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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 12, No. 2, August 1920"

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The Rosecroft Collection of Begonias By J. G. Woodcock 
In Our Elfin Woodlands . * By Ralph W. Sumner 
The Flower Garden By Mary Mathews 

The Vegetable Garden . . By Walter Birch 

Forgotten Flower Gardens . . By B. A. Reynolds 

Flowers of All Nations . . By G. R. Gorton 

AUGUST, 1920 



Landscape Gardener 

Two years general foreman 
Exposition Grounds, 1913-14 

Five years general foreman 
City Park, 1915-20 

Gardens and parks designed, 
planted, maintained. 

Insect and disease pests con- 

Sprinkling systems installed. 

I do tree blasting also 

Prices reasonable — estimates 

R. No. 2, Box 528 San Diego 


1260 UNIV. AVE. 



Bignonias or 

trumpet vines 

CHERERE, best evergreen 
Red Blossoms 

VENUSCA, winter Bloomer 
Orange Color 

VIOLACAE, Spring Bloomer 
Violet Color 


No. 3 Car line- 
Lewis and Stephens Streets 

Phone, Main 1124 

1201 Broadway, San Diego 


Beacon Hills Nursery 

Landscape Architect and 
General Nurseryman 

Grounds laid out Artistically— None too Large — None too Small 

I carry the largest assortment of Nursery stock in the county, 
including Fruit Trees, Shade Trees, Shrubbery, Roses, Bedding 
Plants, Pot Plants, Ferns, Bulbs and other rare plants seldom 
seen. Full line of Seeds (Flower and Vegetable), Fertilizers, Soil, 
Leafmould, and Insecticides. In fact if you are unable to find what 
you want in my yard, it is doubtful you can find it elsewhere. 
Information Cheerfully Given on All Plant Troubles. 

The California Garden 

Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 

One Dollar per Year, Ten Cents per Copy 

Vol. 12 


No. 2 

Efficiency In Our Gardens 

During the past ten or fifteen years, much 
has been said and written about this effici- 
ency thing — efficiency engineers have come 
into being, and have come into our offices and 
our factories and straightened us all out — 
or balled us all up. Anyway, they are with 
us, and there is much talk about lost motion, 
duplication of work and all the rest of it. 
Recently, say within less than half of that 
time, there have arisen psychologists to tell 
us whether we are subnormal, normal or 
abnormal, whether we are supermen or not 
men at all — having only the brain of a child. 
They examine — not our minds, but our men- 
tal processes, to ascribe motives or to deter- 
mine why we are less efficient than we should 
be, — and to suggest a remedy. 

It seems to us, as we meditatively chew 
our editorial pencil, that there is a field for 
that efficiency expert, and that pychologist 
fellow, to go with us over our gardens ,and 
improve perhaps the arrangement or maybe 
our system of handling same — or possibly 
give us systems — sometimes we haven't any. 
Many of our gardens are only about 5 0% 
efficient, and some of us gardeners would only 
score about half that. What is the matter? 
Why is it that too often otherwise brainy men 
and women leave their gray matter in the 
house when they go out to work in their gar- 
dens? Probably the answer lies in the fact 
that the garden is closer to nature, and so, 

unlike the factory, store or office, we think 
it ought to sort of run itself, with here and 
there somebody to start it going, turning it 
loose to make its own way in the world and 
then to come back after a while and wonder 
why the doggone thing won't grow, or why 
it is full of scale insects or aphis, or rust or 
mildew, or why it has an anaemic malnour- 
ished look like a sweatshop girl. Possibly 
if we had inquired whether it needed to be 
planted in sun or shade, heavy or light soil; 
needed much, little or no fertilizer, or 
whether being close to a big eucalyptus made 
any difference; or whether the judicious use 
of an insecticide was au fait things might 
have been different. Or perhaps it wouldn't 
have been out of the way to ascertain how 
much pruning it needs, and when and where, 
and so on until it is borne in upon us that 

even back yard gardening takes thought, 

is not like playing the double nothing, — and 
the results are returned to us in proportion 
as we have expended not only energy but 
thought to the matter. And while we are 
trying to talk like an efficiency engineer, may 
we venture the suggesion that there are many 
opportunities to make our heads save our 
heels in the mere mechanical part of our gar- 
den work. If we do plan our work we can 
either have just as good a garden for much 
less effort, or more garden for the same ef- 
fort we are now putting forth. Think it 

The Rosecroft Colle&ion of Begonias 

By Fidelia G. Woodcock 

Whether tribute to the success of the 
flower is due to the plant itself or to the 
plant-grower who brings it out is a question 
in psychology that carries one to the point 
where reflexes work together from what they 
have to build upon, for plant construction, 
to serve a purpose is a pretty good combin- 
ation of what nature, art, and taste can af- 
ford to produce a desired hybrid. In bring- 
ing the type to perfection the Rex begonia 
group in the Rosecroft lath house of Alfred 
D. Robinson of Point Loma, has been treated 

in a way that shows that there is something 
to be told in how the beautiful leaf spreads 
its sensitized surface to light and makes its 
wonderful film, stencilled in so many forms 
with lines of constantly varying color; Em- 
peror William with the stain of carnage most 
prominent and ineffaceable; Lord Palmers- 
ton, President Carnot, not however a Rex; 
Sea Foam, Modestip, and Countess Louise 
Erdoedy, a special form of leaf rather un- 
usual, with some others that one might en- 
joy the pleasure of determining for oneself. 

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The plan of the lathhouse gives this group 
a slightly elevated position in a setting con- 
structed upon nature's way of affording cool, 
moist and porous undersoil, well and perhaps 
regularly drained to reduce any tendency to 
stagnation from the decomposing pest that 
produces natural fertilizer. Above this is a 
stratum of rich loam, covered with sphagnum 
moss from under the Descanso oaks, a ton or 
more of forest earth brought by Mr. Robin- 
son exclusively for the. purpose of creating 
conditions to suit the temperament of his 
begonia plants. 

And for the many strains of Rex there is 
a common character by which it can be de- 
termined from all the rest. The name "beef- 
steak geranium" was for many years its pop- 
ular name and like folk-lore similes it had 
a reason for existence. Fleshy and succulent, 
there is a suggestiveness in the title. For 
as a store-house for plant-food like the gourd 
and like the cactus it holds a place between 
the two for drought insistence. But while 
doing well in endurance it does better, far 
better, than most house plants with the same 
amount of care. Most begonias will thrive 
with little sunshine and some charcoal wa- 
ter, in a well protected soil — tuberous or 
fibrous rooted. 

