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"lEs STANFORD university libraries STANFORD 






'RiEs STANFORD university libraries STANFORD 



















ty 7ft^. S^^. yCi^/ 







JANUARY 1. 1785, TO JULY 2, 1789, 



William P. Palmer, M. D,, of Virginia, 

Under authority of the Legislature of Virginia. 



Sherwin McRae, 

Under authority of the Library Committee. 






Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four, 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. 

A^R ^ 1898 


This Volume is the fourth of the Calendar of Virginia State Papers and 
other manuscripts, arranged and edited by William P. Palmer, M. D., of Vir- 
ginia, and will be found to contain much that is valuable for the future history 
of the State. 

The period between July the 4th, 1776, and March, 1789, extending over 
more than twelve years, covers a distinct and peculiar era. in some aspects the 
most important in the history of the State. The events of this period, short as 
it is, were so influential on the destiny of the State, that the future historian of 
the Commonwealth will in it find much material for the best efforts of his pen. 
This volume extends from the first of January, 1785, to the second of July, 1789, 
an important part of the era mentioned; and it may be safely affirmed that no 
fiill and authentic history of the facts and events, contained in this volume, can 
be written without recourse to the papers which it records. The duty devolved 
on me, in connection with the manuscript of Dr. Palmer, enables me to state 
that this volume of the Calendar (as its predecessors) is marked by unusual 
accuracy and intelligent and judicious annotation. 






Resolutions * of the General Assembly, appointing Commissioners to jan*y ist 
survey a Road from Lynche's Ferry, in Campbell Co., on James River, 
to the navigable waters running into the Ohio River, and for improving Internal im- 
the navigation of the same; also Commissions to examine and fix upon ^J^^^^' 
the most convenient course for a Canal f V connecting the waters of Eliz- canal 
abeth River, in Virginia, with those of North Carolina, &c. 

Carter Littlepage to Gov. Henry. Jan*y 5th 

In regard to the unfair conduct of Mr. Godwin, of Nansemond, in 
securing for himself the Clerk-ship of that County, asks the Governor 
to suspend action for the present — ^adds, " Mr. Cochran will not dispose 
of his carriage. If you have not supplied yourself with Com, I can 
purchase for you at Mr. Page's, , of Broadneck, for 12s. (shillings) p*r Price of com 

Geo. Clendinen to Gov. Henry. jan'ysth 


As I am about to Depart from this City to-morrow, and have much Richmond 
at heart to promote the favor'd System of Improving the navigation of 
James River; also to have the Carrying Ground oppened from the navi- nienf'of'the 
gation of S'd River to the nearest Branch of the New River that Empties westward 
In below the fells of the Same, I therefore shall proceed, as neer as my ^^>^^* «c 
memory Serves me, to Describe the Distance between the navigation of. 
Said Rivers, which is as follows : The Road to begin at the mouth of 
Dunlap's Creek, a Branch of Jackson's River, which Road must pass 
Lewisburg, in Greenbrier County, and from thence to Meadow River, 
which River carries in Gaily River, and Gaily River into New River, 
Below the fells. The Distance between said Rivers will not exceed thirty Distances, 
miles. The Road is already oppened from Dunlap's Creek to Lewisburg, &c 

*Th^s^ appear in full on the Journal of the Legislature. 



1785. so that waggons have pas'ed with Twenty-five Hundred. About ten 
Jan'y 5th Miles of the Road, which is from Lewisburg to Meadow River, is yet 
unimproved, and as the Executive have the appointment of some person 
to Improve and Clear the S*d Road, I have thought It my duty to Give 
thus much Information. Trusting that I may not be thought presuming 
when I ashure Your Excellency that I have not'ing In View but to 
favor'd the Said Work, as the Salvation of my Constituents, together 
Effects ^j^ jjjg ygj.y respectable number of Inhabitants that lives Between the 
waters of Monongayly and New River Depends on the speedy per- 
formance of said plan; and, lasdy, that it will ever Cement them to the 
Interest of this State. 

I am your Excellency's very humble serv., &c., &c. 


Soliddng the appointment of his fKend, Presly Thornton, to succeed 
Co. Lieuten- Col. Kenner, deceased, as County Lieutenant of Northumberland Co. 
" His military knowledge, and the affection the people entertain for him, 
would qualify him to execute it with a great deal of propriety ; that 
however, with the utmost deference, I must submit to your superior 
judgement," &c. 

fan'y 6th By his Excellency, Patrick Henry, Esq,, 

Governor of the Commamvealth of Virginia : 


Richmond WHEREAS, it is the wish of Government, by removing all cause, to 
eradicate every idea of jealousy and suspicion from the minds of the 
neighboring tribes of indians, and to evince a Disposition to act with 
To abandon friendship and Justice toward them, and the takeing possession of their 
cupied on Lands may tend to give rise to such unfavorable impressions, and involve 
^he" west us in the calamities of war, which are always considerably heightened in 
Ohio River ^^ cause of injustice, I have therefore thought fit, by and with the 
and to the advice of the Council of State, and by virtue of an act of the present Ses- 
sion of Assembly, in that case made and provided, to issue this, my 
proclamation, commanding all Commissioners, Surveyors, and other per- 
sons, to suspend the taking possession or surveying of any Lands on the 
north west side of ye Ohio, or below the mouth of the river Tenesee, 
until they shall legally be authorized so to do, and calling on all persons 
who have already taken possession of such Lands, by the allegiance 
which they owe to this Commonwealth, forthwith to withdraw therefrom, 
and enjoining all officers, civil and military, to pay due obedience to, and 
assist in executing this proclamation, as all persons offending herein will 
answer for the consiquences, of a Contrary Conduct, at their peril. 


Given under my hand and the Seal of the Commonwealth at Rich- 1785. 
mond, in the Council Chamber, this sixth Day of January, in the year of Jan'y 6th 
our Lord one thousand and seven hundred and eighty-five, and ninth of 
the Commonwealth. 

Attest : 

A. Blair. C C 

Virginia in Account with de Beaumarchais. Jan*y6th 

Amount due him as allowed by the Solicitor-General, nine hundred 
seventy-three thousand twenty-three pounds weight of tobacco. 

L. Wood, Jr., to the Executive. Jan'ySth 

Setting forth the difficulties and delays pertaining to his office, the Richmond 
principal duty of which is " to State Accounts against Debt9rs to the Soliator*s 
Publick for the Attorney-General, and under his directions to proceed Duties of the 
to a recovery of the money." These aqpQunts originate from the Audi- office» &c 
tor's Office, but the delay in that Department had required him to keep 
separate accounts with the Revenue Officers, which had very much 
increased his duties. This, together with the necessity of his remaining 
in Richmond during the Sessions of the Gen'l Courts and the Gen'l As- 
sembly, constrained him to appeal to the Executive for an increase of 
pay, &c. 

John P. Duvall to Gov. Henry. Jan'y nth 

As he had just arrived at home from the Assembly, had heard nothing Harrison co 
fit>m the treaty with the Indians ; no hostilities ; but requests to be fur- 
nished with thirty blank Commissions to put the County in Condition of 
defence, as a precautionary step ** againtst the Spring." 

S. Hardy to Gov. Henry. jan'y 17th 


I do myself the honour to transmit to your Excellency the en- New York 
dosed Copy of a Memorial of some of the Citizens of Virginia praying 
to be indulged with a separate Government. It came enclosed in a letter 
from Arthur Campbell to the President of Congress, who I suppose was 
the parent of the scheme. 

In my last I informed you of the removal of Congress from Trenton to 


1785. this place, and the passage of an Ordinance establishing the temporary 
Jan'y 17th and permanent residence of that body. 

With great respect, I have the honour to be 

Your Excellency's 

mo. ob't and h'ble serv't, &c., &c. 


To the HanaurabU the Congress of the United States of America : 

The memorial of the Freemen inhabiting the County Westward of the 
Allegany or Apalachian mountain, and Southward of the Ouasioto, Hum- 
bly sheweth : 

That having been made acquainted with several Resolves and other 
Acts of Congress, respecting Western Territory, and having considered 
maturely the contents of the same, we are highly pleased with That equal 
respect for the Liberties of the People which seems to influence the Coun- 
cils of Congress. That nothing but a firm adherence to the principles of 
the Confederation, and a sacred Regard to the Rights of mankind could 
produce the late Resolves for la3ring off new Independent States, thereby 
pointing out such effectual measures to prevent the encroachments of Ar- 
bitrary power on the Assylums of Freedom. 

That we are happy to find so large a part of Territory already ceded 
to the United States for national purposes, and trust that every obstacle 
will speedily be removed for the completion of that business by the indi- 
vidual States affected thereby. That we are too much elated at the pros- 
pect before us not to wish that we may speedily enjoy the Advantages of 
such a Government as will be exercised over a convenient territory, not 
too small for the support of authority nor too large for the security of 

That our situation is such, inhabiting valleys intermixed with and envi- 
roned by vast wilds of barren and inaccessible mountains, that the same 
compensation of latitude allotted to the new States northwest of the Ohio 
might prevent us from ever being on an equal footing with our neighbors, 
blessed with so many natural advantages, navigable Waters, and a level, 
fertile Country. 

That a State bounded by a meridian line that will touch the confluence 
of Little River near Ingles Ferry, thence down the Kanhawa to the Ron- 
ceverte or Green Briar River, thence Southwest to Lattitude 37° north, 
thence along the same to the meridian of the Rapids of the Ohio, south 
along the meridian unlill it reaches the Tenesee or Cherokee river, down 
the same to the part nearest of latitude 34° South to the same, and east- 
wardly on that parallel to the top of the Apalachian Mountains, and along 
the highest parts of the Same, and the heights that divide the Sources of 
the waters that fall into the Mississippi from those that empty into the 
Atlantic to the Beginning. This, tho' not equal in quantity of habitable 
lands with the adjoining States, yet may be sufficient territory for a so- 


ciety that wishes to encourage industry and temperance as cardinal vir- 1785. 
tues. JanV 17th 

That in our pressent settlements we have maintained our ground during 
the late perilous War, and frequendy gave effectual aid to our Bretheren 
to the South and Eastward ; that we are first occupants and aboringers of 
this Country, freemen claiming natural Rights, and the priviledges of 
American Citizens. 

Our prayV, therefore, is, that your Honourable Body, with a generous 
Regard to the Rights of mankind, would speedily erect the aforesaid de- 
scribed Territory into a free and Independent State, subject to the foede- 
ral Bond, and likewise confirm and guarantee to its Inhabitants all their 
equitable Rights and Priviledges acquired under the Laws of the States 
lately claiming this territory ; that the disposition of the vacant lands be 
under the power of the Legislature of the new State, in as full a man- 
ner as that exercised by such of the Eastern States having unappropriated 
Lands, with this Reservation, that the monies arizing from the sale of va- 
cant Lands shall be faithfully paid to the order of Congress, towards the 
payment of the National Debt. 

And your Memorialists shall ever pray, &c. 

Approved and subscribed by us, in behalf of ourselves, and the freemen 
of our Respective Districts, whom we Represent. 



















The Auditors applying to the Executive for additional Clerks, the Gen'l Jan'y nth 
Assembly having adjourned without making provision therefor. 

Jan'y 14th 
OS. Jones 

fiddty to the Commonwealth, and of a privy Counsellor," as required by councilor 
Law, &C. 


1785. * B. Starke and J. Pendleton, Auditors to the Executive, 

Jan'y 17th Sir : 

Auditor's Your favor of the 14th Instant is now before us, and we are sorry 

office ^Q observe that the Supreme Executive should think so necessary an 

assumption of power as the appointment of Clerks to the Auditors* 

Board would expose them to the Smallest degree of Censure ; biit as it 

seems desired by them, for their own justification, that the necessity of 

History of such a measure should be more particularly explained, we now take the 

the Amii- liberty of entering into a detail of every step, which has been taken 

tor s O1TIC6 

relative to this Office. In 1778 a Board of Auditors was fully Elstablished, 
with power to appoint two Clerks, and those two were found sufficient 
'till the year 1780, when the business began to increase, and Continuecl 
increasing yearly ever since that period; and the Book-Keeper failing in 
1 78 1 to attend the Board, which became in a manner Itinerant, moving 
from place to place to avoid the Enemy, the posting-business of course 
fell greatly behind, and the evil daily increased 'till some time in 1782, not 
having it in our power to procure a proper Clerk for that Branch of 
business sooner, and tho' he is a very assiduous man, yet he has not 
been able to get the old Books farther forward than Feb'y. 1783. The 
Assembly in the fall Session of 1781, upon an application from this 
. Board for more assistants, thought proper, by a resolution, to allow two 

Legislature additional temporary Clerks. A resolution, of the like nature, has passed 
every Session since, 'till the last, and was prevented then only by the 
accident mentioned in our last; and indeed the Members of the Assem- 
bly, who were most active in the business, seemed deeply impressed with 
the necessity of giving the Executive full power to appoint any number 
of Clerks that might be found necessary to bring up the old business and 

Special duty keep forward the new. The last Spring Session a resolution passed, 
impowering the Executive to appoint any number of Clerks they thought 
proper, for the purpose of selecting from our Books the Experices of the 
Illinois department, which was accordingly done : but that business being 
now compleated, those Clerks are discontinued of course. At the same 
period another resolution passed, impowering the Auditors to appoint 

U S military ^^'^ Clerk, for the express purpose of making out transcripts of the Mili- 

accounts, &c tary Acc'ts, so long in our Office, for Mr. Dunscomb's government, in 
settling with the Military for pay since Jan'y, 1782. 

From this state of the matter, it appears clearly that we are not author- 
ized by any law or resolution to appoint more than two Clerks, (except 
the one last mentioned, who affords no aid in carrying on the business). 
They de- ^^ have, indeed, retained four^ the number employed ever since 1782, 

the Execu- with an expectation that the Executive would Sanctify the measure, and, 

* This letter is recorded in full, because it is a history of the formation and 
development of this Department, and illustrates the jealous regard for proper 
authority by those in power for all their official acts. 


moreover, permit an appointment of fwo others, making six in the whole. 1785. 
We make this request, §ir, from a persuasion that fewer cannot put the Jan*y 17th 
Books and papers in our Office in such a Situation as the Assembly wish, 
and probably will expect, to find them at their next meeting. We cannot 
with precbion say the number of hours each Clerk is employed every 
day in writing, but think that the two who keep the Books are engaged 
therein generally eight hours in the winter Season, and ten in the Sum- 
mer — the other two not so much. 

We are, with great respect, 

Your Excellencies ob. and h*ble 

Serv'ts, &c., &c. 

Thos. Johnson, Thomas Stone, Saml. Chase, and Daniel of St. Jan'y 19th 

Thomas Jenifer, Esquires. 

Appointed Commissioners on the part of the State of Maryland to Maryland 
meet the Commissioners from Virginia to settle the terms of navigation rS^f"^^^ 
and Jurisdiction over that part of Chesapeake Bay lying within the 
limits of Virginia; also over "the Rivers Potomack and Pocomoke," &c. 

Wm. Grayson to the Governor. jan*y 22d 

A judgement had been rendered against the SherifT of that County for Dumfries, 
;^692 for arrears of Taxes of 1783. He urges the relief of that officer, xhe people 
on the ground that he was in no way to be blamed for this delinquency, unaole to 
It was due to the extreme scarcity of corn, and the poverty of a people ^. ^^ . 
who, up to that time, had cheerfully met every demand made ifponthem the past year 
by the Government. 

RoBT. Mitchell, Mayor, to the Executive in Reply. jan'y 26th 

A committee of the Common Hall had considered his Excellency's Richmond 
letter in regard to certain criminals in the Public Jail condemned to death, Convict 
and had made their report thereon as follows : '* Resolved, That Mr. At- ^*^°ciw ^^ 
tomey be appointed to concert with the Executive a plan for applying 
the labour of those malefactors, who are now under sentence of death, 
and are intended to be pardoned on condition of working for the benefit 
of the City," but that the ** Common Hall" can only furnish them food 
"while employed for the use of the City." 


1785. B. Dandridge, p. Lyons, and Wm. Fleming, Judges of the Gen'l 

Court, to Gov. Henry in Reply. 

Jan'y 26th They had met, out of respect due the Executive, to consider his several 

Richmond letters in regard to the case of John Tyler, convicted of the murder of his 

uncle, Joseph Tyler (for whom a pardon was asked), and regret that they 

had not retained full notes of the evidence on the trial ; they should, 

therefore, have to rely upon their memories. But they can say with truth. 

Sanctity of "the unhappy man was convicted of the sad offence upon full evidence** 

judicial iQ th^ir satisfaction. They hope to be excused for expressing their 
decisions , , . . 

doubts on this occasion " as to the propriety of assembling at so late a 

day to state facts or explain the grounds of judgements, solemnly given in 

open Court and recorded there, which may tend to weaken or injure the 

authority and just rights of the Judiciary, under the Constitution.** 

JanV 26th Copy *of the Judgement against Gabriel Cox, Geo. Vallandigham and 
nS^'wash" -^"^^^^ Swearingen, in the suit of one Bays, in Washington County, 
county Two hundred fifty-five Pounds, Damages and costs, for the Plaintiff. 


The Directors of Public Buildings, from the time they had charge of 
Keeper of the "Assembly house,** had employed Mr. Zenas Taite to take charge of 
the keys of ^j^^ keys, which he kept until the past summer, *'whena small dispute 
happened between the Governor and the Directors,* * who sent the keys 
to him. The Governor delivered the keys to Mr. Taite, and continued 
him in the appointment, subject to his order. This step had relieved the 
Directors of any power to pay Mr. Taite his wages, and he now applies 
on his behalf to the Executive, who alone has the authority to do so. 

Feb*y 6th CoL. Le MaIRE TO (iN FrENCH). 

Richmond He forwards, without delay, two letters he brought from Europe. Pub- 
lic septiment in France indicated that hostilities wuld certainly begin 
in the spring, "and a// the brave soldiers wish to see you at their head^^ 
(Lafayette ? ). 

Foreign " Surely Germany will not offer you fewer laurels than you have gained 
affairs Jn America.** The Emperor was to advance into Flanders, with a large 
force, and to the frontiers of Alsace with another. Prince Henry of Prus- 
sia would probably take command of Twenty thousand Frenchmen in 

* Bears impression of the County Seal of Washington. 



Flanders, &c. He then appeals to him for aid in view of his services 1785. 
in America, and who had been " deprived of alle his possessions by the Feb*y 6th 
enemy.*' The Council of Va. could bear witness of his services. He had His services 
also served in Massachusetts, when he had been honored with a Commis- and else- 
sion of Col. of Artillery. He had been in the French service since 1756; where 
had been in the German wars, in that of the Corea, and six years in 
America. He has his Commissions. It was necessary that he should be Desired to 
received into the Order of Cincinnati, in order to obtain from the French be admitted 
ministry the necessaries of life. He therefore applies to his Excellency, ^^^^y of^cln- 
as a "French officer and as a foreigner,** that this order maybe con- cmnati. 
ferred upon him, as upon it depends his existence, &c. 

Charles Hulsteat, Swedish Consul at Philadelphia, to Gov, Feb*y 7th 


Desiring his Exequator to be issued for Virginia, that he may be then Philadelphia 
recognized in the above capacity. 

Copy of a Brevet Commission of Lieut Col. of Dragoons, granted to Feb*y nth 
Jaques Le Maire by the Gov. and Council of Virginia, under act of As- Rich»wond 
sembly passed Nov. 5th, 1779. Certified to by Gov. Henry, and Regis- Le Maire 
tered as an " Exemplification of the original,'* which he lost when " cap- 
tured by the Enemy on his return to Europe.** 

Col. Sam*l Hogden to Governor Henry. Feb*y 15th 

The Public stores referred to, in his letter of the 31st ult., were under Philadelphia 
the control of Capt. Nath'l Irish, his Deputy, who had been sent to Vir- Deposit of 
ginia to take care of dispersed arms, &c. The Order issued by Congress ^"^""rinia " 
for the Sale of Stores did not apply to Virginia, as it was intended to 
establish a Permanent deposite of Arms upon the Peace Establishment in 
that State, estimates for the erection of proper Buildings having been 
already made, &c. 

*L. Wood, Ju'r, Solicitor to Gov. Henry. Feb'y 17th 

Ejidosing List of Delinquent Sherifs, with judgements for the amounts Richmond 

of Taxes due from the several Counties under their charge for the year ^office*^'^ 


♦ Forty Counties, more than three-fourths of the State, appear on this List. 



1785. The aggregate deficit amounts to about Forty thousand Pounds, or 

Feb'y 17th nearly two hundred thousand dollars, a large sum of money at that date, 
quency in ' Many of the largest and wealthiest counties are charged with the greatest 
collecting amount of delinquency, viz: Albemarle, £2,2P^\ Augusta, £iy2^yy Bed- 

^nA ^£1 YOG 

^^ * ford, ^2,489; Gloucester, ;^3,732; Henry, ;^3»245; Lunenburg, £ifi2r]\ 
Northumberland, ;^ 1, 349; Powhatan, ;^ 1,121; Rockingham, ;^2,638 ; and 
Spotsylvania, $1,353. ^^ will be observed the counties occupied by the 
armies during the Revolution appear to have been less delinquent than 
those more remote from the scene of military operations, viz : York, 
;^I34; Surry, ;^47; Prince George, ;^ii6; Northampton, ;^2o8; James 
City Co., £1. This state of things was doubtless chiefly due to the im- 
{)overished condition of the people consequent upon the ravages of war. 

FebV 17th *Wm. Douglas to Gov. Henry. 

Providence Reluctantiy declining to act as "Commissioner to view a work*' of 
Forge great "public utility" on account of the pressing demands upon his 
attention at that time of his own and other's interests. 

CoL. George Skillern to Gov. Henry. 

Feb*y 19th 

Vindicating himself against charges preferred by the Rev*d Adam 
Botetourt gmyth. 

Sir : 

It has been suggested to me that a certain Adam Smyth, of this 
County, has exhibited to your Excellency an Accusation against me 
Charge of ^^^ missfeasance in my Judicial Capacity. Altho' I was Conscious 
malfeasance your Excellency would adopt no measure in Consequence of such Infor- 
m otbce mation, without Confronting me with my accuser, yet to remove, in the 
meantime, even the shadow of Suspicion, I shall take the Liberty of 
stating the facts which gave birth to the Complaint. 
^ . . This reverend Gentleman, by virtue of an act of Assembly (which was 

Smyth obtained from Ex-parte information, from its having been repealed shortly 
after), had a Demand against the County to a considerable amount as ar- 
rears for his parochial Services, which was liquidated by the five Seniour 
Bounds of niagistrates according to Law. These arrearages accrued at a period when 
Botetourt the Counties of Washington, Montgomery, Greenbrier, part of Rockbridge 
Pansh g^jj^ ^jjg whole of Kentuckie District composed the Parish of Botetourt, 

* " Providence Forge" was in Chas. City Co., on the Chickahominy River, near 
the point now known as the "Forge-Bridge.** No vestige of it remained or 
could be discovered until a recent flood in the river so changed the surface of 
the contiguous banks as to disclose a number of castings, wheels, shafts, and 
other remains that had long been buried under the deposites of previous over- 
flows of this fickle stream. 


and previous to the fearfull emigrations which have taken place from this 1785* 
to different Quarters of the world ; from which considerations the present Feb'y 19th 
Parish of Botetourt thought it unreasonable that they should be charged 
with the whole of the debt incurred by the former parish. This, I con- 
fess, was my opinion ; an opinion which I had repeatedly and Publickly 
announced. Conformable to these ideas I had subscribed and handed 
about a petition to the general assembly, not doubting but that tljey 
would discover and relieve us from the Imposition before the Law — ac- 
cording to the usual progress of business — should be carried into effect 
At a Court subsequent to this, about eight o'clock at night, when we were Real cause 
about to adjourn, and had barely a Court, the Rev. Gent, startled at the plaint 
remonstrances in the petition, makes a motion to obtain Judgment for the 
above sum of money. On this occasion Delicacy forbade my sitting in a 
cause In which I had publickly given my opinion, and Concerning which 
I had petitioned the general assembly. On my refusal to sit, a court could 
not be Procured, the motion was Consequently dropt. If my 
was reprehensible I am not yet Sensible of it, and it is an Error in Judg- 
ment, unaccompanied with any ill Intention, which I am happy in feeling 
a Conviction is the worst that can be said of my Transactions. I have 
had the honour of Serving in a Judicial Capacity for near twenty years, 
and in a military Capacity almost the whole of the war, without a single 
All^;ation against me, Either at home or abroad, and I trust that this first 
Complaint will prove the Child of resentment rather than reason. 

I am Sir, 

with respect and Esteem, Your 
Excellency's most obd*t and 
most Humble Serv't, &c., &c. 

Capt. John Peyton to Col. Thos. Meriwether. Feb'y 20th 

He had just returned from the Lead mines, and had brought with him Point of 

" the Public negroes * ' that were at that place, except " one Fellow by the ^. '^^^''^ 

-_.,-. , J , , . . , r T t . Negroslaves 

name of Fielding who deserted the mining before I started, one wench belonging to 

and three children, the weather being too cold to move the children." ^^^ State 
He had put " the wench and children " in care of Robt. Saunders. Col. 
Crockett had promised '* to use his endeavors in having Fielding appre- 
hended," &C. * * * Three of the public negroes were at 
Col. Lynch's (Lynch's Ferry, now Lynchburg). ♦ ♦ ♦ * 
"The public lead at the mines I had weighed ; the amt. 74,000 lbs.; it's Amount of 
stored in a good House, under the care of Mr. Robt. Saunders, who lives lead at the 
at the place, and who will take care of it till further orders, or till called "^^n^s 
on by Mr. McGaffoc," who had been requested by the Governor to take 
charge of it " The expence in moving it to Mr. McGaffoc's will be 
something considerable, being distant 7 or 8 miles, and no nearer this 
place than at present" 


1785* His not returning in time from the mines had prevented his examining 

Feb'y 20th the Continental arms, Powder and other stores at New London. Mr. 
Wm. Price did the business, and make no doubt with the greatest exact- 
ness/* &c. 

^^^*y ?^^* Wm. Ronald to Gov. Henry. 


Appointed ^^ ^^^ received his Excellency's letter notifying him of his appoint- 
commis- ment " as one of the Commissioners on the Canal Business.* * He had 

arrange for '^^P^ some gentleman better informed than himself on this subject 

the canal would have been found willing to take that place, and he still hopes this 

between j^^y ^ done. But should it be otherwise he will cheerfully do all in his 

riverand the power "to forward a scheme which will be extremely beneficial both to 

North Caro- (he trading and landed Interest of this Country.** 
una waters. ** -^ 

Feb'y 22d Capt. John Peyton to Colo. Meriwether. 

Point of Mr. Wm. Price will deliver the Returns of the last Quarter's Transac- 
Fork tions at^that Post. He[ has six month's provisions and forage on hand. 
* * * * If the Public negroes are to continue there, he 
recommends the policy of renting a farm, and employing half of them 
in making corn and oats ; the other half, with the guards, could be kept 
at cleaning arms, getting coal, wood, &c. 

Feb'y 24th A RETURN OF White Persons and Buildings in Amelia Co. 

Whites 3941 

Dwelling Houses 1185 

Other houses, 2793, and Log-houses 106 

Feb'y 25th SpENCER RoANE TO GoV. HeNRY. 


Essex CO. Your Excellency's Letter of 22d ulto. respecting a Recommendation 

of Militia field officers has been rec*d and consider* d by a majority of 

Importance those to whom it is addressed in this county ; and it is at their particular 
of selecUncr 
good offi- Request that I beg your Excellency to be more explicit in the designation 

cers, &c of those you have appointed to make the Recommendation. For this 

purpose the Letter is sent back. 

There is no such person in this County as John Clements, and it is 

not understood who is meant by Upshaw. The Gents named in 

your Letter, Sensible of the Importance of the Trust, are anxious that 

other respectable characters in the County may be added to the present 


nomination, so that the Choice may be most juidicious, and give some 1785. 
satisfaction to the County. Feb'y 25th 

The Bearer of this Letter, Capt. James Upshaw, a gent, of Estimation 
and character in this County, will be able to give yoQr Excellency the best 
and most Creditable Information respecting the gendemen in it. 

I have the honor to be, with Respect, 
YV Excellency's mo. ob't 

and mo. h*ble Serv't, &c., &c. 

Petition (in French) of Col. Jaques Le Marie to the Feb'y 26th 

Executive of 'Virginia. 

He had come to America to serve, by permission of the French Court. Richmond 
in 1777. Had been commissioned and sent to France by Virginia on the Employed 
i8th March, 1778, to procure military Stores ; had remained there eigh- arms, &c 
teen months executing this commission, and had sent heavy Artillery and 
other stores, which, fortunately, had Safely arrived in Virginia. He then 
embarked for America, and landed at Boston Aug. 30, 1779, from a vessel, 
the "Courier,** belonging to Messrs. Penet, DaCosta & Co. This vessel 
had on board goods for Virginia, for which he had become responsible 
before they were allowed to be landed. The ship had been under Con- 
voy of the French Frigate "La Sensible,'* which carried M. LeChev. de Boston with 
la Lauzune. The goods, to the value of 40,000 livres, were stored with the Chev. de 
Mr. Cushing & Son, in Boston, and he set off for Virg*a to give an ac- 
count of his mission. 

The Gov. and Council approved his Conduct, endorsed his manaofement T^® Execu- 

/•.• r ^ c^ A rr 3 f ' r tivc approve 

of the interests of the State, and ottered him a sum of money as a gra- his conduct 

tuity, which he refused. Soon afterwards the Hon*bl. Council made him an . .^"^ ^% 

offer of 10,000 acres of Land, which he accepted. This was in Nov. , 1779, * 

the Assembly in Session and Mr. Jefferson Gov*r, and the Council wrote a 

complimentary letter of him, which was read to them by Mr. Harrison, 

their Speaker. He had never gotten a title to the 10,000 acres of Land, 

which was afterwards reduced to 2,000 acres. To this land he had never 

been able to get a title, and he now returned to America to look after 

his interests. He had been paid the advances made in France, but in 

currency so depreciated that he had lost very heavily. This, with his 

losses in Boston, had reduced him to abject poverty, and while in Massa- MasMchu" 

chusetts he had solicited and received an appointment equal to a Colo, of setts 

Artillery, in charge of Fortifications ; aftewards he had returned to Virginia 

and given his services — was at the Siege of York, and after the surrender 

of the Enemy returned to Boston to embark for his home. Here he found 

a ship and paid his passage, " ten half in advance,* * but after all lost 

his passage, and was left with nothing, not " even a shirt upon my back,** 

and " but for the assistance of a respectable American lady, I should ^^'I^?^^*^^ 

have perish' d with want. She was so good as to support me, and I have 



Feb'y 26th 

Embarks for 


is taken to 


Desires to 

l)ecome an 



not, to this day, had ye means of making her a* recompense, tho' it is a 
debt of ye most sacred kind." He had nothing left then but his watch, 
which he gave for his passage to St. Domingo, but on the voyage was 
captured by a Privateer of Providence and Carried to Jamaica, where he 
heard that the vessel on which were his effects, his Commission and other 
valuable papers, had been taken by the Ulyses, an English ship. He had 
proof of all these facts. He had never rec'd a farthing of his pay as 
Lieut.-Col. of Dragoons in Virginia, and trusts this may be allowed, if not 
he will not complain, but begs he may be furnished a Duplicate Commis- 
sion, very important to him, to be used with the French Ministry. He 
begs also to know the intention of the Govemm*t in regard to his Lands. 
Such being the history of the Career and misfortunes of an unfortunate 
Soldier who had served their Country five years, he trusts his appeal for 
relief may not be lost upon *' Souls like yours, full of Sensibility and 
honor.* * He adds : 

" I have also. Sir, a favour to beg of you, that you will Suffer me to be 
naturalized here and become an American citizen, as I wish to finish the 
sad Career of my Life in the Shade of Liberty — too happy if one day 
my faiihfull services to your Country may make me really worthy of the 
title of a good Citizen and attract your Esteem and benevolence. 

** I am, &c., 


March ist 


Mddi""^' In regard to re-organizing the militia. The people not reconciled to 
county the Militia Law. 

March 4th 

Andrew Dunscomb to the Governor in Council. 

Richmond Giving reasons why he cannot consider favorably the claim of Col. 
Charles Harrison, "late command't of Artillery in the Southern Army," 
who, he says, " stands on the aforementioned return as deranged on the 
first of January, 1783." The State had but one company of artillery in 
the field, and having been ordered by the Com. in chief of the S. Army 
to take command of the artillery, he had done so until it was furloughed. 

March 5th 


Ol. Pollock to Gov. P. Henry. 

He is still in prison on account of debt incurred by advances made to 
the State of Virginia. Makes a draft upon the State, and writes to the 
Governor : " I hope your ExcelPy will in turn pay the same honor to my 
signature as I have done to yoiirs at the critical momait for a much larger 
sum, for which and my other advances for your State, I and my family 
are reduced to implore as a charity what is due by common justice." 



Col. Thos, Meriwether 


Reports Capl. Peyton's quarterly returns of the Quarter- Masters* De- March jih 
partment to be correct* &c. 

RoBT. Andrews to the Governor, 

March 5th 

Resigning his position as one of the Commissioners for establishing the WiUiams^ 
boundary line between the States of Virginia and Pennsylvania. ** having ^^""^ 
completed the necessary astronomical observations, and extended Mason 
& Dixon's Line to the distance of five I>egrees of West Longitude from 
the Delaware, &c.'' The only thing remaining to be done ** is to run a 
due North Line firom the South West corner of Pennsylvania, which we 
have established to the Ohio, a work which any one acquainted with the 
methods of determining the Variation of the Needle may perform,** He 
further begs this indulgence, in as much as his '* Department in the CoU 
1^^ would be materially affected by such an absence as another Western 
Expedition must occasion.'* 

Robert Andrews to Gov. Henry, 

Acknowledging the receipt of his appointment as one of the joint Com- 
missioners '* to examine and fix on the most convenient course for a canal 
between the waters of Elizabeth River in this State, and those passing 
through North Carolina.** He accepts the position, and recommends a 
meeting of the Commission's to be held in May, giving good reasons 
therefor, and asking to be informed, as soon as practicable, whether 
Messrs. Carrington and Ronald, the other members of the Board, will 
agree to this proposal. 

March 9th 


J. Ambler to the Governor, 

March 16th 

Stating the meagre condition of the Treasury, and requesting authority Treasury 
from him to draw on the Contingent fund for any further disburscmentik ^"»c<5 

Foster Webb to Gov. Henry, 

March i6th 

Presenting the claim of Daniel Clark, already approved by the Genl. As- Richmond 
semUy, upon the acceptance of Gov. Harrison in 1782. 



Printed Peoclamatiok. rr Coxgsless. 

Marcli iMi Ofiering reward ibr the detecboc 

written endorsemest of dK same br ihe G-^vemar 
to the amount of the reward 


«• ^ ■(.*.. 

March i8th 

Kichmond (Qualifies, under oath. 
United States. 


as CommiasioQer of MUxxaiy Qaxms a gaii i bi the 

Wm. Mayo, Jnl, to Gov. Hes&t. 

March 2rxh 

Powhatan In behalf of C>lo. Harris, late ooe of the 
wboiie accounts had been ddajred by the 
of Mr. Mo6by. luxler whcxn he had acted. 

of one of the 

aetilem em of 

Mardi arxb 

EvAX Shelby to Gov. Hexk.t. 

He had received the Land warrant that had been sent to him bv Gov. 
Jeffrrfson ; had put it into the hands of his son. Isaac Shelby, who had lo- 
cated it upon a ** Piece of extraordinary fine Land.'* As soon as he could 
hear from bis son, he shotild reply to all the Go\'emor*s enquiries rela- 
tive thereto. 

March 7ihi 

James Hates to the ExEcimvE. 

Ki'Jifiiofi'i Thankin){^ them for the offer made him "to print Baron Steuben's Re^- 
ulatiomt/' t>ut declining to do so because he should thereby be prevented 
(r<ifn completing the public woiiL with proper dispatch. 

Miirrh aa^l At a Court held for the Qnmty of Fairfax, 22 March, 1785- 


George Mason, 
Charles Broadwater, 
Alex. Henderson, 
(ieorgc Gilpin, 

John Gibson, 1 
David Stuart, I 

William Payne 



A nrw (\>mmisHion for this County, signed by the Hon'ble Benjamin 
MiirriHon, IvHci'r Jatc Governeur of this Commonwealth, being this day 


presented and read, whereby the Justices of the County are constituted 1785. 

and appointed de navo^ and consequently are required to take the oaths March aad 

of Qualification over again, notwithstanding they had before taken them 

under the Commonwealth, and several of the Justices have been many 

years acting Magistrates, by virtue of former Commissions, for this county. 

The Court, unanimously, refuse to receive, and do protest against the 

same, for the following Reasons : 

Because such Commissions wou'd occassion an unnecessary multipli* 
cation and Repetition of Oaths, rendering them common and familiar, 
and thereby corrupting the morals of the people and weakening the most 
sacred Bands of Society, and one of the best Securitys, both for public 
dutys and private property. 

Because such a Commission wou'd afford a dangerous pecedent and 
tend to renew, in this Commonwealth, one of the many abuses and arbi- 
trary practices of the late monarchical Government here, Yielding to the 
Secretary an unnecessary fee, and to the Governeur and Council an 
unjust and oppressive power of insulting or turning any man out of his 
office of a dvil magistrate, as prejudice, Malice, or Caprice might dictate, 
without a hearing, or without a cause of Complaint against him ; for the 
constituting and appointing the former acting Justices de novo^ necessa- 
rily implies the power of vacating the former Commissions ; that the Jus- 
tices derive their office entirely from the last, and, consequently, that by 
issuing a new Commission and misplacing any man in it, he wou'd lose 
his Rank, and might be degraded from the first to the last Justice in the 
County ; or by leaving out any Justice's name, he wou'd thenceforward* be 
deprived of his office, both of which, it is notorious, were frequentiy prac- 
ticed under the former Government. 

Because it is concived that the Exercise of such a power is altogether 
illegal, giving to the Executive Department of the State an undue and 
dangerous Influence over the Courts of Justice, directly contrary to the 
Declaration of Rights, and to the fundamental principles of our free Gov- 

And altho' this Court hath no cause to believe that the present Commis- 
sion was issued for any such evil purposes, yet we shou'd think we were de- 
ficient in the duty we owe to our Country and to posterity, if we suffered 
ourselves to become accessory to establishing a precedent evidently tend- 
ing to introduce them, and by renewing the oppressive maxims and prac- 
tices of the Government, from which we have so lately been rescued by 
force of arms, to Sap the foundations of that Liberty which has beeil pur- 
chased at the expense of so much Blood and Treasure. 

Ordered, that the Clerk of the Court transmit a Copy of this protest to 
the Executive. 


P. WAGENER, Crk C't 



1785. Col. John Calloway to Major John Ward, 

March 22d Enclosing his recommendation as sheriff by the Co. Court of Campbell ; 

Medow Hill and adding, '' Mr. Steptoe tells me that Temperate living is by no means 
best for you at this time, but that to make pretty free with the best of 
liquors will certainly be an advantage." He wants to borrow "20 dol- 
lars or less." 


New Kent CO Begging to be relieved from payment of duty on ten barrek of Rapp^ 
Rapp6e snuff snuff, which he had manufactured in Petersburg, Va., for the French army 
while in Virginia. They had suddenly left for Philadelphia, whither he 
had sent the snuff, but the French having embarked from that place, it 
was left in Store for a time, and reshipped to Virginia. For this he bad 
been charged one shilling pr. pound duty, under the misapprehension of 
the Collector that the snuff had been imported from abroad. 

March 26th CoL. JOSEPH Martin to the Governor of Virginia. 


Henry co I returned last evening from the Indian country, after taking a tour 

thro' the Valley and middle settlements ; also the different Cherokee towns 
bordering on South Carolina and Georgia. I find the Indians there very 
friendlv fr^^^^^Yf being well satisfied with the said States, as they have run a 
• Line, agreable to Treaty, and have effectually prevented the citizens firom 
encroaching on their Lands. What is called the Middle-Grounds, which 
lies between the Creeks and Cherokees, is settled by both Parties, There 
is great disorder amongst them, as Scott and McDonald Live amongst 
them, with a number of disorderly whites, who refuse to come in, and are 
daily urging the Indians to steal horses from the fi-ontiers of Virginia and 
North Carolina, which they send to the Floridais, &c. The people over 
Disaffection ^^^ mountains in North Carolina have declared themselves independant 
in N. Caroli- of that State ; have chose a Governor and Council of their own ; also 
franklin ^^^^ elected dellegates, and are now seting in General Assembly. They 
call their State Frankly n. I have enclosed Governor Martin's letter to 
me on that subject, by which your Excellency may form an Idea of what 
is Like to be done there. They intend to lay of a new county south of 
french Broad River, in the lands reserved by the State of North Carolina 
for the Indians, which county so laid of will include some of the towns 
the Indians are now in a Liveing. Capt. Cocke is choose a member of 
relegates Congress, who sets out about the tenth day of April, which, if they pro- 
chosen, ceed, will undoubtedly involve the States in war with the Indians. Hub- 
bard, that murdered Buder, is one of their delegates, that has provoked 


the Indians much, as they now despair of his being brought to Justice, 17^- 
and, as I suppose, have attempted to take satis&ction at the house of one Mardi 26th 
Cox, near the end of Clinch Mountain, where an attack was made the 
the loth Instant. The dammage done there was one horse kil'd. On the 
1 2th uIl one Hugh Logan and one Gibson, came into the neighborhood l"^i«" ^"*" 
of Long Island, who inform that on the 12th of February last they were 
taken prisoners by the Creek Indians, and were carried by them as (ar as 
the head of Mobeal. That they were black't and was to be burnt ; that 
They made their escapes one night ; that they travailed seven days with- 
out sustenance ; at last fell in with Some of the Chickamauga Indians, 
who Took Care of them and sent them to the old towns. They say 
one of the Indians that took them talks good English, who informed them 
that they had taken four scalps from Cumberland and a negro boy. That 
they had been trying to provoke the Virginians to fight them ever since 
he was a Litde boy, But that Virginians would not be angry^ with them. 
That they, this year, intended to watch the Kentucky Road, also to 
attack Cumberland settlements and Roast the S'd Prisoners Jackets, and 
Se if that would not provoke the Virginians. I also have enclosed a copy 
of a Letter from Ellis Harlin, who is just from Chiccamauga. On the 
the 17th Instant a party of Indians Came to the house of John Wallin, 
Killed and Scalpt his wife, about fifteen miles from my Station, and I fur- 
ther expect every hour to heare That the people there are all murdered. 
Colo. Campbell never sent the men out Agreeable to Governor Harrison's 
Orders. I laid in provisions for them Agreeable to my Instructions. 
* .* * * I intended down this Spring, in order to 

settle my accompts Generally. I could, by no means, Collect the Skins 
due the Publick, as I was forc'd to let part of the Goods out to Traders 
when I went to trade with the Chicasaws ; they have let them out on 
credit * ♦ * * They say the Spaniards, who 

have been all the winter at Chicamauga, have got Greatest Part of the 
Skins and Furr from the Indians. * * * * * j 

applyed to several Officers in Washington County, on my way out, for men. 
Agreeable to Governor Harrison's Order. They all say they have no au- 
thority. That Being the Case, I must assure Your Excellency that about 
three Years past I was appointed Lieuten't-Colo. in the Second Battalion 
of Washington Militia, under Colo. Smith, who has since remov'd to Cum- 
berland. I am now the Eldest officer in that County except Colo. Camp- 
bell and Edmonson. * * * j should Be glad my 
Commission could be forwarded to me in Case of Invasion, which daily 
threatens That quarter, &c. 


1785. Col, Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry. 


March 27th Since my last by Capt. Rhea, I am informed that two families was 

Washington Kiil'd and Captivated by the Indians the 24th instant, on that part of 

/^^ Clinch called new-Garden, which is nearly north of the Salt Works, and 

rages ' ^^ut 20 miles distant from thence. The families consisted of fifteen in 

number, and from appearances it is concluded the misceif was done by the 

Shawanesse. Since the murder of Mrs. Walling, which I mentioned in 

my last, a Mrs. Cox was Shot at by three Indians, but happily escaped. 

Dislike to * * * The Temper of the People, from the dislike they 

the raihtia j^^yg ^^ ^^ ^^^ milida Act and other meassures of government, is such 

that our defences may be very precarious in case of a general Indian war. 
Modves of humanity only now induce me to trouble your ExceUency,^not 
knowing who is intrusted with the charge of the County. 

I am sir, &c. 


Philadelphia He had been informed by Doctor Johnston that his " going over the 
Ohio River had been very unfairly represented" to his Excellency. He 
was glad to hear a more *' Candid representation of the matter" had been 
given, and that his Excellency's apprehensions, on account of his visit to 
the Indians, were allayed. He adds : '* I have traversed the Country on 
the N. W. Side of the Ohio, first as a forlorn captive, and since as a free- 
mait, but with the most upright views. Expecting the Lands there would 

His motives be sold Shortly, I was led to Explore the Country more minutely to spy 
^he^Ohio"^ out the choicest and best spots, hoping such knowledge, joined to my 
Skill in surveying (in which business I have had the honor to Serve Vir- 
ginia), might be of use to me at another day. In the meantime, instead 
of provoking, I Soothed the Savages by presents and otherwise," &c. 
* * * " Should your Excellency, or the State of Vir- 

ginia, at any dme have occasion for a man who has been often intrusted 
and ever faithful — who has the most perfect knowledge of the N. W. parts 
of the United States of perhaps any man in the States — ^be' pleased to 
know that such a man resides Sometimes in Philadelphia, where he will 
be happy to be honored with your Excellenc3r's Commands." 


As naval officer at the " Falb of Ohio," District of Kentucky, in place 
of John Campbell. 



H. Randolph 


. March 3rsl 
Transmits to the Governor a "State of the Debts due Foreign Creditors, Auditor^ 

&a, after deducdi^ 55^ pV c't on Mr. Pollock's Balance, to place him p^JJ^i 

op an equal footii^ with the other Creditors," &c. 



John Page to Gov. Henry. 

March 3tst 

Your Letter directed to me, Wamw Lewis. EsqV, and five other Rosewell 
Gend'm. dearii^ us to recommend Field officers for the militia of 
Gloucester, was received by me and transmitted without delay to the 
other Gent'm. a majority of whom, viz: M. Andersen, F. Willis, and 
PhiL Tabb, EsqV's, and myself met. After application to the County 
Lieut, S'r J. Peyton, for the Return of the militia Captains, which might 
enable us to determine whether it would be necessary to recommend Field 
Officers for one or two Battalions, but though reasonable Time was given 
for making such Returns, we have received so few that we can but guess 
at the number of militia, and as we are anxious to have the Assistance of 
Some valuable officers of the late army now returned Home and settled 
amongst us, we wish much to find that we may have two Battalions, 
which will make room for them all, &c. 

It appears from the Registers of Certificates issued by John Pierce, 

EsqV, Commissioner of Army Accounts, that the whole amount of Issues 

from the Commencement thereof to the 17th March, 1785, is Ten million 

Five hundred and fifty-nine Thousand, four hundred and twenty-eight 

Dollars and iiths ($io,559428.}tths.) 


War settle- 
ment for 

To this Mr. Pierce says n&y be added about two millions more, issued 
since the printed books. 

List of Whffe Persons, Number of Dwelling Houses, 

And other houses taken under '' an act entided an act to ascertain the 
qtiantity of Land, the Improvements thereon, and the number of People," 

White Persons 1,507 

Dwelling houses 209 

Other houses 121 

Harrison CO 




Anne county 

List of White Persons, Dwellings and other houses. 

White Persons 3f995 

Dwelliag Houses - 785 

Other houses 2,214 

April ist 

Thos. Meriwether to the Governor. 



The great deal of business in which I am engaged , as a Commis- 
sioner of Army Acco'ts and as Clerk to the Council, requires such 
r^^<s^ intense application that my health must be injured or the duties of those 
appointments n^lected. I therefore request of your Excellency permis- 
sion to resign, in the character of a Commissioner, and intreat the Honor- 
able Board to receive my grateful acknowledgements for the confidence 
they have been pleased to place in me. I further b^ that your Excel- 
lency will permit me to recommend Capt. Abner Crump as a person fully 
qualified to discharge the duties of a Commissioner. Capt Crump is an 
officer of acknowledged merit, and served from the commencement to 

the end of the late War. 

I am, &c. 

April 4th 


Certificate of Jas. Innes, 

In regard to the rank claimed by Major Alex. Dick. He, Innes, qualified 
as a member of the Board of War in July, 1779; resigned in March, 
1780. Major Dick having returned in 1779 " from his captivity in Eu- 
rope," applied to the Board for his rank, and exhibited his commission, 
signed by Gov. Jefferson. Capt. Abner Crump certifies to the validity of 
his claim also. 

April 7th 

Turner Southall and James Buchanan, 

Richmond Directors of Public Buildings, recommend to the Gov. and Council certain 
improvements of the Public Jail, " to prevent designing and wicked Peo- 
ple approaching the Prison walls, and thereby rendering it unsafe for the 
Keeper to go from his House to the Prison, either by day or night," &c. 

April 9th 

BoLLiNG Stark to Gov. Henry, 

Richmond Asking to be appointed Collector of Customs for the " Elizabeth-River 



James McGavock to Gov. Henry, 


In r^^ard to the Safety of the " Publick Lead " at the mines. He will April loth 
cheerfully do what may be further directed, except that he will " not, by 
any means, concern with it if it is to remain where it is.'* 

Chas. Cist, in Reply to the Clerk of the Gen'l Assembly of April nth 


Giving estimates of cost of printing the Continental military Regulations, Philadelphia 
adopted by Virginia as the rule of Discipline for the militia of that State. 

John Reveley to the Executive, 

April nth 

Praying for relief from his embarrassments as Superintendent of the Public Buckingham 
Furnace. He had not been able to ** blow," it since the war, for " Sundry Furnace 
reasons," and the death of his partner, John Ballendine, had added to his Buckingham 
troubles. He particularly desires to call attention to the inequality of the Furnace 
Land Tax, every acre belonging to the Furnace being taxed at the rate of Land tax 
20 shill's p'r hundred, " whilst Land of equal Quality adjoining does not 
exceed 2S. 6d." 

John Page to Gov. Henry. 

April 1 2th 


Having been deputed by the Parish of Abingdon to attend the Depu- Rosewell 
tation of the Protestant Episcopalians at Richmond in May, and being 
peculiarly circumstanced with Respect to my Family and private affairs, 
I must beg your Excellency and the Board will be pleased to appoint 
Some Person in my Stead to act as Commissioner on the Part of Vir- 
ginia to see the western Boundary of Pennsylvania run out, &c. * * 

M. Smith to Gov. Henry, 
Resignii^ his position as member of the Council. 

April 15th 



1785. *Thomas Jefferson to the Governor of Virginia. 

April 15th I had the honor of informing your Excellency, in my letter of Feb. 

Paris 3, that I had received and presented Mr. Alexander's bill on Laval & 
Wilfelsheim ; that they had refused to pay it ; that I had had it protested, 
but on their saying they would then accept, I had sent it to them again, 
but received no answer, when I was obliged to send off my letter. They 
returned it to me accepted, paiable in London, a trick by which you would 
have lost about 8 per cent., the exchange between this place and London 
being now and having been a long time that much to the disadvantage 
of this country. They had written this so illegibly, and so hid the words 
" & Londres ** in a corner of the note, that it escaped me, as it did even 
Mr. Grand, through whom the note was returned to me ; and this was 
never discovered till the day came when they should have paid it. They 
then insisted the demand should be made in London. After a course of 
chicanery, the detail of which would be tedious and only shew their ras- 
cality, they have agreed to pay in Paris the 19th instant. * I sent to them 
yesterday to inform them I was to write this day on the subject of the 
bill, and to know whether I might rely that there would be no further dif- 
ficulties. They said I might ; yet, have they so totally destroyed my 
confidence in them that I am far from being satisfied on this subject I 
had not meant to have required actual paiment till Mons. Houdon should 
be setting out to America ; but as I find them to be men who might fail 
me in the instant when it should be wanted, I shall draw the money out 
of their hands as soon as I can and lodge it with Mr. Grand. I must at 
the same time inform you that nothing more is setded yet with Mons. 
Houdon. He was taken ill immediately after the writing my TtV to your 
Excellency, and has been a considerable part of the time in a situation 
quite despaired of. He is now out of danger, but not well enough to 
think of business. The picture of Genl. Washington is come safely to 


I have the honour to be with due respect, 

Your Excellency's most obed't. 

and most humble serv*t. 

April i6th His Excellency, Alexander Martin, Esquire, Governor, Cap- 


North^Caro- j^^^^^^ Carolina. 

To cUl wham these presents may come, or in any wise concern^ greeHtig : 
Certificate of 
Colonel^ These are to certify that Col. Joseph Martin hath been appointed Agent 

efficiency ^^ ^^ Cherokee nation of Indians by this State for some years past, the 


* Autograph letter. 



duties of which appointment he hath discharged faithfully to the satisfac- 1785. 
tion of the General Assembly and the Executive of this State ; and hath April i6th 
also conducted himself among those Indians in such a manner as to gain 
their general esteem and good will. He appears to be a gentleman well 
versed in Indian afiairs, and discovers great capacity in the management 
of them. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Danbury, the sixteenth 
Day of April, Anno Domini 1785. 

By His Excellency's Command, 

P. Henderson, P. Sec'y. 

Jos. Martin to Gov. P. Henry. 

April 17th 

Having enclosed a certificate of his services from Gov. Martin of North Smith's river 
Carolina, he trusts his Excellency will also grant him one, and that the two 
be forwarded to Congress with the offer of his services as Indian Commis- 
moner for the entire Southern Department. He thinks this would " baffle 
Capt Cocke and his nephew, Ellis, and render singular service to this 
State." * * * * * * He adds: 

** Gov. Martin Tells me he is well informed that the Greatest part of the 
Cherokee and Creek Indians are for warr, occasioned by the State of 
Franklyn passing an Act to Extend their Boundery within Twenty of 
Chota without Holding any Treaty with them. He also informs me that 
he has Declined holding any Treaty with the Indians, as the people over 
the mo.untains has separated themselves from North Carolina.'' 

State of 

M. Otter Announces to Gov. Henry 

April 22d 

His appointment as French Consul, and requests the fact be made public Williams- 
as soon as practicable. ""^^ 

Andrew Ellicott to Gov. Henry, 

April 22d 

Requesting an advance of one hundred Pounds for the purchase of Instru- Baltimore 
ments and for other expenses incident to ** experiments in the western 
Country this ensuing Season." 

Maria Digges to Gov. Henry, April 23d 

Arising for an appointment in the Civil Department for her brother, williams- 
Capt Edward Digges. He had raised " five quota of men for His Coun- burg 
^ ' in the late war, and " will be happy to do all in his Power now and 



1785. Col. Wm. Davies to Gov. Henry. 


April 23d Sometime ago the Committee of this county, unsolicited by me, did 

Blandford me the honor to recommend me to your Excellency, as a proper person 
Made for the post of County -Lieutenant — a post of no moment to myself and 
lieutenant ^^^ which I would not expose myself to the murmer of a Smgle individual. 
&c Should there be known to your Excellency any person in the County dis- 
satisfied with the recommendation, I would beg leave to decline the 
appointment; if I had heard of any discontent myself, I would now sig- 
nify my positive refusal ; but until I do, I shall hold mjrself ready to obey 
the voice of my Country. 

The Continental officers residing in the County of Brunswic, who are 
dissatisfied with the recommendations, excepting that for the County 
Rank in the Lieutenant, request me to state their rank to your Excellency. John 
tain officers Stith, who is on the recommendation for Major, was a Captain of an old 
standing and considerable reputation in the army. David Walker, who 
served from nearly the beginning to the end of the war, rose to the rank 
of Captain, and to my own knowledge was a steady, regular, diligent of- 
ficer. Nathaniel Lucas was in the army until, against his wishes, he was 
declared a supernumerary, and Binns Jones, who had been a lieutenant, 
was broke by sentence of a Court Martial, tho' I do not recollect for 
what. * * I was not readily persuaded to give your Excellency this 
trouble, but upon a suggestion that the station I held in the Army and the 
office I executed in the State put it more particularly in my power to 'cer- 
tify upon the subject, I was at length prevailed upon to State to your 
Excellency what I knew respecting it. 

Your Excellency must permit me to embrace this occasion of offering 
my congratulations on the repeated proofs you receive of the established 
confidence of your country, and on your reappointment to the highest 
office in the State. I beg leave to assure you of the great respect and 
esteem with which I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most ob*t and humble Servant, &c., &c. 


April 24th Austin Brockenbrough to Gov. Henry. 


By the act of Sequestration my Estate was put under the manage- 
ment of Messrs. Moore and Newman Brockenbrough and Mr. John Faun- 
deroy, as Commissioners. They have failed, as they themselves acknowl- 
edge, to return the Inventories and accounts required by that law. As I 
am now entided to restitution of that Estate, I beg leave to trouble the Ex- 
ecutive with making an order, that I may be permitted to call those 
Commissioners to account, &c. 


Arthur Cajcpbelj. to Gov. Henry, 17SS. 

Itdbrmiiig him of the murder of " Monsieur C Bron" by Wm. Baker and April 99th 

Peter Tafie, mhatwtants of Hampshire County. They had locked with Washington 

him, and discovered he had money. Baker was at larf^ at Jackson's ^^'^^'^^ 
Rhrer, hot Tafie had been seamed. 

Bond of Willjam Ronald, Edward Carrington and Benj. April 


To the amoont of twenty thousand Pounds, lawful money of Virginia, 
given as OMnmisaoners for die Sale of public Lands and other purposes. 
Appointed by the Elxecutive under Act of Assembly, &c 

Capt. Jno. Peyton to Col. Thos, Meriwether, M*y 2nd 

That in obedience to Orders of the Executive he had conditionally en- Point 
gaged an additional number of Armourers, who had agreed to '* break up ^. "^ 
their private shops ** and work for the State at *' one hundred pounds p*r 
annum and fifty pV man for their Journeymen.'* He desires instructions 
on the subject 

Price of 

Account of Rich'd Adams May and 

Against the State of Virginia for rent of his dwelling-house for the use 
of Wm. Rose, Keeper of the Public Jails ; also for value of his Lumber 
House, burned by the enemy under GenU Arnold, July 6th, 1781 — to be 
paid in Tobacco. 

J. Ambler to the Governor. May and 

Having been directed to invest ten thousand pounds in Bills of Ex- Treasury 

change for the purchase of arms for the State, on this account he was 
compdled to cease paying interest due on military certificates, and desires 
fiirther instructions on this Subject. 


Petition of Inhabitants to the Executive May 4th 

. r • 1. Mecklen- 

For the pardon of Wm. Delafield, condemned to death for horse-stealmg. burg county 


1785. Thomas Cave Minor's Petition 

May 4th To be relieved of fine of four hundred pounds of Tobacco for non- 
Richmond appearance as a Jury-man at a term of the Gen'l Court. He makes oath 
Fine of that he was on horse-back, sixty miles above Richmond, near Mr. Dabney 
Miller's Tavern, on a journey, when summoned by the Sheriff, Mr. Wil- 
liamson, &c. 


Richmond I rec'd your Excellency's letter last week, which enclosed me a Com- 

Mr. Taze- mission to succeed Mr. Dandridge on the Bench of the General Court 
appointed The delay which hath happened in acknowledging the Receipt of this 
judge Letter will, I hope, be excused by your Excellency, when I assure you it 
proceeded from no other cause than the necessity which pressed me to 
make some arrangements with respect to my unfinished Law Business 
before I determined to accept the Commission. This being effected, I 
have now resolved to accept and qualify under the Commission. But I 
cannot do it without returning your Excellency and the Council my 
thanks for this mark of distinction, which is the more acceptable as it was 
unsolicited, nor without expressing to you. Sir, my warmest acknowledge- 
ments for the polite manner in which you were pleased to communicate 
the appointment to me. 

I have the Honor to be, with every Sentiment of Esteem and regard, 

Your Excellency's most ob't serv't 


Richmond Accounting for certain negro slaves belonging to the State, and employed 
at the Lead Mines, said to have been improperly detained by him. 


Hampton Acknowledging receipt of Two hundred and twenty pounds for pay- 
Schooner ing off the crew of the State Boat Patriot, which had been done. He had 
Patriot jjgQ detected the Captain of a Brig making a false entry of H'h'ds of 
Rum, cases of Gin, and some cordage, and had required the usual for- 
feiture and fine. 


Edmund Randolph, Atty.-General, in Reply to the Governor, 1785. 

Giving his opinion " that the Executive cannot give a direction to the May 8th 

Sherifi^ to arrest foreigners at the instance of their Consuls without a par- Richmond 
ticular application in every case. For the Act enjoins the Executive to Sheriffs may 

use their discretion " where he (Jhe Consul) shall require aid for execut- foreigners, 

ing the same I' — nor does the law of nations seem to justify such a pro- ^^ 

Thos. Jefferson to Gov. of Virginia. May 12th 


I have the honor to inform you that at length Messrs. Laval & Wilfel- Paris 
sheim have paid the Bill of Exchange remitted. It will enable me to fur- 
nish Mons. Houdon for his voiage to Virginia, when he shall be suffi- Houdon 
dently re^tablished in his health to undertake it. Dr. Franklin pro- 
posing to return either the next month, or the month following, I think it 
probable that Houdon will accompany him. 

I have the honor to be, with due respect, 
Your Excellency's 

Most obed*t and most humble serv't, &c., &c. 

Edmund Randolph to the Governor, in Reply, May 12th 

Giving his opinion in regard to the appointment of Sheriffs, says : " At 
first I conceived that under the authority of a case in Strange's reports, the How sheriffs 
recommendation of sheriffs might be made in other months than those *^ *? J^ 
specified by law, no words occurring therein exclusive of a power to re- 
commend in other months. But upon a comparison of the several laws 
with each other, and after observing their tenor, I am satisfied that the 
Legislature have never intended to sanctify a recommendation but in the 
months particularly named." 

Robt. Mitchell, Mayor, in Reply to the Governor. May 13th 

He had laid before the Common Hall his letter in regard to the four men City of 
in jail under sentence of death. He has the honor of informing his Excel- 
lency that the ' Hall " will receive them on the same terms as those now 
at work on the streets of the city. 



May 14th 

Jas. Barron to Gov. Henry, 

ThTSoat Informing him that Capt. James, of the " Liberty." had detected a Brig 
Liberty smuggling Rum, Molasses and Coffee, &c. 

May i6th 

CoL. Thos. Meriwether 

Certifies to the correctness of Capt. John Peyton's quarterly Returns from 

May 17th 


Thos. Mathews to Gov. Henry, 

Making appplication to be appointed '' Collector of the Continental im- 
ports " at that place, says : " The part I took in favor of my country 
during the late revolution not only exposed my Family and property to 
the enemy, but to the rancour of such of my countrymen as differed from 
me in Sentiment The frequent invasions of this part of the State gave 
them opportunity to gratify their desires, and they never ^ed to make 
me the object of their rapine and Cruelty," &c. 


Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry, 

Washington Giving list of nominations for the County militia and reasons therefor, 
county ^ these officers had served with distinction in the late war. Refers to a 
petition against the late militia Act, and adds : ''Your Excellency's rea- 
sons for executing the laws, without determining which is good or bad, 
A hit at the must be highly Satisfactory, especially at it affords a good argument that 
Legislature another branch of government ought to conform all its Ac^ to certain 
principles, as defined in the original Compact. For should a delegated 
authority at any time become so weak or corrupt as to assume over the 
Constitution an arbitrary or dispensing power, then the laws would truly be 
incompatible with the Sovereignty of the People, whose rights and fran- 
chises they ought to maintain.*' 

We learn that the Edict respecting religion and all^;iance to Spain, 
lately published at the Natchez, is likely to force away the protestant In- 
habitants, many of whom are preparing to remove to new Settlements on 
the Waters of the Ohio. 

He expresses great alarm at a report of the Crossing of a large body 
of Indians over the Ohio, near the mouth of Sandy river, but thinks Col. 
Crockett will ftilly investigate the matter. The news had thrown the 
frontier settlements into great consternation, and he dreads the fate of 
persons "on the road through the wildemes.*' 


Fear of In- 


Chas. Cist to A. Blair, Esq. 1785. 

Informing him he had made every preparation to print the three thousand May 24th 
copies of the Continental military R^ulations as requested. Philadelphia 

Walter Crockett to Gov. Henry. May 26th 


I think it necessary to inform Your Excellence of the Circumstance Mont- 

that this County Stands in at present. The Indians Killed one man on S^omery co 

the Head of the north fork of Holstains River, the sixt of Aprile last, and 

wounded a man ten Days after, on the head of Clinch, with arrows. These 

unhappy affairs threw the inhabitance alone the fronters of this County ^ ..^ - 
.r-oL ye ** f-Lt. . Condition of 

mto great confusion, &c. :^ ^ n^ There has not one the frontier 

year passed since the year '74, but the Indians has done more or less Indians 

damage in this County, which covers near to Eighty miles of frontier of 

this State I ordered the Captains and other Officers that lived in the 

Safest part of this County, to draught their Companies According to 

thire Divisions, and send men out to their Aid and Assistance. The 

Officers did so, but the men Refused to obay, Saying the Gen'l Assembly 

had brok' all the officers in the State, there was know others appointed, 

and of Corce none had a wright to Command them. He urges the great 

want of ammunition, and those who had a store of provisions would '* not 

trust the State, as they expect to be paid with Auditour's certificates,' ' 

Should the war continue, impressment would have to be resorted to get 

supplies for the troops. 

Spencer Roane, Esq., June 2nd 

Elected member of the Privy Council of Virginia on the 19th Nov., 1784, Richmond 
but did not take the oath of office until this date. Sworn by W. Foushee, ^'^V 
Alderman of Richmond. 

CoL. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry, June 3d 

Giving explanation of the action of the court in the recommendations Washin^^on 
made for militia officers of that County. Jos. Martin had been appointed county 
Lieut-Colo, under the power given to the Executive by the Constitution, 
to supply vacancies during active service. Since that he became a citi- 
zen of No. Carolina, resided in that State, and served there in different 
offices — no duty having been done by him in this for years, and lately, at 
his own solicitation, was chosen one of the Privy Council for the State of state of 
Frankland (as it is call'd). ♦ * * ♦ Frankland 

The threatened Indian war had decided the Court to retain the best offi- 



1785- cers, viz: Lewis, Dysart, Craig and Fulkinson, also Tate, an old officer of 
June 3d Augusta, the best disciplinarian in the county, and on account of his ser- 
vices in the Regular Army, and Michael Montgomery, another old army 

The other murderer of Major Le Bnin had been arrested. A party of 
Indians discovered last night wiybin ten miles of that place. 

June 3d Capt. John Peyton to Col. Thos. Meriwether, 

Point of In regard to the negro slaves owned by the State and employed at the 
Lead mines, but claimed by certain individuls. &c 

June 6th MiLES Selden, Esq., 

City of Chosen member of the Privy Council, qualifies by taking the oath of Fi- 
Richmond delity before Robert Boyd. 


Sir : 


Goodwood, Since my last the Indians chased a son of Mr. Firley's, on Clinch, 
in Washing- j^^j j^^ [jjj^ until within sight of his Father's House. The Scouts has 
discovered signs of several parties of Indians down Sandy river. The 
alarm near the Salt- Works a few days ago is over. * ♦ ♦ ^^ 
hear from Kentucky that several boats has been fired at and some damage 
done between Kentucky and the Kanawha. Some say the Shawanesse 
are about to move off to some distant part, being highly incensed at their 
treatment at the late Treaty at Fort Mcintosh.'' He expresses apprehea* 
sions of continued trouble with the Indians during the entire summer, 
and urges the importance of arranging the militia under the officers re- 
commended on Gov. Harrison's time, who had not yet been commis- 
sioned. ♦ * * ♦ ♦ Adds : ** A manifesto has lately 
appeared in the new District under the hand and Seal of Governor 
Martin. It is very long, or I would now send a Copy. I observe a re* 
F kl H fl^^^^'^ ^ ^^^^ ^^ Virginia, that they have ceded nothing but some very 
ers to share distant and disputed territory, and an oiler made to the Franklanders to 
territory open a negociation with the Eastern portion of the State and agree to a 
authority participation of the back lands without the interference of Congress, and 
of Congress he makes no doubt but a liberal compact may be formed and their sepa- 
ration recognized constitutionally. I am not yet informed how the West- 
Governor cm Inhabitants means to answer it, only I am told Governor Sevier has 

Sevier's issued a counter proclamation : is now treating with the Cherokees 
action . . . . 

with a view to an incorporation. * ♦ * ♦ ♦ j^ j,jy 

next I purpose to inform your Excellency of the temper and how the 
people in this County seems affected towards those in the new District ; 
also foward Copies of Some of their proceedings in Committee," &c. 

Cj;.:-rvT>Ai: >: s'"-**"? ^f^>X"v xs 

nKRtcir am: it t^-^t^ tbc r^rwv^ ^***f-n^^N^v ^\ ^^ tS N^i^AV ^n- tV 

wiE be emn)c«i>M u- lnv olt* the lols. l\*«>?vs >t>v I^Nxv^S-^t^A \ \Vn>n^^«\K 
also in rc^rard to ihc ' Caiwil biisimxs' *v h^^ is tm:^\;nr^^nhM >^^1^ >Nh.M 
dnnr is expected irom the CommwsHVKH> *^|'^SMi>ttNi Km tH:\i ^^«ii*^v^'^' 

Benjamin HAiR*KiK:is Anorfw PrrKKN^. \m\ hw M\m\N, \\>MMv» h\\N\^»»^u 


The Commissioners sq>|>t>int^l by thi* Ui^i<th< }Km^^ \\\ \ Nnihh^»'M \\^^^\\\ \ \\\y\\\-^\\\\\\, 
Wed to treat with the ChcrokfHW uml a\\ xs{\m \\\\\\m^ ^\s\\\\\y<A\\\ \s\ \\m\\ *^'*^^^||||.{^'** 
within the limits of the Unitfnl SutiMi, mi* hHiniHml, |M»»vlhh«< \\\ \\\^\\ 
holding any treaty, to ^We due notloo «tl the \\\\\t* hhiI plrtri* wlu*u* It N U\ 
beheld to the supreme Kxecutiv(> of yiMit Mthlf, In miiIh \\\\\\ )h»*V tliiiv 
appoint one or more pcmonii to ullpml iIuHmh \\\t* tr^rtfy II llt^V llilllk 

In consequence thereof we httvi> lh«* honor fo lotono yottf V.^i^^Wh^^ 
that the Q>mmifliiionerN have ftgri^Hl Iff hol^l n hNilf ¥f\lU mII flf»< ' M"'k»i 
on the third Monday in Httfriemim itt»nl mI ihii , off Mff' ' ^^f ' lf^f<. 

ia the Scale of ^^/f|(ia, an^l with Mi*» rh^f/ik**'^! nut\ ( ffl^lff*•t.f .vi wt- ¥hh 
oad Mooday in f>curf>er ft$ m mnt wit^ff htf ffiff^fiffh ttfnfitl ^iti fh* 
Keomae, m ihe ikale erf 5k/fifh C.^fhWhn. 

Tbey m%e the im^^^rune-A ^A pff/*/'t^hft$i fh^ ff^^^^t/ l^itith ffHh ^^fiu ii 

'' die >sKe ^ "h^, r>r'?M#vrt «vf ^\^ *»<J*ty ^/ • V (f^m»'f^ '^fUf^^Mi '' 
^!a«i nrv irtujrsti Hi# tyf^^\^n^*f ^h^ -h^ ''r^^^W '-/•/I '^^'*^A •>.^V 


1785. Proclamation of Gov. Henry, 

June loth Removing the suspension of the operation of the Act of Assembly " for 
Washington disciplining and regulating the militia and guarding against invasion and 
county insurrection," so far as applies to Washington County and the Inhabitants 

To the Freemen of Washington County : 

Your Deputies, after mature Consideration, have agreed to address you 
on a subject of your Public affairs, well knowing that there is only wanting 
an exact and Candid examination into the facts to know whether You have 
been well served or abused by Your representatives, whither Government 
has been wisely administered, and wither your rights and Liberties are 
secure. As members of Civil Society, you will acknowledge that there 
are duties of importance and lasting obligations which must take place 
before individual conveniences or private interest, but it must be granted 
that in free Communities the Laws are only obligatory when made conso- 
nant to the Constitution or original Compact ; for it is the only means of 
the surrender then made« the power therein given, that the Right ariseth 
to Legislate at all. Hence it is evident that the power of L^islators is in 
nature of trust to form regulations for the Good of the whole, agreeable 
to the powers deligated and the Deposite put into the General Stock, and 
the end proposed is to obtain the greatest Degree of happiness and safety, 
not for the few, but for the many. To attain these ends, and these only, 
men are induced to give up a portion of their natural Liberty and pro- 
perty when they Enter into Society. From this it is plain rulers may ex- 
ceed their Trust, may invade the remaining portion of natural liberty and 
property, which would be an usurpation, a breach of a solen^n obligation, 
and ultimately a conspiracy against the majesty of the People, the only 
treason that can be committed in a commonwealth. A much admired 
Writer on the side of Liberty, begins his work with the following remark- 
able sentence, which we Transcribe for Your information, and intreate 
you to read and Ponder it well : " In every Human Society there is an 
effort continually tending to confer on one part the hight of power and 
Happiness, and reduce the other to Extreme of weakness and misery. 
The intent of good laws is to oppose these Efforts, and to defuse their 
influence universally and equaly. But men generally abandon the care of 
their most important concerns to the uncertain Prudence and Discretion 
of those whose Interest it is to reject the best and wisest Instructions, and 
it is not till they have been led into a thousand mistakes in matters the 
most essential to their Lives and Liberties, and are weary of Suffering, 
that they can be induced to apply a remedy to the evils with which they 
are oppressed. It is then they begin to conceive and acknowledge the 
most Palpable Truths, which, from their very Simplicity, commonly escape 
Vulgar minds, Incapable of analysing objects, accustomed to receive 


impressions without Discretion, and to be determined rather by opinions 1785- 
of others than by the result of their own Examination." June loth 

A few plain Questions you may Honesdy put to your selves, when in 
retirement, or when your heads are reclined on your pillows : For what 
end hath the Almighty wrought out such a wonderfuU revolution in the 
af&irs of Men as that of the Independence of America? What part 
ought I to act through the remainder part of my life, so as to be most 
pleasing to my Creator and the most useful to Society ? Whether is my 
head and Heart so enlightened and in such a frame as to Attend to and 
receive the Truths, whether it comes from a person I dislike or not ? Are 
not the duty we owe the Succeeding Generation eaqual to that I owe the 
present? Several mediums of Knowledge are open to all diligent in- 
quirers. The productions of the Printing press, Literly Schools, and the 
meetings oi the people to Debate on public measures. The Inhabitance 
of this County have as hitherto been peculiarly circumstanced. They 
became possessors of a Wilderness at a perilous Era ; the Greatest i>art 
of their time since have been necessarily employed merely to provide 
subsistance, Coarse clothing and cheap Dwellings, to defend their familys 
from the Inclemency of the weather ; no time or money to spare to build 
Eligant and Covenient houses, to erect su table places for public Worship, 
to found Seminaries for Classical Learning, to promote the Education of 
Youth, that most indispensable of all obligations to Children. It's also a 
prior duty to any you owe the Estate to provide food and raiment for 
Your families. Plain, fair and coarse clothing you might be content with 
if it was necessary to part with all supperfluities to answer the real 
Exigencies of the State; and did you See your fellows in more- 
^vourable Situation pursuing the same course, and also could you 
be persuaded that a Judicious Economy pervades all the disburse- 
ments of all the public money, then, and not till then, ought you 
freely to part with the produce of 'Your Industry at the call of 
rulers. It may be alledged by your enemies that you do not mean to 
contribute anything to alleviate the burthens of the nation and support 
government. This charge will vanish on a fair enquiry into the various 
schemes of Finance and the Present State of the Public funds. 

The following Estimate of Taxes, and what has operated as Taxes in 
the Western country, will prove that you have contributed something — 
probably your full share. 

Treasury and preemption warrants /^ 16,000,000 

Taxes collected in the years 1778, i779-'8o, 1782 180,000 

Bills lost, sunk or funded, Paper money 5,000,000 


Cash paid Com missioners in hard money reduced 1 0,000 

Composition money sent with the plots 70,000 

One-sixth of the surveyor's fees 5,000 


1785. Registers' fees prior to 1784 £3f^ocx} 

Juneioth " " " 1784 3,000 

" 1785 10,000 

Additional Tax of 5s. pr. 100 on Land 25,000 

Duty on salt will cost the Western consumption 6s. pr. 

bushel 1,500 

Duties on imports on foreign goods and enumerated articles, 2,500 

Loyal Company's daim in W. & M. Countys 8,000 

Taxes on , &c., may produce annually. 2,000 

Assessment subsequent to 1781, an enormous sum, that is 

impracticable, if not unjust, to collect 172,000 


Should the Legislatur abolish assessment, and the above not be sufficient, 
you might endure Taxing a few Luxurous Articles and Some vices, that 
would increase the sum and make it Equal to your Just proportion of Ex- 

If your Eastern neighbours were generous they would make some al- 
lowance for the great losses sustained by the Depredations of the Indians, 
and for the many valuable lives lost to Keep them safe. The appropria- 
tion of your public money ought also to be a subject of serious enquiry. 
For, if at any time, should it be applied to the purposes Vainality and 
Corruption, you would then be feeeding your destroyers, and enable them 
to make further invasions on your remaining rights and liberties, untill 
you would have nothing left worth Contending for, and you and your 
posterity would be obliged to stoop to an abject Vaassallge. 

9^ All is not lost yet. Therefore beware in future of the Objection of 
either weak or interested Men, who would persuade you to a passive con- 
duct under all the Measures of Government. Your rulers, as well as 
those of other nations, are only falable men. When they act well, honour 
and applaud ; when wickedly, impeach and punish them. Disregard their 
impotent threats and ridiculous falacies, and let them know that the Little 
selfish cry of an Individual is not to be heard when the loud sounds of the 
people's are publishing their wrongs. 

Signed by order. 

A copy. 

This document is thus endorsed by the Governor. 

Memo. — James Montgomery put this paper into my hands and can 
prove its authenticity, and that Arthur Campbell personally explained, 
enforced, and inculcated its Contents on the people, parti'arly the state 
of Taxes p'd by that County. 

P. H. 



William Robison to Gov. Henry, 


Informing him that on the 6th instant a pair of saddle-bags were found in June nth 
Ginch River, which had belonged to Major Le Brun, supposed to have Washington 
been drowned on the 20th January previous. The clothing and papers 
had been identified. 

Col. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry. 

June 15th 



In my last I acquainted your Excellency that Wm. Baker, the other Washington 

person charged with the murder of Major le Brun, was lodged in the jail of *^"" ^ 
this County. About a week afterward the saddle-bags were found by one j-^^ murder 
Duncan, about two miles below the Ford where the Major was lost, lodged of Major Le 
among some drift-wood, on the point of an Island. There was found in 
them near five hundred pounds in gold, some Bonds, and several Bills 
of Exchange, together with many letters and other papers, with some 
doaths. This circumstance is adduced by the friends of the Criminals as 
proof of their innocence, although with many others there still remains 
strong suspicions that either the saddle-bags was lost in the scufHe, that 
was supposed to take place when Baker and Taffe attacked the Major in 
the river, or that the Bags was put into the river by a third person, an ac- 
complice, after the condemnation of Taflfe. The matter is not yet clear, 
for which reason I now humbly address your Excellency, that if Peter 
TafTe has been found guilty in the General Court his Execution may be 
postponed until it may be known what time and the tryal of Baker may 

The authority in the new District has concluded their treaty with the 
Cherokees. My informer Says the negotiation was of a neighbourly and 
friendly kind, the purchase of lands being avoided, in consequence of some 
Letters rec*d from Governor Caswell, who is still highly respected by the 
western leaders. I find also, from information by another hand, that a 
majority of the Inhabitants disapproved the scheme of assumeing power 
without first applying to Congress., and that he thinks the new authority 
will shordy be dissolved and the business carried on similar to the plan 
adopted in Kentucky. 

By a gendeman late from Kentucky, I am told that a large party of 
Indians was discovered on this side the Ohio, and that Col. Benjamin Lo- 
gan had set out with several hundred men to attack them. No mischief 
bas been done in this county since my last ; what ranging has been done 
I have prevailed on Volunteers to do it, only I was under the necessity to 
wder six trusty Woodsmen to act as Scouts towards the Ohio ; they are 
not returned ; as soon as their report comes to hand, if interesting, I will 
transmit it to the Executive. ***** 

I am, sir, your most Obedient Servant, &c., &c. 

P. S. — I lately had the pleasure of seeing Col. Christian. His family 

The new 



1785. was well ; and he told me the greatest part of his negroes and other prop- 
June 15th erty had safely reached Kentucky. He purposes to set out with his wife 
and children in August, he being now stopt in a plentiful neighborhood, 
at the mouth of ye N. Fork of Holstien 

Juneaist Edmund RANDOLPH, Att*y-General, TO Gov. Henry IN Reply. 

Dear Sir : 

The present is the first moment which I have enjoyed, of suffi- 
cient liesure, to answer your Excellency's several favors. * * 
I understand from Mr. George Fleming that the Slave, Judy, was in- 
Slaves tended as a Servant for young Vaston, who has arrived at Norfolk, on 
brought his way to the Springs; that they came in Separate vessels, and that she 
State to %e brought her daughter with her, a child of about six years of age. * The 
free unless Act of Emancipation excepts the case of " travellers and others, making 
in transitu ^ i^gjent stay in this Commonwealth, bringing slaves with them for 
necessary attendance, and carrying them out again." The question, then, 
is on a mere matter of fact, whether she be a necessary attendant ? On 
this your Excellency can decide with at least as much propriety as my- 
self; but I confess I am not satisfied from anything which has appeared 
that she was destined to wait on Mr. Vaston* s Son ; for, otherwise, she 
would scarce have come in a distinct vessel, or have brought such an 
incumbrance as her daughter. I must therefore, until fuller proof can 
be adduced, declare my opinion to be, that she ought to receive the pro- 
tection of magistracy. 
The Gosport Commissioners are, in my apprehension, to be allowed 
tionofOos- ^wo per centum on the amount of the Sales, for their individual Services, 
port com- They are directed to give Bond for the true and faithful discharge of 
missioners ^j^^.^ duty, for which " Services" the compensation is made. For what 
services? Those included in their duty. What is their duty? This I 
will not define affirmatively, but I will say negatively that it does not 
oblige them to be surveyors, cryers, or any of those servile officers 
which the prosecution of this business may call into action. It would 
Seem strange to Subject men of Character to some of those disgraceful 
employments, &c. ******* 
Mrs. Nicholas, and the rest of the females in the family, will wait upon 
you with pleasure at dinner to-morrow. I am afraid, however, that a 
journey, which I must begin towards Petersburg to-morrow, on business, 
will deprive me of indulging myself with accepting your invitadon. 
I am, dear Sir, with the Sincerest regard and esteem, 

Y*r Excellency's mo. ob. Serv't, &c., &c. 

* Act of 1779. See Hening*s Statutes at Large. 


Andrew Dunscomb to Mr. Blair in Reply. 1785. 

He does not feel authorized to adjust the claims or accounts of any June 23d 
officer for furnishing supplies in the late war, unless he had been em- 
powered to do so by a Continental Officer. 

Gov. Patrick Henry to the County Lieut, and Commanding June 23d 

Officer of Greenbrier Co. 

From the present Situation of Indian affairs, it is probable that In council 
hostilitys may commence from the Western Tribes. I do therefore desire 
that you will be careful and diligent in preparing your militia for an effec- 
tual defence. In particular, I desire you to exert your utmost in Seeing Measures for 
that the arms of your people are kept in Constant readiness, and that the frontier 
proper supplies of powder and ball are. in the hands of the people. If 
the necessary ammunition Cannot be had in your County, and the time 
will not permit an application to me, you are to apply to Mr. James Mc- 
Gavoc, near Fort Chis well, for any quantity of Lead, not exceeding 1,000 
lbs., and to Capt Peyton, at the Point of Fork, for any quantity of Pow- 
der, not exceeding 500 lbs. One-half of this ammunition is to be by 
you Sold to persons whose situation is most exposed, and the other half 
you are to keep, to be put into the hands of the Militia, when you draw 
them out into actual Service. In the mean time I desire you to report to 
me the State of your Arms and Ammunition, that I may discover what 
prospect of Safety your people have in case of War with the Savages. 

I am. Sir, 

Your most obed. Servant, &c., &c. 

J. Ambler, Treasurer, to the Governor, in Reply. jun^ 25th 

He had in vain made efforts to negociate a draft on France or Eng- ^^^^ 

land, and should he succeed " the Excha. will be high, perhaps 42 J^ p. High rate oi 
Q^^ M exchange 

Messrs. Ro. Brooke and James Tutt to Gov. Henry, juiy ist 

Enclosing account against the State for building a Magazine and Gun Fredericks- 
Factory, by contract with Col. Feilding Lewis, in November, 1776. "^^^ 




Col. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry. 



July 5th By some gentlemen from Kentucky I am informed that in the 

Washington night of the 29th June last, Mr. Archibald Scott (who lived on the road 
county leading to Kentucky, in Powell's valley) and all his children, four in num- 
Murders by ber, together with another young man, was murdered by the Indians, and 
his wife supposed to be taken prisoner. By the same gendeman I am told 
that Colo. Logan has returned from the excursion he made after the In- 
dians, they being gone from the camps discovered, and that the numbers 
reported by the scouts was greatly exaggerated. 

It is unfortunate for us that our militia are so deranged, and the evil 
has a greater effect by the countenance said to be given by the Executive 
to a Cabal, that only means to through in obstacles to create disorder 
without answering any good purpose. But as your Excellency are fully 
possessed of the matter by former communications, I feel a consolation in 
reflecting that no exertions of mine has been wanting that was in my 
power to prevent the loss of lives ; those who either through mistaken 
notions or design may be accessary to the misfortunes of their fellow- 
creatures and countrymen may answer for it to their own conscience. 

I am, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, &c., &c. 


July 5th Capt. Jas. Barron to Gov. Henry, by his Son, Lieutent Barron. 

Hampton He sends his son to " wait" on his Excellency for funds to pay off the 
crew of the "Liberty," he having applied, without success, to Capt Loyall 
for the necessary amount. He had borrowed the money himself, to sat- 
Pay ^^ ^^ isfy the men, and paid them. Adds : " Three months Pay was due the 
* Patriot's crew on the 21st May, which I have also endeavored to gett 
from Mr. Loyall, but without Effect, and I am certain I shall not be able 
to gett any money from him, tho* Mr. Browne hath Informed me that there 
was certainly a Sufficiency In his Hands to have fitted out the Boats. I 
kept them running one year. The Commissioners have had no setde- 
ment as yett, tho' it has been two years since last April that the men be- 
longing to the navy were paid off and discharged." * * 

* * * "The men's Times, belonging to 

the Patriot, will be out in August, and those of the Liberty in Oct'r 

I have the honor to be, Sir, with 

great respect, your Excellency's most 

obt. servant, &c., &a 



JosiAH Parker, Collector, to the Executive. 

Gives notice of his intended trip northward on account of his ill-health, 
and requesting approbation of the same, especially as Capt. Bedinger, his 
Deputy, can be entrusted with the business of his office. Dwells upon 
the g^eat difficulty of collecting dues on account of scarcity of cash, and 
"the dispersed situation of the merchants.'' Unless some fixed place be 
found for the entry of goods, a great decrease in the customs must ensue. 
He adds : " Mr. Oster, the French Consul, has applyed to me for the list 
of vessells entered and cleared at my office this last year, with an exact 
state of their Burthens, owners. Cargoes, destinations, intentions, &c, &c, 
&c I have given him a vague answer, my reason for which was I con- 
ceived it a matter of much consequence, and which I deemed ought not 
to be divulged without the approbation of the Executive, as although I 
consider the French nation as our protectors from Tyranny, and the great 
means of our emancipation, yet I know they are politick, and perhaps 
may make use of these means to counteract our Commercial plans at some 
future day, when we may not be on as happy terms, as we are at present. 
With great respect for your Excellency and 

Your honorable Board, I do myself the 
honor to subscribe myself 

Your devoted, faithfull servant, &c., &c. 


July 7th 


the French 

Consul, &c, 


Capt. John Peyton to Arc'd Blair, in Reply, 

And enclosing the required statement of Jno. Timberlake, Clerk of Flu- 
vanna Court, to the effect that he had never issued a writ of " ad quod 
damnumy either by authority of the Co. Court nor by command of the 
Executive, summoning a Jury to value any part of the P. of Fork lands 
on which to erect a Laboratory, &c. 

July loth 

Point of 

Jos. Nevill to Gov. Henry. 

July 13th 

The money drawn for finishing " the Line between this State and Penn- Wheeling 
sylvania exhausted.'' He had been compelled to draw on the sheriff of 
Mononghalia ; " not a mouth full of Provisions, nor a man to do a day's 
work without the money down." 

James Hayes, Public Printer. 

July 15th 

The Journals of the last Assembly not ready for want of proper paper. Richmond 
It had just arrived from " the nortliward," where he had been to forward it. 



1785. Pay-Roll of the State Boat Liberty. 

July 15th Lieut- Michael James, Com' nd'g. 

The lead- 

July 17th At the commencement of the war, sundry negroes bdonging to divers 
persons, supposed to be unfriendly to the American Cause, were appre- 
hendend in the Act of going to the public enemy, and sent, by order of 
the Executive, to the Lead mines, which negroes have been ordered by 
negroes the Assembly to be given up to their proper owners. Mr. Lynch, the 
former Agent for managing the mines, has detained part of the negroes, 
having proposed to purchase them of persons who expect a power of 
attorney from the legal owners to dispose of them. The question is, 
whether the Executive have a power to force Mr. Lynch to give up tlie 
negroes, to be by them delivered to their proprietors, or if he be permit- 
ted to keep them, giving bond and security to return them : provided he 
shall not be able to procure a legal tide, whether such a bond will be good. 
Opinion of I heg leave to certify to the executive that my opinion is, that the Act of 
the Attor- the legislature will not support them in going farther with Mr. Lynch than 
merely to order him to deliver the negroes up. Should he refuse, he will 
be liable for damages to the true owners, or the Executive may direct the 
Attorney- General to institute process for enabling them to fulfill the requi- 
sition of the Assembly. 

July 19th Gov. John Sevier to Gov. P. Henry. 


Franklin Haveing an opportunity to send a letter to general Russells, from 

State whence I expect it can be forwarded to your Excellency, I take the Liberty 

of writing to you. The people on the western waters in No. Carolina, 

for many Reasons, too long to Trouble you with, have formed themselves 

g^^^^ into a new state by the name of Franklin, and have appointed me their 

appointed Governor. This appointment has brought on a Conference with a famous 

Governor Leader of the Chickasaws, who came into the State a few days ago in 
order to Solict a Trade with this part of the Country. They say they 
were sent for by Colo. Martin on that business, but as he was in Carolina, 
waiting on the other Congress Commissioners for Treating with the In- 
dians when the Chickasaws came to the Cherokees, they thought proper 
to come In here. I will have them all well used, and Encouraged a few 
honest people to Return with them and take down a few Goods. This 
can be done, because there is a very large store now opening at the No. 
Fork, Two miles below the Great Island, by merchants from Baltimore. 
* * * * * Iwill beg leave to mention to 

your Excellency that I am takeing every measure in my power to prevent 
Encroachments on the Indians' Land. This, however, b a diflScult Task, 




becanse North Carolisa adoalhr sold the Land up To these Tovns;. I i^^ 
have fixed a Tcmporanr Line^ as &r as people are settkd. and none {ui^ t^ 
shaO sctde orer it ant3 it cm be done by mutual A^^reement. 

Ahhoi^ we hare been forced into measures for sepantinf;: from Cart^- Jh^ ^'^^ 
lina« I think it necessary to inform yon that we will, on no aoxmnt. En- ''JJ^fcl^'^Sl? 
coor^ne any part of The people of 3roar state to K>tn us^ nor will we re* coiini£ed to 
crive any of them unless by Consent of your state. We revetence ih^i^^**^"*'*^"*^ 
Virginians, and I am confident the L^g^islature here will« at all times, do 
evetylhu^ to merit theu* esteem. 

Coi^^ress have called again upon No, Carolina to confirm the Ses- 
son which they unwisely withdrew, and I believe a majority of the 
people in CarcJina are in Our &vour. 

I do not expect 3rour Excellency to Correspond with us until our Gov- 
ernment is Recognized by Congress. But, in the mean, you may Rdy 
we shall do everything in Our Power to contribute to the wel&re of all 
the neighbouring States as well as our own. And we hope soon to con* 
vince them all that we are not a banditti, but a people who mean to do 
right, as fiur as our knowledge will lead us. 

I am your Excellency *s Ob't Serv't, &c., C4c 

William Robison to Gov. Henry, 

July ai)lh 

In regard to the money found in the Saddle-bags of Le Brun, and asking Clinch rJwr, 
for instructions, as administrator, as to what he shall do with the re- county ^"^ 
mainder of the fund after all legal claims shall have been satisfied. 

Capt. Jas. Barron to Gov. Henry. 


July 96th 


I have the Honour to inform your Excellency that on Sunday a Mr. Hampton 
Lunsford informed me that on the day before (about 2 o'clock in the 
afternoon) he was boarded and robbed by three Armed men in a Small 
Boat in Warwick Creek Bay, of a quantity of Dry Goods, the property 
of Mr. Sam'l Paine in Richmond. I immediately dispatched Lieut. 
James, of the Liberty, in Pursuit of them, with Luilsford on board, and 
followed with the other Boat as Soon as possible. At 2 o*Clocke Capt. 
James Came up with the Pirates in nancymond, and took them all three, 
with the goods which they had landed. They are now lodged in this 
jail. They confest the Robbery. Their names are Henry Butler, late 
of Williamsburg, who married the Daughter of one Deforrest living 
there; Alexander Moore, formerly a midshipman on board the Muskito 
Brig ; Capt. Harris, and a Slaughter Cowling, of nancymond. 

I have the Honour to be with Great Respect, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obed. Serv't, &c., &c. 


17^ Arthur Campbell to Gov'r Henry. 


July 26ih After being honored lately with the receipt of several of your Excel- 

Washington lency's letters, particularly that of the 17th may last, and the several com- 

^ munications made in consequence of them, particularly my letter of the 

13th June, the principal Officers, and the Whig interest in this County, 

Hints of the seemed to rest satisfied that an amicable and enlightened Administration 

a^nw^^^tc ^^^ P*^^ ^^ ''^^y ^° ^^ Legislature and to Congress for the efficient 
and permanent redress of the principal, and in Some cases the almost in- 
tolerable greivances of the Western Inhabitants. But whilst secure in 
this Confidence, we have to lament that the voice of Calumny and faction 
have reached the seat of supreme rule, and that without a constitutional 
enquiry, without a fair hearing, it has been in some degree listened to, 
and had effect. It is hard to defend, when it is not known what we are 
charged with, and at all times who can disarm private picque, or be able 
to withstand malice and envy without feeling Some ^taiart? But political 
fury, ei^endered by tory principles, knows no bounds, and is without a 
parallel. Bernard and Hutchison has exhibited to Governors and the 
Worid examples that aught to teach wisdom to this and succeeding 
generations. We are told (but it b only from report) that we have of- 
fended government on account of our sentiments being favourable to a 
Stispjcions pe^ State, and our looking foward for a separation. If such a disposition 
is criminal, I confess there is not a few in this County to whom guilt may 
be imputed, and to many respectable characters in other Counties on the 
Western Waters. If we wish for a separation it is on account of 
griviancies that daily become more and more intolerable; it is from a hope 
. that another mode of governing will make us more useful than we now 

tives ^c ^o the general Confederacy, or ever can be, whilst so connected. But 
why can blame fall on us when our aim is to conduct measures in an 
orderly manner, and strictly consistant with the Constitution. Surely 
men who has bound themselves by every holy tie to support republican 
principled cannot on a dispassionate consideration blame us. Our want 
of experience and knowledge may be made a plea against us. We de- 
plore our circumstances and situation on that account, but at the same 
time firmly believe our advances to knowledge will still continue slow, per- 
haps vtx%^ towards ignorance and barbarism, without the benefit of local 
independent Institutions. 

But, sir, why may we not take courage and say we are right when ad- 
verting to our own Constitution, to the different Acts of Congress, that of 
different Legislatures, the opinions of the first statesmen in America, 
among whom we can number an illustrious Commander, a great Lawyer 
and Judge in this State, and a Governor of Virginia himselfl 

All that I have to ask, and it is all that I may ever crave, that your Ex- 
cellency may not, from invidious information, form rash measures, so urge 
matters at an untimely day to extremities, which only might gratify an 

T.Vi,?r^DAa JF -TArj^^ 7^^i>iKS. ^ 

^^Qoii oiszipie rfwrngaT j|{i^iiist divr jm6> n "mt :^%^titt ^kitvi ^vc^vvuii^s. va ^^Hk^^- 
miok die ens at hmromty jmi ^joiii^ittaQtis^ :3t^ vmt vvutK.t> \\»^ ^ik ^ 

plaos basre beea lad :» v6*tu»lit ;iht i^kv^^^^ Wi<j^ki|^ v^i. V 
die 3k& of oppccssm .kc^ itl^^J«<^i th( ch^f v^k«H^^ .V$$i«^H^v nk- 
tsaded ot> burthet ihent jonasdy wttibt 4l w<«ic^ ^ t»u\<«j^ SUhjJt vX^mnMV 
tees werccoiiCriTed jud cuoin»Mtt b%r CokttoH Acti)^aA OiJttt|^m» V^V l^tW!^^ 
of this desonkr^ so eiriy js F<bcxtarr ^lid Xt^rctt b^. ^jt^ti^H ihv^c^x^ v^ 
sffking redress of grtev-joc^s bat bebuUT ot^ cbotr vXMjbUk^- t^itev iN^Mv'ii^ ^tK^^"^ 
to vafl his grand obfect of siepenciua (t<^ v.>|.>«ftKvt ku» v\HttUM^t^>i b^v 
avowed dediradoos j]^^;uiKst cuiQie^rtiQi^ Ux<$ iu thb V.\hm^I\ ^^"^ (y\>\H^^ 
year, and decryiai^ the birj in geoer^ *.>!: the ly^ A^s^^^wbK Nv^^^h 
standii^ every oposicioQ then CDJude tv> hb weas^unr^ ht" cvH^tu^^^l tv^ s\v^ 
vene his committeesy and not too^ lifter, in vhic v^' hi$ O^v^^^Uh^v^ <^l 
Maq'r Dysarts, disdosed his pUn of re|>re;iei)UtivH) tv* O^H\<tif«!*^ lhw\^^Y 
aiming to fix a boundary* to include a (MUt ot^ Vir^^ini^ ii^ th^ K\^iv)k(u^ 

It is also notoriously known that Colonel C;Am|^b^U dut ii\ A Ov^\v^v 
don of the North Carolina people, publicly proiKKHtt^ t\^ «k^)viiiiU' hiu^vll^ 
with the citizens of Washington and Montgomery in Virginia, m\\ M\\\\\^ 
them, declare themselves immediately inde|>cmicm tU' \hp SXikXt^ \U Viv- 
ginia and North Carolina, and moreover stumi the friMU iM' xUk* \\a\\\p W^ 
tween these people and Virginia when necee»!Miry, Hih dtn-'UiMlion \\\ \\w 
people of this County at March Court, to elect no dclr^ion lo \\\p K\p\\^ 
tal Assembly this year, together with his late oppuditlon Mt Julv V\a\\{ \u 
the proclamation issued by your Excellency in Council i\\p UA\\ }\\\\p ImMi 
may be sufficient to satisfy your Excellency and thr honorMbli) (Niuiu^tl 
that the mischievous spirit prevailing here in opponltlon to {\\p pifsntsnt 
collection and other proceedings of government, nnmt Imv^ MiUi^n liuiii 
the licentious spirit of Colonel Campbell, conveyml t(i thrm thi'tiUHh liU 
artfiil insinuations daily since laat Court, cxcrcified by piililk* in««ti(in|e{ii In 
this County, intended to overset the dciignN of the ICxmHitivo In {Up iiipii' 



1785. ent arrai^eixient of the militia; and there is reason to bdieve he is now 
July 27th aiming to efiect associations to oppose the ooDectioo when attempted to 
be made. The charges herein contained can ondoabtedly be supported 
by General Russell. Captain Andrew Kincannon^ CapL Henry Smith and 
Captain Wm. Cock, of the Franklin settlement We rest the charges 
herein contained for the discussion and ultimate decision of your Excel- 
lency and the honourable Council, that if necessary he may be dted to 
answer the charges against him. 

I am. Sir, your ELxcellencie*s most obed*t and 

verv humble servants, &a, &c, &c. 

July 28th Andrew Doxxally to Gov. P. Henry. 


Greenbrier By Capt Graham, who lately came firom the Indian Towns, I am in- 

^^^^°*>' formed that there is now resident amongst them Certain white men who omit 

Indian no opportunity of irritating the Indians against us. Refers to one " Higgins," 
a^'S"^e ^^^ ^^ *^^^° ^ Trader at Detroit early in the late war, and had been 
Higgins compelled to join the British against his wishes, had deserted from them, 
but having been captured by the hostile Indians was reduced to great suf- 
fering and privation. After the war, bong regarded with suspicion by 
all parties, he went to reside with Shawanese, where he had omitted no op- 
portunity of rendering service to People captives amongst them. He has 
great influence with the Indians, and being anxious to do a service to the 
Proposal to county, " he proposes that if a Commission be sent him to authorize his 
white mat- proceedings, he will undertake, at his own hazard, to bring in those white 

contents m^i, ^Jjq endeavour to promote enmity between us, particularly the Gir- 
among the . . • 1 .1 i- - - tt 

Indians, ties, whose implacable malice is notonous. 

I have thus laid before your Excellency the Proposals of this man, as 
represented to me by Capt. Graham. » ♦ » » * 

This matter has also been strongly recommended to me by Colo. Thos. 
Lewis, at Point Pleasant, of whose unfortunate death you will receive ac- 

I am, Sir, Your Excellency's 

most ob*d*t humble servant, &c, &c. 

July 29th Jos. Nevill and Andrew Ellicott (Commissioners), to Gov. 

Ohio county We have drew a sum of Money from Mr. Wood, Surveyor of this 

County, due to the Marsters of William and M^ry Collige, which we hope 

you will please to Isue your Warrant for payment thereof agreeable to the 

Rect. given Mr. Wood- 

We are, sir, your most obedient 

Humble Serv'ts, &c, &c 


Samuel Brown to Gov. Henry, by Express. 1785. 


By Express from Point Pleasant I am informed Colo. Thos. Lewis, Iuly29th 
with some other Gentlemen from that place, have fallen into an ambus- Greenbrier 
cade of the Indians, who, it appeared, had betrayed them by an Invitation 
to a kind of Treaty at the Salt Licks. Colo. Lewis had been desirous of ^"'"^^"^ o' 
cultivateing a friendly correspondence with them, and for that purpose had Thos. Lewis 
frequently sent to them, and had received the most friendly answers ; but 
it appears their designs was only to trepan him, which they have effected, 
much to the loss of the Inhabitants of nhat part, as they are now in the 
utmost distress, and a number of defenceless People exposed to the mercy 
of the Savages. They have sent to me desiring some assistance, and not- 
withstanding I am unacquainted with what your pleasure may be in re- 
gard of the appointment of militia ofhcers for this county, I have, in 
consequence of my former office, taken the liberty to direct the Captains 
of the respective companies to engage as many volunteers as may amount 
to twenty or thereabouts, which I design to send immediately to the re- 
lief of the People settled in the Kenaway, particularly at Point Pleasant, 
whose situation is truly hazardous, and hope the necessity of this measure 
will meet with your approbation, especially as there is every reason to be- 
lieve that several Tribes of Savages are determined for war, as that Port 
will in great measure secure the whole of the Frontiers of this County. I 
sbsaHl direct them to continue there till I receive your orders upon that 

With Colo. Lewis fell Capt. Lockhart, of this place, a Capt. Amberson^ ^^^kn^ 
from Fort Pitt, and one Mr. Squire. 

Mr. Hanley, who has the Honour of delivering this to you, will, I hope, 
be thought deserving of the allowance made to Expresses. 

I am. Sir, Your Excellende's mo. ob. servant, &c., &c. 

Capt. Jas. Barron to Gov. Henry, August 2d 

Enclosing the Pay-rolls of the '* Liberty" and the "Patriot," by Capt. Hampton 
King, "coming in the stage.'* Urges the payment of the men, in as much 
as when they were enlisted he had been authorized to promise them their 
pay once every three months, &c. 

Oliver PoLLOcfe to Gov. Beverly Randolph, August 9th 

In regard to his daim against the State of Virginia ; desiring to know Philadelphia 
when he should appear at Richmond in accordance with the suggestion 
made thro' the Hon. Mr. Hardy. 


1785. L. W00D,J*N*R, 

August 13th Enclosing to the Governor Lists of Persons and amounts of claims due 

Solicitor's them. He adds : ** I flatter myself you will pardon the liberty I take to 

office request that information be given me whenever Warrants for these claims 

issue, that I may enter them in this ofiice to the Debit of the respective 

Claimants, whereby I shall have it in my power at any time to shew how 

they stand, which otherwise is diflicult." 

August i6th Return of Military Stores, delivered to William Price, 

Richmond Containing list of ordnance, ordnance stores and other articles, military 
implements, and other like articles now out of use. 

August 22d Thos. Jefferson^to the Governor of Virginia. 


Paris I was honored yesterday with 'your Excellency's letter of June i6th, in- 

closing the resolutions of Assembly relative to the busts of the M. de la 
Fayette. I shall render cheerfully any services I can in aid of Mr. Bar- 
clay for carrying this resolution into effect. The M. de la Fayette being 
to pass into Germany and Prussia, it was thought proper to take model 
F tte^ ^^ ^^^ ^"^^ '" plaister before his departure. Mons. Houdon was engaged 
bust by to do it, and did it accordingly. So far Mr. Barclay had thought himself 
Mons. authorized to go, in consequence of orders formerly received. You will 
be so good as to instruct me as to the monies hereafter to be remitted to 
me — whether I am to apply them solely to the statue of General Wash- 
ington, or to that and the Marquis's bust in common, as shall be neces- 
sary. Supposing you wish to know the application of the monies remit- 
ted from time to time, I state herein an account thereof, so far as I 
am able at present. Before your receipt of this letter I am in hopes 
mine of July 11, by Mons*r Houdon, will have come to your hands. In 
that I inclosed you a copy of the contract with him. 
« I have the honour to be, with due respect. 

Your Excellency's 
most obedient and most humble serv't, &c., &c. 

^ , . Livres. Sous. 

Account 1875. Apr. Received of Laval & Wilfelsheim 

on Alexander's Bill 8957- u- 

1875. Mar. II. To pd. portage on Gen*l Wash- 
ington' s picture from L* Orient 13. 8. 



Apr. i6th. To pd. for a frame to do 51, 

July 1 8th. To pd. to Mon'r Houdon 10.000 

Aug. 13th. To pd. Houdon's bill on me for 

expenses 2.724. 


Besides the above sums paid, 

I expect daily a bill from London for insuring 15.000 livres on Hou- 
don' s life (I thought it best to ensure enough to cover the expenses of his 
voiage, as well as the sum to be givea his family in case of his death), this 
if at 5 pr. cent, will be 750.0-0 livres. 

On his arrival at Philadelphia he is to draw on me for money enough 
for his expenses going, staying and returning. We conjectured there 
would be about 5000 livres in the whole, but 2724-6-6 being paid, the 
residue would be 2275-13-6. 

There is due to him for the model of the busts of the M. de la Fayette, 
in plaister, I imagine, about 750.0-0. 

The two first of these sums I expect I shall have paid by the time this 
letter gets to hand, and I shall pay the third, if demanded. These added 
to 3831 livres 3 sous 6 den., already in advance, as will be seen above* 
will amount to between seven and eight thousand livres. Houdon, on his 
return, will also expect an advance for the two busts of the M. de la 




August 22d 




Thos. Barclay to Gov. Henry. August 23d 

Sir : 

I had the honor of receiving by the last Packet the letter which you parfs 
wrote me the i6th of June, together with the Resolutions of Assembly re- 
specting the Busts of the Marquis de la Fayette, and I beg leave to assure B"st of the 
you that my best endeavors shall not be wanting to accomplish matters i^ji^yette 
agreable to your wishes. Mr. Houdon, who embarked for America 
with Dr. Franklin, made a considerable progress in executing the first 
Bust that was ordered, but the Marquis being at present in Prussia, the 
matter must rest untill he and Mr. Houdon return. I think it will be 
better that the same Person compleats both the Busts; the more so, 
as he is at the top of his profession. The cost of each will be 3,000 
Livres, and I have paid Fifty Louis d'ors for the purchase of the marble 
for the first. 

