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JANUARY 1, 1794. TO MAY 16, 1795, 







Hon. H. ysr. FLOURNOY, 









• V 

JA.MK* K. ^;^X>hK. Pkivtek. 

W. E. SIMON?J A BRO.. Bixders. 


This volume is the seventh in the series of the Calendar of Virginia State Papers. 
It contains in chronological order, papers pertaining exclusively to Virginia, and 
others of the most interesting character pertaining to Virginia and the United States. 
None of those papers, it is believed, have ever heretofore been printed. No Virginia 
history can be complete without embracing these papers, and no history of the 
United States can be complete without containing the matter of such of these 
papers as pertain to the United States. The Virginia papers relating to the whiskey 
insurrection make an important addition to the history of that event. Also the 
papers relating to ships of belligerents lying in proximity in the waters of Chesa- 
peake-bay, are important factoids in the history of the United States. The vigilance 
and management of the Governor of Virginia saved the United States from entan- 
glement in the war then prevailing between France and Great Britain. The United 
States were wholly impotent to prevent collision between these powers in the 
waters of Virginia. They did not possess a single vessel of war to compel the 
observance of peace, nor any adequate means by forts or otherwise to protect Nor- 
folk and the contiguous coast from hostile invasion and violence. In these and all 
cases in which the government of the United States was unable, from want of an 
army and navy to protect the State and the country from aggression or domestic 
violence, Virginia promptly and cheerfully exerted all her power, civil and military, 
to aid the United States. The papers contained in this volume of the Calendar 
show conclusively that without the ready and efficient aid of Virginia, the responsi- 
bilities of the United States under the war power of the Constitution could not 
have been met. 

It may be safely affirmed that this volume is replete with matter interesting 
not only to Virginians but to the people of every part of our common coantry. 



P. Goodwin to the Governor. 1794. 

Solicits the appointment of agent to collect certain arrears of taxes Jan'y let 
and duties in the Brigade district, of which Dinwiddle is a part. Dinwiddle 

Thos. Lud. Leb and W. Alexander to the Governor. Jan'y Ist 

Hecoromend Enock Mason to be appointed agent to collect certain Stafiford 
arrears of taxes and duties in the Brigade district, of which Stafford is 
a part. 

John W. Semple to the Governor. Jan'y Ist 

Solicits the appointment of agent to collect certain arrears of taxes King & 
and duties in the Brigade district, of which King and Queen is a part. Queen 

Elisha C. Dick to the Governor. Jan'y let 

Writes to enable the Executive to judge what compensation he was Alexandria 
entitled to as superintendent of quarantine at Alexandria. Informs the 
Grovemor that he acted in the two capacities of superintendent and 

Vincent Gray, surveyor, certifies that Elisha C. Dick, esquire, super- Jan'y Ist 
intendent of quarantine for the port of Alexandria, entered during the Port District 
contagion in Philadelphia and prior to the Governor's last proclamation, ®^ Alexan- 
fifty-five ships or vessels. 


ll'M^ A. Lewis to the Governor. 

JsBT iMi Fejini that the failure to pay the troops in service in 1793, will injure 
WiM:* tbe recruiting busineHs. Loe county liable to be attacked by the Chero- 
kee IndianK. Recommends Sam'l Todd to be appointed agent to collect 
certain arrears of taxes and duties in the Brigade, of which Stafford is 
a part. 

Jmn'yU J. K. Read to James Wood. 

fCichnKiod Petitions the Executive for compensation as health officer while the 
small'pox prevailed in Richmond. 

imn'y 2d J- K. Read and James Russell jointly solicit the Executive for com- 
Richiuond pensation as health officers. They lost their general practice on account 

of this service, and the daily report to the Executive took much of their 


Jan'y 2d Sam I7EL Coleman to the Libut.-Govsrnor. 

Council Communicates the usual quarterly returns from the Superintendent 

office ^^ ^t^ Point of Fork. 

Jao'y 8d James Dtkes to the GtOVERnor. 

Fredericks- Solicits the appointment as agent to collect certain arrears of taxes 
burg and duties in the Brigade district, of which Fi'cdericksburg is a part^ 

Jan'ySd Edward Carter to the Gtovernor. 

Recommends Mr. Thomas Chilton as agent to collect certain arrears 
of taxes in the Brigade district, of which Prince William is a part. 

Jan'y 3d Matthew Page to Jno. Steele. 

Recommends Capt. Gaines as agent to collect certain arrears of taxes 
in the Brigade district, of which is a part. 


Daniel Coleman, of Caroline county, recommended to the Governor 1794. 
as collector of arrearages of taxes. Jan'y 3d 

Will: Hines of Southampton Co. to the Governor. Jan'y 3d 

Solicits appointment as collector of arrears of taxes for the Eighth Manchester 

H. Brooke to the Governor. Jan'y 4th 

Recommends Thomas Chilton as agent to collect certain arrears of Fauquier 
taxes in the Brigade district, of which Fauquier is a part. 

Wm. Hat to the Governor. Jan'y 4th 

Recommends Captain Charles Yancey as agent to collect arrears of Richmond 
taxes in the Brigade district, of which is a part. 

Resolutions of North Carolina, relating to deoision of the Fed- Jan'y4th 
s&AL Judiciary, that a State may be Sued bt an Individual. 

In Senate^ 4tb January, 1794. 

Whereas, it hath been determined in the Supreme Federal Court of North Care- 
the United States, that a State may be sued by an Individual or Indi- ^^^^ 
vidaals in said Court, 

Resolved, that such a power, however it might have been contem- 
plated by some, was not generally conceived by the Representatives of 
this State in the Convention which adopted the Federal Constitution as 
a power to be vested in the Judiciary of the General Government, and 
that this General Assembly view the same as derogatory of the reserved 
rights and sovereignty of this State. 

Resolved, that the Senators from this State in the Senate of the 
United States be and they are hereby instructed, and the representa- 
tives requested, to take the most speedy and effectual measures to 
obtain such amendments in the Constitution of the United States aa 
will remove or Explain any clause or article of the said Constitution 
which can be construed to imply or Justify a decision, that a State is 
compellable to answer in any suit by an Individual or Individuals in 
any Coaii of the United States. 


1794. BttolTed, that notliiiig io the foregoiDg raolotions oontained shall 

Jao J 4Mh operate to prohibit the Senators and Bepresentatires of this State fW>m 
co-operating with the members of other States in proposing sach other 
amendments to the Federal Constitatlon as to them may appear calcu- 
lated to secore the sovereignty of the Several States and to promote the 
tme interests of the people. 

fiesolved, that his Excellency the Governor is hereby reqoested to 
commanicate the foregoing resolves to the Supreme Ezecative of the 
Several States, and to the Senators and representatives from this State 
to the Con|i:ress of the United States. 

By order, 


In the House of Commons, 11th January, 1794, read and concurred 

J. LEIGH, S. H. C. 
By order, 

J. HUNT, C. H. C. 

Jan*y4kb ^' BaooKB to ths GrOTKRsroE. 

Agreeably to your directions, I attended the Escheator in the county 
^""^ of Frederick, on 24th tdu when the title to that part of the manor of 
Leeds lying within that County was submitted to the determination of 
an inquest, a majority of whom found against the Commonwealth. 

On reflecting on the Inquisition since it was taken, I am induced to 
beleive it is defective, and will not conclude the rights of the State; but 
of this I suppose the Att*y>Geni will inform you, after having consid- 
ered it. 

I also attended the Escheator in the County of Fauquier, on the 27th, 
but as the time given me to reflect on the subject, as well as the infor- 
mation, had been very limited, and 1 could not after the argument at 
Frederick have that recourse to Books that I wished, I took the liberty 
of advising the Escheator of Fauquier to postpone taking his inquest 
untill the 19th of April, when I hope to be fully prepared to assert the 
rights of the Commonwealth. 

Having no opportunity of seeing the Escheator of Shanandoah, I 
could make no possative arrangement for his County, but recommended 
him, by letter, to appoint some day eariy in April to take his Inquest 
and to give me such notice as will enable me to attend him. 

As a further reason for my presuming to delay this business, I beg 
leave to observe that it appeared to me to be the wish of all the Individ- 
uals who conceived themselves particularly interested in the determina- 
tion of it. To them it appeared strange that after so many years had 


elapsed without proceeding one step in the business, it should now be 1794. 
precipitated at an inclement season oi the year, and without such notice Jan'y 4th 
as would inable those who might think it necessary to procure counsel 
ID aid of the Commonwealth to do so. These and many other observa- 
tions satisfied me that the only means of preventing that dissatisfaction, 
which would have discovered itself on the failure of the Commonwealth 
on a second instance, was to postpone the prosecution of the business 
for a short time, which I hope will experience your approbation, and 
that you will believe me to be, &c. 

MoNs's P. A. Cherui, Viob-Consul French Republic, to the Gov- Jan'y 4th 


Alexandria, the 4th January, 1794, 
the 3d year of the French Republic. 

Citizen Cherui, Yice>Consul of the French Republic in Alexandria, to Alexandria 
Mr. H. Lee, Governor of Virginia, and Commanding Officer of the 
Military Forces of the State: 

Having been appointed on the 31st of the last month Yice- 
Consul of the French Republic in Alexandria, with the Exequatur of 
the President of the United States, I thought a duty incumbent on me 
to Mr. Loyd Lee's, where I heard with regret you had Jubt set off to 

I have since exhibited my title papers to the Constituted Authorities 
in this Town that I might find in their powers the help and rights 
which my office place may require in some cases, according to the treat- 
ies and rules agreed to thereupon. As you are the Chief Magistrate of 
this State, and none of the Authorities can act without you, I request 
you to send them the necessary orders, if there is any occasion for it. 

If niy affairs did not detain me in Alexandria, where I am absolutely 
necessary to distribute succours to a great number of Frenchmen come 
from St. Domingo, twelve of whom are in the greatest distress, and 
sollicit the beneficence of the Inhabitants of this State, I would have 
been happy to go and acquaint you personally with these title papers, 
and to assure you of the desire I have of deserving the esteem of the 
first magistrate of the province where I live, and that I will endeavour 
to acquire by my behavior and respect for the sovereignty of a free peo- 

Be satisfied. Sir, that I will employ all means to prove to the inhabi- 
tants of this State, as well as to the bravo Republican who commands 
over them, the most inviolable attachment which ought forever unite 
oar two Republics, k the greatest respect for the laws & Constituted 
Aathorities of a Country which I honor, since it has been the first 


1794. which shook off the yoke of Tyranny, and traced to U8 by the Courage 
Jan'y 4th of its inhabitants and the virtues of its Chiefs the sacred road to liberty. 
Accept, Sir, my sincere regard and respect. 

P. S. — I take the liberty to Enclose in the present letter a list^ of the 
French men who are in need of relief and whom the French Republic 
has relieved since their arrival six weeks ago. 

Balance of the Books belonging to the President, Directors & Company 
of the Bank of Alexandria, taken the first Monday in January, 1794: 

To Bills A notes Di8counted..277,435 98 By Stock.. 150,000 00 

Tb Cash.. 73,215 22 By Post Notes issued 34,758 70 

To Incidental charges 6,986 54 By Bank Notes.. 133,760 00 

By DepodtB 38,216 74 

By Discounts 10,845 63 

By Profit & Loss 55 67 

357,636 74 357,636 74 

Bank of Alexandria, 

January 6th, 1794. 


Jan'y 6th David Ross to the Governor. 

Cobbam Recommending Bcnj'n Day as agent for collecting arrears of taxes 
in Brigade district, of which Fredericksburg forms part. 

Jan'y 6th ^- Burwell to the Governor. 

King Wil- Soliciting agency for collecting arrears of taxes in Brigade district, of 
liam county which King William forms a part. 

Jan'y 6th Thomas Watkins to the Governor. 

Halifax Recommending Peter Barksdale as collector of arrears of taxes in 

Brigade district, of which Halifax is part. 

* List lile<i with ori)dnal papers. 


Chables Wills to the Governor. 1794. 

I am iDformed since my return from Bichraond that Gapt'n John Jan'y 7th 
McCollock from this county made an Incursion with thirty men into the Ohio county 
Indian Country, fell in with two Camps, divided his men, and attacked 
them at daybreak; Carried the one where he commanded, but thro' the 
misconduct of Lieut. Biggs, who was to have attacked the other, he 
says, was obliged to abandon them. The particulars I hope Capt. Mc- 
Collock has before this Informed your Excellency of. The Indians have 
since killed three men of Eight, who were on a Scout at the same time. 
As the army under Gen'l Wayne has made little progress last fall, we 
are likely to receive early visits from some of the Indian tribes the ensu- 
ing Spring. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Warner Lewis to the Governor. Jan'y 8th 

Recommends Peter B. Whiting as agent for collection of arrears of Gloucester 
taxes in the Brigade district, of which Gloucester is a part. 

Phil. B. Thompson to Jno. Steele. Jan'ySth 

Recommending David Strother for agent for collecting arrears of Cnlpeper 
taxes in Brigade district of which Culpeper forms part. 

Wm. Fleming Gaines to Jas. Wood. jan'y 8th 

Solicits appointment as agent for collecting arrears of taxes in Brig- King Wil- 
ade district, of which King William forms a part. ^^°^ 

John Jameson to the Governor. Jan'y 8th 

Recommending Daniel Strother for appointment as agent for collect- Culpeper 
ing arrears of taxes in the Brigade district, of which Fauquier forms 

Benjamin Temple to the Gtoyernor. Jan'yOth 

Solicits the appointment of agent for the collection of the arruan of ELing Wil- 
tAxes in the Brigade district, of which King WUIiam is a part. ^^^ <»anty 

TrVr.iTO'^ IP fllillS ?a2[33& 

ntiii IsKwoL Sl^by :xi ^3^ 

.dttT-r nth 2l«ii«rrt 2unr^ !lt«. T.iiniii "Vtfcoiiupxin. Thiiio Z^e±, Huamcrt 
'^W^nnion- ^ilk»r HTmiiii. T:iuxi!!£r IL^iirtbtir Hm. iiiu. (mten^ TSsmnniBiii Jsa. 

"Innriviin Zjsm ti **nT ¥wiTrscin& 

iJimrrrv n! ▼•nun V«niiinMtuiu :tiniH' -vun. 

iS/wwLitMntii* ViL PiJiwia «K j4£«a7 i:c ^?L:«fcai»«^iL ^n^ ;inMnn o^ taxes 


Alex: Stuart to the Governor. 1794. 

Recommends Wm. Patton as agent for collecting arrears of taxes in Jan'y 10th 
Brigade district, of which Staunton is part. 

Petition of John Poindexter, Jr., and others for the pardon of negro Jan'y 11th 
woman Peg, condemned in the County Court of Louisa to suffer death 
for an attempt to administer poison. 

Wm. Da vies to the Governor. Jan'y I2th 

Soliciting appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes for Broadway 
Brigade district, in which is a part. 

Samuel Todd to the Executive. Jan'y 13th 

Soliciting appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Rixikbridge 
Brigade district, of which Botetourt is a part. county 

Wm. Graham to the Governor. Jan'y 18th 

Recommends Sam'l Todd as agent for collection of arrears of taxes 
for Brigade district, of which Botetourt forms part. 

Daniel Carroll Brent to the Governor. Jan'y I4th 

Recommends Enoch Mason as agent for collection of arrears of taxes Stafford 
in Brigade district, of which Stafford forms part. county 

Andrew Reid to the Governor. Jan'y I5th 

Solicits appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Bri- Rockbridge 
gade district, of which Rockbridge forms part. ^' ^^* 

John Oliver to the Governor. jan*y I5th 

SolicitiDg appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Bath county 
Brigade district, of which Bath forms part. 




Alex: Campbell, Att't Gen'l, to the Governor. 

Jan'y loth I have roc'd your Excellency's letter of this day, and in Conaequence 
Richmond of it, have written to the British and French Consuls at Norfolk the 
letters which are enclosed. The instructions w'ch I have received from 
the President of the U. S. contemplate, before any duty is imposed on 
me, or any authority is committed to me, an actual seizure of the ves- 
sel, sufi^gested to have been captured within the limits of our Jurisdic- 
tion, and a notification of that seizure from the Governor. To gratify, 
however, as much as I can the complaining party, I have appointed a 
day in Norfolk for the purpose of taking the depositions of the wit- 
nesses mentioned by the British Consul, and of any others which he or 
the opposite party may bring before me. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Jan'y 16th 

Sam. Hopkins, Jr., to the Gtovernor. 

Logsdale Recommends Thomas Vaughan as agent for collection of arrears of 
taxes in Brigade district, of which Mecklenburg forms part. 

Jan'y 16th 

John Key to James Wood, Lt. Gov'r. 

Albemarle Being applied to lately by one of my County men to assist in making 
of a Court to take depositions, &c., to enable him to get a second deed 
for a tract of Land conveyed to him before our records ware destroyed 
by the enemy. Not knowing whether I was named in the Commis- 
sion, applyed to the Clerk's Office to see whether or not, but none could 
bo found; therefore I would not undertake to bo one of the members, 
and suppose others refused likewise. He again requested the favor of 
me to write the Governor and Council on the occasion. Having the 
honer to have some acquaintance with you is the reason I address my- 
self to you in behalf of the poor man, who assures me unless the hon- 
• orable Board grants him some relief, it is to bring ruin on him. I hope 
the law is not repealed giving the honorable Board the power in send- 
ing new commissions on applications to them made on such occasions, 
if not, hope the honorable Board will take it under consideration, and 
give the necessary relief in their wisdom, and the Laws authorizes your 
assistance on this occasion, will Greatly oblige a poor man and your 

Most Obedient & Humble Servant. 

P. S. — In case the law requires a Special Commission, the man is 
James Old of Albemarle County, 


Sam: Huntingdon, Governor of Connecticut, to the Governor of 1794. 


I am honored with your letter of the 15th ulto., covering a Resolve of Jan'y 15th 
the General Asaemhly of the Commonwealth of Virginia, of the 28th of Norwich 
November, to which it refers. 

I have also the satisfaction to acquaint your Excellency that the 
Legislature of this State, in October last, passed a Resolve giving direc- 
tions and instructions to the members from this State now in Congress 
similar to those expressed in the Resolves of the General Assembly of 
the Commonwealth over which you have the honor to preside. 

I am not possessed of a copy of our Resolve, which must plead my 
Excuse for not transmitting the same at this time. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Rioh'd Eennon to the GrOVERNOR. Jan'y 16th 

Recommends Thos. Vaughan as collector of arrears of taxes for Bri- Mecklen- 
gade district, of which Mecklenburg is part. ^^^ 

Robert Slaughter appointed Collector of Taxes for the year 1793 in Jan'y 16th 
the county of Culpeper. Richmond 

John Guerrant to the Governor. Jan'y 16th 

Recommends Thomas W. Royster as agent for collection of arrears of Goochland 
taxes in Brigade district, of which Goochland is part. county 

William Clark to the Governor. jan'y I6th 

Soliciting appointment as collector of arrears of taxes in Brigade dis- Albemarle 
trict, of which Albemarle forms part. 

Wm. Hat to the Governor. Jan'yl7th 

Rengning as Director of Pubiio Buildings. 




Jan*v 16th 


Sam'l Coleman to ths Gotsbnor. 

The Enclosed papers are claims of William Graham for 160 Days' ser- 
vice as Scout in Greenbrier County, amounting to forty pounds; and ot 
Matthew Farley for 153 days' service as a Scout in the Same County. 
The proof of these services appears by the oath of the persons employ- 
ing them, and their Employment wa8 authorized by Colonel Steele. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Jan'y 17th 


Robert Tatlor, Mayor of Norfolk, to the Goyerhor. 

Col : Newton, about the 18th of December, delivered me two thous- 
and dollars, to be applied to the relief of the French Emigrants from 
Cape Francois. 

Mess. Donald Campbell and Baylor Hill, who were appointed by the 
Court Commissioner for the purpose of distributing the benevolence of 
the country, inform me that this, as well as what other money they have 
had in their hands, is exhausted; they therefore desire me to mention 
it to you, Sir, that if any further sum can be obtained for this purpose 
that they now stand in need of it. On Tuesday, the 14th Inst., an 
information was lodged with Col: Newton by the French Consul that 
some Frenchmen had meditated a Riot or an Attack upon some who 
were lodged in the Hospital at the Ferry Point late that night. Colo. New- 
ton apply ed to me on the Subject, when he informed me that he had 
resigned his Commission, and that the next officer in Command of the 
Militia wished not to order a guard except by direction of the Civil 
Magistrate. Tho' I do not know if I had any such authority, yet as 
I Considered the Peace and tranquility of the Town the first object, I 
wrote to the Commander of the Militia requesting him to order a guard 
of fifteen men, under a Captain, to parade the Streets, and to retain 
and confine all riotous, disorderly persons. Mr. Oster had also applyed 
to the Commanding Officer of the County, who, at his request, had sent 
a Guard to the Hospital, between whom and the Guards of this Town 
some signal had been agreed upon, which being wantonly given occa- 
sioned the Drum to beat to arms about 4 o^cPk on Wednesday Morning, 
but the same being immediately discovered, and the Drum silenced, it 
occasioned less alarm in the Town than could be expected, especially as 
the alarm of fire is by beat of Drum. 

In the morning of Wednesday, I waited on the French Consul to 
enquire into the Business. From him I rec'd the letter, a translation of 
which I now have the honor to Enclose you, with an information that 
he had called at my house the Evening before, but not finding me at 
home had lodged it with Col. Newton. 



I have been thus particular in this affair, as things of this nature are 1794. 
generally misrepresented. For my own part, I think the Peace officers Jan'y 17th 
of the Borough sufficient in General to preserve the tranquility and 
order of the town ; and that although the French Consul has been led 
to believe serious consequences were intended, yet from every enquiry 
I can make I am apt to think it was nothing more than a private quar- 
rel, improperly represented to him, but yet, in our present situation, 
having a British Frigate in our Harbor, and a French Ship of 10 Guns, 
which arrived here yesterday with dispatches from Brest, perhaps some 
other precaution may be necessary. I know. Sir, that complaints have 
been made that the Guards lately called out was Burthensome and 
oppressive in operation. This, I imagine, may have proceeded from 
more being on the duty than was necessary ; but if six men were called 
out every night with the Town Watch I should hope the security of 
the Town would be assured, and the Inhabitants not oppressed with 
the rotine of duty that so small a number would occasion, and if it is 
permittant with the Militia Law to be put under the Control of the 
Civil Magistrate by the return of the night being to him, I should 
hope it would also add to its Peace and order. 

It would be perhaps right if, instead of six men from the Militia, six 
were added to the Nightly Watch, but the Town has already incurred 
so many Expences during the last year, that it is not able to make 
this addition without distressing the Inhabitants, and as the guard is 
intended to keep the peace in which the whole Country is interested, it 
will be perhaps thought it should be a general Expense. 

I have considered it my duty to report to you our situation, that you 
may direct a Guard if you think it proper, and I take leave to assure 
your Excellency that I shall endeavor all that in me lies to preserve 
the Peace and order of the Town, at no time more necessary than at 
present, when men's minds seem to be afloat and wandering to objects 
that may not be either Conducive to their own happiness, or, what is 
still of more consequence, the public welfare. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Norfolk, January 14th, 1794. Jan'y 17th 

Third year of the French Republic, at six o'cl'k in the Evening. 


I am informed that a number of Frenchmen, who are to me as yet 
unknown, but reside in this Town, are disposed to trouble the tranquil- 
ity of a Family, and some particular persons, who are very Respectable 
by their patriotism to the French Republic, and that their intention is 
to go this Evening to Attack them at the Hospital, where they have 
lodged since the Day before yesterday; that they arrived from New 


Jaa*y 17ih 


Jan'y 17th 

York furnished with recomxneiidatioDS to which I owe the greatest 
respect, and by which I am authorized to attend to their Safety, their 
wants, and their passage to France br the French vess^ which are 
momently expected. This disposition on the part of these Distarbers of 
the pnblick repose, giving me the most poignant apprehensions, I 
impress myself with confidence, sir, to have reeonrse to yonr anthority 
in order to hinder any Assembly of Frenchmen in the Town, and to 
stop by this means their Eyil projects. The safety <^ the persons who 
are recommended to me appearing to demand Some Days a Safe Guard, 
I intreat yon earnestly to have the goodness to grant them. Yonr seal 
for good order, and yonr Loye of hamanity, being known to me, I hope 
that joa will condescend to my request, and that you will not doubt 
more of the sincere thankfulness that shall have for it. than of the 
Sentiments of my attachment and respect for jou. 




To Mr. Robert Taylor, 

Mayor of Norfolk, 

A&THirR Campbell to the GoyEENoa. 

Washington Replies to accusations of Capt, A. Lewis against Lieutenant Willough- 
^'^^'"^^ by. Defends the court-martial held for his trial. Charges Capt, Lewis 
with falsehood in his letter written to the Goyemor, and being actuated 
by malice rather than a loye of truth. 

Jan'y 17th 

John Barrett, Mayor of Richmond, to the GoyERNOR. 

Richmond In order to giye the Executiye the information they required respect- 
ing the French Emigrants from St. Domingo, I was obliged to apply to 
Mr. Dubois for his assistance, who is well acquainted with the circum- 
stances of all those unfortunate people that came to this place, and he 
hath furnished me with the information Inclosed, to which I refer you. 
It appears that except Mr. Lanes, his family, and Mr. Meifrein (who are 
supported altogether by charity), the rest are all tradesmen, and are 
able to support themselves Comfortably. Mr. Lanes and his family are 
to be found at Mr. Truins in this city. 

I have the honor, &c. 

M. Meifrein now at a French Lady's, who lives close by Gab. Wood. 

M. Lanes, his wife big with child, and a boy their son, wishes to be 
enabled to return immediately to St. Domingo. The husband prefer to 
expose himself to the inconveniences of war rather than be a charge to 


this country in a moment where his wife's situation would require too 1794. 
much expence. Jan'y 17th 

The other Gentlemen from St. Domingo living now in this town, but 
who can support themselves are the following: 

Mr. Marchand, his wife, and a boy their son ; 

Mr. Courty, who lives at Crouches; 

Mr. Bronde, at Chelsea; 

Mde. Rancourt, at Chelsea; 

Three French Taylors on the other side of the creek. 

There was here, some time ago, a French Carpenter, who applied to 
me; I found Employment for him, but having been displeased, he went 
away, and I don't know what is become of him. 

Thos. Nbwton to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. Jan'y ISth 

Agreeable to your warrant, Joseph Lavelle has been up, and was last Norfolk 
night committed to Goal, by the Mayor of this place. A question arose 
whether he was bailable or not. We shall be much obliged for your 
& the Attorney-General's opinion thereon, as he has offered Bail, & from 
circumstances and depositions the man appears to be innocent. Your 
warnt directs him to be legally Committed; this caused a doubt 
whether he could be admitted or not to bail ; he now is ready to be 
delivered to Gov'r Mifflin when he pleases to demand him. I had him 
taken up & brought before me, but under the Act of Congress allowing 
bail in certain cases, I was of opinion the Mayor cou'd bail him, there- 
fore sent him for that purpose, but he differed in opinion & committed 
him. As this is a matter of consequence, the first thing of the kind 
which has happened in these parts, we beg the fullest information for 
the conduct of the Justices in future. Another case has arose here 
which also requires y'r advice & consent. Several of the seamen from 
the British Ships of war have deserted ; we should be glad to know 
whether, on complaint, they are to be taken up by the civil officera; 
this is a case of consequence & very often happening & I am at a loss 
bow to proceed, as the Act of Congress for the Government of Seamen 
in the merchant's service do not take this in. I am 

D'r Sir, 

Y'rs Respectfully. 

Thos. Rotster to the Governor. Jan'y20th 

Solicits appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Bri- Goochland 
gade district, of which Goochland is part. 




Wm. Hay to the Governor. 

Jan'y 20th Recommends Benjamin Oliver, Jr., and Wm. Hines (the former of 
Richmond Hanover Town, the latter of Southampton,) as agents for the collectioD 
of arrears of taxes in the Brigade district, of which Hanover and South- 
ampton form parts respectively. 

Jan'y 20th 

Thomas Read to the Governor. 

Charlotte Recommends Col. Thos. Spencer agent for collection of arrears of 
taxes in Brigade district, of which Charlotte forms part. 

Jan'y 2l8t 

Jno. Tyler to the Governor. 

Green way Recommends Hamilton Wilcox as agent for collection of arrears of 
taxes in Brigade district, of which is part. 

Jan'y 22d 

Mungo Harvey to the Governor. 

Westmore- Soliciting appointment for regulating the militia and as agent for 
^*^^ collection of arrears of taxes in Brigade district, of which Westmore- 
land forms part. 

Jan'y 22d 

J. Pendleton, Auditor, to the Governor. 

Richmond Having escaped the General rage on a late occasion, I am preparing 
to leave town in order to avoid the mild alternative of innoculation. 
From the situation of the place and the season of the year, I presume 
but little running business will occur for some time; and as the Gentle- 
man Clerks are well acquainted with the respective branches of the 
publick business, I flatter myself no inconvenience will result from my 
absence. I shall remove only six miles into the Country, and will 
endeavor to obviate any delay or difficulty by frequent communications 
with the Gentlemen in the office, and I will avail myself of the earliest 
safe moment to return to the duties of my office. Mr. Shepard will 
prepare a statement of the arrearages according to the Act under which 
the Executive are to operate on the first Wednesday in next nfonth. 

I wish all patients (Except Doctors & Magistrates) happily through 
the disorder of w*ch I am myself so much afraid. I shall leave Town 
about Saturday. I bogg leave to present my best respects to your 
Bxc*y and the members of the Hon'ble Board, and I am, with respect, 
your Ex'cy*8 

Most ob't serv't. 


Ben J. Johnson to Hon. James Wood. 1794. 

RecommeDcls Richard Barboar as agent for collection of arrears of Jan'y 22d 
taxes for Brigade district, of which Orange forms part. Orange Co. 

H. Brooke to the Governor. Jan'y23d 

Solicits the appointment of agent for collection of arrears of taxes Fanquier 
for Brigade district, of which Fauquier forms part. 

Edward Carter to the Governor. Jan'y24th 

Recommends E. Brooke as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Prince 
Brigade district, of which Prince William forms part. ' **^ 

Thos. Lee, Jr., to the Governor. Jan'y 24th 

Recommends Henry Dade Hoe as agent for collection of arrears of Park Gate 
taxes in Brigade district, of which is part. 

Ro. Beale to the Governor. Jan*y24th 

Solicits appointment as collector of arrears of taxes in Brigade dis- Madison Co. 
trict, of which Madison is part. 

Samuel Duval to the Governor. Jan'y 2iHh 

Solicits appointment as agent for collecting arrears of taxes in Brig- Franklin 
ade district, of which Franklin forms part. Courthouse 

Edmund Winston to the Governor. • Jan'y 25th 

Rooora mends Alex. Stuart as agent for collecting arrears of taxes for Camphell 
Brigade district, of which Campbell forms part. county 

Samuel Riohardson to the Governor. Jan'y 25th 

Solicits an appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Fluvanna 

Brigade district, of which Fluvanna is part. 




Jan. 2&th Becommenda Edmund Brooke aa agent for collection of arrears of 

Fredericka- taxes in Brigside district, ot which Prince William forma part, 

Jao.20ih Lah&bvcs Mush to thb Gtovebnob. 

Tappahan- Solicita the appointment aa agent for collecting arrears of taxes in 
'^^ Brigade diatrict, of which Easex forms part. 

Jan. 27th Jamss Goyan, Robikt Pollasd, Thomas Nklsoit, and J. Nklson, 

Ckktificath as to Wm. F. Gaiwks. 

Recommend Wm. F. Graines aa agent for collecting arrears of taxes 
in Brigade district, of which forms part. 


Recommends Peter Barksdaie as agent for collecting arrears of taxeH 
in Brigade district, of which HaliJ&x forms part. 

Jan. 27th Joel Watkins and others recommend Peter Barksdaie as agent for col- 
lection of taxes in Brigade district, of which Halifax is part. 


West Lib- I beg leave to inform yon that some time in the month of November 
^y Capt. John McColloch and Lieut. Joseph Biggs, with part of their Ran- 
gers, went a scout west of the Ohio River ; thoj found some Indian 
Camps; divided the party in order to attack them in different quarters — 
the Captain Commanding one party and the Lieut: the other. On 
their return there arose a dispute between the two officers, on which 
the Captain arrested the Lieut., and has not yet called on any Com- 
manding Officer of a Regiment for a trial. On my return from Rich- 
mond, the Lieut, applyed to mo to call a Court. I summoned a suffi- 
cient number of Officers. When they met, the Capt. Refused to lay in 
any charge. The Lieut, appears to be anxious for the trial (Believing 
himself innocent); that unless he can have a trial shortly, it may be an 
injury to him in Raising his quota of men for the Ensuing Summer. 


The Reason the Capt. gave for not giving in the charge was he did not 1794. 
consider himself under the notice of the Militia Officers; that no person Jan. 27th 
had the authority to order a court for that purpose except the Governor 
or Major Lowder. I therefore Beg you to order a Court Martial, or 
direct some officer in the Brigade how to proceed in the Business, as the 
Capt. appears to he very particular Respecting the matter. 

I am, Sir, &c. 

H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. Jan. 27th 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 18th War 
instant. It will be entirely out of ray power, Sir, to direct an advance I^P*^°^«^^ 
of any money upon an unliquidated account for the services of the 
militia. The Treasury will decline furnishing the money for suoh a 
purpose. ' The shortest mode, therefore, will be to direct the accounts 
to be transmitted to the accountant of this Department, at whose office 
the accounts must be adjusted. I shall urge the business with all my 
power, and the sum which shall be found due shall be paid without 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Benjamin Biggs to the Governor. Jan. 27th 

Agreeable to my instructions frori^ you, I have ordered out the num- Ohio county 
ber of Scouts & Rangers on the winter Bstablishment. I feel myself 
concerned respecting the defence of the frontiers the ensuing summer, 
tho' I believe the arrangements made by council to be sufficient as to 
the number of men. The scarcity of ammunition is a particular object. 
We have not in our county more than twenty wt. of the publick pow- 
der. Lead we have none. I know not how the other Counties Belong- 
ing to the Brigade may be circumstanced, I Believe nearly the same 
situation with ourselves. We yet depend on the Executive for their 
friendship towards the frontiers, and pray them to send a supply of 
ammunition as early as possible. We have no account of Gen'l Wayne^s 
coming to an action this winter, therefore may reasonably expect the 
Indians to visit us early in the spring. There has been Contentions 
about the appointing of the Scouts in this District for the Ensuing 
Summer establishments; it is my wish that the Executive be particular 
and authorize some person for that purpose. Sir, I am, Ac. 


1794. Chapman Austin to the Governor. 

Jan. 28th Solicits appointment as agont for collection of arrears of taxes in Bri- 
Hanover gade district, of which Hanover is part. 

Jan. 28th ThOS. LeB, Jr., TO THE GOVERNOR. 

Park Gate Colo. Simms, of Alexandria, lately shewed me a memorial addressed 
to the Executive that he has drawn up and had signed by several of the 
Tenants, on the Land oi the Commonwealth which I have been ap- 
pointed to sell. I was summoned by one of the Tenants on behalf of 
himself and the rest to attend the taking of Depositions to support the 
claims set forth in the memorial. Not conceiving it any way con- 
nected with my duty, I did not attend, but the day after the time ap- 
pointed I rode over to see some of the Tenants about their Replevy 
Bonds, and found Colo. Simms still engaged in taking depositions. 
From the information I have received, admiting any of the memorial- 
ists to be possessed of a right to the claim they set up, I am sure some 
of the signers to the memorial have not the least shadow of a title. From 
the cursory reading of the memorial and Depositions shown me, there 
are facts stated, which I am warranted to say are erroneous, and if the 
Executive think of acting on the memorial. I hope they will lett me 
have an opportunity of seeing both memorial and depositions, and col- 
lecting such information as will put the business in a fair point of view. 
For my own part, I cannot but think if the Tenants have any right to 
leases, that a Court of Law is a proper place for them to seek redress. 
If they are injured, the Commonwealth by selling their right and title 
to the land cannot in any degree weaken or lessen the Tenants' claim 
to leases. It was in a court of law that a number had their right to 
leases confirmed to them when the Commonwealth last ordered the 
Land to be sold, and some of the present signers to the memorial then 
trj'cd and failed in proving before a Jury any title to a lease, and had 
their claims dismissed. I have advertised the lands to be sold the first 
Monday in May. I postponed it to that late period because at that 
time the land in this part of the Countr}' has its best appearance and 
will be most likely to Command a price equal to what I conceive its real 
value. The tenants have not yett taken their tobacco down. They 
promised to make payments so soon as they do, which, with what little 
I now have by me, shall be forwarded to the Treasury. I hope by 
March Court to have the acc*ts against the Estates of Messrs. Bullitt, 
Carr, & Chapman in readiness to move against them. 

I have the honor to be, Dear Sir, with great esteem, 

Your very obedient, humble servant. 



Robert Williamson to thb Governor. 


Solicits appointment as agent for collection of arreai*s of taxes in Jan. 28th 

Brigade district, of which Henry forms part. 


F. Watkins to the Governor. 

Jan. 28th 

Recommends Major Bibb as agent for collection of arrears of taxes Prince 
in the Brigade district, of which Prince Edwards forms part. Edward 

C. M. Thurston to the Governor. 

Jan. 29th 

I yesterday received your letter of ye 25th instant, with the instruc- Richmond 
tions of the Executive and the resolution of tbe Assembly of 12th Dec. 
last, relative to Escheator. In answer I can only say, and with all the 
confidence of conscious rectitude, that the information which gave rise 
to the Resolution, so far as it bears an aspect towards my conduct or 
myself, is a slander. I have neither been inattentive or delinquent, but 
have performed my duty. The oflScer who should have attended the — 
has either mistaken his, or the law is defective. As Escheator, I made 
application first to the Attorney for the State & district wherein I reside, 
to be ready to attend then and a Jury on an Escheat process. In reply 
he said that he did not consider the business within his province, which 
he conceived to be confined to Criminal cases only. My recourse, and 
the only one left, was then to the attorney for the county of Frederick. 
He denied that be could have any concern with it, being only an officer 
of, and under the court of the county, and therefore could not act on 
any occasion when the property of the State was in litigation. This is 
a naked statement of facts. How far as Escheator I have been guilty of 
inattention or delinquency, or whether the law is defective or the Attor- 
ney has mistaken his duty, rests with the Executive to determine. But 
if the law is sufficiently explicit in designating the proper officer to 
attend the Escheator and open up the case to the Jury, then is it solely 
in the power of the Executive to obviate the difficulty. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Nat. Anderson to Mr.. A. Blair. 

Jan. 29th 

Soliciting appointment as agent for collecting arrears of taxes in Hanover 
Brigade district, of which Hanover is part. CJounty 


1794. W. Cabell to the Governor. 

Jan. 29th Recomraends N. Stewart as agent tor colleetion of arrears of taxes iu 
Amhent Brigade district, of which Amherst is part. 


Amherst RecommeDds A. Crawford as agent for collection of arrears of taxes 
in Brigade district, of which Amherst forms part. 

Jan. 30th Th. Johnson, Dd. Stuart, Das'l Carroll, Federal Commission- 
ers, TO THE Governor. 

Washington Wo are sorry to perceive by the intercourse between our Treasurer 
and Mr. Hopkins that there is no certainty of a speedy payment of the 
last part of the Virginia Donation to this City, and that unless a particu- 
lar arrangement is made by the Executive, our hopes and the public 
expectation will be disappointed. Permit me. sir, to intreat your atten- 
tion to this object, the importance of which might be so strongly with- 
in your view, and that the Executive will take the necessary measures 
to ascertain us of the Receipt ot a considerable part of this money 
soon, for we assure you our affairs will require it. 

We are. Sir, 

Your most obed't Servants. 

Jan.sist Edmund Randolph, Attorney-General United States, to the 


Phila- When I had the honor of seeing your Excellency in Richmond in 

deiphia j^jy |^g^^ j entrusted to the Commissioner of Loans the Adjustment of 
a cause upon the subject of your letter of the 18th instant. It so hap- 
pened that the papers did not reach me until afler the Session of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, in August last. Ah soon as I re- 
ceived them, I communicated them to the Secretary of the Treasury, 
and he returned them to me about the latter end of the last week. The 
day before yesterday Mr. Bradford qualified as the Attorney-General ot 
the United States, and they are now in his hands, as the groundwork of 
a proceeding, which I have requested him to institute at the Ensuing 
Session, which begins on the third day of next month. 

I have the honor, &c. 


P. Hbnry to thb Governor. 1794. 

Eecommonds Francis Jaraes as agont for collection of arrears of taxes Jan. Slst 
in Brigade district, of which forms part. Long Island 

Elizabeth Lovell to the Governor. January 

Asking the Governor for a new warrant to enable her to get a pension Northum- 

as the widow of Lovoll, for service in the Continental Army, ^^??*^ 

the first warrant having been lost through the inattention of G. Stock- 

Dennis Ramsay, Mayor of Alexandria, to the Governor en- Feb. ist. 


I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the Alexandria 
22d nlto., and in conformity thereto I have made enquiry respecting the 
sitaation of the French Emigrants from Saint Domingo in and near 
this Town, which you will find by the enclosed statements, and which 
I believe is as near the truth as possible. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

List of the unhappy frenchmen in Alexandria in the State of Vir- 
ginia, on the Ship Harriot of Newburyport, Capt. Bradbury, on the 
25tb of November last, who were taken as a prise by the Sloop Arm, 
Captain Harvey, from Bermuda, where they have been conducted, and 
plundered of everything, money, Jewels, plate, and of a part of their 

The s'd frenchmen have received no succours except those which 
have been granted to them by the Republic afler the order of the min- 

The widow Ducrocy, 50 years old. 

The widow Ghalette, her daughter a little girl 3 years old. 

The Widow Roderique, 60 years old. 

The widow Dupin, 36 years old; Mr. Clarifoud; M. Grimsveral, 60 
years old; his wife 46 years old; A negro man called Azor, a free man, 
whose two feet were cut off since his arrival in Alexandria. The ex- 
pences for bis sickness are due to Dr. James Craig. 

Mr. Duquenest, 50 years old. 

M'de Begnault the wife of Mr. Hubert, and a little girl eight years 


1794. A child twelve years old, an orphan without having anybody to help him. 

Feb. 1st The Widow Garrat. 

We, Vice-Consul of the French Republic in Alexandria, Certify to 
whom it may belong, that the aforesaid people have declared to us that 
they stand in need of relief, and requested us to sollicit for them the 
beneficence of the Inhabitants of Richmond in presenting their request 
to the Governor of the State. 

12 Jan*y 1793, 3d year of the French Republic. 


Mr. Grimprel was a Notary Public; is about 60 years of age. 

Mrs. Grimprel, 46 do. They have some money which will serve 
them about two months; also Bills on the Republic of France, but can- 
not dispose of them. If thoy are so fortunate as to dispose of them, 
any money which they may .receive they are willing to refund. 

A negro man formerly belonging to Mr. Grimpoole has lost both his 
Feet. He will if he survives want necessary cloathing and money to 
pay the Doctor's Bill. 

Mrs. Roderigue, a widow about 60 years of age, is both in want of 
money & Cloathing, &c. 

An orphan Boy named Lender, 12 years of Age, has no money. 

Mr. Duquesnay is about 50 years of Age; is in want of money and 
cloathing, and wishes to go to France. 

Mrs. Hubert, a widow 29 years of Age, is in want of money. She 
has bills on the Republic of France ; has also a large Estate in St. Do- 
mingo, but at present is distressed. If she can dispose of her Bills, she 
is willing to repay the money she may receive. 

Mr. Hubert is about 33 years of age. He is an officer in the French 
service, and engaged in the cause of freedom. 

Mrs. Hubert, his wife, is about 37 years of Age. They have a daugh- 
ter about 8 years old. They wish to go to France, but are in want of 
money to provide for their passage. 

Mrs. Decroeq is a widow about 50 years of Age. Is sickly, and in 
want of money, &c. 

Mrs. Chatele is a widow about 33 years of Age; has a child three 
years old. She is the Daughter of Mrs. Deiroeq, is sickly, in want of 
money, and wishes to go to France. 

Mr. Clairford is about 46 years, who is very much in want of money. 

Mr. Javain and sister, two orphans, one 20 and the other 14 yoars of 
Age. They have one thousand dollars at interest in this town, but the 
interest not sufficient to maintain them. Miss Javain wishes to go to 

The above is a list of the French Emigrants from St. Domingo, in and 
near this place, & as I am informed, I believe to be a Just statement 

Given under my hand at Alexandria, the first day of February 1794. 



P. TO THE Hon. Hardin Burnlby. 1794. 

ramends Nelson Crawford, Alex. Stuart, and Francis James as Feb. let 

for collection of arrears of taxes in Brigade districts, of which Lynchburg 
ell and Amherst form parts. 

Stephen Cook to the Governor. Feb. ist. 

iting appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes for Cumberland 
B district, of which Cumberland forms part. 

Woodson and others recommend Stephen Cooke as agent for 
on of arrears of taxes in Brigade district, of which Cumberland 

Thomas Vaughan to the Governor. Feb. 2d 

its appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Mecklen- 
B district, of which Mecklenburg forms part. ^"^ 

Ro. Brooke to the Governor. Feb. 3d 

m mends Lawrence Muse, as agent for collection of arrears of 
yr Brigade district, of which Essex forms part. 

Robert Porterfield to the Governor. Feb. 4th 

its appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in Charlottes- 
gade district, of which Augusta forms part. ^^^® 

Richard Bibb to the Governor. Feb. 4th 

its appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in the 
e district ef which Prince Edward forms part. 


1794. Edmund Ruffin to the Governor. 

Feb. 4th Rocom mends Francis EufEn as agent for collection of arrears of taxes 

Prince in Brigade district, of which Prince George forms part. 


Richmond Permit me thus to address your Excellency and the other honorable 
members of the Executive on behalf of Mr. Andrew Donald, who being 
at a distance from hence himself, has confided his interests on the pres- 
ent occasion to my care. This young gentlemen who came into this 
county about three years ago, and soon after his arrival from Glasgow 
became a citizen of this Commonwealth, is the oldest son and heir at 
law of William Donald, deceased, who was the brother and heir of 
James Donald, heretofore a resident of Bedford county, but who is now 
also dead. Since Mr. Andrew Donald's arrival, he has sold to Mr. Rob- 
ert Craig, merchant, in Manchester, two half acre lots of land in that 
Town, to which he supposed himself entitled as heir to his late Father 
and Uncle, upon which Mr. Craig has since erected some very valuable 
buildings, but both these gentlemen have lately been much astonished 
and alarmed at an advertisement by Jesse Cogbill, Esq., Escheator for 
Chesterfield County, notifying the Public that those two identical lots 
would be sold on the 10th day of this month, in virtue of an escheat 
and office found in favor of the Commonwealth; whereas, upon an ex- 
amination of the Inquest taken as long ago as the year 1777, upon the 
Estate of Jaines Donald in the county of Chesterfield, it appears that 
altho' he was found by the Jury to be a British Subject, and to be 
seized of two lots in the Town of Manchester, yet that their identity is 
not ascertained in any measure whatever, and consequently that as fair 
purchaser for a valuable consideration, not even Mr. Donald himself 
ought to be effected by such a finding, which cannot in my humble opinion 
Justify the Escheator in soiling the property. Bui be this as it may, the 
confidence reposed in me, making it my duty either to attend the sale, or 
to prevent it by an application to a Court of Judicature, if in my power, 
and the present circumstance of the Communication between this place 
and Manchester being cut off by means too well known to need a 
description, it is not permitted me to attend on the day of sale or to 
obtain the necessary documents from Mr. Craig and Mr. Donald to 
authorize my application to a court of equity. For these reasons and 
for others which might with truth and propriety be assigned, I presume 
to sollicit from your honorable board an order for suspension of the sale 
of the aforesaid lots until some more distant day. 

I am with every sentiment of respect, &c. 


Melchizedbck Spraoins to the Governor. 1794. 

Soliciting appointmont as agent for collection of arreai'S of taxes in Feb. 6th 
Brigade district of which Chesterfield forms part. Manchester 

Thos. Yuille to the Governor. Halifax 

Recommends Spragins as agent for collection of arrears of 

taxes for Brigade district, of which Halifax forms part. 

John Cropper's Commission. Feb. 5th 

As agent for collection of arreara of taxes in Brigade district, of Richmond 
which Accomack forms part. 

A. Lewis to the Governor. Feb. 5th 

Only fifly-six of my company are yet rausteredj scouts and non-com- Wythe 
missioned officers included. The recruiting business has become diffi- ^" ^ 

cult, owing I believe in a great measure to the troops not receiving their 
money for the last year, which obstacle I hope will soon be removed, 
knowing the Executive will so soon as in their power forward their pay. 
An Ensign and twenty men are march'd to Powell's Valley. The resi- 
due will be continued at or in the neighborhood of Fort Lee during the 
winter defence. Twelve scouts are more than necessary to act in Capt. 
Crockett's Bounds. Powell's Valley requires attention, and shall direct 
two out of that number to bo sent there untill the troops destined for 
the Summer Defence are in Service. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Joseph Carrington appointed Collector. Feb. 5th 

Appointment as agent for collection of arrears of taxes in the Fourth 
Brigade district. 

John Hopkins to the Governor. Feb. 7th 

1 have the honor of transmitting enclosed a letter from the Commis: Richmond 
sioner of the Federal City, which was sent to me by the treasurer in 


2Jt •: jLiiOr: '-Li c»F ^tatl tafu 

74h. r^ ifL-Tniftmn dnoL 'Sitf- ^tusit in -^ih: ?''?v«iiHsm '«- amh ior 'Ztif' jmc iurofclseat 

I, « 

J iiiPPt zsn itnunr if )•<: Au. 

f 4iL 4& J'-ry M:<.Mj*firE t< tex C-rcTxaJid^ 

•of 10^ Ti.'rrA a. iftfisiUh. Ms-nofL iz. -fXjififssziciL ijifti iti- ir:iiji Direct i 

3rf-7- F:^ ittLkTliX T-Lltfti-s^iriix ai :<15j^«" Ciir *«:»~j£j«- ii x^tii;^ wrong 

iiatio^nLASiWi *.:»:iei li^e i-uLt»tT cc tkft «>mlt iri-iii I id« -wiii too. 

rVr- :'firA R^-'XEUT TiTlX'lL. ^IjlTC'E vF X^'^TCli. T? TBI Go^SESOE. 

T^/a W7i] otrttrre fcv it* ei.c-k«5<'i >e:icrr wLkii I reii«T*i i^-o davs since 
frvoi lb* Briii'b OiiiSi] iLai :i i* ti* wi<b :o irei rc»^i^4ir;^e on ihe duir 
oi xh^ m^zi^T%li» in m54:xijc b:m is ib«- Rxevut-it'r: c<a h:« oS^e. 1 am 
pka.«kd at Li* reqae^T- e» ihe opir.s mi ^ iLe Exe^c-QiiTe wiSJ be conclu- 
KT«. &Dd prereni eat Aznber dispaie? viib him irj ^nr Ba^ines^ that 
m%y Cj»«rur on iLe •'aljeci of iLe BntUh Seftmeo in ihis Port ; and as 
fnqoect applications are made to the Ma^«m:e«^ you vi.i oblige them 
by forwarding yoor opinion a$ 9«>n as convenienu Aliow me a^in to 
mention the di«tre>s«ed Fntnch to yon. The commissioners are totally 
without money, and e^^ tbe«e poc^r pe<»p3e trom habit trusted to the 
w^iekly allowance for rappr*rt. and had taken no pivcaution against its 
not being paid, when stopped, had no nosoarea to keep them finom starv- 
ing. The Commissioners were therefore under the necessity ot apply- 
ing to the Common Hall, who generously lent them all the money they 
bad io their Chamber, to be repaid out of the first to be received from 


the Treasury, but as this sum was only one hundred pounds, and their 1794. 
weekly Rations amounts to near fifly, I fear they will again be without Feb. 10th 
any; and as I imagine the present situation of Richmond may prevent 
the Sheriifs from the upper Country paying, and as perhaps those of 
this or the neighboring counties may have money to pay to the Treas- 
ury if it was permitted the Commissioners to receive it, and to draw on 
the Auditor, it would be a means of relieving those unfortunate people. 
The ship Normandi led this Port on Sunday, the 9th instant, it is said 
to proceed with the other French Ships of war to Annapolis. The Doe- 
dalus appears to be preparing for sea. I am happy to have it in my 
power to report to your Excellency that the behavior of both the 
French and English officers and the crews of the Ships has been hither- 
to peaceable and proper, and that they have in no instance within my 
knowledge insulted or infringed the neutrality of this Port. 

I have the honor to be, &c.. 

Sir, y'r ob't Serv't. 

Norfolk, February 9th, 1794. 


I greatly hope that no dispute will ever arise between you as 
Consul to his Brittanic majesty, and the magistrates of this Borough 
respecting the British seamen in this Port, for while I am happy in 
observing that you have ever appeared anxious to avoid it, I can, I 
think, with justice say that the magistrates are equally intent to pre- 
vent it, and that I am sure they will always in the Execution of your 
office assist you in the manner they conceive it be legal and proper, but 
as doubts have arisen respecting the limits and extent of your authority, 
I am pleased that you have addressed to me in your letter of yesterday 
Queries on this question, all of which I decline to answer, as they may 
lead to this subject, and on which I am not competent to decide; and 
as it puts it in my power by forwarding your letter to the Executive to 
obtain the Attorney-Generars opinion, who will, I'm in hopes, in answer 
to your Queries draw the line of your office and the duty of the magis- 
trates in assisting you in the Execution with so strong a hand as to 
pot every matter that might occasion discussion with you out of dis- 
pute. I imagine that it will not be in my power to write the Governor 
by this Post, but I will most certainly forward a copy of your letter to 
him by the next, and so soon as I am favoured with his answer, I will 
take the earliest opportunity of communicating it to you. 

I have the honor to be, &c., 


P. S. — The Constables that had the British Seamen in custody yester- 
day were, I fear, intoxicated, and tho. it is no excuse for their behavior. 


1794. and for which they deBerre panishment^ yet it wiU aoooont to joo for 
Feb. 10th their impertineDce and for allowing the man to escape. 

Consol of his Brittannick Majesty^ Norfolk. 

Feb. 10th Jack, a slave, the property of Ralph C. Anderson, was convicted by 
Chesierfieid the Coanty Court ol Chesterfield of adminisienng poisonous medicines 
to Willi&m Clebcime and Sarah his wife, of the said county, with an in- 
tent to murder them. But the Court are of opinion, unanimously, thskt 
the said Jack is an object of men^y, and do recommend him accordingly, 
which wfts order&d to be certified. 

Present — Thomas Bc»lling. George Mark ham. Gnmville Smith, Edward 
Morlev. and Thomas Bailev. Genu. Justices. 

Fcb.U2h EL Kjfox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. 

Wjr I Lave had the honor of receiving and submitting your letter of the 1 

iittlAiit to the President of the United States. The subject of fortifying 
the Principal Sea Pons of the United States, in which is included j^ot- 
Ufik, is DOW under the Consideration ol a Committee of the House of 
Riej^reiientatives. who it is expected will very shortly report their opin- 
yyn tbere^on. Frc^m the prevailing sentiment little doubts seems to be 
eutienaaned thai a measure with which the peace, safety, and dignity ol 
tirt" United States is so intimately blended, will be adopted. The sub- 
J4irt of a long cc»nti nuance in our ports of vessels of war belonging to 
the h^lligerent fiariies had been previously considered, the result of 
whieh vou will find in Mr. Joffeison's letter to Mr, Hammond, the Brit- 
isb Minister, dated the 9th September last. It will appear that the 
Ships of war MoDging to the belligerent powers, provided those at war 
with Franoe do not bring prires, enjoy an equality in our ports. 

1. In eases ol urgent necessity: 2d. In cases of comfort and con- 
venience: and 3d. In the time thev mav chuse to continue. The case 
of the sbij»s of war on opposite sides being at Xorlolk, creates a deli- 
cate and dangerous situation for that town, which nothing can remedy 
sc» efftictually as its lacing put in state of respectable defence. Indeed 
some information has been received by which it would appear that the 
Iioedalus had nred a shot in a very unjnstidable manner. The Presi- 
dent of the Unite*! States requests your Excellency s information upon 
this subject* propi-rly attested, so that such measurets may be taken 
thereon as shall appear proper, 

I have the honor to be. &c 


A. J. Dallas, Secbbtary of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1794. 

TO THE Governor. 

In obedience to an act of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania Feb. 11th 
passed on the 22d day of March last, I have the honor to transmit to Pbila- 
you for the use of the Legislature of the State in which you preside, a ^IE}^^ 
copy of the laws of this Commonwealth from the second day of October, office 
1781, to the 2d day of October, 1790, the receipt of which you will be 
pleased to acknowledge. 

I am, sir, <&c. 


Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. Feb. I2th 

I shall be exceedingly obliged to your Excellency if you will fix a Norfolk 
uniform for the Artillery, and also the number each officer is to raise 
for his quota, without I doubt it will never be filled. The Capt. is sickly, 
and does not give much attention thereto. The time for raising their 
quotas, I think, should be short, that the sooner they are on duty the 
better. I beg your Exc'y will send some of Baron Steuben's treatises, the 
few we before had were distributed to the officers then in commission, most 
of whom are gone from this, and the books are lost; & instead of three 
companys which then existed, we now have seven. We have some 
military stores on hand which have not been paid for, & which I am 
liable. Would it be Justifiable to pay for them out of the fines, and 
also to build a shelter for keeping the Artillery in, which could be done 
k so contrived as to serve for a Guard House ? These things are abso- 
lutely necessary, and should be provided, as they will be of great sav- 
ing to the public, and the men would more cheerfully turn out when 
they had a place of shelter to retire to from duty. At present they are 
exposed, or must go to a Tavern where they get drunk, and are rend- 
ered useless. Y'r Exc'y will excuse me for mentioning these matters, 
but I hope some mode may be pointed out for obtaining them. The 
militia law has not pi*ovided for such purposes, but it is reasonable that 
they should be had by some means, and I beg y'r Exc*ys opinion there- 
on. I enclose a recommendation of officers, which I expected was 
before sent. The commissions are much wanting. I will thank your 
Excellency to point out the law where the militia are to be called on 
by the civil magistrate. We have ever considered it a duty to obey the 
call, bat should be glad to see the law Justifying it, which I am igno- 
rant of at present. The Constitution directs in all cases the military 
shall be under strict subordination to the Civil, but does not define there- 

I am, &c. 


1794. A. Lbwis to thb Govbrnor. 

Feb. 17th Enclosed is the copy of a letter from Col. Charles Cocke to me on the 
Fort Lee 19th this instant. I march from this place with what troops can be 
spared, am in hopes to be able to go from the lower station in Lee 
county with between forty & fifty men, and indeavour to make the 
Enemy shifl their quarters, for as certain as they are allowed to com- 
pleat their hunt there, when ready to go home our frontiers must suffer 
by them either in lives or property. The party will be too weak to 
continue any time in the Enemy's country, but hope to have the advan- 
tage if any to be taken, and make use of every effort in my power to 
prevent surprise on our side. If the Northwards are amusing Gen'l 
Wane with the prospects of a Peace, our frontiers will be in great dan- 
ger untill a peace is confirmed, for a great many of them will be averse 
to any Treaty that may be proposed, & those that are unfriendly dis- 
posed will so soon as they can leave their own country with safety, fall 
on our frontiers, with an expectation that the Southern Indians will be 
blamed for it. My Company is not j'et compleat, and find it difficult 
recruiting, owing to what I mentioned in my last, but as well as I recol- 
lect, I made a mistake in my information to you of the number mas- 
tered — inserted the number 56 instead of 66. If I did, the latter is the 
number then mustered, including non-commissioned officers, scouts, & 
one musician. 

I am with respect, &c, 

Lee County, February 9th, 1794. 

I undertake to inform you that the first Day of this month the 
Indians came within about 15 miles of my house and stole 50 head of 
horses. They were followed, and the men saw so much sign that they 
came back & were reinforced, & is not yet returned. We are informed 
that John Watts has made his Boast that he will make the Blood run 
in Lee county as the Branches does with water. Ensign Colville arrived 
yesterday. I have, according to his orders from you, directed him to 
the Sinking Spring, which is the best place in that quarter, and it is 
within five or six hundred yards from the county line. If you do in- 
tend to make a change as you informed me, I have made it known in 
Lee county, and have got the promise of some good men to go. The 
Indians now are in the woods between Cumberland* and the Tennessee. 
I think if they are not drove from that place we shall have bad times 
here this Spring. I hoar that the Northwards want peace, which 
makes me more afraid, for all the Indians that mean mischief will be 
on the Frontiers. I would bo glad you would come down. I wish to 
go one Trip with you on our Frontiers. I make no doubt but we shall 


meet with game enoagh in two or three days. They say they are 1794. 
plenty in that Bounds. Feb. 17th 

I am, Sir, your most humble Serv't, 

To A. Lewis, Port Lee. 

W. H. Cavendish to the Governor. Feb. I7th 

As I had determined to act with the utmost impartiality in dis- Greenbrier 
charging the trust reposed in me in letting the furnishing of rations to 
the troops stationed in this and Kanawha Counties this present year, I 
shortly after my return home set up advertisements in those counties 
of my intention of letting the same to the lowest bidder, at the upper 
ford of Gauly River, on the 10th instant. I attended accordingly, and 
found several persons of Kanawha County assembled for that purpose, 
who made proposal^ of undertaking the Business on the following 
terms, vis: John Yanvibber, at 12} Cents per Ration; John Rennolds & 
Allen Prior, @ 10 cents; and Reuben Slaughter, at 9 cents p. Ration. 
As I had expected the imminent danger to which they are exposed in 
that coanty would have induced them to undertake on the lowest 
terms. I was surprised to bear the increased price from what it was 
furnished last year, and thereupon informed them I could not close with 
any of their proposals, as I was certain Government would expect to 
be furnished as cheap, if not cheaper this year than last, it having con- 
tracted for the supply of the troops in Ohio county at 7 cents the ration. 
Accordingly, I returned home without affecting any part of the intent 
of my Journey. 

Upon inquiry, I find many causes assigned which concur to account 
for this rise in the demand. The contractor for last year has exhausted 
all the live stock which could be bad in that county, so that they must 
be supplied with that article from Greenbrier. Flour, which last year 
could be had at 3i dollars, now sells at 5 dollars '^ Barrel; and every 
other article is advanced in so great proportion, add to which the atten- 
tion paid by the Executive to measures, in which persons employed by 
it discharge their duty, they arc convinced government will expect that 
the person punctually comply with this engagement. That the troops 
be well and regularly supplied, and that it would not wink at the 
neglect or remissness of persons employed in that department. And 
indeed the manner in which the soldiers were heretofore supplied with 
provisions put it out of the power of the most active officer to have 
rendered any essential service had it been wanted. The soldiers were 
almost all quartered with the Inhabitants, who furnished them as their 
own fkmily, and If any party was wanted to scout, seldom had any pro- 

on band to furnish the necessary supplies for that occasion. As 


^ \ A?.y VI-iA OJ -Tin: ?A?EBS. 

>«•- 3vai ifw Jutcr^itj -tn^^tr :iv. *j.j toxkriniftau "w.iairaa ±?f« i£3->rmifig roar 

rwi*tti :■! laitai*!?' •-tra.* Ti-t i: J^trvai!* .3 li** is*:az* cif fcrc i«bing even 
ihi liH: JC'V'CC!: yr^.cr-sL "•"— -ii i^hr-i ^oa: 'c :j»£ ak j-ta::*! l-es?:; £!*»>. which 
kiitii^iL *>: r^^s*.". 1: iXT- £".XTa TT Tx** ▼— Ji« <r:i^« *L*»^-s*ii.tiE^ von there- 
'.dittfTk IitnA^vf I SLxi" ::i*:i-' la-i :»ia«5Lr^ ic -w-jj-McIt iis^r^iin^ the 
Put*i>t Trtan":::?*- ^T'SkiT -.:•: sea... Ij** .T!:::<ir* ▼^-.•ii t-:-c i£tnis:e*i 10 

£Tt -3' SCAT'S- f.r i":* ir>*:-.'r. I :^i_tt- -.i'i j.-Kri^ic-aa- i^z-ci^isitri i herein 
hMTi. bc«« «j4Lpc>eii -m-'^z I I'^at ««:i:<z':^ ver^ iLsxMhAietj' &ner the 
rwiwy ; «esi vbi, PersAr*^ ": st&j I'.c xx'r: nttfd«e*r joo. IiL2':*riiiation I 

rwftxred vbec &*. *i*:::^-tT &r<r f-'Toi «4:aK Dt*««:«,-* isjaedimic-iv trom 

■ - ■ 

Pwci Pkaaas;. Tb-cj rzzirrzrri 3^ "lOAi •'reibfri^ W^v^* h^ ty » rapid 

fonJrrin^ Li* •.-ajap. I b-:*!>^ ZKT-y^'UT wjm nfm *ww»ir *a«!*s*. oiher- 
"■"if* I azD straii ■:: ««qz K-rnwr -ii^e* r^'TiTc ts^c Govern mem was 
oicifc»i u> fiiTc i^iiriisA.^ wLa: :i'cy p^^n^ei :o &sc ror iheir service, 
axtd tbe Commaci^y l<cipieti*e«I t::^ ea*:>rTa.x£« ^Axee :o di^obArge the 
de^ As tbe «ar^«cet zziat^vr •.-< ;:ii^ Icuer rv:^pl^:tII^c Baxioa« appeared 
of too moch impC'M&iKxr :o ^avc i*y^*:i.'ii^i w::coa; ^rK izuormiDg von 
<]€ \he roe in the * * • !?o 1 dope i\ wL. J\i<i[ty cay ^eQ^iiDg the 
bearer »>krly with ib;« Iei;er. ani tha; be wLL be paii the asaal allow- 
ai>ee ^ven to persii^c* on like '.vcaaiiot*. 

I aEL. Sir. Yoar Ex^-eLIeDoy * 

Mv- -> !.: H c-!e Servant. 

F«A I7ih I'Avii. Fatteb^'-x tv the Goversor. 

Maju.-UeiUMr It iB represented to me this dav that the pea^^e and go->i onJor of the 
InbabitADtff of the Town ot* Manchester & <»urty of Chesterfield will 
be interrupted from the appearance of arme«i men. and other in forma- 
lioD to strengthen their suspicions. I* it your opinion from this repre- 
«entation that I frhall onier out anv part oi the militia of the e«>nnty? 
I eball etrictlv pursue your instructions. 

Y*r mo. olit St^rv'i. 

Feb. iJJth Phil. W. Fendall to the Governor. 

Alexandria The Directors of the Bank of Alexandria from a desire to aeconimo- 
date the Commonwealth, have agreed to receive the £1200 int. mone3% 
and £300 German Gold, mentioned in your letter of the 11th instant; 


the former at one hundred and six cents p. pound, and the latter at 1794. 
seventy-five cents p. pennyweight, and upon receipt of the money in the Feb. 18th 
Bank, I am directed to issue post notes to the amount at sixty days' 
date. If these terms are agreeable, you will please to forward the 
money as soon as convenient. 

I have the honor to be, very EepectfuUy, 

Y'r ob't serv't. 

The bearer will be so good as to state to me the loss which the C'th 
would sustain by the acceptance of the above terms. 

H. LiEE. 

James Brbgkenridge to the Governor. Feb. I8th 

Bonds of Captain Bowyer and John Taylor as agents for collection of Fincasile 
arrears of taxes in Brigade district, of which Botetourt forms part. 

Regulations observed by the inhabitants of Manchester pre- Feb. I9th 

vious TO the 17th instant. 

A Guard consisting of six men, whose duty was to patrol from the 
foot of Mayors bridge to Bocketts, or any other place where they might 
apprehend a communication from Bichmond. 

Regulations observed the 17th & 18th Inst. — A Guard of 12 and 15 
men, the officer included, stationed at the foot of Mayo's Bridge, to pre- 
vent all communication with the Inhabitants of Richmond. Persons on 
either side permitted to meet with the Guards to transact Business; 
Travellers allowed to pass the Guard whose intention was not to stop 
in Manchester, and promising to pass the back street of the Town. 

Persons recommended to the Governor — 

William Smith, Richard Baugh, & Jos. Brown. 


Manchester Regulations concerning small-pox. Feb. I9th 

HiNRT Lee, Esq.: 

We the subscribers, Inhabitants of the County of Manchester 
Chesterfield, request that the Executive would proceed to appoint 


1794. proper officers (under the Act of Assembly of 1793) to superintend the 
Feb. 19th performance of quarantine in said county — 

Magistrates, Bernard Markham, 

David Patteson, 
Reuben Austin, 
Benj. Hatcher, 
James Brander, 
George McCreedie, 
James Patteson, 
Henry Elliott, 
Joseph C. Brown, 
Rich'd Baugh, 
James Frazer. 


Barracks I wrote to you some short time past & suggested the propriety of 
procuring brass mountings for our muskets instead of Iron. At the 
same time I dropped a line to Mr. Taylor, the Brass Founder in Rich- 
mond, in order to ascertain the price of that article. He has conse- 
quently made his calculations, and has taken the trouble to ride to this 
place in order to engage the Business. I confess the man appears to 
use much candour, and from his calculation as well as my own, I think 
offers to do them for less than wo can possibly have them made in that 
metal in this part of the world, & for about one-half the price they will 
cost us made here of Iron. He says he will furnish the various articles 
of the mounting at the price of four shillings per sett, and will engage 
to furnish them at the rate of three hundred setts per month. If you 
think proper that I should close with him, you will do me the honor to 
mention it. 

I am, sir, with respect. 


Fredericks- ^ have the honor, in behalf of Mr. Brooke, to acknowledge the re- 
burg ceipt of your favour of the 19th Instant by Express, & beg leave to 
assure you that he would have answered your letter of the 7th instant 
earlier than he did, had he not have been so much engaged in his other 
avocations, added to which he has himself been very much indisposed; 
indeed he was so much so, that he was apprehensive he would not be 
able to perform the Journey untill the day or two before he left home, 
He set off for Frederick county yesterday morning, & will, if possible, 
comply with all your requests, by attending the three inquests of which 
I presume he has informed you. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 


MosBS Mann to the Governor. 1794. 

I have roasoD to supose that my iDBtructions may have been misoar- Feb. 2l8t 
ried or otherways Destroyed In consequence of their not coming to V^arm 
hand. Also a report have been serculated in the Kanawa country By "P"°g8 
Moris & Clendenin that I am not to have a command there. I at this 
time have my men nearly in Eedyness. Agreeable to my verbell instruc- 
tions I find myself under pressing obligations to pray for my instruc- 
tions to be forwarded by the Bearer, which will be of Imaculate service 
to me, & remove the doubts of those of my soldiers who are now living 
in state of suspense. I find myself under obligations to inform your 
Excellency that I soly detest Receiving instructions from Colo. Clen- 
denin, but prays that I may be commanded by Col. Thomas Lewis 
whilst your Excellency pleases to continue mo in service. 

Your Excellency will please to point out the place of Rendezvous, & 
by whom to be mustered. My men are chiefly Inhabitants of Bath 
county, under which sercumstances I should be extremely happy to 
Rendesvousing at the warm springs. 

The paymaster has not come to hand, which occations numbers of my 
men to murmer. Their sercumstances in General are very low, & their 
demands very pressing for money to support or prepare them for the 
next campaign. 

I shall refer you to the Bearer, who can give you a better information 
of Clendenin*s & Morris's conduct in scrculating Reports that I conceive 
to be injuris, and at the same time void of truth. 

I am sir, with due Respect, 

Your very h*ble serv^t. 

John Minor, Jr., to the Governor. Feb. 2iBt 

I have honour of acknowledging the receipt of yours of the 7th Fredericks- 
instant, and the pleasure of informing you that Mr. Brooke has paid burg 
due attention to the communication of the Executive. He left this 
place in the beginning of the present week for Frederick county to 
attend the Coroner's inquest in that county, and will no doubt be pres- 
ent at those in the counties of Fauquier and Shenandoah. I feel my- 
self well pleased that the charge has devolved on him, as his known 
abilities will enable him to do more Justice to the appointment than I 
could have done. I beg leave, sir, to thank the Executive for their con- 
fidence in me, and to assure them of my ready complyance, had it been 

i am, dear sir, with Esteem and respect, 

Y'r most ob*t serv't. 


1794. Edmund Harrison to the Governor. 

Feb. 22d Asking to be excused from attendance at Board meetings on account 
qC figmily affliction. 

Feb. 23d Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Gtovernoe. 

Norfolk I rec'd your Exc'j's letter of the 20th, and shall now endeavour to 

recapitulate what my last letter contained, as from my indisposition, & 
the past going of, I did not keep a copy. I requested a particular time 
should be fixed for the officers of the Artillery to raise their quota of 
men. If this is not done I fear it will not be effected, as some of those 
appointed are not approved of by the people. This I beg may be 
attended to as soon as convenient by the Executive. I inclosed a 
recommendation also of officers, of which a copy was before sent, and I 
have at hand. Their commissions are much wanted. I also requested 
to know in what manner the militia were to act if called on by the 
civil powers. I am glad to hear there is some probability of soon get- 
ting a defence here. It will be an effectual means of keeping good 
order. About this day three weeks, Capt. Knowles had some company 
on board the Doedalus, & in firing a salute some small shot were left in 
one of the guns, & were thrown on the shore, but did no damage. An 
enquiry was made into the case here by the Mayor (who was on board) 
and every circumstance that 1 have beard, there was no reason to be- 
lieve the shot were intentionally left. As the Capt. had given orders to 
draw the Guns, the Post is Just setting off, and your letter arriving so 
late that I have time to send other proofs of this affair, but will collect 
them to-morrow and send by next post. Be assured that I shall give 
your Exc*y every inftirmation ot interest or information that may hap- 
pen here, considering it ray duty so to do. I have the Business of defence 
so much at heart that I will with pleasure undertake to do anything 
toward forwarding it, and I think I could pi*ocure all materials at a 
moment's warning towards effecting so desirable an end. I have heard 
that the people of South Carolina have it in contemplation to subscribe 
for a frigate to give Congress. I think if a subscription was handed 
through this state we should raise sufficient for one also, & we could 
soon build here at this place. Some of our townsmen are carried into 
Algiers, which we feel much — Capt. Wallace and Crew. The Captain 
has a wife here, & I believe only one child by a former wife. I have 
not yet learnt who his mate was and the others of the crew. I thank 
God I have got about again, & hope soon to get over my late illness. I 
thank your Exc'y for your good wishes, ami am 

Your Excellency's ob't serv'L 


I requested some of Baron Steuben's Books and the Militia laws to 1794. 
distribute to the officers. We have now seven companies, and bad but Feb. 23d 
three before. 

Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. Feb. 24th 

The enclosures will inform your Excellency the case respecting the Norfolk 
shot or shots fired from the British Frigate Doodalus. That it happened 
accidental I have not a doubt, or by means of some person putting 
them into the Gun with a malicious intention, unknown to any officer 
on board the frigate. Tho* Capt. Knowles and officers think there was 
no shot, yet I have reason to believe there was, as two men declare 
they saw them strike the bank at the time they were saluting. I did 
not take their depositions as I considered it of no consequence, every- 
thing appearing that there was no intention of insult or injury from the 
Reports of the Gentlemen who were on board at the time. In justice 
to Sir Chas. W. Knowles, I must say I have ever found him disposed to 
observe the strictest neutrality. His letter to me is inclosed for your 

farther information. Last night Captains James & arrived from 

Italia & Monserat. They declared to mo that they had rec'd a procla- 
mation of the King of Great Brittain, setting forth that all vessels com- 
ing from the French Island with French produce on board except mo- 
lasses and Taffia, agreeable to an edict of the late King of France, were 
legal prize as illicit traders. One of these Captains deposed to this 
effect, and the deposition is gone on to Col. Parker, as it concerns one 
of Mr. Cowper*s vessels. I have had the misfortune of a box of plate 
being taken by a French Privateer (& carried into Gaudaloupe), out of 
the Sloop Diligent, Capt. John Cunningham, from Barbadoos, the same 
being devised to Mr. Norton and wife, Eliza Tucker, alias Eliza Faulk- 
ner, and to Mr. Newton and myself, by John Tucker, Esq., our relation, 
& sent by the above vessel. There was also seven barrels of sugar 
taken out of the said vessel, and landed in Gaudaloupe, belonging to 
my daughter Martha G. Newton. How to got redress I know not, and 
shall be obliged to your Excellency lor your opinion thereon. Mr. Nor- 
ton was fortunate enough to get his share in safe. Captain Cunning- 
ham's letter to his owner will show your Excellency that it was taken 
oat and lodged for proof. I shall be much obliged for your direction of 
the kind of cockade the officers, &c. are to wear, as almost every one at 
present differ, being according to their fancy, which I think is not right, 
and requires as much uniformity as the cloathing. I know not what 
aopplys the State may have of powder. Our magazine is much exposed 
and not above 2,500 lbs. in qr. therein. I have enclosed another recom- 
mendation of officers, least your Excellency should not find the one be- 
fore sent. A fine ship now lies in our harbour peirced for 22 Guns, 

40 cxle5T*ab of state PAPSBS. 

v« ^2 aviaey u> 9irr ibr poMIe vbb. I W&evY w« kave 
^o:? vKiid :oiitnbitce iarTsi j towr4» pcKiai^ tbdr 

KHbe i&x nr n 1J.AI i^ saj '?< ione ^fxp^s^iidouiSLj. Mr. Tarior deeiRd 
ibfr u- ixirrxL j^rv ihac tiif -v^if enable ^} wrrxz mm. a siz^« 43t Rbea- 
^"'-'f^g— asii r?iii«i!C(^i n*? "^a 'niritXMs ^e letter >} him 10 jnor Kxeefleocj. 
CcnuiPitt r^:e^ -vaj? tiia£ ^e Br.ctish are !myni^ Sanre ^vaalxtice ol 
Fsrk 4 fdrsfiA^ :; >? zhair LnAnth?. I a*>pe in jour a^xt to hear ol 
§eout ^rc^araiiofi 5:r oar ied£a«:t*. T^o *it zhitme Iar*xe pcieiea that wen 
as Oanftienaafi Wf3al»i in whiI as Oiti P'sinc ComoTrt. 

A lafia. pcrfcaptf nEUbrra&ate 'nci*tiwc haTin^ ttappmasd witk nespeci 
e» aa aiaugii parsj rile^ailT as««eflibi«^ a» ic r» <niiaoiafv«i at iJbe looi ol 
Bciii^ 00 UM MaoecHwter ^de. aoti mjrsvit. (mc wmw powvta ia ao 
«a mj part w«n» scnicinizeii ioco or broiE^t &» tW tc«4 aatM 
iajarj cofaoucsiiii oa nj perwo anti propvwtj naj possilrfj kowvrer 
iaive ^cvtn rae v aussreprttitfaca£:oai» !» jijor MLroeiiaac^. whow ^ood 
ofmbam ms- w«ii aa «t«q the ai«]«c trilline iibiiTidaal of ciM eoauamailj 
woaiii be ^xtremitj. I have taken ciie libisrtT <H* scufai^ mo oaore Ikaa 
tJbfr lliflovtajf abi$oiat« c^rcik aD«i if in chi2» iecul I aaj Ve tb<Mi|rkt 
GraaMaKmw. I huTpe ib«* pecolianCT •>( the ^ficiiaczQa wiiiek I am ia, will 
ia fiba ««|ii»i ^ iooie api^^ou^y. I will Lh«n iM^n with aaafita^ to joar 
EzeaQancj. aow>*ver tunei^ it maj b« thou^t tt> cha sabjaec that sil- 
aated 9S' I wa« iKfiw^:«a ih*s twt> cowius; I coositiwred it aa Boat pradcal 
and mkOs zo •nxnciiie w^th che ni«*aiNire» ti SschouMid rfitarrig to the 
aouii-pox. Aceoriin^ J I noTed mj tamilT «yv«r on Sataniaj'. the 9th 
ait^ 'tt 'Triar » arail oij^lt of ihac b«*nedc. in Um 'iotnc chT which how- 
ev^er :c ww> certainij mj dacj. mj ^.*are. and mj wiah» iMCh hetota Bf 
mifTvai and artwr. 10 prw>;QC «:iM !$ataii«!at oifWnca bataic giTes to the 
piaea ±oai whence I irame. wiiich was^ ovmptied with, and if I aaibrta- 
aaseij ^fiilizred in wacinenc with <K>me. I can aT^nr that neither aiTaelf 
oar laamilj aitho' it wad> treii^aenu j the oi^e with others) ever attempted 
CO enter the Town £r*}ni the oommencemeat of the ifoonier. Mr tap- 
piiea dor the ^nw or the tamilv tho. were aeowisahlT broaicht over froa 
m^Y ^'^'^ plantation in a Oant.v .'ut ^A the JurhAiicciQO aa it ia soppoeed 
of the ^t created ;£uar<i piaced '^here. notwithc^tandia^ that Ckaoe had 
been taken awar ^>ai the lantirnzj: piace and tbood aaiier theejeaf 
she Maaoheeter truard. Thiz^ conduct*, however 


over, bat not content as it appeared with such behavior, a couple of 1794. 
negro men from the plantation, desirous of seeing their fellow-servants, Feb. 24th 
but who had had the sraall-pox several years ago, came over, and on 
their return were taken by a Guard, placed upon the Falls plantation, 
who lay in ambush for them, and arbitrarily carried to that at the foot 
of the Bridge in Manchester. They were there cruelly treated, one in 
particular, by Thomas Goode, who after having beaten him in the most 
violent and inhuman manner, turned him over to Richmond. With ap- 
parent difficulty from the severity of the treatment he received, he 
reached there — the previous loss of blood, and what was streaming out 
of his ears, nose and mouth, which can be proved, rendered it without 
exaggeration somewhat astonishing. A conduct like this in a civilized 
Country was so strange and unjustifiable as induced his master upon 
complaint being made to him, immediately to inquire into the particu- 
lars, and if possible to find out the perpetrator that he might be brought 
to such punishment as the laws of the land would decide. He accord- 
ingly applied to Mr. Younghusband and four others to attend him as 
witness to what might happen upon this investigation, and altho' its 
true they were armed, yet it was agreed upon by the party previous to 
leaving Richmond not to offer the smallest violence, to act only on the 
defensive, for from what had happened to the poor negro, we did not 
know if we did not go armed what injury we might not sustain our- 
selves. In order if possible however to convince that no hostility on 
oar parts were intended, I approached unarmed and singly at some 
distance from the rest of the party, and called out for the Captain of the 
Guard. Mr. Goode at length appeared, upon which I complained of his 
treatment to the negro. He avowed the doing it, and further said he 
woald act in the same manner were it to do again. I then informed 
him that I should prosecute him for it. His reply was too vulgar, and 
is perhaps unnecessary to insert here. Having obtained this proof, 
which was my sole object, it was our intention to return, but before 
it could be effected, Mr. Goode called out vehemently for the Guard to 
turn oat and put every man to death. A scuffle then ensued ; the re- 
salt was that three of us were taken, and after a good deal of severity, 
repeated insults, threats and even orders from Goode in this particu- 
lar situation to be put to death, we were detained all night upon the 
Beach. We then underwent a trial before the magistrates of Chester- 
field, out of whose Jurisdiction we conceived and believe we had been 
taken. The Guard, it may not perhaps be amiss to mention, were al- 
lowed to be both prosecutors as well as witnesses. At length we were 
eompelled to give our bonds in £50 penalty each, to appear at next Ches- 
teHIeld court. In hopes that so extraordinary a conduct above recited, 
iiiftead of being the cause of pursuing Tyrannical and unjust measures 
any farther, would upon deliberation have at length produced reason & 
poMibly a sight of Justice, in company with three of ipy acquaint- 



17M. aaces I undertook to go to the plmntacioii oa the Wridm^ fiiilowiii^; my- 
Feb. 2Mk self a^o bnameaft. the others to amaae thenmeiTes wkh their Gmia, 
which I conceived I had a right to allow. So inaoit waft ofered. nor 
oppoeition made to oar landing. On arriving at the fiLonse iiAi&ediatel j 
thro' the plantation. Jfr. Da^'d Pattesoo. imagining he hdtd powen, 
eame ap to the Garden where I waa hn^^ and h>rbtd myBelf or anj of 
mj acqaaintaneee trom carrying a Gun in tntore, at Lsast for the pres- 
ent, obeerring at the itame time that perhape I might be allowed the 
use of one, bat it most be immediateij trom the Hoose. It was not in 
my power, he obaerred at the same time, to grant that indolence to 
any other, aithoagh on my own Innd ot coarae those with me were 
forbid. ThL» it most be conieflsed created a good deal of surprise on 
oar part«7 being in a country as we thoaght of freedom, hot not know- 
ing the law or the extent ot his powers, we sabmitted. so far as to make 
the beat of oar way back in a peaeeabie manner. When in the pursuit 
of that amusement upon which some ot the party came, one of them 
having separated from the rest, was taken prisoner by a Guard placed 
upon the plantation, on his way home, and actually carried to that at 
the foot of the Bridge. Misstng him sometime, and expecting that he 
might meet with a similar, or perhaps worse &te. wishing at the same 
time to prevent any further disturbance. I thought it most advisable to 
make my escape in a canoe. A Guard it can be asserted with truth 
were absolutely dispatched after asy tho' for what reasoo, I am still 
ignorant. I most now before I conclude this lengthy, tiresome^ tho' true 
account of what has lately happened, ask the favour of your Excel- 
lency for redress in the peculiar situation in which I am fixed, to define 
the extent of the powers ot these Gentlemen to know whether I have 
not a right to pass to and from my own land, and to take whom I 
please, without being liable to insult, or to be dragged like a criminal 
before a lawless party. I ask these £[kvours with the more freedom, sir, 
from a conviction that your Excellency will know upon investigation ^ 
should it be necessary, I have in no instance of my life ever deviated 
from the laws of the land, or ever been considered as a disturber of the 
peace of the community. 

I have the honor to be^ kc^ 

Feb. 24th MBKTiifo of Justices of Chxstxrfixld Cojivty. 

At a meeting of the Justices of Chesterfield County at Nicholas Giles 
Tavern in the Town of Manchester, on Monday, the 24th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1794, Summoned for the purpose of preventing the small pox be- 
ing brought into and Spreading in the said county: 

Present: Bernard Markbam, £dward Mosely, Granville Smith, 
Thomas BaUy, hnd John Hill. 


It appearing that the small pox is at this time prevailing in the City 1794. 
of Richmond, and there are sufficient reasons to fear that the infection Feb. 24th 
may be communicated to the Inhabitants of said County, the mem- 
bers present are of opinion that the Lieutenant Colonel Commandant 
be requested to order forth so many of the militia of the said county as 
may be sufficient to post Guards at the foot of Mayo*s Bridge, Coutts' 
ferry, opposite Rocketts, and such other places as may be thought neces- 
sary to prevent all intercourse between the City of Richmond, and the 
said county, as far as the security of the Inhabitants aforesaid, and the 
peace and good order of society may require, and that the same be con- 
tinued as long as real danger is apprehended. 


H. Capeeton to the Governor. Feb. 25th 

Tear Excellency no doubt ere this time is in possession of the sentence Greenbrier 
of the Court martial of the 12th December last. If any doubt remains 
in your mind Respecting any of the acqusations against me, you will 
please to order a Court martial and let me have the matter .fairly inves- 
tigated, at the last, many of my most valuable witnesses ware absent. 
Then if any fraud is discovered in me, or the Commonwealth or any 
individual of my Company, I shall expect the law to be Executed, but 
on the contrary do trust your Excellency will protect me from all my 
Designing and prejudiced enemy's so far as in your power. 

In my letter to you of the 18th January last, I informed your Excel- 
lency that Colo. Clendenin from his artful Deceptions to me, was the 
cause of things being done in the manner you find them, and can fully 
demonstrate the same if indulged with the opportunity, I, together with 
ft great many of my fellow citizens, Do trust your Excellency will not 
let him pass with impunity. I should have been in Richmond before 
this only on account of the small pox. 

I am your Excellency's 

ob't Servant. 

Wm. Davies to the Governor. Feb. 25th 

^e publication of the Report of the General Board of Commissioners Broadway, 
(i copy of which is herewith enclosed No. 1), having at length pro- Now York 


1794. molged the altimate result of my negociations on the part of the State, 
Feb. 25th it becomes proper as well as important for me to ascertain the Extent 
of the compcDsation I am to receive for my services, I wish to be neither 
tedious nor troublesome. I will avoid as much as possible touching upon 
the peculiar difficulties & Embarrassments of the Business, which in 
itself was of vast extent & complicated variety involving in it the Exe- 
cution of laws & regulations as unstable as the occurrences of the war, 
and fluctuating with every change in the Legislative & Executive De- 
partments — And which embraced the transactions of numerous Agents 
uninformed, irregular, and ofjten uncontrolled, very many of whom were 
never brought to a settlement, nor even an office created for the purpose, 
and which, moreover, was obscured and mutilated by the devastations 
of the Enemy, rendering the attainment of evidence, for support or Ex- 
planation, a work of constant solicitude and painful research, a business 
enveloped in additional perplexities by the variety of persons who 
had undertaken and abandoned the task of preparing it. All of 
them acting under different regulations or possessing different views 
as to the mode of conducting it, & which had passed thro* all 
the periods of time allowed by law for its preparation & the accounts 
& Documents already in the hands of the District Commissioner before 
I was engaged in it, and which, notwithstanding was in so unfin- 
ished a condition, that 1 found a large proportion of papers still re- 
maining to be stated, so that it became thro* necessity, one of the first 
objects of my agency, to avail myself if possible of some plausable pre- 
text for objecting to the District Commissioners conduct, so as to Justify 
the State as well in detaining them as in claiming further time for their 
Exhibition. How fully this object was accomplished may appear by a 
referrence to the protest, which I presented to the Commissioner on hw 
departure with the accounts & claims of the State, and the Report I 
made to the Executive on the occasion. With these Representations I 
Repaired to New York, and obtained a prolongation of time, having 
however, previously abstracted all the laws & regulations from the com- 
mencement of the controveray with Great Britain, that in any manner 
related to the subject of my appointment, and put into operation under 
the authority of Government proper measures for collecting from all 
quarters of the Commonwealth the best evidence to be had, with respect 
to their Execution. A mass of hetrogeneous matter as may well be 
supposed was thus brot. forward; which together with those papers 
which I had found unstated in the office, I was sedulously engaged in 
selecting and preparinjic when I received notice from the Auditor of the 
Treasury that from the extreme imperfection in which that branch of 
the Virginia claims appeared which were delivered to him by the Dis- 
trict Commissioners, and by law were assigned to his cognizance, he 
could not with Justice proceed to act upon them. Shortly afterwards a 
large proportion of those alloted for the Commissioner of army accounts 
were thrown upon my hands as being either not stated or not properly 


cognizable by him; And scarcely had we commenced business, after 1794. 
removing to Philadelphia, when the General Board found that from the Feb. 25th 
mistaken principle which prevailed thro, the accounts taken up by the 
District Commissioner, the whole that had been done with him must of 
necessity be laid aside. Thus, to my very great chagrin, I found my- 
self, time after time, plunged into new, unexpected & increasing diffi- 
culty, till at length the immense burthen devolved upon me of prepar- 
ing and exhibiting almost the whole of the account, which, in the end, 
was accomplished, to an amount oi more than twenty Eight millions of dol- 
lar? (see No. 2). Tour Excellency may form, perhaps, some idea of the 
anxiety of my mind under these perplexing circumstances, embittered 
with the reflections of my own responsibilty, and of the little time that 
remained within which the business was to be completed. In the most 
critical stage of my Agency, with my feelings all alive to my situation, 
I received notice from the Executive that my salary should be reduced. 
Having thus briefly mentioned the extent of duty which I did actually 
perform, it will now be proper to enquire. What, by my contract with 
the Government, I was bound to perform? By Referring to the 
Enclosed Extracts (No. 3, 4,) it will appear, as it must also be within 
the recollection of several members of the Executive, that my engage- 
ment was solely to act as counsel, and my duty to explain and sup- 
port an account already stated, or nearly so — a duty of itself of high 
importance, as all the papers of the Committee of safety, the Council, 
the Board of war. Board of Trade, State Agents, Navy Board, Commis- 
sioners of the Navy, Auditor of Accounts, as well as all the reports and 
retams from the various County Lieutenants, Commissioners of the 
provision law, Commissioners of the Specific Tax, and a great variety 
of sabordinate Agents, prior to the fourth of January, 1781, were 
destroyed by Arnold, and of course the evidence to justify the charges 
must of necessity be indirect, Collateral, and to be gathered only by 
laborioas research among detached remnants of the records of the several 
departments, and by attentively perusing and abstracting the laws, the 
JoamaLs of Assembly and of Congress, as well as the communications 
of the Executive, the Commander-in-Chief and Commanding Officers 
within the State to the President of Congress and Continental Board, 
and by a reference from one to another, so to combine the evidences as 
to supply the want of direct testimony. This, and to attend the exam- 
ination of the account in its progress thro' the offices of the United 
States, were the proper duties of my appointment; and these I faith- 
fully fulfllled, as far as the unforeseen embarrassments with which I was 
flurroanded would admit. Early after I came into office I found reason 
lor objection to the mode which was adopted in the exhibition of the 
claims, bat so far was it from being understood, that I was bound to 
state them, that it became a matter of special reference to the Execu- 
tive (No. 4), Whether I had any power of control at all over the man- 

4ft. C-LLETDAJI of state FAFFTBa 

I7?IC oer nt <toiiiir ic For. in tratlu aaxmos to termnwfes «i» ¥inmsea» 

Fnh. '2&tL vok^sBfin^y dsr mj ctoiintrv a» well a» htMOfinJbij co oH^BelC. I was aoi 

'liftpfiiieiL aniier 'Ui^er of laj <!natrs<!t. ta^ deeiine say finfiiigtB^ ffceie I 

<innifi be lumthi, E ^fec ao ocher boamis to mj ftxercuMK tkaak fthoeeaf l^ 

tar bejnnti che ohligalfoiii^ of mj engaceiiiefitiw aad wli^ I w:ft» thus 
jBftioiiely laboriiUj^ d> ^^omuMuit (^Aealtie» to whiek I oo^c not to hajt 
been ^tahject^eii I receiired nocice frooi the ExBCixtzvv^ that siy SAiaij 
ithouiii be reduced. Bat these were aot ail the rfrrnimTtBnrrn which 
narked thm vfsivyisrdoa of CoaneiL It poened At a tiin* whea I had joat 
been expoeeii tA the anexpeeted experience at reiBOTrin^ wttk bjt fiuulj 
fimoL ^Tew Tork — lui expenee which motft. cf net iIL of th# pablic oil- 
(vsn ot fTnited States were retmborsed i>r: rt poaaed wh«n the pciee ol 
every aeceMiary of Iffie fa Philafielphi;^ hai greatly risen and waft sdll 
rimm^ and when both Congress and the AsseoLblj of Peaag^rt¥aaia were 
makiTitg additions to the salaries of their pahise offic^^ What other 
States allowed their Agents I nerer understood, except ^at X<Nrth 
Carolina whreh^ tor a time, empiojed two:^ Z^^^ jtl^39^. and Peans}fiTa 
aia £^M per annnm. of their respectrre enrrenetesL tho: the difioihiM 
of their otfEees were triTcal eompared with those of ouae; iadeed, the 
Agent of PenoHji^^oia ha<i not ocension for a siagie elerk. the whole 
bcEsiness being prepared bj the Comptroller. Soeh was mj personai k 
reiatrre <Htaation when I recetTed notice Irron the Execatire that mj 
iHbiarj .%hoaid be reduced. I leare yoor Excel lencj to Jadge how <tis- 
honored I ^It mj^elf br this eoaiaanieatioo. Whether it was the 
eAict of misrepresentation, in the eonsei^xisaess of mj own deserts^ I 
have di'^dained to enqoire. bat I eoaki iscarce riew ii In any other point 
fA Light than as nn expression of the <iesire of the Exeeatire that I 
should re{in#|aish the bosinessw and had I been goremed by mj own 
feelings. I should have done so, bat when I rejected apoD the pecaliarlj 
embarrassing siiaation in which it then stood, that if I then abandoned 
rt, tt eoold nerer be accomplished^ nor indeed within the time limited by 
law^ eren understood, I foresaw nothing bat immense kxss to the State 
on the one hand, nnd the consequent, tho: undeserred, iadignation of 
the pobiie against me on the other. I theretore determined to continue, 
should the executive so far relax from their hard resolution, as to enaUe 
me to do so without positive lossw persuaded that when my engagements 
were eompared with my exertions and their ultimate result known, a 
regard to Justice and a conviction of the iaithful discharge of my duty, 
would finally induce them to rescind their determination altogether. 

But. sir, I do not rely only upon the merit of extra service only for 
my daim to the whole of my original allowance, but 1 ground it i^>on 
footing ol n positive contract, binding upon the Executive. It wms not 
an employment for which I solicited. I did not know that such a busi- 
ness was in ngitation till I was honoured with a request to undertake it, 


with the promise of a compensation satisfactory and honourable (No. 5). 1794. 
After examining into the nature of it, I agreed to attempt it, provided Feb. 25th 
a proper compensation was previously assured to me (No. 6). Col. 
Heth, on the part of the Executive, then conferred with me on the 
terms on which I would engage, and the subsequent resolution of Coun- 
cil of Oct. 2, 1788 (No. 3), was drawn up conformably to our agree- 
ment. These facts must be recollected by several members of the Hon- 
orable Board. In consequence of this engagement I entered upon the 
duties of my office, bound on the one hand tor perform them with fidel- 
ity, and entitled on the other to demand the punctual and full payment 
of my stipulated allowance. The executive Lad the power at their pleas- 
ure to displace me, and it rested wholly upon their estimation of my ser- 
vices Whether I should receive an additional Reward ; but in other 
respects the obligation was reciprocal, and while I was their servant, I 
was entitled to my wages. No argument can be drawn to the contrary 
from the unequal condition of the parties. In this enlightened land, 
neither station, dignities, nor power constitute right, nor can any infer- 
ence unfriendly to my claim be derived from the long continuance of the 
Business. No limitation of time was either expressed or implied in my 
agreement with Government; a period sufficient for its completion and 
DO more was in our mutual contemplation, and if that period was erro- 
neoasly estimated by either, or by both, it slill could not vitiate the 
agreement betwixt us, much less solve the one and yet hold fast the 
other. Especially, too, when its unexpected duration was more than 
counterbalanced by unexpected difficulties, furnishing full as strong a 
plea for an increase of salary as for its reduction. But the continuance 
of this Business was not dependent upon my choice, nor the result of 
my misconduct. Upon what principle then should it be converted to 
my disadvantage? It is true, indeed, I might have availed myself of 
the impatience which I knew existed for its conclusion, and by a partial 
exhibition of the exertions of the State saved myself a great deal of 
trouble and fatigue, and have been at least secured against the possible 
suspicion of an unnecessary protraction ; but I should have done it with 
the sacrifice of some millions of dollars, and, after all, the objects of the 
sacrifice would not have been obtained, for this prolongation was not 
pecaliar to Virginia. The accounts of Maryland & North Carolina, 
tho: comparatively simple, were completed but about the same period 
as oars, and those of Pennsylvania not long before. Indeed, so little 
bad the States South of New Jersey the lead of us, that the Agents of 
all of them, except the one from Delaware, whose proximity of resi- 
dence enabled him to attend as occasion required, remained in Philadel- 
phia till the termination of the Business. Of all these persons in this 
particular similarly circumstanced with myself, I am probably the only 
one, allow me to remark, who met with the mortifying distinction of a 
rediieti<m of his salary. With these impressions upon my mind, I con- 


1794. eeire tkji I mm boC eHisg otfieBee to tke Chiti Magamte of m firee peo- 
Fctt 25S(b pie, wben I eofkte»i tor nij ri^tSw Tho: an kmoiUe indiTidoal, thej 
are lui wmrtd in the eye of Jostiee i# those of Goreraacttt. Underthe 
supaljaMMi* of mj cootrMt. I ocight hoc to hare been brMiglii down to 
a fH^ecarioQJi dependasee apoB the bocuttj ol the E xetuti f e , who by the 
firil set €i4^ redoetion might hare draw a p r ecedeot for a seeond, and 
perhaps a third, the nearer the bvssinefla approached to an end. No 
eharge of miflcondnct has been alled^ed against bcl If there is anj, I 
afli able to relate it ; if there is none, let it not be deemed disrespeethd 
that I insist for the whole arrearages of mj salarr. coalbnnabljr to the 
terms and spirit of my original engagement. 

I have enclosed mj aceoant ''No. 9^ and feeling as I do the oonscioas- 
neas of an oncea«ng derotion to the interests of mj conntiy throogb- 
oot the whole of my ardaoos employments i cannot persuade myself 
It will be rejected. How fkr I may be entitled to additional compen* 
sation, agreeably to repeated aasarances. both written (No. 3, 5, 7^ 8,) 
and Terbal, most depend apon the sense the EzecntiTe entertain of the 
merit of my eerrices. I have already expressed that moch more wss 
' foond necessary to be done than was expected^ bat in fiurt it is impossi- 
ble In any representation to convey a tolerable idea of the many diffi- 
culties I bad to eocoonter in so extensive a work, where everything was 
to seek^ to arrange, to amend, or to compleaU A view of the general 
account current (No. 2) as presented by me to the Board ot Ck>mmis- 
sioners will perhaps afford the best exhibition of the various nature of 
the claims, the diversity of the materials from whence the charges 
were abstracted, and the number of books and separate subordinate 
accounts in which they were comprised. A little attention will shew 
that a very large amount particularly of the 3rd and 5tb General divis- 
ions into which I classed the accounts, weie chiefly, if not entirely, ab- 
stracted from documents not to be found, or which had not been acted 
upon in the public offices of the state, but which I was induced to seek 
for, from my perBonal practical acquaintance with the arrangements & 
transactions which took place during the war, and which I could only 
have obtained by laborious researches among the files and records of 
this and the United States, or by the Collections A Enquiries which were 
made thro' the country under my direction. Thus the greater part of 
the specific tax for the year 1780 could only be ascertained by the evi- 
dence of some loose notes gleaned from a bundle of miscellaneous memo- 
randums of Mr. Jefferson's during his administration, which his indul- 
gence allowed roe to inspect. But it would be irksome to descend to par- 
ticulars. I shall therefore specify but one example more, and that be- 
cause it does not appear in the general account, for alt ho' it occurred to 
my recollection that the colony under the Crown held a considerable 
number of arms, and altho' I had made it the subject of special corres- 
pondence with those from whom I had reason to expect information, 


jet I could obtain no snfiGicient evidoDce to substantiate a definite charge 1794. 
for them, till I had recourse to the files of the old Congress, where I Feb. 26th 
found an official report of at least ten thousand stand of British arms 
furnished at the earliest commencement of the war irom the magazines 
at Williamsburg and elsewhere within the state. Having already pre- 
sented the general account, I could only inform the Board of the cir- 
cumstance with a copy of the authority for the claims, and urge that as 
the want of a document in the power of the state, whereon to ground 
the charge arose from the devastation of the common enemy, and that 
as the United States had long been in possession of the testimony, I 
conceived them bound in equity to admit the claim for the full value, 
with interest to the amount, if I rightly recollect, of one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars, however late it be, as to the time it was presented. 
As this happened after the door was shut against the Exhibition of 
claims, I could obtain no written consent from the Board for its admis- 
sion, but in private and separate conversations they gave me assurances 
that this equitable charge should have its full weight in counter-bal- 
ancing any objectionable parts in other Branches of the accounts of the 
state. A view of the General account will also shew that I have en- 
deavoured, tho' with very considerable trouble, to keep the great sub- 
jects of expenditure distinct, authorizing thereby a much earlier com- 
mencement of interest, and with respect to the specifics, the charge of 
much higher prices than the Commonwealth allowed, and enabling me 
to apply general and collateral testimony with far greater advantage 
than I could have done had the charges been exhibited according to the 
order of settlements at the Auditor's office, without regard to their 
ori^nai connections. But a reference to the report of the General 
Board and a comparison with other states will shew more fully the 
fiivorable result of my negociations. For this purpose I wish I could 
have obtained an abstract from the Book '* A,'' referred to by the com- 
misBioners in their report. The hope of procuring it has induced me 
till this late date to delay the representation which I now have the 
honor to make. That abstract would have shewn the precise balances 
admitted to the credit of Virginia and the United States. Upon th^ 
adjustment of their separate or proper accounts. These balances the 
Act of Congress directs shall be added together, and form what is called 
the aggregate debt of the United States to the Individual state. Of 
this aggregate each state was chargeable with a certain proportion, and 
if that proportion exceeded the balance due her on her proper or sepa- 
rate account, such state became a debtor to the amount of that Excess. 
By the same rule the Creditor States were ascertained. Of course there 
were two important points upon which the issue with respect to any 
state depended. First, the amount due her upon proper account ; and 
secondly, the proportion of the aggregate with which she was charge- 
Able. This seoond point, it was supposed, would have been regulated 


1794. generally according to the estimated ability of the respective states 
Feb. 25th daring the period when the apportioned services and sapplies were to 
have been rendered, but Congress thought proper by an early law after 
the adoption of the new Constitution, to fix it upon the same principle as 
that of the representation under the first enumeration which should 
thereafter be taken. This consequently placed the ratio of appoint- 
ment wholly without the controul or influential contemplation either of 
the General Board of Commissioners or of the Agents from the several 
states. The first point therefore, vis: the amount that should be found 
due upon the private or separate account of Virginia, was of coarse the 
only object to which my responnibility extended; and if under my man- 
agement that amount has been swelled to a sum of very considerable 
magnitude more than equal to the abilities at which she was estimated 
during the war, and fully commensurate with the exertions of the other 
states, I trust it will be acknowledged. I have meritoriously discharged 
my duty, and exhibited the state in ian honourable point of view, what- 
ever may have been the subsequent unfavorable effect of the appor- 
tionment prescribed by Congress. Bearing in mind this Just distinc- 
tion, permit me to appeal to the candour of the Honorable Board, and 
particularly of those members who were in office at the time of my 
appointment, whether if I could then have assured them under the evi- 
dent difficulties of the Business and the very unfavorable aspect which 
it then bore, that upon closing our proper or separate account we should 
appear to have contributed more largely than either Pennsylvania or 
Massachusetts (the two states nearest to us in size and importance), and 
that according to our quota during the war a considerable balance 
should be found in our favour. Would they not without hesitation, 
may I ask, have assured to me in return, not the stipulated compensa- 
tion which I am now reduced to the unpleasant necessity of asking for, 
but a liberal and honorable additional reward? All this, sir, has been 
accomplished even under difficulties much greater than were contem- 
plated. Have I not a right then respectfully to hope for a favorable 
attention to ray present application? On a former occasion I had the 
honor to observe that had the aggregate debt of the Union been appor- 
tioned either according to the ratio of contribution during the war, or 
of representation in the first federal house of representatives, Vir- 
ginia, as I was informed by some of the Commissioners, would have 
been a creditor state by an amount of at least two millions of dollars. 
A reference to Book '^ A," would, no doubt, set this point in a clear light, 
but as 1 have hitherto been unable to obtain any abstract of it, I must 
rely upon the data furnished in the report itself. And upon these I 
trust I shall be able to shew that altho* Pennsylvania appears as the 
smallest debtor state in the list, yet, in fact, even under the unfavorable 
operation of the apportionment prescribed by Congress, Virginia is pro- 
portionably a less debtor than Pennsylvania; and further that the bal* 


&Dce due Virginia on her private or proper accoont is considerably 1794. 
greater, not only than that of Pennsylvania, but even of Massachusetts, Feb. 25th 
dtho' the latter appears by the report as the greatest Creditor State in 
the Union. 

During the War Virginia was rated at one-sixth, but under the Acts 
of Congress, the proportion of Kentucky being chargeable to her, and 
Vermont being wholly excluded from the computation, she became liable 
for between a fourth and fifth part of the whole aggregate, her share, 
agreeably to the report of the commissioners, amounting to 100,879 dol- 
lars — more than the balance due her on her proper or separate account. 
The ultimate balance against Pennsylvania was 76,709 dollars; whereas, 
if we assign a sum for her debt having the same relation to her repre- 
»entation, 13, which the debt of Virginia bears to hers, 21, Kentucky in 
&11 cases included, the debt of Pennsylvania would be only 62,468 20-100 
dollars. Thus it appears, demonstrably, that Pennsylvania is debtor for 
14,260 10-100 dollars more in proportion than Virginia, and Virginia 
for 23,035 53-100 dollars less in proportion than Pennsylvania. Of 
course the balance due to Virginia upon her account proper, exceeds 
that due Pennsylvania in exactly the same proportion. If we recur to 
the quotas during the war, when Virginia was rated at a sixth and 
Pennsylvania at an eighth, we shall find the latter to be still deficient, 
altho' not so much so as in the present case, her proportion with respect 
to the former being as 15} to 21, or as 3 to 4. But not only is Virginia 
the smallest proportionate debtor in the Union, and her proper balance 
relatively as well as really greater than that of Pennsylvania, but it 
will also be found considerably to exceed even that of Massachusetts. 
Daring the war, Virginia and Massachusetts were equally rated, and 
each required to contribute a sixth of the whole expense. If, therefore, 
we estimate the aggregate of this expence at any given sum — say 
$60,000,000 — the proportion for each of those states will be by that 
rale $10,000,000; and if for argument sake we suppose that each had 
fumisbed her full quota of contribution, the balance due each upon her 
proper account would be $10,000,000, which being the exact proportion 
of the aggregate chargeable to each, of course neither state would be 
either debtor or creditor. But if we apply the new rule prescribed by 
Congress, the quotient instead of 6, will be 4}H for Virginia, and only 
7Hi for Massachusetts, which is in the exact ratio of 3 to 2, adding just 
as mucb (vis: one-fifth) to the one as it takes from the other swelling 
the proportion of Virginia to $12,000,000, and reducing that of Massa- 
chusetts to $8,000,000, and of course making the former a debtor to the 
amoant of $2,000,000, and the latter a creditor for the same sum. 

But in the present case, Virginia is much loss a debtor than Massa- 
chusetts is a Creditor, and consequently the proper balance of Virginia 
mast be proportionably greater than that of Massachusetts ; for if we 
dedact $100,879, the present debit of Virginia, from $12,000,000, her 


1794. quota, her proper balance would be $11,899,121; whereas if we add 
Feb. 2^h $1,248,801, the present credit of Massachusetts, to $8,000,000, her quota, 
her proper balance would bo only $9,248,801, so that the balance of the 
proper account of Virginia would exceed that of Massachusetts $2,650,320, 
and yet under the unfortunate operation of the Act of Congress, Massa- 
chusetts is ultimately creditor for $1,349,680 more than Virginia. These 
appear to me to be obvious deductions, establishing the points I have 
advanced, and whatever may be the real aggregate debt of the Union, 
the same principles will apply and similar consequences must follow. 
I might proceed in my comparison with other states, but I will not 
longer detain your Excellency than to add one more remark, and that is, 
that when it is considered how strong the prejudices against Virginia 
ran upon the subject of her accounts, and in what a ludicrous point of 
view they were represented by the General Board themselves in their 
report to Congress at New York, it will certainly be acknowledged that 
a very great change was effected in the opinions and dispositions of that 
Board, and that notwithstanding the boasted regularity of several of 
the States and the advantage which most of them enjoyed in the pres- 
ervation of their public records, and in other circumstances it must be 
admitted that the business with which I was entrusted, as far as the 
result depended upon me, has terminated as favorably as the most san- 
guine person of information could possibly have expected. How far 
this is to be ascribed to any merit of my own, and whether my services 
have been such as may meet the favour of a reward agreeably to the 
additional assurances frequently repeated to me, are points which must 
ultimately depend upon the decision of the Executive, to whose Justice, 
candor, and liberality this representation is most repectfully submitted. 

I have the honor to be, &o. 

No. 1. 

