi- 
cation between the Northern and Southern Indians, which he will take 
into his consideration, and he requests you would be pleased from time 
to time to tmnsmit such further ideas as may occur to you to be impor- 
tant, either i-espccting a defensive or offensive war with the Indians. 

I have the honor to be, with groat esteem, 

Your Excellency's most obedient servant. 



Samuel Coleman to the Governor. October 15th 

Sir: 

Upon examining the returns from the Point of Forks for the quar- Council 
ter ending the 30th of September, 1792, I find the amount of the Pay- ^^^^ 
roll for the Superintendant, Guard and Artificers, to be eighty -eight 
pounds, fourteen shillings and four pence. 

u I 



98 CALENDAH OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. By a statement of Cash received and expended, it appears that the 

October 16th Superintend ant is in advance to the Commonwealth ten pounds and 
three pence. And his estimate of clothing & forage for the ensuing 
year amounts to Nineteen pounds, six shillings. 

The several documents reported on are herewith submitted. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most ob. servant. 



October 16th Vincent Mabkham, Coroner op the County of Powhatan, to Gov- 
ernor Lee. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the H'n*ble Council of the Com- 
monwealth of Virginia: 

The petition of Vincent Markham, Coroner of the County of Pow- 
hatan, setting forth that by the accident of his not supposing it neces- 
sary to attend upon a notice for a motion against him for not returning 
the execution to which the annexed certificates relate, after he had 
made due return thereof. He was surprised with a Judgment for dama- 
ges & costs. The annexed certificates verifies the allegations of your 
Petitioner as to the facts, and he prays that the damages may bo remit- 
ted and his costs refunded. And will pray, &c. 



October 16th Will. Bussell to Gtovernor Lee, enclosing a letter from Uenrt 

Tazewell. 

Tuesday, Oct. 16, 171)2. 

Sir: 

In the month of November last, when the committee of Revisoi-s 
were about to make a report ol their proceedings to the then sittinj,^ 
Assembly, I was applied to by the chairman of the committee to make 
a table of the acts, which I undertook, and effected in the course of 
twelve or thirteen days, by ray own exertions and the aid of some 
young gentlemen, who I engaged in the business at my own cxpencc. 
For this trouble, I was, by agreement with the chairman, to receive the 
sum of £25. The Report not being then made, the committee at ihoir 
last meeting, came to a resolution to alter the Table, so as to make it 
necessary to have a second Table somewhat different from the former, 
but equally laborious. For this pui-pose I was again applied to by tbo 
committee, and made a second, which I am informed has been laid 
before your Excellency, by which it will readily appear what has been 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 99 



done. I undei*8tand by the loiter herewith inclosed fi*om the ehairmun, 1792. 
that these cireunistances have been mentioned by him to some members October 16th 
of your llonbl. Boai*d, and I trust such compensation will be made as mj 
services ma}' appear to deserve. 

I have the honor to be with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob*t. 

Rich'd 29 Aug., 1792. 
D. Sir: 

I called on you as I passed thro' Williamsburg. Yon wore from 
home. I bi'ought up with me the copies you first drew of the Tables 
which accompany our Report to the ass., in order that you might show 
to the Executive how much you had written. I leave them now with 
Mrs. Finnic for you. I wish you to come up hero immediately, and 
apply for paym't so soon as there is a council; which is not the case at 
present, or I wouhl have done the business myself. I have spoken to 
some of the council, & I hope you will meet with no difficulty in pro- 
curing satisfaction to your wishes. You had better apply before the 
meeting of the As. If you will call on Mrs. Finnic, she will give you 
the papers. & tho * * wrote the Executive a letter stating your 
services & requesting payment. 

Y'r ob't serv't, 

HENRY TAZEWELL. 



Joseph Jones, Sheriff of Dinwiddie, to Governor Lee. October 16th 

To his Excellency, the Governor & honbl. members of the Council: 

The Petition of Joseph Jones, late sheriff of Dinwiddie, humbly 
Sheweth that tiierc was an execution of the Commonwealth put into 
his hands to execute agtiiust the body ol Hector McNeill for the sum of 
£203. 10. 10., returnable to November Gen. ct., 1791; That on the 2d 
da}^ of May, 1792, he returned the said executions and paid the full 
amount as pr. receipt, which your petitioner then informed the Auditor 
of, and requested he would not proceed any further ag't him on that 
notice, but y'r petitioner is sorry to find he did, & that for not returning 
the executions on the returns day, the Commonwealth has obtained 
Judgment of a fine at the last June Gen. Ct against your petitioner for 
the sum of £18. 8. lid. Your petitioner did not come over on purpose to 
return the Executions & make paiment, but that the first time he came 
over afler receiving paiment, he returned the executions & paid the 
amount into the Treasury. Your petitioner therefore prays that y'r 
honorable body would releive him from the said fine, and he in duty 
bouiltl will ever pray, &c. 



100 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 

1792. The auditor respectfully Reports to the hon'ble, the Executive, that 

October lOth the Ex'on ag't Hector McNeill, issued in the month of Aug., 1791, re- 
turnable to the then next General court; the return was made and the 
Bx'on discharged the 2d May, '92. The Judgment ag. the PetV was 
obtained at the last Gen'l Court. 

Note. — It is customary to pay costs before application is made for the 
remission of Damages or a fine. It has not been done in this case. 

J. PENDLETON. 
Aud>*s office, 16 Oct., '92. 



October 17th Samuel Coleman to Governor Lee. 

Sir: 
Council Captain Preston's papers, although not in the same words, amount 

nearly to the hame meaning with the form prescribed. The}' are a mus- 
ter roll, pay abstract, and monthly returns of a company consisting of 
a Captain, Lieutenant, Ensign, four sergeants, four corpqrals, two musi- 
cians, and sixty-six privates. The only material defect in these papers is 
there not specifying the precise time to which the troops are meant to 
be paid, which however may be ascertained by the length of time speci- 
fied in the pay abstract, for which it is intended that they receive their 
pay. No papers respecting the detachment of militia under Captain 
Preston's orders are presented. 

I have the honor to bo, sir. 

Your most ob't Il'blo Servant. 



^ 



October 17th Arthur Campbell to Governor Henry Lee. 

Sir: 
Abingdon Being anxious that your E.xccllency may know what is going for- 

ward on this part of the Frontier, I embrace every safe opportunity to 
forward you a line. Since my last, we learn that a detachment of the 
Indian force sent against the Cumberland settlement attempted on ye 
30th ult., to sui prise a small Port about midnight, but was repulsed 
with loss, by only 15 men, who no doubt fought with dosparation. 

The accounts of yesterday say that the appeai'ances of the Indians 
in the wilderness are numerous, and that they were hanging on the rear 
of large Company of Emigrants that were advanced about half way 
the 12th instant. 

Col. Cox, of Poweirs Valley, writes me that Indians have been dis- 
covered in his neighborhood, and request an augmentation of th% mili- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 101 



tia on doty. I have given it as my opinion, for him to embody all the 1792. 

young active well armed men in the settlement for one month, to build October 17th 

Forts and to keep out rangers, acting on the defensive, until further 

instructions arrive from the Executive. I thought of detaching the 

troop of Horse on a tour of two weeks as far as Cumberland Gap, 

thereby rather to encourage the Inhabitants than expect that they 

would meet with the Indians. But at a general muster yesterday, 1 

find they are unprepared for such service. And am now of opinion that 

Horse will alwaj's be useless in the militia when brought to contend 

with Indians in the mountains. It is an attention to our Infantry that 

will provide the best means for our defence. 

Sevei-al hundred able bodied healthy looking men appeared on our 
parade, but it was mortifying to see so few armed, and I am assured by 
the Captains that not a half of their men have guns. 

I was assailed with frequent and loud complaints from the Inhabi- 
tants between Walker's & Henderson's linos, on account of being har- 
rassod with orders from two Jurisdictions. Governor Blount is still 
persisting in considering them as citizens of the S. W. Territory, when 
at the same time a large majority declare it to be their desire to be 
annexed to and under the laws of Virginia. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most Obedient Serv't. 



Proceedings of a Court of Inquiry & assessment of fines held at the October 17th 
Courthouse of Washington County, October 17th, 1792 : 

Present — James Dysart, Col.; Michael Montgomery, Major; James 
Kincannon, Arthur Bowen, John Lowry, John Davis, James Logan, 
Richard Poston, Joseph Gray, And. Goff, Robert Craig, William Y. Conn, 
James Snodgrass, Joseph Hensey, Captains. 

Ordered, that Robert McReynolds, a private in Captain Bowen's Com- 
pany, John Smeathers, Robert Worsham, & Alexander Whitby, privates 
in Captain Richard Poston's companj^, be fined two pounds each pur- 
suant to law for failing to repair to their respective places of rendezvous, 
when ordered upon a call from the Governor. 

Ordered, that David Young & Daniel Siler, privates in Captain A. 
Bowen's company, and Isaac Sprout, a private in Captain Richard Pos- 
ton's company, be excused for failing to repair to their respective places 
of Rendezvous, when ordered upon a Call from the Governor. 

Present — Alexander Montgomery, Capt. 

Ordered, that William Dunn, Joseph Clark, John Lee, & John Moore, 
privates in Captain James Logan's company; John Larrimer & Michael 
Widner, privates in Captain James Snodgrass' company; Anthony Fitz- 



102 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. patrick & Isaac Hayter, privates in Capt. George Pinlcy*s company; 
October 1 7th James Glenn, a private in Captain Joseph Ilenle^^'s company; John 
Alexander, James Maxwell & William Smith, privates in Captain Robert 
Campbell's company; William Bulton, William Newton & Jacob Zim- 
merlie, privates in Captain Joseph Gray's company; Benjamin McCoi-d. 
Thomas Berry & William Large, privates in Captain John Lowcry's 
company, be excused for failing to repair to their rospoctivo places of 
Rendezvous, when ordered upon a call from the Governor. 

Ordered, That John White, a private in -Captain Geo. FinlayV coni- 
pan}^; William Beattie, a private in Captain James Kineannon's com- 
pany; Philip Trout & Jacob Dock, privates in Capt. Joseph Gray'.rCoin- 
pany; Peter McCully & John McNeill, privates in Capt. John J^owery's 
company, be fined two pounds each pursuant to law. for failing to ivpair 
to their respective places of Rendezvous, when ordered upon a call from 
the Governor. 

JAMES DYSART, Colo. 

A copy — Teste: 

AND. RUSSELL, C. C. M. 



October 18th JoHN Hamilton to the Govebnor. 

To his Excellency, the Governor, and the Ilon'blo the members of the 
Council for the Commonwealth of Virginia: 

The petition of John Hamilton humbly sheweth, that be, on the 
10th Nov., 1791, was amerced by a Jury 40. Id. and cost for an assault; 
which fine he, from the extream indigence of his circumstances, is una- 
ble to pay, & humbly prays the same may bo remitted on his pacing the 
cost of the said prosecution, & as in duty bound he will ever pray. 

At a Court held for Botetourt County, the . 10th day of November, 
1791: 

Commonwealth ag't John Hamilton — On an Ind't for A'st. 

This day came as well the Attorney for the Com'th as the said John 
Hamilton by his attorney, and Judgement is given against the said Deft 
for Two Pounds & 1 Penny Damages, &, the costs about this prosecution 
expended. 

A Copy — Teste: 

WM. SMITH, D. C. 



CALENDAR OF STATE P.VPEES, 103 



JoHH Tatloe, Esq., Chossn Skkatoe of the United States. 1792, 

In the House of Senators, 

Tbursday, Octo, 18th, 1792, 

The House proceeded according to the order of the day by Joint bal- October 18th 
lot with the House of Delegates to the choice of Senator, to represent 
this State in the Congress of the United States in the room of Richard 
Henr}' Lee, Elsquire, who hath resigned, and the roembers having pre- 
pared tickets with the name of the person to be appointed, and deposi- 
ted the same in the ballot boxes, Mr. Bassett, Mr. Cabell, Mr. Wills, and 
Mr. Benjamin Temple were nominated a Committee to meet a Commit* 
tee from the House of Delegates in the Conference chamber, and Jointly 
with them to examine the ballot boxes, and report to the House on 
whom the majority of votes should fall. 

The Committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House and Mr. Bassett reported that the Committee had according to 
order met a committee from the House of Delegates in the Conference 
chamber, and Jointly with them examined the ballot boxes, and found a 
majority of votes in flEivour of John Taylor, Esquire. 

Extract from the Journal. 

H. BROOKE, C. S. 

In the House of Senators, 

Thursday, October 18th, 1792. 

The House proceeded according to the order of the day by Joint bal- 
lot with the House of Delegates to the choice of a Senator from this 
State to the Congress of the United States, to serve for six years fVom 
the fourth day of March next, and the members having prepared tickets 
with the name of the person to bo appointed, and deposited the same in 
the ballot boxes, Mr. An lerson, Mr. Strother, Mr. St. Clair, and Mr. 
Wilson, were nominated a Committee to meet a Committee from the 
House of Delegates in the Conference chamber, and Jointly with thom 
to examine the ballot boxes and report to the House on whom the 
majority of votes should fall. 

The Committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Anderson reported that the Committee had, accoi*ding 
to order, met a Committee from the House of Delegates in the Coitfer- 
ence Chamber, and Jointly with them examined the ballot boxes, and 
found a majority of votes in favour of John Taylor, Esquire. 

Extract from the Journal : 

H. BROOKE, C. S. 



104 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Virginia : In the House of DelegateB, 

Thursday, the 18th of October, 1792. 

October 18th The House, according to the order of the day, pi'oceeded by Joint 
ballot with the Senate to the choice of a Senator from this State to tbe 
Senate of the United States, in the room of Richard Henry Lee, Esqr., 
who hath resigned, and the members having prepared tickets with the 
names of the pei*sons to be balloted for, and deposited the same in the 
ballot boxes, Mr. Eggleston, Mr. Andrews, Mr. Lee, Mr. Pope, Mr. Talia- 
ferro, Mr. Ma^'o, Mr. Hinton, Mr. Clark, of Halifax, Mr. Bi*axton, Mr. 
Willis Riddick, Mr. Davidson, and Mr. Wise were nominated a committee 
to meet a committee from the Senate in the Conference Chamber, and 
Jointly with them to examine the ballot boxes, and report to the House 
on whom the majority of votes should fall. The Committee then with- 
drew, and after some time returned into the House, and Mr. Eggleston 
reported that the Committee had, according to order, met a Coramittce 
from the Senate in the Conference Chamber, had Jointly with them 
examined the Ballot Boxes, and found a Majority' of votes in favor of 
John Taylor, Esq. 

Teste : 

CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 

Virginia: In the House of Delegates, 

Thui-sday, October the 18th, 1792. 

The House, according to the order of the daj', proceeded by Joint 
ballot with the Senate to the choice of a Senator from this State to the 
Senate of the United States, to serve for six years from the fourth day 
of March next, and the mombei's having prepared tickets with the names 
of the persons to balloted for, and deposited the same in the Ballot 
Boxes, Mr. Eggleston, Mr. Andrews, Mr. Lee, Mr. Hannon, Mr. Bradb}', 
Mr. Vance, Mr. Towles, Mr. Digges, Mr. Clay, Mr. Thornton, Mr. Chinn, 
Mr. Jones, of Brunswick, Mr. Smith, of Essex, and Mr. Lawson were 
nominated a Committee to meet a Comniitteo from the Senate in the 
Conference Chamber, and Jointly with them to examine the Ballot 
Boxes, and report to the House on whom the majority of votes should 
&IL 

The Committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and reported that the Committee had, according to order, met a 
Committee from the Senate in the Conference Chamber, had Jointly 
with them examined the Ballot Boxes, & found a majority of votes in 
favour of John Taylor, Esquire. 

Teste: 

CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 105 



E. Lanqham to Governor Lrr. 1792. 

Sir: 

The Contrmctors hitherto at the Point of Fork, have neglected their October I9lh 
duty so mach that this year I have thought it mof^t advisable to attend Richmond 
to that business myself. Now is the time that provision must be laid in 
to serve until Mav next, and it will be inconvenient to me to advance so 
much money as will be necessary therefor; I should therefore be ex- 
tremely obliged if the Hon'ble, the Executive, (provided they think it 
advisable,) will order so much money in advance as will be equal to half 
the amount of the two winter & spring quarters* allowance for provision 
furnished the Post, to be deducted from the amounts when they become 
due. The advance, if tho't reasonable^ will be about forty-five pounds- 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most ob'U 



Resolutions impowering the Executive to provide for the defence of October 20th 
tue Western frontiers: 

In the House of Delegates, 

Tuesday, 16th October, 1792. 

Resolved, that the Executive be authorized to direct such temporary Richmond 
defensive opperations for the protection of the frontiers, as will secure 
the Citizens thereof from the hostile invasions of the Indian enemy, and 
that the Governor be requested to communicate with the President of 
the United States for the purpose of establishing adequate and perma- 
nent arrangements for their security and defence. 

In order to carry this object into full and complete effect — 
Resolved, that the Executive be authorized to allow the same pay to 
the troops that has been usually allowed by this State, and to make due 
application to the War department of the United States for the reim- 
bursement of all such expenees as may be incurred by this State for the 
purpose aforesaid. 

Teste : 

CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 

Octo. 20th, 1792. 

Agreed to by the Senate. 

H. BROOKE, C. S. 



14 



106 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Joseph Martin to Governor Henry Lee. 

Sir: 
October 20th Agreeably to your request, I have made every enquiry respecting 

Richmond the lines called Walker's & Henderson's, which are the subject of dis- 
pute between this State and No. Carolina, least m}' own knowledge of 
that country might not be sufficient to lead to accurate information. 
But I can find no person that can render me any assistance. As far an 
ray own knowledge serves, I can inform you that from the * * * 
Rock to Cumberland mountain where Henderson's stopp'd, is one hun- 
dred miles. Walker proceeded as far as the Mississippi. The weadth 
between the two lines as far as Henderson's proceeded, is between two 
and three miles. I think there are about one hundred families living 
between the lines, the greater part of whom are desirous of continuing . 
in Virginia. About one-fourth are content to remain in statu quo, as 
thereby they are exempt ft'om paying tax. 

The lower station in Powell's Valley is between the two lines. They 
consider thomsclvos under the protection of Virginia. The Virginia 
law is adhered to there, and all titles to lands are from the Government 
of Virginia. You will find that when the cession was made from No. 
Carolina to Congress, reference was had to Gen'l Smith. Without men- 
tioning who Gen'l Smith was, at the time the line was run, he was esteemed 
the best mathematician, and therefore appointed to assist in the exten- 
sion of the line. At the passage of the Bill in No. Carolina for the ces- 
sion, he was a member of Assembly, and called on for information. I 
was also a member at that time. * The decision respecting the lines as I 
understood the matter, being one of the Committee, took place at the 
rising of the Assembly. The cession to Congress was on certain stipu- 
lations which could not take place before the pleasure of Congress was 
known, which was some months after. 

I have business in Powell's Valley, which will call me there in Feb'y 
next. If necessary, I can after that time give you a full account of the 
families, their names, militia, &c., &c. 

I have the honor to be, 

Y'r Exc'y's ob't Sorv't. 



October 22d Bond of Samuel Mc Williams as Clerk of the County Court of Bock- 
ingham County: 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Samuel Mc Williams, Benja- 
min Harrison, Benjamin Smith, Ezekiel Harrison, Beuben Harrinon, are 
held and firmly bound unto Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor of Virginia, 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 107 



and hi8 successors in that office for the time being, in the penal sum of 1792. 
One thousand pounds current money of Virginia; to which payment October 22d 
well and truly to be made, we do bind ourselves, our heirs, Executors, 
and Administrators, Jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, 
sealed with our seals and dated this twenty-second day of October, 1792, 
in the 17th year of our Confederation. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the 
above-bound Samuel Mc Williams, hath this day been appointed Clerk of 
the County Court of Rockingham, Now if the said Sam'l McWilliams 
shall well and truly, duly and faithfully execute his said office of a clerk 
of the County aforesaid, and shall not remove or carry nor suffer to be 
removed or carryed out of his County aforesaid, the records or papers 
of his said Court or any part of them, except in cases allowed by law, 
then the above obligation to be void, or else to remain in full force and 
virtue. 

SAMUEL MoWILLIAMS. [Seal.] 

BENJ. HARRISON. [Seal.] 

BENJ. SMITH. [Seal.] 

EZEK'L HARRISON, [Seal.] 

REUBEN HARRISON. [Seal.] 



Arch'd Woods to the Governor, enclosing a Letter op Wm. Wil- ()itol)er 23d 

SON OP October IGth, 1792. 

Sir: 

My order sent to Mr. Peyton, of Winchester, was not excepted or 
paid — it not being convenient; Mr. Peyton alledgiiig the onier came 
Two late, & that he had wrote to Gen. Woods on the subject. I there- 
fore hope your Excellency will take the matter into consideration & 
Direct the auditor to pay the sum of one hundred pound, which was 
deducted out of my acc*t when settled. 

I have the honor to be. 

Your Excellency's Ob't Serv't. 

Augusta, Octo. 16th, 1792. 

Sir: 

I imbrace the first opportunity to inform you that I have collected 
nothing for you. Mr. Pay ton wa^i very polite; acknowledged that he 
was authorized to pay the sum, but observed that it was payable last 
June, & you having omitted to send for it, He had wrote to Gen'l Wood, 
your Imployer, that you had not called for the money: however he 
alleged that if I would wait two or three days longer, he would indeavor 
to answer the order. 



n 



106 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. A certain Mr. Smith (If I recollect right,) was gone abroad, and ex- 

October23d pecteil shortly to return^ frora whom he would get the money. Upon 

the whole I concluded the chance was indiflPerent to get the money here, 

and therefore let you know that you may collect from the Governor 

himself. 

I am your Friend, 

WM. WILSON. 

The above is extracted from a letter dated IGth Oct., 1792, addressed 
to Arch'd Woods, member ot the House of Delegates, Richmond, under 
the signature of William Wilson, whose handwriting Mr. Woods says he 
can prove by his brother, who is a member of the Senate. 

Attest : 

SAM'L COLEMAN. 



October 23d David Ross to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond There is an unsettled account subsisting between the Common- 

wealth & myself, which I am & long have been desirous of having set- 
tled. The account is of such a nature as cannot be settled by the Au- 
ditor; it consists of a few inconsiderable charges relative to the com- 
mercial Departm't, and on the other hand is a contract for 250 tons Iron 
for making cannon — a part of which is still to deliver, being stop'd at 
the time of Invasion & the destruction of the Foundery from sending it 
down. I am ready to submit these accounts to any person you think 
proper to appoint, that they may be led to a final settlement. 

I have the honor to be, with great regard, 

Your very hum. Serv't 



I 



October 23d Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Council I have, as directed, examined Wm. Shannon's Books and Accounts, 

office 2LJad find no entry in them or any of them respecting James Shaw. 
If Mr. Shannon has paid Mr. Shaw anything on account of his services, 
he has omitted to charge it in his account with the Commonwealth. 

It then occurs whether Mr. Shaw's claim is now admissible, since the 
State, from the final settlement of the Illinois expences with the General 
Government, is precluded on expectation of being reimbursed by the 
United States for any monies now paid on that acc't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 109 



It appearn to me that Mr. Shaw can only be relieved b}' the General 1792. 
Assembly. October 23d 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most ob*t Serv't. 



E. Lanqhan to the Governor. October 23d 

To his Excellency the Governor; 

Sir: 

I find in my letter to 3'our Excellency on the subject of an 
advance of money to the contractor to enable him to lay in provisions 
for the winter & spring, I was not sufficiently explicit. 

By Virtue of an order of the Executive, I have appointed Mr. John 
Langham Contractor. * * * 

It 18 on his behalf I ask the advance. 

I have the honor to be. 

Your Excellency's most ob*t. 



Henry Lee, Esq., Chosen Governor. Octol)er 2r)th 

In the House of Senators, 

Thursday, October 25, 1792. 

The House proceeded according to the order of the day by Joint Bal- 
lot with the House of Delegates to the choice of a Governor or chief 
Magistrate of this Commonwealth for one year from the first day of 
December next; and the members having prepared tickets with the 
name of the Person to be appointed, and deposited the same in the bal- 
lot boxes, Mr. Wills, Mr. Kearns, Mr. Claiborne, and Mr. Anderson, 
were nominated a Committee to meet a Committee from the House of 
Delegates in the Conference Chamber, and Jointly with them to. exam- 
ine the ballot boxes, and report to the House on whom the Majority of 
votes should fall. 

The Committee then withdrew, and aflcr some time returned into the 
Houpe, and Mr. Wills reported that the Committee had according to 
order, met a Committee from the House of Delegates in the Conference 
Chamber, and Jointly with them examined the ballot boxes, and found 
a Majority of votes in favour of Henry Lee, Esq. 

Teste : 

H. BROOKE, C. S. 



JiO CAltEKliAli OF STATE PAP££fi. 



iJU^- J (k> oertby thm 1 iiart; thif» <iaj ftdmiuisUiriMi tlie Oalbfi rfiquired br 

OouUtt :!Mi law to tM* UikiAi iiT tt Garenior or eliieT MjtLS^staxix of tiik Oomiaoii- 

(FiTtfXi uuder luj iuuid Ji£ a Justioe of the Peaoe for iht Caanlj of 

JOHN HJLBVIK 



<>cu»Utf- :StiUi Penxiuy fob the Pashov of Joshta Euas Vacxb. Ejiight. 
Freden<'ii«^ TIm? HojQ'bie B. Guode.J. H. Briggii. Jobc iHtm-fton, k HMrd^ax BeTeriev. 

It is with macb dii&dijaice we use the freedotn lo 
u44rm» you io behmlf of JosbuA Eli»6 Y&dbel Enigbt, ik>w snder sen- 
tenoe of de&tb id tfaie Goai for Horse^teiling, parik'ulnrij its he formeriy 
receired pardon from the GoverDor & CoudciI for the smme crinie. Oar 
fri^odfl, M.mtfn. Tbomtoo k Brook, c&o expUio to you the nature of 
thU uuin*i» ca«e, L E. the slight proof under which the Jury found him 
guiJty, who we imagine were influenced in some measure by his former 
cbamcter Knight is penitent, and in our opinion wili become an useful 
member of society if he is repreired under the Gallows. The horses hv 
bsJi sU>len never exceeded in ralue £4. — tn^ides there is so great a pos- 
sibility of his being innocent in the last instance, that our hearts bleed 
for the poor wretch. We therefore most earnestly solicit your interfer- 
ence. We will consider it a striking mark of your humanity, and a 
proof of your friendship for us. 

Excuse this libert}', and beleivc us on all occasions with much respect 
k Esteem, D'r Sirs, 

Y'r m. s'ts, 

GUS. B. WALLACE, 
WM. GLASSELL. 

Wo have not the pleasure of being well enough known to the other 
members of the council to venture to address them individually. 

< >i'lol>i»r 26ih The Ilon'bic The Governor and Council of Virginia: 

Kr(«<lerii*kM- Wu take the liberty of addressing your Excellency & Honors in bc- 
bunt imif of an unfortunate man, Joshua Elias Vachel Kni^hi. now under 
sontonco ol death in this Goal, for Horse Stealini^. NoiMmcx '»"i j« •' on- 
viction that this criminal is a sincere penitent, (and will hereafter 
lead an honest life), the slight proof under which the Jury found him 
guilty, and the small value of the horse, say £4, could induce us to pre- 
sume to ask his life, especially as ho has once before had your clemency 
extended to him for a similar offence. Our friend, Mr. Brook, (Mr. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. HI 



TboratOD WAS then an well, and is perhaps unacquainted with this poor 1792, 
man's case), will have the goodness to explain the nature of the t«8ti- October 25th 
mony that convicted him. Should your Honorable Board think proper 
to grant this our most earnest request, it will gratify our feeling, and 
confer on us a lasting obligation. 

We have the honor to be with unfeigned respect. 

Your Excellency & Honors' 

Devoted Servants, 

GUS. B. WALLACE. 
WM, GLASSELL, 



Proceedings of Cumberland County Court. October 2iVth 

At a Court of Quarter Session continued and held for Cumberland 
County, the 25th October, 1792: 

Present — John Woodson, Archer Allen, Benjamin Allen, John Hoi- 
man & Stephen Cook, Gent., Justices. 

The Court taking into consideration the present situation of the 
county, and of the number of Justices necessary to discharge the busi- 
ness of the same with convenience of one to the other, are of opinion 
that notwithstanding the number of Justices in the county in the com- 
mission of the peace, that the burthen of the business of the whole 
County is thrown in the hands of only a few magistrates, not more than 
six or seven, a majority of whom now compose the Court, in consequence 
of which the business is greatly retarded, to the injury and oppression 
of the suitors, and it is ordered the same be certified to the Executive, 
& that a copy of this order be served on the Justices of this county & 
returned to next court. 

A Copy — Teste: 

MILLER WOODSON, Clk. 



Pleasant Wade's papers as Express, containing receipts for Acts of October 26th 
Assembly, enclosed in original papers. 



Jos. Obannon's papers, containing receipts for Acts of Assembly, en- October 27th 
cloeed in original papers. 



112 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. MoNs. Db Tubeup to the Governor and Council. 

Gontlemen : 
October 29tli F^ill of Gratitude for the Services I received in this country, 

both by the decree of the National Assembly enacted to lend me six 
hundred pounds in order to improve the French Settlement along Clinch 
river, and by your Kind co-operation in its Execution, I* begg you, Gen- 
tlemen, to receive my respectful acknowledgements, and to deign to 
interpret my sentiments to the representatives of the nation. 

Enjoy your own beneficence, Gentlemen — ^your orders have been read- 
ily executed. 

A wagon road from Russell Court to my Lands has been opened, and 
is now very practicable. 

A Body of soldiers has been settled two miles from my Plantation, 
and by their closs application to their duty, have saved me from the un- 
happy consequences of the Indian Incursions. 

I have received the Six hundred pounds you granted me, and nothing 
will be wanting to the prosperity of my Settlement if the greatest part 
of my companion's too easily discouraged yielding to a false terror, and 
tired at the difRculties met at the beginning, had not abandoned me; 
this loss, however, is easy to be repared. One word from you, Gentle- 
men, will do it — by comforting the Emigrants who are to come; and 
that will be a service rendered both to the country where they will 
inhabit, and to me — the full success of whose schemes depend entirely 
upon it. The retreat of some of my partners, the distance of that 
Country, some cxageration in the reports of the Indian Incursions, are 
Enough to frighten those who are not acquainted with that place. 

Therefore I request from you, Gontlemen, the favour of a certificate 
ascerting the true state of that country — that is to say, the Goodness 
both of the soil and climate, the Legitimity of my possessions, and the 
facility of keeping ones self from Indians, by testifying my living there 
for one year past, the case will be less doubtfull. I request you in the 
next place to order for my Settlement six Soldiers from those who are 
to be sent to Russell County, till our Settlement becoming more popu- 
lous, may be able to guard itself against Indians. 

That favour is the more reasonable, as our plantations being Situated 
along the right hand of Clinch, are more subject to the Indian In- 
cursions. 

I am Satisfied, Gentlemen, that such a declaration will here a 

numerous emigration, and that in a short time you will see full of indus- 
trious people that vast and precious country which is now wild and un- 
inhabited. 

Frenchmen informed of what you have done i'or us since our arrival 

^- here, and of the last i)recautions which I hope you will take, will know 

that they may find hero another native country — that to a Frenchman, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEES. 113 



an American \a a brother, a friend, and that in a free country a foreigner 1792. 
is not distinguished, but by a greater kindness and regard for him. As October 29th 
for rae, Gentlemen, my respect and respectful attachment will last as 
long as my life. 



DE TUBEUF. 



To his Excellency, the Governor, and the council. 
The 29th Oeto., 1792. 



H. Knox, Secretary at War, to the Governor, inclosing a letter October 30th 
FROM Governor Blount, regarding the Cherokees. 

Sir: 

I have the honor by the post of this day to acknowledge the re- War 
ceipt of your Excellency's letters of the 19th & 24th instant. Department 

The oflScers of the militia called out for the defensive protection 
will be allowed the pay stipulated in the act of the 5th of March last, 
since the passing of the same. 

I have the honor to transmit you a copy of governor Blount's last 
intelligence of the 7th of October, since which nothing further has 
been received. 

As the constitution has invested the Congress with the powers of war, 
and as that body are on the eve of Assembling, the whole subject of 
the Chickamagoes will be laid before them for their consideration and 
decision. In the mean time, it is the desire of the President of the 
United States that only defensive measures should be used. If for this 
object it should be your Judgment that the militia in the South Western 
parts of Virginia should be increased, you will please to order the same 
under the former regulations. The organized companies of Virginia 
would indeed be a handsome body of troops to be employed against the 
lower Cherokees. In case Congress authorize an expedition against them, 
the orders of the President of the United States will be taken upon the 
subject. 

The accountant has not reported upon the Militia rolls you forwarded, 
but I have directed him to do it immediately. And arrangements shall 
be made for transmitting the amount. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, with great respect. 

Your very humble serv't. 

His Excellency the Governor of Virginia. 



15 



114 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEES. 



1792. Knoxville, Sunday, ObtoDcr 7th, 1792. 

Sir: 
October 30th The inclosed papers contain all the information I have received 

worth communicating from the Chorokeos since writing you by Mr. 
Allison on the 26lh September. 

For many days past I have hourly been in expectation of an express 
from Cumberland; nor have I heard of the Creeks and Cherokccs 
since they passed the Tennessee as mentioned in the letter of the 
"Breath and Charley," and by John Boggs on the 17th of September. 

The militia are turning out with unusual alacrity; some of them have 
made their appearance from the upper counties, and the whole number 
called for will be here by Saturday night. 

I hope the honor of your orders as speedily as possible, and have that 
of being with very great respect, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

(Signed) WM. BLOUNT. 

HENKY KNOX, Esquire, 

Secretary of War. 

Lookout Mountain, Septem'r 15th, 1792. 

Friend and Brother: 

We have heard your letter you sent to the Glass 
and the Bloody Fellow ; the Bloody Fellow is at home, and the Glass is 
gone to the Little Turkey, and we are very glad to see it was in our 
power to stop the young fellows from going to war with the whites, our 
Elder Brothers, as our people and your people is living as it were 
together — ^}'ou and them is so near each other. You mention that we 
ought to consider matters well befoi-e beginning a War; it is very true- 
war is very bad, and I hope you nor us shall see no more of it, but live 
in peace. 

But we are very sorry to inform you (you may think it a lie, but we 
assure it is the truth), that we are very sorry that four days after our 
people had dispersed to their ditferent homes, there was a great number 
of Creeks passed by here for several days. It was out of our power to 
stop them; they said there was several hundreds crossed the River low 
down, and had with them Lb. 500 of powder, and lead accordingly. 
They said they were going to Cumberland. It is not the principal head 
m^n of the Creeks Nation, but young fellows, and indeed a gi*eat num- 
ber of them boys. 

They Said that Colonel Robertson and General Pickens had told Cor- 
deatoy what we before told you. 

We are much obliged to you for your advice in telling us, take care, 
as the inuQceut would undoubtedly suffer. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAYEES. lir 



We have told you of the Creeks always going, and wo hope you will 1792. 
not let any of our people suffer for the bad designs of the Creeks, for October 30th 
we tell you they are gone — the exact number we do not know. 

We heard that John Sevier says it will not be long before he sets out 
for war; that he is to come to this place and all about here, and that 
there is another warrior to come with an army from Tuqula in order to 
destroy the nation; such talks makes our young people very uneasy. 
We could wish that your warriora would not send such talks, unless you 
intend to do so. 

These from your friends and Brothers. 

(Signed) THE BREATH AND CHARLES. 

His Excellency William Bount. 

Note. — There must be a mistake in the date of this letter; from the 
information collected from Bogs, it must have been written on the 23rd 
September, 1792. 

On Frida}', the 28th September, 1792, John Bogs returned to Knox- 
ville from the five lower towns, where he had been to carry the letters 
of the 14th instant from Governor Blount to the CTlass and the Blood}' 
Fellow, in answer to theirs of the lOlh September, and delivered to 
Governor Blount the letter of the Breath, of Nickajack, and Charley, of 
the running water, dated September 15th, 1792 — (there must have been 
ji mistake in the date of this letter; it was probably written on the 23rd 
September). Bogs continued with Governor Blount from Friday, the 
28th, to Sunday, the 30th, and with him the Hanging man, Unacata, the 
brother of John Watts, and three other Indians. During this time Gov- 
ernor Blount extracted all the information he possibly could respecting 
the Indians, and both Bogs and the Maw appeared to bo quite candid 
and communicative. 

The amount of the information given by John Bogs, was that from 
the 15th to the 17th instant, the Creeks were passing the Tennessee at 
the Running water, Nickajack, and at a place called the Creek 'crossing 
place, about thirty miles below Nickajack, on their way to invade the 
district of Mero (Cumberland Settlement,) and that they were Joined 
by from 100 to 200 Cherokees — among whom was John Watts; and that 
the Creeks had with them a great quantity of powder and Lead which 
they had received from the Spaniards; that the whole were to rendez- 
vous at the place where the different paths came together, on their way 
towards Nashville, and concert their measures of attack upon the Cum- 
berland Settlements. That while he was at the Lookout Mountain, he 
was informed that Richard Findleston and a Frenchman had passed on 
fr<»m Pensacola to Cumberland to obtain information of the true situa- 
tion of that country, and were to return in ten nights and report such 
as they could collect; That ho found it generally understood in the lower 
towns as well as the other parts of the Nation through which he passedf 



110 CALENDAR O^ STATE PAPEfig. 



171)2. that sach of tho Inhabitants of the five lower Towns as did not want 
October 30ili war, had best leave them, and that sueh of the other Towns as did want 
war had best move to them, and that some of both parties were movinti: 
so as to take the situation which best suited their wishes and disposition 
for war or peace. Bogs is a Half breed, well known to many white 
people, and by all parties viewed as a man of veracity. 

The Hanging Maw said he and the Little Turkey and all the chiefs 
of the Cherokees except of the five lower Towns were for peace, and 
that the five lower towns were for war. That they expected to be 
attacked and destroyed, and were providing against that event. Some 
intended moving nearer tho Creeks; others to go west of the Mississippi 
near Sans la Grace, and others among whom was the Shawanese War- 
rior and his party of the running water, to form a settlement at the 
Creek or Crossing place of the Tennessee, a small distance above the 
Shoals, at the mouth of a creek on the South side; there to be Joined 
and supported in perpetual war against the United States by a party of 
Shawanese who are expected shortly to arrive at that place by water 
way of the Ohio and Tennessee. 

Unacata, the Brother of John Watts, a good natured pleasant fellow, 
on Saturday having drank freely of whiskey, and conversing with tho 
Maw, Bogs, and the other Indians, told several stories with much 
humour of the attention that Governor Blount and the white people 
had always paid to Watts whenever he came among them. Now the 
said Watts was for war with the whites, and had sent for him to Join 
him, and he had given Watts for answer that the whites had given him 
(Watts), a great many fine clothes, and that he had grown saucy, all 
the clothes he (Unacata) had he had earned and paid for, and that it' 
he (Watts) went to war, and fell, he might lay there, ho, Unacata, 
would not pick him up, meaning he would not revenge his death accord- 
ing to their law. This conversation was overheard" by Captain ChivS- 
holm and Mr McKee, who understood what he said. Governor Blount 
asking the Hanging Maw about another Unacata, who with his wife 
had been with the Governor in the latter part of August ten or twelve 
days, been well treated, and made great professions of Friendship, was 
answered that he too had thought him a good man, but Watts had car- 
ried him to war, and he supposed he must be killed. 

Knoxville, September 30th, 1792. 

A message from Kenoteta or rising fawn, of Hiawassa, to Governor 
Blount, received at Hiawassa on the 1st, and delivered at Knoxville on 
the 5th October, 1792, by John Christian — (Kenoteta is an old Headman 
and was a Signer to the treaty of Hopewell): 

"The mountains near you have many Indians in them for war; take 
care of your people. Don't let them go out by twos or threes, even to 
their fields. The lower Towns are all rogues, and so are the Creeks; 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 117 



make baste and come and destroy tbcm. Come by Iliawassa, and I will 1702. 
find you provisions as you pass. (Ktohor:UMli 

Talobtiske was bore tbe otbor day from tbe lower Towns, Rayin«:j be 
bad tbrowed away bis war talks and was now for peace. Don*t you 
believe bim; he is still for war, and means to raise a party and Join his 
Brolber, tbe Bench, and another Brother of his, tbe Tail; passed here 
yest^jrday with three other Cherokees, of Wills Towns, and five Creeks, 
deitlaring they wore ^oing to kill Jo. Sevier; take care of them — they 
will do some mischief before they return. 

A number of Shawanese have already settled down on the Big River* 
the mouth of a creek, and many more are coming; those who have 
arrived have with them many Good Blankets and Strouds and other 
goods — where they got them I do not know, but they must have destroyed 
many people to get them either by water or Land. 

Information by John Christian, who lives at Estanaula with James 
Carey, and who brought up Gallaspiesi's son from thence to bis father, 
and arrived at Knoxville the 5th October, 1792: 

That as he came through the cherokee nation with Gallaspiese's son, 
Moyatory, a cherokee at Springton place, came up to bim and said to 
him, you are an old man — go along, but it is war time, and this boy and 
bis horse I will have. Christian replied to bim, •be was Joking; no, be 
said he was not, and he would have Boy and Horse. Upon which, the 
warrior's son, of Estanaula, who had been selected by the Head men of 
the place to accompany Christian and insure safety to young Gallaspie, 
stepped up and said he would protect him at the Risque of bis life. 
Moyatoy then desisted, and Christian then proceeded in safety with tbe 
warrior's son to Hiawassa, and there Culsetabe, the son-in-law of the 
rising fawn, Joined the party tbe better to insure safety to young Gillas- 
pie, and came with them to Craigs Station on nine mile. Christian adds 
that the chiefs, without exceptions, of all tbe cherokee Towns except 
the five lower, were for peace, but that many of tbe young Men of every 
part of tbe nation discovered an inclination to Join tbe war party of the 
lower Towns. 

On the 2d of October, 1792, Black's blockhouse on tbe bead of Crooked 
Creek, a branch of Little River, at which there was a Sergeant's com- 
mand from Captain Crawford's company, was attacked by surprize about 
an hour and an half in night by a party of Indians commanded by a 
Cherokee, of Wills Town, called the Tail, a Brother of the Bench and 
Talohtiske, consisting of three other Cherokees and five Creeks. James 
Paul was Killed in tbe house, and George Moss and Robert Stiarpe Sit- 
ting out by a fire, and John Shankland wounded, and throe horses were 
Killed and Seven carried ofi^. 



* Tbe Cherokees call the Tennessee the Bip River. 



118 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. H. Caperton to the Executive op Virginia. 

The Ilon'ble the Executive of Virginia; 
Gentlemen : 
October 30th When I wafl appointed to the command of a Company 

of Volunteer Militia, ordered to the defence of Greenbriar & Kanawa, 
Col. Boon Contracted to furnish these men with rations, but from some 
cause or other failed. This put me under the necessity of employing 
other persons to do the business, making myself responsible for the 
money, & now stand bound for the amount of rations furnished my Com- 
pany, no part of which has been paid. The Executive also directed Col. 
Boon to convey the ammunition allowed from Point of Fork to Green- 
brier, in this he also failed, this compelled me to purchase and supply 
the men myself, for which 1 am bound to individuals. From these cir- 
cumstances I am induced to make application to your Hon'ble board for 
a drafl on the Treasury for a sum adequate to defray these charges, I 
confess it is rather an informal method of apply to the publick, & I know 
that my accounts ought to be produced, but my present situation leaves 
me no other, my papers and vouchers being lofl wnth the County Lieu- 
tenants of Greenbriar & Kanawa, for their certificates thereon, for which 
1 could not wait & attend at the time appointed for the meeting of tlie 
Assembly. They will be brought on some time hence, & I Expect will 
give ample & satisfactory information in which manner 1 have conducted 
this business. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

your most obe't & very 11 'bio 8erv't. 

Oct'o 4th, 1792. 



i 



O^oIkt :?Oth John Smith to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Ricliniond In sending the proceedings of the Court-martial held at Morgan 

Town for the trial of Col. Evans, no mention has been made of thi? 
expencos, which the nature of that business, unavoidably occasioned. 

In order to prevent a disappointment in the meeting of the Court, my 
oi\iei*s, the Agency of Col. McClary, were sent forward by a special 
messenger to the commanding officers of Ohio & Monongalia. A small 
expencQ attended this, which the roc'ts enclosed w ill show you ha?< lu en 
paid. A gentleman who was engaged to execute the office of Judge 
Advocate, was flattered with the usual compensation for the perform- 
ance of that service, and his charge will accordingly appear. A letter 
from Col. Boggs, of Ohio, which accompanies this, will also inform you 
of the expectations of the members of the Court, and as their services 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 119 



were obli^^^tory to your authority, so they hold themsolvcs entitled to 1792. 
the pay of this gmdc. Your Excellency will be pleased to communi- CK»tober30th 
cato the result of your decision, as some of the Gentlemen interested 
arc members of the Assembly, & wish to be informed on the subject. 

I am, Sir, with the greatest respect. 

Your ob't Serv't. 



Hugh Caperton to the Governor. October 3l8t 

Sir: 

" The many alarming accounts daily received of hostile intentions of Richmond 

the Indian enemy, makes me anxious to visit my Garrisons in Greenbriar 

and Kanawa; to which I intend setting out in a very few days. 

The neglect of the person appointed Contractor for my Company, 
obliged me, in order to supply that defect, to make several Conti*acts 
which I stand bound to discharge on my return. 

I should feel myself happy if your Excellency would order me such 
a sum as would enable me in part to fulfil those engagements which I 
have entered into on behalf of the publick, and charge the same to my 
general account. 

On my return here, which I purpose to be in the beginning of De- 
cember, I shall bring forward an accurate account of all the expence 
incurred in my department. 

I have the Honour to be with respect, sir, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't, H'ble Serv't. 



Joseph Howell to Hon. Secretary op War. Novem. Ist 

War Department, 

Accountant's office, 

November 1st, 1792. 
Sir: 

By a letter from Henry Lee, Esq., Governor of Virginia, and an 
abstract accompanying it. It appeal's that the State of Virginia has 
paid and advanced for the defence of her frontiers in the year 1792, viz: 

Payments : 

To Le. Shaw & Company, for services in 

1791; Pay & Rations, - - - £206. 10. 0. 

Ens. McGavock & Co., ditto, - - - 66, 1. 0. 

Thos. Newell, for spades, &c., - - r 7. 0. 0. 

. . 279. 11. 0. 



120 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



171)2. Advances: 

Novem. Ist To Capt*» Lewis, Proslon, Carpt^iitcr, & 

Loutbor, for pay of their Cornp'ys of 
Volunteers & Militia, - -' - - £1,116. 0.0. 

Jos. Kent, eonti-actor, - - - - 331. 16. 2. 

En. Campbell, for recruiting, - - 30. 0. 0. 

Jno. Payton, for ammunition, - - 155. 5. 0. 

1,629. 1. 2. 

1,908. 12. 2. 

Equal to sixty-three hundred & sixty-two dolls. 2 cents, for which appli- 
cation is made for reimbursement, on which I have to observe that ne 
other vouchers are pi'oduced but copies of the amounts of payments 
said to be made, and for the advances copy of an abstract, neither of 
which are ofRcial. The charge for recruiting militia is not authorised. 
Upon the whole, no settlement can be made, and if an arrangement is 
made to advance any sum, it will be on acc't of payments and advances 
of the State for the protection of her frontiers in 1792, for which she 
will be held accountable until the original vouchers for the due applica- 
tion of the money is produced. 

I am, sir, with respect, 

Y'r ob. Serv't. 



Novem. ist H- Knox, Secretary at War, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
War A Warrant has this day issued on the supervisor of the Revenue at 

Department Riebmond to pay the sum of six thousand three hundred & sixty-two 
dollars, 2 cents, to the Treasurer of the Commonwealth of Virginia, 
being the amount of the estimate transmitted the 27th of September. 

The great proportion of this sura being for advances which ai-e con- 
trary to the rules of the Treasury to make in general cases, the amount 
has been obtained solely in consideration of the respect due the request 
of the Executive of Virginia. 

r shall be greatly obliged by your directing, as soon as convenient, 
that the original musters and Vouchers for settlements actually made 
according to the former regulations be transmitted, and that in future 
the proper officer accora])any requisitions for money for the defensive 
protection with such vouchera and settlements, so that all difficulties or 
delays may be avoided. 

Since my letter of the 30th, the Express mentioned by you has arrive<i 
with letters from Governor Blount of the 10th ultimo, but he brought 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 121 



no further information than was contained in the printed paper which 17D2. 
you were so good as to forward, excepting the idea that it was pi'obable Nowin. 1st 
small parties would continue to iniest the frontiers. 

Upon receiving any further intelligence, it shall be transmitted. 

The sum of six hundred and Eighty-two dollai*s, 33 cents, is also ad- 
vanced for the scouts of Harrison County for the year 1791, agreeably 
to the report of the accountant; a copy ot which is enclosed. But as 
no musters or other Vouchei's appear excepting a roll, it is hoped that 
the money will not be paid until such essential Vouchei*s are produced. 

I have the honor to be with great respect, 

Your Excellency's humble Servant. 



Samuel Coleman to the Governor. Novcm. i.t 

Sir: 

1 have examined the account of the Contractor to furnish the Post Council 
at the Point of Fork with provisions for the quarter ending the 3l8t of 
October, 1792, and find it amounts to forty-seven pounds seven shillings 
and eleven pence; and have the honor to be, 

Sir, 

Y'r most obedient serv't. 



Arthur Campbell to the Governor. . Novem. Ist 

Si r : 

At the request of several officers of the Militia, both in Washington Richmond 
and Russell counties, particularly that part of the latter called Powell's 
Valley, I have taken a Journey to this place to ask for assistance against 
our new enemies, the Southern Indians. My former communication by 
Calhoun, Timbuff, and Col. Greenup will throw light on occurrences to 
that date. Since by a friendly chief and a w^hite man in our interest, 
(altho' adopted into an Indian family many years,) we learn that the 
Indian Commander John Watts received a bad wound in the attack on 
Buchanan's Fort. That he had 15 of his men killed or so wounded 
that they died before they got home. That part of his force dispei'scd 
in small parties, saying they would in future kill people out of the Forts 
and carr^' off their horses. Our informant says that it was part of 
Watts original plan to drive off or destroy the whole of the Inhabitants 
in PowelPs Valley, to push back our settlement and gain their former 
hunting grounds; have been strongly urged by the Spanish Agent, now 
residing in the Creek upper Towns, and that to effect their purpose his 

16 



122 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEES. 



1792. King would supply thorn with arms, ammunition, and cloathing; To 
Novem. Ist make war their husiness, and ho would indemnify them for the loss of 
hunting the ensuing season. 

Governor Blount on the 20th ult., had about 1,000 men assembled at 
Knoxville, a part under oixiers to march to Nashville, and to guard 
through the wilderness a largo number of Emigrants, among whom 
were a number of wealthy reputable families. The remainder said to be 
destined to penetrate the Cherokee country as far as the lower Towns. 

Thus, sir, a war has begun in which Virginia has in no measure been 
accessory, but in the progress of which many of her innocent citizens 
will be sufferers, if they are not speedily protected. 

I am. Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant. 



Novem. 1st Proceedings of Westmoreland County Court. 

At a Court of Quarterly sessions continued and hold for Westmoreland 
County the first day of November, 1792: 

It appearing to the court that a sufficient number of the commission- 
ers, appointed by the Hon'ble the Governor and Council of this Slate on 
the 10th day of March, 1789, to act as commissioners for recording 
deeds lost or destroyed by the destruction of Eecords of County Courts, 
neither have, or as they believe can be induced to attend and perlorra 
the duties required of them by their appointment and the Act of Gou- 
erl Assembly''. It is therefore ordered that this be roprcscntod to the 
Executive, and the Court requests that a smaller number than a niH- 
jorit}' may be authorized to act in the promises as ComrniHsioners ami 
that the Hon^blo the Governor and Council will appoint the same Nine 
gentlemen heretofore commissioned, or any three of them to fulfill the 
duties enjoined under the law. 

A True copy: 

JAS. BLAND, C. W. C. 



Novem. 3d H. Knox, Secretary at War, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
War The President of the United States has directed me to acknowledge 

Department ^^^ receipt of your Excellency's Letter to him of the 27th ultimo., en- 
closing Resolves ot the llouse of Delegates and the Senate of Virginia, 
relatively to the tem])orary defence of the frontiers, thereof, and the 
Copy of a Letter from Colonel Arthur Campbell, dated the 13th of Ou 
tober. 



- ,>g?k-aA '•'* <:.: .T- -^---^Ji^ ;^5|c 



*••> * ' "^""ti- :a^ -^ii, -«3sLk *fci^ i~*^»r. ».> ■•- * »-j.-.-.t^ i« -«*V<. *. 



um ij^i -" "- f .ai* t.- .*irt»- ir "set. rti" n*>*. ■♦, w««: 1 ?.- «»k i%*>..»>. 









to hare a F«*»n hnL^ s^lvim hi»h* ^'f^^ :i lh^ m^-i^K^'iv^iv i^f»«; yv^^v i^ \vi^^^ 
rison of fifty lIK^Ii ir. rL i^nr Tr.-v^ j»ft^r iWv tX^^^X i>M>f\ \>^w^>\ ^i^\ 
meet those Ra»U!«^r? <v'ca<6.-aiA.r*T. *i»»3 }*>iWS,>iifti>.^^^T\i w^^n^ ^H.«^^^mt^^ 
the dirwtion of Gc*rerrfogr RjiMitju 'irhi^h ^^^!«).* ^vrw A ^^^iVi .M Vs^y»WiV 
lion that nujrht j^moriwie iJje f>oo<ft»«Piy cvf TVnvjxs K^jv^ ^K^t^NVhS^ ^\^ 
Clinch River. As to mtt^mpt c»f the S,m^iWt^ %>vh'^\\. ih^^ )(^\^^>)^\^ ^s^ 
the Ohio may cover that frontier fK^w the ii^TN^i^h* ^M' ^he ^^mh^^^^^ )^ 
diana. But il wiU he i»eJe^ rospectin^j the j^^iuhen^ x^-^v 

The post at Cumheriand l^ap, he^«U^ o\^v<^r1n*J a %hMaoh^st f^N>nih^\ w^^l 
llement of Virginia, It will divide the dislamv Ivtxx^v^^ )^^\0(>> <^M 
Hawkins Courthouse — of counw fkeiht^ite the tmi^Mj^^xHi^M^N^ >s| ^h^^ 
mail and secure our inte^c^ou^ae with the anwy on the t>h*\V h> \*^U\I, 



124 CALENDAR OF STATE 



]7S^. Tbtii in a plan *ft aceoDomj, on account of tbe idea of the Exeeotive 

S*^*iiMt, '/j»l of the Genend Goremmeoi; a fall company ougbi to be the number 

for tbi« Service, an tbev may (>c aM^ailed by large partrs of lodian^^ and 

aM tbey will be more tban one bundre«l miles from tbe Settlement from 

wbence tbey c-an expect succour in ca*«e of extremity. 

It will be jieculiariy mortifying if tbe frontier of Virginia exposed 
to tbe attackfi of the Soutbem Indians l>e neglecte<L wbcn tbeir neigb- 
(K>urH in tbe »K>utb western Territory, not so mucb in danger, bave an 
ample force ranging around tbe Settlements. Tbe Virginians witbout 
murmuring pays duties to tbe general Government : tbe citizens of the 
Southwestern Territory not a shilling; Georgia and South Carolina are 
arranging to oppose tbe same enemy^ and will no doubt be paid for their 
services out of tbe Treasury of tbe United States. 



Noverii. THb Wm. Da VIES to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Willa- I harJ the honor of receiving your letters of 10th Feb'y, 11th Octo 

delphia j(p Claiborne bro't nothing from your Excellency for me, but your 
favour of the 24tb Sept'r, has been Just handed me containing papers 
from Col. Hetb. I bad my apprehensions respecting the accounts to 
which those papers relate, from my not receiving any of the vouchers 
or documents from Richmond as I has requested; to supply tbe want of 
them, I availed myself of the presence of Col. Hetb in this city, to give 
in conjunction with Col. Honlcy such information to the Board as would 
be most likely to supply the want of those papers. This testimony I 
reduced to writing in the presence of the board, and have filed, tho' in 
some points Col. Henley does not agree with Col. Hetb. 

Agreeable to my former Assurance, I have compleatod the statement 
of the whole claims of Virginia, which will shortly engross almost the 
whole attention of the board. I shall very soon transmit to your Ex- 
cellency a list of Vouchers to be sent on from the Auditor's office, in 
support of charges to a great amount, which in the former statement 
bad boon omitted, but which I have that properly chargeable to the 
Union, and have introduced into the claim of the State. 

I bog leave to commit lo your Excellency the enclosed letter to the 
Auditor on this business, which will I hope prev^ent delay in office. 

I have the honor, with most respectful esteem to remain, 

Your Excellency's very h'ble Serv't. 



^ 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 126 



Arthur Campbell to Governor Lee. 1792. 

Sir: 

If the Executive Hbould think proper to pay all or a part of the Xovt^m. (>th 
inclosed accompts now, out of the contingent Fund, I will take charge 
of the sum, and have it paid to the very individuals entitled to receive 
it, without an}' deductions, And engage that the legal vouchers be for- 
warded in due time, aflor the time of service is expired. 

I am a little anxious about the matter because I know, should no 
money be sent, the soldier's pay will immediately depreciate, and others 
who have not risqued their lives will be gainers thereby; besides it 
will be a discouragement to the select Rifle-men, again to engage in the 
service if needed. 

I am, Sir, 

Your most ob. Servant. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, acc*t with a Detachment of Volunteer 
militia : 

1792. 
May to I William Campbell, Ensign, . - . . 

I>ec- J James Smith, Serg% 

John Morton, Corp'l, 

David Wheeler, Drummer, .... 

20 men Rank & file, 660 

Aug., 100 dol. paid, 

830 00. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, Acc't with Lieut. Mat. Willoughby of 
Washington, ordered into service Aug., 1792: 

Dolls. Cts. 
Mathew Willoughby, Lieut., 3 mos., 78 00. 

2 Sergeants, do., 42 00. 

2 Corporals, do., 36 00. 

25 Rank & file, do., 412 50. 



Dols. 


Cents. 


120 


00. 


42 


00. 


36 


00. 


36 


00. 


660 


00. 


930 


00. 


100 


00. 



568 50. 



Jos. Martin to the Governor. Novom. 8th 

Sir: 

Colo. Scott, Sheriff of Sullivan County, in the ceded Territory south Richmond 
of the River Ohio, is now with mo, who informs me that he has it in 



126 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPKBS. 



1792. onlei-H from Governor Blount to exercise his offieo oh Sheriti' as far as 
Novciii. stii Ilenderson'H line, and pay no respect to 3'our Proclamation. Wiili 
respect to the situations most eligible for establishing Garrison.s fwm 
Powells Valley to Kentuckj-, I think the Ford of the Cumberland River 
the mo.^t important; the Roa<l from the Southern to the Northern In- 
dians passing by that place, rendeiv it most dangerous. The River is 
often impassable from floods, and travellers detained in a dangei'ous and 
exposed situation. 

If a strong party (say 50) wore stationed there to pursue the j)ivdi- 
dory parties of Indians, a few men would suffice at the Laurel River, the 
Ilazle patch, and one or two other convenient places between Cumber- 
land and liock Castle; as I am told, there is now a station at that River- 
I this morning saw a petition from Kentucky praying that One hundred 
men should be stationed on the Kentucky Road, which is to be presented 
to Congress and disposed of, to-wit: 20 at Yellow creek, between Mar- 
tin's lower Station and Cumberland River; 20 at Cumberlan<l, and lla* 
residue between Cumberland & Kentucky. 

I submit whether such a disposition is best as Yellow creek is between 
Martin's lower station & Cumberland, which aix> <listant only 12 or 14 
miles, and 20 men at Cumberland are inadequate to the defence of a 
place so important and <langerous as Cumberland River is. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's Ob't ServH. 



Xoveni.^Mh J. PRESTON TO THE GOVERNOR. 

His Excellency, the Governor of Virginia, & the Hon'ble the Privy 
Council: 

Gentlemen: 

I take the liberty of addi'essing m^'self on a subject 
in which the people of the Senatorial district which I have the honor to 
represent, are highly interested in, to-wit: the subject of defencive open\- 
rations & arningements against the Indian Slnemy. When I consider 
the powers which are vested in 3*our hon'ble body, 1 rest assured the 
most ample protection will be extended to the exposed frontiers. 

Yet as many of your Hon'ble body have expressed a wish (^highly 
flattering to me indeed), that I might suggest a plan of operation, I ]»ej:j 
leave to submit the following: That the Western frontier of this State 
be divided into southern and Northern division — The fii*st lo include the 
Counties of Greenbrier, Montgomery, Wythe. Russell, & Leo; The second 
to include the counties of Kanawa, Harrison, Monongalia, Randolph, & 
Ohio. That two hundred k Eighty private men, thirty-two non-Cora- 
missionod officers, & twelve commissioned officers & twenty-two scouts 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 127 



will be necessary for the protection of the Southern division. The force 1792. 
necessary for the pi*otection of the Northern, 1 cannot pretend to ascer- Noveiii. Dth 
tain — not having a Just knowledge of that country. 

That the Senior Captain have the command of the division, unless a 
Field officer be appointed for that express purpose. 

It is persumable & I conceive the southern Indians will be the Enemy 
of the Southern division & the Northern Indians of the Northern, against 
whom a very Considerable armament has been ordered by General Gov- 
ernment. This will point out the necessity of a particular arrangement 
for the southern division, which I persume will be directed by your 
Hon'ble body. For the Southern division I bog leave to submit the fol- 
lowing arrangement: 

At the mouth of Greenbriar, an Ejisign, sergeant & sixteen privates. 

At the five mile fork of East River, a sergeant, two corporals, & six- 
teen privates. 

At Fort Lee on Bluestone, a Lieutenant, one Sergeant, One Corporal, 
& twenty-four privates. 

At Lincolnshire, on Clinch, a Captain, a sergeant, a Corporal & twenty- 
four privates. 

At Hankins, in the Baptist Valley, a sergeant and Eight privates. 

At Browns or Fugates in the Richlands, a sergeant, corporal, & twelve 
privates. 

At Wilkinson's in the New Garden, a Lieutenant, Sergeant, & sixteen 
privates. 

At the mouth of Dumps creek, an Ensign, two Corporals, & twelve 
privates. 

At Robinson's in Castlowoods, a Captain, Sergeant, corporal, & twenty- 
four privates. 

At Bhickmore's station, a Sergeant, Corporal, and twelve privates. 

At Carter's in Rye Cove, a Captain, sergeant, corpoml, & twenty-four 
privates. 

At the Turkey Cove, a Captain, Sergeant, Corporal, & twenty-four 
privates. 

At Martin's old station, an Ensign, sergeant, corporal & sixteen pri- 
vates. 

At Cox's, an Ensign, sergeant, Corporal, & sixteen j)rivates. 

At Martin's lower station (sometimes called the blockhouse), where 
Robinson lives, which is the lower Settlement in Virginia, & where the 
Kentucky road entei*8 this State, a Captain, two sergeants, two Cor[)o' 
rals, & thirty-two private. & 

At Black water branch, a place exposed to the South in Lee County, a 
Lieutenant, Sergeant, Corporal, & twelve privates. And the Scouts be 
dispersed along the frontier as shall be deemed necessary & changed 
when required. 

This arrangencient I conceive will be more convenient and safe than 
any other, not only to the commanding officer, but also on account of 



128 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



1792. the facility with which all the GarrisonB may be supplied with provisions 
Noveni. 9th by the contractor, who, with a surgeoD, will be highly necessary to 
a[ipoinl. The Garrisons in the Southern division being all adjacent to 
the frontier settlements, & I persume if any are established in the North- 
ern they will be situated on navigation, so that a chain of Garrisons 
cannot be Joined, because some of them would be so situated that they 
could not be supplied. If any further observations should be necessary 
on this subject, it will give me pleasure to make them should you request 
them of me. 

I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, with the greatest Regard, 

YV most ob't, H'ble Serv't. 



Novera. 0th I have examined the preceding plan and highly approve of it as one 
the most eligible for the frontier defence. 

A. SMYTH. 



Novem. 9th J. Preston to the Executive. 

Gentlemen : 

Permit mo to draw your attention to Mr. James Taylor, 
(Nephew to the late bravo Gen'l Campbell,) a young man who now acts 
as an Ensign in the second company of Volunteer rangers, & bears the 
rank of a Lieutenant in the Militia of Montgomery Count}'. To you I 
can with propriety recommend this Gentleman. A knowledge of him 
from his infancy, warrants mo when I say in every walk of life in which 
he has been engaged, he has acquitted himself with applause. The 
honest, candid, & Just man are touches of his private, while the qualifi- 
cations to form an officer, so rare to bo found, and possessed by him in 
an eminent degree, are traits of his public character. 

ShouM any promotion in the new aiTangements be made, I hope the 
young man will meet with proferment. 

I am, with the highest regard, Gentlemen, 

Your most ob't h'ble Serv^t. 



Novem. 0th A. Smythe to tue Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond 1" compliance with your Rxcellency's letter of the seventh, I do 

myself the honor of rocommeuding William Adams, James McGavock, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 129 



John Loflwich, & James Montgomeiy, as Geot'ii possessing the personal 1792. 
& mental abilities proper for subaltern officers. I hope they will be Novem. 9th 
approved of by the honorable Executive. 

It is with pleasure I observe that some of the officers last year 
appointed have by a diligent & faithful attention to their duties, gained 
the confidence of the frontier Inhabitants. Such of them as have done so, 
I doubt not, will be continued in those offices of which they have 
proven themselves worthy. I should have been happy to have Joined 
with my colleague in a recommendation, but find he has been hasty, & 
has also nominated (as I am informed) a Gentleman not of Wythe, (to 
which I choose to confine myself,) & whom I cannot recommend. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest respect & esteem. 

Your Excy's Humble Serv*t. 

His E'xcy H'y Lee, Esq., Gov. of Virginia. 

P. S. I am acquainted with the Gentlemen above recommended, & 
conceive they merit the character given them. 

J. PRESTON. 



J. Preston to the Governor. Novem. 9th 

Sir: 

It is with the highest satisfaction I contemplate that the officers, 
(who with myself), were honored last year with the confidence of the 
Executive, have gained the approbation of that Honorable body, & the 
applause of their countrymen. The latter do, with gratitude acknowl- 
edge, the care & vigilance which was used, the ample and compleat 
protection rendered by those Gentlemen & the Troops under their com- 
mand to the frontiers. As this protection is to be continued and en- 
larged, and the officers now in service desirous to continue therein, I 
trust they will be preferred. Experience in the business, Joined with a 
knowledge of that particular part of the country in which they will 
have to act, must give them a superiority over any other Gentlemen 
who may be appointed, or Joined with them in the additional com- 
panies. 

The charactci*s of those officer being so well known to the Executive, 
it would be assuming in me to attempt pa3'ing them any encomiums. 

I therefore flatter myself they will be continued in their present office. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest esteem. 

Your Excellency's most ob*t H'ble Serv't. 

17 



130 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



l'^92. J, Pendleton, Auditor, to the Governor. 

Novem. 9th Tho auditor rec'd the Governor's note directing him to famish an 
account of the monies advanced by this C'wealth, for the defence of the 
frontiers. An account of the advances tor that purpose has already 
been made out, and as only one pay abstract and provision return have 
been settled for, and are the only vouchers that can be offered for 
expenditures in part of those advances, and the account therefore would 
be partial, the auditor begs leave to submit it to the Honorable board, 
whether this account might not be deferred until the end of the year 
when an entire account inclusive of the whole expence of the year 1792, 
accompanied with the vouchers, (which will, no doubt, be brought in 
during tho fall,) may bo transmitted. 

Aud'r's office, Nov. 9th. 



Novem. 10th Jas. Innes, Attorney-General, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond I think it proper to acquaint you that the written and printed 

papers herewith sent and addressed to -me in my official capacity, were 
left at my office a few days since by David Meade Randolph, Esquire, 
the mai*shall of the United States for the District of Virginia. That 
Gentleman at the same time informed me that he was instructed to sub- 
mit to my notice, previously to this service, papers of a similar purport 
addressed to your Excellenc}'^. What would be the object of such an 
instruction, I cannot conjecture. However,- 1 positively refused to pay 
any attention to it. Whether this State can be involuntarily draged 
into the supreme Court of the Union as a defendant for transactions, 
even posterior to the adoption of the general Government, has been de- 
nied by some, and deemed very questionable by others, whose talents 
and patriotism had placed them deservedly high in the public e8tiraa- 
tion. But that an attempt should be made to render her amenable to 
any tribunal under heaven for acts, either legislative or Judicial, com- 
menced and completed under the former instrument of confederation, 
(which expressly guaranteed perfect and unimpaired Sovereignty as to all 
mattei*s of internal government, to all the States leagued under it,) ap- 
pears to me an unauthorized and dangerous assumption of power, which 
if established ma}' give birth to a series of pernicious and disgracei'ul 
consequences to this country — the extent and duration of which it will 
not be easy to measure or calculate. 

Being unwilling that any conduct of mine as an officer of the State 
should tend to the prostration of her independence and dignity, I most 
anxiously request that I may be directed as soon as possible in what 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEfiS. 131 



manner I ought to govern myself on an occasion so interesting and im- 1792. 
portant. Novem. 10th 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, 

Y*r most ob't serv't. 



William Morris to the Governor, with enclosures. Novem. llth 

Sir: 

If the general arrangements which I have had the honor to lay 
before your Excellency and the Hon'ble board shall be thought too ex- 
tensive to be carried into execution, permit me to suggest that in my 
humble opinion, a full company placed at the mouth of Coal River, and 
which lies twelve miles below the main settlement, on the Kanhawa, 
will most contribute to their defence; and another company disposed in 
the following manner, viz: at Point Pleasant, twelve men, twenty at Le 
Ports falls, ten at Belleville, and the rest in Montgomery County, oppo- 
site the mouth of Greenbriar River. This number, I conceive, will 
afford a tolerable protection to the Counties of Kanawha, Bath and 
Greenbriar, and will be so situated as to afford a safe and convenient 
way of supplying them with provisions. Four Scouts for the station at 
Coal River, aud two each at the others will be necessary to compleat 
this ari*angement. 

As the conduct of Captain Caperton last summer has given general 
satisfaction to the inhabitants in these parts, I presume that he will be 
thought proper to command at Coal River; and for the other company 
I conceive Mr. William Lewis, of whose capacity and integrity I enter- 
tain the highest opinion, will be the most proper person. 

I am, with respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't H'ble Servant. 



William Lewis to the Governor. Novem. 12th 

Sir: 

Having this day received your Excellency's Letter informing me Richmond 
of the trust reposed by the honorable Executive, I do myself the honor 
of acquainting your Excellency that I accept of the appointment. 

I shall strictly attend to the injunctions of the hon'bl Executive in 
enlisting no married men in the counties mentioned, in refraining from 
Traffic with the soldiers, (which no man can more despise than I do) & 
in continuing during the term of service with the Troops, without 
which resolution, I think 1 should be blamable to undertake the ser- 
vice. 

I have the honor to be 

Y'r Bxc'y's ob't Serv't. 



132 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Novein. 12th Why I have wished Col. Charles Cocke to be appointed commissary, 

will appear by the iucloscd extract of a letter received before I set out. 
It is of consideration to the public that he receive the appointment, be- 
cause Beef elsewhere is generally bought up and drove to the north- 
ward. 

The commissary that may have to furnish aU pork for the rations, 
will no doubt ask more than eight cents. I mean only that he commis- 
sary to the Troops in Powell's Valley. 

1 have now reason to beleivc that Colo. W. Tate will accept of the 
appointment of pay-master if offered to him ; he may have a preferrence, 
both on account of his literary qualifications and his knowledge of mili- 
tary matters, that he may without any additional expence do the duty 
of Inspector of the Corps and Adjutant, if assembled together — he 
having served in the latter oflBce to a Regiment of Pennsylvania militia 
the Winter campaign of 1776, 1777, and since in Virginia in a three 
month's service near Norfolk. 

It may be a salutary regulation to appoint a Commissary to each 
Company, as it will add the credit of several men of property to aid the 
public fund — it will tend to encourage emulation in doing their duty 
well. 

If the Corps should he called on to act offensively, it will be desirable 
that at least one Company be armed with Rifles of the new construc- 
tion — that is, having ba^'onets, or that one Company be called Grena- 
diers and armed with light, neat muskets & Bayonetts. Good Rifle-Pow- 
der & flints ought to be furnished ; one or two good Forts ought to be 
erected on the frontier nearest the Southern Indians. Tents & Kettles 
will be necessary if embodied for offensive operations — the latter article 
whether or not. Cannot the Pay-master also do the duty of Quarter- 
master, at least in providing absolute necessaries? 

I am, sir, 

Y'r most Obedient Servant. 



Novem. 12th Sam. A. Otis to the Governor. 

OflBce of the Secretary of the Senate of the United States, 

Nov. 12th, 1792. 

Sir: 

The Senate having directed me to procure the laws of the respective 
States, I know of no one to whom I may more properly apply than to 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 133 



yourself for a complete edition of those of Virginia; which, if you will 1792. 
procure and send me, I will pay the Express to your order with thanks. Novem. 12th 

I am, sir, 

Your most Humble Servant. 

I understand a new Edition of your Laws is preparing, which when 
ready I should prefer. 



John Pride chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, John C. Townes, Dep'ty Sheriff of Edmond Booker, Sheriff of 
Amelia, Rawley Carter, Sheriff of Nottoway County, George Woodson, 
sheriff of Chesterfield, and William Mosely, sheriff of Powhatan, com- 
posing one entire District, entitled by law to appoint an Elector to vote 
for a President and Vice President of the United Slates, do hereby cer- 
tify and make known that at an Election held on the first Monday in 
November, at the Courthouses of our respective counties pursuant to 
law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a President and 
Vice President of the United States, caused to be chosen one person, 
to-wit: 

John Pride to Represent the said District as an Elector to vote for a 
President and vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands and Seals, this 12th day of November, 1792. 

JOHN TOWNES. [Seal.] 

RAWLEIGH CARTER. [Seal.] 

GEORGE WOODSON, 

Sh'ff of Chesterfield. [Seal.] 

WILLIAM MOSELY, 

Sh'ff of Powhatan. [Seal.] 



John Early chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, John Hopkins Otey, Deputy for Henry Buford, sheriff of Bed- 
ford County, James Clark, Dep. for Adam Clements, sh'ff of Campbell 
Johnatban Richardson, sh'ff of Franklin, William King, Dep. for George 
Waller, sh'ff of Henry, & William Mitchell, sh'ff of Patrick, do hereby 
certify and make known that at an election held on the first Monday in 
November, at the Courthouse of our Respective Counties pursuant to a 
law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to chuse a President & 
Vice President of the United States, Caused to be chosen One Person, 



134 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. to- wit: John Earij, to Represent the said District as an Elector to vote 
Norem. 12th for a Prenident k Vice President of the United Sutes. 

Given under our hands k seals, the Twelfth daj of November, 1792. 

JOHN IL OTEY, [D. Shflf.] 

JAMES CLARK, [D. S] 

JOH NATHAN RICHISOX, [Sh'ff] 

WILLIAM KING, [D. S] 
WM. MITCHELL. 



Novem. 12th Moses Hunter chosen Elector. 

We, Thomas Throckmorton, Sheriff of Frederick County, and Abra- 
ham Davenport, Deputy Sheriff of Berkeley County, Composing one 
entire District, entitled by Law to appoint an Elector to vote for a 
President and Vice President of the United States, do hereby certify 
and make known that at an Election held on tbe first Monday in Novem- 
ber, at the Courthouses of our Respective Counties pursuant to Law, the 
voters qualified to vote for an Elector to chuso a President and Vice 
President of the United States, caused to be chosen one person, to-wit: 
Moses Hunter, to represent the said District as an Elector, to vote for a 
President and Vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this twelfth day of November, one 
thousand seven hundred and Ninety-two. 

THOS. THROCKMOKTON, [Seal.] 

ABEAM DAVENPORT, [Seal] 

For GEORGE CUNNINGHAM, S. B. C. 



Novem. 12th Thomas Claiborne chosen Elector. 

We, Theophilus Harrison, Dep. Sheriff of Brunswick County, Edward 
Pegram, Junior, Sheriff of Dinwiddle County, and Bressie Lewis, Dep. 
sh'ff of Mecklenburg, Composing one entire District, entiiled by Law 
to appoint an Elector to vote for a President and Vice President of the 
United States, do hereby certify and make known that at an Election 
held on the first Monday in November, at the Court Houses of our 
respective counties, pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an 
Elector to choose a President and Vice President of the United States, 
caused to be chosen one person, to-wit : Thomas Claiborne, Esq., to rep- 
resent the said District as an Elector, to vote for President and Vice 
President of the United States. 



CALENDAR OF STATB PAPEKS. 135 



Given under our hands & seals, this twelfth day of November, one 1792. 
thousand seven hundred and ninetj two. Novem. 12th 

THEO. HARRISON, Dep. S. [Seal.] 
C. HASKINS, Sheriff. 
EDW. PEGRAM, Jr., Sh»ff. 
BRESSIE LEWIS, Deputy of 
WILLIAM STARLING, Sh'ff. 



Stephen Thomson Mason, chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, Thomas Keith, Sheriff of Fauquire County, and James L. Trip- 
lett, D. Sheriff of Loudoun County, composing one entire District, enti- 
tled by law to appoint an Elector to vote for a President and Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States, do hereby certify and make known that at an 
Election held on the first Monday in November, at the Couilhouses of 
our respective Counties pursuant to law, The voters qualified to vote for 
an Elector to choose a president and vice President of the United States, 
caused to be chosen one person, to-wit: 

Stephen Thompson Mason to represent the said District as an Elector 
to vote for a president and vice president of the United States. 

Given under our hands and seals, this 12th Day of November, One 
thousand Seven hundred & ninety-two. 

THOS. KEITH, Sheriff. [Seal] 
JAS. L. TRIPLETT, D. S. [Seal.] 



Elias Lanqham chosen ExiEOTOR. Novem. 12th 

We, Samuel Richardson, Sheriff of Fluvanna County, Robert Hollo- 
way, D. Sh*ff of Amherst County, and Geo. Holman, D. Sheriff of Gooch- 
land County, Composing one entire District, (except Albemarle, who 
hath failed to make return thereof,) entitled by law to appoint an Elec- 
tor to vote for a president and vice President of the United States, do 
hereby certify and make known that at an Election hold on the first 
monday in November, at the Courthouses of our respective Counties 
pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a 
President and vice President of the United States, caused to bo chosen 
one person, to-wit: 

Elias Laugham to represent the Said district as an Elector to vote for 
a President and Vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this 12th day of November, 1792. 

SAMX RICHARDSON, Sh'f. [Seal.] 
ROB'T HOLLOWAY, D. S., 
G. W. HOLMAN, D. S, 



136 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. I, Tareon Woodson, Sub. Sh'ff of Albemarle, do certify that I was nn- 

Novem. 12th avoidable purvented from attending to compare the District Polls at 

Fluvanna courthouse on Monday last for an Elector, but that the poll 

for my county of Albemarle, Stands for Wm. Cabell, Jun*r, Esquire, five. 

for Elias Langham, Seven. 

TAREON WOODSON, D. S. [Seal.] 
Nov. 14th, 1092. 



Novem. 12th George Carrinqton chosen Elector. 

We, William Terry, shenff of the County of Halifax, Samuel White, 
Sheriff of the County of Charlotte, and Daniel Tompkins, Deputy Sher- 
iff of the County of Pitts^-lvania, composing one entire District, entitled 
by law to appoint an Elector to vote for a President & Vice President of 
the United States, do h^*eby ceilifie and make known that at an Elec- 
tion held on the first Monday' in November, at the Courthouses of our 
respective counties pursuant to law, the votei*s qualified to vote for an 
Elector to choose a President & vice President of the United States, 
caused to be chosen one person, to- wit: 

George Carrington to represent the said District as an Elector to vote 
for a President & vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands and seals, at Halifax Courthouse this 12th day 
of November, one Thousand Seven hundred and Ninety-two. 

WM. TERRY. [Seal.] 

SAMUEL WHITE. [Seal.] 
DAN'L TOMPKINS. [Seal.] 



Novem. 12th William Overton Callis chosen Elector. 

We, Thomas Starke, D. sh'ff of Hanover County, James Coleman, D. 
sh'ff of Caroline County, and Thomas Merriwether, I), sh'ff of Louisa 
County, Composing One entire district, entitled by law to appoint an 
Elector to vote for a President and vice President of the United States, 
do hereby certify and make known that at an Election held on the first 
Monday in November, at the Courthouses of our respective counties 
pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a 
President and vice President of the United States, caused to be chosen 
one person, to- wit: 

William Overton Callis to represent the said district as an Elector to 
vote tor a President and vice President. of the United States. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 137 

Given under our hands & seals, this 12th Day of November, One thou- 1792. 
sand Seven hundred and ninety-two. Novem. 12th 

THOMAS STARKE, 
JAMES COLMAN, 
THOMAS MERRIWETHER. 



Maxwell Armstrong chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, Vincent Williams Sheriff of Hardy, & Daniel Collins, D. S. of Hamp- 
shire, and Isaac Hinkle, sh'ff of Pendleton, and John McCauley Sh'ff of 
Harrison. Thomas Laidley, of Monongohatieugh, Willia n Gibson, Sh'ff 
of Randolph, Andrew Archibald, D. S. of Ohio, composing one Intire 
District, Intitled by law to appoint an Elector to vote for a president & 
Vice President ot the United States, do hereby certify and make known 
that at an Election held on the first Monday in November, at the Court 
houses of our respective counties, pursuant to law. The voters qualified 
to vote for an Elector to chouce a president & vice president of the 
United States, cause to be chosen one person, to- wit: Maxwell Arm- 
strong, to represent said Destrict as an Elector, to vote for a President 
and Vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands and seals, this twelfth day of November, 1792. 

VINCENT WILLIAMS, [Seal.] 

DANIEL COLLINS, [Seal.] 

ISAAC HENKLE, [Seal.] 

JNO. McCALL, [Seal.] 

THOMAS LAIDLY, [Seal.] 

WM. GIBSON, [Seal.] 

ANDREW ARCHIBALD, [Seal.] 



John Roane, Jr., chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We. Philip Taliaferro, sherif!' of King & Queen County, James John- 
sun, Dep'ty Sheriff of Kin^ William County, James Jones, Sheriff of 
Essex County, William Segar, Deputy Sherifl* of Middlesex County, Jas- 
per Hughes, Deputy sheriff of Gloster County, & John Humphries, 
Dep'ty Sheriff* of Mathews County, Composing one entire district, enti- 
tled by law 10 appoint an Elector to vote for a President and Vice Presi- 
«lent of the United Stales, do hereby certify and make known that at 
an Election held on the fii'st Monday in November, at the Courthouses 
of our respective counties pursuant to law, the voters qualitled to vote 
for an Elector to choose a President and vice President of the United 
SlAtes, caused to be chosen one person, to- wit : 

18 



138 CALEXDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. John Roane, Jun>. to repreifent the&aid Dlstncl as an Elector to vote 

KovcDj. 12th for a Pre«iclent A vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands k ideals, this 12th dav of November. One thou- 
sand seven hundred & ninety-two. 

PHIL. TALIAFERRO. [Seal.] 

JAMES JOHNSON, D. S. [Seal.] 

JAMES JONES, S. E. [Seal.] 

W. SEGAR, Dyty. [Seal.] 

JASPER HUGHES. [Seal] 

JOHN HUMPHRIES. tSeal.] 



Novem. 12th James Mubdaugh chosen Elector. 

Wo, Jno. Brannon. Dcp'ty Sheriff of Norfolk County, Joseph Walker, 
Deputy Sheriff of Nansemond County, Andrew Woodley, Deputy Sher- 
iff of Isle of Wight County, & Jno. Calvert, Sergeant of Norfolk Bor- 
ough, composing one entire District, entitled by law to appoint an 
Elector to vote for a President & vice President of the United States, do 
hereby certify & raake known that at an Election opened on the first 
Monday in November, at the Courthouses of our respective Counties & 
Borough pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to 
chuse a President & vice President of the United States, caused to be 
chosen One person, to-wit: 

James Murdaugb, Esq., of the County of Nansemond, to represent the 
said District as an Elector to vote for a President & vice President of 
the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this 12th day of November, 1792. 

JOHN BRANNON, D. S. [Seal.] 

JOSEPH WALKER. [Seal.] 

ANDREW WOODY. [Seal.] 

JNO. CALVERT, Serg't N. B. [Seal.] 



Novem. 12th Nathaniel Wilkinson chosen Elector. 

We, Joseph Foster, Sheriff of Now Kent, Joseph Shepperd, deputy 
Sheriff for Daniel Hylton, of Henrico, William Christian, sheriff oi' 
Charles City, John Walker, Sheriff of James City, & Philip Moody, 
deputy Sheriff for William Goosley, of York, and the said Philip iMoody, 
Sergeant of the city of Williamsburg — (the sheriffs of Wai'wiek^ Eliza- 
beth City failing to appearj — Composing one entire district, entitled by 
law to appoint an Elector to vote for a President & vice President of the 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 139 



United States, do hereby certify and make known that at an Election 1792, 
hold on the first Monday in November at the Courthouse of our Respect- Noveni. li*th 
ive counties & city, pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an 
P^leetor to choose a President & vice President of the United States, 
caused to be chosen one person, to- wit: 

Nathanit-I Wilkinson, of Henrico county, to represent the said Dis- 
trict as an Elector to vote for a President & vice President of the Uni- 
ted States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this 12th day of November, 1792. 

J AS. FOSTER. [Seal.] 

JAS. SUEPPERD. [Seal.] 

WM. CHRISTIAN. [Seal.] 

JOHN WALKER. [Seal.] 

PHIL. MOODY, D. S. [Seal.] 

PHIL. MOODY, Serg't. [Seal.] 



John Wise chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, John Custis, sheriff of Accomack county, and William Satchell, 
Jun'r, Duputy Sheriff of Northampton County, (which said counties of 
Accomack and Northampton, together with the county of Princess 
Anne, the sheriff whereof was not present or attending at the day of 
the signature hereof pursuant to law) composing one entire District, 
entitled by law to vote for a President and Vice President of the United 
States, do hereby certify and make known, that at an Election held on 
the fi i-st Monday in November, at the court houses of our respective 
counties pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to 
choose a President and Vice President of the United States, caused to 
ho chosen one pei*son, to.wit: John Wise, to represent the said District 
as an Elector to vote for a President and Vice President of the United 
States. 

Given under our hands and seals this twelvth day of November, one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-two. 

JOHN CUSTIS, Seal. 

WILL. SATCHELL, Jun'r, Seal. 

These are to certify that at an Election held for an Elector in the 
County of Princess Anne, on the first Monday in November, 1792, the 
Poll stood thus: For John Wise, 51 votes; for Anthony Walko, 16 votes, 
and for Thomas Lawson, 78 votes, and that upon comparing this Poll 
with those of Accomack & Noilhampton, the said John Wise appears to 
be duly Elected. 

DENNIS DAWLBY, Sheriff. 



140 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Tarkton Woodson chosen Elector. 

Novem. 12th We, Jacob Woodson, Sheriff of Prince Edward County. William Per- 
kins, Sheriff of Buckingham County, Willis Wilson, Deputy Sheriff ol 
Richard Allen, Sheriff of Cumberlan<l County, and John Street, Deputy 
sheriff of Ste. Edwards Brodnax, sheriff of Lunenburg Counlj'. Com- 
posing one entire District, entitled by law to ap|x>int an Elector to vole 
for a President and Vice President of the United State^^, do hereby cer- 
tify and make known that at an Election held on the tii-st Monday in 
November, at the (Courthouses of our i*espective counties pursuant to 
law, the voters Qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a President and 
vice President of the United States, Caused to be chosen one person, to-wit : 
Tareton Woodson, Esquire, to represent the said District as an Elector 
to vote for a President & vice President of I he United States. 

Given under our hand^ & seals, this Twelvth Day of November, One 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-two. 

JACOB WOODSON, Sh'ft\ [Seal.] 
WM. PERKINS, Sh'ft*. [Seal.] 

WILLLS WILSON, 
Dep. for Richard Allen, Sh'ff of Cumb'd. 

J. STREET, 

D. S. of Ste. Edw'd Brodnax. 



Novem. 12th Claiborne Watkins chosen Elector. 

We, Jehu Stephens, sheriff of Wythe County, David Craig, Deputy 
sheriff of Washington County, Andrew McHcnry, Deputj- sheriff of 
Montgomery County, jy^d Anzer Price, deputy sheriff* of Russell County, 
Composing one entire District, entitled by law to appoint an Elector to 
vote for a President and vice President of the United States, do hereby 
certify and make known that at an Election held on the first Monday in 
November, at the Courthouses of our respective counties pursuant to 
law, tbe voters qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a president and 
vice President of the United States, Caused to be chosen one person, to-wit : 

Claiborne Watkins to represent the said district as an Elector to vote 
for a president and vice pi-esidont of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this Twelvth day of November, one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-two. 

JEHU STEPHENS. [Seal.] 

D. CRAIG. [Seal.] 

A. McHENRY. [Seal.] 

ANZER PRICE. [Seal.] 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 141 



Daniel C. Brbbtt chosen Elector. 1792. 

We, Chandler Peyton, Deputy Sheriff of Prince William County, Novem. 12tli 
William Phillips, sheriff of Slafoni Count}', &. Joseph Thomas. Deputy 
sheriff of FaiHax County, Com|>o8ing one entire district, entitleii by 
la*v to appoint an Elector to vote lor a president and vice pi*esident of 
the Uniied States, do herebv certifv and make known that at an Elec- 
tion held on the first liondav in November, at the Courthouses of our 
respective counties pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an 
Elector to chuse a President & Vice President of the United States, 
caused to be chosen one person, to-wit : 

Daniel C. Brent to represent the said district as an Elector to vote for 
a President & Vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this 12th Day of Nov., 1792. 

CHANDLER PEYTON. [Seal.] 
WM. PHILLIPS. [Seal.] 

J. THOMAS. [Seal.] 



Archibald Stewart chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, Andrew Shankliu, sheriff of Rockingham County, Joseph Bell, 
sheriff' of Augusta County, and Jacob Stiogel, deputy sheriff of Shanan- 
doah County, composing one entire district, entitled by Law to appoint 
an Elector to vote for a President and vice President of the United 
States, doe hereby Certifv and make known that at an Election held on 
the fii-st Monday in November, at the Courthouses of our respective 
counties, Cities, and Boroughs, pursuant to law, the voters qualified to 
vote for an Elector to choose a President and Vice President of the Uni- 
ted States, caused to be chosen One pci'son, to-wit: 

Archibald Stewart to represent the said district as an Elector to vote 
for a President and Vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this twelvth day of November, 1792. 

AND. SHANKLIN, 
JOSEPH BELL, 
JACOB STIEGEL, 
Deputy Sheriff for Evan Jones. 



