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ID 

609 
C2C3 




MONTREAL'S 
ROLL OF 
HONOUR 




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7 







(Eall tn Arma 




Montreal's Roll of Honour 
European War, 1914 



Price One Dollar 

Net proceeds in Aid of Patriotic Fund 



Montreal 

SoutKam Press Limited 
1914 






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"THE CALL TO ARMS" is the work of a few Montreal 
citizens, who with the aid of many friends, took upon themselves 
to endeavor to produce a tangible record of the manifold and 
splendid ways in which Montrealers, military and civil, have 
served their Country and their Empire during the last five 
months of 1914. Their first object was to record these* facts; 
secondly, their desire was to serve the Montreal Patriotic Fund 
by turning over to its treasurer the proceeds of the publication, 
above the actual net cost of production and distribution. With 
gratitude for much invaluable assistance received from the 
many friends who contributed their time and advice gra- 
tuitously and especially among these are to be mentioned 
Mr. Bernard K. Sandwell, who directed the editorial work, 
Messrs. A. R. Doble, R. J. Younge, Lieut. -Col. John A. Gunn, 
J. M. (ribbon the publishers now commit their volume to 
the Citizens of Montreal. 



ERRATA 

The names given at the foot of page 112 are those of the 
Advisory Committee on finance and not those of the General 
Executive Committee of the Montreal Branch of the Patriotic 
Fund, of which Mr. Herbert B. Ames, M.P. is President and 
Lt.-Col. F. Minden Cole is Honorary Secretary. The same 
remarks apply to the photographs on page 114. 




lJfc 










p 



HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE V. 






FIELD MARSHAL H.R.H. THE DUKE OF CONNAUGHT 

Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of 
the Dominion of Canada. 






SIR ROBERT LAIRD BORDEN, G.C.M.G. 
Prime Minister of Canada. 






MAJOR-GENERAL HON. S. HUGHES, M.P. 
Minister of Militia. 





COLONEL SEPTIMUS J. A. DENISON, C.M.G. 

Adjutant-General, late Officer Commanding 4th Divisional Area, 
Montreal. 







(RUDYARD KIPLING) 




Artton 



'HE earth is full of anger, 

The seas are dark with wrath, 
The Nations in their harness 

Go up against our path; 
Ere yet we loose the legions 

Ere yet we draw the blade, 
Jehovah of the Thunders, 

Lord God of Battles, aid! 

High lust and froward bearing, 

Proud heart, rebellious brow 
Deaf ear and soul uncaring, 

We seek Thy mercy now! 
The sinner that forswore Thee, 

The fool that passed Thee by, 
Our times are known before Thee 

Lord, grant us strength to die! 

For those who kneel beside us 

At altars not Thine own, 
Who lack the lights that guide us, 

Lord, let their faith atone. 
If wrong we did to call them, 

By honour bound they came; 
Let not Thy wrath befall them, 

But deal to us the blame. 

From panic, pride, and terror, 

Revenge that knows no rein, 
Light haste and lawless error, 

Protect us yet again. 
Cloak Thou our undeserving, 

Make firm the shuddering breath, 
In silence and unswerving 

To taste Thy lesser death! 

Ah, Mary pierced with sorrow, 

Remember, reach and save 
The soul that comes to-morrow 

Before the God that gave! 
Since each was born of woman, 

For each at utter need 
True comrade and true foeman 

Madonna, intercede! 

E'en now their vanguard gathers, 

E'en now we face the fray 
As Thou didst help our fathers, 

Help Thou our host to-day! 
Fulfilled of signs and wonders, 

In life, in death made clear 
Jehovah of the Thunders, 

Lord God of Battles, hear! 



Headquarters Staff 

4th Divisional Area 
Headquarters Montreal, Que. 

OFFICER COMMANDING 
Wilson, Col. E. VV. (succeeded Col. S. J. A. Denison, Nov. 1914) 

GENERAL STAFF 
General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade Anderson, Major W. B., R.C.E. 

ATTACHED TO GENERAL STAFF 

Divisional Intelligence Officer Burns, Lt.-Col. G. E., C. of G. 

Divisional Signal Officer Germain, Capt. J. A. A., C.S.C. 

ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 

Asst. Adjt. General in Charge of Ad- 
ministration "("LeDuc, Major L., R.C.R. [L] 

Deputy Asst. Adjt. and Quartermaster 

General Pages, Colonel J. A. (L) 

TECHNICAL, DEPARTMENTAL AND CADET SERVICES (Attached to Administrative 

Staff) 

Commanding Royal Canadian Engineer. . Irwin, Lieut. R. H., R.C.E. 

Assistant Director of Supplies and Trans- 
port Stewart, Lieut.-Colonel W. J., C.A.S.C. 

Assistant Director of Medical Services Yates, Major H. B. 

Deputy Assistant Director of Medical 

Services Cameron, Lieut.-Colonel K., A.M.C. 

Senior Ordnance Officer Sullivan, Major W. F. C., C.O.C. 

Divisional Paymaster Mack, Major J. C. O., C.A.P.C. 

Principal Veterinary Officer Pich6, Lieut.-Colonel, M.A., C.A.V.C. 

Organizers and Inspectors of Cadet Corps . Archambeault, Capt. L. H., 65th 

Carabiniers 

Hill, Major S. H., 8th Regt. 

t Means previous active service. 



1st REGIMENT (GRENADIER GUARDS OF CANADA) 

(At outbreak of war] 

Unbrigaded 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organized G. O. 17 Nov., 59) 

(Re-organized 29 Dec., 11) 
Headquarters Montreal, P.Q. 
1st Battalion (8 Companies) 

LlEUT.-COLONEL 

Carson, J. Wallace 



Meighen, F. S. 



fCooper, J. 
Wells, F. M. 
Hanson, P. R. 
Rexford, I. P. 
Warminton, J. N. 



Mitchell, G. G. 
Angus, A. D. 
Griffith, R. M. 
Knubley, W. K. (Jr.) 
McGill, J. T. 
Alexander, M. 
Sumption, J. F. 
King, H. F. 
Reid, J. 

ADJUTANT 

Stairs, G. S., capt. 

SIGNALLING OFFICER 
Alexander, M., lieut. 



Nelson, W. E., capt. 

PAYMASTER 
Brown, \V. E., hon. major 



MAJORS (2) 

Dodds, W. O. H. 

CAPTAINS (8) 

Hudson, J. D. 
Stairs, G. S. 
Larken, F. B. D. 
Steacie, R. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 

Williamson, G. M. 
King, W. W. 
Terroux, R. de V. 
Brotherhood, W. C. 
Richardson, J. H. 
English, A. S. 
Holt, A. P. 
Carson, J. C. K. 
Griffith, E. J. 

INSTRUCTOR OF MUSKETRY 
Mitchell, G. G., lieut. 

QUARTERMASTER 
fFinlayson, J. A., hon. lieut.-col. 

MEDICAL OFFICER 

Gilday, A. L. C., capt. 

CHAPLAIN 

Evans, Very Rev. T. F. L., Dean\oj 
Montreal, hon. capt. 



t Means previous active service. 




1st Regiment 
Grenadier Guards of Canada 

The 1st Regiment, now known as The Grenadier Guards of 
Canada, traces its history through the 1st Regiment Prince of 
Wales Fusiliers to two regiments known respectively as the 1st 
Battalion Prince of Wales Regiment and the 6th Battalion 
Fusiliers. Of the latter regiments the 1st Prince of Wales Regiment 
is the older. Indeed, it can justly claim to be the oldest volunteer 
regiment in the British Empire. It was organized as a battalion 
from the Montreal Volunteer Militia Rifle Companies by G.O., 
17th November, 1859, under command of Lieut. -Col. Thomas 
Wiley, who had commanded the rifle companies from December 
llth, 1856, and since its organization many of the most familiar 
names in the history of Montreal may be found in the rolls of its 
officers, non-commissioned officers and men. 

On the occasion of the visit of His late Majesty King Edward 
VII to Montreal, as Prince of Wales, the First Regiment, which 
had made special preparations for their duties on that occasion, 
impressed His Royal Highness so favourably that by G.O., 7th 
September, 1860, it was intimated that the Prince of Wales had 
directed that the First Battalion of Rifles already organized in 
Montreal should be henceforth termed The First (or Prince of 
Wales) Regiment of Volunteer Rifles of the Canadian Militia. 

The 6th Fusiliers, the other regiment from which the Grenadier 
Guards traces its origin, was organized .by G.O., 31st January, 1862. 

Both regiments were on active service during the Fenian 
raids of 1866 and 1870, and were also on service from time to time 
in aid of the civil power. The First Regiment was next on the 
roster for duty at the time of the North-West Rebellion in 1885 
and was under arms for a month in camp and ready to proceed to 
the front, but its services were not required. 



12 THE CALL TO ARMS 

At the time of the South African War the First Regiment 
P.W.F. furnished one officer, Captain Albert Laurie, and a number 
of men to the First Contingent which went an active service. 

Among men prominent in the life of Montreal who have been 
connected in the past either with one regiment or the other, are the 
following : 

George Washington Stephens, who was C. H. Godfrey 

the first private enrolled in the Mont- Lieut.-Col. T. P. Butler 

real Rifle Rangers, August, 1855, in- -. Thoma " ^ a : t ' 

corporated in the First Battalion 

(Prince of Wales Regiment). Frank Scott 

Theodore Lyman G. T. Lighthall 

J. W. Haldimand R - A - Dunton 

Col. John Dyde, C.B., A.D.C. W. L. Bond 

Lieut.-Col. C. F. Hill Gordon Lewis 

J. W. Hanson F - s - Meighen 

Lieut.-Col. MacPherson Ma J or w - H - Laurie 

Lieut.-Col. William Middleton Lieut.-Col. John Hood 

Richard G. Starke R - B - Hutchison 

Francis W. Campbell, M.D. Major T. F. Dobbin 

Lieut.-Col. Frank Bond Lieut.-Col. Martin 

Major John Rogers Lieut.-Col. Gardner 

R. L. Gault Lieut. -Col. J. H. Burland 

Alderman Farrell Lieut.-Col. Fred. Massey 

Richard Thomas Lieut.-Col. J. B. MacLean 

Sir T. G. Roddick, M.D. Major David Seath 

E. Kirke Greene Major V. E. Mitchell, K.C. 

In the year 1898 the 1st Battalion Prince of Wales Regiment 
and the 6th Battalion Fusiliers were amalgamated into one regi- 
ment of the Active Militia of Canada as the 1st Battalion Prince 
of Wales Regiment Fusiliers. The union of the two regiments 
resulted in a very strong corps. The first commanding officer of 
the 1st Regiment Prince of Wales Fusiliers was Lieut.-Col. J. P. 
Cooke. Under him the regiment flourished and was both strong 
in numbers and efficient in its work. At the conclusion of Lieut.- 
Col. Cooke's tenure of command Lieut.-Col. Finlayson assumed 
command of the Regiment, and was in turn succeeded by Lieut.- 
Col. Evans. 

Towards the year 1908 the Regiment began to lose the services 
of some of its officers and, owing to general lack of interest in the 
Militia throughout the country and for various reasons, the list of 
officers became very much depleted, and the Regiment began to 
suffer in numbers and efficiency. Efforts were made to strengthen 



GRENADIER GUARDS 13 

the list of officers, but finally the attempt was given up and it was 
decided that if the Regiment were to be placed on its feet again 
other means would have to be taken. Then it was that Col. J. W. 
Carson w T as approached by a number of gentlemen deeply interested 
in the Regiment and asked if he would undertake its reorganization. 
This, Colonel Carson, agreed to do, provided that he was given a free 
hancj in the selection of his officers and particularly that he could 
secure the services of Lieut. -Col. F. S. Meighen and Major W. O. 
H. Dodds. These officers had served with Colonel Carson in the 
5th Regiment Royal Highlanders of Canada, and all three are well 
known in Montreal, indeed, throughout Canada, as men of first 
rate ability and as most efficient and successful officers of the Active 
Militia. Two other conditions were made: one that the Regiment 
should be re-named and made a Regiment of Foot Guards, while 
at the same time preserving its identity as the First Regiment of 
the Active Militia of Canada; and the other that it should be 
provided with an Armoury of its own. In due course His Majesty's 
authority was obtained for the use of the name Grenadier Guards 
of Canada and in the meantime the reorganization was proceeded 
with, Col. Carson being, by G.O. 18, January 23rd, 1912, appointed 
to command the 1st Regiment P.W.F. on reorganization to date 
from 29th December, 1911, and the Regiment being given its new 
name by G.O. 74, 1912. 

Steps were immediately taken to obtain officers, and Colonel 
Carson found no lack of satisfactory candidates. The building of 
an Armoury for the Regiment was also at once taken in hand. The 
Prince of Wales Regiment Fusiliers had for many years been col- 
lecting a fund to provide the Regiment with an Armoury and the 
Prince of Wales Regiment Armoury Association owned a suitable 
lot of land at the corner of Esplanade Avenue and Rachel Street. 
The site thus provided was conveyed to the Government which in 
return undertook to construct and maintain an Armoury for the 
Regiment. 

During the first few months after the re-organization of the 
Regiment was approved Colonel Carson's efforts were directed 
chiefly to obtaining uniforms for the men and in organizing his 
officers and senior non-commissioned officers. It was not until 
September, 1912, that recruiting for the rank and file was actively 
commenced. The Regiment then occupied quarters in the Drill 
Hall, on Craig Street, which were cramped and inconvenient, and 
the desire of everyone was to have the new Armoury completed 



I 4 THE CALL TO ARMS 

and to go into occupation of it. That, however, did not occur 
till April, 1914, when the Regiment took possession of the build- 
ing, though it was not completely finished till several months later. 

In the meantime the Regiment went to camp at Three Rivers, 
under command of Major Dodds, in June, 1913, and under Lieut. - 
Col. Meighen to camp at Petawawa, in June, 1914. When it 
returned from Petawawa the organization of the Regiment was 
almost complete. The ranks were still not quite full but they were 
almost so and full dress uniforms were practically ready for issue 
to the men. 

The standard for admission of recruits, which was maintained 
from the date of the re-organization, was very high and was strictly 
adhered to. Besides requirements as to height, chest measurement 
and so on, every candidate passed a severe medical examination. 
One result of the extreme care which was taken in selecting recruits 
was that the ranks were filled somewhat slowly. On the other hand 
the benefit was seen when non-commissioned officers and men of 
the Regiment were examined upon enlisting for the First Contin- 
gent in August, 1914. Out of the men who were on the strength of 
the Regiment when enlisting commenced and who volunteered for 
overseas service, about five per cent, were rejected by the medical 
officer. On the other hand, out of the men who volunteered at the 
Grenadier Guards Armoury, having had no previous connection 
with the Regiment, the percentage of rejections was more like fifty. 

At the outbreak of the war the Regiment, as has been said, 
was just about ready to go before the public as a complete unit 
provided with full dress and efficient in every detail. As a matter 
of fact, plans were being made for an inspection in review order 
early in the autumn. Since the outbreak of the war the energies 
of officers and men have been directed towards enlisting volunteers 
for the First and Second Contingents of the Canadian Overseas 
Expeditionary Force. Incidentally, the Regiment has had to main- 
tain on duty for the protection of public works, stores, prisoners 
of war, etc., about one hundred and twenty men. What with men 
who enlisted for overseas service and who are engaged in protection 
duties the ranks of the Regiment remaining on a peace footing were 
considerably weakened. The gaps, however, are being rapidly filled 
up and the disorganization caused by the loss of non-commissioned 
officers and men is being remedied. As far as officers are concerned 
the Regiment furnished to the First Contingent fifteen officers. 
To the Second Contingent the Regiment has already furnished six. 



GRENADIER GUARDS 15 

four of whom were on the regimental list when war broke out 
and two had joined to fill places left vacant by officers going in the 
First Contingent. In addition to filling up the ranks of the Regi- 
ment it has been necessary to fill the places of officers who have 
gone on active service. No difficulty whatever has been experienced 
in this regard. 



Meighen, F. S. 



Hanson, P. R. 
Warminton, J. N. 



Knubley, W. K. 
Williamson, G. M. 
Terroux, R. de V. 
Brotherhood, W. C. 



OFFICERS IN FIRST CONTINGENT 

LlEUT.-COLS. 

Dodds, W. O. H. 

CAPTAINS 

Steacie, R. 
Larken, F. D. B. 

LIEUTENANTS 

English, A. S. 
Holt, A. P. 
Smith, H. H. 



N.C.O's AND MEN IN FIRST CONTINGENT 



Duncan, H., Q.M.S. 

Lea, Tyrdall J., Transport-Sergt. 

Burgess, W. G. E., Col. Sergt. 

Donaghy, W., Col. Sergt. 

Rooke, J. A., Col. Sergt. 

Salmon, H., O. R. Sergt. 

Tod, G., Color Sergt. 

Bach, R. C., P. Sergt. 

Bethel, C. E., Sergt. 

Bonshor, W. A., Sergt. 

Evans, Wm., Sergt. 

Edwards, W. H., Sergt. 

Hawkins, A. E., Sergt. 

Ivimey, Jas., Sergt. 

Lang, Daniel G., Sergt. 

Moore, T., Sergt. 

Oram, W. P., Sergt. 



Allen, J. 
Anderson, G. 
Amyott, D. 
Alexander, W. 
Allen, J. A. 
Anderson, C. J. 
Allcorn, B. F. 
Baltrap, Arthur H., 

Signaller 
Baker, C. 
Bennett, R. W. 
Bolton, P. 
Bowers, J. W. 
Bowman, C. 
Brennand, W. H. 



Volkert, C.,. Sergt. 
Wallis, W., Sergt. 
Warrall, Richard, Sergt. 
Bailey, R. C., Corporal 
Barraclough, T., Corporal 
Flood, A. H., Corporal 
Green, J. W., Corporal 
Keenan, W. J., Corporal 
Leslie, Jack, Corporal 
Lunn, A. E., Corporal 
Randall, A. S., Corporal 
Tucker, E., Corporal 
Urquhart, D., Corporal 
Whiteman, H. H., Corporal 
Weaver, J. R., Corporal 
Bithell, J. C., Corporal 



Burns, H. 
Bellingham, H. 
Betts, Reginald E. 
Blackett, Wm. C. 
Bolwell, Albert E. 
Boyle, Ed. D. 
Brown, Hoi. H. 
Bagnall, F. W. 
Butcher, H. C. 
Bolton, Jos. 
Berry, Hy. 
Boucher, J. 
Bowman, I. 
Brunt, S. E. 
Brunt, H. 



Bullick, A. 
Bremner, F. E. A. 
Barker, Wm. 
Belford, J. G. 
Burns, F. W. 
Boon, S. 
Coldwell, W. 
Crack, W. C. 
Carpenter, W. H. 
Chapman, F. 
Clans, F. 
Clark, A. 
Campbell, D. C. 
Connor, Walter D. 
Conroy, Michael 



16 



. THE CALL TO ARMS 



Cummings, Alfred 
Crowther, Ronald 
Coughlin, Wm. 
Cleaver, Chas. 
Cahill, J. H. 
Chadwick, E. 
Chambers, P. 
Coleman, F. H. 
Connors, W. P. 
Coombs, E. J. 
Corrick, W. 
Cunningham, F. W. T. 
Campbell, S. D. 
Crosier, S. 
Cowen, E. 
Dewar, J. K. 
Drew, N. R. 
Duncan, J. B. 
Davey, Sidney S. 
Delaney, Harold 
Debate, Dave F. 
Dunn, Jas. S. 
Dooley, Harry 
Dwyer, John 
Demme, L. 
Davidson, J. L. 
Dodds, A. 
Drake, R. H. 
Ette, H. 
Endersby, E. A. 
Elderkin, V. C. 
Evans, Ellis 
Evans, Wm. E. H. 
Edwards, W. H. 
Elliott, S. H. 
Enright, G. 
Field, J. 
Finn, H. 
Fournival, E. 
Forsyth, R. 
Finder, C. 
Farquhar, Robt. 
Fletcher, Albert 
Fowler, Alfred 
Forster, Jos. P. 
Fry, Wm. Hy. 
Fraser, Frank W. 
Fisher, Hy. R. 
Few, J. R. 
Flanagan, T. 
Farnworth, P. 
Fearon, E. 
Flynn, A. 
Fryalt, W. 
Findlay, R. W. 
Findlay, H. 
Gowan, M. A. 
Galbraith, N. 
Cocking, S. P. 
Guthrie, F. 
Gray, A. 
Grey, G. 



Goodfellow, A. S. 
Gould, M. 
Gyde, H. L. 
Griffith, Thos. 
Grandy, Phillip 
Gleave, G. 
Glendenning, W. J. 
Goodman, B. 
Gould, W. G. 
Gar, H. 
Hack, W. J. 
Haines, G. W. 
Haines, H. N. 
Hardacre, H. 
Hayes, J. W. 
Hartley, W. H. V. 
Hodgson, Thos. 
Heighes, Wilfred 
Harvey, Frederick 
Harmer, Chas. W. 
Hawkins, Reg. 
Hampson, E. C. 
Higginson, F. 
Higginson, H. S. 
Hunt, Chas. E. 
Harrison, F. A. 
Harrison, R. B. 
Hann, W. E. 
Hughes, Wm. 
Hallet, P. F. 
Hossack, J. 
Hanley, E. 
Hay wood, J. 
Hotu, J. 
Howie, J. J. 
Herrock, A. E. 
Holleley, W. A. 
Ince, W. H. 

ones, J. 

ones, L. V. 

ohnston, Alex. 

ones, Gorden 

ones, Arthur 

ohnston, J. 

ennings, A. 

ohnston, L. W. 

ubinville, E. 
Kenyon, G. 
Kalabza, W. 
Kirby, R. 
Knight, P. J. 
Kidd, John 
Kilts, Thomas 
Kirtland, Allan F. 
Kearney, John H. 
Kelly, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. 
Kilts, Hy. 
Lewis, W. G. C. 
Labelle, J. 
Lotham, W. 
Logan, C. 



Lennard, F. 
Leighton, Douglas 
Lawrence, Thos. 
Lawton, Eustace' A. 
Lockelts, Levi 
Lock, Leonard 
Lawrie, David 
Lennan, C. R. 
Loup, A. 
Lane, Chas. F. 
Little, P. 
Lucas, W. J. 
Lomas, H. 
Lomax, C. 
Lindsay, F. 
Lambourne, W. 
Lane, E. 
Lee, M. M. 
Matheson, M. 
Matheson, K. 
Maxim, W. 
Mornan, R. 
Morley, H. 
McCann, W. 
McLellan, G. 
Mann, S. 
McCully, C. C. 
Murray, A. 
McKay, A. 
McAtamany, A. 
Mercer, G. H. 
McCarthy, R. 
Middlemore, F. J. 
Martin, B. E. 
Meulman, J. 
Millan, J. 
Molt, Chas. 
Morgan, Ed. F. 
Morgan, F. M. 
May, James 
McGurk, Jas. P. 
McDonald, W.'B. 
Miller, E. 
Mack, H. J. 
MacNaughton/.P. 
Madden, A. 
Matthew, R. 
Mattingby, W. 
Manghan, C. H. 
Mangan, C. E. 
McCoy, J. H. 
McRae, J. 
Morgan, J. 
Mitchell, F. E. 
Montague, M. 
Marshall, C. A. 
McCaffery, Wm. 
McLaughlin, R. L., 

Bugler 

Nicholls, C. J. 
Norton, A. 
Nishmas, M. 



GRENADIER GUARDS 



Norman, W. 
Outerson, G. G. 
Officer, W. 
Oakes, E. 
Osgood, W. 
O'Shaughnessy, T. 
O'Sullivan, J. 
Ormerood, H. E. 
Patch, C. N. 
Phillip, A. 
Poulton, A. J. 
Pulling, W. 
Palin, F. J. 
Perkins, Chas. 
Pitchall, W. K. 
Plow, A. 
Parker, A. 
Penman, M. 
Quick, H. E. 
Riggs, J. H. 
Riley, C. S. 
Rosenthall, S. 
Russell, C. 
Ridd, W. J. 
Rees, E. 
Roberts, Jas. 
Rodgers, Geo. 
Rogers, Albert 
Rexford, V. 
Ralph, F. 
Robertson, I. 
Rait, J. M. 
Russon, J. 
Robinson, H. P. 



Rowe, E. 
Roberts, G. 
Skanes, W. 
Scott, A. E. 
Sheriff, R. 
Syder, G. G. 
Shill, H. E. 
Sambell, T. G. 
Sprague, R. S. 
Snow, A. R. 
Stewart, G. 
Stokes, W. J. 
Swindley, D. 
Smith, H. 
Smith, G. E. 
Saunders, F. 
Sanchez, Wm. 
Sharkie, F. W. 
Sinclair, Wm. 
Silke, J. H. 
Shergold, Frederic 
Smithe, Wm. A. H. 
Smith, Ernest S. 
Stanton, Jas. R. 
Stevenson, Hollis S. 
Schultz, Chas. F. 
Scott-Protector, R. 
Salmon, W. C. 
Simpson, G. 
Sinclair, R. 
Soady, G. P. 
Smith, H. 
Spencer, W. W. 
Sparrow, W. F. 



Stelfox, J. C., Signaller 
Swift, G., Signaller 
Thomson, G. 
Tilt, F. G. 
Thomas, J. R. 
Tutt, F. H. 
Thompson, E. 
Tivey, Wallace 
Trapnell, D. 
Turner, Wm. 
Tollerton, L. 
Up wood, W. 
Underwood, J. W., 

Bugler 
Vaughan, R. 
Vosburg, E. 
Wallis, A. 
Woodhouse, W. E. 
Wright, H. 
Wylie, W. 
Welsh, J. 
Waller, R. S. 
Wallis, Alex. 
Wakefield, W. 
Will, David 
Winter, John J. 
Williams, N. 
Wallis, Albert 
Wells, A. 
Werdrick, C. 
Wingard, W. S. 
Yaxley, E. C. 
Yates, J. L. 



3rd REGIMENT VICTORIA RIFLES OF CANADA 

(At outbreak of war) 

"ECCLES HILL" 

12th Infantry Brigade 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organized G. O. 10 Jan., 62) 

Headquarters; Montreal, Que. 

1st Battalion (8 Companies) 

LlEUT.-COL 

* Burland, W. W. 

MAJORS (2) 
Gascoigne, F. A. de L. Gunn, J. A. 

CAPTAINS (8) 

*tShaw, A. C. Winans, B. G. 

*McCombe, G. Harwood, F. A. 

O'Donahoe, J. V. "Curry, V. G. 

McRobie, F. M. Weak, H. J. 

Bown, F. T. Kane, R. A. C. 



LIEUTENANTS (16) 

Edgar, J. H. *Whitehead, E E. A. 

McAvity, A. G. *O'Brien-Twohig, M. J. 

* Adams, W. D. * Draper, W. H. 

Shaughnessy, A. T. *McCuaig, K. L. 

Taylor, W. B. McMurtry, E. O. 

*Grant, S. Robertson, A. R. 

McBean, A. Ritchie, F. 

*Porteous, C. F. C. *Price, C. B. 

ADJUTANT SIGNALLING OFFICER 

Evans, W. B., capt. Furlong, G. F., capt. 

QUARTERMASTER MEDICAL OFFICERS 

Hough, J. H., hon. capt. Yates, H. B., maj. 

Pavey H. L. 

PAYMASTER 

fRodden, W., lion. maj. 

CHAPLAINS 

Farthing, Rt. Rev. J. C., M.A., D.D., Shatford, Rev. A. P. hon. capt. 
Lord Bishop of Montreal, hon. major 



CORPS RESERVE 2nd Battalion 

MAJORS (2) 
Stewart, C. 

CAPTAINS (8) 

Hagar, W. C. Hiam, G. C. H. 

Davidson, E. A. Stikeman, H. F. C. 

Ogilvie, X. C. Rodden, W. T. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 

Cameron, J. A. Tresidder, T. A. 

Cook, W. A. Pope, M. 



* Officers enlisted in First Contingent and now in England or at the front, 
t Means service in South Africa. 




3rd Regiment 
Victoria Rifles of Canada 

The Victoria Rifles Company was formed on September 
20, 1861, from the members of the Beaver Lacrosse Club, with 
Lieut. W. Osborne Smith as its captain. 

On December 13, 1861, the number was increased to 300, 
and the organization was named the Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 
and formed into a battalion of six companies. In April, 1903, 
the establishment was increased to eight companies, 402 in all 
ranks, and in 1912 further increased to 547, which is its present 
establishment on a peace footing. 

On December 17, 1861, the Regiment was organized and 
its first by-laws adopted. The first parade of the Regiment was 
held on the Champ de Mars, on December 19, the battalion 
being drilled by and under the command of the late L'eut.-Col. 
W. Osborne Smith. During the winter of 1861-62, the Regiment 
paraded three afternoons and three evenings each week on the 
Champ de Mars and in Bonsecours Market. 

On June 10, 1862, the Regiment was formally enrolled as 
part of the Canadian Militia and placed under the command of 
Lieut. -Col. W. Osborne Smith, and this was confirmed by General 
Order issued by Militia Headquarters on June 18 of that year. 
Lieut.-Col. W. Osborne Smith died in Wales in 1887. On August 
15, 1879, the name of the Regiment was changed from Victoria 
Volunteer Rifles to the "3rd Regiment Victoria Rifles of Canada," 
which designation it bears at the present time. 

On August 30, 1862, the Regiment paraded on the old Mont- 
real Cricket Grounds, where it was presented with colours by the 
Ladies of Montreal. These colours are now hung in the Church 
of St. James the Apostle, where they were deposited on November 
17, 1901, after it had been decreed that Rifle Regiments should 
no longer carry colours with them. 



20 THE CALL TO ARMS 

| 

On December 25, 1864, a company of the Victoria Volunteer 
Rifles, under Captain McGraw, went to Windsor, Ont., to help 
repel a threatened invasion by the Fenians. 

On March 10, 1866, the entire Regiment paraded with the 
other units of the Montreal Brigade of Militia, which at that 
time turned out 2,500 strong, owing to rumors of an advance of 
the Fenians on Montreal. On March 15, a company of the 
Regiment, under Captain McDougall, left for Lachine, where 
they remained on duty till April 3, the other five companies 
doing their tour of duty at the Armoury, which was then situated 
on Victoria Square. On April 12, a company of the Regiment 
was sent to Cornwall, the balance of the Regiment again doing 
guard duty in the city. On June 1 and 2, the entire Regiment 
left for Hemmingford and Huntingdon, Que., on account of a 
massing of the Fenians at St. Albans, and remained on duty 
until June 18. On May 24, 1870, on the occasion of the second 
Fenian Raid, a special service company from the Regiment, under 
Captain J. W. Crawford, Lieut. E. B. Greenshields, and Ensign 
J. K. Oswald, were ordered to the front for immediate service. 
The following day the remaining five companies, under the com- 
mand of Major E. A. Whitehead, were ordered to the front and 
embarked at Point St. Charles for St. Armand, Que. On the 
Fenians attacking the forces at Eccles Hill, the Victoria Rifles 
were ordered to that point and took part in the repulse of the 
Fenians. For their part in this engagement Her Majesty was 
pleased to grant the Regiment the honor of having the words 
"Eccles Hill" stamped on their helmet plates and on their colours. 
The Regiment returned home on May 31. 

The Regiment has also been called out for duty on various 
occasions, amongst which may be mentioned November 6, 1875, 
when it formed a guard during the Guibord Riots, and subse- 
quently marched to the cemetery when the burial of Guibord 
took place. On July 12 and 16, 1877, they were again on duty 
to quell a threatened disturbance in connection with the Orange 
Procession. On June 12, 1878, they again paraded and were 
ordered to Quebec to assist in quelling the Ship Laborers' riots, 
returning to Montreal on June 15. On July 12, the same year, 
they were again called out in connection with Orange Procession 
disturbances. 

On March 28, 1885, the Regiment was "next for duty" for 
service in the North-West Rebellion, and was ordered to hold 



VICTORIA RIFLES 21 

itself in readiness to proceed to the front. The rebellion was over 
before they had an opportunity to take part in it, although re- 
cruited up to war strength. 

On October 3, the same year, it was again on duty at the 
temporary Mount Royal Hospital grounds (the old Exhibition 
Building) in aid of the civil power. This was during the Smallpox 
Riots. While on duty, one of the men of the Regiment, Private 
J. H. Samuels of No. 3 Company, was shot and killed through the 
accidental discharge of a rifle in the hands of one of the men on 
guard duty. A monument to his memory was erected on October 
9, 1890, and now stands in Mount Royal Cemetery. 

In 1886, it was decided that the Reg ment w^ould build an 
Armoury, as they were then using the Fraser Institute Hall, which 
was not at all suitable for the purpose; and, through the generosity 
of Officers, N.C. Officers and men at that time in the Regiment 
and their many friends in the City of Montreal, their wishes were 
realized. Ground on Cathcart Street, near the corner of Univer- 
sity Street, where the Armoury now stands, was purchased, and 
on December 4, 1886, the corner stone was laid by Sir A. P. Caron, 
K.C.M.G., Minister of Militia, Lieut. -Col. J. W. Crawford being 
then in command. The Armoury was formally opened on June 
21 of the following year. This Armoury was built without ob- 
taining any assistance whatever from the Government, and is 
owned entirely by the Victoria Rifles Association, composed of 
members, ex-members, and the original contributors to the 
building fund. 

In October 1899, on the breaking out of the South African 
War, 67 members of the Regiment volunteered for active service 
abroad and served in various contingents, distinguishing them- 
selves particularly at the battle of Paardeburg, on February 18, 
1900, and at Hart's River, on March 31, 1902. Private H. S. 
Mitchell of No. 3 Company, after the war, was offered a com- 
mission in the British Army, and was appointed 2nd Lieutenant 
in the Middlesex Regiment. In this war, the Regiment was 
fortunate in losing only 5 of its members, Privates Harry Cotton, 
G. H. Bolt, C. H. Barry, A. R. Kingsley, and G. S. Racey, in 
memory of whom a brass tablet was erected in the -Church of St. 
James the Apostle. In the fall of 1902, the Regiment was again 
on duty at Valleyfield in connection with the strike of the cotton 
mill hands, and remained for ten days. The last duty of this kind 
was n connection with the Longshoremen's Strike, at Montreal, 



22 Tfi[E CALL TO ARMS 

in April 1903, when the Regiment was quartered on the wharf 
guarding the sheds and property of the H. & A. Allan Steamship 
Company. 

The Regiment has always taken a great interest in rifle 
shooting, and has been well represented at all Prov ncial and 
Dominion meetings, and has had representatives at many of the 
National R'fle Association Matches at Bisley, amongst wh'ch 
occasions may be mentioned the year 1906 when it was repre- 
sented by Sergt. J. Drysdale, with Lieut. -Col. E. W. Wilson in 
command of the Bisley Team; 1907, represented by Captain Pope; 
1908, by Private Eastcott; 1909, by Corp. G. Copping; and 1913, 
by Pr'.vate J. Boa. In 911, Major W. W. Burland was Adjutant 
of the Bisley Team. 

Following are the names of the various Lieut. -Colonels com- 
manding the Regiment since its organization up to the present 
time, with dates on which they took command: 

William Osborne Smith Jan. 31, 1862 

Augustus Reward June 15, 1866 

Hartland S. MacDougall Nov. 16, 1866 

William Henry Button Nov. 22, 1867 

Angus R. Bethune July 19, 1870 

Nathaniel J. Handyside Aug. 24, 1873 

Edward Ashworth Whitehead June 6, 1876 

John Molson Crawford Oct. 3, 1884 

Charles Peers Davidson April 7, 1887 

Fred. Clarence Henshaw July 15, 1887 

George Ritchie Starke June 10, 1892 

Edwin Botsford Busteed Sept. 10, 1897 

George Arthur Sicotte Hamilton July 23, 1900 

Erastus Winans Wilson Sept. 25, 1903 

Robert Starke June 5, 1907 

Frank William Fisher Sept. 7, 1~909 

W. Watt Burland Dec. 9, 1912 

Fred. A. de L. Gascoigne Dec. 8, 1914 

To these should be added : 

Hon. Colonel The Right Hon. D. A. Lord Strathcona and 
Mount Royal, G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., gazetted 10 January, 1898; 
and Hon. Lieut. -Col., Colonel E. A. Whitehead, gazetted January 
30, 1912, both of whom have % since died, the former in January 
1914 and the latter September 7, 1912. 



VICTORIA RIFLES 



OFFICERS IN FIRST CONTINGENT 



Lieut.-Colonel W. W. Burland 
Captain A. C. Shaw 
Captain Gault McCombe 
Captain V. G. Curry 
Lieut. W. D. Adams 
Lieut. S. Grant 



Lieut. C. F. C. Porteous 
Lieut. E. A. Whitehead 
Lieut. M. J. O'Brien-Twohig 
Lieut. W. H. Draper 
Lieut. K. L. McCuaig 
Lieut. C. B. Price 



Also Lieut.-Col. G. A. S. Hamilton, ex-Commanding Officer, transferred 
from Reserve of Officers. 



N.C.O's. AND MEN IN FIRST CONTINGENT 



Armstrong, Harold, Staff Sergt. 
Smith, William W. C., Staff Sergt. 
Handcock, Arthur, Color Sergt. 
McMahon, Benjamin F., Color Sergt. 
Sharp, Wylie, Color Sergt. 
Boothby, J. N., Sergt. 
Common, W. C., Sergt. 
Gregson, James H., Sergt. 
Howe, John, Sergt. 



Rankin, Richard W., Sergt. 
Armstrong, George, Corp. 
Arundell, G. D. H., Corp. 
Barnett, S. G.. Corp. 
Daragon, Hubert, Corp. 
iMyles, T. J. E. B., Corp. 
Neilson, Frank K., Corp. 
Sullivan, Christopher H., Corp. 



Adams, R. T. 
Allan, Geo. 
Armstrong, Ed. G. 
Arnold, C. J. 
Atkinson, A. F. B. 
Baber, G. C. 
Baby, Lucien 
Bacque, F. H. 
Bailley, Edward 
Baker, Wm. 
Ball, John 
Baron, Joseph 
Bastable, M. A. 
Beattie, R. C. 
Bennett, J. S. 
Beswick, A. N. 
Brickley, H. P. 
Biggs, Frank 
Blair, Hugh 
Blair, Samuel 
Blake, George 
Bloomfield, G. A. 
Boulanger, Frank 
Bowes, W. J. 
Bradbury, P. R. 
Bradshaw, Richard 
Brayton, Bertram 
Bremner, R. O. 
Brewer, A. D. 
Brewer, H. G. 
Brown, A. V. 
Brown, John 
Brown, J. S. 
Bulger, Harold 
Burns, W. B. 
Bushell, C. A. 
Call, John 



Cameron, E. S. 
Cameron, F. B. 
Campbell, Henry 
Campbell, J. D. 
Cantin, J. B. 
Capper, Cawthorne 
Carr, A. E. 
Chad wick, Benj. 
Chandler, J. K. 
Charlebois, Lucien 
Chevalier, Pierre 
Chevalier, Phillipps 
Chippendale, Louis 
Clark, M. R. 
Clarke, Charles 
Clayton, Robert 
Cleghorn, A. G. 
Coady, Arthur 
Conway, Joseph 
Conroy, M. H. 
Cooke, H. G. 
Copeland, P. S. B. 
Corbeil, J. O. 
Corrigan, J. W. 
Cony, Fred de B. 
Cox, Charles 
Craig, A. J. M. 
Cronk, W. J. 
Cross, William 
Crump, Edward 
Curtis, William 
Daniel, Thomas S. 
Darge, Joseph J. 
Davin, Henry A. 
Deere, Chas. T. A. 
Denman, Clarence B. 
Denning, James R. 



Digby, William 
Dionne, Joseph F. 
Dobb, Richard E. 
Dods, Lorimer 
Doherty, James 
Dolling, William A. 
Douglas, Edward J. 
Douglas, James S. 
Douglas, George J. 
Dower, Edward 
Duncan, Ellery S. 
Duncan, William R. 
Dunlop, Robert 
Dupuy, Harry Leonce 
Edwards, David J. 
Elliott, Robert 
England, Stuart M. 
Ensum, Edward W. 
Fofard, Clovis 
Fenton, Herbert J. 
Findlay, John C. 
Fitzgerald, Joseph 
Forgrave, Robert J. 
Forneri, David A. 
Ganby, Robert 
Gartshore, Neil 
Garvey, Edward E. 
George, Walter 
Gilbert, John C. 
Golden, James G. 
Goldsmith, RobertJB. 
Goskar, Herbert 
Gough, Ernest C. 
Green, Ernest 
Greenwood, William G. 
Grundy, Claude H. 
Gunby, Robert J. 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Halfhide, Rudolph G. 
Hall, George 
Hall, James 
Hall, John D. 
Hardwick, Albert V. 
Harhigh, Cyril A. 
Harrington, George H. 
Harrison, William F. 
Hartley, Joseph 
Heather, Frederick W. 
Heaton, Herbert 
Hebert, Joseph 
Hegarty, Thos. 
Henry /Alfred S. 
Herbert, Arthur 
Heron, William 
Herring, William J. 
Hinton, Wilfrid 
Hirschorn, Samuel 
Hoare, John W. 
Hone, Ernest 
Hood, Richard II . 
Hopkins, Arthur E. 
Hopkins, Thomas 
Howell, William P. 
Hughes, William 
Hunt, George G. 
Hunter, Frank 
Huxley, Ernest W. 
Incc, Arthur D. 
Jackman, Frank 
Jackson, William H. 
Jeffrey, Charles E. 
Jennings, Sidney F. T. 
Johnson, Cuthbert J. 
Johnson, Eric C. 
Johnson, Richard 
Jones, Arthur S. 
Jones, George 
Jones, William 
Joyce, John 
Keane, Philip 
Kelly, William Francis 
Kemp, Cyril S. 
King, Ernest William 
King, John X. 
Kirby, William 
Kirke, William 
Knight, Joshua 
Knox, Ralph 
Kyle, William 
Lajoie, George Leo 
Laliberte, Alexandre 
Lalor, Robert C. 
Larin, Francis A. 
Larose, Lorenzo R. 
Lawton, Richard M. 
Layne, Geoffrey F. 
Layrock, Paul 
Leighton, Gordon E. 
Lister, Robert W. 