The pattern Fusil from St. Etienne is come, and I think it unexception- 
able, save an error of li Inch in the length, which will be rectified in an- 
other. It was furnished by the persons who supply the best arms for the use 



1785. of King's troops, and if we agree with them, the price must be what his 
August 23d majesty pays. * ♦ * ♦ ♦ «t -phe differ- 

ence between the gun being mounted with steel and brass, will be 20 Sols 
^"stflt "^ *^^ each, so that the whole expence of Gun and Bayonet may be supposed 
26-10 Sols. This is a high Price, but M. Jefferson and the marquis de la 
Fayette Join in opinion that the very best arms ought to be sent out" 
* * * "The Ramrods will be steel in place of 

Iron, the latter being totally rejected at present in this Country and not 
Cheaper, and the length of the Guns you order is exactly i of a french 
Inche shorter than those used by the french army. The Marquis de Fay- 
ette is of opinion that each Cartridge Box ought to Contain 36 Cartridgesi 
but I do not think we can make sugh a deviation from the Instructions, 
which are for 20." ♦*»♦!£ y^^ pursue 

the Idea of arming the State Generally, you may possibly, in the future, 
make some alterations in your Instructions. * * :^ 

I have written to Liege for 2 Fusils, as a model of what can be done 
there. I saw the arms they were making, about three years ago, for the 
use of the Grand Seignor, and I think from thence some might be pro- 
cured considerably cheaper than at this place, and, if made on purpose, 
would be very good ; but of this you will Judge when you see the work- 
manship of the model, which I shall send out to you.'* 

I have the honor to assure you of the great Respect 

with which I remain, &c , &c. 

August 24th Anrdew Ellicott to Gov. P. Henry. 

Sir : 

On the 23d of this month we compleated the boundary Line between 

Boundary the States of Virginia and Pennsylvania. The Line is a true Astronom- 

\^^nia*^and ^^ Meridian, extending from the S. west Corner of Pennsylvania to the 

Pennsyl- River Ohio, and in length nearly 64 miles. The work is executed to an 

finished uncommon degree of accuracy, and by the good management of Mr. 

Nevil, with much less expense than commonly attends undertakings of 

such magnitude. ****** 

For particulars, I must refer you to CoUo. Nevil, who, I expect, will wait 

upon you in the course of a few days. I have not charged anything for 

my Expenses home, nor included in my account more than 6 da3rs for my 

journey to Baltimore, which cannot be performed in less than 12. On my 

return home I intend verifing and publishing the observations which we 

made use of to determine the five degrees of Longitude last season, and 

there used to obtain the direction of the meridian which bounds the two 


I have the Honour to be. 

Your Excellency's H'ble Serv't, &a, &c. 



James Barbour to the Governor, 1785. 

In regard to the serious difficulty in organizing the Milida, due to the August 39th 
^lure of the Officers commissioned to accept the positions assigned Culpepper 
them, and the inconvenience of attending the " muster-fields " firom re- 
mote parts of the County. He begs that more than two Battalions be 
allowed in order to remedy this, and thinks Gen'l Stevens, who is ap- 
pointed County Lieutenant, will qualify to the Office should this request 
be granted; otherwise he should resign. He then recommends the fol- 
lowing for the Several Offices : " Henry Hill, Esq'r., Lieut.-Colo. ; Reuben 
Beale and Elijah Kortley, Esquires, Majors.'* 

Jos. Martin to Brig.-Gen*l Wm. Russell, Washington Co. August 29th 

Dear Sir: 

The News from this quarter is Truly a Larming. The Warr in 

Hatchett is Certainly sent from the northward nation to the Creeks, and 
has passt thro* the Chickasaws and Choctaws, and that they have rec*d it, ^r^amone 
tho' I think the Chickasaws will not Receive it. It is Daily expected in the Indians 
this nation. I will wait to know the Event. The Indians hear are very 
uneasie about the Incroachments on their Lands, also the Delay of the 
Treaty. I have used Every Artifice in my power to quiett their minds by 
often convening them, and have Divided what publick Goods was in my 
hands among them and the Chickasaws. I have fell on a nother plann to 
amuse them Tell the Treaty comes on, which is to send a few of their 
Chiefs to Charleston, from thence to the assembly of North Carolina, as 
I have just rec'd a letter from Gen'l pickens, informing that Georgia 
would not furnish any cash for the Treaty ; that the Commissioners Can- 
not proceed before they send to Congress to know how the money is to be 
fumish'd. If the Warr Hatchett should Come Hear before I leave the 
nation it may be Difficult for me to Escape, tho* I trust that I have some 
fnenes among the Indians that will let me know in time to Escape. I am 
very unwilling to leave the nation without knowing the Bottom of their 
Designs. * * * * It is certain that a few 

Creeks passt thro* Chickamogga a Few Days ago with two sculps. Two 
cases of pistols, and eight or ten Horses, which they said they took from 
the Kentucky road. 

P. S. — Since closeing my letter I have rec*d a few lines from Mr. Mc- 
Donald, who was a gent, for Great Britain thro* the Course of the warr. He 
mentioned he Had Something of Importance to Impart to me, which he 
was unwilling to Trust to paper. As it may be of Consequence to States, I 
propose to see him at the risk of my life, and have sent for him to come 
to me. If he Don*t Come Shortly, I intend Down to the Lookout moun- 
tain, wheare he lives." 

Your most Ob't Ser't, &c., &c. 


1785. David Meade to Gov. Henry. 

August— Your Excellency and the honorable Board, at which you preside, are, 
Maycox, j^ jg probable, unacquainted with the circumstances of my being a member 
George of the Dismal Swamp Company, otherwise you would have nominated 
county Some person less exceptionable in that particular than myself, to fill the 
why he vacancy in the Commission for the Norfolk canal, made by Mr. Carring- 
should not ton's resignation, as that connexion evidently interests me in the question 
of commf^ with respect to the course of it. At the same time it is proper to reveal, that 
sion of Nor- the best information which I have had the means of obtaining, has given 
o can ^y judgment a bias in fevor of a direction different from any that has been 
suggested to the assembly. If your Excellency and the honorable Council 
should think this my reason for declining your very flattering appoint- 
ment not of sufficient weight to render the acceptance improper, you will 
find me obedient to your future commands. 

I am, with due respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv't, &., &c. 

Endorsed. — "The appointment was returned to Mr. Meade." 

September Benj. Hawkins to Gov. Henry, of Va., 


Charleston, In reply to letter of Bev. Randolph, Esqr., dated In Council, July 7th, in 
South regard to the requisition of Commissioners for Indian affairs, and inform- 
ing him of certain Drafts made on Virginia, " to enable them to proceed 

to the execution of the important duties of their Commission. 


September JoHN Page TO Gov. Henry, 


Rosewell In regard to the organization of the militia of Gloucester County. The 
irregularities that had occurred grew out of the ^ilure of the County 
Lieut, Sir John Peyton, to attend at the last meeting of the Committee, 
and to make his returns of the strength of the militia. As &r as given 
in, the militia had " increased to 1000 men." The officers qualified were 
Sr. John Peyton, Co. Lieut., John Page, Lieut-Col., and Mecham Bos- 
well, Major. It was eamesdy desired that James Baytop be made Lieut- 
Col. ; Mordecai Throckmorton, Thos. Bucker, and John Hughes, Majors. 
•* Then we shall have good officers for 2 Battalions." 



John Pierce Duvall to Gov. Henry. 

The Indians had " again repeated their barbarities " in that County on 
the 31st August, by killing the wife and four children of Thos. Cunning- 
ham and burning his house and that of Ed. Cunningham. The people 
terrified. Expresses arriving with inteliigence of traces of the Indians 
being near by. He should do all he could to keep the people together 
until succor should arrive, but the militia were not organized, and ammu- 
nition very scarce. He had sent out fifty men and six spies. The effective 
force in the entire County only about " two hundred and fifteen men, and 
about one Hundred and thirty guns." He is about to send for the pow- 
der and Lead, "agreeable to your Directions;" but adds: "in case there 
is any Rifles Belonging to the State in any of the Back magazines, to wit, 
Alexandria, Winchester or Fredericksburg, should acknowledge it as a 
singular favor to send an order for about Two Hundred of them," &c. 



Indian out- 
rages, &c 

Enclosed Account of Expenses, due Andrew Ellicott, 


As Commissioner for Virginia, in determining "the true astronomical Baltimore 
boundary between the States of Pennsylvania and Virginia. 

Levi Todd to Gov. Henry, 

Setting forth the insecure condition of that part of the State, on account 
of the ^ilure to maintain a proper military organization and a suitable 
militia Law. Fortunately, the Indians seemed not disposed to hostilities, 
but this peacefiil state of things could not long exist, because of the ir- 
regular proceedings of " ill-disposed men always to be found in a back 
country." and a propensity for plundering in our Savage neighbors. * 
* * " Notwithstanding the Intention of the Kentucky people to ap- 
ply to the Legislature to be separated " (as this will perhaps be a work of 
some time), he hopes the Executive will not neglect the necessity of en- 
forcing a militia Law. This is not only necessary for defence, but to ena- 
ble them to retaliate upon their Enemies when occasion should offer. 



Joseph Martin to Gov. Patrick Henry. 

Sir : Chotee 

As I am Informed Colo. Arthur Campbell informed your Excel- ^^"a^mim- 
lency that I was an Officer in the new State, I beg Lieve to assure your ber of the 
Excellency that the Report is vague, and that no Earthly thing shall pre- ^state^of ^ 
vail on me to neglect my duty as Agent for the State of Virga. so long as Franklin. 


1785. I have the honour to fill that office. True it is the Assembly of Franklin, 

September as they call themselves, Elected me one of their privy Council, which I 

Co?o 1 ^^^"^^^ ^^ accept. Colo. Campbell made use of many arguments to draw 

Campbeirs me over to that party, by saying he wondered I would not Join them, as 

couree to- ii would be much to my Interest, as I had a body of Valuable Lands in 
wards nim 

powers Valley; that as soon as the new State would take place I might 

have a county Laid off there and the Courthouse on my Land, and con- 
venient to the. Seat of Government. My Reply to him was, that as long 
as I appeared in public character, I did not Look altogether at private 
Interest ; that I was in Every Sence of the word against a New State, 
Which was the Last conversation we ever had on that subject. 

The people in the new State are much Divided. Several of their Mem- 
bers Refused at their Last Assembly to take Seats. They have attempted 
to get the Representatives from these Towns, I suppose, to augment their 
numbers, as they might have a Representation in Congress, but that at- 
tempt was Baffled. Their number I cannot ascertain at present, but ex- 
pect in my next to be more particular. 

I am Your Excellency's mo. Humble and 

most obt. servant, &a, &c. 

September Jqs Martin TO Gov. Henry. 

19th "^ 

Chotee In accordance with his instructions he had paid every attention to the 

Indians since his return from Charleston in July last. He have never 
seen them in greater confusion than at present. Had had several meet- 
ings with them, but the death of his old friend, Oconstota, had deprived 
him of much influence. The delay in forming a Treaty and the encroach- 
ments upon their Lands caused great anxiety among them. '* The Old 
Tassel " had informed him that the Wyandot Chiefs said the Six Nations 
were at peace with Virginia, but all the other Tribes were hostile ; that the 
Shawanese had gotten the promise of assistance in moving against Ken- 
tucky this fall from all the different Tribes, and that they intended to at- 
tack the frontiers of Virg*a also; that the former were to remain quiet 
until the arrival of their Western allies, when runners would then be sent 
to the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Creeks with the war 
Hatchet But Col. Martin thinks this move will not succeed, in as much 
as these latter have been well satisfied since he divided all the goods re- 
maining in his hands equally among them. He apprehends the Chicka- 
moggas will accept the war Hatchet, but he should set out on the next day 
" for that Quarter," and should neglect no effort to keep them in a good 
humour until the time for the proposed general Treaty in October and No- 
vember next. He adds : **for the news from pensicola, I refer you to Mr. 
McDonald's letter, which I enclose. I have, with much pains and diffi- 
culty, opened a Correspondence with him. He was Agent for the Crown 
of Great Britain through the Course of the last war. He now resides at 


a large Indian Town, 25 miles south from Chickamogga, deals at Pensi- 1785. 
cola, has great Influence over the Indians in that quarter, and in case of September 
war with the Spaniards might be very serviceable or very dangerous. I ^^ 
flatter myself that with his assistance I can furnish your Excellency with 
the earliest and best Intelligence from that quarter. 

As a conveyance from here to Richmond is very uncertain, I have fur- 
nished Gen*l Russell with all the intelligence from this quarter, and re- 
quested him to send such as may be worth your Excellency's notice. 
I have the honour to be, with great respect. 

Your Excellency's most humble and 

most obt servant, Ac, &c. 

McDonald's Letter, Enclosed Within the Above. 

Look Out Mountain^ Sept. 6th, 1785. 

Sir : 

I rec'd your kind letter of the 30th Inst., and your Talk to the 
Head men, which I told them as well as I could. They seem'd satisfied. 
But I believe they would be better pleased to Have seen your self. I 
am sorry it is Inconvenient at present for me to Have the satisfaction of 
seeing you, as I Have Trusted several young fellows that are at Present 
out Hunting, and I expect them In soon, And if I was out of the way 
they might Deal with other People. I had a Letter a few days ago from 
the Creek nation. In which I am Informed that an Envoy had been ap- 
pointed by the Court of Spain to Congress to settle the affairs of the 
Grand Boundary if they can, and that the Spaniards are Resolved to 
keep the Americans Very high up the Great River. That the Fort at 
Natchez is in a Formidable State. Troops were arriving Every day at 
Pensacola, all of whom were put on board Light vessels and sent to Or- 
leans, and from thence to all Posts up the River, upon which they are 
very strong, at Least Between 5 and 6,000 men, and about as many more 
Ready on any Emergency to spare from the Towns of Pen' la, Orleans 
and Mobiel ; and that the Court of Spain Have Invited 600 french fami- 
lyes to Setde the Natches and other vacant Lands above that ; and that they 
Had actually arrived In Eight Vessels, Orleans ; and that there is a num- 
ber of Americans Already Taken up at Natches and sent prisoners to Or- 
leans. The principle of them, it is said, will be hanged. 

This is all the news I have at present. * » ^t 

Believe me, Sir, I shall never Turn Spaniard. This Is all at Present 

Sir, with True Esteem, yr. most obt. servant, 

Jno. McDonald. 


1785. Indian Talk Enclosed also with the Above, and the String of 

Beads Referred to, Found Enclosed. 

Chotee^ 19th Sept, 1785. 
Brother : 

September I am now going to speak to you. I hope you will hear me. I am 

^^ an old man, and almost thrown away by my Elder Brother. The Ground 

I Stand on is very Slippery, tho' I still hope my Elder Brother will hear 

me, and take pity on me. As we were all made by the same great Being 

above, we are the Children of the same parent I therefore hope my 

Brother will hear me. 

You have often promised me in Talks that you sent me, that you would 
do me Justice, and that all disorderly people should be moved off our 
Lands, but the longer we wait to see it done the further it seems off. 
Your people have built houses in sight of our Towns. We don't want to 
quarrel with our Elder Brother. I therefore Beg that you, our Elder 
Brother, will have your Disorderly people taken off our Lands immedi- 
ately, as their being on our Grounds causes great uneasiness. 

We are very uneasy on acc*t of a Report that is among the white peo- 
State^sete^up P^^» ^^^ ^'^ themselves a New People, that lives on French Broad and 
a claim to nolechuchey. The Say the have Treated with us for the Lands on Little 
^**^lands^" ^ River. I now send this to let my Elder Brother know how it is. Some 
of them Gathered on French Broad and Sent for us to come and Treat 
with them, but as I was Told there was a Treaty to be held with us by or- 
ders of the great men of the thirteen States, we did not go to meet them, but 
some of our Young men went to see what they wanted. They first wanted 
the Lands on Little River. Our young men told them that they had no 
authority to Treat about Lands. They then asked them Liberty for those 
that were then Living on the Lands to remain there till the head men of 
their nation was Consulted on it, which our young men agreed to do. 
Since then we are told they claim all the Lands on the waters of Little 
River, and has appointed men among themselves to settle their disputes on 
our Lands and call it their Ground, but we hope you, our Elder Brother, 
will not agree to it, but will have them moved off. I also beg that you 
will send Letters to the Great Council of America and Let them know how 
it is. That if you have no power to move them off, they have, and I hope 
they will do it. I once more Beg that our Elder Brother will Take pity on us 
and not take our Ground from us because he is Stronger than we. The 
great Being above, that made us all, placed us on this Land and gave it to 
us, and it b ours. Our Elder Brother, in all the Treaties we ever had, 
gave it to us also, and we hope he will not think of taking it from us now. 

I have sent with this Talk a String of White Beads, which I hope my 
Elder Brother will take hold of and think of his younger Brother, who 
is now in Trouble and looking to him for Justice. 

Given out by the "Old Tassell" for himself and Whole Nation, in pres- 
ence of the head men of the upper and Lower Cherokees, and Interpreted 

by me. 



Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry, 1785. 

In regard to the murder of the unfortunate French Gentleman, Le Brun. September 
It had been considered those accused of the crime were innocent (Taffe & 23d 
Baker), but facts and a further trial tended to a contrary opinion. It was county 
also thought he was murdered as much on account of his tory principles ^ ^^u" 
as for his money. The Tory party had exhibited unwarrantable partiality 
in allowing Baker to go at large, instead of " carrying him to the public 
Jail," the example being a " most pernicious one.' ' 

Benjamin Hawkins to P. Henry, Esq., September 


Setting forth the difficulties in connection with the proposed Treaties with Charleston, 
the Southern Indians. It had been necessary, on account to the great r??"i^n 
distances apart, and the scarcity of provisions and want of transportation. Treaty with 
to fix a later period than originally intended. The Commissioners had ^e:k)uthen 
arranged on this account for a Treaty at Galphinton on the 24th Oct., and 
at Fort Rudedge on the 15th November. The Indians would probably 
be punctual, in as much as they were anxious for peace with the United 
States, "and are exceedingly humbled by the termination of the late war.** 
The Agent of Georgia, among the Creeks, had informed Gov. Ebert 
that the Americans on the Mississippi had captured the Fort from the The Anieri- 
Spaniards at the Natchez. He had just rec*d a letter from the Secretary Mississippi 
of East Florida, informing him of the troubles in the neighborhood of 
"the Natchez,'* and expressing the opinion that the United States had 
** no right to a participation of the navigation of the Mississippi, or to an 
establishment in the Natchez district *' 

Petition of Thos. Booth, September 


To be relieved of fine of four hundred pounds of Tobacco for Contempt Henrico 
of Court, in not appearing to serve as a Grand Jury- man, &c. Was on 
his way from Philadelphia at the time of the sitting of the General Court. 

Valck to Gov. Henry, September 


Acknowledging the receipt of his Exequator as Consul for Virginia on be- Baltimore 

half of Their High mighinesses, the States General, and apologizing for his 

inability to pay his repects in person to the Governor, on account of the 

recent death of bis mercantile partner, &c. 




1785. Sundry Bills of Exchange for various amounts, drawn at Sight by Benj. 

October loth Hawkins, on State of Virginia, as Commissioner to treat with the Indians. 

October nth 


Ed. Valentine to Gov. Henry. 

May it Please your Excellency : 

When I sit down and Consider the many days and nights that I 
spent to secure our Great Globe America to be free and Independent, and 
Characteris- See my misfortune in loosing my hand, I can't keep from shedding Tears 
To Think that my Children should come to want and I not able to work 
to prevent it. I can see a great many People in the Auditor's office, as 
Qearks likewise in Treasury, not more fiting for that Business then my- 
self. If the Publick should want a man to do any Business as I can Exe- 
cute, please to Try to Get me appointed to it if you can. I had Rather 
do anything than to be a pensioner, at least what I am able to do. 

I am Sir, your H'ble serv*t, at Command, &c., &c. 

October 12th 



Sam'l Dedman to Gov. Henry, 

Returning to him his Commission as Lieutenant of the Co. of Mecklen- 
burg, and adding : " Your Circular Letter respecting this Piece of Busi- 
ness had every Respect shown it that was requisite, and I make no Doubt 
the Gentlemen who acted at your request, were actuated from the soundest 
principles," &c., &c. * ♦ * Gentlemen, then, who 

has been slighted in the manner as above expressed, and accepts of a 
Commission, I must conclude, does it from a thirst of Preferment, and 
not through that Principle of good will to his Country, which Ought to 
Actuate every Person who wishes to hold an office under government. 
Further Observations might be made on your Letter, but I shall content 
myself with only adding that I have found Mr. Pope's Observation Veri- 
fied, in it when he says : 

" A discord harmony not understood, 
All partial evil, universal good, 
And Spite of Pride, in Erring Reason's Spite, 
One truth is clear : Whatever is, is Right." 

I am Y'r Excellency's mo. Obe't, Hum'l. Serv't, &c., &a 


Thos. Barclay, Consul-General, to the Gov. of Virginia. 1785, 

As the price of the arms for Virginia would be higher than at first sup- October lath 
posed, he prefers to await the arrival of M. de la Fayette, expected on the Paris 
15th inst., before closing the contract for them. The arms would be ex- 
actly such as are used by the Swiss Guards, and the price the same as 
paid by His Majesty. The high reputation of the arms manufactured at 
St. Etienne induces him to procure them at that place, tho* the price be a 
little higher. He adds an assurance of the pleasure it will ever give him 
to execute the commands of the Governor, or to show his attachment and 
Respect for the State of Virginia. 

RiCH*D B*D Lee to Gov. Henry, October 14th 

Enclosing record of the Contest of Wm. Bronaugh, of Loudon Co., for Richmond 
his proper place of seniority on the list of Justices for that County, ad- 
ding : " The Justices who conceive themselves degraded are in a dilemma, 
between a delicate regard to themselves and the duly which they owe to 
their country, from which your Excellence alone can extricate them." 

Act of Assembly providing for the appointment of Five Delegates to October 17th 
the Congress of the United States, to Represent Virginia until the " first pV^jp"*^ . 
monday in november next." 

Benj. Hawkins to Gov. Henry, October 17th 

In regard to the five several Bills of Exchange, 1,000 doll's each. Pay- Charleston, 
meat for provisions, presents to Indians, &c., would be due on the day of ^^?^ 
the last Treaty meeting, and unless the bills should be negotiated in time, 
he should advise " sending a boat to Virginia expressly for the money." 

Will. Johnston to Gov. Henry, October 17th 

Applying for the place of notary Public for the District of Kentucky. pS^'Yoh' 


1785. James Bowdoin to Governor of Virginia. 

October i8th I have had the Honour of receiving your Excellency's Letter of the 

weTlth^of ^5^^ August last, and, agreeably to your Request, will explain to you the 
Massachu- object to which the Resolution of the General Court, lately transmitted to 
^tts, yQur Excellency, and referred to in your letter, is pointed. One of the 
States had passed an Act laying duties on foreign Goods imported from 
Duties laid any of the United States, while the same Goods imported immediately 
on goods from foreign countries were not chargeable with such Duties. By the 
several same Act Duties were also laid on Rum, Loaf Sugar, and several other 
States Articles which are manufactured in this Commonwealth. A preference 
thus given to Foreigners, to the prejudice of the United States, or either of 
them, appeared extraordinary. This Commonwealth felt itself affected, 
both as a member of the Confederacy and as an Individual State charged 
with Duties on its own manufactures, whereby its Citizens would probably 
be prevented from vending them to the Citizens of a sister State. The 
Objections Measure appeared the more greivous because the Laws of the Common- 
wealth require no Duties on the manufactures of any of the United States, 
and their Citizens respectively, are, in point of Commerce, on a footing 
here with our own. The Act aforementioned gave Rise to the Revolu- 
tion. Your Excellency will perceive it must particularly apply to that 
Stale. Accordingly an Expostulatory Letter was addressed to that State 
only. But as it must, in the opinion of every one, be a matter of the utmost 
Importance to the United States, that each of them should carefully avoid 
Necessity of ^^^"8^ measures which might give just cause of offence to others, and tend 
good feeling to the Interruption of that Harmony and mutual Good will, upon which 
^^Sutes^ the General Safety and welfare depends. I took the liberty to enclose it 
to the Several States, being fully persuaded that if any of them should 
think proper to revise their Commercial Laws, and should thereupon ob- 
serve an Instance of such a nature and Tendency, it would be altered or 
repealed. I flatter myself your Excellency will not think my motive im- 
proper. It will eventually afford me the happy occasion of laying before the 
General Court your Letter, expressing in very obliging Terms your own 
most sincere Regard for this Commonwealth, and an assurance of the 
Readiness of your assembly to manifest the same friendly Disposition to- 
wards us on all proper Occasions. I may venture to assure your Excel- 
lency that a similar disposition towards Virginia, and every branch of the 
Confederacy, prevaib in the Government and People of this Common- 
wealth. As I understand your Assembly will meet the next month, I hope 
soon to be honoured with another Letter from your Excellency acquaint- 
ing me that the subject of mine, of the 28th July, has been considered by 
that honourable Body, and that the Measures taken by our General Court 
have met with their Concurrence, or that such other Measures, as their 
Wisdom may have dictated, have been adopted by them, whereby the 


Designs of the British Court, unreasonably to control our Trade, may be 1785- 
counteracted and frustrated. October i8th 

I am^ with Cordial Esteem and Respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and very humble 

Servant, &c. 

J. Ambler to the Governor, OctobenSth 

Stating his inability to negotiate a Bill for ;^300 for the benefit of Mr. Treasury 
Jefferson, and asking his further instructions. office 


John Hopkins, Cont. Receiver, to the Executive. OctobenSth 

Acknowledging receipt of their order in Council to pay to holders of cer- Richmond 
tificates of Liquidated claims on the United States the money he had 
rec'd from the State of Virg'a on account of the United States. He de- 
clines to comply until he shall have rec'd instructions from the '* Board of 
Treasury," in as much as it would be an infraction of their orders. He Specie col- 
has in hand Twenty thousand Dollars in Solid Coin, rec'd from the State, State 
which he holds subject to their orders. 

J. Ambler to the Governor, Octoberi9th 

Enclosing receipt given by ** Capt. Littlepage for three hundred pounds," Treasury 
to be forwarded to Mr. Jefferson. 

Jno. Salmon, Coroner, to the Governor of Virginia. October 26th 

Wm. Hunter, of that County, had accidentally killed his own son by Henry 
shooting him with a gun. The father was prompdy acquitted of any county 
guilt in the act; but under the law the gun was declared a ''Deodand," A Deodand 
and as his Excellency alone has the power to restore the weapon, he, as 
Coroner in the case, recommends this be done. 

Bill of James McGavock, October 28th 

For drawing 73,693 lb. weight of Lead from the works to Fort Chiswell 
@ 20 s. pr. 200 lbs. 



1785. Return of military Stores ; Return of the clothing Department, and 

Point of ^cc*^ of cash expended for the quarter ending at this date by Capt. John 
Fork Peyton. 


Capt. John Peyton to Col. Thos. Meriwether, 

Point of Enclosing estimate of " Rations of Beef for 8 months, Forage, meal and 

Fork armourers' wages for Twelve ;" Com (maize) higher than meal "owing to 

provisions ^^^ short crop.** He find is cheaper to feed them on this than on Flour 

&c. (wheat) at 12 s. 6 d. pr. cwt. 

November Jno. Pierce TO ARCHIBALD Blair, Esq., Clk. of the Council, in 
^^^ Reply. 


And enclosing a List of persons employed by Mr. Browne, former Com- 
missioner under " the Provision Law " for the State during the late war ; 
and by himself when acting also in that capacity. Their names and coun- 
ties in which they served given. 


Point of 

Capt. John Peyton to Gov. Henry, by Mr. Price. 

Sir : 

I am told that Mr. Ross has informed the H'b*le Executive that I 
have opened a Store at this post. I confess I have, and should have made 
it known myself had I supp*d it necessary. The principles that induced 
me to do so I hope will sufficiently appologize for my conduct therein. 
To say that I am not interested in the business would be to deny a fact, 
but I do declare on my Honor that I was not influenced by that alone, 
but rather to have it in my power to supply the Artificers and Guard 
with such necessaries as they from time to time realy stood in need of, 
and could not possibly have got on tolerable terms in this Quarter without 
some such step being taken. 

Should it be deemed incompatible with the line of my duty, I am at 
any time ready (after the sale of what few goods I have on hand) to re- 
linquish all pretensions to ye business of that kind in future at this place. 

I have the honor to be, &c., &c. 


RoBT. Mitchell, Mayor, to the Governor, in Reply, 1785. 

Respecting prisoners who had escaped from the Jail, says : ** I have don November 

all in my power to procure Good men To retake them, but none such ^^" 

could be found that had Horses that would turn out on Such an Expedi- Richmond 

tion, as the report prevaib they prisoners is armed. But still thinke men ^f^n^^ 
might be procured had your Excellency offered a reward in your lett'r to 
me for apprehending them. 

Oliver Pollock to Gov. Henry, November 


Informing him he had chosen Wm. Alexander, Esq., Commissioner to Richmond 
act on his part with Jerman Baker, Esq'r., appointed by the " Hon. the 
Executive," for the final settlement of his accounts with Virginia. 

N. Wilkinson, Miles Selden, John Harvie, Thos. Prosser, and Nevember 
William Foushee, Commissioners, to the Governor, making ^^^ 

Sir : 

We beg leave to inform your Excellency and Hon'ble Board that in Richmond 

conformity of an Act of the General Assembly entitled ** An Act direct- 
ing the Sale of Public Lands and other Property in or near the City of 
Richmond," and agreeable to Instructions from the Executive as per State 
made by the Directors by their Letter of the i6th July, 1784, we have 
proceeded to dispose of Seven acres of Land in Richmond, and Eight 
and a half Acres near Warwick (instead of 12 supposed by the Directors), 
which Land was originally the Property of 

Zachariah Rowland, by purchase, 

Cockrane, Cunningham & Co., by Escheat, 
Mirian Menzies, by ditto, 

French & Crawford, by ditto, 

Andrew Chalmer, by ditto, 

Richard Oswald, by ditto, 

& Rope-walk near Warwick, by purchase, 
which having been laid out into Lotts, Streets, Alleys, &c., in such a man- 
ner as we conceived would be most beneficial to the Public sale, as follows : 

about 5 acres in Richmond for Specie, ;^7,859. 7. o. 
better than i Acre in ditto for Certifi- 
cates ;^5.873- 3. 4. 

8 & i acres near Warwick for Specie, 484. 15. o. 

amounting in Specie to ;^8,344. 2. o. & 

in Military Certificates to ;^5»873. 3. 4. as p'^ account 

of Sales hereunto annexed. 


1785. That we have also, agreeably to the above recited Act, opened and re- 

November ceived^ubscriptionsfor «rectin^ the public Buildings on Shockoe Hill, viz: 

Sum SuncRiBBD. 

George Anderson 

^ Smith Blakey 

lolm Beckly 

James Buchanan 

Henry Banks 

John Barret 

Robt. Boyd 

Samuel Couch 

Reuben Coutts 

Richard Crouch 

John Clark 

William Coults, a l.^t, No. 706. . 
Cohen & Macs 

!ohn I'Jepnesl 
JixsoTi & Holt 

Mjrcii'i Klt-aii 

Jacob Ege 

Samuel Ege 

Milton Ford 

William Foushee 

Gabriel Gait 

Anthony Geoghegan 

Reuben George 

Gerard & Sevire 

John Harvie 

ncnjamin Harrison, )n'r 

Harrison. Nicols & Co 

Benjamin Lewis 

David Lambert 

Charles Lewis 

John McKeand 

Robert Mitchell 

Dabney Miller 

Dabney Minor 

Alexander Macroberts 

Joshua Morris 

Sieiihen T. Mason 

Nelson, Heron & Co 

George Nicholson 

Nicolson & Prentis 

John Orr 
ohn Pendleton 

George l^ckett 

John Pirkman 

John Pryor 

Pennock & Bowdoin 

Edmund Randolph 

William Richardson 

William Russell 

Jesse Roper 

John Smith 

John Stewart 

Samuel Scherer 

John v^trobia . . 

Nicholas B. Seabrooke 

Daniel Truehan 

George Todd 

Patrick Wright 

William White 

Isaac Younghusband 


Making in the whole ;^i,949. o. o. subscribed, j£i,2i\g. 14. 5. paid, and 1785. 
£6gg. 5. 7. still to be collected, and a Lott of Land on Shockoe Hill, November 
No. 706, supposed to be worth about 70;^. ^°*" 

Thus, Sir, you will perceive the immediate fund for carrying on the 
Public Buildings amounts, by Subscriptions and Sales in Specie to ;^io,363. 
2. 0., and by sales in Certificates to ;^5,873. 3. 4., bearing an Interest of r 
6 p. Cent p. Annum, which Certificates are lodged with the Treasurer, 
and the Sum of ;^3,8o5. 12. 0., Specie, paid to the Directors. The reser- • 
vations made and recommended by the Executive have been attended to. 

The Foundery, with its Appertainances, we did not proceed to sell, as 
we were well convinced it would go far below its real value, from the 
peculiarity of circumstances under which it then laboured, and which 
could not possibly be removed while our power for disposing Continued. 
Since making Sale of the Land, the Directors have applied to recover 
part of Zachariah Rowland's Tenement, which had been sold to the Hon. 
Miles Selden and Mr. Henry Banks. As they find it will interfere with 
their Plan, those Gendemen have agreed to restore it at the price pur- 
chased. The Directors, thinking a considerable part may be hereafter 
disposed of, there is no ascertaining with precision what the deduction 
from amount of sales will be, but it cannot be very great. Having com- 
pleated so much of the Business assigned us, request, Sir, the favour of 
you to lay our Transactions before the Executive for their inspection, and 
are. Sir, 

With the most perfect Esteem and Respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv*ts, &c„ &c., &c., &c. 


S EIEHSS5"'? E}S8J5»«53«8-&5> 



^iiiJiii lis ■?! iJiJ-M 1.-. ii 

1 *• 



il^ Jl"" 


4 MM. 


8 * 







Joseph Hornsby to Gov. Henry, in Reply. 1785. 


Agreeable to your Letter by Mr. Selden, I have had the strangers, November 
supposed to be from Algiers, examined. They came to this city last \^nn^s_ 
Thursday, and from the accounts they give of themselves and their rea- burg 
sons for coming to this country, I have thought proper, by the advice of Algennes. 
the Recorder and Aldermen, who were present at the examination, to send 
them up to your Excellency for further examination, and to be delt with 
as you in your Wisdom may think proper, and have issued my Warrant 
to the Serjeant of this City for that purpose. 

I am your Excellency's 

Most Obed. humbl. Serv*t, &c., &c. 

The Senate agree to Resolution of the H. of Delegates of Oct. 27th, November 
1785, authorizing the Executive " to draw on the Treasurer for such a '^^^ 
sum of money out of the Contingent Fund as may be necessary to make 
good the engagement already entered into for procuring a Statue of Gen- 
eral Washington." 

CoL. Le Maire to the Hon*ble Benj. Harrison, Esq*r., November 


In regard to his petition for remuneration for advances made by him when Richmond 

in the service of Virginia, and closing with these words: " I can have the Le Maire 

honor to assure you that I absolutely disposed of my Estate in france to 

fulfill my engagements for the State of Virginia, and that if the honorable 

House does not acquiesce with my humble request, an old french officer, 

who, with the approbation of his King, has served your Country with zeal 

and fidelity, shall be utterly ruined." 

Rich'd Henry Lee, William Grayson, James Monroe, Edward November 
Carrington and Henry Lee, J'n'r, Esquires, ^^th 

Chosen by Joint ballot to represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in Assembly 

Congress of U. S. " until the first Monday in November next." Delegates 

George Mixta, November 

Chosen by Joint ballot "Chief Justice of the Western District" to sue- General 
ceed Cyrus Griffin, Esq're, resigned. Assembly 


1785. Credentials of Carter Braxton, Esq'r., 

November Chosen member of the Privy Council to succeed Wm. Nelson, Esq'r., re- 
^5^" signed. 

November JOHN Browne TO Arch. Blair, Esq'r., 


James City Enclosing List of deputy Commissioners under the Provision Law, in 

county 1 78 1, appointed by himself, with the several Counties in which they acted. 

November Capt. Jas. Barron TO Gov. Henry. 

i6th sjr . 

Hampton Inclosed your Excellency will receive the Pay Role for the State 

LibertjT ^^^' Liberty for the last three Months, which finishes the year's enlist- 
ment of her crew. She has been now running Ten years, and must have 
the Plank on her Bottom taken off and new Plank put on before she will 
be fitt for service again, also a new suit of sails, the whole of which will 
amount to sixty Pounds. * * * # 

From this. Boat's long service the Plank on her bottom has become so 
thin that she cannot be made tight, in which case she is very unsafe to 
cruise. There is no Hands now belonging to her but Capt. James and one 
of the Publick negroes. 

I have the Honour to be. Sir, with great respect. 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv't, &c., &c. 



Point of Requesting him to " send up by ye waggon linnen for the Soldiers' 
^^^^ shirts." " The Public negroes are also in want, and the wenches and chil- 
dren need some coarse Plains or Plaids to Cloath them with." 

November B. Ball TO Gov. HenrV, 


Culpepper Making application for some position, as Clerk or otherwise, by which he 
county can support his family. He had lost all his property in the late war, had 
never been bred to business of any kind, but is anxious to do anything 
for and honest livelihood and to support his needy fumily. 


Wm. Edmiston, Jas. Kincanon, Saml. Edmiston, Jas. Thompson, 1785. 

AND Arthur Bowen, to the Executive. 

Please your Excellency and the honourable the Council: 

Sir: A complaint being exhibited in the course of last summer November 
s^inst Colo. Arthur Campbell for mal conduct, contrary to the most ^^^" 
sacred ties of Government, as well under his late County Lieutenancy as 
Judge of the Court of Washington, in which he continues to act, we have, 
consequent thereto, been honor'd by advice from our Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor that the charges would be attended too by the Executive, which we 
still hope will meet your patronage in due Season, and the offender in 
your wisdom dted before a proper tribunal to answer the charges against 
him. Relying that the Executive will not suffer such attrocious insult to 
the Commonwealth of Virginia to pass unnoticed, we think it necessary 
to add fresh matter of complaint against Colo. Campbell, that, with the 
former now in your possession, his wicked and persevering conduct may 
be more clearly explained to your honourable board. When the decision 
of the Executive made it necessary to arrange the militia of Washington 
under the law of Eighty-four, and the Governor's proclamation was 
Issued for that purpose, which being accompanied with the field Officers' 
Commissions were laid before Washington Court, Colonel Campbell on 
the Bench objected to the proclamation and power of the Executive under 
the law, and quiting the bench addressed himself to the Court, telling 
them that the Militia law was arbitrary, tiranicle and oppressive; and 
after condemning the last Assembly for enacting the law, said that the 
power of enforcing the law was in the Court, not in the Executive, and 
that the Court should by no means suffer the field Officers to qualify ; 
Also hoped the Court and People of the County would pay no obedience 
to the law or proclamation. Colo. Campbell finding some opposition to 
his measures by the Court, aledged that the executive having suspended 
the operation of the law till Jan'y, 1786, had not a right to take off that 
suspension, by which time he made no doubt the law would be repealed; 
and after finding Some of the Court opposed his propositions, pled (not- 
withstanding the danger of the frontiers) that the Court should not suffer 
the field Officers to qualify at that time. His constant endeavours to 
prejudice the citizens of this County ever since against the law will ap- 
pear from a petition to the Assembly which he promoted. 

And. Ellicott to Governor P. Henry, November 


Urging the payment of the remainder of his account against the State of 

Virginia. The Commissioners on the part of the state of Pennsylvania 

had received the thanks of their Council for their services, altho' these 

had been attended with more than ordinary expence. 






Col. Le Maire to Gov'r Henry. 

As I allways have taken the well fare of your Country at heart, and be- 
ing devoted to its service, I should be glad to manifest on every occasion 
that I still preserve the same sentiments. I fear the Algerines might trou- 
ble your Coast I fear some ill-designed Brittons, Irish, Jersey, or Guern- 
sey men, under the cloak of a Barbarian, with an Algerine Commission, 
might molest the Trade of the Bay. As for the French, your fiuthful ailys, 
you have nothing to fear. 

I beg leave to offer to your Excellency my Services, and to propose 
you to command me to set of for France without delay, properiy qualified 
and commanded to his Excell'y, Mr. Jefferson, in order to obtain of the 
Court of france a Frigate for the use of the State of Virginia, which I will 
engage to procure at a reasonable price, payable some years hence. 

This Frigate I will make depart from Europe immediately for Cape 
Henry with her Guns, ammunition, &c., in the Hold, commanded by 
three french officers, and only so many men aBoard, as if she was a mer- 
chantman. Immediately after her arrivall the whole ship's Company shall 
be dismissed and sent home in the King's pakets at Norfolk. Then your 
Excellency will give the Command to an American Captain afler your own 
Choice, who will have her put in order of defence, and enlisi so many 
Seamen as necessary for that purpose. Indeed, I would offer myself for 
the task, as to the north there are plenty, and, in my opinion, it will be 
easy to engage them. Concerning the Frigate, I shall do my utmost en- 
deavour to have her within the Capes in four months' time, fitted out in a 
regular order. Sails, rigging, &c. That nothing shall be wanting to stop 
her career, and if your Excellency thinks proper, I may bring in her the 
Arms the Marquis de la Fayette has promised. As for m3rself, I ask noth- 
ing ; to the contrary, I shall think myself perfecdy happy to shew your 
Excellency my Zeal and my attachements for your Country's cause, and am 
at a minute's warning ready to obey your Commands, and can have 
the honor to assure your Excellency, that by the protection I enjoy in my 
Country and under your Sanction, I cannot fail in my mission. 
I have the honour to be with respect and Esteem, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and very humble 

Servant, &c., &c. 

December Thos. Upshaw TO Gov. Henry, 


Richmond Making application for the place of Superintendent of the Public Maga- 
zine. During the war he had frequently been entrusted with duties of this 
character, and therefore considers himself peculiarly fitted for the office. 


John TYkKR to Gov'r Henry. 173^^5. 


I received your &vor with the indos*d papers relative to the Funeral December 

of our nmch-lamented Friend, Mr. Hardy, and am of opinion his Rela- sundav 

dves shoa'd not be made acquainted with the circumstances any farther morning 

than the manner in whidi he was honored by his country. His Father xP^^^ 

has been much injured by the war, his Family is large, and sudi a sum 

as ;£i50 wou*d disttess him gready, as I know he would most certainly 

encounter any difficulty rather than not pay it. Surely a country Uest 

with so great and good a man, both in public and private Life, can never 

hesitate to discharge the expences incur*d by their orders. 

lis a tribute justly due to Genius and merit, that it wou'd be a &ult to 

pass by unpaid ; moreover, when we consider the principle to be truly 

republican, and holding out inducements to the good and great, however 

indigent, to step forth in the public Councils. 

I am, with sincere respect. 

Your Excellency's most humble Serv. &c., &c. 

Wm. Foushee to Gov. Henry. December 

Sir: 6lh 

Agreable to the request of your Excell'y and Hon'ble Board, I Richmond 
have this evening accompanied Colo. Meriweather in making full enquiry 
of the Persons and Baggage of the three Algerines or Moors. Find a 
number of Papers, which induoe suspicion only from their being contra- 
dictory as to the names and Purposes which these People are called by 
and intention of persuit On being enterrogated on these points, they an- 
swer that these Papers being written in English, they cannot say what the 
contents are, or be accountable for the mistakes of those who may have 
written them. They deny being Algerines, but say they are Moors. No 
ofiensive or defensive weapons appear on them, or in their Baggage. One 
of them only was possessed of any money. The whole amount of his 
stock was sixteen Pounds two shillings and i)^ d. Lest your Excellency 
may not have been apprised of one circumstance, I take the liberty of 
observing that they are in possession of a Receipt from the Capt. of the 
Douglass, for Thirty Pounds, the amount of Passage for these. They say 
this money was borrowed from a Jew in London. They have several pa- 
pers which bear marks of authenticity, but being in Hebrew their contents 
are unknown. They say the Papers admit them to places of worship. 
This may be so, or they may be Letters of credit for any thing which I 
know to the contrary. Understanding that they were to go to Norfolk 
instead of Philadelphia, seem'd much distressed, and made many ques- 
tions respecting this determination. Tho' I confess myself much dissat- 
tisfied with the appearance and account of these People, have been able 
to make no further discovery than what is above related, 

& am, Sir, with the utmost Esteem and Respect, 

Your Excellency's mo. ob't serv't, &c., &c. 




L. Wood, J'n'r, to the- Governor. 

I>ecember He had examined Col. Le Maire's claim, and the grounds upon which 

8th it was based, and cannot report in favor of its being paid by the State. 

Solicitor's ^" ^ much as the Executive seem disposed to value the military and 

office other services rendered by that officer, he suggests that the £2fi^j. 3. 2. 

be paid to Col. Le Maine without entering into the reasons therefor. He 

is the more induced to recommend this course, in as much as he can find- 

no proof upon which to base the claim, and it would deprive Col. Le 

Maire and others of all cause of complaint in the future. 

December The Legislature request the Executive to *' lay before" them the Books 
9^" concerning the " Public Foundery at West Ham." 

December Capt. Jas. Barron TO Gov'r Henry, ^ 

i2th '' 

Hampton Informing him of his having detected the Ship St. Thomas smuggling 
twenty-three hhds. rum and fourteen hundred bush'ls Salt, and one hhd. 
Sugar. Col. Parker had secured the duty, and exacted the Penalty of 
;^200. The ship was in the possession of the Boat Patriot. He adds : 
" The Liberty's services are much wanting, as it is impossible for one Boat 
to attend the Trade in Jas. and Norfolk Rivers, when so many daily 
arrivals happen." He encloses copy of this Ship's manifest, by which it 
will appear she had on board 10 Puncheons Rum, Salt, Sugar, fruit, 
ginga, and "5,000 feet lignumvitae." 

The Boat 


Geo. Gibson, Col. ist State Reg't, 

George Muter, Col. S. G. R., Chas. Dabney, Lieut.-Colo.,.T. Meriwether, 
Christ. Roane, Patrick Wright, Edm. C. Read, Jno. Rogers, Peter Kemp, 
Jas. Kemp and Chas. Ms^f^, Officers of the State Line, asking that 
Caveats may be issued preventing grants to all others than themselves for 
the lands on the South Side the Tennessee River, set aside as bounty 
territory for their benefit, &c. 



James Montgomery, of the County of Washington, 

Havins^ exhitnted a charge against Arthur Campbell for mal-practices and 
misconduct in his Office of a Justice of the Peace for the said County in 
the form following (to wit) : 

ist That he advised persons chargeable with public Taxes to refuse 
payment thereof. 

2ndly. That he advised Free holders against electing members to the 
General Assembly — and 

3dly. That he attempted by various means, openly and Secredy, to 
induce the Inhabitants of Washington County to Separate from this Com- 
monwealth — 

And William Edmiston, James Kincannon, Samuel Edmiston, James 
Thompson, and Arthur Bowen, of the said County, having also accused 
the said Arthur Campbell in the terms following, to wit : That he left the 
Bench on a day when the Court was setting, and attempted to persuade 
the Court that no regard ought to be paid to the Militia Law on the 
Governor's proclamation for enforcing it. 

The Board on considering the Said Charges, and pursuance of the 
Power given the Executive by an Act of Assembly " to extend the powers 
of the Governor and Council,'* Advise that the first Monday in April next 
be^set apart for enquiring into the Charges aforesaid, at the Council 
Chamber, in the City of Richmond, and that the said Arthur Campbell 
have notice of such intended inquiry, and be furnished with a copy of the 
Charges exhibited against him on or before the first Day of February 
next, and that the parties be at Liberty, from that period to the fifteenth 
Day of March next, to take Depositions of Witnesses respecting the 
Charges aforesaid, give ten Days previous notice of the time and place of 
taking the Same, and that when taken they be transmitted to his Excel- 
lency, the Governor, under the hand and Seal of the Magistrate or Ma- 
gistrates, who attended the taking such Depositions. The Governor 
orders accordingly. 

Attest : 




In Councii 

Order in 


to be taken 

Charges vs. 


Thos. Newton, J'n'r to Gov. Henry, 

Giving account of the wanton conduct of a ship in running down at night 
die boat of the Brig Hansford, causing the loss of three men by drown- 
ing, and requesting the Governor to issue his Proclamation, offering 
reward for Such information as should bring to justice the Captain of the 






W. Smallwood, to His Excellency, the Gov'r of Virginia, 



In Council Enclosing a " supfdement to the Act establishii^ a Company for opening 
Maniand and extendii^ the navigation of the River Potomadc," &c. 

December EDWARD HiLL, ANDERSON ScoTT, Harry Gaines and Larkin 
^^^ Smith, 

King and 

Members of the Court, recommending to the Executive the appointment 
of Mr. Richard Bagby as Deputy Inspector at Mantapike and Fiazers' 
Warehouses, in place of Mr. Thos. Stevens, deceased, a day or two be- 



Capt. Jas. Barron to Gov. Henry, 

Hampton Giving information of his having captured one Philip Craver and his ves- 
sel!, having on board the stolen tobacco, at anchor under Sewell's Point 
He had ddivered him and his crew over to a magistrate, but should keep 
the sloop until further orders, &c. 



J. Ambler to the Governor, 

Expressing his great concern at being obliged " to take the monies from 
those funds appropriated by Law to discharge the Interest on the army 
debt," in order to meet the drafts upon the Contingent Fund, and b^^ging: 
advice accordingly. 


Wm. Rose, Keeper of P. Jail, to the Governor. 

Under Instructions from the Executive, Col. Meriwether, during the past 
year, had been making efforts to contract for supplying the prisoners with 
provisons. He had been urged to take this Contract, but, after thanking 
Col. Meriwether for the offer, " he gave him to understand that, being Keeper 
of the Prison and receiving a salary from the Public for my Services, my 
Feelings were too nice to consent to any Thing, however advantageous it 
might be to my Family, that bore the most distant appearance of double 
Gain." No contract had been made, and he had been, since that time, 
supporting the prisoners out of his own funds. The money thus advanced 
by him had, in part, been refunded, but upon appUcation, lately made, 
payment was refused, the warrant issued in hb &vor by the Treasurer, 
and he is now forced to rely upon the Executive to rescue him from his 
difficulties. He has on hand " eight Days' Bread for the People, but not 
a morsel of Meat" 



David Ross to Gov. Henry, 

In regard to the Post at the Point of Fork. He is perfectly ^tisfied " 
with the proposal that Joseph Carrington should act as commissioner in 
conjunction with some one chosen by himself, to adjust his claims against 
the State for the use of the property at that place, and should go up as 
soon as possible to comply with it. He should have a plot made of the 
amount of Land Supposed to be necessary, the amount of rent to be 
charged, and the cost of the fire-wood and timber required in the future, 

Wm. Barret to Gov'r Henry, 

Urging the payment of four months* wages, due " the salaries of the first 
Regiment of Dragoons." The rest of the army had long since been paid, 
" but fi*om Colo. Baylor's Illness and Colo. Washington's being a Prisoner 
at the time the Army was discharged, that Regiment was neglected. 





George Clark of Washington County Deposeth, 

That at February, Washington Court, last, that he was in company there 
in course of the same day with Colonel Arthur Campbell, Charles Cum- 
mings, Capt Robert Craig, when conversation arose concerning the col- 
lection of the taxes for the present year, to be made by Capt. James Mont- 
gomery, sheriff of the County : That after some conversation thereupon, 
Colo. Campbell, R. Craig, and Charles Cummings, did avowedly recom- 
mend to the said deponent to pay no taxes in future to the State of Vir- 
ginia ; That they then observed and said further, that as the deponent was 
an old residenter or setder in the county, his paying, or agreeing to pay, 
the taxes wood be a bad president, that might mislead the people of the 
County ; and Robert Craig said to the deponent he was a damned fool if 
he did pay the taxes to be demanded. And further your deponent saith 


Witness : 

Jas. Montgomery, 

Arthur Bowen. 

To its Excellency, Patrick Henry, Esquire, 

Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia^ 

and the honorable the Council of State: 

The Petition of Sundry Freemen, whose names are thereunto subscribed, 
Humbly Sheweth— That being pleased with the name, and wishing to 
dory in the reality of being Citizens of a Commonwealth, It is with in- 


1785. finite Concern that we are constrained to address your Excellency on a 
Subject that we apprehend will eventually endanger our Liberties — we 
mean the addoption of the new militia Law — that we believe the Consti- 
tution is imperfect in some particulars; but whikt we retain it as an 
acknowledged Plan, springing from a higher Source than the Ordinary 
legislature, we ought to consider it, until alltered by the Same authority 
as the Basis of the Laws; and all legitimate Government, besides an 
allegiance, point out to us as a duty to maintain it inviolate — ^that for- 
mer examples, both andent and modem, our own experience and the 
reason of things tell us that if an infi-action is once made, and that by a 
delegated power, then there will be no right, however sacred, that is pos- 
sessed by the Citizen, but may be usurped, and our Government ere 
long Terminate in anarchy or Despotism, those moumfull calamities that 
too often befall the human race. 

To avert such direful events, to recur to first Principles, and to reinstate 
our Liberties in their pristine vigour, we are encouraged to approach, 
Mrith fi'eedom and Truth, a patriotic Cheif Magistrate and an enlightened 
Council, humbly pnying that the powers with which your honorable 
board are invested may be now exercised by refusing to execute the 
aforesaid Act, as being unconstitutional and oppressive ; or, if need be, 
assemble the legislature at an earlier period than it stands adjourned to. 
That we may have an opportunity to seek redress from a legal Tribunal, 
And your Petitioners shall pray: 





THOS. OSBURN, 1785. 











AccoMAC, Sheriff, Petition for Releif. 

He is unable to collect the taxes on account of scarcity of money and SherifTs 

the poverty of the people. ' PetiUons for 

^ -' ^ ^ remission of 

Albemarle, Sheriff (Rhodes), unable to collect taxes or sell property for ^"^s, &c 
want of bidders. 

Albemarle, sheriff prays for relief because he could not get Hemp in- 
spected ; corn and money scarce, and no bidders for property destrained, 


Amelia, Sheriff (Brooking) prays for relief; great scarcity of money. 
Brunswick, Sheriff reports the people unable to pay. 

Campbell, Sheriff (Calloway) pleads great scarcity of money. 1^^ people 

Chesterfield, Sheriff (Bass) prays indulgence, &c. p^^y ^^^^ 

Cumberland, Sheriff " " taxes, &c 

Dinwiddie, Sheriff prays for releif; reports low price of tobacco and 
scarcity of money. 

Elizabeth City, Sheriff prays for releif, &c. ; great scarcity of money. 

Fauquier, Sheriff " " 

Gloucester, Sheriff (Sir John Peyton) asks for releif for same reasons. 

Goochland, SherifF prays for releif, &c 

Isle of Wyght, SherifT 

Jas. City, Sheriff pra3rs for releif; the people exceedingly poor. 

King George, Sheriff *' " scarcity of money. 

Lancaster, Sheriff, " *' 

Louisa, Sheriff prays for releif; great scarcity of money ; no taxes col- 
lected, and no property can be sold to pay them. 



tt it 

1785. Lunenburg, Sheriff prays for releif ; scarcity of grain and money. 

Nansemond, Sheriff " " Ac 

Northampton, Sheriff " 

Northun\berland, Sheriff 

Princess Anne, Sheriff prays for releif; scarcity of money ; the people 
averse to paying taxes. 

Powhatan, Sherifi petitions for releif. 

Spotsylvania, Sheriff reports his failure to collect taxes on account of 
the low price of tobacco and great scarcity of money. 

Southampton, Sheriff pra3rs for releif; the people unable to pay taxes. 

Surry. Sheriff 

Westmoreland, Sheriff unable to collect taxes on account of scarcity of 
com and money. 

1786. Ed. Randolph, Att'y-General, to the Governor. 

January 2d Giving his opinion in the case of Graver, accused of stealing tobacco in 
Richmond Chesterfield and apprehended in Eliz. City Co., that the Executive have 
the right to order the sheriff of said County to remand the accused to 
Chesterfield for trial, where the theft was said to have been committed. 

January 3d Printed copy of "Articles of a Treaty concluded at Hopewell, on the 
Hopewell Keowee, near Seneca, old Town, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew 
Keowee Pickens, and Joseph Martin, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United 
States of America, of the one part, and Piomingo, Head warrior and 
First Minister of the Chickasaw nation, Mingatushka, one of the leading 
chdfe, and Latopoia, first beloved man of the Said nation, Commissioners 
Plenipotentiary of aU the Chickasaws, of the other Part" 

January 5th Wm. RosE TO THE EXECUTIVE, 

Richmond Enclosing petitions of Prisoners in the Jail. One praying him to re- 
move one Joseph ^ " out of the room where we are forced to Stay, 

as the Greivous Smell Is So Externally and perceivable that we can hardly 
Contain or Sustain Life with him, for the Pox is so Grounded on him that 
he is almost Rotten, which Raise so pernicious a Smell we all fed it 


Benj. Logan, Joseph Crockett, Rich*d Terrell, and John 1786. 

Fowler, to Edmund Randolph, Esq'r, 

Urging the importance of securing the ammunition granted for the January 5th 
defence of the Kentucky frontier early in the Spring. 

John Tyler, Esq'r., January 6th 

Appointed "Judge of the Court of Admiralty," in place of Benj. Waller, General 
Esq'r., resigned. Assembly 

St. George Tucker to the Governor. January 6th 


When I did myself the honor of accepting the Commission of County Chesterfield 
Lieutentant of Chesterfield, I had no idea that a Law, which the Legisla- county 
ture of Virginia had considered as Salutary, would be rendered abortive 
by the dissenting voice of the people. 

Since my return to Virginia, after an absence of some months, I find 
that the plan of organizing the militia under that Law in Chesterfield is 
impracticable, from the almost uniform concurrence of the officers ap- 
pointed by the Executive in declining or returning the Commissions which 
I had forwarded to them previous to my departure. 

This circumstance alone should by no means have operated with me, 
did not the general clamour against the principles of the Bill convince me 
that the Act is but too generally considered as incompatible with the prin- 
ciples of our Constitution. 

Thus situated, I find myself incapable of rendering those services to 
my Country which it was not only my Duty, but my Ambition, to have 
exerted on any occasion wherein they should be required. I am, there- 
fore, induced from a thorough conviction of the Futility of my wishes on 
the subject, to resign a post which I cannot hope to fill with advantage to 
this Country or with credit to myself I must, therefore, beg the favor of 
your Excellency to accept my resignation of the post of County Lieutenant 
of Chesterfield. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient Servant, &c., &c. 

The Executive January 8th 

Aothorized to defray the expenses of saving " the Tobacco in the late fire House of 
in the dty," by selling a sufficient quantity of damaged tobacco. Delegates 


1786. John Harvie, Mayor of City of Richmond to the Governor. 


January 9th I am instructed by the Common Hall of this City to inform your 

Richmond Excellency that the Hall entertain the most perfect Sense of the Service 

^^y assigned them by the Hon'ble Board of Council, in the offer that you 

make the Corporation of the Labour of those prisoners under conditional 

Reprieves, that are now in the Publick Goal. But for a variety of causes 

that appear forcible to the Hall, they think it Inadvisable to accept of 

these prisoners upon the terms of your offer. 

I have the Honor to be Y*r Excellency's 

most ob't and very H. Serv't, &c.. &c. 


Soliciting his influence in enabling him to retain his present position of 
Clerk in the Auditor's ofRce, to which he was elected in May, 1780. 

January 13th RESOLUTIONS 

House of Concerning the joint Commerce of Maryland and Virginia. That the 
Delegates damages on foreign Bills of Exchange should be the same in each state ; 
that foreign bills of Exchange should be considered of equal rank with 
debts upon contract in writing. 

That duties on imports and exports (if laid) should be the same in both 
States ; that the Legislatures of said States should appoint, at their annual 
meeting, not less than three nor more than five Commissioners, who shall 
confer with each other on the commercial policy .of the two States, and 
that they be required to meet annually in the third week of September 
for such conference. 

January 14th ResloUTION PASSED 

House of Requiring a final settlement of the Books and accounts of the Public 
Delegates Foundry at West Ham ; to order collection of all dues to the State, and 
to pay all claims against the same. Some person to be appointed to ad> 
just these claims, and to establish the proper allowance to the Commis- 
sioner and to John Reveley for their services in erecting and manageing 
the said Foundry. 


Thos. Barclay to Gov. Henry, 1786. 

In regard to furnishing arms for the State of Virginia, and enclosing con- January i6th 
tract for the delivery of 3,400 Stand of arms, to be made at the Royal Parfs 
manufactory at Tulle, on the same terms, to be subject to the same tests 
as those made for the use of the King's troops. The minister at war had 
given permission that they should be made at the Royal manu&ctory. 
The Marquis de la Fayette approved the contract ; also, contract for 3400 
Cartridge Boxes, Belts and Bayonets, and "Slings for Fusils," to be made 
of the best material. He should depart for Bordeaux at once to contract 
for the 200 Barr. Gun Powder, 100 Reams Cartridge paper and 100 
Thousand Flints. He had sent to L' Orient, to be forwarded via New 
York to the care of the Delegates in Congress from Virginia, three Fusils 
made on purpose as samples, with the prices at which they can be fur- 
nished at Dunkirk. Mr. Jefferson and the Marquis de la Fayette had ap- 
proved his measures. The Cartouche Boxes to be stamped with the 
words " Virginia Militia^" He adds : " The First Bust of the Marquis 
de la Fayette, will be finished in about two Months; and the second, which 
shall be shipped from Havre, in four." 

Col. Le Mairk to Gov. Henry. January i6th 


I confess it grieves me to trouble you sooflen,but I intreat you to listen Richmond 
to the voice of sorrow, and you will see how much I am to be pityed. I 
am no merchant. I gain nothing. I have no other quality, as being an 
old, poor unfortunate soldier, and whose situation is affecting. A stranger 
in this country, without money, without resource, threatened with prison ; 
this is the whole truth. It is hard for a man of Forty-Five years of age — 
36 of service — to have the most frightfull prospect in the futurity. I must 
go back to France, and cannot for want of the needful, and for the same 
reason I cannot stay in America, as it is to painfull for a man of feeling to 
strech out his hand asking for a piece of Bread. Death is a Thousand 
Times more preferable. It is now a year that I am back, and has cost me 
a good deal to soUicit what is justly due to me, as likewise for the Lands 
granted to me as a Bounty, and I can not obtain one or the other. Give 
me leave to observe to your Excellency it is very^ hard for me to see peti- 
tions granted to people who gained money with the State, and that I am 
left in distress, flattering myself to have served the State with zeal and 

I have the honor to supplicate your Excellency and the honorable 
Council to favor me so farr as to lett me have Three Hundred Pounds, in 
order to purchase what is necessary for my voyage to France and to pay 
what I owe. My gratitude shall be without bounds, and I can assure 



1786. your Excellency, Mr. Jefferson, and the Court de Vergennes, who per- 
January i6th suaded me to come over, will join me in thanks. For the remainder you 
will be so kind as to order warrants speedily, and I shall acknowledge it 
as a fiivor. 

I have the honor to be, with respect and Esteem, 
Your Excellency's 

most obedient and very h'bl. Servant, &c., &c. 

January 17th N. Cabell TO Gov. Hknrv, 

In behalf of Mr. Roderick McCullock, Sheriff of Amherst, praying to be 
relieved of the Interest and Damages due against him and his sureties, he 
having failed to collect the Taxes in his County, altho' every exertion had 
been made to do so, " but fi'om the scarcity of money, the distress of the 
People, and their not having it in their power to make their collections 
within the time prescribed by law," it had been entirely out of the power 
of himself and his Deputies. 


House of In regard to Constructing the Canal connecting the waters of the Chesa- 
Delegates p^ake and those of North Carolina. (These appearing in full in the Jour- 
nal of the H. of Delegates need not be recorded here.) 


Praying for relief against the Judgement of the Gen'l Court for &ilure to 
account for the Taxes of said County for the year 1784. He had "dis- 
trained for the Taxes and sold the property so distrained, which, on ac- 
count of the scarcity of specie and the poverty of the inhabitants went 
exceedingly low." That several people, on whose property he had dis- 
trained, came in the night time and carried off their slaves, Horses, &c., 
which he had in his possession, " not that they were opposed to the pay- 
ment of Taxes, but could not suffer their property to sell for a trifle." He 
had been promised pay when the people sell their Tobacco. " Many have 
privately moved out of the county ; some of their effects I have attached 
in Albemarle, Hanover, and Henrico." Wm. Duval, Esq'r., testifies in 
his behalf, that it was due to the poverty of the people that the taxes could 
not be collected ; land could be purchased there at two shillings an acre 
valued at twenty ; he had purchase a large tract at that price. One of 
Mr. Johnson's Deputies had told him that in his part of the County the 
defidt was " near Sixteen hundred pounds." Many planters had refused 
to pay until they could sell their Tobacco, and some had threatened to 
shoot the sheriff if he came to distrain upon their property. 


Resolution passed, 1786. 

Authorizing the payment of Col. Le Maire's claim as settled and allowed January i9tb 
by the Executive in warrants on the Auditor, one-half out of Public House of 
Taxes for the present year, and the other half in the 1787. *^ . 

Resolution January 19th 

Empowering the Executive to appoint a proper successor to Ed. Car- House of 
rington, resigned, to act as Commissioner to settle the acc*ts of expences ^^^^S^^^ 
incurred in the " acquisition and Defence of the Western Territory," and 
to afford him Compensation therefor. 

B. Stark to the Governor. January 20th 

Having been informed of the proposed change in the Auditor's office, Richmond 
by which one member of the Board of Auditors will be dropped, he ex- 
presses the desire to be retained in that duty, adding, '* I do not pretend 
to Superior merit or abilities to my colleagues in office, but having been 
many years in the public service, in different departments, I feel an unwil- 
lingness to quit it, and that reluctance is not a little increased by the 
reflection of being discarded as a useless servant." 

Resolution January 21st 

Directing the Execudve to cause all the Artillery of the State to be col- House of 
lected and put in proper order for use if necessary. Delegates 

Capt. Jas. Barron to Gov. Henry. January 22d 

He sends under Charge of Lieut Barron "Craver and his two men." Hampton 
He, himself, is very Sick, or he should go up with the Sloop as ordered 
by his Excellency. Mr. Barron carries also the pay Roll of the " Patriot.." 

Dr. W. Foushee January 22d 

Certifies that the prisoner recendy shot in attempting to escape may be 
safdy returned to the Public JaiL 




Wm. Heth to the Governor, 

January 24th Acknowledging of his appointment as Commissioner to Settle the Western 
Wales, Va a&irs in place of Ed. Carrington, resigned. 

January 24th 



return to 



Thos. Jefferson to the Governor of Va. 

Busts of 

Purchase of 
arms, &c. 

I have been honored with your Excellency's two letters of Sept loth, 
and that of Oct. 14th, 1785. The former were brought me by Mr. Hou- 
don, who is returned with the necessary moulds and measures for Gen- 
eral Washington's Statue. I fear the expences of his journey have been 
considerably increased by the unlucky accident of his tools, materials, 
dothes, &c, not arriving at Havre in time to go with him to America, 
so that he had to supply himself there. The money which you were so 
kind as to send by Capt Litdepage, for the purposes of this statue, he 
found himself obliged to deposite in New York, to satisfy a demand made 
on him there. This was a debt which he owed to Mr. Jay. He assures 
me that in a settlement with his guardian the latter took credit for this 
debt, so as to be answerable to Mr. Jay for it, and of course to the State, 
now that Mr. Jay is paid with the State's money. I mention this circum- 
stance, that your Excellency may be enabled to take the earliest measures 
for recovering this money and indemnifying the State. 

Mr. Littlepage, to satisfy me, had obtained from the M. de la Fayette 
his engagement to stand bound as Mr. LitUepage's security for the i>ai- 
ment of this money, but knowing the punctuality and responsibility of 
his guardian, I did not suppose a security necessary. Besides, if a loss was 
to be incurred, I knew too well the sentiments of the State of Virginia 
towards the M. de la Fayette to suppose they would be willing to throw 
that loss on him. I therefore acted as I thought your Excellency and 
the Council would have directed me to act could you have been consulted. 
I waited on the Marquis, and in his presence cancelled his name from the 
obligation which had been given me, leaving only that of Mr. Litdepage. 
I have now the honor to inclose you one of those instruments, duplicates 
of which had been given me by Mr. Litdepage. The first of the Mar- 
quis's busts will be finished next month. I shall present that one to the 
City of Paris, because the delay has been nodced by some. I hope to 
be able to Send another to Virginia in the course of the summer. These 
are to cost three thousand livres each. 

The agreement for the arms has been at length concluded by Mr. Bar- 
clay. He was so much better acquainted with this business than the Mar- 
quis Fayette or myself, that we left it altogether with him. We were sen- 
sible that they might have been got cheaper, but not so good. However, 
I suppose he has given you the details of his proceedings, so as to render 
them unnecessary from me. It will be eight months before they will be 


ready. The cause of this, too, Mr. Barclay told me he would explain to 1786. 
you. It is principally to ensure their goodness. The bills remitted to January 24th 
pay for them have been honoured, and the money is lodged in Mr. 
Grand's hands, who was willing to allow a small interest for it. 

An improvement is made here in the construction of the musket, which Improved 
may be worthy of attention. It consists in making every part of them so """^^^^ 
exactly alike that every part of any one may be used for the same part 
in any other musket made by the same hand. The government here has 
examined and approved the method, and is establishing a large manufac- 
tory for the purpose. As yet the inventor has only completed the lock 
of the musket on this plan. He will proceed immediately to have the 
barrel, stock and their parts executed in the same way. I visited the 
workman. He presented me the parts of 50 locks taken to pieces and 
arranged in compartments. I put several together myself, taking the 
pieces at hazard as they came to hand, and found them fit interchangeably 
in the most perfect manner. The tools by which he affects this have, at 
the same time, so abridged the labour that he thinks he shall be able to 
furnish the musket two livres cheaper than the King's price. But it will 
be two or three years before he will be able to furnish any quantity. 

I have duly received the propositions Messrs. Ross, Pleasants & Co. for 
furnishing tobacco to the farmers general ; but Mr. Morris had, in the 
meantime, obtained the contract. I have been fully sensible of the bane- 
ful influence on the commerce of France and America which this double 
monopoly will have. I have struck at its root here, and spared no pains 
to have the farm itself demolished, but it has been in vain. The persons 
interested in it are too powerful to be opposed, even by the interest of the 
whole country. I mention this matter in confidence, as a knowledge of it 
might injure any future endeavors to attain the same object. 

Everything is quiet here, and will certainly remain so another year. 
Mr. Barclay left Paris a few days ago, and will be absent from France for 
some time. I shall spare no endeavors to fulfill the several objects with 
which he was charged in the best manner I can. 

I have the honour to be, with sentiments of the highest respect. 

Your Excellency's 
most obedient and most humble servant, &c., &c. 

Chr, McConnico, Mayor, to Gov. Henry in Reply. January 26th 

He had laid before the Common Hall the proposition made by the Petersburg, 
Executive with regard to the prisoners, but he was directed to return his Virginia 
Excellency their thanks for his polite attention; but they did not chuse to 
take charge of any criminals condemned to servitude, " concerning the 
expence of keeping and confining them, the risque the Town may run 
ihr'ugh their, or their associates', means more than equal to any benefit 
that can possibly be derived fi'om any labour such people will do." 


1786. W. Short to Gov'r Henry. 

January 30th Before I left Virginia I received twenty Guineas, by order of the 

Paris Executive, to procure for them a copying-press. I immediately paid this 
Order for a money into the Hands of Mr. Harrison, of Richmond, who was to have 

*^™i«^ sent me a Bill to that amount to Paris before my arrival there, 
press •' 

I have awaited that Bill in vain until a few Days ago, when it arrived. 
It is drawn at sixty Days' Sight, and, consequently, there is yet near two 
months before it becomes due. Yet as an opportunity at present offers 
for London and from thence to Virginia, I have determined to advance 
the sum received, and shall, perhaps, obtain the Favor of the same Person 
who furnishes this opportunity, to have the press made whilst in London 
and carry it with him to Richmond. If I find that this will be inconve- 
nient to him, I shall commission Colo. Forrest, merch't of London, to this 
Purpose, as London is the only Place where these presses are to be pro- 
cured in the best manner. They are not to be had at all in France, being 
forbidden to be imported by this Government. Thus your Excellency 
may count with certainty on receiving this Press soon, and I hope will not 
suppose that the delay hitherto has been occasioned by any inattention on 
my Part to the Orders of the Executive. 

At the Same Time that I take the Liberty of addressing your Excellency 
on this Subject. I beg leave also to trouble you a little farther in present- 
ing to your acquaintance the Bearer of the present Letter. It is Mr. 
Lyons, a son of the Judge of that name. He is a young Gentleman whom 
I had known at College, and of whom my good Opinion is still increased 
by the additional acquaintance I have had the Pleasure of forming with 
him here. He has spent some Time at Edinburg in the study of Ph3rsic^ 
and I think it probable will follow that Profession at Richmond. As I am 
sure your Excellency will be pleased to protect a Genius of so much merit 
Dr. Lyons as Mr. Lyons, and as I know I could not render him a more useful or 
more agreeable Service than in introducing him to your acquaintance, I 
am happy to have this opportunity of evincing my Esteem for him. I 
beg your Excellency's Pardon for having given you thb Trouble, and beg 
you to be assured of those Sentiments of Respect and attachment, with 
which I have the Honor to be 

Yous Excellency's 

most obedient and most humble Servant, &c., &c. 

Leaves for P. S. — Feb'y 6th. Mr. Lyons setts off this morning for London, and 
Virginia via ^h^ money rec'd on account of the Executive, to- wit : 20 guineas, equal at 

the Exchange at . I red'c'd it to 466 Livres, 13 Sols., is pd. to 

him, who promises to procure the Press whilst in London and to carry 
the Press with him to Virginia. 


Mfmj!^gma£wy Cmm^\ jar..- i^s^ 

Tbc DqxBEtaoc ot Wodl WartL GenL« taken Nc&my^ me. WiUUni IXivbk IM^^miv 
one ot the Josdoes ot ibe Peaces for said Co«nt>\ saiih iKaI Awne liiw iu ^^ 
the mootli of Februuy. i7$5, he thinks ihe wih I\i>\ ihenf wa* a nnw ^^-^-^SwrT 
ber oi the inhahiiants oT Montgomery County cvJIecied lo^eiher at the 
house of Wiltiani Boyd, and there vas a good deal ot^ convenmiion aUnit 
poUidL measures, the Militia J^w, the new Code, or Revba) : and that 
afterwards thb Deponent, with William Davies» EsqV. « and Colo. Arthur Anhm 
Campbdl and a few others of the inhabitants, Retirtxl out of the Ciun- t>ivi^^^^ 
pany a litde Distance, and the Convers;\tion turnM U|H>n a I^te Act ot ^^ ^ 
Ccmgress laying off new states in the western territory ; that the »*d IV- 
ponent Remembers particularly that Colo. Campbell obsentHl the meridiAU 
line pointed out by Congress ; it was uncertain where it would }>aH8 thnni^h 
our part of the country, and that it would be best to lye nuteral until we 
knew more about it, and that it would be best to keep on ^oihI termH witl\ 
the people on both sides, as it was uncertain which aide the line would 
happen. And further this Deponent saith not. 

Jacob Wray to the Governor, in Kei*kv, Kulnurtiy 

Reporting his mode of conducting his business as Collector of CuMtoms ut KiiiiiiKHiil 

He requires of the Ship masters all papers rcljiting to the cargo on 
board, manifests, bills of lading, &c. ; from these a " general nmnift^t In 
made out, to the truth of which the master is rc(|uired to make oath. 
This b compared with the no. of packages, marks, Ac, on the Invoices 
given in at the Office by the merchants, and collections thereon made ac- 
cordingly," &c., &c. 

L. WCX>D. J'n'R., i'iUiiMy 


Elndosing to the Executive, the amount ^/f damages due uuiltir Kx^^irutii/n k^j im^/it^j 

against Colo. Chas. May. Sheriff of Buckingliairi, for failure tr> aAUict fh«^ f>;lMiii#>S 

Taxes; recommending that he be releai»ed from |>ayfiK^ni ilMffe<r>f, atui tMi'j: 

endosing the testimony of John Cabell, Hickt^!>^>n Karkvlale, Iknj. M«>r- V^ip^i U^t 

ris and Joseph Cabell, S*n'r, that O>lo. May liad tef>ar<^l no eft>rt t/> 4<y a^^ntt 

his duty, but that owing to the "distressed situation *A tlkn iMtJ'^^U*. (hr<>ugh 

scardty of money/* and the destruction of much </ tJwrir uA^st/ixj) \/y tine 

in Manchester, it had bc?ea impowsUe to make the oolk^ctioos. 

K lAismdtA :f rZiTs: ? 

;^*' ar *!w?r» vwisiame jl die nan* 
'^'^'^ ^ itf :i3sert iv :tie n i friH s u: !Icaii£ lirnp^ * jl r'Tic ae aeaceL x voud 

*-?r^ V 

T.Vuw.T.^ ^^'^ ^ :su,v*r *minatR icax 

sbjnrs ^^s. z^i^d, T: be ^e zees 3' TxavxD jc 5 vSi S aeut periods, 
9&u:£ ^^=s^ «£Tx5ed by :3ac nimnr^ S^^^b ^^ ^^zsd. pr cvt^ as die 
x¥tnifgt pnce oc Toboco^ sr^oi :ae uc Jmse s> dbc oKi of t&e year 17S0. 

>et^fw«r/ CHAtiLWS Lee, * Naval OmciaL or Socth PoTovitAcxr to the 

'trt» F.XFJ LIIVL, a KEK.T. 

Ai^ifwir'u Yesterday I had the honor to recnie toot exceCeocj s letter of 

tb^ ^Ah iiHtani, respecting the maniMT in vhich I cooduc t the business of 
my (Ahc^ as to the entering of cargoes and asqertaimng the duties there- 
upon, and I take the earliest opportunitj of comphriiig with your re- 

Upon the arrival of eadi vessel, irithin thespace of fbrty-e^t hours, 
the master attends at the office and delivers his register, dearance and 
other papers rjf an c^&dal native, together with a manifest of the lading 
of this vessel, which describes the packages, their numbos, marks and 
owners, and sometimes the contents of each padcage, to which he makes 
(Mih, At the same time, or in the course of the same day, the several 
owners r>r consignees, attend with their invoices, which I examine, and 
after deducting such artides as are subject to particular duties, and ako 
the charges of packages and expenses of shipping, the duty is computed 
on the net balance of two and a half per cent To each person a bill of 
particulars shewing the duties on every artide, is given by me, and such 
|N*nH>n liccomcs bound with the master in a bond for the payment thereof, 
within six months thereafter. It sometimes happens that the owners of 


some of the goods live at a distance, and do not attend at the office with i7^- 
the master, or in the course of the same day, and in such cases their February 
goods are suffered to remain on board for the space of ten days, and if ^^ 
no account be rendered within that time, and I have reason to expect one 
will be rendered within a short time, they are brought on shore and stored, 
subject to my orders, and when the duties have been paid or secured as 
before mentioned, permission is given to the owners to receive them. 
All bonds are made payable on or before six months from the time of 
entering the vessel, though the duties happen in some instances to be 
ascertained at a time subsequent To every master of a vessel I grant 
a permit under my hand and the seal of my office, which describes what 
may be landed. Thus it appears that the value of the goods is fixed by 
invoices and accounts produced by the merchants corresponding with the 
master's manifest, but they are not sworn to by them. 

As to wine, rum and other liquors, the law points out the rule of my 
conduct ; that is to say, bogheads are computed at one hundred gallons, 
tierces at fifty gallons, and quarter casks or barrels at twenty-five gallons. 
If the liquors be in bottles, reference is made to the invoices for the con- 
tents of the packages ; so also with regard to sugar, coffee, hemp, snuff, 
cordage, salt ; reference is had to the respective invoices to know their 

The Master's oath is the rule as to the number of seamen navigating 
his vessel, and the register of the vessel is the rule as to tonnage, unless 
there be cause to suspect that the vessel is not truly tonned by the regis- 
ter, in which case she is to be measured after the manner the law directs. 

With regard to the illicit practices which the act of the last session of 
Assembly may have had in view, though I believe they have been very 
great, yet I cannot think they have been so considerable as some imag- 
ined. However, such as they have been, they ought to be prevented in 
future, and I wish it was in my power to suggest any measures by which 
they might be effectually suppressed ; but I am persuaded that, in the na- 
ture of things, it is impossible. Let any one reflect on the geography of 
this country, the political government of it, and above all on the adminis- 
tration of the laws, and I think he will be of the same opinion. Perhaps 
by imitating Great Britain with respect to the Custom House department, 
some measures might be devised that in a small degree might prohibit 
fraudulent practices, but probably they would be attended with more evil 
than good. Indeed, to collect duties on imports which are to produce a 
considerable revenue, being in my opinion incompatible with the princi- 
ples of every free Government, and particularly with our own, I have ever 
considered it impracticable, though at the same time I have ever en- 
deavoured to execute the laws relating thereto in the best manner I 
could. In Great Britain the custom house system is one of their greatest 
grievances — a source not only of private oppression, but of public ruin 
and peculation. , 



1786. I do not clearly understand what were the duties intended to be per- 

February formed by the searchers, which the act has directed to be appointed. In Eng- 

i3tn land, from whence the name seems to have been borrowed, is to 
examine what goods are shipped for exportation, on which drawbacks or 
debentures are allowed, and to grant certificates in order that these benefits 
may be obtained. Thus the interest of the merchant leads him to shew 
to the Searcher all such goods as may be entided to debenture ; and the 
office there may be of some use. 

But in this country debentures or drawbacks are not allowed in any case 
(a thing much complained of), and therefore in this point of view I do not 
know of any duties 'that are to be exercised with the office. Before the 
revolution thei*e were searchers on each river, and they were in the na- 
ture of sinecures. But I conceive it was the intention of the legislature 
that those officers should act on board the State boats, in which situation 
they might detect vessels trading against law by examining their papers, 
and if this be the meaning of the law it will be requisite to furnish them 
with the several naval office seals, though I cannot but say it appears to 
me their services will be of littie worth. The State boats may be of use 
in stopping vessels which, having offended, may attempt to fly the Com- 
monwealth in order to avoid the penalties which the law would inflict. 

With regard to the defects in our present laws, I have to observe that 
the importers, owners, or consignees of goods, should be severally re- 
quired to render an account on oath of what belongs to them ; for the 
masters of vessels do not, nor can they lawfully, in many instances, know 
the contents of the packages; and the law is against reason in requiring 
. them to give an account on oath of what never comes to their knowledge, 
and therefore the oath administered by me goes only to the packages, 
their marks, owners, &c. This defect has often been mentioned by me 
to members of the legislature, and I conceive it has been most productive 
of the illicit practices complained of. The business of informing of 
breaches of penal laws, and of suing for forfeitures, is not considered in 
the public opinion as reputable, and, therefore, no person will turn infor- 
mer, and of consequence no opportunity offers of execudng the law for 
an example to others; but this is not to be viewed as a defect in the laws 
so much as in the opinions of the people. 

If a vessel offends, so that she may be forfeited, the prosecudon is to 
be in the Court of Admiralty, where it will be conducted with very many 
inconveniences as to the process, trial and sentence. This alone might 
effectually stop prosecutions, and as I have never been satisfied with the 
propriety of confining them to the Admiralty jurisdicdon, I am led to 
think this a defect in our laws. Why might not the County Courts, within 
which the vessel lies at the time of the offence, have jurisdiction in such 

Since I received your letter I have not had time to consider the subject 
so maturely as it deserves and as I intend, in order (hat I may give all 


the satisfaction to your enquiries that I can, I have taken the liberty i736. 
freely of expressing such ideas as have occurred to me as I conceive you February 
intended I should do so. '^ 

I have the honor to be your excellency's 

most obed. and most h*ble ser't, &c., &c. 

J. Parker to the Executive in Reply. February 

Sir: 14th 

Being honored with yours of the 6th Instant, which I received only Norfolk 
to-day from the Post office, will apologize for its not being sooner Naval office 

I have heard, Sir, of the Act of the last Session of Assembly for the 
better Securing the revenue, &c., but have not yet seen it, nor am I 
acquainted with the contents of it. My opinion ever has been that 
abuses have been committed in the Trade, and that it has been much in 
the power of the officers to injure the public revenues, either by false 
reports to the Executive or the Auditors, to the first of which each quar- 
ter they are bound to convey an exact journal of their entries and clear- 
ancies, and to the latter they are to give a true statement of each vessell 
and cargoe, as well as to attest it on Oath. This has ever been done by 
me a short space after the quarter expired, as it is impossible that the 
papers can be made up to a day, or the Collections finished in a Country 
where the debtors are so much dispersed. The law obliges every master 
of a vessel to report his Cargoe in forty -eight hours after arrival, and he 
may continue thus reporting for Ten days if he does not break bulk, but 
if he enters his vessell he is to produce a manifest of his Cargoe on Oath, 
describing each package by mark, and if he has the Invoices of the whole 
correspondent with the marks, and satisfactory to the Officer, the duty is 
specifyed and bond with security taken, payable in six months ; but if 
the master cannot produce the original Invoices, or give satisfaction of 
the Value to the Officer, he takes what the law calls a Band in Gross to 
the follcwing effect^ (taking care that the penalty is enough): 

Whereas, the above bound A. B. hath Imported from , in the 

Ship , certain dutiable goods p'r Manifest of the Cargoe ren- 
dered :— Now if the Said shall produce the original Invoice or 

Invoices of the Whole of the said Cargoe, or three Copies thereof on 
Oath, and pay the duties thereon, according to Law, within six months 
from the date hereof, then the above obligation to be void, or else, &c., &c. 

But should the master of any vessell neglect to comply with the law by 
not conforming in Ten days, the naval officer then has power to go on 
board such vessell and bring on shore any articles liable to a duty, and sell 
the same after giving Two weeks* notice in the Gazette of such sale. 

With respect to outward entries, copies of them are allso laid before the 
Executive and a statement to the Auditors of the Hospital Money and the 


rr^ 'Vnnatg^ vhich !■ fcserailT^ paid ir "ii'arHHTr . mii ^ iKie ate no duties 

i««^r!Uiry /Ml 'vir ^xonra. x ii ^^v ir.Tw a r y ±ar die Tianniam 'if T*3baixa sbookl 

^''** ?v? ra^sauMft in office js i "hmr tq "ixe Inaiesam flf Tii?aoDO. «{ii> receive 

HitiierTn x aaa ^ussi 3x7 ipinum ±ac i jmj b hJI Tiairmg a. s£5c enxy only 
nbiecsed aer auflosr :n * poaitr 11" ^'jcc. irnct. i -{«=xaaily knovn. 
vooid aa9'» prviucsd sany iuae -atrtes. is die innes m some ^oxps ha:vc 
aamanoed t> 7f*hie diar inm. i:r -vtncii rvaacn l la^i^ -^ic bees caotioas 
•^y speaicm^ oa ±ac fiii»ecr ox pnhiick. and !xa9e jdv i a e d Cammodore 
Barrna 39 be an, aa vd 19 nrswf; ::iic. x t^iit EjccaLeaDor cniwrnihe rs. in 
the Sununer xamna ci 17^^ E fiii£2>-sed ±15 Tranrr jq yna and some of 
die frairfiny oaembera ui die AsKsxhiy. TTtfi -^tfter remarks on d>e bosi- 
SKsa. expecting die macssr vcixld ha^e leex z'-seraily nkea op. The late 
act I am tuid. has vkhierspti die 7«=saeil ind or^-e 33 ir'^iire and con- 
detnnaritjn, It so. [ dnnk a scat fffncioysd ±r tsidi River azad a Barge 
ac diis p(ace viH be anifxrienr yi cfxeck any auun^I ing cnac may be geoe- 
rally atzenpced and irJl in me end pay die expesiss of due c3fEird Boats 
and Barge, as I presome oat-balf w-iL ^ :a dxe ComiiitmwyalTfi. vhidi 
may be applyed to dxe paymesz of die crews. I v'aimiT t believe that oxany 
fraadi bave been committed in EILzacedi River. Tbe Britsn ships all 
prodoce ciieir Cockecs. irom wnich dxeir oanfiiisscs are abscraccedL and as 
diere is not an artzde expiorted dnnn Britun hoc emer r eue i^^ e s a revard 
oc payn a doty on exportacoc die «3g:cer. ':£ c^ierabtr acqoaxnted with 
$(Ooda, may be very near the value of the CirToe. 

The ezpor3 of oar own vessels are so weC kcown tbat Ecde are to be 
apipcehesvied firom them, and it any injury has been done the revenue, it 
has been by vesaeOs mning op the cE&rent Rivers withoot entering^ at 
an ; and while the office remained abijve oewport news they had every 
£kvr>cxrable opportunity of evading an entry : as if they were cangfat above 
tbereezcoftc was they meaned to enter at \\*illiamsbarg. The Port Bill will 
take place in Jone, and I conceive then that evey Foreign vessell for EJiz- 
abeth, Nancemood or James River most enter here. If so, I am of opin- 
ton that one good, armed PUot Boat and barge, under the direction of the 
rAfictr ^woaM efiect as £»- as it is possible under the present Iaw)any cap- 
ital neglect of entreis. To appoint searchers tor such a number of ves- 
mUs would cost more than the revenues would nett, as the dispersed situ- 
ation of our commerce would employ as many men as there are vessels 
employed in the Trade, and men of their characters in general, if we are 
to attend to the examples of other Countries, will serve them who pay 
them most. 

If, Sir, we had only one port of delivery and ^ublick warehouses, the 
duties, then, might be well secured by obliging each vessdl at EIntry to 
pay down the money, or deposit as much goods as would pay the duties, 
which, if not redeemed in a few months, should be sold to the highest 
bidder. Then, Sir, a few searches might be necessary to see to the marks 
and numbers of each package and compare his accounts with the 



books of office once a week or oftener. It b a general report that great 
frauds are practiced on and committed in the Customs. The report 
is now sanctfyed by law, from the Tide of the one your Excellency has 
done me the honor to send. It never has been my opinion that the 
abuses have been as great as reported, but must suppose there are some ; 
therefore agree with the multitude, as they must with me, " that it is easier 
to find iault than to remedy." If any hints of mine can check the evil I 
shall be happy, as I love my Country as I do myself, and mean to be in 
Richmond in a few days, when I will, if required, have the honor to ex- 
plain everything I know with respect to the Trade and customs. With 
this I do myself the honor of enclosing the Journal of entries and clear- 
ances for the last quarter, which, in number, has exceeded any heretofore. 
These would have been sent before, but when your Express brought the 
laws laying additional Tonnage on British vessells, I was at Isle of Wyght 
Court My dutifull respects and compliments await your honorable 
Board, and do myself pleasure in subscribing 

. Your faithfuU and obedient servant, &c., &c. 




General Account Current 

Of the United States with the Virginia line. Signed by Andrew Dun- 
scomb. Much mutilated. 


The Deposition of Robert Preston, 

of lawful age, and taken in behalf of the Commonwealth Virginia, respect- 
ii^ sundry charges exhibited against Arthur Campbell, deposeth and 
sayeth that the following is a true copy, in part, of a letter from Arthur 
Campbell to thb deponent, and offered in support of the s'd charges 
which followeth : I supose you have heard of the plan on foot in the 
County to take the sense of the People on the present situation of affairs. 
As bur as my views now extends, it is mearly to state grievances and re- 
commend what may be thought best to preserve the inhabitants from ruin ; 
indeed, I want to rouse them to examine into their situation and to pre- 
pare to discharge all just claims against them. As to the present situa- 
tion of Taxation, I do do not like it, nor can it last long. Money must be 
obtained by another mode; that is, tax luxuries, vices, and superfluities. 

We pay no small sum this year to treasury, as the duty and imports 

00 foreign articles, you know, is always paid by the consumers, and that 
oat here at a very advanced price. Our salt has cost us at least a Dollar 
p'r Bushdl, on account of the Duty ; this, in part, may answer an objec- 
tion that we pay nothing. I think we pay a great deal, as all our money, 
as £ist as we can get it, goes to the Eastward. It is the business of Leg- 
islatures to find oat means to get the proportion necessary to supply the 




1786. Public treasury. If you like the mode proposed, I shall entreat you will 
February futther the meedng^ of the People early the Tuesday morning at the next 
^3d Court, at the ebbing spring meeting-house, intended sinking Spring. One 
thing, I think, ought at least to be adopted : either a recommendation for 
the Court not to do business, or that the Sheriff desist from his purpose of 
collecting, as ruin, mobs, and anarchy must be the consequence if some- 
thing is not done to save the People. Dated 7th Sept, I785. 

This Deponent further sayeth that s'd CampbeU, not being on the Bench, 
endeavoured by many arguments to prevent the field Offices from swear- 
ing into their Commissions, as he thought the Militia law oppressive, and 
insisted that the Court should not permit them to be sworn into their 
Commissions at that time, as the said law was an infringement of the Con- 
stitution of Virginia. 
Sworn to before us the 23d Feb'y, 1786, as witness our hands and Seals* 




For the year 1783. praying for relief from " Damages and Interest '* im- 
posed on him for failure to account for the Taxes of that year. He rep- 
resents to the Governor and Council tl»t the scarcity of money had been 
the cause of his derilection. The most vigorous efforts had been made 
by himself and deputies ; seizures of property had been made, and days 
appointed for the sale of the same, but " nobody would purchase.' ' * -That 
many of the most punctual, formerly, were now deficient for want of 
money." Since that time, however, he had succeeded in making up the 
deficiency, and prays the damages and costs be remitted to him, &c. 


in case of 


The Deposition of Samuel Meek, 

Of lawful! age, taken in behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, re- 
specting sundry charges exhibited against Arthur Campbell : 

Sayeth, That Arthur Campbell left the bench on a day the Court was 
sitting, at the time the Commissions for the Field officers was presented 
to the Court, and told the Court That the Governor and Council had no 
rite to Issue them Commissions at that time, And that he endeavored to 
persuade the Court to postpone Swaring in the officers to the next Court. 
Sworn to before us. 





The Deposition of Wm. Cauley, 

Of Lawful! age, taken in behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, re- 
specting certain charges against Arthur Campbell : 

Sayeth as foUoweth : Being asked if he knew of Arthur Campbell ad- 
dressing people chargeable with publick taxes to refuse Payment thereof, 
He answered, not to his knowledge. * * * * 




Deposition of John Jameson 

On the same subject, proving the petition to Congress to have been drawn 
by Arthur Campbell looking to the dismemberment of the State. 


The Deposition of Joseph Cole, 

Of lawfull age, taken in behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, respect- 
ing sundry charges exhibited against Arthur Campbell : 

Sayeth, that some time in Jan*y, or Feb'y, 1785, he was in conversation 
with Col. Arthur Campbell and Joseph Snodgrass. There was mention 
made of the sherifl's swearing in to Collect the taxes, when Col. Camp- 
bell said they were prity fellows to send here for taxes ; but he would call 
a Committee and prevent the paying of taxes till such times as they would 
pay what they were endue us, or endue to the County, or words to that 

This Deponent further sayeth, that when the Governor's proclamation 
was produced to the Court of Washington, Colo. Campbell objected 
against it, and said the Court had no right to pay any regard to it, and 
that the Governor had no right to issue such a proclamation. 

Sworn to before us the 23d day of Feb'y, 1786, as Witness our hands 
and Seals. 

. JOHN KINKEAD, [Seal.] 




Record of the Trial and Conviction of John Price Posey, March 3d 

Of New Kent Co., for misdemeanor, in defrauding Bartholomew Dan- Eastern 

dridge, &c., with certificate of Richard Evins, acknowledging his having Ncmhamo- 

destroyed "in a passion'' the Arbitration Bond given by said Posey to ton county 
Dandiidge, &c. 




Deposition of Benjamin John, 

March 6th Taken by order of the Executive, Dec. 13, 1785 : 

WashinRton That he never heard Colo. Arthur Campbell advise any person against 
county paying the public Tax; and 

Deposition of Francis Beatie. 

That he never heard Col. Arthur Campbell advise any person against 
paying the publick Tax, but that it was not best to make return of the 
Taxable property— them words, or words to that import. 

Sworn to before me. 


Also, Deposition of Rev. Thomas Woolsey, 

That he never heard Colo. Arthur Campbell advise any person to 
refuse payment of the public tax ; but that sometime in the Summer of 
1785 he heard s'd Campbell advise in public for the people to give in their 
Returns for public Tax — that he heard said Campbell say he thought it 
would be best to have a new State, if it could be obtained in the West 
Side of the Alligany mountains, by petitioning the Assembly of Virginia 
and by applying to Congress, and that in a legal manner. 




Riclimond Your Excellency has called upon me to define the duty of searchers. 

As a lawyer I cannot, because the rules of construction which prevail in 
our profession throw no light on the term. 

This word is unknown at the common law. It is also a stranger to 
every british Statute, until the 12 Car. 2, as far as I can discover. It is 
an alien too to our own laws, except in the instances of searching for 
certain improper tobacco and papists' arms, and in the Act now before 

Declines an me. As governed by legal principles, I therefore cannot explain the 
opinion jyjy Qf seachers. I am the more reluctant to hazard any opinion con- 
cerning the intention of the legislature, because the execution of the 
office, as it was known under the regal government, was full of violence, 
and would be now of great danger to the fortune of the officer. How 
far it may be expedient on the one hand, or candid on the other, to 
appoint seachers, leaving them to divine their own powers, at their own 
peril, I shall not presume to suggest advice. 


The inclosed resolution will not, I conceive, justify the officers of the 
State boats in breaking up a cargo by way of search, unless they should 
meet with contraband property. 

I have the honor. Sir, to be, with great respect, 

Y'r Excellency's mo. ob. Serv., &c., &c. 



Elliott Sturman to the Governor in Reply, 

March 9th 

Giving report as to how he conducted the business of his office as Col- Urbanna 
lector of Customs. He adopts the same plan followed other offigers, al- 
ready recorded. The Act of Assembly appointing Searchers " would be . 
productive of the best consequences, if the Searchers are strict in their 
duty, and the men of known Integrity." Expresses great concern that 
his former communication had not been received, in as much as it had the 
appearance of "negligence and disrespect;" but "as the post is a Negro," 
he had not " fowarded a copy for certainty." 

John F. Mercer to Gov. Henry. March 9th 

Dear Sir: 

A copy of the Virginia Act, confirming the compact between that AnnapoHi 
State and Maryland, has not yet come to hand here. It had passed and 
was engrossed before I left Richmond. The Resolutions also respecting 
a mutual Convention had passed the House of Delegates, and are binding 
now, unless the Senate have rejected them. I feel myself under delicate 
drcumstances respecting this matter, as the Legislature pf this State hur- 
ried their acts thro' to put them in my charge. I therefore beg leave to 
request your Excellency's attention to them, and that you would transmit 
them both, if passed, and if not, inform me of the cause of their failure 
with our Legislature. 

With very sincere respect, I am 

YV Excell'y mo. ob. ser't, &c., &c. 

Deposition of Andrew Cowan, 
Sworn to before David Ward, magistrate of s'd County : 

March loth 

That at the March Court in 1785, in Mrs. Smith's Tavern, at Abingdon, Washington 
your deponent heard some persons ask Colo. Arthur Campbell who we county 
would send Delegates for the present year. Colo. Arthur Campbell (after Depositions 
some other Discourse) told the persons who asked the question that it 
was best to send none. Also of 





James Kincannon. 

State of 

March lotb Your deponent, some time in the Spring of 1785, being in company 
with Andrew Kincanon at Major Dysart's house, Colo. Arthur Campbell, 
John Campbell, Mr. Charles Cummins, Robt. Craig and Thomas CaldweU 
being also at the same place, and after some Discourse between Colo. 
Campbell and Andrew Kincanon about the State of Franklin, said Kin- 
canon asked s'd Campbell if No. Carolina would send men to Dispossess 
the Franklin people for their Proceedings, if he would assert them (the s'd 
people of Franklin). He, the s'd Campbell, answered, by all means we 
ought all to do it. And your deponent saith further saith not Also of 

Wm. Crabtree. 

That some time in the year 1784, being in Company with Arthur Camp- 
bell, and discussing about the sheriff in Montgomery selling Horses taken 
by Execution at a law value, Arthur Campbell, addressing himself to the 
deponent, said : don't you let or suffer any Sheriff to take or sell any of 
your Property on any account, but Rather apply to your musquets for Re- 
dress, and I will Protect you. Also 

Deposition of Arthur Bowen. 

Sworn, &c., &c. That on the 12th Day of Feb'y, 1785, at the house of 
Wm. CoUey, in Washington County, your deponent attended, with his 
company of militia, by order of Colo. Campbell, where he spake to a con- 
siderable number of inhabitants in a public manner, and told them he had 
called them togather to make known to them of a great sum of Money 
paid by the people of this County to the government of Virginia, which 

tSatkm^&c ^^ ^'^ amounted* to about Two Million of money over and above our pro- 
portion due to government. Colo. Campbell said he was alarm'd to hear 
that Taxes were to be demanded of the people of this county, and it was 
certainly so, as the sheriff had given security for the collection. Your de- 
ponent remembers that Gen'l Russell told the people that Colo. Camp- 
bell's information was rong, and designed to mislead them and set them 
against government. Gen'l Russell further said they ought to pay the 
half Tax now called for, and he thought the arears would be forgiven- 
Col. Campbell then said, the gendeman Preaches up passive obedience and 
non-resistance. Gen'l Russell then told the people that the Sheriff would 
take Beef Cattle at reasonable prices, to be valued by persons in each 
neighborhood. Some of the company said they would take up arms be- 
fore they would pay the Tax. Colo. Campbell said he lik'd such men who 
would take up arms to oppose so unjust a Tax. Then Colo. Campbell and 

Huzzas for his party draw'd themselves of from the house and cryed husza for Lib- 

"oerty ^^^ At July Court, 1785, Arthur Campbell cape of the bench and en- 

deavour'd to hinder the qualifycadons of the field officers then attending, 

and sed they ought not to pay any regard to that proclamation, for, having 




resistance to 


suspended the law, they had no right to inforce it that time. Colo. Camp- 17S6. 
bdl then observed to the Court that the power of inforcing the law, or not, March loth 
was in them, and not in the Executive. And further your deponent sayth 
not Also the 

Deposition of William Russell, 

Substantiating the above, but deposing further that Colo. Campbell, at the 
same time and place, proposed that all pr^ent "in favour of his measures 
should chuse a committee, and with these he retired some distance from Committee 
Colley's yard." He had attended another meeting of the people at Major 
James D3rsart's, on the 14th same month, when the same statements had 
been made by Colo. Campbell, and the like replies made by himself in an- 
swer to Colo. Campbell. Again on the 15th inst, being February Court 
day, people from all parts being present, Colo. Campbell had addressed a 
committee, repeating the same statements and complaints in r^^d to the 
collection of Taxes, condemning the laws generally, especially the militia 
law, and censuring " the assembly for breaking up disorderly, thereby 
neglecting and leaving unfinished the bill for recovery of British debts." 
He, Russell, then took occasion to reply to Campbell's erronious state- 
ments as mere inferences, and reminded him that his course tended to in- Conse- 
flame the good people of this county against government ; that our re- 2!amD^lPs 
fiisal to pay taxes led to a rebellion, in which predicament we must subju- course 
gate Virginia and the United States ; for, if necessary, the United States 
must assist Virginia to bring us to obedience." 

Campbell then told the people "they need not be alarmed, that we could 
obtain, at any time, sufficient assistance." Your deponent then withdrew 
from Colonel Campbell and his committee. 

He continues: "At July Court, in '85, your deponent attended, with 
the Governor's proclamation and other official papers from the Executive, 
to enforce the militia law. After the proclamation was read by the sheriff, 
at the courthouse dore, your deponent, with the field officers, waited on 
the Court, Colo. Campbell on the bench and judge of the Court, and told Colonel 
CoL Arthur Campbell that your deponent, with several others, attended to ^^^Jlf 
qualify to field officers' commissions. Colonel Campbell then required the enforce- 
authority for it Your deponent handed Col. Campbell the proclamation, miHtia law 
and also told him your deponent had the official papers. 

Colonel Campbdl refused that the officers should qualify — said he wood 
not tamely submit to it so, and left the bench, and on the flore addressed 
the Court He said the militia law was tyranical and oppressive, and 
recommended to all present to p>ay no regard to it. He said the Gover- 
nor and Coundl had exceeded their powers — that the Executive having 
once suspended the law 'till the January following, had not power to 
enforce it at that time. Colonel Arthur Campbell then told the Court that Defys the 
the power of enforcing the law or not was in the Court, and not in the Executive 
Executive — that the Governor's proclamation was no law. Your depo- 
nent then observed that it contained sufficient power to enforce the militia 


1786. Certificate of Andr. Cowan and David Ward, Under their 

Hand and Seal. 

March loih That the within Letter was produc'd to them as " Testimony Relative 
to charges Exhibited against Col. Campbell (by Col. Edmiston), and 
received by Mr. John Edmiston agreeable to the Date: 

Goodwood, Aug. 26th, 1785. 
Dear Sir: 

After a long conversation with my old friend, your brother, 
yesterday, I am not without hopes that we will be reconciled and good 
friends again. What I most wonder at is, that a man of his understand- 
ing and experience should persist in an opinion that is reprobated by 
Congress, by many of the most intelligent and disinterested men in Vir- 
ginia ; by Kentucky almost unanimously — I mean that of not having the 
Western Country separated from Virginia. But somehow, unfortunately 
for him, he has lately got his .information through a false medium — I 
mean Colo. Russell and Jemmy Thompson ; none of whom, you know, is 
famed for veracity, and they, Jesuitical enough, observing his temper, has 
grossly imposed upon him. This is certain, that to pretend to be a good 
politician requires a great deal of reading and observation, and to be fited 
for to be a good Citizen of a free Country, one must have a good deal of 
knowledge and a proper stock of virtuous dispositions — in short, he 
ought to let his passions and interests always give way to the general 
good. Now if our late tax laws, our militia law, indeed almost every law 
of late made in Virginia don't prove that instead of promoting our free- 
dom and prosperity they have direct opposite tendency, then I confess I 
am no judge — that then a defect must be somewhere, either in the 
government or the administration of it. I am afraid, on a critical Exami- 
nation, great defects would be found in both. Congress, that Body who 
hitherto has so wisely acted as guardian for the whole, seeing the defects, 
proposed the scheme of limiting each State to a limited extent, so that the 
component parts of the Empire might be nearer on a footing of equality, 
and consequendy perpetuate good will and reciprocal benefits. Now, 
behold ! the opposite scheme of politics would deprive us of all these 
advantages and introduce an aristocracy, and all the hideous train of evik 
that never fails to accompany that species of government. 

It is extremely unfortunate that many well-meaning and valuable men 
in America, who remained unshaken during the severest trials, at the end 
of the war, lost sight of the object they were contending for, or perhaps 
they had no object in view at all ; and so of course now, for them, all 
might be lost or run into wild disorder. 

On reflection, my good friend, you will perceive that because we were 
provoked and jusdy angry with England, that was not the object we 
fought for. Anger and hatred ceases when the cause that excited it is re- 
moved. But our aim was to be able to leave a noble bequest to our sons, 


a rq)ub]ican or iSree government. These are the laws, the statutes and 1786. 
commandments, that the God of heaven by wonderful means have brought March loth 
within our reach, and we must be doubly accursed if we cast them behind 
our backs. Our sons will then have occasion wofuUy to bewail the igno- 
rance, prejudice and faint-heartedness of their fathers, without ever having 
it in their power to retrieve what their fathers have lost. To give you a 
better idea of my reasoning, I will endeavour to explain in a few words 
the nature of three kinds of government : 

1. Monarchy is the rule of one Man, and its principle is to aggrandize 
and bestow benefits on that individual alone. 

2. Aristocracy is the government of a few, no matter whether they as- 
sume the title of my Lord, General, or what not If they usurp all power 
to themselves the evil is the same. Now, this kind of government has for 
its object the aggrandizement of the few, no matter whether vicious or not, 
and the money must sink in time to an abject, depraved state. 

3. Democracy or republican government is a government of the People; 
their happiness is its object, and its spirit is equality and virtue. In small 
societies or States in this kind of government, the whole body of the people 
may assemble, l^islate, and their mind thus expressed is sufficient from a 
virtuous principle for every man to be a fulfiler or executor of the law. 
But in large communities men must betake themselves to representation, 
and entrust their concerns to a certain number freely elected. 

This last kind of government is the kind America has adopted. Your 
own reflections will point out how much it is preferable to any of the 
others, and how much all is bound by the most sacred ties to transmit it 
pure to after generations. 

I have thus been particular that you might, at your leisure hours, read 
and ponder these matters well. It falls but to the lot of few to have learn- 
ing and capacity to do public business right ; but all may, with some dili- 
gence and honesty, be capable of judging whether it is done right or not 
That is, to compare whether the acts are conformable to fundamental 
principles, which are always expressed in the Constitutions. Added to 
what I say, do try to get the Constitutions of all the States as printed in 
Philadelphia, for in Virginia the printers is sometimes made instrumental 
to misprint in order to cheat the people of constitutional right. Also, get 
Dr. Price's observations on civil liberty, together with all the writings of 
Mr. Paine. There will be a sufficient library for a farmer, and they will 
cost but a trifle. It is a great thing for every freeman to learn justly to 
judge aright for himself. 

I am, dear Sir, with lasting regard, 

Your cordial friend and very humble servant, 

To Mr. John Edmundson, S'n'r. 