Michael Bailet chosen Elector. Novem. 12th 

We, Green Hill, sheriff of Sussex county, Joseph Port, deputy sheriff 
of Southampton County, William Salter, deputy Sheriff of Surry County, 



142 CALENDAE OP STATE PAPEfiS. 



1792. Jacob Call, deputy Sheriff of Prince George County, Jordan Richardson, 
Novem. 12th sheriff of Greensville County, Composing one entire District, entitled by 
law to appoint an Elector to vote lor a president and vice President of 
the United States, do hereby certify and make known that at an Elec- 
tion held on the first Monday in November at the Courthouses of our 
respective counties, pursuant to law. the votei*8 qualified to vote for an 
Elector to choose a President and Vice President of the United States? 
caused to be chosen one person, to- wit: 

Michael Bailey to represent the said District as an Elector to vote for 
a President and vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this twclvth day of November, one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-two. 

GREEN HILL. [Seal.] 

JOSEPH FORT. [Seal.] 

WIL. SALTER. [Seal.] 

JACOB CALL. [Seal.] 

JORDIN RICHARDSON. [Seal] 



Novem. 12th Catesby Jones chosen Elector. 

We, Richard Beaie, sheriff of Richmond County, William Claughton, 
Deputy Sheriff of Northumberland County, Henry C. Lawson, Deputy 
sheriff of Lancaster County, Lee Pitman, deputy sheriff of Westmore- 
land County, and Younger Johnson, Deputy Sheriff of King George 
County, Composing one entire district, entitled by law to appoint an 
Elector to vote for a president and vice president of the United States, 
do hereby certify and make known that at an Election held on the first 
Monday in November, at the Courthouses of our respective counties, 
pursuant to law, the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a 
president and vice president of the United States, caused to be chosen 
one person, to-wit: 

Catesby Jones, Esq'r, to represent the said district as an Elector to 
vote for a president and vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals, this 12th day of November, one thou- 
sand Seven hundred and ninety-two. 

RICHARD BBALE. [Seal.] 

WILLIAM CLAUGHTON. [Seal.] 

HENRY C. LAWSON. [Seal.] 

LEE PITMAN. [Seal.] 

Y. JOHNSON. [Seal.] 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 143 



B. PilRSONS RECOMMENDED TO FILL CaPT. McMaCHAN'S OfFICE. 1792. 

Sir: 

As the acceptance of a Commission in the Federal Array by Captain Novem. 13th 
William McMaehan, will, we suppose, render another appointment by Richmond 
the Executive necessary to supply his place, we therefore take the lib- 
erty of recommending to your Honorable Boani, Mr. Baldwin Parsons, 
of Ohio, a person whose abilities and integrity to discharge the duties 
of said office may be relied on ; and should the Executive think proper 
to confer that office upon him, we can venture to say that his conduct 
will Justify such an appointment. 

We have the honor to be, with due respect, 

Your Ob't Servants, 

ELIAS POSTON, 
GEORGE STUMP, 
JOHNATHAN PARSONS, 
ISAAC PARSONS. 



William Morris's Bond. Novem. 13ih 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William Morris, of Kana- 
wha, John Oliver, of Bath, and William Cavendish, of Greenbriar, all of 
the Commonwealth of Virginia, are held and firmly bound to Henry 
Lee, Esq., Governor of the State of Virginia, and his successors, in the 
Just and full sum of two thousand pounds, to be paid to the said Gov- 
ernor or his successors; to which payment well and truly to bo made, 
we bind ourselves Jointly and severally our Joint and several heirs, ox- 
ecutoi"S or administrators firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals 
and dated this thirteenth day of November, One thousand seven hun- 
dred and ninety-two. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the said 
William Morris hath this day covenanted and agreed with the Governor 
of Virginia that he, the said William Morris, will regularly furnish the 
two companies of volunteer militia under the command of Captains 
Caperton and William Lewis, now raising for the defence of the counties 
of Greenbriar and Kanawha of this State, with rations from the first 
day of December next until they shall be regularly discharged — the 
ration to consist of one lb. of beef or three quarter lbs. of pork, one lb. 
of bread, fiour, or one and a quarter pounds of Indian meal, half a gill 
of rum, bi-andy or whiskey, and one quart of salt for every hundred 
i-ations; the Said William Morris to receive from the public Ti-easury 
the sum of Eight cents for each ration furnished. Now if the Said 



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WiM4Aii Hdmmv^ to rer Gf^rnucoB. 



Wt^lUi wiM< ^fttUlM'J^ I n/kfiowMjre the c-are of GoTemmeni for 
//^/^ |/r«^jt^'rvMO'/fr I fiiiittl Im';^ li.'Civi^ U» remark that those per><ons em- 
(/l//y*.'/J JM ih*: ft^frvM'it, life too oileu #le|»rive<J of the rewards due for iheso 
mii'^\r.t:n l/> Mm^ \ir*iMiiii fiioili' of making the officers the |)a\'-masters ol 
llM.'ir <:ofM|iHMii(»r i< would l»«Mj'dioii»* to enumerate the many wajf^ the 
noldM^r in |M:|'rMillttd lodiDiii|mte thtil money whieh he earns at the risqre 
of hin llh) hidorii il lofiMtn in hin handr*. In order to eleviate this evil, 
|MiriMM IMO lo HHggiml thai I humhly conceive if a pay-maBter were ap- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 146 

pointed to pay into the men individually their pa}-, it would tend much 1792. 
to remedy this abuse. Novom. 15th 

In conversation with Col. Taite, who is appointed pay-master of the 
Troops in the southwestern department, he observed how vastly incon- 
venient it would be to him to attend to the affairs of these two com- 
panies stationed in Kanawha County, and requested I would speak to 
your Excellency on that subject, if a pay-master was appointed for those 
companies, he may discharge that duty as well to those now in service 
as to those hereafter to be employed. 

The favour with which my information on what I thought would be 
necessary for our protection emboldens me to offer these remarks, and 
to which I have no other inducement than a desire to promote the ad- 
vantage and satisfaction of those brave men employed in the service. 

I am, sir. 

Your Excellency's mo. Ob't, H'ble Servant. 



A. Lewis to the Governor. Novem. 15th 

Sir: 

li in the power of the Executive to do anything for the future pro- Russell 
tection of this County, I feel satisfied that your Excellency knowing in Courthouse 
some measure the situation, will lend any aid and assistance in your power 
to the relief of so important a Frontier. Am sensible if the unfriendly 
disposition of the southern Indians continues, & no future protection is 
to be hoped for, that this county will break up; & if it is deemed neces- 
sary, I should continue your commands. I shall always be disposed to 
obey. Should this be your will, my subalterns would also wish to be 
continued. Let what application may be made for Mr. Kent's place, by 
any person — hope they will be laid aside, as ho has by no means had it 
in his power this season, from the scarcity of provision, to make any- 
thing, & now when there may be a prospect, that another should step in 
when no complaint has been made even by one soldier, I think would be 
mjurious not to give it to him; & whatever security may be required, 
I'll engage he can & will give. 

1 am. 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv't. 



Archibald Wood's Bond. Novem. 15th 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Archibald Woods & John 

Pa vis, of Monongalia District, are held and firmly bound to Henry Lee, 

19 



\ 



146 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. Enquire, Governor of the state of Virginia, and his successors, in the 
Novein. 15th Just and full sura of two thousand pounds, to be paid to the Said Gov- 
ernor or his successors; to which payment well and truly to be made, 
we bind ourselves Jointly and severally our Joint and several heirs, Ex- 
ecutors or administrators firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals, 
and dated this 15th day of November, One thousand Seven hundred and 
ninety-two. 

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the said 
Archibald Woods hath this day covenanted and agreed with the Gov- 
ernor of Virginia that he, the said Archibald , will regularly fur- 
nish the two companies of volunteer militia under the Command of Cap- 
tains Lowther and McCulloch, now raising for the defence of the Monon- 
galia District of this State, with rations from the fivst day of December 
next, until they shall be regularly discharged — the ration to consist of 
one lb. of Beef or three quarters of a lb. of pork, one lb. of bread, flour, 
or one and a quarter pounds of sifted indian meal, half a gill of rum, 
brandy, or whiskey, and one quart of salt for every hundred rations; 
the said Archibald Woods to receive from the public Treasury the sum 
of Eight cents for each ration furnished. Now if the said Archibald 
Woods shall regularly supply the said troops with rations as above stipu- 
lated, and for the term aforesaid, then the above obligation to be void — 
else to remain in full force and virtue. 

ARCH'D WOODS. [Seal.] 
JOHN DAVIS. [Seal] 

Sealed and delivered in presence of — 

A. BLAIR. 



I 



Novem. 15th Letter from the Ohio Delegates respecting the Defence of the 

Frontier. 

Sir: 

The incursions of the savages has of late become so frequent in the 
County of Ohio, and the murders so alarming as to prevent the Inhabi- 
tants thereof from pursuing their necessary occupations, notwithstanding 
a Company of Rangers was stationed on the frontiers of the said county, 
yet a number of innocent people, including women and children, have 
this season experienced the dreadl'ul effects of the Tomahawk and scalp- 
ing knife. 

We as Representatives of said County, beg leave to suggest to your 
Excellency that in our opinion no less than one hundred and forty men 
would be sufficient to guard a frontier so extensive as that of Ohio 
County, a frontier of not less than 120 miles in length, (and the Inhabi- 
tants dispersed up and down the Ohio River,) as will appear by applying 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 147 



to the draught or map of 8aid county, drawn by actual survey. We also 1792. 
lake the liberty to recommend to your Excellency, John McCulloch as Novem. 15th 
a proper person for Captain to command a Company of Rammers, & Wil- 
liam Wells, Lieutenant, & William McCailloch, Jun*r. Ensign; our knowl- 
edge of the activity and good Conduct of these por}?ons, induce us to 
thus recommend these persons. 

With respect t^) the manner of furnishing such Companies as may 
appear necessary to be called into service on this occasion with Rations, 
we beg leave to observe that another mode than that now followed in 
our opinion will be necessary; at present the contractor is obliged to 
turnish Rations at every station at the usual time of drawing, which is 
ever}* three days — the stations so far asunder that it is absolutely impos- 
sible to deliver the provisions in time, and where there is no more than 
four, five or eight men stationed at a place, a beef cannot be killed at 
each place, or the greatest part of it must inevitably be lost, which has 
actually been the case sundry times this summer. In order to obviate 
this inconvenience, we would observe that if the Rations were furnished 
at the usual time of drawing at two of the largest and most central sta- 
tions as may be convenient, in good order, and the officers obliged to 
receive them, it would answer every purpose — it being the case during 
this Summer that a Guard must be hired by the Contractor to go with 
the provisions to each station, up and down the River. 

To Give an effectual defence, it will take the following armaments, 
viz: 

At Grave Creek .-.-.. 20 Men. 

At the mouth of McMahan creek, - - - - 20 

At Martin's Station, ...... 20 

At Sherman's, ------- 20 

At the mouth of Buffalo creek, - - - - 20 

At the upper End of Mingo Bottom, - - - 20 

At the upper End of Walden's cave, - - - 20 

All which Stations are on the Ohio River. 

We have the Honor to be with respect, sir. 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't, H*ble Serv'ts, 

ARCH'D WOODS, 
CHAS. WELLS, 
THOS. WILSON, L'ts. 



John Dent to the Governor. Novem. 15th 

Sir: 

As I have the honour to represent Monongalia County, beg leave Richmond 
to represent to your Excellency in some measure the situation of that 



148 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. county respecting the savage Enemy. Some days past I saw on your 
Novem. 15th table a draft of the western frontiers, stating the convenient places to 
station men for our defence, finding in that statement only two stations 
that will in any measure Cover us, that is at Fish and Fishing Creek, 
which is between 60 and 70 miles from our inhabitants, and the grater 
part of Brushe Bridge, so that the Indians can slip in between these 
stations and conceal themselves until an opertunity of making a stroake, 
and return undiscovered by them stationers, except your Honours 
Cou*d see it Just to indulge us with some men on the frontiers of our 

, County. I much approve of the plan of stationing a part of the men 

on the Ohio River, which is the only place to guard those countyes that 
boinds on that water, but as Monongalia is a distant county, and fre- 
quently a frontier if no other defence is provided for it than them sta- 
tions, we shall be left in a deplorable situation; indeed, I fear to our 
Distruction and total Ruin. I do not know that any county on the 
frontier has sustained so much damage by the savage the present sea- 
son as ours. There has been 12 killed and taken and two wounded, the 
furthest from my house not over 12 miles, and the nearest within three, 
and upwards of a hundred family s evacuated there farms on that 
account, which sustained grate loss. The same had moved back before 
I lefl home, in order to take one trial more. Cou'd your Excellency see 
it Right to indulge us with 70 men for the Defence of our county, 
which is as few as I in Justis can ask for our safety, and six spies, we 
wou'd be willing to fill them stations at Fish and Fishing creeks, keep 
the residue on our frontiers, keep up a correspondence between them on 
the frontiers near our settlement, and them 2 stations on the Ohio river. 
I shou'd then be in hopes we could stand our ground, and have a chance 
to ketch the enemy if they come in, tho' being well assured that you 
will do every thing for the wellfare of the State to Guard & Protect 
every part of it where ever they stand in need of these reasons. I con- 
tent myself and beg leave to subscribe myselfe with Estcem'd Respects. 

Your mo. obed. Ilum. Serv*t. 



Novem. 15th Kanawha Delegates on the subject of Protection of the Fron- 
tiers. 

The following is submitted as the most eflf'ectual mode of defending 
the frontiers from Indian Hostility. 

The spies to range from post to post, going one day — returning 
the next. 

20 Men at the Forks of sandy, 2 spies 

30 at the the mouth of do., 2 " 

20 at Guiandot, 2 " 



-" 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 149 

20 at 16 mile creek, 2 spies. 1792. 

10 at the mouth of Kaiihuwu, 2 " Novern. 15th 

25 at Lehart's Falls, 
25 at Mill Creek, 
10 at Belleville. 

25 at the mouth of Little Sandy, 
25 at the end of the road from Harrison, 
Or at the mouth ot the little Kanhawa, 

210 Effective soldiei-s, 

10 Lieutenants, 

20 spies. 



2 




*> 

*tf 




2 




2 




2 





240 



1 suppose 3 or 4 Posts up to the Ohio would answer. 

Col. Thomas Lewis, who lives centrally to these Posts, is proper for 
the appointment of com'd, both as to the general satisfaction, and his 
zeal and aetivit}'. 

The within arrangement will effectually protect the frontier from 
Pennsj^lvania to Kentucky district; if the principle of Garrisons on the 
Ohio should be extended, then the Post at the Forks of Sandy will be 
unneee.<^8ar3' and all Virg*a would be saved from the No. Indians; if not, 
the plan will protect Ohio, Monongalia, Harrison, Randolph, Kanawha, 
Greenbriar, Bath, Wythe, Montgomery, except from the So. Indians who 
seldom penetrate further than Powell's Valley. 



Western Senators' and Delegates' Letter respecting Defence of Novem. 15th 

THE Frontiers. 

30th October. 1792. 
Sir: 

The incursions of the Savages of late on the frontiers of this Stale 
has become so frequent and their murders so alarming, as to oblidge 
man}- of the citizens thereof to abandon their respective places of abode, 
and fill the county with Blood and Desolation. 

We as Representatives of the Counties of Ohio, Monongalia, Harrison, 
Randolph, Greenbriar, and Kcnhawa, bog leave to suggest to your Ex- 
cellency that unless speedy and effectual measures are adopted for our 
Defence, a great part ot our Community will experience the Dredfull 
stroke of a Savage foe. And to our mortification. By a letter laid before 
the Legislature of this State now setting, from the Secretary at War, 
We fear the General Government will not give us that permanent pro- 
tection which our necessitous situation requires; and by former Expe- 
rience we have good reasons to doubt their protection will prove Intirely 
inadequate to the safe protection of our frontiers. 



160 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. We therefore hope your Excellency will take our peculiar situation 

Novem. IStli into consideration, and Confer personall}' or appoint such of 3'our Hon- 
orable Body to confer with the President of the United Stales, as 3'ou 
may think proper on the subject of our protection, so as to aford us that 
Defence the nature of our situations require. 

We have the Honour to be, 

Your Excellency's Obedient & Humble Servants, 

ARCH'D WOODS, 
CHAS. WELLS, 

Ohio. 

JOHN DENT, 
JOHN DAVLS, 

Monroe. 

THUS. DAVLSON. 
.JOHN HAYMOND. 
CORNS. BOGARD, 
JOHN HADDON, 
WM. MORRISS, 
W. H. CAVENDLSH. 
H. CAPERTON, 
THOS. WILSON. 



Novem. 15th Cornelious Booard and John Haddon to His Excellency Henry 

Lee. 

Sir: 

We seem somewhat alarmed at a charge which seems to be lurking 
about by our Western Bretheren, that what we set fourth, which we 
had the honour to communicate to your Excellency by letter of yester- 
day's date, touching the Interest of the Northern District. We have 
and do conceive ourselves fully in our Duty as Instructed by our Con- 
stituents, as well as governed bj* our Dispositions, full}' Justified, and as 
the Letter touched no part of the District but the county which we 
have the Honour to represent, to clear oureelvea of any ungenerous or 
unjust charge, we beg leave to intrude upon your Friendly Disposition 
80 far as to send us certified coppy of the Letter which we intend lo 
make use of as a Weapon of Defence against such charge. 



Yours to command at will 



CORNELIUS BOGARD, & 
JOHN HADDON. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 151 



Ohio and Monongalia Representatives to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

Fully impressed with a senee that the protection of our frontiers Novem. 15th 
has always been an object of your Excellency's most ardent wishes, we Richmond 
cannot but lament that an opinion taken up by General Government 
that the operations of the Federal Army will in its consequences afford 
a sufficient Defence, And has therefore prevented you from making 
those arrangements which are altogether necessary for that purpose. 

Permit us to request that your Excellency will once more, by such 
mode as j'ou think most eligible, address General Government on the 
subject. Your full information on the subject needs nothing we can say 
on the occasion, and only permit us to say that whatever may De the 
result, that we shall always i*etain the most grateful! sentiments of the 
willingness you have always shewn to contribute to our safety. 

We have the Honour to be, 

Your Excellency's most obed't, Humble Servants. 

THOS. WILSON, 
ARCH'D WOODS, Ohio. 

CHAS. WELLS, 
JOHN DENT, 
JOHN DAVIS, 

Monongalia. 

HEZEKIAH DAVISON, 
JOHN HAYMOND. 

N. B. — We have Inclosed to your Excellency a letter to the president 
of the United States. If you think proper may forward the same. 



Randolph Representatives on the Subject op Defence. Novem. 15th 

Richmond, Oct. 13th. 

Sir: 

We, the Representatives of Randolph County, have had the honour 
of receiving in part a Letter from your Excellency pointing out the 
mode of protection for the frontiei*s of the Destrict of Monongaley, and 
arc ever bound in gratitude to serve under that protection. 

But as we understand by your letter that you have granted our gards 
to continue through the winter season, which we truly beleive will not 
be needful!, & that if Randolph melitia was Discha»-god at the time ap- 
pointed heretotore and a Captain's Company Rai.ned the first of March 
next, would be sufficient for our protection, as we would not run the 



152 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. State to more cost than is needful, and we would wish the scouts Dis- 
Novem. 15th charged and Raised in like manner. 

We are your Excellency's Most ob't, Humble servants, 

JOHN HADDON, 
CORNELIUS BOGARD. 



Novem. 15th Representatives op Monongalia District on the Subject op 

Defence op the Frontier. 

Sir: 

Agreeable to your Excellency's request, wo take the liberty to nomi- 
nate John McCulloch as Capt. in the room of* VVm. McMaban, and to fill 
the office of Quarter- master, Adjutant & Pay-master, be recommended 
for the county of Harrison, John Haymond & Benjamin Robinson; in 
the County of Ohio, William McKinley & John Carroll ; in the county 
of Monongalia, John Dent & Thos. Wilson; in the count}'' of Randolph. 
Rob't Maxwell & Wm. Wilson. 

Your Excellency will please to determine which of those Gentlemen 
shall fill the above office. 

We have the Honor to be. 

Your Excellency's H'ble Serv'ts, 

The Kepi*esentatives of Monongalia District. 
BALDWIN PARSONS. 



k 



Novem. 15th Randolph Delegates respecting Western Defence. 

To his Excellency Henry Lee, chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth 
of Virginia: 

Your Petitioners, the Representatives of Randolph County, desire 
to make it known to 3'our Excellency that the Situation of our county 
is such, many of the Inhabitants have been already oblig'd to move ot!' 
from their Lands and Livings to their very great Disadvantage, and 
others to go into Forts — insomuch that if some Relief is not given, wc 
greatly fear that a great part of the Inhabitants will be oblig'd to move 
off entirely. We humbly conceive that a Relief of about forty-Eight 
Privates properly officered together with Six spies, would put it in the 
power of those who have already and will be obliged to move otf, to 
return to their Lands and Livings with a tolerable chance of safety. It' 
this, our Petition, shou'd meet with the approbation of your Excellency, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 153 



we shall look upoD ourselves in the highest Sense of Gratitude bound to 1792. 
Serve you in any Degree whatever when called upon. Novem. 15th 

CORNELIUS BOGARD, 
JOHN HADDAN. 
Ye 27th of Oct., 1792. 



Representatives of Monongalia District to the Governor. Novem. 15th 

Sir: 

We feel ourselves very unhappy when wo are ohlidged to trouble Richmond 
your Excellency so frequent on a subject that must be tiresome. But 
hope your Excellency will bear with us. 

We underatand that only One Company of Rangers is continued by 
the Executive, By reason that some of the Representatives from the 
District of Monongalia requested the Rangers might be discharged when 
their times expire. However safe the Situation of Randolph County may 
be, we do assure you that we do not consider the situation of our Coun- 
ties so safe, & we also aver that the members who requested their men dis- 
charged, were by all appearance as urgent to get protection as any, but 
we have reason to believe that in consequence of some disappointment 
or misunderstanding taking place, a letter was written to your Excel- 
lency on the subject of discharging the rangers of the above county. 
We cannot conceive any other motive that induc'd such conduct, and at 
a crisis when we were about to get protection. We feel ourselves very 
unhappy that any misunderstanding should take place amongst our- 
selves. However, we are far from thinking that your Excellency will 
suffer those counties who may Be Expos'd, to sufiPer in consequence of 
the Caprice of one small county. 

We have the Honor to be, 

Your Ob% Humbl. Serv'ts, 

ARCH'D WOODS, 
CHAS. WELLS, 
JOHN DENT, 
JOHN DAVIS, 
HEZ. DAVISON, 
JOHN HAYMOND, 
THOS. WILSON. 



20 



154 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. At a Court of quarterly session held for Norfolk County, the 19th day 

Noveni. lUth of November, 1792: 

The Court recommend to his Excellency, the Governor and the Hon- 
'blc the Council, William King, Robert Boush, and Richard Powell, 
Gent., as proper persons to execute the office of sheriff of this county. 
The Gent, heretofore Recommended & commissioned having failed to 
quality. 

WILLIAM WILSON, Jun'r, C. C. 



Novem. 20th H. Knox, Secretary op War, to the Governor. 

War Sir: 
Department ^ ^^^^ j^^^ received your letter of the 14th instant, which I shall 

lay before the President of the United States. 

I have the honor to be with great esteem. 

Your most obed. servant. 



Novem. 21st Righard Parker to the Governor. 

Richmond Sir : 

I have heard the Assembly have under their consideration the 
militia Bill, and understand the appointment of the officers is to be vested 
in the Executive. That amongst other officers there are to be several 
Adjutants and an Adjutant General. I some time ago had some con- 
versation with your Excellency upon the subject and informed you my 
son, Maj. Thomas Parker, wished for the latter appointment if a salary 
should be annexed to the office, which it seems is to be done. I can say 
nothing as to his ability in executing the Duty; that is better known 
to your Excellency and some of your honorable board than to mo. This 
letter is only intended as an application on his part for an appointment. 

I am, sir, 

Your Excellency's most ob't serv't. 



Novem. 22d James Dawley, Sheriff of Princess Anne, to the Governor. 

Dear Sir: 

Being directed (by an Act which passed the present session of 
the Assembly for the purpose of choosing an elector), to attend the 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 155 



Hheriffs of NorthamptOD and Accomack counties, at the courthouse of 1792. 
the said county of Northampton, to compare the Polls taken upon the Novein. 22d 
Election, in order, therefore, to avoid censure, as well as the penalty 
imposed by said Act for not affixing my signature to the Rettirn made 
upon said Election, I take the liberty of informing the Executive that 
my non-attendance was occasioned by high winds, which prevented my 
crossing the chesapeak till two days atler the time appointed for the 
meeting. This being a circumstance Vhich no human foresight could 
prevent, I trust that I shall stand excused for not Joining in the return. 

I am with respect, 

Your mo. ob*t. 



Richard Beale to the Governor. Novem. 23d 

May it please yV Exelency: Last November, twelve months, Mr. 
Brockenbrough qualified as sheriff of Richmond county, and died some 
little time afterwards; it was in the month of January following I quali- 
fied to my commission as sheriff. I think there is an Act of our Gen. 
Assembly that declares when a Sheriff qualifies to his commission and 
dies, the succeeding Sheriff shall finish his collection, and then serve his 
limited time of two years. Mr. Hipkins not qualifying this Nov*r, the 
commissioners have delivered their lists to me, and I conceive I have a 
right to the Sheriffalty untill next Nov'r; however, if y'r Exelency 
will be pleased to conderscend to instruct me, for which purpose I will 
call on you to-morrow morning. Mr. Hipkins's commission I have with 
mo, & should you conceive my claim is Just, will humbly thank you to 
make an alteration. 

Leaving it to your superior abilities, and with every sentiment of 
Esteem, 

Y'r Exelency's most ob't, Hbl. Serv't. 



IL Knox, Secretary op War, to the (iovernor. Novem. 24th 

Sir: 

Your Excellency's letter of the 14th, the receipt of which was War 
acknowledged on the 20th. has been submitted to and duly considered I^partment 
by the President of the United States. 

And I am directed in his name to observe to you that while ho is 
impressed with the propriety of affording reasonable protection to the 
exposed parts of the frontiers, he is conscious that different opinions 
arising from different situations and views will be entertained, as well 



166 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. of tbo degree as the nature of such protection. But as it is his duty 
jNovem. 23d to measure out the public foi-ce and means according to law, as various 
occasions may require, so it is his desire that the motives of his con- 
duct may be well understood. 

It is his opinion that although small garrisons stationed in Block- 
Houses or other fortifications will secure probablj' whoever may be 
therein ; yet they are entirely inadequate to protect a line of frontier 
against incursive parties of savages. 

That the Indians soon ascertain the strength of such Garrisons, and 
either insult or avoid them at pleasure. 

That the expence therefore generally of such Garrisons and fortifica- 
tions, so far as covering the country is useless and nugatory. 

That the patrols, termed scouts, formed of the most active, bold, and 
experienced hunters, are of the highest service in order to discover the 
approach of Indians, and alarm the inhabitants. 

That the expenses of a reasonable number of these scouts will be 
readily paid by the General Government, even at the high rate of pay 
hereafter allowed, which has been five-sixths of a dollar per day. 

That during 9he ensuing winter, a season in which the Indians do not 
commonly act offensively, it is presumed the usual proportion of scouts 
might be deemed a sufficient security, combined with that general and 
habitual vigilance, which the frontier inhabitants ought for their own 
safety to observe. 

But if in addition to these means, one, or at most two companies of 
Rangers, should act upon the line of the Southwestern frontier of Vir- 
ginia, it would appear to be entirely adequate to any probable demands. 
The pay and rations as fixed by law of such companies, the President 
consents shall for the present be defrayed by the United States. But, 
he considers that the expence of the six companies ordered out by the 
Executive of Virginia, in pursuance (it is supposed) of the resolves of 
the General Assembly of the 16th ultimo, would not form a proper 
charge against the general Government. 

It is, however, always to be understood upon an invasion, or an imme- 
diate threatening danger thereof, so as to render necessary the calling 
out the force of the country, that in such a case the United States will 
be responsible for the expenses, according to the nature of the circum- 
stances. 

But it is not considered as at all necessary to keep up constantly on 
all parts of the line ol frontiers, from the St. Mary's to Lake Ontario, a 
force calculated to repel possible invasions of considerable bodies of 
Indians. 

The last intelligence from Governor Blount was dated on the 10th 
ultimo. The distance of time gives birth to the hope that the threaten- 
ing appearances have in some dcgi*ee subsided in that quarter. The 
entire information upon the Subject of the Chickamaygas has been laid 
before the Legislature, but as yet no measures have been taken thereon. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, 157 



If the Chickamaygms continue their depredation^k it is diiKcult to con- 1792. 
ceive any other mode of insnring future tranquility, but that ol cha$- Novem.^l 
tiding them severely and desolating their Towns. But offensive meas> 
ures must arise from such acts as the Congress may think proper to pass 
on the occasion. 

Major-General Wayne will for the present assume a position for the 
troops immediately under his orders, a little above the Big Beaver cre«^k. 
and probably continue therein until March next. Ho is directeti in the 
mean time to encrease the force at Oralliopolis. below the great Kenawha. 
and at the Muskingum, to such a degree as to afford considerable and 
constant patrole« along the line from Galliopolis to his Camp, and theni'e 
to Fort Franklin. These patroles it is conceive^i in addition to the 
scouts, which all the exposed Counties will l>e permitteii to have during 
the winter, will prevent the necessity of ordering any of the militia of 
Monongahalia district into Service for the present, as suggested in your 
letter. 

I have the honour to be. 

Your Exeellencv's Most Oluxlient Servant. 



John Hawkins Prrmox to the Governor. Xovem. 23<i 

To his Excellency Hcnr\- Lee. EsqV. Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Virginia: 

The petition of John Hawkins, of the Count}' of Washington, 
humbly Sheweth that he was summoned b}- the Sheriff and retumeil as 
a Grand Juror for the diptrict comoosed of the counties of Wythe, 
Washington, and Eussell, at May term, 1791; that be was desirous of 
attending tho* unable because of sickness. In consequence of bis non- 
attend'ce a conditional fine was entered against him for four hundred 
pounds of Tobacco. 

Tour petitioner further Sbeweth that at the time he was summoned 
by the Sheriff at the Courthouse of Washington the day of the Election 
for Representatives in the month of April, 1791, being at that time in a 
bad state of health proceeding from a consumptive habit, informed him 
that if he was able to attend the said Court he would as a Grand Jury- 
man. For these reasons, your petitioner supposed he was not returned 
as a Grand Juryman, and knew nothing of the fine entered against him 
till it became final. Otherwise he could have attended at the next 
Court and rendered such reasons to the Court as he is certain would 
have convinced them that no contempt was intended to be offered, and 
been excused from the fine imposed on him for his Non-attendance. 

Your petitioner is scai*ce of money; that all he can raise for some 
time past has been expended for medicine & Doctor's charges to endeav- 



158 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. our to recover his health. He therefore prays that 3'our Excellency 
Novem. 24th would remit the fine aforesaid, which became final against him at Octo. 
terra, 1791. ^ 

And your petitioner shall pray, &c. 

Washington County, to-wit: 

John Hawkins made oath before me, Robert Preston, a Justice of 
the Peace for s'd County, that the facts set forth in the above petition 
are true. 

Given under my hand, this 24th Octo., 1792. 

ROBT PRESTON. 

Mr. Hawkins is an acting magistrate of Washington county, but from 
his low state of health, has been some time past unable to attend the 
court regularly. As far as I have ever heard, he uniformly bears an 
excellent character, and is esteemed in his county a respectable man. 
Ever since I knew him, which has been for three yeara at the least, he 
always appeared to me to be a man extremely afiiicted with disease, and 
is at present to my knowledge gone to North Carolina for the express 
purpose of recovering his health. 

It is not the practice of the Court to Send notice to delinquents of 
conditional fines being entered against them, and therefore Mr. Hawkins 
was not informed (ofiicially) of any such fine being entered against him. 

C. WATKINS. 



Novem. 26th Mrs. Elizabeth Archer's Petition to the Governor for the Par- 
don OP Negro Will. 

His Excellency Heniy Lee, Governor of Virginia: 

Sir: 
Bermuda I beg leave to write you respecting a negro Boy, who is now 

Hundreds m^^j^j. sentence of death in Charles City County CouH. 1 trust when 
his particular is represented, you will with your wonted humanity ho 
induced to extend your clemency to this poor wretch, who is very 3'oung, 
and who has never been guilty to my knowledge of anything of a hein- 
ous nature. He had elop'd and was absent for about two months, and 
unfortunately fell in with the Negro who actually killed Mr. Carter'^ 
overseer — a negro who has been at large 3 yeare, and from the best in- 
formation I can obtain, one of the vilest ol his kind. 

This poor young and inexperienced Boy happened to be in his company 
when the atrocious Act was committed, and fearing the consequence of 
being seen with such an associate, he conceived a plan with the rest of 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 159 



my servants to secure him, and delivered him and himself as an evi- 1792. 
denee to Mr. D. Ferguson, who delivered him to Justice, not doubting Novem. 26th 
but the part Billy acted in contriving to secure the aggressor would 
procure his own acquittance, but this not being represented to the Court 
ho was from a candid confession of the whole, condemned. 

I hope, sir, you will from the above statement of facts, issue your 
pardon for the poor Boy, which will ever be gratefully acknowledged by 
your — 

Most obedient Serv't. 

Charles City, sc: 

This day Dougald Ferguson came before me, William 
Royall, a magistrate of the said County, and made oath on the holy 
evangelist of Almighty God, that a negro by the name of Billy, belong- 
ing to the estate of Capt. John Archer, who had eloped for about two 
months, delivered himself, and brought in with him a negro man by the 
name of Jack, who says that he belongs to a Mr. Jardin, of North Caro- 
lina, & which negro Jack confessed before him that he had shot & killed 
a Mr. Crews, who acted as overseer for Col. Carter, on Sunday, the 
Eleventh November Instant, and that the said Billy he was with him at 
the time that circumstance happened, and said that he feared if he did 
not contrive to deliver Jack into the hands of somebody he might suffer 
for him ; and having concerted some scheme with some of the negroes 
of the Estate, he effected his wish, & brought him to him with their 
assistance on Monday night, the 12th of this Instant, November. Imme- 
diately on which, he wrote to Mr. David M. Randolph, who, & a Mr. 
Rob't Burton & his son soon after, came; to whom he delivered the said 
negroes Jack & Billy. 
Given under my hand, this 26th day of November, 1792. 

WILLIAM ROYALL. 



Samuel Henderson to the Governor and Council. Novem. 26th 

Gentlemen : 

I have had the honour to receive a letter from you, notifying 
me of an appointment to a subaltern's command in Capt. Caperton's 
company of Volunteer militia; this I with cheerfulness & my most un- 
feigned thanks accept. I shall enter upon the execution of this office 
im mediately. 

I have the honor to be, Gentlemen, with true esteem, 

Your most Ob't, H'ble Serv't. 



160 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEES. 



1792. Charles Cock's Bond, 

Novem. 26th Know all men by these presents, that we, Charles Cocke, Kichard 
Trice, Isaac , are held and firmly bound to Henry Lee, Esq., Gov- 
ernor of the State of Virginia, and his successors in the Just and full 
sum of two thousand pounds, to be paid to the Said Governor & his suc- 
cessors; to which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves 
Jointly and severally our Joint and several heirs. Executors, or adminis' 
tratprs, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals & dated this 
twenty-sixth day November, 1792. 

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the said 
Charles Cocke has this day covenanted and agreed with the Governor 
of Virginia, that he, the said Charles Cocke, will regularly furnish the 

two companies of volunteer militia under the command of , now 

raising for the defence of the South-western frontiej- of this State, with 
Rations from the third day of December next, till they shall be regu- 
larly discharged — each Ration to consist of one pound of beef or three- 
quarters of a pound of Pork, One pound of Flour bread, flour or fine 
Indian meal, half a Gill of Rum, brandy or whiskey, and one quart of 
salt for every hundred rations; the said Charles Cocke to receive from 
the public Treasury Eight cents for each Ration so furnished, now if the 
said Charles Cocke shall regularly supply the said Troops with rations 
as above stipulated and lor the term aforesaid, then the above obligation 
to be void, else to remain in full force and Virtue. 

CHARLES COCKE. [Seal.] 
RICH^D PRICE. [Seal.] 

ISAAC MULLEN. [Seal.] 



Sealed & Delivered in presence of — 



ARTHUR CAMPBELL, 
ANDREW COWAN. 



Novem. 26th Jno. Tyler to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond The Judges of the General Court have waited till near the end of 

their session for application to the appointment of clerk of that Court, 
now vacant by the resignation of Mr. Brown. Their waiting, however, 
has not hitherto brought forward any person desirous of accepting the 
office, altho' they have caused publick notice to be given of the vacancy 
in the Gazette. 

1 am directed by the other Judges now in town, to communicate the 
advice of this resignation to your Excellency, and to request that you 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 161 



will bo pleased to lay the same before the General AHsembly, that they 1792. 
may have leisure to take the matter into consideration in order that Novern. 26th 
some person of sufficient ability and integrity may be induced to accept 
an office, where so many important papers are kept which respect the 
Rights of so large a part of this community. 

I cannot persuade myself to close this letter without expressing my 
extreme regret at losing so valuable an officer as Mr. Brown. It is but 
barely doing him Justice to say that his industry was unremitting, and 
his knowledge in the business was only to be equalled by his fidelity in 
discharging all the Duties required of a faithful keeper of the Publick 
Records of this county. 

I have the honor to be, sir. 



Joseph Kent's Bond. Novem. 27th 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Joseph Kent and William 
Gilmore, are held firmly and bound to Henry Lee, Esq., Governor of the 
state of Virginia, and his successoi's in the Just and full sum of two 
thousand pounds, to be paid to the said Governor & his successors; to 
which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves Jointly and 
severally, our Joint and several heirs. Executors, or administrators firmly 
by these presents, sealed with our seals, and dated this Twenty-seventh 
day of November, One thousand seven hundred & ninety-two. 

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the said 
Joseph Kent have this day covenanted and agreed with the Governor of 
Virginia that he, the said Joseph Kent, will regularly furnish the two 
companies of volunteer militia under the command of , now rais- 
ing for the defence of the South-western frontier of this State, with 
rations from the third day of December next, till they shall be regularly 
discharged — each ration to consist of one pound of beef or three quar- 
ters of a pound of pork, One pound of bread, flour or Indian meal, half 
a Gill of rum, brandy or whiskey, and one quart of salt for every hun- 
dred rations; the said Joseph Kent to receive from the public Treasury 
Eight cents for each ration so furnished. Now if the said Joseph Kent 
shall regularly supply the said Troops with rations as above stipulated 
and for the term aforesaid, then the above obligation to be void, else to 
remain in full force and virtue. 

JOSEPH KENT. [Seal.] 

WILLIAM GILMORE. [Seal.] 

Sealed & delivered in presence of — 

ARTHUR CAMPBELL. 

21 



162 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. 

J. Ambler to the Governor. 

Sir: 
NovenL 28th The enclosed Letter and account were dcliveied this Moment. 1 

Treasury beg leave to lay them before the Hon'blo the Executive. I have no 
right to Hay what Hum shall at this time be spai^ed from the Treasury 
towards complying with Mr. Hartshorne's demands, and still less with 
respect to the claim of Interest. 

Mr. Hartshorne's agent consents to receive $1,000 in Bank Notes, in 
part, but no more. 

I am with very great respect, 

Your Excellency's ob. h'ble serv't. 

Jacquelme Ambler, Esquire : 

Respected Friend: 

Having a good opportunity by my 
friend, William Summers, I shall be much obliged if thou will please 
send by him the Am't of the 11th, call due to the Potowmack company 
on 100 shares at £8 each. I have added Interest at the foot of the 
am't, & hope as the law calls for it, (and it has been the uniform practice 
to charge it since the law was altered) thou wilt think thyself Justified 
in paying. 

I am Respectfully, Thy Friend, 

WM. HARTSHORNE. 
Alexandria, 20th November, 1792. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To the Potowmack Company, Dr. 

To the 11 Dividend on 50 shares subscribed for the Com- 
monwealth @ £8, 400. 0. 0. 

Exchange 33J, 133. 6. 8. 

To Ditto on 50 shares subscribed for George Washington, 

Esq., £8, £400, 33J, 533. 6. a 

Virg. Currency, £1,066. 13. 4. 

To Interest on the am't @ 5 p. c. p. ann. 

Please to pay the Am't of the above am't to William Summers, the 
bearer hereof, for the use of the Potowmack company. 

WM. HARTSHORNE, Treas'r. 

Alexandria, November, 1792. 

JACQUELINE AMBLER, Esquire, Treasurer of Virginia, Richmond. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 163 



Thomas Parker to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

I have Just heard that our Assembly propose to make an allow- Novem. 28th 
anee to the acting staff officers of the militia. Having heretofore Frederick 
sei'vcd sevei-al years as an Adjutant, I take the liberty of offering my- <^unty 
self for that office, or of that of Inspector, Having understood that your 
Honorable Board will have the appointment of the officers. As I do 
not wish to say anything of my fitness for the office, I beg leave to refer 
your Excellency to Col. Gaskins Hopkins, or any of the old continental 
officers with whom I have had the honor to serve, for any information 
you may think necessary. 

I have the honor to be with much Esteem & Respect, 

Y'r Excellency's most obed. Serv't. 



Condition of the Treasury. Novem. 28th 

The sum of twenty thousand pounds this day in the public Treasury 
of Virginia. 

J. AMBLER. 



The Petition of John Patterson to the General Assembly. Novem. 28th 

To the Honorable the Speaker & Representatives of the General Assem- 
bly of Virginia : 

The petition of John Patterson, of the county of Norfolk, humbly 
sheweth unto 3'our honorable body, that for some years before the death 
of the late Mr. Thomas Brown of Portsmouth, your petitioner had the 
principal management of all the business carried on by the said Brown; 
and that for a considerable time before the death of the said Bi*own, he 
was by a bad state of health rendered entirely incapable of attending to 
any kind of business, and that during his said indisposition, your petitioner 
was obliged to enter all his vessels in the Naval office, and become 
Bondsmen for the duties, as the said Brown was not able to attend him- 
self for that purpose, and that previous to his death a number of the 
said Bonds were deposited by the Naval officer in the hands of the soli- 
citor unpaid, and that since the death of the said Brown, Judgements 
have been obtained by the Commonwealth against your petitioner for 
all those Bonds that remained unpaid. For better information your 
Honorable body will be pleased to observe the depositions of Mr. liich- 
ard Smith, who was clerk to the said Brown during the Agenc}'^ of your 
Petitioner, which is hereunto annexed. 



164 CALENDAll OF STATE PAPEES. 



1792. And that afler the said Judgemonts wei'e obtained, your Petitioner 

Novem. 28th made application to Mrs. Anne Brown, Adm'x of the said Thomas 
Hrown, dec'd, for money to relieve him and to discharge the said Judge- 
nientH, who absolutel}' denied your Petitioner any relief, alledging that 
theix?! irt dobt8 of a superior dignitj^ more than sufficient to swallow up 
all the Property which is in her hands belonging to her dec'd husband. 
Your Petitioner begs leave to inform your honorable body that be is in- 
dependent of this debt to the publick — likely to loose a considerable sum 
of money due him for four or five year's services to the am't of upwards 
of four hundred pounds. In order to endeavour to secure this debt & 
the debt due the commonwealth, your petitioner has institute a suit in 
the Hon'ble the High Court chancery, and using every exertion in his 
|K>wer to bring it to a decision so as to be onable<l to discharge the 
Judgements obtained by the Commonwealth; But now, so it is, your 
Petitioner is subject to the payment of the said Judgements, and has 
not the means to <iischarge them, without divesting himself and family 
of a small pittance, which is barely sufficient with all his exertions to 
keep them from want, &. prays that your honorable Body may pass an 
Act lo indulge your Petitioner for the payment of the different Judge- 
ments obtained iigainst him by the Commonwealth for the term of three 
years, or to pay one-thinl each year for three years, or such other indul- 
gence or relief as may to the decision of your honorable body appear 
consistent with equity and good conscience. And your Petitioner 
shall ever pray. 

The l>ej>osition of Richard Smith, of the county of Norfolk, of lawfall 
age, tAken by request of John Patterson to accompany a petition which 
is to l>e presented to the ensuing General Assembly, first being duly 
sworn on the Holy Avengalist of Almighty God, dcposeth & saith: 

That ho served in the capacil}' of a clerk to the late Mr. Thomas 
Brown, of the Town of Portsmouth, for several years before his death, 
which was in the year 17S9, & that the saic* Brown was, by a bad state 
of hcvjilth, for a long time entirely unable lo attend lo any kind of busi- 
ness; and that during his indisposition, the aforesaid John Patterson 
su]>erin tended the management of all the said Brown's afEairs, and that 
the said Patterson during his said Agency was under the necessity of 
becoming Bondsman in the Norfolk Naval office for duties, Ac, on all 
the good> im|>orttHl l>y said Brown in his vessels from the West Indies 
^ elsewhere; &. that at the death of the said Brown, a number of these 
bonds lor duties on l^i>ods imported in the Sloop Virginia & Boston 
Packet, Brig Hero. Brig Perseverance k Schooner Bobin, were in the 
bands of the sjtid Naval officer, or the Solicitor unpaid; since which 
Judfiremonts haih been obtAine<1 in the General Court bv tht.- common- 
wealth against the said Patterson, who appears as Principal in all the 
aforesaid Bonds in consequence of his being obliged to enter the sail 
vessel> in the Naval office, in the Roiim of the said Brown, who was not 
able lo attend ibr that pur}>ose himself. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PArKRS. \^ 



And this deponent farther 8*3^8 that to xha l>c^i ol his knowl^ij;ine t>r Xitt. 
belief, the said Patterson was neither owner or inioi>»t<Hi in the w^id N\>v<^m.*Mh 
Tcssels or their cargoea, and that the aforesaid ThomaTfi Uft^wn wii« m>)i^ 
owner & the only person that was Inton^sliHi^ nor to Uxn knowl^)^ or 
belief did the said Patterson ever receive from tho said Bwwn, or hiw 
representatives, any Money or Property to discharge the l>onds afbre* 
said, & no such charge or entry were ever made uptui the Hooks of satd 
Brown, which was principally kept by this deponant; and thai all or 
part of these Bonds given by said Patterson, was carried to the oredti 
of an Acc't kept for the Naval oDico on the Hooks of the said Itrtnvhi 
which was a farther inducement for this deponent to believe thai the 
said entries were made in the Naval of!ico by the said PaitiM*son as 
Agent for said Brown. And further this deponent sayuth not. 

Norfolk County. 

Sworn to before me this 1st day of October, 1702. 

JOHN KKARNKH. 



In the House of Dclogaios, fffrfptn. 2fHh 

Saturday, the 10th of November, 1792. 

Mr. Corbin reported from the committee of Propositions and Griev- 
ances that the committee had arx;ordin^ to order had under their con- 
sideration the petition of John Patiemon Ut them referr^, and had 
agreed upon a report and come to seveniJ re«K/lritfons thereiipofr, whUih 
he read in bis place and afterwards deliverer] in at th^ OlerkV Table, 
where the same were again twice read and agree/l Uf by the If/m^e, tm 
folio weth : 

It appears to yoor Committee from the flepfmtkm rift Ri><^bafd Htfnik^ 
that be acted as clerk to Thomas Brown, of the Town f4 P^irtsmontb, 
deceased, lor several years hefore his death, which happened in (Ke year 
1789; that the said Brown was ona^ile from h\^ indii^pomtion to attend 
to any kind of bostaeiis fbr a lons^ time before hi« death — <irtfin^ whieh 
the petitioner. John Patterson, had the management Ski\4 dire<^f ion of the 
aiEur» ot die saiil Thoman Brown, ^nd wat* cinder the ne^'^emty of 
becoming bootisman in che 5'orfolk Jf^vxi oiff^e, for the dntieft on all f he 
goodd importai by the ?iaid Brown during the a^reney of the niaid ^eti- 
tiooer: that the Petitioner wan neither owner nor interested in Che ve*»- 
selft or Cargoes; that the bonds j^ven by the Petitioner were carried to 
tike creiiit of an account kept for the naval ofttce on the bookrt of the 
said Brown* which were phncipaily k»rpt by rh*% d#^pon#»nt. and that the 
Pedtinaar «iid not to bis knowtedgD or belief receive any money (W 



1^ CALfiNDAR OP .^ATH. PAPEBS. 



17^. f>rr>p#»rty from th^ ^tsi'l Brown or dm reprenentadvesi to *ii8ciu&rse ih^ 
Sfyvffm. 2^h ?»»id Kon4«i. an no ^ii-.h »?niry or rhar^ wan miuie on the bo4>k9. 

Rp-MtAvt^A. that the petition of John Pauer«>a pntvini; chsu he uL^y 
h4>i allowed rime to 'ii^ehara^ the Jaiigemenii§ ohtained by the eonunoo- 
wealth agr^irwt him on the homlH entered into by him a» absent for the 
w^ Thoman Rrown, i^ reasionahie. 

Hf^fAvaH, that the Rxeeutive he re<[iu»i€e<i to ^o»penii the operation ot 
r^^rtMn exef^nt ionn kwned npon the Ja«itirsment:« against the «ai«i John 
Paif»^r»on, of the connty of Norfolk, for •4ach time and apon *aeh eon- 
4>tf<jtMi $kA they may think proper. 



Teste: 

17^, Nr/v. 14th. 
Afff^^} Uf hy the .Senate. 

A Copy — Teste: 



CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 



a BROOKE, C. S. 



CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 



Tho Kx'ofm ImikkI Againnt Mr. Patte»on, were put into the hands of 
Thomas Hmlth, Ksqnlro, .Sheriff of MathewH County — against whom 
Juit^emont foi* cost wore obtained for not returning these cx'ons in due 
time. 

The funount of eosts, us follows: 

Kor Kxponro notices, - - - - £4. 10. 9. 

An'y.den'l *erk*s fees, - - - 31. 4. 5J 



a 



Antl'r's offlee. 2Hth Nov., 1792. 

J. PENDLETON. 

List ol the Cwealihs Judgement against Johnathan Patt^Ji-son on 
iliitV honds ohtained •luno, 1790: 

Prineiprtl 

£2. IS. X Int. \\\y\w 25th Oct., \^7, to 25 Nov.. '92. 

\\y IT. t>. n Ap». -88. to do., 

9. 1. 10. 24 June. 8S, 

9. 15. tV 21 S<^p.. 89. 

7. 11 2 ItUnno, 89. 

4. 18. 8 1 Jsny. '89. 

IS. t5. 4 20 Nov.. "88. 

7. 8. 11. 9 FohV. -^i^. 

4. \^ 4 27 iVt.. -89 





14. 


10. 




9. 


11. 


2 


11. 


2 


1. 


11. 


0. 


1 


fi. 


1. 




19. 


8. 


w> 


15. 


2 


1. 


« . 


9. 




14. 


4. 


cia 


la 


11. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 167 



Certificate Bonds: 1792. 

9. 1. 4. 16 March, '89, 1. 10. 6. Novem. 28th 

5. 4. 8. 27 July, '89, 17. 7. 



14. 6. 0. £2. 11. 1. 



Principal & Interest. Costn. 

£3. 13. 1. 3. 9. 8J. 

13. 7. 5. 3. 4. lOi. 

11. 2. 0. 3. 4. 5 J. 

11. 6. 0. 3. 4. 51. 

8. 17. 3. 3. 4. 5i. 

5. 18. 4. 3. 4. 51. 

16. 10. 6. 3. 4. 51. 

8. 16. 8. 3. 4. 51. 

5. 7. 8. 3. 4. 51. 



£84. 18. 11. £29. 6. 2. 



Certificate Bonds: 

10. 14. 10. 3. 4. 51. 

6. 2. 3. 3. 4. 51. 



£16. 17. 1. £35. 15. 1. 



£84. 18. 11. Special Debt, exclusive of costs, bearing interest from this 

day till paid. 
35. 15. 1. Special for costs. 

120. 14. 0. 



£14. 6. 0. Cert, debt, bearing interest from this day till paid. 

J. PENDLETON, Aud'r. 
Aud>'s office, 26 Nov., 1792. 



Leonard Cooper's Resignation. Novem. aoth 

Sir: 

Although your Excellency was pleased to have me appointed again Point 
to a command in Captain Caperton*s Company of Volunteer militia, Pl®*^*'^* 
I have it not in my power to accept of this honorable appointment. I 
must therefore with some regret decline this appointment; at the same 
time I return you my bent thanks for this intended honor. 

I am. Sir, with every possible Esteem & regard, 

Your Excellency's most ob't very H'ble Serv't 



168 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. John Caxpbkll to thk Govebhok. 

Sir: 
Novem. 30th Your Excel Icnej'.s ikvour of the 10th lodtaot came to hand the 25th. 
for which allow me to offer my unfeigned thanks. I will immediately 
proceed to recruit my quota of men and prepare myself for any service 
my country may call me to. 

I am. Sir, 

Your most obedient. 



NoTem.30th John Pendleton, Auditor, to the (toternor. 

Sir: 

1 have the honor of enclosing an aeco't of the disbursement of the 
sums lately advanced from the public Treasury for the purpose of send- 
ing out notices and executions against public delinquents, together with 
an account of the several sums received for such expences from sundrie 
Delinquents. 

When the account is approved by the Hon*ble the Executive, I re- 
quest a warrant for £58. 1, 2, balance in my favour on s'd accounts. 

1 am, 

Y'r Exc'y's mo. ob't Serv't. 

AudVs office, 30 Nov., 92. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To John Pendleton. Dr. 

To expence sending out Executions and giving notices to sundry pub- 
lic Debtors to November Greneral Court, 1792, viz: 

John Gardner, first ride — send'g Executions to Amherst, 
Augusta, Albemarle, Caroline, Fluvanna, Hanover, 
Louisa, Spotsylvania; notice to Albemarle & Hanover, 14. 5. 0. 

2d Ride— Send'g Executions to Isle of W*t, Norfolk, 
Nancemond, Princess Anne; notice to Greensville, 
Norfolk, & Surry, 8. 5. 0. 

3rd Ride — Sond*g notices to Charles City, Bssex, Eliza- 
beth City, Gloucester, Henrico, James Cit3% King & 
Queen, K*g Wm., K'g George, Lancaster, Middlesex, 
MatbowH, Now Kent, Northumberland, Richmond, 
Warwick, Westmoreland, York, & Williamsburg, - 16. 10, 0. 




CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 169 



Wm. Gardner, Ist ride — Send'g Executions to Amelia, 1792. 

Brunswick, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Prince George, Novem. 30th 

Southampton & Sussex; notices to Amelia, Brunswick, 
Prince George, Southampton, 10. 10. 0. 

2d Ride — Send'g notices to Amelia, Brunswick, Chester- 
field, Dinwiddie, Greensville, Isle of Wight, Lunenburg, 
Nottoway, Nansemond, Norfolk, Princess Ann, Prince 
George, Southampton, Surry, Sussex, - - - - 14. 12. 6. 

John A. Richardson, 1st ride — Send'g Executions to Bod- 
ford, Buckingham, Campbell, Henry, Powhatan, Prince 
Edward, Pittsylvania, Washington ; notices to Bedford. 
& Franklin, 21. 15. 0. 

2d Ride — Send'g notices to Bedford, Buckingham, Cum- 
berland, Charlotte, Campbell, Franklin, Halifax, Henry, 
Montgomery, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Pittsylvania, 
Wythe, Washington. 21. 15. 0. 

Reuben Gardner, 1st ride — Sending Executions to Charles 
City, Essex, Gloucester, K'g & Queen, K'g W'm, Lan- 
caster, Middlesex, Northumberland, Warwick, West- 
moreland, & York ; notices to Elizabeth City, Glou- 
cester, King & Queen, Mathews, Now Kent, - - 13. 10. 0. 

2d Ride — Notices to Berkeley, Culpepor, Fairfax, Fau- 
quier, Frederick, Hampshire, Hardy, Loudoun, Prince 
W'm, Pendleton, Rockingham, Stafford, Spotsylvania. 
Shanandoah, 23. 5. 0. 

Stephen Crouch — Sending Executions to Berkeley, Cul- 
peper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Hampshire, Hardy, Loudoun, 
Stafford, Shanandoah, Rockingham; Notices to Fau- 
quier, Hardy, Loudoun, Stafford, Shanandoah, - - 16. 10. 0. 

Nath'l Whitlock — Sending notices to Albemarle, Amherst, • 
Augusta, Botetourt, Caroline, Fluvanna, Goochland, 
Greenbrier, Hanover, Louisa, Orange, & Rockbridge, - 18. 0. 0. 

£178. 17. 6. 
To Expenees of office, viz: paid for sweeping office, 20. 

for paper & Red 
Ink for state- 
ments, - - 5. 5. 

1. 5. 5. 



£180. 2. 11. 



John Pendleton's account with the Commonwealth of Va. for notices Novem. 30th 
to the SherifTs, Enclosed in original papers. 

22 



170 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Abner Vernon's StaicmcDt of prices of bar-iron at Rappahannock 

Novern. 3(Kh Forge, with endon»oment as follows — Enclosing letter from J. Dawson: 

The prices ot Bar-iron at R'pp'k Forge from 1st Sept'r, 1779, to 27th 
Octo., 1780, are as follows, viz: 



1779— SeptV., . 


- 


£1,000. pr. Ton. 


Octo., 


. - - - 


1,000. 


Nov'r, - 


- . - - 


1,000. 


Dec'r, . 


- - - 


1,200. 


1780 — ^Januar}^ 


. 


1,800. 


February, 


. 


2,000. 


March, - 


- 


2,000. 


April, May, 


June, July, Aug'st, Sept*r, 




Oct'r, . 


. 


2,400. 



1,200. 



I do hereby certify that I lived at the works carried on by Mr. J. 
Hunter the above time, & kept the books of the Forge, and that the 
above is a Just copy from the books of the prices that Iron sold for the 
time above mentioned. 

Given under my Hand this 30th day of NovemV, 1792. 

ABNER VEENON. 

Signed by Mr. Vernon before me. 

C. H. MORTIMER. 

Sir: 

I am appointed to settle an ac. between the Commonwealth and Mr. 
D. Ross, for some pig Iron furnished by him. He is to have i of the 
price of bar-iron at Hunter's works. 

I will therefore thank you if you will inform me of the price of bar- 
iron from the^rst of Sept'r, 1779, to the 27th of October, 1780. 

With Esteem, 

Y'r very hum. serv't, 

J. DAWSON. 

Fred'k'bVg, Nov. 7, 1792. 



Decern. Ist Jesse Coqbill to Col. David Patterson and William Archer. 

Dear Colo.: 

1 beg leave to he excused for troubling of you with business 
on mj' ucc't, OHpcciully at this time when I know you must have enough 
of your own & tor the puhlick. If you can sj)aro as much time, I will 
kindly thank you if you'l apply to Mr. John Brown, the clerk of the 



ClLLEKItLL nr STaT^ TArKISv 



^n 



CcniC^ ss»L Hat •fcUrtfT iL liit naiQu •*: iSiinr-k 4 .ji^u*v «i*v <t Th^>»< i^ntts 

Jk£Tt*eid»*t If taiw Afeo ii i: will na: h* i(vr^ mu*-*i. ir^Mihu 1 m-il. thunk 
T-oi: i: -rm:' ask nr OKHiiTt fif Hi liTt>iri. or Uu B«^t *h*t t>ov<*Ti><>r A 
O'lmisL i«fr i. CeniBnau- for rot- lo T»rl! ihv Umt^ ir ^in>f-h«>4!<%> iKdi IAt 
HMtarrr tiGtaup^ n- Jau.. I^oimlc THift* «<>;is won- 1vsi*h<v^i<Ni iii ITT^ 
sAd I bsTf^ umienaitcHi Mr Sani'i Weisu^^r some ;in>4" nAor ?*oi Mp ^^awk^ 
ei&iiB %€^ tiioBL bm xkai «»»• hk^ ebum the tvvtneml CooTt AT^ryv^ i>»mii 
9M(L I hsT't- cmtst iv iwioe wir^ Mr Bw^wti f>»r a iv^rtiti^mK^ l^r m^ f<^ 
sieD ^be iocie. bm be fiends roe w«rd he knowji ti 0x^1114^ ol^ iW bn^iVK«^ 
iukksi§ tie Gfn-'r 4 CouTtf^!)} hft$^ iht- diTtvtJon «-%f ir Y<^l^l ^»<v fW^lft iW 
Esebeai lftw$> th&t pftw^ in 177$^ loid 1^^. Thai ihe Ol^T^<' ai iIk' tv^r)1 
Court is vo tttartHv v» tbe fincboAXir i^ ^i t4Mt*¥> kind ti4^ ^vxi liA<^v iht" 
rettm of ibe Inqnesi six mmiliis. wb<Mv n.-^ |fHM^>n 9>M>% 4i^ny <4iiim. «n4 
wbeiY m&T dftini if ben s^ei u^ &iid tbe claim 4r$MrDh%!«cd. IT v^vd <^n t%U 
the eeitificateis tbe bearer h«rcic«t. Mr. Arrb^r^ wiU bnn<^ l-h<^«M t'k>A«%, 



P. S— You'l 
Certificatets. ike 



1 ayn v^ur irbli> ^^n* r 
IitckiMid M) «yt>l«- f<»r Mr, Bpi>wn to IVHvi>r to \>"m lh«> 



J. O. 






SaMUKL CoLKMAN to TRB lik>VBItNOIi. 



IViH^m. Ui 



The application which I macio to your KxcoUoiicy for tho uppoini. Uiohimmtl 
roent to ihe office of Adjutant Geneml had a Having to tho <%)iumv)n 
wealth as much for its objects as an}' (mrtiouhir f^nUifh'iUioii of luy 
inclinations in other respects. 

That the office will be an important one. That tho dutioN of it will 
be arduous; and that the pei*son who AUh it should ho otintpotohl to 
those duties, must be concede<i. 

I am duly impressed with its importance; hoHovo mysolf compotont 
to its duties, and hope the wounds which I have rccoivod in tho moi'vIoo 
of my country, and for which I have had no componnatlon otiior iimn 
the office I now hold, will be considered an some JuHtific'atlon of it Poll* 
tion to be continued in that office, although under anothor dotiomlMH' 
tion. 

Your Excellency will therefore be pleased still to couMidor iiio as orio 
among the many who will in all probability apply for it. My orl|,(lMnl 
application was made upon a preaumption that the uppolritmivrH would 
be vested individtuilly in the Commander-in-chief of tho militia, Hhoiild 



172 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. that not be the case, and the appointment be vested in the Executive, 
Decern. Ist be pleased to submit thi^ letter to the notice of that honorable body. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

With the most perfect respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv*t. 



Decern. Ist Cornelius Booard and John Haddam, Delegates from Randolpb 

County, to the Governor. 

To Henry Lee, Chief magistrate of the Commonwealth of Virginia: 

Sir: 
Richmond We improve the present opportunity to make known unto you 

and the honourable Counsil, the situation of our County in regard to its 
protection against the Savage Enemy. Our situation is such, that a 
great part thei'eof is already vacated, and we fear a much greater soon 
will happen if we are not favoured with the necessary defence to prevent 
their Depredations. We herein mean to ask as little Relief as we think 
will possibly answer our purpose, viz: One Company Legally Officered. 
& to be furnished by some person or persons of our County, (viz: Ran- 
dolph,) independant of the Northern District, which officers youl ap- 
point at will. Your compliance with this, our Request, will lay us and 
our constituents under increasing obligations to you, and declare our- 
selves always ready to obey when called upon. 

Your Honours will also be pleased to allow us six scouts, which you 
were kind enough to allow our County for the present year. 

& oblige y'rs, &e. 



Decern. Ist ^^' Adams to the Governor. 

Sir: 

I have received your Excellency's letter of the 10th of November, 
and thank you for the honour conferred on mo, and will proceed with 
diligence to recruit my quota of soldiei-s for the Voluntier Company. 

I am, sir, 

Your most Obedient Servant. 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 173 



Andrew Colvill to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

I rec*d your letter informing me of my appointment as an Ensign Decem. let 
in the Troops to be raised for the defence of the Southwestern Frontiers 
of Virginia; for which notice of me I return \'our Excellency my most 
hearty thanks, and shall proceed with all possible dispatch to raise my 
Quota. 

I am your Excellency's mo ob*t Serv*t. 



Lancaster County Court, Aug. 20, 1793. Decem. Ist 

William Meredith & John Steptoo are by the Court recommended to 
his Exccllenc3' the Governor as fit & proper persons to be commissioned 
to execute the office of Inspector of Tobacco at Dy mer's Warehouse in 
this County. 

A Copy — Teste : 

THO. POLLARD, D. C. 



John Tatlor to the Governor. Decem. 2d 

Sir: 

I had the honor to receive your Excellency's Letter of the 10th of Montgomery 
Nov'r, Informing me of my appointment of Lieutenant in the Corps to 
be raised for the defence of the Southwestern frontiers. I think mj'self 
under obligations to my Country to serve almost in any capacity — from 
the obscurity of my character I acknowledge myself under obligations 
to your Excellency & Every member of your Honorable Body. I'll use 
every exertion to render service to my country, & hope that it may be 
in my power to procure Distinction to mj'self I shall except of the 
appointment k recruit m}" Quota with all possible Dispatch. I think I 
could render the greatest service to the part of the frontier where I have 
hitherto been. I've made myself acquainted with the war traces Lead- 
ing from that part of the frontier almost to the Ohio. But wherever 
you may think proper, I will approve of the close attention of the offi- 
cers to their Business, as it is essentially necessary to the good of the 
Service. 

I have tba honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv't. 



174 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Mecklenburg County, 

Decern. 3d November Quarterly Court, 1792. 

Ordered, that Anthony Bennett, Charles Davis, Samuel Holmes, Jr., 
and Riehard Pox, be nominated and recommended to his Excellency the 
Governor, as proper persons to execute the office of Inspectors at the 
Warehouse of Saint Taminy, in the town of Saint Taminy, on Roanoke 
River in this county. 

A Copy — Teste: 

JOHN BROWN, cl. 



Decern. 3d Wm. Dayies to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Philadel- Please to order a warrant in your own favour on the Treasury for 

P ** One Hundred & thirty-five Dolls., being so much money belonging to 
you, and paid mo by General Irvine at this place on account for contin- 
gencies of my office, and oblige, 

Your Excellency's most Obed., Humb'l Serv*t. 



Decern. 3d ^'^ Stuart and Dan'l Carroll to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Georgetown ^^ ^^S ^^a^® to inform you that we have Just received the Presi- 

dent's drafl on the Treasurer of Virginia for the Second Instalment due 
from that State, and have forwarded it to him for payment. Our full 
assurance of your friendly dispositions to the work carrying on hero, 
leaves us no doubt but you will do everything in your power to onsure 
a successful negociation of the business. We cannot omit observin<gr ihat 
Maryland has already paid the whole of her second instalment, and by 
information Just received from Annapolis is nearly ready to pay off the 
third. 

We are. Sir, with great Esteem, 

Your Obed., H'ble Serv't.s. 



Decern. 4tb Captain Willlam J. Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond Prom some unforseen events that have lately occur'd, it has become 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 175 



indispcnHibly necessary to request the Executive that they would ex- 1792. 
cept ol' that appointment with which they honoured me. Decern. 4th 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obliged and hum. Serv't. 



William Campbell to the Governor. Decern. 4th 

Sir: 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's Washington 
letter of the tenth of November, and to let you know that without loss 
of time I proceeded to engage men for the volunteer service, and am 
happy to inform you that my success is equal to my expectation, so 
much so that 1 believe in a few days I can offer my services to my 
Country, with a quota of as good Riflemen as can be found in the State. 

1 am, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant. 



John MgCollogk to the Governor. Decem. 4th 

Sir: 

Your letter bearing date the 15th ult. came to my hand the third of West 
this inst., and I observe the contence; and as your Excellency has ^jj^'^' 
thought proper to offer me the command of a company of rangers on 
the frontiers for the ensuing year, I will accept the appointment, and 1 
shall from this time exert myself in raising the men agreeable to your 
instructions. 

I shall beg leave to mention to your Excellency that the quantity of 
ProvitioD allowed is not soficient for the soldiers, especially when 
on a scout. Kittles and axes are much wanting, as those articles are 
scarce in this country. I also think that a few pack Horses would be 
very servisable when on a long scout with a large party. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obed't hum. Serv't. 



Jos. Biggs to the Governor. Decern. 4th 

Sir: 

Your letter bearing date the 15th ult. came to my hand the third of West 
this inst., and 1 observe the contents j and *d» your Excellency has ^u^^^J^' 



176 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1702. thought proper to offer me the Lieutenancy in the company of Rangers 
Decern. 4th on the fronteai*s, I shall except of it, and flatter myself I shall not be 
lacking in my duty. I shall set out immediately in order to raise my 
quoto of men agreeable to your Excellency's instructions. 

I shall beg leave to mention to your Excellency that from experience 
I And that the quantity of pervision allowed is not soficient for the sol- 
diers when on a scouts as it will not do to shoot when in the woods. 
Kittles and axee is much wonting, especially in this season ot the year. 
When on a long scout with a large party, a few pack horses would be 
very advantagiH>us. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Tour Excellencv*s most ob't Hum. Serv't. 



IVc^itt, 5th WiLLiAX JoMSS* ArriDATrr. 

Henrico Cow So,: 

lleiurk\> Per^^nally appeared William Joaeck of.the coooty ot Berkeley before 

mi\ a Juslicv^ v>f the Peace for the County afore^^aid, and made oath that 
a certidcale :!tigned by the iiovernor of Virginia, placing him on the list 
i\t* peusionenk has been lost or mlslaud. 

Given under mv hand, thi* 5th dav of I>ecember. 1792. 

WIIXIAM PRICK 



^ 



IVcetii. oih Sam L Colxmax tv tbi Govolsos. 

Sir 
Cbttoctl l^y the im:l««ed KMtt^r ^hb your Exceileney to Coioaei Wlisofi. you 

'***^ will re^ily peiveiv%» tku the iocl^^i pay>n]4is &>r !$coiit5 »>f Hairisoii 
Couatv. arv co|>ieaL o^' thoci^ lorwai>ied by yxKi to the S««:r«cary of war 
in a letter vH the :f6lh ol' September, and that the fc^^ clai»f ia the 
:«civuijy*^ k*il«fr ot* the nr>i <.»t Nw»vember rerers- to ih«8$e claims^ 

It ap|.HAr< that the ^ecivt^ury : Deluding an Error of twenty shillings. 
ba:> ordered pav h>r the ratioos used bv the^ :«couts^ whkh t;s cviiiirarT 
U.> thv intcntioo ol the Exwuiivt?. :&£. their aliowanc^ by thfi^ SiaXe 
<.»€iiy live shilling jvr day. to inciude as^ wril liieir ratioik^ as^ pay. 
tevo poundbs ten >hJlIinj> ba> be^o re*xnvt>l thereK»r>r moc^ thaa thetiie 
^o>ut> wvfv Ja>t:y oatille*! :o, vhicb lo prevctit cvnnp^st^ oc v<her 
^x»uLs v>(iial^y :uentor!»-«u>v <>«i;^ht i«erb3^^ dvI IiJ Jh; paid them. 

Fr^'m ihe MxTt- tar> > .ciUrr. yvHir Excx^ticocy wiii v»*^«^frr^ t^kax tbr 



CALENDAE OF STATE PAPEES. 177 



insufficient, and a reqaest is mado that it may not be paid to those enti- 1792. 
tied to it until sufficient vouchers are obtained. Decern. 5th 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most Ob't servant. 



Arthur Campbell to the Governor. Decern. 5th 

Sir: 

I enclose Mr. Kent & Cocke's bonds; that of the latter I ought to 
apologize for being so coarsely drawn — being done in the hurry the day 
Captain Lewis' Company was mustered and discharged. I took the 
liberty to insert the word fine before Indian meal, as I found the Com- 
plaints was loud of the soldiers on account of very coarse meal being often 
given for their rations. Some of the officers have desired mo to trans- 
mit their acceptance of the offers of the Executive from Captain W. 
Neil. I have yet received no answer, but have reason to conclude that 
he will accept of his appointment. 

The determination of the Cherokees and Creeks to prosecute the war 
against the citizens of the United States seems daily more manifest 
The recent attack on Captain Tate and his company of about 40 men, 
when proceeding through the wilderness to Cumberland Settlement, 
besides several lesser encounters may evince. 

I am, sir. Respectfully, 

Your most Obedient Serv't. 



Ohio Co., Va., to-wit: 

We, the subscribers, Field Officers & Magistrates for the County Decern. 5th 
aforesaid, whose names are Hereunto annexed, do Certify that Captain Ohio Go. 
William McMahon, who was appointed to the Command of a Hainging 
Company by the Executive of this Commonwealth for the year 1792, on 
the frontiers of Ohio and Monongalia Countys, has during his Continu- 
ance in said office conducted himself as a soldier and worthy citizen, and 
in all things Pertaining to bis said Command, has given general satisfac- 
tion as far as has come to our knowledge. 

Given under our hands this 5tb Da}' of December, 1792. 

DAVID SHEPHERD, Jr., 

Lieut, of Ohio. 

ZAC. SPRIGG, Major. 

JOHN BOGGS, 
23 



178 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPEBS. 

17j)2. P^jB'T McCLURE, 

riwy^m.5fh WK. McKINLEY, 

DAVID CHAITBERS, 
BBNJ'N BIGGS, Lieat. Coll. 
JOffN MITCHELL, Esq., 
WK. GRIFFITH, 
RICH RD WELLS, 
WILLIAM SUTHERLAND, 
ISAAC MEEKS. 



VtH^'Ut, mh ^' LOMG TO THE GoVSBNOB. 

Hir; 
Klchmori/I HoiniL/ inrorrnod that Mr. liOwiH who wu8 appointed to the eoniraand 

oC fi (Jornpiiny M) ho rftlnod for the defence of the Southwestern frontier 
hdfl roftlgned, nnd that prohahly some other person will be appointed in 
IiIh rootn, I take the liberty of offering myself as a candidate, and should 
1 ho fortunate enough to he thought a proper person to fill that oflSce, it 
nil all ho my (Irtut object by my most unremitted endeavors to pi*ove that 
t am nut unworthy of such an important trust. 

With the highest rcKpoct and esteem, 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most Obedient, humble Servant 



\S^^n\ ml\ Jamr8 Uawkin8 n^ the Governob. 

»Siv : 
Wi>lf^i\^\H ' '^'^'' ^^^^ hot^or lo roceivo your (kvour of the 10th of last month, 

Wnmly mtx>mni\g of my Mng nominatoil OaplAin of one of iho companies to 
Ih» t^^d^l h^r the dcfon*^ of iho Frontiorsi. I take ibc cnriiest opert^i- 
t\\iy lo M^ity lo yonr RxcoUoncy my nccept^moo tbercoC should I be 
hO!^i>r<»d wUh that ap|>*Mntment. In con^teqiioiioe of yoor letter, have 
oomm<^)vc<Hl ih<^ tnK*r\titing bu!»inc8!^ and engaged fifteen men of the 
<sMWjviiny t «t«rwd in, nono of whowi resides in the countysyou mention; 
tb^' hallanoo <vxj>oci to <*nb*5t in thif^ part of tlie coontry. 

t bnw tho Honor t*^ ho. Sir, with mnrh respect, 

Yonr Kxoe]k»ncT'*s vctv HomhW Serr't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 179 



John K. Read's Pstition to the Gtoysrnor, in behalf of his nbqeo 1792. 

Jeffert. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the Hon'ble Council of Virginia : Decern. Gttx 

The Petition of John K. Read humbly sheweth, That your Petitioner 
feels himself much distressed at a sentence passed upon a slave of his 
called Joffry, by the County Court of Henrico, to suffer for perjury, be- 
cause in the first place he is not satisfied of his guilt, and in the second, 
he apprehends the decision to be illegal, the Gentlemen of the Bar 
having informed him that two witnesses at the least are necessary to 
convict of perjury, and from the statement of facts there cer- 
tainly was but one. He therefore humbly prays the punishment may 
be remitted so far as it extends to cutting off his eara. If a doubt 
should arise respecting the law, your petitioner prays to be heard by 
Counsel as to that point, & that his punishment may be respited until 
your Hon*bl Board may be thoroughly satisfied, and your Petitioner as 
in duty bound shall ever pray, Ac. 

Being applied to by Doct'r Jno. K. Read to state what circumstances 
& facts were before the County Court of Henrico at the trial of Harry 
a negro man, slave, the property of Joseph Kay, charged with admin- 
istering Poison, to do which, it may be necessary to state a previous 
circumstance. A Court of Oyer and Terminer was held for the trial of 
Jeffrey, a negro man, slave, the property of Doct'r Read, charged with 
having aided and abeted the said Harry by supplying him with a bottle 
of crude mercury. A servant man, the property of Mr. Leighton Wood, 
of Hanovor, gave evidence to the following purport: That he was work- 
ing in the family of Mr. Kay, that being about to come to town upon 
business relative to the plastering of an adjoining Room to the Apothe- 
carie's Hall, occupied by Doct'r Read, the said slave Harry a])plied to 
him with a half bitt, requesting him, the said servant of Mr. Wood to apply 
to Doct'r Read's man, Jeffrey, pay him the said money and ask for 
something which he, the said Joffrey, had promiHod to send the said 
Harry. That ho accordingly applied, gave him the money, & rec'd a 
phial of something very heavy, which he said he shuck but found 
it would not foam. That the said Jeffrey desired him not to let the 
white people see the contents. That upon returning home, the said 
Harry asked for what he had been sent by Jeffrey; that he suspecting 
the said Harry's intentions to be bad, refused upon several applications 
to deliver the said Phial, but at length the said Harry observing it was 
for a man who had given him money to procure medicine, & that he lay 
at the Rope walk suffering much indeed for the want of it, & that he, 
the said Harry was ashamed to see the said man for want of the said 
Phial, upon which the said Phial was delivered to the said Harry. 

Doct'r Read proved that the said Jeffrey was in a back apartment of 



180 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. his Hall pounding medicine, and that a Phial of the above description 
Decern. 6th had been missing out of his Hall, upon which Testimony the said Jeffrey 
was acquitted and Discharged, and he introduced as a witness against 
the said Harry upon his arraignment. That being charged by 
the Presiding Judge according to law, the said Jeffrey denied ever 
having delivered such a Phial to the witness above spoken of, & also 
positively denied having rec'd any pay in any manner from him. Thi*ee 
or four witnesses were then introduced, who proved the confession of 
the said Hany that he intended to have poisoned the whole family of 
Mr. Kay, consisting of sixteen whites; & for that purpose had actually 
put the said mercury into some Hash which was prepared for supper, 
(& ol which several of the family eat,) & that Mr. Wood's man had 
brought it from Doct'r Read's Jeffrey at his, the said Harry's instance; 
that this confession was made when Mr. Wood's man was not present: 
that the said witness then examined the said slave of Mr. Wood privily 
and apart from the said Harry, who corroborated the circumh^tance in 
the manner & to the effect spoken of. Those are the principal facts; 
which I at this time can recognize, and upon which the Court sentenced 
Doct'r Read's servant to the Pillory for willful and corrupt Perjury. If 
any particular questions were put, perhaps I ought to be able to answer, 
but at present the above is all that I recollect. 

SAM'L McCRAW. 
6th Dcc'r, 1792. 

At a Court of oyer and Terminer continued and held tor Henrico 
County, at the Courthouse on Tuesday, the fourth day of December, 
1792, for the trial of Harry, a negro man, slave, the property of Joseph 
Kay, charged with administering Poison : 

Present — ^John Pleasants, William Mayo, John Mayo, Thomas B. 
Adams, William Prue, Gent. Justices. 

Jeffrey, a negro man, slave, the property of John K. Read, who was 
sworn, charged, and examined as a witness in the above Trial, appear- 
ing from the Testimony of sundry witnesses to have been guilty of will 
ful and corrupt Purjury, The Court doth order that he be pillored agree- 
ably to law on Saturday next, have both his Ears cut off, and receive 
on his bare back thirty-nine lashes well laid on ; which being done by 
the Sheriff, it is further ordered that he be discharged out of custody. 

The minutes of the proceedings were signed — 

JOHN PLEASANTS, 
WM. MAYO, Jr., 
JOHN MAYO, 
THOS. B. ADAMS, 
WILLIAM PRUE. 

A Copy — Teste: 

ADAM CRAIG, C. H. C, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 181 



John Beale to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

I was present at the last October Court for the county of Botetourt, Decern. 6th 
when Mr. Wilson, Esq., sheriff of this County, came in and notyfycd 
the Court that he should not serve longer than one year. 

I am, sir, 

Your mo. Ob't, H'ble Serv't. 



We, John Ballow, Sheriff of Bath County, Matthias Willson, sheriff Decern. 6th 
of Botetourt County, and John Galbraith, of Rockbridge County — the 
sheriffs of Greenbriar and Kanawha having failed to attend with the 
Polls of those two counties, which with those above mentioned compose 
one entire District, entitled by law to appoint an Elector to vote for 
President and Vice President of the United States, do hereby certify 
and make known that at an Election held on the first Monday in No- 
vember, at the Courthouses of our respective countys pursuant to law, 
the voters qualified to vote for an Elector to choose a President and Vice 
Pi*csident of the United States, caused to be chosen one person, to-wit: 

John Bowyer to represent the said Destriet as an Elector to vote for 
a President and Vice President of the United States. 

Given under our hands & seals this 12 day of November, 1792. 

JOHN BALLOW. [Seal.] 

MATTHIAS WILLSON. [Seal.] 
JNO. GALBRATH. [Seal.] 



James MoGavogk to tue Governor. Deeem. 8th 

Sir: 

I have been honored with a letter Inclosing from you, appointing 
me a Lieutenant in the corps destined for the protection of the South- 
western frontiers; for which I return you my most thanks, in the 

discharge of the duties of this office which I accept with chearfullness. 
Nothing on my part shall be wanting to render effectual the good pur- 
pose those troops are intended for. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most ob't & very H*ble Ser*t. 



182 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. J. R. Robertson to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Decern. 9th I received your letter informing me of my appointment as a Lieu- 

Culpeper tanant in the Troops to be raised for the Southwestern frontiers of Vir- 

"" ^ gi^^ia; for which notice of me, I return your Excellency my most hearty 

thanks, and shall proceed with all possible Dispatch to raise my Quot^i. 

I am your Excellency's most Ob't. 



Decern. 10th Tiios. Lee, Jr., to the Governor. 

Dear Sir : 
Dumfries Mr. Berncrd Hoe, the High Sheriff of this county, conceiving 

under a law of the last Assembly that as High Sheriff of the County he 
is also Goaler ol the District Goal, and may be made answerable for the 
conduct of the District Goaler now acting as such, wiio might be con- 
sidered as his dcj)uty, and not wishing to run an}^ risque of being re- 
sponsible for any but one of his own appointment, demanded of the 
Goaler the keys of the Goal. They were refused, and Mr. Hoc a])plie(i 
to the county Court to order thimi to be delivered to him ; the Court 
determined that they had no power to interfere. Mr. Hoe wishing to 
act up to his duty, and at the same time with strict propriety has sent 
one of his deputies to Richmond, hoping that as the Goaler now^ in pos. 
session of the keys was appointed by the Governor & council & under u 
law of the Legislature establishing District Courts, which appears to 
have been repealed b}'- an Act of the last Assembly, they will take some 
order therein — either by withdrawing their commission, or referring the 
affair to the Legi^^lature for their explanation. I have at the request of 
Mr. Hoe stated the transaction to you, and by a referrence to the laws 
on this subject you will see the confusion it is in, and be the better Judge 
of the necessity of attending to it. 

I am. Dear sir, with great esteem, 

Your very Ob't, Hbl. Servant. 



Decern. lOth At a Court continued and held for Prince William County, the 4th 
Day of December, 1792: 

On the motion of Bernard Hooo, Sheriff of the county af 's'd, to have 
the keys of the District Goal delivered to him by the Goaler of the Dis- 
trict, who holds his commission from the Governor and council, the 



CAUENDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 1^3 



tbt ittHi tttiHcmbiv tijjii ID such cast tbe ItcuJoj i»rtbe c*c»univ >hiill ho \h<- IVvni. li'Uh 
Goaier ai iiit Dinrnta, Tbi- ccinn dtsi^Tm.ircid ihiii liic-v ba^i no power to 

A CojtT — Teste: 

ROB T GRAHAM, C. A. C. 



J. AlTRT.ia TO TBI G0VCU9<NiL IVoCtW, UHh 

Sir 

liiL^ Ereiiiiu; the encloriod k-tlc-r from Mr. Soc-.iv4An^' Jeffor^in was Tn^fcfswn- 
dt'liTer«d to nie. I bei^ leare u» lav it hvlbre vour Excel lone v in i\>Mn> 
fil liud I/O rt»qucst the direct km of ibi* Hon 'Mo Boaixi. 

Y<»ur Exeellencv's nio8t oh'l SorvH, 



WiLLiAJf Calfee axd a. Smyth to thk Ciove&nor. I>ecenu Xdmh 

His Excellency Henry Lee. Esq.. Gov. of Va,: 

Sir: 

We take the liberty to recommend to 3-011 and tbe honorable eoiin- 
cill of state Philip Gainos, of Grayson, as a fit (K^rson to act )U> first 
Sheriff of that county. That Gentleman has acteii aa a Populy to the 
SberifT of Wythe, in the past of the last named County, which is now 
s^truck off, to the great satisfaction of the |>eoplo, and is well qualifioii 
(in our opinions) for the ofiice. 

We have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's H^blo Serv't^. 

To his Excellency the Governor of Virginia and the honorable councill 
of state: 

Tbe Representatives of Wythe County take the liberty of ivcom- 
mending as proper persons to fill the oflSce of Justice of Peace for 
the County of Grayson, \finitreo Jones, Enock Osborne, Flower Swift, 
William Boi*am, Nathaniel Pope, Matbew Dickey, Lewis Hale, & Moses 
Foley. Tbe three first named are already in tbe commission for Wythe, 
but by tbe division fall into Grayson. We conceive it best not at first 
to fill tbe commission too full. If more are found necessary, tbe court 
will be best able to recommend the most worthy. 

We are your most ob't Hiile Serv'ts, 



Nov. 28, 1792. 



WM. CALFEE, 
A. SMYTHB. 



184 CALJB^SDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



1792. Sir: 
Decern. lOih Since oar rccommeDdatioo of persons proper to act as Justices of 

the Peace for the county of Grayson, we have received certain informa- 
tion that Nath1 Frishy^ Esq., hath removed into the said county. He 
IB now in the commission for Wythe, & is a man of respectability. 

Therefore we take the liberty to recommend him as first Justice for 
Grayson. 

We are with respect. 

Y'r Exc'y's H ble Serv'ts, 

WM. CALFEE, 

A. SMYTH. 
Richmond, December 4, 1792. 



Decern. 10th A list of Justices fob Lre County. 

Charles Cox, Joshua Ewing, William Neal, Charles Carter, Isaac 
Christmon, John Hunter, William Ewing, George Gibson. 



Decern. lOth Gbo. Clendiptin, C. L. K., to the Govebptoe. 

Sir: 

Since my last to you forwarded by Colo. Donnally, we are credita- 
bly Informed that on the morning of the 6th of last month, a Body of 
Indians consisting of about Hundred warriors, attacked a party of Ken- 
tucky militia of seventy-five in number, within sight of Fort St. Clair, 
who had been guarding pack Horses with provisions to Fort Jefferson; 
said militia had in charge with them about Two hundred Horses, and 
on their being attacked by the Indians, which happened about day Light, 
they attempted to fight them, but were obliged to retreat with the loss 
of all the Horses, six men killed, and six wounded, who escaped into Fort 
St. Clair. 

Indians has, since my letter as Before Recited, been discovered on our 
Frontier, but have done no Injury as I have yet understood to the In- 
habitants. 

I hear with great pleasure of the Protection allowed our county the 
ensuing year, and Particularly as Captain Caperton with his company 
are to be stationed at the mouth of Coal River, on the Kanhawa. It 
will be in their power to yield ample protection to every part of the 
county of Kanhawa, except those at Belleville and the Inhabitants at 
Point Pleasant. But Captain Lewis, who's Company I am intormed 
is allotted to those places, I trust will bo equal to their protection. 

I have the honor to be with great Respect and esteem, 

Your ExceUencie's ob't H'ble Serv't 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 185 



J. Ambler to th£ Governor, enclosing letter from Richard Bibb. 1792. 

Sir: 

At Mr. Bibb's desire, I take the liberty to lay the enclosed letter Decern. 11th 
before the Hon'ble Council. Mr. Bibb's price is rather higher than the Treasury 
kind of Tobacco he wishes to purchase, sold for at the last publick 
auction, but I am at a loss to determine whether 15 P'r ct. is an adequate 
price for such Tobaccoes now. 

I am with great Esteem and Respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't H'blc Scrv't. 



Mr. Bibb's Tob'o must be at th< 

Gloster Warehouses, 

Potow'k, Rappa'k, York — Upper Warehouses, 

Appomattox. 

Richmond, December lltb, 1792. 

D'r Sir: 

I am in want of about ten thousand weight of Tob'o, or a little 
upwards, to discharge my bond due the publick for a negro purchased at 
the sale in Gloucester, for which Tob'o I will give fifteen shillings per 
hundred, or pay the cash in lieu of the Tob'o at that rate, if it can be 
done. I have deposited the cash with Mr. Robert Pollard of this city 
to whom be so good as to give an answer as soon as possible. 

Am with great respect. 

Your mo. ob't Serv't, 

RICH'RD BIBB. 
Jacqueline Ambler, Esq., Treasurer of Va. 



Colonel Tuos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor, enclosing Letter Decern. 13th 

FROM D. Miller. 

D'rSir: 

The inclosed letter I hope will sufficiently appologize for troub- Norfolk 

ling yV Exc'y on such an occa.sion. Your feelings I am certain must be 

hurt b^' the villainy of the persons who perpetrated the measure. I 

have done all that lay in my power by sending the mother on to claim 

her child, but I had no acquaintance I could rely on near the place she 

is at, and considering it matter of consequence, conceived if you wou'd 

be so good as to write to the Gov'r of North Carolina, that he would 

have Justice done the poor negro. Mr. Jacob Abrams, the person who 

«K>ld her, lives in Richmond, and I hope may be made an example of to 

24 



j^ '<.*^;M-^ «»* -rCLiiia 2-^ 






i u; tfiiKTilH. ^c ;.iiTiiliiiL. -tuc. ilft 17*i 

■'.HA -ioiiu* V? **»l"^ Vi^«nr.iiit 3l^ iiiir.i»tr j^'^'isfe I ittiKj-^-t i\ S^.rs-i^Lk br 
<fi.». 'Utintt^ Ai^ t^ur) TtiKanftiAt fiiH 'vi^ ^riiiniL imn. -luic ^uiam- ^•:<ei ctglit 
)^i^f 4^v 'i^ •'f«»AK Jt v»n,ijuu. 1. 2>ii«Miitr. loic init vi*ii»ef Stk^^p. and 
^j^yj(X^» 'A 'i4»« ^a**^ utic «'.ti: i» ii hu.^^^ a i.il ^ii.. iin^isiilsitfd with 
^ji^ jf'jr*. --ii«tj^':i.jr ?»y»tC "• r'jt itj ii«i«Li«ir ifrimm txr^sit ]riair«w I &p|^v'ti to 
1^ If 4»j^*«n#t»>: *jV jf^» !•«- X^i#*if*r,i*fC to- iLj vstizniiAx ajiS ii*e icsizibodv of 

■^ imW/ i^*^^ ^;i^umiA.'V^ « hi wr s«9li»cr. tvci lii^ »jiC9«trmte mfonned 
M^v <U: A//«¥W ^^'z f^A%i:u% ^^jTt CoBTi. vLx^ » »ext OttobcT: and as it 
Wi^i $^A f^ iu my yfmK€ u> be Ltar tJbMu h^ tLe fiiToor of yoa to find 
ffh^ ^ m^/^U^ tf i^0im\A^, %tA mtud bcr u> WOaiingtoii bj water — from 
wt^f^^^ m^M *<%$$ *:9kf^\y |(K l/> tL» pU^e; and it viQ be neceesaiy she 
^i^H$Ul Muf( HftsfUftiUMh 'A her fre«^#m. mmA hr which means she may 
fM^4t^Hf Si^ tiUM Thifm pe^^fle brought oi some other voang negroes 
M^' M^^ n^m^ i49m% wUMt in all probability are either &ee or stolen from 

*t*Uti \nuntiti that bttv«; the girl in possession treat her in the most bar- 
hnfftun ihHiiiwr. U you will write to Mr. John Xevison or Doctor Tay- 
1//^ Hi Norfolk Uf iMh effm^if I make no doubt they will interest them> 
milvMn In tint affair, an i\wy know the mother, a<id I beleive the Daughter, 
iftfMl ft will, I ho|Ms, \m tt meaiiM of bringing the villains to Justice. 
Am ffooii nn yon <taii got any information respecting the matter, please 
writit In Mr* h(Ht UuKoyMon, of thiH place, who has promised me to see 
tlin (tlH J Mi»tln«t donn. Knowing your humanity and desire to do Justice, 
limkufi mo li'ouhlu yuu on tliin occasion. 