Lloyd, Leslie 
*Longhurst, Harold R. 
Lukeman, Francis 
Mackenzie, Robert C. 
Mallett, William J. 
Manfield, Henry J. 
Manks, George 
March, Herbert 
March, Charles E. 
Marshall, Ernest 
Martin, John 
Martin, William 
McBurney, Fred. W. 
McBurney, Gomot W 7 . 
McCarthy, Daniel 
McCowan, John C. 
McGilton, George 
Mclnulty, Charles 
Mclver, Samuel 
McKeegan, James 
McKinnon, John R. 
McLean, Archibald I. 
MacLeod, Gilbert H. 
McMartin, Henry G. 
McTurk, John Gilliss 
Mercier, Leslie P. 
Mitchell, Ernest S. 
Mitchell, Thomas 
Mitchell, William 
Moffitt, William 
Moore, Samuel 
Moran, John F. 
Morrison, Thomas 
Morrison, William 
Muncaster, Henry P. 
Murphy, Arthur 
Murray, George 
Nantel, Arthur 
Nesbitt, Thomas 
Napier, Robert J. 
Newman, Albert 
Noad, J. A. L. 
Norton, Cecil H. 
Nelson, Henry 
Nesbitt, John K. 
Nicholls, Percy H. 
O'Brien, Charles L 
Odell, Oliver H. C. 
Odesky, Max 
O'Grady, John J. 
Orr, Archie 
Owen, Norman 
Page, Harold A. S. 
Page, Henry J. 
Pain, Alexander 
Pate, Sidney 
Parnell, Alexander 
Parry, John G. 
Patman, Valentine 
Pattman, Ernest A. 
Peat, Andrew N. 



Peat, William S. 
Perfrement, Fred B. 
Pike, Edwin J. 
Planche, Norman E. 
Platt, Richard 
Pool, George 
Pounden, John Robert 
Pratt, Bertie J. 
Price, Charles Basil 
Racey, Baron Richardson 
Racicot, Alphonse 
Rattigan, Patrick 
Reid, Harry 
Richardson, James Z. 
Roach, A. E. V. 
Roberts, John 
Robertson, Alexander G. 
Robertson, Norman H. 
Robertson, Robert W. 
Rogers, Eunice J. 
Rodgers, Levi 
Rogers, Claude P. 
Rooke, Charles S. 
Runte, Edward F. 
Runte, William H. 
Russell, Geo. E. 
Russell, John 
Sanders, Alexander L. 
Sanders, Richard I. 
Savage, I. B. 
Shelton, Hector C. 
Shirley, John F. 
Sheridan, William J. 
Sheriff, William 
Simpson, William E. 
Singleton, Joshua M. 
Slubicki, John 
Smith, Henry R. 
Smith, Leonard 
Southin, John W. 
Spilman, Harold 
Stafford, Thos. 
Steeves, Gordon A. 
Stevens, William G. 
Stewart, George 
Stuart, Robert C. 
Strickland, John 
Sullivan, Thomas F. 
Summers, George 
Swann, Harold H. 
Swift, Fred 
Swindlehurst, Arthur 
Symonds, Herbert B. 
Tasker, Thomas E. 
Tastard, William 
Tapsfield, John 
Taylor, Cuthbert S. 
Taylor, Leonard W. 
Taylor, Milton J. 
Taylor, Wellesley 
Terroux, H. C. 



Died of Spinal Meningitis, in Quebec Military Hospital, Sept 24th, 1914. 



VICTORIA RIFLES 



Thatcher, James G. 
Thompson, Claude W. 
Thompson, William 
Thwaites, Arthur P. 
Udy, Arthur 
Van Someren, Eric C. 
Vaughan, Joseph 
Vidler, Carlos J. 
Volume, Edward D. 
Waldorf, Walter H. 
Wall, Matthew J. 
Wallace, Thomas 
Walpole, Frank R. 



Watson, James 
Watters, James 
Webb, Frederick Wm. 
Webster, Charles H. 
Weir, William James 
Whitby, Charles D. B. 
White, Lionel M. 
Whittaker, Richard 
Wilkham, Jerry 
Wilde, Wm. 
Wilkinson, Chas. 
Williamson, William 



Williams, Frederick 
Wilson, James 
Wilson, Richard S. 
Wright, William 
Wilson, George B. A. 
Wilson, William 
Woolley, Norman E. 
Woods, Ernest 
Woods, John Henry 
Woolley, Sydney V. 
Wright, Fred Errol 
Wright, Percival William 



Also we will make promise. So long as the 

Blood endures, 
I shall know that your good is mine: Ye 

Shall feel that my strength is yours: 
In the day of Armageddon, at the last great 

Fight of all, 
That Our House stand together and the 

Pillars do not fall. 

Go to your work and be strong, halting 

Not in your ways, 
Baulking the end half-won for an 

Instant dole of praise. 
Stand to your work and be wise 

Certain of sword and pen, 
Who are neither children nor Gods, but men 

In a world of men! 



5th REGIMENT (ROYAL HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA) 

(At outbreak of war) 

(Allied with The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)] 
12th Infantry Brigade 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organized G. O. 31 Jan., 62) 

Headquarters Montreal, P.Q. 

1st Battalion (8 Companies) 2nd Battalion (8 Companies) 

Honorary Lieutenant- Colonel MacKay, Hon. R. 

Honorary Lieutenant- Colonel 1st Battalion Sir Hugh Montagu Allan, Kt., 

C.V.O. 

LlEUT.-COLONEL COMMANDANT 

Cantlie, G. S. 

LlEUT.-COLONELS (2) 

Ross, J. G. Gault, A. F. 

MAJORS (4) 

_^ -JSJnrgwnrf Viy E. C. 

Buchanan, V. C. 



Davidson, P. 
Loomis, F. O. W. 



Jamieson, R. H. 

Monsarrat, C. N. 
.-Buchanan, F. P. 

McCuaig, D. R. 

Walkem, H. C. 

Smart, V. I. , 
**~McGibbon, G. D. 

Lindsay, S. B. 

MacKay, J. A. 

Davidson, C. G. 

Pease, H. M. 

Perry, K. M. 
Crowdy, C. H. 

Adamson, J. E. 
--Horsey, C. M. 

Matthewson, H. 

Drummond, G. M. 



Wallace, J. F. H. 
Morrisey, T. S. 
Cameron, A. G. 
Walker, H. F. 
Carsle, J. G. 
. K. LT 



CAPTAINS (16) 
Strachan, K. G. 
Bovey, W. 
Forbes, W. F. 
Birchall, W. D. 
McCuaig, G. E. 
Whitehead, L. W. 
fClark-Kennedy, W. H. Robinson, H. B. 

LIEUTENANTS (32) 
Molson, F. S. 
McCuaig, C. N. 
fSellon, E. M. 

, L. H. 

Greenshields, J. G. 
Whitehead, F. W. F. 
Ives, H. D. 
Fisher, A. M. 

, G. H. 



WiUc 



oly de Lotbiniere, A. 

illcocks, M. F. 
Hastings, J. D. 
Stephens, F. C. 
Birchall, T. P. 
MacTier, W. S. M. 
Bovey, Q. C. D. 
Whitehead, T. R. 
Miller, J. M. 



REGIMENTAL ADJUTANT 
McCuaig, D. R., capt. 



ADJUTANTS (2) 
Bovey, W., capt. McCuaig, G. E., capt. 

INSTRUCTOR OF MUSKETRY SIGNALLING OFFICERS (2) 

Jamieson, R. H., capt. McGibbon, G. D., capt. 

MEDICAL OFFICERS (2) 
Brown, E. R., major Morgan, J. D., capt. 

PAYMASTER CHAPLAIN 

Gault, C. E., lieut.-col. Taylor, Rev. R. B., hon. capt. 

CORPS RESERVE 3rd and 4th Battalions 

MAJORS (4) 
Cleghorn, G. S. 



t Armstrong, C. J. 
tGault, A. H. 
Hole, C. C. 
Mackay, H. 



CAPTAINS (16) 
Fyshe, T. M. 
Norsworthy, S. C. 
Lees, G. O. 

QUARTERMASTER 
Miller, D. C. S., hon. major 



Coristine, S. B. 
Armstrong, E. N. 
Robertson, D. B. (s s) 



t Means previous active service. 




ALLIED WITH 
THE BLACK WATCH (ROYAL HIGH LANDEBS) 



5th Regiment 
Royal Highlanders of Canada 

In any military history of Canada, one of the most prominent 
chapters must be devoted to the 5th Regiment Royal Highlanders 
of Canada. 

The idea of a distinctively Scottish unit was first modestly 
introduced among Montreal's citizen soldiers in the year 1837, 
when volunteer brigades were organized in this city to quell the 
rebellion for Constitutional Government, which shook the political 
life of Upper and Lower Canada. This Scottish unit had its be- 
ginning in a Company of the Montreal Light Infantry, largely 
recruited from the mechanic class of the city, and of which the 
bugler was a lad who was afterwards to become well known in the 
Canadian Militia as Lieut. -Col. John Fletcher, C.M.G. The men 
wore stripes of tartan plaid on their trousers as a distinguishing 
mark. 

The Montreal Light Infantry had no great opportunity to 
distinguish itself in the quelling of the Rebellion, but the birth of 
the Royal Highlanders must be traced to this date. 

The Regiment was next prominent in connection with the visit 
to Canada of the late King Edward (then Prince of Wales) in 1860. 
One of its Companies proceeded to Three Rivers, at which city the 
Prince stopped on his way from Quebec to Montreal, and acted 
as a guard of honor on the wharf on the occasion of the landing 
of the Royal Party. On the arrival of the party in Montreal, 
two Companies of the Regiment were detailed as Guards of Honor, 
one at the triumphal arch erected on Jacques Cartier Square, 
and the other at the Crystal Palace on St. Catherine Street. 



28 THE CALL TO ARMS 

In the following year, the "Trent Affair" having precipitated 
trouble between Great Britain and the United States, military 
preparations were hastily made in Montreal, and on the 31st of 
January, 1862, the "5th Battalion Royal Light Infantry" was 
formally gazetted under Captain (afterwards Lieut. -Col.) Haviland 
L. Routh. 

A handsome set of colors borne by the Regiment until 1912, 
the gift of the ladies of Montreal, was presented to the Regiment 
by Lady Monck, wife of his Excellency the Governor General, at a 
parade of the whole Militia force of the city, on Logan's Farm, 
October llth, 1862. 

Within a few months of the authorization of the " Royals," 
the new regiment absorbed Captain John Macpherson's Highland 
Company of the 1st Prince of Wales Regiment, and thus fell heir 
to the record and seniority of that historical Company, which had 
been raised as the Montreal Highland Rifle Company by authority 
of an order dated October 16th, 1856. This Highland Company 
had earned an enviable reputation for physique and drill. Its 
transfer to the Royals marks the nucleus from which has been 
developed the Royal Highlanders of Canada as a Highland Regi- 
ment. 

The year of the Fenian Raids will always be a memorable one 
for the Canadian Militia, and in the activities, the Royals 
played a prominent part. One Company performed guard duty 
in the city, another Company was sent to Cornwall for some time, 
guarding the canal and training volunteers, while a considerable 
number of the men were in barracks at St. John, and others at 
various points along the frontier. Again in 1870, the Regiment 
was active in defeating the Fenian Raiders. 

In 1875, through the energetic efforts of the late Major Kenneth 
Campbell, the Regiment was reorganized, and its name officially 
changed to the "5th Royal Fusileers." 

It was not until 1880, however, that the Regiment was re- 
cognized as a distinctively Scottish one, and the Highland uniform 
finally adopted. 

In 1884 the Regiment vvas gazetted as the 5th Royal Scots of 
Canada, and as a compliment to the then Governor General, The 
Marquis of Lome, the Campbell tartan adopted for the whole 
Regiment. 

In the month of March, 1885, the Riel Rebellion broke out 
with startling suddenness. Riel boasted that he had sympathizers 



5th ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 29 

in the United States, and owing to threats of Fenian invasions 
the Montreal force, owing to the city's exposed position was not 
largely drawn upon for the campaign. The Royal Scots, however, 
with other city regiments were exceedingly active and attained 
a high degree of efficiency. 

Canada gave a splendid demonstration of the solidarity of the 
Empire in sending a contingent to maintain the supremacy of 
Britain in South Africa, and the Royal Scots had the honor of 
contributing more men in proportion to its establishment than any 
other Infantry Regiment in Montreal, if not in all Canada. Five 
Commissioned Officers, headed by Lieut. -Col. G. W. Cameron, 
and forty-nine Non-Commissioned Officers and men from this 
Regiment sailed with the contingent. Two members of this gallant 
band, Corporal R. Goodfellow and Private F. Wasdell, gave their 
lives for the Empire, the former falling at Paardeberg, on February 
18th, and the latter at the final advance on Cronje's laager, on 
February 27th. 

Lieut.-Col. Cameron was twice mentioned in the London 
Gazette, and obtained the medal with three clasps and the D.S.O. 
He was gazetted an Honorary Major in the army in September, 
1901. 

The year 1905 saw a great honor conferred in the consum- 
mation under Militia Order No. 124 of that year, of the alliance 
between the Regiment and "The Black Watch," the senior High- 
land Regiment in the service, of w T hich the King himself is Colonel- 
in-Chief. This connection is a source of great pride throughout 
the Regiment, and the splendid traditions of "The Black Watch" 
have always proved and are proving to-day an incentive to all 
the members of the Royal Highlanders of Canada to emulate their 
magnificent achievements. 

In the autumn of 1906 the formation of the two Battalions 
was authorized and the Regiment was quickly brought up to its 
new establishment. Lieut.-Col. F. S. Meighen was posted to the 
command of the 1st Battalion and Lieut.-Col. G. S. Cantlie to the 
command of the 2nd Battalion. 

1908 saw the Tercentenary Celebration, at Quebec, which the 
Regiment attended in full strength and where their march past 
on the historical Plains of Abraham earned them the commendation 
not only of His Majesty, then The Prince of Wales, but of Field 
Marshal Lord Roberts, who was serving on his Staff. 



30 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

The next year saw another interesting event, when, on the 
invitation of the Officers of the 5th U.S. Infantry, the Regiment 
attended the Tercentenary Celebration at Plattsburg, N. Y., 
where they were reviewed by President Taft. 

The terms of service with the Regiment of Lieut. -Col. Carson 
and Lieut. -Col. Meighen ended the same year, Lieut. -Col. Cantlie 
becoming Lieut. -Col. Commandant and Lieuts.-Col. J. G. Ross 
and A. F. Gault taking over the 1st and 2nd Battalions respectively. 

In 1912 His Royal Highness The Duke of Connaught presented 
its present Colors (the gift of the Ladies of the St. Andrews' 
Society) to the Regiment at a Parade held for the purpose on 
Fletcher's Field. On this occasion His Royal Highness said: 

"Lieut. -Col. Cantlie, officers, non-commissioned officers and 
men of the 5th Regiment Royal Highlanders of Canada: 

"It gives me very much satisfaction to present you with 
these new colors to replace those which were presented in October 
1862, by Lady Monck, the wife of the then Governor-General of 
Canada. This Regiment, like many other units, has been through 
many vicissitudes. In the early part of the year 1862, the Regiment 
was known as the Royals. The Regiment then passed through the 
phases of Royal Fusiliers, Royal Scots Fusiliers, and Royal Scots 
of Canada, until you now hold the proud name of the Royal 
Highlanders of Canada. The Regiment has always borne itself 
with the greatest credit. It took part in the Fenian Raid of 1866, 
and in 1870 I had the honor of being brigaded with the Regiment 
at St. Johns. It took part in the South African War and it has 
twice been inspected by the King. The Regiment is allied with the 
first Battalion of the 42nd Highlanders, the Black Watch, and the 
War Office has sent out Lieut. -Col. Rose and Captain Stewart to 
represent them on this occasion and associate your services with the 
British Empire. Officers and men of the Royal Highlanders, I 
have heard with pleasure of your strong sense of duty and of the 
. esprit de Corps that exists throughout the Regiment from the 
highest to the lowest. I hope that you will ever be proud of the 
uniform you wear and ever be devoted to the country you serve. 
These colors should aid you in your devotion to your country, 
your sovereign and your Empire. May you ever cherish these 
colors and may they be in your safe keeping for many a year. 
I congratulate you, Lieut. -Col. Cantlie, on the very excellent 
appearance and drilling of the Regiment." 



5th ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 31 

To-day the Regiment is probably in a higher state of efficiency 
than it has ever been. The 13th Provisional Battalion of the First 
Contingent (1,200 strong) is entirely made up of Officers and men 
of the Royal Highlanders, and, under its special authority from the 
Minister of Militia, wears the badge "R.H.C." instead of the word 
"Canada." This Battalion is under Lieut. -Col. F. O. W. Loomis 
who was promoted to this rank on taking the command. 

The Regiment has, in addition, supplied 7 officers and 410 
men, or almost half, of the 24th Provisional Battalion Victoria 
Rifles of Canada. 

If these 417 be included, the total strength of the Regiment 
to-day is therefore nearly 2,400 officers and men, which includes 
126 officers with 8 on the Corps Reserve, total of 134 officers. 

Capt. J. K. L. Ross, one of the active officers of the Regiment 
is seconded for special service with the Navy. 

Two of the officers of the Regimental Corps Reserve have also 
received special appointments. Capt. C. J. Armstrong was pro- 
moted to Lieut. -Col. and is in command of the Canadian Engineers 
of the First Contingent, while Capt. A. Hamilton Gault raised the 
magnificent Princess Particia's Canadian Light Infantry, in which 
he holds the rank of Major. 

The Regiment expects that many more of its officers, N.C.O's. 
and men will join the Expeditionary Forces before the end of the 
great war in which Canada with the rest of the Empire is now en- 
gaged. The fact that it has already sent over 1,600 officers and 
men indicates that it may be expected to play its part in raising 
whatever contingents may be required from it. 

OFFICERS IN FIRST CONTINGENT 
13TH PROVISIONAL BATTALION 

LlEUT.-COL. 

F. O. W. Loomis 

MAJORS 

E. C. Norsworthy D. R. McCuaig 
V. C. Buchanan 

CAPTAINS 
R. H. Jamieson H. F. Walker 

F. P. Buchanan G. M. Drummond 

G. D. McGibbon G. O. Lees 
G. E. McCuaig A. Reford 

L. W. Whitehead John Handley 

W. H. Clark Kennedy E. J. Carthew 

T. S. Morrisey W. J. Taylor 
A. G. Cameron 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



OFFICERS IN FIRST CONTINGENT Continued 



S. B. Lindsay 
K. M. Perry 
C. H. Crowdy 
C. M. Horsey 
F. S. Molson 
C. N. McCuaig 

E. M. Sellon 
H. D. Ives 
A. M. Fisher 
J. G. Ross 

J. O. Hastings 

F. C. Stephens 
W. S. M. MacTier 



Major E. R. Brown 



LIEUTENANTS 

C.'J. Smith 

T. W. Williams Taylor 

M. Greenshields 

W. F. Peterman 

A. N. Worthington 

L. de V. Chipman 

I. M. Sinclair 

J. C. Morrow 

P. F. Ferguson 

C. L. Cantley 

W. B. Coulter 

W. D. Smith 

MEDICAL OFFICERS 

Capt. J. D. Morgan 



N.C.O's AND MEN IN FIRST CONTINGENT 



Ash, Alfred 
Anderson, J. T. 
Ayre, William 
Armstrong, J. B. 
Abercrombie, J. D. 
Anderson, Robert 
Anderson, G. M. G. 
Arnold, B. 
Allan, A. 
Anderson, James 
Astbury, Albert 
Adley, J. H. 
Alexander, George 
Ash, G. 

Armstrong, F. H. 
Allan, Robert 
Annets, A. G. 
Adams, T. R. 
Anning, H. 
Adams, J. B. 
Aldridge, R. 
Anderson, W. J. 
Adam, A. 
Armet, R. 
Ableson, F. 
Anderson, J. 
Alexander, C. 
Armstrong, J. 
Anderson, R. 
Addison, A. 
Allen, W. 
Auld. A. 
Anderson, John 
Ad air, L. P. 
Annon, J. F. 
Armstrong, K. 
Adamson, E. 
Bennett, J. A. 



Bailey, H. R. 
Bigland, R. C. 
Beverley, J. L. 
Beggs, P. S. 
Bowen, R. L. 
Byatt, G. P. 
Brittan, S. V. 
Barton, A. G. 
Brennan, A. 
Benson, A. I. H. 
Burns, John 
Bell, L. F. 
Burns, James 
Brooks, William 
Barlow, G. F. 
Bl} the, W. 
Breslin, P. 
Bayliss, H. 
Boland, G. 
Bartlett, C. N. 
Bell, J. 
Blanchord, A. 
Burns, E. 
Barlow, G. 
Bedford, P. 
Baxter, C. 
Burke, J. 
Brais, W. 
Boyle, A. H. 
Brown, J. 
Bradgate, G. 
Brazier, F. 
Birnie, A. 
Beaconsfield, J. 
Byars, H. 
Brow r n, C. 
Black, A. R. 
Byrne, G. 



Boyer, E. M. 
Baker, W. W. 
Ballard, A. E. 
Bonner, J. 
Benoy, F. J. 
Brown, A. L. 
Beaver, R. G. 
Bishop, G. 
Black, W. F. 
Brown, W. B. 
Bain, J. 
Beach, W. 
Brown, A. 
Barker, B. 
Brown, F. 
Bramley, P. A. 
Budding, J. F. 
Butters, G. 
Bennett, E. 
Baker, C. W. 
Boyle, H. 
Black, C. G. 
Boothby, G. W. 
Bale, J. J. 
Brown, D. M. 
Buchanan, E. J. 
Burrows, A. 
Brodgen, F. 
Britton, W 7 . 
Banning, S. H. 
Bowman, C. 
Bennett, W. H. D. 
Blake, J. S. 
Barrie, G. R. 
Bisset, D. 
Blake, F. B. 
Bailey, L. M. 
Bryant, H. A. 



ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 



33 



Brooks, T. C. 

Bagnall, H. 

Boyce, E. A. 

Beard, J. 

Berry, H. 

Bell, J. B. H. 

Bowland, G. C. 

Bailey, H. 

Bolt, R. H. 

Bailies, G. 

Bowman, P. 

Brown, A. 

Bullock, C. A. 

Barber, D. 

Bailey, A. 

Baker, W. 

Brokenshire, L. 

Banks, A. J. 

Brown, G. L. 

Ballantyne, W. 

Bingham, F. 

Bromley, W. H. 
Biddulph, P. 

Braley, R. E. 
Carney, M. 
Collins, E. J. 
Campbell, J. J. 
Caine, C. 
Clarke, E. G. H. 
Campbell, John 
Charest, A. C. 
Cassel, G. 
Clements, W. A. 
Clover, A. W. R. 
Cockburn, R. 
Cavanagh, J. 
Cook, G. 
Campbell, R. J. 
Connell, Robert 
Crichton, Robert 
Cameron, John 
Clark, J. M. 
Conn, G. D. 
Carse, L. 
Clark, F. E. 
Cecil, W. 
Craig, D. 
Carrick, R. L. 
Carter, G. B. 
Carr, H. W. 
Chanter, H. H. 
Campbell, John 
Copeman, H. E. 
Cunliffe, W. T. 
Cooper, W. A. 
Connallv, Peter 
Craig, Cameron 
Chalmers, Wm. 
Clarke, T. W. 
Cockburn, J. W. 
Carson, W.'f). 



Charette, J. 
Cairns, J. M. 
Connor, B. J. 
Cain, W. 
Cameron, F. H. 
Chavel, A. E. 
Coop, H. 

Cunningham, F. J. 
Clark, Wm. 
Clarkson, J. J. 
Cottrell, Wm. 
Creak, W. F. 
Cadieux, E. 
Coones, A. W. 
Campbell, Sydney 
Caryer, W. S. 
Croally, J. 
Cowan, J. 
Campbell, David 
Campbell, A. H. 
Campbell, T. H. 
Connock, J. J. 
Campbell, G. W. 
Coleman, E. W. 
Cartwright, Alfred 
Cristopher, J. F. 
Chopin, A. J. 
Cowan, G. T. 
Clarkson, G. 
Clark, D. 
Calvert, J. C. 
Curwen, F. G. 
Cameron, J. B. 
Connelly, Daniel 
Colls, E. J. 
Cawthorne, F. 
Campbell, D. 
Clarkson, J. 
Chambers, W. F. 
Craig, R. A. M. 
Courchaine, Oscar 
Carstairs, D. S. 
Carruthers, J. 
Campbell, R. 
Cuthbert, George 
Craig, W. A. 
Cornwall, C. 
Campbell, W. 
Chipps, H. G. 
Crighton, J. 
Cosh, R. F. 
Choules, J. S. 
Crozier, J. 
Crawford, T. 
Clarkson, H. F. 
Chandler, S. 
Carr, J. H. 
Cooper, H. 
Carson, A. 
Carslake, A. J. 
Carley, D. J. 



Claride, W. J. 
Charlton, W. 
Cunningham, A. 
Caine, John 
Clark, A. L. 
Dougherty, C. 
Dickinson, E. 
Daniels, W. 
Douglas, A. 
Dowie, R. 
Davis, O. C. 
Dupre, T. 
Davies, D. 
Dougall, S. D. 
Donaldson, A. 
Daly, M. D. 
Dyer, H. S. 
Dyce, J. 

Davidson, H. M. 
Duberges, V. 
Davies, F. 
Dickie, J. G. 
Dunbar, A. F. 
Deans, W. D. 
Durden, F. 
Davidson, C. M. 
Duffield, F. W. 
Doyle, W. 
Doran, J. 
Dobson, A. 
Dick, P. 
Dyce, J. W. 
Davidson, G. 
Ducker, J. W. 
Day, H. 
Druett, G. A. 
D'Arcy, A. J. K. 
Danlmann, B. J. 
Doran, S. 
Dickerson, E. 
Down, J. 
Decks, C. 
Duncan, D. 
Drew, D. 
Down, R. A. R. 
Davidson, E. 
Dougall, V. 
Delaney, M. 
Dunsmore, C. 
Dand, M. G. 
Dixon, T. C. 
Dorton, G. * 
Eagle, R. 
Earle, G. L. 
Eadle, G. W. 
Evans, Edwin 
Edwards, Harry 
Eaton, Wm. 
Ellis, Wm. 
Evans, R. 
Eldridge, J. 



34 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Elphick, T. 
Evans, W. 
Evans, T. J. 
Easson, J. 
Edsell, H. 
Eastwood, O. W. 
Easson, John 
Fordyce, John 
Fisher, W. C. 
Fisher, J. A. B. 
Fitzgerald, John 
Fortier, Eugin 
Finn, D. J. 
Fairley, Thomas 
Fergus, Wm. 
Fielding, A. 
Field, Percy 
Fairley, W. 
Fisher, Arthur 
Fpthergill, C. G. 
Fitzpatrick, M. E. 
Fletcher, Allan 
Forbes, J. McD. 
Ford, P. 
Ferguson, W. 
Feather, J. 
Foot, Wm. 
Ferguson, D. 
Findlay, A. 
Finnic, A. 
Fryer, H. 
Fox, H. 
Ferguson, D. 
Ferguson, J. C. 
French, A. 
Fisher, F. 
Fraser, G. A. 
Fothergill, L. 
Fraser, F. T. 
Fleury, A. 
Fowler, J. \Y. 
Farquharson, J. M, 
Fisher, ] . W. * 
Fraser, D. S. 
Fitzgerald, T. B. 
Fox, T. G. 
Galvin, David L. 
Grant, C. D. 
Grimsdale, Harry 
Glover, F. C. 
Gill, George 
Gyde, Norma'n 
Glad, H. 
Gee, W. H. 
Goulding, James 
Grieve, D. C. 
Green, G. 
Glithers, J. H. 
Gibhs, G. 
Grangel, W. 
Gourgeon, J. 



Gray, C. 
Garrett, J . T. 
Godfrey, H. 
Greenwood, Wm. 
Green, H. R. 
Garrick, D. 
Gaynor, W. R. 
Gaffney, Hugh 
Godbeer, H. A. 
Gibb, G. 
Gould, R. 
Goldsmith, C. A. 
Gallagher, J. W. 
Gibbon, E. 
Goodyear, W. 
Gardner, W. H. 
Gallagher, J. 
Gracey, W. 
Glover, H. 
Glidden, E. E. 
Gallagher, A. 
Geven, B. M. 
Grant, W. 
Godwin, E. J. 
Gowans, S. 
Green, H. T. 
Ganson, W. 
Gray, D. H. 
Gibson, G. 
Grant, S. 
Gardner, H. 
Gordon, S. 
Goodwin, T. A. 
Grant, Donald 
Gowdy, W. O. 
Goodman, R. 
Garnett, E. B. 
Gyde, E. 
Gray, Alex. 
Grigg, B. 
Gordon, J. 
Gearey, J, 
Hall, C. E. 
Hallifax, R. 
Hogg, G. 
Hammond, J. 
Harland, G. 
Harrison, F. 
Harper, H. 
Howard, A. T. 
Hendry, ] . 
Harpell, H. H. 
Hunt, H. 

Hollingsworth, W. 
Hunter, T. 
Hendy, A. G. 
Hamon, R. 
Hunt, T. J- 
Hadfield, T. 
Hare, C. 
Hicks, F. G. 



Hall, S. 
Huggan, J. 
Howes, C. A. 
Hindle, J. M. 
Heggie, J. 
Haney, F. 
Holdway, C. H. 
Hannan, J. 
Hickey, S. 
Hewlett, G. 
Harding, J. 
Holden, M. 
Holland, J. 
Harriman, A. 
Huntley, H. 
Howley, C. B. 
Harrison, J. 
Hanies, J. 
Hogan, J. 
Hughes, T. S. 
Hayes, E. E. 
Harris, C. 
Harvey, A. 
Hartnell, R. E. 
Hampson, W. S. 
Hamilton, W 
Holden, H. 
Harding, C. 
Haynes, A. R. 
Hay ward, S. 
Howies, A. 
Hallam, T. 
Hardman, H. 
Howell, F. 
Hossich, K. 
Heavyside, J. 
Hincks, G. W. 
Hudson, T- W. 
Hewitt, S. 
Hay, T. 

Hamilton, W. G. 
Hutchinson, J. B. 
Hodgson, T. 
Hammell, S. 
Hove, E. E. 
Higgins, F. W. 
Holmes, G. A. 
Hyslon, 1. 
Harvel, F. 
Hesketh, }. E. 
Holliday, "R. 
Henderson, J. H. 
Hegarty, C. J. 

Hiii, R: c. 

Heaney, T. 
Henderson, C. 
Herber, A. S. 
Hall, J. 

Holland, F. C. V. 
Hatter, H. E. 
Hamilton, J. H. 



5th ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 



35 



Herlihy, T. 
Holt, S. 
Hiscock, G. 
Herring, R. F. 
Higginbottam, J. 
Ingram, C. 
Isherwood, R. 
Irving, Robert 
Irvine, L. J. 
Ibbotson, H. 
Irvine, R. 
Imrie, G. W. 
Ingalls, F. 
Inglis, A. 

amieson, L. W. 

ones, W. 

effery, John 

ames, H. H. 

olicoeur, E. 

ackson, W. C. 
Johnson, C. 

arman, A. 

ohnson, D. 

ohnson, B. 

ohnson, W. H. 

effreas, J. W. 
Johnston, C. 
Jones, W. 
Jarrett, E. H. 
Jones, George 
Jones, W. E. 
Johnston, T. 
jay, William 
Jensen, P. T. 
Jones, W. j. 
Johnston, D. 
Knights, A. 
Kerr, A. W. 
Krenchel, Otto 
Kinneald, C. O. 
Knight, M. H. 
Kittredge, M. 
Keen, G. C. 
Key, R. 
Keay, G. Ness 
Keith, S. W. 
Kirker, W. 
Kimmins, J. 
Kevins, William 
Kiddie, T. 
Keith, P. 
Kealey, C. 
Kearney, M. 
Kelley.'j. E. 
Kent, George 
Kinnell, J. S. 
Kane, L. J. 
Kelly, Clarence 
Kellv, P. 
Kidd, W. 
Knight, H. J. 



Knight, G. 
Kennan, J. 
Leon, H. V. 
Lilly, Walter 
Lefebvre, L. V. 
Lawson, Wm. 
Latour, E. 
Lewis, Arnold 
Lowe, A. 
Laing, R. 
Loveridge, H. D. 
Legget, R. 
Lawson, H. Y. 
Lucas, S. 
Lawson, James 
Lee, H. F. 
Latto, Matthew 
Lindsay, John 
Legault, P. 
Lock wood, S. S. 
Livingston, M. A. 
Langman, M. 
Larin, G. 
Lapierre, H. 
Lovelock, R. H. 
Lascomb, S. 
Lamey, Wm. 
Luck, A. J. 
Lecky, G. 
Leigh, W. A. 
Leadbetter, Robt. 
Logan, E. 
Lang, Thomas 
Labelle, A. 
Lee, J. 
Leger, A. E. 
Lorimer, J. 
Laurie, Wm. 
Lapraik, T. 
Loomis, G. A. 
Laing, Alex. 
Muncey, E. 
Mennie, J. D. 
Muncaster, A. 
Monsarrat, H. R. 
Morell, E. 
Maltby, C. 
Murdock, J. L. 
Mitchell, D. M. 
Munro, H. 
Morrison, G. L. 
Moulder, A. C. 
Mell, W. 
Miller, J. A. 
Maker, F. H. 
Murray, J R. 
Metcalfe, A. 
Murphy, W. 
Mills, R. J. 
Mil ward, C. 
Morrison, J. 



Morgan, T. A. 
Mellowes, W. O. 
Mitchener, H. 
Miller, F. M. 
Minton, H. E. 
Mathewson, F. S. 
Muir, C. B. 
Mould, L. S. 
Myles, F. 
Morrison, J . 
Morrison, W. C. 
Moores, E. 
Moon, T. H. 
Midgeley, T. 
Mather, E. 
Moore, A. 
Moran, P. 
Milloy, A. 
Maguire, O. 
Marsh, J. 
Murney, H. J. 
Martin, S. D. 
Marsh, T. 
Marshall, A. 
Minskip, C. R. 
Manson, D. 
Mowat, G. 
Matheson, F. 
Morrish, A. 
Maxwell, T. M. 
Mann, C. 
Maxwell, C. M. 
Mitchell, C. 
Morrison, W. C. 
Morby, W. 
Mileham, W. J. 
Michelson, W. 
Mooney, J. R. 
Mitcha'rd; F. 
Mott, H. B. 
Mover, J. M. 
Milne, L. G. 
Murphy, J. 
Montanelli, J. 
Murdock, J. A. 
Matheson, J. F. 
Maloney, M. 
Mayhew, A. 
Murphy, J. 
Magee, R. J. 
Miles, J. 
Milne, R. S. 
Melluish, W. 
Morton, R. 
Morrison, W. 
Morgan, S. B. 
Morrison, J. 
Murray, C. R. 
Mugridge, C. 
Moore, H. 
Millar, S. 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Matheson, W. 
Marriott, F. 
Muirhead, T. 
Mackay-White, E. W. 
MacLean, W. S. 
Maclachlan, R. R. 
McLeish, W. M. 
McGregor, Thomas 
Macdonald, R. F. 
MacMillan, John 
McFarland, N. 
McNeilage, Neil 
McCombie, John 
McCready, J. 
McDonald, George 
McDonald, George 
McNeill, D. 
McDonald, W. M. 
McArthur, Neil 
McDonald, N. W. 
MacLeod, Alex. 
McDonald, D. A. 
MacDermot, A. 
McDonald, Kenneth 
McEldownie, G. 
McCuaig, A. D. 
Maclnnis, H. 
McGregor, R. 
McKellar, J. 
MacArthur, D. S. 
McKeown, S. 
Mackay, J. 
Macdonald, J. W. 
McAuley, M. M. 
McAuley, Alex. 
McCahan, C. P. 
MacLean, Me. N. 
Mclntyre, E. 
McDonnell, George 
Macpherson, J. D 
McRae, D. 
MacNamee, W. H. 
MacLeod, Angus 
MacKinnon, M. 
MacLean, A. M. 
McDonald, Donald ]. 
McKinn, W. 
McCahon, G. 
MacPherson, R. N. 
McMillan, C. ]. 
MacRae, M. f . 
McCormick, Robt. 
McLeod, John 
McDermott, P. 
MacNeil, D. J. 
McPherson, J. 
MacLaurin, D. C. 
McNeill, N. 
MacGregor, J. 
McCarthy, J. 
MacTaggart, H. 



Mackinnon, D. 
McLean, J. F. 
M 'Cowan, C. A. 
McKay, A. J. 
MacClive, T. H. B. 
Macfarlane, W. E. 
Macdonald, A. 
McNulty, Edward 
McNaught, J. 
Macmillan, W. 
MacDonald, A. J. 
McLeod, Peter 
McNicel, Wm. 
McGrory, F. 
Macneish, J. S. 
McCallum, W. 
McDowell, James 
McGuinness, F. W. 
MacLean, L. F. 
MacDonald, Albert 
MacKenzie, John 
McCaskill, M. 
McKenzie, A. 
Mackenzie, R. 
McQuade, J. P. 
McArthur, Wm. 
McNally, M. 
McKenzie, K. 
McKay, R. 
McGeogh, A. H. 
Macartney, A. A. 
McMillan, J. D. 
Macartney, J. 
McKay, J. B. 
MacAskill, P. M. 
Nimmo, R. C. 
Nixon, R. 
Neil, W. C. 
Neilson, A. 
Nolton, S. 
O'Connell, P. 
O'Hara, V. 
O'Neill, M. 
Ozon, Louis 
Ogilvie, C. S. 
Orr, J. 
Olney, H. 
Osborne, Neil 
Osborne, J. S. 
O'Donnell, A. 
Owen, W. E. 
Oborn, J. 
O'Connell, G. B. 
O'Donnell, C. 
O'Sullivan, P. 
O'Keefe, D. 
Olsen, P. 
Orr, W. W. 
Pocock, C. A. 
Powell, H. R. 
Paterson, A. L. 



, J. S. M. 

r! j! R. L. 

*; j. p. 



Piche, R. D. B. 
Putt, H. 
Palmer, A. E. 
Piche, J. H. H. 
Peoples, J. H. 
Proudfoot, A. 
Pipe, A. E. 
Pemberton, G. 
Prince, H. B. 
Palmer, E. J. 
Pritchard, J. 
Piche, A. 
Petrie, A. 
Pearce, H. G. 
Purves, D. 
Parnaby, W. F. 
Penford, J. 
Palmer, J. R. 
Pegram, M. 
Palmer, M. G. 
Pearce, C. 
Pickup, H. 
Paish, J. H. 
Parkinson, R. G. 
Parkinson, S. 
Poole, J. S. M. 
Netrie, 
Potter, 
Pierce, 

Patterson, T. R. 
Peet, W. J. 
Pezzey, F. 
Pelkington, R. A. 
Parsons, G. H. 
Porter, R. J. 
Quigg, Edward 

8uin, Jas. E. 
uinnett, H. 
Quinn, Wm. 
Robinson, Alfred 
Reekie, J. G. 
Race, G. E. 
Ryan, P. 
Renateau, Lewis 
Reid, F. J. 
Reay, James 
Robertson, G. 
Rouley, Thomas 
Ritson, Howell 
Riddock, J. 
Reeve, R. 
Robb, R. 
Robinson, J. R. 
Reynolds, F. G. 
Richardson, W. A. 
Robinson, T. W. 
Robertson, R. M. 
Read, T. W. 
Rosselli, F. E. J. 
Rochester, J. J. 
Rankin, F. 



5th ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 



37 



Reid, D. L. 
Read, F. 
Rowan, F. J. 
Ross, A. 
Reid, J. L. 
Ryan, J. J. 
Reid, John 
Richardson, J. H. 
Rankin, James 
Robinson, J. 
Robertson, D. A. 
Rainey, E. 
Rowe, J. J. 
Robson, H. * , 
Rodden, E. 
Ross, J. D. 
Richardson, A. E. 
Ross, John 
Rodgers, W. J. 
Riley, James 
Russell, D. M. 
Robertson, G. 
Revel, Benj. 
Rust, B. H. 
Rankin, T. 
Roberts, J. 
Reid, D. B. 
Robertson, Hay 
Ramsay, Allan D. 
Reynolds, F. 
Russell, J. 
Reid, Wilfrid 
Reilly, J. 
Reeve, J. 
Rose, J. 
Roberts, C. J. 
Robinson, S. 
Ruston, A. W. 
Reaume, S. 
Riley, Francis J. 
Rainey, Wm. 
Sheldon, L. R. 
Stott, K. 
Smith, W. H. 
Somerville, W. 
Senior, H. 
Skillen, H. R. 
Strudwicke, M. A. 
Scott, M. 
Seymour, W. 
Sherwood, R. 
Scott, W. G. 
Simpson, G. W. R. 
Sandison, J. 
Simpson, J. 
Shergold, S. 
Scott, W. A. 
Skuce, R. 
Suterland, M. C. 
Strutt, D. H. 
Sockett, A. 