Col. Campbell, after finding the court disposed to attend to the orders 
of the Executive, then urged that the court might refuse to admit the 


^.r.i^Cj^^^r, \}' ?A.*'l:^ 

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c. ' .: y ^ /.'. :^ . «ii£.i:^ . ,<^ c «:*gi«a>'-u«ii: aOU ttmacr Tosr oeuoiKn: 


i ^■B/».?«.«> « I. •FiM' 

'.';»' 'Wi 

;■ v.* 

; ... i.4«i.:..^. ...<i ^ ^:«' ;r r <«4^i s«n*i|: «»iiC Kiciitiiinid wttti * Xuis smd 
'^i!.- J I'w:.^.. ^//.K'. **j '^i»i;^ul«i' ttia: pM<^: ' ht tfKv diam' uack bdanr 
•^i • /p>jj»;*.o. Ji ^:i ]»\€>jf\4^,^ t t.*«x/ <t4r alivNMrt M rim tilt GrwodEiEiierc 
^Xi.'i.c }/'') i.-^. \i.*- ^u'.l'^- «^ ««v«u;atM«ti«v*i- M^ t'lM: m^^lioD mO vssod to 

"/i. f:iC-'* ix:.z^*:i I .vc^ ^w 'W' ft^^«tr- !&ft ^ie^^mtj oif having a 

.^' li'y' • i ^' ^Li'.i^.^^^ 4j^ v^'^ViU/ 4^. ik^.i4KiCiAi4, «1^i diould board all 

V'- -ly'p- "'^''"'-^ //<<''7c '*^4 ^^^ ti^m it wiii^^t fif:tnuu agreeable to 

J I- ii 

1 1. 1.I., ...i 111' ii'ih^\n\.^,.itiuiii\3 wudiii 1I4U 4il ill |iaill(tim'iU for adjusting the 

• i.iitii . m| (ill ;'^iii( ti< ut huUciu:>, ici|ui::>icil luc Ui HHiaiHt theui in procuring 
.iiiili* hiii. «I"« iiiii< itin h'liii Uiib buic, ul ihc luJtMsta by confiscation, &c.» that 
iIk > iii.ty lit (lit lii.iuii (liablcd lu du diuplc Ju.stioc to the real sufferers 

• 111 iIm iiic h.thii, .(111 I ( ail lidudulcai cUiui:! ou the other. la conse- 

• |iiritt< tif ilir .ibuvi: ict |uitiiihiii, 1 K«ivc ^icvci'<d tliucs applied to the Au- 
ili(«'i, wliti .iKv.iyM luuik: .ill (jiijuuikiii Lo ihc furnishing uie with a list of 
t Miilr^i .tiiiiiis itiiilU hi blitiuld U: iliicclcd by the Executive to do so. 

II il .lUuiilil .i)i|K-.u III \Ktin Lvycllcucy thai ihcre is no impropriety in 
my obt.iiniiiL; .*>ui h a ^^'I'V. I UmubJy l>c>; thai youi blxceilency may permit 
ifu* Auililiii til li.iW Miu- mil ^ui soon <Uk it c*uk l>c doue without im*- 
luiUai; llu uiou- liu^Kiil.iUl liii.'nua-ci^i v>i Wm olhcc. 
I .lilt, uilh i;ic,il u^pcvU 

Vuuv MvccUeucy's luosl h'bL Scrvaut, &c., Cic. 

I M '■ '\, .'vi* -.M-:'.! .:.v'. .-^.i.lLj, ( tiu'w .iw .\ >./cMUAU*ue«± ac ^uiklug 

V ■ :. 1 ?' 

T&C LllEEflSSnWK Jtf- 'Aitt«S:>M,^**ifcM«W6**^^ 'iM^wi- ^^, 

irmsL di» iT^mnc^ inlicl te suit. *t«wt 4W»«ss K ^w^fHi^O; i«< shs4 .^^ >*Vi*^ >'^H V - ' 

akK site iitt ITca. Ibv «»: 'M^m; «i«J! it, '-h^ ./(Mhi/i^. jihK^K Vs >A >4 >iv/^ 
jfef inife mmL ihrr ^wr nuiiit jiMti^iHftt i»A«^ .iK**^; i^/i**?^ %*wv ^t^xs^ 
joif in jifi- isimim :&i5^ urt^n: ;*^v£ l»<i«t >ai?iAi< 4^^^. >K S:^*^^* >^ \u;- 
» Abe* iwr? imA Ji J^&<!';ntK>r >v^»*\q '4?^ V.:i^i<N\^ ^h)^ Wva^i^ 
•ac OK SaosL jmS *iti: ^MV!$inia4i^>i<^ ¥Wk><<w^' -^iIKj^ V>*t:\ VnVs*! ^Svk 

GaiieniiDcnt — diat hb nuin i^hjort >h*a Kx Ki^i a \w^ ^VsH\ ^\A \^^\ 

they might as w«U uinkfUkt^ K^ «uhi\^^U^ \\s^ >Smiv^ \M V^V^^^U *^ \s\ 

revise the payment ol Taxt«: jivr the i\^\»i%jwuv>ii ^^^^^^^ tn^ \\sM V^^^^^ 

would subjugate them, Ami« in tM^M^ th«>v v^v^lt) \\\\\ aHx^^ \\\\i \s\s^s^ v\( \\\s^ 

United States would be callctl on« dm) iNi\Uivm«H) \\\m\\\ \\\ \is\^\i H^y: \\w\\ 

they conducted themselves in attem|Minu lu \pM\ f^u^iim ihw Uy^^ \\\ \\\m 

State, and adding much more to the Mine purpotii: willullv^y^ \\\\ 

Campbell got up and addresHM the CimirMmnfiiui t'lMHinUI^^^^, l^lhMii \\\\i\\\ 

he hoped they would not he Allttimeil ttl ihe IVlMM ih^: MlllMM- M^JH'I »»fHmlnir?» 

had thrown out, for he cuuld Aimure ihttin ihertj wii^ mm »|4Mhm> |hOM flHf IH'M .Iv 

quarter. They would get OMMiNtaiictt ttHoii||li, is^|iM(44lly IMOM \U^ Nnfflr MIHill^ 

em States, for they were grofiniiig uiidoi iUf^U \Hm\m\f^f 4f»f| WlnUhi^ iHf 

some way to extricate themKelv<si, ami (hul il»«< i itiHi't* 4n^^ JH*- 4M^f f^l><>j H^^\^ 

to passive Obedience and fum'nmku^iiiiitf wUUU ^4^ ^^ nhti ^h ^W \)U^^\^ 

of freemen—^ State be bo|>«sd fy^tn Utt^t^ Uh^( Im Mm Im- t^HHM ^/a-va;^ > >.'^i/f.'/'.»[j// 

diink to live happy uiKkr muM n iMiV*tmm^, h*h 4U^ m J^a-^^^a/-- Mv lA^f^A- ^f;? ^^v'/^^'/;^'! n; 

diildren under Mfcb G^^ummiiU^ Ui^ imi, h^ k^i M^*fc> ^^/ wW k^ nf^nWh 

lost the bit drop <in»w i>kMt 


1786. This deponent farther sayeth, that at March G>urt, 1785, going into 

March 14th Smith's tavern, found Colo. Campbell standing with a number of People 
round him, and he was speaking very disrespectful! of the &11 Assembly 
1784, saying that they had made the laws partial, and that he made no 
doubt but they intended to brake the Constitution, as they had made 
large strides upon it the last session. And he made no doubt but the 
Government would be chainged into Monarchy or Aristocracy in a short 
time, and in his opinion they ought to send no members to Assembly this 

The deponent then asked him what he meant by such propositions, or 
what did he think the Assembly of Virginia would think of us if we sent no 
members ; would it not be plainly saying that we did not wish to be any 
longer a member of that Community? Col. Campbell said that was 
plainly what he did mean. 
Resistance This deponent further sayeth, that at July Court, 1785, after the Gov- 
A?.^^® emor's proclamation was read at the Court house door, Gen'l Russell 
informed the Court that himself with several others had field officers' com- 
missions and was ready to qualify. Colo. Campbell, being on the Bench 
and Judge of the Court, ask'd to see the Commissions and proclamation, 
which he did, and then said he could not admit them, as he looked upon 
the Governor's proclamation Illegal, as he had suspended the opperration of 
the militia law till Jan'y, 1786, upon the western waters, he had not a right 
to take of that suspension. Leaving the bench, came to the floor and 
endeavoured to persuade the Court that they need not pay any regard to 
the Governor's Proclamation, for the enforcing of laws was in them and 
not in the Executive. Gen'l Russell then told the Court that if they chose 
to pay rhore regard to Col. Campbell than to the Governor and Council^ 
he wish'd to know it, for if they did not permit them to qualify he would 
be under the necessity to make Report. Col. Campbell ask'd what was the 
Governor and Council? they were no more than an individual ; he call'd 
them so for the were no more than an individual of the State. And fur- 
ther saith not. 

March 14th DEPOSITION OF Alex'r Barrett, 

In behalf of the Commonwealth of Va., respecting charges against Ar- 
thur Campbell. Sworn to before Alex. Montgomery : 

This deponent deposeth and sayeth, That at the Sinking Creek Meet- 
ing-house, in 1785, At a time there was a Committee siting, He heard 
Arthur Campbell Discourage the people from paying of Taxes, by point- 
ing out to them that they had no rite to pay Till the money was accounted 
for that the people had paid respecting their lands ; for the State was more 
indebted to the County than the County was to the State, and Suited the 
acts of Assembly, that had not yet come to hand, and termed them partial* 
by what he understood of them. 


Deposition of Andrew Kincannon, March 14th 

In behalf of the Commonwealth, &a, against Arthur Campbell. Sworn 
to bdbre Alex'r Montgomery : 


This deponent deposeth and sayeth, That some time in March or Ap'I, 
1785, he heard Arthur Campbell say that it was necessary that the people 
on the western waters should be separated from the State of Virginia, and 
that it would be most convenient for them to Join the State of Franklin ; 
That it would come under the latitude of the bounds as described by Con- 
gress, and that the sooner the better, or we need not expect to share equal 
advantages with them. And this deponent further sayeth. That Conver- 
sing with Arthur Campbell about the affairs of the State of Franklin, s'd 
Campbell allowed the went on Rashly, and that he did not approve of their 
scheme of doing business before the had some information from Congress. 
The deponent further sayeth, that conversing with the said Campbell at ' 
another time, he asked him in case the State of North Carolina would 
send a force against the state of Franklin, to bring them to subjection to 
their former Government, if he would be willing to aid the people of 
Franklin State, s*d Campbell answered that we ought, by all means, if we 
expected to share with them in the advantages of their Government. 
And further sayeth not 

Samp. Mathews in a letter to Mr. Arch'd Blair, March 15th 

Remarks " I have have also Inclos'd a Card from the Sons of St. Patrick." Richmond 

Capt. John Peyton to Gov'r Henry. March iSth 


Agreeable to your Excellency's orders of ye 4th Inst, I have ex- Point of 

amined into the State of the Public Ordnance at the different places ^^""^ 

where they are lodged, and find them conditioned as specified in the 

Inclosed returns. I have also made every inquiry in my power (not 

being able to Judge myself) to ascertain the expence of moving them to 

the places allotted, and putting them on Carriages. I am informed that 

it cannot be done for a Less sum than as stated at the bottom of the 


I am, Sir, 

YV mo. ob. Serv't. 

According to the Return referred to, there were at Point of Fork — 
Brass pieces, i 16-inch mortar, 3 24-pounders, and 2 i6-pounders. 

At Richmond — Brass, i 16-inch mortar, 2 24-pounders; Iron, good, 
3 i8-pounders, 4 3'pounders, 3 swivels; damaged, 6 12-pounders, 6 
9-pounders, 4 6-pounders. 



1786. At Westham — Iron, good, 3 i8-pounders; damaged, 6 9-pounders, 6 

March i8th 6-pounders. 

At Chickahominy Ship-Yard — Iron, good, 2 spiked i8-pounders. 

At Diascand Bridge — Iron, good, 3 i8-pounders and 5 swivels; dam- 
aged, 6 6-pounders and 5 4-pounders. 

At * Cumberland Town, in the River — Brass, i i8-pounder. 

In Nansemond County, Maj. Godwin's Landing — Iron, good, 12 
1 8- pounders, 4 12-pounders. 

At Meade's Mill, 2 miles above Suffolk — Iron, good, 3 18-pounders, 
2 12-pounders, spiked. 

At Scott's Mill, on the road eight miles above Godwin's Land'g — Iron, 
good, I i8-pounder. 

Hood's — Iron, good, i i8-pounder, spiked. 

At Hanover C't House — Brass, i i8-pounder, sawed, unfit for service. 

At fTaylor's Ferry— Brass, 5 i8-pounders; Iron, good, 3 i2-pounder5, 
. spiked. 

One mile of Richmond, on the road to Westham and H. C. House — 
Iron, good, 3 i8-pounders. 

At New Castle — Iron, good, i i8-pounder. 

Total number of Brass guns of all calibres, &c., 16 ; of Iron guns, of 
all calibres, &c., 96; grand total of all kinds, 112 pieces. 

Estiniated expence of moving the Ordnance and fixing them on Car- 

To moving 22 Eighteen and twelve-pounders from Nanse- 
mond to Norfolk £ 30. 0.0. 

To moving 21 pieces cannon and 5 swivels fi'om Chicka- 
hominy to Hood's 25. o. o. 

To moving 10 pieces cannon fi-om Hanover C't House and 
Taylor's Ferry to N. Casde 20. o. a 

* This gun was subsequently taken up out of the River by the Captain of a 
Northern vessel and carried off. The writer gave some account of this in an 
article in the So, Lii, Messenger in 1857. 

t These were subsequently brought to Richmond and placed near the Capitol 
Square, and as soon as the State Armory was finished, about 1801, they were 
placed upon an esplanade, south of the parade ground, within the enclosure of the 
Armory buildings, where they remained until the year 1863. when several of them 
were melted up by the Confederate Government and recast into Napoleon guns 
for the use of the Letcher Battery. Two of them have survived the hazards of 
the war and time, and now adorn the grounds of the Military Institute at Lexing- 
ton, Virginia. For further particulars of those guns see Tarleton*s Campaigns in 
Virginia, and an article in the So, Literary Messenger for 1856 by B. B. Minor, 
Esq. ; and another in the same Periodical for 1857 by the writer of this. 


To moving 3 pieces in the neigh- 1 1786. 

borhood of Richmond to Rich- j These may be moved March i8th 

mond }- by ye Public Wagons £^ 75. o. o. 

To moving 3 pieces from Westham in my possession, 
to Richmond ^ 

To mounting 2 16-inch mortars £, 24. o. o. 

To mounting 39 i8-pounders and 9 12 -pound- 
ers on Fort carriages, with cast wheels £, 576. o. o. 

To mounting 1 1 Field pieces on Traveling car- 

ris^^es ;S 275. o. o. 

£ 875. o. o. 

Total £y 950. o. o. 

N. B. — ^There is a considerable quantity of Ball and shells at Hanover 
Town, a considerable quantity of ball at the old Ship-yard in Chicka- 
hominy, and of both at the " old Foundery near Westham." 

The Deposition of George Clark, S'n'r, March 20th 

In the case of the Commonwealth of Va. against Arthur Campbell, charged Washington 
with " malpractices and misconduct in the office of a justice of the peace for county 
said County " : 

ist The Said Deponent Deposes that the next Day after James Mont- 
gomery was Sworn in Sheriff for said County, that he, the said Deponent, 
met the said Arthur Campbell at the Court house of Said County, and, 
after some Talk, he, the said Deponent, asked said Campbell how he 
thought was the Best way to Conduct at such times. Said Campbel an- Campbell's 
swered that me and all old setders ought to Imbody ourselves. Pay no advice to old 
Taxes, and Declare for a new State. Said Deponent then replied how he 
should conduct, Provided the Sheriff should Distress. Said Campbel then 
said that he did not mean not to pay Taxes, But that he would fill the set- 
tlement with Petitions, which he hoped they would sign to a man, and that 
he would have a new State Established before the Taxes became Due. 

2nd. That said Deponent at the last August court for said county saw 
the said Campbel, who asked David Campbel to shew him that (meaning 
the Acts of Assembly), which said David (after turning over some Leaves 
and Directing with his finger to a certain place) Did ; After Looking contempt 
thereon, Arthur Campbel said it was not worth while to pay any Regard of the 
to any such Laws or Commissions, and then left the Bench. Some per- authori^^ 
sons present said that it was the Governor's Letter that was now the Busi- 
ness of the court, Signifying that there ought to be Silence, &c. 

Said Arthur Campbel said it was not worth the Court's while to pay 
any regard to any such thing, and that the Governor was no more than 
any other Individual, and immediately went out of the Court house. And 
farther sayth not 


1786. T. Meriwether to the Governor, in Reply, 

March 20th Stating his inability "to make out a state of the foreign daims against the 
Richmond public/' as desired, on account of the accumulation of his official business. 

wl^teon This day Samuel McMurray made oath before me, a justice for s'd 

county County, that he saw Colo. Arthur Campbdl receive (the official papers 

C^^^bell ^^^^ ^^ Executive, bearing date the thirteenth day of December, 1785) 

notif^d of by the hand of Charles Bowen, and on the same day, being the thirtyeth 

the proceed- j^y ^f January, saw the s'd Bowen deliver Colo. Campbdl a notification 

ings against ' "^ ,^ , , , ,*t . . ^ % t t 1 ,- 

him paper notifymg him to meet at Washington Courthouse the 23d day of 

Feb^, in order to be present at the Examination of witnesses relating to 

the charges set forth in the s'd offidal papers. Given under my hand 

and Seal this 21st day of March, 1786. 


March 21st Sir : 

You are hereby notify'd to attend at the Town house the sixth day 
^un?^" of March next to be present at the examination of witnesses rdative and 
respecting the charges exhibited by us and now depending before the Ex- 
ecutive of Virginia. Also at the house of Capt. Thos. Price, on Clinch, 
the tenth of s'd month, and at Henry Herklerodes the fourteenth s'd 
Offidal Witness our hands, 23d Feb'y, 1786. 
notice given JAS. MONTGOMERY. 

^''^n vT" W. EDMISTON, 

To Colo. Arthur Campbell. 

This day James Thompson made oath before me, a justice for s'd 
County, that the above is a true Copy of the notification delivered by him 
to Arthur Campbell the 23d Feb'y, 1786, and that s'd Campbell attended 
at the Town house and at Hen'y Herklerodes, agreeable to s'd notice. 

Given under my hand and Seal this 21st day of March, 1786. 



Bond in the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds, 1786. 

Lawful money of Virginia, of Sam'l Brown, Jas. Henderson, Wm. Poage, March 22d 
And'w Donnally, George Clendinen, John McCue, Chris'r Bryan. Wm. Greenbrier 
Clendinen, Thos. Grattan, Rob't Clendinen, J. Reid, Wm. McClung, An- 
drew Hamilton, and Wm. Hamilton, Commissioners appointed to carry 
into Execution an Act of Assembly "appropriating certain arrears of Pub- 
lick Taxes to the opening a Waggon Road from the Eastern to the West- 
em Waters," &c 

Jas. Montgomery, Wm. Edmiston, Jas. Kincanon, Sam'l Edmiston, March 23d 
AND Jas. Thompson, Make Report to Gov'r Henry, of Vir- 


In obedience to your Offidal orders, dated in Council 13th day of Dec. Washington 
'85, we have proceeded and taken depositions in behalf of Government to county 
support the charges exhibited by us against Mr. Arthur Campbell, and we 
expect may be sufficient, as will appear by his own letters and sundry 
depositions transmitted to you, to support the charges and evince to the 
honorable Executive that our information was not unjustly founded. Mr. 
Arthur Campbell has attempted every possible obstruction to defeat the 
measures of taking depositions. Particularly on the 6th of March, at the 
Town house, he there endeavoured to influence Rob't Campbell, a magis- 
trate who was there taking depositions, from admitting proof that Mr. Ar- 
thur Campbell advised the people of this County against returning their 
taxable property, as required by law, which we alleged came under the 
charge of preventing the Collection. The fact is, Rob't Campbell accord- 
ingly refused taking depositions that day, And several material witnesses 
who could not attend a considerable distance from home, have failed. The 
first notification to meet at Washington Court house is proved by the 
Affidavit of Sam'l McMuney, and notice of meeting at Town house, Capt. 
Thos. Price's, on Clinch and Herklerodes, delivered in writing by Jas. 
Thompson in presence of Rob't Preston, and proved by the former, the 
latter being at Richmond, and his attendance at Washington Court house 
and the Town house proved by Rob't Russell and the bearer, Capt. 
Alez'r Montgomery, who will be present, can prove, if required, his at- 
tendance at Herklerodes. We expect, sir, all necessary proof in aid to 
the char^ges transmitted to you, and if any failure on our part we are to 
prone to hope further time will be given before a decision of your Hon- 
orable board be made, leaving to your wisdom the same indulgence on 
his part And we further hope the attention of Council will be had on 
the conduct of Rob't Campbell as a magistrate, who, we consider, has 
conducted himself in a partial and unfriendly manner to government, 
undeserving the.confidence of this county. There are several depositions 


1786. taken by Rob't Campbell which he refused giving us copies of, and from 
March 23d his conduct in refusing to take several material depositions, we are inclined 
to suppose it a risque to trust to them — especially coming through the 
care of Arthur Campbell. We expect Mr. Arthur Campbell will present 
you a return from the County of Washington to commission magistrates. 
We consider it of the greatest importance that you should have all possible 
information on that head ; could wish that you wood consult Capt. Alex'r 
Montgomery relative to the nominations, who can throw much light on the 
designe. A coroner is also recommended us, by the influence of Arthur 
Campbell, a man of an infamous character, in order to leave out Jas. Kin- 
canon, who is willing to act, and a commission now with the Clerk of the 
County for him. Having engaged Capt Montgomery to accomplish a 
delivery of the Depositions in time, we trust there can be no necessity for 
our attendance in person. 

With due respect we are, Sir, your Excellency's 

obed't Servants, &c, &c. 

March 24th Rob't Russell's Affidavit, made Before Alex'r Montgomery, 

Washing^ton That Col, Arthur Campbell attended at Washington Court House on the 
county 2^ci Feb'y last, and at the Town house 6th March, to be present at the 
examination of witnesses in behalf of the Commonwealth, relative to 
charges against him depending before the Executive, &c. 


Hampton My son, who is obliged to Richmond on Craver's Trial, waits on 

your Excellency with the Pay Role of the Patriott, made out to the 20th 
Boats Jan'y last, also an estimate of expences attending the Repairs of the St. 
Vatnot Boat Liberty and a new suit of sails for the Patriot. At my return firom 
Richmond Feb*y nth, I took the Plank off the Liberty, found the tim- 
bers to be good, and sett the carpenter to work, which I wrote your Ex- 
cellency ye 14th, with a List of Expences that would attend the Repairs 
and outfitts, but not having an answer, I imagine my Letter miscarried. 
The Carpenter's work is done, and he is in want of money. Capt. James, 
who commands the Liberty, has come up to Richmond to procure canvas 
for Sails for her, as I cannot gett any at Norfolk or this Place. I have en- 
gaged the men for her, but shall not ship them until she's fitt for service. 
Officers I also mentioned in my last (to your Excellency) the names of the Com- 
^^^!?^ missioned Officers on board each boat, which I was directed to do by 
and the the Hon'bl' the Council : The Patriot, Jas. Barron, Commander ; Sam'l 
Liberty Barron, Lieut. ; The Liberty, Michael James, Commander. The other of- 
ficer is on the Eastern Shore, and is to return when called on. 
I have the honor to be. Sir, with great Respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob't serv't, &c, &c. 



W. Smallwood, to the Governor of Virginia. 

March 30th 


I have the honor of transmitting to your Excellency the enclosed Maryland, 

copy of an act of the L^islature of this State, under the great Sieal, Annapolis 
passed in their last session, extending the time limitted for bring in and 
settling Claims against this State by the Citizens thereof, and for limiting 
the time for bringing in and settling claims against the said State by citi- 
zens of the United States. 

By particular direction of the General Assembly of this State, I have 
to request that you would be pleased to order the substance of this act to 
be published, or such part thereof as you may judge necessary for the in- 
formation of the citizens of your State. 

The Duty on Salt in this State is suspended after the ist of April next, 
unless at that time, or until there be a Duty laid on that article in the 
States of Virginia and Pennsylvania. This contingency obliges me to 
request of your Excellency the earliest information on this subject, that 
the views of the Legislature here may be carried into execution. 

I have the honor to be, 
Sir, Your Excellency's mo. obed't serv*t, &c., &c. 

Statement of Anthony New and L. Temple to the Governor April 2d 

AND Council, 

In favor of the petition of the Sheriff of Caroline, praying for releif from 
the execution against him for failure to collect the Taxes of 1784. Every 
effort had been made, but the great scarcity of money and the late short 
crops had put it out of the power of the people to pay. Many would not 
be able to purchase the necessaries of life for their families, so that coer- 
civ« measures on his part could have effected nothing. 


Anthony New and T. Temple to Governor Henry, 

Informing him that the State Solicitor had " sued out" his Execution for 
balance of certain taxes due for the year 1784. In justice to the sheriff 
of the county, they assure his Excellency that every " prudent effort has 
been exerted" on the part of that officer to collect the same, but that the 
great scarcity of money, together with the late short crops, have put it 
out of the power of the people to pay, &c. They state also that many of 
the people will not be able to purchase the necessary supply of food for 
their &milies out of their last crop of tobacco ; and that if coercive meas- 
ures were adopted, it would not feicilitate the collection of the delinquent 

April 2d 



1786. Wm. Graves to Commodore Barron. 

April 3d Having overheard from "the conversation of some sailors" that the 
Norfolk ship "George" from Jamaica had made a fabe entry of her cargo, and 
not being able to inform him (Barron) in time, Col. Parker had authorized 
him to search her, and he was then on board with only two men — the 
Mayor and Aldermen refusing to give him the assistance for which he 
had applied. He had taken " the marks and numbers of all that has been 
delivered," viz. : 

40,000 wt. Brown sugar, 

10 Puncheons Rum, 

37 Casks Coffee, 

2 Packs Cotton, 

7 Baggs damaged Ginger, 

20 Mahogany Plank only. 

" I have found on board 50 Hogsheads and tierces, which contain 

60,000 wt. Brown sugar, 
10 Puncheons Rum, 
6 Quarter casks Do., 
4 bis. loaf sugar, 
6 Crates of Queens ware, 
6 new Anchors, 
2 boxes, which they say is Buntin. 

A quantity of mahogany furniture, consisting of 10 Tables, 6 or 8 setts of 
Bedsteads compleat, one Couch with its Furniture, 2 easy chairs and a 
number of other chaires that I cannot count ; also 20 mahogany plank, 38 
barrels of Coffee and Packs of Cotton, 7 casks of ginger." 

* *■ *■ ♦ 4( :|e 4: 

" Pray come over, as they will soon deliver as much as they have en- 
tered." * * u Should you not come in time I shall be dis- 
graced ; the Merchants are all collected, making Remarks and condemning 
me for my good wishes for my Country." 

April 3d Arthur Campbell to Gov. Henry, 

Richmond Enclosing recommendations from Washington Count. Court for County offi • 
cers, and complaining of the irregularites attendant upon their nominations. 
Some of the Court resided in the *" new County on Clinch," " There is one 
man recommended that, I am told, can neither read nor write. Two others, 
young in years and very inexperienced, and lives in one House. In short 

* Russell County, formed early in 1786. 


there would be four Justices in this case in one family, and none of them 1786. 
&med for their understanding. In another neighborhood, within a mile of April 3d 
each other, there will be three of the same kin. All this may answer views 
to screen sheriff from penalities for neglect of duty, but will be far from 
promoting the public interest" * * * * ♦ 

" The two Coroners lately commissioned have not qualified, one of whom 
^Is by ye division into the new County. There is a necessity for one, or 
the laws for recovering both public and private moneys out of the hands of 
sherids will be nugatory. The Clerk of Montgomery desired me to en- 
quire why a sheriff have not been commissioned on the last recommenda- 
tion of the Court, as much disorder are like to happen for want of that 

To his Excellency, Pat. Henry, Esq'r., April 3d 

Governor of Virginia^ and the Monday 

hon'ble the Council of State : Richmond 

The Petition of Arthur Campbell respectfully sheweth : That his health Arthur 
and the badness of the Weather prevented him from reaching Richmond ^^^P ^e 
in time. Besides he apprehends that several important and intricate ques- heard by 
tions may, necessarily, require discussion in the course of enquiry set on counsel 
foot respecting your petitioner's conduct. He therefore prays that he 
may be heard by counsel before your honorable Board to-morrow. 

And your petitioner shall pray, &c., 


This being the Day appointed for enquiring into the charges exhibited April 3d 

against Arthur Campbell on the 13th Day of December last, and the Gov- ^" Council 

ernor haveing laid before the Board sundry Depositions relative thereto, j^J^^^Jnc^^ 

and a Petition from the said Campbell, praying to be heard by his counsel in the case 

to-morrow. The Board postpone the enquiry aforesaid till to-morrow 10 rl^^ bell 
o'clock, and leave is granted the said Campbell to employ counsel in his 

Extract from the Minutes. A. BLAIR, C C 

At a meeting of the Court of Directors of the Hospital at Williams- April 3d 
burg, for the reception of Idiots, Lunaticks, and persons of Insane mind, 
held the 3d day of April, 1786 : 

Resohedy That Mr. Jospeh Hornsby be appointed Treasurer to the 

Hospital, who is authorized to draw from the Public Treasury such sums 

of money as may be set apart for the purpose of the Hospital, and to pay 

to the order of the Committee, for that purpose appointed, such sums as 

may be considered necessary for making the necessary repairs to the 


A copy— Teste: WILL. RUSSELL, 

Clerk to the Hosfrikd. 



1786. His Excellency, the Governor, being unable from indispo^don to attend 

April 4th to-day, and Arthur Campbell having requested, thro' his counsel, that the 

In Council consideration of his enquiry be postponed till to-morrow. It is agreed that 

the same be accordingly postponed till to-morrow 10 o'clock. 

Extract from the Minutes. 


April 5th Arthur Campbell appearing in person, and being attended by James 
In Council Innes and Archibald Stuart, Esquires, his Counsel, The Board resumed 
the consideration of the charges exhibited against him as a Justice of the 
peace for the County of Washington, and the charges being read, the said 
Arthur Campbell, by his Counsel, objected to the jurisdiction of the 
Board to proceed to the enquiry, under the Act entided " an Act to ex- 
tend the powers of the Governor and Council," as being repugnant to the 
eighth article of the declaration of rights and the principles of the Con- 
stitution, which objection being overruled by the Board, the Counsel for 
the said Campbell proceeded to object to the nature and propriety of the 
Testimony by Depositions, alledging the Witnesses should personally ap- 
pear and be examined " viva voce,** and that the Depositions were taken 
in a partial manner, declaring at the same time their Client meant not to 
shrink from the charges being inquired into if impartial persons should 
be appointed to take Depositions respecting the charges and transmit 
them to the Board. 

Whereupon the Board delivered their opinion, that as the certificate of 
the Justices annexed to the Depositions did not state the place as well as 
the time where the Depositions were taken, in conformity to the notices 
given, they are not sufficient evidence. It is therefore* Ordered, by the 
consent of the said Campbell, and Alexander Montgomery, attending on 
the part of the Accusers, that Depositions respecting the charges afore- 
said, as well on the part of the Commonwealth as the said Arthur Camp- 
bell, be taken by either party at the Courthouse of Washington County, 
between the first and last of next month, giving ten Days' notice of the 
time and place of taking them, and that David Ward, Andrew Cowan, 
John Latham, John Kincaid, John Lowry, James Fulkerson, and Joseph 
Black, Gentlemen, or any three of them, being the commissioners chosen 
by the parties, attend the taking the Depositions of such Witnesses as 

* Samp. Mathews, Jos. Jones, Spencer Roane, Miles Selden, and Carter Brax- 
ton, Esquires, composed the Board of Council. Spencer Roane, Esq'r., approved 
the proceedings of the Board, but in a note appended to his signature, to be 
found in the Journal of the Council, he dissented from their decision, " so far as it 
asserts a jurisdiction in the Executive to enquire into the charges above men- 
tioned in the manner therein described." Although this record appears upon 
the Journal of the Council, it is thought proper to insert it here in connection 
with what is already recorded on the same subject, and because the Journal itself 
has not been printed. 


shall be produced, and that the Commissioners transmit the Depositions 1786. 
so taken, under their hands and Seals, to the Governor on or before the April 5th 
second Teusday in June next, when, at which time, the parties are to be 
heard in the Council Chamber touching the charges aforesaid. 

Copy — Teste : 


David Stuart to Gov. Henry. April 6th 

The inhabitants of Alexandria having been consulted as to the propriety Abingdon 
of "appointing a Searcher," had agreed thereunto, and, at their request, 
he begs leave to recommend James Maese McRae for that office. 

Robert Gilchrist and James Taylor to the Governor, April loth 

Requesting the appointment of a Searcher for that Port, " as there are Port Royal, 
more vessels lye here than at any one place on Rappahannock,'' and ^ 

recommending Mr. Robert Johnston for the position. 

Capt. Jno. Peyton to Colo. Meriwether. April loth 

He apologizes for not having sent the clothing " for ye men taken out of Point Fork 
Goal" sooner, and requests he will " direct the Wagoner to bring up the 
ballance of the old Iron left in the Capitol cellar.'' 

James Barron to Gov. Henry. April loth 


The enclosed Letter to your Excellency is a Copy of one from Mr. Hampton 
Wm. Graves at Norfolk, two Days before the Patriot returned from Rich- The boat 
mond. On receipt of it I immediately went over to his assistance in a 
Pilot Boat with five men with armes, and found one man on board only 
as Guard, employed by Mr. Graves. The sugars were all landed before 
I gott there — Graves unable to prevent it for want of assistance. They 
had begun to hoist out the Rum when I gott over, which I forbid — put a c-j^ure of a 
guard on board, and seal'd the Hatches, with orders to the men not to ship 
sufier anything to be put out of the ship untill further orders. I then 
returned to Hampton with Mr. Graves, who has been to W'msburg and 
taken the necessary steps towards putting the ship in the Court of Ad- 
miralty. As I have not been able to procure canvas for the Boats' sails, 
the " Liberty" remains Idle yett. Mr. King is at Baltimore, and expected The Liberty 
bade hourly, by whom I expect canvas, after which I shall then begin to 
fitt out the Liberty immediately. ***** 

''The money bdonging to the Commonwealth (for forfeitures and fines) I 


1786. shall account for in my next settlement with the Auditors, having been 
April loth obliged to use it in purchasing provisions for the Boats, not having 
received any from the Treasury for that purpose since the last of August, 
and then only ;^I9. 6s. 6d.} in my hands," &c. 

April loth J. Parker to the Governor. 

Norfolk I am honored with yours of the 24th ultimo, respecting the duties 

Naval office of my office, which I shall with pleasure pay the most scrupulous attention 

to in every sense, as far as I 'have power. 

The time seems drawing to a crisis, when the Impost requested by Con- 
gress is to take place. As I have never had the honor of addressing 
your Excellency or an individual Member of Councill on this subject, I 
beg leave now to offer myself on this occasion, as the collection of the 
State duties, I presume, will then cease. 

If my Conduct hitherto as Naval Officer and Collector has been hon- 
ored with your approbation, it will probably be remembered when the 
event takes place. Should it be the case, as Government appears atten- 
tive to the object of the impost, I trust it will be in my power to execute 
the trust with fidelity and integrity, and the honor conferred will with 
gratitude be remembered. 

A Merchant of character has requested me to apply to your Excellency 
Gosport for leave to fence in a part of the public lands at Gosport for a lumber 
yard, to be given up whenever required by Government. How conve- 
nient would this place be for publick stores for the reception of unentered 
Goods, for public offices, &c., the expence of which could be erected at 
small cost, and all the business confined to narrow limits. 

The officer which your honorable Board has sent to remove the Can- 
non to this place is now with me. We have a hope that they are to be 
fitted up for the protection of our harbour against any piratical attempts 
to plunder the Towns, as well as to aid in secureing any Vessels which 
may be seized by the Searchers of the Customs. If I have been to free 
in these latter suggestions, the liberality of your Board will doubdess ex- 
cuse him, who does himself honor, with the most dutiful respect, of sub- 
scribing himself their 

most obedient servant, &c., &c. 


April i2th Charles Biddle, Vice-President, to Gov. Harrison, of Va. 

Philadelphia ^ h^y^ the honor to communicate a Resolution of the General As- 

Coundl sembly of this Commonwealth of the twenty-first day of March last, and 
Chamber a Minute of Council thereupon of this day. 

I am. Sir, i^th the highest Respect, 

Your most obedient humble servant, &c., &c 


StaU of Penn^hania^ In General Assembly : 1786. 

Tuesday, March 21st, 1786, A. M. April 12th 

The Report of the Committee, read March nth, on that part of the 
message from the Supreme Executive Council, which respects a Conven- 
tion of the States proposed by the Commonwealth of Virginia, was read 
the second time — whereupon, 

Resolved^ That five Commissioners be appointed on the part of this 
State, any three of whom may act, to meet such commissioners as may be 
appointed by the other States in the Union, at a time and place to be 
agreed on, to take into consideration the Trade of the United States ; to 
examine the relative situations and Trade of the said States ; to consider 
how far an uniform System in their Commercial Regulations may be 
necessary to the Common interest, and their permanent harmony ; and to 
report to the several States such an Act relative to this great Object, as, 
when unanimously ratified by them, will enable the United States, in Con- 
gress assembled, effectually to provide for the same; and also to meet 
Commissioners of Virginia and Maryland to communicate reciprocally 
the Regulations of Commerce and duties proposed by each State, and 
within their respective powers ; and that the Supreme Executive Council 
be authorized and requested to make the said appointment of Commis- 
sioners, and to give them such instructions from time to time as they 
shall think expedient. 

Extract from the Minutes. 


AssH Clerk. 

In Council, Philadelphia, April 12th, 1876: Council proceeded to the 
Election of five Commissioners, under the Resolution of Assembly of the 
twenty-first of March last, when it appeared that the following Gendemen 
were chosen, viz't: Robert Morris, George Clymer, John Armstrong, Jun'r, 
Thomas Fitzsimmons, and Tench Coxe, Esquires. 
Extract from the Minutes. 



April 18th 
Sir : county 

You are hereby notify'd to attend at Washington Court house (Vir- r^'^^^u'^ii 

ginia) the third, fourth and fifth, the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth, notified of 

and the twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh days of May next, deposition 

to be present at the examination of witnesses, relative and Respecting &c ' 



1786. several charges exhibited against you by us, and now depending before 
April i8th the Executive of s*d State. 

As witness our hands this i8th day of April, 1786. 

To Arthur Campbell. 

Washington^ ss. : 


This day John Harris came before me, a Justice for s'd County, and 
made oath that he saw Jas. Thompson deliver a true Copy of the above 
notification to Arthur Campbell, the same day it is dated, being the i8th. 

Given under my hand and seal this i8th day of April, 1786. 

April i8th 




of that 







John Donel- 

son killed 

Sam'l McDowell to Gov. Henry of Va. 
Sir : 

The present circumstances of this County is such as Induces me to 
make bold to write your Excellency on the Ocation. The Indians have 
been very troublesome this Spring and of late have Invaded the County 
of Jefferson and are now almost every day commiting depredations there. 
Our good friend Colo. William Christian has lately falen a sacrifice to 
their Barbarity, and I much fear if measures are not Speedily Persued for 
the support and defence of that Part, the Country will break up and of 
course the People be gready distressed. 

A fiew men from this County for their present defence is all that can 
be done, which (in my opinion) will be of litde advantage. And as far as 
I am able to Judge we have no way to Prevent the Indians from Invading 
us but by carrying a body of men into their country, which I beleive we 
cannot attempt unless your Excellency and the Hon'ble Council will 
authorize us so to do. The Indians that Invade Jefferson live on the 
Wabash and not more than about 150 miles from the falls of Ohio, and I 
believe could be attacked with success. We are not only troubled with 
the Wabash Indians but the Chickomagies, a part of whom have lately 
seded over the Ohio on a Creek called Paint Creek ; they are said to be 
about seventy warriors, who have stolen almost all the Horses from Lime- 
stone and Licking Setelments. Those on the Tennassee disturb, our 
Eastern and Southern fronteers, and about ten days since have killed 
Colo. John Donelson on his way to Cumberland from this County. If 
your Excellency and the Hon'ble Board should be of opinion that some 
spirited Exertion of this Country for its defence is necessary. And grant 
the Powers proper for accomplishing the Business, I flatter my self it may 
be attend with happy Effects to this Country. 



Levin Powell to the Gov. & Council, 


On behalf Mr. Thos. Lewis, late Sheriff of that County, soliciting a April i8th 
remission of the damages obtained by Judgement against him for the Loudon 
Taxes of 1783. The excessive drought and the necessity the people county 
were under in that year of purchasing food had prevented the collection 
of these dues — many were distressed for want of food, clothing, and fur- 
niture durii^ "a most remarkable hard winter." No one could purchase 
articles put up for sale for want of money, and many people had been 
forced to remove from that County to the Western waters and the 
Southern States. 

Thos. Hugart to the Governor in Reply. 

April 19th 

He had received the Commission as High sheriff of Augusta County, Staunton 
but begs the time allowed by law for collecting the Taxes be extended by 
the Executive, on account of the " sparsed situation of its Inhabitants and 
the scarcity of cash." 


John May to Gov. Henry. 

I am sorry to have such distressing Information to give you as 
that of the death our Friend, Col. Christian, who was last week killed by 
the Indians. Ever since my coming to this County the Indians have, at 
times, been committing murders upon and stealing Horses from the In- 
habitants of the Kentucky Country, particularly about the neighborhood 
of the Falls of Ohio and Limestone Creek, from which two places they 
have taken almost all the Horses, and scarcely a week has passed since I 
came out without some Person being murdered. All the Indians on 
and about the Wabashe are for war, and news is just received from there 
that there are several Hundred of them at this time out at war, which is 
highly probable from the circumstances of their being at this time in 
almost every Part of our Western and Southwestern Frontier. They had 
frequently been on Beargrass, and Col. Christian, in order to induce others 
to go in pursuit of them, has, upon every occasion, gone himself. And 
last week he, with about twenty men, crossed the Ohio and overtook three 
Indians, whom they killed ; but his Men not obeying his orders, which 
were to rush all together on them, he with three others only overtook the 
Indians, and was so unfortunate as to receive a mortal wound himself, and 
CapL Isaac Keller received another. It is most remarkable that there 
were only two guns belonging to the Indians, both of which did Execution, 
although one of the Indians was shot through with three balls, and was, 
at the Time of his firing his gun at Keller, lying on the Ground totally 
<£8abled in one arm and unable to rise up. On the Return of the Party 
they met with such a number of Indian Encampments, where there ap- 

April 19th 



Death of 





Death of 


Isaac Keller 

i^' CA ; ^KI>AIC Cff STATE fJ^SES. 

»7^ j^tstf^^ tt 1A iFC flaam' lodiaiK toac ber wopt mi^gectD 
i^^Hi «yti tij«:tf vmy K CtisTJECBvilk: : bic Col. QciiiaL liied ^ems 'tibar yraAad 

pkfjt btii<;^ Ctil. Cbnstiac c licatc liK' TmiiaTy ianFc ieec m lis TuniXft- 

tftT; dttC tak^x away iKirnaE amf bavt idn amieD ^itt ^nm and 

^^g^M^ jdWgt^ t0f^t^^ Wee n: atXKT uars of lbs Comnrr. CdL D mirVhriB 

i;il«c< *( annfii^ fxf»: tiiani. ae wd: ac ■evesa! oiiezs of our i/kAl (7xrwra% 

I <k' iKT r^rculkc: tfa*: nuxnbc lisc bsvr bccc idfieS snce I xsmic osl. bat 

MLrb. Cbnstiac » auiitc m pi ' iu g id -fls iiriglilKiil mDg of DbbtSc 

TiM: pr'xadx*^ tiKC of all 'fix; CamxtHS are HiHaiijHiii g id carnr an a Tobn- 

tar/ i'>.;^«^dmvL ai^'ir. tbe IndiaiK. bnf I am apgu g L e a gwc it inll aoL Yoa 

» il' ^r.^mtf^ tiwr LRjcrtT v tii J hssv^ taken in addxzamxig yon ca lias sab- 

j«:'^, at) h u'^t iotttkded as an offioal Jjcosi. I jju g mme it s a sahyrt so 

AiitA^tvm^ ig ygn thai jcn iri£ be gbd tbd reasvt 1nii«nua i u s tL iPo g ii 

ao/ diianud. I am, air, 

jr^T Hmiih SenrX Ar.., &c. 

A^/J xyij fciiiffjAJfjjc Lwujc, C L., TO Got. Hesht. 

|>#3M^ Sir : 
iAw^Au You van find iockitcd As Api&catiaD from the County of Jef- 

' >/M»<J*'/Wi«; ^y^ 1^^ tj*'/b^ f^ N<r]so0. UmcfAn, aod Tratee for tbcre aid to s m p r es s a 
l^Ay *A IfMltfrfi^, vbo rendes on the Wabasb River. Yoa viD Discover 
m tiMr »|/3ickUon tfu; unhappy (ate of the Bxave. Spiiritai, g enero us -hearted 
C'jA/ff, William fThristian, also a CapL Kdlcr. The Eneonr arc repeatmg 
fflM^4t f Wt;aritM« almost every day in some part of the Country. The kill'd 
0/|/>, John Dtitu^Jton, on nth of this instant, in the So uth er n parts of the 
0>uiily fA LincfAn, Several setdements are Avacuated in tfiis country with 
ihi* 1/M«r r/f diirfierent People. I have the greatest Reasons to beleave there is 
A ('ofn|Ki/i tHiiwtttm the Southeren and Western Indiens, and that the in- 
U^iui in cnti off thin Country. Upon these Considerations I have thought it 
my Duly to inform Your Excelency those circumstances, and furder takes 
MlK^fty to inform you Ckaneral Clarck is in the County of Jefferson, and is 
Krrov^r^d from A low »tate of health, and is likely to be able to serve the 
I'lihlic. I ho|)e your Excellency and the Honourable Councell will &11 on 
i»U(*h initaNureM and give us such Derections for our Safety as You in Your 
windoni may tliink i>est. 

I am Your Excellency's 

most obed't and Humble Serv't, &c, &c. 

A lull i4tl Chas. Thomson, Sec'y of Congress, 

I HtUd III ICuolimlu^ (*opitni of Treaties to the Executive of Virginia, entered into 

Hiu'inirtiv nl |,t,|^t*,,|^ CouuniHHionca on the part of the United States and the Shaw- 

unnir, iliriokcH^, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indian nations, and urging the 

|uilicy ol r«n|uirinK[ u atrict observance in good &ith of all the articles 

(h«)rtHil on the part ol* tlie citiiens of Virginia, &c 



Petition of Sheriff of Princess Anne Co., 


To the Gov. and Council for releif against Execution, he having been de- April 26th 
linquent in collecting the Taxes for 1784. He *' had repeatedly seized the 
property of those who were in arrears and advertized it for sale, but such 
was the scarcity of money and the temper of the People, in many cases 
no person would bid, so that your Petitioner, notwithstanding his utmost 
endeavors^ was incapable of compleating his collections for the year 1784." 

Between loth of Aprils I7^5^ ^ the loth April, 1786 : 

Gallons of Dbtil'd Spirits 9i>373 

ditto of wine 6,966 

ditto of Beer 781 

Bushels of Salt 29,144 

Pounds of Salt 12 

ditto of Cordage 1,300 

ditto of Coffee 8,244 

ditto of Sugar 124,653 

Other Goods 

















£ 9>i37. 



























£ 103,356. 



April — 


Between loth Aprils 1785, and lotk April, iy86 : 

Hogsheads Tobacco 10,483 

Barrels flour 25,622 

ditto of Bread i>333 

ditto of Fish 817 

Busheb Wheat 93.396 

ditto of Com 37,4^4 

Hhds. of Flaxseed 43 

ditto of Ginsang 7 

Pounds Sarsaparella 977 

Staves 127,700 

Feet of lumber 158400 

Shingles 488,000 

Hoop poles i>5oo 

®£i2., £ 125,796. o. 
®£ 2., 
@ 25s., 
@ 30s.,- 

@ 7s., 
@ 6s., 

@ 70s., 

(& £30^ 
@ 6d., 

@;^IO.pVM., 1,277. 

@j^i5.. 2,376. 

@ 36s., 878. 

@;^IO.pVM., 15. 

51.244. O. 
1,666 5. 
1.225. 10. 

32,688. 12. 

11.245. 4, 
125. 10. 

210. " 




Ball, in lav'r of Exports, ;^i85,445. 


16. 4. 



jC 288,801. 17. 6 

to be deducted as above 



1786. Gen'l Geo. R. Clark to Gov'r Henry of Virginia. 

*f* *^ ^p ^P ^P ^P ^P ^T 

Sir : 
May — Since my return to this Country, report says that Mr. Daniel Broad- 

Louisville head has got a number of Certificates and other papers from the Soldiery 
who served in this Country, and that the manner of geting them is not 
much to his Credit. ***** 

I make no doubt you have long since had a full account of the late In- 
dian treat3rs at the mouth of Miami. * * * * 
What future Effect they may have on the Nations Treated with is impos- 
sible to tell, but some good consequences has already appeared in the 
peaceable behaviour of some of those Indians. Notwithstanding. I don't 
think that this Country, even in its Infant state, bore so gloomy an aspect 
as it does at present. The loss of Colonel Christian (whom the Inhabi- 
tants had great future hopes in) hath caused general Uneasiness ; add to 
this the Certainty of a War already Commenced and early this Spring 
declared by the Waubauch Indians in General, amounting in the whole 
to upwards of 1,500 Warriors, Encouraged by the British Traders fix)m 
Detroit, and their own Inclination — when you take a view of our Situa- 
tion, Circumstanced as we are, no prospect of support (at best, for several 
months), so formidable and bloody an Enemy to encounter, much Irregu- 
larity in the Country — no power to order the militia out of the State for 
its protection, and before the Assembly meets, or any Assistance can be 
got from Congress on Your making Application to them for it, I doubt 
great part of these beautiful Settlements will be laid waste, without protected 
by volunteers penetrating into the Hart of the Enemy's Country; nothing 
else will do, Scouts and Forts on the Frontiers, answer but little purpose 
and in the End cost more than an Army that would do the Business 
Effectually at once. Was a sufficient force to appear in their Country, 
after a general action, which I think should take place, they would Sue 
for peace, and agree to any terms you pleas'd, to Save their Country from 
total destruction. Such an Example would have a great and good im- 
pression on these Indians already treated with, as fear would cause them 
to be peaceable, when presents make them believe we are afraid of them, 
and rather an Incouragement for them to make war upon us when they 
get poor. This is a notorious truth, well known by those that are ac- 
quainted with their Dispositions. A few days ago, an Engagement hap- 
pened near St. Vincents, on the Waubaush, in which twelve of the Indians 
lay on the field and a number wounded. 
I have the honour to be your Excellency's 

Most Humble and obedient Servant, &c., &c. 



Capt. John Peyton to Col. Thos. Meriwether. 

He sends by "the waggon" 24 p*rs Stockings, 12 coats, 12 Leather 
Caps and 2 p'r Pistols. * ♦ * ♦ » 

He had contracted with Mr. D. Ross "for cutting the Wheels of the Fort 
Carriages," to be delivered there or at Westham at ;^30 p'r Ton ;*' also, 
" for mounting the Field pieces on Traveling Carriages, to be done in 
the best manner with Timber seasoned three years** for £2^ p*r piece. 
He had made contracts " for the moveing of the cannon from Chica- 
hominy to Hood's," and from Nansemond to Norfolk, to be done by ist 
of June. 


May 2d 

of Fork 

Pursuant to an Order of Council 

May 3d 

Directed to us, David Ward, Andrew Cowan, John Latham, John Kin- At Washing- 
caid, John Lowrey, James Fulkerson, and Joseph Black, bearing date the house TnUie 
5th day of April, 1786, to take the Depositions in Behalf of the Com- town of 
monwealth of Virginia, respecting Sundry Charges against Arthur Camp- Abingdon 
bdl, Esq'r, for mal-practice in the Office of Justice of the peace, lodged 
against him by James Montgomer)', William Edmonston, James Thomp- 
son, Samuel Edmonston, James Kinkannon, and Arthur ' Bowen, Com- 
plainants, Before the Governor and Council Relative to the charges Ex- 
hiUted against him — 

General William Russell 

Deposeth and Saith: On the Twelth day of February, 1785, at the 
House of William Colly, in Washington County, your Deponent at- 
tended a meeting of a number Inhabitants of s'd County. The 
people assembl'd. Colo. Campbell adrest them, saying he had Call'd 
them Togather to Explain to them an anormis sum of money paid 
by the people of this Contry to the State of Virginia, which he s'd 
Reportedly amounted to near Two Million more than was due from 
this Contry to Government He s'd he was Exceedingly Alarmed 
to find that Taxes was to be Demanded of the people of Washings 
ton that year, then reduced to absolute certainty, the Sheriff hav- 
ing given Security for the Collection. Your Deponent well remembers 
Colo. Campbell told the people that sum of money opperated upon them 
as a Tax, and that the People ought to pay no Tax till that sum was 
accounted for by Government to the people here. Your Deponent then 
told the people that Colo. Campbell's Deductions were drawn from Aro- 
nious Calculations by the lump, Intended to mislead and Insence them 
against Government Your Deponent then urg*d the people Ought to 
pay the half Tax then Cal*d for; and Further told the people their com- 
pliance with that, and in Futer, might perhaps Favour them to procure an 


of General 




1786. abatement, if not a Final Remittance of the Arears by Our Assembly. 
May 3d Colo. Campbell Immediately replyed, truly the Gentleman preaches up 
to You Passive Obedience and non-Resistance. Your Deponent then 
Informed the people the Sheriff would take Beef Cattle for the Collection, 
to make it Easy on those who Could not rais Money to pay their Taxes. 
Some of the people replyed, the would take up arms before the would 
pay Their Tax. Colo. Campbell Instantly replyed, he liked such Men, 
who would take up arms Rather than Submit to so unjust a Tax. Colo. 
Campbell then propos*d That all for his Measure Should Chuse a Com- 
mittee, and with these Retir'd aside. Your Deponent attended a meeting 
at Major Dizart's, on the Fourteenth of the Same Instant, when Colo. 
Campbell adresed the people then present, with the same Explination of 
Statements He had offered on the Twelth at William Coll)rs, urging that 
the people of this Contry had p*d near Two Millions Money more than 
their Just Quota, and aledged it was unjust for us to pay tax Till that was 
accounted for. Your Deponent attended one other meeting at Sinking 
Spring Meeting House, On the Fifteenth of the same Instant, Being 
Washington February Court day. And your Deponent Supposeth near 
three Hundred people present at s'd meeting. Colo. Campbell adres'd 
them as Before in Oposition to the Collection of the Taxes, and again 
Aledg'd this Country had paid near Two Millions over and above what 
ought to be p'd to Government, And recommended the people Ought to 
pay no Tax Untill that was Settled by the State. Colo. Campbell s'd he 
was surprised to find in what manner measures had been taken to pre- 
cipitate the Collection by the Sheriff and his Sureties. Colo. Campbell 
Observed, we had but lately Escaped from British Tirany, and he fear'd it 
was likely to take place in our own State. He Exclaim'd Generally 
Against the laws passed by the General Assembly in 1784 as Tiranical 
and Oppressive. Your Deponent once more observed to the people that 
Col. Campbell's Inferences led to Seduce them from Government — That 
his Insinuations and refusal to pay Taxs led to Rebellion, in which Pre- 
dicament, if led by him, we must Either subjugate Virginia, or Virginia 
would reduce us. 

At July, Washington Court, 1783, the Governor's Proclamation being 
read near the Court-House door by the Sheriff. Intend'd to enforce the 
militia Law of 1784, Your Deponent and Field Officers, as by a late 
appointm't by the Governor, Went before the Court and apply'd to be 
Quallified to their Commissions. Colo. Campbell, then on the Bench and 
Judge of the Court, He required to know what Commission, of which 
Your Deponent Informed him and handed him the Governor's Proclama- 
tion ; he having red it, or part of it, took his Hatt and leaving the Bench 
Declared he would not tamely submit to it so. 

Colo. Campbell then Adres'd the Court and said that the Governor and 
Council had exceeded their powers. He told the Court the Governor's 
Proclam. was no law. Your Deponent Observ'd to the Court It was a 
power sufficient to Enforce a law. Colo. Campbell then observ'd the 


Militia Law was in the Highest degree Oppressive and Tirannical, and 1786. 
the Executive having suspended the law till January, 1786, had no right May 3d 
to Inforce it at that time, and he assured the Court the power to Inforce 
that Law or not, was in them and not in the Executive. 

It appeared to your Deponent that Colo. Campbell supposeing he would 
be ovemird by the Court in his proposition, then proposed to the Court to 
postpone the Qualification of the Officers till the August Court. Your 
Deponent then Observ'd to the Court the Risque of the Frontier would 
not admit of that Delay, as Depredations had been Commited not long 
Before on our Frontier by the Saviges. 

Colo. Campbell then Reply'd that was not of much consequence. 
And Further your Deponent saith not. 

Capt. Joseph Cole Captain 

Deposeth and Saith: That about the last of January, 1785, I being in deposition 

company with Colo. Arthur Campbell, and being in Discourse about 

the Assembly, He said they was a parcel of pretty Fellows to send here 

for Taxes ; he also said he would call A Committee and put a stop to 

peoples paying Taxes till such times as they would pay what money 

they ow'd the County. 

The Deponent being Interrogated whether he heard Colo. Campbell 
advise the people not to send A member to the General Assembly, He 
Answered, he did not 

Being ask'd whether he ever heard Colo. Campbell Persuade people to 
join in a Separation from the State of Virginia, He answered he heard 
Colo. Campbell tell Capt Ewing that he would have A new State before 

Being ask'd whether he heard Colo. Campbell say anything against the 
Feild Officers Quallifying at July Court, 1785, He, the Deponent, answered 
that he heard Colo. Campbell say that the Governor had no Right to 
Issue such A Proclamation and Requested the Court not to suffer them to 
Quallify to their Commissions. The s'd Deponent further saith not. 

Sworn before us the Commissioners in obedience to an Order of the 
the Executive bearing date the 5th day of April, 1786, for taking Depo- 
sitions in behalf of the State against CoUo. Arthur Campbell, and under 
notice by the Complainants for that purpose given to him the i8th April 

Colo. Campbell not present 

DAVID WARD, [Seal.] 








1786. Further Depositions 

May 3d In the case of the Commonwealth of Va. against Arthur Campbdl, taken 

May 3d and sworn to before the Commissioner, &c.: 


Andrew ^ Deposeth and Saith : About the Beginning of the year 1785, he was 
deposition ^^ Conversation with Col. Arthur Campbell, at the deponant*s own 
house, concerning the State of Franklin. Colo. Campbell said he 
allowed Montgomery and Washington Counties Ought to be Join'd 
to the s'd State of Frankland, and that it would be the Case Before 
long, and the sooner the Better. If we did not Join them soon we 
Could not Expect to share With them in the advantages of Govern- 
ment, as we would not have a Representation in forming their Con- 
stitution. Your deponent ask*d him how he liked their proceedings in 
Franklin. His answer was that he disapp'd of their proceeding to Busi- 
ness so Rapidly Before they new whether Congress would Except of the 
Sesion made by North Carolina, Or had the aprobation of Congress. 
Colo. Cambpell also said that he allowed Franklin and the above-men- 
tioned Counties would fall in the Bounds of one State as laid off by Con- 
gress. Your Deponent further saith, that about the last of March, or the 
first of April, in the same year, he was at James Dizerts, where there was 
a number of people gather'd together in order to form a Letter or memo- 
rial, as they caVd it, to send to Congress. When your depon't and Colo. 
Campbell had some dispute about Joining the state of Franklin, In which 
he ask'd Colo. Campbell if the state of North Carolina were to send force 
against the Franklin people, to subject them to obedience to the Govern- 
ment of North Carolina, whether he would be Willing to give them aid, 
meaning the Franklin people ? On which he answered, by all means we 
ought, if we Expected to Share with them in the advantages of Govern- 

The Deponent being interrogated whether ever he heard Colo. Camp- 
bell say he would not return his Taxable property for the year '85, or ad- 
vise others not to return ; being also ask'd if he ever heard Colo. Campbell 
say he thought we ought not to send members to the General Assembly 
from this County ? 

The Deponant's answer to Each of the above Questions was, he did 
not, to his remembrance. 

The Deponant being asked whether ever he hard Colo. Campbell say 
Virginia had no right to ask money as Tax's from us, answered and said 
he hard him say Words to that Effect, and the reason Colo. Campbell 
Give was that we had p'd money for our Lands which operated against 
us as Taxes. 

The Deponant being asked whether ever he hard Colo. Campell ad- 
vise the Court of Washington not to admit the Field officers under the 
Governor's proclamation to Qualify to their Commissions, answered he 
did. And Further Saith not 



Thomas Berry 

Deposeth and saith, that some time in the month of February, '85, at the 
Sinking^ Spring Meeting House, heard Colo. Arthur Campbell tell a num- 
ber of people who was there Gathered, that they had p*d their Taxes 
alh-eady, and produc'd a calculation paper in Order to strengthen his Ar- 
guments, and said Before that he would live under such Government he 
would take his musket on his shoulder and Fight 'til he lost the last drop 
of Blood in his Body, and, after speaking a few more words, he said he 
would sell, nay, and leave the Contry Before he would live so. 

The Deponant, Being Intarogated whether ever he heard Col. Camp- 
beD say he would not retiun his Taxable property for the year '85, or ad- 
vise others not to return ; Being also ask'd if he ever heard Colo. Camp- 
bell say he thought we ought not to send members to the General Assem- 
bly from this County ; Being further ask'd whether Colo. Campbell recom- 
mended him or others to Join in a Separation from the State of Virginia 
and unite with the Franklin people in their scheme of Separation ? The 
fourth Question being ask^d, whether or not he heard Colo. Campbell ad- 
vise the Court of Washington not to admit the Feild officers under the 
Governor's Proclamation to Quallifie to their Commissions ? The De- 
ponant's answer was to Each of the above Questions was, he did not. 


May 3d 




James Thompson, one of the Complainants, 

Deposeth and saith, that on the 19th day of July, '85, Washington Court- 
day, being present when the Feild officers* Commissions were laid Before 
s'd Court, in Order to be Quallified thereto, and the Governor's Procla- 
mation Being red, Colo. Arthur Campbell, then on the Bench, ask*d to 
look at the Commissions, or some of them, which were handed to him, 
who, after looking thereon, s*d the Proclamation and Commissions were 
unconstitutional and Illegal ; for that the Governor had no right to Issue 
such a proclamation and Commissions ; then, Quiting the Bench and Ad- 
rtsed himself to the Court, telling them that the militia law was arbitrary, 
Tiranical, and oppressive, at the same time Condemning the Assembly for 
Ennacting the Law, said that the power of enforcing the law was in the 
power of the Court and people, and not in the Executive, and hop'd that 
the Court would pay no reguard to the militia law or the Proclamation ; 
also hoped that the Court would not suffer the officers to Qualiiie at that 

The Deponant being Intarogated, Whether he ever heard Colo. Camp- 
bell say he Would not return his Taxable property for the year '85, Or 
Advise others not to do it, Or say Virginia had no right to ask Money as 
Taxes of us ; Being also ask'd if ever he hard Colo. Campbell say he 
thought we Ought not to send Members to the General Assembly from 
County; Being fiirth^ ask'd whether he heard Col. Campbell 





1786. recommend him or Others to join a Separation from the State of Virginia 
May 3d and unite with the Franklin people in their Scheme of Saparation. The 
Deponant's answer to each of the above Questions was, no. And Fur- 
ther saith not 


Washington By order of the Executive, to take Depositions in behalf of the State 
Courthouse against Col. Arthur Campbell, do certify that James Thompson, one of 
the complainants, came before us and made oath that he delivered the 
Citation to Col Campbell on the i8th day of April last to Attend the 
Commissionrs on the 3d, fourth and 5th, fifteenth. Sixteenth and Seven- 
teenth, Twenty-fifth, Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh days of May at 
Washington Courthouse. 
Given under our hands and Seals this 4th of May, 1786. 

DAVID WARD, [Seal.] 

AND. COWAN, [Seal.] 




By John Campbell, Brother to Col. Arthur Campbelle, for his non-appear- 
ance at the Town of Abingdon, on the 3d and 4th days of May, at the 
takeing Depositions was, as the Said John Campbell informed us, his 
Brother Wrote to him, first, his Children had the Whooping Cough ; 
Second, he was Backward with his Spring Crop, and, Lasdy, he did not 
think he was Legally notifyed. 
Certify' d under our hands and Seals this 4th Day of May, 1786. 

DAVID WARD, [Seal.] 
ANDR, GOWAN, [Seal.] ' 


Washington Taken in the Case of the Commonwealth of Va. against Arthur Campbell, 

Courthouse, &c., before the Commissioners appointed, &c. : 

Charles Bowen 

Deposed, in substance, to the same facts as sworn to by Jas. Thompson, 
Thos. Berry, Andrew Kinkead, and others. 


William Crabtree « 1786. 

Deposeth and Saith : That some time in the summer, 1784, being at May 4th 
Arthur Campbell's house, and falling into discourse about the sheriff of 
Montgomery County seizing and Selling Horses, taken on Execution at 
an under Value, said Campbell addressing himself to the Deponent said, 
don't you let or suffer any sheriff whatever to take your Property and 
sell it, but rather apply to your muskets for Redress, and I will back you. 
Being asked whether he ever heard Col. Campbell say he would not 
make return of his own property, and advised others to Do likewise; that 
members of the Assembly should not be elected from that County ; that 
he recommended joining the People of Franklin in their Scheme for 
Separation, and advised the Co. Court not to commission the Field Offi- 
cers appointed, &c, the Deponent answered, " No." 

Arthur Bowen 

Deposed in substance to the facts, heretofore recorded, in regard to the 
resbtance to collection of the taxes ; to the reply made by Gen'l Russell 
to Campbell's Speech on this subject at meetings of the people, and to 
the threat made by them that they would take up arms before they would 
pay the tax ; that Campbell's friends huzzed for Liberty, &c., &c. But he 
had never heard Campbell advocate the policy of not sending delegates 
to the Assembly, or refuse to give in his own taxable property. But he 
had heard him advocate the separation from Virginia, on the ground that ' 
" the laws which answered the people down the country did not answer 
us," and he thought it was best to unite with the Franklin People. He 
was present at Court when Col. Campbell, tho' on the Bench, opposed the 
Commissioning the Feild Officers, appointed by the Governor. 

Andrew Cowan 

Deposed, that at March Court, 1785, at Smith's Tavern, in Abingdon, he 
asked Arthur Campbell " if he intended to stand a Pole at the Ensuing 
Elections," he answered no, and added, " it was best to send no members 
to the Assembly." He had never heard him advocate refusal to give in 
return of taxable property, or a separation from the State, but he had been 
present on the occasion when Col. Campbell opposed the Commissioning 
the Feild officers of the County. 

George Clarke 

Deposeth and Saith : That at March Court, afler Mr. Montgomery was 
sworn in sheriff, being in company with Col. Campbell in Abingdon, the 
deponent ask'd said Campbell his opinion about paying Taxes. Col. 
Campbell said that if he was in the old setders' places he would not pay 
any Taxes to the State of Virginia* The iPeponent ask'd what would be- 



1786. come of himself and others if the sheriff should Distress for the Tax ? 

May 4th Colo. Campbell said if that should be the case he would have a Petition 

for a Separation from the State of Virginia. The Deponent said we 

should still have the Taxes to pay. Colo. Campbell Reply'd we should 

have small acknowledgment to pay. 

He had never hear Col. Campbell advocate refusal to make returns of 
of taxable property, or say that Virginia had no right to " ask money as 
Taxes of us " ; he had heard him recommend that delegates should not 
be sent to the Gen'l Assembly " for one year." When questioned in re- 
gard to the Commissioning the County Field officers, he said That when 
the Commissions were brought in and laid on the Table, Colo. Campbell 
Ask'd his Brother, David Campbell, for the Acts of Assembly, and he 
handed them to him as he sat on the Bench, and he read a few Lines and 
then tum*d round and took his Hatt, and said it is not worth minding 
such nonsense, and step*d down. And after some Debating, said it was 
not worth while to pay any Regard to such Laws or Commissions. 
* * * * Some Persons present Reply'd that we 

ought to pay Regard to such Laws as came from the Governor and Coun- 
cil, And Colo. Campbell Reply'd that the Governor was no more than any 
other Individual. 

Rob't Preston 

Deposed that he was at the meeting held at Sinking Spring Meeting 
House in consequence of a *letter received from Col. Campbell, Dated at 
Goodwood, Feb*y 7th, 1785, and after hearing his arguments against pay- 
ing the revenue tax and the execution of the militia law, he " chose to 
leave the meeting," not being satisfied with Campbell's statements. Upon 
which Col. Campbell endeavoured to persuade him to stay, expressing 
surprise that he, " an Irishman, was so Indifferent " about his Liberty, in- 
timating thereby that it was in danger. 

The deponent had never heard Col. Campbell express the opinion that 
Virginia had no right to Tax that County, nor that delegates should not 
be sent to the Gen*l Assembly. But upon further examination, " he heard 
Col. Campbell say that he would wish us to be in a separate State, in con- 
nection with those who are now cal'd the State of Franklin, or words to 
that purpose, and that he thought we could Live better under A new 
Government than under the Present Government, as what money we had 
amongst us would continue to circulate amongst us, and would not go to 
the Eastward, from whence litde or none of it Returns." When asked by 
what means Col. Campbell said he expected to obtain a new State, he re- 
plied he intended to begin with Petitions to the General Assembly of Vir- 
ginia and to Congress. In regard to the commissioning the Feild officers, 
he further deposed " that at the July Court, 1785, Col. Campbell, not be- 
ing on the Bench, used many arguments, Endeavouring to persuade the 

*This letter has already been recorded* 


Court not to permit the officers to swear in to their Commissions under the 1786. 
present militia Law ; Representing the said Law as subversive to the Lib- May 4th 
erties of A free People." Also, "As the Governor had Issued a Procla- 
mation suspending said Law till a certain time, that he did not think they 
had a Right to Enforce the said Law by any other Proclamation till that 
time was Expired," and wished to have the " swearing in " put off until 
August Court next, at which time he was not afraid but he would have 
other orders from the Executive of the State." The Deponent further 
saith not. 

Sworn to before us, the Commissioners, in obedience to an order of 
the Executive, bearing date the 3d day of April, 1786, for taking Depo- 
sitions in behalf of the State against Colo. Arthur Campbell, and under 
notice by the Complainants for that purpose, given to him the 18th of 

April last 

DAVID WARD, [Seal.] 

AND. COWAN, [Seal.] 



James Hayes to the Governor, May 5th 

Expressing his regret " that the Laws of the last Session could not pos- 
sibly be compleated sooner than they were; their uncommon number, 
together with the great length of some of them, would have put it out of 
the power of any Printer to have finished within the time expressed in 
the Resolution of October Session 1783." 

Arthur Campbell May 5th 

To Messrs. James Montgomery, William Edmiston, Saml. Edmiston, Jas. 
Kincannon, Jas. Thompson, Arthur Bowen, or any of them, notifying 
them that In compliance with the Orders of the hon'ble, the Executive of 
Virginia, bearing date the 13th Day of December, 1785, and the 5th Day 
of April, 1786, and in conformity to the Act of Assembly to extend the 
powers of the Govertior and Council, he should proceed to take the 
Depositions of Col. James Dysart, Robt. Craig, Wm. Tate, Major M. 
Montgomery, John Kincaid, and many others, at Washington Court 
House, on certain days of this month (May), &c. 


1786. W. J. MouLSON TO Gov. Henky. 

Sir : 

May 6th Called upon not only from my anxiety for my immediate Acquain- 

Cumberland tances, but likewise for my Countrymen in general, I thus presume to 
address you, and if proper will attend you at any moment to explain 
what is merely impossible I could do on Paper. A dangerous insurrec- 
tion is among the Negroes meditated, and a litde after Harvest they 
mean to put it in Execution. A Hint to your Excellency I know to be 
sufficient when the importance is so great Your mandate will call me 
from Cumberland Court House, at the first notice of it, when I will dis- 
close the names of Some of the principals, and various other matters 
relative to the affair, which, by Stratagem, I drew from one who was to 
have been very active. If you think this worth your observation, send 
for your obedient Serv't, &c. &c 


Loudoun Nominating Thomson Mason, EsqV, to supply the place of George West, 
county deceased, late Colo, of the first Battalion of Militia, &c. 


Point Informing him he had to borrow money on his own account to purchase 

of Fork. ^^Q waggon horses and Iron for the use of ye Public. Six months' pay 

was due the Armorers and Guards, who he feared would not remain in 

the service unless paid. He is willing to wait for his own Salary, but is 

solicitious in regard to the former. 


Washington Notified to attend at Washington Co. House the twenty-ninth, thirtieth, 

county and thirty-first days of May, in order to be present at the Examination 

of Witnesses, and the takeing depositions, &c., relative to charges against 

him by Wm. Edmiston, Jas. Kincannon, Saml. Edmiston and Jas. 




Certify that the notification given to Arthur Campbell for taking Deposi- 
tions on the third, fourth, and fifth, fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth, 
twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, and twenty-seventh days of May was not legal, 
as the names of the witnesses was not mentioned in the notification. 



Deposition of James Dysart, Gent. 


Taken before John Kincaid, John Lathim, and James Fulkerson, Commis- May i8th 

sioners appointed by the Hon'bl., the Executive, &c., deposeth and saith : Washington 


That Arthur Campbell advised said deponent to pay his publick tax^ 
and also at a meeting at Mr. Colly's, some weeks before the election in ye 
year '85, some person there present proposed a question whether some- 
thing should be said concerning the payment of publick taxes. Arthur 
Campbell, then sitting, arose quickly and went from the company, saying 
it was a matter that did not come before them. After going out of Doors 
the deponent heard Arthur Campbell say it was his oppinion that the 
people should give in their Taxable property and pay there Tax, and fur- 
ther saith that at s'd meeting that Arthur Campbell proposed that either 
the deponent or Aaron Lewis should offer as Candidates at the insuing 
election, and accordingly said Lewis stood a pole. The deponent further 
saith that he never heard Arthur Campbell wish for a new State in an ir- 
regular way, but wish'd to petition the Assemby of Virginia and the Con- 
tinental Congress, and also saith that s'd Arthur Campbell, in the forego- 
ing instances, was acting as a private citizen and Aot as a Justice of the 
peace, and further said, on being interrogated, that s'd Arthur Campbell 
bore the character of understanding the Law very well and administered 
Justice agreeably thereto, &c. 

Certified under our hands and seals agreeable to notice, this eighteenth 
day of May, 1786, at Washington Court House. 


The Deposition of Elisha Dungan, 

Taken under order of April 5th, 1786, deposeth and saith : 

That Arthur Campbell never advised him not to pay Tax, but rather 
advised him to pay. The Deponent further saith that Arthur Campbell 
advised him and others to send members to the Gen'l Assembly, and the 
deponent Further saith that he saw a petition to the Governor and Assem- 
bly, Requesting a new state. The deponent Further Saith that he look'd 
upon Arthur Campbell to be acting as a private citizen, and Further saith 
that he never new Campbell to act contrary to law as a magistrate, nor 
never beard of it. And Further saith not 

The Deposition of George Finley, &c. 

That in the month of June, '85, at Mrs. Smith's House, in the Town of 
Abingdon, Mr. David Watson, ask'd Arthur Campbell what would be done 

May i8th 



27^ jdxmt paying thdr Tax. Arthur Campbdl repl>*d he dEd not know what 
May xatb would be done, for money was Ezoeecfii^y acaroe, and was afiaid that peo- 
ple would be dtstreas'd. Mr. Watson s'd if he could adl a Cow for 
half the value, or any of his p ropert y , he oonld pay his Tax. Arthur 
CampbeD made answer if he could seD for one-thiid the value he might 
spare that much property to pay his Tax. The drpnnanf Further saith 
that Arthur Campbell s'd he had been lucky enough to tab as muci money 
as would pay his Tax, but was of opinion, from die aca i city of money, 
there was not one man in Ten in his neigboihood had money to pay thdr 
Tax. The deponent Further saith he never heard Arthur Campbdl ad- 
vise any perKm not to send members to the Genl Assembly, and Further 
saith he hard Arthur Campbell dedare himsdf publiddy an advocate for 
a new state, as soon as the county or old state was ripe for a deviticMi, and 
Further aaith that a new state seem'd to be a Bug-Bear to some people 
and a stoking Horse of opposition, but for his part he did not Wish to 
force it untiU it could be obtain'd in a legal manner by Petition to the As- 
sembly and through the Assembly to Coi^^ress. The deponent Further 
saith, in July (Wadiington Court), '85, he heard Arthur Campbdl say, 
standing by the Q^k's Table, that he did not a]^Mdiend that the Court 
was oUeedg'd to sweaf in the officers at that time, and wish'd the matter 
to be postponed undU the August Court, untill such times as the Governor 
Could be Inform'd of the nature of the Case. The deponant Further 
saith he look*d upon Arthur Campbell to be then acting as a private dti- 
zen, and not as a Justice of the peace. The deponant Further saith he 
never knew or heard of Arthur Campbell's malpractices as a magistrate, 
butjieard numbers of persons say he was the aUest magistrate that sat 
upon the Bench. And Further saith not 

Certified under Our hands and seab agreeably to Notice given at Wash- 
ix^;ton Court House, thb i8th day of May, 1786. 

JOS. BLACK, [Seal] 

May 19th Arthur Campbell to James Montgomery, Wm. Edmiston, &c., &c. 


I intend, if necessary, to Continue taking the depositions of the 
Papers named in my notice, dated the fifth day of this instant, May, at 
Washington Courthouse, the twenty-ninth, thirtieth, and thirty-first days 
of this month; also the Depositions of Capt John Jameson, Col. David 
Looney, Gilbert Christian, John Anderson, and Major George Maxwell. 
Given under my hand May 19th, 1786. 


The Deposition of Alexander Breckenridge, 1786. 

Taken before John Kinkead, John Lowry and Joseph Black, Commis- May 19th 
sioners, &c., Deposeth and Saith : That he never heard Arthur Campbell Washington 
advise persons chargeable with public Tax to refuse payment thereof. county 
The deponent farther saith, that he never heard Arthur Campbell men- 
tion Publiddy anything respecting a separation from Virginia, but in pri- 
vate conversation he heard him say when it came with the leave of State 
and Congress he would be satisfied. The deponent further saith, that he 
allowed that Arthur Campbell was acting as a private Citizen and not as 
a Justice of the peace in the foregoing Conversation. The deponent fur- 
ther saith, that he never knew Arthur Campbell guilty of misconduct and 
malpractice as a Justice of the peace. The deponent further saith not 


The Deposition of Joseph Snodgrass, 

Taken before John Kincead, John Lowry and Joseph Black, Commis- 
sioners, &c., &c., Deposeth and Saith: That he knows nothing about 
Arthur Campbell advising people chargeable with pui;>lic Taxes to refuse 
payment thereof. ♦♦♦*:!€** 

The Deposition of Benjamin Sharp, 

Taken, &c., &c., Deposeth and Saith : That he never heard him give any 
such advise as to induce persons chargeable with Public Taxes to refuse 
payment thereof. ******* 

That at a meeting of the inhabitants of Washington County at sinking 
spring meeting house in February, 1785, when he gave particular atten- 
tion to the conversation and debates that happened, and that he does not 
Remember to hear Arthur Campbell say that he would take up his 
musket and fight till he would die, rather than pay Taxes. And the 
deponent further saith, that he heard Arthur Campbell read the Estima- 
tion of Accompts, which operated as Taxes in the Western Country (to 
wit), The composition money, Additional Tax upon Land of five shil- 
lings per htmdred, and the sixth part of surveyor*s fees, &c. And The 
Deponent further saith, that he never heard Arthur Campbell advising 
freeholders not to Elect members to serve in the General Assembly. The 
Deponent further saith, that perhaps he heard Arthur Campbell say that 
he thought a separation would be more convenient for this Country than 
to be connected with the Commonwealth of Virginia, but never heard 
him express a desire to obtain such separation by any other means than 
by petitioning the Legislature. And the Deponent further saith, that he 
considered Arthur Campbell in the foregoing cases not acting of&dally 
as a magistrate but as a private citizen of the Commonwealth. And he 
farther saith, that he never knew Arthur Campbell guilty of malpractices 
and misconduct, and that he ever bore the character of a magistrate of 
good abilities. The Deponent further saith not 


1786. The Deposition of John.Lathim» 

May 19th Taken before John Kincaed, John Lowry and Jos. Black, &c., &c., 
deposeth and Saidi: That he knew nothing of Arthur Campbell's 
advising persons Chargeable with public Taxes to refuse payment thereof. 
And the Deponent further saith, that on July, Washington Court day, 
that William Russell came into Court to swear into Commission. Arthur 
Campbell, then on the bench, asked him what Commission, and there- 
upon William Russell handed him a paper, caird the Governor's procla- 
mation, and after reading on it some time, he stept down off the bench 
and desired the Judge not to be too hassty in taking the opinion of the 
Court until the Court was more full, and afterwards there was a number 
of members called into Court William Russell insisted very hard to 
swear in, because the frontiers were likely to suffer for want of officers. 
Arthur Campbell replied, that there was as much done in that case as 
possibly could be done, he thought, and after a great deal of discourse 
passing between the two, Arthur Campbell desired that it should be post- 
poned until the August Court, until such times as the minds of the people 
could be taken in general throughout the County, and if it was the desire 
of the people at large he had no objections, but submitted freely^ for he 
did not wish to wear a Commission under the Law, or Contrary to the 
desire of the People in general. Said Deponent being Interogated 
Whether he heard said Arthur Campbell say that the Militia Law was 
arbitrary, tyrannical and oppressive, answered, that he did not remem- 
ber such expressions, but that he remembers to hear s'd Campbell say 
that it was obnoxious. And that the proclamation was no Law. William 
Russell made answer, and Said it sufficient to enforce a Law. The De- 
ponent further saith. That if he had been in said Arthur Campbell's situ- 
ation he would have retired off the bench also — ^The said Deponent being 
a member of the Court, and sat on the bench during the above transac- 
tions— ******** 

That Arthur Campbell did not vote or give his opinion as a magistrate, 
and that he had never known an instance of his being guilty of mis- 
conduct as a Justice of the peace. 

Certified to by 



JOS. BLACK, [Seal.] 

May 20th Tho. Arthur to Gov, Henry, 

Franklin Opposing the appointment of Hugh Inness, Col. Commanding of that 

county County, on the ground of his age, his being inactive, and never shew'd 

his Friendship to the Commonwealth in our last War, and have generally 


been suspected to disafiection, and certainly not without a ver>' Just 
cause. * '^ '^ . ^ ^ '^ ^ ^ 

A large majority of the Militia and old Officers with myself conceive, 
should he meet with his appointment, it might be attended with bad con- 
sequences. I hope his Excellency, for the great Trust repos'd in him for 
the Ease and benefit of hb Subjects, will take it under consideration, &c. 



May 20th 

Joseph Hornsby to Gov. Henry, 

May 22d 

Advising him of his having drawn on the Treasurer for ;^2oo, under Williams- 
Authority of the Directors of the Hospital for the reception of Idiotts, "^ 
Lunatics and Persons of Insane Mind, to be forwarded to him by Mr. 
James Gait, &c. 

Georgia — In Council. 

Augusta, 23 May, 1786. 
Ordered^ That His Honor, the Governor, make immediate application 
to His Excellency, the Governor of Virginia, for the loan of Five Hundred 
stand of arms. Five Hundred Dragoon Swords and accoutrements, and . 
that He pledge the faith of the State that a Return thereof to the place 
from whence the Same be taken be made, on the termination of the pres- 
ent disturbances between this State and the Indians. 

Extract from the minutes. 


Sec'y^ E. C. 

Edw'd Telfair to the Gov*r of Virginia. 

The Commonwealth in which your Excellency presides, having, on 
all occasions, displayed every patrocination to any of her sister States 
when required, have induced the Executive of this State to enter into the 
inclosed Order, upon which the present communication is founded. 

The Savage depredations that have of late taken place on our western 
frontier, and the want of a sufficient supply of arms, &c., to give full en- 
ergy to defensive measures, I hope will plead a forcible excuse for the lib- 
erty taken on the present occasion. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's 

most obed't, h'ble Serv't. 

May 27th 


Bill of Lading 

May 29th 

And certificate of military Inspector given for the arms ordered by the Tulle, 
State of Virginia, &c. F^nce 



1786. The Deposition of John Kinkead, &c., &c. 

May 30th Who Deposeth and sayth the Respecting the first charge he knows 
Washington nothing. Respecting the second charge, the said Deponant sayeth he 
Courthouse knows nothing further than that he asked Arthur Campbell, in Smith's 
Tavern, in the year 1785, if he meant to« stand a poll at the Ensuing Elec- 
tions ? S'd Campbell replied he believed not, until he did in Frankland 
State. Immediately a dispute arose between Arthur Campbell, John 
Berry, and James Montgomery, who was then present, about State affidrs, 
which appeared to be in Jest. ****** 

In answer to the fourth charge, said Deponant sayeth that he came into 
the Courthouse on the first Day of the July Court, in the year 1785, Co- 
lonel Campbell was then standing on the floor and General Russell also; 
in a warm Dispute. Deponant sayeth he went on the Bench and asked 
the reason of the Dispute. Gen'l Russell Immediately handed him a 
Commission from the Governor, and desired to be Qualified to it Colonel 
Campbell replied he wished the court carefully to Examine into the matter. 
Gen'l Russell Replied there was no need for much consideration about it, 
for there was the Field officers' Commissions and the Governor's Procla- 
mation to enforce the militia Law. Col. Campbell Replied the Governor's 
• Proclamation was no Law. Gen'l Russell said it was sufficient to Enforce 
a law. Col. Campbell said it was uncertain whether it was the Governor's 
Proclamation or not, as it was not in Print. Said Campbell further said 
he had been Lieutenant in the County ever since it took place, and never 
had been guilty of any misconduct that he had been call'd to account for, 
and did not know the Reason why he should be superceded, unless it was 
through some misrepresentaton. General Russell replied it was in conse- 
quence of the new militia Laws taking place. Colonel Campbell replied 
that he did not know that such a strict regard ought to be paid to that 
Proclamation untill it was farther Enquired into, as it was Issued contrary 
to Law and not being in print. And said Deponant further sayeth that 
Col. Campbell wished the Court not to proceed into Judgement hastily, 
but postpone the Decission until the August Court untill application could 
be made to the Executive, and untill the nature of the new militia Law 
could be fully explained to the people at Large, and then, if it was their 
choice to live under it, then let them take it in the name of God, for he 
would submit freely to it and take his musquet on his shoulder and faU into 
the Ranks as well as other men. Said Deponant further sayth that Genl 
Russell replied that the Frontiers might suffer for the want of officers. Col. 
Campbell answered that the former officers who had acted would continue 
to serve, and the militia would be readier to Do Duty under the old Law 
or former officers than the new. He had never heard Col. Campbell say 
the militia Law was arbitrary and tyrannical. Being interogated if he 
would have kept his seat on the Bench if he had been in Col. Campbell's 
place, said he would not, as he wou'd not wish to sit Judge in his own case ; 
and being further interrogated, sayeth that he considered Arthur Campbell 


acting as a private citizen and not in Execution of his office as a Justice 1786. 
of the peace, and further sayeth that said Campbell did not give his vote May 30th 
in the matter, but left the Courthouse, and that he never knew any in- 
stance of Arthur Campbell's malpractice in Execution of his office — that 
he had been intimately acquainted with Arthur Campbell since the year 
1774. And said Deponent being interrogated, sayeth that James Thom- 
son, one of the complainants, on appearing to give his Evidence against 
said Campbell, said none of the complainants wou'd have wished to give 
Evidence in the case, if had not been for an official letter from the Gov- 
ernor ; and at another time said it was a particular Letter from the Gov- 
ernor. And further sayeth not. 

Certified under our hands and seals the 30th day of May, 1786. 


The Deposition of Joseph Black Taken, &c., &c. May 30th 

He never heard said Campbell advise persons against Electing members Washington 
to the General Assembly, but he recommended to the deponent Colonel county 
Aaron Lewb and Mathew Willoughby for candidates. He had heard Ar- 
thur Campbell say that it would be to the advantage of the western 
Country to be seperate from Virginia, and said Deponant further saith that 
the said Arthur Campbell produced to him a newspaper, wherein the Re- 
solves of Congress was respecting the Boundaries of new States, and gave 
his opinion where he thought the lines would run ; and said Deponant 
further saith, that the said Campbell did not wish to be joined with the 
Kentucky, but said if the people in the western part of North Carolina 
woold conduct matters Regularly he would Rather join them ; that he did 
not wish a separation any other way than by Petitioning the Assembly of 
Virginia and memorial to Congress. He did not consider Arthur Camp- 
bell as acting as a Justice of the peace in the steps he had taken, but as a 
private citizen. He had never knew of his having been guilty of mal- 
practice in that office. He further deposed that James Thompson, one of 
the Complainants, on appearing to give his Evidence against said Camp- 
bell, said none of the complainants would have given evidence in the case 
if it had not of been for an official letter from the Governor, and at an- 
other time he said a particular letter. 

Certified under our hands and seals, at the Court house, the 30th day of 
May, 1786. 



1786. To his Excellency the Governor of Virginia^ 
May 31st ^^^ l^ honorable the Council of Stale : 

The Memorial of Arthur Campbell 

Arthur Sheweth : That conscious of the purity of his iatentions, and the inoflfen- 
memorial siveness of his transactions in 1785, he, last April, waved his undoubted 
privilege of viva voce testimony being produced against him before your 
hon'ble Board in June next — ^That he should not have waved such a 
benefit had it not been for the apparent sense of the Board in April last, 
and in confidence that the same rule for admiting evidence would be 
adopted before the Commissioners appointed to take depositions, as are 
always adhered to in the Court of Law — That such rules have been dis- 
regarded, and persons admitted to swear, who are parties in the dispute, 
and others interested, and not creditable Witnesses — That as all your 
Memorialist's conversation complained of happened at public places, 
where were a large number of the inhabitants generally assembled, 
several of whom must have heard what words were spoken, as well as 
Colo. Russell or any of the avowed complainants — That he has no objec- 
tion, and it was really his desire to have a number of the most creditable, 
disinterested persons in the County to say on their oath what they knew 
of the charges brought against your memorialists. However, he believes 
there are a sufficient number of such persons already qualified to make 
the truth appear to your honorable Board, without being obliged to resort 
to testimony indirecdy obtained, and coming from such persons under 
the influence of passions as always vitiate testimony in the Court of Law. 
Your Memorialist therefore prays that none of the Depositions taken 
before the Commissioners in Washington County, dated the third, fourth, 
and fifth days of this instant, may be admitted against him, because, how- 
ever secure, he may now conclude himself from the attack of malice. Yet 
the precedent would be a dangerous one, and might one day return on 
- the heads of those who now are so passionately anxious for the destruc- 
tion of one who have really done the public no wrong. 

And your Memorialist shall pray, &c. 

May 31st, 1786. 


Washington Taken, &c., under order of April 5th, 1786. * * * 

county And the Deponent further Saith : That at July Court, 1785, he was sent 
for to come into Court, and when he came in, saw Arthur Campbell 
standing on the ^oor, and after the said deponent, taking his seat on the 
bench, Colo. Russell produced to the bench a Commission, which he was 
desirous of swearing into. Arthur Campbell wished the bench to con- 
sider the matter maturely first Col. Russell told the Court they could 



not get over Swearing the Officers into this Commission, as there was the 1786. 
Governor's Proclamation enforcing the new Militia Law in this County. May 31st 
A mqnber of the Court was desirous of seeing the proclamation, upon 
which it was handed to the Court, when Arthur Campbell raised some 
objections against it, as it was an unusual manner in which it came ; but, 
however, Colo. Russell still insisted to swear into the Commissions, urging 
that there was a necessity for swearing into them, as the frontier was in 
danger of being harassed by the Indians. Arthur Campbell made answer, 
that every necessary measure had been taken for the defence of the fron- 
tiers, and said that the Officers which had acted would not neglect doing 
every duty for the frontiers in their power until the August Court, which 
was the longest time he wanted ; that the then Officers which was to swear 
into their Commissions should be opposed, if nothing was done in the 
Executive fevourable to the old Officers, for he was certain he said there 
had been some misrepresentation went to the Executive, or they never 
would have thrown out Officers that had never been called to an account 
for any misconduct. He likewise further said, that he would leave it to 
the choice of the people, which could be known against the August 
Court; and if the new Militia Law was the choice of a majority of the 
people, he would be heartily agreed, and could shoulder his musket as 
well as any of them; and then the said Arthur Campbell retired out of the 
house, and he does not remember of his returning into the house that day. 
He considered Arthur Campbell as acting as a private citizen merely, in 
his course, and had never known of his having been guilty of misconduct 
as a Justice of the Peace, &c. 

The deponent being Interrogated, what Information did James Mont- 
gomery give, one of the days of the last Court respecting his reasons and 
motives for accusing Arthur Campbell for malpractices in his office as 
Justice of the peace ? Answers, on Wednesday, the 2d day of Court, in 
conversation with James Montgomery, said Montgomery often urged that 
he had been ill used by Arthur Campbell, and particularly for that Judg- 
ment which was obtained against him for holding a false Election in 1785, 
and for not getting Justice in recommendations. As a Militia officer, the 
said Deponant observed that no Judgment was yet obtained against him 
in Court, but he still insisted there was, and he blamed no other man but 
Arthur Campbell for it, and s'd Deponent asked s'd Montgomery why he 
and Arthur Campbell had so many disputes, as they were once good 
friends, and why they might not cordially drop these disputes and com- 
mence good friends again? Said Montgomery answered, that he had 
been willing to be good friends with him, but it was too late now, and if it 
had not been purely out of ambition and revenge, he never would have 
raised a charge against Colo. Campbell. 

And being further Interrogated, If what he heard him say, in his opin- 
ion, was in a dispute depending before this Court or relative to the charges 
now depending before the Executive? The said Deponent answered. 
That he understood it to be that which lay before the Executive. Being 


1786. further Interrogated, if he thought James Montgomery was in his proper 
May 31st senses, or if he thinks he was disguised with Liquour at the time they 
had this conversation ? The Deponent answers, that he drank share of 
a quart bowl of whiskey grog, and seem'd as if he had been drinking 
freely before; but s'd Deponent cannot say he was drunk, although he 
expressed himself very noisy, but as sensible as usual. And this Depo- 
nent further saith not 

May 31st Wm. Rose, K. P. Jail, to the Governor, 

City Jail In relation to the necessity of repairs to the Public Jail. He thinks that 
Oak Posts, of 12 or 14 feet long, would be the best security to prevent 
Elscapes. The floors and Sleepers are rotten, and should be relaid at 
once. He can do the entire work for 25 or 30;^s, with his own Hands 
and the runaways in Jail in the short space of six Days. The oak posts 
were intended for a palisade around the premises. Prisoners had made 
a breach in the walls, the bricks of which are laid in Sand rather than in 
mortar, which was wet, having been built only a fortnight, &c, &c 

May 31st Thos. Jefferson to the Governor of Virginia. 

Paris ^ Have communicated to Congress this day a copy of the resolutions 

of a Committee appointed here for the purpose of considering what may 
be done to improve the commerce between this country and U. S., 
together with a copy of the contract between the Farmers general and 
Mr. Morris, to which those resolutions refer. These resolutions have 
received the sanction of government, and been officially communicated to 
me. As the subject is peculiarly and principally interesting to the States 
of Maryland and Virginia, and prompt notice is above all things neces- 
sary, to prevent individual merchants from monopolizing this year's benefit, 
I have thought it my duty to communicate, by different conveyances to 
the Governors of each of those States, copies of the resolutions and con- 
tract, that their citizens may have as early notice of them as possible. 
I have the honour to be, with sentiments of the highest respect,) 
Your Excellency's most obedient and most humble Serv't 

June ist This Day James Kincanon made Oath 

Before me, a justice of the peace for Washington County, on the 
holy Avengelist of Almighty God, that he heard Joseph Black inter- 
ogated by the Complainants against Arthur Campbell. S*d Black said he 
heard s'd Campbell, on the i6th of May, 1786, say neither the commis- 


sioners or witnesses were under obligations to take depositions or give 1786. 
testimony, except they cliose to do it under the order from the Executive, June ist 
and on the 31st of the same month s'd Kincanon was present when the 
Commissioners eraised that part of his deposition on Arthur Campbell's 
saying it had -not a right to be inserted. 
Sworn to Before me, June the ist, 1786. 


William Edmiston, Jas. Kincanon, Samuel Edmiston, and Jas. June 2nd 

Thompson, Commissioners, to Gov*r Henry. 

Agreeable to the second order from your Excellency to take deposi- 
tions in behalf of the State against Arthur Campbell, we have proceeded. 
And on the iSth day of April, being the day of Washington Election, we 
gave him notice to attend at the Courthouse, the third, fourth, and fifth, 
fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth, twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, and twenty- 
seventh days of May. Alle the commissioners attended on the third of 
May, when information in behalf of Mr. Campbell, through his brother, 
John Campbell, was made to the ComnCrs that he should not attend the 
meeting, and gave for reasons he was backward in his spring crops, had 
the whooping-cough in his family, and lastiy the notice was illegal. The 
' Commissioners, after some deliberation, unanimously agreed to proceed and 
continuing the business during the first three days of notice, took sundry 
depositions, as will appear by the signature of the CamnCrSy the time and 
place of taking them ; which depositions, we are informed, are taken to 
Richmond by John Latham. On the fifthteenth we again attended to take 
depositions, and had several witnesses present, when Mr. Campbell ap 
peared and objected to the notice given him, alledging it was illegal, as it 
did not contain the names of the witnesses to be examined against him. 
He produced to the Comm'rs the Act for establishing the high Court of 
Chancery and Gen'l Court to support his objection to the notice, which 
appeared to us only to respect suitors litigant with persons residing out of 
the Commonwealth, and not expedient under the order fi'om the Execu- 

Be that as it may, his influence was sufficient, with three magistrates out 
of four, being all that were present the fifteenth and sixteenth — to give 
from under hands that the notice was illegal, and refused then proceeding 
on the business in behalf of the complainants, which lost us the testimony 
of sundry witnesses then present, and all summoned, some of whom at- 
tended — near thirty, others near forty miles. And two of the Comm*rs, 
Ward and Cowan, living in Russell County, a considerable distance from 
Washington Courthouse, could not attend oftener than the first three days, 
and a majority of the other comm'rs refusing to act when the witnesses at- 
tended, we fisdled in the depositions of Capt. Henry Smith and Benj. 
John, the former having heard Mr. Campbell advise the people of Wash- 
ii^^D, at March Court, 1785, to send no Delegates to the General Assem- 


1786. bly. And in presence of the latter said he would not return taxable prop- 
June 2nd erty for that year, with sundry others who heard his sentiments in opposi- 
tion to. the collection of taxes. In fact, sir, Mr. Campbell has again 
attempted every possible obstruction to prevent the necessary operations 
in obedience to the orders from the hon'bl. Executive; he foreseeing the 
Arst three days of taking depositions was the only prospect of the 
comm'rs being all present on the business, failed in his attendance ; and 
when he attended he openly, in the presence of the Comm'rs and the wit- 
nesses, declared that under the power from the Executive the Comm'rs 
were not obliged to take the depositions or the witnesses to attend, and he 
having a majority of the Comm'rs then present to reject our notice and to 
take depositions under his, we have failed in that equality of Justice in- 
tended by the order from your hon'ble board. 

But, sir, notwithsanding every equivocation of Mr. Campbell, we are 
inclined to hope sufficient legal testimony is taken at present, together 
with the letters in Mr. Campbell's own hand, now in possession of your 
hon*ble board, to support the charge against him. And if legally taken, 
we are desirous to rest the Issue thereof to the determination of your Ex- 
cellency, and the hon'ble, the privy Council, immediately, that through 
your wisdom it may be decided whether the information against him have, 
according to his insinuations, been by us unjustly founded, or be sufficient 
testimony to support the charges. 

And here it may be necessary to observe that the above contents of this 
letter, respecting Mr. Campbell's advice to the Comm'rs and Witnesses, 
was proven in Joseph Black's deposition (one of the Comm'rs) on the 
30th day of May, and on the 31st eraised, through the advice of Mr. 
Campbell, when only one of the complainants was present, who was over- 
ruled in his objection to the measure, as will appear by his affidavit 
Should your Excellency, and the hon'ble, the privy Council, find any 
defect in the present proceedings by the parties, we hope we may be once 
more indulged in a further hearing, in which case we beg leave to suggest 
the propriety of appointing Commissioners (to take the depositions), who 
reside below the Blue Ridge, who will most likely proceed impartially), 
and we hope the hon'ble executive will point out some mode for the 
notice and taking the evidence. ***** 

[Here the document has evidently been mutilated on purpose by tear- 
ing the lower part of the sheet entirely off. Then follow these words] : 

" Unless the hon'ble Executive should think proper to summon the Par- 
ties and Witnesses to attend personally before your hon'ble board, which 
we think would be the most certain mode to procure facts, which we can 
be informed of by Capt. Montgomery, one of the complainants," 

We are. Sir, 

Your Excellency's most ob't Serv'ls, &c., &c., &c. 



At a Meeting of Commissioners, 


Authorized by a Decree of Council, bearing date April 5th, 1786, to take June 2nd 
depositions respecting sundry charges exhibited against Arthur Campbell 
by Jas. Montgomery, William Edmiston, Jas. Kincannon, Saml. Edmiston 
Jas. Thompson and Arthur Bowan, complainants, and upon the law being 
produced to us, directing the mode of notifying parties for taking depo- 
sitions, are of opinion that the notification given to Arthur Campbell for 
taking Depositions on the third, fourth and fifth, fifteenth, sixteenth and 
seventeenth, twenty-fiflh, twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh days of May, 
was not legal, as the names of the Witnesses was not mentioned in the 
Given under our hands this i6th day of May, 1786. 

[A Copy.] 

J. Thompson, 


Certified to by James Thompson, before Wm. Edmiston, Justice of the 
Peace, 2nd day of June, 1786. 

An Anonymous Letter Addressed to the Executive, June 3d 

And signed Thirteen Friends, suggesting certain modes of raising Virginia 
revenue by taxation for the year 1787, as follows: 

Instead of 2^ p'r Cent, let the Duty be ^% p'r Cent, ad valarum upon 
the cost of the goods, to be paid at the end of six months, in the present 
circulating paper medium of this State. This would raise the paper into 
high estimation, and give it a fi'ee circulation through all hands, from the 
demands the merchants would have for it ; and it would very speedily 
arrive at the same d^^ee of Rank as a Tob'o note, and would, of course, 
go amongst the planters for half cash and half goods from the merchants 
in all quarters, &c., whereas, at present, its free circulation is only faindy 
aimed at by its paying 2S. 3d. Taxes, in place of cash. 

I think it evidendy appears, that if this channell for its circulation was 
once open'd, that unknown utility would result from the mode, and effec* 
tually not only give it a drculadon and confidence, even unto all Ranks of 
people, but stop the present difficulty and general cry for specie; and know- 
ing well that the paper medium of all Countrys hinges in a large propor- 
tion upon its commerce, and that commerce again depending upon the 
validity and Laws of the Country, I freely move this New Tax upon the 
above principles : 



1786. New Tax 7>^ p*r Cent, to oommenoe xst Jan'j, 1787, deduii^ it 

Juih; ad Death to imitate, penonate, or Coonterfiet the Paper to be reooFed. In 
pa3rment upon £400,000 it will yidd £y>fxxk. * * ♦ 

Anodier source, from whence a rdief migifat be drawn, is npon WiDs, 
Deeds and Conve3ranoes. Let an Office be estafafidied at Ridimond, 
where Books of Record riiall be kept far the dndy ^■^^■"■g and i -eoot diug 
the said mentioned papers, and a4ien done, a certificate, irith an Official 
Seal, certifying the validity of the same, and lawfidl entrrii^ tbereoC 
I would propose the folloiring Taxes npon these rtasurw, as bein^ both 
easy, li^t and digiUe: 

400 Vinils, (9 iO;^eadi £ 4/100 

800 Deeds, (a^ 6. 4,800 

600 Conveyances, @ 4. a^oo 

Upon wills none could refuse to pay ;^ia for recoixlins; a will, to give 

it its lawiiill effects. By so doing, and forever after, have recourse to the 
Office fora copy, in case o{ being lost or mislaid. 

As to Deeds and Conveyances, same as WiQs ; but in case of O^ys 
bdng wanted, in the event of the originals being lost or misbid, they 
shall be paid for at the rate of one Guinea for eadi (wills ezcqited) ; but 
recourse may be had to the reading of them giads, upon paying th^ 
chdf derk 5s. I would propose a tax upon a Certificate on the Back of 
the Register of every Vessell sold witliin the State. The naval Seal of 
Office should be affixed thereto, and a Register, ftc, ftc, sfaoold be kept 
at the office for that purpose, for whidi should be paid for every and each 
Transfer of Vessdl or Vessdls upon a Certificate, the sum of ^^3.; this 
would yield upon 200 Vessells £600. * * * * 

Another Tax I would propose, is is. p'r Ton on all Vessdls coming 
from Europe and Coastways, for the purpose of erectii^ a Light House 
and beacons at Cape Henry. No person could think hard of this Tax, it 
being meant and intended for the general and publick good of all Coun- 

Tax IS. p'r Ton, pay'ble at the naval office in one month, which upon 
40,000 Ton (2) IS., £2^000. 

As Tobacco is a Staple Commodity of this Country, firom whence other 
Countrys reaps the prindpal use of, both in use, and likewise affording a 
large revenue to the State, I do not see why the shippers of that artide 
should not pay a Duty on the exportation thereof in order to assist in 
liquidating a Foreign debt, and to encourage and afford a bounty upon 
the exportation of Cotton, the growth of this State. I would move for a 
Tax upon every and each Hhd. of Tobacco of 13s. 6d. p'r hhd., payable 
at the end of three months in Crop Tob'o at the Jas. River Warehouses, 
to be Sold every six months at a publick and convenient place for that 
purpose, to raise Cash for the same. 


Upoo 2S/300 Hhds^ Shipped from the State of Virgmia« (gi 12s. 6d. p. 17^ 
UkL, b jf 15.625. June 3d 

Dednct Bounty allowed on Cotton^ the growth of the State of Virginia, 
ooly. Say for every bag or Bale weig*g n*tt 200 lbs., shall be allow'd 2d. p. 
Sl, and die Certificate or note of its we^ht shall express and unto the 
, on 100,000 lbs. @ 2d., or 500 Bales of 200 lbs. n'tt (<d 

33^ 4d. p. Bale, 835. 6. 8, /i4»79i- i3- 4- 

This Surpios of ^^14,791. 13s. 4d. is sufficient to answer not only the 
aomal Bounty, bat bdp in liquidating the Foreign debt ; and I am happy 
in knowii^ diat I have a vast many people of my opinion that the pro- 
portion of Tobacco made is by fiur too great Was less made, a more 
equitable and steady price would be got, as well as proving more satis- 
fiictory untD the people. However, they have been so long used to the 
n^irlng of it, dot dicy have not strove to make any Cotton, either from 
n^[Iect or a want of knowledge of a vent for the commodity of Cotton. 
I am dearly of opinion that this bounty hdd forth would be the means of 
a us we iiug a number of solid services to the People and State. 

Anodier source, from whence I see no reason of just cause why a fund 
should not be raised from, and that is a Tax upon all British Merchants 
not Gtiaens of the State. I would move a Tax on all such of £4. p*r 
qfM f titn , and £1. los. per Annum up>on all young men or Book-keepers 
serving them. It is but equitable that as they live in our Country they 
diould share a port of our burthens, and support the Government of a 
Stale they are protected by : 

Upoo 1,200 merchants, @ £4. jf4.3oo 

Upon 2,400 deris, @ 30s. 3>6oo 


The foregoing Taxes, amoundi^ to jC66,ggi. 13. 4d., is humbly sub- 
mitted unto the Governor and Coundll of the State of Virginia by one 
who is a friend and wdl-wisher unto the Commonwealth. 

Jos. Nkvill to Gov. Henry. June 3d 


Cdo. Francis Deakings and mysdf has been out a Viewing and Lay- Hardy 
ing off the Road over the All^^ania mountain, to be cut by this State and ^^"^y 
the State of Maryland, and is now preparing to open the same. We have 
agreed to draw ^^500 from eadi State, which, we think, will be suffident for 
the first openii^. » » * * * You will 

please to fiimish Mr. Vanmeter, the bearer hereof, with the same. 

I am sir, your most 

obedient, Humb. Serv't, &c., &c. 




BoLLiNG Stark to the Governor, 

June 4th Making application to be appointed Collector of Customs, under the new 
Richmond 'aw of Congress, for the Port of Norfolk. He prefers that place particu- 
larly, in order that he should enjoy the inexpressible pleasure of being 
visited by my children, several of them having fixed their residence at that 
place, and adds : '* The new law will be carried into execution about the 
time of my dismission from the publick service, an Event I have very 
often looked forward to with infinite concern and regret, but which he will 
consider a fortunate circumstance if he can secure this place," &c. 