I uni) MJri with Respect, 

Y'r ob't Servant, 

DAVID MILLER. 
(Sill rhiMiipUm 'rruvln, Wmnburg, Va. 



i 



CALBXDJlR of STATK PAPfclRS. JjJJ 



To the Cvoreraor 4 Cottneil ol the St;ite ot Vau: 



of TaleoUbe Merriwether. ot' Louisa Couuiw ^h%^w^h» IVwtii. l;$kh 
that TOOT memorudisl fio^ hioii^elf ch:ikr^^Mi wiih i^rt:iiii ittu:»(er dn^ 
under the Liw» of ihe huid tor non-appeantuw of muster dut\\ luf^ will 
appear by sondree Tickets^ pcud the SberttT \>t' Loub^i. The oht^r^^et^ ia 
ihe year 1787^ in July 4 September, at which time your {petitioner was 
out of his county 4 knew not ot the musters aforesaivl« never having 
been warned thereto but once in his Iife« i% in the month of March, ITSS^ 
& November, 1788. was then still iirnorant of the dav on which the com- 
pauy were mustered. Tour petitioner offers to your Honours as a reason 
why he did not appear and make his excuse to the court-martial> wa» 
that he knew not the day of the Court-martial till long aAer the ttn^ 
Were imposed; at which time your petitioner was informeii by one of 
that Honorable body that no muster>tinee could or would be remitttHl by 
a pryor court-martial, k in consequence whereof your |H>titioncr doth 
conceive himself under the consideration of your Honorn, vt prays that 
your Honors will consider his case & grant such relief as you may think 
reasonable, Just, and right. & in duty bound your petitioner will ever 
pray, Ac. 

Louisa County, sc. : 

Mr. Valentine Merriwothor ap|>eareil befoiv a Justice of the Peace 
for the eolinty aforesaid. & deposed to the above as containing a Just, 
true state of facts, as Given under my hand, this Kith Day of l>iH»ombor, 
1792. 

THOMAS SMITH. 



Charles City County, sc. : 

I send you herewith the body of Will, a negro man, slave, the Dw^em. I4th 
property of Elizabeth Archer, taken and brought before mo for murder; 
and the said Will having before mo confessed the same, thoroforo 1 com- 
mand you to receive into your custody the said Will, and him safoly 
keep until he shall be discharged by duo course of law. 
Given under ray hand Jk seal this 14th day of November, 1792. 

WILLIAM ROYALL. [Seal.] 

A Copy — ^Testo: 

OTWAY BYRD. 



188 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Charles City County, sc: 

Decern. 14th November the 14th — this day was brought before mo, WiUiara 

Royall, a magistrate for the said County, Will, a negro man, slave, the 
property of Elizabeth Archer, who together with Jack, Bundy, & Dick, 
three other slaves, who being charged with the murder of James Crew, 
a Labourer, and the said Will being examined according to law, did 
acknowledge that he was on Sunday, the Eleventh of this instant, be- 
tween the hours of seven and nine o'cPk in the morning on the Planta- 
tion of Charles Carter, Esq., present when the said Crew advanced to 
the spot where the said negroes were; Jack presented, fired, and killed 
the said Crew, and that after the death of the said Crew, the said Will 
did approach the body of the said Crew & took fi'om it the Hat & Gun. 

WILLIAM ROYALL. 

A copy — Teste: 

OTWAY BYRD. 

Charles City County, to- wit: 

Charles Copeland, deputy attorney for the Commonwealth in this 
county, comes and gives the court to understand and be informed That 
Will, a negro man, slave, the property of Elizabeth Archer, not having 
the fear of Grod before his eyes, but being moved & seduced by the insti- 
gation of the Devil, on Sunday, the Eleventh day of November, in the 
year 1792, in the morning of the same, at the Parish of Westover and 
county aforesaid, was present aiding and abetting Jack, a negro man, 
slave, (by his intormation, the property of John Jordan of North Caro- 
lina), with force and arms, in and upon one James Crew, labourer, in 
the peace of God and the Commonwealth of Virginia, when the said 
Jack so aided and abetted by the said Will, feloniously, wilfully, and of 
his malice aforethought, did then and there discharge upon and against 
him, the said James Crew, a certain hand gun of the value of 20sj then 
and there being charged with Gun powder and one slug and some small 
shot, which said Gun the said Jack (so aide<i and abetted by the said 
Will) then and there held in his hands^ by reason of the discharge of 
which said Gun that was so discharged as aforesaid, said Jack, the said 
Will being also present aiding and abetting, at the Parish and county 
aforesaid, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did 
strike, pierce, and wound the said James Crew, upon the left hip of him 
the said James Crew, with the said slug and small shot discharged from 
the said Gun by the said Jack, (aided and abetted by the said Will) 
so as before related, and did feloniously of their malice aforethought, at 
the Parish & county aforesaid, give to the said James Crew one mortal 
wound with the said leaden slug and small shot discharged from the 
said Gon by the said Jack, (aided and mbotteil by the said Will) as is before 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 189 



related, upon the left hip of him, the said James Crew, of the length of 1792. 

one inch and depth of four inches, of which said mortal wound the said Decern. 14th 

James Crew in a few minutes died, and that the said Will was present 

aiding and abetting the said Jack when the said Jack did feloniously 

and of their malice aforethought, kill and murder the said James Crew 

in the manner and form aforesaid against the peace and dignity of the 

said Commonwealth of Virginia. 

A Copy — Teste: 

OTWAY BYRD. 

To his Excellency Henry Lee, Esq'r, Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Virginia: 

We, the subscribers. Justices of the Peace in the County of Charles 
City, who set on the trial of Will, a negro man, slave, the property of ^ 
Mrs. Archer, as in the record hereunto annexed is stated, do beg leave 
to entreat your Excellency in behalf of the above slave, and observe 
that since the condemnation of the said Will, we have been informed 
that he, aided by two other slaves did apprehend and deliver to Justice 
Jack, a negro man, who actually murdered James Crew, as appears by 
his confession in the record above mentioned. We conceive from the 
circumstances since communicated to us, that Will made the confession 
of his being present when the murder was perpetrated by Jack in ex- 
pectation that he should be exonerated from any pains or penalties 
which the law might inflict on him for the part he had acted, and that 
his testimony would go to convict Jack. This inference is evident since 
by his particular exertions Jack was brought to trial, and without 
which in all probability be would have escaped. On these considera- 
tions and that of his having only in this particular instance transgressed 
the laws that has come to our knowledge, and being yet of tender age, 
we pray your Excellency to grant a pardon in his behalf, and that he 
may be acquitted and discharged. 

BEN. EDMONDSON. 
WILLIAM LIGHTFOOT. 
JAMES SOUTHALL. 
JOSEPH VAIDEN. 
STITH HARDYMAN. 

In addition to the circumstances above mentioned, I beg leave to 
make an observation or two on the policy as well as the morality of the 
subject. I cannot conceive it morally right that he who is only guilty 
of a small transgression in being in company with a murderer, and 
being willing to expiate his own offence by rendering to Justice the one 
guilty of so heinous an offence, should be condemned to die as a mur- 
derer, when in relating a story so involved in his own misconduct, it 
was scarcely possible to avoid convicting himself of the offence at least 



190 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. of boing in bad company. That be is a slave and not so much protected 
Decein. 14th from the passions and prejudices of those who have been used to exer- 
cise absolute authority over half the human race, and therefore hard 
indeed if no appeal could lie to the seat of Mercy so wisely instituted b}' 
our Government, where cool and dispassionate reason and Justice will 
preside. As to the policy, I ask what probability will there be of future 
discovenes if the person who tuakes them is drawn in to convict him- 
self. 

RO. MUNFORD, 

Atto. for the CVealth on the above trial. 

At a Court of oyer and Terminer for Charles City County, held at the 
Courthouse on Wednesday, the 2l8t day of November, 1792, for the trial 
of Will, a negro man, slave, belonging to Elizabeth Archer, charged with 
• aiding and abetting Jack, another Negro man, slave, (by his own con- 
fession the property of John Jerdon, of the State of North Carolina,) in 
the murder of James Crew, a labourer: 

Stith Hardyman, Benjamin Edmondson, William Lightfoot, Joseph 
Vaidon, and James Southall, Gen. Jus. 

The said Will was set to the bar in custody of the SheriflT, to whose 
custody for the cause aforesaid he was committed; and being an*aigned 
of the premises ho said he was in nowise guilty, and for his trial, accord- 
ing to the act of Assembly in such case made, he put himself upon the 
Court. Whereupon, sundry witnesses wore sworn and examined, and 
the said Will's confession, taken in writing before William Royal I, a Gen. 
Justice for this county, being filed, and the said Will being heard in his 
own defence — on consideration whereof, it is the opinion of the Court 
that the said Will is guilty of the crime aforesaid; and thereupon, it 
being demanded of him if anything for himself he had or knew why 
the Court here to Judgement & Execution should not proceed — he said 
he had nothing but what he had before said. Therefore it is considered 
by the Court that he bo hanged by the neck until he be dead ; and it is 
commanded of the Sheriff that he cause execution of this Judgement to 
be done on Saturday, the 22nd day of December next, at the usual place 
of Execution. The Court also valued the said slave to sixty-six pounds. 

(Signed) STITH HARDYMAN, 

BENJAMIN EDMONDSON, 
WILLIAM LIGHTFOOT, 
JOSEPH VAIDKN, & 
JAMES SOUTHALL. 

A copy — Teste: 

OTWAY BYRD, e. o. 



% 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 191 



These are in the name of the Commonwealth of Virginia, to require 1792. 
you to summon Archibald Bhiir, Esq., a witness on behalf of Robert Decern. 15th 
Crockett in a certain matter of controversy depending in the District 
(^ourt held at Washington Courthouse, between the said Crockett, who 
as well for the Commonwealth as for himself prosecuting, & Walter 
Crockett, D*t't, to Speak on the said matter before us, (who by the Com- 
monwealth's writ are authorized to receive the same,) at the Capitol in 
the city of Richmond, this Evening at five O'cPk. 

Given under our hands & seals, this 15th day of Dec'r, 1792. 

A. B. ROBERTS. 



In the House of Delegates, Decem. 18th 

Tuesday, December 18, 1792. 

Resolved, that the P]xecutive ought to continue such measures (on the 
most economical plan,) in pursuance of the Rosolution of the 16th of 
October last, as may be effectual for the defence and security of the 
Frontiers. 

Resolved, that the Executive should from time to time communicate 
to the General Government the sums advanced for the defence of the 
Frontiers, and require that the same be reimbursed. 



m 



Teste : 



Agreed to by the Senate. 



A Copy — Teste: 



CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 



H. BROOKE, C. S. 



CHARLES HAY, C. H. D. 



Sam'l Coleman's Report of Captain Andrew Lewis' Company. Decem. 19th 

The papers of Captain Andrew Lewis, commander of a company of 
volunteer militia & a detachment of militia, being submitted to mo tor 
examination, I beg leave to Report that instead of a muster-Roll, such 
as was contemplated by the Executive in their Instructions of the 12th 
of December, 1791, corresponding in name, time of entry into service, 
&c., with the pay-abstract to be made on the Oath of Colonel Cowan, 
who was appointed to muster the Company in under the command of 
Captain Lewis, so soon as the same were recruited and assembled for 
service, only a certificate of Colonel Cowan is presented, stating that on 



192 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. the 17th day of March he had mustered a complete Company, consisting 
Decem. 19th of 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 1 Ensign, 4 Sergeants, 4 Corporals, two 
musicians, four scouts, and sixty-six rank & file. 

With what propriety this certificate may bo considered as a substitute 
for a muster-RoU, is submitted to the Board. 

In addition to this, and sinco I had gone thus far in the report, a Roll 
containing the names and rank of the men only, said to be of Captain 
Andrew Lewis' Company of volunteer militia, as mustered by Col. 
Cowan on the 17th and 30th ol March, 1792, is handed in by Mr. Kent, 
who upon oath declares that he saw Colonel Cowan muster and inspect 
the above-mentioned men in Russell County, on the days before men- 
tioned. 

Captain Lewis's muster Roll in the discharge of his men and pay roll 
for his company, including Ensign Campbell's command, only corres- 
pond. 

The Detachment of Militia which was ordered to reinforce him, has 
never been mustered at all. The pa}*" roll is authenticated by the oath 
of the officer commanding the men, and the certificate of the County 
Lieutanant. To this pay roll there is annexed a charge of mileage, sub- 
mitted to the approbation of the Executive. 

I make 30,744 rations necessary for the support of the whole of the 
troops under the command of Capt. Lewis. 

SAM'L COLEMAN. 

December 19th, 1792. 

N. B. — Before the Board decide upon this business, Captain Lewis 
wishes to be permitted to make some observations. 

S. C. 



Decem. 19th Samuel Coleman's report op Captain Preston's Company. 

Council Upon examining the pay roll of Captain Preston's company of Volun- 

omce ^QQj, jniiit,ia^ under the command of Lieutenant Robert Crockett, fi-om 
the 21st of September, to the Ist day of December, 1792. I find it cor- 
responds with the muster roll, both of which appear to be properly 
executed and authenticated, except as to the militia, whose services are 
ascertained only by the oath of Captain Crockett. 

I make 7,390 Rations necessary to support the troops under the com- 
mand of Lieutenant Crockett, from the time Captain Preston letl the 
command until the troops were discharged. 

Captain Preston's scouts have their services ascertained by the oaths 
of Capt. Preston & Capt. Crockett. 

There are 448 rations claimed by the officers of Captain Preston's 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 193 



company from the Ist January to the 5th of March inclusive, for which 1792. 
vouchers are adduced in favour of the contract, but the vouchera upon Decern. 19th 
which the contractor settled with the auditor for rations agreeable to 
the pay and muster rolls settled by Captain Preston up to the 21st of 
September, being mislaid, it cannot be ascertained whether those rations 
have not already been settled for. 



Geo. Penn to . Decern. 20th 

Sir: 

The law for relief of owners of entries in the county of Henry has 
not been fully carried into effect, inasmuch as Dispositions Respecting 
sundry claims to Land in Virtue of the said act have not been taken. 
I therefore hope two commissioners may be appointed for each of the 
counties of Henry & Patrick to take such depositions. Persons proper 
in Henry, I conceive are Joseph Martin, John Redd, John Dillard, John 
Marr, George Waller, Henrj' Lyne, George Hairston, John Staples & 
David Lanier; and in Patrick, Archelaus Hughes, Abraham Penn, Wil- 
liam Banks, James Lyon, James Armstrong, William Carter, Charles 
Foster. Samuel Clark, & Francis Turner. 

I am, Sir, with respect. 

Your H'blo serv't, Ac. 



Andrew Lewis to the Governor. Decem. 22d 

To his Excellency the Governor & the Honorable the members of the 

Council: 

The memorial of Andrew Lewis humbly sheweth, That your 
memorialist is informed that the Hon*ble the Executive have refused to * 

permit him to receive for his company the pay to which they ai-e enti- 
tled for their services on the Frontier. He feels himself so much embar- 
rassed by this decision, & is so persuaded that the public service must be 
con»idoi*ably injured by it. That he hopes the excuse of your Hon' bio 
Board when he prays for a revision & reconsideration of the subject. 

Your memorialist has produced the mustei-roll of his company when 

they were discharged, shewing the service actually performed by them, 

which roll is sworn to by the muster-master & your memorialist. He is 

further willing to give his bond with such security as may be required, 

obliging himself to produce any further Testimony which is attainable 

for the establishment of the fact — the existence of which he knows so 

positively. The objection to the payment he understands is that the 

first muster-roll is not produced. 

25 



194 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Your memorialist bumbly states that bo bad never beeu informed by 

Decern. 22d any order of your Hon'ble board, or otborwiae, tbat sucb a roll was 
necessary to bo furnisbed by your memorialist; tbat be bas thought 
tbere was no baxard in pledging bimself to bis solders tbat their pay 
sboidd bo I'eeeivod, because be conceives tbat the testimony be offers of 
their service must bo completely satisfactory. Your memorialist con- 
ceives tbat independent of the wound inflicted on his feelings by this 
decision, the gotwl of the service will be much affected thereby, because — 

1st. It will bo impossible to convince the soldiery tbat the Govern- 
ment wishe<l to deal fairly' by them, & consequently their Confidence in 
the Executive will be much impaii'ed, if not totally destroyed; this will 
lead to the sale of their claims for almost nothing, & must necessarily 
encrease very much the difficulty of enlisting good men, & at the samo 
time diminish their ardor for the service. 

2nd, As a number of them have been re-enlisted under a positive 
pix)miso of being paid their arrears. They rely on tbat fund to enable 
them to provide those articles which are necessary to enable them U) 
perform their duty to its utmost extent, & will consequently bo incapa- 
ble of that sen^ice which might otherwise be expected from them. 

3rdly. The recruiting otticers can no longer pi*omise anything on tbe 
part of the Government, nor would their promises, if made, be credited. 

4thly. Your memorialist will be compelled to break tbat engagement 
which, as their commanding officer, be bas made with his company, & by 
doing so must forfeit their respect & confidence in him, & of consequence 
a great portion of tbat authority which the public good so much requires 
to be supported. 

5thly. The Contractor will be Compelled to break all bis engagements, 
the result of which will inevitably' bo that future supplies will bo more 
precarious. 

Your memorialist bumbly prays that for these i*easons the determina- 
tion here complained oi may be reconsidered, & the money due bis com- 
pany may be furnisbed him. And be will ever pray, &c. 



Decern. 22d J- Amblkr, Auditor, to the Governor. 

Auditor*8 The auditor beggs leave to submit to the bon'ble the Executive, the 
office propriety of complying with the request contained in the Enclosed Let- 
ter. If they approve of it, I will forward the books by Ist safe convey- 
ance, or if none such should offer soon, perhaps the bon'ble Board may 
think it of importance sufficient to Justifie the oxpence of sending on 
some person with them. 



CALBNDAft OF STATE PAPERS. 196 



Chas. Cameron to the Governor. 1792. 

Sir: 

Agreeable to the Request of the Executive, I Imve mustered the Decern. 22d 
Department under Lieut. Thompson, and have transmitted the muster- Bath county 
Rolls by him. 1 have also sent an account of the Rations furnished for 
their use & ammunition, &c. If payment can be made Lieut. Thompson 
will pass his Receipt for me, which will be sufficient. 

I have the honor to be. 

Your Excellency's most Ob't Servant. 



A. Lewis to the Governor. Decern. 22d 

Sir: 

Agreeable to my instructions rcc'd for recruiting soldiers to serve Richmond 
for one year in the defence of the Houthwestern frontiers, on the Day on 
which my company was discharged, the Different officers belonging to 
it reinlisted about fifty; some of which are now on furlough — the Bal- 
lance are on Duty at Fort Lee, where I have ordered the soldiers as en- 
listed to be sent, and wait your further orders. I think it necessary 
that the Troops for Powell's valley should as soon as raised be sent there; 
the people b}' no means think themselves safe. Capt. Neale of course 
must be continued in that place, & shall order Capt. Crockett's company 
to his assistance as soon as raised. T think Capt. Hawkins' and my Com- 
pany will be sufficient for the other Frontiers exposed ; shall also bo 
glad to know how many scouts are to be allowed, that I may have them 
engaged, as much depends on the conduct of those men, and number in 
8ervice; also how ammunition is to bo procured. I beleive there is not 
on the Frontiei-s of public powder one p'd left — sent for my Company 
two hundred and Twenty-four p'ds. I have to* the soldiers now enlisted 
engaged their pay to go on from Re-enlistment; in that case, would it 
not be well to appoint a muster-master, and once a month to attend at 
beadquartei-s and muster the different Detachments as sent out, untill 
the companys are complete; by this time numbers are, I suppose, wait- 
ing for orders. My Quota when I left home wanted but four. 

I have the Honour to be, 

Your Excellency's mo. Ob't Scrv't. 



Archer Branch to the Governor aitd Council. Decern. 23d 

The Petition of Archer Branch humbly sheweth, that your petitioner 
is malieiooslj suspected of a felonious attempt of house-breaking, (when 



196 CALENDAIl OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. no damage 18 sustained,) yet am denied the express benefit of the laws 
Decern. 23d of the State in the Justice of Bail by the Court of Chesterfield county; 
in consequence of which, }our humble persecuted petitioner is confined 
in Jail in the city of Richmond — chained to the floor; b}' which I Ex- 
perience the most excruciating pain from mj^ painful position, and the 
severity of the season. 

Your unhappy petitioner prays the mercy of your honoui-s towards 
him — insomuch that you will mercifully consider his situation & direct 
the keeper of said Goal release mo from the floor, & Grant me the liberty 
to walk in my room. 

Trusting in the mercy of your Honour, your petitioner doth humbly 
favoured by — 

Mr. WM. ROSE, Keeper. 



Decern. 23d William Makshall to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond I received your favour of yesterday enclosing a letter from Col. 

Newton respecting the- paupers who have commenced for their 

freedom in Henrico County Court. Col. Newton had communicated to 
me the intention of Mr. Rico to carry them out of the state, which 
would prevent an enquiry into their right to freedom, and requeste<l my 
advice. I have written him, which he will receive by next post. I am 
totally ignorant of the merits of these causes, nor did I even hear a 
sentence on the subject until the very day that I petitioned Henrico 
Court that they might prosecute their actions against Mr. Rice as pau- 
pers. Mr. Roe, of this Town, and the Hon*ble Mr. Selden, w^ho w^ere 
acquainted with them, & thought them entitled to their freedom, 
informed me that a Mr. Rice had had them taken up and lodged in the 
Richmond Jail as runaway negroes, an J threatened to send them out of 
the state, and at their request 1 obtained the order of the Court, which 
Col. Newton refers to, with respect to the power of the Executive to 
Interfere. I should suppose if necessar}^ they might exercise it, but I 
consider it a duty encumbent upon every Justice of the Peace within 
the Commonwealth to step forth on such an occasion as this. 

The order of the Court is that Mr, Rice should not treat them amiss, 
nor take any steps to prevent them from attending the court on the 
trial or obtaining their witnesses or necessary' depositions to support 
their cause. Sending them out of the state is surely an open violation 
of this order in all its parts, and even making a disposition of them 
must be so considered as if they prevail in their action against Mr. Rico, 
yet as their master is charged with Judgement would noi operate against 
him, but they would bo compelled to bring a now suit. I would suppose 
that Col. Newton, as a Justice of the peace, ought to prevent the re- 



CALENDAE OP STATE PAPERS. 197 



moval of Eachcl Greene from the state, because I consider him under 1792. 
the obligation of supporting the order of Henrico Court. Should the Decern. 2:M 
Executive think proper to make any order on the subject, it will be Yory 
pleasing to me, as I wish a fair enquir}^ into the merits of the cause, & if 
they are entitled to liberty they ought immediately' to have it. 

I have the Honour to be, 

with Sentiments of the highest respect, 

Y'rs. 



An Act To provide more effectually for the collection of the Public Decern. 23d 
Taxes in certain cases : 

Whereas it hath been represented that in many of the counties in this Preamble 
Commonwealth no person hath undertaken, or would undertake the 
collection of the Public taxes payable therein, so that the same still 
remain due and unpaid by the inhabitants thereof. For remedy whereof, 

Be it Enacted by the General Assembly, that the Governor with The execu- 

advice of the Council, shall, and he is hereby required to appoint and **^® ^to^' 

commission proper persons to collect the taxes of every county in this appoint 

Commonwealth, where no collector hath been appointed and undertaken collectoreof 

' * taxes m 

the same by giving bond and security. And the person or persons so certain 
commissioned, shall, before he or they proceed to the collection of the cou^f-i^s 
Public Taxes, give the like bond and security as is directed in the case 
of Sheriffs either in the Court of the Count}' in which he resides, in the 
Court of the County of which ho is appointed collector, or before the 
Executive. Every bond taken pursuant to this act, shall be as effectual 
to all intents & purposes as those entered into by sheriffs for the collec- 
tion of the Public Taxes. 

And whereas no commissioners have been appointed in several coun- And com- 
tics, and from the neglect of commissioners in returning a list of the ^ '^ertaJn 
taxable property in several other counties, by reason whereof no collec- the taxable 
tion of the Public taxes have been or could be made. For remedy P^P^^^^y 
whereof, 

Be it further enacted, that the Governor, with the advice of 
council, shall appoint three discreet and proper persons in each county 
coming within the purview of this act, whose duty it shall be to enquire 
into and ascertain the taxable property in such county, (whore the same 
hath not been done) on which arrears of taxes are still due, a copy of 
which return shall be delivered to the collector or collectors qualifying 
under this act, and one other copy transmitted to the Auditor, from 
which list the collector shall proceed to collect the said taxes, and 
account for and pay the same. 

And Be it further Enacted that if any commissioners appointed by 



Y^ 



f AL9,^hA9i 09 *TaT£ PaPRH:?. 



*if/^m^r»f, f^ f^il^^l u» p^y th^ \/Sk\%u<ift dn^, on anj a*!t-r>fini Hy h ti rvn- 
f}^f^^l ^v^ry «iK'K ^^»frim»«^i//Tief. or the ftxe<rtitoi3 or a»lminL'*irat»'.ri' ••!" 

ffr f.K^ frftfriA fff ihp( ^ !^rmmortWt'.%hh frjr the recoTery ot anj b^ance 
trhr/'h tftny rMun\u in f»i« ^/r their hand*. 

Ar»'f h^ i^ fnrih^r ^na/^Wl that th^ Kxef:uUre be, an^i thev art- her^bv 
nu^hffry/^*A hii*\ f^J\nSft*A Ut f'HUf¥'. all Je^l way« ami mean^ to h»e exertevl 
wHh/»rM 'h'Ifty for Ih^? «|H?<!'ly an/l <rff<x;taal rcrcovcry of all debts and 
brtl/lrf^^«r of /^vi'ry d^'nornination, dne and owing to the Com men weal ih. 
and tiinUt* imrfl'^fdar rv]Hin (A' Ih*? ftitiiation thereof to the next session 
of {hi* 0<?n<'r-id Snmsm\*\y. 

*VhU Si'\ ilinll ''onini<«n''<* and b<* in force from and after the passing 

f llM'/'Of 



1702, Drn'MiMhiif^ Z3rd. 

l'ii«<mMl IIm* Hi'niiUt with arnondnM^nlM. 

1 7112. hoc. 2tH. 

PaHt<(M| iliM lloiimMd' lh*U*^lUON. 



H. O. BROOKE, C. S. 



C. HAV, C. H. J). 



In tho II0U8C of Delegates, 

Pccembor 24th, 1792. 

lVn»m. SW»I llennlvo«l» ihiU fho public )>rinlor bo dii^iotod lo print immediately 
Ibnv bnndtvil ooplem of \h\A\ of ibe Arts for imposing a publie lax for 
tbi> yi^rtv IT02, rotuwtiing tbo feo« of «vrlain officers, and declaring the 
Wiode of di«< Imt'^ln^ ibe »aid fecM and conniy Icvie.s; concerning Execu- 
iii^nn and l^u* the wlief 0I tnMolvenl l>ebioi-s; Arninging ibe Counties 
of ibii^ ^N>mnu>nNv*HiUb into OisinctT^ to choose Tlepre.scni;itive^ to Con- 
p[iv!t«; 1i>r app«N>pnntin^ tbo rnblio Kevonne, it: for regrilaling ihe mili- 

Teste 

CHAKLRS HAY. C H D. 

\^% iv,^'., 2^tb. 

Ajr^wd to by the Senate. 

n BROOK, r s 

A copy— Teste: 

OHARLKS HAY, i\ H R 



CALEXI>AK OF STATK IWrKKa 1^ 



Chas. WiXLS TO THE Gtn'WiKoR. 17;v2. 

Sir: 

I take ibo liherlv of rocommendinir to vi>nr KKocUor^cv for oitkvr* IVsvw. ?44h 
for Ohio County Ran^rss John Mci\>Uook, l^^pt. ,T<v^^ph Biiffi^. S^^nj'ts KH>hY^tt>«h^ 
Wiiiiam Bogfl^ft, Eo^iga, Francis Mci>uii\\ or John O/onn^'lU Jun'r. Kn- 
sij^rn. Surgeon for the Districi Gcorije Whilo> qimrtor-m^^stor, j^^-mAnt^^r, 
and Adjutant I will undertake mvitdf it ap|>ointcd, 

I have the honour lo he, sir. 

Your most oh't ^^ Itumhlv 8i>rv't-, 

Richmond, IKHX^mlHM^ 2t>, !T'J2, 

Sir: 

As wi; i-annol agi^ee in a|>)H)intin^ such poisons ainon^ outxolvcn a«^ 
to fill the place of Capl., Lieut., and Knsijjn; I thoivfoiv tukc iho hboHy 
to recommend Francis McGuire, Capl.; William \Vclln, I.iout.; William 
Bogg8, Ensign, an 1 have good Reasons to bcloivo a n»i\jt)nty of the tlnvo 
compunys will be on the Ohio. I wish to have o(Wcei>* in my own county 
to command my own frontier. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most ob't, 

OIIAS. VVKIihH. 



Charles Moss, Goalkr, to thk Oovkknuu. lMH*tn. SJ7th 

Sir: 

This will informo your Excellency that the hint Evening ihreM prjn- HiiffnlJi 
oners charged with felony in this Goal made their cMi'tipe— theli' niitmm 
and description is hereby transmitted. The Hittmtion of our Goal I pro- 
Bumc you are no stranger to, as a full dcHcriptton thereof wah ^ivott on 
the escape of William Towc, and no altoration hImco — oidy a plank M 
wall surrounding it. It will not be improper, I persurno, to iiiloruw 
your Excellency that they were sufficiently hand-<:uffe<l and fettered and 
as securely as p<»ssible, but ujMjn search aft4;r their o«u;ft|H?, f found i\n>m 
Irons sawed in sunder and all but one f/ar left in the G/^1; in that muti- 
lated condition, the manner in which they ma/Je there tm^nim wa# through 
the hearth in which they sawed in fiunder a lar^e bar t/i Iron Hi* U'HmI 
two inches thick. There instrument for this \»ur\tim', rnu^i hav^ \u^$t 
YiiTy efficacious, as nothing ha/1 been pr(pf'j'A9fl*'A fft$ by th^ni at Nin*? 
o^clock, the last night when I visttefi them, arid ha/1 an eKarninnti/zfi. 



200 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS- 



1792. Would it not be proper that a better Groal be provided for purpones ot 
Decern. 27tb this important nature? 

I remain, 

Your Excellency's most obliged Scrv't. 

N. B. — It would be difficult indeed to keep a Guard here, unless the 
criminal were under sentence of Death, but in this case I did not con- 
ceive from the security in which they were placed that a Guard was 
necessary. 

A Description of the Prisoners that broke Joal : 

Daniel Johnson is about thirty years of age, five feet, six or Eight 
inches high, very well set, with a full face, Red Hair and Red Complex- 
ion. Had on a purple brand cloath coat and Breeches. 

Benjamin Wilson is about thirty -five years of adge; about six feot 
high, rather of a thin visage, Paile complexion, and Grura countenance. 
Had on a brown brand cloth and black everlasting bi*eeches. 

Joseph Long is about twenty-five years of adge, five feet six or eight 
inches high, well set, dark hair, fresh complexion, smiling countenance, 
and had on a brown brand cloath Coat and gi'cen Cloath breeches. 



Decem« 27th Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Council The enclosed account is an exact transcript from the books of the 

office Foundery, making the amount duo Mr. John Nicholas to bo £41 17 11<1. 

There is a memorandum at the foot of the account, b^'^ which the 
amount is reduced by the scale ot depreciation at the rate of three for 
one. 

The pioprioty ol this reduction the Board will please to decide on 
afler being informed that the scale contemplates no depreciation before 
the fii*st of January, 1777, and that from July to Nov., 79, inclusive, the 
depreciation is 3 for 1. Of course after the two first entries no (ioui>t 
can arise on the propriety of scaling the balance at a depreciation of 3 
for 1. 

1 have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most ob't servant. 



•-"AJiasDAa. OF .^r^Eis exBtittii 



A^l 















JqIv 



5 pc i. awm I «.»«:to^ 9L ciii paiii. 



30. 
30- 



Dec. 21*. -• 



F;kria'c taciLMnjn r, 



33. I. L< 



Aud Vs oiSce. 29 D^^ '92. 



S^ 


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68. 


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34. 


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0. 


3L 


:^4 


11$^ 


I3L 


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n, t 



J. PKXDLKTOX. AmtY 



Samuel Coleman to the Iioyejunoiu 

Sir: 

1 do nijiM?lf the honor to enelivH? for tho intormntion of tho KxiHMb 
live an arrangement of the militia in ei>nformity to tho law imnsod at 
the late session of the General Assembly for n^ji^ulatin^^ tho militia of 
thin Commonwealth. This arrangement is submitted to iaeilitato tho 
numbering of the Divisions, Brigades, and Regiments as dirootod by 
the said law, in addition to which the Executive are i*oquirod to appoint 
a Captain, Lieutenant, and Ensign out of the present com missioned 
officers in every Battalion to command a company to be donomlnulod 
Grenadiers, Light Infantry, or Riflemen, at the discretion of tho com- 
manding officer of the Battalion, which Grenadiers, Light Infantry, or 
Riflemen are to be uniformly dressed when on duty, as the Kxocutivo 
shall direct. 

The Executive, at their own discretion, are to appoint at lotist one 
Captain and two Lieutanants to command a company of artillery in 
each Division, and a Captain, two Lieutenants, and a cornet to conunand 

2tJ 



IKh\viu. dlM 



tXmuoU 



^Xt L^,,U3I.iii iji *^3a3£ rAPf-ErL 



yitt fe v;.»ii ;ii.i.\ c ':l' 1. r' ki ito*^: : •d*:L Irrj*,. %\, i^j i.> Ajij-»:iii io like 
j:>ri:*.^* J i-. l.;s« • i : lun ' •* : b. .•lij-.t .'fti'-^-r* •jc;»vrik* ■.•iS«.xi> cx- 

■■».-J*l^, I.-. ■ ••. UJ»j*. .L Lift- Ur*iU^ 71iL.I TilJ. liU-'Vi-Ail l-.» I he CoilalilU- 



Y-.'Ur cj*:i>i >t«*i S^-rvanl. 



N 



1792. 
Oct. l*t. David Tal^K/U. 

WilJi»t/^ij TaHxfti. - 
Peler Gmiit. 
Jai*. Dupu\\ 

Geii. BaltJwin. - . . 

IJd Win. NanLslw. 
Wm. WatU, 
Word Jacki^oo. 
3*1 J'>>. DavitiOD, 
JuriH^H Lewclling. 
<JliaH. Bou^b. 
lf«;fi. Garrett, 
hli John licul. 
fitli rjjH. Btfiiiiett, 
♦Jtli John lIo(igeH, 
JHli TliornuH Miller, 
11 ill JuiucH FluHthuni, 
ir)tli John Poindextcr, 
Kith ThonmM Price, 
IHlIi JeHMO Bowib, 
Suni'l Vunco. 
22<l Sum'l Shrewrtberry, • 
2:ir<l John Wharton, 
li'). AK'X. livlo, 

24. Uoh. C'ovven, - . - 

27. (iriltin (iarland« 
ThuM. Nowluu, 



22 


10 


22 


10 


15 




26 


8 


19 


10 


2 


8 


28 


5 


24 


•• 


S 


2 


t 


10 


43 


16 


20 


14 


15 




29 


2 


54 




15 




30 




20 


14 


18 




30 




14 


14 


8 


14 


5(> 


12 


28 


8 


15 




18 





18 


2 8 



CALENDAU OP STATE PAPElTS. 



21)3 



Oct. 29. 

30. 

31. 
Nov. 2. 



Nov 



6. 
10. 
12. 

15. 



IG. 



17. 
19. 
20. 
Nov. 20. 
21. 



9*> 



23. 



26. 



27. 

28. 



James Vance, 
Re u hen Moore, 
John Woodlin, 
Mosefl Greer, 
Hen. TowIcH, 
Josias Jones, 

Ditto., 
Ja.s. Le welling, 
Geo. Rogers, 
iMartin Shearman, - 
Wilson & Hart. 
Wm. Mountjo}'. 
Moss & Wren, 
Thos. Chipps, 
Thomas Jones. 
Peter Guerrant, 
Hudson Martin, 
Ker & Garth, 
Chiusel Claa=icl, 
Wra. Alexander, 
Geo. B. Poindexter, - 
Isaac Bayse, 
Rob't Wooldridge, - 
Wm. Head ley, 
John Gihbs, 
John Binns, 
John Gunnell, 
Beal &; Reid, 
Bennett & Binns, 
J no. S^Mlnor, 
Wm. Head lev, 
Sam*l Hairston, 
Fnin. C(»wherd, 
Geo. Strother. 
Devin k Tompkins, - 
Poage & Dyer, 
Raleigh Loftus, 
Allen & Davidson. - 
Carter & Preston, - 
Seaman k Wells, 
John Beard, 
Wm. Heath, 
Stephen Huddle, 
Ed. Tatum, 
Rogers, D3*ers & Alts, 
Jos. Lyle, 



12 6 


1792. 


2^1 


Decern, olst 


16 3 


9 


18 




1 11 


8 


12 12 




12 6 




7 16 




13 4 


- 


29 2 




74 8 




44 1 




58 8 




6 6 




30 




15 6 




22 4 




34 10 




28 5 




22 8 


6 


39 12 




9 18 




18 




27 




19 4 




30 7 


6 


62 12 




24 7 


6 


67 12 




12 




29 




27 




24 




14 2 




49 18 




13 4 




30 




36 18 




33 




13 10 




18 




18 




18 18 




20 2 




15 12 




11 17 





204 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. Dec. 1. James Bell, 
Decern. Slst 3. Hugh McNcolo}*, 

5. Rich. Taylor, 

6. Josiah Gra^', 

7. Stage Davis, 

John Seger, - 

Braddock Godwyn, - 
J as. Fletcher, 
Thos. Jones, 
12. James Hoge, 
Dec. 17. Wm. Nicholson, 

19. John Cocke, 

20. Tavenor Beale, 

21. Jas. Rogers, 

27. Wm. A. Parsons, 

Offi's of Gov'm't : 

Oct. 1. Judge Tazewell, 
. Sam. Coleman, 
Governor Lee, 
Judge Winston, 

Do., 
Elish Curling, 
Judge Fleming, 
Math. Pate, 

Ed. Pegram, _ . . 

Jacob Woodson, 
Judge Tucker, 

Judge Tyler, . - . 

2. Judge Fleming, ... 
Com. Dawson, 
Jac. Ambler, . - 

3. Hans. Heitman, _ . . 
Judge Nelson, 

4, Sarah Williams, 
Judge McDowell, 

John Carter, . . . 

Judge Prentis, 
Wm. Rose, 
Octo. 5. Jas. Jones, - . . 

Conn. Dawson, 
6. Sam Shepard, 

Antho. Robinson, - - . 

John Pope, 

8. Theo'k Hansford, - 

Jas. Barnett, ... 



9 




10 


10 


27 


15 


21 


18 


15 


17 


18 


4 


30 


11 


64 




30 




17 


14 


18 




43 


16 


20 


8 


54 


18 


21 


12 


75 




50 




200 




75 




25 




G 




10 




10 




24 




22 


10 


75 




75 




65 




29 


10 


125 




37 


10 


75 




3 




30 


5 


25 




75 




6 


5 


45 





20 




25 




1 


5 


7 


1 


4 


6 7 


12 


4 9 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



205 



►cto. 8. Byrd Smith, 
Win. Norvell, 
Chs. Lewis, 
Hen. Banks, 
9. Judge Roane, 
Travis Daniel, 
David Bell, 
Thos, Smith, 
J no. Oliver, 
10. Wm. Bentley, 
Rob. Armistcad, 
John Davis, 
Nath. Fox, 
Rob. Sheilds, 
Judge Mercer. 
Rob*t Snoddy, 
Adam Clement, 
n. Judge Carrington, 
Adam Clement, 
Wm. Pa3^ne, 
Wm. Macon, 
Wm. Ronald, 
Hez. Davison, 
Rogers West, 
Chs. Hay, 

12. Geo. Penn, 
Wm. Allen, 
Conn. Dawson, 
Judge Jones, 
Denny Jones, 
John Mayo, 
Judge Jones, 

13. Chancellor Wythe, 
Jos. Wyatt, 

Wm. Price, 
Geo. Ta^'lor, 
John Stratton, 
Thos. Tinsley, 
Hen. Guy, 
J. Sample, 
Peter Johnson, 
John Pumall, 
Edm'd Harrison, 
Stith Hardyman, 
Judge Wallace, 
Willis Riddick, 



9 17 


9 1792. 


5 16 


Decern. 31ftt 


150 8 




17 14 


6 


20 




7 16 




7 4 


6 


9 2 




11 8 


6 


6 7 


2 


16 


• 


16 5 


9 


8 6 




3 7 


6 


76 




9 4 


6 


9 




150 




9 




7 18 




7 18 


7 


5 17 


2 


5 10 




9 1 


4 


10 




14 4 


6 


10 




13 




30 




8 9 




6 




25 




75 




10 12 


6 


10 12 


6 


5 12 


3 


13 16 


8 


6 19 


6 


9 16 


8 


9 3 


6 


9 8 


6 


9 16 


6 


8 




7 10 




30 




10 8 





3 


lt» 




10 


111 




It; 


4 


r. 


in 


12 





7 


o 


6 


9 


19 




14 


7 




10 






8 


8 




4 


4 




10 






4 


4 





206 f ALENDAn OF STATK PAPEHS. 

1792. <Vto. 15. Theo. llanstWnl. 

r'h?*. Foster, 

An*he!:ius Joffni-H. ... 

J«»hn (tChhIwvii. 

Hart Tucker. 

<teo. IIaiie<x*k. 

Wm. Bree<llove. ... 

J«»s. Bell, 

Tbf>s. RhoaiJes, 
Do., 

Geo. Bnice. 
1»;. Wrii. .Morriss. - - - 10 18 

Rirh. Keiiiioii, - - - 111 

Judge Roane. . . . 

lien. SouthalL 

Chs. B. Jones, - - 

J no. Pope. 

Jos. Chinn. 

Geo. Booker, 

J no. Wat«*on, 

Judife MeDi»well. 

Hu;jjh Capi^rton. . . . 

Arthur St. Clair. 
17. J as. Martin, 

John Red<l, 

Thos. Mathews. 

Elias Langham, . . - 

Roh. RnsM.-ll. 

W. P. Robinson. 

Juflge Lyons, ... 

Roh. White, 

Mathew Cheatham. 

Wm. DrinkanI, 

Meriwether Jones, - 

19. Charles Hav, 
Geo. Smith, 
Wm. ChainlK?rla3*ne, 
J no. Mosclev, 
Peter Tinslej, 
J no. Guornint, 
Sam'l CalK>ll, 
Arch. Oenholm, 

20. Wm. Coffee, 
Wm. Clark, ... 
Roh. Goo«i\vyn, 



15 


IS 


(i 


I» 


!."> 


<; 


11 


5 




5 






12 


19 




11 


16 


10 


10 


16 




50 






19 






2 


2 


6 


16 


2 


6 


16 


12 


6 


36 






10 


12 




15 


6 




10 


t 


9 


75 






15 


17 




8 


17 


10 


5 






9 


16 




20 






:\ 


6 




10 


14 




12 


16 


<; 


75 






10 


2 


<; 


13 


4 


9 


IS 






20 


.> 


6 


13 






13 


1 


•J 



CAJLELNDAR OF STATE PAPEiiS. 20' 



Oclo. 2«>. Abmm Maurv. 

Th»>s. Burke, 
T. CUiiborno. 
Theo. Uaiisii'onJ. 
W. Tibbs, 
Carter Sraxtoo, 
John HadtJoD. 
Mat hew Paire, 
Thod. Paul. 
Stith HarJyiuan. 

22. Wm. DiiT^rtls. 
Edw'd Moore. 
John Colesi. 
Judtjo Roane. 
Christ UanlwiKxi. 
Ph. Taliaferro, 
Thos. Watkins, 

23. Rob. Butt, 
Chs. Haj. 
Thos. Tineley, 
Ch8. Hay, 
Wm. Payne, 

24. Wm. Tate, 
Nat. Wilkerson, 
Wm. MasHenburg, 
Conn. Bogard, 
Richard Blagrove, 
John Smith, 
Hind. Russell. 

El fart Portion. 

25. Wm. Lewi8, 
Matt. Clay, 
David Bell, 

26. Ro. Thi-oek morion, 
John Goodwyn, 
Wn). Price, 

Ja8. Wilkerson, 
Geo. Smyth, 
And. Waggoner, 
Edw*d HarriHon, 
X. Webb, 
French Sli'Other, 
Francis Thornton, 

27. Jos. Carrington, 
Hen. Guy, 



13 10 


6 1792. 


12 1 


3 Deivm. oUt 


11 S 




8 12 


6 


3 10 




14 


7 


12 6 


3 


22 2 


6 


lt> 2 




6 




3 




14 8 




14 




4 16 




12 7 




6 




10 16 




16 18 


6 


16 4 




20 




5 




5 




6 




23 12 


6 


11 7 




13 16 




17 2 


6 


18 




14 19 




15 8 




19 8 


10 


17 6 




19 2 


6 


8 




20 6 




5 10 




6 10 




12 6 




4 




20 6 




6 10 




5 




14 2 




10 6 




15 12 


7 


7 





2U8 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



179± Octo. 27, HrD. Si^utiiall. 
'6lA Stitb llarJyniaii. 

liob'i Ru«c>ell. 

Peter JohD^l<>rl. 

S. Hill. - 

J DO. Allen. 

Tho& Smith. 

Wm. AUen, 

Dmry Jonr*. 

E. Langham. 

J. Wisj; 
29. T. Han^turd. 

T. Click. 

Hez. Ihfcvi<!i*n. 

Bur. Bass«rii. 

l>avi«l Click. 
3i.*. Geu. Hu<toD. 

J. Ri.idick. 

Ro. Butt, 

Sterling Xibletl. 

Geo. Tavlor. 

Chs- B. Jones. 

Ro. Sheilds. 

Dan. McCartv, 

Wm. Mass^nburg. 

Robl White, 

J no. TriiTir. 

Davitj Saunders 

Gec». Hancock. 

Achillas Jeffries. 

Wm. Payne. 

Hind. Rus*^^^. 

Rm. BrtK*kv. 

Bvnl Smith. 

Judge TazvwelL 
31. Juu. Bn.iWD. 

John Stewart. 

John Parson^. 

Matu Muody. 

Ant ho. Robinson. 

Chs. Hay. 

Willis Riddick. 
Nov, 1. Wm. Bentlev, 

m 

Ja&. Egg]esti»r.. 
Wm. Hix. 
Rogers West, 



a 






3 


in 




5 






t 






11» 


14 


7 


i:i 


s 


»: 


9 






10 






1 


IM 




5 






21 


9 


s 


4 


IH 




4 


IG 




9 






12 


i:; 


1 


19 


•■> 




16 


4 




19 


2 




4 






IS 


•> 





> 


In 




r; 


1 


3 


15 


10 




IS 







3 


10 




»; 






It; 


19 


•1 
o 


It.; 


19 


■I 
•J 


« 


10 




I 


in 






10 




•■» 






o 






o 


Ifl 




11 






2o 






:57 


In 




3o 






2:"> 


lo 




21 


12 




o 


5 




1»» 






9 






m 


1«) 




14 


t; 


9 


20 






9 


in 





CAIiENI>AR OF STATE PAPERS. 



209 



Nov. 1. Tho8. Pcttu8, 
Tho8. Tunstall, 
James Bay top, 
Nath. Fox, 
Chs. Wells, 
Geo. Penn, 

2. Willoiighby Tibbs, 
John Overton, 

F. Strother, 
John Hoomes, 
Matt. Page, 
Merriwether Jones, 
J. W. Sample, 
Hen. Towles, 
Wm. Madison, 
Step. Wright, 

3. Wm. Breedlove, 
Wm. Macon, 
Chs. Foster, 
Joshua Chaffin, 
Jno. Purnall, 
Sam*l Han way, 
Jas. Daugherty, 
Chs. Hay, 
Wm. Patton, 
Thos. Claiborne, 
Thos. Ridley, 
Wm. Drinkard, 
Thos. Paul, 
Wm. O. Callis, 
Peter Johnson, 

5. John Richards, 
Esther Turner, 
John Cralle, 
Jos. Lane, 
John Pride, 
John Mayo, 
John Taliaferro, 
Rob. White, 
Arch. Jeffries, 
John Stratton, 

tj, Chs. Hay, 

David Patteson, 
Thos. Mathews, 
Wm. Helms, 



19 13 


3 1792. 


22 13 


9 Decern. 3l8t 


19 12 




11 




32 7 


3 


10 10 




6 10 




25 14 




3 10 




12 6 




6 10 




7 10 




10 




U 13 


9 


14 18 




22 4 




5 




11 10 




9 10 




4 




10 10 




1 11 


3 


1 16 




6 




11 




4 10 




16 3 




12 




10 




19 




3 10 




20 




1 10 




12 




21 4 




37 14 


6 


12 




20 2 




1 10 




3 




12 




4 10 




13 15 


3 


44 




16 13 


4 



27 



CALKNDAB OF STATB PAPERS. 



6. Geo. Smiili. 
Al«x. Siniili, 

7. IIol. Ilodg-.v', 
Nitli. CiIk'H, 
K(l. IlurriKoii. 
Ti-uvis Daiiivl, 



Win. Pi 



ice, 



Duvid Bell, 

8. J>M, Wiikhisuti, 
(ioo. Booker, 
J no. SwuIIh, 
Mall. Pii^L', 
Muniiiiig Roburlsun, 
Mult. C'hcattiiiin, 
John Dunt, 

Geo, iluiicoi-k, 

9. Tbos. Wilttoti, 
Jobii Uui-doii, 
Lmkiii Siiiilb, 
Jas. Bniilby, 
Sum Moreditb, 
Wm. Alloo, 
Alex. St. Ckir, 
Cbs. Huy, 

L'hB. B. JODCH, 

Arcb. Denbolm, 
John Funton, 
HI. S. Eiiniondson, 
T. Clark, 
J. Clark, 
H. CurjuiHicr, 
Juo. Musdey, 
Aich. Woods, 
Carter Biiixtoii, 
Job II Sample, 
Jubn tiuerrant. 
P. CarriiigtoTi, 
Judge Parker 
Sitli Hardyiiiaii, 
Thoa. Tinslcy, 
Overton Cosby, 
Wni. Chirk, 
Thuo. ]IanBlo;'<l, 
Tbijs. Ilundolph, 
Jotthitu CbuHin, 
Wm. Tat*), 



20 18 
23 12 
18 12 



n 


111 


15 


2 


3 




11 


111 


u» 


1ft 



18 13 
17 13 



31 10 
16 11 



18 10 
3 10 



CALENDAR OF STATK PAPKHS. 211 



Nov. 10. Tho8. Paul, 

12. Rich. Lee, 
Chs. Moss, 
Benj. Johnson, 
M. JoneH, 
Wm. Breed love, 
Rich'rd Blji^rovc, 
John Hughes, 
Mat. Cla3% 
N. Drinkard, 
G. W. Smith, 
Ilin. Southall, 

i:^ Win. Cavendish, 
And. Waggner, 
Jiuige Henrv, 

Ditto, 
Drury Jones, 
Chs. Hay. 

Wm. Chamherlayne, 
Roger West, 

U. Rich'd Cary, 
Koh. Snoddy, 
Roh. Throckmorton, 
J as. Bametl, 
Wm. Coffee, 
Peterson Godwyn, - 
Judge Jones, 
J as. Wells, 
H. Caperlon, 
L lid we 1 1 Lee, 
Mat. Wilson, 
Abram Savine, 
Wm. Hutchison, 

15. Zack. Johnson, 
Wm. Diggcs, 
Wm. Pride, 
Martin MeFerran, - 
Wm. Payne, 
Nov. 10. Christ, Haskins, 
R. Mallor}', 
Arch. Woods, 
Ed. Harrison, 
Peter Johnson, 
J as. Garland, 
Wm. Bentley, 
Ed. Powers, 



c; 


1792. 


25 


Decern. :ilst 


2 


8 


24 


14 


5 




5 




5 


10 


24 


2 


1) 




5 




3 




6 




31 


4 







75 




25 




8 




30 




9 




G 


10 


8 


4 


3 


15 


9 


10 


18 


10 


12 


10 


19 


11 


25 


• 


24 


19 


1 


10 


26 


1 3 


3 


12 


1 


10 


2 


8 


21 


8 


12 


10 


8 


9 6 


29 


17 6 


8 




13 


4 


2 


5 


2 


10 


4 


10 


7 




15 


12 


7 


10 


5 





'J12 CALENDAK OF STATE PAPEliS. 

1792. Nov. 10. John Smith, 
iJeireiii. Jlbt TLor*. Tbioi-kmoiton, 

Ed. Powers, 

Tboh. Watkins. - - . 

J no. Dai vis, - - . 

Wm. Lewis, 
17. Ge(». Smiih. - - . 

Abram Maurv. 
David Saunders. 
Sarab Williams, 

Wm. PioketU - - - 15 13 2 

Chs. Hav, 
Ricbard Keunon, 
Wm. Price, 
R«v'd Blagrove, 

Do., - 

Stitb UardTman, 
J no. Price, 
Fmncis Tbornton, - 
Elias Langbam, 

19. Wm. Breedlove, 
Goo. Baxter, 
Wm. Massenburg, - 
Jobn Poiw, 

Judge lioanc, - . . 14 6 

Cbs. Hay, 

20. Dan llyllon, 
Fran. Corbin, 
Tbos. Claiborne, 
Tbos. Paul, 

Nov. 21. Levin Powell, 
David Bell, 
Ed. lierndon, 
Tbos. Goodson, 
Wm. Macon, 
Garrett Minor, 
Irvin Hill, 
Wm. Gooseloy, 
Matt. Page. 
22. Tbos. Paul, 
Ed. Harrison, 

JoH. Cbinn, ... 

Jno. Allen, . . . 

TboH, Jjawson, ... 

Alex. Brown, 
David Clark, - - . 12 



12 


13 


30 




5 




6 




18 


10 


11 


- 


2 


10 


14 




9 




1 




15 


13 


30 




IG 




5 




6 




6 




3 




23 




10 


10 


8 




m 






31 







10 


17 







14 


5 




41 




27 


17 


G 


10 


4 


17 


31 


10 


7 




15 




13 


18 


8 


10 


23 


14 


12 


10 


12 




G 


10 


3 


8 


3 




10 




13 




19 




27 





CALBNDAH OP STATE PAPKUS. 



. 22. Mcrriwotber Jones, 
Artb JeffrioM, 
J. S. Wells, 

23. David CraifT, 
Ro. Craig, 
Wni. Taje, 
Che. &. Jones, 
Tho8, Tinsley, 
Jas. Wilkinson, 
Wm. Hix, 
Drurj Jones, 
Hon. Southali, 
Ben. Johnson, 
Speaker Mathews, 
Rob. Bi-ooktt, 

Wm. Obamberlajne, 

24. TboB. Burke, 

Ro. Throckmorton, 
Conn. Bogard, 
Sam. C&bell, 
Ro. Mitchell, 
Carter Braxton, 
TLox. Watkins, 

26. Judge Tyler, 
Judge Roane, 
Judge Carrington, 
Judge Fleming, 
Willie Riddic'k, 
John Tate, 

Hoz. DavibHin, 
Dan. Hix, 
Geo, Hancock, 

27. Ro. Hitcholl, 
Judge NcIhoii, 
Jas. Wyatl, 
Matt. Moody, 
Judge Tyler, 
Jno. Trigg, 
Jno. Purnoll, 
Jno. Mayo, 
Wm. Drinkard, 
Jofl. Carrington, 
Rich. Loe, 

28. Jno. Haymond, 
Willis King, 
Thos. Smiib, 



4 16 
6 10 



5 10 

5 10 
5 10 



1 10 

7 



13 10 

7 10 



213 



1792. 
Decew. 3lHt 



8 10 
42 14 
8 6 10 






"" * •"_ 



/"l 



:>• 



m •! 


J.t- • - '.- — 


r , 


f,.'»7r *• 


- ^*- 


A '.-A\ 


■ 


:^' •♦ 


- - 


J-ir- 


-■ fc 


.'•'Sjr .... 


^^^ 


^U^* '■ 


1' ' 


:*-rf:.»- 


• !»-'■' 


'? JW- 


r'C*» 


e .* 


^'»Jh-- 


•-: J' '.- "^ 


^;-^ 


-AJ. ;!'i»i': 


r M 


* .1* u» 


■1 . . 





:i» i 



• r 


.■» 


— 




•1 


1 


ll 




• •• 


■ ... 


.^« 


- 


« 




T 


' J 


1 


■ 1 



M* frtyffnttr itifw^. 

run thty 

VVmi N/Mvi'li. 

h I'lllllMflti. 

N hn. 

Will riiiiiPi. 

TIm«o TimiHiiII. 

(Mia Ihiv 

I \u>^ r^MiMli 

,lm*Hli (NiiirtMl, 



JJS 


I* 


^ 




J) k 


« 


14 




3 




:* 




'.« 






17 t; 


II 




3 


10 


12 


12 


3i« 


2 ♦; 


3 


10 


4 


10 


9 


10 


6 




9 




8 


10 


12 


10 


13 




15 




12 




15 




9 




13 


10 


39 


10 


18 


10 


17 




5 


lo 


K 


10 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 215 



Dee. 3. Ed. Harrison, 
John Po|K\ 

4. Elisha Pnte. 
Wm. Allen, 
Wm. Pavne. 
J. Hui^hosi, 
Wm. Hix, 

J. Stewait, 
Geo. Taylor, 

5. Tho. Tinslev, 
Miles King, 
Wm. Price, 
Wm. Madison. 
W. Page, 
Hez. Davis8on, 

6. Will. Gibbs, 
Wm. Massenburg. 
Chs. Wells, 

7. Speaker Pride, 
Wm. Nelms, - 
Ro. Throckmorton, - 
Speaker Mathews, - 

8. E. Paston, 
J no. Smith, 
Nichri. Cabell, 
Ed. Harrison, 
Chs. Hay, 

J. Clarke, 
A. Jettries, 
T. Hanslbrd, 
Wm. Chamberiayne, 
Carter Braxton, 
Slith Hardy man, 
David Bell, 
Geo. Booker, 
Fran. Thornton, 
J no. Early, 
Matt. Cheatham, 
Hen. Southull, 
Elias Langham, 
10. Jonu. Parsons, 
Jacob Conrad, 
John Moseley, 
Rogers West, 
Wm. Madison, 
Drewry Jones, 



5 


10 1792. 


1 


IVoiuii. :»lst 


24 


15 


20 




2 


10 


11 




6 


11 6 


40 




14 




6 




11 




i> 




8 


10 


7 








11 




8 


10 


17 


10 


32 




15 


10 


3 




14 




22 




10 




8 


10 


2 


10 


20 




14 




8 


10 


14 


10 


7 


10 


6 




3 


10 


8 


10 


5 


10 


11 




25 


5 3 


15 




4 




4 


10 


5 




3 


10 


11 


10 


13 


10 


2 


10 


6 





216 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS, 



1792. Dec. 10. Alex. BicRoberts, 
Decern. Slst Geo. Huston , 

Tho8. McDugal, 

11. John Goodwyn, 
H. Brooke, 
Jno. Mason, 
Jno. Oliver, 
Simon Cockrell, 
Rob. Goodwyn, 
Rich. Lee, 
Rev'd Blagrove, 
Wm. Hix, 
Rich Gary, 
Wm. Clarke, 
Wm. Allen, 
Walker Tombur, 

12. Wm. Caffee, 
Thomas Clarke, 
Jno. Roane, 
Tbos. Pettus, 
Step. Wright, 
Jno. Guerrant, 
Wm. Drinkard, 

13. Jno. Goodwyn, 
Fran. Pevton, 
Chs. Hay, 

Ditto, 
Tho8. Goodson, 
Thos. Gaskins, 
Roger West, 
Wm. Broedlove, 

14. David Clark, 
Hend. Russell, 
Jno. Dent, 
Thos. Tinsley, 
Wm. Lewis, 
Wm. Ronald, 
Dan'l McCarty, 
Wm. Macon, 

15. Thos. Watkins, 
Chs. Hay, 
Hartwell Tucker, 
Rob. Throckmorton, 
Garrett Minor, 

Ro. Butt, 
Josiah Riddick, 



35 10 




21 




4 13 




6 




40 2 


10 


37 4 


7 


31 10 




14 10 


6 


22 




7 




10 




6 




5 




11 




4 4 




21 1 


6 


14 




16 




34 16 


6 


5 10 




15 




16 




10 




5 10 




42 12 




3 




4 




7 




25 2 




1 10 




5 




11 




15 10 




6 




4 10 


• 


14 




10 10 




21 




7 10 




10 10 




17 17 


3 


3 10 




4 




6 




17 10 




16 





CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



217 



>ec, 15. Wm. Nelms, 
John Gordon, 
Jas. Law, 
Travere Daniel, 
Henry Southall, 

17. Tho8. Burke, 
Coun. Bogard, 
J no. Taliaferro, 
Jno. Pope, 
Wm. Price, 
Isaac Parson, 
Burwell Bassett, 
C. B. Jones, 
Petis Johnson, 
Joshua Chappin, 

18. Martin McFerran, 
Hoh. Brooke, 
Sam'l Edmundson. 
Jas. Wells, 
Carter Braxton, 
Wm. Clark, 

Goo. Booker, 
Goo. W. Smith, 
John Hoomes, 
W. G. Jones, 

19. J. Burnett, 
B. Smith, 
Chs. Hay, 
Grin Cosby, 
J. W. Sample, 
J. Haddon, 
Chs. Foster, 
Ster. N. Niblett, 
J. Preston, 

Jas. Carrington, 
Wm. O. Callis, 
Thos. Claiborne, 
Thos. Paul, 

20. Elias Langham, 
Jno. Redd, 
Jas. Martin, 
Wm. Pritchard, 
Chs. Simms, 
Lud Lee, 

Geo. Houston, 

Thos. Lawson, 

28 



1 


1792. 


13 


10 Decern. Slst 


20 




9 




3 


10 


8 


10 


10 


10 


21 




7 




6 




8 


13 


18 




6 




9 


10 


8 




16 


10 


10 




19 


10 


9 


10 


5 




3 




5 




5 


10 


11 


10 


8 




18 




23 


10 


3 




12 


10 


18 


10 


30 


10 


24 


10 


8 




46 


2 6 


12 


10 


9 


10 


9 


10 


6 




6 




32 




32 


10 


10 


8 


37 


11 4 


18 


• 


6 




8 


10 



218 CALENDAE OP STATE PAPBBS. 



1792. Doc. 20. Isaac Lane, 
Dcouin. 3lBt Win. Bcntley, 

Willis Riddick, 
Stith Hardy man, 
Wni. Tate, 
Jos. Cbinn, 
Step. Wright, 

21. Sam Temple, 
Ed. Moore, 
Peter Johnston, 
Chs. Hay, 
Hen. Guy, 
Ben. Johnson, 
Wni. Allen, 

S. Hill. . 

22. Wm. Digges, 
Geo. Hancock, 
Drury Jones, 
Wra. Trigg, 
Thos. Tinsley, 
Wra. Macon, 
Hen. Towles, 
Tlios. Pettus, 
J no. Bowyer, 
J no. Mason, 

J no. Purnell, 
Chs. Hay, 
Sam. Meredith, 
Walker Tomlin, 
Wm. Norvell, 
Jno. Koane, 
Jesse Lane, 
Wm. Chamberlayno, 
H. Hudgins, 
Wm. Masse n burg, - 
J as. Wilkereon, 
Achilles Jeffries, 
Jno. Dent, 
Ro. Butt, 
Thos. Ridley, 
Jno. Gordon, 
Isaac Davis. 
24. Jos. Wyatt, 
David Clark, 
Thos. Gaskins, 
Chs. Hay, 



39 


13 


10 




12 




5 


10 


14 


10 


8 




8 


10 


40 


13 


9 




2 




30 




9 




10 


10 


10 




15 




12 




13 




8 


10 


13 




4 




4 




25 




5 




24 


10 


6 




12 


10 


6 




21 


10 


5 


10 


7 


10 


5 






10 


7 




20 




8 




7 


10 


7 




6 




3 


10 


17 


10 


3 


10 


44 


10 


13 


10 


5 




4 


10 


3 





CALENDAK OP STATE PAPERS. ..210 



Dec. 24. Larkin Smith. 
Geo. Booker, 
Matt. Page, 
Chs. Hay, 
Hez. Davison, 
J no. Pope, 

26. Ed. Ilarn.Hon, 
J. Pride, 

S. Ilardyman, 
II. Soutball, 
J. Kearnes, 

27. Wm. Tate, 
iiieh. Lee, 
F. Strother, 
Geo. Ilaneook, 
Carter Braxton, 
Jos. Chinn, 
Rich. Price, 

J no. Tate, 
Sam. Edmundson, 
Martin McFerran, 
Wm. flix, 
Garret Minor, 
Sam'l Temple, 
Thos. Burke. 
Ro. Andrews, 
Chas. Hay, 
John Hughes, 
Jas. Baytoy, 
Wm. Pickett, 
David Saunders, 
Joel Leftwitch, 
Ja«. U pshaw, 
Jno. Purnall, 
J no. Moseie}', 
Geo. Tayloe, 
Jno. Taliaferm, 
Theo. Hansfonl, 
S. Cockrcll, 
J. Guerrant, 
Wm. Caffee, 
Jno. Oliver, 
Geo. Baxter, 
Wm. Allen, 
Dec. 28. H. Hudgins, 
Ro. Sheilds, 



20 


1792. 


3 


Dea»ni. 3lHt 


9 


10 


.3 




9 


10 


8 


10 


9 




22 




2 




5 


10 


11 


10 


3 




9 




14 




3 




5 




4 




59 


(> 


17 




5 




4 


10 


6 




6 


10 


3 


10 


5 


10 


43 8 


5 




8 


10 


25 




20 




13 


10 


9 


9 3 


45 


8 6 


3 




9 




12 




6 


10 


9 




44 


10 


8 


10 


8 




8 


10 


19 


10 


10 




3 




26 


10 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



Doc. 2a Thos. TuDBUll, 
: Wm. Patton, 

Jno. Alien, 
Zocb. Johnson, 
John Boftze, 
Coun. Bt^srd, 

Jas. Wilkinson, 

Walker Tomlin, 

Rob. Goodwyn, 

Math. Anderson, 

Alex. St. Clair, 

Dan. HcCarty, 

Alex. Smyth, 

Rich. KennoD, 

Jof. Carrington, 

P. Carrington, 

T. Wilson, 

Wm. Price, 

8. Nibletl, 

M, McFemn, 

Thos. tioodwyn, 

W. O. Callis, 

Chs. B. Jones, 

Ed. Harrison, 

J. a. Wills, 

J. Trigg, 

J. DcDt, 

Geo. Smith, 

Fran. Corbin, 

J. Peirco, 

H. Russoll, 

Ro. Throckmorton, - 

Speaker Hathews, - 

Chas. Wells, 

T. H. Randolph, 

J. Eggleston, 

J. W. Sample, 

T. Smith, 

Malt. Clay, 

S. J. Cabell, 

C. Marshall, 

Bo. Butt, 

Wm. Diggs, 

M. Cary, . 

Thos. Royster, 



13 10 
27 10 



6 10 
11 IC 



12 


10 


10 


10 


3 




12 




20 


10 


6 


10 


4 


10 



17 10 
14 10 



3 
4 10 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



221 



)ee. 28. D. Pettison, 
S. Vance, 
Geo. Penn, 
Chs. Foster, 
D. Bell, 
Abram Maury, 
Ro. White, 
J. Ghaffin, 
M. Page, 

D. Clark, 

F Thornton, 
N. P. Robertson, 
J. A. Bradley, 
N. Lewis, 
ThoB. Eidley, 
S.Hill, - 
H. Southall, 
M. King, 
Jos. Wyatt, 
P. Groodwyn, 

A. McBoberts, 
Jno. Wise, 
Geo. Booker, 
W. JRiddick, 
J. Preston, 

N. Wilkinson, 
J. Parsons, 
C. Hay, 
Greo. Huston, 
T. Tinsley, 

B. Poston, 
M. Jones, 

E. Langham, 
Nich's Cabell, 
B. Johnson, 
A. Denholm, 
W. Tibbs, 

N. Fox, 
W. Drinkard, 
W. Drinkard, 
J. Hayraond, 
T. Mayo, 
Rev'd Blagrove, 
J. Stuart, 
H. Brooke, 
W. AUen, 



13 10 
14 
28 10 

3 
10 

17 10 
15 

5 10 

2 

2 
10 
12 
17 10 

7 

3 

3 10 
1 

11 10 
2 

20 

9 
28 10 

2 

4 

4 10 
32 10 
44 10 

15 1 6 

3 

3 10 
10 10 

5 

4 
10 

5 10 

78 1 4 
12 

13 10 
43 11 3 
41 11 3 
15 5 

12 10 

24 15 10 

57 2 6 

182 7 2 

38 1 4 



1792. 
Decern. 31 st 



222 TALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1792. Dee. 28. W. Brc<H||ove, - . 28 11 3 

Decern. Slaft T ho?. Paul, - - - 22 5 11 

Daniel Hix. - - 58 11 3 

Chi«. Hay. - . 373 11 3 

Ailam Craitf. - - 101 14 2 

Wm. Caveii'lish. - - 13 10 

Travers*e Daniel. - - - 16 10 

29. Ro. Brook«\ - - 5 

Ifiaac l>ane. ... 4 

J. Dandridge, - 14 

Wm. Chain beriayne. 3 

Henr)' Banks. ... 4 

Benj. Temple, - 42 IG 

B. L\ Waller, 30 s 

Thos. Paul. . 10 

Jas. Williams. ... 14 r, 2 

Wm. Hix. - IS ly 9 

31. The Governor. . - - 200 

J. Ambler, - - - 125 

Judge Jones. - - - 75 

Couneellor Goode, - - - 62 10 

" Burnley, - - 62 10 

'* Briggs. . - - 49 2 8 

Judge Roane. - - - 30 

S. Coleman. - - - 50 

A. Blair. - - 37 10 

J. Jones, - - - 50 

P. Clay ion. - - 37 10 

H. Heitman, - - - 37 10 

S. Shepard. - - - 25 

J. Carter, - - - 25 

E. Lacy, - - - 37 10 

W. Bcrkelev. - - - 25 

G. Wvthe, - - - 75 

T. Nicolson, - - - 56 

L. Smith, - ' - - 2 

M. Pate, - in 

Coun. Briggs, - - 13 7 4 

E. Curling, . - 6 

P. Tinsley, - - 37 10 

Coun. Steele, - - - 62 10 



Selden, - - - 62 10 

McClurg, - - - 62 10 



(* 

" Wood, - - - f>2 10 

*• Duwaon, - - - 23 



Judge Tyler, - - - 76 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



223 



Dec. 31. Judge Fleming, 
Matt. Cheatham, 
Judge Pendleton, 
" Carrington, 
p]dmund Pendleton, 
J. Pendleton, 



59 


4 10 1792. 


10 


Deoem. 31st 


75 




75 




127 


2 6 


75 





Criminal Charges: 

Octo. 1. T. Keith, 
M. Wilson, 
H. Bowyer, 

B. Kimmerley, 

T. Miller, 
P. VVoolfolk, 
W. Coleman, 

2. T. Gent, 
Ed. Pegram, 
F. Adams, 
Wm. Stanhope, 
J no. Evans, 
Mich. Ash ford, 
J. Foulkes, 

3. Uz. Humphreys, 
J as. Withers, 

T. Jarvis, 

4. Jas. Watkins, 
Wm. Rose, 

C. Stephenson, 

5. J. Moore, 
S. Moseley, 

Do., 
Jas. Huffman & als., 
C. Marshall, 
8. Nat. Murphy, 
J no. Littlejohn, 
Js. Larowe, 
Chs. Binns, 
Geo. Ham met, 
Zach. Wells, 
Ch;*. Swann. 
Jas. Land rum. 
Sib. Losh. 
Oeto. iK Walter Crockett, 
Wm. Love, 
J no. Starke, 



8 15 




2 10 




2 10 




3 3 


8 


3 3 


6 


4 13 


1 


38 




10 15 


6 


2 15 


6 


18 


9 


1 6 


3 


1 


3 


1 2 


9 


2 5 


3 


1 11 


3 


9 2 


6 


9 10 


2 


3 




15 17 


7 


18 


9 


2 1 


3 


1 11 


3 


22 10 




11 19 


9 


13 15 




3 9 


3 


2 12 


9 


7 11 


3 


4 3 


4 


2 1 


3 


12 


6 


1 7 


6 


12 


6 


1 5 




1 5 




3 16 


3 


12 


3 



224 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



^ 



1792. Oct. 10. Rob. Armistead, 
31rt Do., 

Do., 
Wni. Wills, 
David Caadle, 
Ro. Snoddj, 
Ro. Alexander, 
Martin Mason, 

11. Daniel Pegram, 
Wm. Brewer, 
Jas. Clark & als., 
Peter Hanter, 
Jos. Bams, 
Jno. Wimbash, 
C. Crittenden, 
Jno. Rojall, 

13. Wm. Pollard, 
Peter Eppes, 
Ed. Lansford, 

15. Thos. Rhoades, 
M. Aostin, 

16. Jno. Hill k others, - 
Do., 

Ro. Hubbard, 

17. Jno. Gordon, 
Jno. Eggleston, 
Arch. Walthall, 
Wm. Webb, 
Thos. Blackorbj, 

19. Fran. Young, 
Dan. Herring, 
Wm. Hardy, 
Jas. Wells, 
Wm. Bridger, 
Ro. Christian, 
Thos. Wright, 

Do., 
Jno. Jamison, 

20. Rob. Watkins, 
22. Jno. Coles, 

Do., 
Jno. Williams, 
Jno. Coles & als.. 

Do., 
Jno. Littlepago, 
Jas. Hay, 



22 


9 






18 


9 


56 


11 


2 




9 


3 


93 


12 


6 


4 


18 




16 


5 




3 


5 


9 


3 





6 


1 


1 


3 


5 


3 


3 


1 


10 




1 


6 


3 


39 


4 




2 


4 


9 


1 


14 


6 


3 


15 




1 






60 






2 


1 


6 




6 


3 


79 


5 




17 


17 


6 


3 


18 


3 


5 


12 


6 


5 


12 


6 




14 


11 


19 


11 


3 


12 


15 




12 


10 




5 






15 






.7 


10 




3 


17 


6 


4 





6 


9 


16 




11 






11 


16 


10 


7 


2 


6 


3 


18 


9 


8 


8 


6 


1 


6 


6 


4 


17 


6 


12 


6 


6 


7 


5 


10 


2 


1 





CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



Oct. 23. Jdo. DiggH, 

Wm. Demoval, 

Jno. Copsey, 

Jno. Hawkins & als.^ 

24. Jas. Roy &, als., 
Adam Craig, 

Do., 
H. Hudgin, 

25. Ro. Pollard, 
G. Whitfield, 

26. Clement Murphy, 
Roh. Da vies, 

29. Wm. Dix, 

Ro. Stewart, 
31. Geo. Rees, 

Hen. Brodwell, 
Wm. Johnson, 
Geo. Rees, 
Rich. Allen, 
William Woodson, - 
Jas. Bell, 
Jas. Steel, 

Alex. McClenahan, - 
Jacob Henry, 
Thos. Rhoades, 
Geo. Derneut, 
Nov. 1. Jno. Wilson, 

2. Ed. McCullan, 

3. Jas. Daugherty, 
£d. Parish & others, 
Wm. Buckner & others, 

5. Jno. Richards, 
Wm. A. Bagby, 
Jas. Nimmo, 

T. S. Calvert, 
Alex. Moseley, 
Mat. Branch, 
Mary Cox, 

6. Geo. Todd, 
Jas. Berry, 
Geo. Todd, 
Christ Greenup, 

7. Geo. Carringtou, 
Coleman Wms. & als., 
Stith Harrison, 

Ed. King, 

29 



80 


1792. 


18 2 


6 Decern. 31st 


1 18 




13 17 


6 


21 12 


6 


18 15 




8 6 


8 


1 18 




3 15 


10 


1 16 


6 


3 1 




18 2 


6 


2 6 


6 


2 10 




3 15 




3 15 




2 1 


8 


1 


8 


2 10 




2 1 


8 


3 17 


6 


7 10 




8 6 


8 


1 


10 


3 3 


8 


2 5 




3 




7 


6 


5 10 




4 1 


3 


8 18 


3 


30 17 


3 


8 15 




10 




1 5 




8 6 


8 


1 13 


4 


8 


6 


4 4 


6 


5 7 


9 


8 11 




19 10 


6 


12 10 




22 10 




17 8 


9 


2 18 


1 



226 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Nov. 7. Nat. Maniiin, 
Decern. 3l8t Jno. Pollock, 

8. John Terrar, 
Jno. Fcnton, 
10. Ro. Yancey & others, 
12. Jas. Somnerville & others, 
Abram Davenport, - 
Wm. MeCashland, - 
Goo. Cunningham, - 
Rob't Cock burn, 

C. Jones & others, - 
Thos. Lawson, 

Chs. Moss, 
Hen. Lawson, 
Jas. Callaway, 

12. J. Pollard, 
Geo. Tyler, 

Mayo Carrington, - 

13. Wm. Pope, 

14. Jno. Grammar, 
Jno. Clark, 

Ro. Gea & others, 
Peter Waggoner, 
Jas. Thomas, 
Chs. Turner, 
Geo. W'ms & others, 
Thos. Wishart, 
Jno. Phipps, 
F. Stroud, 

D. Hylton, 

15. J. Younghusband, - 
N. Foushee, 

16. Roger Mallory, 
Hen. Baker k othei*8, 
Ed. Powers, 

Jno. Donaldson, 
Thos. Throckmorton, 
Jno. Milton, 
Wish. Nasmon, 
Ed. Lewis, 
Thos. Yaughan & als., 

17. Ricird Williamson & als., 
Rob't Alexander, 

19, Jno. McCloud, 
Adam Clement, 
A. Jennings, 



5 


15 




2 


2 






15 


6 




11 


6 


33 


2 


6 


3 




6 


26 


15 


3 


12 


10 




5 


15 


7 


3 






3 


9 




50 






12 


15 


6 


2 


10 




2 


5 


10 


4 


13 


9 


18 


6 




3 


3 




10 






15 


12 


6 


1 


7 


6 


5 


16 


9 


3 


2 


6 


18 


4 


3 


3 


15 




3 


4 


9 


8 


15 




4 


1 


5 


1 


17 


6 


10 






8 


15 




11 


5 




6 


12 


6 


37 


2 




13 


8 


6 


30 


9 


9 


20 






1 


7 


3 


19 


6 


1 


18 


11 


6 


15 


2 


6 


3 


10 




1 


5 




2 


3 


9 


7 


15 


6 


1 


5 





CALENDAR OF STATU PAPERS. 



227 



Nov. 19. G. JaekBon, 
H. Brooke, 
Wm. Herwix, 
Ezc. Downcll, 
Jas. Forral, 
Rich. Hack To V, 
llolden Iludgin, 
JoHiah Foster, 
John Bell & aln., 
Ed. Powers, 
Wm. Clayton, 

20. Dan1 CollinH & ais., 

Ditto., 
J no. Hansborough, 
Martin Ingle, 
And. Woodrow, 
Corns. Terril, 
Ozborne King, 

21. Wm. Smock & aU., 
John Chew, 
Keub. Strackhan & 
Sam'l Todd, 

Ed. Herndon, 

Do., 
John Frazier, 
Goodloe Hurshell, 
J no. Carj & oth., 
J as. Brook, 
J no. Whitehurst, 
Jas. Newman, 
• Rob. Bennett, 
Jas. Edwards, 
Thos. Travis, 
Younger Johnson, 
L. Berry, 
Con. Smith, 

22. Wm. Cabiness, 
Abner Crump, 
Wm. Moseley, 
Sam'l Marshall, 
Jno. Poindexter, 
Wm. Phillips, 
Elijah Carpenter, 
G. Peyton & als., 
Y. Peyton, 

G. WilliaraLS, 



oth.. 



1 19 4 1792. 

4 3 4 Decern. 3l8t 
10 

12 6 
17 6 
1 11 3 

1 16 

2 6 
29 12 9 
13 6 1 

5 

28 2 3 
4 

2 15 11 

1 18 

3 15 

3 15 

12 8 3 

2 10 

8 15 
4 

10 11 

9 4 7 
9 7 6 

5 4 11 

4 16 6 

29 10 
150 

25 12 6 

3 5 6 
2 

12 16 6 

8 7 6 

2 8 

1 10 

5 
24 16 

1 10 

8 8 6 
7 6 3 

2 10 

3 2 6 
2 12 6 

17 14 6 
20 12 6 

9 2 10 



228 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Nov. 22. Wm. Conn, 
Decern. 31st Ro. Allen, 



23. Thos. Tato & others, 
David Craig, 

Jno. Campbell, 
Wm. King, 
Jno. HodgOH, 

24. Wm. Webb, 
26. Chs. Jno. Jee, 

28. Den. Dawley, 
Edw'd H. Moseley, - 
Jno. Smith, 

Wm. Nimmo, 
Elish Cooper, 
Francia Creed, 
Solo. Waterman, 
Jno. Ship, 
Hillory Cooper, 
Wm. West, 
Peter Wilburn, 
Wm. Shepard, 

29. Thos. Meriwither & als., 
Thos. Dix, 

Hercules Ogle, 

30. Chs. Hudson & als., • 
Dec. 1. Chs. Conner, 

John Drawne, 
Jas. Cam.n, 
Rich. Spratley, 
Wm. Croker, 
Geo. Collins, 
Wm. Flora, 
Geo. Wain Wright, - 
Jas. Fort, 
Wm. Abrams, 
Thos. Harcum & als., 
John Billups, 
John Hill, 

3. Rob. Saunders, 

4. Jno. Parrish, 

5. Geo. Nelson & als, - 
Wm. Walker, 

Step. T. Mason, 
5. Jas. Dickenson & als., 
7. Wm. Hardawaj', 
12. Thos. Clark, 



6 


3 


1 13 


9 


4 5 


3 


5 




4 3 


4 


16 





12 2 




12 12 


7 


4 5 




17 1 


9 


4 1 


4 


2 18 


9 


6 5 




6 


3 


6 


3 


3 7 


6 


3 




6 


3 


3 7 


6 


3 7 


6 


3 2 


6 


11 2 


6 


1 2 


10 


16 


3 


6 


2 


7 10 




2 8 


6 


7 


6 


2 2 


7 


18 


9 


. 1 10 


3 


19 


3 


6 6 


7 


2 11 


3 


7 


6 


3 7 


3 


1 19 




1 14 


4 


6 3 


9 


8 7 


6 


4 9 


6 


7 17 


6 


31 5 




1 4 


3 


3 10 


G 


8 7 


6 



Calendar op state papers. 229 



Dec. 12. Jdo. Farley & als., - 

21. Geo. Williams, 

Ditto, 

22. David Alexander, - 

24. Win. Walker & als., 

28. John Williams, 
Ann Colvin & als., - 

29. Snodder Morton, 
Nov. 5. Isaac firimmer, 

John Gibson, 
Elias Sharp, 
John Wright, 
Moses Stewart, 
Elias Mason & others. 

For Creditors : 

Octo. 1. O. Pollock, 
9. Pi net & Co., 
Ditto, 

12. Ditto, 

13. Ditto, 
Ditto, 

17. Ditto, 
O. Pollock, 
Pinet & Co., 

25. Ditto, 
29. O. Pollock, 

Nov'r 5. O. Pollock, 
8. Ditto, 

22. Ditto, 

23. Ditto, 

Contingent: 

Octo. 2. Wyatt Coleman, 

4. J. Pendleton, 

5. Jas. Kind, 

6. Any Davis, 

10. Willis Wilson, 

11. Raulstono & Ferguson, 
Ed. B. Lacy, 

4. Dabney Minor, 

12. Sam Coleman, 
Jas. Liplong, 
J no. Mayo, 

13. Thos. Branch, 
22. Arch. Currie, 



4 3 


1792. 


19 


6 Decern. Slst 


4 2 


6 


10 4 




8 5 




19 2 


6 


4 1 


9 


1 5 


6 


14 




2 5 




7 5 




4 16 


6 


3 10 




40 11 


6 


40 2 


7 


222 3 


6 


28 12 


7 


60 




150 




48 




239 3 


11 


130 




32 10 




56 2 


4 


190 




80 




50 




31 8 


3 


107 11 




7 10 




30 




18 




7 18 


10 


3 13 


7 


3 




2 13 


3 


194 5 




9 




4 10 




8 




6 9 




15 19 


9 



230 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



17»2. Nov. 24. Wm. Hasscll, 
Deceiu. 3lKt 25. Wm. Davies, ... 

30. Ja8. Rin«l, 

Jos. Liplong. ... 

Nov. 8. Hen. Dieken»on. 
12. Sam Dobie, 
Arch. RobinHon. 
Dabncy Minor, 

23. J no. Hough. 

24. J. Carter, 

30. Jno. Brown, 
Dec. 5. Sam Shepani, 

10. Jane West, 

11. Arch. Stuart, 
17. Tho8. Newton, 

22. John Emory, 
26. Nathan Baker & als., 

Ro. White, 
24. Colo. Davis, ... 

Personal acs.: 

Octo 3. Judge Nelson, 
17. Thos. Cocke, 

Do., 
20. Machweis Goode, 

23. Abel Randall, • 

26. Dircct's Pub. build'ti, 
Nov. 1. Geo. Kelley, 

7. Thos. Prosser, 
J as. Tayloe, 

24. Sam Todd, 
29. Geo. Gil more, 

Mich. Thomas, ... 

Dec. 1. Jno. Thomas, 

Ditto, 
3. Corbin Griffin, 

17. Jas. Bibb, 

18. Dan'l Claiborne, 

Do., 

27. Jno. Nicholas, 

31. Directs Pub. Build's, 
10. John Moselc}', 

Wm. Dcakins, ... 

Arsenal: 
Oct 20. Cap. Langham, • - - 19 G 



40 




125 




100 




12 7 




30 




15 




19 9 




7 2 


8 


7 10 




20 




17 3 


1 


58 11 


9 


6 




28 




218 3 


4 


4 5 




48 9 




28 




40 10 




166 13 


4 


3 18 


6 


6 12 


8 


12 8 


9 


7 6 


2 


167 10 




210 




125 15 


4 


15 4 


7 


2 6 


7 


4 6 


10 


5 4 


2 


24 13 




24 1 


8 


20 6 


6 


16 12 


3 


26 5 


7 


10 3 


9 


5 19 




811 6 


1 


4 4 


1 


3,000 





cjLiTj:: jLi jT fiTi-i ?iJ±j::s. 



J".iu AiiaiWiiL - ~ i 5- > 



Oct. 5l CiAimoj, Wijz^ 

P. Wc<<^iT. 
EL Cr»Tii*s. 
J. H:2ikk. 
25. D^Tz i Crfcij 



24. iKrl-Llr Dms^V. 

26. J«.«*. UA£iX>-:<!. ... 
2*. Wm C^a^i^iou. - - . 

30. B. Lewi-, 
Dec. 1. ^itro, GuiLrkr. ... 

5. Wa.J.iy Col-b-. 

6. Tikriti'tD W«xpil«^yo. - - - 
CUi borne W&tkitt&. - 
MAXweii Armstrong. 

Pensioner*: 

Gel. 5. Dftvi*! BIank>, 

11. Mary Moffetu - - 96 

27. Amy B^rrvll. - . :5 12 6 



I ^ 




t I 




12 


6 


1 13» 


3 


3 3 


6 


1« U 


3 


2 10 




6 6 




11 17 


1« 


16 1 




14 




12 16 




1 16 


^ 


5 S 




2 12 


1 


3 15 


3 


1 1 




4 S 


6 


13 14 


5 


15 11 


10 


72 





CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Doo. 22 


Elinor Crittenden, - 


12 


cem. 3l9t 27 


Alice McClintock, - 


10 


28 


Judith Carter, 


12 




Margaret G rotor, 


10 


Exp'us of rep'n : 




Dec. 7. 


Mich. Bailey, 


3 8 8 




Jno. Stewart, 


5 




ThoB. Paul, 


1 




Geo. Carrington, 


5 13 10 


8. 


.Tiinics MurilaugU, ■ 


5 U 6 




Dan'l Brent, 


4 14 3 




Alex. Stuart, 


6 10 




Cateeljy Jones, 


4 17 2 


11. 


Moses Hunter, 


8 7 9 




Step. Mason, 


7 8 2 




Jno. Galbraight, - 


8 5 4 


17. 


Thos. Throckmorton, 


7 14 ti 


28 


Jas. Fulkerson, 


4 10 


29 


Pleasant Wade, 


6 


Froii. Defence: 




Oct. 8. 


Hezekiah Bakey, 


45 5 




Goo. Cox, 


45 5 




Jae. Downing, 


45 5 




Capt. McMahan, ■ 


604 8 7 




Do., 


397 16 10 


9 


Jas. Kent, 


66 


18 


Sam Vance, 


68 5 3 


19 


Wm. Cook, 


15 IG 6 


20 


Cap. Preaton, 


886 8 6 


23 


Hugh Caperton, 


25 


24 


Job. Kent, 


111 13 U 


26 


Elijah TraviB, 


4 15 


Nov. 2 


Lt Browning & oth., 


21 14 8 




Lt. McGuire, 


28 16 9 




Lt. Cooper, 


66 6 10 




Cha. Bickloy & aU., - 


17 19 8 


3 


Sam'l Porter, 


8 6 


8 


Capt. Colvill, 


30 16 1 


12 


Arthur Campbell, - 


12 


13 


Hugh Caperton, 


12 10 


14 


Wm. MorrisB, 


90 


19 


Henry Petlue, 


5 5 


24 


Sam'l Vanco & others. 