Spencer, K. 
Sinclair, N. 
Stanley, A. 
Stewart, R. E. 
Stearn, W. H. 
Smith, E. J. 
Small, W. D. 
Sladen, J. D. 
Smallridge, M. 
Smith, R. H. 
Stephenson, S. 
Smith, W. J. 
Sanderson, J. 
Sterling, D. 
Smith, W. 
Smith, W. J. 
Smith, T. 
Steel, J. 
Sampson, J. E. 
Stratton, G. 
Smillie, W. 
Stewart, J. 
Smith, F. C. 
Stracey, H. 
Stansfield, I. 
Sawyer, G. G. 
Sweeney, B. K. 
Spenceley, H. C. 
Stewart, J. A. 
Stringer, D. 
Smith, J. R. 
Scott, W. H. 
Stewart, J. 
Slater, A. 
Sim, T. 
Smith, G. S. 
Sharpies. F. 
Storrier, JVl . 
Sellick, W. 
Saunders, E. 
Stewart, J. 
Splatt, W. F. 
Spencer, C. 
Scott, W. 
Sykes, T. 
Skeen, O. 
Stonard, W. 
Smith, A. W. 
Smith, L. 
Schofield, G. 
Stephen, J. M. 
Smith, C. M. 
Scott, J. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Seivenwright, H. 
Sinnett, M. 
Steel, A. 
Southwick, H. J. 
Sullivan, W. M. 
Saggers, C. 
Stephenson, C. G. 



Slessor, P. 
Smith, S. H. 
Story, N. 
Stafford, A. S. 
Sinclair, D. G. 
Stretton, G. H. 
Sparkes, W. 
Sims, A. 
Smith, J. 
Swan, J. 
Smith, J. 
Smith, Frank C. 
Stead, G. W. 
Stuart, J. D. 
Slavin, R. 
Snowden, R. 
Stewart, N. C. 
Tucker, C. E. 
Thompson, John 
Toovey, E. V. H. 
Tauton, R. T. 
Turnbull, W. A. 
Tate, H. W. 
Tulley, E. H. 
Tweedy, W. R. 
Townsend, J. 
Twabley, J. B. 
Townsend, Frank 
Tepson, M. J. 
Todd, A. B. 
Tate, A. K. 
Taylor, Russell 
Townes, W. 
Taylor, R. B. 
Tuggey, H. A. 
Talbot, J. 
Thompson, Wm. 
Thomson, W. 
Templeman, H. W. 
Thornton, F. J. 
Thyer, J. 
Teffer, F. G. 
Taylor, G. H. 
Thorpe, H. G. 
Thomson, J. H. 
Thomas, H. 
Totten, F. 
Taylor, J. 
Tipson, J. 
Thomson, Wm. 
Trew, R. E. H. 
Thmoas, W. S. 
Venables, W. R. B. 
Vincent, J. W. 
Vpkey, G. 
Vickers, James 
Wilkinson, C. L. 
Williams, W. J. 
Warner, W. W. 
Wafer, Thomas 
Williams, John 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Wright, Robert 
Ward, W. T. 
Watson, W. 
Watkinson, J. 
Walker, T. 
White, Francis 
Winter, G. S. 
Waud, E. W. 
Williams, J. H. 
Wright, N. H. 
Wilson, M. C. 
Wise, H. 
Wood, H. C. 
White, P. 
Workman, J . 
Wright, D. T. 
Wilson, John H. 
Wakelin, S. J. 
Warren, E. 
Wright, H. 
Watson, John 
Weir, W. J. 
Ward, W. 
Wood, Samuel 
Wilson, David 
Wardle, J. 



Walker, George 
Woodstock, W. 
Watson, A. 
Wall, M. 
White, R. R. 
Walker, Alex. 
Wilson, L. C. 
Wood, H. J. 
Wells, D. O. 
Wilson, A. 
Walt, W. 
Wagman, H. 
Williamson, J. H. 
Wallace, J. 
Wilson, W. 
Whyte, Wm. 
Walters, D. 
Wild, John 
Wines, P. 
Watt, R. 
Walters, J. P. 
Withenshaw, D. 
Wylie, J. McL. 
Webster, J. P. 
Wilson, Harry 
Wylie, R. H. 



Wilson, J. 
Wood, G. 
Wood, B. 
Williams, Geo. 
Wilkins, Charles 
Wilson, J. W. D. M, 
Willis, W. I. 
Waller, H. 
Wilson, John 
Wilson, Isaac 
Wilson, E. W. 
Walker, F. J. 
Wellman, A. F. 
Wood, T. 
Wells, S. 
Whetter, R. 
White, G. 
Waddy, H. C. - 
Young, W. J. 
Young, Roland 
Yarnell, L. R. 
Young, S. E. B. 
Yates, C. O. 
Yaldwin, C. 



Cheer, boys, cheer, no more of idle sorrow; 

Courage, true hearts shall bear us on our way; 
Hope points beyond, and shows the bright tomorrow; 

Let us forget the darkness of to-day. 

Cheer, boys, cheer, for England, Mother England; 

Cheer, boys, cheer, the willing strong right hand 
Cheer, boys, cheer, there's work for honest labor 

Cheer, boys, cheer, for our dear old Motherland. 1 




MAJOR W. B. ANDERSON 
General Staff Officer 



LIEUT.-COL. G. E. BURNS 
Divisional Intelligence Officer. 



COLONEL E. W. WILSON 
Commanding 4th Divisional Area. 



LIEUT.-COL. J. W. BRIDGES 
Army Medical Corps, Active Service. 



LIEUT.-COL. W. J. SADLER 
Commanding Divisional Train. 



65th CARABINIERS (MONT-ROYAL) 

(At outbreak of war) 

12th Infantry Brigade 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organized G. O. 18 June, 69) 

Headquarters Montreal, P.Q. 

1st Battalion (8 Companies) 

Honorary Colonel Forget, Sir J. D. R., Knt. M.P. 

LlEUT.-COLONEL 

tOstell, J. T. 

MAJORS (2) 
de Tonnancour, L. G. Peltier, E. J. 

CAPTAINS (8) 

Archambeault, L. H. Garand, H. 

Filiatrault, J. A. de P. F. Tardiff, A. V. 

Barre, H. LaRose, A. L. 

Ranger, P. E. Loranger, J. H. 

Archambault, H. E. Clercq, G. A. de 
de Tonnancour, A. G. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 

DesRosiers, H. deKappelle, W. J. C. 

Brassard, R. A. Bedard, R. 

DeSerres, R. Dubrule, M. 

Mackay, F. Dandurand, H. 

Pauze, F. Bastien, R. 

Perodeau, A. Bonneau, H. 

Roy R. (s m) Dorval, C. O. 

Chretien-Zaugg, A. Vautelet, H. E. J. 

Terrault, G. A. Adam, J. A. 
Quintal, H. 

ADJUTANT INSTRUCTOR OF MUSKETRY 

Archambault, H. E., capt. Filiatrault, J. A. de P. F., capt. 

SIGNALLING OFFICER QUARTERMASTER 

Quintal, H., lieut. fBarre, J. W., hon. major 

MEDICAL OFFICERS 
Mignault, A., capt. A.M.C. Dupont, J. G., capt. A.M.C. 

PAYMASTER CHAPLAIN 

Boivin, W. U., hon. major Deschamps, Rev. E. A., hon. capt. 



CORPS RESERVE 2nd Battalion 

CAPTAINS (8) 

Lepine, E. E. Merrill, H. 

Brosseau, B. L. Labelle, J. G. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 
Jodoin, R. Leveille, E. 

t Means previous active service. 



65th Carabiniers (Mont -Royal) 



The following officers, non-commissioned officers and men of 
the 65th Regiment volunteered for service with the First Con- 
tingent of the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force. 



OFFICERS 



Capt. H. Barre 
Capt. P. E. Ranger 
Lieut. H. DesRosiers 
Lieut. De Serres 



Lieut R. Roy 

Lieut. H. Quintal 

Lieut. W. J. C. de Kappelle 

Lieut. Leprohon 



N.C.O's AND MEN 



Alexander, H. 
Albert, A. 
Andre, R. 
Antonio, A. 
Arpin, E. 
Aubin, N. 
Barrette, A. 
Barrette, Arthur 
Beaudnouch, E. 
Beland, N. 
Belanger, L. 
Belierre, A. 
Belisle, A. 
Belisle, Jos. 
Benoit, E. 
Benoit, Edmond 
Bercier, N. 
Benauch, G. 
Bernard, A. 
Bernard, H. 
Bernier, G. 
Bernier, J. 
Bertrand, H. 
Billen, J. 
Bissonnette, W. 
Blais, R. 
Blanchet, A. 
Blanin, A. 
Boud, L. 
Bonnier, A. 
Boudreault, H. 
Boulard, E. 



Bourbonnais, A. 
Bourgault, E. 
Bourget, M. O. 
Boursier, E. 
Bousquet, P. J. 
Brady, J. 
Briere, A. 

Brisenbais, J. E. P. 
Brissette, G. 
Burns, A. 
Carbonneau, E. 
Carriere, Jos. 
Carriere, R. L. 
Chanie, H. 
Chapadeau, J. E. 
Charbonneau, C. 
Charbonneau, Ernest 
Charbonneau, O. 
Charron, A. 
Christopher, E. 
Coalier, A. 
Colleret, T. 
Cote, E. 
Cote, Ernest 
Cote, N. 
Crevier, C. 
Crevier, E. 
Cyer, J. 
Daigle, E. 
Deschesne, A. 
Deschesne, P. 
Deguise, A. 



Delamane, H. 
Delisle, H. 
Delongchamps, J. E. 
De Nevers, H. 
Denis, G. A. 
Deseres, O. 
Desjardins, W. 
Desloges, R. 
Desnoyers, C. 
Desroches, A. 
Devrase, G. 
Dextrase, K. 
Dion, J. 
Dube, J. 
Dubeau, N. 
Dufresne, L. P. 
Dufresne, W. 
Dugas, T. 
Dupil, P. 
Dupuis, J. 

Delongchamps, J. H. 
Ethier, L. H. 
Favreau, A. 
Farest, J. 
Fortier, R. 
Fournier, E. 
Gagnon, H. 
Garceau, J. 
Gaudreau, A. 
Gauthier, T. 
Gauthier, J. 
Gauthier, O. 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Gauthier, P. 
Gauthin, R. 
Gendron, H. 
Gendron, L. 
Giard, P. C. 
Giard, C. E. 
Giroex, J. A. 
Godard, D. 
Godin, J. 
Goudreau, A. 
Gratton, A. 
Guertin, J. A. 
Guibard, A. 
Guyot, A. 
Handfied, J. H. 
Hardy, V. 
Havelin, W. 
Hetier, N. 
Honnay, L. 
Houle, H. 
Houle, R. 
Huron, R. 
Hurtebies, A. 
Jarry, C. 
Jerome, J. 
Jobel, A. 
J oubert, T, H. 
Jovry, D. 
Juteau, J. A. 
Kenney, C. 
Kenney, J. 
Klein, P. 
Labelle, A. 
Labelle, A. 
Lacerte, W. 
Lachaind, A. 
Lacroix, A. 
Lacroix, C. 
Lacroix, J. 
Lacroix, O. 
Laferriere, S. 
Lafleur, A. 
Lafond, A. L. 
Lajeunesse, A. 
Lalonde, O. 
Laine, R. 
Langelier, C. 
Langevin, O. 
Lanthier, R. 
Lapiere, A. E. 



Lapointe, C. 


Porchon, M. 


Lapointe, H. 


Portugaler, H. 


Lapointe, L. G. 


Potvin, V. 


Lapointe, L. 


Potvin, R. 


Lauviere, P. 


Poucelet, E. 


Laurendeau, W. 


Prud'homme, A. 


Laurent, J. G. 


Quintal, A. 


Laurent, Sergt. P. 


Racette, A. 


Lavigne, E. 


Raymond, E. 


Leclerc, J. 


Raymond, J. 


Lecompte, G. 


Riopel, L. 


Leduc, D. 


Robillard, A. 


Lefebvre, L. 


Robillard, J. B. 


Lepine, C. 


Rouchon, A. 


Lepine, P. 


Rose, G. 


Leprohon, E. 


Rausseard, H. 


Lescarbeau, E. 


Roy, A. 


Letourneau, W. 


Roy, H. 


Leveille, A. 


Roy, R. 


Levesque, J. 


Sasseville, S. S. 


Ligonnet, A. 


Seguin, A. 


Mallette, A. 


Simard, M. 


Marion, A. 


Servis, E. 


Marion, Color-Sergt. 


Smith, G. 


Martel, E. 


Steben, G. 


M artel, Emile 


St. Hilaire, A. . 


Martin, J. A. E. 


St. Jacques, E. 


Martin, J. 


St. Laurent, A. 


Mathier, J. 


Ste. Marie, L. 


Messier, H. 


St. Onge, C. 


Messier, J. 


Tetrault, W. 


Mireault, L. 


Titer, Sergt. E. 


Mirbault, R. 


Theoret, A. 


Moreau, D. 


Theriault, J. 


Morvan, H. 


Thebault, H. 


Ouimet, A. 


Thomas, E. 


Panneton, E. 


Touchette, Z. H. 


Poquette, A. 


Trudeau, A. 


Paradis, J. 


Trudel, D. 


Parent, S. 


Turcotte, J. 


Paris, V. 


Ternisien, E. 


Patry, H. 


Vaillout, H. 


Patry, N. 


Valin, G. 


Pelletier, A. 


Vallee, A. 


Pelletier, R. 


Van Mendlebroeck, 


Pichette, J. A. 


Vorin, A. 


Pichette, S. 


Vignault, L. 


Poirat, E. 


Villeneuve, A. 


Poirier, A. 


Woutere, F. 


Poitras, A. 






LIEUT.-COL F. S. MEIGHEN 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 



LIEUT.-COL. W. 0. H. DODDS 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 



LIEUT.-COL. J. W. CARSON 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 



CAPT. G. S. STAIRS 
Grenadier Guards. 



LIEUT.-COL. J. A. FINLAYSON 
Grenadier Guards. 



85th REGIMENT 

(At outbreak oi war} 

llth Infantry Brigade 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organized G. O., 4 June, 80) 

Regimental Headquarters Montreal, Que. 

1st Battalion (8 Companies) 
Honorary Lieut. -Colonel Decarie, Hon. ]. L., K.C. 

LIEUT. -COLONEL 
La Rochelle, M. 

MAJORS (2) 
Bisaillon, P. R. Bisaillon, H. R. 

CAPTAINS (8) 

Charest, J. C. B. Foisy, T. 

Bourassa, E. Lemieux, V. 

MiUette, N. A. Bourassa, R. 

Ouimet, J. A. Trudeau, G. A. H. 

McDonald, H. Lefebvre, H. 
Patterson, A. E. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 

Scott, H. T. Brosseau, J. 

Archambault, J. P. U. Ostiguy, P. E. 

Bertram!, G. Scott, J. M. 

Grothe, A. P. Sylvestre, C. J. 

Grothe, R. C. *Bissonnette, A. S. 

Brosseau, C. A. *Papineau, J. R. 

Girouard, E. C. *La Rochelle, J. G. 

Taylor, F. K. *de Tilly, A. 

Mackay, M. *Beaulieu, R. 

ADJUTANT INSTRUCTOR OF MUSKETRY 

MiUette, X. A., capt. McDonald, H., capt. 

SIGNALING OFFICER QUARTERMASTER 

Foisy, T., capt. Rainville, G. R., hon. major 

MEDICAL OFFICER 
Peltier, E., major Renaud, L. H., capt., A.M.C. 

PAYMASTER CHAPLAIN 

Grothe, T. C., hon. major Rosconi, Rev. C., hon. capt. 



CORPS RESERVE 2nd Battalion 

CAPTAINS (8) 
Aubry, \V. J. C. Poliquin, E. L. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 
Barnabe, J. E. 




85th Regiment 



The 85th Regiment was founded by Lieut. -Colonel Julien 
Brosseau in 1880. It was called to arms during the North-West 
Rebellion, and not a single officer was absent at the first summons. 

Its strength has recently been raised to 547 non-commissioned 
officers and men, making it the largest rural regiment in the 
Province of Quebec. It sent 250 men and six officers to the present 
war with the First Contingent, and six officers and a large number 
of men joined the Regiment Royal Canadien-Francais, now at 
St. Johns, Que. More than 150 men have been enrolled for the 
Second Contingent battalions in this city. 

Past commanders of the Regiment have been: Lieut. -Colonel 
J. Brosseau, Lieut. -Colonel A. D. Aubry, Lieut. -Colonel J. P. A. 
Des Trois-Maisons, Lieut. -Colonel A. T. Patterson and Lieut. - 
Colonel Tancrede Pagnuelo. 



OFFICERS 



Capt. Henry McDonald 
Capt. Victor Lemieux 
Capt. Hercule Lefebvre 



Lieut. Chas. Aug. Brosseau 
Lieut. Maurice Scott 
Lieut. Lucien Lacrois 



N.C.O's AND MEN 



U. 



Auger, F. 
Ash worth, J. 
Audette, A. 
Adler, M. J. 
Afri, A. 
Ayotte, A. 
Adam, G. 
Andrew, W. G. 
Boucher, A. 
Bertrand, O. 
Brisebois, G. 
Bisonnette, E. 
Brennan, J. 
Bohey, R. 
Bourque, E. 
Beauchamp, Chas. 
Beaupain, Y. 
Beaudry, L. P. 
Blaxall, J. 
Blumenstein, J. 



Beaulieu, R. 


Cook, Thos. 


Blouin, Jos. Thos. 


Carrieres, Jos. 


Berthelet, Ov. 


Codresco, R. 


Belanger, Art. 


Chevalier, A. 


Baron, Ls. 


Clifford, T. 


Bernier, Hector 


Rousseau, C. 


Belanger, A. 


Charrette, C. 


Belanger, W. 


Couture, E. 


Bourbonnais, E. 


Chalifoux, H. 


Binet, E. 


Courcil, Leo. 


Berard, A. 


Charbonneau, E. 


Benoit, A. 


Craig, A. 


Bourque, J. 


Chapman, E. 


Bertrand, Chas. 


Chamberland, P. 


Baker, E. 


Cantin, P. 


Berard, Delphis 


Castonguay, F. 


Blondin, Albert 


Clement, W. 


Blondin, dit Fortin A. 


Daigneault, H. 


Beaulieu, Jules 


Derian, Geo. 


Clarke, E. 


Dolan, F. 



4 6 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Dechautal, E. 
Dutrisac, A. 
Daoust, R. 
Daniel, D. 
Decarie, Geo. 
Dompierre, A. 
Deschambeault, H. 
Dormolin, G. H. 
Dupras, J. 
DeGrave, E. 
Dejcus, A. 
Delaet, A. 
Duhamel, T. 
Duchesne, P. 
Daujou, R. 
Desjardins, S. 
Dutillien, P. M. 
Deslauriers, Geo. 
Durocher, O. 
Duseigne, A. 
Desy, E. 
Dastoux, J. 
Daucause, T. 
Dupuis, H. 
Duboi?, P. 
Emond, A. 
Emond, P. 
Fricque, Ls. 
Frerot, F. 
Ford, Thos. 
Frangueille, L. 
Falardeau, O. 
Forget, P. 
Fournier, E. 
Gallon, J. 
Griffiths, J. 
Giroux, R. 
Gastonguay, F. 
Girard, M." 
Gagne, Emile 
Graham, E. 
Gauthier, A. 
Girard, H. 
Gagnc, Eug. 
( ireen, Geo. 
Globite, T. 
( ioulding, Gco. 
( ioulding, Harry 
( ilidden, ( ico. 
Guinard, A. 
Harrison, G. 
H chert, A. 
Holback, Eric. 
Hildcbcrt, L. A. 
\ lodgson, Thos. 
Ikman, F. 
Johnson, J. 
Jennings, C. 
Jacob, Jos. 
Jubinville, H. 
Lamoureux, H. 
Lesperance, E. 



Laviolette, D. 
Lavalliere, J. 
La verdure, E. 
Lymburner, A. 
Lefebvre, Adelard 
Lemay, E. 
Laferriere, J. D. 
Lachat, Ernest 
Lejeune, Chas. 
Lebrun, W. 
Langlais, Gr. 
Lemay, Alfred 
Levesque, Chas. 
Laverdure, Jos. 
Lemieux, Henri 
Lagacee, E. 
Lemay, F. 
Lachapelle, H. 
Lavoie, P. 
Lefebvre, A. 
Lescouarnec, X. 
Lavoie, W. 
Logeot, A. 
Miller, J. 
M on vet, L. 
Miles, F. 
Miuchin, R. 
Moran, Thos. 
Methot, Art. 
Miller, Jos. 
Mailhot, Art. 
Morrison, F. 
Mitchell, H. 
Mitchell, Geo. 
Masse, F. 
Montagnon, A. 
Mansfield, Jos. 
Meunicr, Art. 
Maranda, Ed. 
Miller, Jos. 
Mainville, Alt'. 
Mercicr, George 
Marquis, O. 
Marcoux, A. 
Murphy, W. 
Martineau, A. 
McDonald, Jas. 
McDonough, P. 
McGuire, Jos. 
McDonald, D. P. 
Xadeau, Ls. 
Xolan, S. 
Normandin, L. 
Xormandin, C. 
Xadon, Adrien 
Xadon, Donat 
Ouellcttc, O. 
Plantc, E. 
Peloquin, f. 
Picotte, Henri 
Paquette, Alb. 
Pineault, Alf. 



Pepin, Donat 
Pecik, J. 
Parent, R. 
Poirier, Nap. 
Quantin, Frs. J. 
Riopel, Zeph. 
Ryan, Chas. 
Rogers, Sam. 
Robidoux, Paul 
Russell, Edward 
Rivard, W. 
Robertson, H. P. 
Ryan, Jas. 
Rousseau, C. 
Robert, A. 
Roland, J. 
Rigole, O. 
Russell, James 
Racine, M. 
Rochon, A. 
Sauvage, P. 
St. Germain, A. 
Sicard, H. 
Sanderson, H. 
Sadowiski, V 
Schellenck, C. 
Stewart, Flor. 
Staff ron, L. 
Seed, E. R. 
Saporite, A. 
Spokeman, W. 
Smith, A. 
Senecal, H. 
St. Denis, Geo. 
Somelian, M. 
Sirkisen, Sol. 
Scollard, Wm. 
Turcotte, Alb. 
Tremblay, A. 
Theodesiau, P. 
Trepanier, A. 
Taylor, J. 
Talbot, E. 
Trepanier, A. 
Trottier, I. 
Tobin, E. 
Vilaudry, Theo. 
Van Brabant, F. 
Vallieres, Art. 
Vallee, Eug. 
Van Reeth, M. 
Vallee, Ernest 
Williams, Geo. 
Waselash, John 
Wilson, Alex. 
Wing, Ernest 
Wistaff, Wm. 
Youngblert, E. N. 
Young, John 
Young, Wm. 
Zebransky, Nich. 




SIR H. MONTAGU ALLAN 
Royal Highlanders, Honorary Colonel. 



LIEUT.-COL. A. F. GAULT 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



LT.-COL. F. 0. W. LOOM IS 
Royal Highlanders, 

Active Service 

CAPT. W. BOVEY 
Adjutant, Royal Highlanders. 



MAJOR D. R. McCUAIG 
Royal Highlanders, 

Active Service 



MAJOR V. C. BUCHANAN 
Royal Highlanders, 

Active Service 



CAPT. G. E. McCUAIG 
Royal Highlander, Active Service. 



MONTREAL HEAVY BRIGADE 

OFFICER COMMANDING 
Lieut.-Col. Lacey R. Johnson 

ADJUTANT QUARTERMASTER 

Major E. C Cole Major W. A. McGuinness 

VETERINARY OFFICER SERGT.- MAJOR 

Lt. A. W. Wood I. Kerr 



FIRST HEAVY BATTERY 

MAJOR 
A. W. Cole 

CAPTAIN 
R. Miller 

LIEUTENANTS 

L. Apedaile Howard 

R. Plimsoll Bryce 

F. Peacock 



SECOND HE A VY BA TTER Y 

MAJOR 
J. H. Davidson 

CAPTAIN 
C. H. Skelton 

LIEUTENANTS 

C. A. Ward R. Lyman 

R. E. Johnson Harte 

Sparrow 



SIEGE COMPANY 

MAJOR 
W. E. Lyman 

LIEUTENANTS 

H. Lamb A. L. Johnson 

R. Steel 



Montreal Heavy Brigade, 
Canadian Artillery 

The Montreal Heavy Brigade was known for many years as 
the Montreal Garrison Artillery, and is really one of the oldest 
military organizations in Canada, for, although the Militia List 
shows it as organized on the 27th November, 1856, the records 
of the Brigade show it as organized in 1812; in fact the Montreal 
Star, in its issue of November the 5th, 1887, states that "An old 
Garrison Artillery Corps, which had been allowed to collapse, was 
re-organized during the Rebellion of 1837 under the command of 
Major John Bolton." 

Major Wickstead, late of the Post Office Department, Ottawa, 
was in 1845 appointed 2nd Captain in the Montreal Regiment of 
Artillery, and in 1857, was appointed 1st Captain. (Ottawa 
Journal, August 1887.) This officer was in command of a detach- 
ment of the Brigade quartered on Isle-aux-Noix, in 1870 (Fenian 
Raid). 

Lieutenant-Colonel Lyman commanded the Brigade in 1865. 

April nth, 1865. Lieut.-Colonel A. De Salaberry, D.A.G., 
conveyed the thanks of the Commander-in-Chief to Lieut.-Colonel 
Lyman for the offer of the Brigade for Frontier Service, "but 
that other corps were selected for the duty." 

March 8th, 1866. The Brigade called out for active service 
to repel a Fenian invasion, and on the 10th of same month, a 
Battery, under the command of Captain Cole (afterwards Major 
and Paymaster), was sent to Stanstead for garrison duty, and this 
officer was relieved by Captain Dowker on the 19th of same month. 

April I4th, 1866. Capt. D. Brown's "Foot Company of 
Artillery" was incorporated with the Brigade, and ordered "to 
be placed on the left flank." 

April 24th, 1866. The Militia ordered from the Frontier 
and thanked by Major-General Lindsay, and on the same date 
Lieut.-Colonel Lyman issued a Brigade Order, thanking the 
Battery, which had been quartered at Stanstead, for its good con- 
duct, "there being not a single complaint from the officer com- 
manding at the place." 




HON. ROBERT MACKAY 
Royal Highlanders, Hon. Colonel. 



LIEUT.-COL. G. S. CANTL1E 
Royal Highlanders. 



LIEUT.-COL. J. G. ROSS 
Royal Highlanders 



SURG.-MAJOR. E. R. BROWN 

MAJOR E. C. NORSWORTHY Roya , Highlanders, Active Service. MAJOR PEERS DAVIDSON 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. Royal Highlanders. 



MONTREAL HEAVY BRIGADE 51 

June ist, 1866. The Fenians having again threatened an 
invasion, a detachment, consisting of two Captains (Hobbs, 
No. 3 Battery, and D. Brown, No. 8 Battery), four lieutenants, 
non-commissioned officers and men, was sent to Fort Lennox, and 
on the 3rd of the same month, the whole of the Corps in Montreal 
were ordered for active service. 

July 26th, 1866. Order issued by Lieut.-Colonel W. O. 
Smith, A.A.G., directs that certain men be transferred ta the 
Grand Trunk Railway Brigade. Total number 2 Sergeants, 
2 Corporals and 21 Gunners. 

March 2pth, 1867. Lieut.-Colonel Ferrier assumed command 
of the Brigade. 

August i6th, 1870, The Brigade numbered 350 officers, 
non-commissioned officers and men, according to a letter from 
Lieut.-Colonel H. McKay to Lieut.-Colonel T. Bacon, B.M. 

February loth, 1871. Lieut.-Colonel McKay assumed com- 
mand of the Brigade. 

November 15 th, 1875. The Brigade was ordered out in 
aid of the civil power for the funeral of Jos. Guibord, and on the 
17th same month Lieut.-Colonel T. Bacon, B.M., issued an order 
expressing thanks "for the zeal and esprit de corps that filled all 
ranks on this occasion." 

July 1 2th, 1877. The Brigade ordered out in aid of the civil 
power on account of the Orange Riots. 

October 1877. Lieut.-Colonel Fraser took command of the 
Brigade. 

June i8th, 1878. The Brigade ordered to furnish a guard for 
the Armory and Stores on St. Helen's Island, and on the 12th 
July, the Brigade was ordered out for active service in aid of the 
civil power (Hackett's funeral). 

October 7th, 1881. Lieut.-Colonel W. R. Oswald assumed 
command of the Brigade. 

May ist, 1885. The Brigade called out for active service in 
consequence of the N.W. Rebellion, and left Montreal by the 
C.P.R. on the llth, total strength 299, under the command of 
Lieut. -Col. W. R. Oswald, and arrived at Winnipeg on the 20th. 

May 26th, 1885. Left Winnipeg for Regina, N.W.T. 

July I4th, 1885. The Brigade left Regina, N.W.T., for 
Winnipeg, and on the 19th left the latter city for Montreal, and 
arrived there on the 24th. 



52 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

April 6th, 1888. Lieut.-Col. T. T. Turnbull assumed command 
of the Brigade. 

During the last few years the Brigade has undergone several 
changes in armament, organization and nomenclation, but its 
present organization and equipment is modern and up to date in 
every respect. There are two Heavy Field Batteries one being 
armed with four 4.7 guns and the other with four 60-pounders, 
each battery requiring six officers and 215 men, and 145 horses, 
together with 16 wagons to carry its equipment of technical 
instruments, tools, spare parts, etc., etc. A Siege Company, 
armed with 6 inch Howitzers, is also included in the Brigade, with 
three officers and 50 men. Siege work having to be extremely 
accurate requires the use of scientific instruments of great precision, 
and consequently the personnel, both officers and men, must be 
specially selected for their several duties. 

On the outbreak of the present European War, the Brigade 
had the honor of sending the Heavy Battery, armed with 60- 
pounders, with the first Canadian Division to help the Mother 
Country in her hour of need, and on the 29th August the O.C. 
the Brigade, Lieut. Col. Lacey R. Johnson, took the Battery of 4 
guns, 4 ammunition wagons, 250 horses, seven officers and 245 
non-commissioned officers and gunners by special train to Valcar- 
tier Camp. The officers of the Battery were Capt. G. E. Hall, 
Bt. Capt. W. Irving, Lieutenants J. A. Ryan, W. H. Robb, J. H. 
Reid, R. H. Harcourt, and Vet. Surgeon J. A. Gaudry. Major 
F. McGee and Paymaster Chown joined them at Valcartier. 
On the 30th September the Battery embarked on the "S.S. Corin- 
thian," and sailed from Quebec to join the ''Canadian Armada" 
for their voyage across the Atlantic, completely equipped in every 
respect. 

Since sending the Heavy Battery to England, the other 
Batteries of the Brigade have been recruited to practically peace 
strength again, besides supplying one officer and 42 gunners for the 
Heavy Battery of the Second Contingent. 




COL. J. J. CREELMAN 
6th Brigade. Field Artillery 

Active Service. 

COL. JAMES COOPER 
Grenadier Guards. 

REV. CANON J. M. ALMOND 
Chap, 1st Contg. Active Service. 

MAJ. W. F. CLEAVER SULLIVAN 

Canadian Ordinance Corps, 

Headquarters Staff. 



MAJOR HAMILTON GAULT 

Founder, 
Princess Patricia Light Infantry, 

Active Service. 

LIEUT.-COL. W. J. STEWART 

Asst. Dir. Supplies and Transport. 

LIEUT.-COL. GEO. STARKE 

Commanding Canadian Officers' 

Training Corps, (McGill). 

Commanding Montreal Home Guard 

LT.-COL. LACY R. JOHNSTON 

Heavy Brigade 



LIEUT.-COL. FISHER 

Commanding 23rd Batt ., Westmount 

Rifles, Active Service. 

SIR RODOLPHE FORGET 
Hon. Col.. 65th Regiment. 

REV. A. P. SHATFORD 
Chaplain, 2nd Contingent. 

MAJOR G. E. HALL 
Heavy Brigade, Active Service. 



Cavalry Regiments 

Montreal is the headquarters of two cavalry regiments, the 
6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars and the 17th 
Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars (Argenteuil Rangers). 
With the exception of the "A" or Montreal Squadron of the latter, 
the men are chiefly drawn from the surrounding rural districts. 
Neither regiment enlisted any men through its own organization 
for European service, but a considerable number of both officers 
and men have gone to the front with other units. Both regiments 
have rendered important service in connection with patrol duty in 
the Province. At the outbreak of war the regimental organizations 
were as follows: 

6th DUKE OF CONNAUGHT'S ROYAL CANADIAN HUSSARS 

(At outbreak of war) 

4th Mounted Brigade 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organised G. O. 14 Nov. ,79) 

Regimental Headquarters Montreal, P.Q. 

Four Squadrons 

Squadron Headquarters 

A Squadron Covey Hill C Squadron Sabrevois 

B Squadron Clarenceville D Squadron Hemmingford 

LlEUT.-COLONEL MAJOR 

fSchneider, W. H. Long, J. 

MAJORS (4) 
Bissonnette, J. H. Hooker, L. McM. Cormack, V. Cookman, W. S. 

CAPTAINS (4) 
Reeb, T. A. A. Irving, T. L. Spearman, B. S. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 

Blair, A. A. Buchan, J. S. tSnider, B. K. K. 

Robert, F. Clarkson, E. R. Sharing, A. E. 

Shirley, C. E. Stevenson, G. H. A. McCrea, N. A. 

Hewson, C. W. Smeaton, J. L. Dean, C. 

Hannah, G. K. Jacobs, E. W. 

INSTRUCTOR OF MUSKETRY MEDICAL OFFICER 

Spearman, B. S., capt. Lauterman, M. 

VETERINARY OFFICER CHAPLAIN 

Derome, C. E., lieut., C.A.V.C. fAlmond, Rev Canon J. M., Hon. capt. 



CORPS RESERVE Reserve Regiment 

MAJORS (4) 

Shorey, F. C. Barr, T. F. 

Perry, J. Churchill, W. A. 

t Means previous active service. 



CAVALRY REGIMENTS 55 

6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars Continued 

CAPTAINS (4) 
Strachan, W. C. Adams, G. J. Sully, W. P. Gray, S. J. 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 
Cleland, C. A. 



17th DUKE OF YORK'S ROYAL CANADIAN HUSSARS 
(ARGENTEUIL RANGERS) 

(At outbreak of war) 
Divisional Mounted Troops 

4th Divisional Area 

(Organized 1 July, 97) 

Regimental Headquarters 'Montreal, P.Q. 

Four Squadrons 

Squadron Headquarters 

A Squadron Montreal B Squadron -Calumet 

C Squadron Lachute D Squadron -Morin Heights 

Honorary Lieut. -Colonel Perley, Hon. G H., M.P. 

LlEUT.-COLONEL MAJOR 

Riley, J. J. Seale, J. E. 

MAJORS (4) 
Date, W. E. Smith, S. E. 

CAPTAINS (4) 

Austin, F. C. Copeland, M. C. W. Gushing, D 

Nutter, A. G. Fergusson, G. H. Kerr, A. O 

LIEUTENANTS (16) 

Inglis, D. S. Cole, T. B. Bradford, R. D. 

MacFarlane, J. R. N. Terroux, L. Morrison, R. 

Dombville, E. Watchorn, W. Delacombe, A. St. A. 

Mitchell, C. G. Rodger, W. G. Dawson, W. H. 

White, J. B. MacLean, A. B. Todd, J. S. E. 

ADJUTANT INSTRUCTOR OF MUSKETRY 

Nutter, A. G., capt. Gushing, D., capt. 

SIGNALLING OFFICER QUARTERMASTER 

Mitchell, C. G. Reay, J. L., hon. lieut. 

MEDICAL OFFICER VETERINARY OFFICER 

Hutchinson, J. W., lieut., A.M.C. Patterson, J. H. 

CHAPLAIN 
Charters, Rev. H., hon. capt. 



CORPS RESERVE Reserve Regiment 
MAJORS (4) 
Guerin, T. 

CAPTAINS (4) LIEUTENANTS 

Domville, J. W. Savage, J. F. 

Kennedy, F. W. C. 




CAPT. A. C. SHAW 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service. 

LIEUT. A. M. FISHER 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. W. S. MACTIER 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. J. 0. HASTINGS 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



CAPT. R. H. JAMIESON 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. C. M. HORSEY 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. R. DE V. TERROUX 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

LIEUT. C. F. C. PORTEOUS 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service. 



CAPT. N. F. WALKER 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. C. H. CROWDY 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

CAPT. G. McCOMBE 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service. 

LIEUT. E. M. SELLEN 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



Canadian Army Service Corps 

No. 15 COMPANY OF MONTREAL ^ 
(RESERVE SUPPLY PARK WITH THE CANADIAN CONTINGENT) 

The Canadian Army Service Corps was organised on the first 
of July, 1901, by the present Officer Administering, the Director 
of Supplies and Transport, Colonel J. Lyons Biggar. The uniform 
is blue with white facings. The headquarters for the Corps are 
at Ottawa, and the Honorary Colonel is Sir Edward W. D. Ward, 
K.C.B., K.C.V.O., Under-Secretary of State for War, who is now 
and was during the Boer War Director of Transport and Supply 
for the entire British Army. He is considered as being one of the 
most efficient officers that Great Britain possesses. 

No. 15 Company of Montreal, now entitled the Reserve 
Supply Park, was organised on the first of April, 1910, with head- 
quarters at Montreal, and is part of the Canadian Army Service 
Corps, which is at the present time composed of twenty com- 
panies, with headquarters at various points throughout the 
Dominion. 

On the declaration of war, all the officers, all the non-com- 
missioned officers and practically all the men of this Company 
enlisted for Overseas Service. In its Overseas Service strength 
the Company contains a considerable number of men from other 
points than Montreal, owing to the fact that in order to bring it 
up to the required strength a number of Army Service men from 
other companies were drafted in. It is interesting to note that, 
while only about one thousand Army Service Corps men are 
required for Division, there were about three thousand men be- 
longing to this Corps, from various companies, in the Valcartier 
Camp; many who were enlisted as Army Service men were there- 
fore transferred to infantry regiments. 



5 8 THE CALL TO ARMS 

^_ 

The work of this Corps when in active service is of the highest 
importance, and requires men of experience, resource, courage 
and energy. Major H. A. Stewart, in a letter describing the 
operations of the British Army Service Corps in connection with 
the first British Expeditionary Force sent to the Continent, gives 
the following account of the work: 

Supplies of food and forage reach the base from oversea and 
are forwarded thence by rail to railhead. This railhead is some 
station on rail sufficiently advanced for motor transport to keep 
up communication between it and the troops, at the same time 
not so far advanced as to be nominally exposed to attack from the 
enemy. Railhead must be connected to the Army by good and 
suitable roads. 

At railhead supplies are off-loaded from the train on to motor 
lorries. These vehicles are organized with personnel and travelling 
workshops into formations designated Supply Columns. Each 
Supply Column is a separate and complete unit and there is one 
of these units for every division. 

The Supply Column for an Infantry Division consists of 38 
three-ton lorries, of which one is for postal services and 27 for the 
conveyance of one day's food and forage for 17,000 men and 
4,000 horses. The remaining ten lorries are for first aid and 
spare. 

The 27 Supply lorries are divided into four groups, three of 
4 lorries each and one of 15 lorries. The three groups of 4 are 
for the three infantry brigades in a Division, the remaining group 
is for all the mounted units of the Division, hence the disparity 
in numbers of lorries owing to the amount of forage to be carried. 

Each infantry brigade group is loaded as follows: 

1 lorry with bread; 1 with meat; 1 with groceries; and 1 
with oats. 

As soon as the Supply Column is loaded it makes its daily 
trip from railhead to rendezvous. This spot is fixed by Corps or 
Divisional Headquarters the previous night and is some central 
position well in rear of the troops it is supplying. As soon as the 
tactical situation admits, a refilling point is decided upon. To 
this point the Supply Column then advances from rendezvous 
and here it meets the horse-drawn vehicles of the Supply section 
of the train. Supplies are then transferred; on conclusion of this 
operation the Supply Column returns to railhead (which may or 
may not be the same station as on the previous day), and the 



ARMY SERVICE CORPS 



59 



Supply section of the train proceeds to the troops. This section 
is loaded as methodically as the Column, certain vehicles being 
ear-marked for particular regiments or batteries and each of these 
vehicles being loaded with certain commodities such as oats and 
biscuit on one vehicle and meat and groceries on another. 

The supply train wagons on arrival in the rear where troops 
are billeted, proceed direct to their own regiments or batteries 
and hand over their supplies, then returning empty to some 
central position in the billeting area, are parked for the remainder 
of the night. Next morning they proceed to the re-filling point 
and repeat the programme of the previous day. 