The commissioners appointed to Execute the several Acts of Congress 
to provide more effectually for the Settlement of the Accounts between 
the United States and the Individual States, Report That they have 
maturely considered the claims of the Several States against the United 
States, and the charges of the United States against the Individual 
States. That they have gone through the process prescribed in the 5th 
Section of the Act of Congress, passed the 5th day of August, 1790, 
(the particulars whereof will be found in Book "A," lodged with the 
papers of this office in the treasury department), and find that there is 
due, including interest to the 31st day of December, 1789, to the State of 
New Hampshire, Seventy-five thousand and fifty-five dollars. 
Massachusetts, One million two hundred forty-Eight thousand Eight 

hundred and one dollars. 
Bhode Island, Two hundred ninety-nine thousand Six hundred and 

Eleven dollars. 


onnecticQt, Six hundred and nineteen thousand one hundred & twenty- 1794. 

one dollars. Feb. 25th 

few Jersey, Forty-nine thousand and thirty dollars. 
oath Carolina, One million two hundred and five thousand Nine hun- 
dred and seventy-Eight dollars, 
eorgia, Nineteen thousand Nine hundred and Eighty-Eight dollars. 
.nd that there is due, including Interest to the Slst day of December, 
1789, from the State of 
few York, Two million Seventy-four thousand Eight hundred and 

forty-six dollars, 
'ennsylvania. Seventy-six thousand Seven hundred and nine dollars. 
Delaware, Six hundred and twelve thousand four hundred and twenty- 
Eight dollars, 
[aryland, One hundred and fifty-one thousand Six hundred and forty 

Tirginia, One hundred thousand Eight hundred and seventy-nine dollars, 
^orth Carolina, Five hundred and one thousand and Eighty-two dollars. 
9f bich several sums they, by virtue of the authority to them delegated, 
leclare to be final and conclusive balances due to and from the Several 

Office of the Commissioner of Accounts, ) 
Philadelphia, June 29th, 1793. j 

Signed : 


I certify the above to be a true copy from the original. 

Secretary to the President of the United States. 

No. 2. 

The United States, 

To the Commonwealth of Virginia, Dr. 

(for supplies and services on account of the late war.) 

To amount of Payments & advances made at the Treasury of the 
Bute, arranged into different accounts, viz : 

Acc't of sundry payments from April, 1, to September 
lOth, 1775, 6,685 29 

For volunteer service, in 1775, (in a paper book,) - - 41,425 58 

Abstniets of Treasury receipts from Sept. 1775, to Dec 31, 
1780, (in 2 bound books,), . . . , 8,708,298 72 

Payment to Commissioners of loans to exchange for new 

rftiffia>xj: a- ?TA!rt z^^szas. 

iH?i JSitL rriHt Kilt Ht: TT^" - ' - ^ - - ^SZJSU 57 

!!f mnninc a: ifeniiieai^ or ^^ursBnm jrnnnfic. i«r xbi- jsnfoon or 
'I^diimiuitiirniiST)' iir uiiciuuic ciamr-tnrr mximBauc jnrqmnx-, tim.. 

Viiraam- HRiurL imnr it- TTrC nn: m^uiiuiL n. litt Jii^ 
Pinrnif "mmiffi: irrm "Uw ^TOBaajr^ imai& 'n l i«niiiic 

▼iraai* ir i;tirLi&?uu» ifr. niiiniL «r^i?a »> ir- hbt rnlii- 

iMiffL iiimifnr-rL d X:n:Hnuf*L n. i. iminiL tM%fic - 1^4^^6 

irn- ^ nmrn^t^ rr ^nxriiiuL^ rniiiiitsnxa iiiii rhioi iiuBb. 

l:IUQi*L 11 ^IH Jlirt2£r4»lUi; 11 r MtUllL Milil£3> , - > IwiLI37 28 

X:in*aii<«a> a utnuiidiiir iitt "iiiitu. ^(rftoen itirrancn- «iiisi 

"iiH :«fi&-tiin. jt L jttn«fr irim . ~ - - - ^.S39 25 

L Zjutpwc in- imtitrr iiftr^r^ ilt T>riidi(!?«- n & mqiar 

FriLZ'iiL Hi janmnc re ^miiirn' nmnw diwiMC!^L 3«^|t )nr ^ \ M n its 
ic -Lit* !r'?Mai*<i:T"fl: -k laiL "nijr;.:*- t r A do err > v^hrrkia^ ifrntin;:S»a«^ not 

jiinLrittt'lui itvTt. . ^ . « . 10.174 9S 


Fifth, To amount of sundry accounts not founded on the Auditor's or 1794. 
Treasurer's books, & not included in any other account, viz: Feb. 25th 

1. Lead from mines, (in a paper book), - - - 150,598 77 

2. Waggons, teams, &c., from the counties, and clothing 

from the districts under the Act of October, 1780, (in 

2 paper books), - - - - - 139,795 80 

3. Bounties by County and classes under certain recruiting 

Acts, (in 2 paper books), .... 1,090,221 15 

4. Hemp received in taxes & applied to procure military 

stores, (in a paper book), .... 8,896 06 

5. Land to army & navy for their services as per account, 287,989 20 
Add Illinois' claim liquidated by special commissioners 

with interest, ...... 740,000 00 

$28,281,145 18 

N. B. After the above account was presented to the General Board 
an additional claim was exhibited, the precise amount of which is not 
exactly recollected, but it was not less than 150,000 dollars. 

No. 3. 

Extract from the Journal of Council, October, 1788: 

Col. Wm. Davies having undertaken to act as Counsel in the Settle- 
ment of the Accounts of this Commonwealth againr»t the United States, 
it 16 advised — that for travelling to, attending at and returning from 
New York or such other place out of the State as shall be appointed by 
Congress for the auditing of the Commissioner of Army accounts, or the 
BoArd of three on the said accounts, he be allowed six dollars per day ; 
and that farther compensation shall be made him, if upon the comple- 
tion of the Business his services shall appear to deserve it, the Gover- 
nor orders accordingly. 

No. 4. 

Extract fVom the Journal of Council of Dec. 31, 1788: 

The Governor laid before the Board a resolution of the General As- 
aenibly empowering the Executive to take effectual measures for settling 
the accounts of this State against the United States, and it being sug- 
gested that it is not decided whether Col. Davies or Mr. Dunscomb had 
aatboritj to control all proceedings in the settlement of the said 
aoeoootSy the Board advise that Mr. Dunscomb be directed to give 
CoL Davies every information in his power respecting the demands of 
this State against the United States, and take his advice and direction 
in preparing and stating the same, and that he suffer him at all times 
to haTe access to any books, papers, or vouchers in his possession. 

A. BLAIE, C'lk. 


1794. No. 5. 

Feb. 25th Extract of a letter from Gov. Edm'd Bandolph to W. D., dated Rich- 
mond, Aag. 19, 1788: 

*' We wish to obtain yoar aid in the settlemeQt of oar accoants against 
the United States. The {>articulars cannot be well stated to joa on 
[>aper, bat if yon can make it convenient to ride over to this place, and 
inform yourself of tbeir general nature, so as to determine whether joa 
can go fiirther or not, we will make your compensation satisfactory I 
hope, and honorable. 

The sooner you visit us, if at all, the more suitable it will be to the 
public necessity. 

No. 6. 

Extract of a letter from CoL W. D. to Grov. Ed. Randolph, dated Rich- 
mond, Oct. 1, 1788 : 

*' I have perused the papers entrusted to me by your Excellency, and 
from the nature of the business, as well as the late day when my agency 
in it will commence, 1 cannot undertake it without diffidence and much 
apprehension that my endeavors may not give that satisfaction I shall 
be very anxious to afford. The period for the admission of claims is 
past, and the accounts & vouchers imperfect as they must be, and 
already in the hands of the district commissioner, they are therefore 
not within my power of inspection, much less of a pointed preparation 
either to support the items or to controvert particular objections, those 
only excepted which have been noted by Mr. Winder. The refusal of 
Gentlemen by far more competent than myself to undertake this busi- 
ness at a period much earlier, and therefore of more leisure and advan- 
tage, cannot fail to impress a conviction of the labor and difficulty 1 
must encounter in the prosecution. Indeed, under any circumstances, 
I should scarcely feel myself at liberty to abandon my professional pur- 
suits and to suspend a very necessary attention to my private affairs, 
had I not a hope that from my former office in the state, and agency 
with the army, during a great part of the time in which I presume a 
considerable proportion of the claims had their origin, I might be able 
to afford such useful information as in some measure might counter- 
balance my incompetency in other respects. I have therefore concluded 
to enter upon the business, and shall hope for such information repect- 
ing the compensation I may expect as will assure to me that while I am 
devoting my time to the service of the public, I am not inattentive lo 
the interests of those for whom I am more peculiarly bound to provide. 


No. 7. 1794. 

Resolution of Council dated December 7, 1790: 

The Board took into consideration the State of the office of the Cora- Feb. 25th 
missioner for the Continental Accounts. Whereupon the Board are of 
opinion that as the Business of the Comraissioner is likely to be of 
longer continuance than was expected at the time of his appointment, 
it IB proper that his salary should be reduced to a standing annual sum. 
It IS therefore advised that from and after the first day of January 
next, he be allowed at the rate of four hundred pounds p. annum, and 
that when the business shall bo completed, the Executive will make him 
such further compensation as his services, in their opinion, shall entitle 
him to. The Governor orders accordingly. 

A. BLAIR, C. C. 

No. 8. 

Extract of a letter from Gov. B. Randolph to W. D., dated Dec. 10th, 

Incloeed is an Act of the Executive, fixing your salary at a certain 
annual sum in future. The advice states the reason which has induced 
this measure. The sum it is hoped will be competent to your support. 
The compensation for your services is left open for future determina- 
tion, upon principles which give you assurance that it will be fully 
equivalent to them. 

A. BLAIR, C. C. 

David Pattkson, L. C. C, to the Governor. Feb. 26th 

In pursuance of your letter of 17th, I without loss of time called out Manchester 
a small part of the militia of Chesterfield County as a Guard to prevent 
an infraction of the Peace which at that time seemed to threaten the 
Inhabitants of the Town of Manchester. Agreeable to yours of the 
19th, the Guard has been continued until the 24th, being then of opinion 
that the danger which was at first apprehended, ceased to exist, I dis- 
charged the militia which had been so called out. A state of the ser- 
vice & expenditure I will lay before you so soon as I can collect the 
Bolls from the officers commanding. 

The 24th Inst., the Justices of our County met at this place to take 
under consideration yours of the 19th. Their determination you have 
enclosed, by which you*ll observe they consider a Guard necessary. 
Consequently I have again ordered out a small part of the militia for 
the purposes by them required. I am satisfied that a strict comply- 
ance with their views may cause complaints, and perhaps heart burn- 



1794. ings, but if on the contrary a Retaliation by me should prove the cause 
Feb. 28th by which the infectious disorder now prevailing in the city of Rich- 
mond should make its way to this County, to you. sir, I can appeal how 
I am to answer to those who have placed confidence in me; therefore to 
do my duty with promptitude seems to be the safest method to pursue. 
Strictness to the few may prove the salvation of the many. 

The 21st Inst. I was sent for by the officer commanding the Guard at 
the foot of Mayo's bridge, & informed that Mr. James Hays with a party 
of armed men had crossed the River opposite Rocketts & gone towards 
his dwelling house. Knowing well that caution was necessary to be 
preserved to prevent fresh disorder, I determined to ride down and 
enquire into their Intentions. I found Mr. Hayes in his Garden, & 
observed to him that the minds of the Inhabitants wore again in a way 
to be disturbed from the representation of the Centinel posted opposite 
Rocketts. He said much about liberty & preventing his going to his 
own home, &c, ; to all of which I gave for an answer that he would not 
be disturbed by me or my order, but that armed men at that time were 
exceedingly improper, afler what had happened on the night of the 
16th, adding that my visit was as a County man to make enquiry, t 
that it would give me pain should any thing happen to make it neces- 
sary to speak the language of the officer of the County. During our 
conversation on this subject Mr. Hayes would not inform me the names 
of the persons who had gone over with him. However, b«ing satisfied 
that their Intentions was to shoot Birds, I cared little for their names, 
& returned to the Guard. In the Even'g I directed the officer to mount 
a discreet young Gentleman on my own horse to ride opposite Rocketts 
& see or direct that Mr. Hayes & those with him were allowed to pass 
without interruption; provided they did not Commence Hostilities. 
When they went over I know not, never having made further enquiry, 
but convinced I am that they were not molested in the smallest degree. 
Mr. Younghusband being with Mr. Hayes on the 16th & again on the 
21st armed, seemed to cause suspicion. Mr. Hayes ought to have known 
my meaning was friendly, having gone without arms or attendants. 
Much more passed in conversation, which would be too tedious, & by no 
means necessary to relate. From the moment this unfortunate business 
was communicated to me, to the present, I have zealously endeavoured 
so to act as to give no Just cause of complaint, & to you, sir, I am 
at all times accountable for my conduct. 

I have the Honour to be, &c. 

Feb. 27th MlL8. M. HODSON TO HER SON. 

Has heard that the soldiers and people of Richmond are determined 
to march into Manchester, and if they meet with the least opposition, to 
use cannon. Hopes that he will go to the country. 



Sending Bond as collector of arrears of taxes in the Third Brigade Mar. 3d 
district. Louisa 

Chas. Wells to the Governor. Mar. 3d 

J^ this opportunity I take the liberty to mention some things rela- Ohio county 
tivQ to the present contract for furnishing provision to the rangers on 
this frontier. When the contract was entered into, I understood and 
I hope your Excellency also did, that the provision was to be furnished 
at the places, which were established in the former year by Messrs. 
Wooda, since which time I find that the troops are generally on the 
River, find require the provision furnished at the diflferent posts, which 
accumalates an expence such as the State price of the Rations will not 
admit of, besides the danger of the River in sending provisions without 
escort. I hope your Excellency will consider the disadvantage that I 
labor UQder on this occasion, also the difficulty of furnishing provision 
at this time, when every article demands cash on acc't of a continual 
supply which Gen. Wayne's army demands. I have supplyed the sta- 
tion of Little Kenhawa with four months provision, and have also pro- 
vided for the other Stations now established on the River. Could it be 
in your Bxcellency*s power to forward some part of the money to ena- 
ble me to continue the supplys, it would be very acceptable, as I find 
myself in need at this time. The prevailing opinion at this time with 
us is war. The people are strongly attached to the cause of France, 
and some eager to try their fortune once more with Britain. These will 
be handed you by Mr. William Boggs, who is intrusted with the differ- 
ent paper* relative to this county. Should anything occur which might 
privilege another appointment of a Lt. on this frontier. Mr. Boggs I 
am persuaded will serve, provided your Excellency should think proper 
to give him the appointment. I think he will discbarge his trust. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Endorsed on the above the following: 

Received from the Governor an order on the Auditor for five hundred 
dollars for Mr. Charles Well, 18th Ap'l. 


W. Tate to the Governor. Mar. 3d 

Contractor Kent asks for an advance of fifteen hundred dollars to Washington 
enable him to furnish Rations for volunteer militia on frontier. county 


17^ J. Petoe to the Gotsesoe, 

Kar. 3d I arrived safe with my chMr^ jestefdaj at AiexaDdria, having pre- 

Geof^Btown vailed on CoL Hoomes and the Poi»t Master to ^oiTer the Stage to run on 
Sunday by hiring a man k Horse to bring on the mail to-day at an 
expense of about six dollars. 

Incloeed is a duplicate ree't by v'e'h yoa will obaerve that the cut sil- 
ver oTerran by aboat a dollar; the weight of the Gold was exact w'th 
that it bore at the TreasiuT, bat different in calculation 28 dollars 34 
centfl — 1-6 the dis'et being the allowance at the Bank as the PreeideDt 
informed me, and 4-10 calculated by the Treasurer; however, on ibis 
head you will bear from Mr. FendalL The Copies of the laws I iefl as 

Finding the Roads almost impassable^ (with other passengers) I em- 
braced an opp*ty to this plaee^ w'eh offered the Instant I finished my 
business, at the Bank by water, k when or how I shall get forward to 
Phil'a the event can only determine, I count on ten days from this at 

I am with much respect, Ac. 

Bank of Alexandria, March 3rd, 17^. Rec'd of the Treasurer of the 
State of Virginia, of Major Pry or, Seventy-four thousand nine hundred & 
thirty-three pennyweights. Eighteen Grs. Cut silver & five Hundred 
nineteen pennyweights i six Grs. German Gold, for which post notes 
are to be remitted to the Treasurer agreeably to the contract for the 
President, Directors & Company of the Bank of Alex'a. 



Fredericks- '^^^ undersigned having the honor to be commissioned by you to the 
^^^"^ command of the Fredericksburg Artillery Company, we have taken the 
liberty to write to you with respect to the prices of ordnance for the 
company. We could wish to have two Light Six pounders, as in our 
opinion would be a good size for the field, and as it is our wish and de^ 
termination to have our Company equal in disipline to any in the regular 
service, we could also wish to have every apparatus necessary, ready 
at hand that should we be called upon to take the field we may be able 
to march at two hours notice. We likewise could wish to have tackling 
for four Horses, fixed ammunition such as round & Grape shot with car- 
tridges; also a small Tumbril for carrying ammunition, &c.; about fifty 
stand of small arms or Fusees with pouches & Bayonets. It will also 
be necessary for us to have a House in order to keep these things safe. 


If yoQ will be so good, Sir, as to acquaint us when and where wo shall 1794. 
get Guns, &c., Capt. Callendar will repair there & have them conveyed Mar. 4th 
to this place as quick as possible. 

With the greatest respect, We are Sir, 

Your most h*ble Serv't. 

JNO. LEGG, Lieut. 
JAS. SMOCK, 2nd. Lieut. 

J. Pendleton to the Governor. Mar. 6th 

The Co'wealth*s Ex'ons, w*ch should bo doHverod to the Agents Auditor's 
appointed by the Executive under the 9th class of the Acts of '93, will oflSce 
soon be ready to goe out, & but few of the Bonds to be given by the 
Agents are yet come to hand. I wish therefore to be honoured with 
the commands of the Board, Whether the Ex'ons for the Districts where 
the Agent has not yet transmitted his bond must wait the arrival of the 
bond, or whether they shall goe to the Sheriffs, as usual. I begg to 
request the interposition of the Hon'blo Board on the Business of the 
enclosed letter — Jst, Law touching the subject is 6th chap, of the Acts 
of '91 ; 2nd, 20th chap, of the Acts of '92. 

If the Executive should be of opinion that they can authorize a sec- 
ond offer of the lands, I presume they will make the instructions to me 
a General one, as no doubt similar instances will occur. 

I am yr. Ex'y's 

Most ob*t Serv't. 

J. WiMBisH TO Mr. John Pendleton, Auditor. Mar. 5th 

The whole of the Commonwealth's Lands agreeable to the lists trans- 
mitted the Sheriffs of Halifax has been offered for sale, and there is a 
^ge proportion of them remains unsold for want of bidders; and as 
the law does not particularly direct the Sheriffs to offer them more than 
ooce, am at a loss what to do. It appears useless to return the lists as 
tbej were Kec'd, and I am of the opinion that if it was offered again a 
good deal of it would sel. People are getting their crops down now, 
Aod it IS more in there power to purchase than when it was offered. 
Another Reason that from the former sales of land in that County, they 
vere led to beleave if they did not pui*chase their lands when last 
oStrtd, that they would in future have it in there power to get it on 
better termSi which mistaken Idea is now removed by one of our Delle- 


1794. gittes, therefore have thongbt proper to advise with jrou, and if joo 
Mar. 5th think the law will Justify another sale or sales, yoa'll please direct me 
and r shall act accordingly. 

I am, sir, Ac. 


Middlebnrg I have to acknowledge the rec't of your ^vor of 6th inst. notifying: 
the appointment which yoo and your H'ble Board have been pleased to 
confer on me. This I consider the more honourable as being unsolicited, 
and if anything could make me more assiduous in discharging the du- 
ties of any public office it would be by getting into them in this man- 
ner. I have never enjoyed a firm state of health since I left the Assem- 
bly in 1792, but as I conceive there cannot be a great deal of business 
to do in this District I hope it may be in my power to do it, & I think 
1 may with safety assure you that what there is to do shall be well done, 
& the mpney as fast as it can be got into my hands remitted to the 
Treasury. I return the bond executed. You are acquainted with the 
circumstances of the Gentlemen who have signed it with me. It would 
therefore be unnecessary for me to say that they both possess growing 
estates, each of at least five times the amount of the penalty in the 
Bond. So soon as you shall be pleased to furnish mo with the necessary 
instructions I shall enter into the Execution of the duties of the office. 

I am, &c. 

Mar. 7th Edmund Pkndleton to the Governor. 

Cftrotina Mr. Hoomes has just informed me of your having sent me the choice of 
county g places for holding the succeeding Court of Appeals, For which I am 
under groat obligations. There seems to be no competition but between 
Hanover Town k the Bowling Green, & I feel a delicacy in preferring 
the latter, as it is mopt convenient to me, & less so to my worthy asso- 
ciates than the other, but it claims the preference in having a commo- 
dious room for holding the court, and the daily running of the Stage 
will afford a ready means of procuring any papers from Richmond w*eh 
may be found necessary in the course of the term. However, I can 
with cheerfulness attend the other place, if Judged more Eligible. 

I have the honor to be with great Bsteem, Ac 


Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 1794. 

The moment I rec*d your iDStructions relative to Artillery & L*t In- Mar. 9th 
fantry companies, I furnished the Capt's with a copy thereof, & I hope Norfolk 
it will have the desired eflfect, & bring them into order. You do not say 
whether the militia generally are to have red cockades. This distinction 
appears to me only for the artillery. When a company is now formed, 
the oflScers & men have as many different Kinds of cockades as there 
arft faces, which makes an ai^kward figure. The black with a try colored 
ribband in the center appears most desirable by the numbers who wear 
them. The black does not go down altogether as it makes no distinc- 
tion from the Brittish. 

I am, &c. 

We have news (certain it appears) from Guernsey of Tarlton being 
taken and all the ships in the harbour burnt. The British have landed 
at Martinique. I hope they will return without effecting any thing. 

Edmund Harrison to the Governor. Mar. lOth 

Agreeable to your request I have seen Col. Davies and have adjusted Petersburg 
the reeponsibility of his Agency much to my own satisfaction & I trust 
with the acquiescence of the Board. I have a deposit of seven thou- 
sand and fifly-nine pounds, 4-6 which will be lodged with the Auditor. 
When this is added to his landed estate & the personal & real estates of 
his securities, I can venture to predict the public will be no losers by 
his agency. As to the discrimination of Mr. Poythress, had I have been 
at the board 1 could have informed them that the signature was of the 
elder Mr. Poythress, As the younger would have annexed Jun'r to his 

1 am, &c. 

Richard Marshall Scott to the Governor. Mar. loth 

The memorial of Richard Bristow, of Great Britain, an infant under 
the Age of Twenty-one years, by Richard Marshall Scott, of Dumfries, 
in the county of Prince William, attorney in fkot for Mary Bristow, 
John Askill Bockhall, and Reuben Phillipson, guardians of his person 
and estates, most respectfully sheweth. Thai your memorialist, Robert 
Bristow, waA in the year 1779, and before that year, seized and pos- 
sessed of sundry tracts of land and a considerable number of slaves 
within the Commonwealth of Virginia, concerning which, proceedings 


1794. in the luitare of escheat aod forfeitare were commeooed and had, wbere- 
Mar. 10th by, as it has been soppofied by some, but which joar memorialist can- 
Dot admit, the said tracts of land and slaves became vested in the Com- 
monwealth, one of the said tracts of land situated in the eountv of 
Prince William, and containing between seven and eight thoasand acres, 
and of good quality, was not sold during the war, but hath remained 
ever since the year 1779 under the management of the Commonwealth, 
who, or its Agent, hath received the rents and profits thereof, and a 
commiflHioner authorized and appointed in pursuance of an Act of the 
laist General Assembly of Virginia for sellidg the same hath advertised 
the sale thereof to be on the first Monday in May next. A certain 
Charles Ewell and others, severally claiming rights to leases for a long 
term of years, have obtained an injunction restraining the sale of those 
parcels of the said tract of land, to which their claims extend till the 
further order of the court, a copy of which bill and of the order of the 
court is herewith sent, and thereunto your memorialist prays leave to 
refer. Those claims apply to a large proportion of the land, and the 
residue cannot be now sold so advantageously as they would be sold if 
the whole tract was sold in parcels at the same time. In consequence 
of the dispersed situation throughout the whole tract, in which the lots 
are, that are not subject to the aforesaid injunction, the Justice of the 
aforesaid claims, your memorialist doth not admit, and therefore expects 
will be satisfactorily proved to the court. Further, your memorialist 
prays leave to state that many of the tenants on the said tract of land who 
had rights to leases for years or lives, have by various acts of waste 
and destruction, and otherwise, forfeited their rights to the same. 
Under the circumstances, it is not reasonable to expect that the said 
lands will be sold for anything equal to their real value in the month of 
May next, before which time the merits of the said injunction cannot be 
tried and decided, nor can the tenants who have forfeited their rights be 
dispossessed. Your memorialist takes this opportunity to declare that 
under the Treaty of peace with Great Britain, and under the imperfect 
proceedings of escheat touching the said tract of land, he hath a right 
to hold and enjoy the same as his absolute property, and whether sold 
or not, he shall take all lawful measures for recovering the same, hav- 
ing been advised by very able counsel, a copy of whose advice was on 
a former occasion shown to your Excellency, that he hath a sure and 
good title to the said tract of land, or that at all events ho is entitled to 
the monies that shall be produced from the sale of the same. On this 
account he bath been induced to make the present application, and he 
prays that the same may bo considered and deeded, and that the pro* 
prosed sale in May next may be suspended till the merits of the said 
injunction bill shall be tried and decided in Court, and till the tenants 
who have forfeited their rights shall be dispossessed. And as in duty 
bound, &c. 



To the Honorable George Wythe, Judge of the High Court of Chancery : Mar. 10th 

Humbly complaining your Orator, Charles Ewell, Alexander Compton, 
John Jackson, David Renoe, William Flagus, Bondveale Brown, Jere- 
miah Ballenger, Alexander Ross, William Milstead, Dudley Ballenger, 
Dudley Petty, Ezekiah Dunnington, Joseph Ballenger, Gustavus Scott, 
John Peyton Horton, Wm. Clinkscales, Margaret Foster, Catherine 
Davis, & Benjamin Posey, Tenants on the Bristow's track of land in 
Prince William County, Sheweth unto your Honor, that Robert Bristow, 
late of Great Britain, in or about the year 1745, being possessed of a 
tract of unleased land in the county of Prince William containing about 
seven thousand acres, was desirous to settle tenants on said tract, and 
accordingly his Agent, Cole Henry Willis, caused advertisements to be 
distributed and set up in different parts of the county inviting people to 
settle on said land which had been previously laid off into lots contain- 
ing from One hundred to one hundred & fifty acres each according to 
the quality of the land, and promising all those who should settle on 
bis lands Leases for three lives or ninety-nine years for the lots they 
should respectfully settle on, at the rent of Five hundred and thirty 
pounds of transfer Tobacco, a lot, which advertisement were continued 
to be distributed and set up by Colo. Richard Blackburn, who succeeded 
the aforesaid Colo. Henry Willis as Agent for the said Robert Bris- 
tow, and was never contradicted or countermanded by any of the sub- 
sequent Agents of the said Bristow, but was on the contrary acknowl- 
edged by them to be valid and binding on said Bristow, and continued 
to encourage tenants to settle on said land on the terms mentioned in 
said advertisements untill all the lots were settled and Improved. That 
yoor orators have separately purchased from the first settlers on said 
lots or those claiming under them for valuable considerations, the lots 
on said tract of which they are now respectively possessed, and were 
induced and encouraged to make such purchases from the repeated 
declarations and assurances of the Agents of Bristow before the said 
land was confiscated, and of the Commissioners of the Commonwealth 
since the confiscation, that the rights of those from whom they purchased 
were good. That the said tract of land was confiscated in the year 1779 
but has remained unsold, and your orators have continued to hold and 
possess their respective lots, paying to the Commonwealth the rent of 
Five hundred and thirty pounds of transfer Tobacco, and always expected 
peaceably and quietly to hold and enjoy their respective lots according 
to the terms set forth in the before mentioned advertisements undisturbed 
by the Commonwealth, more especially as the right of some of the ten- 
ants who put in their claims to the General Court on the return of the 
inquisition against the said Robert Bristow to said Court were confirmed 
by said Court which rights were in all respects similar to the rights 



1794. claimed by your Orators. All which foregoing facts ate fully proved by 
Mar. lOtb the afSdavils hereto annexed. But now, so it is, may it please year 
honor, that by an act passed at the last session of the Assembly, the 
Governor and Council were directed to appoint a Commissioner to make 
sale of the said tract of land, and they have accordingly appointed 
Thomas Lee of Prince William County a Commissioner for that pur- 
pose, who has advertised a sale of said lands to be made on the first 
Monday in May next, and unless the just and equitable claims 
of your orators to leases for their respective lots on the terms & for the 
time Specified in the aforesaid advertisements are established previous 
to the sale, they will necessarily be exposed to tedious and expensive 
law suits with the purchasers of said lands. In tender consideration 
whereof, and for as much as your Orators are remedyless by the strict 
rules of common law, and are only releiveable in the Honorable Court 
which has power to hear and determine the equitable claims of citizens 
to confiscated property, May it please your honor to grant an injunction 
to be directed to the attorney for the Commonwealth & the aforesaid 
Thomas Lee to stay the sale of the lots of which your Orators are re- 
spectively possessed untill their claims can be heard and determined, 
and finally to make such decree or order therein as to your Orator shall 
seem Just, &c. 

(Marshall for the Compts ) 

Let injunctions issue to stay the sale, the plaintiffs giving security in 
the penalty of twenty pounds. Commissions are awarded to take the 
examinations of witnesses 8th of Feb'y, 1794. 



A Copy — Teste: 



Richmond Herewith yon will receive the list of Inquisitions of escheat required 
of me by the order made in Council on the 17th January last, and my ' 
acc*t against the Commonwealth for the service, w'ch has been per- 
formed as early as possible, after the suspension of business, which an- j 
avoidably took plaoe upon the breaking out of the small-pox, was j 
removed. ! 

I have the honor to be, &c. 


AuGUSTiNB Davis to the Governor. 1794. 

Informing him that 400 extra copies ot the Revised Code ordered by Mar. 15th 
last Assembly are ready. 

Asking the No. of copies of Code desired; also the number of militia 
laws and the number of the Act for regulating the militia, and the Act 
to provide for the National defence. 

Asking for payment for arrears to enable him to prosecute the public 

Sam. Coleman to Hon. Jambs Wood, Esq. Mar. I5th 

Council OflSce, January 11th, 1794. 

For your information respecting the number of copies of the Act of 
Congress, "more effectually to provide for the National defence by estab- 
lishing a uniform militia throughout the United States/' also of the Act 
of the General Assembly, "for regulating the militia of this Common- 
wealth," required by the Act last mentioned, for the use of the officers 
of the militia, I do myself the honor to lay before you the following 
statement, viz: 

For the Major-Generals, ------ 4 

For the Brigadier-Generals, - - - - 17 

For the Lieutenant-Colonel Commandants, - -91 

For the Majors, -...--- 182 

For the Brigade Inspectors, - - - 17 

For Captains of Artillery. ------ 17 

For Captains of Cavalry, ------ 17 

For Captains in Battalions, - ... - 1,092 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Wm. J. Vereker to the Governor. Mar. I5th 

Sheweth that an order to the Auditor to have prepared copies of muster 
k pay rolls & Bation abstracts of vol. militia & scouts for frontiers for 
transmission to the Secretary's Office of the XT. S. with expedition, 
required much extra labor & loss of rest, by which his health was seriously 

On this account he asks further consideration of his claim for addi- 
tional compensation. 



Mar. 15th 

Mar. 18th 

Muster Roll of a detach men t of Capt. Cornelius Bogard's Company of 
rangei*8 or voluntier militia Commanded by Lieutenant William Wells, 
ordered into service by the Executive of Virginia, for the defence ol 
the Senatorial district of Monongalia, commencement of service. 15th 
of March, 1794: 

Name, William Wells; Rank, Lieut.; Time of enlistment, Mar. 15, 
1794. Name, Jos. Ross; Rank, Serg't; Time of enlistment, Mar. 15, 
1794 ; and others. 

Chas. Leb to the Governor. 

Alexandria Recommends Alexander Smith for appointment as Flour Inspector 
for Alexandria. 

Mar. 18th 



Daniel Carroll Brent to the Governor. 

Communicating the facts of a murder cbmmitted in Stafford by one 
Powell on one Mountjoy. Powell escaped to Maryland. Reasons why 
attempts to capture him were not earlier made. Powell seen in Balti- 
more; supposed to live in Calvert Co. Description of Powell. Sug- 
gesting a demand on the Governor of Maryland for Powell's surrender. 

Mar. 18th 

Deposition op Richard Morton before Daniel C. Brent. 

Sets forth that while in bed he overheard a quarrel between Mount- 
joy & Powell & Dillon, terminating in a tight between Powell & Mount- 
joy, in which Powell put out the eyes of Mountjoy, causing his death. 

Mar. 19th 

Tho. Newton, Jr., to Jno. Hamilton, Esq., British Consul, 

I received 3'ourd of this date relating to Mr. Cooper's ship; that she 
is armed I have no doubt of, but conceive that she does not come under any 
instructions I have received from the Governor. It Is a well known fact 
that that ship is loaded and bound to Spain, & that we have the worst 
of enemies to contend with in that country (the Algerines), and 
although we are neutrals in the present war between Great Britain and 
France, yet I think we have a right to arm against those who are at 
war with us without contravening our neutrality. These are my own 
ideas, but as the ship is out of my jurisdiction, I can do nothing further 
than transmit your letter to the Gov'r for his advice and construction 

I am respectfully your obe. serv't. 


The following is the letter above referred to as enclosed to the Gov- 1794. 
emor for his construction : Mar. 19th 

Information has been given me that the Chickamaugue, otherwise the Norfolk. 
Isaac, which cleared out and sailed from hence without having any guns British Con- 
on board, is now in Hampton Roads, and has mounted eight Guns. Con- ^" ^ ^ ^® 
ceiving that this equipment is a contravention of the regulation adopted 
by the President, I have to request that you will inquire into the intel- 
ligence I now communicate, and should the circumstance I represent 
be deemed an infraction of the rules I refer to, that you will take the 
necessary steps to prevent the sailing of the above mentioned vessel. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 
Col. Newton, &c., &c. 

H. Knox, Secretary op War, to the Governor. Mar. I9th 

Your favors of the 3 and 6 instant have been received. As the bill War 
for the fortification of the po^ts has passed, immediate measures will be I^^pa^tment 
taken for mounting such heavy cannon as may be at Norfolk, and which 
are of sufficient goodness. Some person as an engineer will also be sent 
for the purpose of deciding upon the spots where the batteries ought to 
be erected. The interruptions and injuries to our trade in the West 
Indies are of the highest nature and now engage the most serious atten- 
tion of Congress. What shape the business will assume is not decided, 
but all classes seem to think that every preparation for war ought to be 
made in order to speak in a dignified tone to the offending power, suit- 
able to the occasion. The demands relative to the Armourers was un- 
known to me until you mentioned them. Every just arrangement is 
made for furnishing the Master Armourer with, money. His being off 
the post road has occasioned some derangement which will not probably 
occur again. Contingent claims, such as was incurred at Norfolk, will 
sometimes arise, and no remedy being at hand, payments may be 
delayed, but this is not the case to my knowledge for any regular au- 
thorized expences, afler such are adjusted by the accounting officers. I 
have given instructions to the accountant to adjust with all possible dis- 
patch the accounts brought by Major Pryor. As soon as the balance 
shall be ascertained for which the United States are responsible, applica- 
tion will be made for the same to the Treasury. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

William Lowther to the Governor. Mar. I9th 

Agreeably to your orders, the rangers are enlisted in this county, and Clarksburg 
have been mustered by Colo. Jackson, and in the other counties, I know 

-Ji LlJlS3FI}tJtJL Iff ¥^LkJIK glkJffHy, 

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Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 1794. 

I now inclose you the proceedings relative to the Sloop Diligent, Capt. Mar. 20th 
Cunningham, taken at first by a French privateer & carried into Gauda- Norfolk 
lupe, where they took out a box of silver plate belonging to Miss Tucker 
& me, & seven barrels of sugar belonging to my Daughter Martha. The 
sugar they disposed of & the plate they detained for proof. Mr. Oster, 
the Consul, has wrote the Gov'r of the Island & sent him a certificate of 
its being American citizens property, what effect it may have, time 
will discover, but I have every reason to think that they will not 
deliver as I have heard that the crew of the privateer insisted on a con- 
demnation alt ho. the vessel & effects were altogether American property, 
the same vessel was afler taken by a Brittish privateer & condemned 
for having French Sugar on board which she took in at Gaudalupe. I 
f>hall be obliged if you'd forward the inclosed papers to the President 
that we may get redress. I also enclose you a letter I have rec'd from 
Mr. Hamilton, as a Brittish Consul, with my answer to him. We think 
our preparations for defence move slowly on. The French fleet are on 
the Eve of departing and as I have heard will not let the Doedalus go 
out. I mentioned to you sometime ago that some of the large guns 
were spiked during the war, they must be cleared, & wou*d it not be 
right to have it done, as I suppose they will be taken into the Conti- 
nental service & paid for. It would be forwarding the business at least a 

I am, &c. 

Thos. Madison to the Governor. Mar. 20th 

Recommends Joseph Kent for appointment as Pay master to troops 
under command of Capt. Lewis. 

Wm. Prbntis, Mayor op Petersburg, to the Governor. Mar. 20th 

The letter which I had the honor of receiving from you on the sub- Petersburg 
jecl of the restrictions on those whose business may call them to Peters- 
bar^, came to my hands on Monday last. The Common Hall of Peters- 
toarg Tery early took the business into consideration, but finding that 
the restrictions in their resources deprived them of the means by which 
tbej coald comply with the wishes of the inhabitants in paying Jurors, 
&c^ they were under the necessity ot declining the adoption of those 
preemations which appeared necessary and proper. 

In consequence of which the people of Petersburg being under feartul 
•l^refaenfiionfl, from their exposed situation, of experiencing the dread- 


17d4. ful disease that has visited their fellow cittzeDS of Richmond, have chear- 
Mar. 20th fully embraced every means within their power to guard against its be- 
ing introduced here, and the better to effect this desirable object, they 
appointed a few of their fellow citizens a Committee to attend to the 
Business, which Committee have been authorized by the Common Hall 
to use all legal measures in fulfilling the object of their appointment, 
and sure I am that if any unreasonable and injurious restrictions have 
been adopted by this Committee they have arisen more from a wish of 
preserving the health and lives of their neighbours than from any incli- 
nation of abusing that confidence which is reposed in them. 

Immediately on the receipt of your letter, I waited on the Committee 
to know if there was just cause for the complaints which have been 
made to you, I was informed by the Committee that they knew of none, 
unless it was the case of Mr. Fenwick, and in this instance the acting 
members of the Committee for that Day have lodged with me papers In 
justification ot their conduct. But as you have not informed me of the 
persons who made complaint I have though £ it unnecessary to forward 
these papers to you. 

The enclosed publication of the Committee, will, I flatter myself, con- 
vince you that the restrictions are not injurious to those who may be 
dis|>osed lo accommodate or satisfy a community that are so much in- 
terested in the event. If, however, it should not meet your approbation 
I shall be happy to hear again from you on the subject. 

I am with Respect, 

Your ob't Serv't. 

To the Public: 

The Committees for the Town of Petersburg are happy 
to assure the public that the precautions heretofore used have been effectual 
to prevent the introduction of the Small-pox into the Town, and they pledge 
themselves that the earliest information shall be given should it unfor- 
tunately make its appearance among us. They regret the necessity ot 
being extremely rigid as to the terms on which those gentlemen may be 
admitted, who are now, or hereafter may be at infected places, but when 
it is considered that the happiness and existence of vast numbers of 
people essentially depend on the town's being free from this fatal dis- 
ease, they rest assured that all the friends to humanity will chearfully 
acquiesce in any measures which may be adopted for the safety of the 
Inhabitants, and for the information of Gentlemen who may now be ab- 
sent from Town, the^' take this method of communicating to the public 
that no person suspected of having come immediately from any place 
infected with the Small-pox will be admitted without previously taking 
an oath either that he hath not been where the disease prevails, or (if 
he bath been at such place) that be hath taken the necessary precaution 
of changing his clothes at some uninfected place. 

Petei-sburg, March 13, 1794. 



Wm. Clendinbn, Capt. V. C, to John Stuart and Thos. Edgar, 


Gentlemen : 

I am informed that you have on hand a quantity of pow- 
der and Lead, And as there is no provision made to supply the Troops 
with ammunition that are allowed for the defence of Greenbrier and 
Kanawha, I have got George Huggard to go forward to make applica- 
tion to you, or either of you, For two hundred weight of good Rifle 
Powder and four hundred weight of Lead. The price Hitherto allowed 
for powder by the public is three shillings and for Lead one shilling. If 
yoa will agree to furnish the aforesaid quantity I will make no other 
application. Your writing: to me by the bearer will confirm the contract, 
and you shall on the Delivery Receive my Receipt for the ammunition 
and an order on the public for the money. 

The bearer, Mr. Huggard, will let you Know the quantity I must be 
furnished with Immediately. 

I am. Gentlemen, with Respect, &c. 

M'rch 20, 1794. 

Rec'd an order from John Stuart for fifty pounds of the within pow- 
der on ace. Ludinton. 

This order Ludinton paid. 


Mar. 2l8t 

Edmund Harrison to the Governor. 

Enclosing Bond of Col. Goodwin as agent for collection of arrears of 
taxes in Brigade District, of which Dinwiddle is part. 

Mar. 2lBt 

Wm. McCleery to the Governor. 

I have been honored with the receipt of your letter pr. Capt. McCol- 
lock, requesting a return of the distribution of last year's ammunition 
and the quantity on hand, and can for the present only inform you that 
agreeably to Major Lowther's orders, it hath all been issued except 1^ 
quarter casks of powder; & about 250 flints, & 4 quarter casks of pow- 
der is this day to be issued to two detachments of the Rangers com- 
manded by Lieutenant Evans and Ensign Jenkins, who are about to 
march to their station on the Ohio River. The powder left in my hand 
is of no value to send to the Woods, and indeed unless proper attention 

is paid to the choice of good Rifle powder when you purchase^ money 





IT^r wftl tm 0(%ytsfui%% im4 tbe wrriee left u> mMet, I kare not a pound of 

M«f Xt4 Ufft^' f frooM fluUte joa out s recsni is IJarm. but am now engaged in 

ib«f ^ffiiiin#:«Mi (A fmr Omru^ %tA tWreiore mmA for tbe time being beg to 

Th^ A'ttmpfointment tbat batb bappeoed eoneeming tbe money for 
not only tb« misn'n paj, but abio for tbeir prorisions for last year, may, 
U'n p<iMible, retard oor defentiTe operations for tbe present, notwith- 
Nianding tbe Indians batb begon Hostilities, baring taken or Killed a 
man IsAt montb witbin 30 to 40 miles of Clarksborg. Be so oblidging 
an to write to mo tbe reason of tbe detention of tbe money by the stage 
to Alexandria, addressed to tbe care of Mr. Josepb Tidball, Merch't, in 
WInobester, from wbenee I sball safely get it. 

I bave, &c. 

Msr. aad AuoiiHTiNB Davis to Arch'd Blair, Esq. 

liiohinuiid He pleased to lay the enclosed account before the Honorable Board at 
their next meeting, which you informed me would be to-morrow, 

and oblidge, sir, y'r ob't serv't. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Augustine Davis, Dr. 

To printing fbur hundred copies of the Bevised Code of laws tbat 
were not printed in 1792, making 30 sheets, @ 20 dollars per sheet, 


ITM. Wn>h 20tb. 

I^ar, i»a ^^^^- P« Mathbws to the Govxksor. 

Xgflblk 'P^^ enclosed letter from CoL Hamilton, Brittisb Consul at this place, 
t reiviveU yetjLterds^. 1 inlormed Cot. Hamilton tbat as an oflleer of the 

niihtia t bad received no orders respecting the ^ bat would cem- 

municate it to your Excellency for instructions. There seems co ntt to 
be DO intention in the party complained ot to Tiolate tbe neotrafilj 
pointed out by tbe President. Tbe vessel is intended for Btlbos* asd 
tbe owners, are desirouii of arming her tor protection against the Algcr- 
ines. '(bia appears, to me tVom tbe regulations I have aeen to be war- 
ranted by tbe President's insiruetioss^ 

1 am«<te. 



iDfonnation has been given me that the Chickamaugus which 1794. 
cleared out and sailed from hence without having any guns on board, is Mar. 23d 
now in Hampton Road, and has mounted Eight Guns. Conceiving that 
this equipment is a contravention of the regulation adopted by the 
President, 1 have to request that you will inquire into the intelligence I 
now communicate, and should the circumstance I represent be deemed 
an infraction of the rules I refer to, that you will take the necessary 
steps to prevent the sailing of the above mentioned vessel. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obed. humble serv't, 

British Consul's office, Norfolk, Virginia, 18th March, 1794. 
To Gren'l Thomas Mathews, &c. 

Robert Taylor, Mayor of Norfolk, to the Governor. Mar. 23d 

I take the liberty to enclose a copy of a letter from the Commander of the Norfolk 
Britisb ship Doedalus, and my reply, and to enclose a memorandum of 
& conversation with the Captains of the French ships in the presence of 
the French Consul, respecting that ship, and which occasioned the cor- 
r^poDdence with Sir Charles H. Knowles. It is also my duty to put 
under cover to yon a letter of the 18th March from the British Consul, 
r^pecting the ship Chickamaugue. 

I have, &c. 

.Doedalus, Norfolk Harbour, Virginia, 

March 19th, 1794. 


You did me the favour to mention a Requisition of the French Cap- 
t&io8 and which to the best of my recollection was that I would not re- 
move my ship from her present situation as they could not be responsi- 
ble for the condnct of their crews. I have not the smallest doubt of 
yonr veracity, Sir, or that of the French OflScers, but you will I hope 
forgive my soliciting, you will be pleased to acquaint mo in writing of 
the particulars, because oral information is liable to be misconstrued, 
sod your letter will exculpate me for not proceeding to sea immediately. 

I have, &ۥ 
To Robert Taytor, Esq. 

5^ »C-biLiEyDAJL 'O^- 4T!^]!3: gJLffffHff,. 

flSMl ftimRarr! Ti^mfltt;. ^bjsuo. m 5^iaaanii.. lyi ica. CHUtaaLaB- HjortT 

:iMhK JS^t C itiix^i* nhtt liimnr it v.nir Hnur iif -iiiH- auirmnu; bmsriotc I would 

inor <Otfluf«*^ 'itf aher H^c^ntiii ^hinth ITuri. J<i2in. HUr*; joif (Clicur&aiL in tlie 
[)itrt5iHnitit \f rdiii Wmm\iL <C'inmu. Xir. <Omkui II ?Htgiii!iG»t tt&ii:i$e gentle- 
mim j^\ ^iium ahiur gcn^iinHdiaH- «ia jjn^tic. iiiic ^riuuk ciiii^ t&wiiiiMd to do. 
HHit^r ;i;cniwHfi nhos mii;^ ?>»iQiiiiijd[il liiH otmcisuiir^ m tihis^ Coihiiefi States. 
:uift ^vmiiii: <b.y nnnhimr ^^nran<£; )r niiuc nitcim ^Hb ia;ggtwttt£ » ^ a riola- 
nii^a mS iiilH rmiurnTOiHiij. ^iis n znn icf^wnn -Hnnxusun ^if liut Fffv«eh fleet 
tintrt^ t«riiii»iL t«.&iuii iitgazni ji :l ii*^ v^j^ ^mnY itfimi lujii Umi tilkie I>oedm]iis 
[>itMi- rJu«iL :u QjflL^fiiiiL fi^itkt lOiL liut iCiigcjiiiL stf ihft T^ffv- oteerved 
tUkui Jtti ''nmiDsiJiiiiiur '^dLitur ic rui»i FcwuiiL ^mh tsimsue: ^h/t absence ol 
A<tiu:'cu. ^AJUHullijtt:. tilifikG htt ^ittlit 'fniimi&ur 3: iiiif &l1iJ t:» pirvireDt it. bot 
tihasR H t 'istr^ akt^'* w&*ui oIm FirtHuia Sbhi ^rjii> !i»3G c«ii£i~ dnr ma. that your 
itik£^' riiin:eikm iid(T<t: pfliu«H£ wtii&f?iin! untiain •??- obiikeiCiKSiisiiu a»J that at pre^ 
•tivti s&irf ibi^f«fj jvQifi v&qjii B»fi<i aoii&sisr j^Hiar i&Df • luair tikcusL as insoltB 
flfluui5lk.u Ibit ««K«wi ly tti* •nnfwi. -wrftitiil cibfTr -witji iii?« ibinwee or prevent 
Ja » t'ObfoMiKib^ tio* ff««tj£l]eiet «Nr«xrr •>diMinnfc2i5MB tL&ckS miK> HEMie or the pre- 
<tii»^ w/j^n&f nuMiii im a 4«ATi»»iai^o« olf iisiiM- lnHEecu^ &«etiw<iHi three or four 
^■^^rMAMu b«(t wlfiftii I haT* iM'W wntSiMt a«w I am ^c^fftaoiL. im «iil}«tance, the 
wiUoiik- tUktat kSokS pobs^ wrhk-h. witih tW kiBn>*w&e«i[:0e' aorii conMot <^ thoee 
^yeAitiietKeai I iBOM^Ea&rij B^Miie kiiO'Wii tty ji-xbl aari aEow me to observe 
tliat ift thM- attd ercnir other tiaikSMtaKM 'oi a pahilQck aatnre I have been 
jpn^^trBi^d br BIT ieik«e of nt^ beiibjc aj JnEty to obserre ao exact neotral- 
ft J, tkxA Ui prenerve the peace and onier •>f the town and the ease and 
traf^iuilitv ^A \l» inhabitantiS^ Permit me. Scr. to pot jroa in miod of 
jfmr pnoroBMr that too woold not leare thb Port till alter the French 
V\*st\ ha#l sailed, and that it is oar idea ol neatralitT that a ship should not 
M\f^w an Enemy's in \ess^ than twenty-toor boors after she has left a 
neatral port. 

I hare the honor to be. &c. 


On Sunday Evening the 16th inst., the French Consol, Mr. Oster^ 
accompanied by the Captains of the French ships Tigre and Jean Bart, 
called at my House, when the Captain of the Tigre and the consul, both 
of whom Hpeak English, informed me that the Frigate Doedalus, Sir 
Charles Knowles, appeared to be ready for sea, and that they had heard 
it wa« about to leave this port for that purpose. The Captain of the 
Tigre observed that he wished to do nothing wrong, but to pay every 


attentron to the neutrality of the country, but as Commander of the 1794. 
French fleet in the absence of Admiral Yanstible, he would not be Jus- Mar. 23d 
tified in permitting the Doedalus to pass him in Hampton Roads, and that 
he should prevent it, and which he wished Sir Charles Knowles to know 
for that although fourteen days ago he might have passed and went to sea 
without molestation, yet at present, when the French fleet would sail in 
a few days, he thought he should not act right to permit it. From 
these Gentlemen mentioning it to me, I understood it to be their inten- 
tion that I should make this conversation known, which I promised 
them to do that evening to the British Consul, and that as I expected 
them at Breakfast in the morning, I would inform them of the result. 
Col. Hamilton, the Brittish Consul assured me that Sir Charles Knowles 
had no intention to leave the country at present, but his situation here 
being disagreeable, he meant to go down as low as Craney Island, but ' 
that he would pawn his honor that Sir Charles Knowles should not 
leave the country in less than twenty four hours after the French fleet, 
or that if he was allowed to depart first the French Commander must 
also promise not to follow him in less than twenty-four hours; that the 
French commanding ofScer might take his choice of the two propo- 
sitions. Late that night I received a letter from the British Consul, 
which is annexed, requesting me to put the conversation between the 
Captains of the French ships, the consul and myself to writing. This 
I declined to do, as I had written to the French Consul requesting he 
would do so, who with the Captains of the Tigre, Jean Bart, and Char- 
ant called on me the next morning. I related what had passed between 
me and Col. Hamilton, as the Captain of the Doedalus was not on shore, 
and his wish for them to reduce our conversation to writing, which 
they refused to do, but et the same time repeating that they respected 
the neutrality of the Port, and would do nothing against it, and there- 
fore wished the Doedalus would not attempt to pass them in Hampton 
Roads, as it was their duty to prevent it, or anchor near them, as in this 
last case, insults might happen which they could not guard against nor 
prevent. I again promised to make this known to Sir Charles Knowles 
or the Brittish Consul, and which I did immediately to the former Gen- 
tleman in the street, and who requested if I met with the commanding 
officer of the French Ships to inform him that he had no intention 
ot passing them in Hampton Roads, at the same time observing that as 
liis ship gave umbrage, and he was himself subject to insult, that he 
might perhaps move his ship from before the town to Craney Island. 

Uy avocations during the day or my supposing what had passed in 
the morning sufficient occasioned me to neglect to inform the Captains 
<^ the French ships of the conversation between Sir Charles Knowles 
Aod myself. I was called on in the evening by Mr. Moses Myers the 
French Agent here, and told that the Captains still in town were uneasy 
M they heard that the Doedalus meant to pass them. To Mr. Myers I 
related what bad passed on the subject and my reliance that it need not 




be ttpprabfaiflad. bot tbat 1 supfi Ma d tbat sbe n— id ifBthmfB ^ n 
GnuM)v iiibuid w be ooi ot uh* war of tbe ^«^en. JBe «b « nr wi tfait bi 
i«iin9(i mux AtMsmpt u» mopt* uk* sbn* would be ocwniiinwid -with «n iniaB- 
tiun l4> irv u» g«i u» floa. and oopod ii wonid oot be JE tt o if ited. and v»- 
qtaxUiad iUat I wonid it fMnbH* invFom aboaki jhit oonioMon oa- 

U^ the town. 

ii8 ttmnqoiittv, I 

tbat tbeDoedalM 

te oaUed on reap&aang 

iiue, it miftht Ih* auonfled witti vw\ mBnams< 
Ab tnv wiiok' wifth lu ibis bmiBaas bas be«i to 
aicaiit wailod on tktv Briuiab Ooaaa;. -vrbo 
bad u(> ioientioii now of renioriii!: traan ber 

1 Melt Ui<MH' ctrounuttaiioo^ t4> paper iaaai ju 
tb«v mav bavv oetaaiod m\ aMBBorr I a 

it iH poiMiibk* tbat I mar bavt* ommod mil, of tbe oonrronatioos. mui 
tbat i bavv not expremod crerv obaerrmuou in tbe fireeiae words oaod, 
but 1 ani toolid«Dt tbat ibt* jUKuve m> in ^abatanoe tbe wboie tbat 
paaatid in my Seperau- mt g rv i eiptswitfa tbe OsptaiBsot tiie French ahq», 
Mr. 0«U^. Col. Hamiiuffi k Bti- Cbmx^ £. iLBoarte, wp ec ti og tbe de- 
tonlion of Qmv iHtofk^kmti. 

Norfolk. March 19tL. 1794 


Mar. Ski 


] bav^' received «<omt' time since your Bzeeltoncyf^ lettor enclosing 
my c*oiiimiM«ioti ah A(reut ui tbk^ DiBtrict. and a eopr of the biws wbi^ 
declare my dnliee. I have waited ibr ^iomethiug furtbeEr, as at proMBl 
J have uv knowledge o! the delinquenu^ nor ol tbe sums doe. T\m bh 
ibroiatioii probably ib afforded thro* the medium of tbe Anditar, but ai 
I ttuppoBe he act^ in thi€i matter, nndor direotions &om the BxcKumve^ I 
have thought it neoeflBary to inform Ton that I have as yot reoeiTed 
nothing more than J have mentioned above. 

I have the honor u» he. A".. 

Mar. 24tb 


Haul Coleman to the Hok, Gkk\ Wo<:»p. 

Tbe a«Qendatof7 nulitia law ba« created 19 additionai Begnmeni^ vIl. 
U^ oaeb of tbe CaQntie» of Sb«iandoab, 97, Faoqnier S^ Accomack 97, 
Amhi>nil ^, Norfolk, 16. Haii^LX Sk, Pittsylvania Hil. IMawtddie S3, 
Mj^^U^lHir^ 98, Bedford 91, Albemarle 8S. Bronswic^ 96, Montgomery 
^, Wytbe lOM. Friw» William k Hanover 93. 

Tb« (oUowiog oonntiea, wbieb foraerij ooi J oompoaed a Battalion, 
AOir eo»ppaa • reciaioat eaeb: Kinir WiUiaa A Kin^ k Qooeo 87, Nor- 


tfmmberimnd & Lancaster 92, Eossell & Lee 94. Be pleased, Sir, to sag- 1794. 
gaat to the Board the propriety of ascertaiDing which of these counties Mar. 24tb 
raspeciively shall retain the number of the Regiment which they for- 
merly both composed. They will then be enabled by lot to ascertain 
die respective numbers of the 19 additional Regiments, beginning with 


I have the honor, &c. 

The Battalion having the greatest No. of militia is to return the No. 
of the Regiment. Any oflScers reappointed who ban been heretofore 
eommissioned in the old Regiments to take rank from the date of the 
former commissions, the 19 add'n'l Regiments to be numbered by lott 
ficom 83 to 101 inclusive. According to the above direction the coun- 
ties of King William, Lancaster & Lee must be included in the Lottery 
tor the numbers of the 19 additional Regiments, as the counties of 
King A Queen, Northumberland & Russell contain the greatest number 
of militia. 

Thos. Lee, Jr., to the Governor. Mar. 24th 

The letter you wrote me on the 18th ult. has been duly received. A Piark Gate 
day or two before a writ had been served on me to stay the sale of a 
eonaiderable proportion of the Bristoe land. This induced me to post- 
pone the sale of the whole until the determination of the suit, thinking 
it most advantageous for the Commonwealth. I have attended several 
days since to the taking of Depositions by the Tenants' Attorney. I 
have now to request a blank Dediraus and Subpoenas may be shortly 
sent up to me for the purpose of taking some depositions on behalf of 
the Commonwealth. So soon as these are taken I shall do myself the 
lumor of transmitting you as full a statement of the business, as I am 
capable of, for the information of the Attorney-General, and should it 
be thought necessary for me to attend for fbrther information to him on 
the day of trial I will do it. Several of the tenants informed me they 
have money to discharge their replevy bonds, but as their rents are in 
Tob*o, I have not thought myself authorised to receive anything else, 
it would facilitate the collection much if I was authorized to receive 
cash in lieu of the Tob'o at the current market price. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

John McCollock to the Governor. Mar. 24th 

This comes to inform you as near as I can, how matters is going on ohio county 
with me. I have only got a part of my company as yet, and find it 
hard to raise the men, for want of the last year's pay coming forwards; 


I7?H. ttnd M I CAnnot aasure the men who will be Lieatensni this year, u we 
War :Mch jihftll not no till I hear from you, and the PensilTanians is giTing six dot- 
iam an#i two-thirdH of a dollar a month to men for the same serrioe ind 
And them in GiinH or pay their men for the use ot their guns if thtj 
finfl themMolvoH, all make against our Recruiting. I have the spies out, 
hnt ihf.y have nr>t 8Con any frenh signs of Indians this Spring. I shall 
^>^ an attentive to my duty as I can, & do everything in my power i<3T 
th«s n%ftiiy oi the frontiers. I am bad off for want of ammanition for the 
ojift of my r;oni|mny, as T have but one quarter cask of powder, and bot 
^1 \fm. of load at present, and not one flint. I have seen Col. McClang 
n\uf'.4'. I r:arno from Richmond, and ho told me he had some powder hot 
rio Uiutl. Pleasf! to iiiHtruct mc how I am to get ammunition & Gqd 
flintA for the use of my company, & I hope you will inform me when w« 
may irxpoct our pay for last year if you can, as we have much need of 
it, f ho[H) that your Excellency will send the orden^ particularly 
r'imp4i4iiui^ my duty, but hope you will enable me to do something in the 
woods if in my power. Our Virginia Spies thinks it hard that they an 
not allowed Rations and ammunition, as all the Spies that is in the ser- 
vu'ji here beHidt^H thorn gets a Ration and half per day and a pound aod 
half of powder and throe pounds of Lead per month, and they desired 
me Up write to your Kxcolloncy about it, and hope that the ExecatiTe 
will allow them as much as any men that is in the same service. 

Ah I have not received a Commission for this year, & suppose the ooe 
I ha^l last year to be void, as it was for the year 1793 only, I have 
thought proper to mention it. I have nothing more at present, bot 
have the honor to subscribe myself, &c. 


War I am instructed to transmit to your Excellency the enclosed copy of ft 

iMf«rtrffent j^^ relatively to the fortifications of the ports and harbours therein 

And as a judicious choice of the places to be fortified and vigoroui 
prosecution of the works may be of great importance to the State of 
y'lrf^xtua, the President of the United States requests that your Excel- 
lency, as the commandant in chief of its militia would please to take upon 
you the general direction of the business. An Engineer will as soon ft» 
possible be appointed. Ho will be directed to prepare and submit plan* 
of the works to your consideration, and upon your approving thereof 
to have them put into a train of immediate execution; some suitable 
provision will also be soon made to obtain the necessary materials an' 

The number of men and cannon designed for Norfolk and Alexandril 
and also the amount of the expenses to be incurred at those places wil 


kereafter be transmitted. If the State of Virginia is in possession of 
soy good cannon of and above the calibre of eighteen pounds and 
which €0u1d be appropriated for the fortifications within the said State, 
H return of them is requested together with the condition of their car- 
riages and apparatus in order that necessary repairs be provided without 

I have the honor to be, &c. 


Mar. 24th 

H. Knox, Secretary of War to the Governor. 

Mar. 24th 

Colonel Parker has recommended Mr. Daniel Bedinger of Norfolk as War 
a proper person to have new carriages made for the cannon at that place. Department 

If you should be of opinion that Mr. Bedinger would be a proper per- 
•Ofi I pray you to cause the enclosed letter to bo given him placing his 
name thereon ; Tf not, that you would appoint some other more suitable 
person for the purpose. If you should not readily know of a proper 
person, it is probable that Colonel Carrington might recommend one to 
lyou. Whether the cannon are the property of Virginia or of the United 
I States, it is probable they may be for the present appropriated to the 
defence of Norfolk. One hundred 32 pounders are intended to be cast, 
a proportion of which may, if those at Norfolk are not of sufficient cali- 
bre, be transported to that place. 

Proper arrangements will also be made for the transportation of shot 
ftod ammunition for the cannon at Norfolk. Captain Hannah will be 
ordered to embark at Alexandria with his recruits, and proceed to Nor- 
Jbik aft soon as the Secretary of the Treasury shall make arrangements 
^vith some person at that place to furnish the necessary supplies of pro- 
visions, kc,y for the troops. 

The case of Alexandria is not considered so pressing as that of Nor- 
fclk, But cannon which are now at the Head of Elk will be transported 
to the former place as soon as the carriages shall be made for them. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Andrew Lewis to the Governor. 

Last Evening I returned from the Frontiers. On the Nineteenth of 
S^di>niary I left Fort Lee with thirty-seven men, and took the following 
^oot down Powell's Valley: passed Cumberland Gap, went some dis- 
tance on the Kentucky Trail; then down Cumberland River two days' 
^mreh, and struck the War road leading from the Cherokee Towns to 
%he Kentucky trace. I followed that half a day, then came to where 
mother road left that, which appeared to go to another part of the 

CeotQcky trace, nearer that settlement On searching those roads well, 


Mar. 26th 



1794. could make no disco very of Indians lately passing on it. I proceeded 
Mar. 25tb on the same road towards the Nation the Ballance of the Day. In the 
morning I left it, bore a west way down the clear Pork of Cumbe^ 
land, and that Evening I rafted the River near the month, and marched 
four days and a half a west course, and struck the war path above men- 
tioned. Being then much nearer the nation, the road of course wag 
much larger. I proceeded on that the distance of twelve miles, and fell 
on a River unknown to any person on our Frontiers; Left the road and 
went up that to the head, and struck Emery's River, which led us 
through Cumberland Mountain. From thence I marched on the South 
side of s'd mountain to the lower station in Lee County, & arrived there 
on the 10th of this inst.; & altho' all the pains and fatigue I had taken, 
on the 12th a company on their way in from Kentucky, about thirty-four 
miles from where I came to the settlement was fired on, and four men 
out of thirteen were killed, and one wounded. Had I have heard the 
news before I marched from the lower station, fatigued as we were, I 

should undoubtedly have repaired to the place of the , & am certain 

could have overtaken the Indians, but having ranged but one day in the 
settlement of PowelPs Valley to get provisions to carry us to Fort Lee, 
did not hear it untill the day I arrived at that Post, which was on the 
15th. In this town I made no discovery of any very late sign of In- 
dians. Saw a vast number of very large camps, but believe that few (^ 
them were visited by the Enemy since the latter part of the Fall, I, 
however, had the pleasure of di8(;overing the most Beautiful! countiy I 
ever saw lying between Emory's river and Poweirs; not only the finest 
soil I ever saw, but you may travel fifty miles without finding any rise. 
As to water, none can exceed it for good springs. I am for another rea- 
son well satisfied with making the tower, having made myself acquainted 
with every Gap and different passes that the enemy can pass through! 
either coming to, or returning from our frontiers. I am well convinced 
that the Indians can never be prevented from their mode of going to 
war in small parties against us until we are allowed horsemen as well ai 
foot, for when they come in and either does murder or steals hoiM^ :3 
they cross Cumberland mountain at or near the gap, through which thfti/ j 
Kentucky road goes, and pushes Imediately for either Emery's or thai- -1 
Hickory Gap, and then they are in this Level country, and it is impo»— . ] 
sible for foot men over to come up with them; but if a few horsemei* 
were always in readiness, & in case of mischief to send the foot on theifl^: 
trail, and the horse to rush on to the above Gap and wait their coming- 
a party could never escape, and a finer country for horse to act in neveiT! 
was seen. Knowing it to be to the advantage of our exposed fello 
citizens, I am induced to make the following proposal to your Excels 
lency to allow me to mount twenty-five or thirty men out of my 
pany. There is that number willing to furnish themselves with 
horses, if the sum of ten pounds is allowed each man to equip thi 
selves with swords, pistols, and forage. They should also have 


rifles, and always prepared to act either on horseback or on foot as 1794. 
might be judged best. If the swords and pistols could be furnished us Mar. 25th 
out of the public magazines to be returned at the end of the service, 
seven or eight p'ds per man would be sufficient. I do not propose this 
plan as an additional expenee to the provision already made for our 
Frontiers, but as a mode not only to lessen the Expenee, as well 
as a certainty of success, knowing that Lee County would be better 
guarded by twenty-five or thirty horsemen and fifleen foot, than 
with a full company of foot, and as none but ten or twelve of 
Captain Hawkinses Company is recruited, and them by Lieutenant 
McGavock who is marched out. As to Capt. Hawkins, I cannot hear of 
bim, nor can I leai*n of his making ready to take his post. I saw En- 
sign Campbell the other day, who informed me that he had taken the 
Deputy Surveyor's place in Lee county, and that he had not enlisted a 
man, nor did he think he would serve the present year in the defence of 
the Frontiers. I told him he ought I mediately to come to a determina- 
tion, and if he did not soon make your Excellency acquainted with his 
resignation, that another person might be appointed and they troops 
raised. At present they company immediately under my command are 
scattered at the distance of one hundred fifty miles, and of course can 
act only on the defensive. Now, Sir, was Captain Hawkins' company 
to consist of two commissioned officers and forty privates, and part of 
the money that it would take was they company * * * applied as 
I have requested. I would even venture to be put to the torture if the 
Enemy visited our county. If I did not produce to the Executive both 
scalps and prisoners before the season is out. If this scheme is approved 
of I will in a short time after I receive your answer, have them re- 
viewed well equipped. An order would be necessary for they arms. I 
saw Capt. Crockett on Saturday last. His company was mustered, and 
wanted but twelve men to be compleat. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. Capt. Hawkins does not serve. I think Lt. BfcGavock who ever 
his been attentive to his Duty, is entitled to the command of the Troops 
sllowed to that Company, & if a vacancy of Ensign for that company 
should happen, you will pardon my recommending Mr. James Bryant, 
of Hontgomery county, & will engage his quota to be soon complete. 

I am, &c. 


Embargo on Ships and Vessels. Mar. 26th 

In Congress, March 26th, 1794. 

JBesolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
Hates of America in Congress assembled, That an Embargo be laid on 


1794. all ships and Tessels in the Ports of the United States, whether already 
Mar. 26th cleared oat or not, boand to any Foreign Port or place, for the term of 
thirty days; and that no clearances be furnished daring that time to 
any ship or vessel boand to any sach foreign port or place, except Ships 
or Vessels ander the immediate directions of the President of the 
United States; and that the President of the United States be authorized 
to giye Boch instructions to the Revenue officers of the United States 
as shall appear best adapted lor carrying the said Resolution into full 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Vice-President of the United States, and President of the Senate. 

Approved March the twenty-sixth^ 1794. 


President of the United States. 

By direction of the President of the United States, all armed vessels 
possessing public commissions from any foreign power (letters of Marqae 
excepted) are considered as not liable to the Embargo. 


Hanover Agreeable to a letter I have lately received from you, directed to 

the Escheator of Hanover, I transmit the enclosed papers, & 

Am very Respectfully, 4;c. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

In account with Barhelot Anderson, Escheator, Dr. 

Feb'y 9. To cash paid Messrs. Dixon & Nicholson, 

printers, for advert'g sale of Brittish 
property in Hanover, 54 Dollars, 16 4 

To cash paid Messrs. Clarkson & Davis, 
printers, for the same services, 70 Dolls., 21 

March 13th. To cash paid John Hundley, for going for 

& bringing 3 Negr's, Sarah, Barbary & 
Milley, to the place of sale about 8 miles, 
bel'g to Donald. Scott & Co., 5 

To cash paid John Hundley, for one day's 

crying the s'd Estates, 50 Dollars, 15 


-ch 13th. To the Escheator, his commissions, 3 pr. ct., 
for 1 Thousand on each Estate sold, & li 
pr. ct. for the remainder, agreeable to 
Act of Assembly, 

To John Lawrence, comm'ns 2 days' at- 
tend'g the sales, 

To Ambrose Lipscomb, 1 Day, 



Mar. 27th 

760 19 



£878 3 

46,702 17 



rch 10th. By Thomas Smith, for the sale of 1 unim- 
proved Lott in Hanover Town belonging 
to James Esten, a Brittish subject, & Es- 
cheated to the Commonwealth of Virginia, 200 

By James Marsdon, for the sale of the i part 
of 4 animproved Lotts in Hanover Town 
belonging to John Johnson, John Smith 
& George Thamas, the s'd Johnson being 
a Brittish subject, & Escheated to the 
Commonwealth, 240 

By George Pottie, for the sale of the i part 
of 1 Lott & Houses in Hanover Town, 
belonging to Alex'r McAuley, himself, & 
Geo. Brackenridge, the latter having 2 
parts, the s'd McAuley being a Brittish 
subject, & Escheated to the Common- 
wealth, 710 

By Mr. De Francais, for the sale of 2 Lotts 
& Houses in Hanover Town, belonging 
to Donald, Scott & Co., Brittish subjects, 
& Escheated to the Commonwealth (Mr. 
John Howard a partner), 10,000 

By Crutchfield, for the sale 2 Dittoes, 

same as cash, 4,550 

By Mordecai Adams, for 1 Black walnut 
Desk, belong'g to the same comp'y, 260 

By Thomas Smith, 1 negro man named 
Abram, belonging to the same company, 6,011 

By Thomas Tinsley, for 1 Negroe man 
named Simon belong'g to the same 
comp'y, 3,015 

By John Jones, for 1 negroe Girl named 

Barbary bel'g to the same comp'y, 3,455 


1794. March 10th. By Jas. Marsdon, for 1 negroe woman , 

Mar. 27th & girl, Milley, bePg to same comp'y, 4,910 

By Mr. Defrancey, for 1 Lott of Hoaaes in 

Hanover Town bePg to Archibald Govan, 

a Brittish subject, & Escheated to the 

Commonwealth, 2,000 

By Thos. Smith, for 1 Negro fellow called 

Urban na Dick, bePg to Arc'd Govan, 3,030 

By Ditto, for Ditto, named Boston, bePg to 

Ditto, 4,505 

By John Cock, for 1 Negroe man named 

Jamie, bel'g to Do., 2,000 

By John Ingram, for 1 Negroe man called 

Damascus Dick, bel'g to Ditto, 2,310 

By Wm. Anderson, for 1 Flatt, bel'g to 

Ditto, 325 

By Wm. Clopton, for 1 old Do., a ground 

bel'g to Do, 60 

Hanover — S'c : 

We, the subscribers, appointed Commissioners to Super- 
intend the sales of the Brittish property in Hanover county, do hereby 
certifie to the Auditor of public accounts according to act of Assembly 
that this account is Just & right. 

Given under our hands this 14th day of March, 1780. 


Auditor's Office,. 25th March, 1780. 

Received of Barhelot Anderson, Escheator for Hanover, the Treasa- 
rer's Receipt for forty-six thousand seven hundred and two poundi, 
seventeen shillings, being in full for Brittish property sold by s'd Bs- 
cheator, & from which he is hereby discharged. 


£46,702 17. 

The Foregoing account & receipt is a true copy taken froit^ 
the originals in my possession this 27th March, 1794. 

Escheator Han'er County. 


H. Knox, Secbetary op War, to the Governor. 1794. 

The Bearer, Major Bivardi, is the Gentleman whom the President of Mar. 28th 
the United States has appointed for the purpose of fortifying Balti- War 
more, Alexandria and Norfolk. The circumstances of the latter Port ^^Pa^^ent 
being considered as the most pressing, the Engineer will at present 
make but a short stay at Baltimore or Alexandria. He is directed to 
faroisb your Excellency with a copy of his instructions. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Wm. Lindsby, Collector, to the Governor. Mar. 29th 

Complaint has heen lodged with me hy the Brittish Consul, that a Norfolk 

Ship called the Chickamauga, built in the United States and recorded Collector's 

in this office, is now armed & ready for Sea. There is also a Brig called office 

the Sally, belonging to George Lynham of this place armed. Both of 

those vessels are loaded with Flour, & have cleared for Spain. A vessel 

is now building in Portsmouth & has every appearance of an armed 


I am. Sir, &c. 

R. West to the Governor. Mar. sist 

Will you Excuse me for the trouble I give you in a Business with W. Grove 
which you have no interest? I am investigating Bennets Right to hold 
property in this county. It will require abilities transcendant to any I 
poflsess to do the Commonwealth justice. I therefor beg if it is com- 
patible with your station and the propriety of the case that you would 
•ttign me council for the purpose of doing the business effectually. 
Monday next is the day of trial & the Friday following in Loudoun. 

I wrote you some time ago upon the subject but rec'd no ans'r. 

Yours, alwas, &c. 

Wm. Da vies to the Governor. Mar. sist 

I have this day received by Express sundry executions directed Broadway 
t^nst Delinquent Sheriffis. Two of the Executions are directed to 
lir. Holliman, late Sheriff of Southampton, who is now deceased; some 
difficalty will probably arise on that score. I will make enquiry for 
0ome person in the county of Isle of Wight to act as Collector. At pre- 
leDt I am not sufficiently informed. 

I have the honor to be, ftc. 


1794. R. QuABLBs TO Jambs Wood, Libutbnant-Govbbnob. 

Mar. 3]8t Inclos'd you will find the customary Quarterly Returns with the pay 

Rolls for the different under my direction in the service of the 

State. Tou will observe I have taken the liberty to augment the 
salary's of several of my workmen. In doing which I was actuated by 
the two following reasons: to reward their merit, ft to keep them in my 
service. The wages given at New London by the Continental Superin- 
tendant being nearly three times as high as my workmen receive, made 
it necessary to make some small addition to their wages & to use some 
address to retain them in the State services. This I have done & trast 
it will meet with the approbation of the board. The contract entered 
into with Mr. Taylor respecting the musket mountings as directed by 
the Board, obliges him to deduct in my settlement with him the Debt 
due from him to the Commonwealth, but as he wishes at this time to 
receive a part of the money due for this quarter in order to forward his 
business, be proposes paying only half the debt at present, ft solicits in- 
dulgence for the Balance until the end of that Quarter. 

I have proceeded to take the advice of a mill Wright respecting the 
erection of a Bayonett mill at the Post his opinion is that the Stream d 
water is insufficient for the purpose. In consequence of this I have con- 
ferred with Mr. Ross & am induced to believe I can establish a machine 
for the above purpose at his mill (which will answer the Temporary 
purpose of Grinding the Bayonets now on hand), on better terms than 
at the Barracks. The Board will favor me with their instructions on 
the subject, & particularly oblige their ob*t serv't. 

April i8t cfAMEs McCraw appointed Escheator. 

Halifax ^^ ^ Court held for Halifax County 19th day of August, 1779: 

^^^ ^ Jas. McCraw commissioned as Escheator in Halifax with Walter 

Coles, Isaac Coles, and Paul Carrington as securities. 
Same continued as same April 1, 1794. 


As usual I have examined the quarterly return from the Point oi 
Fork up to the Slst of March, 1794, and find the balance of the Pay 
Roll for the Superintendent, Artificers, and Guards to be one hundred 
and seventy-seven pounds, five shillings, and ten pence half penny. 

The Superintendent exhibits a half yearly statement of the expense 
of Cloathing to the Guard, amounting to £39. 0. 0. 



A statement of Expense incurred for making 1,000 Cartridge Boxes, 
Forty-eight musket stocks, and 300 set of Brass mounting, makes the 
same amount to £376. 

The account of the contractor for furnishing the Post with Provisions 
for the last quarter, amounts to £79. 8. 6, of which the Superintendent 
has advanced £25. 6. 5}, leaving a hailance of £54. 2. 0}. due to the con- 

The account current between the Commonwealth and the Superin- 
tendent makes a balance due him of £30. 5. 6i. Such items of this 
account as are supported by vouchers are marked, and the same to- 
gether with the vouchers, the contractor's account, return of Cloathing, 
quarterly return of arms, and pay rolls, are herewith submitted. 

I have the honor to be, sir, &c. 


April 1st 

R. QuARLBs TO Captain Samuel Coleman, Clerk of Council. April 2d 

The bearer, Capt. John Tinsley, is one of the unfortunate number who 
has experienced inconvenience from the non-payment of the last Quarter's 
Wages due to the people in my employ. He has just returned from 
Philadelphia, and has there made a contract with an officer of the Fed- 
eral Government similar to that made with me in the line of Cartridge 
Boxes. His business I believe to Richmond is to obtain materials for 
the fulfillment of his contract, which he cannot do without the assist- 
ance of the Treasurer. The warrant I received when at tlichmond is 
still in my possession, nor shall I attempt or expect to receive any 
money on it until I again visit Richmond. 

It will therefore be nothing more than justice to pay Capt. Tinsley 
something for his services. The amount of his ape. is one Thousand 
dollars. He tells me that 2 or 300 would now answer his purposes, 
which if paid him I will credit on the warrant in my hands. 

You will favor me by letting the Executive know the contents of this 
letter, and you will oblige me by making particular enquiry of the 
SzecQtive when I may attend for the adjustment and discharge of the 
ape. due the Garrison. By attending particularly to the injunctions of 
theibove, you will oblige yours, &c. 


Agreeably to orders received from Brigadier Benjamin Biggs, I 
sammoned a Court-martial to meet at the town of West Liberty on the 
20th day of last month, for the tryal of Lieutenant Joseph Biggs. The 
Ofunioo of the court, together with the several depositions of the res- 
peetive witnesses, I have herewith inclosed. The nature of the busi- 
oeai made it absolutely necessary for me to send the proceedings by 

Expreaa, as the men inlisted by Lieutenant Biggs for the defence of our 


Point of 

April 2d 


)i> *':jkLisz±2. yf ?3LLrz fapkbs. 


m anc -triSiair a1 ^ «■ cuct mm^' vHMBrai. ■■til tWr know 
A^rti jki VIA vll Vtmmmut sua. 

I 'V'fHi loie inmh^r ic 3i>iC» "fincfiTiniir ^caxMK'* MiEiimnr Exercise 

fl» wfr ir» A£ jb zmc jMfr Sir iM mat ot tbem. not 

7-wz V z^s^st Ji za^ tfmasj. Ii i» nyg^^i tW Exeni- 

tiT-^ wCJ, noJLA ^cvrmtiv. nr 3*.j-jur zhtt Ex^cvb. Ii iktcre s anythiiig 

AiMmt iiT La.v «a iMit Oven Onrk. v-jdmoml ftBi Pwwatt ■urtiml for 

zkft AimfOBC Trs!kL Tmm. tS plmie toi&iorm meio 
n » tj^ 3* «;^.miic. TW tan* lytmi a doiac tbe busiicM 


X. B — At t^ re^Miic c< LKf^i^a^aLi JaMpk Kggiu I hare enclosed t 


Dr. Sir: 

Br the Bearer. Mr. Wm. Bogg&> mj resigiiatioii ms Justice of the 
Peaee is sent torva^ vkieh piefc§ to accept in order that I may Get 
from among a coiiection <^ the off xovrin^ of tlie Earth, of which 
fMUt of Ohio CooDtT Coon CoiHut. My reasons tor resigning was thtt 
I woold not §€1 with roughs: the Conn then sitting accepted of it, &€. 
When joa are sending forward Stea ban's Exercise to the Officers of 
tbiJi Countj. which I expect will be by the Bearer, if there is any put 
in print for the Training of the CaTalry. please send forward one for the 
uht of our half Troop, or if none is convenient the necessary Terms or 
words of command used in Exercising horse, as we are at a Great loss 
for want of Instruction, &c. 

I have the Honor to be with Deference, 

Your Excellency's very Humble Sarv't, 

2 Lieut, in Troop of Cavalry. 

April 'M H. Capbrton to the Govbrnoil 


In several of my last letters to you I informed you that if ray pre- 
sence was necessary before the Counsell I would attend; this I shoold 
have Done had not the Small pox have been in Biehmond — if a doubt 
Itemains with your Excellency, it is my sincere wish that every thing 
respecting my conduct while an Officer may be fairly inquired into. 


I am not affiraid when the matter shall be set lorth in its proper col- 1794. 
onrs, but that I shall appear to be innocent of those Black and malig> April 2d 
nant charges which have been levelled against me By Colo. George 

I hope you will take notice of bis conduct if it comes officially before 
you and let him not pass with impunity; on the contrary please inform 

James Breckenridge, Esq., who has been polite enough to promise to 
Deliver this to your Excellency, is in possession of things Relative to 
this affair, to whom, if application is made, will be good enough to relate. 
I am about to commence prosecution against Colo. Clendinen for the 
fiUse testimony he gave against me before the Court Martial, and I have 
not a doubt but I will be able to produce abundant prooi to convict him. 

I would therefore submit it to your Excellency whether it will not be 
most proper to grant me a Rehearing before another Court Martial, or 
to postpone your Definitive sentence upon my conduct until the issue of 
this prosecution are known, altho. I am extremely solicitous to be 
relieved from my present state of suspence. Notwithstanding, if your 
Excellency should think fit to adopt the latter measure I shall cheerfully 

I am with respect and esteem. 

Your Excellency's ob't Serv*t. 

John Ford Tried for Murder. April 2d 

At a Superior Court held at Prince Edward courthouse, John Ford 
WftB presented for the murder of Joseph Rowton. 

For this crime the said John Ford was convicted by said court. Ow- 
ing to misconduct of a juror, a second trial was granted, at which he was 
ftg&in convicted and condemned on the 10th day of April, 1793. 

Petition for Pardon of John Ford. April 2d 

A petition of the jury who tried John Ford at the September term of 
District Court of Prince Edward on the charge of murder for the par- 
don of said Ford on account of his youth and previous good character, 
united in by many citizens. 

J. J. Ulrica Rivardi to the Governor. April 3d 

I have the honour to communicate to your Excellency a copy of my Baltimore, 
iogtmctioDS and a letter which will inform you of my appointment. I ^rke's 


1794. embrace the first opportunity to announce you my arrival in Baltimore, 
April 3d in which place I shall be no longer than will be strictly necessary for hav- 
ing the necessary plans drawn submittea to the inspection of the Gov- 
ernor of Maryland, & taken the necessary measures to have them 
brought into execution, which done, I shall repair with all possible dili- 
gence to Norfolk. 

Your Excellency will see by the very little sums allowed for the 
works I am to construct, that I shall labour under no small difficulties 
if it is necessary to make the points of defence any way extensive and 
strong. However, with the directions of a man of your military abili- 
ties, I hope to give full satisfaction to the Government, as no pains or 
application shall be neglected on my part. I hope you will excuse the 
liberty I take by soliciting you to favour me with some instructions cod- 
cerning the persons I must apply to in Norfolk on my arrival, either for 
the procuring of workmen, or to give me the necessary particulars in 
order to enable me to form the necessary estimates required by the 
Secretary of War. I will then be able to proceed without any loss of 

I have the honour to be &c. 

April 3d Instructions to John Jacob Ulrich Rivardi, Acting as Tem- 
porary Engineer in the Service of .the United States. 

In pursuance of the directions of the President of the United States 
you are hereby appointed an Engineer for the purpose of fortifying the 
ports and harbors hereinafter mentioned, viz: Baltimore, in the State of 
Maryland; Alexandria and Norfolk, in the State of Virginia. You are, 
therefore, immediately to repair to the ports to be fortified in the said 
States respectively, and in case the Governors should be near any of the 
said Ports you are to wait upon them and exhibit these instructions and 
inform them that you have repaired to the ports aforesaid in order to 
make the necessary surveys and investigations relatively to your mission, 
which you will submit to their consideration and take their orders 

As soon as you shall receive their approbation of your plans you are 
to construct the works and to execute them with all possible dispatch. 

The following is an extract of the estimation which the appropriatioos 
for the fortifications have been founded. The proportions of expense, 
therefore, herein stated for the said ports must not be exceeded, viz: 

Baltimore 28 pieces. 

Dtb. Cis. 
Parapets, embrasures and platforms for batteries for 28 

pieces, ----- 2,016 44 

A Redoubt with four embrasures, • - - 810 


Two Magazines, ..... 400 1794. with Barracks, .... 500 April 3d 

ContingeDcieSy ----- 500 

4,225 44 

Sub. Srg. Corps. Mus. Privs. 
Grarrison to consist of 1 2 2 2 24 

Norfolk 24 pieces. 

Batteries, embrasures and platforms, - - 1,727 52 

Redoubt with embrasures, - - . . 810 

A Magazine, . . - . - 200 

Block-house or Barracks, . - - . 500 

Contingencies, ----- 500 

Sub. Srg. Corps. Mus. Privs. 
Garrison to consist of 1 2 2 2 24 

3,737 52 

Alexandria was inserted by the Legislature and not contained in the 
Original estimate. It is therefore at present to be fortified with works 
for twelve pieces. 

It will readily be perceived by the lowness of the estimates that the 
parapets of the works intended to be erected are to be of earth, or 
where that can not easily be obtained of an adhesive quality, the para- 
pets may be faced with strong timber and filled in with such earth as 
can be had. 

It is, however, conceived that in most cases earth may be procured 
and that a parapet made thereof will not only form a solid defence, but 
even be durable, if the earth be tenacious and properly sloped and 
sodded inside and out and the seed of Knot grass sown so as to bind the 
sods and earth together. 

It is, however, apprehended that the embrasures made in this manner 
would suffer from the explosion of the powder from the cannon, and 
that therefore where the batteries are not en barbette that the embra. 
sures ought to be framed with joist and faced with planks of two 
inches thick . 

Where the batteries are to be erected on points of land, Islands or 
other places at a distance from the towns intended to be defended, they 
ought to be covered or secured by a redoubt or other enclosed work in 
which the Garrison should reside constantly either in a Barrack or a 
Strong Block-house, as shall be judged most expedient. But, in general, 
as the Garrisons will be weak in numbers, a mounting one 
or two small pieces of cannon in its upper story, will be more secure, 
and therefore to be preferred. 

These, however, ought not to be much, if any, exposed to the fire of 
heavy cannon. A Block-house will not contain more than fifty men. If 
the Garrison therefore should be enlarged tents must be used. 


1794. The redoubts in general ought to be of a size to eontain five hundred 

April dd men, so as to resist a sudden enterprise of an enemy, and perhaps the 

idea ought to bo embraced in the first instance that they ah oald be of 

such extent as to admit timber casemates to be erected hereafter, seas 

to enable the Garrison to resist in some tolerable degree a bombardment 

But it is not proposed at present to erect such casemates, excepUiq^ 
for a magazine, which must bo formed of massy timber, and be six feet 
thick on the roof, exclusive of the earth, and jointed and caulked in 
such a manner as to be perfectly tight. Care must be taken to hxn 
these magazines properly ventilated and free from dampness. They are 
to be of a size sufficient to hold one hundred and fifty rounds of powder 
for each piece of cannon intended to be served from it. The spot at 
which a magazine of this nature shall be fixed, will require great judg^ 
ment so as to combine security against an enemy either open or subtle, 
or any danger from common accidents. 

Tour judgment will also direct what parts of your works shall be 
protected by freezers and what by palisades, or whether your redoabto 
shall have embrasures or fire en barbette with small cannon. As the] 
redoubts are to cover the batteries they would certainly secure and re» 
sist better without embrasures. The batteries are to annoy. 

The choice of ground on which the batteries and works are to be 
erected, with all the combinations and effects depending thereoD, wiH 
rest upon 3'our judgment, under the directions of the Grovernor, It hn 
not been intended by anything herein specified, to point outthe{Mtf- 
ticular manner in which the works should be executed. Outlines oiijf 
have been given to serve in regulating the expense, which is limited i^i 
the sums before mentioned. 

Some person in whose ingenuity and industry confidence can 
placed will be appointed at each of the said ports to superintend 
actual execution of the works according to your directions. Ai 
ments will also be made by him or some other person to obtain the m 
sary workmen, implements, and materials which will be required in 
business. But everything must be previously estimated and calouh 
by you. 

Although the Business herein entrusted to your charge is in itself' 
an highly honourable nature and strongly evincive of the confidenoei 
the President of the United States, and which would probably enhi 
your reputation, yet it is explicitly to be understood by you that 
emplojment is only temporary and not conferring any military 

For a compensation for your services and personal expenses, yoa 
be allowed and paid at the rate of four dollars per day while yoa tl 
be employed. For all reasonable extra expenses, such as m 
boat-hire and persons to assist in your surveys, you will be allowed, 
for those you must keep regular accounts and take receipts. 

Tou are to deliver to the Governors copies of all your plana, 


soandingB, Ac, and also tranHinit copies of the same to this office. Tou 1794. 
are also to make a weekly report to this office of your proceedings. April 3d 

I have issued my warrant in your favor for two hundred and fifty 
dollars as an advance of your compensation and personal expenses. 

As it is conceived the case of Norfolk is the most pressing, you will 
stay no longer in Baltimore than is necessary to inform the Governor. 
Mark out the work, and leave the execution for the present to Captain 
Strieker, or some other person whom the Governor may appoint for that 

You will please also to give every necessary direction or advice rela- 
tively to the mounting of the cannon at those places. 

I have written to Captain Strieker at Baltimore, and the Governor 
will appoint some person for Norfolk. Col. Fitzgerald of Alexandria 
may have the superintendence of mounting the cannon at that place. 
A reverbatory furnace for hot balls must be erected for each battery. 

Given at the War office of the United States this 28th day of March, 

Signed H. KNOX, 

Secretary of War. 

Benjamin Biggs to thb Governor. April 3d 

Before my departure from Bichmond I understood that the rangers 
for the defence of the Western frontier was to be all stationed on the 
river Ohio, but received no written instructions from the Executive 
respecting the same ; however, aM far as I thought myself justifiable in 
the business I have gone; that is, I wrote Major Louther informing him 
of the design of the Executive, and likewise mentioned who was con- 
tractor, Informing him at the same time that it would be necessary for 
hiro to come down in order to make the arrangements for supplying of 
the different posts on the river, and also to Asartain the posts necessary 
to be Occupied by the troops. My letter to him was about the fourth 
of March last, since which time have received no answer and have there- 
fore concluded that no Instructions have been forwarded to him by the 
Executive as to the posting the men on the river. These things I have 
thought proper to sugest to your Excellency in order that auy further 
Instructions necessary might be forwarded by the earliest opportunity; 
as the contractor has understood that the provisions was to be furnished 
on the river, he is at a loss as to any other arrangement necessary. The 
last year's pay not coming forward retards the progress of the present 
arrangement of defence. No depredations have as yet been committed 
on our frontier; only one man taken prisoner on the frontier of Harri- 
son county, and a trail of Indians discovered on Middle Island creek 
wbo have not struck on any place as yet. No ammunition as yet come 


1794. forward to supply the posts, only three or four kegs which is forwarded 

April 3d from Morgan town by Col. McCleery — there is yet a quantity of Lead in 

the possession of Colo. Ebinezer Zane, the property of the United States 

who is not willing to issue the same to the rangers without authority 

sufficient to keep him indemnified. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

April 3d John Dunbar to the Governor. 

Aquia Asking Executive aid in having his bill for repairs done on the Aquia 

Warehouse, done by order of Court of Stafford. 

A warrant obtained from the Auditor for $430. Treasurer offered 
Dutch Gold or cut silver which was declined. Warrant passed to a friend 
but payment refused because Auditor said it was issued by mistake, for 
the reason that the warehouse had reverted to the original owner before 
the repairs were made. 

April 4th A. Lewis to the Governor. 

Vaoses Since I wrote you on the 25th of March, I saw a Gentleman who 

traveled in with Capt. Wm. Preston, who is on his way with dispatchoi 
from General Wayne to Congress. Capt. Preston informs that soiM 
time before be left headquarters that some of the northern tribes bid' 
come in with a Flag, and that he believes that their inclination wai 
there for peace. Since that the Indians have had a general meeting 
attended by the British Agent, who offered to supply with every mi- 
terial necessary to carry on the war against America. Since that period 
they are resolutely determined to prosecute the war. The Gentlemsa; 
that had this from Captain Preston is a person of character, and informiij 
me that Capt. Preston told him that his information was such that il 
could not be doubted. No doubt but the same encouragement will 
held out to the Southern tribes. In that case how stands the siti 
of our Frontiers. I need not describe to your Excellency the w( 
situation they are in at present. My company extended from the moatlij 
of Dump's Creek, Eussell county, to the lower end of Lee County, 
least one hundred and fifty miles. The troops ordered to be raised 
Capt. Hawkin's not coming into service is the cause. I hope my 
letter will be considered, and if not thought to the advantage of 
public to comply with my request therein, that Capt. Hawkins or 
other officer will immediately^ be directed to raise troops. The po^ 
on hand will be not sufficient for the year, and if not objected to, 
purchase what may be wanted on the best terms I can. Ensign 
ville is now in pursuit of a party of Indians, eleven in number, 


stole nine head of horses from near the Lower settlement in Lee county. 1794. 
I flatter myself he will overtake them unless prevented by the Country April 4th 
thro' which they pass being very level, and nothing to obstruct the passage 
of Horse, and the Enemy are chiefly mounted. I shall not return to 
the Frontier until I receive an answer. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. I have waited a considerable time for an accidental conveyance, 
although I think that I would have been justifiable in sending Express; 
have agreed to give Mr. Craig six Dollars for the delivery of the Letters 
to you and receive an answer. 

A. L. 

Thomas Newton, Jr., to Libutbnant-Govbrnor Wood. ApriUth 

1 received your letter of 31st March last about 2 o'clock this day en- Norfolk 
closing a resolve for laying an embargo. Had it come on two days 
sooner, many vessels would have been stopped. The private acc*s of 
the embargo being laid reached this place on Monday morning last, & 
several vessels loaded and cleared before the official orders came. The 
French fleet (which we understand is expected) & many Americans lie 
in Hampton roads without our power. Every step shall be taken by 
me to carry the resolve into execution, but suppose Gen'l Mathews will 
issue the necessary orders. 

I am your, Ac. 

David Patteson to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. April 5th 

I have to acknowledge your favor of the 31st of March, and permit 
me to assure you that every necessary exertion on my part shall be 
made towards carrying into compleat effect the resolve of Congress of 
the 26th for that purpose. 

I have ordered one company of militia to be in readiness to aid the 
collector at Bermuda Hundred if required. On a late occasion I have 
experienced the very great want of arms, &c. in the hands of our mil- 
itia. I am informed that some time past an offer was made to the then 
commandant of some muskets, &c. for our County, which it seems was 
not accepted. I will now gladly receive so many stand as will be suffi- 
cient to arm the Companies of Infantry and Gronadeers, under such 
regulations as may be prescribed, as I have much at heart the training 
and respect of the militia of our county. 

I have the honor, &c. 




E. Langham to the Governor. 

April 5th 

I send by the bearer, Mr. Hughes, my account for provisions fur- 
nished the public post. I have sent it several times, and owing to their 
being no money in our Treasury, I have not received the money. Please 
observe that I engaged to furnish provision merely to prevent an impo- 
sition on the public which had been practiced. I was obliged to ad- 
vance my own money and credit to serve the public. I have still to 
supply the post, and without being paid, m}' credit will be exhausted. 
My money is low, and of course it will be hard to get supplied. If 
there is ho money in the treasury, be so obliging to say on the account 
that it will be paid off as soon as money comes into the treasury, then 
perhaps I may get money for the account from some neighboring sher- 

I find by the account in the papers, (which I have long thought in 
my own mind) that a war is almost certain, and that Independent corps 
are Justifiable. If I must serve my country in the disagreeable state of 
warfare, that is the line most pleasing to me. Should you think proper 
to authorize any such corps, so far as you may think my abilities extend, 
command me, and if it tits my pride I shall except and exert myself, 
and am flattered with an idea that I could not onlj' lead a fighting 
party, but could raise one as soon as almost any one, either cavalry or 
infantry; my desire would be a few of both. 

My apprenticeship in war has been in the artillery, but I think I 
should be better pleased to be in more active employment; yet should I 
be honored with a suitable command in that line, I should not be back- 
ward in serving my country at any time that I thought it imposed on. 

On Thursday last I had the honor to be elected to serve my county 
in the Gen*l Assembly, & unfortunately was whiped to the poles, and by 
the strongest party interest in the county. 

I have the honor, &c. 

April 6th 


Thomas MatheSws to the Governor. 

Your letter of the 31st ulto. covering the resolution of Congress, impos- 
ing an Embargo on all vessels bound to Foreign Ports, reached mo the4tb 
instant. Private dispatches from Philadelphia had been received by the 
merchants of this place of the embargo being laid some time before my 
official account had reached us. The merchants actuated by interest 
exerted themselves to load and clear out every vessel possible and for- 
warded them to Hampton Roads. To secure those that are in port from 
sailing, I have ordered a subaltern, one sergeant, and fifteen men to take 
charge of an eighteen pounder, and to permit no vessel that their force 


can prevent, to pass, without a permit from the collector of the Customs. 1794. 
That such vessel is not comprehended in the Resolution of Congress, April 6th 
1 have likewise directed a small detachment under Lieut. Col. Wilson 
to use every legal effort to prevent such vessels as have departed from 
port since the Embargo has been officially notified to us, from leaving 
the State. Enforcing due obedience to the Resolution of Congress is 
attended with much difficulty in pur present situation. 

The Port unprovided with artillery, (the piece before mentioned ex- 
cepted) and ammunition of all kinds. No fund established by which on 
an emergency any exertion would be made with a prospect of success. 
This situation places the officers in this quarter in a very disagreeable 
predicament. They may give orders, but not having power to enforce 
them they become contemptable. 

I have purchased one hundred pounds of powder, for which I have 
drawn an order on the Executive, an order for payment. I hope the 
measures I have taken will meet your approbation. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. Richardson to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. April 7th 

The Richmond Light Infantry beg leave to inform you that finding Richmond 
they could not compleat the company so long as they continued their 
Red uniform, determined a few daj's since to change their coats to Blue 
with white lacings, agreeable to an order of Council. Since which, 
they have nearly compleated the companj', and can give assurances of 
the full completion in six weeks. As they have been at very consider- 
able expense in their uniform, which would be entirely lost could they 
not obtain arms, they now solicit a sufficient number of the public 
arms to be put into their hands, for which their officers shall be account- 
able, & will see them forthcoming whenever called on for them, and as 
they have engaged with an armourer by the year for cleaning and keep- 
ing the arms of the company in good order, it may be some small sav- 
ing to the State. 

A. Lewis to the Governor. April 8th 

Tbe determined resolution of the Indians to prosecute the war against Vauses 
us and the frequent disappointments I have met with in getting a convey- 
ance of Intelligence to your Excellency, convinces me of the necessity 
of sending by Express, for which purpose I have engaged with Colonel 
James Bamett, and for his services he is to receive the sum of Twenty- 
Seven Dollars if not detained. The distance from this to Richmond and 
bsick is four hundred miles. My letters of the 25th of March and of this 


1794. Inst., will, with this, be handed you by biro. I had engaged with a Mr. 
April 8th Craig for the delivery of them, but as he drives a waggon, I think it 
would not be doing the Frontiers justice to wait his return for an an- 
swer. The expectation of Capt. Hawkins' company coming into ser- 
vice induces the Inhabitants that live exposed, and that cannot be cov- 
ered by the few Troops now in service, to continue in their exposed sit- 
uation with daily expectation of relief. Were they to be cut off by the 
Enemy without my giving you notice, should think myself much to 
blame, but would beg leave still to recommend the plan mentioned in 
my letter of the 25th of March, as well for the good of the Frontiers 
as to tend to make the Troops ingaged in your service respectable. It does 
not appear that the war we are engaged in with the Indians to be the 
only matter in Question. From the news we have in this Quarter, a 
British war is to be expected, & I do not consider myself nor Troops 
under my command to be confined peculiarly to the service we are now 
engaged in, but in any you may direct. If the horsemen are allowed, 
swords and pistols sent us, an order given to Col. Barnett, he will 
I receive them & have them forwarded. 

The money for the services of 1793 is much wanted ; would be glad 
to know by Col. Barnett when the soldiers may expect it. 

I am, &c. 

April 8th A Return of Capt. Richard Bowler's Company of the first Battalion of 

the Nineteenth Regiment of the Militia of the City of Richmond, to- 
gether with a return of the arms, &c., belonging to the said Company: 

1 Captain; 1 Lieutenant; 1 Ensign; 2 Sergeants; 91 Effective; 20 
Removed; 12 Exempted; 3 Died; 3 Added. Muskets, 64 good; 1 bad. 

Remarks. — Furnished Thomas Nicholson 25 Stand of arms, having 
drawn that number as over proportion to my company, the Law allow- 
in(r only 65 men to a company. 


Auditor's I ^^gg leave to acquaint the Executive that Messrs. Cunningham & 
office Qq have obtained a Judgment against the Co*wealih during the present 
sitting of the District Court held at this place for a very heavy sum for 
the value of a Vessel and Cargo destroyed by the Enemy during late 
war, and as an acquiessanpe under this decision, will perhaps bring for- 
ward a host of Similar Claimants, and the precedent in this instance, if 
fixed, may operate in their favor, I take the liberty of requesting the 
commands of you hon'ble Board whether I shall take an appeal or sub> 
mit to the decision of the District Court. I feel great diffidence in ask* 


iDg for an Appeal, when I turn my eye to the eminent Gentleman of the 1794. 
Bar and the very respectable Judge who coincide in favor of the appli- April 8th 
cants, bat I am compelled by my regard for the public interest to solicit 
the direction of the hon'ble Board on this occasion. 

I am, &c. 

Virginia, to- wit: 

At a Court of Appeals held at the Capitol, in the City of Richmond, 
Nov. 12, 1793 : 

The Commonwealth 

Samuel Barron Cunningham, for himself, and Company, appellees. 

Upon an appeal from a judgment Recovered by the appellees in the Dis- 
trict Court held in Richmond the twelth day of September, 1792, 
whereby it was considered that the Auditor of Public Accounts should 
issue to the appellees warrants for the sums of two thousand nine 
hundred and fifly-nine pounds, eight shillings and three pence half- 
penny, and one thousand two hundred and eighty-eight pounds, seven- 
teen shillings and nine pence one farthing: 

On consideration of the transcript of the record and the arguments of 
the Counsel, the Court is of opinion that under the resolution of the 
General Assembly of March the twelfth, 1781, the impressment of the 
vessel and cargo of the appellees in the proceedings mentioned, by order 
of the Executive, was either authorized or approved, and the Public was 
bouDd to pay them for their loss consequent thereon. But that the cer- 
tificate ot the County Court of Nansemond, of June the fourteenth, 
1784, when there was no Law in force which authorized County Courts 
to adjust and certify such claims, ought not to have been admitted to 
fix the amount thereof which should be ascertained by the original 
appraisement, if to be had, and liable to no objection as to its fairness 
or justice; but if that is not to be had, or should be found exceptionable 
on either of those grounds, then by other satisfactory proof, and that 
the judgment aforesaid is erroneous. Therefore it is considered that 
the same be reversed and annulled, and that the appellees pay the cost 
of the prosecution of the appeal aforesaid here. And the cause is 
remanded to the said District Court for that Court to proceed to ascer- 
tain the loss of the appellees in manner before directed. Which is 
ordered to be certified to the said District Court. 

A Copy — teste: 

J. BROWN, C. C. A. 

I release two shillings per hundred on the tobacco for which Samuel 
Btron Caoningham has obtained a judgment against the Common- 

ilf^i v^Affiih '\f rtA <i|>|>^»i \-**\ pfr,^*w»nri%fl r.h»%»»«vin hit; if nhe appeal be prt»- 

Au J ror ri. B. CCXyrS'GHAM. 

ThA jiKlfirfr»/^r»f. ^hf;*ir»M hy .•^ama*^! Baron Cannin^ham against the 
fUffftffifffiWf^fillh i« ofily Pzr.f-^tUOhMf: in that part ot' it which ftllows 
<*»lfhf Af»r» <tK)n'»r»i^.<i j|»^r ^r^intom frir thft Tobar,f:o lost : in every other 
ttxnpt^f'l \i f^pfffM^fM Ut hii fftuu(\*A hu the Decree of Court of the Appeals. 


pro republica. 

^|,f))fli), Wm. I>avikh to the (Governor. 

MH«rtfli^rtV MfMtio ilouiitA hnvn iii'Ififtn with nmpoct to the exocutioDs lately delivered 
tfi MtM4 I Uvu lonvn to Hiihtnit to your Kxoollency for further instructions 
TwM ot thn lipiniitiunt^A tiKHitml iiof(on«, late Sheriit'of Southampton, are 
(Ili'tMHtMl to Mlnt^liih llollltnnn, lato Shoritf of the same county, who is 

A «|MP^ii(Mi wnwon t«» whom lho?*o writn can now be delivered and who 
hwn ti»o lUUluM'lty tt» oxoruto thorn, Soot, 19& 28 of the 16th chapter of 
tho Aolt. pftMiit^d Ih iho SomIou ot 17S>-. soom to confine the transaction of 
\\\^ lm«(ho«« to tlu» lllifh ShcrifT nauuHl in tho r\}n(iitioni : if so, nothing 
Otth >»o \|*Mu^ uh^Joi^ tho |uvj*ont pn»ot»jw, and as there seems to have been 
H^^h^o os*i\no\ion«* In tho doliiujuonoios in that o«>unty, |H>rhaps it will be 
v^U)4th>o H* «HH»M H'* |Hv*Mih|^^ xw r\>movo ihis dittioulty. With a view to 
vxy^^v^l^o \\w v^»llootU*»» ot iho tinv»rH4^v>t, 1 had fixed upon early days of 
*hUv H* ^\> Uu> ^0^ !*vv<»vM^ vvf tho aol umK^r which I am appointed I ap- 
^svH^\^ ^v* hnvs* Ks^M o*u|H>wvi\\i It K hv>weYt*r ^u^jr^v^te^l that on all 
\AV^'V^^U'^»^ Usmiv\* s^ I ho Uim^ attd pJacv v»l saU* t!tu>t b<^ previously pub- 
U^k^s^^ i!^^ ^^v^ v^^vuMihv'^xv *.twr v»w a wwtt day. ^vd at seme pubHo place 
^sV!^H V^»c vU^t^^v*^*^ rsW^lv^w a^ tci*^i ticti sfavs Krtorv ch^ sai^. It such a 
^Mkt\^ VNS^v,^»^ktiV »^ ^*W«i3i«A{|%^*'^^ Ji» ^tt.v? ccfrsirtc to wii'':t) Txiy autiJiomv exten*!*. 
It, \v»!r ^,lv);\v ^i>v ti:Nk*K IvJb^x^'*" ^^^^ i vxMiM wH<b It' tibfr* shouM b^ 'i-^emed 

i^h.%^'-^ »«»* V jJt\j/v«*»< ■:.>N»t* 'f -t*jv» »citip<?it •j'v ti i*r . ■ii'^i'4.'**. 'lie ■i^i^ftSJ^ia- 
:V«** '^ '.'**i "vViW VU*v 4k*.vv 'K/iJ -^i •;it*jtii !:>^w ^4\;A:UU«llll«' -111110 atca^ntfC 


suggest the expediency of iDstructing me early on the subject of the 1794. 
writs directed to HoUiman, especially as Simmons also has one against April 8th 
Rogers, and it would be much better that executions against the same 
delinquent should all have the same day of sale appointed. 

I have the honor, &c. 

The Fi. fas. having been levied by Holliroan, the venditionas were of 
course directed to him, because the property was supposed to have been 
in his hands by virtue of the first Executions. The property is Lands 
& Tenements. If the delinquent will deliver the property, I suppose 
the agent may act (but of this perhaps it would be best advise with an 
Expositor), otherwise a Distringas must issue ag'st the Estate of Holli- 
man in the hands of his Ex'or or Adm'or, on the return of the Vend*s, 
and a CerTe must be obtained from the Clerk of the County Court to 
ascertain the name of the Ex'or or Admin'or. 


A. Office, 12 April, '94. 

In addition to the observations of the Auditor on the enquiries con- 
tained in Mr. Davies' letter, which are very apt and proper, I have only 
to observe that as ye Estates of the delinquent Sheriffs in Southamp- 
ton appear to consist altogether of Lands & Tenements, it will be neces- 
sary, according to the 3rd section of the Act of Assembly for the more 
speedy recovery of Debts due to this Commonwealth, to make notifica- 
tion of the intended sale of the said Lands & tenements in manner &. 
form as by the said act is directed. By the 9th Section it is also pre- 
sented that in any case similar to those alluded to in the Agent's Let- 
ters, all writs which ought to be directed to a Sheriff shall be executed 
by the High Sheriff. 

I have the Honour to be, &c. 

Thomas Mathews to the Governor. April 8th 

I hold it my duty to give you every information respecting the steps Norfolk 
I have taken to enforce the Act of Congress imposing an Embargo. Last 
evening I received information that a fast sailing Boat, which had been 
the property of the British Consul, and which was said to be by Him 
8oid to Mr. MacCauley, was about to depart the State. I immediately 
directed an officer to take charge of the Boat & unbind the sails. This 
was done without violence or injury to the property. 

On enquiry I find the Boat to be the property of the British Consul, 
and have in person offered to restore Her to him on condition that His 
word should be given that the Boat should not depart the State. Con- 
trary to my expectation, the Consul refused to receive fler, alledging 


1794. tbftt the Boat being bis property and taken from bis care without his 
April Ml permissioD^ he would represent the esse to his Govern ment. I told him 
be was at liberty to make any representation, bat that I knew of no ex- 
emption in the Act of Congress for his Boat or any other. I bare been 
tbos particular in this case that information, if necessary, may be for- 
warded to the General CrOTemmect. I bare directed the Boat to be 
secured, and given orde» for Her safe-keeping. I shall be happy in 
receiving any instructions that the Executive may communicate. 

I am respectfully. Ac. 


The mouth of Greenbrier, Walkers Meadow, A Strowd's Country are 
points perhaps not effectually secured against incursions of the Savages, 
and last year were allowed six scouts. 

I am of opinion the business would be well placed in Colo. Stuart's 
hands, and propose that he be requested in case of apparent danger, to 
adopt such temporary measures as he may think most likely to secure 
the Inhabitants against such incursions. 

It will be necessary for him to know the Positions taken by the offi- 
cers already in service, and the manner in which they do duty. 

With, Ac. 


Norfblk The cannon in the Borough of Xorfolk A its vicinity 

At Norfolk : 

2 Brass field pieces (with carriages), of 2 inches calibre. 

1 Iron piece, " 4} " 

On the Point at the entrance of the harbour: 

13 large Iron guns (without carriages), 6 " 

4 " '* of equal length, 5} 

4 smaller guns, 4} '^ 

13 short (ship guns), 4 *^ 

At Portsmouth: 
6 Iron pieces, 3} '' 

The above the property of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

2 Iron pieces (with carriages), 4 inches calibre. 
2 " " 3} '- 

6 '* (without carriages), 3i *' 

17 '* of different lengths, and from 3 to 4 ** 

Private property. 