5 13 9 




Col. J. Smith, 


10 13 2 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



233 



Nov. 2. Maj. McGuire, 
Cap. McCullock, 
Lt.-Col. Biggs, 
Capt. McColley, 
Lt.-Col. Jackson, 
Capt. Hajmond, 
Capt. Mitchell. 
Wm. McClurg, 
26. Thoe. Laidlej, 
Dec. 21. Lt. Crockett, 

Ens. McGavock, 
Jas. Whitten, 
Jas. Taylor & als., - 
22. Capt. Lewis, 
Jas. Kent, 
Ditto, 
Oct. 5. Arch. Woods, 

Do., 
Do., 
Sep. 26. Jno. Peyton, 

Burnt tobo. : 
Dec. 21. Jas. Woods, 

Pub. Warehouses : 

Oct. 10. Wm. Benton, 

11. Alex. Strachan, 

25. Noel & Boulware, - 
Nov. 6. Abram Beach am, 

9. Wm. Bryint, 
17. David Ross, 
Nov. 20. John Nibley, 

26. Dan'l LawsoD, 

28. Hen. & Wm. Daine, 

30. Farrow & Hooe, 
Dec. 5. Mosby & Burton, 

11. Alex. Saunders, 

Fra's Smith, 

Nov. 17. Spinner & Tcmploroan, 

James River Comp*y & Potow'k 

OcU 29. Alex. Buchanan, 
The Directors, 

Surplus: 

Nov. 25. Jno. Leflwich, 

30 



7 




6 1792. 


2 


16 


S Decern. 31st 


4 


15 


8 


2 


16 


8 


4 


15 


5 


2 


16 


8 


2 


16 


8 


1 


1 




1 


13 




287 


5 


9 


111 


6 


11 


144 


5 




215 






1,200 






368 






175 


4 




152 


4 


9 


100 






3 


9 


7 


151 


5 





9 18 9 



101 11 




38 14 




24 18 




15 15 




72 17 




32 10 




1 4 




5 12 




26 2 


4 


63 2 




72 5 




67 7 




98 2 


10 


2 3 


6 


1,398 16 


3 


1,066 13 


4 



234 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1792. Public claims: 

Decern. Slst Nov. 20. Dan. Weisigar, 

J. Turberville, 
22. Jno. Binns, 
27. Marg. Carr, 
Dec. 8. Sam. Van hood, 
10. Dan. Claiborn, 
18. Benj. Temple, 
22. Jno. Stewart, 
27. Tho8. Spratley, 
31. Jno. Cooke, 

Examined & compared with the vouchers in office from Oct. 5, to 
Dec. 31, inclusive, 1792. 

J. McCLURG, 
J. DAWSON. 

Recorded by Sam. Coleman. 

J. PENDLETON, Aud'r. 



41 6 




1 18 


6 


9 7 




4 




48 19 




82 10 


9 


10 17 


6 


33 12 


9 


20 




120 





Petition op Citizens op Frederick and Berkeley Counties for 

Pardon of John Crane, jr. 

To his Excellency the Governor of Virginia, and the Honorable the 
member8 of the Privy council: 

The humble petition of sundry of the inhabitants of the counties 
of Frederick & Berkeley, your petitioners, Ilumbly sheweth that John 
Crane is now confined in the Goal of VVinchcHtcr of that District Court 
under a conviction of for the death of a certain Abraham Van- 
horn. Your petitioners beg leave to represent the prisoner as an honest 
industrious man, one extremely dear to his wife & Parents, In whose 
favour too much cannot be said. Your Petitioners also beg leave to 
suggest that this melancholy and truly unfortunate accident happened 
in the time of harvest, when the human passions were highteuod by in- 
toxication, and in the course of a quarrel when they had actually pro- 
ceeded to blows, and were at the same time engaged. If the object of 
punishment is to correct the offender, and secure society from his vicious 
habits in future, 3'our Petitioners are persuaded that those purposes are 
already attained; under those inipi*essio!is we have ventured to suppli- 
cate his pardon, and if the offended law will admit of such a n>erciful 
interposition, an exercise oi' those powers will restore him to the arms 
of an aflfectionale and truly amiable wife, a worthy and highly respecta- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



235 



ble Father and mother, and will also restore to the soeiet}' of his neigh 
hours a man who possesses iheir good will. 



1792. 



Mathias Nichols, 
James Blue, 
Elishu Boyd, 
Sanuiel Watson, 
Lcak'r D. Peddieoard, 
John Kenney, 
Alox'r W. Beale, 
Smith Slaughter, 
William Ba3*lor, 
W. Semon, 
Henry Bedinger, 
C. W. Willis, 
Jacob Bedinger, 
Hezel Swearinger, 
Abs'l. Rodgers, 
Abraham Morgan, 
L. Morgan, 
William Allen, 
Dan'I Morgan, 
Robert Bladen Carter, 
Argus McDonald, 
Edward McGuiro, 
II. B. Holmes, 
Edm'd Clare, 
Robert Throckmorton, 
Wm. McGuire, 
Rob't Wood, 
James Singleton, 
Jno. Conmd, 
William Little, 



Moses Hunter, 
Phil. Pendleton, 
Sam Neale, 
James Wilson, 
Nicholas Onnick, 
Amos Nichols, 
Rob*t Cock burn, 
Fr. Ke3'eH, 
Sam'el Davenport, 
Rich'rd Baylor, 
Jno. Klein hoff, 
David Campbell, 
Joseph Turner, 
William Blue, 
Rog. Coltar, 
John Cameron, 
James Moseley, 
William Sherry, 
James Heard, 
Wm. Johnston, 
W'mson Wel)f), 
Giles Cook, 
Jos. Bell, 
Bryan Stonum, 
Thos. Rutherford, 
Godwin Swift, 
Frs. Hamilton, 
John Wager, 
Charles Washington, 
John Mark. 



George Jackson's Account with the Commonwealth. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, Dr., 

To George Jackson : 

For his trouble in contracting with several pei*son9 to supply the 
troops at the different stations in the District of Monongalia with pro- 
visions coming to Richm.md, in order to the settlement of the account, 
being personally liable to the individuals with whom he contracted for 
the 8 cents per ration in every instance, except that of the appointment 



236 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1792. of a person at the mouth of the little Kanawha, to whom 7} Virginia 

currency was allowed, . . . . $25 
For sundry Expences in packing provision as per account 

and a certificate of Hcz. Davison, Endorsed No. 9, - 5 18 6 



£30 18 6 

This is money expended on defence of the Frontier, & ought to be 
comprehended in the General acc't ag^st the U. States. 

Commonwealth, Dr., 

To George Jackson: 

For Packing provisions to the Different stations under Capt. Wil- 
Ham Lowther's command to 3d May, 1792: 

For packing to Burke's station at sundrie times, 

To Salem Do., a station on the Frontier, 

To Burk's, Do. 13, at another time, 

Maj' to Do., - - - 

9 to Burke's, ..... 

18 May to flesher's, .... 

June 6, to the different stations at sundrie, 

£5 18 6 

I do certify that I was a witness to the greater part of the above 
expenses, and \hought them to be very moderate as thay provisions 
was pack into Danger upwards of twenty miles, 

Given from under my hand, this 26th Jan'y, 1793. 

THOS. DAVISON, 
Rejected. 






12 








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Kanawha William Morris to the Gtovernor. 

Sir: 

You will please remember you told me you expected I might get 
from Government three Hundred Dollars to enable me to furnish pro- 
visions for the troops in this Department. As I have now an opportu- 
nity of writing to your Excellency b^' my Brother, Could wish it could 
be forwarded by him. 

Give me leave. Sir, to acquaint you that in the Spring of ninety-two, 
Col. George Clendinen, Myself, and others sent out two men as spyes, 
viz: Chas. McClung and Lewis Newton, but continued Drinking the 
whole summer, and I believe was the fault why the mischief was done 
hear without discovery. We was to pay them out of our Estates. 
Could wish your Excellency if they should apply for there services from 
Government, would enquire of Capt. J. Morriss and others of their 
conduct. 

I have the Honor to be, Sir, 

Your most ob't humble servant. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



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240 



CALENDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 



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CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 241 






Information from Col. Clendenin, Major Clendcnin, &o, 1793. 

rec'd from Colo. Donelly and Watkins. Jan. let 

" from Capt. John Morriss. 

" " Capt. W. Morriss, Leonard Morriss, William 
Pry or, Joseph Carroll and John Jones, with all their people, were at one 
time collected at Will. Morrisses — some continued two weeks, some 6, 
some 3 weeks. 

Questions to Col. Steele: Were the men conformable to the above 
Roll, ever embodyed? Did they serve in Detachment under the Captain 
or any other oflScer; if so, how many days at a time, or was their duty 
confined to their own stations? Were the company i^egularly supplied 
with provisions by the Contractors appointed to furnish Capt. Caper- 
ton's company ; or did each man (ofiicers as well as privates,) furnish 
his own provisions. 



Geo. Lee to the Governor. Jan. Ist 

Dear Sir: 

I beg leave to offer myself as Agent for the purpose of col- Berry Hill 
lecting the arreages due from the District of Loudoun. My reason for 
soliciting for this District is because I am told the law requires the 
person to live in the district. 

Should 1 be fortunate enough to procure the Agency, I shall do every 
thing in my power to make as speedy collection as the law permits. If 
the law does not require a person to reside in the District, and I cannot 
procure that of Loudoun, I should like that of Orange. 

Mr. Enoch Mason wishes to procure the Agency of Stafford District. 
Ho is a discreet, active, and sober young man, and well calculated for a 
business of that kind. 

I am, D*r Sir, with respect, 

Y'r Ob't serv't. 



William Davies to the Governor. Jan. 3d 

Sir: 

I bog leave to enclose to your E.xcollency the Accounts of the office Phila- 
to the onii of December, amounting to £146 2 as noted below, including delphia 
tho sum of £10 on account. The great exertions required to place the 
business on a proper footing for a speedy investigation, so as to preclude 
a possibility of extending the time bcj'ond the first of July, have occa- 
sioned for some months* past more than ordinary expence. 

31 



242 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. This has boon now for sorao weoks reduced, and will continue hcnce- 

Jan. 3d forward on its ordinary fooling. 

1 have been favored till the two last sessions, with a copy of the Acts 
of Assembly and Journal of the House of Delegates. They have gene- 
rally contained something proper for me to know, us connected with my 
public business. A word from your Bxcellenc}^ to one of the clerks of 
the council to transmit them to me by some private, safe opportunity^ 
Vill have the desired effect. 

I have Just now been able to dispose of my Draft in favour ol Mr. 
James Crammond, and beg it may be duly honored. 

Being with the highest respect & Esteem, 

Your Exccllonc3''8 most Ob't Serv't. 

Wm. Davics, £125 

Jas. Murray, - - - - - - 1120 

On account, - - - - - - 10 



£146 2 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To William Davics, Dr. ; 

1792. 
Dec. 31. To One quarter allowance as Commissioner for settling 

her continental account, ending this day, - - £125. 

Philad'a, Jan'y Ist, 1793. 

WM. DA VIES. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To James Murray, Dr. : 

To services in Col. Davics* office for settling her claims against the 
United States, from the 1st to the 21st of July, & from the 12th 
to 31st of Dcc'r, being 40 days, - - - - - £11 2. 

JAMES MURRAY. 

Pay the above to Col. William Davics or order. 

JAMES MURRAY. 

Philadelphia, Jan'y Ist, 1793. 

I certify the above sum to be Justly due Mr. Jas. Muri'ay for the 
above service as a ck-rk in my office. 

WM. DAVIES. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 243 



At a Court held for King & Queen County on Monday, the 10th day 1793. 
of January, 1793: Jan. 4th 

Ordered, that it bo certified to the Executive that William Dudley, King& 
Gentleman, at a Court held in the month of November lust, produced a vlueen 
commission appointing him sheriff of this county to take effect at the 
expinition of the office of the Present sheriff, and that Philip Taliaferro, 
Gentleman, the present sherift*, suggested that his office had not expired. 
The Court were then of Opinion I hat the time of the said Taliaferro's 
Sheriffalty had not expired, and are now of opinion that the said Talia- 
ferro's office has not yet expired, and that the said William Dudley 
Ought not to qualify to his commission aforesaid till the month of March 
next. 

Teste : 

RO. POLLARD, C. C. 



Pursuant to an Act of General Assemblj' passed at the October ses- Jan. 4th 
sion, 1784, entitled **An act concerning the appointment of Sheriffs," I, 
Robei*t Pollard, clerk of the Court of the County of King & Queen, do 
hereby certify that William Dudley, Gentleman, hath failed to give bond 
for the execution of the office of sheriff of the said count3\ 

Certified under my hand the 14lh day of January, 1793. 

RO. POLLARD. 



G£NERAL Anthony Wayne's instructions to Major Wm. McMahan. Jan. 5th 

Headquarters, Legionville. Legionvillc 

Sir: 

The protection of the frontiers of Ohio County, in Virginia, & as 
far down as Muskingum, is Committed to your charge; for which pur- 
pose you will have under your Command Captain Cmwford^s Rifle Com- 
pany & all the spies & Guides of Ohio and part of those of VVashington 
counties. Should those spies or Guides neglect or refuse to obey your 
orders in patroling or scouting, you are Emediately to discharge them 
& appoint others in their place. 

You will Establish two stations — one at the Mingo Bottom & the other 
at Wheeling, with Patrols passing constantly Between them and toward 
Muskingum. These, together with the Posts and Patrols from Marietta 
and Gall i polls, will afford effectual protection to the frontiei's of Vir- 
ginia, so as to preclude the necessity of state Troops, which are abso- 
lutely a Burthen both upon the State & the Union. 



244 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 
Jan. 5th 



You will keep rac regularly informed of material Information you may 

receive, & you will clearly understand that no Parties are to go into the 

Indian Towns or settlements or commit depredations u|K)n them whilst 

the proposed Treaty is pending; But should any Party or parties of 

Hostile Indians attempt to come into the Settlements or Commit murder 

or depredations, you are to punish them in the most Exemplary manner 

for their termen'ity. 

I am, sir, 

Your most ob't. hum. serv't. 
A true cop3' from the original. 



Jan. 7th 



Richmond 



Hugh Caperton to the Governor. 

His Excellency the Governor of Virginia: 

Sir: 

A Vacancy (on Lieut. Cooper's declining to serve in my company,) 
of a subaltern has happened therein. This induces me to recommend to 
your attention to fill this vacancy Mr. William Thompson, a Gentleman 
who acted as an Ensign with me last year. I can with propriety say 
that this Gentleman has in the execution of trust committed to him, 
acted with integrity & uprightness, & has discharged the same much to 
my approbation & to those who were acquainted with his services. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest Esteem, 

Your Excellency's most Obedient, Humble Servant. 



Jan. 7th 



Auditor's 
oflSoe 



J. Pendleton to the Governor. 

Sir: 

I propose leaving town on Wednesda}' for two or three dayn, if the 
hon'ble the Executive can foresee any business that may Occur in course 
of the week w'ch will require my presence, I could wish to receive their 
commands before I go out. 

I am, 

Y'r Bx'cy's most ob't serv't. 



Jan. 7th 



Council 
otiice 



Sam Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 

There are no muster-Rolls of Captain Caperton's company on the 
commencement of their service, and the company has been divide<l into 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 245 



three different parts, and mustered by three different Gentlemen previous 1793. 
to their discharge; the mustera all bear date in December, 1792. Jan. 7th 

Including the Commissioned officers, the muster-Roils contain a total 
of 88 — 77 are the number which the company should have consisted of. 

The paj'-roll contains a total of 84 — the difference between the rolls 
arises from four men being mustered in two of the muster-Roils. 

Four men appear to have been killed & others enlisted in their room, 
which accounts for four of the Excess in the pay-roll. One other is 
accounted for by the discharge of John Vanbibber & enlistment ot Noal 
Lafferty in his place — the other two of the Excess in the pay-roll are 
the Drummer & Fifer, whose emplo}^ are not authorized by the instruc- 
tions to Captain Caperton, but they have been allowed to the other 
companies employed for the defence of the southwestern frontier. 

I make 21,284 Rations necessary'' for Capt. Caperton*s Company while 
in service. Errors excepted. Six scouts have been employed by Capt. 
Caperton. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most Ob't Serv*t. 



Arch'd Woods to the Governor. Jan. 9th 

Sir: 

I rec^d your favour of the 27th December, Informing me I am not Ohio, 
to be caird on for Rations untill March. I procured on mj' return home ^ ^^^ 

& laid in a sufficienc}^ of Rations to serve the Rangers four or five 
months, and the day afler your last Instructions came to hand, I was 
notified to begin to issue, but I now feel myself in a difficult situation 
with respect to my provisions, as I have laid them in at a very high 
rate on acc-ount of the great call for provisions in this quarter. The 
Federal Contractor has sent over the Allegania mountains, & has given 
20 shillings per Hundred for Beef & drove to Pitsburg, and that I shall 
not be able to comply with my Ingagements with the people from whom 
I have purchased. Your Excellency's last instructions deranges my 
Business so that I am at a loss to know how to proceed & am not alto- 
gether certain the Rangers will be ordered out against march, & Rations 
cannot be procured here at all times in the year, & should I keep the 
provisions I have now on hand, they are perishable articles & will not 
keep long, so that I may loose the whole, and If I should now proceed 
& sell & make the best of them I can. Perhaps 1 may be called upon 
against March for rations, so that I humbly conceive it highly necessary 
if possible that I should know certainly whether the troops will wait 
your Excellency's farther instructions in the business; for most cer- 
tainly my first instructions, if I be not mistaken, was to issue from the 
first of December last, & did not receive your last until the 7th this inst. 



246 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. The Indians has stolen three horses from this nei/i^hborhood, and 

Jan. 9th burned some fodder in the course of last month. Our Rangers has 
killed three Indians this fall. The Fedei'ai Army are Incamped Eigh- 
teen miles below Pitsburg, being eighty-two miles above this place, and 
1 have not seen or heard of any of their troops on our Frontier as yet; 
nor I am certain there is no station kept by them from headquartei*s or 
Fort Mcintosh, which is near the same place down to Muskingum liiver, 
being Eighty-two miles below this place; the whole distance about Ififi 
miles, the truth of which the bearer, Col. Biggs, can certify. Sir, I 
have transmitted to your Excellency my provision Return for the re- 
mainder of last summer amounting to 501 Dolls. 44 cents, which sum 
you will please pay to Col. Biggs. 

I have the Honour to bo 

Your Excellency's ob't Serv't. 



Jan. 9th JoHN McColloch to the Gtovernor. 

Sir: 
Wheeling Agreeable to your instructions contained in your letter of the 15th 

of November last. I have with the other officers of this count3' Raised 
the Company of Rangei's, & had compleated my Company when I re- 
ceived your Excellency's last of the 26th of December, which informs 
me that the men's pay does not commence until the fi I'st of Mai*ch, and 
nothing being said what to do with the men I have now enlisted. I am 
at a loss what to do at present, as I am well assured that if we do not 
continue the men already Listed, we shall not be able to got as good u 
Company on the terms of the last orders, as men do not like to engage 
upon uncertainties, especially as the state of Pennsylvania gives higher 
wages to men than we do, and are so contiguous to this state, an<l as 
your Excellency's ordei's go no further than to say we shall go on duty 
against march. If the situation of Indian aflraii*s should so requii-o, I do 
conceive from your Excellency's Last that It's thought the Federal 
army gives us sufficient protection in this District at present, but I can 
assure your Excellency that Gen'l Wa3'ne has not sent an}' men on our 
Frontiers this Fall to my knowledge. 

I shall pi*oceed no farther in the business untill farther ordei's from 
your Excellency. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's Humble Serv't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 247 



George Gray to Arch'd Blair. 1793. 

Sir: 

The last price of Tobacco on Potoniuck & Rappabannock was quoted jan. 9th 
to mo @ 16 pr. ct. ; this was some Post since. 

I am, sir, 

Your very ob't sorv't. 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. Jan. 9tb 

Sir; 

The Enclosed arc submitted to the consideration of the Board as an 
attempt to arrange the militia in such a manner as to be understood by 
the people, if published. 

The public action of either of the plans in their present state or aller 
necessary correction is left for the order of the Executive. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your Bxcellencv*8 most ob*t serv't. 



Benjamin Wilson's Memorandum. Jan. 9th 

Memorandum taken from Ensign Morgan, to-wit: RVd Tibbs, John 
Jolliff, & Adam Bayler, who did not appear at the day of muster, had 
each of them an able-bodyed substitute in their room who did appear, 
who was Rt^c'd by haid Ensign as they had ^ood Rifles; and Expert men 
in the woods, but makes out the muster Rolls & pay abstracts in said 
Tibbs, &c.. Names. 

The substitutions names were Joseph Hickenbottom for Adin Bales, 
Jeremiah Horskins for John Jollitfs, Philip Robertson for Richard Tibbs. 

Taken 9th January, 1793. 

BENJ. WILSON. 

Said substutes Entered in service on the 17th of June, 1792. 



J. Ambler & J. Pendleton apply for leave for Mrs. Pearson to remain jan. 9th 
in the House belonging to the public square: 

Mrs. Pearson, who occupycs a house belonging to the Publick, is un Auditor's 
happy under the report that she is to be dispossessed of the house by ofl5ce 



248 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 
Jan. 9th 



the Executive. We hope the hon'ble Board will not think us imperti- 
nently officious in observing that wo beleive her to be an industrious, 
orderly & infirm woman, & that if they should be of opinion she ought 
to pay a moderate rent for the House, She can procure friends to be- 
come her security for payment of it. 



Jan. 10th 



Charles- 
town, 
Ohio Co., 
Virginia 



Wm. Memaghan to the GovEaNOR AND Council. 

Dear Sirs: 

I make bold to address myself to your Honoi*ablc Board, 
Finding myself culled upon by the unjust Representation of some 
Designing Persons prompted by Envy, Because your honorable board 
saw proper to appoint me to the command of the Rangers on the fron- 
tiers of this county the last year. I hear give you a true statement of 
my proceedings during my command & when I received my orders at 
the close of the session. I had business at Philadelphia, which called 
me that way. I wrote home immediately, informing my friends what 
provisions was made for our frontiers, & requested them to engage all 
the best marksmen they could, to be ready by the 15th of March. The 
8th I returned home, where I found some of the Field officers and Cap- 
tains much displeased with your Honorable Board for appointing rae to 
that command, & witb me for my acceptance, although I had obtained 
it two years before by a majority of the Field officers and Captains, & 
had given general satisfaction to the people. Three or four days after 
my return Col. Shepperd called a council at Col. Lane's of the Field 
officers and Captains, Captain Connel being his principal, and living 
within one mile of my house, & always professing the greatest friend- 
ship to me, sent expresses five miles by my Door to Capt. Parsons & 
Capt. McGuire, to notify them to attend the Council; but never lot me 
know one centence of it. He went to Capt. Buskirk's early next morn- 
ing & took him along to the council. My business called me to Captain 
Buskirk's endeavoring to In list men, where I was informed of the 
council. I repaired immediately to the council chamber, although it 
was removed twelve miles further from my house than over there was a 
council of officers held betore in the county. I then informed the 
Gentlemen that I was surprised they did not Enform me of their assem- 
bling, as I had the Instruction of Government for the Defence of our 
frontiers. Col. Shepperd said he did not suppose I would attend if I had 
been sent for. I then assured him I wished to do nothing but what 
would give general satisfaction to the people. Then we concluded it 
would be necessary to call out one company of militia for the protec- 
tion of the frontiei*s, as the Rangers allowed by Government at that 
time were by no means adequate to our defence. We then voted in a 
Captain to command the militia, which was Captain Michel, But he 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 249 



objected taking it for one month, as it would deprive him of making a 1793. 
eix)p, unless we could continue him in commission as long as the militia Jan. 10th 
would be ordered out, which we unanimously agreed to do. But shortly 
after he had the command, Captain Connel Began to try to superseed 
him after he had given him his vote at the council, & when the men was 
to be drafted for another month, Capt. Michel attended at West Liberty 
to receive his orders from Col. Shepperd, & likewise Capt. Connel attended. 
When Capt. Michel applied for bis orders & received them for another 
month, Capt. Connel then wrote such orders as he thought would suit 
himself in my presence, countermanding Capt. Michel's orders, & went 
to Col. Shepperd, who being intoxicated, signed them, notwithstanding 
his previous orders. Capt. Connel then took the command, altho' it was 
not his Tour by vote or seniority. I have every reason to believe his 
motive was to engross the men's pay, as he is concerned in a store him- 
self, which I believe he effected. I was informed he wrote to General 
Wood, informing him that I neglected my duty, & was selling goods to 
the men. It is true I was concerned in a store with a man in Charles- 
town, but did not pay any attention to it myself. I sold out to my 
partner Emediately, and as for Capt. ConnePs asserting that I forced 
the men to deal with me, is groundless, for every man dealt where and 
with whom be pleased, which I can make appear by all the men and a 
number of the citizens. I can also enform you that Col. Lane's son-in- 
law, Mr. Smith, & Archibald Woods, merchants, drew three hundred & 
ninety-seven pounds, By the hand of my Lieutenant, for which I have 
his receipt, & did not draw forty shillings from Lieut. Biggs Quota of 
men. I likewise have ensign Wells* Receipt for the money I drew for 
the twenty-five men enlisted by him. Two merchants in Charleston, 
Mr. Spear & Mr. Marshall drew near Twelve hundred dollars, therefore 
my speculation could not be considerable, as I brout out but five hun- 
dred dollars' worth of goods at first cost, & that taken for an old debt, 
out of which I sold one hundred and seventeen pounds' worth, (in 
Penns. currentcy,( to one man at first cost & carraige. I am likewise 
Informed that Capt. Connel wrote to General Wood that my report 
to hira while in this county concerning bad provisions issued by him to 
me as agent for Archibald Woods was false & groundless. These facts 
I can establish by twenty witnesses: first that Capt. Connell let the 
Contractors for the army have the best of his provisions, and secondly, 
that he gave us one Barrel of Pork with five hogsheads, & some others 
with three, as it had been culled; also some Barrels of Beef with not 
one pound of fat in the whole barrel, but had salted up the Beaf's Hearts so 
that some of it stank so that the men could not make use of it, &; was 
obliged to throw it away. 

I can ashure your Honourable Board that there never was troops 
furnished with provisions so bad on the line, both by Capt. Connel & 
Mr. Woods, some of my stations had not one ounce Brought them some- 
times for two weeks, but had to find themselves & frequently two or three 

32 



250 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. dayi* at u time. When there was flour enough to be got only fifteen 

Jan. lOtli miles from the statio'.i, & Emediately on the River at the price of two 

French crownn p. 100 ewt. I wrote to Mr. Woods frequently for salt 

provisions to enable me to go in pursuit ol the Enemy, but never got 

but twice. 

In many I got fifl<^en days salt provision, & went over Muskingum, 
but was unsuccessful; then I drew for six days & scouted during that 
time, the cheaf part of the summer I got not one pound. The first of 
November I wrote to Mr. Woods to furnish me with twenty-four days' 
flour for my company, & twelve days' meat to go a scoute, (as the 
weather was cool), I thought we could furnish ourselves with the 
residue, but he did not do it, altho. I gave him a week's notice. & flour 
enough to be got within four miles of the station. I had to get three 
barrels at my own expense for the men. Then we marched nineteen 
days near to the St. Duskey Towns where we met with a party of 
Indians. We killed two and wounded one more. I mention the pro- 
visions for the good of the service in future. The contractors for the 
army will furnish the full ration of good salt provision at every station 
for six pence per ration. I understand some gentlemen has represented 
the Impropriet}'^ of my continuing the command of Rangers & except- 
ing of a commission in the Federal Troops. It is true I did Except of 
a commission, but on those principles. I had General Knox word that I 
should continue my command, or I never should have of excepted of it, & 
they never called on me only to write to the diff<erent Captains Respect- 
ing their Recruiting Business. Mr. Wills informed me that the last 
session Capt. Connel so solicited him, by a letter which I saw, to have him 
appointed Captain of the Rangei*s. But I hope no man of his principles 
& inexperience in the woods, will be promoted before Capt. McGuiro, 
Capt. Pareons, & Capt. Bukey, who are all Gentlemen of experience & 
whom canfidenee can be placed in, for they have frequently distinguished 
themselves as Voluntiers worthy of publick attention. 

Gentlemen, I have enclosed you a surtiflcate signed by all the Magis- 
trates and field officers except four magistrates whom I never presented 
it to, and one field officer. If there should remain the least doubt on 
your minds of my neglecting my duiy^ I can send you a surtificate to 
the same purpose signed by 300 oi the most respectable sitizens of the 
County. I can assure your Honours I find myself very much mortifyed 
to think I have spent the prime of my days on a dangerous frontier in 
Ranging & scouting voluntarily for the protection of the Inhabitants? 
except part of the three last years, and now to have my character ingered 
by a few malicious pcreons under a cloak of deception. Upon the 
honor of a Gentleman, I would wish no longer to be in existence if I 
disgraced my military charocter. All the within stigmy with which I 
have accused my antagonists I should bo pleased to have an opportu- 
nity of soporting by a number of Respectable Testimonials. 



1 ALEX^AR OF STATE rAPKRa 351 

DeAT Sir^ I kope t«mi will |iAnlon siu'^h * l^niir i^sitaltxirtio ol roy IT^ 
<rrieTM>ces, a$ my <<ebt>lA<tH*k abilitios was not ^^^ni|Vloui to \hmiI;iu) iu Jaw, U^h 

I am with Re<peou 

Your nitv^i olHHlionl humhlo ^^n^nu 

WM, MKMAOHAX. 



J. Ahblkb ti> the (Governor in Cor.Nrtt.. J^iu U)lh 

Sir: 

I apprehen«l that I am roslmiiKHl by the Ael ol iho Uisl session tVtnn Tit^nsurv 
exchanging <-erli6eates out of the sinkin«x 1*"»^*J **«^>' warninls issuihI to 'M**'^'"**'** 
foreign Creditors unless the claim lor which such warmnls issuini wert* 
liqui<iate<] previous to the passing ol thai act. IT I am wn>ng the Hon* 
'ble Board will be pleased to correct me. 

1 am with great Respect, 

Your Kxcellency's mast obt, Sorv't, 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. Jan. UHh 

Sir: 

The amount of the Pay-roll of the Su])orintondnnt, Armouror« and Council 
Guard at the Point of Fork, appears to be Eighty-nine pouiulH eleven ** **** 
shillings. 

By a statement of cash received and expended it appeal's that the 
superintendent has collected of sundry pei'sons indebted to I he public 
for articles sold by order of the Executive the sum of Kighty ])ound8 
one shilling and six pence, that he has disbursed the sum of £7(1 7k (Jd, 
leaving a balance of three pounds fourteen shillings in his hands, which, 
in or«ler to a final settlement at the close of the j'car, as usual may bo 
deducted from the pay-i*olL making the balance for which a warrant 
should issue, £85 17 0. 

The vouchere supporting the Disbursements, together with the other 
Documents herein reported on, are herewith submitted. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, with due Respect & consideration, 

Your most ob*t serv't. 



JOHN^ALIAFERRO TO THE GOVERNOR. Jan. lOth 

Dear Sir: 

During the passage of the law authorizing the Kxecutive to 
appoint officers for the collection of the arrears of taxcA, you wore 



252 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. pleased to express a wish that Mr. Peter Hansbrough, a man who has 
Jan. 10th for a number of years shown great abilities in that line, would act in the 
Brigade of which King George forms part. Since my return home, 1 
have consulted him on the subject, and find him willing to serve. I 
hope, therefore, you will be so obliging as to lay his pretensions before 
your board — most of whom are no doubt acquainted with Mr. Hans- 
brough's merit as a public officer. With kind compliment« to Mrs. Lee, 

I am, D'r 8*r, with every sentiment of real regard. 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't scrv't. 



Jan. 11th William Well's Deposition. 

Ohio count}', to- wit: 

Ohio Co. William Wells appeared before me, the subscriber, one of the Jus- 

tices of the Peace in the County aforesaid, and made oath that he sei-vcd 
as an Ensign in Capt. McMachan's Company from the 26th day of June 
last to the 1st of December, & that at the station at the Mingo Towns 
w'ere this deponent was, Capt. McMahan at his own expence had built 
a large Block House, & that during the said time the men at the said 
station were supplied with six days of salt provisions only, & that the 
station at Hollyday's Cave were without supplys for three weeks, & fre- 
quently at the station at the Mingo Towns, they were without supplies 
for a week & ten days at a time, & during the said time the men were 
ordered to scout four days in every week, & that at the station at the 
Mingo Towns actually to the knowledge of this deponent the Captain's 
ordei's were executed. & this deponent further saith that provisions 
were plenty & convenient, & that to his knowledge Capt. McMahan fre- 
quently & pressingly called on Mr. Wood for supplies. 

Subscribed & sworn to before me, the subscriber, this 11th day of 
Jan'y, 1793. 

WILLIAM WELLS. 
BENJ'N BIGGS. 



Jan. 11th William Wells to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Ohio Co. Capt. McMjihau having the Command given him by Gen'l Waine of 

the Troops that are to protect our frontiers, &^ms given general satis- 
faction to this country in the command he had last year, it would be my 
wish to Join him with the men I have the honor to Command as scouts 
in the Commission I have had given as Lieutenant. You will oblidgo 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 253 

me to inform me by Capt'n Bakcy of what you would think necessary & 1793. 
proper for me to do. Jan. llth 

I have the honor to bo, 

Y*r Exeellencj-'s most ob't serv't. 



William MgMachan to the Governor. Jan. llth 

Sir: 

I beg leave to inform you that since I discharged the state Troops 
agreeably to my instructions General Wayne has given me the com- 
mand of Capt. Crawford's company of Riflemen that ho recruited in this 
county, and Eight scouts allowed by the United States for our defence; 
likewiso he requested mo to write to you and inclose a copy of my in- 
structions, which I have inclosed. I have sent my pay-roll and muster- 
Roll, and the scout's accounts for their service by Capt. Bakey, which I 
hope will meet with 3'our approbation. I also think it in some measure 
incumbent upon mo to inform you that the people generally havo con- 
ceive themselves grieved by not having the liberty of recommending 
such men who they would confide in as scouts. Mr. Wells I find has 
appointed his scouts chiefly from a small part of country, & the object 
of us would be to havo scouts appointed from the different parts of our 
County, upon the recommendation of the citizens living on the respec- 
tive parts of our frontiers — this was the plan I pursued last year, & 
found it gave satisfaction, & you will discover from the petition enclosed 
it would have given great satisfaction at present. Mr. Wells is a good 
young man, and I should think it proper for him to Join mo, having tho 
command given me by Gon. Wainc of the troops that aro to protect us, 
& it is also Mr. Weirs desire. You will oblige me to let mo, by the 
return of Capt'n Bakey, know of your intentions; & permit mo to beg 
you to inquire of Capt. Bakey, tho bearer, of every circumstance re- 
specting this oart of our frontier, that you may wish to be informed of. 
1 must also trouble you with a deposition of Mr. Wells', conceiving it in 
some measure ncocpsary for my own Justification from what I have 
heard. 

r have tho honor to bo, Y> most Ob't Sorv't. 



(Circular.) 
Th. Jefferson, Secretary of State, to the Governor. Jan. llth 

Sir: 

1 have the honor to send you herewith enclosed, two copies duly Phila- 
authenticated, of An act concerning the registering and recording of delphla 
ships or vessels, and being with sentiments of tho most perfect Respect, 

Your Excellency's most Obedient & most humble Servant. 



254 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Moses Chapline, Clerk op Ohio County, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Jan. 12th The Justices of Ohio having received a letter from Executive of 

Ohio Co. this Stale, in which they ware requested to inform them, without loss of 

time, wheather the diferent sheriffs commissioned for the county of 

Ohio ever gave Bonds for the collecting of Taxes in the years 1786, 89, 

90, 91, &c. I therefore, at the Request of the said Justices, have sent 

you by the bearer. Col. Benjamin Biggs, Copyes of all the diferent 

bonds entered into for the collecting of Taxes for the yeai*s 1787, 88, 89, 

90, & 91, and it doth not appeare from the Records of this county that 

their was any bonds entered into by any sheriff for the collecting of 

Publick Taxes previous to the year 1787. 

I have the honor to be with great respect. 

Your mo. ob't Serv'l. 



Jan. 15th Andrew Hamilton to the Governor. 

Sir : 

Greenbrier Mr. John Mathews, a native of this county, a promising young man 

of Growing Reputation, takes this opportunity of addressing 3'our Ex- 
cellency thro, mo, as a Candidate for Ensign ill Gapt. Moses Mann's 
Company of Rangers. He being bred in the frontier County of Green- 
brier, & nephew to Gen'l Geo. Mathews, late of Congress, will I trust 
render him as eligible to the appointment uj^ any young man of his age 
or experience of my acquaintance. I would therefore take the liberty 
of recommending him to your favour, not doubting but that his ability 

& diligence under the superinteudance of his Captain will bo a 

introduction to his advancement in the warfaring Department. 

I am, sir, with sentiments of respect. 

Your Excellency's ob't H'ble Serv't. 



Jan. 15th John Stuart to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Greenbrier Capt. Moses Mann Informed mo an Ensign is yet to bo appointed to 

his compan}' of volunteer militia, and on the entreaty of Mr. John 
Mathews, I have taken the liberty to mention him to your Excellene^' 
as a young man worthy of such an office in the opinion of most people 
in this place, and vcrj^ agreeable to Capt'n Mann. Should he be 



C-LLEXI>AB OF STATE PAPEIIS. 



ijkTciiirod. 3 iuiT^ boi a doubt but be viU rt^Ddi-r irt^DcraJ sjaisfkctioii mid 179S, 
2i<*quii LimiH'li" "wiib bc»u<»UT. ,l&ii. l^tL 

I baiTf ti>f liioivtnr i<> be:. 

Your Exw>1)ciktV t»b'i Hum Wo Sc-rr't., 



Tso& Li:wis Tc> m G<^Ti»oiL 



Jan. l^iti) 



ir. 



Your Ext^eDC-v will cx<ai<*t' nic for dc»1 itnsweriTiir TOur> f^*^^TivT^ sii^ 1 
did T»c»l iH*wiTe h TO iHatTibe bkst of Xi»rcTTil»tT. wbk-b put il c»ui <if lujr 
j*c»wvr to ir'tTe tout Exteliconr anv inlormi^lion for il>e d<4eDoe <»f tins 
c»uDlv, jij* ibe TOtrnsore* for ibe Eiisuiri^ Ttjau* would W itdopt«d brfoiv 
you w»ujd rot^eiTt* H. I did not suppo**e it DWiessarr to irrre my opicHMi, 
but jllt aid TOur Exc^lleiKT tibonld jifik of me for the benefit of mx 
ixmntrr. I ^bnU t-bearfnJlv ^ve wiibout jlut euK^lumenu 

A** tbe IfUsiDcta^ of ibe (xmutj b&f U'Tmiii^dd, 1 coii»der it ny dmy 
t-^ m^Dtiorj to T<»ur Ex<ie>lleDCT tbe cirMimsuincciS of what kas ljLk«ii 
pla^^ ID the apfK^iutmeiot of a comznissajy. 

Mr. AJkai Prior by CoL DiLsSel Booiw's deUy, was appoint^ t-o go 
forward, a** be will make a^^pear by kdter ( wbieb be will pfx>diK>e it yoar 
ExeeikfDty <:all^ for. ) from the cx^uuty Lietut^ U* make proTisioo for 
Capt. Ca{le^tor)'^ Company, asd of tbat of Capt. Morn«^ acting in con. 
juDC'tion with bim. 

I call assure your Exoelleney tiiai llr. Prior has done everytbin^ in 
bis power or iu tJbtr power of any pers^>iis undertaking at the period he 
did. Tbc ].Nrr9^JD^ a}*point4;>d. tbrou^ 9H>me channel unknown to me,, to 
supcriutend the basduedei a^ Commissary. I can fidly declare to your 
Excellency that the l«earer, Mr. Allen Prior, is more c^»mpetent to the 
bu!^ine8^ then the |<erBoD apfK^ntod by yoor Excellency. I hope your 
Excvlleocy will excuse me lor being m* irte in giving my i«entiraentK 

Auy ^^ue^lion^ your Excellency wishes to ask rtsj^i meeting tbij? county, 
the Bearer will be able to ioform. I can 7XM?ommend him to vour Ex- 
cc'lk-ncy a& a Pcrssun of truth k veracity. 

1 bave the honor t-o l:«e, with the greateet Kstoem, 

Your Exceliencie's most Olnxl't Serv't. 



roint 



John Wil60!i to THB»GovEa3K»a. Bsciiosiso Rnxui of Coumr. 



Jan. inh 



Sir 



The £rjcUi!i»ed IftCtum wa^ made at a time when I was not at Courts Randolf^ 
therefore cannot ioform you why then* was not three mentioned in the Ooonty 



256 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEJRS. 



1793, ord T as tho law directs. I forwarded two copies to you by the two 
Jan. 17th Delegates from this count}' in the late Assembly. Mr. Bogard informed 
me that the reason why the Commission did not come to hand by him, 
was that Mr. Edward Jackson, the present acting sheriff, had it at his 
option to serve the time of two years, and had only served one — how- 
ever he has gave bond to collect the Revenue for the year 1790 and 1791, 
and therefore cannot collect for the year 1792. 

I am, sir, with due regard & Esteem, 

Your Obedient, Huml. Sorv't. 

Randolph County, Jan'y 17th, 1793. 
Sir: 

When the inclosed order passed in Court, it was not mentioned that 
the Executive had directed the Courts by letter not to recommend In- 
spectors nor Deputy Sheriffs. It did not strike my mind, or I would 
have mentioned it, therefor in obedience to the instructions of the Ex- 
ecutive, thought it proper to inform you that Mr. Gibson who is men- 
tioned in the return, was at the time of his appointment & now is u 
Deputy shoriflF. 

I am, with Regard & Esteem, 

Your Ob't, Hum. Serv't, 

JOHN WILSON. 

At a Court held for tho county of Randolph, July the 23rd, 1792: 
Ordered, That Cornelius Bogard and John Jackson, Gent., be recom- 
mended to his Excellency, tho Governor, as a proper ]>or3on8 to fill the 
office of sheriff for this county. 

Copy — Teste : 

JOHN WILSON, C. C. 

E. Jackson ap'y'd Oct. 18, 1791. 

At a Court held for the county of Randolph, September the 24th> 
1792: 

Ordered, That William Gibson and Jacob Westfall, Junior, be recom- 
mended to his Excellency, the Governor, as proper persons lo fill the 
office of Justices of the Peace for this county. 

Copy — Teste : 

JOHN WILSON, C- C. 



Jan. 18th Phil. Clayton's Petition to tub Governor. 

His ExceH'y, the Governor, & the Hon'bie the Council: 

The petition ol P. (Clayton Humbly shewetb that in December, 
1786, he was under a Resolution of tho General Assembly appointed &^ 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 257 



Clerk to finisb tho businoss assigned to thn Uon'blo Boiling Starke, 1793. 
Dec*d; that the resolution under whieb your petitioner was appointed, Jan. 18th 
lell the allowance to be made for such services to the discretion of your 
Honors. 

That One hundred pounds pr. annum being the affixed sum allowed 
by the General Assembly for the clerks on the civil list, your petitioner 
was therefore allowed no more or less than the customary sum, as your 

petitioner humbly conceives from the Justice of the case. Since 

which, the Assembly have allowed Mr. Heitman the sum of £160 p. 
annum, allowing the arrearages accruing between the first & second 
allowance. That 3'our Petitioner having been engaged at the same kind 
of business equally difficult & laborious, conceives himself entitled to an 
extra allowance, more especially as he was really a considerable part of 
the time engaged in extra business, assisting the solicitor, which did in 
nowise come within the proposed or intention of the first allotment, 
made your petitioner as his immediate duty. 

Wherefore your petitioner is induced to pray a further compensation 
for his extra services, according to tho merits of his case. And your 
Petitioner shall ever pray, &c. 

P. S.— Stayed in the sol'rs* office till Nov'r, '89. 

Should be urged in Council that all my time belonged to the Public, 
I answer I am warranted in asking pay for extra services by a custom 
established by the Executive in favour of the solicitor; they p'd him 
about 75£ p. annum for extra serv's, and still he yet received the 1 p. c. 
on the R*ct of the duties. 

If it should be asked why I am more entitled to a further comp'n than 
Mr. Shepard, who served in the soPs office at the time. I answer he has 
been amplj* compensated since he rec'd i a p. ct. on the duties & 50£ p. 
annum Extra, while the sol'r was absent; he also recced a compliment of 
f of a i^uarter's sal'y, for w*h was allowed Mr. Pendleton as sol'r. They 
will be pleased to observe that I generally attended after Dinner, w'cb 
was not customary in the audVs office. 

In Council, December 12, 1786. 

Mr. Phil Clayton is ap]>ointed clerk to Act under the direction of the 
Solielor-General to bring up & post the deficiency in the public biXiks 
of iIk* auditor'n office lately assigned to Boiling Starke, Esq., whose 
allowance shall l>e one hundred pounds p. annum. 

Extract frr>m minutes: 

A, BLAIK, C. C. 

< ontinue/i from the above apfKiintmeot till 1st Nov., 1789* 



33 



258 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



office 



1793. J. Pendlbtqn, Auditor, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Jan. 18th I have seen the Act in titled an Act to provide more eff'eetually for 

Auditor's the collection of the public taxes in certain cases, to which your Excel- 
lency directed my attention. The 3d section related to a subject on which 
roy office cannot at present afford any information, as all the accounts 
respecting sequestered Estates, are contained in the paper money books 
in the hands of Comm'r Davies. The 4th section relates to the speedy 
recover}' of all public debts. I do not perceive, sir, that any statements 
are necessary to be laid before the honorable Board in the first instance 
relative to those operations. I suppose it is requisite that the Execu- 
tive should instruct the Attorney- General & the auditor pursuant to law; 
if, however, the Board should think that more than this is necessary, 
they will be pleased to give me their commands. 

I presume the Report which the law directs the Executive shall make 
to the next Assembly, will be grounded on the auditor's Report to the 
Board, w*ch will be explicit as the Legislature can wish. It will show 
the names and description oi the debtors, the sum due, the nature of the 
debt, at what period it became due, and the steps taken for the recovery 
since the passing of the Act. 

I have the honor to be, 

Y'r Excell'y's mo. obt. Serv*t. 



Jan« 18th Confession of John Thweatt, of the county of Dinwiddie, apprehended 
in Chesterfield for forging tobacco notes: 

Confesses that on 3'e 14th inst., Jno. Coventon, of Mecklenburg, and 
Burwell Grigg, of Mecklenburg or Charlotte, proposed to him the said 
Thweatt to go about among the different warehouses & endeavour to 
get 3 or 4 blank tob'o notes & fill them up with the numbers & weights 
agreeable to ye list they had given him, which list is in ye han.ds of VV. 
Jowler, the prosecutor, with other papei*s. Covington & Grigg are to 
meet Thweatt in Petersburg, on Sunday next, to divide the money, &c., 
at the house of McNabb which he formerly occupied. 

W. MoKENNIE. 

Kepeler Goodwyn, an evidence. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 259 



Jos. Weisiqer to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

I was honored with yours giving information respecting a forgery Jan. 20th 
of Tobacco notes; measures have been taken in order to apprehend Petersburg 
those who are suspected, and it is mortifying to me that I cannot inform 
you the}' proved successful. 

I have the Ilonor tr) be, sir, with ver}' great respect, 

YV mo. ob't S't. 



And'w Lewis to the Governor, Jan. 22d 

Sir: 

I received your Excellenc^^'s favor of the 12th of Nov*r last, and Bath Co. 
wrote you in answer to it, yet have some Reason to beleive it has not 
come to hand. I am extremely oblidgod to you for the nomination in 
Capt. William Lewis's company of vol. militia, and should except of the 
appointment, only cannot think of serving under Mr. Mann, his Lieut., as 
I conceive there has been partiality used in the Recommendation. Should 
you find it convenient to appoint me to serve my country in any other 
company on the Frontier. I don't care whare, I shall do it with pleasure, 
and can with conveniance Raise young men fit for the service. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most Ob't servant. 



260 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 
Jan. 22(1 

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CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 261 



James Innes, Attorney-General to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

I lament that the resolutions of the Legislature respecting the suit Jan. 22d 
of the Indiana company against this commonwealth do not speak a more 
decisive language as to the proper lino ot conduct to bo pursued in a 
case of such delicacj' and importance. If no counsel be employed the 
question of jurisdiction will not he agitate<i, and the bill may bo taken 
pro confessio; on the other hand an appearance by the state may be 
interpreted into an acknowledgement of the power of the Federal Court 
to cite her before its tribunal. Thus entrenched by difficulties, I am at 
at a loss to know what to advise. To act with due circumspection, 
information is nece8sar3\ At this distance it cannot be obtained in time. 
1 submit therefore whether it might not be expedient that a member 
of the supreme Executive ot this country should repair to Philadelphia 
during the ensuing term of the appellate court, invested with discretion- 
ary powei's to adopt such measures as may appear most proper to pre- 
serve the sovereignty of the State from the attempted usurpations, afler 
maturely consulting with our senatoi's and represenlatives in Con- 
gress. 

I have the honor to be with due respect, 

Your most obedient servant. 



Petition of Inhabitants op Randolph County for protection against Jan. 22d 

Indians. 

To the Honorable the Governor and Council of the state of Virginia: Randolph 

Your petitioners Humbly Beg leave to Inform your worships of 
our exposed situation to savage cruelty. Our Lands have Layen 
wast for sundry years By Reason of Depredations comitted on them 
b}^ the Indians Whereby we have suffered great loss, and are still suffer- 
ing; and we have undertook to Reinhabit our Lands this j'ear. But with 
great Reluctance, and as we have no assurance of protection from the 
soldiers Imbodied By your late Instructions, the prayer of your petition- 
ers is that your Honours will please to consider our Dangerous situation 
and direct that some of Captain Bogard's soldiers or some others Be 
allowed for our safety, to be stationed on the Lands of James Wamfley 
or near thereunto. And in expectation of tho same, wo kept your 
Humble petitioners, and shall as in Duty Bound forever pray. 

Edward Hart, Thomas Show, 

Vallentine Holnaker, William Danahan, 

Wm. Gibson, James Peirce, 

St. Leger Stuart, George Westfall, 



262 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 


Michael Jackson, 


John Curraine, 


Jan. 22d 


John Blair, 


Jones Word, 




Wrn. Fronies, 


John Cunningham, 




Joseph Skelton, 


James McCiair, 




John Gibson, 


Boston Stain aker, 




John Casey, 


William Ira Shaw, 




James Brigg, 


Samuel Bringham, 




Sylvester Ward, 


Gasper Bogard, 




John Blow, 


John Ci*08S, 




John Iladdan. 


John Cass. 



Jan. 22d 



Auditor's 
otfice 



J. Pendleton, Auditor, to the Governor. 

Sir: 

I have not 3'et met with any pei*son going to Philadelphia, who 
would take charge of the Books w'cli the Executive directed to be for- 
warded to Col. Davies. Don't you think, sir, if ihay were put into a 
strong box and directed to Col. Davies, at Philadelphia, recommended 
to the care of the Postmastere at the different stages, they might thus 
be safely conveyed? I would willingly have availed myself of the 
opportunity 3^ou mentioned yesterday of sending out Lists of the Pen- 
sionei-s tor the year 1792, but the Printer has not had leisure to get them 
ready. 

I am, 

Y*r Ex'y's most obed't Sorv't. 



Jan. 24th 



Council 
office 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Upon an examination of the papers brought by Colonel Biggs, I 
find a muster- Roll & pay-rolls of Captain Mc.Machan's Company of vol- 
unteer militia, including the militia under Lieutenant Wells, as well as 
of the Detachment of said Company under Lieutenant Evans, duly 
authenticated and correspondent with each other. 

These papers go to support a claim of the said Company & militia for 
pay fi-om the 15th of September to the tii*st of December, and of the 
said Detachment from the 5th of June to the 1st of December. 

The ration account for the company and the militia immediately under 
the command of Captain McMachan only, is presented for settlement; 
That of Lieutenant Evans's detachment is not forwarded. Seperate 
claims of four scouts authenticated by their own Oaths, certified by the 
Captain and counter-signed by the County Lieut., are presented for set- 
tlement. 

I have the honor to be, sir. 

Your moat Ob*t Serv't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. ^63 



Jobs J±ck:$k*s tv> thk Guveanoe. ITl^v 

Sir: 

i think it niy duty u» lntV»nu you th:ii the ittiiiiuit ot^ 0:ipt, \Vm. J«n. :N%U) 
Low I her extivnat^iy MaiuaiMc lV»r >«»mc limi' j^isl. Instead of' attoiidiiig Hiick llAiMm 
l«» His l^uiy. ho Imployt>l hi> lime in (lamhiinij. Rioting. ^<\; ho Hv;Al<Hi 
the mtrn wb«> * arv under him in <^ui*h a manner that it isthoui^ht hooan 
i^it iH> others to iii;^«;e. Ins^t^*ad ot* paying his men thar wagi^tv would 
M»ek oi-«;a>ion to |»urvha$<.' Clames on them, and then slop the money. I 
conceive that not <»nly the Intrust, hut Reputation and dignity of the 
Conuiioii wealth suffers — lis eertaiidy an Im)K)sition to have a man in 
[Miblic ottiee who disreganis the puhlie Intrust. During all the time he 
has hin in servis, lie has nf>t visite the Diffen.'nl stations, but has Im- 
ploy'd him>elt* in amusements of various Kinds, If the Intbi*mation 
which this gives is Doubletl, it may be Known from meney. 

I am, sir, 

Y> Ob't Si^rv t. 



Cornelius Boqaed to the Governor. Jan. 24th 

Sir: 

After my respect?, these &re to inform you that the Indians hath not Randolph 
Done any Injury on our frontiers yet, but it is our expectation that thoy ^^^^**^^^' 
will be among us as soon as the wmter is over. And, sir, I would think 
it would be for the safety of our county in general to have a party of 
men stationed near the upper end of the settlement as that part has 
been Broke up by the Indians and several valuable places has lay waste 
lor some 3'ears, which will be settled next spring if the people were sure 
of a sufficient Guard. Mr. Morgan has only appointed one spy for this 
count}' until! the spring, and he lives upward of thirty miles from our 
settlement. I am sensible that our county will require six spys in the 
spring, and a full company of men Belonging to this county to be sta- 
tioned at several places whore it is best for the general safety of the 
Inbaliitants, & as for choosing the spys, I would desire to have that 
privilege myself, as I am perfectly acquainted with the abilities ef every 
man in the County, and Could appoint such as their ability and veracity 
would not be disputed. Sir, I shall at every oppurtunity Eniorm you of 
the situation of affairs here, and desires the favour of your further 
orders by the Bearer, Mr. Jackson. 

And remain with Due Esteem, 

Your Obedient Servant. 



264 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Wm. Lowther to the Governor. 

D'r Sir: 
Jan. 25th I KocVI your CominisHion of Captain by the hand of Hczokiah 

Davison, which I do accept and find myself happy in having it in my 
power to render service to your Excellency and ray suffering fellow 
Citizens. 

I have the vanity to flatter myself that past services has been pleas- 
ing, which shall and ought to be Motives to Induce mo to gain a con- 
tinuation of yours and ray fellow citizens' favour. 

Notwithstanding I have been informed that complaints were to he 
lodged before you against Lieutenant Whitman & myself, how far the 
malitious hath proceeded in laying Complaints before you, I know not; 
but is suspicious they have had some effect against Lieutenant Whit- 
man, particularly as 1 hear he is Discontinued. 

We were both hard Threatened by one of our Scouts which we turned 
out of service for his ill conduct, and Docked him part of the time he 
pretended to serve. I have Reason to beleive that some of our Dele- 
gates from this District were active in doing Mr. Whitman an Injury, 
to the woundin of his Carructor and Private feelings. 

Sir, should complaints have appeared before the Executive or any of 
the Gentlemen of your counsell, I heartily wish they may be made pub- 
lick, so that Mr. Whitman may have it in his power to do himself Jus- 
tice before you or a Court of Law. 

The Bearer, Mr. Wilson, is able to give you information as Touching 
the Premises. I Persume it will be out of my power to Engage all 
young Experienced men as Requested by your letter, and none but 
those that are acquainted with the use of the Rifle I wish to enlist. I 
wish you to Discourse with the Bearer on this subject. 

I have made some progress in the Engagement of men, but finds by 
those who has been in service last year, the}' wish to receive their pay 
for past services before they make any new engagement, Which Difi- 
culty I hope will be Removed upon the Return of Mr. Wilson, who by 
me is Impowered to settle my accounts and Receive the Money for the 
year 1792. 

By a former letter I requested you to write if the money was Ready, 
but as you did not write, I take it for granted you are fully prepared. 

I am with Regard, 

Your very Humble Sei*v't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 265 



Wm. Lowther to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

In the coui-so of last summer, I was under the uocessily of engaging Jan. 26th 
to pay seven pence half penny p'r ration for the following number — as Clarksburg 
this price exceeds that allowed by Government, the overplus will come 
out of my pocket. 1 trust if it is in your power to interpose with Gov- 
ernment in my behalf, the Justice of my claim will prompt you to it, 
especially when I declare to you upon my honor, that the only alterna- 
tive with me was either to agree to the above, or discharge part of my 
men — the latter I was loath to do, as we were far from having too many. 
The men who consumed the above rations were stationed at the mouth 
of Little Kanawa, 75 miles from this place, which is the cause they 
could not be supplied on the terms of the others. Should you upon 
considei-ation see the propriety of my being reimbursed, I rely on your 
iiiHuence & ability to effect it. I rec'd your Compliments by Mr. Wm. 
Davison, & am fully sensible of the honor done me with the greatest 
respect. 

1 am your Excellency's 

Most 0*bt & very Hum. Serv't. 



Geo. Clendenin to the Gonernor. Jan. 27th 

Sir: 

When I ordered a part of the militia into service on the Fitteenth Kanhawa 
day of last March, I also appointed Two spies to Guard a certain Inroad 
or pass of the Indians; that could not possibly be attended to by the 
Two Spies or scouts directed to our Frontier by Captain Caperton, as 
the places assigned for their service Lay at so great a distance. It is 
tiue I had no ordei*s particularly Respecting the appointment of scouts, 
but as I was directed to aid him, the said Captain Caperton, I found it 
extremely necessary to make the aforesaid appointments. I have, how- 
ever, been lately informed that Mr, William Morris, Late Representative 
of this county, has lodged a complaint against them in not having done 
their duty, and am led to Inform your Excellency That if there was any 
default, It must have originated with me, as I most solemn Ij* pledge my 
honor they never failed to execute any order I give them as far as it 
was in their power. It is certain there was several times for a week & 
uj)wards I did not suffer them t<3 go out of my Garrison, being the place 
from which they pertbrmed as well as Captain Caperton 's two scouts 
their several Towers of duty. There was times in the course of last 
summer and fall, that with all the men In the Garrison I dar not have 

sallycd out; nor for a day did I stand in this situation, but for weeks — 

34 



266 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. knowing the onoinios number far to exceed ours. In this situation I 
Jan. 27th frequently Heard the clamors of some Individuals, why I did not keep 
out the scouts? My answer to them was, that as we knew the Indians 
were among us, and that we were not able to carry on any offensive 
operations, I considered that I should be accessory to the lives of them 
if I thus exposed them knowingly. But why thi.i complaint could have 
been exhibited against Charles McClung and Lewis Newton, and not 
against John Morris & Fleming Cobbs, which is the names of the said 
four scouts, I am not a little surprised, as I am well convinced the former 
wore equally as obedient & attentive to their duty as the Latter, yet I 
cannot but say that I have my suspicious, as there has been no Good 
understanding for a number of years between the said William Morris 
and the said Charles McClung. I am sorry to say that I fear the present 
complaint has originated to gratify a wish which could not otherwise 
have been effected, and would Bog leave further to assert that he was 
one ot the first adventures to this country, even long before it Bore the 
name of Kanawha, and that every year when scouts were allowed he 
supplied the place of one, and has ever conducted as the man of Truth 
and Bravery; as to the other, I can venture to say that in a long and 
steady acquaintance with him, I have the same Right to Justify his 
character & abilities as a soldier, as I had to Justify that of Mr. 
McClung's. 

1 have therefore taken the liberty Herewith To Inclose to your Ex- 
cellency a certificate for their services, and trust you will Transmit by 
the Bearer, Allen Pryor, Esquire, the amount due to each of the afore- 
said persons, Humbl}' conceiving them to be Justly Intituled thereto. 
More Especially as on last summer was a year, I was necessitated with- 
out orders to direct two scouts into service, to which the secretary of 
war directed payment without the smallest Hesitation. 

I have the Honor to be, with great Respect & Esteem, 

Your Excellency's ob% Hbl. Serv't. 



Jan. 27th Henry Lbb, Governor op Virginia, to Lieutenant-Governor 

James Wood, Richmond. 

Dear Sir : 

Alexandria I proceed on Monday for Philadelphia, where I expect to be 

on Thursday, In full time fur the S. Business. 

The more I reflect on this subject, the more difficultys seem to encoun- 
ter the wished for accomplishment of the object of my Journey. 

I shall leave no effort untried to produce a satisfactory termination of 
the matter. 



CALBNDAH OF STATE PAPERS. 



It would give me pleasure to receive a statement of the claims of the 
C. W. Ag't the U. States, before my departure for Philad'a, & I hope 
you will direct the same to be transmitted without loss of time, if the 
requisite vouchers should soon be received. 

I beg to be presented with all respect to the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil, & am, sir. 

With great regard, 

Your most ob. serv't. 



267 

1793. 
Jan. 27th 



W. McEenzie's statement of compenBation of certain negroes, who Jan. 27th 
removed Tobacco from burning Warehouses: 

I, Wm. McKenzie, a magistrate of the aforesaid County, did on Fri- Chesterfield 
day night, the 25th Instant, on behalf of the Public, promise the negroes 
& mulattoes that would assist in removing the Tobacco out of Rocky 
Ridge Warehouses that were then on fire, that they should be amply 
paid for their services in this business. 

I think there were about twenty negroes & mulattoes that must have 
heard me make the above proclamation. 



We do hereby authorise our friend, Mr. Allen Pr^'or, to present this 
our certificate to the Honbl. the Executive of Virginia, and receive the 
pay which may appear dne to us for the within-mentioned services. 

Given under our hands and seals, the above day and date. 

CHARLES McCLUNG. [Seal.] 
LEWIS NEWTON. [Seal] 

I do certify That by my orders and that of other officers of the county 
of Kanhawa, Charles McClung and Lewis Newton served as scouts In 
the last year, fi-om the fifteenth day of March till the first day of De- 
cember — Both days Inclusive. 

Given under my hand this 27th day of January, 1793. 

GEO. CLBNDINEN, C. L. H. 
Rejected. 



Jan. 27th 
Kanhawa 



Wm. Clendinen to the Governor. 



Jan. 28th 



Sir: 

Perhaps the application which I am abont to make to you and the Kanhawa 
Honorable Board may be very unpresedented. Nevertheless, in having 
succeeded on a former occation in a similar application with the Hon'ble 



268 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. secretary of War, I feel myself the more at liberty, Particularly when 
Jan. 28th he made me an allowance when a fewer number of men were in service 
than has been the past year. 

In the year Seventeen hundred and ninety-one, about ninety men 
were in service; at which time I was allowed pa}'' In my Rank. Last 
year about One hundred and ten men were in service in this county 
from the fifteenth of March till the first of December; During which 
time I was constantly in service in providing means to defend & support 
them. 

It is unnecessary for me To enter into a Detail of the many services 
I have Rendered this & other Frontiers which I have been ordered to 
defend. By a Recurrence to your Journal you will readily see the length 
of Time I have been In service. If on Considering my case It should 
appear that I merit or am Intituled to an allowance, you will please to 
forward the same by the Bearer, Mr. Allen Pryor, or if you may find it 
necessary for any vouchers to be forwarded to Justify my claim, you 
will please to signifj^ the nature and Method in which they ought to 
appear. 

I have the Honor to be, with Great Respect and Esteem, 

Your Bxcellencie's ObH, Hbl. Scrv't. 

i do hereby certify that there has been furnished for the use of Capt. 
John Morris's company of Rangers, In the course of last year, Rations 
to the amount of Twenty-three Thousand Two hundred and Thirty- 
Eight Rations Complete; which Rations have been furnished by John 
Vanbebber, Myself, John Morris, William Morris, John Jones, Joseph 
Carrol, and others. 

Given under my hand this twenty-Eighth day of January, 1793. 

GEO. CLENDINEN, C. L. K. 
Rations, 23,238 Complete. 

Kanhawa County, Mouth of Elk, 

Jan'y the 28th, 1793. 

I do hereby certify that by virtue of the Trust Reposed in me bj' the 
Hon'ble the Executive of Virginia, I have compared the within certifi- 
cate, or abstract of Rations with the pa3'-roll and original papers, & find 
the said abstract to be Truly stated. 

Given under mj^ hand the above day and date. 

JOHN VANBIBBER. 



Jan. 28th Geo. Clendinkn, C. L. K., to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Kanbawa Capt, John Morris will present your Excellency his pay roll for his 

company, with an abstract or rather a certificate for the Rations actu- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 269 



ally furnished them. From the vciy uncertain way in which their 1793. 
Riitions could he furnished, It was impossible to tai«o out Regular Jan. 28th 
Monthly Abstracts signed by the officer commanding the different de- 
tachments. Nor was it possible for me to return any Regular Muster 
Roll, inasmuch as 1 could neither at the commencement of the service 
or at the termination thereof collect them together, without leaving the 
places where they were stationed subject to the depredations of the 
Enemy. However, from a gen*l knowledge of those called into service, 
and from a certainty that they continued therein during the time for 
which they are returned on their Pay roll, I hope your Excellency 
and the Hon'ble Board will be satisfied they were in service, and dis- 
pensed with those formalities which it was not possible for me to com- 
ply with. It will perhaps appear on the face of the pay roll that the 
men were continued a month in service longer than was necessary. But 
I beg leave to inform your Excellency that I believe the danger in a 
great measure as much exists as it did any time last fall, as they arc 
daily discovered on our frontiers since they have been disperced from 
Detroit, Havir»g no other way to subsist. We are creditably informed 
by no worse author than Gen'l Putnam that seven Hundred Indians 
Drew rations that place until a barrel of Flour cost five pounds, and 
another ration c<iuld not be issued. This is a true statement of facts. 
You will do in the business as you and the honorable board may think 
proper. 

I have the honor to be with groat Respect and Esteem, 

Your Excellencies obt. H'ble serv't. 



Jacob Westpalt/s Bond as Clerk op Randolph County. Jan. 28th 

Know all men by these presents that we, Jacob Westfall, of the county 
of Hardy, and Hezekiah Rosekrons, & Cornelius Westfall, of the county 
of 1^1ndolph, and commonwealth of Virginia, are held and firmly bound 
nnlo his Flxcellenc}' Henr}' Lee, Esq., Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Virginia, and to his successors, in the just and full sum of one thou- 
sand pounds current money, for which payment well and truly to bo 
made and done, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administra- 
tors Jointly severally and firmly by these presents. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 
28th day of January, 1793. 

The condition of the above obligation is, that whereas the above 
Bound Jacob Westfall hath this day by the court of the said county of 
Randolph, been appointed clerk of the Court for the said County. If, 
therefore, the said Jacob Westfall doth duly and faithfully execute his 
office, and doth not, at any time, remove or carry, or suffer to be removed 
or carried out of the said county, the Records and papers of the Court 



270 CALEKDAB OP STATS PAPERS. 



1793. whereof be i» elerk, or any part Ibereof. except in eases allowed by law, 
Jan. 2ML ibeo thin obhgalion to be Toi<L otherwise to remain in full force and 
firtoe in law, 

Hignerl, scaled, and acknowledged in open Coart. 

JACOB WESTFALL. [Seal] 

HEZEKIAH ROSBKRONS. [Seal] 
CORNX WESTFALL. [Seal] 

Te^te: 

ROBERT MOXWELL, Sen r Magistrate. 



Jan. 28ih CHARLES B. Joinss* Boin> as Clerk op Brciiswick County Court. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Charles B. Jones, John 
Jonca, William B. Brodnax k Ephraim Jackson, arc held and firmly 
bound unto Uenry Lee, Esquire, Governor of this Commonwealth, and 
his successors, in the Just and full sum of Throe Thousand Three Hun- 
dred and thirty-three Dollars; To which payment well and truly to ho 
made unto the said Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor of this Common- 
wealth, and his successors, we bind ourselves and each of us, our and 
each of our heirs, Executors, and Administrators, Jointly and severally, 
firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals this Twenty-Eighth day 
of January, One thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, and in the 
seventeenth year of the Commonwealth. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the above 
named Charles B. Jones, is constituted and appointed Clerk of Bruns- 
wick county Court; If therefore the said Charles B.Jones shall duly and 
faithfully execute the duties of his office according to Law, and shall not 
remove, or carry, or suffer to be carried or removed out of the county, 
the records or papers of the Court whereof he is clerk, or any part 
thereof, except in cases allowed b}' law, then the above obligation to be 
void, or else remain in full force and virtue. 

Sealed and Delivered in presence of the Court. 

CHARLES B. JONES. [Seal.] 
JOHN JONES. [Seal.] 

WM. EDW'D BRODNAX. [Seal.] 
EPHRAIM JACKSON. [Seal.] 



Jan. 28th Direotors James River Company call for £500. 

Sir: 
Richmond The last requisition of five pounds pr. share in the last year, became 

payable to the Jumes River Company on the Ist day of December. The 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 271 



Public hold one huDclrcd shares in the new Hubscription. This makes 1793. 
the sum of five hundred pounds due to the said company from the pub- Jan. 28th 
lie. We will be much obliged by an order from your Hon'ble Board 
ior that sum. 

We remain j'our Excellency's mo. obt. serv't.s, 

W. FOUSHBB, 
ED. CARRINGTON, 
J. HERON, 

Directoi-s. 



Jaues Innes, Attorney-General, to the Governor. Jan. 29tb 

Sir: 

In answer to your enquiries respecting the official duties of my Henrico 
deputies in the counties and districts, I have to inform you that I do 
not think the district attornios in any respect or on any occasion obliged 
to go from their respective residences to attend to inquests taken under 
the authority of the several escheators thro'out this state. But that it 
is their duty to assist all public officers employed in the operations of 
Government with their best counsel and advice. As to the County 
attornies, I am of opinion that their duties are limited to the prosecu- 
tions of a public nature arising within the jurisdiction of the county 
Court. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your most ob't Serv't. 



Wm. Madison to the Governor* Jan. 2ath 

Sir: 

Being applied to by some Gentlemen to make an a Iditional recom- 
mendation of persons proper to be commissioned as Magistrates for the 
county of Madison, I have taken the liberty of submitting the following 
nomination: Ambrose Barbour, Reuben Beale, Ambrose Bohannon, John 
Smith, Daniel Fields, & John Hcnehaw. The propriety of resorting a 
second time to this mode of recommending when the first could only be 
sanctioned by expediency, rests with the Executive to determine. 

I have the honour to be 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv't. 



272 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. So tbcy Btund in tho old commission of Culpepcr: 

Jan. 29th JAMES BARBOUR. 

WM. WALKER. 
ROBERT ALCOCK. 
HENRY HILL. 
WM. CHAPMAN, 

These are in commisHion that came out in Nov*r last, but cou'd with 
propriety place them 4 or 5 lower : 

AMBROSE BARBOUR. 
REUBEN FRY. 
MERRY WALKER. 
REUBEN BEALK. 
FRANCIS MADISON. 
ROBERT BEALB. 
AMBROSE MEDLEY. 
HENRY LEWLS. 
AMBROSE BOHANNON. 
ADAM BANKS. 
NATHANIEL WELCH. 
JOHN HBNCHAW. 
DANIEL FIELD. 
JOHN SMITH. 



Jan. 29th Cha&L£8 Marshall to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Inclosed is a Record containing tho conviction of a negro for a Rape. 
Tho Court in appointing the day of execution, fixed upon Friday, the 
10th day of March, which happens on Sunday. 

Tho Sheriff doubts whether he would he Justifiable in executin«j: him 
on that day. I have, therefore, as prosecutor for the county, been in- 
structed to apply to the Executive to obtain a respite for a few days^ 
that the day of execution may be so modified by it as lo clear all doubts 
respecting the business. 

Bo pleased to transmit it lo me by Post to bo left in Dumfries, from 
which place I shall be certain to receive it 

I have tho honor to be, 

YV Ob. Serv^t. 
Pob'y 20th, 1793. 

At a Court of Oyer and Term i nor held for Fauquier County, the 29tli 
day of January, 1793, for the trial of Daniel, a slave, belonging to the 
Estate of Turner Dixon, deceased, for Felony: 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 273 



Present — Martin Pickett, William Pickett, Thomas Deggs, Francis 1793. 
Triplett, and John Blackwell, Jr., (rentlemen. 

The said Daniel, who was committed to the Goal of this County by Jan. 29th 
warrant under the hand and seal of John Thomas Chunn, Gentleman, 
was set to the baiT in Custody of the Sheriff — and thereupon, Charles 
Marshall, Gentleman, Deputy attorney for the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia, in the county of Fauquier, who for the said County and Common- 
wealth informs and prosecutes, exhibited an Indictment against the said 
negro man slave, Daniel, in these words, to-wit: 

''Fauquier County, to-wit: 

Charles Marshall, Gentleman, attorney for the commonwealth for the 
county of Fauquier aforesaid, who for the Commonwealth informs and 
prosecutes, came here into Court this 29th day of January, in the year 
of our Lord, 1793, and the said Charles Marshall, Gent., attorney for the 
commonwealth in the county aforesaid, giveth the Court to understand 
and be informed that whereas by an Act of Assembly of the said Com- 
monwealth, and by the statute of the 18th year of Elizabeth, Queen of 
England, it is enacted that if any person shall unlawfully and carnally 
know and abuse any woman child under the age of Ten years, whether 
with her consent or against it, he shall be guilty of Felony without 
benefit of Clergy ; and that whereas Daniel, a negro man, slave, the 
property of Turner Dixon's estate, not having God before his eyes, but 
being moved and seduced by the Instigation of the Devil on the — day 
of January, in the year of our Lord, 1793, with force and arms at the 
parish of Leeds, and County of Fauquier aforesaid, in and upon one 
Rhody Cave, daughter of Thomtvs Cave, of the Pariah & county afore- 
said, who is an infant under the age of Ten yeare, in the peace of God, 
and the Commonwealth of Virginia, then and there being, violently and 
feloniously did make an Assault, and her, the said Rhody Cave, against 
the will of her, the said Rhody Cave, then and there feloniously did 
ravish and carnally know, against the peace of the Commonwealth and 
against the forms of the laws in that case made and provided. 

Upon which Indictment he was arraigned, and upon his arraignment 
pleaded not Guilty, and for his trial put himself upon the Court. 

Upon the examination of sundry witnesses, it is the opinion of the 
Court here that the said Daniel is guilty in the manner and form as in 
the Indictment against him is alledged; and thereupon, it being de- 
manded of him if anything for himself he had or knew to say wh}' the 
Court should not pronounce Sentence and award execution of death 
against him according to law, he said he had nothing but what he had 
before said: Therefore it is considered by the Court that he be hanged 
by the neck until he be dead, and that execution of this Judgement be 
made and done upon him, the said Daniel, b}' the Sheriff of Fauquier 
county, on Friday, the tenth day of March next, between the hours of 

36 



274 

17^. 
Jan. 29th 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

ten in the forenoon and three in the afternoon of the same day at the 
usual place of execution ; and the court value the said slave to forty 
|K>unds. 

MARTIN PICKETT, 
WILLIAM PICKETT, 
THOMAS DIGGES, 
FRANCIS TRiPLETT, 
JOHN BLACKWELL, Jr. 



A copy — Teste: 



H. BROOKE, C. C. 



Jan. aOth 



Richmond 



A. Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 

The powder furnished the troofm in the defence of the Frontiers 
on the last year being so had, induces me to make application to your 
Honourable body that we may be supplied with four hundred and fifty 
from this place, which is the amount of the order now in my possession. 
I find that Col. Gamble has excellent powder for Rifles, which he will 

, and my waggon being now in town, will save the expence of an 

extravagant charge coming against the public for having to send to 
Point of Fork for it. 

I am with Respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob*t Serv't. 



Jan. 30th 



Sam. Coleman to tue Lieutenant-Governor. 



Coancil 
office 



Sir: 



Having taken up the papers brought by Colonel Wilson with more 
deliberate attention, I beg leave to report that the muster rolls of Cap- 
tain Wm. Lowther's Company, as well when they entered into service 
as when they were discharged, are authenticated by the oaths of the 
Captain and J. P. Duval, who mustered them into service, and of Col. 
Benjamin Wilson, who mustered them iu the second instance. 

The pay-roll for said company is made conformable to the said mus- 
ter rolls, which is the only proof of its authenticity. In this pay-roll 
is included a detachment of Militia under Ensign Morgan, in support of 
which a muster is certified by Samuel Uanway, on oath, dated the 5th 
day of January, 1793, excepting three men, to- wit: Richard Tibbs, John 
JoUiffe, and Aden Bayles. who the said Han way believes either did serve 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS, 275 



the time meDtioDed in the Muster Roll themselves, or procured other. 1793. 
able men to do it for them, as appears by a certificate of the said Han- Jan. 30tli 
way on the said muster roll, which is proven b}' the oath of Knsis^n 
Morgan, also dated 5th of January, 1793, and fi-om iUs spccif3'ing the 
whole time of service, viz: five months and fourteen days, the presump- 
tion is that this muster took place the first of December, when the 
troops ought to have been discharged although the proof of the said 
muster does not mention the time when it took place. 

No muster of this detachment upon its entering into service appeal's. 
It has been continued in service up to the 12th of the present month, 
as appears by a musUr roll stating the names, rank, time of enlistment, 
and time of service, proven by the oaths oi Morgan & of Ilanway, who 
mustered them, which proof bears date the 12th day of January, 1793. 
A pay-roll is also forwarded corresponding with the muster roll as to 
names, rank, and commencement of service, without any proof but that 
of the muster roll. 

The next paper which will come under the notice of the Board is a 
pay-roll for 19 scouts employed by Captain Lowther for Harrison, Ri\n- 
dolph, and part of Monongalia. This pay-roll is proven by the oath of 
Captain Lowther, and a certificate of Col. Wilson. A question arises 
whether the oaths of the persons who performed the services ought to 
be demanded as better evidence. 

With respect to the money received of the General Government for 
the scouts who wore employed in Harrison County for the years 1790 
and 1791, I can only observe that no act of the Government of Vir- 
ginia that I am acquainted with authorized the employment of scouts 
in that county for those years, but there is now in the possession of Col- 
onel Wilson a letter from the Secretary of War exj)ressly to that end, 
dated the 13th of April, 1790, cspe<!ially directing in what manner 
application shall be made for pa3'ment. The Governor's letter, there- 
fore, to General Knox, forwarding the papers sent by Colonel Wilson, 
appears to me to have been done as a friend to Colonel Wilson and the 
scouts; and it does not appear that the Executive of Virginia have any 
thing to do with the money, except, (as it has got into the treasury) to 
pay it to (fenei*al Knox's ordci^s. 1 however, refer the Honorable the 
Executive to the affidavit of Col. Wilson, herewith enclosed. 

And have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, 

Your most obedient servant. 

Know all men by these presents, That I, William Lowther, Late Cap- 
tain of the voluntier Militia, ordered Into service under the Instructions 
of the P]xecutive of Virginia of the 12th of December, 1791, Do make. 
Constitute, and appoint Benjamin Wilson, of Harrison county and state 
of Virginia, my true and lawfull attorney for me and in my nnme and 
behalf to apply to the Executive of the State of Virginia for a full and 



276 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. •final settlement of all my accounts as Captain of said voluntier militia, 
Jan. 30th Including Scouts as pr. Muster Rolls and pay-abstracts, will a])pear 
Together, with full power to apply for and receive the ballance of monc}' 
arising Therefrom, also with full powers to alter, change, or make out 
new abstracts, as may appear necessary to the Executive in order to 
their being Justly and duly settled, so that he may be enabled to Receive 
the money, and in my name to attest for me, and to give and Receive 
such receipts and Instruments of writing as may be required to effect 
the premises hereby ratifying and confirming all that my said attorney 
shall do therein by virtue of the powers hereby granted. 

In witness whereof 1 have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal 
this Eleventh Day of January, 1793. 

WM. LOWTHER. [Seal.] 



Signed, sealed, & delivered in presence of — 



MAX. ARMSTRONG, 
HEZ. DAVISON, 
DANIEL DAVISON. 



Jan. 30th Sam. Coleman to the Lieutenant-Governor, enclosing a Letter 

FROM Captain A. Lewis. 

Sir: 
CJouncil Captain Lewis presents a muster-Roil, proving that his company 

office yf^^ mustered on the 17th and 80th of March, 1792, and generally in 
service by the 6th of that month. 

The names and rank of the men in this Roll correspond with one 
proving that the coinpan}' was mustered on their discharge. These 
Rolls so far vary as that the first states the time of the men's entering 
into service — the other the time of their enlist nent; they also differ as 
to the time of three of the men's service, which Captain Lewis accounts 
for by stating that the last Roll is erroneous through mistake. 

The pay-roll which corresponds in number with the muster Rolls, and 
which contains no more than were duly authorized by the Executive, is 
authenticated by the signature and oath of Captain Lewis. 

Eight scouts were allowed to this Company. 

The Ration Abstract acconipanyes the pay & muster Rolls. I have 
not ascertained the number necessary for the support of this Company, 
as the Auditor of course will be directed to do so, in order that no more 
be paid for than were requisite. 

It appears by a certificate of Captain Lewis, that 36 of his men were 
ordered in pursuit of the Enemy with 18 day's provision, 9 days ol 
which were rendered unfit for use^ — the contractor was of course obliged 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 277 



to supply the defieioncy. It is submitted whether these Rations be 1793. 
allowed the Contractor. I recollect that when Captain Lewis' papers Jan. 30th 
were under the consideration of the Board before this charge in the 
contractor's account was thought reasonable. 

There is a claim of the Contractor also for axes and spades, which is 
supported by Captain Lewis' certificate, amounting to six pounds ten 
shillings & 6 pence. 

T have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most Ob't Serv't. 

Sir: 

I think the Troops as now arranged under my Command is at this Jan. 30th 
time attended with more expense than is absolutely necessary. I mean Richmond 
as to the scouts ordered or under the direction of Capt. Crockett, which 
amount with the number allowed my company to sixteen. Twelve is 
undoubtedly fully suflficient unto the first of May, and indeed it's a doubt 
with me whether that number will not be sufliicient for the summer season, 
& those scouts ought to be altogether under the direction of the officer 
commanding the Troops, because in the defence of the Frontiers those 
two Bodies must act in conjunction, or the safety of the one depends on 
intt^lligence from the other. When I see an expence to fall on us that 
could be avoided, and at the same time our Frontiers ftilly protected, I 
think it my duty to lay it before your Honorable Body. Six are as 
man}* as can act from the New Garden to the lower end of Powels Val- 
ley' ; from thence to Caperton's command Pen are fully sufficient. Any 
Indian crossing the Ohio, between the mouth of Great Kanhawa and 
mouth of Sandy, will fall on the Kanhawa below the falls of s'd River, 
those crossing directly at the mouth of Sandy or below it, will not strike 
our settlement nearer the Kanhawa than the head of blue stone. Altho' 
from late accounts from Governor Blount that man}'' of the Cherokees 
are friendly disposed, 1 think it my duty to keep two scouts in the lower 
end of Powels valley until the cherokees give further proof of their 
friendly intentions toward us. 

On the 12lh of this month, when I had my Company mustered at 
Russell Court House for the service for the year '93, T observed that 
about one-half of them were new Troops and badly furnished with 

clothing. They laid their situation before me, and the troops 

that were in service, by receiving their pay, enabled them to furnish 
clothing, but suppose if one part rec'd and the other not, they may be 
dissatisfied; if your Honorable body think it ])roper to order the sum of 
two hundred pounds in acc't for the Troops now in service, I think they 
can run through to the end of time. For my Justification, I have 
brought receipts — the money p'd. If the Executive thinks proper, I 
will produce them. 

With Respect, Y'r mo. ob't serv't, 

A. LEWIS. 
The Hon. General Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 



278 CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Benj'n Wilson to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Sir: 
Jan. 3l8t Now, being fully sensible thut yourself and the Honorable Council 

Richmond cannot with propriet}' pass that part of Captain Lowther's claim thai 
Respects Ensign Morgan's Detachment, its not being passed will involve 
Captain Lowther in the paj'ing off the Harrison & Randolph Militia & 
scouts, as Capt. Lowther advanced to Ensign Morgan £110 out of the 
sum of £600 advance by order of the Executive last September — vouch- 
ers of the same I have in possession attested by Captain Lowther; also 
a minnit I took from Ensign Morgan of what he Roc'd, and the manner 
of his distribution of said £110. And no way left in my view Ren^edy 
the Difficulty and give satisfaction, but by Directing a sum to be ad- 
vanced for the particular use of Ensign Morgan's Detachment. By 
Captain Lowther not having it in his power to discharge the Harrison 
& Randolph Count}^ claims, will much distress him, and the claimants 
will be Dissatisfyed, Ensign Morgan will be Mortifyed upon the ocation 
and his men highly Displeased with him, and the protection ot our Dis- 
tressed frontier Depends much on such active officei's. 

I humbly pray that the premises may be taken into consideration and 
some Relief granted. 

I am, sir, with Respect, 

Your very Hbl. sei*vant. 



Jan. 8l8t ^^Eo. Clendinen to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Kanhawa Your Excellency will recollect that in the course of the last year, 1 

was under the necessit}* of forwarding by order of the Executive two 
Expresses — The one Mr. David Milburn, the other Pleasant Wade, who 
furnished their own Horses; the distance In going & Returning is six 
hundred & forty Miles. The first Express which is Mr. Miilburn, will 
attend to receive pay for his sei^vices. The allowance Made to the other 
you will please to forward by the Bearer, Captain John Morris, who 
will present you this letter with certificates for their services. 

I presume It is altogether unnecessary for mo to mention to your Ex- 
cellency, that I humbly conceive that the Militia who acted in conjunc- 
tion with Captain Caperton's Company, are Intituled to the same pay 
as Them — Having done the greatest part of the duty Themselves. As 
I find from your Excellencie's Letter their co-operation was approveil 
of, I have no doubt but their allowance as to pay will be the same. 

I have the Honor to be, 

Your Excellency's Ob't, Hbl. Serv't. 



CALEXI^AE or STATE PAPERS. 



lie Bu*iDes?N. in i1k- mi^oibof Mjotrh Ldfc>i. I>ivit3 Miihwm, who fur' vi^^hcni 
hi$ own b«»rst : iLv dJ>iAX»cie in goiuir and Rei^airnng i?; ^-ix bundrod 4U>d 
fortv milcsL 

Given under idt hand tbe above dav ^ daU\ 

GEO. CLENI>ENIX, O. L, K, 



Geo. rLEXDBSix, C. L, K., ro the Governor, jIaii. i^l<4 

Sir: 

Give me leave to Introduce to \'our Exeelleney mv tnend» Mr, Allyn Kanhawa 
Pryor, wbo waiter on your Honorable Boanl to Receive |>ayment for the 
Rations by biin fumisbed for tbe use of that detachment of Oaptain 
Caperton's Company that were ^tatione^l at the Mouth of Kanhawa, 
eomniande<i by Lieutenant Cooper. On the Failure of Colo. l>auiel 
Boon. I was eompelle<l to make some arrangements for the sup|>t»rt of 
said detaebnient. otherwise they must have been disbandeii; aud on ad- 
vising witb Colo. Thomas Lewis, I found there was no person in the 
county* could do tbe Business with as great certainty as Mr. Pryor — 
Having form'd connections and credit witb all tbe flower Manufaclurei*s 
as High up the River as Fori Pitt. 

In conducting this Business, bo has exerted himself in such manner 
as proves bis warmest Intention to serve tbe Public. Wheretoi*e Colo. 
Lewis, as well as myself, fully expected he would have the preferrenco 
tbe present year; That some other person or perhaps pei*sons have en- 
tered into this lugagenient, we are informed is tbe fact. How fur tbo 
change ma}' Tend to facilitate the Business and the Happiness of tbo 
Inhabitants and soldiers, time will determine; lor my own part I doubt 
tbe issue. 

I am inform'd, & 1 believe creditably too, Tbat it is inlendod tbat tbo 
soldier be supply*d with corn meal, wbicb cannot at present bo prepared 
In any other manner than to beat it in a Mortar or Grind it in a horso 
mill, which will be a very poor substitute lor Flour, which 1 think they 
soldiers are Justly Intituled to. 

Your Excellency is no stranger to tho situation* of a soldier and smull- 
ness of his allowance at best, and how mai»y ways ho must Turn and 
twist his allowance to make it answer tho desired j)urposo, and what a 
particular advantage his flower is to him for tho purpose of soop, &(?. 
But Independent of all these considerations, 1 hope that I shall never 
see tbe speculator suffered to speculate on tbe distresses ol the distrosHc<l. 



280 

1793. 
Jan. 3l8t 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEJRS. 

At this very time I can assure your Excellency that flower can be 
procured on as good Terms as it could have been for many years past, 
and had some person been appointed living at the Mouth of Kanhawa, 
It would have Readily been in his power to have supplied the Station 
Intended at Bolleville, sixty miles up the Ohio, and then on the Kanhawa, 
and have prevented the least murmur on the occation, while agreeable 
to the present arrangement, as we are told the whole is to be supplied 
with corn meal Eighty or ninety miles up the River Kanhawa. 

1; sir, as well as Col. Lewis, felt myself extreamely wounded on hear- 
ing that in having procured Mr. Pryorto do this Business, I had set him 
up as a mark for malice or Ill-natured assertions, without him even 
having it in his power to defend himself. But whatever may have been 
said or told to your Excellency To his prejudice Is groundless, for I do 
not compliment Mr. Pry or when I say that as far as any action of his 
life has come to public view, since he resided in this county, he has fully 
acquitted himself as an honest man and a gentleman. 

I have the Honor to be, with great Respect and Esteem, 

Your Excellency's Ob't, Hbl. Serv*t. 



Jan. 31st 



Kanhawa 



Wm. Clendenin to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Inclosed Is a certificate for ammunition By me furnished for the use 
of Captain John Morriss* company of Banging militia whilst in service 
the last year; The amount of which I Request j^our Excellency to pay 
to my Trusty friend, Mr. Allen Pryor, and this, my letter, will be a lull 
receipt to the Houbl. the Executive for directing said payment. 

1 have the Honor to bo, 

Your Excellency's Ob*t Serv't. 



January 



Thomas Drummond's Account. 



To Thomas Drummond, 



Dr.: 



Jan. 9. To 37 Dutch Blankets furnished to protect R. Ridge 

Warehouses from fire. 10, - - - - 18 10 

7 Large Rugs, Do., Do., 32, - - • - 11 4 

£29 14 



CALENDAR OF STATB PAPEKS. 



281 



Wm. Da vies to the Governor, with Enclosure from J. Amblkr. 1793. 



Sir: 

I am required by the General Board to explain the object of a con- 
tract with Messrs. Braxton, Herbert & Claiborne, formerly made by tho 
Executive to deliver to them 400 hhds. in June & Sep., 1780; these gen- 
tlemen are debit^Ml to Webb & Ambler for 347,000 lbs. of Tobacco in part 
of this contract. 1 cannot collect from any book or paper in my posses- 
sion how this debt originated, or what the state received in Exchange. 
This is required of me to show the propriety of bringing forward this 
charge against the Union. As the most of these gentlemen reside in 
Richmond, 1 have presumed to trouble your Excellency on this Occasion. 
A more explicit and speedy solution will be obtained on your requisition, 
and as the progress of investigation of our accounts has become more 
rapid in proportion, as the arrangements of the State are better under- 
stood, it will become necessary that tho information sho'd be brought 
forward without delay. 