June 7th 

L. Wood, Jr., Solicitor, 


Richmond Enclosing to the Governor the Report of Andrew Dunscomb, Commis- 
Solicitor's sioner to setde the accounts of State of Virginia with the United States for 
expenditures incurred during the late war with Great Britain. The state- 
ment of the late Commissioner, Zepheniah Turner, and that of the under- 
signed, Andrew Dunscomb, had been compared with the Receipt Book of 
the Commonwealth's Treasurer, and found to agree in amount — viz : " Elx- 
penditures from the 13th September, 1775, to the first of September, 1777, 
amounting, as per additions under the several Heads, to the sum of 
;^303,853, ish. 2^ specie, or so deemed ; from the first day of September, 
1777, to the 31st December, 1780, to the sum of ;^5,669,i92. 8. 3^^, nomi- 
nal, to be reduced to specie value, at the decision of the Honorable Con- 

In addition to this amount, sums of money advanced to individuals yet 
unadjusted, and the aggregate of specific tax, prevented fi-om being stated 
by the destruction of the Books and papers of the offices by the British 
in 1 78 1, are to be considered. An officer had been appointed by the State 
to settle up all arrears of this nature, by whom these expenditures will be 
investigated, &c. 

June 9th Rev. Benj. Blagrove to Jaquelin Ambler, Esq'r,, Treasurer. 




Dear Sir: 

On my arrival at Home from the Convendon I found my Family 
under the Pressure of Affliction, several of them struggling with that dis- 
agreeable Epidemic the Scarlet Fever. Two of my children, I think, have 
got over it. Miss Pelham has been in a critical situation, so as to stand 
in need of the Aid of a Physician, and Mrs. Blagrove is now labouring 
under some of the painful Symptoms of the Disorder. I hope she will 
do well, but my Fears are much alarmed for the tender In&nt at the 
Breast, and there are several more of the Family who must, of necessity, 
continue in the way of the Contagion. You well know my Sensibility ; 


perhaps I bear misfortunes with too little Fortitude. You can and do feel 1786. 
for the unhappy, and however troublesome and unsuccessful my Applica- June 9th 
tion may be to the Governor for some small Assistance in this Hour of 
Trouble from some pecuniary in the Treasury, I nevertheless flatter my- 
self you will oblige me by calling on him on your way to the office and in 
my name ask the Grant of a few Guineas, to be sent by the Bearer, in 
Part of a Quarter's Salary as Ordinary at the Prison, due, according to 
the Tenure of my appointment, I think, on Wednesday next. It is true 
it will be a kind of anticipation, but I trust my peculiar situation — with 
only a few shillings in the House, and the neighbours afraid to come to 
my Habitation for fear of taking the Infection — will justify my making 
this Request. I have sent you a few Lettuce Seed, of a very partic- 
ular kind, well worthy, in my opinion, of your Cultivation. I pray you to 
present my most affectionate Respects to Mrs. Ambler and Mrs. Brent, 
and to Mr. Buchanan, and be assured I am gratefully sensible of my ob- 
ligations to you and yours. 

And am your sincere Friend, &c., &c., &c. 

Sam'l Brown, County Lieut., to Gov. Henry. June loth 

DV Sir : 

This day I rec'd an Express from Colo, Thos. Lewis at point Greenbriar 
pleasant, informing that the Indians lately killed a woman on this side 
Ohio and carried off all the horses Belonging to that place, and that he 
has reason to Beleive that they will be very Troublesom this summer. 
He requested me to send 20 or 30 men as a guard to that place. But I 
thought proper to lay the matter Before you and await your answer. The 
inhabitants of the Kanaway, at Kelly's, have petitioned me for a guard of 
men to enable them to rais their com, as Indians have lately been discov- 
ered amongst them. I have ordered 25 men to their Assistance for one 
month. You will please let me know wheather they are to Be continued 
or call'd home, as provistions is Hard to be got hear. Should it Be 
y'r pleasure. Sir, that men should be allow' d The inhabitants of the Kana- 
way, I would think it highly necessary we should be furnish 'd with some 
cash to purchase provitions. Should it appear Reasonable to you, the 
Bearer of this, Mr. Wm. Arbuckle, will be a safe hand to Bring it. 

I am, SV, y'r ob't Serv't, &c., &c 

Arthur Campbell to Col. Joseph Martin. June loth 


I am not a litde grieved at the report that your son William is kill'd Washington 

on his way to Georgia by the Creeks. That Capt. Amis and his whole ^^"" ^ 

company, except a woman, are killed near Chickamogga, and that the 

whde of the Americans setded at post Vincennes, on the Wabash, are 

massacred. On Cumberland and Kentucky, predatory parties visit them. 



1786. sometimes killing a few persons. Last week Tom Waiting's son was shot 
June loth at near the House by three Indians, a ball touched him slightly, and he 
made his escape. The whole family is since moved over to Big Creek. 
The first stroke that happens in the valley will, no doubt, break up one if 
not all the stations there. The people seem to have no confidence in the 
Commanding officer of Russell County, and those in particular in powdl*s 
valley lament both the misfortune of a division of the County as well as 
the incapacity of the Commander in the new County, and it is more than 
probable if the Indians pays a few more visits to Clinch this Summer, 
but that settiement will be in the greatest consternation and many of them 
fly off. If peace had continued whilst our unhappy disputes continued, 
no great evil might have happened; but if war happens, as is now too ap- 
parent, the mistaken policy of last year will be sensibly felt. The lives of 
innocent persons are a serious matter. Can you devise any means with 
government that some effectual plan of defence may be adopted, especially 
for Powell's valley, whom you know is the most exposed? Besides if that 
settiement is broke up it will greatiy interrupt the communication to Ken- 
tucky. Nothing can be done in this County until government treat people 
exactiy in the same manner as in other Counties in the State, and I am 
pretty certain that every movement for defence on Clinch will be feeble and 
confused under the direction of such a person as Bamet. 

I think the times aught to make you look over any n^lect or ill-usage 
you have received, and I am sure if you will accept the command of the 
new County, which is your right, a large number of the respectable In- 
habitants would petition government for you to have the command. Ex- 
cuse this freedom ; I intended never to have said a word had it not been 
the calls of humanity, which I cannot resist 

I am, sir, with Esteem, 

Your very humble Serv't &c., &c. 

June 12th 

Archibald Cary to Gov. Henry, 

In behalf of the survivors of the late sheriff, Mr. Branch. Having been 
killed suddenly by a fall from his horse, the collection of the Taxes had 
unfortunately been delayed, as by this accident both principal and depu- 
ties were thrown out of office. He therefore prays for a stay of Judge- 
ment from the Gen'l Court until the late Mr. Branch's sons can arrange 
for a settiement. 

June 20th 


Wm. McClung to Hon. Sampson Mathews. 

He desires to get a Licence to practice Law in the State of North Caro- 
lina, but under the laws of that State it requires a recommendation from 
the Governor and Council of the State in which the party lives, or a resi- 
dence their for twelve months. He therefore takes the liberty of request- 
ing his aid in procuring the recommendation. 



Col. Levi Todd to Gov. Henry. 

The extreme distance from the seat of Government, and the few good 
opportunities of safe conveyance, rendered it difficult to maintain a 
regularly organized Militia, especially in the unsettled state of the Coun- 
try and the rapid increase in population. To remedy this, a number of 
Blank Commissions should be sent, to be used as occasion should require. 
Since Col. Boone's removal, he had made every effort to regulate the 
militia. He cannot make an accurate return, but the number, exclusive of 
officers, is about i,ioo. Something should be done to secure the Lives 
and property of the Frontier Inhabitants who have suffered this Six 
months past as much, and were exposed to as many Inroads of the 
Savages as we did in that length of Time through the whole course of the 
war (particular acdons accepted). And that nothing but regulation and 
well-laid plans is wandng to put us in a situation to distress them and 
retaliate at pleasure, without making any applicadon to the Eastern parts 
of the State. ******* 

I think it probable a Separation will not only shortly take place, tho' I 
am at a loss to Judge. The Kentucky people appear less unanimous 
than formerly, and a greater variety of Sentiment prevail. I could there- 
fore wish that the attention of the Legblature and Executive, to the wel- 
fore of Kentucky, might not be in any respect withdrawn until we are in 
a Situation to plan and execute for Ourselves. 

I am your Excellency's 

Most Obedient and Humble Scrv't, &c., &c. 


June 22d 


Jos. Martin to Gov. Henry, by Express. 
Sir : 

I have Inclosed to your Excellency a Letter from Colo. Arthur 
Campbell, also one from William Hord, which Contains greatest part of 
Intelligence from the westerd, with some additions from Mr. James par- 
berry, who Returned last Evening from Kentuckey. He informs me that 
a Mr. Ewing, who I am well acquainted with, and beleive to be a man of 
Varasity, overtook him on new river Directiy from Cumberland, and said 
that Several Days before he left Cumberland a Cheokee Half breed 
Came into french-lick and informed that there was a large number of 
Creeks Imbodied near the Bent of Tennessee, and had laid in a stock of 
provisions there, and was Determined to Cut of that quarter — that ad- 
vance parties Had actually arrive there before he left it, and the Seders 
Had all forted. He further says that a nother Company Come in before 
he left new river, who informed that the main body of Creeks arrive within 
a few Da3rs after Mr. Ewing left Cumberland — that they Brought Caiinon 
with them and Canonaded the forts Several Days — that the seders at 

June 25th 



1786. length Tum'd out and fought them — that Several Hundreds was Kill'd 
June 25th and forced to retreat into the garison. 

Mr. parberry says the Jndians have Done a great Deal of Mischeif on 
all the frontiers in the Kentucky Country — that it is Certain that the 
Shonies have Join'd the other Indians. I am truly Distrest on account 
of the poor Setlers in powel's Valey. I had possitive orders from Gover- 
nor Harrison to settle that station, who promised them protection, and 
without immediate aid I fear they will all be cut off. I am willing to Do 
anything in my power for them, but as the power is Taken Intirely out 
of my Hands, I am Totally at a loss what to Do, without your Excellency 
can point out some method by which I can be serviceable to them. 

I shall wait your Excellencie's answer with Great Impatience. If nothing 
can be Done, I must Brake up the Station Immediately. 

I have the Honor to be your Excellencie's 

Most Humble and most obedient Ser't, &c., &c 

P. S. — I hope the Express will be paid. 

J. M. 

June 28th PR- De Hevder veydr & Co. to Gov. Henry, of Va. 

Sir : 
Philadelphia Mr. Houdon, one of his most Christian Majesty's sculptors, having 

consigned to us severall of his pieces of Sculpture, with directions fo 
dispose of them, among wich is one Statue in plaister, who represents 
a skinned human body, he desired to keep it as a present for the honour- 
able states of Virginia. It is said that same peice deserves the admiration 
of all amateurs. 

We beg your honnour to favour us with your instructions and orders, 
how we are to proceed in the expedition of the said Statue. Your honnour 
may depend on the exactitude in executing the same. 

We are respectfully. Sir, 

your very humble and obed't Servants, &c, &c. 

June 30th Resolution of Congress, 

Informing the Executive of Virginia that the United States had ordered 
their Commandant on the Ohio to detach two Companies to the ** rapids 
of Ohio," with request that the militia of that district be required to 
co-operate with them in the defence of that Frontier ; that Congress have 
also under deliberation a plan for extending to the Frontier security against 
the designs of the Indians. 


To ALL Head Boroughs and Constables 1786. 

Within in this Commonwealth to whom these presents shall come : July 4th 

CarolinemJaunfy to-wit: county 

Whereas Molly Jones, wife to Lewis Jones, of said County, hath 
this day made oath before me, Robert Gilchrist, Gent, one of the Com- 
monwealth's justice of the peace for said county, that she, in the absence of 
her husband, was last night robbed of a purse of money and pocket-book 
containing several hundred pounds in certificates, by persons unknown, 
who are since fled for the same and not yet apprehended. Therefore, In 
the name of the Commonwealth, I charge and command you and every of 
you in your several precincts to search diligendy for the said persons and 
to make hue and cry after them from town to town and from county to Hue and cry 
county, as well by horsemen as footmen. And if you shall find the person 
or persons by whom the said Robbery was committed, or whom you shall 
have just cause to suspect thereof, that then you shall apprehend and 
bring him, her, or them before a justice of the peace of the County,, when 
he, she, or they shall be taken, to be dealt with as the Law directs. 
Given under my hand and seal this 4 July, 1786. 


A certain Christopher Myers, a ditcher by trade, is suspected to have 
been concerned in the above Robbery. 

Mr. Oster, French Consul, To Gov. Henry (in French), July 6th 

Informing him of Instructions given by his Government, requiring all ves- Williams- 
sels bound for any of the French west Indian Ports from ports in the United ^"""^ 
States, to procure Pasports from the Consols or other Agents of France 
residing therein ; enclosing information also from the '* Colony of hispan- 
iola," to the effect that the a drught had so desolated that Colony that 
provisions could scarcely be gotten, that no planting could be done, and 
that therefore cargoes of com, pease, rice, potatoes, and all other provi- 
sions could procure satisfactory profits to importers. 

Willis Wilson to Gov. Henry. July 7th 

Sir: • 

I am this day a spectator of a most daring insult to the laws of this Portsmouth, 

commonwealth. A ship, firom accounts of the Searchers, was (>alpably de- ^ 

tected in smuggling goods. Mr. Graves, the Searcher, was repairing on 

hoard to make seizure of the ship, when the Captain most audaciously 


:e tZij:^ 3 

jircMfp^sniiCSK ^ ^sfesot ib iqet sbsht hbw is oe sbcv pcNper. Id 

I WBL YUKC Exoe&3Bnrs 

olTA SenrX Ac ftc 

|/*^ ». f/it^r/»;7»?f Of Kalth hiLCAn^ ow Fatftt^ Cdc3nrT, Pexxstlvania, 

fyAf^fM TiaA fee va» oim: c^ the Coa^ncr vbo vecx to Nev Orleans in an Expe- 

Us^rt^ diJi^/D f/n i^ia^ of ti>t Suae oc X'srgkda wirii Colo. Dtavid Rogers— was 

ir,xp0s^if/n v^l« ft^m fr«>m the time tber Ictt Rcdsuxie ontil his defeat — that they left 

^l^*^ RedttTioe aU>ut the 20th July. 1778, and that Rofscrs and hb party were 

dfi»it«d by the Indians about the 4ih October, 1779. 

The Expeditifya consisted of about forty men, most of whom iiimished 
th^rif (fwn arms, but were supplied with ammonitioa and provisions by 
OA. k(^cr% himseUl A quantity of the latter he carried from Redstone, 
1/ut purchased from the Spaniards on hb return. Indeed, C6L Rogers 
furnished all their prcArisions, except the game Killed. 

He had entirely succeeded in the object of the expedition, viz : to pro- 
^mre |{oods for the Commonwealth of Virginia, whidi had been forwarded 
from New Orleans to the Illinois, where he received them, and was on his 
return when attacked by the Savages. 

ftity iMh Petition of Reuben Vaughn, 

MfMkl«^ti' Sheriff of the County, to be relieved from the execution of a Judgment 

titirK i:ouiUy ^f (|)^ (Wrneral Court against him for the Balance of taxes for the year 

17X3, amounting to ;^663. o. 3. He had distrained and duly advertised 

tlie rlfrcUi of a great number of Delinquents, which effects had repeatedly 

bnen oHered for sale, but for want of money there had been no sales, &c. 




Bill of Lading 


For Fifteen hundred stand of arms, ordered by Mr. Jefferson for the State July nth 
of Virginia, endosed to the Governor. Bordeaux 

Levi Todd to Gov. Henry, 

Acknowledging receipt of instructions from the Executive Council. The 
Feild Officers should have a meeting at Harrodsburg on the 2d day of 
August There was to be an Expedition against the Wabash and White 
River Indians ; but he adds : " Tis hard to say where we have the greatest 
number of enemies. Within this three weeks past the whole of the North 
and West fronder of the District has been struck by small parties. Much 
mischief has been done in different parts of the District this Summer, and 
much property lost I conceive that all our neighboring Indians are just 
now commencing War avowedly. Much Kentucky Blood I fear will be 
spilt, tho' I hope that Vigorous Operations the ensuing Fall will make 
much in our favour. The Wabash Indians have repeatedly said that the 
Kentucky people dare not march to the Wabash. Our Patience hitherto 
has much encouraged and increased the Number of our Enemies Ne- 
cessity compds us now to pursue a different conduct. I fear it will be 
difficult to get ammunition in Time. Provisions I believe may be pro- 
cured. There is Plenty in the District. * * * * 
I am of opinion it would have been very agreeable to the District had 
Gen*l Clark been commissioned a Gen'l Officer for the present occasion. 
I doubt whether there is one Copy of the Articles of War which were 
last in force in the Continental Army now in this District 
I have the Honor to be 

Your Excellency's most obedient and H'bl. Servant, &c., &c. 


Nicholas Van Dyke, Gov. of Delaware, to the Gov. of Virginia. 


Certain Communications from the States of Massachusets, Pennsyl- 
vania, Maryland and Virginia, proposing a Convention of Commissioners 
from the several States in the Union for the purpose of considering the 
Trade of the United States, and forming a System of Commercial Regu- 
lations necessary to their common Interest and permanent Harmony, hav- 
ing been laid before the Legislature of this State, I have now the Honor 
of informii^ your Excellency of their concurrence with those States in 
so laudable and useful a measure, and of inclosing you a Copy of their 
Resolution on that subject 

With the greatest Respect, I have the Honor to be 

Your Excdlency's most obed't humble Servant, &a, &a 

July 1 3th 


July 1 2th 

State of 


New Castle 



JciTf 3#:!f pr? : Ti t 

'^IV: IF '4 3LCa3IJ1. 

'•2» JCJL 

;iity ;4rtt 




Eisrfeisui^ R^sriucma paflMd 

r7%6, appointing CcininiaBiooexs 

rhft Cnion to cake into ojosdexadixi 

examine thi^ 

^ufer hr>v ^ an 

be n^cxMarj to their Coaunaa 

ktpon to the Several Scazies 

Stats or RaocE Islasdc PkoriDEsccs 


of ihac Sctte J 
br oriier .^lates of 

ot dftc 


|rif7 t4fh 


JoHS Mat to the Goyerxor of Virgdcia. 

The very interesting Intdtigeoce which we have btdy r ece iv ed from 
yrmi Sl Vencent, induces me once more to troabfe yoor Excdlency. The 
Americans living there have been very much distressed by the Indians 
ev«r since last winter, and have every reason to believe that they were en- 
CfAtrzfCtd to continue their Hostilities by the French Inhabitants, who have 
nfjt only ttfvatd the Americans any assistance, but would not sofier them 
to make use of the cannon which were left there ibr their Defence, at a 
VtrrX which they were obliged to build ; and when they, the French, were 
written to on the subject by Gen'l Qarke, they retomed for answer that 
they had nothing to do with the United States, bat considered themselves 
as British subjects and should obey no other Power. I understand that there 
arc British Traders amongst them, who keep up this Idea, and as Con- 
gress seems to have totally neglected them, it is not to be wondered at if 
they should still think themselves under the British Government, especially 
when they sec that the several British Posts, which they w«« told were to 
\h: ddiverd up to the Americans, are still in the possession of the British. 
The Americans were very lately attacked by the Indians, but repulsed 
them, whereupon Col. Le Gras, or Legrow (for I don't recollect how he 
NfiellN his name), issued his Proclamation, ordering all the Americans 


to move away immediately. They are now closely confined within 1786. 
their Fort or Houses, and have every Reason to expect the French will July 14th 
assist the Indians against them, and are under the most dreadful appre- 
hensions of being totally cut ofH The Wabache Indians are all at war with 
us, and most of the Shawnees, and put to death, in a most cruel manner, 
all the Prisoners who are so unfortunate as to fall into their Hands. Since 
Colo. Logan wrote to you in Aprril, there have been a great many murders 
committed, and we, every two or three days, hear of fresh murders. There 
are now Letters here from Post Sl Vincent's requesting in the most moving 
Terms that assistance may be sent the Americans, to enable them to move 
away, and offering to give up every shilling's worth of Property they pos- 
sess in order to defray the Expenses of moving them. There had a Party 
of militia, amounting to about 130 men, marched a few Days before this 
Intelligence came to Hand, to attack a Party of Indians who were encamped 
on the other side of the Ohio, some Distance below the Falls, but upon 
Gen. -Clarke's receiving the Letter, he sent Expresses after them and re- 
quested them to proceed immediately to the Post. This Country had de- 
termined to carry on a volunteer campaign ag'st the Indians in August 
next, but your Instructions have changed the Plan, and they are now pre- 
paring for a regular campaign. I find that it is the unanimous opinion of 
the Inhabitants of this Country that Gen'l Clarke is the properest Person 
to take the command here, and. notwithstanding the opinion which pre- 
vails below, of his not being capable of attending to Business, I am of^ the 
same opinion with the Rest of this Country. I have been with him fre- 
quendy, and find him as capable of Business as ever, and should an* Expe- 
dition be carried against the Indians I think his name alone would be 
worth Half a regiment of men. ***** 

It is not expected that the Troops will be ready to march before the first 
of September, as the Council of officers will not be held 'till the 2nd of 
August. ***** Qq\ Logan is ac- 

quainted with the contents of this Letter, and has authorized me to say 
that in case a General officer should be appointed he thinks Gen'l Clarke's 
abilities and experience entide him to the appointment 

Y'r very humb. Serv't, &c., &c. 

David Ross to the Executive, July i8th 

Applying on behalf of the Directors for the James River Company for all Petersburg 
criminals under conditional pardons, to be used as laborers on that work 
under certain conditions. The Directors to furnish their food and cloth- 
ing, but the State to^ntinue their guard and quarters at public expence. 


itM. Johk Hakvie to 

jaly 14th Gmng partkolaiB of the arrest in Rkfamoiid of John Jones and Wm. 
Satter, of North Carcriina, for hiring a negro in Mr. Hay's prindi^ office 
to strike off printed imitations of the Blanks osed by that State in the 
isstiing of their military certificates. Stolen tjrpes ibond in their saddle- 
bags. One of these men, Jones, had confessed to the rxistmcc of a con- 
spiracy in N. Carolina to carry on this business on a large scale. Wm. 
Holt, Wm« Scott Arthur hoog, Littleton Loi^,and Wm. Jc^mson, living 
near Hali&x, N. C, one Savage, reading near South Quay in Virginia, 
had been successfully practicing this forgery. Scott had gone to Phila- 
delphia to proctu^ a large supply of the proper kind of paper, &c. ; and 
Savage was the signer of the papers. This information is given in order 
that the authorities of N. Carolina may be infi>rmed of it, &c. 

July 22d Thos. Jefferson to the Gov'r of Virginia. 


Paris An opportunity offering, at a moment's wamii^ only* to London, I 

have only time to inform your Excellency that we have shipped from 

Bordeaux fifteen hundred stand of arms for the State of Virginia, of 

which I now inclose the bill of lading. A somewhat larger number of 

cartouch boxes have been prepared here, are now packing, and will go to 

Havre, immediately to be shipped thence. As soon as these are forwarded, 

I will do myself the honour of sending you a state of the expenditures 

for these and other objects. The residue of the arms and accoutrements 

are in a good course of preparation. 

I have the honor to be, with sentiments of the highest respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and most humUe servant, &a, &c. 


July 22d Substance of Depositions 

Fayette Taken before Hugh Laughlin, of Thos. Chaffin, relative to Colo. David 
county Rogers' expedition on behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia to New 

Expedition Oceans in . He was one of the company of forty men who left 

of Colonel Monongalia on the 17th day of July — . CoL Rogers purchased all the 
R(Mrers provisions used — flour and Bacon. The whole party was armed with rifles, 
to New They were in the service of the State from the 17th July — until about the 
Orleans ^^^ ^f October of the year following. The party was defeated on the 
Ohio about the tenth of October, the year after their departure Brom Red- 
stone. Col. Rogers had also purchased Com and Beef fi'om the Span- 
iards; indeed all the provisions consumed by them he had bought, except 
such as they killed by hunting. Mr. Beckley knew Rogers. Employed 



by the Committee of Safety to procure military stores, powder, &c, in 
1776. Difficult to obtain them. Refused supply of money to raise 30 or 
40 men, and furnish them. Read letters from Comm. of Safety, and Gen'l 
Lee and others, to Gov. of N. Orleans. Committee heard of his arrival 
at New Orleans from him, but nothing further until his defeat. Remem- 
bers Col. Rogers stating to the Committee the difficulty and the danger of 
the expedition ; that in case of a successful return a liberal reward was 
promised him, and in case of death that his family should receive some 
liberal allowance. 

July 22d 

Messrs. Joseph Jones and Carter Braxton 

July 24th 

Report that they had visited the naval offices at Hampton, Norfolk and Inspection 
York, and find they have been conducted in accordance with the following ^statioM 
Heads of Enquiry, viz : 

or Posts 

Bond Respecting Embargoes. 

Oath of masters at clearing not to carry out persons removing to de- 
fraud their Cred't's, nor servants or slaves not attending their masters or 

Certificates of Discharging Balast. 

Bonds on granting permits to Trade, not to cut away the bulge, draw the 
staves, or otherwise deface the Tobacco Casks. Tables of fees in Eng- 
glish, French, and Dutch, to be set up in the offices, and manifests of cargo 
on board at clearing out, and the oath that the commodities to be exported 

had been inspected, stamped, and according to law. The form of 

Registers, The mode of transferring the Bottom, The Books of Entries and 
clearances, and to select therefrom a statement of the imports and exports for 
the last three years. The manner of reporting, entering, and ascertaining 
the amount of the duties on goods and merchandize imported, and the 
form of the Bonds taken for the payment of the duties. What bonds are 
in the offices due and not discharged, and the time of their standing. Do 
vessels coming from other Districts produce permits and obtain others ? 

Heads of 



Walter Crockett to Gov'r Henry. 

I am sorry to inform your Excellency that on the fourteenth Inst, a 
party of Indians, supposed to be about forty or fifty in number, came to 
the House of Capt James Moore, on Blue Stone, in this County, and 
killed himself and his whole family, eleven in number, and carried off his 
whole stock, which was very valuable. They likewise Burned and de- 
stroyed the Houses and fencing, and left several war clubs and arrows, and 
to all appearance are for continuing Hostilities. The unhappy affair has 

July 26th 



1786. thrown the Inhabitants on the frontkn of tins Comity into the greatest 

July 26ih consternation, and they are more Panic struck at this than they were at 

anything that happened to them in the coarse of the last War. They 

have gathered into small stations in order to defend themsdves, and hath 

apply'd to me for some men to aid and assi^ them undll they get in their 

Harvests. I have ordered out to their assistance a Lieutenant with thirty 

men from the more Interiour parts of the County, to stay on Duty one Month, 

or untill I get Instructions from your Excdlency. ^ ^ * 

The frontiers of this County being very extensive, I expect that there will 

be more than thirty men wanted to guard it, and to be sent down New 


I am your Exodlency's HumUe Servant, &a, &a 

July — To the InhabiianU of Nelson^ Lincoln, and FaycUe Counties: 
Friends and fellow-Citizens : 

Indepen't of that benevolence of disposition which should marie 

^PP**^ ^^^ the Character of every individual and excite to generous and noble ac- 
aid from the , , . , . .. . ^ t r ■ t- % ^ ^ 

inhabitants Uons, there exists an implied Compact between the settlers of this Coun* 

of Jefferson try to support and defend each other against the invasions and attacks of 
Kentucky ^^^ relendess and common enemies. 

Under the influence of this persuasion, with minds deeply affected by 
the loss of two of our most valuable fHends and neighbours, whose char- 
acters, both in private and public life, do honour to human nature, we ap- 
ply to you for aid to revenge the injuries we have already sufiered and to 
prevent those with which we are every day threat'n'd. We lament the 
horrid occasion which subjects us to the dire necessity of applying to our 
Friends to leave their peaceful abodes and enter on scenes at which hu- 
manity wou'd shudder, were it not in defence of the lives of ourselves, our 
wives and helpl^s infants, who, without your friendly interposition, wiU 
most probably fall a prey to Savage Barbarity. 

Figure to yourselves a numerous, helpless Family, whose stay, support, 
and comfort of their lives is torn from their bleeding hearts by savage 
cruelty, and left to mourn the loss with Tears unceasing as they are una- 
vailing, which Fiction has unhapily been realized by the death of our 
worthy and much-lamented Friends, Colo. Christian and Mr. Keller, and 
we flatter ourselves that however pressing the calls of your domestic con- 
cerns may be, you will not withhold that assistance which we now most 
earnesdy intreat from you. We have hitherto deferred making this appli- 
cation, hoping that our own strength would be suflident to repel our cruel 
invaders, but since we And that inadequate, being encompassed with dangers 
and every day plundered of our property, we have no recourse but to our 
Friends of Nelson, Lincoln, and Fayette. 

You need not surely be reminded how much you are interested in our 
security. Should we, as we have great reason to fear from the hostile 



«£spositioa of many of the Sava^ Tribes and their daily incursions, be 
reduced to the calamitious necessity of abandoning our settlements, your 
coanties must become Frontieis, and in that situation will certainly 
experience all those evils which we now complain of, under which we are 
sofiering, and from which we sf^cit your brotherly assistance to releive us : 

WM. POPE, CotrsTY Libct., 



JNO. . 






The County Court 

August ist 

Order that John Thomas, Gentleman, be nominated and recommended to Mercer 
the President and masters of William and Mary Colledge as a proper Per- county 
son to be commissioned surveyor, &c. 

L. Wood, J'n'r, Sol., to the Lieut.-Gov., 

Au]i:u8t and 

Applying for warrant for fifty pounds, to defray the travelling expenses of •Richmond 

the Riders to be sent out with "notices and Executions" to delinquent ^'i^tor's 
, ._ ottice 




1786. I. Latil to Gov. Henry, 

Aueust 2d Complaining of the n^lect visited upon M. de Beaumarchais, and praying 
Richmond ^^^^ ^^ amount, ^^42,927. i. 5. in specie, allowed him by L. Wood, j'n., 
Esq'r., Solicitor, in 1784, be paid as soon as practicable. 

August 3d Lewis Burwell to Gov. Henry, 

Mecklen- Declining to accept the position of County Lieutenant, as he " never had 
coumy ^ thought of resuming that troublesome office," and if he had, there was 
a part of the recommendation he is not satisfied with. 

August 3d Wm. Davies to the Governor, 

Petersburg. Enclosing petition of citizens for the appointment of an additional notary 
^ public for that place, and recommending him for that office. This neces- 
sity had grown out of " the extent of trade and variety of business carried 
on by the inhabitants of this town and neighborhood. 

August 4th Affidavit of James Turner, 

Hanover Made before Geo. Cleugh, that in October, 1784, Col. John Syme, o^ 
coun y Rocky Mills, had been presented by the Grand Jury for retailing Liquor 
contrary to Law. 

August 7th Jos. Martin to Gov. Henry, 

Holston ^^ ^y ^^^sence from Long Island Some Cherokee Indians kill'd two 

white men. A number of men from the state of franklyn has push'd into 
their Towns to Demand, as they say, the murtherers,when one man could 
do that Business. Should they make a stroke on them people, your Excel- 
lency will know what a Situation the people in poweVs Valey and Qinch 
will be in. 

By the Time I arrive at the Long Island, which will be To-morrow, I hope 
I shall have some Certain accounts. If anything un&bourable I will send 
Express. In the Interim I will Endeavour to stand fast at powel's valey. 
The Cheife of the Cherokees has offered to Deliver up the murtherers, 
but must have some time to Do it, in which Time they would give up 
any number of Hostages. * * » • * 4: * 

As it will be absolutely necessary to have a meeting with the Indians Im- 
mediately, I must beg that you will order me one hhd. of Good Rum on 
* account. I will not ask it on the publick ac't. 

I am, sir, with Great Respect, your Excellende's 

most humble and most ob't Servant. 


W. Graves to Gov. Henry, 1786. 

Asking to be allowed a Boat and two hands to perform his duty as August 9th 
searcher at that Port The expense of hiring was great. He has detected Norfolk 
great impositions practiced by vessels failing to enter their proper Tonage. 
A number of British Vessels had entered only half tonage, and he had 
saved to the Govermnodt five hundred tons since the last week. 

Alex. Barnett, County Lieut., to Gov. Henry. August 12th 


On Teusday last I received your instructions to call out the number Russell 
of forty men, for the purpose of safety for the frontier of said County, the county 
Distance of our County being so Extensive from Montgomery line to 
Martin's Station, in powaPs Valley, I think, to be One Hundred and forty 
miles, or near that mention, and not more than fifteen miles in width at 
the widest place of it, and but few places of it that width ; that nearly all 
parts of it are alike Exposed to Danger. Duering the Indian ware every 
part of it suiTer'd. The late attemp by the indians made on bluestone, 
when destroying Capt Moore and family (which I expect you have been 
inform'd of), from the best accounts I Can Get, was the Cherokees, and not 
Exceeding ten or Twelve in number. Upon receiving report of it, 1 
issued orders to send out spies, three pare, one for the upper part of the 
County, one for the Senter, and one for the Lower End. The two in the 
Senter, that went from Cassel's woods. Discovered a trace of Mockeson 
tracks and horses that had sometime before traveled along on the top of 
Cumberland mountain. They reported they followed them about ten 
miles still on the mountain. They say the indians, as they suspect them 
to be, had about seven or Eight horses, and four or five on foot. It is 

a that they are the same that were at Moore's, on Bluestone, as it 

apears that is the number of horses taken from there at that time. I am 
of the opinion, as the inhabiters of the County live so sectered that, it will 
answer as good a purpose to send out spies at times of suspition, as to be 
at the expence of Stadons of men in Different parts in the County, except 
in Powal's Valley. Men in this part in generall arescruplus of satisfactory 
payment being made them for supplys made to stations of men. Audi- 
tor's certificates are refused to be received by our sheriffs in payment of 
Taxes, and people says they are of no use to them. 

He had not received the new Militia Law, consequendy did not know 
his duty. He had ordered the militia to hold themselves in readiness in 
case of threatened invasion by the Indians. This he thought a better plan 
than to maintain stadons of men. Quiet prevails at present, but he antici- 
pates another attempt of the Indians about September next 


1786. Jos. Martin to Gov'r Henry. 

Au^st 14th In the time that I was absent from this Quarter, the Indians Killed 

Long Island two men near the end of Clinch Mountain. The people from the State of 
Franklin, if they may be so called, Imbodied and marched within fifteen 
miles of their Towns, then sent for the old Tassell, the Hanging man, and 
others of the Chei&, to come to them, which they did, and informed the 
white people that it was done by two or three young fellows that lived in 
a town called Caw-a-Tie, about Twenty miles Below Chota, they being 
hired by an old fellow from the Chickamogga, who had Two sons Kill'd 
by the white people last spring — that they condemned the act, and would 
Deliver up the murtherers if they would give them a litde time, but they 
ware Run off— that their Desire was peace — that they hoped they would 
not Distress Innocent people on Account of Rogues. The reply from 
the Commanding Officer was, that they would have their lands. The 
Tassell told them he had no right to give them any land, that Congress 
had taken up that matter. They immediately marched into the above 
mentioned Town, where they Killed one young woman, and shot several 
others. Greatest part of the Indians had fled. They burnt the Town 
house, and several other Houses, and Destroyed part of the Com. 

John Martin, who manages publick business in my absence, lived in the 
Town. He moved off About ten miles with what public property he had, 
and his own also, to keep out of the way of the army. They pursued 
him, took him with the s'd property, consisting of 2,000 lbs. of Dressed 
leather, 16 head of horses, and furrs, &c. After keeping of him prisoner 
some time, tryed him By a court martial, and cleared him of every charge, 
then took from him Every thing he had, of both Public and Private 
property, Even his Blankett, Kettle, &c. 

From such conduct your Excellency will easily Judge what a Situation 
Powell's Val'y and Clinch will be in, as I expect the Cherokees will move 
off and join the Creeks, tho* I shall do Every thing in my power to 
prevent it 

If about fifteen men could be Enlisted for about twelve months, I think 
my Station would stand. Nothing can be expected from Russell County, 
as almost Every house in it is a frontier, Being 100 miles long, and the 
widest part not ten, and many parts not over four. I Could Enlist the 
men if authorized. 

I have the Honour to be 

Your Excellency's most Humble and most ob't Serv't. 

P. S. — ^The Commanding Officers, Col. Outlaw and Cook. I shall be 
very attentive to the motion of the Indians. If I find they are about to 
move, shall give your Excellency Immediate notice by Express. 

J. M. 


J. Lewis to Col, John Harvie. 1786. 

********* * August i8th 

He was a young negro fellow that's condemned to be hanged on Teusday 
next for being concerned in a robery. He was led into the scrape by a 
fellow that saved his neck by turning State's evidence. I was so vexed 
with the fellow that I was determined not to endeavour to get him re- 
preiv'd, but the poor wretch has suffered so greatly, I am apt to believe 
he w'd not be guilty of a like action again. A gallows was yesterday 
erected for him, at sight of which, 'tis s'd by the Jailer, he was near dyeing, 
having tinted three or four times repeatedly. Indeed, I would send him 
off the continent cou'd a pardon be had for him. Cou'd you make appli- 
cation for me to the Governor? 

John Harvie, August 19th 

Enclosing to the Governor Mr. John Lewis' letter, begging a pardon for 
his negro man, Lawrence, condemned to death for robbery. 

CoL. Thos. Meriwether, August 20th 

Informs the Governor of the escape of certain fellows pardoned on condi- Richmond 
tions of doing hard labour, and draws his attention to the Act of Assem- 
bly requirii^ the Governor to issue his Proclamation declaring such per- 
sons to be outlawed, and that it shall thereafter be lawful for any person 
to kill or in any manner to destroy such outlaw without being liable to any 
pain or penalty for so doing, &c 

Jas. M. McRae, Searcher, August 22d 

Informs the Executive of his having seized a vessel from North Carolina Alexandria, 
for violation of the Port r^^lations, but advises her release on the ground ^^' 
of the ignorance and poverty of the master and owner. 


1786. Petition of the Inhabitants of Bluestone, 


August 24th On the frontier of Montgomery Co., to the Executive of Virginia, for pro- 
tection against the Indians, from whose cruelties they Jiad lately been great 
sufferers. The setdement had become much weaker on account of these 
attacks, and is not able to protect itself longer without prompt aid from 
Government Upon the approach of danger the inhabitants are required 
to betake themselves and their families to the forts, thus exposing their 
effects and property to the mauraders, and being few in number and scat- 
tered are unable to pursue and punish their enemies. Unless sqme suit- 
able and regular method for the defence of the county be adopted at once, 
they should be obliged to abandon their homes, and thus expose to the 
savages the more interior parts of the country, 

August 29th Levi Todd to Gov. Henry, of Va., 

Fayette Enclosing the County recommendations for officers. The large number 
county Jug ^^ ^|^g rapidity of the setdements in this County continues. In conse- 
quence of the Instructions from your Excellency and the advice of Coun- 
cil, of the 1 6th of May, the Field officers assembled from every County and 
a great majority of the whole in the District We uanimously resolved that 
an Expedition against the Wabash and other Inimical Indians in that 
Quarter was, at this Time, Justifiable and necessary. * * * * 
Gen'l Clark was appointed to command the army, which is to Rendevous 
at Clarksville the loth Sept We expect our number will be between 
1,500 and 2,000. A great part of the necessary supplies is given up 
to the officers by consent, with Expectation of being paid by Govern- 
ment, and some procured by Impressment We thought the season too 
far advanced to postpone the Expedition until Lead could be brought from 
the mines. We expect that with Industry in gathering we shall procure 
what may answer this Expedition. Tis reported by Traders and others 
that the Shawnese chei& and other Indians in that quarter are now treat- 
ing with Sir John Johnson at Niagara. When this is over 'tis expected 
they will prosecute Hostilities openly. Tis certain some Scalps taken 
from Kentucky were taken by Shawnese into a Shawnese Town ; that 
they entered with the Customary Solemnities and were received by their 
Citizens with acclamations of Joy. Tis thought, generally, necessary on 
the return of the army now preparing to march, another should be sent 
against the northern Indians, unless, between this Time and that, some- 
thing more favourable appears in their Conduct We have some hopes 
that the Indians may demand protection from the British, that if this is 
refused, as we may expect, a Coolness, or perhaps a quarrel, may arise be- 
tween them. 

I have the Honor to be Your Excellency's 

most ob't and Humble Servant, &c, &c 



Bond in the Penalty of One Thousand Pounds, 


Executed by James Bland, reinstated to his office of Clerk of the County, August 31st 
&c., requiring that he shall, well and fiadthfuUy execute the office of Clerk Westmore- 
of the Court aforesaid, and will refrain from moving or carr)ring, or suffer- 1^"^ county 
ing to be removed or carried out of the county of Westmoreland aforesaid, 
the Records and papers whereof he is clerk, &c. 

James Wood and James McClurg, Committee, 

Report that the Auditor of Public Accounts appears to comply with ye 
law in registering the daily proceedings of his office and regularly arrang- 
ing ye vouchers, &c. They are informed by him that he has been em- 
ployed this month in stating the amount of the Tax for 1785, Specie and 
certificates, against each individual Sheriff, and is making a settlement of 
books and accounts of the public foundery at Westham. His Ledger 
posted to loth June and his Journal brught up to Aug. ist. * * 

The Solicitor informs us that ye business of ye Continental Acc*t stands 
still for want of time to attend to it, or of further assistance, having been 
engaged this month in preparing notices. Executions, &c., and in dispatch- 
ing them to delinquent sherifis. 

August — 


Joseph Jones to Gov'r Henry. 


On the 4th Instant the Inhabitants in and about this place had a Petersburg 
meeting relative to the Refugees staying here contrary to the Law For 
prohibiting certain persons from migrating to this commonwealth and for 
other purposes. We came to * resolutions as are here enclosed. As I 
would do nothing contrary to the Laws of my Country, I would take it as 
an exceeding great &vour for you and the council's advice on this occasion 
how to act. The law is so vague that I really do not know. We are to 
have another meeting on the '15th Instant All the intention of those 
meetings are to enquire and to know the reason the Law is not enforced, 
and to have it inforced in future. It appears to be the wish of the people 
here, that all those that come within the Law should not stay, and as the 
Law does not print in what manner we are to get rid of them, I will thank 
you to point out in what manned I am to proceed as a magistrate to Exe- 
cute the Law. If you will pardon me for giving my opinion, I really 
think this matter ought to be taken up generally, and that you had better 
Issue your proclamation with advice of Council, requireing the magis* 

* Not found. 


1786. trates or militia officers to make diligent search in their respective Coun* 
September ties for all such persons as come within the Law and, report them to you, 
^^" or point out Some general mode for TryaL I will thank you for an 
answer before Friday next. 

I am with respect, Sir, 

Your most ob't H'bl Serv'nt, &c., Ac 

September Rich'd C. ANDERSON TO Capt. Mayo Carrington. 


Louisville He observes that Congress had sent out surveyors to locate lands on 

the north west side of the Ohio. The lands between the Scioto and Little 

Miamy were in the same category with those, and unless the Executive of 

Virginia shall authorize surveys, he should fail to get their lands into 

market as soon as those concerned in Lands now surveying. There 

would be no more danger of bringing on an Indian war in this procedure 

than in that authorized by Congress. He adds : " I shall write to Col. 

Campbell to use his influence in giting the line Established which I run, 

commonly called Henderson*s line. This may prevent dbputes for ages 

yet to come.*' He desires other items of information, "such as for the 

Assembly to declare who the Islands below the Green River and in the 

Ohio are subject to," &c. 

September The Sheriff of Nansemond Petitions the Governor and Council 

loth * 

For relief from the Executions against him as delinquent in collection of 
Taxes for 1784. More than one-half the taxes for that year due the peo- 
ple were unable to pay on account of the great scarcity of cash, the enor- 
mous price of the necessaries of life (especially Com), many &milies for 
months suffering for food, &c., and property exposed for sale, but no 
bidders appearing to purchase. 


Annapolis '^^ Edmund Randolph, James Madison, J*n*r, and St George Tucker, 

Esquires, Com'rs for the State of Virginia. 

Gendemen : 

Prior to the receipt of the Act of Virginia, leading to a general 
Convention of the States, the Governm't of Pennsylvania had in contem- 
plation the assimilation of those Commercial systems which have been 
adopted for a time by the Several States. 

Tho' difference of circumstances has led to dissimilar r^^ations, it was 
thought that none should be adopted which might be found to militate 


against the fundamental and essential principles of the Union. In exam- 1786. 
ining the laws of Trade in several of the States the following facts were September 
found to exist : '^ 

ist. That the duty of Tonnage on Vessels, built in or belonging to the 
citizens of the other States, was greater than that imposed on Vessek be- 
longing to the Citizens of the States enacting the Law, and equal in some 
instances to the Tonnage laid upon most of the foreign nations that have 
a Commercial intercourse with America. 

2dly. That the duties imposed upon Goods imported in Vessels built in 
or belonging to other parts of the Union, were greater than those laid on 
Goods imported in Vessels belonging to the enacting State. 

3d. That Goods of the growth, product, and manufacture of the other 
States in the Union, were charged with high Duties upon importation into 
the enacting State, as great, in many instances, as those imposed on foreign 
Articles of the same kinds. 

To procure an alteration of these matters, evidently opposed to the great 
principles and spirit of the Union, the State of Pennsylvania empowered 
her Commissioners to the general Convention to treat with certain Com- 
missioners appointed by the Legislature of Maryland, and with others 
who, it was understood, would be appoinited by the State of Virginia. 

As you do not conceive yourselves authorized to enter upon any dis-> 
cussion of thb Business, I have thought it my Duty to make this Commu- 
nication, and to request that you will do me the honor of reporting it to 
your Legislature. 

Having pointed out the circumstances in the Commercial laws of the 
States which appear to our Government to require reconsideration, it will 
be necessary to inform you how the laws of Pennsylvania stand in these 
particulars. They declare as follows : 

1st. That all vessels belonging to the Citizens of the United States, 
whether Pennsylvanians or others, shall pay the same Duty of Tonnage, 
and they do not discriminate against ships belonging to the Citizens of 
the other States, in any charge whatever. 

2ndly. The> impose the same Duties on Goods imported in ships be- 
longing to the citizens of Pennsylvania as are laid upon Goods imported 
in ships belonging to Citizens of the other States in the Union. 

3dly. They exempt entirely from impost all Goods, wares, or merchan- 
dise of the growth, product, or Manufacture of the United States. 

It IS easy to see that the Legislation of Pennsylvania was influenced to 
this kind of Conduct by a regard for the general Commerce of the nation, 
and that Federal considerations have led them to extend their care to that 
great object without any Discrimination in favour of their own citizens. 

The Communication of these circumstances, not heretofore sufficiendy 
known, and a due consideration of them will, it is hoped, be attended with 
the best consequences ; and as the proceedings of the general Convention 
must necessarily require considerable time, Pennsylvania, I trust, may con- 
fidendy expect that a State of so much wisdom and of views so enlarged, 



1786. as the Commonwealth of Virginia, will concur without delay in measures 

September which, by blending the interests, must cement the union of the States. 

'^^ I have the honor of being, with the most respectful consideration, gen- 


your mo. obed't Serv% &a, &c. 


Hanover That Wm. Johnson, Gent, recommended for a Justice of the Peace, 
^^""^ refused to act for reasons set forth in his letter to the Court, to wit: 


By the Sheriff 1 received your summons, requesting my reasons 

for not qualifying as a magistrate of the County. At the time I left the 
bench I mov*d for such repairs to the prison as I thought necessary to 
guard the Court against Insolvent Debtors, in which I was over rul'd. 
Under the present law, concerning prisons, I conceive our Court are 
answeraUe to the Sheriff for every debtor who breaks Jail ; and until I see 
such a prison in Hanover County, as the law directs, I must beg leave to 
persist in my resolution of not acting as a magistrate in the County. It was 
ordered by the Court that, in their opinion, there was a good and suffi- 
cient prison. At a continued Court it was ordered that advertisement be 
made in the Virginia GcLzetU for the letting to the lowest Ixdder the 
building a prison for the use of this county, &c. ; and on Sept 14th, 1786, 
Wm. Pollard, jr., Clerk, certifies that *' There has, since the above order, 
been a prison built in Hanover, and the Balance of the money due the 
undertaker ordered to be paid him." 

^^^^^^"^ Samp. Mathews and T. Meriwether, Committee, 

Point of Reporting to the Executive the Condition of the public arms, &c, at that 
^^^ place. On account of the insufficiency of the houses, and want of labour 
to clear them, the repaired arms in a very rusty, bad condition. Capt. 
Peyton thinks the rednlistment of the old guard, and a few more men, 
would enable him to keep in order all the repaired arms, together with 
those expected from France. They had ordered Capt Peyton to do 
the repairs necessary to preserve the powder and arms ordered from 
Europe, as the expence would not exceed si x pounds. 

They recommend the erection of a boring miU, the armorers being at 
present obliged to bore and grind the Bayonets by hand. A small Tub- 
Mill might also be constructed in the neighboring stream by which the 
State would realixe as much annual Toll as the mill would cost They 
enclose a plan of an Arsenal, calculated to contain 15,000 stand of arms. 
The present Magazine being very insufficient, Capt Peyton had been 
requested to draw a plan of one to be constructed of stone, and to con- 
tain 50 Too of Powder, &c. 


At a Meeting of a Number of Citizens of this Commonwealth, 1786. 

Held at the Golden-Ball, in Petersburg, on the 15th Day of September, September 
1786, Colo. Bland was unanimously appointed Chairman, and Colo. Da- '5th 
vies Secretary. Petersbug^ 

The meeting, after due deliberation, came to the following Resolutions : 

ist. Resolved, That it is the indisputable right of Freemen to assemble 
at any time id a peaceable and o^derly manner to discuss their public 
grievances, and if necessity shall require, to petition or remonstrate to 
their Rulers thereon. 

2d, Resohed, That no person vote at this meeting who is not a citizen. 

A motion was made by Colo. Heth, seconded by Mr. Eustis that the 
meeting come to the following resolution, viz : 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meeting there are now residing 
in this Town sundry persons who come within the intent and meaning of 
an Act of Assembly, entitled "An Act prohibiting the migration of certain 
persons to this Commonwealth, and for other purposes." That they have, 
each of them, been in this State above twelve months ; that their continu- 
ance gives much uneasiness to a majority of this meeting. 

To which an amendment was proposed by Colo. Davies, seconded by 
Colo. Banister, to strike out from the word Resolved to the end, and 
instead thereof to insert, " If there are any persons now residing in this 
Town who come within the intent and meaning of the Act of Assembly, 
prohibiting the migration of certain persons to this Commanwealth, it is 
the opinion of this meeting that their residence here is illegal, but as there 
are doubts respecting the execution of the said act, it is the opinion of 
this meeting that an application ought to be made to the Legislature at 
their next session praying a revision of the same." 

And upon the yeas and Nays being called for by Colo. Jones, they were 
taken as follows, viz : 

Yeas, for the amendment : Theodrick Bland, Jno. Banester, Wm. Da- 
vies, Francis Muir, John Shore, Thomas Boiling, Wm. Haxall, James 
Field, Thos. Humphreys, Wm. Bragg, T. Griffin Peachy, Fred Victor, 
Jas. Eason, Baldwin Pearce, Philip Ott, Sam'l Lennox, Jno. Kay, G. Dud- 
geon, Rob't Richardson, Thos. Genard, Thos. Kerr, James Geddy, David 
Anderson, Thos. Hope, Wm. McKennon, Alex. McNabb, Joseph Simpson, 
Jas. Taylor, Thos. Armstead, Benj. Smith, Greif Grammar, Rob't Boi- 
ling, James Cureton, F. McNeil, James Gibbon, Kennon Jones, Wm. Cole, 
James Giddie, J'nV, Jno. Storey, Wm. Durell, C. Logan, Arch'd Grade, 
James Freeland, and Mathew Fernando. 

Nays, against the amendment : Joseph Jones, Ab. Eustis, Rich*d Hill, 
Wm. Hill, Miles Hunter, Wm. Waddleton, James Vaughan, Wm. Starke, 


Z7S& John Vangban. Cbas. Joh&socL Norman Kgdov, AnthoDj Hea- 
September doo. John Snm rrv*!! . Ch. Roanie. R. Bigdow, Benj. Woodward. Wm. 
^3* Hctk NaL Harrs, Mich! Borkc. Joseph Caktm. John PbOanL Wm. Gray. 
Wm. Vest. Jrxo. A. F-amsar. Francis Therric Soeph. Goodwin, Henr>- 
Broodnax. HenV Randolph. John Grammar, C^d. Evans, Ned Rhea, 
Francs Aodersoo, Henrv SpelL James Harris^ Francis Haskins, Wm. 
VemsxL Rob't BoOxng > Ptince George . Charles RoasdL Thou Field, Jos. 

For die amendoKnt .•44 


jd* Jt£smtxd. That if diiere are asr p er so n s now rcsk£n^ m this Town 
wi^iin due latent ac&i nM^"«"g of me Act of Aasembiy prohib- 
iting the migrating of certain peraacss into this Coaunoawcalth. it b the 
opinkn of ths mwing that their residence here is iOegal ; but as there 
are doofacs respecting the execntioa of the said Act. it is the opcnioa of 
this «t^*'rii^ that an app&cadoa ooght to be made 03 the Legisiatnre at 
diexr next sesssoo, praying a nrvisicMi of the same. 

The mretrng then ^^cunted ondL 10 o'clock to-morrow. 

At a meeting hekl<4r Ai:^oarBaKnt of the i6di day of September. 
17S6. TKeodrick BSand Esq*r. in the Chair: 

The mfrring cuae to the fibflowing Resofiotaxx : 

WHiaLEAS^ It Es sugg e ste d there are sandrr pe i aoua now l e si i d e iit in diis 
Town, who COOK mider an Act of Assemcky Fnnr>d an Art tor prohibit- 
ing certain persoos ororn migranng :>j this Commoowealiik and for odier 
pnrpcsesw and whose stay mast cooaeqaently be Cegal : it ts theieibre 

4th. K:f»fC:«(d, That An Address be presented to the Gowemor and 
Coaadl to adopt sach na e aaures as by them may ^ deem'd most proper 
CO Enforce a dae Execution of the saai Act of Assemhcy. 

At an at^ixxraed in t e t ing heid dK af»TK?on of dfee SBne day. acom- 
mttfiee appcmted tt> <haw op st address te tfbeGoT. and CoaacEI reported, 
aad dietr actsn approved. A co ininirTee of ome was appoin t ed to 
pore a pedtson aad address e^ the Le^:i5ianire. <&& . vtz.: Jerm 
Chrsstopher McCconBco. Wm. Hedt. WSIiam rV&T»v Rkh'd HilL David 
RooBw Sc George Tocker. Thoous GriAi FsKhy ami Wm. Watkxosw 

ResohxtsoQS were p^s«ed '^■ifTiTTTg CoL BLmd for die great propile ty 
with which he hith -illed the chair, for hfi$ pcStmesB^ xssidnEty. &c &c.« 
and n> CoL Wm. CVivies foe his^ :» tt x e a> ass Secremry. and for 
trowhie he has been ar in execncsic db^same. 


Capt. John Peyton to Col. Thos. Meriwether, 17S6. 

Endosing esdmates of cost of commissary stores for that Port : also plan Soptembrr 
of magazine to contain fifty Tons Powder. Reminds him that neither he ' "th 
or Mr. Price had received any part of thdr salaries for twelve months, p" ^ 
and requests the advance of a quarter*s pay to relieve them of their many 

Capt. Peyton to Col. Meriwether. September 


Requesting him to send up the four fidd pieces which is in Town, viz.: PiNnt of 
2 Brass and 2 Iron pieces, to be left at Westham, where he had Canoes ''^'"'^ 
ready to bring them up to this port. The carriages ready upon which to 
mount them. 

Deposition of Capt. Sam*l Westcott, Sam*l Hodges and Others, ^pJ^*^"" 

Before John Nivison, Not. Public, that they had been employed in bring- Warwick 
ing twenty pieces of cannon (belonging to the publick) from Nansemond 
River to Fort Point, near Portsmouth ; that when dh the way from MajV 
Jeremiah Godwin's, on s'd River, where some of the guns lay, a violent 
storm of wind from the South West arose and upset them, causing the 
loss in five fathom water of the four Twdve-pounders which they had in. 

Whereupon I, the said Notary, at the request of the s*d Deponents, did 
and do hereby solemnly protest against the s'd winds. Seas and acddents 
for all the Loss^ Costs, Charges, Damages and Expenses suffered or to 
be suffered by the Publick and all others concerned or interested in such 
Guns by reason of the Premises. 

In &ith and testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my Hand, and 
caused my Seal Notarial to be affixed this 30th day of June, Anno 
Dom., 1786. 

JOHN NIVISON. Noey Pub'c. 

To which is appended the following : 

This is to certify that I've seen 17 Guns lying at the Fort Point, in 
Elizabeth river, near Portsmouth, above common high Tides mark, which 
is said that Mr. Sam'l Westcott landed there. 


WarTvick, Sept 22d, 1786. 


1786. J. Preston to the Gov. of Virginia. 

September He had forwarded a letter to his Excellency from the " Inhabitants of 
^^^ Bluestone, a frontier of Montgomery," begging for protection against the 

Mont- savages. Their apprehensions are well founded ; the Indians not fearing 
firomery ... . . 

the militia, and being able at any moment to make their attacks and re- 
tire without molestation, keep them in constant fear. The season which 
the Indians prefer for going to war was at hand ; the sig^s indicated their 
intentions to be hostile, and thie inhabitants, but few in number, and un- 
prepared for an attack, were daily expecting them. Under these circum- 
stances, he ventures to recommend, as the only and best way of defending 
the frontier, that a company of volunteers or drafted men be raised at once, 
whose commander should have authority to establish scouts, power to fur- 
nish his provisions from the county, &c. This company should be kept in 
service not less than three months at a time, and held always prepared to 
act against and pursue the enemy when discovered by the scouts sent out 
to watch for them. The Indians finding they could not " break in " with- 
out being discovered, would thus be deterred from their incursions. He 
solicits the command of this company, " not from any lucrative motive, 
but purely from an intention to do my country a service ; nothing can be 
made ; besides, my time and attention must be imployed in this service, 
and consequently draw me from an office which is very profittable, and 
this, Sir, you will find to be true when you get acquainted with my char- 
acter, that disinterested principles compose a great part of it" 


Bath, He is the Sheriff of Lancaster Co., and has been forced by excessive 

Berkley to seek relief at the springs. Is apprehensive his under sheri& 
will be backward in the collection of the Taxes and that a judgement and 
execution will be gotten against him as a delinquent. Adds : " It will he 
late next month before I can venture to quit the Springs, and shall then 
have a journey to perform of two hundred and thirty miles home, and. in 


all probability, in a very weak, low condition," &c. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

I am informed by letters from my County that the extreme scarcity of 
grain (com being at 25s. and 308. p. barrel) and low price of Tobacco, 
has disabled the people from paying their taxes as yet. 

September James Tavlor TO THE GOVERNOR, 


Richmond Enclosing a dissent to and protest against one of the Resolves of a meet- 
ing held by a number of the citizens of this Commonwealth in Peters- 
burg on the 15th and i6th September, as follows : 



We, whose names are hereunto subscribed, having composed part of a 1786. 
meeting held at the Town of Petersburg on Friday and Saturday, the September 
15th and i6th of this Instant, September, &c., * ♦ ♦ 27th 

do hold it our duty to our Fellow-Citizens and Ourselves to Dissent from 
and Protest against the fourth Resolution, for the reason that it precludes 
a revision of the Act of Assembly referred to in the 3d resolution, and 
because the law, although passed several years ago, had resulted in no 
inconvenience to the people, because the Execution of such a Law being 
a matter of Serious concern to the Community at lai^e, should not be 
allowed to apply to partial or local circumstances or representations, and 
because the mode of punishment, in case of its infraction, is involved in 
ambiguity and doubt, and should not be inflicted without a fair trial. 
For all which Reasons we do dissent from the said Fourth Resolution as 
unnecessary, and having a tendency to awaken animosities and disturb 
the Harmony and Order of Society. 



Protest of Numerous Citizens of that County 

Against the proceedings of a meeting held in Petersburg on the 15th and 
i6th Instant, urging the Governor to put into execution the Law pro- 
hibiting certain persons migrating to this Commonwealth, &c. They 
add : '* It is with heartfelt sorrow we view any of our fellow-citizens 
attempt the revival of past animosities, and more so in this Instance, as 
that the Law has been passed near three years, and we have never heard 
of its being enforced by the Executive. We mean not to trouble your 
Elxcellency with our opinion on the Law, or the Effect it may have on 
the Community, but only pray that you will not enforce the Same, from a 
thought that the meeting before mentioned conveys the wishes or opinions 
of the majority of the Citizens residing in the said County ; and we fur- 
ther beg leave to recommend, your Excellency will be pleased, as the 
meeting of the Honorable House of Assembly is so very near, to lay the 
Same before them for their Revision. 

We most Humbly suggest to your Excellency that it appears to as If 
it is Politic any Class of men should be prevented from injoying the 
rights of Citizenship equal with ourselves, the before mentioned Act is not 
to that end suffidendy explicit 




1786. Robert Andrews to Gov. Henry. 


October 2d By last Friday's Post I was &voured with your Letter of the 21st 

Williams ult, which is the only one that has reached me since early in the Spring, 
^^^^ although I have information from Mr. Selden that you have several times 
written on the same subject. This, I hope, will acquit me to your Excel- 
lency of that want of Politeness and due Respect, of which I must have 
appeared guilty. I could have wished that both the Time and Place of 
the meeting of th^ N. Carolina assembly had been fixed more conveni- 
ently for me, but I shall, nevertheless, so anxious am I bring forward the 
business of the Canal, wait on it, unless something happens which I do 
not now foresee. Mr. Ronald's abilities would make him a very desirable 
associate, but if he declines the appointment, I beleive Mr. John Cowper, 
of Portsmouth, will answer very well to substitute in his room. This 
Gentleman, besides being a Person of good understanding, has an intimate 
acquaintance with the principal characters of N. Carolina, and he is much 
interested in the success of this measure. I suppose twenty or twenty- 
five Pounds will be sufficient to def];^y the expenses of this Journey. 
I have the honor to be, with the greatest Respect, 

Your Excellency's obed't and very h'ble Serv't, &c., &c. 

October 3d Jos. Martin TO Gov. Henrv. 

Citico The Cherokee Indians contented, notwithstanding the late campaign 

unjustly carried on against them. No danger of their assisting the Creeks. 
He hears the Governor of the Floridays had told the Creeks to send four 
men from each of their Towns for ammunition, to be reserved in these 
Towns. The Gov. of Georgia had sent him word the army against the 
Creeks was ready, and was to rendezvous on the Shoulderbone, a branch 
of the Oconies, the fifteenth of this Instant ; that he had demanded satis- 
faction of them for the mischeif they had done, or should march at once 
upon their Towns. The Cherokees much pleased at this. Tassell was 
then with him, and desires him to send his thanks *' in a particular man- 
ner " for the medal which he, with the consent of the white nation, had 
given to a cheif Highwasse, a relation of Oconostoto. He had been 
through the different towns of late, and should do all he could to keep them 
in a good humour, tho' they were very uneasy about their lands. The 
people from N. Carolina had actually setded within five miles of thdr 
Towns, and they desire Congress to be informed of this. He adds: " Mr- 
Gilbery, who manages the Creek Business for the Spaniards, has actually 
sent to Cumberland for the people there to send Commissioners to him 
and he will treat with them separately ; for which purpose they Commis- 
sioned one Sam'l Martin. He is now on that Business in the Creek na- 


One Sam'l Riley, in whom I can confide, Informs me that he has con- 1786- 
versed with some of the French on the Tenesee. They tell him they have October 3d 
more Goods and ammunition stored up near the Muscel Sholes than all 
the Southern Indians can purchase in three years. He says they bring 
them from the Opost, that they are under British Government. Samuel 
Martin, on his way to the Creeks, spoke with some of them at Chickamogga, 
desired them to leave our country unless they would apply in a proper man- 
ner for liberty. Their answer was that if they ware drove of it would be 
attended with a bad consequence. They have large supplies of ammunition 
and very little here. A number of Indians from these Towns are going to 
them for a supply — two Canoes passed by heare Yesterday ; Several others 
were ready to start. I shall be very attentive to their motions. If your 
Excellency will favour me with any commands they will meet me at the 
North Carolina Assembly, as much is to be done there in November next 
Respecting the Indians. The old Tassell urges me to be there. 
I have the Honour to be, with great Respect, 

your Excellency's most ob't and very 

Humble Serv't, &c, &c. 

John P. Duvall, Co. Lieut., October 6th 


To the Manager at the Lead Works, Montgomery County : 

^^^ • Harrison 

I had virble ordera some time ago from his Excellency, Govemour county 

Henry, to call on you for any Quantity of Lead, not Exceeding one Thous- 
and Weight, in case of an invation ; and as that is the case at Present in 
this County, Be pleas to send by the Bearer the above Quantity of one 
Thousand Weight, and his Receipt will be Excepted of by the Governor, 
as he informed me he had given you general orders in case the different 
County Lieutenants should call on you for the same. Your compliance 
will oblige. Sir, 

Your most ob't, H'ble serv't, &c., &c. 

David Jameson to Jacquelin Ambler, October 8th 

In fi^ivor of the releif of Cap. Thomas Bowne in the final settlement of York 
his accounts. He had been appointed by Col. Davies in 1781 an assistant 
commissary under Majir Pryor after his return from captivity in Charles 
Town. ****** 

Capt Bowne is a good citizen — a man of unblameable character, and much 
esteemed by all who know him. He entered into the service at the be- 
ginning of the war as a volunteer, and by his merit rose to the rank of a 
Captain in one of the Virg'a Regiments that went to Charles Town, 
where he was captured. 



1786. Capt. J. Peyton to Col. T. Meriwether^ 

October 8th Expressing great regret the Governor should have blamed him for not 

Point of hsiving put the arms at that Port in boxes, whereby they would have been 

Fork icept from rusting. He thinks this would not have prevented it The 

wheels for the Port Carriages ready to be delivered either at that place or 

at Westham. 

October 9th L. WooD, Jr., to the Governor, 

Richmond Expressing great concern at finding himself unable to obtain Judgments 
^^ ffi^^*^*^ against the Sheriffe for the Taxes of 1785, owing to errors in the addi- 
tions of the Clerk's Returns of Taxable Property, and requesting direc- 
tions how to proceed, so as to correct the Books and prevent Sheriff 
making improper settlements. 

October 13th DUDLEY DiGGEs TO Hon. J. Ambler, Esq. 

Williams- The Court of Directors have at length effected the repairs of the 

burg Hospital for Lunatics, &c., and put it in a proper Condition to receive 
some unhappy Patients who have long suffered for want of this humane 
Asylum, established and intended by the Legislature of our Country for 
their benefit and support. In doing this, however, the whole sum of two 
hundred pounds, lately received from the Treasury, hath been exhausted ; 
and therefore the Court of Directors have come to a Resolution, which I 
have now the honor to enclose, requiring Mr. Joseph Homsby, Treasurer 
to the said Hospital, to draw on you for the sum of foiu* hundred pounds, 
being the balance of six hundred pounds voted by the Gen'l Assembly 
for the purpose of supporting this same Hospital, &c 

October 14th By his Excellency^ Patrick Henry, Esquire, 

Governor of the State of Virginia : 


Richmond WHEREAS, I have received Information that sundry Persons, coming 
under the description of those who are forbidden by Law to migrate into 
this Commonwealth, have, notwithstanding, become resident within the 
same, I have therefore thought fit, by and with the advice of the Council, 
to issue this, my proclamation, hereby commanding every person within 
this Commonwealth, whose residence therein is forbidden by the Act 
entitled " An Act to prevent the migration of certain Persons to this Com- 
monwealth, and for other purposes," That they forthwith depart there- 
from. And for as much as it is essential to good Government that in all 


cases a temperate and regular adminbtration of Justice should prevail, 1786. 
especially in cases where the rights of foreign Nations may be concerned, October 14th 
and to the end that offenders against the said recited Act may be pro- 
ceeded against, agreeable to the usual forms of Law, all the good citi- 
zens of this State are injoined to give information to the Attorney- General 
of, and concerning, all Offences which they may know, or have good 
reason to beleive, are committed against the forementioned Law, in order 
that Indictments in the General Court may be prosecuted against the 
Offenders ; and for the better information of those whom it may con- 
cern, I have caused a Copy of the said Act to be Subjoined. 

Given under my hand and the Seal of the Commonwealth, in the Coun- 
cil Chamber at Richmond, this 14th day of October, in the year of our 

Lord 1786. 


A. Blair, C C 

Ed. Randolph, Att'y General, to the Govenor. October 15th 


Your Excellency having called upon me for my opinion as to the Richmond 

legal mode of proceeding against persons who come within the pur- 
view of the Act of Assembly, entided an Act prohibiting the migration 
of certain persons to this Commonwealth, and for other purposes, I beg 
leave'to inform you that this act has pointed out no specific stile of pros- 
ecution. It has, however, declared that persons of a particular descrip- 
tion shall not migrate. The migration therefore of such persons is an 
offence against that act The remedy, then, seems to be, according to the 
doctrine of Hawkins on the subject of offences indictable at common law, 
that they are indictable for coming hither ; For when a statute forbids a 
thing to be done, and provides no particular mode of prosecuting for an 
act done against it, an indictment lies, as a matter of course. 

I have the honor, sir, to be with great respect, 

y'r mo. ob. Ser., &c., &c. 

Wm. Ronald to the Governor. October 20th 

Absence from home had been the cause of his Excellency's letter of 21st Powhatan 
Sept, dated at Salisbury, not coming to hand sooner. He had not been county 
aware of his appointment as Commissioner on the Canal Business until 
very recently. Expresses regret that his private afiairs so demand his at- 
tention that he must request the Governor to excuse him, trusting a pro- 
per person may be found who can undertake this business. Should it be 
otherwise, however, it would give him so much pain should this very desi- 
rable public object be delayed from any aid in his power to give, that he 
would submit to any present incovenience to accompany Mr. Andrews to 
N. Carolina. 


1786. Resolttiok 

October 26th Requesting the Executive to furnish the House an exact statement of all 
Thunday taxable property within the Commonwealth ; of tlie duties payable on Ex- 
House of ports and Imports, together with product of the said Taxes and Duties 
^^ from Jan'y ist, 1783, to Oct 12, 1786: giving the am*t of ^>ecie and 
special pnUic securities ; the arrearages of Taxes due, and the sums of 
money advanced to the ci\nl officers of Government from the ist Jan*y to 
the present time. 

October— MESSRS. MiLEs Selden and Carter BkAXTOK, Committee, 

Rqx>it favorably on the State of the Auditor's and Scdidtor's offices. 

November Dqctor Fodshee's Comp'ts to His Excellency the Governor, 

Wednesday And as he understands that his Excdl*y has sent in a Letter of resignation, 
begs leave to request the favour of him, as he is best acquainted with the 
drcumstances, to say, with the Hon'ble Board, what allowance shall be 
made the Doctor for his trouUe in Examining Prisoners, &a 



Norfolk He had found it necessary to purchase a Boat in order to attend to his 
duties properly. It is a very hard life, having to measure every vessel 
that comes into the Port. The British vessels rarely enter their Tonnage 
correctly, often falling short one hundred tons. 

November . Petition of Jeremiah Jacob and Mary, his Wife, 

Formerly the wife of David Rodgers, who has been employed by the 
State to raise a Party of men and a Boat to go an Embassy to New Or- 
leans to negotiate Business of Importance on behalf of this Common- 
wealth, which there was reason to believe he had performed. But on his 
return up the Ohio River with goods, &c., he was attacked and defeated 
by the Indians, and lost his life, property, and papers thereby. That he 
was the second husband she (Mary Jacob) had lost in the public service, 
and with him all her property. She therefore b^;s for rdief in the 



Capt. J. Peyton to Col. Meriwether. 


He sends a wagon with the stores needed by Capt. Barron, viz : 20 p'r November 
Breeches, 20 p'r Stock'gs, 12 musketts with bayonets, 12 Cartridge boxes, p ^^ r 
100 lbs. Cannon powder, 30 doz. musket Cartridges, 6 doz. flints, 6 pis- pork 
tols, and 50 lbs. musket ball, for which he requests a receipt. Mr. 
Price and himself start for the lead mines the day after to-morrow for the 
purpose of bartering off Feilding for Beef and Horses for the use of this 
Post. Thinks beef will be hard to get. Great want of Iron to make bay- 
onets and no money with which to purchase it. 

Capt. Peyton to Col. Meriwether. 


Mr. David Ross desires to know of the Executive whether they will Point of 
sell to him a Ton of ye public lead that is lodged with Mr. McGavock at 
Fort Chiswell. 

Edmund Randolph, Esq., 

Elected on joint ballot Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, to 
serve one year from the thirtieth of November, 1786. 

Messrs. Mathews, Madison, Wm. Thornton, Turbeville, and John Sea- 
brook Wells, the Committee on the part of the House, to meet the 
Senate Committee, for the purpose of examining and counting the ballots. 



House of 


of Virginia 

Five Delegates to Congress, 

Viz: Wm. Grayson, James Madison, Jr., Rich'd Henry Lee, Joseph Jones, 
and Edward Carrington, Esquires, elected by joint ballot of the General 
Assembly to serve for one year. 


CoL. J. F. Moore to the Governor, 


Complaining of the action of the Court of that County, only four being Jefferson 
in the bench, in nominating two of their own number for County Officers, county, Ky 




Capt. John Peyton to Col. Meriwether, 

November Acknowledging receipt of his letter of the 8th, in obedience to which 
20th Mr. Price, who had been acting as Clerk to the Post, and who was then at 
Fork ^^^ ^^^^ mines on public business, would consider himself as discontinued 
as soon as he returned. He also considers himself no longer a public 
officer, not being equal to the whole of the dut}' required at the place. 
Begs the Executive Board be informed of this, that his successor may be 
appointed to receive the stores in his care and setde the accounts of the 


L^vi Todd to Gov. Henry, of Virginia. 
May it Please Your Excellency : 


Since the return of the armies from the north west side of the Ohio, 
I presume many, and perhaps various accounts of the Success of one, and 
failure of the other, have been transmitted to your Excellency. Since 
the return of the Army under General Clark, I have been convinced (and 
expect the Executive will deem it necessary) that an enquiry ought to be 
made into the causes of the bad Success of that Army, and hope this 
may be done by some Judicious and discerning Men of the District, not 
Officers in that Army, by Order of the Executive. I wish that facts 
might be fairly stated — then, and not till then. Truth will iairly transpire, 
and reflections fall on those who from their conduct merit it. A Circum- 
stantial detail cannot be given without pointing out such conduct in offi- 
cers as (if properly proved) ought to prevent the like kind forever in 
future from them. For these Reasons, and my being an Officer at the 
Time, I omit saying anything more, but earnestly requesting that some 
mode of this nature may be adopted by the Executive to point out men 
who officiate without merit. 

I have the Honour to be your Excellency's 

Obed't H'ble Serv't, &c., &c 



At a Court of Quarter Session 

Goochland Continued and held by adjournment, &c. Present in Court, Thomas T. 
county Bates, John Guerrant, John Curd, John Shdton, and Mathew Vaughn, 
Gents, the Justices. Two of the other Justices having demeaned them- 
selves in a manner unbecoming the Office of Justices of the Peace by 
Drunkenness, and appearing in Court during the sitting of the Court 
while drunk, to the great interruption of Business, it was ordered that the 
matter be reported to the Executive of the State for their consideration. 




Col. Jos. Martin to Gov. Henry^ of Virginia, p*r Col. Hairston. 1786. 


I retum'd from the Cherokee nation last evening, took Georgia in November 

my rout, to know what was done with the Creeks. The particulars from SmiS's 

there is, they have Treated on the following tearms : The Creeks have River 

agreed to give up all the lands heartofore sold to that State. They have 

agreed to give up all plundered property, also their murtherers. In 

security they have given up five of their Cheifs as hostages und)l they 

comply with the Treaty. Fifteen light Horse have gone home with the 

Creeks from the Treaty to see the Murtherers executed. * * 

It is certain that the settlers on Cumberland have commission' d a certain * 

Saml Martin to make a separate Treaty of peace with the Creek Indians 

for that Quarter. He waited on Mr. McGilvery accord'y, and finished 

that business, which app'd by the following letter from one of the Traders : 

Look Out Mountain, ye 15th of October, 1786. 

We have very litde news on this quarter, only I saw Mr. Martin a 

few days ago on his way from the Creek Nation He informs me 

that.he has made a lasting piece with the Creeks for Cumberland. He 

was in company with Charles Weatherford, two Creeks and a Linquestor. 

The French hear carry a very high hand, and I expect in a very short 

time will draw all the Indians off to their Interest. They sell them the 

best Diffle Blanketts for one Otter skin, or two pounds of Beaver furr, 

which is much cheaper than we can purchase them at Augusta. If the 

States don't do something shortiy the American Traders must give over 

all pretensions of Trading in future, and give up the traid to Detroit, 

where those French traid to. 

I am, S'r, yV most H'ble Serv't, 


If the Creeks have Treated with Cumberland seperately, I fear they 
will turn their attention to the Kentucky Road and powel's Valley, as I 
suppose Georgia said nothing about that Quarter. If so, that Defenceless 
part must suffer greatiy, as no kind of assistance can be had from that 
defenceless County, Russell, as the County is about one hundr*d miles in 
length, in the widest part not over ten, and in many parts not over five. 
Every part of it is a frontier. I set out on Saturday next for the Assem- 
bly of No. Carolina, to lay before that Honorable body the proceedings of 
the pretended State of Franklin, their Encroachments on the Indian 
Lands, &c The Indians prest me so eamesdy that I could by no means 
refuse. I expect to return in the beginning of next month, and set Im- 
mediatdy for the Cherokee nation. Any Commands that your Excel- 
lency will honour me with shall be carefully attend, to. 

I have the Honor to be, with very great Respect, 

YV Excellency's most H'bleand most ob't Serv't, &c., &c. 


1786. P. S. — Mr. McGilvery, the Spanish Agent, nor none of his party, came 

November in to the Treaty (tho' sent for). His answer, I am well informed, was, he 
2 'St wou'd treat with Congress, tho* not with Georgia. The Middles promised 
the Chickasaws and Cherokees. Please to forward by Colo. Hairston. 
The Lookout Mountain is about 115 miles south west from the Old 
Cherokee Towns, 25 from Chicamogys, one of the principle Towns 
belonging to the Cherokee. 


The Governor 

House of Requested to lay before the House the Journal of the proceedings of the 

Delegrates r^ 

^ Executive. 

November . j^^^g i^^^ Esq'k., 


Elected by joint ballot of the GenT Assembly Attorney-General of Vir- 
ginia, to succeed Edmund Randolph, Esq., resigned. To take effect the 
ist day of December next 

23d ^^ Whereas a Resolution, Passed the i2TH Day of June, 1781, 

Thursday Requesting the Executive to present to Capt. John Jouett an elegant 
Ddezates sword and pair of pistols as a memorial of the high sense the General As- 
sembly entertained of his activity and Enterprise in watching the motions 
of the enemy's Cavalry on their incursion to Charlottesville, and convey- 
ing to the Assembly timely notice of their approach, whereby the designs 
of the Enemy were frustrated and many valuable stores preserved, and 
it appearing that the same has not been compleady carried into execu- 
tion — 

Resolved^ Therefore, that the Executive be requested to comply with 
the said resolution in such manner as to them shall appear most proper, 
and that they be empowered to draw upon the Treasurer for such a sum 
of money out of the Contingent fund as shall be necessary for the pur- 

1786, December 12th. 

Agreed to by the Senate. 



Wm. Ronald, Thos. Harris, L. Mosby, 1786. 

John Netherland, Edmund Lo^^ood, Edward Mumford, Richard Crump, November 
Goodrich Crump, George Williamson, Wade Mosby, and Thos. Turpin, ^^^ 
j'n*r, to the Executive, praying for the relief of Vincent Markham from coun^" 
Judgment obtained against him as High Sheriff of Powhatan Co. for part 
of the Tax of the year 1785. They certify that it has been from no want 
of industry or fidelity on the part of the sheriflT or his deputy, Mr. Josiah 
Smith ; that the Tax has not been forthcoming, but from the extreme pov- 
erty of the people, the scarcity of money, and the entire failure of the 
wheat crop, and that whenever the sheriff has attempted to make sale of 
effects in performance of his duties there has not been any bidders. 

Joseph Crockett to Gov. Henry. November 

-' 27th 

Since he has had the honor of a seat in the Legislature he had observed Richmond 
with pleasure that the Executive were doing all in their power for the wel- 
fare and safety of the western Frontiers, and he hopes they have thereby 
been sucessful in restoring permanent peace and safety to that unhappy 
country. He takes the liberty of suggesting to his Excellency the great 
necessity of a magazine being Established in the Kentucky Country. 
In view of the great scarcity of arms and ammunition in that region, 
such a step would be the only means under Heaven of checking the In- 
dians and stoping the effusion of Christian Blood. The experience of the 
last two campaigns had proved this. 

Isaac Vanmeter to the Hon. Ed. Randolph. November 


Hon'ble Sir: 

As our Escheater seems gready at a Loss how to Proceed 
in his Duty, he has requested me to endeavor to obtain for him such In- 
structions as may be necessary for him about his Business, particularly 
what kind of Estates are Escheatable. The forms of the Inquisition, the 
particular manner in which it is to be taken. And as the South Branch 
manor is, under peculiar circumstances, being leased by the late Lord 
Fairfiuc to the different Tenants for Three Lives, renewable forever at 
20s. sterling Rent for every Hundred acres per Year. » ♦ ♦ ♦ 
In case the Proprietor's Estate therein be Escheatable, he would be glad 
of Particular Directions thereto. 

There is also a manor on Patterson's Creek, in Hampshire and Hardy 
Counties, belonging to Philip Martin, Esq'r, an officer in the British army, 





1786. Leased for three Lives at tbe same rate, bat not renewable, &c. Also a 
Novctnber number of Tracts Leased by L'd Fairfax and Colo Bilartin, as att'y in Fact 
for his brother, &c, concerning whidi he likewise writes for Instructions. 
We are alarmed with a scheme of Speculation in the Land way in our 
Parts, but what the Prospect or Design is we are not yet informed. Per- 
haps it may be aimed at one or both these manors. Should it be the case, 
and they succeed, I am apprehensive it would raise sudi a spirit of resent- 
ment as would be productive of very fiUal consequences, as the Tenants 
already think themselves gready aggrieved under tbe op pr ess iv e Burthen 
of both rents and Taxes, &c. 



Thos. Tinsley to Gov. P. Henry. 
Dear Sir: 

My Brother, who is offering for the Command of the * Cavalry 
to be raised by this State, is very anxious to get tbe appointment He 
depends much upon you, and flatters himself through your interest he 
may succeed, even if the appointments should not take place before you 
go out of the Government He has requested me to write to you, and 
I do most earnestly solicit you to serve him in this instance. He was an 
Officer in the Cavalry in the late war, and could, with the greatest ease, 
get his men. Indeed, I would engage for him in any penalty that he 
should raise the whole of the men if it should be required. He would, if 
the Captaincy can't possibly be got, take the Lieutenancy, his fondness for 
the military life being so great I flatter myself your bdng an old County- 
man of ours, and being acquainted with my &ther and us from our 
infancy, will be some little inducement with you to serve him. 

I have the honour of being. 

With every sentiment of r^^ard and esteem, 

D'r Sir, your mo. ob't Serv't, &c., &c. 



Depositions of Sundry Persons 

Taken before John Craig, Rich'd Young, Thos. Lewis, and Robert John- 
son, Justices, in the case of Colo. Robert Patterson, charged with ill^;ally 
impressing Commissary stores for the use of the Troops, intended to act 
against the Shawanees Indians in September, 1786 ; and with conduct 
unbecoming an oflicer, &c. &c 

♦ Cavalry for the U. States, ordered by act of Congress of Oct aoth, 1786, one 
Company of which was to be raised in Virginia. 


Daniel M. Payne 1786. 

Deposed that CoL Patterson had violently taken possession of his father's November 
store after the quantity of salt required by the Quarter Master had been ^^h 
furnished — broke down the door thereof, exposing the goods to plunder — 
had seized upon his own person, and put him under guard, with the 
intention of carrying him off with the troops, without giving him the 
opportunity of securing the store and the contents, valued at fifteen 
hundred pounds, &c. 

Deposition of Geo. Shortage. 

On the 4th Sept, 1786, in Lexington, he applied to Colo. Levi Todd to 
excuse him from going with the Troops for a few days, as his wife was 
likely to have a litde one, and that he would follow the Army and Join 
him at the Falls of the Ohio in two or three days. Todd replied, that he 
had better come along; that he intended to rule by an Arbitrary power 
until he returned fi'om the campaign. A short time before this he had 
been required by one of Col. Todd's officers, and by his orders, to im- 
press the cattle of one Eli Geavland, by way of making an example of 
him, and with further orders to kill him should he resist. 

Deposition of Thomas Young, 

Quarter Master to Col. Patterson. He had been ordered by Col. Patter- 
son to provide three busheb of salt for the Troops ordered out on the 
Shawney Expedition. His orders were in writing, to impress enough for 
three hundred men for twenty days. He obeyed the order by procuring 
more than the necessary quantity from Mr. Dani Payne, and having it 
duly appraised. Finding he had too much, he informed Col. Patterson, 
who ordered him not to return the excess. Subsequendy his orders were 
to take two more busheb. This Mr. Payne resisted, but CoL Patterson, 
with a guard of men, broke open the store and seized the contents, and • 
put Mr. Payne under arrest, with the view of carrying him off with the 
army, which was done, leaving his property in the hands of the Soldiers. 
On the 22d Sept he was ordered by Col. Patterson to impress 100 pounds 
of lead from old Mr. Grymes, which was done by Lieut McMustree with 

a file of men. 

Rich'd Young 

Deposed that Col. Patterson had requested him on the 26th Sept, 1786, 
the day for the rendezvous of the militia, to apply to Mr. Ed. Payne for 
Salt, he, Patterson, not being on very friendly terms with that gendeman. 
Payne expressed great willii^^ess to supply every man with Salt who 
wanted it, but that Col. Patterson had made free with his character and 
had not treated him well, and that he should be g^ad to see him at some 
future dav. 


lym. John Patxe 

Movember Dq>o»ed that on the 6ch SepL^ 1786, be had been arrested by CoL Todd, 
^^ pitt ondcr gosurd, and threatened to be treated as a deserter — was kept in 
dtu'Cit until he famished a sobstitate for his service. 

Wm. Jenkins 

Deposed that he had heard G>1. Levi Todd say he had ordered the 
seizure of EH Qeaveland's cattle, and that Mosby, the impressing officer, 
had told him, if Qeaveland resisted, he should kill him. 

Mary Cleaveland 

Deposed that, about the 2d Sept., seven men came to impress Eli Qeave- 

land's property; that she told them to stand back, when one of them 

presented a gun at her brest. She demanded their authority, but did 

not produce it, only adding, ** they would be Dam'd If they Did not get 

the Beef, Bacon, and pack horses they wanted." Whereupon they drove 

off fourteen he^d of cattle, part milch Cows and part Stears. She stopped 

them at the gate, at which they broke the fence, and Drove the said catde 

of, &c. 

Phillip Eastin 

Deposed that on Teusday, 26th Sept., 1786, this Deponent has served 
for seven years in the regular army in the Virg*a Continental line, and 
bore a Lieutenant^s Commission, which place he filled with propriety, and 
that, on the day above mentioned, the s*d Deponent was taken out of his 
own house, and the Door forced open by a certain James Kenny, Lieu- 
tenant, commanding a party of men. 

The 8*d Kenny let this Deponent Ride one of the horses for about a 
half a mile, then they made the s'd Deponent walk and run until he lost 
his shoes ; then they tied this deponent round the middle with a rope and 
' tied the rope to a horse* s tail, and then they rode on briskly and made 
the 8*d deponent run after them untill he fell down, and then they drew 
him, the s^d Deponent, on the Ground tied to a horse for a considerable 
distance, which much very hurt the s*d deponent, so that he was not able 
to march, and borrowed a horse to return home on, which was ten miles 
distance from the camp ; and this deponent made application to Colo. 
Rob*t Patterson, who commanded the militia from Fayette, and he would 
give him no redress, only gave him, the s*d deponent, a pass to return 
to Lexington to recruit himsdf and then to follow the army. 

Mathew Walker 

Testified that on the 26th Sept, 1786, he had been arrested by a guard of 
men under Col. Rc^'t Patterson, and carried some distance, until he 
agreed to join the army in the expedition against die Shawney nation. 



Morgan Morgan 


Deposed that he was arrested by Capt. McMullen, under order of Col. Levi November 
Todd, put u(>on his own horse and carried to Lexington. Upon com- ^9th 
plaining to Col. Todd, he was informed he had a right to take him in the 
manner he did, and that nothing could be done for his release, although 
he was willing and ready to pay his fine. 

John Craig, Rich'd Young, 

Rob't Johnson and Thos. Lewis cehify as follows : 

We, the subscribers, at the Request of Mr. Edward Payne and others, 
did meet at Lexington, the 29th day of Nov., 1786, in order to take Dep- 
ositions concerning Colo. Robert Patterson's conduct as an officer in the 
County of Fayette, and that he, the said Patterson had legal notice, and 
accordingly came before the Depositions were taken and Demanded of 
us to know by what authority we took Depositions. We told him we 
convened together to take Depositions to lay before the Governor and 
Council in regard to his conduct as an officer, and that he was sent for to 
see those Depositions fairly taken. He reply'd they could only take his 
commission, which he would not walk out of Doors for, took his leave and 
withdrew before the s'd Depositions were taken. 

Given under their hands this 29th day Day Nov.^ 1786. 

Extract of a Letter 

firom a Gentlemen in North Carolina to a gendeman in Congress : 

I have just and , who are returned from Nashville. They 

Inform me that Gen'l Clarke and Col. Logan are now on their march with 
some militia from Kentucky to punish the western Indians for their pred- 
atory excursions against our Citizens. 

Clarke is much exasperated against some Spaniards and others, settlers 
at Opost He charges them with furnishing the Indians with military 
stores, and declares his intention of using them with a heavy hand as well 
as retaliating on the Spaniards for some of the Seizures and Confiscations 
of the property of our Citizens at the Natches. They add that Garke is 
constantly drunk. 


I, John Harvie, 

A Justice of the Court for the County aforesaid, do hereby certify that 
the oath giveing assurance of Fidelity to the Commonwealth, and the oath 
of Governor, have, in due Form of Law, been this day administered by 






1796. me to Edmund Randolph, EsqV, pursuant to the act of the General As- 
Decerober semUy, intituled an Act presenting the oath of fidelity and the oaths of 
certain puUick officers. 

Given under my hand and seal this ist day of December, 1786. 



BoLLiNG Starke, Esq'r.^ 

iSsenMy ^^^®^" member of the Privy Council by joint ballot of both houses in 
Friday place of Spencer Roane, Esq'r., resigned. 


Henry Lee, Esq'r., 

Chosen delegate to Congress by joint Ballot of two houses of the General 
Assembly in place of Joseph Jones, Esq'r., who declines to accept his ap- 
pointment, &c 


This Day Rolling Starke, Esq'r., 

Henrico Took the oaths of Fidelity to the State, and also the oath of office as a 
Privy Councillor, agreeable to Law, before me, a magistrate for the County 
Given under my Hand this 4th day of December, 1786. 




Arthur Campbell to Gov. Ed. Ranix)lph, of Va. 


After consulting with the other members for Washington and Mont- 
gomery Counties, they agree in the following facts : 

That from Point of Fork to the highest portage on Holstien is about 
300 miles; That from Fort Chiswell to the aforesaid portage is 100 miles. 
That there is very litde doubt but that Boats can be constructed or pur- 
chased to transport the ammunition and arms from Holstein by water to 
the Falls of Ohio, or the Salt Works on Salt River, by the last of April 
or sooner. That on the southern road waggons can p>ass all winter, and 
the Tenassee at no season freezes over. Danger from the Creeks or 
Chickamogga part of the Cherokees is not to be apprehended, as a Cheif 
of the upper Cherokees may, at a small price, be procured to go in the 
Boat all the wa^. Upon a hasty calculation the expence of transportatipn 
would be about one-half of that which is usually paid by the way of Fort 



Pitt, and the danger from the nothem Indians attacking the Boats on the 1786. 

Ohio much greater than on the Tenassee. For more accurate and satis- I>ecember 

factory information, I beg to refer your Excellency to Colo. Craig and 5th 

Colo. Crockett. 

I am, Hon'ble Sir, 

Your most Obedient Serv't. 

Rob't Johnson to Gov. Henry. 


He is living about thirteen miles from the Town of Lexington, in Fayette Big Cross- 
County. Great complaint existed in that country against the officers of i"&» Fayette 
that County for their bad conduct in the late expedition against the Indians Kentucky 
north of the Ohio River. We have two sorts of people in this country, 
one called tuckyahoes, being Generall. of the Lowland old Virginians. 
The other Gass is Called cohees. Generally made up of Backwoods Vir- 
ginians and Northward men, Scotch, Irish, &c., which seems, In some 
measure, to make Distinctions and Particions amongst us ; and some time 
lately I understood there came to hand commissions for ten magistrates, 
and when those ten was recommended I believe there was no advantage 
taken by either party in the nominations. 


Capt. Jas. Barron to Gov. Randolph. 

The State Schooner Patriott, at present under the Command of my 
Son, brings up the 10 chests of Small arms which was detained at Norfolk 
for duty, freight and storage. My Extreme indisposition prevents my 
attend' g in person. I can answer for the greatest Care being Taken of 
them, and their safe delivery at Richmond. 


Anonymous Letter 

Complaining of the administration of affairs in that country, &c., ad- 
dressed to Gov. Pat. Henry, at his Seat : 

Dear Sir: 

Being greviously Oppre'd with the situation of this place, by 
onlawfull proceedings of the Civil and Military Officers, I make free in 
presenting a fiew hints of their conduct before your Excellency (altho' a 
stranger), such as that the State's Etemy-Gen., Col. Mooter, with Mr. 
Wallis, two of the Supreme Judges of the District, Hath from a letter 
you wrote. May '86, given from under Hand as their oppinion you had 
Diligated your all power and authority unto the officers, informing any 
expedition 2qg[ainst Indians, or pressing supplys for the Same, which hath 
made our superficial officers say that, if they did wrong, theoppres'd had 





1786. no redress, for their had already got in writeing the Judge's oppinion, 
December with the State's eterny for their conduct. And where could they go for 
^^ justice or Law, as their was no appeal to Richmond in that case? 

I was cal'd on a tower of fifty-five Days* Duty on the Waughbash 
expedition, with about a day's notice before they march' d. I ast from 
what authority I was order'd; they refused to give it, on which I refus'd 
to Obay. Sometime after the Officers se't a proclamation, if those who 
fail'd to go on the waughbash expedition should be acquited all fines if 
they would go on a shauney expedition. I disputed the Legallity of that, 
and would not go. However, they went to the shauney towns, one of 
which had (as I am inform' d) a counsel House, and the American coulours 
stuck on it. The Indian Cheif met our Army at the Dore with a bow, 
and pointed at the colours, saying he was a friend, and after shaking 
hands, some of the men kil'd and skelp'd him, and took his son prisoner, 
which they kil'd next Day (as I am told), and brought the colours and 
had them stuck on Fayette courthouse. * * :|c ♦ 

Sometime after this a Court Martial was held to try delinquents, and 
being called on for reason for his absence, &c , he was fined forty shillings 
for not obeying. Although the notice to him had been entirely too short 
for such a term of duty, adds : ** requested the favor of them to shew me 
what Law I was tried by, but c'd not obtain the favour, but was inform'd 
they had a shete of Law which had neither Date or State to it. I ast if it 
set no time for notice in it ; they s'd five Days ; but as it was deficient in 
that respect they would not abide by it. As I am a poor fellow, and De- 
pending for my living, shall forbear signing my name, knowing my insuf- 
ficiency, for fear I should be contem'd by others for attempting to write 
to you. At the same time I beleave, yea, I am sure you may, on inquiring 
strictly in the matter, find the substance of this letter to be truth." 

I am your most Ob't Serv't. 

N. B. — * A number of Dishes, plates, &c., &c., prest and shot away 
instead of Lead, and on the two expeditions not less than (from the best 
accounts) four hundred bullocks. Besides a number of pack Horses, and 
many other articles, as some say to the amount of ;^30,ooo for naught. 

Yours, &c, &c 





Digtrict of 


B. Patterson to Gov. Henry. 

He had been notified by a certain Edward Payne and others to attend 
at the taking of Depositions respecting his conduct as an officer. He 
accordingly attented and found several Magistrates taking depositions 
against Col. Levi Todd, as well as himself. As soon as he found he should 
not be allowed to cross-examine the witnesses he retired without cere- 
mony. He does not know what the exact purport of these depositions is, 
but supposes they have reference to his acts in the late campaign against 
the Shawanese. This being so, he should place a state of the facts before 

♦ These were doubtless pewter. 


his Excellency, viz: ** The various and inhuman cruelties which was almost 1786. 
daley perpetrated on the people of this district, and which are not un- I>ecember 
known to your Excellency, stimulated the inhabitants to take up arms in ^th 
their own defence. This was judged impracticable to do, to purpose aney 
other than by carrying an armed force into their Country and then making 
reprisals, diminishing their numbers, and striking a terror into those re- 
maining. Your Excellency's letters to the County Lieutenants, and the 
opinions of the judges, Att'y-General on the Militia Law, they thought 
authorized such a proceeding. The kinds and quantities of supplies 
was agreed upon, and each Capt. instructed to furnish his own quoto of 
men and their suplies, by impressment or otherwise. This was executed. 
Colo. Levi Todd took command of the troops of this county under 
Genl Clark, who commanded the whole. After their crossing the Ohio, 
Colo. Logan was ordered to return and march against the Shawnes, in 
consequence of which Colo. Logan ordered me to furnish salt and flower 
for one thousand men twenty dayes. The quantity alreadye furnbhed for 
Colo. Todd*s detachment had made these articles scarce, and it was only 
in the hands of a few men who ware to be found, and the or at lease some 
of them, appeared inimical to the measures adopted, which seemed to 
render impressment absolutely nessery or threatin a frustration of the 
whole plans. Under these ciraimstances, the quartermaster impressed 
three boushells of salt, the property of Messrs. Payne & Lewis, two of 
which were given up, but the other detained, altho' I intreated him with 
as much modesty as the necessity of the case would admit On his abso- 
ludy refusal, I, considering the salt as publick property, ordered a gard to 
breake open the door. He, in a minacing maner, and with a presented 
pistol, stoped them. I then broke open the door, and ordered him under a 
gard for an insult. The comand of the troops from this county devolved 
upon me. Under Colo. Logan we immediately marched. The servis we 
rendered our country your Excellency is well acquainted with. Since 
my return the have commenced different suits against me in the suppreme 
court for this transaction, and not contented with the satisfaction they 
hope for from their proceedings, they are now (I suspect) endeavoring to 
traduce me to your Excellency, either in my civill or militery capacity, or 
perhaps both. The testimony taken in the manner mentioned above will 
not, I hope, have any weight with your Excellency, as they did not admit 
of a defence, and as the deponents were most of them, if n6t all, persons 
who were disaffected to the whole proceeding, being at ease and in safety 
in the thickest setdement, and so tenacious of their own intrust, and seem- 
ingly insensable to the distresses of their fellow-citizens on the frontiers as 
to make them unwiling to contribute eanye thing necessery defence of 
the country or render personal servises, tho' legaly and regularly called 
uppon. I trust, therefore, that your Excellency will set a side such in- 
adequate and partial evidence untill the mater shall appeare in a true 
light in such a maner as your Excellency shall apoint or the law direct* 
I am your Excellency's most H'ble serv't, Ac, &c 


tf^. Lxwt Todd to Got. Hdekt. 

r>*/'^»m}-/<».r Sir.c« the rttarti <A tEe army otoib the S bjwucae Countrj he had not 


.. ^^'^ h^airrl h//v that oatkA vas (&pGaecL A man had bcca latieiy kiHed in 

^J^^'*^' '''^ fefson OxiAty, This looked as if the Indiaxm sneant to prosecute hostili- 
^ tie» with i^i^or. The wacem Indians secas tnrliiifd to peace;. He thinks 
a prudent (Ahcer, with a few troops at Post Vincent, woidd have it in his 
power to keep the Wabash Incfians peaceable. Thinks the garrison at 
the Falls of the Ohio will never answer any valuable purpose: unless some 
chanj^e be made in the bte militia Law, nochii^ efiec^ual win ever be done 
\jf thin Distrsct against oar Enemies. 

He has reason to think comfJasnt would soon be made against him and 
other Field officers of that Qmnty, but he flatters himsdf that his Elxcel- 
lency will make due enquiry into the character of the complainants, the 
causes that induced the officers to take steps complained of, and their con- 
duct at a time when extraordinary exertions were required. He adds : 
" I hope G>lo. Logan, Colo. Crockett, Col. Rob't Todd, and John Fow- 
ler, Es<)'r., may be called on for Information on this subject The opinion 
of the Judges of the Supreme District Court and the Attorney-General, 
a copy of which I enclose, given at the Request of the Field officers when 
ainvcned by order of the Executive bofore we plan'd an Expedition, was 
deemed by us a Rule sufficiently warrantable for oiu* conduct in procuring 

I have the honor to be, &c, &c. 

P. S. — The officers of this District find the procuring Lead from the 

mines no great as to render it almost impracticable until the Law is 

Hnicndcd, or Momc mode particularly pointed out, by which means such 

services as this may be performed. 

L. T. 

The action of the officers and copy of the opinion referred to above. 

Thb Fikld Officers for the District of Kentucky 

lluving cotwcneil agreeable to the order of Council of May 15th, 1786, 
have ttH|Ucstod the opinion of the Judges and Attorney-General for the 
said District on the following questions : 

Whrlhcr the |>owcr of the Executive vested in them by the Act of As- 
srml4v» iiuitlci) "An act to .imcnd and reduce into one act the several 
t Aw^ tor iTgulating ami liisctplining the militia and guarding against Id • 
vnsimw And liMurreclions,** and also under the Sixth Artideof the Con- 


are dd^^atied to the Field officers under such delegation, have a 17^. 
power to Impress siqjplies for the use of the militia that may be ordered December 
out in Consequence of the said Order of Coundl. "^ 

Signed, BENJ. LOGAN. 

We are of opinion diat the Executive have dd^ated all their power 
under the said Law and Article of Confederation so ^r as they relate to 
Invasions, Insurrections, and Impressments, to the Field officers of that 
District, and that the officers, in consequence thereof, have a right to Im> 
press, if necessary, all supplies for the use of the militia that may be 
called into service by thdr order or orders, under the said order of Council- 


Ed. Carrington (Delegate to Congress) to Governor Edmund December 

Randolph. ^*^ 


Your Ejccdlende's £ivors of the loth and xSth ult. I have been New Yoric 
honored with ibr O^o. Crockett I will endeavour to obtain whatever 
may appear to be due to him. 

Be pleased, Sir, to accept my ^neere congratulations upon your appoint- 
ment to the Government of Vii^*a. You have sacrificed much, in point 
of Interest, to accept it, and it may happen that your administration will 
not glide on without meeting opportunities for the full display of your 
military as well as political talents and influence in the supreme command. 
//aw far the contagion of the * Eastern disorders will spread^ it may not 
be proper to conjecture from the present quiet state of the other parts of 
the Empire^ as from the experience of husnan nature €md the constitutions 
of our Governments, Man is impatient of restraint^ nor will he conform 
to whcU is necessary to the good order of Society^ unless he is perfect in 
discernment and virtue^ or the Government under which he lives is ejffi* 
dent. The Fathers of the American Fabric seem to have supposed the 
first of these principles peculiarly our lot^ and have chosen it for a foun^ 
dation, /n the progress of experiment the fallacy is discovered^ and the 
whole pile must fall if the latter cannot be supplied. 

The spirit of insurgency in Massachusetts hc^ proceeded to a stage 
which renders the subversion of that Government an event too probable. 
The malcontents have assumed a deliberate and systematic conduct^ and 

* Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts, the troubles in Vermont, Connecticut, 
Rhode Island, and lately in New Hampshire, growing out of the resistance of the 
people to State levies to meet the payment of interest on their public debts and 
that of the United States. The great impoverishment of the County consequent 
upon the war of the revolution, — the real cause. 


1786. every day gave confidence and numbers. The inefficiency of Government 
December has been fell by Us friends as well as enemies, and many are falling in 
with the measures of the insurgents, who at first showed a readiness, and 
actually turned out to oppose them. A personal exertion of the Governor, 
such as was made by Sullivan in N. Hampshire, might perhaps in the 
infancy of the business have been equally successful in Masstuhusetts, 
There has^ however, been a kind of lassitude and indecision destructive of 
the confidence and zeal of all the members of the State, except those 
of property. These will lose all in the event of a subversion of the 
Government, and itnll doubtless make an effort to preserve it, 

* The Les^islature have, during their late session, brought forward sun- 
dry experiments for suppressing the spirit of insurgency ; Acts for bringing 
into operation force, for alleviating some and removing others of the 
grievances complained of; and under that orie of indemnity, without 
an exception, provided advantage is taken of it by oaths of alliance by 
a certain day, have passed. Amongst the first description is one for sus- 
pending the rights of the act of habeas corpus, and this seems alone to have 
attracted the notice of .the malcontents. They have added it to their list 
of grievances ; have proceeded to appoint military officers for a large body 
of men, and continue to suppress the sitting of the Courts ; and these 
things are effected not in a tumultuous, but regular manner. Mr. Shays, 
their leader, orders them into motion whenever a court is about to sit, and 
this proves sufficient to procure an adjournment sine die. Hitherto their 
measures have operated only in the infected counties, but they have now 
set about to extend their powers into the neighborhood of Boston, where 
no symptoms of the malady have been discovered, Upon the approach of 
the session of the Court at Cambridge last Tuesday ser night, it was 
understood that a large body of the insurgents would march there to sup- 
press it. Government accordingly took arrangements for its protection, 
and troops were actually advanced to receive the Enemy, of whom about 
180 had assembled at some miles distance from Cambridge, but conceiving 
their numbers not sufficient for the enterprise they retired. The last ac- 
counts are that the Court was proceeding without interruption, and that 
a troop of Horse had gone forwards with orders to take as many of the 
insurgents as they could come up with in arms. From the langour o^ 
Government upon every former occasion, there is but littie reason to sup- 
pose the pursuit was pushed to any effect, and therefore it may lead to 
nothing of consequence, but it is thought by those best acquainted with 
the state of things there that not a drop of blood can be spilt, nor captive 
taken without the immediate consequence of civil war. Had die insur- 
gents been in sufficient force to attempt the execution of their designs at 
Cambridge, Government would have had no alternative but to open the 
dreadful scene, or yield the compleat domination of the State to them, 
and a conflict terminating in their &vour would probably have been at- 
tended with the same consequence. 

* Legislature of Massachusetts. 



This business began in County Conventions forming long lists of griev- 1786. 
ances, the most trifling and unmeaning that can be conceived ; nor was there December 
even an agreement in the complaints of any two counties, all, however, 
agreed in the remedies. These were a suppression of the Courts and an 
emission of paper money subject to a depreciation, and made a tender 
equal to gold and silver in all cases whatever. Many of the malcontents 
have now, however, thrown off this flimsy veil, and openly declare for an 
abolition of debts, public and private, and a distribution of property. In 
justification of the latter object, they say that 4/0, the act of opposing the 
british Government the whole property of the people was forfeited, and 
ought, in the success of the revolution, to be considered as a 'common 

It is said that a british influence is operating in this mischievous affair. 
In the progress of the thing this has happened, but it certainly originatd 
in the genuine baseness of the people. It as an undoubted truth that com- 
munications are held by Lord Dorchester with both the Vermonters and 
the insurgents of Massachusetts, and that a direct offer has been made to 
the latter of the protection and Government of great Britain, which they 
at present decline to accept, but hold in Petto, as a last resort, in case 
future events may place them in desperate circumstances. They also de- 
clare that it is not their intention to touch the continental magazine, which 
is situated at Springfield, in the midst of their Country, unless driven to it 
to save their lives ; they will, however, think the time arrived for this step 
upon the happening of any conflict ; nor is there a prospect of an adequate 
protection from any quarter. Here is felt the imbecility, the futility, the 
nothingness of the federal powers. The U. S. have no troops, nor dare 
they call into action what is called the only safe-guard of a free government* 
the militia of the state, it being composed of the very objects of the force ; 
neither can reliance be placed upon that of the neighboring states. N. Hamp- 
shire has already shown her kindred to the revolters ; Connecticut is not 
free from the infection, and the Legislative Acts of Rhode Island have 
discovered that an opposition to them can be expected from no order of 
people there. 

These circumstances have alike forbid the attempt to remove the mag- 
azine at an earlier period, as they now do, that of protecting it Any 
step to this purpose would have hastened the measures of the malcon- 
tents ; they were compleady the masters of the surrounding country, and 
that they would not permit the execution of the business was certain ; the 
attempt, therefore, must have been followed by the double consequence 
of cutting off all possibility of accommodation in the State, and blending 
the union with her in a civil war. It was thought by Congress most pol- 
itic to leave the stores to the mercy of events ; to impress the insurgents 
with the distinction between continental and State property, and an idea 
that the United States had confidence in their fidelity and attachment to 
the Interest and government of the Union. Thus have Congress been 
compelled to substitute a passive policy for that exercise of power which 


17K woiikl ensure stability and oooseqneooe to the federal as wdl as State 


Upoo the meeting of the Legislatore oflilassadinsetls a verbal applica- 
tion was made by her delegates in Congress for the federal aid. This 
being the only practicable mode. A c ci ost i t u tional one most have come 
from the Legislature and could not have been obtained with the essential 
ferms and authorities, without becoming a subyect of public knowledge, 
and spurring the insurgents to immediate hostilities. Congress felt their 
embairassments upon the^>ccasion. The mode of i^iplication was not a 
proper one. This difficulty was, however, reconciled upon the doctrine of 
necessity ; but the inability of the federal government to do an3rthing ef- 
fectual, and upon this oonaderation the impolicy of provoking the hostile 
dispositions of the insui^ents against the Union, from which the least in- 
convenience that could be calculated on was their resort to the British 
standard* necessarily came into view. Upon the whole, it was thought 
best to take only a preparatory step, to be in readiness for whatever pru- 
dence and necessity might require in future. The Resdves of the 20th 
of October were the result of this determination. The western troubles 
are prefixed as the cause ; nor were they entirely out of view ; but those 
of Massadiusetts immediately operated. The views of the insurgents are 
indeed so unworthy that the honor of the Union is interested. The vir- 
tuous part of a State ought to meet, in the federal aid — a sheild against 
the neferious designs of a licoitious Banditti, when the evil has become 
too extensive for thdr own controul. 