Agreeable to your request I have taken moasurec^ tor drilling 9uch 17^ 

gUDS (poblic propeitjr) as may be spiked^ and A|>nl lOtb 

Sir> <!^c« 

At a coart held for the county of Rockbridge the thini day of August, Ai>ril lOth 

John Bowyer, Gent., produced a Commission in Court ftrom his Excel- 
lency the Governor, appointing him Encheator for this county, who 
took the oath, and with Samuel McDowell and Samuel Lyle, his securi- 
ties, entered into and acknowledged Bond in the penalty ot two thou* 
sand pounds constituted as the law requires. 



A circular letter dated Richmond, January 25th, 1794, tVom his Ex* 
cellency Henry Lee to the Justices of Rockbridge, with one enclosed to 
the Escheator of said county, was received, which is hereby acknowl- 

By the instructions of said county court. 

ANDREW REID, C. R. Court. 

W. Fenwick to the Qovbrnor. April lOth 

Complains of treatment by the committee of Petersburg appointed Kichmond 
to guard the town against small-pox. 

Willis Wilson to the Governor. April lOth 

After receiving orders from Lt.-Gov*r Wood I had information that a Portsmouth 
Brigantine belonging to Mr. Fitzsimons of Congress, and commanded 
by Mr. Maury, had dropped down from this Port to Uampton Roads in 
order to proceed on a voyage to Jamaica, in open violation of the em- 
bargo and defiance to repeated orders given him by the officers of the 
custom House. It was suggested that be intended to use force in oppo- 
sition to his being brought back, which induced mo to embody 30 of the 
militia of this Town, got a small schooner and proceeded immediately 
after him. I found him mixed with the fleet in the Roads, took posses- 
sion, and have moored the Brig'ne in this port. 

I gave the fleet a thorough search, but found no other vessel that I 
ooooeived to come under the purview of the Resolution. Have dis- 
charged the party of militia, and shall try to make this violater oi our 

Law pay the expence. 




1794. We received information from Baltimore that Mr. Hamilton had pur- 

April 10th chased there a fast sailing pilot Boat (supposed) for the purpose of send- 
ing intelligence abroad, and entering her on Dunmore's list of pirates. 
Gen'l Mathews has put a guard on board, which has put the Scotchman 
in a terrible pet. I still have chief of the arms I received from your 
Excellency. They want a little work from an armourer. Should be 
proud to receive orders thereto. Mr. Bedinger has rec*d orders, and is 
about mounting one Cannon. The Doedalus still retains her station. 
She, with a letter of Marque Ship since the embargo, ride with springs on 
their cables in a very menacing position. The fleet broke ground yes- 
terday, but the wind prevented them getting to sea. 

I have, &c. 

April nth 

Samuel Coleman to Superintendent op Point op Fort. 

Richmond By advice of Council of the 8th instant, I am directed to request that 
you will forward without delay five hundred stand of the repaired arms 
to this place. Be pleased to fit the Bayonets, and let the Cartridge 
Boxes be in good order for immediate use. 

1 am, sir, &c. 

April nth 


Jno. Cropper to the Governor. 

Appointment accepted bv Jno. Cropper of agency for collection of 
Arrears of Taxes in Brigade District of which Accomack forms part 

April 13th 


Thomas Mathews to the Governor. 

On Wednesday last I received the enclosed letter and papers from 
White, Whittle & Co., Merchants, of this place. I immediately directed 
an oflScer to wait on Admiral Vanstable. A copy of the orders to the 
officer attending Admiral Vanstable you have likewise enclosed. The 
Admiral returned for answer that the vessel should be immediately 
restored, and that it was his wish to conform to the Laws of the United 
States. In consequence of which I wrote to White, Whittle & Co., in- 
forming them of the Admiral's wish to restore the vessel. A copy of 
the letter you have likewise enclosed, to which I have received no an- 

The British Frigate Doedalus has for some days past been laying with 
a spring on Her cable, and attended with a British letter of Marque in 
the same position. 


This aitoation is rather menacing; but as they have committed nothing 17M. 
like hostility, I have refrained making any representation respecting April ISth 
the case. Her force is too insignificant to meditate anything serious. 

I hope the Executive will establish some Fund to enable us to execute 
such plans as will tend to enforce the embargo. At present I can only 

I am, sir, &c. 

In consequence of the within orders from General Yanstable, Mr. 
John C. Cooper last evening took possession of one Snow Venus. Alex- 
ander MeConnell, Master, Slipt the Cable, and at about 8 o'clock at 
night got under way, he informed, for Hampton Roads. We deem it 
our Duty to give you this Information that you may take such steps as 
you deem necessary, as we are Determined to seek redress from another. 

Respectfully we are, Gentlemen, &c., 

Col. Thos. Mathews, 

Norfolk, 9th April, 1794. 

On board the Tiger, 
Monday, being the 7th April, 1794. 

Mr. Cooper: 

I have repeatedly sent to the Capt. and owners of the Snow 
Yenus, now lying in Norfolk, to proceed in Hampton Roads, being 
Chartered by F. W. Le Compte & Richard Gernon, agents for the 
French Republick, who have shipped on Her Nineteen Hundred Bar- 
rels of Flour for account of the Republick, as appears by Capt. McCon- 
neirs receipts. 

But to this moment I have not seen said Snow, and am informed that 
she does not intend to join my Convoy. 

1 then request you. Sir, to order her & see her under way; and should 
she not obey your orders, I request you to force her to proceed, being 
my duty to take all French property under my Convoy. 

Your friend, 

John Cooper, Esq., 

Comm'r of Ship Yanstable, at Norfolk. 

The above is a true copy of General Yanstable's order to me, and in 
consequence of which I take possession of the Snow Yenus, in order to 
deliver her to General Yanstable, now on board the Tiger, in Hampton 


Attest: James Patterson. 


1794. I, John Cooper, Commander of the Ship Vanstable, lying in the port 

April 13th of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Do hereby certify that I have taken pos- 
session of the Snow Venus, commanded by Alexander McConnell, 
Laden with nineteen hundred Barrels of Flour, on Freight for the 
French Eepublick, agreeable to General Vanstable's orders, to proceed 
to join his Convoy & to proceed to France. A receipt of the General's 
orders being previously shown to Capt. McConnell. 

April 8, 1794. 

Messrs. White, Whittle & Co.: 
Gentlemen : 

On rec*t of your letter notifying that the Snow Venus had 
been wrested from your possession and carried down to Hampton Road 
with intent to be forwarded to some foreign port, contrary to the Act 
of Congress imposing an Embargo, I immediately Dispatched an Officer 
to Admiral Vanstable with a copy of the papers you put into my hands, 
with a request to the Admiral that the Snow should be restored. 

I now inform you, that Admiral Vanstable directed my officer to 
acquaint me that the Vessel: should be delivered on Demand. You are 
therefore at liberty to take such measures as may best tend to the secu- 
rity of your property, and if necessary, I will give any person you may 
appoint to take charge of the Snow, instructions for that purpose. 

I am, &c., 

Thursday Evening. 


The memorial and petition of the Subscribers, Inhabitants in the West- 
tern part of Washington County, and the eastern settlement of Lee, 
near Mockison Gap — 

Humbly sheweth. That altho. we have been considered as an interior 
settlement, yet from various unfortunate occurances it must appear that 
we are equally exposed with the most distant Frontier settlements. 

That by attending to the Geography of the Southwestern Frontier, it 
will appear that from the Western settlement of Russell county, on 
Clinch River, and the eastern of Lee, in Powells' valley, there is an un- 
inhabited space of more than twenty miles nearly north of your petition- 
ers' Dwellings, which makes us for that extent a frontier to the State. 

That the predatory parties of the Indians, always industrious in dia- 
covering the weakness of our settlement, has for years past made their 
inroads through this vacant or uninhabited space, and have committed 


several crael murders in the neighborhood of your petitioners, as will 1794. 
appear by the following detail: April 14th 

August 26, 1791, a party of Indians headed by a Captain Bench of 
the Cherokee Tribe, attacked the house of EHsha Ferris two miles from 
Mockison Gap — murdered Mr. Ferris at his house and made prisoner 
Mrs Ferris and her daughter Mrs. Levingstone, and a young child to- 
gether with Nancy Ferris. All but the latter were cruelly murdered 
the first day of their captivity. 

April 1792, the same chief with a party of Indians attacked and mur- 
dered the family of Harper Ratcliff — six in number, about eight miles 
west of the above-mentioned Gap. 

March 31st, 1793, the Enemy attacked on Powell's mountain Moses 
Cockrell and two others who had horses loaded with merchandize; killed 
two men — took all the Goods and pursued Mr. Cockrell near two miles. 

July, 1793, Bench, with two other warriors traversed the Settlement 
on the North Fork of Holstein for upwards of twenty miles, probably 
with the intention of making discoveries where were negro property. 
In this rout they find at one Williams, and took prisoner a negro woman, 
the property of Peter Levingstone, who, after two days captivity, made 
her escape. 

And lately, April 6th, 1794, the melancholy disaster which befell Mr. 
Leving8tone*s family and property, which has urged this application for 
assistance to prevent the depopulation of a considerable settlement. 

From the above facts, your Excellency and the Council will be a judge 
of the justice of our claim, that such protection be afforded us as the 
State may be able to afford and our necessities require. 

All which we submit with deference, and your petitioners will ever 





JOHN V. COOK, with 

April 14th, 1794. 

Norfolk, 9th of April, 1794. 

On receipt of this you will immediately proceed to General Van- April 14th 
stable, commanding the fleet of the Republic of France, and inform 
him that the Snow Venus, the property of White, Whittle & Co., was 
forcibly taken from this port and from the possession of the owners, as 
appears by the papers I have entrusted to your care. That I consider 
the act as contravening the Act of Congress imposing an Embargo, and 
therefore request a restoration of her. I shall expect your report. 

I am, &c., 

To Capt. S. S. Calvert, 




April 14th 

James Williams to the Governor. 

Anxious that the Brigade under my directions should be so organized 
as to be able to turn out if necessity should require it, on the shortest 
notice, I have to request that the Captain commanding the Artillery 
company in Fredericksburg, if practicable, may be furnished with two 
brass field pieces, six pounders, fifty stand of small arms with the neces- 
sary accoutrements complete; Ammunition for the field pieces, say 
Grape and round shott, cartridges, and a small tembriil for the purpose 
of carrying the ammunition, small arms, &c. belonging to the company. 
If those things or any part of them can bo obtained, I should be glad 
to have the order of the Executive sent me by the return of Mr. Clay- 
ton, who will hand you this. 

I am, &c. 

April 15th 

Richard Cary to the Governor. 

If the arms which directed to be sent down for the use of the county 
of Warwick are now in Richmond, Mr. Wm. Gray, the Bearer hereof 
will take charge of them, and bring them safe to my hands. 

I have, &c. 

Received of Samuel Coleman three boxes said to contain seventy-two 
stand of arms and accoutrements belonging to the public, which I prom- 
ise to deliver to Capt. Richard Cary of Warwick, the danger of acci- 
dents in transportation by water excepted. 



Jno. Lester. 

Rocketts, April 26th, 1794. 

April 15th 


Baltimore I received this moment the honor of your letter of the 10th instant 
with the enclosures. I beg your Excellency to be persuaded that I feel 
the urgent necessity of my arrival at Norfolk, and that if anything 
could be able to increase my impatience, it would be the fear of your 
thinking me slow in my operations. I have already sent my plans, and 
am ever anticipating their acceptation, for 1 had part of the lines 
drawn without waiting for answers. General Enox requested me in 
his last to have the guns mounted here, and to go likewise to Alexan- 
dria, in order to put also the Artillery there in order. However, I took 


the liberty to mentioD to him that I thought I would defer that busi- 1794. 
nesB until Norfolk its in a state of defence, and that I intended to set off April 15th 
for the above mentioned place the instant it could be done. The hope 
of having the honor to meet your Excellency there is highly flattering 
for me, and is a sure omen that I shall experience none of the delays 
which I met with here. 

I have, &c. 

An account of the captivity of Mrs. Elizabeth Levingstone, of Washing- April 15th 
ton County, Virginia, put down in writing in her presence, and nearly 
in her own words: 

April 6, 1794. About 10 o'clock in the morning, as I was sitting in 
my House, the fierceness of the dog's barking alarmed me. I looked 
out & saw seven Indians approaching the House, armed and painted in a 
frightful manner. No person was then within, but a child of ten years 
old, another of two years, and my sucking infant. My husband and his 
brother Harry had just before walked out to a Barn at some distance 
in the Field. My sister-in-law Susanna was with the remaining chil- 
dren in an out-house. Old Mrs. Levingstone was in the garden. I 
immediately shut and fastened the door; they (Indians) came furiously 
up & tryed to burst it open, demanding several times of me to open the 
door, which I refused. They then fired two guns; one ball pierced 
through the door, but did me no damage. 1 then thought of my hus- 
band's Kifle, took it down, but it being double-trickered, I was at a loss; 
at length I fired thro' the door, but it not being well aimed, I did no 
execution ; however, the Indians retired from that place, and soon after 
I found that an adjoining house was on fire, & 1 and my children suffer- 
ing much from the smoke. I opened the door, & an Indian immediately 
advanced & took me prisoner, together with the two children. I then 
discovered they had ray remaining children in their possession. My 
Sister Sukey, a negro wench & her young child, a negro man of Edward 
Callihan's and a negro boy of our own about eight years old. They 
were fearful of going into the house I left to plunder, supposing that it 
had been a man that had shot at them and was yet within. So our 
whole cloathing & household furniture were consumed in the flames, 
which I was then pleased to see, rather than it should be of use to the 

We were all hurry ed a short distance, where the Indians were very 
busy dividing & putting up in packs for each to carry his part of the 
booty taken. I observed them careless about the children, & most of 
the Indians being some distance ofl in front, I called with a low voice 
to my eldest daughter, give her my youngest child, & told them all to- 
mo towards neighbor John Russell's. They with reluctance left me, 


1794. sometimes haltiog, sometimes looking back. 1 beckooed to them to go 
April 16th on, altho* I inwardly felt pangs not to be expressed on account of our 
doleful separation. They two Indians in the rear either did not notice 
this scene, or they were willing the children might run back. 

That evening the Indians crossed Clinch Mountain, & wont as far as 
Copper Creek, distant about 8 miles. 

April 7. Set out early in the morning, crossed Clinch river at 
McClean's Fish-dam about 12 o'clock, then steered northwardly towards 
the head of Stonoy Creek. Then they Indians camped carelessly — had 
no back spy nor kept sentries out. This day^s journey was about 
twenty miles. 

April 8. Continued in camp until the sun was more than an hour 
high; then set out slowly and travelled five or six miles and camped 
near the foot of Powel's Mountain. This day, Bench, the Indian chief, 
became more pleasant, & spoke freely to the prisoners. He told them 
he was about to carry them to the Cherokee Towns. That in his rout 
in the wilderness was his brother with two other Indians hunting, so 
that he might have provision when he returned. That at his camp 
were several white prisoners taken from Kentucky, with horses and 
saddles to carry them to the Towns. He made enquiry for several per- 
sons on Holstein, particularly Old General Shelby, and said he would 
pay him a visit the ensuing summer and take all his negroes. He fre- 
quently enquired who had negroes, and threatened he would have them 
all off the North Holstein. He said all the Chickamogga Towns were 
for war, and would soon be very troublesome to the White Folks. 

This day two of the party was sent by Bench ahead to hunt. 

April 9. After traveling about five miles, which was over PowelPs 
mountain and near the foot of the Stone mountain, a party of 13 men, 
under command of Lieutenant Vincent Hobbs, of the militia of Lee 
county, met the enemy in front, attaked & killed Bench the first fire. 
I being at that time some distance off in the rear. The Indian who 
was my guard at first halted on hearing the firing. He then ordered 
me to run, which I performed slowly. He then attempted to strike me 
in the head with the Tomhake, which I defended as well as I could 
with my arm. By this time two of our people came in view, which 
encouraged me to struggle all I could. The Indian making an effort, 
at this instant pushed me backward, and I fell over a log, at the same 
time aiming a violent blow at my head, which in part spent its force on 
me & laid me for dead. The first thing I afterward remembered, was 
my good friends around me giving me all the assistance in their power 
for my relief. They told me I was senseless lor about an hour. 

Certified this 15th day of April, 1794. 



William Giles to the Governor. 1794. 

I once more take the Liberty to apply for arms sufficient for my Com- April 16th 
pany. The Muskets that we have made use of was Borrowed from Captains Richmond 
Quarrier and Wilson; and now they have called them in. It places me 
in a very Disagreeable Situation, Because a Number of my Company is 
now in Uniform and more preparing to Be so. Should We Be disarmed 
at present, and no probability of getting others, I am Afraid the men 
will Dispose of thmr Clothing. Our Company At all times has Done 
more duty than any other in town, Which can be proved by the Differ- 
ent Lien tenant-Col's Commandants of this City. 

I hope, Sir, you will take the above Bequest into Consideration, And 
your Compliance will very much oblige yours, &c. 

H. Knox, Secretary op War, to the Governor. April I7th 

I have bad the honor to receive your favors of the 7th & 8th instants. War 
and to submit them to the President of the United States. ^^ ™®^ 

The spoliation complained of at Guadaloupe as having been commit- 
ted by the French privateer Preus — to-wit, on the Conyngham — is filed 
among the papers of the like nature, and is, with the rest, in the course 
of being pressed upon the French Minister. 

The application of Mr. Hamilton relatively to the British prisoners on 
parole, has been verbally adjusted between the British Minister and the 
Secretary of State, the particulars of which, however, I am uninformed. 

I have, &c. 

A Lewis to the Governor. April I7th 

I am sorry to inform you that by report on the 6th inst a party of Montgomery 
Indians fell on the Family of a Mr. Livingston, murdered and took the 
whole. They must have been conducted by a white person, the murder 
being done within fifteen miles of Abingdon and a considerable distance 
within the Settlement. 

I am certain if here my men will overtake them if the number is 

large enough to be pursued by their Trails, but am heartily sorry for 

the Loss of the people. Apprehending mischief of this Kind was my 

reason for employing Express, having a Frontier of 150 miles to guard 

with Sixty-Six privates & Eight non-com missioned Officrs, would of 

course leave space sufficient for the Enemy to come in undiscovered. 

In all probability this unhappy affair would not have taken place had 

Capt. ELawkins' Company come into service as directed. 


^j^ •-*.|>!5^iiLt-ii: *^ 



-^.^ i.M^mk** ^ "-rr^i^r ^ -rtv^tCM^ r/ tsi4- -a-sse- c iznis^c te^ 1111311111210x2$ 

fV^ ^^«A^;r^wit iP'rH>kA>/f Vnm !*• iu* 'IT-twitji^ ilIoivt^^ be. nr ^kj "ii Tie, 
;^/y#H^ ;^t^^ ;^«Ait ^^k ^tiwn ur »V' -TfiTR iii*7 Tor IT fflCJi X iiai» ir. in 

^»U ftA i^M^ fA ;».»*i%i^4Mn fJlA T^oFfljt % iriiicii ou^ b^iaiuc: If any of 
^^ </ytvf>V^^^ If ^)M>9, 4ikl'4ii^v^>i^n rnaj ne haiL iyr in lasc znoatb I was 
'0'fihfff ^ Uf*^ mtUm /vf fJli^f T/vwftJt with ft baadtai ot Troopcw I can I 
Mlr^^A ^Af4^ * K^Mr^ la^^/i itt«a. Wttb that amuber I think I can by 
* ^*f*4 ^#f/*K |{^/ i*i<F »A7 /if tb«ir T/>wiiii^ Uke rerenge. and make my 

I am, Ac. 

A^H mi 

Ur r'lt/iCKrrr to thi Govbr5or. 

l/lhhHi*<UtH^¥ "^ *''" r'»f»/»rf h^ iruHf Curid f am afraid it i»;, I am nnhappy to inform 
fmn ti(ffif*\\9*uiiy of iUn munl^r of ibe unfortunate Mrs. Levingston and 
nii^nih\ of |»ur ^tilldrnf) by a prudatory party of seven Indians not more 
lliNO MfiMitfi rntlMM from AMngdon. It in generally believed tbe Indians 
W^f'ii ^ohd(M(li>d Ml tlii> plAOo by a wbite man — it being a considerable 
«lllit^HM<((< WiMtlli tliM fioitlomiint where the mischief was committed; they 
HIM ruphll)^ piirAlUMt atid I am In hopes will severely pay for their cruelty. 
Il U htA(hl,V prnhnhio ihU unfortunate event has happened by Capt. 
MHWkhi'ii (^(MM|iiiiiy not buln^ In service, as it is impossible for two com- 
|iHliU>« I'M iHifHiiir HMtpl^^ prott^oilon to a dangerous Frontier of two bun- 

\ mu ihviHiUirv \\\ hop*** (ho oxtout of tbe Frontier will prevent any 

VMHvH*Viou \»M ihi« vl^jilmuH* of lh«» ottwrn, 

I am» Sir, &c. 

N \y \ m\ \s^YY^ lo lufti^rm your Kxe^eney tbat I have compleated 


TO imE t:»'>Vnt!C<Hu 

-the miaehief iamt mi tte Bww oe Mr lierim^^ux: vit^ii: ilfW»<4t mik^ H»»ipfH » »^- 
of Abin^doA. 

They ladMiup m muei e d otte w^ii^ wcmmh mnc cme M^vft^ c^iki^ f%T«oiK 
ere two wbivt wobmh. ewe bcstt^ «mi and wchmoi ; iliey w«rr »bo hi 
poBflCBwop of & nimber of eiiiidmi — tttudr ^«eiiii|: UH^ Bo«i9(«!^ oit F)v^ ih^y 
set ibe Chiidran mi Libert v. Tber wene iBi«ie4imii^(y |%iiT^;^)ed oi) Ux^ 
Timil ; two otber farue^ poghad on to imke fKiHt^^^oD oi^ ceiTtmin t«mp» 
tkmi in mil probmbiiitr they woaUi pmmij One of thow^ puriiw^ lasm iim4i- 
doned feSl in witb them. &ned on them, killed the white umid Umt con- 
ducted the TndimiiP in, mud one Indimn. Ai the iime the ^re w«» iniide 
both the ofther pmrtiefr of whitee^ were in hemrinf: ot the giiii$< B\* their 
pmfwtng through the StiHie Gmp in Poweir$ mountmin, expect th^y were 
the Soothem TndimnR i onh* wmit tout IBxceltocv^ mnswer h\* 0<4<k 

I mm, i^*. 

P. S. The prisonerB were retmken mil but the ne^ro man whc run off 
with the Indians. Please excuse haste, the Bearer is impatient. 

A. li. 

R, QrA&LSS TO THE GovEKXOR. .Kprll mh 

I received jonrs of the 11th InsU containing a request tor arma, A<^. lUrvnoIci 
I have 8601 you 500 Muskets and Bayonets with 500 cartHiige Boxen 
and 1,000 Flints, the whole of which are well {>ackoii in Su\>ng l^^xen 
and in good order, except the cartridge Boxo^ and thoy are am gt^xl an 
may be expected from the length of sorvico they have Rx|>enenc<Hl. 

It will be well to make it the business of some oiflcerA to attend to 
the arms &c., when they are landed at Richmond, and when the}' ai'e 
distributed care ought to be taken in unlocking the Boxoa to prevent 
the Bayonets being misplaced from their proper muHkets. 

The Boxes in which the Arras, &c., are packet! art> valuable, and 
if they are emptied at Richmond they might with eano be nHurned to 
this place. It was entirely casual my meeting with mo speixiy an oppor- 
tunity to forward the present arms and accoutroments, ami I could wlnh 
in case of my particular call for Military Stores hereafter, that you will, 
if you think proper, vest me with authority to command the Morvice of 
any Boat. William Stalen, who takes charge of the prufieiit Load In 
(when he delivers it at the canal) entitled to five Pounds. The want of 
money put it out of my power to settle with bltn, tboroforo he will 


1794. expect to receive it in Richmond. My not being able to have my ac- 
April 18th counts adjuBted when I was last in Richmond, added to the poverty of 
the Treasury at that time, has subjected the whole of the people in my 
employ to most painful disappointments. The Board thought proper to 
give an order for 1,(K)0 Dol. (being about one-half of my demand; for which 
I received a warrant, and on its presentation to the Treasurer found it 
to be worth less than as much blank Paper as 1 could not get a farthing 
on it. Thus circumstanced, I must beg your interposition to sketch out 
some source from whence the money may be drawn. I have already 
pledged my own credit so far on account of the State in Employing 
different characters in its service that I feel considerable embarrassment 
on my own account, and their distresses are peculiarly .interesting to mo, 
both in an Individual and Public character. 

I have received particular accounts both from Philadelphia and N. 
York respecting the Musket Locks mentioned in your letter. They 
might have been obtained at either place a few months past, but at pre- 
sent they are all engaged on public accouht. I have sent one of my 
soldiers with the arms, and have directed him to call on you for jour 
commands. I will thank — to let me know on his return the state of 
— Treasury and the probable chance of my getting money from thence. 

I have, &c. 

April 18th R. QuARLBs TO Captain Samuel Coleman. 

Barracks ^ herewith send the arms, &c. mentioned in ye letter of the 11th ult. 
They are well packed in strong boxes. You will find on each Box a 
paper tacked to it, the number of muskets it contains. The inclosed I 
wish to receive an answer to. . The scarcity of money with me makes 
it necessary that you should pay the Bearer of this (Mr. Stalen) five 
pounds for transporting the arms, &c. from this place. I send one of 
my soldiers with the Boat, and on his return will thank 3'ou to know 
the chance of having my accounts settled and paid. Enquire of Mr. 
Pendleton it you please, and let me know if he is prepared to adjust 
my accounts. 

I am, &c. 

April 19th Tho8. Chilton to the Governor. 

Fauquier Transmits receipts for executions and venditioni exponas directed to 
Courthouse j,^^ g^ell, late sheriff of Prince William, against Richard Grayham, 


I limTe ikis momest reoMTed voor lettei^ by OoL Bam^t. and aw Mom^nhkvt 

sorry too cioiiipbiii of the expense ot £xpi>K$Sk whkh now rou will j^ee 

the neeeBsiT of bj bit letters dated iwo days (>a$u in which yoa are 

informed d the late mkcrhiet The inhabitants in pursuit of the Indians 

retook xhe jfnsoners and killed two of them. The neist run ott O^pt^ 

Dorton. one of mj scootSL, who was out with a party endeaTounn^t^ to 

head them, fell in with those that run off, being thre« in number, two 

oi which he killed on the Ground ; the other run off mortallv wounded. 

One only escaped without a wound, which he did in the fii^t attacks and 

had not fell in with the rest. 

1 nm, ^^c. 


In porsnance of an order of your Honorable Board I have sent en- 
closed to your Clerk a statement of the cases, now and lately depending, 
on the High Court of Chancery, upon injunctions to stay the sales of 
property escheated to the Commonwealth. I should therewith to hare 
sent a bill of the costs thereof; but I could not discover fVom the table 
of fees an allowance for such services, and to have charged and received 
what is allowed by law for transcribing only, would by no moans have 
compensated for my trouble. In order that an allowance proportionate 
to the service may be made, it is necessary to make known the mode 
that I was compelled to adopt in order to accomplish it: Not knowing 
the names of the individuals who had filed bills (their cases being en- 
tered as other causes and no ways distinguished therefrom), I was 
obliged to look leaf by leaf over the order books and some of the dock, 
etts in order to that discovery. After taking a list of the cases I had 
then to collect the papers and peruse the bills in every one of them so 
as to be enabled to state the object of the suits, which otherwise did not 
appear, from which it necessarily follows that it must have taken some 
time exclusive of the writing. Upon the whole it will be readily dis* 
covered that an allowance, as for transcribing only, would not be rea- 
sonable compensation. 

I am, &c. 

Arthur Campbell, Commanding Western Militia, to the Governor. April 21it 

The papers inclosed will inform your Excellency of the mischief done Washington 
by the Indians in this county on the 6th instant, and the fortunate 
relief of the prisoners three days afterwards. 


17M. Aliho' this success lessens the apprehensions of the Inhabitants on 

ApfO 21flt account of so troablesome an enemy as Bench being killed^ yet from the 
declared intention of the Chickamogga party of the Cherokees to go to 
war, and their actually having lately 200 warriors out in small parties, 
the western settlement of this county and the adjoining settlement in 
Lee talk of moving off if there is not some protection by government 
afforded them. 

A party ot twenty men may be sufficient, as none but small parties 
advance to those parts, and these need not be in service longer than 
four months. If the ezpence should be thought too great to have this 
additional corps, there is reason to believe that six men employed as 
scouts to range the adjoining craggy mountain, would lessen the appre- 
hensions of the people and tend to their safety, provided a proportion 
of the militia of the adjacent companys are in readiness to march on the 
shortest notice in case of an enemy being discovered. The scalp of 
Capt. Bench I have been requested to forward to your Excellency, as a 
proof that he is no more and of the activity and good conduct of Lieu- 
tenant Hobbs in killing him & relieving the prisoners. Could it be 
spared from onr Treasury, I would beg leave to hint that a present of a 
neat rifle to Mr. Hobbs would be accepted as a reward for his late ser- 
vice, and the Executive may rest assured it will serve as a stimulus to 
future exertions against the enemy. 

It is with reluctance that I now send forward these by Express, guess- 
ing that money is not plenty in the Treasury. But the opinion of the 
Brigadier of the District, with several other officers, urges me to the 
measure, and nothing less will satisfy the Inhabitants. The volunteer 
companies are not yet complete, nor are they considered this year as 
composed of men suitable to the service required — as a dislike to the 
service has taken place, so that good riflemen and good woodsmen gen- 
erally refuse to engage as soldiers. 

The situation of the Inhabitants might be bettered were the care of 
defending the frontier entrusted with the commanding officer of the 
District. He could act according to orders as well as Capt. Lewis; 
would be near in case of an attack, and his services could be obtained 
without the charge of a Single dollar. 

I am, &c. 

April 2l8t ^' P®'^<ll©ton, auditor, prays for remission of a fine imposed erro- 
neously on Sam'l Clayton, sheriff of Culpeper. 

April 21. Rec'd by John Putoff 's wagon two Boxes containing 87 moi« 
kets — put in Capitol. 


April 22. Of Sam'l Swan's Dray, 73 muskets in two Boxes, Do. 1794. 

Of Putoff 's waggon two Boxes, 83 muskets — A large Box sup- 
posed full of Cartridge Boxes. 

Two Boxes muskets — quantity, 75; Two Boxes Cartridge 
Boxes, By Putoff; and a small Box of flints. 

Two Boxes muskets — quantity 72; By Sam'l Swan's Dray. 
Driver's name Isaac. 

Two Boxes — qu'y 70 muskets; By Mr. Burgess Dray. 

1 Box muskets — q'y 40, and two Boxes of Cartridge Boxes ; 
Putoff 's wagon. 


Benjamin Du Val to the Governor. April 23d 

Having the command of a company of Militia in this city conferred Richmond 
on me, anxious to discharge the duties of my office with all possible 
diligence, and sensible of the necessity of arms to teach men the use of 
them, lead me to make application to your Excellency to be furnished 
with Fifty muskets, Bayonets and Cartridge Boxes as the circumstances 
of my men does not allow of their furnishing themselves. 

I have, &c. 

Wm. Patton to the Governor. April 24th 

Yoar favour of the 13th of March I have the honor to acknowledge Pendleton 
the receipt of a few days ago. But am not able at present to recom- county 
mend to the Executive any proper persons to fill the office of Collector 
in the several counties you have mentioned, the distance to some of 
them being considerable. However, I will use every means in my 
power to have it done as soon as possible. I have been informed that 
my Bond with some other papers to the Executive have been delayed a 
long time on the way to Bichmond, which, together with the lateness 
of our first Court after my appointment, has prevented my entering on 
the Execution of my office a much longer time than I could have wished, 
tor which I hope the Executive will make a proper allowance. 

I have, &c. 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer appointed and held for King and 
Qaeen County at the Courthouse, on Thursday, the 24th of April, 1794, 
for the trial of Essex, a negro man slave, the proper slave of Thomas 
Spencer, of the County aforesaid, on suspicion of Felony: 


1794. PreseDt: Larinn Smith, William Fleet, Richard Brooke, William 

Ai^l 24th Coartney, k William Roane, Gent'n Justices. 

Benjamin Dabney, deputy attorney for the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia, comes into Court and filed an Information that Essex, a negro 
man slave, the proper slave of Thomas Spencer, of the county aforesaid, 
did, on the eleventh day of April, in the year 1794, in the county of 
King and Queen, feloniously and with ill intent prepare and exhibit 
certain medicine to be given k administered to George Turner, of the 
county of Caroline. 

Whereupon, the said Essex, the prisoner, being thereof arraigned, 
pleaded not guilty, and thereupon Frederick Noel and Thomas Butler 
being sworn, and Isaac and Nan. negro slaves belonging to Richard H. 
Corbin, being sworn, and on hearing as well the evidence of the said 
Frederick Noel and Thomas Butler, and Isaac k Nan. as the said Ben- 
jamin Babney, deputy attorney, and James Webb, attorney for the said 
Essex, the prisoner, and the evidence and arguments of the attomies 
being maturely considered, it was the opinion of the court that the 
said Essex is guilty, as in the information is charged. Therefore it is 
considered by the court that the said Essex, the prisoner, be hanged on 
the lOtb day of June next. 

The court do value the said negro man Essex to forty-one pounds, ten 
shillings, which is ordered to be certified to the Auditor of public ac- 



April 25th HeKRT BaXKS TO LlEirTBXA:iT-6oVERNOR WoOD. 

itM4>i«ypMi Begs to exchange thirty muskets unfit tor service for good ones for 
company of Grenadiers. 

April 25ch J. Marshall to Jambs Wood, Liectexakt-Ooverxor. 

RicluDQiid I RiR requested by several of the militia officers of this city to aid 
them in an application to the Executive for arms for their several com- 

In support of this application. I beg leave to observe that the posses- 
sion of arms conduces exceedingly to the improvement of troops in the 
usual evolutions, and that it is hoped and believed that the public could 
sustain neither inconvenience or loss from placing muskets in the bands 
of the militia ot this place^ as they can with great ease be re-collected 
should the occasion reqnii« it. and as then is every reason to betisva 
that they would be kept safe and in good order. 

1 kave. 4e. 



It 18 advised that no arms be furQished to any company of Militia in 1794. 
Towns unless they be in uniform. * April 25th 

That Captain Richardson of this city be furnished out of the arms In Council 
lately brought from the Point of Fork, with 72 stand on his returning 
the arms he now has in good order. 

That 144 stand be furnished to the commanding officer of Chester- 
field for the use of his militia. 

That 72 stand be furnished to Capt. Giles of this city. 

That 72 stand be furnished to Captain Thornton's Light Infantry 
Company in Fredericksburg. 

That 72 stand be furnished to Capt. Whitegar L. I company of P. 
Greorge Militia. 

That Capt. Bowler of this city be called upon to return in good order 
the surplus arms in his hands; and 

That Capt. Coleman be directed to take receipts of the officers re- 
ceiving such arms, making themselves answerable for their safe return 
in good order when called for by the Executive, and to keep an account 
of the arms so delivered, and file the receipts given for the same in 
his office. 

Extract from minutes. 

A. BLAIR, C. C. 

A Return of all the ordnance in Richmond and vicinity. 

5 18 lbs. Double fortified in Richmond, 3 piked with Iron. 
1 18 Do. 2 miles out of town at Curries. 


18 Unfit for service. 

4 Short Brass Manchester Carriages, unfit for service. 

5 Brass Carriages, unfit for service. 
B } inch Morter. 
B i inch Shells. 

400 lbs. of Musket Balls. 
3 Bars of Lead. 
2,000 different sizvd cannon Balls. 
5 4-double fortified Ship Guns. 



April 26th 

Wm. Davibs to the GoVbrnor. 

The opinions of the Attorney-General & of the Auditor were not so 

clear as to be readily understood either by myself or those with whom 

I have consulted. If I am right, however, in my apprehension, three 

months at least most intervene between the levying of an execution 

upon lands, agreeably to the Attorney's opinion, and the day of sale. 


April 26th 


1794. It is therefore impossible to execate the venditionas before the return 
April 26th day, even if they had been delivered to the Sheriffs the day I received 
them. I have, however, fixed upon the latter weeks of May and the 
first of June for the times of sale, principally with a view by fixing 
such late days of obtaining such information by that time from your 
Excellency as may justify my proceeding, as otherwise I shall not ven- 
ture to do contrary to the advice of the Attorney as I have understood 

Will it not be best to recall the venditiones and to issue others return- 
able to a later court than that of June if it be not so done ? I fear the 
present process will be nugatory. 

With respect to HoUiman, I am at a loss to determine whether it is the 
opinion of the Attorney, that the present High Sheriff should execute 
the process, or that it is an unprovided case, and cannot be executed at 
all. I shall therefore return the process, and as soon as some person 
qualifies as his ex'or or adm'or I shall inform the Auditor. No person 
as yet will undertake to collect in Isle of Wight. The present sheriff 
informs me if the collection is postponed till the fall, he believes it may 
be made, but not otherwise. Of this some assurance seems to be re- 
quested, notifying at the same time that no indulgence will then be 

I beg your Excellency's attention to the proceeding, and hope for 
such directions as will enable me to accomplish the object of my ap- 
pointment in the speediest manner. 

I have, &c. 

Received of Samuel Coleman seventy-two stand of public arms for 
the militia of the county of Prince George, which I promise to return 
on the requisition of the Executive in good order, or bind myself, my 
heirs, executors, or administrators to pay to the Governor, Henry Lee, 
Esq., or his successor, for such of said arms as may not be so returned. 
Given under my hand at Richmond, this 26th day of April, 1794. 


Lt. of L. M. T. Comply P. G. 


April 26th Receipt of Wm. Giles for arms and accoutrements for his company of 
militia, and obligation to return the same when called tor. 

April 26th Memorandum of distances travelled, Express, by Richard Young, con- 
veying notices of the Embargo to various county officers: 

From Richmond to New Castle, 20 miles; King William, to Frasier'e 
Perry, 20; King & Queen, to Col. Young's, 12; King & Queen, to Kingft 


Queen Ct. Honse, 14; King k Queen, to Wood's Tavern, 26; Gloster, to 17W. 
Col. Baytop's, 7; Mathews, to Dudley Carey's, 12; Middlesex, to Wm. April 26th 
Smith's, 32; Lancaster, to Col. Towles', 13; Northumberland, to Col. 
Edwards', 45; Richmond, to Richmond Ct. House, 30; Richmond, to 
meet Mr. Mason, 5; Westmoreland, to Westmoreland Ct. House, 16; 
Westmoreland, to Capt. Hungerford's, 15; King George, to Col. Talia- 
ferro's, 30; Stafford, to Stafford Ct. House, 18; Stafford, to Col. Brent's, 
5; Fredericksburg, to Fredericksburg, 17; to Minor's, 12; Caroline, to 
Caroline Ct. House, 15; Essex, to Col. Warren's, 37; to Richmond, 62. 
ToUl, 463 miles. 

Receipts of county officers given Richard Mason for notices sent by 
Lieut.-Governor Wood (by Express) of the resolution of Congress 
laying an Embargo for thirty days on vessels bound to foreign ports: 

King George, John Tayloe, of Mt. Airy; King George, John Talia- 
ferro; Northumberland, Griffin Edwards; Lancaster, Henry Towles; 

, Ph. Johnston; Mathews, Dudley Carey; King & Queen, H. 

Young; Middlesex, Maurice Smith; Spotsylvania, Thomas Minor; 
Westmoreland, H. Hungerfbrd; Essex, William Waring; Gloster, James 
Bay top; Stafford, William Brent. 

H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. April 28th 

1 have the honor to receive your favor of the 14th instant. War 

In order to save time in the arranging the accounts of Virginia, a ®^ ^^^ 
rule was adopted with respect to them, and the accountant ordered to 
proceed to an adjustment. 

This was considered as preferable to the sending to the Auditor of 
Virginia for explanations upon points and objects of no great impor- 
tance even if obtained, although the accountant, governed by rules and 
forms, might have been unwilling to have departed therefrom. 

He assures me that the balance will be ascertained in a few days. 
The manner in which the accounts have been forwarded, without pay- 
rolls or abstracts, have occasioned him no small embarrassment. 

I have, &c. 

Arthur Campbell to the Governor. April 29th 

Last week, by Mr. Spiers from Kentucky, I forwarded to your Excel- Washington 
lency by way of Staunton, an account of the murder and robbery done 
by the Indians in this county on the 6th instant at Mr. Levingstone's, 
together with the success of our people who pursued the enemy. 


1794. By the return of the bearer, who goes by Express from Governor Blount, 

April 29th the Executive will have an opportunity to forward such answer as may 
be thought proper, which we will be anxious for, as the still more recent 
murders of the Indians in the S. Western Territory, and near Cumber- 
land Gap on the Kentucky road, show the perseverance of the lower 
Cherokees in continuing hostilities. 

But what adds to our danger is the accounts from General Wayne's 
Army, that the whole of the Northern Tribes, aided by the British, are 
disposed for war. 

I now send the scalp of Captain Bench, that noted murderer, as re- 
quested by Lieut. Hobbs, to your Excellency, as a proof that he is no 

I am Sir, &c. 


Dinwiddle A number of respectable citizens of Petersburg have formed them- 
selves into a voluntary Troop of horse, which they wish shoujd be known 
and distinguished by the name of the '< Petersburg Yolunteer Troop of 

They are determined to be conformable to the Laws and orders of the 
commander of the Brigade. They will equip themselves at their own 
expense and will be immediately ready for service should they meet 
with your approbation and of the Council. 

They have chosen their officers which are unexceptionable and very 
good men, and I am convinced should we be involved in a war that the 
officers and men of this Troop will distinguish themselves as good sol- 
diers and friends to the country. 

I should be exceedingly pleased if they could be commissioned and 
annexed to my Brigade. 

The officers are as follows: John Jeffries, Captain; John Brown, first 
Lieutenant; Richard Bate, Second Lieutenant, and Hugh Hunter, Cornet. 

This will be handed you by Mr. John Jeffries. 

I am, &c. 

April 29th John Fitzgerald to the Governor. 

Alexandria ^ a^ honored by the receipt of your letter of the 19th Inst., respect- 
ing the works contemplated for the defence of this place, which shall be 
strictly complied with, and due information of the Progress shall be 
regularly transmitted to yo^, The Engineer has not as yet made hia 
appearance, however* 


Colo. Darke, to whom the Poto. Company is largely indebted as Com- 1794. 
missary, goes down with an order from the Treasurer for the last call due April 29th 
by this State in this business. 1 must entreat your kind assistance to 
him, and earnestly request that he may not be disappointed, as it would 
be extremely injurious to the works, & he goes down on this special 

The Legislature of Maryland refusing to pass a Law similar to the 
one passed in this State, by which we might be enabled to sell the 
Shares of Delinquents, distresses the Directors exceedingly. I there- 
fore flatter myself that you will, on this occasion, exert yourself for our 

I have, &c. 

John Cropper, Jr., to the Governor. May 2d 

I received the commands of the Lieut.- Govern or, dated 31st of March, 
enclosing the Embargo resolution of the 26th of the same month, direct- 
ing me to eniorce the prompt execution of the said resolve by the aid of 
the militia in all cases where the same might be necessary; but there 
was no attempt within reach of my authority to violate the embargo 
then existing, and of course the interposition of the Militia was unne- 

On the 28th of April I again received a letter frem the Lieut-Gover- 
nor, dated the 21st of the same month, enclosing the resolutions for con- 
tinuation of the Embargo until the 25th of May, desiring me to give 
the aid of the Militia if it should be wanted. 

On the day of the receipt of my last orders, I received information 
from the Collector of this District, that he had cleared two vessels be- 
tween the expiration of the first Embargo and his information of the 
second — the Franklin, a schooner of 50 tons, built and owned in this 
county, and the Neutrality, a Brigantine, also built and owned here, of 166 
tons. In the morning of the 29th of April I sent John Blackstone with 
six armed men in a boat to Metompkin Inlet, where he took possession 
of the Franklin as she was towing to pass the bar to sea, and in the 
evening he, in obedience to his orders, brought me her papers, which 
would prevent her proceeding on her voyage. Next morning, the 30th 
of April, I ordered Captain John Moore to take twelve armed men and 
a boat, and go to Assawaman Inlet, 15 miles north of Metompkin, and 
there take possession of the Neutrality, where I was informed she lay 
with only one-third of her cargo aboard. 

Captain Moore, after being gone from me two or three hours, returned 
to the Courthouse (it being court day) and assured me that the Brigan- 
tine was at sea, standing for Metompkin Inlet, where she was to receive 
the remainder of her cargo. Soon after the return of Moore, John 


1794. Wharton, owner of the Brigantine, arrived at the Courthouse, and I 
May 2d spoke to him upon the subject of his vessel. He told me that he con- 
ceived that I had no right to meddle with her as she was at sea, and 
that he intended she should remain without the bar of Metorapkin and 
take in the balance of her load. I informed Mr. Wharton that I thought 
myself authorized to go to sea with the Militia after bis vessel and in 
duty bound to do so, but upon his complaining of my opinion as a sen- 
timent of oppression, I called upon Evans & Wise, delegates of Acco- 
mac and of legal profession, for their opinion, which coincided with my 
own; whereupon 1 begged Mr. Wharton to deliver me his vessePs pa- 
pers (which were in his possession) and save the militia the fatigue, ex- 
pence, and loss of time which must attend our taking her by force, but 
he refused and said she had orders to defend herself and that we could 
not take her. 

As soon as I received this reply, I called out three officers and 28 men, 
had them expeditiously equipped and provided with boats, put myself 
at the head of them, and embarked at eleven o'clock the same night, 
proceeded to Metompkin Inlet, and at the dawn of day put to sea with 
my 4 boats, and took the Brigantine by surprise some time before sun- 
rise ; then we placed our boats ahead and towed her into the harbour. At 
nine o'clock I discharged the militia, except one man, Beverley Copes, 
whom I ordered to remain in charge of the vessel until her papers should 
be delivered, which was done last evening. 

While I was collecting the men for this expedition at the Courthouse, 
a young man of this county, of the name of Samuel Peck, addressed 
himself to the men who were summoned to go, and attempted to dis- 
suade them from their duty. As soon as I discovered it, I ordered him 
out, but he refused publicly to obey me, and 1 considered it impolitic to 
carry him in confinement. 

I shall be very glad to have the directions of the Executive concern- 
ing this man. He is a young man of general good character, and not 
of course without influence, and the people consider the determination 
of his case as the rule by which they are to be guided in doing militia 

Some little expence was incurred upon those expeditions. I don't 
know how it will be paid. I will thank you, sir, to inform me. 

I have, &c. 

May 2d J- Pendleton TO Jas. Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Auditor's ^ have examined the Law respecting the doubt stated by Agent 

oflSce Clarke in his letter to the Governor, and confess I am not able to 

expound the meaning of the last member in the 6th Section of the Act; 

the first section seems to contain all the essential regulations relative to. 


the time and manner of making sale of property purohased by the 1794. 
Agent. Possibly the Legislature might intend that where slaves and May 2d 
live stock were purchased, the Executive should have power to direct 
them to be sold within a shorter period than two months to save expence 
and avoid risque, but the first section would appear to convey that dis- 
cretion to the agent. 

The language of the laws so frequently puzzle and passes my com- 
prehension that I hazard a construction of them with the most timid 

I am, &c. 

Enclosed in the above is the following letter: 

Campbell, April 13, '94. 
To the Governor: 

By Mr. Richardson, I have rec*d sundry Papers, & on 
examining of them I think there is an omission. I hope you will par- 
don me in pointing it out; it is this: In the sixth sexion of the act 
appointing of the agents, it is there said that the Executive are to 
direct in what manner the agent is to sell, & this is not Dun on the 
papers that I have Red. If I proseed, will it be Legal? By the post 
To Lynchburg or New London, If you think proper, I may here from 
you. Knot, I shall proseed. 

I am, &c., 


Wm. C. Williams, agent for Sevbnth Brigade, to the Gover- May 2d 


Having been appointed by the Executive the agent for the seventh 
Brigade, I consider it my duty to lay before tbe board a business which 
I must submit to them, whether it comes within the duties of my office. 
In the years eighty-five and six, during the period when the taxable 
property was taken by the magistrates in the county of Augusta, there 
were many who failed to give in their lists, and the deputy sheriffs of 
that county collected the money for the taxes according on their prop- 
erty, which they ought to have returned to the county court, and ac 
counted with the public, for which they have failed to do. They have 
also returned (as I have been informed) persons as delinquent whose 
names were not on the books of those years, whereby the Common- 
wealth bath been deprived of a very considerable sum. The fraud as 
to tbe former, I presume, can only be detected by appointing some per- 
son to collect the receipts from the holders of them, and there is a Mr. 
Bell of that county, who hath offered to do this business for ten per 
centum on what may be collected (as I have been informed) which is 


1794. the eommimion. If it ia properly my doty to attend to this business. 
May 2d the law allows me. This sum I will cheerfblly relinqaish to him. 

Bat as I suppose a snit must be instituted for the recovery of this 
money, Cooncil mast be employed. I must therefore beg leave to sab- 
mit it to the board, whether they will not employ one or furnish me 
with money for the purpose (the former perhaps would be tbe most eli- 
gible), and authorize my employing Mr. Bell to procure the vouchers. 
My exertions in this business shall be for tbe recovery of the money. 

I am. &c. 

May 2d Memorial of Book-bhtdbrs. 

Thomas Brend and Archibald Carrie, Bookbinders of the City of Rich- 
mond, Respectfully sheweth — 

That your Memorialists having been applied to by Mr. Augustine 
Davis, Printer, to bind the volumes of the Laws which he is at present 
printing for the Commonwealth, they beg leave to submit the following 
terms, accompanied with specimens, to your Excellency's consideration, 
the said terms being estimated at such a low rate as to admit of a very 
moderate profit to your Memorialist. 

That the specimen No. 1 is bound in Calf-skin in the manner of the 
last Code of Laws printed by Messrs. Purdie & Dixon, who had ten 
shillings pr. Volume for binding them, and although every material is at 
least 35 or 40 pr. cent dearer at present than at that time, your memo- 
rialists would engage to bind the present volume at the same price. 

That the specimen No. 2 is bound in strong sheep skin, and would be 
eight shillings pr. volume. No. 3 is in half binding, the price of which 
would be six shillings and six pence. 

That with respect to capability and fidelity in the execution of the 
jiaid business, your Memorialists will, if requisite, produce ample testi- 
mony of tbe former, and security for the latter. 

Tour memorialists respectfully beg leave further to add, that if the 
business could be speedily concluded on, it would relieve Mr. Davis from 
a groat inconvionce in having a considerable number of printed sheets 
on hand, which, if delivered to the binders as soon as printed, might be 
put into a state of preparation before tbe printing of the last sheet by 
which moans the business would also be in a great state of forwardness. 

May 2d ^^ ^ Court held for King and Queen County at the Courthouse on 
Monday, the 14th of April, 1794 : 

Ordered, That it bo certified to his Excellency Henry Lee, Esq., Gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, that Christopher Stedman, Jr., 


who W2B at a Court held for this County the 10th day of September, 1794. 
1792, recommended as a proper person to be commissioned inspector of May 3d 
Tobacco at Shepherd's Warehouse has removed from this County. 

Teste : 


At a Court held for King and Queen County Monday, the 10th day 
of September, 1792: 

The Court do recommend to his Excellency Henry Lee, Esq., Gover- 
nor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, John Kidd, Edward Spencer, 
Christopher Stedman, Jr., and John Webley as proper persons to be 
commissioned inspectors of Tobacco at Shepherd*s warehouse. 

A Copy — Teste: 


At a Court held for King & Queen County at the Courthouse on Mon- 
day, the 14th of April, 1794 : 

Present. — Anderson Scott, William Fleet, Anthony Oardner, William 
Courtney, John W. Semple, Thomas C. Martin, William Roane, Philip 
Pendleton, John Wedderbum, and John Hoskins, Gentlemen Justices. 

The court do recommend to his Excellency Henry Lee, Esq., Gover- 
nor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, Henry Young, Humphrey Wal- 
ker, Samuel G. Fauntleroy, Robert Hoskins, William Shackelford, and 
Beverley Roy, Gentlemen, as proper persons to be added to the commis- 
sion of the peace for this county. 

A Copy — Teste: 


State of Commission of the peace for King & Queen County 14th 
April, 1794 : 

Declined Acting. — William Lyne, Thomas Coleman, Thomas Roane, 
Philip Taliaferro, James Pendleton, Lyne, Shackelford, Jr. 

Dead. — Thos. Row, William Richards, Henry Todd, Henry Gaines, 
Richard Anderson, Christopher Harwood, William Harwood, James T. 

Not qualified. — Thos. Hill, John Garlick, Rob. Price, Thos. Fauntle- 
roy, Rhoderick Starling, William Lyne, Jr., Chaney Gatewood, Charles, 
Hutchason, Phil. Bird. 

Acting. — Anderson Scott, Larkin Smith, William Fleet, Anthony 
Gardner, Richard Brooke, William Courtney, J. W. Semple, Thomas C. 
Martin, Wm. Roane, Philip Pendleton, John Wedderburn, John Hos- 

Bdward Hill from his ill state of health wishes to decline business. 

WiUiam Dudley is sheriff. John Kidd not in Commission. 



17M. M06BS Mass to the Gove&sok. 

Mar 4ih In coDseqoeoee of two stations being lately formed on the Ohio and 
^Point Kenawba. about nine miles ^m this place. I have thought it highly 
necessary, and bai. with the advice and consent of Colo. Lewis, sent six 
men for the protection of each post, which gives great satisfaction and 
secority to the Inhabitants at the Point, and hopes it will meet with 
yoar Excellency's approbation. 

With respect to my Instmctions ^m the Hon^ble John Steel for 
nin€|^y>three, in keeping eighteen men constantly in the woods, it is 
totally oat of power to comply with, as I have not a sufficient number 
of men at this place. 

Lieut. Van bibber I have thought neoessaiy to send to Belville with a 
detachment of sixteen men, and the twelve men I have sent to these 
adjacent poets on the Ohio and Kanawha, leaves but twenty men at the 
Point. For any information respecting the depredations committed by 
the Indians I refer you to Colo. Lewis's letter. 

It is my opinion, together with Colo. Lewis', that an augmentatioD 
of troops at these posts would be highly neeessary. 

I have, Ac 

Ifiay^h BoBBRT Brooke to ths GovBRNoa. 

In pursuance of the Instructions you have honored me with, I 
directed the Escbeator of Shenandoah to have a jury convened on the 
12th of April last, to enquire into the Title of the Commonwealth to 
that part of tbo Manor of Leeds which lies in bis county, and set out io 
order to attend him on that day, but after having progressed consider- 
ably on my journey, I was so long detained on the Road by the heavy 
Rains, and a sudden Indisposition in consequence of getting extremely 
wet, that I could not arrive in Time to effect the business on the day 
appointed, which was then postponed on account of my absence. 

On my return home, I immediately wrote the Escbeator that I would 
attend him on the twentieth of June, and requested that he would be 
prepared on that day to proceed on the Business, but I have since been 
informed that in consequence of the miscarriage of my Letter, he has 
taken bis inquest, and as the Jury have found for the Commonwealth, 
I hope no inconvenience will accrue from my absence, as I expect the 
inquisition is regularly drawn. 

On the 19th of last month, I attended the Escbeator of Fauquier, 

when a Jury was impannelled to inquire into the right of the Common* 

wealth to the Part of the Manor of Leeds lying in that county, but 

^ they found no Inquest, being divided-^IoTen for the Commonwealth 



%nd ^re againat her. In consequence of this, I requested the Bsoheator 
to convene another Jury on the twenty-fifth of June to take the Buni- 
uess again under consideration, and when I shall again attend. 

The Inquisition taken in Frederick on the 19th of February last has 
been superceeded and quashed by the District Court at Winchester, 
and as I suppose it to. be the wish of the Executive to have the whole 
of this Business terminated as soon as possible, I have written to the 
Executor* in that county to convene a Jury for that purpose on the 
first or second of July next, where I shall again attend, and shall from 
time to time take the Liberty of communicating to you the result of 
my efforts in executing that part of the Business which is intrusted to 
me, and Am, &c. 

May 4th 

Thomas Lewis to thb Governor. 

I have the honor to transmit to your Excellency a Return of the men 
for the Winter establishment at Belville, and also a certificate for the 
Spiea at this place. 

There is two new Settlements lately formed, each about nine miles 
from this place, one on the Ohio, the other on the Kanawha. Captain 
Mann thought it necessary to allow to each of these stations six men, 
and hopes it will meet with your Excellency's approbation. It has re- 
duced the number considerably, he was ordered for the protection of 
the point, but it appears to be a great safe guard to us to have men at 
such advantageous posts, also in settling the country. 

There is but twenty men now at this place, which renders it impossi- 
ble for Captain Mann to perform the duty required of them by Oovern- 

On the 23d of last month, the Indians, supposed to be about thirty in 
number, attacked a Plase about fourteen miles above Belville — killed 
foor and took three prisoners. About three weeks ago, they fired on a 
boat somewhere about the mouth of Scioto and killed one man. I am 
also informed by people passing up the Ohio, that about eight or ten 
days ago, there has been at least fifty Indians crossed the Kiver to this 
side between the two Sundays. I look on it absolutely necessary that 
thoee two posts should be augmented, which can't be done without the 
Executive gives Lieut. Mann orders to enlist more men. 

I am, Ac. 

May 4th 


Benjamik Temple to the Govebhor. May 5th 

This will be handed you by Mr. Elliott the Gen't I have appointed to King 
me in the collection of the taxes. William 

*EBcheator probably meant. 



1794. He will inform yoa the situation of the business which has come to 

May 5th my hands, and receive any instructions which may be thought proper 
to be given respecting it. Mr. Elliott having been Sheriff for some 
years past in this county, can give you information respecting the mort- 
gages which cover Colo. Richerson's Estate, abstracts of which I left 
with Colo. Goode when I was last at Richmond, and requested him to 
lay them before the Executive, that they might have no dificulty in de- 
termining what steps should be taken respecting them. 

I have, &c. 

May 5th 



1 have the honor to receive your letter dated this day. 

The Captain of the Concorde has not found the prizes in question, 
nor does he more than myself know that they are gone to Baltimore. 

The English Brig which your Excellency has been told was is not 

Accept my respects. 


May 6th 


Robert Borland to Dr. James Taylor. 

I hope you will not forget speaking to the Governor about the Hos- 
pital and the distresses it has brought upon me. 

My Creditors are now getting so exasperated at me that they will 
wait no longer, but lay hold of everything I have in the world, without 
I show them some way that they may be paid soon. Should they pro- 
ceed with these steps, I shall be entirely ruined and put on charity with 
my family. When the Governor knows this to be my real situation, he 
will certainly feel for me, and I trust will do everything in his power 
for my Interest and relief. I waited on the French Consul respecting 
the Plank that they have been cutting up, but he would give me no sat- 
isfaction about it; indeed he seemed to be offended at my troubling him 
on such business. 

I am, &c. 

May 6th 


Petition to the Governor of Virginia and the Honorable thb 

Members of the Privy Council. 

The petition of William Tate, of the county of Washington, for the 
remission of a fine for non-attendance as a juror on District Court of 
Washington County, October, 1791. 



Thb Petition op thb Inhabitants of King and Qubbn County 1794. 
TO thb Honorablb Qovbrnor and Council, Maymh 

Against allowiDg Pittmao Wiatt to become a pensioner. 

J. Holcombb to the Governor. 

Petition for the pardon of Thomas Murry, condemned to be hung by 
the District Court at Prince Edward for horse stealing. 

May 7th 

John Hamilton to the Governor. 

I now enclose you the deposition of Andrew Machie and Thomas 
Mayo, the one Master, and the other seaman ot the Brigantine Ann of 
Kingston, sworn to before Thomas Griffin, Esqr., Mayor of York, rela- 
tive to an insult and outrage committed by certain citizens of the United 
States at Torktown in this State, on the British Flag, and in violation 
of Neutrality, Decency and respect. 

I think it my duty to state this to your Excellency as Governor of 
this State, in order that the perpetrations of such an outrage may be 
prosecuted according to Law. I must also state to your Excellency, 
that the Armed Ship Chickamague, America built and equiped in this 
State, is about to proceed to sea, contrary to the regulations of the 
President. I know it is only necessary for you to be informed of this 
Circumstance, when proper steps will be pursued by your Excellency 
to prevent her departure or any other vessel within your Government 
under a similar situation. 

With Sentiments of the highest Esteem and Eespect, 

I have, &c. 

May 7th 




Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

May 8th 

In the days of republicanism, it seems to be an extraordinary situa- Washington 
Uon for a citizen to be accused, and not to have it in his power to con- 
front the accusor, nor the Witnesses, if any. That is, in order to mani- 
fest bis innocence to the World, be must prove a negative. However, 
it is a consolation that truth and innocence, is of such a nature that the 
more they are scrutinized and examined they will appear to advantage. 

Captain Lewis has wrote, that he believes I could not have received 
less than between 200 and 300 dollars for excusing militia Drafts. A 
base transaction, truly, if the fact had ever existed. He ought to have 


1794. said at what time, or in what place, and of whom. He has bad the best 
May 8th opportunity of any man to know, having commanded on the frontiers 
for more than two years, where it is well known pecuniary mistakes of 
any kind are always loudly published. I could oppose my assertion to 
his with confidence & truth, That his charges is malicious and ground- 
less, and that I believe he knew them to be so at the time he pened 
them. However, I will endeavour, for the satisfaction of the Executive, 
to add such further proofs and arguments as may occur, and the cir- 
cumstances of the case admit. 

1. Had I received any money from the Militia men to excuse them 
from a draft, is there not a strong presumption that some one of them 
would have divulged the matter to the Court martial? Of course public 
mention would have been made of it and the crime become notorious. 

2. Captain Lewis ought to have fabricated the calumny with more 
probability in order to be believed in this part of the State. For the 
uniform mode for several years past in such cases are for the Captains 
to return the list of Delinquents to the Court, and they explain the 
cause of delinquency, and on their evidence, with what the delinquent 
has to offer, he is either fined or excused. 

This Captain Bo wen did in the cases of John Irons and David Young, 
as already evidenced in a document sent to the Executive. Toung was 
excused on account of inability to serve from a hurt received in his eye. 
Irons, because he procured a substitute, which appeared to have faith- 
fully served in his stead by a return of Lieut. Willougbby then pro- 
duced. Both cases was inquired into strictly, and Young would have 
been fined bad not his Captain on oath declared he thought he was in- 
capable of service at the time. Now it is obvious that there ought to 
have been a combination between the county Lieutenant and the 
> Captains, in order to succeed in receiving Two or Three hundred doUarB, 

or any other sum of money as bribes, a thing not supposible. 

3. If Captain Lewis had believed such a vile transaction had taken 
place, ought he not as a watchful guardian of his country's interest, set 
on foot a scrutiny on a certain and obvious plan. First, have made ap- 
plication to the Clerk of the Court Martial for his deposition, and the 
copys of necessary vouchers, and formed thereon a regular charge in 
writing, and transmitted the same to the Executive, pledging himsell 
that he would openly prosecute the same with effect before any consti- 
tutional tribunal. But, instead of this laudible and honorable mode, we 
hear of him making enquiry at every insignificant characters, nohow 
famed for their truth and honor or love for their country in a trying 
time ; writing letters to the Governor from their suggestions, or to gratify 
his own malevolence, sometimes saying one thing, at another contradict- 
ing himself — a conduct much beneath what might be expected from the 
son of a patriot. 

The conduct of the commanding officer of the Washington Militia was 
simply this: He received his orders from the Governor in RosseU conii- 


ty, shortly afterwards give conformable orders to the Captains to fur- 1794. 
nish Drafls to compleat Lieut. Willoughby's command. Some days May 8th 
afterwards received a few lines from the Governor, dated in Wythe 
county, mentioning that, if practicable, to engage men voluntarily for 
the whole time, as monthly Drafts was most expensive. This was com- 
municated to Lieut. Willoughby ; A Court Martial was ordered on the 
delinquent Militia men, which sat, proceeded on business with delibera- 
tion, and rather with unusual strictness, as all seemed impressed with 
the necessity of the service. 

For my own part I can solemnly affirm that neither in the late nor 
no other occasion for twenty years past that I have commanded the 
militia on Holstein, that I received a single dollar in the way Captain 
Lewis has alleged. The idea was new to me when I received a copy of 
his letter. And now believe if he abhorred that kind of profit as much 
as I do, there would not have been such a profusion of expence, and so 
little personal service on the South Western frontier for more than two 

years past. 

I am, &c. 

A. Lewis to the Oovbrnor. 

Enclosed you have the number of troops that are under my com- 
mand and in actual service at this time. The reason oi my company Fort Lee 
not being compleat is two having deserted, which I have not entered in 
the return ; also one or two were received by the muster master that I 
afterwards found were unfit for the service. I considered it wrong to 
continue them under pay, and discharged them. Since that time, the 
officers have been so engaged on the Fiontiers that they could not be 
spared to compleat the company. They shall shortly be made up. On 
the 7th this instant I received information that the sign of about thirty 
Indians were seen on the Black mountain making towards this settle- 
ment. On yesterday I sent out my scouts to know the certainty. The 
last company that came in being handled so roughly, I expect will make 
them cautious of coming into the settlement in small parties, two only 
out of seven getting clear. 

What was more alarming to them was being fired on four different 
Times and on four different days. Twice by the Inhabitants who killed 
two of them, and twice by my company, who killed two and wounded 
one. One of the scalps we loss by his getting into Kentucky fiiver. 
He attempted to make battle untill he received not less than 12 or 15 
Balls in him. The scalps of the other two I have got the Favor of the 
General to present to your Excellency. 

I still consider myself at a loss to know why the Executive deemed 
the last Express sent by me unnecessary. I have ever been cautious of 
running the public to unnecessary expence, and cannot say but I feel 



1794. myself somewhat wounded by the sentiments of the Executive on that 

May 9th subject, and earnestly request that I shall be charged with the am*t, which 

I will cheerfully pay out of my wages; and for the future, every man 

under my command shall die before they call for assistance by Express, 

unless I can do it without censure. 

I have heard that some persons not friendly disposed towards myself, 
have endeavoured to rouse up the people on the Frontiers to complain 
to your Excellency of the non-performance of Duty by my Scouts, and 
also against myself Whether they may be prevailed on to make a false 
accusation, God only knows. As to my Scouts, I can aver that there is 
not men on the continent that more fully execute the Duties of their 
office than they do. Take them in any part of character, perhaps 
stand fairer than any person who may become their accusers. On the 
day that the Indians came through the Fool Warriour's Gap, two of my 
Scouts passed through the same, perhaps not two hours before the Ene- 
my, and before they could go to the farthest part of their Bounds and 
return to that Gap, the mischief was done. 

As to accusations against myself, they are hard to steer clear of. 
The Frontiers being so extensive, that unless every man exposed has 
men to guard him he is dissatisfied, and without an officer can be at 
every place in time of danger, he has done wrong. No foundation 
whatever can justify a comp't unless my being absent, which has not 
been much for the present year, and as to the Duty in my absence, I 
am willing that my Order Book shall be examined, which orders I 
believe were duly executed; for I have never had either Officer or Sol- 
dier yet in my company that attempted to disobey orders I gave him. 
They people on the Frontiers, or immediately exposed, are well satisfied 
with both Officers and Soldiers, but if any Speak fully, its those that 
are not in danger nor never knew what it was to be exposed. The 
Executive and every other person acquainted with my situation, must 
be convinced that it cannot be Interest that prompts me to serve. I 
am well assured that where I make one pound by serving I lose two 
other ways. I feel a desire, and ever has, to serve my country, but 
should the Executive think another person that they might appoint 
would execute their Instructions more fully and give a further assistance 
to the Frontier, I shall with pleasure retire. 

I question if there is an Officer, or any person in Office in the States, 
that has a Family, but thinks it his duty to pay some attention to them, 
and frequently gets leave of absence from Duty. My situation in that 
is singular, for I do not consider myself under the direction of any Offi- 
cer but the Executive only, nor would I wish to be. The distance is so 
great, that if my Business at home at any time required my attention, 
I cannot call on those who are authorized to permit me, and am left to 
judge myself if I can take this Liberty consistent with my duty to my 

country and to your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 


A. Lewis to thb Governor. 1794. 

It will be out of my power to leave the Frontier at this time to take May 9th 
the necessary Depositions concerning Col. A. Campbell's conduct. I ex- Fort Lee 
pected a court of enquiry would have been ordered, at which every 
proof for and against him could have been brought forward. 

I hope your Excellency will give the Paymaster such instructions that 
may authorize him to settle all claims by the officers or the soldiers; if 
not, 1 shall perhaps be considerable looser, for, to prevent them from 
Trifling their wages away, and for the good of the service, I was obliged 
to pay money and assume the payment for both arms and clothing to a 
considerable amount. 

I am, &c. 

H. Kn.ox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. May 9th 

Your Excellency's letter of the 14th ultimo has been received and War » 

submitted to the President of the United States. Department 

Any indulgencies which the St. Domingo fleet, mentioned by you, 
may have received contrary to the Spirit of the resolve laying the em- 
bargo, are unknown to, and were unauthorized by the Executive of the 
United States. Any information, therefore, which you may possess 
upon this subject, and which you can with propriety transmit in order 
to be submitted to the President of the United States will be thankfully 

Letters of Marque being comprehended by the embargo, cannot be 
permitted to depart because some unauthorized irregularities have taken 
place with respect to other vessels, the conduct of the Officers who have 
permitted such irregularities, will be enquired into and made responsible 
for any breach of the embargo which they may have committed. 

An informal and unauthenticated information has been received, that 
Sir John Jarvis's fleet, from the West Indies, said to consist of seven 
sail of the line and four frigates, may be shortly expected in the Chesa- 
peake, and perhaps at Norfolk. Altho' this report may be without 
foundation, yet it is thought proper that it should be transmitted to 
your Excellency in confidence, in order that you may take such prudent 
precautions for the prevention of misunderstanding, as the delicate state 
of public affairs strongly require. And if your convenience would per- 
mit you to reside principally at Norfolk during the continuance of the 
fleet at that place (provided it should arrive), it would be highly satis- 
factory to the President of the United States. As hopes are entertained 
that an amicable accommodation may be effected with Great Britain by 
the mission of Mr. Jay, and satisfaction obtained for the damages on 
our commerce, it would be extremely unfortunate if they should be frus- 



1794. trated by any untoward event which might arise from individual irri- 
May 9th tions of temp«r on either side. 

By a vessel which will sail in a few days from this place, ammunition 
will be forwarded for the cannon which are at Norfolk, and also a num- 
ber of carriages and implements for nine eigh teen-pounders, which are 
at the head of Elk, and which will also be forwarded. Major Rivardi 
will see that these pieces are put in perfect order, and prepare a rever- 
bratory furnace or two for hot shot; and as Norfolk, from its situation, 
appears to be pre-eminently important, compared with the other places 
in the Chesapeake, it may be proper for Mr. Rivardi to continue there 
as long as possible consistently with the other objects. A Mr. Yermo- 
net may therefor be employed at Alexandria and Annapolis, which is 
probablj'' to be fortified. 

Some appointments in the artillery will be shortly made, and Recruits 
endeavoured to be obtained, some of which will repair as soon as possi- 
ble to Norfolk. In the mean time Captain Hannah will be ordered to 
Norfolk with twenty Recruits, which he has at Alexandria. 

I have, &c. 


James City Yours of the 29th of April to the commandant of our Militia came to 
my hands the 8th of the present month. 

I went ii^stantly to York Town with your instructions, and imparted to 
Mr. Macaulay the substance of your letter. He appears quite innocent, 
in my opinion, respecting the boat alluded to, but that the ship Brandon 
sailed after ye Embargo, I have no doubt of The Collector's and Mr. 
Macaulay's Certificate, which is here enclosed, will give you every par- 
ticular which I can procure. 

I am, &c. 

Collector's Office, District of York Town, 

May 8th, 1794. 

Be it known to all persons, that on the 10th day of March, in the 
present year, the Ship Brandon, commanded by Patrick Woodcone, was 
cleared at this office for St. Thomas with her cargo, consisting of thirty 
thousand feet of scantling, thirty thousand staves, thirty thousand feet 
of plank, eighty-four thousand shingles, three hundred bushels of peas, 
and one hundred pieces of timber; and that on the 28th of April, in the 
year aforesaid, the schooner Swift Packet, commanded by Thomas 
Bragg, was cleared at this office for Philadelphia, with her cargo, con- 
sisting of passengers and their baggage — this clearance being granted 
after the embargo had taken place. Bond with sufficient security was 

:.kZJS3Di}t3 }^ >rt^H 7v:r»^iu?. tjjjji. 

Br:ui*i»:a« C^tsiiir P^^ixn-rifk W.j«/«u:tint}. '.nmu!^ ^ao :SA uhitf- P^/rti tJL>r ^^iw:^A 


Prrm-^y t»> thi G<»v5jl>x>r jlm> t«c i\h xcit v>r ^t vrit. 

We. vour petit ionere. iQ£LibU;iat;<^ Aa«i tn?eki\4\lers s>i ih^ t\Htttiy v^ 
Princt? Riwainl N*^ leave to repnft»nt. Tb*t ;i( a vtiJi^tftvl cv^uHv h^M M 
PriDce Edw:ird Courthoase, on the 4tb day vvf ApriL lT^4v w^ wvr^ 
elected and sworn a* a Tenire upon the Trial of Th^Huas Murrax' vu^ a^ 
iDdietment tor Horsestealing; and do pray tv^r a parvton ot th«> ^id 
Thomas Murray, on account of his youth and prt^vious ^hhI eharav'l^rx 

M^ Wibi 

The affidavit of David Toung, in the dispute now de|>emHiv^ t^^r^ \l^ 1^^ 
the Executive of this Common %vealth, between Oolo> OampK«^U and 
Capt. Lewis, deposeth & sayeth: 

That some time in the summer of 1792, your deponent wa.H drafttni to 
serve tour of duty in PowelPs valley, under the eommaut o( hx^wl. 
Wiiloby, but Irom a bad hurt in his right eye, did not serve the tour of 
dnty to which he had been ordered, and was aflerwanis aiH|uitiHi by a 
eoart-martial summoned for the trial of delinquents in said draft, 


1794. Your deponent further says that he never gave money or anything in 

May 12th lieu thereof to Colo. Campbell, or any other perso n, to clear him from 
the said tour, or to hire a substitute. 


May 12th The affidavit ot John Iron, in the dispute now depending before the 

Executive of this State, between Colo. Campbell & Capt. A. Lewis : 

That some time in August, 1792, as well as your deponent remem- 
bers, he was notified by a Sergeant of Capt. Bo wan 's to attend a ren- 
dezvoise appointed to be held at Capt. Logan's, in order to serve a tour 
of duty in Powell's valley, under the command of Lieut. Willoby. On 
the day appointed your deponent set out, but from the helpless situa- 
tion of his family and the charge of a Crop, he found it impossible to go 
on, and endeavoured to hire Will or Thos. Jones to serve the tour in 
his room, & offered either of them ten dollars, a blanket, & a pair of 
shoes, but they refused. Your deponent then turned home and intended 
to pay his fine, and meeting with Colo. Campbell the next day he made 
his case known to him, who informed your deponent that he had offered 
too much, & he thought a substitute might be got for five dollars. 
Accordingly your deponent gave Colo. Campbell five Dollars, with 
which William Dorherty was engaged, as your Deponent was informed. 


Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 12th day of May, 1794. 




Surry county Having for some time intended to go to Richmond to see you respect- 
ing the Militia Law, but finding it inconvenient for mo to do so shortly, 
have assumed the freedom to write you, as it is in my opinion high 
Time that every part of the Militia Law should be in operation. To 
this letter I will thank your Answer by Captain Crafford, who will 
hand it to you. 

When I had the pleasure last to see you, which was in Richmond, 
you Observed to me that it would be Proper to have a Company of 
Cavalry to my Brigade, and that I should have the appointing oflScera 
necessary for the Company, at which time I thought I should not 
hesitate to execute it immediately, but on reflection I found so many 
inconveniencies attending it I thought proper to decline doing so, untill 
I should have the pleasure to se^ pr hear from you. 


The fourteenth section of the Militia Law, passed in the Session of 1794. 
1792, says that the Governor, with the advice of the Council, shall Issue May 12th 
Commissions at their own discression for the Officers necessary to the 
Artillery and Cavalry, and concludes by observing that the number of 
companies of Artillery and Cavalry shall not exceed one tor each Bri- 


gade. The inconvenience which suggests itself to me is this : that as 
A, B, C, D, E, & F constitute a Brigade, in the County A the Captain 
may be appointed, the Lieutenant in the County F, &c. That in no 
one county there will be two Officers; they will, of course, be so dis- 
persed thro* the Brigade, that very rairely, if at all, they will ever be 
convened at one place for the purpose of being Trained. That is, as 1 
conceive, as necessary as for them to be enlisted. What appears to me 
that would be most Proper, particularly in my Brigade, & as the Coun- 
try would incur no inconvenience from it, that a company of Cavalry 
might be raised in each county where it could be done. 

In my Brigade I have no Scruples but what a company might be 
raised in all the Countys except Two, and those two countys might 
raise one. I know of no law at present that authorizes this. But have 
thought proper to suggest it to you, not knowing but you, with the 
advice of the Council, might allow this Indulgence, & would Issue Com- 
missions to as many Companys as might be made up. 

Should it be improper to do so, & you think it would be right it should 
be so, I am in hopes you will use your Interest at the next Assembly 
to cause it to take place. In the meantime, be so good as to write me 
what must be done (in the) Interim, and it most indubitably shall be. 
In consequence of a letter I received some time past from General 
Wood, I wrote to the several Commandants in my Brigade desiring 
them, as speedily as possible, to ascertain and communicate to me 
immediately the number of Baron Stuban's Books of discipline that 
might be in their respective countys. To which letters I have only an 
answer from one of the Commandants, & he gives me an Account of 
only three of the Books in his county. 

I esteem it, sir, indispensably necessary that the XXII Section of the 
Militia law of 1792 be immediately complied with, as also the XXIII 
Section of the Militia law of 1793. I am therefore hopeful you will, as 
early as possible, cause the copies in both cases to be immediately for- 
warded to me, and I will cause them to be duly distributed. 

1 am solicited by several of the Officers in my Brigade to endeavour 
to have a part, if not all, the Militia of it furnished with arms. 

The utility of its being done must be apparent to you, as we are as 
much or more subject to an invasion or insurrection than any part of 
the State. In case of the former, we should no doubt be among the 
first of the Brigades that would be ordered out, and in our present sit- 
uation fifty men well armed and accoutred would nearly take a county. 
I am therefore hopeful, if it's practicable, you will order as many arms, 


14^ ^JtLZS:^^^ OF STATE FAFM^ 

-v/v**/ ft>^ Vv>if,.v*r yL'iViU% C'^yfibfttXiiStft *>& 'wr Jr>SiTr*T»- wL:ch I make do 
'l/yi'jfM !»«% ^/^:>^i n*aA^ kvfjwn w roa l^<ynr ib» tiai4r. li the Tjkcancles 
ftfv; /f^A 7<n ^Mj^Vi^. G;T4r flb^ 3«aT4; U> rMrj«:imei>4 Vj rour Excelleccj 
my v/Tif, Wilffam Tark^. im m per¥>b 4a3T qiim3ifi«<i to fill ooe of these 
f^ljik'^^, I do n^/i U7t\ my»!^li si Lvl^ertr to «ftj aorthm^ more in bis 

ti^rf/tn. ^/ot Atfbinit tb« nutiter Uj toq. 


I bare. Ac 

Mffv f/^i felHion for remiwiion of fine for lailiog to retuni execution against 
John Jonen, iben^Aore nhetiff fA Dinmiddie coantv. 

Muf tmu 'h Madisoh to the Govebkor. 

WMIinr/iA' f am re#|aeMted by tbe Court of Oirectora of tbe Hospital for Lnna- 
^^^^V ti/;ii Ui transmit Ut your Excellency tbe enclosed order. 

Tb<? diHappr/intment wbicb tbe Treasurer to the Hospital has met 
with in proi^uring the necessary sums for the support of the institution 
inducer the Court to hope that tbe Executive will direct the payment 
of tbe or^ler. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Tour most obedient servant. 

Order from the Treasurer of Hospital at Williamsburg, in favor of 
Jacob Allen for eleven pounds in part, for bringing John Spencer, Luna- 
tic, from Ifampshire. 

Mny imh I'ktitfon of Wilmam Qlassell for Remission of Fine. 

To Ills Bxciollencr Henry Lee, Ei»q., Governor of Virginia, and the 
Honorable tbe Supreme Executive Council: 

The Potltion of William GlaHsoil Humbly shewoth. That some time 

(luring the last year a certain Crane having opposed the sergeant 

of Frodorioksburg in the execution of some civil process, which had 

UilfeKl^a? n^ <r^.. Ti V4>«!^ .<^ 

431 nwi. -lhaL' n t-JV»«N[m!An«9 >% tt»5^ ttv >i}|\icfll' %i%si- |vi^^^ 'v^S HHHV 
^S^uc sttt^ mL\L riAMfiu 3itfT«w HYmivM^ V '"•A*?^ ,|vvfUxA*v*- 1^ Svy^^s VX 

Tawraxic lint jtf- ji ftsrsinftte wmuott jVmtoK ^r ^><^. wt: M*tn*it^ts>v *^t^. 
^rsauL 'V'iniiiuii -stuc ^umta. ^^ivii tnt^iu htkxv |i^(^»»5n^ i^^.^V^^N i\^, rh 
«ri«r lif. iiii7<<' iim. irnit. ^ax ^/cr*n?* a: 4^ DWtm i^i,4-K>»a*W^ *a^n^. i^*<^ >^\S^ 

llie tane w^d^ iiiit9i<«<«£ >K4)Winr. ^^-r^ 4iJ»iA ^*f^ ^5,W; v^" ^>.^^ ifV»M^N¥?% •1^'^ 

the £iu£ biaw i^ Ctmml vV :^i^ ^W «^ IN^^^-^ ^i^ .W^H- ^SVVy»MV^S ^^ 

or from <Hker Mi>ureSs wIk> *bK^ ^MvvnM<^) l^^i^m ll^i^^ t^v^ ^^VS^W.^'^^v* V^^v^ 
prevailed agaunst kirn in OiH^^^ik'Ihv hM' ll^\l5(i ^v^v^n^^^ ^Is^^ ^Sv^ \\nn\^M V^v^V 
probably bare a fiur tTial. and ihi^rvl^xri^ ll^v^^x i^v>vi#is> \\m Sss \^V"*\kNvy 
which he accordingly did. and did n^n a)^|>^v ls^ ^<^>^%\ ^s^ \\mA, \\\sv\\\\\ 
the recognisance your (H>Uiion<vr had ^J^nl^^^N^I hM\s >^vv>v^^s>^ lUv-IS^^h^v^ 
Your petitioner further ^hcwi^h, that oh \\\%^ IHhI \M \\\\s \\\\\\\\ \\\^S' 
sons engaged in the alH>vo rtH»il<Hi Imhunolioiu U Wj^j*^»v»> \sss\\\ Kv \\\^ 
testimony, the opinion of tho i\uirt» aiui \\\^ Y^^S'yiM oMI^t J^V\ Uu^^ 
the parties concerned had inourrt^tl ho tfMllt» whhu* \\\\^ \\\\\\\Ws\\y \^«i 
clearly provin ; nor was thon» any to^llhiohy |ifHi«lM»»M»l Mh ll»Hl 1Sl»^l 
that distinguished him, tho Halt! Parko, iVom ih»i Vmm|: nf (Iim |ihHV mmh 
corned. That howovor a ioiro tiin\\t\* haN hrimi nM»it miH H|{hIm«I VMHf 
Petitioner on bohalf of the Commohwimkh, mm hJM »'MMMjj[»iij^HMi»M HhifH 
said, to show cause why oxocutlon Nhoulil not Immmm MgHlMMl hHM< H(mI Hi 
the last court hold for thin DUtrInt, a Jiid|^»MMn|. mmImfmiI Hi^MlM*! >»'♦*♦• 
petitioner for the sum of two hundrmi pnuwUt t^^ H'ill M|^|»NHf hv ^ ^^^'|'^ 
of the judgment hereto anni)X<»^l, whiffh flffM ^^h<^ |^mIM|/'Mh^ l^f^^M^ 
prays your honorable \Hmr4 Up rmiU, hM%u^ ti )« mtjiiM itmi HH H*-^ 
which was in itaeif m^riuMoun wHU rm^d Ui httit^HHfit^hl, nhiHhi 
ever io iu coMeqaewjm \nAmi*i \9i$t$UUmMUi fftm ^ht^^pfHhMh^ fiih h^^ 
io the preseoi ea«e waa io t'Jtt^m/^i$0cf$4m $4 n** tA4^U*PH^ Ut it^ /##«, Hif^t 
aa offeer of JcMftie«; ai»4 lb// ib^r ^/^fn^^t^^tf^^s wm ^f^hHHh^^ ^/^ 


1794. of the original delinquent, but there are over and above these reasons 
May 16th to be drawn from the particular situation of your Petitioner, which he 
humbly hopes will be thought sufficient by your honorable board to 
induce a remission of his fine; such as the reports above mentioned, 
with the fear of the consequent prejudice that might arise, operating on 
the mind of the said Parke to induce an abscontion, which otherwise 
would not have happened, and which were circumstances arising after 
your petitioner had become bound for the said Parke, and of course 
unknown to him at that time. 


We, the subscribers, inhabitants of Fredericksburg and its vicinity, 
believe the above statements to be strictly True, and therefore do join 
with the petitioner in praying your Honorable Board that the Fine may 
be remitted. 

Attorney for the Commonwealth for the District of Fredericksburg. 

• And many others. 

Writ of Scire Facias. 

Fredericksburg District Court, April, 1794. 

The Commonwealth 

vs. [ Upon a Writ of Scire Facias. 

William Glassell, Def't. j 

This day came as well the Attorney for the Commonwealth as the 
Deft by his Attorney, and the said Deft relinquishing his former plea, 
saith that he cannot gainsay the Commonwealth's having Execution 
against him. Therefore it is considered by the Court, that the Com- 
monwealth may have Execution against the said Defendant for the Two 
hundred pounds in the writ aforesaid mentioned, and pay the costs of 
this prosecution, and may be taken, &c. 

A Copy — Teste: 



Petition op Joseph Jones. 1794. 

To the Governor and the Honorable Council of the State: May 16th 

The petition of Joseph Jones, late Sheriff of Dinwiddie county, for 
remission of fines for failing to return Executions according to Law. 

In the House of Delegates, Wednesday, Nov. 14th, 1792. May 16th 

Petition of Joseph Jones, late Sheriff of Dinwiddie, for remission of 
fines for not returning Execution vs. John Jones, be remitted, granted 
on conditions. 

David Patterson's Receipt for arms and accoutrements for use of mi- May 16th 
litia of Chesterfield. 

H. Knox, Secretary of War, to the Governor. Mayi9th 

I am instructed by the President of the United States to transmit to War 
your Excellency the Act herein enclosed, entitled "An act directing a ^^P*^^"^®°* 
detachment from the Militia of the United States." 

In pursuance of this law, the President desires that you will take 
effectual measures, as soon as may be, to organize, arm and equip accord- 
ing to law, and hold in readiness to march at a moment's warning eleven 
thousand three hundre<l and seventy-seven of the militia of the State of 
Virginia, oflScers included. 

The said officers to be either the present militia officers or others at 
the option of the Constitutional authority of your State. But it will be 
necessary that the organization of the said Corps be conformable to the 
act passed the 8th of May, 1792, entitled "An act to provide more effect- 
oally for the national defence, by establishing an uniform militia through- 
out the United States." 

The President deems it expedient to authorize your Excellency to ac- 
cept any independent corps of cavalry, artillery or infantry, as part of 
the aforesaid detachment of eleven thousand three hundred and seventy- 
seven; provided they shall voluntarily engage as corps in the service. 

The term of service and allowances to the detachment are mentioned 

generally by the fourth section of the said act. But it is conceived 

proper that the pay, rations and forage bo more precisely specified, as 

follows, to-wit : 





May 19th 


Monthly pay. 

per day. 


per month 


Major General, 

One hundred sixty-six. 




One hundred and four. 



Lieut.-Col. Commandant, 



























Surgeon's Mate, 




Sergeant Major, 



Quarter-Master Sergeant, 









Senior Musician, 









The rations of provisions to consist of one pound of beef, or three- 
quarters pound of pork, one pound of bread or flour, half a gill of rum, 
brandy, or whiskey, or the value thereof at the contract price, when the 
same shall become due, and at the rate of one quart of salt, two quarts 
of vinegar, two pounds of soap, and one pound of candles to every hun- 
dred rations. 

It is the earnest desire of the President that your Excellency would 
immediately take the most effectual means that the whole militia of 
Virginia, not comprised within the foregoing requisition, be armed and 
equipped according to law. 

The people of the United States, increasing rapidly in wealth, popu- 
lation, and importance among the nations, ought not to indulge the 
expectation of being exempt from those agitations and dangers which 
seem inseparable from the human character. But it is our highest 
duty, that we should be in a perfect condition to preserve and defend 
ourselves against every injury to which we may be liable as a nation. 

The President therefore hopes for a prompt and universal compliance 
with the law, as a measure upon which, under the protection of Heaven, 
our freedom and security may depend. 

It is requested that you would be pleased to transmit, as early as 
may be, the information ot the measures which may be adopted in the 
State of Virginia in consequence of this letter. 

I have, &c. 



John Clare to the Governor. 1794^ 

As the agents is amenable to the Executive for their conduct, it may May I9th 
be proper to state you from time to time what steps I have taken in the Campbell 
Execution of my office. 

Likewise what doubts may arise in the same. 

Quary: whether or not is the act of 1787, Intitled ''an act for the 
more speedy recovery of the debts due the Commonwealth," appointing 
the mode for the Sheri^ selling of lands, m force and to be attended to, 
as well as the one appointing the agents. 

About the 7th of April I received by Mr. Richardson the following 
papers, to-wit: A sup'a vs. the Clerk of Campbell, for a Default in his 
officer; Two Ex'ons vs. Wm. Ward, Bx'or of Ro. Adams, L. Sh'ff Camp- 
bell, for the Revenue of 1786 & 87; Two ditto vs. William Calloway, L. 
Sh'ff Bedford, for the one pr. Ct. & the Revenue of 1784 ; Two ditto vs. 
James Lyon, L. Sh'ff of Henry, for the Certificate Tax of 85 & 86; A 
yen's to Mitchel, L. Sh'ff of Patrick, vs. the said Lyon, for the Revenue 
1787 ; One Ex'on vs. Wm. Tunstall, L. Sheriff of Henry, for the Reve- 
nue 1789; & Cap's vs. the Securitys of Ro. Harstono, L. Sh'ff of Henry. 

I have delivered to the several Sh'ffs the papers aforesaid, and sent 
their receipts to the Auditor. Sales appointed, which will commence in 
a few days. Should I become a purchaser of any part of the property 
taken in Ex'on, Transmit a state of my proceedings in that Instance 
before I proceed to sell, as there was no Indossment on the several 
Ex'ons sent me how I was to conduct myself I have reason to believe 
that Tunstall, L. Sh'ff of Henry, is Insolvent; the Security, If persued, 
are able. Also, it might be proper to persuo the Securitys in Gen'l as 
well as the principal ; it appears that the Securitys in several Instances 
hath purches up the H. Sh'ffs' property, by which means the Publick 
debts within this district will be secured, as well those come to hand as 
those have not. 

This will be handed you by Capt. Clark, who will wait on you for my 
instructions or papers that you may please to send me. 

I am, &c. 

David Mullens to the Governor and Honorable Council. May20th 

Complaint against the court of Goochland for not giving him the Goochland 
appointment of major for said county. 

E. Lanoham to the Governor. May 20th 

Asking for payment of account for furnishing provisions at Point of Fluvanna 
Fork to enable him to fulfil bis contract. 

J^. '^:^>M/.ii: Uf «/LTt PAPiEife 

''>' ^' mLdJu^^:^^^ i« i«ii ^r^jBB^oaL- 

^/^vcioey^i v^jy.' «M^ iiiif^i ANTtu ^«^«i»' 4;?«^fr%«i»M:<f^ afiC «iiei^ w)K ifte per- 
c^i«,y<y^. y. »^M^. ^ /««4^l. iyj^m^: iH iff i^m^ tis^ imsatOt ^tvnitf: wnieit migiit 

/./^ Ki^ y^/Lu^c i#j^ OMM' t«j&^ ^M h^ Vut pmsuat •unKr dkamsMfst: out of 
/^ M iAV^A<»^ W >M/f^4Mr ti^ pM9^;«* t«A^|$i«l 4^ tAMdulij iuencrBd tiie more 

W^> iS'^^/ W'«"''' ''^ ^"^'^ ^r)//r /*i4/< #«<eMiitas# u> fumkb proritioiis for volunteer 


MiMMtflMw HmjumummI- Mml* ^Moi'gu Hrowii, oonvloted of Horse stealing by Dia- 
MlMl* MMMr^ ♦*!♦ VvUm^ WIIIUin, U prolmbly of unsound mind, and there- 
Imih h MMli|MNl« till* MvmomUvii oltiiniiiuiy. 

I^lm au^l ' tluHN (^HUl'l*MH TO THK UoVKRNOR, 



\\H»v»j>U^g m^jmUUiUi^uV M ligvut ft>r ooUooUou ot arrears of tax in the 

*^^^^*^ uimU\ Uvitf^vlsv, ^Mvl rt^rwaisUug boiul tor i^amtv 

\^\Uvv«^^ "^vuw liV^V' ^wiv^ua W tb^s> ac4 v.'4 iVa^rv^ ^ym^ an tnubargo oo tk« 
'^^V^^^ii wU^iu vb^v^ \^\mVvU ^^Vv<^ ib^ ^i^ ^^rauijk^ Akx^aObi^r Wood> 
\V\\vs VXouumv^vMn l<^ui^^\Hl iu ^b<l^ ttam<^ ^^ Al^x»iKi^r Xaciaalar. 
\lvxj^\bj4iiv, \vi \v>4'K> )i^<i vlvajbVvi ^>u^ by bim tor Taat^xi bay, in Eai$t 
v(\vix wabiu ^bs^ liiuiu v,4 vbiH vvuu^w vhi t>»c^vtu^ th^ ace of Con ^ r oGQ 
vvtiih UKUiuvVKUisx ti\^u ttb^^ bbwv*uuvv. I w^mc ^Mi boanl :«9U\i Ship aad 
^Kovvwl v'h^Wu Nliv.\\tiv^Miv wbv ;Mi %ilb tuy !Us4rucUoo«k Unsaid b« 

l^^q^blv Km* b4U4 k%^ j;y^ W^ ?<iM» ;ihe< b«^ tiwi t»o^ smm«iibk oa boani UwiS wosifi 


Itouk. wiwre iie xni|rbt^t his -wia i^t-oT^t? %Tt<\ ho in T^^^inff^ to pr<^^A^d ^fx^ ^%^ 
an ixk ^fTcm^* wb«n the ©mhitTyo ^hrwld Ko t^kon r»fi 1 tr^'C'o birti t<^r ^n 
f?w«r, tb&l I nboald iuive no objw^tif^Ti t-o hts <lA?nt ^<^ ii I «^'^^^1n W 
jMsnred ii^ would noi ^ to i*^a. Ho then piro mo bK rr^rd th?ii bo 
wcmUi BOt, and tbmkiap Mr. 1liio««}ay ^<y»onntBMo t>»r bis o<^nf^n«M 1 
caoaesBtAd to iiss iaaTii^r Ka^t RivAr *T^d ^troinir tr> Hnmpt^Mi >^r»?^(1*. bui 
hsve ho«D intonmid within « frw 4«rs tlint ho ^oni lYnmod>?*toh ^^ i^on 
I bsve tbraght it my duty to hiy tho «hovo re]r>ort ^oto^^ tbo KVtvn 
tive, tluct «ooh slops mny be t»)r^n us they mH> ihini n<*<v^i^^nrv 

1 hmvo, A-o. 

Thos;. Rkamc Rootk^ to thk Oovki^voi^. Nt^x t^%y 

fiuitry in this comity. 

t M>^^\tV 

Wm. Whttlook to twk Mov«i\Ki>n. Mrty?!lr| 

Application for Bmall arms anti accent i*«*»ti«*hiii l^>v Mfii^rtf avtillt^vy t^nm hlrluMMM'! 
pany in Petersburg. 

PWTttfnN. MHfm\ 

The Petition of Chnsiophor Htudfuaii^fif iJiw t^imii^y nl Klhie * ^/«M»H, 
to his Excellency the Govfirnor ah'l llotiri^stih JM^mlmM nf* ♦l*^ MHft 
Coancil, praying for remission of a Arm for hof^sU^H/lsN^^ M«( s ttf-Hfui 

xo seTTit f/u tp%$i4 jftry, mit4^ M>/f<«» Johtt i'nyUrt fUftf/fn, J. P 

'Ml .^(micH T/^tHp, TiHvmiKt AiMn. f^<^ry ^MiniiAnt^r ^m^ 
iL f^ ^0mff% CHr^«««^^>h«flf .^Mttififi AmKr*^^ iHfr<<«!<i. /vf 





Edward Archer to Robert Goodb, Esq. 

May 24th Praying for further indulgence of time on his bond to June, 1795. 
Norfolk Bond for £48 12. 

May 26th 





John Hamilton to the Governor. 

I have just been honored with your Excellency's letter representing 
to me that, by recent information received from Martinique, it appears 
that in the Cap't of the Brig David and George that the British Admi- 
ral on that Station subjects the American Citizens to personal distresses 
not warrantable by modern usage of nations, even in a state of war. 

Fully convinced that none of His Majesty's Officers could be found 
capable of bringing a reproach on his country by vindictive cruelty to 
the individuals of any nation, and well aware of the great humanity 
which distinguishes the character of Sir John Jervis, I do not hesitate 
a moment to declare that it is my decided opinion that the Statement 
your Excellency has received, which does not less impeach that Gentle- 
man's conduct as a British Officer than as a man, is erroneous, and that 
upon mature investigation, it will be found to be inaccurate and unsup- 
ported by facts. 

I am, indeed, informed that the account received by the owner of the 
vessel in question conveys no imputation of inhumanity on the part of 
any of His Majesty's Officers. 

However satisfied I may therefore be in my own mind of the improba- 
bility that an officer of any nation could have permitted himself to act 
in a manner so derogatory to his character, yet it is a justice due to your 
Excellency's representation, and to my own feelings in this matter, that 
it should be properly enquired into. 

I shall, therefore, without loss of time, acquaint Sir John Jervis with 
the outrage alledged to have been committed by him, and require from 
him a true state of the Circumstances which attended the Capture of 
the Bng David and George, and of the subsequent treatment expe- 
rienced by her Crew. 

I have, &c. 

May 28th 



T. Wm. Lowther to the Governor. 

Not having any account of the money due to the scouts and Rangers 
for their past services, and not being informed by what way it is to 
come, the men being neer naked for the want of it, I have taken the 
Liberty of Sining Mr. William Martin to your Excellency, with the 
Publiok Papers Recommended by the District as a fit Person to Receive 


and Pay out the money, and if Consistent, in hopes he may meet with 1794. 
the appointment of paymaster, or at least he entrusted to Beceive the May 28th 
Money Due to this District. If the above proposition is not Consistent, 
Plese to inform me by Mr. Martin our Dependence in Giting of it. 
Your knowledge of our Situation Benders it unnecessary for me to Say 
anything more on this subject. 

There is frequent discoverys made by our Scouts of the Savage 
Enemy on or near Banks of the Ohio, opposite the mouth of midle 
Hand. They have killed one man a few days agoe, in sight of Musking- 
gum Garrison, so that we are waiting to feel the stroke of their cruelty. 

I am, &c. 

William Price to thb Governor. May 28th 

Solicits the command of a Battalion of Militia in the quota ordered Richmond 
to be raised by act of Congress. 

Henrico County, Set.: 

I do hereby Certify that Carter Braxton, Esq., personally appeared May 28th 
before me, the subscriber, a Justice of the peace for the said county, 
and took the oath to support the Constitution of the United States, and 
also the oath prescribed by Law to be taken by members of the privy 
Council or Council of State. 

Given under my hand this 28th day of May, 1794. 


J. Pendleton to Jas. Wood, Lieutenant Governor. May 28th 

On enquiring into the business which is the subject of the enclosed Auditor's 
letter, I find that the Judgment against David Ward, as Sheriff of Bus- ^®^ 
sell County, for the taxes of '87, was obtained on a bond which makes 
him accountable for only the taxes of '86. The Bond given for the col- 
lection of the taxes for the year '87 has been very lately transmitted to 
me, on which we must now proceed, and the Ex'ons issued. Ward is 
not to take effect. In the other case, Judgment against Craig for Wash- 
ington, was obtained on a Bond given for the taxes of *88. The bond 
under which he collected for '87, has not yet come to hand, and it is 
owing to this irregularity in forwarding the bonds given for the collec- 
tion of the public taxes, that we fall into the error of proceeding against 

those who are not liable. 

I am, &c. 


1794. Montgomery County, May 13th, 1794. 

May 28th Sir; 

I acknowledge myself under singular obligations to you for the dif- 
ferent favors Received from you and the Executive. 

I received an Execution against the Estate of David Ward, late Sher- 
iff of Russell. I attended at Mr. Ward's in order to superintend the 
sale, But on the day I appointed, the Sheriff or some of Mr. Ward's 
friends found that there was an error in the Execution, viz: That Ward 
was Sheriff for the year 1786, and the Execution was for 1787. I was 
at a loss how to proceed. But, for the reasons mentioned, the Sheriff 
did not sell the Property. I am of opinion that there will also be an- 
other mistake made in the Judgments obtained or to be obtained against 
Robert Craig, late Sheriff of Washington. I expect the Judgments will 
be superseded this session of the General Court. 

I have not as yet had it in my power to recommend persons qualified 
for collectors of the arrears in the 17th Brigade. Was the notices sent for- 
ward at once against the delinquent Sheriffs, I think I would in this 
Brigade have either their money or their property so as it might answer 
the Purpose contemplated by the General Assembly. 

I have recommended my son, William Taylor, to his Excellency as a 
proper person to serve as Ensign in the Volunteer Militia, there being 
two wanting, which, if not commissioned, will be much obliged to you 
for your Interest on that occasion. 

I am, &c., 


May 13th, 1794. 


Immediately on the reception of my commission as agent of the 
Seventeenth Brigade, I proceeded to execute the duties of that office on 
such documents as accompanied it. But am sorry to say I have been 
unsuccessful in producing anything to supply the public Treasury. This 
arose from a mistake which appeared in the Execution sent against the 
Sheriff of Russell. It appeared he was not a collector for the year men- 
tioned in the Execution, in consequence he refused to have his property 
exposed, and the Sheriff produced none. 

I was then, and continued to be at a loss how to act under these cir- 
cumstances, and must desire your direction herein. 

I have some reason to suppose a similar mistake will arise in the pro- 
ceeding against Robert Craig and Securities, Sheriff of Washington, 
which I hope will be particularly attended to by the Auditor. 

My anxiety to compleat my business as agent^ and to deposit the 
monies due to the public in the treasury, has induced me to hint as above. 
I trust my fbture exertions will be more productive. I have made appli- 
cation to some Crentlemeo to undertake the collection of the arrears due 


&om the different counties within my brigade, whom I could with pro- 
priety have recommended to the Executive, but have hitherto been re- 
fused; yet I have a distant expectation that I shall in time be able to 
procure some who will engage in the business. 

I have, &c.. 



May 28th 

Francis Corbin to the Governor. 

Solicits the appointment of Colonel in the Militia of the State ordered 
by act of Congress. 

May 29th 

John Hamilton to the Governor. 

In consequence of your Excellency's Request, that I should acquaint 
you with the names of the witnesses of the capture of the Schooner 
Delight and Ship Charles, I annex them : the names of two of the sailors 
Captain Craig does not recollect, and the articles are in bis chest, which 
is not yet come up. I will take care, however, that your Excellency 
shall be informed of them. The captured vessels are supposed to be 
lying within the Capes of Virginia, or carried up to Baltimore, and the 
Ship of war to be gone in pcrsuit of more prizes. 

It is necessary to observe, that the French Ship of war followed the 

vessels she captured out of the Capes. 

I have, &c. 

Names of Witnesses. Where to be seen. 

James Craig, Super Cargo, Norfolk. 

John Latham, Master, Do. 

William Cable and two names unknown. Of the Schooner Delight. 

Citizens of the United States. ^ 

Lewis Guion (who knows the names of most of the other evidences), 
Princess Anne. 

Thomas Butler (Pilot, who knows the name of the Friendship), Nor- 

J. H. 

May 29th 





Allen Prtor to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. May 29th 

Inclosed I submit to the Board the contract entered into by me with Richmond 

Mr. Cavendish, to supply the Troops raised for the defence of Kanawha 

with provisions. 




,s^\-.^.n. -.f r.i^IT. .--LtE 


'.>rt^4r '>^ ^*fi^ .^^5<'v^ TP^*1^^^«t r SHU natfH«S !¥- OS MCrSDCK if sund^ iJ 

^if^/ if^y. yf^^yMfta jfo?«»"V5t fcvV7a» 31 .rdUTTJL C«iLa3tl3^ 

ttir/'i-^i^ ^^,ft ^^*^*M Hy rvTu^p^wtvvt nfimni*f» iniii w^snifa^ upon 
^//rr rVr f^*//fr f/v 0-1^^ * ^4i*^^, ifcvv cRa, ionw -jrfiii-.a lae ♦roa3i»!£I h^Te said 
t rJifM\/t f^nrff Uif fny ^y^Hf^^s^^ ^A t^^ ladwitrT, I aAx* Le^ the receipt 
'^r^ff f'rfrfi tWA^f, kff4 «V/^H rt h«^ iii«ifdBe{«fl.tL anj reoeipc he gives 

Yotir*. 4c. 

1^,,^ .^^llj J/^«« llAMri/ro/tl TO TIIK (loVERNOR. 

f^Klf^illf I hh»'lMNM hf yH|(r MnonllMMny fi imniiivo of the Capture of the British 

lll||)Mli i'Mfi M('lMOMU«f' hMll^ld, (Slplfilfl <'mltf, which, to^dthcr with the British Ship 
iIiIh hIIIi'I' PliHHhM, PH|tlHitt ImMtthinl, WUK tiiUon by n French Ship of war within 
Mui MHMhHl IllMltA 

I (hlHit 11 mv »lHi,y in »»i»M»MUinh^ttto thin to your Excellency, as first 
M»^ttl**ni^h* hI S\\\% ^\\\\\\ \\\ uislor llmt nuoh violation of neutrality may 


K^.H \NW'S\NVi W*K '#^ ^#>sL*HiPScs >4k ^ji«s *i *»:^tiM^ ^(^tsm^ ;5g^« 


Capfjdn Lacgford of the British Ship Ch&ries at sarae time, and we 1794. 
agreed to haul io for the land, to be within limits of neutrality — which May 29th 
we did. About one P. M. observed the French Ship (as we afterwards 
discovered her to be) ^ve chase to the ChaHes ; the Charles then being 
at anchor within one mile of the land. I saw her, the said French Ship, 
onder French Colours, fire one Gon, and about five minutes afler fire 
two more Guns ; and in a short time after I saw the Ship Charles' Boat 
go on board the French Ship with five men, and return immediately on 
board the Charles with ten or eleven men. I then concluded she was 
taken, and used my best endeavors to get into the Capes again, but the 
wind being Xortheriy and an ebb-tide I could gain no ground. I then 
determined to run in close to the land, and came to an anchor within 
half a mile of it, which I did at two o'clock P. M., and let go both my 
anchors; got my boat out and abandoned the Schooner Delight, and 
went on shore with my crew and remained on the Beach until half past 
four P. M., when the said French Ship came up close to her, hoisted out 
her Boat, boarded her with eleven men, weighed the starboard an- 
chor, and cut the larboard cable, and made sail with the said Schooner 
Delight, and carried her off, together with the Ship Charles, Captain 
Langford, in presence of myself and crew and a number of spectators 
on the shore. 


I confirm the foregoing narative. 

Master of Schooner Delight. 

State of Virginia, 

British Consul's Office: 

Sworn to before me this twenty-ninth day of May, One thousand 
seven hundred and ninety-four. 



Hbnry Banks to the Governor. May.'KHh 

Solicits an appointment in the Select Corps of Militia of Virginia Richmond 
ordered to be raised by act of Congress. 

Thomas Nelson to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. MaydOth 

Having been honored by the Bxecutive with the command of a com- Richmond 
pany of Light Infantry in one of the battallions of the 68th Regiment, 
which company will be very soon full, but is entirely without arms, by 


1794. which it is prevented in great measure from performing its duties, to 
May 30th do which that part which is already formed is very solicitous, I take 
the liberty to make this representation to the Hon'ble Board, and re- 
quest that I may be allowed to procure for the Company, from some of 
the public Arsenals, such number of Arms and accoutrements as the 
Board may think fit to allow. This request will perhaps seem the more 
reasonable, and I shall appear the more excusable for the liberty I take 
in making it, when it is considered that the Company is established in 
a part of the State which is very near the sea coast, and open and ex- 
posed to all foreign invasion and practical inroad, to which, from present 
appearances, we have reason to believe we shall be very subject not long 

I have to inform the Board that the Company is not all as yet in 
uniform, but the men are preparing and furnishing themselves with it; 
so that before the arms could be sent to them from the Arsenal it will 
be completely uniformed. If the Board should think fit to allow arms, 
&c., I could wish that a box of light arms could be directed to be fur- 
nished from the Upper Arsenal, as I am informed that there are 
scarcely any at all, and none in order in Richmond. 

I have, &c. 


Soliciting an appointment as Major in the Militia expected to be 
called into service of United States. 

May 30th Mingo, a slave, the property of Richard H. Corbin, of Middlesex 
county, convicted in the County Court of said county, on the 28th day 
of April, 1794, of preparing and exhibiting medicine, to be administered 
to George Turner, of Caroline county, was found guilty of said offence 
and condemned to be hanged. ^ 



The petition of Samuel Waddy, of the county of Louisa, for the re- 
mission of a fine imposed on him for retailing liquor contrary to law, 
and giving explanation of his conduct in vindication thereof. 



Monthly Statement of Expenditures of Monies on account of Gun Car- 1794. 
riages, iftiplements, &c., and the Fortification of Norfolk Harbor by May 31st 
Daniel Bedinger, Agent : 

May 10. 

On account of Gun Carriages, &c., paid sundries, viz 

Jesse Hodges, for Gin Iron Blocks & fall, 

complete, - - - - 122 98 

John Poster, for nine 24 lb. gun Carriages, 

with Iron work, complete, - - 322 50 

William Graves, for powder for sealing 

the guns, - - - - 164 04 

On account of the Fortifications, paid Sun- 
dries, viz: 
May 2. William Vaughan, for a temporary Bar- 
racks & shed for tools, &c., 
Tucker & Calvert, for Shovels, 
8. George Wilson, for wheelbarrows, 
10. Edmund Powell, for lime, 
14. Thomas Jones, for spades, 
17. John Jenkins, for lime, 

Johnston & Foster, for spades, 
22. James Rider, for lime, 
24. William Brock, for provisions, 
27. Robert Tart, for a Boat, - 

30. Negro Dick, for lime, . . - 

31. George Wilson, for wheelbarrow, 
George Billups, for scantling and plank, - 

Advanced to Sundries on Acc't, to- wit : 
Max Herbert, on acc't platforms, 100 00 
John Foster, " do. 17 00 

William Vaughan, do. 100 00 

Wm. Graves, Labourer, Labor, 120 00 

39 22 

40 00 
54 00 
1 364 

5 85 
25 20 
19 50 
17 70 
159 92 
22 00 

3 00 
36 00 
78 91 

337 00 

609 52 

Norfolk, May 3l8t, 1794. 

851 94 

1,461 46 



l>r. Tiie Ufiitod BtAteis, is aoe. wiUi Daniel Bedinger. 




liny 3L — To CuiMk paiid wiDdiiev oo 

Maj L— Bj Cash reed 

iji«ocoij|jt of iLti FortifioitiojuK of 

of William LdDdaaj, 

Noiioik Jiiirbor, riz; 

Ck>llector of District 

Wiliitifli Vi4i|rbao, lor build' 

of Norfolk & Porta- 


1,000 00 

Mfid Hh^ t^^r itupi«ai/eoi«y 

|>royi«ion«; Ac,, - 

^ 22 

Tu<;ker & Calvert, ior Shov- 


40 00 

Uaorg^ VflinoUf ior wheel- 


54 00 

l^ifiiufid Powell, ior lime, 

13 64 


TbomuAt Jones, lor 8(>ade(i, 

5 S5 

Johti JerikiiiN, ior lime, 

25 20 ^ 

Johrmton & Foster, for 




Hpades, - 

19 50 1 

J allies Rider, for lime, 

17 70 i 

William Krock, for provis- 


159 92 

Robert Tart, for a Boat, - 


Nuj^ro Uiek, for lime, 


400 03 

June ist PiiiL. Johnston to thb Governor. 