This brings us to the consideration of 
seedlings. From the pod of a Viaude, one 
of the tuberous rooted begonias, enough in- 
dividual plants were propagated to form the 
border of one of the walks where tall grow- 
ing varieties such as fragrant odorata-alba, 
Mme de Lesseps, fuehsiodes, and Corbeille 
de Feu, "basket of fire", grow with foliosa 
to a height of four or five feet. The foliage 
of Viaude is remarkably strong in growth 
and outline and has a good clear color, and 
the flower, unlike some of the more fragile 
clusters, holds its own with the rest of the 


Seedling begonias are perhaps the most 
interesting as well as the most easily culti- 
vated of any of the lath house subjects as 
they respond readily to a moderate amount 
of care. Up to a certain stage of growth the 
spring plant has much the appearance of 
saxifraga sarmentosa, the creeping saxifraga, 
used either as a ground cover in green- 
houses or as a potted plant for hanging bas- 
kets. Its very coarse and uninteresting 
hairy surfaces in juvenile forms are the pre- 
serving characters that give it such .richness 
of color at maturity. In one large bed Mr. 
Robinson has planted more than a hundred 
seedlings about March 24 of the present year 
and expects a full blooming crop of the tub- 
erous rooted seedlings for potting next De- 
cember. Viaude is an excellent variety and is 
especially well adapted to potting purposes 
as all the tuberous kinds are when trans- 
planted. Its success is parallel with that 

of other rare developments at Rosecroft. 

Begonia Lloydii at one time used in bed- 
ding is a form of Begonra boliviensis that on 
account of its heavy blooming as a bedder 
became better adapted to a mossy profusion 
of golden green sphagnum with a less rich 
soil and more of the aerial basket culture, 
being made over into a pendent type in Lon- 
don nurseries Originally a ground form it 
is even a more desirable plant for wicker 
work holders. As it overhangs the hedge 
effect of tree-like species of begonia, the 
unique reds of the hybrids have much tne 
appearance of the blossoms of crab cactus, 
in the way of an experiment the structure 
of the lathhouse itself gives plenty of atmos- 
phere without overpowering sunlight in the 
open space between the pergola like ceiling 
on which the lianas climb and the real dome 
of the building. So that the aerial plants 
are free to climb with the tree like shrubs 
which the more compact growths deveiop at 
the cultural limit from the presence of well 
lighted sides of the building formed by an 
original chicken yard and corp with windows 
all around. 

At a cost of $35,000 the site was redeemed 
for a botanical garden by using the high 
fences of the poultry corral for protection 
from the ocean winds at Point Loma. Every 
feature of the natural ground has been used 
for some group of plants best suited to that 
particular spot and for free growth there is 
not the fault of the sometime overplanted 
conservatory. With a few ferns planted in- 
dividually and somewhat isolated the whoie 
interior has at once a graceful and pleasing 


(By June Frances Dale, 
in Orchard and Farm) 
I thank thee, oh Lord, for the green 
things, the living things that my babies shall 
know: for the sweet bosom of the earth that 
caresses their tiny feet; for the blue vault of 
the heavens, unsmirched with unclean smoke, 
that rewards their innocent, searching eyes. 
May the precious lessons that they shall learn 
of the flowers, the birds and the open fields 
remain ever in their hearts, oh Father, that 
they may know and believe in thee, even as 
I who have found thee here. — Amen. 


If you Ride the Merry-Go-Round? 

The man on the wooden horse is like the 
man who works week after week without 
saving money. He gets nowhere. 

The one sure way to succeed is to save. 
You can't lose on savings put into War Sav- 
ings Stamps and Treasury Savings Certifi- 
cates. They are always worth more than you 
paid for them. 

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fc Owt Elfin W< 



sgg^ gaBeasS g 

During "Exposition" days, when planting 
was at full blast an order used to come into 
the nursery for a number of "Worse-than- 
Whiskey" in gallon cans. Had an officer of 
the law intercepted that order in the year 
1920 he would have been hot on the trail to 
find out what kind of a new drink was that. 
Now we had growing in gallon cans ready for 
planting, a large quantity of Solanum War- 
scewiczii and to distinguish these from other 
Solanums the boys called them "Worse-than- 
Whiskey", as an easy way to get around a 
jaw-breaking Polish name. The point I wish 
to bring out is that a great many of our 
botanical names can be so associated with 
others in common use that they lose their 
dreaded appearance. Not that I would advo- 
cate using the substitute, except only as a 
suggestion to the right name. 

I am highly in favor of using common 
names for our wild flowers, because it en- 
ables the busy man or woman, and the chil- 
dren, to get on speaking terms with the 
plants, whereas, to attempt hard botanical 
names would only discourage the beginner. 
But botanical names are best for they mean 
the same plant in every land, a common lan- 
guage, if you please. So I hope to encourage 
all my readers to use the universal names as 
fast as they can learn them. Use the system 
of association suggested above, or, better 
still, get a dictionary of botanical names'* 
and with its help divide the difficult word 
into its root meaning. For example, there 
is a tiny plant that grows in the mountains 
by the name Nemacladus ramosissimus var. 
montanus, belonging to the Lobelia family, a 
real puzzle to remember and understood until 
you know what it means. The first part, 
Nema, means thread, the second, cladus, 
means stem. In this same connection the 
microscopic thread-like Eel-worm that is so 
destructive to potatoes is named Nematode. 
The second or specific name ramosissimus 
means very much branched, being the super- 
lative of rameus, pertaining to a branch, and 
the last name or variety montanus means 
growing on the mountains. So translated the 
difficult appearing name changes into an in- 
teresting story something like this: "The 
stem and branches of this tiny plant are as 

*A good book of this sort is "Dictionary of 
Botanical Names," by Geo. Frederick Zimmer 
E. P. Dutton & Co., New York, Publishers 

fine as thread and spread into a veritable 
network. Its home is in the mountains." 
Truly nothing hard about that. So when a 
hard botanical name presents itself, take the 
time to find out what it means, and you will 
often find gold nuggets for your pains of dig- 
ging. If you only dig into one hard name a 
week, by next Spring when the wild flowers 
are at their best, you will have near half a 
hundred flowers in close acquaintance besides 
the ones already in your possession. 

In connection with this study always learn 
the family name, for it brings added inter- 
est, and often a big surprise. For instance, 
some of you may take a ride out on Point 
Loma this month, and after you look at the 
beautiful view near the old lighthouse, prowl 
around in the brush and find a leafless, gray 
stemmed shrub, often covered with dichens 
and bearing small dull-colored flowers. Tt 
is Euphorbia misera, the specific name mean- 
ing miserable or sickly. Now for the sur- 
prise — this plant not only is of the same fam- 
ily as our wonderful Christmas flower, the 
Poinsettia, but is first cousin once removed. 

At this time of year, July, when the annual 
wild flowers have mostly become a memory, 
it is a very appropriate time to study the 
shrubs that form our elfin woodlands. It is 
now that they grow most luxuriantly and it 
is their hey-day as much as April and May 
was the blooming time of grass and flowers. 