What further events will arise out of this unfortunate business may be 
unfolded in its progress. My conjectures are. that should any act of vio- 
lence shortly happen, a dvil war must be inevitable ; and to accident we 
must trust for the consequences ; but despondency is not a common at- 
tendant of mine, and therefore I look forward to one possible ground of 
accommodation. Could a pause take place for awhile, so as to admit the 
exercise of reason and reflection, so enlightened a people must have 
enough of both to behold in a proper light the baseness of the present 
pursuit The means of a decent retreat may be sought for, and this may 
certainly be fotmd in a compromise at the next election. A change of 
men in the Government would bring about a thorough investigation and 
correction of public measures. Real greivances may be mended, pre- 
tended ones will not be urged. It is said that there are causes of uneasi- 
ness, but although these may have been the first principles of action, they 
have ceased to operate. Could the minds of the people be once brought 
back all might yet go well. 

This instance, terminate however it may, will doubtless teach the neces- 
sity of efficiency in government, and perhaps it would be best placed in 
the federal head. Indeed if this cannot be got in the present form, some 
other ought immediately to be devised. A change of choice will proba- 
bly be one of wisdom. If it is left to accident we cannot account for the 



Thmi grcMt BrttMsm wiS he im rea£mcss ii* imtf^^Ttt «irr mdzmmii^ 
tckick mr iermMgcmexU mutr prcsnU fi>r rc£Miim£ irr lasi dimmitmSs I 
ve art nei io dambt All her mpfmutmrKt ifi htr Cuifmits^ du mr^i/ «x 
Missums imiff these Stmfes^ are cmlculaiei it tkis ifhieU, Lfiri DerfhesitT 
is knavn tt be peitdrmUKg aaui frndzruius. msul the f»eif4e art im the hsHf 
of tkinkit^ fmxfcmrmhif if himu A Mr. Smiths /trmerh if this eitr^ is 
sent trith his Lordship im the ch^trmeier of Chep' JusOee. He is m HMit ef 
taiemts^ well mequMimied Trith cmr msfmral iewtpers mmd ifisfi^sitioms^ ^md 
quitted the cmmiry im the fiwim persmmsiim thsi e7<mis Uke tkese whieh HMr 

prevail Tpould lead to m resmiam of us iriih G. B . Mr. TetrnfUe hms 

been here far stnmetimu im, the mfifioimtmiemf of Omsml GemermL A jUK 
Band, fanmerfy of Phil'm, h^s Imtelj arrived as Consul far the Jlfiddk 
States, and it is said others are to be sent for the Eastern and Southern^ 
and thus the scheme of camemuadcaiian vill be comtpleaL It is the practice 
of nations to admit consuls £rom all with whom they ha\*e any commenoe, 
but I do not conceive there can be a right of admission unless there is an 
existing commertul treaty. 

Mr. T. was recognized before my time in Congress, and am unac- 
quainted with the principles upon whidi he was recdved. Mr. Bond has 
arrived since the adjournment, and his reception remains to be contem* 
plated. I trust that I shall never harbour unreasonable jealousies^ but 
when we know that an insidious foe is vested with the garb of peace and 
friendship, it behooves us to be vigilant, especially when we are vulner* 
able in so many ways. 

The cammunicatians contained in this letter I conceive it my duly to 
make your Excellency, it being proper thai you be fully informed upon so 
important a subject. I have endeavoured to found them upon the best in/or* 
mation, and can pledge myself for the authenticity of them. Haw far it 
may be proper to suffer them to become public, Ileatr to your aum judg-^ 
ment. It may be well to communicate them confidentially to some of the 
members of the Legislature. It would, however, be a breach of the in* 
junction of secrecy and impolitic to commit to public view the part that 
Congress is acting in the business. 

My honourable Colleague, Mr. Grayson, is much indisposed, and has 
been so for sometime. I wish to see some of the new Members come 
fo'ward. There has not yet been a sufficiency of States to form a Con- 
gress, nor do I see a prospect that there will shortly be one. 
I have the Honor to be. 

With the highest respect, 

Your Excellende's most Ob*t Serv*t, &c., &c. 

The Treasurer 


Authorized to issue to the Order of the Executive such a sum of money General 
out of the Fund appropriated to the Marine Hospital as may be necessary Assembly 
to remove the arms lately arrived from France to the Point of Fork. 

'^w-^ _r:J»AV»3 

e%Ut^UL ^ .^^ixas^ux. m: m V ZSiKi^ 



HiiUT*" ^fsnvcjsi 27 

^HK ItJ ril^Pftfj. 

Aiinii* IT ± 

Im:^^ yS. ^7^. 

DaTID R/3£^ 

fipft^ /a fif^r !Sf ja/r a To0 of Bar Lead, 

Foct QgTHT thai be had pur- 
requescs him to deliTer the 

hutK^tUf tf^hw^h f'AVtfie, Thos. Lewis, Eli Cleveland, Rob't Johnson, John 

"''' (iHAih, Kl/JH'n VOUNG, AND HeN&Y PaVNE TO GoV. HeNRY. 


t*i*»lih 1 1#^ fiftmit lirnft In the month of August there was a general meeting of 

Miliii |iy, jjjij ,,ffiri:rn of this Dwtrict, at which meeting they agreed to carry on a 
***' *' iHlh\hi\iin iiKiiinu! the Wabash Indians, under the pretence that it was or- 
i|i:i i:(t liy iUts ( iovftrnor and Council. They Drafted one-half the militia 
Hint iMi|irfibl jinivihionh, pack-Horses, and other things necessary for the 
iui:ii lhi:n onlermi out. Colo. Levi Todd, the Commanding officer of this 
i ''ly', who look i\\v command of the men to march from Fayette, ordered 
oiin ot hib ciipuiiiu, who made complaint to him that his men refused to 
go. to lit! iht^iu itnil brin^ them by force; that he had acted arbitrary and 
WituKI ( oiuiiuu? to do HO ihu'in); the present campaign, and several other 
\uiliiwlul actn w«>iv cikiiunitted by his orders. 


Some dme after another campaign was ordered against the Shawnee In- 1786. 
dians, under pretence of the same authority. Colo. Rob't Patterson took December 
command of the men to march from this County. He gave orders to ''*" 
Capt. Terry to impress salt, who apply'd to Mr. Edw'd Payne, who had 
salt in his store, who let him have more salt than he had orders to take, 
but in order to show his authority, the s'd Patterson took a guard of men 
with him the next day, arm'd, and broke open the store door to get more 
salt, impressing the store from top to bottom and all that was in it, order- 
ing Mr. Payne's son, who kept the store, under guard and took him away, 
not even allowing him the liberty of securing the door, and no person pres- 
ent to take charge of it, having a considerable quantity of goods in it of 
various kinds t^ the amount of more than fifteen hundred pounds, the 
door being left in this situation from teusday until the Saturday following, 
and many other unlawful proceedings, such as taking men by force, tying 
them to Horses, draging them on the ground, and takeing Horses and 
Beeves without the owner's knowledge. 

We, therefore, consider ourselves and our fellow-citizens much opprest 
by such arbitrary proceedings. We, therefore, hope you will take the 
matter under your serious consideration. We would refer you to the in- 
dos'd depositions for further proof, but should it be thought necessary to 
make further inquiry, hope you will appomt Gentlemen that are no ways 
interested ; for should a Court be composed of the officers of this District, 
we should have no hopes that Justice wou'd be had, as they are all Gene- 
rally in the same predicament with those complained of. The conse- 
quence of such proceedings are that the people are in great confusion and 
a number of suits commenced, and threats by Patterson against publick 
authority should any Damages be recovered against him for his conduct, 
to defend it by building a block-house in order to defend his property. We 
therefore pray that the said Todd and Patterson may be cashier'd, as we 
conceive they are dangerous men to government — that they are the prin- 
cipal persons that have been the cause of so many unlawful acts, in this 
county in particular. 

We are. Sir, your most ob't Humble Serv'ts, &c., &c, &c., &c. 

David Ross to , December 


In regard to his claim against ** the Public," as adjusted in June, 17S6, by Arrowiield 
MeavB. Carrii^^ton & Logwood, in which certain allowances for ground 
rent, wood for coal, woods, pasturage and ground injured by brick-mak- 
ing, at the Point of Fork, had been allowed him. He has been informed 
the entire daim had been reduced to ^^150, and begs it be reconsidered, 
in as modi as he cannot " be bound nor required to yeild to a decision " 
upon his property upon any other than fair and just prindfdes. To these 
he wiD diecriiilly submit. 





The Two Houses of the Legislature 

December Request by joint Resolution that the Executive lay their Journal and pro- 
''^" ceedings before the General Assembly. 

1 2 th 

Extracted from a Letter 
From a gentleman in Kentucky from his Friend in Philadelphia : 

Philadelphia Clarke is playing Hell. He is raising a Regiment of his own, and has 
140 men stationed at Opost, already now under the comipand of Dalton. 
Seized on a Spanish Boat with 20,000 Dollars, or rather seized three 
stores at Opost worth this sum, and the Boat which brought them up. J. 
R. Jones, Commissary General, gets a large share of the plunder, and has 
his family at Opost. Piatt comes in for snacks. He brought the baggage 
and a thousand pounds of small furs to the Falls the day I left it. Plun- 
der all. means to go to Congress to get the Regiment put upon 

the establishment. He is the 3d Captain. The Furs, he tells his asso- 
ciates, are necessary to bear his expences ; but he don't return. I laid a 
plan to get the whole seized and secured for the owners, and Bullett and 
Anderson will execute it. Clarke is eternally drunk, and yet full of de- 
sign. I told him he would be hanged. He laughed and said he could 
take refuge among the Indians. A stroke is meditated against St. Louis 
and the Natchez. 





Benjamin Logan, County Lieut, to Gov. Edmund Randolph. 

May it Please Your Excellency: 

I have had the opertunity to be in company with General Clarck since 
his return from the Expedition on the north west side of the Ohio River. 
He informs me he has agreed with the chei& of the western tribes that 
Hostilities should cease untill the first day of April next, at which time 
he had apointed to hold a treaty with the Nations at the Opost, and that 
he had order*d an Officer to Recruit two hundred and fifty men, which 
orders was nearly comply'd with. Those men were to keep possession 
of an American garison at that place, and to keep the Indians in teror 
untill a treaty. These Proceedings, I think, was Wise and Prudent He 
also made Aplication to me, as the Eldest Officer in the District of Ken- 
tuckey, to call a Board of Feild Officers, in order to procure provitions 
for the Troops on the North west side of Ohio. I, Aledging myself not 
Possest of any such Power, I declined that Business, but thinks my duty 
to lay this subject before Your Excellency, hoping you and Counsd will 
do what you think in your Wisdom is best. 

I have the Honour to be your Excellency's 

Obed. and H'ble Serv't, &c., &c. 


To His Excellency, Edmund Randolph, Esq., Governor of the 1786. 

Commonwealth of Virginia. 

The Petition of the Subscribers, Justices of the Peace for the county of December 
Princess Anne, Humbly Shew, That Argyle, a negro slave belonging to ^4th 
Samuel Moseley, of the said County, was lately, at a court of Oyer and Kempsville 
Terminer, Tried and condemned to be Hanged for Robbing a Pedlar by 
the name of Calamico Dominico, of Thirty Shillings and sundry goods 
and chattels. And as the said slave is young, Pentitent, and valuable to 
his said Master, and was never before Tried or Whipped for any Publick 
Offence, Your Petitioners, who sat on the Trial, Therefore Humbly re- 
commend him as an Object of Mercy, and pray unto your Excellency to 

grant him a Pardon. 





Chas. Yarbrough to Gov'r Randolph. December 


Having seen by an advertisement in the public papers that the place of 
Commissary of Military Stores at the Point of Fork was vacant, he be- 
comes a candidate for that position. 

Elias Langham, Citizen of Frederick Co., to Gov. Randolph, December 

Applying for the post of Commissary of Military Stores at the Point of Richmond 
Fork, giving testimonials, &c. He joined the Army as a private early in 
1777, and from his gallant conduct was promoted by Gen'l Green to a 
Commission in the Artillery Reg't commanded by Colo. Harrison. 

The General Assembly by Resolution December 

Request the Executive to lay before them the Instructions sent to the dis- 
trict of Kentucky respecting the late expeditions against the Indians, and 
the returns they may have received from the officers commanding. 

Memoranda.— On the 4th day of October, 1779, Colonel David Rogers' December 

P^rty was defeated on the Ohio River between the mouth of Licking ^^^" 

Creek and the Little Miami, and himself Killed or Wounded, so that he 

died, as he never got to our Setdements, nor was he among the Prisoners 






Major Rogers 

December Was killed on the 4th October, 1779. He had with him two Batteaux 
^^^ loaded with Cloths, some Medicines, &c., the property of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia, one of which was lost. 


At a General Court held, &c., 

Richmond Certain criminals, having been tried respectively, were sentenced to be 
punished as follows: Two from Parish of Russell, in Bedford and Frank- 
lin Counties, three years in the Penitentiary for Horse-stealing; three 
from the Parish of Suffolk, .in the Co. of Nansemond, to be executed for 
murder ; and one from Parish of St. James, in County of Mecklenburg, 
to be hanged for Burglary. 

From Russell Parish, Franklin Co., another for horse-stealing, but 
whose sentence had been commuted from death to hard labour, but who 
had escaped, and was subsequendy captured — ^by a Jury, was ordered to 
be hanged, &c. 

From the Parish of Elizabeth River, in Norfolk County, several for 
felony were " severally burnt in the hand by the Jailer in presence of the 
Court, and afterwards remanded to prison, there to remain one year. 



Benj. Logan, Co. Lieut., to Gov'r Ed. Randolph. 

May it Please Your Excellency: 

You will find by the Inclos'd Papers that on Sept. 14th, 1786, I received 
orders to collect a sufficient number of men in the District of Kentucky 
to march against the Shawnee's Towns. Agreeable to s'd orders I col- 
lected 790 men, and on the 6th of October I attact'd the above-mentioned 
Towns, killed ten of the cheifs of that nation, captur'd thirty-two Pri- 
soners, Burnt upwards of two Hundred Dwelling houses, and supos'd to 
have Burnt fifteen Thousand Busheb of Corn, took some Horses and Cat- 
de, kiird a number of Hoggs, and took near one Thousand Pounds value 
of Indian furniture, and the quandty of furniture we Burnt I cannot Ac- 
count for it The militia that was under my Command was not above 
Twenty-seven da)rs on duty, and I think one-half of them was not Twenty 
days on duty. Nearly five Hundred of those men Rode their own Horses 
and carried their own provitions, and from my orders were not entided to 
have any interest in the service of a Public Horse. The Expedition was 
carried on in a Rapped manner, and I would Venture to say the Expences 
will be found to be very moderate. 

I have the Honour to be your Excellency's 

Obe't, Hu'ble Serv't, &c., &c. 
Papers referred to above. 


Camp near Clarksville, Sept. 13th, 1786. 1786. 

The Feild officers appointed to Command the militia from the different December 
Counties in the District, on the Expedition lately planned in Consequence ^7th 
of Instructions from the Executive, being Convened in Council by the 
General, came to the following resolutions, to- wit : That we conceive the 
number of men is too small to execute the plans originally Intended, but 
at the same time recommend that the army be marched under the direc- 
tion of the General ; That a field officer from each County return and pro- 
cure all the Delinquents and Deserters within his County, and one-half of the 
Militia not before drafted, and have them at rendezvous, at Clarksville, on 
the 28th Inst., with twenty days' Provisions, and procure, by Impressment 
or otherwise, every necessary supply and Equipment, and that they, after 
the Rendezvous, proceed as quick as may be to Opost. 

That the officers who return, as well as those who may be left behind, 
consider themselves engaged in a common cause, and give every aid to 
each other, without as well as within their respective Counties, to carry 
into execution the Intent of these resolves. 


That Col. Ben. Logan, Col. Levi Todd, Col. Cox, Col. Smith, Col. 
Kennedy, Col. Pope, Major Lewis be appointed to return to execute the 
present plan. 

Clarksville, 14th September, 1786. 

In consequence of a Council held in camp yesterday, You are to 
return with an officer from each county of the District of Kentucky to 
execute the orders of the said Council, which I hope will be put in force, 
as ^ as relates to the men and provisions, but instead of returning to 
this place take the most convenient Rout and attack the Shawonies, if you 
find you have a sufficient force, as they have violated the Treaty with the 
United States held at Miami. Their attention is on me at present, and it 
may perhaps be in your power to do your country great and essential 

I am, Sir, Y'rs, &c, 

Col. Benj. Logan, 

Or to the eldest officer in the District. 


1786. Major de Klauicam to Gov. Ed. Randolph, 

December Asking to be appointed Comanasarf of Military Stores at Point of Fork, 

'^^ having acted in that capacity as socoeasor to *CoL de la Loyante in the 

year 1778. He had filled the office-nntil 1779, when it was adx>lished by 

the Genl Assembly, and he assigned to the management of the Board of 


jgil, Edm'd Pendleton to Gov. Edm'd Randolph. 

Edmunds- Introducing and recommendii^ hb fiiend and neighbor, Mr. Wm. Faunt- 
^^^ leroy Gray, for the place of Commissary of Military Stores at Point of 

December Gov. Ed. Randolph to the Hon'ble the Speaker of the House 
'^ OF Delegates. 


In Council In pursuance of a late resolution of the general assembly I do my- 

self the honor of enclosing all the returns and letters concerning the In- 
dian Expedition except the advice of Council, which now lies before your 
house in the journals, and is to be found by consulting the index. 

December Rich'd Trenell, Jos. Crockett, John Jouitt, And. Hvnes and 
^^ John Fowler, to Gov. Randolph, 

Expressing great concern in regard to the danger of transporting the 
Stores intended for the District of Kentucky, whereby the Laudable in- 
tention of the Legislature may be fiiistrated. They recommend a part 
of the public stores on hand be carried to Fort Pitt or Redstone ; from 
thence down the Ohio with the spring floods. By this measure being 
adopted, they may be received in the District before the Savages take the 
field. If the delay of purchasing them be allowed, the time will not suf- 
fice for transporting them. If they are sent thro' the wilderness the 
Chicamauga and Cherokee tribes of Indians will have information, and will 
give them an opportunity to waylay the road and intercept the same. 

« ♦:|c:|c:|c***3|c« 

Should these stores miscarrie in either of the routs pointed out, the loss 
will, we fear, endanger the Destruction of a considerable part of the West- 

*This was the officer who brought to Virg*a the long, bronze thirty-two pounder 
guns, six of which were to be seen in the Armory Grounds at Richmond Just be- 
fore the late war of the sections, and two of which are now at the Military Insti- 
tute at Lexington, Va. Originally there were eleven, and there is reason to be- 
lieve several now lie at the bottom of the Pamunky River, near Hanover Town. 


em Country. The lead, we think, might be sent thro' the wilderness, and 1786. 
the balance of the stores immediately to the Monongohalia. If this Plan I>ecember 
is adopted, we wish that the Law Books and all other Public Papers be '^^" 
packed up and sent with that part of the stores which will be moved from 
this place to the Ohio. 

Capt. Wm. Price, Clerk at the Point of Fork, December 

' 19th 

Applies to the Executive for the position of Commissary of Military 
Stores at that post — is strongly recommended by Capt. Jno. Peyton, Robt. 
Lewis and others— entered the a' my in 1778, and served through the 
war — had been in the public service ever since the conclusion of the war. 

Leonard Cooper to Gov. Randolph. December 


His necessitous condition is his apology for the liberty he takes in ad- Richmond 
dressing the Governor. He is constrained to become a candidate for the 
place of Commissary of Mill Stores at Point of Fork, then vacant. He 
had been advised to make this application by friends who appreciated the 
peculiarities of his situation, and adds : " I make no doubt you have been 
informed of the great disadvantage I labour under on acc't of the Loss of 
my Leg, which I unfortunately lost in a Dispute with a brother officer, 
and the nature of which Excludes me from the usual pension allowed to 
Other Invalid Officers and Soldiers Belonging to this State,'* &c. 

Memorial of Col. Danl. Duval, December 

• 20th 

Applying for the vacant post of Commissary of Mil. Stores at Point of 
Fork, and giving narrative of his services as follows: " Being early im- 
pressed with the merit and justice of our cause, I became a volunteer 
under Patrick Henry, Esquire, when the conduct of Lord Dunmore made 
it necessary to have recourse to arms in the year 1775 ; after which, I 
enlisted the same year in the minute Service under the command of my 
Brother, Wm. Duval, in which I remained till I was appointed by the 
Committee of Henrico, 1776, an Ensign in Capt John Pleasants' Com- 
pany of the 5th Virginia Regiment After marching and Couter-march- 
ing to Various parts of the State, a General Rendezvous took place at 
Norfolk, whilst we remained* there inactive. I turned out a volunteer, 
with a number of men, to act as Marines on Board the Rawleigh Priva- 
teer (Capt Cox). After cruising sometime in our Bay, upon my return 
to Norfolk, I met with some gendemen from Georgia, who had obtained 
permission to Raise troops in Virginia for the Defence of that State, 
which was threatened with immediate Destruction by the British in Flo- 


1786. rida and the Creek Indians on the Frontiers. Flndii^ that nothing had 
December been done by our Troops, who still remained inactive, I accepted an 

^^^^^ appointment in the Georgia Service, raised my Quota of men and marched 
into the State, where I remained until the last of 1777, when, finding 
everything easy and Peaceable, I resigned the command of the forts upon 
the frontiers, which I had been honoured with, and after which my Com- 
mission in that line, and accompanied Gen'l Mcintosh to the northward, 
when more buisy scenes were Daily to be met with. I was recommended 
to his Excellency, Gen*l Washington, for an appointment by Gen'l Mc- 
intosh and the Baron de Steuben, 1778. But as an Establishment or 
regulation of the army had just taken place, the Officers were justly so 
tenacious of their rank that they would not sufier any Individual to Super- 
cede them in Command, and there being at that time a redundancy of Offi- 
cers, I attached myself to the Baron de Steuben's £unily until I had an op- 
portunity of a command in the army, which happened after my supporting 
myself two or three years, in the character of an aid-de-camp, by the in- 
stitution of the Corps of Sappers and Miners, in which I was appointed 
to the command of a company after an examination of my mathematical 
knowledge by Gen'l Du Portail (Cheif Engineer). The <^cers of the 
corps were intended to be the future Engineers of the States. In the year 
1780 I obtained leave of absence to return to Virginia, where I arrived a 
few days before Arnold made his appearance in our Bay, and at the re- 
quest of his Excellency, Governor Jefferson, was induced to take com- 
mand of the Militia, as did many of the Regular Officers at that time, 
which occasioned my loss of commutation, for in consequence of my not 
returning to camp at the time Umited, I was superceded in my command. 
4: ♦ 4: * * « * 

I rec*d a Letter from Gen'l Du Portail, importing that unless I returned 
at a certain Day he should consider my absence a resignation, &c., which 
letter I did not receive untill the time fixed for my return had expired. 
****** It would be needless to 

trouble your Excellency by inserting the various &tigues and hardships 
I experienced during a winter campaign without Tents, and often the ne- 
cessaries of Life, ******* 
which had such an Effect upon my Constitution that my Life was despaired 
of more than once by my Physicians. Tho' exceedingly low, I was pres- 
ent during the seige of York, and performed my duties in the Lines. In 
addition to these military services he had lost three valuable horses in the 
campaign of 1781, and during the war almost his entire patrimony. He 
concludes by reminding the Governor that he is peculiarly fitted for the 
office for which he is applying, having performed the duties of an assistant 
ordnance officer with Genl Steuben for near three years. 



Resolution Passed 


Authorizing the Executive of Virginia to allow adequate compensation to December 
Paul Loyall, Thomas Brown, and Thomas Newton, as Conunissioners for ^^^^ 
the defence of Chesapeake Bay. 

Thomas Bowne to the Governor, 

Making application for the vacant post of ordnance officer at Point of 
Fork, and enclosing testimonials from David Jameson and Thomas Nel- 
son, J'n'r, that at the commencement of the war he was one of the fore- 
most volunteers, afterwards entered the ist Va. Regiment, was promoted 
to captaincy from his individual merit, having never been out of active 
service from the Banks of the North River to the unfortunate surrender 
of Charlestown. 




Sam'l Huntington, Gov. of Connecticut, to Gov. Ran- 
dolph, OF Virg'a. 

I am honored with your Excellency's letter of the first Instant, en- 
closing the act of your Legislature appointing Commissioners to assemble 
in Convention at Philadelphia in May next, for the purposes therein men- 
tioned, and shall embrace the earliest opportunity to lay these papers be- 
fore the Legislature of this State. 

With Sentiments of Esteem and Respect, 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's 

obedient, humble servant, &c., &c. 



Proclamation of Gov. Edm'd Randolph. 

Outlawing certain prisoners escaped, &c, in accordance with act of As- 
sembly of Oct, 1785, by which it is declared " It shall be lawful for any 
person to kill, or in any manner destroy, such oudaw (that is, a person 
outlawed as above) without being liable to any pain or penalty for so 


Wm. Grayson and Ed. Carrington, Delegates to Congress, to December 

Gov. Randolph. 



There being no Congress as yet, application cannot be made to i>jew York 
that body for the military stores wanted for the western country, nor is 




1786. there reason to suppose they would consent to fumbh them as the prop- 
December perty of the United States for any object under the direction of a particular 
^^^ State ; several applications of this kind have been made and uniformly 
refused. It is thought that any one instance of issuing the stores of the 
Union for a State purpose would introduce a practice destrucdve of that 
economy which is essential to the interests and safety of the whole. 

We are fully in sentiment with your Excellency that our western troubles 
demand, in their nature, the interposition of the arms of the Union, but 
Congress have been tried upon this point and have determined differently. 
It is probable the Secretary at war may be authorized to sell the supply 
your Excellency proposes to purchase, &c. 

We have the Honor to be, with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most obed't Serv'ts, &c, &c. 



Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of said County to the 


For the pardon of one Ephraim Andrews, condemned to death for Burg- 
lary, setting forth his youth, his services in the late war, his having lost 
three brothers in the war — he alone being left to support his aged parents — 
and urging as a^lditional reason that under the present Laws (authorizing 
a commutation of capital punishments for those crimes formerly esteemed 
capital) a great number of persons on equal or greater convictions have 
been either wholly discharged, or punished agreable to the mildness and 
moderation of the present scale of prevailing politics. 


W. FousHEE, J. Marshall and Rob't Boyd, 

Public jail At the request of the Executive, having examined into the mental capa- 
city and soundness of mind of one James Goss, report him as ignorant 
and stupid to a great degree, but is neither an Idiot or Insane, and is a 
competent judge of Right from Wrong. 




John Blair to the Governor of Virginia. 

I lately received by Mr. Attorney-General your Excellency's letter 
of the 6th current, communicating my appointment as a member of the 
Committee which is to meet at Philadelphia in May next for the purpose of 
revising the confederation; also inclosing the resolutions of the two 
houses of General Assembly for that purpose. 
The confidence with which I am thus honoured demands every return 



it may be in my power to make, and I will cheerfully undertake the duty 1786. 
thus confered upon me without yielding to any impediments but those of December 
the first magnitude. ^^ 

If any motive, after a nomination so flattering to me, could increase my 
willingness to act in the line assigned me, I beg leave to assure you, Sir, 
it would be the wish your Excellency is pleased to express that I would 
accept the appointment 

With the greatest respect 

I am your Excellency's most obed. Servant 

Estimate made by Col. Thos. Meriwether December 


Of the cost of transportation of arms from the Point of Fork, on James 
River, Fluvanna Co., Va., to Redstone, on the Monongahela River, when 
Mr. Jouett would take charge of them until delivered at the place of de- 
posite on Dick's River, viz : 

A Keeled boat, constructed to ascend the Kentucky River, and 
calculated to carry the arms, a guard of 12 men and provi- 
sions £ 30 

A guard of 12 men at ;^5 each, including their provisions J[^ 60 

His own expences while at Redstone, and a stock of Liquor for 

the Boat's crew 10 

£ 100 
The boat to be sold. 

Letter from Chas. Simms, Esq'r, to John Harvie, Esq'r, at December 

Richmond, 26th 

Postage prepaid and marked 5d. 8p., this being the charge at this date Alexandria 
between these two places. 

Thomas Hatcher to Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia. December 


Honour' d Sir: 

I saw at our last Court a letter directed to that Body to Goochland 

make all Enquiry on Oath respecting my Conduct and W. H. Miller's at county 

the preceeding Court I was insulted, and confess I did not (owing to 

that) behave with the Reverance I would wish to have done to a Court ; 

but. Sir, if my Representatives cannot sattisfy You and Council let me 

be dted to make my Defence, with time to do so. 

I am sorry to say I doubt there is a party who wishes to oust me out of 

their way; all I want is, if my Representatives cannot sattisfie You as to 

my conduct as a Justice, let me be cited to appear, and give me time. 

I am. Sir, Your ob't Serv't. 




Col. Benj. Logan to the Governor of Virginia. 

December fif^y ^ pUase your Excellency: 



From the Different Complaints made to myself on the late Expedition, 
which I had the Honour to command, on the Northwest side of die Ohio 
River, I begg the Liberty to lay before your Excellency the following 
complaint, which is: Colo. Hugh Magary complained that Colo. Robert 
Patterson and Colo. James Trotten had Impressed one Barrel of Rum at 
Limestone, when the Troops crossed the Ohio River, and by so doing and 
drinking part of the same and puting part of the remainder on public 
Horses, and having twenty Beeves shot down without orders from the 
Commanding officers, or making aplication for provisions to the Comme- 
sary, and he present, was the means of delaying the Army more than one 
day. He furder complained that Colo. Trotter gave his men Positive 
Orders to shoot down any man that kill'd an Indian after he was captur'd, 
and said orders was given in time of action and not known what might 
be the consequences of the ingagement. 

Colo. Robert Patterson and Colo. James Trotter complained Colo. 
Hugh Magary murder'd a Indian named Molanthy after he was captur'd, 
who was king of that nation. Both parties required a Court Martial on 
the differen. Ocations. I must beg leave to observe that I could, by no 
means, order Court martiels on these complaints, for reasons it apear^d to 
me, which was : the officers would have been too warm on each party and, 
perhaps, Jusiice might not been done. I therefore hope your Excellency 
will order a Court not concerned in these disputes. I hope you will please 
to give a answer on this ocation, &c. 

I have the Honnour to be your Excellensy's 

obed't and Humble Serv't, &c, &c 


Bond of R. Savers of Montgomery Co., 

John Trigg, of Bedford Co., and Joseph Crockett, of Kentucky, in the 
penalty of one thousand pounds specie, contracting to remove 400 lbs. 
Gun Powder from the City of Richmond, and 12,000 lbs. of Lead from 
Jas. McGavock's, at Fort Chiswell, in Montgomery Co., to John Ander- 
son's, at the block house, in Sullivan Co., in the State of N. Carolina, on 
or before the 20th day of February next 



Bond of George Rice and John Harvie, 1786. 

In the penalty of two thousand pounds specie, contracting to remove five December 
hundred stand of arms with bayonets affixed thereto from the Public Arsenal ^ 
at Point of Fork to Red Stone, Old Fort, on the Monongahela River, on 
or before the 15th day of March next, to be delivered to Mr. John 
Jouett, &c 

♦George Rogers Clark to Gov. Henry, of Va. December 

Sir : 

This will be handed you by Colo. Logan. He will inform you of 
the unfortunate affair Revotistion of the army. Various Reports, no 
doubt, hath spread Respecting this afiair, but. Sir, that the truth may ap- 
pear, you will pardon me in Recommending a Court of inquiry as 
soon as possible. Without something of this nature takes place, it will 
be in vain to attempt anything for the future. After the Retreat serious 
Reflections convinced me that the State of our affairs would be wors than 
ever, if something was not done. I had a number of troops Recruited 
for one year, fortified myself in St. Vincens, and in the course of four weaks 
brought the whole of the Ouabache Indians to my own terms. Blinding 
the cause of the Retreat and eaven making an advantage of it. The 
Grand Treaty would have been held this Fall if we had have known what 
articles to have agread to ; for the want of that knowledge from Con- 
gress it's put of untill the last of Apriel next, to be held at St. Vincent, 
and is thought by the best Judges That the greatest body of indians that 
ever appeared together in that Quarter Imbodied. Now what will 
be Done in this case it is Impossible for me to determine. If it id Prosi- 
cuted, there must be a support of men, money, and provitions. What the 
Different nations and my self have agread to, is to rest Quiet untill that 
time, when it is Expected that a final peace will take place. I should have 
sent you the whole Proceedings if they had come to hand, but being sent 
by water the Vessell hath not yet arived, of course put it out of my 
power. And as to the Shawoney business and other matters, I refer you 
to Colo. Logan for Information. 

I am, S*r, y'r Excellency's H*ble Serv't, &c., &c. 

* Bears impression, in wax, of his private seal (G. R. C). 



1786. May it Please Your Honor and the Honorable House of Delegates : 

December We, the Indians of the * Lingaskm Tribe, having always manifested an 

Northamp- attachment to the present Government, tho' at Times, on account of our 
ton county _ ,. , . 

Petition Indigency, have been prevented from presenting our homage as is re- 

of the quested. But still our attachment is and has been always the same, which 
Indians we hereby in the strongest manner affirm to be true, but we are exceed- 
ingly allarmed at some late proceedings of some of the Gentlemen of this 
County of Northampton, on being informed of their designing to petition 
your Honor and the Honorable House of Delegates for a Law to enforce 
us from abiding or cultivating any longer our native Land, where with the 
all providing omnipotent being of the Universe possessed us with. It 
must be remembered on Record that but a small pittance was allowed us 
of our wide-extended territories for our subsistence, and small as it is, we 
understand, by the application of some or one gentleman who claims it as 
his right, it is perhaps to be wrested from being possess'd by your allready 
much distressed and unhappy petitioners; but confiding in the Justice and 
equity of our claim, as well as the wisdom and candor of your Honor and 
the Honorable House of Delegates, very well knowing that the inherent 
Rights of mankind must be altered, altho* a Superior Power may usurp 
them, but still is and will be the same, unless alienated by the Possession. 
But we, the aforementioned Tribe of the Lingaskin, entirely relying on 
the well-known Justice and Humanity of your Honor and the Honorable 
House of Delegates, Humbly and submissive request that the petition of 
the Gentlemen who intend to deprive us of the inherent Right of posses- 
sion of our native Land may be rejected, and their desire not granted, 
and your Petitioners shall ever, as in duty bound, pray. 

We are with profound submission, in all Humility and allegiance, 
Your Honor's and the Honorable House of Deligates' 

most devoted and most Humble Servants, 


*As early as October, 1660, upon complaint being made by the Indians of Ac- 
cawmacke (afterwards changed to Northampton), that their lands were en- 
croached upon by the English, it was ordered that the Governor commission two 
or three gentlemen from the western side of the Bay, to go over and lay out a 
sufficiency of land for their maintainance, and that this land should be so secured 
to the Indians that it should not be alienated to the English^ &c., and in 1631, in 
an order made forbidding, on penalty of severe punishment, any intercourse with 
Indians on the part of the whites, exception was made in favor of those on the 
Eastern Shore, with whom the planters were required to be on the most sociable 



Account of One Year's Expences of the State Schooner 1786. 

Patriot, Jas. Barron, Commander, Paymaster and Furnisher 

OF Provisions: Schooner 

___________________^^ Patriot 

Expenses of 

James Barron, @ i6s. 8d. per Day, 365 Days £^ 304. 3. 4. 

Saml. Barron, Lieut, @ 6s. p'rday, 2s. subsist 146. o. o. 

John Gibson, Gun*r, @ ^£ p. mo 48. o. o. 

Mark Sterling, Pilot, @ So;^ p'ryear 80. o. o. 

James Rudd, Boatswain, @ £^^ p. mo 48. o. o. 

Five Seamen, @ 3;^ p'r mo 180. o. o. 

Peter Linsay, ord'y Seaman, @ 40s 24. o. o. 

Jas. Barron, a Lad, @ 30s 18. o. o. 

Jack Knight, a public negro, for Cloaths 5. o. o. 

Half of ye Doctor's Expenses, @ 6o;^ p. year 30. o. o. 

13 Rations p. Day, 365 Days, 4,745 @ lod 197. 13. 4. 

Ware and Tar of Sails, rigging. Anchors, Cabels, Mate- 1 

rials for Cleaning, &c., &c / 

£ 1,224. i^« S* 
Boat Liberty. Boat Liberty 

Michael James, Commander, @ 6s. p'r day, 2s. subsist... 146. o. o. Expenses of 

I Master's Mateact'g as Lieut , @ 4s. p*r Day, is. subsist., 90, o. o. 

John Ewing, Pilot, @ 4s. p'r day 72. o. o. 

Edward Bully, Boatswain, 4;^ p'r mo 48. 0.0. 

Stephen Dunton, Gun'r, @ 4;^ p'r mo 48. o. o. 

Three Seamen @ ;^3 p'r month 108. o. o. 

Michael Dixon, ord'y Seaman, 36s. per month 21. 12. o. 

Mathew Cook, a Lad, @ 30s. p'r month. 18. o. o. 

Half ye Doctor's Expenses, @ 6o;^ p'r ann 30. o. o. 

Will. Bush, public negro, for Cloaths 5. o. o. 

II Rations p. Day, 365 Days, @ lod 167. 2. 8. 

Ware and Tar, &c 120. 0.0. 

£ 873. 14. 8. 

Estimate of Amount of Tax to be Raised by Virginia,' 

Made by her Del^^tes in Congress under the Law for imposing new 
Taxes, &c, to supply a deficiency of 434,582^1 dolls., and sources of tax- 
ation enumerated, viz: 

1,600 Coach and Chariot wheels, supposing 80 Counties to 

contain 20 each, including Cities and Towns, at 5 dols. each, 8,000 

1,600 wheels of other 4- wheeled carriages at 3 dols 4t8oo 

80Q do. do. 2-wheeled carriages at I dol 800 


17^. The Cerk of the Conrr *yi Appcak, sini|MMiiy hb Heea. to be 

worth 30odols.. '-^d thereat. roo 

Ditto ol* the Hi^ Giart of Cbaooenr 500 dak 166H 

Ditto of" :he <'ii*n'I Comr ;,ooo doJs —. i,oao 

The Oerks ot' io Coimty Cooits. .Soo dob. each* 64/300 dobw 

'-id thereof'. 21.333^ 

Ditto of 6 (^rporation Courts, at 500 dob. each* jiOoo. i j30O 

200 Lawyers' fees in :he Court of Appedu at ;^5, £ijooo» 

=3oJ3^3 dob at ro p. ct 333H 

500 do. in the C(. of Chancery at $j£, ^2.500. — ^3.33511 at lo 

pV ct S33« 

4/x)0 do. in the <len'I Coart at 508., ^ioxxxx-=333,33il at 10 

p'r ct 3»333M 

40,000 do. in 80 County Courtsat i^su ^60.000, — loaoDO dob* 2oj0€O 

1,500 do. in the 6 Corporatioa Courts at 15B.. j^i*i73i=3»750 

dob 375 

400 Physicians, Surgeons and Apotfaecaoea^ at s£ CBcfa^ 

jQZfOCxy • 6,666(f 

2,000 improved lots at loO;^ each. ^300.000. equal to 666^6611 

dob at 5 p'r ct 33»333tt 

320 Retail Merchants, Native and Privileged, in Norfisik. Alex- 
andria, Fredericksburg, Richm'd and Petersburg, at sjQ^ 
each 5>333*S 

320 do. in So Counties and the smaQ Towns 5»333H 

50 foreign ditto at 20j^ each 3»333tt 

Deduct the Tax on improved lots in Norfislk. Suppose loo 

at loo;^ each, ;£'roo,ooo at 5 p' r ct. i.6664f 

2 p. ct. duty, say 30,000 dob. : 

Deduct fbrexpencesof ddegates in CongreaSt aEowix^ crcefits 
for non-attezubnce. 6,000 

For the Public buildings. 2o/xx> 

26/Joo kiivcs 4tC300 

Deiidency by the statement of the committee. 434t5^2it 

6s, p, hhd. on Tob. for the requisition of Oct, 1786, whidi 

being repealed, the fiind is to go to gen'I requisi t i ons 50,000 

Still deficient 266,1731! 

There may have been more carriages than are rated in tins estimate at 
the time the Tax was imposed, but it » to be considered that there will 
ht many evasions, afid indeed retrenchments in the ardde. 


The Committee of Council 1786. 

Appointed agreeably to the Law for reforming certain Public Boards, have 
visited and examined the Auditor's and Solictor's offices, and do report 
as follows : 

The Committee first examined the Auditor's office and found the Books 
properly kept, with the exception of certain irregularities, growing out of 
defects in the Laws. 

The Committee are sensible that it will be impossible for them to lay 
before the Executive a perfect state of the Public Offices under their in- 
spection in the course of one month, but beg leave to point out such ir- 
r^^larities as they have observed, together with the causes of them, so 
far as they have been able to obtain Information. 

Previous to the act of 1778, for establishing a Board of Auditors, sums 
of money were advanced to many different persons, no acc't of which ap- 
pears upon the Auditor's Books, it not being the practice, antecedent to 
that period, to keep any account with Individuals. And in consequence 
of the destruction of public papers. It cannot now be determined whether 
the monies so advanced have been accounted for, tho' the Sums, and the 
Persons who received them, may be discovered by the Receipt- Books at 
the Treasury. 

The Committee find that many of the Elscheater's accounts remain open 
at this Day, and they are apprehensive it will be difficult, if not impossi- 
ble, to have them Properly closed. The act concerning Escheats and for- 
fietures from British Subjects, requires the Govemour, with advice of 
Council, to appoint two Commissioners to superintend the conduct of the 
Escheaters at each Sale, whose particular Duty it shall be to certify to 
whom and for how much such sale was made, and to transmit such certifi- 
cate to the Auditers, which certificate shall be legal Evidence against the 
Escheators. But the Law having subjected the Commissioners to no pen- 
alty for any failure in their Duty, they have in some cases neglected to 
make any Return at all of the Amount of Sales, so that the Auditers have 
been obliged to rely upon the report of the Elscheaters themselves for the 
Debits which have been exhibited against them. Indeed, no Demand for 
the payment of any Balances which appeared upon the Books under this 
Head can be now supported, the Law requiring the Certificate of the Com- 
missioners as the Legal Evidence against the Escheaters, which Certifi- 
cates, in consequence of the Loss of the papers of the office, can be pro- 
duced in no case during the iEra of paper money. These circumstances 
render it not improbable that in some Instances the Commissioners may 
have neglected to return the Amount of Sales, and the Escheators 
to make payments, as there appears to be only twenty-eight Escheators 
known to the Auditors. The Committee farther find that frequently the 
Accounts of Sheriff are blank. This may be attributed in some cases to 
the failure of the Commissioners of the Tax to render to the Auditors an 



1786* Account of the Taxes due, so that no debits could be entered against the 
Sheriff. In other cases Returns had been made agreeble to Law previous 
to the Invasion by Arnold, which returns being destroyed by the Enemy 
before any Entries were made upon them in the Auditor's Books, and the 
Commissioners, supposing they had performed their duty, no papers were 
preserved from which duplicates could be made out 

The Committee observe, that in some Instances where accounts have 
been long since finally adjusted they are not dosed up on the Auditor's 
Books. Thb Error may be ascribed to a want of proper commuhication 
between the different public offices, of which the following will serve as 
Examples : Mr. Ross, as Commercial Agent, stands charged with very 
large Sums of paper money, besides Tobacco and other things, whilst he 
appears to have no credits whatever, notwithstanding he accounted for all 
the Public Property which had been confided to him ; and there appeared 
upon a settlement before a Committee appointed by the Executive to be a 
large balance due him from the Public. All the Books and Papers of the 
Commercial Agent's office have been put into the Hands of the Solicitor, 
without any directions to him to fiirnbh the Auditors with the information 
necessary for establishing the proper credits. This account must remain 
open. A similar Irregularity is observable in the Account raised against 
Mr. George Webb as Treasurer. He appears by the Auditor's Books to 
be a creditor of the Public to a considerable amount, although his ac- 
counts have been regularly settled and ballanced before a Committee of 
the General Assembly. Thb may be .accounted for from the foUowmg 

ist. Persons lending money to the Public and paying it into the Treas- 
ury, neglecting to return their Receipts to the Auditors, the proper Debits 
were not entered against Mr. Webb. 

2ndly. All w^rants drawn by the Auditors were immediately passed to 
the credit of Mr. Webb, which, in numberless Instances, were not paid 
until his successor came into office, by which means Mr. Webb has credit 
for money which Mr. Brooke actually paid. 

3dly. The Auditors, upon opening their Books, omitted to charge Mr. 
Webb with the money he had on Hand at that Day. Indeed thb irr^^- 
larity must still continue, as the settlement of the Treasurer's Accounts 
are made only before a Committee of the Assembly by the Books kept at 
the Treasury office, so that the Auditors are uninformed of the amount of 
any Balances upon these Settlements. These causes will abo account for 
Mr, Brooke's appearing to be a considerable Debtor to the Public, not- 
withstanding his accounts have been setded in the usual way. 

It also appears to the Committee |that large Sums of money have been 
advanced to sundry officers of the army under a Resolution of Assembly, 
which are not in all cases entered in the Account of Individual Officers. 
It cannot now, therefore, be ascertained whether these monies have been 
all accounted for, tho' a list of the sums and the names of the officers re- 


ceiving them, has been preserved, by which the Auditor for bringing up 1786. 
the old Books is now making the necessary Entries. 

The Committee find that the Paper Money Books are all posted up to 
7th of March, 1786. 

But the Quantity of money called in under the different Laws cannot 
be known, as there are large sums l3ring in the Treasury not counted, of 
the amount of which the auditors have no knowledge. 

Upon examining the Books containing the Specie Accounts, the Com- 
mittee find the same system continued as was laid down for keeping the 
Money Books, and observe similar Irregularities, arising from such causes 
as have been already reported in the case of Paper Money, except that in 
no instance since the Institution of the Solicitor's OfHce, the Commission- 
ers for collecting the Taxes have been entered in the Auditor's Books to 
the credit of the Sheriffs, and that the Escheators' Accounts, so far as they 
are posted up, have been all properly closed. 

The Committee do farther report that the proceedings of four months 
in the year 1784, are yet to Journalize; that those from Nov., 1783, to 
January, 1785, are not yet posted, and that the whole of the proceedings 
of 1785 are Journalized and posted up to the first of December. The 
Committee will have it in their power to say little of the Auditor's ofAce 
under the present management, as the new Books are not yet fully opened. 
The Auditor for keeping public accounts, reports that he met with such 
difficulty in procuring Books proper for the Business of his office, that the 
Journal could only be began on the 13th Instant, and that the Ledger is 
still in the hands of the Bookbinder. In addition to which, he observes 
that two months of the Busiest Time in the t^ear was to new model ; as to 
the different Heads of Accounts, no one of the former Board choosing to 
give any direction until it was known within whose Department that 
branch of the Business came. It appears to the Committee that the Au- 
ditor of Accounts has kept a fair register of all his proceedings, and that 
he bath carefully arranged and filed all accounts, receipts, and vouchers. 

The Committee next turned their attention to the situation of the Soli- 
dter's office, and conceiving the Account of this Commonwealth against 
the United States to be the most important object of their Inspection, they 
first enquired into the state in which that Business now stood, and find 
that — 

ist A General account of all Military Expenditures from September, 
1775, to the last of December, 1781, has been copied in Books, which 
Books, fi'om their commencement to the last of December, 1780, has been, 
as the Committee are informed by the Solicitor, compared by the Com- 
missioner of Congress with the Treasurer's rec't Books, and each article 
noted for that particular Head of Charge to which it properly belonged. 
The several Articles so noted from the commencement of the Account to 
Septemb'r, 1777 (the period at which the Continental Scale of Deprecia- 
tion begins), have been selected and stated separately under their proper 
heads, a copy of which is now ready to be delivered to the Commissioner 



"/•S^ r^tflrrt 

I i 

H i Uvmtt iM -h^ Inars if 

rsmutorfer ^' ±e ic=niiiic 

IjnniKnmh f lisoer. 
Tie CunminiBg ind x jncffa 



}jtfiffAn lf^t€fhfd. That a l^gfter be vroie lo the Clie% of the oppcr Cherokee 

p'hCMtf^m ^^^^^ tvAfATMag then that the (ktaKhment sent oat finooi this <fistrict in 

fAff^ffffif**^*^ * M/rnkfj bttt, ooder the co mmjiid of C6L John Lcigan, was not sent 

/// /^^^ft, ^^|)y ^^^ )i/i!itile Intentions against them, bat gainst the Ouckamogies, 

wh^f rleprfylatie on and mfest oor Sooth and Sooth Eastern firontiefs; 

that fb^f falling in with and attacking a party of the Upper Cherokees 

witn fmrfiy ausddental^ and that it was impoasiUe to distii^;uish them from 

* A tfmit hy tUf. nsttnti tA Luttrell having been killed by the IiKfians on Fishing 
i'f*'^')f ,i *i\. ]tAiu \A>%ikn, of IJncoln Co., with a small body of militia, pursued, 
*f*/»'rlooU Hii#] tU'frjttntl tlte Indians, recaptured stolen property, and returned in 


the hostile Tribes of that nation, and at the same time to inform them 1786. 

that the Sufferings of that Party was not altogether unmerited, as our 

Detachment found in their Possession two Horses taken but a short time 

before from our People — ^to give every assurance to the s*d Cheife and 

Warriors of our sincere Desire to live in peace and Harmony with the 

Cherokees, but to represent to them the Impossibility of so doing so long 

as the Chickamoggies (a part of their nation) are suffered by them to 

commit the most horrid outrages on our people — that, provoked to the 

last degree by repeated injuries, we are determined to take an exemplary 

revenge, unless they will either, of their own accord, take measures to 

reduce that lawless Tribe to order, or assist us in so doing ; but in case 

they refuse to do the one or the other, that the blood which may be shed 

in our taking an indiscriminate revenge must lie on their own Heads. 

A Copy — Teste, 

G. J. JOHNSTON, Crk Coniee. 

Resohedy That Col. B. Logan be requested to write the Letter to the 
Chei£i of the Upper Cherokee Towns upon the subject of the foregoing 
resolve, and that the Chairman of this Committee write to Col. Logan 
informing him of this request, and inclose him a copy of these resolu- 

A Copy — Teste, 

G. J. JOHNSTON, crk CanCee. 

AccoMAC, Sheriff, prays for Relief. 

Unable to collect the taxes on account of poverty of the people and Petitions of 

scarcity of money. sheriffs for 

relief on ac- 

Albemarle, Sheriff prays for stay of execution against him ; finds it im- ^^""J ^^ ^^ 
possible to sell property for want of bidders. unable to pay 

Amherst, Sheriff prays for releif. &c. ' 

Augusta, Sheriff prays for releif; scarcity of money and extent of the 
county make it impossible for him to collect, &c. 

Berkeley, Sheriff prays for releif; unable to collect the taxes on ac- 
count of scarcity of money ; impossibility of selling property distrained ; 
the scarcity of grain and low price of tobacco. 

Buckingham, Sheriff pra3rs for relei£ 

Caroline, Sheriff reports the people unable to pay taxes, and when 
property is distrained upon no one will bid for it. 

Charies City, Sheriff prays for releif, having received for taxes war- 
rants for interest on the Continental loan. 

Culpeper, Sheriff prays for releif. 

Fairfiuc, Sheriff prays for releif. 


1786. Henry, Sheriff prays for releif. He has not collected the tax of 1783. 

Louisa, Sheriff ( Waddy Thompson) prays for releif; advanced money 
to the people. They combined to prevent sales of property under exe- 

Mecklenburg, Sheriff prays for releif; impossible to sell property, &c 

Middlesex, Sheriff prays for releif. 

Nansemond, Sheriff unable to collect taxes, owing to scarcity of money 
and high price of com. 

Princess Anne, Sheriff has been unable to collect taxes on account ol 
scarcity of money and the temper of the people. 

Pitsylvania, Sheriff prays for releif; no taxes collected on account of 
poverty of the people. 

Rockingham, Sheriff prays for releif; people unable to pay. 

York, Sheriff prays for releif, &c. 

1787. John Campbell to Governor Edmund Rane>olph. 

January ist I have been considering the propriety of moving the House of 

Richmond Delegates respecting what is said about the sale of Publick Stores, both 
within and out of Doors, and would freely do it if my accusers would 
step forward and charge me with anything particular. * * « 

To stop the tongue of Slander is impossible, therefore, till the same accu- 
sation is brought forward I can do nothing. ♦ * * ♦ 
I have requested Mr. Stuart and Mr. Johnston both to bring forward an 
accusation, as they were the persons who said most in the House. 

Your Excellency's 

Most Obed't, Humble Serv't. 


Relating to Col. Rogers* services : " I find a receipt in the treasury of- 
fice dated 21st Jan'y, 1778, for six hundred and twenty- five pounds paid a 
David Rogers on account of secret services." 

« * :|e ♦ ♦ 4c « 

The gentleman who received this money was Senator from the Ohio Dis- 

I find also that ;^200 was paid the 14th Jan'y, 1777, for one David 
Rogers, on account. 

A. Dcssocaa ro Goixukk IL&xnoLfs. 17S7. 

Requests to wak on \as ¥.ur^knu% pi r vkmA id ins SBcmg Mr. Bifeer, Uonuar lA 
as some nev, luirifwylrf . jcod tctt rndxpoanitAt ■■umn^ iiave been 00}- Rktanond 
lected since yestcrdaj Mbtim oKm. i& EsaeDcDcr wiL pieue to iMatki 
the time and placse k will be j^ pc jIA c iar Ixim 10 sec 


Sunday natnu 

W. Ai^OLAKOBt 7X> Gov. Eb. Raxdolth. )wtfT ^ 

DeDOtmoesasa"criiiimil,of tlie&stiiia^:3ntiide.Wi]&^ — sud RkteDond 

to be a magistiate of Bmosvick Couanr. vbo came to my ^^-M^i^g boose 
last week, and sold, onder tbe name c£ Jooes. 27 ior)gcd in^wrtion notes 
upon Manchester warcboose.** • * • » * 

He was pursued and dpcnred, but made bk escape. Tbe aki of tbe 
Governor is requested to bring tbe cnlprit to jostksc. 

David Crawixi&d, )aaiBuy4^ 

Late Sheriff of Amherst County, Petitioiis tbe Executive for remissioo of Amheist 
damages assessed against him for non-payment of taxes. Statement of c^^^vnty 
the solicitor endosed with the petkion. 

L. Wood, Solicitor to Gov. Edmund Randolph. January 5th 


On the first view of the account prqiared for the Commissioners SdicitorVi 
appointed to adjust this State's expenses, re^)ecting the Ulinob Country, <)fl^ 
I discovered that it was taken only bom the Auditor's Books, which com- 
menced Dec'r ist, 1778, consequendy the expenditures respecting the 
Frontiars in Kentucky and on the Ohio, all leading to the reduction of the 
Illinois, were totally omitted. This has induced me to go back with my 
enquiries to an earlier period, where a circumstance seems to perplex me, 
and which must entreat the Executive opinion whether the expenses of 
an Indian Expedition under CoL Christian, in the year 1776, are not prop* 
erly chargeable to the Union in this account Large sums of money were 
paid for this purpose, but for want of papers to refer to respecting that 
matter, I am at a loss to know the principles on which that Expedition was 

With all respect, your Excellency's 

most obe't and humble Serv't 


1797. HocsE OF Delegates. 

jaonary 6di Resahed^ That the Kxr^mi i^ be e mp owered to c iiqiM f c into the sitna- 

Hoose of tioo of peisoos coofined in the pafa&c Jail at the soit of the Commoa- 
^^f^^V^^ wealdi, and to came them to be set at Liberty without the osoal prooeed- 

iogs in ooart, when it sfaaH s^ipear diat tibeir finther fonfinrm e nt will be 

atlmdrd with no benefit to the pobEc. 

JamtaiyTth Jas. Barron TO Hxs ErcELLExcnr, THE Governor. 

Hamptoa Your Excellency's letter, of the 21st of last mondi, came to hand 

yesterday, whidi I received 00 my return from Norfclk with port of the 
pobBck provisions. I have not been able to pnrdiase ooe-halfyett. owing 
to the scarcity of Fork. As soon as I can gett it I diall wait on your Ex- 
ceDency with the necessary papers and Information you direct me to do. 
This beii^ the season for laying in pork, indu ce s me to procure it before I 
come up. as I expect it wiD take a rise. I have bought 3,504 lbs., at 
twenty-seven shillings per Hundred, idiidi is the lowest any has been sold 
for at Norft^. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, with great Respect, 

your Excellency's most ob't Serv't 

January 8th DUDLEY DiGGEs TO His Excellency, Ed. Randolph, Esq., 

Williains- Endosing in his letter the ii^owing paper: 

^'^^ At a meetii^ of the Court of Directors, held at the Hospital, the 8th 

day of January, 1787 — 

Present : Dudley Digges (Preadent), John Blair, James Ifadison, John 
D. Sequeyea, Robert Andrews, Henry Tazewdl, and Joseph Homsby, 
Esq. — 

The court took into consideration the case of John Tomer, brought to the 
Hospital from the county of Princess Anne, by virtue of a warrant under the 
hands and seals of lotm Hancodc, Charles Williams, and William White, 
gentlemen, justices for the said county. And it appearii^ from the Deposi- 
tions of Thomas Tomer and Mary Tomer, taken and returned by the said 
• Justices, that the said John Tomer is a person of insane and disordered 
mind, It is the opinion of the court that the said John Tomer is insane 
and of disordered mind, and, therefore, a fit object to be received into the 
said Hospital, but the finances of the said Hospital being, at present, in stich 
a situation as not to enable the Keeper to support any such objects, It is 
ordered that the said John Tomer be retumed to the county of Princess 


Anne untill the Public shall, by an advance of money, enable the Keeper 1787* 
of this Hospital to maintain such unhappy objects, of which due notice January 8th 
shall be given to the Public by this court. 

Prtnrided^ Nevertheless^ if the parents or Friends of the said John Tor- 
ner will provide for his support and maintainance in the said Hospital, this 
Court will, at any time, receive him, and when their situation shall enable 
them, reimburse the sum or sums that may be advanced by them. 

Signed, DUDLEY DIGGS, Preset. 

Dixon & Holt to the Governor. January 9th 

Ask for the use of the Committee rooms of the House of Delegates Richmond 
after the session is over for the purpose of printing the public business. 

J. Parker to Governor Randolph. January 9th 

Requests the Governor to lend a drum to Mr. Graves of the Norfolk Richmond 
Volunteer Company, as no such article can be obtained at Norfolk on any 

John Price Posey to Hon. Edmund Randolph, Esq'r, and the January 9th 


The unfortunate and most unhappy John Price Posey begs that a fur- 
ther indulgence of a few days could be allowed him — Hopeful that it 
would be attended with giving further releif to the peace of mind that 
your unfortunate petitioner is now in search of. 

The Governor, January 9th 

By resollution of the general assembly, directed to make to Hannah Craw- In the House' 
ford, widow of Col. Wm. Crawford, who was killed in an expedition °* Delegates 
against the Indians, the same allowance as made to the widows of officers 
of equal rank killed in the late war. 

Ordered^ That the public printer be directed to strike immediately two January loth 
hundred copies of the Act making further provbion for the erection of in the House 
the district of Kentucky into an independent State ; fifty copies of the Act of I>elegates 
to amend the act forr^^ulating and disciplining the militia ; fifty copies of 
the act for appointing Commissioners to liquidate and settle the expenses 




»7^. hocantd in two c gp e dh ioDi 
January i<iCfa tbe lici g h b oriog hodaaoB, and 
oootinually and amfnding ao 
giving fbfllicr time to 
eating Warrants upon 
diatr^tnited throagiKNit the 
ing the Counties theretiL 

on from tbe Kentndcjr dirtnrt 
five hmdred CopMs of tbe act far xcvji'uig 
act to revive and amend in put an aa far 
far settlement Rights, and farlo- 
Rigbtey and far otber purposes, to be 
Distiict bv tbe members 

January lodb 


Biftmwfid Enclosing tbe Depositioos of Richard Smyth and Rob*t Alexander, re- 
electing tbe Ux^ng Tobaooo notes by Wilfiam Watson : 


It has not been in my power to transmit tbe endosed affidavits 
sooner to your Excellency. * * * ^ * 

I notice this because I find inconsiderate or ill-designing men have been 
censuring me for not giving earlier Information of Watson's escape. I 
bcgf therefore, to inform you that my letter was written and signed within 
three hours of the first information I received on the subject 

Your Excellencie's most Obed't 

and Most Humble Serv'L 


Richmond In the penalty of fifteen hundred pounds, conditioned to receive at Red 
Stone, Old Fort, on the Monongalia River, and convey to Dick's River, 
in the District of Kentucky, and deliver to the order of Col. Benjamin 
Logan, 500 stand of arms, 2,500 lbs. of powder, and ^,000 flints. 

January nth 

Resolution of General Assembly, 

In the House Authorizing the Executive to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death 
of Delegates q,. resignation of the Commissioner appointed to liquidate the accounts of 
this Commonwealth with the United States. 

January nth 

The Treasurer 

House of Authorised to advance to the Executive a sufficient stun of money to sup- 
Delegates port the Arsenal at the Point of Fork, &c. 


*R. Caswell, Gov. of N. Carolina, to the Gov. of Virginia, 1787. 

Enclosing copy of an Act of the Legislature of that State appointing January lath 
£)eputies to a Convention proposed to be held in the city of Philadelphia 
in May next, for the purpose of revising the Federal Constitution, &c 

A Return of Arms and Military Stores, &c. January isth 

I 16-inch mortar, 2 6-Pounders, 8 4-Pounders, 5900 muskets with Bay- Point of 
onets, 1033 without, 936 Grenadier Swords, 278 ship's-swords, 15 horse- *" 

mans, 53} Balls, powder, 83 }-bls. powder, i Tierce powder, 43} boxes of 
musket cartridges, 61 6-lb. canister, 27 4-lb. Grape, 57 4-lb. Round, 15 
6-lb. Case, 43 Rheams of musket cartridge paper, h Rheams of cannon 
cartridge paper, 102 Pigs of Lead, 10,000 Flints, 4038 cartridge boxes, 
217 Pistol holsters, 935 Pickers and Brushes, 436 6-p*d tubes, 21 Form- 
ers, 36 yds. Seijet, 4 Blls. of Sulphur, 2k coib of slow-match, i Gun- 
ner's belt Upon close inspection, most of these arms and stores found 
to be in bad order. This did not apply to the arms lately received from 
France. In addition to the above, there were ten pieces of Field artillery, 
viz : 2 brass 6-pounders, 6 brass 4-pounders, 2 Iron 4-p6unders, mounted 
on unpainted carriages, but wanting Sponges, Ladles, worms. Drag ropes, 
Linstock, tubes, port-fires, &c. The 6-pounders too long and heavy, 
weighing 1,200 pounds each. The Sergett used a very bad substitute for 
flannel for cannon 

Otway Byrd, Sheriff, to the Governor, January i^h 

Informing him that Irby Phillips, a criminal confined in the Jail of that Charles City 
County, to be sent to Richmond for further trial, had been risqued from county 
his confinement by seven armed men, who fired on the Guard that were 
mounted at the Prison, and dispersed them. 

*Sent by Post from Edenton, and was received at Richmond Jan'y 29th. The 
Preamble to the resolutioos under this Act, points to the dangers which most^ 
threaten our existence as a free and independent people ; and insists upon the 
necessity of enlarging the powers of Congress, by reason of the limited powers 
which, by the articles of Confederation, are vested in the Congress of the United 
States, &c. 



1787. And. Dunscomb to Gov. Ranxx>lph, 

January 13th Enclosing copy of the oath of office he had taken as Commissioner for 
Richmond ascertaining and settling the account depending between the Common- 
wealth of Vir'g'a and the United States, and requesting to be informed as 
to the number of Qerks he should employ ; asking for 15 pounds to pur- 
chase the necessary Books, Paper, &c., and enquiring if there were a 
proper Room which he could occupy, &c, 



Upper Recommending further restrictions in order to prevent smuggling goods 

JamlL"River '°^^ ^^« district. The baggage of passengers and the stores of ships 

should be particularly examined, on account of the impositions practiced. 


New Hamp- Appointing two of their Delegates in Congress of the United States as 
shire Deputies to meet those appointed by other States of the Union, to assem- 
ble in Convention at Philadelphia, on the second day of May next, to sug- 
gest and discuss all such alterations and further provisions, as to render 
the federal Constitution adequate to the Exigences of the Union, &c. 


BY Messrs. De Heyder. reye & Co. 
Items. '\ 

1785. f (In French.) 

July. 3 

For his passage and that of his worknien firom Havre to Southamp- 
ton ;f6a 


Houdon's 26th— Paid to Williams for shirts, blankets, &c. £ 8- «• <>• 

expences 27th— To Wilkinson for Sailore and Qoths, &c 10. 15. 6. 

" — Sum paid by Mr. Houdon to Custom House at South- 
ampton o. 5. o. 

« " — For carrying baggage two trips o. 4.0. 

'* — Board at Southampton of Mr. Houdon and suite 2. 10. o. 

" — Passage of Mr. Houdon to America 36. 15.0. 

" — ** of his servants, workmen 47. 5.0. 

;^I05. 16. 6. 


Dr. Rey to Gov. Randolph. 1787. 

He had served as Surgeon to the Illinois Regiment from the 15th August, January 22d 
1778, to its Reduction 14th April, 1783 — had settled his pay up to Jan'y, Surgeon 
1782, and now applies for the remainder due up to 14th April, 1783 — adds : ^^, **^? 
" I shall not trespass on your Excellency's Leisure by recalling to your Regiment 
memory the disagreeable service of this Corps, or the personal hardship I 
experienced when taken by the Savs^es. Submitting the case to your 
Excellency's consideration, 

I remain with respect 

Your most obedient and most h'ble Servant. 

W. Alexander January 22d 

In reply to the Governor's enquiries as to the cash prices of Tobacco at Richmond 
this date : 

James River — Bird's, Shockoe and Rock Ridge, Manchester 

and Warwick 23s. 

Petersburg and Osborne's ,... 22s. prfce of 

Hood's, and Cabin Point and Gray's Creek 20s. Tobacco 

Smithfield and Milnor's i8s. @ 19s. 

York River — Page's 24s. 

Meriweather's 21 @ 21 6d. 

Tod's, Aylet's, Frazerand Sheppard's 21s. 

All down 20S. 

Rappahannock — From Fredericksburg and Falmouth down 

to Hob's hole 208. 

Hobb's hole down to the Neck 198. 

All ye Northern Neck i8s. 

Potomack — From ye Falls and Alexandria to Boyd's hole... 208. 

At Boyd's hole 19s. 

Bdow and Eastern Shore i8s. 

Wm. Pennock to the Governor January 22d 

In reply as to cash prices of Tobacco, &c. : Richmond 

Ridimond, Manchester and Warwick 23s. p'r cwt. * 

Osborne's and Petersburg 22s. " " 

Lower Inspections 20s. 

Fredericksburg, Falmouth and Port Royal 21s. 

The Lower Inspections 18s. 

Hanover Town and New Casde 23s. 

Cumberiand and lower down 21s. 

He is not acquainted with the Inspections on Potomac. 



1787. Col. Meriwether, 

January 226 Being requested to enquire and report on what terms a number of Ex- 
Richmond presses can be procured to go to the different counties with copies of the 
In Council Amendment to the revenue act, replies: "Three Expresses may be pro- 
cured in Richmond, but they are such as I cainnot place much confidence 
in. The Solicitor sends off his Expresses next week, and says they may 
carry copies of the Amendment to the Revenue Act to the different coun- 
ties, If not too bulky." 

January 23d CoPY OF RESOLUTIONS OF THE General Assembly of Jan'y 

5TH, 1787, 

Authorizing the appointment of a Commissioner to adjust the claims of 

the State of Virginia against the United States, &c, with certificate of 

A Duns- John Beckley, Cl'k H. Delegates, that Andrew Dunscomb, Esquire, had 

comb, com- b^^n elected Commissioner for this purpose by joint ballot of both Houses 

^c. ' of Assembly on Thursday, the eleventh instant. 

January 23d David Ross TO Gov. Randolph. 


Arrowfield I have for a long time been a considerable creditor of the State, 

and in particular for the actual advance of money and Tobacco at the 
most critical stage of the late war. The payment of this particular claim 
was put on the arrears of the Taxes for 1782. This fund would have been 
very sufficient, but the Laws having unfortunately afforded a temptation 
and an opportunity to the collectors of the Revenue to speculate upon the 
money and credit of the State, these arrearages have been principally paid 
up in £3icilities purchased by the collectors at a discount fix>m 10 to 25 p'r 
ct.; and in order to get money for my Warrants I have in some instances 
been obliged to make a similar sacrifice. * * * ♦ 

I observe the County of Gloucester is delinquent for the princip'l part 
of the taxes fi'om the year 1782 to this time, while many counties not pos- 
sesing one-tenth of their wealth, nor anything like their natural advan- 
* tages, have punctually paid up their taxes. I also observe by the Soli- 
citor's Books that repeated indulgence has been granted by the Execu- 
tive. I am far, very far, from doubting but there was apparent good rea- 
sons for it, and I have now only to request that my claim to paym't may 
be placed on the opposite scale to their claim for further indulgence for 
the taxes of 1782, sh'd they apply on the ist of next month, and should 
it preponderate that I may be permitted to superintend the levying of an 
Ex' on, in order to obtain the justice which has long been held fi:'om me. 


not by the public, but by the fraud of some of the public officers, in the 17^7- 
manner before mentioned. I hope you will pardon the liberty I have January 23d 
taken in this address. 

I am, sir, with great regard, &c. 

Some Executions have been sent to Gloucester, but from a sympathy 
between sh'flfand sh'flf, and the Coroner and sh'ff, nothing has been pro- 
duced. I bdieve that county is now upwards of jQiofioo specie in ar- 

Wm. Rose, Public Jailor, to the Governor, January 24ih 

In behalf of a mulatto, one Jeremiah Anthony, condemned to death for the 
murder of old Lassetter. From all the evidences before him he is per- 
suaded of his innocence. Elxcuses his trespassing upon the time of his 
Excellency thus : *' I beg pardon for this lengthy Letter, as I seldom trou- 
ble the Executive to prolong the Execution of malefactors, because I am 
certain, from long experience, it answers no good end, for generally they 
are better prepared for Death in forty-eight hours after sentence than at 
any remote distance. 

Wm. Gatewood and Augustine Tabb, Gentlemen, January 25th 

Appointed severally Searchers for the Districts of Rappahannock and 
Norfolk by the Governor in Council. 

Proclamation of Gov. Ed. Randolph, January 25th 

Authorizing surveys to be made on the lands allotted to the Virginia Line 
on continental establishment and on the northwest side of the Ohio River, 
or below the mouth of the river Tenissee, in accordance with the act of 
Congress of the 9th of May, 1786, giving power to surveyors appointed 
pursuant to the ordinance for ascertaining the mode of disposing of Lands 
in the western Territory, to proceed in the execution of the provisions of 
said act 



1787. Leighton Wood, J'n'r, to Gov. Randolph. 


January 26th It was not untill this day that I knew anything of the act of assembly 

Richmond directing me to give Bond and Security for the faithful discharge of my 

duty as Solicitor and accounting for certain sums of money|to be received 

i5k iTtte^'of ^y ^^' ^^ g^ves me some concern, sir, to find that after almost ten Years' 
an official continuance in publick service, and nearly seven of them as a principal in 
one office or the other, that my conduct shoifld require an additional War- 
ranty. If an Oath of office is not sufficient to guard the Publick from chi- 
canery in their Servants, I should lay but litde dependence on a Bond* 
however, since the Assembly has thought proper to direct it, presume it 
right, and so far as it respects the receipt of money, indubitably commend- 
able, and for the just execution of that branch of Duty, I should have no 
objection to make myself liable in the strictest manner, but for the fidth- 
ful performance of the other official Duties it is rather too hazardous for 
me to undertake, as literally to comply with the Law I know is impracti- 
cable, or at least by a man of no better abilities than myself, consequently 
should I be so unjust as to give bond for the execution of known impossi- 
bilities, I could not be worthy the Public confidence ; add to this the base 
meanness I must judge myself guilty of in asking Gendemen to be Bonds- 
men for me at a time that I entertain doubts of being able to execute what 
they engage for me to do. Indeed, I do not know that it is in my power to 
obtain that favour, having never had any idea of such a thing being requisite ; 
Has no and your Excellency cannot be ignorant that I stand deprived of all 

family Family connections, the grand source from which all such advantages are 
connexions ^ * « c? 

from whom derived. Still I might be induced to try, could I suppose your Excel- 
to expect aid lency would admit a Bond for the faithful discharge of the money tran- 
sactions, as it never was, neither is it now, my intention to receive a single 
penny of it, but negotiate the business in the Treasury office, and so fiir 
as Integrity in matters of that kind is necessary I will dare to trust myself, 
and more I cannot do. For however distressing a sudden and unexpected 
loss of Business may be, or however ill it may suit my private situation in 
Life, I shall prefer struggling with the difficulties such a change may occa- 
sion to the disagreable reflection of undertaking what I am incapable of, 
and thereby deceiving, if not injuring, my Friends, as they who become 
my securities must be, in every sense of the word. 

January 27th JOHN EVANS, Co. LlEUT,, TO GoV. Ed. RANDOLPH. 

Monongalia Sends by Express a return of the officers and militia, together with the 

county defenceless situation of their frontiers, lying exposed to the ravages of a 

cruel and savage enemy. Expecting an Indian war the ensuing season, 

prays for assistance, as they have neither arms nor ammunition for defence. 


Sampson Mathews 1787. 

Informs the Governor he is too unwell to venture out in this inclement January 29th 
weather. A searcher being necessary in Staunton, he recommends An- Richmond 
thony Mustoe as a person of good report, vigilant and industrious, a citi- 
zen of that Town, for the place. 

David Ross to Gov. RANix)LPH, January 30th 

Enclosing report of Messrs. Jos. Carrington and Edmund Logwood, Com- Petersburg, 
missioners appointed to settle his claim against the State for damages and ^^ 
use of his property at the Point of Fork, and who had estimated the same Point of 
at ;^373. 10. o., upon testimony, to-wit : Mess. Howell Lewis and Wm. David ^Ross* 
Price, who in 1781 had been assistant Quarter Masters at that Port, testify claim 
that the first set of quarters built for the Publick had been burnt by the 
British. The quarter master being then at a loss for accommodation, Mr. 
Ross allowed him the use of a large, commodious dwelling house, kitchen, 
stable, store-house, smoke-house, &c.; that a large quantity of powder 
was removed from a house at the new Barracks to the store-house, which Negroes 
was plundered and set on fire by a gang of run away negroes, the explo- the buildings 
sion of which seriously damaged the entire property. Nat. Anderson, late on Byrd 
Dep*y Q. Master, testified that the powder above referred to had been re- 
moved by his order to the store-house near the Byrd Creek, the property 
of Mr. David Ross, and adjacent to the house occupied by himself; that 
soon after his leaving it the said store-house was set on fire by a gang of 
run away negroes, which blew it up and damaged the property of Mr. 
David Ross, at Saint Elizabeth. The report of the Commissioners states gujidines at 
there were six fi^amed houses, three hewed-logged houses, and three Point of 
cabins, containing fourteen fire-places — the greater part of which were ^^^^ ^"^ 
in constant use for the publick from the beginning of the year 1781, for done 
which rent should be allowed until Jan'y ist, 1786; that there were 
twenty acres of land, the timber of which had been entirely cut off for the 
use of firewood and coal to supply the publick forges, and finally a large 
area of woods-pasturage destroyed by the Horses belonging to the 
comand of Major-Gen'l Baron Steuben and others, and ground spoiled 
in brick-making. Mr. Ross urges upon his Excellency the necessity of 
providing for the payment of the claim allowed by the Commissioners. 



17^, JOHK HaMYTE to G0¥. RASfDOLFtL 

Jannary yA Tbe supfJy of parcfainenl in tbe Land office nearly rylmwtrd . That 
f ^,wi oflbce ofxiered from Philadelphia not oome to hand, and oooe to be obtained in 
Richmond. He is redoced to the aheniatifre of cither s to |ip ii^ the Is- 
f'^u^n^ffit suii^ of Grants, or have them made oat 00 paper. To adopt the former 
f^ffice. &c co'^^^'^^ would seriotisly embarrass the business of his office, in viev of the 
numerous applications for Grants. As the parchment firom Philadelphia 
is to come by water, great dday must ensue. He therefore desires in- 
structions in the premises. His Excellency's Predecessor, Mr. Henry, 
under like circumstances, did affix his signature to Grants made out upon 

Jannary 30th J. Ambler Reports to Archibald Blair, Esq. 

<^ce^ That there b at this time no Specie in the Contingent Fund. 

February ist BoND OF Leighton Wood, J'n'r, SoucrroR, 

L. Wood Jr, In the penalty of Ten Thousand Pounds Current money of Virginia, and 
givts bond, ^^^^j^^ yj^ . p^ter Lyons, John Lyne, John Hatley Norton, Geoige Webb 
and David Cochran, for the iaithfiil performance of the duties of said of- 
fice, with P. Southall, J. Pendleton and James Hawes as sureties. 



Congress Enclosing public documents, and informing him that Arthur St Clair had 
been appointed President of Congress by that body, but that Virginia still 
remained unrepresented. 

February 2d Sam'l BrOWN, Co. LiEUT., TO GOY. RANDOLPH. 

Greenhriar He finds it impossible to send a proper return of the militia in that 

county county, because the making of the road to the Kanaway hapen'd at the 

^r'cwd * ^^^ ^^ should have had a general Muster. The people daily removing to 

Kentucky, and the settlements on the Kanaway must certainly break up 

in March unless the Executive will aford them succour, which will revive 

the scheem of the Road fi-om there to Kaintuckey. 


Bond of John Hague, 1787. 

In the penalty of one thousand pounds, to act as Searcher for the Rich- February 5th 
mond District. 

Chris'r Calvert to Gov. Ed. Randolph, in Reply, February 7th 

Informing him that he never had any Seal Except that to my watch. That So Quay 
impression should have sent, but my watch being out for Repair, cannot 
furnish you at this Present time. My Commissions say I am Na. Officer 
over Blackwater and Nottoway, and had liberty to setde between the two 
Rivers, Each port about six miles from my office, &c. 

Jos. Martin to Gov. Randolph. ^^^^^ 

He had just rec'd an Express from John Martin, his agent in the Cher- Henry 
okee nation, dated Chota, ye 25th Jan'y, 1787, by which he learns the ^""^y» ^ 
Convention, composed of all the cheife of the Cherokees, held for the pur- 
pose of considering as to their removal from their present settlement, had 
broken up. They had determined to await his return, and unless the 
whites could be removed from their lands they should go away, as the 
white people tell them they will plant com in their Towns this Spring. 
***** He adds : " If the Indians move 

I fear that poor, defenceless County, Russell, will gready suffer, as I ex- 
peect they will bend all their forces against that part and the Kentucky 
Road. :ic * ♦ * * They have frequendy 

told me that if they ever mov'd they would setde between the Creeks and 
Choctaws, but from the number of Runners that have passed between 
them and the northward lately, I incline to think they will cross the Ohio, 
tho' I shall be sure to get into that secret before they set out. I am on 
my way with three prisoners that was taken from them in the course of 
the warr by the North Carolina militia ; three others I sent after, which I 
expect to meet me at the long Islands of Holston. That will have a won- 
derful affect, as they have been long complaining for them. The whole 
of their prisoners will then be delivered, only one, which is in Kentucky 
in the possession of one William Whiteside, who left North Carolina some 
time last Year and took the prisoner with him, which is a Girl of about 10 
or 12 years old. I must b^;g that your Excellency will give Colo. Logan 
orders to take her and deliver her to me, who will return her immediately. 
Whiteside lives near Harrison's Station, I think, in Lincoln County. I am 
informed by the same Letter that the Spaniards are building two forts in 
the Creek nadon for the defence of that Tribe. If, on my arrival in the 
nadon, anything of Importance turns up, I shall send your Excellency by 
Express, either to Richmond or Philadelphia, where I am told you are 
shortly to be. 





G'n'l Henry Knox, Sec. of War, to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 


February I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's two 

War Office ^^^^ ^^ December ye i8th and 30th. 

The Board of treasury have not yet been able to form any efficient plan 
for providing for the establishment of the troops in all respects. No con- 
tracts for clothing or rations are yet made. These materially depend 
on some plans which are submitted to Congress for their approbation 
and direction. 

There having been no Congress since October, until very latdy, and not 
one of nine States untill this day, the subject could not be discussed 
in Congress. I hope, however, that the matter will soon be determined, 
when I shall be able to write fully to Captain Watts respecting his horses, 
accoutrements, and the other necessary supplies. 
Bebellion in I have the pleasure to assure your Excellency that the formidable In- 
g^^^^*^JJ^ . surrection in Massachusetts is in a fair train of being effectually and 
speedily suppressed. 

General Lincoln informs me that he marched at 8 o'clock on the even- 
ing of the 3d instant with his force, consisting of upwards of 3,000 troops 
of all descriptions, and after a fatiguing march of 30 miles, without halting 
but for a few moments, part of it through a violent storm of Snow, after 
which succeeded a severe cold, so that roost of his men were frozen in 
different places and degrees, he completely surprised the insurgents at 
Petersham at 9 o'clock Sunday morning, the 4th, and almost entirely dis- 
persed them — took 150 prisoners — the rest fled in every direction. The 
leaders have escaped to New Hampshire and other States. 
I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect. 

Your Excellency's most obed't 

Humble Serv't, &c., &c. 


The County Court of King William County 

Collector of To carry out the requirements of the Gen'l Assembly for establishing a 
^^ permanent revenue, &c., lay off and allot that part of this County lying 
below the road leading from Mantapike warehouse to the Bestland bridge, 
as one district, and appoint Wm. Fleet, Gent, Commissioner thereof. 


At a Court continued and held for, &c. ; 






Wm, Edmondson, 
James Dysart, 
Joseph Black, 
John Kincaid, 

John Lowry, 
Robert Campbell, 
Samuel Edmondson, 






Ordered^ That it be earnestly recommended to his Excellency, the 
Governor, and the honorable, the Council of State, that Authur Camp- 
bell be and remain a Justice of the peace in the County of Washington, 
and that the order of the Executive, bearing date the thirty-first day of 
August last, be rescinded. 




Arthur Campbell, Co. Lieut., 


In roakii^ report of officers recommended to command the militia of that Washington 
County, refers to two Companies situated between the two boundary county 
Lines, for sometime past joined to No. Carolina and Frankland, but of Fnm^^^nd. 
late claiming citizenship in Virginia. 

Col. Levi Todd to Gov. Ed. Randolph of Va. 





* * * I would b^ leave to observe, that from the con- 

stant increase of the number of Inhabitants in this County, resignations 
and other circumstances, I find it extremely difficult, or rather Impossible, 
to have the necessary proportion of officers authorized to act in the 
militia. Our great distance from the Executive is also a cause. As 'tis 
generally a considerable time after a Recommendation is made before the 
Commission arrives, and safe or speedy conve'ances seldom offer, I flatter 
myself your Excellency when reflecting on this, and the necessity of a 
well-ordered Militia, at a Time precarious, and the greatest exertions 
necessary, will, if consistant with the duty of the Executive, conceive it 
proper that blank Commissions might be transmitted, accompanied with 
such Instructions as may be Judged necessary. 

The prospect of af&irs in this District at this Time is Something 
Gloomy. We have every reason to expect, as soon as the season per- Gloomy 
mits, to experience the united eflbrts of all the neighbouring Indian condition of 
Tribes. Apprehensive of this, our frontier settlements give way, and 'tis a«»>^ 
with difficulty that Settlers can be prevailed on to stay at such frontier 
places as we conceive of the greatest Importance. Two detachments, at 
this early period of the Season, are now on Duty from this County — one * 
at Limestone, for the defence of that important landing, the other ranging 
on the N. W. frontiers of Fayette. Not a week passes without depre- 
dations being committed in some part of the District. We complain 
much that no adequate mode is pointed out and directed to procure Sup- 
plies for men on Duty. Ammunition is greatly wanted. Lead in par- 
ticular, and could we be furnished with 500 stand of arms it would be a 
valuable acquisition to the District We cannot complain of scarcity of 
Men or want of Provisions, but gready need means to procure the Lat- 


1787. ter, when wanted, and a Law imposii^ fines on delinquents in such man- 
February ner as would deter them from a commission of that crime. It might be 
^^ expected that Danger would unite, and Induce us, with one consent, to 
lend every aid and act with vigour; but experience has proved the con- 
trary, and numbers in affluant circumstances, who live in safety, will not 
risk their persons or contribute any part of their property unless com- 

I have the Honor to be * 

Your Excellency's most obed*t very H'bl. Serv't, &c., &c. 

February Thos. Brown to Gov. Randolph, 


Portsmouth Enclosing the proceedings of a meeting of the merchants of that town con- 
Commerce ceming grievances in their commerce, held in consequence of a letter from 
his Excellency of the i ith inst Also certain suggestions and propositions 
adopted, with request that they be favorably considered by the Executive, 
in Council, and that such of them be recommended to the Gen'l Assem- 
bly as may require legislative action. They report " The conduct of the 
State boats State Boats and naval officer gives very general satisfaction." That the 
clause for imposing a Tonnage of 6d. pr. Ton on all vessels coming into 
r 'htli^^*' ^^^ State, lor the building and support of a Light House, is unjust, be- 
cause it is compelling persons to pay for what they derive no benefit from, 
and because ships bound to Maryland will, if ever it is erected, receive 
equal benefit, without being compelled to pay their proportion of the ex- 
pense of erecting and supporting the same. 
Masters 1*^^^ ^^ clause requiring masters of ships to make report and entry at 
of ships the office of the District when he may first arrive, within 24 hours after 
entnT 24 ^^ arrival, is unreasonable, because circumstances may happen, such as bad 
hours after weather or distress, making it necessary to procure Rigging or repairs for 
unres^on- * ^^^P ^^'^d ^^ another port, or even to another State, and after coming 
able to anchor a head wind may come to prevent her proceeding on her vo3rage - 
and all other nations have thought it necessary to allow at least 48 hours. 
And also ships frequently do call with orders to try the markets, and if 
not answering, to proceed to another port, and which will necessarily take 
more time than that allowed by Law. And frequently ships arriving at 
the Ports of Norfolk and Hampton are obliged to wait for orders 'til an 
Express can be sent to the Consignee at Rich'd or Petersburg. 
Tax of one That the Qause directing one shilling at entrance and clearance of every 

shilling per vessel, to be paid for each seamen on board, is unjust and cruel, because we 
seaman * ^ ' 

unjust ai^ credibly informed that the money hitherto collected on the same ac- 
count and for the same declared purposes, to a considerable amount, has 
been cruelly and unjustly applied to other uses, while we have frequent 
instances of seamen, suffering every species of hardship and actually dying 
in the streets for want of a hospital for their reception. 


That the clause requiring masters of vessels to declare to whom Goods 1787* 
are consigned, is unreasonable, because there are frequent Instances of jl!^^ 
there being shipt and the master's signing bills of Lading to deliver them Masters to 
to order, without knowing who is the consignee. iSmroods 

That the clause obliging masters of ships to pay double Tonnage for belong, &c 

short measurement is unjust, because it has always been customary to en- t)ouble ton- 

nafire tor 
ter the Tonnage by the Register or Sight Bills, and that the masters have, snort 

in all countries, been accustomed to follow that mode only. measure- 

That the Qause impowering the searchers to appoint as many assistants 
as they may think necessary, is both unjust and impolitick, because it gives Sealers, 
them an unlimited power to multiply themselves adinfiniium, without any 
control whatever, and will, if not checked, increase to a very great evil and 
burthen, both to the State and its commerce, by placing the property of 
merchants, to a very great amount, in the power of persons of no respon- 
sibility. That Goods being frequendy wrong packed by mistake, or the gj^. gj^Qyi^i 
amount erroneously carried out, we conceive it to be unjust to confiscate a not be 
ship for any such fault, because the master or owner of such ship never confiscated 
are, nor possibly can be, acquainted with the contents of the Packages. 
We also conceive it is throwing great temptations in the way of rogues and 
villians,. because a man in England, knowing these circumstances, might 
designedly ship a single Package, of not £^ value, and by making a 
wrong entry here and become informer, condemn a ship of many thousand 
pounds value to his own emolument, and it is, besides, laying every merch't 
liable to be ruined by the information of his storekeeper for ever so small 
an error in his Invoice. 

We think that the average of 100 Gallons for each hhd. of Rum or Guage of 
Pipe of wine, is too large, unless the importer was allowed a drawback of ^f ^q^^* 
the duties for any deficiency or leakage previous to the Landing, and we too large 
think that the most equitable way of ascertaining the duties on all spirit- 
ous and other Liquors would be by having each Cask guaged by a sworn 
Guager at Landing. 

We conceive that the clause directing and requiring Craft taking goods Restriction 
on board in one district for another, to lake out permits in each district jq bf ^p- 
before they can deliver their goods, will be attended with such difHculties ped from 
and delays to the craft and detention of goods to merch'ts as will put an ^"^ district 
entire stop to inland navigation. That it conveys the idea of a disgrace- 
ful suspicion ]on all commercial people, and is calculated to promote no 
good end, unless the agrandizement of the Town of Hampton. 

We conceive the clause condemning ships to forfeiture for passing New- Ships con- 
port News point, without making entry, has been made without thought, demned for 
or attention to Justice or Equity, because there have been frequent in- Newport 
stances of ships arriving within the Capes of Virginia without either News, &c 
Anchor or Cable siifHcient to bring them too, or have been in attempting 
to bring too in Hampton Road, in a Gale of Wind, driven from her 
Anchors, and not able to bring up 'til after they were past Newport News, 
and many other circumstances of distress may occur to oblige them to 


1787. nin up beyond the point for Safety. We also here remark, that ships 
February bound to Maryland are frequently forced into Hampton Road by North 
'^ East winds, when they are compelled from the Same cause to lie some 

weeks waiting for proper winds, in which case we are doubtfiil whether 
they would not be liable to confiscation for not making an entry within 24 
hours of her arrival if this Law is carried into execution. 
How regis- We approve of the mode prescribed for granting R^^isters under the 
^J"?y^%c Signature of the Governor and Seal of State, but conceive that it will be 
a consideraUe saving of both time and money to the Merch't if Blank 
R^^isters were Lodged with each naval o£Bcer to be fill'd up and coun- 
tersign' d by them on delivery. 
Drawbacks We conceive that the Qause respecting drawbacks on merchandize re- 
*diS^re-S!^" c^cported, tho' intended for the benefit and ease of the Merch't, is dog'd 
ported with circumstances that will effectually defeat the intentions, because it 
prevents the importer from sdling any goods to another person who may 
be induced from the prospect of the drawback to try other markets, and 
because it requires all such goods to be actually landed before they are 
re-exported, which in cases of salt, and other bulky articles of small valuei 
would be attended with an expense and loss of measure more than equal 
to the duty. 
The tax of When we come to examine the Act to impose certain duties, we are 

two shillings astonish'd to find a duty of 2s. p'r Ton laid on all American vessels. We 
per ton on 
American always conceiv'd that the good and prosperity of Commerce in every 

dMlt^^rl? Country could only be promoted by encouraging the art of navigation 
to ship among the native citizens. We are therefore the more surprised to find 

building, &c restrictions laid on the navigation of this Country at a time when it is 
well known that all other nations are doing everything in their power to 
Cramp and restrain our Carrying Trade, and when it is known that our 
trade is under such manifold disadvantages, that every merchant in the 
State, who owns an American Bottom, is actually sinking money by them, 
or endeavouring to sell them at less than half their cost, insomuch that 
the counties of Norfolk, Princess Anne and Nansemond, which formerly 
built perhaps 150 vessels p'r Annum, have not, at this time, three Sea ves- 
sels on the stocks of any kind, and that, in consequence of these disad- 
vantages, our Carpenters, Smiths, Blockmakers, and other Tradesmen in 
that line, must either starve or Emigrate. The Carr3ring Trade also, 
from Maryland and Carolina, must be effectually stopp'd, as the Tonnage 
on small vessels would frequendy amount to as much as the freight of 
their cargoes. 
General Upon the whole, we are of opinion that the several laws passed at the 

effect of tfie i^g^ Sessions of Assembly, relative to Trade and r^^tions of the Cus- 
passed toms, appear to be founded on imperfect and partial information, and that 
so &r from producing a permanent addition to the Revenue, they will 
probably tend to decrease it by lessening the importations, and conse- 
quently affecting the price and value of our Exports. 


Our cominnnkafion with Maryland and N. Carolina should be made as 1787. 
easie as is consistant with the security of the revenue. This place is February 
already a fonnidafale rival to Baltimore, and tog^ether, with Suffolk and '^ 
Petersburg, will have a ooosideiable share of the trade of No. Carolina 
if proper Laws are made for the encouragement of navigation with in- 
spection of produce, &c. 

The late Laws expose a merchant so mudi, and in some cases are 
thought so impolitic, unjust and oppressive, that several merchants had 
been heard to say they would wind up thdr business and remove to Bal- 

It is customary to direct ships to Cork, Falmouth, Cowes, and all the ports of Call 
other convenient Ports in England and Ireland, there to wait for orders *"^ advan- 
when to proceed. In this case the ship is always allowed to report at the 
Custom House firom day to day, but subject to seizure for breaking Bulk 
or making Sale of goods without Entry. Ships Ijring in this situation are 
constantly in want of necessaries. Should, therefore, a Vessel be com- 
pelled to make an Entry in twenty-four hours, we should deprive our- 
selves of the advantage of being a Port of Call, and of supplying what 
ships under these circumstances may want, tho' this at first sight may 
appear of litde consequence, yet any inducement to make vessels stop is 
an advantage, for none can arrive without laying out something ; and, add 
to this, a small difference in a market will not induce the Merchant to 
send his vessd forther. We may therefore suppose that one-half the ves- 
sels under these circumstances will finally enter where they first stop, but 
should the merchants be deprived of this chance, they will probably 
order their ships to the Port when they may have such an advantage. 

Ships in distress are considered under particular circumstances, and we 
should think ought to be treated and have the same indulgence that is 
granted them by other nations. Great Britain acts in these instances more <jfG^t^^ 
liberally than any other power, and we beleive in all matters relative to Britain 
trade is the best guide. 

A Talk for Colo. Joseph Martin — From Piomingo, One of the February 

Cheifs of that Tribe. '5th 


I have sent for you Twice to come and see us, as we may Talk Chickaw- 
Face to bee. But you have not come, which we think Very strange ofl ^^ nation 
This is the third time. If you Don't Come we shall think You are 
asham'd of the Treaty you held with us at Keive, When we agreed to 
give up a part of our Lands on the Tennessee for the purpose of Trading. 
We have nothing of Goods since, only what we got by way of the Span- 
iards. This makes us Very Uneasy, and seems as if You only ment to 
Jockey us out of our Lands. The Spaniards are after sending Talks to 
us, but we want to have nothii^ to say to them, if we can help it, but must 





have Trade from some place. We know you and love you, and wish to 
hold you Fast, But necessity will oblige us to Look for new friends if we 
cannot get Friends otherwise. My Talk is short ; I speak truth. I here- 
with send you a Large Belt of Wampum by Two of my Young men, who, 
I hope, You will Look upon as Your Friends, and Give them something 
for their Trouble in coming to you, and hope you will come home with 
them, as we Don't want to do anything Before we see you. 


P. S. — We are sorry to hear that the white People are setling all the 
Lands Belonging to our Brothers, the Cherokees ; we hope something will 
be Done to prevent it, as we Expect when all their lands Is settled our 
Lands will go the same way. I speak now for the Choctaws as well as my 
own People ; we are all very uneasy about it, as we are told the Americans 
Intends to take all our Country Before they Done. 

A True Copy — ^Teste : 




Arthur Campbell to Gov. Randolph. 

Washington A paper was handed to me a few days ago by a Gentleman who had 

county lately been in the Country below us, called Frankland. From what I had 
y^^^^ learned from him great pains was taking to circulate copies, giving them 
Campbell an air of secrecy. 

The object seem'd to be aimed at and the consequences that may ensue, 
direct me to judge it to be my duty to forward to your Excellency the in- 
closed copy. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, &c. 

A Copy of a Letter 

From a Gentleman at the Falls of Ohio to his friend in New England, 
dated Dec 4th, 1786 : 

Dear Sir: 

Politicks which, a few months ago, were scarcely thought of, are 
now sounded aloud in this part of the world and discussed by aknost every 
The Spanish person. The late commercial Treaty with Spain, in shutting up, as it is 
Treaty, &c g^id, the navigation of the Mississippi for the term of Twenty-five years, 
has given this western Country an universal shock, and struck its Inhabi- 
tants with an amazement Our foundation is affected ; it is therefore ne- 
necessary that every Individual exert himself to apply a remedy. To seD 
us and make us vassals to the merciless Spaniards, is a grievance not to be 
borne. The parliamentary acts which occasioned our revolt firom Great 
Britain were not so bare&ced and intolerable. To give us the liberty of 


transporting our Effects down the River to N. Orleans, and then be sub- lyB?- 
ject to the Spanish laws and impositions, is an insult upon our understand- February 
ing. We know, by woful experience, that it is in their power, when once 
there, to take our produce at any price they please. Large quantities of 
Flour, Meal, Tobacco, &c., have been taken there the last Summer and 
mostly confiscated. Those who had permits from the Governor were 
obliged to sell at a price he was pleased to state, or subject themselves to 
lose the whole. Men of large property are already ruined by their 
policy. What benefit can you, on the Adantic shores, receive from this ^ 
act ? The Spaniards, fi'om the amazing resources of this river, can supply resources 
all their own markets at a much lower price than you possibly can. ^^^^^^. 
Though this country has been setding but about six years, and that in the '&c ' 
midst of an inveterate enemy, and most of the first adventurers fallen a 
prey to the savages, and although the emigration to this Country is so 
very rapid that the internal market is very great, yet the quandties of pro- 
duce they now have on hand are immense. Flour and Pork are now sell- P>^c^. ^f 
ing here at twelve shillings per hundred, Beef in proportion, and any P''^^^*^^* 
quantities of Indian corn can be had at nine pence per bushel. Three times 
the quantity of Tobacco and corn can be raised on an acre here that can 
be within the setdements on the East side of the mountains, and with less 
cultivation. It is, therefore, rational to suppose that in a very few years the 
vast Bodies of waters in those Rivers will labour under immense weight of 
the produce of this rich and fertile country^ and the Spanish ships be un- 
able to convey it to market. 

Do you think to prevent the emigration from a barren country, loaded 
with taxes and impoverished with debts, to the most luxurious and fertile 
soil in the world ? Vain is the thought and presumptuous the supposi- 
tion ! You may as well endeavor to prevent the Fishes from gathering 
on a Bank in the Sea which afford them plenty of nourishment. Shall 
the best and largest part of the United States lie uncultivated — a nest for 
savages and Beasts of prey ? Certainly not Providence has designed it 
for some noble purposes. This is convincing to every one who beholds 
the many advantages and pleasing prospects of this country. Here is a 
Soil richer to appearance than can be possibly made by art. Large plains 
and meadows without the labour of hands, sufficient to support millions of 
catde. Summer and Winter. Cane, which is also a fine nourishment for 
them, without bounds. The spontaneous production of this country sur- 
passes your imagination. Consequently, I see nothing to prevent our 
Herds being as numerous here, in time, as they are in the Kingdom of 
Mexico. Our lands to the northward of the Ohio, for the produce of 
wheat, &C., will, I think, vie with the Island of Sicily. Shall all this coun- 
try now be cultivated entirely for the use of the Spaniards ? Shall we be 
their bondsmen, as the children of Israel were to the Egyptians ? Shall 
one part of the United States be slaves, while the other is free ? Human 
nature shudders at the thought, and fi-eemen will despise those who could 
be so mean as to even contemplate on so vile a subject 



17S7. Chas. Thomsox to the Goverkor of Volginia, 

Febroaxy In reply to his Excdfency^s letter oT Dec. 1st, 1786. fmtriii| p Act oT As- 
'^^ saably appointiiig deputies to meet in a cooventioa of tbe Stales at Phil- 
3^^^ ^ addphia in May next Tliis proposition, under tbe coosidention of a 
CoogresB grand Committee, Refers to tvo pieces of important inlel^ence trans- 
rrfoS?^- °*^^^^ ^^ C oa^ r e a s — one in an extract of a letter from a person in Ken- 
to traoblcs tncke to a Delegate for P tousylva ma^ the odier cmnmnnt cated by a Del- 
ia Vtrpaia q^^ate for North Carolina. AkiKM^ dicse hcts do not ooiDe dnly anthen- 
ticatedy thcf are tlioiigiit worthy of notice, porticolarly as they concern 
the Commonwealth of Virginia and the *''*'-'^f- thcreoC He tmsts steps 
may be taken to pot an iin mediate and e&ctnsd stop to diese irregularis 
ties* if faond to exist, which the repofafinn and peace of your Slate and 
the honor and tranqnifity of the Cdofiederacy may leqni r e . 

p^fynary ^^ GraTSON A3XD J. MaDISOK* Tk'K, to THK Gov'R of VntGIKIA, 

19th or Replt. 

York ^ « ^ ^ We are sorry to inform yoa the parkrtt 

had sailed a iew hoars before, so that we conhi not, by that oppor tuni ty, 
foward the iodosoresL 
United We have applied to Gen*l Knox respecting the arms; bat he has cie> 

seil arms to op aH thoaghts of procnrmg them from the Conirrirr a c T , They sugg e st 
^*""^ the propriety of hb empowering Mr. Carringtoa to pm i hanr the nnmber 
waitted for the Stale, on his way through Philadelphia to New York, from 
Messrs. Cox & Frazer, merchants of that places who, thqr ar« informed, 
have a qgandty of excdlent arms on hand for sale. 
They are informed by Mr. King, one of the Delegates for Massadm- 
Shav*srebel- setts^ that the rebellioa is nearly in ye same ^hmrinn as mralinnr d in oar 
^^*^ fast. Therestillexistsaparty in the County of Berkshire; ooder ye com- 
mand of one Wyley, duxigh dfeere is reKon to expect these also will 
shortfy be cfispersed. Wie heartily wish this may be the cascv as diere is 
good information that the evil is about to be commnmctfed to the fioo- 
tiers of this Stan. Indeed, if the party in Massachnsetfis are soooessfbl, it 
it 8 highly probable it may extend mnch &rther. 

We have the honor to be* 

With the highest rr^,ieffL 

Y*r Exc*T s most oh. Servants, &C., &c. 


Charles Lee, Nayal Officer of Solth Potomaci:, to Governor 17S7. 


When he left Alexandria, on the 5d instant he did not know that onder Febraary 
the new Law he was reqoircd to gire to the Solicitor at Ridiniond his n^J^^ 
Bonds ibr duties remaining^ unpaid. He should not be able to do this 
until the last of Mardi, as he diould be obliged to return bv Yeocomico 
toAlexandria . * • * ♦ * * * 

Continues: ''Haveti^ seen in the C«2^^ the law c^ the last Session amend- 
ii^ the port law, also sundry laws imposing duties^and having in my pos- 
session the late naval office law, I find mys^ in doubt as to some matters. Doubts 
what I oi^t to do, and therdbre shall take die hberty of submitting ctmstnicticm 
them to your consideration that I may receive insiractions.** of the law 

Is a vessd bdonging to citizens of Virginia wholly, and a vessel under 
60 tons bdoi^^^ing to Maryland, exempt from tonnage of 2s., and also 6d., 
light money? I think they are. ♦ * * * # 

If a ship from Sea be entered in North Potomack, may she be entered 
with my deputy at Alexandria, according to the last port law, if bdongii^ Omnirf^* 
to foreigners or citizens? It seems as if this might not be done, and enter under 
unless permitted, the merdiants of Alexandria will be subject to great certain 
inconvenience. Indeed, I will not omit to observe, that the laws respect- stances 
ing trade of the last Session will introduce many embarrassments and 
inconveniences with respect to the naval office business, and thereby 
diminish the revenue arising from duties. To enter a ship at one place, 
deliver the cargo at another, and bring it up in river craft, exposed to Bad conse- 
accidents of various kinds, to a third place to be there sold, is a system in t^'!^IJJ^J2J 
general not to be executed without great loss of time, money and trouble system 
on the part of the merchants. Its operation upon trade will be to drive it 
from the Commonwealth elsewhere; and this effect will be sensibly felt in 
Potowmack, as the merchants will find it their interests to do their busi- 
ness in Maryland. One of two modes must be adopted with r^;ard to 
the entry of their ships by the Alexandria merchants, either originally at 
Yeocomico, or at Georgetown, in Maryland, and fix>m thence with the 
deputy at Alexandria. This latter will be preferred, because, the invoices 
not being in the master's power, a ship must after arrival remain at Yeo- 
comico until a messenger can go and return from Alexandria or Dum- 
firies, a detention too expensive. At Yeocomico a master will be at a loss 
for sureties to secure the duties. The law of Maryland allows a full draw- 
back upon exportation, and the merchants are convenient to Georgetown. .^^ 
Should this mode prevail, the tonnage of the Potowmack trade will be mac trade 
almost wholly paid to Maryland. I am told Yeocomico was made the must go to 
port of entry to prevent smuggling. This effect cannot in any manner ^^ 
follow, because, by the compact law, any vessel may proceed up the river 
without stopping at my office, and as she passes up may smuggle now in 
the same manner as she might under the former law ; but the L^slature 
are, I conceive, mistaken in the ideas they have had concerning this kind 






Expense of 


duties in 


of smuggling. The inconvenience and expense is a greater burden than 
the duties. 

The obtaining registers from the Council Chamber is inconvenient to 
the Sea-port towns. Is the oath upon such occasions to be administered 
by the naval officers ? And here let me refer to the first naval office law. 

The payment of the money to the Solicitor at Richmond is hard upon 
the merchants, because it will be considered by them as equal to 2>^ p. c. 
commission upon the amount of their duties, paid by themselves. If done 
by others, they will have to pay that commission, and if by themselves 
their trouble will be equal to it 

But what is more intolerable, is that part of the law which requires the 
Solicitor to publish the bonds for duties four weeks in the Virgtnia Ga- 
zette. In foreign countries, this matter will not be thoroughly understood, 
or in many instances not attended to. and therefore the credit of our mer- 
chants may be most seriously wounded. Upon such advertisements being 
read, the merchants here will expect to hear of the most summary steps 
against their effects being taken in foreign countries. 

4c ♦ * ♦ * :|c 4c 

Having thus freely and sonlewhat hastily expressed the sentiments 
which have occurred to me respecting the laws as they now are, relative 
to the department in which I am an officer of the Commonwealth, 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's 

most obedient Servant, &c., &c. 

February CIRCULAR FROM Chas. THOMSON, Sec'v of Congress, to the Gov- 
^^^ ERNOR of Virginia, 

Office of 



Enclosing resolution of Congress authorizing a Convention of Delegates 
to assemble at Philadelphia on the second Monday in May next for revis- 
ing the Articles of Confederation, and reporting to Congress and the 
Legislatures of the Several States such alterations as they may deem ade- 
quate to the exegendes of Government and the perpetuation of the Union. 



Jno. Peyton to the Executive, 

Gloucester Praying relief for the Deputy Sheriff of that County who had not been 
county j^y^ ^Q collect the taxes since the war, owing to the scarcity of money, 
there being little or no Tob'o made in the county. Ship-building, the 
only means of drawing in a little money, has been entirely at a stand, and 
the Inhabitants has for years past been drained of the little cash amongst 
them for com. During the War, other counties, where Tob'o was made, 
it was laid up, and when the peace commenced, commanded a great 
price. Here, at the close of the war, the people were left naked, striped 
of their stock, which would have enabled them to cultivate their lands in 



Christopher Roane to Arch. Blair, Esq'r, 

In regard to his appointment as Searcher. * * You say 

I have choice of places — City Point or the Bermuda hundred. I will 
take City Point, as the salary is the greatest. I am much disappointed, 
for I fully expected my salary would been at least forty pounds more than 
it was the last year, as the trouble and fatigue is greatly increast, and the 
danger a man's in is not a trifling matter to be considered. I cannot 
think I am a very timorous man, but must say the danger to any man 
acting in my line of business is grate and disagreable, but my poverty 
compels me to pursue it. The gentlemen may think when there is any 
danger we may apply to a magistrate for redress, but in my opinion it 
will be too late to apply to a magistrate after we get our brains beate out 
or nock over board. I can venture to say that two-thirds of the people 
is as much alarm'd at a parcel of drunken saiUors as they wou'd be at so 
many devils. 