I have already said that the nominal system of forwarding 
supplies cannot always be adhered to. I will give a few instances. 
During the retirement from Mons, which commenced on the 24th 
of August, supplies were issued to the troops direct from the supply 
column, the medium of the train waggons not being employed. 
This was necessary for two reasons, firstly, because it was im- 
perative that all roads in rear of the fighting troops should be kept 
clear of slow moving horse-drawn vehicles, the train waggons 
being therefore kept 10 to 15 miles ahead of the retiring troops 
and were consequently not available. Secondly, the marches 
were so long and so continuous that the horses of the train were 
too exhausted to carry out their part of the programme. 

Again, during the battle of Mons, the supply column did not 
reach the main position occupied by the troops till 10 p.m. on 
the night of the 22nd. Some of the battalions were in very ad- 
vanced positions and it would have been impossible for horse- 
drawn vehicles to have refilled and then advanced to these forward 
pcsitions, emptied and returned to safety before daylight. The 
work had therefore of necessity to be entrusted to the lorries, 
one being guided to its destination in the outpost line without 
lights and with an officer lying on the roof, revolver in hand. 

The hours of work of the Army Service Corps have been long 
and arduous, the work itself very fatiguing and often dangerous. 
Twenty-two hours work out of twenty-four have been the rule 
rather than the exception, marching and loading by day, delivering 
to units by night. 

The Officers of the No. 15 Company of Montreal, at the 
outbreak of war, were Captain Charles Adams, Captain H. J. 
Heasley, Lieutenant C. H. Storer and Lieutenant E. J. Church, 
and all four enlisted for Overseas Service; since which time there 



6o 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



have been added Lieutenant W. J. Gerrard, Lieutenant K. L. 
Douglas (Veterinary Surgeon), Lieutenant H. E. MacDermott 
(Medical Officer), and Hon. Lieutenant B. C. Binks (Paymaster). 



Reserve Park with Canadian Contingent 

Officers and Men of Reserve Park, as at September 25, 1914: 



Captain Chas. Adams 
Captain H. J. Heasley 
Lieutenant J. C. H. Storer 
Lieutenant E. J. Church 



OFFICERS 



Lieutenant W. J. Gerrard 
Lieutenant K. L. Douglas 
Lieutenant H. E. MacDermott 
Hon. Lieutenant B. C. Binks 



Abbott, W. H. 
Adams, J. H. 
Allan, T. 
Allcock, F. 
Allan, W. 
Anderson, J. G. 
Armstrong, S. 
Augustyne, L. 
Bailey, W. 
Bairstow, W. \Y. 
Baker, H. H. 
Bate, E. 
Bates, J. 
Bennett, W. R. 
Biggs, H. 
Bissonnette, S. 
Blackeldge, R. 
Blackman, H. 
Bowie, F. E. 
Bricklebank, E. 
Briggs, P. 
Brown, A. 
Brown, J. 
Brown, John 
Brown, R. 
Brown, W. J. 
Brown, W. W. 
Buckenham, A. S. 
Buckley, J 
Burgess, F. 
Burnett, G. 
Byers, C. J. 
Canavan, J. 
Chamber, L. 
Chapman, E. 
Clermont, J. 
Cochrane, D. A. 



MEN 

Clithroe, R. 
Cole, C. 
Cole, D. H. 
Coneybeare, A. J. 
Cook, W. H. 
Coombes, F. 
Cook, F. 
Cooper, D. 
Copley, C. 
Corbett, J. J. 
Cordes, E. 
Corkhill, F. 
Cox, A. E. 
Craig, A. M. 
Crawford, J. H. 
Crawley, A. 
Crockett, W. 
Cross, D. 

Cunningham, D. C. 
Daley, H. C. 
Davis, A. W. 
Davis, A. 
Davis, J. 
Day, M. C. 
Deacon, C. G. 
Deardon, G. 
Decker, H. S. 
Devrent, R. 
Dixie, H. H. 
Dodds, W. C. 
Donaldson, W. A. 
Downes, W. H. 
Duncan, D. 
Edgar, G. 
Empson, W. L. 
Enticknap, A. 
Fage, E. L. 



Fairthorne, M. 
Farr, A. 
Farrance, P. H. 
Farrar, T. G. 
Faulkner, R. 
Ferguson, T. 
Fielder, H. A. 
Fielding, H. C. 
Findlay, F. 
Fisher, J. A. 
Flower, C. P. 
Forster, F. 
Fotherby, E. E. 
Fowler, F. 
Fox, M. W. 
Francis, J. W. 
Francis, R. 
Freestone, J. C. 
Gamble, J. 
Gates, H. C. 
Gear, E. F. 
Gerrish, J. 
Gotts, S. 
Graham, W. 
Grandison, G. 
Grant, H. J. 
Green, H. 
Green, H. P. 
Greenhalgh, D. 
Greenwall, J. 
Grice, W. 
Griffiths, G. A.. 
Gunn, D. S. 
Hackett, T. 
Hadrill, F. 
Haggas, W. C. 
Hall, E. 



ARMY SERVICE CORPS 



61 



Hall, T. A. D. 
Hamilton, F. S. 
Hankinson, G. 
Harley, A. 
Harris, A. 
Harris, G. A. 
Hawker, F. A. 
Hedges, J. A. 
Henault, L. 
Henderson, H. 
Hewitt, R. 
Hill, J. W. 
Holdsworth, F. C. 
Horner, V. 
Hough, Robt. 
Houle, J. H. 
Huggins, W. H. 
Hutchings, H. 
Jackling, J. H. 
Jackson, P. 

affray, J. 

agger, A. M. 

effrey, C. W. 

ohnsoa, J. H. 

ohnson, Wm. 

ones, D. W. 
Jones, H. 
Jones, P. 
King, A. 
Laval lee, A. 
Leavitt, A. E. 
Lee, A. E. 
Lees, Chas. 
Lemay, J. A. 
Lesperance, L. 
Leslie, Wm. 
Lewis, F. C. 
Liscombe, Chas. 
Livie, D. 
Little, H. S. 
Lofthouse, F. 
Lord, J. H. 
McAnulty, C. 
McBride, Thos. 
McCarthy, B. A. 
McCarthy, L. J. 
MacDonald, J. A. 
Mclntyre, C. E. 
MacKenzie, A. 
MacLachlan, A. J. 
McKeown, B. 
McMurray, Wm. 
McLearon, A. 
McLeod, T. 
McRae, P. 
Mallette, E. 



Marlatt, D. G. L. 
Marrison, F. R. 
Marshall, L. L. 
Martin, J. T. 
Maxwell, C. H. 
Mayer, J. A. 
Mayne, C. R. T. 
Meech, F. 
Melvin, J. 
Minifie, J. H. 
Minifie, J. T. 
Mitchell, W. A. 
Mitchell, V. W. 
Morgan, A. 
Moxham, N. V. 
Nash, Thos. 
Neame, W. F. 
Nickson, R. 
Noel, R. 
Nutt, Wm. 
Palmer, G. H. 
Pankhurst, A. W. 
Patterson, Jas. 
Peat, A. 
Perrot, O. C. 
Phillips, R. 
Pickering, Wm. 
Pike, W. H. 
Porter, R. H. 
Prendergast, D. 
Preston, S. 
Price, A. 
Proctor, J. F. 
Pyke, P. 
Ramsay, W. H. 
Randell, A. E. 
Reed, E. E. 
Redfern, J. 
Reed, F. A. 
Reddy, F. 
Regan, C. 
Reid, H. A. 
Rheaume, D. 
Riley, H. A. 
Ritchie, A. 
Rose, W. 
Roux, P. 
Russell, H. 
Swartz, J. 
Scott, J. 
Saunders, J. 
Scott, H. 
Sellen, L. E. 
Sharkey, G. 
Sharpies, J. 
Sims, E. 



utn, ueo. 
lith, Jas. 
lith, J. H. 
lith, S. 



Slack, W. S. 
Slavin, F. A. 
Smith, A. 
Smith, Geo 
Smith, 
Smith 
Smith 
Snelling, F. 
Snoddy, Wm. 
Spencer, A. 
Sproule, S. M. 
Spruce, E. P. 
Stanley, C. F. 
Stead, Geo. 
Stephenson, W. S 
Sticht, J. H. 
Sullivan, F. 
Sullivan, O. 
Swatman, B. 
Tavner, J. 
Taylor, J. 
Teskey, T. S. 
Tessier, R. 
Thornton, Geo. 
Tomlinson, T. 
Tranter, C. T. 
Totten, P. 
Turrell, T. 
Upton, P. H. 
Vigor, A. 
Wade, W. 
Wakelin, E. D. 
Walker, C. W. 
Walker, D. K. 
Waller, H. 
Walter, F. 
Watts, S. J. 
Waters, P. 
Waterton, J. H. 
Way, C. 
Wearne, W. F. 
Wehrle, C. 
West, G. V. 
Wheeler, J. H. 
Whimp, W. 
White, H. 
Whimp, G. J. 
White, S. 
White, T. 
Whitcombe, A 



C. 



Williams, J. 
Williams, H. R. 
Wilson, J. S. 
Wilson, S. W. 
Yates, W. 




CAPT. P. R. HANSON 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

LIEUT. T. WILLIAMS-TAYLOR 

A.D.C. to Lieut.-General Alderson, 

Officer Commanding Canadian 

Expeditionary Force. 

Active Service. 

LIEUT. J. H. RICHARDSON 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

LIEUT. G. M. WILLIAMSON 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 



MAJOR E. G. HANSON 
Field Artillery, Active Service. 

LIEUT. M. GREENSHIELDS 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. F. C. STEPHENS 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. F. S. MOLSON 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



CAPT. T. S. MORRISEY 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

CHAS. G. GREENSHIELDS 

Serving in French Foreign Legion 

Active Service. 

MAJOR R. P. CAMPBELL 
O. C. No 5 Field Ambulance 

Active Service. 

CAPT. W. CLARK KENNEDY 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



Corps of Guides 



For the first time in the history of the Corps of Guides a 
mounted company was trained this year Originally it was an 
officers' Corps only. 

The progress made by this company at the Three Rivers 
camp was the cause of very favorable comment, but little did any 
of the men realize that within a few months they would be attached 
to the regular cavalry and be on active service. 

The training was carried on under the supervision of Lt.-Col. 
H. R. Lordly, Capt. C. A. Palmer, and Lieut. Bartington. 

A mounted company of Guides consists of about forty men 
and it is to the credit of the Guides of Montreal that they sent a 
full complement on the first Overseas Contingent. 

There is no provision for a Guides' unit in a British Division, 
and to overcome this technical obstruction it was necessary to 
attach the Guides to a mounted corps. Lt.-Col. Lordly claimed 
that his men were competent to take their place in the ranks of 
the regular cavalry. Individual tests of horsemanship were given 
at Valcartier, and as a result the Royal Canadian Dragoons and 
the Strathcona Horse took on their strength many of the Guides, 
while others were attached to officers of the headquarters staff 
as orderlies, the latter being men capable of finding their way by 
the aid of maps, in any country, and of particular value on active 
service. 

The list of men accompanying the Overseas Contingent 
from the Corps of Guides, Montreal, is given below, and there is 
reason to believe that many were at the front long before the in- 
fantry or other units : 

Name Unit Attached 

Anderson, Septimus Lisle Lord Strathcona Horse. 

Allan, George William, Corp Royal Canadian Dragoons. 

Barker, George Alfred, Guide Batman to Major Dickson, Hd. Qrs. S. 

Bradley, Geo. A., Guide Caterer to Hd. Qrs. 

Brown, Fredrick Arthur, Guide Royal Canadian Dragoons. 

Donald, John Milne, Guide Royal Canadian Dragoons. 

Garvan, Michael, Guide Batman to Lt.-Col. Lamb, C. of G. 

Grant, Charles Samuel, Guide Batman to Lt. Sifton, C. of G. 



6 4 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Name 
Hodgson, Clayton McDonald, Guide. 

Howe, Thomas, Guide 

Highfield, Eyre, Guide 

Harris, Richard Irwin, Guide 

King, Edward Alfred, Sergt 

Marshall, Thomas Granger, Guide. . . 
Mitchell, William, Guide . . . 

McCallum, Rupert, Guide 

MacDonald, Ronald Joseph, Guide . . 

MacDonnel, James, Guide 

Matthey, George Augustus, Guide. . . 

Marryatt, Gerald, Guide 

Martin, Andrew Brown, Guide 

Pym, John Scarlett, Sergt 

Reid, Andrew, Guide 

Salvador, Fred., Guide 

Storey, William R., Guide 

Stanford, Walter, Guide 

Thomas, Mauris, Guide 

Vance, Albert George, Guide 

Wodehouse, Alfred Percy, Guide. . . . 

Whittle, Arthur Charles, Sergt 

Tyner, H. R., Sergt 

Lighthall, Wm. S., Corp 

Dansereau, Lucien, Lieut 



Unit Attached 
. Lord Strathcona Horse. 
. Batman to Lt.-Col. Lamb, C. of G. 
. Batman to Major Mitchell, C. of G. 
. Lord Strathcona Horse. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. First Brigade, Mounted Police. 
.Batman to Major Mitchell, C. of G. 
. Batman to Major de Kam, C. of G. 
. Batman to Capt. Armstrong, Hd. Qrs. S. 
.Lord Strathcona Horse. 
.2nd Field Coy., Canadian Engineers. 
.Batman to Lieut. Green, Hd. Qrs. S. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Divisional Signallers. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Lord Strathcona Horse. 
. Lord Strathcona Horse. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Royal Canadian Dragoons. 
. Unit not known. 






No. 5 Field Ambulance 



No. 5, Field Ambulance, is an off-shoot of No. 3, Bearer Co., 
which was organized by Lieut. -Col. H. S. Birkett, in 1900. Its 
first Commanding Officer was Lieut. -Col. K. Cameron. 

Commissioned Officers on date of outbreak of present war: 

Major R. P. Campbell, M.D. Lt. J. Guy Johnson, M.D. 

Capt. F. S. Patch, M.D. Lt. H. S. McDermott, M.D. 

Capt. Geo. Shanks, M.D. Lt. C. H. Robson, M.D. 

Capt. J. J. Ower, M.D. Lt. A. W. N. Ellis, M.D. 

Lt. R. E. Powell, M.D. Lt. H. E. Gumming, M.D. 

Hon. Lt. J. S. Common Sergt. Maj. D. M. Murphy, W.O. 
Lt. G. S. Ramsay, M.D. 

Of the above, the following were enlisted for Overseas Service: 

Major R. P. Campbell, M.D. Lt. C. H. Robson, M.D. 

Capt. Geo. Shanks, M.D. Lt. A. W. N. Ellis, M.D. 

Lt. G. S. Ramsay, M.D. Lt. H. E. Gumming, M.D. 

Lt. J. Guy Johnson, M.D. Sergt. Maj. D. M. Murphy, W.O. 

Lt. H. S. McDermott, M.D. 

In addition to the above Officers, 231 Non-Commissioned 
Officers and Men were enlisted for Overseas Service. Unfortunately, 
the unit was not permitte 1 to proceed overseas as a unit, but the 
Officers, N.C.O's. and Men -re divided between No. 1 General 
Hospital, No. 1 Stationary Hospital and No. 1 Field Ambulance. 
The bulk of the Officers, including Major Campbell, and Non- 
Commissioned Officers, are with .he No. 1 General Hospital. 




CAPT. A. G. CAMERON 

Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. W. K. KNUBLEY 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

CAPT. G. G. MITCHELL 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

CAPT. K. M. PERRY 

Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



MAJOR L.G deTONNANCOURT 
65th Regiment 

LIEUT. S. GRANT 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service. 

CAPT. R. STEACIE 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

CAPT. F. D. B. LARKEN 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 



CAPT. F. W. WHITEHEAD 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

LIEUT. A. S. ENGLISH 
Grenadier Guards, Active Service. 

LIEUT. H. D. IVES 
Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 

CAPT. G. D. McGIBBON 

Royal Highlanders, Active Service. 



Canadian Army Veterinary Corps 

The Canadian Army Veterinary Corps was mobilized about the 
middle of October, 1914, by Lieut.-Col. M. A. Piche, Montreal, 
under orders from the Dominion Government, and sailed for 
England on November 10th, 1914. The corps consists of 230 men 
under four officers, and includes Veterinary Surgeons and qualified 
dressers. 

It is understood that this corps will be attached to the First 
Canadian Contingent, and will form a Hospital behind the firing 
line where all wounded animals will receive attention. All the men, 
with the exception of thirty from Sherbrooke, are Montrealers. 

No. 3 Section C.A.V.C. 

CAPTAIN 
T. C. Evans, C.A.V.C., Officer Commanding 

LIEUTENANT STAFF SERGEANT 

J. J. McCarrey, C.A.V.C. Shirt, A. J. 

SERGEANTS CORPORALS 

Moores, W. Smith, W. Sullivan, J. Hurst, A. G. 

Buttling, W. J. White, O. C. Feeley, J. Wenham, W. 

Kenner, H. B. Vosburgh, G. Cave, C. A. 

TROOPERS 

Anderson, T. Cutts, A. G. Harbury, C. 

Achton, F. G. Creasey, A. J. Hennimgsen, C. 

Atkinson, G. Collins, T. Hill, A. 

Bates, B. Clark, F. Huestis, R. R. 

Bilot, A. Casey, J. A. Insall, B. A. 

Burden, G. Doughty, F. Jupp, G. 

Beer, T. Dodds, W. Kendall, H. G. 

Biscoe, C. H. David, G. A. Kernan, A. 

Bottomley, T. H. Elder, T. G. Kilpin, W. E. 

Burn, J. Escott, B. Larkin, G. 

Brownrigg, W. A. Fall, F. Leeds, Chas. 

Cheval, M. T. Fritzsimmons, M. McBeth, N. 

Champion, Jos. Fredette, G. McClintock, R. 

Clisdell, J. Gales, J. S. McDonagh, A. G. 

Coveyduck, A. George, N. Macpherson, G. 

Cox, H. George, W. Millicent, T. J. 

Crossley, H. Grahame, H. Merritt, A. J. 

Clark, W. H. Graham, J. A. Mcllroy, J. 

Clark, T. O. Green, G. E. McLaurin, N. 

Cross, Tames Hamilton, R. I. Miller, J. W. 

Croft, E. F. Hancock, R. H. Millington, E. 



68 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Mole, U. 
Moore, J. 
Murray, A. T. 
Nickle, J. 
Norton, W. 
Noury, A. 
O'Keefe, J. 
O'Malley, C. 
Papinie, P. 
Perkins, W. E. 
Pilot, J. 
Poole, F. 
Pritchard, T. 



Pynn, J. 
Reddy, A. E. 
Richardson, J. 
Ricketts, A. 
Russell, G. R. 
Scheiding, R. 
Sheridan, W. R. 
Shaw, A. W. 
Stark, A. C. 
Stames, J. A. 
Stewart, Jas. 
Sweet, J. 
Taylor, J. F. A. 



Trapnell, D. 
Tuggey, H. A. 
Upwood, S. 
Vance, J. 
Wallace, R. 
Wallace, R. A. B. 
Webster, J. 
Watley, E. 
Wilson, C. 
Wilson, J. 
Wooster, W. J. 
Young, Thos. 
Young, R. 



No. 4 Section-C.A.V.C. 

CAPTAIN 
F. A. Daignault, C.A.V.C., Officer Commanding 



LIEUTENANT 




STAFF SERGEANT 


L. Grignon, C.A.V.C. 


Foster, H. 


SERGEANTS 




CORPORALS 


Cotton, J. Gosselin, J. E. 


Stevens, J. R. Hyatt, M. 


Turner, S. R. J. Akerman, A. 


Turner, J. B. Bennett, G. 


Hay, J. 




Threffall, M. S. Kendall, F. 




TROOPERS 




Attewell, A. J. 


Gauthier, U. 


Pallett, A. 


Attewell, G. 


Gaves, L. 


Poulton, A. 


Barton, W. 


Hull, R. H. 


Pearce, W. R. 


Brown, W. 


Harburt, G. 


Pavey, H. 


Brereton, T. 


Hackett, J. 


Plunkett, A. 


Duller, W. 


Jones, A. R. 


McDonald, E. G. 


Beecher, G. 


Harrison, H. 


Phillips, J. 


Blencowe, B. 


Humble, E. A. 


Pepper, E. J. 


Bradburn, R. M. 


Hatfield, E. J. 


Stratton, W. F. 


Baynham, E. C. 


Jutrand, E. 


(Corp. S.S.} 


Biggs, J. 


Keir, A. 


Richardson, J. 


Charvin, F. 


Lapierre, A. 


Rioux, E. 


Couture, E. 


Lovell, F. 


Scrivener, G. 


Cordonniere, J. 


Lessard, W. 


Scott, W. 


Dennis, A. 


Lebrit, A. 


Shaw, G. 


Durand, S. T. 


Leahy, P. 


Perkins, E. F. 


Dunkley, W. 


Laviolette, O. 


Stewart, A. 


Dugmore, W. H. 


Murphy, T. 


Tournour, R. 


Doust, T. S. 


Drysdale, G. 


Vier, R. 


Durand, J. 


Machan, W. C. 


Val-de-Ver, A. 


Duperrault, V. 


Murphy, F. 


Wallace, D. 


Ellis, A. 


Myers, Ed. 


Gill, E. 


Edridge, G. 


Madden, J. J. 


Walker, P. G. 


Erskine, J. 


Mills, J. 


Wales, C. A. 


Flynn, D. 


Menard, C. 


Winwood, A. 


Fowler, T. 


Martin, E. 


Williams, H. H. 


Gatenby, W. 


Morton, E. 


Valiquette, G. 


Greenhough, J. 


Meloche, J. 


Gauthier, F. T. 


Goldsmith, J. B. 


Montgomery, G. 


Austin, Joseph 


Guinan, J. 


Mead, D. 


Hayes, C. J. 


Gibbs, J. L. 


McCall, G. 


O'Rourke, P. 


Glendeven, J. A. 


McDonald, A. 


Donaldson, C. 


Geary, E. 


McDonald, H. 


Baker, W. 


Gore, A. J. 


Nockle, J. 





Princess Patricia's 
Canadian Light Infantry 

The Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, while not a 
Montreal regiment, having been recruited at a number of points 
throughout the Dominion, contains a large number of Montreal 
men and may be said to belong to this city in a peculiar sense 
inasmuch as it owes its very existence to the generosity and energy 
of a patriotic Montrealer. 

In the very first week of the war Captain Hamilton Gault, a 
wealthy young merchant in Montreal, who had served the Empire 
with distinction on the fields of South Africa thirteen years before, 
made an offer to the Canadian Government to equip and maintain 
a battalion of light infantry, to the extent of one hundred thousand 
dollars. The offer was accepted by the Privy Council and ap- 
proved by the Governor-General on August 14, and permission was 
granted to name the battalion after the Princess, who had captured 
all Canadian hearts during her residence at Rideau Hall. The 
battalion was composed entirely of men with previous service 
records, and was an extremely high-class body of fighters. Captain 
Gault is himself among the officers. The battalion sailed for 
England in company with the First Contingent. Following are 
the names of those who joined in Montreal, and the complete list 
of officers: 

LlEUT.-COL. 

F. D. Farquhar, D.S.O. 

MAJOR ADJUTANT 

A. H. Gault H. C. Buller (Captain) 

QUARTERMASTER 
C. A. Wake (Hon. Lieut.) 

MAJORS 

J. W. H. McKinery J. D. H. Shaw 

C. Q. Court R. T. Pelly 

CAPTAINS 

J. S Ward A. S. A. M. Adamson 

C. F. Smith D. O. C. Newton 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



F. Fitzgerald 
J. L. Carr 

D. E. Cameron 

E. L. Christie 
P. V. Cornish 
D. F. B. Gray 
C. E. Crabbe 
S. L. Jones 

W. G. Colquohoun 
C. H. Price 



LIEUTENANTS 

J. P. French 

F. F. Minchin 

B. F. Bainsmith 
H. W. Niven 
M. S. DeBay 

C. J. T. Stewart 
H. E. Sullivan 
T. M. Papineau 

G, H. Bennett 

F. L. Eardley-Wilmot 



MEN ENROLLED IN MONTREAL 



Samuel, R. A. 
Shuter, Hugh 
White, Geo. E. 
Cameron, A. F. 
McKenzie, Hugh 
King, Wm. 
Kerr, Thos. 
Sanders, F. C. 
Laing, Robt. 
Monser, Geo. E. 
Penswick, Edward 
Williams, Fred. A. 
Young, Edwin 
Goodwin, A. B. 
Ager, Mordant 
Cooper, Frank 
Chapman, Percy 
Chess, Chas. H. 
Dickie, John 
Harfleet, J. T. 
Duchesney, Antoine' 
Bain, Jas. Wm. 
Fortier, Ernest 
Tomlins, Albert 
Appleton, Cedric 
Triggs, Guy 



Haggard, Rider Lancelot 

Stuart, H. J. 

Fuller, L. 

Higgins, Wm. 

Palmer, A. 

Heddick, L. 

Jaggs, M. 

Garvey, P. 

White, H. E. 

Clarson, Alex. 

Lowe, Wm. 

Whitten, Geo. W. 

Conway, John 

Thomas, C. D. 

Keates, A. A. 

Devolpi, B. P. W. 

Johnson, T. S. 

Krammer, Geo. 

Lang, A. 

Bishop, A. 

Mangin, H. R. F. 

Howling, H. 

Hodgson, Jas. S. 

Leach, F. 

Reynolds, Fred. 

Harris, John 



Galbraith, Wm. H. 
Deforge, A. 
Leach, P. W. 
Lover, Henry 
Chubb, R. N. 
Pitcher, C. O. 
Percy, Geo. 
White, J. N. 
Stephens, W. J. 
Adams, Jos. 
Bell, John 
Gibb, H. A. 
Gould, Fred. 
Venables, Herbert 
Peacock, Chas. 
Harvey, Fred. 
Logue, Robt. 
Mason, Ed. 
Turner, John B. 
Bithell, John Chas. 
Loyd, John Wm. 
Mcrae, Colin J. 
Kelly, Thomas 
Appleton, Raymond J. 




CAPT. H. L. PAVEY, M.O. 
Victoria Rifles 

LIEUT. M J. O'BRIEN-TWOHIG 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service 



MAJOR E. PELTIER 
65th Regiment 

LIEUT. W. H. DRAPER 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service 



CAPT. H. E. ARCHAMBAULT 
65th Regiment Adjutant 

LIEUT. W. D. ADAMS 
Victoria Rifles, Active Service: 



LIEUT. C. N. McCUAIG LIEUT. J. C. K. CARSON LIEUT. C. B. PITBLADO 

Royal Highlanders, Active Service Grenadier Guards, Active Service Royal Highlanders, Active Service 



CAPT. W. E. NELSON, M.O. 
Grenadier Guards 



LIEUT. J. A. RYAN 
Montreal Heavy Brigade 

Active Service 



LIEUT. W. H. ROBB 

Montreal Heavy Brigade 

Active Service 




LIEUT.-COL. F. A. de L. GASCOIGNE 
Commanding Victoria Rifles. 



LIEUT.-COL. JOHN A. GUNN 
Commanding 24th Battalion Victoria Rifles 
Active Scrcice. 

LIEUT.-COL. W. W. BURLAND 
Late Officer Commanding Victoria Rifles 

Active Service. 

MAJOR W. B. EVANS MAJOR H. B. YATES. M.O. 

Victoria Rifles Victoria Rifles, Active Service. 



The Westmount Rifles 

The origin of the Westmount Rifles is credited to three young members ot 
the Westmount Branch of the Y.M.C.A., who, after the departure of the 21st 
Field Battery for active service, deplored the fact that Montreal's beautiful 
suburban city was left without representation of any sort or kind in the military 
preparations going on throughout the Dominion. Patriotic young Westmount, 
if it wanted to keep up with the times, must perforce join one of the militia 
corps having headquarters in the City of Montreal a decidedly objectionable 
feature to patriotic young Westmount. 

The readiest solution to the situation, since there seemed no immediate 
prospect of the Militia Department establishing a regiment with headquarters 
in Westmount, was the raising of an independent corps for the city. Mayor 
McKergow was approached and Lieut. Col. Frank Fisher, commanding the 
Victoria Rifles and later gazetted colonel of the 23rd Battalion for Overseas 
Service, was interviewed. The upshot of these preliminary efforts was the 
calling of a muster of volunteers, residents of the City of Westmount, for re- 
cruiting purposes. A fair number responded to the first call, and once the move- 
ment had been given a start volunteers came forward in such large numbers 
that within two weeks from the inauguration of the movement the Westmount 
Rifles became an established fact with a strength of upwards of five hundred 
men. Lieut. -Col. Fisher took command. Failing at first to obtain the official 
recognition of the Militia Department, the question of equipment became a 
lively issue. Westmount having put its hand to the plough, however, never 
looks back. Through the initiative and energy of Aid. W. G. M. Shepherd a 
Patriotic Concert was organised, the proceeds of which were to be devoted to the 
equipment fund. A number of artists volunteered their services for the concert, 
and an energetic campaign in connection with the sale of tickets resulted in a 
very substantial sum being placed at the credit of the fund. 

After that the Westmount Rifles prospered. When volunteers for the 
Second Contingent for Overseas Service were called for, the Rifles were able to 
send no fewer than two hundred men to the 23rd Battalion, which Lieut. -Col. 
Fisher had in the meantime been appointed to command. 

The drills, in the first place, were started at Victoria Hall. On November 
1st arrangements were made with the Mount Royal Stables, and the head- 
quarters are now No. 1 Hillside Avenue, Westmount. Six targets have been 
installed in the basement, and the men are making rapid progress under Captain 
W. Drysdale, Musketry Instructor. An Officers' and Non-Commissioned 
Officers' Class was started under the able guidance of Sergeant Instructor Brown, 
and over eighty have attended regularly, so the regiment will have a full comple- 
ment of not only Qualified Captains, but Qualified Subalterns and Non-Com- 
missioned Officers, at an early date. 

On November 30th a very pleasant function took place at the Armoury, 
the occasion being a Presentation to Lieut. -Col. F. W. Fisher and the four 
Officers, along with 200 men, who were going in the 23rd Westmount Battalion 



J 

ro ARMS 



74 

% 

for Overseas Duty. Attached to the Regiment is Capt. Thorn, with 23 signallers. 
The Bugle Band is being organized, as well as a Motor Cycle Corps, and from 
present indications it looks as though the 58th Westmount Rifles would be one 
of the smartest Corps of the Division in 1915. 

Appointments of Officers have been gazetted as follows: 
September 14th: Acting Major, Capt. C. M. Strange; Acting Adjutant, 
Capt. W. C. Hagar. 

September 16th: Acting Quartermaster, Capt. B. P. Richardson. 
September 18th: Acting Captains, 
Capt. M. Birkett ................... . No. 1 Company 

Capt. D. McGill ............ . No. 2 Company 

Capt. C. G. Macartney ........ . . No. 3 Company 

September 23rd: Acting Captain, 
Capt. A. McLean ......................... Lachine Company 

September 28th: To command No. 4 Company, Col. Sgt. A. E. M. Hope, 
transferred from No. 3 Company. 
October 2nd: Acting Captain, 
Capt. K. Campbell ........................ No. 5 Company 

' October 7th: To be attached to No. 2 Company, Capt. W. B. Clarke. 
October 26th: Capt. C. M. Strange, provisionally commanding "Westmount 
Rifles." Acting Paymaster, Capt. P. S. McKergow. 

October 28th: To be attached to the strength of this Regiment, Capt. A. 
T. LeFevre. The following, provisionally appointed for the purpose of applying 
for commissions in the Overseas Contingent: -Provisional Lieuts. E. C. Renouf, 
L. A. Johnston, Maurice N. Burke, Norman A. Edwards, Harry H. Keller, Capt. 
G. L. Dobbin, R.O. 

November 2nd: To command No. 6 Company, Capt. W. B. Clarke, trans- 
ferred from No. 2 Company. To command No. 8 Company (Lachine), Capt. A. 
S. Laing. 

The following have been appointed Provisional Lieutenants to date from 
October 30th, 1914, and to be attached to the companies as noted: 
Mr. C. Howard ........................... No. 1 Company 

Mr. N. M. Birkett ........................ No. 1 Company Supernumerary 

Mr. A. S. Birchall ......................... No. 2 Company 

Mr. T. Kelly Dickinson .................... No. 2 Company 

Mr. J. F. Pierce ........................... No. 2 Company Supernumerary 

Mr. W. H. Harling ........................ No. 3 Company 

Mr. C. A. Ablett .......................... No. 3 Company 

Mr. Ernest Walton ........................ No. 3 Company Supernumerary- 

Mr. A. F. McGoun ........................ No. 4 Company 

Mr. W. H. Harrison ....................... No. 4 Company 

Mr. Bertram E. Hards ..................... No. 5 Company 

Capt. A. T. LeFeyre ....................... No. 6 Company 

Mr. Frank Sumner ........................ No. 6 Company 

Mr. R. Bickerdike, Jr ...................... No. 7 Company 

Mr. C. de Wolfe Reid ..................... No. 7 Company 

Mr. W. t . P. Henry ....................... No. 7 Company Supernumerary 

Mr. P. C. Armstrong ....... ..... No. 8 Company 



WESTMOUNT RIFLES 



75 



November 12th: To be Provisional Lieutenant, Mr. Robt. Bertram, to be 
attached to No. 8 Company. 

To be Provisional Lieutenants, Sup.: Mr. C. D. Anderson, to be attached 
to No. 4 Company; Mr. W. Gaith Thomson, to be attached to No. 5 Company; 
Mr. Henry H. Keller, to be attached to No. 6 Company. 

In addition to these orders, Capt. W. T. Rodden was appointed Provisional 
Major to date from October 16th, and Capt. W. Drysdale, Instructor of Musketry 
from the same date. 

At the present time there are eight companies, six from the City of West- 
mount and two from Lachine. There are more than the full establishment of 
547 officers and men enrolled. 

SECOND CONTINGENT 23RD BATTALION 



Men enrolled from Westmount Rifles: 



Ains worth, J. C. 
Aldwith, J. 
Anderson-, D. L. 
Bell, C. 

Basford, W. H. 
Brown, C. M. 
Blain, J. 
Burchell, J. 
Burt, W. 
Buttler, E. 
Bo wen, M. 
Blackmore, S. 
Beeser, H. 
Bowten, S. 
Bellamy, J. H. 
Barnes, E. 
Branbell, J. 
Baron, O. 
Bond, C. H. 
Bradbury, C. 
Bishop, E. W. 
Blake, E. R. 
Beagley, T. A. 
Brown, F. M. 
Bannon, J. 
Baker, M. 
Brims, R. 
Bunker, J. S. 
Benson, L. 
Cody, J. 
Cockburn, F. J. 
Clarke, E. C. 
Cartwright, G. H. 
Choldcroft, C. 
Cutts, E. 
Carey, H. 
Cardie, W. 
Cole, W. S. 
Charie, C. 
Chartier, W. 
Colquahorn, A. G. 



Cameron, A. R. 
Chatfield, W. W. 
Charlton, J. G. 
Crompton, J. 
Coltholpe, E. 
Draper, E. N. 
Dawson, W. 
Decroix, A. 
Downey, R A 
Drysdle, A. 
Daly, T. M. 
Dalaney, O. 
Dalaney, T. 
D'Lory, G. O. 
Dickins, H. G. 
Dalziel, J. 
Dunlop, J. 
Dyer, J. W. 
Edmondson, S. 
Elliott, A. M. 
Edmond, E. 
Etherington, P. G. 
Ewdie, J. O. 
Elliott, T. E. 
Faulkner, W. B. 
Foley, E. 
Flynn, J. 
Finch, H. A. 
Ferguson, D. 
Fowler, F. 
Frost, C. 
Fitzpattrick, R. 
Fairbairn, J. S. 
Flower, H. W. 
Goulden, E. P. 
Goodman, T. H. W. 
Grundy, C. H. 
Gibb A. M. 
Gratton, T. J. 
Gilbert, P. G. B. 
Graham, A. L. 



Griffin, T. T. 
Gubbins, W. G. 
Gallagher, W. J. 
Gardner, E. J. 
Glazier, M. 
Grant, D. W. 
Hodgson, W. D. 
Houghton, T. 
Hirch, F. W. 
Hicklin, C. H. 
Hodson, A. 
Haslegrove, A. W. 
Hood, J. S. 
Heap, A. 
Hewitt, H. 
Hogue, F. 
Hadley, A. P. 
Hinton, G. H. 
Hinton, P. 
Hatton, J. 
Hildreth, G. 
Howell, A. T. 
Hood, St. C. 
Issard, W. W. 
Jordon, H. 
Johansson, G. 
Jones, W. 
Johnson, L. 
Jones, C. W. 
Jamieson, G. 
Johnston, E. R. J. 
Jones, D. 
Johnson, W. 
Kennaugh, H. 
Kohler, W. W. 
Kerrigan, G. 
King, L. 
Kerr, R. 
Laingdale, A. 
Laughren, F. 
Laivitte, A. 



* 

76 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Low, G. W. 
Megson, A. 
Mason, H. 
Morrey, S. 
Morris, C. 
Morgan, E. 
Maultby, R. 
Markun, F. 
Mullen, T. E. 
Maguire, J. R. 
Mayer, C. V. 
Middleton, J. 
Massey, T. C. 
Mayer, J. M. 
McBurney, G. VV. 
Mac Ritchie, D. 
McGrother, J. 
McTaggart, J. A. 
McCoy, D. R. 
Norton, J. A. 
Noury, A. 
O'Brien, J. 
Oakes, F. J. 
Parkes, A. J. 
Patrick, J. H. 
Parkes, J. A. 
Percell, N. 



Pellan, P. J. 
Quinlan, A. 
Reid, W. S. 
Ross, D. P. 
Rand well, J. 
Reid, G. E. 
Renahan, J. 
Richardson, H. B. 
Richardson, A. 
Richards, F. M. 
Reffold, E. 
Stanley, W. A. 
Shaw, A. F. 
Street, R. H. 
Stewart, E. W. H. 
St. George, P. T. 
Skelton, G. F. 
Sparks, T. 
Sharpe. W. H. 
Smith, 'E. 
Smith, L. E. 
Smith, J. 
Scott, D. 
Scotting, J. W. 
Savage, J . 
Sullivan, T. 
Smith, A. A. 



Scudamore, J. 
Solomon, R. 
Southerland, G. E. 
Taylor, S. 
Tucker, G. S. 
Teakle, W. 
Thompson, C. H. 
Townsend, B. R. 
Thorpe, P. 
Tutill, G. 
Varley, A. 
White, G. 
Willimson, A. 
Wilcocks, G. F. 
Wilcocks, C. 
Wooler, N. 
VVaddleton, L. 
Whitfield, F. 
Waller, J. B. 
Worrall, T. P. 
Watson, J. W. 
Walcot, G. F. 
Wiseman, R. 
Vannopoulos, E. 
Young, W. 



"Well done for them; and fair Isle, well for thee 1 
While that thy bosom beareth sons like those: 
'The little gem set in the silver sea', 
Shall never fear her foes." 



23rd Battalion 

Second Contingent 

o.c. 

Lieut.-Col. F. W. Fisher, R.O. 

MAJORS 

Lieut.-Col. F. C. Bowen, 53rd Regt. Major S. H. Hill, 8th Royal Rifles 

O. & I.C.C. 

ADJUTANT 
Lieut. A. T. Powell, R.O. 

QUARTERMASTER 
Hon. Lieut. C. J. Charlton 

PAYMASTER 
Lieut. E. J. Griffith, 1st C.G.G. 



C. E. Shirley, 6th Hussars 



G. G. Mitchell, 1st C.G.G. 
J. H. Richardson, 1st C.G.G. 
H. A. Chisholm, 1st C.G.G. 
J. R. Anderson, 1st C.G.G. 
E. L. Buchanan, 1st C.G.G. 



MAJOR 
D. A. Mackay, R.O. 

CAPTAINS 

C. T. W. Etches, 64th Regt. 

LIEUTENANTS 

M. N. Burke, 58th Westmount Regt. 
N. A. Edwards, 58th Westmount Regt. 
L. A. Johnston, 58th Westmount Regt. 
H. Lyle, 103rd Regt. 
R. S. Smith, R.O. 



G. L. Dobbin, 58th Westmount Regt. 



24th Battalion (Victoria Rifles) 

Second Contingent 

o.c. 

Lieut.-Col. J. A. Gunn, 3rd V.R.C. 



MAJORS 



C. H. Hill, R.C.R. 



E. I. Leonard (R.M.C.), 1st Hussars 



ADJUTANT 
Lieut. R. O. Alexander, R.C.R. 

PAYMASTER 
Capt. G. F. Furlong, 3rd V.R.C. 



F. T. Down, 3rd V.R.C. 
W. S. Wood 



CAPTAINS 

C. King Mason 
G. R. Lightbound 

LIEUTENANTS 



J. H. Edgar, 3rd V.R.C. 

E. O. McMurtry (R.M.C., 3rd V.R.C. 

A. H. H. Morphy (R.M.C.) 3rd V.R.C. 
C. B. Parr (R.M.C. ), R.O. 

G. R. Robertson, 3rd V.R.C. 

F. Ritchie, 3rd V.R.C. 

H. D. Kingstone, 3rd V.R.C. 
P. L. Hall, 3rd V.R.C. 

B. G. Languedoc, 3rd V.R.C. 
J. G. Morrison, 3rd V.R.C. 
A. L. Walker, 3rd V.R.C. 

V. E. Duclos, 3rd V.R.C. 



D. H. Beckett, 3rd V.R.C. 
R. H. B. Buchanan, 5th R.H.C. 
\V. D. Chambers, 5th R.H.C. 
H. G. Davidson, 5th R.H.C. 
K. E. Drinkwater, 5th R.H.C. 
W. R. Hastings, 5th R.H.C. 
A. L. S. Mills, 5th R.H.C. 
S. W. Watson, 5th R.H.C. 
H. W. Fisher, 41st Regt. 
Frank F. Arnoldi (R.M.C.) 
J. L. Jenkins, M.O. 