It is a fact that Point Loma was once fav- 
ored with an oak forest, but men of little 
forethought cut it into firewood. Are we, as 
a city, going to be wiser and take steps to 
preserve from fire and depredation that other 
legacy the past has given up, the "Torrey 
Pines?" A considerable has been said about 
the making of the north end of our city boun- 
dary into a welcome park. The owner of 
adjacent Torrey Pines property is only too 
glad to co-operate with the city in such an en- 
terprise, and some day no doubt the public 
will urge it as a few individuals are now 
doing. It is said that properly laid out 
trails, a little fire-fighting paraphernalia, and 
a telephone would make safe from oblitera- 
tion these pines, the only ones of their kind 
on the mainland, and in the world. Excel- 
lent suggestions have been given in the pages 
of past issues of "The Garden", both as to 
improving this natural park, and to planting 
of the highway which runs directly through 
it. But the thing that appeals most to every 

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lover of wild plant growth, after the pines 
themselves, is the elfin-woods, and their asso- 
ciated wild flowers, its geographical situation, 
and its topography. A number of years ago, 
a friend and one who has "boosted" the Torrey 
Pines Park project ever since, camped with 
the writer a day and a night on this most 
interesting and beautiful spot. To the north 
and east lowlands and hills presented a scene 
of color and form beyond describing, to the 
west breezes brought the tang of the sea, and 
the sound of surf from the beach below. That 
night its murmering song blended with the 
music of a clear night sky, Vega touched the 
chords of heaven's lyre, and we slept. Great- 
ly refreshed the next morning we explored 
to our heart's content. Ravines run toward 
the ocean, gradually deepening, till they are 
abruptly ended by steep cliffs to the sands 
beneath. Picturesque, wind beaten "Torries" 
stand sturdily on the mesa points, and the old 
blue Pacific is always ready with a refreshing- 

Of the flowering shrubs, probably the 
"Bush Poppy" (Dendromecon rigidum) re- 
ceives more comment than any other. Its 
large bright yellow flowers at once bespeak 
themselves of the poppy family, but the nar- 
row sharp pointed leaves are more those of 
willow ■ than poppy. In the early summer 
these bright wholesome looking shrubs are 
a cheer to the traveler, and when the new 
Torrey Pines Park is completed what a royal 
combination would they make with such com- 
panions as "Mexican Slippery Elm" (Fre- 
montia Mexicana), recently so graphically de- 
scribed by a much beloved "Garden" writer, 
and the queenly "Matilija Poppy" (Romneya 
coulteri). The small uniquely lobed leaves, 
and golden flowers of the "Fremontia" con- 
trasting sharply with the slashed bluish green 
leaves, and large white flowers of the "Ro- 
meya". Such plants as these thrive on prac- 
tically no water at all and could be grown 
perfectly at the "Torrey Pines" if planted out 
of the direct wind, say behind a group of 
Rhus laurinas, or on the lee of a knoll or ra- 
vine slope. 

The ravines in this section are remarkable 
for the large size shrubs they grow. In fact, 
the whole mesa is blanketed with a very thick 
growth of elfinwoods, most of which are com- 
mon to our southland. There is one, how- 
ever, while not rare still it carries consider- 
able interest because of its family connection. 
It is known as Cneoridium (pronounced ner- 
idium) dumossum, and belongs in the same 
family with the orange, lemon and other cit- 
rus fruits. Its leaves and b-rk are full of oil 
glands, and exude a heavy but not unpleas- 
ant odor. The rigid, rather slender branches 
bear numerous opposite twigs whose tips are 
closely clothed with narrow leaves about an 
inch long. The numerous small white flow- 

ers are quite noticeable in the early spring. 
It only has about two other wild cousins in 
California, one of which grows on the desert 
side of the mountains and may be seen at 
Mountain Springs. It is practically leafless 
and resembles "Spanish Broom" (Spartium 
junceum) in appearance, but not in texture, 
for the desert shrub has conditions to face 
that require a very hard surface and woody 
heart. It goes by the name Thamnosma mon- 
tanum, translated meaning "shrub of the 
mountains." Its cousin, mentioned above, 
Cneoridium comes from a Greek word mean- 
ing nettle and its specific name dumosum 
means bushy. Nettle doesn't apply very 
well, but bushy it is. 

That these two hard favored shrubs should 
be in the same family with our cultivated 
orange seems strange, indeed, but such is the 


If this talk has appeared to ramble all 
over and through our Elfin Woodlands please 
pgree that it is just such ramble over trail 
and off of it that gives the well known eye- 
sparkle to those who love and court nature's 
great out of doors. Let me explain with the 
words of Aileen Higgins: 

"Some people love four careful walls- 
And some love out-of-doors. 
When just a raindrop falls 

The indoor people watch behind a window 

They are so afraid of weather out-of-doors — 
These chimney corner folk, 
They like to walk on floors. 
The ground and grass do not feel right 
Beneath their house-taught feet, 
And when at times they venture out 
They think what people they will meet, 
And never see the wonder-world at all. 
It is not hard to tell 
The ones who love the out-of-doors. 
A joy they would not sell 
For any gold smiles in their eyes." 


Spring in cleft of the wayside steep, 
And saucily nodding, flughing deep, 

With her airy tropic bells aglow, — 
Bold and careless, yet wondrous light, 
And swung into poise on the stony height, 

Like a challenge flung to the world below! 
Skirting the rocks at the forest edge 
With a running flame from ledge to ledge, 
Or swating deeper in shadowy glooms, 
A smouldering fire in her dusky blooms; 
Bronzed and molded by wind and sun, 
Maddening, gladdening every one 
With a gypsy beauty full and fine, — 
A health to the crimson columbine! 

— Elaine Goodale. 

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By Walter Birch. 

This is a good deal more the season of tak- 
ing care of growing vegetables than adding 
extensively to the list. Although the nights 
are gradually growing longer, the evapora- 
tion at this time of year is very great, so that 
thorough irrigation and careful cultivation 
is the order of the day. By careful cultiva- 
tion, I mean using your judgment in the way 
you cultivate around deep rooting plants and 
shallow rooting plants, also plants just well 
started and plants in a thrifty state of 
growth. You can very easily do more harm 
than good in sacrificing small and much 
needed rootlets of vegetables, flowers and 
shrubs by want of care in cultivation. Sep- 
tember is a good month to get in a few po- 
tatoes to mature before Xmas, and strange 
to say, there are some good seed potatoes on 
the market at the present time, both White 
Rose and the Great Divide. The latter is 
very similar to the White Rose, is about a 
week later in maturing, but is a larger pro- 
ducer than the White Rose. It has been 
raised extensively in San Bernardino County, 
where it is highly valued and should do 
equally well here. 