I cannot tell how Mr. Denham or myself will make out at these places 
with the salary, for the board will be half our wages, exclusive of some 
room to do the business of the office. There is only four houses at both 
of these places, and two of them are held by people who will not take in 
borders, and particularly such borders as we shou'd be, when saillors 
wou'd be constandy coming to do business with us, and the other two are 
rum shops, and frequendy full of drunken saillors. He is glad to know 
that one of the Council is required to visit him occasionally. This, he 
knows, will secure an addidon to his salary as soon as the circumstances 
attending the business are understood. He thinks it unnecessary that 
two Searchers so near together should have separate fields of duty. They 
should, have a common office at City Point, where the permits to enter 
could be countersigned by one of them, always to be found, especially as 
they are required to attend at Petersburg and Broadway on the Appo- 
mattox, as well as at City Point and B. Hundred. He desires to attend 
at Cabin-point at particular times, as there is a number of Torys there 
that is pretty much in trade, and I am sure it is a place where there is a 
grate deale of smugling carried on. 




Henry Banks to Gov'r Randolph. 


In a late excursion through Greenbrier and Montgomery I was in- Richmond 
formed o( several Incursions made by the Indians in the frontier setde- 
ments, which strongly indicated hostile Intentions, and which was evi- 
denced by the manner of their coming and the number of Horses which 
had been stolen. 

There are at present about 60 families seUed on both sides of the Ken- 
hawa, beyond the Gawley River. The prospect of that setdement*s in- 





creasing, if pix)tected, is evidently great, and as evidently necessary, as 
being the quarter through which the Communications to and from Ken- 
tucky ought to pass. To do this I conceive 15 or 20 men necessary, to 
be kept constantly scouting in different parts of the adjacent counties, so 
as to reconcile the people to a certainty of protection from Government, 
and to be an awe to the Indians. These observations the County Lieut, 
and other leading characters of Greenbrier have requested me to make. 

I have the honor to be Your Excellency's 

most ob't and humb. Serv*t, &c., &c. 


J. Pendleton to the Governor, 

Auditor's Apologizing for not having provided the Securities to join him on the 
omce Bond, required by Law for the faithful discharge of the dudes of his 

office, &c. 


Capt. Thos. Bowne, 

Having been appointed naval officer for South Quay, declines the position, 
because it would be impossible to support himself by accepting it, espe- 
cially as the Law prohibits a person acting in that port from following any 
kind of business, &c. 

jljjf "^ George Savage, Naval Officer, to the Governor, in Reply. 

Northamp- He had made full settlement with the Auditor in October last, since 
ton county ^hJch ^me there had been few entries in his office. Adds : " In respect to 
my Seal of office, I must ako beg leave to inform your Excellency that I 
have never made use of any particular one for that purpose ; therefore as 
a late Act of Assembly directs the Executive to regulate the devices, I 
shou'd be extremely obliged to your Excellency to inform me what you 
wou'd have on mine, and I will have one made and send you the impres- 
sion without loss of time." 

February Wm. Gravson AND Jas. Madison, Delegates in Congress, to the 
26th Gov. OF Virginia. 

New York A Mr. HufT, from Winchester, has farmed the exclusive privildege of 
transporting the mail from Alexandria to Pittsburgh for seven years, and 
from Winchester to Staunton. On a supposition that the same person 
would also contract for the road from Richmond to Staunton, we applied 
to Congress for a resolution to impower the Post M. Gen'l to farm the 
transportation of the mail on this route for the same period, which has 
been obtained. 


Bond of John Pendleton, J'n'r, 1787. 

In the penalty of Ten Thousand Pounds, current money, for the faithful March ist 
performance of his duties as Auditor of Public Accounts, &c. 

Colo. Thos. Meriwether, March ist 

In conformity with the 9th Rule for conducting his office, reports to the Militia 
Governor that all the County Lieutenants, except those of Louisa, Fay- , oncers 
ette, Rockingham, Nansemond, and Shanando, are delinquent, in not &c 
making Returns of the whole of their militias within 40 days after their 
General musters, and that the Returns received are deficient in form. All 
the Co. Lieutenants are further delinquent in not complying with the law 
by rendering an account of all monies received and disbursed by them on 
or before the 31st December in every year. 

Arthur Campbell to Capt. Sam'l Newell, March 3d 

Enclosing a Talk, to be conveyed to the cheifof the Cherokees, and accu- Goodwood 
rately interpreted. The safety of the Frontier and the Powell's Valley Arthur 
people require this. The conduct of the Kentucky detachment, most re- ^^'"P^^** 
prehensible in attacking defenceless Indians, neighbors and friendly, and 
sparing the inimical Chickamoggas. This is reversing established max- 
ims, making enemies of friends. 

The Talk. 

Holstein River, March 3d, 1787. 
Brother : 

It is with great concern that we hear that a number of your 
Towns' people have lately been killed by some white men between Qinch 
river and Cumberland mountain, and that you blame the Virginians for it, 
As to who has done it, I cannot certainly say, but have heard that 100 
men from Kentuckey has gone towards Chickamogga Towns to take satis- 
faction for the murder that was done on the Kentuckey path last October, 
and what made the people exceeding angry, was that they heard they 
captives, mosdy women, were all burnt in the Chickamogga Towns. 

You know when the Americans goes to war they kill no prisoners, and 
trys to save alive all the women and children. Warriors will only seek to 
fight with men ; cowards may go to war with women. 

Brother, listen attentively : Ever since the year 1781, when your Towns 
were all destroyed for joining the English against us, the Virginians buried 
the Tomhake deep, and never wish to raise it again against their Brothers, 





March 3d 

the Cherokees, but are willing to live in friendship as long as the moon 
endures. It will be your fault, if that friendship is broken. I will venture 
to promise further, that none of the Virginians living on this side of the 
Cumberland mountain will molest the Cherokees without first obtaining 
orders from our Governor, who is a good man, and will see that you have 
justice done if you remain peaceable. He will also call the Kentucky 
people to account, if they have been guilty of destroying any of the 
friendly Cherokees. 

Brother, Call a Council of your Head Men, Give them this Talk^ exhort 
them to live peaceable and wait until the Governor of Virginia can hear 
all the truth, and if his people are to blame he will give you satisfaction 
and put a stop to future wrongs ; but if you rashly go to war and kill in- 
nocent people, there may be a great deal of blood shed, for we can send a 
great army against you that may destroy you altogether. 

Listen well. You must see that I have now given you good advice, both 
for you and your nation. Send me in return an answer, a very long Talk. 
Tell me all that is in your heart. If you are for keeping the Chain of 
friendship bright, I will be your friend as heretofore, * and do you all the 
good I can. It will give me pleasure to use means to heal the wounds 
and dry up the tears of those that have lost their friends, and be strong 
in endeavours to do justice to all the red people that keeps the peace and 
loves the Americans. 
(A Copy.) 


To ye Great warrior of the Cherokees. 

March 5th 


Scarcity of 

money and 


tion for 

State boats 

J. Ambler to the Governor. 

No money in the Contingent Fund. Col. Parker, Naval Officer, had 
just paid in ;^593. 16. 6., specie tonnage money, but it should be recol- 
lected that £2,000 of the Tonnage is applied to the support of the State 
Boats. Money will not be wanted very soon for these, but he cannot 
apply any part of the Tonnage money until the appropriation for the 
Boats is secured, but as no demand on this account will be made for three 
months, the Executive might direct what now lies dormant to be applied 
to the exigencies of Government. 

Desires to know how Mr. Rose's warrants for support of the P. Jail 
are to be paid. 

♦Squallicuttah (the now great Warrior of the Cherokees), his House and 
property, was prohibited from plunder in the Expedition of 1781, for which he 
has frequendy expressed his gratitude. 


Petition of Clifton Rodes. from Sheriff of Albemare County, 1787. 

TO THE Executive, 

For releif against the Execution of the Judgment of the Gen*l Court for March 5th 
deficiency in the collection of Revenue of the years 1783 and 1784, owing Richmond 
to the great scarcity of money and distresses of the people — solemnly 
avers he was an entire stranger to the acts of speculation, and never, 
directly or indirectly, endeavoured to lessen the public Revenue by the 
purchase of public Securities of any kind. In support of this assertion . Dealers 
begs leave to report to the Certificates of Sundry Gentlemen, Residents securiti^ 
of the City of Richmond, who, it is well known, are principally engaged &c 
in this Business, viz: Saml. Paine, Geo. Pickett, Francis Graves, Wm. 
Hay, Jno. Barret & Co., Irving, Gait & Co. 

J. H. Norton to Leighton Wood, J'n'r. March 6th 

Having learned that under the Law the Solicitor was required to give Winchester 
securityin the sum of Ten Thousand Pounds for the faithful execution of Security 
his office, he is willing to join Mr. Peter Lyons and Mr. David Cochran ^^ ^ given 
and others in his Bond, with the consent of the Executive. 

John Edmundson to Gov. Ed. Randolph, March sth 

In behalf of Ensign Wm. Shephard, who had been inadvertently left out Essex 
of commission by the Co. Court, and Richard Gwathmey put in his place. ^.^"° ^ 
He had been commissioned Ensign by Patrick Henry, in 1779, before LieiUenante 
second lieutenants were known in the Militia, and was entitled to hold his 
office as long as he behaved himself, and his Company being anxious he 
should be retained, his Excellency and Council, it is hoped, will decide in 
his favour. 

Major John Reid to Gov. Ed. Randolph, March 8th 

Applying for remuneration for his expenditures and services in making 
the journey to the Chickasaw Nation in the spring of 1783, to induce the 
Cheiis to meet the Commissioners appointed by Virginia to treat for 


1787* peace at the French Lick, with statements from Col. John Donelson, Isaac 

March 8th Shelby and others, in support of his daim. Major Reid, in April, 1783, 

Journey had come to Col. Isaac Shelby's house, in Lincoln Co., with despatches 

TohnReid ^^^^ ^^' Harrison to the Cheifs of the Chicasaw Nation, with letters 

from Rich- from Col. J. Donelson and Jos. Martin, and with request that he should 

mond to the become one of the Commissioners. He himself had just returned from 
nation, &c the French Lick, and had there heard of the destitute condition of the 

Chicasaws, and on this account suggested the first fiiU moon in October 
as a proper time for holding the Treaty, being the loth of the month. 
Early in May Maj. Reid set out from his house on his journey to the 
Chickasaws, by way of French Lick. At this place he was delayed until 
July — until he could procure proper guides, the distance being about 
three hundred miles, through forests infested by hunting parties of hos- 
tile Indians. He arrived at the Chickasaw Towns on the 2d August, pre- 
vailed on the Cheiis to attend the Council, furnished them with provisions 
on the way, and afterwards at the French Lick, where they arrived late 
in October. Col. Shelby adds : " The Journey that Major Reid performed 
on this occasion was a long and dangerous trip, and I am persuaded that 
few persons who might have been trusted with an affair of its importance 
could have been prevailed on to undertake so hazardous an enterprise." 


Certifies that Major John Reid was Imployed on the 6th Feb., 1783 to 
Ride to Richmond, with Dispatches to his Excellency, Benj. Harrison, 
Esq'r., Gov. of Virg*a, Relative to the Indian Treatys, and did not return 
Major Reid's to Hobten's River 'till the 14th April following, to the Block-house, when 
journey jjg gg^ q^^ fQ^ the Chickasaw nation, from whence he returned to the French 
Lick, on Cumberland, some time before the loth of Oct. following. And 
waited on the Chickasaws*s Kings and Chei£& untill the Comm's'rs ar- 
rival, which was untill the 20th Inst And that he did attend the Treaty 
with them people and returned to the Block-house, on Holston's River, 
on the 15th December following, and [from thence proceeded on his way 
to Richmond. The Distance from the s*d Block-house to the French 
Lick Being computed 400 miles, and Thence to the Chickasaw's Nation 
275, the whole of which road Being Dangerous from the many Indian 
depredations, as also mostiy uninhabited. * * * * 

For his journey he had to furnish a Ling*ister and guides, two horses and 
a boy, adds: *'I most humbly conceive that Major Reid, considering the 
Danger of the Business, the many hardships and Difiiculties which he has 
on the Occation passed through, should be amply rewarded : 



The State of Virginia to John Reid, Dr. 

Ap'l 14th — To riding[ from the Cherokee Nation to Rich- 
mond, and returning to the block-house on 
Holston river, at the instance of Joseph 
Martin, with dispatches to the Governor 
from the 1 2th of Feb*y, 1783, to the date, 
with my expenses, &c., 62 days, at 6s. p'r 


Dec. 1 2th — To riding from the Block-house on Holston to 

the Chickasaw Nation and back again with 
two horses and a servant, with expenses 
attending from 14th April, 1783, to the date, 

242 da3rs, at 6s. p. day 

Feb. 23d — To riding and being detained by the badness 

of the weather and the Ice., &c., &c., from 
the block- house on Holston from the 12th 
of December, 1783, to the date, with ex- 
penses attend'g 73 days 

To allowance for my expenses while ip Rich- 
mond, and returning to Holston, the place 
of my residence, and pay 

To a horse stolen by the Indians, while on the 

above mentioned business £^ 30. 

To paid Malcolm McGce, Interpreter for the 

Chickasaw Treaty £^ 38. 12. o. 

To paid Malachi Fry, as Guide to the Nation, 15. 6. 

To paid George Flin, " " " " " 17. 2. 

To ij^ quarts of whiskey furnish' d the In- 
dians 7. 9. 



of his 


To the Great Waryars an Cheiffs of the CkUkasaws' NaHan of Indians: 

Friends and Brothers : 

The great Council of Virginia haveing Appointed us, the Sub- Address 
seribers. Commissioners to meet such of your Chei& as may be appointed ^^^\ ^X. 
By your nation. We gladly Receive the Command, wishing for an oppor- ^^^^ 
tunity of facilitating a happy peace with your nation, not doubting But 
that the Great man Above will smile on our Friendly Intentions. 

In order thereto, we have sent Maj'r John Read, one of our waryers, to 
wait on You, and to appoint a time and place of meeting, when we flatter 


1787* ourselves of a friendly Interview, and that our Determination may be 
Bifarch 8th perfectly agreeable to both Countries. 

We subscribe ourselves 

Your Friends and Brothers, 


March 9th ARTHUR Campbell to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 

Washington Since my last I have received certain advices that a party of men, 

county something^ less than one hundred, was sent out from Lincoln County under 
Colo. John Logan, to attack and destroy a Small Town of the Cherokees 
that lies on the north side of the Tenasee and below Cumberland Moun- 
tain, who are blamed with depredations on the Kentucky-Path. That 
friendly ^^^ traveling a few da3rs they came on a fresh trace of Indians, and pur- 
Indians by sued until they cross' d Cumberland Mountain. Not br from thence they 
fell in with the Indians, Killed seven, among whom was a Chief, and 
wounded several others. Our people had one man killed and another 
wounded. The party of Indians proves to be hunters from the friendly 
Towns, to the number of 17, and was returning with their skins. The 
Chief that was killed belonged to Chota. On the news reaching the 
Towns the Indians as&mbled in a rage, blamed the Virginians, and threat- 
ened to take satisfaction. Since this event, a Deputation from the Creeks, 
Choctaws, and Chickassas pass'd through the Cherokee Towns, and is 
now at Mr. Sevier's on Nola-Chuckee. They are conducted by a Mr. Wood 
and Mr. Wells, and say they are going to Congress to lay before them 
the true state of the affairs of the Southern Indians. 

Whether this measure of the other Tribes, and the pains that has been 
taken to excuse the Virginia Government from intentionally attacking the 
friendly Cherokees, may divert them from their purpose of revenge, 
seems to be doubtful, as appearances of hostile parties has lately been 
discovered in the wilderness near the Kentucky-Path. 

The essay I have made to prevent blood-shed I hope will meet with the 
approbation of Government. 

I am, hon'ble Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, &c, &c. 


Ohiocounty Applying to be appointed Surveyor N. West of the Ohio River, on be- 
half of the State of Virginia, in place of Major Parker, resigned. Col. 
^for'Se^^ Hutchings, Geographer and surveyor-General, had deputed a Young man 

northwest from Connecticut, which likely will Draw Virginia's Proportion to Centre 
in that State. He is ready to give the security required upon the smallest 


DrxscoMB 17S7. 

Requests the Execnthne of Va. to certify to the Auditor of Public Ac- lUrch 12th 
counts the saOarj aHoved him as Cnmmwsioper libr ascertaining and RkhnocHl 
stating the daims of this CbaunooveaUi a^^ainst the United Siatc& 

Bond of Christopher Roax£, March i^ih 

In the penalty of one thoosand pounds current mooey» for the fiuthtul 
peribmiance of the duties of Seardicr, in which bond he is joined by 
Edm'd Ruffin, J'nV, and Wm. Pqythress. 

Capt. John JorEXT to Go\-*r Randolph. March i6ib 


I arrived at this place the 27th day of last month, and have exerted Redstone 

myself with all the occonomy and industry I was master of to raise men 

to guard the )>ublic Stores to the mouth of Dick's river ; but, much to my 

surprise, found the men were not to be had on any other terms than to be 

wdl paid for their Labour. I have engaged eight men, and not one for i^^n^yi^ 

less than five pounds Virginia Currency. The Boat cost upwards ol Thirty taken to 

pounds, with ajCanoe and Cloth to cover the boat, which will be sold with ^"^^^^port the 

the boat I shall sale the dghteenth, at all events, with what men I have 

recruited, if I can get no more. I have all the men's receipts for their 
pay and their Obligations for their performances in the boats. Capt Price 
arrived at this place yesterday with the Arms, &a, and more than one Condition of 
muskett missing. They came to hand very rusty, a number of the ramrods ^* ^'^^Si?^ 
lost, but can't inform you how many^ A few of the Locks a litde hurt, 
but easily repaired. You will see, by my receipts, the quantity of powder, 
which was delivered in very good order, as Capt Price had twenty-two 
new casks made at Winchester and stored it into the same. The Bayo- 
netts, not more than one or two missing, and in good order. The Gen- 
tlemen at Point Fork refused to deliver the flints. Capt. Rice bought, 
for the use of the Boat, 50 flints and 25 lbs. of large shott, which he has 
my receipt for. I now beg leave to spend my opinion about the care Cap- 
tain Rice has taken of the arms, &c. I think it was not possible for the 
arms to be delivered in better order, or with less damage, as he was 
obliged to Pack the arms eighty miles thro' the mountains without cover, 
but am sorry to say the arms were, Generally, the worst I ever saw. They 
were all old pieces repaired, and of every kind that ever was made, but 
am sure it was yours as well the Legislature's wish for us to have the best 
that could be procured, and am as thankfiill as tho' they were the best in 

the worid. 

I have the honor to be' &c. 


Wi^ C&l£3a^ASi ^JF STATE rAFIXS. 

y^ JfCeuaf^ emdfoe^ far 

HUm^ j<iib lot. Hajttzv to Got. Esl BjURiX3LrBL or Y 


}>M(4^ Mmt At «C7 afrmil to ^m jiaot. 4ut AmusAi j cf the latauMlta a Satt a: 

^b^tiut: ^ trwAi» wm waiaa^ I laao^t bocB vailiB^ mok line lo kacM 
ijm!S^m^j^ Tbejr l»ve <ipe»«l ducr Land ofiot ioriSaai pastaflSut Land hria^ 
^^i4«Myd Ff^sodb Brx0i jnd llie Trni^rr, wttd Ae Lq eMif c €f XoiA Cxnsfin 
OttdM U> tjbe OiaxAiee hH&uft. Tlie people are aenfing as fe as liie 
Bteki <4f die Tepeve, aod ]»«« Loqvof^ 
W tb^ i^4i:«t ^Qiquiet cf dbe IxxSaiB ; xd dicxt, dky aeem to lake cvey 

<»»it»tJiiiiilM^1 <//«Miace k afpoa eftabBili'd io S uIC r an , Wadnogtoo, and HavldxB 

0>«iolMs», dfider Nordi CasxAu, wiucli oomts are modi ofiendcd at the 

tUrh»WM3r <j( the FrmkBmtes r nf MTt i ng Infian aflEuis. SoIfiTan and 

iif^t^i^ f (awkim ar« veiy ttnantiDoas to finroar of die old State. Wadungtoo 

ituHf^dm w<^ <fivided between Tipton and Sivere. CoL John Logan, from Ken- 

^>vir 'l>/irii tiicky^ tn^rched with aboot 130 men against a small Town that fies on the 
nr/fth «ide of Tenesse, caOed Crow Town, bat, miaang his way, fdl in with 
%dfmt! Huntem belonging to Chickamoga, killed seven, whi& has ezasper- 
itUsd the Indians vtry rotich. One of their warriors set oat immediatdy with 
M iP4riy to kill the Traders in the old Towns, but an Indian, who inclined 
to \h: Friendly, with the assistance of a good Horse, reach' d the Towns 
N Hi/' ^ ^^ minutes before the others and gave notice to the Traders, who made 

Miv«n, Mtiil Ibdr escape. They lost all their property except the horses they rode. 
tmt Mpcf ^i iiii* arrival of the Indians they were in great rage that the Traders got 
nritice. They shot the Indian's Horse who informed them, took the 
goods, &c,f and returned to Chickamogga, leaving word that they lived 
there, and any penic)n that wanted satisfaction let them come there. He 
then refers to a certain John Woods, an adventurer, who had lived with 
the Choctuws, and at Fort Natchez with the Spaniards ; had been driven off 
by the latter ; subsequently appointed Continental commissioner among 
the Choctaws and discharged on account of incapacity, and being now in 
(Irspertite (*ircumstances was about to appeal to Congress for an appoint- 
ment, and would doubtless give his Excellency a call. Warns him against 
this nuin und his associate, one Owens. He should set out the next day 
for the Chcrokees with the prisoners referred to in his last letter, and 
Mhould return tui soon as practicable, and should keep the Governor in- 
(ormcil iif events by Kxpress, &c. 


Arthur Campbell to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 1787. 


By a former opportunity I bad the honor of transmitting to your March 17th 
Excellency some papers respecting our militia, and the apprehended dan- Washington 
ger from the Cherokee Indians on account of the attack made upon them county 
from Kentucky. On the ninth instant the Indians killed three persons in 
a Settlement called Casde's Woods, near Clinch river. The enemy ap- 
peared to be but few in number and went off in great haste, without at- 
tempting to carry off Horses or other kind of booty. Some blames the 
Cherokees for this onset, but there is more reason to suppose it was the 
Shawnese, as that nation has, for some time past, been very troublesome 
in Kentucky, having killed and captivated upwards of twenty persons 
since new Year. 

Orders, or papers sent by the bearer, Mr. Urban Ewing, would be safely 
delivered, &c. 

Thomas Jackson to Col. Jos. Martin, Superintendant of March i8th 

Indian Affairs. 
Dear Sir : 

I have just returned from an unlucky Tower to the Cherokees. North-fork 

I had been in the towns but about three weeks when I received informa- ^^ Holston 

tion, by an Indian man, that a partey, at the head of whom was the Foot 

warrior, was a comeing to Tillico, where I then was, to take satisfaction for l"<l>an 

, reveni^e 

some of their relations who had been killed on Clinch for Horse stealing. 
These fellows pressed so close that I was hardly out of sight before they 
reached the Town, and finding they had missed us (for their was an- 
other white man in the Town with me), the foot warrior was so inraged 
that he emediady looked for the man who gave us intelligence, and see- Foot-war- 
ing his Horse hitched at a Door, he shot him down. The fellow who ^^^ 
owned him and gave me the intelligence was layin on a Cabbin in the 
House, and when he heard the Gun he jumped to the door, when the foot 
warrior told him he had a great mind to kill him for letting the white peo- 
ple know he was coming, but since he could not get our scalps he would 
take our property, which he did. 

The property taken consisted of Horses and furs, belonging to himself 
and one Tom Cade, who, a short time afterwards, was himself killed by 
two Indians with whom he had been at variance a long dme, &c. 

Sundry Citizens March 20th 

Recommend Capt Lewis Jones, of that place, for the ofHce of Searcher Port Royali 
for that port, as he hath been accustomed to goe by water and served in Virginia 
the navy of this State during the war. 



1787. Copy of Bond 

March 21st of Wm. Haymond, Nicholas Carpenter, John Powers, Hezekiah Davis- 
Harrison son, Thos. Webb, John McCally, Daniel Davisson, Benj. Wilson, John 
county, Prunty, George Jackson, Benj. Coplin, John Goodwin, Edward Jackson, 
and John P. Duvall, in the penalty of four thousand pounds current 
money, for the faithful performance of their duties as Commissioners un- 
der the Act of Assembly, authorizing " the opening a waggon Road from 
the State Road to the mouth of the Little Kenhawa," &c. 

March 21st W. Short to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 


By direction of Mr. Jefferson, who js absent, I have the honor of 
Paris forwarding to your Excellency the *proceedings of the City of Paris on 
Bust of the reception of the Marquis de la Fayette's bust, presented to them by 
Lafayette ^|jg State of Virginia. The French Packet, which sails in a few days, fur- 
nbhes the first opportunity which has been offered of conveying these 
proceedings, and I make use of it with very great pleasure, as it allows me 
to assure you, sir, of the sentiments of the most profound respect and per- 
fect esteem, with which I have long had the honor of being 

Your Excellency's most obedient and 

most humble Servant, &c., &c. 


Wednesday Held by order of the Council for the trial of Colonel Hugh McGary, of 

Bardstown Mercer county, who was charged with murdering with a tomahawk or 

specifica- small ax one of the Chei& or King of the Shawnese Indians, named Ma- 

tions lunthy, after the said Cheif had surrendered himself a Prisoner of war, 
Colonel H. and was received as such and brought back to the Town of Macocheek. 

McGary Secondly, With acting in disobedience of orders, which was to spare all 
prisoners, which orders were never countermanded. 

Thirdly, With behaving in a disorderly manner in insulting and abusing 
Lieutenant-Colo. Trotter, of Fayette County, for taking measures to pre- 
vent the Prisoners being murdered, and swore, by God, he would chop him 
down, or any other man who should attempt to hinder him from killing 
them at any time. 

Fourthly, With abusing several Field Officers in a public manner, but 
who were absent at Limestone on the return of the Expedition ; And his 

* Not found Enclosed. 


Conduct in general was unbecoming the character of a Gentleman and an i7^* 
Officer. March 21st 

Also, for the trial of Colonel Robert Patterson and Lieutenant-Colonel Charg^, 
James Trotter, of Fayette county, ou complaint made by Colo. Hugh cofond^' 
McGary, That they had impressed one Barrel of Rum at Limestone, where Robert 
the Troops crossed the Ohio River, and by so doing, and drinking part ^l^*^,,. 
of the same, and puting the Remainder on public Horses, and having ant-Colonel 
twenty Beeves shot down without orders from the Commanding Officer, Ja'nes Trot- 
or making application to the Commissary for provisions, and he present, 
was the means of delaying the army more than one day. He further 
complained that Colonel Trotter gave his men positive orders to shoot 
down any man that killed an Indian after he was captured, and said orders 
given in time of action, and not known what might be the consequence 
the engagement. Whereof 

Colonel Alexander Scott Bullet was President. 


Colo. Andrew Hynes, Capt David Cox, 

Lieut-Col. John Smith, Capt. Thos. Cunningham, 

Lieut-Col. James Rogers, Capt. James Samuels, 

Major Wm. Oldham, Capt. Wm. Barnet, 

Maj'r Anthony Crockett, Capt. Joseph Kennedy, and 

Capt. Moses Kerkendall, Capt. Jacob Stoms. 

John Steele, Judge-Advocate. 

* * * * The Court, on maturely 

considering the Evidence, together with the circumstances of the pm^jinj^ 
case, are of opinion that Colo. Hugh McGary is guilty of the first of the court 
diarge» viz: of murdering Molunthy, the Indian King, after he had 
surrendered himself a prisoner. Not guilty of the second charge, 
viz.: Disobedience of Orders. 

Guilty of the third charge, viz.: of abusing Col. Trotter, &c. In part 
guilty of the fourth charge, viz.: That his conduct in general was unbe- 
coming the character of an officer and a Gentleman ; And Sentence him 
to be suspended for one year. 

The court then proceeded, pursuant to adjournment, to consider the Trial ot 
diarges against Col. Robt. Patterson. Having considered the Charges Robert 
and Evidence, are of opinion that the impressment of the Rum does not Patterson 
come under their notice, and that the legality or illegality of it ought to 
be determined by a civil Court They are of opinion that the application 
of the Rum impressed by CoL Patterson was, in some measure, irregular. 



^'^* • 

*A^yjtfM>f^ Mid^0silfaxxA 


Xjf ^sre iBat Bed tTHwd 

Onusr. at the hod of Us 



Thos. XELSox.psrx, to Govebjpcml Rajcdoltb, 

In behilf of Ljiirenoe 
take that office by the 
iiM^fiatdj after the capture 
cfAkcL taxes from a 
Enemy, at had been the 

Ol lOfluOVIl, 

of Yoik, «1io bad 
the incw oi restomig 
but who had 
O Willi jF had been 


I -^- • - 1 1 • I 

able to 
bj the 

hi^tU'^itx For si xty-three 
on account of the 

Bill of Ladikg 

of arms, shipped by Order of Thos. 
c^ Virginia, to the Port of Domfties, 

that State. 

Marrli 24th VIRGINIA—/^ tvii: 

Ku^^m(ml\ ^y ^^ Excellency, Edmund Randolph, 


Governor of ike Co mmonwe cdtk : 


f'r'M'lama- Whrreas, the defence of the Commonwealth is by the laws placed in 
*l'^"i '" T' ^''^ Militia thereof, and no exertion for the maintenance of discipline 
miHtia! Ike ouj^ht to be omittqd, I do therefore, by and with the advice of the Council 
of State, exhort all officers of the militia, of whatsoever rank, punctually 
and faithfully to discbarge their respective duties; And I do moreover 
declare, that every person fiuling herein shall be prosecuted in the most 
exemplary manner allowed by law, But from my confidence in the patriot- 
ism and character of the officers, I most sanguinely hope that a resort to 
the {penalties of the law will be unnecessary. 

(f iven under my hand and the seal of the Conmionwealth at Richmond, 
this twenty fourth day of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 



Col. Joseph Martin to Gov'r Randolph. 1787. 


At my arrival Hear Found the Indians in Greater Confusion Than March 25tb 

I Ever saw them. About Forty Had set out to war against Cumberland Chota 

and Kentucky to Take Satisfaction For some of their Hunters that Was .^"^*f?^» 

^ in fi^reat 

Killed by Colo. Logan. Several others were preparing to set out. I sent conaision 
to the Different Towns for them all to attend this Day in Chota, Which 
they have done. I Had collected Four of their prisoners which was taken 
in the course of the war, and Delivered them this day, which had a won- 
derful affect. The Chieffe promises me that if the White People will let willing to be 
Them Remain in peace that nothing will Induce them To Take up the peaceable 
Hatchett or Join the Spaniards, but if they are to be killed whenever they 
Go to Hunt, they must have Satisfaction. That they have often com- 
plained to the white warriors without Redress. That the white people are 
daily setding their lands, &c. * * * ♦ 

They had Kill'd one of their traders a few Days Before I got in and 
Plundered several others. 

The Franklynists Have open'd a Land Office For all the Lands Be- The Frank- 
tween French Broad River and Tennessee, which Lands the Legislature {he hidia^nf 
reserv'd for the Indians. It Includes part of their Beloved Town, Chota, lands 
and several of their Com Feilds. I waited on some of their leaders with 
a Proclamation from Governor Caswell Ordering them off the S'd Lands. 
Their Reply was that they had knowledge Enough to judge for them- 
selves ; that they should not ask North Carolina nor no other power how 
they were to be Governed. 

I am told by some Gentlemen Lately from Fort Natchez, who came From Fort 
through the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, that them Nations are much Natchez 
Displeased at the Incroachments on the Cherokee Lands. They also in- 
form me that the Governor of Natchez has Published a manifesto order- 
ing all Americans out of the two Nations. It is certain that Mr. Benjamin 
Jones, in the Choctaw Nation, has taken a Commission to the King of 
Spain, in consequence of Which he Refused to accept of one from Geor- 
gia. Mr. Jones is a man of character; has great Influence over the In- 
dians ; has Lived among them many years ; was a known friend to Ame- 
rica in the course of the late war. I shall do Every thing in my power to 
keep the Cherokees at peace, tho' I fear it will be out of my power, as the 
White People are Daily Setling on their Lands. Some have setled on 
the Banks of the Tennessee. I am well assured that nothing will Remove 
them but an armed Force. 

I have the Honour to be, with Great Respect, &c., &c. 


1787. Talk Enclosed with the Above. 

Brother : 

We are glad to see you, and give you a Harty welcome. We 
have been looking for You a great while to see if nothing can be done for us 
Indian talk Respecting our Lands. When you went Away you told us that you Ex- 
^f M^nin P^^^ Colo. Hawkins from Congress every day ; that he was a good man 
and would do something for us. But we have heard nothing from him yet. 
We now hope you can tell us something about him. We have held seve- 
ral Treaties with the Americans, when Bounds was slways iixt and fair 
The Ameri- Promises always made that the white People should not come over. But 
cans take we always find that after a treaty they settle much faster than before, but 
when we Treated with Congress we made no doubt but we should have 
Justice. We have been often told by People a great way off that we 
should set still till all our Lands is Settled ; the Americans only ment to 
Deceive us. We now begin to think it is true, tho' still hope that Con- 
gress will take pity on us and have their people moved off our Lands. I 
have done for to-day. I now want to hear what you have to say To us. 
We hope you will tell us all you have heard Since you left us, and give us 
your Advice, as you know all our concerns better than we do ourselves. 
A string of beads. The above Talk, was Delivered by the Hanging Man 
in Publick Convention, in Chota, the 24th March, 1787 to Joseph Martin, 
&c., &c. 

their lands 

March 26th JOSEPH Nevill 

Hardy Encloses his Bond to the Masters of William and Mary College as Co. 
county Surveyor to Gov. Randolph, with request for the commission. 

March 26th Alex'd'r Barnett, Co. Lieut., to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 


Russell The eight Day of the present month, the indians made an attempt 

county QQ Cassles woods, on Ginch, and killed a woman and Two Childring and 

attack made their Escape in Such a manner that they Cou'd not be followed 

Castle's with any certainty. The Inhabitants along bur Frontier is scrupilous of a 

Troublesome season after the woods Git green with Leaves, and have 

ap'ly'd to me to order out spies, or some other way for their safety. On 

my Part I know not what to Do in it. The militia Law is silent in it as 

Extent of ^^ spies or Look-outs in that sort, and wish, sir, to be instructed by you 

frontier to how to Direct in it I have a very Extensive frontier to consider for, at 

^^ Least one hundred and fourty or fifty miles in Length from Montgomery 

Line to the Distent End in Powal's Valley, and not more than fifteen miles 

inhabited in the wedth at the widest place, others not more than Ten or 

Twelve, or about that mention, and nearly all parts of it Exposed to the 


Ravage of the Enemy in time of the indian ware. My Request is, that 1787. 
your Honour may consider our situation and order something by way of March 36th 
spies for our safety. And please to point out in your instructions to me the 

allowed p*r Day, and what the payment will be made in, for spies 

or Look-outs. 

Col. Jos. Neyill to Gov'r Randolph. March 27th 

He is much in want of money to pay off the Expenses of the cutting Hardy 
the Road which was to be cut by this State and the State of Maryland "^^ 

over the All^^ania mountain. The agent for the State of Maryland had over the 

furnished his quota, but on account of the irregularities in the collecting mQ^E^-Jl 
the Taxes, for which he had received warrants, endorsed by the Treasurer, 
he had been disappointed in procuring the necessary funds. 

Wm. Rose, Keep. P. Jail, March 28th 

Giving number of Prisoners confined, reports three tried and convicted of Richmond 
Felony as having Prayed and obtained their Clergy, were burnt in the 
Hand in open C't, and as a feuther condition for their offence were sen- 
tenced to one year's imprisonment without bail. 

John Bondfield to the Governor of Virginia, March 30th 

Enclosing Invoice, Inspector's certificate, and Bill of Lading for sixty- Bordeaux 
three cases of arms, shipped by order of Thos. Jefferson, Esq'r., on ac- 
count of the State of Virginia,. p*r ship Sally, bound to Dumfries, or any 
other port more convenient to the arsenal. 

David Ross to Gov. Randolph, March 30th 

In reply, declining to part from his Fee simple Estate in the Property at Richmond 
Point of Fork, that Port being in the heart of his Estate. He is, however, 
willing to accommodate the Publick with sufficient ground upon lease and 
upon reasonable terms. In pursuance of an Order of the Executive of the 
19th Dec., 1785, and after havii^ informed Gov. Henry of his intention, he 
had gone to Point of Fork and laid off ten acres of land around the build- 
ii^, being sufficient for gardens, &c., and fifty acres additional for pas- 
turage, &c., for the use of the State, but as no one attended under the 
authority of the Executive, no determination had ever been reached in 
the matter. Calls attention to his claims still standing against the State. 


1787. M. OsTER, French Consul (in French) to Governor Randolph, 

April ist Applying for an order from the Executive to prevent the departure for 
Williams- France of M. S. Deschamps, a Debtor to Le S'r Benjamin Dessenis, who 
burg is also a French citizen. His consular powers afford no protection to M. 
Benj. Dessenis. 

April 2d Ed. Carrington to Gov. Randolph*. 

New York * * ^ I lament exceedingly the situation into which our 

Effect of Trade is thrown under the late Laws. It will occasion a diminution of 

-^*® ^^^" the Revenue, which we are in no condition to bear. This drcuoEistance 

commerce evinces the impossibility of managing the Trade of America by State 

^^ ^^ Arranirements, and necessity of vesting the foederal Head with full au- 
country o » ^ o^ 

thority over that and every Interest of like general nature. Until this b 
the case, State schemes will be pursued with surreptitious views against 
each other, which must eventually destroy a source of Revenue that 
might be immensely valuable to the whole Union, and every effort pro- 
hibiting of foreign articles will also be vain. ♦ :|e « 
The Resolutions upon the proposed Convention between the States of 
Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania have been laid before Congress and 
referred to a Committee, who have reported favourably. * * 

* * The House of Assembly of New York have passed an Act 
to authorize the Delegates of that State in Congress to accede to, ratify 
and confirm the Independence and Sovereignty of Vermont, and it is un- 
derstood that it will pass the Senate and Council of revision. * * 

* * It is suggested that there may arise a difficulty upon the 
point of participation in the public burthen heretofore incurred. 

By some late acts of Rhode Island it appears that the current of mad- 
ness in that State has not yet completed its course. The Assembly have 
decided, by a majority of upwards of twenty, not to send deputies to the 
Convention, and by the same majority they have declined to aid the State 
of Massachusetts in apprehending the Insurgents who have taken refuge 
amongst them. 

I have the honor to be, with due respect, 

'Your Excellende's 

most obed't serv't, &c., &c. 

April loth Wm. Ronald to the Executive, 

Powhatan Praying relief of Mr. Josiah Smith, late Collector of taxes of that county, 
county Every reputable man in the county would testify that Mr. Smith had been 
diligent and faithful in the discharge of his duties, that he had not specu- 
lated in the public monies, as was too common amongst the Sheri& and 


Collectors, But that bis fiulure to pay in the taxes was due to the poverty 1787. 
of the people of that county who had always cheerfully done their duty to April loth 
the Country. Their crops of wheat, on which they had chiefly depended, 
had failed three years consecutively, leaving them scarcely enough for 
seed, and until the last crop of Tobacco should come into market they 
could not find relief. 

William Lewis, Searcher, April loth 

Informs the Governor he cannot longer remain in office on the salary of Fredericks- 
;^5o, he being prohibited thereby from being concerned in Trade of any "^' ^' 

Ed. Carrington to Gov. Randolph, April 12th 

Informing him that Congress had, the day before, appointed Mr. John New York 
Pierce, late Paymaster-General, to succeed Mr. Fox as Commissioner for 
settlements of the Illinois accounts and the expences incurred by Virginia 
in subduing the British and other posts in the northwest, that territory hav- 
ing been ceded by her to the United States, out of which to form new 

Col. Sam*l Hopkins to the Governor, April 12th 

Complaining of the hasty and unwarranted action of the Co. Court in Mecklen- 
their late recommendations of field officers for the militia. The greatest county 
disgust excited in the community. He encloses letters from other promi- Indignation 
nent citizens of like nature. One from Col. Lewis Burwell, who refers acti1>n of the 
particularly to one Johnson, put upon the list of recommendations, and court in 
says of him : " unless he can be removed we shall lose the services of 'ine^^ffiJ.e'Js " 
some of our best officers." In addition to other reasons that can be given &c 
for removing Johnson, He and Roger Grigory, both magistrates, and 
Johnson, a nominal Lt.-Colonel, stood by and see Wm. Hunt, S'n'r, father 
of Presley, tear down and curse the Gov'r's proclamation, and treat both 
that 'and the young Gentleman that set it up with the greatest indignity. 
These two men, I say, stood by and never say'd one word. 

Ed. Carrington to Gov. Randolph, April 13th 

In reference to the resignation of Mr. Fox and appointment of Mr. Pierce 
as his successor, to arrange the accounts of Virginia with the U. States. 
The latter, distinguished for his abilities and integrity. The reduced state 
of the Treasury had necessitated the discharge of all the Troops enlisted 
under the act of Oct., 1786, except twp companies of Artillery, one to be 




1787. stationed at Springfield, Mass., and another at West Point This meas- 
April 13th ure was most unpalatable to the disbanded Troops, but there was no alter- 
native, especially as the Government was greatly in arrears to those sta- 
tioned on the Ohio, nor have we a prospect of pajring them; He adds : 
** The February packet, of his most Christian majesty, arrived here last 
Monday morning from Havre de Grace. Colo. Franks, the bearer of the 
public dispatches from Paris, informs that before the sailing of the Packet, 
accounts were received at Havre of the death of the Count Vergennes. 
Our letters from Mr. Jefferson mentions his indisposition, and that it occa- 
sioned great anxiety." 

His most Christian Majesty has adopted the measure of a general con- 
vention upon the national concerns. The meeting of the Notables was 
to have been on the 29th January, but was put off to the 7th or 8th 
February. * * ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Our Friend, the Marquis de la Fayette, was originally placed on the 
list, aferwards his name disappeared, but was finally reinstated. It seems 
his education in the American School draws on him the jealous Eye of 
some whose principles are more assimilated to their own despotic Govern- 
ment He has, however, the &vorable disposition of the King and the 
good will of the people. He is the youngest man upon the list of nota- 
bles except one, whose office placed him there. This is a distinction no 
less honorable and flattering to us than to him, 

Mr. Jefferson observes that the Tumults in America have not produced 
these unfavourable effects upon the public opinion in Europe which might 
have been expected ; on the contrary, the small effect they had, and the 
interposition of the people on the side of government, have given an ad- 
ditional confidence in the firmness of our Governments. 

He encloses papers'*' containing a speech of a Mr. Harrison against the 
Vermont Bill, or rather in behalf of non-residents who held lands there, 
and one of Col. Hamilton's in answer thereto. 

April 14th 

Col. John Harvie to the ExEcurrvE, 

Presenting his Bill of £$0, for the rent of a House used as the Land 
office for one year. 

April 14th 



state of 

things in 


and Indian 


Col. Benj. Logan, County Lieut., to Gov. Randolph. 

May it PUase Your Excellency : 

I take Liberty to inform you of the situation of this Destrict on Indian 
Af&irs since I left Richmond. Before I got to Kentucky the Cherikie In- 
diens had kiU'd men at deiferent places and stole Horses fi^m the inhabi- 
tants of Lincoln. A party of our men had followed thes Indians and 

* Not found. 


took their horses and killed the Indiens. Then seventy men set out un- lyS?- 
der the Command of Colo. John Logan and followed the Indian trails. In April 14th 
less than forty Miles firom where the Indians destroyed thirty-four people 
last October, our men came on there camps where the had hunted apear- 
ingly all the &1L The followed and overtook the Indiens, kill'd seven and 
wounded others. I hear since, by the way of Carolina, that only two out Retaliatioo 
of fifteen got home. I also hear it is well known in a neighborhood in South 
Carolina, where General Pickens trades with the Cherikies, that them In- 
diens did the damage in the Wilderness, and took a number of the horses 
and property into Chekemagie. I have been furder inform'd by prisoners P^^'^jp^ 
come from the shawnies, one which was exchanged for, and one which quarters 
Ran away, that the Cherikies took ten prisoners, of which was taken on the 
Road, to the Shaney Country and put them all to Death. Damages are 
frequendy done on defierent quarters in this Country, but I can not be 
certain what nation does it of late. 

I have been lady inform*d that a private Recommendation has been Commis- 
made by Colo. George Mutter, Judge of the destrict court, and Harvey ^*charge of ^ 
Innes, Attorney-General of said Court, for four Gendemen to be commis- Indian 
sioned by Congress to transact Indian affairs in the Destrict of Kentuckey. ^ '^ 
If this be the case, as I have Reason to beleave it is, I can not help re- 
marking the partiality of these men ; for Colo. Mutter has spoake to me 
since and said if I did not go to meet the Shawnies no Buisness could be 
done by any other person with that Nation. Mr. Innes has made per- r d t 
sonal aplication to me, and Express'd himself that no ten men in Ken- of Mr. Innes 
tuckey would answer as good a purpose to treat with the Shawnies as I 
wood, but the did not know I had knowledge the had made such Re- 
commendation to your Excellency when the solicited me to do the Buis- 
ness. Mr. Innes has made an offer of his service to me as Clark, if I will 
meet the Indians. I do expect that is the place he expects from those he 
has Recommended. I beleave I could prove the Recommendation was 
made, and I am sure I can prove Mr. Innes solicited me to do the Buis- 
ness. But not withstanding these litde twists can be made by Indeviduals 
and Gendemen of Destinktion, let there Reasons Either be self Intrust or 
prejudice, it shall not have that effect on me to neglect any Matter Rela- Nece^ty 
tive to Public Buisness, wherein the Intrust of Kentuckey is so much de- something 
pending. I confess I am gready at a loss how to proceed with that na- to protect 
tion on the present Oction, as I have no Instructions from Your Excel- I^^o^^^ky 
lency or from Congress, but it apears there is a needcessaty for something 
to be done, and the Indiens have sent measpeach which I have answer' d, 
and the people in general wishes me to transact the Buisness at present, 
which I intend to do to the best of my judgment, hoping Your Excel- 
lency will take such measures as will best answer the Public in General 
concerning Indien afiairs. It would give me Pleasure at any time only to 
hear what Your Excellency and Council would either Derect or Advise 
us to do for our own safly. 

A Court Martid was held on the 20 of March in the County of Nelson, 



1787- on Colo's Magary, Patterson and Trotter. I was call'd on as a witness, 

April 14th and was there. Each party Endeavored to dear themselves by making 

'^. Y^^^^ apear the Acted by my Orders, and had near Ei^ht Hundred men to 

for trial of chuse such Witnesses as best Answer' d their purpose. I think I got some 

Colonel side Blows from some of the Witnesses which took umbridge at me on 

Patters^ ^^ Expedetion which I had no Opertunity to defend. I expect their £v- 

and Trotter idence stands on the proceedings of the 0>urt Martid. If it tends to my 

Prejudice on a fair hearing, I am able to justify my conduct before any 

Court of Justice on earth. 

I am Your Excellency's 

Most Ob't and Humble Serv't, &c., &c. 

April 15th Col. Arthur Campbeel to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 


A favourable crisis seems to have arrived to extend the authority of 
the United States to the Westward, and in ai\ espedal manner the Trade 
of Virginia. 
Toboca, the Toboka, a prindpal chdf of the Chocta nation is on his way to New 
Indian Chief York to pay a visit to Congress, and to accderate the engagements of the 
late commissioners at Seneca to have a post established on the Tenasee near 
the Muscle Shoals, in order that his people and the Chicasas may be sup- 
plied from thence with merchandise. 
Importance I am well persuaded that if the attachment of these two powerful Tribes 
of securing ^,^ y^^ secured, it will have more influence to fadlitate the navigation of 
tion of the the Mississippi than all the efforts and threats the Kentuckey people can 
Mississippi niake use of for years to come. It will draw large sums in hard dollars 
into Virginia, and vast quantities of rich Furs, besides it will operate pow- 
erfully to restrain the predatory excursions of the Creek Indians and 

Impressed with the importance of the subject, and viewing matters in 

the light I do, I could hesitate to advise the conductor, Capt Wood, to 

bringfne^he change his intended route through the Agusta Valley and to go by the 

Indians way of Richmond. This may exalt the Indian king's notions of the power 

Ru:hmond ^^^ opulence of our country, and point out the facility of supplying the 

Southern Indians with goods by the way of James river and the Tenasee. 

Since forwarding your Excellency's late dispatches, I am told Dr. White 

is returned to Newbern, being discouraged in Georgia from attempting 

his intended tour through the Country of the Southern Indians. And 

that Colo. Martin is in Georgia, being about to remove his family into that 


Our resort seems now to be in having your Excdlency's message deliv- 

Indian agent ^^^ ^"^ explained by another hand, and to amuse the Indians with the 

great things that wiU be done on Toboka's and Capt. Wood's return. 

I am, hon'ble sir, your most obedient Serv't, &c 


P. S. — Since writing the above I have seen the* ordinance of the United 1787. 
States for the Regulation of Indian Affairs. And it is much to be lamented April 15th 
that the Superintendant for the Southern District has failed in his tour 
thrdugh the Indian Country. He would have discovered that somewhere 
on the Tenasee would be the proper place of his residence ; and that it 
may be principally attributed to the villianous Traders, living in the Indian 
Towns, that predatory excursions are excited. A proof which some of 
the property of the unfortunate femily's last October, in the Wilderness, 
have been lately bought by white Traders in the Cherokee old Towns. 

Your feelings of humanity will excuse the length of this postscript. It 
is an interesting subject, and will be earuesdy plead and insisted on by the 
Kentucky people for their violent and improper reprisals. 

Ed. Carrington to Gov'r Randolph, in Reply. April i6th 

* * * We shall do ourselves the honor to lay before New York 

Congress all the intelligence you have been pleased to transmit respecting 
the Cherokee Indians, as the best excuse for the steps you have pursued. 
It is certainly the duty of the Indian Agent to correspond with the Gov- 
ernors of the different States in cases where they may respectively be 
concerned, and I cannot account for the neglect of Doctor White, within 
whose destrict the Cherokees are, in the present instance, except that his 
time and attention have been engrossed by the more Southern nations, 
whose hostilities upon the Frontier of Georgia more especially occasioned 
his appointment We shall take care to call the attention of Congress to 
this circumstance. 

I have the Honor to be, with great respect, &c, &c. 

John Watts to John Randolph. April i6th 

The number of men ordered to be recruited for the Troop of Cavalry Winchester 
obtained. Having received no instructions from Gen'l Knox relative to Troop of 
the dothing. Horses, and accoutrements, he take the liberty of addressing Cavalry 
his Excellency on the subject He has no money to pay or clothe them, 
and the sick had needed attention. The littie attention paid them had 
been cruel indeed, but as every exertion has been made by the officers to 
obtain the full complement of men, he flatters himself they are such as 
will not reflect Discredit on their country or officers. 

♦ Passed August 7th, 1786, 


1787. L. Wood, J'n'r, Solicitor, to Gov. Randolph. 

April 17th Enclosing memorial of Mr. Geo. Robertson, late sheriff of Chesterfield, 

Failure Paying for relief, he being liable for defidency in the collections of Taxes 

^h *^ff ^^^^ ^"^ '^^' '^^^ f^^^ extent of country, scattereS inhabitants, and 

to collect great poverty and unwillingness of the people to purchase distrained 

the taxes property, the unavoidable causes of his &ilure. 

April 17th To his Excellency y Edmund Randolph, Esq,^ 

and the HotCbUy the Council of State : 

Gloucester * The petition of the Inhabitants of the County of Gloucester humbly 
county sheweth, that during the late War with Great Britain your petitioner's situ- 
condition ^tion was such that it was with difficulty they could support their families, 
of the coun- and entirely out of their power to lay up money for future exigencies,* as 
and after^he ^^ paper money, at the dose of the war, was reduced to be of no value, 
war Little or no Tobacco could be made in the county for many years before. 
The lands a long time all cleared and worn out Stocks of cattle much 
reduced by a Distemper which raged among them for several years. At 
the seige of York and Gloucester Town numbers were taken to support 
the armies. The few left was again much reduced by the severe winter of 
1784. Under these circumstances your petitioners found it impossible to 
support themselves by the cultivation of Tobo., which added to the great 
scarcity of com, for two or three years since the war, render it out of your 
Petitioners' power to pay such heavy taxes, as at present they are loaded 
with, without selling Lands or Negroes. This your Petitioners would not 
Ship-build- hesitate to do, wou'd they fetch near their value. Ship-building, which 
ing. &c employed at least four hundred of the Inhabitants, formerly brought in 
the County a little money, and, indeed, was the only article that did bring 
in any cash, now entirely at a stand. The carpenters, upon this stag- 
nation of that business, betook themselves to getting lumber, which they 
transported to Norfolk, where they got not more than three-fourths of 
what it used to sell for, and that in goods at least 25 or 30 p'r c't more 
than the cash price. But, alass ! that resource is over — timber exhausted- 
trade so cramped that there is no demand for the little that is now got. It 
is with great regret your petitioners find themselves short of that happi- 
ness, ease and plenty, so much Boasted of upon an establishment of our 
Independence and peace, yet we flatter ourselves spme future day will 
bring these blessings upon us or our posterity. But what will it avail if, 
before that happy period arrives, your Petitioners shou'd be reduced to 

* Signed by one hundred citizens, among whom appear the names of Parrott, 
Wise, Hodges, Jones, Glen, Hudgin, Iveson, Clopton, Curtis, Tabb, Bromley, 
Bassett, King. Kemp, Robins, Blake, Foster, Carter, Cary, Morris, Gregory, Yeat- 
man, Fleming, Evans, Gwyn and others. 



all the miseries and evils of Poverty. No better prospect at present pre- 1787. 
sents itself, and the time must soon arrive unless soon a speedy relief April 17th 
We beg leave to say no people has the Interest of their country more Patriotism 
at heart. Did not your petitioners shew it thro' out the war? Can any ^^^^unn^^^^ 
people, situated as your petitioners, boast of so few having Joined the the war 
enimy, or exerted themselves more in their country's cause? We, your 
Petitioners, therefore hope that your Excellency and the Hon'ble Board 
will take into consideration our distressed situation and ^ant us such 
relief as to your Excellency and the Hon'ble Council may think meet, 
and your petitioners are in duty ever bound to pray. 

Capt. Jno. Peyton to Col. T. Meriwether, 

Expressing his surprise at the subject-matter of Mr. Jouett's letter to ye 
Executive, in regard to the arms and powder sent out to Kentucky from 
Point of Fork. He had been informed that the powder was indifferent, 
and of course was not benefited by the long transportation. The arms 
were equal to any at the Post, having been put in good order, tho' some- 
what rusted by being kept in a building inadequate to their perfect pre- 
servation. Capt. Geo. Rice certifies that the 500 stand of arms removed 
by him from Point of Fork to Redstone, were part American, made at 
Hunter's works, and part English, Dutch and French, and were originally 
of good quality ; had been well repaired and fitted with Ramrods and 
Bayonets ; became rusty on the way out. He had informed Mr. Jouett 
he could not be well informed on this subject, or he would not have given 
so rash an opinion. 

April 19th 



of the arms 

sent to 






Petition of Jonathan Patteson, * , ^ 

■' April 23d 

Late Sheriff of that County for relief against Judgement of the Gen' I 
Court for Interest and damages as delinquent in collecting the taxes of county 
1784. This not caused by his neglect or speculation in the public monies, 
but by the extreme poverty of the people, &c. 

L. Wood, J' n'r, Solicitor, 

April 23d 



Enclosing to the Governor receipts from the clerks of the several coun- nectary to 
ties for the Acts of Assembly sent out by his Riders in February, with distribute 
amount of Expenses incurred thereby, &c. A^mblv^ 



A|#nl 4M^ M l^tHni '^T Fork di^dotef the icrflowing fiurts. In every instamoe disorder 

I tHHiiiUm 1^*:vmU. Armn Arranged for service want repairs. Some of the salted 

ttfiUti h/ri \Hit(m$ iiffensive that the men complained, and it was thrown away. The 

ylnM " filUMkeis in no res|>ect assorted ; many of the powder barrds without heads, 

mh\ many not more than half full. The match b in the same room with 

ihtt powder. Iron ball in there also. Not a lock upon any door fit for 

uiie, (iun locks in a heap, without care. Cartridge-boxes spoilt, bemg 

liuilillt^d to|{ether in a barrel. Many gun-barrels eaten up by rust, so that 

ImyonetH Imd to be made of them. There is a dark room, in which there 

HODniH to bo a mixture of everything. In short, I find that I went to be a 

wtlnDMH of conAmion, which the Sup't promises to have removed by my 

return (timw l*lill*a, when I purpose to visit the establishment again, for at 

pr^riu nothing more can be done than to see indigested piles of military 


Aim (1 4M^\ Resolution 

\\\ K'\^\^\v^ \^\M\\\\\\^ ihr iMTivilfi^ of free postage to the members of the Conven- 
\i\w\ \\\ \x)fm\\Mt in Thibidelphia oo the second Monday in May next 

A^^fc^l A^vil V'kanv^w PifcKSTOx TO Got. Raxoolfh. 

MvvM^sww^' • • « Si»c^ my aurTi>rad ia this c oMOtr y many murders 

I \ \\^M^V> ^y^^ t<vtt sxmk^tt^vl bY tbrt^ Ittfv&owv ;ftad Terr great appearance of a trou- 
b^Mi^^aH^ :iuuuik^. TW (>f\^»tif oik tte* KcoctC&iers ue omkIi ahnned* and I 
ihuodkll li^vvuu (bm^ vMeti4iMjiw$ $MtiiC!OtK dve iaunNfiofie tnfiecposKCkxi of Gov- 
^UMK*^ Ui ^^4v^r^ uxNXcftWtfry. V.>ft Stturdj&r bsc chg e vb a fcunOy 
ukvisk^wt sN> V^liuc^, <X t^i << t<w 9».Y it^ i( juppcseii cbejr will be cootcntcd 
>kntk \,hih tiH^sij^, Ih^c ^Jbily 9A{^<<t .iaxitar :ffl:Qk!e iron dkeoiL 


vuitAiya I iavv* -^v^'i^^^i >«>ai ^^vtntr ':>y O:>io. WcigjoKr. widt che sam 

^ >i\(> ..v\>a»KJK TvHM *Jic t>tjk4&4ii>. I '4M» '4iiac!^uittntisil with, the sma 

iMiuPv4 A ..VpuiiCsK ruui in; 4Uf^<ui Suue^ 'hi^ jTQH^ DiaQBtce a^ some 


of them, gnd the probability that we may be obliged to wait many days lyBy* 
before a full meeting can be obtained, we may, perhaps, be much longer April 23d 
from Home than I at first expected. I will, therefore, accept your very 
obliging offer of getting the Ball'c of the sum of ;^ioo (viz't ;^4o), in- 
vested for me in Philadelphia Bank notes, or good notes on Mr. Robert 
Morris, either of which, I presume, will be equal to cash in the city of 
Philadelphia, and you will do me the Favour to bring them up with you. 
Whatever remains more than our allowance of six Dollars per Day, shall 
be punctually returned to the Treasury. I think to set out time enough 
to spend a Day or two in Annapolis, in order to have a little conversation 
with some of the Maryland Deputys on the Subject of the Convention, 
and if the weather proves fine to cross the Bay there ; otherwise to go 
thro' Baltimore. I expect to have the pleasure of seeing you at Gunston 
Hall on your way, and if you will do me the Favour to let me know at 
what time to expect you, I will regulate my movements accordingly. 
I am, with the greatest Regard and Esteem, dear Sir, 

Your most ob*t Serv't, &c., &c. 

Affidavit of Thomas Debnam, April 24th 

Made before Thos. Tabb, Justice of the Peace, that he had seen a young Gloucester 
negro man, about 18 years of age. under a good character, and very likely, county 
sell for nineteen pounds seven shillings, and that he was considered worth value 
one hundred pounds. He was sold at auction by the sheriff. public sale 

Affidavit of John Harwood, April 24th 

Keeper of the Jail of s'd County, made before Henry Southall and John Charies City 
Colgin magistrates, that Irby Phillips, a Prisoner, &c., was, by force and county 
arms, rescued and taken thence by Persons unknown on the night of the 
17th December, 1786. 

E. Langham to Col. Meriwether. April 26th 

In accordance with instruction with the Executive, he had advertised Point of 
for and concluded contracts for supplying that Post with rations. The ^^''^ 
lowest rate proposed was 7d. p'r ration when no spirits, and 8^d. with 
spirits, to be beg^n May ist The salt Beef being spoiled he was forced 
to begin the purchase of meat. It now rested with the Executive to de- 
cide as to the price of the rations offered, and give him orders accordingly. 
He had begun to get Timber ready for the arsenal, and expected to begin 
to raise stone on Monday morning. The timber is from a piece of timber 
land he had pucbased to prevent Mr. Ross from asking an unreasonable 




1787. price for his. He endoses a platt of 9 Acres of Land as laid of to the 
April 26th best advantag^e for ye necessary buildings. It is not mathematically tme, 
it not being in his power to procure Instruments in the neighborhood with 
which to make an accurate drawing. A public n^;ro had run away and 
was supposed to be near Fort ChizelL He should secure him if possible. 
To sell him would be encouraging others to take his steps. He had re- 
ceived four loads of the French arms, and paid for carriage 45 shillings 
each. Has ordered up the other load. 

April 27th 

Com. Jas. Barron to Governor Randolph, 

Richmond In reply to instructions sent him respecting the government of the State 
Boats. The surgeon was employed (with the approbation of the Execu- 
Thc boats tive) at ;^6o the year — the medicine to be furnished him by the Publick, 
and ^ which has not been the Case. A Surgeon employed occasionally would 
Patriot have cost a much larger Sum P'r year, at the rate they generally charge. 
The Pilots are employed at 4s. PV Day. The Pilot's Time of the Liberty 
expires on the 3d of August, 1787— that of the Patriot on the 19th No- 
vember, 1787. Those I had before were very indifferent ones, but would 
serve no longer for that Pay than 'till the Expiration of their Time, find> 
ing it more advantageous going in a Pilot Boat I wish, if agreeable to 
your Excellency, that the Liberty's Journal may be returned on the 15th 
of the month in our Quarterly Returns, the Time of most of her Crew 
being out early in May. I think it absolutely necessary that the Liberty 
have some Repairs on her upper Works on her Return from the Head of 
the Bay before the reinlistment of three men, whose Times will be out at 
that Time. If your Excellency approves of the matter I can be pro- 
viding the materiab during her absence. 
I have the Honor to be, Sir, 

With great respect, 

Your Excellency's most ob.Serv't, &c., &c. 

April 27th 



N. Carolina 

Fear of 
war, &c 

Evan Shelby to Brig. Gen'l Russell. 

Dear General: 

Nothing but Real necessity and the dreadftiD Apprehen- 
sion of an Intestine War Induces me to Correspond with You on that 
Head, the Leniant and Concilliating Measures of the General Assembly 
of No. Carolina being Treated with the utmost Contempt The new State 
party are now Falling on the Gvill Officers of the Government, with men 
in arms, and wresting their property from them Forceably and Contrary 


to Law. Their Assembly have Also set, Rattified and Confirm'd Sun- 1787. 
dery Acts, one of which, doubtless Virginia, must share in its Conse- April 27th 
quences. They Opened an Office for the Lands from French Broad Lawless 
River to Tinnise River, being the Lands Reserved to the Indians By ^oAhe 
the General Assembly of No.- Carolina to them and their heirs for Ever, citizens of 
They are Forceably Takeing possession of the Same, and Setling in View ^ state 
of their Towns. This Cannot faile bringing On the Resentment of the 
Indians, and Involve us in A War with them, which Your Frontiers must 
share in its dreadful! Consequences. This I should think Highly Neces- 
sary to Be Made known to the Executive of Virginia. I am Now Under 
the Fullest Apprehension of Ingaging in an Intestine War, in Conse- 
quence of which have made Application to Government for Assistance. 
Those Unprovoked Insurrections Seem to have A Tendency, If possable, 
to dissolve even the Very Bands of the Federal Union. I am not Cer- 
tain that I may not be under the disagreeable Necessity of makeing a 
Verry Speedey Application to You for Assistance, Should Not the 
Troops from our Own State Arrive in Time to Releive us. I therefore 
Hope you will, as a Member of the Union and a Lover of Your Country, 
Lend Every possable Aid and Assistance to Releive us, and hold Your 
Self in Readiness for the Same. Haveing the Fullest Confidence in Your 
Patriotism, Your Vallure and good Conduct, I Submit the Same to Your 
Mature Consideration. 

I am. Sir, With Real Esteeme, 

Your Most ob't and Most Humble Serv't, &c., &c. 

Memorial of Sir John Peyton, April 27th 

Late sheriff of Gloucester County, for the years 1782 and '83 to the Richmond 

Executive, praying a suspension of the Judgement of the General Court 

against him as delinquent, until he can proceed, according to Law, against ^^ -f^^" 

his Deputies, who had neglected or failed to Collect the Revenue under 

the Several Acts of the Gen'l Assembly, &c. Not a Shilling of the Public 

Money had ever passed through his hands. He was ready to make oath 

that he had never speculated in State securities, or used the money of the 

State in any way whatever. Unless protected from the effects of the 

Judgements aforesaid, he and his family would be reduced to abject 



1787. Wm. Custis to Gov. Randolph. 

Ai>ril 39th Mr. Muse» the Naval Officer at Urbanna, iriio b acquainted with all 
Middlesex the harbors in the District of Yeocomico. had inlbrmed him there was a 
great deal of illicit trade carried on at Indian Creek* Cone and Wicomico 
SiiiUK||:liiiK Rivers ; that on thb account Northumberian Court House was the only 
place where the Searcher shook! reside to guard these and the port of 
Yeocomico. Hb brother, therefore* desires to be aDowed to reside at 
that place* there being no other house at Yeooomioo but the office of the 
Collector* and he being thereby better enabled to protect the public inte- 
rests. Should this application be received bvorabiy* an opportunity 
would be afiorded by Abram* the Post to West Point* whence any instruc- 
tioos would reach htoL 


RichmoiKl Oiiering a reward of fifty dollars each Ibr the cfiscovery and ap prehension 
Pr^Klania- of the armed men who« on the ijdi De c e m ber, had r e scu ed oertain crimi- 
tioii ;i^ainst q^ g^om the Jail of Charles City Ca. and calling upon all good citizens 
Qt the Commonwealth to assist* occ.» remembeni^ that sodi an outrage* if 
perpetrated with impunity* wilL eventually expose their property to the 
plunder of Ruffians* and sacriike their happiness to the wkiced views of 
the friends of disorder. He is so deeply i mp re sse d with the necessity of 
the most a»nive exertions on such occasions, that as often as they shall 
happen the guilty shall be cottsigned to the utmost rigour allowed by law. 


CcnuniiiL- To Settle Claims of Viiginia against die United States to the Executive 
^giilk^^ The officefs under who^se direction the statements had been made be fiocfe 
have Qousideced Arms* Ammunition* Waggons and Horses as a Specific 
Supply. Upon inspecting the Resoludons and Acts ot Congress he finds 
several rdadug to arms* but do Requisitions ibr any stated onmber. nor 
price affixed. The journals silent also js regards wagonsw ^te. He, there- 
tore, desires ttirtber instructious in view ot' these tets;. 



Col. Levi Todd to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 

Afay it PUase Your Excellency : 

I embrace an opportunity by the bearer of giving information that 
the Indians continue to Harrass the Inhabitants of this and the neighbour- 
ing Counties in this District. In the course of the last and the present 
month several murders have been committed in this county by them. A 
Son of Gen'l Scott, and a labouring man in Company with him, were a 
few days ago killed. The Settlements in Jefferson, East of the Bear- 
grass Waters, are wholly removed ; the lower. end of Mercer is also gone, 
which makes the frontier of this County extensive. For three months 
past I have had guards and Scouts out to protect those in the greatest 
Danger ; never less than 50 men on duty at one Time, and frequently 100. 
The Inhabitants on the Frontier, with some little assistance given by the 
benevolent, by the way of subscriptions, have procured Supplies, as our 
Law does not invest the officers of Counties with authority (or prepare 
funds for them) to procure by any other means without Orders from your 
Excellency. Some Shawneys are at Limestone. The exchange of 
prisoners is going on, tho' they bring them in slowly, and a few at a 
Time. I beleive a door is open now to bring about a lasting peace with 
that nation. I think they might be prevailed upon to move near us, and 
depend upon us for the necessaries of Life. A few Volunteers are pre- 
paring to start the 25th Inst, to visit a party of Chickamoggies on Scioto, 
near or at the mouth of paint Creek. The Arms and Powder sent for 
the use of this District was left at Limestone by Order of a Board of Offi- 
cers. I was directed to have it conveyed to Lexington. * * 
Mr. Jouitt informed the money given to him was nearly if not wholly ex- 
pended. We complain much that the Legislative Body have tied the 
Hands of the Kentucky people in such a manner as to prevent our lifting 
Anns against those who daily invade us, at the Time they authorize Offi- 
cers, when their County is invaded, to Order forth Militia, and have im- 
posed fines on delinquents sufficient to compel obedience. We are not 
told how supplies may be procured. Impressments may be deemed 
illegal. No funds to purchase, and he who fears the fine that might be 
levied will take care to carry no provisions, knowing he must in con- 
sequence thereof be discharged. 

The Return called for by Your Excellency I shall be able to procure a few 
days hence and send by the next conveyance, tho' I would observe that 
the Law passed in 1784, for regulating the Militia, was never considered 
in force in this District Information was made us by our del^^ates that 
it was suspended by the Governor's orders. The officers never con- 
sidered themselves as reduced by this Law and never ceased acdng. 
I have the Honor to be, with every 

Sentiment of Esteem, 
Your most obedient and very Humble Serv't &c., &c. 




by the 


condition of 



1787. T. Meriwether to the Governor. 
April 50th I ^in this moment informed that the Executive have considered a de- 
lay in noticing their order of the instant as disrespectful to them. 

Respect Altho* I am conscious that I never have offended them intentionally, yet 
Executive ^ think it a duty I owe to myself, as well as the Board, to endeavour to re- 
move even the appearance of disrespect. 

Makes explanation of his apparent neglect to reply to the Execu- 
tive as occasioned by hurry and pressure of business. Mr. Blair had not 
sent the order for several days after its passage. He had replied to the 
verbal message sent from the Executive by Capt. Coleman, who unfortu- 
nately mistook its import, &c. Thus concludes : " I now, sir, claim the 
protection of the Board. I entreat their influence as an act of Justice in 
removing a malevolent report that has gone forth to the world, and is in- 
dustriously circulated, that I have insulted the Board, such an offence be- 
ing of magnitude, the report may operate to the injury of my character, 
which I value more than life. 

I am, sir, with the sincerest Respect, 

y'r Excellencjr's most obe't, h'ble Serv't, &c., &c. 

April 30th P. Carrington, Pet. Lyons, Wm. Fleming, and Henry Tazewell, 

Judges of the Gen'l Court, enclose to the Executive a calendre of crimi- 
nals convicted and sentenced at the April term of s'd Court, with recom- 
mendations to Executive clemency in certain cases, &c. 

April 30th David Shepherd, Co. Lieutenant, to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 

Dear Sir : 
Ohio county Three Days past I Received an Express from Fishing Creek that 

Indian out- the Indians had Taken a Boy prisoner, and that several Guns was heard 
rages in ^lX the plantation of one Sims, upon which I ordered a party of the militia 
hela to go Down and see what was done. They returned in three Days and 
Informed me that the Indians had kiled Sims, his wife, and one of his chil- 
dren, and three more taken prisoners. They Likewise saw several Trails 
of Indians that had crossed the River with Horses, and the small tracts 
of a number of children and others, which we expect to be prisoners from 
Monongohale County. The number of Indians appeared to be about Forty. 
This Being the Third time they have Visited us this Spring, I thought 
it my Duty to Inform you that unless we Got some Relief the most of the 
County will be left Desolate, as we have neither arms nor ammunition to 
Defend ourselves ; and for us to stand, in order to be a Convincing proof to 
the Continent of an Indian war, is a situation not very agreeable. I, there- 
fore, hope such Relief may be Given as the pressent Circumstance will 
Require. I am, Sir, with Respect, 

your Humbl. Servant, &c., &c. 



^J. Ambler, Treasurer, 


Enclosing to the Execative acootint of the Tobacco received at the April 30th 
Treasury in part of the Revenue Taxes of 1786, from March 23d to 
April 26di, indosive: 







Princp George. 









Cumberland .. . 


James City 








Essex. .» 



Chesterfield . . . 














• • • 












6. i 

3. I 

8. i 



















* • • 


• • « « 








28 •• 




























• • • 


• • • • 










26 • 


24 •• 

374- 8. 2. 

352. 17. loi. 

359. 5. 9. 

39. 6. 8. 

63. 7. 2. 

28. 14. 6. 

44. 12. — 

248. 8. — 

14- 13. 5. 

44. 12. 9. 

^63. 10. 3}. 




13. I. 9. 

9a 9. — 

285. 8. — 

26. 14. — 

13. 18. — 

26. 17. II. 

77. 6. 6. I 

26. 16. 6. 

169. 2. 9. 

46. 17. 9. 

271.171 13,525.19. 2. 


£. S. d. 

Growth of 


price, &c., m 

specie in the 













26 *• 















26 •• 















28 *• 















































































28 •• 


















Crop.... /3.525-I9-2. ^ 

Transfer 748. 9. 2>i. 

Applied to Tax on Slaves by the Sheriflfs /^4,274. 8. 4^. 

* This document is valuable, as showing the changes that have occurred since 
this date in the tobacco-growing region. Loudon and Fauquier Counties rivalling 
the Counties of Halifax and Caroline in quantity and quality of the Staple as 
shown by the price. It is to be observed also that James City paid in only fifty- 
five pounds. 



1787. Renewed PEtmoNS 

Sherifis' From many of the sheiifi of counties already recorded, praying for re- 

P^.^.*^"^^*" lief from judgements sued out by the Solicitor-General, Leighton Wood, 

J'n'r, Esq., accompanied by certificates, showing the efforts made by the 

officers of the Law to collect the dues from the people. The latter formed 

People combinations to defeat the coercive measures adopted by the sherifl^ to 

unable to collect delinquent taxes. Personal property of all kinds was seized by the 

&c ' latter and exposed to public sale for cash and on one month's time, but no 

purchaser's could be found, not a bid having been ever made. 

Among the articles seized by the sherifi are to be found the following : 
n^joes, horses, beds, cows, funiture, guns, wheat, flax, carpenter's tools, 

The petition of Sir John Peyton, sheriff of Gloucester County, is par- 
ticularly worthy of notice, as setting forth from such authority the condi- 
tion of the people, and because be therein states the sacrifices made by 
himself in having adopted the cause of the Colonies, although his private 
interests would have been greatly advanced had he adhered to the side of 
the loyalists. 
Spotsylva- Negro slave condemned to death by hanging for the crime of Burglary, 
nia county j^^ having broken into the meat house of Robert Spilsbe Coleman, and 
stolen therefrom six pieces of Bacon, of the value of Three pounds ten 
shillings, &c. This slave was valued at one hundred and ten pounds cur- 
rent money. Recommended to the Governor and Council as a proper 
object of mercy. 


Petersburg Acknowledging receipt of his appointment as one of the Commissioners 
Trade to establish a basis of trade with Maryland and Virginia. Mr. Wro. 

Vi^niaTnd ^^"^^ ^"^ Mr.* St. George Tucker; the other Commissioners, Regards the 
Maryland scheme of a separate arrangement or regulation with these two States as 
not feasible or expedient Some system of a general nature should per- 
vade the whole Confederation, the necessity of which, he thinks, will be- 
come apparent to the approaching Convention of the States. The conse- 
quence of such a plan would be to cement together their interests and 
bind them more closely together. He is willing, however, to concur in 
the recommendation of the Assembly, should it be considered productive 
of advantage. 

May 2d Certain Proposed Alterations in the Public Jail 

Richmond Referred to the consideration of Mr. Rich'd Adams, Rob't Mitchell, Dr. 
Foushee, Rob't Boyd, and Dr. Leiper. 


Wm. Gibb Encloses to the Governor 1787. 

An impression of his seal of office, and hopes it will be approved. The May 4th 
late act of assembly requires the naval office to be removed to the Court Onancock, 
House, and that all naval officers shall reside at the place where the office Accomac 
is kept. There are two ports of entry, one at Matompkin, on the Sea, and 
Onancock, on the bay. He lives at the latter place, and as fifty pounds a 
year, hb salary, is not an object with him, unless he can be allowed to 
continue to live at Onancock, a healthy place, he will be forced to resign, 


L. Wood, J*r., Solicitor, May 4th 

Desires instructions from the Executive as to whether Interest shall be 
allowed in the claim of Mons. Beaumarchais, &c. 

LeIGHTON AVoOD, J*n'R., May 7th 

Encloses to the Hon. Bev. Randolph, Lieut. -Governor, a Statement of 
the Foreign Creditors, &c., and the Dividend due to each. 

H. Gary Lee, J'n'r, to Gov. Ed. Randolph. May 7th 


In conformity to the usage of the delegation, I had the honor to ad- New York 
dress the executive eight days past, since which period nothing interest- 
ing has occurred. 

Public business of every sort progresses lento pede^ owing to the ir- 
regular representation in Congress ; or, in other words, to the radical in- Inadequacy 
adequacy of the government to its objects. Government 

We are now flattered with the prospect of nine states, which rare event 
we will not &il to use in bringing into view the meeting of commercial 
commissioners deputed by the States of Virginia and Maryland. The 
report of the death of the Count de Vergennes is just confirmed by let- 
ters from Mr. Jefferson. This celebrated statesman is succeeded by the 
Marquis of Montmoris, a particular friend and coadjutor of the departed 
premier, which precludes the probability of change in the political system 
of France. 

I have the honor to be, 

With due consideration and respect. 

Your most ob't serv*t 





Hudson Muse, Naval Officer, to the Governor, 

May 8th Requesting instructions in regard to the duties of his office ; particularly 
Urbanna desiring to know whether certain articles [sugar and snuff )y manu&c- 
tured in other States are exempt from duty, &c. 

May 8th 

Leighton Wood, JVr, to Lieut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph, 

Solicitor's Giving reasons why he cannot have prepared for publication a statement 

office ^£ ^j^^ Revenue and Expenditures — the great multiplicity of business in 

his office, with the want of proper assistance, being the cause thereof, &c. 

May 8th 

Negro Slaves 

Westmore- Tried and condemned to death by hanging, for the crime of Burglary. 

land county Richard Henry Lee, the Presiding Justice of the Co. Court. The Court 

unanimously recommend the two negroes to the mercy of the Executive. 


Norfolk Requesting instructions as to what he shall do in the cases of vesseb 
coming in from sea and anchoring off Sewell's Point, when they can dis- 
charge their cargoes without his knowledge. Also desiring to know how 
low down Elizabeth River the Port of Norfolk extends, &c. 

May 8th 

T. Meriwether's Official Duties. 

Richmond All Orders from the Executive upon Military matters issue through his 
Office, and are recorded in it. Letters on military and other subjects 
originate there when particularly ordered by the Executive. 

All vouchers for recruits raised during the late war, by County Lieu- 
tenants and Recruiting Officers, are lodged in this Office, and a certifi • 
cate is granted to the County Lieutenant or Officer who lodges them, 
that gives him a credit with the Auditor in the settlement of his Accompt. 

Commissions to Militia Officers are filled up and Registered. The 
Register notes the name and rank of the Officer, the date of his commis- 
sion, and the period from whence he takes rank. Resignations of Field 
Officers are also registered. 

Returns from the County Lieutenants of their Militias, Arms and Ac- 
coutrements, are digested into one General Return and Registered. The 
delinquencies of the Militia Officers are reported monthly to the Execu- 



tive. Few of the Officers who were reinstated, having (and am informed) 
qualified to their Commissions, are required by the Militia Law of the 
last Assembly, and the general deranged state of the Militia will occasion 
the issuing of a great number of Commissions during the current year. 

All military claims to Land Warrants are investigated ; certificates 
issue for the legal allowance, and the documents are filed in the Office. 
A Register is kept, expressive of the name of the claimant, his rank, the 
Corps he served in, the term of service, and date of the Certificate. 

Certificates (duplicate) are issued to Pensioners, and are Registered. 
The Register contains the name of the Pensioner, his rank, the Corps in 
which he served, the County in which he resides, his age, the date of his 
Certificate, the period at which the pension commences, and the sum 

The several Quarterly Returns of the Superintendent, at the Point of 
Fork, are examined with the vouchers attending them, and report made 
thereon to the Executive. A Regular correspondence is kept up with 
the Superintendent, agreeable to the order of the Executive. Whenever 
the Executive requires it, T. M. is to visit the Post, and muster the Guard 
and Artificers, and report thereof to the Board. 

Claims of Officers and Soldiers, to depreciation of pay. are examined 
and certified to the Auditor. Accompts, heretofore settled, are scru- 
tinized, and, when found fraudulent, the persons on whose behalf they are 
settled, are called upon to refund, agreeable to the Law in that case pro« 
vided. When they fail to refund, they are reported to the Executive for 

Various extra business (I call it Extra, because I conceive it did not 
appertain to the War Office), has been referred to T. M., which he has 
always transacted with alacrity. At present an Accompt of this nature is 
before him, the liquidation of which will require several days. It is the 
acco't of the late manager of the Public Rope-walk. 

May 8th 

Samuel J. Cabell, 
County Lieutenant at this date, Comm. June, 1784. 

May 8th 


George Muter to Col. Benj. Logan, 

May loth 

Co. Lieut, of Lincoln, Ky., informing him that the Committee had de- Danville, Ky 
dined writing to the Cherokees, because they had no legal authority, and 
because they are unknown to the Indians. But they think a Letter from 
Col. Logan will have weight with the Chei&, because they know that he 
is the Commanding Officer in this Dbtrict 


ifiyj. Register of the Schoojier Guzzie, 

May ijth Eig^hty tons bartben, andbuik atGloooesler, Va, 1786. Owned by WiDs 
Cowper, &C. 

May i2th L. WooD, J'kX 

SolkiujrS Informs the LieuL -Governor be is about prqnring DOtioes to die 
'^ '^^ in regard to the Taxes of 1786, and as tbe /Aiders will get off oo tcAis- 
day following, he desires an Order on tbe Auditor for fifty pounds to pay 
their traveling expenses. 


Soutliamp- Makes return of the Militia of that County, viz : One R^riment of Mili- 
tia, which has sixteen companies ; also officers for a light company. Re- 
quests the Executive to furnish copies o( Baron Steuben's instructions, 
as he knows of but two copies in the County. 

May 13th Case of a Slave, Roger, 

Piusylvatiia Tried for attempting to poison certain persons, and condenmed to suffer 
<:ouiity Jeath by hanging. Petition to the Executive for a repreive, and counter 
{>etition setting forth the bad character of the Slave. He had once been 
punished by the Co. Court for criminal offences, in 1782, by being burnt 
in the hand, and required to stand in the Pilory one quarter of an hour 
with both Ears nailed to the Same, and then one Ear let loose. After 
which, taken down and conveyed to the common whipping post, and 
then received Thirty-nine Lashes on his bare back, well laid on, &c. 
This negro had frequently been tried for the crime of poisoning, in Din- 
widdle Co., during the preceding twenty years ; and it was generally be- 
lielieved by respectable persons that he had poisoned 18 or 20 slaves 
belonging to one person, including some of his own children. 



[ellrrson The distressed situation of this Part of the State, which has been 

Kentucky gradually increasing for three years past, is now arrived to such a Point 

us to make farther Temporizing of any kind with the Indians Inevitable 

Destruction. More than half the County is already Depopulated. Num- 


bers have been massacred. As many as four killed, two missing, and one 1787- 
Dangerously wounded, the last week, besides a number of Horses taken May i6th 
off. Those people who have been unable to move out of the county are 
Collected in Forts, so that it is entirely out pf their Power to Raise any 
Thing for the support of their families. These are Facts which I think it 
my Duty to make your Excellency Acquainted with, and the more so, as 
I am informed that Gen'l Buder, the Indian Agent for Congress, has told 
you in the Gazette that most of the Tribes are Pacifically Inclined. 
Whilst I contradict this Publication, permit me to t)escend A litde to 
Particulars with your Excellency. Bartlett Searcy, a man who has spent 
a great part of his time with the Shawanese, was out with a party, a few 
days ago, and fired upon by a Party of Indians, whom he heard dis- 
dncdy speak to and Encourage each other in the Shawanese Tongue. 
The Day after he was Attacked by a second Party, consisting of about 
Thirty, who spoke a Language he did not understand. In this skirmish 
he lost four men — two killed, two taken, and one wounded. Three only 
got in safe — his Party (having been separated the day before) consisting 
at that time only of Eight. This is a Demonstration to your Excellency 
that at least tWo Tribes are hostile ; but the Fact is, that all the Indians 
liveing on the Wabash are united with the Shawanese in an Active Offen- 
sive war against the country, and that the County of Jefferson, which, 
from the situation, is most exposed, must be Entirely Destroyed, without 
the most prompt and Decided Exertions on the Part of Government. 
This state of affairs. Distressing as it may be, is rendered still more so 
from a want of unanimity among ourselves ; for at the moment I am writing, 
when we have the .undeniable Testimony that the Shawanese are united 
with the Wabash Indians in most of the mischief done in this Quarter, a 
kind of Mock Treaty is holding with them at Limestone for Exchange of 
Prisoners, makeing Peace, &c. , &c., under the auspices of Colo. Logan, 
and some others, by what authority I suppose they Best know. What Im- 
pression the Irregularity of this proceeding may have upon the minds of 
the more thinking Part of the Community, I submitt to your Excellency. 
When they see one or more Individuals take upon themselves with Im- 
punity to Enter into Treaty with a Hostile nation, will they not conclude 
that we have no Government at all, and that the Salvation of the District 
Depends upon Erecting one as soon as possible ? That it may not have 
this tendency is the sincere wish of him who has*the Honour to be, with 
the greatest Respect, 

Your Excellency's most Obedient humble Servant. 

N. B. — As there is no money in my hands arising from militia fines, the 
Bearer of this must depend upon Your Excellency for his wages, which 
the Act of Assembly directs to be paid out of the Contingent Fund. A 
Dollar a Day until he returns, with a reasonable allowance for expences, 
is, I think, litde enough for passing the Wilderness twice. 





Sir : 
May 17th On the Twenty-sixth day of March I arriv'd at Limestone with the 

Kentucky, Publick stores, on my way to the mouth of Dick's River, whar I was or- 
™5J?f.y der*d, but found at Limestone orders from a Council to Deposite all the 
Publick Property at that Place. I did sow, but had the first plan been 
carried into Execution it would have been much ^ter for this Country, 

I have the Honour to stand Elected to serve in the Assembly this year. 
* * * * We are like to have a very Troublesome 

summer. Gen'l Scott lost his second son, murdered by the Indians as he 
was fishing, and one man more, just, by the Genl's House. I hope you 
will excuse interlining. I have not one more inch of paper. 

I have the Honour to be, &c., &c. 

May 17th Col. Benj. Logan to Gov. Randolph, by Colo. James Knox. 





Afay it Please your Excellency. 

You will find by the inclosed Letter and Resolves the sence of the 
Inhabetents of Kentuckey Relative to the Cherokee Indiens. I have 
wrote to that nation agreeable to said Resolves, and would be thankfull to 
hear your sentements on that ocation. Part of the Checkomagies are now 
living on a Branch of Sioto, over the Ohio, and is continualy doing Dam- 
age on our Frontiers, as we are informed by the Shawonies, who are now 
at Limestone, in Burbone County. The have Elxchanged for ten of there 
Prisoners, and hath wrote me the will Exchange for the whole. Soon 
afler this date the mention the Principle Cheiff will come in at the next 
Exchange, and wishes I would meet them there. Mr. Harry Innes and 
my self has concluded to meet them, and have give them that notice. I 
am at a lose to know there intention ; it may be sincere, or only to keep up 
a correspondence till the get there People that we have Prisoners. I 
would have seen the Indiens before now, but, by accident, I have, for some 
time, been Lame, and I live one hundred miles from Limestone. Part of 
the Shawnies may be doing damage while the others are amongst us in a 
friendly maner. This matter is desputed among the People. I think it 
uncertain. There is no doubt but the Western Indiens is at war. There 
has so many different accounts come from the Opost, and the repeated 
Injuries and murders the are almost every day guilty of in some part of 
the Destrict, is too tedious and out of my Power to give a perticeler ac- 

* Doubtless the same Capt J. Jouitt who, six years before this date, by his 
activity and vigilance, saved Mr. Jefferson and the Legislature at Charlottesville 
from Tarleton's Dragoons. 



count of. It appears to me nothing will put a stop to the western Indiens 1787- 
but carrying a Body of troops into there country. For my own part I May 17th 
have been almost silent in regard of the Indiens for some time, Rather 
giving way to some Gendemen who would wish to be Populer, but I find 
as well as they that it is out of there power to do a great deal. It is now 
evident that some person ought to exert themselves. I intend to use my 
influence against the Western Indiens, and have hopes to succeed. At 
DefTerent times I have requested the County Lieutenents to meet, agree- 
able to your instrucdons, to conclude on a place to deposite the Arms 
and Ammunition Allotted for our Country, but through misfortune 
or Indelence it hath fell through. I have made the third apointment, and 
I beleave will get the Business accomplished, as I understand the most of 
the men ordered on duty will meet to-morrow, according to apointment, 
in Order to bring the Lead from the Block House. The Desorders in 
DefTerent Elections for the General Assembly in this Destrict is Alarming, 
and I make no Doubpt but you will be informed of the Perticeler Circum- 
stances by many. 

I am Your Excellency's 

most obed't and Humble Serv't 

Col. Benj. Logan to Colo. A. Campbell (Extract). May i8th 

I am obliged to you for your intelligence concerning the Cherokees. I St. Asaph 
would only inform you it was by pure accident it fell on the Old Town 
Indiens, for it is impossible to distinguish them from the Chickomagies, 
but their misfortune was not altogether unmerited, as they had two Horses 
in their possession, taken but a short time before from our people, and two 
Indians of the same party was killed some short time before on our 
frontiers actually attempting to steal Horses. Also the whole party made 
their Hunt in less than 40 miles of the place where our unfortunate peo- 
ple were murdered in the wilderness last October. I have had information 
from diflerent capdves, which can be depended on, that the Chickomagies 
took ten prisoners to the Shawanese Country and there put them to 


Signed, BEN. LOGAN. 

Danville, May 19th, 1787. 

Our country is much infested by the savages, and I do expect that sev- 
eral Expeditions will be carried on this summer to different parts. I saw 
your letter to Colo. Ben. Logan about the excursion in February last 
from this country. It was not intended against the upper Cherokees, but 
very deservedly fell upon them, for they had a valuable mare of mine and 
a Horse of a Mr. Blaine's, which were retaken. 



1787. Alex. Barnett to Gov. Edmund Randolph. 

May 19th No invasion from the savages since that of the 8th March last, an acount 
Russell of which had already been given. Tracks of suspicious persons have 
county been noticed in many parts of the county, but they may be merely horse 
theives. Should they be Indians, it is evidence of their intention to inflict 
a serious blow upon their frontier. The new militia Law is utterly use- 
less, in as much as it does nothing but authorize scouting parties, which 
become cautionary signals to the enemy. A vbit from the Indians may 
be expected about the middle of September, it having, heretofore, been 
their habit to make attacks about the tenth of March and of the former 
month. The last information is that John Inglishe's fiunily, killed ia-Cas- 
sel's woods, on Qinch, in March last, were scalped, and that their sculps 
were carried into one of the Towns on Highwascy. The greatest damages 
sustained are generally from the Cherokees. The people call for scouts, 
only two to go together, as the country being mountainous a greater 
number leads to discovery. He thinks it will be necessary to send an ex- 
pedition into the Cherokee country before any security can be found 
against a cruel and active enemy. On this account he earnestly hopes 
his Excellency will send out such instructions as will enable them to de- 
fend themselves against the merciless and Inhumaine Cruelty of a Barbe- 
rous enemy. 

May 20th Arthur Lee to the Governor of Va. 

Dear Sir : 

New York The situation of Virginia with regard to the portion of the Domes- 

tic debt of the Union gives me much uneasiness. While some States 
have collected upon very easy terms the whole of their quota, and others 
are secretly effecting the same object, Virginia, I apprehend, will delay 
her exertions till the business cannot be accomplished but with infinite 
difRcuIty, and at double or treble expence. 

The large quantities of public securities w'ch are locked up in the 
Treasuries of several states ; the purchases continually making by other 
states, and by companies formed for speculating in Western Lands ; the 
arrangements making by the treasury-board for calling in some millions, 
and the sources of issuing them being gready diminished, must very ma- 
terially reduce the quantity at market, give more hope of their redemption, 
and consequendy increase their price. If, added to this, the proceedings 
of the present Convention should impress the public with an expectation of 
a firmer federal government, and that Congress will be furnished with the 
means of more effectually paying the interest of the debt, in all human 
probability the price of public securities will then rise rapidly and greatly. 
In that case the State will not be able to purchase her quota but on these 
increased terms ; or if she should lay a tax payable in public securities 
her citizens will be obliged to bear the burthen by purchasing from those 

I % 


of other States on the same onerous terms. For our fellow-citizens do 
not appear to be possessed but of a very small portion of these securities. 
I communicate, Sir, these things to you, that if the Executive should 
have it in their power to apply any monies to the purchase of public se- 
curities for the State, they may judge of the propriety of doing it speedily 
and secretly. If it must be deferred till the next General Assembly, the 
loss of the State will be inevitable. 

I have the honor to be, 

With very great esteem, 

Y'r Excellency's most obed't Serv't. 


May 20th 

J. Dixon, Public Printer, to the Governor. 

May 2ist 


I will have 1500 Copies of the Act to repeal the Act for incorpo- Richmond 
rating the Protestant Episcopal Church, and for other purposes, printed 
immediately and distributed as your honorable board have directed. 
The sheet which contained that Act was composed in Mr. Davis' office, 
examined by Mr. Beckley, and worked off at our Press. From this in- 
formation the Executive will know how to determine. 

I am, most respectfully. Sir, 

Your most obed't Serv't 

Alex. Henderson to the Lieutenant-Governor, 

May 22d 

Informing him of the arrival at Quantico the day before, the ship Sally, Dumfries 
from Bordeaux, bringing sixty odd chests of arms for the State, &c., &c. 

Edmund Randolph to Lieut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph. 

I b^ leave to enclose a letter received yesterday from Dr. Lee 
concerning the public securities. I do not undertake to decide on the 
propriety of pursuing or rejecting the advice, but only submit its contents 
to your deliberation. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect 

towards yourself and the rest of the members of the Board, 

Yr, mo. ob't serv't 


May 24th 





Wm. Gibb to the Governor, 

May 24th Recommending the appointment of another Searcher for that district, in 
Accomack view of the facility with which small vessels, by reason of the extent of 
Naval office coast and the number of small creeks, avoid the scrutiny of the present 
officer and get their cargoes in. 

May 24th 


David Shepherd, County Lieutenant, to the Gov. of Va. 


Since my last to your Excellency, the Indians have killed and taken 
a family on Wheeling ; they killed three, and have taken two, which were 
all, except a woman, that escaped much wounded. We are under great 
apprehensions of their Doing more mischei£ The Surveyors are very 
Loth to go to their Different Ranges. There is great sign of their cross- 
ing the Ohio. In consequence of that I have ordered out a small party 
of Militia to be stationed where the greatest Danger appears ; but our 
County being so situated that the whole may Be Call'd a frontier, the 
length being about seventy miles, and the greatest part in length not being 
more than six miles in Breadth, therefore it appears that it is necessary 
for every man to guard his own family, we being to remote.from any other 
County of our State that we cannot call on them for Assistance without 
your Excellency's special orders. As for Arms and Ammunition we are 
illy provided. Scarce one man in five has a gun. There is not one hun- 
dred weight of powder in the County. I have sent to Different parts, but 
none to be had. The victualling of the Militia is an object to be con- 
sidered, as the people In general have become Credulous, and Impressing 
is Very Disagreeable, &c. 

May 25th 

John Woods, Indian Interpreter, 

In behalf of himself, a Cheif of the Choctaw Indians, his Lady and a 
Chickasaw, on their way to the Congress of the United States, praying 
for aid from the Governor of Virginia, to enable them to continue their 
journey, &c., &c. 

May 27th Edmund Randolph to Hon. Bev. Randolph, Lieut.-Gov. of Va. 


Sir : 

The inclosed despatches from Mr. Short came to hand last night 
As they only contain a repetition of the stile in which the Marquis* bust 
was inaugurated, I should not have forwarded them by the mail had it 
not been for the facility of postage. 

I beg leave also to inclose a letter from Mr. Bondfield to Gen'l Wash- 
ington, who sent it to me this morning. I shall write to Mr. Alexander 



Henderson, of Dumfries, to attend to the Arms until you can forward the 
proper instructions. 

Seven States met on friday, appointed a committee to prepare rules, 
and adjourned 'till Monday. In four or five days we shall probably have 
every State represented, except Rhode Island, which has peremptorily 
refused to appoint deputies, and new Hampshire, of which we can hear 
nothing certain but her friendly temper towards the Union. I aught, how- 
ever, to add, that a respectable minority in R. Island are solicitous that 
their State should participate in the Convention. 

I have the honor. Sir, to be with great respect. 

To my worthy associates in the Executive, 

Y'r mo. ob. Serv't, &c., &c. 


May 27th 

A Survey 

May 27th 

Held in the State Boat, Liberty, with the view of repairing her, and the Hamoton, 
estimated cost thereof made at Sixty-five Pounds. ^ 

Col. Benj. Wilson 

Informs the Governor that the Co. Court has appointed Commissioners, 
devided the County into Districts, and the Comm'rs have proceeded to 
take in the taxable property, adds : " The Lands in Harrison has never 
yet been leagally Assessed. There is no Books for their Directions, and 
they are at a looss to conduct themselves." 

May 28th 


Sir : 

Colo. Benj. Wilson to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 

About the middle of Aprile the Indians made an Incursion in this 
County and Took away Eight horses, and on the eighth of this month 
killed and scalped one man and took away nine horses, which Incursion 
has put the Inhabitants in much fear, as they lay Exposed in a Direct line 
and Opesite the Enemy, and no Endeavors in their view made, Either by 
Congress or this State, to effect a peace with them. 

I have Ordered out Six Spies on the Fronteir, although, in my opinion, 
not less than Eight would be a number sufBciente. I can Discover no 
warrante in the Militia law for Spies or for their payments, and sure I am, 
if Spies is to be paid with Audited Certificate, it will be difficult to get 
Suitable men to Engage in that Business, and on good men alone De- 
pends the Safety of the householders and provision of their familys. 
* ***** In the absence of the County 

Lieutenant and my self, the Major apply' d to the Lieuten't of Hampshire 
for aid, and bdeives 25 of his malitia will be sent to the Relief of Harri- 
son, &€., &c. 

May 28th 



17^, Register of the Ship Queen of France, 

May 2r^h Banhen two bundred and fifty Toos. Wm. Covpcr, owner, built in 
1787, at Smithfiekl, in the County of ble of Wj^ht. 

May 29th Fines of From Five to Ten Pounds, 

Imposed upon individuals fiuUng to respond or appear in Court upon the 
summons of the Sheriff of the Counties, either as parties to suits or wit- 
ness, &c,, &c. 

May 31st Receipt of a Letter 

From Mons. Gdin, at CoMentz, on the Rhine, |o the Governor of Vir- 
ginia, making proposals to establish an interchai^ne of commerce between 
Virginia and the Province of Treves, based upon the value of Tobacco, of 
j^i. 2s. 3d. qualities, and at certain relative prices. (In French.) 

May 31st Samuel Coleman to the Lieutenant-Go v. of Virg'a, 

Kiclimond Enclosing lists of sales of Tobacco, with proper vouchers, &c., which had 
been damaged in Byrd's warehouse, destroyed by fire on January 8th, 
1787, and for which the State was thereby made liable to the owners of 
said tobacco. Sam'l Coleman had been appointed to sell the same and to 
pay persons for their services in rescuing from destruction the tobacco 
stored in the warehouse. 

Persons Fined 

May j:ourt, p^^ refusal to give into the sheriff a list of their personal and real estate 
county to "€ taxed, &c. 


Having died on or about the 15th of May, 1787, the Executive Council 
advertize that the place thereby vacated will be filled by appointment, to 
be made on the first Monday in June. Whereupon numerous applications 
are made for the ofiice by those who had served in the naval force of the 
Slate during the late war. Among them were Capt. Thos. Williams, 
Capt. Wm. Lewis, of Fredericksburg, Capt George Chamberlayne, Capt. 
Rich'd Taylor, Capt. Francis Bright, Capt Willis Wilson, Capt Thomas 
Lilly, Capt. Richard Barron, brother of the deceased, and Capt John Sin- 
clair. Testimonials recommending several of the above are given, by 
which it ap|>ear5 that Capt. Bright distinguished himself in the naval ser> 
\'\cc during the war. James Innes, who had himself been a captain in the 


navy, ceitiiic* to Us semoci, ins skOl as a seaman, and his thoroogh 1787. 
knowledge of the geogiai^y and nav^tioo of tbe Chesapeake, &c., June ad 
having been bom upon its waters. CapL Richard Barron seemed particn- 
laiiy entitled to the office, from lus havii^ once before &Ded to get it by 
not havii^ applied in time, henoe he now makes a^^caition before his 
brother's deioh, but opoo the aasmanoe of the medical men that he cannot 
po8«bly survive many days. CoL Joaah Parker recommends Capt. John 
Sinclair, formerly a CapL in the State navy, and among the first who took 
prizes firom our adversaries, who was also soooessftil by his Privateer, and 
received die particolar confidence of die Marqnis de la Fayette, and was 
charged with dispatches with him to the Frendi Fleet at Rhode Island on 
a particular occasion, wdl known to all those deeply interested in the late 

Leighton Wood, J'k., Jane 4th 

Encloses to the Lieut. -Governor his daim for extra services rendered the Richnioiid 
State in setding various important dsums and in providing proper forms 
for the use of naval officers. 

John Hudson writes to Hon. Bev. Randolph, Lieutenant- June 6th 


Drawing his attention to the defenceless State of that part of the Coun- Portsmouth^ 
try ; not a Militia Officer having qualified under the last Act of the Legis- 
lature. The people of the Town, however, desire to establish a Company. 

Edmund Randolph to Lieutenant-Gov. Bev. Randolph. June 6th 


The prospect of a very long scjoumment here has determined me to Philadelphia 

bring up my £miily. They will want about thirty pounds for the expense 
of travdling. The Executive will therefore oblige me by directing a war- 
rant in my £ivor, to be delivered to Mrs. R. for that amount My account 
stands thus: 

1787. Dr. With the CommMth. 

May 2d — ^To cash received. ;£ioa 00. 

57- 12. 

£ 42. 8. now in my hands. 
1787. Cr. 

June 6 — By attending from the 6th of May to this jday (both 
inclusive), 32 days, at 6 dols. per day, which amount 
to 192 d's, and are equal to £sT. 12s. 


1787. Twenty-three or four days more will ovemm this som, and will have 

June 6th elapsed before my family can arrive, so that I trust there wiD be no diffi- 
culty in the advance. 

Mr. Wythe has left 50;^ of his money to be distributed amoi^ such of 
his colleagues as should require it ^ * ^ ^ ^ 

We have every reason to expect harmony in the convention, altho* the 
currents of opinion are various. But no man can yet clivine in what form 
our efforts against the American crisis will ^>pear to the public eye. It 
win not be settled in its principles for perhaps some weeks hence. 

I am. Sir, with great respect 

Y'r mo. ob. Serv't, &c., &c. 

Jane 8th Henrt Lee, J'n'r. to Hon. Bev. Randolph. 


New York I have to ask pardon for my omisnon in writing last week, and now 

b^ leave to reply to your letters of the 19th and 28th of May. The 

first relates to the detention of the indents for '86 and '87. We feel very 

much distressed to know that our Country is groaning under injurys 

which we have no opportunity to attempt to rdeive her firom, the 

remedy being solely in Congress, and that body being for the present out 

of Session. The board of Treasury are merely executive, and dare not 

exercise the power of altering resolutions committed to their conduct. 

The scheme of indents originated for the purpose of enabling the pub- 
lic to discharge the'interest of the domestic debt, and is marked by three 
conditions which seem clearly to explain the natural operation and effect 
of this branch of the executive system, viz. : That indents shall be issued 
only to such State or States as may have passed the requisition pro- 
viding for its payment adequate funds — that the payment of indents shall 
be in proportion to the payment of Specie, and that they shall be receiv- 
able only in a discharge of the requisition of the year to which they were 

From the first condition it follows that indents cannot be issued to any 
State whose compliance with the requisition is not substantial and effec- 
tive. If then the Act of the Legislature of Virginia, passed in Her last 
Session is only a compliance in name, the board of treasury are bound to 
withhold the indents for the present year. 

If, on the contrary, the compliance is effective, the board has criminally 
neglected their duty and deeply injured the State, the Act of the Assem- 
bly has been laid before Congress, and will be the subject of their de- 
liberation as soon as they reassemble. Certain it is that our Country has 
been grossly injured, and that the injury is attributable either to the Le- 
gislature or to the board of treasury. 

The detention of the indents for the year '86, is authorized by the last 
of the three recited conditions for the receipt of indents issued on the re- 
quisitions of the 27th Sept, '85, is only admissible in payment of the 
taxes of that year and in the specified ballances stated in the resolve of 


1 2th Oct, of the same year, it being a fundamental principle of the revenue 
system that distinct appropriations shall be established for the redemption 
of indents issued on distinct requi^tions. 

The letter of the 28th respects the pay of the third commissioner, ap- 
pointed in conformity to the resolve of Congress for adjusting the claims 
of Virginia against the union for mone3rs expended and services performed 
in the conquest and protection c^ the western country. We oommuni* 
cated the purport of this ktt'r to the board of treasury, who, in compli- 
ance with our wishes, have been (deased to issue their order for two hun- 
dred doUais in £ivor of the commission, determining to unite with the State 
in advances of money to this officer, untill the design c^ Congress shall 
be had on the subject 

This we trust will prevent any interruption in the conduding a business 
which has already too long been n^ected. 
I have the honor to be, sir, 

with great respect and r^;ard your most ob*t 



Jane 8th 

Register of the Brigg Anna Maria, 

Virginia vessd, built at Qoucester, and of one hundred and Twenty Tons 

June nth 

Colo. Walter Crockett to the Governor, by J. Addair. Jane nth 


The Indians still continue their Hostilitys against the frontiers of 
Montgomery County, and have killed five persons in the course of the 
Spring, to-wit : two men and three women, and several has been seen in 
different parts on the frontiers, which has caused the greatest consterna- 
tion amongst the Inhabitants, that bdeives themsdves in dangers Imagi- 
nable. Several Familjrs have moved away, others is gathered to difierent 
stations, to defend themselves in the best manner they can untill they see 
what the event will turn to. If they continue the war, it is to be feared 
that great part of this County will move away before the summer is out 
I can't see by the Invasion law how the men can be kept out without 
the enemy would stay on the frontier, but that being not the case, for 
when they have killed a few they make their Escape home and other 
small parties comes out, which takes the people at surprise when they 
think there is the least dai^^er, and by that means the people never knows 
whoi they are safe« 

I am creditaUy informed by men from Cantuckey that a number of In- 
dian didfe of the Shawanese nation came to Dansville with white prisonefs 
and pretends to make a peace,and exchai^ their prisoners for those that 
Cdo. Logan took last &U. The Indians say that fifty of their warriorsand 



1787* eight Chickemogo Indians revolted from the rest of the nation and was 
June nth gone against the Inhabitants of Qynch and Bluestone, which appears to 
be probable, as they have killed the above number of persons in this 

There has been two Captains, with a proper number erf* officers, ordered 
out, and forty men rank and file to each. The men were taken by divi> 
sions from the interior parts of the County, and continued on duty 2oda3rs 
and one month. One company went down New River to the lower Set- 
tlements and to Bluestone in this County. The other to Qynch, to guard 
the Inhabitants untill they got their Spring crops put in. Therefore I 
looked upon it as my duty to inform your Excdlency thereof, that you 
might send to me such orders as you think proper, as also some directions 
about provisions in case of emergency. 

I have the Honour to be. Sir, 

with great respect, y'r mo. ob't Ser't. 

June 1 2th William Grayson, Delegate from Va., to Gov. Randolph. 

New York Your letter of the 2d Instant, inclosing the communications from 

Colo. Shelby, has been received and shall be laid before Congress as soon 
as a sufficient number of States shall have assembled, so as to enable them 
to proceed to public business. When this will be the case is altogether 
uncertain, many of the members of Congress are now attending at ye 
Convention, and some of the States have not sent del^^ates either to the 
one or the other. It is much to be lamented that the desire of dismem- 
bering States prevails in so great a degree among the citizens of the Union. 
If a doctrine of this sort is allowed, it will go directly to the destruction of 
all government, for if ye right exists in the first instance, it may be carried 
so far as to reduce a State to the size of a County or a parish. 