1st Regiment 
Grenadier Guards of Canada 

Second Contingent 



Capt. G. G. Mitchell 
Capt. J. F. Sumption 

LIEUTENANTS 
J. H. Richardson 
E. J. Griffith 
A. C. Chisholm 
J. R. Anderson 

N.C.O's AND MEN 
Archibald, Albert 
Adams, Fred. 
Adams, Robt. Thomas 
Ashmore, William 
Archer, Arthur 
Ash wood, John 
Armstrong, Ellery F. 
Atkinson, Arthur 
Adams, Andrew J. 
Burfind, Henry Harry 
Boultbee, Bertie H. 
Brown, Albert 
Bicknell, Frank 
Bradley, Harold 
Barratt, Geo. William 
Balshaw, Walter 
Barran, Seth 
Bowater, Joseph 
Boyle, John 
Boult, Reginald C. S. 
Baggarley, James 
Bullock, William A. 
Button, Harry 
Barker, Hubert H. 
Barnfield, James 
Bissell, Lloyd A. 
Brookes, Lawrence 
Brounson, Frederick 
Buel, Edwin T. 
Billingham, Thomas 
Bay Us, John 
Brown, Walter 
Clark, George 
Cooper, Godfrey 
Cave, Edward 
Chalmers, W. H. 
Candlish, N. 
Curry, Abraham 
Cawe, Jack 
Clark, Harold 



Cleaver, Walter 
Crabtree, Harry 
Catford, Arthur E. 
Cameron, Donald 
Crouch, Edward 
Chouinard, Joseph 
Clarke, Charles J. 
Cope, Frederick 
Cripps, George J. 
Caldwell, Westley 
Cooper, George 
Cleary, John W. 
Chambers, Henry W. 
Clark, Thomas 
Cowie, Alfred H. 
Currie, William 
Charlton, Jonathan 
Dorans, Neil 
Dennis, Frederick 
Denholm, D. M 
Dalhousie, Charles 
Dickinson, John 
Dampier, Charles C. 
Derick, Harold C. 
Daynault, George 
Day, Henry 
Dibbs, David 
Dod, Edward 
Davidson, John 
Davidson, George 
Dufew, Hedley 
Daws, Walter A. 
Dillon, Edward 
D'All, George 
Dooley, Walter 
Evans, D. J. 
Flannigan, Richard 
Ferguson, A. 
Franklin, G. 
Fountain, Fenny 
Flynn, Joseph 
Feeley, William 
Fisher, William 
Forbes, James C. 
Finney, Fred. 
Frampton, John P. 
Findleton, John Y. 
Garlick, H. 
Gregory, Cecil 
Graves, Rupert 



Glennie, John 
Gilchrist, Thos. 
Grant, John 
Glanvill, Mark 
Greenway, Edward 
Green-, Gordon 
Grainger, William 
Greening, George 
Gregory, Frederick 
Godfrey, Horace 
Gervais, Joseph A. 
Gasson, Thomas A. 
Heath, Gedeon 
Hogg, H. B. 
Hobday, S. G. 
Hoener, L. A. 
Hall, John 
Harris, John Samuel 
Henderson, James Henry 
Head, William 
Hayes, Will. E. 
Harris, Horace Edward 
Healey, Harold 
Hanley, William 
Harrison, Michael 
Holloway, Harry 
Haslett, Samuel 
Harper, Isaac 
Hubbert, George 
Hunt, Alexander 
Hills, Frederick 
Heath, William 
Holland, George H. 
Hicks, Ernest 
Handridge, George W. 
Hill, Arthur Daniel 
Hennessey, Frank 
Hassam, Percy 
Hall, Zacharie 
Harrison, Harry B. 
Holdron, W'alter 
Ingram, James 
Jones, Samuel George 
Johnson, John 
Jones, William J. 
James, William E. 
James, Richard 
Jenkins, Robert 
Kelly, F. E. 
Keyzer, Rudolph 



8o 



TIJE CALL TO ARMS 



Kennaugh, Herbert 
King, George 
Keenan, Thomas 
Kerley, William 
Kerr, Harry 
Lorimier, Kenneth 
Lynch, J. 
Lynch, Martin 
Lennon, Christopher 
Locke, William 
Little, Francis H. 
Lauzon, Maturinno 
Longley, W 7 alter 
Lovell, Gilbert 
Mackman, R. J. H. 
Mahaffy, W. 
Muir, G. William 
Marshall, Chas. 
Meades, Herbert 
Moody, Richard 
Mouland, Ernest 
Mason, George 
Marks, Thos. R. 
McGuffie, \Vm. A. 
McPhee, Samuel 
Mallett, William 
Mack, James G. 
McClelland, Robert A. 
Morris, Thos. 
Mavor, Alexander 
Mann, A. 
Murphy, Patrick 
McNulty, Patrick 
Mites, Nelson Stanley 
Mahoney, John 
McGanley, Hugh 
Manning, Joseph 
Mackinnon, Arthur C. 
Mackintosh, James 
Mullin, Harry A. 
Martin, Joseph 
McHaffie, John B. 
Mason, Albert 
Mather, Ernest 



McRobie, Robert 
Nagle, Francis Geo. 
Nottingham, A. 
Nolan, David 
Nedeau, Robert S. 
Newell, Frederick 
Officer, Arthur 
O'Hara, William 
Oliver, James F. 
Oakman, William J. 
O'Sullivan, Wm. 
Pratt, Clifford 
Pointer, Gilbert 
Powell, Philip P. 
Pinsoneault, Elmer 
Park, James 
Plater, Ernest 
Parsisson, Harry 
Quinne, Peter 
Richardson, J. H. 
Ritchie, George C. 
Roberts, David 
Richardson, Eric 
Reilly, Clifford F. 
Ross, Donald P. 
Rowland, Hubert L. 
Roberts, Frederick 
Robertson, John 
Robertson, Oliver M. 
Reid, Patrick 
Rodger, Wm. D. 
Riley, Austin 
Richmond, Arthur E. 
Ryan, James 
Sullivan, Robert M. 
Stanworth, J. R. 
Smith, George 
Seed, Sydney Robert 
Seymour, Alex. 
Smith, Herbert Stratton 
Swenerton, Wm. 
Sunclerland, Harold 
Sheridan, Walter 



Schofield, Albert 
Stone, Leonard 
Stacey, Thomas 
Silk, Herbert 
Savage, Henry C. 
Shanley, Lewis W. 
Scott, Daniel 
Scales, George 
Saunders, John W. 
Syvret, N. 
Simme, Andrew 
Stanion, Oliver B. 
Simmons, Stanley 
Stevenson, Archibald C. 
Sowden, Johnson 
Stedman, George 
Tucker, Herbert 
Tatem, George 
Taylor, Alfred 
Thompson, William C. 
Turner, Stanley 
Torlot Frank 
Verge, Levi 
Wyatt, Thomas 
Woodall, Sydney A. 
Wilkie, David 
Wrigley, Frank 
Webb, George 
Welch, Thomas 
Willdig, William 
Williams, Harry 
W 7 atmore, Percy 
Woodforde, Walter D. 
Wareing, Lawrence 
\Vand, Harvard 
\Yickham, Joseph 
Wilson, George 
Wayland, Philip J. H. 
Wilson, Arthur 
Williams, Floyd 
Western, Whiteford W. 
Yearwood, Howard 
Yates, James I. 



3rd Regiment 
Victoria Rifles of Canada 

Second Contingent 



N.C.O's AND MEN 
Alexander, Harry M. 
Allen, Henry James 
Anderson, Herbert Henry 
Armand, Albert 
Atkinson, Arthur Ernest 
Alcock, James 
Amling, Louis 
Andrews, John 
Anderson, Fred. George 
Adams, Charles 
Antel, Saul 
Allaire, Albert 
Angus, John 
Abrams, John William 
Anderson, Murray 
Bales, James Nunn 
Bathurst, Alexander John 
Beck, Arthur 
Beere, Edmund Fred. Geo 
Berian, Charles Henry 
Binmore, Jack 
Bisset, Leslie Atherton 
Boyd, Walter Hayes 
Brereton, John Lamb 
Brewer, George Bernard 
Brewer, Christ. Robt. 
Brown, Alfred 
Brown, James James 
Burehell, Charles Wm. 
Bushe, Gervase Scott 
Butteris, Harold L. 
Bales, J. R. 
Bushe, J. F. 
Boa, Andrew Stewart 
Brown, William Lavin 
Binmore, Lionel Raymod 
Binmore, Lionel Ray. 
Borrowdale, John 
Brown, Fred. Young 
Birdsall, William 
Booth, Clarence A. 
Bouchard, Victor 
Brown, John 
Bailey, Edward 
Bowdon, William C. 
Brown, William 
Campbell, Donald 
Clift, Edwin Alfred 
Charest, Alex. Robt. 
Cowan, Norman Alex. 



Coward, Joseph 
Craven, Elwell 
Crotty, Willie H. 
Croysdill, Leslie Ernest 
Conachey, John 
Carleton, Wm. George 
Cole, Eric Arthur 
Cook, Thos. Henry 
Carleton, Herbert Ernest 
Cohn, Charles 
Clarke, Robt. Ernest 
Glendenning, Hugh Chas. 
Currall, Fred. 
Cave, Lewis 
Creckendon, William 
Cassidy, Alexander, Jr. 
Curtin, John Francis 
Connors, William Thos. 
Cochrane, Thos. 
Clarke, Hyman 
Crichton, Chas. E. 
Carter, John 
Collins, James 
Carmichael, John Bram. 
Collins, Chas. C. 
Copeland, Arthur 
Castle, Harold V. 
Collins, Edgar Guy 
Crichton, Alex. Forbes 
Clark, Albert 
Chaif, William George 
Deery, Thomas George 
Dolphin, Albert Victor 
Dolphin, Charles 
Dolphin, James 
Donald, John 
Dowse, Trevor Esmonde 
Duckett, George B. 
Duley, Egerton R. 
DufTey, James 
Drew, Douglas 
Doig, Mitchell 
Dunbar, Thos. Joseph 
Dugdale, Francis Henry 
Denman, Edward P. 
Dick, James Lees 
Dwyer, William Julien 
Davies, Herbert 
Dewar, William Retland 
Descinde, Francois 
Eatherington, John 



Edgley, Ernest Lloyd 
Egerton, Herbert George 
England, Stewart Mason 
Ellis.Avelyn de Courtenay 
Ellis, Joseph 
Farrell, James 
Featherstone, Henry 
Feldman, Pascal 
Fraser, Gordon A. 
Fraser, Hugh 
Fuller, Percy 
Ferguson, Henry Joseph 
Forster, Sam. Stanton 
Fitnum, Hv. Worthington 
Feld, Eli " 
Gainsford, Leslie 
Gallagher, Patrick 
Garvin, Albert Lome 
George, Henry Alfred 
Gossage, Fred. William 
Graham, Arthur 
Grundy, Gordon 
Gunby, Robert James 
Greer, James 
Gordon, James 
Goddard, Benjamin 
Greer, James Reid 
Gabriel, John 
Goodall, Alfred John 
Geary, William 
Goodfellow, Howard Gor. 
Guimond, John 
Gregory, Thomas 
Gillard, James Edward 
Hall, James 
Hardman, Charles L. 
Harrison, Cecil Bernard 
Hart, Alfred Nicholas 
Hatherly, Leslie William 
Hemming, Norman Thos. 
Hendry, Fred. George 
Heward, Ralph Burton 
Higgins, Alfred James 
Michael, Hillson 
Holdsworth, John 
Holland, John Albert 
Howard, Montagne Claire 
Hudson, Albert 
Hunter, Herbert Gordon 
Hamfgarn, Law. Herman 
Hill, Archibold 




TYPES OF CANADA'S SOLDIERS 



CAPT. T SYDNEY MORRISEY 

Royal Highlanders, who accompanied his 

regiment with the First Contingent, is a 

son of J. L. Morrisey. Resident Manager, 

Union Assurance Society, Limited. 



REGIMENTAL 

SERGEANT-MAJOR D. A. BETHUNE 

Royal Highlanders, to whose effort is 

partly due the splendid efficiency of his 

regiment. 



VICTORIA RIFLES 



Hobday, Walter James 
Hitchman, Leon 
Hollett, Alfred Wm. 
Hoffman, Jas. Brodie 

Aberc. 

Hare, Robert 
Hart, Albert Edward 
Higgins, Michael Joseph 
Hendry, Arthur George 
Harvison, Reiding Alex. 
Hornby, Thomas 
Hill, Horace 
Hill, Cyril 
Hedfield, Harold 
Hamilton, Charles 
Hall, John Doran 
Innes, Jr., John 
Itivici, Jake 
Iscovici, Issac 
James, Arthur Hayward 
Jones, John Arthur 
Jones, John 
Jones, Eric Edmund 

ones, John 

ohnson, Herbert 

ohnson, Hugh 

ackman, Frank 

ames, Edward 

ones, Albert 
Kelly, William Francis 
Killeen, Francis 
Kemp, George Ricardo 
Kirke, William 
Kavanagh, Joseph John 
Kennedy, James Gordon 
Laird, Thos. Brenton 
Law, Francis Andrew 
Lawrence, James Thos. 
Leach, Fred. S. 
Lee, Herbert 
Lidstone, E. G. 
Lindsay, Alexander 
Longmore, Thos. DavidL. 
Lyon, Reuben N. 
Lanier, Thos. Andrew 
LeBoutillier, Leo. B. 
Lachance, Jf., Louis C. 
Lajoie, Wilfrid Laurier 
Lane, Edgar Thomas 
Latremouille, Louis 
Larouche, Leonce 
Liddle, Edwin 
McCormick, George 

Rutherford 
McGoun, David M. 
McKenna, Adrien 
McKenzie, Kenneth 
McKibbin, William 

McKinnon, John James 

McLeod, Archibald 

McRobie, Alex. 



McAuley, Robert 
McAskill, Robert 
Mackie, Alexander 
McCarthy, Daniel 
McGregor, Thomas 
McGonngal, Gordon 
McCaffrey, John Joseph 
McCaskill, Michael 
McBoyle, Ken. Clifford 
Mellor, Harry 
Metzger, Albert 
Morgan, Frederick Henry 
Mundy, Reginald Ed. 
Mansfield, Albert John 
Mullins, Ed. John 
Mislovitch, Charles 
Murdoch, Wm. James 
Mason, James Woollacott 
Merritt, Robt. Charles 
Morrison, Samuel Charles 
Morris, Stanley 
Macario, Herbert George 
Mason, Lionel Albert 
Messett, Frank Patrick 
Marshall, Wm. Albert 
Morris, Herbert Graham 
Mellor, Percy 
Morris, Harry Eardly 

Arthy 

Madigan, Michael 
Messenger, Charles 
Morrison, Hugh 
Naylor, Harry Starbuck 
Newbold, Reg. Walter 
Newsman, Benj. White 
Nobes, William 
Norman, Geo. Campbell 
North, Chas. Richard 
Nunn, Ernest 
Neely, Matthew 
Nelson, Warren Davidson 
Northcott, William 
Nash, John 
Nosovitzsky, Emile 
O'Dea, Joseph Leo 
O'Brien, William Daniel 
O'Connor, William 
O'Keefe, William 
O'Dowd, Thomas 
Patterson, Hugh Mackay 
Peasey, Chas. William 
Perkins, Albert Charles 
Poulter,- Arthur 
Pile, George Valdimar 
Pratt, Francis William 
Pierson, Ronald 
Powney, William 
Pearce, Arthur Thomas 
Powney, Albert Alex. 
Pearson, Sydney Ralph 
Pay, William 



Palmer, Harold Dampier 
Porter, Arthur Lorton 
Pickering, Percival 

Lansdale 
Phenix, Frank 
Pearson, George 
Pay, William Victor 
Pattison, Richard Stanley 
Redmond, W. H. 
Richardson, L. G. 
Ritch, Paul 
Robertson, Irwell 

Mildmay 

Robertson, Wm. Smail 
Roe, Robert 
Ronson, Garnet 
Rose, Henry 
Rose, Howard Edwin 
Robertson, John 

Hutchison 

Ridd, William Thomas 
Ross, James 
Ralph, Wm. Ogilvy 
Rickaby, William 
Robins, Norris Wm. 
Ritchie, Thomas 
Riou, Ernest 
Richmond, Alexander 
Rickwood, William 
Riddle, Harold Thos. 
Riley, Chas. Ed. 
Richards, Edwin Ricardo 
Roberts, Wm. Osborne 
Rae, Alfred Hamilton 
Richardson, Albert 
Roach, John David 
Rutherford, John Smart 
Sewell, Lawrence Arthur 
Shaw, Barclay 
Shaw, Michael James 
Shaw, Francis William 
Shefford, Alfred 
Smith, Albert Hugh 
Sparks, James 
Speechley, Geo. Francis 
Stenson, Francis W. 
Storer, Walter 
Sutherland, Dudley 

Harcourt 

Sutherland, John Scott 
Syder, James 
Smith, Adolphus Henry' 
Stone, Thos. 
Smyth, Geo. Crawford 
Sewell, Reg. Lambton 
Smith, Thos. Ferguson 
Stewart, Ernest 
Shipway, John Cecil 
Soughton, William 
Smith, Stuart 
Staples, Arthur 



8 4 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Sandford, Jack 
Small, Denis 
Stephen, Wm. Joseph 
Somers, Ronald Thos. 
Simpson, Chas. 
Smart, Henry Wm. 
Smith, Frank Joseph 
Somny, Claude Cecil 
Stewart, James 
Simpson, Wm. Ed. 
Sheriff, Samuel 
Taylor, Albion Lynn 
Taylor, Geo. Grant 

Rutlidge 
Terry, Alfred 
Thompson, Alex. Fraser 
Turner, George 
Tozer, Wm. Peachey 
Tidd, Chas. Francis 
Taylor, Herbert Reid 



Taylor, George 
Thorp, Cecil 
Turner, Victor 
Villeneuve, Abel. 
Wallace, John Wesley 
Wilde, Ernest Herbert 
Williams, Edwin 
Williamson, John 
Winfield, W r m. Edward 
Wood, Arthur G. 
W T right, George 
Wright, Peter 
W^ones, Bernard Blythe 
W 7 etherman, Ivor Ross 
Williams, Charles 
White, Robt. 
Wilde, Beresford 
Walsh, Patrick 
\Vinslow, James 
Welsh, George 



Weinburg, Samuel 
Wynne, James Arthur 
Wherry, Burt Alfred 
Webber, Samuel 
Wardle, Asa 
Wheeler, John 
Wiseman, Israel 
Wilson, Charles 
Wigglesworth, Fred. 
White, Edward 
Windsor, William 
Wilcox, Theodore 
Williams, George 
Wild, Thos. Herbert 
Wise, Alfred Charles 
Whitford, William 
Whitford, George 
Wolf kill, LeCompte 

Coulson 
Walker, Alexander 



" Carry the word to my sisters, 

To the Queens of the East and South; 
I have proved faith in the heritage 
Bv more than a word of mouth." 



5th Regiment 
Royal Highlanders of Canada 

Second Contingent 



N.C.O's AND MEN 

Allen, James 
Anouf, Joseph 
Andrews, W. J. 
Attree, A. 
Allen, Edward 
Authier, Raoul 
Alford, F. R. 
Ash worth, W. 
Ait ken, Sidney 
Adams, Anthony C. 
Anouf, Philips 
Arber, Sydney 
Aspinall, Herbert 
Adam, Hector 
Anderson, James P. 
Burns, James 
Beaton, Duncan 
Briggs, Alfred 
Brierley, Thomas 
Branston, William 
Bell, H. J. 
Burns, John 
Bowie, W. E. P. 
Borthwick, J. M. 
Brown, P. 
Bulmer, A. 
Botsford, T. W. G. 
Blackstack, J. W. 
Batten, F. 
Berry, Richard 
Branney, William 
Bell, Stanley 
Beaton, John 
Bruce, R. W. 
Bran, R. J. 
Blair, John 
Beauchamp, Leo 
Bowman, Angus 
Bryce, John P. 
Bacchus, Frederick 
Barrow, John 
Beacon, Fredk. J. 
Ballock, John 
Barth, Robert L. 
Barfoot, Edward 
Burnatd, G. R. 
Brockee, James D. 
Blanchette, Albert 
Bime, James 
Brooks, Thomas 



Connolly, L. 
Cook, G. H. 
Carlton, A. M. 
Chance, Ernest 
Cook, Lome Stewart 
Cameron, A. 
Cook, Arthur 
Carmack, A. 
Clarke, A. J. 
Cavey, Alfred 
Colville, David 
Connelly, Joe 
Chambers, John P y 
Cockburn, Peter 
Couper, Mungo 
Chesters, Joseph 
Cameron, Willard 
Clarke, Walter J. 
Cook, Harry 
Cooke, Harry C. 
Curwood, Robert 
Campbell, Donald 
Campbell, James 
Carpenter, Sydney H. 
Connor, James 
Caldwell, John 
Craig, Charles 
Carnie, Fred. 
Cruickshank, Andrew W. 
Clarke, Thomas 
Casey, Edward 
Curtis, Willard 
Denne, V. A. 
Dunbar, W. J. 
Davidson, H. 
Day, James 
Dornan, William 
Davidson, Thomas 
Davies, Fred. 
Diver, C. J. 
Dakers, Albert 
Darling, Frank 
Dewar, A. M. 
Dyce, Harry 
Dalgleish, George 
Durman, Arthur 
Durman, Fred. 
Dyke, Russell 
Davis, Gwilym H. 
Donahoe, John 
Eberwein, G. J. 
Eccles, H. B. 



Eadie, John 
Egan, Rich. S. 
Evans, John 
Ecclestone, S. A. 
Ewan, D. A. 
Edwards, William G. 
Edwards, Leslie M. 
Ehmann, David S. 
Findlay, John H. 
Ferguson, L. 
Fleming, George 
Fisk, John 
Franks, G. 
Fullard, C. 
Forbes, Elliston 
Foard, William 
Freemon, Edwin 
Fairlie, Sam 
Fleming, William 
Featherston, James 
Findley, Alex. 
Flynn, Patrick 
Fecteau, Maurice 
Fisk, George 
Geddes, Alec 
Gammon, A. H. 
Gilbertson, William 
Gillespie, Andrew 
Graham, James 
Gibson, James 
Godwin, Albert 
Green, Albert 
Gilbert, W. W. 
Gross well, A. 
Garvin, G. F. 
Gillians, Thomas J. 
Grenough, Louis B. 
Grenough, Gerald R. 
Gilman, Joseph F. 
Gleeson, John 
Grant, Wilson 
Grady, James 
Grant, Herbert M. 
Green, Walter J. 
Hurst, W. 
Haliday, W. W. 
Hays, James 
Haddock, Geoffrey 
Hayton, G. W. 
Henton, R. S. 
Hunt, C. J. B. 
Hodgson, Thomas 




LIEUT. CHARLES L. CANTLEY 
Attached Royal Highlanders 

Active Service 



MAJOR E. de B. PANET 
Regiment Royal Canadian 



Centre Picture, Reading from Left to Right 
LT. J. J. McCARREY CAPT. T. C. EVANS CAPT. STRATHY 

Active Service Active Service 

CAPT. F. A. DAIGNAULT LT. L. GRIGNON 

Active Service Active Service 

Canadian Army Veterinary Corps. 



MAJOR A. C. GEDDES 

N. E. Railway Batt. 

Northumberland Fusiliers 

A ctive Service 



LT.-COL. PICHE 
O. C. Can. A. V. C. 



LT. J. GUY JOHNSTON 

No. 5 Field Ambulance 

A ctive Service 



LT.-COL. F. E. GAUDET 
Regiment Royal Canadien 



MAJ. L. H. ARCHAMBAULT CAPT. SCRIMGER. M.O. 
Regiment Royal Canadien Heavy Brigade 

Active Service. 



5th ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 



Hughes, E. 
Hunter, T. 
Harris, R. C. VV. 
Hunt,J. 

Holder, Ernest T. 
Hurst, George 
Hunt, Samuel 
Hovell, George R. 
Hilleker, Harry J. 
Hardy, Archie 
Hayes, Martin 
Hughes, John 
Hardcastle, Henry 
Hamer, John H. 
Hogg, James 
Hogan, John 
Hodson, Joseph 
Hughes, John 
Hardy, Lawrence 
Innes, VValter 
Inverarity, Wm. C. 

ones, Arthur 

ennings, Fred. 

ones, G. A. 

amieson, Robt . 
James, R. C. 

ones, Geo. W. 

ohnson, F. W. 

ames, Edward 
Casper, John 
Kenrick, Wilfred E. 
Keating, Ed. 
Kite, Harry 
King, Alex. 
King, William 
Kennedy, John 
Kirkup, Watson L. 
Keady, William 
Kidd,' John 
Knox, Thomas 
Lynch, J. E. 
Lyster, H. L. 
Leonowens, G. K. 
Lindsay, Robt. 
Livingstone, Claud 
Leonard, P. 
Lincoln, T. J. 
Loose, A. S. 
Linilaw, Marshall 
Lawley, Arthur 
Lee, T. W. 
Lamb, R. 
Laing, G. 
Laburn, James 
Lowe, Harry 
Lowe, Harry 
Lawrence, Frederick C. 
Lang, John R. 
Litwin, Marks 
Lunn, Charles 
Leddy, George 
Lague, Valmar J. 



Leggett, Arthur 
Lewis, Frank 
Lamb, Richard 
Luck, Frank 
McKay, W. S. 
McCullough, Thos. 
Matthews, Thos. 
McDonald, G. G. 
McLachlan, John 
Murray, John 
Martin, F. W. 
Murdoch, Thos. 
McCallum, W. 
Macdonald, S. 
MacNab, E. 
Mott, E. A. 
Mundy, L. E. 
Montana, Jesse 
McArthur, Thomas 
Mclntyre, H. C. 
McDougall, J. D. M. 
Montgomery, Lewin 
McCubben, Alec 
McClelland, Sam. 
McFarlane, J. Gait 
Munday, Herbert 
McLean, David 
Marchant, A. 
Murray, L. 
McMurray, Wm. 
McKingut, J. 
McPherson, J. D. 
Martin, William 
Milne, William 
Macdonald, David 
McComb, Samuel 
MacDonald, Robert 
Menzies, Robert McK. 
McAskill, Peter 
Mitchell, Alec K. 
Melling, Henry 
Meekison, James 
McGowan, Roland C. 
MacLeod, John 
Mott, Arthur F. 
Moore, Hugh 
McGregor, William 
McClintock, William 
McConville, James 
Macintosh, Wm. H. 
Missen, John W. 
McCallum, George 
McCool, Edward 
McCubbin, David 
McCarthy, Cornelius J. 
Mansfield, Edward 
Macinroy, Herbert W. 
MacGregor, Samuel 
Meadows, Cecil 
MacConnell, John 
Money, Joseph 
MacRae, Donald 



Noates, B. C. 
Nicholson, A. E. 
Nolan, James * 
Nicholson, John L. 
Newland, Eldred H. G. 
Owen, J. R. 
Owen, William 
O'Hara, N. 
OjBrien, B. 
O'Day, James 
O'Rourke, Francis 
O'Keefe, Oney 
Peterson, W. 
Picken, C. B. 
Pakes, H. M. 
Proudfoot, Wm. 
Pace, C. E. 
Poley, William 
Paterson, B. M. 
Portwine, Fred. 
Paton, William 
Pearson, John 
Patterson, Leonard 
Pedder, John S. 
Purdie, Charles 
Quinn, Michael 
Risk, William A. 
Ross, Robt. M. 
Rice, John 
Russel, Edward 
Redmile, A. J. 
Redpath, Tom 
Robinson, Thomas 
Rood, W : illiam 
Reynolds, Harold 
Reeves, Don C. 
Rause, James 
Rose, James 
Ruddick, Geo. 
Renninson, James 
Ross, R. 

Redburn, George 
Ross, Robert C. 
Roberts, John Egerton 
Reid, James S. 
Reston, Peter W. 
Ratcliff, James D. 
Ruddy, Thomas 
Raymond, Lancelot F. 
Russell, Albert W. 
Route, Alfred 
Smith, T. N. 
Smith, G. L. 
Struthers, Ed. 
Smith, A. J. 
Spence, Jas. R. 
Sharpe, Wm. 
Sands, Wm. 
Shore, Wm. 
Smith, L. G. 
Stanton, W. 
Sawyer, F. 



88 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Simon, Alexander 
Sclater, Herbert 
Sherman,- Patrick 
Smith, Andrew 
Stott, Andrew Mackay 
Sime, John Carron 
St. Marie, Adrian 
Sweeney, Harold 
Spence, Charlie 
Smith, Frank 
Stewart, Everard J. 
Stanway, Walter 
Sproston, Edwin 
Scott, James 
Smith, James 
Sugarman, Lewis 
Sheepwash, Thos. 
Taylor, Herbert 
Taylor, Austin J. 
Thompson, James 
Thorne, Victor 
Tracey, Arnold V. 
Taylor, Harry 



Tullock, Donald 
Torrance, S. G. 
Torrance, D. F. 
Taylor, P. R. 
Telper, P. 
Taunton, Chas. H. 
Taylor, James 
Thorn, R. 
Tucker, George S. 
Taylor, James W. 
Thompson, George 
Thomson, Hugh 
Thompson, Lester L. 
Underwood, G. J. 
Weir, Charles 
Wells, William 
Wilson, D. M. 
West, William C. 
Ward, James 
Wilson, James 
Wamford, Harry 
Wheelhouse, C. 
\Vright, Thomas 



Wilks, W. J. 
Walker, P. I. 
White, P. H. 
Watson, Joseph 
Whitelaw, P. A. 
Whitelaw, W. G. 
W'oodhouse, A. 
Waite, W. J. 
Williams, Hugh 
Welsh, Michael 
Walford, Angus O. 
Wilson, Robert H. 
Wilson, Joseph 
Well, James 
Watson, David 
Woods, John 
Williamson, Arthur 
Willette, Frank 
Wallace, W T m. J. 
Willetts, Frederick 
Wilcox, Thomas A. 
Young, H. A. 
Young, Mark 



85th Battalion 

Second Contingent 



OFFICERS 



Lieut. J. P. U. Archambault 
Lieut. C. J. Sylvestre 



Lieut. A. P. Grothe 
Lieut. Rene Lefebvre 



Alloway, Thos. 
Allison, C. 
Allaire, R, 
Aliiette, W. 
Atkinson, G. 
Ash, A. 
Bromels, C. 
Burne, J. 
Beech, R. 
Bendzumas, J. 
Bernard, Jos. 
Boyd, Allen 
Baird, A. 
Berkin, H. 
Belval, J. 
Brown, W. 
Bertrand, E. 
Bertrand, J. 
Bury, W. 
Bourgie, A. 
Bourget, A. 
Bouchard, A. 
Bozzi, M. 
Bedard, VV. 
Bourque, J. 
Bergeron, H. 
Beauregard, J. 
Bertrand, O. 
Baxter, R. J. 
Berkin, Jos. 
Bates, M. 
Barry, Geo. 
Baillargeon, J. 
Bernard, H. 
Gary, D. 
Cote, A. 
Crowley, J. 
Cummings, F. 
Casey, T. 
Cotnoir, H. 
Crowe, D. 
Casey, A. 
Cantin, P. 
Collins, M. 
Campbell, W. 
Carsley, J. 



N.C.O.'s AND MEN 

Cantin, Z. 
Cote, P. 
Campbell, L. C. 
Colenzani, P. 
Clement, A. 
Cyr, A. 
Clement, H. 
Collins, Thos. 
Charron, C. 
Campbell, J. 
Cole, J. A. 
Dowker, W. 
Duffield, J. 
Dery, L. 
Devlin, J. 
Ducharme, L. 
Dubois, M. 
Dugdale, J. H. 
Demers, Geo. 
Dear, Hy. 
Domingue, F. 
Depatie, Jos. 
David, A. 
Dolan, J. 
Durocher, M. 
Desrosiers, M. 
Ethier, C. 
Ellis, F. 
Feeley, J. 
Fournier, E. 
Fortin, H. 
Ferguson, C. 
Fryer, R. 
Fournier, A. 
Granary, W. 
Gauthier, P. 
Gougeon, F. 
Gelinas, E. 
Guyader, A. 
Geffrey, W. 
Gordon, Wm. 
Griffin, John 
Gratton, E. 
Goulet, Ed. 
Gibson, A. 
Gagnon, J. 



Godbout, M. 
Grenier, J. V. 
Grenier, Jos. 
Holmstrom, Ed. 
Harris, Rich. 
Harris, J. 
Hutcheon, A. 
Hanlon, J. 
Hall, Art. 
Haynes, F. 
Hayden, Vander F. 
Hunt, Geo. 
Hearn, W. 
Harnois, H. 
Hatcher, J. 
Hamelin, 
Jesmer, A. 
Johnson, Alex. 

odoin, A. 

ackson, J. 

albert, A. 

efTrey, W. 
Johnson, S. P. 
James, E. 
Kersley, E. 
Kingston, R. 
Kings, W. 
Lefebvre, A. 
Lecompte, I. 
Lapierre, A. 
Latham, H. 
Lloyd, Jos. 
Laf ranee, N. 
Lefebvre, Alb 
Legault, D. 
Letendre, P. 
Landry, C. 
Lambert, C. W. 
Lefebvre, E. 
Lyon, S. J. 
Lanctot, V. 
Leduc, D. 
Mullen, Jno. 
Mitchell, J. D. 
Manley, H. 
Mitchell, E. 



9 o 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Maitland, F. 
Maxwell, R. 
Miller, R. 
Marsh, Jos. 
Meighen, F. 
Marrett, A. 
Martel, J. 
iMoulding, C. 
Marion, J. 
Murphy, Thos. 
Marcotte, E. 
Morin, Jules 
Masterson, W. 
Marshall, J. 
McLean, D. F. 
McDonald, Thos. 
McLeave, W. 
McSweeney, D. 
MacCormick, J. 
Mclntyre, P. 
McLaughlan, E. 
McLeave, A. 
McAvoy, F. 
McLeod, Wm. 
McDougall, W. 
Noa, J. 
Nicholson, W. 
Nugent, J. 



Ormandy, G. W. 
Ouellette, B. 
O'Connor, P. 
Owen, W. 
Ossi, R. 
Ouellette, A. 
Pare, J. B. 
Potter, W. 
Pender, P. 
Paquette, A. 
Pineault, A. 
Pilon, J. 
Picariello, C. 
Poirier, P. 
Puech, L. 
Payment, L. 
Quevillon, A. 
Rodner, Sam. 
Rousseau, C. 
Rawlinson, W. 
Roy, E. 
Roozen, P. 
Ridgwell, S. 
Sweeney, Ed. 
Shields, John 
Smith, John 
St. Jean, Victor 
Stewart, M. 



Spear, H. A. 
Smith, A. 
Stopp, Wm. 
Smith, J. B. 
Stewart, Geo. 
Simard, R. 
Sabourin, S. 
Shagoury 
Trepanier, J. N. 
Turner, Chas. 
Travis, E. 
Trottie'r, Art. 
Taillefer, R. 
Trudeau, E. 
Vacheresse, R. 
Valois, Joseph 
Williams, Geo. W. 
Williams, Geo. 
Williams, G. C. 
Walker, J. R. 
Wilmot, Jas. 
Walsh, W. 
Walsh, M. 
Walker, John 
Woodward, H. 
Wilson, M. 
Watson, J. 
Zeller, O. 



"O ye loud waves! and O ye forests high! 

And O ye clouds that far above me soared ! 
Thou rising sun! thou blue rejoicing sky! 

Yea, everything that is and will be free! 
Bear witness for me, wheresoe'er ye be, 

With what deep worship I have still adored 
The spirit of divinest Liberty!" 



"Le Regiment Royal Canadien" 

"Le Regiment Royal Canadien," the one distinctively French- 
Canadian body organised for Overseas Service, was the result of 
the military enthusiasm, the energy and capacity, and the financial 
munificence of Dr. Arthur. Mignault. It had been found that there 
was a distinct feeling among French-speaking Canadians in favor 
of serving in a unit composed of their own compatriots, using their 
own language, as compared with joining any of the prevailingly 
English battalions which were being enlisted at the time. An 
immense impulse was given to the recruiting of this regiment by 
the meeting held in Sohmer Park, on Thursday, October 15, when 
stirring speeches were delivered by the late Premier of the Dominion, 
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the organiser of the regiment, its commanding 
officer, Colonel Gaudet, and many other eminent French-Cana- 
dians, among them Sir Lomer Gouin, Hon. Rodolphe Lemieux, 
Hon. T. Chase Casgrain, Hon. L. T. Marechal, J. M. Tellier, and 
Senator Belcourt. Sir Robert Borden telegraphed his warmest 
sympathy. Sir Wilfrid in the course of his speech said: 

"This sacrifice is voluntary. Great Britain has asked nothing. 
When we give she accepts willingly, but she has not made a single 
obligation. Ours is a free country, and there has been no effort 
to rush our men to the front by the aid of conscription. The 
policy of the British Government has been one of confidence in 
the people, and it has been absolutely proved. 

"I have not come here to discuss whether our participation 
in the war is constitutionally right or not. No, I have not come 
here for that, I have made a pact that I would say nothing about 
such a matter, and that pact I observe. I avow that never better 
than to-night would I like to discuss the naval question, but I 
will say nothing. I am a party man, but I am equally and more a 
patriot. I leave such questions until later, when the war is ended. 
What I come here for is to second the efforts of Dr. Mignault to send 
the French-Canadian soldiers to fight for the cause of France, for 
the cause of Britain, for the cause of Belgium, and for the cause 
of humanity." 

The headquarters of the Regiment were established at St. 
Johns, Que., in the old cavalry barracks, and the process of training 



U. rKID\V. *:rsr H 1914. 



WALK, CRAWL, ROLL, 1 
LET BE GO TO WAR 

Prayer of *pplicanl lor Corps 
ol Guides Imploring Re- j 
cniiting Officer 

* COSMOPOLITAN BODC 


RECRUITS WANTED! 

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 


. U S..~T1- ..USI.I.TI 


KING EDWARD JOCKEY CLUB 

Mid-Summer Meeting, Aug'. 12-19 


Ri.ed by A. Hamilton Gault, >q 

Commanded by Lt.-Col.F. FARQUHAR, D.S.O, 

Thii unit win be equipped. as soon a. possible, and placed al UK tilpnal nl the Imperial Authorities 
Pre/erenee will be pi% en to ex-regular* of (he Canadian or Imperial Forces or men who saw service in 
South Africa 
QCAUFICATIOSS- (1) Fhy 8 icall> lil 11 > Aft hmil. til (31 "Govl" Certificatea of discharK | 


~*^^^~'*- ' 


V.t.ru. of . , c.mpuf. ' 


PIANOS TO RENT "^ -"V 

FOR SUMMER HOMES u n , n ~* ?,. 

a w. LINDSAY, LHIITEO ',;: ;. 1 ^r:^, 



Enlistment... for one >ear or the .ar Td. fa 



MONTREAL-l.ieul. Donald E fsmeron. ,i Si. OtflWine SI W 
riAY-U.-Cl. Saunders. DLslnrt >bistrale I LONDON. Ot.-r..l llodginj. D.O.C. 



lOTTER'S GUIDE 

A Manual for the Canadian 
Militia Infantry 

^'r.lr^Ei,7:"ii''"u*'r'"*" 

Chapman's Bookstore, 19O Peel St. 



5th REGIMENT 

ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 

OF CANADA 

Men wishing to join for over-seas service can 
apply at the Armory, 429 Bleury Street, between 
8 a.m. and 11 p.m. daily. 

War rates of pay are as follows : 

Sergeants - - $1.25 per day 
Corporals - - $1.10 per day 
Privates - - $1.OO per day 

Rations and clothing furnished. 



D. . McCUAIG. 

Retrtl. Adjutant. 



21st BATTERY- 

Canadian Field Artillery 



3rd Regiment 

Victoria Rifles of 

Canada 



5th ROYAL HIGHLANDERS 
OF CANADA 

Notice to Recruits 



Order No. ,K 

Bj 8. C. 
r M 8.H. of C. 



For a Few Days More 

TO CLEAR 



STRAW HATS HALF PRICE 



3rd REGIMENT 

A VICTORIA RIFLES OF CANADA 

*W* CATHCART STREET 

RECRUITS WANTED 

For Service Abroad Recruiting Office Still Open 

Apply Orderly Room 



Srd^Regiment : J|A; ^ Grenadier 
victoria Rifles of ^ Guards of Canada 
Canada 









FIRST REGIMENT 

e Grenadier Guards 



T 

Tbe Grenadier Guards of Canada 



"^" by , k * Mr Co-n<ii. ! by Col HOD Sam Hush... Mioi.Usr , 

S^c, c.r,um , r ^o,, ., a* A^^. Dre.V"r)nlOrcl"r 



This Page Suggests the Appearance of Montreal Daily Papers 
During the First Days of the War. 



REGIMENT ROYAL CANADIEN 



93 



has been going on vigorously there ever since. It is expected that 
this battalion will form one of the .most creditable units in the 
Second Contingent. 