Put in a few more hills of sweet corn and 
beans, Golden Bantam and Oregon Evergreen, 
and Canadian Wonder and Ventura Wonder 
W T ax are good varieties to try. 

The time is also good for setting out Dan- 
ish Ballhead Cabbage plants and sow some 
Dry Weather or Snowball Cauliflower seed 
for your winter and spring supply of cauli- 

Do not neglect the insect pests on your 
maturing vegetables. A thorough applica- 
tion now of such remedies as Black Leaf 40 
for aphis, Corona Dry Arsenate of Lead on 
leaf eating insects and Bordeaux Mixture for 
tomato rot, etc., may make the difference be- 
tween success and failure. 


They ain't no style about 'em, 

And they're sorto' pale and faded, 
Yit the doorway here, without 'em, ' 

Would be lonesomer, and shaded' 
With a good 'eal blacker shadder 

Than the morning-glories makes, 
And the sunshine would look sadder 

Fer their good old-fashion' sakes. 

— James Whitcomb Riley. 


By Mary Mathews. 

The August garden work that was done 
last month can be carried on through this 
month, that is keeping your borders free of 
weeds, the soil well stirred and plenty of 
water given, — a good spraying overhead late 
in the evening is especially fine for most 
things, — all faded flowers and seed pods re- 
moved. I once heard an eastern woman say 
her great objection to the San Diego Flora 
was that we did not clean our geraniums. 
Where you wish to save seed of some very 
choice plant or something that promises to 
be different and better than the type, the 
plant should be marked out and only the 
best flowers be allowed to form seeds. 

W T ith many perennials the only way to get 
an increase in stock is by slips or root divis- 
ion, as they rarely produce fertile seeds. 
Grasses and bamboos can be divided this 
month. Where clumps are well established 
a hand full of nitrate and copious waterings 
will be beneficial. 

Bougainvilleas can be pruned now, violet 
beds gone over, all weeds taken out and some 
good fertilizer given. 

Any plants that show indications of leaf 
spot should be taken out and burned. Pansy 
seeds can go in the flats — do not let them 
dry out during the germinating period, cov- 
ering with newspaper or an old gunny sack. 
Pansies should have thorough cultivation at 
all times, as they strongly object to weeds 
and packed soil. As soon as through bloom- 
ing take cuttings from, the Pelargoniums 
(Lady Washington Geraniums), — -also Mar- 

Many advise separating the Shasta daisy as 
soon as the full blooming period is past. 
Shastas for several seasons have been scarce 
in our gardens, but this year they are fine 
and abundant everywhere. I saw a fine bor- 
der of them last week out in Normal Heights, 
probably twenty-five feet long. Back of them 
was the golden Coreopsis Lanceolata, — and 
all through them was growing the so-called 
"Mexican parsley" — coriander, really. This 
the owner told me was an accident, as it 
came up in the bed, and liking its feathery 
green they left it — not knowing what it was. 
It served the purpose in blending the white 
and gold admirably. 

Another fine thing seen this week was a 
large clump of the Agapanthus Alba. The 

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blue grows freely but the white is rarely 
seen. These heads of bloom were large and 
well filled out, — very striking and decora- 
tive. Even at this season there are many 
unusual and beautiful things to be seen if 
the garden visitor will just make a round. 
Often they will be found in very unexpected 

Continue to plant seeds of perennials for 
next year's bloom,— stocks for winter bloom- 
ing. Cosmos can be put in at once for late 
fall blooming and will often fill a gap where 
there is a scarcity of flowers. 

Watsonias, Preesias, Alliums and Oxalis 
can all be lifted now, divided and put back. 
Little bulblets of any of these should be put 
in a reserve bed, — a very small space will 
hold hundreds of them, — and they can be 
much better cared for in this wa> 

Dahlias that are being grown for the show 
will require your very best efforts in the way 
of watering, disbudding, etc. — 'Chrysanthe- 
mums, that is the florist's type, seem to be 
ousted at present by the Dahlia and Zinnia. 
In Mission Cliff Gardens hundreds of both of 
these have been planted for fall blooming, 
but no "mums". And, if in the gardens, do 
take a look at the Cinerarias seeded under 
the palms, thousands of them, — and the ma- 
jority of the catalogs describe them as being- 
greenhouse annuals. 

The last of this month, put in winter sweet 
peas, Calendulas, Nasturtiums and poppies for 
winter flowers. 

Pall catalogs will be coming soon. Study 
them and decide what you want to add to 
your bulb garden and if your local florist 
does not carry them, send in your order 
early. A very feeble effort was made last 
year in the way of a bulb show, just a begin- 
ning — maybe ere long we can have a "really 
truly one". 

No change to be made in 
Orchid Quarantine 

The Federal Horticultural Board has decided 
that no modification of Quarantine No. 37, 
with regard to orchid importation, is war- 
ranted at this time. As a result of a general 
discussion of the orchid situation in connec- 
tion with the Detroit meeting of the Society 
of American Florists and Ornamental Horti- 
culturists in August, 1919, it was suggested 
by the chairman of the Federal Horticultural 
Board that if those interested in orchids in 
the United States, both as to the importers 
and as to orchid growers or propagators, 
would endeavor to harmonize their interests, 
which seemed to be more or less conflicting, 
and present the board with a program which 
these interests had agreed upon as most de- 
sirable and necessary for the development of 
orchid production in this country, the board 

would be very glad to consider their recom- 
mendations, and if such recommendations 
seemed to be reasonable and well founded to 
put them into operation so far as might be 
practicable. An effort was made on the part 
of these interests to meet this requirement, 
but without much success. It seemed, never- 
theless, desirable to give an opportunity for 
a full discussion of the subject, and, there- 
fore, a conference was held at the Department 
of Agriculture, February 10, 1920. 

This conference brought together the prin- 
cipal orchid importers and orchid growers 
of the United States, and the needs of this in- 
dustry from the production and other stand- 
points were fully discussed. 

As a basis for this discussion the principle 
which governed in the drafting and promul- 
gation of Quarantine No. 3 7 was pointed out 
by the board, namely, that inasmuch as any 
importation of plants carries some risk of 
bringing in new and probably dangdrous 
plant diseases and insects, such importations 
should be limited to those classes of nursery 
stock and other plants for propagation which 
are determined to be absolutely necessary to 
the horticultural, floricultural, and forestry 
needs of the United States, and that on this 
principle the question of orchid importations 
would have to be decided on the determina- 
tion of this factor of necessity. 