I have the honor to i*emain with perfect Respect, sir, 

Your most humble Servant. 



Feb. 1st 

Phila- 
delphia 



Sir: 

Ah one of a committee of the Executive, I executed several com- 
meix*ial transactions in the years 1780 and 1781, and I'ecollect one at 
least of them was with Mr. Braxton, but what was the particular nature 
of the transaction I am at a loss now to say; the only records of those 
transactions were preserved in the Journals of the Executive, and the 
commercial Agent's Books. I have been endeavoring for two days to 
discover Mr. Charles Irvin's Books, who was Agent for Mr. Braxton in 
the business alluded to, but he carried them with him to Amherst. 

I am, with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't serv't, 

J. AMBLER. 
14th March, 1793. 



James Hawkins, Captain of Rangers, to the Governor. 



Sir 



My Company will be in want of about thirty musquits with the 
necessary accoutrements. If it will not he improper would thank you 
for an order on tho new London magazine for the same, and as much 
ammunition as you ma}' think sufHcient. If the time & place of our 
Rendezvous is fixed, would be glad to be informed thereof. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with much Respect, 

Your very humble Serv'i. 
36 



Feb. 2d 



Fincastle 



282 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEKS. 



1793. 



Wm. Madison to the Governor. 



Feb. 2d 
Culpeper 



Sir: 

In a letter of the 29th Jan'y, I took the liberty of rocom mending 
several persons to the Executive as proper persons to be comnnissioned 
as Magistrates, in which I omitted Henrj' Bell. *If, therefore, it shall 
be the sense of the Executive to regard any communication that I have 
made subsequent to my departure from Richmond, I hope Mr. Bell will 
likewise be commissioned, and to take rank next to Reuben Bealo. 
However, I wish to suggest this Idea, as there was a sufficient number 
nominated ai Richmond to fonn a court and to elect the necessary officers, 
will it not be most eligible to postpone an augmentation of their body 
untill a court shall be held ; when it shall be deemed necessary, the 
recommendation may be made in the usual mode. 

I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv't, 



Feb. 2d 



Captain Andrew Lewis' receipt for Powder. 



Richmond Whereas, by mistake, I have recM from Robert Gamble (500 lbs) five 
hundred pounds weight of Gun powder instead of (400) Four hundred 
PQunds weight for which I had the order of the Executive only. And 
as the waggon in which it is was so far gone That the mistake could 
not be rectified. I will consider this (100) hundred pound weight under 
my care, also on account of the public, and take the same care of it as 
of the other public stores for the use of my company now in the service 
of the state of Virginia, and hold it subject to the oi-dor of the Hon'ble 
the Governor & Council. 

Given under my hand, this day and year above written. 



Teste; 



NAT. W. PRICE. 



Feb. 2d 



Coancil 
office 



Sam. Coleman to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

Sir: 

By the 22d section of the militia law, the Executive are required 
to procure and have a sufficient number of copies of the military regu- 
lations established by Congress on the 29th of March, 1779, printed and 
bound in boards to aUbrd to every commissioned officer in the militia 
one. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 283 



There remaiDS in the office about three hundred and ninety copies of 1793. 
those heretofore provided. Feb. 2d 

I have honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient serv^t. 



Depositions of John and Francis W. Wilson, Orphans. Feb. 4th 

We, John Wilson & Francis W. Wilson, of the county of Fayette & 
state of Kentucky, orphans of John Wilson, deceased, do hereby con- 
stitute and appoint , of the state of and county of , 

my lawfull attorne}' to receive in our behalf from John Hopkins, com- 
missioner of Loans for the State of Virginia, our pension for three yeara 
to commence the first day of Januarj', One thousand Seven hundred & 
ninety, and ending the last day of December, one thousand seven hun- 
dred and ninety-two. 

As witness our hand this 4th day February, 1793. 

JNO. WILSON. [Seal.] 

FRANCES J.. WILSON. [Seal.] 

Acknowledged before me, a Justice of the peace for the county of 
Fayette, this 4th day of February, 1793. 

WM. CAMPBELL. 

John Wilson & Frances J. Wilson, orphans of John Wilson, deceased, 
came before me, a Justice of the Peace for the county of Fayette and 
state of Kentucky, & made oath that they are the same John Wilson & 
Frances J. Wilson to whom the original certificate in their possession 
was given, to which the following is a copy. 

WM. CAMPBELL. 

I do with the advice of the Council, hereby certify that John Wilson 
& Frances J. Wilson, orphans of John Wilson, deceased, who was a 
Lieutenant in the 4th Virginia Regiment and killed in the sei-vice of the 
United States, are allowed a pension of Twenty pounds p. annum. 
Jointly, to commence from the first day of January, one thousand seven 
hundred & Eighty-seven. 

Given under my hand as Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, 
at Richmond, this 10th day of October, 1787. 

EDMOND RANDOLPH. 
J. MBRIWBATHER. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 
Feb. 4th 



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CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



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1793. 
Feb. 4th 



286 CALENDAR OF STATB PAPERS. 



1793. Sam. Coleman to the Hon. Lieutenant-Governor. 

Sir : 
Feb. 7th Inclosed is the account for provisions furnished the Post at the 

Comicil point of Fork for the quarter ending the Slst day of January, 1798. 

the balance of which appears to be twenty-three pounds two shillings & 

four pence. 

1 have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most obedient servant. 



Feb. 7th David Stuart and Daniel Carroll, Commissioners, to the Gov- 
ernor. 

Sir: 
Washington The situation of our funds, & the near approach of the season for 

City vigorous operations, make it our duty to renew our applications for the 
discharge of the ballance due on the President's drafl, which was some 
time ago forwarded to the Treasurer of Virginia. We hope the state 
of the treasury will ensure success to the application. We have the 
fullest confidence that the Honourable Executive of Virginia will do 
everything in their power to prevent any embarrassment on our part 
from a deficiency of funds. 

We are, sir, with the highest i*espect, 

Your mo. ob't H'bic serv'ts. 



Feb. 7th William Bennett's Petition to the Governor. 

To his Excellency the Governor and Councill, now sitting: 

The Humble petition of Wm. Bennett most Respectfully sheweth 
that your petitioner was brought up to the business of a Tobacco picker, 
and by extreme hard labour procured subsistence for himself, together 
with a wife and six children. That 3'our petitioner on the night of the 
25th Inst., seeing the Tobacco warehouses in Manchester on fire, and 
being urged with a desire of doing all that lay in his power for the 
Benefit of the Public, your petitioner entered on the iHsmoval of the 
Tobo. out of said warehouses, which can bo proved to the satisfaction 
of your honors, in the execution of which 3'our petitioner unfortunately 
got crippled in his loggs between Two Hhds, In so much, that he has 
not been able to get out of his Bed since; and your petitioner being 
unable to employ a Doctor, or even procure the common necessaries of 
life adopted for the support of nature. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 

Your Petitioner Prayn that your Honours would appoint some person 
to enquire into his situation and render him such relief as to your Hon- 
ours may seem meet. And your petitioner is in duty bound to pray. 

Feb'y 5th, 1793, 

Agreeable to the request of Col. Goode, I this day waited on the afore- 
mentioned. Wm. Bennett, and on oxamininij his wounds, I think that bo 
has been disabled therefrom, & I believe will bo unfit for labour for fif- 
teen days to come. 

W. McKENZlB. 



287 



1793. 
Feb. 7th 



Governor Henry Lee to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

Dear Sir: 

Although 1 cannot communicate to you anything material 
relative to the business which brought me here, yet it may be satisfac- 
tory for you to know that I have commenced the measures necessary 
to my definitive ariangement. 

Vi^ry fortunately for us a suit is now ponding before the court which 
involves the principle on which rests the constitutional question whether 
a state can be brought into court at the suit of individuals. I expect 
the court will deliver their Judgement on this principle on Monday, aller 
which it will be in my power speedily to decide on the line of conduct 
proper for us to pui*sue. This being done, I shall immediately set out 
for Richmond. 

I have the honour to bo with Great Respect, 

Your ob't serv't. 
Lt.-(iov. Wood. 



Feb. 7th 



Phila- 
delphia 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 

The accompanying papers from Bath (being the muster and pay- 
rolls and the ration account of the volunteer militia ordered into service 
in that county by the Executive the 12th of March last, under Lieuten- 
ant Thompson,) appear to me to be complete, except that the pay-roll is 
not signed or sworn to. 

There is a credit upon the ration account only for seventeen pounds 
8. 3. A much larger sum was advanced to Colonel Vance. Mr. Blair 
will please say how much. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most ob*t serv't. 



Feb. 7th 



Council 
office 



288 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 



Sam. Coleman to the Lieutenant-Goyernob. 



Feb. 7th 

Council 
office 



Sir: 

Upon due investigation of the subject, I find the number of scouts 
allowed the District of Monongalia during the last year to be as follows, 
viz: By the instructions of the Executive of the 12th of Deeomber, 
1791, two scouts were allowed to each of the counties; B}' a letter from 
the Governor to Captain McMachan of the 31st of January, 1792, four 
additional scouts were allowed to Ohio, and two to Harrison ; and by 
General Wood the number in Harrison count}'^ were increased to ten, 
and two were added to each of the counties of Randolph and Mononga- 
lia — making the whole number for the District, 24 — Eighteen of whom 
have already been paid. The papers therefore brought by Colonel 
Jackson, numbered 1, 2, 3, & 4, I conclude to bo proper, except that they 
ought to have been included in the muster and pay-rolls of Captain 
McMachan's company. 

Those numbered 5, 6, & 7, are vouchers for Rations to Captain Low- 
ther's company, as well those under his own immediate command as 
those under the command of his Lieutenant, Mathew Whitman, also of 
the detachment under Lieut. John Evans, of Capt. McMachan's com- 
pany, whose pay has been settled by Col. Biggs. I presume, therefore, 
that these papers may be referred to the auditor for settlement. 

The paper No. 8, is I conceive inadmissible, inasmuch as it is a voucher 
for rations to Ensign Morgan's detachment of militia — the muster and 
pay-rolls of which, agreeably to the instructions of the Executive, not 
having been forwarded; and it being intended that the muster and pay* 
rolls should always be the auditor's Guide in settling thei*ation accountn. 

The Executive will please to observe that Colonel Jackson was under 
the necessity of engaging 7. 2. for as many as 2,520 Rations, furnished 
12 men at the mouth of little Kanawha. For an explanation of this, bo 
pleased to Refer to Captain Lowther's letter to the Governor, No. 4, and 
to General Wood's report. 

The paper No. 9, is an account of Colonel Jackson against the Com- 
monwealth, and requires no observations from me. No. 10, is an account 
of Mr. Whitman of the same nature. 

1 have the Honor to be, Sir, 

Your most ob't Serv't. 



Feb. 7th 



Geo. Jackson to the Lieutenant-Governor. 



Sir: 
Richmond I made application to Capt. Coleman to assist me in arranging my 

accounts for settlement with the Executive, and upon investigation, ho 
is of opinion that the Rations furnished Ensign Levi Morgan will not 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 289 



not be alowed, on account of the pay and muster rolls not coming for- 1793. 
ward in proper manner. Should this be the case, I must solicit your Fob. 7th 
aid in my situation, for when you were in our county last Juno, fixim 
our exposed situation, you thought jiroper to ogment the numln^r of 
Rangers and scouts upon which Mr. Morgan, w^hose appointment to take 
the command of the additional numbers of rangers, and you must re- 
member I also undertook to furnish that detachment or to see that it 
was done by your verble orders, the latter of which engagement I com- 
ply'd with, and now I stand good for the amount of the rations, and 
can't get it settled on account of sum misconduct of the officer in his 
pay abstract, &c. If the omission had been in myself, I should certainly 
be blameable, but in this Instant I stand otherwise. This business I 
undertook barely to support the protection to my country, and notwith- 
standing the distance and danger I had to encounter, I have strictly 
adhered to yours and the Governor's orders, and that without the ashu- 
ranee of fee or reward, and advanced to those that undertook to suply 
the rations a good deal of money out of my pocket, &c., and my situa- 
tion is such that I stood in need of the money at the time. And I am 
shure if I do not get the amount settled now, I must suffer both as to 
character, purse, and time, for I am absolutely sponser for all the pro- 
visions except Ohio county, which you undertook yourself, which re- 
leased me, tho' I had to ride to that county twist on that occasion, 
which is about 130 or 140 miles, or upwards. You will discover that I 
have made a charge against the commonwealth for my trouble and ex- 
pence, but have left a blank which you will please to say what is right. 
Any further information that may be wanting, I shall with pleasure 
give, and believe me to be 

Your most obedient and very Humble. 



James Barbour to thb Goybrnor. Feb. 10th 

Sir: 

I find by an Act of the last session of the General Assembly that 
the first person named in the commission of the peace for the county of 
Madison is to conduct the election for the said county for a member to 
Congress, and as I am the senior Magistrate for the old county, & live in 
the Bounds of the new one, I suppose the business will devolve on me, 
therefore must beg leave to address your Excellency on the occasion. 
That cou'd a commission of the Peace be forwarded by the bearer hereof, 
it vvould come safe to hand. Mr. William Madison says when he was on 
the Assembly, he was requested to nominate Magistrates for the county of 
Madison, but he was preparing to leave Richmond, atid his mind po- 
sessed with other business, he was not in a condition to do it, and has 
overlooked some of the most useful men, and some that wore formerly 

37 



290 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. MagiBtratce, & whose experience will be much wanted in this new county. 
Feb. 10th He has now at the request of some of the Magistrates nominated six 
others, which makes the number in all nineteen. About fourteen or 
fifteen I expect will serve. What makes it the more necessary that 
these Gentlemen should be now added is that there are but four in the 
old commission (except Messrs. Fry & Walker, who were commissioned 
in Nov'r last) that will be left in the new county, and one of them not 
experienced, another will be sheriff, and shou'd the nomination be lefl to 
be made by the court at a future day, these now added must be made 
Junior to these young hands Mr. Madison nominated at Richmond, & 
then they would not serve, the county then will be very badly accomo- 
dated. 

Ambrose Barbour, who for many years served as a magistrate, (tho' 
for some time has declined to act from his remote situation from the 
Courthouse,) has been prevailed on to say that he should be willing to 
serve a few years, should he be placed where he formerly stood, until 
some of the Junior Justices shou'd be in some measure acquainted with 
the duties of the office. But I suppose was he placed in the Commis- 
sion next to Mr. Chapman, he would serve. I will beg leave to enclose 
a list of the Magistrates as they stand now in the Commission, and how 
I think they ought to Stand. 

I have been requested to inform your Excellency of the situation of 
Mr. Alcock. Some time ago he was nominated (after Ambrose Barbour) 
& commissioned & served as A Magistrate for some years; ho then re- 
moved to the county of Orange, where he lived a few years; ho then 
returned to Culpeper again, & to Orange a second time, but is now living 
in the Bounds of the County of Madison, & claims a right to the Sher- 
iff's commission. Messrs. Hill & Chapman, two of the old J ustices, <& 
who have never been sheriffs, suppose the right to be theirs. I Just 
mention this circumstance, as requested so to do. During the time Col. 
Alcock was living out of the county of Culpepper, a nomination was 
made in which he was left out, but a commission Came up, only for the 
new added Members; that Mr. Alcock stands where formerly did, tho' 
left out in the nomination. 

1 am your Excellency's most ob't & very Humble serv't. 



Fob. lltli J- Pendleton, Auditor, to the Lieutenant-Govbrnor. 

Auditor's J- Pendleton's best respects to the hon'ble Js. Wood. The acc't I'or 
office l\^^^ Expence of the Frontier Defence will be i-eady to be laid before the 
Executive on Wednesday, at farthest — Perhaps to-morrow. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



^1 



Jno. Hopkins to the Honorable James Wood, Lieutenant-Gov- 1793. 

ERNOR, IN Council. 

Sir: 

I am requested to apply to the Executive for a farther payment Feb. 13th 
from the state of Virginia, on account of the donation to the Federal Richmond 
City. The Treasurer writes that the Public Buildings are retarded by 
reason of the delay of Pay-masters, & he has instructed me to ask pay- 
ment for the present call of Ten thousand Dollars. By a letter rec'd 
last mail, I am informed the Commissioners have addi*essed a letter to 
your Boanl on the subject; to which letter I beg leave to refer. 

I have the hon(»r to be with great Respect, sir, 

Your most ob't Serv*t. 



J. Pendleton, Auditor, to Honorable Jas. Wood, Lieutenant- 
Governor, ON Western Defences. 

Sir: 

I have the honor of sending up the acc'ts ordered by the Execu- 
tive for the Expence of defending the Frontiers of Virginia for the 3'ear 
1792, accompanyed with copies of the vouchers for the sums paid, & the 
original muster- Rolls for five companies — in the other instances the pay 
abstracts were not accompanyed with muster-Rolls. Mr. Jefferson set- 
tled the enclosed acc'ts in Dec, '89. I find the contingent acc'ts contains 
charges for several sums paid to that Gentleman — £300 in April, '85, & 
the like sum Octo. following — the latter to be applied towards the Ex- 
pences of Gen'l Washington's statue; the vouchers for the former are 
misplaced, & having neither the Journals nor Day-Books for that period, 
I can't say for what purpose that sum was paid. Will yo. do mo the 
favour, sir, to forward the letter to Mr. Jefferson. 

1 am with Respect, sir. 

Your most ob't sorv't. 



Feb. 13th 



Auditor's 
office 



J. Ambler, Treasurer, to the Governor, in Council, enclosing Feb. 14th 
Letter from Jno. Hopkins, Commissioner of Loans. 



Sir: 

The Enclosed letter was this moment delivered to rae. Being a 
subaltern servant of the state only, I cannot with propriety comply 
with any Requisition out of the prescribed rules of office, unless author- 



Treasury 



2te CXLEShAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



IT-<5, az^ fcrr auaiirVf^tT. I xhert^^rt lAk* iLt !5t««iLT 1.& 2*i" ifce letter belone 
l>.v ^Iiu!:k U^ VUnttA^ fVArl ^j:»d ♦l^!. siiitn^T wistiom ar«cif tio t^eir iife«lnK-iioEL^ 

Y«.4ir Exotik'fieT's meet ob*t Serr i. 

UDfted SlAUas' l>Qaii office. 

Feb'v 13ih, 171^. 

Sir: 

f lijire r^'^ived ia^nietiocL* frrfin the Treasory departmeDt. to make 
ain appiieatiOD Ui voo for penDL«<»i4>o U> take li«t$of ail certificate^ which 
by Tirtue of An Act of tbe last f^csasioD of the Le^iatiiJ« of this^ State, 
Rn titled -^Ao Act for appropriating the Pablie Revenae," nuzy 6e ex- 
cfuing^d for fAKer CertiicatJU. Thi* permi^on being granted. I will 
Mrnd a person to jour office for that parpose. 
f will thank joa for a Reply by the Bedmer. 

I am very Hespectfnlly, sir, 

Yoor most ob. senrant, 



JXO. HOPKINS, 
Comm*r of Loans for Virg'a. 



J. AMBLER, EsQCimB, 

Treasurer of Virginia. 



Feb« llith Ue.^rt Lee, GovERNoa, to LiEUTSHANT-OovEaNOR Jas. Wood, 

E9CL06IXG LbTTEB PROM SeCRBTART OF WaR. 

Sir: 

I have received two letters from yoa, & have written ono to you. 
The Court have not yet given their decision with respect to the suit 
mentioned to you in my last, nor will they do it sooner than Monday or 
Tues^Jay. I wait this Event. 

From my conversation with the Secretary of the department of war, 
I presume that a peace will be cffe<*ted in the course of the Spring with 
the Southwestern Indians; it will therefore be prudent in the Executive 
to sus]>end the calling into service the additional force. Strong hopes of 
a General Peac<j prevail here. 

I have proceeded so far in the settlement of the claims transmitted in 
your last letter, as to be able to ascertain the ballanQc due thereon. 

Tou will lind it stated in the Enclosed memorandum, & may venture 
to pay the amount to Col. Wilson. 



CALEXDAIJ OF STATE PAPET^. JSS 



Gen. E.iiox'«i letter t^ mt- Tespecting tbr Sfiuthom Indians. 1 fhrward ITfUl. 
for TOur B&tisfiiCtion. Fo>». istli 

The Secretary of the doparrjneni of war does noi eonceirc »r\y addi- 
tional rt^irnlationfi neeeftsary witL rt^jntcu to the- I^tahlt^hment ol the 
pay of tbe «ttout*< k ap3iTOTt^f of tiir requisii.es demanded hy the KTKepn- 
tive ol Tiri^'a. 

m 

I am, flir. witb the Hi^rbert Hespi'sei t "Rccrard. 

YY oh't serr't. 

War jDepan.meiit. Fehmarr 15tK, 17JI51. 

Sir: 

I hare the itleasure to inform vour Exctellencr thai bv informaUmi 
from Governor Bloant, dated the 28tb daT of T^eeembw and 10th of 
Janoary last, it appear? thai the Chiokamaygoes are disposed for Peaoe. 
Governor Bk»unt ba« availed himfu^ of tbi^ disposition to disicharge the 
Troops, and to appoint the 17th of April next, to meet a General Aft^icm- 
blj of the Cherokees. 

But he has been directied to vaiy this proposition so as to inclnde 
John Watts and other head men to repair to this city in order to exam- 
ine and remove all causes c^ difference. 

With Great Bespeco, 

I am, sir, your most ob't Serv't, 

H. KNOX, 

Sec y of War. 



H. Knox, Sbcrktart of War, ix> the Gonkuioil fvK 16Ui 

Sir: 

r have conferred with the Secretary of the Treasury relatively to War 
the United States purchasing a quantity of provisions, which appears l^pw^nw^^ 
to have been provided by the state of Virginia, for the service of cer- 
tain militia intended to be raised for the defence of its frontiers on the 
Ohio. The dispositions of both the Secretary of the Treasury and my- 
self upon this subject, it appears that the measure cannot be adopted 
consistently with the contracts which have already been entereii into 
by the United States for the supplying of provisions to the Troops on 
the Ohio. 

I have the honor to be, 

Tour Rxcellency*H most humble servant. 



294 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Wyatt Coleman, Sr., to the GovERNoa. 

Sir: 
Feb. 18th I have had the honor of receiving your letter of the IGth instant, 

Richmond and shall endeavor to govern myself strictly by the instructions con- 
tained in it. 

In the meantime^ permit me humbly to represent that at my advanced 
age the bodily* labour necessarily imposed by these instructions is I fear 
more than I can bear. 

My salary is incompetent to the support of myself. Of course I am 
unable to purchase assistance in the execution of my duty. Twenty 
pound per annum will enable me to board and hire a hand equal U) the 
task. 

Will you, sir, be so good as to represent my situation to the Board, 
who, I trust, will take the same under con^^idoration, and will grant rae 
such relief as in their power shall be deemed proper. 

I have the honor to be, sir. 

Your very ob't servant. 

P. S. — Mr. , the Register of the land office, Mr. Brown, and 

Mr. Tinsley, the Clerks of the superior Courts, furnish their own coal; 
and as I w^as about going to bed last night, Mr. Brown*s servant came 
to mo for the key of the lower door of the Capital, a servant of Mr. 
Waddle's being with him. 

What do you want with it f I want to get some coal for Mr. Waddle 
which Mr. Brown has lent him. 

I have no Controul over any coal in the Capital but that w^hich has 
been laid in for the use of the Assembly & the Executive, & this T beg 
to assure you shall be taken the utmost care of. 

W. COLEMAN, Sen'r. 



Feb. 20th' Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 



office 



Sir: 
Council In answer to letters which the Board were pleased to direct should 

be written to Mr. Langham on the subject of money advanced the con- 
tractor to furnish the Post at the Point of Fork with provision, and on 
the subject of the oxpences incurred in the defence of the Frontiers. &c., 
I inclose two letters from the superintendant. 

I also enclose a letter of the Superintendant without date, filed in the 
office the 23rd of October, which refers to one previously written on tho 
subject of the advance to the contractor, which I cannot find. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 295 



The words in this last letter, viz: "to enable him to lay in provision 1793. 
for the Winter & Springy^^ has induced the superintendant to 8iipj)ose Feb. 20th 
that the contractor would be indulged with the use of half the money 
advanced until the last of May. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your very Obed. Sorv't. 



A. Lewis to the Governor. Feb. 22d 

Sir: 

Since 1 returned from Richmond, have not been on Clinch; have 
heard from the officers — all ia well. Some Sign of Indians was discov- 
ered by the scouts a few di^yn before the firat storm fell — none since. 1 
think it now time or near it for another Company to be ordered into 
Service. The officers and men are in suspense, & it will be running the 
public to unneccessary expence to call more companys into Service than 
will give full protection to the Frontiers. The same number of Volun- 
teers as commanded by Capt. Preston & myself for the last year, I think 
will be fully sufficient, & a less number will give room for complaints. I 
am willing to answer for all damages arising to those frontiers, if guarded 
hy Capt. Ilawkin^H Company & mine, allowing me another subaltern 
with his Quota; if proper for me to have choice, would prefer Lieut. 
Taylor^s Quota to be added — this, with the Instructions to call upon the 
militia if real occasion for them, will be all that can be necessary. 

The small-pox has unexpectedly broke out within a mile of this place; 
if they don*t spread, in a few days I shall repair to Head-Quarters. 
Shall be happy to hear from you by every convenient opportunity. 

I am your Excellency's rao. ob*t Sorv*t. 



R. Crockett to the Governor. Feb. 22d 

Sir: 

A few days ago I received a letter from Capt. Lewis, informing me Wythe 
that my company of militia are to be mustered on the 15th of next Courthouse 
month, and to be raised by the Lieut, and Ensign, but being informed 
by the Ensign that he does not intend to engage again in the protection 
of the Southwestern frontier, thought it necessary to engage in the 
recruiting business myself, otherwise it would be impossible for my com- 
pany to be mustered on that day. 

Alexander Sayers was orderly Sergeant in my Company last year, and 



296 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. should the Executive think proper to promote hira, I am confident he 
Feb. 22d has the necessary qualifications to make a good officer. 

The scouts have been in service since the 27th of January, and no 
sign of Indians have been discovered since that time. 

Sir, I am with groat Esteem, 

Your Excellency's most Ob*t sei-v't. 

N. B. — Would be extremely happy should the Executive appoint a 
pay-roaster to off the Troops of last year. 

R. C, 



Feb. 24th Ro. Beale to the Govehnor. 

Dear Sir: 
Madison Co. Having seen the Act of Congress respecting the organization 

and Discipline of the militia, and being ignorant of the mocJe through 
which commissions are to be obtained, shall thank j'ou for Information 
by Mr. Walker's return. Desirous to serve my country to the best of 
my abilities, and rendering it every service in my power, I mean to offer 
myself a candidate for the commission of Inspector of Brigade. Shou'd 
you think me sufficiently qualified to discharge the duties of that office, 
shall thank you for your interest. My intention was to have personally 
waited on you, cou'd I have possibly ascertained when and from whom 
the appointment wou'd come. It probably may be necessary, sir, to 
inform you that having acted as Adjutant a considerable time in tbo 
course of the late war with Great Britain, and having frequent occasions 
to exercise two Battalions, I made myself acquainted with that branch 
of military Duty. I will refer you to Col. William Heth, under whom 
I served. Shou'd the appointment come from the Executive, and that 
before I can be made acquainted with it, Shall thank you to nominate 
me. 

I am with Respect and Esteem, 

Your most ob't Serv't. 



Feb. 24th CoRNELius BoGART TO Jas. Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Sir: 
Randolph After my Best Compliments, this Comes to Inform your Honor that 

the Indians is now in our Settlement, and was discovered by some Can- 
tucky travellers on the 24th of this Instant. I amediatoly Raised my 
Company with the silistation of the Inhabitans, who was greatly alarmed 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 297 



and gathered themselves together. 1 went to the place where the In- 1793. 
dians was discovered; found their tracks and signs, and followed them Feb. 24th 
three days, But made Little Discovery By reason of the snow that was 
falling on us the whole lime. We came home and appointed fore Spys, 
who Informed me that they Heard shutin, But made no further Discov- 
er}'. I have sent Mr. John Hamilton with an express to his Excellency 
the Governor, and your Honer, to inform you that the Inhabitants is 
mutch alarmed, and is in Great Dread. I shall keep constantly Rangin, 
except a few to Gard the Inhabitants, untell the express comes Back. I 
am informed by Col. Edward Jackson that the Governor was at Phila- 
delphia, But was expected home in a few days. 

If his Excellency is not eom. when this Express comes to your hand, 
pray for God*s sake Do what your Honer thinks is best, and I shall wait 
your farther instructions. 

And with Dew asteem, subscribe myself, 

Your Hondo's Humble Servant. 



Cornelius Bogart to Governor Henry Lee. Feb. 25th 

Sir: 

Pleas your Excellency this corns to inform you that the Indians has Randolph 
onst more come to pay us a disagreeable visit. There was four or five 
Discovered by some Cantucky Travlei*s, and we araediately went to the 
place where they were discovered, and found their tracks and signs, and 
we Ranged and followed the way we suspected they would go, but made 
no positiv discovery, by reason of snow that fell the next day after we 
went out. The Inhabitants is mutch alarmed, and is all gathered to- 
gether, and I have called out my company to Rang, and some of them 
to gard the Inhabitants untill Mr. John, my express, returns with an 
answer from your Excellency. There is no commissary appointed as 
yet, and the Inhabitans will provide for them untill Mr. Hamilton 
returns with answer from your Excellency. I have apointed fore spys, 
which informed me that they heard some sutin, but have not made any 
furder discovery when I sent Mr. Hamilton. Your Excellency will be 
pleased to send me such instructions by the express as will inform me 
How I shall proceed. The powder that was sent up last fall is so bad 
that there is no dependence on it, for it is Roten, and we must have 
that is better. We have lead a plenty. The express will inform you at 
large, as he is an Inhabitant of our county, and thought him the most 
shutable person that I co*ld get. 

Your Excellency's orders and Instructions shall be a Study Rule to 
me. And will oblidge — 

Your Humble Servant. 
38 



298 CALENPAE OF STATE PAPERS. 



gomeiy 



1793. A. Lewis to Jas. Wood, Libutenant-Governoe. 

Sir: 

Feb. 25th I rece'd your Instructions by . Am sorry tboy had not beon 

-??2™ forwarded a few days sooner. I have sufficient time to prevent any 
companies being embodied, but Capt. Ncel; if his former Instructions 
authorised him to enter the service on the first of March, the time is 
rather short to prevent it. Have thought proper to save a month's pay to 
send express to Capt. Neel, & have directed him if embodied before the 
Express arrives, to let them return to their respective Homes & hold 
themselves in readiness to confer if call'd upon the first of April. 

I rec'd a few days agoe, acc'ts from my different stations. All is well. 
Some syn of Indians was discovered by the scouts a few days ago, before 
the first storm fell, about Twentj'^-five miles from the settlements. It is 
yet impossible to Judge what number of Troops may be required, but 
think less than the number of voluntier militia in service the last year 
will not answer. That number I think sufficient; will have, if real ne- 
cessity, to call upon the adjacent Counties for militia — this, I hope, will 
not be done, without the lives of our fellow-citizens so exposed are in 
actual danger, for men entering the service but for a month are trouble- 
some & of little use. If Capt. Hawkins' company is ordered into service 
and a Lieut's command added to my Company, I am willing to answer 
for all the mischief that may happen. If this should meet with appro- 
bation, & I have a right or can with propriety ask choice, I would wish 
Lieut. Taylor to be added. When but one company is in service, they 
cannot be so arranged as to Cover the Frontier exposed; when this is 
the case, the people left without protection are, or will be forever com- 
plaining that I make a distinction, or that they are neglected by the 
Executive, which makes your officer's situation disagreeable. I shall 
always be happy by every opportunity to receive any Instructions that 
your Honorable Body maj' think proper, and Strictly adhere to them. 
I should have been out before now, but when I returned from Richmond 
the small-pox had broke out within a mile of my house, & having a large 
Family that never had it, am anxious to stay a few days, to see whether 
it will spread. As to the Gun-powder brought by mistake, I gave Colo. 
Gamble a receipt and mentioned if in want of Powder in the course of 
our service, I would make use of it as public property ; but expected 
untill he knew this was they case, that he would not make application 
for payment. I can readily dispose of the powder; if they Executive 
think proper, they may pay him and charge me they seven pounds ten 
shillings. 

I am with Respect, 

Your Excellency's mo, ob't Serv't. 

The expense of the express sent to Capt Neill will be oo more than 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEtlS. 299 



to Fort Loo. Have directod Lieut. Robertson, on its arrival there to 1793. 
amediately dispatch a soldier to meet with it. Feb. 25th 

A. L. 



At a meeting of tho directors of the Hospital for the maintenance 
and cure of persons of unsoand minds, held at the said Hospital in 
Williamsburg, the 28th day of February, 1793: 

Ordered that tho Treasurer of this Hospital be directed to apply to 
the Executive for a warrant from the auditor of public accounts on the 
Treasurer of this State for the sum of four thousand pounds for the use 
of the Hospital. 

A Copy : 

WILL. RUSSELL, C. C. D. 



Mathew Whitman to the Governor. Feb. 26th 

Sir: 

I am informed that there is complaint lodged against me to the Randolph 
Executive which reflects injuriously on my character as an officer in the County 
Rjinging service last year. Pardon me, sir, if I appear too solicitous in 
begging the favour of you to transmit to me copies of any Letters 
which may have been directed to you on that subject, as my mind is 
extremely burdened with anxious thoughts on hearing that my conduct 
should be reprobated before so honorable a Body, and that in those very 
instances in which I was more devoted to render ample satisfaction to 
the public than in any other action in all my life. I beg leave to inform 
you that in a great measure the militia under my command was directed 
in their operations by the militia officers of this county. Captain Low- 
ther addressed himself to them in a Letter in which he requested them 
to meet in council and advise on measures the most Expedient to protect 
the county. At that council a majority of the officei*s agreed to Station 
the Troops in so many small detachments, that it rendered it impossible 
to range ; this council was held the fourth Monday in March last. At 
the April court following, I laid the matter before the officers of the 
county. At that council Major John Wilson urged that the Rangers 
should be embodied and posted in such oixier as would enable me to 
Eange, and proposed that I should be stationed about forty miles back 
on Salt Lick Creek, a place that would command every known Rout 
that the Enemy used in coming into this county. However a majority 
was against it, and the Rangers were scattered in smaller parties than 
before. What I observed at that council, I was prompted to think that 



300 CALENDAR OP STATE- PAPERS. 



170n. ihift (loran^omoni waw brought about principally through the influence 
Ki'li. tJiUh of (\)\, Edward Jackson, who appeared to bo too much interosted in the 
alVair. A part of the rangers were ntationcd about forty miles distant 
ft'om mo, at the HOttlomont of Buckhannor, and with them two scouts — 
One of which, vir.: John Jackson, was much complained of as neglect- 
ing liis duty. I wrote to Capt. Lowthcr on the subject, who called the 
m*outH to an a(*count, and it was proven that John Jackson had in seve- 
ral inst^uuHui neglect od his duty — Leaving the other scout to patrole by 
himself, and directing him to hire one of the Rangers to leave their p<wl 
and scout with him — promising nine pence pr. day, or one-half of what 
they nuido in the Tower by hunting; in fine, on bearing several wit- 
niHitMtv* against him, Capt. Lowther and myself thought proper to dis- 
misH him & dock him of a soventoou day's pay; which time he had not 
sorvtHi, This ©vent divw on Capt. liowther and myself an excessive 
storm of invective tVi>m John Jackson k his Brother, Col. Edward, who 
thivateutHl to Ih> avongtnl on us, if opportunity served in the course of 
st^vtvu Y^^rs, i'^ this ill-lomjv>red spleen oi theirs will be found tv> be the 
sumstauct^ of all their heavy complaiutis. I now beg leave to make u 
few olvservatious on the iH>nduet ot Col. Edward, which I, in my present 
eir\Haustam\\ will not ap}H>ar s<> very uncivil. I presume that an officer 
ot »i^ high dignity as that of a ColL ought to observe the strictest Jus- 
tice in aU his olHeial aet^ and departing from that rule will not only 
|i4\vjk|ilule bis honour IhU violates^ bis Oalb of otfiee. Yet, I have known 
i\xlL Jaek^uk to rewoimeiivi an apprvnUee boy of biss and actually got 
him ap|HMiite^l a se\Hii« who was nearly an Ided. I can prv>ve that Col. 
Jaeks^>n had a^rv^i wiih men u> get them in aerviee as scoots, on the 
imuvipW ^t I heir atk>wing him the sum of one shilling per day out ot 
iheir vUilv |»^v ; he al$>.> re(K>rted tv> the Rangers who wens enli:^ted iu 
Juue Us^ viiideir me^ thai he doubled whether they wooUi draw the Two 
<k half IVltsfcif^ additk>«t»l; |>4^y — ;i( the :«suu« time ollerin^ to pan^hase 
I heir chauv.'v at a k>w ni^te. 

I be^ UHfcvv tv> ;jub«5c«be uotv^ett^ — 

With l>ue rv^pwrd Jl Eij^eem. 

Yi.?iir oiiK?!^ *?fcedjifa6. Humble Servant. 



ll|;2*a«JMvt> l^ ^hi{» V>^|rotH.uitit^ I KTitli^rtn yva nbtti iin*t^ mj hst Fetter by Mr. 

iKMtid, ^1^ tihti b«ia.vv rsiihtit^ bud ^w^ili^l clhi watvr?^ fehafi w« cc«i!ii r»x ^t 
t^^ t^b«^ piu^ >%v huii :fiU;ndi^K ^)UL wti *MkW ThteltH iif laifiaoif that had 
t^MU %b«)re ^$iHn%f Jny^ ^Hitt/rv. and diu ^r^^un wbu liviM^tihtt upper Inhabi- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 301 



lant in our settlement heard several Guns which wo arc certain must bo 1793. 
Indians. I shall do everything in my power for the safety of the In- Manh 1.M 
habitants, and I hope that my Endeavours will not be Displeasing to 
you, as I had no orders to Range before the first of April; the Inhabi- 
tants arc in fear, and it is generally expected to do some injury in some 
part of our county, as soon as the Waters is Low that they can get 
Back. 

I shall Esteem myself happy in receiving your orders, and shall En- 
form 3'ou the con<lition of our County at every opportunity. 

I remain with Esteem, 

Your obedient. 



Henry Lee, Governor, to Lieutenant-Governor Jab. Wood, March 3d 

Richmond. 

Sir: 

I left Philad*a quickly afler the Court had given Judgement on the Alexandriii 
Georgia suit. A second order will, I presume, be issued on the subject 
of the Indiana claim, when Judgement against the Commonwealth must 
ensue, unless we combat the claim in court, or adopt other meaitureM 
productive of the same End. 

This onJer will be returnable next term, before which peno<l we may 
deliberately decide on the conduct to lie pursued. 

It being unnecefi«iar}' for me in the existing circumsUinceM to take any 
decision on the ca.se. I contente^l myself with i^ollectiiig all the iiiforriia- 
tion within my reach, k with suggesting U> the SenaU>rs frrmi iUln stale 
in congreiaiH the propriety of intrrxiucicig an amendment Up the Con«»titu- 
tion of the U. States, explanaior}' of the right of the Federal Judiciary. 

All these matters I i«hall Lave the pleai^ure of eomrfiunieatirig on my 
return, which will not be 60 brxm a^ I devi-ire— -inai^tnueh H^ private Bm»i- 
ne<s of maxrnitude to mys^rlf most detain me here until I can ifrtM:tir*s a 
meeting of the PotouitiC' direct or«. This Event I ex|>ecl will take |>la/X' 
in a few daT§; after which I ^ba]l iriimediately pr<>ceed to flicbfAoud. 

f have the Looour t/> 1^. Sir. witli great B<es{>eet. 

Voiir most «Af. 8er>''t. 



B«>ceiTed Ca}»t. KeiJ V Itnter fn^oi the Kxe'.^utive u]>K/ii public tierviee. Manii ^ 
and I Lave i*trwuTd*^d ibecD by iwtixvfiiMAAr Kxprms^. J*<^ |>te 

T. B. &JBEHT^Jiii. 



302 

1793. 
March 3d 

PowelVs 
Valley 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



Rec*d of Mr. James Darby the 3d of this Instant, a letter from the 
Executive on Sunday. 

WILLIAM NEIL. 



March 3d Ree'd March 3d, 1798, of Abraham Punk, the instructions of the Ex- 
Head of ocutive of the 7th Peb'y, 1793, to me directed p. express, respecting the 

Clinch r, .. , / 

frontier deience. 

By me, ROBT CROCKETT. 



March 5th 



Kanhawa 



Geo. Clendenin to the Governor. 

Sir: 

I am sorry to inform you that the letters and papers directed to 
me and sent by Capt. Capcrton were not by me received. In crossing 
the River Kanhawa, they were unfortunately lost with several other 
papers. Capt. Caperton will let you know how the accident happened. 
Your Excellency will therefore Renew & forward such papers as you 
may deem necessary by him on his Return, who sets out from this place 
for your city to-day. 

I confess I feel very much distressed on hearing of the second com- 
pany who was allotted for this county being disbanded, or rather not 
Raised, Inasmuch as I have stated upon several occasions "There is a 
Respectable part of the county that Captain Caperton with his com- 
pany can be of little or no service to, to-wit: the settlements at the 
mouth of Kanhawa and Belleville, which settlements lye from the 
mean settlements on the Kanhawa from sixty to one hundred and 
twenty miles. At Belleville many of the Inhabitants in the course of 
last year deserted their settlements and have settled at Muskingum & 
Gallipolis, in the northwestern territory, but on hearing they wei*e 
allowed succour from Government, many of them have returned to their 
Homes, and many more were about to return, who will be deterred on 
hearing of their hoped for succour being disapproved of. While I men- 
tion this matter I trust I shall not be considered as imposing or intrud- 
ing on the liberalit}'' of the Hon'bl Executive of Virginia, being well 
assured of their Tender & Fatherly zeal to protect their western settle- 
ments who are in an infant state at present, but if nourished to maturity, 
may arrive at a state of magnitude not only servisable to themselves 
but to that Government who has so early protected and defended them. 
It is not with me to dictate measures to your Excellency or the Hon. 
Board, but I beg leave to mention that if two spies and a serg'ts com- 
mand had been continued for the] defence of Belleville, their situation 
would be extreamely comfortable and defeneible by what it appears at 
present. . 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



303 



A8 to the Inhabitants at tho Point, I prosumo their situation is 1793. 
materially diiferent, as their numbers are vastl}'^ respectable to the for- March 5th 
mer. However, I conceive that even from the Respectability of their 
settlement and number, they are not the less subject to the depredations 
of the enemy, as in the last year demonstrably appeared when tho 
Indians carried on an expedition against them; that from all appear- 
ances, were not less than one hundred and twenty Indians, perhaps many 
more. 

I further beg leave to inform your Excellency that I presume it is in 
some measure expected that they settlement on the Ohio are in a measure 
protected by the military army, who are at the present stationed on the 
Ohio at the diiferent Posts, who are generally the sick and those inca- 
pable of doing duty. This 1 experiened on different occations in tho 
course of last season. When on making application I requested men, their 
answer was they were only directed to act on the defensive. Therefore 
in many instances the Indians made their escape when they otherwise 
would have been subject to our arms, provided we could have procured 
their aid. 

No depredations have as yet been committed this year in this county, 
only in one or two instances Indians have been discovered. I shall con- 
tinue from time to time to make known every appearance of Danger, 
as well as the injuries that may happen. Perhaps I could have rendered 
some more Hatit»factory accounts had I received the dispatches which 
were sent that I have before mentioned. 

I have the Honour to be with Great Respect & Esteem, 

Your Excellency's ob't H'bl Serv't. 

P. S. — J have seen Captain Caperton's Company, & have Received 
them, & conceive that were it possible for the Executive to give them in 
advance a month's or two wages. It would make their situation vastly 
more comfortable. The situation of our Finances is best known to your 
Excellency & tho Hon. Board. 

GEO. CLENDENIN. 



J. Pendleton to the Governor. 



March 8th 



Sir: 

I request the Hon'ble the Executive will be pleased to direct a war- 
rant to Sam. Shepard for thirty pounds to be advanced to the Riders 
going out with notices & Ex'ons against delinquent Sheriffs, & other 
public Debtors to be accounted for by the Auditor. 

I beg leave to observe to the Hon'ble Board, that it was not practica- 
ble to prepare the necessary steps against all public Debtor.j, to go out 



Auditor's 
office 



{ 



304 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. hj the»e Riders without a delay w'ch would encroach upon the time 
starch 8th neces8ar}' for the Kx'ohh to take effect. Indeed they ought to have 
gone out before now. But the vacancy in the clerkship of the General 
court occasioned a little delay in that business. I shall prepare further 
proceedings to the June Court, w'ch will be ready by the time these 
Riders return. 

1 am, sir, 

Your Ob t ServH. 



March nth A. Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 

To-morrow I set out for the Frontiers. I am in hopes you will at 
least order another company & Lieut's command out Immediately; the 
people express much uneasiness and determined to break — the new Gar- 
den and Blue Stone Settlements will undoubtedly leave their plantations 
if but one company is to be continued; from the knowledge you have of 
that country, can determine what service one company can be to the 
whole Frontier. I have assured them that you and the Executive will 
do everything in your powers to make them happy. They answer that 
from your particular attention to them last summer, have reason to look 
up to you as a Father, & think you can have no reason to loose sight of 
them. On the first day of this month, agreeable to orders, Capt. Crock- 
ett discharged his scouts, which alarmed them. I supposed he had a 
right, or the intention of the Flxecutive was to continue them until! 
more men were called into Service; which I shall do unto further orders. 
I think with the command I have mentioned, that they may be fully 
protected, allowing about ten scouts to the whole. Must insist, if but 
one company more ordered out, that Captain Hawkins's be the person, 
as I am well assured oi his doing everything for the public good. I 
have been much disappointed about licad — after Hiring a \^agon the 
man failed in going; then I had rec'd of the Executive payment for 
having it took out. I sent my own waggon, which is sixty miles fn>m 
this to receive it agreeable to your order, and did not get a ])ound. Aus- 
tin has fissured mo I can have it in ten days, but loose, besides -the want 
of the Lead, the Expence of sending my waggon One hundred and 
Twenty miles. 

I am, sir, with Respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't Serv't. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 305 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

I now inclose your Bx'cy the recommendations of oflScers of the March 12th 
militia for this Borough, which shou'd have been done sooner, but your Norfolk 
favour with the militia Law did not reach us until the 3rd instant. 

Your Excellency will please to give me directions what shall be done 
with the arms belonging to the public now here, as I wish to get clear 
of them. I cannot think it right that I should, at my own expense, 
keep them in order, or be personally accountable for them. It is my 
wish to render my best services to the public, but I cannot do it on such 
terms. 

I am with the Greatest Respect, 

Y*r Exc'y's ob*t Serv't. 



Benj*n Biqqs to the Governor. March I3th 

Sir: 

There is a quantity of ammunition in possession of Maj'r William Ohio Co. 
McMahon, of the Federal Arm}^ and also with Col. David Shepherd. It 
is my wish that the Executive would appoint some person to take the 
same in possession, and Receipt tor it — And I beleive it to be the wish of 
the above-mentioned Gentlemen ; and also Direct said Person to Issue to 
the militia or vState Rangers, when Necessity may require it. 

My Reason for writing on the subject, is that Colo. Shepherd wishes 
to have no further charge of it, and Major SicMahon being In the Fede- 
ral army cannot attend to at all times. 

I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency most obedient humble servant. 



John McCullook to the Governor. March I3th 

Sir: 

I rec'd your appointment to command the Rangers for Ohio County Wheeling 
fur thi.s year, bearing date the 15th of November last, in which you gave 
me orders to enlist my Company with all possible dispatch, for one year, 
unless sooner discharged. 1 immediately proceeded to list my men, and 
before J received any other Jnslrutaions, I hud my company nearly or 
all ingaged, when I rec*d your second of the 26th of December last, in 
which you informed me that we was not to go on Duty untill the sixth 

39 



306 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. of month, but did not give mo any orders to discharge any men that I 
March 13th had listeci. &c. I was at a loss what to do. I thought it best to hear 
from your Excellency in order to know how to proceed with the men as 
to their Inlistments, and therefore wrote by Col, Biggs, and received 
for answer that my men should consider themselves on furloe, but 
without pay untill the 6th of March, since which time 1 have received 
by the hand of Col. Jackson orders to hold ourselves in readiness to go 
on duty against the first of April. 

As we have no certainty what length of time wo are to continue in 
service, nor any sertainty of pay for the time past we have spent in 
recruiting our men, nor the men while getting themselves Ready for 
duty agreeable to orders, and continuing so from time to time, we can- 
not expect the men that listed to serve, if they are to be paid for no 
time that they have lost in waiting on the orders of Government; But 
as your Excellency's first orders was to inlist for one year, (unless sooner 
discharged), and have never since rec*d any orders to discharge the men 
I had 80 listed, they do expect to be paid agreeable to the first order's, 
otherwise they say^ they will not serve. They have lost the winter 
waiting on the different orders rec*d from time to time, and every man 
in this count}', as well as other counties, must follow loose occupations 
for a living. I am not able to continue them the time last mentioned, 
& perhaps not so long on no other terms than above mentioned. I feel 
myself in a disagreeable situation, as my orders has been so often 
changed, and have never been directed with respect to mustering or 
supplying my company with ammunition. 1 therefore shall expect 
your Excellency's instructions so as to know what we are to depend on, 
and the time we are to continue in service, as it appears not reasonable 
to suppose men will list & not know for what time. 

1 shall, if in my power, call my men together on the first of Apnl, as 
I so conceive our froiitiei*s are much exposed to the incurtions of the 
Indians. Our protection from the Federal Army are so very incon- 
siderable as not worth mentioning however. It's one hundred & sixty 
miles from headquarters to Muskingum, & there are part of one company 
stationed at two places above this; about 30 men in all, however, suppose 
of this your Exc'y is acquaint. 

I am your Excellency's Humble Servant. 



March 14th Moses Cuaplinb to the Governor. 

Sir: 

The Court of Ohio County at their last March term, 1793. 
having taken into consideration the fourteenth section of the Militia 
Law of this Commonwealth, in which it appears that the Executive 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 307 



ve the sole power of appointing the officers to command the difrant 1793. 

oops or Companys of Cavalry in this State, without paying any Re- March 14th 

rd to Recommendations from the Respective County or Corporation 

•urts, they therefore Requested I should inform your Excellency that 

ore is a Lieutenant's command of horse already inroled & in uniform 

this county and the county of Ohio, as full as much if not more ex- 

sed to savage cruelty than any other county or corporation in this 

ite, and from expenence they find that a full company of cavalry 

)uld be of Publick utility to Ohio County in scouting after Indians. 

icy do earnestly Request that your Honorable Body would take the 

itter into consideration and grant them a full compan}' as aforesaid, 

d that the following persons be commissioned to Command the same, 

wit: Robert McClu re, Captain; William McKinley, first Lieutenant; 

idrew Woods, second, and Richard Spears, Cornet, or if you should 

ink this Request Inconsistent, you will at least alow a Captain & first 

eotenant's Command to be Raised in the county of Ohio, and that the 

)re8aid Robert McClure be appointed Captain, & William McKinley 

St Lieutenant to command the same. 

I have the Honor to be. 

Your Excellency's very Humble Scrv't. 



Bbnj'm'n Bigus to the Governor. March 14th 

r: 

I Just Received authentick Intelligence of the capture of Major Ohio 
x>dall by the Savage, which happened near Bellspray on the Ohio, a 
lall distance below Muskingum. 

About seven days previous to the capture a number of Kittles were 
ken from a sugar Camp, within a small distance of Mariatta. The 
rcumstance is truly alarming to the Inhabitants of this country. The 
Qfense ot the Federal army which has been Represented to your Ex- 
llency sufficient for our protection, consists of about thirty-throe in 
imber. The Inhabitants on the Frontiers is anctious to know w^hat 
sistance will be given b}' the Executive; If none more than the small 
irt of the Federal Troops, We must Devise In the Best manner we 
n to Defend ourselves against the Savage Enemy. 

I have the Honor to be. 

Your Excellency's most obedient, Humble Servant. 



308 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Wm. Da vies to the Governor. 

Sir: 
March 15th I must press upon your Excellency for 3*our aid in obtaining from 

Phila- the Gentlemen, who were concerned in the enclosed transactions, such 
delphia information r<ispectini^ the nature of the contract and the application of 
the Tobaccoes therein mentioned, as may Justify mo in having made 
them a charge against tlie union. I have again written to the Gentle- 
men, but as the Board will not admit any explanation of this matter, 
after the tenth of next month, it becomes necessary I should not rely 
upon the success of my application alone, and upon this account must 
entreat for your Excellency's influence on this Occasion. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, with the greatest Respect & Esteem, 

YourOb*t & very Humble Servant. 

P. S. — Not knowing where Mr. Ross is, I have enclosed my letter to 
him for your directions. 



March 16th Robert Mitchell, Mayor, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond There is a small bell that was formerly fixed on the Capitol, which 

appears to me to be of no real value to the publick; this being the case, 
the citizens will be thankfull to you for it as a Gift or otherwise, in 
order to fix It on the Masons* Lodge for the purpose of Givoing Alarm 
in case of accidents by fire. 

I am, on behalf of the common hall of this city, 

Your Excellency's Ob't Serv't. 



March 20th Wm. Davies to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Phila- On the 14th of April, 1789, a warrant was paid to Wm. Finney for 

delphia £233 5 out of the funds appropriated to the Requisitions of Congress 
for that year by order of the Gov'r in Council. 1 am required to explain 
this transaction, but not having the Executive Books of that period, I 
am obliged to trouble your Excellency on the Occasion. A Referrcnce 
to the Council Journal from the first of April, 1785, may probably pre- 
sent the desired information, which the Board of Comm'rs required to 
be oifered by the 10th of next month. 

I am most Respectfully, 

Your Exicellency's H*ble Serv't. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 309 



Mecklenburg County, July Court, 1792: 1793. 

William Starling, William Davis, & William Johnson, arc by the Court March 20th 
recommended to his Excellcnc}*, the Governor, as proper persons to Exe- Met'klen- 
eute the office of Sheriff of this county for the Ensuing year. And as "'^ ^ 

there is a dispute respecting it between the said William Davis and Wil- 
liam Johnson, ft is ordered that Samuel Goodeand Samuel Hopkins, Jr., 
Gents, do state the causes thereof to the Executive for their decision. 

Copy : 

JOHN BROWN, CI. 

In obedience to the above order, we have examined the records of the 
said county, and it appears to us that Williatn Davis, Gent., was origi- 
nally recommended as a Justice of the peace on the fourteenth day of 
July, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-six. That he qualified as 
such the 13th day of April, 1767. That he was recommended as a 
proper person to execute the office of sheriff on the thirteenth day of 
July, 1778. That he qualified as such on the 9th day of November, 
1778, and continued to execute that office the usual time, to- wit: two 
years. That on the 14th day of Maj', 1781, he re-qualified as a Justice 
of the Peace. It further appears to us that William Johnson, Gent., 
was recommended as a Justice of the Peace on the last mentioned day, 
and qualified as such on the 12th day of November, 1781. 

It appears to us that at a Court held for the said County, in July, 
1790, (when there was present the said William Davis, the said William 
Johnson, William Hepburn, & William G. Baptist, as magistrates,) that 
Samuel Goode, William Starling, and the said William Johnson were 
recommended as proper persons to execute the office of sheriff; and that 
at a Court held in July, 1791, when were present the said William 
Davis, Thompson Foulkes, John Lewis, & Henry Speed. That William 
Starling, and the said William Davis only, were recommended as proper 
pei-sons to execute the office of sheriff; and that at the recommendation 
of proper persons for the office ot sheriff in July, 1792, the order above 
mentioned contains the record. 

Now, it is suggested by the said William Johnson, Gent., that all the 
other persons have had the appointment of sheriff, and that as he stands 
next to the present acting sheriff in the list of Justices, a copy whereof 
is hereunto annexed, he thinks himself lawfull}'' and equitably entitled 
to the next commission. It is alledged by Wdliam Davis, Gent., that 
altho. he has once had the appointment of sheriff, it was at a time when 
the risk was considered to be greater than the profit, and that he per- 
mitted his name to be used by his deputy, without any reward whatso- 
ever, and he further alledgcs that he has served since his re-qualification 
a greater length of time than the said William Johnson, Gentleman. 
Given under our hands, the 20th day of March, 1793. 

SAM. GOODE. 
SAM'L HOPKINS. 



310 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. A list of Justices for the county of Mecklenburg: 

March 20th William Davis; Samuel Goode; Thompson Fowlkes; Lewis Burwcll ; 
William Starling, Sheriff; Roger Gregory; Reuben Vaughan; William 
Johnson; Samuel Hopkins, Jr.; Lewis Parham, (not qualified); Clauscl 
Clausel; Richard Kennon ; William Taylor, not qualified; George Tarrj*, 
not qualified; David Allen, not qualified; William Hepburn; James 
Harwell; Edmund Taylor; William G. Baptist; Henry Speed; Thomas 
Bedford; John Lewis; Joseph Speed, not qualified; William Penn, not 
qualified; Thomas Pettus; Edward L. Tabb; Mark Alexander; William 
Delong; Roger Gregory, Jr.; Anthony Bennett; John S. Field; James 
Hester; Alexander Boyd ; Richard Swepson, not qualified; William W. 
Green; Henry Ashton. 

Given under my hand, the 16th da}' of March, 1793. 

JOHN BROWN, CI. court. 



Sir: 
March 2l8t I have the honor of inclosing to you a petition respecting a negro 

Richmond under sentence of death, which was handed me yesterday by the Sheriff 
Bowles' of the County of Louisa. Please to Lay it before the Council, and sig- 

nify their determination to me before Sunday next. 

r am with Great respect, 

Y'r Excellency's mo. ob't Sorv't. 

Louisa, March 14th, 1793. 

To His Excellency Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor of Virginia: 

The petition of sundry inhabitants of the aPs'd County, whose 
names are hereunto subscribed, Humbly sheweth, That on the 6th of 
this Instant, George, a negro man, slave, the property of Mathew Faviour, 
was condemned to be hung by the Court of the said County for the 
murder of a negro woman. 

Your petitionee beg leave further to represent that said negro man is 
very young, not exceeding W ycai's of age, and in his IntellectH but little 
removed from Idiotcy; and added to this, that from the whole circum- 
stances of the case, your Petitioners are fully convinced that the sM 
slave was not guilty of any premeditated murder, but actuate<i b}' the 
impulse of passion at the time of committing the fad, and that there 
was no positive Evidence of the Commission of the fact but from the 
confession of the s'd slave, who at the time of committing the fact wan 
confined in chains by his master. 

Under these circumstances, yourpetitioneiv humbly submit it to your 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 311 



Execlleiiey's contiideration, and solicit a pardon for the slave. And your 1793. 
pclitionci*rt shall over pray, &e. March 21st 

JNO. QUARLES, 
THOS. ME RRl WETHER, 
JAMES POINDEXTER, 
JAMES BEADLES, 
ANDERSON HARRISON, 
JASPER OVERTON, 
DUDLEY DIGGS. 



Benjamin Wilson to the Governor. March 22d 

Sir: 

J had the happiness to arrive safe home with the charge of money Harrison Co. 
1 Brought from the Treasury. When I arrived home, Colo. Lowther 
was out in purauit of a party of Indians which had been doing mischeif 
on our frontier — a detail of the affair is useless as Colo. Lowther will go 
minutely into it. I shall only bring to your view the present alarming 
views of our exposed people, to- wit: first, that the Indians being disap- 
pointed last fall in their Expectations of a campaign, which kept them 
at home in a state of suspence and inactivity; 2nd, That they appear b}" 
their early approach to wish to make up that time; 3rd, the Reports 
they have of parties of Indians crossing the Ohio River; 4th, Their not 
having a sufficcnt defence on the frontier; 5th, The want of confidence 
in the Federal army; & 6th, that faith cannot be put in Treatys made 
with the Indian Tribes, Previous to the communications being cut off 
with the British posts. 

Sir, 1 ree*d your favour, dated the 26th of February, 1793, and thanks 
you for your attention. I have sent by Capt. Terrell for the money as • 
will appear by the power of Attorney, and copys of the pay abstracts. 

I am, sir, 

Yours with Esteem. 



Cornelius Boqard to Mr. Levi Mongan. March 22d 

Sir: 

The present situation of affairs in our county moves me address you Randolph 
in the Behalf of the inhabitants as we lay exposed to the Enemy, and ^-^"o^y 
without some means for security are speedily granted, the inhabitants 

of the upper part of valley will move away in a few days, and as 

the whole power of ordering scouts is invested in you, 1 would think it 



312 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. very noccHHury that about Twenty-five men should be continued in rang- 
March 22d i"g ^<^^' the security of the upper end of the valey and Buchanan Settle- 
ment, and two ncouts for the valley and two for Buchanan to be contin- 
ued till the middle of May; by which time I Expect to receive instruc- 
tions from the Governour, and I shall expect the favour of your senli- 
mcntH on this matter by the Bearer, Mr. John Blair. I have a few men 
Stationed at the upper End of the Settlement, which 1 shall continue 
untill I receive instructions from you. and if you think proper to ap- 
point anj^ scouts for this county, I do here recommend the Bearer to 
you as a person very suitable to officiate in that office. 

I remaine with due Esteem, 

Your Humble Servant. 



March 23d Max. Armstrong to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Clarksburg On Sunday, the 3rd instant, four Indians took off 6 Horses belong- 

ing to a man of the name of Rungan, within 7 miles of this place. On 
Tuesday morning, Colo. Lowther, with Captains McCally, Haymond, & 
Davisson & 13 men pursued, & at the distance of 60 miles boyood the 
Ohio, overtook, killed, and scalped one Indian, & it is supposed mortally 
wounded another, & recovered 4 of the horaes; the other two had sepa- 
rated from these the evening or morning before they came up — other- 
wise they must all have fallen. The Commander being brave & beloved 
& the men determined, I hope this circumstance happening so early in 
the season, will convince your Excellency that General Wayne does not 
afford that protection to our Frontiers that hath been suggested. Per- 
haps the upper part of Ohio county in some degree experiences security, 
but the one-half at least of that county & the other 3 in this District I 
am sensible are not all benefitted, & atfaii^s wear a very gloomy aspect. 
I trust I shall stand excused for intruding my opinion in respect to your 
ordei*s to the officere not to enlist married men. 

This prohibition, particularly in this County & Randolph, will render 
it impossible to i*aise the men in these counties — there being very few 
single men in these counties, & that few unacquainted with the woods. 
In fact the men who are in every respect best qualified for the protec- 
tion of the county, are married — besides, these having families & landed 
property are consequently most interested in repelling the Euenu\ 

Should your Excellency think proper to alter your orders in that par- 
ticular, a speedy communication would greatly relieve many distiHiPsed 
persons. The officei's and men who turned out on the occasion above 
mentioned evinced the greatest valor and pei*severence, having not been 
prevented by high watei's and inclement weather from proceeding fur- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 313 



ther in the Indian country than ever was done before on a similar 1793. 
occasion. March 23<i 

I have the honor to be 

Your Excy's ob*t & very H'ble serv^t. 



Jno. Cooper's Note. March 25th 

There is Eight canonade Guns at Norfolk belonging to the Common- 
wealth of Virginia, which I suppose may weigh six hundred pounds 
each. I should be glad to get them & give the Commonwealth an equal 
quantity of cannon in exchange. 

JNO. COOPER. 



Francis Brooke appointed Clerk op Fauquier County Court. March 25th 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Francis Brooke and Francis 
Whiting, Humphrey Brooke, and Charles Marshall, are held and firmly 
bound to his Excellency Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor of Virginia for 
the time being, and his successors in the sum of Three thousand Dollars; 
to which payment well and truly to be made & done, we bind ourselves 
and each of our Heirs, Executors and Administrators, Jointly and seve- 
rally, firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals, and dated this 25th 
day of March, 1793. 

The Condition of the above Obligation is such, that whereas the above 
bound Francis Brooke hath this day been appointed Clerk of the Court 
of the -County of Fauquier in the place and stead of Humphrey Brookci 
who hath resigned; If therefore the said Francis Brooke shall truly and 
faithfully perform the duties of his said office, as Clerk of the said county 
Court, and doth not remove or carry, or suffer to be removed or carried 
out of the county, the Records and papers of the said County Court, 
or any part thereof, except in cases allowed by law, then the above 
obligation is to be void, otherwise to remain in full force and virtue. 

Sealed and Delivered in presence of the Court. 

F. BROOKE. 
FRAN. WHITING. 
H. BROOKE. 
CHARLES MARSHALL. 

At a Court held for Fauquier County the 25th day of March, 1793 : 
This Bond was acknowledged by the said Francis Brooke, Francis 
Whiting, Humphrey Brooke, and Charles Marehall to be their Act and 
deed, and ordered to be certified. 

Teste : 

F. BROOKE, C. F. C, 
40 



314 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, 



1793. Petition from Ohio Militia fob the raising of half a troop of 

Cavalry. 

To his Excellency Hcnr}' Lee: 
March 26th The petition of sundry Magistrates and late militia officers of 

Ohio County, humbly* sheweth. That an Act passed in the Assembly of 
this state in the year 1787, desiring a half troop of Cavalry to bo raised 
an<l annexed to the militia of this county, (whitch hath been done). 
That no provision hath been made b}' the half session of our Assembly 
for the s'd Troop, or an}- such Troops, unless by obtaining a Recom- 
mendation from the Respective Brigades to which they belong. We, 
your Petitionei-s, well knowing the s'd Troops hath been raised and 
fully Equipped agreeable to the former law, and that they have been at 
all times and still continues to be persistent in doing their duty in com- 
plyance to the s'd former Act of Assembly. Your petitioners conceive 
(not onl}^ from the past exertions and good conduct of the said half 
Troop, but from the situation of their frontier, it being mutch the 
largest and most exposed to savage Cruelty of any in the Brigade) in 
conjunction with their County Court that a full Troop of Cavalry will 
be necessary for the defence of so large and dangerous a Frontier. 

We therefore pray that your Excellency may commission those per- 
sons recommended by our County Court as oflScers to the said Troops, 
or at least a Captain and Lieutenant, agreeable to the Recommendation 
of the said court, and your petitioners in duty bound shall ever pray. 

BENJAMIN BIGGS. 
DAVID SHEPHERD. 
JOHN HBNDERSQN. 
WM. SUTHERLAND. 
WILLIAM GRIFFITH. 
WM. McMACHAN. 
HENRY JOLLY. 
HENRY SMITH. 
JOHN BUCLY. 
JOSEPH HEDGES. 
JOSEPH BIGGS. 
JOHN BUCK, 
ZAC. SPRIGG. 
JOHN MITCHELL, 
WM. McKINLEY. 
JOHN CROWELL. 
ROB'T McCLURE. 
DAVID CHAMBERS. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 316 



Robert Alcock to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

I must beg leave to address you on a subject in whieb I tbinlc my- March 26th 
self agrieved, and as I have no other Resource but to appl}* to your Madison 
Board for Redress, I must Require of them that Justice which many ^ 

Gentlemen of the county who are informed of the business (as well as 
myself,) think I am Justly entitled to. It Respects the commission of 
the Peace, and that of the Sheriff already sent up by your Board for 
the county of Madison — That Commission is Composed of the membera 
taken off from Culocper by the division of the county to the amount of 
seven, and are named as follows, (to-wit): James Barbour, William 
Walker, Henry Hill, Robert Alcock, William Chapman, Reuben Fry, & 
Merr}' Walker; how Henry Hill came to be named before me in the 
commission sent up, is the point in which I contend. If any Just cause 
have been layed before the Executive for such a step to be taken, on my 
being fully informed thereof, I shall be perfectly resigned and satisfied; 
but, sir, on the other hand, if I am considered as a magistrate at all, I 
certainly cannot with Justice be removed from the place I stood in the 
former commission; and as I expect it may have been done by informa- 
tion given through mistake, in naming the Magistrates in the old com- 
mission for the county of Madison — not knowing how they stood — I 
have (in order that the business may be fixed in the line of Justice in 
that point of view,) procured from the Clerk of Culpeper the last Gene- 
ral Commission of the Peace for that county. Certifying how the Jus- 
tices there stands; also the different qualifications of Colo. Hill and my- 
self — all of which I have inclosed for your Examination. If it should 
appear to your board that this business have been conducted from mis- 
taken information which might have been given, or from any Indirect 
means, I trust and Request it as my Right that the whole business be 
superseded, and that I be named in the Commission of the Peace for 
Madison County, next to William Walker and before Henry Hill; in 
which place I also claim the Sheriff's commission for the county afore- 
said. 

I am, sir, with due respect, 

Y> very H'ble Serv't. 

Culpeper County, to-wit: 

1 do hereby certify that the Gentlemen hereafter named, are the only 
persons that stand in the last general commission of the Peace for this 
count3% (which is dated the 25th day of October, 1784,) and that they 
are placed in the said commission in the following manner, to-wit: John 
Strother, John Slaughter, James Barbour, James Slaughter, John Green, 
James Pendleton, Samuel Clayton, French Strother, Edward Stevens, 
William Walker, John Waugh, Burke H. Davenport, Robert Slaughter, 



316 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Jr., Robert Alcock, Elijah Kelley, William McClanahan, John Wi^gin- 
March 26th ton, Cadwaliader Slaughter, Henr}- Hill, James Hord, John Suggett, 
Slaughter William Chapman, Joseph Roberts, James Jett, John Strode, 
Benjamin Gaines, John Wharton, John Johnston, & Walter Compton. 
Given under my hand this 2l8t day of March, 1793. 

JOHN JAMESON, C. C. 

Culpeper County, to-wit: 

I do hereby certify that on the Seventeenth da}^ of April, in the j'ear 
of our Lord, one thousand Seven hundred and Eighty, Henry Hill, 
Gent., came into court and qualified according to law as a Justice of the 
Peace in and for the county aforesaid. 

Given under my hand this 21st day of March, 1793. 

JOHN JAMESON, C. C. 

Culpeper County, to-wit: 

I do hereby certify that on the twentieth day of May, One thousand 
Seven hundred and Seventy-Eight, Robert Alcock, Gent., came into 
Court, and was qualified according to law as a Justice of the peace in 
and for the county aforesaid. 

Given under my hand this 21st day of March, 1793. 

JOHN JAMESON, C. C. 

Culpeper County, to-wit: 

I do hereby certify that on the Eighteenth day of November, 1784, 
Henry Hill, Gent., came into court, and was qualified according to law as 
a Justice of the peace in and for the county aforesaid. 

Given under my hand this 21st day of March, 1793. 

JOHN JAMESON, CPk C»rt. 

Culpeper County, to-wit: 

I do hereby certify that on the Fifteenth day of November, One thou- 
sand Seven hundred & Eighty-four, Robert Alcock, Gent., came into 
court, and qualified according to law (under the last general commission 
of the Peace for the said county,) as a Justice of the Peace in and for 
the said county of Culpeper. 

Given under my hand this 21st day of March, 1793. 

JOHN JAMESON, C. C'rt, 

Culpeper County, to-wit: 

I do hereby certify that on the Seventeenth day of August, 1789, 
Robert Alcock, Gent., came into court, & took the oath prescribed by law 
for the support of the constitution of the United States. 

Given under my hand this 2l8t day of March, 1793. 

JOHN JAMESON, Crk Court. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 317 



Levi Morgan to the Governor, 1793. 

Hon. Sir: 

With Bubmission I make bold to inform you the present March 26th 
alarming circumstances in our back parts concerning the savage. Intelli- Monongalia 
gence after intelligence hath come to me desiring me to give you an 
acc't of the same. The present fear alarms them beyond measure, In- 
somuch that they expect to move away, except more redress is admin- 
istered unto them. I have at a venture appointed two more spies in 
order to strengthen them already out, and returns home myself from 
over the River Last night; and, sir, I can with confidence asert I saw 
several Trails upon the frontier, but no mischief done at present. 
Nevertheless, you may expect the Inhabitants are Dangerously situated, 
and humbly wish b}' me more strength may be permitted, which I shall 
recommend to your wise determination, and flatter myself with every 
necessary intelligence how to proceed, and remain honored, sir, with 
constant attention, your very humble & obedient servant. 



Levi Morgan to the Lieutenant-Governor. March 26th 

Hon. Sir: 

I received yours the 27th Instant, and can but with gratitude Monongalia 
acknowledge the confidence reposed in me, assuring you every en- 
deavour shall be used to discharge my duty; and, sir, according to for- 
mer orders, I had my compliment of men made up, but they being 
Countermanded, they seem dissatisfied. Divers of the back inhabitants 
have repeatedly sent intelligence concerning the Danger they lay ex- 
posed to, especially those on the frontiers, unanimously concluding they 
will be first to move off, except redress be administered, among which I 
have enclosed Col. Bogard's letter, and humbly wish you may, having 
influence and knowledge sufliciont to Judge the most expedient meas- 
ures, may intercede in the behalf of a dangerous country. I have ven- 
tured, on ConM Bogard*s and others solicitations, & appointed two more 
spies in order to strengthen the others and .natisfie the Inhabitants until 
some further orders come. In the meantime I shall with every atten- 
tion remain, Sir, 

Your humble & Obedient. 



Wm. Lowther to the Governor. March 26th 

Sir: 

I received yours of the 6th of this Instant, Informing me not to call Harrison Ck). 
my company into service, which I assure you is very alarming to the 



318 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Inhabitants of this Place, as the Indians by every appearance is like to 

March 26th be very troublesome this season. I have had a straight account of a 

great number of Indians crossing the Ohio, and it- is expected by the 

plan of crossing they means to strike the frontiers of this county or 

Randolph. I have Just Received one express from Col. Bogard in 

valley, that the sign of a great number of Indians have been discovered 
near the upper settlement of that County, and that the people are like 
to move off without some security can be granted them. I have also 
heard of tracks being discovered near the lower end of our county', sup- 
posed to be Indians. They have also paid us a visit, as you will Dis- 
cover by ray former letter — to the proof which I have sent you the 
skins of one of their heads. I presume, sir, from your former Respect 
paid to the Suffering frontiers, you will Do everything in your power 
for their protection. As I Cannot conceive that General Wain's army 
nor the talk of peace Can be any safly to us, it is thought if nothing 
more can be Don, that an addition to the number ot spies will answer a 
valuable purpose. 

I am, sir. 

Your Obedient Serv't. 



March 27th Simon Cockerell to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Rockspring, I with great pleasure mett with this favorable opportunity by Mr. 

Russell Co. Richardson, to inform you of the continual Danger that we Labour 
under, both of our lives & property. There has been in this month past 
a great deal of Discovery made by the Spies and hunters of Lee, which 
cause the citizens of New Garden to Express a great deal of fear & awe 
on their mines, & many of them is leaving their respective homes & 
Habitations for fear of falling into the hands of the Savage Enemy As 
them poor souls did last summer when you was in this part of the 
country. A few days past, Six Indians was discovered at the Rocky Gap 
of Wolf Creek, with six horses, making through Bluestone towards 
Sandy, & the people in that part is just thinking what place of retuge 
the can flee to, provied there is no relief sent them. The officers 
appointed and not called into service remains very much discontented, 
as the no not what to be at. I believe several of the officers has been 
at amazing expense in recruiting there men, which many of them thinks 
hard of the Executive to send them out to recruiting soldiers, which of 
course the could not gather so many men without amazing expense, and 
now expects that they are Just lying at suspense. Pray inform ine 
as quick as possible whether they will be called into service or no. 

I am with due respect, 

Your friend & H^bl servant. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 319 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

In addition to the nuiTil>er of men directed to be raised tor the dis- March 29th 
trict of Kentucky, the 29th day of December, 1790. under the orders of Council 
General Scott, and who have been all paid, there is now presented a 
pay-roll for a Captain, Lieutenant, Ensign, four sergeants, and fifly pri- 
vates, ordered into service by the commanding officer of Mason County, 
baid to be on an actual invasion. This pay-roll is signed by the Cap- 
tain, and certified by the County Lieutenant, and the service appears to 
have been performed by the orders of the latter officer in pursuance of 
the invasion law. 

The other papers are a claim of Colonel Greenup for certain rations 
furnished a guard stationed at Slate Creek Iron Works, in 1791, being a 
part of the troops raised for the defense of Kentucky under the orders 
of General Scott. 

To this claim the only objection which occurs is its not having been 
brought forward with the muster and pay-rolls, as it appears to be duly 
authenticated. 

The reason given by Col. Greenup for this omission is that the papers 
were put into the hands of a Mr. Dunlop, who it was expected would 
have been at Richmond for the purpose of settling it, in which, however, 
he failed, and returned the papers to Colonel Greenup. 

Upon examining the Auditor's books, 1 find that the rations paid for 
by Captain Fowler appear to be 9,005, £225 2 6. My report of the 3rd 
August, 1791, states the number necessary for the troops then paid to be 
10,963. In August, 1792, I have reason to beleive that this claim was 
presented and rejected, because it was not accompanied by the pay and 
muster- Rolls. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most Ob't Serv't. 



Wm. Rose, Keeper op the Jail, to the Governor. March 29th 

Sir: 

The General Assembly in the close of their session of '86, upon the Richmond 
[U'ayer of Joseph (^larke, then a prisoner on mesne process, from the 
< 'ounty of Henrico, for Debt, that he was poor and unable to pay the 
same, passed a Resolution empowering the Governor, &c., to liberate all 
poor prisoners, who then were, or should be thereafter confined for monies 
due the commonwealth, without attending to the formalities directed by 
law in such cases, and he was accordingly discharged by the Governor's 
warrant. I remember two since — John Rose, discharged the 22d Do- 



320 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. cember, 1790, after an imprisonment of Eighty days, and Luther Stod- 
March 29th dard, I beleivo, in 1791. Col. Goode will remember the last, and Mr. 
Blair both the cases. 

The present application, Sir, is in behalf of Hugh Moody — a poor old 
man, gray-headed and decrepid — committed by the Sergeant of the Hus- 
tings on an execution for the penalty of ten pounds for retailing Spiritu- 
ous Liquors without a license. Poverty and him have been long ac- 
quainted, and he is in my mind an object within the true intent and 
meaning of the resolution alluded to. His threadbare and tattered 
clothes on the approach of winter, induced me to apply to some of ray 
acquaintances — his countrymen — for relief, and I was happy to see about 
five pounds collected in a few hours. One of the Gentlemen, Mr. John 
Wilson, laid out the money to the best advantage, and he was enabled 
to pass the winter tolerably comfortable. This Day, sir, is the two hun- 
dred and fifth of his confinement — a length of time sufficient, he hopes, 
to atone for such a violation, and therefore humbly prays to be restored 
to his liberty. 

I am, Sir, most Respectfully, 

Your Excellency's Obcd. Servant. 



March 29th Received by the hands of Sam'l Coleman, Bsqr., a Bond given by 
Auditor's John Taylor for seventy-five pounds 16 8, Dated first day of Jan'y, '93. 

^®^ S. SHEPARD. 



March 30th John Begkley, Clerk House of Representatives of the United 

States, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Clerk's office ^^ obedience to an order of the House of Representatives, I have 
House of the honor to enclose hei'ewith three copies of the Journal of their pro- 
tivee United ceedings during the late session of Congress^-one for the use of the 
States supreme Executive, and one for the use of each branch of the Legisla- 
ture of the State over which you preside. 

With great consideration, 

I am, sir, your most Obedient & very humble Servant. 



April let ^^' I^^viES TO THE Governor. 

Sir: 
Phila- ^ ^®S leave to Enclose to your Excellency my quarterly accounts, 

delphia and to ask an advance of £15 for contingent ezpences. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 321 



1 am very anxious to obtain information respecting the Tobacco, on 1793. 
which I asked the aid of your obliging interposition. None of the April Ist 
Gentlemen to whom I have addressed myself on the Subject, have 
favoured me with an answer. 

I have the honor to remain, Sir, with most Respectful Esteem, 

Your Excellency's very humble Servant. 



March Slst, 1793. April let 



Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To William Davies, Dr.: 



To One quarter services to this day as Commissioner for set- 
tling with the United States, ..... £125. 



The State of Virginia, 

To James Murray, Dr. : 

For three month -s sei-vices as Clerk in Colo. William Davies' 

office for settling her claims against the United States, - - £25. 



Pay the above to Col. Wm. Davies or order. 

JAMES MURRAY. 

I do hereby certiiy that the above account is Just to the 31st of 
March, 1793. 

WM. DAVIES. 
Philadelphia, April 1, 1793. 



Wyatt Coleman, Sr., to the Governor. April Ist 

The Commonweath of Virginia, Dr. Richmond 

To Wyatt Coleman: 

For Hire of a person to Sweep and clean the Capitol for the 

last quarter at 30 per month, - - - - £4 10 

For getting into coal Room 60 Bushels Coal, - - - 4 

£4 14 



41 



322 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPBBS. 



1793. Sir: 
April let Without loosing sight of tho obligation which I am under to you 

for the appointment to the care of the Capitol. 1 beg leave to hum- 
bly represent that alto, the Executive are limited in the allowance to 
the persons intrusted with that office, yet from the nature thereof and 
the compensation allowed, it could hardly have been in the contempla- 
tion of the legislature to make it tho duty of this officer to sweep tho 
Capitol himself. 

Upon this view of the subject at the commencement of the present 
- I year, I bird a servant with the expectation of receiving tho instructions 

contained in General Woods* letter of the 16th of February. 

Prom the beginning of the quarter untill the reception of that letter, 
this servant was employed some part of every day in cleaning the 
upper part of the Capitol, and from that time to the present, a consid- 
erable part of every day has been employed in sweeping every part of 
the Capitol not specially occupied as offices. 

Upon the reasonable ground of compensation for this hire, the fore- 
going account is submitted by your Excellency's most obedient serv't. 



April 2d Order of Council. 

In council On consideration of the report of Captain Coleman on the pay and 
ration abstracts of Captain Caperton's Company, which appear upon 
in vest illation to be defective in point of form, and as many individuals 
are involved in difficulties for want of a liquidation of the accounts of 
that company — 

The Board advise that Colonel Steele repair to the county of Kana- 
wha vested with powers for the purpose of calling on Capt. Caperton & 
all other persons interested for information as to the musters & service 
of the said company, as well as the accounts of the contractors who 
supplied rations for their subsistence in order to enable tho Executive 
to procure a repayment from the General Government, and that Colo. 
Steele's expences while engaged in this business be defrayed by the 
public. 

Extract from the minutes : 

A. BLAIE, C. C. 



April 2d 1^0. Pollard to thk Governor. 

Sir: 

The Directors of the James River Company have been informed 
that the State has an interest in the magazine, and have desired me to 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 333 



apply to you. for an order to the keeper to store all the powder belong* 1793. 
ing to the Company as Public powder, which if approved, please favour April 2\i 
me with the order p. bearer. Mr. Camp. 

I am, sir, 

Your mo. obed, Serv't. 



Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. April 2d 

Sir: 

Captain Caperton's Company was ordered into service by instruc- Council 
tions from the Executive of the 12th of December, 1791, for the defence o«"<5e 
of Greenbriar and Kanawha for the year 1792. The same was divided, 
and a detachment under the command of Lieutenant Cooper, consisting 
of an Ensign, Sergeant, Corporal, & 34 privates, who with four scouts 
were stationed in Kanawha, and who appear to have been first mus- 
tered at various times as the}' came into service. The affidavit of this 
muster by Thomas Lewis is without his signature, but it is signed by 
the magistrate who administered the oath. 

The muster of this Detachment (when discharged) b}^ Thomas Lewis 
and George Clendenin, appears to bo duly authenticated. The other 
division of the company who served in Greenbriar has been mustered by 
Colonel Stewart. 

There is but one muster-roll presented for this part of the company^ 
which is without the signature of the muster-master. It contains the 
time of the first and second musters, and the certificates of proof signed 
only by the magistrate. This roll is wrote I beieive by Colonel Stewart 
himself. 

The pay-rolls and muster-Roils vary two men — Reuben Salmon is 
twice mustered, once in each Division, and Joseph Lewis in room of 
Joseph Shedmore, is not in the pay-roll. 

The number mustered, as well as that of the pay-rolls, exceed the 
number authorized, but the Surplus is accounted for by some being 
killed & othci*s enlisted in their room, & some discharged & others on- 
listed in their place, & by the drummer & fifer who were not allowed in 
the original Instructions for raising this company. 

The Ration amounts accompany the pay & muster-rolls, and also a 
Claim of Allen Pryor for a Canoe lost. 

The want of the signature of the pay-master to the first mustcr-Roll 
of Lieutenant Cooper s detachment, and to the muster-Holl which is sub- 
stituted for the first and second musters of Captain Caperton's own 
command, with the circumstance of that substitution, appear to be the 
only defect in these papers, except that they are much defaced with 
alterations. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your very Obed't Serv't. 



324 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 

April 3d 



At a court held for Fluvanna County, the 3rd day of April, 1794: 
This Court doth nominate and recommend to his Excellency the Gov- 



Fhivanna ernor, Samuel Ricbanison, Gent., as a proper person to serve as Escheator 
in the county. 



AiMil3d 



Council 
office 



A copy: 



J. TIMBERLAKE, E. 



Sam. Coleman to thk Governor. 

Sir: 

By the inclosed it will be observed that the auditor has some diffi- 
culty in granting a warrant for ray last quarter's saiary as augmented 
on the 30th of June, 1789. 

I only beg leave to observe that the reasons then assigned for making 
me an additional allowance have been strengthened by an addition to 
the duties which then devolved on me, and which will probably accumu- 
late until the militia shall bo finally arranged. 

I hope therefore that no alteration will be made in my salary, and 
that the auditor may be directed to grant warrants for the same as 
usual. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 
* Your most ob't Servant. 

In Council, June 30, 1789. 

Colonel Meriwether having resigned his office of third Clerk to this 
Board, and it appearing unnecessary that more than two clerks be 
employed hereafter. It is advised that Mr. Coleman, the Assistant 
Clerk be directed in addition to the duties at present performed by him, 
to discharge those heretofore assigned to Colonel Meriwether, and that 
he be allowed as a compensation for his trouble therein the additional 
sum of one hundred pounds per annum. 



Extract from the Journal : 



Attest: 



A. BLAIR. 



April 4th Peter Randolph's Bond as Clerk of Nottoway County Court. 

Nottoway Know all men by these presents that we, Peter Randolph, Francis 

lx)unty 3£uir, & Samuel Pincham, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency 

Henry Lee, Esq., Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 325 



penalty of one thousand pounds to be paid to the said Henry Lee, 1793. 
Esquire, and his successors for tho time being, to which payment well April 4th 
and truly to be made we bind ourselves, heirs, Executors & administra- 
tors firmly by these presents. 

Sealed with our seals, and dated this 4th day of April, 1793. 

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas the above 
bound Peter Randolph hath this day been appointed clerk of the court 
of Nottoway county, now if the said Peter Randolph doth & shall well 
and truly execute the office of Clerk, as aforesaid, for the said county 
of Nottoway, & keep safely & preserve all records or papers relative to 
his said office given into his charge, and shall not remove or permit to 
be removed or carried away any of the said records or papers of the 
said court of Nottoway, whereof he is clerk, or any part thereof, except 
in eases allowed by law, and shall in all things duly and faithfully exe- 
cute and perform the office of clerk as aforesaid, agreeable to law during 
his continuation in the said office. Then the above obligation to be 
void and of none effect, or, else to remain in full force, power, and vir- 
tue. 

PETER RANDOLPH. [Seal.] 
F. MUIR. [Seal.] 

SAM. PINCHAM. [Seal.] 



Hezbkiah Davison to the Governor. April 4th 

Dear Sir: 

After all the exertions that you are sensible I made in Gene- Harrison 
ral Assembly to fully authorize j'ou to take measures that you thought County 
proper to Defend our Frontiers, and your own exertions to Complete the 
same, We conceive ourselves in this county at present, as well as our 
sister county Randolph, to be in Geperty, and in more Danger than we 
have been since the Teadious Indian Wore commenced. Yesterday we 
had intelligence from the Muskingum, which can be Depended on to be 
the truth that a number of Indian rafts had crost the Ohio river Suffi- 
cient to carry about 150 men in a Direct Direction for our settlement, 
which much alarms the Inhabitence. We have no guard at present, ex- 
cept every family his own, by reason of Col. Lowther being directed to 
only inlist Single men, and them not to be in Service till this month, 
therefore, in my opinion, if your Excelency does not order on our fron- 
tier a large company of the militia out of the Counties of Hampshire, 
Hardy, & Pendleton for our releif, all our frunteer settlement will be 
obliged to Brake, and them to be commanded by Col. Lowther, w'ch will 
be able to do us service. As he is our commanding officer of this Ridgi- 
mint under the late law, the people Imprest it on him to give you ame- 



326 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. (liate information of our Dangerous situation. Your exertions at present 
April 4th will ever be acknowledged b}' 

Your most ob*t and very Humble Serv't. 



April 5th Geo. Jackson to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Harrison Our country calls aloud at this time for some assistance off Govern- 

^^^ ment, which 3'ou will see by Col. Lowlher's letter, accompanyed by one 
Capt. Nallis, from the mouth of the Little Knaway. The discontinu- 
ance of our Rangei^H in our country this season, or at least the stopagc 
that has been put to their operations, have dainpt the Spirits of the peo- 
ple. I shall not go into a minutia of the approach of danger of the 
Savages, as I expect Col. Lowther has given full Information by Express, 
but hope you will answer our petition, for I am of opinion we never 
stud in more need of protection than we do at this time. I wrote to 
you at Philadelphia respecting some business of my own, that General 
Wood told me he would also mention to you by letter, &c. I would be 
much obliged to you to receive a line on that subject, its respecting my 
expences, &c.. last year in furnishing the ration. 

The bearer, Mr. Felkner, is a gentleman of my acquaintance, who 
intentions some doubts of receiving an^'thing for wriding this Express, 
and I have from my knowledge of you, give him good encounigement, 
and hope you will conceive that this is a particular Instans, and much is 
at stake with us, <!(dc. 

I have the Honour to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most Obedient and very Humble Serv't. 



April 5th Allen Pryor's Petition to the Governor. 

To his Excellency, the Governor, and the Honorable the members of the 
Council: 

The petition of Allen Prior humbly' represents, that in conso- 
quonco of the failure of Capt. Caperton to bring forward the papeii* 
properly authenticated to support the claim of his company of volun- 
tier militia to their pay, he is disappointed in his expectation of receiv- 
ing the monies necessarily expended in procuring rations for a part of 
said Company stationed in Kanawa; that he has been waiting a fort- 
night here, and live weeks on his way from Kanawa for the arrival of 
Capt. Caperton, which has been attended with considerable expense and 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEKS. 327 



ineonvenienco to him ; and therefore, he Prays that his situation may be 1793. 
taken into consideration, & jsuch proportion of the money due for the April 5th 
Rations furnished the said malitia, advanced him on account as the Ex- 
ecutive may think proper. Ho begs leave to state that 400 Dollars will 
enable him to discharge the claims ot others against him for supplies by 
them furnished, for which he is liable on his return to the Point. 



Cleon Moore's Bond as Notary Public. April 5th 

Know all men by these presents, that I, Cleon Moore, of the town of ^ 

Alexandria, acknowledge myself to bo held and firmly bound unto his 
Excellency Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor of Virginia, and his succes- 
sors, in the sum of five hundred pounds current money of Virginia; To 
the which payment well and truly to be made and done, I do hereby 
bind myself, my heirs. Executors, and Administrators, firmly by these 
presents. 

As Witness my hand and seal this twenty-fifth day of April, 1793. 