THE OFFICERS 



Col. F. E. Gaudet, officer commanding 
Major E. de B. Panet, R.C.A., second 

in command 

Major L. H. Archambault, major 
Capt. L. S. Vien, R.C.A., adjutant 
Lieut. R. D. Lafond, signal officer 
Major G. R. Rainville, quartermaster 
Capt. L. A. Beaubien, machine gun 

officer 

Capt. A. Mignault, medical officer 
Capt. A. Chevalier, pay officer 
Major P. H. D. Casgrain, chaplain 

COMPANY 1 
Capt. J. A. Filiatrault 
Lieut. M. E. -Bauset 
Lieut. Paquin 

COMPANY 2 
Capt. A. V. Roy 
Lieut. M. H. Bubrule 
Lieut. R. Lefebvre 

COMPANY 3 
Capt. A. E. Dubuc 
Lieut. R. L. de Martigny 
Lieut. L. Laviolette 



COMPANY 4 

Capt. C. T. de Lanaudiere 
Lieut. R. Laroque 
Lieut. J. Brosseau 

COMPANY 5 

Capt. L. E. Hudon 

Lieut. J. P. U. Archambault 

Lieut. P. Vanier 

COMPANY 6 

Capt. L. N. Plante 
Lieut. Dupuis 
Lieut. C. O. Dorval 

COMPANY^? 

Capt. G. Boyer 
Lieut. A. P. Grothe 
Lieut. C. Sylvestre 

COMPANY 8 

Capt. A. Thiboutot 
Lieut. H. Chasse 

MACHINE GUN SECTION 
Capt. L. A. Beaubien 



Aubry, Albert 
Aubry, Armand 
Auger, Edmond 
Barrette, Oscar 
Beaumhall, William 
Beauchamp, Ernest 
Beaulieu, Leon 
Beaumier, Arthur 
Beaupre, Charles 
Belanger, Francis 
Berthelet, Henri 
Biette, Ed. 
Blais, Ernest 
Blanchard, Edmond 
Boivin, Osias 
Bourret, Albert 
Boyle, James 
Bureau, Emile 
Carbonneau, Emile 
Casgrain, J. R. 
Caron, Edmond 



No. 1 COMPANY 

Chevrier, Wilfrid 
Cloutier, Godfrey 
Cloutier, J. 
Collin, Adelard 
Cormier, Albert 
Coutu, Eugene 
Curadeau, Henri 
Cyre, Leon 
Daignault, Donat 
Danis, Alphonse 
Emery, Delisle 
t)emers, Auguste 
Desautels, Lorenzo 
Desjardins, Omer 
Desmarais, Edmond 
Devries, Raymond 
Drouin, Ernest 
Dube, Napoleon 
Duchesne, Edmond 
Dufour, Amable 
Dupuis, Charles 



Duquette, Joseph 
Frappier, J. S. 
Forget, Hermenegilc 
Fortier, Laval 
Frechette, Emile 
Forget, Arthur 
Gagne, Joseph 
Gauthier, Alphonse 
Gilbert, Donat 
Giroux, A. 
Gosselin, Henri 
Goulet, Napoleon 
Guy, Donat 
Guy, George 
Genclron, Lucien 
Hall, Albert 
Hebert, Theo. 
Houle, Arthur 
Hudon, Louis 
Lafrance, Armand 
Lajoie, Omer 



94 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



No. 1 COMPANY Continued 



Lalonde, Joseph 
Laframboise, Joseph 
Lamothe, Alderic 
Langevin, Eugene 
Lanier, Hermas 
Lavallee, Joseph 
Leblanc, Adrien 
Lefebvre, Edouard 
Legault, R. 
Leger, E. D. 
Lisotte, Herold G. 
Longtin, Joseph 
Maleau, Eudore 
Malouin, Joseph 
Martin, C. E. 
Monpetit, Joseph 
Montague, Jules 



Nault, Joseph 
Nadeau, Adelard 
Pageau, Ovila 
Paquette, Joseph 
Pelland, Uldege 
Pellerin, Ed. 
Pepin, Donat 
Pepin, Oscar 
Perus, Rosario 
Portelance, E. D. 
Rheaume, Antonio 
Rivard, Wilfrid 
Rougeau, Armand 
Roy, Victor 
Robert, Oscar 
Sabourin, Jean 
St. -Georges, Nap. 



Sasseville, George 
Sauve, Germain 
Sylvain, Napoleon 
Tanguay, Antonio 
Tanguay, Ovide 
Taylor, John 
Topping, Real 
Trepanier, Arthur 
Vaillancourt, Charles 
Valade, Gilles 
Viau, Romeo 
Viens, Wilfrid 
Vincent, Joseph 
Van de Castele, Gust 
Roy, Godfrey 
Beauchamp, Alfred 
Julien, Charles 



Marion, Napoleon 
Maximilien, Joseph 
Brusselman, C. H. 
Lacroix, A. 
Grignon, L. 
Lebel, A. 
Van, Looy 
Maurice, A. E. 
Demontigny, G. 
Lamalice, Sylvio 
Corbeil, J. 
Rabeau, A. 
Archambault, A. 
Antoine, E. 
Baubeau, J. 
Beaudin, A. 
Briere, O. 
Bernier, A. 
Beronson, J. 
Bourget, P. 
Belaire, F. 
Blondin, A. 
Benard, A. 
Boucher, J. A. 
Beaupre, A. 
Binette, E. 
Coppe, Ferdinand 
Contant, W. 
Comtois, F. 
Copson, F. 
Chamberland, E. 
Champagne, H. 
Cournoyer, j. 
Carreau, S. 
Colpin, R. 
Cote, A. 
Chagnon, 1 1. 
Desjardins, E. 



No. 2 COMPANY 

Dufour, J. 
Duchesneau, J. 
Dion, J. S. 
Dussalt, A. 
Duchesne, H. 
Duval, G. 
Evrard, F. 
Fournier, R. 
Frereau, E. 
Frank, H. 
Francoeur, G. 
Frerard, M. 
Gagnon, G. E. 
Gelinas, P. 
Gauthier, E. 
Guay, A. 
Galipoli, L. 
Godin, L. 
Gagnon, A. 
Gagnon, W. 
Gariepy, O. 
Hamel, W. 
Hebert, D. 
Houle, A. 
Jeannotte, P. 
Lacasse, J. 
Leboeuf, A. 
Laramee, O. 
Laframboise, A. 
Lariviere, J. B. 
Lemieux, J. 
Levesque, J. 
Lebail, M. 
Leruth, F. 
Landry, A. 
Legault, E. 
Lippe, A. 



Lefebvre, E. 
Levesque, J. 
Lamothe, L. 
Martineau, A. 
Mangeau, L. 
Morin, L. 
Menard, L. 
Menard, P. G. 
Michaud, J. 
Nault, E. 
Neuser, C. 
Ouellette, J. 
Page, L. A. 
Pare, E. 
Portugais, S. 
Page, E. 
Polinquin, J. 
Rochefort, G. 
Roulis, E. 
Renault, A. 
Renoult, E. 
Roy, E. 
St. jean, E. 
St. Onge, A. 
Strewns, G. A. 
Saintes, E. 
St. Pierre, Jules 
Touchette, W. 
Tremblay, C. 
Tessier, L. A. 
Tempo, L. A. 
Tremblay, J. B. 
Touchette, P. 
Themen, A. 
Cervrogen, F. 
Viau, A. 
Loiselle, E. 



REGIMENT ROYAL CANADIEN 



95 



Audette, Arthur 
Beau regard, Elie 
Bergerin, Frank 
Belanger, Henri 
Blanchard, Richard 
Bilodeau, Joseph 
Belanger, R. 
Bertrand, Charles 
Berthiaume, Albert 
Berube, Charles 
Beaudet, Anselme 
Boye, E. 

Bourgeau, Elzear 
Baribeau, Sylvio 
Boyle, Thomas 
Boulet, Wilfrid 
Brodeur, Joseph 
Bigras, E. 
Beaudin, Napoleon 
Charet, A. 
Contant, Adolphe 
Cote, Joseph 
Cadieux, Arthur 
Charet, W. 
Careau, Louis 
Charbonneau Adeodat 
Chaloux, Marc 
Denis, Albert 
Desy, Eugene 
Dubois, Pierre 
Duquette, Victor 
Deserres, Isidore 
Delvalet, Lucien 
Dompierre, Joseph 
Daoust, Ovila 
Dion, Ligouri 
Debien, Gaetan 
Dalpe, Andre 



No. 3 COMPANY 

Duchesne, Gouillaume 
Demontigny, Auguste 
Fontaine, F. H. 
Fournier, Alphonse 
Fournier, George 
Goulet, Ludger 
Gosselin, Arthur 
Gagnon, W. A. 
Girardin, Andre 
Gauthier, Armand 
Godefroid, Lucien 
Gougeon, Victor 
Halde, Uderic 
Hamelin, Arthur 
Hamelin, Wilbrow 
Hensen, Salomon 
Huot, Arthur 
Hamelin, Alexandre 
Jourdain, Edouard 
Lecomte, Donat 
Lacoste, Louis 
Lepine, Ovila 
Lamarre, Adelard 
Lesperance, Adrien 
Laforest, Edmond 
Lacroix, Wilfrid 
Lavoie, Omer 
Lefebvre, Henri 
Labranche, Donat 
Lantier, Edouard 
Leroux, Absolon C. 
Latendresse, Auguste 
Lanctot, Romeo 
Leontieff, Ernest 
Ledoux, Ovila 
Levesque, Alfred 
Larin, Raoul 
Larin, Emile 



Lamelin, Louis 
Marette, Joseph A. 
Moore, Adjutor 
Meunier, Camille 
Malette, Francois 
Morin, Frs. X. 
Noel, Fabien 
Ouellette, Albert 
Pilotte, Jacques 
Prevost, Hector 
Plante, Romeo 
Poitras, Gu stave 
Prefontaine, Alfred 
Pelland, Joseph 
Piche, Eugene 
Poirier, Omer 
Robert, Armand 
Ross, Hypolitte 
Renaud, George 
Robert, Joseph 
Riel, Henri 
St. Michel, Ludovic 
Sirois, A. J. 
Simoneau, Joseph 
Santerre, Charles 
St. Ours, Eugene 
Senecal, Benoit 
Skelling, Alfred 
Tougas, Stanislas 
Tremblay, Joseph 
Tremblay, Omer 
Trudeau, Jeremie 
Tibault, Elzear 
Verette, Joseph 
Viau, Ovila ' 
Valin, Alphonse 
Wilbremer, Patrick 
Zain, Joseph 



Brosseau, Oscar 
Boucher, Elzear 
Brochu, Adelard 
Brochu, Joseph E. 
Boivert, Sylvio 
Boyer, Paul 
Benard, Telesphore 
Belval, Arthur 
Barbet, Alfred 
Bleriot, Arthur 
Bohemier, Gustave 
Bastien, Joseph R. 
Borms, Guillaume 
Beale, Norman 
Corbeil, David 
Charbonneau, Leon 
Colette, Alp. 



No. 4 COMPANY 

Chasse, Francois 
Couombe, Arthur 
Cadieux, Ferdinand 
Corneillier, Wilfrid 
Choquette, Leon 
Cantin, Ferdinand 
Castoran, Maurice 
Caron, Henri 
Durand, Joseph 
D'Ircadia, Raphael 
Desjardins, Alcide 
Deniger, Alderic 
Desjardins, .Oscar 
Dubrule, Albert 
Duclos, Joseph 
Dion, Joseph 
Durand, Theo. 



David, Edmond 
Debien, Laurent 
Desharnais, Alp. 
Desjardins, Philippe 
Depatie, Henri 
Dagenais, Gerald 
Dastaler, Jos. Alex. 
Dionne, Joseph 
Duval, Henri 
Desjardins, Oct. 
Dussault, George 
Flageolle, Phil 
Fligon, Telesphore 
Fraser, Alexandre 
Geniron, Raoul 
Groulx, Alexis 
Gagnon, Henri 



9 6 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



No. 4 COMPANY Continued 



Guilbert, Charles 
Guertin, Joseph 
Gervais, Eugene 
Guertin, Jos. Victor 
Gervais, Arthur 
Gendreau, William 
Grivel, Joseph 
Hedman, Marcel 
Harris, Fred. 
Joly, Leonidas 
Lamoureux, Alcide 
Labelle, Alex. 
Lafrenaye, Edouard 
Lemeunier, Maurice 
Lebrun, Fabien 
Longtin, Arthur 
Lamoureux, Ulysse 
Leveille, Horace 
Lariviere, Henri 
Lapointe, Joseph 
Loiselle, Charles 
Lepage, Raoul 
Laramee, Albert 



Lecomte, Rodolphe 
Lussier, Albert 
Lavoie, Honorius 
Lagace, Willie 
Lamarre, Hubert 
Lachance, Francois 
Laurain, George 
Marcel, Arthur 
Martineau, Lorenzo 
Malette, Arthur 
Many, Hormidas 
Morin, Arthur 
Michaud, J. B. 
Massue, Gust. 
Martineau, Ovide 
Mercier, Alfred 
Mitchell, Patrick 
McKay, Jos. Harry 
Mclntosh, Donald 
MacDonald, H. 
McDuff, Arsene 
Maynard, Gilbert 
Martin, Emile 



Ouellette, Amedee 
Palardy, Louis 
Plante, Albert 
Pilon, J. B. 
Pelosse, Rene 
Richard, Frederic 
Renaud, Joseph 
Robitaille, Jos. Edm. 
Roger, Armand 
Raphael, Eugene 
Sicard, Oscar 
Savard, Romeo 
St. Louis, Emile 
St. Onge, Polydore 
Surprenant, Romeo 
Terrien, Leo 
Tremblay, George 
Huot, Rosario 
Turpin, Paul 
Tremblay, Joseph 
Terriault, Ludger 
Varette, Hector 



Amess, Adrien 
Audet, Wilfrid 
Brisette, Arm 
Brossard, Joseph 
Beaudoin, Louis 
Berthaume, Hormidass 
Begin, Albert 
Begin, Arthur 
Borduas, Wilfrid 
Bouchard, Edouard 
Baron, Herve 
Blain, Emery 
Brisebois, Janvier 
Bonin, Octave 
Beaulieu, Jules 
Beaulieu, Antonio 
Bossu, Francois 
Bourget, Romulus 
Boutin, Thomas 
Cloutier, Alphonse 
Carpentier, Alfred 
Caron, Aug. 
Cook, Edouard 
Chamberland, Philiass 
Charet, Joseph 
Catellier, Alphonse 
Carriere, Philibert 
Contant, Pierre 
Clermont, F. X. 
Curadeau, Helias 
Dufour, Alfred 
Vanier, Geo. P. 
Dagenais, Nap. 



No. 5 COMPANY 

Demuis, Edgar 
Dorais, Ern 
Desourdy, Raoul 
Dulong, Jos. 
Denis, Alex. 
Jacghere, Chs. de 
Drolet, Wilfrid 
Grilly, Ant. 
Gilbert, Alp. 
Gauthier, Camille 
Gaudet, Armand 
Gauthier, Omer 
Gravel, Henri 
Gravel, Victor 
Guertin, Arthur 
Hall, Arthur 
Josephson, C. 
Jodoin, W 7 illiam 
Lachance, Joseph 
Lepage, Ernest J. 
Lampert, Adrien 
Levesque, Aristide 
Lafayette, Denis 
Laforest, Adelard 
Levasseur, L. 
Lantier, Raoul 
Lemay, Aime 
Livernoche, Faida 
Lemay, Herve 
Mignault, L. 
Michaud, P. P. 
Marquis, Arthur 
Mongeau, Joseph 



Major, Henri 
Martineau, Aristide 
Milaenen, Frs. 
Mager, Henri 
Major, Romeo 
Messier, Louis 
Muller, E. 
Massicotte, Frs. 
Negele, Phil. 
O'Briant, Edw. 
Payette, Adelard 
Petit, P. 

Prefontaine, Eug. 
Picard, M. 
Petelle, Arthur 
Peltier, Oscar 
Fouliot, Charles 
Fouliot, Laurent 
Patenaude, Emile 
Prevencal, Dorius 
Poissant, Andre 
Robitaille, A. 
Rivard, Joseph 
Roy, Ulric 
Rejimbal, Joseph 
Rochette, Ernest 
Rochon, Wilfrid 
Reas, Jean 
St. Onge, Edmond 
Sayer, George 
Samson, Amedee 
Savard, Louis 
Seguin, Joseph 



REGIMENT ROYAL CANADIEN 



97 



No. 5 COMPANY Continued 



Sirois, U. 
Sigouin, Emile 
Savard, Armand 
Sorois, Henri 
Sal vail, S. T. 



Bastien, Rene 
Deslauriers, Alex. 
Blouin, Arthur 
Lecuyer, Arthur 
Grenier, Achille 
Lambert, Denis 
Dufour, Albert 
Andlauer, Alphonse 
Lagace, Alfred 
Champagne, Alphonse 
Charbonneau, Arthur 
Grenier, Henri 
Fournier, Damase 
Bouthillette, Nap. 
Jacquemet, Francois 
Bernard, Joseph 
Tetrault, George 
Pruneault, Joseph 
Ayotte, Joseph 
Bouchard, A. 
Bourque, J. 
Bueche, Armand 
Bertrand, Adelard 
Bergeron, Joseph 
Boisly, Louis 
Brunet, Joseph 
Bennetts, Joseph 
Beaupre, Hermidas 
Cote, Eugene 
Castellan, Edouard 
Croteau, Henri 
Duval, Henri 
Cote, Alfred 
Dussault, Lucien 
Dussault, Romeo 
Demers, S. 
Dufour, Stanislas 
Dagenais, Wilfrid 
Fugers, Donat 
Foley, Donat 
Furnier, Eugene 
Goulet, Hermidas 
Groleau, Ovila 
Guy, Arthur 
Gagnon, Eusebe 



Aumais, Victor 
Archambault, Richard 
Brunelle, Arthur 
Bourbonnais, Edgar 



Trudeau, Alexandre 
Terrien, Ismael 
Trepanier, Jules 
Vermette, Pierre 



No. 6 COMPANY 

Garni, George 
Gingras, Rosaire 
Gagne, Leo. 
Grignon, Arthur 
Guerin, Moise 
Huot, Joseph 
Henrichon, David 
Hunault, W. 
Jette, Arthur 
Jacob, Alphonse 
Laliberte, C. 
Laderoute, Leopaul 
Lacroix, Hermas 
Lamer, Eugene 
Labelle, J. E. 
Larocque, Walter 
Lajoie, Jean 
Lewis*, Arthur 
Larocque, Charles 
Lessard, Henri 
Laprierre, Albert 
Lussier, Donat 
Lavoie, Ben 
Masse, George 
Monge, Charles 
Malette, Edouard 
M artel, Oscar 
Munsy, Eugene 
Matte, Frank 
Nolin, S. 
Nolin, Hector 
Nadon, Albert 
Ouimet, Leopaul 
Paquet, Joseph 
Picard, Joseph 
Papineau, Olivier 
Poirier, Donat 
Plante, Theodore 
Pilon, George 
Picher, Rodias 
Paris, Joseph 
Poirier, Hermidas 
Raymond, Albert 
Rolin, Alrien 
Rapin, Romeo 

No. 7 COMPANY 

Bolduc, Louis 
Barbeau, George 
Bertrand, Seraphin 
Bougie, Jean 



Vanhee, Arthur 
Vaillant, Donat 
Valiquette, Francois 
Gingras, Victor 



Rajotte, Arthur 
Riopel, Z. 
Rousseau, Aquilon 
Robert, Raoul 
Riendeau, Jean 
Robillard, Edmond 
Seguin, Octave 
Taillefer, Aime 
Touchette, Gaston 
Tremblay, Eddie 
Tessier, Arthur 
Tremblay, Ephrem 
Tranchemontagne, Jules 
Veilleux, Leon 
Vinette, George 
Wolfe, Arsene 
Watte, John 
Zellwegr, Alphonse 
Bourget, Rosario 
Tessier, Emile 
Dubois, Omer 
Heroux, Eddie 
Church, Dollard 
Laferriere, Oscar 
Martin, Sam 
Cote, Omer 
Desmarais, Theophile 
Tanguay, Philemon 
Tanguay, Maurice 
Cloutier, Pierre 
Lemay, Omer 
Fortin, Henri 
Durocher, Leo 
Trepanier, Albert 
Drapeau, Jean 
Peltier, Joseph 
Cloutier, Joseph 
Groleau, Emile 
Lapointe, Adelard 
McVeigh, Edward 
Rancourt, L. 
Nault, Onesime 
Robidoux, Joseph 
St. Jacques, Henri 



Belanger, Ovila 
Belanger, Paul Emile 
Boucher, Amede 
Barronet, Joseph 



$ 
9 8 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



No. 7 COMPANY Continued 



Sisson, Rene 
Boulet, Arthur 
Bastien, Jules 
Belanger, Emile 
Bergevin, Aime 
Boucher, Camille 
Brunette, Arthur 
Beaufils, Charles 
Belair, Airien 
Boucher, Arthur 
Bolduc, George 
Crepaud, Wilfrid 
Cusson, Arthur 
Charbonneau, Romeo 
Clarke, Arthur 
Carriere, Philippe 
Chevalier, Gaston 
Chartrand, Romeo 
Coulombe, Cyrille 
Deawitt, Willie 
Daoust, Jean 
Dalaire, Telesphore 
Delorme, Wano 
Deroche, Herve 
Desormeaux, Wilfrid 
Desormeaux, Arthur 
Dantreloux, Albert 
D'Artoie, Lionel 
Daoust, Godfrey 
Duchesne, Alfred 
Durecks, Nicolas 
Desrochers, Edouard 
Frenette, Alphonse 
Feeney, James 



Audette, J. C. 
Asselin, L. 
Aube, E. 
Berube, L. 
Beland, Richard 
Beaupre, George 
Brindamour, L. 
Beaulieu, A. 
Boucher, A. 
Boulet, F. X. 
Beaudoin, J. 
Boivin, A. 
Breton, G. 
Boissel, F. 
Boissel, J. 
Belisle, D. 
Boissonnault, A. 
Bedard, M. 
Barrette, A. 
Beaudry, H. 
Barrette, V. 
Bissonnette, A. 



Gauvreau, Frank 
Gladu, Albert 
Gamache, Oyila 
Gauthier, Gilbert 
Gagne, Theodore 
Gagne, Louis 
Gour, Louis 
Guay, Romeo 
Hogue, Raoul 
Huot, Norbert 
Hamel, Francois 
Jeannotte, J. 
Joly, Rosaire 
Lacoste, Achille 
Lalumiere, George Emile 
Larocque, Elanzo 
Lapalme, Albert 
L'Esperance, Rosario 
Leduc, Herve 
Lecunier, Leopold 
Lavoie, Edmond 
Lalonde, Aristide 
Loranger, Vincent 
Lapointe, Edouard 
Lagade, Elphege 
Lecours, George 
Lord, William 
Lemieux, Ovila 
Lafond, Emile 
Mprency, Albert 
Mitchell, Joseph 
Mitchell, Romeo 
Monette, Ferdinand 



No. 8 COMPANY 

Bernier, A. 
Charbonneau, T. 
Clavet, W. 
Cantin, A. 
Cook, F. 
Charbot, E. 
Caron, P. 
Cantin, G. 
Declos, G. J. 
Dion, W. 
Duplain, F. 
Drouin, F. 
Delongchamps, J. 
Demers, Aime 
Dubois, R. 
Debois, A. 
Drouin, L. 
Fournel, G. 
Fortier, A. 
Foy, W. J. 
Martin, A. 
Guimont, J. 



Manceau, Charles 
Marquis, Alphonse 
Metias, Rodolphe 
Manerceau, Leopold 
Noel, Leonard 
Potvin, Louis 
Petelle, Ludovic 
Pigeon, Raoul 
Petit, Andre 
Paradis, Jos. C. 
Perrault, Charles 
Quintin, Emile 
Roy, Antonio 
Reeves, J. A. 
Roy, Joseph 
Ratte, Louis 
Senecal, F. E. 
St. Aubin, Arthur 
St. Jean, Joseph 
Saulnier, Albert 
St. Louis, William 
Savage, Damase 
Simard, Emile 
Simard, Arthur 
Smithers, Thomas 
St. Ambrum, Pascal 
Terrien, Ernest 
Toinon, Raoul 
Turmaine, Simean 
Van Reeth, Michel 
Venne, Aime 
Vachon, Ovila 
Wattier, Oscar 



Grifford, G. 
Gauthier, T. 
Gomez, J. 
Giroux, U. 
Gravel, Joseph 
Gouedard, C. A. 
Gaudet, R. 
Gagnon, L. 
Goulet, E. 
Girard, P. 
Gagnon, P. 
Gignad, N. 
Giroux, G. 
Gagne, E. 
Houle, R. 
Henrick, L. 
Huard, E. 
Kirouoc, L. 
Landry, Joseph 
Kirouac, A. 
Larsen, O. 
Lajoie, E. 



REGIMENT ROYAL CANADIEN 



99 



No. 8 COMPANY Continued 



Lemelin, L. 
Letourneau, Jos. 
Legace, Joseph 
Laferriere, Geo. 
Lord, J. A. 
Lafontaine, Jules 
Letourneau, Louis 
Lauzier, E. 
Larue, G. 
Laflamme, D. 
Lemelin, O. 
Laroche, A. 
Leclerc, A. 
Leclerc, V. 
Lawless, F. M. 
Labranche, A. 
Lafrance, Fren. 
Martel, J. 
Morneau, A. 



Michaud, A. J. 
Matte, Alfred 
Metivier, F. 
Martel, J. A. 
Matte, P. 
Moreau, A. 
Morin, E. 
Metayer, E. 
Massicotte, F. 
Ouellette, A. 
Odesse, A. 
Patry, E. A. 
Plourde, E. 
Plante, Charles 
Pelosse, H. 
Picard, C. A. 
Petitclerc, E. 
Paquette, C. 
Poirier, E. 



Pons, J. B. 
Roy, J. B. 
Roy, A. 
Richard, J. 
Richard, A. 
Racine, Leon 
Racine, Joseph 
Racine, Louis 
Sylvain, J. 
Sirois, A. 
Thivierge, D. 
Tremblay, P. 
Tacaille, G. 
Tanguay, O. 
Vezina, A. 
Vailleux, S. 
Vallee, E. M. 
Voiselle, A. 



Clin, J. 

Boulanger, Richard 
Boulanger, L. 
Cote, J. L. 
Dugal, Jules 
Dorocho, Theo. 



MACHINE GUN SECTION 

Dufresne, Jules 
Fortin, Max. 
Green, C. F. 
Lapierre, Arthur 
Larochelle, George 



Lambert, Arthur 
Mitchaud, A. 
Nuthroom, A. 
Pilotte, P. H. 
Raymond, Placide 



"And there was mounting in hot haste: 
The steed, the must'ring squadron, and the clatt'ring car 
Went pouring forward with impetuous speed, 
And]swiftly forming in the ranks of war." 




Field-Marshal H.R.H the Duke of Connaughc reviewing Canadian Troops at Valcartier. 

Infantry passing in review, Valcartier, H.R.H the Duke of Connaught and Major-General 
S. Hughes in foreground. 

Col. V. A. S. Willliams (x) and Staff inspecting infantry at Valcartier. 

Men of Grenadier Guards, who form part of 23rd Battalion, drilling in snow on Fletcher's 
Field. 



Field Company 
Canadian Engineers 



One hundred and forty members of the Field Company 
Canadian Engineers were recruited and ready to leave Montreal 
by December 5, within a week after instructions were received. 
Seventy of the men were enlisted from No. 4 Field Company, 
and the balance were raised by Georges Janin, city engineer. 
The detachment left here in command of Capt. R. McC. Lyle, 
with Lieuts. Sullivan and Charlebois, and Mr. Janin. 



Following is a list of the men from No. 4 Field Company : 



SERGEANT 
J. McLaren 

CORPORALS 
J. Ibbetson 
T. Rootes 
D. G. Smart 
T. Thompson 
W. J. Crone 
R. Turner 

SAPPERS 
W. E. B. Fryer 

C. Robinson 

D. Millar 

T. D. Davies 
G. M. Hall 
W. Sheret 
Oag 
I. Weir 
. G. Long 
F. B. Hirst 
A. M. Inglis 
C. H. McDonald 
L. Ingmire 



w 

t 



S. W. Shackell 
J. K. Ash worth 

D. A. Scarnickia 
J. W. Minshull 
H. Schofield 

F. A. Pankhurst 

W. Day 

A. McGregor 

H. Joyce 

A. Hutchinson 

A. Down 

J. Murphy 

E. H. James 
D. Wilson 
A. Beamiss 
W. Ashley 
H. Salmon 

F. W. McLean 
W. P. Hone 

J. Ferguson 

A. E. Ward 

B. Bacon 
A. J. Castell 
J. Hay 

C. E. Burgess 



J. Hester 
C. M. C. Hoyt 
O. Grandison 
L. E. Vyall 

F. Henson 
J. Brownie 
S. J. Pippin 
A. Grant 

W. G. Sugden 

J.Jack 

J. R. Lane 

P. T. Crowther 

G. Baker 
W. Bailey 
G. J. Dodd 
E. Coleman 
J. Lee 

N. C. Douglas 
W. E. Oliver 
G. M. Gordon 
J. V. R. Rayner 
W. M. Ransford 
H. A. Bertlin, 
J. F. Smith 
A. S. Parkes 



9 
102 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



The men who enlisted under Mr. Janin are: 



SERGEANTS 
F. Moisan 
A. Lefebvre 

SAPPERS 

A. Beaudin 
L. DeGrave 

B. Diriberry 
W. Devoy 
L. Frisee 

C. Rochez 
A. Maltais 
M. Pro vain 
A. Gilbert 

C. Barbier 
J. Couard 
V. Dejaegar 

D. Deprez 
O. Desmarais 
V. Devildere 
A. Delbecque 
C. Eggermont 

E. Franchette 
J. Girouard 
A. Gothals 



J. Herreboudt 
A. Mermet 
A. Normandin 
C. Paulin 
E. Pichon 
J. Vermesse 
A. Ross 

E. Roux 

A. E. Moisan 
A. Richard 
A. Radoux 
V. Gilardin 
H. Craemar 

F. Lambert 
J. A. Labelle 
M. Rioux 
V. Trompler 
P. Dupont 
C. Walry 

A. Limon 
E. Pettetier 
L. Gagne 
H. Messier 
J. Maloney 
T. Van Honste 



H. Van Sweevold 

J. Vandenabeele 

G. Simonon 

C. Vanhaverbeke 

J. Sauveur 

C. Spiessent 

H. Kerr 

F. Walker 

C. Howard 

F. Kane 

C. Parr 

T. Breen 

H. Cowan 

J. Connolly 

J. Ryan 

J. Stewart 

P. Hamel 

B. Fletcher . 
A. Ware 

H. Keelan 

C. Keuninckx 
L. Campernolle 
J. King 



"Father of earth and heaven I call thy name! 

Round me the smoke and shout of battle roll; 
My eyes are dazzled with the rustling flame; 

Father, sustain an untried soldier's soul; 
Or life, or death, whatever be the goal 

That crowns or closes round this struggling hour, 
Thou knowest if ever from my spirit stole 

One deeper prayer, 'twas that no cloud might lower 
On my young fame! O hear! God of Eternal Power!" 

"Now for the fight now for the cannon peal 

Forward through blood and toil and cloud and fire! 
'Glorious the shout, the shock, the crash of steel, 

The volley's roll, the rocket's blasting spire; 
They shake like broken waves their squares retire, 

On them, hussars! Now give them rein and heel; 
Think of the orphaned child, the murdered sire: 

Earth cries for blood, in thunder on them wheel ! 
This hour to Europe's fate shall set the triumph-seal!" 



The Irish Canadian Rangers 



While preparations were under way for the sending away of Canada's First 
Contingent for Overseas Service sight was not lost of the need of additional 
defence at home. Existing militia regiments increased their strength and their 
sprang into existence new regiments for home service. Notable among these 
were the Irish Canadian Rangers of Montreal, later gazetted as the 55th Regiment, 
and the Westmount Rifles. 

The moving spirit in the raising of the first named regiment was Coi. H. J. 
Trihey, the well known Montreal lawyer. Col. Trihey conceived the idea 
of a force recruited entirely from the Irish Canadian population of Montreal 
and was supported in the movement by W. P. O'Brien, later gazetted Major. 

Recruits were called for, and the Irish Canadians rallied to the call, with the 
result that within a very short time the regiment was at a creditable strength 
and received official recognition from the Department of Militia, being gazetted 
the 55th Regiment, Irish Canadian Rangers of Montreal. Col. Trihey was 
appointed Officer Commanding, with Major W. P. O'Brien second in command, 
and Capt. E. T. Reynolds, adjutant. Dr. E. J. Mullaly became surgeon to the 
regiment with the rank of Honorary Lieutenant, P.M. McCaffery was ap- 
pointed Paymaster, also with the rank of Honorary Lieutenant, P. H. Dillon 
became Quartermaster and Rev. William H. Hingston, S.J., Chaplain, ranking, 
like the foregoing, as Honorary Lieutenant. Hon. C. J. Doherty, became Hono- 
rary Lieutenant-Colonel. Officers in command of companies are Captain M, 
J. McCrory, first in command of No. 1 Company; Captain H. J. McKeon, 
second in command No. 1 Company; Capt. W. M. Weir, first in command No. 2 
Company; Capt. W. J. Shaughnessy, second in command No. 2 Company; 
B. J. Hughes, first in command No. 3 Company; W. P. Kearney, second in 
command No. 3 Company; Capt. J. S. Dohan, first in command No. 4 Company; 
John Knox Leet, second in command No. 4 Company. 

All the foregoing officers have been duly gazetted. The lieutenants of the 
regiment, up to the time of writing, were provisionally appointed and had not been 
gazetted. 



Montreal Home Guard 



The Home Guard movement in Montreal was one of the most interesting 
developments of the home defence preparations. Montreal claims no credit as 
having been the first city in the Dominion to inaugurate the Home Guard move- 
ment. Montreal is entitled to the credit, however, of being the first city in the 
Dominion to bring the idea to a successful issue. In the early stages of the 
European conflict when rumors were rife of the probability of Americo-German 
raids on Canada from over the border line of the United States, the Home 
Guard idea made its appearance in several places at the same time. There were 
not lacking large numbers of business men beyond the middle age who felt it 
their duty to prepare themselves for the defence of their homes, should such 
defence become necessary, but were not, for various reasons, able to ally them- 
selves with any of the established militia corps. Their thoroughly worthy in- 
tentions, and the Home Guard idea itself, received something of a set-back, 
however, when the Militia authorities frankly declared that every available 
rifle in the country and every rifle which could be produced, was needed to pro- 
vide the contingents being raised for Overseas Service and for the use of the 
established Militia Regiments throughout the Dominion. It was at this point 
that Montreal succeeded where the Home Guard in other places languished. 
Mr. J. N. Greenshields, K.C. gave a fillip to the movement by the simple 
suggestion that every member enrolling in the Home Guard of Montreal should 
provide himself with a rifle. There were rifles to be obtained elsewhere outside of the 
Dominion. It needed money to buy them. The Militia Department, up to its 
eyes in work with the regulars, had no money nor rifles for Home Guards. The 
only solution was for the Home Guardsmen to furnish the money themselves. 
And they did. 

A committee including some of the most influential business men of Montreal 
was organised and through their efforts the Home Guard of Montreal became an 
accomplished fact. Recruits came forward in large numbers, agreeing to furnish 
the wherewithal to equip themselves with rifles and such other accoutrements as 
might be decided on. 

The committee in charge of the arrangements for the Home Guard was 
made up as follows: J. N. Greenshields, K.C., chairman; Lieut.-Col. Geo. 
Starke, Lieut.-Col. Hutchison, Robert Bickerdike, M.P., R. J. Dale, A. J. Brown, 
K.C., E. L. Pease, E. C. Pratt, P. P. Cowans, D. C. Macarow, John D. Oppe, 
William Lyall, J. W. Pyke, David Law, H. W. Beauclerk, F. W. Tofield, Dr. 
Milton L. Hersey, D. Gallery, F. L. Wanklyn, and Alexander Warden, Secretary. 



McGill Training Corps 

BY PRINCIPAL PETERSON 

The military activities of McGill University may be described 
historically in three stages, first the institution of a department of 
military studies; second the establishment of the McGill Contin- 
gent of the Officers' Training Corps; and thirdly the Provisional 
Battalion. The first was a more or less academic movement; the 
second connected more definitely with the recognised need for 
officers both in the Imperial Army and in the Canadian Permanent 
Force ; and the third was a direct offspring of the great world war. 
.Academically the importance of Military Science, as a special 
branch of study, has come to be increasingly recognised in recent 
years. There is a Professor of the subject at Oxford, where the 
view is generally accepted that it ought to rank alongside depart- 
ments of history, or philosophy, or economics as bearing upon 
one of the most supremely important things in the life of every 
nation. In the University of London a student commencing to 
prepare for his degrees can immediately on entering take Military 
Science as part of his work for a pass degree. It is held that if an 
institution teaches Military Science on university methods the 
excellence of the mental training at once becomes evident. At the 
University of Sydney, in Australia, there is a regular course ex- 
tending over two years and involving attendance at ten lectures 
a term in Military Science, and a series of lectures on Tactics, 
Strategy, Military Administration, Imperial Defence and Field 
Work; so that a student may study Military Science as a whole 
on the same footing as any other department. 

It was with ends such as these in view that, following the 
example of Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Dublin and many 
other seats of learning in the Old Country, McGill started, in 
session 1907-08, a scheme of instruction framed with the view to 
securing officers who have received a genuine university education 
as well as some practical and theoretical training in military 
training. This scheme had the approval, not only of the Militia 
Department at Ottawa, but also of the British War Office. Officers 
of the standing of Lieut. -Col. T. Birchall Wood, Captain Tyrrell, 



J ' 

1 06 THE CALL TO ARMS 



and others, were appointed by the Militia Department to give 
instruction in the following subjects: 

Military History and Strategy 

Military Tactics 

Military Engineering 

Military Topography 

Military Law, and 

Military Administration 

This arrangement may be said to have been the direct outcome 
of the policy inaugurated by Viscount Haldane, as War Secretary, 
in connection with the new Territorial Force. The need for officers 
capable of leadership had come to be increasingly felt, and Lord 
Haldane paid the universities the compliment of acting on his 
conviction that he could look to those who had enjoyed the benefits 
of an all-round university education to supply at least their quota 
of the material best suited for his purpose. 

The Officers' Training Corps was a further step in the same 
direction. It was organised at the commencement of session 1912-13 
under joint regulations of the Canadian Militia Department and 
the War Office in London. Its object was to increase the number 
of men who would be willing, after adequate training, both practical 
and theoretical, to go up for the qualifying examination and so 
entitle themselves to commissions. The first commanding officer 
was Professor Smart, who was succeeded by Professor McKergow. 
This new department met with a very considerable measure of 
success, the corps gathering for weekly drill and a considerable 
proportion of the members following the lecture courses which 
continue to be given by officers appointed by the Militia Depart- 
ment. It cannot be doubted that, apart from the special object 
aimed at, the existence of such a corps, in a country where drill 
and discipline are just as important as elsewhere, was of direct 
benefit to its members, while indirectly it influenced the whole 
attitude of the University to what has been hitherto, throughout 
the course of history, a most important branch of human activity. 

At the commencement of the current session the McGill 
Graduates Society took action with a view to expressing the wide- 
spread conviction that Canadian universities should not be back- 
ward in fulfilling their duty both to the Dominion and to the Em- 
pire. The ancient Persians were brought up in the belief that the 
three fundamentals of a good education were riding, shooting 
with the bow, and speaking the truth; and the McGill graduates 



McGILL TRAINING CORPS 107 

resolved to act in the spirit of Lord Roberts' teaching which, in 
this age of the world's history, has rightly emphasized the im- 
portance of drill and discipline with the added requirement of skill 
with the rifle instead of the bow. After consulting with the Head 
of the Government as to how they could best serve the common 
cause, the Graduates Society arranged for the formation of what has 
been known till now as the Provisional Battalion, consisting of 
students and graduates and other members of the University who 
would undertake to acquire the rudiments of military knowledge and 
get themselves into a condition fit for service. Recruiting was carried 
on with vigour, even before the session opened, under the inspiring 
leadership of Major Geddes, Professor of Anatomy, who was, un- 
fortunately, called away for active service within a few weeks after 
the session began. The numbers speedily rose to six or seven hundred 
including, of course, a large majority who did not enlist for active 
service, but w r ould probably be willing and ready to go to the front 
in the spring or summer if needed, after the close of the University 
session. The stimulus of this example acted very beneficially 
on the whole community, and perhaps nothing brought home to the 
people of Montreal the reality of our stake in the present struggle 
more nearly than the sight every afternoon of hundreds of McGill 
students paraded on the college campus. The Battalion was very 
fortunate in the officers appointed by the promoters to command. 
Leading and influential graduates accepted nomination with 
alacrity, and after the withdrawal of Major Geddes, the University 
was fortunate in securing, with the consent of the Militia Depart- 
ment, the services of Lieut. -Col. Starke to fill the place of Com- 
manding Officer. It need only be added that after receiving 
recognition by the Militia Department at Ottawa as a provisional 
organization it was considered advisable, in the end, to merge this 
new organization in the Officers' Training Corps, the establishment 
of which is now to be raised to a full battalion consisting of 1,000 
men. In addition there has been formed an Officers' Training Corps 
at Macdonald College, which is an incorporated college of McGill 
University; and the enrolment there already amounts to over 150. 
Steps will be taken at the next meeting of Corporation to add to the 
membership of the Committee on Military Studies which has 
existed since 1907, so as to include the President of the McGill 
Graduates Society and others who took an active part in the 
organization of the Provisional Battalion. This committee already 
has the advantage of the co-operation of the General Staff Officer, 



J 

108 THE CALL TO ARMS 

Fourth Division, as well as the Officer Commanding the McGill 
University Contingent of the C.O.T.C. 