The (joininissions for the Officers of Yirginia Regiment I have the 

honor to command, oame to hand some time past, whieh I delivered to 

my Mt\|oni, with instructions to them to be delivered to the officers of 

their respective Battalions immediately, who informs me that on the 

olteiing the commissions at a meeting of the officers for that particular 

purpose, on discovery of the Light Infantry officers having the Bank of 

many Oontlemen who wore entitled to Bank, refused to accept their 

eommlssions, unless the precedent was general throughout the State, of 

whieh you will iniorm me. 

1 have, &c. 



Wederk^kih ^^^ innuplianeo with the promise contained in my last. I Attended at 

^>^^ the Distriei Oeurl at DumlViea in order to sustain the inqnisitions 

whieh lia<) been found tor the Commonwealth in the county of Londono, 


mud ma aorrr to aAi tk»L ii €<oati«49MK>^ of it» kATxi^ W<«i inUi^yrviMU^ ^ <r^ 

qaiiy into tW Meiite ot tW title to tW Land. 

I also toud in tke nme covrt ma iaqiusitio* l^«d ;^i:«i«$l iW :^W 
before t^ fise^cmlor lor tlie eoulr d Pairdou and wvEKvivim^ il w^ 
dotT to mttMid lo tkk mk«K I took sacli exo^iott^ U> il »» indiHXsl iK^i^ 
Court to qQuh thai likewiso, so that tho bftMWMts^ ia th« aK>x^ naai^l 
coonties is mgmin to be eooiBiescedf when I hope il hm^* be ^^ coDidiHH^ 
as to suffer it to progress lo an altimate deeisioiu 

Under my original inslmclion^ I shall attend the &eheator of Pan- 
qaier, oo the 25th instant, and of Piedenek on the tst ot Jal^« 

I haTi\ *e. 

Samtsl a. Otis to thk Qovkrnor, jun^ M 

In obedience to the order of Congress^ I do myself the honor to tran«« OiMw 
mil to your Excellency a copy of the Journals of Senate ot United ^^|^^^^^ 
States, at the first session of the third Congress. I'nUe^l 

1 shall thank you for a line acknowledging the receipt of the CK>py. *^*^^** 

I have, &o. 

John Tinsley to Jambs Wood, Libutbnamt-Uovkrnor. jun«i Oil 

As the Court of the County of Fluvanna, which is the place of my Ulohmuml 
residence, has delayed to send forward their rocommendationH Ibr the 
proper officering the militia of said county agreeable to law, and an 
there are none of the present officers of the militia who appear to bu 
disposed to solicit the command of the Light Infkntry company (re- 
quired by law), I am under these circumstances induced to make appli- 
cation to your honorable board for the said appointment of Cupt. of tlio 
Light Company, and do recommend as my subalterns, Mr. Matt lladun 
and Br. John Wills. 

If the Board thinks there will be no impropriety in issuing the com- 
missions on this application^ they will particularly oblige roe by as 
speedy a decision as may be convenient. 

I have, &o. 

Dudley Woodworth to thb Govbrmor. 4un« M 

Solicits an appointment as Captain or First Lieutenant in the militia likhimmA 
ordered out by Congress. 



I7M. Hamvkl Marsh to the Goverxor. 

4ti/M; 22^1 H//lf/;itfng ftppoifiiment m Xotarj Public for Norfolk. 

4nm Zfl A t/tni 'An\ Company of the finit Battalion of the 54 Regiment of Militia 
that went to work on Port Nelaon the 2l8t daj of Jane, 1794, com- 
mande<l by William Vanghan : 

Per^/fuf names who went to the Fort. 

William Vaughan, Henry Williams, 

Hugh McPherson, William Atkinson, 

John Henderson, William Clark, 

Benjamin Payne, James Christie, 

(Jhristr^pher Pry, John Abbott, 

Daniel McPherson, Thomas Ryan. 
Bamuel Marsh, 

Those who sent Substitutes, 

Herman Redman, John Nivison, 

John Taylor, Soudamore Nichols, 

John Logan, Richard Burk, 

Charles Smith, Thomas Gatewood. 
William Pennock, 

Those who refused, 

John Rlliott, Warren Ashley, 

John Saunders, Ensign, Benjamin Lindsay, 

Francis Foster, Sergeant, Daniel Dar, 

James Barr3% James Dewsbury, 

Thomas Miller, Dempsey Casey, 

Quinton Clark, Joseph Dean, 

John M. Burt, James Hall, 

John Raynolas, Adam Lindsay, 

Oeorgo Kemp, William Lawson, 

Philo Mills, John Southgate, 

William Kemp, Phinehas Dana, 

George Stewart, William Cooke, 

James Heron, John Randall. 
Josiah Btgsby, 

Cfuard on that day, 

Francis Thorogood, Sergt., William Clark (Refused), 

John Bigg, Dunbar Sloan, 

John Nivison, Scud*m Nicols, 

1^ John Klliott cRefUsed), Charles Mortimore. 


Samuel Oolemak to the LrRFTEKAKT-i^ovRRKOR. 1794. 

To aid in ^nciiitating the hofiine^ ot or^ni^ing 11,377 of tho Militin Jwtm* M 
of Tii^inia, in puTBuanee of the laws of Con^n"t^<5s. I Keg leave to ^tHt<» 
for the information of the Executive, thai the Mihtia of Tirginin com- 
pofie 101 Ikegimentfi. aB per the enclosed f^tatemer.t. in which is noted 
the particular sitaation ol esLvh, 

Be pleased to consider the said statement a$i a Report, which hereto- 
fore it has heen mv dutv to make to the EKecutive. 

1 have. kc. 

Statbitekt of THE Mn.TTTA OF Vtei^txta. .Ttine M 

Na of Regiment, 1. — Amelia : 855 Free whit<? males of 16 years and 
upwards, according to Congress. Brigade 4. Division I. Ot^nieed 
hy Commissioning Field Officers and 9 Companies, Light Infkntry ndt 
specially Commissioned. 

Beg't 2. — Accomack: 1,149 Free white males of 16 year« and up- 
wards. Brigade 9. Division 4, Field OfRcera and 12 Companies in- 
eluding two Light Infantry Commissioned. The number of iVee white 
males of 16 years & upwards here stated is but half ot that oontAined 
in the County, as hy the amendatory Militia law pastel at the last 8^- 
sion of Assembly this county is to com(>ose an additional Regiment. 

Reg t 3. — Orange: 1317 Free white males ot 16 years A upwards. 
Brigade 1. 2 Division. Organized as the Second Regiment. 

Reg't 4. — Ohio: 1,222 Free white males ot 16 yearn v% upwarits. Bri- 
gade 10. 3 Division. OrganiKe<l as the Second Regiment. 

Reg't 5. — Culpeper: 1,124 Free whites of 16 years & up ward i(. Bri- 
gade 1. Division 2. This County eompt)«ea two Regiments, and the 
remark against the County of Accomack an it renpects the nttmber of 
Free white males of 16 years and upwards in applicable here. The 
commissions to the field & Light Infantry Ot!icot*8 only to both Regi- 
ments have been issued. 

Reg't 6. — Middlesex & Essex: 1,315 Free white males of IB years & 
upwards. Brigade 14. Division 4. The commissionB have Issued to a 
Major and four Companies for Middlesex, which composes the flfsi Bat* 
talion, and the second Battalion, composed of the Militia of ffissex, has 
not yet been commissioned. No recommendation. 

Reg't 7. — Norfolk: 884 Free wl^ite males of 10 years ft upwards. 
Brigade 9. Division 4. This Regiment is Offlcerefi ; but as ibis county 
composes another Regiment not yet organized, and as the free white 
males of 16 and upwards in the Borough of Norfolk which composes 
another Regiment are included in the number stated in the Oefisus, I 
have only annexed ooe-third of the said free white males. 

Reg't 8 — Rockbridge: 1^517 Free white males of 16 years and tip- 




1794. wards. 13 Brigade. 3 Division. Not commissioned. The recom- 
Jane 2d mendation has been received but wants some explanation, which is 

Reg't 9. — King & Queen : 995 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 14. Division 4. Commissioned Field Officers & 12 
Companies, including 2 Companies of Light Infantry. 

Reg't 10. — Bedford: 893 Free white males of 16 yeara & upwards. 
Brigade 12. Division 1. Field Officers. 12 Captains, including two 
for Light Infantry, together with subalterns for Light Infantry, only 
Commissioned. This County composes two Eegiments, both in the 
same predicament ; half of the free white males upwards of 16 years 

Reg*t 11. — Harrison & Randolph : 708 Free white males of 16 y^ears 
and upwards. Brigade 10. Division 3. This Regiment is organized 
by commissioning a Lt.-Col. Commandant, Major, &c. Companies, in- 
cluding one Company of Light Infantry in Harrison & a major and 3 
companies in Randolph. 

Reg't 12. — Fluvanna: 589 Free whites of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 3. Division 2. Organized by Commissioning Field Officers & 
6 Companies. 

Reg't 13. — Shenandoah : 1,205 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 7. Division 3. Organized by Commissioning Field 
Officers and 12 Companies, including 2 Companies of Riflemen, contain- 
ing half the number of free white males upwards of 16 years in the 

Reg't 14. — Hardy : 1,108 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 10. Division 3. Organized by Commissioning Field Officers & 
10 Companies. 

Reg't 15. — Sussex: 1,215 Free whites of 16 years & upwards. Bri- 
gade 8. Division 4. Field Officers & 10 Commissioned. 

Reg't 16. — Spotsylvania : 1,361 Free whites of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 1. Division 2. Organized, Field Officers & 12 Companies, in- 
cluding 2 of Light Infantry Commissioned. 

Reg't 17. — Powhatan & Cumberland: 1,508 Free white males. Bri- 
gade 4. Division 1. A Major & 6 Companies commissioned in Pow- 
hatan, and the other Field Officers and 6 Companies in Cumberland. 

Reg't 18. — Patrick : 762 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 12. Division 1. Field Officers & 11 Companies, including 2 
Rifle Companies Commissioned. 

Reg't 19. — City of Richmond: 912 free white males of 16 years and 
upwards. Brigade 2. Division 4. Field officers and 10 companies 
including 2 Light companies commissioned. 

Reg't 20. — Princess Anne: 1,169 Free white males of 16 years and 
upwards. Brigade 9. Division 4. Field officers and 11 companies, in- 
cluding 2 companies of Light Infantry commissioned. 

Reg't 21. — Gloucester: 799 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 


Brigade 14. Division 4. Field officers and eight Captains commis- 1794. 
sioned. Wait for recommendations. June 2d 

Beg't 22. — Mecklenburg : 929 Free males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 15. Division 1. Field officers and 12 companies, including 2 of 
Light Infantry commissioned, (half the free white males, &c). 

Reg't 23. — Chesterfield: 1,652 free white males of 16 yeara and up- 
wards. Brigade 4. Division 1. Completely organized. • 

Reg't 24. — Buckingham: 1,274 free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 4. Division 1. Field officers and fourteen companies 

Reg't 25. — King George : 757 Free white male of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 5. Division 2. Field officers and 8 companies commissioned. 

Reg*t 26. — Charlotte : 1,285 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 11. Division 1. Field officers and 12 companies, in- 
eluding 2 of Light Infantry commissioned. 

Reg't 27. — Northampton: 857 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 9. Division 4. Field officers and 9 companies, includ- 
ing 1 of Light Infantry commissioned. 

Beg't 28. — Amherst: 1,028 Free males of 16 years and upwards 
Brigade 3. Division 2. Completely organized. 

Reg't 29.— Isle of Wight: 1,208 Free white males of 16 years and 
upwards. Brigade 8. Division 4. Completely organized. 

Reg't 30. — Caroline: 1,799 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 1. Division 2. Completely organized. 

Reg't 31. — Frederick: 1,918 Free males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 16. Division 3. Field officers and 12 companies, including 2 
companies of Light infantry commissioned, (rank not ascertained.) 

Reg't 32. — Augusta: 2,048 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 7. Division 3. Field officers and 12 companies, including 2 of 
Light infantry commissioned. 

Reg't 33. — Henrico: 912 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 2. Division 4. Field officers and 11 companies, including one 
company of Light Infantry commissioned. 

Reg't 34. — Culpeper: 1,124 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 1. Division 2. See 5th Reg't. This is exactly in the same 

Reg't 35. — Wythe: 678 Free males of 16 years & upwards. Brigade 
17. Division 3. This county composes 2 Regiments; 1 has been 

Reg't 36.— Prince William: 822 Free white males of 16 years & 
upwards. Brigade 5. Division 2. This county composes 2 Regiments; 
1 has been organized. 

Reg't 37. — Northumberland: 1,046 Free white males of 16 years and 
upwards. Brigade 14. Division 4. No recommendation has ever come 
to hand. 


17M. Reet '% — Gooehlduiri : Li)ffi Free irki^ oi^&Les oc I» jeus 4 vpwsrds. 

■He id Briga^ 3. l>I^>ioii i Cocapietcij •>r^^aiz£ti. 

Re^^t 3I>- — Ditkwidditt: ^5^ Pr^e wiine iii^'is§ -3^ I«5 jears & apir&rds. 
Briga^ I^. DiTkion L Tbf:i e»a&tj e»>aLpo««e( 2 Rejcimeiits.; ooe h&s 
teen of^gauiixed. 

R^t 40. — Loaiaa: d^T Fn£« irbiie ba^ <>c 1^ ve&rs k apw^rds. 
Brijga/ie 3. Ditmod 2. Fiei^i Ofiei^s 4 !•> oo<np«nie§ coaunisaoaed. 

Reg't 4L — Biebfnofkd 4 Weataior«iAa«i : L^ld Fi^e irkice m^ies oi 16 
3re*f» jukd opwardA. Briga^ie 14. I>iTisi'>ci4. Wes^tmoreUnd Battmlion 
ofkir commtMiooed. No reeommettdjuion 6^111 Bichnioiid. 

Reg^t 42. — ^PitUjIranuk: LiKM Free irhite m^ks of 16 jears 4 upwards. 
BrigaMle IL IHrision 1. This coanir composes two Regiments. Dis- 
poie« respeeiiDg Rank bas prevented the organ i ration of either. 

Reg't 43. — Franklin : 1^266 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 12. Division 1. Completelj organised. 

Reg't 44. — Faaqoier: 1^337 Free white males of 16 years 4 ap wards. 
Brigade 5. Division 2. In the same situation with the 42 R^ment. 

Reg't45. — Stafford: 1^1 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 5. Division 2. JReld officers and 14 companies commissioned. 

Reg^t 46. — Pendleton: 568 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 10. Division 3. Field officers 4 8 companies commissioned. 

Reg't 47. — ^Albemarie: 852 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 3. Division 2. Field officers 4 10 companies, including 2 of 
Light Infiantry, commissioned. 

Beg't48. — Botetourt: 1^018 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 13. Division 3. Completely organized. 

Reg"! 49. — Nottoway: ^5 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 4. Division 1. Completely organized. 

Rcg't 50. — Greensville: 669 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 15. Division L Field officers 4 8 companies commissioned. 

Reg't 51. — Frederick: 1,918 Free white males of 16 years 4 upwards. 
Brigade 16. Division 3. See the 31st Regiment. This is in the same 

Reg't52. — Charles City and New Kent: 1,137 Free white males of 
16 years and upwards. Brigade 2. Division 4. Completely organized. 
'Reg't 53. — Campbell: 1,236 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 12. Division 1. Completely organized. 

Reg't 54. — Norfolk Borough: 884 Free white males of 16 years and 
upwards. Brigade 9. Division 4. Field officers and 6 companies com- 

Reg't55. — Berkeley: 2,126 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 16. Division 3. Completely organized. 

Rog*t 56. — Loudoun: 1,838 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 6. Division 2. Field officers only commissioned. 

Ileg't 57. — ^Loudoun : 1,838 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 6. Division 2. Field officers only commissioned. 


Seg't 58. — ^Bockingham: 1,816 Free white males of 16 years and up- 1794. 
wards. Brigade 7. Division 3. Field officers commissioned. The June 2d 
recommendation of Captain and subalterns has been received, but wants 
explanation which is requested. 

Reg't 59. — Nansemond: 1,215 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 8. Division 4. Completely organized. 

Reg't 60. — Fairfax: 2,138 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 6. Division 2. Completely organized. 

Reg't 61.--Mathews : 798 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 14. Division 4. Field officers and 8 companies, including 2 
companies of Light Infantry commissioned. 

Reg't 62. — Prince George: 965 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards, Brigade 8. Division 4. Field officers and 11 companies, in- 
cluding 1 of Light Infantry commissioned. 

Reg't 63. — ^Prince Edward: 1,044 Free white males of 16 years and 
lipwards. Brigade 11. Division 1. Completely organized. 

Reg't 64. — Henry: 1,523 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 12. Division 1. Field officers and 7 companies, including 2 
Rifle companies commissioned. 

Reg't. 65. — Southampton : 1,632 Free white males of 16 years and 
upwards. Brigade 8. Division 4. Completely organized. 

Reg't 66. — Brunswick: 736 Free white males of 16 years and up- 
wards. Brigade 15. Division 1. Field officers only commissioned. 

Reg't 67. — Berkeley : 2,126 Free white males of 16 j^ears & upwards. 
Brigade 16. Division 3. Completely organized. 

Reg't 68.— Elizabeth City, James City, Warwick, and York: 1,491 
Free white males of 16 years and upwards. Brigade 2. Division 4. 
Field officers and 12 companies, including 1 company of Light Infantry 

Reg. 69. — Halifax: 1,107 Free white males of 16 years and upwards. 
Brigade 11. Division 1. Completely organized. 

Reg. 70. — Washington: 1,287 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 17. Division 3. Completely organized. 

Reg't 71. — Surry 732 : Free white males of 16 years & upwards. Bri- 
gade 8. Division 4. Field Officers and 8 Companies Commissioned. 

Reg't 72. — Russell: 434 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 17. Division 3. A Lt.-Colonel, 1 Major and 6 Companies, in- - 
eluding 1 Company of Grenadiers Commissioned. 

Reg't 73. — Lunenburg: 1,110 Free white males of 16 years & up- 
wards. Brigade 15. Division 1. Completely organized. 

Reg't 74- — Hanover: 819 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 2. Division 4. Completely organized. 

Reg't 75. — Montgomery: 1,018 Free white males of 16 years & up- • 
wards. Brigade 17. Division 3. Completely organized. 

Reg't 76. — Monongalia: 1,089 Free white males of 16 years & up- 




^7M, wftrda. Brif^aAe 10. Division 3. Field Officers coiiuni»ioaed by advice 
Jfnne 2d (A Conncil. 

Keu^t 77. — Hampshire: 1.^2 Free \rhite males of 16 years k apwards. 
Brii(ade 10. Divwion 3. Completely orjzaiiize«i. 

Re^t 78, — Grayjwn: ^8 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Bri^i^ade 17. Division 3. Field Officers and 10 Companies, including 2 
of Riflemen Commissioned. 

RejB^t 79. — Greenbrier: 732 Free white maies of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 13. Division 3. Organized. 

Reg't 8. — Kanawha: 731 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 13. Division 3. No recommendation. 

Reg't 81^ — Bath: 551 Free white males ot 16 years k upwards. Bri- 
gade 13. Divi.sion 3. Field Officers k 10 Companies, including 2 Com- 
panies of Riflemen Commissioned. 

Reg^t 82. — Madison: 1,124 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 1. Division 2. Completely organized. 

Reg't 83. — Dinwiddie: 895 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 15. Division 1. Recommendation received and Commission 
issued immediately. 

Reg't 84. — Halifax: 1,107 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 11. Division 1. Completely organized. 

Reg't 85. — Fauquier: 1,337 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 5. Division 2. In the same situation with the 44th. 

Reg't 86. — Montgomery : 1,018 Free white males of 16 years k up- 
wards. Brigade 17. Division 3. No recommendation. 

Reg't 87. — King William: 723 Free white maies of 16 years k up- 
wardpi. Brigade 14. Division 4. This Regiment is entirely without 
officers, the Court having failed to recommend according to law. 

Reg't 88. — Albemarle: 852 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 3. Division 2. Completely organized. 

Rog't 89. — Prince William: 822 Free white males of 16 yeara & up- 
wards. Brigade 5. Division 2. No recommendation. 

Rog't 90. — Amherst: 1,028 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 3. Division 2. Completely organized. 

Rog't 91. — Bedford: 893 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigado 12. Division 1. In the same situation with the 10th Regiment. 

Rog't 92.-*-Lan caster: 635 Free white males of 16 yeara & upwards. 
Brigado 14. Division 4. A m^jor k five companies commissioned. 

Rog't 93. — Hanover: 819 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigado 2. Division 4. Completely organized. 

Rog't 04. — lioe: 300 Free white malos of 16 years k upwards. Bri- 
gado 17. Division 3. A major k five companies, inoluding 1 of Grena- 
dlorsi commisslonod. 

Rog't 95. — Norfolk: 884 Free white males of 16 years k upwards. 
Brigade 9. Division 4. Recommendation wants explanation, which is 


Reg't 96. — Brunswick : 736 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 17^. 
Brigade 15. Division 1. No recommendation. June 2d 

Reg't 97. — Shenandoah: 1,204 Free white males of 16 years & up- 
wards. Brigade 7. Division 3. Completely organized. 

Reg't 98. — Mecklenburg: 928 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 15. Division 1. No recommendation. 

Reg't 99. — Accomack: 1,148 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 9. Division 4. No recommendation. 

Reg't 100. — Wythe: 678 Free white males of 16 years & upwards. 
Brigade 17. Division 3. No recommendation. 

Reg't 101. — Pittsylvania: 1,0(54 Free white males of 16 years & up- 
wards. Brigade 11. Division 1. See the 42 Regiment. This is in the 
same predicament. 

Edw'd Carrington to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. June 2d 

The enclosed letter, from Mr. Peyton, is enclosed to me by Mr. Smith, Richmond 
as Inspector of Revenue, as amounting to a draft for four hundred and 
eighty-six dollars & 53 cents, which have been advanced to Mr. Peyton 
for the purposes therein stated. I will thank you to take such steps as 
will give me the money from the Treasury, in order that it may be 
placed to Mr. Smith's credit in my Books. 

I am, &c., 

R. QuARLBs TO Jambs Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. j^ne 2d 

When my Contractor for the Post, under my direction, engaged to Richmond 
furnish Rations at 6} per Ration, it was under an Idea that he was not 
to be exposed to the trouble of Issuing said Rations. I therefore have 
taken the Liberty, as you may perceive, to make an Increase of 5 shil- 
lings per month to the wages of my Sergt., & have imposed on him that 

If the Board think proper, I will .proceed to have a wheel made and 
the necessary articles prepared at the Post for the purpose of polishing 
our mountings & Locks; it will greatly facilitate that business, & will 
not, I presume, cost more than four or five pounds. 

I have, &c. 

Tho. Newton, Jr., to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. j^ne 3d 

The enclosed recommendations for Aldermen 1 have forwarded, that Norfolk 
if the Council think proper we may have the Commissions down that 


'A^i^-MijC^.j tii. *P ^^^^^^ 

-*i# -^ >*r r* A 

i'^^Ar ,5*ii#ri«Vlp» 


^p^'j^Tj^ 2^tt/ 4«wt Unnrx!^ Lii^^sftL 'T««m:. ji» ice ytssan^ la Kxa&iSA eke 

I^M<v^vM ^i^^AA ff^f IftAC 64Rmdi ffttanw w«br« nunie eo tbe BospI I h^re lost a 
f#4f.lvf*»i <w^4 y*lrK^hU riwtml^f of mj ^hop^Tia.: Robert Fowler, Arm- 
fmfhf, wymff w\i^, ^fiirino^ Km Wtf:, wm ftTloweri to receire a Ration from 
HiH l^lMf/f, *f»4 Ma(( now Wt ID rerj iiwiigent circamstaneea^ I have 
ihfmiiitl \ff(f\f^ U» iu\^\im irttk the Execattve respecting the continoance 
</l ^i^r l(#lf^yr>. Wbat^inref the Board may think proper to determine 
hu fHH\fMii\uti tb» r:/intinfjaRee of their Boanty to Mrs. Fowler shall on 
UffiMS(mi\ifU Uf m*t ^Hi duly fexecated. 

I am, ke. 


h«it(( H<l WuddAM Hammhh, (}ifiORii8 Graham, and John Williams to 

TiiK Governor. 

MumiMm 'I*'*** **(><^lf'**^^<l '" ^ '^^i*^ ^'^ ''^^^^ ^^^ h^ye formed themBelves into an 
llidM|HMMi«tnt< VoliMiloMr ('Om|mny of Infantry, have choseo their own 
(iniiMii'N, Mild wild III ('otit'onnity with the third section of the Act of 
OoiigriMi. oiitlUud nil Aot direotiiig a Dotaohment from the Militia of 
UiM lUilVwl HiaitMi, do kortsby off\»r thamselvos to you as part of the said 


Detachment. We should wish to know ai^ soon as poasiblo whelhor or 1794. 
not we shall be accepted of and CommissioQed, as it will prevout the June 3d 
Company from going to considerable expense. We also wish to know 
how far we may be subject to the present Militia Law, and it we are to 
attend Battalion & B^mental musters> what Rank we are to take as a 
Company, and i^ after a Draughty there are any of the men Draughted 
who are willing to Uniform themselves they may not be permitted to 
join our Company? 

We find great difficulty in procuring musketts there being none to be 
bad either in Alexandria or Baltimore. 

We are, &o. 

In pursuance of a law of Congress of the 9th of May, 1794, entitled 
an act directing a detachment from the militia of the United States, 
ind in conformity to the third section of the said aut, which authorises 
the Executives of the several states to accept of Independent volunteer 
oorps as part of the said detachment, we the subscribers do form our- 
selves into an independent volunteer company of Intantry, to act under 
the aforesaid law, and do hereby also subject ourselves to such rules 
and regulations as shall be adopted by a minority of the company for 
the Government thereof. 

Wm. Barnes, Captain, W. II. (lilbert, 

George Graham, Lieutenant, Loltus Noel, 

John Williams, Ensign, Mungo Hancock, 

Samuel Davis, Thos. Oliver, 

John McCrery, James Hayes, 

Geo. Williams, John Hronaugh, 

John Daniel, Goo. Brooke, 

Jesse Williams, James Uuionett, 

Asa Blansett, John O'Connor, 

William Scott, John BCusohott, 

Jas. Triplett, Jaroos Barnett, 

George Johnston, William Gunyon, 

David Boyle, James Johnston, 

Christopher Russell, John Atwell, 

Jesse Taylor, Ezekiel Donnell, 

Hugh Atwell, Geo. Lane, 

Esme Smock, James Deneal, 
Peter F. Manger, 
f^everal others have promised to sign, but are absent at present. 

Uniform of the above company, viz : 

Cocked Hats with a black feather tipped with red, and the Cockade 
of the United States. Black Stock, long blue court facd with red and 
lined with white shalloon. White vest and breeches with black knee 
baods, white stodcings. and black spatter dashes. 



1794. Joseph Jones to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. 

June 3d Praying that the fine imposed on him as sheriff of Dinwiddie county 
bo reduced to £50 or £60, if not remitted altogether. 

June 3d The damages on the Judgment obtained against John Jones as Sher- 
iff of Dinwiddie county for the tax duo for the year 1788, amounted 
to four hundred and eighty-six pounds 8-5, which sum was remitted 
by the General Assembly on the return ot the execution satisfied, ex- 
cept as to damages by Joseph Jones, his successor. 

Auditor's Office, 7th June, '94. 

June 4th Thos. Nbwton, Jr., to the Governor. 

Norfolk Inclosed your Excellency will receive an order passed by a court of 
Aldermen, this day, which I hope will have a good effect, but if your 
Excellency would issue a proclamation forbidding such proceedings, 
calling on the good people to aid the Justices in their duty, I am sensi- 
ble it would have the best of effects. 

I will do myself the honor of waiting on you in the course of the 
day, and am with the greatest respect, 

Your, &c. 

Norfolk Borough : 

At a Court oi Aldermen summoned and held the 4th day of June, 

Present. — Thos. Newton, Jr., Esq., Mayor, Richard E. Lee, Esq., Re- 
corder, Paul Loyall, James Taylor, Donald Campbell, Baylor Hill Gent. 
Aldermen : 

The court taking into consideration the riot raised in the town yes- 
terday, and being determined to suppress any thing of the kind in 
future, came to the following resolutions : 

That the Mayor be requested to publish in hand-bills, for the informa- 
tion of the citizens of this Corporation, that the Mayor, Recorder, and 
Aldermen are determined to exert themselves in preserving the peace 
of the Town, and to bring to punishment all who offend against the 
Law ; and that a copy of this Resolution be transmitted to his Excel- 
lency the Governor. 

A Copy — Teste: 



W. F. Peake to the Governor. 1794. 


As I am now a residenter of the State of Kentucky, if you think that June 5th 
I am In titled to any Land for Services in the late War, as you formerly Richmond 
told us we should Receive, I should Esteem it as a perticular favor in 
you to inform me how I am to Git it. And as for my acc^ts you was 
kind Enough to receive with my Petition that you sent to your Brother 
to Congress, I have heard nothing of. Your Brother told me he Rec'd 
no papers but the Petition. I hope you will assist me as far as is just. 
I likewise should be much Obliged to you for your Interest with Gen- 
eral Pickering to get me in the Post Line in Kentucky, as Riding is the 
only Business I am able to Perform, Occationed by my wounds Rece*d 
when commanded by you. I am now on my way to Philadelphia on 
that Business, and should be happy to receive advise from you by the 
stage sent to the Post Office in Philadelphia. 

Your fav'r shall be acknowledged by • 

Your, &c., 

A certificate of this man's services is necessary to obtain his bounty 
in land. 

Thomas Parker to the Governor. June 6th 

The day after I had the honor to write j'ou by Mr. Carter, I received Frederick 
ray appointment as agent for this district, and since that time a dupli- ^^i^^y 
cate signed by the Lientenani-Governor; but no instructions have yet 
come to hand, which induces me to believe that they may have miscar- 
ried. I will therefore thank your Excellency to order them on, that I 
may proceed on the business which I am auctions to com pleat as soon 
as possible. I beg your Excellency's advice with respect to a volunteer 
Troop of Horse who arc forming themselves in this neighborhood, & 
who have selected me to take the command of them. 

They are nearly equipped, and will oblige themselves to march at a 

moment's warning. They still continue to do duty in the respective 

companies of militia to which they belong. Perhaps they might be 

accepted as part of the State's Quota that are ordered to be in readiness. 

If this can be done, I will thank you for information, or if there is any 

impropriety in forming such a corps, I will thank you exceedingly to 

advise roe oi it. 

I have, &c. 

John , Mayo to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. June 6th 

As the Bill which was pending before Congress for the establishment Richmond 
of a Select Militia throughout the United States has passed into a law, 


1794. and as it has ever been my predominent wish to answer the first call of 
June 6th my country in a military line, I hope I shall not be thought presumptuous 
in offering my services as one of the quota allotted to this State. If 
officers who have had the advantage of practical knowledge in military 
affairs are to be had to fill those offices, I am too much the friend of my 
country to wish to advance myself to the exclusion of them, or the pre- 
judice of our common cause; but if in making the arrangements, your 
honorable board should find it necessary to travel into the circle of those, 
who like myself, know these things only in theory. 1 trust the glory of 
our country will never be tarnished, or their confidence misplaced by 
the appointment with which they may think proper to honor me. 

1 am, &c. 

June eth James A. Bradley to the Governor. 

I am informed of several of the Brigades being furnished with Artil- 
lery^ and in having reference to the militia Law of 1792, 1 find that the 
Council are orthorized to commission officers necessary to a Company of 
Artillery to each Brigade. Conceiving it consistent to desire you to fur- 
nish the Eighth Brigade with which number of cannon that has been 
furnished other Brigades, or you may think proper to furnish the one 
above alluded to, have directed this Letter to the care of Captain Joseph 
Weiserger, who will hand it to you, and if you think proper to have any 
cannon furnished, will take charge of it — you being so good as to inform 
him whether they are forwarded to each Brigade by the Public or at 
the expence of the Brigade. If the former, I must solicit you to have 
them sent immediately to Petersburg; if the latter, you will be good 
enough to advise Captain Weisiger of it and he will have it done. 

Should we be furnished with artillery, which is my opinion we ought 
to be, the recommendations of the officers necessary to the company 
shall be immediately forwarded to you. Hopeful I have not this, or 
have I on any former occasion, solicited or asked for is not at present, 
or would not in a little time I am fearfull; But for the quiet and happi- 
ness of our Country be proper should take place. 

If I have, attribute it not to design, but from a zeal to sea the militia 
of my Brigade will — tred. It shall be my studdy to have thom dis- 

I am a friend to peace and prefer it, but I am fearfull we have pre- 
ferred the latter too long. I am no longer of opinion we should bruke 
the Insults of those Pendantick wretches the (Britons), and show them 
we have spirit to meet them again in the field of Battle, and Bility to 
drub them ; and I am hopefull unless they very soon alter their conduct 
it will take place. 

With very great respect, 4c, 




Mr. Wm. Haj being III, and the difficulty to pi\HHii\> a m(^«^Ung of tho Mww Tlh 
Directors of the Poblie Buildings, Induces me (bein^ one of that binly) HMuiumuI 
to request a further advance of Two Hundred Uollars to tho Stono 
Masons, they being much in want of that sum to pay the Kn^ight ot 
the Stone to this place. 

Am, &i\ 

Henrico County, Sc. : 

I do certifie that I have this day administered to Tho HonMilo Larkin 
Smith the oaths required by the Law of this Statu to ho taken by a 
member of the privy Council, and also the oath required by an Aot uf 

Certified this 7th day of June, 1794. 


Wm. Lindsay to tub Governor. jmi^ 7tl, 

I am jost informed by Mr. Hunter, the dop*y Marshal, that he has rO' N^irfolk 
leased the Ship I^aac by an order from the Judge, and that Mr. (*oop«ir 
informed him the Ship was about to sail. I formerly ttdvinetfi you that 
this vessel was armed and fitted in this Port. 

I am, Sen. 


I was very disagreeably disappofnte^J in iK/t iMring aM« Uf do fuyutAt 
the honor to wait apon yoa y««terday. Tb« wtsmiU^r wmtt m$ UuA umA 
my breast so very painful that I could wA pomUAy UAUfW my imAi$m- 
tiona, and was forced to imbfiiit to ws^ttfiimty, 

I reeeiTed yoor letter, and lake xh\» oppxyrKiftitjr Uf Mmmm y^u ^Hff^^ 
that DO pains shall be waat^ oo my pdirt U0 a«MW«r ym$f tixfttifcUUi^m 
and eooiply witk joar isrtestioirt. We ^^14 $ifA ^MUc^A. imy Uu4Ait Uk 
dAj. I am afinaad it viU Hkewm fcie tln^ tctum UMt^fftt^w. W^c mjmi try 
and make vp tbat lav ^ tiaae mi ^^fm an iAm; h^A$4My^ mst^ <^er. tU^fn^ 
I eockwe a Plaa d F^/n St^Mt. ikIts^ tf^t^m 'mWi fee PAk^w^ed ^ iiml ^4 
the diftiUerj. aa^ ifc^ftir id)«r ior tiie M^'.nnm iry 4f%'mUttiii d ^'frntf 
Hand k ita d tftfrf w» T<HBfO«Tvw f titaii m«»4 |4 a <M > U/ MrUa4U4f4«», n^ 
I expeel W kjire t^«B fmaai^td V>4ar. 

I7# '.jtUt:>McJb 'jf hl^TL ^lTE^. 


$Moyi^4*,i^^ fe0r//f ^4 yr A Ma/ i«<. wjuyiri^ JUM irtiw. ^&i«iL:ii«bi l»:> li^e Pre«sdeDt of 

MMf/r Hty^r4i ^AUUr^A^i ii<*t xnt-lrt ti^ij*iT*iC ^jTiMTf' vonld be required 
iu %4^Uxi^m t/y ti*K ki^m ikf/proi/gi^uA t/> Jiori^Ak. Mi*d be wjis informed 
ihMi \m Utiifhi \tr*ii^AAA ^ym ti^e ynuK\\^*^ of tiukt ^am being mdded. 
Y//^^r %i,\MUii4rt$ Uf ihU UufM/rUiUX ohj^i^n it »fskuow]td^td by ill to have 
f^ftmiiy fiUiWiiAi^A %$A %0'j'M\Hf%uA lie pro^rrefi«. 

f hiiy«^ %\^t iUh hot$//r Uf jn/rkrK/wl^yige tbe receipt of jours of the 31 
t/f Mfiy Mt4 \Uh Z$»4 i rifftsnt; auftXfmn^ nnndry papers relatively to the 
Ur\i\HU Mtiip ('hurim and the British schooner delight, alledged to have 
Uif^iU i'MpUtrM whMu the lirnitM of our protection. The prompt zeal 
wUU'U your KxititlUtuay mnuiUinied on this occasion, id highly acceptable 
Uf iUti I'rimUlaui ofiha iUttUnl .States. 

TiKf Hrftiwh UininUfr has rna^le a memorial on this occasion, to which 
youv i^*xml\tsiHiy*H iU)UiUioX will afford the grounds of satisfactory reply. 
TJMf Hoviimur of Maryland has bocn written to on this occasion. 

A I'lirtlMir MUiit of money shall ho forwarded for the mounting of the 

Vtivuwi tm\ In vouiUUmaQ^ to roquost your information as to the prac- 
tliuililllly of liulldin|( at Norfolk one of the largest frigates, so as to have 
\l ootnploUwl for thci H(<a by the first of May next; the price at which 
iloiirnnynioti Hhlp Oiirpnuturs and Blacksmiths will work per diem. 
I^hu mumrily of thn pliioo in oaso of a war. If any doubt should remain 
HM ill iIiIm pdint it ou^lit to bo removed, for from a general view of the 
imvHl ixtatldUM witloh will bo proper on our Sea Coast, the situation and 
olhMnuHUhooM of tbo ( niosiipouko, that place must be one of the most 

I Mimll uIho bo pi^rtioularly obliged by a confidential opinion of the 
lu«idU of Mr, Ulvartii as an Hnginoor, and, as far as you have opportu- 
iil^Vi of bin ulontM an an artillorist. 

Mi\ Vovmonot In omployiH) upon the fortifications at Alexandria, 
wbiob will bo upon t^ Miimll sohIo« upon Jonos* point, below the Town. 
O^pinlu lUnnab had marohiH) his nHTuiUn tvotbre he received my orders. 
IImI I nhall ^^Mv^r I'uptain Kiohard SiH>tt Klaokburn, who is appointed a 
Oiiplain ^vf AiiillorVi U|h^^ youv Ur\>thor's nH^ommendation, and others 
l\^ i>Mn'\iil tv«r lUo aililU>ry <i^ud !M>ud his rocruiu to Norfolk. 

I havo. ^. 

CAi^sT^Ai: -o^F <!rATF. rxrKS^, f>jii 

cjime to kaiMi u I liaT« apfKdDitfid sax j^oovi:^ <«n iW yVcvhi-i^sr ^-vt ilitii <\v^^\>v 
OD the different ^vjinen^ Jts ycoi dii^cvijud. Tl>ey mv^ :ji^^h ^wk^^ ^ ) it^i^ 
will give satis&ctkA, &&d i>Mid<er a ir(^ jMWWDt Af t^r >ar^r\ikyv. 

From a Ute excnrakKD I hjiTe nuuSe iT)t<^ iIm" wok>«1^ I lilht lli^ INnn^- 
tiers of this eoanty i&i2ch more oxpi^scHi \xs <i*;Txc:^T xh^hXk \ <^vy^r kn^w K^ 
fore. It has been geoendly snx^^ft^i^fHi tlw^ :>»cn}oWfMfit3f4 iw Kay^>kKa h^ 
saffieientlj secured iHir Inhabiiantiv. but thi^ is l>y no w^\\m^ |W 
case. As to thosie in thi« county, <iett4«Hi on tlM" K^n^^K hiu ll^^'^V I^W 
in every degree exposed as much as the Inhahii4int« of Kanawha <^^lniy^ 
I foond amongst the former a widow woman. wh\>^ ca^ 1 mi)^\ )Miy^ 
Her husband is reeently dead, and she livc«^ at tho vory f>ntTan<H^ \\l'a vrar 
trail (formerly much used by the enemy\ with a small tanul^\ 

Tho* we have had no attacks this soas^>n^ if tho war oi>nUnu^ tho ^iv 
suing year, I hope we shall be allowed a (H>mmaiul ot mon for tho milx^t^v 
of that quarter so much exposed. 

I am, &i\, 

Francis Corbin to the Honokahlk .Iamka Wood. Jmiiii UHh 

Soliciting a commission as Colonel in tho militia oiniorod to lu> mimHl 
by act of Congress. 

Thomas Nbwton, Junior, to thk (Jovkhnor. ,I,ii,„ \m^\^ 

But little done at the forts yesterday, and to-day tho fiamo. To'Miot«. Norf^ilk 
row I expect a large party and have hopes of soon c^oinplontln^ Kort 
Norfolk. I shall be down with thorn. 

A vessel arrived from Barbados yostorday, who bririKu afi a^uj't of all 
the American vessels at Martinique being condemned, heeaime iht$y (iUt^ 
owners) were bad men and Enemies U) Great Brittain. ThU U what t 
have heard. I have letters but no news in tbern; 4,000 niorM Troo|Hi 
had arrived there, and the Cork and Lijndon fli^eU, f think th«^y will 
be moving to the continent in the hurricane nionthN, if tlM^y should «(«|l^ 
ceed at St. Domingo, where some of the in^^m were dentiii^n^i, 

I have heard nothing ol the gun« yet, eitb«$r from KIk or th«> CVIM|^# 

I am, 4«. 


ftiu» ,<yx ^?. 4j <>y>irt. ^ ^rj*sr k Terminer a*^*( i^r 21. ae ^liliam. Coaaij the 

' ?"*^ S!:2:f ' ""'^^^ '^^"^ G^nti«i«. Just *. 

Oft ^/r#i»/l^rf»ii//ft //f lb* ^t4^!:ne^ ad'io^^ aj^offt Lewis, the Court 
/I^^IHfM him ((niliy />f tb« ^/ff^^tie^, charged, and orden that he be hang 
//fi ib^ l^b day /d iriljT n«irf, 

^/ri /{//finid^ratk/fi ^d tb4^ eridenc^ adduced against Armistead, the 
iUmri f\M^%rtm bim gtjfliy^ and ordem that he be hang on the 16th day 
ttf Juiy fi*txU 

t'ifihUfU for ibi» fiardon of Ia^ww k ArmisteafJ, condemned to be hung 
by ibn flU't CViurt for King William: 


John iCoanei Jack Mitchell, 

InaM! Qfiarloii, Thoman Qaarlee, 

Ibifij'n Tamploy John HouchiDgs, 

Itobori i'oltani, Carter Braxton, Jr., 

Wrn. (Irijgory, William Ellett. 
KdwM (^ Ohamborlaync, 


,liiii,il)il, Aiioirn Wood to Likutknant-Govkrnor Wood. 

olilii iMMiiily I i*t*(^'<l y<**i^ KxoollotKiy'H Two LottorB by Capt. McCullock, and by 
01100 mMulIng to WInohuNtor aHor Ihu (/iipiain*8 return, roc'd the amount 
ol* Twi) HIIIm (Imwn on Mr Smith. Alexandria B. Bills pass here, altho* 
thi» InhiihltiuitM do not rooolvo thorn tin fVooly as hard Cash ; for my own 
imHi havo no niannor of douht in roooiving them. 

*rh«^ hnlli^nii ban not givon na muoh trouble this season as yet. The 
InlmhUHnU koi^p an oUmo Ijunrtorn us possible, or as their situation will 

It MpptMiit* t^Hnn tho Ut\uit intbrnmtion that our Indian affairs go on 
t^rltty \v\^U to tho w<»«^twartl Wo ari^ tolerably well surrounded now by 
ti«^i'lHiHmi^. *rU0 dUtduee Udt vaoant by CU^noral Wayne, which he did 
luM )|l^rrt»mv ih<e^ Hrtlii^ ha» oiH'upied before him, so that the British 

3idka TO :&!> Haihi at 'WvmKntt^ «W(n* '^^v**^ .v**i*i >avHV ^*Hii'»^ ^M>^^ ' - *^ 

oblige bj oni^ms^ pdkjBMiftl ti^ Ibi^ ^mukh^^I ik^v^th^ Yv'^ >N^ yV^^^"^ 
Wood) kind eMMgb to ^mKl im^ wv«a b^v )lr. \kvtA^^I^^ ^^^^ SV ^ 
would send my ait^*KHuii aI lb« ekniti^ i^ b^l iMvMilb ^1 ^v^^M b^ |H^b^ 

The monoTs reo'd 1^ provWioiv^ a|^ U^ lb\^ Ul \M M^y ^HMl^t^vst ^^^ ^vk 
discharge the debts 1 had eontraote^i Kvr thai AHh'U\ vvI ba\ (H^ HSvk^^V 
on hand puts it in my power to li^y iu ralUmi^ ^^^ UMU^b bs^mv^^ I^^^HH^i-. 
If you or the Uon'ble Boanl. ae^ the iHiiH> ma^' i\H)U(iv, >f(\s\\\\\ y^Y Mu^ 
present month in advance (whieh will be alH»ul Ib^ iMin\^ aimiMUl^ \^(^ \\\^ 
Acc't. now sent) it would serve me exaotly^ btHHumo I «^K|ii^^4 I \\\\\nk MU b^ 
yond the limits of my county tor beef; I thou ouiilil veiihliH^ M« MI^V I 
should not again be troublesome to you to the eml «il \\\y iUHmiMii I SiM 
tract, and it would only be an advanoo by the |iiili|lo loi* Hbiiiili IM iln^yfii 

I Imvd, At<. 

P. 8. — I expect the present Am't will hn nhni'KMil )h A mm'! Im Uih 
Super't at Point of Fork. Of course, if nii ii«IVfitMMi Is tftfubi Im^ IIim 
present month, the whole will be char^ml In tliM nnffin MmfMMtf 


If the Hon*bl« Boanl d#!«m it h/IvMaMm Ut f^omfttf wUU Mh^h^ 
Langbam's reqwmt for an ufUM^fm f/t iU^ nH\9\ttm^\ ^fff*h ot iUt* p^t^Mhht 
month's isnue, it will muH with my h^tftAmUM$ Ui tfH (^i^fH^ti WHh IfU^ 
&ame and w aceooftt MfM^/r*t'$tttfiy, 

t a#^, ytfHh fsmptf^i, 

Jum0t I Kb 17M, H fft'.kMfPs^ 

&»t yi f:\Mtt0t Kigr^ M««f-r ^ ^>vfHi<«; <*>v*^ V i^^ -vyyiM^' ^.^^ ^4fM ; .*H 






Jane 11th 

Thomas Nbwton, Jr., to the Governor. 

I wrote you yesterday respecting an account of six ships being on our 
coast, since which nothing further has transpired, and we are at a loss 
to know what to believe, as some say they are men of war and supposed 
British, others believe that they are only merch't vessels, and some think 
there is no ships. Should anything happen that 1 can with certainty 
inform you, I shall do it immediately. 

The concord sails this day and several other vessels. 

I am, &c. 

June 12th. The report of the ships appears to be entirely false. The 
wind prevented the Concord sailing but is ready. I have been so in- 
disposed as to be unable to attend at the fort, but yesterday a large body 
of men worked and I have made great progress. 

June 12th 


Joseph Biggs to Moses Chapline. 

I have enclosed to you a list of charges against Captain John McCol- 
lock for misconduct on a Scout which he commanded from Wheeling 
creek, beyond Muskingom River, in the Indian Country, in November, 
1793, which said charges I wish you to report as soon as possible to the 
Executive of this State that he may be thereupon arrested and brought 
to trial. 

June I2th 
Ohio county 


A copy. 
Charles Wells to the Governor. 

I am duly favored with an enclosed copy of your letter of the 9th of 
April, (the original never having come to hand), the contents of which 
amount to a complaint being made to your Excellency by some person 
concerning the supply not being furnished in the different parts of the 
Monongahalia district. 

As well as the general expression of the board, it was, I believe, gen- 
erally understood that the Volunteer Militia was to be posted on the 
river, except a few at one station on the frontier of Harrison. 

Agreeable to this Idea, I made such arrangements for furnishing as 
the nature of the case required, and I flatter myself have done to the 
satisfaction of the officers commanding at the different posts. Admitting 
your Excellency's sense of the contract it is not in my power to furnish 
posts that is unknown. Every post yet known is supplied, which I hope 
will suffice for my conduct so far. 

I have, &c. 





Thk comee to let your Ercellency know tbat we have not had any Jnne 12tii 
mischief done by the Indians on the front«ars of onr county this Spring, Wheeling 
but they hare killed four and took three of a family at the little Oana- 
way eariy in May, and killed one man at Marata the last of May. They 
have killed four and wounded three men on Alleghany river, a few 
miles above Pittsburg. 1 have to inform you that I only arrived home 
from the woods on Tuesday last from of a scout of twenty days. In 
the rought we sawe a good deale of Indian sign, but none that appeared 
to be fresher than about three weeks before us. We ware as we sopcw»ed 
as far as about one hundred and fifty miles from Wheeling. From your 
letter by Mr. Boggs I expected our last year's pay before this time. 
But as it has not yet came, I must urge the necessity of its being sent 
as its badly wanting. And ammonition we have none, as all I rec^d this 
Spring was three Casks of powder, and forty-eight pounds of lead, 
whitch I rece'd from Capt. Lowther with orders to Divide it among the 
Stations, whitch I did agreeabel to orders. 

And should the Indians Invade us, we should not hardly be able to 
follow them for want of ammunition, as it is a scarce article in this 
Ck>untry. I have expected that Capt. Lowther to have visited the sta- 
tions this spring, bat have not had the pleasure of seeing him this 

I have no more at present, but have the honour to subscribe myself, 

Your, Ac. 

Benjamin Wilson to the Governor. 

June ISth 

Recommends William Martin as Paymaster to the troops in the West- HArrieon 
em District. Caution against the dangers of the road to any Paymas- county 
ter appointed having money in charge. 

Harrison County, June 9th, 1794. jmi^ |^li 

Inclosed is a Justice Commission and a Becommendation for Malitia 
officers. Please to have Elijah Inserted in the Room of William in the 
Inclosed Commission. Elijah was the name entered on the minutes of 
the Court, and the proper name of the Gentleman Desired to bo com- 

About the first of March last, I attempted to send to you a copy of 
this Inclosed Recommendation for Sheriff. If it reached your hand 
your answer thereto has not yet returned to me. I make no doubt but 
Mr. Benj'n Robinson can find good security. 


1794. A copy of this Recommendation for Malitia officers was forwarded to 

June 13th you last fall. You sent in answer that several of the back counties was 
simerlarly circumstanced, & that you would present our case to the 
Insuing Assembly. Some of our Delegates Informs me you are now 
enabled by Law to Issue Commissions. Should it be the case, please to 
send by Mr. William Martan the Justices', Sheriffs', & Malitia officers* 
Commissions; also send by the Bearer at Least one copy of the sus- 
pended acts of the assembly of the year 1792, and one copy of the year 

1793. Your compliance will oblige, 

Sir, your, &c. 



Ohio county By Mr. John Williamson, I with pleasure Imbrace the opportunity of 
giving your Excellency a sketch of the present appearance on our fron- 
tiers. About the first Day of May four persons were killed near the 
mouth of Little Kanawha, since which time one man at Mnskingdom, 
and two men between Muskingdom and fishing creek, supposed from a 
Kentucky Boat, as they were not known when found scalped. Two 
Brothers of Capt. Morris was killed opposite Bellville, and on the thirty- 
^ eth of s'd month one man killed and two wounded. 

On the Alleganey, the same evening, a Kentucky Boat Groing Down 
the Kiskaminates was attacked about seven miles from the mouth and 
four men killed, and Report say that two men are killed three miles 
above Pittsburg, on the Mohongahale. It is also said General Wilkins 
had his horse stolen out of a pasture opposite Pittsburg. These Contin- 
ued Depredations Lay us under apprehensions of more visits from those 
savage enimys. 

I cannot but regret the scarcity of ammunition which Prevails at this 
time, as there is none of the publick amrfiunition yet come forward to 
this county, except those kegs to Capt. McCollock (and that of the 
worse kind), Brought down from Morgan Town by Lt. Evans. 

Many applications have been made to me by the scouts & Rangers 
concerning their last year's pay. 1 am sensible numbers (if not all) of 
them are much in want of, and could it be in your power to forward 
the money by Mr. John Williamson to some person that your Excel- 
lency may think proper, it would quiet the murmer of the last year 
Scouts, and increase the confidence of the present, who seem to be in 
some doubt concerning their pay. 

From your Excellency's to Mr. Chas. Wells of the 10th of April, it 
appears that Captain Louther has complained of his Detachment not 
being supplied with Rations, in consequence of which I will mention to 
your excellency my knowledge of the Business. 

After my return from Richmond, I wrote to Captain Louther and 
stated as my opinion that it would be necessary for him to attend at 


West Libnrr m «r WioR iW I3«ii oiif Mai^ ^tW vl^ iktt tW T«v<»f«^ ll^l^ 

finom him. jufed I mb v^ ^^mviiwieii ke Iijbj^ wh yv^IinI miv |><<«iK| «mi iW 
RiTer as v«t- 

N. B. — Piesse to send me Mr. SatheHansi s Noie. ;]^ Ih^ v>Hib;»i^ lo |Vj^ 
me the money whkh 1 pAui jou on his mc^^ouQU 

And i^blijs^. :iir. 

R a 

Charlbs Wells to the Uoverxor, jiuim^ t^h 

1 am honored with your Loiter of the ISlh ot ApHK by Mr« Bo|^{«^ OhU c\Hml^ 
wbereiD yoar Exceiieocy coneeiT^ that I complain of Ii\jjury lu t\iml»h« 
ing provisions at the posts on the River. 

Tour Excellency will please to observe that 1 did not mean Ihe oi>m- 
plaint to extend to poets on the Kiver only, the number on the RiN^r 
being Increased since the time of Messrs. Wood's f\irnishing« and the 
Rations demanded at each posU 1 only wished the privilege ot f\irniAh« 
in^ at the poets mentioned in my letter of the 7th of January, 

Captain Lowther's information to your Excelloncy respecting my eon- 
stmction of the contract must be very singular, as I have neither seen 
nor beard from Captain Lowther since I undertook thocontraeU nor do 
I recollect of mentioning my opinion to any Gentleman on the subjoot 

In March last, General Biggs mentioned to mo that ho had wrote to 
Captain Lowther to meet him at West Liberty to arrange the stations 
before or at the time the troops were to bo mustered in Ohio; on which 
account I attended to get instructions as to tho supply, but was disap 
pointed, and as I have not beard from Captain Lowther, or where his 
detachment is posted, I have drawn the conclusion that ho has appointed 
a contractor to supply the posts under bis Immediate inspection, which 
perhaps was the object he founded his complaint on. If so, I wish him 
to continue his contractor, as the furnishing of his post or posts is not an 
object with me, and I shall account with him or any other person (or 
Quantity of rations furnished under my contract as soon as the money 
comes to band. 

I shall use every exertion to furnish the Known ports that no incon- 
venience may result to the troops, and hope to be able to account at 
any time to your Excellency for my conduct in tho Business. Tho five 
hundred dollars, as mentioned in your Excellency's Letter, would have 
been a sensible relief to me, as the salt provision is exhausted, but was 
surprised to find that the treasurer had authorised me to collect it in ^K^^ 

Arrearages of Taxes of any Sheriff that thought proper to pay monies m^^ 

i^v <^Aij!r.yuAl U^ ifiATJ P-&HB1L: 

4»^'^ui«.<»' iUi^UMf- it Ui- Mur 6i- lie: trxM»ei. I^&xt} Jifiiuss o: tm 
;»iuu^^ lU* i>i«iu|;u toil' aii|#* tun: yoo* iLxeekooc^ -wi] <nair' ^titt 

j^i c»>«r*<i.; ^' to^^Oiiilftii;' ii OiiK. tu* truopr oem^ ^enecalty oi. tut 
i^vv ^^u* .' i0*^fjL» iutfiiUoiHsc lit} opimuj i/^mxiB*^ o: tUK -sxecxitrvt tiioi 
VvJUA^i.& ^«^^ Hi^a*'' u< i. ^iviH»* ^Mm»aL utnii|: ,^eiHmJn !^* ua e m jeL rj 

>'yA4'iU' Ji>^^« J^Vi' Hill tiiii^ |iW^ ^.4ft>»i Otmpfxr Qj ^iii- Sug* IsRitf' ii»d 

l»iiMt 4v^ W 4>/4MMVUv i*',ii%tuiA^ h wMt ^tnit:. M;tr iuikd UkkiSL idkcan out, 

^M ^v)iSMvU4>4 ^A^ i«i^<mb^ Mi^-U- iMiC liUr <(rui»f w^iiTf: j^jKus iaik«n •<]« board 
iMltiA- i^h^' t4M4^M^^m^y ^^ h^-^mj^ tiiiff i iduiw^uad CoikL Xesxoci. and 
U^K ^U-yA^^m^'^MUd^f w^ «A«fil '^'/•'Ai Vy ^ttHAJS ii«r. Iwi «Le had sailed a 
^vy ^,M/V(^4r M^/^-^ ^/*>^. 'tmyPrtt ^ 4^wu. 

^^^^^. (^^(^ 'Vmiti, S^wvtM^ Jii,^ TO Capt. Jko. Coopbr. 

^|/lfMll• ' ^*^^^ ^'*'* mtmmi rm't\ infortnation from Major Lindsay that you 

Im^t Ul^MM IhM (iMim nil tioiini your vomal again which you had prom- 
JMMil lliM (iMVtO'iMir Ml fmiHi. U bo(!omeH my duty to inform you that 
yiiM iIh Mill ilM|mi1 iiftlll I hu ilmtUion of thu Pronidont is had, unless you 
MdlMjil.y WHli (liM |iniiiiUu you havti mado to Gov. Lee. 

1 am, &o. 

IkLSBirUuBr «r -^l^.^^K' ^VA>,iSfe. <s^: 

-"•^ciPcrvft^ *n» yuf. ivNc»itovrt< «^* 

^tii liSk 

>%m '*Hfh ^>^ 

bat Tony tumts^taA ^km^ ^uy fflvou^iM^ :l9v<M^ :^ tfoMw^v y^v^t^^ w^ W^ii^SV^ 

Ci^t. Hiniml i » kcrr . W K^Mi^| ^w^v iftmwr iww»^ ^X Iw^ VJ^Mv^l k ^nvhvs 
k I think will recrKt 6tft. H# lui» i^lWr s^VMW^ >M^ A^ ^vk i^v^^ ^^^ 

jwmv \k}\\, mi 

Major Lindsay. 

Your letter of thi^ day I nH»<iiivtHl, and am ivad) \\\ aid ^ww \\\\\\ 
the militia of the Borough aa far an In my |M»wt«r liiMii Hhtdl \\\\ ^h^l, (I 
convenient, you'd como up to my oltloo A ooimull iho maMMiM' \\\\\\ m\\ 
be of service. From my inAtnuaioim, I thiitk Ottln, WllmiM nliMiild llH\H 
information thereof, which 1 will ihow ynu. 

I am, All., 


The Cutter, by putting 4 throii /;r four poiiiidoM mi hmhi, ^Hh\4 
render great service on thean tHU'^wtitmH, k mmi ttimi4 ifnnt^itnmH^ tw 
supplied from the militia wb#ri ui$iimmry, aii^l ho ^i^^mmn i^Umh4 M* th 
her present sttnation^ Capi. Tayl//f ha« H f^/i i$4 |#i# |/'/w^^' in ft*h4>*f 
soek serries as may t»e n»<|iiirsd a^p^iiMi a«^ st^m^I yiv«s^. 





June 14th 

Thomas Smith, Jr., to thb Governor. 

Some time since, Mr. Thomas Tabb, the then high Sheriff of this 
county, announced to our Court his Determination not to give bond and 
security for the collection of the Revenue Tax due for the year 1792. 
Of course that tax remains to be collected. Agreeable to the Dictates 
of the Law in such cases, our Court did order his refusal to be certified 
to your Hon'ble Board, in order that steps might be taken to appoint a 
Collector of that Tax. As no such appointment has been made, and it 
remains yet doubtful who can with propriety undertake the business, as 
no Bond has been given to secure the public against Imposition, it may 
not be improper to remind the Executive of the circumstance, as well as 
to inform them that it might facilitate the earliest procurement of that 
Tax should they be disposed to appoint the pn'sent Sheriff, Mr. Rich'd 
Billups, for the purpose of collecting it; who, after complying with the 
prerequisites of the Law, may proceed to collect the same with the Tax 
due for the last year. 

I am, &G. 

June 15th 



According to your request and to my promise, I have the honor to 
write you an account of my proceedings in the business, which your 
Excellency seems to have so much at heart. Since your departure, we 
hardly had any assistance, one day excepted, and then indeed we had 
rather an over affluence. It would be more serviceable if a general 
account was taken of the men disposed to give us their labour, and 
divide their number in such manner as would afford us a constant party 
of Volunteers, be it ever so small. I wrote to Colonel Wilson a few 
days ago, requesting a fresh supply of workmen. His answer was very 
polite. He promised me to use his endeavors, but expressed at the 
same time some fears not to succeed, for the people of Portsmouth (as 
he observes) are much dissatisfied that the whole contribution of the 
two towns and county, with the appropriation of Congress, were not 
applied to the completion of Fort Nelson. Moreover there are several 
of our acquaintances, who by very ignorant and ill natured remarks, 
hurt greatly the progress of our works by stifling the good intentions 
of a great number of Citizens. There hobby-horse is the difficulty of 
manning so many different places. In fact, I stop my ears and proceed 
as fast as circumstances will allow. Most of the ground before the bat- 
teries A. B. C. D. is removed, the fascines are going on briskly, and the 
day after to-morrow I shall survey Crany Island, and shortly after 
have the honor to submit the plan of its defences to your inspection. 

I took Mr. Courty with me to-day, in order to survey aeveral places 


necessary for the general map of Elizabeth river, which will give a per- 1794. 
feet idea of its defences both by sea and by land. June 15th 

The brick work and all the traverses which were begun are compleat, 
and the whole of my attention will be next week directed towards the 
fitting of the batteries. I hope for some assistance on Monday. Col. 
Newton gives himself a great deal of trouble about it. Wish to God 
there were ten men like him in Norfolk. The plans here inclosed were 
ready several days ago, as your Excellency will see by the letter ac- 
companying them. Capt. Lee forgot to take them. Any explanation 
would be fruitless, as you undoubtedly know them all by heart. 

I received no letters yet of the Secretary of war since your depart- 
ure, and expect some by this post. 

I hope your Excellency will favor me with a few lines whenever you 
will think any alteration in the measures hitherto taken necessary. 

Mrs. Rivardi presents her respectful compliments to Mrs. Lee, and I 
respectfully and with great esteem remain, 

Your, &c. 

John Hamilton to the Governor. Junei5th 

It gives me pain to inform your Excellency of the Departure of the Norfolk 
ship Chickamaga with all her Guns and Men, contrary to the remon- 
strance which I sent you previous to her sailing; contrary to the Rules 
of neutrality, and contrary to the rules laid down by the President re- 
specting the equipment of armed vessels to be observed here. I am the 
more distressed at this circumstance, as it may, from some late transac- 
tions on the continent, give room to doubt the sincerity of the neutrality 
held up by the United States, which, in the present stage of affairs, 
should be avoided as much as possible by both countries, and I still hope, 
from the great abilities and Prudence of the Executive Bodys at the 
Head of the Government of Great Britain and the United States, that 
Peace and Harmony will prevail between the two nations, in spite of 
the artifice made use of by some designing men in each country. 

The Concorde, with her convoy, sailed yesterday from Hampton 

With the most perfect Esteem and Respect, I have, &c. 

John Raymond to the Governor. Junel7th 

Recommends William Martin as Paymaster for the Scouts and Ranges Clarksburg 

of the Monongalia District. Informing of the murder and capture of 

Mrs. Armstrong on the Ohio in April last. 





Wm. Lowther to Jas. Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

June 17th Mr. William Marian will apply to you for a Muster Roll for six scouts 
Harrison you mustered on the 14th May, 1793, at Clarksburg. 

Please Lend Mr. Marian every assistance in your power to effeci the 

Sir, your comply ance will greatly oblige yours, &c. 

June 17th 


Wm. Lowther to Gen'l Jas. Wood. 

As touching the Present State of the frontier, my Letter to the Gov- 
ernor will Inform. 

Your Friendly attention to my Business not doubted. Mr. Marian, 
who is the Bearer of these lines, is empowered to act for me before the 
Council in the settlement of Business put into his hands. He will ac- 
quaint you therewith. 

I have made out the amount of my demand in a separate list. You 
will please to correct it if needed, and should the Executive incline to 
consider my service to exceed what is allowed to a Captain commanding 
a single company, from what passed between us, I am sure your friendly 
aid will be given. 

As the Bearer is waiting and very Impatient, Please excuse short 


And believe me to be, &c. 

June 17th 

John Vermonnet to the Governor. 

Alexandria Having had the Honour of being appointed by the Department of 
War to fortify Annapolis and Alexandria, I have taken the liberty of 
writing to your Excellency to acquaint you that the fund allowed to 
fortify Alexandria being small, I have chosen Jones' Point lor the seat 
of a good battery, which will protect the place against the onemy by 
water, and for which I shall do myself the honor Of sending you a draft 
on my return from Annapolis, where I am going ; during which time the 
materials will be collecting as well as making a cross way through a 
marsh to enable the land carriage for earth, &c., &c. 

I have, &c. 

Jnne 17th 

Wm. James Mayo to the Governor. 

Patrick Asking justice to be done him in conferring on him the Commission 

county of Ensign, to which he thinks himself entitled, though denied by the 


AmbflTBt ConribaiiM^ J&d^ ITib, ITM. ITM. 

We, \he af&oers of ibe Tm fiiitT>Ei£:bih Be^mem oi Amhc^rsa Militia^ June ITtih 
Do reeommeiid Mr. William Wedderbnm xo the Erocntive of t^i$ $t«t^ 
as a proper person u» £11 thf Office of Ci^aaiii t^o ihc ArtiDerc Oom> 
paoj under the eommand of GeTiera] : 

John Goerraxit, Obarle^^ Jonesi. 

Wm. Warvic^ Vm, Teas. 

Joseph Sbelum. Jamef^ Andersion. 

Pleasant Dawson, Edward Oaner, 

Will Ixmng. Alex'r XeAlesander, 
TUman Walton. 

Commission cA James Cnreton as Captain ol Artillery annexed to the Juim' ITih 
Eighth Brigade. 

John Etasts, Se., to the Goverxor. JniwiSih 

Recommends Wm. Martin as a paymaster for scoats and rangera. 

M. Armstroxo to John Pendleton, Esg. June I8ih 

In consequence of a jud^^ment obtained in the General Court by the CUrk«bui]g 
Commissioners of the road from the State road to the mouth of litUo 
Kanawha, against Warman, late Sheriff of Monongalia, Fi. Fa. issued 
returnable to last November Term, which was levied by a Deputy Sheriff 
upon five negroes, and although the Commissioners officially requested 
him to give public notice of the day of sale in Marion, whore they ro* 
side, yet he only advertised in the neighborhood, and sold them for £11 
odd shillings, as will appear by his return. A second execution issued 
returnable to last court. In the interim it appears that Col. William 
McCleery and Warman went to the house of Jenkins, who purchased 
said Nugroes only to receive a small sum for which he was bound as 
security for Warman, and McCleery paid Jenkins the money and de- 
manded the Negroes as his property. He refused, but actually delivered 
thom to Warman as his property, and they remained, or a greater part 
of them, with Warman. I advised the Sheriff to seize them by the last 
execution which he did. McCleery advises a Jury to be summoned, and 
notwithstanding, Jenkins, who was honest in the matter, swore as above 
stated; the jury determined in favor of McCleery, and the Sheriff gave 
them up to him. and only two on whom there was no lien were sold, and 


1794, no other property. I am specially directed by the commissioners to give 
June 19th you this information as their attorney, as you appear by the law of 92 
to be the proper officer to notify the Executive of such fraudulent pro- 
ceedings. Although, perhaps the last law appointing agents may have 
made a material alteration which we have not yet seen. Mr. Martin, 
the Bearer, will pay you £89. 3. 8. in certificates, the nett proceeds of 
the sales under both executions. 

I am, Sir, &c. 

Acts of '92, Chap. 16, Sect. 22, directs that cases like this shall be laid 
before the Executive. 

Mr. Thomas Yaughan, a deputy Sherifif of Mecklenburg, has for many 
years collected the public taxes in the said County; in that business his 
precission and punctuality is unparalled; he has requested me to men- 
tion him to the Honorable Board on a Supposition that Mr. Goodwyn, 
agent, intends to resign. 


18th June, 1794. 

June 19th Phil. R, Fbndall to the Governor. 

Alexandria ^ have before me your favor of the 16th of June, and now enclose 
you a post note for 78 84-100 dollars at ten days, being the amount ot the 
cut silver and price of German Gold received in March. As we neglected 
to forward it at an earlier day, the note is made at 10 instead of 60 
days' date. 

I have, &c. 

June 19th MosES Mann to the Governor. 

Point Refuses to obey the orders of Capt. Clendenin, and threatens to re> 

Pleasant gjg^ jf gy^jj orders are consistent with the orders of the Executive. 

Kanawha, June 3d, 1794. 

It is with extreme distress of mind that I find myself compelled 
to repeat my former orders to you in ordering you to the post by me 
assigned to you at Belleville. Whether you stay at the mouth of Kan- 
awha, and James Yanbibber's removal to Bellville contrary to my order, 
was a matter of accommodation between you and him, I aui not at 
^"^■^K present able to judge. But if I am to be answerable for the conse- 


qaejices of your conduct, I feel myself disposed to find that you con- 1794. 
duct yourselves in conformity to ray orders. If you, sir, had any in- Jime 19th 
structions giving your command over the volunteer militia allowed for 
Kanawha, Greenbrier, and Bath, it would have been a ver}^ easy mat- 
ter for you to have made them known to me, when I so very particu- 
larly requested you to do it as you went on with your men to that 
point. Sorry I am indeed at the unhappy fate and loss of your two 
brothers, not without reason to think that had you been present, this 
carnage might have been prevented. I indeed sincerely lament the 
loss of those useful men. True it is, that I did not expect nor desire 
you to devote the whole of your time at Bellville, but expected as 
James Vanbibber was by me particularly ordered to do his duty at the 
point, I at least expected that the greatest part of your time would be 
spent at Bellville, as it would be very unnecessary for you both to be at 
the point. 

I find, Sir, that in carrying on the Ranging Business that I have de- 
feated the intentions of sundry parties of Indians that have visited our 
Settlement — not that I had the Fortune to fall in with them, but the. 
Sign or Traces by my Company made has served to alarm them. There- 
fore, I hope that this part of duty will not be neglected, either on the 
part of you or Mr. Vanbibber. 

Sir, it is not possible for me to take leave of you until I express my 
sorrow in thinking that there is not that harmony amongst us that 
ought to exist. Indeed, I find very little Gratification in commanding 
when I find a Tardy disposition to obey. However, having been in- 
formed that you have said that you have separate Orders from mine, I 
shall make use of the first opportunity to enquire of the Executive why 
they have not communicated them to me. In the meantime, shall con- 
tinue to repeat my Instructions to you until I am otherwise OfScially 

I wish your health success, and am, &c., 

Your Ob't Serv't, 


Kanawha, April 9, 1794. 

In consequence of the two new settlements that are about to take 

place, to-wit: Captain Cooper's and Robinson, I presume it will not be 

possible to spare more than a Sergeant, Corporal and twelve privates 

for to Guard Bellville. You will, therefore, with all imaginable dispatch, 

have them forwarded to that place. These will be Exclusive of the two 

Booute, which, I suppose have, previous to this, been appointed by Colonel 

Thomas Lewis. 

I am, &c., 


Li«9Qtesant Moses Mann. 


1794. Thos. Lewis to thb Governor. 

June 19th As Lieutenant Mann has in part informed your Excellency of his dis- 

Point pute with Capticin Clendenin. Give me leave to add that rather than 


Lieutenant Mann shall be obliged to obey any of his orders, he will quit 

the service, and every man he brought on will immediately return home 
after his resignation. 

Lieutenant Mann as an officer has always conducted himself Ex- 
tremely well, and has strictly adhered to the instructions given him by 
Colonel Steel. He has advised and consulted with me on all occasions. 
I was always willing to give him every information in my power, until 
Captain Clendenin interfered with his command, who says he is ap- 
pointed to the command of the Volunteer Militia in Bath, Greenbrier and 
£[anawha. On the ITth of Mav. Lieutenant Mann had two Brothers 
killed by the Indians in sight of Bellville Station. They committed no 
depredations on our Frontier since that time. 

I have. &C'. 


RkhmoDd Endeavouring to enlist the interest of the Governor in a scheme for 




RiduDODd Ittdosed I send the mortgages upon Hoh Richeeon's Estate, a fonner 
Sbeiiff of the county of King William, which have been submitted to 
me tor advioe by Mr. Temple. 

The verdicts of the juries form no impediment to an Investigatioii of 
the vaKditv of these Instruments in a court of chancerv, which I wouM 
nKommeiKl to be resort«d to in these and all similar instaDcc&. If the 
mortgages shall af^pear to have been made from cc^losave motiTasv. tbcv 
wiU be decreed invalid, and the Jodgments of the Commonwealtli wiO 
take their coorse npon any profierty thus tendulently covered : and if 
on tihe other hand, tbey shall be foand to have been entered into on bona 
Me conditions, t^en the eoart will decree an immediate sale of the mort- 
g^u^ effects, the fir«4 prwloct tberM>f to be applied to disekarve i^ 
del< of the &ir nK>ngageie. and the balance, if aBv.snbjkeied to tlie poblic 
excmitioBs. In ico5>i \>f ibe ea^^c^ of tbis Kind, a^iiho^ the mort^ra^^cs may 
kave been ^Minded on ttir e{«nfaderai5onSs yet I believe it will vexy tre> 
qncatlrke^&ciEyrered lihat tbe considerations are CTeaxhrdH|Moponkmai» 
DO file valne of the propmy pied^^ed. This haxriar to p«hlir Ji 


woald be completely removed in all such instances by empowering the 1794. 
agents to purchase the property for the Commonwealth, sell it out again, June 20th 
pay the mortgagees their just demands, reserving the balance to satisfy 
the public claims. li under such circumstances, the agents could be au- 
thorized to give a short credit, taking the bonds for the property thus 
sold in the name of the Governor for the time being, so that they might 
be amenable to the motions of the auditor, I am satisfied great public 
benefit would result from the adoption of such a measure. I await the 
orders of the Executive as to the official part they may direct me to take 
in the present cases and all future ones of a similar nature. 

With great respect, I have, &c. 

Simon Morgan to thb Generals of Division. June 20th 

Inclosed herewith you will receive the General Orders of the Com- Richmond 
mander-in-chief of the Militia, which will govern you in preparing the 
proportion due from Divisions required to form the Detachment ordered : 

Division No. 1, is to furnish 2,816 men, including officers. 

Division No. 2, is to furnish 2,478 men, including officers. 

Division No. 3, is to furnish 3,041 men, including officers. 

Division No. 4, is to furnish 3,042 men, including officers. 

Yon will be pleased to make Known to your respective Brigadiers the 
quota due from Brigades, who will make a fair apportionment in the 
Regiments composing their Brigades. 

Returns from them to you of their progress in completing their respec- 
tive quotas must be monthly demanded, as I must receive from you 
monthly your Division Return, counting the receipt of this letter as the 
beginning of the month. 

I have, Ac. 

N. B. — Your Returns or any other business with me respecting the 
Militia will be directed to me in Fauquier county, or Mr. Samuel Cole- 
man in Richmond. 

o. M. 

The foreging are instructions of the Adjutant-General to Division 
Crenerals for appointing the quota due from the Brigades of their respec- 
tive Divisions. 

Petition to thb Governor in Council. Jane20th 

For the pardon of Paol, one of the parties condemned to death in the 
Coart of Powhatan for participating in the murder of Wm. Bradley, the 
overaeer of ColoDel Wm. Mayo, on the ground that bis conviction was 


1794. obtained on the testimony of a negro boy 13 years old, of seeing Paul 
June 20th ^ith the others go into the house, and from a confession made to Mr. 
John Toney when he apprehended Paul, that he was guilty, this confes- 
sion having been made on the advice of some one that he would thereby 
be allowed to turn state's evidence against the others, and thereby save 
himself, this confession subsequently believed to be false. 

The following are some of the names of parties who having learned 
of a petition for pardon of negro Paul, condemned for participation in 
the murder of Wm. Bradley, of Powhatan, are signed to a remonstrance 
against said pardon and sent to the Governor : 

John Nunnally, John Netherland, Jr., 

John Ligon, Francis Lewis, 

Chas. Powell, Frederick Woodson, 

James Taylor, Bartlett Sizer, 

Jos. Mosby, William Moseby, 

Thos. Gordon, Seth Ligon, 

William Mayo, John Carter, 

Benj'n Woodson, Samuel Steger, 

Hickman Spiller, Alex'r Dugan. 

June 20th Wm. Mayo TO CoLo. JoHN Steel. 

Liberty Remonstrance against the pardon of Paul, convicted in the Court of 

Hall Powhatan of participating in the murder of Wm. Bradley, and en- 
closing a certificate of Mrs. Toyce Railey to having heard Paul confess 
that he was present at the murder. 

June 20th At a Court of Oyer & Terminer, held in Powhatan County, at the 
courthouse in Scottsville, on Friday, the 23rd day of May, 1794, for the 
trial of Joe, a male slave, the property of William Mayo, & Moses, a 
male slave, the property of Robert Mitchell : 

Present in Court: L. Mosby, Vincent Markham, Rich*d Crump, Will 
Mosely, L. Mosby, Jr., Edmund Logwood, Geo. Williamson, and William 
Bentley, Gentlemen Justices. 

The Court being given to understand and be informed that the above- 
named slaves did, on the night of the 7th of May, conspire and murder 
Wm. Bradley, of Powhatan, whereupon they were arraigned therefor. 

Joe confessed himself guilty; Moses said he was not guilty. Divers 
witnesses being examined, and Moses heard in his own defence, it was 


the opinion of the court that Moses was not guilty. In the case oi Joe, 1794. 
it was the opinion of the court that he was guilty, and that he should June 20th 
be executed on the 24th day of June next. 
The court valued him, said Joe, at £125. 

Alexander Campbell, Attorney-General of the United States, June 22d 

TO THE Governor. 

I have read the representations of the British consul at Norfolk re- Richmoud 
specting the violences said to have been committed by some citizens of 
this State upon the Bnga. Ann, at York Town; and tho' the Consul 
appears to consider them to be of such enormity and extent as to 
involve the neutrality of our Government, yet I cannot discern in them 
anything more than the features of a common Trespass, committed by 
a riotous assembly of men upon the property of a Foreigner. The 
reversal of the flag belonging to the vessel was unquestionably a breech 
of good manners; but an indecorum of that kind can no more be con- 
sidered as imputable to the American Government, or as an affront to 
the sovereignty of England, than any ordinary differences which might 
occur between the citizens of this country and the subjects of that in 
the Territory of either. The vessel is the property of an Individual, 
and if any injury has been done to it, the owner has as ample remedy 
against the persons who did the injury as any citizen could claim in a 
like situation; and more than this, I presume, he cannot fairly ask. 
But if he should desire further satisfaction, it seems to me that the 
courts of the State are alone competent to afford it. The Peace of the 
State, and of the State only, has been violated. It therefore belongs to 
the State to punish the violation ; and I know of nothing, either in the 
Constitution or Laws of the United States, which requires or would 
justify the interposition of their judicial power in such a case. But 
whether there be or not, as the Tribunals are competent to the full pun- 
ishment of all infractions of the public peace and order committed within 
the limits of their jurisdiction, I consider this as a sufficient reason why, 
on the present as on every like occasion, I ought to decline any inter- 
ference on the part of the United States. 

I have, &c. 

Richard Gaines to the Governor. Juiie22d 

Complains of the recommendation of John Hackley as major of the 
regiment, to which complainant's company belonged, also to the recom- 
mendation of Samuel Henning i^ captain ot si^id company, 





June 22d 

Ro. Bedford to thb Governor. 

Enclosed you will receive a warrant of Hugh & Cry against the per- 
sons who have clandestinely taken from Peggy Howell two of her chil- 
dren. The said Woman is a free Mulatto of this County, and is in 
very Indigent circumstances. 

The crime is of that nature that I need not suggest to you that it re- 
quires the public notice. It is requested that you will publish, by way 
of proclamation, In the Virginia Gazette, a true state of the case, as 
also in the different States within the Union, particularly the Southern 
States; or take whatever other measures to regain the children which 
you in your wisdom may judge most proper, as it is undoubtedly a cose 
wherein the whole community are in some measure interested. 

I am, &c. 

June 23d 


James McCraw to the Governor. 

Desiring to be informed whether Jas. Dejarnette, a Justice of the Peace, 
who removed to Essex and was absent several years, could on return to 
the county again perform the duties of Justice under his old commission. 

June 23d 

Sam. Coleman to the Lieutenant-Qovbrnor. 

During the continuance of the contagious fever with which Philadel- 
phia was so afflicted in the course of the last fall, the County Court of 
Loudoun was directed to pursue such steps as prudence might dictate 
for preventing the introduction of that pestilential disease into this 

The enclosed papers state the expence ineurred in pursuance of the 
measures adopted, and are submitted to the Executive for their direc- 
tion thereon. 

I have, &c. 
[Papers not found.] 

June 23d 

Robert Pacje to the Governor. 

Frederick Mr. Thomas Taylor Page will deliver you a Letter fi*om the Bscheator 
of this county authenticating a claim which I have against your Excel- 
lency acting under the Eesolution of the last Assembly respecting Ee- 
cheutors, J^c, for the sum of fifty Guineas, which yg^ wUl bo pleased tQ 

jtr ^i=r\n5F i^vptstas- i^. 

C Bi^it 

it. -mdl '*im III II HUM I rii«r :iw DcfMtttUuw^ > jt ^tmiKl tM4>f%HiRk suk 
tuihiaMSw w^U ^£n^ «Hsk iii«etioiu^ jik jnu luur .!»hi«s^v«i !:>t^Hi$ilt^ :%iHi ;^ 

Drier 4f tt&tt E^tnsikas <ir EBmpiiai :ftC Wiilttuiwlluc:^ \m uchr ^Kt^HH^ ^t4h«^i^ 
i&r sixteen. famxaA Mad sx ^ibiliinrf^ :uiii -^ixptim^r. pii^:iJl>lu cm^ i;wtj9^^ tf>l^ ^^^^^ 
son, Siierif *i£ S^ua^iHkiiyi, mr <£sp«HiiM «n: brmcto^ WrUitim ^IS/c«$ik 2$^ tiir 

Jobn Sflutk pnr? iior EVAoflsoKL t^ iiie tii^r ai%>asj^l^«»&Misv ^ivi ;i^ ^\K^¥«A s!nAi#^ is^ 
Juror mt the Katc^ lent ^ tW Ot^^rt :U R^jt^^ Ow^kc^kiwmiFMv h^ ^^v^^j^k^ 
beittg ilie exfMKcil eo»iitoe« o<r kft^ tMiilr is lib mliM«w 1%^ iW ^nr^^y^x 
of ike Indiftikiw to wkkh ke ttd(J« oiuk : »fiM» I W ^mKhUx ii h^ X^it^v'^sn^ 
Cooper ms to the dMm^er to Im a|>pKkiMiik4 ml iW limi^ «M;^I^ iiH Jis<^M 
Smith's neigkborkood, Ifron IndimD iacorsMi^k 

Thomas Price to Johx Dawj^ox. nU^h^^M^^ 

Asking opinion as to the right of agi^nts to ii )H>r tH>uU oUim^n) \\yi 
them, which the auditor declines to pay. 

D. Hunt to the Govrrxor. 


Belates the action of the Court of Pittsylvania oounty in Uiit iH^pum* IMMnvivmiin 
mendation of officers of the militia at the February County Coiui, Hhd «^^mmV)' 


1794. the dissatisfaction created thereby, whereupon the court was re-con- 
June 26th vened in June to reconsider the said recommendations when the fol- 
lowing were recommended: John Wilson, as Col. of first regiment, Wm. 
Dix, as Major in the first Battalion, Wm. Harrison, as Major in second 
Battalion, and a list ot Captains and subaltern officers recommended by 
the Court furnished to the Executive, and commissions for the officers 
so recommended solicited. 

June 26th At a Court held for Pittsylvania county the 16th day of June, 1794 : 

Present. — John Wilson, James Johnson, Gilbert Hunt, William Clark, 
William Wilkinson, Stephen Coleman, William Harnson, William Wit- 
chie, Vincent Shelton, Joshua Stone, Samuel Calland, William Dix, 
Chrispie Shelton, Gentlemen. 

Ordered, That the following Boundaries divide this county into two 
districts, to-wit: Beginning at Halifax county line where it crosses 
Banister river, thenoe up the said river to Hickeys road, thence along 
the said road to Henry County line; and that the militia in the South 
District shall compose the first Regiment, and the Militia of the North 
District shall compose the second. 

A Copy — Teste: 

JOS. AKIN, D. C. P. C. 

June 26th Joseph Biggs ^ 

V8. - Charges. 

Capt. J no. McCullock, ) 

Prefers charges against Captain John McCullock for conduct while on 
a scout on the Muskingon in November, 1793, whereupon a general 
court martial was ordered by General Biggs, to be composed of officers 
of the Tenth Brigade, the court to state to the Governor the evidence 
and facts, together with their sentence, signed by the president of court. 

June 26th Thomas Johnson, David Stuart, Daniel Carroll, Commission- 
ers TO THE Governor. 

Washington You will excuse, Sir, Our importunity; we have calculated on the 
City Virginia Donation as a part of the income to defray the current ex- 
penses, and we feel that from every other source we cannot supply the 
deficiency so as to carry us through with credit, notwithstanding we 
have contracted our operations narrower than we should otherwise have 

We beg the Executive to consider what a disagreeable situation we 


are placed in, and how mach the public interest is injured by this disap- 1794. 
pointment. On the one hand the eye of impatience is fixed on the pro- June 26th 
gress of the Business intrusted to our direction; on the other we can 
command nothing of what we had calculated on from the engagement 
of a State, and lassitude and doubt benumn individuals. 

We entreat you that measures may be taken to furnish us with at 
least some of this money soon, 

And are, sir, &c. 

J. Pendleton to John Dawson. June 26th 

I confess I have questioned the propriety of the claim set up by the 
Agents to an allowance of 10 per cent, on all arrearages paid into the 
Treasury subsequent to their appointment, on a cursory supposition that 
the Law would not give a reward but for services rendered; in other 
words, that where the Agency was not nor could not from the nature of 
the business possibly be employed, the Agent would have no right to 
the 10 per cent, on payments thus circumstanced. 

If the terms Sheriffs or collectors, used in the 6th section of the Law, 
were intended (as I conceive they were) to describe the acting officers, 
surely the claim cannot be supported, but if they should be construed 
to apply to the debtors (which would be strange as the word delinquent 
is not used to show that the Legislature meant them), it would require 
more technical subtlety than you are master of to weaken their claim. 
My opinion is perhaps a singular one, but I must own you are very 
much inclined to think from the Law that where the payment is made 
by the delinquent debtor before any proceedings are commenced, and 
the Agency in nowise employed, the Agent is not entitled to the 10 per 

E. Mason to the Governor. June 27th 

As arms have been in some instances granted to Infantry Companys, 
and there are but few whose situation more require them than ours 
(being immediately on two navigable rivers and surrounded by Towns), 
I hope, if respect is paid to locality, that you may believe my Company, 
which belongs to*the lower Battallion, entitled to your encouragement. 

Receiving arms will create a Military pride, which I hope will induce 
young men to offer their services, to prevent the stigma of their fathers 
being draughted. 

Your answer will be gratefully received. 

I am, Sec. 


1794. John IIicks to the Governor. 

June 27th Having been informed that the Executive of this State have, or are 
Richmond about adopting, measures to organize the militia, and establish the quota 
to be furnished by Virginia, on such principles as to be enabled to march 
at a moment's warning, agreeable to the act of Congress of the United 
States, I last evening called a meeting of the Richmond Troop of Horse, 
when that subject was laid before them, and have the pleasure, by their 
consent, to make a tender of their services as a part of the first detach- 
ment from this State, taking the earliest opportunity of making this 
communication to you. 

I have, &c. 

Division Orders. 

The requisition contained in General Orders of the I5th for one troop 
of Cavalry from the 4th Division, must be complied with by the 14th 
Brigade ; the General of which will be pleased to take care that the 
troop annexed to said Brigade be accordingly prepared & ready to move 
at a moment's warning. 



War I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's 

Department favor of the 18th and 19th instant, the first of which contained informa- 
tion relative to the equipment of the Danstable at Norfolk, owned or 
commanded by John Cooke, & the last relatively to a British Brig, 
which you understood to have been restored upon her arrival at Nor- 
folk, she being evidently taken within the limits of the pi*otection of the 
United States. 

The President being absent upon the receipt of these letters, they 
have been laid before the heads of the departments. 

The equipment of the Danstable at Norfolk is considered as a serious 
evil, & contravening essentially the principles of our neutrality. It is 
understood at present that she is in the River Delaware, towards its 
entrance. Application is therefore made to the minister of France that 
he would instantly cause hor to be divested of her warlike equipments, 
under the inspection of an officer of the United States. Little doubt is 
entertained of his compliance, provided she should still be within the 
reach of his orders. If, however, he should decline his interference, it 
is probable that some effectual measures may be used to compel Mr. 
Cooper to conform his vessel to the principles which have been pre- 
scribed upon this subject. 

The original arming of any vessels belonging to the belligerent pow- 


era, whether designed for offence or defence, war or commerce, is abso- 1794. 
lately prohibited within the United States. June 27th 

All augmentation of force to any vessels of the above description is 
also prohibited. This rule will prevent new Gun Carriages from being 
made, new port holes from being cut in any vessels, additional guns 
mounted, or the size or calibre of any gun being changed or altered in 
any manner whatever. This rule had complete operation upon the 
British letter of Marque ship Jane, which came into the port of Phila- 
delphia in July, 1793. New Gun Carriages were made for 4 guns, 
which the said vessel had brought in her hold, and she had new port 
holes cut. All these were considered as unlawful, and accordingly the 
additional guns were dismounted, the new gun carriages relanded, and 
the new port holes dismounted, and effectually closed up. 

Any further explanations of any of the rules heretofore transmitted 
to your Excellency shall be promptly given. 

I have the honor herein to transmit enclosed an act relatively to the 
preservation of our neutrality, entitled an act in addition to the act for 
the punishment of certain crimes against the United States, and also a 
new rule as to the sailing of vessels of war of the belligerant nations 
from the United States. 

I shall have the honor shortly to transmit some further rules rela- 
tively to neutral vessels, or vessels belonging to citizens of the United 
States arming or equipping for war within our ports. 

I have, &o. 




June 27lh Return of Laborers employed at Fort Nelson, Commencing the 16th and 
ending the 28th of June; 



12 i ' 

6 : 

June 29tli, 1794. 



Retoni of Laborers emplordd *t Fort Xcafolk, ComiDeiicinig tb* l^tii 17) 
and ending the 2Sth of June : Jv&e STlli 


5 $ i 5 

«^ 5^ ^5 1 

Jane 16, 
























































• • 




June 29th, 




RoBBRT Taylor to the Governor. June 29th 

When I had the honor of Beeing you here I suggested that I imagined Norfolk 
the Common Hall of this Borough would have occasion for the money 
borrowed of it for the use of the Distressed French from St. Domingo, 
and which I promised should be repaid from the first money received 
from the Treasury for them. 

A few days since I was called on by the Chamberlain for the sum 
two hundred pounds, and of which Colonel Newton, the then Mayor, 
promised to inform you, but as he may not have done so, and as I fear the 
Hall has great use for the money, you will excuse my taking the liberty 
of mentioning it again to you. 

I have, ^. 

oi,-i±r>.»^ '.* "T^m ^^BSMz 


i# .^ 



^Tt^rvft Xnt. Jkir' '.'ssnui-rnui sti fr fir. Tlsr ic 3r- aa- SHBtnr t-ii: 

2. Vr.'.Aij£K- ^ TSu T-TTHaya- 

-yi^ 01 firri ^mtfkc •r lie wntaot. woel t^ -tzurt :& jum: -lut 3mmnaL 

VM -fif tf#e wihfip^9^ nr Isj*^ ii«ft. r^ Ti»iS7ntg: "tirfii HEnne imml rjm^taiisb- 
Ui#f .-^ 'hM^sr -mnrrt:, Ih iutrFSiifR. -iui iMxcn -auniuL anussr ^vna. sit in. 
iu* tafstMltMmtmt: it: -Uint mud 'JLmrmatL tuf^ wU miiinf luf lu- d 

M^ ^^»i>*A« 1/^ aAirlejc fA CoaoinL the GoTernor to b&» ch^neier of Coffl> 

YK«1 1^ /|At*^f^flMrftt bur Imnytdlskteij formed eonsisdii^ ol 
((f1th0tf% if^wMjf and ibM (he Muse be orgm&ixedr arm<d, and equipped 

oAiTFWfcO; (w "rrrjrrr r\^vms^ ^ft^ 

Msiar GuMLiA ^ S— fciiy - -^nl t^fmrmunn tire /i«aimii«tf«yits^ iwri^ v^mm^^ 

parnr cc JLmliBTy. 

wiL jcffttaiec ii cnmii?^ inu ffnmamtgfe «iic pax mwl^cr iJKr i^MHimit^. ^: 
afBctes¥ fmtL tbf ^ociBMBSb no: a: wtii«t.. r:amii«iiM&tir*lifT«i»^ m^v ><^ 
speetrrehr iM^mir 

win plimur xr* jhpt dss^ tbsnbc: xi tbf (mmltrr nf Uir rlBnco^ ilnM flxiK 
max ht ffimttiwr witi al ivMBiiiii r-anvfinMinrt u- dintfliiospi' ^Ibi^ir dmtx* It) 
prnprnasne mic cfi9ici|iiniiik£: ibeir I^t^msmik 

tlie CcnnxiiBiidKiiB- wH jfifer. Tbc SiQ^srinr'^^ttfir wiE Sr a^vfv«ini^ ^*)x<?) 
Ibcir ferrkitf fliuJl iiammM- luioeatasrr 

Tbe kwf of Ocnnnzx. iltic xbt- regitin: fur nrdfir «-hkil) t»i> wniiK*^- 

To tbe cAofsr^ ^•cskiiicf' xbe pkafcRhur and ii<«etfiDl :ui«^ M f>K«>i<(^ir)ti^ ^f'l)! 
their loDdeA sQcnnaciii. limiie jnlluv nf nmiDrauU ir^^^nr «fi^ Yilit:^^ij|ii) 
feKcitT. Xert i* onr dmj tci Gr»d. » our dmr ^a aut 0«iw^y , w>>^^li 
we onlj eompkaahr di^iciiu^ wbtm i^d ii>e cbj^mMefr ^ a <tiX4«Mi) Hiitlif^) 
and obedient to ti>e OosiHmsztidii and ii»e Law, we d^it^ tW <^m<'t^ 
of a soldier, readx asd desermiiMid t^ vindicate and TMiiiitai^R t W 4H^)X>i 
and rights of oiir towenr. To irive fall ed^K<t to <^r ♦xwt^Afw^ I W ^\mwi 
mander in chief be^ kare to iHipre!» is tbe iai>$it <(JinM^ w^v»«w^ ^Ml^ 1^ 
General QfficepgL. tbe propriety c4 tbear b«5iowingerer>' att'M^t'K^v^ i>^ t^V^^ 
power toward tbe doe diseipJine ot tbetr i>e«p<^tire <s^rp^ a\(wl jv^^^^m^^ 
himself from his knowledge of the Gentlemen whti>m h<^ axM\(V«:^v^ «lt^ 
well as from the anxious zeal to acquire military knt>w)<si|;t^ >9rh^h \h<^^ 
vades his fellow citixens, that their endeavors ean not W ^ma>^iUlS|t 

If then, thos principled, and thus p^(^pa^Ml, while wi> iidmi\h> ^hi^ w(ih^ 
and humane policy which influenced the c^>uncils of Am^^HuMi^ (h ih^U' 
efforts to preserve to us the incalculable ble^ing^ ot )>^th\ x^'i^ nhv^U ^M\ 
counter the dangers of war with the consoling refli>etioi\ ih«^t U« x^\\\% 
are not imputable to our nation. 

Division Ordrrs. 

Each Aid-de>Camp will please to provide th«mii«»lviMii with n hiuik lov 
the purpose of registering General and division ortlt^rs, and \k\\ dliMitMoHM 
from the Adj.-General transmitted by himsolfi tho Mii|ois()tihi)t*Ml, or, In 
bis absence, by the Senior Brigadier. 


1794. The circulation of the above orders, & the receipt and transmission of 

Jane 30th Brigade Returns, will form part of the duty of the aid-de-camp. 

Major-General Lee has been pleased to appoint Thomas Nelson, ot 

Yorktown, and Taylor, of Petersburg, his aids-de-camp, who are 

to be obeyed & respected accordingly. 

The second & 8th Brigade, particularly, are assigned to Major Taylor. 
The & 14th Brigades are assigned to Major Nelson. 

July 4th. — Division Orders. 

The 4th division are required to furnish one Brigadier, three complete 
regiments, and nine complete companys. 

The Brigadier being appointed in General Orders, it is only necessary 

to apportion to the Brigades their respective quotas, which is done by 

reference to the laws of Congress & the bill organizing the militia, and 

^ by counting each regiment to be complete, there being as yet no returns 

from the Brigades of their respective force. 

2d brigade consists of six regiments; and will furnish one Brigadier, 
a Brigade Inspector, 2 majors, 9 captains, 9 Lieutenants, 8 Ensigns, 35 
Sergeants, 35 corporals, 18 Drums & Fifes, 1 Paymaster, 1 Quartermas- 
ter, 1 adjutant, 1 Surgeon, 1 Surgeon's mate, 1 Sergeant-major, & 551 

8th Brigade consists of six rog'ts; and will furnish 1 Lt.-Col., 1 major, 

9 captains, 9 Lieutenants, 8 Ensigns, 1 paymaster, 1 adjutant, 1 Quar- 
tei master, 1 surgeon, 1 surgeon's mate, 1 Sergeant-major, 1 Drum-major, 
1 Fife-major, 35 Sergeants, 35 corporals, 18 Drums & Fifes, & 551 pri- 

9th Brigade consists of 7 Reg'ts; & will furnish 1 Lt.-Col., 2 majors, 

10 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 10 Ensigns, 1 Paymaster, 1 adjutant, 1 
Quartermaster, 1 Surgeon, 1 Surgeon's mate, 1 Sergeant-major, 1 Drum- 
major, 1 Fife-major, 40 Sergeants, 40 Corporals, 20 Drums & Fifes, & 646 

14th Brigade consists of 8 Reg'ts; & will furnish 1 Lt.-Col., 2 majors, 
10 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 11 Ensigns, 1 paj-master, 1 adjutant, 1 
Quartermaster, 1 Surgeon, 1 Surgeon's mate, 1 Sergeant-major, 2 Drum- 
majors, 2 Fife-majors, 41 Sergeants, 41 corporals, 20 Drums & Fifes, & 
754 privates. 

The Brigadiers will please to exert themselves to carry into full 
effects the General Orders with all convenient dispatch, & will make 
report of their proceedings with the required returns to the Major- 
General, to whom no satisfaction can be more gratifying than that 
which he hopes to derive from the exemplary and soldier-like conduct 
of the division which he has the honor to command. 

For the General Officers, the dark blue coat, skirts lined with buff, 
capes, lapels and cuffs buff, buttons yellow. 

Epaulets gold, one on each shoulder, black cocked hat, with black 
cockade, black stock, boots and side arms. 


That tho UDiform tor the Infantry be a dark blue surtourt, with half- 1794. 
lapels, duffs and capes white, white lining and buttons, vests and over- June 30th 
alls white, with black gaiters, black half-boots, black stocks, hat round 
and cocked in the lefl side, with black cockade. 

That the uniform of the grenadiers be the same with the Infantry, 
with the distinction of longer coats and cocked hats. 

That the uniform for the Cavalry be a short green coat with buttons, 
lining, half-lapels, cuffs and capes white, white vests and leather breeches, 
with Jack boots, spurs and black stocks and black leather cap dressed 
on the crown with bear skin. 

That the Officers of the Infantry, Grenadiers, Riflemen and Cavalry 
be distinguished by epaulets of silver, the officers of Artillery be dis- 
tinguished by epaulets of gold; field officers to wear two epaulets, 
the captains one on the right, the subalterns one on the lefl; all officers 
to wear side arms and boots. 

That the uniform for the Rifle company be linen hunting shirts of 
purple colour, with overalls of the same, leather moccasins, or shoes. In- 
fantry hats with black stock. 

Alexander Campbell, Attorney-General of the United States, juiy 2d 

TO THE Governor. 

I observe by the letter of the British Consul at Norfolk that the Richmond 
owners of the vessels alledged to have been captured within the mar- 
ine limits of the United States, have libelled them in the District Court 
of Maryland with a view, I presume, to litigate there the legality of 
their capture. 

If this be the case, the question is sub judice, and being before the 
court of another district, is out of the sphere of my official agency. • 
The only case of this sort in which I have acted, was one which I un- 
derstood to be depending before the Executive of the United States, 
but as the district courts have now exclusive jurisdiction upon such 
subjects, the evidence to be taken must be obtained by the parties con- 
cerned, in the modes prescribed by law. 

I have, &c. 

John Trigg to the Governor. July 3d 

In consequence of the militia of Bedford county being divided into Bedford 
two regiments, and designated by the 10th and 91st regiments, this has county 
occasioned a contrariety of opinions amongst the militia officers res- 
pecting the raising companys of light Infantry by voluntary enlistment. 


1794. Some of the officers are of opinion that as those companys are to be 

July 3d raised by voluntary enlistment, that consequently they have a right to 
enlist them from any other regiment other than that which they live 
in; while others of the officers think that the enlistment of those men 
are confined to the respective regiments of which the officers are an- 
nexed to make a part of. Would your Excellency be so good to signify 
your opinion as to the latitude which the law gives respecting the enlist- 
ment of men of the above description, and in the mean time, 

I am, &c. 

July 6th John Hamilton to the Governor. 

Norfolk I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of yours of the 2d of 


Mr. Moore, the clerk of the court of Admiralty, has arrived, and has 
taken the interrogatories of the witnesses in the case of the ship 
Charles and Schooner Delight, so that business being now settled, your 
Excellency will be pleased to decline any further trouble on the occa- 

I am authentically informed that John Sinclair and others of Smith- 
field, as now fitting out a large ship as a privateer to carry twenty 

guns, and that a Capt. Doharty and a Mr. now in this place and 

Portsmouth, are enlisting and recruiting men for the said ship. 

This being contrary to an act of Congress passed last session, you will 
no doubt take such steps as appears to you proper to put a stop to the 
equipment of the said ship contrary to the laws of neutrality, and to 
the above act of Congress made for such purposes. 

I inclose you an Invoice of my Plate with the first Cost and Charges, 
& a State of the lowest price I will take. The payment, either Cash, 
Bills of Exchange, Tobacco, or Flour, at the market price. The arti- 
cles have never been used, and are now in the case. 

I had just wrote this far, when I was favored with your Excellency's 
letter of the 3d, with the Attorney -Generars inclosed, and thank yoo 
for your attention to this Business, which is exactly conducted as Mr. 
Campbell has stated. 

With, &c. 

July 6th Proclamation of Governor Lbb. 

By the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia — A Proclamation. 

Whereas, I have received information that some wicked and evil-dis- 
posed person or persons, whose names are unknown, did; on the night 


of the 20th of Jane last, feloniously steal and take away Two Children 1794. 
of Peggy Howell, a free Mulatto living in the county of Charlotte, with July 6th 
a design, as is supposed, to sell them in some of the neighboring States 
as Slaves, the name & description of which children are contained in 
the Hue and Cry subjoined. And whereas, the rights of humanity arc 
deeply interested in the restoration of the Children to their parent, 
and the good order of society is involved in the punishment of the 
offenders, I do by and with the advice of the Council of State issue 
this my Proclamation offering a Reward of Fifly Dollars for the recovery 
of each of the said children, and the further 'sum of one hundred dollars 
for apprehending and securing in the public jail of Charlotte county 
the offender or offenders. 

Given under my hand as Governor, and under the Seal ot the Com- 
monwealth, in Council Chamber, at Richmond, this 8th day of July, one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-four. 


To the Sheriffs and Constables within the Commonwealth of Virginia 
to whom this shall come : 

Charlotte County, Set. : 

Whereas Peggy Howell, of this county (Mulatto free woman), has 
this day made oath before me, Robert Bedford, one of the Justices of 
the Peace for the county aforesaid, that on the night of the 20th instant 
(June) two of her children were kidnapped and feloniously taken away 
by persons unknown, who are since fled for the same, and are not yet 

These are therefore in the name of the Commonwealth, to charge and 
command you, and every — of you, in your several precincts, to search 
diligently for the said persons, and to make hue and cry after them from 
county to county, and if you shall find the persons by whom the said 
robbery was committed, or whom you shall have just cause to suspect 
thereof, that then you apprehend and bring him, her, or them, before 
some Justice of the Peace of the county where they shall be taken, to 
be dealt with as the law directs. 

Given under my hand this 22d of June, 1794. 


P. S. The children were both boys, between four and five years old, 
stout and well made. One named Peter Toney, of a dark complexion, 
is blind of his right eye, having a film over it, and in his lefl eye a small 
white speck near the sight; has recently lost one of his finger nails by 
a wound ; has a wound in his forehead, occasioned by a burn, which is 
not quite well, and may probably leave a scar. His hair (which is not 
inelined to be very long) ht^ b^en lately trimed pretty close, i^ll tQ ^ 


1794. little on the back part of his neck, between his ears. Had on when he 
July 6th was taken away, a coat and overalls of blue plains, his coat (having a 
row of small metal buttons on each side and no button hole) was fastened 
by strings. The other, named Edmund Booker, of a dark complexion 
likewise, his hair short and sun burnt, his fore teeth decayed and turned 
black, has a scar on his right knee, occasioned by a burn ; had on when 
taken away, an osnabrigs shirt. 

July 6th At a Court of Oyer & Terminer held at the Court-house of Spotsyl- 
vania County on Monday, the seventh day of July, one thousand seven 
hundred and ninety-four, for the trial of Ned, a negro man slave, the 
property of Peggy Chew Carter, of the county of Caroline, and of 
Harry, a negro man slave, the property of Jerry Morton of- the said 
County of Spotsylvania, who stand charged with the murder of James, 
a negro man slave, the property of the said Jeremiah Morton. 

After hearing the testimony of divers witnesses and of them, the 
prisoners, the court found them both guilty of the crime of murder as 
charged and sentenced them to be hung on Monday, the 11th day of 
August next. 

July 8th A. Lewis to the Governor. 

Botetourt Inclosed you will have a letter containing Capt. Crockett's resigna- 
tion, with his reasons, which I have taken the earliest opportunity by 
accidental conveyance to make you acquainted with, and am heartily 
sorry for the loss of so good an officer. I hope your Excellency will 
consider the disagreeable situation that I now stand in, having com- 
mand of three companys and almost without officers. You are too well 
acquainted with the command of troops to expect that soldiers will do 
their duty fully without under the eye of those they are obliged to obey. 
Were the troops garrisoned convenient to others, it might be done, but 
where in so many different stations as those are, and at so considerable 
a distance from others, it is impossible, and hope that Capt. Ci*ockett's 
place will be immediately filled by commissioning a proper person, and 
also subalterns for the vacancys now in the companys occasioned by the 
resignations of Ensigns Campbell and Adams. 

When I left the frontiers the other day all was well. Some time ago 
we were amused with the prospect of peace with the Cherokees, by a 
talk from the Hanging Man to Governor Blount. At that time, an 
Indian among those Tribes, known by the title of Colonel Watts, with 
some other of the chiefs, were at Pensacola, since which they have re* 
turned, and report says that Watts has sent in a Talk to Governor 


Bloont that he may expect nothing but war; that he is determined to 1794. 
have revenge for the blood spilt. If this is true, we shall have plenty to do. July 8th 

Having a very considerable harvest on hand, and the misfortune to 
lose some hands, occasions me to bo at home a short time. So soon as 
possible shall return. Should instructions come forward for Captain 
Hawkins to take his post, I fear it will be hard to meet with him, as he 
is at present out of the State, nor do I know when he will return. 

I am, &c. 

Head of Clinch, June 22d, 1794. July gth 
Dear Sir: 

On the last day ot this month you as the commanding officer 
of the Troops defending the Southwestern Frontier, will be pleased to 
accept of my resignation as Captain of a company of volunteer militia, 
placed under your instructions by order of the Executive of Virginia. 

The reasons of my resignation are, that I may acquire the knowledge 
necessary for a clerk of the county court, by the instruction of Major 
Smith, who intends to remove from the Courthouse next spring, and 
eleven of the members of the last court requested me to do the business 
in court myself, that a full court should not be wanting in future. 

I am always ready to be advised by my friends, but am determined 
no part of my conduct shall ever be governed by my enemies. 

I should indeed be happy, was it in my power, to accompany you next 
fall to one of the Indian Towns, but it will be out of my power so to 
do. However, I wish you the same success, and that your conduct may 
always continue to meet the appellation of " well done good and faith- 
ful servant," as well as pave the way for a trust of greater importance. 

Accept, &c., 

Captain A. Lewis. 

R. Crockett to the Governor. July 8th 

Having obtained the clerkship of this county, and finding it difficult to Wythe 
employ a Deputy capable of doing the business ot that office, urged me 
to a resignation of my appointment on the Southwestern Frontier. 

On the first day of this month, I left the Head of Clinch and about 
the 20th of last, wrote to Capt. Lewis as Commandant of the Troops 
defending the Southwestern Frontier, to accept of my resignation, ex- 
pecting he was authorized so to do. I expected an answer from Capt. 
Lewis immediately after he received my letter, but he having left the 
Frontiers a few days before, I suppose is the reason I have not got one. 

The other day I saw General Tate, who is of opinion that no person is 



1794. authorized to accept of my resignation but your Excellency. In conse- 

July 8th quence of which, and not receiving an answer from Capt. Lewis I shall 

without loss of time return to the Frontiers, and there remain until I 

have the approbation of your Excellency for my resignation, as I would 

be really sorry to do anything as an officer which the Executive might 

think improper. 

I am, &c. 

July 8th At a court held for the county of Wythe on Tuesday, the 8th day of 
July, 1794 : 

Present: William Davis, John Adams, Leonard Straw, Robert Sayers 
James Finley, Gentlemen Justices. 

Ordered that John Thompson Sayers, William Thompson and Alex- 
ander Buchanon be recommended to His Excellency the Governor as 
Sheriflfe for the county of Wythe. 

A Copy — Teste: 

W. DROPE, D. CPk. 

July 9th Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Washington By intelligence fVom Knoxville, the uncle of Capt. Bench is out with 
thirty warriors to take revenge in Virginia. The necessity of having 
some men on duty near Mockison Gap, the former place of his haunts, 
and now we suppose of his avengers, seems urgent. Were Captain 
Lewis* company so arranged as to cover that settlement, and he be act- 
ive in ranging the woods, it might in a degree appease the fears of the 
Inhabitants. That part of Lee county which turned out so cleverly 
under Lieut. Hobbs in pursuit of Bench, is altogether exposed; that is 
they have no part oT the guard on duty nearer than forty miles. My 
own conjecture is, that Hobbs and his friends may be the sufferers. 
All late accounts say that the whole of the lower Cherokees are for war. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — I write by a traveller. 

July 9th Robert Andrews to the Governor. 