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas TheHon- 
'ble James Wood, Esquire, Deputy Governor of Virginia, did in the 
absence of the Governor, with the advice of the council, by commission 
bearing date the nineteenth of this present month and year, under the 
seal of the (vommonwealth, appoint the said Cleon Moore Notary Pub- 
lic for the District of Alexandria, vice John Fitzgerald, who hath re- 
signed, To have, hold, and enjoy that office according to Law; Now if 
the said Cleon Moore shall duly and faithfully discharge the said office 
of Notary Public for the District aforesaid, That then the said obliga- 
tion be void, else remain in full force. 

CLEON MOORE. [Seal.] 

Sealed & Delivered in presence of — 

G. DENEALE. 



James Hawkins to the Governor. April 5th 

Sir: 

I beg leave to represent to the honorable the Executive, that I have Richmond 
been at considerable expense and trouble in raising a company of men 
pursuant to the instructions from their Board, dated the 10th of Novem- 
ber, 1792; that in consequence of a letter from the Lieutenant-Governor, 
of the 6th of March, stating that the companies destined for the defence 
of the frontiers would not be called into Service at the time heretofore 



CALESVAR OF STATE PAPERSu 



ITiC^. fix4»d K^r 4rfLi^c«aivjXi^ liKrib. 1 imTe dkc-iianred liHr said eompAiiy. pn^- 

PerxLJi ukt Uj i**jyt^ Sir. litat a eium ctf oocnpeikaauan A*r the expeiK*e 
MXtd iivgi'k vL^'.-L I Lav^: l*t«rii ml id ibc- Exetrauon vf thi« bosinesei viii 
tKn i«c liKMi^ii -iiziprcp|K:r. mod that :& fixing tfai< compensiatioD n^-^fiect 
uiMy ht iukd to t^ f^aj of tlx* oificurr enga^«id id this busiDea^. 

I bav^ the howjr to be, fHr. 

Tour ino^t Ob't S<rnrant. 

Mr. HavkiD^ tc^oder^ faU ferricies if the Execative shoald id tuiar^ 
have ociea»ioD for them. 
* J. STEELE. 



April fMh J- AVBLCB. TsLASTSKa. ASJp J. PeXBLETDS. ACPITO&. TO THE <jOV- 



Sir: 

We hare considered the letter ftx>m the Hon'bie the Secretary of 
the Tn:a«aiy. dated the 22d nito., on which you were pleased to direct 
Uh to report. 

We coiitidered oureelve^ not authonzeii to determine the propriety of 
j^riog to the coromi:k<!oner of loans the mfbrmaiion he require^i on hi> 
fir%t application, and therefore sobmiled it to your Excellency- in Coun- 
cil. We received no official in^nructions in answer, but understood it to 
be the opinion of the Hon'bie Board that our Duty obliged us to witb> 
hold information, which, if obtained, might be emploi-ed to contravene 
an Act of the Legislature which we were expresssly directed to execute. 

We are not competent. Sir. to Judge whether the act is constitutional 
or otherwise, or of the expediency of the measure. We hope, however, 
the 6n»t question may be hereafter discussed in a legal way. and in the 
meantime no injury done to the Rights & Interests of the union gene- 
rally, and of this State individually by the regular uninterrupted pro- 
ceedings of the Loan office. 

We are with great respect. 

Your Excellency's most obed. Serv*ts. 



April ^b Th. JoHifsoR, D'd Stlaet, Dan'l Carroll, Fkdbral Commissio.verss 

TO THE Governor. 

Sir: 
WaMhingion From the Information we have received from our Treasurer, we 

have not the desirable certainty that the last 3*ear*s proportion of the 
Virginia Donation will come into hand at a fixed daily period. We 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 329 



have calculated on its being paid before this time, and should have been 1793, 
involved in DifficulticK, had not the Maryland Treasury anticipated the April 8th 
payment of a great part of her 24,000 Dollai*s for the current year. We 
intreat you, sir, that a short day may be fixed for the Receit of the last 
year's balance, and that your assembly may in time be reconciled to 
make adequate provision for the current year. It must occur to you 
how essential punctuality is to the object of our appointment, how much 
our personal Honor is concerned in the discharge of official Engage- 
ments, and the fatal Consequence a Disappointment may Occasion to 
the warm wishes and Interest of the two States. 

We are, sir, very Respectfully, 

Your most Ob't, H'mble Serv'ts. 



A. Lewis to the Governor. April 9th 

Sir: 

I am sorry that the distressed situation of the Frontiers compels Fort Lee 
me to send to you by Kxpress. On Sunday week, Ensign Moses Cock- 
rol an<l two men were passing from this into powder valley with Seve- 
ral Horses Loaded. On the Top oi Powells mountain (about twelve 

miles from the Cove,) they were fired on by twelve Indians. The 

two men wei*e Shot dead on the Spott — himself pursued to the foot of 
the mountain, two of the horses killed, all the Loads U)st. The Enemy 
being in the rear of him, obliged him to run to the valley. No person 
passing from there, had no information here for several days. Capt. 
Neel raised some men, & is in pursuit of them. I am in hopes that if 
my Ensign gets intelligence in time, as he is stationed in the lower end 
of the valley, will meet with them on their return. Some Day last 
week fourteen persons were killed on the Kentucky road near the Hazle 
patch; the whites first discovered the Indians, and attempted to get the 
first fire — was disappointed; the Indians killed four of them the first 
fire, but two of the whites that were men got of; both parties broke at 
once. On the Indian side was found dead, five, and one white man that 
was with them. About twenty days past several people were killed on 
the Kentucky road & several Wounded. A few days past, on the Head 
of Clinch, or rather blue Stone, six horaes were stole and one man killed; 
this I cannot assert, as I have but Just received the information. It was 
with difficulty I could prevail on the people not to break up. Now, I 
fear without more Troops — go they will. 

When I came out, Capt. Cockrel had discharged the scouts under him. 
The new Garden Settlement was about to break up — some had moved. 
To prevent it, I appointed two scouts to be continued until more men 

came into service; that with assurance that you would allow them men, 

42 



330 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. thej agreed to live at Home. No companies being allowed to the val- 
April 9th ley, I was compelled to »end an Knsign's command there — ^a Sergeant k 
twelve to Dump!* creek; a serg't and seven at Ryu Cove; some at Si. 
Mary's with the French — which leaven not more than twenty men at 
Fort Lee, which I think too few; if Lidians come in, I cannot take out 
more than litlcen men & have any to keep the Garrison. 

I was under the necessity to appoint two scouts to the valley, two to 
the Cove, and two at Fort Lee, two at Dump's Creek, which is four more 
than I was authorized to appoint. As the safety of the county required 
it, I hope to meet your approbation for so doing. Should more men be 
ordered, four more scouts will be sufficient. Great complaints are among 
Uie people against the Executive for withholding the troops from them. Why 
we are fed up with hopes of peace I cannot see. For many years there has 
not been a spring that Danger appeared so great. The distressed situa- 
tion of the people I cannot paint to you. With the few troops under 
my command I can neither take revenge, nor give full protection to the 
frontiei*s. If I must give my opinion, the four companies allowed from 
the disposition of the enemy will find enough to guard the whole fron- 
tiers, for there is no telling what part they will fall on. Wherever 
Troops are that place they will avoid. I think it a disgrace to so import- 
ant a state as Virginia to suffer their citizens to be massacred, without the 
liberty of taking revenge. For God's sake put us in a situation not only 
to defend ourselves, but to act in any other capacity that your Excel- 
lency may require. If they four companies may be thought too great 
a Burden, at least lot us have two full companies and a Lieutenant's 
command, otherwise the country will be left uninhabited only by your 
few soldiers that are compelled by honor & duty to you to stand their 
ground. 

I would have taken the liberty to call upon the adjacent counties for militia^ 
but know men draughted for one month are of no use, <€? t?ie imposition of 
such troops on the Executive for last season are not to be born with, especially 
in Kanauha county, the men that would have been obliged to defend their 
families were called into service. 

I am your Excellency's 

most obcd't serv't. 



April 9th ^A.^. Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Council '^^^ accompatiying muster and pay-rolls of Levi Morgan's detach- 

office ment of militia ordered into service on the 16th of June last, by the 

Executive, are now perfect, being accompanied with ration abstracts, 

also duly authenticated Copies of the pay-rolls for the scouts employed 



CALEypAB or STATE PAPEE^^. 331 



in 179(> &Tid 175*1. in Hiirri«(»ri cduiii v, arc t(»rwardi».d jmrHnuDi to (t^d- 37RS. 
enil WcK»d> knier (rf* the SiliJi of Ft*l»ruurv i<» Colo. Bt^iijamiii Wikdii, April Mi 
in wbioL let.usr l.be jiariiimil o1 tbt* nifnifv dur tlic h(u»ui^. i i:X(rti|»i Ptnt^r 
&Dd Saninol Bdunetle }. ujiod wbieli xhv naid fdjno^i being forwardtid, it^ 
prom ised. 

Ii will l»e ol»ftervt»d thai aft^r tbt- first (if Ikuu^mbcr, 1792. En«i£rii 
Morgmifr d«*tacbn>eiit ol militia wiif» ^-ouliuiicd in st^i-vitu' until t.bo 12x\i 
of Jauuarv. 17H3. I l»<*rr Itaivr t<» refer to GcUfruI W«»(id for reuHon (rf* 
tbi^i continuance, and 

hart" tiie bonor to lie. sir. 

Tour mf>st oi»ed)em Horvant. 

P. S. — ITpon fiirtiier examination oi the jiaj»er8 f»l En^i^i Morion. 1 
find tbat tbe ration alwtraet f<»r the ^ation^ iurnitibed tbe men who wore 
continoed in service irom tbe 1hi of I>eeeraber, 179*1, t(» tbe 12th of 
Januarr, 1793, ib noi nigned bj tbe eoontv L'heutenant. Considering 
the authentic manner in which tbe munter and pay-roll^ are lor warded, 
it in submitt-ed how lar this omiH8i(»n should operate against the ration 
a<?eount. 

SAM L COLEMAN. 



JOHK OtEKTOK to the (tOVKRWOR. April 9th 

Sir: 

I have the honor of inelosing tou the paJ^e^^ relative to nofi^ Lonifui 
Ge<^>r«re. n(»w under nentence ol I>ealh in thiis Count v. I am inf(trmed 
tbat it can be }in»ved t»v Hf»n)e of the ne^irrcH^ on tbe plantation where 
the murder wafc- eomniitt-ed that an attempt was made to slab negro 
Georire I'V tbe neirr(» that waf" murdered bv hitn. Time will not admit 
of tbe enquiry* l»eing made at present. 

I have tbe honor of l»eing. sir. 

Tour most ol»edient servant, 

Louisa Sc.: 

Pernonallv aj»peared before me, a Justice of the Pea(^ for the county 

atorenaid. Landv J(»ue6, and made cmth that at the time he <rave testi- 
mony at Louisa Court against the negn>mau George, who is d(»w under 
sentence of l>eath, that he did nut e<:»uceive it material to mention a part of 
the said Ge'irge's eonJession in regard to the murder, ^Coniession and 
circa rontaneeb being all the testimonv against him) which was that he, 
Geortre. c«.»nfesMed that the negrri that he killed threatened to kill him. 
It mar be neeessar)* to olmerve tbat George was put in Irons at that 



332 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. time for running away, and tho ne^ro on whom the murder was com- 
April 9th mi tied to guard him while at work. 

Ap'l 6th, 1793. Sworn to before me the day above written. 

LANDY JONES. 
JOHN OVERTON. 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer, held at the Courthouse of Louisa 
County, on Wednesday, the 6th day of March, 1793, for the trial of 
George, a negro man, slave, the propert}- of Mathew Farrar, charged 
with Feloniously murdering Ann, a Negro woman, Slave, the property 
of tho Said Mathew Farrar, on the — day of , 1793 : 

Present — Charles Yancey, Maj. Thos. Johnson, Richard Johnson, John 
Poindexter, & Henry Gurrett, Gent. Justices. 

A Copy — Teste: 

JNO. POINDEXTER, Jr., Cl'k. 

April 9th Louisa, sc. : 

I do hereby Certify that I was one of the Court that tryd 
George, a negro man, condemned to die; there was but one witness who 
gave testimony ag'st the s'd George, & from his testimony alone the 
Court condemned him. Since tho tryal, the witness confessed to me 
that he had not told the whole truth, & hud kept back a part of his tes- 
timony, which, in my opinion, would have made in favour of the s'd 
Negroe. The part of the testimony which was not given in, was, ihat 
George (the criminal) acted in his own defence, (as the person murdered 
either threatened or attempted to murder him j. 
Given under my hand this 6th day of Ap'l, 1793. 

HENRY GARRETT. 



April 10th Thomas Lewis and Geo. Clendenin to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Kanawha Inclosed we send your Excellency a copy of a Letter addressed to 

William Morris, from Moses Mann, which we here was appointed to the 
command of a Company Intended for the defence of this County. He 
Informs that if his company are wanting, that they will come forward 
provided thev are permitted so to do by the Executive. 

Wo are sorry to inform your Excellency that from the late Invations 
that have taken place, we have been under the nece88it3'' for the defence 
of the Inhabitants of the Town at the mouth of Kanawha and those of 
Bellevale, to order on duty Captain Cooper's Company. On tho Twenty- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 333 



Becond day of last month, they Indians murdered a young Lady and 1793. 
took a boy prisoner In view of the Town at the mouth of Kanawha, April 10th 
and would have most certainly killed her Father, Captain Vanbebber, & 
have took a negro man, Had not the people from the Town yielded him 
their immediate assistance; previous to which, Being sheltered by a 
small cabin. He killed one of the Indians, and we expect mortally 
wounded two others. 

A few days before the above mischeif Happened, they Indians took 
prisoner a negro woman, the property of Leonard Morris, Esquire, 
Eight miles above the mouth of Elk, sixty-nine miles up the Great Ka- 
nawha. They Indians that have lately crossed the River Ohio into our 
county, Icit Ten exceeding large Rafts at one place — Besides several 
other scattering ones at different places; from which sign we cannot 
conjecture that there is a less numl)er than One hundred of them in the 
Count}' at present. 

They scouts from the town of Gallipolis, on the second day of this 
Instant, discovered that fifteen more were directing their course toward 
the Ohio, consequently we apprehend they are Joined the others pre- 
vious to this. 

We beg leave to Inform your Excellency and the Hon'ble membere of 
council, that we apprehend the Reason that operated with the Execu- 
tive in preventing Captain Mann's company from coming forward, (by 
whom the Inhabitants at the mouth of Kanawha and Belleville might 
have been protected.) was that the conjectured or were led to beleive 
that those places were defended or covered by the continental army. If 
those were the motives that influenced the Executive on this occasion, 
we doubt not but they will readily agree that other protection is neces- 
sary, when we assure your Excellency that we find not the least aid 
from them whatever. 

True it is that a company' of Regulars are at present stationed at the 
town of Gallispolis, on the northwestern Territory, four miles below the 
mouth of Kanawha, whose business seems merely to defend themselves, 
tor when the Indians have been in the possession of our property and 
application made to them for assistance, we have been unsuccessfull. 

We cannot Help thinking that were Captain Cooper's Company 
(which is principally constituted of the Huntei*s,) continued, the public 
would be a gainer thereby, and the county In all probability better de- 
fended. However, whatever determination the Executive please to 
come to — whether to continue the aforesaid Company, or Forward Cap- 
tain Mann's — will be pleasing to us, as immediate protection is our only 
motive. At present, two of Capt. Cooper's Company do the duties of 
spies On the northwestern side of Ohio, watching the approaches of the 
Indians. 

We are your Rxcellencie's ob't. Humble Servants. 



334 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Daniel Triog to the Governor. 

Sir: 

April 10th The low state of health umler which I have lahourod for some time 

Mont- past, (being confined to my Room and bed,) will, I hope, sufficiently 

j^omerv' Co. apologize to your Exeellenoy for the delay in official information of the 
hostile attacks of the Indians upon the unprotected parts of our South- 
western frontier — 1 mean the countys of Wythe and Montgomery; a 
narrative of which exhibits a singular scene of their nefarious Savage 
designs upon the defenceless and exposed. Since the 20th of March, 
they have been constantly hovering over this part of our Fn>ntiers — 
frequently shewing themselves to the teri*orof the Inhabitants, and their 
Sign always to be discovered; John Davidson murdered by them, and u 
number of horses stolen from Wolf creek, blue stone and Island Creek, 
for and with all which they have escaped, with impunity, except the 
party intrusted with they care of conveying away the horses from 
Island creek, who have been pursued, the horses retaken, together with 
the arms and blankets of three of their warriors, who were killed and 
scalped by the Justl}* incensed followers at the mouth of Little cole; the 
whites in this action received no damage, which I hope will be a means 
of giving spirit & alacrity to the other injured parts. The number of 
Indians at first concerned in taking the Horses from Island creek, w^ere 
computed by the followers at Twenty-three, but before overtaken had 
forked off to different quarters, twelve appeared to make for the Kan 
hawa, and Eight towards Guyandott. The number concerned in the 
murder of Davidson at the laurel fork of wolf creek, was Judged about 
twelve, who also carryed off a number of horses from that neighbor- 
hood, and passed with them in da^'light thro* the Heart of the Blue 
Stone settlement. The number of the other partys that still appear 
hovering along the Frontier, I have not been able to ascertain, but they 
are thought considerable. Sir. the Evident danger to which our Fron- 
tier Inhabitants are daily exposed, calls for the immediate attention ot* 
your Excellency, independent of the anxious solicitude of the citizens, 
that you would adopt some speedy means of defence, and it to their 
relief. 

I am, Respectfully, 

Your most Obedi'nt Servant. 



April 10th ^M. Lowther to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Harrison Co. ^ inclose to you a letter from Capt. James Neal and Mr. Phelps at 

Neal's Station near the motilh of little Kanaway, seting forth to me the 
great apprehension of approaching danger; Requesting of me some 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 335 



Protection, but not having it in my power to give them any, and m}' 1793. 
feelings much wounded at their Despered situation, I thought it advise- April 10th 
able to forward these to you by express, which 1 am in hopes will meet with 
your a])prol)ati<)n in every sense. 1 am apprehensive shouhl it be deemed 
necessary to call a company of Voluntier militia together, it could 
beanlly be don By Reason ot their being Disappointed in their first and 
second undertaking, and now being engaged in other business, 1 will 
not presume to Point out any way ot protection, but leave that to your 
Excellency's superior wisdom, and rest assuredly that something will 
be done for the suffering frontiers of the different counties. 

I am, Sir, with duo respect, 

Your most obed't. 

March 3l8t, 1793. 
Dear Coll.: 

Times is very alarming at present. I conceive there is more 
Indians out at this, time then has been since the war. There came 
a man here last night, who informed us that on the 23d Instant he was 
at Bigg Kenaway, where he saw a party of Indians attack a Cabbin on 
the other side of the River. Here they killed a young woman and took 
a boy prisoner, but through the bravery of old Mr. Vanbiver and his 
negro, was repulsed, leaving one of their men on the ground and two or 
three more wounded, so they was obliged to lead them off. Squier 
Green also came up yesterday, and give the same account, therefore, 
it is very certain. We are also very certainly informed by men coming 
up the River that the saw as much as thirteen rafts, some of which 
measured eighteen feet by fourteen. Tracks has also been lately seen 
on Little Wockhocken, and yesterday there was a party crossed the 
Ohio near Sandy Run. Whether they intend for this station or for your 
countr}*, is a matter uncertain. 

We leave it to you, sir, to Judge of the situation of the Frontier, and 
make no doubt but you will do everything in your power for our pro- 
tection. 

Wo are with great esteem, 

Your very H'blo Servants, 

JAMES NEAL. 

HUGH PHELPS. 
Coll. William Lowthcr. 



Wm. Lowther to the Governor. 4pril loth 

Harrison Co., March 22d, 1793. 
Dr. Sir: 

I do not recollect that I have any answer to write to any of 
your Icttei-s sent to me by the hand of Col. Jackson or Col. Willson, 
save only to return you thanks tor the copy of that complaint you sent 



336 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. by Col. Wilwon, and am bappy to inforra you tbat I am able and willing 
to give you every satisfaction tbat may be required, and make it appear 
to be erroneous and founded in malice. 

1 bave proceeded to Raise a considerable number of m}' Quoto of men, 
and bopes I will soon bave tbem all Compleat, and am at a loss to know 
wbat is to be done on tbe first day of April next, as 1 k!»ow of no per- 
son to muster my men, nor wbat duty is to be done, nor wbero to be 
Stationed, and apparently a necessity for tbeir service. I bopo to receive 
some Instructions from you on tbis subject. 

Tbis da}' I Expect to Receive tbe money from Ibo band of Col. Ben- 
jamin Wilson, and by tbe Statement as appears by tbe Auditor's certifi- 
cates on tbe copy of tbe pay-abstracts, 1 am well Sattysfied. 

My not having Received tbe money untill tbis day, bas been ocationcd 
by ray being in pursuit of a partie of Indians who bad been paying us 
a late visit. 

The affair stands tbus: 

On the 3rd day of this Instant, a party of Indians stole 6 horses 
within about 7 miles of Clerksburg. I quickly Raised a j)artie of 16 
men, exclusive of myself, and pursued on boi'se back near to tbe Ohio 
River; there left our hoi'sos and got a Rainforcomentof 5 men, and went 
by water from Williams Station Down tbe River to about four miles 
below Belleville, then took the Trail and followed near fifty miles in the 
Indian Country, and came up with a part of them at tbeir Camp in tbo 
daytime; there was but two of them in their camp — One we killed, and 
the other Got much wounded. He Dropt his Gun in the pursuit, which 
we Got, but unfortunately for us he got into thick, Boushy woods, and 
we lost him. We Retook 4 of tbe horses; before we Got up a partie of 
the Indians had lefl the camp and took off 2 of the horees. My men 
was so fatigued, and our provisions exhausted, I pursued no farther. In 
following the different windings Taken by the Indians, our Journey 
down the River and the distance we marched in the Indian Country we 
computed on a moderate scale to bo 186 miles. Then nearly tbe same 
Distance to Return took up fourteen days. We have all Returned home 
safe, but much fataugued, and with only tbe loss of one valuable horse 
of Capt. John Haymond, who was along himself in company*. One 
other horse Strayed from us in tbe Woods — him we expect to get. 

I had to pay Cash for tbe greater part of the provisions expended on 
our Expedition, and wishes to be Informed if pay is to be obtained for 
our service Including our losses and Rations, and if pay is allowed, 
would wish your Direction therein. 

Sir, I Refere you to a letter of this date from Col. Bonj. Wilson, in 
which he mentions the present fears of our frontier people. 

The Bearer will lay before you the pay-abstract k mustor-RoUs of tbat 
part of my Company that was commanded by Ensign Levi Morgan. 

I have, sir, tbe honour to subscribe mj'self, 

Your Obedient and very bumble Serv't 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 337 



Commonwealth vs. Angela Barnett — Copy Record. 1793. 

Virginia: 

Be it rcmomborod, that at a court held at the Capitol in the April 11th 
city of Richmond, on Monday, the first day of April, in the year of our 
Lord, One Thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, for the District 
composed of the counties of Henrico, Hanover, Chesterfield, Goochland, 
and Powhatan, Before the Judges alloted to the same, by the Oath of 
William Alexander, Thomas Macon, Richard Adams, Jr., Stephen South- 
all, Daniel Trucheart, William Trueheart, John Graham, James Heron, 
Daniel Vanduval, William Norvell, George Nicholson, John Brook, 
Henry Randolph, James Lyle, Elisha White, Henry Timberlake, Thomas 
Butler, good and lawful men of the said District, then and there im- 
pannelled, sworn and charged to enquire for the body of the said Dis- 
trict — It is presented as follows, to-wit: 

Virginia, to-wit: 

The Jurors for the District composed of the counties of Chester- 
field, Powhatan, Gooc^hland, Hanover, & Henrico, upon their Oaths pre- 
sent that Angela Barnett, Spinster, late of the county of Henrico, afore- 
said, and within the Jurisdiction of this court, not having the fear of 
God before her Eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of 
the Devil, on the fourth day of September, in the year of our Lord, One 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, with force and arms in the 
county of Henrico aforesaid, in and upon one Peter Franklin in the 
peace of God and of this Commonwealth, then and there being felo- 
niously, willfully and of her malice aforethought did make an assault, 
and that she, the said Angela Barnet. with a certain Iron Instrument, 
called an Adze, of the value of six pence, which she, the said Angela 
Barnet, in her nght hand held the said Peter Franklin in and upon the 
left side of the head of him, the said Peter Franklin, then and there 
feloniously, willfully and of her malice aforethought did strike, giving 
the said Peter Franklin, then and there with the Adze aforesaid, in and 
upon the left side of the head of him, the said Peter Franklin, one mortal 
wound of the breadth of two inches and depth of six inches; of which 
said mortal wound of the breadth of two inches and depth of six inches, 
of which said mortal wound the said Peter Franklin from the said 
fourth day of September, in the year aforesaid, untill the Eighth day of 
the same month of September, in the year aforesaid, in the county afore- 
said, did languish, and languishing did die; and so the Juroi*s aforesaid 
do say that the said Angela Barnett, the said Peter Franklin, in manner 
and form aforesaid, then and there feloniously, willfully and of her malice 
aforethought, did kill and murder against the peace and dignity of the 
Commonwealth of Virginia. 

And the said Angela Bai*nett being brought to the bar hero in her 

43 



338 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. proper person, under the custody of the keeper of the District Jail; to 
April 11th whoHc custody for the cause aforesaid she had been before committed, 
and forthwith it being demanded concerning the premises in the said 
Indictment above specified and charged upon her how she will acquit 
herself thereof, she saith she is not guilty thereof, and thereof she puts 
herself upon the country and James Innes, Esq,, Attorney-General for 
the Commonwealth — whereupon, immediately came a Jury, to- wit: 
Obediah Smith, John Ellis, William Henley, William Alley, Thomas 
Ellis, William Gathright, Anselm Gathright, William Gathright, Jr., 
John Ellis, Jr., Peter Price, Jesseo Bowles, and William Southall; who 
being elected, tried and sworn the truth of and upon the promises to 
Speak, and having heard the evidence, upon their oath do say that the 
said Angela Barnett is guilty of the murder aforesaid, in manner and 
form as in the Indictment against her is alleged; and thereupon she is 
remanded to Jail. 

And afterwards, to-wit: the eleventh day of April, 1793, the said 
Angela Barnett being brought again to the Bar here in her proper per- 
son, under the custody of the keeper of the District Jail, and thereupon 
it being demanded of her if anything for herself she had or knew to 
say why the court here to Judgement and execution against her of and 
upon the premises should not proceed, she said that she had nothing 
but what she had before said. Therefore it is considered by the court 
that she be hanged by the neck untill she be dead, and that execution of 
this Judg4}ment be made and done upon her the said Angela Barnett by 
the sheriff of Henrico county, on Friday, the seventeenth day of May 
next, between the hours of ten in the forenoon and two in the after- 
noon of the same day, at the usual place of execution. 

Teste : 

J. BROWN, C. R. D. C. 



April 12th JoHN MouRiss' Order for Payment to be Made to Wm. Dreddy. 

Kanawha His Excellency, the Governor of Virginia, will please to order pay- 
ment to bo made to Wifliam Dreddy for myself and those imployed 
under my Command the last year, agreeably to the abstract of Rations 
in his hands with muster and Pay-Roll. 

Given under my Hand & seal the above day & date. 

JOHN MORRIS. [Seal] 

Teste: 

WILLIAM GRAHAM, 
GEO. CLBNDBNIN. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 339 



John Fitzgerald to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

My appointment of Collector for the Port in consequence of Mr. April 12th 
Charles Leo's resignation, renders it necessary that the Rxecutive siiould Alexandria 
appoint another Notary Public for this District. This 1 request they 
will do without loss of time. Mr. Cleon Moore, of this place, has re- 
quested me to mention him to your Kxcellency for this office. lie has 
aasistod me in the business since the commencement of it here, under- 
stands it well, & is well qualified to ^ive gencml satisfaction. His attach- 
ment to bis country & services in the hour of danger fully entitle him to 
this mark of attention from your honorable Council. 

With the highest consideration, 

I have the honor to be, 

Your mo. Obed. Scrv't. 



Cleon Moore to the Governor. April 12th 

Sir: 

Colo. Fitzgerald's collectorship for this District, obliges him to re- Alexandria 
sign his Notary Public's office, which he is desirous of doing in my favor, 
and will <lo me the Justice to say that he thinks me well qualified to 
conduct the business — having for seven years past assisted him in it. It 
is known as a truth within the circle of my acquaintance, that I spent 
a considerable part of my small ])atrimony, as well as some years of my 
life in the service of my country, which together with the hard Measure 
I have Received from some people 1 have had to deal with since, has, 
with a wife and six small children, rather cramped me in my circum- 
stances. I hope then I mi\y well ask of my country the small pittance 
the profits of this office will afford me, and 3'ou for your Interest in the 
business. 

1 am, sir, 

Your most Ob't, llbl. Serv't. 



Wm. Da vies to the Governor. April 12th 

Sir: 

I received in duo time your Excellene3''s favors, with the enclosures Phila- 
from Mr. Ross k Co., and laid them accordingly before the Board. delphia 

Finding it impossible to dispose of a bill here, I am obliged to draw 



340 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. in favor of Col. Robert Gamble for £165, as formerly communicated an<l 
April 12th now noted below. 

I have the honor to be, with perfect respect & Esteem, 

Your Excelicncie's most humble Serv't. 

Wm. Davies, .-...- £125 
Js. Murray, ..-.-- 25 

On account, .-...- 15 



£165 or $550. 



April 12th CrEo. Clendinen, K. C, to toe Governor. 

Sir: 
Kanawha I once more take the libert}' of applying to your Excellency and 

the Ilon'blc Members of Council for the pay and subsistence o£ Ca])t. 
John Morris and Company for the last year. I have herewith enclosed 
to you a letter from Colo. Lewis and myself Respecting our present 
situation, with a copy of your letter of the twelfth of October ia«l, 
Ratifying my cooperation with Captain Caperton in Detaching to his aid 
part of my militia. A letter from Joseph Howell, Esquire of the War 
Department, Accountant's office; a letter, or copy thereof, from your 
Excellency Respecting me forwarding public papers to you and the 
Hon'ble Secretary of War. The Express who carried the original 
papers agreeably to your directions to the war office, was paid for hi8 
services; the other which was Mr. David Milburn that presented you 
the others, has been paid. I find that part of the objection why Cap- 
tain Morris* company were not paid, was that the Executive Imme- 
diate Information of their being on duty. This Information I fully ex- 
pected they had Received, as I perticularly Wrote them on that subject, 
and also wrote the Secretary of war; the Letter sent to the secretary of 
war Reach'd Its intended destination, being carried hy Express, as I 
have Before Resited; the one sent to your Excellency (afler the Return 
of Mr. Milburn,) I find has not, as I was detard from Sending by Ex- 
press — Mr. Milburn not having been paid. 

The Hon*blo Executive, I am informed, sent a considerable number of 
lettei*8 and papers to me last winter by Captain Caperton, which I did 
not Receive; Therefore, will Readily sec the uncertainty' of privet con- 
veyances. 

I Beg leave to Represent once more, that Captain Caperton d;d not 
come forward agreeably to his orders with his Company; That when He 
came, except the men that lie listed at the mouth of Kanbawa, which 
were stationed there sixty-one miles from the principal 'part of the In- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 341 



habitants, wore nine I think in number. True it is that in course of the 1793. 
season several others were Back and forward between our county and April 12th 
Greenbrier, from whom The Inhabitants of our county never Expe- 
rienced the smallest assistance. 

When Captain Caperton's orders was communicated to me, By Recur- 
ring to them you will find That he had power to call on me & Colo. 
Stuart, of Greenbrier, for aid; you have with you his written instruc- 
tions on that subject so far as it Related to me. 1 know not whether 
Colo. Stuart wrote you or not; I know that Captain Caperton applied 
to him for men, In case what he had Required me to Detach were not 
found sufficient. 

lli.s letter to me on that subject I forwarded by Pleasant Wade, who 
I am informed was also objected to as bearing the Express, As the Ex- 
ecutive supposed the Business could have been done by Captain Wil- 
liam Morris, then One of the Representatives of our County. By re- 
ferring to m^' letter, it will bo found that I Expected an immediate 
answer, and knew that it would not be in Mr. Morris' power to Return 
for a considei'able time. Had not the Hon'ble Executive assumed the 
pa3'ment of this Company, I should have been far from Troubling them 
with this; on my former application, as you will find from Mr. Howell's 
Letter to me, that it was expected they would be paid by Caleb Swan, 
Esquire, at Head-quarters. This Gentleman I seen at the town of Gal- 
lipolis, and Informed him of your assumption. 

I trust the Executive will excuse me for being so oxtreamely teadious 
on this occation, and permit me to Request your Excellency or some of 
they Hon'ble members to give me a piece of information which I never 
expected to be under the necessity of enquiring after. It respects a 
Brother of mine named William Clendinen, who has not the honor of a 
pei*sonal acquaintance with you or any of the council except the Hon. 
Mr. Dausin. The request, I fear, may be dii^agroeable to you, sir, or 
an}' of them to comply with; However, I hope that the relationship 
existing between him and me, as well as my pei*sonal knowledge of him 
will in some measure plead my excuse. 

We are, from the best authority, from such that we cannot in the 
smallest manner dispute, informed that when this Institution of this 
Rangmg company was first before the Executive, that William Clen- 
dinen was appointed to the command thereof; that the Executive were 
by some advice brought to believe that he was incompetent thereto by 
Reason of intoxication. Col. Lewis as well as myself, from the distressed 
situation of our county and the above Recited calumny, expecting that 
where these originated there may be more, Have at our expence, jointly 
with Mr. John Raynolds, procured the favor of Him to wait upon your 
Excellency and the Hon'ble Board, Trusting that you will give him to 
know why the late difficulties of setling the Business between this 
county and the public have Happened. If any person or Persons Have 



342 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



1793. ^Tc information that we hare not as far as it was in oar power used 

April 12th occoncmy and secured our eounlv at the same time. 3'our ExeeHency 

may Ik* assured that he has our con6dencre as a man of probity honor 

and respectability, and hope that he will merit your esteem and thosi* 

before whom he may appear. 

I have the honor to l>e with Great Respect k Esteem, 

Your Excellencies Ob't H'bic Serv't. 

P. S. — Vou will :il»»o find with this packet the copy of a letter 
addressed to William Morris, Esquire. fi*om Mr. Moses Mann. 

GEO. CLENDINEN. 

Bath County, March 5th, 1793. 

Sir: 

I must inform you that I am detained by the Governor until the}' 
se if them is want for us, & then we will be sent. Thereloi-e, if you 
want us, you must apply for us to the Governor, & we will be sent lo 
your assistance; & if your county do not aply, we will not be sent, & 
the 8<x>ner you aply the bettor. Therefore, my coming depends on your- 
selves. If you think to aply for us, I wish you to engage the men you 
informed me of, and let your Brother Henry, now that he will bo 
appointed spy. Therefore, I want an answer from you as soon as posa- 
ble. You can send it, as I have informed 3'ou the cause of our being 
detained. No more, but remains your friend, 

MOSES MANN. 
William Morriss. 



Sir: 

I am fond ol serving 3'ou, if I get the libert}' as far as I can. You 
must aply b}' petition for the company, as the assembly have made an 
Act to pay the men, if Congres does not; Therefore, there is nothing 
wanting but the neadsesaty for the Men, and wo arc sent. If there is 
not youse for the hole company in your County, the frontiers of Bath 
county will want a part of them, and, if you think proper, will be the 
best way to apply, as Bath will bo obliged to call for some Men — there 
being none provided for it yet. Colo. Vance will be fond of Joining 
your prayer for the men. 



April r2th Ja8. Henry and Richard Parker to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond Sentence of Death was passed yestoitlay on Angilla Barnett for 

murder, and on George Curry for Robbery. We Beg leave to inform 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 343 



your Excellency of the circumstances which attended the trial of each 1793. 
of these unhappy people. Ap"^ 1-^^* 

In the case of Angilla Barnett, there was a direct contradiction in the 
testimony, except to the act of killing. The Evidence on the part of 
the Commonwealth was positive; that the condemned person was very 
abusive and violent; that the conduct of the deceased was calm & per- 
suasive, until provoked by a torrent of virulent abuse — he threatened 
to whip her with a cowskin he had in his hand; that he never saw the 
deceased strike her with it, nor did he hear a stroke; that the woman 
stooped down, took up an Instrument, which afterwards proved to be 
an Adze, and struck. the deceased with it, which occasioned his death. 
The witnass for Angilla Barnett swore that the deceased grossly 
abused her, and in violent rage struck her three times with the cowskin ; 
that he called upon his companion, the witness for the Commonwealth 
before mentioned, to give him a Bludgeon concealed under his coat; that 
it was delivered to the deceased, who swore he would kill her; that as 
he advanced she stooped down, picked up some Instrument, and struck 
him as before mentioned. 

It rested then with the Jury to determine on the credibility of the 
witnesses, with whom it is supposed the}' were acquainted. 

The Witness for the Commonwealth delivered his testimony with 
clearness and dispassionately, but it must be observed, that it was this 
Witness that carried the deceased with him in the night to Search for 
concealed slaves — by what authority did not appear. The witness for 
the unhappy woman told a very consistant tale, and with great clear- 
ness, but she told it with warmth. 

We have thought proper to give your Excellency this minute detail 
of the Testimony, that the door of mercy might not be shut against her. 
We did not think proper to recommend her for mercy. 

As to Curry, it appears to us to have been a drunken frolic; that the 
witness ag't him was a man too easily alarmed. This Curry, with his 
companion, wanted him to drink with them; to which he was averse. 
Curry took off the witness' hat, and swore he should not have them ; 
upon which, the witness declared he would swear a Robbery against 
them. The hat was restored, and then Curry insisted the witness should 
put in some money to buy liquor, which was refused by the witness; 
but after denying he had any, he produced a small piece and threw it 
upon the table; he was pressed further, and he produced other money, 
and being, as he swore, afraid of his life or of some bodily hurt from 
some offers of violence, he effected his Escape. Upon the whole, as the 
case appears to us to be doubtful, we have taken the liberty of recom- 
mending this man to your Excellency as an object of mercy. 

We have the honor to be, sir. 

Your Excellencie's most ob't serv'ts, 

RICHARD PARKER, 
JAS. HENRY. 



;544 CALEJiDJLR OF STATE PAPEfiS. 



April l'2th To h« KxitefJiftB*^ Henry Lee, &q^ Governor of Tfrviac^: 

Hir: 

f lite ** 

Mth^tnfifki^ fA me to etj^nifit ''>t vonr ho««>nJ>Je hody vheth«^r & certaia W~ ili aiu 
fMwXk Jf^jrrwpi, who !:• ^|»ofnte»i comml^waiy for th» .-mu*! o.^mpoaj. s-.ye^ 
4\refXt:*l to fnmt«li ua with Ibdutn dim meaL ik { oc p>rk. *& ':ti'^i imt 
Miited; th':n alfovin^ ordv a qorirt of *all to?eaH[>Q on-e han<ln^i r:&r;«'n> 
of Frcub Pork. It'* ftcareelj to Jje ^appot^c*! he had anj sii-th •iir?.fL:«.n> 
I iindemtAnd he hzn told joa he eoaid not forDL<^h floar. bat q*''^'. rr m 
hi?* own irifofTAAtion, he did s/>me lime Ix-*! winter Pan--ha."*e a !ar:r:r 
r|fiaritity of Flower than woald hare heen !%ufficient for two *u-*h tn>ni- 
[lanten. The flower which he hafi \ffm*^ht i?* hy hi* direction in be -^^ia 
by r>fKj employed for that purpose at the low price of twenty s^hiiiia^ 
p. Barrel, only mxty mile^ from thi« fort, with the a^JFantage of an ea.-v 
water r:arrai/^ to the Place. The Ranging parties which are obE:r-*'2 
to \fe oot alm^Mt every day, and tsometime;) several day* toj^ether. c:i - 
not BulMiJ^t with corn meal which mii?^t be ma^ie Breaii off L»efoiv sottiax 
out, which Af>oilf« in a day or two in the summer when floar hkake«i w; 
\smi a week or more, which time tiome Ranging parties Exeee#is. Now 
therelore, my Hinting U) you that we may be tumished i>elter by tt.c 
Coromi.mary a»* to bread, & you*ll be the be?»l Ju«lgc3 whether the meiki 
& Halt in KufRcient, k nhould you in your wisdoms think U8 im[K>^^i on. 
wo hope your redresHcH, & shall as in duty bound ever pray. 

N. B. — The commiHHary has brought forth &8hcwn as his commiseiii»n 
to purchum; i^tions. 



April b'Uh (vKariFicATEH ah to Angelica Barnktt. 

Angelica Burnett lived in my family twelve or thirteen years since, 
(hiring which time she condnctod hei*8clf in a very decent & orderly 
munner. 

(liven under my hand this 13th day of April, 1793. 

WM. RICHARDSON. 

The above Angelica has lived with me as wet nurse, & appeared to be 
u very well dinpoHud woman. 

MARY BARNET. 

The above named Angelica Barnot lived in my Family a year, to-wit: 
in 1790, duHng which time she conducted herself as a faithful servant, 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 345 



and had the caro of my children, which Trust she discharged with 1793. 
Integrity & Fidelity. . April j:{th 

WM. DUVALL. 

We recommend Angela Burnett for mercy: 

Katharine Greenup, Philadelphia DunBComb, 

Susan Pope, Frances Trent, 

Lucy Bell, Lucy Duval, 

Elizabeth Greenhow, Ann C. Braxton, 

Eliza McCraw, Eliza Braxton, 

Elizabeth Gait, Ann Washington, 

Mary Seaton, Sarah Brown, 

Elizabeth Rootes, Mary Blair, 

Katherine Stewart, Sally Lambert, 

Anthony Geoghegan, Lucy Hopkins, 

Amos Wray, Margaret Pickett, 

Mary Strobier, Mary W. Marshall, 

Eliza Finnic, Anne Ambler, 

Jean Wood, Ann Dobio, 

Martha Graves, Eliza Quarrier, 

Fanny Allison, R Pafley, 

Diana Morgan, Samh T. Hay, 

Mary Warrock, Elizabeth Duval. 

Have mercy on the condemned criminal, We Beseech you. 

EDWARD TRENT, & 
JOSEPH TRENT. 



William Moreiss Tr> the Governob. April IMU 

Sir: 

I understand the Lieut, of this County has made application to Gov- Kanhawa 
ernment for more asi«istaDce. If the ranging company is sent forward, 
comm'd by Capt. Moses Mann — the which I agrec^d to tumisb — you will 
please send me three hundred Dollars, the which you garo me a kind of 
promise when I had the honour of contracting with you, By Mr. Jobu 
Renolds. 

I would, sir, wi<^b to acquaint you tliat 1 tbiok f^mall imriynfjf lodiaun 
will break thro' this county, and l^e Injurious to Bath county — tm Nuffi- 
bers of Indiana as croAs'd at Fa'ii». Like wine a MnaJI Cotnmaiid at ibe 
mouth of Greenbrier io Gnseubrier County. 

You will please. .%ir. to Exciue me io trr/ubliog you witb tbe abore, atii 
it no ways coocenis me more; than an IndiriduaL 

Sir. I bare tbie bonor to be, 

Your mfM. obi. Uumble Htsrr't, 
44 



346 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. At a Court held for AmherHt County, at the courthouse, the 16th day 

April 16th of April, 1793: 

Amherst Co. Present — William Cabell, Ambi\>se Ruekcr, Samuel Meredith, Nathan 
Crawford, William Cabell. Jr., William Ware, and William Harris, Gen- 
tlemen Justices. 

It is ordered, that Samuel J. ('abell, Thcmias Moore, Joseph Bevvins. 
Daniel White, Joseph Shelton. William Barrett, Nelson Crawford, Reu- 
ben Nowell, John Horseley, Edward Carter, Chesley Kinney, James 
Woods, & William Loving, gentlemen, be recommended to his Excel- 
lency, the Governor, as proper persons to execute the office of Justices 
of the peace for this county. 

Copy — Teste : 

W. L. CRAWFORD, Cl'k. 



April 16th Wm. Da VIES to thb Governor. 

Sir: 
Phila- There can be now no doubt of the completion by the first of July 

delphia of the settlement of accounts between the United & Individual states. 
No additional exhibitions of any kind are received by the General 
Board, except on subjects of doubt or difficulty specially pointed out for 
further Explanation. They have before them all the Executive books 
and a variety of explanatory documents, which will be returned to me 
when the Board have closed their enquiries. As the interests of the 
State will forbid the unnecessary detention of them here, I must beg 
your Excellcncie's instructions about them. Perhaps the usual mild- 
ness of the weather about the firat of July, may induce the Executive 
to hazard the whole of them round by Water. I am sure a very con- 
siderable number of the papers that are here, may be conveyed that way 
without any material injury to the state, should they be lost; and as for 
the books and such papers as are of more importance, they would not 
more than load a light Jersey Waggon. Should it be thought best to 
send them either wholly or partially by water, I might forward those 
of lessor moment by detail, at earlier periods than the first of July, 
as they shall become no longer necessary here; and if it should bo 
deemed unadviseable to risk the public books and remainder of tbo 
papers by water, it will remain with your Excellency to direct whether 
a conveyance shall be purchased or hired, and whether they shall be 
attended by any person to take the special charge of them on the way. 
The determination of the Executive I would be glad to be early informed 
of. The inclosed is transmitted in consequence ot an application from 
the Clerk of the council. 

1 have the honor to be, sir, with very great respect. 

Your Excellency's most obed. Serv't. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 347 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 1793. 



•n examination of tho returns from the Point of Fork, for the April 16th 
3r ending the Slat of March, I find the amount of the Pay-Holl Council 
e Superintendant, Artificers, and Guards to be seventy-nine pounds 
illings and four pence. 

iibmit for your information a letter from the supenntendant, 
jsed to me, stating the reasons for his failure to forward a state- 
of cash received and expended on public account. It is my duty 
erve that this is the first instance of such failure. He also gives 
IS for the employment of an additional Artificer, which appear to 
have their due weight. You will be pleased to decide, and if con- 
proper, the enclosed order to the Auditor awaits your signature. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most obedient servant. 



The Sheriff of Fluvanna to the Governor. April 19th 

1 Sheriff of Fluvanna requests the Executive to remit the Dama- 
1 the inclosed Judgement: 

imonwcalth vs. Tunstall Quarles, sh'ff of Fluvanna, — Rev. 1790. 

4th. To Judgement, - - - - - £32 5 5 

Ded. Insolvents, - - - - 10 6 



32 14 11 



5 p. ct. Int. from 1st Octo., '91 to 9 Nov., *92, 

13i Mo., 1 16 



34 10 11 

To amount of costs, - - - - 3 9 4-4 



38 3-4 



)3. 

17th. By the Treasurer, - £34 10 11 

By cash for costs, - - 3 9 4-4 



38 3-4 



iter's office, 17th March, '93. 



348 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. H. Caperton to the Governor. 

Sir: 
April 20th I Roc'd your Excellencies letter 17th this Instant, to me directCHl: 

Greenbrier shall strictly adhere thereto, with instructions to disband fi-om actual 
service two scouts and twenty privates, which I apprehend you believe 
were stationed in Greenbrier. 

That was the number allotted for Greenbrier last year. The whole of 
nay company the present year, save 5 or 6 p., who lately came up, are 
stationed in Kenhawa. 

I thought it most advisable so to do, as I had information from Ken- 
hawa that a Guard in that place would compleately cover the frontiers 
of Greenbrier. That, I suppose, was a want of being acquainted witb 
the Geography of the Country. I thought then and beleivc uow the 
Frontiers of Greenbrier ware and as much exposed to the Indians. 
Indians & their sign are said to be daily seen on our frontier. 

I beg your Excellency will excuse mo for soliciting yr. Honor onst 
more with a supply of money. Inclosed is a scouts* roll for last year. 
Those men faithfully performed their duty, & are in groat want of their 
pay. My papers shall be forward in a very short time, in order, agree- 
able to true form. Should your Excellency please to send any money, 
the Bearer, Mr. Francis Farley will Receive it. 

I have the honour to be 

Your Excellencies most obedient Scrv't. 



CALEXDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



349 






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350 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



^'^^3. H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. 



Department 



Sir: 
April 24th I have the honor to rocoivo your letter of the 12th Inst., and to 

War submit il to the Preflident of the United States. While it is acknowl- 
edged that the fi'onticr citizens ought to bo effectually protected against 
actual dangers, it is to be observed that it is difficult and perhaps im- 
practicable to guard against all possible danger of straggling Indians. 
The measure therefore adopted on the part of the Executive of directing 
General Wood to the scene of apprehended danger, is highly Judicious 
in order to Judge of the real state of things. 

It had been hoped that the proposed treaty with the Indians north of 
the Ohio, would have restrained entirely their depredations until the 
result should have been know^n, and although this will pi'obabl3'^ be the 
case, as it may respect any invasion by considerable bodies of Indians, 
yet the principles of Government among the savage tribes are too little 
understood, and their manner of living too dispersed to expect that 
every Individual Indian will obey what is understood to have been the 
injunction of their councils forbidding any warriors fi'om acting on our 
frontiers. 

The President of the United States has particularly directed me to 
inform your Excellency that the proposed Treaty will bo held at Lower 
Sandusky, to Commence about the first of June next; That during the 
continuance of the Treaty, it is of the highest importance to the success 
thereof, as well as to the safet}' of the Commissionei's, that all hostile 
incursions of the white Inhabitants into or near to the Indian eountiT, 
north of the Ohio, should be absolutel}' prohibited until after the Treaty 
bo closed. 

The Commanding General of the Troops has been dii*ected to issue a 
proclamation to this effect, and the President requests that you would 
be pleased to t4ike such measures in the premises with your fronlier 
citizens, as shall in your Judgement be most effectual to prevent a meas- 
ure which might be attended with highl}* pernicious consequences. 

I have the honor to be with great Esteem, 

Your Excollencie's Humble Servant. 



April 24th Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Washington In my last, I mentioned an interview that was to take place between 

Watts, the Cherokee (Miicf, and Gov. Blount. It took place as pn>poseil. 
Watts attende<l by four of the old chiefs, and the Governor attended hy 
Secretary Smith and three other GonUemcn from KnoxvtUe. The meet- 



CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 351 



was near the confluence of the llolntein & Tennessee, an<i in the 1793. 
Oils. Watts listened with great attention to the Governor's pro- April 24th 
»als, and the communication from the war office, and give tokens of 
dy acquiescence — onlj' requesting time to consult the chiefs and war- 
i-s of the nation. The Governor consented to allow Twenty days — 
ilts insisted to be allowed forty; which was agreed to. Both parties 
Kirated with many marks of conciliation; ours was deceived, expect- 
; all that the Indian said was real. From what now appeal's, the 
icf was holding out a lure to lull to security. By Information ycster- 
y from the Territory, Watts has passed the Tennessee with 700 war- 
VH of the Cherokee Nation, and that it was uncertain whether he 
►uld direct his march to Mero District, Ken tuck}', or towards llolstein 
d PowelTs valley, or that he would act against all the fi*ontier settle- 
{uts by Detachments trom the main Body. His having scouts lately 
all these parts, even as far East as the hither settlement in Powells 
lley, indicate the latter plan, which it is to be (eared will be the most 
•jtructive. 

The alarm is communicated to all the frontier settlements, and I am 
(brmed that in Powell's Valley is in the utmost consternation, being 
ei-allv without the means of defence. No officers of the militia com- 
issioned so that they may assume command, and what is called the 
luntiers may well be said to be in the air. 

I begin now to fear that our commissioners will be duped at San 
usky, as it seems highly improbable that the Cherokees would singl}^ 
ake such a bold attempt to brave the whole power of the United 
ates, and it is known that a formal embassy came from the North- 
ard Indians to the Cherokees in the winter, and that some of the 
cads of that Tribe accom])anied them on their return. As soon as 
le destination of the Enemy's force are well ascertained, I will write 
• the Governor, and I trust he will receive earlj' communications from 
ic Superintcndant. These are intended to induce the Executive to 
irn their thoughts to the subject of the Southwestern defence, as pre- 
iratory to the neccftsary arrangements that may be made aflcr official 
)mniunications are received. 

I am. Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant. 



Washington, Ap. 25, P. M., 1793. 



ir: 



I am this moment informed that the vout of the Indian Army is 
ther for the Fort at West Point, The Keutuck}' Road, or Powell's val- 
y — they having been seen not 50 miles west of Knoxvillo. 
The Spaniards have captured three American Boats in the Mississippi, 
ol. Isaac Bledsoe was killed in Mero District two weeks ago. 
This is wrote on the road and in haste. 

A. C. 



352 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. John IIolcombe to the Governor and Council — A Petition. 

April 25th Your Petitioner acted »8 Deputy sheriff for the year 1784, under Phill. 
Holcombe; in OctobV, 1784, Leighton Wood, solicitor, moved for a Judge- 
ment against the said Holcombe, for the certificate Taxes of 1783, and 
Received upwards of £300, notwithstanding your Petitioner went to 
the Solicitor's office some few days Before the motion was to bo made, 
and paid into the Treasury by Receipts, Insolvents, and commissions, 
more than the amount of the taxes for that year; and the said solicitor 
informed your Petitioner that nothing more would be done in the Busi- 
ness. Your Petitioner declares that he is salisfiefi that he does not ow^e 
the Public one shilling for the certificate taxes of that year, and if your 
Excellency & Hon'ble Council will examine the accounts that you will 
find it to bo the case. Some time in the year 1786, your Petitioner was 
acting as Deputy Sheriff under Thomas Flournoy; he received the Exe- 
cution against Phill. Holcombe for the Certificate Taxes, and knowing 
there was nothing due to the public, and being advised the shortest way 
to get Justice done, was to return the Execution ready to Satisfy. Your 
petitioner did so, and informed Thomas Flournoy what he had done, 
and to be sure to be particular that when they give him notice for the 
obtaining a Judgement on the Return for the certificates, that the solici- 
tor had unjustly obtained, as your Petitioner would then have come for- 
ward before the General court and made his defence. Thomas Flour- 
noy avers to your Petitioner, that he never received any such notice, to 
his knowledge, and did not know that there was such a Judg*t recovered 
against him in the GenM Court. Your Petitioner conceives that he has 
been treated very unjustly. Your Petitioner never Received the list of 
Taxable propert}* to enable him to collect of the people, untill the month 
of June, in the year 1784, and your Petitioner thinks the solicitor has 
charged him Interest from April, 1784. Your Petitioner went to the 
Auditor's office last fall, and applied to John Pendleton, Esq., to exam* 
ine the acc'ts for that year, and Mr. Pendleton found a mistake of nearly 
Two hundred pounds, and the Execution is now out against Thos. Flour- 
noy, and his property is to be sold next Tucbday for upwards of £100, 
that they say he owes to the public. Your Petitioner prays that your 
Excellency & the Hon'ble council will remit the damages, as your Peti- 
tioner conceives that the debt was discharged before any Judgement 
was obtained. Your Petitioner only prays for Justice which he has no 
Doubt but what he shall receive. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. ;133 



Jambs Babboce to iiux. Uardin Bi'EZCley, Kichmoniv XI^Kl 

•ir: 

A Commission of the Peaoo have been soiit u|> for the oiMuitv of A|*ril atiUi 
Iu<li8on for seven meml>ors — only one of whieh will be the Sheriff; five Mmliiwii IXk 
f the other six resides on the south side of the eountv: A husim^M of 
naportance to come before us, which the whole county is inteivsteii ii« — 
he planing the Courthouse, & what kind of building shall bo on>ctoii« 
hat some of the Gents commission feel an unwillingness to engage in, 
8 they arc informed the Inhabitants in the north part ol the county 
re dissatisfied, and say they are not Hepresenteii. We wish a Court to 
e composed of Gentlemen Selected from the Difoix)nt parts of the 
ounty, that thereby the county will be well accomodated with MaglH- 
rateS; a more general satisfaction given to the piH)plo, & a moi*e impar^ 
ial choice made of the officers of the court & County. We find Mr. 
Villiam Madison left out of the commission, wiio stands in a commis- 
ion sent up before the one that Keuben Fry & Merry Walker is in. 
mother Magistrate Rongly placed Robert Alcock; which Errors, agree* 
ble to the mode of sending out Commissions, cannot be correcte<l after 
he one sent us is carried into eflect. May, sir, be so obliging as inform 
lie if the Executive will make any alterations. 1 had a list of GentH 
ent me the other day by Capt. Alcock, which I approve of, & as you 
re acquainted with them, I will inclose it for your Inspection & appro- 
bation, but I do not beleive all the court wishes an alteration untill 
iter the officers of the court & county are chosen. 

Your answer by the first oppertunity will oblige, 

D'r Sir, 

Your most Obed't, Hum. Serv't. 

James Barbour, William Walker, Robert Alcock, Ilenry Hill, Wm. 
/hapman, Wm. Madison, lieuben Fry, Merry Walker. Ambrose Harbour, 
ieuben Bcalc, Hobcrt Beale, Ambrose Medley, Adam BankH, John II in- 
hall, & John .Smith. 

Ambrose Barlx>ur is placed after those now in comniiMsion, bocaum) ho 
las not acte<i as a Magistrate for several years; but his tt<!ting oh a 
riagistrate for many years, k his knowledge in that busincHS ought Uf 
»lace him l>eforc Fry & Walker, '.vho are but now ma<ie Justices, Therii 
i not more than three that will make any tolerable figure an prcHidirig 
Qembei*s. & one of them is the sherifi'. 



45 



354 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Wm. Tatham to the Govebnob. 

Dear Sir: 

April 28th I returned here from Knoxville last evening, and wish to avail 

Ci^. Craig's myself of to-morrow's Post to write you. Since my last to you, I wrote 

'^^^don *°^" to Col. Steele, and in his letter mentioned (for your information) such 
Sunday matters as I thought necessary towards the views of Government. I 
beleive I mentioned the Chickasaw being with Grovernor Blount, and 
something of their proposals. I will renew that subject, for it is one 
that cannot be too much dwelt on, seeing that they offer everything 
we could wish, and every advantage they have power to give to the 
arms of the United States over their circumjacent Enemies. Least my 
last should have miscarried, I will recapitulate their folks which were 
received by the throe warriors now at Knoxville, (or at least I left them 
there) and by them delivered to Governor Blount. They wish to take 
hold of the same war Club which they hold to the end, that the stroke 
on our Joint enemies (the Creeks) may be double and severely felt. 

They request us to settle a strong Garrison at the muscle shoals, in 
their own country, so that their people & men may war together, and 
have a safe place of retreat. They ask two pieces of Artillery, and 
men to direct them in the use of them against the common foe, with a 
great number of Blunderbusses. They prefer a state of poverty and 
honesty to the Riches which their neighbors acquire by means of plun- 
dering & murder, and therefore ask us to assist them with such neces- 
saries as we can spare, inviting us (as I apprehend) without the idea of 
pecuniary consideration, to settle their lands on the north side of Ten- 
nessee, & become their neighbors. I will observe on this invitation that 
1 am of opinion from the best information, {& that not lightly obtained) 
that the United States had never so great an offer made them. From 
the point of position waich they will give peaceably into our hands, 
commands a portage of sixteen miles only, (& I beleive less) between 
the Tennessee and the navigable watei*s of Mobile, as well as an immense 
extent of country, which must shortly become the Bone of Spanish 
contention, and facilitates the Routes to many angles on the Mississippi. 
It is Nature's master-piece for an immense and powerful city. It inter- 
cepts the main communication between the Hostile Tribes of North and 
South. It secures the Chickasaw and Choctaw Nations as effective 
Light Infantry in our service. It places our troops where they can be 
supplied with every necessar}', even of native production with ease from 
the respective western settlements, and puts us in a condition to convey 
heavy artillery (of our own casting hero), as well as armies and military 
supplies, with a degree of facility unsuspected by the Spaniards, whenever 
the threatening Harm shall burst on this (unavoidably) devoted country, 
this field of contest for the solo exclusive right of navigating the Missis- 
sippi. I have nearly completed a new map of all this countiy, as well 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 366 



as that of the Kentucky, & part of the N. Western Territory, (the 1793. 

whole far exceeding my own expectation) and shall go on in a few days to April 28th 

lay it before the President, either with or without Governour Blount, 

when I hope to have the pleasure of explaining them things to you in 

person in a better manner than a severe headache & Giddiness leaves 

me capacity for at present. In collecting the materials for this work, I 

have stumbled on the traces of Ferdinand de Soto, and have satisfied 

ray mind (beyond doubt) of his whole rout; but am clearly of opinion 

that neither the works on Elk or Muskingum were his, aided by well 

grounded comparison that other campaigns or Towers of discovery were 

made by the servants of Spam, but of which we have no tmce, (in great 

probability thro' the total destruction of such parties and their papers) 

for we find that de Soto's party themselves were fairly routed by the 

Chickasaws, & were glad to make off from that justly outraged nation 

with the remnants of the general massacre, and hence (apropos) it is 

said arises the antipathy of those Honest Indians against that people 

whose avarice seems to have destined the fate of Montezuma for all men. 

Whether, however, this fact may be well or ill founded in our History, 
& their oral traditions American policy seems to whisper, "At least favor 
their Creed." You will wish to know the present disposition & position 
%^our enemies, as well as our friends in this quarter. 

I give it to you from good authority that six hundred and seventeen 
Creeks all on one day, & one hundred in their rear, did and were to 
cross Tennessee at the Creek crossing below Cumberland mountain on 
that & the succeeding day, said to be intended against the Cumberland 
settlements, the Kentucky settlements, these frontiers, and the two 
Paths of Cumberland & Ken tuck ie. We are not yet informed where 
these have struck, but if they are not gone to Join the party of North- 
wards, which have crossed on Rafts seen on the Eastern shore of the 
Ohio between the Kanhawa and Sandy Rivers, with a view to Join the 
General Army against General Wayne. It will most likely turn out 
that they have made sad havock somewhere during the light of the 
present moon. I have no later information from Cumberland than the 
killing of Col. Isaac Bledsoe, which happened last Monday week, & 
must have been before this party could have arrived on Cumberland, I 
suppose. 

The last man from Kentuckie came up with me yesterday; he left 
Pittsburg on the fifteenth of last month, and the Kentuckie country on 
Monday last, with a party of four Woodsmen only. There followed a 
party of Indians who were close in the rear of the last party who left 
Kentuckie on the 20th inst., but he thinks they only wanted the horses 
without a Battle. He corroborates the account of the Rafts on this 
side Ohio, and gives the particulars of the hard fought affair lately near 
Laurel River, from the little girl's account who had been a prisoner and 
escaped during the action. He says they wei*e 30 against 8 of our mtn. 



366 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. besideft women and ebildren, who were all killed except MeFarlan and 
April 28th those others that were wounded. 

The Indians, from the little girl's account, were Chcrokccs, encampcii 
about a quarter of a mile from the Road ; had two squaws, one of whom 
had adopted the child, and that three ot the party were white men, but 
whether these Rascalls were tools to the British or anv other nation 
does not appear. Six fellows that were left at the camp wei-u called 
for as re-inforccment during the skirmish, which lasted a long time. 

At this time thev learnt the death of one of the white men, who was 
more lamented than all the Indians bj the squaws, and during the agony 
of their Grief, the little Girl escaped, so much for this recital. 

At Knoxville, you are allready advised that Gov. Blount held a Talk 
with Watt^j k was to receive answer in Twenty-one Days whether the 
lower Towns would send warriors to Philadelphia agreeable to the Presi- 
dent's request. 

Since this and before I left Knoxville, an unfortunate affair happened 
by accident, which I fear may change their Tone, but I hope not. so as 
to prevent their going to Philadelphia, which will be at least a tem]>o- 
rary releif from Cherokee mischief. 

The eircumstance was thus: 

^The Hanging maw sent to Governor Blount to request he would 
send a party of Light Horse to drive the Creeks from his neighborhood, 
as they had burnt a house h would probably do much miscbeif if not 
prevented." 

The Governor sent a party of Rangers there, and informed the maw 
of it, requesting he would not suffer his people to come in their way, 
but, if they had business, to conform themselves to the Road, with bis 
pass & without arms. 

Thro' some mistake the Hanging maw*s brother (the Bark) k another 
went to hunt Turkeys^ fell in with the party, and were both wounded. 
but escaped. Another fellow. caUe<i Noonday, was also Kille<i the same 
night by mistake — supposing him to be a Creek on a stolen horse k 
Plunder, instead of a Bag of meal which be had brought from one ^f 
our mills, h was on his way home. He is not however much lamented, 
as he is said by lx>th parties to have been amongst the most misohievoas. 
On this Occasion WattH. tho' a near Relative, behave*! with great pru- 
dence. He sent a picked party, under positive orders to do no man in- 
jury, to enquire into the mistake, and then wrute Governor Blount on 
the subject* 

The Governor stateti the matter as it wa?^ and offereti to make reason- 
able satisfaction for the acoidenL If Gootis would be taken by the Rela- 
tivess of the deceasexl. The Express had started with this answer when 
I leA Knoxville. it I am not vet further informed with regarxi to news 
on the peaceable side <^i public affhirv The Governor by circular letter 
to the respective militia captains, has put tbequestioD: ''Assembly or 
no Assembly*'; ^ has r^uired the yeas and nay^of the people^ I think 



CALBNDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 357 



it needs not prophecy to foretell that it is a very improper medium to 1793. 
expect an affirmative, tho' for as militia officers are created by, Com- April 28th 
manded by, amenable to. and dependent on Governors, and as Govern- 
ors (like other folks) are not Bomb-proof against the charms of power, 
we may lasily draw the conclusion In the farce of the Government 
makers. I forgot to add on the military store, that tho man from Pitts- 
burg, by way of Kentuckie, tells me that Gon'l Wayne, with Eight 
thousand regulars in good health and condition, is now at the mouth of 
the Miamies in daily expectation of receiving Seven thousand Kentuck- 
ians in addition. 

If it is true that a Treaty is on foot with the Northwards, which is to 
effect a peace with them, These Troops are well situated to effect a 
Junction with the Chickasaws, & I am persuaded if my settlement plan 
for colonizing in the rear of every conquest or acquisition cou*d be 
Joined to General Wayne's advances thro* this to the Creek country, 
that there never wou'd be another scalp taken by them on these fron- 
tiers, or another Body of southern Indians in the Field of action on this 
side the Mississippi. But I have the misfortune to lament on this as on 
former occasions, that I have neither power, authority or Funds to sup- 
port my inclination for public service. 

I scrawl this in great haste. If anything new occurs before the 
Abingdon mail closes, I will advise you of it in my next, which will be 
a letter of private import. 

I have the honor to be. 

Your Excetlencie's obedient, H. Servant. 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. April 29th 

Sir: 

Our situation is rather alarming — not a Gun mounted, and no mili- Norfolk 
tia torm'd ; that a very small arm'd force would be able to lay us under 
contribution. There lies on my land, which 1 removed there by order 
of the Executive some time ago, about twenty cannon — mostly six- 
poun<lerH belonging to the state; and Seventeen, Eighteen, & 24-pound- 
ers belonging to the United States, which I was directed also to take 
care of. Some of the Guns are spiked, but could soon be put in order. 
It was intended to have built a house to put the guns under cover, but 
as they were fired fi-equently, I saved that expence, & have the money 
now lying b}' me for the sales of some broken cannon, which wou'd 
answer to put a few of the Guns in order, if your Exc'y & councill will 
please to direct it. An arm*d vessel, in the situation they ai*o now in, 
couM take them from us. We have no shot fitting for them, if it shou*d 
be deemed proper to fit them up. 



368 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Your Exc'y will be so good as to send us some of six, twelve, & Eigh- 

April 29th teen pounds weight; powder can be got here as cheap as anywhere. I 

shou'd also be glad to have it in my power to put the muskets I have 

into good housekeeper's hands — taking their notes for a safe return or 

pay the value of them. 

Mr. Heron will inform you of some very interesting news from 
Charleston. We are much at a loss how to act here, & shall be obli/^ed 
for your opinion. It appears by the Treaties with Holland & France. 
that both have power to arm vessels in our Ports, & to sell prizes, i 
shall be bappy to hear from you as soon as possible, as vessels arm'd will 
be daily coming in. If your Exc'y will please to send commissions for 
the artillery company & Light Infantry, they wou*d be immedialclj 
raised; with directions what kind of caps they are to wear. I thought 
it my duty to give this information; if I have erred, you'll I hope 
excuse — 

Y'r Ob't Serv't. 



May Ist (Circular.) 

Sam. a. Otis to the Goveenor. 

Sir: 
Senate, In obedience to the order of Congress, I do myself the honor to 

Secretary*8 transmit your Excellency a copy of the Journals ol Senate of the Uni- 
ted States, at the second session of the second Congress. 

I shall thank you for a line acknowledging the receipt of the copy. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellencie's Most Obedient and Humble Servant. 



]^y igt John Steele to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Staunton I regret that 1 have been unfortunate as well as tardy on my Jour- 

ney. After resting my horses & being almost ready to set out, was on 
the 20th ulto. taken with a severe fever, which continued a few days and 
exhausted me very much. I am now so far restored as to think of pro- 
ceeding to-morrow. 

I have inclosed a letter addressed to you by Col. Campbell; also one 
to myself From his account, Indian affairs seem to wear a very unfa- 
vorable aspect. Every Occurrence worth your notice in the course ot 
my Journey, I shall communicate as early as possible. 

With Every sentiment of Respect and Esteem, 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most Obedient, humble Servant. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



359 



TO THE Governor. 



1793. 



Sir: 

Incloeed you will receive Mr. Maund*s reBignation of his appoint- 
ment as Publiek Notary for the counties of Westmoreland, Richmond, 
Lancaster, & Northumberland. Should your Excellency suppose me a 
proper person for that office, you will very much oblige me by the ap- 
|>ointment. 

1 have the Honor to be, 

Y'r Excellencie's Most Ob't Serv't. 

Sir: 

1 beg leave to resign my commission as Publiek Notary for the 
counties of Westmoreland, Richmond, Northumberland and Lancaster, 
and to subscribe myself with very great Respect and Esteem, 

Your Excellency's most ob*t, H'ble Serv't, 



JNO. J AS. MAUND. 



Northumberland, SixJ April, 1793. 



May Ist 



Jno. Pendleton to the Governor. 

Sir : 

I request an order for £15 to be advanced to the riders going out 
with notices against delinquent clerks & others. 

I am, 

Y*r Ex*y'8 most Ob't Serv't. 



May Ist 



Auditor's 
office 



John Steele to the Governor. 



May 3d 



Sir: 

Bad weather and want of Good health has still detained me, and Staunton 
lant night I received j'our dispatches by Mr. Droddy. 

I have written Colo. Vance to take measures for the present in ease 
of nectessity, and that I will return thro* Bath, and take such further 
steps as may be deemed necessary for the safety of the people. 

No effort shall be wanting on my part to execute in the best manner 
the business entrusted to me, and of making the earliest communication 
to you of my transactions. 

With every sentiment ol respect and esteem, 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant. 



360 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. A. Lkwis to thb Govb&nor. 

Sir: 
May 5th ^n rei-iving yonr instractions by express, I came in to harrj- the 

Mont- Troops into servic-e. The offic-ers not heinij^ onieretl out in April, ex 
f^^^°^^^ {>ected not to be eaile«l u|»on ; had m;t s^>me of their men at Liberty, 
which I am afraid will make it a little difficult to complete the company^ 
in a very ^hort time, Capt. Hawkins is absent. A fee days before the 
Express came up, he had set out lor the mouth of the Kenhuwa ; nor 
do I know when he will return. I have given the necessary onlers to 
his subalterns. How his quota is to be got I know not, and am at a lotiis 
to know until! I receive vour Excellenev's orders who has a rit^ht in 
case he does not return to take his iH>mmand. I expect bis subalterns 
may raise their Quotas, k not more: in that case, the sooner an officer 
is appointed the better. In your letter Dated 27th March, 30U wished 
to know whether I ordered Capt. Hawkins to take the command ot my 
company tor the winter season, or not. When I went out & had the 
company arranged, Capt, Hawkins * * . * 

I had expected my subalterns would be sufficient until I returned, & 
that it would save to the public some expenee, and did not order a Capt. 
out. Nothing of consequence has happened for some days before I left. 
That I am— 

Your Excellcncv's most ob't ServX 



^layeth John Cropper's, Jr., Commission as Lirutrxant-Colonkl 2d Reoi- 

MRJCT MiLrriA. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To John Cropper, Jun'r, Gentleman : 

Know you. That from the Special Trust and confidence reposed in 
your Fidelity, courage, activity, and good conduct, and uj>on the recom- 
mendation of the Court of the county of Accomack, our Governor, pur- 
suant to the Act ''For regulating the Militia of this Commonwealth/* 
doth appoint yon, the said John Cropper, Jun'r, Lieutenant^Colonel 
Commandant of the Second Reirinient of the said militia, to take rank 
as such agreeably to the Number hereof. 

In Testimony whereof. These, our LetterK, are scaled with the seal of 
the Commonwealth, and made Patent. 

Witness, Henrj' Lee, Esquire, our said Governor, at Richmond this 
sixth day of May, 1T93. 

(Registered) : 

SAM. colbma:?^. 

[Seal.] HENRY LEE. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 361 



Wm. Davies to the Governor. 1793. 



After trying in vain to di8|)O80 of a draft hero for the amount of my May 6th 
•uut for the last quarter, I draw in favor of Col. Gamble, of Rich- J*^*l*" 
d, in hopes he vsrould have been able to have obtained the means of 
itting to me from thence, which, however, he has hot hitherto been 

to do, tho' in daily expectation of procuring a Bill. Under these 
Limstances, I was applied to b}'^ Gen. Irvine for a Bill in your favour 
3no hundred & .fifty-one dollars & 2-100, for which ho gave me the 
ey. And I delivered him a note addressed to your Excellency, re- 
ing the Amount might be paid you on my account from the Treas- 

chargeable to me for contingencies of office. I would have drawn 
vol. Gamble, but was fearful he might have remitted before my draft 
Id get to your hands. I would not have taken this liberty, had I 

tor upwards of a fortnight have been entirely out of cash, but as I 
d borrow, and the expences of removal, &c., of the public books and 
3r8, soon making it necessary to apply for an advance of money, 
lid this transaction not be agreeable to you, I will remit you the 
ley upon your signifying your wish to me. 

wrote to your Excellency, requesting to know in what mode you 
Id eh use the publick books & papers to go back, as it would tend 
ivc expence. Should I be earl3^ informed of your choice, I take occa- 

to remind you of my former application on this subject. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, with most re8i)ectfull esteem, 

Your Excellency's very Ob't Serv't. 

Philad»a, May 8, 1793. 

Please to order a warrant on the Treasurer, to issue in j'our favor 
One hundred & filly-one & 2-100 dollars, having received that sum 
[1 you in this i)lace thro* the hands of General Irvine, to be charged 
le on account for defraying the contingent expences of my office. 

I am, sir, 

Your Excellency's Obed. 8erv*t, 

WM. DAVIES. 

[is Excellency, Gov. Lee, of Virginia. 

d May 14, 179:^ 



46 



362 CALENDAK OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Charles Marshall, Prosecutor for the County of Fauquier, Cer- 
tificate AS TO John Bullitt. 

May 7th I do hereby certify that George Khoades hath this day made applica- 
Fauauier tion to the Jailor of this county for the body of John Bullitt, who was 
committed on suspicion of being a Deserter, and who had in the month 
of November, 1791, escaped from the District Jail of Staunton, where 
he was confined for Horse-Stealing, and that the said John Bullitt had 
before the application made by the said Hhoades, Escaped from the Jail 
of our said county. 



May 7th g^^. Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Council The blank numbers at the head of the blank militia commissions wca> 

ouQce 

introduced for the purpose of ascertaining the relative rank of the com- 
mandants of regiments and Battalions where their commissions might 
bear date the same day, and with the expectation that the same princi- 
ple would prevail in establishing the rank of Captains and Subalterns, 
^vho8e regimental rank had been ascertained by the recommendation or 
otherwise. I was warranted in having them printed in that manner by 
the enclosed note in a handwriting well known to the Board. 

My own idea of the establishment of rank in pui-suancc of this mode 
is that a prior number corresponding with prior date, or a prior number 
of two commissions of the same date should have superior rank, the 
priority of number in case of equal pretension fi'om date to be 
ascertained by lot. This was intended as a regulation of the Boani. 
the effect of an impartial plan to ascertain the relative rank of every 
officer in the state. It docs not become mo to say what that plan should 
be. I beg permission, however, to suggest that generally as it respects 
the commandants of Regiments and Battalions, and even of companies, 
the Register of militia commissions in this office would be a good guide 
to a proper decision. Tliis would however be a work of time. No 
ver}' great injustice or inconvenience would arise from the subaltern 
officers ranking agreeably to the number and date of their commissions. 
To be better understood, it was exj)ected that the commissions of the 
Commandants of Regiments should be numbered from 1 to 81 in due 
progression; the Commandants of Battalions from 1 to 162; and the 
Commandants of Companies, the Lieutenants and Ensigns, fi-om 1 to 
the whole nuniber necessary to the complete officering of tho 81 Regi- 
ments, the artillery and cavalry included. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most obedient Servant 



CALBNDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 363 



Suppose the coramitMions to eomrnandantH of Regiments, Battalions, 1793. 
and Companies issue in the fii*Kt place with blank numbers, to be filled May 7th 
when their relative rank can be ascertained, and the commissions of 
subaltern officers issue numbered agreeably to the number of their 
Regiment, what inconvenience would result? 



A. Lewis to the Governor. May 8th 

Sir: 

Two days past I wi-ote you, but by an uncertain opportunity. 1 Mont- 
came in to endeavor to hurry the tnK)j)s out, but find them difficult to K^'uery 
get. By thuir not being ordered into service when it was expected, the 
officers have let a number of them at liberty. Never was men moi-e 
wanted. Since T wrote you, the Indians have stolen some horses & 
killed Cattle on Bluestonc. I find I cannot without keeping the Tribes 
too long unguarded, wait for the companies being completed before 
mustered. & shall order them to march in small Detachments, and mus- 
tered in that manner. Another difficulty is in the way. Capt. Haw- 
kins, a few days before the express came up, had sett oft* for the mouth 
of the Ranhawa; nor does any person know the men he has enlisted, & 
am at a Iohh how to proceed, or how get his Quota. Perhaps, if I was 
to give the command to his Lieut., and appoint an Knsign, might give 
umbi*age, but believe me, I must <Io so, or let the service suffer. I have 
(liven the necessary ordei^s to his subalterns. Your Excellency will 
please to give me inntructions by the first opportunity. 

1 am your Kxcellenc3''s mo..obed. serv*t. 



Anqelia Barnett to the Executive. May 9th 

His Excellency Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor, and the Honourable the 
Executive of Virginia: 

The humble petition of Angelia Barnett Sheweth that your Richmond 
unhappy petioner now under sentence of Death, is with child by a cer- Jail 
tain Jacob Valentine, who was a debtor arrested by the sheriff of Hen- 
rico, by virtue of an execution, and committed to the Jail of this city 
about the first of November last, 1792. That your petitioner about 
that time was over persuaded, & yielded to the desires of the said Val- 
entine in repeated acts ot coition for the term of three weeks, when the 
said Valentine was discharged by payment of the debt; and again some 
time in the month of February last, 1793, he was committed to Jail as 



364 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. aforesaid, and from the connections your petitioner have had with him, 
May 9th she is fully confident of now bearing a live child, and therefore humbly 
& penitentially implores your generous mercy & Pardon, the more 
especiallj' for the preservation of the (xuiltless infant your unhappy 
petitioner now carries, which she humbly prays maj' not bo murdered 
by her execution, but at least to grant her a respite until the child is 
born, and confiding in the mercy of your Excellencies, she continues to 
pray. 



May 10th Bailey & Stone, Inspectors op Tobacco at Colchester Warehouse, 

Petition to the Governor and the Honorable Members of the 
Privy Council. 

The petition of Bayley and Stone, Inspectors of Tobacco at Colches- 
ter Warehouse, Humbly Sheweth, That some time in the month of Oc- 
tober, 1792, your petitioners received notice from the auditor of public 
accounts that at the General Court then next ensuing, a motion would 
be made against them on behalf of the Commonwealth for the penalty of 
Five hundred pounds, which it was supposed they had incurred in con- 
sequence of their failing to account for and pay into the Treasury the 
duties on Tobacco collected b^^ them between the 1st day of October, 
1790, and the Ist day of October, 1791 ; That your petitioners shortly 
afterwards, and before the motion was made, paid into the Treasury the 
sum of £53 11, the balance which the}' supposed to be due frora them 
on account of the said Duties, and supposed that the auditor would re- 
linquish the motion for the penalty; but your petitioners, to their very 
great surprize, have since found that Judgement was actually ordered 
against them for the sum of five hundred pounds, and the Execution 
issued thereon with an Indorsement that no security is to be taken, is 
now in the hands of the sheriff; That since the Judgement was obtained, 
your petitioners have paid into the Treasury the sum of £28, which 
they had paid out of the said duties for a Beam scales and weights, but 
which the auditor refused to allow in their account, although it was 
sworn to before a magistrate of the county, because these articles had 
been procured without an order of Court; That your Petitioners have 
thus paid into the Treasury more than was due from them. Your peti- 
tioners readily admit that they did not settle the account for the said 
Duties on the Day prescribed by law, but they beg leave to observe that 
whilst the duties on Tobacco were high, and the sui'plus in their hands 
considerable, they regularly settled their accounts annually; That their 
not doing it in the present instance, did not proceed frora a design to 
make use of the publick money, but from an Idea that as the reduction 
of the duties had lefl only a small surplus in their hands, it would not 
be necessary to settle their accounts so oflon, and they would thereby 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 366 



avoid a part of tho trouble and expense of attending in Richmond for 1793. 
that purpose, and that your petitioners under this idea did actually pay May 10th 
the duties of 1790 and 1791, at the same time, as will appear from the 
auditor*s books, and they supposed that no objection would be made to 
their acting in the same manner in future. 

Your petitioners humbly conceive that if they have not complied 
with the letter of the law, 3'et as it must be evident from their conduct 
that they have endeavoured faithfully to discharge their duty, that it would 
be unjust to subject them to the payment of so great a penalty; That 
your petitioners humbly conceive that the punishment is greatly dispro- 
portioned to the offence, and expressly repugnant to that Article of our 
Bill of Rights, which declares "that excessive fines shall not be imposed." 

Your petitioners having paid the Costs of the motion against them, 
humbly pray that the fine may be remitted; and as in duty bound, &c. 

The facts set forth in this Pet'n are truly stated. 

J. PENDLETON. 
Au<rr's office, 10th May, 1793. 

Dr. Baile)^ & Stone, Inspectors at Colchester, 

In ac. with the Comm'th, Cr. : 

1792. 
Nov. 26. To 6s. Duty on Tobo. exported from Octo., 

'90, to Octo., '91, . . . - £81 11 



£81 11 



1792. 
Nov. 16. By the Treasurer, - - - - - 53 11 

1793. 
May 9. By the Treasurer, - - - - - 28 



£81 11 



J. PENDLETON, Aud'r. 
May 10th, 1793. 



James Wood to the Governor. ^^^y iQ^y^ 

Sir: 

On Monday last, a party of Indians made an incursion into this Clarksbuiy 
ncighborho,>d. They passed through a settlement generally supposed Harrison Co. 
to be the most exposed, without any mischief, and afterwards made an 



366 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 

1793. attack upon one Waggoner, who was ploughing in bin fiehl ; they 

May 10th fired on him, hut he esc*uj)ed, and endeavored to get to the house, whiib 
he tound Hurrounded hy the Enemy. A party of voluntiei>j were soon 
collected, who found Waggoner's wife & three of the eldest chihlrcu 
killed and scalped, the other throe taken prisoners. The party endeav- 
ored to follow their trail, hut without effect, as they took no hoi*ses, and 
appeared to be remarkably cautious. I am inclined to think they are 
still concealed in the mountains; will make another stroke, and provide 
themselves with hoi^ses before they take their final departure, as they 
took from Waggoner's, Pewter and man}'^ other heav}' artieles. I have 
Just received certain accounts that different parties of Indians have 
been discovered on the Ohio. They took horses at one place but being 
closely pursued they killed the horses, and escaped. From the reports 
of the scouts, 1 am in constant expectation that a severe stroke will be 
made somewhere on the frontier; where it will fall is uncertain, as the 
last attack was made where least expected, and where the unfortunati* 
people thought themselves in perfect safety. I have been along the 
frontier of this county and Randolph, have mustered the voluntior 
militia, and dcterminc<l to see every man in service, and to visit every 
exposed settlement in the District before I return, which I expect will 
bo b}' the 10th of June at farthest. The people in this county are 
greatly alarmed, and numbers of them seem determined to abandon the 
settlements. 1 have seen a very reputable young man, an Inhabitant of 
this county, who lefl Kentucky about 16 days ago; he informs that one 
of the frontier stations In that state was lately taken by the Indians; 
that 19 wci-c Killed & one wounded, who escaped. My informant was 
at the Burial of the dead. Ho further informs that a considerable num- 
ber of persons have boon Killed and taken in the Wilderness. General 
Wayne, with the army under his Command, have gone down the River; 
it is supposed they are to take post at Fort Washington. 

I have the honor to be with groat respect, air, 

Y'r most Ob't Serv't. 

P. S. — Be 80 good as to send Pate, w'th the Enclosed letter. 



May 10th H. Knox, Secretary op War, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
War The President of the United States has directed me to acknowledge 

Department ^y^^ receipt of 3'our Excellency's letter of the 2d instant, relatively to 
the erecting some defence for the Town of Norfolk. 

While he acknowledges the propriety of your observations, which 
apply to all the important towns of the ext'Cndod Soa coast of the Uni- 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 367 



ted States, ho finds himself restrained at present from directing any 1793. 
measures which must lead to considerable expences, for which there is May 10th 
neither authority nor appropriation by the Legislature of the United 
States. 

I have the honor to be with great P^stecm, 

Your Excellency's most obedient Servant. 



Thos. Nbwton, Jr., to the Governor. May llth 

Sir : 

Your Exc'y's favor of the 8th, with the Commissions for the militia Norfolk 
officers, I received & return you my sincere thanks for your attention to 
this place. I now inclose a list of the cannon that I had the care of, 
and will proceed to drill those that are spiked, & put the whole in order 
for mounting. I have requested Mr. Rob*t Andrews to furnish a chart 
of our river, as he drew an accurate one by order of the Governor & 
council duriniT the last war. I think there is one in the Council office 
now. If two field pieces could bo spared, they would be of great Ser- 
vice, :i8 they could be carried from point to point where they might be 
wanting; two would be of great service in Princess Anne, also to be 
kept near the Cape. A sloop from Barbadoes was drove on shore a few 
days ago, & had three men drowned. She was bound to Alexandria. 
The most proper places in our river for defence, are Old Point ComfoH 
& Point Nelson — the place whore the old Point stood, nearly opposite to 
us. & half a mile out of Portsmouth. If the ten-pounders were mounted 
at the first place & the twelves at the last, I think they would answer 
every purpose. & I could wish to have the nine-poundei'S & the four 
sixs mounted & kept in the Town ready lor any occasion, & they cou*d 
be removed, if necessary, to any point on the River. Such carriages as 
can be spared & as many as you may think proper to send, will bo very 
acceptable, as we have none. As to the quantity of powder & shot your 
Kx*cy will please to Judge of; what is not used will be safely kept. I 
have given the caliber of the Guns for the size of the shot. I have pur- 
<hased near ten thousand flints, in expectation that they might bo 
wanting; should it be the case they shall be forwai*ded to your orders. 
I shall be glad of instructions from time to time, in what manner I am 
to conduct myself in case of fitting armed vessels and raising men here. 
I think a Brig or Schooner of Ten Guns would be of Great service, & 
keep small privatiers k pirates at their distance. As to the Frigates & 
ships of war, there is no danger of their infringing the laws of Nations 
& capturing Prizes in our Territories. A vessel of this kind with a few 
additional hands, exchanged for the present cutter, wou*d incur but a 



368 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. small expense, as the four- pounders wou'd be very suitable for the pur- 
May lltli pose. 1 shall be happy to render any service in my power, which may 
be thought proper to instrust me with. 

& I am, 

Y'r Ex'cy's Ob't Serv^t. 

List of cannon at Norfolk & on Nelson's Point: 

These belong to Virginia: 15 four- pounders; 

4 six- Do., 4-inch caliber; - 
1 nine- Do., 4i do., do. 

Some carronades of 12 or nine-pound shot on board the cutter. 

XJ. S. — 13 Cannon of 18 Lb. shot, 5 J caliber; 
4 do. " 12- Do., 5i do. 

One Gun of the same kind as the above, lies in Mr. Scott's mill-dam 
in Nansemond. It could be got up easily. 
The above belong the United States. 



May nth E. Lanqham to Capt. Sam'l Coleman, Council Chamber. 

D'r Sir: 
Point of Inclosed is the am't of cash received agreeable to your letter on 

that subject. I have below the acc*t stated the reasons which caused 
the return not being fully made, which reasons I hope will be satisfac- 
tory. It has always been a rule since I lived at the Post to close the 
cash account once in every year, & that on the 1st of January. But if 
the Hon'ble the Executive wish it, I will close it next quarter, & con- 
tinue to do so every quarter hereafter. If the Board have any doubts 
respecting the pi-opriety of the enclosed return or the reasons offered 
below the acc't, please point out to them the truth of the reasons 
there given, by showing them that to acc^t for expenditures, the hire- 
ling's names, wages, &c. ought to be entered in the returns, & that all 
things purchased for the use of the shops, &c., ought to be entered in 
the Guard master's return, &c., &c.; & those returns being made, cannot 
DOW receive the entries. 

I have the honor to be with respect, 

Your most ob't scrv't. 



CALENDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 309 



Quarterly account of cash n;c*d, expended. & remaining on hand at 17^ 
the Point of Fork from the Isl of Jan y till 3l8t of April. 17^ inclu- M«y 11th 
81 ve, by E. Langham. Snpt.: 



Of whom received. For what. £. 8. d. 



1 
TuiJ8tal Quarles & Thos DawtKin, Sundries sold them 

Public properly, , 211. 14. 3, 

Ap'l 30th, Remaining on hand^ .... 20. 14. 3, 

ELIAS LANGHAM. 

ObHcrve. — There w cash expended to be returned next quarter; the rea- 
son I do not return it at this time is because I have never returnctl hire- 
ling's wages, &c. quarterl3% & of course did not do so in the hunt returns. 
The tii-st inducement for returning the hirelings* every six months only, 
was that of making slow collections for publiek prt)perty sold, the pro- 
ceeds of which was intended to defray the contingent charges, &c., 
which reason still operates. Having made the returns up to the first of 
April, (except thai of the cash account) it is now out of my power to 
render an account oi the expenditures, because every other return must 
have a pro|>ortiou oi entries, so as to shew everything plain and satis- 
factory. 

I have the honor to bo, sir, Ac, 

E. LANGHAM. 



No. 6. May 1 1 th 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Reuben George, Gentleman : 

Know you. That from the special trust an<l confidence reposed in 
your fidelity, courage, activity, and good conduct, our (iovernor, with 
the advice of ine council of state, pursuant to the act **For regulating 
the militia of this commonwealth," doth appoint you, the said Reuben 
George, Captain of a Company of Light Infantry to the second Battal- 
ion of the thirty-third Regiment of the Militia of this Commonwealth, 
to take rank as such agreeably to the number hereof. 

In testimony whereof. These our letters are sealed with the seal of 
the Common 'vealth, and made patent. 