The discussion which followed developed 
the cleavage already indicated, nor were these 
two conflicting interests able to come to any 
agreement. The orchid producers contended 
that the restrictions on the importation of 
orchids under Quarantine No. 3 7 were neces- 
sary and desirable and were not hurtful in 
any way to the development of the orchid 
industry in this country, but, on the other 
hand, would be distinctly helpful to such de- 
velopment, and, further, that the needs of the 
country could be met by some production 
from existing stocks and by importations al- 
ready provided for in Quarantine No. 3 7 of 
the necessary propagating material not now 
available. On the other hand, the orchid im- 
porters, who have hitherto been bringing in 
wild orchids in considerable quantities from 
South America, the Philippines, or elsewhere, 
objected very strenuously to the restrictions 
on their business and the elimination of this 
source of profit and contended that such im- 
portations were necessary at the present time 
for the maintenance and development of or- 
chid production in America. No new and 
specific reasons for this contention, however, 
were advanced, and in the end there was a 
general agreement on the part of practically 
all of the persons who participated in the dis- 
cussion that the production of orchids from 
seed, either of species or by hybridization, 
was entirely feasible and practicable, the 

Continued on page 8 

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The regular monthly meeting of the Asso- 
ciation was held on July 2 0th at the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Naylor, on Oregon street. 

There seemed to be some difficulty on the 
part of some of our members to locate our 
host and hostess, but all who were persistent 
enough to continue the search for this rather 
unfamiliar street were more than repaid for 
their efforts. The Secretary, for one, wished 
she had the command of many more super- 
latives, in which to express herself, than her 
vocabulary contained. How any two humans 
can accomplish so much unless they elimin- 
ate slumber entirely is quite beyond her com- 

The meeting was called to order by Mr. 
Gorton, the president. 

The minutes of the meeting held at the 
residence of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest White, 
when lath houses were under discussion, 
were read and approved, and a short report 
of the annual meeting was given. 

Mrs. Snyder gave an account of the wild 
flower exhibit which was held at Wildwood 
Glen, near Descanso. Miss Griscom's place 
is very attractive. It is situated on the new 
highway about two miles this side of Des- 
canso. Her arrangement of about one hun- 
dred varieties was extremely artistic and each 
specimen was labeled. Those camping in the 
vicinity assisted Miss Griscom in collecting 
specimens. There were magazine articles and 
books on display which were at the disposal 
of all who cared to study the subject of our 
wild flowers. This annual exhibit is a splen- 
did idea and much interest was shown as 
many attended from San Diego as well as 
from the surrounding country. 

The home of Miss Griscom is unique and 
well worth inspection. She has built several 
small cottages for rent. She, herself, perches 
in a tree. She has her bed arranged among 
the branches, ascends by means of a ladder 
drawing this up after her so that she feels 
quite secluded and secure. 

Mr. Gorton made the announcement that a 
program committee would be appointed to ar- 
range for the subjects which will be dealt 
with during the coming year. 

A membership and social committee will 
also be formed to welcome new members. 

The subject of cacti and other succulents 
proved very interesting indeed. Many a 
plant was included in this list which we little 
dreamed of in our philosophy, such as the 
Sedums and Echeverias and Mesembryan- 
themums. It is a relief to know just where 
to place this latter family with its strange 
name which one is so proud of having mas- 
tered the first time it glibly falls from one's 

Miss Sessions gave a very instructive talk 

on cacti. I am sure no one present realized 
before how many varieties there are that may 
be grown for their beauty. Many of the 
Phyllocactus have no spines. The plants in 
themselves are pleasing even when not en- 
hanced by their pink, white or red blossoms. 
A fine specimen of this cactus was taken from 
the Naylor lath house to illustrate Miss Ses- 
sion's remarks. She had brought several 
specimens with her, — including a blossom of 
the Night Blooming Cereus, Spachianus. This 
blossom bestows its beauty upon the world 
only for a night. Those who have been fav- 
ored with the sight of a great number of these 
waxen blooms, glowing in the darkness or 
touched by the moonlight, will hold this as a 
treasured memory. The writer had the good 
fortune of seeing a hedge in flower in Hono- 
lulu and their delicious perfume penetrated 
the atmosphere for a long distance. As Miss 
Sessions will have an article later on in this 
magazine dealing with cacti, I will not en- 
croach further upon her subject. 

Mr. Blochman, who has recently been to 
Mexico, talked on the cacti growth which 
came under his observation. He touched on 
many varieties which he had seen, and spoke 
particularly of the Ocotilla or Pouquiereria 
splendens. This is perhaps the most notice- 
able growth on the Mojave desert. The stems 
are very tall, growing close at the base and 
branching outward. The blossoms appear at 
the tips and are of a feathery texture and of 
a brilliant red hue. The stems are covered 
with spines which makes it extremely un- 
pleasant for the motorist who may wish to 
pluck the alluring plumes. 

Mr. Blochman mentioned the commercial 
aspects of the cactus. The spines are used 
for Victor needles; there is a cleaning powder 
manufactured called "Saniclean", which is 
said to be superior to Bon Ami, as well as 
a cactus shampoo. The fibre of the cactus is 
used for the production of paper, and the 
juice may be made into a syrup which has 
the sweetness of honey. 

At the close of the meeting we repaired to 
the lath house and back yard. 

It is a joy to see such a profusion of 
growth as there is in this lath house. Each 
individual plant seems to attempt to outdo its 
neighbor in order to show its gratitude for 
the care bestowed upon it by its owners. A 
number of fine specimens of maidenhair fern 
should have special mention. 

Then there are unique features, such as a 
table at the root of a fig tree at which Mr. 
and Mrs. Naylor frequently breakfast. The 
leaves and fruit of this tree 
lath, and one wonders how 

The backyard contains 

grow above the 
the figs are se- 

all manner of 

Patronize the Garden Advertisers. 



things, such as strawberries, blackberries, six 
guava bushes, two orange trees, a lemon tree, 
an apricot, a pear, a loquat, and an avocado. 
I would advise anyone who is interested 
in intensive and successful gardening to make 
a visit to the Naylor's in order to see what 
wonders may be accomplished on a lot 5 by 
12 5 feet. 




Continued from page 6 
group of importers, however, still contend- 
ing that the importation of orchids should be 
continued pending adequate development of 
such home production. 

It appeared, therefore, that the only thing 
to be considered by the board was the time 
factor, and from the information presented it 
did not appeal to the board that this factor 
was of vital importance in view of the show- 
ing of large available stocks now in this coun- 
try, together with the progress which had al- 
ready been made in the growing of orchids 
from seed. It was believed that the future 
needs of the industry, therefore, could be met 
under existing conditions and under the pro- 
visions of Quarantine No. 3 7 for the importa- 
tion of any stocks necessary for the intro- 
duction of new varieties and for the supply- 
ing of propagating material not now avail- 
able in the United States. 

After a full consideration of all the repre- 
sentations made at the conference, the board 
has decided that no new or valid reasons had 
been brought forward to warrant any modi- 
fication at this time of Quarantine No. 37 
with respect to orchid importations. 