Williams- Last Monday the Hustings Court of this city recommended to the 
""^ Executive, officers for the company of militia. 

The appointment, I think, is judicious, and it has the approbation of 
the people. The members of the court desire me to solicit .a small sup- 
ply of public arms for this company, which I suppose will consist of 
about one hundred good men. If the principles which govern the 


Executive in their distribution of arms will permit a compliance with 1794. 
the wishes of the magistrates of Williamsburg on this occasion, I am July 9th 
persuaded the public property will be safely entrusted, and into hands 
which will at all times make proper use of it. 

I am, &c. 

Virginia — To-wit: 

James Bfonroe, Esq., who was duly chosen a Senator for this Com- July 10th 
monwealth in pursuance of the Constitution for the United States of 
America, having resigned during the recess of the Legislature of the 
Commonwealth, I, Henry Lee, being Governor or Chief Magistrate of 
the Commonwealth, have therefore thought fit by and with the advice 
and consent of the privy council, or council of State, and by virtue of 
the said Constitution, to appoint Patrick Henry, Esquire, to be and act 
as a Senator for the Commonwealth, until the next meeting of the 
Legislature thereof. 

Given under my hand and the seal of the Commonwealth this 10th 
day of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four. 


Wyatt Coleman to the Governor. juiy loth 

From two considerations I beg leave once more officially to represent Capitol 
to your Excellency the defective state of the roof of the Capitol, which 
by the late heavy rains, has rendered the Council Chamber already 
unsafe from the great probability of the plaster falling. 

It need hardly be further presented that in a very short time the 
timbers which support the roof must decay by being exposed to wet 
whenever it rains, and that the consequent ruin of the building must 

The second consideration respects myself, who have in consequence 
of these defects, had an extraordinary duty imposed upon me, which I 
have heretofore understood belonged to another, to-wit: the keeping in 
order the Council chamber. 

The duties of my office originally were more than I could execute, 
which compelled me to hire a servant, an expense I could very illy 
afford to incur from £30 per annum. I shall esteem it a singular favor 
if your Excellency will be so good as to define particulaily my duty, 
which I will spare no pains to execute. 

I have, &c. 




Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 

July nth 


At the request ot Mr. Minor^ and on behalf of the keeper who can- 
not get to the top of the Capital, I have this morning been upon its 
roof, and beg leave for the information of your Excellency to state that 
in covering the same the sheets of lead have been placed up and down, 
and combined by folding the edges together; thus for near half-way to 
the top on the northwest side, forming a sheet of such immense weight 
that the nails heretofore intended for that purpose could not prevent it 
from sliding down and leaving a chasm between this and the sheet 
next above, which is laid on and combined in the same manner, and 
which from its great weight also slides down, leaving a chasm between 
that and a third sheet which roaches to the top. That the southeast 
side of the roof is nearly in the same situation. That it appears to me 
impracticable to keep the roof tight with the lead put on as it is now, 
even with the most faithful workmanship, which I do not believe from 
present appearances has been practiced upon it. 

I was forcibly struck with the propriety of an observation made by 
Mr. Minor while upon the roof, tehich was that the most eligible mode 
of putting on the lead would be to lay it in single sheets across the 
rafters, beginning at the bottom and nailing them and lapping them 
sufficiently to keep the roof secure (explained below). That the alter- 
ation thus contemplated would be attended with considerable expense. 
That at present for a temporary prevention of the injury occasioned by 
the leaks, planks have been introduced into the chasm before mentioned, 
which but very partially answers the purpose. That the introduc- 
tion of sheets of Lead (if to be had) instead of plank could not be ex- 
pected to answer any better for any length of time; and that Mr. Minor 
wishes a committee of the Executive to examine the roof in order to a 

decision what ought to be done. 

I have, &c. 

[N. B. — Accompanying this letter is a rude diagram, which cannot be 
easily copied.] 

July 11th 



I have the honor hereby to forward to your Excellency the Map I 
have made of Elizabeth's river; all the distances you requested me to 
determine are accurately measured, and any other you should like to 
know within the reach of the guns of the forts, can be measured by the 
scale which is annexed to the Map. I drew a copy of it for the War 
Office, but, unhappily, it is too large to enter the mail; I have therefore 
been forced to injure it much by folding it. When I have a little time, 


I intend to make a second chart, inclading the Gapes, but it requires a 1794. 
trip of a few days, and that must be lefl for the future. July 11th 

Had I not known that accuracy and clearness are the first objects re- 
qoired in plans, I would have mine and made a drawing of it but I 
hope this answers every purpose. 

Mr. Courty has just finished the copy of Port Nelson, which I gave 
him to do before your departure. I therefore did the whole of these 
myself, and shall request him now to do some other business concerning 
Craney Island. 

Notwithstanding the bad weather, Port Nelson goes on tolerably well. 
Most of the platforms are placed, the new lines more than half raised 
towards the land side, and the powder magazine so advanced that if the 
weather is more favorable it will be completed in a few days. 

Tour Excellency will see by the enclosed return that it was impossible 
to keep any hands working at Port Norfolk — a division of our means 
would reduce them to a trifle. The guns arrived from Elk are, some of 
them, good, some very indifferent, and only proper for short distances. 
I therefore shall have them mounted on the battery which commands 
the entrance of the harbour. 

Mrs. Rivardi presents her respectful compliments to Mrs. Lee, and 

I have, Ac. 

Receipts given to Alex'r Lary for packets and letters delivered by him 
to sundry parties to whom sent on ofiicial business. 

Alexander Campbell, Attorney-General U. S., to the juiy nth 


It having been represented to your Excellency by the British Consul Richmond 
at Norfolk, that a Mr. Sinclair and some other persons at Smithfield, are 
fitting out a ship to act as a privateer in the present war of Europe; I 
shall consider it as my duty if this shall appear to be true, to prosecute 
on the part of the United States for the forfeiture and penalties which 
have been incurred by this violation of their laws. But before such 
prosecution can be instituted by me, I must be certified that there is at 
least probable ground for it, and though Mr. Hamilton's information on 
this head be respectable, yet it is not legally sufficient. It only fur- 
nishes cause for an inquiry into the fact, which it is within the proper 
province of the Executive to make. 

If upon this enquiry the Executive or the officer whom they shall ap- 
point for that purpose, shall be satisfied that the representation of the 
British Consul is well founded, I must request that your Excellency will 



1794. in that case direct the vessel to be arrested and detained until means can 
July 11th be taken by the civil power to enforce the laws upon this subject. 

I am, &c. 

July 12th 

William Lindsay to the Governor. 

Collector's Enclosed is a copy of a letter I have received from Copeland Parker, 


Norfcak ^"^'^ ^^ ^^^ P^^^ ^^ Smithfield. 

I am, &c., 

July 12th 

A copy. 


Surveyor's Office, Smithfield, 

July 8th, 1794. 

In conformity to your request I have examined the ship Unicorn, 
now at this place under a state of repair. 

The ship appears to be about 65 feet keel, 24 Beam, and 9 feet hold, 
was built during the late war in Maryland, is sharp built, and must sail 
fast from appearance; her upper Deck has been cut down. She now 
appears to be fitting for an armed vessel, having a slight waist ran up, 
with eleven port holes of a side. She is under the direction of Mr. John 
Sinclair, a native of this country, who has expatriated himself by law 
and calls himself a citizen of France. ECe has many men Imployed upon 
the ship, and from appearances she may be ready to sail in three weeks. 
A number of Guns are laying by her, which is intended for her, and 
from every appearance she is designed for a Cruizing vessel. What may 
be Mr. Sinclair's intentions I do not know, but it is generally said she 
is to go to sea armed and well manned with citizens of the United States. 
It is thought by some, that she has been commissioned by Admiral 
Vanstable, by others that she is to go to a French port, and there ob- 
tain a commission to act against the Enemies of the French Republic. 

I am, &c, 

Signed COPELAND PARKER, Surveyor. 

To Wm. Lindsay, Esq*r, 

Collector of Norfolk. 

July 14th 

Robert Andrews to Governor Lee. 


Williams- ^^' ^*^* waits on you for the purpose of procuring money for the 
btug use of the Lunatic hospital, and supposing it might give more weight 


to his application, he has requested me to represent to you the neces- 1794. 
sities of that institution. I am sensible that this is not necessary, and July 14th 
that your directions respecting the draft will depend on the state of the 
Public treasury. When the directors of the hospital last met^ on en- 
quiry into the claims on it, they found them to amount nearly to the 
sum now applied for, and I believe Mr. Gait has been obliged to borrow 
money of his friends for its support. 

With, &c. 

Samuel Butler to the Governor. Julyi5th 

Your letter of the 11th instant sent by express to Brigadier-General Surry 
Bradley was left at his seat in this county on the succeeding day. As 
the General was then in Powhatan, and his return not expected for a 
considerable time, and as I thought it probable that the contents of 
your letter might require immediate attention, I took the liberty of 
opening it. 

Yesterday morning I went down to Smithfield, and immediately on 
my arrival there I waited on Mr. James Wells, who is the Colo. Com- 
mandant of Isle of Wight county, and who resides in Smithfield, of 
whom I enquired respecting Mr. Sinclair's fitting out a ship at that 
place for a privateer. Col. Wells told me there had been such a report, 
and in consequence thereof he had endeavored to obtain every possible 
information concerning it, but that he had not been able to establish the 
fact, nor did he believe that it was the intention of Mr. Sinclair, or any 
one concerned in the Ship, to fit her out for the above purpose. 

After making the fullest inquiry of every disinterested person from 
whom I could expect to receive the smallest information, and having 
strictly examined the ship (which I found to have been lately cut down, 
and on board of which were eighteen wooden guns), I waited on Mr. 
Sinclair, and interrogated him respecting the matter. He solemnly 
declared to me that the ship wes not intended for a privateer. That he 
had sold one>half of her to a Gent., at whose request he had cut her 
down, and that they meant shortly to load her for France, where they 
expected to make sale of her. Mr. Sinclair farther assured. me that no 
commission ever had been obtained for the ship, and that neither he nor 
his partner had it in idea ever to make application for one. 

Upon the whole, sir, I did not conceive that the grounds of suspicion 
were sufiSciently strong to justify my taking possession of the ship. 
Colonel Wills, however, has assured me that should he have good reasons 
to believe that an attempt will be made to violate the neutrality of the 
United States by fitting out the above ship for a privateer, every neces- 
sary and legal measure within his power shall be adopted in order to 
prevent it. 



1794. Hoping, sir, that my conduct in this business will meet with your 

July 15th approbation, 

I have, &c. 

July 16th 




Wm. Lindsay to the Governor. 

Since my letter to you of the 12th instant respecting the ship arming 
at Smithfield, I have received information from Mr. Parker, Surveyor for 
that Port, that a vessel has arrived there from Baltimore with 300 four- 
pound balls, and a considerable quantity of powder and grape shot for 
the further equipment of said ship. 

It is said she will be ready for sea sooner than was expected. 

I am, &c. 

July 16th 

Wyatt Coleman, Sr., to the Governor. 
Asking instruction as to his duty as Keeper of the Capitol. 

July 16th 

William Lowther to the Governor. 

Clarksburg On my way to visit the posts on the Ohio, at Morgan Town I received 
yours of the 9th of April. I am sorry to observe by a letter from Gen'l 
Wood, of the 26th of June, that I am suspected of disobedience of orders, 
but do not doubt of standing excused when your Excellency is assured 
I did not receive the orders prior to Mr. Martin's setting out for your city. 
I am at present but a few days returned from the Towns, and am making 
the necessary arrangements for a prompt compliance with your request, 
and the Troops shall be stationed on the river in the most judicious 
manner I am capable of directing. 

Although the orders I received from Gen'l Wood are to station the 
men between HoUiday's Cove and Little Kanawha, yet I have ventured 
to direct Captain Bogard to take bis stand at the mouth of Great Stock- 
hocking about 16 miles below the mouth of Little Kanawha, as I am 
fully sensible the enemy very frequently pass and repass at and near 
that place when they commit depredations in this country. But should 
your Excellency <liBapprove of the measure, they shall be immediately 
removed. So soon as I take my station on the river I will endeavor to 
make returns and forward all material occurrences. 

The pay abstracts presented by Mr. Martin were returned as informal. 
I shall send others, which I trust will be satisfactory, and beg leave to 
request to be notified so soon as the money is ready, as many are uneasy 
at its long delay. 


I just receiTed infomuition that I believe muj be relied npon, that ft 
party of Indians attacked a part of Captain McCollock's company near 1794. 
the month of Cross creek on the north side of the river, and killed three, Jaly 16th 
and about the same time three men were also killed on the river near to 
the Pennsylvania line. 

I have, &c. 

Petition of Phillip Williams and R. Paslky to the Governor. July leth 

Praying for a relaxation of discipline in Henrico county Goal. 

John Stuart to Hon. John Steele. Julyioth 

Since I wrote you yesterday the Kanawha man has arrived. He Greenbrier 
brings no news — all there is peace. I have enclosed two receipts for the 
ammunition I furnished them, viz: 195 lbs of powder. Lead, I could 
get none. At the Beginning of this Season our people on the Frontier 
of this county were very apprehensive of danger from the Indians, and 
as their was much rumor of war I thought it best to provide against dan- 
ger, and therefore took a barrel of powder of Ace Ludington of 100 lbs 
weight, which I promised to see him paid for, and which I intended to 
apply to the use of Militia, provided occasion should lie. The powder 
has since been in my possession, where I shall retain it for said purpose 
provide the Board should think it necessary. If so, they will be pleased 
to grant an order for the payment; if not, I shall be under the necessity 
of paying Ludington, making the best I can of it This you will be 
pleased to mention, and also have Clendinen's receipts settled, for this he 
has received. Ludington's was the only stock of powder in this country, 
and I have passed my word for payment of the whole to him. What 
may be obtained please deliver to Col. Gamble. 

I am, &c. 

William Patton to the -Governor. juiy i7th 

Explaining the causes of delay in entering upon his duties as Agent Pendleton 
in his District ^^^^y 

Governor Leb to Captain A.- Lewis. juiy 17th 

I received your favor oi the eighth enclosing Captain Crockett's resign Richmond 
nation, which I am sorry for, as he was a valuable officer. 



1794. As you express a doubt whether Captain Hawkins could readily be 

July 17th met with was he called upon to take his post, being at present out of the 
State, the council have advised that Captain Niel and Ensign Cockrell 
be required to take command of the men in ye room of Captain Crock- 
ett and one of the Ensigns whom you say have resigned, and I request 
you will give them immediate notice to repair to their respective stations. 

I have, &c. 

Rough Orders. 

The President of the United States having required a second detach- 
ment of Militia from this Commonwealth, amounting to three tliousand 
infantry and three hundred cavalry, inclusive of commissioned officers, 
to bo prepared for immediate service, the commander-in-chief accord- 
ingly directs the same to be forthwith appointed. 

The 2d Division will furnish 2,000 infantry, composing, with officers, 
two complete regiments of infantry and seven complete companies, with 
three troops of C. 

The 3 Divisions will furnish 1,000 infrantry, composing, with com- 
missioned officers, one complete regiment, with four complete additional 
companies and two troops of cavalry. 

The Fourth Division will furnish one troop of cavalry. 

July 19th D. M. Randolph to the Governor. 

Smithfield To describe the particulars of our situation at this moment is impos- 
sible. This business has progressed as was expected. We are in pos- 
session of the ship, and the military aid is so inadequate to the occasion 
that the completion of my errand is out ot the question. Sinclair's 
words are these: "he could raise if he pleased 50 men sooner than I 
could. No resistance however was made to the arrest of the vessel, 
which was made after waiting the whole day in vain for that assistance 
from the Colo, which had been required upon our first arrival. We 
have now only about eight men in number, and after my personal appli- 
cation to individuals we can muster about six guns that may possibly 
fire; not a single bayonet. I am well informed of Sinclair's having 50 
stand of arras in his sail loft, where his powder, shot, and all his valua- 
ble implements of war are deposited. My authority not extending to 
reach his houses, I demanded of a magistrate a warrant to examine, 
which has not been granted. Neither will my demand be respected till 
your further instruction. I have received a formal warning from Sinclair, 
I to-wit, that if 500 men attempt to search his house & his life shall be the 


forfeit, he will put the first man to death. He just this momeut came 1794. 
to the side of the Ship for this purpose, attended by a Capt. Malcomb, July 19th 
who was armed with a sword and pistol. The first was wrested from 
him whilbt it was exhibited over the vessel's side, and wounded in a very 
trifling degree one of the men (by accident I believe). The pistol he 
walked oif with, swearing that whoever should take that from him, 
should receive two balls through the head first. Since which affair, two 
of their men have been seen on the hill well armed — and the Lieutenant 
of our Guard returning on board, heard one of his men say in the dark, 
that if Capt. Sinclair would give orders they would soon clear the decks. 
This much was said to me also before it was dark. 

I have written to Colo. Lindsay, per Express this moment, stating 
briefly our situation, & requesting the Cutter with an armed force to 
come to our assistance. I shall say no more of searching for the arms, sails, 
&C.J &e., &c., which are certainly stored, until your further orders. This 
part of the business, notwithstanding he peaceably surrenders the ship 
for to-night, will be serious. He and the people belonging, swear they 
will come on board & go to work on Monday, and this they can accom- 
plish when they please. 

From present appearances, they have about 15 to 18 men well equipped 
& impatient for his orders. Major Taylor & myself shall continue on 
guard till we can be relieved. There are many particulars relative to 
this business, which we shall endeavour to recollect and communicate at 
another time. The power to search & the mode will be expected from 
you by Express. 

I am sorry to mention the abuse offered Mr. Parker, as well from 
Capt. Sinclair, as others of his attendants. 

Mr. Parker's conduct seems to have been highly meritorious, and *tis 
extremely aggravating that he has great cause to fear assamii nation. 
He has been warned by several friends. 

I am, &c. 

G- K. TaTLOB to the GoVERXOK. Jnly i9ih 

I have the honor to inform you that in compJyance with yoar orders, .^mhhfieid 
I have accompanied the Marshall to this place, and finding that military ^^ ^^^^ *^ 
force would be necessary to keep the vessel, which was to be seized, I 
delivered your letter to CoL James Wells, the eommaodant of the mili* 
tia oi Isle of Wight County. 

The dlreetioos contained in that letter have been so illy obeyed, that 
at this moment, after giving the commandaAt at least twelve bouni' 
notice, we have only 7 or 3 armed men to guard the vessel wbieb tJbe 
Marshall tlua eveoiniif took pofisessioa of. We ourselves are guarded by 
a much OKnre eofMnderable Dumber devoted to Capiaia Sindair, and 


1794. know not whether the vessel will not be rescued from us before morn- 
July 19th ing. His men are all properly accoutred. Our few have nothing 
superior, and scarcely anything equal to common fowling pieces. All 
ideas of further aid from the county of Isle of Wight appear to be idle, 
from causes which I shall detail in a subsequent letter. 

In this emergency Mr. Randolph has written to Mr. Lindsay, col- 
lector at Norfolk, and (although I had no orders from you to warrant 
it), I have requested Brigadier General Mathews to aid Mr. Lindsay as 
far as may be necessary. Mr. Randolph's request to Mr. Lindsay is, 
that the revenue cutter should be immediately sent up to this place. 
Capt. Sinclair has plainly informed us that he will resume possession 
of his vessel, and from present prospects, our only chance of preventing 
him is by the arrival of the cutter. I have further to add, that we are 
informed from sources too respectable to afford room for doubt, that in 
a house contiguous, a number of cannon, muskets and balls, and a con- 
siderable quantity of powder are deposited. The house, Captain Sin- 
clair has informed us, he will lose his life in defending. At the same 
time, we conceive that we have no license without the aid of the civil 
authority, to attempt force in obtaining them, and therefore I have 
written this hasty scrawl to inform you of the circumstances, not doubt- 
ing that we shall immediately receive the commands of the Executive 
on the subject. I have no time to take a copy of this letter, and there- 
fore hope that you will excuse inaccuracies. 

I have, &c. 

Dear Weisiger: 

As citizens and friends we have to request of you that the instant 
you receive this letter you will send its enclosures to Richmond. Wait 
not the rising of the morning sun, but whenever this letter reaches you, 
whether by day or by night, send on an express with the letters to the 

We are perplexed, and must wait further orders. 

We are, &c., 


Saturday night, 11 o'clock, July 19lh, 179«i. 

July 19th John Littlbjohn to thb Governor. 

The amount of the claims sent to the Executive for payment from 
this county for guards upon the Potomack to prevent the fever so much 
dreaded by the inhabitants of this State, amounted to 21. 5. 9. The 
board, called in your absence, issued a certificate, now sent for payment, 


to the ftmount oi 17. 9. only. The claimants are not willing to sabmit 1794. 
to the loss, and threaten the contractors with suits for their demands. Jaly 19th 
The contractors are willing to lose the charges they have made for their 
services, but think it hard to be out of pocket. Losing their time and 
money does not feel pleasing, as they rested assured the demands of the 
claimants would be paid, and they are much censured by the guards, 
who say they have received the money and will not pay it. For my 
own part, I have paid mine to prevent the reflections of the guards, but 
as all the claims were put into my hands to collect from the Executive^ 
I am now the only person censured. Shall bo much obliged by a state- 
ment of the principles upon which the board proceeded to dock the ac- 
count, as it may be satisfactory to those concerned. 

I am, Ac. 


I had the honor some time since to communicate to you the offer of Richmond 
my service, together with the other officers of the artillery, and the rest of 
the company to make the first tour of duty that may be required from 
the President of the United States. 

The company of artillery consists of 44 present, and I have no doubt 
I shall be able in a few days to complete the company. I hope there 
will be no difficulty in accepting it, as it is at present. 

I am, &c. 


1 gratefully acknowledge having had the honor of receiving your last Norfolk 
letter. Nothing could afford me more pleasure than the hopes of seeing 
your Excellency soon. Your presence will undoubtedly arouse the 
sleeping patriotism of the inhabitants here, and put a stop to those vile 
little cabalings so detrimental to public good. They disgust me too 
much to allow me to enter into particulars, and shall reserve that topic 
for one of our first conversations. In the meantime, I am happy to in- 
form you that since I had the honor of writing to you last. Fort Kelson 
has gone on very well, considering our want of hands and money. The 
latter are now well acquainted with their business. The land lines are 
all indelibly marked. The platforms all placed. The Embrasures partly 
completed. It will now take a couple of weeks more to finish all but 
the turfing of the traverses: that business can be lefl then to a small 
party, and our main force be transferred to Fort Norfolk. By that 
time, I hope we shall have a pittance from the Country and everything 
will then go on better. 



1794. I have the honor lo submit to your Excellency'B iDspection the plan 

Jo); 19th I drew for Crsny laland. Should Point Comfort be fortified, the battery 
of seven guns drawn in the Margin would be sufficient even without the 
outworks traced in yellow. 

One hundred men would then be enough for the defence of that very 
important spot. In ctmo, however, Point Comfort wa« left without de- 
fence, I should think eleven Guns necessary as marked in the plan. 

If we had been amply provided with money, I should have proposed 
a Crown Work, but it would be very expensive and require too numer- 
ous a Garrison. Please to send me your orders on that subject, that I 
may bring thero into execution as soon as possible. 

Mrs. Bivarde returns her grateful acknowledgement to your lady for 
her kind remembrance, and longs much to have it in her power to enjoy 
tbe honor of her society. 

I am in great hurry, having the inclosed plan to finish. I therefore 
shall only beg you to believe mo, &c. 

P. S. — The money announced by the Secretary of War hae not yet 
been transmitted, which faurte us mucb. I intended toeond yonr Ex- 
cellency a return of the workmen employed last week, but Mr. Graves 
could not'be found this morning. 

Return of Laborers employed at Fort Nelson, commencing the 7th and 
ending 13th oi July, 1794: 


Thomas Mathbws, B. G., to thb Governor. 1794. 

I this day received by express from Major Taylor a letter, of which July 20th 
number one of the inclosed papers is a copy. The other enclosures are Norfolk 
orders arising from that letter. The tenor of Major Taylor's letter 
appears to me of too much importance to be neglected. I therefore 
directed the detachment mentioned in my orders to Col. Newton to his 
aid, but hope the good disposition of the citizens of the Isle of Wight 
will lead them to assist rather than oppose the legal process of their 

I hope the Executive will approve the measures I have pursued. 

I am, &c. 

Norfolk, July 19th, 1794, 10 o'clock at night. 

I have been sent down by Major General Lee to assist the Mar- 
shall in taking possession of the ship Unicom, which is said to be arm- 
ing against the laws of the United States, in order to cruise against 
some of the European belligerent powers. At the same time I was fur- 
nished with a letter to the commandant of Isle of Wight county, direct- 
ing him to furnish us with as many men as might be requisite. This 
letter has been so badly obeyed that we have at this moment only about 
seven or eight armed men on board, and there is no probability of keep- 
ing the vessel without further aid. 

In this predicament Mr. Randolph, the marshall, has written to Mr. 
Lindsay, the collector at Norfolk, requesting his assistance, and I beg 
leave, as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Lee, to request that you will 
assist the Collector as far as may be necessary. No further aid from 
present prospects is to be expected from Isle of Wight County. 

I have, &c. 

Brigadier-General Mathews. 

Norfolk Borough, 20th July, 1794. 

On the receipt of this, you will be pleased to order one Subaltern, 
two Sergeants, and twenty-five privates of your Regiment, properly 
equipped for immediate service. So, soon as the detachment is ready, 
you will direct the officer to call on me for orders. 

I am, &c. 

THOS. MATHEWS, B. G. 9th B. 

Lieut.-Col. Thos. Newton. 

r^r^JTKihJL iff yr/ " ^ ^'r.^"Tig 

•IIIT^ - 




of JTHC' mro 

T!!fi.l^ WfT'i :r»*i i; ^ teL ^ 

ZKoeaoIc.. ^u^ ^^2. XT! 

Tm; irH mnnfidaBcsn- iiiiiu i Ei : wiu. im nrtartnngic under j-iisr 
ofRnmBnc oi. mbtc "liti: liiewiaiiiH Oanflr riininaiitd aL iw Ckgu. liarrT snf 
pnMJMfC -ptisL aL j Wili m: caqttfmiuiL xr fantamsiiL ir laif^ Orancj of Isk^ 

ui«7. vc zkit nroffif' o: fotssL afh^ns- w^ in msr drnxs. I matL 


Xjksiil Suin. WnvvosiOi^. 

Stjsikf iHlfi: 

-Jift. Vnsisa. Ti- TFT "GnnxsiaL 


I sixL Jkl 



Bati«c% Htll tC' tei G^rr 



exceeding Two Thousand Pounds, as a ftirthor supiM>rt ft^r tli\\w* \¥C^\X' tn^4» 
distressed people. I, as one of the agi^nts apivointint by Nortblk .hily 2IM 
Borough Court, with Mr. Eobert Taylor and Mr t>i>naKi rHmpMI to 
distribute whatever might be sent for tboir roliof» 

I, as the acting person engaged with the baker and butohor to tundnU 
them with provisions, to the order of Mr. Graves* who wai^aldo appoiiUod 
by the said Court as Commissary, to issue provisions from day to tlay hn 
it might be wanted, became in some measure rosponniblo to thorn. 

At the close of the term which we recommended to the Assomblyi an 
we supposed would be sufficient (say the 16th of April,) there was a clo- 
ficiency of funds in my hands to pay up the remaining balance to thai 
time of Fourteen Hundred Dollars; besides Home money borrowed from 
the corporation by Mr. Taylor, which I believe is yet unpaid. 

In consequence, the baker and butcher who furniHhed the provisions, 
instead of the custom being a profitable one, laying oiit of their money 
so long, it has nearly broke them up, as they depend on their labor for 
support. Indeed there is scarcely a day that one or the other does not 
apply to me in consequence of what you told me when you was hem, 
that you would attend to their business on your return to fliohmond, 
and forward the needful down. I heartily wish it may soon arrive, as 
I can assure you from my own knowledge of the merif they are mtieh 
distressed for it. 

I am, Ac, 

Robert Mit(;hkll to the Governor, ^nly l^fsi 

In compliance with your instructions to me f have impress^ the Rock^tts^ 
Sloop Moiley at this place. She is ahont 35 tons burthen, and will carry ^'^^i^ 
^>4) men tor this short and intended voyage. She is the property of 
Cape James Roberts; the master's name is Thomas Graham. I have 
Got pianke from Messrs. Haque k I>ester to make a platform in the hold 
ot the Vessel tor the Soldiers to Lye on ; likewise have procured a l>arge 
Iron Caboose, as that will be much wanted to Cooke in when there will 
b^ -fuch a number of men. 

Ton I please, therefore, to send me instructions in writing confirming 
the ah<jve. The vessel will he out of the Creek by 10 o'clock A. if. and 
ready to iet saiL Give me leave to recommend the troopes Im barking 
at R«}4:keta. that is. if the wind continues as it now blows, as the vessel 
will xet down to the hundred in the night, if the troopes is on board. 
Shti may <;ontinue down, to the contrary if the troops marchingf down 
hv Land to the hundred to Imbark there the vessel will there be detained 
Lti iay-iiji^t. Another reason that the ground is very wet and the 
<l>ieto» and water courses full, which will retard the march of the 

Yonm, Ac. 



1794. John Jeffbrs to the Governor. 

July 2l8t I am this moment informed that the Executive have thought to order 
out ft part of the Militia ot this State for the purpose of enforcing due 
obedience to the laws thereof at or near Smithfield. 

I conceive it my duty as Commanding the Petersburg Light Horse 
to offer the services of said Troop if you think them necessary and shall 
be prepared to March the moment this express returns. 

I am, &c. 

July 22d R. West to the Governor. 

W. Grove I take the liberty to enclose a copy of an Inquisition lately taken at 
the Court House in the County of Fairfax in virtue of my office as 

Upon examination you v^ill discover I apprehend that the Jurors 
found every fact v^hich is necessary to constitute an escheat, and yet 
they ultimately concluded against the Commonwealth. Under these 
circumstances of this case I have supposed it will avail nothing to pro- 
ceed. farther in the investigation of the right the C. W. may have to any 
property in this County. You will particularly oblige me by obtaining 
advice of Council in what manner I ought to proceed. 

The business at Matildanelk will be commenced again immediately, 
with redoubled vigor. I can not inform you of the nature of the im- 
provements. Mr. Greenhof & Nicolson have been up; the latter per- 
fectly enraptured with the place. They have both returned to PhiPa 
after making considerable purchases. Mr. Nicolson bought of R Gra- 
ham Kentucky Land to amount of 25,000£. Greenhof bought Craw- 
fords Lands at G. Falls and various other property I believe to amt. of 
(in compy with Nicolson) to about 79,000£. Among the rest my Po- 
cossen 295 acres at 10£ per acre Virginia currency. Will you be so 
obliging as to inform Mr. L. Smith that he may rest assured of being 
paid 26 Guineas in November ensuing, at which time I shall be in Rich- 

I expect to receive by that time as much cash as will pay every debt 
I owe. Having the means, I shall be promt in that business, and that 
gentleman has been extreamely polite and proper in his communications 
upon that subject, which makes me doubly anxious to stand fair with 

You will never hear, my dear friend, of my losing much money in 
that way again. Will you be so good as to present me, in a proper man- 
ner, to your Lady and children, and believe me to be 

Your &c. 

CAUSSI^JLS or STATE fafek^. iJ3 

voo certftiniy woaiki kaT« r«c\i tkem >re il^ \«i!^iNr\ 

It ^ooM decaia naaeeessarihr ike Getttl«tt;&a wko Kno^ yvHir KmiiW^ |^s£i !i i tl 
to give % detail of t^ siiokUoii ct iW aev*<ottals wtUiia T^Mftr IH^vkH; 
lei it ikereiore salBee to ae^ttw joa tiuLt vkefterer Jttd|»WM«l» ar^ ^ 
tained / which will be attended to with dt:$Mloh^ ibr aar v>l the arrMor^ 
due in joar dbtriet. Ex«CQtioiis will in doe time be R>r«axded to \\m. 


Claiming his right to the Sheriffalty of Madison next to Henry HilK 
and complaining of the action of the Court in omitting to i>H\uumend 

Appointment of Justices for Madison by LieutenanVGovernor Wixnt^ July :^l 
February 12th, 1793: James Barbour, William Walkor» Henry HIIK 
Robert Alcocke, William Chapman, Reuben Fry and Merry Walkor, 

Justices of Madison qualified on tho 23d day of May, 1793. July gad 

Henry Hill commissioned sheriff of Madison, gave Bond A qualiflod July^likl 
May court, 1793. 

At a Court held for the County of Madison at tho house of John Yoa- July 2Hd 
ger, on Thursday, the 25th day of July, 1793: 

Henry Hill, Robert Alcocke, Wm. Chapman, Recommended by the 
Court as fit persons to execute the oflSce of Sheriff. 

At a Court held for Madison County the 26th day of June, 1794: juiy 2Hd 

Henry Hill, Wm. Chapman & Jas. Barbour, Recommended as fit per- 
sons to execute the office of Sheriff. 


1794. Madison County, to-wit : 

July 23d Certificate of Jno. Walker, elk of service of Robert Alcocke for ten 
days as a Justice of the peace, July 11th, 1794. 

July 23d Madison County, to-wit: 

Certificate of Jno. Walker, clerk, as to service of Wm. Chapman as 
Justice of the peace, July 11th, 1794. 

July 23d Madison County, to- wit : 

Certificate of Jno. Walker, clerk, of qualification of Robert Alcocke 
as a magistrate at first court holden for said county, July 19th, 1794. 

July 23d J. Marshall to the Governor. 

Smithfield The troop reached this place yesterday morning, between six & seven 
o'clock. The ship Unicorn (the supposed privateer), was in possession 
of a company of the Isle of Wight Militia, and the revenue cutter lay 
below her with a detachment of militia from Norfolk, commanded by 
Capt. Woodside. 

Every idea of resisting with violence the execution of the laws, seems 
to have been abandoned. Immediately on my arrival, the Marshal made 
a peaceable request on Capt. Sinclair to allow his house to be searched 
for arms supposed to be contained in it, which he did not hesitate to 

The search was made, and thirteen pieces of cannon, with some ball, 
grape shot, and powder was fouxid. There were three pieces lying on 
the shore. A fatigue party is now employed in getting them on board 
the Unicorn, after which the cutter will conduct her to Burmuda hun- 
dred, or to Brodway. I despatched a boat yesterday morning, to stop 
the vessel which was proceeding down James River with the companies 
of artillery & Infantry from Richmond, and directed their return. I 
also ordered Capt. Weisiger to return with the infantry of Prince George, 
but as the marshal entertains some apprehension of an attempt to rescue 
the vessel in the river, I thought it advisable to countermand the orders 
I had given, & direct Capt. Wiesiger to continue his march to this place, 
with a view to his return in the Unicorn. 

The situation both of Major Taylor & of the Marshal has been ardu- 
ous & unpleasant. The Marshal has received personal insult, and seems 
not to have been free from personal danger. Major Taylor has used 
great and proper exertions to complete the business he was upon. He 
at first, experienced great difficulty in procuring aid of any kind, but 
that difficulty is now removed. Since the arrival of distant militia. 


those of the county are as prompt as could be wished in rendering any 1794. 
service required from them. Indeed, I am disposed to believe that the July 23d 
original difficulty rested not with the men. 

The privates (except those residing in Smithfield) have manifested no 
disaffection to the Government, or reluctance to support the laws. But 
of this, & of every circumstance which has occurred. Major Taylor & 
the Marshal have taken memoranda, & an ample report will be made to 
you so soon as they shall return to Petersburg. 

Captain Sinclair declares that he never designed to violate the laws ; 
that the arms found in the house were not intended for the Unicorn, but 
were purchased for a gentleman to the Southward ; that the ball will 
not fit the cannon; and that though she was originally designed for a 
privateer, the intention was changed so soon as the act of Congress pro- 
hibiting vessels to be armed in our ports was known; in proof of which 
be says that a cargo is now engaged for her. These, however, are sub- 
jects proper to be discussed in court. 

I am sorry to say that the Surveyor of the Post, who is considered 
here as the informer, seems to entertain great apprehensions from some 
of those who considered themselves as interested in this business. The 
vessel will, I trust, be ready to sail to-morrow, and I shall then set out 
with the troops for Richmond. 

With very much respect, I am, &c. 

Sam'l Coleman to the Governor. July 24th 

The death of the servant heretofore hired by my father to assist him Richmond 
in keeping the Capitol in order will plead my excuse in seconding his 
request, that you will be so good as to define particularly his duty. 

The resolution of the General Assembly under which the former 
keeper was appointed is in the following words: 

'* Resolved, That the Governor be requested to take under his care 
during the recess of the Assembly the public buildings; that he employ 
some person to take chargo of them, and that he suffer no person to 
live in them, or to use them as stores, except for public property." 

This resolution was entered into the first of January, 1785, and it is 
for your Excellency to say how far it applies to the Capitol and a per- 
son necessarily charged with its care by your appointment. 

I beg leave to remind your Excellency of Mr. Minor's request respect- 
ing the roof of the Capitol, communicated in a former letter, 

And have, &c. 


".JLjJ^LS^iJxl *J' 


^ tfeitf: 



3 jbA- 5jatr ^ 

Mr ILUr Tfa»T 1. 

^iSi^iiiki0t*00t t: AT UAl* iliier- ^ff^!^Cr^ -MiOOL, ^ 


0fiu^ ft Htf jKltfnUsm' ir 


^ T\* ' 

ii;,i»r »nj*. 


M^ f'/M>M«i IlivMMt. <tiia»tot& -^ ^"^tg^^ Bii'vr^fiL s dn* Wrrftitiai. of the 

f^)M>Viiw. AtUi^ ^ tM; 4wl CwMij. B^ v^«Mtt^ aasttij isr ike cmose 

/Mt^M^ M )>* i'l^ *<v iri*k ^jrtjiiej tferfer«ir^ Wlwreopos tfivvn witBanes were 
^v^(»M^, ^^^ffu mA ^i^ZiuuitiM M vill 00 k«4alf <it tiie C<mummi wealth, 
M fAmSA ]^fhSff, %tA b# WM folij iMard bj Clenest Bead Ge&Ueiiian, 
|g»Ni tuiUtfft^ \h ^i« ^k<i^«««r. Oo coAdaderauott whereof it is tiM optnioo 
/^ll^ (/^/Wfl iMTfii^ lliiai tlM{ «aid piiiOBer k goiitj of tlie enme in man* 

I3k£i3BK]UA *¥ ^J.?K ??Lt1'ia&. 411 

qr -au^ Jftpwrn. iwif lar iHia»rc^ ^ a«s:u^ iK.r<iM*ii^ -llu^L*/ .AJKio.fv'^. 

jmtL lA, "iBx -m^tLT^mtmam* ^na » tartxiiu Iimimba^ ^i%»%{m*6 ^i*«yii-. -ka*' -^ 

!rtiiim» Witt -jmt MtansaBt js: r«iBWk aastaaa uma 4i«) hnife^ ^voikk^ ^^.^OkMik 
•Kuraui ifr :xr -im iuhmi ioa vitusi mt 'U%t ^uiiumo. !%^ ^uofe^i^^ >Ma^ 

'tiiws9t MOkL sin: X una ^s^aniiiii^: d rttta nrnwi v?ia 41^ ;tiuumu, ^W i«(b»u. 

ATI Mnuflsmu^ :siiK vai^ aid jmiL im 'Twn\}\tt luUno^. «tHii;t) :>UHm^s ^ii^ 
kin; . laac Ittimau^ iiii^i iUtMRac^ 4^ i%ttm tt Tm^ho: «a»i;a ilvr <«%lMi 4^ 9^il. 
cc Siui^ joiL -suK jtf. ^ait iwiL ITiiAiuwi. luc 4fti>ii«aw :iM^ 4^ ;ii4ii«» 4f^ %<{r 
x»«fiR lim s ^fcatt- iv* met m lumu. nn; :?niftt ;ul)t 7«ii^i«K! ., 4>r ^h^ 4i\f< 4^$^ 

ihtm. 14' lart- iifiBRi fi: -rdaiBes J.xiiktiTSUu^. /ir )J«i A/Us^f^tr ^\^ii$. I^yiti^ 

were wob^ vm* <i a* -txutn a £W4ii>c!bc»rav. 

Moore. JaiD«» M^-«y>. JLrc-iialift^ OwafiKoil vI^"W\ Riisr^^M^ ^^^^^j^^ 

wealth of Vire^iaijL i» iht «a«i of o»»< iIkmhsm^ 4«sJ4*r* ^>i«iv4^, hM ni^v^^ 
repectire goods a^ ciuiiUsK IjAd^ 4i»d k^iw^im^^v^i^ Un W k^XHsi, ^^^ |>s 
the Mud Henry Lee a&d h» j^qcomimi^ ttMT iW W»o %Vl' iI^n ^Ns^^^nhS^ 
wealth rendered, vet apon this cxMidititMi n^^T^rtli^J^MfA, |)miI if |Ih%> «4^^( 
Beaslej Han. Thomas Moore^ Archihald O^iupM), Jaivi<Mk ]il«H\r^ \i\i^ 
ard Boolden, Reuben Trarniim, and WiUiam 8iK»^«^ri^ nk^W m^^ i^^r 
personal appearaoee belore the Di«irict i\Hiri U> 1^ \\^\\\ ^% fht^ i\mi^ 
boase in the Coantj of Prince Bdward, in Sis^pi^mbiH' lit^l t\n \^^ Avwiil 


-Mf ZifCti m/vti^^dk i b^ ^uiuK TWmu* xnrar^ •wmmrnaii m ^wpe^:« o^ £frfl»o- 
>i«»i7 4(«aftm^ P«c«r T-w^ i2bi ^^nnmi ^>ik^±r. '*iLL>rrs& «3C P^^gj 
li/w«iw s £pw: ■afattCflu aa*i !»:<€ -^swr; iaj£ai*« -vrnB^Tic: jc&t^ o^ ih^ s&>i 

wiaJtk m ikt f^aui^ OwrL ^e «ii2%esii^xK v> frasr?* Jum^ Sergeant. 
KeteH fSeriipuAt. Lrrmi^ Tovwml Btsjunfm Li9«^. «>T€r5ieier for Ste- 

i^pkifMC tW priMMKr. 

OHen4, Tbat tW elerk €«nifr U> Hj» Eice l i^agT ik« «jOTenior. that 

TkMUM M^.rtn6, Jr^ b tbe person vIh> apOTe&«»i<«i and ^^eaned in the 

JM fd tfm eoostr. TkofWMi See van. wko apfi^ear? to be an associate 

wHh a eertaiB James Stewart. €€ ib^ State of North CaroHnA. in $teal- 

fii|^ aod taking awaj the two moiatto ehikiren of P^ggy Howell ot the 

Mad Coantj. 

A Copy — ^Teste: 


Jnly2Mt WiLL BoYCB to thb Governor, 


Hnnyefmniy On mj arriiral from Baltimore the 23rd Inst^ I rec'd the pleasing 
newn cf( an armed force having, by jour order, arrested a ship from a 
man whose coodact for some time passed we have too mach reason to 
fear has been repugnant to the proclamation issued by oar dear and 
worthy President, and now an open violation to the laws of the Union. 
I am also informed that Capt. Sinclair denies any hostile Intention in 
mning said Ship. I think it my duty to give every information in my 
power to bring such offenders to condign Punishment. About the 8th 
or 9th Inst. I was in Mr. Jesse HoUingworth's warehouse in Baltimore, 
where I saw Capt. Wm. Gurton (who commanded a schooner belonging 
to Capt. Mallory Todd of Smithfield) receiving a quantity of round shot! 
of various sizes. I observed that it had the appearance of war ; he re- 
plied yes, that it was going to Capt. Sinclair for a Ship he was fitting 
out for a Privateer at Smithfield. Should Capt. Gurton be called on, 
it's probable he will throw some light on the matter that may be of use. 
It's much to be lamented that we have men in high Offices who connive 
at abuses committed before their eyes against the Laws of the Land; 
but none are so blind as those who will not see, and such, I fear, study 
popularity more than the true Interest of their Country. But it's 
plosHing to see that we have characters yet in the State of Yirg'a who 
have not forgotten the Duty they owe to their Country (which they 
learned in their late struggles for American Liberty) and which they 
fail not to manifest in cases of emergency. 


From my very low State of Health I can not expect to survive many 1794. 
years, but while I do live I shall glory in beholding the prosperity of July 25th 
the American Union, & her laws preserved inviolate, indulging the 
pleasing hope that when I am gone the rising Generation will enjoy the 
blessing of Peace. 

With sentiments of the highest esteem, &c. 

Sam'l Coleman to rnB Governor. July 26th 

Soliciting of the Board increased compensation for the Keeper of the Capitol 

Wyatt Coleman to the Governor. July 27th 

Report of the condition of the Capitol and need of repairs. 

Governor Lee to the Secretary op War. July 28th 

It is with real concern I communicate a daring attempt lately made 
at Smithfield to resist the execution of the laws among a people always 
distinguished for the most respectful obedience to legal authority. 
Events of this sort excite universal attention, and I trust will receive 
universal detestation. 

Deeply as I regret this wound to the fair fame of my country, I de- 
rive great satisfaction from my conviction that most of the men engaged 
in this wicked effort, cannot be properly considered citizens of Virginia. 

For the President's information, I have thought proper to enclose 
copies of my letters which relate to the transaction, from which he will 
readily understand, as well the measures adopted as the motions which 
led to their adoption. 

The expenses which have accrued will be brought into account 
against the General Government and transmitted to you for payment, 
which I doubt not will be immediately discharged. 

The zeal, love of order, and determination to support the civil author- 
ity, which animated the militia in every quarter, manifests in the 
strongest colours their sense of the indignity oflPered to their Govern- 
ment, and affords the happiest presage of lasting internal tranquility to 
our Commonwealth. 

The Lieutenant-Colonel commanding of Isle of Wight and a few 

others with him, from every information I have as yet received, must be 

excepted in this just compliment to my fellow-citizens. Their conduct 

will undergo a particular enquiry. 


ve i0f^isfxkq^ -itOK Ipmii. 

^ -w> 

^.#^^AA i. Ht3tsmjtl^ 7> TSB *inlf^ns3*Jm^ 

fitl&^^siHtc ibT'jjux*^ Shooed, ukl *» HfiVii lae Uiuenn. jai ia» ka» priK 

«:k7 v> ^Uarmvtm^ K^umnn, jprnrueri :iy *^mc. W-ssai^eer viu Jus eoaqMaj 

^Ft^^fO^^ ""4 nzarsung^ Cape W-iiaiirtr -? 'Minpan j in im Uakrom 5§ ¥ er\ 

A^#t *iiiivir fMir «a& iniem zfi^irien hw xratsd men. Hjb apprelitfmwan of 
;j^ /«M^t7v>; «i4MiJi tTj U7« arifiea in aofne measvire fimn reports premiGng 
ilk '^tmvUkiMd. aiui f«i»s^^ In x nwimr iAaerrin^ some credit, iho' ncKC 
4r> an t/> r>e UivC4fiu>n J, bat princxpftHj from ihe coidnew ^nd <ipgi«on of 
Capi. Hiiu^UM'Vft dianiSter firooL tiie higk degze« of irriatioo Im iimn> 
^Simi^; and from the ireil known tncnl inml>ilitj of the Cotter ta aHofrd 
•07 ^tUmttmi md in naiie of anaeir Captain Sinclair tieciaxes his peiteet 
mthmimUm to the law<i, and aTen that he had never meditatiBd rBsstance 
Up th^^tn, T}w,ns were, however. »troog circamsstances which mi^t 
fffsuiiiy lOdiK:^ an optnion that vioUnee waa contemplated. The ni^t 
aliUcr th^^ f/nicom waii maze»lf penona were hearl tor a comsiderahie 
Ume loadinf( dre armii in the boiMe of Captain Sinelare. The drawing 
ftf iron ramrofifi, and ramming down the charge were di:»tiBcdy heard. 
Whiffy the nearch wan applied for, which I mentioned in my former letter, 
bn fis^^^t A lint of the armii in hiji possession, and among them were fi^een 
mtmktiUt, Thene were fbond all cbarge«J. The ^^it nation of the house is 
mHih an crimpieteijr to command the Deck of the vesacL I do not think 
. that ofMi hundred men placed in the vessel could have protected her ten 
miniiten frfftn fifteen placed in the boose, and at this time, notwithstand- 
\nf( tbci application to Colonel Wells, and the exertions of Major Taylor 
and the Marnball in 8mithfield, only a guard of six or seven badly armed 
m^n Um\ been raised. 

Cafiiain Htncjlair says that the only resistence he ever contemplated 
was against an unauthorized attempt, which he understood was to be 
miMln to soarck bis house. This may be the fact, but it would scarcely 
soum to bo sf>, since it Was not auknown to bim that the only search 
ever dusigned was under the warrant of a magistrate, which was applied 
foTi but not obtained* This circurostance^ added to the evidence that 

ClOXfOtiT. f»r iTiTT ?>?,*«& 

BBC 1 ms. ivimMid^c >i^ i^lM 

tlio«£:ki h % 
bat I d& 

rr tf fczmikr 

fvc^csmenrr nf ite ttv-: tM^ j i wq. 1»^^ i^ Imt^ 

alij unponod cm Orrkhx. dM» xbem muc^ botMo-. 

It is witb cnsftt T«cnQ 1 XDemkarAz »M6a<«t wbk^ WM ^i^e^f llie ¥ViiK^ 
George Ifl£wiy. Tkt UuMni aIsori taiK^bcii ilie Imi^ TW ^i«Hi]%M^ 
from Prince Geos^ *«:»$ cm boM^ %s»d wm» CH^dered TM!«ib<c to $^ <^ 
above:, or to pennt ainr persiMi iixmm tbe sbore to c^MBue <Nii KmukI Ib^ 
vea&eL A mSitim mui wi»o hmd fa^s^e^ osv jateaipletd to r^Mnu Mk4 <MI 
being bailed by tbe sientiiMsl josA&pied lo ntsb bv bim witbivit nn MH^ 
swer. It wms so ^nirmtir djkrk, tbia ibe pej^Mi coaM ikH W 4i»l4«i- 
gaiahed, and tbe seauiiel at tbe aaae tine pasb«d witb bi$ Ki^vihm anti 
attempted to fire. Tbe raio wbk-b bad falleii fvMtunalely pr^x^nKsi tbi^ 
discbarge of tbe mnskeC bat a dangeroos w\>aiHi wa» re<*^Tt<l (K>m Ib^" 
Bayonet. Dr. Crawford of tbe Riobmond lroop« witb gT>ciat biimanily 
dreaaed bia woands and attended bim tbroiu^ tbe nigbi^ hut coaK) ihH 
procore a probe to ascertain its deptb. 

I will send yoa to-morrow an aoooont of tbe monies expend^ by m# 
on tbe expedition. 

With very much roapoct A oftloom, Jhcu 


The Garrison at thia place is likely to be considerably harrMnod by 
the militia officer in whoae District it stands. Under a proaiimptiofi 
that neither the Gaard, nor artificers, are Exempt by Law fVom atlond^ 
ing his musters, he has enrolled them, and will consequently subjoot 
them to the ineonyenienoe of attending his mostera or bo oonaUlofOtI an 

July SHU^ 



1794. delinquent. It appears to me, that the Laws of 92 & 93 respecting the 

July 28Ui militia expressly consider the Guard at this place as Militia in actual 

service, and consequently, whilst in that service exempt from all other 

military duty. The artificers I consider as very differently situated, & 

for their Exemptions must wait your interposition. 

Under the Idea that your Honorable Board will be struck with the 
impropriety of the Public artists, who are employed on yearly wages, 
being interrupted in their Labors by the necessary calls of the militia, 
I shall disregard all militia summons until I can receive your instruc- 
tions respecting both descriptions of persons at this place. 

My Letter respeoting the purchase of musket Locks have been sub> 
roitted to the Board, and until I can know their decision, I shall feel 
myself somewhat at a loss how to act. 

I have, &c. 

July 28th Application of Rich'd Morritt and other artisans at Point of Fork to 
be allowed Eations for their wives. 

July 28th Memorandum for the Governor by R. Quarlbs. 

Wants instructions as to Musket Locks and whether the artizans 
shall draw rations for their wives. 

July 29th John Bbckley to the Governor. 

Clerk's office ^^ obedience to an order of the House of Representatives, I have the 

of House of honor to enclose here with three copies of the journal ot their proceed- 
Representa- r v r 

tives of ings during the late session of Congress, one for the use of the Supreme 

^tetfl^ Executive, and one for the use of each branch of the Legislature of the 
State over which you preside. 

With great consideration, I am, &c. 

July 29th Thomas Walker to the Governor. 

Princess I have the honor to enclose your Excellency recommendations of the 

Anne county QQm.|. qI Princess Anne of officers to fill up the vacancies that have 

taken place in the militia since their last recommendations. I also take 

the liberty of enclosing you a return ot the 20th Regiment in order to 

show you how deficient that regiment is in arms and accoutrements. 

This deficiency added to the obvious necessity of our being well 


armed (being a frontier county and unprotected on our extensive sea- 1794. 
coast, which renders us too subject to the incursions and depredations July 29th 
of any piratical privateer that may choose to invade us), induces roe to 
request the Executive to furnish said regiment with 300 stand of good 
muskets and as good accoutrements as can be conveniently spared from 
the public magazines. 

Your Excellency will also permit me to remind you of our perilous 
situation, not only from our being vastly accessible on our sea and bay 
shores, but if Norfolk should be invaded, we should in all probability be 
the first people directed to its protection from our proximity to that 
place ; and unless we are well armed, we can neither defend ourselves at 
home nor lend our aid to our neighbors at Norfolk. These considera- 
tions as well as some others, such as insurrection, &c., I hope will in- 
duce the Executive to grant us the arms and accoutrements necessary 
for our defence. If we should bo indulged with them, I should be glad 
to get them as soon as convenient. 

I have, &c. 

H. Knox, Sbc'y of War, to the Governor. JalySOth 

I have received your Excellency's letter of the 22nd instant. The War 
sum destined for the fortifications of Norfolk, exclusively of the Artil- I^^P^rtm®'^'^ 
lery but including the purchase of necessary grounds, amounts to Six 
thousand seven hundred and thirty-seven dollars and fifly-two cents, 
which would appear by Mr. Rivardi's representations to be sufficient, 
provided the grounds shall not cost much. 

The money will be furnished by the Treasury as fast as it shall be re- 
quired. I have requested the Secretary of the Treasury to enter into 
immediate arrangements for purchasing the grounds, which shall be re- 
ported by the Engineers as indispensible; and I have also written to 
the Engineers to make the report immediately. 

I hope the outrage you mention will have been repressed by your 
laudable decision. An open and violent resistance to the laws has taken 
place in the western part of this State, which, while it will exercise the 
Government, it is to be hoped may bo terminated without establishing 
any pernicious consequence. 

I have the honor, &c. 

Samuel Coleman to ^^^g jg^ 

Directed by the Executive, I have the honor to acknowledge the re- Richmond 
ceipt of your letter of the 19th ultimo, covering returns of the BattaUions 
composing the Regiment of Militia under your command. I enclose for 


1794. the information of the Officers of your Regitnei^t, in bdbttf of th^ Ad- 
Aug. Ist. jutant Greneral, blank returns, as forms which ai^ her^fter to govern, 
and the course of these returns, according to MiKtary usage, will be 
from the Captains to the Majors, from the Majors to the Commandants 
of Eegiments, who will please to make their Regimental returns to the 
Brigadier Generals, or their Brigade Inspectors, #ho will respectively 
make their Brigade returns to the Major Generals of their Divisions, 
who will direct their Division returns to be made to the Adjutant Gen'i 
or his Representative at the seat of Government. 

At present, Mr. Morgan, the Adjutant General, has no representative 
at this place, but the business which of right belongs to his office neces- 
sarily done here, has been executed by me. 

Permit me, sir, as an individual to use this opportunity of paying^ that 
tribute of thanks which are so justly due to you, for your patriotic exer- 
tions in the late fireneral Legislature, and to assure • you, sir, that the 
perfect establishment of your health, by which you will be eaabled with 
more vigor to preserve your country's best interest, will afford the 
highest satisfaction to, sir. 

Your, &c. 

1 - 

Aug. 2d John Hague, Robert Allyn and John L:?9tpr to Jambs Wqo^ 


Richmond ^H complyance with your request that we :Bhoul4 ascei^t^i^ tj^e, value 
of the service rendered by sundry vessels. liptrau^pprting th^ Militia 
from this place to Smithfield, by order of.^h^. JBSpc^CHtive, are. unani- 
mously of the opinion that the value pf tfhf Slo<>p> .Molley : BurtheUi 
29 63-95 Tons, with Master and three hand^, is 30s, per dfiy, 

The Schooner two Sisters, Master and one han()/ bi|rthen,'jt6;l^ons^ 
16s. 2d. per day. . ; ... : :.: 

The Schooner Active, Burthen, 21 25-95 Toi>s,;Sk:ippQr A<|9i[p bapds, 
^Is. 3(i per day. ., 

Proclamation by the Lieutenant-Governor of the Commpn wealth of 

irginia : 

Whereas, I have received information that a pestilentious or conta- 
geous disease prevails in the West Indies, and it is probable that the 
same may be brought into this Commonwealth by vessels arriving from 
the port of New Orleans on the Mississippi, or from the ports situated 
on the Spanish Main. For prevention of so great an evil, I have 
thought fit by and with the advice of Council to call upon the respective 
Superintendants of Quarantine at the several ports of entry and delivery 
in this State to be pas'ticularly vigilant and attentive to the daties of 
their Office in this time of danger; taking care to demand of all Masters 


of veeiels coming fVom the West Indies, or any of the aforementioned 1794. 
places, before they enter port a declaration, according to law, as to their ^^- -^ 
health, &c., &c., and if, apon examination, it shall appear that any vessel 
OQght to perform Quarantine, the said Superintendants will immediately 
order such vessel to make her Quarantine at the anchorage ground off 
Crany Island, near the month of Elizabeth river, for the space of twenty 

And I do hereby strictly enjoin and require, that until such vessel 
shall be discharged from such quarantine, all persons coming, or goods 
imported in such vessel, come not on shore, or go on board any other 
vessel, or be landed or put into any other ship, vessel or boat, in any 
place within this Commonwealth. And also, that no person go on 
board any vessel ordered to perform quarantine, without license first 
had and obtained in writing under the hand of Thomas Newton, Jun'r, 
Eeq'r, of the borough of Norfolk, who is hereby authorized and ap- 
pointed to see such quarantine performed. And all pilots are hereby 
desired to give notice to the before mentioned superintendents of the ar- 
rival of all vessels from the West Indies or any of the aforesaid places, 
in order that they may be duly examined. 

Given under my hand as Lieutenat-Governor, in the absence of the 
Governor, and under the seal of the Commonwealth, at Bichmond, this 
2d day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety-four. 


At a court hold for New Kent county the 2nd day of August, 1794, Aug. 2d 
for the examination of Ben, a negro man slave, said to be the property 
of Mary Wilsford, on suspicion of Felony and Burglary : 

The said Ben was brought to the bar in custody of the Sheriff, and 
John Dandridge, prosecutor for the Commonwealth, exhibited the fol- 
lowing indictment against him: 

That Ben, a negro man slave, the property of Mary Wilsford, on the 
21st day of June, 1794, feloniously and burglariously did break into the 
mansion-house of Sarah Staughter, in the county aforesaid, and did then 
and there feloniously take and carry away forty pounds weight of ba- 
con^ one pound of butter, one pair of linen trowsers and one tin measure, 
of the value of 40s. current money. 

Whereupon it was demanded of the said Ben whether he was thereof 
guilty. He said he was in nowise thereof guilty: Thereupon the court 
proceeded to examine the witnesses, and the prisoner was heard in his 
own defence; on consideration whereof^ it is the opinion of the court 
that the said Ben is guilty of the felony and burglary in the indictment 
mentioned, and that for such, his offence, he be executed on Friday,, the 
5th day of September next. 


1794, The naid Ben 10 yalaed by the eoart at the price of one hundred 

Ao^ 2d poandSy and the said Ben is by the unanimous voice of the Court recom- 
mended to his ExcelleDCj, the Governor, as an object of mercy. 

A copy — Teste: 


Aug. 4th H. Knox to the Governor. 

War Tour favor of the 28th of July was duly received, containing an 

Department account of the wise and vigorous measures which you directed to sup- 
press the illicit Privateer which was fitting out at Smithfield. The 
President receives with great satisfaction this information, and he has 
directed me to express the same to your Excellency. 

I am, &c. 

Aug. 4th Major G. K. Taylor's Report to the Governor. 

Petersburg Having at length accomplished the object of my mission to Smith- 
field, 1 do myself the honor of detailing to you the circumstances which 
occurred to the Marshal and myself during our stay in that place. 

In obedience to your orders, dated the seventeenth day of last month, 
I set out for Smithfield with the marshal, and arrived at that place on 
the nineteenth. The first object after our arrival, was to ascertain from 
some person in whose information we might confide, the situation of the 
s^ip, and the problibility of Captain Sinclair's resisting the Marshal in 
the execution of his duty. For this purpose (as it was deemed prudent 
that the Mi^^hal should not at once appear in public, lest it might excite 
an alarm and put Sinclair on his guard), I waited on Mr. Copeland 
Parker, the Surveyor of that port, who alledged that the ship was equip- 
ping fbr the purpose of privateering, and informed me that firom the 
bold and enterpriiing disposition of Sinclair, as well as from the ex- 
penoe ho had incurred, a passive relinquishment of the object was 
scarcely to be expected. On this account, it was deemed expedient 
forthwith to deliver your letter to the commandant of Isle of Wight 

I waited on that gentleman with the letter on the same day at 10 
o^lock in the morning, and required him to furnish a Captain's guard 
by six oVlock in the afternoon ; at which time it had been concerted 
Ibat the Marshal should lake possession of the ship. The letter he re- 
c«iv«d with a coolness boitlering on indiflforenoe, and, after some short 


time, said that he would give the necessary orders to Major Benn, who 1794. 
resided three or four miles from Smithfield, but feared it would be im- Aug. 4th 
possible to furnish the men by the time appointed; and, at length, de- 
clared that as his boy was out of the way, he did not know how to con- 
trive his order to the Major. Although I conceived it to be rather his 
duty than mine to convey his commands to his inferior officer, yet that 
the business might not languish from a cause so easy to be removed, I 
undertook to forward his letter, and accordingly dispatched a messenger 
with it to the Major. 

In this situation matters remained til about two o'clock, at which 
time no Militia man had appeared, and no answer had been obtained 
from the Major. In the mean time, I had understood that this Officer 
did not command the Battallion of which Smithfield and its neighbor- 
hood constituted a part, and reflecting that orders transmitted from the 
Colonel to his Major, and from the Major reverberated to some distant 
Captain, would not be complied with in due season, and expecting that 
Sinclair had by some means been apprized of the arrival of the Marshal, 
he might, unless the ship was seized that evening, carry her out of our 
reach before the next morning. I supposed it necessary to be explicit 
with the Colonel, and therefore wrote him a letter of which a copy ac- 
companied this marked (A). This letter the Marshal was so obliging 
as to deliver himself; and shortly afterwards the Colonel visited me in 
great wrath, and delivered me in person the laconic answer, marked 
(B), at the same time informing me that he had, in consequence of my 
letter, ordered Lieutenant Johnson of the Militia from Smithfield and 
its immediate neighborhood, to summon his company to our aid. Ac- 
cordingly, about four o'clock in the afternoon. Lieutenant Johnson ap- 
peared, and with great assiduity applied himself to summoning the in- 
habitants of Smithfield, and I wish that an adherence to truth would 
permit me declare that their alacrity in performing their duty was 
seconded by his industry. So far, however, was this from being the 
case, that at six o'clock, the hour appointed by the Marshal for seizing 
the ship, he mustered only two men armed with indifferent fowling 
pieces, & eight or ten others perfectly unarmed. 

At the head of this band, I advanced armed with a pair Df pistols and 
followed by the Colonel unarmed to the relief of the Marshal, who had 
according to agreement, precisely at six o'clock, taken possession of the 
Ship, arrested Captain Sinclair, and ordered him and the workmen from 
on board her. Those, on my nearer approach I found highly exasperated, 
standing on the wharf to which the Ship was bound, and notwithstand- 
ing the appearance of our detachment, & of its Colonel who followed it, 
threatening to cast the Marshal overboard if Captain Sinclair would 
only give the word. The Captain himself entered into a warm alterca- 
tion with the Marshal, and declared that on the succeeding Monday 
morning his workmen should resume their occupations on board the 

Ship. At length, he retired and bis men followed the example, after 



1794. having indulged themselves with attering a profusion of menaces and 
Aug. 4th abuse. 

Situated as we were, we thought it advisable to endeavor to obtain 
arms for those men on board the Ship who had them not, and for this 
purpose, the Marshal and Lieutenant Johnson went about to different 
stores and houses in the town, leaving the Ship and guard in my charge. 
After the most strenuous exertions, they obtained an addition of five or 
six guns, so that at ten o'clock at night we mustered seven or eight 
men in arms. 

During the greater part of this night we plainly perceived sentinels 
armed, stationed on the bluff which commanded the Ship and observing 
all our motions and operations. As from this circumstance, from the 
gestures and menaces of the workmen, and from our own weakness, we 
supposed it not impossible that an attempt might be made during the 
night to resume possession of the Ship, and as we understood that the 
Colonel was in habits of great intimacy with Captain Sinclair, we de- 
termined to keep him on board all night, supposing that as during the 
darkness which there prevailed he would be equally exposed with any 
other person on board, to the mischiefs, which must have ensued in 
case of attack. Affection for him might prevent them from doing what 
we feared respect for the laws would not deter them from attempting. 

As Captain Sinclair had, as I understood, before refused to permit his 
lumber houses to be searched, the Marshal had, during his absence in 
pursuit of arms, applied to a Magistrate of the County for a warrant to 
search those houses for the apparel, ammunition and arms, which be bad 
every reason to suppose to be there stored. This the gentleman to 
whom he applied, from an excess of caution and a fear of transcending 
the bounds of his duty, declined to give. The idea of a search, there- 
fore, was for the present abandoned. But Captain Sinclair having, by 
means which we can only suspect, been apprized of the application, 
came in great wrath about half-past ten o'clock at night alongside of 
the Ship, attended by a certain William Malcolm, informed the Mar- 
shal that he had heard of his having applied for the warrant, and said 
that he would repel any attempt to search his houses by force, and that 
he would kill the first man who should approach them ; at the same 
time declaring that he could raise fifty men sooner than we could. 
While he was thus haranguing, his companion, who was armed with a 
sword, and as we afterwards found with a pistol, exercised the former 
weapon in a very outrageous manner, and contrived by accident, wo 
presume, to prick one of our guards with it. The man, irritated at the 
assault, would immediately have shot him dead, if he had not been pre- 
vented by the Marshal, who at the same time endeavoured to wrest 
Malcolm's sword from his hand. This he effected with the assistance 
of the Colonel, who, to my utter astonishment, immediately after de- 
clared tbat the Bword was his, To have seen the Commandant of the 


County during all the former part of the night, amidst the confusion 1794. 
and uproar of the scene, tranquil and unarmed, appeared curious, to Aug. 4th 
have afterwards found his sword in the hands of one of our bitterest 
foes roused sensations, and suspicions which may be easily imagined, but 
which, as they may possibly be groundless, I shall not detail. 

Malcolm, when disarmed of the sword, retired from the side of the 
Ship, and then displaying his pistol to our view, declared, with much 
heroism, that he would discharge two balls through the head of any 
person who should attempt to obtain possession of that weapon. We 
afterwards understood that while the Marshal was attempting to take 
the sword from him, he elevated bis pistol either against him or the 
man whom he had previously wounded ; and I can not but conceive it 
to have been a fortunate circumstance that this manoeuvre was not gen- 
erally seen, as I certainly should have thought it a justifiable deed, in 
protection and defence of the Marshal, to have deprived Malcolm of his 
existence. Having been able, after so long a warning, to obtain seven 
or eight armed men, and having been subjected to so many indignities, 
seeing plainly from the deck of the ship that the loft of one of Sin- 
clair's warehouses, within fifty yards of us, contained a number of armed 
men, who from a door on the side next to the ship observed whatever 
we transacted on board. Knowing, too, that the force furnished us by 
the Colonel was inadequate to repel invasion, and suspecting that his 
future exertions would keep pace with his former, we abandoned all 
idea of succour from Isle of Wight County, and determined to seek it 
elsewhere. For this purpose, the Marshal wrote to the Collector of 
Norfolk, requesting that the Revenue Cutter be sent up to him, and I 
conceived myself warranted by the circumstances of the case, in re- 
questing General Mathews for a detachment of men from that place. 
These letters were written about half-past ten o'clock at night, and an 
express was immediately dispatched with them, We then wrote you 
an account of what we had done, after which we returned to the ship 
and remained on board her during the night without closing our eyes. 

The next morning as the Marshal remonstrated against the sufficiency 
of the guard I determined to make another effort on the Colonel, and 
pressed him for more armed men, and his exertions this day produced 
twenty-four armed men, who guarded the ship the ensuing night. 

This day likewise, to my great surprise, I learned that the day be- 
fore, when I delivered your letter to the Colonel and required from 
him the guard of the Ship, a Captain Young's Company mustered within 
three miles of Smithfield ; that of this Company eighty men were pres- 
ent, thirty of whom were armed, and that the muster was matter of 
notoriety, as a barbecue was that day given to the men. 

At dinner we were insulted by the conversation of the same Mr. Mal- 
comb, who had behaved so indecently the preceding evening. . He de- 
clared that he could raise fifteen men who should drive all the militia 


1794. that could be raised in a fortnight; that he would retake the ship, if 
Aug. 4th ordered, and that he would kill two men before he quitted the town — 
immediately after naming Mr. Copcland Parker as one of them, and 
plainly intimating that the Marshal was the other. As our business in 
Smithfield was of a public nature, we thought ourselves under no neces- 
sity of resenting the expressions of an individual, nor at any time should 
we have dignified with resentment such a character as Malcomb's. But 
Lieutenant Johnson, who was at dinner with us, could not so easily 
brook this behaviour. A quarrel ensued between him and Malcomb. 
He drew a pistol — Malcolm a case knife; and these weapons were flour- 
ished on either side over the heads of the Marshal and myself who sat 
between them at dinner. As it was impossible to continue that meal 
during such a scene, we arose and prevailed on Johnson (who bad now 
put away his pistol, and brandished another knife in order to fight his 
antagonist on more equal terms,) to give over the idea of a personal 
contest. Soon after, the Marshal, with my advice and concurrence, 
swore the peace against Malcomb as a wretch from whom he was in 
danger of assassination : in consequence of which, he was that night 
arrested ; when the Colo, and another person, whose name I do not now 
recollect, became securities for his good behaviour. 

As in the course of this day an attempt had been made by two of 
Sinclair's men to take away a batteau, which we had found near the 
ship when she was first taken, which attempt I was con trained to repel 
by force, and as we supposed that similar attempts might be renewed 
during the night, and that Sinclair might the next morning endeavor to 
carry into effect his threat of the preceding evening, that his workmen 
should resume their operations on Monday morning, we determined to 
place centinels near his lumber-houses, who might at once guard the 
articles on the Strand, prevent others from being conveyed from the 
houses, and alarm the men on board in case of the approach of an armed 
party. At the same time, we gave express orders to the officer who 
commanded, that no person should be permitted to approach the ship 
on the strand who could not give the countersign. The first man sta- 
tioned near one of the houses informed us, that immediately after he 
was placed there, he distinctly hoard the people in the lofl load a num- 
ber of muskets. Hence it would appear that they apprehended an 
attack during the night, and meditated a vigorous opposition. 

On Monday morning at nine o'clock, our express from Norfolk re- 
turned, bringing a letter from the Collector to the Marshal, and another 
from General Mathews to myself. These letters informed us that the 
cutter was ordered to Smithfield, and that the General had j)ut on board 
her a Subaltern and twenty-five men, who were to be subject to my 
orders. About half-past ten. Lieutenant Lurtie of the cutter, and Lieu- 
tenant Woodside, who commanded the Norfolk detachment, arrived, 
having landed some distance below the town, and the cutter with the 
[ rest of the men came up the same afternoon. 


About twelve o'clock we went on board tbe ship, where we found the 1794. 
Colo, commanding in person, and where we likewise found the same Mr. Aug. 4th 
Maicomb, who had before treated us so cavalierly. This incorrigable, 
audacious man, altho' so recently bound to good behaviour, could not 
refrain, even in the presence of his security, from insulting the Marshal 
by his gestures tho' he had the prudence to restrain his tongue. At the 
same time, one of those carpenters who had threatened to throw us 
overboard appeared on the deck of the ship, and in an insolent manner 
demanded his tools. Insulted thus in the very place where a guard was 
stationed to protect him, the Marshal remonstrated to me on the subject, 
and Mr. Maicomb and the carpenter were ordered to depart. 

Instead of seconding these orders, the Col. entered into a justification 
of Mr. Malcomb's conduct, observing that he had given security to be 
of good behavior, and therefore had as much right on board the ship as 
any other person. This produced an altercation between the Marshall 
and the Col., in which the former in terms by no means equivocal, ex- 
pressed to the latter his disapprobation of his becoming Malcomb's se- 
curity, and the evident conclusions which he drew from their great 

The Marshall's remonstrance was afterwards, at my request, put on 
paper, and will be found in the papers annexed marked C. In conse- 
quence of the remonstrance, and what I had myself observed, orders 
were given that no person except the Marshall, the Col., myself, and the 
guard on duty should come on board without a passport signed by the 
Marshall and myself. 

This day, in a letter to Col. Wells, I suggested to him that on my first 
arrival I had demanded a Captain's guard, and requested that when it 
should be complete he would be pleased to inform me of the circum- 
stance. To this letter I received no answer, nor did the Col. during my 
stay in Smithfield inform me that be had fully complied with the requi- 

Between four and five this afternoon, an ensign and four mounted 
infantry of Captain Weisiger's company arrived. Their arrival, and 
the idea that they were the van of a more formidable party, evidently 
communicated an alarm and panic to Captain Sinclair's party. One of 
the carpenters in particular, whose courage had been excited, and his 
wrath inflamed when the ship was first seized, now with every symptom 
of consternation and affright, solicited and obtained the indemnity and 
protection of the Marshall. 

As I supposed that the feelings of the militia of Isle of Wight county 
were galled at the sight of soldiers coming from a distance to do what 
they were competent and had been first called on to perform, I deter- 
mined by no means to increase the irritation. In my orders therefore 
to Lieutenant Woodside of the Norfolk, and Ensign Harrison of the 
Prince G^eorge militia, I directed them to consider themselves as under 
the command of Col. Wells, to whose countymen too, now become jeal- 



1794. 0U8 of their reputation, I continued to entrust the care of the ship. 
Aug. 4th The Col. lilsewise beginning to discover that his want of alacrity in the 
beginning might furnish cause for censure on his conduct, became now 
extremely alert, and declared that this night he would command the 
guard in person ; a disposition which I by no means endeavoured to 
restrain or repress. 

At about ten o'clock this night, I received your letter by express; 
informing me of General Marshall's approach, and the next morning, 
(Tuesday) the General arrived at the head of the Richmond Cavalry. 
On his arrival, every trace of opposition vanished, and some of the 
most violent and turbulent of our opponents were no more seen; par- 
ticularly the Mr. Malcomb, of whom mention has been so often made, 
and a Captain Blaney, who had before been extremely active in attempt- 
ing to irritate the minds of the people against the Marshall. From 
this time, by the politeness of the General, and the attention of a 
few of the towns people, friends of order and of government, our time 
glided away with a serenity proportionate to the turbulence we had 
before experienced. 

The Marshal this day waited on Captain Sinclair, and demanded the 
keys of his lumber-houses. These the Captain offered immediately to 
surrender, observing that he would have given them up before, if the 
application had been more properly and more civilly made. 

The keys were taken and search was made, when a number of sails, 
and a quantity of other materials for rigging ships, with sixteen pieces 
of iron cannon, fourteen or fifteen muskets, and a number of four pound 
and grape shot, and about fifteen hundred pounds of powder were found. 
Of the muskets several were loaded, and some cocked when they were 

The Militia of Isle of Wight County on duty, began this day to com- 
plain that while the Militia from distant parts remained idle, the labor- 
ious part of the duty was conferred on them. In order to efface these 
impressions, General Marshall directed that the Richmond Cavalry 
should the next morning compose a fatigue party, for the purpose of 
carrying on board the ship, the various articles prepared for her equip- 
ment, a duty in high degree laborious, but which I take pleasure in de- 
claring, was executed with the utmost alacrity and cheerfulness. In- 
deed, the whole conduct of this corps while at Smithfield, was such as 
to inspire all who saw them with a respect for their discipline, and an 
admiration of their subordination. By their exertion, all the articles 
were put on board except the gun powder, which it was thought unsafe 
to ship until the moment before our departure. 

On Wednesday morning about 10 o'clock, Captain Weisiger's Com- 
pany of light infantry arrived, and being designed by the General to 
guard the Ship up the river, they were the same evening sent on board 
her. From this time, they exclusively guarded the Ship, and Col. 
Wells ceased to be goaded by my importunities & requisitions. 


On Thandmy, the gan-powder was embarked^ and the Ship warped 17M. 
into the stream. As Sinclair had the day before gone down in a boat Aug. 4th 
to Norfolk, and a current report preiraiied that he intended to raise a 
body sufficient to retake his Ship, positive orders were given to the in- 
fantry to saffer no person during the night to come on board who could 
not give the counter-sign ; an order which was so punctually observed, 
a^ to be neariy &tal to one of the men ! For he having either never re- 
oeived the word, or having forgotten it, retired from the Ship at a time 
when neither of the centinels on duty observed him. On his return, 
just as he was attempting to get on board, he was observed, stopped and 
challenged. Being unable to give the word, he still endeavored to rush 
on board, from a supposition that he was known and would be per- 
mitted to pass ; but was stopped by the bayonet of the centinel which 
severely wounded him in the lefl breast near the shoulder. The depth 
and danger of the wound compelled us to leave the man in Smithfield 
under the care of a physician whom I employed to attend him. 

On Friday morning, General Marshall with the Richmond Cavalry, 
departed from Smithfield, and the same day we weighed anchor with 
the design of getting out of the Pagan Creek. This we accomplished 
the succeeding Sunday, afler a vast deal of trouble and labor, and the 
same day began our voyage up the river to Bermuda Hundred, where 
•we arrived on the succeeding Friday morning. 

I should be wanting in justice to Captain Weisiger^s Company, if I 
did not, in the warmest manner, mention to you the patience and alac- 
rity with which they encountered the daily fatigues which they experi- 
enced. It is paying them no compliment to declare that without their 
aid the Ship could scarcely have been got out of the Creek, as by their 
exertions they frequently dragged her through beds of mud, in which 
she otherwise would have stuck. 

Lieutenant Johnson's conduct was such as to entitle him to our ap- 

Thus, Sir, I have finished a detail, which, 1 fear, is in many instances 
unnecessarily prolix and minute. 1 have been the more circumstantial 
in my narrative, because it is obvious to everybody that a want of en- 
ergy somewhere existed; and because I wished a full and fair relation 
of facts to attach the blame to the proper object. 

I have, &c, 
P. S. In justice to Colonel Welh, I refer you to a certificate which 
he delivered to me before my departure from Smithfield, and which you 
will find enclosed marked (D). 


The present call for the militia is so urgent and the directions of 
the Governor so explicit, that every possible exertion ought to be made 
to furnish the required number of men this evening. At the same time 

m^ e^tUtNd.tft rj9 "tr^TK P-.^8B& 


V994. n^ fisftH. y«^ if|n«>raiiC ^!MtlKtr ska Lmttrnecioii* fos. iupra^ iarafl^ q» joor 

.4»H|i, #h JIlfi^Af hfi^iN^ m«i(h«d iuft ruuuin: joii direfaec I onffeiaauid ciwfi t;kft isi^ 

riii <>^ thM fAwn avui iOt inwuniiacft oeti^UMrtinfiit jua ooi; oniiffiF iii» com- 

fttnucM Chems^HV) jn macs«r» acvi. I tuivii gd 'iemm chac jna will uKae- 

(^m. w^ kv iifiM94% ckem rn^ft^f chin ^ff^^nim^ ca caicft p onaMoio a o^ «id 
(^fMin^ tlw^ .^Hi^ CiiusfMm.^ Tlift ra«»>a ^ cki» rafyuncuML will be obvioos 
t^ ffM ^iMM /4ICI r«4ieec (iittt i;t will iis wn^iam oar cii* W'iwhul u> aerre 

G- K- TAY1X)R. 

Mr. lujVff, 

Hfmf iffflffrmMiion rtfsft^nf; like ouiitxa of %hm town hoc under 
it^ (sfprnnrntitd fA J^wj/m Benii^ fi4 2d fWntaJlioo, i* a lie.* 


*N. B. — (>>lo. Willii AfterwAftli expUuood the He as appljrlDg to the 
MM wbo ipii^o Uie foforfnatiofiy and not to mjrselt 

Ii^ar Hlf J 

Ufirm refmirifig mi (loard tbe Bbip Unicom, at or about one o'clock 

\Au\%y^ %\X^xm\^\ by yotimelf, finding appearances unfavorable to mj 

pur|Km«, I instantly mentioned tbe same. Ton will be pleased tbere- 

lofn Ui rf^^ard tbe following particulars as matters of complaint sub- 

mlit(*d Uy your oonsideration^ to-wit: 

A funeral dlMorder on board, inasmucb as to bave received insult from 

WlllUm Walciomb, wbom I now pointedly forbid to be present on board, 

so long as thn Pinld Hhip ihall remain subject to my orders, and from tbe 

adfllilonal ulroumstanoos, not only of having been applied to whilst on 

boardi In an Innoloni manner by a man (one of tbe five whom I found 

Oh Imsrd on the Instant of arrest, and whoso name is yet unknown to 

m^^ for his IooIn, hut becauno there wore many other men on board, not 

belonging to the guard, whose dispositiouH I am entirely ignorant of, and 

Anally heeaune IVom the apparent good understanding of Col. Wells and 

WllllAin Maloomb. t am diffident what may ensue from a continuance of 

sut^h oontlunt, 

I am, &o., 

n. M. RANDOLPH, Marshal. 
»mtUiA«ad| ttondtt^i aUt July» % oolock P. M., 17M. 

CAXSafOiAT: f>^ ^T^Tr 't^AlsVt^v ^- 

1 -^^ 

ci. a; l*Mikmaaii'i^ Ferry. Ai tm mcMiU. a: iHinyHi <>wy< ^vi tt^o Vaysnyi 
smhik, li 1^ our wwl liu.: ^rane o: out Hr^HhTMHi n. W>irHt^M> t\N>iY)t\ 

CountT. Pimy come dcmx: u> tbe iB^(4i«^: miwi hiSihj^^^Yno t>tWr Tt^lln 

1 11m, x^\ 

JoHy Tatwih to Tin: i^vimv^i^. \^^i, ^Y^ 

Taxes in Brigmde District <rf which !>at wk w |M^ii . 

CerdficAt* «c<^mpAnying %t<>hn T\vW*n <i^!!tn-. 

We do hereby certify that w« hlivt^ long ht^W ^t^WiiWWM \\\\\s \\\\^, 
and do recommend him as a man w^U qnnUrtiMl lUv ihili iMInlnt^Hd. 

Charles Foster, CapU Jim. Mni*HH» 

Geo. Penn, CoI.-Comd*t, ii)\\\\ Uivhl, Pripf. 

* ■■! 

Dabney Minor to rnn Iwiit/tH!i/i!it MMt»ifN«*HH. 411^ i)(j 

I have recei red a leit Iff ff cm ih# (Hfftk fft Ihh HHhhhii f'ht^hhi^iiHif | tMiiuniui 

would adTine tb« mimi pfffhuhUt f^M ^4 ptmfmii^Hft ih^fittfrtUii hhfH ihHk 



1794. ing and the expence thereof. The principal leaks are in the roof, occas- 
Aug. 7th sioned by the lead slipping down, so as to leave the plank bear for sev- 
eral inches. These leaks may be prevented, either by plank or Shingles, 
or by slips of lead put into those defects, which could be considered as 
nothing more than temporary repairs. 

The most dangerous leaks are in the Gutters, owing in ray opinion, to 
their not having fall enough, and which can not be prevented, but by 
relaying the Gutters and giving them more fall. I do conceive very 
Great Danger is to be apprehended from the leaks in the Gutters, as very 
little air can get to those timbers which are immediately under the 
Gutters, & which support the whole roof 

As to the expence attending it, I can form no opinion, it being out of 
my line of business altogether. I wish some of the Council could view 
thereof with me, and give their opinion thereon & I will endeavor to 
have the business executed on the most frugal plan. 

Having had the misfortune to cut my thutnb, am deprived ot the use 
of it at present and am obliged to write with my fingers. I fear it is 
hardly intelligible. 

I am, &o. 

Aug. 7th Thos. Newton to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Norfolk I received your favor of the 4th with the proclamation, and am ap- 

prehensive it does not go far enough, as the expressions seem confined 
to the Ports of New Orleans, or those situated on the Spanish Main. 
From these places there is little danger, as we seldom have vessels from 
them, but from the West India Islands we have great intercourse, and 
from accounts brought they already have violent diseases raging. It 
appears a great doubt whether I have it in my power to compel any 
vessels but from New Orleans and the ports of the Spanish Main to per- 
form a quarantine. I shall be much obliged for an explanation, or prob- 
ably there may be an omission in the proclamation I have received. I 
beg leave to suggest that all pilots should be directed to bring vessels 
too below Fort Nelson, and report, that an examination by a health 
officer may take place before they are allowed to come up to the towns 
of Norfolk or Portsmouth. This mode is pursued the northward and 
southward of us, and report made by the health officer of the state of 
the crews, to prevent uneasiness in the Inhabitants. The expence at- 
tending this would be small, and I believe give general satisfaction. I 
have directed 50 copies of the proclamation to be struck, to give the 
pilots. Yesterday a vessel arrived from Barbados, which brings an 
account of the action of the French and British fleets. The latter 
claim a victory, having taken five and sunk three. This, I hear, is Lt. 
k Howe's official account, but I still hope it is not right yet. 


French Privateers arrived this morning from Charles Town, S. C. I 1794. 
have heard reports that some French men of war are off, hut believe it Aag. 7th 
is without foundation. There are five British ships of war in our bay ; 
one 50, three frigates, and a sloop of war. Their intentions I know not. 
Accounts by a vessel arrived yesterday are that the French stand their 
ground in Gaudalupe, and that the British fleets were sailing from the 
Island, fearing the hurricane season. Admiral Graves it is said was 
killed in the action in the channel, and the ship in general much shat- 

I am, &c. 

H. H. Brkckenridge to Tench Cox. Aug.sth 

I have received no papers from you. Your letter by the Post is the Pittsburg 
first I have heard from you. 

I take the opportunity to give you in return a summary of the pres- 
ent state of this country, without respect to the opposition that exists 
to the Excise Law. It has its origin not in any anti-federal Spirit, I 
assure you. It is chiefly the principles and operation of the Law itself 
that renders it obnoxious. Be that as it may, the facts are these : 

The opposition which for some time showed itself in Resolves of Com- 
mittees, in representations to Government, in masked attacks on in- 
significant deputy Excise Officers, for only such would accept the ap- 
pointment, did at length, on the appearance of the Marshal in this 
County to serve processes, break out in an open and direct attack on the 
Inspector of the Revenue himself. General Nevill. These circumstances 
you will by this time have heard from the General himself, and from 
the Marshal, Major Lenox. 

Subsequent to their departure from the Country, notice was given for 
a meeting on the Monongahela river, about eighteen miles from the 
Town of Pittsburg. Six Delegates, of whom I was one, were sent from 
this Town. Nothing material was done at this meeting, but the measure 
agreed upon of a more general meeting on the 14th of August near the 
same place, to take into view the present state of affairs of the Country. 

Subsequent to this the Mail was intercepted. Characters in Pittsburg 
became obnoxious by letters found, in which sentiments construed to 
evince a bias in favor of the Excise Law were discovered. In conse- 
quence of this, it was thought necessary to demand of the Town, that 
those persons should be delivered up, or expelled, or any other obnoxious 
character that might reside there. Also, that the Excise Office still 
kept in Pittsburg, or said to be kept there, should be pulled down ; the 
house of Abraham Kirkpatrick burnt or pulled down ; other houses also, 
that were the property of persons unfavorable to the cause. For this 
purpose, circular letters were sent to the Battallions of the Counties, de- 

3^ ^^XiJATTJ.^^ iP «LkTa 7:k2WSSL 

.^•Hfc '<*H riff/vt«fi!Vi4 .tiPtf VI !:lw» «!<vin«t ti' :lse iiontiL lL '▼n* rnwMfwi. 'Bl die: ^sft 
4f y.h** "*i^r»i. -.Hftt rrrwn *he .^i^ if' ^tie lenprn " nvyiiwiup riie aiwn in. c&e 

th«! {imrtiof^ 2ivf4 Ui^mr*^ ivsMiiittinn* ii -^le rnvr!! ai nmniiL «»i£ ami mssec 

tSnn ^^ i^ ^i^<; imtin^ t«Mm u\ >}te pinpert^r if JLhcaiitiiiL £lzkpacriiek. 

/t intii*^ iii UiUiM?' rtidrr»ii. 5;hm»i^ * rimm tmrTiijr tuusr re^niiaiiflixi with 

If lw% If^v^rt '^ fltft^Hnrjr '•iil ^Jui ][M%i*i«3aCi» liv nil* imsiHiiii^r '^ tite 14th 
vfvftfSAt. Wii<k^ tUi«^ fwinit mU tw^ ff icoivor m^c. I ^Saaxar mjweif wxthing 
m^»f A tk>ii^ U¥ lAiwi "UMH^iv-ifviuMUMPTi ty> '^^A: P'nmiteuL wink ftA awidr«»ft pro- 

H ^Vi'li lU ^t^Mt ^rurfc^ f^&<i^ mMtitt^dr ^ Cy^sna^ Tbif viO be the 
tAfj^ i^mf^y Midi itl^iH^ vitb aiE thdU faiiiy>r tA* &Ten & eiril war. 

^M ili^ f^*rt <<^ tl^ ^^/r^rmiiM^fC I w^Maki eauincatlT praj a delaj antil 

Tk9# N my /irl)j«)(^ in Wfiifon^ to joo tbu letter, which I desire you to 
rnmrnntfUmls ^ih^ f/y the ^^azette or otherwise. 

f i irill t^f tmiff^ iMn ittimmfei^on cao be eamlj soppreased. It is but 
iimi hi a pAht tfif fimr ^;rnintie#. Be assured it is that of the greater 
pHtit^ Hffd t Hfn ififiue^f^t to Miere the three Yirginia counties on this 
9i\fi4* ih^ rnminialn will fall in. The first raeasare then will be the 
ttruMtimiUrU nf a n«5W Gr/vemmont, comprehending the three Virginia 
MONiiil^fl nrMl ibofio of Ponnifylvania to the westward, to what extent I 
bfM/W fiot'. *V\%\n oroni) which 1 contemplate with great pain, will be 
Ui« r^wMlt of iho ncjcjC5W>lty of self defence. For this reason, I earnestly 
Atiit Atmloiuily wiMh thai dotay on the part of Government may give 
ilmii to brlfif^ about, IT practicable, good order and subordination. By 
IhK \\u\p> Ibf4 (^ort^reM meotn, there may be a favorable issue to the nego- 
tJnitoli with rngard tr> the navigation of the Mississippi, the Western 
piHdn, Si\ A HMftpnnHion of the Rxcise Law during the Indian War, (a 
tttt^MfiMfci 1 propcmtifl In a ptiblicntion three years ago in Philadelphia) 
itmy imHmpN Mufllc^o. Hoing then on equal footing with other parts of 
ihi^ (Inloti, If \\\^y Mubinliiod to the ijaw this country might also. 

t nDth^lpntt^ nil timi oun be said with regard to example, &c. I may 
bp inlMnk^n, but I wm dorlmve in opinion that the United States cannot 
i^rtVi^i tb^ operation of tbo Imw in this country. It is universally odious 
hHhi» tu^i|j:bboHng pAHn of all tho neighboring States, and the militia 
\\\\\Wy I ho lM\t \\\ \\w bAndw of the President, cannot be called oat to 
l^tiUH^ Hii up|>t)iitUoUt Th« mldUnd oounties, I am persuaded, will not 


tbixNigb tbcm. A^i^Mi 

Bot tbe £x;c»e Law is a btrmBfl^ ca \he fsoidizi^ ^x^tstti ^«i^$i|M[ m»4 
abboa-TMl hy all tl»e PliDdscfibic »«ai ^a»d xht X^^tcmaoitx o4 Am«rknk 
thode wbo bold oenaScix«s excc^iKid. 

Tb€re is m growfiftg^ ku^Bg, discKi«t«iit ax ikk $rt«Mft tWt ts rMi4>r 
to borst oat ami didcorer itMiif ercsr wbem. 1 «M»did)T Mid d«;ftMUv 
teil joo, the ckmiiot of GovemaieAt bfts bae« driven J<4«4ik« «d^ U> %b« 
finjmoes. like tbut of Pbeatoa U bji$ d<»9C>»ided i\roii ilie mUMMe pftlliH 
and is likely to bora sp tbe AnencuD Eairth. 

Sboald an mtteapt be made to soppreiss ibo$e people. I am aftmid tbe 
qaestion will ool be wbetber yoa will auLrcb to Pittsbm^^ but wbeiber 
they will march to PhiiadelphijL aocnmnlatiiig in their coursie and $welU 
iDg over tbe Baoks of tbe Sasqoebannab^ like a torrent irresiMaMe and 
deToaring in its progress^ There can be no equality of contest between 
the rage of a Forrest and the abnndance. indolence and opalence of a 

If the President has evinced a prudent and approved deli^ in tbe 
case of the British spoliations, in the case of the Indian Tribes^ much 
more faamaoe and politic will it be to consult the internal peace of the 
GrovemmeDt by avoiding force until every means of accommodation are 
found unavailing. 

I deplore my personal situation. I deplore tbe situation of this coun« 
try should a civil war ensue. 

An application to the British is spoken of which may God avert 

But what will not despair produce. 

Yours, 4c. 

Thomas Xblson to the Qovbrnor. 

In answer to the letter from the Executive relative to tt)e corps ot York l\)wu 
Light Infantry under my command, I have the honor to inform your 
Excellency that there are 50 men thereat this time enlisted and enrolled, 
who are (two only excepted) uniformed according to the directions 
issued sometime since relative to Uniform, &c, ; and so great is the desire 
which pervades all the young part of tbe Regiment to bocorao morabers 
of such a Corps, that I have great reason to believe that the Company will 
become a very full one, perhaps equal to double the above number, or 
to any number which I may be permitted to receive. 

The young men of the Regiment exert themselves very muoh to pro- 
cure uniform, and as they accomplish this they make their application 
to me and are enlisted. 

Your Excellency will be pleased to observe, that it is little more than 
two months since the company was established, and it is now the largest 


1794. company of the kind (that of Richmond excepted) upon the establish- 

Aug. 9tb ment. I have had them in exercise and training for six weeks, with such 

old arms as coald be borrowed. The company as it now stands, I pre- 

same will be considered as full enough to entitle as to the benefit of the 

order of the Executive. 

I inast inform your Excellency that I have reason to believe that in 

less than a month, there will be in complete uniform from sixty, large 

odd to seventy, and request the necessary accoutrements and arms for 

light troops. 

I have, &c. 

Aug. 10th M. Carrington to the Governor. 

Cumberland Mr. George Reveley, who will band you this, bas been to the Buck- 
ingham furnace, and will explain to you the present situation of that 
place. About the year '86 or '87, Mr. John Reveley leased the land to a 
man of the name of Scruggs for five years, who let to under tenants who 
still remain on it. The land has been very much abused, and the tim- 
ber very wastefully destroyed, & if some steps are not taken to stop 
them the public interest in the land will be still more injured. Mr. 
Reveley can give you more full information as to the waste has been 

committed than I can at present. 

I am, &c. 

Aug. 10th Thomas Newton, Jr., to James Wood, Lt.-Govbrnor. 

Norfolk I have this moment received intelligence of the Brig Dolphin, Capt. 

Dalton, arrival from Jamaica. The owner of this Brig died the 29th 
ult, on his passage, of the fever ratcing there. 

The Captain says from 20 to 25 die daily, and among them many 
Americans. It is probable that this vessel may go up the river (James) 
as she has not come up here. I consider that a boat ought to be em- 
ployed to stop all vessels below for examination. If the Executive con- 
cur with me in opinion, please advise me and I will have one sent out 

The fever rages throughout the West Indies, & I think no vessel 
ought to be permitted to enter without examination. 

The Fort has now several Guns mounted, but I hear of no commander 
or men properly belonging thereto. If there was one, he could prevent 
any vessel coming up before examination. Captain Hannah is in the 
fort with a few troops, but as I understood him, had no charge thereof. 
The Engineer is there also, bat I know not whether he has any com- 
mand. I will apply to him. 

Some British fVigates still in the Bay. 

I am, Ac. 



Robert Page to Colonel James Innes. 


The Jury having found for the Commonwealth, upon an Inquisition 
had some time ago in the county of Shenandoah, upon a large tract of 
Land claimed by Denny Fairfax, a British subject, and Traverse as also 
a Monstrans de Droit having been filed in the Office of our District 
court, It is presumable, especially as the counsel for the Defence don't 
appear anxious for a decision, that the Trial will come on at our next 
term, which will commence on the first day of next month. As the 
decision in the case above mentioned will have an Influence in the de- 
termination of the Right of the Commonwealth to other large Tracts of 
Land lying in several other counties in the Northern Neck, amounting 
to nearly 300,000 acres, all depending upon the same point, I feel such a 
degree of diffidence in having the management of a cause so important 
to the Commonwealth, as to wish for your assistance, if you can possibly 
make it convenient to attend, particularly as I apprehend that great ex- 
ertion will be made on the part of Mr. Fairfax. 

I conceive it not necessary to furnish you with a particular state of 
the case, as I have no doubt you have been informed upon this subject 
long ago. However, it may not be improper to mention that Lord Fair- 
fax, the former Proprietor of the Land in Question, made his will in 
November, 1778, by which he devised those Lands to Denny Fairfax, a 
subject of Great Britain, and that Lord Fairfax died in December, 1781, 
while the war was yet depending. Under which will, we contend on 
the part of the Commonwealth, that Denny Hiartin, now Fairfax, being 
an alien, could only take for the use of the State. And on the other 
hand it is contended that altho' Denny Fairfax should be considered an 
alien, the Treaty of Peace secures him a Eight to those Lands, &c, 

I understand there are several precedents of proceedings on Inquests 
of office upon Escheats in the General court, including the Traverse and 
Monstraus de Droit, &c., and have to request that you will procure a 
copy from the Clerk of that Court of Record in one of these cases, 
which you will please to forward to me by post or otherwise before the 
meeting of the next court. 

You will present my most respectful compliments to Mrs. Innes, and 
believe me, &c. 

Should you come up, which I earnestly hope you will, I shall expect 
that you will call upon me. 

Aug. 11th 


Barronuier to the Governor. 

Citizen Oster, Yice-Consul for the French Republick, has obtain from 
bis office a sentence, by virtue of which, in the fault of complying with 

Aug. nth 


1794. the above sentence (I am to be imprisoned immediately), the purport of 
Aug. 11th said sentence is to deposit a certain sam in the chancery office. 

My intention has always been, and continues to be, to comply with 
said sentence. So, said Vice Consul will deliver me a regular copy of 
the process with Bill of Charges duly certify'd, and so as to enable me 
to stablish my account of sundry disbursement I have been obliged to 
make relatively to this Business, and of which I must have every 
voucher in Rule with their Respective acquittances, of what sum I 
have paid, to render my account (to the heirs) to whom of wright. 

Mr. Oster has Repetedly Refused my Request which is against every 
Rule and order. I keep a house here and have my family with me, and 
I can, if necessary. Give such satisfaction (as no one but him would re- 
fuse) if necessary, I have apply'd to Mr. Jn. Nevenson, Notary Publick, 
four days ago, to lend him my request by a summonse to that effect. 
Mr. Nevenson is out of town and I do not know the result of this Vice 
Consuls answer to my summonse. I must humbly Begg you when said 
Vice Consul will make his application to Gett the rigour of the s'd Sen- 
tence put into execution. That you will be pleased to order that the 
Reasons that I have to allege should be heard by some one competent, 
that I may justify my conduct and Expose my just and equitable 
grounds, that have kept me from complying with the above sentence. 
I flatter myself, that you do not approve of such sommery sentence (and 
that you are a ware of them) and that your kind indulgence to a 
stranger, will induce you to Grant my Prayers, and I Joine with my 
whole family, will be ever penetrated with the Greatest Sentiments of 
true Gratitude. 

I have, &c. 

Aug. 12th Thomas Mathews to the Governor. 

Norfolk Circumstances frequently arise at this Port which frequently embar- 

rass the Officers disposed to a faithful execution of the Laws. Two late 
arnvals are of this kind: one from Charlestown, S. Carolina, loaded 
with Flour, Soap, Candles, &c., with a regular Clearance from the OflS- 
cers of the Customs of that Port, and destined for Saint Peter, Guada- 
loup, and put in here in distress. 

This vessel is without a commission, but yet she is equipped with 13 
Guns and 72 Men, and from the information that I can procure, has been 
equipped in Charlestown. 

The other, a small Boat with two swivels. The Captain of this Boat 
is in possession of a Com. from the Gov'r of Cape Francois, dated 
March, '93. He likewise produces a clearance from the Custom House, 
Baltimore, dated May, '94, without mentioning any Guns, or that the 
vessel is in any manner equipped for war. 



This Iftttmr tombI htm tftkea a Batch Snow, The Borgeen said to have 
a valuable eargo on board, and which prixe they ran on shore near O^pe 
Charles a few days since. 

Vessels have arrived here with part oi the Cargo from the Snow. I 
have consulted Major Lindsaj on the snbject, and examined the in* 
stmciions relative to bnsinees of this natare. The resnlt has been, that 
the goods are hdd in possession of the Collector until the further order 
of the Executive. I shall likewise be happj in receiving the instruc- 
tions of the Executive relative to the two vessels^ agreeable to their re- 
spective cases, as before stated. 

I am, &c. 


Wm. Liki>sat to thb Governor. 

Aug. 12th 


There arrived here on the 10th inst., a small Schooner under French Cblieclor^ 
colours armed with two swivels & a few muskets, and it being reported 
that a prize to the said Schooner was cast on shore on Cape Charies, 
I sent for the master of the Schooner to learn information, and received 
the following particulars: 

That he is a French Man, his name is Peter Saintgassein, that he has 
a commission (which he produced) dated Cape Francois, in March, 1793, 
that be brought a cargo of Coffee to Baltimore, that he cleared fVom 
Baltimore for Cavenne on the 25th of May last, and that on his return 
25 Leagues from thence he captured the Snow Bergeen, Frederick Mat- 
tias, Master, a Dutch vessel from Amsterdam, bound to Surinam, with a 
valuable cargo. The said prize with her cargo must be nearly lost firom 
its present situation, having (by what I learn from the Pilot) now 
9 feet water in the hold. A small part of the Cargo being brought up 
in a pilot Boat much damaged, I have taken possession of until some 
decision on the business takes place. 

I have also to inform you that an Armed Ship called the Nonpariel 
under French colours, arrived here a few days ago. She cleared from 
Charleston for Gaudaloupe, has a cargo on board, mounts 13 Guns, and 
has from 70 to 80 men. The Captain says he is in distress, having 
Sprung both masts. He has no commission. He purchased the vessel 
and armed her in Charleston. 

I am, ftc. 

John Cropper to 

I received the 30th of June, my commission as agent of the Ninth 
Brigade district, and the Act of Assembly prescribing my duty. By 
the law, the Auditor is to forward to the Agents executions against the 


Aug. 1 2th 


1794. delinquents in the respective Districts. As soon as I shall receive those 
Aug. 12th for this, I will proceed to execute the trust reposed in me to the hest of 
my judgment and authority. I shall be very glad to receive by the 
bearer, Mr. 6ayl> , those executions, and any advice or instructions the 
Executive may please to give mo. I wrote you the second of May, giv- 
ing an account ot my proceedings as Lieut.-CoL Commandant of the 
Militia of this County under the Embargo, in detaining the Schooner 
Franklin and brigantine Neutrality, as I have as yet received no an- 
swer to that letter, shall now be glad to be favored with your reply and 
opinion respecting my conduct on that occasion. 

Being much indisposed at present, I conclude by subscribing myselt, 

Yours, Ac. 

Aug. 12th At a court of oyer and terminer held for the county of Henrico at 
the Courthouse, on Wednesday, the sixteenth of Jul}'^, 1794, for the trial 
of Emanuel, a negro man slave, the property of Richard Randolph, Esq., 
(of Curls) charged with murder. 

Present. — Isaac Younghusband, Bowler Cocke, John Harvie, John 
Mayo, and Thomas B. Adams, Gent. Justices. 

The said negro man slave Emanuel was set the Bar in custody, and 
upon his trial denied the charge with which he stands accused. Where- 
upon Sundry witnesses being sworn, charged and examined, and the 
prisoner by his counsel fully heard, it is the opinion of the court that 
the prisoner is guilty of the charge aforesaid, and for the same that he 
be hanged by the neck until he be dead. And it is commanded the 
sheriff that he cause execution of this order to be done on Friday, the 
twenty-second day of the next month, between the hours of ten and 
twelve in the forenoon, at the usual place of execution. 

The Court also valued the said slave to eighty pounds. 

The minutes of the foregoing proceedings were signed — 


Aug. 13th James Innes to Archibald Blair. 

You will inform the Governor that no such papers as those described 
in your letter were ever transmitted to me, either from the Executive, 
or any other existing body. The only communication I ever received 
respecting the commissioners of the land tax since the opinion of the 


General Court on that subject, was a letter from Lieut.-Governor Wood, 
enclosing me that decision, and requiring to be informed in what man- 
ner Government ought to proceed to recover back again the salaries 
which had been illegally, according to the aforesaid judgment paid to 
the commissioners. In answer to which letter, I now advise that actions 
upon the case be instituted against the said commissioners for the 
amount of the several sums they may have respectively received. If 
the Auditor however, shall suppose motions against them sustainable (ot 
which with great humility I entertain my doubts), let notices be given, 
that a summary mode may be tried at the next court. 

I am, &c. 


Aug. 13th 

Jambs Innes to the Qovbrnor. 

I return you my thanks for the letter you were good enough to write 
for me to the Secretary of State, on the subject of his last night's com- 
munication. It was strictly communicative of my situation, sentiments, 
and feelings. Enclosed you have my application to the Executive. Please 
to communicate to me the result of their deliberations without delay. 

Your, Ac. 

Aug. 14th 

Alexander Campbell to the Governor. 

Upon the subjects of your communication to me this morning: 
I am of opinion that the French Schooner from Baltimore, which has 
come into the Port of Norfolk with a Prize captured at Sea, is not sub- 
ject to detention under any Law of Congress, or of Nations. It is not 
even suggested that she was equipped for war within the territory of 
the United States ; and tho' it is stated that no mention is made of her 
Guns in her entry at the Port of Baltimore, yet I do not consider this 
circumstance to be a sufficient ground to justify her detention. 

It is a respect due to the Government of another State to presume 
that a vessel which has regularly cleared out from her Ports would not 
have been permitted to equip therein, or have obtained permission to 
leave them in repugnance to a well-known and very important Law of 
the United States; and this presumption ought to govern in all cases, 
where there is not a direct allegation to oppose it. Under this impression 
I shall not direct any process to issue against this vessel ; but with re- 
spect to that from Charleston, I am equally clear that she is liable to 
seizure and forfeiture. I have no doubt as to her character. The num- 
ber of her Men is of itself sufficient evidence, in my mind^ that she is 
designed for war, altho' she has cleared out from Charleston under the 

Aug. 15th 



175H. ^hfird^^t^n* /yf a )f<9mhiint venial. Ser e^iaipment ia due Port betiij^ 
Anff. i5th th^r^foi^ illicit, f h»ve tflerl a FJhel agaiiuit her in the District Cfmrt 
of the nnit4»4 ^Ufteti, dii«i have to rei|ueiit of the Rxeeotrve ti> gire 
mtch PnfftnK^tioiM nn will enable the M^mhui of the Carted States to 
prrt^nre the ^4 ol the Xilitia in ^san^ wad decarrn^ her, if he shall 
fcni it rteeeswary. 

The Pffsse U> the Baltimore w^hooner ie not to he reeognized as such 
till there flrhaU he a eondemnation oe her ae a Prize. 3^0 reqoeai hath 
m y6t heei% mikfe Xa m^U> [>roeeed a^^net her apoa that s^roond. nor is 
there Any eom|>ia9ivt respeetins^ her detention, irhieh will authorize any 
Kran<^h of ^^ey^erwTMeiit to nociee the drenmacanee of her eapiare. 

I hare^ kc. 



hrtml/rlph On reC'^fVJng y</tif Offiem 1 raided a Company of Yolimteers for the 
t^tmtiiy fi^f^ttte tit Mf/n/mgalift h\nit\(ii. On the 17th of March last I received 
(jttl()tn ttotri (Uf). William Lowther to fitation the troops raised in this 
(Jtmtiiy at the head of Ty^aris Valley and Bachannon River. I acted 
Agreeslde Uf hln ^mirueHoun, and kept the troops stationed at the head 
of TygttHs Valley iind HtKdiannon RIvor, until I received another letter 
I'rnm (jol. liowther with orders to march the troops under ray care to 
the mcMith of ^reai Itaukhawklng^ or a little settlement about four 
milfin fthove llaukhawklng. I received said orders on the 8tb of July. 
Ool. tiowther infurmod mo by his letter that be thought I could have 
my tnett Iti readlnenH to march in about 2 or 3 wooks from the time he 
wrr)ie to me, which was the 6th of July. On consideration of the dis- 
laniie I had to march, and the length of time the troops were likely to be 
cohtlntied on the big river, t thought it would be impracticable to march 
before ih« first Monday in August, against which time my Company 
wotilfl have boc^n In readiness to march for the Ohio, but on the 29th of 
July t had an oxpress A*om Duchannon, giving the intelligence that the 
tmlians ha^l taken a young woman Captive fVom the West fork, and had 
mado other Incursions In the same settlement, I immediately marched 
pari of my Ot^mpany f\)r the place where the mischief was done, but did 
not overtake the enemy* t got l>ack to the Valley the 10th of August, 
where 1 frtund the people much alarmed, it being thought that the In- 
ttihns were in this settlement, and I am doubtful, fVom the present ap- 
peattince ot things, that the Indians is really in the settlement of Ty- 
gavts Valley. 1 think it my dntj^ to try to detect the enemy if they 
be in the settlement K^foi^e 1 march to the Ohio. I would farther in- 
form yo^t fi>ccelKvn<;)' that there is a considerable vacancy on the big 

cuianrnAi^ ot i^sTATF. ^At^fjns ^i 

TiY^rtetwPMD BoNsHil mmd tiic ^^roat Kamiwliik winch 1 tWttk f^l^e 1T?*^. 
inlet to tbe induBBH ttet I Immr f^f lit this t^mf^. Xli$r tl^Y) 

*Bir hiiits 1 «otaut to vfwr Km^eHimrr't^ cotintHcnttimi iwni T<«!*t . 

• * 

Tmir. *r. 

K. B. MyTaatPD for vunnhhiir to ^Hrmno flic IiwfhttN thut hnA dotte 
the miflcfaief on tbc' West. #i«k. wik^ tiiat I wits nffhrmcKi bv tho BtK«k. 
iuumoD Itxfn e »i> tbtat Jjomtker^ troops wits ^Min^. nitd th^^^! WitB tto 
to ialiow the enaniT. 

15th of ^iit>(*h, ITH. Xtnt. im>i 


I have juat conidderMi ocmMnmliig th<^ mppomtWK^nl of th<* iipl<*!^, 
and find that I cannot in Jnstioe tMm oiii t.h^(^ 0<^T>tk^nK^n irho hn\'<» 
Sensed tfaroogh the «evority of th^ winter, nnd nokni ^^ff<H^Kh^^ to tho 
Instmctione given to tbem. I «iy, to t4im thom out wonW ho tnntt^l ; 
tbereicyre I hMve oontinoed those ap{>oint4>d tor owr oofinty. find hm \r\ 
hopes yon will see with me, and I>o likowi»e>. ^oiWithnttit»dffi|it. tht> 
mutter reste with yon, and I rort my»elf awHir^ty >*6n will d^ >^rh^t f^ 

Yon will pleaee to Station yoar mon at th^ ny»f^ H\A tsf iht^ VftttAy 
and Backhannon as before, until fenher fiwM m<v. 1t*hy^ S^ft^ y6x\ fh^y 
Direct to Range So a^ to «eonre the moi^i exposed pAH OV Jt^WV trrstiyiiy. 
Afl for Bationft, Mr. Wils in Ohio oonnly U to unpply. Amt\i\\^1iirtW \fk 
to be forwarded by the Governour to MorgantrtWh* wh\^\«* \ i^^Jiert ytiW 
may be supplied by applying. I am in ho|>^ that )niu Wi\\ i^MiiiniVrtV trt 
send the Rangers yourselves, unless you can s^o hrtW It i*nM l^i^ Hrthl^ hy 
some Regelor manner, and perhaps all togoih^r. 