Witness Henry Lee, Esquire, our said Governor, at Richmond, this 
Eleventh of May, 1793. 

Registered, Sam. Coleman, [Seal.] 

HENRY LEB. 

47 



370 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. By the Governor of the CJommonwealth of Virginia — A Pro- 

clamation. 

May 13th The President ot* the United States having been pleaseii to comrauni- 
Richmond eatc to me, that a Treaty will h>o held with the hostile IndiaD tribes on 
or about the firHt <lay of June, at Lower Sandusky; and it being essen- 
tial as well to promote the im|>ortant objects of the said Treaty a.s to 
secure the personal safety of the commissioners employed in the nego- 
ciation thereof, that no hostile incursion shall bo made by the citizens of 
this Commonwealth into or near the Indian country, north of the River 
Ohio, I have thought proper to issue this, my Proclamation, by and with 
advice of the Council of state, requiring the Good people of this Com- 
monwealth to avoid all hostile incursions into or near the Indian country. 
North of the Ohio, until the issue of the said Treaty is known and 
made publick. And I do moreover require all officers, civil and military, 
to be vigilant in preventing such incursions, as well as in promoting to 
the utmost of their authority the objects of the said Treaty, and the 
Safety of the commissioners negociating the same. 

Given under my hand and under the se^l of the Commonwealth, at 
Richmond, this thirteenth day of May, in the year of our Lord, One 
thousand Seven hundred and ninety-three, and of the Commonwealth 
the seventeenth. 

[L. S.] HENRY LEE. 



(No. 8.) 

May 13th Reuben Blaket's Commission as Ensign. 

"The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Reuben Blakey, Gentleman: 

Richmond Know 3'ou, That from the special trust and confidence re|>08e(i 

in your fidclit}^ Courage, activity, and good conduct, and upon the Re- 
commendation of the court of the county of Henrico, our Governor, 
pui*suant to the Act " For Regulating the militia of this Commonwealth," 
doth appoint you, the said Reuben Blakey, Ensign in the second Bat- 
talion of the thirty-third Regiment of the said militia, to take i*ank a8 
such agreeably to the number hereof. 

In testimony whereof, These, our Letters, are scaled with the seal of 
the Commonwealth, and made patent. 

Witness, Henry Leo, Esquire, our said Governor, at Richmond, this 
thirteenth day of May, 1793. 

(Registered): 

SAM. COLEMAN. 
[L. S.] HENBY LEE. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 371 



It appearing that some ot the county courts have recommended a 1793. 
greater number of militia officers than is allowed by law, It is advised, May 14th 
in such cases, ye recommendations be Returned to ye courts that they ^^ Council 
may be made conformable to law, and that when a fewer number than 
ye law allows shall be recommended, Commissions issue thereupon, & a 
farther recommendation be required. 

A. BLAIR, C. C. 



Jos. Howell to the Secretary op War. May 15th 

Sir: 

The accounts presented by the Executive of the Commonwealth of War 
Virginia for pay, rations, &c. ot the militia called out for the defence of ^j^ount^ * 
the counties of Montgomery, Wythe, Russell, &c., in 1792, are now ant*8 office 
under examination, and will be closed in a few days. The pay charged 
by the state exceeds that allowed by the United States, but as far as the 
examination is made, I am led to beleivo that the amount will be about 
27,000 dollars. The United States have already advanccd'6,362 dollars 
& 2 Cents. I therefore conclude no danger can arise on paying the 
drail presented you. The informal manner of presenting copies of 
accounts in lieu of the originals, is so groat a deviation from established 
principles that I have to beseech you will impress on the Executive of 
the state the impropriety of the measure, and endeavor to procure in 
the present instance the originals, as I cannot be Justified in settling 
accounts on such evidence, unless where the originals are lost. In this 
instance I have taken the advice of the comptroller of the United 
States, who has verbally consented that the accounts may be acted upon, 
but still wishes the originals may be procured. He has directed me in 
all future cases to suspend a settlement. I have further to request that 
the muster-rolls of Lieutenant Willoughby and Mr. Gavock's detachment^ 
also the Russell county militia may be forwarded, as I cannot ascertain 
the term of service with that precision required. 

I also wish you to inform the Governor that in no one instance in the 
present case have the county Lieuts. complied with your instructions 
relative to mustering the scouts. If they do not act agreeably to direc- 
tions, the accounts for the future cannot pass. 

I am, sir. 

Your obedient servant. 



372 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. 

Sir: 
May 16th .» I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favour of the 

War 7th instant, with its enclosures from Col. Arthur Campbell, both of 
*^ which have been submitted to the President of the United States. 

The information of Col. Campbell is directly the reverse of the expec- 
tations entertained relatively to the conduct of the Cherokees, which 
from the latest information would have seemed to be of a pacific nature. 
If, however, they should make the invasion as stated, it would be indis- 
pensible to oppose their parties with an adequate force, ot which a8 it 
relates to the frontiers of Virginia, your Excellency must be the Judge. 

The accountant of the War Department did not report until yesterday 
upon the accounts of Virginia owing as he says to the business of the 
recruiting officers before him. The bill in behalf of the state for fifteen 
Thousand Dollars in favor of John Hopkins, will be paid. But as no 
person is authorized by the Treasury to accept Bills of this nature, 1 
must entreat that no more be drawn, as it may be out of my power to 
order payment. 

The Balance of this account as stated by the accountant shall be 
transmitted through the loan officer of Virginia. The difference between 
the sum charged and the sum paid will be accounted for by the report 
of the accountant herein enclosed. 

I have the honor to be with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't servH. 



May 16th Doctors Jas. Currie and J. K. Read, Certificate as to Anqelia 

Harnett. 

Pursuant to the Commands of his Excellency, the Governor, we, the 
subscribei's, attended at the Goal of the city and examined (per vaginam) 
Angelia under sentence of Death. We found the uteras in that situation 
which it generally is, in a gravid State — an enlargement of the Belly — 
& on an external application of the hand, we distinctly felt the motion 
of the Pectus. On these principles, we give it as our opinion that the 
aforesaid Angelia is in a state of pregnancy. 

Given under our hands this ItJth May, 1793. 

Doctor Read's compliments to Doct'r McClurgh; will be extremely 
obliged to him to bring forward his claim ag't the Council. He pre- 
sumes, if the Executive were fully acquainted with the nature of the 
Examination, there would be little objection to the payment. He will 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 373 



be much obliged to Dr. McClurgb, if iiccessary, to explain the operation, 1793. 
which was per vaginam & fullj' a.s dinagreoablo as a common operation May 16th 
in midwifery. 

Friday. • 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

ToJ. K. Read, Dr.: 

To examining in concert with Dr. Currie the uterus of Angelia, 
now under sentence of Death, to ascertain her pregnancy, by 
command of his Excellency, the Governor, - - - £5. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Jas. Currie, Dr.: 

To Examining in concert with Dr. Read, the uterus of Angelia, 
now under sentance of Death, to ascertain her pregnancy, by 
command of his Excellency, the Governor, - - - £5. 



Benj*m'n Biogs to the Governor. May 16tb 

Sir: 

On the first Monday of this present month, the court proceeded to Ohio County 
a second Recommendation of militia officers for this county; But not 
willing to make a county charge for conveying them to Government, ae 
they have been at the Expence of sending One Express on the like Busi- 
ness, but thought proper to forward one, and prays that it may become 
a stale c'harge; that he be paid out of the Publick Treasury, as we live - 
at so great a distance from Government and labor under many Inconve- 
niencies which our Interior fellow-citizens feel not. 

We might have waited for a more convenient opportunity', But the 
Emergency of the times Require that our militia should be officered* 
About ten daj's past, two parties of Indians were discovered by our 
scouts; one party of Eight Snapped at two of our scouts — the other 
party of Indians, consisting of Eighteen, fell in with five ol our men, on 
which a skirmish ensued — our men retreated without loss; But think 
they killed two of the Enemy. They were pursued a considerable dis- 
tance. About the same time, a party crossed the Ohio near the Mingo 
bottom — gathered a number of Horses; But being surprised (as we sup- 
pose;, left them at the River-side with one which they killed, and then 
made their escape. 

The court having neglected to set the Capt's names on tho Recom- 
mendations accoi*ding to the Rank they formerly Bore, (and I Beleive 



374 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. the SubalternR are,) 1 therefore take the liberty to Inclose a List of the 
May 16th Captains' Names, and have numbered them according to their former 
Rank, as I Expect their commis?iiionH will be numbered. 

1 would thank 3'our Excellency to Dispatch the Expi'ess, Mr. Suther- 
land, as quickly as possible, as he is unacquainted with the Business. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Most Obedient, Humble Servant. 

At a Court held and Continued for Ohio County on Tuesday, the 7th 
day of May, 1793: 

Present — David Shepherd, James Caldwell, Zachariah Sprigg, Geori^e 
McCollock, Richard Wells, & Robert McClure, Gentlemen. 

Ordered, that John Sutherland be appointed to take the recommenda- 
tions of the militia officers for the County of Ohio to Ritchmond, and 
Bring tlie Commissions for the same, as also any other publick papers, 
& that he deliver the same to Moses Chapline in West Liberty, agiiinsi 
the fii*st Monday in July next. 

A copy — Teste: 

MOSES CHAPLINE, 

Crk of Ohio County. 



May 16th Richard E. Lee to the Governor. 

D'r Sir: 
Norfolk I herewith inclose a letter from the British Consul on the sub- 

■ject of an interference of the civil authority against the citizens of the 
United States engaged in Privateering against the British. In con- 
formity to this letter, I called a court of Aldermen, who decided that no 
step should be taken in the business untill your instructions was recM, 
as the proclamation of the President did not warrant it. I have there- 
fore to request your reply fully on this subject as soon as possible. 

I am, D'r Sir, 

Your Hum. Servant. 

Norfolk, May IGth, 1793. 

Sir: 

According to the tenor of the Proclamation issued by the President 
of the United States & the Governor of Virginia, it appears to me that 
the civil authority is required to use all lawful means to prevent Ameri- 
can Citizens from an}' interference in the war now carried on by certain 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 375 



European powers. I therefore think it is my duty to acquaint 3'ou that 1793. 
here are the Mastei*B of two British vessels hitely taken by an armed May 16tli 
schooner, under French colore, on board of which armed vessel was one 
Innels, who acted as Lieutenant of Marines in the capture of the said 
vessels, & who is now in this Borough at Mr. Cannons, and to submit to 
your consideration whether such conduct comes within the meaning of 
the said proclamation, and whether the said Innels should not be pre- 
vented from returning to acts of Hostility against British subjects. 

1 am with much respect, sir, 

Your most obed't Hum. Serv't, 

JN. HAMILTON. 
Mr. Innels & the two captains intend to leave town immediately. 

RICH'D E. LEK Esq. 



Geo. Skillern to the Hon. James Wood. May 20th 

Dear Sir: 

Inclosed I send you a Recommendation of the militia officers Botetourt 
lor this county, who is to form the 48th regiment, which on an examina- 
tion, I discovered was not made out agreeable to the instructions for 
that purpose, which I would have had amended, But could not procure a 
court; notwithstanding, I thought it most advisable to send it, as it is 
not improbable from the Hostile appeai'ance of the Indians, and as well 
their late Incursions into our frontier settlements, that there might be a 
call for men from here before another court could be held, and, in the 
meantime. Not an officer in the county qualifyd to conduct the Business. 
This, sir, I beg leave to communicate to 3'ou, trusting that you will bo 
j)leased to Interfere in this business. The Bearer, Mr. Beale, will wait 
upon you for any Instructions you might please to send me on this 
affair. 

And be assured I am, Sir, with Every sentiment of respect, 

Your most ob't & very Humble Serv't. 

N. B. — Ye Date of my commission as County Lieutenant, is the 7th 
of Nov., 1780; My first Common as Lt.-Col. Date 1776. Inclosed is also 
a Recommendation for magistrates. 



376 calp:ndar of state papers. 

1793. John Steele to the Governor. 

Sir: 
May 2l8t Qn the 9th Inst., being then within Eight miles of Mr. Mann's, I 

Lewisburg vvrotc him, ench>8ed your letter to him of the 30lh ulto., and ordered 
him to be in readiness to mareh with his Detachment as early as possi- 
ble. He is now here, and informs me he will bo able to march about the 
first of June. I will order him to the Point. The Inhabitants of this 
county seem not apprehensive of much danger. Two scouts below the 
mouth of Greenbrier and six men in a settlement in Strowels country 
will satisfy them. Col. Donnely is immediately from Kanhawa. No 
damage has been done there lately, tho* the Inhabitants are under con- 
siderable apprehensions. Mr. Kelley, Capt. Capertou's Ensign, made a 
tour thro' the county between Kanawa and Guyandotte, returned up 
the Ohio to Point Pleasant, and saw no Indian nor sign; this must have 
been a fortnight ago. Capt. Caperton and myself will set out fi-om this 
place to-morrow morning to meet a small party of his soldiei's, who I 
flatter myself will conduct us safely to Elk; from whence I will proba- 
bly go by water to the Point. I saw Mr. Hawkins on his return from 
the Point, who told me he saw Gen'l Wayne with the army pass that 
place — the number about 700. 

With Great Respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your very humble Servant. 



May 21st William Bowen's Bond as Clerk of Grayson County. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William Bowen, Thomas 
Blair, Jeremiah Stone, k John Stone, are held and firmly bound unto 
his Excellency, the Governor of Virginia, for the time being, in the Just 
and full sum of Two thousand pounds current money, to the which pay- 
ment well and truly to be made to the s'd Governour and his successors 
in oflSce, we bind ourselves, our heiix, Executors, and Administrators, 
Jointly and severally & firmly by these presents. 

As witness our hands & seals this 21st day of May, 1793. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the above- 
bound William Bowen hath this day been appointed clerk to the county 
Court of Grayson, now if the said William Bowen shall faithfully exe- 
cute the duties of his office in all things touching the same, and shall 
not remove or carry or suffer to be removed or carried out of the s'd 
county, the Records and papers belonging to his office, unless by order 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 377 



of the Court, and shall keep bis office at all times open and accessable 1793. 
to all pei*8on8 having business therein, and duly demean himself in all May 2l8t 
things concerning his said office. Then the above obligation to be void. 

Test: 

ABKAM TRIGG. 

WILLIAM BOWEN. [L. S.] 
THOMAS BLAIR. [L. S.] 
JEREMIAH STONE. [L. S.] 
JNO. STONE. [L. S.] 



H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. May 23d 

Sir: 

I am directed by the President of the United States, to address War 
your Excellency on the following subject: Department 

A case has lately occurred in this vicinity which required the interpo- 
sition of the General Government, and as similar cases may arise in 
other places, it is necessaiy that some uniform, adequate, and prompt 
remedy should be provided and operate throughout the United States. 

An armed vessel of one of the powers engaged in the present war, 
captured a ship of another, lying in the Bay of Delaware, and conse- 
quently under the protection of the United States. Both duty and 
honor required that the Government should cause the captured vessel to 
be retftored, which the minister residing here of the power, whose vessel 
Committed the aggression, has very readily undertaken to have done. 
But as this remedy may not be adapted to every case, and especially to 
distant ones, some other is to be resorted to of more universal applica- 
tion. 

The capture of vessels being generally the consequence of an attack 
or combat, and that by an armed and foreign force, is in its nature, if 
committed within our territory, a military aggression, and to be re- 
pressed by the military force of the nation. The standing power of the 
union is its militia, and this is everywhere at hand to meet eveiy viola- 
tion of the national protection. To your Excellency, therefore, as the 
head of the militia of the slate of Virginia, the President of the United 
States confides the. charge of interposing in all cases of hostility com- 
mitted between the belligerent parties within the protection of your 
state. Desiring that you would be pleased with the aid of your militia 
to detain the parties finit aggressing, until you could communicate the 
case to the President with the evidences in writing, which may estab- 
lish the facts for his ultimate decision thereon. This you may be assured 
of receiving with all the dispatch circumstances may admit. 

I have the honor to be with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most obed.. Hum. Servant. 

48 



378 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. A. Stuart to the Governor. 

Sir: 
May 23d I rec'd a letter of Mr. Charles Marshall in the beginning of this 

Staunton month, informing me of the confinement of John Bullett in ye Jail of 
Fauquier county, & requesting I would have him sent for, as the court 
would discharge him on ye 13th Inst., if he was not sooner applied for. 
I accordingly interested myself to have it done, & assured those who 
would apply, that they should receive a compensation for their trouble; 
by the Inclosed cert, you will find Mr. Rhoads is entitled thereto. I was 
anxious that Bullitt sh'd be brought to trial, because he escaped from ye 
non-attendance of a Dist. Judge, which gave rise to the illiberal suspi- 
cions among ye people, that he was favoured by all concerned — being 
ye brother of a Judge. 

I am, sir, with respect, 

Y'r Excellency's most Ob't, H. Servant. 



May 23d John Walker's Bond as Clerk of Madison County Court. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, John Walker, Jr., John 
Walker, James Walker, Jr., are held and firmly bound unto Henry Lee, 
Esquire, Governour of Virginia, or his successor in office, in the sum of 
five thousand pounds current money of Virginia, to be paid to the said 
Henry Lee, as aforesaid, and his successor in office; to which payment 
well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, Jointly and severally, our 
Joint & several Heirs, Ex*ors, and Adm'n's, firmly by these presents. 

Sealed with our seals and dated this 23rd Day of May, 1793. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas the above- 
bound John Walker hath been appointed, and sworn by the Justices of 
Madison county, assembled at the house of John Yager, Jr., in the said 
county of Madison, clerk of the Court of the said county of Madison, 
Now if the said John Walker, Jr., shall in all things truly and faithfully 
perform the duty of his office of clerk of the said county court aforesaid 
according to law, then this obligation to be void, otherwise to remain in 
full force and virtue. Done in Court. 

JAS. BARBOUR. 

JOHN WALKER, Jr. [Seal.] 

JOHN WALKER. [Seal.] 

JAMES WALKER. [Seal.] 

At a court held for the county of Madison at the house of John 
Yager, JunV, on the 23d day of May, 1793. 
This Bond was acknowledged and ordered to be recorded. 

JOHN WALKER, Jr., C. M. C. 



CALENDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 379 



H. Knox, Sbcretary of War, to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

In consequence of a representation to the President of the United May 24th 
States that lately at the Port of Charleston, in South Carolina, two War . 
vessels were commissioned, equipped, and armed as Privateers on behalf ®^^ °^®^ 
of one of the belligerent powers named in his proclamation ; the same, 
together with the nature and tendency of su;jh conduct have engaged 
his serious attention and deliberation. The President deeming the 
toleration of such a practice to be inconsistent with the duties of neu- 
trality and with the preservation of the peace of the nation, and the 
same not being required by any Treaty of the United States, he has 
concluded that effectual measures ought to be adopted and pui*sued to 
prevent a repetition of it. 

And inasmuch as such a proceeding by any of the parties at War or 
their subjects or citizens is an infraction of the Jurisdiction and rights 
of the United States, which would fall within the principle and remedy 
in the case stated in my letter of the 23d instant. 

I am fully instructed by the President of the United States to signify 
to your Excellency in 3'our capacity of commandor-in-chief of the mili- 
tia of your state his desire and request, that if the practice which has 
been mentioned should at any time occur in your state, you will effectu- 
ally interpose to put a stop to it; and in order thei*eto, that you will 
detain an}' vessel in respect to which the proceeding shall take place, and 
will be pleased to notify him of the circumstances of the case, and the 
steps which 3'ou may have taken, to the end that he may give such 
further directions thereon as may appear proper. 

1 have the honor to be with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient Humble servant. 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. May 24th 

Sir: 

I duly received your Exc'y's Letter of the 22d, and am truly sorry Norfolk 
no provision is ma<le by the General Government for defence of the Sea 
Ports. In my opinion, it is absolutely necessary that we should have a 
few Guns mounted to keep peace and order among the different nations 
now, and that will be hereafter in our parts. If your Ex'cy will permit 
the nine-pounder and the fours to be mounted, I think it will have a 
good effect — in many cases, the manning of our artillery company re- 
quires them to exercise with. Our use for them are for our own pro- 
tection k keeping ye peace; as to the keeping them safe, they must be 



380 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEKS. 



1793. housed in the Town where the watch can guard them Id their rounds — 
May 24th this* is the only method I know of at present. If a small party of ten 
men could be obtained, they wou*d answer all purposes, as the militia 
alone can be called out, if necessary. I beg leave to observe that all the 
cannon I have made return of, ai^ now exposed to every malicious 
Enemy, on a point opposite this Town. It was contemplated by the 
Executive to have a house built over them, but from the frequent firing 
them, I thought it useless; by which me^ns, the balance remained in my 
hands — this will mount the three I proposed. If you would be so good 
as to send such carriages down as will suit, if they should be out of re- 
pair, they can be done here as cheap as anywhere. Should these guns 
be mounted, we shall want powder and shot for them, as we have none. 
I have had yV proclamation printed in hand-Bills & sent it to manj* 
places where our newspapers ai*e not taken, & I beleive it has had a good 
effect. The muskets I have distributed to the militia, taking a receipt 
for their return when calletl for, or the value if lost. 

I inclose you a copy of my ac't, which will show the balance due the 
state. 

And am with the Greatest respect, 

YV ExVy's ob't serv't. 

State of Virginia, 

To Thos. Newton, Jr. : 

To Cash paid Thos. Newton for taking the large cannon out 

of the River, .-..-.- £10 4 

To cash p'd Taring the Guns, - - - - -213 

To Ditto saving a nine-pounder out of a milMam (left by the 

Brittish). - - - - - - - 4 12 6 

To cash p'd surveying the Light-House Lott on Cape Henry, 2 3 3 

To cash p\i Wm. Graves & Wm. Mosely for removing & col- 
lecting the Guns to Fort Point, - - - - 15 3 

To cash p*d drayage muskets: To 5 iV Commas on salens of 

the disabled cannon, - - - - - -3116 

In T. Newton, Jr*s hands, - - - - 33 6 6 



£71 10 



By sales 35 Ton, 15 old cannon, To Thos. Brown @ 40, - 71 10 



The first charge was for saving the Guns l>olonging to the F. S., by 
onier of the Gov'r, E, Randolph ; the remainder l»elon^ to the state. 



CALSKBAB OP STATE PAPERS. 381 



Grand & Go's Accoont carrent witli the Coramonwealth of Virginia, 1793. 
Extending from January, 1781, to December 14th, 1792. May 25th 

Note. — "The original sent to Mr. Jefferson, with the expectation that Paris 
it Mrill be retomed." [Tbia, it seems, was not done; no doubt it was 
translated and annotated by Mr. Jefferson, but cannot be found among 
the public papers. — See Executive pajMjrs, May 25th, 1793, in State 
Archives.] 



John Taylor to the Governor and Council. May 27th 

To his Excellency* llenr)* Lee, Esq., Gov*r of Virginia, & llonbl. Coun- 
cil : 

Sir: 

I am compelled from the peculiar situation in which I am at Richmond 
this time placed, to address your Excellency & Council; humbly hoping Fmin^v 
that your well-known lenit}* and indulgence will, after a true recital of 
my affairs, be extended to me in as full a manner as the strict duties of 
3'our office will permit, and the immergency of my situation require. 

I was honored by your Excellency and Honbl. board in being permit- 
ted to become the purchaser of a damaged brass Gunn, then lying at 
Taylor's Ferry, in Hanover county ; which purchase 1 made in January, 
1792, and at considerable loss of time, labour, and expense, I brought it 
to this place — for which said Gunn, your assistant clerk, Mr. Samuel 
Coleman, called on mo for my Bond, which I choarfully granted your 
Excellency for the sum of £75 6 8, payable on demand. Not long since, 
I received a notice from John Pendleton, Esq., auditor, informing me 
that unless payment of the said Bond be made by the 9th day of Juno 
next, a Judgement will be obtained against me for the said sum of 
£75 6 8; which said notice and requisition is not in my power to comply 
with at this time, without a considerable derangement of planus equally 
beneficial to the community at largo, as to myself. 1 have to observe to 
your Excellency, and I trust the observation will have its due weight 
with you, that the establishing a Foundry — either Brass or Iron — is 
attended with many difficulties, even in a country whore every material 
can with ease and convenience be procured; how much more difficult 
must it be in this country, where every useful article must be brought 
Irom Philadelphia, and many even from Europe? 1 have laid out up- 
wards of three hundred Guineas in the Business, and altho' every exer- 
tion has been made on my part, the business but Just now begins to 
wear the appearance of success. I should not ground a single hope for 
success in this, my petition, was I not so well assured of the strenious 
exertions made by every person in authority throughout the United 
States to promote and advance the interests of every foreign mechanick 
resorting to this country for imployment. 



382 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. The erecting a Brass foundery and the compleating it so far as to exe- 

May 27th cute work in a masterly manner, take much time & is attended with 
great expence and labour; the short time I have been employed, the 
situation of my foundery at present, together with samples of my work 
already executed, must and I trust will convince an}' person acquainted 
with the business, that my exertions have been great. My knowledge 
of the business perfect in all of its various branches, and unless checked 
in its present Infant state, there cannot exist a doubt of its answering 
the desired ef!ect, the procuring myself & family ease and convenience, 
and the community at large, great and essential service — two instance's 
occur to prove my last assertion, i. e. my selling 20 pr. c. lower than 
imported Goods, and giving a price for old metal, which till I came to 
this place or within twelve months past, was in many parts of the coun- 
try deemed useless. I can tho' not without having a good many incon- 
veniencys to encounter, pay by the time prescribed, one-half of the 
debt, and must beg indulgence 12 months for the balance & Intorest. 

I trust your Excellency does not consider this a debt of the ordinary 
nature of publick demands; you'll please also to consider I am the liivt 
that have undertaken the arduous task of erecting a compleat foundery 
in this State, and that j'ou'll for a noment turn your attention, and sug- 
gest the difficulties a person must encounter in the first degree of a 
Business at all times difficult in its operations and uncertain in its pros- 
pects — its succeses only certain when attended with fatigue and constant 
care. And had I not exerted every nerve throughout the whole course 
of the business, it would have been impossible to have brought the foun- 
dery to the perfection it now is, and I should be happy that an exami- 
nation of the state of my foundery could take place, and the result be 
made known to your Excellency and Hon. Board, twould be the best 
advocate (of many) in my cause. 

I trust your Excellency will look on the circumstances here stated 
with a favourable eye, and remedy the evil attendant only to the indi- 
vidual and of little service to the Commonwealth. 

I have the honor to be with every sentiment of respect & Esteem, 

Your Excellency's most H'ble Petitioner. 



May 27th A List of Capt. Hugh Caperton's Company, received by John Sleelo 
on the 27th May, 1793, at the mouth of Elk , Fort Lee: 

Hugh Caperton, Capt. 

Samuel Henderson. 

James K el ley. 

Rob't McKee, Serg't, Rockbridge. 

, Greenbrier. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 383 



David Millburn, Kanawha. 1793. 

Andi*ew Johnson, Montg*y. May 27th 

Isaac Cole, Corp'l, Groonbncr. 

David Johnson, do., Mont*y. 

Win. Morris, Jr., do., Kanawa. 

Andrew Ualfield, do., Mont'y. 

Thos. Alsburg, Kanawa. 

James Stuart, fifer, Montg'y. 

Jonas Haliield, PI., same. 

John Rue, same. 

John Burton, same. 

James Sweeney, G. Brier; on furlough (marrie(i 9 May,) 20 days. 

Isaac Smith, Mont.; married. 

Wm. Smith. Montgm.; sick. 

Geo. Swobe, same; sick in G. B.; Received June 5; a Boy. 

Wm. Storms, G. Brier; married. 

John Cock, Mont'y; on furlough 14 May; received 5th June. 

Francis Travers, G. Brier; a Boy. 

Thos. Cook, Mont.; a Boy. 

Michael Burk, G. Brier; a Boy. 

David Marshall, M. 

George Abbot, Wythe. 

Wm. Lee, G. B. 

John Garrison, Mont'y — at Alderson. 

Wm. Wilson, G. B. 

Rob't Lee, Same; a little boy. 

Patrick Wilson, Same. 

John Smith, G. B. 

James Ingi'am, same. 

John Neill, same. 

Petre Neill, same. 

Mathias Meadows, same. 

Samuel Thomas, Kanawa. at A. W. Clendinen's; R^tceived June 7th. 

Moses Massey, G. B., at John Morris*. 

Henry Massey, same, at the District court as a witness. 

Mathew Farley, same, app'd a scout by J. Steele. 

Francis Farley, same, at home all the winter. 

Andrew Lewis, sha. 

Joseph Hilliard, G. B., at Capt. W. Morris*. 

I)rewry Farley, same, at home all the winter. 

John Sellerds, Wythe. 

Edw*d Farley, G. B.; Lickcn Stone, his Subs., at A. W. Clendincn. 

John Cavenaugh, Sha., at Ca|)t. W. Morris.* 

Isaiah Calloway, G. B., at L. Morris*. 

John Hubbard, same. 

Lewis Booten, same, 53 years. 



384 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Alex. Curry, same; at J. MorriH*; Received June 6th. 

May 27th EdwM Hughes, K'wa; at A. W. MorriB*; Received 5th June. 

Stephen Tow, Campbell, same. 
Rich'rd Nugent, Sh., name. 

John JaraicHon, G. B.; And. Hamilton, IiIh 8ub»titute. 
Heniy Dixon, same. 

John Lewis, same; Andrew Donnelly, Jr., K. — at Col. Donnelly's, on 
furlough to both; Joined & received 5th June. 
Felix Williams, G. B. ; at home all winter, 
John Conner, same. 
Joseph Canterbury, Mont'}'. 
Thos. Upton, Kanawa. 
Abner Lewis, G. B. 

John Scott, same; Patrick McCool in his room. 

Lawrence Bryant, same. 
John Bailey, Kanawa, at W. Morris'. 
Joseph Burwell, Sha. 

William Graham, G. B.; app'd a scout by John Steele. 
David Graham, G. B.; never mustered. 

James Abbot, same; absent on villainy hero. 

Henry Montgomery, Bedford, at L. Morris*. 
James Starkey, Kanawa, at W. Morris'. 
Jessee Vanbeber. Kanawa. 
Thos. Carter, same, at W. Morris'. 

John Carter, same. 

Will. Carroll, same. 

Thos. Lemostei*s, G. B. ; on com'd; returned the 25th & received, 
James Graham, same; never mustered; a little boy. 
Enoc At water. 

John Morris, Kanawa; Martin Hammick, G. B.; David French, 
Mont'y; Thos. Alsbury, Jr., Kanawa. (Scouts.) 
Wm. Dick, G. B. 
Geo. Huzzard. G. B. 



May 28th Wm. C. C. Claiborne, James B. Southall, Rich'd Barbour, Sam'l 

C. DuvALL, Jr., Higumond Literary Society to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond Sensible that you arc a friend to science and that a Literary Listi- 

tution will meet with your Patronage, we of the committee appointed 
by the Richmond Independent Literary Society for that specific pur- 
pose, are encouraged to solicit a favour of your Excellency, which, if 
granted, will be gratefully remembered. It is to permit us to hold our 
meetings in the senate Room at the Capitol, but undei: the express cod- 



CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 



ditions that no iDJiiry shall be done to that room particularly or any 
part of the public buildings by the members of this society. Permit us 
to assure you that the objects of this association are in our humble 
opinions laudable, it being intended for the improvement of those who 
constitute it. Under these circumstances, we trust that your Excel- 
lency will grant this request. 

We are, sir, with every sentiment of Esteem & respect. 

Your most obedient & H'ble Servants. 



386 



1793. 
May 28th 



Wm. Davies to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Your Excellency's favor of the 22nd has Just come to hand, and 
conferred an obligation by the terms with which you approve of the 
liberty 1 took with regard to your money. With respect to the public 
books & papers, I had determined in case I had not received your direc- 
tions, to have sent them on by land in care of some trusty pei*son, if one 
conld have been obtained, but if not, to have attended them myself, tho' 
from the cheapness of transportation by water, I have purposed to 
remove my family in the same way they came. I shall procure such 
eoiiveyanee as you propose, and in case I accompany them myself, I 
j*hall expect not to be the loser. From the present aspect of the busi- 
ness, 1 have little expectation of the General Boards' being able to spare 
the puhlick books, till a very short period, if at all, before the first of 
July. There is, however, constant exertion made by the Board to close 
thin tedious business, and I am arranging the papers that are to be 
returned in such way as to render a referrence to them easy when 
delivered up to the puhlick offices at Bichmond; a measure which I 
know to be of importance from the numerous applications which have 
been and still are making to me for information from them. I shall 
forward by water, as opportunities occur, such books & papers as may 
be dispensed with, and as are not of importance to the state. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, with respectful esteem & regard. 

Your Excellency's most obed. Servant. 



May 28th 



Phila- 
delphia 



Certificates op Moneys paid into the Treasury for British 

.Subjects. 



May 30th 



I, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer of Virg'a, do hereby certify that John Treasury 
S3 nie, ot the county of Hanover, paid into the Loan office of this com- office 

monwealth to Geo. Webb, Esq., the then Treasurer, on the titlh day of 

49 



386 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. April, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, as appears by the 
May 30th books of the Treasury, six hundred ninety-two pounds current money of 
Virg'a, to be applied to his credit in ace't with Mildred & Roberts, 
British subjects, according to an Act of the General Assembly passed in 
the year 1779, entitled an Act for sequestering British property, enab- 
ling those indebted to British subjects to pay off such Debts, and direc- 
ting the proceedings in suits where such subjects are parties. 
Given under my hand, this 30th Day of May, 1793. 

J. AMBLER, Treas'r. 

No. 16. 

I, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer of Virg'a, do hereby certify that John 
Syme, of the county of Hanover, paid into the Loan oflSco of this com- 
monwealth to Gecirge Webb, Esq., the then Treasurer, on the 5th day of 
Apnl, 1779, as appears by the books of the Treasury, three thousand 
thre" hundred and fiftj'-four pounds 17s., current money of Virginia, to 
be applied to his credit on acc't of Kelley and Syme, according to an 
Act of the General Assembly passed in the year 1777, entitled An Act 
for sequestering Bi-itish property, enabling those indebted to British 
subjects to pay off such Debts, and directing the proceedings in suits 
where such subjects are parties. 

Given under my hand, this 30th day of May, 1793. 

J. AMBLER, Treas'r. 

No. 626. 

I, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer of Virginia, do hereby certify that 
John Syme, of the county of Hanover, paid into the Loan office of this 
commonwealth to George Webb, Esq., the then Treasurer, on the 
twenty-seventh day of November, one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy-eight, as appears by the books of the Treasury, Ten thousand 
three hundred pounds current money of Virginia, to be applied to bis 
credit in account with Farrell & Jones, of Bristol, who were British 
subjects, according to an Act of the General Assembly passed in the 
year 1777, entitled an Act for sequestering British property, enabling 
those indebted to British subjects to pay off such debt, and directing 
the proceedings in suits where such subjects are parties. 

Given under my hand, this 30th day of May, 1793. 

J. AMBLER, Treas'r. 

1, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer of Virg'a, do hereby certify that John 
Syme, of the couuty of Hanover, paid into the loan office of this com- 
monwealth to George Webb, Esq., the then Treasurer, on the fifth day 
of April, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, as appears by 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 387 



the books of the Treasury, one thousand throe hundred and seventy- 1793. 
six pounds nineteen shillings and two pence, current money of Virg'a, to May 30(h 
be applied tohis credit in acc't with Sam'l Waterman, a British subject, 
according to an Act of the Genoral Assembly passed in the year 1777, 
entitled an Act for sequestering Bntish property, enabling those 
indebted to British subjects to pay ott* such Debts, and directing the pro- 
ceedings in suits where such subjects are parties. 
Given under my Hand, this 30th day of Ma}', 1793. 

J. AMBLER, Treas'r. 

1, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer of Virginia, hereby certify that John 
Syme, of the county of Hanover, paid into the Loan otfice of this com- 
monwealth to (-rcori^c Webb, Esq., the then Treasurer, on the fifth day 
of April, 1779, as appears by the books of the Treasury, Twelve hundred 
and seventy -seven pounds Ten Shillings and Eight pence, current money 
of Virginia, to be applied to his credit in account with Smith, Son & 
Russell, British subjects, according to an Act of General Assembly 
passed in the year 1777, entitled **an Act sequestering British property, 
enabling those indebted to British subjects to pay off such debts, and 
directing the proceedings in suits where such subjects arc parties." 

Given under my hand, this 24th day of May, in the year 1793. 

J. AMBLER, TreasV. 
No. 7. 

I, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer of Virginia, do hereby certify that 
John Syme, of the county of Hanover, paid into the Loan office of this 
commonwealth to George Webb, Esq., the then Treasurer, on the fifth 
day of April, 1779, as appears by the books of the Treasury, Eleven 
hundred and forty-nine pounds six shillings and Eight pence, current 
money of Virginia, to be applied to his credit in account with Hard- 
castle and Catley, British subjects, according to an Act of the General 
Aseembly passed in the year 1777, entitled An Act for sequestering 
Bntish property, enabling those indebted to British subjects to pay off 
such debts, and directing the proceedings in suits where such subjects 
are parties. 

Given under my hand, this 30th day of May, in the year 1793. 

J. AMBLER, TreasV. 

Treasury, 26th May, 1790. 

It appears from the books of this office that the sum of two thousand 
four hundre<l and sixty pounds were paid into the Treasury by Archi- 
bald Cary, Eisq., on the 23d May, 1780, for and on account of Mr. John 
Lidderdale, a British Merchant, and on the same day the further sum of 



388 CALENDAK OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. five thousand nine hundred & thirty-one pounds for and on account of 
May .'KMh MesfliB. Capel & Osgood Hanbury. Certificates numbered 369 ami 370. 

J. AMBLER, TreasV. 

The following are certificates from George Brooke, Treanurer of Vir- 
ginia: 

No. 24. 

I, (ieorge Brooke, Treasurer of Virginia, hecttby certif3' that the Exe- 
cutors of the Estate of John Randolph, of the county of Cumberlaud, 
hath paid into the Loan office of this commonwealth thirty -six thousand 
six hundred and sixty-six and two-thirds Dollars, to be applied to his 
credit in account with Capel & Osgood Hanbury, British subjects, accord- 
ing to an Act of the General Assembly passed in the year 1777, entitled 
"An Act for sequestering British property, enabling those indebted to 
British subjects to pay off such Debts, and directing the Proceedings in 
suits where such subjects are parties." 

Given under my hand, this foliilh day of May, in the year one thou- 
sand seven hundred & Eighty. 

GEO. BROOKE. 

No. 202. 

That Nathaniel Pope, of Louisa County, hath paid into the Loan 
office six hundred sixty-Eight & one-third Dollars, to be applied to his 
credit in account with Donald Scott & Company, British subjects. 

£200 10. Signed 12th May, 1780. 

No. 203. 

That Nathaniel Pope, of Louisa County, hath paid into the Loan 
office six hundred sixty-six & two-thirds dollars, to be applied to his 
credit in account with Cochran & Company, British subjects. 

£200. Signed 12th May, 1780. 

No. 259. 

That William Eastland, of Mecklenburg eountj, hath paid into the 
Loan office two hundred & Eighty dollars, to bo applied to his ci'edit in 
account with Jno. Bowman, Alex'r Spiers & Co., British Bubje<'ts. 

£84. Signed 16th May, 1780. 

No. 263. 

That Robert Burton, Ex'or of William Burton, of Albemarle county, 
hath paid into the Loan office thirty-one hundred & ninety-three Dol- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 389 



lars, to be applied to hiH credit in account with Jainen & Rob*t Donald & 1793. 
Co., British Hubjeels. May 30th 

£958. Signed 17th May, 1780. 

No. 338. 

That Pleasant & Bates, of Henrico county, hath paid into the Loan 
office three thousand five hundred fiUy-tive and 40-72 seconds dollars, to 
be applied to his credit in Account with Dobson, Dalbra and Walker, 
British subjects. 

£1,066 13 4. Signed 23d May, 1780. 

No. 339. 

Also that they had paid into the Loan office twelve hundred forty- 
four & four-ninths dollars, to be applied to their credit in account with 
Porkeris, Buchanan & Brown, British subjects. 

£373 6 8. Signed 23d May, 1780. 

No. 340. 

That Thomas Bates, one of the Ex'ors of Tarleton Heming, of Gooch- 
land count3% hath paid into the Loan office seven hundred & thirty-six 
& one-ninth Dollars, to his credit in account with Rumbald, Walker & 
Tabb, British subjects. 

£220 16 8. Signed May 23d, 1780. 

341. 

Also that he has paid into the Loan office, as Ex'or of Tarlton Hem- 
ing, of Goochland, Eighty-five & seven-ninths Dollars, to his credit in 
account with Robert Bain, a British subject. 

£25 14 8. Signed May 23rd, 1780. 

342. 

Also that he has paid into the Loan office, as one of the Ex'ors of 
Tarlton Heming, of Goochland county, six hundred thirty-Eight & one- 
ninth DoUai's, to his credit in account with Tedgley, Hillhouse and Ran- 
dolph. 

£191 8 8. Signed 23d May, 1780. 

348. 

That John Anderson, of King William County, hath paid into the 
Loan office seven hundred and six & two-thirds Dollai*s, to his credit in 
account with Donald, Scott & Company, British subjects. 

£212. Signed May 23d, 1780. 



390 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 349. 

Hmy 30cb That John Hickman, of the oounty of , bath paid into the Loan 

oflSce H\x hundred dollaiv. to hw ere<lit in account with Donald, S<^ott & 
f'ompany. British suhjt^'tH. 

£180. Signed 23d May, 1780. 

364. 

That William PeterH Martin hath paid into the Loan office Three hun- 
dred and iortv dollars, to bin credit in account with James (iovan and 
Company. British subjects. 

£102. Signed May 2:^d. 1780. 

There was not any money |»aid into the Treasury on acc't British sub- 
jei'ts ailer the law passed lorbiding it. 

GEO. BROOKE. 

No. 369. 

That Archibald Cary, of Chesterfield county, bath paid into the loan 
office Eight thousand two hundred dollars to bis credit in account witb 
, a British subject. 

£2,460. Signed 19th May, 1780. 

No. 370. 

Also that be has paid into the loan office nineteen thousand seveu 
hundred and seventy dollars to bis credit witb Capel and Osgood Han- 
bury, British subjects. 

£5,931. Signed 19tb May, 1780. 

No. 372. 

That Martin Key, of Albemarle county, bath paid into the loan office 
Twenty -one thousand two hundred and sevent3'-eight and two-thirds 
dollars to bis credit with Walter King, for the propr's of the sM King's 
estate in Amherst, Buckingham, Fluvanna and Henry. 

£6,383 12. Signed 25th March, 1781. 

Also that be bad paid the following, as per certificates: 

No. 379. 

As Commissioner for the estate of John Harmer, of the county of 
Albemarle, fourteen thousand six huntlred and tbirt^'-fivo dollars to his 
credit in account with John Harmer, (for the profits of bis estates in 
Cumberland & Henry Countys. 

£4,390 10. Signed 3l8t May, 1781. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 391 



No. 380. 1793, 

Ten thousand two bundnMl and tit\y dollars to his ei-cdit, in aeeount May oOth 
with John Uariner, a British subject. 

i:3,075. Signet' 20th July, 1781, 

No. 381. 

Eight thousand seven hundred and fifly dollars, to his credit in ac- 
count with Walter King, a British subject. 

£2,625. Signed 20th July, 1781. 

No. 382. 

As Commissioner for sequeHtei*ed properly of the County of Albe- 
murle. three thousand six hundred and fitly dollai's to his credit in ac- 
count with Walter King, a British subject. 

£1,095. Signed 3i-d December, 1781. 



David Ross, W. Poushbk, Ed. Carrinoton, J. H. , Directors May 3l8t 

OF THE James River Company, to the (tovernor. 

Sir: 

We beg leave to request the favour of your Excellency to lay belore Richmond 
the l[on*ble the Executive the enclosed requisition, & hope it will not be 
improper to authorise the Treasurer to make immediate payment of the 
first Sum requested; this if practicable will greatly convenience as well 
as benefit the company in its present Situation. 

With much respect we remain, sir, 

Your most ob't Servants. 

At a meeting of the Dii-ectors of the James River company, on the 
3l8t May, 1793: 

Resolved, that the sum of ten pounds on each share be paid on the 
15th day of July, and the further sum of Ten pounds on each share be 
paid on the first day of October en^ueing, to Mr. Robert Pollard, the 
comjmny's Treasurer, and each of the company are requested to make 
}>unctual payments at the periods aforesaid. 

[Extract from the minutes.] 

ROBERT POLLARD, Clerk. 



392 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. The Auditor to the Governor. 

May 3l8t The Auditor'B respects to bis Exc*y, the Governor, & boggs leave to 

Auditor's observe that the Act under which the hon'ble Board advised the 

remissions of damages does not comprehend the taxes for '91 ; the act 
extends the authority to remit only on taxes due prior to the Ist day of 
1791. The auditor therefore takes the liberty to request the hon'blc 
Board will be pleased to reconsider the subject. 



office 



May 3l8t Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Washington It will encourage the voluntiers of Captain Hankins' company, 

which is the only corps that probably will see an enemy untill towards 
the fall, if one month*8 \my could be advanced them by our Treasury on 
acc*t, or should monej'' not be plenty there, I have reason to beleivo 
drafts on the Sheriffs, where balances are due for 1789, 1790, or 1791, in 
the counties where the officera lives, will be paid punctually. It will be 
found useful to appoint a pay master to the whole in room of Mr. Tate, 
who is again elected a member of ye Assembly. If that Idea is approvt^i 
b}- your Excellency and the Council, I can recommend the bearer a.s a 
j)roper pei*8on, and who can give good security for his faithful perform, 
ances. His expectations for his trouble will be moderate, and his views 
of speculation none. He is about i*emoving to the county of Lee; his 
desire, therefore, to have the frontier defended, will help to bear him out. 
I must refer your Excellency for the detail of occurrences respectintj the 
Indians on their frontier counties to him. It may not be improper to 
remark, that the Indians that visited Wythe and Montgomer}' some 
weeks ago, were evidently' marauders — being in considerable numbers, 
and seemed to make no effort to kill anybod}* but such as came in their 
way. The}' were probabi}' from Sandusky. The greatest part of both 
the Cherokees and Creeks are hostile; perhaps some late measures of the 
Superintendent may divert the Cherokees for some weeks to come. VVc 
have had no attack from the southern Indians this year, except that on 
Mr. Cockrell; for which the enemy might have been well paid if jiroper 
exertions had been made. 

I am Just informed that a Chickasaw chief who came on a friendly 
embassy to Knoxville, was murdered last week by some pei*8ons yet 
unknown. This is an unlucky accident, as it may give serious offence 
to the only nation of Indians that are disposed to be a faithful ally. 

1 have the honor to be, Respectfully, 

Your most Obedient Servant. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



393 



Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 



1793. 



ir: 

Colonel Newton contemplates the mounting of one nine-pounder 
and two four-pounders. There are no ourriagen here which will answer 
the purpose of mounting the latter. The number on hand are six, four 
without axles but also without truck. Be pleased to say if they are all 
to bo sent and what number of nine pound & four pound balls shall be 
sent. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most ob. serv't. 



May 3l8t 



Anqilla Barnett Reprieved — ^Jailor's Receipt. 

Sir: 

I acknowledge the receipt of a Reprieve for Angilla Barnett until 
the third Friday in June next, 

And am, Sir, Your Excellency's 

Most ob*t & Humble Serv't, 

WM. ROSE. 



Abram Maury to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Having oftered myself as a canditate for the Adjutant-Generars 
place of this State. I take the liberty to request the favor ot your good 
offices in my behalf It is a line in which I served the late continental 
army for several yeai*8, from which experience I have no doubt but I 
shall be able to acquit myself in such a manner as not to dishonor you 
an as promoter of my view. 

I am, with great Respect, Sir, 

Y'r Most Ob't Serv't. 



June Ist 



Orange 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 



Sir 



Your Ex'y'sof 31st ull. received, and shall pointedly attend thereto, 

& will bo glad to receive instructions how to conduct ourselves, as it is 

the wish of all to observe the stinctest neutrality. 

50 



June 2d 



Norfolk 



394 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. I suppose it is allowable for all nations to arm their vessels here for 

June 2(1 solt-delence. Severttl cannon have been bro't from Petersburg & sold. 
The Brittish vessel (Merchantmen), a ship lying here, has four brass 
three-pounders, which I have heard the Capt. would gladly exchange for 
some iron four-pounders; an overture was made to me by a second- 
hand to know if it could bo effected. If agreeable to you I probably 
cou'd make an advantageous exchange, and the brass guns wou*d make 
good field pieces. 

I am, 

Your Ex'cy's ob*t serv't. 

We are at a loss respecting the Artillery Company here, their com- 
missions being different, but suppose they are under the same regula- 
tions as other militia. We shall bo glad of y*r instructions respecting 
the Cap. for the Light Infantry Co. 



June 4th Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond Having complied with the order of the Board of the 14tb of May, 

as far as the recommendation of militia officers have been received, 
with such exceptions as will be hereinafter noted, I beg leave especially 
to report what has been done, and what is yet to do on the subject of 
Militia Commissioners, viz: 

The counties of Accomac, Amherst, Albemarle, Bedford, Culpeper. 
Essex, Fluvanna, Fauquier, Gloucester, Grayson, Halifax, Henry, Hardy, 
Isle of Wight, James City, King & Queen, Kanawhawa, King Grcorge, 
Lunenburg, Lee, Loudoun, Mecklenburg, Mathews, Middlesex, Madison, 
(have made no recommendation), Nansemond, Norfolk, Northampton, 
Northumberland, Patrick, Pnnce George, Pittsj^lvania, Princess Anne, 
Prince William, Richmond, Russell, Southampton, Sussex, Stafford, 
Warwick, Westmoreland, City of Williamsburg. 

Upon complete recommendations from the town of Alexandria of 
artillery, from the counties of Augusta, Chesterfield, Dinwiddle, Eliza- 
beth City, Franklin, Hanover, Hampshire, and York; from the town of 
Fredericksburg for cavalry; from the town of Petersburg for Artillery; 
from the cit}' of Richmond for Cavalry and Artillery; from the Bor- 
ough of Norfolk for Artillery ; and from the Borough of Winchester 
for Cavalry Commissions have issued. Upon election by ballot of the 
citizens of Alexandria commissions have issued for a troop of Cavaliy. 
Upon recommendations short of the proper number of companies, and 
omitting light Infantry from the counties of Amelia, Fairfax, Greens- 
ville, Henrico, Orange, Pendleton, Surry, Nottoway and Norfolk Bor- 
ough, Commissions have issued, and the Commandants of Regimeats 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 395 



wrote to for further recommendations. Upon recommendations short 1793. 
of the pro])cr numhor of companies, including Light Lifantry, Grena- Juno 4th 
dierp, or Riflemen from the counties of Bath, Charlotte, (ioochland, 
Ohio, Prince Edward, & Spotsylvania, and from the city of Richmond, 
Commissions have issued, and the Commandants of Regiments heen 
wrote to for additional Recommendations, if warranted b}" the strength 
of their respective militia. 

The Recommendations from Buckingham being informal and improper, 
has been i"eturned for amendment. Upon recommendations from the 
counties of Berkeley, Brunswick, Botetourt, Campbell, Caroline, Fred- 
erick, Greenbrier, Powhatan, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Washington, 
and Wythe, commissions havu only issued to the field officers, the recom- 
mendations being defective, and the commandants of Regiments wrote 
to for amendments. Cumberland has only recommended a command- 
ant of the Regiment composed of the militia of Vhat county and Pow- 
hatan, w^ho is commissioned. 

The recommendations from Charles City, Harrison, Louisa, New 
Kent, Rockbridge, and Randolph, wait some direction of the Board 
(being under their consideration) before the commissions will issue. 
The recommendation from Lancaster waits for that from Northumber- 
land, as they both may recommend a commandant for the Regiment 
composed of the militia of these two counties. Upon the recommenda- 
tion from Montgomery, the commissicms for the commandant of the 
Regiment and of the Second Battalion only have issued. See the Gover- 
nor's letter of the 15th of May to the court. In corsequence of a peti- 
tion from a number of the Inhabitants of M<»nongalia, a copy of the 
recommendation of the court of that cr)unty was returned, and the Com- 
mission's forbid to is.sue until further orders. See the Governor's letter 
to the Court of the 12th of April, Letter book, page 164. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your Most Obedient Servant. 



Trial op Elias, Slave of Philip Southall. june 4th 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer called and held for Henrico county Henrico Co. 
at the Courthouse on Wednesday the Eight day of May, 1798, for the 
trial of Elias, a negroe man Slave belonging to th(^ estate of Philip 
Southall. deceased, charged with feloniously breaking and entering the 
Lumber house of Messrs. Boyd & Ker, in the night time of Kridaj*^ the 
26th day of April last, and stealing thereout and cariying away sundry 
articles of merchandize of the value offorty shillings. 

Present — Isaac Younghusband, Nathaniel Wilkinsohj Thomas Prosser, 
John Pleasants & John Mayo, Gent. Justices. 



396 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. The said Elias was led to the Bar in custody of the Sheriff of this 

June 4th county, to whose custody for the cause aforesaid he was committed, 
and being arraigned of the premises, he said he was no wise thereof 
Guilt}', and for his trial according to the Act of the lieneral Assembly 
in such case made, he put himself upon the Court. Whereupon sundry 
witnesses were sworn, charged, and examined; and the said Elias heard 
in his own defence. On consideration whereof It is the opinion of the 
Court that the said Elias is guilty of the Felony and Burglary aforesaid, 
and thereupon it being demanded of him, if anything for himself he had 
or Knew to say why the court here to Judgment and execution agamst 
him of and upon the premises should not proceed, he said he had noth- 
ing but what he had before said. Therefore it is considei-ed by the 
Court that ho be hanged by the Neck until he be dead, and it is com- 
manded the Sheriff that he cause execution of this Judgment to be done 
on Friday the fourteenth of June next, at the usual place of Execution. 
The court also value him to seventy-five pounds curi*ent money, and 
reasons appearing to a majority of the Court, To-wit: Thomas Prosser, 
John Pleasants, and John Mayo, Gent., they do recommend the said 
Elias to his Excellency, the Governor, and the council as a proper object 
of mercy. 

A cop3' — Teste: 

ADAM CRAIG, C. H. C. 

The minutes of preceding Trial were signed by Isaac Younghusband 
N. Wilkinson, Thos. Prosscr, John Pleasants, and John Mayo. 
Endorsed on the back : Elias Pardoned. Done 4th, 1793. 



June 4th William C. Williams to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Permit me to state to you the situation of two poor women in the 
county of Shenandoah, to-wit: Eleanor McGovorn and Sanih Edmonds, 
who were allowed pensions under the act of the General Assembly, au- 
thorizing a provision to widows & children of persons killed in the late 
war; and in consequence of a regulation of your board, directing the 
court to certify their situation, &c., the}' have been left off the list for 
the present 3'ear, not knowing that to be necessar}'. I should not have 
taken the libert}' to trouble j'ou on this subject, but that they have no 
means of support, except their person, and if should bo consistent with 
the proceedings of the Executive, I should be glad they might be added 
to the list. 

Col. John Green, who is well known to your Excellency, requested 
me to lay before the Executive his situation, and that he had not been 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 8B7 



continued on tbe list, from the reason assigned in the case of the two 179B. 
women above. June 4th 

I have the honor to be, 

Y'r Excellency *B Ob't Servant. 



Auditor's Account of Expenses. June 4th 

Tbe Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To John Pendleton, Dr.: 

1793, March. To Expence of sending Executions & Giving notices to 
sundry Publick delinquents to June General Court, '92, viz: 

Cr. Wm. Garrison's first Ride — Sending Executions to Amelia, 
Chesterfield, Isle of Wight, Nansemond, Norfolk, Prince Geo., 
Southampton, Sussex & Surry; notices to Chesterfield, Din- 
widdie, Mecklenburg, Nancomond, Norfolk, Prince George, 
Surrj, - . - - - - - - 16 10 

2d Ride — Sending notices to Amelia, Accomack, Chesterfield, 
Dinwiddie, Greenville, Isle of Wight, Lunenburg, Mecklen- 
burg, Norfolk, Northampton, Prince Geo., Southampton, 
Sun-y, Sussex, - - - - - - - 13 10 

Cr. Reubin Gardner first Ride — Sendin^i: Executions to Berke- 
ley, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince Wm., Staf- 
ford, Spotsylvania, Shenandoah ; Notices to Fairfax, Freder- 
ick, Harrison, Prince Wm., Stafford, and Spotsylvania, - 14 5 

2nd Ride — Send'g notices to Berkeley, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fau- 
quier, Frederick, Hampshire, Hardy, Ijoudoun, Prince Wm., 
Stafford, and Spotsylvania, - - - - - 11 5 

Cr. John Gardner first Ride — Send'y Executions to Charles 
City, Eliz. City, Gloucester, Henrico, King & Queen, Lancas- 
ttjr, Mathews, Northampton, Richmond, Westmoreland, York; 
Notices to Charles City, Essex, Gloucester, Henrico, James 
City, K'g George, New Kent, Richmond, Westmoreland, 
York, 14 5 

2d Ride — Send'g notices to Elizabeth City, Gloucester, Jas. City, 
King Wm., King George, Middlesex, Northumberland, Rich- 
mond, Westmoreland, Warwick, Williamsb'rg, & York, - 10 10 

Cr. John A. Richardson on first Ride — Send'g Executions to 
Bedford, Buckingham, Charh)tte, Campbell, Franklin, Henry, 
Powhatan, Prince Edward, Sc Washington; Notices to Buck- 
ingham, Cumberland, Charlotte, Campbell, Montgomery, & 
Russell, - - - - - - - - 23 6 



398 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 2d Ride— Send*g notices to Bedford, Buckingham, Campbell, 
June 4th Cumberland, Franklin, Halifax, Henry, Powhatan, Pittsyi- 

vania, - - - - - - - - 13 10 

Cr. Wm. Timberlake — Send'i^ Executions to Amherst, Caroline, 
Fluvanna, & Louisa; Notices to Albemarle, Caroline, Flu- 
vanna, Greenbrier, & Hanover, - - - - 18 15 

2d Ride — Send*g notices to Albemarle, Amherst, Augusta, 
Caroline, Greenbrier, Goochland, Hanover, King Wra., Louisa, 
Orange, Rockbridge, & Rockingham, - - - • 15 15 



£151 10 
J. PENDLETON. 



28 May, 1793. 



The Commonwealth of Virginia, Cr. 

In ac. with John Pendleton for notices to this day. viz: 

1793. 

March 9. By cash for the Treasurer, - - - 30 00 

May 2. By do. do., - - - 15 00 

45 00 

By cash received of Sheiiffs for notices send'g Ex'ctn's, 
&c., viz: 

1792. 
Nov. 27. By cash of Jas. Pendleton, Sh'tf Cuipeper; Rev. 

1788, 

Nov. 30. By cash of Job. Witten, Sh'ff Hardy; Ex'cutn's, 

Dec. 6. Do. " Wm. Vaughan, Sh'ff Brunswick ; Rev. 90, 

7. Do. ** Jas. Jones, Sh'ff Dinwiddie; Cert. 86, - 

9. Do. '* John Mosb}', Sh'ff Buckiog'm; Rev. 89, 

10. Do. ** Wor. Wetwood, Sh'ff Eliz. City ; Rev. 90, 

15. Do. " Thos. Towles, Sh'ff Spotsylvania; Cert, 

86, - • - 
18. Do. " John Johns, Sh'ff Buckingham; Rev. 90, 
20. Do. " Andrew Shanklin, Sh'ff Rock'hm; Rev. 

90, 3 2 3 

28. Do. " Jno. Hunter, Sh'ff Eliz. City; not Ret. 

Execut'ns, - - - - 1 7 11 

29. Do. " Jame8Lewis,Sh'ffSpotsylvania;notRet. 

Execut'ns, - - - - 15 

1793. 
Jan'y 11. By cash of Elis Hunt, Sh'ff Halifax; Rev. 90, - 118 

Mar. 18. By do. Wm. Goolsby, Sh'ff York; Rev, 90, - 10 1 



1 


10 


d 


2 


13 


6 


1 


11 


8 




1 


6 




15 


3 


1 


4 






15 







6 


6 



CAIiENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



399 



Ap'l 



May 



3. By do. 

5. Bv do. 

17. By do. 



22. 


By 


do. 


24. 


By 


do. 


16. 


By 


do. 


17. 


By 


do. 


22. 


By 


do. 




By 


do. 




By 


do. 


25. 


By 


do. 




By 


do. 




By 


do. 




By 


do. 



Rob't Throckmorton, Sh*ff Berkeley 

B«v. 90, ... 

Jordan KichardsoD, Sh*ff Greenville 

Rev. 9L ... 

TansUll Quarles, Sh'ff Fluvanna; Rev 

90, ... . 

Evan Jones, Sh'ff Shenandoah ; Rev. 91 
Wm. Wearing, Sh flf Essex ; Rev. 90, 
Jno. Walkins, Sh'ff Surry ; Rev. 91, 
John Bolt, Sh ff Chesterfield; Rev. 91 
Ths. Roane, Sh'tT K'g & Queen ; Rev. 89 
John Johns, Sh'ff Buck'ham; Cert. &4 
Wm. Perkins, Sh'ff da ; Rev. 91 
Joseph Fox, Sh'ff Westmoreland ; Rev 

87, ... - 

Phil. Noland, Sh'ff P. Edward ; Cert. 83 
Ths. Flournoy, Sh'ff do. do., 

Jno. Clark, 8h*ff do. ; Rev. 90 



1 13 



1793. 
Jane 4Ui 



10 4 





9 


5 




17 






11 


4 




9 


6 




5 


11 




6 


10 


1 


6 


11 


1 








1 










16 


6 




8 


3 




13 


8 


26 


3 


1 



1792. 
Nov. 27. By cash of Thos. Dehnam, Imprs. at Deacons 

Neck, . . - - . 

Dec. 8. Do. do. Powell & Caty, Imprs. at Denbigh, 
31. By do. Peter Green, Imprs. at Milnes, 

By do. Hardy Parker, Imprs. at South Quay, 
May 7. By do. Wm. Hubbord, Imprs. on Gl. Bend, . 
9. By do. Barly & Stone, Impi*s. at Colchester, . 
17. By do. Phil. Duval, Imprs. on Gl. Bend, 



Total, 





6 


10 




6 


6 


1 


4 







15 


6 




12 


9 




11 


2 




11 


1 


4 


7 


10 


£76 


10 


11 



J. PENDLETON. 



28 May, 1793. 



At a Court continued and held for Montgomery County, on Thursday 
the fourth day of April, 1793: 

PrcHeni — ^John Taylor, Joseph Cloyd, James Baniott, James Craig 
and John Preston, Gentlemen Justices. 

On the motion of William Preston, the principal Surveyor of this 
county, to have leave to absent himself from the county, It is the opin- 



June 5th 

Mont- 
gomery 
County 



400 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. ion of this Court that the said William should have permission to absent 
June 5th himself during his continuance in the service of the United States as au 
officer in the Federal Troops. 

A copy — Teste: 

CHARLES TAYLOR, C. M. C. 

At a Court continued and held for Montgomery County, on Wednes- 
day the fifth day of June, 1793: 

Present — Jaraes McCorkle, Daniel Trigg, John Taylor, Joseph Cloyi 
Thomas Shannon, Daniel Howe, George Pearis, James Barnett, Samuel 
Eason, John Kent, and James Craig, Gentlemen Justices. 

It appearing to the court that William Preston, late surveyor of this 
county, has accepted a Captain^s commission in the regular troops raised 
under authority of the Government of the United States, It is the opin- 
ion of the court that by his acceptance thereof, he was rendered incapa- 
ble of holding any lucrative office under this commission, and that the 
office of surveyor of this county is thereby vacant. 

To which opinion, John Taylor and James Barnett, Gentlemen, De- 
clared their dissent, and ordered that the same be entered. 

Absent — ^John Taylor & James Barnett, Gent'n. 

Ordered, that Gordan Cloyd be nominated to the President and Pro- 
fessors of William and Mary College as a proper person for surveyor of 
this county. 

Francis Preston, on behalf of William Preston, tendered a Bill of Ex- 
ceptions to the proceedings, which is signed and sealed by a majority of 
the court present; (which Bill follows on the fitlh day of June, 1793.) 

The Court took up the appointment of surveyor for the county of 
Montgomery', alledging th(i same to be vacated by the late principal sur- 
veyor, William Preston having accepted a Captain's commission in the 
Federal Troops, and procured the recommendation of another in his 
room; to which opinion, Francis Preston, in behalf of the said William 
Preston, objected — alledging that the said question was -'comm non 
Judice," as a former court had, by an order in the following words, te- 
cognized the said William as sui*veyor of the said county, and gi-unted 
him leave of absence: "on the motion of William Preston, the principal 
surveyor of this county, to have leave to absent himself from thfe county, 
It is the opinion of this Court that the said William should have per- 
mission to absent himself during his continuance in the Service of the 
United States as an officer of the Federal Troops"; which objections 
were overruled by the court to which opinion Francis, in behalf of the 
said William Preston, prayed the Benefit of these, his Exceptions, and 
that the same be signed & sealed. And the same are signed and sealed 
this da}', as above mentioned: James McCorkle, (seal); Daniel Trigg, 
(seal); John Kent, (seal); James Craig, (seal); George Pearis, (seal); 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEES. 401 



Tbomus Shannon, (seal); Jno. Taylor, (seal). He also prayed an appeal 1793. 
from the decision to the District court, which is refused by the court. June 5th 

A copy — Teste: 

CHARLES TAYLOR, C. M. C. 



Depositions of William Morriss. June 8th 

This day came before me one of the Justices of Eanhawa County and Kanawa Co. 
State of Virginia, Wm. Morris, Esq., and being duly sworn says: that 
by a letter from Capt. Caperton to said Morris, he listed two men to do 
duty at his mill ; after seeing Capt. Caperton and informing him two 
was not sufficient, he, the said Caperfon, ordered him to Inlist two raoi'o, 
which he accordingly did, viz: Rowland Wheeler, Nathan Wheeler, 
Richard New Jen, and William Prior, who faithfully discharged their 
duty to the best of his said Morris' Knowle<ige. After some short time 
came one of Capt. Caperton's under officers, If Remembered Right, of 
the name of Thompson, and told him Capt. Caperton Requested the 
names of the said men doing duty at the said Morris' mill, which names 
said Morris gave him. After some time Capt. Caperton ordered him, 
said Moms, to take off and give to the said men some of the publick 
lead which was lodged at said Morris' house. Likewise Informed the 
s'd Morris' that Col. Clendinen told Capt. Caperton no men need not 
come before him to be mustered ; that he Know of his own knowledge, 
that was the reason the men never attended to be mustered, two of the 
above men w^as soldiers the year before under Capt. J. Morris, and the 
whole of them lives in the count}'. Some short lime before Capt. Caper- 
ton went to the Assembl}* in the fall of '92, he informed said Morris' 
none of said men was on his Roll, and that Col. Donely and others was 
j)ut in in their places. By reason of their not being mustered, he had 
not got their names, to which the under officer, who stood by. Said that 
he brought the names of said men to Capt. Caperton from said Morris'. 
The men was shortly after at Elk to be mustered, but Col. Clendinen 
being then at Gallipolis, could not be done. Likewise said Caperton 
informed said Morris' that Col. Clendinen said it would make no odds, 
as he would put the said men on Capt. Morris* List. And these are the 
.same four men on the back of Capt. J. Morris' list. And further this 
Deponent Saith not. 

Sworn to before me this 8th day of Juno, 1793. 

LEONARD MORRISS. 



51 



402 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



^"^^S. Deposition of John Mobris8. 

June 8th The deposition of John Morriss, Jr.. taken before me. One of the 
Jubticen of Kanhuwa Countv, Saith: Mr. Wheeler, Sr., Owed him Seven 
Dollars, gave him a verbal order on Capt. Ca|>erton, he told me he could 
not salist}' me Until he saw Col. Clendinen Respecting Some Roll, I for- 
get which. The next time I saw Capt. Caperton, we got into some 
kind of trade on the above aceompt, and got from him One Dollar, I 
askeil him how I should pay it, he, the s'd Caperton, told me out of said 
order Wheeler gave me. Some time after having another trade with 
him. he told me he could not trade on the said Wheeler's accompt. The 
Deponent believes it was for reasons of not being mustered, and farther 
this deponent Sayeth not. 
Sworn to before me this 8th June, 1793. 

WILLIAM MORRISS. 



June 12th John Steele to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Greenbrier ^ arrived here ^'esterday from Ranawa, and it gives me pain to have 

Ck>urthoase to tell you, that on the 27th Ultimo, the Indians took a man from Belle- 
ville, who was plowing in the field; about the same time two of the 
party came to his Cabin, which stands about sixty yards from the 
station, one of them caught his wife near the door and fell to beating 
her with a war Club, while the other attempted to enter or look into the 
Cabin. At this instant the latter received a shot from the Fort at which 
the}' both fled, leaving the woman very much hurt but not endangered. 
They carried off two horses and four oxen, which were all the people 
had to plow and work their crops with. 

On the same day I inspected Captain Caperton*s Company at Fort 
Lee, (the mouth of Elk) found it nearly compleat, the men well armed 
and well calculated for the service. On the 30th, nominated James 
Van Bebber, at Point Pleasant, already a Lieutenant in the Militia, to 
take command in Lieutenant Mann*8 Detachment, with orders to enlist 
twenty men. On the first Instant, mustered two Sergeants, one Cor- 
poral, and twenty-one Privates, and gave him further orders to enroll 
four oi the inhabitants of Belleville. This I was induced to do in conse- 
quence of the loss they sustained on the 27lh Ult. I also appointed two 
there and two at the Point, On the fiUh instant, I detached from Cap- 
tain Ca|>erlon's Company, an officer. Serg*t, Corporal, and twelve privates 
for Belleville, to pix>lect a small remnant ot a number of very respec- 
table people who have been totally neglected by GovermnenU I also 



CALENDAB OP STATE PAPERS. 



sent a Sergemnt k s:x privates to the fon\ of Gauley on the State i\>aiK 
Eighteen miles from the first settlement on K&na«va, and foity<lhrei^ 
from the furthest in thiseonntry. It is a liitticult and dangenMiserossinjk? 
even at low water, the current rapid and troquently rises more than 
twenty feet. Travellers who happen there at such timo:<, ar\» plaue<) in 
a most perilous situation, as well from a want of sustenauoe, whieh often 
happens, as from the danger of being ^urprizeil by Indians, a cross will 
be made, and a canoe kept at the place for the advantage of Travellers. 
About thirty of Capt. Caperlon's Company are dispersoil among the 
inhabitants of Kanawa, above Elk — the remainder m Fort Lee. 

Lieutenant Mann is not yet ready to man*h : only seven of his men 
have appeared at this place. Ho is endeavi)ring to collect moro. When 
he gets twent\\ I will order him on to the Point with instructions to 
releive the Detachment at Belleville from his company. It will then be 
practicable to keep two parties of eighteen each constantly Patrolling| 
one from Fort Lee, the other from the Point. 

Col. Thos. Lewis has undertaken to superintend the whole of the busi- 
ness on the Ohio, and I flatter myself the best effects will result iVoni 
his exertions. The other Business with which I was ontrusteti I will 
report on when I come to Richmond, which will be ai early as possible. 
On the evening before I left Col. Clendincn's, Thomas Lo Mortier, one 
of the spies, shot an ludian thro, the bod^^ within half a mile of the 
Col's, on the road leading to VV. Clendincn's. It was supposed the 
wound would prove mortal. He was not found tho. search was still 
making for him. 

With every sentiment of respect, I have tho honor lo be, sir, 

Your very humble servant. 



400 

June l:^h 



J. Ambler, TaEASURER, to the Governor* 



June 13th 



Sir: 

The change made by tho 49th chapter of tho Acts of the last session Trc^asury 
of Congress in the rates at which certain foreign coins shall pass in the 
United States from and after the first day of next month, will occasion 
a deficiency in the amount of those coins which may remain in tho 
Treasury on that day. Some members of the Honorable Board will, I 
hope, do me the favour to attend here on the first of July, and ascer- 
tain the amount of the deficiency, in order that the Treasury may be 
duly credited for it. 

I am, sir, with great respect, 

Your Excel lencv's most obed't servanU 



4f>4 CALEXDAB OP STATE PAPERS 



17^1 Jamb^ Wood to the Gotvksob. 

Sir: 
iufMf 14th On my arriiral in the Mononiralia Distnet. I ioQo4 xhMZ C:kf-?jili 

I»wther. Eri«^ign Brown. !in«J En?»ii^ iHiviJrson bail n«'l eLJs^jfr^i ibn 
f^uoUL of men a^jfignfl to them. The two En«^!^!i'« •iTr^-i^OT'i i-j^^.t 
ap(Kiintnienti». and I nominated Johnathan Cobum and Biar:h\)v»'^ci<rv 
JenkinM to tiuecee*! iheni. Thos^e gentlemen have t-ompaeaied iIkt 
^inota ffince ihe men have l>een mnstciv<i. and are now in <«rrrkxr. \i 
thifi nomination should meet the apprriliation of* the £xe<.*utive. I fla:t«rr 
mynelf, they will Ik* commi$^ione<J aUer visiting all the expors^i par?* i>t' 
the Western lrr>ntier, reviewing the three Companies, and mostcnog 
Much of them an had not b«^en mu.<tered. I made the <li$po^ition wbsch 
will appear in the ineloned instnieiion^ given to Captain L«>wtber. tbo 
Senior officer in the district. The ifcoiiu which have been empioy^l -n 
the different parts of the Fnintier have great merit; they have tli^ 
covered and fired on neveral parties of Indians on their way to the Fn»n- 
tier at different times, & who immediatel}' retreated with precipitaliuD. 
and without doing any mischief. If my proceedings should be appr»;»Vi-<l 
by the Board, I shall think myself amply eompensate4i for my tn^uMt*. 

I have the honor to be with the greatest respect. Sir, 

YV mo. ob't Serv'i. 



Jane 14th Captain Jambs Wood's Instructions to Captain Wm. Lo^ther. 

Ohio, 28th May, 1793. 
Sir: 

From mv observations on the frontier of this district. 1 am con- 
firmed in my opinion that to afford the best protection to the Inhabi- 
tants, will be to have a respectable force Judiciousl}' posted on the banks 
of the Ohio; in order to effect this purpose, I have placed Lieut. Willis* 
Dotachmont of Captain Bogard*8 Company at Hollidays Cove, at the 
Mingo Bottom, and at the mouth of Shoal creek. Captain McCollock 
with his company will occupy the posts on the west bank of the Ohio, 
above the mouth of Wheeling, opposite the mouth of Grave creek, at 
the mouth of Fish creek, and at Martin's station at the mouth of Fish- 
ing creek. I wish it was in my power to establish a post at the mouth 
of middle Island, but as there is no Inhabitants, nor possibility of sub- 
sisting the men with convenience, I must be satisfied at present with 
posting twenty -five men at the mouth of the Little Kanawa — either 
Captain's Bogard, Ensign Coburn, or Ensign Jenkins must take post at 
this place. In your quarter, I hope the scouts already appointed with 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 405 



thirty men to be divided and posted at the mouth of Freeman's creek, at 1793. 
Salem, or at the mouth of Ten mile eroek, will be adequate; those small June 14th 
Detachments you will be pleased to Post immediately. A sergeant & 
ten men I think will be necessary in the Upper End of Tigris valley, 
an<l the same number in the Buchannan Settlement; those you will post 
in the manner you may suppose most likel}' to render service. I have 
nominated Johnathan Cohurn & Bartholomew Jenkins to succeed En- 
signs Brown and Davidson; they have both raised their quota of men, 
which will enable 3'ou to make the disposition I have mentioned, and 
which I trust will he made as soon as possible. With respect to the 
Detachment of your company at present commanded by Lieutenant 
Evans, I mean them to be posted in the most advantageous manner for 
the protection of the exposed prirts of Monongalia County; as there is 
no scouts employed on that Frontier at present, it will be necessary for 
Lieut. Evans to keep small Patrols constantly in his front— you will be 
pleased to direct him where to take post, and how to employ the men 
under his command. Ensign Morgan with his detachment is to Join 
Capt. McColloch's company on the Ohio, where he will receive his in- 
structions. You will be pleased to issue j'our orders for his imm«.diate 
march; the two scouts in the valley may be discharged so soon as you 
appoint two others, who are to be attached to the little Kanawa Station. 
To you as senior officer on this frontier, will be Contided the command, 
Ruperintendency, and direction of all the Posts within the district of 
Monongalia; and to you the Junior officers will be directed to make 
their reports, and to communicate all material occurrences which ma}' 
arise within their respective commands. As you are the officer on whom 
the responsibility will be fixed, you are to take your own station at the 
place which you may think most likely* to answer the objects of your 
command. A report of the state of the Frontier, and of the different 
Posts under your superintendoncy, you will make as frequently as op- 
portunities offer to Winchester, where your dispatches addres.Hed to the 
Governor will be forwarded by the Postinastur, Mr. George Norton; or 
if more convenient to you, forward them to the Post-master at Pitts- 
burgh, from whence there is a regular Post via Philadelphia to Rich- 
mond. Without the most urgent necessity you are to avoid the expencc 
of Expresses, as none will be paid by the Public, but when the urgency 
of the case will fully Justify the imployment of them. 

If in the course of service any of the voluntier militia under your 
command, should receive wounds which would require a surgeon, you 
will procurt^ the best assistance that can be had — the expence attending 
which will be paid by the Public. 

I have the hon<^ to he with real esteem, Sir, 

Y'r Ob't Servant. 



406 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 



June 16th 
Norfolk 



Thomas Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 

Sir: 

By a proclamation Just rec'd from Cbarleston, there is reason to 
apprehend a kind of plague prevails in the Winward Islands of the W. 
Indies. As I did not hear from 3'our Exc'y, I exchanged two four-pourni 
iron guns for two three-pounders of hrass, which are good artillery 
pieces for the field and worth four or six of the others, whicli I hope 
raay be approved of. 

Copy of the proclamation: 

S. Oai-olina, June 8, 179.1 
By his Exc'y W. Moultrie, &c.: 

Whereas it appeal's to me from credible information that a pesti- 
lential disease hath been lately prevalent in ihe Island of Grenada and 
other Windward Islands in the West Indien, in order therefore to piv- 
vent the said disorder from being introduced into this State fi-om any of 
the s'd Islands, enjoining all pilots & who shall boanl ve.ssels coming 

from those places to come to and remain for examination to be 

made into the State of the health of their crews, by Physicians of the 
port. 

I thought it my duty to give you this information, as we have some 
acc*ts of the same kind, but not authentick. The British Fleet wan at 
Barbadoes the 28th ulto., & had made no attempt on Martinique. 



I am, 



Y'r Exc^y's obt Scrv't. 



Jane 22d 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 



Sir: 
Norfolk I have procured a Boat & hands to cruise between Williamsburg 

point to speak vessels coming in from places infected with pestilential 
diseases, this boat and Crew will stand about five dollars p'r daj' wages. 
I shall take a cruise in her the first trip& endeavour to set all right. A 
due representation shall be made of all that passes here, but from j^our 
instructions I am at a loss to know whether vessels coming fi-oin the 
places mentioned in the proclamation are to perform quarantine; if the 
crew sh'd be health}^ a few days w*d determine the case, & if a discre- 
tionary power was given to discharge vessels in live or ten days, it might 
answer every purpose intended. 

Doctors Taylor & Hansford will attend the examination of all eases 
when necessary; two men died here out of one vessel from Richmond* 
the Capt'n & Mate. The former in a fit of frenzy Jumped out of a Gar- 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



ret window and killed himself, the latter with a common bilious eom- 
phiint. Every precaution shall be taken to prevent a communication of 
the disease from foreign places; a vessel from Cadiz brings an acc't of 
Valenciennes having surrendered, A that the crews of the Spanish Fleet 
were very sickly; be pleased to send y'r opinion relative to the courts 
martial, without it we shall have no militia. 

I am, 
Yt Exc'y's Ob*t Serv't. 



407 

1793. 
June 22d 



M. Bos WELL TO THE GOVERNOR. 



Sir: 



I have rec'd your letter of the 5th instant, resj)ecting the neutrality 
w'ch the President has declared in behalf of the United States, towards 
all the Belligerent powers, and the measures necessary for us to pursue in 
order to observe it inviolate. I shall pay strict attention to the instruc- 
tions contained in your letter, and as far as depends upon me, no vigi- 
lance or caution shall be wanting to carry them into full effect; viewing 
it not only as my duty as an officer of the Government, but also as the 
best interest of the citizens of these States, to observe a strict neutrality. 
I have doubts whether I can exercise the duties of my office till I receive 
a new com mission, and the court has nominated the officers for the 
militia agreeable to the last law & your directions. I immagine the clerk 
has not sent forward the nomination. I am the senior officer under the 
old establishment, but my commission runs for the militia of Gloucester. 
Should there be an^* impropriety (in your opinion) in my acting in the 
cases you have mentioned, should they arise within my county, before 
1 receive another commission, you will please to inform me, as I shall 
pursue the instructions in your letter, until I hear from you. 

I have the honor to be, very Respectfully, Sir, 

Your most ob*t h'ble Servant. 



June 22d 



Mathews 



Thos. Mifflin, Governor of Pennsylvania, to the Governor of June 23d 

Virginia. 



Sir: 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's 
letter of the 17th instant, intimating a wish that the militia employed 
on the western frontier of Pennsylvania might be directed to take post 
on the Ohio, in order to cooperate with the arrangements which have 
been made by Gen'l Wood under the authority of Virginia, for the pro- 



Phila- 
delphia 



408 CALENDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. ttction of (ho Districri of Monongalia. You will perceive by the enclosed 
June 23cl copy of the Act of the Geneial Asseinbly of this common wealth, for 
raising the corps to which your Excellency alludes, that the companies 
composing it are to he employed in the respective counties, at such .sta- 
tions as the respective Brigadier Generals shall Judge proper. I have 
therefore communicated your proposition to the Brigadier General of 
Washington county with a desire that he will accede to it, if it is deemed 
consistent with the general trust reposed in him by the Legislature. 

1 am with the sincerest respect and esteem, sir, 

Your Excellency's most obed. & most H*ble Serv't. 

**An Act to pi'ovidc for the defence of the frontiers of the common- 
weal th.** 

Section I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in General Assembly met. and 
it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the Governor 
shall engage for the term of six months, unless sooner discharged, a 
number of active and experienced riflemen of the militia of this Com- 
monwealth, not exceeding one hundred and Sixty-two non-commissioned 
officers and privates; and he shall organize the men to be engaged into 
three companies, and each company shall consist of one Captain and one 
Lieutenant to be ap|M>inted and commissioned b}' the Governor, four 
Sergeants and tit\y privates to be engaged as aforesaid: provided always, 
nevertheless — and it is hereby further enactei!. That it the slate of the 
Frontier shall be such as in the Judgement of the Governor to require 
the continuance of tlie s:iid three companies in the service of the com- 
monwealth, after the expinition «)t the said terra of six months, ii shall 
be lawful for him to continue the same acconlinjjlv until the raeeiinir <>t 
the Legislature next ensuing the expiration i>f the said term of six 
months or for any shorter perio<l. 

Section IL And bi» it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That 
the following disposition and arrangement of the said tbreo c^oipanio 
shall be carrieil into effect, unless the Governor shall hereafter see cau^e 
to alter the same and ijive directions accordinijly — that is to say. one of 
the companies shall be employeil in protecting the frontiers of the 
county of Wesimoi*eland; another of the companies» shall be employoi 
in protecting the fn>ntiers of the ctHinty ot WasbingtoD, and the re> 
maining company shall be employed in protecting the frontiei^ i>t* the 
county of Alleghany; and the county Lieutenant or brigadier^G^neraly 
as the case may be. of the pro|K*r county, shall station the eom|iany to 
be employed in protecting the same, as aforesaid, at sach places anti in 
such pix>portion.s as in his Judgement sh&ll be best calettlai«:d fi>r that 
purpose. 

Section IIL And be it further enacted by the antboritv aforasaid. 
That the pay of the militia raised by virtue of \bm Act, shall be as ^ 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 409 



lows: tftiat is to day — the pay of each captaia shall he tweaty-dve dot- 17^ 
lars per month; ot each Lieuteoant. twenty dolia» per month; of each June :^ 
Sei^eant. eight dollar? per month : and ot each private, Six dollars and 
sixty -seven cents per month ; and each ot the county Lieutenants atbre- 

said shall receive twentv dollars in full for the service rendered bv him 

•i « 

in parsnance of this Act. 

Section IV. And be it further enacteil bv the authoritv aforesaid. 
That a sum not exceeding fourteen thousand dollars be appropriated tor 
carrying into effect the objects of this law, and providing the necessary 
arms and ammunition; which sum shall be paid by the State Treasurer 
upon the Warrants of the Governor out of the funds hereinalter speci- 
fied, and an account ot the disbursements thereof or of any part thereoi, 
shall be laid bv the (iovemor before the General Assemblv at the next 
ensuing Session. 

Section V. And be it further enacteil by the authority aforesaid. 
That any and every sum and sums of money which shall remain in the 
fund created by militia fines and the arrearages thereof, after defray- 
ing the militia defences on such fund chargeil^ and chargeable by law, 
together with the monies arising from the Loan office established in the 
year One thousand seven hundred and Eighty -five, shall be, and hereby 
are appropriated for defraying the expences necessary to carry this act 
into operation, and such other expences as may at an}* time be incurred 
by calling into actual service the militia necessary for the defence of the 
frontiers, and the deficiency of the fund thus constituted, if any, shall bo 
supplied out of the aggregate fund, or in case of a surplus, the same 
shall be carried to and become a part of the aggregate fund. 



Arthur Campbell to the Governor. June 24th 

Sir: 

The S. W. Inhabitants both m Virginia and the Territory, were Wa§hington 
lately* flattered with the near prospect of peace. Now appearances are 
reversed, thro' cither sonie unadvised order of Governor Blount, or the 
rush and inhuman conduct of a Militia CupUiin, who, on the 12th 
instant, about sunrise, with forty men, attacked a friendly Cherokee 
town, Killed eleven chiefs and warriors, wounded the Head man of the 
Nation, to-wit: Squollecutlah and his daughter, and Killed his wife 
while in the act of imploreing forhcarance and professing hor invari- 
able friendship fur the while people. Major King, an Agent of Governor 
Blount, and who has formed a connection with the Chief's Daughter, 
was in his house when attacked, and only saved his life by Jumping out 
of a window. Mr. Orr and Mr. Carmichall, two American Traders of 
repute, was in the Town and was fired at ah they were making their 

escape. One Roseberry. another American, who had an Indian wife and 

52 



410 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. a small family is killed. 1 mention these particulars to show how repre- 
June24th hensible the attempt was for to lead undisciplined men, and most of 
them injured by the Indians, to execute Justice in a summary way. 
Captain Baird's story is: ''That Indians had done damage near Knox- 
ville by Killing a man and a Boy and carrying off near 20 Horses. 
That he received written orders from Governor Blount to go at the 
head of 50 miliiia men, take the Indian's foot-steps and purbue them 
until he overtook them. They first made across Clinch river, then took 
a couree northwardly; atler some days march, they tacked about and 
made towards the Tennessee, and in searching tor the Enemy he be- 
lieved they were then in the Village he attacked." The fact is otherwise, 
they passed it and no doubt with design the day before, John Watts, 
with one hundred warriors were encamped about one mile from the vil- 
lage that was attacked, the first sent a scout on horse back to know the 
true cause of the firing, who, on his return, reported the number of the 
whites to be more than double than they really were, this induced 
them to proceed cautiously, which give Baird time to got across the 
Tennessee Just as the Indians reach 'd the opposite bank. Watts, with 
some other chiefs of the lower Towns, were so far on their way going to 
Philadelphia to make peace. 

This aggression of our people has put an end to this salutary project, 
and he has returned to the lower towns greatly exasperated and threaten- 
ing revenge. I have been thus particular, that your Excellency may 
comprehend the subject and be informed as early a« possible of an event 
that will no doubt give fresh disturbances to the Virginia frontier. In- 
closed is the recommendation of the court of Washington for militia 
officei's. The necessity of the militia being organized and put in a 
capacity for real service seems urgent, especially should the whole of the 
Cherokees become our enemies, as is now generally expected. 

I am, sir. 

Your most obedient servant. 

June 25th. P. S. — Governor Blount set out for Philadelphia with his 
family by way of North Carolina, a few days after Baird was sent in 
pursuit of the Indians; he was to have proceeded slowly, to enable 
Major King to overtake him with the chiefs at the Moruvian Towns. 

The Secretary who now presides in the Territory is a good natured 
man, and the people will do as they please. I am just informed of 
another i*e-encounter with the Indians near the Tennessee, in which our 
people was worsted. I have wrote Capt. Lewis about the situation oi" 
matters in the Territory, and promised to forward the intelligence to 
Richmond. The bearer iv^ on his way to Bedford on his own business, 
and I have advised him to hire an express from thenco, if a direct oppor- 
tunity does not offer. Hoping these will reach 3'ou before Capt. Craig 

sets out from Town. 

A. C. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 411 



Edm. Randolph, Attorney-General of the United States, to the 1793, 

Governor. 

Sir: 

When your Excellency did me the honor of requesting my assist- June 24th 
ance in the suit brought Dy the Indiana Company against the state of Richmond 
Virginia, f had undertaken a suit against the state of Georgia. This 
circumstance disabled mc from engaging in the denial of Jurisdiction in 
the supremo Court; Nor could I well oppose the merits of the claim — 
having once advocated them before the* house of delegates in the year 
1779. If however you should think proper to require my services in 
maintaining that the decision of the General Assembly is final and con- 
clusive, I am so well persuaded of the truth of the position, that I shall 
enter into this branch of the defence with great cordiality. 

Permit me to request your Excellency to instruct the Attorney-Gene- 
ral to arrange with me or Mr. Hopkins the statement which is to be laid 
before the supreme court of the United States at their next session, con- 
cerning the certificates granted to Beaumarchais. I find from a letter 
to the secretary of the Treasury that this was agreeable to the Execu- 
tive of Virginia. 

1 have the honor, Sir, to be with great respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't Serv*t. 



Charles Little, Lieutenant-Colonel of Militia, to the Governor. June 26th 

Sir: 

I have the honor of transmitting to your Excellency the list of offi- Danbury 
cers recommended by Fairfax Court to Compleat two Battalions of In- 
fantry for the county. We have laid of the divisions, and I have ordered 
the Captains and officei's commanding Company s to in roll and muster 
their men immediately, and to make exact returns to me by the 15th 
day of July, that I may be able to ascertain with precision the number 
of our militia. I am now of opinion that we shall have more men than 
is wanted to fill up the two Battalions, the company of Cavalry and artil- 
lerj'. I have good reason to beleivc there is publick arms in the hands of 
Individuals itf Alexandria; how are they to be obtained? 

I have been told of a circular letter from your Excellency has been 
sent to the commanding ofticers of the militia, but none such has reached 
this county. I hope by the United exertions of the officera, that we 
shall have our militia on a very Respectable footing in a short time. 

I am with all due respect, 

Your Excellency's obed't & vory Humble Serv't. 



412 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. A. Lewis to the Governor. 