"Economy is near to the keystone of char- 
acter and success. A boy that is taught to 
save his money will rarely be a bad man or 
a failure. The man who saves will rise in 
his trade or profession steadily; this is in- 
evitable." — Gladstone. 

BUY W. S. S. 

''Aye, there's the rub," you think when 
you dream of Aladdin's slaves. Aladdin 
never had slaves half so powerful as the 
man who has savings. Begin today with 
War Savings Stamps, "always worth more 
than they cost you." 

BUY W. S. S. 

Every time you stick a War Savings Stamp 

on your card you are mailing money to 

yourself. When they mature you will know 

what "Getting money from home" feels like. 

BUY W. S. S. 


By Bronte A. Reynolds. 
Editor State Dept. of Agriculture. 
"Iram, indeed, is gone with all his rose- 



And many a garden by the water blows." 

Somewhere in some neglected corner of a 
California flower garden may be the des- 
cendent of a rose, whose ancestor lent per- 
fume of the court of Haroun Al Raschid. Like 
the almond and peach, the rose may have 
reached Spain from Arabia in the gardens of 
the Moors, and later coming into Mexico with 
the Conquistadors, found its journey's end in 
a Mission garden of Baja California. 

Early chroniclers used the expression, "The 
flower gardens were gay with roses", and tra- 
dition has it that the favorite was a fragrant 
variety which the Spanish called "the Castil- 
lian rose". As late as thirty years ago this 
rose could still be found in a few old gardens 
in the South of California. 

Among the many flowers which graced the 
early Mission and ranch gardens, we are told, 
were varieties of pinks, sweet-peas, holly- 
hocks, and nasturtiums, the latter brought 
from Mexico, and "white lilies", whose an- 
cestry seems to be in doubt. 

Today the old gardens, like the old ten- 
ants, have passed away. They and their say- 
ings are now only a memory. But if we close 
the eyes and listen, we may hear the silver 
note of a bell in the distance blend with the 
chant of the Mission Indians as their pack- 
laden animals pass on between the hills. And 
from some forgotten garden is wafted the 
perfume of a rose — can it be the old Castil- 
ian rose? 

And kindly night gently drapes the twilight 
robe and Alta and Baja California sleep the 
sleep with their brothers of the elder days. 
"Pull of sweet dreams 

And rest, 
And quiet breezes." 




Don't Be Worried- 

with ants. Phone us and we will be 
pleased to call and explain the Alderman 
System which has been so successfully 
used for four years. 

Care by season or month 



Office 3232 Third Street 
Phone Hillcrest 23 93. 





Patronize the Garden Advertisers. 




By G. R. Gorton. 

National flowers are like Topsy — they just 
come. Apparently it is not more possible for 
a nation to arbitrarily chose its floral em- 
blem, without the prestige of tradition and 
sentiment, than it is for some one to write 
a national anthem for the United States, that 
we will accept — and sing. The United States 
is too youthful, perhaps, to have established 
a national flower by tradition, and has in- 
stead, not one, but many floral emblems, one 
for each of thirty-eight of the states. At- 
tempts have been made from time to time to 
officially choose a national flower. As near 
as could be determined the Goldenrod seemed 
to be most favored. Probably we shall have 
to wait until some event of note attaches to 
some flower the proper sentimental value 
which shall endear it to us as no arbitrary 
enactment possibly could. 

China has lost, together with many other 
beautiful things of art ,a complete floral lan- 
guage which it once possessed. We cannot 
help hoping that isome one may discover 
some tablets or plates, or whatever they 
might be on, so that this language might be 
restored to the world. China, however, still 
retains the narcissus as its national emblem. 

The lotus, as the sacred flower of Egypt 
probably stands in the place of a national 
flower. It is, of course, used for ornamenta- 
tion of temple doors and walls — sometimes 
painted, sometimes carved thereon, and the 
Egyptian deity, Osiris, is usually portrayed 
crowned with this flower. 

The lotus is also the sacred flower of India, 
one of the many beautiful things of the re- 
ligion of the "poor, benighted Hindu" being 
the belief that it was in the bosom of this 
flower that Brahma was born. 

Japan has chosen the lotus as the symbol 
of purity, but uses the Chrysanthemum as a 
governmental symbol, except on the personal 
seals of the Mikado's family, where for some 
reason the Paulownia tree is used. 

Once the most conspicuous of nations, 
Greece, has for its emblem the most modest 
of flowers, the use of the violet dating from 
the time when Athens was termed "the city 
of the violet crown". 

The Iris (fleur-de-lis) became the flower of 
France when Louis VII chose it as his badge 
upon setting out on his crusade to the Holy 
Land. Unsuccessful attempts to change to 
some other emblems have been made — not- 
ably when Napoleon I became Emperor the 
bee became the French symbol, but was al- 
most as short lived as the bee itself and the 
lily was restored. After Napoleon was "in- 

terned" at Elba, the Bonapartists in France 
adopted the violet, signifying "to return in 
spring", but the Little Corporal didn't, and 
the violet failed to supersede the fleur-de-lis. 

An apparently trivial circumstance marked 
the adoption of the blue cornflower, the 
"Kaiserblume", as the German national 
flower. When Louise, the "queen mother" 
of William I was forced to take shelter in the 
outskirts of Berlin, while the army of Na- 
poleon occupied the city, to pacify her chil- 
dren, who were crying from cold and hunger, 
she gathered cornflowers from the fields and 
wove them into garlands. From that date 
henceforth this flower has been the Teutonic 

Even in days of internal ^dissension in 
England, there was one thing that both con- 
tending houses had in common, and that was 
the floral emblem. Though differing in color, 
the insignia of both York and Lancaster was 
the rose. When the wars ceased, and the 
houses were united — the rose — (the Tudor 
rose) was still the national emblem — with no 
color specified. 

After Moorish dominion was removed, 
Ferdinand and Isabella chose the pomegran- 
ite as the emblem of Spain. 

Scotland's choice of the thistle, we will re- 
call, harks back to the stormy times of 1010, 
— during the reign of Malcolm II, when Scot- 
land was invaded by the Danes, who having 
removed their shoes that they might steal 
upon their enemies unawares, approached the 
Scottish stronghold under cover of the night. 
Expecting, that as usual, the moat surround- 
ing the castle was filled with water, they 
plunged in to swim across, only to find that 
instead of water, the moat had been filled 
with thistles by the canny Scots, who were 
aroused by the cries of the unhappy Danes, 
The attaching party was vanquished, and the 
thistle forthwith found its place as the na- 
tional emblem. 