I am, An., 

To Colo. Cornelieus fioganl. 

1 WM. liOWtHftM 

rfMly mh, <T»4. 


I have just returned from tisHlff^ ib« tiW^Mft HiditfHii tiH Iti^ 
River Ohio, and find the River c^ympM«rt/ AMed #Hh tfiiitf^^ /(</#// t/y ih^ 
little Kanawajr ^ tlufn ti»«rf« upptmtn Up im MH tfpHi^Hff «i Iti^ HlHHiii ^ 
Great HoekboekfikK^ wl^irrs^ ii Mpp^f§ itt fc% Mfy ffiff^ (^ i^^ iH^iHUH, 
whieb Do tW gnmUM tHmtt^ Ut ih^ ttpp^ pttti t/t hmiU ymt ()MMy 
mmd Owa^ 4 aa I bar«>f«i re«ft«*tsdl %tptmi tft4&Hi ttmt Iti^ thcHjfHN^ 
to pMt aS tW .%siMi«t Md) Kav^fn oiv ^^<^ /K^^ //j^, HAyhi^^i^, y /^ 
fM0t 7«« wm aMMKit ;<mf 6<VM^^My WM^^^ffkrf^ly <<vilfWrt f>is6d,M^i&g 
Uttk^ s s fthi a ac ato«» ^ aMteiy al^y^d tf<H^irnVg^ #M6lkhr^ Mkjt fttHt y<Vt)r 


1794. best. I think it will suit you best to go by water, by reason you can 
Aug. 16th call on Col. McClerry at Morgantown, and receive your ammunition ; 
also, you can call at the mouth of Buffalow, and acquaint the commis- 
sary concerning your Rations. If you go by land, you will be under 
the necessity of Imploying a pack-horse or two to Pack out your ammu- 
nition. Likewise to inform commissary concerning provisions, and as 
Sergeant Fells is to Join your Company, Pies to let him know when he 
may Depend on meeting you at Morgantown. I have thought two or 
three weeks will be as Long a time as necessary to give the men to get 
themselves ready in. 

I am, &c., 


Aug. 16th Petition to the Governor. 

August 11th, 1794. 

Your Humble petitioners Showeth, that the frontiers of Randolph 
County is truly in a pitiable condition, as the Indians has of late done 
considerable Damage on the frontiers of Harrison County, viz: Killed 
one and taken four captive, and made several other attacks, and their 
sign has been Discovered in Several places on our frontier, and has at- 
tacked one house the evening of the tenth of this Instant, and our Sol- 
diers about to start to the Ohio, and every circumstance gives us to 
think that unless there is a further protection Granted, that a number 
of families settled out on our frontiei*s will Certainly be obliged to 
Brake, which nothing but the Expectation of a Guard Induced them to 
venture out. Therefoie, we humbly pray you to take our present 
situation into consideration and continue the Guard with us. Else we 
conceive that some part of our frontier will Sustain perhaps consider- 
able Damage. We rest in some measure Contented that our petition will 
be heard, while your petitioners is in Duty Bound to pray. 

Ferdinand Hamilton, Barton Stolnaker, Archibald Hamilton, James 
M. Colain, Wm. Shaw, Rebeckah Haddan and others. 

Aug. 16th James Innes to the Governor. 

Henrico I have conversed with Mr. Reveley on the situation of the Bucking- 
ham Works, Scruggs and all his under-tenants are Trespassers. John 
Reveley had never a right to lease out the lands. Ballendine & Reveley 
entered into a contract with the State many years since, to deliver a 
a certain quantity of pig iron and castings at £7 10 per ton, upon the 
i delivery of which, they were to have had the works, negroes, &c.y in fee. 


These were, however, Mortaged to the CommoDwealth. Ballendine & 1794. 
Reveley long since fell thro' their contract. Reveley, Ballendine being Aug. 16th 
dead, delivered the negroes and implements to Mr. Mayo Garrington, & 
wrote to me offering to reconvey the Lands to the State. I showed his 
letter to Ballendine's Heir, who agreed to join in the conveyance. 
Reveley shortly after lost his senses, and young Ballendine left the 
State. These events have prevented the reconveyance of the property 
to the State. Mr. George Reveley informs me his brother is once more 
compos mentis, unless when deranged by liquor, and that young Bal- 
lendine is probably on the Potomack, where he has some Estate. He 
also offered his endeavor to get his Brother & Ballendine to make the 
proper conveyance to the State. By looking into the records of the 
Journal and the Journals of the Assembly a full history of this business 
may be seen, & a deed prepared, which will differ in no respect from or- 
dinary conveyances, except in reciting the terms on which the lands 
were conveyed to Ballendine & Reveley. Their failing to comply with 
those terms, and consequently the reversion of the land back again to the 
State, and the free assent of Ballendine, Jun., as representative of his 
father, and of John Reveley, that it should so revert. Tour Clerk, Mr. 
Blair, can show you all the Documents relative to this business, as he 
once furnished me with them, and I suppose one of your Clerks may 
draft the deed. For as conveyancing is no part of my profession, I do 
not suppose it a duty incidental to my office. However, if I was well 
enough (which is really not the case) I would make no difficulty about 
the matter. It is of consequence to have the deed now prepared, as 
Mr. George Revely would take it down with him to Portsmouth, and 
then proceed up Rappahannock to get it executed. 

If nothing can be done in this affair until I get well, as soon as that 
happy event arrives, I will take it up and try to have it finished. I 
can hardly see what I write. God knows whether you will be able to 
read it. 

I am, &c. 

A. Lewis to the Governor. Aug.isth 

Immediately on receipt of your letter. Dated July 17th Inst., agreea- Fort Lee 
blc to your instructions to Capt. Neil & Ensign Cotteral, Capt. Neil re- 
fused to serve. Cotteral accepts and takes his post under Lieut. McGa- 
vock. The Company formerly under the command of Capt. Crockett 
has not a commissioned officer, but Lieut. Taylor. I have directed 
Lieut. Robertson, being the eldest of that rank on the Southwestern 
Frontiers, to take command of that company as Capt., and as my com- 
mand obliges me frequently to be at other posts than my own, or at the 
bead of my own company, it is impossible for me to have the duty done 


Aug. 18th 


without the namber of officers allowed to that particular company and 
have directed Ensign Colvill to take rank as Lieut., and James Darby 
Serg't, who commanded the detachment that defeated the party of In- 
dians that did the mischief at the house of Mr. Lovingston, to take 
rank as ensign on the Executive's approbation or disapprobation, to this 
regulation should be glad to receive Instructions. I shall then want two 
commissioned Officers, a Capt. & Ensign to complete the Companies 
under my command, but as the season is now far advanced, and not 
wishing to cause further expense to the public, will endeavour to do 
without them. 

I have, Ac. 

Aug. 18th 


Thomas Nbwton to the Qovbrnor. 

Two vessels have arrived this day from the West Indies. The Schooner 
Richmond, from Jamaica — all well and healthy ; and the schooner Ade- 
line, from St. Thomas, the same: both out twenty days and upwards. 
Under these circumstances, I have permitted them to come up and pro- 
ceed to their discharging — conceiving it the intention of the proclama- 
tion not to detain vessels after the crews were found to be healthy. If 
I have erred, to set me right I have a boat cruizing with a careful man 
in her who stops all vessels below, when Doctor Mortimer proceeds and 
examines the crews as to their health — a certificate of which is given to 
me; and if the least appearance of sickness appears, they shall lie until 
their health is restored. But if your Excellency should think all vessels 
should perform Quarantine that arrive from the points proscribed, they 
shall, tho' I think it unnecessary as the disorder would appear on the 
passage if they were infected. Whatever you may please to direct, I 
will endeavor to execute. And am — 

Your, &c. 

The boat and men are at 28s. per day. The vessels pay for the Doc- 
tor's visiting them, and I suppose the boat will be at the public expence, 
as it is hard to make people pay for the common good, when they suffer 
so largely in detaining their vessels. 

Aug. 191^ 


Geo. K. Taylor to the Qovernor. 

I regret extremely that my professional avocations by detaining me 
from Petersburg all the last week, prevented me from receiving your 
letter dated the 9th instant, until the last evening. Immediately after 
I had received, I began to make out an account of the expenditures of 


myself and of Captain Wcisiger 8 party, including also one or two 1794. 
charges against General Marnball, which were not presented to him for Aug. 19th 
payment during his stay in Smithfield, which I now do mj'self the 
honor of inclosing to you, together with the several vouchers necessary 
to establish it. 

The horse impressed by Captain Weisigor is not generally supposed 
to have been worth more than thirty-five pounds. The owner of him, 
however exacts payment of fifly pounds, and threatens suit unless the 
ultimate penny ot that sum is paid. But as it unjust that the state of 
Virginia or the United States should be encumbered with the payment 
of more than his real value, and as Captain Weisiger's friends have 
determined to exonerate him by voluntary subscription from all damage, 
I have stated his value at the smaller sum, leaving the balance to be 
discharged by the contributions of the Captain's acquaintances. 

The charges in the account marked with asterisks I have not dis- 
charged, either because I conceived them to be exorbitant, or because 
I doubted whether I ought to pay them until they were sanctioned by 
you. They are tavern keeper's bills, and a Doctor's account. This 
Doctor was employed to attend one of the Prince George Light Infan- 
try who was grievously wounded with a bayonet by one of his fellow 
soldiers, and was incapable for some time of removing. The charge, I 
presume, for attendance and medicine is a proper one against the state, 
as is also the tavern keeper's bill for his maintenance while under the 
surgeon's hands. I have not however presumed to pay the one or the 
other before receiving your opinion as to the propriety of the charges. 
It will be observed that what swells the account which I render is that 
I laid in provisions and spirituous liquours, not only for the soldiers, but 
also for the men on board the cutter, and for the seamen whom the 
Marshall employed to carry the ship up James River. The reason of 
this was that we were both sure that payment of the whole charge 
would ultimately be made by the United States, and the mode adopted 
superceded the necessity of keeping two separate and distinct accounts. 

I have waited this long without sending you my report, in hopes of 
previously submitting it to the criticism of the Marshall. But he, I 
hear, is sick, and my professional business during this whole month, 
presses me so closely that I am not able to wait upon him with it. I 
shall therefore forthwith transmit it to you in its present state. 

I have, &c. 

Proclamation by the Governor op Virginia. Aug. 19th 

Whereas I have received information that a banditti from the Western 

parts of Pennsylvania have in defiance of law and order, passed into 

this Commonwealth, and by threats and other evil doings compelled an 



1794. officer of the United States living in Morgan Town, in the County of 
Aug. 19th Monongalia, to abandon his home and seek personal safety by flight; 
And whereas I have reason to believe that the said banditti are a part 
of that deluded combination of men described in the President's procla- 
mation of the 7th day of this present month, who, forgetful of all obliga- 
tions human and divine, seem intent only on rapine and anarchy, and 
therefore endeavour by their emissaries and other illegal means to seduce 
the good people of this Commonwealth inhabiting the Country border- 
ing on the state of Pennsylvania, to unite with them in schemes and 
measures tending to destroy the tranquility and order which so happily 
prevails, and thereby to convert the blessings we so eminently enjoy 
under our free and equal government into the most afflicting miseries 
which can possibly befall the human race. 

To arrest these wicked designs; to uphold the majesty of the law; to 
preserve our fellow citizens from evil and our country from disgrace, I 
have thought proper, by and with the advice of the council of State, to 
issue this my proclamation calling on all officers, civil and military, to 
exercise with zeal, dilligence and firmness, every legal power vested in 
them respectively for the purpose of detecting and bringing to trial 
every offender or offenders in the premises. 

And I do moreover specially require and enjoin that all persons com- 
ing into this Commonwealth fi'om that part of our sister State, at pro- 
sent so unhappily distracted, be particularly watched, and if they shall 
be found disseminating their wicked and pernicious doctrines, or in any 
way exciting a spirit of disobedience to government, thereby violating 
the peace and dignity of this Commonwealth, that they be immediately 
apprehended and dealt with according to law. 

Given under my hand as Governor, and under the seal of the Common- 
wealth, at Richmond, this twentieth day of Augusf, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, and of the Commou- 
wealth the nineteenth. 


Aug. 20th J« Dawson to James Wood. 

Staunton Wm. Patton was appointed one of the agents to superintend the col- 
lection of the monies due to the Commonwealth. 

He has not received his commission. 

A recommendation of e sheriff was some time since made by the Court 
of Bath. Dean was the first nomination, and appears to be much 
worked for by the court and county. 

No commission has come to hand. I must request your earnest atten- 
tion to these things. And am, &c 



Edward Carrington to the Governor. 1794. 

I have just received from Mr. Edward Smith, Inspector of the 5th Aug. 20th 
Survey in this District, the enclosed letter dated the 17th Instant. Supervisor's 

I beg leave to call jour attention, sir, to the intelligence which it con- j^i^hiSond 
tains of practices by the Insergents in Pennsylvania, by Emissaries and 
open parties, for suppressing the execution of the Excise Laws in the 
county of Monongalia, and uniting in the Insurgency the people of that 
county; and of the symptoms of defection which have discovered them- 
selves in some, though not the generality of those people. 

Your Excellency will also observe in the letter of Mr. Smith, a para- 
graph mentioning with some degree of uncertainty, that probably Emis- 
saries from the Insurgents have been in Winchester, for the purpose of 
purchasing ammunition, which you may be of opinion merits further 

I have, &c. 

Winchester, Aug. 17th, 1794. 

Tour despatches rec*d at this place, having returned a few days 
since without being able evon to proceed to Margan Town with any de- 
gree of propiiety. , 

According to my intention communicated to you in my duplicate let- 
ter to the Commissioners of Revenue, I sut out for Morgan Town, and 
proceed to the neighborhood of the mountains, where I rec'd a letter 
from the collector from that county, containing the following para- 

'* I am threatened from all quarters in my own county, and the Penn- 
sylvanians came into our Town and ordered me to give up my papers, 
or they would come and destroy them with all my property; in the 
meantime no collection can go on, as our distillers will not pay 'till they 
see the event.'' 

Having other business in the county I then was, and hearing contin- 
ually unfavorable accounts, I waited a few days to determine on future 
measures; in that time, I was informed the Collector had been obliged 
to fly his home, which proved to be the case; in consequence whereof, I 
thought it necessary to have a meeting with the Collector, who had 
come below the mountains. He informed me he had received a fictitious 
signature to a letter threatening him, that if he did not resign his comm'n, 
they would be at his house on a certain night and destroy everything 
he had. In consequence, with the advice of his friends, he fled for safety. 
They fulfilled their promise on the night preceeding the one appointed. 
A considerable party came in pursuit of him, but did not destroy his 
property. Weaver ipformed me that they bring whiskey from Peni)- 


1794. sylvania in the most open manner, bidding defiance to a seizure. He 
Aug. 20th further informed me that my intended visit was well known, and that 
ho is confident that I should have been in the hands of the Pennsylva- 
nians in a very short time after my arrival at Morgan Town. Under 
these various circumstances, I deemed it needless to proceed, and con- 
cluded that the most prudent measures should be taken to prevent any 
avowed opposition by the Virginians, which perhaps my presence might 
occasion. I have wrote to Mr. Biggs fully on the subject of my intended 
visit, and at the same time admitting the justification of the suspension 
of the payment of the duties at this time, to communicate fully to the 
People the object of my letter, and to caution them against wantonly 
engaging in the lawless proceedings of their neighbours. 

From the best information I can receive from the counties of Har- 
rison and Randolph, I believe the People to be temperate on this busi- 
ness, and if prudently managed, I have no fear of their defection, indeed 
the influented part of Monongalia I am convinced, are well disposed, 
and attribute the threats rcc'd to some of the rabble who have nothing 
to lose, as it is natural to expect on such occasions that every worthless 
fellow will wish to appear of consequence. I am, therefore, pretty con- 
fident, that if proper measures are persuod against the Pennsylvanians, 
these People will remain quiet. 

I am entirely uninformed of the state of matters in Ohio; my conjec- 
tures are, that many are friends to the opposition and perhaps some 
have been so imprudent as to associate themselves in it, but I expect 
that no officer appearing amongst them, by which they might form a 
pretext for opposition, they will be passive until the event of Pennsyl- 
vania is Known ; but if this evil is not eventually rooted out, the flame 
will spread most readily. Some of the Distillers in Hampshire & Hardy, 
which join the boundaries of Monongalia express their doubts of longer 
paying the duties, and would embrace the earliest opportunity of non- 
compliance if they could calculate on protection in their opposition. 

The reports we receive from Pennsylvania infer a continuance of their 
rebellious proceedings, and wo have reason to believe that emissaries 
have been in this Town who have purchased a considerable quantity of 
Amunition. Commissions arc sent by the President to negotiate, but I 
am afraid it will add fuel to the fiame, as reason must vanish when a 
mob governs. 

You will please inform me whether I shall remit you the Cash in 
hand, or hold it for its first purpose; if the former, I shall bo glad if 
you can accommodate a draft on me for 3,000 dollars, as it is very diffi- 
cult to procure Bank notes for remittance. 

I am, Ac, 


P. S. — The Express delivered your dispatches on Saturday noon A 
have dispatched him Sunday 8 o'clock. 

Col. Edw'd Carrington, Supervisor of Revenue, Richmond. 


John Wilson to tub Governor. 1794. 

The recommendation from the Court of this County for the Militia Aug. 20th 
Officers, as it met with the disapprobation of the Executive, (being one Pittsylvania 
of that Body) I shall take it as a great favor to know by what Informa- county 
tion the}'' grounded their opinions, as do set of men ought to be con- 
demned without a hearing. (As a citizen I claim itj and hope by Capt. 
Clark a Transcrip you will send me of the Information they had to 
ground their opinions. Then I shall be able to answer for my conduct 
in the Business, and perhaps shew how much the recommendations is 
mended, as I am confident there must bo some rong information some 
way, or the Executive would not have altered the recommendation as 
they did. Therefore, please to receive my Resignation of my Commis- 
sion of the 42nd Regiment, as I chose to resign; please to appoint some 
other in my place, as I have got old and had a long Tour in the busi- 
ness, but shall always bo ready and willing to give my aid and assist- 
ance, my poor abilities will admit of in favour of my Country. Col. 
Wm. Bix lives in the south side of the 42nd Regiment, which I had the 
honor to command, and will have near twenty miles to ride before he 
gets in nearest Bounds of the one he is appointed to. 

Therefore, you may Judge whether it will not be proper to appoint 
him to the Command of 42nd Regiment, and refer you to the recom- 
mendation of the Court oi this County for the office of the lOlst Regi- 
ment, and 

Am, &c. 

Charles Alexander to the Governor. Aug.20th 

Declines the sheriffalty of Fairfax and recommends Col. Payne for the 


You will find by the recommendation of the Court of Fairfax, Mr. 
Charles Alexander and myself are the next persons entitled to the 
Sheriff's commission for said county. You will also discover by Mr. 
Alexander's Letter his wish not to accept the same. I have 0T\\y this to 
observe, and which I think it is right you should be informed of, that I 
am the Surveyor of the County in which I live. Now, Sir, if there is 
no impropriety in my holding both offices, as I should farm it out to 
good men qualified to do the Business, (as hath generally been the cus- 
tom here), I confess 1 shall have no objection in accepting the office of 
Sheriff, otherwise, I shall continue in the office I hold at present. This 
far I can say during my practice in Surveying, I have considered it a 
singular advantage in attending a survey in a double capacity as it i^ 

^^ c^t4Btx^n or 5fCkXH h^abk 

Xime CfmrtL LVM. 
^mf^'rfM tH#l^ J?KtM*r \irinwi. ChurtfMt Wmsaandttr and WliliaiiL Pbjme, 
p^f«iir>fi^ 10 ft^Ti^^itH the z^HIre 'If .%«rrtf 'if tin* County. 

3. W^kQfySWSL Csu CWrk. 

1F;t&ft CmniCf r -^OS- ^l*^ ^^^^ 
^ 4^ M^#^ ^.^iftf iy diM /<Me]^ K«ftt. EM|r^ <!mitnMStor for ike soppl j 

PfMtV^f tA ^'^$^^n^ tm UU year I7M, ban <ftilj farawfcH ibe Coibimidj 
/yf ^«*f^ )Wi>f»^ fv#4<^ My evMiUMMkl fmi« tbe 9th dmj of March oniil the 


\ (\h h^^ mriity thai /oiepb Keoi, Btq^ eboiractor for the Yolan- 

Uf^t M)(Ht» fftnpitfy^ in defence of the Soaibwestem Frontier of Yir- 

^fitM fffr f'h^ y«lif 1794, ban duly fbrninhed the seyeral companies fW>in 

ihti iUiw ift ^rti^rirtg tbo service until tbiii date, with their rations as 

t]\fm{'^ft hy (iiititrnniDnt 

A. LBWIS, Capt. 
Autf;80lh, 1704. 

y^tfll^lfll TllOK. riMWIM TO TIIR GOVBRNOR. 

MlHm*i^Mb^ t lmvi> Ihi^ htmnr lo (>tirloiio you a list of the men's names enlisted in 

H4HHiv ihH ftHtlli»fy ctimpf^ny und«r my command, belonging to the Uth Brig- 

fttl^ «I|«i(Hm(. \iWk\U lit^wls WAlii on you to request the favor of field 

}^\v>^^ \^w^\ \Mv^ a|ipUH0naniHm and whatever else may be necessary for 

I^Hi^lt \\s^ KHid tH^m|mny Into a state of equipment. 

I bavey&o. 

CUXdENBiLB OF fTTATT: 1»^A^1WS, :g7l 

A liH «f SOB h ekwi f iM^ to ite I4iii Bripule AniMerr 0€m|NitiT : 1?^ 

Jolm Wyatt. Jjunes Kmr. Ooiyden OuTHmUir, ^^i9«V(d Oriilii. W^lHn^ A^. 5ft>i 
Fl6Bihi|r, iiobert Bdob. WilKsn Jones. Thmiuis OharohiU, Oun* K^ifviYv. 
John Btukaan, Mmttiieir Chmi. WilHam lirTM^Irhur, ^iUiwieK I^tc, Roh^rt 
Mmemey, Joim Wifiimi£. Wminn TJrie. J«ivi9r 1*H^. Jiimi« Th<»n>tmi, 
JamflB Buiiil»&, Bsmiiel CoRby. Firnnek; Oocik, Hfvnry Fok. JMivi Ttnui^- 
ton, John Perrm. lekm Fox, JcdiTi NicdMi^Miii. IhwiMfis '9lNKf)^6l^^d. 
Honitto Wiiitn^. Mnifi Bimrell. Js&miB WliUkq;, WitliMi Fo\, 3f^\\ 
Ihzon. Gbcrter B. Foataoie. Hugb Honderscm. Johvi T»toR^ H^min* Wlilt- 
ifig. Au^^oBtin OHrfer, CMenum BtaMiB, TImmrhis f^Wm^xt^rrs. J<^ti ^Sfmki* 
iiig, JsBflP Bbran, Bvarael BioMb. TiiiMBwt Tm^ie, WillinW) K-^mln^- 
lukm, JmflMB Ta^FiuBi. Gmt^ Sbaeirattoni. TImmikr Whiting, Willlttwi 
WUiiamB, ^Eobsrt finoMicrFB, J«ooi> BumAeim. 


Woods to the Oovshnoil ah^. ^m 

Tliere wmB a prorision wstuni (for the fiwt pnrt of tlw* l»*t y«ftr\ tof Ohio 
Liieul. WeDs' detmc^ment of Sangers, wfaicb waf% dmwn agr9>^bk t^ 
tbe pmj-roll, wbicfa was retunied at the tame timo. Tliey w^^it^ <mrrHyt 
by Mr. C^iarieB WeHs, and when ChpL McOoIlock waft aftorward^ 4<^wn 
at Richmond, be saw all tbe otber paiK^TR relative to tbe busimwA hni 
tbe said prorision return, wbicb Mr. Coloman was not able tbe^ti %6 lay 
bis band on. I sbonld be ^lad to know il it iit fiino^ fbnnd. Tf not, I will 
tbank yoar £xcelloncy for fhrtbor inHtmctiom^ in tbe b<i»inoffi^. T^fv»- 
vision returns were forwardod by Mr. I>avios' a^nt frowi tbe cowntfo^ 
of Harrison and Randolph, wbicb I am informed wore impr«^^>erly <^ve 
cuted. If so, I will see tbat proper oties are forwarded by tbe de)<^ates 
ibis next session. I would be glad il your Rxcelleney wrmM order me 
payment for the amount provisioa return before mentioned. IVt^iapi^ 
if there is not money in tbe treasury, an order on Mr. Smith o! WtW- 
chester, given to Capt. McOullock, on bis return be wtHild be able to 
procure me tbe money, which would much oblige, 

Your, Ae. 

Arthur Campbrll to thb Govrhhoh. \\\^, ^\n\ 

It seems from what will be the operation of the laU MtUiia taw, ibal VVuMhltigtoH 
it is defective in its formation. It is a nooetsary attribute of MilltRry 
Organization that its operation should have colerlty ahd efttt^tuHi^yi 
The old law, had not the acts of the general government tntet*Vtfned« neenis ^ 


1794. best calculatod for tho iiiilitia of Virginia, when the counties bad a 
Aug. 2Ist direct communication with tho Executive. 

The chief of tho State could inspire an ardour a military spirit that 
none of his subalterns can effect. They may want comprehension and 
activity of mind, or they may be too far removed from the objects of 
their command. 

These reflections occur from observing that the commander-in-chief 
has done his part of the duty of having the eleven thousand men, this 
Slate's quota, in a train of preparation for actual service; but not a line, 
not an order has reached this District from the Major-Gcneral of the 
Division, or the Adjutant of tho State. The summer season will soon 
terminate. A formidable Insurrection has taken place in adjoining 
state. The federal army has made movements that may decide the 
question of peace or war with the British, and open war has taken place 
with the creek Indians. In all these commotions, our state can not be 
indifferent; in short, the militia ought to bo in a capacity for active 
preparation, if it were only to keep up that character of respectability 
which in former wai'S the Big Knife always maintained. 

About two weeks ago, Governor Blunt by a runner of the Cherokee 
Nations, received intelligence that some thing upwards of one hundred 
Creek Indians were on their march to attack that part of frontier of the 
Territory that lay bordering on Clinch River, and that they were bend- 
ing their course to cross the Tennessee near the mouth of Hiwassee. 
On receiving these, he oi*dered out a Captain and his company, all 
mounted, to reconnoitre. On their Scout the Captain took one course to 
make discoveries, and the Lieutenant with 36 men another. 

On Thursday, the 14th inst., at about 12 or 15 miles from the Fort 
called South-west point, (mouth of Clinch) Lieut. McClelland fell in with 
a large party of Indians. A furious action ensued, and so close at times 
that Tomhakes were thrown by the Indians. Our men stood by — other 
like veterans, but was at last constrained by superior numbei's to re- 
treat, but with so good a countenance that the enemy did not pursue. 
Seventeen of tho Detachment was missing the last accounts, but it was 
hoped several would yet come in as thej' were noticed to move off be- 
fore tho action was over, supposed to be wounded. Almost all those 
that has come in, had bullets through their cloathes. The Lieutenant 
had nine and escaped unhurt. 

A Mr. Cunningham, late a citizen of this State, was known to have 
killed two Indians, and at the instant of the retreat was engaged close 
quarters with a third, making a dexterous use of a large knife. This 
brave man is missing. The Lieutenant was a Virginian, late from 
Botetourt. I have been something lengthy in this account, knowing 
that you understand such matters, and to prove that not only in fight- 
ing Europeans, but also Indians, to fight in order, to advance in order, 
& to retreat in the same way, always contribute to victory or safety. 
A few days before oo another quarter, a small party of Creeks were 


defeated by Sergeant Tow nley of the Federal troops who had friendly 
Cherokees with him and a few soldiers. They took one scalp. It will 
be favorable to us in this war, that the whole of the Chiekasaws and 
about half of the Cherokees will take an active part against the Creeks. 
A Kentucky Traveller reports, that the advance of the federal army 
nnder General Scott, near the Miomi of the Lake had an action with the 
Indians, and beat them off the ground, making considerable slaughter. 
Our loss consisted chiefly in federal troops on foot. The mounted In- 
fantry unexpectedly attacked the enemy in flank and rear. 

I am, &c. 



Aug. 21st 

Miles King to the Qovernor. 

Aug, 2l8t 

When I was last at Richmond I did inform you the Cash allowed for Hampton 
the French Emigrants had been out for some time, & 1 was in advance 
for them. I have reduced the number to ten. These want much to re- 
turn to the West Indies, where a vessel will sail in ten days. The Cap- 
tain is willing to take the whole with him, but will not do it under fifly 
pounds. The Emigrants have made of a Friend to pay Half. One * 
hundred dollars is wanting to pay their passages and money to lay in 
provisions. Will not it be best to pay tbe Hundred Dollars and lay in 
provisions and be clear of them, as I fear they will not be much benefit 
to this county as they are on the wrong side with us in politicks. If 
cash is not to be had, I will pay the passage, &c., if it will meet with 
tbe appropriation of your Board, please to have it laid before the 
Board as soon as convenient and let me know. If they miss the passage 
it may be some time before another offers. 

In the destruction of the Noi'folk Distillery the last war, the county 
paid for the houses and fixtures six thousand pounds. Of course the 
stills belong to the Commonwealth, one of which is now in this county, 
and claimed by Alexander Love, and I do suppose be has the otber one. 
I think he cannot have the least claim to either of them. The agent 
for this District ought to have some information on the subject, and the 
still in this county will be put in his possession on bis making applica- 
tion. And the ***** 

With very great respect, your, &c. 

Robert Preston to the Governor. 

Application for commission as Sheriff of Washington. 


Aug. 22d 






Aug. 22d 


Simon Morgan to thb Governor. 

T am Borry that I am prevented by my indisposition from attending 
the Board agreeable to your direction. I shall, however, attend in Rich- 
mond at as early a period as my state of health can possibly admit. All 
the information that is in my power to give the General Officers com- 
posing the Board to settle the rank of Field officcra, can be obtained 
from Mr. Coleman; and if it should be considered necessary in my 
absence to have a Deputy, I wish Mr. John Stewart to act in that capac- 
ity, who will undertake the business. It would give mo much satisfac- 
tion to attend agreeable to your orders, and should be much obliged to 
you to transmit me by the most early opportunity, a copy of the pro- 
ceedings of the Board. Inform me whether I am to attend the detach- 
ment ordered out in my official character. 

I have, &c. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 

To Charles Teberghin, 



To my services as Provost Marshal upon the trial of 
Capt. John McCullock by a Court-Martial in the 
Town of West Liberty, six days at 78. 6d. per day 
allowed by the Court, 

£1. 17. 6. 

I do hereby certify that the above allowance to the clerk and Provost 
Marshal was approved by the court-martial held for the trial of Capt. 
John McCullock the 11th Instant. Given under my hand this 23d of 
August, 1794. 


Prest. of Court-Martial. 

The Auditor, Richmond. 

Aug. 23d 

Thomas Mathews to the Governor. 

I acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's letter of the 18th in- 
stant with its enclosure. 

It is with great regret that I inform you, that the process issued 
against the Schooner Non Pariel has not been served. The Schooner 
had for some day's previous to the receipt of the process been removed 
to the neighborhood of Crany Island, and beyond the reach of any of 


the cannon at Fort Nelson. At the i*equeht of the Deputy Marshal, I 
attended him for the purpose of seeing the process executed, but on our 
arrival near the vessel we were forbid to approach — the officer declar- 
ing that the orders he had received from his Captain were, to admit no 
Boat whatever to board the Schooner. Mr. Hunter, the Marshal, then 
enquired if the Captain was on board, declaring that he had a process fi*om 
the Judiciary of the United States against the Vessel. The Officer replied 
that the Captain was not on board, and again repeated his prohibition that 
we should not be permitted to approach nearer. At this time, forty or fifty 
men presented themselves on the Gun whale of the Vessel with their 
boarding Pikes in hand. I informed them that we should not, as we 
were situated, attempt to board them and retired. 

I felt very strongly for the indignity offered to the Law, & was de- 
termined, if called on by the Coll. or Marshal, to take the most effectual 
measures to enforce obedience. 

The Collector, the Marshal and myself repaired to the Fort shortly 
after for the purpose of sending to Crany Island and Lambert Point 
two twenty-four pounders on each to prevent their retreat, but we were 
much disappointed when we heard from Capt. Hannah that they had 
neither Cartridges, Spungos, Rammers, Prickers or Horns. The Collec- 
tor then declined, calling on me officially for the aid of the Military, 
supposing it better to decline any effort unless it could be attended with 
probable success. In thi« I concurred with him. I have been particu- 
lar in stating this business, in hopes that measures will be taken to en- 
able the Officers of Government to enforce obedience to the laws. 


Aug. 23d 

I am, &c. 

William Lindsay to the Governor. 

Previous to the receipt of your letter of the 18th, the Schooner Non- 
pareil had removed towards Crany Island. I delivered the Deput}' 
Marshal the process against her on the afternoon of the 20th, & the next 
day he attempted to serve it, but was prevented from going on board by 
the crew. Immediately on his return, he informed me of the circum- 
stances, when I consulted with General Mathews on what measures 
were to be taken. He was of opinion with me, that any attempt that 
could be made with the Militia would in all probability be rendered in- 
effectual, and that to hazard an unsuccessful attempt would be im« 

The schooner went off that evening. 

Aug. 23d 




I am, &c. 


1794. William Pbnnock to thb Governor. 

Aug. 24th Being appointed Naval Agent, I have been looking out the most 
Norfolk proper place to set up the Frigate proposed to be built in Virginia, and 
finding none so fit as the Public property at Gosport. Having made 
some contracts for Timber, it is necessary a yard should be immediately 
inclosed. Tou will much oblige me by informing me as soon as possible 
whether I may take possession of the property above mentioned that 
we may go to work immediately. 

I am, &e. 

Aug. 25th H. Knox to the Governor. 

War Your Excellency's letter of the 2d instant, was duly received; in 

Department ^iiich you say, "I wrote to you or the Secretary of State from Norfolk 
on the subject of the vessel belonging to the British Consul, and taken 
possession of by Gen. Matthews for reasons assigned by that officer to 
mo and transmitted to you. This vessel will be ruined unless owned by 
some one soon." 

It^ does not appear upon the most thorough examination that either 
the Secretary of State or myself have received the letter to which the 
above extract alludes. I pray, therefore, that you would have the good- 
ness to state the circumstances to the Secretary of State, as I shall be 
absent for some time, and he will attend thereto. The British Minister 
indeed complained to the Secretary of State that a vessel had been strip- 
ped of her sails upon some idea of her sailing contrary to the embargo 
which then existed. 

In case that circumstances unfortunately should more strongly than 
at present indicate, the idea of our being involved in a war, the armed 
vessels will be resorted to for the protection of our bays. But at present 
the President does not conceive himself warranted in going to any 
exponce upon that subject. 

I have, &c. 

Aug. 25th General Orders. 

Richmond, August 22nd, 1794. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Wells, commandant of the twenty-ninth regiment, 
composed of the militia of Isle of Wight, is arrested by oi*der of the 

A General Court-Martial (consisting of one Brigadier-General^ four 


Lieutenant ColonelB Commandanta, four Majors, and foar Captains) is 1794. 
hereby directed to be assembled at the city of Williamsburg, on the Aug. 25th 
13th day of September next, for the trial of Lioutcnant-Colenel Wells, 
Commandant of the 29tb Regiment. 

The fourth division will furnish the members constituting this court, 
whereof Brigadier Young is appointed President. 

The gentlemen are requested to be punctual in their attendance, as 
the President will be ordered to proceed upon the trial at the hour of 
eleven in the forenoon. 

By the Commander-in-Chief. 

Attest : 


This copy was enclosed in GenU Young's letter. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Wells, of Isle of Wight: 

You will receive herewith the General orders of this date, together 
with a copy of the charges for which you are arrested. 

You will of course consider yourself in arrest, and consequently sus- 
pended from the use of every authority vested in you by the commis- 
sion with which you have been honored, until the termination of your 

You will also receive copies of blank summons which you will use to 
bring forward all such evidence before the court-martial as you may 
deem material to yourself. 

W. Tate to the Governor. Aug. 26th 

I have nearly completed the distribution of the money with which I Washington 
was intrusted, and have hopes will be able to give satisfaction to the county 
Executive respecting that business. Capt. Lewis' company received 
4,228 dollars, which was the proportion due to them, and the Captain 
out of favor to his men, suffered them to receive their full proportions 
as they were in groat want of the money notwithstanding he had 
claims against a number of them for money he had advanced and neces- 
saries he had furnished to the amount of three thousand and thirty>nine 
dollars, which is nearly the amount of what is now due to Captain Lewis' 
Company, for which he has furnished me with orders from the soldiers 
and might have demanded the greater part of the money agreeable to 
instructions delivered me, but from the solicitation of his men he chose 
to wait for his money thus advanced until the next payment But 
from an unexpected change in his affairs, he is now very much pressed 
for the money he might have had in his possession, and says he fears 


1794. will suffer much for want of it. If therefore the state of the treasury 
Aug. 26th will enable him to receive the amount of his claims as herein stated, it 
would greatly relieve him from his present difficulty. The soldiers re- 
ceive the bank notes with reluctance, and none being of less dignity 
than 50 dollars, it is difficult to get change. 

Sir, I am, &c. 

Aug. 27th John Stewart to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Adjutant- The orders of the 22d arc complied with in the following manner : 

^^flf*^** The four brigades composing the fourth division are each directed to 

Richmond furnish one of the Colonels, one major, and one captain, containing in 

toto the exact number of members necessary to constitute the general 

Court-Martial to be holden in the city of Williamsburg, on the 13th of 

the next month. 

Seeing that this arrangement goes to a full compliance with the 
orders of the Commander-in-Chief, it is humbly conceived that without 
usurping the exercise of a very important power, the adjutant general 
can go no further; and that if, (to prevent the possibility of the object 
being defeated by the non-attendance of a sufficient number of officers 
to constitute the court-martial) any additional number of officers is 
deemed necessary, a special order of the Commander on the execution 
will be furnished him. 



Point of I s®'^^ ^y ^^' Alloway my acc't for provisions furnished till the 1st of 
Fork Sept., which I hope will be paid to him. Should it so happen that there 
is no money in the Treasury you was pleased to say you would give me 
an order to the Sheriff of Fluvanna. Your Excellency will much oblige 
me by directing Mr. Alloway what to do with the Auditor in order to 
obtain the money or order on the Sheriff (the money will be far most 

I would not trouble you so far on this subject had you not promised 
your attention when I saw you last. 

I think it would be advisable in the Hon. the Executive to think 
something of the supplies of the post after my contract ends, which is 
the 11th of January next (a very unreasonable time for contracts of 
the kind to be made). I am willing to continue the contract till the 
10th of June next, which will be a more proper time for such contracts 
to be entered into. If the Executive should not think proper to order 
a oontinuaDoe of the contract till June next, I think it would be ad- 


Tiaable to open m new one in September or earlr in October to eontinoe 17M. 
the 11th oi Janiuunr. This wooM ^re the Contnetor time to lav in Aqf.29lh 
his provisions in the cheap season ot the rear. I mentioned the sab> 
ject to Major Qnariess who tells me *tis probable that matters will be so 
arranged, that each man or each Mess will find themselros. 

I am sore in my own mind that the BxecatiTe will not adopt such a 
measure for several reasons that might be advanced. I have always 
conceived that the object of the board in employing a Contractor was 
to prevent any loss of time and attention by the Supt. and the men em- 

With submission to their bitter judgment^ I have^ Ac, 


Your Express arrived here to-day with sundry letters addressed to Morgantown 
the care of Mr. Thomas Wilson, who happened Lot to be at home; 
thinking it right ^in this alarming time) I received the papers and 
Passed a receipt for them. Mr. Wilson will be home to-morrow, and 
no doubt will send them instantly forward to their address. 

We are all in this, Harrison and Randolph Counties in Peace, and 
also Ohio with some exceptions. A state of neutrality is all we are 
able to support, and indeed we are, in this town, much threatened even 
for Ij'ing still by our Powerful neighbors. However, I trust wo will 
support it until Government takes measures to bring about Peace. The 
Commissioners who attended at Pittsburg by order of the President of 
the United States, and also by order of the Governer of Penn'a have 
met, but nothing bath yet transpired that can be relied upon. A com- 
mittee of 12 men of the insurgents met them, and it is reported that no 
terms but a repeal of the excise will be accepted by the People; how- 
ever, this is only report. 

I am, &c. 

J. Ambler to the Governor. Aug, 28th 

The enclosed letter, received by last night's mail from Mr. Secretary Treasury 
Kandolph, must, I presume, have been intended to be laid before the 
Hon. the Executive. I therefore do myself the honor to transmit it. 

Having no information as to the amount of the arrearages of Taxes 

now due, nor when they may be expected to be brought into the 

Treasury, I cannot even conjecture when we shall be in a situation to 

comply with the claim on this State on account of the federal Buildings. 

At present we have two thousand dollars in the public Chest, and there 

are claims daily brought in to a great amount. 

I am, &c. 
[Enclosed not found.] 


1794. Cit7 of Washington, Aug. 27th, 1794. 


Aug. 28th Since the Commissioners Separated, circumstances have appeared 

which induce me to trouble 3'ou on the subject of the money payable by 
the State of Virginia on the 3rd Donation. These circumstances are of 
such a nature as to admit of no delay in the payment without consider- 
able risk of material injury to the City. 

1 have, &c. 
His Excellency Governor Lee. 

Aug. 28th Thomas Peter to 

Cabin Waiving his right to the Sheriffalty of Surry and recommending Wm. 

SurS'iSinty Edwards for same. 


Aug. 30th John Hopkins to the Governor. 

Richmond The enclosed letter was transmitted to me by Mr. Carroll, one of the 
Commissioners of the city of Washington, at the same time desiring I 
would acquaint him the prospects of payments from the State on the 
third donation to that city. It will therefore be very pleasing to me to 
be informed when I may expect a payment on the President's warrant 
for this object that I may give the desired information. 

I have, &c. 

Aug. 30th Hugh Caperton to the Governor. 

I had the honor to write to you by Mr. Breckenridge, respecting the 
trial had on me before a Court Martial, and demanding a rehearing in 
Consequence of my not having an opportunity of completely defending 
myself, as very material witnesses could not be procured on the trial. I 
have the honor now again of repeating the same request, to justify me 
in which 1 take the liberty of inclosing certain affidavits which will 
show your Excellency my innocence of charges that seemed to be left 
in doubt before the Court Martial, not being able to procure testimony 
on those points at that time, charges in their nature, if true, are not 
only sufficient to disgrace me as an Officer, but go to the destruction of 
my character as one of the community. It therefore behoves me to 
avoid no opportunity to place my character in that point of view it 
ought to stand, for feeling the innocence of my intentions in every of my 
conduct throughout the whole transaction, it can not be other than ex- 
treme mortification to me, that I should be charged with such criminal 


offences. These feelings then I hope will plead my excuse for the 1794. 
solicitude I discover on the occasion. Aug. 30th 

The particular charge which was left most in douht. and which most 
severely wounds my feelings is, the charge of the extraordinary trans- 
fer of certain Sold iei*8, and verifying the dates of their enlistment on 
the first day of December, 1792, as if in the County of Kanawha, when 
at the same time, I was in the County of Greenbria. Perhaps on first 
view of the subject, it may wear an aspect which explanation will disi- 
pate. Your Excellency will observe by the affidavit of Reuben 
Slaughter, one of the men named in the charge relative to the extraor- 
dinary transfer, that on his application to be enlisted I agreed to the 
en liftmen t, but on the same, observed that he could only draw pay from 
the time of enlistment; but being some time afterwards told by Col. 
Clcndenin, the Muster Master, that the said Slaughter had been in ac- 
tual service and was Mustered by him as on the 15th of March, this being 
the case, and under the idea of Slaughter's being enlisted either by 
some of the Sabaltorns or by their directions, I could not give any other 
opinion than that the time of mustering would regulate the pay, and 
therefore, if any fraud or misconduct has been committed, it was done 
by the Muster Master who was appointed by the Executive, and not by 
myself. Your Excellency will also observe by the other depositions, that 
I proved the enlistment of the soldiers of extraordinary transfer, only as a 
list delivered to me by the Muster Master, and as I thought under the 
authority of the order of Council, which directed that the muster rolls 
must be verified by the oaths of the commanding officers of the several 
Detachments. This also was the opinion of Col. Lewis with whom I 
advised at the time, having scruples on the occasion; and in conse- 
quence of these scruples, made those reservations in my affidavit that 
are alluded to in the depositions. Col. Lewis is ready to verify this 
conversation, and would have done it on a former occasion, but supposed 
that the list he forwarded would fully answer my purpose in relation to 
it. After this explanation, aided by the enclosed affidavits, I trust 
there will be little doubt on your Excellency's mind of my innocence. 
In order more fully to manifest this, I solicit you. Sir, who have always 
discovered a promptitude to promote justice and defend the injured, to 
direct another Court Martial to take up the subject, before whom I am 
so satisfied of my being able honorably to acquit myself, that I feel no dis- 
position to shrink from the enquiry. My object, Sir, is to justify my- 
self to the World, and a rising family who may be injured by the stigma 
that may be placed on me. As to myself, my conscience acquits roe in 
every particular. I shall, therefore, avoid any advantage I might have 
by the forpier Court Martial, being in part composed of members who 
were not in commission, in part junior Officers to myself, and before 
whom testimony was received by affidavits that bad neither time or 
place inserted, and not taken before a Justice of the Peace. 




1794. I Bay, sir, I mean to take no advantage of these errora and omissions, 

Aui;. .'^h but desire a fair and impartial investigation into the business. This I 

trust will be denied no citizen of this country who conceives himself 

injured, but that the doors of justice will be open to him while he has a 


Under these impressions, I shall rest satisfied till I have the pleas- 
ure of hearing from your Excellency. 

I have, &c. 

August 18th, 1794. 
Kanawha County, to-wit : 

This day Reuben Slaughter, at the request of Captain Hugh Ca- 
perton, came before me, Andrew Donnally, and made oath that some 
time on the last of April or first of May, 1792, that he applied to Capt. 
Hugh Caperton to list in his company of volunteer militia, which said 
Caperton agreed to, but refused (after being asked) that he should have 
pay only from the time of enlistment, but shortly after he was in the 
presence of Colonel Clendenin and Captain Caperton, and the same sub- 
ject was, namely, that of pay trom the 15th of March, which was con- 
cluded on as the said Slaughter had been in actual duty some time be- 
fore the arrival of said Caperton, and as near as he could recollect, Col. 
Clendenin said ho had mustered, and would return him as mustered, 
from the said 15th of March, which said Caperton said would regulate 
the pay, and then received him as a soldier in his company ; and he further 
saith that there appeared nothing to injure or defraud, either Common- 
wealth or any individual thereby, and that he never asked leave of Cap- 
tain John Morris, or considered himself under any obligations as a sol- 
dier in said Morris' company, except on any immediate invasion. 
Sworn to before me this 18th of August. 


Kanawha, to-wit: 

This day Samuel Henderson came before me and on his oath do 
say he was present at the house of Colonel Donnally on the 3d day of 
March, 1793, where he heard Capt. Caperton repeat to Colonel Clendenin 
his doubts respecting the way the said Clendenin had made and proved 
the muster roll. 

Clendenin said it was dun wright, he would maintain, or words to 
that effect. Caperton said he feared it would operate against him, and 
would much rather go to the point and have Colonel Lewis to do it. 
Caperton, he believed, wished to have it dun right from the way he ex- 
pressed himself. 

Given under my hand 18th August. 



Kanawha, to-wit: 1794. 

This day Lewis Booton came before me, a Justiec for said county, Auj:. :U>th 
and on bis oath do say that on the 3nl day of March, 1793, at the houae 
of Colo. Donnalh-, Capt, Caperton Requested him to call upon a Justice 
of the peace to please to come into s\I Donnally's Room — Caperton did 
not direct him to call any particular Justice— only as ho wislied to piX)vo 
a muster Roll. Your Deponent do say he executed therequCvSt. Lananl 
Morriss came into the said Room when Caperton was, in onier to swaro 
Caperton to bis muster Roll. Caperton observed to Mr. Morriss bo 
could not sware actcarratly to the inlistment stated in said roll, But 
could swear from the list on Return made By the Colo's Clondinen and 
Lewis, or words to that Effect. 

Your Deponent do further say, Caperton informed him previous to 
the 3rd day of March, 1793, ho could not swaro to tho Date of tho in- 
listment of the men in his company i^olls in tho County of Kanawha, 
only from a List given him by Clondinen and Lewis. 

Your Deponent Do further say, Captorton allwa3'8 apporod to be very 
re.serve in giving Testimony before and at that time so far as his ac- 
quaintance extended. 

Sworn to before m© this 19th August, 1794. 


19th August, 1794. 

Kanawha, to-wit: 

This day Andrew Ilatfiold, a corporal in Capt. Caporton*8 Com- 
pany of volunteer militia, in 1793, came before mo, and on his oath do 
say he was at the house of Colo. Donnally on tho 3rd day of March, 
1793, where Lenard Morriss, Esqr., was about to qualify sM Caperton to 
a muster Roll. S'd Morriss appered to bo in a great hurry, and men- 
tioned something Respecting the oath Caperton should take. Caperton 
refused, and said ho would swaro himself. I had often, previous to his 
proving said Roll, heard tho said Caperton say ho had not Listed him- 
self any part of his company mustered in tho county of Kanawha. 
Sworn before mo tho date above written. 


20th August, 1794. 

Kanawha County, to-wit: 

This day Laban Booton came before mo, a Justice for said County, 
and on his oath do say, Some time in 1792 ho was present with Colo. 
Clendenin, Colo. Lewis, and Capt. Caperton at Point Pleasant at a time 




1794. a Deed ware acknowledged, Lewis to Stewart. The Colo's Clendenin 
Aug. 30th and Lewis Delivered to s*d Caperton a list that he understood contained 
the names of Andrew Donnally, SenV, Andrew Donnaliy, Jn'r, Ruben 
Slaughter, and Edw'd McCleery, togather with those Lewis had mus- 
tered as part of s'd Caperton's Company, being Lt. Cooper's Detach- 
ment. Your Deponent thinks he had often heard Colo. Clendenin inform 
Capt. Caperton he had Listed and mustered s'd four men as part of his 
Company on the 15th of March, 1792. Your Deponent hoard Capt. 
Caperton say, if they wore mustered on that day it would Regulate 
their pay. 

Your Deponent further say, he has heard s'd Caperton say he could 
not prove his roll only from the Returns made to him Respecting the 
enlistment. This 1 have offen heard Capt. Caperton say previous to his 
proving any of his muster Rolls. 

Your Deponent always thought Capt. Caperton very reserved in his 
conduct in every respect as an officer before and at that time. 


Sworn before me, the 20th da}'' of August, 1794. 


Greenbrier, to-wit: 

This day James Eelly came before me, and on his oath do say, he 
was first Sergeant in Capt. Caperton's company in 1792; generally had 
his list in possession; never knowed any kind of transfer in said com- 
pany; never heard of it till Colo. Steele came. Your Depo't has often 
heard Colo. Clendenin say he had mustered Andrew Donally, Sen'r, An- 
drew Donally, Ju'r, Reuben Slaughter, and Edward McCleery as part of 
Capt. Caperton's company on the 15th of March, 1792; and has heard 
said Clendenin say Capt. Wm. Morris wished him to muster four men, 
he, your deponent understood, said Morris had engaged. Clendenin said 
them four men he would not receive into Capt. Caperton's company, and 
further said the four men never came before him for that purpose. Your 
deponent was at the house of Colo. Donnally on the 3rd of March, 1793, 
and heard Capt. Caperton repeatedly express to Colo. Clendenin his 
doubts respecting the way said Clendenin had made and proved his 
muster Roll, and said he would much rather go to the point and have 
Colo. Lewis to do it, and thinks he heard Capt. Caperton ask said Clen- 
denin why the Rolls, he the said Caperton had Delivered him did not do. 
Clendenin said one Roll was fully sufficient. Capt. Caperton said there 
ought to be two, and made agreeable to a precedent gave to him by the 

Capt. Caperton still expressed an uneasiness, and said he feared it 
would operate against him, and said he would not for a thousand pounds 
have any derangement in his Business. Clendenin in Return said : My 


Dear Sir, I would not do anything wrong for the same, or words to that 1794. 
effect, and said Colo. Lewis gave him a power to do so, and said Col. Aug. 30th 
Lewis had been up a few days before and Requested him in a particular 
manner to do anything in his name Respecting said Roll, and said he had 
a right to do it his own way as he was muster master and know how to 
do business as well as the Executive, and had transcribed Rolls in the 
same manner. Often your deponent has heard Capt. John Morris say 
he did not know how many men he commanded in his Company, as 
Colo. Clendenin Inrolled who he pleased. Your deponent's reason for 
asking was, he heard Col. Donnally say, the two subaltern officers, Lewis 
and Shaw, Informed him they did not know that they had a Captain, 
or that John Morris had any command of them until the muster Roll 
was made, which I understood was about the Expiration of the Service. 
He understood the said Roll was made out by Colo. Clendenin, notwith- 
standing they were stationed within a few miles of where said Morris 
lived, and the said Morris informed me he drew Captain's pay in said 
year, which was previous to 1792. 

The two rolls before mentioned, delivered by Capt. Caperton to Col. 
Clendenin were made by Robert McKee and your deponent previous to 
the third of March, 1793, and said Caperton directed said McKee and 
your deponent to be very careful in fair duplicates of the original rolls 
which we then had before us, as he would not for the amount have any 
derangement in that business. He said they were fair duplicates of his 
original rolls. Your deponent was present at a time depositions was taken 
between the Commonwealth and said Capt. Caperton, when said Caper- 
ton asked Colonel Clendenin what conversation passed when he proved 
bis original roll before A. Prior, Esquire. Clendenin mentioned that 
Capt. Caperton had scruples, and Lewis and Caperton walked in the yard. 
Then Clendenin observed to your deponent that he would do a damned 
clever thing, or words to that effect; and take in the Executive by con- 
solidating the two companys, to- wit: Caperton's and Morris', and swore 
he was touching them hard, though on a different subject, as he was 
giving testimony between the Executive and said Caperton. Your de- 
ponent mentioned the same to Caperton the same day. Caperton ob- 
served to your deponent and said let him go on, he is a cursed rascal. 
The Executive will discover what Clendenin is, before all is done. Your 
deponent discovered a disposition to make Clendenin the militia busi- 
ness look more respectable, than to do justice to the subject, to which 
he was sworn. 

Your deponent is of opinion that Capt. Caperton wished to do noth- 
ing but impartial justice. 

Sworn to before me this 30th day of August, 1794. 




Aug, 30th 

30lh August, 1794. 
Montgomery, to-wit: 

This day James Laeey came before me, a justice for said county, 
and on his oath do say he was a corporal in Capt. Caperton's company 
of Volunteer militfa in 1792, was mostly stationed at Capt. John Mor- 
ris'; often had the opportunity of seeing and inspecting said Morris' 
list of soldiers; never see the name of Andrew Donnally, Sr., Andrew 
Donnally, Jr., Reuben Slaughter, or Edward McCleery on the said list; 
but see the above names on the list of said Capcrton. Your deponent 
always thought Caperton truly impartial in all his conduct as an officer. 
On the contrar3', always thought Col. Clondenin designing and parshal, 
and had grate influence with Capt. John Morriss. 

Your deponent has heard said Morriss say he could not write a word 
or letter. 

Sworn to before me, 


Aug. 3l8t 



I have the honor of representing to you that an English Frigate, the 
Terpsichore, is actually anchored in Hampton Roads, having with her a 
French pnze, and that this refuge is absolutely contrary to Article the 
XVII. of the Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between France and 
the United States. It is my duty as Vice Consul of the French Repub- 
lic, earnestly to request your Excellenc\' that you will order that the 
Frigate, the Terpsichore, go without delay from Hampton Roads, and 
oven the limits of the United States. I will observe to your Excellency 
that this Frigate has not been forced to enter that river by any tempest 
or danger at sea, and that she has no more the right of remaining here 
than she had of taking refuge here. 

Accept my respect. 

Aug. 31st 



C. M. Thurston to the Governor. 

I find some of the Escheators are proceeding to collect the rents on 
lands claimed by the Commonwealth, even where no office has been 
found, and this under the resolution of Council of the 15th instant. I 
shall be glad, therefore, of advice whether this be the meaning and in- 
tention of the Council with respect to that part of the Manor of Leeds 
and other lands within my jurisdiction as Escheator, and whether I am 
to proceed to the collection accordingly and by legal compulsory 


I have, &c. 


Edward Carrington to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. 1701. 

Since my interview with the Executive on Saturday on the subject of Sept. Ist 
the militia ot this state destined against the Insurgents in the Western Supervisor's 
part of Pennsylvania, it has occurred upon conversation with Brigadier- Richmond 
Gen'l Marshall that a considerable alteration may be made in the 
arrangement of which we have spoken, greatly expediting, and, perhaps, 
reducing the expence attending their arrival at the places of General 
Hendezvous, viz: Washington and Fort Pleasant. 

Instead of establishing the sub-rendezvous at New London, Staunton 
and Culpeper Court House, it appears to me that it would be best for 
the several Brigadiers from whose Brigades detachments are to be 
drawn, to be furnished each with a sum of money to be estimated ac- 
cording to local circumstances of difference and numbtra, and that they 
be severally instructed and relied upon to cause the necessary provision 
in Rations, forage, and transportation to be made for forwarding their 
respective detachments to such of the places of General Rendezvous as 
the Executive shall think proper to direct. 

The Brigadiers may be authorized to employ each a person as an 
agent in the double character of a quarter- master and commissary, who 
accounts for purchases and issues and wagon hire, lie may correct and 
countersign for settlement by the auditor here. A certain latitude may 
be precribed as to baggage wagons — one for each completed company in 
a detachment will, in my opinion, be amply sufficient for carrying both 
baggage and provisions for the agent, as there will bo no tents which 
make the principle weight of baggage in armies; nor indeed do I sup- 
pose there will be more of camp equippage than will accommodate the 
detachment to the General Rendezvous where I expect tents and other 
camp equippage will be issued from the continental stores. It will be 
borne in mind, and it might be well to mention to the Brigadiers, that 
80 far as camp equipage carried from home is meant to be debited to the 
public, duo return thereof must be made when application is made for 
continental supplies in order that it may reduce the drafts from that 

I expect this evening's mail will bring me a remittance in Bank post 
notes for the purpose of providing for the march of this militia, and 
should the place above proposed be adopted I shall be ready to advance 
to the Executive upon account sufficient for the advances to the Briga- 
diers, and for the purpose of a full consultation on the subject, I shall 
do myself the honor of calling on the Board this forenoon as early as 
the members will be assembled. 

I am well assured that it is the wish of the Executive to take every 
precaution for securing a faithful fulfilment of the calls which have been 
made for militia on this occasion, and also establishing economy in the use 
of supplies of every kind, and in the due return to the continental stores 


1794. of such arm« and military stores, tents and camp equipaic^e as may be 

Sept. l«t drawn from thence for this service and will not have been consumed. 

For these objects it anpears to me that two appointments should attend 

this militia throughout the service,or at least until some officers charged 

with the same duties be met under Federal authority: 

Ist An inspector, whose duty it shall be to take post at Winchester 
in the first instance and to appoint a deputy at Fort Pleasant, should he 
find it necessary, to inspect the detachments as they come and the regi- 
ments and other corps once a week afterwards, not only as to members 
and grades, but as to equipments of every kind weekly; to compare his 
rolls with the books of the contractor or commissary of provisions to 
check the issues. The like comparings may be had between his In- 
spector and the Quartermaster hereafter, who I bog leave, 

2d'ly. To pn)pose shall bo vested with the double character of Quar- 
termaster and Commissary of Military Stores, and to pass alone all re- 
ceipts to the Continental Agents for whatever may be purchased from 
the United States for the equipment of the whole body of Virginia 
militia going out, and who shall be held accountable for the due return 
thereof, so far as shall not have been consumed at the end of the service. 

The Secretary of the Treasury requests me to obtain from the Execu- 
tive an accurate idea what arms and accoutrements, if any, are wanted, 
and is desirous that the demand may be narrowed as much as possible. 
I shall be much obliged by as early information on this point as can be 
had, that there may be sufficient time for supplying the deficiency. 

I have an order on Capt. Holt, the store-keeper at New London, for 

all the arms, ammunition, and accoutrements, and camp equipage in 

his possession, or so much thereof as shall be necessary; and shall take 

measures for their being delivered to your officer as soon as I am 

informed what will be wanted. 

I have, Ac. 

Sept. Ist Petition of John Jones for remittance of tine for non-payment of 
revenue tax in due time. 

Certificate of S. Shepard that the interest, principal, and cost on judg- 
ment against John Jones, sheriff Dinwiddie, was paid prior to July 1st, 

Sei>t. Ist Samuel Hopkins to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

1 was this day honored with your IMspatoh ol 30lh ulto., covering the 

oi*dcrs of that date. 1 shall not lose a moment in having them as fully 

exoouled as I can. 

With great regard, I have, &c. 

N. B. — This dispatch was delivered rac 100 miles from Richmond. 



William Lindsay to the Governor. 

A British Frigate called the Tirpsichore, arrived in Hampton Roads yes- 
terday morning accompanied by a French Privateer Schooner called the 
Montague, a prize to the said Frigate. I have also been informed that a 
British Merchant Vessel, recaptured from the French, put into the 
Roads last evening, and that the master or super cargo of said vessel is 
now in town endeavoring to procure seamen to prosecute their voyage 
to England. What stay these vessels mean to make here I know not. 

I understand that part of the crew of the above Privateer consists of 
Americans, and that they are now confined in irons on board the Frigate. 

I am, &c. 


Sept. Ist 




Bbnj. Wilson to the Governor. 

Yesterday Capt. John Raymond favored me with a sight oi your letter 
to our County Delegates, with your Proclamation on the subject of the 
BebellioD in the State of Pennsylvania. For my own part, I am highly 
pleased with your procedure, as it is Instant Balm to the few who speak 
their sentiments free and open in favor of Government. I believe there 
is but few in the Counties of Harrison, Monongalia and Randolph who 
will dare to appear in arms when the Standard of the United States is 
Displayed at the head of our Federal Army. I find the greater part oi 
the Influential Carracters in the County's above Named, in favor of the 
Excise Law — and none but Col. Geo. Jackson (our County Delegate) 
that have appeared to give Strength or Comfort to the Disafected part. 

Therefore, in duty to the Government and laws that I esteem, To the 
Executive of the State to which I belong, and in answer to a good con- 
science, I must crave your Excellency's Patience until I make a State- 
ment of Circumstances and facts, and in so doing, I shall do my Duty 
and leave the matter with yourself. 

Shortly after the Excise Law was enacted, Mr. Edward Smith, one of 
the Excise Officers, came to this County, at which time I understood by 
Col. Geo. Jackson, he was friendly to the law. Some time afterward he 
declared his intention to hold a pole as a candidate to represent this 
District in Congress. I was informed about this time that some of the 
people in Monongalia and Ohio County were displeased with the Excise 
law. Col. Geo. Jackson after declaring himself, took a Tour making In- 
terest in said two County's, and shortly after his return, I heard he was 
opposed to the Excise Law — which Immediately struck me, his inten- 
tions were to make a bridge of the Excise Law upon which he would 
walk into the house of Congress. When the election came on he was 

within five or lUX votes of being Elected. He has again declared him- 


Sept. 2a 



1794. self, and has been lately down in the said County's of Monongalia & 
Sept. 2d Ohio making Interest against the election to be held in March, 1795, 
and that your Excellency may judge for yourself, I refer you to the In- 
closed papers No. 1 and No. 2, and to the bearer, Mr. Elias Stillwail, 
who I believe has heard Col. Jackson repeatedly express himself on the 
subject of the Excise Law — his own declared intention should he be 
obliged to lift arms — his bringing paper No. 1 into this County, and the 
effect it had on Mr. Black in his Discourse with a Gentleman in this 
place, and the Col. saying ho would, or wished to bo, at the Grand 
Council mentioned m paper No. 1. 

After a survey of these papers, you can judge whether Col. Jackson 
(our County Delegate) is the proper person into whose hands the peace- 
ful Reign of Government ought to be Intrusted, Either in the State or 
General Government. 

Should you discover a propriety, and feel a disposition to have the 

conduct and principles of Col. Jackson Investigated, 1 would not wish 

to appear as Informer or Prosecutor; as my personal security requires 

secrecy, as my name, and the name in paper No. 2 can be concealed, 

and a sufficiency obtained from the Bearer to put the Business in 

motion. I should apprehend that Col. Wm. McCleery, who is the 

Deputy States Attorney in this District, and is well affected, would be 

the proper person. He could be directed to call upon me for the copy 

of papers No. 1 and the Deposition of paper No. 2, together with all other 

Testimony that could be obtained to do the laws of the United States 

and Col. Jackson Justice. 

Please excuse my prolixity. 

I am, &c. 

I expect Col Lowther will write the news of the times. 
[Enclosures not found.] 


Barracki< Petition of Sergeant John Maddox, Blacksmith John Hicks, and 
Drummer John Dillard, at Point of Fork, to draw Rations for wives. 

Sept. 2d Petition of Baker Pkgram. 

Praying remission of fine for failing to render an account of Tobacco 
shipped from Barksdale's to Oct., 1793. 

Sept. 2d Petition of George Pegram. 

Praying remission of fine for not returning the account of To- 
L bacco shipped from Barksdale s warehouse to Oct 1, 1793. 


Charles Hay to Lieutenant-Governor James Wood. 1794. 

The printing of the Revised Code of Laws pursuant to an act of as- Sept. 2d 
sembly passed at the October session, 1792, is nearly completed, and I Richmond 
believe will be finished before the meeting of the General Assembly in 
November next; but before it is concluded, 1 must solicit the advice and 
instructions of the Executive respecting some difficulties which have 
occurred in the business. 

One of the laws passed in 1792, is entitled ^'An act for reducing 
into one the several acts concerning executions, and for the relief of 
Insolvent debtors." This law was to continue in force only until the 
1st of January, 1794, but as it is one of those which was submitted to 
the Assembly by the Revisors, and contains a variety of matter of great 
and general importance to the Community, I presume it was intended 
to form a part of the Code. 

At the last session it was repealed, and re-enacted with two or three 
alterations of considerable Consequence. This law is also a temporary 
one. By the act for the republication of the Laws, I am bound to have 
the Acts of 1792 printed as they were then passed, without regard to 
anything which may have since taken place; but if this is done with 
respect to the act above mentioned, it is evident that many inconve- 
niencies may result from it. I hope, therefore, that the executive will 
say whether I shall leave it out of the Code altogether, or have it prin- 
ted with a note that it has been repealed, and referring to the act repeal- 
ing it, or whether I shall substitute in lieu of it the act of 1793 on the 
same subject. 

The Laws passed in 1792 for regulating the militia, for regulating the 
inspections of Tobacco, and of flour and bread; concerning Juries, &c.; 
concerning the fees ol certain officers ; for ascertaining the salaries of 
the officers of civil Government, and to oblige vessels in certain cases to 
perform Quarantine, were severally amended by acts passed at the last 

The Executive will perhaps think it proper that these acts should be 
printed with those passed in 1792. If this should be their opinion, they 
will bd pleased to give me instructions to that Effect. 

I have, &Q. 

8am. Coleman to the Lieutenant-Governor. Sept. 3d 

The papers alluded to in the '^'inclosed letter is not to be found in the 
bundle of papers containing the remainder of Claims against the Public 
for the defence of the Western frontier. I suspect that it has been for- 

* Enclosed letter not found. 


1794. warded to the Secretary of War without retaining a copy. Perhaps it 
Sept. 3d may bo yet in the Auditor's Office. I will enquire. 

I have, &c. 

8ept 3d Alexander Hamilton to the Governor. 

War As it will b^ highly necessary that the Militia called out by order of 

Deiuirtment ^j^^ Prosidont, agreeably to the Secretary of War's letter of the 7th of 
August last, should be mustered and inspected at their respective ren- 
dezvous, I have to request the favor of your Excellency to appoint some 
suitable character in your State to perform that service, and that the 
roles of Muster and inspection be transmitted to the War Office as early 
as possible. 

I have^ &c. 

Sept 4th William Carter to the Governor and Council. 

Several of the Indians being taken sick since their arrival in this City, 
and quartering in the house I live in, I have attended them and famished 
them with medicine agreeable to their complaint and Reqaeet; there- 
fore I hope youMl see me satisfyed. 


Suppression op Whiskey Insurrection. 

1st division. — Hopkins: To furnish S33 men at a distance upon an 
average fK>m Winchester 200 milef^ for which allowing them to march 
^^ mile^ |>er day, will require 10 days, and five days may be added for 
lost time; say 15 days in the whole to g^t to Winchei^ter after being on 
public ej^pence. Allowing a waggon for every sixty men. 13 waggons 
at 15s. per day, and find themselves :iO day^ out. and returning empty. 
may travel twenty-five miles per day. which will require eight days. 

2S days in the whole will cost, £±M 

$S3 men at 7d. per day each, 15 day^ oS^ 

Kogers Brigade: To furnish t^^; distance, say 170: 9 day« marching 
ami 3 days kvs ot'time will require 1. days. 

As pnnctpli?t»of e«aimaiion for the expence that will attend the march- 
ing vvt the militia m>m the diilerent Bn^dcs in Vinnnia to Winch<«eter 
and OM Fort Fleftsaat or its vicinity* the following may he taken : 

(Z^&iuxiii^s: <inr i^D^in: rj&ffSBS. :S0{ 

l!hac T&s jiiiiiiiiuaiin g^ if mssat nsmt. tms^. ciiltnwmp r^wnHr ihon^ivrt- ll?#lil. 
tiuBF n auiniii0aiiiBi& sikc juinir 77t thxt ub^ 'Haxi ^iiu^ nn^ rimmtl t^ -i^iiit 4Ciii 

iir ^nwHTx- »fll mran :iimtudnu:*aiit ':n«ii!fnrr*iitiinr in TfTnTrminro;. 'imctiiupMt 
ipatem» ilfonir ii :nazim: Haiini:x. nusr -sim^a J5> rniiiei^ lYuir hutv' im^ tihtft 

HI -vaigzniub. HI* tiKPcv iiuL - - ~ « -> « tCHIfJiilt 


Kinir^ MDFaaumt 3krici&Qiap^MaiflaAl SliqzfF nii am ^Htsmuar <n3 Ki^iaiioh, 
^^lUL nanr imtlMtikr r|tt .mnMiwuin inr gimonfflmi lisi asaafdbiig^ iNH^ mmti 
±nMtL am SIxticmqi' it»y Mi«oBt&iiid. Iminc athiiifi *i)f» miiiBi^ iu^^iiwiifi tut <iifiiii l^i. 

4 Tbiif^run SBkC ^srroniHiiiiL ir«i;;iFio» £iiiihic iibfiiiiMikmi> -I «fimi. 

Ji«j?f<i^ T^-3. ITS' Txi: Olol£ 'f^ mix O^nprsDU S^^ Mi 

£xst&srr. libe ^^ctw^mvu Jb}t EBcftlvMJk Oir «imutl ITItt: nAaa Sir. 

bsl trG«k mmtt tMSfOL^rr tibd act «oaBfiAi- wi^Jk like K«<fi!iftQ<Mi nT Lawt 
iiEUi Afnil tiMiru 3736: firc^ viie^ P«mi4 be katfi oMituitMil iW mctamf: 

i^ai ki» rvo jean «pe iMarlj expired. 

Too viH te f4cawid w fofvify tlie jJb»T« IsfenutM* Kd iW H<Mi>A» 

EHizmbeili Citj ocmiitj conru TbarMlav, Jolv f4llu 17M: ^^^^^ ,|l)i 

FmrmoMai vo the Ad of AjennblT in ihmt caw hu^ m»d prmr^liML iW 

afic« <if Skefif of Baid co. 




Sept. 4th 

John Haymond to the Governor. 

I had the pleasure to receive yours of the 20th August with its in- 
closure, and happy to inform you that although some people in this 
county, it is said, have spoken in favor of the distracted Pennsylvanian's 
proceedings — a very great majority are averse to proceedings so 
destructive to good order, and subversive of the rights of a free, inde- 
pendent people. I have lately travelled through that part of Pennsyl- 
vania so unhappily engaged, and find almost a total neglect ot their 
common interest, merely to gratify that spirit of opposition which de- 
prives them of common civility, as they scarcely let a stranger pass 
without insulting him, violating their own liberty pole inscription, the 
first word of which is liberty. 

For the conduct of the emissaries of those unhappy people, I refer 
you to Mr. Stilwell, who, I am informed, was a witness to dissemina- 
tions for which some doubt whether the persons deserve to be punished 
with rigour or not. I hope at least they have met with a check which 
will for the future, deter them from the like conduct. Mr. Stilwell, I 
am informed, is sent by Capt. Louther for money due the poor soldiers 
on our frontiers. I know many of them are in great need of money, and 
as they have hired a man to bring it, I hope, if possible to avoid it. your 
Excellency will not send him away empty. •* 

I have, &c. 

Sept. 5th 





John Hamilton to the Governor. 

I have this day received a letter from Vice Admiral Sir John Jervis, 
a copy of which 1 have the honor to enclose, in answer to one I wrote 
him containing the representation of the complaint which your Excel- 
lency informed me in May last was laid before you. 

I have the honor to be with great respect, Sir, 

Yours, &o. 

Sept. 5th Sir: 


Boyne off Gaudaloupe, 22d July, 1794. 

I have received with a considerable Degree of Surprize the copy of 
a letter you have lately received from the Governor of Virginia. 

I am so well known to one of His family, I did not think it possible 
he could have given Credit to such an unfounded Calumny. Until 1 
received the Representation, I was ignorant of the Detention of the 
Brig in Question. Upon enquiry^ I learn that she was adjudged at St. 


Pierre, but the Cargo was not appropriated to the use of His Majesty's 1794. 
Ships, nor to my knowledge has any thing been taken out of an Sept. 5th 
American Vessel since my arrival in these Seas. On the contrary, the 
Masters and Crews have been treated with kindness, and the same as- 
sistance given to them as to the subjects of Great Britain. St. Pierre 
having been taken by assault in the night, some irregularities may have 
been committed there, but having never received a Complaint upon the 
Subject, I could not possibly apply redress, which I am always disposed 
to do. 

A ship was appropriated for the residence of the Masters and Crews 
of the American vessels, upon a Complaint from them of their Inability 
to bear the expence of living on Shore. They were under no restraint, 
and allowed to go at pleasure to the Continent of America, or to any 
British or neutral Island in the West Indies 

I am, &c, 


John Hamilton, Esq., His Britannic Majesty's Consul, Norfolk. Sept 5th 

We, the subscribers being chosen and appointed by Robert Boarland 
to value and appraise the damages done to ye Public Hospital in the 
Town of Washington, in the Commonwealth of Virginia, by the French 
who has occupied ye said Hospital since July, 1793, to this date, to- wit: 
To Damages done in the East wing, ye rooms being seperately 

valued, £17.16.6 

To 500 feet of flooring plank, planed and grooved, fit for 

laying (o} 30s. per 100, now missing and lost - - - 7.10.0 

To 4 Work Benches destroyed @ 24s. 4.16.0 

To Bricks & Lime destroyed & Loss to Mr. Boarland - - 20.00.0 
To one Pump and Boxes, &c. 2.06.6 

To Damages done to 6,200 feet of Flooring Plank, which the 

French has laid as a floor, ye plank being already wrought, 

planed & Grooved at 208. per 100 - - - - - 62.00.0 

Signed by us this 5 day of Sep., 1794. 






Thomas Chilton to the Governor. 

Rept. 5th Promises to press the Collection of debts due the Commonwealth with 

Fauquier all possible speed, 

Sept. 5th 

Allyn Prior to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

Richmond I am sorry to inform your Excellency that I am under the necessity of 
requesting a second advance from the Public funds to enable me to com- 
plete my contract. I am sorry to add, that it principally arises from an 
unfriendly opposition of Capt. William Morrisey, who had it in his 
power to have supplied me with as much Meal as I should have wanted 
for the Troops, had he been a man actuated by good Principles — so far 
from it, he has denyed me the privilege of his Mill, and has intercepted 
my letters sent forward from Green briar in order to defeat me in the 
execution of my Office. This circumstance has given me additional 
trouble and expence — have to transport my provisions altogether from 
the point, excepting beef, in consequence of his conduct. I hope and flat- 
ten myself that I may be considered and that this representation may 
have due weight with your Excellency and the honorable Board and 
will therefore see cause to grant me a warrant of one hundred pounds, 
which will enable me to perform my office independent of the unfriendly 
part of mankind. The money due the Officers and Soldiers of the 
Volunteer Militia remaining unpaid to whom I have advanced consider- 
able property is also a disappointment I did not expect. 

I have, &c. 

Sept. 5th 


Abram Davenport to the Governor. 

Having last month held an inquisition as Escheator of the county of 
Berkeley, upon four thousand and odd acres of land said to be the prop- 
erty of Mr. Denny Fairfax, it became necessary for me to employ coun- 
cil to advocate the cause of the commonwealth, none being assigned me 
by any existing law. I applied to Messrs. Robert Page and William C. 
Williams, and agreed that if they would attend in Martinsburg for the 
purpose above mentioned, that they should receive twenty-five guineas 
each, which I considered as a reasonable fee, considering the import- 
ance of the cause, and the distance they had to ride, which exceeded 
sixty miles. They both attended me accordingly, and advocated the 
cause. The jury did not agree, there being eleven jurors in favor of 
the Commonwealth, one against. Then permit me to observe that there 
were three gentlemen oi the bar opposed to the commonwealth, and the 


argament of the cause took up the whole day, and the executions of the 1794. 

council employed by me were such as to give me intense satisfaction. Sept. 5th 

I am, &c. 

Daniel Morgan to the Governor. Sept. 7th 

Your letter of the 1st instant was handed me by Express. I per- Saratoga 
lectly understood the orders from the Executive, which Major Parker 
will explain to you. 

I am sorry to tell you that the men don't turn out as I expected, to 
quell this dangerous riot over the mountain. I wished to raise the num- 
ber called tor from the third Division by volunteers, and I yesterday 
made an attempt in Col. Smith's regiment, but did not get the quota. 
Some joined the volunteers after leaving the parade. A few are still 
wanting, but they will be made up. The 5l8t regiment musters to- 
morrow, whare we make a second attempt. If we don't succeed, we \ 
immediately proceed to a Draft. I have not been informed how the 
other Brigades of the 3d Division succeed, but have given orders for an 
immediate draft in case the number is not made up by volunteers, but 
am led to believe that we shall get near the number wanting. I have 
given orders to rendezvous at Winchester the 15th, and wish the arms 
to be sent on that we may be training the men, and withal to serve as a 
cheek upon some parts of this quarter of the country, who seem in- 
clined to favor this revolt. I do assure you, sir, that a number of the 
leading characters in some parts of this country seem very easy about 
quelling this riot, and am told that a number wish to throw cold water 
on this expedition. The people in the frontier of Maryland are very 
refractory. 500 assembled at Hagerstown on Monday last, and set up 
some of their liberty poles in defiance of the well disposed people of 
that place. 

It is my sincere opinion that a delay in this business will be very 
dangerous, therefore the arms ought to be sent on. 

Dr. Scott wishes to be appointed a surgeon in the detachment from 
this state if there is a vacancy. 

I have, &c. 

Thos. Parker to the Governor. gept 7th 

I bad the honor to receive your letter of the 19th ultimo, directing Frederick 

me to furnish you with a report of the progress made in the collection county 

of debts due to the Commonwealth from my district the first week in 




I7M. Ait fu> «ze<niCMHift ha^e e^€r eome fnto nij banda^ I ihink proper to 

^48f^ 'cb {iii4»ntu>o it D> you. ts di«sr« pmbmoij ha^ve been aa omunoa in ibe ofiee 

fiTim vbt^nee tbey were c^ iswui*. or x nii:*#3irr!ai£e on tbe w»r. 

If ^i^^aenU Morzan ^hoalii nuu^h a«r^af»t ioaarscentd I db^Q mccom- 

pany bim, in wbicb ^^sute I ^ba«i depate & proper penoa lo transact my 

hoAiiUMii M sM^enc fi>r the .^CAte La my absieiice, wh«>ie Aii*ire85 I will 

trftAAUit to yon in 'ine uaus. 

I ba^e. Jke. 


.Vpc ^^ Wm. Lowthr to the ^Tovmson. 

Toort by exprena came to band, and I am bappy to inform yon tbat 
ib# peof>ie Off ibid county bave discovered ao di^ipomtlon to aid or abet 
tbe lawlcflH PenaffylTanianii. bat §till continue tbeir attacbment to our 
bappy ^nremment. 

In a letter from General Wool I wm:i desired to forward accurate re- 
tnnM of tbe tituation of ibe Po!§t», kr-. Tbe posts on tbe river are not 
yet all fixed. I wrote different times to Captain Bogard to mareb to 
tbe post ssAigned for bis company at Newberry, a few miles above tbe 
moutb Great Hockbocking. and be bas not complied, and I know not 
tbe reason, but expect it is owing to alarms in bis own county. How- 
•ver, I learn be is now on bis way. 

I bad appointed tbe moutb of Middle Island for Ensign Cobem's sta- 
tion. Ue accordingly roarebed. but tbe place being uninbabited, and be 
destitute of camp kettles, axes, Ac., be was under tbe necessity to return, 
and is now stationed on a very exposed part of tbis county till be can 
be fumisbed witb implements to erect a garrison at tbe place destined 
for bis station, and I beg tbat your Excellency will point out tbe way 
and manner to procure tbem. 

I am advised we are not justifiable in impressing tbem. Tbe upper 
settlement on tbe West Fork of the Monongalia in this county, is the 
only part tbat bas suffered this season, and in order to prevent tbe peo- 
ple from abandoning tbeir habitations, I have been under tbe necessity 
of granting tbem a guard of 10 men. I will further add in justification 
of my conduct tbat were all the posts designed, actually established, yet 
thift part of the county will remain uncovered, as the enemy cross the 
Ohio far below the lowest place designed for a station. 

I have also left tbem two of the scouts for their safety. Should my 
conduct in tbis particular give displeasure, I hope to be speedily informed 
thoroof. During the absence of Cobern and men, the Indians made dif- 
ferent attacks in the settlement above alluded to; took prisoner a young 
woman at one place; at another, killed a lad and took three others; at- 
tacked a third bouse, were repulsed, and returned after killing a number 
of cattle, Ac. — taking no horses, and observing the greatest caution in 
tbeir retreat. 


The party that attempted to pursue them could not. I immediately 1794. 
sent an express to Ensign Jenkins at the mouth of little Kanawha, who Sept. 8th 
discovered where they crossed the river below Belvilie; pursued, over- 
took two Indians — killed one and wounded the other, and recovered the 
scalp of the young woman mentioned above to have been taken. 

I have lately visited all the stations already fixed on the Ohio, and to 
my great satisfaction, found no defect either in spirit, discipline, provis- 
ions, or anything else, but believe the men do their duty like alert sol- 

The Bearer, Mr. Elias Stilwell, is duly empowered by me to receive the 
money from the public due this county for 1793. I hope the papers are 
in due form. Ton will please to consider that we received none of that 
money sent by Gen'l Tate, and it is very expensive to send so great a 
distance and be disappointed, and demands of those interested are 
urgent, and if nothing else can be done you will be so obliging as to 
order warrants to be issued to the general claimants. 

I have, &c. 

About the middle of Nov., 1793. Sept 8th 

Being on a scout with Capt. John McCuUock on the waters of Lick- 
ing Creek, a branch of Muskingum about 60 miles from the forks of 
Muskingum, as near as I can guess, was found two Indian camps. Capt. 
McCullock had 30 men including himself. He divided his party equal, 
and sent Lieut. Biggs to the upper camp with one-half the Men, and 
went to the lower one himself, where he divided his party in three par- 
ties, and sent Ensign Morgan to his right round the camp, and sent 
three men over the creek, and ordered both parties to go as near the 
camp as they could without being discovered, and lay on 'til it was day- 
light; and he himself advanced within about forty or fifty yards of the 
camp, and we lay until about sunrise, when there came out an Indian 
on the side of the camp that the captain and this deponent was on, when 
the captain fired at him, and called to his men to rush on and fight, 
when the capt. and his party run to the camp, and on the other side 
met Ensign Morgan with four prisoners. The capt. immediately ordered 
out some sentinels, when Capt. McCullock said: I wonder what is the 
matter that Lieut. Biggs has not fired on his camp, and gave order Im- 
mediately to start to join Lieut. Biggs. We started, and went about 
two hundred and fifty yards, as near as I can guess, when we met James 
Ryan and Martin Craw, two of Lieut. Biggs' party. The capt. asked 
them what was the matter; they said the Lieut, had ordered a retreat 
without firing on his camp, and said there was Indians enough at the 
camp he was at to whip us all to pieces. When the capt. gave orders 
for us to turn back to the camp he had taken, to take care of what had 


ITJ^I hf!0iai uJkeci. v« bad DOt bwD «& tbi§ krver camp but a lew nonenta, 
^M9|4. Mj wj^fi firibj^ be^CKO. Tbe eiif/t. imDediatelr cffxierai us u> tbrow down 
aUi tb^ ifiutA*ir, uud mn Uj ibe feM«iu>ce ol Lieot. Bigigs. We ran 
V/waH* tb^ firiftif a^XHJt u ilnMner of a mikr. as near as I ean recollect. 
•»L»:fi iL(b cape iA\\fA oot to tree. Wbec we saw Lieat. BisQgsand eome 
tji bi* part J Ob our wrigbt, we torDtd aod ran op to bim. wben some of 
tbe party a*ked Lieuu Biggs wbat wa6 tbe reaeoa be bad not fired on 
tbe eaiDp. bw aDf»wer wa«. tbai be ftaw too maoy Indiana, or be said be 
ftaw at l^:aftt forty at one «gbu and fnrtber said tbai be saw Indians 
enougb at tbe camp be was at to wbip dooble oar number, and some of 
bi<9 party uAd bim tbat tbey saw anotber camp. Tbe captain gave or- 
ders lor u« to ran ior oar Blankets, and to tye ap everytbing and to 
retreat for borne, and ordered Lieut. Biggs to keep up tbe rear, and this 
J>ej>onent f>tayed witb tbe Lieut^ and CapL McCnIlock ordered tbe men 
Us keep as close together as tbey could so as not for two of tbem to 
walk in one track, and to make as little signs as possible. At every 
halt the capt« sent men back on their trail some Distance. When we 
had returaed to where we had left a party on Muskingum encamped, I 
hapfiened to be passing by where Capt. McCuUoek was, wben I beard 
some words between him and Lieut. Biggs. Capt. McCuUoek said he 
could sware it. Lieut. Biggs reply ed that if you wanted, you could 
sware false. The capt. said to Lieut. Biggs: Give me none of your Id- 
Wilence, for that he would have him before his betters. This deponent 
sayeth that on the Retreat home he beard Capt. McCullock order tbe 
men not to give any Insolence to Lieut. Biggs, as they were often throw- 
ing up his bad conduct to him, and the Capt. and Lieut, messed together 
all the time of this scout. 


Hworn and subscribed before me this 20th day of Aug., 1794. 


Hept. Hdi To all whom it may concern: 

Wo certify tbat Capt. John McCullock has been an Inhabitant of 
this county for many years, and conducted himself becoming an officer 
and soldier, and has demeaned himself as a peaceable citizen. Given 
under our hands this 19th day of August, 1794. 


West Liberty, August 20th, 1794. 

Agreeable to orders I received from Brigadier-General Biggs, I sum- 
moned a General court martial to meet at tbe Town of West Liberty, 
on tbe lltb day of this Instant, for tbe tryal of Capt. John McCullock. 


The opinion of the court, together with the several depositions of the 1794. 
respective witnesses I have herewith inclosed. ^^pt. 8th 

Not having it in my power to send those proceedings to you in any 
other way than hy express, I have employed the bearer, Mr. Zacheus 
Biggs, for that purpose. I therefore expect the Executive will make 
provision for satisfying him for his service. 

I have, &e. ^ 


1 do certify that Capt. John McCullock, at his tryai on the 11th day 
of August, 1794, moved the court martial for leave to take the deposition 
of Alexander Mitchell before a justice of the peace, who was summoned 
to attend as a witness in behalf of said McCullock but could not on 
account of said Mitchell being sick, which motion was submitted by me 
to the said court for their consideration who were of opinion that they 
were not authorized by law to grant the same. 

Given under my hand, this 23rd day of August, 1794. 


Pros't Court Martial. 

I do hereby certify that Mr. Joseph Biggs, at the trj'al of Capt. John 
McCullock, on the lltb day of August, 1794, moved the court martial 
for leave to take the deposition of Serg't Loroy Morgan before a 
justice of the Peace, who was summoned to attend as a witness in behalf 
of the Commonwealth, but could not, on account of the said Morgan 
being sick, which motion was submitted by me to the said court for their 
consideration, who were of opinion that they were not authorized by 
law to grant the same. 

Given under my hand, this 23rd day of August, 1794. 


Preset court martial. 

Richmond, 8lb Sept., 1794. 
Dear Sir: 

In consequence of my doing my duty in arresting Lieut. Briggs, 
and his being cashiered for his misconduct last fall, I iind that I have 
caused some of the first officers of Rank in Ohio county to be my 
enemys, and have been arrested and tried by a court marshall by order 
of the Executive, in consequence of charges alledged against me by 
Lieut. Biggs, and as I did not conceive that I had a fair trial, the court 
marshall refusing to admit me to take the testimony of some of my 
witnesaes that were sick and not able to attend the trial before a justice 




1794. of the peace, or any other way except before the court. When I applyed 
Sept. 8th to them for leave to do it, and being told by the president of the court 
martial that a brother of Lieut. Biggs was to come forward as express 
to the Executive with the proceedings of the court marshall, I did not 
think proper to send my papers with him, therefore came forward to 
Richmond myself, thinking to be here when the proceedings of the 
court martial came to hand, so as to lay before your Excellency some 
papers with the testimony of one of the witnesses that was sick, and 
whose testimony I procured before a justice of the Peace after the trial ; 
but do find altho' the president of the court told me that the proceed- 
ings of the court martial would be sent ofP on Saturday, the 23rd of 
August, which was the day I left home. Their not coming to your 
Excellency yet, gives me reason to believe that they are kept back on 
purpose, since it is seventeen days since they were to have started. 

Being satisfied that I have done my duty to the best of my ability 
since I took command of the Rangers, but finding that my character 
might be in danger by being misrepresented by some people that would 
wish to injure me, I have enclosed a certificate for your Excellency's 
information about my conduct for these many years past, and am bold 
to say that I can support as good a character as a citizen and a soldier 
as any officer in Ohio county. As for the di^ty of an officer, I do not 
know that I am a judge; but do think that I can make it appear that 
1 have done my duty as well as any officer in the Ranging service, if not 
better. Therefore look on the charges alledged against me by Lieut. 
Biggs to be Malitious, and do hope when your Excellency comes to take 
any review of the whole that you will see that it has been done out ot 

I conclude, not doubting but you will do justice to 

Yours, &c., 

Governor Lee. 

West Liberty, August 25tb, 1794. 
Dear Sir: 

I was duly honored with your letter by Mr. Williamson. I 
must beg leave to trouble you once more with a few lines on different 
subjects. As to Indian affairs, which is the common topic with us, we 
have had little damage of late — one man was killed on Muskingum 
above Wolf creek, on the 15th inst. No damage since. 

The detachment of Troops ordered on the river from Harrison, came 
on to Charlestown the 3rd inst., and there detained until the llth, on 
acconnt of no tools to build block houses on Middle Island, that being 
the place they were to take post. 

Afler their departure, I have it from good information, that the officer 
reported that the contractor could not supply provisions neither at 
Charlestown or Middle Island, and instead of remaining at the post 


ordered to, is gone on the MaskiDgum, aad perhaps home to Harrison 1794. 
again. Sept. 8th 

I take the liberty of enelosing, or rather annexing a copy of provision 
receipts given at fiuffaloe, as I have the honour to transact the business 
for Mr. Charles Wells, one of the contractors; that in case any report to 
the prejudice of Mr. Wells should be sent forward. Tour Excellency 
can better judge of the authenticity of such information, which will, if 
any, be forwarded through Col. Louther. 

I have, &c., 


Received August 11th, 1794, ot Chas. Wells, contractor, twenty-one Sept. 8th 
hundred and twenty complete rations for the use of my detachment. 


(A Copy.) 

Received Aug. lltb, 1794, of Chas. Wells, contractor, seven hundred 
and sixteen complete rations for the use of my detachment on their 
way to Middle Island. 


(A Copy.) 

In addition I furnished three barrels of flour, ten gallons of whiskey, 
cheese. Bacon, &c.; also one large canoe to assist the transportation to 
Middle Island. 

I am, &c., 


George Jackson to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. sept. 9th 

I do myself the honor to inform you the riotous party in our sister Harrison 
state against the Excise Law seems as if they are disposed to give up county 
their violent opposition, and become good citizens, but the truth of this 
I am not certain, but was yesterday informed by a gentleman of char- 
acter immediately from there, and the officer of Morgantown, who I am 
informed are very, scaray, is got home again. 

The Indians is, and continues to alarm us very much. In the cource 
of last month they killed and took 5 people out about 18 or 20 miles of 
Clarksburg, and attacked a man and his family in his house with a very 
heavy fler fVom the Indians, but was repolst, Ac, and they have killed 
more cattle in our country this season than ever they done of a sum* 
mer before. 


Sept 9th 


I will take the liberty to recommend Mr. Stillwell to your notice, a 
gentleman of my acquaintance who is come upon business of Colonel 
Lowther's. Any services you can render this gentleman shall be highly 
acknowledged by me. 

I would thank either of you gentlemen to drop me a line informing 
of me when the Assembly is to meet this fall, as I do not no the day, 
but have heained it the 2nd Monday in November next. I intend to be 
there on the day. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 9th 


Geo. Jackson to thb Governor. 

I received your letter and proclamation by Express relative to the 
rioutous party in Pennsylvania, and am happy to inform you there 
appears to bo no Disposition in our parte of this State to use violence 
against the Gen'l or State Government or the laws thereof. The great 
concern we are in at present, is the crualitys the savages commits upon 
our frontiers, &c. In cource of last month they killed and took five 
people in about 18 or 20 miles of our Court House and don other damage 
considerable. I fell in with a gentleman on Sunday last directly from 
Limestone in Kaintucky, who sas Gen'l Scott with his Militia beseged 
and took Glasstown, a noted harbor of the Indians — Killed and took 300 
of them with the loss of about 70 of our men, and that Gen*l Wain was 
within about 4 miles of the town where Scott lay. The truth of this I 
expect you will soon be informed of. 

I understand the rest of our Western Breathern have received sum of 
their money for their Scouts and Rangers. 

I am sorry to inform you I am afraid we may suffer by our county 
not getting theirs, &c., as good men is hard to procure for our defence, 
and them we must have or giv up our country to the Indians until we 

have peace with them, &c. 


I have, &c. 

Sept. 10th 


Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 

Having applyed to the Treasurer for the money lent by the Boro. to 
supply the French distressed from St. Domingo, we have engaged to 
build a work house and depended on being reimbursed for payment. 
Tour Excellency will oblige us much by having the amount paid Mr. 

The Canal will also want the payment now called for, which we shall 
also be glad to be paid him. 

Yours, &o. 



Thos. Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 


Agreeable to promise, I now write you, the artillery company have Sept. lOth 
mounted guard ever since you left us and have engaged for a month. Norfolk 
We are at a loss how to supply them with provisions, &c. I have wrote 
to Mr. Graves to do it in the same manner he has the labourers hereto- 
fore, which you'll please to inform me if right, and they request to 
know whether they are to be paid by the U. S. or State. 

Two company's of our Militia worked one day on Fort Nelson, but 
none of the country have as yet. I shall give every encouragement in 
my power to the expediting of the Fort, and, 

I am, &c. 

Sam. Coleman to the Governor. 
The repairs needed to the Capitol again reported. 

Sept. 11th 

Petition of Hugh Caperton to the Governor. 

As the business which now comes before you both with regard to its 
nature and tendency is a matter of the utmost importance to me, it 
ought to be (and I make no doubt but will be the case) discussed with 
all that wisdom, reflection and fellow-feeling which becomes so honor- 
able a body. If my request, which I am about to make, shall appear 
inconsistently with the laws of my country, or with the laws of justice, 
I wish it not to be granted ; for if I am not mentally a stranger to my- 
self I would not, were it in my power, supersede any of my country's 
laws by any measure whatever to serve my own purposes. 

With respect to the charges alledged against me, I trust you will seri- 
ously reflect from whence they came and the cause thereof I had Col. 
Clendenin's certificate to govern me in the affair of what is called the 
transfer, and he was Muster-Master. I am fully persuaded that I can 
prove there was no kind of transfer. I think the accusation setting 
forth the extraordinary transfer of Donnally and others, says that I 
received them as soldiers in my company since the 6th day of May, 
1792. You may find by the testimony of Col. Donnally that he consid- 
ered himself as belonging to my company from the 15th day of March 
foregoing, and never knew that he belonged to Morriss' company at all, 
and consequently the charge respecting him must certainly be ground- 
less. The testimony of Reuben Slaughter amounts to the same effect, 
which may be discovered on examination thereof. 

You will please also to have Reference to the Testimonies of Eelley 


Sept. 11th 


1794. and Lacy, who have proved also that they never knew of any kind of 
Sept. 11th transfer. Booten and olhers declare to the same purpose. 

The testimony given by John Morris to support what is called the 
Transfer, is without date and place, and is not taken as the law directs. 

I think with his Excellency, that no attention should be paid to such 
Depositions, and I trust that your honorable Body will discover the Ille- 
gality of such procedure generally ; if so, the Court Martial had no 
..proof to govern them in their decision. 

The law directs that there shall be at least thirteen commissioned 
officers to constitute a Court Martial. Some of those who composed 
that by which I was tried wore not commissioned; then surely their 
judgement ought to be arrested. If I were a Militia Officer, why not 
subject to the commanding Officer of the county ? If a regular, why 
tried by inferior Officers? If neither, why tried at all? 

As it may be easily discovered, I have not been dealt with according 
to Law. I humbly presume your honorable Body will grant me a Re- 
hearing, and that at my own expence. 

Should this request be allowed me, it will enable me to bring forward 
such evidences of my innocence in intentfon, as will not only console me 
for what I have suffered, but also, I trust, prove to yourselves that you 
did not err in your compliance. 

I am, &c. 

Sept 11th Geo. W. Smith to John Warden, Esq'r. 

An explanation of Dunn & Phillips of the reason of their failure to 
render their account of tobacco inspected at Bowler's warehouse accord- 
ing to law from October, *92, to October, *93. 

Auditor Pendleton's certificate thereto. 

Sept 12th James A. Bradley to the Governor. 

Surry county Having received Division Orders as late as Friday, the 13th of the 
present month, and on account of my being unfortunately out of my 
Brigade, I was unable to issue my Brigade Orders for furnishing the 
quota required from it until the 18th instant, when I issued them with 
all possible expedition — Orders to the several commandants for their 
apportionment of men, and directed them to meet at Cabin Point on 
Monday next (the 15th instant), from which place I intended (without 
I received further orders) to proceed on with them myself to Biehmond, 
where I expected to receive further orders. 

But with much pain and concern do I advise you of an apparent 
mutiny in my Brigade, and am doubtful from the information I have 


received, and part of which, and that too of a very serious nature as I 1794. 
conceive, I take the liberty of enclosing to you a copy of a letter from Sept. 12th 
the commandant of this county, which I acknowledge to be a true copy; 
also a copy of a piece signed *'An Old Soldier," which the bearer of this 
drew from the original, this being the day it was set up, and it corres- 
ponds with the language of a man in this county, which ho made use of 
to two respectable gentlemen of my acquaintance to-day. 

He mentioned that if a man complied with the Laws of his country 
nothing more could be expected of him, and quoted the 52nd page, sec- 
tion 5th of the Congressional law. 

The name of this man is Major William Boyce of this county (Surry). 
You will examine the letter sent from the commandant of this county, 
as also the piece that was this day set up, that I mentioned above. I 
had a copy taken. You will find it to correspond with my suspicions, 
and unless a change takes place, which will bo more sudden than any- 
thing usual, I shall not be able (unless armed with authority and means 
to enforce obedience to the requisition, to furnish my quota by the time 
I am desired to do. if ever I am. 

Mr. William Nicholson who will bear this to you, a gentleman of 
information, who I have thought it expedient to send it by with its enclo- 
sures, as an express, will inform you of several sircumstances very per- 
tinent to the business. 

Excuse, if you please, inaccuracies, as I much concerned and write 
in immence haste. In your answer to me I will thank you to be very 
particular, and advise me how I am to act ; and if I am to inforce your 
orders, arms and men I am fearful will bo necessary to move into my 

However, you can judge from my letter, it's inclosures, and from the 
information Mr. Nicholson can give you what is the situation of this 
county, and what he has heard from other counties of my Brigade res- 
pecting the business. 

With, &c. 

While men are not born slaves in 'Virginia, but must like other free Sept. 12th 
men be governed by Law and punished accordingly for a breach of the 
same; but let no man attempt to acceed the Law in his punishment; 
when free men are ordered to begin a march of five hundred miles at 
only two day's warning, and that to a cold climate, equip themselves 
for such an expedition, to make their service tollerable and their lives 
comfortable, therefore, I think they have a right to enquire into the 
Datare of the Law by which they are thus to be forced. First, what 
oompeosation they are to receive for their services, and secondly, what 
penalty is annexed to that Law for not attending the call. Whether 
they are to be shot, whether they are to be whip. Whether they are to 



1794. be imprisoned, or whether they are to pay a sum of money and how 

Sept. 12th much. And I think that those who comply with the Laws of this 

country a good citizen. Every man was not born a soldier, so that the 

man who pays his fine, complys with the Laws of his country as fully 

as he that fights the Battles. 


Sept. 12th Lbmubl Cocke, Col. Commandant, to Qbn. James A. Bradley. 

Surry There was a matter happened yesterday, such a one as is not com- 

mon in this part of the world, and God forbid that there ever should be 
such an one again. 

Agreeable to orders, Capt. Nathan Jones met his company in order to 
have them laid off into Divisions, to furnish his quota of the twenty 
men ordered from this county, of which his proportion was three, and 
after mustering his men according to appointment when they were 
drawn in the ranks and he informed them what he was about to do, a 
certain Benjamin Billeo stepped out of the ranks and told the Captain 
if he was done his speech he had something to say to the men, and then 
told them, all that was for liberty to follow him. After that the Cap- 
tain had about 9 or ten men left him. 

They then proceeded to enroll themselves, and positively forbid the 
captain to draw for his men that was wanting to do their duty, even 
after their directing it to be done, at his peril, and would not even suf- 
fer him to set down their names unless they first examined them, to 
know whether they had directed it to be done or not ; but the bearer 
hereof, Mr. William Nicholson, can inform you more particularly about 
the different scenes of their manners, as he was there in person a great 
part of the time, but shall be able to make you a full return of it on 
Monday next, as the captain hath informed me he shall have his report 
made out by that time. 

I have, &c. 

A true copy acknowledged by 


September 12th, 1794. 

Sept 12th Daniel Bbdinger to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Norfolk Agreeable to promise I herewith transmit to you sundry papers, which 

will I trust place in a proper light the charges Mr. Hammond has been 
pleased to bring against us. These papers are chiefly relative to trans- 
actions which occurred during the stay of the Frigate Doedalas in our 


harbour. But about three weeks ago, another Frigate (Thetis perhaps) 1794. 
sent her boats to this place for water and obtained it without difficulty, Sept. 12th 
as will be made to appear by the certificates of several respectable char- 
acters, which shall be forwarded in a few days. 

I am, &c. 

Reubbn Qborge to the Qovbrnor and Council. Sept. I2th 

I am sorry to inform you that on the night of the 5th of June, 1794, Henrico 
I had the misfortune to have thirteen muskets and bayonets and twenty- 
eight cartridge-boxes, belonging to the public, burnt in the house of Mr. 
James Heron. I had them stored in the lumber house of the said Heron, 
thinking they might be more secure than taking them to the country, 
as I gave them out to the men only as they paraded in uniform ; there- 
fore, as it was unforeseen accident, I hope that your Honours will release 
me by giving me credit on my receipt, which you have, for fifty stand 
of arms (for the said guns, &c., burnt). 

I have a part of the barrels, bayonets and locks, which I will return 
when directed. The reason I have not got the full number is, that 
before I knew of the fire, they had been taken away by person or per- 
sons unknown to me. 

Therefore, the petitioner begs leave to subscribe himself, &c. 

J. Marshall to the Governor. Septisth 

I enclose you a statement made by the Captain ol the Artillery com- Richmond 
pany of this town of the articles required for the preservation or use of 
the artillery under his care. 

I have, &c. 


I take the liberty of addressing you on the state of the artillery 
under my care. The wheels and axle-trees are worn out; no harness. 
I shall want three pair of strong harness, three hundred of gun 
powder, 150 round and double-headed shot, 4 lbs., 150 canisters and shot 
to fit them, 300 tubes, 2 copper ladles, and 2 copper hammers, one am- 
munition wagon with 4 harness, 60 swords, 10 taints, and 10 camp-ket- 
tles. I wish to have everything in order that when, I am called for I 
may be ready. 

I have, &C., 

A. QUARRIBR, Captain of Artillery. 

General Marshall, September 6th, 1794. 


1794. William Nelson to the Governor. 

Sept. 13th Intercedes for the pardon of John Vaiden, convicted of horse-stealing 
Richmond in the District Court, on the plea of weakmindedness. 

Sept. isth Charles Hay to Lieutenant-Governor James Wood. 

Richmond The printing of the Bevised Code of Laws pursuant to an act of as- 
sembly passed at the October session, 1792, is nearly completed, and I 
believe will be finished before the meeting of the General Assembly in 
November next; but before it is concluded, I must solicit the advice and 
instructions of the Executive respecting some difficulties which have 
occurred in the business. 

One of the laws passed in 1792, is entitled "An act for reducing 
into one the several acts concerning executions, and for the relief of 
Insolvent debtors." This law was to continue in force only until the 
1st of January, 1794, but as it is one of those which was submitted to 
the Assembly by the Revisors, and contains a variety of matter of great 
and general importance to the Community, I presume it was intended 
vo form a part of the Code. 

At the last session it was repealed, and re-enacted with two or three 
alterations of considerable Consequence. This law is also a temporary 
one. By the act for the republication of the Laws, I am bound to have 
the Acts of 1792 printed as they were then passed, without regard to 
anything which may have since taken place; but if this is done with 
respect to the act above mentioned, it is evident that many inconve- 
niencies may result from it. I hope, therefore, that the executive vrill 
say whether I shall leave it out of the Code altogether, or have it prin- 
ted with a note that it has been repealed, and referring to the act repeal- 
ing it, or whether I shall substitute in lieu of it the act of 1793 on the 
same subject. 

The Laws passed in 1792 for regulating the militia, for r^ulating the 
inspections of Tobacco, and of flour and bread; concerning Juries, &c; 
concerning the fees of certain officers; for ascertaining the salaries of 
the officers of civil Government, and to oblige vessels in certain cases to 
perform Quarantine, were severally amended by acts passed at the last 

The Executive will perhaps think it proper that these acts should be 
printed with those passed in 1792. If this should be their opinion, they 
will be pleased to give me instructions to that Effect. 

I have, &c. 


The qiMttioBs stas<si I7* Mr. flar 1^ ih^ Exm«:xit«l os 1 W o^Wr «Me :^<(f<t. UHIi 
ot this gfc egc reiaie rmtbcr w 9Bb»<^e^ o( «xpedM»CT tkaa Wifrftl ittqwfV> 

Win it be expedictit ior 1^ £x<c«liT>e 10 dinem tW <4Mi: %>l Ik^ikm^ tM 
dele^ales u> deparc isouaeradiT ^>ai Uieir oriers. ior iW fHtT^'H^ «if 
obsenriAc eonsisKiMj in the pnbikaiioB cf the Lakwti? 

I snppoee it would K& iMv-tf^n-. ^m theff«^>T^ think that the iTOTt^rvor 
and Coaseil b^t, vith crcat prv^vrietr, diriMi the iiTiair ^^^ <^ l«92t^ 
alluded to hj Mr. Hay. to be printM in lieo at ihe dead oae of 17^ 
and that the other arts ennmeraied bT hioL eoaeied in 17^ aini aiended 
in 1793. ought to be engiafteid into the Code in the K>nn in which they 
came last &om the hands of the le^:tslatiine^ 


BiLBT H. Avert t>l> the Govee^or. :^«c I4ih 

Having been near six weeks confined by an indisposition, pr^TetiU me Wilk^ber 
from being acquainted with the sentiments of the people of Surry, " 

It gives me pleasure to hear that thoi»e ot Prince George are n»ady to 
defend their Laws, and that they may be always so, is my sincere wish, 

I am sorry that I cannot comply with your request of seeing General 
Bradby UMlay. being unable to travel that distance, but hope to see him 
to-morrow at Cabin PoinU when I will do everything in ray power to 
bring them to a sense of their duty. 

I beg you will accept my best wishes for the recovery of your lady 

and son. 

I have, Ac. 

Willis Wilson to B. G. Bradbt or Colonel C-ocke, Sept. iMh 

Asking for the exemption of Jesse Clark from military service in tbo 
army being nused for the march to Pennsylvania, on account of an old 
wound received in war of the Revolution. 

William R. Fleming to thb Governor. Sept. iMh 

Recommends Dr. James Carter for a snrgeon^s position in the army Hock l^tlo 
about to march against the insurgents in Pennsylvania. / 

Jonathan Clark to Jambs Wood, Lieutenant-Governor, St>pt» I5th 

I received yours of the Ist and 5th instant, and immodiately com- Jfl! 

plied with their contents. W^l 


1794. General Blackwell writes me (8th inst.) that he expected to be com- 

Sept. 15th plete in a few days. That some of his regiments were ready, but that 
from the deranged state of the militia in some of the counties, he could 
not have his quota in readiness so soon as he could have wished. Gen- 
eral Mason not being at home when the express was at his house, I have 
not been informed as to his forwardness. 1 have just heard that a letter 
from General Williams to me is in the county. I flatter myself that 
(one county excepted), Lis brigade is ready, and am in hopes some of 
bis companys are in motion, tho* cannot say with certainty that this is 
the case. The regiment in this county furnished its proportion mostly 
of volunteers, and I have just been informed are to move on Wednes- 

I sent an express to General Guerrant immediately on receiving your 
commands, and he writes me that some of his family were so extremely 
sick when he feceived my orders for furnishing his brigade quota, that 
several days elapsed before he could possibly attend to the orders, but 
says that he had proceeded on the business, and that now nothing on 
his part shall be wanting in having his quota ready as soon as possible. 

I have been to Fredericksburg, and find that the troop of cavalry 
does very little exceed twenty, exclusive of officers. There are very 
few in General Guerrant's Brigade, and General Blackwell writes me 
that the troop in his Brigade is very far from being complete, but that 
he had not procured a return of its real strength. There seems to be 
an exceeding backwardness in some of the counties. Where the fault 
lies I cannot say, but I fear that those counties will not furnish their 
proportion in time. 

When Mr. Lary was at my house on his way above, I directed him to 
see me on his return, if not been more than four or five miles out of his 
way, if so far. 

With, &c. 

Sept. 15th James River Company. 

Resolved, That public notice be given by the clerk that the annual 
general meeting of the James River Company on the first Monday in 
October next, be held at the Eagle Tavern in the city of Richmond, and 
a request be added, that the meeting may be full as the triennial elec- 
tion of a president and directors then takes place agreeable to Law. 

Resolved, That the sum of ten pounds on each new share be paid to 
the company's treasurer on the first day of October next. 

Extract from the minutes. 