It was a great misfortune that the principle was not attacked in ye in- 
stance of Vermont. They might have been crushed in the banning, but 
they have been permitted in quietness to grow powerful and to fiumish a 
fatal example to the Union. 

There can be no doubt but the United States are bound to guaranty 
the limits of every State in the confederation. Their not interfering in 
the case alluded to has subjected them to great inconveniences already. 
A very considerable body of people, residents of Vermont, pay no taxes 
towards the support of the federal government, neither are they, in fact, a 
part of ye Union. They also furnish a comfortable asylum to all those 
who are disposed to fly from taxation in the others 

With respect to the State of N. Carolina, it must be acknowledged 
they have acted with the greatest imprudence. After having given up the 
country to the United States and the government to the people, they 
ought not afterwards, on ye reas^umption, to have expect^ 9 vglqntary 


obedience. I shall transmit a copy of your letter with the communications 1787. 
to our dd^ates in the Convention, although I believe they are already June i2tfa 
sufficiently impressed with the propriety of defining in the most accurate 
manner thdimits of the State, as well as of providing an adequate remedy 
for the suppression of evils of this sort. 

By letters finom Mr. Syms, in Kentucki, late a member of Congress for 
ye State of New Jersey, we are informed that the people at the Kaskas- 
ides and Post Vincent, are in the most unsetded situation. They com- 
friain, and in my opinion with great justice, that Congress, notwithstanding 
their frequent applications, has, ever since the cession of Virginia, suffered 
them to remain in a state of nature, with't law, government, or protection, 
and talk very strongly of becoming Spanish subjects. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, 

y'r most obed't Serv't 

CoL. T. Meriwether to the Lieutenant-Governor, June 12th 

Informing him of Colo. Newton's desire to mount four six-pounders at 
Norfolk instead of the two eighteen-pounders he was allowed to mount in 
March last ; also his request for as much damaged powder from the Pub- 
lic Magazine as will be sufficient to test the guns, &c. 

The Lieutenant Governor, Bev. Randolph, Esq., in Councu^ June 12th 

The Governor being absent, pardons a negro slave condemned to death 
by hanging for the crime of Burglary, and stealing goods to the amount 
€}( Five Pounds in money. 

Register of the Schooner Jane and Mary, jude 15th 

Of Hanover Town, in Virginia, of seventy-five tons burthen, built at 
KiogstoOf in Gloucester, in 1786, &c. 

Colo. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Randolph of Va. June i8th 

I have the pleasure to inform your Excellency that the ammunidon Washington 
that was lodged at the Block-house is safe arrived in Kentucky. Various county 
lepai t s were spread that 200 Indians firom the Creek and lower Cherokee 
Towns wookl attack the Guard when passing with the Lead through the 
Wildemeas. Some Creeks actually set out, but the influence of the upper 
OiaDkees prevented the march of any of their nation. Your Excd- 
leac/s letter to these People turned out to be a fortunate measure, for 



1787. only 50 men composed the Guard diat escorted the stores through the 
JunejSth Wilderness. 

I enclose extracts of letters from Mr. Innes and Colo. Benjamin Logan 
on the subject of the attack last February on a party of the upper Chero- 
kees. A recommendation of Militia Officers accompany these. The 
three Gendemen, first mentioned in the Order, are valuable Officers, and 
has formerly served as Captains, but unluckily did not comply with the 
late Act to qualify in time. * ♦ ♦ j hear Doctor 

White, the Superintendant, has lately been extremely ill-treated in the 
Creek Towns. I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most ob'd't Serv'nt. 

June 20th J. Parker to Lieutenant-Governor Randolph, 

Norfolk Sending returns of entries and clearances at that Port The business of 
Naval office his Office increasing so rappidly that his Clerks scarcely have time to 
take their meals, consequendy he finds it impossible to keep up the regu- 
lar reports of his monthly transactions in the manne required by law. 
His Qerks, being so pressed for time, are frequendy visited with insult by 
those demanding entries and clearances of their vessels or cargoes. On 
this account two of his best Officers, Mr. Bedinger and Mr. Gray, have 
decided to resign their positions. Indeed he, himself, had determined to 
give up the portion he occupies; but trusting that the next Legislature will 
afford him some aid, and being desirous to help an unfortunate friend 
(Mr. James Hunter, who has promised to assist him), he declines, for the 
present, to send up his resignation. Capt Maxwell renders essential ser- 
vice in undertaking to receive and deliver goods on deposite for the 
storage, the State having no public Warehouse for this purpose. The 
freight on the Arms received had been paid, and they will be delivered to 
the Officer of the State Boats on application. He is very much annoyed 
by persons at a distance writing, and consuming postage by demands for 
goods deposited for security of duties due on them ; but these applications 
are not regarded. 

June2ist Edmund Randolph to Lieut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph, 

Philadelphia Enclosing a complaint made by the consignee of a Dutch vessel, that the 
authorities of Virginia were demanding the extra tonnage imposed upon 
vessels alone belonging to nations with whom 00 Treaty of Commerce 
exists, whereas this ship was under the Flag of the United Netherlands, 
with whom such a Treaty had been made, &c. He hegs the matter be 
at once attended to by the Executive, and adds : " Mr. Wythe, before he 
left us, requested that the Executive might, if they thought proper, ap- 
point a successor to him. I informed him that I doubted whether, at this 
advanced stage of the business, they would be so inclined — especially, too, 
as there was a hope of his return ; but that I would moition the affair to 



Alex. Henderson 


Informs the Lieut.-Goveraor that Capt has taken only forty chests June 21st 

of the arms on his vessel ; twenty-three yet remain, &c. Dumfries 

J. Ambler, Treasurer, 

Reports the amount of Continental facilities remaining in the Treasurer 
on the i8th June, 1787, viz.: 

^^83,690. 2. iij<. 

Value of Tobacco rec'd for Revenue Taxes of 1786 ;^i3i936. 8. 5. 

Value of Transfer tobacco nett, paid in on acc't of 

tax on Slaves ;^i6,934. 19. 8. 

The price of this tobacco p'r cwt. averaged 24 shillings sterling or about 
six dollars fifty cents, gold. 

John Pierce, Esq'r. 

June 22d 

June 25th 

Endoses to the Executive a copy of list of goods furnished the officers Richmond 
and troops of Virginia in the Illinois, embracing a large assortment and 
variety, &c., amounting in the aggregate to Dolls. 52,495.4^, &c. 

Bond of Edward Jackson 

As Surveyor of Randolph County, commissioned such by the Governor 
of Virginia in the penalty of Two thousand Pounds lawfull money, &c. 

June 25th 

Wm. Grayson, Delegate, to Lieut.-Gov. Randolph. 

June 25th 

Sir : 

I have the honor of acknowledging your letter of June 6th, with the New York 
extracts of letters from the district of Kentucki and the proceedings of 
the Executive thereon, and I entirely concur with you on the propriety 
of the State's calling upon Congress either to exert the federal force in 
defence of her frontiers, or to enaUe her, at ye expence of ye Union, to 
defend her citizens in such manner as may be most likely to ensure suc- 
cess. The misfortune is that there is no Congress at present to whom the 
application can be made, and if there was, I doubt much whether there 
would be a disposition in that body to incur any great expence for the se- 
curity of an individual State. There are so many States who are pro- 
tected (by their situation) from the dq>redations of the Indians, that if we 

* '# 


jvKBge som tnsr omcnct. on GovBcnar nenry's appuidCiun. latt ycsr, cflt' 

Jane j5^ nent BKasiEns in this respect sec batrAr tio be expectecL Oil that qcca- 
SBoo, after everr exertxoa at t&e ddiegatuxL only two campoiDes were pro- 
<wii^gif. 2isu CDCJCL were cnreccecf br tbe Secrenrr ac War to act in toe de'- 
feuoive : and as o& Ae ^ i^ipiiifffiMP^ nmnfr' by tbe St^ffir. I <w.Hiiif vbetber 
a stBBmg wUl be aObveiL I sfaaH be bappy, faowever, to find ntyseif 

I bxwe use booor tD be 


June afth BosiD OF Wk. (kli; 

As na^al Oficer rOsOector of CostoiBs. &c: ) of cbat Diitrici. io tbe pen- 
ahy of Fi¥e tfaoosand Poondk uuicit xnooey of Va. 

Cato Moors. 

place, desires to know what the 

*■ salary is to be. The appocntment of sadi as officaer has gircn great of- 

fence to tbe people, who dircaten to resist tbe £aw, &c. The nomber of 
Fcnies on the Pococnac will make it necessary to appoint other Search- 
He therefere recommends that one be located at Martinsbnrg. 

Joneitidt El Laxgham to Tho& Meriwetkex. 

Point of In regard to surveyi ng tbe nine acres of Ixod belooging to David Ross. 
Fork 1^^ ii^ ^gj^ several times to tbe Connty Sonreyor, bat bad not succeeded 
in getting him. When CoL Mcr ri we th cr arrived at Point of Fork he had 
jnst left for Frederid^ Co. to engage Stone masons to pot np the public 
bnxkiingSL Upon reoeivuig hearsay from Mr. McDonald he sent <fircctions 
to him as to how the Land shookl be bid oC with tnstmctioos to get die 
Sorvejror there at once. Thb was done, but while that officer was going 
on with with the sorvey Bfr. Ross appeared at the Point and demanded 
his authority lor so doing, whereupon the smvey was suspen d e d until the 
matter cooki be re pr ese nted to the Executive. A jury is about to meet to 
vahie the aforesaid land, and as soon as this b done he will havea platt of 
the nine acres to carry down toRidimood for the inspection of the Board. 
The Executive wiD have to determine with Bfr. Ross in regard to inclu- 
ding the houses, &C., in the survey. His absence on Public business is 
excuse for apparent inattention to this matter. 

*Now known as Shepheidstown* in Jefferson Co, W. \liginia. 


James M. McCrea, Searcher, to Gov. Randolph. 1787. 

Sir : 

.A few days ago the Schooner Dart, Capt , arrived here from St. June 26th 

Kitt's and entered in Maryland, as sea vessek have usually done since the Alexandria, 
removal of the naval office from this place. Last night I had information 
of some Rum being privately Landed from on board the said Schooner 
in the night time, which Rum was never Enter'd in this State, in conse- 
quence of which I went on Board and made seizure of the vessel. Being 
weak handed I went on shore to collect more to assist in unmooring and 
bring the vessel to the wharf, but then Capt. the Resisted, and having arm'd 
himself and others with handspikes, &c., prevented me for some time 
taking possession of the vessel. The vessel being a second time put in 
my possession, I put three men on boad to secure her while I was pre- 
paring my information for the Judge Advocate for prosecution. During 
which time a number of persons, many of them belonging to this place, went 
on board and assisted the Captain to make sail, sending on shore two of 
my men, the other one'they have taken along with them. When the re- 
sistance was first made, I Endeavoured to get assistance, as the law directs, 
by summoning several persons for that purpose, which all refused, and 
appeared more ready to assist the Violators than the Executor of the 
Laws. Under these circumstances I was advised by Mr. Lee, our naval 
officer, to lay the matter before the Executive immediately, that they 
might, if they judged proper, order out one of the armed State vessels to 
endeavour to take her on the Bay or River if possible. The Vessell, when 
she made her escape, went up towards Geo. Town, where she had Enter'd, 
and if she makes any stay there the State Vessells will have an opportu- 
tunity of taking her. The difficulties attending seizures at this place will 
make the office of Searcher a very disagreeable one, if the officer is not 
better supported than heretofore. The County Lieutenant showed every 
disposition to assist, but nothing is yet done in Embodying the militia of 
this County. 

I have the Honor to be. Sir, with respect, 

your most ob't Serv't. 

Description of the Schooner Dart, of St. Kitts. 

Ab*t 80 or 90 Tons burthoi, two topmasts, standing foretopsail, long, 
hi^ Quarter Deck, yellow Sides, black Bends, and dark-coloured bot- 
tom. The Rum, &c., on board marked S. D. 

The owner of the boy Riding Express has engaged his being in Rich- 
mond on Thursday evening. 




Walter Crockett 

June 26th Certifies to his having received a Letter from the Governor and Council, 
^^^' dated i8th June, 1787, brought to him by James Addair, who rode Ex- 
county press from that county to Richmond in eight days, &c. 

June 26th 

James Innes, Attorney-Gen' l to the Governor, 

Giving his opinion that in as much as the law requires that all tobacco in- 
spected at Lynch's *Ferry, or the Point of Fork, should be deposited at 
Byrd's, Shockoe, Manchester, Rocky Ridge, or Rocketts warehouses be- 
fore exported, new manifests should be required therefor in case of revi- 
sion, but in case no revision occurs at the lower warehouses, the original 
manifest, countersigned by the Inspectors at the latter, should be regarded 
lawful and sufficient. 

June 27th Wm. Grayson, Delegate, to the Lieut. -Gov. of Virignia. 

New York 


Your letters of June 15th and i8th, with their inclosures, were re- 
ceived yesterday, and I have only to lament that there is not, at present, 
a Congress to whom the unhappy situation of the Western frontiers can 
be made known. In consequence of your former letter every step has 
been taken to procure a meeting of the States ; at present there are only 
at this place representations from Massachusets, New York, Jersey, 
Virg'a, and So. Carolina. As soon as a sufficient number of States shall 
have assembled, you may rely that every exertion will be made by the 
delegation to advance the wishes of the Executive. In the meantime your 
letter of June i8th, shall be laid before the Sec'y at War; e. /., as soon as 
he returns from Philad'a, and you shall, with't delay, be made acquainted 
with the result of our application. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, sir, 

y'r most obed. Serv't 

June 28th 



Col. Joseph Martin to Gov. Ed. Randolph, of Va. 

Before your Excellencie's favour of the 31st Jan'y last came to hand, 
I had set out for the Cherokee Country, and did not return to the Long 
Island, on Holston, before the i6th Instant, where I received the Letter en- 
closing the Silver medals, which I shall Deliver agreeable to your Excel- 
lende's request, and from the good treatment I hiave, for almost ten years, 
experienced from the Executive of Virginia, shall think m3rself under last- 

* Now the town of Lynchburg. 


ing obligations to that honorable body. And could I in future render any 1787. 
service to the State, should feel singular Pleasure in so doing, if apply'd June 28th 
to previous to any other Engagement. 

I have sent with this some Talks from the Cherokee cheifs, which I 
have promised to have delivered and bring Back an answer, which I think 
Very necessary at present. 

Before I take my Leave, I beg Liberty to lay Before your Excellency a 
True state of the Indian affairs. On the ist Instant I attended a Conven- 
tion of Indians composed of Creeks, Cherokees, Shonies, Nontries and 
Nottowagoes. The two Last lives near the Lakes, which could not be 
heard for want of an Interpreter. The Shonie, who accompanied them, 
had a very good Interpreter with him. The Convention was held on the 
Mobeal River, in a Cherokee Town call'd EastenoUey. After consulting 
until the 8th, they sent for me to the Town-House, where I saw them 
Exchange Beeds, &c., and Heard the Shonie Deliver his Embassie in the 
following manner: 

That he set out from his nation to Represent them, having full power 
given him by the Cheife of his nation for that purpose — that he was 
accompanied by Representatives of nineteen other different Tribes who 
was to meet in the Tackabatche, a Town in the Creek nation, immediately 
where they was to setde all their Business — that, on the way, it was agreed 
that those preasant should come and give the Cherokees notice to attend. 
The others went by way of the Muscle Shoals, and was to collect the 
Choctaws and Chickasaws — that a Cheif or two out of every Cherokee 
Town must attend, which they Readily agreed to. On the 9th I saw the 
Northwards and Cherokees set out for the Creek nation. 

I set out the same morning, and on the evening of the same Day 
Reach'd a Town, on a Fork of the same River, caird Calogio, where I 
fell in with a Spaniard, who took me to be a British Trader, who I did not 
undeceive. After much Conversation and Questions on Both sides he 
gave me the following Intelligence, To- wit : that he was Bom and Edu- 
cated in Madrid. Only six years he was to school in France. That, in 
the year 1781, he, in Company with Nineteen others, formed a Company 
to carry on a Trade with the Different Tribes of Indians ; that they took 
New Orieans in their way; that they went from thence to Detroit, where 
they purchased British goods very Cheap for ready Cash ; that they took 
them down the Wawbash River, sending Runners to the Different Tribes 
to come and get acquainted with them and Trade, which had the Desired 
afiect ; that they Beat slowly down the s'd River to the mouth, always 
having a number of Indians with them to Hunt for them and guard them 
from the Rebek ; that they moved up to the mouth of Tennessee, storing 
up part of their Goods some litde distance above the mouth of the River, 
and c6ntinued up s*d River to the Muscle Shoals, where they have made 
a stand ever since; that they have on hand Four large Houses ftdl of 
Goods there under the Direction of a Certain Captain Spanard; 
that there had been a French Company there also, but they understood 


1787. that Gen'l Clark had Hang'd six French men at the O'post for Encour- 
June 28th ageing the Indians to kill the Rebek ; that they went off, but Expects them 
back shortly ; that Boats are constantly passing up and down the river ; 
that he was Informed by a Letter from Capt Spanard that Don Galvis 
had sent Letters to all the Traders on the waters of the Massesippi to 
meet at the Chickasaw Landing on the 25th last month ; that there was 
to be an arm'd force there and 20 pieces of cannon, to build a Garrison 
before the rebels hears anything of the matter ; that all the Indians were 
to Join them ; that there was to be a great meeting of the Different Tribes 
in the Creek nation in the, of this summer, for that purpose; that he was 
very sure the Indians would all Join them, except the Cherokees and 
Chickasaws ; it being a Dispute with him whether they would or not My 
opinion is, that if the Cherokees are attended to, they will never Join in a 
War against America, unless the British was to land forces in America ; 
in case they should, they would most certainly Join — I mean those on the 
Mobeal River and the Chickamoggians. 

I set out for that quarter shortly to setde my afiairs. If your Excel- 
lency thinks proper to send any talks in Answer to those sent by the 
Indians I will Deliver them safe, &c. 

I am. Sir, with Very great Respect, 

Your Excellencie's most Humble 

and most obedient servant 

Indian Talks. 

Eastenolley, ye 8 June, 1787. 

A Talk Delevered by the King-Fisher, a Cherokee Cheif, to Joseph 
Martin For Himself and Nation : 

Brother : 

I am now speaking to my Elder Brother to let him know 
that I am Better satisfied in mind than I have been for many years, as 
there appears to me a better Prospect of peace then their ever has been 
since the Beginning of the War. This Town is called Eastenolley, a 
Beloved Town, where all the Good Talks are held. All our Head men 
and Warriors are now met Together, and we are to have no more Talk of 
War, but all peace. 

It gives me Great satisfaction to think that the Great man above Has 
altered our hearts, * * * By that means keep 

peace in our land. Before this I have been always uneasy. I could not 
sleep Good of night. When our Young Men was Doing things that was 
Bad, when I Laid down I Did not know whether I should live Till morn- 
ing. But now all those things are Droped. Now I can go to sleep in 
peace, and wake in peace, Without having any dread on me. All the 
Young men have now Joined In with the Beloved men, and thinks of 


nothing else Hearafter, In former Days the old Beloved of this Nation 1787. 
opened a path from here to Virginia, the same as Formerly. We have June 28th 
all come to one Resolution to Join our heads with a Determine Resolution 
to keep that path open. The great man above made both White and Red 
people, and it is he that was the cause of our meeting Together this Day. 
In former Days, when Beloved men held Good Talks, Their seed then 
grew up and prospered. The Northward Indians came hear and gave a 
Talk to us to all Join our heads together and keep peace, what ever us 
did, with our Elder Brother, the White People. 

These Northward Indians told us that they Came from their own Nation, 
where all their Head men had assembled, and sent them to be at peace, 
what ever they did ; that the great man above made the Earth and every 
thing that moves upon it. There is nothing * * * 

The Great man ordered it a great while ago, and occas'd a cloud to arise 
Between * * * ^ When the cloud was 

between, his, and our Talks together, occasioned a great deal of Blood 
to be spilt, but now that cloud is Removed, and our Beloved men are 
Talking Together, I hope ther will never be any Blood spilt by either side. 
There was a cloud over us for a make- haste ; it's not last long, and I 
hope what was done will be looked over, and fa Both sides to listen to 
thar Beloved Men's Talks. Now, my Elder brother hears what I have to 
say. I have grown up since he has. What I have to say is but little. 
Tho' you are older than I am, I am the old man hear, and this is the 
Beloved Place to hold good Talks on and Smoke Tob'o. I have never 
sent to my Elder Brother of Virginia Before, as I could not do it with any 
Face, but I can now send and Be not ashamed of what I say. The path 
was made by our beloved men. Learning the path, that we may Hear 
from Elach other again. It was a long time before I could bring matters 
to bear, but I have now brought it about, and I hope to keep that path 
open. I am now telling you the truth, and nothing else. You may 
depend on what I now tell you. I was often trying to Send Good Talks 
to my elder Brother of Virginia, but I was afraid that my young men 
would do Something that would spile it, but I have at last Brought Things 
about that I can do it without any kind of Fear. You are my Elder 
Brother, and I hope when you see this you will Receive it, and order mat- 
ters so that our young seed may Grow up in peace. What is left of us 
is but few, and by the beloved men's good Talks I hope that our young 
Seed will Grow up and we shall Increase. You are our Elder Brother, but 
the land we live in is ours, and we have but litde more left us than the 
weadth and Breadth of my feet. I am telling you that what Land I have 
is very litde, For our Elder Brother is Close on us. 

You are the Beloved man of Virginia, and we beg that you will do 
something for us, and move these People off our Lands if possible ; if 
they could be moved of, it would give great Satisfaction to all our People, 
that we might have Room to Live and Hunt on. I have given my Talk, 
and hope you will. 

A String of Beeds. 


1787. A Talk Delivered by the old Corn Tassle, a Cherokee Chief, for the 

Governor of Virginia, in Chota, ye 12th of June, 1787 : 

Brother : 

June 28th I this Day Received your Talk open without any Date or Di- 

rection, which I think Very Strange of, as I have had many From the Be- 
loved men of Virginia, which was always Sealed and Directed, and was 
very good. But your Letter I Don't like. It says too much about fire 
and sword, and accuses us of things we are clear of— in particular Burning 
a woman in Chickamogga, which is not true. There has never been any 
person Burnt in our nation since the first Treaty at the Long Island, 
which is ten years Past. It seems as if you was fond of Beleiving Lies 
and Looking over Truth. We have had several Letters from the Be- 
loved men of Virginia, which was all Good. When peace was made you 
was not Governor, and the first letter you ever sent it was fire and sword, 
and charge us with things we are clear of. If you are a Just man you 
will Enquire into matters Before you write so Rash, and stand to the 
Truth. I remember very well, and so may you, that your Beloved men 
appointed Commissioners to Treat with us and fix a Boundary, which was 
done, and your Commiss'rs promised in the name of Virginia that the 
Bounds then fixt on should stand as long as the Sun shined or water Run. 
All this, I suppose, is forgot by you, Because it is true your people has 
settled to our Towns ; tho' you say nothing about That, tho* the faith of 
your Country is at stake on it ; but if any Person tells you any thing that 
is bad about us you can believe that and threaten us with fire and sword. 
It is well known that I have done everything in my power to keep 
peace In my land and hold fast all the treaties and Good Talks and Keep 
my young men from doing mischief, and I wish I had no Greater cause 
to complain than you have. I observe in every Treaty that we Have had 
that a bound is fixt, but we always find that your people settle much ^ter 
shordy after a Treaty than Before. It is well known that you have Taken 
almost all our Country fi-om us without our consent. That Don't seem to 
satisfy my Elder Brother, but he still Talks of fire and sword. I suppose 
some person Has told my Elder Brother this in order to have us Drove 
off, as they may Take what Little Land we have left, Which is very Little, 
not sufficient to keep us much Longer from Perishing. Truth is, if we 
had no Land we should have Fewer Enemies. I hope my Elder Brother 
will be more serious, and consider Before he writes so Rash, and Enquire 
whether his People or mine are most in fault. I make no Doubt but you 
are a great man, and suppose we are a foolish people ; but we have seen 
Enough to know we are Used 111. Great part of our 111 treatment has 
proceeded from me in keeping my Young men fi-om Doing mischief. 
Had I suffered them to kill people when they would find them hunting 
and settling our land Like the Creeks and Shonies, I suppose they would 
not setd'd so much of our country, but I would not suffer them to hurt any 


white man, Trasting to the bar promises of my Elder Brother to do me Jus* 17^* 
tice, and have waited a long time to Hear from my Elder Brother* that he )ulH^ )8lh 
would Remove his people of my Land ; but instead of that he wants iire 
and sword» vrithout taking any notice of his people's Encroaching and lU 

I am Desirous of living in peace with my Elder Brother of Virginia, 
and shall continue to keep good order in my Towns Till 1 hear further 
from my ddtf Brother, which 1 hope will be very soon. 


Third Talk, 

Chota, ye 12th June. 1787. 
Brother : 

I am now going to speak to you. I hope you will Listen to me, 
and let me have a Letter from you shortly. I am sorry to hear you Talk 
of fire and sword. We are but a small People, or, at least, few of us are 
not able to Fight such a powerful People as Virginia, which I suppose is 
the reason of your Talking so Rash to us, and accuse us of things we are 
clear off. The People that does the greatest mischief are the Creeks, but 
they are past over because they are strong and willing to fight. For my 
part, I am not able nor willing to fight. If you Force me to it I must do 
the best I can and Look for new friends, which I shall be very sorry to do 
I have long taken the Virginians by the hand, and have at this time one 
of their meddles round my neck. I should be sorry to throw that off and 
put on a Strange one. I suppose the Reason of your Talking so sharp 
to us is, you love our Land, and know we are not able to fight for it. You 
Sufier your People to settle to our Towns and say nothing about it, but if 
the Creeks or Shonies does you any mischief you Threaten us with iire 
and sword. For my part I love peace. I fonnerly Loved War, and Lived 
at Chicamogga, but Colo. Martin sent for me to come away. Being his 
Relation, I came, and six winters is past that I have taken his talk and as- 
sisted him in keeping peace. I now live in Chuster, the Middle Ground 
between Chota and Chickamogga. I stand up like a wall between Bad 
people and my Brothers, the Virginians. Both Creeks and Chickamog- 
gians has been turned back from doing mischief by me. My name is 
Tuskegetchee. I command seven towns; thirteen others listen to my 
talk. This is the first Talk I ever sent. I hope to have an answer by my 
nephew, Cdo. Martin, shordy, and Directed to me in Chustoch. 

I inclose you a string of Beeds. 


Or the Long fellow. 


1787. Charles Lee, Naval Officer, South Potowmack. 

To the HorCbU Beverly Randolph, Lieutenant- Governor : 


June 29th A late occurrence at this port, which I think it my duty to represent 

Alexandria, fully to the Executive, will serve to show the necessity of having an armed 
boat stationed here to assist in the due execution of the laws, or the 
officers of the Commonwealth will not only be insulted, but frustrated in 
the discharge of their duty. On the 26th, the Seacher being informed that 
the Schooner Dart, Capt. Dodds, which, together with her whole cargo, 
had been duly entered at the naval office in Georgetown, and ways lying 
in the river off Alexandria, had been putting into craft and landing in Vir- 
ginia, in the night time, West india rum, upon which the duties had not 
been paid or secured in this Commonwealth. He considered himself 
bound to enquire into it, and for that purpose went on board that 
schooner. He returned on shore of opinion he should seize on and prose- 
cute the vessel, and having got some hands, in order to take charge of the 
vessel, he went to the vessel intending to seize her, and being alongside of 
her was forbid by Capt. Dodds to come on board, and prevented from so 
doing by the crew, who were on deck armed with handspikes, &c. The 
Searcher then sumumoned sundry persons to assist him, who all refused 
In going home he met with me in the streets, and soon after Mr. Donald- 
son, a merchant here, to whom the vessel is consigned, came up to us with 
expressions of alarm and fright in his countenance, and said that the Cap- 
tain had done wrong, that the laws should be submitted to, and if we 
would go back with him the vessel should be delivered up to the officer of 
the Commonwealth. I told him I wished to look at some of our laws 
first, and desired him to walk with me to a house for that purpose, which 
he did. Having examined the laws and satisfied the Searcher and him as 
to some matters, I said to Mr. Donaldson, who was applying for leave to 
give security for the forthcoming of the vessel at the trial, or some such 
thing, that the vessel, in the first place, must be delivered up to the 
Searcher, and afterwards it might be considered what should be done, to 
which Mr. Donaldson replied that if we would go with him he would see 
her delivered up. Upon this we all went on board with sundry others, who 
were to take care of the vessel. I observed to Capt. Dodds that he had 
misbehaved in resisting an officer in the legal execution of his office. He 
seemed embarrassed, and excused himself by saying that he should not 
have done it if the people on our wharf had not cried out to him to 
resist. Mr. Donaldson told the Capt. that the vessel was to be done with as 
the Searcher pleased, and the Capt. then observed he supposed he had no 
business on board. I told him he need not leave the vessel, but the 
searcher would direct him what was to be done with her. Capt. Dodd 
applied to him to know what was to be done, and he, the Searcher, gave 


some directions in order that the vessel might be laid up at a particular lySy* 
wharf. June 29th 

In this state of things I left the vessel, and soon after the Searcher also 
left her under the care of Robert Evans and two other men. She was 
under way up to the wharf when Capt. Dodds and others confined R. 
Evans and the other two men in the cabin and set sail to Georgetown, 
where he has laid his vessel up along a wharf and fast to the Maryland 
shore, and keeps himself in that State. 

The misdemeanor of Capt. Dodds in resisting the officer in the hrst 
instance, and his violent taking and carrying away the vessel out of the 
possession of Robert Evans and others, after she had been lawfully seized 
and formally delivered into the hands of the officers of the Commonwealth, 
were, in my consideration, offences for which every exertion ought to be 
made, in order that their punishment might be exemplary. Expecting 
to find the vessel off Georgetown in the stream, and Capt Dodds on 
board, I had warrants issued to apprehend him to bring him to justice, and 
yesterday went up with a constable. Supposing force might be necessary, 
the Searcher, with some armed men, came up also in a boat, for the pur- 
pose of retaking the vessel. On my arrival I found the vessel in such a 
state, that is to say, made fast to the Maryland shore aside a wharf, that I 
did not think it lawful to attempt to take her by force, and Capt. Dodds 
being in Georgetown, the warrants could not be executed on him there by 
our constable. 

I applied to one of the Maryland magistrates, Mr. Thompson, for a 
warrant, and produced to him an affidavit of the facts before related, in or- 
der to have Capt. Dodds apprehended and dealt with according to law. 
He refused, saying it was a State affair. After some difficulty a warrant 
was obtained from Mr. Magruder, another magistrate, but I expect Capt 
Dodds, if taken, will immediately be discharged by the magistrates in 
Maryland, as it is a new business in which I find it disagreeable to them 
to act, least they should do wrong. 

Should Capt Dodds and his vessel, which belongs to some inhabitants 
in St Christopher's, escape without even a trial, it will be an evil example 
to others, and the laws and officers of the Commonwealth will not only be 
opposed and evaded, but treated with contempt 

I trust, sir, measures will be taken, by sending one of the armed boats to 
seize this vessel in the river as she may proceeding down to go to sea. I 
expect she will set off as soon as she can, and probably will be found 
without a register or a clearance, as I have represented this case to the na- 
val officer at Georgetown. She is about 80 tons burthen and black bottom. 

A copy of this letter I intend to send to the Governor of Maryland, that 
the truth may be known to the Executive of that State, and thereby they 
may be enabled to do whatever may seem to them expedient. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect, 

your most obed't, humbl. Serv't. 


iT%i. Geobge Masok, Delegate, to Hok. Beveelt Raivdolph, of Va. 

June yMh Dear Sir : 

Ipbta The oooveotkm having reserved that oooe of tfadr prooeedia^ 

sbou'd be communicated daring thdr Sitdi^, puts it out of my power to 
give you any particular Inlbniiatioo upoo the SubfecL Ftstina UnU 
fcems hitherto to have been our mayjm. Things, however, are now draw- 
mg to that point on whidi some of the fundamental principles must 
be decided, and two or three Days will probably enable us to Judge — 
which is at present very doubtful — whether any sound and efiectual S3rstem 
can be established or not. If it cannot, I presume we shall not continue 
here much longer ; if it can, we shall probably be detained 'til Septem- 

I fed myself diss^^eebly circumstanced in being the only member of 
the Assembly in the Virginia Dd^;ation, and, consequently, if any system 
shall be recommended by the Convention, that the whcde weight of Expla- 
nation must &11 upon me ; and if I should be prevented by sickness or 
accident from attending the Assembly, that it will be difHcult for the As- 
sembly to obtain such Information as may be necessary upon the subject, 
as I presume that in the progress thro' the Legislature many Questions 
may be asked and Inquiries made, in which satis&ctory Information, from 
time to time, can hardly be given but by a member of the House in his 

We have just received Information here that Mr. Wythe has made a 
Resignation, and does not intend to return. Under these circumstances 
I wou'd beg leave to submit it to the Consideration of the Executive, 
whether it might not be proper to fill the Vacancy in the Delegation, oc- 
casioned by Mr. Wythe's Resignation, with some member of the Assem- 
bly. Mr. Corbin being here, his appointment, if it shall be judged proper, 
wou'd occasion little additonal charge to the State, if the Convention 
shou'd, unfortunately, break up without adopting any substantial Sys- 
tem — that Event will happen, I think — before the appointment can reach 
this place ; if the Convention continues to proceed on the Business, with 
a prospect of success, Mr. Corbin is on the Spot ; and I doubt it may be 
difficult to prevail on any member of the Assembly, now in Virginia, to 
come hither at this late Stage of the Business. 

I beg you will do me the Favour to lay this Subject before the Council, 
and believe me, with the greatest esteem and regard, dear sir. 

Your most ob'd't Serv't, &c., &c. 


James M. McRea, J'n'r, to . 1787. 

July 2d 
By return of the Express I had the honor to receive your letter, . . 

previous to which the necessary steps were taken to impose the fines upon 

those persons who refused when call'd upon to render their assistance in 

Seizing the schooner Dart I cannot say with certainty who assisted in 

Rescuing the Vessel ; but just after she was under way, she was boarded 

by James Woodward, Thomas Triplett and George Slakum — the two 

former of this place, and the latter keeps a Packet-boat between this place 

and Norfolk. When I was going on board the Schooner the above 

George Slacum call'd to the Capt., and told him to keep off the boat and 

not suffer me to board him ; and when the three persons above named 

were going on board, Woodward apply 'd to Capt. Slakum to know if he 

cou'd lend the Capt of the Schooner Dart some hands, to which Slakum 

reply' d he had but one on board. They stay 'd on board till the vessel 

pass'd the Town. Mitchell Donaldson was active on board, assisted the 

Capt. in Resisting me in the first place and afterwards in taking the Ves- 

sell away. The Schooner is still at George Town nearly loaded, and will 

probably take the first fair wind and pass this place In the night, if some 

steps are not taken to secure her. 

I have the honor to be respectfully, 


Your mo. Obe't Serv't. 

A Prominent Citizen July 2d 

Fined Five Pounds and treble tax, for refusing to give in a list of his Taxa- Richmond 
ble property, by the County and Quarterly Court of that County. county 

Colo. T. Meriwether July 4th 

Makes Report of the Pay- Roll and Cloathing of the Guard, and of the 
Stores at Point of Fork, by Order, &c. 

Petition of Rich'd Downs and Brayon Austin for Repreive, July 5th 

They being now under sentence of death by hanging, after trial by the Richmond 

General Court for having burglariously entered the Smoke-House of Capt ^^ 
Gill, and having taken from thence some Bacon, &c., &c. 


1787. Contract made with Wm. Rose, 

July 6th Keeper of the Public Jail, by Wm. Geddy, to supply the said Jail with 
three Iron Doors, with good and Sufficient Locks, for the sum of Twenty- 
three Pounds. 

July 7th William Grayson, Delegate, to Lieutenant-Governor Ran- 
dolph OF Virginia. 
New York Sir: 

Yesterday there was a Congress of Seven States. Your communi- 
cations respecting Indian affairs were laid before them, and were refer- 
red to the Secretary at war for report. This may be expected in a day 
or two. 

Your letter on the subject of the disturbances in the back parts of No. 
Carolina has also been presented to their view, but no steps have been 
yet taken thereon. Indeed, it is very difficult to get any thing done with 
so thin a representation. 

I have the honor to be, 

With the highest respect, 

Y*r most ob't and very h'ble Serv't. 

July 8th The Boat Patriot 

Hampton, Returned from a cruise, lost her main-mast off Horn -harbour house, with 
other damage done. Michael James reports, however, that he can have 
her ready in four or five days to sail for the Potomac. 

July 8th David Ross to Hon. Miles Selden, &c. 

Petersburg, Sometime ago he exchanged one Ton of Iron, delivered at the Point of 
^* Fork, for the same quantity of Lead received at Fort Chizell. He wants 
another ton of lead at the same place in exchange for anything that the 
State may need. The lead thus acquired he uses on the Frontiers at the 
confluence of the main branches of Holston, in paying for provisions and 
labor in the construction at that point of very extensive works. 

July 8th Negro Slaves 

Surry Tried and condemned by the County Court for Burglary, &a Sentenced 
county ^Q suffer death by hanging, &c. 


JosiAH Parker, Naval Officer, to the Lieutenant-Governor, 1787. 

Giving reasons why he cannot at once make up and forward his Returns, July loth 
but says he has on hand a weight of money which cannot be conveyed Portsmouth 
by land. He is often a week on the water with it, and would prefer to 
apply it to the purposes intended rather than keep it on hand, by which 
he is constantly made uneasy for fear of losing it, &c. 

Otway Byrd to Lieutenant-Governor Bev. Randolph. July nth 


It is not on my private acquaintance that I presume to address you, Charles City 
but in your official capacity. I b^ leave to engage your attention to an county 
injury done me (through the intrigues of a Mr. Styth Hardyman) by the 
Cotirt of this County, and which the Laws authorize you to frustrate. 
Sometime in the course of the month of March, in the year 1786, Mr. 
Munford, the late Sheriff of thb County, died, in consequence of which 
I, as the next in the Commission of the Peace, succeeded to the office, and 
quallified in the May Court, following the long established custom pre- 
scribed by Law, . that an annual recommendation of three magistrates 
should be sent to the Governor between the last day of June and the last 
day of August, and that the first mentioned in the recommendation has 
generally been nominated, induced Mr. Hardyman, afler I withdrew from 
the Courthouse, to bring forward the recommendation before himself and 
three other magistrates, where my name was omitted, and his own in- 
serted at the head of those sent up, by which means he, of course, expects 
to obtain a Commission that will supercede mine ; but as both Law and 
Custom has ever indulged the acting Sheriff with the Office for two years 
at least, and in my situation two from the succeeding October of his 
quallifying, and from its having been evidently in my possession only 
fourteen months, I presume on an expectation of meeting with the same 
indulgence from you that has uniformly been granted to every individual 
in my situation, and I must b^ leave to intrude one additional circum- 
stance that I am persuaded you will think strengthens my claim, which is 
my having given up to the Estate of the late Sheriff the benefits of a col- 
lection of the Taxes that was made in my time, from conceiving it to be 
his right; and this. Sir, if necessary, may be attest' d by Mr. Munford's 
Executor and the Collectors that received the Taxes. Should the Gover- 
nor return before it is necessary a new Commission should issue, I will 
take the liberty to request the favour of you to offer this letter as ad- 
dressed to the Chief-Magistrate of Virginia, with whom I most cheerfully 
rest the decision of the matter in question. 

I have the Honor to be. Sir, 

Your most Obed't Serv't 


1787. James M. McRea to Hon. Bev. Randolph. 

July nth Since I had the honor of addressing you last, the Schooner Dart has 

Alexandria sailed from George Town and passed this place in the night time. How- 
ever, I hoped the arm'd boats wou*d be prepar'd to intercept her, as 
her being r^^larly brought to Uyal I conceive wou'd fully Justify the 
Seizure and convince those persons who so violendy opposed it here of 
their error. However, I am satisfied that every person of distinction here 
approves my conduct. 

The person who was suspected of Informing Against this vessell was, 
the same day of the seizure, assaulted and abused very much by the mob, 
against many of whom I have had suits commenced in the name of the 
injured person for damages, but fear all that will be got by so doing will be 
poor recompence for the Injuries he received. Some days after the Seizure 
of the vessell a most violent outrage was committed on the person of Wil- 
liam Berry, a poor Labourer of this Town, who was, by four men, dis- 
guised, taken out of his house in the night, and by them beat in an in- 
human manner, and cut and stabbed in several places with a cutlass, by 
which he will probably be disabled and rendered incapable of obtaining 
a livelihood. Another man named David Motley was, a few nights after, 
attacked by three men, who wounded him in many places with the point 
of a Sword. Those persons are both used thus on suspicion of their 
being informers, when, in fact, they are totally innocent of the charge. 
However, there is no doubt but it will have the same effect in detering 
any person from giveing an information as if they were the real informers. 
None of the persons guilty of these enormities are known, and the Com- 
mon Council of this Town thought proper to enquire into the matter, and 
have come to a determination to offer a Reward of Forty Dollars for the 
discovery of the guilty persons. At the same time I considered it my 
duty to lay the matter before the Executive as particularly as possible 
that they may take what steps they think proper. 

I am informed that Colo. Hooe, who is well known, did countenance the 
opposition made by the Crew of the Schooner Dart, and said they should 
knock me down and not allow me to make the Seizure. The countenance 
of such a man as Colo. Hooe wou'd have great weight among the lower 
class of people, who wou'd think they wou'd thereby be justified in com- 
miting every outrage. 

I have the honor to be respectfully, Sir, 

Your mo. ob't Serv't 


Edmund Randolph to Bev. Randolph, L't-Governor. 1787. 


The Deputation here have desired me to obtain a further sum of July 12th 
money. I have accordingly drawn for one hundred pounds, which the Philadelphia 
Executive will oblige us by paying. 

I beg leave to enclose my own account It contains an article charged 
without authority, but arising from circumstances which I could not avoid. 
A Cherokee chief came hither under the conduct of an interpreter, who 
urged me to send a talk and a present. I could not refuse the one nor 
the other, and conceived that a silver pipe, with some symbols of Virgin- 
ian and Cherokee friendship would be an ornament to the town-house of 
the Indians, and a small medal would conciliate the cheif who visited me. 
I do not, however, wish that these presents should be paid for by the pub- 
lic, unless the fullest propriety should dictate the measure. If it should 
not appear to be perfectly allowable, I hope that there will not be the 
least hesitation in rejecting it, as I consider myself wholly unauthorized 
to make such a present. Mr. Wythe left fifty pounds with us, of which 
an account will be rendered by us. 

I have the honor, Sir, to be, 

With great respect, 

Y'r mo. ob. Ser't 

Acc't enclosed. 

Dr. Edm. Randolph, To the Com Vlth of Virginia. 


May — To cash £ loa 

June — ^To cash to Mrs. R 5a 

£ 150. 


By attendance on the Convention, together with 
travelling Expences from 6th of May inclusive, 
to 19th July inclusive, being 74 days, at 6 dol- 
lars per day, which are equal to 444 dollars ; 
which are equal to jQ 133. 4. 

By cash paid for a silver medal and a silver pipe 
for the Cherokees, ;fii. 16. 6., Penn'a cur- 
rency £ 9. 9. 3. 

£ 142. 13- 3- 


1787. David Ross to Lieut.-Gov. Randolph. 

July 13th I received information last night that the Commissary of Stores at 

Petersburg the Point of Fork would, on the i8th instant, have a jury summoned, in 
order to have 9 Acres of Land condemned for Erecting certain new maga- 
zines, said to be necessary for the reception of Public Stores. 

I presume this condemnation is to be made under the act of assembly 
of 1780, passed in order to obtain part of Balandine's ground at West- 
ham, which was accordingly taken, and, as well as I recollect, the measure 
was not relish'd even in those days, and, I beleive, for that reason never 
afterwards made use of 

In consequence of the resolution of Assembly, pass'd the 12th Novem- 
ber, '85, and an order of the Executive, of the 19th December foUow'g, I 
attended with the surveyor of the County, and no person appearing in 
behalf of the State, I laid off 2 surveys, the one including the public 
buildings with 10 acres, and the other including 50 acres, or thereabouts, 
leaving it in the option of the Executive to Lease the lesser or the larger 
quantity, as should be most convenient, and the allowance to be made set- 
tled by disinterested persons. If this mode of accommodating the Public, 
which appears to be consonant to the Resolution of the House and the 
determination of the Executive at that time would now be satisfactory, I 
would willingly do all that is necessary on my part for the public conve- 

If it be required that the Public shall have a fee simple in the ground 
the new magazines are to stand upon, I will execute a deed for it, so long 
as it shall be occupied for the public purposes, without any price or con- 
sideration ; provided, your Commissary will be satisfied with such and 
so much ground as is necessary for the said magazines. I have taken the 
liberty to make this communication from a persuasion that the Executive 
wish not for the operation of the act of 1780, if it can be avoided. 

I must also observe to you that I am informed a survey of 9 acres hath 
already been made in such a manner as to spoil 50 acres of Land, and run 
with a variety of corners, so as to include property and to answer pur- 
poses not within the words or meaning of said Law. 

As I am confident the Executive would give no instructions that would 
be oppressive to any citizen, I cannot think this survey hath been made 
by their direction, and that in whatever manner the ground is obtained, 
the'survey will be alter* d, as I could not willingly submit to such a measure. 

I am. sir, your most obedient 



Sampson Mathews, Miles Selden, and Bolling Starke, 


The Committee appointed to confer with and advise the Treasurer in re- July 14th 
gard to the policy of selling the Public Tobacco, in order to the settlement 
of claims against the State, report in favor of suspending said sales of the 
Tobacco in Rappahannock and Potomac Districts. 

Levi Todd, Clerk of the County, to the Governor of 


Expressing the gratification of the people that some recognition is at last 
taken of their complaints and exposed situation. Should Congress order 
offensive movements against their enemies the militia of the District will 
be glad to assist in these operations. The result of the Court martial, 
held at Bardstown, in the case of Col. Patterson, is not yet known in Ken- 
tucky. He cannot account for this, but thinks directions with regard to 
him must have miscarried. Adds: "That worthy and active officer 
has surely experienced a mortification sufficient to atone for a crime of 
greater magnitude than I hope he was guilty of. The loss of his service 
is sensibly felt by myself and many others. 

July i6th 




Edw'd Carrington to Lieut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph. 

July 17th 

Sir : 

I do myself the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favors of New York 
the 29th of June and 6th Instant. 

Congress have reassembled, but not in sufficient force for directing the 
necessary measures in the Western Country. The various communications 
with which we have been honoured respecting the hostilities in that quar- 
ter, have been submitted to the consideration of Congress. In a few days 
we shall probably have nine States on the floor, and then we shall urge an 
immediate decision. 

I have the honor to be, D'r Sir, with great respect, 

your most ob't Servant 

David Stuart to Hon. Bev. Randolph. 
Dear Sir : 

The late occurrences in Alexandria respecting the sloop Dart, 
induce me to trouble you with a few lines. I observe from the letter of 
the Executive to the Searcher, that they are properly alarmed on the sub- 
ject It now appears that the trade which the above vessel was detected 
in carrying on, has been practiced by most vessels since the late regula- 
tions. It is, accordingly, the general opinion here that she could not have 

July 17th 


1787. been condemned on a trial. They consider themselves justified in this 
July 17th practice by the Compact law, which makes the Potomac free to both 
States for the purposes of commerce. A vessel that enters in Maryland, 
they say, has only to observe that she does not violate the commercial 
regulations of that State. By these being permitted to sell goods by re- 
tail long side of her, it is imposible to know whether the boats she sdls to 
belong to Maryland or Virginia ; that, therefore, the Virginia laws can 
only affect the small boats and not the vessel with which they deal. If 
this construction be just, you see what a door is opened to smuggling, 
and how unhappy it is for the revenue arising from commerce in this 
State. As each State always possessed a right of r^^lating its own trade 
as it thought proper, the eleventh article of the compact law appears to 
me totally nugatory under the above construction. I, therefore, think — tho' 
I am singular in my opinion in this part of the world — that a vessel, tho' en- 
tered in Maryland, is as much bound not to violate the Commercial regula- 
tions of Virginia as of the State in which she entered, and, of course, equally 
liable to seizure. Many difficulties, however, in the way of trade attend this 
opinion. Since a vessel, tho' entered in Maryland, will be fearful of using 
the privileges she is entitled to under the laws of that State, and to be 
safe must conform to the regulations of the State which is most rigid, and 
so vice versa. These, however, to me, only evince the necessity of the 
duties between the States being assimilated, and the compact was certainly 
formed on this presumption. Otherwise it has been an unhappy transaction 
for Virginia, whose regulations being most rigid, will, in^ibly, throw all 
the trade into Maryland, under the construction I first mentioned, and 
force the people of this State to smuggle. 

I hope, therefore, the Executive, who, from the nature of their office, 
must have full knowledge of the practicability of the laws in general, will 
not think it inconsistent with their duty to give their testimony to the 
Legislature, at its meeting, of the absolute necessity of assimilation. If, 
in the meantime, they think as I do of the compact law, and think proper 
to send their opinion on it, I will take care to make it known. Tho', per- 
haps, it would be most proper to send it by way of instructions to the 
Searcher. I shall only mention further on this subject, that there have 
been, on an average all the spring, before the town of Alexandria, about 
fifteen ships and brigs. Scarce five of these have been entered in Vir- 
ginia, while there can be no doubt but the rest, under the common inter- 
pretation of the Compact law, have carried on a great trade with the in- 
habitants. It is, indeed, openly avowed. The Searcher, from my knowl- 
edge of him, is a faithful, active officer, and if it was possible to put a stop 
to this business, I am sure he would do it 

I believe it to be very necessary, however, that the Searchers on the 
upper parts of the ri^r should be desired to attend better to their duty. 
The merchants here have good information of great quantities of tobacco 
being carried from the upper Counties on the Potomac to Maryland. 
Upwards of a hundred and five hogsheads were, from good information, 


lately carried all nearly at one time. This practice, while the present tax 1787* 
subsists on tobacco, is not only so much loss to the State, but throws the July 17th 
burdens unequally on individuals. I cannot close this letter without 
taking notice of a late enormity committee in Alexandria, which appears 
to give much alarm to all who feel an anxiety that the laws should be sup- 
ported. It is the cruel manner in which two men, suspected of giving 
information respecting the sloop Dart, were beat by men who broke into 
their houses at a late hour of the night with masks on. Not contented 
with this treatment, however, they obliged them by their threats to leave 
town for fear of another visit, when it seems they had a promise of being 
murdered. The Corporation have offered a reward of forty dollars to 
any one who will give information of the perpetrators, and I cannot but 
think it would have a good effect if the Executive should think it worth 
their notice to offer a reward on their part for the indignity on the State 
at large. I am, D'r Sir, with great regard. 

Your most Ob't Serv't. 

David Ross t6 Colo. T. Meriwether, July 19th 

Acknowledging receipt of his in regard to the valuing of the Land at Point of 
that place, desired for the use of the State, in order to erect upon it addi- 
tional buildings, &c. Mr. Ross desires that he should be allowed to name 
men of character and understanding, whose minds were unprejudiced, 
&c., and who did not reside in that county, who were to put upon the 
land a fair valuation. He, therefore^ had named John Breckenridge, of 
Albemarle, and John Walker, of Orange Co., men of unexceptionable 
character. The Agent of the State had, however, nominated two Gen- 
tlemen, between whom and himself there had been a variance, and not- 
withstanding reliable information had been given to the Agent that these 
two judges on this account should not be employed, he would not ap- 
point any others. For this reason prudence forbids that he, Mr. Ross, 
should risk his interests to such hands. Regretting therefore the neces- 
sity of giving so much trouble to the Executive, he is still ready and wil- 
ling to consult the convenience of the Public by granting a Fee Simple 
tide to the land desired, altho' it is in the heart of his property. To 
accomplish this, he now proposes that the Executive name 5 honest men, 
out of which number he will name 3, who shall determine what consider- 
ation he is to receive for the property. If this proposition be adopted, 
he is willingto add a further piece of ground to the 9 acre wanted, &c. 
As he is about to leave the Point of Fork, no objection will be offered to 
making the deed, and settiement in Richmond. 

Endosed is the following: 

" I am willing, in conjunction with the Superintendent of Military 
Stores, to lay of a piece of ground so as to include the Mill Seat, and on 


die ^idxer aide tn ^ dsnm. to die .^Ifiiing^ tn be 
Joiy 191ft rrmiid die bmldiiig;^ j» aor j» sr iespe ccMiiit ^r 

Ott die ade wtuse die magsBme is :o be OHib; Laot aisi «dBa|r to 
die line ir least loo Taids <in ail aie^ tbat. oa hmlrfiwiy nn^ be 
vstitui diar dooocsL 

* £ iiaye no 'joi e e ao m as I cannot ncil *fam 1 inp cfae ^i^uimL hese.' tn 
iasf ' jf wiat jpp&BCSt fiuficesi;. and: laor *x ImiiiB dK i»—* mm^ lor diexr 
jpii ftwM ti on besQie a vainagimr jrdeedi^aQ dncicaBv-beailczBeiif oik 
CO xbtasL* 

die nallcnnii^r: 

'* .Agreed upcm by^ md ^ J iLt i mm Tbomas MLiIi P Lih erait befaatf of dte 
CommonweBitfa is oanxnrxmtT yr die ^irdcrs of rfac Rgp* iiiiu » > of die 'me 
pan; Mtd Danrni Rosii» 'if die Ccnmtr of F tujjmuk of die atfaer pst! — 
That waeFcas- diere *^ at present ^ •lercaon pcvtixnt oft dK r.anrf btiuiii^as^ 


die Point at F>irk« now occupied br die FrAiic&TximracBspma of Arms, 
AiaanwitKnu and cither Pobuc storey and dav tbr Amficezsf ainm^ jnd 
it bem^ expeuieBt ro erect addmonai oml^Kineff aod oiiMr Binkfin^ tor 
die PtibUc purpuses and dai die ^jtovokL iiii i m 11 1 »ir dK same shall be 
vested in die Ccnonioa Wealth in Fee Sinipk:;,and aotheldimdergrcRind- 
rent a;s> at present — Thax die LMuads necesaaunr Ah^ dK huiMiit^gr;<> j^bresaid 
sfaail be !aid oi by the Sunreyor ot die County; ao as to tm-Uwi^ ^Jte mne 
^cres oont' d in a piot r'o iu i c i i y laid biffore die Rxmili ^ e^ tgig-;tMgi»^ ^igch 
on addidonail quandty 'A Land as^ dot die lae oar be at Itmstonc bun- 
<ired yards^ distant nrom die pnace die aeiv nu^iiiiiir is to be ei e uied ic 
and also leaving a :$pace. lot les- dan one bundled and Skr neet. on aH 
?id€:y ot die present row ot buikhmc^ as dner itand an a line «jn ^sdier 
itde ot die street, or any public work erected* <x afaovt to be narected. 
.\iid wiKreas^ the former Survey iododcfr a Spnn)^ it is a^preed diat; die 
> d Sprioi^ shall be beki in commun for the use *x the post and the saad 
David Si^Sy bis^ beics^ or a:sfiKf^]Qs^— That die said David Ross ^ binaeiC 
and tor bi^betrs^ ex'rsond adni'rs* hereby e n^ai^ e s dat be wdl now, and 
in ail dmes to «::oaie. sudfer ind permit a good WaiggaB road to be kept 
open diroujj^h bis Land 5roai die :3aid B 

die name oi the Barradc laodia^ windt landing 
itiie shail also be kepi open and used in ooounoa by die said p 
That the Survey beioi^ dius^ made, tiie same shall be laid besire Jtiim 
Niciioiasy John Coie»y Wilson Cary Niciioias .ind Richaid Jamcsw Esq'rs. 
or any dirt:e oi diem, vv ho are appointed a:» weil ^jn die part and :n behalf 
ot tixe daid David Ro:»s js :or tiie Common Wealtiu to view and ^. ^nnide r 
oi tiie vaioe oi the said Lands^ under ill its drcumsaiice^ and to defier- 
mine Jviiat price ot ^xmsideradoa in ready mioney the said David Ross 
ihail rect:ive rrom :he Common Wealth lor die property aibrcsud. and 
xmvey to tiie E^ibiic a Fee Sunpie E^state in tiie sanies And die said 
ThooMS^MeriweiiKr, on txiai^ >ji tiie cSate. and dniy itiihiifiirtL by the 


Executive, engages to and with the said David Ross that the price or 1787* 
consideration, as judged and determined upon by the referees aforesaid, July 19th 
shall be paid to the said David Ross, his heirs or assigns; and the said 
David Ross on his part ei^^es for himself and his heirs, &c., that he 
will execute or cause to be executed such Deed or conveyance as shall be 
prepared by the direction of the Executive for conveying the Lands 
aforesaid and securing to the Publick the use of the Spring, road and 

Will. Clayton to the Governor of Va. in Reply, July aoth 

Enclosing affidavits and such other evidence as could be procured in New Kent 
regard to the burning of the Prison and Clerk's office at New Kent Co. ^^"'^'y 
House, on Sunday night, the 15th July, 1787. On this occasion all the 
papers and records were destroyed. The fire was not discovered by his 
£imily and himself until the office was allmost burnt down. The testimony 
of witnesses proved that John Price Posey had assaulted Rob't B. Arm- 
stead, the Sheriff of the County, a few days before the destruction of these 
buildings, for which he was imprisoned for one month in default of se- 
curity for hb good behavior. On the night of the 12th July the prison 
was broken open and Posey escaped therefrom. One Thomas Green 
was suspected of having aided John P. Posey in making his escape 
On the night of the conflagration both Green and Posey were arrested, 
and at this date were in custody of a guard, awaiting examination before 
a Court to be held on the 24th July, 1787. 

Harry Innes to His Excell'y, Edmund Randolph. July 21st 

Sir : 

Your Excdlency's letter, of the ist of May, was delivered to me on Kentucky 
the 6th Instant, and after reflecting on the contents, I feel myself con- 
strained to ask of the Executive in what capacity they view me, because, 
from the tone of your letter, it would be construed that I was vested with 
some Executive powers. Your letter directs me to institute the proper 
l^al inquiries for indicatii^ the infractions of the Peace. How I am to 
proceed on that business from so vague a direction, I know not In my 
official capacity, I cannot do it ; in a private capacity, it would render me 
odious. But from whom I am to enquire, or against whom your Exc'y 
wishes a prosecution to be instituted, your Exc'y's letter is silent 

If your Exc'y calls upon me in a private capacity, I shall be ever ready 
and willing to give you such information, as far as may come to my knowl- 
edge, of any matter in which the weal of the State may be interested, and 
shall now give you the information on the subject which your letter refers 
to, viz : Coio« John Logan's excurnon in February last and some other. 



1787- Indians had made their appearance upon our South Eastern Frontiers 

July 2ist at several different times in the Fall and winter. Some of our Hunters 
had been attacked, and early in February one of our citizens killed at his 
own house. This induced Colo. John Logan, the then commanding 
officer of Lincoln, to raise his corps to range on the waters of Cumber- 
land, and to rendezvous at or near the place where the person had been 
killed, which was on a branch of Green River. Within a few miles of 
the place of Rendezvous Colo. Logan came upon the Trail of the Indians, 
who, it was supposed, had committed the murder. He followed and 
overtook them, killed 7, and got possession of the Horses and Skins they 
had along, among which was a valuable mare of mine and a horse belong- 
ing to a Mr. Blaine, of Lincoln, also a Rifle Gun, which was well known 
to belong to a person who was murdered in October, in the wilderness, on 
his Journey to this District. Judge from these facts of the innocence of 
the Cherokees. 

Since the excursion of Colo. Logan, one hath been made by some vol- 
unteers from Fayette and Bourbon, under the command of Colo. Robert 
Todd, to the Sciota, in consequence of an information received from the 
Shawanese of the Hostile conduct of a small Tribe, s'd to be Cherokees, 
who had settled on Paint Creek. Upon this occasion 3 were killed and 
7 taken, who have since made their Escape. 

Last Fall an excursion was made to the Saline by some volunteers from 
Nelson, under Capt. Hardin, who fell in with some Indians, 3 or 4 oi 
whom he killed and put the others to flight Another hath been made 
from Jefferson the last of May, under Maj. Oldham, upon the waters of 
the Wabash, but nothing was done. The Indians have been very trouble- 
some on our Frontiers, and still continue to molest us, from which circum- 
stance I am decidedly of opinion that this western Country will, in a few 
years. Revolt from the Union and endeavour to erect an Independent 
Government ; for, under the present system, we cannot exert our strength, 
neither does Congress seem disposed to protect us, for we are informed 
that those very troops which Congress directed the several States to raise 
for the defence of the western country are disbanded. I have just dropped 
this hint to your Exc'y for matter of reflection; if some step is not 
taken for protection, a little time will prove the truth of the opinion. Be- 
fore I close my letter, my Duty to support the Dignity of this District 
compels me to remonstrate against a late order of Council. I have been 
requested by the Attorney-General for the Eastern District to carry into 
effect such measures as should appear to be necessary for punbhing Gen'l 
Clarke and others for their conduct at Vincennes last Fall, and make re- 
port to him. This direction, I perceive, to be authotized by the order of 
♦Council, of the 28th of February, whereby the Attorney-General is di- 
rected to call upon the Att'y-Gen'l of Kentucky, &c 

* It appeared from letters received from Thomas Marshall, EsqV., by the Ex- 
ecutive of Virginia, dated at Danville, Kentucky, that Gen'l Geo. R. Clarke had 
undertaken, without authority, to raise recruits, nominate officers, and impress 


The honor and Dignity of this District call upon me to disavow such a 
power, and that is the Executive alone who are to call upon me in cases 
of this nature, and to them alone am I to make a report. I shall be 
always happy to receive the counsell and advice of the Att*y-Gen*l of the 
Eastern District, but never can acknowledge him as my superior. 

I have the Honor to be your 

Exc'y's most obed*t Serv*t. 

Circular to the Governor of Virginia, 



July aist 

July 2ist 

From Charles Thomson, Secretary of Congress, enclosing copy of a Office of 
Treaty between the U. States and the Emperor of Morocco, ratified on ^on^r^s^^ 
the 1 8th July, 1787, &c. 


Michael James to Lieut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph. 

The damage the Patriot Received, by loosing Her mast some time 
ago in the bay, has prevented my gating the Liberty Filled before now, 
the carpenters being Employed Repairing her. The Liberty could have 
been fited before this time, but finding her bottom much eat with the 
worm and I am obliged to a number of planks out of her Bottom, but 
shall have her fited in ten days at most. We formerly mounted six 
swivels and qianed with ten men, but can accommodate four or five with 
convenience, and think it necessary to have some more muskets and pis- 
tols and cutlasses, as we have two few of them. 

July aad 

Hudson Muse, Naval Officer, to Bev. Randolph, L't-Governor, July aad 

In regard to the Returns required of his ofHce. Is aware that almost all 
the naval officers fail to make out proper reports, and apologises for his, 
on the ground that when sent he had not received the Instructions from 
the Executive. 


Negro Slave, 

July 23d 

Tried before the County Court for Burglary, and stealing Bacon to the Southamp- 
value of Twenty -Three shillings, condemned to suffer death by hanging, ^" ^^^^ ^ 
but Pardoned. 

provisions in the District of Kentucky, for the defence of the Post at Vincennes, 
and had, for this purpose, also seized the property of Spanish subjects, contrary 
to the laws of nations. Clarke was at once notified that his conduct was not only 
disavowed by the Government of Virginia, but that their displeasure was incurred 
thereby, and that the Attomey-Geni of Kentucky had been instructed to take 
steps to bring to punishment the offenders. The State of Virginia, by special 
proclamation of her Governor, was to disavow the acts of Clarke. 


1787. Circular, Enclosing an Act of Congress, to the Governor of 


sJ^ e^ of ^^'"^^''S^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ presentation of claims against the U. S. Govern- 
Congress ment, &c. 

July 26th Wm. Rose, Keeper of the Public Jail, 

Richmond Notifies the Governor that he has several ill men, but no medicine for them, 
and desirii^ an order on some Druggist to deliver me such medicine untill 
the meeting of the next Gen'l Court, &c. He would wait in person upon 
his Excellency, but the condemned malefactors having cut off their Irons, 
he does not think it safe to go from home. 


Richmond As Colonel of militia of Chesterfield Co., granted by Beverly Randolph, 
Lieut. Governor, &c., the Governor being absent and having previously 
notified his intention of being absent to the Privy Council, and such inten- 
tion having been entered on their Journals, &c. 

July 27th Certain Alterations 

In Council Made in the Instructions to naval officers, &c. Instead of the Invoices 
being entered verdalim^ as formeriy required, an entry in the book of In- 
voices describing the particular kind of Goods, the sum total of each 
person's importation and the dudes thereon may suffice, taking care to 
endorse upon the back of each Invoice, the time of the entry, the amount 
of the duties, and that they are paid, or secured, to be paid, &c. A form 
also prescribed, which appears in all Reports found. 


New York Enclosing a copy of Signals agreed upon between the United States and 
Office for the Emperor of Morocco, by which their respective vessels are to be re- 
affaire^ cognized at sea. Vesseb going from Virginia to be supplied with 
copies, &c. 


The following Signab are agreed upon between Commodore Rais 
Farache, on the part of his Majesty, the Emperor of Morocco, and the 
Hon'ble Thomas Barclay, Esq., Agent for the United States of America 


on their part, to die End that the Vessds of both Parties may be known 17^* 
to each other at sea. July 27th 

For Vessels of two or three masts : 

In the Day a blue Pendant is to be hoisted on the end of the Main 
Yard, and in the ni§^ht a Lantern is to be hoisted on the same place. 

For Vessels of one mast only : 

In the Day a blue Pendant is to be hoisted at the Mast-Head, and 
in the Night a Lantern is to be hoisted on the Ensign Staff. 

Done at Morocco, the ninth Day of the month of Ramadan, in the 

year one thousand two hundred. 



Bond of Charles Lee, July 29th 

As naval officer for South Potomac District, in the penalty of five thou- 
sand pounds, lawful money of the Commonwealth, &c. 

(Signed) CHARLES LEE and 


A Negro Slave, July 30th 

Tried by the County Court for Burglary, and Stealing from the house Brunswick 
articles valued at £^2, o. o., condemned and sentenced to suffer death ^ 

by hanging. Recommended for Executive Clemency, &c. Valued at 
;^75. o. o., current money. 

MicHAL James to Bev. Randolph, Esq. August ist 


I wrote you the first * stage, after my return from Norfolk, Informing Hampton 

you the Situation of the Patriot, and Immediately Employed Mr. Price to 

get her fited as soon as possable. Mr. Barron informed me she Leaked 

very much when in the Bay, and when the Carpenters Elxamined her 

Bottom, finding it much eat by the worm, which Obliged me to have her 

Cleaned. Mr. Barron will inform you the condition she was in on his 

arrival at Richmond. The Liberty will be Ready in Three or four days. 

The bad weather has Prevented my getting her Ready before this time. 

I am Your H. Ob't Serv't. 

*This word applies here to a variety of coach used in Virginia and elsewhere 
before the introduction of Railways, and which transported the mails as well as 




Numerously Signed Petition of Inhabitants of Dinwiddie, 

August 3d Prince George and Surry Counties, praying for the Pardon of two Slaves 
condemned to death for Burglary, and stealing certain pieces of meat and 
a small quantity of meal, &c. The culprits express great contrition ; 
were induced to perpetrate the crime to satisfy hunger, &c. They promise 
to be faithful servants in future if they can obtain the favor many others 
before have found in the eyes of the ExecuHvey &c. Among the names 
appended are Boiling, Banister, Barksdale, Withers, Campbell, Weiseger, 
Gregory, Eustis, Townes, and others. 

August 3d 

J AS. Innes, Att'y-Gen'l to Gov. Randolph. 

Sir : 

Richmond In compliance with the Request of the Executive I herewith to you 

my observations on the Extract of Doctor Stuart's Letter relative to the 
true meaning and force of the Compact Law between Virginia and Mary- 

The Laws of the State of Virginia, respecting duties and customs, can- 
not be affected or in any degree suspended by the Compact between this 
State and Maryland, unless it be by some express Article clearly and 
explicitly referring to and repealing such Laws. 

The object of this Compact seems to extend no farther than to ascertain 
and designate, on principles of mutuality, the determinate and unequivo- 
cal rights which each State should assert and exercise on the waters and 
appendages of the Potowmacke, which formerly were subject to a mixed 
and undefined Jurisdiction. The fourth Article of the Compact is the 
only one which in any manner suspends or repeals any of our Commer- 
cial Regulations, and those which are affected by the fourth Article are 
repealed only so far as they extend to the vessels of Maryland of particu- 
lar and specified dimensions, and laden with particular and specified 

Before the passage of the Compact Law, vessels of all dimensions 
importing any cargoe, of what kind or nature it might be, from any 
foreign port or place whatsoever (which words by an explanatory Act of 
the Assembly were made to comprehend the United States of America) 
were subject to Tonnage and port duties. The natural and plain con- 
struction of the fifth article demonstrates that this law, farther than in the 
instance given, was not intended to introduce any change into the Com- 
mercial Regulations of the respective States. By this Article all Com- 
mercial vesseb, except those already spoken of, which may navigate the 
potowmacke, are directed to enter in one or both States according to the 
Laws of the State in which the Entry shall be made. 

The meaning of this clause is obvious, notwithstanding the last line 
(from probably a Typographical error) seems a little involved. As com- 


mercial vessels navigating the Potowmacke can with ease trade in either i7^7- 
one or both States at their option, therefore under this clause of the Com- August 3d 
pact Law it is directed that they shall enter, as circumstances shall re- 
quire, either in one State only, if they confine their trade to one State, or 
in both States if they extend their trade and derive increased emolu- 
ments from the commerce of the two States. 

And whenever, on account of the Extension of their traffic, it should 
become necessary to make entries in both States such Entries should be 
conformable to the Laws of the respective States. Had the words " State 
and Entry" in the last line been in the plural number, which appears 
necessary, to give proper force to the sentence of which it is a part, the 
meaning must have been too plain for scepticism itself to carp at. I trust, 
however, when the following reasons are attended to, the construction I 
give the Law will be found to be a just one. It has been observed be- 
fore that no one of the Regulations of Virginia relating to Customs can 
be considered as repealed by the Compact Law, unless there be some 
direct and negative clause in the said Law contravening some particular 
regulation established by the Laws of Virginia. 

The fourth article appears to be only part of this Law which has such 
an operation ; it ought to be noted, too, that even that clause has but a 
partial and defined Energy. The particular forms and modes of Entry 
required, as well as the precise Quantum of Imports assessed by the 
respective States in consequence of their reserved Sovereignty in such 
cases, being things extraneous to the object, are left unimpugned by this 
Law, consequently they remain as they were before the ratification of the 
Compact The Laws of Virginia direct that before any nation shall reap 
the advantages of a Commercial Intercourse with the citizens thereof, 
certain forms shall be complied with and stipulated duties paid ; and that 
in all cases where these prerequisites are not complied with certain for- 
feitures ensue. The right of Virginia independantly to regulate her com- 
merce being unquestionable, it cannot be inferred that a Licence to trade 
with the citizens of Maryland, after having complied with the requisites 
of the Laws of that State, gives a sanction to trade with the citizens of 
Virginia with't having complied with her requisites also. If Virginia as 
a Sovereign and independant State, in matters of trade, has a right to 
enforce the penalties of its Commercial Laws within its own Jurisdiction, 
and it possesses a common Jurisdiction with Maryland on the River Po- 
tcwmacke, it surely follows that if the Laws of Virginia have been vio- 
lated on the Potowmacke^ it rightfully possesses of enforcing the legal 
penalties ensuing such violation anywhere within the verge of that River. 

But the last clause of the fifth article of the Compact expressly enjoins 
what, had it omitted, must necessarily have resulted, firom reasoning 
relatively, on the operations of this Law, as it bears reference to the Com- 
mercial Regulations of the respective States whose convenience it was 
meant to accommodate. The words are, " where any vessel shall make 
an Entry in both States, such vessel shall be subject to Tonnage in each 


iTh7- Stale ooly ki propotUon to the CDamodities 
Au^uibt ^ ik4Ut.** by tiiib clainic. it is ptaio tfam a vcwd tndiag vitb bodi 

must pay. U>' apfMMtkiOfDent. TomH^ to <acb State; but bdove Tfiii^|,r 
cac U: aMxnsuoed ac Eotiy of tbe voad must be flnde at tbe naval ofioc 
aod tbe Tocuki^e-fiKMiey paid doara. It iu ew Aiabij faOoaPB. then, that 
outer vtdibrdfr caocxrt trade vitb WxgaiA before Tooo^ge m paid, and 
Toou4i;e caoiKH be paid beftwe Eotfy of tbe ^\wm\ u vcaMl breaking 
hulk, aod uadicig before ^otry. beti^ subject to oonfiaaiiaa bjr iBut Laas 
of cbi£ Scarte wichiii tbe juriadictioo tbereof ; and dw State bavn^ a 
current jurisdiotioo with Maryland, froai AtoK to diore of tbe 
macke, it f 'loas a» an ioevitafale conaequenoe, dcavn iraa iBut 
itself, cbat fiucb an ofleooe coamiitled a^^ainat W]g;intaontbe 
is aoyirhcre punisbaUe widbiD tbe Boundaries of tbM Rhcr aad tbe 
waters tbereto appending. 

Tbe same principles apply with equal force where l afciagmi enta have 
beeo ma^ of tbe clause of the Act of Aasemblf oonoemtng naval offi- 
cers and tbe Collection of Duties, arfaich peremtorily idbBati tibe Sale €i 
mercantile articles Uom on Board the yesiels arfaich transpoit tbem. In 
casck of such illicit oonunerce with the cstixens €i this Commonwealth 
tbe g^iods sold, as well as tbe vessel from whence they were sold, are sub- 
ject to condemiiatioo as fully oo tbe waters of the Paiowtmmcke as if the 
oflbnce had been committed within the banks of the RappakoMnock, As 
it has been asserted in the course of these observations that the entrance 
of a vessel navigating the Potowmacke will not under the Gmn;^/ justify 
an illicit commerce with Virgfinia, it .remains to be considered how &r a 
vessel, after having violated tbe Commercial Laws of >nrginia, shall 
escape the penal consequences thereof by withdrawing berBelf to the 
Maryland shore of the Potowmacke. 

The Eleventh article of the Compact must either be con»dered as a 
dead Letter^ or it must be construed as mutually extending the Jurisdic- 
tion of the respective States, in the instances therein mention'd, to every 
part of the confines of the said States, as far as they are washed by the 
waters of the Potowmacke and Pocomoke Rivers and the Bay of Chesa- 
peake. The words of this Article are strong and unequivocal, ** Thai 
af^y person or property removed^ after committing a violaHan of the Com- 
mercial Regulations of either State, may be taken on amy part of the 
Chesapeake Bay, or the Rivers aforesaid, by a process of the State from 
which such person shall fly, or property be removed,*^ It having been 
before established that the Potowmacke is within the Jurisdiction of the 
State of Virginia, the conclusion which forces itself on tbe mind r espec t - 
ing the operation of this clause, is too plain to be commented on. 

For the reasons above stated, I am humbly of this opinion that* when- 
ever any vessels shall commit an offence on the waters of the Potow- 
macke against the Conmiercial Regulation oi Virginia, they may be taken, 
by legal process, from the said State on any part of the Rivers Potow- 
macke and Pocomoke, or of the Bay of Chesapeake, where the Jurisdic- 



dons of the two States are concurrent : provided, such vessels be on float, 17^7. 
or are lying between high and low water mark ; and thus, vice versa, with August 3d 
respect to Maryland. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Y'r most ob't Serv't 

Proceedings of the County Court 

In the case of the negro slave Sawney, the property of William Cham- 
berlayne, convicted of having been engaged in burning the Prison and 
Qerk's Office of that County on the night of the 15th July, 1787, and 
sentenced to suffer death by hanging. The entire Court, numbering 
seven magistrates, sign a petition to the Executive recommending the 
pardon of said Slave. 

August 7th 

New Kent 

Christopher Roane, Searcher, to Gov. Randolph, 

Explaining how a package of fruit sent from Philadelphia as a present to 
a gentleman had been unawares detained by him, altho* it did not appear 
on the manifest of the Phtladeiphia Packet entering the Custom Office at 
Norfolk. He regrets that some one of the Council does not go down and 
inspect the Office under his charge, and he is sure that were this to take 
place it would be seen then no one man will be able to do the business as 
the law requires. &c. At the port of City Point there has been about 
sixty-five vessels discharged their cargoes the last Quarter at that place. 


Will. Clayton, Clerk, to Lieut.-Gov. Randolph, 

August 8th 

Enclosing an Information, sworn to, concerning the burning of the Prison New Kent 
and clerk's office, &c, to-wit : ^^""^^ 

" The confession of Thomas Green, Labourer, made on the 7th day of 
August, in the year 1787, and taken before us, the subscribers, magistrates for 
the County of New Kent. On Sunday, the 15th day of July last past, John 
Price Posey, came to this Informant's house a little after dark, and re- 
quested this Informant to go a litde way with him to assist about a par- 
ticular piece of business he had to do ; that Posey brought a horse for this 
Informant to ride ; that they soon after set out down the road toward the 
Courthouse. After riding a litde distance, Posey informed this Informant 
that he wanted to come and bum the Damn'd Prison down ; that they ac- 
cordingly came to the Prison, the doors of which being open, the said 
Posey, who had two n^roes under his command, ordered them to carry 
into the said Prison a sufficient quanuty of Fence Raib and shingles, in 
order to consume the same, after which the said Posey apply' d to this 
Depcmeot for a Flint, Steel, and Tinder-box to strike and catch Fire with, 



1787. which was, by this Deponent delivered to one of the said negroes, who 
August 8th accordingly struck and caught Fire with the same, which was applied to 
the Rails and Shingles by the said John Price Posey's directions, by 
means whereof the said Prison was burnt and consumed. That immedi- 
ately after this action he, the said John Price Posey, together with this 
Deponent and the aforesaid two negroes, proceeded back again up the 
Public Road imtill they had arrived near to the clerk's office of the said 
county, when the said Posey said thar was another Damn'd object that 
must be destroyed, too, and Damn'd himself if that should not go. Upon 
which, afler coming within about two hundred yards of the said office, a 
Fire was struck and kindled by and under the direction of the said Posey, 
which was conveyed to the said office and kindled thereto, by means of 
which the said office was burnt down and consumed. That the whole of 
these Transactions were immediately under the direction and at the insti- 
gation of the said John Price Posey." 

The above and foregoing information was taken before us from Thomas 
Green, upon a fair and due examination upon oath, and the confession of 
the contents thereof was made to us and in our presence without coer- 
cion, Fee, or reward. 

Given under our hands this seventh Day of August, 1787. 


A true copy — Teste: 

Will. Clayton, 

CVk N. K. C. 


August 8th David Ross to Maj. Charles Langham, Superintendent at 

Point of Fork. 
Point of As all matters respecting the Ground to be Transferred by me to the 

^^ Commonwealth is in a fair way to an accommodation, and being unwilling 

that you should be put to any further trouble respecting the boring mill 
to be erected on said land, I give my consent to your raising a dam 
fourteen or fifteen feet high, and I do hereby, for myself and for my heirs, 
Ex'ors and adm'rt's, relinquish and forever quit claim to all Right, Title 
and demand to any satisfaction for the Damage you may do by overflow- 
ing my land by the pond occasioned by a dam of the height above-men- 
tioned, and 'tis perfectly agreeable to me that you proceed without the 
formality and expence of an Inquest. 
Given under my hand on the date (Aug. 8th) above-mentioned. 


John Nicholas, Rd. James, and Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1787. 

Having been appointed by the Executive of the State to fix the value of August 8th 

twenty -four acres of land (a plot of which is herewith found) in the County 

of Fluvanna, upon which the Barracks stand, &c. , give their opinion, viz : 

John Nicholas and R. James estimate its value, including the Spring, as 

per agreement enclosed, at Two hundred and fifty Pounds current money . 

of Virginia, and Wibon Cary Nicholas at one hundred pounds for the 

same, &c. 

James M. McRea, Searcher, to , August 8th 

In Regard to the late affair of the Schooner Dart, which, he regrets to Alexandria 

say, had escaped, and representing the great difficulties and expence to 

which he is subjected in the execution of his official duties. Prays on this 

account for increase of his salary, &c. 

Colo. Peter Wagener to Gov. Ed. Randolph, August 9th 

Enclosing demand from the authorities of Maryland, a demand for certain Fairfax 
ordnance stores borrowed by the State of Virginia, &c., under the follow- county 
ing circumstances : 

"In the year 1781, when the British vessels were cruising up and down 
Potomack, I borrowed from the State of Maryland three pieces of cannon 
with some military stores for the defence of the Town of Alexandria, having 
at that time received orders from the Executive to put the Town in as good 
defence as possible. Colo. Hooe being well acquainted with the Governor 
of Maryland, I prevailed on him to write for the cannon, &c., and hired 
waggons to go to Anapolis for them. They are now applied for as by the 
inclosed Letter and List from Governor Smallwood to Colo. Hooe. The 
cannon is at Alexandria. Most of the powder was expended by the militia 
at different times when on duty. The remainder, with the other articles, 
was often moved from house to house in Town, and now, upon inquiry, are 
not to be found. Your Excellency will please to direct in what manner 
the cannon is to be sent to Anapolis and the powder, &c., to be replaced." 

I have the honor to be your 

Excellency's most obed't Serv't. 

A. Blair to Col. Wm. Heth, August loth 

In R^^ard to western accounts. Bills, &c., drawn by G. R. Clark and 
others. He cannot furnish from his office any information concerning 
them, in as much as the books for lyjg and 1780 were all destroyed by the 


1787. Leighton Wood, J'n'r, 

Auicust nth 

Richinond Makes report of state of certain Fore^ daimants' aooounts, with re- 
sonator's t_ OL OL 

office marks, &c., &c 
August i2th Samu'l Kello to Likut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph, 

Southamp- Interceding for a slave, the property of Mr. Miles Gary, of that County, 
Rouc^^ui ^^^ sentence of death for having entered a meat-hoose and stolen there- 
from thirty-five pounds of bacon. After stating the drcnmstances of the 
case, his confidence in the Court, inu of wham was a clergyman^ and ex- 
pressing Mr. Cary's anxiety in r^fard to his slave, he proceeds : " But 
waving every other circumstance, as the theft is only a triflii^ one of 
35 lbs. bacon, I have some hope you will step in between the sentence and 
execution of our rigorous, I had allmost said unjust. Laws. For the sake of 
humanity I cou'd wish something short of Death was substituted for small 
crimes, and for our reputation among nations I oou'd wid, too, that the 
trial of slaves was still further amended, and that prqg^nant circumstances, 
as our Law calls them, might noi be permiiUd to condemn a black man 
more than a white one. As this fellow of Bfr. Car3r's has not a very good 
diaracter, and there is the utmost probability of his being guilty of the 
theft laid to his charge, I have Mr. Carey's promise, and will pledge my- 
self for the performance of it, to transport lum to some of the West India 
islands on his being taken from prison. 

I am persuaded, if I have not forgot your character since our youthful 
acquaintance, that you will not think your time misapplied in performing 
this act of humanity. 

I am, sir, with respect and esteem, 

Your most ob*t, humble Serv't, &c. 

August i2th Capt. Richard Taylor to Lieut.-Gov. Randolph. 


Hampton The Boat "^P^oriot only got to Norfolk with Colo. Stark's £unily on 

Friday last, having a very tedious passage Down, being cheifly becalm' d. 
I am sorry to inform you that the carpenter only finished his work on 
board the Liberty last night * * * * 

I have thought it best to Despatch Mr. Barron of with the Libertyf to 
potowmack. He will leave this on Teusday at £uthest, at which time I 

*This vessel at this time mounted 8 swivels on carriages; had 9 muskets, and 
6 pistols, with powder-horns, flints, cutlasses, &c., with the usual cabin, cook and 
carpenter's stores. 

fThe Liberty mounted 6 swivels, had 9 muskets and 3 bayonets, six pistols and 
five cutlasses. Both carried hour-glasses instead of clocks. 


shall go out with the Patriot about the Bay and Eastern Shore. The 20th 1787. 
of the month Colo. Stark has ordered the Patriot to meet him at Norfolk Aug^ust 12th 
to take him to the Eastern Shore Offices. Inclos'd I send you an Inven- 
tory of the tackle and stores belonging to Each Boat. They are Both 
Badly found, and sails and Rigging much wore, &c. You will see there 
is very litde salt provisions on hand, and no Biscuit. I am very anxious 
to get the liberty of to her Station and to get out into the Bay with the 
Patriot myself, &c. ♦ ♦ * * * * 

I have the Honour, Sir, to be 

Y'r most Obed't Serv't. 

James Bryans August 14th 

Required by the Court to pay a fine of Five pounds, and be charged Rockbridge 
with trible taxes for failing to make proper return of his taxable property, county 
real and personal, &c. 

B. Stark to Lieut.-Gov. Bey. Randolph, August 14th 

Informing him of his having hired a vessel in which to transport to Rich • Norfolk 
mond the 12 cases of cartridge boxes so long stored at Portsmouth, 
together with 100 barrels of powder and 100 reams of cartridge paper 
arriv'd a few da)rs ago from France in the Comte D* artois. * * 

The freight is enormous, but as it was fixed by the State Agent it must be 
submitted to, to-wit : 23 Ton measure at 60 Livres p'r Ton, &c. The 
Liberty had gone up to Potomack on that morning. 

Arthur Campbell to Gov. Edmund Randolph, of Va., August i6th 

Enclosing an extract of a letter from C^pt. Nevill in regard to the move- Washington 
ments of the Cherokee Indians under one Alexander McGillivray. He county 
is just informed that this villiane had already marched at the head of 
Seven hundred Indians and Tories to attack the Southern Settlements of 
Kentucky and the setdement in No. Carolina called Cumberland. He 
has also negotiated a peace with Georgia, only that he may return and 
attack that State should his present expedition be successful. 

Extract of a Letter 

From a Gendeman now in the Cherokee Country to his friend in Vir- 
ginia, dated Aug't 2d, 1787 : 

" Through a channel that may be credited, I am informed that Alex- 
ander McGillivray is using his utmost exertions to engage the Creek In- 


1787. diaos in a War not only with Georgia but the Western parts of Virginia 
August i6th and No. Carolina. He has said to some of his friends that his object is to 
make the war as hot as possible at first, which will induce overtures for 
peace, and make the United States be glad to grant advantageous terms, 
such as to acknowledge the independence and sovereignty of the Creek 
nation, and admit them as a member of the federal Union. 

*' A great number of Tories and other White desperadoes have taken 
refuge in the Creek Country. McGillivray was a noted one, but has 
lately ingratiated himself into the good graces of the Spanish Command- 
ant at Mobile ; is now agent for His Catholic majesty in the Creek nation, 
and a Colo, in the Spanish pay, and of late has usurped the r^al autho- 
rity over the Indians. McGillivray seems to be possessed of abilities ; 
has an insatiable ambition for honor and being aggrandized, and may 
not be much inferior to Hyder Ally had he the same opportunity. 

'* Upon the whole, there is reason to beleive that the whole is a plan of 
the Court of Spain to curtail the United States of part of their territory. 
If that be the case, there cannot be top great care taken to disconcert 
them. If the Creek nation was well humbled, and the nest of Tories 
that is settled among them routed and drove out of the Country I think 
we might have a lasting peace; otherwise, we may expect that the longer 
it is delayed our enemies will become more numerous and formidable." 

August 2ist Richard Whelin, Keeper of the Magazine, 

Gives receipt to Capt. Cunningham for one hundred barrek of Gunpow- 
der, one Hundred reams of Cartridge paper, and Twelve large Boxes, 
containing Cartridge Boxes, Belts, &c. 


Of different sizes, &c., built at Gloster, in Virginia, &c. 

August 24th Record in the Case of a Negro Slave, 


Philadelphia The property of Stephen Tancard, of Norfolk, Va., who had gone off with 
the Hessians during the Revolution, was sold by a Capt Litde to Samuel 
Hines, of St. Croix, in the West Indias, and having been hired by Capt. 
Barton to work on board his vessel, trading to Philadelphia from that 
Port, ran away from the latter while his vessel was going up the river to 
Philadelphia. The same negro, under the name of Thomas Willaims, 
was subsequently tried and convicted of having committed Burglary and 
theft in Philadelphia, and sentenced to seven years' hard labor. In the in* 


dictment he is described as a yoeman. Upon demand being made by Sam'l 1787. 
Hines upon the Captain of the vessel for the value of his slave, the latter August 34th 
enters a petition to the authorities of Pennsylvania for protection against 
loss, he being responsible to Hines for the return of slave or his value in 
gold at St. Croix, estimated at two hundred Spanish milled Dollars, &c. 

A Negro Slave, August 34th 

Tried and convicted and sentenced to suffer death by hanging, for the Fluvanna 
crime of burglary and theft, to the amount of fifteen shillings, &c.. Re- county 
commended by the Justices for pardon, &c. 

Jas. M. McRea to Hon. Bev. Randolph, August 34th 

Enclosing certain depositions, showing how the supposed informants in Alexandna 

the case of the schooner Dart had been maltreated by disguised and 

armed sailors. One of the sufferers, David Motley, testified that while 

walking in the suburbs of Alexandria at night, he said aloud. Huzza for 

the Orange and blue^^ alluding to the Colours of the Pensyivania line in 

which he served in the late war, &c. It was proven also that Colo. Hooe 

gave countenance to the resistance of the Capt. and crew of the Dart when 

the attempt to seize her under the law was made, and that he used the 

words, ^* Knock the Damned Imperious Raskal down and don't suffer 

him to make Seizure, &cy 

Alex. Barnett, Co. Lieut., to Gov. Ed. Randolph, August 39th 

Since his last communication the Indians had again attacked the Russell 
frontier on the ninth of July last, and killed the wife of John Carter county 
and six childring, plundered his house and then set fire to it, consuming 
the seven corps to ashes. As soon as information of this disaster reached 
him he ordered out a party of men as Rangers, but to no purpose ; they 
had made good their retreat. Such visits may be constantly expected 
unless measures are taken to station men at intervals along the t}iickly 
setded frontier, to give warning of the approach of the Indians. Unless 
this or some other step be taken, the continual destruction of the crops and 
the insecure state of the people will cause the country to be evacuated. 
If authorized to do so, he can with a company of Twenty men at a time, 
provided with ready -prepared food, to be levied upon the people and paid 
for afterwards, keep the country protected. This will be better accomplished 
if the men be assured of their pay and the people a fair price for their 
provisions. He finds it impossible to send correct returns of the militia, 


17^. from tbe impossibiiity of getting diciD all togedier at tbe mostier. Espe- 

August ^1 daliy is this tbe case is tbe Spring. wbeD tbe mcD mnat remais al borne 

to prepare for tbeir crops and protect tbeir£Baiubes,tbfsi conndered most in 

dai^er. Sffods a ReconunendatioQ for Sberifll TmsiB bis ExcdicDcy 

will reply at ODoe, and conatder tbe wants of ^lat c ouulry , &c. 

August jotb Willis Wilson to Gov. Randolph, 

Surry Deliefidiag himself against tbe malicious information lodged against him 
county i^y .^ certain Wil. Boyce, of Surr}-, who accused him of having violated 
tbe Revenue Law while acting Sheriff of the coumy. He collected tbe 
revenue of J7S3, paid into tbe Treasury many pounds of Sflver and Gold, 
which be did not receive of tbe people for their Rev. tax, but for thdr 
levies and d'k's tickets, which be conceived to be contrary to tbe letter, 
but surely not to tbe Spint and meaning of that law. He bad done this 
to avoid the Judgments hangii^ over him, and to p re v e nt die sale of his 
own personal property and that of bis sureties. Money thus raised would 
not be money paid by tbe people ibr taxes. He bad, by paying in tbe 
money, been enabled to indulge tbe people rather than sell their effects, 
and take tbe beds from under them. He proceeds to give tbe reasons 
why Boyce desires to Uast his own and tbe dbaracter of Colo. Richard 
Cocke, and shows how Boyce, when made shenff, went about getting sig- 
natures to his complaint against him under threats of forcing tbe prompt 
collection of dues from the people, many of whom had apologized to 
him afterwards when the facts of the complaints were explained, &a 
After referring to Carter B, Harrison, Esq*r., who could sadsfy any en- 
quiry as to how he had conducted the business of his office, he draws 
attention to the doubtful conduct of Boyce while acting as overseer for 
Sir Peyton Skipwith, and how he was known to have so maltreated a 
slave as to cause his death in the year 1786. On this occasion he was 
tried, but not convicted of the crime ; and the people were so indignant 
that (he magistrates had allowed a man to run at large amongst them that 
deserved hanging, that Colo. John Cocke, upon consultation with him 
(Wilson), procured another warrant for his arrest, which resulted in a new 
trial. Boyce was, however, again cleared for want of evidence. This he 
insists forms the ground of Boyce's pique against Colo. Cocke and him- 


»^^ Sir: 

The Commotion among the people of this * County has totally sub- 
sided. The leaders have made a voluntary renunciation of their objects, 
and submitted to the Court, who, after receiving the Concessions, have 

* Greenbrier county. 


dsmascd " Tn^ i i- Tbe sppr^rensicix which chey bad will ensure tucur^ i?^- 
peshcc rn dx» qoanser. Nocmng is now calked oi' buc subati:$siott co L;4W Sjvc^foiN?r 
aod Orcficr. and die proof is scroop, as die pnncipaL a Mr. Mj^hew^ is ^^ 

now in Castodr tor Debc I give this laceiligeaof js a dlia^ chat will oot 
be nnp&easiigr 

And have die Honor w be vour mo. H*bte. 

Bond or GeokoC Oldham S?vc^jber 

In die penalty of One dioosand doQurs in Specie, he being co<xiaiicisk>a4?d v^^u^joKwk^ 
Seardier for die Dbtrict albrcsakL 4c. Acvx>av*c 

James Ixxes, Attorney-Generau to Gow Ranix^ Sei^^w^bec 


On re\-iewing my Letter to the Executive, of the twenty^xth \>f 
June last, I find I have £dlen into an Error, which I take this o|>|H^rtunitY 
of correcting. >Mien I advised that the Inspectors of Byul*s, Shockoe« 
Manchester, Rocky Ridge, and Rockett*s Warehouses should collect and 
account for the duties accruing from the Tobaccos in the upper Ware* 
houses, I was in part erronious. The Inspectors of the Warehouses 
above the Falls are entided to collect all the duties arising on Tobacco 
inspected at their respective Warehouses, except the augmented duty 
imposed by an Act of the last Session of Assembly for the use of Con- 
gress. The reasons which induce me to think that the Inspectors at the 
upper Warehouses cannot collect the last additional duty of six shillings) 
are these: Because the act of exporting or shipping the Tob*o. which 
must happen at the time the duty is demanded, cannot take place at the 
upper Warehouses. The Inspectors above, by the act for Establishing 
certain Inspections, are to deliver the Tobacco from the respective Ware- 
houses for iransportaHan, but this Tobacco is to be delivered at the lower 
Warehouses, to-wit : Byrd's, &c., and by them to be redelivered for Ex- 
portation when required. 

Now as the Tobacco cannot be delivered for exportation by the In« 
spectors above, it follows that they cannot demand the additional duty, 
which is only demandable on the delivery of the Tobacco for exportation. 
It may be supposed from the words used in the Act of the last Session — 
passed at and shipped from— that the additional duty laid by that Act is 
demandable at the Warehouses where the Tobacco is inspected. Hut 
when it is noted that two acts are requisite by law, and both of which 
must happen previous to the accruing of the duty, and that but one of 
these can take place at the upper Warehouses, the terror of such an 

Opinion must be obvious. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 



1787. Gov. Edmund Randolph to the Lieut.-Governor of Virginia. 

Sept^ber j^ ^ former letter I requested you to mform me concerning the dis- 

Philadelohia ^^^''^'^^^^ said to prevail in Greenbriar. Since I wrote, a private corres- 
pondent has represented to me that commotions are rising in some other 
important counties. I must therefore repeat my intreaty to you for a par- 
ticular detail on this subject, as I shall not consider myself as authorized 
to remain here longer than I can prepare for my return, if the confusions 
be truly stated. I expect to leave this place on Saturday, Seven night. 

I have the honor, Sir, to be, 

With great respect and esteem, 

Y*r mo. ob. Serv't. 

September Spencer Roane to the Governor of Virginia. 

^^ Sir: 
Essex Remote as I am from the seat of public Business, and divested of 

county every public Occupation, I, nevertheless, hold it my Duty, as a citizen 
anxious for the Prosperity of my Country, to give your Excellency and 
hon'ble Council any Information which may come within my knowledge 
touching a matter of public concern. Under this Impression, and from 
the solicitation of a number of respectable citizens in this county, I have 
taken the liberty to address you respecting a nomination of magistrates 
made by the Court of Essex County at their last session. As it is proba- 
ble that the Recommendation af's'd has, before this, reached the Council, 
I will content myself now, and those whose sentiments I convey, by de- 
claring that, in one instance^ the said Recommendation is extremely dis- 
satisfactory to a number of the best people in this part of the country. I 
mean in that the Court have recommended Mes. Smith and Rob*t Bev- 
erly, Esq'r's, to be reinstated zs they stood in the commission of the Peace 
before the war. 

With respect to the first of these gentlemen, little objection is made to 
his being reinstated, for he lost his seat as a magistrate by being elsewhere 
engaged in the public service. But against the reinstating Robert Bev- 
erly, Esq'r., or even admitting him to the magistracy at all, there are, I 
humbly conceive, numberless ^d insurmountable objections. 

ist. That Gentleman, being freely and honorably chosen a committee- 
man for Essex at the beginning of the late war, refused to^ct, and was soon 
after, his sentiments becoming known, disarmed by the Committee of 
Essex for being a Tory. 

2d. He was summoned, by order of the Court of Essex, during the 
war, to take his seat as a magistrate, but refused, declaring that he never 
would act in any public Business so long as the war continued. 

3d. He was once, in the Infatuation of the County of Elssex, during the 
war, elected a Delegate in the most honorable manner^ u e., without offer- 


ing himself a candidate or being present, whereupon he had thoughts of 17^7* 
going to the Assembly and made preparations for his journey, but hearing September 
of the Capture of Charles Town (Charleston) he stopped short and never ^ 
went from home. 

4th. He associated during the war only with men of sentiments notori- 
ously inimical to the cause of America, and avowed, as I have been often- 
times informed, his sentiments to be of the like sort. 

5th. He always has been, and, as I am credibly informed, sit// ts, averse 
to our present Government. 

6th. He absented himself from his parish church upon the alterations 
being made in the Liturgy and Service in Favor of the Congress, &c., 
and never, as I am informed, appeared there afterwards until the end of 
the war. 

7th. There is a suit now depending ag'st him in the County Court of 
Essex by a poor man, who was obliged to sell the on/y negro he had to 
pay a substitute enlisted by Him as recruiting officer to a Division during 
the war. Mr. Beverly, whose property constituted a great part of the 
Division, taking advantage of this man's inattention to the Law, which 
required that the monies for Enlistment sh'd 6e ac(ua//y deposited with the 
recruiting officer, altho' this man had actually applied to Mr. Beverly for 
his quota, and being for the present put off, enlisted a man, nevertheless^ 
on his own credit, and relied on Mr. Beverly's Honor and assumpsit for 
reimbursement at a future day. This I know to be the Truth. 

8th. He refused toasting Gen'l Washington and the American army 
during the war ; this, I beleive, can be proved. 

These, may, it please your Excellency, are some of the objections which 
exist against this gentleman. I can, if your hon' ble Body sh*d require it, and 
furnish authority for the purpose of procuring Testimony, substantiate a//^ 
or at least the greater part, of the charges above mentioned, and, perhaps, 
many others equally cogent might, upon scrutiny, be added. But I hum- 
bly conceive that a Regard to former Precedents, and particularly the 
Case of the Midd/esex Recommendations, which was not so strong a case 
as the present, and must be still recent in the minds of the hon'ble 
Council A Regard to the general and notorious character of Mr. 
Beverly, independent of any particular charges, but, above all a Regard 
to the soundest Policy, which directs that those who have distinguished 
themselves as Friends, not as enemies^ to their country, should on/y be 
preeminendy rewarded, will, at the present view, dictate to the Hon'ble Ex- 
ecutive the Decision proper to be given. I declare, most solemnly, that 
my Interference herein arises from no private motive whatever. It is such 
an Interference as my conscience would suggest to me against any man 
under like circumstances, and such an one as I humbly trust yV Excel- 
lency and Honors will not deem improper or unbecoming in me or in any 
private citizen whatever. 

Give me leave now to account for this appareni/y unaccountab/e Recom- 
mendation of Essex Court The Court, at the Time of this Recommenda- 


1 7^7- lion, cQimikUul a/mat/ enHrefy of junior magistrates, whose Feelings, conse- 
b»:|ii«:iMlic) qntsnilyi ciiuld not be aflfected by this intended Elevation of the two Gen- 
^*' lluiueii. The 0pUy senior magisiraies present were Jas. Edmundson and 
John Uptihttw. Uimhaw is Judge of the Court, and, consequently, will 
nut Im iirtectrd by the reinstatement, and, I believe, was opposed to the 
n^tsainire, so far as respected Mr. Beverly. Edmundson was exceedingly 
ctKfMapci attsd iit the vote of the Court ; declared in open Court his Feelings 
and kU Kighis greviously aifected, and resolved that, unless y'r hon*ble 
UiMrd Mhoulil reUretMi him, never more to act as a magistrate. Of the junior 
iua|siiilrAlt»i who cumpoiied this Court, were Nennman and John Brock- 
^H^BV, Uah cMiteemt^d to be disaffected to the cause and Govemmoit of 
Au>«»rict^i William Ritchie, who was in Britain and the British Islands all 
\\k!c WAr« A\\A William Waring and Wm. Latane. 

rhu)iA air^ haa the Buaiue^s been accomplished. I can venture to affirm 
«^4iiu| ih« a|]amon of a very large minority of die gmod people of this 
V V^al>\ iMiH), \ bt^iev^, ag'^ the opinioQ of even a fvD Court itsd£ 

t* 41 b«^ ii tarvHi^ mt^ to say that it b wise to keep iq> Hostilities at this 
I Vy «*iv« ^^ittiU th^v^ who have di^y^meJ theoDoehres hr an opposztioo 
Ink thva U4tiv5^ C^ouutiy ; but $im^ wise I\>ticy wS fcirbid thai die sacred 
k Vposfeii ^4 uk^^iU%cv should be giveflt to SQch charactcis^ Ocaoe will 
4h«<^>& <mJU W^bt aiad cottK^iK«ce to m»t : and dbece is no knovn^ 
\iih4t cn/^H (A /ksJicsf i^ PiSikLe m^ J» in ii^iara^ thar GovenxnKnc whaca 
bv UKHorkHjbJv vJi£ihk,<ti juoii abiK>c& But if attnr all v'r hoa'bie Bo«ir 
tJkhaIU xjMvik. ^ht^fiK cvaudt^ntOoiK^ of 3tm21 Weig:hc as if er p^rsstSuf ]rQci 
uiu>-. sui<l> you c«ia i)cv<r think it right tp gtve juch chancoecs josc 
^^au^Mt; \A triumph by kiHSWtg tihsm abo«i«? virtuous and pa ttio c tc !mi^:s- 
Uc^ics. .VkJ u> ihiiiL cdi^i^ L have authority tu jay cnac the imeodifd Ele- 
vaiioii wa^i^ m r^t sp^*:u»i lusiaac^ oi .Mr. Bevtsiy. TTuseby tu fun 
ck TikUittph v^vv'f iht: Wbi|^s^ Mtd tu ^, js it wi^t* ^uttMCt jf J&iichim irr mL 
hiK LM^ v.\HKiu<i : skw if, coa» a aia||isa'ace« win^e Vesw is to ^ervc iis Cjim- 
u V, v;^iiKH >ui^ w^il vi«> it jtf v:Hie E£ud vH dbt: Bench of JtAsdn^ 3& :it jnuchier 

It, ia ihc pccbcui litatfauoi, I li^ve ^poktn ti^y at the dianicsers vit jx- 
aividuuisv 1 irkkii it vniU b« exctt»eJ. bvcaiuM it ts^oniy j:^ nc^mfin^ :xtar 
/>u^K p*uuipte>^ M\si biicuttc it :$c««]m^ to tue indib^icasBibiy necesBBy^ n 
v;ivc VI ls.\ciul<:iK> [Kupcff linieKnidiiioa 'Jtt the Sufitect 'Jt tius .-Uiznss& 
But wii^ I iviv<: iK&e saUi I b^ieivt: I can ^^ove; nor iaivc I any oteecauo 
It t >%«:i«^ !ux>3»;!xtfy ) \suk it >hiMiiQ be :tta*k intfittc 

I .au« 411 Ctt ^rcai R£s»p«ec{« 

V'r Isxoiiteiicv s^iau. jo t jim Ix hii^ 

\^. S. .hte: M 'iK' SeuAOf :iW|ijuRraieSy ^hutn I lave :!«en;» jmi vau 

:r..\i:\.uvi'.t:. :'eiauix» t s ;K-«Aile:>:t> lu jQScivt: :baL -m: .'(fit^ jt -iAertdl .tc 



John Grammar, Clerk of the Hustings Court, 

Certifies that James Strange had qualified before him as a citizen of Vir- 
ginia by taking the oath of fidelity to the Commonwealth of Va. 





Petition of one McKenzie, 


To be releived of sentence of fine and imprisonment for having aided in Albemarle 
the escape of a man who was Sentenced by the WorshipfuU Court to be county 
put in the Stocks for Fighting in the presents of the magistrates, &c. 

Capt. Richard Taylor to Gov. Randolph. 

Giving account of the dilapidated condition of the State Boats, Patriot 
and Liberty, and the bad state of the few provisions on hand. The 
Liberty had just returned from her station in potomack, and is off again. 
He thinks it will be necessary to examine the Patriot as to her soundness. 
Capt. James had not been able to do any duty for some time, which has 
kept him continually on board the Patriot. Capt. Barron still in the 



Alexander Dromgoole to Gov. Ed. Randolph. 

This is to inform you that I delivered your Letter to the King of the 
Cherokee nation with the present of the Silver Pipe you Delivered to me 
in Philadelphia, which seamed to please them Better than any Present 
they Received. I sent for the Chickemauges to Attend the talk, which 
some of them did, and after hearing your letter Read, and the Talk I 
gave them, one of them made a speech, which I have sent on with this 
letter. The letter they received by me has Given Generall Sattiss&ction 
to the nation, and I have the greatest Reason to suppose that the Chicke- 
mauges will Quite doing Any Mischeife on the Kentuckey Country for 
the filter, or Cumberland, as they have promised me faithfully it is their 
Sincear Disire to be for piece, and on that I delivered them a Stand of 
Colours and one Drum, which was sent for the upper Towns, and the 
thirteen United States colours is now flying in Chickemauga, which is the 
first of the sort was Ever Raised in that nation. I have Inclosed you a 
Receipt for the Delivery of the pipe sent by me. Closes with an appli- 
cation for the Superintendency at this nation, should such an appointment 
be made. 




1787. The Indian Talks Referred to. 

My White Elder Brother : 
September I look upon the Beloved men of Chota to be my Elder Brother as 

'^ well as you. This day we have heard the Good talks and smoaked out of 

your pipe, and my young warriers was pleased from their hearts to heare 
such good Talk from you. They are glad to heare the good Talks, and 
they will keep in their hearts as long as they live ; our young warriers of 
All bur nation looks upon Chota as their Beloved Town, whare the fire of 
Piece is Always Kept Burning. We will always keep the good talks we 
Received from the beloved men, that our Children may Grow up in piece 
and live in piece ; and the good talk you sent us, that the path should not 
Grow up with Briers and thorns, but be kept dear by you and your young 
warriers, and our young warriers will Also Assist to Keep it dear on our 
End of the path. We are all proud and happy in our minds Receiving 
such good Talks. 

Brother, I am in hopes you will Listen weU to what I am going to say : 
When you ware oppressed by your Enemies, the French and Indians ; 
when you was weak you sent in the war-hoop [whoop] for me to Assist 
you, which I did with my young warriers, and hdped to subdue your 
Enemies, which you should not forget, tho' it is a Long time ago. I am 
in hopes you will forward this letter to Congress, that they may all hear 
this, as I make no doubt there is some thare Remembers this well ; so if 
it is in their power to help us now, not to put my Talks to one side ; and 
I am in hopes you will heare this Talk good, and Congress also; and you 
must Remember the Time well when we went hand in hand Against our 
Enemies Towards the Ohio, and took Fort Pitt ; and I am in hopes you 
ha'n't forgot that what I have been saying here is to put you in mind we 
were willing to help you in Distress, but now we wish to live in piece; 
but as there is Other nations of Indians that may be at variance with you ; 
but we hope thro' your wisdom to make piece with all nations, that they 
may live in piece and happiness as we wish to do. 

Brother, I am in hopes you and Congress Boath will heare this talk and 
not throw it aside, that my young people may Grow up in Piece and In- 

This Talk from halfe-Breed Abraham and the young Warriers of the 
Cherokee nation. 

Cherokee nation, 8th Sept., 1787. 