Probably the tradition surrounding the 
adoption of the Shamrock by Ireland is the 
best known of all; how the good St. Patrick 
was preaching the doctrine of the Trinity, and 
his congregation was a bit skeptical as to how 
there could be three Gods and yet one, until 
he plucked the shamrock (Trifolium repens 
var. minima,— but who wants to call it that) 
from those growing at his feet and showed 
the incredulous ones its three leaves as a 

Like all Welsh traditions, the one con- 
cerning the adoption of the leek is very old, 
dating back to St. David's day — March 1st, 

Patronize the Garden Advertisers. 



540 A. D., when the Welsh were to march 
against the English army and the Welsh sol- 
diers stuck leeks in their caps as a badge of 
identification. The victory was to the army 
of Wales, and so the leek became the emblem 
of the Welsh people. 



That the Americanization of the Easter 
lily is entirely practicable — a fact which even- 
tually may make florists wholly independent 
of foreign bulb growers — has been demon- 
strated by the work of the United States De- 
partment of Agriculture horticulturists at the 
department's experimental farm, Arlington, 
Va. Just now several hundred plants are 
coming into bloom. They have been grown 
from seed produced on the farm instead of 
from bulbs imported from Japan or Bermuda, 
as is the practice of American florists. At 
the present time approximately $250,000 is 
commercially expended each year importing 
Easter lily bulbs. 

Not only are the agricultural department's 
lily plants a thoroughly American product, 
but the manner of growing them brings them 
to flower in approximately 15 or 18 months, 
whereas, foreign grown bulbs usually tre- 
quire three years to produce. This shorten- 
ing of the growing period before flowering 
not only saves much time but also lessens op- 
portunity for the bulbs to become infected 
with disease, thereby materially reducing the 
risk of the grower. 

Some of the plants now in bloom at Arl- 
ington have grown from bulbs which had 
been discarded after they had flowered once, 
showing that the florist's practice of throwing 
away such bulbs is not always to be followed. 
Another feature of the experiments has been 
to grow some of the Easter lilies outdoors, 
whereas florists have commonly thought this 
an unsafe practice as far north as Washing- 
ton. It has been found that Easter lily bulbs 
will winterkill in the Gulf Coast States while 
surviving outdoors in the colder regions. The 
usual mildness of the extreme south produces 
top growth which is killed when a sudden 
drop in temperature occurs, whereas the 
normal cold further north keeps the bulbs 

Methods for Florist to Follows 

The Federal horticulturists point out that 
the florist may follow any one of four differ- 
ent programs in producing all-American East- 
er lilies. One of these is to begin by mak- 
ing pollinations at Easter. This will give 
ripe seed the following June, which, if plant- 
ed early in August, will produce plants ready 
for 2-inch pots in January and 4-inch pots 
in March or April. If these plants are well 
hangled they will show scattering flowers the 

following June. All the progeny, whether 
flowered or not, can be tried for four to six 
weeks during August and September. Then, 
during the winter months, 10 to 25 per cent 
of the most promising ones can be forced to 
bloom for the following Easter. 

The second method of procedure is to defer 
the planting of seed from August, the date 
indicated above, until about January 1. It 
will then germinate in about half the time. 
The seedlings will be ready for 2-inch pots 
in ]&arch, and as soon as the danger of frost 
is past they can be put in open ground six 
inches apart each way, in beds. With suit- 
able fertility and moisture scattering blos- 
soms will begin to appear in July and flow- 
ering will continue until frosts. Those which 
have not blossomed before frost can be potted 
from the field and their growth continued to 
flowering in pots. Those which have blos- 
somed in the field can be potted and forced 
the same way as imported bulbs. 

October Digging Possible 

The third way consists in digging up and 
drying all the seedlings early in October in- 
stead of letting them stand until frost, as in- 
dicated in the previous paragraph. After they 
are dry they can be planted outdoors again 
about November 1, with a good dressing of 
well-rotted manure after the ground freezes. 
These bulbs should remain in the ground un- 
til the following September and then be pot- 
ted up for winter forcing. The smallest of 
these and the stem bulblets should be held 
until November, when they should be planted 
outdoors again to continue the propagation. 

The fourth method recommended by Fed- 
eral horticulturists makes the grower inde- 
pendent of the greenhouse, the chief advan- 
tage being that it shortens the time of bring- 
ing the plants into bloom. The seed secured 
in the manner indicated above can be sown 
in a cold frame in the autumn, and then 
transplanted and spaced after it has made 
sufficient growth in the spring. Few if any 
of these plants will flower the first year. In 
the autumn they can be dug up and dried 
off, and then reset about November 1. A 
good percentage should be large enough to 
force after the second year's growth, and all 
of them after the third year's growth. The 
investigators are inclined to favor the second 
method of procedure indicated above. 

Before selling your Liberty bonds, consult 
your banker. 

"The Beauty which old Greece or Rome 
Sung, painted, wrought, lies here at home; 

We need but eye and ear 
In all our daily walks to trace 
The outlines of incarnate grace, 

The hymns of gods to hear." 

Patronize the Garden Advertisers. 




The need of a simple, practical method for 
disinfecting 1 small quantities of soil in which 
to grow healthy seedlings for home garden 
planting, now made more emphatic because of 
the great expansion of tomato and other club 
work, has prompted the Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry of the United States Department of Ag- 
riculture to obtain more accurate data on the 
effectiveness of hot water as a means of rid- 
ding soil of the root-knot nematode, and cer- 
tain parasitic fungi usually associated with 
root troubles. By means of a large number 
of tests it was found that an application of 
boiling water at the rate of 7 gallons per cu- 
bic foot of soil in shallow benches, practically 
eliminated the parasites. Applying this 
method to the needs of boys' and girls' garden 
club work, where the size of the seed-box or 
flat commonly used is 14 by 30 by 3 inches, 
4V 2 gallons of boiling water would be neces- 
sary to disinfect the soil in such a flat. 

In all cases a marked increase in the per- 
centage of germination and in the size and 
vigor of plants grown in the treated soil was 
observed. Substantially the same method of 
killing plant parasites in the soil has been 
used with some success in certain vegetable 
green houses; but the department's experi- 
ments serve to determine accurately the tem- 
peratures required and also the necessary 
quantities of hot water. The root-knot ne- 
matode can be eliminated from the soil con- 
tained in a 4-inch pot by submerging it for 5 
minutes in water brought to a temperature of 
2 08 degrees Fahrenheit. In 8-inch pots the 
organisms are killed by an application of boil- 
ing water at the rate of about 3 quarts to a 


A writer in the "Indianapolis News" de- 
scribes an interesting process by which it is 
said to be possible to restore fragrance in 
flowers. It is based on the theory that the 
perfume disappears as the starch content of 
petals is exhausted. The process consists of 
placing the flower in a solution of sugar, 
whereupon the formation of starch and the 
consequent emission of fragrance will be re- 


The development of methods for the manu- 
facture of cheaper and better chemical com- 
pounds to kill insects and fungi which destroy 
large quantities of fruits and vegetables each 
year is the object of experimental work re- 
cently undertaken by specialists in the insecti- 
cide and fungicide laboratory of the Bureau 
of Chemistry, United States Department of 

The high cost of copper, which is an essen- 

tial ingredient of the fungicide known as 
"Bordeaux mixture", has led to experiments 
to determine whether a Bordeaux mixture can 
not be prepared which will be more effective 
for each unit of copper present than as un- 
usually prepared, thus resulting in a saving of 
this expensive constituent of the Bordeaux 

Studies also will be made of the manufac- 
ture of Paris green, lead arsenate, and other 
compounds of arsenic. No systematic study 
of all the compounds of arsenic that might be 
useful in spraying has been made, and it if* 
thought probable that such a systematic 
study will lead either to the development of 
cheaper sprays, because the constituent ele- 
ments are cheaper, or to sprays that are more 
effective than the sprays now used. 