PoTOMACK Company. ^794. 

The stock holders of the Potomack Company are required to pay to Sept. 15th 
William Hartshorne, Treasurer, twelve pounds sterling on each share 
by them held on or before the firat day of September next. 

By order of Directors, 

Alexandria, July 16, 1794. Treasurer. 

Requisitions on State Subscriptions for the Respective Canals: 

Potomack £12 ster'g on 100 shares - - - - - $5,333 33 

James River £10 com. on 100 shares 3,333 33 

Dismal Swamp £9 curr. on 50 shares 1,500 00 

910,166 66 
S1,000 are supposed still unpaid of a former requisition from 

the Potomack Company 1,000 00 

$11,166 66 

Daniel Carroll & Gus F. Scott, Committee, to the Governor, sept. I6th 

It is with great concern we address you on a subject which has Washington 
thrown the affairs of the city into great perplexity. Resting upon the ^^^^ 
Donation of your State as ceitain, at or soon after the limited times of 
payment we have calculated on our affairs so as now to have no other 
Bourse for the payment of our workmen, and unless the whole or a con- 
siderable part of the 40,000 Dollars due from Virginia is soon paid the 
public buildings must suffer very considerably. 

If no other expedient more productive can be adopted we beg you 
will interest yourself in procuring from the council an order on the col- 
lectors of Fauquier, Loudoun, Fairfax and Price William counties from 
whom we may have hopes of receiving not less than seven or eight 
thoasand dollars. 

We are confident that no exertions will be wanting on your part to 
facilitate the payment of this Donation^ when it is recollected how much 
the public buildings must be delayed by a disappointment so much un- 
looked for on our part 

We have, Ac. 





1794. James A. Bradby to the Governor. 

Sept. 16th Your favor with its Inclosures by Mr. Nicholson I duly received, and 
dated the 13th inst., but not until Sunday the 14th inst., about 4 o'clock; 
to which letter and its enclosures I paid due attention. It was too late 
in the day for me to attend at church or any other public meeting that 
might be in the county, but learning at the same time I rec'd your let- 
ter, by the bearer, who was Mr. William fiuffin, a Lieut, in a company 
of Light Infantry, that is nearly completed in this county. The cause 
of Mr. iiuffin's taking charge of the Letter, was from the apprehensions 
there were of the disorderly people that were then in this county, meet- 
ing and taking them from Mr. Nicholson — in fact such were the threats. 

By Mr. Huffin I was informed, that Mr. Benj. Bilbro and a British 
Deserter, one Kelso, partly who opposed the having the men drafted, 
had augmented to the number of one or two hundred. Fearful that the 
men I had ordered to attend at Cabin Point on Monday (being yester- 
day the 15th inst.) from the several counties in my Brigade meeting 
with those Insurgents, and perhaps forced to return as they were not 
armed, I wrote immediately to an active officer and informed one or two 
who were with mc, of the necessity there would be in having a few 
armed men at Cabin Point, lest any outrages or abuses might be offered 
by those daring and lawless men. 

The officers immediately turned out — this being nearly sunset a Sun- 
day. I met at the place I had appointed for them to assemble at neit 
morning, where I promised to meet them, and proceeded on with them 
to Cabin Point. 

The officers from their activity (Capt. Faulcon, Lieut. Cocke, and 
Lieut. Ruffin,) collected about 40 or 50 men, with the best arms they 
could command with a necessary quantity ot ammunition, and I believe 
every man would have lost his life before they would have been drove 
by the lawless or insulted. But to my great satisfaction, about 12 
o'clock on Sunda}^ night, Mr. Nicholson came to my house from the 
house of the Commandant of the county, and came through the neigh- 
borhood of those outrageous people, and met with one or two of them, 
from whom ho was informed the Loaders began to discover their error, 
and those they had embodied and enrolled were fast dispersing. I then 
thought it unnecessary for the volunteers to proceed any further and 
discharged them, and I went on to Cabin Point where I met with two 
of the Leaders, Clinch and Bilbro, very penitent indeed, and a number 
of their followers — all of whom were countenancing corresponding with 
men who bad been acting their unwarrantable part, and solicited to be 
drafted, and that they would conform willingly, and whose ever lot it 
might turn out to be they would be ready and march when ordered. 

The other Gen'l Officers were equally active with Mr. Ruffin in rais- 
ing volunteers to suppress the daring business in this county; but per- 


mit me to inform you, that Mr. Ruffin is a very active spirited young 1794. 
man, who has behaved as such over since there were men ordered to be Sept. 10th 
raised from the Brigade, and was yesterday beating up for volunteers to 
join you at Pittsburg, but was not able to enlist or get more than 8 or 
10. He manifests a military turn and from his attachment to his coun- 
try and his disposition to be in the service, I should be glad he could 
have an appointment should it be in your power to give him one, and 
say what may be done with the few men he has enlisted. I am hopeful 
the thing with us will die away and we shall have no more of it, but 
true it is that many have returned from Cabin point home in conse- 
quence of your letter, and do not appear to value the disgrace they 
bring on themselves by it, provided they can stay at home. I am fear- 
ful we shall make but a bad show from this Brigade, but I do assure you 
I have done and shall continue to do every thing in my power to have 
the quota furnished. I have directed the commander of the troops at 
Cabin point to continue at that place until Friday morning, by which 
time, I expect the several counties apportionment will be there if they 
ever intend to come, when I shall direct them to proceed on to Winches- 
ter unless otherwise ordered by you, and on that head I wish to be par- 
ticularly advised. Major Williams, of Pr. George, I had appointed to 
take charge of this Brigade's quota, but I rec'd a letter from him yes- 
terday that he was too ill to perform the Tour and that he would if he 
could resign. That I would not allow him to do at any rates. If he is 
too unable to perform the Tour, inform me if I must order the Troops 
on under the command of the Eldest Captain, or order out another 
Major and let him go after the Troops with all possible expedition. 

I caused everything to remain peaceably yesterday at Cabin Point, 
but very much to the dissatisfaction of many respecting those Leaders 
in this county, and unless somethi:ig is done with them — some example 
is made of them — it will be discouraging to men to do right. It can be 
proved that they have bought powder, &c. j imbodied themselves; were 
setling preliminaries, and going on rapidly ; but they at last found they 
would not have money and sense to carry it on, and with all was a little 
frightened. And this Mr. Kelso ought immediately, I think, to be got 
and treated according to Law, which will, if done, swing him, as it will 
also do the other two men. Mr Kelso is the British Deserter. 

I am in hopes you will excuse my not having wrote to you on this 
subject earlier, but I wished to get everything fixed before I did so. 

I have, &c. 

Daniel Morgan to the Governor. Sept. I6th 

Id consequence of my orders to Rendezvous at Winchester on the Winchester 
15th, the Troops of Dark's Brigade assembled; but having neither arms, 


1794. aramunitian, or any kind of military stores, I thought it best to fur- 
Sept. 16th lough the men till next Monday, which will bo the 22n(l. This day, Mr. 
Fisber, a conductor of stores, arrived at this place with an amount of 
stores coming on which will bo here in a few days, which will be ample, 
except arms and ammunition, which is the very thing needful in our 
present situation. In the waggons under his care is 400 stand of arms 
and no ammunition. We are not informed of any more coming on. We 
expect 1500 stand from New London — the total amount is 1900 stand. 
We are not sure of any more from Philadelphia. 

I therefore wish the Executive of Virginia to send us a further sup- 
ply of 3,000 stand of arms, with a proportionable supply of ammunition. 
These supplies will be highly necessary for the salvation of our Govern- 
ment, as the people in the frontier of Maryland is getting into large 
bodies, in order to favor the designs of the insurgents. Col. Carrington 
writes you fully on these matters. However, they are throwing up 
works round the magazine in Frederick Town in order to defend it. 
This is what I feared, and what I could have prevented if I had been 
supplyed with arms and ammunition in time. No time ought to be lost 
in furnishing the supplies. 

I have, &c. 

Sept 16th Edward Carrington to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Winchester I have just received the invoice of military stores on their way from 
Philadelphia to this place. Others are mentioned as being about to bo 
sent, but no invoice thereof is sent. The stores coming on have with 
them only four hundred stand of arms. These then are the only sup- 
ply we can depend on being here in time for the armament destined 
against the insurgents. 

We are told the commissioners have returned to Philadelphia, and 
that the result of the reference to the people from the committee of con- 
ference is not expected to be favorable. In addition to this circum- 
stance, troubles are rising in the upper parts of Maryland and Penn- 
sylvania below the Alleghany. 

Upon the whole, it is the opinion of (xcneral Morgan, and in it, I 
under the fullest conviction join him, that it will be best, nay that every 
principle of prudence and good policy dictates that we ought to rest the 
arming of the Virginia militia upon the National arms, so far as New 
London and the four hundred already announced from Philadelphia fall 
short. Should they be rendered unnecessary, they will not bo issued, 
and no inconvenience will be felt but the expence of transportation, 
which will accrue to the United States. 

The General and myself do therefore unite in our application for three 
thousand stand of arms, accoutrements, and a proportiODate quantity 


of ammanition to be forwarded from the State magazine at Columbia to 1794. 
thia place immediately. Major Langbam comes with this in order to Sept 16th 
obtain jour order to the keeper of the stores, and to see them off. 
Waggons are sent from here that there may be no delay. 

I shall immediately write to Philadelphia to press, that a sufficient 
supply be forwarded. The appearances however are such that it would 
be risking too much to place the success of our armament upon that 
proapect, while the certainty within oi;r reach at Columbia can be re- 
sorted to. 

Confident that our application will be complied with, we have incurred 

already all the expence of transportation by sending down the wagons 

which will be at Columbia by the time Uajor Langbam can get to that 

place with the order of the Executive. 

I have, &c. 

Hon. Gren'l Wood, Lt.-6ov. of Virginia: 

Accounts from Maryland are such that wo cannot even be certain 
that the stores would get here in safety. 1 think it would be well not 
to make the contents of this letter public. 

Daniel Bbdinqbr to Gbnbral Wood. Sept. i7th 

The inclosed are the certificates alluded to in my letter of the 12th Norfolk 

inst., which I hope will be sufficient to do away the imputations we stand 

charged with. 

I am, &c. 

Portsmouth, Sep. 10, 1994. 

Being informed that complaint has been made by the British Minister 
to the Secretary of State, and from him to the Governor of this State, 
that the people of Norfolk and Portsmouth have been guilty of inhos- 
pitality to seamen of the British Navy, in refusing them supplies of 
water, I do hereby certify and declare, so far as the matter comes within 
my knowledge, that the charge is unfounded in truth, and that it has 
been a very gross misrepresentation to that Minister. 

I well know that those people have had, and still have an impartial 
access to every public well in this Town, and that they have been offered 
water from a private one that would afford from one to two hundred 
Hc^heads a day. 

I further know that in the part of Town of my residence we have but 
one street well to supply a large number of citizens, and the pump of 
that well by the crew of a British Frigate has been kept sucking sev- 
eral days to the great inconvenience of the Inhabitants. Tet I am well 
assured they were never refused any water it would yield, but have 
been aided in procuring supplies thereof as will appear by a certificate 

of Samuel Davies, Esquire. 



1794. Norfolk County, Town of Portsmouth, Sept. 10, IIM, 

Sept. 17th I hereby certify that Colonel Willis Wilson did apply to me about the 
middle of Au/^U9t last, with a young man of the British Consul's re- 
questing that I would furnish a supply of water from my distillery 
pumfis to the crew of a British Frigate then below. I informed Col. 
Wilson and the j'oung man, that I bad already offered Mr. Thomas 
Hamilton water for the purpose upon better terms than it could be pro- 
cured on James River. But as Mr. Hamilton had given me no answer, 
I had not at that time my pumps in order — that it would take two or 
three days for that purpose, and then they would produce a hundred 
hogsheads a day. 


Sept. 19th Henry Lee, Governor to General Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Boiling By letters which I have received from the Secretary of War since I 

Green ^^^^ Richmond, I find the event of resistance or submission still doubtful. 
The former is much to be apprehended, and consequently no precaution 
on my part will be omitted to meet that issue. 

The whole fighting force of the insurgent counties is put down for ray 
information, and amount to 16.000. The division of sentiment among 
them will greatly diminish this force, and 8 or 9,000 will probably be the 
ultimate point they can reach. The}" abound in rifles, and are good 
woodsmen. Every consideration manifest the propriety of hurrying the 
march of the troops, and I pray your particular attention to this object. 

From the sickness of the season and other causes, I fear we shall fall 
short considerably, and therefore wish to receive the concurrence of the 
Council to the two following proposition**, which will be executed only 
in case circumstances should justify the same. The first is to authorize 
me to call out two additional regiments of volunteers from the upper 
country, to be officered by the militia officers ; and the second is to use 
the volunteer militia in the Monongalia District, provided safely from 
the Indian enemy is certain. 

I am persuaded you and the Council too well know me to suppose I 
will resort to these additional moans unless absolutely necessary, and as 
the power will bo only eventually used, I hope no difiiculty will occur 
in giving the advice suggested. 

By the first proposition I shall bo able with celerity to make good 
any deficiency in our quota ; by the second I shall be able to furnish 
General Morgan with a small useful corps, well acquainted with that 
part of the country through which, perhaps, I may determine to pass a 
column under his command. 

You know, sir, that communications like the present ought not to be 


I have, &c. 


le following is a statement of the account against the United States 1794. 
.rms, &e., lent in the late insurrection : Sept. 19th 

Original Loan. 

kets and Bayonets, ...... 3,000 

ere and Brushes, ..... 400 

ket Worms, ....... 500 

w Drivers, ....... 150 

ridge Boxes, ....... 3,000 

•els Oun Powder, ...... 15 

of Lead, --..... 19 

us of C/artridge Paper, ..... 30 

"els of Musket Flints, ...... 5 

Qds of Ball and Buck Shot, ..... 1,650 

Musket Slings, ...... 3,000 

o Cartridge Box Belts, ..... 3,000 

Articles returned, and their order. 

kets and Bayonets, much defaced, .... 2,943 

ridge Boxes, greatly injured, - - - - - 2,571 

ket slings, many useless, ..... 1,4G7 

ridge Box Belts, much damaged, .... 2,723 

Articles now due the State. 

kets and Bayonets. ...... 57 

;ri<lge Boxes, ....... 429 

ket Slings, --..... 1,533 

;ridge Box Belts, ...... 277 

:er8 and brushci?, ...... 400 

ket worms, ....... 500 

w drivers, ....... 150 

rels of gun powder, ------ 15 

\ of lead, ....... 19 

ms of Cartridge paper, ----- 30 

•els of Musket Flints, ------ 5 

nds of Ball and shot, ...... 1,650 


Supt. State Arsenal. 

William Da vies to the Governor. gept. 19th 

expected to have been favored with the decision of the Executive Broadway 
1 ray memorial, but have been hitherto disappointed. I have noth- 


1794. ing to add to what is contained in that representation, but that from 
fiept. 19th the information of Mr. Brown, Senator from Kentucky, the balance due 
to Virginia upon her private account, upon inspecting the book A, to 
which the commissioners referred, appeared te exceed that due to Mas- 
sachusetts upwards of a million of dollars, tho' in consequence of the 
act of apportionment the latter is eventually the greatest creditor in the 
Union. I am truly sorry to be troublesome to your Excellency on this 
occasion, but as I conceive my claim as founded upon the strictest jus- 
tice, I hope to be pardoned for pressing for a speedy decision. It was 
my intention to have attended personally before the Executive on its 
discussion, but the frequent avocations, which as I understood called 
your Excellency from Richmond, added to my own engagements, have 
hitherto prevented, and at present an indisposition which confines me 
to my house, will still continue to deprive me of that opportunity. As 
the matter has been submitted long enough for full investigation, and 
as your Excellency I am informed is shortly to be absent from Rich- 
mond, I must entreat the favor of a prompt decision. A discount in 
my collections either in certificates, warrants, or tobacco will be thank- 
fully acknowledged. I hope for a speedy answer, and am. Sir, &c. 

Sept. 19th E. Langham TO Jambs Wood. 

I have contracted to furnish the post at the Point of Fork with pro- 
visions till the 11th day of January next, and have given good security 
for the faithful performance of that contract. 

I am now called into service at a distance, and can't give my personal 
attention at the Point of Fork, but have a careful young man to furnish 
provisions in my absence, and it is now goting time to lay in meat to 
complete my contract. 

Noting the above statement, will you apply to the Hon*ble the Ex- 
ecutive, and if you think it reasonable, give me your aid therein to ad- 
vance two hundred and thirty dollars, which will be sufficient for about 
two months' rations — meaning payment for about two months. This 
would enable my young man to lay in the provisions, and make my 
mind easy on that score while absent. As I have given good security, 
I think there could be no impropriety. 

Respecting the military stores applied for to arm the Virginia Detach- 
ment, assure the Board that every attention in my power shall be given 
them, not only in the field, but also for their safe return. 

I have, &c. 



Thomas Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 


I rece'd your Excellency's favor by Mr. Brough. The artillery still 
do duty at the Fort, though soma of them have refused, and as this was 
a requisition of yours, I consider such as liable to ten dollars fine under 
our militia Law, and shall be glad of your opinion on this case as I wish 
tx> compel such men to duty. I was down in the Quarantine lookout 
boat on Friday and Saturday, when two British Frigates arrived, which 
now make four lying in the mouth of this River. What may be the 
cause of so many coming here at a time, we must Wait with patience to 
know, but have heard that the Sun's crossing the line is the reason 

We much want a person to take charge of Fort Nelson. I think a 
subaltern and 24 men too few for it, and conceive that an officor of ex- 
perience and rank is necessary there with at least one hundred men. I 
am sorry to inform your Ex*cy that the work goes on slowly, and I 
think it will not be finished by volunteer labourers. Our pilots do not 
pay that attention to the proclamation I could wish. Yesterday one 
took a capt of a Brig from Jamaica and brought him up. I could wish 
the Law inflicted a penalty on such pilots. The accounts from Jamaica 
are alarming. The sickness there rages to a great degree, but we have 
been very fortunate in the vessels which have arrived — their all being 
healthy. We have reports of its being very sickly in Baltimore also, 
and Charleston, S. Carolina, but not so alarming as to prevent inter- 
course with them. 

Should any appearance of danger come to my knowledge, I will 
inform your Ex'cy. I still shall continue the lookout boat, unless your 
Ex*cy and council shall direct otherwise. 

I am, Ac, 


Sept 2Ut 

John Cropper, Jr., to the Goverkor. 


Accidentally meeting with lir. J. Gootee, the \jet^reT^ on bin way to AAmnMw; 
Richmond, I inform yoo that your favor ^directing me to go to NoHblk 
and aeqaaintiDg me that I might probably see you there; came to baiMl 
15 days ago ; that next day the ague and fever seized me, and thai I am 
but JQBt now potting it off. Too have do doubt received a letter fifjm 
me telling the Executive that it appears to me to be no use for me to 
go to see the deUnqoeDts withooi process* to ael apoo. 

Tour letters commonly come to band mx montiM afcer diUe by pone 
I wonder who ia to reioiborve the poalAge. 

Send any coMiandn or leiten by the bemrer, ibey'Il eome mie with' 

out expeoee. 

lam. Ac. 



1794. William Lindsay to thb Governor. 

Sept. 28d On Sunday last arrived in Hampton Roads the British Frigate 

Collector's Quebec, commanded by Rogers, & a Spanish Schooner retaken 

Norfdk ft*om a French Privateer by said Frigate. 

The schooner is loaded with Flour and is reported in distress. Ap- 
plication has been made to know whether the Schooner can be brought 
up into port, repaired or sold here. Her name I have not learnt. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 23d Thos. Nelson, Jr., to Qbn'l Wood. 

Alexandria I am directed by the Governor to request that you will be pleased to 
forward a statement of the Rank of Lieutenant-Colonel Little, of Fair- 
fax, & Lieutenant-Colonel Lane, of Loudoun. You will be pleased to 
send them to Aiajor-Genoral Morgan, who will of course, forward them 
to the Governor, who leaves this place to-morrow morning. 

I am, &c., 

Sept. 23d Henry Lbe to General Wood. 

Alexandria Your letter of the 19th came to hand last evening, and with its in- 
closures is this day transmitted to the War department. The conduct 
of yourself and my friends of the council merit eveiy good man^s appro- 
bation, and I feel myself particularly thankful for the prompt and perfect 
succour given, but I have the pleasure of informing you that the last ac- 
counts announce the disturbances in Maryland to have yielded to the 
vigorous measures adopted by Governor Lee, of Maryland. 

The State arms shall be taken proper care of and returned with our- 
selves. My letters of last evening indicate progress to the expedition, 
but nothing yet is known of the ultimate decision of the Insurgents. 
Present me with great regard to all around your green table. 

Your, &c. 

Sept. 23d Henry Lbe to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. 

General Morgan by a letter received from him this Day, is Bclicitous 
for the Adjutant-General to join his Detachment I have written to the 
General and Col. Morgan that with the concurrence of yourself and 
council, his request shall be granted. 


Be pleased to Bignifj by the first opportunity to Colonel Morgan yonr 1794. 
will. Sept. 23d 

I learo with ^reat pleasure that the 3rd Division has lurnished more 
than its quota, and that the men are in high health and spirits. I ob- 
served the most animated oonduct through the country whereon I have 
passed, and therefore am persuaded that I shall not find it necessary 
to recur to the expedient proposed in my last, yet it may be wise to vest 
the power. 

I am, &c. 

Edward Carrington to Libutbnant-Govbrnor Jambs Wood. Sept 24th 

Having upon previous occasions given you from report, disagreeable Winchester 
news respecting a spirit of insurgency in the upper parts of Maryland, 
it behooves me now to give you the result of my immediate presence for 
three days at Hagerstown — the very seat of the alleged mischief. 

I arrived at that place with Col. Moses Hunter, Major Stephenson and 
Capt. Glen, of Berkeley, who were kind enough to go over with me on 
the 17th Instant. It was then a conceded point by the Friends of Gov- 
ernment that the insurgents had complete ascendancyy and that nothing 
could be attempted with them before the arrival of a body of Troops — 
about 800 which were expected from Frederick Town, and had been 
ordered up by the Governor for the particular purpose of suppressing in- 

Liberty poles were standing at Williamsport and sundry other places, 
that at Hagerstown had been cut down, but apprehensions were felt 
that a party would again invade the town to replace it. We imme- 
diately set about to convince them that there must be a mistake as 
to the superiority of the insurgents, and we declared that we would cut 
down the Liberty Poles if the people of the place did not set about it. 
The effect was that by Thursday evening, the 18th, their insignia of an- 
archy were all felled, and about twenty citizens armed with our pistols, 
and such others as could be gotten, went out that night in quest of 
what were called officers and leaders of the Insurgents. On Friday 
morning they returned with about 20 including those characters, & be- 
hold no followers could be found to render the operation at all danger- 
ous. On Friday a called Court was setting the whole day examining 
and committing to jail, which business was renewed on Saturday when 
we left the place as free from active insurgency as the city of Rich- 

In the evening of Friday, General Bailey with the Frederick Militia 
and three Troops of horse arrived, but the Monster had been previously 
destroyed by the natural force of the place which ought sooner to have 


1794. Thus endeth the first chapter of lamentations of the people of Kagers- 

Sept. 24th town. 

I hope the Governor who I have heard arrived there on Saturday 
will commence the second by instituting the necessary enquiries. 
Would that it will end in the breakage of those officers who neglected 
their duty. I very much suspect that the troubles in Pennsylvania be- 
low the Alleghany are nearly of the same complection. The disaftected 
in both places are composed of stupid Germans and the foreigners who 
were tories in the Revolution. 

I am, &c., 

You may make this letter as public as you please, but do not let it go 
into the papers. 

P. S. — The people of Morgan Town and the Vicinity have come to 
Resolutions declarative of their determination to support Government. 
Our armament will go forward. 

Sept. 24th John McCullock to the Governor. 

West This comes to let you no that I got here safe, but have the mortifica- 

Liberty ^^^^ ^^ inform you that the Indians have done Mischief in different parts 
of our frontiers while I was at Richmond. They killed three children, 
and wounded two others, leaving one of them scalped alive, and took 
their mother prisoner, and wounded their father, who made his escape, 
and is like to get over it. This mischief was done in Ohio county about 
twelve miles of Wheeling, and on the 6tb of this instant. And they 
took one man prisoner on the west side of Ohio near Wheeling, not 
long since, and have killed a man near the mouth of Little Beaver 
Creek. I cannot give you so satisfactory an accotint as I could wish 
about the troubles in this country, but have reason to believe they will 
end without bloodshed. Our county has been, I am told, in some con- 
fusion, but it appears it is all over and the people seem to be generally 
disposed to be still. 

We have just received information by Lieut. Peter Gayson that is 
just from foi*t Washington, that General Wayne has had an engagement 
with the Indians, and has took one hundred scalps with the loss of one 
hundred and twenty-five men killed and wounded, and our army made 
the enemy Retreat. We have had accounts that the Oorn*planter has 
ordered the officer that commands the fort at Lebeuf, fifteen miles from 
Presqulle, to move immediately off, or he should have to move him. 

I hope that our government will exert their powers against the In- 
dians and the British forces about the Lakes, as it is said that oar 
army lay in sight of the British garrison that is on the Maumee, for 
two or three days before the Battle with the Indians* 

I have nothing more, but conclude with esteem, 

Your, tto. 


Thomas Nbwton, Jr., to the Governor. 1794. 

On receiving the enclosed report, I had Capt. Ainsworth arrested for Sept 24th 
the penalty incurred under the Quarantine Laws. It appears to me Norfolk 
from the information he received, that he has been led into the error. 
He appears fully convinced that he has done wrong and is sorry for it. 
I considered it my duty to act as I have done — the case being of a public 
nature. I conceive I have no right to dismiss the suit without your 
consent, and await your directions therein. For my part I freely forgive 
him. His crew were in perfect health. 

Your, &c. 

Governor Lee to the Lieutenant-Governor. Sept. 25th 

I have had two communications with the President and Directors of Alexandria 
the Bank of Alexandria on the subject committed to me by the Execu- 
tive. They have manifested the best disposition to accommodate the 
commonwealth, but from the situation of their funds, and the prassing 
daily demands of the stockholders for loans, they have declared to me 
the projected loan cannot possibly now be granted. I hope you will 
continue to prevent sale of our shares by some means or other. 

I received last evening orders to join the army forthwith, & to move 
forward towards the enemy — intelligence from the insurgents as late as 
the 13th having manifested that compulsion must be resorted to to pro- 
cure submission to law. 

All my expectations of soon seeing you fail entirely. Farewell. 

Mr. Oster to the Governor. Sept. 25th 

Being informed that an English Frigate has entered into Hampton Norfolk 
Road with two prizes taken from the French, I in my quality of Vice 
Consul of the French Republic request your Excellency to order that 
this Frigate may depart immediately from Hampton Road, and also 
from the limits, as it is expressed in Article the XVII of the Treaty of 
Friendship and Commerce between France and the United States. 

This Frigate not having been forced by any danger to take refuge in 
that River, your Excellency may well judge that she ought not to have 
entered there, and consequently that she can not be suffered to remain 
there without infringing the Treaty. 

I am, &C. 


1794. Commonwealth vs. David — Record. 

Sept. 25th At a Court of Oyer and Terminer held for King William County, the 
19th day of July, 1794, for the trial of two negro Slaves — one Polley, the 
property of Drury Ragsdale, and Davy, the property of Wm. Dao- 
dridge for Felony. 

Carter Braxton, Jr., Gent., who prosecutes in this Court on part of 
the Commonwealth, filed an information against the said Polly and 
Davy. Be it remembered that on the 19th day of July, iu the year of 
our Lord, 1794, that Davy, a slave, the property of Wm. Dandridge, and 

Polley, a slave, the property of Drury Ragsdale, on the — day of in 

the year of our Lord, 1794, felloniously and with ill intent, did prepare, ex- 
hibit and administer medicine or poison contrary to the peace and dig- 
nity of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the said Carter Braxton, 
Jr., Attorney for the Commonwealth in the county aforesaid, prays the 
judgment of this Worshipful Court upon the premises according to 
Law. Whereupon the Court proceeded to examine sundry witnesses as 
well on behalf of the Commonwealth as the prisoner at the Bar. Od 
consideration whereof, the Court are of opinion that the prisoner, Polley 
is guilty of the charge in the indictment mentioned, and for that offence 
it is ordered that she bo hanged on Friday, the 22d day of August next. 

It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that other proof and cir- 
cumstances may be had, it is ordered that the said Davy be remanded 
to the Goal of this county for further trial, & that the Sheriff do sum- 
mon a Court to meet for that purpose. 

At a Court of Oyer and Terminer hold for King William County, the 
26th day of July, 1794, for the trial of a negro slave, Davy, the property 
of William Dandridge, for Felony. 

Carter Braxton, Jr., who prosecutes in this Court on behalf of the 
Commonwealth, filed an information against Davy. Whereupon the 
Court proceeded to examine sundry witnesses as well on behalf of the 
Commonwealth as the prisoner at the Bar. On consideration whereof, 
the court are of opinion that the prisoner is Guilty of the charge m the 
indictment mentioned, and for that offence it is ordered that he be 
hanged on Friday, the 29th day of August, at this Court House. 



Sept. 25th Petition. 

To his Excellency Henry Lee, EsqV, Governor of Virginia, in council: 

The petition ot the subscribers of King William county court 
and others, humbly sheweth : That at a court of Oyer and Terminer 


held for the said county, on the nineteenth of July last past, to-wit, in 1794. 
the year 1794, David, a negroe man slave, a prisoner committed on sus- ^pt. 25th 
picion of preparing, exhibiting, and administering poisonous medicines, 
was arraigned on information of the public prosecution charging him 
with that crime; and it appearing that further evidence might be pro- 
cared, he was remanded for a further trial, notwithstanding that the 
prisoner had pleaded not Guilty to the charge. Witnesses had been ex- 
amined, and an opinion of the court had been partly taken, when one 
of the Justices conceived the evidence insufficient to prove the charge. 
Bat upon further evidence to the court being afterwards introduced, the 
court did remand the prisoner David to jail. 

And on another day, to-wit, on the twenty-sixth day of July afore- 
said, at another court of Oyer and Terminer, hold for the trial of the 
said slave, he was condemned on similar information ; but your petition- 
ers being advised that Doubts have arisen respecting the legality of the 
said second trial, beg leave to state the above circumstances to your 
Excellency in council, that if it should be your opinion that the said 
second trial was had contrary to Law, the execution of the prisoner 
may be respited until a further day, (the same being appointed for Fri- 
day the twenty-ninth day of August, 1794). 

And your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray, &c. 

BenJ*n Temple, Robert Pollard, Thomas Nelson, John Eoane, Jr., 
James Quarlos; Carter Braxton, att'y for King William county; James 
Johnson, D. Sheriff; Drur}* Ragftdalc, Lewis Blake, Tiilly R. Wise, John 
Warden, John Drewry, Thomas Ellett, John Whitworth, Aiatthew Glenn, 
James Smith, Anthony Bron, John Pomphry, Thomas Littlepage. 

West Point, 19th Sep., 1794. 

Dear Sir, 

Enclosed you will receive a transcript of the record of King 
William county court, on the subject of the slave now under sentence of 
death in the prison of said county. This is furnished to the council in 
consequence of their request that the same should be laid before them. 
Some doubts have been suggested with respect to the legality of trying 
Davy a second time, when the first court of Oyer and Terminer which 
sat on his trial, gave no decision or conclusive opinion — inferring that it 
is the duty of a court of Oyer and Terminer to hear and determine 
whenever convened: so having pronounced nothing as to Davy, be was, 
and ought to have been, by consequence of their silence, liberated from 
his confinement. 

From that tenderness in favor of Life which the law inculcates, and 
from an anxious wish that the court's proceedings resulting from my 
advice should be corrected, if erroneous or illegal, I represented the 
business to court as developed to you, and requested for the tranquility 
of my mind that they would sign the statement of the case already 


1794. transmitted to the Executive, praying that if there was any illegality 
Sept. 25th in the condemnation of Davy, that he might be pardoned. It was very 
foreign from my intention, and from that of the court, too, I know, to 
intercede for a pardon from any idea of Davy's innocence, nor do I con- 
sider that the cavils made against the legality of the court's proceedings 
are well founded. They originated, I hope, from humanity; but they 
are unsupported by reason, and had the authors of them adverted to 
the record, and not been misled by false relations, I suspect nothing of 
these doubts would have so far impeded the course of Justice. The 
first information, you will observe, alleges a charge of preparing, ex- 
hibiting, and administering, &c. The latter alleges a charge only of 
preparing and exhibiting poison. 

I am, &c., 


8ept. 25th Petition op Sarah, negro woman slave of Ellyson Young. 

To the Hon. the Governor and Council of the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia : 

The petition of Sarah, a negro woman slave of Ellyson Young, lately 
condemned in the county court of Prince Edward, under the charge of 
having feloniously administered poison to her mistress Elizabeth Young 
and Judith Young, humbly sheweth that your petitioner had always 
supported a good character as a dutiful and obedient slave ever since 
she belonged to her said mistress, as mentioned above, which has been 
for many years past. That your petitioner was never suspected by her 
said mistress, or any other person for administering poison or combining or 
confederating with any person in administering poison until the pres- 
ent charge. That there was no positive or presumptive evidence 
against her, except what is set forth in the copy of the record thereto 
annexed, which said confession therein mentioned was extorted from 
your petitioner with the promise of being set at liberty, which your 
petitioner humbly conceives insufficient to convict her, and hopes that 
she will meet with a pardon from your hands, and as in duty bound 
will ever pray, &c. 

Signed by the following persons: 

G. Green, John Caldwell, Jr., T. Watkins, Archibald McRae, C. Tay- 
lor, John Watson, Thomas Molloy, D. Sims. 

I do approve of the within petition, &c. 



Disbursements and Discounts made at the Treasury by Jacqueline 1794. 
Ambler, treasurer, from the Ist of July, 1794, to the 30th of Septem- Sept. 25th 
ber inclusive, Dated since 1st of March, 1787: 

Warrants payable out of the aggregate Fund, 

Judges' Salaries, expenses of courts, &c., 

For salaries to officers of civil government, 

To commissioners and agents, .... 

On the contingent Fund, ..... 

In favor of Poto. and James River companies, 

To the Directors of the public buildings, - 

For the western defence, - - - - - ' 

For the Lunatic Hospital, ..... 

For expences of public warehouses, 

For reimbursement of interest to stockholders. 

In favor of pensioners, ..... 

Advances made for the Greneral Grovernment, 

40,422 43 

Dated prior to the 1st of March, 1787 : 
Military. — Militia certificates and warrants for supplies, - 54,422 24 

$94,844 67 

$7,995 09 

8,960 53 

6,099 63 

878 85 

4,289 08 

1,222 23 

320 78 

1,611 68 

1,333 33 

182 55 

137 82 

220 00 

7,170 86 

Capt. Tarpley Webb of the boat Yenus, appointed as a lookout boat Sept. 25th 
to prevent the infectious diseases prevailing in the West Indies, &c., 
bein^ brought into the state, reported that he spoke the Brig Hope on 
the — day of — , 1794, and informed the Capt. (Ainsworth) that he had 
the Governor's proclamation and the Superintendent of Quarantine's 
orders to direct all vessels to stop below the fort to be examined as to 
their health. 

After this, he discovered a boat moving up the river, which he sus- 
pected belonged to the Brig Hope, and which he proceeded to and 
hailed, when he found his conjectures to be true, and the Capt. informed 
him he was coming up to town. Capt. Webb says that he informed 
Capt. Ainsworth the consequences, who told him that the Consul had 
been on board his vessel, and that he might go where he pleased. Afler 
this Capt. Webb told Capt. Ainsworth if he would come alongside he 
would read to him the Grovernor's proclamation, on which Captain Ains- 
worth answered he had got so far, and should proceed. 

Next morning Capt. Webb found Capt. Ainsworth in town at Mr. 

Whittle's coun^ng-house, where he spoke to him on the occasion, when 

he told Capt. Webb so many boats were speaking to him that he was 

not obliged to know who he was. Mr. Whittle's clerk spoke light of 




^794.' the case, and told Capt. Ainsworth that nothing could he done to him. 
Sept 2.)th Capt. Ainaworth spoke nothing disrespectful in his conversation, and 
has since said that it was Capt. Hamilton who told him he might go 
where he pleased, and not the Consul. 

Report taken before me, 


Supt. Quarantine. 

Sept. 30th Governor Lee to Colonel Cockb. 

Having not time to write to you fully, I must refer ^'ou to my letter 
to Gen. Bradby, and I must entreat you to unite with him at once in 
exertions to stop the infamous temper displayed by a few oi the people 
of Surry the other day. It disgraces our common country and is preg- 
nant with mischief of the blackest dye. 

Gen. Bradby will communicate to you freely my letter and the latest 
news from the insurgents. 

[The address of the two following letters can not be determined, but 
they are evidently by the same author:] 


On my way this evening to see my sick wife and take leave of 
her for my tour of duty, I met Mr. Nicholson with 3'our letter of the 
12th & its enclosures, to all of which I have given due consideration. 
To express the deep regret I feel on hearing any occurrence which 
carrys with it testimony of any portion of our country being so ignonmt 
or 80 wicked as to oppose the laws, is not in the power of my pen, and 
the present occasion of all others, I did presume was the most unlikely 
to excite such a temper, tor it must be self-evident to all who will think, 
that if the people will not support their own constitution or their own 
laws, that the equal and happy political condition for which we fought 
and conquered, must soon be exchanged for despotism in some shape or 

This distressing truth ought to make all who love true liberty to re- 
flect betimes, and unite in preserving it, by maintaining inviolate that 
established system which so happily protects it in this our land. 

Wishing to give to this outrageous little attempt a turn which may 
destroy it without the interference of Govt., I beg you to contrive to 
get at once twenty volunteers from the county of Surry for the pre.sent 
occasion. This you can readily do I am sure by exerting youi-self, es- 
pecially as you may promise them particular accommodation from me, 
in case you shall find it necessary to enter into such stipulations to pro- 
cure the number. 


To give to this attempt proper pretext, I enclose you my letter of the 1794. 
9th inst., which circulate by many copies thro* the county, & I also en- '^P^- 30th 
close the last intelligence from the insurgents which you must circulate 
in like manner. I must leave to-morrow evening, the result of this at- 
tempt so far as goes in one day. 

At church will be a good opportunity to tr}" its eifect, where pray go, & 
I shall wait here for your messenger, which I hope will be sent in secrecy 
to me, & in time to get here in the course of the night. 

You shall afterwards receive from me orders of another sort if occa- 
sion demand them. 

Keason with the wrong-headed, and talk to them of the disgrace they 
bring on their county, and ask them if they believe the people of Vir- 
ginia will permit such indecency and wrong. 

I have written letters to Col. Cox, Major Boyce and Mr. Kuffin, all of 
which must be sent. The one to Mr. Boyce, the bearer will contrive, as 
I wish it to be known only to your confidants that I have as yet heard 
of the transaction. 


The zeal and patriotism displayed by our countrymen in all the 
upper eountys render any force from below unnecessary, nor would the 
same be received did I not apprehend to refuse the co-operation of the 
small detachments required would be unpleasant to our worthy fellow- 
citizens as all good and virtuous men must take a pride in yielding their 
personal aid towards suppressing the wicked attempt made by the 
Pennsylvania insurgents to destroy our Government, and with it to de- 
stroy that liberty for which we so nobly fought. If, however, you 
should experience a disposition so base as to be indifferent to the 
present call, or any set of men so cowardly as to fear the rabble, let 
them stay at their homes. Tell them they shall not be received into 
the ranks of the gallant defendei's of their country » who are now mov- 
ing under Gen. Morgan to vindicate its wrongs, and with whom I shall 
soon have the honor of marching, as it is my lot to have been drafted 
by the President of the U. States. 

At the same time, send to me a list of their names and places of * 

abode, specifying the single men and the married men, that they may 
be published to their country & otherwise noticed in due season. 




£ 7 








13 4 
















1794. Dr. The Second detachment from the Eighth Brigade on an ezpedi- 

Sept 30th 

St^pt. 30. To cash paid for sundries pr. ac. rendered, - £97 17 Oi 

15 Gals. Rum, 10s., 

50 lbs. candles, Is. 3d., 

6 quires paper. Is. 3d., 

500 Bacon, 8d., 

10 lbs. Brown Sugar, Id.^ 

8 Camp kettles, 5s. 6d., 

1 paper Ink powder, • 

1 Lanthern, 

1 Butcher's carver, 

3 Axes, 6d., 

Spike Gimlet, • 

1 cock with key, 

50 lbs. Soap, 10}d., 

33 11 
Admit it will take the Troops 

16 days to arrive at Winchester 
on the following calculation: 
160 Troops at 1 lb. Beef per. 
day is 2,560 lbs. at 2id.) 

To 2,560 lbs. Flour at 2id., 

40 Gallons Brandy at 4s. 4d., • 

Rations issued for 20 men at 
Cabin point, left on guard 8 
days, - - - 1 13 4 

160 lbs. beef at 2}d. 

160 lbs. Flour at 2d., - - 16 8 

10 quarts Brandy, at Is. Id., • 10 10 


Cash paid 322 lbs. Beef at 2 id., - ■ 3 7 1 

The hire of 2 waggons 35 days going and re- 
turning to Winchester, - - - 40 










£234 15 li 


tion to Winchester, in account with Edward Fauleon, Agent, Cr. 1794. 

r iz^-=^zz:j— - — - — _=rj=zz=== Sept. 30th 

Sept. 30. By Bank Notes, received of GenU Bradley, $450, £135 

130 Gallons Brandy on hand, 

at 4s. 4d., • . - 28 3 4 

5 Bbls. Flour, at 338. - - 8 5 

4 Bbls. Com, at 158., - - 3 

39 8 4 

By balance, - - 60 6 9J 

£234 15 U 



1794. Papers prepared by Governor Lee while waiting orders from Presi- 

Sept. 30th dent Washington to proceed with the army to Pennsylvania for the 
suppression of the Whiskey Insurrection. 

Whereas a few weak, wicked and wrong-headed meh have as tar as 
they could, injured the character of our county and disgraced oar 
county by refusing to obey the law of the land which governs the 
Militia — 

We the subscribers anxious to wipe away the stain cast upon our 
county, and desirous of proving' to our country that the people of Surry 
abhor as they do the late wicked and daring attempt to destroy our 
Government and with it our liberty, do hereby voluntarily otfcr our- 
selves to serve under Governor Lee, the tour to which he is called and 
on the issue of which everything dear to freemen depends. 

Sept. 30th Governor Lee to Col. Avery. 

While I feel the highest gratification in hearing of the very proper 
conduct of your county in their obedience to the late call, I acknowledge 
my extreme distress in learning that a different temper prevails in a 
part of Surry. 

Pray, Sir, unite at once with Gen. Brad by in restoring a right dis- 
position, for which purpose I wish you would see him this day. He 
will be at the church in Sussex not far from you, and will communicate 
to you the last news which I have from the P. insurgents, which I have 
not time to mention. As bad men always struggle to make others so, I 
fear attempts may be made on your Drafts. To prevent any effect of 
this sort, I beg you to tell your worthy lads that I am drafted as well 
as themselves, and I mean to march hand in hand with them, leaving 
behind me a sick wife and a very sick only son. Tell thom they shall 
be well treated, honestly paid and that they will find the excursion as 
agreeable as it is honorable and necessary ; and pray write to me your 
opinion freely relative to the disposition of the people in Surry. 

If we permit our laws to be violated with impunity, farewell to order, 
farewell to liberty and all the political happiness we enjoy, and for 
which we so prodigally bled and paid. 

Oct. iBt Report of Edmund Harrison and Larkin Smith on the condi- 
tion OF State Treasury. 

The Treasurer being enjoined to close the Public Accounts of his 
of&ce on the 30th day of September, annually, we, the underwritten, 
(thereto appointed by the Executive) repaired to the Treasury in the 
morning of the first of October, in order to ascertain the amount of 


specie, Tobacco, and facilities actually in the Treasury received on pub- 1794. 
lie Account, and constituting the balance due thorofrom on the said 30th Oct. let 
day of September, 1794. 

Having examined and carefully counted and weighed the Specie, we 
find it amount to ten thousand two hundred and nine dollars and 19 
cents; part of which, viz: the sum of iive thousand four hundred and 
ninety-eight dollars 26 cents being the proceeds of the sales of the pub- 
lic Tobacco, made under the* direction of the Executive on the 23d of 
October, 1793, is reserved as the act directs, to be applied in discharge 
of registered aggregate-fund warrants. We tind also on examing the 
sales made on the said 23rd of October, 1793, a loss sustained on the 
Tobacco then sold, to the amount of four thousand six hundred and 
sixty-four dollars and 85 cents. Wo tind likewise, that another sale of 
the public Tobacco was made under the direction of the Executive on 
the 11th day of July last, on a credit of three months; which Tobacco, 
at the rates it was received by Law at the Treasury, amounts to the 
sum of eighteen thousand two hundred and seventeen dollars 10 cents. 
This sum is to be considered as making a part of the balance due from 
the Treasury, as the Tobacco is yet unpaid for. We find also Notes in 
the Treasury received since the last sale, viz: for 138 hhds., ghy. 146, 
716 lbs. of crop, and 1,291 lbs. nett Transfer; which, at the rates received 
by Law, amount to six thousand two hundred and eighty-four dollars 
46 cents. 

Wq find also Indents to the amount of twent3'^-nine doliara and 36 
cents, and 1 for 40. Money to the amount of one hundred dollars, which 
have been paid into the Treasury in discount for certain Taxes as the 
Law directs. 

Examined and Certified. 

Treasury Ist ol October, 1794. 


When the Executive thought proper to confer the superintendency of 
the Public Arsenal on me, the duties of the office were confined to eight 
smiths and three soldiers, with a salary for this service of one hundred 
pounds per annum, with the a<lvantrgeH of a ration for myself and 
another for my horee. 

Very soon after I came into office, the Hun'ble Board thought proper 
to augment the number of smiths to eii^hteen, and the soldiers to thir- 
teen ; in consequence of which, the duties of my office became propor- 
tionately increased, without any additional compensation therefor. 1 
feel myself Justified in suggesting this subject to the Board from a con- 


1794. viction that they had uniformly proportioned the emoluments of this to 
Oct. 1st the cares and trouble attendant on the discharge of its duties; for when 
Capt. Peyton resided hero with an Inferior Garrison to the present one, 
his salary was £300 per annum, and allowed a clerk with many other 
advantages. His successor, Major E. Laugham, with less than half the 
present Garrison, received £150 for his services. I trust the hon'ble 
Board will readily perceive the additional duties of my office, and will 
credit me when I assure them that I anv not only closely tied to the 
Superintendence of the shops, but am also obliged to act as officer of the 
Guard, Pay-master, clerk, and clothier to this increased number. 

I presume it is entirely unnecessary to make any further comments 
on the subject, and with a perfect reliance that the Board will from the 
1st of Octo'r, 1793, make such additional compensations for my services 
as to them may appear Just and right, 

I have, &c., 


Oct. i8t Governor Lbb to Lieutenant-Governor .Wood. 

Martinsburg I get out this morning for Fort Cumberland, crossing into Maryland 
and then re-crossing to Virginia to view the advanced partys from the 
two corps. To-morrow 1,000 men more from Winchester. The main 
body will follow in six days, and the rear division as soon as the last of 
the troops assemble. 

I do not expect to leave Fort Cumberland before the 15th, which 
unavoidable delay I lament extremely, but must submit to. The insur- 
gents keep profoundly secret their intentions. When we draw nearer, 
we shall know accurately their plan. 

A dispute has taken place relative to rank, between Lt. Col. Little of 
Fairfax, and Lt. Col. Lane of Loudoun. Be pleased to forward an ex- 
tract applicable to this case, authenticated of the decision of the board 
of General officers, under cover to Lt. Col. Little at Fairfax, and send 
to me, if not very inconvenient, a copy of the proceedings of that board, 
that in the many disputes which may arise we may appeal to the au- 
thority which has already acted upon this subject. 

I am, &c. 

Oct. 2d Petition to the Governor. 

Arthur Campbell of Washington county, prays for a remission of a 
fine for non-attendance as a Grand Juror at the October term of the 
District court of the county of Washington, and reasons therefor. 


WashingtoTi Coanty, oc. : 

Arthur Campbell made oath before me, a Justice of the peace for 1794. 
the said county, that the facte set forth in the within petition arc true. Oct. 2d 
Given under my hand, this 21st day of October, 1794. 


A. Lewis to the Governor. Oct. 3d 

The other day when I left the Frontiers nothing worth relating had Vanses 
happened since I wrote you last. I imagine the attention of the Enemy 
has chiefly been taken up with General Wayne's army, and I expect will 
be the case for this season out. Much opposition is made in many of 
those back counties against the Drafl ordered to be made — supposed for 
the purpose of quelling the Insurgents; indeed I am sorry and ashamed 
to inform your Excellency that I fear there is so many in favour of them 
that those drafted cannot be made go, and as the Danger at present on 
the Frontiers does not appear great, I take the Liberty of recommend- 
ing the Volunteer Militia that are under my command to serve on that 
expedition for two reasons. In the First place they are under pay and 
in readiness; and Secondly, I think them better than Drafted Troops. 
To shed the blood of our fellow citizens appears hard, but in my opi nion 
their conduct has been such as ought to rouse any person that is a friend 
to his country and a soldier. Any orders that you may think proper to 
give me on this occasion I am ready to receive. 

Sir, on a settlement with the paymaster for services done by my com- 
pany for the year 1793, there was due me for money advanced, three 
thousand and thirty-nine dollars, which General Tate informs me he 
made you acquainted with in a Letter by Mr. Kent. Necessity obliges 
me to send down for it. Certain it is, when Gen'l Tate brought out 
only part of the money for that year's service, I could have received 
this money agreeable to your instructions to him, but had I have done 
this the soldiers would have got none, and they were in want of every 
necessary which they could not get without money, and being discour- 
aged and uneasy about only a part of their money coming, which they 
had then been kept out of a long time, and to make them easy and do 
their duty with more chearfulness, I agreed if General Tate would in- 
form your Excellency of the sum due me, that I would wait as long as 
my situation would allow me. The vouchers for this sum are now in 
the hands of the paymaster, and nearly settles up the whole sum due 
my company for that year's service, and for which sum I have enclosed* 
an order to be paid to Mr. James Bryan, the bearer. If the treasury is 
not in a situation to advance the money, I hope a warrant on the treas- 
ary will be given him, which perhaps I may make answer my purpose. 

How extremely disagreeable must an officer feel that has advanced his 



1794. money for the support of the Pablic credit, and execations against his 
Oct 3d property, and the Pablic ears stopped against his complaints. 

The first is actually my case, and I dread the latter, for an order was 
formerly given by me to Mr. Hopkins for the purpose of paying a debt, 
which he was authorized to settle, and the consequence of which is now 
by its not being accepted, the Marshall is now here with an execution 
against my propert}"^, which altogether rests in your breast to let me 
suffer or not. The justness of my claim I refer you for to General 
Tate's letter by Mr. Kent. 

I am, &c. 

Please to pay to Mr. James Bryan, three thousand and thirty-niDC 
dollars due me by settlement with the paymaster for money advanced 
the volunteer militia for the year 1793. 

1 am, &c., 

Oct. 3rd, 1794. 
£500 in part, Oct. 9th, 94. 
To the Governor. 

Oct 3d Edmund Randolph to 

Philadel- It is with great mortification that intelligence has been received at 
P^^'^ the Department of State from the minister of the French Eepublic, that 
the British Frigate Terpsichore has carried as prize into Norfolk, or 
some of our ports in its neighborhood, the French privateer La Monta- 
gue. Our treaty with France positively forbids the admission of a for- 
eign ship of war under such circumstances. The rules which have been 
adopted by the President are pointed on this particular subject. What 
is due to all nations, we ought faithfully to render to the British; what 
is beyond the rights of the law of nations, wo are under no obligations 
to perform, especially towards the British shipping, which is hourly de- 
stroying our trade, and more especially in defiance of a treaty which 
ought to be held sacred. 

It appears, sir, by a letter from Governor Lee to the French Consul 
at Norfolk, on the 12th of September last, that he had undertaken to 
make the necessary inquiries into the fact, and to do what the nature of the 
case demanded. The Minister of the French Bepublic is uneasy at the 
delay of the Governor's answer, and is led to apprehend from thence a 
more injurious delay in the effecting of the Business. 

I have given him my Ideas of the cause of this affair; trusting and 
beheving that the patriotism of the Executive of Virginia will not suffer 
this gross insult to our Treaty. 


Let me entreat year, sir, to exert the attachment which I know year 1794. 
whole body to poeeess to national faith, and to cause to be rendered to Oct. 3d 
the French Republic that justice to which it is intitled, upon the pre- 
sumption that the facts as stated shall be found to be accurate. 

I have, Ac. 

Thomas Yerby to the Lieutenant-Governor. Oct 4th 

Protesting against the appointment of Col. Wm. Peachey to the Sher- Richmond 

ifEalty on the ground of his having enjoyed it previously. 


To the Governor or Presiding Member at the Council Board. Oct 4th 

Letter of Col. Wm. Peachey designed as a preface to his memorial 
which follows. 

Memorial of William Peachey of the County of Richmond. Oct 4th 

Col. Wm. Peachey in this memorial defends his claim to a second 
enjoyment of the Sheriffalty on the ground of a longer active ser- 
vice in the commission of the Peace than any of his competitors 
since his first term, & adducing in proof the records of the County Court 
of Richmond. 

Thomas Newton, Jr., to Jambs Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. Oct 4th 

I have received information that an infectious fever prevails at Balti- Norfolk 
more, and that the communication to Annapolis is stopped. We are 
alarmed at it here and shall take every precaution in our power to pre- 
vent its coming this way. A vessel is below here from Baltimore, 
which I have directed to perform quarantine until I hear from you, 
which I hope will be by return of the post. 

I enclose the Doctor's Report on her case, viz. : 

" Having visited on board the Schooner Adeline, Capt. BurwoU, from 
Baltimore, I find four of his people very ill with symptoms very alarm- 
ing — as to forbid their coming on shore or communication except by 
quarantine mode. 


From this I considered it proper to direct the Capt. to Quarantine 
until I hear from you. I think if a general proclamation could be issued 
it would answer, but at present it is considered that vessels coming 


n^- only Ih/fo iLe pbees taentioDed id raur prDdaamuon mre liable, bot 
iMA. Uh 4^/iumou tmiviy Lmv Ueeii my moUTe for directing Uiis v c p cc l to lie. mod 
1 «b»ll exjiiaifie jJI oc^ming frcnn ibeiioe & Philadelphia, as report aajs 
it m tLcre ako. 

I am. Ac 

\U:f:*:\wi'A at WirjcLeHtcr. Oct. 3d. 1794. fifly-four stand of arms and 
f</rty-rjiije Cartridge l>oxc«. 


Conductor of Stores, 

Major LuDgbam, Conductor Military Stores : 


PlcaHc accept in your caro two Guns, three Bayonets and one 
CJartroucb box, k oblige your friend & humble servant, 

WM. GILES, 4th Oct., 1794. 

Roce'd the above. One of the Bayonets broken. 


Kanawha, Oct. 6, 1794. 

I do hereby certify that John Shepherd and John Carter were 
wounded hy the Iiwlians in the year 1792, at which time they were sol- 
diuPH ii) my company then on duty by order of Col. George Clendenen. 
John Shepherd was wounded May the eleventh, 1792, and John Carter 
wttrt wounded July 4th, 1792, of which soldiers were cured of their 
woundH by Klixabeth Alsbury who desires compensation therefor. 

Given under my hand the above day and date. 


Kanawha County, Oct. 6, 1794. 

1 do hereby certity that the within mentioned service was performed 
by Cnptuin John .Morris and company in conformity to my orders, 
(liven under my hand the above day k date. 

GEO. CliBNDENlN, C. L. K. 


FATCHKf 10 TBI Gii>TUUIi>ft. I^H. 

Joeeph VwmAtH, Mimtcr PleaipolMtiaiy from the Fi^^sck Ke|mMii^ vV^ «h 
to the Uniied Stalc% to Mr. Heniy Le^ Goveraor of Tur^ftviL 


It was not antfl my rHam firom New Tork to Philadelphim tki^l I 
received the Letto* whieh you hmre done me the honor of writiii$ qk^ 
relative to the reehunation of a citixen of the State of Virginia. I i^m 
earnest to require of the Tiee-Consul fX Norfolk Information re«pocUn$ 
that aflair, and to anare yon that Justice the most scrupulous shall K> 
promptly rendered to the <ntixen for whom you internet younielt« 

Receive, Sir, the aBsnranceB of my Respect. 

R. Q0ABLSS TO Jakes Wood, Esq. ivt^ih 


Accompanying this Letter you will receive tho customary Quar- 
terly Return from the Arsenal, and an account of the Bxponsos attend- 
ant on the late Draught of arms, omitting stores on account of tho 
United States, for which I have debited the United States agreeable to 
direction from the Board. 

The Militia Guard has come into tho Garrison, and I am rmiuoMted tu 
know through what channel they are to receive compensation for tkoir 
services. The superintendant having contracted with several persons to 
carry on the Gun stocking business, and I believe, with a Brass Pounder 
to supply him with mountings, feels himself at a considurablo loss to 
determine in what manner he is to procure Musket LooIch to curry un 
the work. I trust the Honorable Board will favor mo with such Instruo 
tions on the subject as they may deem expedient. 

I have, ftu. 

Thomas Mathews to Libutbnant-Qovbrnor Wood, im, mh 

I have taken the liberty to addess you, supposing It would be agrmi« wUwUtmU^r 
able to the Executive to receive every information respecting tbe move- 
ment of the troops from this State. 

The troope have been considerably retarded for want of arms. TIhmki 
expected from the Northward have in a great mesJiure (aiUt^i; and such 
of them as came forward were incomplete. 

The Sute Arsenal has furnished us with :i,(m stand. This siipi^ly 
enabled us to forward 2,000 men eompleuly e^iuipped on Haturday laet 


1794. They marched under the command of General Dark. General Morgan 

Oct. 6th follows to-day. By his orders I shall remain here to arrange and carry 

forward the remainder of the State's qaota. My movement from this 

place depends on the arrival of the troops from Young's, Brad by *s, 

Jones*, Meade's and Bowyer's Brigades. 

From the best information we have received, we are led to hope they 
will join in three days. Should this be the case, I shall leave this in 
the course of the present week. 

The supplies expected here for the equipment of the troops have fallen 
far short for their convenient accommodation. They, however, submit 
with great cheerfulness, and appear actuated by true Republican zeal 
for the service in which they are engaged. 

Colonel Carrington deserves great credit for his attention to the army. 
He has spared neither trouble nor expense to procure every thing neces- 
sary to make the tour agreeable. This, however, requires more time 
than he can well spare. 

I am, &c. 
Every account we receive from the insurgents breathes peace. 

Oct 7th Thomas Newton, Jr., to Lieutenant-Governor James Wood. 

This will be delivered you by Capt. Calvert, one of the Commanders of 
the Company under the requisition of the President. I refer you to 
him respecting the arms we have which were sent down some time ago. 
1 showed them to Governor Lee when hero. They are worn out and 
unfit for service. Some have bursted with powder loads. 

The militia at Fort Nelson are discharged by a corps of the Gcn'l 
Government taking their place. 

From the death of Lt. Grayson, the command of the Company 
devolves to a Sergt., who now is at the Fort. 

Two vessels arc lying below, under apprehensions that they have the 
fever on board. They arc from Baltimore. 

I am, &c. 

Cash in the Treasury 9th Octo., 1794, $9,001 85. 

Officers of Government still to draw about 2,000 or 2,500 dollars 


Oct. 9th Application by the treasurer of the hospital at Williamsburg to the 
executive for warrant for £300 for use of hospital. 

zjkLOssfDJka OP >rjtr^ ?vPfeflfcN 3^< 

heriaotL rnics zbaae, int^ 'Jom icAacutii]Mna> a>iiii X>ii^«; >. J'.^av^ . ^^i 

from ^a» fciae. T!m mnta^ i^ni ;aw ^«^c%^ ^^^fci*» i^ 4i^^>* 'x*vc 
appeami as ia« 7UKifr nf 7«iiiiiirT*i%ii«' itiitNi 'hi i«?do«taM i» *j:i;a)^ Uvva 
the appii-rSKiLiDRr: ns&Of iy tm ^s»twtT^, M^fAii? * i^ v\wrciu^i;^vNak s 
BrigBties ar* «r^f^ Tir7*n!f re liij* — ai»ft.T ^*A.s»b> :ifcrctv<u. yocj^s^xvi^v. 
and hmre ssreatcxtesMis sf Von i^^^ ^ci^i7«f«ii nvofc KViit Btrt^ieck Cicoc 

aedre ferri«L Thrjr bus:! arift^ ftwia a waai otf ^i^^t^y iu vH^r l^^i^w^i 
for reflating tlie Miliiia : if «k>. \ht Ij%w odiii n.xi W l*xi> eQii\v aitt^:usKxl 

The maoner in which ihc vrix«p» hare appeviuv»J ^alp|M\) ha^ K^^u 
extremelv distressing — many of them J^iitoie oi \x^ld. humiug :ihiri. 
shoes, and hlankets. Some mode mav be sugg^^i^t to eiuhle tho iS>iU' 
manding officers, either of Regimentii or Brigade^ to t\irnUh tho iv^ui- 
sitioDs from their respectiTe corps with those edaential nocessaries. 
Until this be done the senricc mast be additional)^' severe ou the sol- 
diers and irksome to the officers. Desertions have become too Ireijueut. 
Some expedient most be fallen on to enforce obedience. This can only 
be done by a reference to the commandants of Regiments thro their 
respective Brigadiers. 

The citizens remaining at home, who hold eommissious in the Militia, 
should give no rest to a deserter in their neighborhood, the people on 
proper representation to them, would feel it tbeir interest to compel 
every man equally to contribute his portion of service. This appears 
to me the only mode. To send detaobiaeuts trom ibe Army after ibein, 
would be lessening our strength and be of no probable advantage. I 
have taken the liberty of enclosing for the information of the Executive, 
a general return of the Troops as they have arrived from Ibeir respec- 
tive Brigades. This will give you, Sir, some idea of the probable 
strength of our quota. This return bos been made by the Inspector 
General, who also performs the duty oi Muster Master. 1 find bis at- 
tention and assiduity to tbc discbarge of the duties oi bis appointment, 
a great means of promoting that order which in so desirable in the or- 
ganization of an army. Great credit is due to <'ol. Carrington for bis 
exertion to supply the army. 1 can say with great Truth, tbat we are 
indebted to him for every convenience, every necessary we enjoy, and 
that from his efforts we shall be enabled to discbarge our duly with 
more satisiaction than I at first expected, ills zeal can only be re- 
warded by his country. Ue ban the good wishes oi tbi^ Army with 
him. From the information 1 have received ironi the <lel;^chnienl.M ol' 


1794. Young's and Bradby's Brigades, I entertain a hope that they will join me 
Oct. 12th to-raorrow. If they do, I shall proceed on Tuesday to join General 
Morgan at Fort Cumberland, leaving at this place some trusty officer to 
collect and forward what stragglers may arrive after that period. 

I am, <&c. 

Oct. 12th I do hereby certify that at a Court held for Buckingham county on 
Monday, 13th of October, 1794, thirteen members present. 

The Court proceeded to recommend a Colonel Commandant for this 
county in place of William Perkins, who resigned his commission, being 
of full age, Charles Yancey, Gent., Sam'l Allen, Gent., and James Dil- 
lard came before the Court as candidates. The Court proceeded to bal- 
lot, accordingly after examination, Sam'l Allen had six votes, James 
Dillard none, & Charles Yancey, seven votes. Ordered that Charles 
Yancey be recommended to the Executive to be commissioned as Col- 
onel Commandent for this county. 

Note. — It so happened that I did not make the entry on the Minute 
Book through hurry of business. 

Given under my hand this 14th day of Octobei, 1794. 


Oct. 14th Arthur Campbell to the Governor. 

Washington Claiming Sheriffalty for 1795. 

Virginia, to- wit : 

At a District Court held at Washington Courthouse the 4th day of 
October, 1791: 

Arthur Campbell was fined for non-attendance as a grand juror. 

Oct. 14th George French to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. 

Fredericks- Information having been lodged with me that a most malignant fever 
Durg prevails at this time in the town of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, 
and that there are large quantities of goods shipping from that place for 
several towns in this State (some of the vessels are now in this river on 
their way to this place), in consequence of which I have had a meeting 
of the Common Council of this corporation, who have determined to 
place a guard about one mile below the town to prevent all vessels com- 
ing from Baltimore from coming up or landing goods until we have your 
orders how to proceed, which shall be strictly adhered to, 

I have, &c. 


J. K. Rbad to James Wood. 1794. 

In obedience to your directions, I have been on board the schooner Oct. 15th 
Federal, Captain Dennington. Ho sailed from Bowler's wharf (two Richmond 
miles from Fell's Point), Baltimore, on the 30th of September; brought 
but two hands from Baltimore, both of whom, with the Captain, are 
well, and no infectious disease on board. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Newton, tfR., to Lieutenant-Governor Jambs Wood. Oct. I5th 

Your favor of the 9th inst. received. The French Privateer La Mon- Norfolk 
tague and a retaken vessel wore brought as prizes into Hampton Boads 
by some of the British Frigates, which I know not. As I understood 
that the Govesnor had information thereof, I thought there was no occa- 
sion for further notice. I have also heard since I received your letter, 
that two Spanish vessels which were retaken, were brought in there also, 
but made no delay. I have ever considered my command did not extend 
farther than the limits of the Town, but have at all times given you the 
the earliest intelligence of arrivals and reports that came within my 
knowledge, and shall continue so to do; and should any infringement of 
the treaty between the French Republic and us happen, you may de- 
pend, if it comes within my knowledge, you shall have early notice of 
it. By the treaty, I consider the British ships of war ought not to be 
supplied with any articles whatever, for all of them have made prizes 
of the French and their property. (Article 17th.) It is sore against 
my will to show them any favor, as they daily capture or plunder our 

A sloop arrived this day from Madeira that was plundered of a quarter 
cask of wine a few days ago by a brig under Spanish colors, but sup- 
posed to be from Bermuda or Halifax. Her name, or the place, I am 
informed, could not be obtained. 

The brig Abigal arrived yesterday from Grenada, but did not bring 
too, according to orders from persons employed to examine vessels from 
infected places. I ordered her down and to undergo an examination, 
which the Captain complied with, and says the pilot, Wm. Bennet, of 
Hampton, with a branch, boarded him and took charge of his vessel with- 
out ever informing him of the proclamation. Such men deserve punish- 
ment, but I do not know how to inflict it unless the pilot law will. I 
have given every caution in my power to the pilots, and am sorry to 
say they paid but little attention to your orders or any cautions. I con- 
sider them more to blame than the Captains who arrive. The vessel 
was examined and found healthy, and is discharged, having had twenty- 
five days' passage. I will thank you for a copy of the President's in- 



Oct. 15tli 


structions; those I had were so often called for that they arc of 

or mislaid, and rely that my endeavours shall not be wanting to enforce 
them in all eases that comes to my knowledge. I have wrote to Mr. 
Oster, a copy of which I enclose, which I hope may be approved of, and 
communicated your letter to Major Lindsay. 

I am, &c. 

Oct. 15tlj 


OsTER, French Consul, to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. 

1 received the letter you have done me the honor to of writing mo of 
the 9th of October, on the subject of complaints that at many times I 
have carried to Government respecting the enemies of the French Re- 
public bringing into and keeping in Hampton Roads prizes which they 
have taken from the French. 

As you did; sir, 1 presumed that orders had been given for the Eng- 
lish Frigate the Terpsichore mentioned in my letter of the 31st of 
August, to the Governor, to leave Hampton Roads, but on the 25th of 
September, the tfhie at which I renewed my expostulations, that same 
Frigate and some others, nevertheless brought in other prizes, which 
they kept until their departure, and my letter on that subject remained 
without an answer. 

In future, if such a case should again occur, I will have the honor of 
informing you of it, and of applying to the Colonel Commandant of the 
militia of Norfolk, as you desire. 

This disposition being fully satisfactory, I shall immediately acquaint 
with it the Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic. 

Oct. 15th Thos. Xewton to Mr. Oster, Vice-Consul French Republic. 

Norfolk I have received a letter from the Lieutenant-Governor, James Wo<xi, 

Esq., containing a complaint from the minister of the French -Republic 
to the Secretary of State, viz: that the British Frigate Terpsichore had 
brought in the privateer La Montague a prizo to Norfolk, or some of 
our ports contrary to our treaty with France. 

Should anything of this kind come to your knowledge, you'll oblige 
me by letting me know it, that immediate measures may be taken to 
prevent an infringement of the treaty, and should any case come within 
my own knowledge, I shall take every step in my power to ensure a 
compliance of the treaty. 1 shall hold myself ready whenever you 
may think proper to inform me of any violations, and shall also inform 
you of any that may come within my own knowledge or information of 

I am, &c 


Opinion of General Marshall. 1794. 

An agent appointed under the act for the more effectual collecting Oct 15th 
certain arrears of taxes and duties, has purchased at a sale made in pur- 
suance of that law, a tract of land, which he has since sold for a sum 
more considerable than he purchased at, and it is inquired whether the 
surplus is a gain to the Commonwealth, or ought to be credited to the 

The Act of Assembly is by no means explicit. It will admit of either 
construction, and there is some weight in the argument in favor of 
either. ^ 

The object of the Commonwealth is not to speculate, but to secure 
the collection of debts due to itself. The purchase of the agent there- 
fore may be considered as a medium of collection. This idea derives 
aid from the clause directing the agent to soli for specie, commutables, 
or certificates as the arrears of taxes could or were to be discharged by 
law. It would seem probable that a discretion would have been left 
with the agent to have sold for either article as should be most advan- 
tageous for the Commonwealth, if the product of the sale was not to be 
credited to the sheriff. 

But on the other hand, if the Sheriff should be credited with the 
profits of the sale, he ought to be debited with the loss. It is by no 
means certain that this would be the judgment of the court, for the act 
speaks of the purchase of the agent as an absolute purchase, and not a 
mere substitution of himself in the place of the acting sheriff for the 
sole purpose of selling the property. The act too directs the amount of 
the sale to be endorsed on the execution. This forms an immediate 
credit to the sheriff, and the law nowhere authorizes a recharge of the 
deficiency should one arise. 

I am therefore of opinion that the agent ought not to credit the 
Sheriff for the proceeds of the sale made by himself, and I give that 
opinion with the less reluctance, because should, the law be otherwise, 
the party can immediately bring it before the court, and the Common- 
wealth will be assured on losing the profit of this sale, that she is secure 
against loss on a future occasion when the property may sell for less 
than the sum given by the agent. 

Oct. 16th, 1794. 

General Marshall's Opinion. 


Ques. 1st. Are those delinquent who have failed to obey the requi- 
sition lately made on the Militia, liable to the fine which is not to exceed 
one year's pay by the Federal law, & also to ten dollars for not appear- 
ing at the place of rendezvous by the State law ? 


1794. 2Dd. Are subjeots or citizens of foreign powers liable to the penalties 

Oct. 15th from Militia laws? 

Ans. Ist. I rather incline to the opinion that only the fine imposed 
by the Act of Congress ought to bo collected. 

The words of our Act of Assembly are general, and 1 have no doubt 
of the power of the legislature to give additional penalties for the breach 
of any law of the Union, but I rather suppose the act of the Virginia 
Assembly would be construed to apply to cases to which the Congress- 
ional Act could not apply. 

Ans. 2nd. I do not think the subjects or citizens of foreign powers 
liable to the penalties of our Militia law. The Act of Congress plainly 
excludes them from the Militia, and the Act of Assembly is expressed 
to bo enected for the purpose of carrying into effect the Militia system 
of the Union. 


Oct. 16th, 1794. 

Oct. 15th ^^' J« K. Read's Report. 


Inclosed you have the report of Doct. J. K. Eead from on board the 
vessel lately from Baltimore. 

He, with myself, do not think there is any occasion for performing 
Quarantine. But if your opinion should be otherwise, please to inform 

Your most humble servant, 

JOHN HAGUE, Superintendent 
October the 16th, 1794. 

Oct. i7th William Davies to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

I thank you for your promised attention to my memorial on the 21st 
instant. On the 20th and 22nd 1 have public sutes to attend in South- 
ampton by appointment, but I hope my absence may not be deemed a 
reason for postponing the decision. 

I am, &c. 

Oct 19th George French to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

Fredericks- I have the honor of your letter of the 15th instant; being out of town 
^^^ till the 17th instant prevented me from writing you sooner. I beg leave 
to nominate Mr. Jas. Allan, Jun'r, as a fit person to be appointed as Super- 
intendent of Quarantine for this Port. Ho has done that offioe last year, 


and this with greal yigilance. There is a veesel now from Baltimore 
loaded with gooda for this pbice, that is stopped bj the guard one mile 
below this town. Mr. Allan, who attends the guard morning and even- 
ing, informs me that the people on board said vessel appear to be 
healthy. She has been fourteen days on her passage trom the aforesaid 


If Mr. Allan should be appointed superintendent, it would be well to 

give him some instructions re this vessel. 

I have, &c. 


Oct 19th 

R. QuARLBs TO Jambs Wood, Likutenant-Qovbrnor. 

Oct. 20th 

Captain Tinsley waits now on the Board to receive their sanction to Columbia 
draw the money for the last quarter's wages and disbursements at the 
arsenal. The warrant I obtained when last with you is still unsatisfied, 
by which the public not only suffer by a loss of its artists, but I am my- 
self peculiarly mortified in not being enabled to fulfill contracts entered 
into on behalf of the state. 

Permit me, therefore, to solicit your friendship in relieving my dis- 
tresses, & you'll oblige, 

Your, Ac. 

J. Ambler to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

The extremely embarrassed state of the Treasury compels me to 
solicit the advice and direction ot the Hon'ble Board. 

We have at present in the public Chest $6,882 97 cents only, and we 
have had for some time past the most pressing demands made on us, on 
account of the State's subscriptions to the several Canals; the Federal 
Building; for the support of the Lunatic Hospital, and the public Arse- 
nal, to the amount of more than fifty thousand dollars — besides num- 
berless warrants hourly presented by individuals, and payment pressed 
in the most urgent manner. Should we attempt to discharge these as 
they come in, the Treasury will be exhausted in a few days, and of 
course the first-mentioned claims remain totally unprovided for. Under 
this extreme embarrassment, I must entreat the advice and direction of 
the Hon'ble The Executive, who alone are authorized to determine what 
claims the present exigencies of Government may render it necessary to 
give a preference to. 

I am, &c. 

Oct. 20th 





George Lee Turbbville to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

Oct. 20th Protesting against the appointment of Col. Wm. Peachey as Sheriff 

Richmond of Richmond Co., as contrary to Law. 

Oct. 2l8t 

George Salmon to the Governor. 

Baltimore ^J l&te letters and other plausible information, we learn that under 
an idea of a contagious Fever raging in Baltimore with great mortality, 
measures have been adopted under the sanction of your proclamation, 
to restrain the intercourse with this place, whereby persons carrying 
Goods and Travelling from hence to Virginia, are subjected to detention 
and inconvenienoy Injurious to commerce, and to Individual Interests 
in both places. We therefore think it our duty to address you on the 
subject, and state to you candidly and truly our real situation. 

A Fever did prevail in Baltimore during the months of August and 
September, and in the early part of the present month, which was 
attended probably with more than the usual degree ot mortality for the 
season ; but on the late favorable change of weather the disease abated, 
and for eight or ten days past has entirely disappeared, so that we can 
truly say the Inhabitants now enjoy their usual Health ; and we con- 
ceive that no danger can reasonably be apprehended from the freeest 
intercourse with this place, or from Goods transported from hence to 
other parts. Scarce any of our Fall Goods were arrived, and we believe 
none were opened untill the Town became Healthy, and it is still a 
doubt whether the Fever was Infectious — many of the Physicians posi- 
tively denying that it ever was so. 

These facts, which if necessary can be ascertained on the most satis- 
factory evidence, will, we hope, be sufficient to induce a discontinuance 
of measures which prudence had urged you on this occasion to adopt 
for the safety of the citizens of your state. 

In behalf of the Committee of Health, with great consideration and 

I am, &c. 

Oct. 2i8t Thomas Brend & Archibald Cdrrie to James Wood, Lieutenant- 

Richmond Engaged in binding the Laws of the State solicit an advance of money 
to enable them to perform their contract. 



Thomas Nbwton, Jr.-, to thb Lieutbnant-Qovbrnor. 

A vessel arrived yesterday from Jamaica, whose Captain & Mate died 
on the passage. I have directed her to perform quarantine until I can 
with certainty know whether any other of the crow may be infected 
with the fever. Two others have laid quarantine, one is gone to sea, 
the other discharged, the crew being in health. I really am of opinion 
that the State should purchase Crany Island for this purpose, as it 
might in all probability be the means of stopping infectious diseases be- 
ing spread in this country. At present we are obliged to trespass on 
the owner to bury the dead, and in many other instances. I hope you 
will excuse me for mentioning this case, but as the Assembly are shortly 
to meet, I thought if the case was laid before them they would not 
hesitate to purchase it, as humanity dictates that those unfortunate 
people who are compelled for general safety of the public, should have a 
place on shore for recreation. It is the case in Pennsylvania. They 
have I am informed two houses — one for the diseased, and another for 
those in health to remain in a few days. 

Three British line of battle Ships are in Hampton Road. Supposed 
Admiral Murray's squadron. The Frigates expected, are ofP. 

I am, &c. 


Oct. 21st 

Edmund Randolph to tub Governor. 

It gives me pain to inform your Excellency that Mr. Fauchet, the 
Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Republic, believes that he has 
reason to complain of the treatment which French Prizes have too often 
received in our Ports. 

He represents, that by the machinations of the enemies of his country, 
the captors are harrassed by seizures, arrests and detentions the most 
vexatious and cruel. That as soon as the claimants are foiled in one 
attempt they betake themselves to another. On my part, as from the 
confidence which the President reposes in the Executives of the States, 
they have been requested to fulfil the general rules laid down by him. 
I could only undertake to address your Excellency upon the subject. 

Mr. Fauchet is anxious that a bond should be given by the Claimants 
before the Executives shall interpose in any case of a Prize. Doubting 
the legality and expediency' of this suggestion, I have it not in my 
power to recommend it. But, I have assured him that none of the 
Chief Magistrates of the States will ever interfere without a strong pre- 
sumption of title. A late circumstance has, however, brought to view 
the practicability of oppression, unless precautions be adopted by the 
Executives. The claimants maj* often pursue a double chance, by first 
procuring a trial before the Governors, and if defeated, by next resort- 

Oct 22d 



17M. ing to the CoortB of Law. It is desirable, therefore, thmt wheresoever 
iJei. 23d an applicatioo shidl be made to yoor ExeeUenej with respect to a 
prize, voQ shoaid cause it to be examined well, whether the Coarts have 
jariadiction to enquire into the aJlair. U thev have, then it seems 
proper that voar Excellency shall not interpose. If the Courts have 
not jurisdiction, and you are convince*! that there is good ground lor 
detaining the prize in onier to comply with the rules established by the 
President last year, then, and then only, your Excellency will so pro- 
ceed. By these means, the vexation complained of will be avoided as 
far as lies in the power of the Executive oi the United or Individual 
States, and the construction of the Treaty will be left to the Judiciary, 
who are more peculiarly the expositors of it. By these means also, the 
article of that Treaty will be best preserved from violation, and the 
honor of our nation sustained. 

But nothing which I have now taken the liberty of offering to your Ex- 
cellency's consideration, is intende<i to check the succour which at any 
time you may find it necessary to give to the officers charged with the 
execution of legal process. 

I have, Ac. 

Oct. 23d Robert Brooks to James Wood, Libutexaxt-Goterstor. 

Fredericks- Permit me to inform you that in the months of June and July last, I 
^"^ (as counsel for the Commonwealth), attended the Escheators of the 
counties of Fauquier and Frederick, when juries were a second time 
empanneled to inquire into the ri^ht of the State to such parts of the 
Manor of Leeds as lye within those counties; but as the juries did not 
agree and nothing decisive was done. I thought it then unnecessary to 
trouble the Executive with any communications on the sabject. 

I however now have the satisfaction of informing yoa thai on the 
29th of August last I was more successful with a third jury impanneled 
tor the county of Fauquier, who unanimously found that the Common- 
wealth is entitled to ninety thousand acres of land, being that part of 
the Manor or of Leeds which Ives in that county. 

This inquisition was regularly returned to the last District Court hold 
at Dumfries, on the 21st inst.. where I also attended on the part of the 
Commonwealth, and am happy to add that after a lengthy and lull argu- 
ment of the ease, the Court sanctioned the finding of the jury by ren- 
dering a judgment pursuant to it. 

From this judgment the claimant of the land hath appealed, which I 
supposed it proper immediately to communicate that such steps are 
deemed proper to sustain the right of the Commonwealth in the Court 
of Appeals, may be directed. 

The Governor's letter directing me to attend at the last district court 


held at Winchester in aid of the Deputy Attorney there (in consequence 1794. 
of my absence from home), was not received in time to enable me to com- Oct. 23d 
pl^ with its contents, or they would have experienced every attention 
on my part. 

I have, &c. 


Mr. Pollard will be content at present with a warrant for nine 
hundred and eighty dollars 18 cents, in behalf of the James River Com- 

Your obed't servant, 

Treasury, 23rd Octo., 1794. 

John Carter to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. Oct. 23d 

In consequence of a report which was communicated to me by the 
Auditor, tending much to my disadvantage, I now take the liberty of 
enclosing to you such documents as I can at present obtain, in order to 
contradict an assertion fraught with malice and design. The low state 
of the Treasury, together with Mr. Ambler's request to accommodate 
some Gentlemen who had demands on the Treasury, & my friendship 
for particular characters, I was induced to advance them the nominal 
amount of their claims, wh — was thankfully acknowledged. These 
friendly transactions have been commented on by men who are unwor- 
thy of my notice, and whose suspicions merit your contempt. They 
have attempted to convert these friendly exertions into negotiations of 
profit and gain. My acquaintances who live in distant parts of this 
State, have frequently required my assistance in the disposal of their 
public and private papers, which I have always attended to without 
receiving any emolument whatever, and should have conceived myself 
unworthy of their acquaintance had I withheld my friendly assistance. 
This may have given rise to the prevailing report, and shall esteem as 
a singular favour if you will communicate it to the members of your 
honorable Board, and flatter myself they will agree with me that it is a 
malicious and groundless assertion. Had I time I could procure many 
other documents in support of my friendly aid, which has been so gross- 
ly misapplied by some censorious persons. 

Relying on your disposition to redress the wrongs of an injured per- 
son, I rest assured you will have that justice done wh — 1 hope you will 
conceive I deserve. 

Am, &c. 

P. S. — The indisposition of Col. Goode, prevents me from obtaining 


1794. his certificate shewing I advanced him in part of his salary, and refus- 
Oct 23d ijxg at the same time making any discount wh — he proposed. 

J. C. 

Certificate of Wm. Gait of the generosity of Jno. Carter in advancing 
money on his claims without charge. 

Certificate of same by W. Fenwick. 

Certificate of Wm. Berkeley of advance of money to him by Jno. 

Certificate of Jno. Hopkins of advance of money by Jno. Carter 
without charge. 

Joseph Prbntis to Mr. John Carter. 


Williams- Certificate of Jos. Prentis of money advanced to him by Jno. Carter 
burg without charge. 

Oct. 23d Governor Lee to General Wood. 

Head -^1^ hopes of my return to Richmond in time for the Gen'l Assembly, 

Tp^rvi"*' being done away, you will of course tako the part assigned to you by 
berland the Constitution, and make all necessary communications to the Gr. As- 
sembly belonging to the Executive Department. 

I enclose two Letters, which plase to present, and a copy of General 
Orders which will announce our situation and progress with everything 
worthy of notice at present. My best respects and regard attend ail 
my friends with you. 


Oct. 23d General Orders. 

Head Quarters, Bedford, Oct. 2l8t, 1794. 

Parole, Virtue. Countersign, Perseverance. 

To-morrow at the hour of eight in the morning, the light corps will 
advance. Major-General Morgan will lead the one acting with the lett 
wing, and Major-General Frelinghuysen the one with the left wing. On 
the next day at the same hour, the army will move in two columns, the 
right wing composed of the New Jersey and Pennsylvania lines^ form- 
ing the right column under the immediate command of his Excellency 


Governor Mifflin^ the left wing composed of the Maryland and Virginia 1794- 
liDOB, forming the left column with the commander-in-chief. The Qaar- Oct 23d 
tennaater-General will coDtinue with the right wing, and the proper 
officers in his department, and the department of forage, attended by a 
sufficient number of axemen, will accompany the light corps, under 
whose protection they are to prepare all necessaries for the army. 
Abundance of straw must be ready for the troops, inasmuch as their 
health greatly depends on their sleeping dry and warm. The utmost 
regularity must be preserved on the march and in the mode of encamp- 
menty which must be alwaj^ in three lines, the cavalry in the centre, 
unless prohibited by the nature of the ground. Dragoons are dreadful 
in light, and impotent without light, there safety during night must 
therefore be regarded; the artillery to move as a park and march in 
the centre. 

Constant communication must be preserved between the light troops 
and the main body, and between the respective columns with all other 
precations necessary to protect the troops from surprise or insult. 
Whatever may be the professions of the insurgents, they are not to be 
regarded. Men who have acted a part so atrocious will cheerfully add 
to their guilt, if it can be done with impunity. Carelessness in the 
conduct of the army will invite attempts upon it, and produce war, 
while vigilence in the conduct of it, will arrest the one and inhibit the 
other. The different columns will be precise in the execution of the 
daily marches assigned to them respectively, and if from unavoidable 
accidents either should fall short one day, the deficiency is to made up 
the next day, otherwise the mutuality in operation will be lost, and the 
army will be exposed to the disgrace and evils of discordant movements. 

The particular routes with the necessary instructions will be given 
to the commanding Generals, and will of course form the rule of their 

When the right wing reaches it will divide into two columns, 

the New Jersey Line and Brigade of Cavalry under Brigadier White, 
forming one column, to be commanded by his Excellency Governor 
fiowell, will take a direction to the right, while the Pennsylvania Line 
with the elite corps will pursue this original route under the orders of 
Governor Mifflin. When the column divides, the right will move from 
their right and the left from their left, chosen parties of horse must fol- 
low the rear of each wing to arrest stragglers from the line, and protect 
the property of individuals, to the due preservation of which in every 
respect the utmost attention is to be paid by officers of every rank. 

The President of the United States being about to return to the seat 
of Government, has been pleased to direct the commander-in-chief to 
present to the army his affectionate wishes for their welfare and happi- 
ness. In no way can the very grateful command be so fully executed, 
as by publishing the very words of the President which are accordingly 
subjoined : 


1794. « United SUtee (Bedford), October 20th, 17»4. 

Oct. 2;M "To Henry Lee, Esquire, Comraander-in-chief of the Militia Army on 
its March against the Insurgents in certain western counties of Pennsyl- 


"Being about to return to the seat of Government, I cannot take 
my departure without conveying through you to the army under your 
command, the very high sense I entertain of the enlightened and pa- 
triotic zeal for the Constitution and the Laws, which has led them 
cheerfully to quit their families and homes and the comforts of private 
life, to undertake, and thus far to perform a long and fatiguing march, 
and to encounter and endure the hardships and privations of a military 
life. Their conduct hitherto, aflFoi'ds a full assurance that their perse- 
verance will be equal to their zeal, and that they will continue to per- 
form with alacrity whatever the full accomplishment of the object of 
their march shall render necessary. No citizens of the United States 
can ever be engaged in a service more important to their country. It 
is nothing less than to consolidate and preserve the blessings of that Revo- 
lution, which at much expense of Blood and Treasure constituted us a 
free and independent Nation. It is to give to the world an illustrious ex- 
ample of the utmost consequence to the cause of mankind. I experience 
heartfelt satisfaction in the conviction that the conduct of the troops 
throughout will be in every respect answerable to the goodness of the 
cause and the magnitude of the stake. There is but one point on which 
I think it proper to add a special recommendation, it is this, that every 
officer and soldier will constantly boar in mind, that he comes to sap- 
port the Laws, and that it would be peculiarly unbecoming in him to 
be in any way the infractor of them ; that the essential principles of 
free government confine the province of the Military when called forth 
on such occasions to these two objects: 

"First, To combat and subdue all who may be found in arms in oppo- 
sition to the national will and authority. 

" Secondly, To aid and support the civil magistrate in bringing offend- 
ers to justice. The dispensation of this Justice belongs to the civil 
magistrate, and let it ever be our pride and our glory to leave the sacred 
deposit there unviolated. 

"Convey to my fellow-citizens in arms, my warmest acknowledgements 
for the readiness with which they have hitherto seconded me, in tho 
most delicate and momentous duty the Chief Magistrate of a free peo- 
ple can have to perform, and add my affectionate wishes for their health, 
comfort, and success. Could my further presence with them have been 
necessary or compatible with my civil duties, at a period when tho ap- 
proaching commencement of a session of Congi*ess peculiarly urges me 
to return to the seat of Government, it would not have been withheld. 
In leaving them, I have less regret as I know I commit them to an able 


and fiuthfnl direction^ and that this direction will be ably and faithftiUy 1794. 
seconded by all.'* Oct. 23d 

To this parental council of our beloved chief Magistrate, the com- 
mander-in-cbiei begs leave to add the flattering hopes he entertains, 
that the conduct of the army will justify the favorable anticipations 
formed of it. Thus shall we establish to ourselves a character the most 
amiable, and exhibit to posterity a model for all future armies. 

Lest, however, some individuals may have crept into the ranks, cal- 
lous to all the feelings of honor and virtue, and consequently the fair 
character so justly due to the great body of the troops, may be snatched 
from them by the licentious tresspasses of a few, the commandants of 
Divisions, Brigades, Regiments, and corps, are required to examine 
minutely their respective troops before the army moves, and to dismiss 
all whom they may deem unworthy of participating in the honorable ser- 
vice in which we are embarked. 

Six rounds of ammunition are to be issued to all corps as yet unfur- 
nished; the troops are to draw two Day's provisions on alternate Days 
during the march; the Pennsylvania and Maryland lines to draw on one 
Day, and the New Jersey and Virginia lines on the next day; this sys- 
tem will be convenient to the superintendants of provisions, and conse- 
quently tend to secure punctuality in the supplies. 

The Commander-in-chief has been pleased to appoint Major Alexan- 
der and Major Thomas Nelson, Deputy Adjutants-General, Dr. Welford, 
Surgeon-General, Majors Heard, Morgan, and Ghetwood, aids-de-camp. 
They are to be respected accordingly. 

It is to be understood that no appointments in the line of the army 
are to affect appointments of any sort heretofore made. 

James Hankins to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governok. Oct. 24th 

Resigning commission as captain of volunteer militia. 

Charles Cocke to Samuel Coleman. Oct. 24th 

Authorizing him to draw his pay as commissary of Capt. Hawkins' Lee county 

James A. Bradby to the Executive of Virginia. Oct. 26th 

The pain and concern I have experienced since seeing my letter to his Sarry 
Excellency, Henry Lee, Esquire, dated the 12th of September last in 
Jlr. Daviee' paper, with the remarks oi a man whom I shall make free 



1794. to mentioD to the world at a sabsoquent period, ia more easily conceived 
Oct. 26th than expressed. What strikes alarm in my Breast is to discover a let- 
ter written by a civil & military officer, and from the purest of principles, 
and to one of the pillars of our Government, published to the world 
without an inquiry being made whether what was contained in the let- 
ter was true or not, or whether he was justifiable in giving the informa- 
mation he did. 

The cause of my assuming the freedom to write you is from a desire 
of being informed whether a copy of my letter was given out by order 
of the Board. If it was given out by order of the Board, I suppose it 
must be correct, for I have ever entertained a high opinion of the Exec- 
utive of Virginia, and never had an idea that they would do anything 
that was either repugnant to the common usages or law of the lacd. 
But pardon me; should this letter have been given out by order of your 
Hon'ble Body, it cannot, as I conceive, Gentlemen, have any good effect. 
Rely on it, that it puts a stop to many, and perhaps necessary, commu- 
nications to your Board, for if they are made as appears, the informanta 
must prepare to answer plain Blackgardism either by the pen or some- 
thing more harsh. And if men are compelled to use either for doing 
but their common duty, altho' they may not be less averse to fighting 
than men generally are, yet there are few, very few indeed, that are dis- 
posed to personate the State or Union. 

I have not presumed (as I am of an opinion) to writ« anything to your 
board but what I conceived it my duty to do. 

Was the highest officer in the State or Union to do or say what I 
thought derogatory to the interest and happiness of either, I would 
have informed against them. But I am to be thus rewarded for the zeal 
I have at all times manifested for my country, & on the late unfortunate 
occasion I can and will publish to the world affidavits of my conduct 
Should these things, Gentlemen, be sanctioned, jealousies will hover 
around men, and who are actually the despots will become a question. 

The most of your honorable Body have been acquainted with me in 
the character of a legislator for several years. You can determine how 
much of a despot I am. I despise the name Gentlemen. I love peace, 
liberty, and equality. I would step forward at any moment to support 
it. It is, and has been, my principle to do everything to support my 
country, & reclaim any feverish humors that designing men may wish 
to infest a country or even a county with. But, Gentlemen, those senti- 
ments will soon grow feeble and dwindle to nothing if they are to be 
rewarded by the publication of letter or letters. Reflect for a moment 
when this letter was wrote — at a period when the whole American 
world represented in the strongest colours an unhappy civil war. Emis- 
saries, it was said, were going through our country with British Gold in 
their pockets, and that it might have found its way into my Brigade 
was a matter not very questionable. At the time I thought it prudent to 
write, & send an Express to the Governor. I considered it my duty, 


being charged and honored with the offices. I am to let not the Bmall- 1794. 
est attempt that might be made to disturb the minds of men by any act Oct. 26th 
or declaration, pass unnoticed, and was ready myself to have gone for- 
ward, and would have done so cheerfully had it have been my lot in the 
support of my country & its laws. But rewarded I am, indeed 1 The 
circuniBtance must alarm every man who regards quiet, and wishes to 
preserve the laws of our country. 

I am hopeful, Gentlemen, you will excuse (if it may be so termed) 
the prolixity of my letter. I have no other apology to offer than the 
importance of the cause which has induced me to write. 

lir. Eowland Holt will hand this letter to your Hon'ble Body when 
setting, and the favor will be forever gratefully remembered if you will 
take the same immediately under consideration, and favor me with an 
answer by him. 

1 have, &c. 

At a Court of Quarterly Sessions continued and held for Patrick county, Oct 30th 
on Thursday, the thirtieth day of October, 1794: Winchester 

Thomas Whitlock recommended as a proper person to serve in the 
commission of the peace. 

E. Lanoham to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. Oct. 30th 

I am this moment about to leave this place to join the army with two Richmond 
waggon loads of Cartridges which I have been detained to get made. 
All accounts that I have lately received from the westward assure that 
there will be no fighting, and that our militia will shortly return. 

You was kind enough to say when I last had the pleasure to see you, 
that my representative at the Point of Fork should not want money to 
carry his purchases for me into effect, oven if you was obliged to nego- 
tiate so as to procure the money for him until the quarterly returns 
came on to reimburse it. 

I have remitted him (with the assistance of funds from this place) 
200 dollars, in addition to the 200 that the Executive was good enough 
to advance when I was down, through your favorable interference. I 
judge that he will require about 200 dollars more to complete his pur- 
chases, as I wish meat and corn laid in sufficient to carry my contract 
to an end, which is the 1st of June next. You will therefore oblige me 
by getting 200 dollars advanced to my brother, to whom I have sent 
this letter to be forwarded to you by some person that he can depend 
on, which with the moneys sent him will lay in my provision. If it 
can't be advanced, if you will please so to negotiate for me as to send JM 

him the money, it will be a singular fkvor, and you will further oblige 


1794. me very much by getting an advance by negotiation or otherwise, so as 

Oct. 30th to furnish Mr. Archibald Magill with forty-seven pounds, ten shillings, 

provided he leaves Richmond before the 1st of January next. At that 

time there will be considerably more due me than will reimburse the 

whole, and will lay me under additional obligations. 

I got to this place with the stores Irom the Point of Fork before any 
stores of consequence arrived belonging to the United States. 

I have, &c. 

Oct. 30th Charles Yancey to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Richmond Your favor of the 29th inst. is gratefully received, wherein I learn 
that you, with advice of Council of State, have advised that the com- 
mission of Colonel Commandant for the County of Buckingham issue to 
Sam*l Allen, Esq., contrary to the order of the worshipful Court of 
Buckingham. Conceiving him entitled by rotine, & further having un- 
derstood that there was a very thin board of council on the determina- 
tion, I request of you not to issue a commission to Mr. Allen until a 
second & full board can be had to reconsider the Recommendation be- 
fore mentioned. 

You will please advert to your records and you will find that I bore a 
Lieutenant's Commission & then a Captain's several years since, and 
further on examination you will find that Mr. Allen got a Major's Com- 
mission about three months since when the Court recommended all the 
Militia Officers to complete the Roll agreeable to Law by Grades, Ac., 
but you will find this case is a vacancy (wherein the Law gives the 
Court a latitude). I shall, therefore, rest assured the business will be 
reconsidered and no commission issued until then. After which time 
you will be kind enough to inform me by letter. 

I am, &c. 

P. S. — You will find that I was a resident of Louisa County when I 
was commissioned many years ago. Since moved to Buckingham. 

Nov. ist W. GoosLEY TO Samuel Shield, Esq. 

York Promising to pay the amount of an execution in the hands of Shield, 

Sh'ff, against him for deficiency of Rev. of 1791, due by Sheriff Smith 
with costs and damages if required. 

Enclosing a bond for £80 & an execution to be exchanged. 

Remember the Business of the orphans whose income will not support 


The fine recoTered agunst Mr. Shields, Sheriff York, for not return* 1794. 
ing according to Law an Bx'on against his immediate predecessor, Mr. Nov. let 
Gooeley, amounts to Bight Dollars 98 cents. The Ez'on is returned & 
satisfied & Mr. Shield has paid the costs on the judgment for the fine. 

J. PENDLETON, Auditor. 
Auditor's Office, 14th Nov., 1794. 

Gborge Revelet to the Governor. Nov. let 

I received the Deed for me to get signed by Ballentine and Reveley, Portsmouth 
which I should have got executed long before this, but at that time I 
was taken sick, and has continued so to this time. I am now well and 
fit for Business, and will proceed about it Immediately, but am at pres- 
ent not furnished with money to bear my expcDces. Reveley lives near 
Fredericksburg, and Ballentine in LoudouD county. I intend going by 
Land; the ezpence of travelling I suppose to cost about thirty dollars, 
which, if you will please to give me an order for on any Gent'n in Nor- 
folk or this place, I will immediately set off on y'r Business and return 
to Richmond in three weeks. 

I am, &c. 

At a court of Directors oi the Hospital for the maintenance and cure Nov. let 
of persons oi unsound minds, held at the said Hospital in Williamsburg 
the first day of November, 1794: 

Jas. Ruffin recommended for vacancy in court of Directors caused 
by resignation of Joseph Hornsby. 

At a court of Directors of the Hospital for the maintenance and cure 
of persons of unsound mind, held at the said Hospital in Williamsburg 
the 29th day of October, 1794 : 

Ordered, That Greo. Carter be recommended to fill vacancy in court 
of Directors caused by death of Chas. Hunt. 

W. Wilson to Lieutenant-Governor James Wood. Nov. 2d 

I am honored with your letter of the 25th of Octo'r, and beiir leave to Portsmouth 
inform you your requisition therein shall be complied with so far as lies ^^^ 

in my power. #>S 

That the laws of Nations, neutrality, and Justice are regardless bars T > 



1794. to the depredation of those tyrants are unquestionable facts, as we have 
Nov. 2<i both proof and existence under our noses in this very port. In making 
this declaration, however, I may incur the charge oi a breach of duty, 
but it is not the case, sir. What power I have has been exerted. I 
bave made frequent remonstrances to the refractors respecting the im- 
pressment of our native seamen, &c., &c. 

Many letters have been handed me from these unhappy citizens thoD 
on board the British ships under impressment, and the iron hand of op- 
pression, begging their country to interpose in their releasment. 

It is true I did prevail on Commodore Kogers to deliver up two, but I 
have reason to believe they carried off ten times two. We are at pres- 
ent rid of the gentry ; they proceeded to sea last week. 

Please forward the enclosed to Governor Lee, and it will oblige me. 

I have, &c. 

Nov. 3d John Evans, Jr., to the Governor. 

Resigns commission as Lieutenant in company of volunteer militia. 


By the Lieutenant-Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia: 

Whereas satisfactory information has been received that the ma- 
lignant fever which unhappily prevailed at Baltimore, in the State of 
Maryland, has subsided, I have thought fit, by and with the advice of 
the Council of State, hereby to revoke my proclamation of the 7th day 
of October last, directing the performance of quarantine in certain cases 
by vessels arriving from the port of Baltimore. 

Given under my hand, as Lieutenant-Governor, in the absence of the 
Governor, and under the Seal of the Commonwealth, at Richmond, the 
4th day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and ninety-four, and of the Commonwealth the nineteenth. 

[Seal.] JAMES WOOD. 

Nov. 4th William Ap. Thomas Parsons to Jambs Wood, Lieutenant- 

Elizabeth I" your letter to me of the 25th (October), as commandant of the 

City county militia of this connty, you desire me to be attentive to seventh ariiele of 

the Commercial Treaty with France; also to the correspondent rules of 

the President of the United States, said to be communicated lo me in the 


Govemor'B laUer of the 5%li of Deoomber. I must beg lenTe to infora 17M. 
you that the said letter has never eome to hand, nor do I know what Nov. 4lh 
those roles are. 

I have, &c. 

J. Amblbr to Jambs Wood, LiBUTSNANT-GoYUtifOR. Nov. 4th 

OfTering to pay the demand of the Court of Directors of the Lunatic Trtasury 
Hospital, on the order of the Board, by issue of a warrant for three 
hundred pounds. 

John Pendleton to James Wood, Lieutbnant>Oovbrnor. Nov. 4th 

The enclosed letter, from Agent Bavies, alludes to an ex*on issued in 
behalf of the Co'wealth against the securities of Wm. Robertson, for- 
merly Sheriff of P. George, for a balance of the taxes due for the year 
'89, about 350 dollars, exclusive of costs, and I am surprised that lands 
should have been taken and sold for so small a sum, as the securities 
must possess goods and chattels more than sufficient to have paid the 
debt; and, presuming the fact to be so, it would appear to mo that the 
execution was not served according to law. (Acts of '92, chap. 16, sec- 
tions 9, 11 and 16.) 

I presume too that the lands taken were the property of Robertson, 
which were not liable to the operation of that Ex'on, and bonce surmise 
that they were taken and sold to relieve the securities. 

I am, &c. 

John McCullock to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. Nov.eth 

I wrote to you since I saw you in which I informed you that the In- Ohio county 
dians had been very troublesome on our frontiers while I was from homo. 
Shortly after I wrote to you, I had the Mortification to hear of the In- 
dians taking of three horses within a half a mile of my station, and my- 
self without any command to have them followed. 

At this time it appears to be a doubt whether General Biggs will go 
to the assembly or no; if he should attend the sessions we shall be at a 
loss for a Muster Master to Muster our Ebingers when their times is ex- 
pired, as be was appointed to do it; therefore, I hope the Executive will 
give me such orders as will be necessary on the occasion, so that there 
will be no difficalty in our pay and muster Rolls. If the Bangers should Jfl 

be continued another year it would be of advantage to the officers who f^ 


1794. is to command them to have their orders before the present time is ex- 
Nov. 6th pired. I hope the Execatiye will, if in their power, send us the Balance 
of our last year's pay. If it please the Executive to honor me with a 
command next year in this service I shall incline to continue. I am tt 
a loss to no whether the spies that is under my command is to be dis- 
charged with the Bangers or no, and hope that the Executive will give 
me instructions what to do in that case. I shall in a few days take mj 
post with the Bangers as the time of my suspension is nearly out. 

I have, Ac. 

Nov. 7th Daniel Carroll, Gust's Scott and William Thornton to thk 


City of We have been compelled to trouble you before on the subject of the 
Washington third Donation granted by the Commonwealth of Virginia towards 
erecting the public buildings for the Congress of the United States. The 
late commissioners we find had relied on receiving the amount before 
this time. The disappointment places us under very considerable diffi- 
culties. We trust that on a due consideration of all circumstances, the 
Executive or honorable Legislature of the Commonwealth will take 
such measures as will discharge immediately the order which has been 
given by the President of the United States in December last, conform- 
able to the resolve for that purpose. 

We have, &c. 

Nov. 8th W. Pbnwick to Augustine Davis. 

Richmond Requesting payment of amount due £607 5. 4., money advanced for 

Nov. 9th Charles Yancey to James Wood. 

Buckingham By this instant you have had a second board of council. You will 
please to inform me by favor of Colonel Cabell, who will deliver yoor 
letter to some waterman who will deliver it to me. The first decision 
of Council has caused a great Tremour in this county, inasmuch that a 
very great contempt is offered to the Court, and expect that an appli- 
cation of some nature will be brought before the present Assembly rela- 
tive thereto. Having understood that Mr. Allen's letter to the Executive 
is of a Pusillanimous nature, therefore request a copy at your Instance; 
I hope the clerk will have notice to send me a copy with his charge 


aniraxed, ^hich shall be forwarded to him. If it has so happened that 1794. 
the Bxecutive have not decided between Mr. Allen and myself by the Nov. 9th 
reception of this letter, I request of yon, Sir, for a postponement until 
the 25th inst., at which time will be present, if yon will be so kind as to 
inform me thro* the channel of Col. Cabell, who will forward a line to 
me), at which time circumstances may still appear much filler before 
your honorable body. 

I am, &c. 

Buckingham, 14th October, 1794. 
Dear Sir: 

In consequence of the acquaintance which I have the honor to 
have with you, I take the liberty to trouble you with a few lines. 

The office of Col. Commandant of this county becoming vacant by the 
resignation of William Perkins, Esq., I did think as I now do, that be- 
ing next in commission regarding grade and seniority in the Militia of 
this county, I was entitled of right to be appointed to the vacancy. 
The majority of one of this Court has thought proper, however, to 
recommend a certain Mr. Yancey, a Gent., as will appear by our records 
never bore any military commission in this county, to the Executive as 
person proper to supply the vacancy. 

I beg leave, therefore, to trouble you, as the only acquaintance I have 
in Council, to lay this matter before your- board, and if it is my right to 
obtain a Commission for. Sir, 

Yours, Ac. 

Thomas Newton, Jr., to Jambs Woods, Lieutenant-Governor. Nov. 9th 

Inclosed is an account of the charges of the look-out boat employed Norfolk 
to prevent diseases being brought into this State. There are some other 
charges which I could not come at now. which shall be hereafter sent on : 
Such allowance as you and the Council may think proper for my ser- 
vices will be perfectly agreeable. I have been at some expences, which 
I kept no account of & shall be contented for them in the allowance 
made. The season being so far advanced that I think there is no danger 
of any disorder being brought in, if you think proper I will discharge 
the boat; I shall await your order for it. A British Ship of War is in, 
from whence I have not heard. 

We have been at a groat loss respecting our general musters, not 
knowing who was to order them, and a misconstruction of the Law in 
some of us. Sec. 17th of the Law requires the Brigadier- General to order 
the muster, and in his absence the commanding officer of the Brigade, 
we know not who he is, having never been furnished with our rank. I 


1794. have also misunderstood the Sec. 34tb, haviag ordered a Court Martial 
Nov. 9th in November, considering that if the muster was held in May or Oc- 
tober that the Court for assessment of fines could be held any time after 
in fifteen days. I shall be exceedingly obliged by your advice on these 
subjects, as they have happened for want ot knowledge who's duty it 


I am, &c. 

Nov. 9th John Morriss to the Governor. 

Kanawha Give me leave once more to renew my application for the pay and 
subsistance for my Company for the year 1792. How it is that so moch 
contention and disappointment have happened in this business I am at 
a loss to determine, as I am sure Col. Clendenin give no orders withoat 
authority, nor did I exceed the orders he gave me, but am led to be- 
lieve that some disappointed persons have been doing every thing in 
their power to Prove to the Executive that s'd Service was unnecessary 
and that it was not performed, but convinced I am that there never was 
more service rendered in this country than there was in that year, and 
particularly by my Company. Indeed they rendered almost all the ser- 
vice that was for the defence of that country. I have lately been in- 
formed that some wicked persons have insinuated that I signed a cer- 
tificate for ammunition tor William Christian which was not furnished. 
Some time ago, Mr. Caperton's friend, Mr. Eelley, was down Trying 
in an underhand manner, to establish this false Report, however, he 
found himself disappointed. 

I am, &e. 

Nov. 9th Augustine Davis to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

The time designated for the completion of the revised Code of Laws 
having elapsed, I am necessarily constrained to inform your Honorable 
Body that the primary cause was a disappointment of a supply of paper 
from England last spring ; the vessel having put into Guadaloupe thro' 
some unaccountable cause, in which 128 Reams were shipped & the 
paper totally loss, at least nothing since ever heard of it. 

To obviate which difficulty, and no other chance existing of a farther 
supply from that quarter until the arrival of the fall vessels, I immedi- 
ately sent to Philadelphia for 100 Reams, but there being none of that 
size and quality then to be had there, impeded the progress of the work 
till the paper could be got ready, which was not effected Ull four or five 
weeks after the stipulated time, and with this supply I have with un- 
remitting assiduity prosecuted the business, and had not the sioknefis of 


my workmen operated as a secoDd oause, the work would have been ac- 1794. 
complished by this time. Permit roe to assure your Honorable Board No?. 9th 
that no exertions have been or shall be wanting on my part to the ac- 
complishment of the undertaking, and to add that I hope to lay the 
publication before your Honorable Board in a few weeks ; that not be- 
ing now more than four or five Laws and the Index wanting to com- 
plete the whole. 

Mr. Feowick has handed mo his account for the paper imported, 
which I herewith enclose to your Honorable Board, together with his 
importunate Letter to me yesterday for immediate payment of the 
balance, which, agreeably to our contract, he has a right to expect. I 
therefore flatter myself that your Honorable Board will take the same 
into your immediate consideration, and make such provision for the pay- 
ment of the balance agreeably to the account Noted as the necessity of 
the occasion requires. 

I have, &c., 

John Hague to . Nov. lOth 

The Superintendent for the ports of Richmond and Manchester hav- Richmond 
ing been informed that the small-pox was in Petersburg, and a vessel 
having passengers on board from that place arriving last evening, he 
thought it his duty to call on the health officer to accompany him on 
board the said vessel for the purpose of examinmg the state of health of 
Passengers and crew. 

He begs leave to report to the Executive that the crew and passen- 
gers are healthy, and that no danger seems to be apprehended of their 
having the infection of the small-pox on board. 

II. Knox to Lieutenant-Governor Wood. Nov. loth 

I have the honor to inform 3'ou that it is the intention of the Presi- War 
dent of the United Sutes to establish within the Commonwealth of ^^P*'^'^®^^ 
Virginia an arsenal or magazine for the United States. It is, however, 
first necessary that the consent of the Legislature of Virginia should be 
obtained for the purchase of the necessary ground for this purpose in 
pursuance of an act passed the second of April last, entitled an act to 
provide for the erecting and repairing of arsenals and magazines, and 
for other purposes. It is, sir, the request of the President that you 
would be pleased to take the proper measures for obtaining the consent 
of the Legislature for the purchase of the land, which is not contem- 
plated to exceed in quantity six hundred and forty acres. 

I have, &c. 


1794. In the House of Delegates, 

Nov. 10th Wednesday, the 12th of November, 1794. 

Resolved unanimously that the spirit, alacrity, and promptitude with 
which the militia of this Commonwealth obeyed the necessary call of 
their country to support the constituted authorities by enforcing obedi- 
ence to the laws of the United States, present a bright example of 
patriotism, and ought to bo held in effectionate remembrance. 

Teste : 


November 18th. 1794, Agreed to by the Senate, 


Nov. 12th Kanawha County, to-wit : 

This day George Fitzwaters came before me, George Clendenin, 
a justice of the peace for said county, and made oath that he was ap- 
pointed by Captain William Clendenin a corporal in his company for 
the defence of Greenbrier and Kanawha, and that his said Captain as- 
signed him with three men to keep the post at the ford of Galley river. 
That since Allyn Pryor and John Reynolds became contractors, they 
have never been furnished with the ration established by law, nor has 
any of the said gentlemen entered into any contract that the said Cor- 
poral Fitzwaters or any of his command to his knowledge, but furnish 
Sworn to before me this 12th day of November, 1794. 