The following from the "McGill Daily," of Thursday, 12th 
November, will give a fair idea of the present condition of the 
organization. 

"With the organization of a large number of the members of 
the McGill Battalion, into a larger C.O.T.C. than heretofore, 
McGill has taken an important step. The importance of this 
move on the part of the military organizers at McGill may be 
clearly seen from the following facts. 

"First, trained officers are needed now and will be needed 
more urgently before a year has passed. The casualty lists among 
officers in the British Army, at present, are out of all proportion 
to the casualty lists among the privates. So far, there are very 
few Canadians actually at the front, but when they do reach 
the scene of the fighting there will, no doubt, be many vacancies 
to be filled by a reserve of officers. At present, such a reserve, as 
is desired, is scarcely a material fact; so Canada must devise some 
method of training men to be ready for these positions. This is 
where the C.O.T.C. at McGill will be of the greatest assistance 
to the Canadian government, because it is the aim of this organiza- 
tion to turn out competent officers. 

"Second: With all the members of the O.T.C. directly in 
touch with the officers in command, the standard of training can 
be kept much higher than where the men are scattered around 
various parts of the country attached to different regiments, 
some good, some otherwise. The course of training, here at the 
college, will be carried on in the same manner as any other college 
course; and here there are lecture rooms, draughting rooms, 
and, in fact, every condition necessary to a highly successful 
course. Besides the actual qualifying work the candidates for 
commissions have the advantage of belonging to the McGill 
Battalion, in which they can get training in all the branches of field 
work as employed in actual warfare. 

"The third important fact, about the large Training Corps 
now inaugurated at McGill, is the length of time covered by the 
course. Whereas the usual time taken by a man to qualify for a 
lieutenancy is six weeks spent at a centre such as Halifax or Quebec; 
here, in McGill, the course will last probably till March. With 
such a space of time and the number of lectures which will be 
delivered, also the actual drill, there is no reason why McGill 



McGILL TRAINING CORPS 109 

should not turn out some of the finest if not the very finest officers 
in Canada. 

"These facts give some idea of the seriousness with which 
McGill is settling down to train her men to be officers competent 
to take their place in the militia and hold their positions with 
credit to themselves and to their university. 

"Since August 14th, the members of the McGill C.O.T.C. have 
had more actual field work than any other militia regiment in 
Canada during the last four years. That fact alone should carry 
much weight, but when it is realised that this field work will be 
carried on just as energetically throughout the winter there seems 
to be little doubt that McGill men will never be at a loss to 
know what to do in the region of the firing line. To the uninitiated 
this field work, carried on by the McGill men, might seem to be 
more in the line of giving them a variation from the close order 
drill, on the campus and the Champ de Mars; such is not the case, 
however. The tactics employed in the skirmishes on the mountain 
and around the neighbouring country, are the same as the troops 
at the front are now employing against the Kaiser's men. A 
careful study of the German losses only goes to show how effective 
this method of fighting is against the closed-in-ranks of the Germans. 

"At the meeting in the Engineering Building, on Tuesday, 
Captain Allan Magee told the men that only those who are willing 
to work are desired in the C.O.T.C. This spirit of willingness, 
and, in fact, eagerness to learn, is to be the keynote of the McGill 
C.O.T.C. if indications can be believed. Everyone realizes that 
he is engaging himself for serious work and not merely for the 
pleasant pastime of "playing soldiers." 

"The instructors in the C.O.T.C. have all expressed themselves 
as being more than willing to do all in their power towards turning 
out men, in March, who will be proud to say that they took all 
their qualifying work at McGill." 




Marching out of Barracks at St. Johns, Que. 
5th Royal Highlanders at Valcartier. 



5th Royal Highlanders at Valcartier. 



Men of Canada's Second Contingent, part of 24th Battalion Victoria Rifles 
drilling on Champ de Mars. 



Patriotic Fund 

How a Million and a Half Was Raised in Five Days 

BY J. M. GIBBON 

Twenty years ago, at about six o'clock one Summer morning, 
the writer was one of a company of volunteers engaged on manoe- 
uvres at Shorncliffe, in England, when, over the brow of the hill, 
two riders on horseback came galloping up. Our adjutant saluted 
and, after a few words, put us through our paces. As we reformed 
in line one of the two rode past inspecting us and we knew that he 
was the Duke of Connaught, then in command of that military 
district. This Duke, at least, was no figurehead, but went on duty 
as a soldier should, at sunrise. 

It was because he was a soldier and a good soldier that His 
Royal Highness took such prompt action in initiating the Cana- 
dian Patriotic Fund. During the first sudden fervor after war 
broke out, Canada rushed to arms, eager to make common cause 
with the Motherland. Reservists hurried back to rejoin the colors, 
and from Atlantic to Pacific the recruiting offices were besieged 
by volunteers enlisting for active service. It was because he was 
an old soldier and had lived in camp and barracks that our Governor- 
General remembered, when others might have forgotten, the dark 
side of the shield of glory. He knew the tragedy of the soldier's 
wife and the soldier's children a sordid tragedy which Canada 
has fortunately seldom known but which in England, with its 
many wars, hangs like a nightmare over the barrack yard. 

After consultation with a number of the leading men in 
Canada, a national organization was formed, with local com- 
mittees, to raise funds for and distribute relief to destitute families 
of reservists belonging to any of the allied nations and of those 
who enlisted for active service under the British flag. On August 
26th, His Royal Highness published his message to the Canadian 
Nation announcing the opening of the fund : 

THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL'S APPEAL 

In response to urgent appeals from many parts of 
the Dominion, I inaugurated the Canadian Patriotic 
Fund, the object of which is to provide for the needs 



J 

112 THE CALL TO ARMS 

A 

of the wives, families and dependent relatives of those 
who go to the front to fight the battles of Great Britain 
and her Allies. Unless generous- minded citizens come 
to their aid, there will be, during the coming winter, 
much hardship in many families owing to the absence 
of the bread-winner. I have the greatest confidence 
that those who are in a position to give, need but the 
opportunity of doing so, and that the response will be 
widespread and generous. 

During the past few days the Canadian Patriotic 
Fund has been duly organized, a strong executive, re- 
presenting the whole Dominion, has been appointed, 
and a central bureau established at Ottawa. 

I sincerely hope that in every city and town through- 
out the Dominion, branches of this organization may be 
formed, full particulars of which can be had by addressing 
the Honorary-Secretary, H. B. Ames, M.P., Ottawa. 

By co-operating and harmonizing benevolent efforts 
in this way, the danger of overlapping on the one hand, or 
neglecting deserving communities, on the other hand, 
may be met and overcome. I am convinced that all 
Canadian hearts will go out to their brave fellow-citizens 
who have gone to the front. 

A prompt and hearty response to this appeal will 
put all anxiety at rest about those near and dear to them, 
and will also afford to those who cannot go an opportunity 
of doing their duty to Canada and the Empire. 

(Signed) ARTHUR, 

President, Canadian Patriotic Fund. 

Within forty-eight hours a hundred municipalities had written 
or telegraphed to Ottawa for information on various points in 
connection with the work. So far as Montreal was concerned a 
meeting of representative citizens was held under the auspices of 
the Montreal Board of Trade, and a large committee of leading 
Montrealers was formed which nominated a general committee 
consisting of H. S. Holt, Chairman ; Hon. T. Chase Casgrain, 
:. J. Chamberlm, Lt.-Col. F. M. Cole, Albert Cowan, Mortimer 
B. Davis, T. R. Genin, Sir Hugh Graham, C. R. Hosmer, Hon. 
R. Lemieux, J. J. McGill, H. V. Meredith, R. W. Reford, J. K. 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 113 

L. Ross, W. G. Ross, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, K.C.V.O.; Smeaton 
White. These in turn appointed a finance committee, which 
finally resolved itself into two branches, namely, the general or 
advisory committee, and the executive or active committee, con- 
sisting of W. M. Birks., Vice-Chairman ; J. W. Ross, Hon. -Treasurer; 
A. R. Doble, Hon. -Secretary; D. A. Budge, Armand Chaput, 
Hon. R. Dandurand, Lt.-Col. A. E. Labelle, Herbert Molson, 
Howard Murray, F. L. Wanklyn. 

Subscriptions large and small, both in cash and kind, poured 
in, and immediate cases were dealt with by a Relief Committee 
which adopted the practical methods of the Charity Organization 
Society, and, indeed, used that Society as the nucleus of its own 
organization. 

A notable appeal was issued by Sir Thomas Shaughnessy to 
the officers and employees of the Canadian Pacific Railway: 



CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPANY 
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 

Montreal, August 27th, 1914. 

TO OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES 

A Canadian Patriotic Fund, under the Presidency 
of His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught, is being 
raised in order that the requisite money may be available 
to care for the wives, children and dependents of the men 
who have gone, or will go from Canada, as soldiers in the 
armies of Great Britain and her Allies engaged in the 
present war. 

I earnestly recommend that every officer and em- 
ployee in the service of the Company voluntarily con- 
tribute the equivalent of the salary or wages of one day 
in the money of September, to be deducted from the pay 
roll and to be transmitted to the Canadian Patriotic 
Fund, as the "Contribution of the Officers and Employees 
of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company." 

T. G. SHAUGHNESSY, 

President. 




W. M. BIRKS 
Chairman, Patriotic Fund 

HON. R. DANDURAND 
Ex. Com., Patriotic Fund 

H. S. HOLT 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

E J CHAMBERLIN 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 



J. W. ROSS 
Hon. Treas., Patriotic Fund 

D A. BUDGE 
Ex. Com., Patriotic Fund 

PERCIVAL MOLSON 
Team Captain 

HERBERT MOLSON 
Ex. Com., Patriotic Fund 



A. R. DOBLE 
Hon. Sec., Patriotic Fund 

LT.-COL. LABELLE 
Ex. Com., Patriotic Fund 

HOWARD MURRAY 
Ex. Com., Patriotic Fund 

H. V MEREDITH 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 115 

This "One Day's Pay" idea was recognized by a large number 
of firms as an exceedingly practical method of enabling their 
employees to contribute to the Patriotic Fund in accordance with 
their means, so that the idea bore .fruit one hundred fold. In the 
case of the Canadian Pacific the result was a contribution of 
$141,738.64, under the "One Day's Pay" scheme, in addition 
to the sum of $100,000 voted by the directors of the Company 
to the Montreal Branch of the Fund. 

The success of whirlwind campaigns in raising funds for the 
Y.M.C.A. and for McGill University led the Montreal Com- 
mittee to believe that some such concentrated effort would be the 
best method of securing a large sum in a short time for the Patriotic 
Fund. The organization of a whirlwind campaign for the week 
commencing September 14th was therefore set in motion. 

In daily meetings at the Montreal Club the plans were made 
for mobilizing captains and teams, for mapping out the country 
to be attacked, for supplying the food and ammunition for a 
vigorous offensive on the pockets of our generous citizens. A 
whole fortnight was given over to this preparatory work. The 
organizers of the Campaign were business men who knew that 

(1) the public must be fully convinced that there was geniune 
distress and that the money raised would be wisely administered; 

(2) that the citizens who were to give up a week of their time to 
canvassing for subscriptions should have time to arrange their 
plans and sound their friends; (3) that the secretarial and auditing 
organization must be adequate and tuned up to deal with the 
enormous correspondence and influx of money. 

The co-operation of the Montreal press was necessary, and it 
,was gratifying to the Committee to find that the proprietors and 
editors of both French and English, morning and evening papers, 
opened their columns without reserve to the cause of the Patriotic 
Fund. Special reporters were detailed to investigate the necessity 
for relief, and in this way the public was awakened to the urgency 
of the situation created by the war. Surely it would be a hard 
heart that was unmoved by such tales as these: - 

From The Star, September 2, 1914: "When a representative 
of The Star called at the office there were at least a dozen women 
waiting to make application to have their names placed on the lists. 
The majority of them carried babies, and in a vacant room across 
the hall from the committee room a woman with a baby was being 



u6 THE CALL TO ARMS 



questioned by one of the willing workers of the women's com- 
mittee. The baby, it was learned, had whooping cough and so, 
with a woman's regard for the necessity of keeping the little one 
away from others, the mother had been taken to an improvised 
quarantine while her case was attended to. 

"Some of the mothers were red-eyed and had apparently not 
yet become reconciled to the idea of husbands leaving them to go 
to the battlefields, from which they might not return. But stern 
necessity and prudence compelled them to register, so that they 
might participate in the fund being raised for their benefit. 

"A few days ago a telephone message told of death having 
entered the home of one of the volunteers, and the mother mourned 
the loss of a child, while grieving over the absence of the father at 
Valcartier. As this was a case for immediate investigation, one 
of the committee visited the home, tried to comfort the bereaved 
mother and volunteered emergency, as well as regular assistance." 

From The Montreal Gazette, September j, 1014: "A young 
woman, really a girl-wife with a tiny baby, appeared at the Com- 
mittee Room to ask whether something could not be done to induce 
her landlord to give her time to meet the rent bill. She said that 
she had only forty cents in the world, but that she was not worrying 
so much about money for food at the moment, as she was about 
now to placate the owner of the flat in which she lived. Her 
total indebtedness, she said, was $13.00, and this was for the month 
of August, but she had been informed that this must be paid at 
once, or she must move out immediately. The case appeared so 
extreme that an investigation was made at once, when it was 
discovered that the story was true in all particulars. When the 
landlord was located, and endeavor made to have him exercise 
a little patience if he would not show a little mercy, he replied 
that the rent was due, and he meant to have it. Evidently he 
thought that the money would be immediately forthcoming from 
the Relief Fund, but, if so, he soon discovered his mistake, for he 
was informed that for the time being, money was being applied 
only for the purchase of food and other pressing necessities, and 
none would be diverted to pay rent. At the same time he was 
notified that the committee would keep in touch with the case, 
and that trouble would certainly follow, if the woman were thrown 
upon the street before she had time to receive money either from 
her husband or from the Government. 




C. R. HOSMER 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

J. J. McGILL 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

SMEATON WHITE 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

H. B. AMES, M.P. 

Hon Secy., Patriotic Fund 

Headquarters, Ottawa 



SIR1THOMAS SHAUGHNESSY. 
^ K.C.V.O. 

| Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

HON. T. CHASE CASGRAIN 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

LT.-COL. F. MINDEN COLE 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

J. N. GREENSHIELDS. K.C. 
Father of Home Guard 



HON. R. LEMIEUX 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

J. K. L ROSS 

Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

Active Service. 

W. G. ROSS 
Gen. Com., Patriotic Fund 

F. L. WANKLYN 
Ex. Com.. Patriotic Fund 



$ . . - 

Il8 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

"One man who went with the Princess Patricia contingent 
has left six children, of whom one is a cripple and another a semi- 
invalid none of them wage-earning. He had been a carpenter, 
but out of work for some months. Another left eight children, 
all under thirteen years of age. His wife died last spring and the 
children have been looked after by a step-grandmother, but that 
old lady has only room for one in her own house, and keeps an 
eye on the others a few doors off. Another wife has a particularly 
sad experience to relate. Her husband and two elder sons have 
gone to the front, depriving the house of its three bread-winners. 
A third son is about to enlist. This still leaves five children. One 
of the curious cases is that of a woman who started to walk round the 
world with her husband. They had reached Fort William when the 
war broke out. He came back to Montreal and enlisted." 

From the Montreal Daily Mail, September 5, 1914: "I never 
knew there was so much misery in Montreal," declared Mr. 
Alexander Rough, who has been placed in charge of the distribution 
department. 

"The situation of many women who, with children hanging 
to their skirts, come frequently to Mr. Rough is the harder because 
their husbands were penniless when they joined the service. They 
had been laid off their regular positions when the first sign of 
hard times appeared, and had been able to earn money only at 
intervals after. The families of the British and other army reservists 
are in serious plights. The reservist's pay amounts to but little, 
and the upkeep of a great proportion of their families has been 
left to the patriotism of those who have not been called." 

All the while the Relief Committee was receiving pitiful 
letters each day, and the publication of these stirred up Montreal 
as it was never stirred before. Here are two typical appeals: 

"Dear Sir: I am very sorry to have to ask for help, but 
really can't help it. I called at the Armoury on Bleury Street, 
last Friday, and explained my situation, but so far have not heard 
anything. My husband is with - - Company, - - Highlanders. 
He had been out of work for some time and the day he left Montreal 
I had not one cent and owed 9 dollars room rent will you please 
try and help me, no matter how little, until I get a position of 
some kind. I believe I will get some of my husband's pay but 
don't know when that will be." 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 119 

"Dear Madam: I belong to the - , and I am a married 
man and I like it very much that I will only be please when we 
are on the move to the front. I would be very pleased endeed 
if some one would go and see my wife and three children because 
I know that they would like a little help. I send all my money 
that I get but that do not go very far so I do hope somethink will 
be done for them." 

Several of the Executive Committee had served in the McGill 
Campaign, and the experience of Mr. D. A. Budge of the Y.M.C.A., 
who had campaigned both for McGill and the Y.M.C.A., was 
enlisted for the secretarial organization. 

Mr, John W. Ross undertook the duties of Hon. Treasurer, 
while the secretarial duties were taken in hand by Mr. A. R. Doble. 

The headquarters were at first in offices lent by C. Meredith 
& Co., and then were transferred during campaign week to the 
Windsor Hotel. 

Through the courtesy of the Board of the General Hospital, 
the Committee had at its disposal a carefully prepared list of 
Montreal citizens who were known to be generous to charities 
three thousand names. This list was divided up among the twenty- 
two Captains, each of whom had a team of his own selection. 
There was naturally some friendly competition among the Captains 
for the most promising names, so a Trouble Department was 
appointed, consisting 'of Howard Hurray and Herbert Molson. 
Claims were adjudicated in the Rose Room with much good 
humour. 

"Who claims Mr. So-and-so?" Mr. Murray would ask. 
"He is mine" said one Captain. "I stumped for 1 him at the last 
election." "Yes, and he lost," said another. "! claim him as a 
close friend of his mother-in-law." Awarded to the other unan- 
imously^ 

The Captains and teams were so chosen as to cover all the 
races represented in so cosmopolitan a city as Montreal the 
French-Canadians entering into the Campaign with just as much 
enthusiasm as the English, while an Irish team, under Alderman 
Thomas O'Connell, came out fourth on the list. The remarkable 
generosity of the Syrian Colony was one of the pleasant surprises 
of the Campaign. The Belgian Colony also made a brave showing. 

The Campaign was officially opened by H.R.H. the Duke of 
Connaught, who came specially from Ottawa to speak on its behalf 




D. LORNE McGIBBON 

Hon. Colonel 6th Brigade Field 

Artillery 

J M. GIBBON 

Publicity Manager, " Whirlwind 
Campaign." 

HENRI HICQUET 
Team Captain 

ISAAC FRIEDMAN 
Team Captain 



MORTIMER B. DAVIS 
Gen. Com. Pat. Fund 

LIEUT. MAURICE BURKE 
23rd Battalion, Active Service. 

J. S. ROBERTSON 
Team Captain 

CLARENCE SMITH 
Manager, Relief Committee 



R. W. REFORD 
Gen. Com. Pat. Fund 

T. J. GUERIN 
Team Captain 

D. S. KERR 
Team Captain 

L. A. CARON 
Team Captain 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 121 

at a luncheon arranged by the Canadian Club of Montreal. The 
audience overflowed into the passage from the hall where the lun- 
cheon was held, and the wild enthusiasm of the eight hundred 
present augured well for the coming campaign. 

"I little thought," said the Duke, who spoke in simple, 
manly fashion, without notes, "the last time I was the guest of a 
Canadian Club, at Toronto, that the next time would be in a time 
of great stress for the Empire, a time when it would be necessary 
for all true Britishers, no matter what part of the world they might 
be in, to rally around the King and the Empire. 

"I always expected that they would answer the call of duty, 
but I honestly own that I had no idea how strong was the nation- 
ality until I saw the response to the appeal of our Gracious Sover- 
eign that came from every portion of the Empire. 

" I assure you that I take it as a great honour that I have been 
invited to speak to you to-day on this important subject, a call 
which has met with so noble a response from the whole Dominion. 
This Patriotic Fund, as you know, is not merely for our own naval 
and military men, but for the reservists of France, Belgium and 
Russia our Allies. It was thought wisely I hope you will agree 
that all these men fighting with us against Germany should be 
treated alike. I am sure our friends of France, Belgium and 
Russia will appreciate the thought that we are with them in this 
matter. 

"T wish you every success in your endeavor, which has my 
entire sympathy, and I honestly believe the fund will be ad- 
ministered in a manner which will appeal to everyone. Many 
of our best men are going to the front to fight for our Empire, 
and I think it is our duty, remaining at home, to do what we can 
for their families. That is a national duty which we are doing in 
our own way, just as much as those gallant men who have gone to 
the front. 

"No one who has read that short and dignified despatch of 
Field Marshal Sir John French can possibly be unmoved by the 
thrilling account he gives of the manner in which our generals, 
officers and men have nobly upheld the best traditions, not only 
of the British Army, but of our Empire. I am sure if any incentive 
to make us give generously were needed this would give it, and I 
am sure I am voicing the feelings of every man here when I say 
we are proud to be their fellow subjects." 



9 

122 THE CALL TO ARMS 

'% 

The Hon. Rodolphe Lemieux followed with an eloquent 
appeal, all the more inspiring as it came from a French-Canadian: 

"If I had to tell my own compatriots," he said, "where they 
would find inspiration, I would tell them to read the speeches of 
John Redmond and General Botha. They will find that in Ireland, 
as in South Africa, the minority is happy to join the majority in 
this conflict. And from Canada, English and French speaking 
citizens will go to fight together in the common cause. 

"To my French-speaking fellow citizens I will say that British 
institutions are at stake in this war, and that they are in honor 
bound to stand by the Mother Country in this hour of trial. I 
tell them that to be a British subject means to be a free man, 
enjoying full religious and civil liberty and equality before the law. 
Other countries had not the same liberties, as was shown by this 
war, and the position of Alsace and Lorraine. 

"This is in my opinion a just war, and its outcome will either 
mean that the liberties we enjoy in this era shall be maintained or 
will disappear. As a descendant of Old France I am proud that in 
such a struggle France has the support of Great Britain and Bel- 
gium, and Russia. 

"We have already prepared a contingent of 25,000 men ready 
to start for the firing line, but others will follow, and if necessary,, 
fifty, seventy-five, yes, a hundred thousand Canadians will rally 
around the colors to fight for liberty, justice and civilization. 
It is for us to see that their families, their widows and orphans 
are cared for. Let each do his share, and thus partially at least 
relieve the anxieties of the men who so freely and joyfully offer 
their lives for the triumph of our assailed yet cherished liberties 
under the British flag." 

The Canadian Club supplied a number of volunteers for the 
teams and the final rally of team workers previous to the actual 
campaign was held on the evening of Friday, September llth, 
when the list of names was divided up and instructions were given 
as to the rules to be observed. 

In order to report progress and maintain enthusiasm, all 
workers undertook to meet daily at luncheon during the Campaign. 
Each luncheon had its special Chairman and Speaker for the day. 
The following is the list of Captains with their teams: 




PATRIOTIC FUND f WHIRLWIND CAMPAIGN" TEAM CAPTAINS 
J. W. McCONNELL W. H. C. MUSSEN N. B. STARKE 

J. A/BEAUDRY R. J. YOUsIGE H. D. KINGSTONE 

U. H. DANDURAND E. G M. CAPE ROYAL EWING 

ALD. THOS. O'CONNELL P. MYITHIEU G.H.MONTGOMERY 



A 

124 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



LIST OF WORKERS ON VARIOUS TEAMS CANADIAN PATRIOTIC 

FUND 

TEAM No. 1 J. A. Beaudry, Capt. 



Desloges, Dr. A. H. 
Grandpre, F. H. De 
Gareau, J. O. 
Meunier, Theodore 
Fortier, Ad. 
Gagne, J. C. 
Laurendeau, A. 
Cousineau, J. M. Raoul 
Boileau, J. D. 
Thomas, J. W. 



Williams, H. A. 
Evans, O. O. 
Bittues, A. A. 
Peters, J. 

Marechal, L. Theo. 
St. Charles, F. X. 
Morssen, W. M. 
Crawford, A. B. 
Desrosiers, Gust. 



TEAM No. 2 



Team did not materialize, but on the last day of the Campaign 
was replaced by a team for Montreal West which collected $3000. 



TEAM No. 3 E. G. M. Cape, Capt. 



Me Master, Ross 
Pillow, Howard 
Kingman, Abner, Jr. 
Sise, Paul F. 
Birks, J. H. 



Marler, H. M. 
Dawes, Kenneth 
Birchall, A. S. 
Vipond, W. S. 



TEAM No. 4 L. A. Caron, Capt. 



Garreau, Gustave 
Villeneuve, J. A. 
Valiquette, Antonio 
Bernier, J. P. 
Baillargeon, J. B. 
Meerschen, Theo. Vander 
Labrecque, J. O. 
Charbonneau, C. J. E. 



Bubeau, J. G. 
Deschaux, A. F. 
Lajoie, L. 
Brais, P. 
Provost, P. 
Constantineau, P. 
Malo, Arthur 



TEAM No. 5 U. H. Dandurand, Capt. 



Tarte, Eugene 
Geoffrion, L. E. 
Martin, Chas. E. 
Dugal, A. J. 
Girard, A. 
McNanee, Geo. A. 
Valiquette, N. J. 
Bourassa, E. 



Berthiaume, A. 
Caron, A. L. 
Brodeur, A. N. 
Labelle, H. P. 
Rivard, L. C. 
Chretien, Achille 
Tarte, A. 



TEAM *Xo. 6 Royal Ewing, Capt. 



Barclay, Malcolm 
MacKinnon, Gordon 
Stark, Robert 
Rawlings, H. E. 
Dunlop, A. C. 
Marler, Woodward 



Languedoc, Errol, K.C. 
MacMaster, A. R., K.S. 
Murphy, A. McA. 
Saxe, C. J. 
Ewing, A. S. 
Lyman, George 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 125 



TEAM No. 7 David S. Kerr, Capt. 



Adams, Dr. Frank D. 
Leach, W. H. 
Scott, Robert C. 
McLean, W. B. 
Spelman, James 
Rolph, Harold 
Patch, Howard 
Gomery, Roland 
McLeod, Prof. C. H. 
McKee, J. H. 
Brown, W. Godbee 



Rye, R. C. 
Todd, Frederick G. 
Skelton, F. A. 
Smith, Pemberton 
Clark, T. D. 
Ross- Ross, Elcho 
Malouf, E. K. 
Boosamra, Salim 
Jargour, Geo. J. 
Cazen, C. de 
Taylor, Charles W. 



TEAM No. 8 Isaac Friedman, Capt. 



Hersch, M. J. 
Cohen, Lyon 
Jacobs, J. A. 
Friedman, C. L. 
Boas, A. B. 
Sommer, A. 
Cooper, Fred. 
Wotherspoon, Stewart 
Michaels, A. 



Eiersch, J. A. 
Kellert, J. 
^evine, H. M. 



Hersch, 
Kellert, 
Levine, 
Hart, Allan 
Alexander, A. J. 
Cohen, A. Z. 
Stevenson, T. J. 
Ellicott, H. W. 



Tarn, Alfred 
Montpetit, Edward 
Lasalle, Eugene 
Daoust, Emilien 



TEAM No. 9 J. R. Genin, Capt. 

Patenaude 

Desaulniers, Gonzalve 
Valle, Arthur 



TEAM'No. 10 Thomas Guerin, Jr., Capt. 



McDougald, Dr. N. L. 
Casgrain, Pierre 
Cleary, V. J. 
Laverley, F. J. 
McCrory, M. J. 
Hackett, J. G. 



Shaw, F. W. 
Nelson, James 
Innes, J. R. 
Hingston, Basil 
Harwood, Aug. 
O'Brien, Ambroise 



TEAM No. 11 Henri Hicguett, Capt. 



Mouton, Leoy 
Montezano, M. 
Gorney, Paul 
Goulet, Prof. G. G. 
Boeck, E. de 
Francq, Gus. 



Ghyssens, A. 
Stubbe, G. 
Toussaint, J. 
Boisecriant, H. 
Desjardins, J. 



TEAM No. 12 T. P. Howard, Capt. 



Smith, Howard C. 
Carter, C. Herbert 
Wardleworth, T. H. 
Desbarat, W. A. 
Copland, J. P. 
Leslie, W. S. 
Meldrum, H. T. 
Colby, J. R. 



Bowie, Gordon 
Drake, J. H. 
Kinnlin, J. 
Coghlan, B. W. 
Irvine, A. M. 
Irwin, John 
Hayes, W. J. 
Watson, John 



126 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



TEAM No. 13 H. D. Kingstone, Capt. 



Steven, R. S. 
Riley, George 
Hughes, V. J. 
White, S. B. 
Ward, V. 
Stewart, T. McA. 
Pitfield, W. C. 
Browning, A. 



Redmont, R. 
Savage, E. B. 
Simpson, Brian 
McCuaig, Stuart 
Mackay, J. A. 
Parker, E. G. 
Boyle, H. G. 
Coghlin, G. R. 



TEAM No. 14 J. W. McConnell, Capt. 



Wilson, F. Howard 
Sherrard, J. H. 
Rodd, Col. J. G. 
Ballantyne, C. C. 
Shepherd, W. G. M. 
Hersey, Dr. M. L. 
Donner, O. W. 



Smyth, R. N. 
Wilson, Hon. J. M. 
Carson, Col. 
Timmins, L. H. 
Webster, L. C. 
Woodburn, E. J. 
O'Brien, W. P. 



Bastien, F. de S. 
Lacoste, P. 
Rolland, J. B. 
Casgrain, Hon. 
Grenier, A. 
Emard, Chas. 
Du verger, H. 



TEAM No. 15 A. P. Mathieu, Capt. 

Ducharme, G. N. 
Loranger, J. H. 
Beique, Hon. F. L. 
Lamarre, J. A. 
Beaubien, C. P. 
Boulet, Dr. 



TEAM No. 16 Percival Molson, Capt. 



Browne, H. D. 
Farrell, G. W. 
Hooper, Geo. R. 
Mackenzie, Phillip 
MacTier, A. D. 
McDonald, Geo. C. 
Mathias, P. F. 



Molson, Walter 
Ogilvie, A. E. 
Ogilvie, G. L. 
Reford, L. L. 
Sise, G. F., Jr. 
Douglas, H. P. 



TEAM No. 17 G. H. Montgomery, K.C., Capt. 



Drinkwater, Graham 
Angus, W. D. 
Lewis, G. G. 
Magee, A. A. 
Cook, J. W. 
Davies, P. T. 
Stevenson, S. W. 
Alexander, Maurice 
Sise, E. F. 



Drury, P. M. 
Hart, E. J. 
Chipman, A. R. 
McMurtry, R. O. 
Shaughnessy, W. T. 
Beck, Esmond 
Cowans, Douglas 
Davidson, Hugh 



TEAM No. 18 W. H. C. Mussen, Capt. 

Anderson, A. D. Lambert, Hugh M. 

Bernard, E. A. Mackay, Hugh 

Boyer, Guy McCall, K. T. 

Cleghorn, Jos. McKim, Anson 

Dawes, N. J. MacNutt, R. R. 

Howard, Robert Macpherson, R. R. 

Black, Chas. M. Robertson, A. Scott 
Hodgson, W. C. 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 127 

TEAM No. 19 Thos. O'Connell, Capt. 

Moore, T. Weldon, Alderman 

McCrory, P. Robertson, C. M. 

Stack, M. J. Johnston, Jas. 

O'Brien, P. T. Trihey, H. 

McDonald, Duncan Hushion, Alderman 

Boyd, Alderman " Ward, Alderman 

TEAM No. 20 Jno. S. Robertson, Capt. 

Shaw, Fred. J. Nops, Sydney 

Sandeman, Arthur A. Watts, J. D. 

McNutt, Jas. K. Rutherford, Wm. 

Vipond, A. Homer Mathewson, J. Arthur 

Robertson, Duncan Wanklyn, Andrew A. 
Cook, J. M. 

TEAM No. 21 N. B. Stark, Capt. 

Keyes, John J. Hall, Wm. M. 

Tood, Guy M. Parkins, E. R. 

Burkett, Peter W. A. Casgrain, A. Chase 

Thornhill, H. P. Ramsay, W. M. 
Kirkpatrick, H. L. 

TEAM No. 22 R. J. Younge, Capt. 

Gunn, John A. Sims, Harold H. 

Bond, W. L. Westgate, J. J. 

Howard, E. E. Gardner, R. 

Skinner, R. S. Rous, F. W. 

Birks, G. W. Cholette, L. E. A. 

Morgan, Theo. Downey, W. P. 

Holden, R. C. Kyle, A. D. 



Stirring addresses were delivered from many of the City pulpits, 
urging the congregations to support the Campaign. 

"It is not a tax, it is an offering," said the Rev. Dr. Bruce 
Taylor, at St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, "Here is the great 
claim of a lifetime." 

Sir Thomas Shaughnessy presided over the first, luncheon 
and roused the utmost enthusiasm by reading a cable from Lord 
Roberts, as follows: 

"I hear that a fund is being created in Canada for patriotic 
purposes. As Colonel in charge of the Canadian forces and Com- 
mandant of the Canadian forces in South Africa, I can say this is 
what I should have expected from Canadians in this great crisis." 

In a stirring speech the C.P.R. President said that, while 25,000 
men for the Canadian contingent were now ready, he felt sure if 
further calls came there would be 50,000 or 75,000 more if required. 



128 THE CALL TO ARMS 

"Now those of us," he continued, "who by age or other 
reasons have not been called to this first contingent, have a sacred 
duty to see that, during the absence of these men at the front, no 
wife, mother, or child of any Canadian or allied reservist from 
Canada shall suffer privation for one moment. Were this the case 
it would be a blot upon our escutcheon of which we should be forever 
ashamed." 

While no one could say how great a fund might be needed he 
was certain that the committee and citizens would see that whatever 
might be needed was supplied. 

Sir Thomas paid a tribute to Archbishop Bruchesi, as an 
apostle of peace. "But he, like the rest of us, realizes that the time 
comes in the history of a nation when national honor, national 
freedom, indeed national existence, demand a call to arms. This 
is such an emergency, and I am sure he is with us, and recognizes 
it is a sacred duty to urge the vast number of people under his 
archipiscopal supervision to contribute according to their means. 
He is with us in this unfortunate war because he knows that the 
complete subjection of this German autocratic tyrant is essential 
to the honour, good faith, the freedom and peace of the world." 

Tn reply, the Archbishop said that Britain was engaged in a 
terrible war from which she had tried at all honourable costs to 
avoid. "As loyal subjects, looking to her as protectress of our 
rights and liberties we owe her our most generous assistance. 
From all our churches prayers are going up that God may grant 
victory to the British and her Allies, who are giving their blood in 
the sacred cause of justice and honor." 

He cited the generosity of the priests of Saint Sulpice who 
had promised $25,000 to the fund and announced that on the 23rd 
of the month the bishops would meet at Quebec and issue a joint 
appeal for the Patriotic Fund. Then turning to Sir Thomas and 
handing him a cheque he said, "As for myself, let me be permitted 
to offer in this very place my subscription, which my heart would 
like to make much larger. I do not know in what better hands 1 
could place it, Mr. President, than yours." 

Amid a storm of cheers, Sir Thomas announced that the Arch- 
bishop's personal cheque was for $1,000. 

\Vhen the various Captains read out the sums they had 
collected during the day, J. W. McConnell stood at the head of the 
list with $42,961 to the credit of his team the total sum reported 
by all Captains amounting to $421,016 As the sum aimed at was 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 129 

just one million dollars, this was a promising beginning and the 
meeting broke up more than ever determined to win out in the 
campaign. On this evening and indeed every evening during the 
campaign the Observation Car of the Montreal Street Railway 
Company paraded the city with banners carrying the device 
''Bear Your Share of the Empire s Burden, 1 ' It also carried a band 
the Grenadier Guards on Monday, the Victoria Rifles on Tuesday, 
the 65th on Wednesday, the Royal Highlanders on Thursday, the 
Artillery on Friday, and the Salvation Army on Saturday. 

Large clocks announced the figures of the day from various 
prominent buildings, the newspapers had Special Thermometers 
showing the rising mercury, but most impressive of all was the field 
gun in Dominion Square which each evening fired a shot for every 
$100,000 raised for the fund. 

On the second day, Mr. H. V. Meredith was Chairman at the 
luncheon, with Bishop Farthing to support him. It was gratifying 
to find "John Montreal " to the front. One remembered his pastoral 
letter to the members of the Church of England in his diocese, 
ending with these words, "I have already asked your prayers for 
the victory of our forces. Let our alms also ascend to God as a 
sweet-smelling savour." 

"Our brave men," said Mr. Meredith in the course of a brief 
speech, "when the leashes which now hold them are unloosed and 
they take their places in line with the Soldiers of the King, will not 
detract from but will add lustre to the splendid traditions of the 
fighting stocks from which they come. We who stay at home must 
perform a duty and accept a trust." 

The Bishop mentioned that he had just returned from a visit 
to the Camp at Valcartier. "Looking at that vast army," said the 
'Bishop, "I felt that no country could produce a more splendid 
lot of men, and that they would be a credit to us wherever they 
went. There have been some reflections upon their conduct outside 
the drill grounds, but I am assured this is not well founded. I 
asked the chaplains who have been working side by side with them, 
and they all agreed that they had not thought there could be so 
large an aggregation of men who were such a decent, clean lot 
through and through as these men were. And when we know that 
the character of this camp is morally excellent we can feel doubly 
sure that our contingent, whenever it goes to the front, will do 
honour to the Dominion that sent them." 




From La Presse 



From the Montreal Star 





From the Montreal Stai 



Fiom La Presse 



Cartoons which appeared in Montreal Daily Papers 
during the " Whirlwind Campaign." 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 131 

Excitement ran high among those present when it was found 
that Percy Molson's team had very nearly caught up to J. W. 
McConnell, the figures being: 

J. W. McConnell $70,518 

Percy Molson 68,092 

while the total up to date for the Campaign was $607,454. 

Seven guns were fired in Dominion Square on the evening 
of the third day, the total reached being $747,471.28. H. S. 
Holt was the Chairman at the luncheon and expressed his pride 
at the generous manner in which the people of Montreal had 
responded to the call. 

"Other countries have demanded the services of their men," 
said Mr. Holt, "But our men are going voluntarily because they 
feel it their duty, and we cannot do too much to show our ap- 
preciation of their devotion although, personally, I think every 
man should be trained so that he could take up arms whenever 
the call came." 

At this luncheon one of the great speeches of the Campaign 
was delivered by that fine old warrior, the Rev. Dr. James Barclay. 
"Never," said Dr. Barclay, "have I supported a cause with 
clearer conscience or fuller heart than I do to-day. We know 
the broad pretexts which forced on this war, but we shall never 
know the secret plotting that precipitated it. It was an inevitable 
war. It was an intolerable situation that one man should, by the 
word he spoke or refused to speak, be able to plunge a whole con- 
tinent into such a war. 

"It was intolerable that the very existence , of the smaller 
states, the happiness of thousands of homes and the lives of millions 
should be at the mercy of the overweening autocrat a man who 
callously declared he was ready to sacrifice a million of his soldiers 
to attain the object of his ambition; a man who called himself 
the partner of Jehovah, and in his pride would take it as an act 
of gracious condescension and a mark of his favor to the Almighty 
to bestow upon Him the Iron Cross if he only knew where to 
find him; a man whose word in a solemn treaty was a mere scrap 
of paper to be carelessly torn up, and who in his blindness thought 
he could persuade Great Britain to wink at his treachery, calling 
upon the Most Holy the while. Whatever the result of this war, 
two things stand out conspicuous the Belgian nation has covered 
his name and his nation with lasting dishonor." 



t 

132 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

J. W. McConnell had increased his lead on the third day, 
being the first to reach the hundred thousand mark. The figures 
of the two leading teams were: 

J. W. McConnell $100,031 

Percy Molson 88,779 

The thousand dollar subscriptions were rolling in, but so 
also were the small donations which, in many cases, represented 
even greater self-sacrifice than the larger gifts. A touching in- 
stance of real generosity was illustrated in a subscription of $50 
from the Montreal Boy's Home; the letter accompanying the 
subscription read as follows: 

September 16, 1914. 

" I wish to tell you what the boys in the Boys' Home 
are seeking to do towards the above fund. 

''The little chaps, whose only personal revenue is the 
sum of fifteen cents per week, out of their wages on Satur- 
day night, they have pledged ten cents of that amount 
weekly for the next five weeks, of fifty cents each, leaving 
only five cents spending money weekly. 

4 'This surely is practising self-denial seldom manifested 
by a boy, yet everyone is enthusiastic over the matter. 
"The older lads will do more according to their abil- 
ity, and altogether we expect to contribute about fifty 
dollars to the fund put us down for that amount $50.00. 
"But this is not all the Boys' Home has done to- 
wards the honor and liberty of our beloved King, Country 
and Flag- there are fourteen of the older lads who have 
lately left the Home, who have enlisted in the army for 
foreign service, six of whom are now at Valcartier on 
their way to the front, and those of us who are too old 
to go will stay at home and hold up our boys and army 
before the "God of Peace" that He may "Save the 
Lads" and deliver our country from the hand of those 
who would oppress us. 