Sir: 
June 26th On yesterday I bad my company mustered. The men being so long 

Fort Lee in service, could not well do without money, have got scarce of cloatb- 
ing, & hope as they entered the service, as soon as enlisted they will 
draw pay as inrolled ; on the day we were discharged from the last year's 
Service, the greater part of them were enlisted. I could then do nothing 
with them but send them to the Garrison, & so soon as a person wuk 
authorised to muster them, those then enlisted were mustered. You 
will find two scouts more enrolled than were allowed a company, which 
1 hope the Executive will not blame me for; at that lime the frontiers 
being so weak & much alarmed, to keep these from leaving their homes, 
I was obliged to increase the number of scouts to Eight — two of which 
are on the roll; they two that Served in the valley, as they could not 

be mustered by , have only a certificate for their service. They 

were musteivd by Capt. Neel at the End of service, for so soon as part 
of Captain Hawkins' company came into service, I discharged them, k 
from the 25th this month have four. I have appointed two for the New 
Garden to serve at their own risk, until I hear from you. Capt^iin Haw- 
kins* four are employed in the valley; two of mine from the Garrii>on 
on Stony Creek or Rye Cove; two from Fort Lee. Capt. Crockett im- 
ploys two from Lincolnshire, & two from the stone. From Lincolnshii^e 
to Fort Lee is nearly six miles where no scouts now act, which causes 
the people in that bounds to complain. I hope when you see the neces- 
sity of the two in the Garden, that they may be continued; certain 1 
am that had not my company been in service, that county from the New 
Garden ^to they lower settlements would have suffered, for every part of 
the frontier unprotected lost lives or property. 

No late sign has been seen, but am afraid a late piece of conduct of 
an officer from the Territory will bring us into business, on some mis- 
cheif being done. 

A Captain Baird was ordered out by the Governor, with fi ft}* hoi"S6- 
men to follow to the Tennessee, if he could not overtake them before; 
he did not overtake them, but when reached the Tennessee, letl ten of 
his men with the horses, crossed the river in the night, & fell on the 
Hanging Maw's Town, s'd to be a friendly Indian, & killed twelve — the 
balance run of without making any resistance. Capt. Nci;^, with seven 
men, went to look for Indians; went below the Cumberland ti*ace; fell 
on the sign of a party going out to hunt; followed them some days. At 
length, early in the morning, ca no so near their camp as to hear their 
dogs and children; & while consulting, as every man was his own com- 
mander, the Indians discovered them, & then they retreated without 
firing a Gun. In the retreat they lost one man & one wounded. If you 
have no objections, I wish on the first of September, with about forty 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 413 



men, to strike the Head of Kentucky and go down it as far as the 1793. 
three Porks, where the Southern Indians pass going to and from the re- June 26th 
leif of the Northern tribes. At that season we will be pretty certain of 
falling in with them, & If I can take the advantage of them — as troops 
in that place will be unexpected, I can beat them, however will rest it 
with your consent. In paying of the Draughted militia ordered from 
Washington, I found an imposition which I in some measure detected. 
Instead of 12 men from Washington going into service, they were let of, 
and men that had families living in the valley were enrolled, & never 
did one hour's duty; some ot them I paid before I knew where they 
lived, but as soon as I discovered it, I detained their pay — which was 
twenty pounds. If you direct them to be paid, I shall do so; if not, I 
stand indebted for so much recM from the state. I think to pay such 
men as have families exposed, & would be obliged to Guard them, & pre- 
venting others from coming to their assistance, seting a bad example, 
however have enclosed they receipt; but I consider myself acting in 
l>ehalf of the state, & to pay them money for no service done, would be 
wrong. So long as I am conscious that I have discharged my duty, they 
repi'oaches of they people I have disregarded. I suppose there never 
was a company in service better pleased with their pay than they under 
my command for the year 1792; only those above mentioned, and they 
cannot themselves say that it's Just they should be paid. They public 
letters sent to they different captains from the Executive to prevent 
they companies going into service, I was obliged to imploy Express, & 
they different routs he went amount to about four hundred miles. Mr. 
Kent will present the receipt for they delivery of them, as they person 
wants his money; also hope they amount of my pay-roll to be delivered 
to Mr. Kent. 

I am with respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't Servant. 



June 26th, 1793, 
A. Lewis, Dr., 

To the State of Virginia: 

To one hundred weight of Gun powder rec'd in Richmond 
by mistake and sold by order of the Executive for cost & 
carriage, - - - - - . -£800 

To cash rec'd & not paid out for reasons assigned in m}* letter 

to the Governor of this date, - - - - - 20 



£28 

The above sum is in my hands which is to be deducted out of my pay 
roll or apply'd as your Honorable Body may think proper. 

A. LEWIS. 



414 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 




Served : 


June 26th 




M. 


Days. 




Jacob Hangar, 




11 




John Lawlers, 




16 




Philip Goodman, 




15 




Adam Ely, 




4 




John Her, 




3 




Jacob Eoman, 




3 




Abraham Wilnon, 




3 




Adam Hunt, 




6 




Edward Mobly, 




2 




James Claughlon, 




2 




Irwin Cawood, 




2 




John Taumer, 




2 



£. s. d. 



2 5 


10 


2 11 





1 15 


10 


5 3 


8 


1 16 


6 


1 16 


6 


1 16 


f) 


2 





1 15 


4 


1 15 


4 


1 15 


4 


1 15 


4 


26 10 


10 



The within men are Drafts from the county of Washington, cntillcti 
to their pay under Lieut. Wi Hough b3', for the jear '92, whose dis- 
charges has never been produced to me. 

A. LEWIS. 

Sept. 12th, 1793. 



June 27th David Ross to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Richmond After the reduction of York by the combined arms of America & 

France, I furnished three ships to the commander-in-chief to transport 
the troops from York to the head of Elk, together with the Artillery, 
Baggage, &c. The Ships were the Cormorant, originally a British ship 
of war; the Oliver Cromwell, originally an American ship of war; the 
Queen Charlotte, originally a French Packet, all of them prizes to the 
French fleet under the command of the Count de Grace, from whom I 
purchased the two first for this State, aud the last mentioned for myself. 
I am uncertain if any charge Wiis ever made on the Agents books 
against the Continent for the two State ships, if there was not, a charge 
ought now to be made. I never received any payment or certificate for 
the other, and if it can with propriety be introduced into the acc*t of 
the state against the Continent, the state will no doubt acc't with and 
pay me the sum allowed. As you are in the habit of corresponding with 
Mr. Davis, will you be so obliging as to make this communication. The 
Cormorant & Oliver Cromwell were large ships; the Queen Charlotte a 
small ship; she carried Gen. Hazen & 250 Troops, the othei two carried 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



three or tour times the number. I can prove that the service was per- 
formed and the officers of the army will remember it. As to the value I 
cannot ascertain it, but it may be easily fixt at Philadelphia, and it 
ought to be remarkt that the hire of ships at that time was four times 
as much as 'lis at present. Looking over some old papers brought this 
transaction to my mind. 

I have the honour to be, with great regard, 

Your hum. servant. 

I have sent copy of Gen. Hazen's certificate for the same purpose by 
the Queen Elizabeth. 



415 

1793. 
June 27th 



John Smith to the Governor. 



June 27th 



Sir: 

May it please your Excellency enclosed is a copy of an order of the Accomack 
worshipful court of the county of Accomack, recommending me to the '"^ ^ 

office of Sheriff of the said county, as I am first mentioned in the said 
order. It being at present exceedingly inconvenient for me to wait 
upon your Excellency in order to oblain a commission for the purpose 
aforesaid, I beg you will condescend to make out and deliver to Mr. 
Samuel Russell, the bearer hereof,' a commission agreeable to the tenor 
of the order enclosed. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most obedient humble servant. 

At a court held in Accomack County, June the 25th, 1793: 

Ordered that John Smith, John Burton, and William Downing, Gent., 
be recommended to his Excellency the Governor of this commonwealth 
as fitting persons, one of whom to be appointed sheriff for this county. 



A copy — Teste: 



LITTLETON SAVAGE, C»lk. 



William Courtney to the Governor. 



Sir: 



There is a man in this neighborhood who calls himself Philip Sulli- 
van, and says he was a soldier belonging to the Virginia line; that he 
has a considerable sum of money to draw out of the office, and also 60 
dollars a year as an invalid. He says ho wishes to settle in this county, 



June 28th 



Hills- 
borough 



416 

1793. 
June 28th 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

and tor that purpose has made application to rae to draw his money by 
a power of attorney. 1 did not know how far credit might bo given to his 
information. He then requested me to write to 3'our Excellency, who 
would inform me of the matter and tb<^ method requisite to serve him in 
this case. He says he was at the office lately, and you were apprehensive 
if he drew the money himself he might be robbed on the Road, but that 
you gave him three silver dollars to pursue his Journey. 

I am with Esteem, &c. 

Endorsed on the above is the following by Gov, Lee: 

Mr. W. Marshall will oblige me & see by examining whether there is 
among the late continental pensioners such a man as is named in this 
letter. 



Sir: 



There is no such man named in the list of pensioners in this office. 

SAML G. ADAMS, 
For WM. MARSHALL, 



June 28th 



Dumfries 



(fBORUE Lank. Goalek, to the Governor and Council. 

Gentlemen: 

On the night of the 26th instant, two prisoners confined in 
the District Goal, (George Goi-don and Philip Fry), with the assistance 
of some person unknown to me. broke the same, and made their escape. 
I have transmitted to you copies of the record by which ihcy were 
imprisoned, and roquest you'll be pleased to inform me what is necessary 
to be done in this business. 

I am, Gentlemen, your ob't bumble servant. 



At a District Court held at Dumlries, the 11th day of May, 1793: 

Philip Frye, lalo of the Parish of Fairfax and county ol Fairfax, 
labourer, who stands indicted of a misdemeanor, was le<l to the bar in 
custody of the keeper of the Public Tioal, and thereupon arraigned, and 
plead not Guilty to the Indictment, and for his trial put himself u)K)n 
God and the country-; & thereupon came a Jury, to-wit: George Chap- 
man, John Hunter, Phillip Dorrell, John Rickett, John Simpson, Thomas 
Sangster, Aaron Simpson, Joseph Simpson, Richard Ratcliffe, Fi*anois 
Ratcliffe, Francis Coffer, Jesseo Moore, and William Simpson, who being 
duly elected, tried and sworn the truth of and upon the premises to 
speak, and having heard the evidence, upon their Oath, do say that the 
said Philip Frye is guilty of the misdemeanor aforesaid, in manner and 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, 417 

form as id tbo Indictment against him is alleged, and tbd said Pbilip 1793. 
Frye prays that Judgement on the verdict aforesaid may be arrested Jiine28tb 
and stayed for the following reasons: 1st, because it is not stated in the 
Indictment that the said Pbilip Frye did feloniously take and I'eceive 
the goods therein mentioned; 2d, because the Jury ought to have 
assessed the fine, which they have not done; 3d, because it is not stated 
in the Indictment that the principal felons or either of them, who are 
stated to have stolen the Goods in the Indictment, had been convicted 
thereof; 4th, because the said Indictment is informal and insufficient. 
But because the Court here are not advised of their opinion on the mat- 
ters of law arising on the errors in arrest of Judgement this day filed, 
they do adjourn the same to the next General Court, to be held in the city 
of Richmond, on account of the novelty and difficulty of the case; and it is 
ordered that the said Philip Frye may enter into a recognizance in this 
Court or before any two Justices of the County of Prince William him- 
self, in the sum of fifty pounds, and two securities in the sum of twenty- 
five pounds each, to be void on condition that the said Philip Frye do 
appear here on the fii'st day of the next Court and receive the Judge- 
ment of the said Court, and he is remanded to Jail until he shall give 
such security. 

A Copy: 

G. BROOKE, C. D, C. 

George Gordon, late of ne Parish ot Fairfax, and county of Fairfax, 
labourer, who stands indicted of a misdemeanor, was led to the Bar in 
custody of the keeper of the public Jail, and thereof arraigned, and 
pleaded not guilty to the Indictment, and for his trial put himself upon 
God anri ihecountry ; and thereupon camea Jury, lo-wit: George Chapman, 
Philip Dorrell, John Hunter, John Rickett. Thomas Sangster, Joseph 
Simpson, Richard Ratcliffe, Jessee Mooro, Francis Montgomerie, Wil- 
liam Davib, Aaron Simpson, John Jackson, who being elected, tried and 
sworn the truth of and upon the premises to speak. & having heard the 
evidence, upon their Oath, do say that the said George Gordon is guilty 
of the misdemeanor aforesaid, in manner & form as in the Indictment 
against him is alleged; Therefore it is considered by the court that the 
said George Gordon be remanded to Goal untill he shall enter into a 
recognizance either in this Court or before two Justices of the County of 
Prince William himseifjn the sum of fitty pounds, and two securities in 
the sum of twenty-five pounds each, to be void on condition that the said 
George Gordon be of Good behavior for twelve months from this day. 

A Copy: 

G. BROOKE, C. D. C. 



58 



Clinch 



418 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



^''^' Ro. Cbockett to the Goternob. 

Sir: 
June2StL >£v in*struetioii.s from the Exccuiivc of the 25lh of December, sav^ 

r-ntw^i?^ thai the pay of the officers aixl -ytl'lien* was to commence six day^ l:»efore 
the day of muster. I therefore con«ii*Ierc*J the comnieneement ot pay 
depended on the day ol mll^ter. hap]H.*n when it would: however. Capl. 
Lewis seem^ lo he of a ditfereiil «»piniuii. He expects the}- will draw 
pay from the tirst of March — that beinij the time it was snp|>ose»l the 
companies would have been called into Service. I would thank your 
Excellency for advice upon the subject. Since Governour Blount set 
out for Philadelphia, a party of Indians came on the frontiers of the 
Territory' and kille<i a man and a Boy: in consequence of which, a com- 
pany of men were raised, consist inir ol thirty or forty soldiers. They 
pursued the villains to one ot their Towns, where ihey killed ten or 
twelve persons, such as they tonnd in their small villazres. 

The Double Head (& noted warrior. ? & the old " Hanging Maws'' wife, 
is said to be found amongst the dead. & the old fellow himself wounded 
in one of his arms. The whites immediatelv retreated. & about tiftv 
Indians collected & pursued our people, iho' I have not heard the event. 
It is probable it will produce a (ycneral war with the Cherokees. 

Since my company has been out. peace and quietness seems to reign 
on this part of the fnjntier. tho* the people in the New Garden. (Russell 
county ), would have removed had not Capt. Lewis appointed t'.vo scouts 
for their protection; which, together witb Eight men. is \i Expect') all 
the assistance they can get this summer. 

Sir. I am with great Respect & Esteem. 

Your Excellencv's ob't Servant. 



JnneiJOth Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Washington Last week, by Capt. Findlay. I forwanled the Second Recommenda- 

tion of militia officers for this county. In the same letter, I mentioned 
the attack of a Capt. BainI on a pcaeealde Town of the Cherokees, and 
the murders he there comrnilled: latterly I am informed that the In- 
dians have been spoke lo on the subject, and that they have agreed to 
defer taking revenge, until an answer is obtained from the President of 
the United Stales. 

By letters from Lee coiuuy. we learn that Captain Hawkins' company 
is there in good onier. and recruited lo its full compliment of fine young 
men. But by the urgent Solicitation of the Inhabitants, they have to 
do duty at four different posts. This makes them weak at any one, so 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



419 



that if the Indians visit them in force, they may not be a match for 
them. The Capt. is aboui erecting a stockade near Cumberland Gap, 
but the situation made choice of is not the best; vvh}' it is so, or by 
whose orders, 1 do not learn. It will be unfortunate if some settlors 
should mislead! thro' importunities. 

I am, sir, Respectfully, 

Your most obedient Servant. 



1793. 
June 30th 



Jesse Brown's Petition to the Governor and Council. 

To his Excellency, the Governor & the hon'ble council of Virginia: 

The petition of Jesse Blown, in behalf of himself & a considerable 
number of freeholders of the county of Mecklenburg, humbly sheweth, 
That the Grand Jury at Mecklenburg May Court, did present about 
300 freeholders for not voting at the election of a member of Congress 
in March, & about 200 freeholders for not voting at the election of Dele- 
gates in April — the whole number of presentments amounting to 510. 

It would be tedious for your Excellency to attend to the variety of 
reasons which caused your petitionei*H to subject themselves to present- 
ment, suffice it to say that the generality of them asTarmeii* & Planters 
were either themselves or their Horses so particulai'ly employed they 
could not attend the Election without manifest injury to their crops. 
Many of your petitioners living at considerable' distance from the C't 
House, might say that they had a wife & numerous family to support, 
and only himself to labour; othei*s that they did not know of the elec- 
tion in March; & lastly, as the law had not heretofore been put in force, 
your petitioners did not think it would now have been given in charge 
to the Grand Jury. Your petitioners do therefore humbly pray that 
your Excellency will be pleased to take such steps as in your wisdom 
may be thought proper to liberate them from their fines <& contingent 
expences, assuring your Excellency that the late presentments will in 
future serve to admonish them of their duty & they will not again 
infringe the law, unless compelled by dire necessity. When your peti- 
tioners reflect that the Grand Juries ot no adjacent County have inforced 
the law% they are induced to hope for the interference of your Excellency ; 
& your petitioners as in duly bound will ever pray, &c., &c. 



June 30th 

Mecklen- 
burg 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Your Exc'y's letter of the 28th I received; nothing further has 
occurred relative to the pestilential disorder raging in Grenada, but from 
report great numbers have died. If anything turns up I will immedi- 



June 30th 



Norfolk 



420 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. ately inform. The Exchange of the cannon being approved, I will pro- 
June 30tb ceed immediately to have them mounted. I have rec'd a carriage for 
the nine-pounder, with wheels & much of the iron work wanting, it will 
be mounted as soon as it can be drilled and put in order for service. 
Some three-pound balls & cannister shot are wanting for the brass pieces. 
Your circular letter of the 8th I received, and will attend to it. 

I am, 

Y'r Exc'yV Ob't H'ble Servant. 

100 nine-pound ball are also rec'd. 



July let Wm. Davies to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Phila- On this day the General Board delivered to the Secretary of the 

delphia Treasury their papers, and on Saturday last they left with the Secretary 
of State their report under cover to the President of the United State>. 
The particulars are not published, but Mr. Langdon (one of the Board) 
tells me Virginia would have been a considerable gainer were it not for 
her present increased ratio of representation, which makes her a tJebior 
state for a small sum. Gen. Irvine informs mo that Virginia would have 
been a creditor State by more than two millions of Dollars wei-e it not 
for her increased representation, but that at present she stands nearly 
balanced, at least not more than 100,000 Dollars' Debtor. I am told 
that New York is the greatest debtor & Connecticut the greatest credi- 
tor State. Having now closed m}* public business, an<l I hope to the 
satisfaction of my country, T shall set out on Monday next. It is only 
one week since the Board gave me leave to withdraw the public booki? 
that I had furnished them. I have been & still am busy in making 
such a distribution of them as will he most eas}- to refer to them upon 
their return. 

I beg leave to enclose you my account and of my young man, who is 
now discontinued, tho' I should have been releived by his assistance a 
few days longer. I have also to ask £25 in advance for contingencies, 
for all which I shall draw as soon as I can, tho' I doubt of my being 
able to dispose of a bill. 

I have the honor, with great Respect to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's Most Obe't Servt. 

Wm. Davies, for - - . - £125 

James Murray, - - - - 25 

Conting't Account, - - - - 25 



£175 or 583 33 Dollars. 



CALEKDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 421 



The ComroonwemlUi ei Virgi'idA, \7Si%. 

To Jjumefi Mnrraj, I>t, iTn^j- 1« 

For services from tlie firsat 4imj ^Gf April to the 3^h day <>f June, in 
Col. William DaTies' oAeie, for ftetling ber cbutss agaiTif^ tl>« 
United States, ---.--. £2S 



JAMBS MURRAY. 

Pay the above to Cd. Wiiliaiii Davies' order. 

JAMfiS MURRAY 



John Stbelb to the Goterivor. with Encloscrbsl. Jvlyd^) 

Sir: 

On the 18th ultimo. I directed two spies to be appointe>it to Guard Rklimowid 
the Frontiers to the west wan! of Walkers' meadows, and ordered the 
enlistment of six expert woodsmen to be stationed in Stn>wd's settle- 
ment, to be under the immediate direction of Mr. Joseph Mays, who 
lives there. On the 19th. I mustered Mr. Mann*s Detachment at Lewis 
burg, consisting of Eleven present f.nd six gone down Elk to Join at the 
Boat-3'ard; Gave him orders to march immediately for the Points, and 
to take the hest measures he could for compleating his quota to the 
number of twenty-five. These with those mentioned in mv letter of the 
12th ult. (which I presume you have received), comprehend all my 
transactions under the authority of jour lettei's of the 30th ApM. The 
numbers falls considerably short of that allowed, and I flaltor myself 
will be found equal to the object. However, it coincides with the opin- 
ion and I may say the wish of those whom I have consulted in that 
countr}'. and who perhaps are best acquainted with its situation. 1 have 
brought on Captain Caperton*s Rolls, & not so compleat as 1 could wish 
owing to a neglect of mine. I have slated on a separate paper the best 
information 1 could derive a^ to the service of Captain Morriss' com* 
pan3\ I will submit to your inspection copies of my letters of instruo- 
lions to the officers; on perusing them, you will be able to say how 
far my conduct meets with your approbation. Enclosed is a letter fVom 
Col. Lewis, which proves how rightly you Judged with respect to the 
hostile intentions of the Savages. 

With great Respect I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient, Humble Servant. 



422 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Point Pleasant, June 5th, 1793. 

D'rSir: 

July 2d The day after you lel'i this, two men from Bellville oanio Ijeiv 

Point to see what protection ivould he allowed for that station with the airrw- 
Pleasant . 

ahle newH of the return of Mr. Daniel Sherwood, who was taken by thi* 

Indians — the manner of his escape with other particulai's, 1 refer you to 

Mr. Knox. 

The principal reason of my writing you at this time is in behalf ot 
Mr. Sherwood, that he may be allowed the same privilege of the others 
at that station, as I am convinced it you had known of his return vou 
would have put him on the Roll, as he is the person who sustaine<I the 
(rreatest loss of any at that placte by the Indians — the oxen that was 
killed with those that was wounded, was his property'. I have taken 
the liberty of haviui^ his name annexL to the muster-RolI, to such limes 
as I have from you, which I wish to be by the first op|)ertunity. From 
the long acquaintance with 3'ou, convinces me that you will ixivv ycmr 
acquiescence in what I have done for that poor man. 

Wish you health and happiness, and with every sentiment of resprit 
and esteem. 

Have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your most obedient, Humble Servant, 

THO. LEWIS. 

N. B. — Just as I finished my letter, the Indians tired on a party of 

men that was going up to the uper to work. I immediately 

went to their assistance with a party, but before I got there they had 
drove the Indians off. John (Jraig was mortally wounded, and Fleming 
wounded in the arm. I have the pleasuie to inform you that three or 
four of the Indians is badly wounded, and I followed the blood for some 
distance, but the rain coming on and their separating, made it impossi- 
ble for us to follow. If to-morrow should be fair, we will endeavour to 
make a further discovery. You will see the necessity of pushing Capl. 
Mann as to the assistance of this place and Bellville as soon as you pt»ij- 
sibly can. 

1 refer you to Mr. Prior for further particulars. 

J. L. 
To the Hon. John Steele. 

Charges against Captain Caperton. 

(^apt. Caperton may be arrested & tried on the following charges, viz: 

1. For an abuse of the Trust reposed in him as a Captain of volun- 
tier militia, by calling into service in aid of him a greater number of 
militia in the county of Kanawa than were absolutel}* necessary'' for ita 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 423 



(letonce, and for not knowing where or in what manner the service of 1793. 
said militia was performed, or whether they rendered an}' service. July 2d 

2d. For exhibiting a false, fraudulent, and forged muster-Roll (certi- 
fied the first of March, 1793,) as a voucher on which ho demanded pub- 
lic money. 

3rd. For Exhibiting a false, fraudulent, & partly forged Muster-Roll, 
certified March 3rd, 1793, as a voucher to establish a claim for public 
money. 

4tb. For exhibiting a fraudulent muster-Roll, .certified Dec'r 29th, 
1792, as a voucher to establish a claim for public money. 

5ti:. For exhibiting a fraudulent abstract for jiay. 

6th. For exhibiting a fraudulent abstract for Rations. 

7th. For Clandestinely taking out of Col. Stuart^s possession, a paper 
which contaifiH the original memorandums of the musters of part of his 
company, and thereby disabling him to make an accurate return, &c. 

8tb. For taking in a most unofficerlike and ungentlemanlike manner 
a Mu^*ter Roll out of the possession of John Steele, while at Sweet 
Springs, for not returning it when applied to for it b}' the said Steele; 
for telling a falsehood to Col. Stuart respecting it, and of writing a false- 
hood to John Harbert, who innocently assisted him in destroying it. 

9th. For leaving the company on or about the 16th of June, 1793, 

contrary to the orders of the Governor of the day of Nov., 1792, 

and verball instructions given him by John Steele on the 8th day of 
June, and coming to Greenbrier. 

lOih. For defrauding the soldiers of their pay by speculations dis- 
grucefull to a man of honor. 

11th. For receiving after the 6th of May, 1792, in Eanawa, an ex- 
traordinary transfer of Andrew Donnellys, Sr., Reuben Slaughter, 
Edw'd McClung, & Andrew Donnelly, Jr., militia of Capt. J. Morris* 
ranging company, and swearing to the enlistment and mustering of 
them on the 18th day of March, 1792 — he on that day at Greenbner 
Courthouse. 

The first charge to be proved by official copy of his letter to the 
Governor, forwarded to the P. of the couil-martial ; the s*d by the Roll 
and by the testimonies of Col. Thos. Lewis anTi Abnor Pryor. The 
Roll has on it the names of four men, viz: Andrew Donnelly, Sr., 
Andrew Donnelly, Jr., Reuben Slaughter, & Edw'd McClung, which 
Col. Lewis never mustered; 3rd charge to be proved by the Roll and 
the oaths ot Leu. Morris and Col. Thomas Lewis; 4th charge to be sup- 
ported b}' the Roll and the oaths of Tho. Lewis and Lieut. Cooper — See 
the mustering of Reuben Salmone; 5th charged proved by the Roll in 
the case oi Reuben Salmons and of Williams; 6th charge supported by 
the abstract for Rations — See Accounts for Salmons & Felix Williams; 
7th charge supported by the Testimony of Col. Stuart and the circum- 
stance of the papers being returned thro* the hands of John Steele; 8th 



424 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

1793. charge to be Bupported by the teHtiniony of Col. Stuart and John Har- 
July 2d bert and John Steele, and bin letters to Harbert; 9th charge to be sup- 
ported by the Governor's letter dated Nov. , 1792, by Sawyer. 

Storekeeper tor Cane, and others who have seen him in Greenbrier; lOtb 
charge to be supported by the testimony of Peter Null, Isaac Cole, 
Junies Abbett, and others; 11th charge proved by the Muster Roll and 
the nature of the case — the oaths of Captain John Morris* and of the men 
themselves. 

The Governor laid before the board the report of Col. Steele, whereby 
it aj)pears he had augmented the forces for the defence of Kanawa, 
and the exposed j)art8 of the counties of Greenbrier, & Bath to consist 
in the whole to 1 C'apl., 2 L'ts. 2 Ensigns, 17 Sergeants, 5 Corporals, 123 
privates, & twelve scouts, which were stationed in the manner best 
caKtulated for of!e(?ting the purposes intended; that he had promote 
Sam'l Henderson to a Lieutenancy in Captain (Japerton's Corap'y; that 
he had nominated Jesse Van Bibber as Ensign in ye sM Co., & Jas. Van- 
bibber an Knsiirn in ve Detachment. * * * * 

Whereupon, the Board approved of the measures taken by (N)l. Steele 
for ye defence of Kanawha District, and advise that a copy of the s'd 
rej)ort, so far as it relates to the number of forces & their disposition, 
together with a copy of Col. T. Lewis's letter to Mr. .Steele, relative to 
Indian depredations, he transmitted to ye Sec'y of War. It is also re- 
commended that Capt. Caperton be arrested upon charges contained iu 
ye s*d report against him, & a (.V>urt-niartial ordered for his trial acconi- 
ing to law; That a commission issue to Wm. Clendinnen as Capt'n vice 
H. C, and (.'om missions to Lt. Henderson & Ensigns Jas. & Jesse Vaii- 
bebber. 

It is advise<l that Captain Cape»*ton be arrested U)>on the foi'egoin^ 
charges, and a general court-martial be appointed for his trial, to consist 
of the following officers; Charles Cameron. Lt,-Col. of Bath; Pi'esid nt, 
A Major, two Captains, & 3 Lieut's from the county of Greenbrier; four 
captains & two Ensigns from the County of Bath — not being witnesses 
for or against the party accused; that copies of the charges be trans- 
mitted to the Presiilent of the court, & to the officer to be tri**d; thai 
the time be appointed by the President, & Lewisburg be the place for 
holding the said Court-martial — pix»vious notice being given to the ]mr- 
ties; That the presiilent call upon the commanding ofticur of the militiu 
of Greenbrier, to order the officei's ivquired fn>m that county to attend 
at the time & place appointed to serve as members of the said Court- 
martial, and that a s|K'cial state of the evidence and facts, t(»gethcr with 
the sentence of ye court, be transmitted lo ye Governor as soon as pos- 
sible. 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. • 425 



Point Pleasant, May 30th, 1793. 1793. 

Sir: 

I do nayself the honor of nominating you to take command in Lieu- July 2d 
tenant Mof^es Mann's detachment of voluntier militia, raised for the de- 
ience of Greenbrier and Eanhawa. 

You will therefore proceed immediately to enlist twenty expert Rifle- 
men, to continue in service untill the first of December, unless sooner 
discharged, subject to the regulations of the Executive of the 12th of 
DecV, 1792, so far as they relate to defensive opemtions. 

You will consider yourself subordinate to Lieutenant Mann, and until 
his arrival you will please to take instructions from Col. Thomas Lewis, 
whoso zeal for the safety of our fellow-citizens will induce him to give 
you every assistance in his power. 

It will be your duty to repel Invasions, and as much as possible to 
protect the Inhabitants while they are necessarily employed on their 
farms. 

These two things will require 3''our most particular attention, and I 
flatter myself the happiest effects will result from your Exertions. It 
will rest with the Executive to say whether you will receive pay agree- 
ably to your present Rank in the militia or that of an Ensiocn. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

J. S. 

J. Steele to Lieut. James Vanbibber, Point Pleasant. 

(A copy). 
Greenbrier, sc: 

I do Certify that Mathow Fowler and Wm. Graham Came before 
me, Wm. Renick, a justice for said county, and was sworn to do duty as 
scouts on the frontier of Greenbrier county, to the utmost of their skill 
& ability for the safct}^ of the Inhabitants agreeable to the appointment 
& orders of the Hon. John Steele, and that they will render a Just ac- 
count of the time of their service when thereunto required. 

Given under my hand the 22d day of May, 1793. 

WM. RENICK. 

Kanaw^. ss.: 

L do certify that William Craig and Lyman Gibbs came before 
me, Abner Prior, a Trustee for said county, and was sworn to do duty 
as scouts on the frontier of Kcnhawa County, to the utmost of their 
r^kill and abilitys for the safety of the Inhabitants agreeable to the ap- 
pointment & orders of the Hon. John Steele, & that they will render a 
Just account of the time of their service when thereunto required. 
Given under my hand this 1st day of June, 1793. 

ABNER PRIOR. 
54 



420 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Lewisburg, June 10th, 1793. 

Sir: 

July 2*1 I must request you to proceed imnici lately to ingage six Expert 

Woodnmen to be f>tatione<i in tbe settlement called 8troudt(« for the de- 
feneo of this County and Bath. They will be under your direction, and 
it will be their dut}' to range in such manner on the northwestward of 
that place as to prevent as much as possible the incursions of the Indians 
to either ot the counties. The ]K>st6 from the Ganlej, Elk, and Little 
Kanawa waters must be particularly attended to. It will be requisite to 
procure the best information respecting the disposition made bj Col. 
Bogard of his voluntier company, that may in some measure govern 
you. 

Mr. William Morris will settle with yoji for the Kations. Col. Stuart 
will assist you in making out the accounts for pay; your affidavit will 
be necessary to establish the claim proving that the service was per- 
formed. If you find that more men are necessary, you will apply to 
Col. Stuart, who will furnish the same. 

I am, &c., 

JOHN STEELE. 
Mr. Joseph Mays. 

Sir: 

I find it expedient to order you to march this day with your quota 
incompleat. Tou will proceed with all possible dispatch for Point 
Pleasant, where }0U will be Joined by Lieutenant James Vanbebber, 
and who will be subordinate to you. As soon as convenient, you will 
releive the detachment from Captain Capcrton's Company now at Bell- 
ville; consulting Col. Lewis as to the Exi>ediency of sending an officer 
or an active Sergeant. 

It will be your duty to afford every protection in your power to the 
Inhabitants while employeil in their fields; and in all your operations, 
be mindful that the defence of Greenbrier, as well as Eanawa, is com- 
mitted to your charge. You will, if possible, compleat your quota to the 
number of twenty-five; it will then be in your i>ower to keep a party oi 
Eighteen continuall}' ranging. Col. Thomas Lewis has engaged to do 
everything in his power for the good of the service, you will there- 
fore consult him in all cases of importance; I am persuaded you will 
derive such information from him as will enable you to render veiy 
essential services to the public as well as to your own reputation. Too 
will apply to him for copies of such papers respecting Business as be 
ma}' be possessed ol. It will be essential to procure the best informa- 
tion of the dispositions made by the officers on your right and left, and 



CALBNDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 427 



endeavor as mach as possible to keep a communication with them. I 1793. 
wish yoQ a fortunate campaign, July 2<l 

And have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most Obc't Sci*vant, 

J. STEELE. 
Lewisbarg, June 19, 1793. 

Lieut. Moses Mann. 

Greenbrier, June 10th, 1793. 
Sir: 

The conduct of the Indians at the Point on the fifth instant. Justi- 
fies my repeating to you the solicitude of the Governor for the safety of 
the people; you will do well to impress it on the minds of your detached 
parties in the strongest terms; urge them to be ever guarded against a 
surprize, and to consider it their indcspensible duty to afford every pro- 
tection in their power to the inhabitants while employed in their fields. 
After the relief of Mr. Kelly and his party by Mr. Mann, you will be 
able to Judge how far it may be practicable to adopt the ranging plan; 
I flatter myself your number will be equal to the object, and that infinite 
advantages will result to the public from your personal exertions. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your Most Obedient Servant. 

J. S. 
Capt. Hugh Caperton, Kanawa. 

Point Pleasant, June 2d, 1793. 
Sir: 

The situation of this Frontier and the nature of the protection 
afforded its Inhabitants, renders it expedient to resort to the agency of 
some person of experience to aid Government in carrying its measures 
into effect, your long residence at this place, your acquaintance with the 
inroads to, and leading traces of the Enem}' through this country, quali- 
fies you for the task, I must, therefore, request that you will undertake 
it, and flatter myself that you will give every assistance in your power, 
by advising with the ofllcers as to measures and attending to the man- 
ner in which the services is performed. It will be the particular duty 
of Lieutenant Mann and Vanbebber, to protect this place and Bellville. 
But in doing this a general system ought to be adopted to lead as far as 
possible towards the security of the Inhabitants of the upper part of 
Greenbner and Bath. 

I must also request you to attend to the appointment of two spies at 
Bellville in addition to the two at this place, and the enlistment of four 
privates. 



428 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. I have already directed Mr. Vanbebber to look to you for iDStructious. 

July 2d After you signify to me your eompliaiiee with my request, I will give 
similar orders to Mr. Mann. You will be furnished with copies of the 
different orders of council on the subjects for your government. 

I thank you for the polite treatment, the advice, and information 1 
have received from you; wish you peace and happiness, and with every 
sentiment of respect and esteem, have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Most Obedient Humble Servant, 

J. S. 
Col. Thomas Lewis, Point Pleasant. 

Staunton, June 28th, 1793. 
Sir: 

I will communicate to the Governor your opinion or advice to me 
against calling into service any men for the defence of your count}', and 
at the same time inform him that you have engaged to take the neces- 
sary measures in case of apparent danger. 

From his great solicitude for the public safety, he will no doubt wish and 
expect to hear from you. In this 1 hope you will gratify him. I will 
thank you to write me frequently. 

I have the honor to be, &c., 

J. S. 
Col. Charles Cameron, Bath county. 



July 3d Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Council Upon the papers delivered to me respecting Captain Caperton's 

office Company of voluntier militia, ordered into service the 12th of Decem- 
ber, 1791, I beg leave to report that No. 1 are the muster and pay-rolls 
of that part of said Company, who did duty in Greenbriar, consisting ol 
the Captain, three sergeants, three corporals, a Drummer and fifer, and 
thirt3''-Bight privates as first mustered, and of the Captain, an Ensign, 
three Sergeants, three corporals, a Drummer and fifer, and thirty-Eight 
privates as mustered on their discharge. 

These muster-rolls appear to be duly authenticated by the Oath of 
Captain Caperton, and of the signature and oath of Colonel John Stuart, 
by whom the musters were made. 

No. 2 are the muster-rolls of that part of said Company who did duty 
in Kanawa, consisting of a Lieutenant, a sergeant, a Corporal, and 
twenty-nine privates as mustered as well on the Commencement of their 
service as on their discharge. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 429 



These muster-Roils are also duly authenticated by the signatures and 1793. 
Oaths of Lieutenant Leonard Cooper, who commanded the party, & July 3d 
Col. Thos- Lewis, who mustered them. On the back of these muster- 
rolls, Lieut. Cooper & Col. Lewis certified the appointment of Isaac 
Vanbibber & Michel Dickerson as spies by order of Captain Caperton. 
No. 3 are the muster-rolls of four privates and two scouts, said also to 
be part of Captain Caperton's Company, mustered by Col. George Clen- 
dinen, as appears by his authentication of the same, together with the 
aifidavit of Capt. Caperton. The muster-Roil of this party on their 
discharge, exhibits the following remark: **I, George Clendinen, who 
was appointed to muster the within Detachment, was compelled to be 
absent on the day of their discharge, therefore have mustered them 
absent. On the propriety of this mode of mustering, the Board will 
please themselves to decide. Colonel Clendinen's authority for muster- 
ing any part of this company will be found in No. 4. 

It appears by the several musters, that the total amount of this com- 
pany of voluntier militia is Eight3'-four — the number authorized is Sev- 
enty-seven. To account for this difference in part, it appears that two 
men were killed the 14th, and two enlisted the 15th of May; that one 
was discharged and one enlisted the 20th of May, which together with 
the Drummer & fifer not authorized, make up altogether (two excepted) 
the Excess. Six scouts were employed for this company, for whom a 
separate pay-roll is forwarded, authenticated by the Oath of Captain 
Caperton. (See No. 5.) 

The General pay-roll No. 6, (in which is subjoined the names of scouts), 
corresponds in names and number with the several rolls of the last mus- 
ters. The auditor in the settlement thereof will be careful that the 
time of service correspond also. In this number is enclosed some re- 
marks of Colonel Steele on that part of the company which were on 
duty in Greenbriar, which he will be pleased to explain for the informa- 
tion of the Board. 

No. 7 contains papers which in part have been heretofore before the 
Board, and which I conclude are not meant for me again to report on. 
Such new matter as have been collected therein, tends to a censure of 
the conduct of Captain Caperton, which Col. Steele, who is best able, 
will be pleased to elucidate. 

In No. 8 are the ration accounts, which appear to be authentic. Mr. 
Pendleton will provide that no more be paid for than the number of men 
and time of service required. 

In No. 9 arc muster and pay-rolls of a detachment of militia under 
the command of Lieutenant Cooper for services in Kanawha to the 31st 
of May, 1793, which appear to bo duly authenticated. There is also 
included in this number a claim of Allyn Pryor for 28 lbs. of powder, 
authenticated by the certificate of Lieutenant Vanbebber and Col. 
Thomas Lewis. No Ration account accompanies the claim for services 
of this Detachment of militia. 



430 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. And No. 10 is a Claim of •Captain Caperton for powder and Lead pur- 

July 3d chased by him for the use of his company as per James Laey's receipt. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most Ob't Servant. 

After a minute examination, I am not able to discover that any more 
than four scouts were allowed to Captain Caperton's Company for the 
year 1792, yet Mr. Pryor thinks that Captain Caperton had authority 
from the Governor for the appointment of two additional scouts. I 
should suppose that the best proof of it will bo the Governor's letter 
which may hereafter be forwarded, & in the meantime that only the 
number authorized be paid. 



July 4th Samitel Coleman to the Governor. 

Sir: 
Council My last report on the subject of the militia was under date the 4th 

oflSce of June, since which the counties of James Cit}-, Lunenburg, and Nan^c- 
mond have forwarded complete recommendations, on which commissions 
have issued. 

On recommendations short of the proper number of Companies from 
Gloucester, Hardy, King George, Lee, Princess Anne, and Prince George, 
Commissions have issued, and requisitions been made for further recom- 
mendations. Commissions for the field officers only have issued upon 
defective recommendations from the counties of Bedford, Isle of Wight, 
Southampton, and Russell, and the commandants requested by letter to 
have recommendations amended. The Courts of Cumberland and West- 
moreland have forwarded illegal recommendations, which the clerks 
- have been requested to have amended. 

The commissions have issued for the Subalterns upon a second recom> 
mendation from the county of Charlotte. The recommendation from 
Lancaster has not yet been acted on, owing to the failure of the county 
of Richmond to forward their recommendation, these two counties com- 
posing a Regiment. 

The directions of the Executive with respect to the recommendations 
of Charles City, New Kent, Louisa, Harrison, Randolph, & Rockbridge, 
have been complied with as follows: William Hart well Macon, of New 
Kent, commissioned commandant of the Regiment composed of the militia 
of that countj and Charles City, and the said Regiment completely ot!i- 
cered. For Louisa commissions have issued to Col. John Overton and 
Major Wm. O. Callis only, and the former has been wrote to stating the 
complaint of Captain Thomas Shelton, and requesting the court through 
Col. Overton to reconsider their recommendation. For Harrison and 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 431 



Randolph, commissions have issued pursuant to the recommendations, 1793. 
and A Letter has been wrote to the Court of Rockbridge, enclosing a July 4th 
copy of the Govornor*s letter of the 12th of April to the clerk of Monon- 
galia. 

In consequence of deaths, refusals to act, and resignations, additional 
recommendations have been forwarded irom Charles City for a Major 
and one Captain; from Fairfax of a Major, three Captains, four Lieu- 
tenants, and four Ensigns; and from the town of Poteraburg of a Sec- 
ond-Lieutenant of Artillery, upon which commissions have issued. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

With due respect. 

Your very Obedient Servant. 



CoL. John Steele's Report on Morriss' Pat-roll. July 5th 

The statement of facts on the face of the Roll was made in compliance 
with the request of Governor Lee in his letter to me of the 30th of April. 
It comprehends such information as I supposed was then required to 
enable the Board to decide finally on the claim of the company. A 
Referrence to the small map which is filed with it will lead to a 
knowledge of the local situations of the people, the distresses to which 
they were subjected in passing to and from their different habitations, 
as well as the dangers to which they were exposed, admiting there was 
danger on the frontier. Certain it is those people in a great measure 
live the lives of soldiera at best, never moving from their houses without 
their arms, and keeping them continually laying by them in their fields 
or elsewhere when laboring. I have made a report of the services ren- 
dered by Captain Caperton's Company; by referring to that, the Board 
will be able to Judge what was the difference between thefoi*ce actually 
employed in Kanawa, including Morriss* Company, and that employed 
for the present year. If such a comparison could have any weight in 
the decision, For mo to decide against the claim, either in part or in 
toto, would be criminating men in office who have produced vouchers 
for It, and perhaps depriving individuals of the Just rewards for services 
actually rendered. 

JOHN STEELE. 



Captain Vadghan to the Governor. July 5th 

Sir: 

I have not my harvest completed which prevents my coming to Point of 

Richmond to settle my quarterly accounts. 1 send them by Mr. Merri- ^^''*^ 



432 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERSw 



1793. wether, who will apply to Capt. Coleman to examine theia» an«i receive 

July 5th the necessary orders for the money. &c. 3Ir. Ross is in this coanty. 

tho' I have not yet seen him. I will see him and have his claim fairly 

liquidated for settlement with the Executive, and accompany him down. 

if noccs8ar\'. 

I have the honor to be. with due respect, 

Y> Excys Obt Serv I. 



Jaly5tb Florence Mahoney's PFrmoN to tbe Execttive. 

To his Excellency Hen'y Lee. Esq., k the Worthy and Ilonoruhie 
Council : 

The Humble petition of Florence Mjihoney Humbly Sbeweth. 
That your petitioner was a soldier & a pensioner, as appears by bis cer- 
tificate, and having been in great disti ess Shaving been under the necessity 
of .supporting myself & paying my Doctor's ac. since May, 1782, until 
September the 26th, 1785. during which time your petitioner not beinij 
able to do the duly of a soldier; & your petitioner now being in great 
distress & being in debt, therefore hope his Excellency k Council will 
take it into consideration, and grant him his pension during the back 
dates, &c., as to enable your petitioners to pay oflT his Just debts, k 
your petitioner will forever in duty be bound to pray for your Excellency 
k the worthy Council, k forever gratefully acknowledged by your Hum- 
ble petitioner. 



July 5th E- Langham to Captaix Sam'l Coleman, wfth Excloscrbs. 

Point of Dear Sir: 
^^^ Mr. Thos. Merri wether brings my quarterly returns: on one 

of which you will find due £74 12 10, being the pay-roll of the Supl*d% 
Guard, kc, and a bal'ce due the hirelings of £33 9 5. Please examine 
the returns, &c.. k procure for Mr. Meriwether orders for the money. 1 
should have come down myself, but am too much fatigued harvestiDg. 
George Duncan lost the receipt for the stores you rec'd Irom him: 
therefore, if a voucher is necessary, please give another — the rvc*eipl be 
carried was 3 @ 10. 

I am with respect. 

Your most obt Servt. 

P. S. — The thirty pounds charged as pr. D. Ross for firewood isai^ree- 
able to contract, and has no connection with the claim of £43 that Mr. 
Ross bro't in to the Executive for adjustment — that am't being prior to 
the year '89, and not found upon any contracts. 

K. L. 



CALBNDAE OF STATE PAPERS. 4^3 



Mr. Elias Langbam for the Publiek pest, 1793. 

In ac. with David ItosB, Cr.: July 5U» 

1790. 
Oct. 1. To firewood from the first Janiiaiy, 1787, to date, - £75 
To former allowance of £20 pr. ann. to Ground rent 
from the first Jan'y, '87, till the 1st Aug., '87, - 5 IH 8 

£80 16 8 



1790. 
Oct. 1. By discount for so much as the wood belonging to 
the Publiek k in the time aforesaid, viz: from the 
Ist Aug., '87, to date, .... £35 00 

By Balance due on this Ac, • - - - 45 16 8 

£80 16 8 



Fluvanna County, 9th SeptV, 1790. 

Be it known that Elias Langham on ac. of the Publiek of the one 
part and David Ros8 of the other |iart, Have k by these pronents do 
agree that John Peyton k Robin Quaries, Esq., shall view the ground 
where wood has been cutt, k hear the objections of the parties on the 
above claim, k to settle, adjust, and determine the same as they shall 
think right k proper, consistent with Equity and good eoncienee, hereby 
giving k granting to them full power to call in any disi n teres terl persfm 
they shall think proper to serve aA an omptre, in case they disa^ee in 
sentiments k the determination ot the i^aid refereen or that of the um- 
pire, if one be chuseo, shall be binding on us, 

ELI A 8 LA5GHA.M, 
DAVID ROSS. 

Teet: 

J. McLACCHLAN. 

Feb. 22, 17«T. — Mr- Rohm was allowed ten pr>iindt< for groomi-rent, k 
twenty poumis tor tire-timl-Kir for the year 1786. 

March 20. 1787. — 5*> acre?* of Mr. Rosh* land at the point of Fork wan 
onleretl to be taken under the law for puMi#rk ujie, if Mr. Rows shofi'd 
retiL^^ to «ell that miKh. 

July 17. 1787. — Mr. ^tm^** pmpf>j»*»s to lease rtt\y acr**x. hut the hoard 

in!>i»t on purcbai^^g prop«>?Hisj« a mo!** of valfiation. k direfts In cane of ye 

refi»a] to acfrept by Mr. Rons, that the land be taken under former 

order. 

56 



434 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



1793. Aug. 25, 1787. — Mr. Ross is paid £250 for twenty-four acres valued by 

July 5tb J DO. NieholaH, Sen'r. k Ricbard Jame.% two of the persons named — Wil- 
son Nicholas wasi the other — who disapproved of ye allowance as too 
high. 

July 3rd, 1787. — Capt. Langham bo't 150 Acres of wood land within 
2 miles of ye Point of Fork for the public, which was paid for 26 of 
of Oct., '87. 

It does not appear to have been necessary that Mr. Langham should 
purchase wood for Mr. Ross after the purchase of 150 Acres, which was 
3d of July, or at furthest the 26 of October, when it was paid for. 

As to ye charge for ground-rent, I will only observe that the board 
had oniered the land to be condemned the 20 of March, & might have 
taken it soon after, had it not been put off to gratify Mr. Ross. It is 
possible too, & not improbable, from the high valuation of ye 24 acres, 
that the Gentlemen who valued it, included the ground-rent from Jan'y, 
1787. 

In addition to what ie said above by Mr. Blair, I beg leave to observe 
that I cannot discover what could be the induc*ement to the admission 
of a claim for firewood made by Mr. Ross, after the purchase of 150 
Acres of land for the express purpose of supplying the Post with wood. 

The first question arising for the decision of the Board, is whether it 
has been consistent with the public Interest that the firewood be taken 
fi*om the land of Mr. Ross nit her than from the public land, although 
six oxen were allowed as draft cattle for the use of the Post. The sec- 
ond question arising is how far Mr. Langham may have been Justifiable 
in suffering the wood of Mr. Ross to be used without contract under the 
circumstances before mentioned, up to Octo., 1790, from Octo., 1787, and 
afterward by contract to October, 1792. Mr. Langham will bo beat able 
personally to set this subject in its true light, and I think the publick 
interest requires that he should attend tor that purpose. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Very Obe'd Servant, 

SAMX COLEMAN. 

To his Excellency the Governor. 

On the 12th of May, 1791, The oxen with a variety' of other articlitf 
were ordered for sale, which sale Mr. Langham says took place the 17tb 
of June. 

S. COLEMAN. 

Point of Fork, March 27, 1793. 
Sir: 

Mr. Ross will present to the Executive an acc't for firewood and 
ground-rent, agreeable to the award of Capt Peyton and Major Qoarlee. 



CALBNDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 436 



You will see by what authority the award is made, and Judge wliethor 1793. 
I, as public Agent here, have acted in my duty or not. If it should so July 5th 
happen that the Hon. Board should have any doubts on the subject. 
permit me to inform that the ground-rent charged is, before any part of 
the land, became public property, and that there was but little tirewood 
on the public ground when it became public property, & the bal'nce of 
firewood was supplied from Mr. Ross's land ; but when I agreed to sub- 
mit the business, I did not suppose the award would be so high. Since 
Oct., '90, firewood has been supplied by contract between Mr. Ross and 
myself, & a charge never 3'et rendered by me to the Executive, because 
my intention is & has been to pay it out of the money coming from the 
sale of the public property so soon as collected, but the hole firewood 
will amm't to ab't £25 p*r year. 

I have the honour to be, 

Your Excellency's Mo. Ob't Serv't, 

E. LANGHAM. 



Arthur Campbell to the Governor. July 6th 

Sir: 

In my last letter I mentioned to your Excellency the attack of a Washington 
Capt. Baird on a peaceable Cherokee Town, & the answer of the Indians 
respecting that aggression on our j)arl. This promised an accomoda- 
tion ; but, to the surprise of eveiy moderate man who loves order and 
the laws, on Thursday, the 27th ult., a party of 70 men penetrated 
through the mountains from the upper settlement of French Broad, and 
near the Town of Tellassee, killed about 20 Indians and took i\ve squaws 
prisoners, who they found working in a corn field, and to our shame one 
of them was murdered on the way back. Some Indians followed the 
party of whites into the settlement on French Broad, and near the 
mouth of Nolachirdkey River on the 29th, killed two women and seve- 
ral children. Another party of whites immediatel}' set out to take sat- 
isfaction (as it is called) for this; their success or otherwise, I have not 
yet heard. I am also this day informed that a part}* of Indians was a 
few days ago discovered in Lee County, and that a detachment of Capt. 
Hawkins' company was out in search of them. If it had not been for 
the attack made by Baird, it appears that Governor Blount would have 
been successful in effecting a pacification with the Cherokees, at least 
for this year. This would have been a material point gained, as it would 
have lessened the number of our Enemies, and enabled us to concentrate a 
greater force against the hostile Tribes with whom we cannot avoid 
being at war. It is an unfortunate occurrence in human affairs, that 
one such rash, ignorant man as Baird can do so much hurt in society. 



436 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. If the effects of such disorder were confineci to the S. W. Territory, we 
July 6th mi^ht be Justified in indifferently looking on, and let them feel the 
effects of an improper conduct. But an uncivilized nation at war makes 
no distinctions, and our innocent frontier inhabitants must endure 
calamities brought on by others. 1 confess I telt our pride flattered by 
a sentiment of an officer in the Territoiy, to-wit: That the Virginia 
militia must be sent for to assist in restoring order. 

1 cannot tell what measures the President of the United State^^ may 
Judge proper to take; but this 1 am confident of, that the division of 
sentiment in the Territory seems to push matters into moi*e confusion, 
rather than restoring order. 

I beleive it will be found advisable to Strengthen our post at the S. 
Western extremity of the state, by having the whole of the company 
there in readiness. Capt. Lewis and Capt. Crockett might spare de- 
tachments to be sent out into Powells valley, if the treaty at Sandusky 
has turned out well. In the present critical crisis, it would be salutary 
if one of the Executive body could take a tour only as far as Abingdon. 

I am, sir, 

Your most Obedient Servant. 



July Gth Miles King to the Governor, with Enclosures. 

Dear Sir: 

Hampton I this moment rec'ed the enclosed letter from Colo. Newton, 
Norfolk, giving a melancholy account of the distressed French, and 
agreeable to his request I have sent an express to you. I beleive there 
is none arrived, except the 74-Gun ship; many others I expect will be 
in in a few days. I make no doubt but every assistance will be given 
them. I am certain the Inhabitants of our county will accomodate as 
many as in their power. is not very plenty at this place — a sup- 
ply of that article will be wanting. & shou'd many arrive, the sooner 
some was sent forward the better. Any order given shall be executeti 
as far as in my power. This afternoon a Brittish Privateer has put into 
Hampton to get wood & water, & I Suj)pose to keep out of the way of 
the 74-Gun ship. How long the privateer will continue, I can't say. 
She belongs to Jamaica. 

I am with very great respect, 

Your most ob't Serv't. 

I could not get an Express under three pounds ten shillings, which 1 
agreed should be paid — the Rider pays his own Expences. 

M. K. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 437 



Noi-folk, July 6th, 1793. 1793. 

I). Sir: 

A French 74 Gun Ship ih arrived with a number of passengei-s J^b' ^^h 
on hoartl who have been drove from Cape Francais, that place having 
been destroyed, & a large number of distressed are momently expeetod 
in; it is said 150 Sail of vessels, full of all descriptions of persons. As it 
is requisite that some provision should be made for them by the public, 
1 think an Express should be sent to the Governor on the occason. If 
you think with me you can dispatch one, & 1 have no doubt of the Gover- 
nor's paying the Expences thereof and taking such steps as he may 
Judge proper for the supply &, reception of those unhappy & distressed 
people. Husbands, wives, parents, & children are distributed in such a 
manner that they Know not whore to find each other. Twelve thou- 
sand are supposed to have been massacred at the Cape ; many wore taken 
out of the water & thrown on board the vessels without cloathes or any 
subsistence whatever. I beg you to do what you can, & if you have 
places fit tor the reception of some of them that you'll give the Gov'r 
information thereof. 

I am most Respectfully, 

Y'r Ob't Ser't., 

THOS. NEWTON, Jr. 
Miles King, Esq., Hampton. 

P. S. — To the Governor: I have not time to write, being called of to 
consult on the above occasion. You can forward this to him. 

Norfolk, July 6, 1793. 
I). Sir: 

This morning arrived a French 74 Gun Ship with a number of 
distressed people from Cape Francais, & I hear that 150 Sail are expected 
momently with the remains of the Inhabitants of that Town, it being 
destnjyed by the Negi*oes, Ac. ; these unhappy people require immediate 
assistance, & I hope y*r Excellency & Council will give such orders as 
they may be supply'd by the public. Private contributions ma}' be made 
also. They are greatly distressed, without cloathes, & every necessary' 
being very suddenly drove off. The particular shall be forwarded as 
soon as 1 can know them. A pilot informs me he saw a fleet off. 

I am yV Exc'y's Ob't Serv't, 

THOS. NEWTON, Jr. 
His Excellency the Governor, Richmond. 

The Lieut. GovV laid before the lK)ard a letter from the Mayor of the 
borough of Norfolk, dated 6th inst., inclosing an ortler of the court of 
Aldermen of that Borough, which state that a French 74 Gun Ship, 



438 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. with a number of other veuselH fro n Cape Francais, has arrived at Nor- 
July 6th folk, and appealed for permission lo land their sick and wounded, amount- 
ing to 400; that the Unfortunate emigrants being in extreme distress k 
without money to purchase the mere necessaries for their immediate 
relief, the Marine Hospital had been by the Directors thereof opened tor 
the reception of the sick and wounded, & the necessary steps taken by 
the Borough for their immediate accomodation. I request the public 
aid by an advance of money to bo applied to their further relief, & the 
directions of the board to the court of Aldermen for their future con- 
duct. Whereupon it is advised that the sum of £600 be advanced to the 
M. of N., to be applied under the direction of the court of the borough 
to the relief of the sick & wounded ; that the court of Aldermen & the 
Directors of the M. H. be informed that the Executive approve the 
measures which they have taken, and that the Lieut. GovV transmit to 
the Sect'y of St. a copy of the letter from the Af. & of the order of the 
court of Norfolk, & inform him of the measures taken by the Ex. in con- 
sequence of the aforesaid communications. 



July 7th ^- Langham to the Governor. 

Sir: 

Point of M!r. Ross has been with me to-day respecting his claim against the 

Fork public tor £45 16 8, which were allowed by John Peyton & Robert 
Quarles, Esqrs. After examining the lumber, &c. used at the Post, k 
having for their guide the report of Messrs. Carrington & Logwood 
made on a former occasion, of the like nature, and also the resolution^; 
of the Executive therein, 1 find by examining all the papers respeit- 
ing the business that in the year 1787, Mesirs. Carrington & Logwooil 
allowed Mr. Ross £20 per year for fire wood, & £20 per year for ground 
rent. That on the 22d of Feb*y, 1787, the Executive ordered payment 
to Mr. Ross for what they conceived right, agi-eeable to the report 
mentioned above, and said he should reserve for that year £20 for lan^ 
wood & £10 for ground i*ent. 

In August. 1787, the ground rent ceased, because the Commonwealth 
became owners of 25 acres, or thereabouts of ground at the Post, on 
which there was but little timber. You will find that Capt. Peyton k 
Major Quarles in stating their award, bringr* the public indebted to Mr. 
Ross £80 16 8, & allows as a Cr. to the public £35 for the wood that 
was on the ground they bro't from Mr. Ross; this they settled up to 
Octo., 1790, since which time the post has been furnished with fire woikJ 
by contract, as you will find in my quarterly account up to the 30th of 
June last. Upon examining all tho papers on the subject, Account;* 
&e., I find that is annnall}' stated & is Jiistl}* due to Mr. Ross, and have 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 439 



no doubt but the Hoirbie the Executive after examiniDg these minutes 1793. 
'AS I'eterrcd to, will oi-der payment for the sum of £45 16 8. July 7th 

I have the honor to be with due respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't Sei'vant. 



Allyn Pryor*8 Petition to the Executive. July 7th 

To his Excellency the Governor and the Honoui*able the members of 
Council: 

The petition of Allyn Pryor humbly sheweth that the difficulty 
and expense of furnishing Lieut. Cooper's command of voluntior militia 
has been unavoidably greater than was imagined, the waters being very 
low, mills unable to grind, the navigation impracticable only in small 
crafl. Some part of the time in which he was employed an empty 
canoe could not pass without dragging over a number of places. In 
this situation he remained for three months; in this situation he has 
remained to less Eight months since the service was completed, five of 
which have been on the road going and coming, tended with ver}*^ con- 
siderable expence to obtain a settlement. With this disappointment he 
charges Caperton, who ought to bear the loss, but the difficulty of fur- 
nishing Li. Cooper's command, which was attended with much trouble 
and expense, as much so as any in proportion to their number, will bo 
considered a public loss. The validity of this information shall refer 
your Excellency and the Hon. Board to Col. Steele, who has Col. Lewis's 
verbal testimony in support of the truth of the petitioner's prayer, 
He begs leave to obsei*ve that ten cents will satisfy him, tho' almost 
three less than that has been given for supplying a small station on Ohio in 
Ohio county, not subject to half the expense that he was at, the distance 
not so far by 100 miles. From these considerations in support ot his 
claim he is flattered that an additional sum to eight cents will be granted 
him. 



A State of the Commission of the Peace for Buckingham County, juiy gth 

The first commission of the Peace for the county of Buckingham, 
since the late Revolution, dated the 20th Day of December, 1777, direc- 
ted to the following Justices, to-wit: 

John Nicholas, resigned. 
George Hooper, resigned. 

John Cabell, 1789, Aug. court, took the oath agreeable to Act of con- 
gress. 



440 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, 



1793. Jeremiah Whitney, Dead. 

July 8th (/harles Patteson, quaiitied, but not taken the oath agreable to act of 
congress, but don't act. 

William Cannon, Do. 

Charles May, Do. 

John Johns, Do. 

Henry Bell, 1789, August court, took the oath agreeable to act of cou- 
gress. 

John Bernard, Do. 

Dolphin Dren, dead. 

Robert Cary, never qualified. 

Hardin Perkins, never qualified. 

Thomas Read, Removed to Prince Rdward. 

John Benning, never qualified. 

Hicken*on Barksdalc, qualified, tho' not taken the oath agreeable to 
Act of congress, but don't act. 

John Moselcy, Sheriff, took the oath agraoable to act of congress. 

William Dinguid, resigned. 

Thomas Anderson, Qualified, tho* not taken the oath agreeable to act 
ot congress, but don't act. 

William Perkins, Jr., took the oath agreeable to act of congress, 1789, 
Aug. court. 

Fiamstoad Ransom, Gent, qualified, tho' not taken the oath agreeable 
to act of Congress, bnt don't act. 

2d Commissions issued 27th March, 1781, adding the following J U{>ti* 
ces, to-wit: 

Joseph Cabell, Sen'r, never qualified. 

Anthony Winston, Sen'r, never qualified & since dead. 

John Crouch, never qualified. 

3d Commissions issued 17th June, 1783, adding the following Justice!*, 
to-wit : 

James Dillard, qualified, tho' not taken the oath agreeable to Act oi 
congress, but don't act. 

William Watt, Do., resigned. 
Anthony Murray, never qualified. 

4th Commissions issued the 15th April, 1784, adding the following 
Justices, to-wit: 

Kdmund Wilcox, never qualified & since dead. 
John Nicholas. Jr., never qualified — removed. 
Benjamin Moscly, Jr., never qualified — refused. 
Robert Mosely, never qualified — refused, 
David Parrish, resigned. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 441 



Anthony Winston, Jr., 1789, Aug. Court, took oath agrooablo to Act 1793. 
of congress. July 8th 

Benjamin Morris, Do. 

5th Commissions issued the 23d day of Juno, 1788, adding the ioilow- 
ing Justices, to-wit: 

David Coupland, qualified, tho' never took the oath agreeable to Act 
of congress — ^Don't act. 

Joseph Cabell, Jr., 1789, Aug. Court, took the oath agreeable to Act 
of congress. 

Samuel Alien, 1789, Aug. Court, took oath agreeable to Act of congress. 

Joel Watkins, " " " " 

Boaz Ford, 1789, Aug. Court, took oath agreeable to Act of congress. 

Thomas Blakey, never qualified— refused. 

6th & Last commissions issued the first of March, 1790, adding the 
following Justices, to-wit: 

David Bell, qualified & took agreeable to Act of congress. 

Josias Jones, Do. 

Peter Guerrant, Do. 

William Allen, Do. 

Charles Moseley, Do. 

Edmund Glover, & Do. 

George Duiguid, refused to qualify. 

Teste: 

ROLFE ELDRIDGE, CI. B. court. 

A List of the acting Justices for the county of Buckingham, to-wit: 
John Bernard, Flamstead Ransom, John Cabell, John Moseley, James 
Dillurd, Wm. Cannon, Thomas Anderaon, Anthony Winston, Jr., Henry 
Bell, William Perkins, Jr., Benjamin Morris, David Coupland, David 
Bell, Joseph Cabell, Jr., Josias Jones, Samuel Allen, Peter Guerrant, 
Joel Waikins, William Allen, Boaz Ford, Charles Moseley. 

ROLFE ELDRIDGE, c. B. court. 

At a court held for Buckingham county the 8th day of July, 1793: 

Present — Henry Bell, Samuel Allen, Boaz Ford, Peter Guerrant, John 
Moseley, Charles Moseley, David Coupland, & Josias Jones, Gentlemen 
Justices. 

Thomas Moseley, John Pittman, Robert Kincaid, Clough Shelton, 
Charles Yancey, William Evans, Robert Nicholas, Henry Flood, Philip 
Duval, and Mathew Branch, arc recommended to his Excellency the 
Governor and Council as proper persons to be added to the commission 
of the peace for this county. 

A Copy — Teste: 

ROLFE ELRIDGE, CI. Court. 
56 



443 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



oflit.'o 



17^3. Sam. Coleman to the Lieut. GovEaNOB. 

Sir: 
July 9th The niimter uihI pa^'-rollB of Capt4iin Andrew LcwIs'b Company ol 

Council voiunticr militiii, conHistin^ of :i Captain, a Lieutenant, an Ensign, Six 
Scouts, lour Scrgeaiits, four Corporals, a Drummer k fifer, and sixty -six 
privates, are submitted with the following report. 

It does not a])pear that Captain Lewis was authorized to employ more 
than four scouts. The reasons contained in his letter and that of Cap- 
tain Crockett for the employment of two others are submitted to the 
Board. It does not appear from any instructions which have como 
under my observation that Drummers or fifers were allowed to the com- 
panies of voluntier militia; they have however been uniformly paid. 

Captain Lewis's Company was mustered by Mr. Henry Dickenson, 
pui-suant to his appointment by the Executive, and the muster and pay- 
rolls are duly authenticated and correspond with each other. 

The Rations are receipted for by Captain Lewis, and the number 
necessary for the men according to their number and time of service 
will be ascertained by the Auditor. 

On the 12th of November, 1792, Mr. William Tate was appointed pay- 
master, &c. to the Southwestern Troops to give bond k security for the 
faithful discharge of his duty. It becomes my duty also to observe that 
by advice of council of the 24th December, 1792, the pay of the officers 
& men then in service were* to commence 6 days previous to their mus- 
ter. In a referrencc to the Auditor of these papera for settlement, it is 
submitted how fur it may be proper to bring to his recollection this cir- 
cumstance. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, with great respect, 

Your very Ob. Servant. 

Abstmct of Captain Capcrton's Pay-roll: 

Ds. cts. 
Capt's Pay, - - - - - - - 386 66 

Lieut., - . 312 00 

Ensign, - - UO 13 

Serg'ts, Corp's, & privates, - - . . . 3,570 89 

4,409 ^% 
Sums advanced am't to £1,071. 

Am't Rations p. account brought in, - - - - 985 36 

5,395 04 



CALBNDAB OF STATE PAPERS. 443 



Tho8. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 1793. 

Sir: 

Since writing the 6th, the French Fleet is arrived. 20 odd sail have July 9th 
come in here, and more intended up. They will want large supplies of Norfolk 
beef, mutton, Ac. I hope your Excellency and Council will incoui-age 
the people to drive down to them. We shall do all wo can here. Many 
of them are very distressed. We much want a cruising vessel oft* our 
Capes, & no force on land can give the necessary assistanco to vessels 
daily attacked. It the two cutters that belong to the U. S. were 
armed, they would answer very well, a few hands added to their present 
number. Our place is crowded with Frenchmen, and too many negroes 
have been brought in with them. We have no person here well 
acquainted with mounting the field pieces on carriages. I have heard 
Mr. Quarrier is a good hand. If your Excellency and Council will be 
so good as to have them made and sent down, you will confer a great 
obligation on us, & they will be ever serviceable to the State. We shall 
want cannister shot for them, as we have none. Powder can be obtained 
here readily. A Republican Brig gave ns a salute on Sunday, and we 
are at a loss how to act on such occasions. As Government generally 
provides for such cases, I shall be happy to have your opinion thereon. 
The carraigo sent for the nine-pounder will cost almost as much as a 
new one; great part of the iron work wanting & no axles to it. I am 
putting it in order. 

I am your Excellency's ob't servant. 

The whole length four feet; the trunnions in the centre. The above 
is the size of the Gun. Should your Excellency think proper to have 
carraiges made for them it may be useful. 



Madison Surveyor. July loth 

At a Court held for the county of Madison, at the house of John 
Yager, Esq., on Thursday, the 25th day of July, 179.S: 

The court do certify to the persons appointed by law for that purpose 
that Henrj' Wayland, Esq., Gent., who intended to apply to tluMu lor a 
commission to be surveyor for this county, is a person of ])roperty, 
Honesty, and good Demeanor. 

Copy — Teste : 

JNO. WALKER, Jr., C. C. 



AAA 

XXX 



CALENDAK OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. 
July 11th 

Norfolk 
Borough 



LSTTER FROM THB MaTOR OF NORFDLK. 

Norfolk Borough. 

At a Court of Aldermen summoned and held the 11th day of July, 
1793: 

Present — Robert Taylor, Esquire, Mayor, Paul Loyall, Thomas New- 
ton, JunV, James Taylor, Donald Campbell, Cornelius Calvert, Baylor 
Hill, Gent. Aldermen. 

The Mayor laid before the court a letter from the Lieutenant Gover- 
nor informing him that the Council of State unanimously approved ot 
the proceedings of the court of Aldermen at a tormer meeting, respecting 
the unhappy sufferers late from Cape Frencais, and that the Lieutenant 
Governor and Council had ordered an advance of Two thousand Dollars 
from the Treasury, to be made as a temporary aid to the distressed 
French people from Cape Francais, to be applied agreeable to the further 
directions ot the court. 

Resolved, That the Mayor be requested to draw on the Treasurer for 
the aforesaid sum, and that Mr. Campbell and Mr. Kill be impowered to 
distribute the money to the indigent French, subject to the further con- 
trol of the court of Aldermen, and that they appoint such persons as 
they think proper to assist in carrying the foregoing resolutions into 
eflfect. 

A Copy — Teste: 

ALBX'R MOSELEY, C. N. C. 



July llth Robert Campbell's Commission as Collector of Arrears of Taxes. 



Richmond 



The Commonwealth ot Virginia, 

To Robert Campbell, Gentleman — Greeting: 

Know you that in pursuance of an Act of the General Assembly 
** to provide more effectually for the collection of the taxes in certain 
cases,'' our Lieutenant Governor, in the absence of the Governor, with 
the advice of the council, doth hereby constitute and appoint you, the 
said Robert Campbell, Collector of the Taxes due for the years One thoa- 
sand seven hundred and Eighty-two, One thousand seven hundred and 
Eighty-throe, and One thousand seven hundred and Eighty-four, in the 
county of Washington. And you, the said Robert Campbell, are hereby 
empowered to proceed in the Execution of the aforesaid oflSce, on giving 
bond to be approved as to the sum and suflSciency of the security, by 
the Court of the said county. 

In Testimony whereof, 1 have hereunto set my hand as Lieutenant 
Governor, and caused the seal of the Commonwealth to be affixed at 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 446 



Richmond, this the Eleventh day of July, one thousand seven hundred 1793. 
and ninety-three. July 11th 

[Seal.] JAMES WOOD. 



At a court continued and held for the county of Southampton on Fri- July 11th 
day, the eleventh day of July, 1793: 

Present — Benjamin Blunt, James Wilkinson, William Uines, Robert 
Goodwyn, Josiah Vick, Edmund Tyler, William Edmunds, Howell Ed- 
munds. Gent'n. 

Thomas Turner, Shadrach Lewis, Lazarus Cook, WilPm Bailey, George 
Blunt, Samuel Calvert, Robert Taylor, William Baker, Samuel Maget, 
Lewis Fort, Jacob Darden, Albridgton Browne, and John Urquhart, are 
by the court recommended to the Executive as proper persons to act as 
Justices of the peace for this county. 

Teste : 

SAM'L KELLO, C. S. C. 

List of persons recommended by the Court of Southampton to act as 
Justices of the peace: 

1777, 21st June — Albridgton Jones, Dead. 

James Ridley, Dead. 
Nicholas Maget, resigned. 
Henry Taylor, Dead. 
Charles Briggs, qualified. 
Benjamin Ruffin, Resigned. 
Edwin Gray, Dead. 
Thomas Blunt, Dead. 
William Blunt, Dead. 
Samuel Browne, never qualified. 
Elias Herring, Removed. 
Thomas Williamson, Dead. 
John Ruffin, Dead. 
Benjamin Blunt, Acts. 
John Taylor, nev. qualified. 
Henr}' Browne, Removed. 
John Thomas Blow, never qualified. 
John Rogers, Removed. 
Micajah HoUiman, Acts. 
April, 1782 — George Gurley, Sheriff. 

Henry John Burges, never qualified. 
WilPm Urquhart, Do., Do. 



446 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. April, 1792— John Simmons, Sr., Acts. 

July 11th Jesse Whitehead, Dead. 

James Gi'ay, never qualified. 
Timothy Thorp, Dead. 
Miles Car}', Never qualitied. 
John Blunt, do., do. 
David Barrow, Resigned. 
Thomas Butts, never qualified. 
Thomas Turner, Do., Do. 
1784, June 10— Thos. Ridley, acts. 

Albridgon Jones, Jr., Resigned. 
William Hincs, act.^. 
John Myrick, never qualified. 
Jesse Browne, Removed. 
Etheldred Taylor, Dead. 
Thomas Clements, Jr., Dead. 
Richard Edwards, Removed. 
John Wilkinson, never qualified. 
Josiah Vick, acts. 
June, 1788 — Elisha Dardcn, Dead. 

Edm'd Tyler, acts. 
Wm. Edmunds, Acts. 
Jno. Whitehead, Dead. 
James Wilkinson, Acts. 
Daniel Simmons, never qualified. 
March, 1791 — Ilartwell Cocke, Dead. 

Rob't Goodwyn, acts. 
Robert Mabry, Acts. 
John Wright, never qualified. 
Thos. Gray, Do., Do. 
Howell Edmunds, Resigned. 
Benjamin Blunt, Jr., acts. 
Edwin Gray, never qualified. 



SAM^L KELIiO, CI. S. C. 



July 12th Wm. Hartshorne, Treasurer Potomac Co., to Jacquelin Ambler, Esq. 

Respected Friend: 
Alexandria I should be glad to know if the commonwealth can 

now pay the 12th call of £10 on 100 shares subscribed by them to the 
Potomack Company. The State of Maryland have paid up. On I he 1st 
of August 1 must settle with the company, and should be unwilling lo 
return the commonwealth's shares unpaid. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 

Bank notes of Baltiraoro, Philadelphia, or Alexandria will answer, 
even if they should bo on time or thirty days to run, but on the other 
hand, I hope German Gold or Silver will not be offered me, as neither 
pa.ss out here. Please write me on this business as soon as eonvcnicnt, 
and oblige, 

Thy friend. 



447 

1793. 
July 12th 



Robert Taylor and Tuos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 



Sir: 



We enclose a letter directed to us this day by the British Consul, 
re<iue.sling us Lo apply to the French Admiral for a protection or pass- 
port to several Brittish Vessels ready for sailing. We consider such an 
application exceeds any power invested in us, & only lies with y'r Exc'y. 
We shall therefore bo glad of your advice & opinion thereon. 

We are Respectfully, 

Y'r Exc'y's Ob*t Servants. 



July 13th 



Norfolk 



Robert Taylor, Mayor op Norfolk, to the Executive. 

Sir: 

1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 
8lh, advising that the council of State had directed two thousand Dol- 
lars to be applyed to the relief of the distressed on board the Fleet lately 
arrived here from Cape Francois, and that my Drafts on the Treasury for 
that sum would be paid on sight. And I take leave to inclose the pro- 
ceedings of the Court of Aldcrnieo, and to thank your Honorable Board 
in their name for your approbation of their proceedings. 

The number of the unfortunate standing in need of immediate assist- 
ance bus not as yet been ascertained, for tho' every step has been taken to 
obtain lists they have not been procured. From 250 to 350 have received 
rations of provisions, as they have apply'd, but as they are landing from 
the ships every day. I fear their numbers will greatly increase. 

By the desire of persons appointed to distribute relief, 1 have this 
day written the commanding officer, Le Contia, Adm'l Cambes, request- 
ing names of such as in his opinion should receive it. This, on a confer- 
rence held with him on his first landing, he promised to furnish, but I 
imagine the different avocations he is engaged in has hitherto pre- 
vented it. 

I am very respectfully. Sir, 

Your Ob't H'ble Servant. 



July 13th 



Norfolk 



448 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPEBS. 



1793. Wm. Dayies to the Goyernob. 

Sir: 
July 18tli The first ongagcment I bad made for bringing on the books failed, 

Baltimore by a horse proving lame. A second contract has brought them thus far, 
and I hope will lodge them safe at Richmond. 1 have drawn this day 
in favor of Col. Gamble, not being able to dispose of a Bill. The pro- 
posals of Simmons & others 1 Enclose j^ou, but have not been favoured 
with an answer. As Col. Feliger had lefl Philadelphia, I desired Col. 
Fisher to pay attention to any letter franked by you & directed to me. 

In haste I remain with the highest respect. 

Your Excellency's most Obcd. Serv. 



July 19th Commonwealth vs. Coleman. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Samuel Love, Sheriff of Loudoun county — Greeting: 

We command you that you expose to sale those goods and chat- 
tels of James Coleman, late sheriff of the said County, to the value of 
ten pounds three shillings and ten pence half penny, being the amount 
of an Execution sued out of the General court on our behalf against 
William H. Powell for duties which is returned executed and ready to 
satisfy by William R. Taylor, the said James Coleman's deputy, also to 
the value of, at and after the rate of twenty per centum on the said 
amount, to be computed from the 9th day of June, 1791, till payment, 
being the fine incurred by the said James Coleman by failing to pay the 
amount of the said execution into the Treasury according to law, and 
also to the value of seven shillings and six pence — farthing — seventy 
cents; One hundred and five pounds of Tobacco and fifly shillings, or 
five hundred pounds of Tobacco; which accoi-ding to our command you 
have taken, and which remain in your hands unsold, as you have cor* 
titied to the Judges of our General court, to satisfy us, the said sum of 
Ten pounds three shillings and ten pence half penny, and at and after 
the rate of twenty per centum per annum thereon, to be counted irora 
the ninth day of June, 1791, till payment; also seven shillings and six 
pence one farthing — Seventy cents; one hundred & five pounds of To- 
bacco and fifty Shillings, or five hundred pounds of Tobacco, whereof in 
our said court we have recovered execution against the said Jaroctj 
Coleman by virtue of a Judgement in our said Court; And that you 
have the same before the Judges of our said General court, at the capi- 
tol in the city of Richmond, on the first day of the next court to render 
to us. And have then there this writ. 



CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 449 



Witness, John Brown, dork of oui* said Court, at Richmond, the Sev- 1793. 
enteentb day of July, 1793, in the Eighteenth year of our foundation. July I9tb 

J. BROWN. 

Whei'cas the Fieri facias heivtofore had in this case, having been laid 
before the Executive, the Governor on the 25th Inst, gave directions to 
the following effect: 

That the officers to whom any subsequent pi*oces8 may be directed, 
(provided the said propei*ty cannot be sold agreeable to the directions 
of such subsequent process,) cause the same to bo removed to Alexan- 
dria, and there exposed to sale by as early a day as possible, giving rea- 
sonable notice of the time and place of sale, and that payment may be 
made except for the costs, in any warrants receivable by law for arrears 
of Revenue. 

J. PENDLETON. 
AudVs office, 29th July, *93. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Samuel Love, Sh'ff of Loudoun County — Greeting: 

We command you that you expose to sale those goods and Chat- 
tels of James Coleman, late shenff of the said county, to the value of 
nine pounds five shillings and four pence, being the amount of an Exe- 
cution sued out of the General Court on our behalf against William H. 
Powell, for duties which is returned executed and ready to satisfy by 
William R. Taylor, the said James Coleman's deputy; also to the value 
of, at and after the rate of twenty per centum per annum on the said 
amount, to be computed from the ninth day of June, 1791, till payment, 
being the fine incurred by the said James Coleman by failing to pay the 
amount of the said Execution into the Treasury according to law; and 
also to the value of seven shillings and six pence one farthing, seventy 
cents, one hundred and ^ve pounds of Tobacco, and fifty shillings, or 
five hundred pounds of Tobacco, which according to our command you 
have taken, and which remain in your hands unsold, as you have certi- 
fied to the Judges of our General court to satisfy us the said sum of 
nine pounds ^ve shillings and four pence, and at and after the rate of 
twenty per centum per annum thereon, to be computed from the ninth 
day of June, 1791, till payment; also seven shillings and six pence one 
farthing, seventy cents, one hundred and ^ve pounds of Tobacco, and 
fifty shillings, or five hundred pounds of Tobacco, which according to 
our command you have taken, and which remain in your hands unsold, 
as you have certified to the Judges of our General court, to satisfy us, 
the said sum of nine pounds five shillings and four pence, and at and 
after the rate of twenty per centum per annum thereon, to be computed 
from the ninth day of June, 1791, til payment; also seven shillings and 
six pence one farthing, seventy cents, one hundred and ^ve pounds of 

57 



450 CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS. 



1793. Tobacco and fifty shillings, or five hundred pounds of Tobacco, whereof 
July I'Jth i,| ouj. gaid court wo have rocovei*ed executions against the said James 
Coleman. Uy virtue of a Judgement in our said court, and that you have 
the same before the Judges of our General court at the Capital in the 
city of Richmond, on the first day of the next court, to render to us, 
and have then there this writ. 

Witness, John Brown, Clerk of our said Court at Richmond, the 
seventeenth day of July, 1793, in the 18th year of our foundation. 

J. BROWN. 

July 19th The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To SamM Love, sheriff of Loudoun county — Greeting: 

We command you that you expose to sale those goods and chat- 
tels of James Coleman, late sheriff of the said county, to the value of 
forty-one pounds sixteen shillings and five pence farthing, being the 
amount of an execution sued out of the General court in our behalf 
against William H. Powell for duties, which is returned executed and 
read}' to satisfy by William R. Taylor, the said James Coleman's deputy, 
also to the value of, at and after the rate of twenty per centum per 
annum on the said amount, to be computed from the ninth day of June^ 
1791, til payment, being the fine incurred by the said James Coleman 
by failing to pay the amount of the said execution into the Treasury 
according to law ; and also to the value of seven shillings and six pence 
one farthing, seventy cents, one hundred and five pounds of Tobacco 
and fifty shillings, or five hundred pounds of Tobacco, which according 
to our command you have taken, and which remain in your hands 
unsold, as you have certified to the Judges of our General court, to 
satisfy us, the said sum of foi*ty-one pounds sixteen shillings and ^ve 
j)ence, and at and after the i*ate of twenty per centum thereon, to bo 
computed from the ninth day of June, 1791, til payment; also seven 
shillings and six pence one farthing, seventy cents, one hundred and 
(lYQ pounds of Tobacco and fifty shillings, or five hundred pounds of 
Tobacco whereof in our said court we have recovered execution against 
the said James Coleman, by virtue of a Judgement in our said court, 
and that you have the same before the Judges of our General Court at 
the Capitol in the city of Richmond, on the first day of the next court, 
to render to us, and have then there this writ. 

Witness, John Brown, clerk of our said*court, at Richmond, the 17tb 
day of July, 1792, in the 18th year of our foundation. 

J. BROWN. 



July 19th At a meeting of the Directors of the Hospital for tho maintenace and 
Williamis- cure of persons of unsound minds held at tho said Hospital in Williams- 
^'^ burg, tho 19th day of July, 1793: 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 461 



Ordered, that the Treasurer of this Hospital be directed to apply to 1793. 
the Executive for a warrant from the Auditor of Public Accounts on the July 19th 
Treasurer of this State for the sum of two hundred poumJs, for the use 
of the Hospital. 

A Copy: 

WILL. RUSSELL, C. C. D. 



J. Payton to thb Govebnoiu July 20th 

Sir: 

I have received from Mr. Edw*d Smith, two hundred and twenty Winchester 
Dollars, which has been expended in the manner required of me when 
last in Richmond, and the amount we duly forwarded to Col. McClung. 
Whenever an opportunity offers, I shall do myself the honor of enclos- 
ing to you a particular ac^c't of the expenditures. I have no doubt hut 
that Mr. Smith will be reimbursed this sum on application. Being 
with every sentiment of regard & Esteem, 

Your Most Obedient Serv't. 



To the Honourable the Executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia: July 20th 

We, the subscribers. Inhabitants of the Town of Alexandria, 
(who are a part of a company of men consisting of 64, exclusive of 
officers,) Beg leave to Represent that we are desirous of forming our- 
selves into a voluntier company, privileged to choose our own officers, 
and to be subservient only to the General and field officers of the Brigade. 
We are induced to make this request from a Belief that as many of us 
have served in the late American War, & thereby gained Military 
Experience, we should render our country more Essential service than 
if we were subject to the ordinary Militia Enrollment; that we should 
bo better disciplined, Meet more frequently, & be better armed & accou- 
tred, at the same time holding ourselves always ready to act in con- 
junctions with the Militia, when called on. We therefore humbly Con- 
ceive that our plan will meet the approbation of your Honourable Board, 
& that we be permitted to put it into immediate execution. 

At a meeting of the following members this Evening, agreeable to 
advertisement, the officers were chosen as follows: 

Henry Piercy, Capt. 
Mark Edgar, Lieutenant. 
Joseph Bevins, Ensign. 



452 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. If our plan is adopted, we Request 


the commissions may be for\ 


July 20th agreeable to the above choice. 




John Neil, 


Ai*chibald Taylor, 


John A. Beatty, 


John Hai-per, 


Lackens & Beatt}', 


Thomas Laneasar, 


Char. McKnight, 


Jeseph Hodson, 


Caleb Earp, 


John Heard, 


James Camock, 


George Morre, 


Gerrard Brissia, 


Bern*d Gheguiere, 


John Watts, 


Rob't Patton, 


Dan*l Casey, 


Ebenozer Vowcll, 


Williaiu Casey, 


Joseph Faxon, 


Mathew Robinson, 


Phillip G. Maristellcr, 


Guy Atkinson, 


Daniel McDougell, 


John Bennet, 


Marie M. Latruite, 


Bryan •Thompson. 


James Russell, 


Alexander Gordon, 


Char. L. De Turborville, 


Ellis Price, 


William Hall, 


John Smith, 


William Bowness, 


John Lemoine, 


John Munckster, 


John Abert, 


Henry Piercy, 


Mark Edgar, 


Joseph Bevins. 


A true copy of the subscribers' names. 



July 20th 

Auditor's 
office 



J. Pendletonj Auditor, to the Governor. 

The Auditor's Respects to his Exc'y, The Governor, begging to know 
whether the sum advanced to Col. Steele is to be charged to U. S., & 
requests he will sign the order of council for paying the scouts employed 
in the county of Harrison in '90. • 

The Auditor submits to his Exc'y & the Hon'ble Board whether the 
original Vouchei^s may be transmitted along with the account. It will 
require several days to prepare copies. The account is made up & may 
be laid before the Honorable Board on Monday, Unless they should 
conceive it to bo necessary to make copies of th«^ vouchers to accompany 
the account, or to be retained in the Auditor's office. The Auditor docs 
not submit this proposition with a view to avoid the trouble of making 
Copies, but merely to Expedite the transmission of the account. 



July 21st 



John Randolph's Deposition. 



Richmond Betwixt the hours of 10 & 11 o'cl'k of the last Evening, there were u 
number of negroes assembled together in the street near my house: iny 



CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 463 



wife awakened me out of sleep, & Informed mo of negroes being in the 1793. 
sti'cet making a great noise. I immediatel}^ arose & hoisted the window July 2l8t 
& ordered them to disperse. At firet they seemed regardless of my 
words, but after little time dispersed. I retired and threw myself on 
my bed, & hearing them continually walking the street, I arose & went 
softly to my window, where I discovered two negroes close to the wall 
of my house nearly under me; the one spoke to the other telling him 
that the blacks were to kill the white people soon in this place. The 
other asked how soon; the other replied, there must be a day sot. Ho 
said when ; & the other answered, between this and the 15th day of 
October. The other said, what do you give them so long a time for; he 
replied, it would take some time for us to get ready. The other said, 
you wont kill them; his reply was, V\\ be damned if we don't on the 
15th of October. In this time another had Joined them — it still re- 
mained a doubt with two of them whether the plot would be put in 
Execution or not. The one who had been chief Speaker, said he would 
bet them what they pleased — the other asking him what he had to bet; 
he answered, pointing his finger down street, saying that is to be my 
bouse, & this my house— meaning, as I expected, the house 1 live in. & 
now you know my houses; yes, replies one of the others. The one who 
seemed to be chief speaker, said, you see how the blacks has killed the 
whites in the French Island and took it a little while ago. 

JOHN RANDOLPH. 

Sworn to before me, this 22d day of July, 1793, as witness my hand. 

SAM. SCHERER. 

A Copy — Teste: 

A. CRAIG, 
C. C. HALL. 



John Hancock, Governor of Massachusetts, to the Governor op j^jy 2l8t 

Virginia. 

Sir: 

I am direi-ted by the Governour to acquaint your Excellency that Boston 
your letter dated the 6th oi' July currant, was duly received by him, re- 
questinjii: him to inform you of the proceedings of the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, respecting the decision of the supreme Court of the 
United States on the Suability of a state. The General court in their 
last Session took into consideration the pi-oceedings of the Supreme 
federal court, respecting a suit instituted in the said Court b}*^ a citizen 
of another State against the State of Georgia. The Session being short. 



454 CALENDAR OP STATE PAPERS. 



1793. there was only time to appoint a Joint committee of the two branches, 
July 21st receive their report, and refer a matter of so great importance to the 
next session. Since which a similar writ ha*^ been served upon the Gov- 
ernor and the Attorney-General, to answer to a complaint of William 
Yassall, a refugee from the commonwealth; in consequence of which, he 
immediately summoned the Genei-al Court to meet on as early a day as 
could be convenient, as you will observe by the inclosed proclamation. 
When they shall have deliberated and decided upon a matter so very 
interesting to their constituents, he will do himself the honor to com- 
municate the same to you. He conceives this to be a subject highly 
interesting to these states, when it is considered how nearly' their pro- 
ceedings approach to a consolidation of the Federal Government, ami 
consequently the annihilation of the importance and soon the sover- 
eignty of the United States. The Governour directs me to assure your 
Excellency that the receipt of 3*our letter gives him great pleasure, and 
he will be happy to receive your communications upon this and every 
other matter which may effect the importance and independance of I he 
respective states. 

The Gout in the Governor's right hand, prevents your receiving this 
letter signed by himself. He di