Nov. 12th Jambs McCraw to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Resignation as escheator of Halifax. 

In the House of Delegates, 
Thursday, November 13th, 1794. 

Resolved that the Executive be requested to lay before this House 

the reports of the agents appointed to superintend the collection oi 

arreages of taxes pursuant to an act of the last session of the General 


Teste : 




BoBKRT Mitchell to Jambs Wood, Lieutbnant-Governor. 

Your favor came to my hand last night. By being from home was 
the cause of your not having an answer by return of the messenger. 

You observe that alarm is gone abroad respecting the small-pox being 
within this city. I do assure you that it is without foundation, and 
that no such disorder has been in this city since the inoculation in last 
January and February to my knowledge. Perhaps this report might 
arose from a negro coming from Petersburg with the small-pox last 
Saturday, but he is not in the city or within a mile of it. 

I am, &c. 


Nov. 13th 


Thomas Newton, Jr., to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. Nov. I4th 

The Brittish ships, Lynx and Cleopatra, are in Hampton Boads; the 
latter took a schooner belonging to Portland from St. Marks bound to 
New York. They put on shore three men belonging to her, except one 
which I have requested the consul to have released. 

Be pleased to forward the inclosed. 

I am, &c. 


R. Quarles to the Executive. 

When the Executive thought proper to confer the Superintendency of 
the Public Arsenal on me, the duties of the office were confined to the 
direction of 8 smiths and 3 soldiers with a salary for this service of £100 
per annum, with the advantages of one Ration for myself and another 
for my horse. Very soon after I came into office, the Hon'ble Board 
thought proper to augment the number of Smiths to 18 and the soldiers 
to 13; in consequence of which, the duties of my office became propor- 
tionately increased, without any additional compensation therefor. I 
feel myself justified in suggesting this subject to the Board, from a con- 
viction that they have uniformly proportioned the Emoluments of this 
office to the cares and troubles attendant on the discharge of its duties; 
for when Capt. Peyton resided here with an inferior Garrison to the 
present one, his salary was £300 pr. an., and allowed a clerk with many 
other advantages. His successor, Major Langham, with less than half 
the present Garrison, received £150 for his services. 

I trust the Hon'ble Board will readily perceive the additional duties 

to my office, and will credit me when I assure them that I am not only 

closely tied to the superin tendance of the shops, but am obliged to act 

as officer of the Guard, Pay-master, Clerk, and Clothier to this increased 


Nov. 14th 



1794. number. I presume it is entirely unnecessary to make any further oom- 

Nov. 14th ments on this subject, and with a reliance that the Board will from the 

first of October, 1793, make such additional compensations for my 

vices as to them may appear just and right, 

I have, &c. 

In the House of Delegates, 

Nov. 13ih, 1794. 

Resolved, That the privy council or council of State be requested to 
lay before the General Assembly the Journal of their proceedings during 
the last year. 

Teste : 


1794 — Nov. 17th. Agreed to by the Senate. 


A copy — Teste : 


Nov. 15th 


John Bkokenbrouoh to the Governor. 

Inclosed is a small acct. as Superintedant of Quarantine. This vessel 
was at Philadelphia when the Yellow Fever raged there. Capt. Bnd- 
by and all his crew (except one negro) died there. Some hands were 
hired to bring the schooner round to this Port. On examination I 
thought it prudent to order her to perform quarantine, but they bad 
neither provisions, water, or boat. I therefore furnished them with 
necessaries to proceed to Craney Island, and sent them off. 

I am. fte. 

Nov. 16th John Blackwell to James Wood, Lieutenant-Govbrnob. 


Your's of the 30lh of September I acknowledge the rec't of on ibe 
4th of this Inst., and have given orders accordingly. 

Major James Wright will hand you an accompt of the expenses of 
the detachment of Militia from the fifth Brigade to the Gen'l rendexvoas 
at Winchester, with the neces^ry vouchers, who is empowered to settle 
and receive ihe ballance that may be found due. The unavoidable deUy^ 


S ?• 


of dMCoaa^ 

BomiMr flf 
I gmTe him 

3*jnBex mat imTtQg 

I& sJfcc fifioac of I^kgateo, 
MflM^j. ci* I7c& o# yoTember, 17 

Booiv^ed. that the ExeentiYe be Ri{Btfsic«d w leU the mace now 
kf tkm Hooae, and thai the ptoemit of tke sate* be deposited in 
payie Treaffary. 


i tho 


Nov. tuth 


TW eodoeed paper is the only voacher which Captain Caporton ran 
Mw proeore to eetablish the claim of his coinpanj to pay tVom tho lAlh 
tf Xarch, 1793, uDtil the 25th of July following, on which day (^aptniii 
^Vadcnia took command of the said company. 

I be^ leare to ref er to Colonel Steele for tho best information whlnli 
M be bad on this subject, and 

Have, Ac. 

Nov \MU 

Pea. Whttixg to Nicholah Blatb, Km, 

I hare been indocedr at tlie iaataoee of numb^rr ttf y*mn% O^nithfHi^H 

^earoos of ferring tiMir connlrj on aoy lotur* ^mtffumt^y ^h ih^ ntt^ 

^tver of diagnni, to oadertaka to nim fmn effmphUt Vf6^^. Uf M 

^aroterf a^d c«|«pc at emr pvtftf^r expea^t^^ aa4 tm ffm4f fft i^f AHilf /^ 

Mi^iiaL, ioL. TtavlL t fc af Etom. nay ffoar ?Hr^ ^ m^ M<f IMii^ />Ai^4M^VAts 

^ ^agwtar davw bf — frvay kaoira r^vf wiiitMa 1^^ tM l&>#^^AfVAy f^ 

fgmir, ^ad the EMMcabia iumfri, aaH Mt ma Iriwv^ i4 4wmfH^4tft^M«« 

be aHOdft oir ckia pnrp4ea mui^^ nM litM^4 am t^y ^wy^r 4fvif^4, 

It anc be giwiasd Gi^ Uw1i|b rny aant* A«ii«m!f my fVi«H^«f« avt4 Art/fiHi^Hf 

if i3ie bfiaffrt Tf an*' laxir .4uvi4<i K4« ^m^^M t;HW «««ii1^ /i^fivi^ 

nigbiB SjHMfleoir^. Jbe». tlu» p^»«»^ 4f mmk^^ any fW><^ ;if|^fi4fHr»fi«« 



1794. as it's believed by best judges that such will be done, seeing allmost all 
Nov. 18th the cavalry o^ the State are on this Tramontane expedition. 

Visiting Winchester in the time of the Greneral review of the Troop, 
roused some sparks of military ardour that were not entirely extin- 
guished in my breast, which being encouraged by my friends, induced 
me to make this arduous, and perhaps may hereafter turn out a danger- 
ous undertaking. 

Mr. Tate, who brings this, will charge himself with any answer yon 
may be pleased to favor him with, and believe me with my best respects 
to the ladies of your family, to be, 

Yours, &c. 
P. B. W. and family leave iis to morrow. F. W. 

In the House of Delegates, 

November 19th, 1794. 

Resolved, That the Executive be requested to furnish this House 
with all the information of which they are possessed, relating to the 
request made by the President of the United States, that Henry Lee, 
Esq., would take the command of the army raised for the purpose of 
suppressing the insurrection in the western counties of Pennsylvania, 
and of the time when the said Henry Lee notified the president of his 
acceptance thereof 

Teste : 


Nov. 19th William Lowthbr to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Clarksburg In performance of your orders, Capt. Bogard with his detachment 
took his post at Newbury, 12 miles below little Kanawha, and as he 
informs me the commissary failing to supply provisions, was under the 
disagreeable necessity of leaving it; he returned a few days since. En- 
sign Jenkins remains at NiePs station, Lieut. Morgan at the mouth of 
Fishing Creek, and Lieut. Evans was posted at Fish Creek, but, as I 
understand, has lately left it and discharged his men. Ensign Hedg« 
continues at the mouth of Grave Creek, Capt. McCullock at the mouth 
of Short Creek, and Lieut. Wells opposite the Mingo Bottom. 

The savages have made no incursions on our frontiers since my last. 
r yesterday was informed by Mr. Williams, a Gentleman of reputation, 
that a few days ago he saw Lieut. Morgan on his return from an incur- 
sion into the Indian country. 

He with 30 men, near 200 miles up the Muskingum, destroyed a small 


Town, took one soalp, and brought in 5 priBonera, viz: 3 squaws and 2 1794. 
children. Nov. 19th 

I puq>ose in the course of a few days to take a Tour around the dif- 
ferent posts, and if anything worthy of communication occurs, you shall 

have it by the first opportunity. 

I have, &c. 

Jambs Innbs to the Governor. Nov. 20th 

When I left Virginia I did myself the honor to inform you that it was 
my intention to go immediately to Philadelphia, from whence should I 
proceed to the state of Kentucky in pursuance of the object which had 
produced several letters between Governor Lee and myself in the months 
of September and October last. I should forthwith announce the same 
to the Executive. 

I have now to inform you that 1 have proceeded this far on my jour- 
ney to Kentucky. The subject of my absence from the duties of my 
office having been settled by the correspondence above alluded to, I shall 
take the liberty of stating the reasons which have induced me to sup- 
pose that my present undertaking does not bring me within either the 
letter or meaning of the law, which Governor Lee referred me to in his 
first communication on this subject. 

I hold no office of profit under the United States, nor am I mediately 
or immediately concerned in the administration of their government, 
but am merely the bearer of certain communications from the Executive 
of the union to the Executive of Kentucky. I receive no appropriated 
salary from the General Government, nor do I hold any commission 
under it. No nomination respecting me has been made by the Presi- 
dent to the Senate and approved by that body. In fact I possess neither 
perpetuity of emolument, duration of employment, nor any one attri- 
bute which can constitute me an officer, or even the appendage to any 
office belonging to any department of the Government of the United 

This being a true history of my present situation, I know not how I 
can be considered as having contravened the Act of Assembly which 
inhibits the union of offices established by the State of Virginia and the 
Government of the United States, under the latter of which I bear not 
the semblance of one official qualification. I act under a conviction 
flowing from the source of my own judgment. That my present pur- 
suit is a violation of no law of my native country, in affectionate attach- 
ment to which I trust I am second to none of her citizens. 

If, however, my construction of this Act of Assembly be deemed un- 
sound, and shall become the subject of public investigation, I must pray 
you. Sir, that you cause this, together with all the preceding communi- 
cations which have been reciprocally made between the Executive and 



1794. mTself, relating to the object of my present journey to Kentucky, to be 
Nov. 20tb Hubmitted to tbe Legislature, that an inquiry, if one shall be deemed 
necessary, may be bad upon my conduct before the proper tribunal. 

I have the honor to remain with sentiments of perfect consideration 
and respect. 

Yours, Ac. 

In the House of Senators, 

Thursday, November 20tb, 1794. 

The House proceeded according to the order of the day by joint bal- 
lot with the House of Delegates, to the choice of Goyemor or Chief 
Magistrate of this Commonwealth for one year from the first day of De- 
cember next; and the members having prepared tickets with the 
names of the persons voted for, and deposited the same in the ballot- 
boxes, Mr. B. Temple, Mr. Meade, Mr. Chinn, Mr. Bassett, and Mr. 
Maund were nominated a committee to meet a committee from tbe 
House of Delegates in the conference chamber, and jointly with them 
to examine the ballot boxes and report to the House on whom the majori- 
ty of votes should fall. The committee then withdrew and after some 
time returned into the House, and Mr. Temple reported that the com- 
mittee had according to order met a committee from the House of Dele- 
gates and jointly with them examined the ballot-boxes and found a 
majority of votes in favor of Robert Brooke, Esquire. 

Teste : 


August 14th, 1794. 
Governor Lee, 


By last night's mail it was notified to me by tbe Secretary of 
State that the President was pleased to depute me to go on a mission 
of great national import on the part of the United States to the State 
of Kentucky. 

I feel an anxitude arising from motives I trust of a laudable nature 
to undertake the discharge of so honorable a public Function. As the 
servant, however, of this Commonwealth, I have postponed a decided 
answer to Mr. Secretagr Randolph's communication until I shall learn 
how far such an undertaking might meet with the assent of the Grovero- 
ment of this State. During my absence, which will not I presume be a 
very lengthy one, I will take care to be properly represented in all my 
official Departments, so that the business of the public shall meet with 
no delay or obstruction. 


I must request your Excellency immediately to submit this letter to 1794. 
the Honorable Board over which you preside, with a request that they Nov. 20ih 
would honor me with a speedy decision on the subject of it. 

With proper sentiments of respect, 

I have, &c., 


The Honorable James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia: 


I apprized the Executive early in August last of the call I had 
received from the President to undertake a mission to the State of 
Kentucky. Their answer to my letter of that date having granted to 
me the permission I requested under the limitation therein expressed, 
I now take the liberty to inform you that I shall set out for Philadel- 
phia on to-morrow, and that should I proceed from thence to under- 
take the agency proposed to me by the Executive of the United States 
I shall duly inform you of the same. 

In my absence General Marshall has had the goodness to undertake 

die discharge of my official duties. 

I have, &c. 

Ooi. 3d, 1794. JAS. INNES. 

In the House of Delegates, 
December 18th, 1794. 
A member in his place having informed the house that he has reason 
to believe that James Innes, Esq., the Attorney-General of this Com- 
monwealth, had accepted a Lucrative Office under the General Govern- 
ment whereby ho is disqualified to hold any office under the Govern- 
ment of this State. 

Resolved, That the Executive be requested to lay before this house 
all Information which they may possess on the subject matter aforesaid. 



Matthew Page to Jambs Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. nqv. 2ist 

I have the Honor to transmit enclosed* to you an extract from the Hanover 
proceedings of the court-martial on the tryal of Colo. Wells, containing Town 
their attendance and mileage as stated on the minutes of the court- 
martial, which would have been sent over long since, but considerable 
indisposition has for some time past rendered me incapable of attending 

to business. 

I have, Ac. 

*£ncloeare not found. 



1794. Thomas Nbwton, Jr., to James Wood, LisuTENANT--GoyERNOB. 

Nov. 21gt 

I received your favour, and am of opinion that the lookoot boat may 
be discharged with safety, and shall accordingly do it in a few days. 
The proclamation as to the West Indies I judge best to be kept in force, 
and if any suspicious vessel arrives, she may be compelled to lie antil 
her case is known. This can be done without expence of a boat, and 
the port will compel a compliance. 

I am much obliged to you for the warrants given to F. Newton. I 
will send up an account of the remaining charges in a few days, hire of 
the boat, and some necessary printing to give the pilot which will be 
continued to them. 

I am, &c. 

Nov. 2l8t 

J. H. Stone to the Governor. 

In council We have received information from the Justices of Dorchester county 
court, on the Eastern Shore of this State, that a free mulatto woman 
and her two children, have been unlawfully transported out of the State 
by a certain William Goldsmith (alias William Smith) and Elijah Devoll, 
and you will perceive by the copies of the Proceedings which are here- 
with enclosed, that they have been indicted for that offence in the court 
of that county. 

Our information states that those men have gone to the state of Vir- 
ginia, and are now in Jail at Petersburg on account of this Transaction. 
Being extremely desirous that these offenders should be brought to trial, 
we request that your Excellency will, with all convenient dispatch, 
direct that the above-mentioned William Goldsmith (alias William 
Smith) and Elijah Devoll be delivered up for the purpose of being re- 
moved to this State, to be tried on the Indictments found against them 
agreeably to the provision contained in the second section of the fourth 
Article of the Constitution of the United States. 

We have, &c. 

Nov. 22d 


Dudley Gary to 

I received your letter of the 5th instant on the morning of the 18th, 
and immediately went down to Queen's Creek where the vessel men- 
tioned in your letter was said to be fitting, but she was finshed and 
gone about four days previous to the receipt of your letter, but on the 
strictest inquiry among the neighbors and carpenters that repiured her, 
I have not the smallest reason to suppose she was intended for a priva- 


teer, as she is oot fitted to carry guns, nor, as they informed me, had 1794. 
she one when she left the rirer; nor more hands than were necessary Nov. 22d 
to carry her to Urbanna on the Rappahannock, where I am informed she 
still lies. 

Be assured, Sir, that I will pay the strictest attention to all the ves- 
sels equipping within the Harbours of this county, and should I have 
reason to suppose any of them fitting for the purpose of privateering, 
will take the necessary steps to detain them till I can inform the Execu- 
tive of such fitting. 

I have, &c. 

HbNRT LbE to the QoVBRNOR. Nov. 26th 

As the enclosed letter cannot reach Richmond before my successor Pittsbui-g 
(whoever he may be) must have entered on the duties of his office, I 
have thought proper to address it to the Governor of Virginia. 

I beg leave to ask his attention to the same, and to present to him 
my best wishes for a happy and honorable administration. 

With, Ac. 

William Davibs to Libutbnant-Govbrnor Wood. Nov. 26th 

Tour favor of the 18th I now have the honor to receive. I beg my Broadway 
acknowledgments may be presented to the Executive for their attention 
to the justness of my claim, which tho' late is still very acceptable. I 
am not indifierent to the approbation of government. I endeavored 
faithftilly to discharge my duty in the business entrusted to me, and 
from a consciousness of having deserved well of my country, have in- 
dulged the hope that ere this, I should have been gratified with the 
honorable testimony of the Executive, to the success and merits of my 

Inclosed I send you an additional report respecting my present agency, 
and with the greatest respect have, &c. 

Westmoreland County, set.: ^ov. 26th 

Inquisition indented taken in the county aforesaid, this 28th 
November, 1794, before me, Greorge Garner, Gent., coroner of said 
county, upon the view ot the body of Capt. John Rochester, late sher- 
iff of the county aforesaid, found .on the main road leading from West- 
moreland Courthouse to Nominy, and there lying dead, upon the oaths 

of John Peake, Hugh Quinlan, John Porter, Christopher Jackson, Rich- 



Nov. 26th 


ard Lowe, William Jeffriss, John McClanahan, William H. Parker, Dan- 
iel Sanford, Seth Starr, Edward Stone, and Charles Sanford, good and 
lawful men of the parish of Cople and county aforesaid, who heing 
charged and sworn to enquire how and in what manner the said John 
Rochester, Gentleman, came by his death, upon their oaths do say that 
he was accidentally killed by a fall from his horse. The Jurors afore- 
said in testimony whereof, as well as I the said coroner as the Jaron 
aforesaid, to this inquisition have severally put our hands and seals this 
day and year first above mentioned. 


Nov. 28th 

John Hopkins to James Wood, Lieutenant-Governor. 

Richmond I am instructed by the Commissioners of the Federal buildings, to 
request a further payment from the State on the President's draft for 
the 3rd instalment of the State's donation to said Buildings. 

The state of the Treasury from the enclosed report in some measure 
justifys this application. I have, therefore, to request an order for the 
sum of six Thousand dollars, which, with the sum lately paid, will make 
up one-fourth of the President's draft. 

I have, &c. 
Twenty-tour thousand Dollars in the Treasury. 


28th Nov., 1794. 

Nov. 28th 


Samuel Coleman to Mr. Dawson. 

In pursuance of your direction I have seperated the claims for west- 
ern services rendered in 1794, from those rendered in 1793, and, as in- 
structed, beg leave to report upon the latter as follows: 

No. 1, Is a pay-roll of Capt. William Clendenin forwarded to the Ex- 
ecutive about the first of September last, in conformity to a muster-roll 
on which I reported the 23rd Dec., 1793, the original bein^^ soon after 
sent to the General Government with the other claims then reported on. 
A copy retained by the auditor is now in this office. This muster was 
made on the 25th of November, and four scouts in the Pay-roll are not 
in the muster-roll. Pay is claimed under Captain Clendenin from the 
25th of July, the day on which he took command of the company, to 
the Ist of December, 1793. The whole company consists of the Com- 
missioned Officers, four sergeants, 4 corporals, 4 Scouts, a Drummer and 
Fifer and 67 privates. 


No. 2y is a claim of Thomas Jones and Philip Hall for semces ren- 1794. 
dered as scoots in Bath and Greenbrier, 123 days in 1793. Nov. 28th 

This voacher declares this service to have been performed by order of 
Col. Steele, to whom I beg leave to refer it. 

No. 3, contains a pay-abstract for Captain Lowther as Commandant 
of the volunteer militia raised for the District of Monongalia, from 2nd 
of Dec., 1792, to the 1st of Dec., 1793, including his rations, proven only 
by bis own oath. In this number will also be found muster and pay- 
rolls of eight scouts under Captain Louther, most of whom claim pay 
from the 14th of May to the 1st of December. The muster of six of 
these men makes no mention of the time they began to serve, nor is 
there any proof of it on the Pay-roll — of course the papers are not duly 
authenticated. The other two are said to be mustered by Ensign Jona- 
than Coburn on the 2.3rd of June, 1793, when their services commenced, 
ind on the Ist of Dec., when they were discharged; of this Jonathan 
Coburn makes oath. One of these scouts in the muster-roll is called 
Joshna Fleeharty; in the Pay-roll he is called John Fleharty. 

No. 4, A pay and muster-Roli of Ensign Levi Morgan's Detachment 
part of Capt. McCuUock's Co., consisting of the said Morgan, 2 Ser- 
geants, 2 Corporals, and 30 privates, proving their right to pay from the 
6th of Oct>, 1793, to the 6th of Jan'y, 1794. 

N. B. — The Pay of this Detachment to the 6th of October is included 
In the pay-roll of Capt. McCullock's, which has been forwarded to the 
General Government. 

In this number will be included a pay abstract of Levi Morgan's eight 
Scouts, claiming pay from the 19th January, 1793, 117 days, without any 
proof of service being performed; also a ration account, claiming 186 
rations tor himself from 12th of January until 16th of April, 1793, and 
also from the second day of January, 1794, to the 6th of the said month 
for himself and 34 men, 180 rations; no proof of these rations being 
issued but Mr. Morgan's certificate. 

No. 5 is muster and pay-rolls and ration account of Ensign Jonathan 
Coburn 's detachment of Captain Bogard's companj^ consisting of the 
ensign, a sergeant, corporal and 31 privates, claiming pay from some 
time in the month of May to the 2d of December, 1793. These are the 
only papers which I have yet examined that are duly authenticated. 

No. 6, a pay abstract of Ensign Jenkins' detachment of Captain Low- 
ther's company, claiming pay from the 20th of October — two months 
and twelve days — consisting of the ensign, two sergeants, two corporals 
and twenty privates; no muster rolls nor any proof of those services 
being rendered. 

No. 7 is a claim of Arch'd Woods for 4,400 rations, furnished Lieu- 
tenant Mills* detachment in 1793. A copy of the muster roll of the said 
detachment is now in this office. This paper is duly authenticated, and 
does not appear to have been included in the claims which have been 
already paid, amountinc; to $2,088 70 cents. 



1794. ]^o. 8 is a ration account of Nathan Springer for rations fumiBbed 

Nov. 28th Lieutenant Evans' detachment in 1793, not otherwise sapported than by 
the receipt of Lieutenant Evans. The pay and muster rolls of this de- 
tachment have been before presented and forwarded to the General Gov- 

No. 9 is a pay and muster roll of a Francis Baldwin, who was omitted 
in the muster and pay roll of Ensign Jenkins' detachment of Captain 
Lowther's company, which is proven by an examination of the said rolls. 
The said Baldwin appears to have been mentioned on the 12th day of 
June, and his services are certified by Jenkins to have commenced on 
the 20th of May and ended the Slst of December, 1793. He was not 
mustered on his discharge. 

No. 10 is a muster roll of part of Captain Hawkins' company, by Rob- 
ert Sayern, on the commencement of their service in 1793. When first 
presented it was defective, Mr. Sayres not having been sworn to the 
muster. The musters of the other parts of the company and the pay 
roll, complete, was forwarded to the General Government. 

No. 11. The sense of the Board, expressed on the back of this paper, 
will be complied with, as Ensign Eelley will draw pay under Captain 
Caperton until the 25th July, when Yanbibber took place under Clen- 

No. 12 contains claims of James Johnson and Robert Butcher for ser- 
vices as spies for 3 months and 10 days, by order of Captain licwis, pre- 
vious to the 14th of June, 1793, when they were discharged by Ensign 
Colvill, and their discharge attested by William Neil, muster master for 
Andrew Lewis, captain commandant on the frontier. During the greater 
part of the time, to- wit: from the 16th of April to the first of June, 
which these two men were in service, Captain Crockett commanded a 
patrol of twelve scouts on the Southwestern frontier. These two men 
are not included in that patrol, and do not therefore appear to have been 
authorized by the Executive to serve at all. On the consideration of 
this claim by the Board, the delegate from Lee county wishes to give 
some information. 

No. 13 is a claim of Lieutenant Hall and nine privates of the Mont- 
gomery Militia, who, with a party from Greenbrier (who have already 
been paid), pursued a party of Indians in the months of March and 
April, 1793. The service was meritorious, and pay is claimed from the 
25th of March to the 4th of April, 1793. 

These papers generally are very defective in point of authentication, 
but the claims they exhibit are authorized by the Executive, except No. 

The enclosed papers, put into my hands by the Honorable Mr. Daw- 
son, are a muster and pay roll of a single individual, Francis Baldwin, 
who is said to have served in Ensign Bartholomew Jenkins* detachment 
of Captain Lowther's company from the 20th day of May, 1793, until 
the 3l8t day of December following. 


Upon examining a copy of the master roll of this detachment (re- 1794. 
tsined in this office) by which it appears that their services commenced Nov. 28th 
the 16th day of May, 1793, I do not find the name of Francis Baldwin 
inserted therein. The original pay roll has been forwarded to the Gen- 
eral Government for settlement corresponding with the said copy of 
muster roll. 

A certificate of Lieutenant Bvans of the number of rations furnished 
his detachment in 1793. It does not appear that this claim has before 
been presented. A copy of the muster roll is in this office. 

A pay abstract of Ensign Jenkins' detachment from the 20th of Octo- 
ber, 1793, to the end of the year, still leaving out Francis Baldwin. No 
master roll accompanied this pay abstract. 

And a muster and pay roll of Lieutenant Evans' detachment of Cap- 
lain Lowther's company, for services in 1794. It is humbly submitted 
whether this had not better lie over until the whole are brought for- 
ward and one general report directed. 

Sam'l Coleman to the Lieutenant-Governor. Nov. 28th 

In pursuance of your direction, I have separated the claims for west- Council 
em services rendered in 1794 from those rendered in 1793, and, as in- office 
structed, beg leave to report upon the latter as follows : 

No. 1 is a pay roll of Captain William Clondenin, forwarded to the 
Executive about the first of September last, in conformity to a muster 
roll on which I reported on the 23d of December, 1793, except that four 
scouts in the pay roil were not in the muster roll. The original muster 
roll has been forwarded to the General Government, and the whole com- 
pany consists of the commissioned officers, 4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 4 
scouts, a drummer and fifer, and 67 privates. They claim pay from the 
25th of July to the Ist of December, 1793. No muster at the com- 
mencement of the service has been forwarded. 

No. 2 is a claim of Thomas Jones and Phillip Hall for services ren- 
dered as scouts in Bath and Greenbrier — 123 days in 1793. This voucher 
declares this service to have been performed by order of Colonel Steele, 
to whom I beg leave to refer il. 

No 3 contains a pay abstract for Capt Lowther as Commandant of 
the Volunteer Militia, raised for the defence of the District of Monon- 
galia from the 2d of Dec., 1792, to the ist of Dec, 1793, including his 
rations — proven only by his own oaths. In this number will also be 
found muster and pay rolls of eight Scouts under Capt. Lowther, most 
of whom claim pay from the 14th of May to the 1st of December, 1793. 
The muster of six of these men makes no mention of the commencement 
of their service, nor is there any proof of it on the pay roll ; of course, 
the claims are not duly authenticated. The other two are said to be 



1794. mustered by Ensign Jonathan Coburn on the 23d of June, 1793, when 

Nov. 28th their services commenced, and on the first of December following when 

they were discharged. Of this Jonathan Coburn makes oath. One of 

these Scouts in the muster roll is called Joshua Fleeharty, in the Pay 

roll he is called John Fleharty. 

No. 4 contains a pay and muster roll of Ensign Levi Morgan's De- 
tachment from Captain McCuiiock's Company, consisting of the said 
Ensign, 2 Sergeants, 2 Corporals and 30 Privates who claim pay from 
the 6th of October, 1793, to the 6th of January, 1794. No muster of 
this Detachment, when their services commenced as a Detachmeut has 
been forwarded, but they were mustered as part of Capt. McCullock's 
Company. In this number is included a pay abstract of 8 scouts under 
Levi Morgan, claiming pay from the 19th of January, 1793, 117 days, 
without any proof of the service being performed ; also a ration account 
claiming pay for 186 rations, to which Ensign Morgan wab entitled, 
from the 12th of January until the 14th of April, 1793, and also an ac- 
count claiming pay for 180 Rations furnished himself and 34 men from 
the 2d to the 6th of January, 1794. There is no proof of these rations 
being furnished, but Mr. Morgan's own certificate. 

No. 5 contains muster roils, pay roll and ration account of Ensign 
Jonathan Coburn's Detachment from Capt. Bogard's Company, consist- 
ing of the Ensign, a Sergeant, a Corporal and 31 privates, claiming pay 
from their enlistment in the month of May to the 2d of December, 1793. 
These are the only papers which I have yet examined that are duly 

No. 6 is a pay abstract of Ensign Jenkins' Detachment from Capt 
Lowther's Company consisting of the Ensign, 2 Sergeants, 2 Corporals, 
& 20 privates, claiming pay from the 20th of October, 2 months and 12 
days. No muster rolls nor any other proof of these services are for- 

No. 7 is a claim of Arch'd Woods for 4,400 Rations furnished Lieu- 
tenant Wells' Detachment from Capt. Bogard's Company in 1793. A 
copy of the muster roll of this Detachment is in this office, which is the 
only check upon the ration account. It is otherwise duly authenticated 
and does not appear to have been included in Mr. Woods' account, 
which has been already paid, and which amounted to 2,088 Dollars & 70 

No. 8 is a claim of Nathan Springer for Rations furnished Lieutenant 
Evans's detachment from Capt. Lowther's Company in 1793. This 
claim may be checked by a copy of the muster roll of this Detachment 
which is in the Office, but it otherwise wants authenticity, being sup- 
ported only by the receipt of Lt. Evans. 

No. 9 is a muster and pay roll of an individual, Francis Baldwin, who 
was omitted in the muster and pay roll of Ensign Jenkins* Detachment 
from Capt. Lowther's Company. He was mustered on the 12th of June, 
and his services are said by Ensign Jenkins to commence the 20th of 


May, and to end the 3l8t of December, 1793. He was not mustered on 1794. 
his discharge. Nov. 28th 

No 10 is a master roll of part of Capt. Hawkins' Company. The 
muster was made by Robert Sayers on the commencement of their ser- 
vice in 1793. When first presented, this muster roll was defective. Mr. 
Sayers not having been sworn to the muster — it is now authentic. The 
muster rolls of the other party of this company and a pay roll for the 
whole, have been forwarded to the General Government. 

No. 11 the sense of the Board as endorsed on the back of this paper, 
will be complied with, as Ensign Kelly will draw pay under Capt. Cap- 
erton from the commencement of his service until the 25th of July, 
1793. At that time the services of Ensign Yanbibber commenced under 
Captain Clendenin. 

No. 12 contains claims of James Johnson & Robert Butcher, who by 
order of Captain Lewis were employed as Scouts in Lee County for 3 
months & 10 day's provisions on the 14th of June, 1793, when they were 
discharged by Ensign Colville, and their discharge attested by William 
Niel, Master Master, for Andrew Lewis, Captain Commandant on the 
Frontier. During the greater pait of the time (to-wit, from the 16th of 
April to the Ist of June), which these two men were in service, Captain 
Crocket commanded a patrol of twelve Scouts on the south western 
Frontier, which I believe were all that the Executive intended should 
be employed. 

These are too extraordinary, and on the consideration of their claim 
by the Board, one of the Delegates from the county of Lee wishes to 
adduce some verbal information. 

No. 13 is a claim of Lieutenant Hall and 9 privates of the Montgom- 
ery Militia, who with a party from Greenbrier, which has already been 
paid, persued a party of hostile Indians in the month's of March and 
April, 1793. Their service was meritorious and they claim pay and 
rations from the 25th of March to the 4th of April, 1793. 

The papers mentioned in the foregoing report are generally very de- 
fective in point of authentication, but except Nos. 12 and 13, the claims 
they exhibit are authorized by the Executive. No. 13 is a just claim 
under the invasion law and from the merit of the service, I humbly pre- 
sume ought to be paid as are those of the volunteer Militia. 

I have, Ac. 

Opinion of Genbral J. Marshall. Nov. 28th 

It is stated that Mr. White was commissioned as Sheriff on the 13th 
of August, 1794. 

That the proceeding Sheriff continues in office till the 6th of Novem- 


1794. ber so that the oommission expresses that the power of Mr. White is to 
Nov. 28th commence on the 6th of November. 

Several accidents prevented his giving bond and security according to 
law within two months after the date of bis commission, bat in the third 
month he appeared in Court and offered to comply with the law. 

It is enquired whether under these circumstances the court ought to 
have received the bond, or whether the Executive ought to proceed to 
make another appointment. 

The case of Mr. White is a hard one, but the law seems to leave no 
discretion with the Executive to judge of those circumstances which 
shall dispence with a compliance with the law. The law admits of no 
dispensation, but positively requires the execution of the bond within a 
limited time, or directs a new commission to issue. The circumstances 
then do not alter the case, but the sole question seems to me to be whether 
the date of the commission or the commencement of the commission id 
effect shall be considered as the appointment. I think the date of the 
commission must be considered as the appointment because everything 
to be performed by the Executive is then completed. 


I certify that EHsha White was appointed sheriff of Hanover the 
thirteenth of August last. 

A. BLAIR, C. C, Oct. 17th, 1794. 

Hanover, to-wit: 

I certify to the Executive of Virginia that Elisha White has not 
executed bonds with security as required by law of persons commis- 
sioned as Sheriffs. 


Oct. 18th, 1794. 

Nov. 30th Thomas Newton, Jr., to the Governor. 

Norfolk This day information was made unto me that an officer of a French 
privateer had inlisted 16 men and was carrying them off. I immediate- 
ly inquired into the case, and went to the boat where it was seid they 
wore on board and stopped her, examined the people who all informed 
— they were not citizens of these states. Most of them appeared to 
be Frenchmen. A Captain Miller of the Brig Sisiphone, an American 
vessel, had shipped some men and were on board the same vessel, which 
I suppose gave rise to the information ; however, on a further informa- 
tion, I found one, John Burke, a citizen had enlisted. I demanded him 
and he was given up and brot. on shore, and tben entered with Capt 
Miller to repay the bounty he had rece'd from the Capt. of the privateer, 


16 I>ollart. Thiis privateer, I was informed, was the Carmagnole, Capt. 1794. 
Marien, one of those proscribed (I suppose), fitted out of Delaware. Nov. 30th 
Please refer to yoar letter in Council, 22d August, 1793. 

I also enclose you a deposition of Thomas Butler, a pilot, relative to 
the capture of a French prize taken near our Capes. I have received 
several letters fVom a David Rayborn, on b'd the British Sloop of War 
Lynx, who says he is an American citizen pressed at sea out of a Dan- 
ish ship bound to Boston. I applied to the British Consul for this man 
& another that was on board the Cleopatra. The latter was delivered 
without delay, but the Consul informed me that Raybourn had entered 
on board the Lynx and received the bounty, since which I have roc'd 
another letter from Raybourn persisting he was pressed, which he also 
told Botler, the pilot who says he is a native of Carolina. I shall again 
write to the British Consul about him. 

I am, &c.. 

Henrico County, to- wit: 

I do hereby certifie that I have this day administered to his Ex'y 
Robert Brooke the oaths required by law to bo taken by a G-overnor or 
Chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth, and also the oath required by 
tn Act- of Congress. 
Given under my hand the first day of December, 1794. 


William Morris to the Governor. Dec. let 

Inclosed I have sent your Excellency and the Honorable Board a let- Richmond 
ter of Mr. AUyn Pryor, which was directed to Mr. John Raynolds, and 
came into my hands broken open. I am induced to do this as I have 
been creditably informed that said Pryor has made complaint against me 
therefor, and also that I had refused to suffer my mill to grind for him. 

True it is that I sayod so, but not until he supplanted (In taking the 
Contractor's place) Mr. John Yanbibber, to whom he had promised not 
to interfere, as he, the said Yanbibber had gone to the expence of pro- 
viding everything necessary. However, your Excellency will discover 
by an affidavit herewith inclosed, that had I been even so disposed to 
oblige Mr. Pryor, it was not in my power. 

On seeing Mr. Pryor's Letter I plainly discovered that, poor as the 
soldier's ration was, that his principle desire was to speculate thereon, 
wherefore I sent copies thereof to the officers commanding at the differ- 
ent posts, in order that ho might not avail himself of those advantages. _ 
Tou will also find by another affidavit that sundry soldiers have not wf^ 
been hitherto Furnished, but certain I am that he will not have it in bis T ^^ 



1794« power to obUun ao ab»trmct therefor, nnieas he giTes approved secmity 

Dee. lit to make good Raid deficieocj at the contract price. 

1 would not wish yoar Excellency nor the Honorable memben of 

Council to understand that I mean this as a complaint against Mr. 

Prjor, having no other intension or desire other than that of iustifying 

mjself to jour Excellency. 

I have, &C. 

I>eciflt Petition to the Goteekor. 

The Petition of James Dabnej, late Sheriff of Louisa Ck>untyy prajing 
the remission of a fine which had been imposed on him for failing to 
return an execution ; and also for the balance of Bevenue taxes collected 
by the said Dabney in the county of Louisa, for the year 1791 ; also 114 
pounds, 14 shillings, and 11 pence, for damages recovered against said 

Virginia, to-wit: 

At a general court held at the capitol in Bichmond the 13th day 
of November, 1794, judgment was rendered against James Dabney, 
rtheriff of Louisa county, for failing to return the execution within law- 
ful time against Wm, Phillips, sheriff of Louisa county, for revenue 
taxes for year 1791. 

Dec. 2d In the House of Delegates, 

Dec. 2nd, 1794. 

The House according to the order of the day, proceeded by joint bal- 
lot with the Senate to the choice of a Judge of the Court of Appeals, 
in the room of Henry Tazewell, Esq'r., who hath resigned; and the 
members having prepared tickets with the names of the persons to be 
ballotted for, and deposited the same in the ballot-boxes, Mr. Lee, Mr. 
Boyer (of Rockbridge), Mr. Cheatham, Mr. Hatcher, Mr. Hancock, Mr. 
Ponn, Mr. Bentley, Mr. Baytop, Mr. Hoomes, Mr. Willis, Mr. Braxton, 
and Mr. Andrews, wore nominated a committee to meet a committee 
from the Senate in the conference chamber, and jointly with thorn to 
examine the ballots, and report to the House on whom the majority of 
votes should fall. 

The committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Loo reported that the committee had according to order 
mot a committee from the Senate in the conference chamber, and jointly 
with them had examined the ballots, and had found a majority of votes 
in favor of Spencer Hoane, Esq'r. 

Teste : 



folk BonM^iv MCr IT^ 

>' afofOAid, ThoB. Attkr. pdoc. a»i Moiit smm ii{^>« iK^ K^ 

DgelisI of Ahugktj God. fieposatk ami ;isuili tkM <mi Tlinnw^jr^ ik^ 

NoT'r lasl, he Iwin^ o«t otf" fite Cipe» at Tir^«ia kKi^iii^ 1^ v^M^ 

discovered a sbip ahead which he Mad<» tor mkI hail^t lo> kn^i^w 

L whence ehe cmme; whcfcvpoo. he boafdcd her. He wa» lh<N\ tl^ 

led by the prize master thai the said ship was a BriUi«h »hip v^^^ 

ks) called the Pamela, priae to the Hawke French {uriraleer; Ihal 

.he deponent, took charge of the s*d ship as pih>t^ and was sliH>riMjt 

>r Cape Henry, which was then in sight and about six lea^tu^Hii tUf ; 

when the ship approached to the distance of about tV>ur I^ku<hi» ho 

rved the Brittish Frigate Cleopatra coming out of liynhavon Ha)' 

ding for the prize; that when the French people {H^riH^lved iho 

tisb Frigate neaiing them, they put as many gooiis as thoy ot^uUl Kn\ 

>f the pilot boat and left the ship in charge of this deponent anil 

.her man, who immediately altered the ship's course and stocMl Air 

th's Island; that in aboat one hour and a half thereafVor, tho KriKattt 

e along-Side and brought her too — she being then between ( 'apo 

ry and Cape Charles within three leagues of Smith's Island, which 

then the nearest land, bearing N. in 6} fathom water; that the nald 

was immediately boarded by part of tho Cleopatra crew, who ear 

her off together with the man (an American oitison) who had Initin 

on board with this deponent, but that the deponent was put on 

-d the Cleopatra and then kept until Saturday. And further this 

>nent saith not. 


BTom to before me this 2nd day of Dec>, 1794* 


P. Gofrfj-WTJ to THE (loirzKffon. fpt^ '//§ 

on^jraahir to the request of yowr prwt^ M i yj ^, HM/M hy a U4Uff Hi^hfttMfA 

ring date AosriMt IMi, llfi^, I ha;r« a/vw f/> \hftfrm y*m tA mf pfff 

m hi cfllieetin^ the amtaragi^ 4t%^ tkA (if^^^m^mw^rnkth wHIvi^ fM 

eenth Brfaiie. 

hree tx^xOMkn in behaif of Urn f>wiiiikvaw^th lwt^4 ^m^ fA my 

da, 4a« a^UMC ^r^ni^rd J'Viftph Jmu^ii M fMivwl^Mi^, eiv^ ^aa^vvwI 

[nst ^ihtan yijknrj ^ ^/mthamp«>va. and elM^ th«ir4 a0imM( ^p^^mf^\ 

o. Bfor Trrrstm >r -Ju^ii^ ^,:x^AiurMm t aa^^ a#«niMi4ly fiM4^ <IM iinm &f 

' ikfjammoii -lOH anmtr^l md My *.m^ iollan a«i4 47 a^mm Ml«f * M 


1794. feroDce to the executiooB themBelves as returned to the Greneral Court 
Dec. 2d office will more minutely show what have been my proceedings under 
them. From Brunswick county seven hundred and five dollars and 35 
cents have been paid inio the treasury, which, with four thousand one 
hundred and fifty-two dollars and 67 cents, collected as aforesaid, also 
paid into treasury, make four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight 
dollars and two cents, the sum total collected in the Fifteenth Brigade. 

As yet I have been charged with no other executions but those already 
mentioned, and from tbe tardiness with which the suits now pending 
against delinquent sheriffs and their securities within my district are 
prosecuted, there is no immediate prospect of making farther collections. 

Nothmg could give me more pleasure than to complete the collection 
of those debts which you have been pleased to confide to my care. One 
circumstance, however, induces a wish that I had never undertaken this 
business. The General Assembly have determined that this is a lucra- 
tive office within the meaning of our Constitution, and that by holding 
it I am disqualified from serving as a representative for the county for 
which I have been elected. To me there could be nothing more distress- 
ing than this determination, however just it may be, and had I been of 
opinion that such could have been the result of accepting the office, I 
certainly should not have solicited it. I would forego almost any ad- 
vantage rather than relinquish the idea of serving those who have done 
me the honor of choosing me their representative, and for that reason 
only must hope I shall be permitted to i*esign my office as agent, and 
especially I shall flatter myself with this expectation as the Common- 
wealth will suffer no injury from my resignation, because, from the en- 
closed letter, it will appear that the office will not remain vacant for 
want of a successor. 

I beg leave to add that the gentleman who will be a candidate in the 
event of your accepting my resignation, has transacted the chief of the 
business which has been done since the appointment has been oonferred 
on me. 

I am, &c. 

The payments mentioned in this letter are truly stated. 

Auditor's office, 2nd December, *94. 

Auditor recommends Thomas Yaughan as collector of arrears of taxes 
. in case of resignation of Mr. Goodwyn. 

Dinwiddie, Nov. 25th, 1794. 

Joseph Goodwine solicits appointment as agent for tbe oolleotioo of 
arrears of taxes in the 15th Brigade district in lieu of present agent who 
is expected to resign the office. 


In the House of SeDators. 1794. 

The House proceeded according to the order of the day by joint bal- Dec. 2d 
lot with the House of Delegates to the choice' of a Judge of the court 
of appeals, in the room of Henry Tazewell, Esq., who hath resigned, 
and the members having prepared tickets with the names of the per- 
sons balloted for, and deposited the same in the ballot boxes, Mr. An- 
derson, Mr. Benjamin Temple, Mr. Chinn, Mr. McCraw, and Mr. Peyton 
were nominated a Committee to meet a Committee from the House of 
Delegates in the conference chamber, and jointly with them to exam- 
ine the ballot boxes and report to the House on whom the majority of 
votes should fall. 

The committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Anderson reported that the Committee had according 
to order met a Committee from the House of Delegates in the Confer- 
ence Chamber, and jointly with them examined the ballot boxes and 
found a majority of votes in favor of Spencer Roane, Esquire. 

Teste : 


George Clendenin and William Morris to the Governoil Dec. 2d 

In our representation of the state of our Frontiers we made known to Richmond 
the Executive the last session of Assembly, that we conceived the 
Guards allowed for the defence of Greenbrier and Kanawha were more 
than necessary. That one Company complete, if well distributed, was 
equal to the Task. 

On experience, it appears that this opinion of ours was well grounded. 
However, we suppose thro' the great zeal of the Executive to afford the 
most ample protection, more men and officers were continued. Wo have, 
therefore, nearly to offer to the consideration of your Excellency and 
the Honorable Board our Former opinion. Impressed with the desire 
that at this Important period, no unnecessary expence may acorue to 
Union. We have further to urge or to mention, that since the success 
of our arms in the Westward, we have not experienced the same Hostile 
disposition in the Indians — therefore, we conceive that little or no 
winter establishment is necessary. 

Under these impressions, we submit oor opinions to your Honorable 
Board, convinced that your determination will tend to the public well- 

We have, Ac. 



Der. 31 lo pamuuice of a diiection. which I hare reeeiTed from the Exeentlre. 

Coanril I beg leare to report to roa for the infonnatioo of the Board, that the 
eoelosed aceoiint« for ammooitiofli procured by Captaao Hagh Caperton 
lor the use of hu Companj of Volanteer Militia, one amoooting to 
twenty-three pounds and foar shiJlingSL and another amoanting to six 
poondSy eighteen shillings and six pence appear to be supported by 
Toochersw The Auditor of Public Accounts will be the proper judge ot 
their validity. 

That upon a thorough examination of the Auditor's Books it appears 
that the f<^owing warrants have issued from the Auditors Office for 
ammunition for the use of the said Company, vix. : 

1792, Oct. 19th to William Cook for Powder • - £15.16.6 

23rd Hugh Caperton for Lead and Powder 25.00.0 

1893, Feb. 23ni ^WUIiam Morris k John Jones for Powder 

and Lead 37.02.0 

July 6th ♦Allen Prior for Powder - 4.0LO 

Aug 23rd Thomas Edgar for Lead . . 13.0S.6 

1793, Dec 24th, Allen Prior for Powder and Lead 

28th, John Reynolds for Powder and Lead - 

1794, May 31st, Allen Prior for Lead - 
Aug. 5th, John Stewart for Powder 


«318 50 

112 50 

130 83 

24 99 

72 50 

$659 32 

It is somewhat doubtful whether the warrants marked thus ^ were 
not for Capt. Morris* Company of Militia. 

Papers Marked So, 2, are a muster roll made in pursuance of a review 
i^Captain Caperton's Company by Colonel Steele, a pay roll in conformity 
thereto, claiming pay from the date of enlistment of the Company, in 
pursuance of the following order of Council on the 24th of I>ecember, 
1792, A 12th of November, 1792. 

It is advised that two companies with four scouts to each be consid- 
ered in service as soon as the men shall be raised and mustered. One 
under the command of Captain Lewis and the other under the oonunand 
of Capt. Caperton. 

The usual allowance of powder and Flints to be furnished from the 
Point of Fork and Lead from the mines. 

This pay roll is defective in leaving a blank for the time to which pay 
is claimed and in having no signature. These defects may be remedied 
by Captain Caperton who is here. 


Accompanying iheoe papers will also be found a ration abstract for 1794. 
provisions furnished the said company from their enlistments respective- Dec 3d 
ly to a certain amount of rations until the 26th of February, 1793, when 
William Morris began to supply the Company. 

I beg leave to refer to Col. Steele for further information on these 
papers, and have the Honor, &c. 

Dec. 3, 1794. Purchased of the Hon'ble John Dawson and Hardin 

Burnley, Esqrs., 1 mace, weighing one Hundred and one ounces at 6s. 

p'r oz. 



Auditor's Office, 3d Dec. 1794. 
Received of the Hon'ble Jno. Dawson, &c., &c., the Treasurer's receipt 
for one hundred and one dollars, &c., on account of the sale of the Mace 
sold under a resolution of the present session of Assembly. 


David Saunders to the Executive. Dec. 4th 

Charles Guatkin, Coroner of Bedford, failure to return an execution Bichmond 
in his hands in due time. Causes therefor. 

Certificate of Auditor of payment of principal, interest, and costs on 

Judgment for fine of sixty-one dollars 16 cents against Charles Guat- 

Certificate of S. Shepard of payment by Henry Buford, sheriff of 
Bedford of principal, interest, and cost of judgment against him. 

Fine against Charles Guatkin, coroner Bedford, remitted. 

Congress of the United States, Dec. 4th 

In the House of Representatives, 

Tuesday, the 4th of December, 1794. 

Resolved unanimously that the thanks of the House be given to the 
gallant officers and privates of the Militia of the States of New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, who, on the late call of the 
President, rallied round the Standard of the laws, and in the prompt 
and severe services which they encountered, bore the most illustrious 
testimony to the value of the Constitution and the blessings of internal 
peace and order, and that the President be requested to communicate 

<^ CATJtNIVAa Off rCxTt PiPHBft 

V7/^ YhA Pfm^tUmt fA tK^ Vntt^A HtSbtAn iuw inatm^^ted me to transmit to 

fff^ymfffft^M ytif%f f^r^^W^ift^y fhA f^x^Xfifi^ renoJTe. contaiiung the aodknimoas thanks 

/if ^.M HMum f4 tUfffrfsf^^.rkU^tx7e>^ to the Militia in actual service for the 

mtppfNmfm ^ ih^ \%Ui \nimmf:tArm, with a reqtieflt that joo will please 

Uf mnk^ fhA Aam^ knfmti Uf the Militia of Yirginta. 

Th^ Pf^/I#ffy| harin^ p^mcmMy heen a witneis to the military merit 
tft ih^ etn\fff(Uw\ militia, experiences the highest gratification in eommu- 
uU»Hi\fifi Ufiff hottorMe a^yprobation, the most precious recompence that 
t*(tuU] \m otttm^tl Uf enlightened Freemen. It is his devoat hope that 
Iht* MlllMaof iho IJnit<3d Htatcs may ever be found to be the faithful 
find )nr)no)bln protijotors and vindicators of the great principles ot Law 
nnd lillmrfy. 

Tlif* ultlftenn ol America fixing in their minds as an indelible troth, 
I lmf< (ilMMJIntico to till) tiawH and the defence of their country, are sacred 
and IndlfipMnfiahIo dtition, will render its freedom and happiness per- 

I have, &c. 

m,,, ,,^|^ »Iamw8 Taylor, 8r., to thk Qovernor. 

Ntsi-n>IV '^^ ooimt^^ut^hoi^ of an act of aHsombly passed some years ago, an Hos- 
\s\\{s\ \W wii'k ai\d dii^nMvHl s<>amon was erected in the neighborhood of 
\\s\n 1\m^^. \\ iho timo iho act was made, the commissioners supposed 
1^^^ Utnds \\w\\ WW hand and arising from the Tax on seamen, would be 
(^nM^'i\^nl tx> \MmpM<^ tho building which they had agreed to erect; but 
n)\\^n lh\^ aU^tiit\on \M <4\^ ^Kvv^mmeiilx thai Tax on seamen ceased, and 
tKxM>M>^^v th^MV was a deAoienoy to <\>mplete the work. A memorial 
t\N^««^ t^x^ <HWM««^««M\N|i\^n^ was Usi iic^sKmi laid hc^Kvre the aseemblv, and 
\h^ ^svt^y<^\\t<^ ti> wKx>«a it was re)«^n>Ml $iip|>dsed it reasonaUe, and 
K^sst iKa< a i^nw^ ik>wvu)d K^ aff4\>fnat<Ni tv^ ^aish ihe b«u)duig, but it 
K«^n|it; )a^^ tn t^i> MjwfNNn. aTt^i a m^iUii^k^iy oi Kosnes^ keioire tbe boBi«L 

wvrtt 1^ >D tvr^k^ t<^ haxv" 4^ vnMti^ia^ again hrr«Qpbi iicnm^ard, but was 
twt )ai^. Th^ wwNimn<Q^'^D<tn^ w-h^v a^ ia a v«Qk' disagrasalxie juoaxioB 

or ^ypATF T*AW5R?; JJSJE^ 

ii: nffi iumnrii in tiiuii wurcr tosHike4!«w«d the f^ M tW iN ^Y^<^if^i tl«ii: 

viiifi ^rfli lie -go Ml licMliio to tli»f»4Pid ^wn* -«*•*<•. -^hi^l*: HrM**ff>^>K; 
xt- St' "tr- WTBflk Gu fB iuur ljeo "ws ^wril s<vpNitnfwl "w^fti t-Hr i»«^»Miwr«tiir 
neb jmE Tiramneci v* ezcn iiiaHiidf m: thY> nronmoiit. «tw; I nfii <*i<«H'^^f^Kh 
rr ht ii' no; iJi e wm x v* mjiiewin t the nuOUrr 1:0 rem M\\ . 
Ix Mbak of the* fCTmniniu imer&. 

BzRfiT TiLZaWXU. TYi tht ^v«iwnii. iVo >^t>. 

Tht aarmngatkBom nwwBTy to he mad<^ ivi inv 4)AitH«(Mk' nlHiff^ ^^'f^'tv V^vktV V^Yi 
I ocmid Iflvvc bam£. hsvr ckommed mr until thvi Yiiii^ TIh^* liiv n^% >^ 
far nmdt mf' to mmbk* me to ma om on ThuTudi^v nr rri4i^ m>\%. Y^^Y^ 
I ffo. howfjrer. ii cxmoetn» me 10 pmotire tht^ iwyywwiTj ^>M<Mrvt^J^ fNr 
m J AdmiflBioc mu> t> «fliistc. Nm haxiiijr th<«ie 1 4i%(^ nfv^ "^^hK^ tho\ 
d«pMKt 1 aamm bkt wbstiicr the iii«dfin«l:)ra) M in>^ i^f!^)*f»i mAni 1K<^ 
me bj the lnfnit.jGnvernar. » alcme lOificQMiV Thm 1 nWi |v*«»»%Mi*M ^\ 
bat JI5 I fmcoDod m member who hmf^ miiir't^ th Vi>p?T)Yl^, HY^^ ^-Ihs>^ 
resignAtaoii is not officmlhr fcnowTi to ]r> 1^Tlla<^. f^r^M^ i^ 1iNl\> W 
proper that I fihtmld l« fiimif^ied with t^H" Jonr^mhi y^ thy^ .\vmv^M> 
containing the resigiialkai. the aooepiUnoe ot ^^t Ty«q«\|2:lfvi^<^'m« ^^^ tsV 
mj appointment in the place ot Ool. Ttykvr. 

In all probability I oould not rooeive thoM^ pap«^ M^w \ \Hk\^ Kvvmf^ 
Will yon therdbre be 90 obliging as 10 <»)o)o«<^ ibuHM l<> W^^ \^ V^Mn.y, ntS 
that I may receive them on my amval Uw^rcs. T^\^ tK\ys\\y >^^\\ h^ 
acknowledged aa shall any request* or communt<N^lu>hii ^-^m^ v^^{\V b^^ 
pleased to make to me in Phila. 

Samubl Coleman to tun OovNttNon. Iw, Mih 

The services of the scouts claiming pny, M siniml ttt IliM iMtt'limHil 
papers, were not authorised by the Kxecuiivo, ttiM ilMlntitjii dC (Iiii IViMi. 
tier for tbe year 1790 having been assumed by ihi« flMtiDlnl C4ii¥Ht'iUH»«t)t( 
to which the claimants in like cases lisvo unlftirmly liMifri fMtVi^hitl 





Dec. 8th 


Id the House of Delegates, 

Dec. 10th, 1794. 
Resolved that the Executive be requested to furnish the House with 
a statement of the money expended in the defence of the Frontiers 
during the last year, and which has not been reimbursed by the General 

Teste : 


Dec. 9th 

Hugh Caperton to thb Governor. 

Richmond A short time ago I presented a memorial to your Honorable Board 
praying Revision of a hard, illegal, and unprecedented Decision of 
Governor Leo against me as the former Capt. of Yolunteer Militia. I 
conceive my character to have been much injured, and it behooves me 
to use all possible means to reinstate it. If the Hon'ble Board shall 
suppose the object of my memorial not within their reach, I solicit that 
they will direct the clerk to certify accordingly upon the memorial and 
return it to me. If on the other hand, by recommending to the officers 
who formed the Court Martial to agree to meet and resume the business, I 
will pay all the expence and save the public from charges. 

I am bold to say, that the officers will execute my wish with such a 
promised plan with great pleasure, and I am equally bold to predict that 
eveiy kind of stigma will be wiped away. 

I have, &c. 

Dec. 10th 

IIuGH Caperton to the Governor. 

Richmond The proceedings of the Court Martial respecting my tryal were re- 
turned to the Executive. Having never had a copy of them, I am 
under the necessity to request you will order copys to be made out, and 
I flatter myself that your Excellency and the Hon'ble Board will find 
no reluctance in promoting objects which may tend to do justice to an 
injured fellow citizen. 

I have, &c. 

Dec. 11th 


Robert Page to Robert Brooks. 

I take the liberty to enclose you my account for attendance at Win 
Chester and advocating, together with yourself, the important case of 
the Commonwealth against Denny Fairfax, relative to the Manor of 

It will not be necessary for me to make any observations to you rela- 


live to tbe labor vDqidxiMi in tli^ inpani^siam of ibmt <|Mjitkiii. lt«<ciii»ie IfH. 
your own mfommiaoti upm tln» putsmlar ^bK»t< frill kdid yvm \o Mitici- IVc. WH^ 
pate ereiytbiiig wlkic^ xni^t be nid to ^jusoifr i4»e nM90iuibkm!i9» <^tlie 
aeooont. I hare tberefore to reiqiMst that after it shall baro bc^n lak<»n 
into considersDoiL tob inH gfvvllaxthew Page^ Bsiq^aTi order n|>oii tb<* 
Treasury for ibe amX wbow peeeipt sball operate as lay owti, 

I bare, Aic 

H- Capektox to the GOTERyOlU IVO. lUh 

In the year 1795, 1 was deUined on Rich Croek beiler Iban two Hk^himnta 

weeks at Mr. Cbeater Peters' in Greenbner, by very cold, snowy 

weather with about forty of my eompany* On tbe Hib d«^ of Feb« 

ruary, I set out frcNn there in order to march to Kanawha. The r^ 

oeipt I gave Mr. Peter^s for Rations proTious to that di^, amount<H) to 

twelve pounds, for which I am bound to pay. In consequence ot v«ry 

high water, I was detained on the way and did not get to t^pU Morriss* 

until the 26th of the same month. The Rations we roceii^ tVom the 

14th unto the 26tb, I am also bound to the people for, & will Ih> pimhofl 

for the same if I do not give satisfaction when I return homo ; thorofoiv 

trust your Excellency & the Honorable Boanl will direct some moile l>y 

which I shall be safe. 

I am, Ac. 

To the Honorable the Executive, 

Gentlemen : 

Please to observe that on the 18th of December last, the Court 
Martial was held on me. About the 12th or 15th of January fbllowing, 
I came to Richmond in order to obtain a copy ot the proccodlngM of the 
said Court Martial, and to request an appeal, but the papers had not 
been transmitted from the Court Martial at that time. 

A general Inoculation of the small pox was about to take place, nnd 
I on that account could not wait, having never had the small pox myHolf, 
I informeid His Excellency the Governor of my Business and Sittmtlon ; 
be said I could obtain a rehearing without a copy of the proceedings of 
the Court Martial. I wrote to him on the subject and returned homo. 
About tbe first of March, I wrote him again on the same subject by 
Capt. Gatleff. About the first of April, I wrote him by James Brocken* 
ridge, Esq., who delivered the Letter to his Excellency in Norfolk. He 
informed Mr. Breckenridge that be would write to me f\illy on the 

In August last, I wrote to him by Capt. Vanbibber, and enclosed 

some aflidavits. 

I have, &c, 



1794. Benjamin Tbmplb to the Qoybrnor. 

Dec. 12tb I am just Informed at King William Court a compromise had taken 
Richmond place between Col. Holt Richeson and William Dandridge, Executors, 
and on the last day of the court, Richeson went into court and acknowl- 
edged he was indebted to Dandridge's estate, on a mortgage upwards of 
seven hundred pounds. A decree was entered for the above sum, and 
commissioners were appointed to sell the property, which is to take 
place in a short time. This is the second attempt that has been made 
to change Richeson*s property. I cannot help supposing it is meant to 
defraud the public out of the debt due from Richeson to the Common- 
wealth, as he has often told me that on a settlement Dandridge's estate 
would be considerably in his debt. Considering this property bound to 
the Commonwealth, I thought it my duty to give you this information, 
hoping that some step may be taken to secure the interest of the Com- 

I have, &c. 


Dec. 12th Thomas Vauqhan to the Governor. 

Mecklen- Your favor by Mr. Eennon, dated Council Chamber, December 2d, 
hurg 1794^ I have with its enclosures safely received, and am very thankful 
to the Honorable the Executive for the appointment alluded to by you 
in said letter. The Bond for the faithful performance of the trust you 
will herewith receive inclosed in a letter from Mr. Eennon, with his 
opinion of the sufficiency oi the security. 

Mr. James Wilson is the bearer of this. By him you will please 
transmit to me the commission and other papers necessary for my in- 
struction, &c. I flatter myself that my conduct in the business will be 
very satisfactory to the Executive. I very much fear that the arrear- 
ages duo from Mr. John Murray, sheriff of this county, for the year 
1782, is irrecoverably lost to the Commonwealth, he being dead, and his 
estate nearly or quite exhausted. One of his principal securities, in 
order to get out of the way, moved a few years ago into Georgia, where 
he has since died and left his estate, as I am informed, in such a manner 
that it will never be subjected. The other security (I am informed bat 
two were given) lives in this county and has considerable property here, 
but the talk of the people is that no part of it can be made liable. Mur- 
ray has left a considerable tract of land which, if ever subjected, will 
raise the greater part of the debt. This land is mortgaged to Col. Al- 
len, late of Surry county, for a considerable debt due from said Murray. 
Allen is dead, and his executor has not done anything in the business 
that I have heard of. Mr. Allen, in his life time, brought a suit against Mr. 
Murray's ex'ors, in the High Court of Chancery. The principal deputy 



of Mr. Hurray is run away, but has left a few very able securities here. 
It is probable that the now sitting Assembly will pass some other law 
upon the subject of this business. If they do, I shall be glad to receive 
a copy oi it as soon as possible. 

Any papers necessary to be transmitted to me will always come safe, 
and meet with speedy conveyance under cover addressed to me to the 
care of Messrs HoUoway & Birshett, merchants in Petersburg. 

I wish the securities of Mr. Mun*ay's principal Deputy could be pro- 
ceeded against. I know nothing of the Debtors In any other of the 
counties composing the District. 

I have, &c. 

Agreeably to the instructions contained in the Resolution of the Ex- 
ecutive of the 20th of Octo. last, I have set apart as the money came 
into the Treasury the balances of the last Calls due to the several Canal 

Treasury, 16th Dec. 1794. 

Dec. 12th 

A List of persons who have migrated into the State of Virginia, and in Dec. 16th 
the court of Washington county, given satisfactory proof by oath 
that they intended to reside in the said State, and also have taken the 
oath for giving assurance of fidelity to the said Commonweath: 

The court at which 
the oaths were 

Persons* Names. 



1794— Aug. 19, - . 

William King, 



James Bredin, 


House Carpenter. 

Sam'l Bredin, 



1794— Dec. 17, - - 

James Caldwell, 



Teste : 


Dec. 17th. 

H. Caprrton to the Governor. 

Dec. 17th 

Yon will please to direct a warrant to G. Shell for the Rations due me Richmond 
for '93, and for the ammunition. If your Excellency should ^^isb 


1794. farther proof, you will let me know, and I will send for Coi. Glendeniu, 
Dec. 17th Capt. Morris, and Capt. Hutcheson, who can satisfy your Excellency 
and the Honorable Board. 

Your attention at this time will much oblige, 

Your, &e. 

I do certify that I believe the within to be a true statement of facts ; 
that in the month of February, 1793, I came home from Gallipolis and 
found the Spies appointed by Captain Caperton ingaged in the discharge 
of their duty, and likewise a number of soldiers as stated in the within 
by William Morris. 

Given under my hand this 13th day of December, 1794. 


I do certify that some time between the 15th and 20th of December, 
1792, two of the Scouts appointed by Capt. Caperton were by me quali- 
fied to the duties of their office. That sundry other persons were by 
him Inlisted as soldiers from the sixth to the 15th of said month, and 
were furnished with Rations from the dates of their enlistments as 
stands by my accounts stated before you. That sundry Receipts for 
Rations furnished in the month of January and February in said year 
have been forwarded to me which were furnished in the county of 
Greenbrier. I presume great injuries will be done to the Holders of 
said Receipts or Capt. Caperton unless they are allowed. 

Likewise to the Scouts that were in service, as I am satisfied they 
performed their duty at a very Inclement season. 

Given under my hand this 13th day of December, 1794. 


Dec 17th Richmond, December 3d, 1794. 

I do certify that some time about the first of January, 1793, I wrote 
to Capt. Hugh Caperton, Requesting him to receive of my Plantation m 
Greenbrier from James Garritt and others, Rations for such of his Com- 
pany as were in Greenbrier. That I also furnished Rations to sundries 
of his Company in Kanawha from the dates of their Inlistments. 

Given under my hand the date above written. 


Late Contractor. 

Dec. 17th Received December 13th, 1792, ol William Morris, contractor, 60 ra- 
tions for six men, enlisted the 6th instant, for the defence of Kanawha 
county, under the command of Captain Caperton. 

Given under my hand. 



Beeeived of William Morriss, oootractor, rations for ten men at Bun- 1794. 
dry times from the Uth of December, 1792, till the 26th of February, Dec 17th 
1793, both days inclusive, amounting to 750 rations. 

Given under my hand. 


Men enlisted by Captain Caperton, December 6th, 1792: William 
Morris, Junior, David Milburn, John Cavender, Edward Hughes, John 
Bailey, Thomas Castor. 

Men enlisted by Captain William Morris, authorized by Captain Ca- 
perton December 14th, 1792: Stephen Teays, John Neugen, Henry 
Montgomery, James Sbirkey, who have received their rations at the 
house of William Morriss from the day of their enlistment. 


In the House ot Senators, 
Wednesday, December 17th, 1794. 

The House, according to the order of the day, proceeded by joint bal- 
lot with the House of Delegates to the choice of a Treasurer of the 
Commonwealth for the ensuing year; and the members having prepared 
tickets with the names of the persons ballotted for, and deposited the 
same in the ballot-boxes, Mr. Trigg, Mr. Peyton, Mr. Eyre, Mr. Wilson, 
Mr. Temple, and Mr. McCraw were nominated a committee to meet a 
committee from the House of Delegates in the conference chamber and 
jointly with them to examine the ballot-boxes, and report to the House 
on whom the majority of votes should fall. 

The committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Trigg reported that the committee bad according to 
order met a committee from the House of Delegates in the conference 
chamber, and jointly with them examined the ballot-boxes, and found a 
majority of votes in favor of Jacquelin Ambler, Esquire. 



In the House of Delegates, 

December 17th, 1794. 

The House, according to the order of the day, proceeded by joint bal* 
lot with the Senate to the choice of a Judge of the General Court in the 
room of Spencer Eoanc, Esquire, who hath accepted the office of Judge 
of the Court of Appeals; and the members having prepared tickets with 
the names of the persons ballotted for, and deposited the same in the 
ballot-boxes, Mr. Bentiey, Mr. Tate, Mr. Clay, Mr. Baytop, Mr. Cham- 
berlayne, Mr. Harvie, Mr. Evans (of Accomaok), Mr. Braxton, Mr. Wil- 


1794. kinson (of Henrico), Mr. Cocke, Mr. Baylor, Mr. Falcon, Mr. Bamett, Mr. 
Dec. 17th Shearman, and Mr. Machin were nominated a committee to meet a com- 
mittee from the Senate in the conference chamber, and jointly with them 
to examine the ballot and report to the House on whom the majority of 
votes should fall. 

The Committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Bently reported that the committee had according to 
order met a Committee from the Senate in the Conference Chamber, 
and jointly with them had examined the ballot boxes, and had found a 
majority of votes in favor of Paul Carrington, Esq. 



In the House of Senators, 
Wednesday, December, 17th, 1794. 

The House according to the order of the day proceeded by joint bal- 
lot with the House of Delegates to the choice of a judge of the Gen- 
eral court to fill up the present vacancy therein ; and the members hav- 
ing prepared tickets with the names of the persons balloted for, and 
deposited the same in the ballot boxes, Mr. Cabell, Mr. Preston, Mr. 
Birchett, Mr. Meade, Mr. Bassett, and Mr. Anderson were nominated a 
committee to meet a committee from the House of Delegates in the 
Conference Chamber, and jointly with them to examine the ballot 
boxes and report to the House on whom the majority of votes should 

The committee then withdrew, and after some time returned into the 
House, and Mr. Cabell reported that the committee had, according to 
order, met a committee from the House of Delegates in the Conference 
Chamber, and jointly with them examined the ballot-boxes, and found 
a majority of votes in favor of Paul Carrington, Jr., Esquire. 



Dec. 17th A. Prior to John Steele. 

Notwithstanding I have recited my case to you verbally, hope I may 
be excused in committing it to writing to avoid any neglect thro' mis- 
take of my request to the board in my former address to the board. 

As there is no money in the Treasury, flatter myself that I may be 

indulged to receive a warrant, which I will risque collecting the money 

upon, from the sheriffs in the country on the contingent fund or any 

other fund, tho' it should be at my expence, sooner than be without 

1^ some relief at this time, and that I may be indulged the opinion of the 


Board in regard to the claim of the officers and soldiers for issuing salt 1794. 
to every hundred rations of salt provisions, in writing, unless it should Dec. 17th 
be considered unnecessary and not worth claiming the attention of the 
Board. Doctor Pettit's bill, Dr. La Moynes*, the winter protection at 
the Point and Belleville, and my ammunition account may have its 
deserved effect on the minds of the board. 

I am, &c. 

Eichmond, December. 12th, 1794. 

I beg leave to lay before your Excellency and the Honorable Board 
my local situation from this place, and the difficulty and fatigqe attend- 
ing a journey from the point at the period of the year the services of 
the militia will end at. In coming forward to close my accounts as a 
claim for partial payment for my services as contractor for the militia 
in Kanawha county, I consider it unnecessary to say anything more on 
the subject, as Col. Steele, and probably some other gentlemen of the 
board can more fully inform your Excellency of my distant and difficult 
situation. I therefore most earnestly request your Excellency and the 
Honorable Board to consider me in the most favorable light, and grant 
me at least three parts of the sum due for the rations furnished the 
militia, which can be ascertained from returns which will be laid before 
the Board by Mr. Cavendish. I also request your Excellency and the 
Honorable Board to determine the propriety or impropriety of issuing 
salt with salt provisions, and request it may be given me in writing the 
opinion of the Board. I also request the payment of an order for Dr. 
Pettit's attendance on the sick and wounded in 1793, also for the win- 
ter establishment last which will be justified in a letter from Colonel 
Lewis to Governor Lee last summer. 

I have, &c., 


John Pbndlbton to the Governor. Dec. isth 

I can not but think that the returns on the Executions mentioned Auditor'i 
within, afford sufficient ground for suspicion of fraudulent sale, and I ^^^ 
lay the subject before the Executive pursuant to the 22nd sect, of the 
16th chap, of the Acts of '92. 

I ought indeed to have done this before now, but it escaped attention. 

I am, &c. 

On a fi. fa. issued the 23rd July, '92, for the C'wealth against Robert 

Craig, formerly Sheriff of Washington county, for a balance of taxes 

due for the year '87, the Sheriff made the following return: 



1794. 1792, Oct. Ist. 

Dec. 18th Executed od one tract of Land, two fields of corn grain thereon, a 
quantity of Rye, oats, and Flax in a barn, the propei*ty of Robert Craig 
by virtue of the within Execution. 



Sh'ff Washington County. 

OcVr 10th, 1792. 

Two pounds 5s. 6d. made by the grain, and the Land not sold for 
want of bidders. 




The 7th day of March, 1793, a Vend. Exp*s issued, on which the 
Sheriff made the following returns: 

By virtue of the within writ to me directed, I have exposed to sale 
the Land and tenements therein mentioned, which produced the sum of 
three pounds 6s., which I have ready in my hands as within is com- 


To the Hon'ble the Executive of Virginia: 


I do myself the honor to answer your last, ruquesting to know 
what Public Monies are in my hands, or what prospect I have to collect 
any. Only two Executions have been sent to me; in one of which 
against Ward, Sheriff of Russell, was an error that I could not proceed 
on it. Since that, some money has been paid into the Treasury on this 
Execution. The other was against Robert Craig, late Sheriff of Wash- 
ington, which, from several causes proved improductive to the public; 
a statement of which business, I do myself the honor to Inclose and 
hope for your Instructions in what manner I am to proceed in future. 
No monies have come into my hands under my agency. 

I have, &c, 


A statement of facts respecting the Land whereon Robert Craig, late 
Sheriff of WashingtoD county, now lives, and on which I did as Agent 
direct the now Sheriff ot Washington to levy an execution for the arrear- 
ages ot taxes due from s'd Craig and securities for the year 1788: 


In Hfty, 1792, ibis Land is said to have been sold by virtue of an 1794. 
Ezecntion issued against fiobert Craig for arrears of taxes due from bim 1^- 18th 
as Sberiff for the year 1787. It is said this land contains about 180 
acres and has yaluable improvements thereon, and was sold at said sale 
for eleven dollars (which is less than three-fourths of its value), and 
credit for three months, was not offered at that time. 

It appears from the oath of Alexander Montgomery that only about 
thirty days' notice was given of the sale of said land ; that no commis- 
sioners attended to value said land, or were summoned to attend. He 
was then the Sheriff of Washington. 

It appears by the oath of Walter Preston that Robert Craig either 
advanced or offered to advance the purchase money then bid for said 
land. These proceedings I conceived were illegal, and therefore I prose- 
cuted the business in the following manner, which was put into my 
hands as agent by the Commonwealth, viz: 

I delivered the execution against said Craig to Robert Campbell, now 
sheriff of Washington, and directed him immediately to levy it, which 
he did upon the afore-mentioned land. A claim was then set up to said 
land by David Carson, one of Robert Crig's securities, who called him- 
self the purchaser. A jury was then summoned to try the title of said 
land, agreeable to law. Witnesses were called on; the jury divided in 
opinion seven to five, the majority for the Commonwealth. 

I again appointed another day for a jury to meet a second time, viz: 
the third of October; they accordingly meet to ascertain the title. In 
the meantime Alexander Montgomery, the late sheriff who sold the 
land, executed a deed of conveyance for the same to David Carson in 
the court of Washington, for the above consideration of eleven dollars, 
and after the first execution was levied thereon. 

On the second meeting of a jury on said land but one witness appeared, 
though several were directed to be summoned. He was objected to by 
some of the securities as being interested. The case was stated how- 
ever to the jury, who were again divided eight to four, a majority for 
the Commonwealth. 


Nov. 3rd, 1794. 

The sale made by the sheriff, under the execution which was levied 
in 1792, seems to me to be void in consequence of the irregular proce- 
dure of that officer. He has in nothing obeyed the law. If no provis- 
ion was made for the case I should have no hesitation in advising the 
sale of the land under the second execution, even although a verdict of 
the jury had been rendered against the Commonwealth. But the 22nd 
section of the 16ih chapter of the Acts of 1792, which is copied from 
the Act of 1787, directs the Auditor, when he shall suspect fraud in the 
service of an execution, to make report thereof to the Executive, whose 
duty it shall be to direct the Attorney of the Commonwealth for the 


1794. district, oountj, or corpormtioD to file an information thereupon, and if 
Dee. 18th it shall appear that the sale was firaadulent, the property shall not pan 

In this ease, the sale is in my opinion not only void throagh its firaad, 
bat its irregolarity likewise. Yet as the irregnlarity seems mingled 
with fraud, it may be most proper to porsae the precise mode pointed 
out by the law. 


The service of the execution vested the property in the Sherii!^ so that 

it became legally his for the purpose of satisfying the execution. lo 

my opinion it passes to his representative, who may and is bound to sell. 

The question however came on before the last General Court, and was 

not decided. 

J. M. 

Dec. 18th Paul Cabrixgtoh to the Oovbrhor. 

Richmond Your Excellency's letter inclosing a Commission to me as a Judge oi 
the General Court conformably to the election of the (reneral Assembly 
is this moment received. 

The appointment is readily and gratefully accepted, and in return for 
the confidence of the Legislature, I can only assure them of my earnest 
disposition to discharge the important duties of the office with care and 

I have, &c. 

Dec. 18th By the Governor op the Commonwealth op Virginia — ^A 


Whereas, the information respecting the infectious disease which pre- 
vailed in the West Indies, and which induced the proclamation of the 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Commonwealth of the second day of August, 
one thousand, seven hundred and ninety-four (directing the performance 
of Quarantine in certain cases), concurs with the present season of the 
year, in rendering unnecessary a continuance of the precautions therein 
directed, with respect to vessels arriving from certain ports in the said 
Proclamation mentioned, I have, therefore, thought it proper by and 
with the advice of the Council of State, hereby to revoke the same. 

Given under my hand as Governor, & under the seal of the Common- 
wealth at Bichmond this 19th day of December, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand, seven hundred and ninety-four, and of the Commonwealth 
the nineteenth. 



Warrant of search by Hue & Cry issued by Thomas Watkins, J. P., of 1794. 
Halifax, for the arrest of Thomas Tuck, charged by a oorouer's jury Dec. 18th 
with the murder of Thomas Daniel, and who has fled from justice. 

Deposition of Thomas Nash at a coroner's inquest concerning the 
murder of Thomas Daniel by Thomas Tuck. 

Deposition of Tapley Daniel conceruing the murder of Thomas Daniel 
by Thomas Tuck on the 13th of Nov., 1794, at the house of John Nash, 
in Halifax. 

Inquisition of twelve good and lawful men taken before Thomas Wat- 
kins, Coroner, of Halifax, on the 26th day of Nov., 1794, over the body 
of Thomas Daniel, murdered by Thomas Tuck on the 13th of Nov., 
1794, at the house of John Nash, in the county of Halifax. Verdict, 
that the said Daniel came to his death as stated, viz. : by being stabbed 
with a knife in the hand of said Tuck. 

George Clendenin to the Governor. Dec. 20th 

On yesterday the Honorable Mr. Steele informed me that my letter Richmond 
respecting the pay and subsistence of a certain company employed for 
the defence of Greenbrier and Kanawha would this day undergo an in- 
vestigation. I therefore consider it a part of my duty to lay before your 
Excellency and the Honorable Board a schedule of the allowances made 
by the General Government for the year 1791. 

Your Excellency will please to have a reference to the law of '92, in 
virtue of which certain ranging companies were appointed, and that by 
the act of the Executive the militia (if the necessity of the case required) 
should aid them. If by this order of the Executive they should have 
acted in conjunction with this ranging company, or in other words, 
done the whole of duty themselves, I beg the Executive to inquire 
whether they ought not to have equal pay (at least). 

This schedule is meant to inform you that if militia pay should be 
concluded upon by the Executive the militia will be in a worse situation 
than they were before the interference of the State Government. 

I am, &c. 

N. B. — You will please, with your statement of decision on the afore- 
said business, return to me the enclosed sehedule. 


Richmond, December 18th, 1794. 

I beg leave to represent to your Excellency that in vain have I for 

a considerable time endeavoured to have the pay and subsistence of 


I7M. Oik]ytftai Ji^n MoniB' eompanT. empkijed for tlie d e k j ooa of GuB c uh r i ef 
Bbc 30di ikiid Emnawiia, TDOonsidflred. Tb^, Sir, vnder tbe hsvwman law, war 
called ont on tiie lifth a£ March. 1792. and were ia aesrioe in tlie mamtk 
of Maj when Gaptaiii Ka^ CaperioD came forward, who wae^ appointed 
the olBoer of a ranging oompacv for the protectioD of the aforewd 
couxities the same Tear. When he appeared on the irontaen he informed 
me that in ooneequtmoe of the default of the oontcacUH!. Co1(hm] Boon, 
it iiaid wA been in hi^ power to bring fin-ward bk oompaaj, as no pro- 
TiBon had been or was abom t^ be made for them : therefore in vutoe 
of a power which was delegated to him by the ExeeotaTe, he direetad 
me to ca utinn e tbe said John Morric;" CoaipaBj ia wiriOL^ they beinj^. 
nr. in a gnat meaBure tiie onbr f!Tiflt,ing power wbeivbj the Eoemj 
might be xcfkelled. for by the Beason af arBsaid. I beiie^v hcu ibe nid 
Oapoinon. ooold not bring forward his oompaair. Tbe aaid eoaipaiij 
w«pe eontnined in serrioe dnring tbe whole tzme tor wbieii tii^ A^mn^mA 
par and subsistance. br mv LietteirB of the ^Ist and 22&d of Sryifiiaber 
IT!^ I gare the Exeeotive notice thereot who retnrDed me for an- 
swer that they beard with great pileasnre of my exisnioi» to defend tbe 
Frontieir&. and approved of my condnct in oo-opecadng with Cm^i 
Oaperton. by detaching to hif aid tbe afareBaid company of Militia: tbtt 
they wonld be paid for ibe serrioe ^o soon ae the paupea pafiert reacbeo 
l^»em. Tb» actnowledcreanemt beaas date the twettth dax of Ocuiber. 
17H2: bat. Sir, wbcsn Oapt. John Xacire comes lorward fas* bi«i pay for 
iaamtM and eompainr, and al«> ^th 1^ abRtrara ior Bataonf^ aetaalhr 
tornifibcd. tbe EraoomY answer t^at ii»ev kaow iionidiu; <3f ii^ 
caDon . thai thi$> mnsi bare been tbe act of tbe <&E>reniar— wrt of tke 
^sroremor and ixinnciL 

H«re. flir, gwe me leave to rcfoeBi year ExfioIkBinr and tte boa ye 
Boapd «> panseior a moment. I>d L sir. especi libai libe Sbcecaiaiv vi9 
indiridnally addreafi me ? I^ it n A liie pzacoaoei^aa ibe«men^ kneeled 
£mm ynir Board tc* bar^e tbe Signaxnre at xbt Governor? Am I in «t 
flffioial fiftataon to knc'W any cither than bim at tbe bead ^tf* tht depaii- 
TDBBi ? S^e. sir. by bk said lieoer of tbe XStb m OotobeE. l?9t2L iafiirsf 
me ibat my JjBOta^ oJ i^ Ha and 22d bad ben snbodUad to tht 
CRUDMnl «r Stale, and l^aa their ^flMDmanabim was ae I iunpe abum ^^ 

Sir. idiere wa^ no Omnxactar. cnnsegnenthr I wa^ oompcdlad tc» iiaaifib 
Batirms far sud Oampaxy, par: of wiacb wa^ am of my cwn pnriK 
pu i p e j ' tji and pan I parcSiased for w^^ I am libbgnd to pay if it takes 
tbe last stjrea- 1 ba^^e on Ean^ 

It wall perbi^ be asked by tbe Execntivr why i did nm iniona tbea 
that tbeM* men were it serrioi' Tirenrinf i^* mr ktzser^ of ibe lif4 asd 
.22d of SugiiBmhec, 17B1. If xbif^ qnesxaon axise i^mw will jtktase to itkr 
tr> their prniie«dings^ Tef^^ecung tbe expsndirain» ai IT^L wb eu tta tbcr 
me v* inrward tbe angina] pigiorF a»^i^<6flBead GcfVEameBt 
af mteab labiBildamineidiaMbriTaiHmriiaaiiiiiai Uiiardtf 


I most promptly obeyed. Mr. Joseph Howell at the head of the ac* 1794. 
ooaDtant's department informed me that he had paid my express. The Dec. 20th 
Bzecuiive of Virginia informed me that the business of executing their 
orders did not authorize an express, (or to that amount), wherefore, the 
Board advised that it should not be paid, consequently 1 could not after- 
wards procure any public conveyance, and when private ones are made 
use of, the papers seldom meet with their intended destination. I trust 
that the Honorable Board will not conceive that I intended to reflect 
upon them, when they thus determined, but being compelled to make a 
full statement and thus led to mention how I was restricted. The 
power was not vested in me as was in the ranging officer. If his Com- 
pany could have come forward, perhaps this extraordinary expence 
would not have been incurred. 

I hope your Excellency will pardon the trouble I give, when I beg 
you to have a particular reference to the uLany papers which transpired 
on the aforesaid occasion — ^and well knowing that some members of the 
Executive have never acted on this business, hope a decision will be 
found in my favor, if consistant with truth and justice. 

I am, &c. 


Gboros Clendekin to the Governor. Dec. 23d 

I am confined to my lodgings in consequence of a most inveterate oold Richmond 
that appears to affect my lungs. 1 do not expect to get the better of it 
in this place. Have therefore, to request your Excellency to collect a 
Council to-day, and determine on the business which I have laid before 
the Honorable Board. As I have laid myself liable to many on account 
of the business (obeying; must on my return render some satisfactoiy 
account. Therefore, I hope for an immediate decision — ^that those to 
whom I have showed the letters of the Executive, particularly the one 
subjecting me to the order of the Ranging Officer, and that of approv- 
ing my conduct so late as the 12th of October, in virtue whereof (and 
in default of the then existing contractor), many individuals give me 
credit, to whom I have been, and am at present liable. I wait the de- 
cision, suffer me to repeat it. 

I am, &c. 

W. Tate to the Governor. Dec. 24th 

In a former communication to you I stated the reasons which <>om- Richmond 
polled me to employ Mr. Wilson and Mr. Cavendish to aseist in paying ^^f 


1794. off the Yolanteer Militia of this State, by which I have iQCurred a con- 
Dec 24th siderable ezpeDce, which I am incompetcDt to discharge, by the ad- 
vance of two handred and fifty dollars which was voted me by the 
board on account, and as I understood, was intended to bear my ex- 
penses while I travelled over our Frontier country. 

If, therefore, the subject could with propriety be again resumed and 
such further compensation as to the Executive appears just and right, 
it will be held in grateful remembrance by 

Your, Ac. 

Dec. 24th To the Honorable the Governor and members of the Privy Council : 

The petition of William Mitchell, late Sheriff of the county of 
Patrick, respectfully showeth, That previous to the division of the 
county of Henry, a certain James Lyons having acted as Sheriff thereof, 
and fallen short in the collection of the certificate Taxes for the year 
1786, a judgment for the amount thereof was entered up in the Greneral 
Court on account of his delinquency, and the execution issued thereon 
put into the hands of your petitioner as sheriff of the county of Patrick 
returnable to the November Term of the said court in the year 1793; 
that in virtue of the said Execution, he made of the Goods and chattels 
of the said Lyons, the sum of £31. 5. 6. in certificates, which, agreeably 
to Law, ought to have been paid into the Treasury on or before the 9th 
day of December thereafter. 

The above-named petitioner offers in extenuation of his failure to 
make payment of the above-named Judgment, the fact that he and aU 
other persons from the country were prevented from coming into Bich- 
mond by the existence of the Small-pox in the city at the time he would 
have come for that purpose. 

Judgment in the Gen*l Court at Richmond entered against Wm. 
Mitchell, sh*ff of Henry, for £31. 58. 6d., am't of an Ex'on against Jas. 
Lyons, late sh'ff of Henry, for certificate of Taxes for 1786, and a forieit 
of £128. 12s. 6d., with int at 10 pr. ct. from 9th Nov., 1793, on £31. 6. 6. 
Damages and Int.; also $5 26, charge for notice and costs of motion. 

Auditor's certificate of payment of above. 


Richmond In the presence of Col. John Steele, Capt. Hugh Caperton, and myselfj 
agreed that the Eations furnished his Company in the year 1793, from 
the 15th of February to the 26th of the same month, should be paid to 
myself. At present the Order stands in his name. He is gone, and ex- 


pects me to draw the money. Claims of the same nature are paying 1794. 

np. I therefore trust that such measures will be taken by the Execu- Dec. 27th 

tive as will direct a payment to me. 

I, sir, was your contractor, and am Lyable to the people for said 

amount of Rations — part was found in Greenbrier by Capt. Caperton 

thro' my directions. 

I am, &c. 

A. Lewis to the Governor. Dec. 28th 

Not receiving instructions from the Executive respecting the discharge Montgomery 
of the troops under my command on the Southwestern Frontiers, I 
acted agreeable to their directions to me under which the troops were en- 
listed, Dated December the 3d, 1793, in which you will find they were 
to serve until the last day of the month, if deemed requisite. Whether 
from their instructions they intended I should judge the time necessaiy, 
I cannot tell, but knowing by inference that this being a time of year 
that our frontiers are least exposed to the Indians, and that it would be 
a small expence saved to the public, I took the liberty to have the 
whole of the Troops under my direction Discharged on the 20th day of 
this Instant. It's not convenient for me to attend at Richmond with 
my public acc'ts — have forwarded them in the care of Mr. Kent, by not 
receiving the Instructions as Dated above. The Troops are discharged 
for the service of ninety-three. It made the recruiting Business very 
Difficult, and put it out of my power to have my company, which was 
destined for the winter Defence, to be mustered in a regular manner. I 
was under the necessity of immediately sending them so soon as enlis- 
ted, to keep up the different Garrisons, and it was some time before they 
could be mustered ; and others, again you will find as pr. Roll, were 
mustered on the very day as entered the service — so that I think it full 
as saving a plan to the public as to have had them mustered at one time 
and to draw pay six Days previous to their muster. My instructions 
in that point, as well as every other Directions given me in charge by 
your Honorable Body, I should have most cheerfully complied with had 
the nature of the service admitted. The Troops allowed for the summer 
defence, the officers had a sufficient time to raise them, and enabled them 
to be mustered in a regular manner, but my not receiving my Instruc- 
tions for the defence of the Frontier until some time in December last, 
when the Troops were all dispersed, I was obliged to supply the different 
Garrisons as I could, and unless the muster-master would have attended 
at the different stations, it was impossible to have them mustered within 
the time allowed ; but so soon as a sufficient number were in service to 
protect the part most exposed, I had them enlisted as the necessity of 
the Frontiers required and called into service, which I hope your Excel* 

lency will be satisfied was the most saving plan. 



17d4. The officers' time and pay I have in the pay roll left blank, bat think 

Dec. 28th their pay ought to commence on the fifth day of December, 1793; for 
since that time they have been fully engaged in the Business. I have 
settled with my company for their service for the year 1794, and made 
them full payment for which they have assigned their discharges to me, 
and as it would save the trouble and expence of a paymaster for that 
Company, I have sent the whole of the discharges by Mr. Kent, and 
hope your Excellency will, as I have advanced the money and given 
my own obligation for money to be paid them, which was their choice, 
that you will direct the amount of said discharges with my own pay, to 
be paid to Mr. Kent. If the Treasury is not in a situation to advance 
the money, warittnts for the amount will be given. 

The public arms are lodged at Mr. John Smith's, Russell county. Of 
the ammunition allowed for the Troops for the year 1793, there is 
now on hand of the lead, three hundredweight. I was in hopes to have 
made the powder allowed for the same year to have also done the Troops 
for the present year, but it failed, and I was obliged to purchase a quan- 
tity Forward the account by Mr. Kent and hope he will reoeive 


Our fellow citizens who live exposed to the mercy of a savage enemy 
are much alarmed, least Troops may not be allowed them for the next 
year. Their situation, from my own knowledge, I must lament, but 
hope and trust that as the Executive have stretched their hands out to 
assist them, that everything will be done to render their safety complete. 

I am, &c. 



The memorial of William Pickett, late sheriff of the county of Fau- 
quier, Humbly Sheweth — 

That your memorialist was appointed and commissioned as sheri£P of 
the county of Fauquier for the years 1788 and 1789, and agreeable to 
the usage of sheriffs, farmed out the office to John Blackwell, who took 
upon himself the excution of his said office. Tour memorialist expressly 
states that he never had in any manner interested himself in the collec- 
tion of the taxes due for those years, considering that the said John 
Blackwell and those who collected with him as being entirely responsi- 
ble for the payment. That the succeeding collections for the year 1790 
devolved upon Thomas Bronaugh, who also farmed out the office to the 
said John Blackwell ; that during the collection which was to have been 
made under the said Thomas Bronaugh, judgments were obtained by the 
Commonwealth against your memorialist for a considerable balance of 
the Bevenue tax upon which said judgment executions issued and put 


into the hands of the said Thomas Bronaugh to be executed, and the 1794. 
said Thomas Bronaugh delivered the said Executions to the said John Dec. 28th 
Black well) as he has been informed, who was entirely responsible as your 
memorialist then thought; that the said John Blackwoll, without giving 
any notice to your memoriahst, returned the same to the General Court 
office, "that he had executed it and it was ready to satisfy." 

Your memorialist further states, that be was advised and did verily 
believe, that by the said return he was entirely discharged from the 
Judgment of the Commonwealth, and that the said Thomas Bronaugh 
had become responsible for the same in consequence of the aforesaid re- 
turn. Tour memorialist further states, that the taxes to be collected by 
the said Thomas Bronaugh have been paid into the public Treasury, as 
he has been informed, and the collection was made by the same persons 
that made the collection under your memorialist, and he has reason to 
believe that the money collected for the years 1788 & 1789 were appro- 
priated in discharge of the taxes collected under the said Thomas 
Bronaugh. Your memorialist further states that the execution returned 
by the said John Black well was quashed by the General Court, without 
having received any notice, and that an execution has issued against 
the estate of your momoralist, the whole or greater part of which has 
been taken in execution at the suit of the Commonwealth, and has been 
exposed to sale and at different times, the greater part has been actually 
sold and purchased by the Brigade Agent in trust for the Common- 
wealth. Your memorialist further states that the said agent has adver- 
tized the lands which he purchased, to be sold for the benefit of the 
Commonwealth on the 10th of next month, that your memoralist has ob- 
tained a judgment against the said John Blackwell, and has issued an 
execution by which he expects to recover from him the amount of the 
judgment obtained by the Commonwealth, and by that means have it 
in his power to redeem the lands and other property purchased by the 
Agent in Trust for the Commonwealth. 

Your memorialist further states, that the Commonwealth's execution 
against him has been returned to the General Court office by the direc- 
tion of the agent, a copy of which return is hereto annexed, to which 
he refers as a part of his petition. 

Your memorialist further states, that he supposed the agent could 
not legally purchase the property at less than three-fourths of the 
valuation of the Commissioners, and before the land whereon he lived was 
exposed to sale, your memoralist tendered the balance of the said 
execution, supposing the Merchant Mill had been sold at three-fourths 
of the valuation of the Commissioners, which was refused. 

Your memorialist further prays the interference of the executive to 
give directions to the Agent for the Commonwealth, to suspend the sale 
of his land which is advertised, to some future reasonable day, so as to 
give him an opportunity of collecting from the said John Blackwell and 
the other Deputy Sheriff's their several proportions of the taxes for 


1794. which his property has been sold, all the said Deputies being men of 
Dec. 28th real and personal property, which admits of little doubt, but that their 
several proportions of the taxes may be raised, and if no indulgence is 
granted to your memoralist, he prays the opinion of your Honorable 
Board whether the sale of the Merchant Mill as mentioned in the 
Sheriff*s return and purchased by the Brigade Agent, was not illegal 
and therefore void. 

And, &c. 

Fauquier County, December 28th, 1794. 

Executed on two slaves, Jupiter and Scipio, seventeen head of cattle, 
twenty head of sheep, eight head of horses, three beds and furniture, 
and one looking-glass, which were sold to Martin Pickett for one hun- 
dred and sixty-throe pounds fourteen shillings and nine pence ; and a^er- 
wards executed upon a merchant mill on Carter's run and fifteen acres 
of land, the land whereon the said William Pickett lived, supposed to 
contain three hundred and seventy-two acres; also a tract of land near 
the said mill, supposed to contain one hundred and eighty-three acres, 
and a lease in the Leeds' Manor, containing one hundred acres. The 
mill and fifleen acres of land on the 11th of November, valued by the 
.commissioners summoned agreeable to law to 1850; the Brigade Agent 
reflised to give three-fourths of the value, and directed it to be immedi- 
ately set up and sold for what it would bring, as there was no bidder 
at that time, and was purchased by said agent for eight hundred pounds; 
the land whereon the said William Pickett lived, supposed to contain 
372, was, on the 19th of November, valued by commissioners of the 
county, summoned agreeable to law, at 40s. per acre, and purchased by 
the agent at three-fourths of its valuation. The land near the mill, sup- 
posed to contain 183 acres, and the lease was advertised to be sold on 
the 6th of December, but only two commissioners attended; it was after- 
wards advertised to be sold on the 13th ot the same month, and only 
two commissioners attended ; it was again advertised on the 20th of said 
month, and no commissioners attended. There could be no sale. I was 
then directed by the agent to return this execution, and the balance of 
the land remains unsold. 

I have retained in my hands thirty -three pounds and eight shillings 
out of the first sale, for my commission upon the whole sales oi William 
Pickett's estate that was actually sold, and twenty-eight shillings for 
the commissioner's fees, which I have paid them, and the balance, 
£12a 18. 9., I have ready to satisfy. 

The above is a copy of the return made by me upon an ExecuUoo 
from the General court in favor of the Commonwealth vs. WilliAm 



Jambs MgGavogk to thb Governor. 1794. 


I made application to Mr. Moses Austin according to your request for Dec. 29th 
the Load due to this Commonwealth. He told me that he had at pres- Fort Chis- 
ent very little on hand, but so soon as he could get the quantity made 
which is due he would deliver it. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Miflin to the Governor. Dec. 29th 

I have the honor to transmit to your Excellency the copy of an affi- PhiU; 
davit made by Stephen Girard of the city of Philadelphia, Merchant, © P >* 
before a magistrate of this state, stating that Joseph Larelle had taken 
or caused to bo taken a certain Mulatto boy of the name of Crispin, 
aboQt sixteen years of age, from the service of him, the said Stephen 
Girard, with an intention of selling, or disposing or of keeping and de- 
taining or causing so to be, him, the said Crispin, who at that time was, 
and still is a servant for a term of years to him, the said Stephen 
Girard. And the said Stephen further says he verily believes that the 
said Joseph Larelle has by fraud seduced, or caused to be seduced, the 
said servant from him the Deponent being an inhabitant of the state of 
Pennsylvania, and has carried or caused so to be the said servant to 
parts beyond the state of Pennsylvania, to-wit, into the state of Yir- 
ginia, without the knowledge or consent of him the said Stephen." 

This offence is made highly penal by an act of the General Assembly, 
passed on the twenty-ninth day of March, 1788, fh>m which an extract 
is subjoined for your Excellency's more particular information. 

Under these circumstances, I request that your Excellency will be 
pleased to direct that the above described Joseph Larelle shall be deliv- 
ered up (if found within your State), to be removed to this state, having 
jurisdiction of his offence agreeably to the provision contained in the 
second section of the Fourth Article of the Constitution of the United 

I am, &c. 

Extract from an act of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania, passed 
at Philadelphia the twenty-ninth day of March, 1788, entitled "An act 
to explain and amend an act entitled an act for the gradual abolition of 
slavery " : 

Section 7. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that 
if any person or persons shall from and after the passing of this act, by 
force or violence take and carry or cause to be taken or carried, or shall 
by fraud seduce or cause to be seduced any negro or mulatto from any 
part or parts of this state, to any other place or places wbatsover, with 


1794. a design or intention of selling or disposing, or causing to be sold, or of 
Dec. 29th keeping and detaining, or of causing so to be as a slave or servant for a 
term of years, every such person or persons their aiders and abettors 
shall, on conviction thereof in any court of Quarter sessions for any 
city or county within this commonwealth, forfeit and pay the sum of 
one hundred pounds to the Overseers of the Poor of the city or town- 
ship from which such negro or mulatto shall have been taken or seduced 
as aforesaid, and shall also be confined at hard labor for any time less 
than six months nor more than twelve months, and until the costs of 
prosecution shall be paid.'' 

City of Philadelphia, ss. : 

On this twenty-seventh day of December in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, before me Matthew Clark- 
son, Mayor of the city of Philadelphia, state of Pennsylvania, peraoo- 
ally came and appeared Stephen Girard of said city, merchant, and 
being duly sworn, on his solemn oath deposes, declares, and says that a 
certain person of the name of Joseph Larelle has taken or caused to be 
took a certain mulatto boy of the name of Crispin, about sixteen years 
of age, from the service of him the said Stephen Girard, with an inten- 
tion of selling or disposing, or of keeping and detaining, or causing po 
to be him the said Crispin, who at that time was and still is a servant 
for a term of yeai*s to him the said Stephen Girard, and the said Ste- 
phen further says he verily believes that the said Joseph Larelle has by 
fraud seduced or caused to be seduced the said servant from the service 
of him this deponent, being an inhabitant of the state of Pennsylvania, 
and has carried or caused so to be, the said servant to parts beyond the 
state of Pennsylvania, to-wit: into the state of Virginia, without the 
knowledge or consent of him the said Stephen. 


In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name and 
caused the seal of the said city to be affixed. 


A true copy : 


Secretary's office, Philadelphia, Dec. 28th, 1794. 

Dec. 29th III Council, Dec. 30th, 17M. 

The General Assembly at their last session having passed an act en* 
titled an act authorising the Executive to remit the damages and final 


incurred by Sheriffs and collectors in certain cases, whereby a discretion- 1794. 
ary power is vested in the Executive. The board took the same into Dec. 2dth 
consideration, and advise that the circumstances of each case, on appli- 
cation lor remission of damages or fine, where the principal, interest, 
and cost shall be paid prior to the first of May next, shall be received 
and particularly attended to, and that applications subsequent to that 
day will most probably be negatived. 

Extract from the minutes. 


A. BLAIR, C. C. 

At a Court held for Sussex county the 1st day of January, 1795 : 1795. 

Present — Robert Jones, John Massenburg, John Mason, Green Hill, Jan. let 
and William Massenburg— Gent.: 

The court proceeded to nominate and recommend proper and fit per- 
sons to be commissioned Justices of the Peace for said county in addi- 
tion to those now exercising that office. Whereupon Charles Nicholson, 
Thomas B. Rives, John Smith, and Robert Booth are recommended to 

his Excellency the Grovernor. 


M. BAILEY, C. 8. C. 

British Consul's Office, Jan. 2d 

Norfolk, January 2nd, 1794. 

His Majesty's ships, Thetis and Cleopatra, having received some 
damage it will be necessary for them to have repairs before they can 
again proceed to sea. I have to inform you that both ships are expected 
here first iair wind for that purpose, and I presume they will l>e per- 
mitted to pass the forts into this harbor. 

I am, &c., 

William Lindsay, Esq. 

Edmund Randolph to the Governor. Jan. 3d 

I do myself the honour of transmitting to your Excellency six copies Department 
of a Proclamation issued by the President of the United States, recom« ^ ®***® 
mending a day of thanksgiving. I must take the liberty of requesting 
yon to cause it to be promulgated in any manner which you may think 
likely to render it most public. 

I have, &c« 

#^ vsiXKiai. vr ^fULis^ j'i^saB 

£71^ Vii«:j^ Wu4f««F ^ ^!iBi infrmsmnL. 

i'vrMii&r^uu iHii< ^>t«f««tt. K lift Oubveittr u^ l^iiAiUiitt o^ lus pas. Tufr CialiBCur l 
m^m^t Ui6fugar. inSMiei: t4iiw»rsanzi«c 14 at ainrmiuf il ^ut innmifl^ I 

HrttijfiiMr Iff Urt. I''tin* uin u milUi; Uk f tjdBTr *» jhb msL yme 3Lz- 
VMM viJ iMir ^u|«t(fi^ . «bC ixiauifuoil inypwwmrtnn* it xucjx^ ssajusL 

p'/nu V/ kM|i> 'tirdkr or pnM4<t tMcr ifeMOsuhr. I ub «c?e h s cot the 
^«M; whk tlijm. 

if tl^kftttf^Tk %i0ty mnt ^fOUtkd W reftan Lb on* port. I kcmU j cooeeire 
Y^^i/kUfWm, m muy *^i0^ fon whtn xhett maj wa, be to lar^ge a con - 
*jmnH '4 Vf^cmAi tAux^cwk^ % noeb m^/re: dligiUe pbee liyr tliem. 

f v«ll (^ ir«f7 ikftokful to jour Ezeeikoej for jMlfiee vhether tbe^ 
Hfiit/iuii^cint kiiv« U9i exmiiug ecrmmaBd orer the rtspettkre eountiei, or 
wb44lMrr ilNfti ^fmrnmnd m ratted io the Lt. CoIa. A the Brigadier Geo. - 
«f»to^ «r/f»Ao«d t^ the Brigades. 

I have, Ac. 

l\ H.-^inn^ writing the above letter, Mr Biddiek delivered you - 
KuiUiUiifUiy'Hf the r;oriteriU of trbich fihall be most cbeerfolly compliec- 

W. W. 


AnnompAiiyin^thlMyoa will rocoivo the customary quarterly retnru^ 
of inililiiry NtoroN and the pay rollH for the different persons employed 
III thii mirvifio of llio State under my direction, and likewise the oon- 
tHMitor'N aeoountfor rations furnished the Post. 


Yoa will observe that the wages are not extended in the pay roll for 1795. 
the militia guard lately ordered by the Executive, which proceeds from Jan. 5th 
a want of information respecting the exact monthly wages allowed them. 
The Honorable Board will remark in the return of military stores that 
there is a considerable number of muskets which might be returned all 
in complete order if their bayonets were ground and polished. This 
number is daily increasing, and renders a machine for grinding and pol- 
ishing the bayonets peculiarly necessary. The superintendent thinks, 
if the Board should deem it expedient to have this machine erected, 
that it will not cost more than 150 dollars, and perhaps less. 

The peculiar circumstances of the people employed by me as gun- 
stockers renders it a part of my duty to name them to the Executive. 
They have progressed so far in their business as to have nearly the 
whole of their wood work in readiness, and have set a number of the 
barrels into the stocks, and in this situation, from the want of gun locks, 
their business is obliged to stand. Therefore I feel myself in want of 
the advice of the Honorable Board to determine me whether I shall stop 
the artificers now engaged in repairing muskets and fitting bayonets to 
those already stocked, and depend on purchasing locks for such as may 
be hereafter stocked, or that I shall discontinue this employment of the 
smiths and direct their attention to the manufacturing of locks for pre- 
sent use. 

I am directed b> a petition from my artificers to request that they may 
be aUowed in future to furnish their own provisions, in place of being 
supplied by a commissary, and that they may have the amount of the 
same, at the present price of rationp, annexed to their pay. 

The Honorable Board will observe an application, lodged in the cham- 
ber some time past by sundry persons in the garrison, for a privilege to 
draw rations for their wives. I am solicited to call their attention to it. 
The names of the applicants are John Heekle, blacksmith, John Maddox, 
John Sillian and Will Hipkins, all old and deserving soldiers. Trusting 
that the Honorable Board will furnish me with their decisions on such 
parts of this communication as to them may appear material, 

I have, &c. 


A ship called Les Jurneaux, (or the Twins) Captain Buault, armed War 
and equipped in the port of Philadelphia as a cruiser, contrary to our l^P«tment 
neutrality and the law of the United States in such cases provided, has 
lately escaped from the river Delaware. It appears by the report of the 
officers employed to seize her, that she sailed from Bombay Hook the 
2d instant. 

The proof is positive that the ship has been unlawfully fitted out as 


ifj^ 'j^hK»ijti: ^/¥ mjtrnL rjjiiis. 

yt*^ 4Uk^« Ai«*iMt*viM/1} k iU«^#^i^<.rtct ^ ii«r iM inr fiifljifiitiu so £ur as 

y^uCi^y JUji^ 4/^Ui)^MMMiU lAi «wdii luMiiifr aft u» <fnubffaiee aa uamediau 
A^Vi/A: M ji# ^^AhM^ U<M i* vrdirr V# 4Hiiykt<' t^tsai t^ will pat ioto 
i»<<M/Mf ^^Hfi> m Uj^ ^yk^tm^mkA' *ff ^Ak^w pwt ia tW Uaited Slates. 

U. if it^iff^/TK iim r^i^Mfm, <4 iht Frtiadeat oi t^ Uaited States that 
yfM4 wUt *mim»i \km rtttf^nmUf mmmtrm tci be lakca for teixiog the ahove 
^#^Ar^M>/^^ #til|/^ wiib Utff la^k, furoiiore, aad stores, and also for 
t^UfftiU^^^UftH ih** ^'yU^HMin^ u^igiher with aueh of his officers and men 
HM Uh*^^ fmrUi^iimUt^i wUU him io Tiolatiog the laws of the United 

I have, &c. 


MlilM tiMMHif MliMUi I wnilo liiNt 1.0 tho Kxocutivo, tbo Indians killed two men and 
WMiMiiliul HiHitliiir on our IrontiorH. They were killed on December the 
'fill U{^\ I liiivu iIImmiUiiimI all tho men that was under my command at 
\\\s^ M^jiiraUoH or (ho old yi'ar agrooblo to my instructions, and have 
ti^MU \\\\^ pa)' Mlmirni^U and muiitor rolls on to your Excellency, and hope 
(Iml I ho K^oouMvo will nornl us our pay if possible, and if the rangers 
U hM>^^^UU^o HMothor i^oi^son, it would be of infinite service to have 
\\m\\ \^\\ wUtioh oarltor than tht^y have the two years pasu as the lo- 
\\\^\\^ ha\( ovoi\\ S|\riu|{ Innni huutiug near our frontier, and have oAen 
\(s^^o ^^U\'hl\v|' Wftviv Uu^ mi\^rs could be r«ady to take a scout cot any 

I conclude^ ^« 

\X ^Vs^^iS'^x t ^VvvAvU a» 4«jKMt;^;^MW Av«t <w q L >ig a£ Tsde w^> 5<rrr«d 
vi^.\ .\w\\v ^ ^\^i♦«^iw^^^l^ >U3tj» it aix:»av>r >/ 5/cw:ar'£ ZM ^mupcs I 

^y^<s% 4Miii^ .<Kc%«jftH\ t.'^ta!iK 'i)««(«t ;:ir»«wi«eM%.'«a I is?r*! runixrin 




Under the ombarraBsing eircumstanees of the Trea8ury*8 want of 
money, I have made application to the Treasurer to interpose and 
paliate as he can the inconvenience of my disappointment, by 
authorizing any person who has monies to pay into the Treasury to re- 
ceive my warrants in lieu thereof. 

The Treasurer hesitates and wishes the advice of the Honorable 
Board whose decision on this subject will readily determine the value 
of my warrants. 

I am, &c. 

Jan. 7th 

Edmukb Pendleton to the Governor. 

My neighbor, Mr. Garret, has requested me to introduce him to you 
for the purpose of procuring a testimonial that Mr. Chapman & Mr. 
Broadders who certify his deposition as Justices of Caroline, with the 
State seal, to render them useful to him in a Southern State, whither ho 
is going in pursuit of some slaves which he suggests have been wrong- 
fully carried away. 

I have, &c. 

Jan. 8th 

William Hartshorn to the Governor. jan g^h 

In conformity with the law for establishing the Bank of Alexandria, 

I now enclose you a statement showing the balance of the books of 

said bank. 

I am, &c. 

Balance of the Books belonging to the President, Directors and Com- j^^^ g^h 
pany of the Bank of Alexandria, taken January 8th, 1795 : 

Dr. Cr. 

To Bills and Notes, dis- 
counted, - . - 289,059 05