Nicotine as an insecticide will be studied 
with a view of developing possible substitutes 
for it, since there are a number of compounds 
which resemble nicotine in chemical and toxic 
properties. It is hoped to develop something 
that will be cheaper and even more effective 
than nicotine. A study will also be made of 
the best and cheapest methods of extracting 
nicotine from tobacco products on the farm. 
Compounds of lime, sulphur, and other com- 
pounds which may be used as insecticides and 

Couldn't Be 

T^OAST made on an Electric Toaster 
A right at the table as you want it 
has a warm deliciousness and crispy 
goodness that will be a new sensation 
to your palate Besides, making toast 
on an Electric Toaster is much quick- 
er, cleaner and easier than any other 


San Diego Consolidated Gas 
and Electric Company 

935 Sixth Street 

Home 411Q Sunset Main 64. 

H. M. Byllesby & Company 

Engineers-Managers , Chicago 

Patronize the Garden Advertisers. 



The California Garden 

G. R. Gorton, Editor 
Office, 945 Seventh St., San Diego, Cal. 


The San Diego Floral Association 

Main Office, Point Loma, California 


G. R. Gorton, President 

Mrs. Mary A. Greer, Vice-President 

Wm. P. Brothers, Treasurer 

Miss Leda Klauber, Secretary 

F. L. Hieatt, 

Miss Mary Mathews, Miss K. O. Sessions 

Entered as second-class matter December 8, 1910, at 
the Post office at Point Loma, California, under the Act 
of March 3. 1879. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San 
Diego Retail Merchants, Association. 

Subscription, $1.00 per year 


One Page $10.00 Half Page, $5.00 

Quarter Page 2.50 Eighth Page. 1.50 

Advertising Copy should be in by the 20th of each Month 

Elite Printing Co. 

,945 7th St., San Diego 

Floral Association Meetings 

The Floral Association meets regularly on 
the third Tuesday evening of each month at 
the homes mentioned below. 

All persons interested in gardening are wel- 
come at these meetings. 

August — Mrs. W. L. Frevert, 35 35 First 
street. Subject: "California Wild Flowers." 

fungicides will be investigated. 

Commercial methods of preparing insecti- 
cides and fungicides will be studied under 
practical conditions of preparation with a 
view of developing cheaper and more effective 
methods for manufacturing them. 

The efficiency of the insecticides devel- 
oped and the question of whether or not they 
are injurious to growing fruits and vegetables 
will be determined by field experiments con- 
ducted by the Bureaus of Entomology, Plant 
Industry, and Chemistry. 

A method for preparing a commercial grade 
of calcium arsenate has been worked out and 
a patent obtained for the process. The 
patent has been dedicated to the public, and 
any manufacturer may use it. The results of 
the iinvestigation and a description of the pro- 
cess for preparing calcium arsenate have been 
published in Department Bulletin 75 0, which 
may be obtained upon application to the Uni- 
ted States Department of Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 


Q. What causes the die back on my peach 

A. Probably a physiological condition, due 
to unfavorable climatic conditions in the 
spring. No remedy. 

Q. Would you advise pruning apricots 
now, rather than when dormant? 

A. Summer pruning of apricots is some- 
times resorted to in the hotter interior locali- 
ties, where the tree makes a very prolific 
vegetation growth, but probably in the coast 
regions it would be as well to prune at the 
time when other deciduous fruits are ordin- 
arily pruned. 

Q. W T here are Burbank's experimental 

A. Santa Rosa. Calif. 


Mr. W. H. Lawrence, 303 6 L, has cactus 
plants to exchange for other species. 

Mrs. Mary A. Greer, 2 9 72 First Street, has 
plants of the Chenille grass (Eulalia Sps.) to 
dispose of . 

-BUY W. S. S.- 

Earn all you can. Spend a little less, 
the money margin in W. S. S. 

BUY W. S. S. 




Cut Flowers 
Floral Designs 

Miss Rain ford 

1115 Fourth Si. 

Patronize the Garden Advertisers. 



J Commercial .'. Savings .'. Trust V 
\ Safe Deposit . \ Bond f 

Southern Trust & Commerce Bank 



T ? rD r ^ r i e e < 5^i C " St0merS that this comin g Season w e will carry 
a LAKUfc STOCK of Imported and Domestic Flowering Bulbs of 

the HIGHEST QUALITY, and ask them to see Our Stock and get 

our prices before placing their orders elsewhere. 

Harris Seed Company 

"The Seed Service Store " 90 9 Sixth Street, near E 

Wq* iEUtg Printing (totjrantt 

n i i i 

&att S«go, (Mtfornta 


W liTI f/A F , ERT ' LIZE R> a wizard in action, a giant in 

W lZdlu ?iS h v h qui £ kl y a ^ a ii able u' odor,ess and 

.: . . c ... la ^ n > The best and the cheapest fertilizer 

on the market. Sold in 2-lb. cartons and 25-lb. bags. For lawns 
flowers, trees, shrubs and vegetables. ' 

Choice Kentucky Blue Grass and White Clover Seed for Lawns 


M c - WA1D 522 Sixth St., San Diego T . A . Y0UNQ 

"For Success— Buy the Best" 

IF your Kodak pictures mean more to you than scraps 

of paper — 
IF they are records of happy occasions, comradeship and 

delights of nature — 
IF they are to you things of beauty and a joy forever— 

Then, by all means, have them finished in 


We cannot describe or explain it here, but some 
day you'll be grateful for this suggestion 

Kodak finishing done for the 
present and future — 


Harold ATaqlot 
' CompatuJ " 

1139 Sixth Street, San Diego 





The man who invented the lever and the screw declared 
he could land a whale on a horsehair if the hair was long 

You can land the prize of an assured, prosperous, finan- 
cial future on the strong, tested line of Government Securities, 
and War Savings stamps, if your line is long enough. 

Liberty Bonds and Government Savings Securities are as 
strong as the Nation itself. Hold and buy more.