Another Talk. 
Brother : 

This day I have heard the good Talks with our Beloved men in 

Chota. I am one of the Chickamauga Cheifes. Last Spring I sent good 


talks to Cumberland to let them know me and my people was for piece. 17B7 
And another Talk by the way of Holston, to be sent to Kentucky and September 
Cumberland, which I am not certain whether they Received them or not. ^^ 
But when I came to Chota I heard the Good Talks Read that Mr. Alex- 
ander Dromgoole Brought from Congress, and also your Letter to cur 
Great King with a present of a Silver Pipe, which I have now in my hand 
and is smoaking out of it in piece. After hearing the Good Talks Mr. 
Alexander Dromgoole gave me concearning you and our nation, and after 
smoaking out of the pipe sent by you to the king of our nation, my heart 
was glad, and the sun shined very clear towards you and your people. 

Brother, it makes me very glad to heare the good Talks you sent to 
the Great King and Beloved men and warriers of the upper Towns. I 
have but very little to say at present myselfe, but am in hopes when we 
heare from you Again I shall have a good deal more to say. I am now in 
the same way of thinking as my Brothers, the upper Towns, who is in 
Friendship with you, and I am in hopes you will consider us as such, and 

Remain, Brother, your friend and, &c. 


A Cheife of the Chickemogeys, 

Moses Price, Linkester. 

Chota, 8th Sept., 1878. 

Receipt, &c 

Rec'd this 3d Sept., 1787, of Alexander Dromgoole a silver pipe, sent 
by the governor of Virginia to me. 

Given under my hand, in Chota, the day and date above written. 


Witness Present : Moses Price, 

Richard Fields. 

Edmund Randolph to Lieut.-Gov. Bev. Randolph. September 

Sir : ^8th 

I do myself the honor of forwarding to the executive a *copy of the Philadelphia 
national constitution. Altho' the names of Colo. Mason and myself are 
not subscribed, it is not, therefore, to be concluded that we are opposed to 
its adoption. Our reasons for not subscribing will be better explained at 
large, and on a personal interview, than by letter. 

I have the honor, sir, to be, with great respect, 

y'r mo. ob. Serv't. 

The indisposition of Mrs. Randolph will detain me here until Saturday. 

*Not found. 


1787. Col. Benj. Logan to Gov. Edm'd Randolph, of Virginia. 

May it Please your Excellency : 

September You will find inclosed the proceedings of a board of officers convened 
Liif^ln 2igreeable to your Order of Counsel. No military operations have taken 
county place since in this District, only Guards on the Frontiers in the different 

Kentucky Counties. The Shawanies have Exchanged for there Prisoners, all but ten. 
I mett them at Limestone, where the professed a great deal of friendship, 
but I fear it was only a deception. The Southern Indians have been dis- 
covered by their shooting on the Road through the wilderness, but find- 
ing no opportunity to suit them, the have come in the settiement of Lin- 
coln, near the Road, and killed five persons, and took two prisoners out 
of one family. These Indiens are certainly Chekomagies, and I hope to 
pay them a visit this Fall. I Received a letter from your Honourable 
Board Requesting to obtain a Female Indien, the age of ten or twelve 
years, from a certain William Whitesides. I found the man, but, from the 
best intelligence, he brought no such Indien to Kentuckey. 

I am your Excellency's most ob't and Humble Serv't 

The Proceedings Referred to. 

Danville, July 19th, 1787. 

At a meeting of the Commanding officers of the different counties com- 
posing the District of Kentucky — 

Present : Benjamin Logan, for the County of Lincoln. 
James Garrard, for the County of Bourbon. 
Alex'r S. Bullitt, for the County of Jefferson. 
Gabriel Maddison, for the County of Mercer. 
Levi Todd, for the County of Fayette. 
James Barnett, for the County of Maddison. 

Taking into serious consideration the depredations of the Indians on 
the different parts of the Kentucky District, and abo of the Instructions of 
the Executive, dated the 5th day of June, 1787, we are of opinion that by 
prohibiting us from going out of the State, unless in actual and Immediate 
pursuit of an Invading Enemy, they have placed us in so critical a Situa • 
tion as to oblige us to decline all offensive operations at present. We are, 
therefore, of opinion that the detachments of militia that have already 
been called into Service by the different commanding officers of Counties 
be continued for the defence of the District, and that a commissary be ap- 
pointed in each County to purchase Provisions for their support, and if 


they cannot be had by purchase, to procure It by Impressment under the 1787. 
militia law, passed in 1785 and 1786, &c. * * * * September 

We are also of opinion that upon any application from two or more of ^^^ 
the Conmianding Of&cers of Counties to Colo. Benjamin Logan, before 
the meeting of the next General Assembly, he be authorized and requested, 
upon any Invasion, to call a meeting of the whole. 

"The Independent Chronicle" September 


Was printed and published at this date by Augustine Davis. Richmond 

Circular. September 


Chas. Thomson, Sec'y, to His Excellency, the Governor of 

THE Commonwealth of Virginia.. 

In obedience to an unanimous resolution of the United States in Office of the 
Congress Assembled, a *copy of which is annexed, I have the honor to ooner^ 
transmit to your Excellency the * Report of the Convention lately assem- 
bled in Philadelphia, together with the * resolutions and Letter accompa- 
nying the same, and have to request that vour Excellency will be pleased 
to lay the same before your Legislature, in order that it may be submitted 
to a Convention of Delegates, to be chosen by the people of the State, in 
conformity to the Resolves of the Convention made and provided in that 

With the greatest respect, I have the honor to be, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and most hum. Serv't 

Certificate made Under Oath, October 2d 

That a Grand jury man had been prevented from attending upon the Henrico 
stunmons of the General Court at Richmond in April, 1786, on account co"°^ 
of a storm of hail, rain and snow, he residing twenty miles away in 
Goodiland Co. 

Thos. Meriwether October 4th 

Reports the oondidon of the Post at Point of Fork, viz : Mr. Langham's, Richmond 
die Superintendant's Pay-rolls and Quarterly Returns compared with his 
vouchers and found correct A Ballance of ;^i25. 10. 5., due to the Su- 
perintendant and Artificers. It appears that an Ox died in the last quar- 

* None of these found. 




1787. ter; rqJaoed by purchase. Mr. McDcmald, the contractor, solicits a sum 
October 4tfa of money in advance, to enable him to lay in the winter stock of pro- 
visions at once. The contractor, SamL Colber, desires ;^20 on account, 
for building a Borii^ Mill as p'r agreem't An estimate of forage made 
for the ensuing year. Two old n^^oes, under the care of the Superin- 
tendent, and entirely useless, and the old stock of Gunpowder recom- 
mended to be sold, the proceeds to be applied to the contingent demands. 

October 8th 

Joseph Moore to Gov. Randolph, per Gov. Henry. 



About the year 1778, or 1779, 1 am not certain as to the exact time, 
a certain Thomas Stewart was going down the Tennissee River to the 
Kentucky Country. He was surprized by the Cherokee Indians. He and 
his wife and youngest child were killed. He had two little Sons ; they, 
with the negroes, were taken Prisoners. What other property they had 
were taken also. 

Sometime before Colo. Brown, the British Commander in Georgia, was 
taken (at Augusta), he sent out and reclaimed all prisoners in the Towns 
near to that State, There the youngest boy was carried. In the year 

1783 I went to Georgia, and there found him, and sent him in . In 

the year 1781, October, I became acquainted with Colo. Josiah Martin^ 
our Superintendant. It was ke informed me of the boy's being in 
Georgia. He promist me at the same time to do his utmost to reclaim 
the Son and the negroes that was then in the nation. He was acquainted 
with Stewart and his family ; knew the negroes and the Indian that claimed 
them. The winter following Colo. Martin sent me the other son by one 
Rogers, an Indian Trader, that was going to Petersburg. * * 

His effort is now to recover the negroes, which could have been done 
when the Son was returned, but for hostile movements against the Indians 
by Carolina. He now hears they are still in the Indian nation, and hav- 
ing a list of their names, he requests the Governor to give Colo. Martin 
orders to demand them in the name of Virginia, and he himself will defray 
the expences incident to sending them within the Inhabitants, &c 

October 8th 

Geo. Rogers Clarke to Gov. Randolph of Va. 


Louisville, A few days past Colo. Logain gave me the perusial of a letter of 

Kentucky yours to him on the Subject of the Western Ac'ts, wherein you desire him 
to collect all the Books and paper he could to assist in a Setdement with 
the United States, and, if possible, to Mr. W. Clarke to attend you with 
them, to cast what light he could on the Subject. I can assure you, Sir, 
that the whole of the papers belonging to the Dep't (Some Duplicates 
only Excepted) was Delivered to the Commissioners, and I beleive by 


them Lodged in the Auditor's Office. I have spoke to Mr. Clark on the 1787. 
Subject ; he declines undertaking ye business, as it is impossible for him October 8th 
or the present Commissioner to Elucidate them, as those of Kentucky 
and ye Illinois are blended together. I know of no other method that 
you Could adopt to get the business tolerably Executed but that of being 
at the Expense of Sending the whole of the papers to this place, whare 
there is the only persons living that can cast any light on them. When I 
reflect on those Acts, and the great Expense that hath already and likely 
to attend the Settlement of them and the Various Circumstances attend- 
ing the Reduction and Defence of those Co* ntries and all its great conse- 
quences, it then appears more obvious to me what mischeif false infor- 
mers, Invious, Lucrative and Melitious persons have in their power to 
do a country when lestined to. and at a great distance, form the seat of 
government. To such lengths hath it been carried respecting this coun- 
trey, that, in order to save it in the year 1782, we were obblidged to lay 
aside all attention to Instructions, and act discretionary, which answered 
the salutary purpose. We dared to do this, as the Salvation of the Coun- 
try was of more importance to us than the Commissions we bore, and 
when all the Expenses attending ye numerous Indian Treaties and the 
support of an active war for Seven years shall have been reduced to 
specie, it will be found, if I am not mistaken, to amount to a less sum 
than has been already Spent on this Communication Sence the war, owing 
to our frugal manner of living and the want of almost every necessary. 
After suffering the fatigues that I have undergone, bearing so many malig- 
nant pens* fraying, and yet have to pay Large Sums of money for Sup- 
plys that the State could not get credit for, persons might reasonably sup- 
pose that, of course, I must be unhappy. The Reverse hath taken place. 
Contious of having done everything in the power of a person under my 
Circumstances, not only for the defence of the Country, but to save every 
Expense possible, I can with pleasure View Countries flourishing that I 
have Stained with the Blood of its Enimies, pitying mine when I deign to 
think of them as Citizens ; otherways with the utmost Contempt, as it is 
impossible I can have any Except those under the description alluded to. 

I am y'r Excellende's Humble Serv't 

J. Brown to the Governor, October 8th 

Giving results of his enquiries into the cost of renting a house for his Richmond 
office, conveniendy situated to the * Courthouse, &c. He can get one 
upon better terms than those airre^ upon with Messrs. Cohen & Isaacs. 
The house occupied by Mrs. Lowell can be rented for £^0 specie a year ; 
it has six rooms. The house now occupied by Mr. Beckley may be had 

*This building stood upon the site of that now used as the County Court- 
house of Henrico. 


171)7. for jCao specie a year ; it has four rooms. Several odier houses of same 
dictober 8ih size, with one or more fire-places, can be had at the same rates. 

As he intends to resign the offices ofderk to the Court of Appeals and 
Court of Chancery at their next terms, he deares Directions from the Ex- 
ecutive as to procuring a house separate from that in which the General 
Court office b kept, &c. 

October loth JOSEPH HORNSBT 

Williams- Encloses to the Governor a copy of the order of the Court of Directors 
"^ of the Hospital for Lunadcks for six hundred pounds, and requests the 
Auditor's warrant for the same. 

October 14th Capt. Rich'd Taylor to the Governor, 

Hampton In relation to the condition of the Boat Patriot. Many persons feared 
she would be condemned were she subjected to official Inspection. But 
lately while he was having her bottom scrubbed, a carpenter was ordered 
to rip up her ceiling and examine her timbers. These were of red oak 
and young pine, but were quite sound. When he goes to Richmond he 
will make full report of the condition of the State Boats. The Liberty is 
still on her station in potomack. He has not detected any attempt at a 
violation of the Customs, except a supposed attempt of a schooner from 
Philadelphia to run up James River without coming too. This, however, 
was not the Captain's fault. It was done by the Pilot without his orders. 
He has on hand some old, useless rigging, belonging to the Boats, which 
should be sold, but this cannot be done without authority from the Execu- 

October 15th The Office, of Searcher for Bermuda Hundred 

Having become vacant by the resignation of James Warren, Benj. Harri- 
son, of Berkley, and John Tyler of Greenway, and John Pleasants, recom- 
mended for that office Mr. Wm. Royall, of Chas. City Co., a gent, of 
charactre, a magistrate and vestryman, &c. David Meade Randolph and 
Wm. Fleming, Esq'r., recommend the appointment of Mr. Blackman 
Moseley, of Chesterfield Co. 


*I HAD Almost Forgotten to Enclose You the Resolution 1787. 

of the Maryland Assembly respecting the appointment of Commissioners October i6th 
to meet those appointed by Virginia, to meet at Annapolis. As I pass'd Mannifield 
thro' that place I was two Days with Governor Small wood, who seem'd 
to be anxious that something should be done before the meeting of the 
two Legislatures. I acquainted him with the Vote of Congress, which* 
however, he did not appear to regard. 

Your idea, as expressed to me sometime past, I think a good one. If 
the ExeVe were to write to each Commissioner, expressing their wish that 
the meeting should be held in conformity to the Maryland Resolution, in 
the next month, it might do good. There is time still left, perhaps suffi- 
cient, before the 2d Monday in October. 

The Resolution is as follows, copied verbatim from the Maryland Laws 
of April, 1787, now before me : 

Resohedy That the five Commissioners appointed by the General As- 
sembly on the 20th of Feb'y, 1786, to meet Commissioners from Pennsyl- 
vania and Delaware, or any three or more of them, authorized to meet 
Commissioners from the States of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, 
jointly or separately, and to communicate the Regulations of Commerce 
and Duties proposed by each State, and to confer on such subjects as 
may concern the commercial Interests of the s'd States, and the meeting 
of the Commissioners to be on the third week of September next, and at 
such place as they shall agree on, and that the proceedings be reported to 
the Legislature of this State, and the said Commissioners be authorized 
to meet the Commissioners from the s'd States before the time above 
mentioned, at such time and place as may be agreed on. 

Should you think it right that the Exe'v. ought to advise the attend- 
ance of Virginia, a letter from them to the Ex've of Maryland, who will 
perfecdy coincide, may be necessary for them to make a communication 
to their Commissioners. 

Pray excuse this rough writing and paper ; the latter ys scarce here, 
and as to the former — Dinner is ready. 

Henry Banks to Gov'r Randolph. October 19th 


During the Commotions in Greenbrier I found that lenient and persua- Richmond 

sive measures were best calculated to re^tablish order and submission. In 

Consequence of that and the acquiescence of the leaders to my4lequest, I 

promised that no prosecutions should be commenced for what had been 

done. In your public letter to the House of Delegates, I observed that 

* Supposed to be from Mr. Corbin to the Governor. 


I'flrj. proscudons had been ordered against several, some of them persons to 
October 19th whom I had given thb assurance. The Intention of this letter is a Re- 
quest to the Executive to stop such prosecutions. If they are carry*d on, 
the minds of the people may be, in some d^ree, irritated, and the prom- 
ise which I made will be proved ineffectual. I sometime ago had the 
honor to inform you of the general submission of the Insurgents, which 
I took the earliest opportunity to do, that disagreeable measures might be 
prevented, lliere are are among those whose names have been given in, 
some who, upon all occasions, have been forward against their common 
enemy, and who, tho' then riotous and reprehensible, are most firmly at- 
tached to the Interests of this Commonwealth. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's 

most ob*t and hum'l. Serv't. 


Hobbs* Certifies that the Captain of the ship Rappahannock, fix>m L' Orient, had 

TaTC>ahan- c^rti^^ ^o there being 3,096 bushels of salt on his vessel, whereas, as 

nock upon measuring the s'd cargo, there were found to be only 1,890 bushels. 

October 2ist E. Langham, Superintendent, to Colo. Thos. Meriwether, 

Point of Enclosing a Deed to the Commonwealth for one hundred and fifty acres 
Fork ^^ \sxA in Fluvanna County, for the sum of Sixty-seven pounds Ten shil- 
lings, in full, in payment for the same. This land for public use, &c He 
has examined the last arms rec'd, and finds some are iron-mounted and 
others brass-mounted, and thinks the iron-mounted are one-fourth more 

October 22d J. Ambler, Treasurer, 

Treasury Reports to the Executive, since the sale of the Tobacco by order of the 
Office Executive, the receipt into the Treasury, on account of the Taxes of 
1786, 472 hogsheads of crop, and 133,134 lbs. net, of transfer tobacco, 

October wd CoL. Thos. Meriwether 

Makes report to the Executive of the condition of the militia. In most of 
the Counties they are officered, or nearly so. In about sixteen or seven- 
teen this is not the case. 

Stueben's military Regulations generally distributed, except in Ken- 
tucky, where they had not, as yet, been received. 


Dr. Wm. Foushee 1787. 

Certifies to the condition of Edward McSwain, who had been wounded by October 22d 
a ball through the leg, at the battle of Camden, while in the ist Va. Reg't, 
under Lieut.-Col. S. Hawes. 

Colo. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Randolph. October aad 


Inclosed is a return of the militia of Washington County, transcribed Washington 
from that of the Colonel of the Regiment, sent to me. I had much satis- county 
faction in observing at the last General muster how much the men were 
improved since last spring, and a spirit of emulation taking place, except 
in two Companies, which seem dissatisfied with some of their officers. 
There is another disorder we have to struggle with : part of the militia 
of the County, between what is called Walker's and Henderson's lines, 
adhere to N. Carolina, and others to this State, toward whom I should 
be happy to receive your Excellency's instructions how to conduct myself. 
This disposition extends to taxes. 

A letter from Mr. Drumgoole will accompany this, which may contain 
some information respecting the Cherokees. To many it will be pleasing, 
and I am sure the interests of humanity has been served by the cheap 
mode your Excellency thought proper to adopt to amuse and keep quiet 
by good Talks and small presents, a people that, in all probability, had 
not such attention been shown, would have shed much blood on our de- 
fenceless frontier, or on the path in the Wilderness throughout the Sum- 

One evil yet remains to be corrected — the removal of abandoned 
characters from residing among the Indians — the^e sort of men having 
generally forfeited their lives to the State they belong to, take refuge 
among the Indians, become Traders, and not only excite those people to 
a predatory warfare, but frequently become partys in it themselves. A 
considerable number of these sort of persons are along with Alex'r Mc- 
Gillivray in the Creek Country, a few with the Chickasas, and a greater 
number with the Cherokees ; I mean those specially of the Chickamogga 
Towns, among whom is a certain William Jones, late from the neighbour- 
hood of Petersburg, said to be concerned in the murder of one Muir, 
before he fled. This man from what I have heard of him, if let to remain 
in the Indian Country, will be more mischeivous than the worse Savage 
in the nation. Advice from the Executive to Drumgoole might be the 
means of bringing him to the place where he would receive his desert. 

I cannot take upon me to recommend Mr. Alex'r Drumgoole — having 
but a very slender acquaintance with him here or elsewhere — to a public 
employment. I have understood that he is become a popular Trader in 
the Cherokee Towns. He seems active and zealous. Some good may 



1787- be drawn from this disposition during the unsettled state of American 
Ckrtober 226 affairs ; therefore as far as your Excellency's own judgment leads you, 
and you have opportunity, please to notice him. 

I am, hon'ble Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant 

October 23d Mr. Bassett, Mr. Nelson, and Mr. Cabell, 

In the Appointed by ballot a Committee to meet a Committee of the House of 
ofSenarors Delegates in the Conference Chamber, and jointly with them to examine 
of Virginia the ballot boxes and report to the House, on whom the majority of votes 
had fallen, in the Election of five Delegates to represent Virginia in Con- 
gress, to serve one year from the first Monday in November next Also 
a Committee, chosen in like manner, from the House of Del^^tes, viz : 
Mr. Richard Lee, Mr. Mathews, Mr. Benj. Harrison, Mr. Nicholas, Mr. 
Turberville. Mr. Thompson, Mr. Watkins, Mr. New, and Mr. Henry, to 
meet that from the Senate for the like purpose; whereupon the two Com- 
mittees met, and after having examined the Ballot boxes reported to each 
House respectively that they had found the Majority of Votes in favour 
of James Madison, Junior, Edward Carrington, Henry Lee, John Brown, 
and Cyrus Griffin, Esquires, to be Delegates to Congress as aforesaid, &c. 

October 24th The Keeper, William Rose, 

Public jail Reports to the Hon'ble, the Gen'l Court, now sitting, that he has four 
criminals almost naked, and are forlorn and friendless. On this account 
he wants the following articles, viz: 12 strong Dutch Blankets, 6 pair 
coarse woolen Hose, 4 Oznaburg shirts, &c, and as much Hempen rolls 
as will make 10 Beds, for 2 each, to be fill'd with Straw. He adds : " The 
glass in the Sashes being almost all broken, it will require 40 Panes to 
make the Criminal Rooms tolerably comfortable." This requisition, by 
order, certified to as reasonable. 

October 25th Wm. Rose, Keeper of P. Jail, 

Richmond Has Iron cross-bars put on the outside of the windows of the Jail as 
ordered by the Executive. 



Joseph Jones, 1787. 

In accordance with Executive Orders, has visited and Inspected the seve- October 26th 
ral Naval Officers and Searchers at Alexandria, Dumfries, Tappahannock, 
Yeocomico, Urbanna and West Point, &c. Makes full report of the con- 
dition of each Office under the instructions of the 20th March, 1787. In 
these Offices Books kept, in which Invoices made out under Oath are 
recorded. The Official Bonds of the Collectors and Searchers kept on file. 
Books in which the duties on all articles imported are kept in their proper 
columns. A register of all vessels going out or arriving, with their ton- 
nage, number of Seamen, &c., with wages of the latter. Bills of health 
were required to be made out and filed. Permits granted to vessels to 
discharge cargoes after Searcher's examination, and Clearances allowed 
for them outward bound. Vessels allowed to sell their cargoes in the 
stream after due Inspection and duties paid. Goods deposited not allowed 
to be taken away by the Consignee until the charges and duties paid. 
Exceptions to these regulations only in cases of vessels trading with Ports 
of foreign nations with whom the U. States have special treaties, such 
exceptions indicated by said treaties. Other modifications of the Naval 
Regulations depended upOn the Compact made between Virginia and cer* 
tain other States in regard to their commercial relations toward each other. 

Six Culprits October 26th 

Tried and convicted by the Gen'l Court of horse-stealing, negro-stealing Richmond, 
and Burglary, and sentenced to be hanged. Most of them were, however, >rginia 
subsequently repreived or pardoned. 

The Executive October 26th 

Order one hundred and fifiy muskets to be delivered out of the Public 
magazine to the County of King and Queen, whose militia had deposited 
their arms at Camp by order afler their service during the year 1781. 

CoL. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Randolph. October 26th 

Sir : 

Yesterday Mr. Ross told me he had a letter from Holstien, mention- Richmond, 
ing that a large body of Creek Indians had crossed the Hiwasee river, Virginia 
and was in full march against the Holstien Inhabitants. This day I have 
spoke with Major Stokeley Donlelson, direcdy from the back country. 
He informs that an Express had come to the Gov' r of Franklin, from 
Georgia, requesting aid, and that Gen'l Clarke had an engagement of six 





1787* hours in one day with the Indians, and that a fort with a large number of 
October 26th gunilies were beseiged by the enemy. He further relates that a Gent 
overtook him after he set out, saying that 500 Creeks [had] reached 
the Setdement on French-Broad, and.that a Colo. Hubard had an engage- 
ment with them and was worsted. 

I mention this to show in what imminent danger our own frontiers are 
in, and the vast number of families on their way to Kentucky. We have 
very litde ammunition, and rather scarce of proper arms. I expect a 
direct opportunity to-morrow to Washington, and bdeive could we be 
supplyed with Ammunition, a few Horsemens' Swords and Pistols, that 
men may be found in numbers sufficient to defend the country. 

Mr. Carter will explain the reasons of this application before official 
information arrives, and I know your Excellency's humanity will plead me 
excuse for now troubling the Executive. 

I am, Sir, your most Ob't Servant 

October 31st 

Fine Imposed by the Justices 

Bedford Upon one filing to give proper and full Return of his Taxable property, 
county ^^ Petition to remit, &c. 

October 31st 

Petition of Certain Criminals 

Richmond For releif from their sentence of punishment, they having already been 
required to serve at hard labor by working an the Canal for sometime. 

Numerous Registers of Vessels, 

Of all descriptions, built in Virginia and North Carolina, averagfing from 
60 to 180 and 250 Tons. 


Bond of Abraham Archer, 

In the penalty of Five thousand pounds lawful money of this Common^ 
wealth, as naval officer of the District of York River, &c 

November Edward Carrington to Gov. Randolph. 

^ D'rSir: 

New York Your Excellency will receive a letter of the 3d iastant from the 

delegation, to be laid before the legislature, which left this place yesterday, 
but an interruption of the Post at Philadelphia will bring that to hand at 
the same time that this arrives. Upon looking this morning at the rough 


draft from whidi the above letter was copied, I find that a con^deraUe 17^7- 
error has happened in the paragraph respecting the old emissions of paper November 
money. The balance against the State on the T. Books is nearly twenty- ^^ 
six miUians of Dollars, in oar letter six is written. Permit me, 
sir, to request the &vor of you to correct the paragraph before you 
transmit the letter to the Assembly. 

I have the honor to be, with great r^ard, 

your Excellencie*s most ob't Serv*t 

John Heth to Gov. Randolph, ^^^^^^^"^ 

Resigning the appointment of Searcher for the District of Bermuda Hun- R^unood, 
dred, conferred upon him on the i6th ult, &c-, preferring rather to con- "K""* 
tinue to hold the place of naval officer. He adds : " Permit me to return 
your Excellency my warmest thanks for this third Instance of the atten- 
tion of the Executive to my Interests," &a 

Copy of the Form of Commission. 

In the Name of the Commonwealth of Virginia: 

To John Heihy GeniUman : 

Pursuant to an act of General Assemblv, intituled "An Act for better se- 
curing the revenue arising from Customs,*' and one other act, intituled "An 
act to amend the several Acts of Assembly concerning naval officers and 
the collection of the duties." The Governor, with the advice of the 
Council of State, doth constitute and appoint you, the said Jonn Heth, 
Searcher of the District of Bermuda Hundred, to have, hold, exercise* 
and enjoy the said office during pleasure, according to law and the in- 
structions of the Executive. 

In testimony whereof, Edmund Randolph, Esquire, the Governor of 
the said Commonwealth, hath subscribed his name and caused the seal of 
the Commonwealth to be affixed hereunto at Richmond, this sixteenth 
day of October, one thousand seven hundred and eighty -seven. 

(Signed,) EDM. RANDOLPH. 

The Hon'ble, The Council. November 

' 7th 

Beverly Randolph presents his most respectful Compliments to the Richmond 
Gentlemen of the Council, and is prevented by ill-health from attending 
to public Business, and b^;s that they will proceed without him. 






Capt. Richard Taylor to Gov. Randolph. 


If agreeable to your Hon'ble Board, I shall be glad to have some 

small alteration in the Cabbin of the Boat Patriot, it being at present 

so small and confined that there is not room for a stove and comfortable 

lodgings, and the cold season coming on it will not be in the Power of the 

Officers to continue on board with any degree of Comfort The alteration 

I wish is a small round-hOuse. The expence will not exceed twelve 


I have the Hon'r, Sir, to be 

your most ob't Serv't 

Theod. Bland, Benj. Temple, and Others, 

Richmond Recommend to the &vorable consideration of the Executive, Capt. 


Nixon, an old and deserving officer of the first Regiment of Dragoons, 
raised by this State, who is in want of employment Any suitable office, 
vacant, will suffice, &a 

Wm. Heth and Joseph Eggleston, Esq'r's, 

General Elected, on joint ballot of the two Houses, members of the Privy Council, 
ssem ly ^^ serve from the 28th May next, in place of Sampson Mathews and Miles 
Selden, Esq'r's, who stand removed, after that date, by the joint Ballot of 
Both Houses, agreeable to the Constitution of Government 



A Negro Slave, 

Valued at jQjSt tried, condemned, and sentenced to suffer death by hang- 
ing for having killed a steer valued at forty shillings ; also a sheep, valued 
at eight shillings, and robbing a Tan Fatt of Two sides of Leather, of the 
value of Twenty shillings. 

The Court of Justices, five present, unanimously recommend him to the 
clemency of the Executive for Pardon. 


David Shepherd, Co. Lieut., to Gov. Randolph, 

Ohio county Giving Return of the state of the militia, as for as the distressed condi- 
tion of the County will allow. He had received 180 pounds of powder 
and 380 of Lead, which he is Disposing of as carefully as possible. Upon 
enquiry he finds of the State's arms only seventeen old muskets at Fort Pitt, 




which he has made use of. In accordance with the opinion of the militia 1787* 

officers of the County, he has ordered out two parties of men, one under November 

an Ensign with fourteen men, the other under a Lieutentant with forty 

men, for one month each at a time. The cheif source of defence during 

the past summer has been from volunteers, who have annoyed and killed 

a good many Indians. As far as he can learn about forty whites have been 

killed by the savages on the frontier of that County, and as far south as 

the Little Kenhaway. The general opinion is that unless some relief can 

be afforded by the next Spring, the greater part of the country will be 

Left Desolate. 

M. OsTER, • French Consul, to Gov. Randolph (in French), November 

In rejgard to the case of a French Captain, Joseph Marie Anne Ferrier, and 
his accomplices, whom it had become his duty to proceed against and to 
arrest if possible. The Governor not having replied to his former letter on 
this subject, he now repeats the reason why every facility should be 
allowed him, under the treaty between France and Virginia, to arrest them 
wherever found, &a He urges His Excellency to afford him the means 
of doing this, as being necessary to the maintainance of the comity and 
good feeling existing between the two countries, &c. . 


Andrew Dunscomb to the Executive, 


In regard to an increase of his Salary. After the favorable report of the Richmond 
Committee from the House of Delegates, appointed to examine the pro- 
gress and situation of the Continental account and the general approba- 
tion expressed by members of the Assembly, he thinks himself justified 
in this application, && 

Sir : 

Capt. Richard Taylor to the Governor. 


The Executive, in June last, had done him the honour of appointing Richmond 
him to the Command of the State Boats Patriot and Liberty, &c. At 
the time thb was done the pay and subsistence was reduced to only four- 
teen shillings and eight pence per day; and from the date of his appoint- 
ment the pension he had enjoyed was discontinued. Of this he complains 
as a great hardship, inasmuch as he can scarcely support his very large 
^miily from both sources, and particularly as he is almost disabled from 
performing his present duties by reason of the wound for which he was 
pensioned. Under his commission he is to act as Commander, Commis- 
sary, Paymaster, Clerk, and to superintend and account for all disburse- 
ments whatsoever. Under these circumstances he b^;s his pension may 
be retained, &c.. 




A Report of the Condition of the Militia of the State 

November Shows that in a large majority of the Counties they are neither properly 
14th Qr fully officered, and that regular returns are with difficulty procured. 
On this account several considerations should be brought before the 
Executive Council, viz : ist, The filling up of vacancies ; 2d, Admonishing 
those commanding officers who have made no, returns ; 3d, Publishing 
that ail defaulters in returns, &c., shall be duly prosecuted. 



Andrew Dunscomb to the Executive. 

Being called upon by Colo. Underwood, as Foreman of a Committee 
fh>m the H. of Delegates, to examine the situation of the Continental 
Account, to furnish a Report of the payments made by this Common- 
wealth on account of the United States, for the information of the Legis- 
lature in case they call for it, I am lead to solidte that Mr. Coleman may 
be directed to overlook the Vouchers he lately arranged, and to select 
and ascertain the aggregate amount of each Species of specifics delivered 
to the Officers of the U. States. The part I have to do consists of an 
addition of upwards of fifteen hundred Pages of Pecuniary and Specific 
charges; to desect and find out not only the quantity paid for, but the 
quantities delivered for the purposes of the Union; to ascertain the 
amount of the Military Debt ; the Supplies that went from the State De- 
partment and from the manufactories agreeably to present knowledge, all 
of which will take a very considerable time to effect. 

I am therefore induced to make the above request, that I- may not 
longer be diverted from that very necessary attention to the Statement of 
the whole account in due time than can possibly be prevented. 

I have the Honor to be, with respect, 

Your most ob. Serv't 


* Thomas Johnson and W. Alexander to Gov. Randolph, 

Richmond Enclosing a Petition of many Freeholders and Inhabitants of Henrico 
County, which they beg may be presented to the Hon*ble Council, &c., viz : 

To kts Excellency^ the Governor^ and the Supreme Executive Council: 

The Petition and Complaint of the Subscribers, Inhabitants of the 
County of Henrico, Humbly Shew, That by an Act of Assembly, entitul'd 

♦This Petition is very numerously signed, and in addition to those appended 
to the letter appear the names of Austin, Pollard, Barrett, Munford, Nimmo, 
Rutherford, Price, Hopkins, Southgate, Lieper, Gait, Pickett, Cohen & Isaacs, 
Cunliffe, John andThos. Gilleatt, Strobia, Lewis, Beale, Fleming, Jacob and Sam!. 
Ege, Lambert, Mayo, Dandridge, Brooke, Payne, Minor, and others. 


an Act for reforming County Courts and for other purposes, the Justices 1787. 
of the Peace are directed to assemble on the first Monday in March, May, November 
August and November, in each Year, and to continue sitting by adjourn- '^ 
ment from day to day for and during the term of Six days, if Business 
require, for the purpose of Trying Causes and administering Justice ; 
That the Justices of the County of Henrico had heretofore regularly met 
on the several Days appointed by Law, and proceeded through the 
Docquet, by which means the happiest Effects were produced. The Dis- 
tresses of Creditors were relieved, Improper Contraction of Debts pre- 
vented, and Order and Obedience to Law enforced throughout the Coun- 
try ; That it is with the utmost astonishment and Concern Your Petitioners 
and Complainants find that on Monday, the fifth Instant, being the Term 
of the Quarterly Session, the Court Assembled and adjourned to the next 
Term in course without entering upon the Docket, altho' many Suitors 
attended with their Witnesses, from a great Distance and at great Incon- . 
venience and Expense, in the flattering Hope of terminating their tedious 
Suits, and having that Justice administered to them, from which, by the 
Delays of L^^ Proceedings, they had been too long withheld. 

Your Petitioners and Complainants conceive this Conduct a Breach of 
their Duty as Magistrates, and contrary to the Intentions for which they 
were invested with this important Trust. They fear the dangerous Ex- 
ample shewn in the Capital County of the State, and under the eye of the 
Legislature now sitting, will be productive of serious and alarming Con- 
sequences, unless an immediate and Vigorous Interposition of the Execu- 
tive prevent the Evil. 

At this trying Crisis of Affairs, when the Sinews of Government have 
been much relax' d by the Riots and Discontents which have prevailed in 
many parts of the State, it is obvious to every reflecting Mind that a steady 
and regular adherence to the Laws can alone ensure public Tranquility. 

It is with peculiar Regret that your Petitioners and Complainants find 
themselves under the necessity of pointing out, as the Authors of this 
Evil, Men for whom they entertain the highest Esteem and Respect; but 
to their Country, to themselves and to their Posterity, they are bound to 
forego all private Considerations, and name John Harvey, Richard Adams, 
and Isaac Younghusband, Esquires, as the Persons who, by their Motions 
and Votes, occasioned this Delay of Justice, and, as we conceive, danger- 
ous Interruption of our Judicial System, which, if generally adopted, will 
empower a few Individuals to deprive the Community at large of the most 
inestimable Blessing of Government — A regular AdmimstraHon of 

We are willing to suppose that, overloaded with private Business, or 
other circumstances unknown to your Petitioners and Complainants, they 
may be able to excuse to their own Minds this Violation of the Law and 
Breach of Duty ; But their Acceptance of the Oflice, and the Oath which 
follows, are solemn Engagements to the Public for a faithful Discharge of 
its Duties^ a neglect of which £f, and has already been, attended with the 



1787. Your Petitioners and Complainants therefore humbly pray that your 

November Honorable Board will take the Matter into Serious Consideration, and if 
'9"^ on Enquiry the facts are such as we have stated, which we are ready to 
verify, if the Conduct of the afore-named Magistrates should appear to 
you as it does to us, a Violation of their Official Duty and a Breach of 
Good Behaviour, the Tenure on which they hold their offices, they further 
pray that your honourable Board will dismiss the Magistrates aforesaid 
from Office as Justices, or pass such other Censure as to your Wisdom 
may seem meet And your Petitioners and Complainants, as in duty 
bound, will ever pray, &c. 



Samuel Coleman to the Governor. 
Sir : 

I am just honored with an order of Council, by which I am instructed 

to make out from the papers now under my examination, a state of the 

aggregate amount of each species of specifics delivered to the officers of 

the United States, and furnish Mr. Dunscomb with a copy thereof. 

I am constrained to inform the honorable council that from the exami- 
nation of the papers above referred to, already made pursuant to a former 
order of Council, to arrange and state the said papers, I find myself in- 
competent to the task, from being unable to distinguish between the offi- 
cers of the United States and those of the State. And if I could, the 
business would take six months at least in its execution, as every single 
voucher must be particularly examined and noted. 

I should be much obliged if the honorable Council will more particu- 
larly express what is meant by arranging and stating the said Papers. I 
have conceived it to be a placing them in such order as easily to ascertain 
the general proceedings of each Commissioner, &c., and to state any 
balance which may be due fi'om them to the Public. This I have nearly 
executed, but I fear far from truth, owing to the confused and unintelli- 
gible manner in which the returns are made. 

I have the honor, sir, to be your most ob. Serv't 




Andrew Dunscomb' s Letter, 

Enclosing to Mr. Blair an Extract from the Journal of the House of Dele- 
gates, by which it appears that the vouchers for monies paid by this State 
(Virginia) on account of the United States, from the first of September, 
1775, to the fourth day of January, 1781, were burnt or otherwise destroyed 
by the Enemy on the Invasion of this State by General Arnold, &c 



Thos. Johnson and W. Alexanper to the Governor, 


In regard to the Petition and Complaint made against certain of the Hen- November 
rico magistrates. At the request of the Executive, they enclose and ^^^^ 
make specific charges against the aforesaid Justices. Two of the magis- Richmond 
trates of Henrico,IThomas Prosser and George Webb, Esq'r's, are not in- 
cluded in this complaint, because they had retired and did not vote for the 
adjournment of the court. This fact will be admitted by Messrs. Harvie 
and Younghusband. But should it be necessary they are willing to make 
oath to the fact and prove the same by other witnesses, especially Adam 
Craig, Crk of the County, and Chas. Hay, the attorney, &c. As the 
case is now brought to an issue, they desire to appear before the Execu- 
tive by Counsel, in the person of Andrew Ronald, Esq'r., &c. 

J. Ambler, Treasurer, 


Encloses to the Executive a demand from John Hopkins, Esq*r., Commis- Treasury 
sioner of Loans for the United States in Virginia, based upon requisitions omce 
made by Congress upon the several States, &c. Mr. Ambler informs the 
Governor that there are in the Treasury funds derived from the revenue 
of 1785 and 1786, to the amount of ;^82,o8o, and of specie, ;^6,5i8, being 
the balance of the six shilling tax pV hogshead on Tobacco exported, for 
the purpose of complying with the demands of Congress of the 21st 
Oct., 1786; also ;^i,266 of new Taxes, to be devoted to the requisitions 
of Congress of the 2nd August, 1786, &c., &c. 

Nath'l Bur well, Dudley Digges, and Champion Travis, 

Having presided at the Trial of a negro slave woman for Burglary when 
she was convicted and sentenced to suffer death, recommend that she be 
pardoned by the Executive. 


Depositions Taken in the Case of the Complaint 


Made against John Harvie, Richard Adams, and Isaac Younghusband, Richmond, 
Justices for Henrico County, for having unnecessarily adjourned the quar- Virginia 
terly court,' and thereby postponed the trial of causes, &<;., consulting 
their own convenience rather than the welfjare of the public. It was proven 
that the Court sat only one day, at the Mason's Hall, in Richmond, of the 
5th of November, on which occasion they only set aside nine office judg- 
ments and granted two attachments, altho' there were set for trial at this 
term of the Court one hundred and sixty-nine suits, seventy-two petitions, 
and there were docketed one hundred and twenty-three office Judgments 




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H«firi/// (Zerti60m that he tia«, on thb day, administered to Edmund Randolph, 
f^fU$Hf KiK|'f,^ the oathf required by Law, as Governor of the Commonwealth. 

Wm, Graves, Searcher, to Gov. Randolph, 

KnclfMinK ropy of his official Bond, and laying before him some of the 
circumntaticttn, Ac, in the way of executing hb trust Packages of goods, 
miUl to >)^ of small value, frequently are found to contain much more than 
is iiiflicatcfd by the Invoices, and the naval officer only taking the gross 
amount of the Invoices, they are landed, and he cannot then insist upon 
an iniipt*c*tifiii, I'^rom the multiplicity of landing places from Norfolk to 
Hrimudu I lundred, searchers report the 9ame cargoes, altho* many articles 
may have* t)rc*n landed at different points in the District. The Tonnage 
and lloNpitul money are almost always returned several times on this ac- 
numt. VrNHrls frequently take out goods at different places, as Lambert's 
Point, (j'uney Islund, &c.,and claim that they are within the jurisdiction of 
Norfolk or Portsmouth, hence the limits of the Ports should be accurately 
drii(Tll>rd. VesselH from other States enter and sell part of their cargoes, 
and then take otit a Crafting permit and go trading- up the rivers, thus 
Injtirini; the business of the Craf\s of this State. The Stationary con- 
NtuniHl In his oltic^ amounts to more than his salary, and the rent of 
his oftU'T, ten pounds, and the forty pound allowed the young man in his 
mnploymeiUi only pays his board, and as he is obliged to secure the ser- 
viiHsa ol a man ol character, such snuU wages will not support such an 
our, Under theae circumstances he will have to abandon the office, un- 
Ivsa thr neccaaary chai\|;ea are made in his tevor, &c. 

Wm. McMjyasoa: jlxs> Akck^i^ W<o««3S^ tc^ Go^v. RjkXSV^Lfm. 

Ohio Conner, tber 
scattered over tSiss 

worthy spies or 
of mOitia be alvaTS 

sfTwit^ be 

Congress for 

:scMie oc ^i&ocs n Cttk^ CKHnftr^ dipe »Sd^ 
titWffn. tJBe ftvoaCxrot taut C«MflM^ 

siCBEieMtt. As iepR»ssHKY«$ tc£ the f<v>|pile «df 
ciZkd a|)OB ^> sit e^uc bra^ luNfir tfVMd jmdJ 
ihxoer. tber wsst be drmai tcMf bv ibe I«- 
taken to daS»d tbcoi. TIkt su^Sj^iKSt dot tniBSt^ 
eapfiored to vaficb tbe eoenT. while a oc!«n^^ 
readr td ouwe K> a thrattoKd point, and if ibe 

that appScation be made to the 

Bt Cehtaix DEPOsmoNs 

Taken in a dispute between E. While and others^ it appears that the 
Warehouses at New Castle and Hanover Town were destroyed by the 
enemy dorii^ the laie war, and were r^Miilt in 1786 by Contract* &c 



M. OsTER, French Consul to Gov. Randolph (in French"^, 

In reply to the decision of the Executive CouncO, that no aid can be for* 
nished him in arresdi^ the deserters firom the Brig David, referred to in 
his letter of the nth November. He proceeds to urge reasons why this 
assistance should be granted from one or all of the American Slates, 
whose Independence had been recognized by his Government* and in 
accordance with the good will and treaties existing, &c, &c 



CoL. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Randolph. 

Sir : 

Within these few days past I have been applyed to by some mem* 
bers of the House to state to your Excellency my opinion of the most 
eligible mode of defending the South- Western Counties from the Incur- 
sions of the Indians should they attack that quarter next Spring. 

It is observable that the stationary Militia-men on the frontiers, espe- 
daily among the Mountains, to protect the Inhabitants, have, in a great 
degree, been ineffectual and very expensive. The small parties of In- 
dians, when they come near the Settlements, approach as secretly as a 
Wolf in search of his prey. In going off they may be pursued and over- 
taken, provided a good Officer and men ready equipt are at hand. Forts 
near the Ohio, and Militia adjacent, equipt as Horsemen, would probably 



1787- answer a valuable purpose. To protect the Qinch Settlements from the 
December attacks of the Northern Indians, a Post or Station established on Sandy 
5th river, where the road from Greenbrier to Kentucky crosses, would prevent 
the Indians from going up and down that river in their canoes, by which 
they are enabled to carry off plunder more easily, and would answer as a 
stage between the Kanhawa and Licking Setdement, also fo'ward the set- 
ding the country. General Washington would be much interested in this 
business, and therefore ought to give encouragement 

But upon the whole, the more I consider and hear of the matter, I am 
convinced that if the Super' d'ts of Indian Affairs and their Agents would 
but exert themselves, much money and many lives might be saved. No- 
thing can be a more direct proof of this than the measures that has given 
safety to vast crowds of emigrants that has lately passed through the 
Wilderness. It is a wrong policy at this day, and in the present circum- 
stances of the United States, to wish to extirpate whole Tribes of Indians. 
There is other ways of disarming them, and indeed making them useful ; 
and I will pledge myself to my Country that if Congress will deliver over 
to your hands, only for the term of three years, the management of the 
Southern Indians, I will point out and assist in the execution of such 
measures as will bring about the desirable end. 

From the new Superintendent for the Northern Department much may 
be expected, and I am sanguine enough to hope that by next Spring he 
will preclude the necessity of our State being at the Expense of raising a 
force to protect her North-western frontier. The number of Souls in the 
four Southern Tribes may be computed at one Hundred Thousand. To 
preserve these, and make them useful, ought to be an object with Ameri- 
can Statesmen. By a letter from Georgia, and another from Franklin, I 
observe a large force is preparing to march into the Creek Country. It 
might do no harm to American negociations if this force would only 
chastise the Creeks, but I dread the consequence of a very irregular Mi- 
litia from Franklin going through the Cherokee Country to join the Geor- 
gia forces. 

I have the honor to be, respectfully. 

Your Excellency's Ob't Servant 

^^^6 h* ^^*^ The Executive by Joint Vote 

General Empowered to send a special messenger to North Carolina, in order to 
Assembly get the decision of that Government on the subject of the boundary Kne 
between the two States as extended by the Commissioners in 1779. 

(Signed) JOHN JONES, 

Speaker of the Senate, 


Speaker of H. of Delegates. 
H. Brooke, C 61 

John Beckley, Cl*k H. D. 


William Rose, Keeper of P. Jail, 1787 

Reports twenty prisoners on hand; some for trial, others had been burnt '^cc^jj^ber 
in the hand, and others condemned had been repreived, &c. Richmond 

Resolution December 

Requesting the Executive to forward at once a copy of the Act passed in General 

1786, for opening a canal from Elizabeth River, in Virginia, to Pasquo- ^^^^^ V 
tank river, in North Carolina, &c. 

*CoL. Arthur Campbell to Gov, Randolph. December 

o* lotn 


If I recollect right, about the year 1780, the boundary line betwixt Richmond 
Virginia and N. Carolina was extended by Colo. Fry and Jefferson as far 
west as a place called the Steep- Rock Creek, since known by the name of 
the Laurel Fork of Holstein River. This line being extended on the 
true latitude by Commissioners on both sides, and mutually agreed to, was 
returned and recorded in Public offices in both States. 

In 1779, the Commissioners, Thomas Walker and Daniel Smith, on the 
part of Virginia, and Richard Henderson and James Smith, on the part 
North Carolina, met at the place where Fry and Jefferson left off, and 
after spending many days in making observations, agreed to continue Fry 
and Jefferson's line as the true, or at least nearest the true latitude. Both 
parties proceeded amicably about 40 miles, until they crossed the north 
Fork of Holstein, near the great Island. By this time the Pilots and 
Hunters give it as their opinion that both Cumberland Gap and the Set- 
tlement on Cumberland River, at the French Lick, would both fall into 
Virginia. A halt was made, and several days passed in making observa- 
tions, debating, and even abusing one another. Henderson said the line 
must be run crooked, and insisted to delay until a parallel, at two miles 
distant, north of the line then run, should be extended eastward back, 
which would prove whether the surveyors had lost the latitude and run 
the line crooked.* To this Doctor Walker assented, that if the line was 
found crooked he would rectify it The Surveyors run back accordingly, 
accompanied by two Commissioners, and the line was found equi-distant in 
all parts that was tryed. It was then ackowledged tliat the error did not 
proceed from the Surveyors. Notwithstanding which, Henderson pro- 
ceeded westwardly on the north Line, and Walker on that of the South, 
it being on a due west direction from Steep Rock. The Commissioners, 
when they reached Comberland mountain, again had a meeting ; spent 

* A smaD diagFun ai the two lines appears at the loot of this letter. 


I'firj. many days in taking observations. At length Walker proceeded on over 
December the mountain with his line, without being accompanied by Henderson ; 

'^h spent the winter in the woods, and the next spring continued the line to the 
Mississippi. The Carolina Commissioners left off at Cumberland moun- 
tain, and when they found that the boundary run by Dr. Walker left the 
French Lick upwards of twenty miles to the South, they seemed wdl satis- 
fied, and it was generally thought that Doctor Walker's Report would be 
agreed to and signed by both parties. But, from what motive I know not 
yet, Henderson returned his works as run only to Cumberland mountain, 
to the Executive of North Carolina. And I have been told that the 
papers have since lay dormant, no opinion having been given one way or 
the other. 

The People setded between those lines have -ever since adhered to 
either State as Interest, caprice, and sometimes very unworthy motives 
dictated. Although the public authority seems, in the first instance, to be 
blamable, yet the evil amongst the people is increasing, and prudence 
points out delay as improper. 

I am, sir, your most Obedient Servant. 

December Jas. Madison, J*n*r, Ed. Carrington, J. Brown, and C. Griffin, 
"^'^ Delegates, to Gov'r Randolph. 

Sir : 

New York We have been honored with your Excellencie's &vour of the 24th 

ult , together with its enclosures. 

Congress have not yet assembled, nor have we an early prospect of a 
sufficient number of States upon the floor for business. In the recess of 
that body there is no authority in existence for making the appointment 
you request, with respect to the Cherokee and other tribes of Indians in 
the western parts of Virginia and North Carolina. The Indian Ordnance 
provides for no more than one Superintendent for all the Southern In- 
dians. To this office Doctor White was appointed by Congress in Octo- 
ber, 1786, and he has lately resigned. How far Congress may be induced 
to make a separate or subordinate appointment for the Indians in your 
Excellencie's contemplation, we cannot undejtake to say. To us the idea 
appears a good and reasonable one, and we will submit it to the consid- 
eration of Congress as soon as there are nine States present Some time 
must elapse before any step at all can be taken with respect to the Southern 
Indians, other than what were provided for. Late in the last session of 
Congress, a few days before the end of the federal year, some Resolutions 
were passed for appropriating six thousand dollars for holding Treaties 
with the Southern Indians, and North Carolina, South Carolina, and 
Georgia are requested to appoint each a Commissioner, who are to hold 
the Treaties. How far these States will act upon these resolutions we 
cannot undertake to say, having heard nothing from them. 


In ti^ state of things it most renuun with your ExceUency to determine 17^7* 
what it may be neoessair for die Govemment of Virginia to do. He can- December 
not, however, enconrage any prooeednre under an expectation that Con- ^^^ 
gres win recognize die ex])ence, nor Yiavc we reason to think that 
that should the a^>pcnntnient suggested by your ExceDency be approx'ed 
oC Magor Dnm^foole would be die man selected, Colo. Mardn, who long 
actjed in diis business, mider die authority of Virgiiua, and whose commu- 
mcatioos have cventally reached Congress, would probably be p rd e rred. 
IiK&m i^ents, necessarily, have the exerdse of powers which Coi^[ress 
wiD net coafer on any bat characters tolerably well known. Doctc»' White 
is now here, and we have ocmversed with him upon the subject of his late 
department. He saj^ die state of Indian afiairs in Gfeoigia has been such 
as to engage his whole time and attention while in office, this occasioned 
him to neglect die business as it reelected those under your Excdlende*s 
oonsideratioo, and of course he had no gxxiund of corresp<mdenoe with 
die government of VirginisL 

We do not undertake to decide upon die fitness <^ this Gentleman for 
the af^xnntment he hdd, but in jusdce to him, we beg leave to observe 
that the sentiments of the Georg^ians, who alone have known him in die 
execution of his duty, may, very posably, be formed upon views entirely 
opposite to those which would found a wise and just conduct in the Superin- 
tendant of Indian afiairs. Had these people conformed to his advice and 
agency, it is probable they would have avcnded the bloody war in which 
they are now involved, in consequence of their own violations of the 
Treades held by the Commissioners of the United States with the Indiai^ 
We have the Honour to be, with the greatest respect, 

your Excellende's most ob. Servants. 

Negro Slave, Hercules, ^^S^*^ 

Who had been tried, convicted, and sentenced to suffer death by hanging, New Kent 
for have been accessory to the burning of the Jail and Clerk's office of said ^^w*^^y 
county, in conjuction with John Price Posey (white), unanimonsly recom- 
mended to Executive clemency by the members of the County Court, by 
whom he was tried, &c. 

In Proceedings December 


Taken against the Sheriff of this County for remainder of Taxes due, it Amherst 
is seen that in receiving the Specie 'paid in, it was weighed, and in this county 
instance fell short of its supposed value. 


1787. Capt. Richard Taylor to Gov. Randolph, 

December Informing him he had drawn a small amount of money from the hands of 
i8th Qq\ Parker, the Naval Agent at Norfolk, to make purchases of necessa- 

Hampton ries for the use of the State Boats. He desires instructions as to whether 
he shall buy pork to be salted up. The price of this article at Norfolk is 
now about twenty-five shillings pV cwt, and he would not purchase more 
than 3,000 lbs. at a time, inasmuch as he has no way of caring for a larger 
amount. ;^i50 will be a suf&cient sum with which to meet the expenses 
of the present Quarter — concludes: " The Boat Liberty is on her station 
up potomack, and expect her return about 10 days hence. Should the 
winter set in hard I think it advisable not to send her up during the month 
of Jan'y for fear of Ice; but few arrivals lately in James River and Nor- 
folk," &c. 

i8th Alex. Drumgoole to Gov. Randolph, of Va., 

Baltimore Informing him he had just returned from New York, and is on his way 
back to the Cherokee nation. He had delivered the Indian letters at New 
York, but unfortunately Congress was not in Session, and all his trouble 
and expense of this expedition, and in conducting the Indian Chief to 
Philadelphia the summer before, and his effort to procure the U. S. agency 
among the Cherokees, had failed. Altho' he had been at great trouble and 
cost the year before in delivering the messages of Congress, and the 
presents sent by the Secretary at War, he had never received a farthing 
of compensation. Mr. Madisop had recommended him to call at Rich- 
mond and solicit an appointment as State Agent at the Cherokee nation, 
inasmuch as the frontiers of Virginia lay adjacent to that nation, and he 
could thereby be serviceable in maintaining the peace in that region. He 
will cheerfully listen to any commands from Gov. Randolph, and requests 
that communications for him be forwarded to Col. Arthur CampbeU, of 
Washington Co., &c. 

December Pursuant to an Order of the Honorable, the General Court, 



Richmond A committee of three gendemen was appointed to inspect the condition 
of the Public Jail. They found the apartments, four in number, three for 
criminals and one for Debtors, in good order, and as well kept as could be 
under the circumstances ; but from the smallness of the Rooms, and great 
number of criminals usually lodged in Prison, the Jailor is oflen under the 
necessity of putting many of them in the Debtor's Apartment, which 
renders the Situation of that unhappy Class of Citizens extremely dis> 
tressing. In several Instances single Women confined for Debt have been 
stowed — without Regard to that Decency their Sex entides them to — ^among 
the most profligate and abandoned of mankind, &c. To remedy this, the 


Jailor pointed out to the Committee how an addition of two conveniently- 1787* 
sized rooms, at a small expense, would obviate the danger of Putrid Com- December 
plaints arising from the Stench of confined and crowded Rooms in hot 
weather, and the Debtors be releived from a situation which at present is 
shocking to humanity. 

In viewing the Jail Yard, they noticed that posts had been set to 
strengthen the wall, by which a person could easily escape from the 
enclosure. This was recommended to be changed, and Iron Bars to be 
placed across the windows. The expense necessary to these improve- 
ments was estimated at ;^2i6. 

Upon this Report having been referred to the Executive, and by them 
to the Assembly, the latter gave authority to the Gov. in Council to order 
a contract for the contemplated improvements. Upon Enquiry made to 
Mr. J. Ambler, the Treasurer, it was found that there was no unappro- 
priated money in the Treasury. What had last been received was car- 
ried under the Law to the General Fund, and had been appropriated to 
defray the expenses of the Gen'l Assembly, and to pay a Quarter's 
Salary to the Officers of Government 

James Innes, Attorney-General, December 

•^ ' i8th 

Informs the Governor of two cases in which his decision is required : Richmond 
one is that of a certain John McGee, against whom there are two Indict- 
ments for crimes found to have been committed in Pennsylvania, for trial 
for which the prisoner consents to be sent to that State ; the other is the 
case of a man charged with murder, said to have been committed in Dela- 
ware, but who was here discharged. A proclamation from the authori- 
ties of that State offered a reward for his apprehension, and Jacob 
Moore thereupon seized him with the intention of carrying him to that 
State ; at the same time, however, a Sheriff in Virginia had served upon 
him a civil process, and took him into custody. He submits these cases 
to his Excellency, that Government may, under the Confederation, adopt 
such measures as the nature of the case may require, &c. 

Copy of an Act of the General Assembly December 


Providing for the creation of a Sinking Fund, &c., with observations 
thereon by the Executive. 







Andrew Dunscomb to Gov. Randolph. 


A very short time after I had entered on the duties of my present 
office, difficulties rising on difficulties, continually opposed my desire of 
placing the account of the Commonwealth on the plain, sure, and entel- 
ligable footing I wished. To redress, or rather to ease those difficulties, 
I made application, as general as my knowledge would admit, to several 
Gendemen who had the conduct of the departments during the war. To 
these I receive, in some cases, satisfactory replys ; in others less so, but 
still of use ; and to some nothing of the least avail. Taking the advan- 
tage of any and everything that offered to my mind as alleviations of the 
powerful obstacles, I conceived that my further progress would be more 
easy and intelligable. But, alas ! I find myself totally at a loss for reason- 
ing to support, or authority to place many matters that appear Continen - 
tal Supplies to the Debit of the United States. Such a variety of opin- 
ions, methods, rules, regulations and authorities as have been adopted, 
followed and received, would almost defy the power of man to arrange, 
or make plain and uniform the complicated account Under these reflec- 
tions, which has possessed and harrassed my mind for a considerable time, 
I b^ the liberty of la3ring a statement of them before the Executive, that 
they may take the same under consideration, and give such releif as may 
appear proper. The object of my address is to be favoured with Council 
to assist in the most complicated matter I ever was acquainted with, and 
it will afford me much satisfaction to receive the opinion of Gentlemen, 
whose knowledge of the contingences of an Army will give argument, 
and whose experience of the difficulties that oppos'd a regular system in 
the different State Departments will afford releif. As the Commissioner 
of Congress is now arrived, the objections he may offer will become more 
properly the subject of my solicitations. 

I have the Honor to be your most ob't Humb. Serv't 


William Winder to Gov. Randolph, of Va., 

Richmond Informing him that the Board of Treasury having appointed him Com- 
missioner to state the accounts of Virginia and North Carolina against 
the United States, in accordance with the Ordinance of Congress of 7th 
May last, he has the honor of announcing to his Excellency his readiness 
to proceed to the business so far as relates to this State, &c. 



Andrew Dunscomb to Gov. Randolph. 1787, 


Agreeably to your desire, I enclose a Copy of an Estimated amount December 

of the Account of this Commonwealth against the United States, as fur- "^* 

nished the Committee from the House of Delegates. How far it may Commis- 

meet the approbation of the Commissioners of Congress I cannot say, but ^^^^^^*^ 

really think, upon principles of equity and justice, that the expenditures 

of this State in support of the war will be found much greater than is 


I have the Honor to be your most obed. Humble Serv't. 

According to the aforesaid statement the total amount is ;^3,4i4,388* 
5s. 4d. ; but in consideration of the state of the accounts, and the short- 
ness of time he has had, he considers some of the items estimated inac- 
curately. The supplies that went from the Departments of the State 
Agent are not included in the above ; they are presumed to amount to 
;^ 1 5,000, Specie. 

The Executive, 



In accordance with the resolution of the Gen'l Assembly, order Col. Meri- Richmond 
wether to send without delay and at the public expense, arms, ammunition, 
flints, &c., to the Counties of Monongalia, Harrison, Ohio and Randolph, 
in due proportion for the defence of that Country ; That the County 
Lieutenants thereof be informed of this action by letter, and that they be 
authorized to receive and distribute these articles as they may see fit ; that 
the arms be sent direct to Morgan's Town, thence to be distributed, &c. 

Henry Banks to the Executive, December 


In r^^ard to the claim of Hunter Banks & Co., a trading company of Richmond 
Richmond, who were owners and ship*s husband of many vessels, and were 
eminent and respectable merchants, both for their property and Reputation. 
They had fitted out and loaded many vessels for sea, when, in 1781, 
Governor Jefferson issued orders for taking into service all such vessels in 
James River as might be thought useful to cooperate with the army of 
Major-General Baron Steuben, for capturing the British forces then at 
Portsmouth. These orders were executed by Mr. Robt Mitchell and 
Capt. William Lewis, of Fredericksburg, the latter having been appointed 
and commissioned Commodore of the Fleet by Gov*r Jefferson. For 
many weeks these vessels were under the command of Comm. Lewis, and 
were employed by him subject to the orders of Baron Steuben, until they 
were all captured by the British near Osborne's. He then proceeds to 




1787* give reasons why the prosecution of this claim had not been urged, thb 
December was mainly due to the inability of the scattered members of the Company 
to meet and arrange a plan upon which to act. Upon a proper Investi- 
gation he assures the Executive that sufficient evidence can be furnished 
by which the sufferers may have justice done them by the State, &c. 




Andrew Dunscomb to Gov. Randolph, 

Setting forth at length the reasons why so much difficulty exists in ar- 
ranging and reconciling the vouchers in the several Departments of the 
State, with the statements of claims against the U. States. The limits of 
a letter will not allow of a general detail in explaining this subject. As 
Commissioner to settle these accounts, and determine these claims, he is 
required to investigate the validity of the vouchers and cerdficates of the 
late Commissary, Quartermasters, Clothing, Marine and Hospital Depart- 
ments, and to pass upon all authorized by Resolves of Congress, &c. 
He, therefore, begs to be allowed time and opportunity for such an exami- 
nation of these papers as will meet objecdons which may be made by the 
Commissioners of Congress, and will also enable him to afford proper 
information to his Excellency. 


Chas. Lynch to the Governor, 

Richmond Informing him he is about to work the Lead mines again, and in as 
much as the State has on hand, at Fort Chiswell, a large quantity of lead, 
he desires the loan of a few thousand wt., with which to procure provi- 
sions, &c. 

December Samuel Osgood and Walter Livingston to the Governor of 


Board of 


We are informed that an Act has been once read in the Legislature 
of the State of Virginia, changing the appropiadons of the monies which 
had been collected, or might hereafter be collected, in pursuance of the 
Special Requisition of Congress, of the 21st October last, and of the ar- 
rearages of prior Requisitions, which the State had permitted the Receipt 
of in Tobacco. 

We beg leave to inform your Excellency that when the Act relative to 
the Special Requisition was repealed, that it was not in the contemplation 
of Congress to hold up an idea to the States which had complied with it, 
that the monies which had been collected under the Act were unnecessary. 
The only object it had in view was to place States who had evidenced 
their zeal on this occasion, on an Equal Footing with those States 
which had not complied with the Act, by raising the monies col- 
lected in consequence of it, to the credit of such of the general Requisi- 


tions as they should Judge most advisable. The Fact is that the Expen- 1787. 
ditures which that Requisition was calculated to discharge, amounted to December 
more than was collected in pursuance of it, and that to satisfy ihem we 
have been obliged to apply the monies arising from the General Requisi- 
tions. From this augmentation in Expence, and from an almost total neg- 
ligence in most of the States in supplying the General Treasury, its present 
state is such that unless immediate and Effectual Exertions are made 
by the different members of the Union to collect and pay in their arrear- 
ages of Specie, even the Form of the Government cannot, probably, be 
maintained longer than six months. It is with the utmost Difficulty that 
we have been able to secure the supply of Provisons to the Troops on the 
Western Frontiers to the first day of July next. After this period, unless 
Funds are provided by the States, they must Inevitably disband. 

The consequences which must Inevitably result from a Dissolution of 
the present System of Government before a substitute is agreed on, are 
dreadful to a considerate mind. Even in anticipation. In the foremost 
Rank of these calamities, an Indian war, more generally extensive than 
any which has heretofore happened, will present itself, and the States 
roost contiguous to the scene of action will be Exposed, not only to its 
horrors, but to an accumulation of Expence, much greater than any sums 
now retained from the General Treasury. 

Such being our prospects, it becomes our Duty to state them to your 
Excellency, and to request the Favor of you 10 lay them before the Leg- 
islature of the State. The Example of Virginia, with respect to the Re- 
quisitions, has been already followed by the State of Delaware, and will, 
probably, unless prevented in season, Extend itself through the Union. 

It b not within our Province to decide on the merits of any Plan which 
the Legislatures of the several States may adopt relative to the operations 
of Finance, when they are not connected with those of a general nature. 
The assumption of the Domestic Debt by the Legislatures of any of the 
States at thb Juncture, will, too, probably defeat, in a great Degree, the 
measures adopted by the last Congress for absorbing a very large Propor- 
tion of it. For the means of doing this, the Union are indebted to the 
liberal Policy of the State of Virginia, in her act of Cession of the Western 
Territory. A Question will probably arise whether, in addition to this 
Sacrifice of private Interest for the general weal, it would be advisable for 
the State of Virginia to collect Taxes on her Citizens for redeeming any 
Part of the Domestic Debt. The honorable Mr. Lee, one of our Col- 
les^es, who will deliver in person this Letter, will Explain to your Ex- 
lency more fully, than we can do by Letter, the present Embarrased 
situation of the Finances. His principal object in undertaking the present 
Journey arises from this source. It will give us Pleasure to learn that the 
State will, as usual, continue her support to the Gen'l Government. 

We have the Honor to be, with great Respect, 

Your Excellency's Obed't, H;bl. Serv'ts. 


.i74 :al£xdar i'jf state: ?j 

:rDrr Rssoixt 

. >-T.' 'Tqr •iw* * jt .v*rTr-r 'o -ruifniBr rn ire 


.Rirhmonrf '.'^nr Exc^lencv^ 'zvmirof fas v Tiat i' 

: 6rtt tbilofpme. vtwrcm vnii imbrmeo. me at the ^i'ir""""-m ai Doozr 

''Vliite. uiri that I vas D wim ii mi B a ; jtook oince as Aiebs 'H 

AlSiin. V' ^ i€UiKJird me at the suae nme oo 

*har :n .i:n fPt JCM ne<t rhe Letter to sugd. Cbcfls tsac I 

lame '-•r' 'he <! ^mmonwatdi oi Vj^iiiei* vinca I didL viach. T 

Zhiy^ ^vMne. coilectme tzxecacittaiid Ri SMnuui^ r;iiarwttirii.yqar£3 

-vifl fnake «iich ailowancs as via tnnik uiuu e f. 

leave to ; jimr ▼our FAirilriM. i that at rim nxoe dK L 

:o Holsimi. I vas m the tZbcmkee: namai on :iie Danes oi nxr 
harrnc'' Rctcivtwi rnstracoooi Oram Mn HlLiuy ptcvioas %a dot mac to 
attend close to die B uam e aa , 

I have rtie Honour to be 

Vonr Furiiriinf s moK Hmnbir aod ob'nt SerramL 

^^^^^^''^ ?rrai Ltosb to Gov. Randolfk* 


Hanover In bcfaaif of his nriend. Mr. Bam Andenoiu a iatc Jiaboe ot ciie f^cnce m 
coanty ^^lat Gimity. who. apon comntang oi certain p eao ax , Elisba White in 
particular, had been removed from (Dtiioe by the Rin,mif e> stc Attcr 
dwelling at Ien«rth upon rhe blamekas. eaitr life and sabatqaoML lacttii 
career of this gentleman, he coodndeg : " In private life he has aiwars been 
esteemed as a kind neiRhbor. an earnest mead, and an imdensve. woithy 
man, of Dore morals. I beiieve he lerfei more tor his cfaaiactser tlian tar 
his removal from '^dice. which, is •K' small considcratiQa when put in com- 
parison with what is so dear to him.'* Stc^ 

Dccemt/^r Capt. Rich'd Taylor to Gov. Randolph, 

ff^mpt^.n Requesting^ authonty to draw on Colo, Parker, oavai officer at Norfolk, 
(or funds sufficient to make purchases of provisions, &C:., tor the Public 
Vos^Ih at cash prices, this being the cheapest mode of supplying diem. De- 
sires also to know whether the Liberty is to be kept on her station in the 



Potomac, while there is danger from ice. Capt. James, just returned from 1787. 
that District, says there have been only two arrivals in that river within December 
the past month. ^^^ 

Colo. Arthur Campbell to Gov. Randolph. 



I hear the office of Superintendent of the Southern Department is Richmond 
now vacant, and that General Mcintosh will not serve. There is a good 
work begun, under your Excellency's auspices, with the Cherokees, and 
it is devoudy to be wished that the same pacific disposition could be 
brought about with the other Tribes. This, with other reasons, has in- 
duced me to consent that my name may be mentioned as a candidate for 
the Southern Superintendency, provided I am so happy as to be honored 
with your patronage. It will at least give Congress a choice, and nothing 
I now know of would give me greater pleasure than that it might excite 
such a competition as that a person more capable might be chosen. 

A well digested plan, our entire system, ought soon to be adopted re- 
specting all the Indians, in order to retain them in the interest of the 
United States. I have collected some thoughts on this subject, which, 
when matured, I purpose to communicate to your Excellency for your 
consideration. Whether philanthropic schemes are successful or not, will 
depend on others, but sure I am, the self satisfaction the essay will give will 
more than compensate the trouble. The present era of the affairs of the 
Union seems to be a critical one, on which account peace everywhere are 
doubly desirable, that the wisdom of our Sages may be concentered in 
bringing about, in the best way, the proposed national reform. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, 

your most obedient Servant 


P. S. — Perhaps there is a part of the history of my life which your 
Excellency is unacquainted with. When a lad I was captivated by the 
Indians, and remained with them upwards of two years, during which 
time I traversed a part of those vast regions lying to the northwest, and 
being on my arrival at their Towns, adopted in the place of one of their 
Sachems, who was kiUed in their wars with the Cherokees, I had a 
peculiar opportunity to study their language, customs and manners. 

A, C 

Arthur Campbell, Andrew Cowan, Sam'l Edmiston, Dan'l December 

Boone and Thos. Carter, to Gov. Randolph. 3'st 


If it is found next Spring that a war with the Indians is unavoidable, Richmond 
we are of (pinion that Two Companies of Rangers, of 50 men each, will 
be necessary to protect the frontiers of Washington, Montgomery and 


1787- Russell. Those allotted to range, so as to be a safeguard to the Inhabi- 
December tants of Montgomery, to be stationed on the West side of the Great 

^' Kanhawa, where the Greenbrier Road crosses to Kentucky, and on Sandy 

River, where the said road crosses that river. 

Those for the defence of the other two Counties might be stationed : 
ist. A detachment at Park's Spring, in Powell's Valley ; another at Yoa- 
kum's Station, where the waggon road crosses powell's river ; a third in 
the Rye-Cove, and the remainder in the neighbourhood of Casde-woods, 
the New-Garden, or Richlands. Scouts ought constandy to be passing 
between the Castle- wood's Station and the Fort on Sandy river. Mus- 
kets suitable for light Infantry are preferable to Rifles, as Buckshot may 
be used, and the Bayonet will be excellent for night attacks or defence. 
Five hundred pounds of Powder, with lead equivalent, will be sufficient 
for Washington and Russell, and the like quantity may be necessary for 
Montgomery. A stand of Colours, Drum and Fife, would be useful for 
each Company. 

We are your Excellency's most ob. Servants. 

December Bond of Anthony Singleton, 

In the penalty of Five thousand pounds, current money of Virginia, to 
execute the Office of Agent to invest in public securities the military cer- 
tificates. Monies, Tobaccos, and other things appropriated to a Sinking 
Fund by act of the Gen'l Assembly, &c., &c 


John Page, Wm. O. Winston, Wm. Darracott, John Lawrence, 
Geddes Winston, Thos. Tinsley, and Wm. Anderson, J'n'r, 

Hanover Testify to the high standing and good character of Mr. Bartelot Ander- 
county g^^^ jjQ^i^ ^ ^ jj^^^ Justice of the Peace, and as a citzen, &c 

Receipt for Payment for a Copying Machine, 

With 2 false bottoms, double folding Leaves, Drawer under Leaf-locks, 
hinges. Catches, &c., at the cost of £^. 4. o. for the State of Va. 

Among the Criminals Reported in the Public Jail 

Richmond Appears the name of John Price Posey, late of the Parish of St. Peter's, 
in N. Kent Co., labourer, sentenced to be hanged on the following i8th of 
January for burning the Jail and Clerk's office of said County. 


Official Bond of George Wray, 1787. 

As Naval Ofl5cer for the District of James River, port Hampton, in the December 
penalty of five thousand pounds, lawful money of Virginia, &c. 

Crop Tobacco Received for Taxes of 1787: Treasury 

• office 

Potowmack, Upper, Lower, 

Hhds. Lbs. Hhds. Lbs. 

17 18,363 10 10,860 

Rappahannock 16 18,613 19 20,764 

York — 13 i4»050 


James, Appo't'x, 4 4,555 76 80,957 

38 42,642 118 126,631 

Transfer Tobacco Rec'd for Tax of 1787: 

1 ™ I I ■ ■ I ■■»■■■ ■ I I ■ I ^^^^^ I ■■ ■! 11 ■■■■1^^ 

Upper, Lower. 

Lbs. Lbs. 

Potowmack 2,002 548 

Rappahannock 249 

York 160 


James, College Landing, 1,868 1,260 

4,356 2,057 

Sheriff prays for releif. Petitions of 

Augusta, sheriff (Bo wyer) reports not one- third of the taxes for 1783-4 * relief, 

collected, and no purchasers will attend sales of property determined people 
^ unable to 

™°- pay taxes, 

Berkeley, sheriff (Morgan Morgan) prays for releif. Taxes cannot be 
ctJlected for scarcity of money and the Impossibility to sell the property 
of debtors. 

Dinwiddie, sheriff prays for releif. 




17^7' Gloucester, sberifT prays for rdcif^ and inhabitants pedtioo to be 

lieved from taxation. 

Henry, sheriff prays for rdd£ 

Northampton, sheriff prays for relei£ 

Powhatan, sheriff prays for rdeil 

Prince Edward, sheriff prays for rdeif. 

Rockingham, sheriff prajrs for rdei£ 

* Extracts from a Journal Kept by Bolling Stark, 

When on a recent visit to the eastern frontier of the State in August and 
September, 1787, intended partly to examine into the proceedings of the 
naval officers and searchers, partly for the restoration of his own health, 
and partly as a visit to hb children, residing in Norfolk. 

Monday, Aug. 6th. — The State Boat, Patriot, having come to Richmond 
on public business, which being compleated this day, in the afternoon, I 
judged it advisable to take my passage in her to Norfolk, for the purposes 
above mentioned, and accordingly went on board at 8 o'clock this even- 
ing, having previously sent on board a sufficient quantity of stores, &c., 
to serve a week, that there might be no possible risk of the public incur- 
ring the smallest expence by my company, &c., &c. But there being no 
wind, we were under the necessity of rowing and towing, and, of course, 
made slow progress down the river. After a tedious and disagreeable 
passage of three days and four nights, occasioned by a dead calm the 
greatest part of the time, we reached Norfolk early on Friday morning, 
loth of August. At 9 o'clock this morning went on shore and took up a 
temporary residence at Capt. Hillary Moseley's, and from that day 'til 
1 6th, I employed my time in visiting my friends and acquaintances at 
Norfolk and Portsmouth. 

Aug. 1 6th. — Capt. Taylor having come over from Hampton to Norfolk, 
to get a supply of fresh provisions, &c., for both the State boats, and sig- 
nifying to me his intention of taking a cruize about the Chesapeake bay 
and the different bays thereof, for the purpose of detecting illicit traders, 

* This Journal has been copied in full from the original, because of its giving 
a clear and more succinct account of the Departments and offices visited, 
and of the functions of their incumbents, than is to be found in any document 
heretofore seen relating to this particular subject. In addition to this, it strikingly 
illustrates the fidelity with which the Inspecting officer performed his duties, and 
the scrupulous regard for accuracy and probity in every detail. This will be par- 
ticularly observed in the account he renders for the disbursing of the funds 
necessary to his journey, and in his providing his own stores, although he was 
engaged in the public service and was using a government vessel. 


I determined to embrace that opportunity of tryin^^ the effects of the sea air 1787- 
upon my impaired constitution, and, accordingly, having sent on board the 
patriot a sufficiency stores for the trip, I embarked in her myself at 5 o'clock 
this morning, and at 7 arrived at Hampton, where we stayed about 5 
hours; then set sail for the capes, but the wind blowing fresh from the east 
we did not accomplish it 'til Saturday, i8th. In short, after beating about 
in the Chesapeake several days, taking care every night to anchor in one of 
the inlets or smaller bays, we returned to Norfolk on the 20th, without an- 
swering the ends proposed, either by discovering any contraband trade 
being carried on in those small bays and little rivers which make into the 
Chesapeake, as has been suspected, or receiving the least benefit myself 
in point of health. On the 21st, Mr. Stark went from Norfolk to Hamp- 
ton in the Patriot, where he remained until the rigging of that vessel 
was repaired, in order to cross the Bay on a visit of Inspection of the naval 
officers and searchers on the Eastern shore. On the 23d, after having laid 
in a sufficiency of stores, &c., for myself, as heretofore, he says he set sail 
for Cherrystone harbour, at 6 o'clock in the morning, but was twenty-four 
hours crossing. On the 24th landed, and ws^ mo§t hospitably entertained at 
Col. Savage's, and on Saturday, the 25th, having procured horses, he set 
out for the naval office kept at Northampton C. House. Upon examina- 
tion he found all the books required by the Executive were kept, except 
the book of Invoices, and nearly in the manner and form pointed out by 
the Instructions. Irregularities were pointed out, but not one of the books 
were bound ; but the naval officer promised to provide such at once, also 
one for entering invoices also, in accordance with the order of Council of 
27th July, 1786. He promised also to provide a Book for entering De- 
posit, as required, whenever any goods were deposited. This, however, 
had never yet occurred in his District, because no strangers had ever 
traded there. His bonds and papers of the office were tied up in bundles 
and put into a chest, his salary not being adequate to his procuring the 
proper * presses for this purpose, &c The naval officer Mr. Savage, lived 
6 or 7 miles from the place where the office was kept, but, upon inquiry, 
it was found the business was promptly done by a careful young gendeman 
and the superintendance of Mr. Isaac Smith. Continues : " I observed 
to him, that as his not residing on the spot was a violation of the law, I 
considered myself bound to report the matter to the Executive. His 
reply was, that he hoped the letter of the law would not, in his case, be 
rigidly insisted upon, being confident he had orderded matters in such a 
manner that no individual whatever could possibly derive the smallest in- 
convenience or delay in their business from his non-residence. He alleged 
that it was an invariable rule to sign every permit, certificate, &c., &c., 
with his own hand." 

* Called, in more modem days, " book-cases,*' being upright receptacles, 
provided with shelves, doors, &c., for the preservation of bound and other 
records, and t>ooks generally. 


1787. Mr. Jacobs, the gentleman commissioned Searcher at Cherrystones, I 

also had an opportunity of conversing with this day, who assured me he 
had offered to qualify under his commission at the preceeding Court, but it 
was judged illegal, being quarter Term, but that he would most certainly 
undertake the execution of the office at the succeeding court in Septem- 
ber, give bond according to law and transmit a copy thereof as speedily 
as possible to the Executive. I then recommended vigilance and activity 
in the discharge of his several duties, particularly in remeasuring vessels, 
as there was good reason to suspect the public was much injured in the 
article of Tonnage. 

In the evening I set out from Northampton Court House for Onancock, 
being informed that the naval office for Accomack District was kept at that 
place. Went on my journey thither about 8 miles, and lodged that night 
at Mr. John Savage's, by particular invitation. 

Sunday, 26th. — ^Set off early this morning oa my journey to Onancock« 
which I reached about one o'clock P. M. After recovering firom the 
£itigue of my journey and taken a little refreshment, I walked out and fell 
into company with Mr. Gfbb> the naval officer, who, I found, resided and 
kept the naval office at Onancock, one of the ports of ddivery, instead of 
Accomack Court House* as the law directed. I observed to him the ille- 
gality of such conduct, and the obligatioo I was under of reportii^ the 
matter to the Executive. He plead in excuse for this noo-obscrvaiice 
ot* the law« that he had acted several years as deputy derk of Accomack, 
long before his ap(>ointment to the naval office; and resided the whole 
time in Onancod^. where the records of the County have been kept for a 
great number of years, and from whence he presumed they woukl never 
be removed : that he stills holds the office of Deputy Qcrk. whidi obliges 
him to continue where the Records of the County are deposited^ and he 
could not think of relinqutshtog that lucrative office for the triffii^ cmoin- 
ments of the naval office, and therefore shouM be under the ffisagrceable 
necessity, in justice to a growing £unily. of resigning the latter in case the 
Executive ^ould iostst upon an immediate compftancc widi the letter of 
the law. But he hoped when it was considered that the b usin g ss had gone 
on as heretofore, several months since the East naval office farar took cfiect, 
without a $tQgte person being subjected to any in coa ve ni en ce thereby, or a 
single murmur being beard respecting it» tibat they woukl be so indnlgeiit 
as CO suspend coming to any determinatiQa t b ereupoa nntii afar the rising 
of the uext jcssembly : for he expected some new r egu fciti oa would take 
place iu the Lx.>Iice oc* Accomack* either by restoring the naval office to 
the Town juid POrt of Onaocock. or removing tbe County r ecord s from 
v^^uoiKxvk CO .\ocvHnack Courthouse, both of which he uodecstood wooki 
be i-HfCicioiievl tor. 

.Vter the vX>nver$adoa upon the subject above rebified was over, die 
Mj^vai odicer requested L would enter upon the esamimtfioa of his office 
cb«it diteni«x>n. v^bserving tbut he should be very busy all next day pre- 
pdfuig the papers* vKc. Cfcc. for their quarterly court whkh was to sec on 


Tuesday following; being thus circumstanced I yielded to his solid- 1787. 
tations, though with reluctance, as it was Sunday. 

Upon examination I found he had prepared the five books directed by 
the Executive, and kept them nearly in the form prescribed by the In- 
structions. I pointed out to him the few variations therefrom, which he 
promised to rectify. Not one of the Books were bound, but he engaged 
to provide siuh as quickly as possible. No presses were provided for 
securing the books and papers, he making use of the same plea for this 
neglect that Mr. Savage had done ; however, I observed he made use of 
thr County presses for that purpose. 

I found, by a misapprehension of the Compact law, he had violated it 
in two instances, by demanding the tonnage on two Maryland vessels 
under 50 Tons, to the amount of £^^ 12. I directed him to return this 
money by the first opportunity, and make the best apology he could to 
the injured persons. Upon the whole, I was well satisfied with Mr. Gibbs' 
conduct, and consider him as a very sensible, judicious man, and am con- 
vinced, as a public officer, very anxious to have the impost laws carried 
fully into execution. The Book, directed 27th July last by the Executive, 
for entering deposits, he considered as useless, the duties being constantly 
paid down or bonded in that district. However, if it should hereafter be 
found necessary, he would take care to provide and keep it in the manner 
and form prescribed. 

Mr. Oldham, the person appointed Searcher at Onancock, I found had 
qualified under his Commission, but had failed to give bond. I enjoined 
him to comply with that essential part of the law at the succeeding court, 
which he promised to do without fail, or resign. 

The latter is to be wished for, for an hour's conversation I had with the 
two men fully convinced me that Mr. Sherlock, who had been commis- 
sioned Searcher at Folly's Landing (but residing at Onancock was 
thereby rendered ineligible, and liad returned his Commission rather than 
remove), was greatly to be preferred for an office of that nature. 

I then gave Mr. Oldham the same admonition, respecting the duties of 
his office, I had given to Mr. Jacob, the Searcher at Cherrystones ; and 
thus terminated my enquiries, &c., at the different offices on the Eastern 

Monday, 27th. — Set off from Onancock about 9 o'clock this morning 
on my return to Colonel Savage's, which I reached about twilight, and 
staid there all night. 

Teusday, 28th. — Early this morning went on board the patriot, who I 
found had been lying at the mouth of Cherrystones the four days of my 
absence, not being able to get out of the harbour on a cruize, as was in- 
tended by Capt. Taylor, by means of contrary winds, but having shifted 
to a more &vourable point this morning. Immediately upon my getting 
on board we weighed anchor, and after two hours' hard labour, and much 
difficulty in avoiding the shoals, we reached the deep water of Chesa- 
peake. A £ivofable breeze for going into York river springing up about 


1787- the same time, I determined to go thither and examine the naval office of 
that place. Not considering; it of any consequence whether it was done 
at this time, or a few days hence, after the commencement of September^ 
tho' the Executive had been pleased to order that the examination thereof 
should not be before that month, but I trust that so favorable an oppor- 
tunity of doing the business will plead my excuse for departing from the 
order of Council. 

After an agreeable sail across the bay we reached York about 8 o'clock 
in the evening, and came to anchor in 5 fathom water near the town. 

Wednesday, 29th. — At 6 o'clock this morning went on shore to the 
naval office, and upon examination found Mr. Archer, the naval officer, 
had provided the 5 books directed by the Executive in their first general 
instructions, and had kept them nearly in the form prescribed. The vari- 
ations I pointed out, which I dare say he will attend to in future. Not 
one of the books were bound, but he faithfully promised to procure such 
immediately. The book for deposits he also is of opinion will be totally 
useless in his district However, it should be provided, if found neces- 
sary hereafter, and kept together, with the book of Invoices, in the man- 
ner directed by the Executive, 27th July last. 

I found there had been a very criminating literary correspondence car- 
ried on between Mr. Archer and the naval officer at Norfolk, or rather 
with Mr. Parker's Clerk, respecting the mode of granting permits to ves- 
sels entering at Norfolk, and going afterwards to York to ddiver part of 
their cargoes. Although Mr. Archer was evidenUy right in the dispute, 
yet I did not choose to say so, but referred him to the Attorney -General 
for his advice in case Colo. Parker persisted in the error. 

I was sorry to observe that he had, by a too strict adherence to the let- 
ter of last naval officers' law, fallen into violation of the 4th Section of the 
Compact law with Maryland, by demanding — in two instances of vessels 
under 50 Tons — the impost on their Seamen, and in other instances by 
obliging small vessels loaded with lumber from Maryland to go up to 
West point to unlade. 

The money received from imposts on Seamen I directed him to restore 
as quickly as possible, and if he was not satisfied that the other matter 
was also a violation of the Compact, at least the spirit of it, to get the 
Attorney-General's opinion thereupon for his future government No 
presses were provided for the books, &c., but seemed to be safely kept in 
a Writing Desk. He gave the same reason for not doing it that had been 
given by the naval officers on the Eastern Shore. 

Having finished my examination at this office, I ^ain went on board 
the patriot about 11 o'clock, and the wind and tide being both very 
favourable for going down the river, instandy weighed anchor and set sail 
for Hampton, which place we reached about 7 o'clock in the evening. I 
immediately went on shore to my friend, Mr. Miles King's, where I con- 
tinued with my family 'til Saturday, ist Sept 

Fridav, 31st — I, this morning, visited the naval office at this place, and 


found Mr. Wray had provided the bound books directed by the Execu- 1787. 
tive, and had kept them, as to essentials, in the manner prescribed by the 
Instructions, except reciting in the book of clearances the manifests of 
Tobacco verbatim^ but instead thereof, had referred to the manifests given 
in upon oath by the Captain, and those were carefully filed away and in 
due order. He observed that inserting every Manifest of Tobacco ver- 
batim in the book of clearances, viz : mark and no., gross, nett and tare, 
and the shipper's name, would swell the entry to an enormous and 
troublesome length, as it certainly would, and presumed that the refer- 
ence above mentioned would answer every necessary purpose, and I feel 
myself rather leaning to diis opinion. In a word, I cannot but consider 
this gendeman, notwithstanding his singularity, as a valuable public offi- 
cer. No presses were provided for the Books and papers, giving the 
same reason for it that the other naval officers had done ; but the House 
being strong, with shelves in different parts, on which the books and papers 
were arranged in tolerable order, they appeared to be as safe as a wood 
fabrick will admit of. Presses would certainly have a much better appear- 
ance, and whenever the books and papers become very numerous will be 
absolutely necessary, as they can be so much quicker removed in case of 
an accident by fire. 

Having finished at this office, I returned to Mr. King's to dinner, and 
being informed by Capt. Tayl6r that he intended over to Norfolk the 
next day in the Patriot on public business, I determined to embrace that 
opportunity of returning thither with my family, and accordingly went on 
board of her this morning, Saturday, Sept ist, about 9 o'clock, imme* 
diately weighed anchor and set for Norfolk, but the wind being very un- 
&vorable, and the Tide meeting us about 4 miles from the town, were 
obliged to come to and wait 'til the next flood, and that making late in 
the evening, put it out of our power to reach the harbour before dark, 
about which time a heavy rain coming on obliged us to stay on board all 
night ; the next morning, early, went on shore to Capt. Moseley's. 

Teusday, Sept 4th. — This forenoon went over to Portsmouth, in order 
to examine into the proceedings of the Searcher at that place. I found 
he had got all his permits folded, or rather rolled promiscuously to- 
gether, and secured in a locked I>esk, but not one of them registered, as 
required by the instructions of the Executive. He alledged, in excuse for 
this neglect of duty, that it had not been in his power to procure paper 
large enough for the purpose, but was in daily expectation of receiving a 
bound book, sufficiendy large, from Baltimore, and when it arrived would 
certainly enter therein all the permits in due order and agreeable to the 
forms prescribed. 

It having been hinted to me, upon my first getting down to Norfolk, 
that several American vessek had been entered at much less tonnage than 
they would really measure, I gave him a pointed caution upon that sub- 
ject, for I found upon enquiry he had been inattentive to the matter, not- 
withstanding the charge in his instructions, owing, in all probability, to his 


1787- not being entitled to any part of the penalty for concealed tonnage. The 
examination at this office, if it can with propriety be called one, being 
finished, I returned to Norfolk to dinner. 

Friday, 7th Sept. — This forenoon went to visit the naval officer at Nor- 
folk in a formal manner, and upon examination found all the books 
directed by the Executive, as well as those by the last and the /irsl in- 
structions were provided, except the book for entering Invoices, which 
he promised to procure immediately and have kept in the manner directed 
by the last Instructions of 27th July. The Books were only half bound, 
which he seemed to think had been sufficiently expensive, unless the As- 
sembly would consent to its being a public charge. They were kept 
nearly in the manner prescribed by the Instructions. Wherever there 
was a variation I pointed it out to Colo. Parker, who promised to conform 
more exactly thereto in future. A Press was provided for the papers of 
office, such as bonds, &c., &c., which were properly arranged, bundled up 
and put away, but there being none for the books, they appeared to be 
left sometimes upon a Writing Desk, sometimes in one appartment of the 
office, and sometimes in another, upon tables, just as it suited the clerk's 
ease and convenience, but being a strong house, I presume they are suffi- 
ciently secure in any part thereof. During my stay at Norfolk I had sev- 
eral times observed that the instructions, respecting the office being opened 
early, was not attended to by his clerks. This inattention I took notice 
of to Colo. Parker, who promised there should be a more punctual ob- 
servance thereof, but having understood that he seldom came to the office 
himself at very early hour, it is to be feared there will be no great amend- 
ment in that particular. After having finished the necessary examination 
(as I judged) at the naval office, I returned to Capt. Moseley's to dinner, 
and after dinner visited Mr. Graves's office (the Searcher at Norfolk), 
where I made some discoveries, not apprized of, when on my visit to the 
naval office in the forenoon. I found the Searcher had provided a half- 
bound book, of a proper size, for registering permits, which he had done 
in the manner and form required by his instructions. 

The permits themselves were judiciously filed away in monthly order. 
Upon examination of these permits I made the discoveries just alluded to. 
First, of several permits being issued from the naval office, directed to 
him, to attend to the delivery' of vessels' whole cargoes, though it 
was known that a partial delivery thereof was intended at Norfolk, and 
afterwards sending copies thereof, that is, of whole cargoes, directed to the 
searcher at City point, though it was notorious that much the greatest 
part was delivered at Norfolk, thus falling into the absurdity of having the 
same cargo fully entered in the Searcher's office at Norfolk, and also in 
the Searcher's office at City point. I also observed, noted at the foot of 
some of these permits, allowances of dutiable articles for stores much too 
liberal in my opinion. I found that Mr. Graves* bond, for the faithful dis- 
charge of his office, had not been executed in the particular manner 
which it seems the court required. I enjoined him to have it done at the 


succeeding court without fail, for I doubted whether his actings and doings 1787. 
were legal until the bond was approved by the court and admitted to 
record. The reason of ibis bond being in this imperfect stale, is that the 
late Captain Barron had been put into it as one of the securities, but was 
prevented from attending to sign and acknowledge it by his last illness, 
and the court refused to receive the other security alone. It appeared to 
have been offered to the court for their approbation in due time, was exe- 
cuted by himself and one security, and has remained with the clerk ever 
since. I gave him also a caution respecting the imposition on the public 
in the article of Tonnage. I cannot forbear adding that, from my own obser- 
vation of this officer's conduct, I consider him as the most active and vigi- 
lant I had met with. Having now finished the inquiries I wished to make 
at the searcher's office, and being after sunset, I relumed to my usual 

Saturday, 8th. — The information obtained last evening at the searcher's 
office, led me again to the naval office this morning, and, in a short time, 
convinced Colo. Parker of the impropriety of issuing permits in the manner 
already mentioned, and he readily agreed in those cases where part of a 
vessel's cargo only was to be delivered at Norfolk, and the remainder up 
James River, to issue two sets of permits, in each of which to be entered 
only the packages intended for each place. One of these sets (viz., two) 
to be directed to the searcher at Norfolk, the other set to the searcher at 
City Point or Bermuda Hundred, as the case may be, and the searcher at 
Norfolk to be furnished with a copy of the last mentioned for his full in- 
formation of the whole cargo where the vessel broke bulk. The other 
matter of stores he rather persisted in, and, indeed, seemed to think him- 
self not at liberty by the instructions to refuse anything asked for on that 
score, but expressed an earnest wish that the Executive would define that 
matter, as he had been sometimes embarrased concerning it. 

I then mentioned to him a matter which the searcher suggested to me, 
and by which a villianous Captain had it in his power frequently to im- 
pose upon the public. The naval office law directs that one permit shall be 
delivered to the Captain, open at the time of Entry, and a copy thereof be 
inclosed and directed to the searcher ; this letter to be delivered to the 
captain also. Now, as it oflen happens in the hurry of business, that 
these letters were delivered out of the naval office before the seal was half 
dry. and wafers being always made use of, nothing was easier than to 
open it when in that wet state and add to the inclosed permit, in the case 
of barreb of sugar or hogsheads of rum, a single figure, taking care to 
make the alterations correspond with the number on board, and thus get 
permission of the searcher to land double or treble the number of barrels 
or hogsheads actually entered at the naval office, thereby saving the duty 
on the quantity not entered ; and this piece of villiany I found could be 
practiced without any risk of immediate detection, for an addition of one 
or two figures on the left would answer the purpose, it being customary to 
fill up the permits with figures in such cargoes as rum and sugar. I advised 




1787. Colo. Parker, as the best expedient which occurred to me, invariably to 
have the paper which covered permits well impressed with the seal of 
office, and then if any attempt was made to open them the impression 
would thereby be so defaced as to excite suspicion in the searcher, and 
possibly lead to an immediate discovery of the intended fraud. 

Sept 8th. — Capt. Taylor having signified to me that the ^^50 drawn 
by him on account when at Richmond, for discharging contingent 
expences of the two State boats, was nearly expended, the said boats 
being destitute of almost every necessary at the time he took charge of 
them. As this was a matter which came under my own observation, I 
took the Liberty of requesting Colo. Parker to furnish him with jQ20 or 
£y>, in case he should find so much absolutely necessary for the above 
purposes before next quarter day. The Capt. also, at the same time, ex- 
pressed a desire of taking passage in a vessel about to sail this day firom 
Norfolk to Rappahannock, for the pur(>ose of visiting his fiunily and give 
the necessary orders for their removal to Hampton, and having asked my 
opinion of the matter, I could not petend to give a sanction to such a step, 
not being authorized to do so, but could not forbear saying that, in my 
opinion, an indulgence of 10 or 12 days upon such an occasion was due 
to a good, attentive officer, and as there was a probability of Capt James 
getting well enough in a few days to take command of the Patriot, which 
I understood he had directed him to do immediately upon his being able, 
and to cruise in the bay 'til his return, I could not conceive that any in- 
convenience of consequence could flow from his absence so short a time, 
especially as it was at a season of the year when there were very few ar- 

The Patriot being thus left without any commissioned officer, Lieut. Bar- 
ron, being on the Potomack station, and Capt. James sick at Hampton, 
consequently not in a proper situation to make a cruise, I thought it best to 
embrace this opportunity of going up in her, in order to visit the searchers 
at City point and Bermuda Hundreds, to return under the command of 
the pilot, a very prudent, discreet young man, and to whom Capt Taylor 
himself had given the charge of her before he went away, at least until 
Capt. James was able to go on aboard. 

I judged it much more eligible to do this than to have her lying 
either in Norfolk or Hampton harbour, exposed to the worm, especially 
as there would be a small saving to the public, for by going up in her I 
should not think myself justifiable in charging more than the time actu- 
ally engaged in examining the two offices. Whereas if I had paid my 
passage thither in any other Vessel, should have considered myself at 
liberty to charge that in addition to the days of examination. 

Sept 8th. — Having taken my leave (after returning from the naval 
office) of my friends in Norfolk, I embarked with my family on board the 
Patriot about 11 o'clock, a sufficiency of stores going with us, as usual, 
and after an agreeable sail up James River reached City Point Sunday 
evening a little after dark. 


Monday 9th. — Went on shore early this morning and entered upon the 1787. 
examination of the searcher's office at City point. I found he had pro- 
vided a half-bound book of the proper size for registering permits, but 
no entry made therein. I observed his mode of registering permits here- 
tofore was not agreeable to the form in the Searcher's instructions, 
alleging, in excuse for an unmeaning departure therefrom, that he once 
made a return to the Auditor in the manner prescribed by the Executive, 
but he refused to receive it. In this I am pretty confident he must be 
mistaken. However, I directed him in future to follow the instructions 
received from the Executive, without variation in form or substance. He 
informed me had never received from the Norfolk Naval officer an impres- 
sion of that seal, though Colo. Parker assured me he had sent it to him ; 
he had received it from the Hampton Naval Office. I observed several 
permits in this office issued from the naval office at norfolk, in which the 
amount of the duties was not entered, and in others nothing mentioned 
as an allowance for stores, though the searcher informed me the Captains 
invariably insisted upon stores at the time of unloading, which had embar- 
rassed him very much in several instances. 

The permits themselves were bundled up and kept in a chest. I also 
gave him a caution respecting the remeasuring of vesseb. 

Sept 9th. — Having finished here, I got Mr. Roan's boat and went over 
to the Searcher's Office at Bermuda Hundred, where I found a book of 
the proper size for registering permits was prepared and kept in the 
manner and form prescribed by the instructions, but it was not even half- 
bound. I directed him to transmit an attested copy of his bond to the 
Executive without further delay. He informed me he had not received 
an impression of the naval Office Seal, either from Hampton or Norfolk. 
The naval officers at those two places assured me they had been sent. I 
also gave him a caution concerning the remeasurement of Vessels. The 
permits themselves were at this office secured in the same manner as at 
City point. After this examination was over I returned to Mr. R'd 
Eppes' at City Point, it being then about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, dis- 
charged the Patriot, borrowed a row-boat and set off with my &mily up 
Appomattox river on my way to Petersburg. 

Note. — It appeared to me front the conversation I had with the 
officers and searchers that not one of them had made himself acquainted 
with the Acts of Assembly recommended to their perusal and attention 
by the Executive ; indeed, I much doubt whether they had ever looked 
into one-half of them. And from other observations I am convinced that 
nothing but frequent visits and occasionally a litde rigour will bring them 
to a punctual compliance with the instructions. 

Upon taking a review of the foregoing journal, it appears I was actually 
engaged in examining the naval offices in Northampton, Accomack and 
York, and the Searchers at City Point and Bermuda hundred, about 
four days, including the time necessarily employed in travelling from one 


J787. office to the other on the Eastern Shore, And expended about £$. in 
liquors and provisions put on board the Patriot, for my Stores when going 
io and /rom those several officers — This sum being equal to four days 
wages. I think myself justifiable in charging for 8 days service, and 
shall do so, making in the whole charge the sum of six pounds. The 
remaining /^6,, advanced to me by Order of the Executive as a visitor to 
the naval officers, &c., I shall return to the Treasury. The time employed 
in examining the offices at Hampton, Norfolk and Portsmouth, I make 
no charge for, as I should have visited those places for private purposes. 

I am, your Excellency's 

Obed't humble Serv't, 


1788. Report of a Committee 

January ist To whom had been referred the Report on the Treasurer's Accounts, 
General &c. Previous to the discovery of the Deficiency communicated by the 

Assembly Treasurer himself to the General Assembly, the total receipts at the 
Treasury amounted to ;^ii403,556. 18. 4j^., of which ;^387.26i. 2. 10)^ 
was in Specie ; the remainder was received in Warrants and Certificates 
taken in discount for Taxes, and in Tobacco, Hemp and Deer Skins. 
The deficiency referred to was found to be ;C2,9i6. 6s. id., and occurred 
either from a loss of Certificates, or of Specie, or fi-om some error or 
mistake in the sale or transfer of the various articles of produce received 
in payment of Taxes. The conduct of the Treasurer had been such as 
gave evidence of a most decided and incontrovertible proof of his int^- 
rity, and the present mode of keeping the Accounts of the Treasury under 
the late Law, is such, that no mistake of the like nature can ever happen 
again. After full investigation, it was determined by the Gen'i Assembly 
that the Treasurer be allowed to make payment of the aforesaid Sum of 
;^2,9i6. 6. I. in any of , the Securities of this State, which carry an interest 
of six pounds per Centum, &c. Whereupon, Jacquelin Ambler, Treasurer, 
entered into Bond, in the sum of Fiv^ thousand, eight hundred and thirty- 
two pounds, twelve shilhngs and two pence, John Ambler and John Mar- 
shall being his sureties, to make good this deficiency by two several equal 
payments, one on loth January, 1789, and the latter on the loth January, 
1790. This Bond was signed and sealed in presence of Alex. K. Mar- 
shall. The amount in full duly paid as appears by the endorsements on 
this Report and Bond. 


Elisha White to Gov. Randolph, 1788. 

Protesting against the reinstatement of Bartlotte Anderson as a magistrate January ist 

in Hanover, and expressing his willingness to reoi>en the investigation Hanover 

of the dirty business, especially with reference to Anderson's connection county 
with the Warehouses at New Castle or Hanover Town, &c 

Jerman Baker to the Governor, January ist 

Expressing his inability to do more than to confer occasionally with the Archer's Hill 
Commissioner for settling the accounts between the State and the U. 
States, and thus to give such instructions as might be useful to him, &c. 

Arthur Campbell, Saml. Edmiston, Andrew Cowan, and Thos. January 3d 

Carter to Gov. Randolph. 

We beg leave to submit the following answers to the queries Your Richmond 

Excellency was pleased to favour us with yesterday : 

Ans. ist. That only one Troop of Horse are necessary to each Regi- 
ment — and in some Counties that might be dispensed with — and the ap- 
pointment of Officers for these may be deferred until recommendations 
comes from the respective Counties. 

2nd. We believe six scouts will be sufficient for Washington and Rus- 
sell ; four for Montgomery, and the like number for Greenbrier. 

3rd. We hope that at least one full Company of Rangers, under an 
experienced Officer, will be allowed to do duty towards the Ohio, and, 
if attacks are apprehended from the Southern Indians, another Company 
may be necessary in PowelFs Valley and on Clinch. Or the last men- 
tioned Company might be raised by occasional drafts from the Militia or 
Detachments from the Light Companys of Washington, Montgomery and 

We believe it would be an improvement were the Ranging Companys 
of one-half musket men, their guns and Bayonets to be of a neat and 
light construction, something similar to those used by the British High- 
land Regiments when in America. 

The Scouts ought occasionally to attend the Ranging Companys. And 
if Indians were to be pursued over the Ohio, Horsemen, proi>erly armed, 
would be the most useful. These are cursury thoughts ; perhaps a more 
perfect plan and more economical might be formed, should your Excel- 
lency judge it proper to leave the consideration of the subject to a Coun- 
cil of the Field Officers of the three South Western Counties, to meet in 
February, except as to Scouts, which, we think, ought to be ordered into 
service in February or early in March. 

We have the honor to be, Sir, 

with great respect, Y'r most ob't Serv't 



1788. Election of Four Additional Judges of the General Court 

January 4th By joint ballot of both Houses. Mr. Nicholas, Mr. Clay, Mr. Bushrod 

House of Washington, Mr. Mason, Mr. Ronald, Mr. Zane, Mr. Norvell, and Mr. 

Delegates Biand, the Committee to meet a Committee of the Senate to examine the 

Ballot- Boxes, which, having been done in the Conference chamber, it was 

found that there was a majority of votes in favor of Joseph Prentis, Gabriel 

Jones, Saint George Tucker, and Richard Parker, Esquires. 

January 4th 

Thomas Underwood to Governor Randolph, 

January 5th 

In regard to certain claims of individuals against the State, left in the 
hands of the Honorable Mr. Jones. The one in the name of Gen'l Clark is 
for supplys furnish 'd the Troops under his Command in the western Coun- 
try, and I have been inform*d that Gent'm. accutally sold his property at 
a low rate to procure those supplys. For this claim I did expect to have 
rec'd some paym't out of the Fund arising fh>m the Tax on patented Land 
in the Western Country, agreeable to the Laws of appropriation in the 
year 1784, &c. 

Concerning the Defence of the Western Waters 

Richmond The following communications have been received : 

counties. • 



Harrison and 

Washington . 
Mont^ntery. . 
Rnssell j 





t Nelson 



Dele^tes from. 

Wm. McMachen, 
A. Woods. 
Wm. McCIeery 
Chas. Martin . 

. P. Duvall... 

. Prunty 

G. Jackson 

A. Campbell... 
S. Edmondson 


Andrew Cowan. 
Thos. Carter. . . . 
Dan'l Boone — 

T. Marshall 

J. Fowler, j'n'r. . , 

Thos. Kennedy. 
C. Harrison — 

A. Field 

G. Clendenin... 

Horse to be raised. 

Haifa troop 

Haifa troop 

No Horse necessary. 

Number of 

Two Troops. 
One Troop.. 



ID Scouts. 

6 Scouts. 
4 Scouts. 


6 Scouts. 

Sixty, exclusive of oflkers. 
Forty-five " " 
6omcn " 

100 men " " 

50 men " 

{They think that the whole 
ought to be submitted 
to a Board of Officers. 

One Company 

1 Companjr of Rangers. 

2 Companies 

* To the Legislature from said Counties. 

t In Kentucky, cut off from Jefferson Co. in 1784. 


The Delegates from Kentucky, D. Boone, T. MarshaD, and J. Fowler, 1788. 
Jr., inform the Executive that the number of militia necessary to defend January 5th 
the frontier of that District will depend upon the vigor with which the 
savages may carry on the war. They therefore recommend that the mat- 
ter be left to a meeting of the Feild Officers of the District, to be called 
by the County Lieutenant Most of the cavalry in that country were 
volunteers ; had selected their own officers subject to the general militia 
law, and tliey therefore decline to recommend any. The arms sent out 
in the Spring of 1787 wer^ generally unfit for service, and not a single 
scabbord, belt, cartridge box or flint came with them. 

George Clendenen, the delegate from Greenbriar, gave his opinion that 
the Indians would continue their hostilities in the ensuing Spring, and 
therefore gave the following information upon the subject of general 
defence, &c. 

From the place where the State Road, which is now finished, strikes 
the Kanawa to the mouth thereof, is Eighty miles, in which bounds are 
four Small Stations, consisting of about Ten £similies each, one of which is 
situated at the mouth of the Great Kanawa, on the Greenbrier side of the 
River ; another at the mouth of Coal River, a branch of the Great Kanawa 
on the Montgomery side. One other at John Morrises, about seventeen 
miles above Coal, on the same side of the River, and the other at the 
place where the State Road strikes the Kanawa, all of which places are 
situated to give equal defence to either of the aforesaid Counties. I am 
to inform your Excellency that I conceive sixty men would be sufficient, 
to be equally divided between the Four Stations, subject, nevertheless, to 
be moved or shifted