"I shall be pleased if this small sum should be 
accepted, it is not much in comparison with the gifts 
of the rich, but it means sacrifice on their part. On 
behalf of the boys, 

Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) JAMES R. DICK, 

Supt., The Boys' Home. 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 133 

During the first three days of the Campaign the team workers 
had been confined to canvassing the selected lists of citizens 
known to be good givers to philanthropic objects. Now, however, 
restrictions ceased, and the teams were let loose to canvas whom 
they wished. The Campaign Headquarters were in a whirl of 
excitement and donations came pouring in from all quarters 
quite apart from the orthodox cards collected by the Captains. 
One newsboy came with an offering of fifty-one cents his day's 
earnings. " Won't Mother be proud," he said, when his offering 
was accepted. The waiters at the Windsor Hotel, where the 
luncheons were being held, were infected with the enthusiasm and 
gave up their tips for a day. Mayor Martin promised to declare 
a civic half holiday so as to ensure a large attendance at the races 
arranged by the Dorval Jockey Club in aid of the Fund. 

A six-year old girl, Margaret Leigh ton, gave twenty-five 
cents out of her birthday gift. The Hollinger Mines promised 
$10,000 in solid gold, $5,300 came from the Justices, past and 
present, of the Superior Court of the Province of Quebec. 

The Chairman at the fourth day's luncheon was Mr. Mortimer 
Davis, head of the Imperial Tobacco Company of Canada, the 
employees of which agreed to contribute under the One Day's 
Pay scheme. Mr. Davis maintained that this was not a Campaign 
of charity but of duty. He urged manufacturers and others to 
strain a point and give their employees work at regular wages 
even if the accumulation of merchandise is a little above their 
ordinary requirements. "By doing this," he said, "I think the 
necessity of another Campaign appealing to our fellow citizens 
for the unemployed will be eliminated; therefore, we should all 
subscribe as generously to this Campaign as is in our power. I 
feel sure that any extra demand this winter upon our local charities 
will be forthcoming from the Public." 

Rabbi Nathan Gordon, who followed, made an eloquent 
speech, representing the point of view of the Jewish community of 
Montreal. 

"It is well nigh criminal," he said, "to speak of section, race 
or creed at such a time as this. But, speaking as a Jewish minister, 
I cannot refrain from remarking, as a representative of the Jewish 
community, that we share these sentiments and this determination 
to the full. Great Britain has been all she could be to the Jews, 
and now the Jews will be all they can to her. Throughout the 
Empire many of us are working and m preparing to fight for the 



J 

134 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% . 

Empire's right. They know their duty, and will do it in such a 
manner as to show that the spirit of the Maccabees is still alive 
in us, much as we love peace." 

$864,680 was the total announced at this luncheon. J. W. 
McConnell increased his lead so that the two leading teams now 
stood at: 

J. W. McConnell $120,231 

Percy Molson 98,369 

Montreal's ambition was to reach $1,000,000 on the fifth day, 
and this meant that nearly $150,000 had to be raised by Friday 
evening. That was more than Thursday's contribution, and this 
was the tail end of the fight, so that some began to think the or- 
ganizing committee had aimed too high. Nothing but optimism, 
however, reigned in the Committee rooms. "Wait and see," 
said Mr. Birks, the Asquith of the Campaign. Mr. J. W. Ross, the 
Kitchener, smiled grimly but said nothing. Mr. Doble held 
mysterious conversations with Alderman O'Connell, the John 
Redmond, who had evidently had something up his sleeve. The 
Trouble Committee was in the thick of the fight. There were 
evidently large donations in the air worth claiming. 

In order to give the Captains the last available minute for 
their canvassing, Friday's meeting was at dinner instead of at 
luncheon. Sir Alexander Lacoste presided as Chairman, with 
the Rev. C. A. Williams, pastor of St. James' Methodist Church, 
as Speaker. Thus were French-Canadian and Irish linked to- 
gether. "I think the war will have at least one good effect upon 
us," said Sir Alexander, at the conclusion of a brief address, "it 
will draw us closer together as a nation. For the present, as I trust 
in the future also, we shall work together with one aim, that of 
doing all in our power to help the cause of the Allies both at home 
and abroad." 

The fiery eloquence of Mr. Williams was as the scream of 
shells and the bursting of shrapnel before the advance of a bayonet 
charge. 

"Some years ago," he said, "when the Kaiser and his party 
were secretly preparing for war, he was informed by his army 
spies that Britain dare not go to war because Ireland was disunited 
and waiting to break away from England. But no man can say 
what an Irishman will do until the time comes for him to do it. 
To-day at this hour there are more brave and fearless men facing 
fearful odds and fighting for the flag of the Empire, from the 



Shall we let 
them starved 



In many a Montreal home sacrifices ' "x 
ave been made for us. Helpless families 
ave cut off their means of support by 

giving up sons, brothers, husbands and 

fathers for our protection. 



A Iready there are marly two thousand 
of these families requiring assistance. 



Can we stand idly by and see them 
suffer with hunger? Or turned into the 
streets, or face a winter of want and 



MONDAY, SEPT. 14th, will begin a SPECIAL CAMPAIGN WEEK 



FOR THE CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND 




Organized for the purpose of aiding the needy families of our reservists and volunteers Collectors will be sent 
throughout the city When they call on you. help all you can If you are ablt to give much, do so if but little, 
your offer will be equally appreciated 

Dont let yourself be missed' If the collector misses you, send your contnhu 

CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND 

PRESIDENT: H. R. H. THE DUKE OF CONNAUGHT 
Montreal Headquarters. 112 ST. JAMES St. J. W. ROSS, Hon. Treasurer 



Showcard issued in connection with the 
" Whirlwind Campaign." 



1 36 THE CALL TO ARMS 



Emerald Isle, in proportion to population, than from any other 
land under the British flag. The Kaiser was also informed that 
England dare not go to war because Canada was eagerly waiting 
an opportunity to haul down the Union Jack to declare herself a 
free Republic. To-night there are between 30,000 and 40,000 
Canadian soldiers at Valcartier, and here in this room are as- 
sembled the great representatives of our city to show the Kaiser 
whether we want to have done with Britain or not. 

"Never in the long annals of history has a nation fought with a 
cleaner conscience or with a cleaner sword than the British Empire 
is doing to-day. We are not righting to vent our hate upon any 
nation, or to extend our territories. We are fighting for a scrap of 
paper only, it is true, but when England's solemn word of honor 
was on that paper and when the neutrality of gallant and im- 
mortal little Belgium was violated, the path of honor for Britain 
led straight into the mouth of the enemies' cannon. 

"The representatives of our race have followed and will follow 
to the bitter end, refusing the accept the infamous bribes of German 
diplomats, refusing to play traitor to gallant France and helpless 
but brave Belgium. We are fighting because there are still such 
things as chivalry and honor and national morality. We are 
fighting to defend the weaker nations of Europe from the armed 
brutality and the ruthless barbarism of the Potsdam war lords. 
We are fighting for our lives, and let the issue be perfectly clear, 
for our liberties; for our homes and for our altars, for our very 
existence as a self-governing, liberty-loving people. We shall 
fight on, if it takes all our treasure, all our ships, and all our men. 
We shall fight as long as there is a gun left and a man to fire it." 

Before the Captains were called on to report the collections 
of their teams, an auction was conducted by Mr. W. G. M. Shep- 
herd ot various articles contributed for the benefit of the fund. 
First of those was a diamond ring accompanied by a touching letter 
from the anonymous donor. The letter was auctioned with the ring 
and read as follows: 

"Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, 

The Windsor Hotel. 

My dear SirThomas Shaughnessy: I contribute no sum 
of money to the Patriotic Fund at all commensurate with 
my sympathy for the cause, so I offer the enclosed, the 
gift of a dearly loved father to a daughter sixteen years old 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 137 

many years ago. I send this ring to you personally, Sir 
Thomas, because my father was a builder of railroads 
and as such met and conquered in earlier days obstacles 
that would have daunted a smaller soul. I trust and 
believe that your committee will find means to make 
my offering of some avail, at least their acceptance of 
it will honor the memory of a man who, amidst many 
demands upon him, was never heedless of the distress of 
a woman or a child. May we not feel that in this hour of 
test an invincible Host is with us, the Host of those who 
having themselves overcome, point the way of courage and 
endurance and of mercy to those of us who go and those 
of us who stay. 

I am respectfully, 

A DAUGHTER OF LOYALISTS. 
Montreal, Sept. 14, 1914. 

By fifties and hundreds the bidding for the ring ran up to 
$1,000. "Name! Name!" cried everybody. "Salim Bousamra," 
was the reply. "One of the Syrian Colony," said D. S. Kerr, 
Captain of Team No. 7. Three cheers were given for the Syrian, 
and then calls of "Speech!" 

"Gentlemen," said Mr. Bousamra, "I just wish to say that 
I owe all I have to Montreal. I came here twenty years ago 
without a cent, and I am proud to be able to give $1,000 for this 
ring to the Patriotic Fund." 

Next to be auctioned was a gold chain presented by Mr. 
William Eaves, which very nearly went to the same corner of the 
room. "Come now, you Montrealers," said the auctioneer, "are 
you to let that Syrian bunch have everything?" The chain went 
to J. W. Pilcher for $170.00. Bids came fast and furious for a 
pedigree puppy presented by Mr. T. McAvity Stewart, which 
Herbert Molson claimed for $500.00. Then E. F. Sise ran a flag 
up to $100.00. But the real fun began when announcement was 
made of the result of a raffle for a horse. "No. 14 has won it," 
cried the auctioneer. "Speak up No. 14." No answer. "Now 
I come to think of it," said Mr. Shephard, "I believe I drew that 
number myself. "and sure he had. Result roars from the 
audience, turning to cheers when he said he would now auction 
his horse for the Fund. But first he would auction the privilege 



$ 

1 38 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

of naming the horse. There was fierce bidding for this between 
Major J. A. Gunn and Mrs. Gunn, but the Major beat his better 
half and won the right for $525.00. "What name?" said the 
auctioneer, "Col. Sam Hughes," was the reply, "because he's a 
good worker." "Impossible," said the auctioneer, "the horse is a 
mare." Amid shrieks of laughter the auctioneer and owner asked 
Major Gunn if he himself might name the mare. "Not unless you 
pay for it," said the Major. "Will you take $150.00?" As a result 
the privilege of renaming the animal went to U. H. Dandurand 
for $250.00. "What name?" .The answer came like a flash 
"Victoire." Wild applause. "Victoire" was at last auctioned 
for $800.00 to Mr. Charles Hart, who promptly offered it for 
Relief Committee work and asked others to offer a sleigh and 
harness and a driver. As a result more than $2,500 w r as gained 
for the Fund. A Sovereign given by a poor old Irishman fetched 
$200, a lady's suit $55.00, a Chinese flag, presented by the Chinese 
Colony, $100.00, a beautiful piece of French lace given by the 
Syrian Colony fetched $750, a ten shilling note $150, a gold watch 
$100, and a bowl of gold fish $200. 

Then the real business of this truly historic evening began, and 
the Captains read out their reports. The first sensation was 
made by U. H. Dandurand,. Captain of a very strong French team. 
He began by reading the smaller contributions so many five cents, 
so many dollars, so many fifty dollars, so many hundred dollars, 
so many five hundred dollars, so many one thousand dollars, then 
one of seventy-five thousand dollars. "Name! Name!" was the 
cry. On which Mr. Dandurand read a letter from the Mayor of 
Montreal announcing a donation of $150,000 to the fund, to be 
credited equally to the teams of Mr. Dandurand and Alderman 
O'Connell. On this the meeting realized that the million dollar 
mark had already been reached and congratulations flew thick and 
f st. But as report after report was read, and each Captain called 
out thousand dollar subscriptions as if they were cents, the brain 
began to reel and all sense of values was lost. J. W. McConnell, 
tense with the excitement of a vain struggle for a subscription from 
a close-fisted millionaire, read out a total of $107,587 collected 
by his team in one day. When at close on midnight the last Cap- 
lain had told his tale, it was found that Montreal had surpassed 
the wildest expectations and had collected in these five days 
$1,490,494. 



A MILLION AND A HALF IN FIVE DAYS 139 

Although the work of the teams was now happily completed, 
Saturday had been allotted to the Salvation Army for street 
collections, and as a result through the Salvation Army pots 
about $600.00 was collected in sums ranging from a cent to a ten 
dollar bill five thousand individual donors. Letters and cables 
still poured in one from Major G. W. Stephens who cabled 
$1,000 from London. So that when the work of checking up was 
at last completed, and the collection of instalments was handed 
over to the Bank of Montreal, the contribution to the Patriotic 
Fund amounted to about $1,550,000. 

On the sixth and last day of the Campaign, a large flag arrived 
from Milwaukee addressed to Sir Thomas Shaughnessy ac- 
companied by the following letter: 

"Dear Sir Thomas: 

I have been, as you are aware, a resident here for 
fifty years, and yet, while gladly bearing witness that 
those among whom I have so long sojourned are as fine a 
people as the sun shines on, the fact remains that I am still 
a British subject. This being so, you will realize how in- 
tensely interested I am in the war now going on. I am 
anxious to do something for the fund Canada is raising. 
There was held in Milwaukee in 1864, a large fair for the 
benefit of the then soldiers of this country, and at that fair 
was exhibited a British flag said to have been captured at 
Detroit in 1774 (the donator showing data to that effect). 
I was determined to own that flag, and to that end 
bought practically all the tickets in the lottery covering 
it. I did win it and it has been in my possession ever 
since (fifty years). When the Lornes were here, it was 
shown the Princess, who wrote a very courteous note, 
telling me of the pleasure she had in viewing it. Well, now 
it has struck me to send you this flag, the idea I have in 
doing so being that your knowledge of conditions will 
enable the disposal of this souvenir to the best advantage, 
for I doubt, unless in some museum, if there exists in 
Canada a flag of its age. Note the Indian catgut attached 
to it." 

The question of the disposition of the flag was happily decided 
by the Committee. It was felt that a flag of such historic value 



I 

140 THE CALL TO ARMS 







should not be subject to a raffle or auction, but should be preserved 
for the National Victoria Museum at Ottawa. It was decided, 
therefore, that the flag be sent to the capital with an appropriate 
inscription recording the establishment of the Canadian Patriotic 
Fund and citing the gift of the flag as evidence of the world-wide 
sympathy and generosity evoked by this patriotic appeal on behalf 
of soldiers' destitute families. 



Subscribers to Central Fund 

List of subscribers to the Canadian Patriotic Fund, in Montreal, who have 
sent their contributions direct to the Honorary Treasurer, at Ottawa, up to 
November 20th, 1914, and the amounts received from each: 

Z. L. R $5.00 

Canadian Pacific Railway Company, 1st instalment of contribution of 

$100,000.00 25,000.00 

Miss Christina Mackay 100.00 

Mrs. W. H. Weir 100.00 

Mrs. W. P. Stericker 5.00 

R. B. Angus 5,000.00 

<;. A. Grier & Son 1,000.00 

Lamontagne, Limited 100.00 

The Foundation Company 1,000.00 

Mrs. Alex. McDougall 100.00 

J. W. Peck & Co., 1st instalment of contribution of $1,500.00 150.00 

La Banque Provinciate du Canada 5,000.00 

J. \V. Peck & Co., 2nd instalment 150.00 

Judges of Superior Court of Quebec, per Hon. Mr. Justice Archer, for 

month of October 887 . 00 

Protestant Women Teachers of Montreal 1,500.00 

Law Union & Rock Insurance Company (Canadian Branch) 1,000.00 

Members of Montreal Reform Club 1,000.00 

Canadian Pacific Railway, 2nd instalment.. . 25,000.00 



The Spirit of the Campaign 

By A. R. DOBLE, Honorary Secretary 
(Being the final report to the Finance Committee) 

The results announced by the Honorary Treasurer arc 
sufficient evidence of the financial success of the Campaign. 
May I for a moment deal with what, for want of a better ex- 
pression, I would term its spiritual success. 

For a week we forgot whether we were French or English, 
Catholic or Protestant, Jew or Gentile. We remembered only 
that we were Canadian and British while Syrians within our 
gates, and Americans across the border reminded us that they 
were our brothers, and brothers of gallant little Belgium the 
victim of the crime of ages. 

Apart then from the material result it was worth the effort 
to show that such a spirit existed amongst us. The blessing of 
Monsignor Bruchesi, the counsel of Bishop Farthing, the sym- 
pathy of Rabbi Gordon, the zeal of Dr. Barclay and the good 
Irish fighting spirit of Rev. Mr. Williams, all uttered from the 
same rostrum, in the common cause, will furnish inspiration for 
years to come. 

The known subscribers to the fund approximate 10,000. 
Included in these are many hundreds of names, chiefly those 
of working men, who gave through their employers in such 
numbers that, owing to -the continued pressure on Mr. Ross' 
clerical staff, it has not been possible as yet to tabulate them. 
Besides these, are the unknown contributors who gave through 
the churches and through the box collections. \Ve cannot 
reach these individually, but to all who contributed in any 
manner, according to their means, the thanks of the Committee 
are extended and they will have the satisfaction of knowing that 
they willingly embraced the opportunity of helping the Empire 
in its hour of need. The Captains and workers, one and all, 
have the added satisfaction of a duty well done and a devotion 
faithfully performed, although for a full measure of service 
some of these are offering the supreme sacrifice as Soldiers 
of the King. 

To those who do not come within any of these categories, 
where conscience cannot assess, public sentiment may in due 
course appraise. Meantime I commend to their personal 
application the sentiments attributed to an English King upon 
a former occasion of national danger: 

And Gentlemen in England now abed 
Shall think themselves accursed they were not here 
And hold their manhood cheap whiles any speak 
That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's Day. 



HE CAPTAINS 


23rd, 1914. 
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Separation Allowance and Assigned 

Pay 

Canadian 

The rank and file will, while on active service, be paid at the rate of $1.10 
per day. The wife of a married soldier will have sent to her each month, by the 
Paymaster General of the Militia Department at Ottawa, a cheque for $20.00. 
The amount receivable as separation allowance by officers will be somewhat 
greater. (See Order-in-Council of September 4th, 1914.) 

This separation allowance will also be paid tq widows whose sons, bein;^ 
their sole support, have gone to the front. The widow must, however, make direct 
application for the allowance to the Paymaster General, and should send with 
her application a certificate from the chairman and secretary of the local branch 
of the Canadian Patriotic Fund or her clergyman to the effect that she is entirely 
dependent upon her son. 

The Department of Militia originally intended that there should be deducted 
from this separation allowance whatever proportion of his wages the soldier's 
former employer might continue to pay to his family. This course has been 
found impracticable, however, and no reductions will now be made except in 
the case of civil servants who are continuing to receive full pay from the Federal 
and Provincial Governments. The Canadian Patriotic Fund, however, should 
take such payments into account. 

Soldiers may, if they so desire, arrange to transfer a portion of their pay 
to their dependents but the Fund does not take this into consideration when esti- 
mating the amount of the grant that it should make. 

The local Relief Committee should determine what is a reasonable amount 
for the maintenance of each family. It should then ascertain from the soldier's 
wife, or mother, what she receives by way of separation allowance, what the 
former employer of her husband, or son, grants her during his absence, what she 
or other members of the family do or can earn and what other sources of income 
are available. The total from these sources should be deducted from the standard 
of living previously agreed upon, and the difference paid semi-monthly to the 
soldier's family. 

British Reservist 

The wife of a British reservist receives, from the Imperial Pension Office, 
Butterworth Bldg., Ottawa, the sum of 2 10s. ($12.13) per month. If she has 
one child this is increased to 3 ($14.55) ; two children 3 ICs. ($16.98) ; three 
children 4 ($19.40); four children 4 8s. ($21.34); five children 4 16s. ($23.28) 
and six children 5 4s. ($25.22). For every child beyond the number of six she 
receives an additional sum of 8s., or $1.94 per month. 

French Reservists 

The French Government allows each soldier's wife 25 cents per day separa- 
tion allowance, and 10 cents per day for each child. This money is sent them 
through the Consul-General at Montreal. The wives of Belgian reservists at 
present, owing to the devastation of their country, are receiving only such 
assistance as donations to their Consul General at Ottawa render possible. 



* 

I 
I 



District Heads and Visitors, 
Montreal Patriotic Fund 



No words can convey to the public the immense 
social value of the work being done by the District 
Heads and Visitors. Mistakes may and do occur. 
Life is full of them, and the Patriotic Fund workers 
are human, as are the women they visit. But the 
mistakes are few, and the kindnesses are beyond 
numbering. A day at the office, or attendance at a 
meeting, brings this out in a truly astonishing way. 
The patience and the courage with which a devoted 
worker will tackle a large problem or face an im- 
pending tragedy, is worthy of our highest admiration. 
After sharing an experience of this kind, and after 
meeting many of the fine wives and mothers of our 
soldiers, one is proud to be alive, proud to be a 
Canadian, and proud to be a woman. 

Our Country has called upon us to make the 
greatest sacrifice, and to make that sacrifice now. 
We have given our men: that is not enough. We 
must give ourselves. And we pray with the soldier, 
"for strength and courage to continue to the end 
ready to do our duty for the honour of the British 
Empire," and for the love of freedom, justice, and 
righteousness, which shall win out in this War of 
Wars which devastates the world. 

HELEN R. V. REID. 






The Montreal Relief Committee 

BY HELEN R. Y. REID 

And we, whose burden is to watch and wait 

High-hearted ever, strong in faith and prayer, 
We ask what offering we may consecrate, 
What humble service share? 

To steel our souls against the lust of ease; 
To find our welfare in the general good; 
To hold together, merging all degrees 
In one wide brotherhood; 

To teach that he who saves himself is lost; 

To bear in silence though our hearts may bleed; 
To spend ourselves, and never count the cost, 

For others' greater need. -Owen Seaman. 

The Montreal Relief Committee was established by the 
Montreal Executive for the purpose of locally distributing the 
Patriotic Fund "for the assistance in case of need of the wives, 
children and dependent relatives of officers and men, residents 
of Canada, who, during the present war, may be on active service 
with the naval and military forces of the British Empire and Great 
Britain's allies." (Bill 7 The Canadian Patriotic Fund Act, 
1914, Clause 3.) 

The Committee, according to the recommendations from 
Ottawa, have to consider who are entitled to the Fund. 

"1. To have a just claim on the Fund, it must be shown 
that at the -time of reporting for duty, the soldier was a resident 
of. Canada and was supporting in Canada the wife, family or 
dependent relative who now applies for aid. 

"2. The Fund recognizes as being on the same basis, not 
only Canadian Volunteers, but also British Army and Navy 
Reservists, and French, Belgian, Servian, Russian and Japanese 
Reservists who, leaving dependents in Canada, have gone to join 
the colors. These soldiers are all fighting, side by side, for the 
common cause and their families in Canada are entitled to equal 
consideration. 

U 3. Aid can be granted only while the soldier is on active 
service. It may commence, however, from the time that he gives 



i 4 6 THE CALL TO ARMS 

up his employment or leaves his home and be continued so long 
as he is with his regiment, allowing reasonable time for his return 
journey to his home in Canada." 

LIMITATIONS OF THE FUND 

It is asked, can this Fund be used to relieve a family whose 
bread-winner has not gone to the front, but who is out of work 
and in need through the indirect effects of the war? The Central 
Executive realizes that this is a danger which threatens at many 
places throughout Canada, and must be adequately met, else 
great hardship will ensue during the coming fall and winter. But, 
whatever might be their inclination, the administrators of the 
Fund cannot legally go beyond the powers granted by their act 
of incorporation, and to relieve incidental distress arising from 
non-employment is not one of their powers. Several cities, how- 
ever, are taking up what might be called double-purpose sub- 
scriptions. They are first setting aside an amount for the Cana- 
dian Patriotic Fund and then providing a further sum for the relief 
of the locally unemployed. In the expenditure of these latter 
monies the local authorities act independently of the Canadian 
Patriotic Fund, for, obviously, with conditions differing as they 
do in various parts of Canada no central organization can ade- 
quately deal with this additional problem. 

How TO DETERMINE WHAT is A REASONABLE AMOUNT OF RELIEF 

Not many families will be left in total destitution. The 
British Government grants to each married man a separation 
allowance amounting to about 15 shillings per week. The Cana- 
dian Government has adopted a similar course and provides an 
allowance of 20 dollars a month. Again, there are often wage- 
earners in the family who do or can contribute in part towards 
its support. Further, many employers are continuing to pay to 
the family of a soldier on active service, the whole or part of the 
amount which such soldier as an employee had been accustomed 
to earn. All these sources of income should be enquired into by 
the local Relief Committee and carefully considered when cal- 
culating what amount a family may justly receive from the Fund. 

The Relief Committee has two branches, one to look after the 
French and Belgian Reservists and one to look after the English 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 147 

Reservists and Canadian Volunteers. An account of the work of 

the former appears elsewhere; 422 families are being looked after 

by this Committee, divided as follows Belgians 26, French 396. 
Up to the present, no appeals have been received from Russian, 

Servian and Japanese Reservist families whose men have gone to 

the front. 

The number of applications at Drummond Building up to 

November 1st is 1,273. 

Number of families receiving pay 879. 

Wives 490 

Mothers and other dependents . 389 



879 

Volunteers 776 

Reservists 103 



879 

English Protestants 550 

English Catholics 112 

French Catholics 205 

Hebrews. . 12 



879 

Average payment $21.00 per month. 

The difference in the number of applicants and the number 
receiving pay is due to the following facts: 

At the time of writing, 27 investigations were still to come in. 
The remaining 367 applicants were probably assisted early in 
September but have been taken off the Fund since then because of 
receiving full pay from Employers, because of departure to Eng- 
land or other cities in Canada, because the soldiers were returned 
from Valcartier or because of deliberate attempts at imposture. 
The burden of discovering that the Fund should not carry these 
367 families has rested very largely on the Ladies' Auxiliary. 
The number of applicants up to November 24th, is 1700. 

The Relief Committee is composed of the following repre- 
sentative men and women: Clarence F. Smith, Chairman; H. 
B. Ames, M.P.; Dr. A. Brisset, Mrs. Busteed, Lieut.-Col. F. 
Minden Cole, Rt. Rev. Bishop Farthing, Gustave Francq, D. S. 
Friedman, Hon. J. J. Guerin, Mrs. J. A. Henderson, Col. A. E. 



148 THE CALL TO ARMS 

Labelle, Dr. E. P. Lachapelle, Mayor Martin, R. W. Reford, 
Miss Reid, John W. Ross, Rufus D. Smith, Alfred Tarut, Mrs. 
Ostell, Canon Renaud, and Alex. Rough, Secretary. 

Meetings are held once a week under the chairmanship of 
Mr. Clarence F. Smith to discuss the office work and the bi-monthly 
budget, and to consider reports and difficult cases submitted by the 
Ladies' Auxiliary. Drs. Lachapelle and Guerin have been of 
great assistance in approaching the City Hall and Montreal Water 
and Power Company on behalf of the Committee, and Dr. La- 
chapelle has graciously secured free medical treatment for soldiers' 
families from practically the whole of the Medical Faculty of 
Laval University. Mr. D. S. Friedman has also been of active 
service. Mr. Rufus D. Smith of the Charity Organization Society 
has given invaluable aid in drawing up forms and record sheets to 
suit the nature of the work. Our able chairman not only presides 
at the meetings of the Relief Committee and reports to the Mont- 
real Executive, but is in regular daily attendance at the office, 
supervises the reports and pay sheet forwarded each month to 
Ottawa, interviews the numerous callers on office business and 
spends many hours of both day and night in the arduous and all- 
important task of budgetting. His constant readiness to be of 
service to the other volunteer workers and to support in a practical 
way their efforts towards efficiency is one of the happiest features 
of the office life. 

The work of the Relief Committee is carried on in five rooms 
in the Drummond Building, so generously placed at their disposal 
by the Drummond Estate. These rooms have been furnished 
free of cost for which service our hearty thanks are now given. 
The Office Specialty Co. has loaned desks, cabinets, storage sec- 
tions, hat trees, chairs and tables. The Robert Reford Co. has 
also loaned desks, chairs, cupboard, clock, etc. Renaud, King & 
Patterson and Wilder have sent tables and chairs. Wm. Hall, 
three typewriters. Bell Telephone Co., three telephones and desk. 
Burroughs Adding Machine Co., two adding machines. Northern 
Electric, a telephone booth. J. M. M. Duff, desk, chair and type- 
writer. W. H. Goodwin, tables, chairs, couch, screens, rug and 
pictures. Mrs. Alex. \Vood, electric stove, refrigerator, dishes, etc. 
Jos. Fortier, Limited, loose ledger and stationery. W 7 alker and 
Campbell, rubber stamps and numbering machines. J. C. W 7 ilson, : 
letterheads and envelopes. Toilet Laundry Co., towel service. 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 149 

The office staff consists of a secretary, Mr. Alex. Rough, 
accountant, and three stenographers. Five volunteer heads of 
lepartments keep the same office hours as the paid employees, 
ind often extend this time over Saturday afternoons and till 
ite in the evenings. These ladies are Mrs. Phillip Warren, Mrs. 
A. Henderson, Mrs. Oliver Smith, Mrs. J. Williamson Ross, 
ind Miss Reid. 

A Ladies' Auxiliary Committee was formed on September 2, 
^presenting almost all the Women's Societies of the City of Mont- 
il, French, English, Protestant, Roman Catholic and Hebrew, 
"his Committee undertakes the work of interviewing applicants, 
ivestigating their claims and subsequently visiting the families 
it regular intervals. 

The Ladies' Auxiliary as at present constituted consists of 
the Heads of the office departments, the Heads of the Wards and 
Districts of the Island of Montreal and individual members re- 
presenting different societies. Miss Reid, as General Convener, 
is assisted by French and English secretaries (Mesdames Terroux 
and J. W T . Ross), and presides at the weekly meetings which are 
held for the purpose of receiving reports and other business.. 
Over four hundred volunteer workers have already enrolled for 
duty in the office and in the district. Their spirit of whole-souled 
service, the choice of "the life of chivalry and not the life of ease" 
is strikingly evident in the splendid results achieved during the 
short two months' life of the Ladies' Auxiliary. 

RECEPTION AND INTERVIEWING 

To consider the details of organization a little more closely: 
The Reception and Interviewing Room is in charge of .Mrs. 
Warren, who has under her an able staff of interviewers, both 
French and English, six daily, when conditions are normal, and 
increased from reserves when the number of applicants rises above 
fifty. 

Up to the time of writing, November 1, there have been 1,273 
applications filed and more than twice that number of people 
interviewed. Eighty daily was not unusual during the rush of 
the first contingent, and on two consecutive days 100 and 101 
were registered. When the application form in use is studied 
it will be seen how much time is needed for an interview, which 
should be conducted with consideration and delicacy as well as 



I 5 o- THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

thoroughness in order to achieve the twofold object of guarding 
the Fund and of helping the worthy applicant. 

The Committee has now provided all the Armories with 
regular identification forms for soldiers who have been accepted. 
When filled out and signed by an officer these can be used by 
applicants in case of need at the Canadian Patriotic Fund office. 
This arrangement, made with the consent and co-operation of 
the Commanding Officers, materially lessens the delay in the 
Reception Room, where workers have heretofore been obliged to 
consult the Militia lists with far from satisfactory results. Un- 
fortunately no complete and correct Militia lists have been ob- 
tainable up to date from either the Armories, Militia Headquarters 
or Ottawa. The work of interviewing and investigation has 
therefore been conducted under a most serious handicap and the 
more praise is due our conscientious and untiring workers who 
have left few references unconsulted in order to prove the simple 
but essential fact of the soldier's enlistment. In the Reception 
Room our workers are for the first time brought face to face with 
some of the tragedies that war brings in its train. Tears are the 
common daily accompaniment of demands that sometimes cannot 
be considered. 'Unemployment/ 'desertion,' 'returned as medically 
unfit,' 'piano to be sacrificed,' 'furniture not paid up,' 'eviction 
by hardhearted landlord,' 'land lots -to be forfeited,' 'no food or 
fuel in the house,' 'no soldier's pay received after soldier sailed,' 
'no separation allowance sent yet by Government,' l loans wanted,' 
'husband on picquet duty and not enough money for wife and large 
family to live on,' all these and other sad tales have to be con- 
sidered quickly and disposed of, either by filling in the form for 
consideration by the Committee, or by sending the applicant to 
another organization from which help may be obtained. In this 
room a woman fainted from starvation, and here the blind soldier, 
now in Hospital, was first interviewed. In this room we have had 
the famous imposter with letters in her pocket from the trenches 
at the front, together with other women whose husbands are 
true men and whom it is a pleasure to know and serve in order 
that they may receive the indemnity assigned them by the Fund. 
Many a soldier arrives to find out before leaving for the front 
what the Fund will do for his wife and family. Hardly a day 
passes without someone appearing who wishes to be sent home 
to the Old Country. With a few exceptions these are Reservists' 
wives and up to date 54 women and 54 children have been given 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 151 

free transportation. In no case is transportation given unless 
satisfactory proof' has been furnished by letter or cable that the 
applicant has a home waiting for her and that she will not be a 
burden upon arriving there. The loneliness has been so great that 
in all cases the women are willing to forfeit the larger allowance 
they might receive in Canada from the Fund in order to be with 
their own people and in order to get news from the front more 
quickly. Seeing some of our women 'off' has been a refreshing 
break in the monotony of office work, and it has been delightful 
to put them on board warmly clothed and homeward bound, with 
less anxious hearts than they have had for many a day. One wo- 
man had been in Montreal only three weeks before war broke out 
and her husband was at once called back to England. Another 
had come out with her four children and her husband was about 
to follow, when the call to arms came and he was prevented from 
sailing. 

These transportation cases are handled at the Convener's 
Desk and so pass out of the Reception Room. 

INVESTIGATION AND REPORTS 

Twice a day the application forms filled in in the Reception Room are 
sorted by the Investigation Department into Streets and Districts. 
Investigators are given these in groups of three and four, together 
with printed investigation forms which are to be filled in and brought 
back as soon as possible, sometimes the same day, usually the day 
following the application. Mrs. Henderson has charge of this very 
important department. The investigators confirm the applicant's 
statement by a home visit and by consulting the references given. 
This is absolutely necessary in order to safeguard the Fund, and 
when done by tactful and kindly visitors the enquiry does not 
offend the woman with common sense though it certainly disturbs 
the impostor. It is to be regretted that in some cases when the 
applicant is of an over sensitive nature the sometimes searching 
questions put by the visitor have been resented and much in- 
dignation has been expressed. The proper distribution of the Fund 
entails so great a burden of responsibility on the officers of the 
Relief Committee that it is essential they should be placed in full 
possession of all details, and it is with this object in view that so 
many questions are asked. The more complete the knowledge of 
the Relief Committee the greater becomes its power to aid. In- 
complete investigations are not accepted and unless the data 



.J 

152 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

asked for is given, a second investigation in the interest of the Fund 
has to be made. Incidentally this is not pleasant for the investi- 
gator or for the lady visited, but a high standard of work is required 
and the improvement in business-like habits of making reports 
and in the tactful manner of enquiry has been most noticeable. 
It is within the mark to say that the Fund has been saved many 
hundreds of dollars as a result of a system that has often induced 
unjust criticism from the superficial observer or the unfriendly 
editor. In several suspicious cases it has been found that the 
women who have applied cannot produce their marriage certi- 
ficates and are unworthy applicants, using for wrong purposes the 
money at first received. Neglect of children because of drink 
has at times necessitated the appointment of a guardian in order 
to administer properly the amount allowed by the Fund. In two 
or three cases Judge Choquet of the Juvenile Court has kindly 
consented to administer Canadian Patriotic Fund allowances; 
one Anglican clergyman and three Ward Heads are also now acting 
in a similar capacity. It is in connection with the Investigation 
Department that there has been the great demand for the loan 
of motors. Applications come in daily from all parts of the City 
and suburbs from Longuc Pointe and Lachine, from Verdun 
and Rosemount. Unless motors are available it is quite impossible 
to cover these immense distances without serious loss of time. 
To Mrs. Jeffrey Burland the Committee are greatly indebted 
for the gift of a motor and to the Canadian Patriotic Executive 
for the chauffeur who runs it. This car is never idle. Sincere 
thanks are also given to the friends, too numerous to mention, 
who from time to time allow the use of their cars for a few hours. 
To Mr. Ware, of the Emergency Motor Co., and to Messrs. Dechaux, 
we are under special indebtedness for their service in this connection. 
The work of investigation is perhaps the most difficult of all and 
too much honour cannot be given to the ladies who, under Mrs. 
Henderson's direction, have covered the 1,300 cases on our books, 
and have reduced that number by several hundred to whom the 
Fund should not be given. These same ladies have also discovered 
most worthy families in great need and have been able to supply 
emergency help until such time as the case has gone through the 
necessary routine before being budgetted. The daily investi- 
gators number about 10 French and English. This number is 
largely increased when there is a rush of work. Two ladies are 
obliged to give full time together with Mrs. Henderson to the office 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 153 

work of this Department. The preparation of slips for the investi- 
gators divides their attention with the reception of the written 
reports, and much advice and direction is needed to fit each in- 
dividual case and investigator according to the data in hand, the 
details that are lacking, and the type of visitor. 

FILING DEPARTMENT 

The Filing Department is in charge of Mrs. Oliver Smith, 
assisted by Mrs. Duggan. A complete alphabetical card catalogue 
of all the families introduces the worker by means of numbers to the 
History envelopes which contain all details and history of the 
family as obtained by the office. Correspondence, Ward Visitors' 
reports and other documents concerning the applicant are here 
found together with the original application form and the investi- 
gator's report. These precious papers are referred to each time 
an applicant calls, and are studied and summarized by the Ward 
Head who is supposed to know every family in her ward, and by 
the special visitor who is assigned a family. These documents 
have also been most carefully gone over by Miss Reid and Mr. 
Clarence F. Smith on whom devolves the serious responsibility 
of apportioning the sums allowed to each family. Once these 
amounts are decided upon, the bi-monthly sum is indicated in 
red on the application form and on the outside of the History 
envelope. The cheques are filled in by Mr. Rough, the Secretary, 
and signed by two members of the Executive, and the amounts 
are placed on the monthly payroll which is sent to Ottawa. With 
the necessity of constant and continuous reference to these files it 
will easily be seen how important it is to have a careful, courteous 
supervisor in constant attendance. In Mrs. Oliver Smith a perfect 
combination has been found of the qualities necessary for this 
post, and woe betide the student of the files who mislays a card or 
paper. To Miss Donovan, the expert stenographer, who has 
often done the typeing and filing after hours for the sake of the 
cause, an especial debt of gratitude is due. 

CASH DESK 

The Cash Desk has changed hands since the beginning of the 
work, Mrs. J. W. Ross preceding Mrs. Geo. Lyman in the duties 
of dispensing emergency aid in small sums to investigators going 



I 5 4 THE CALL TO ARMS 

out on a hurry call and to proven cases of need before a cheque 
could be sent. Miss M. Law is now in charge. Here, too, are 
given out the identification cards which are used by the women 
at the Banks, and when needing hospital, medical, or legal aid and 
on other necessary occasions. 

CONVENIENCE LISTS 

The Convenience lists are looked after by Miss G. Hunter. 
These lists include the following: Room lists arranged in wards 
of 83 rooms to rent by Soldiers' wives. The ward arrangement of 
the list has proved invaluable when rooms had to be found in a 
hurry, for instance when four soldiers' wives from the far West 
arrived with steamship tickets for a boat that was not to sail on 
the date stated owing to a change in war orders. For two days 
and nights they were afforded shelter in soldiers' homes on this 
list. About 20 families and lonely wives have been moved to 
rooms on this list when the joint interest of having men at the 
front has proven an immediate bond between the tenant and 
landlady. A Work List of 220 names of soldiers' wives affords an 
opportunity to many a visitor of finding good women for sewing, 
cleaning, etc. Soldiers' wives who have been accustomed to work 
are encouraged to continue doing so, though mothers of young 
children are expected to stay at home and look after their little 
ones. A Maternity List of 110 up to date gives Ward Heads and 
Visitors a special opportunity for friendly, helpful attention to 
these lonely women in their time of need. In these cases and in 
cases of ordinary illness the Doctors' List, arranged also in wards, 
is in constant use. In England, the British Medical Association 
has placed its services free of charge at the disposal of Soldiers' 
families during the war. It is a source of great satisfaction to 
record that, here in Montreal, over 300 Doctors are on our Honour 
List. Besides including very many names sent in by individual 
Doctors, the names of all the Doctors on the Medical Faculty of 
Laval University and of the Medico-Chirurgical Society appear 
on this list willing to give free medical attention to recommended 
cases until such time as the women are able to pay. Especial 
thanks are due these busy men, and the same is heartily extended 
to the Victorian Order of Nurses, the Gardes Malades de Ville 
Marie and L'Assistance Maternelle for their nursing and follow-up 
care of many of these mothers of war babies. A young Kitchener- 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 155 

has already put in an appearance, and was followed quickly by a 
Gault and several other little fighters. A delightful feature of 
our work with the Maternity cases is the welcome prepared for 
each war baby in the shape of a complete outfit of baby clothes. 
These charming gifts are provided by the Robert Louis Stevenson 
Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire, by the Westmount 
Victorian Order of Nurses' Committee, the Sewing Circle of the 
Sacred Heart, and many individual friends. To the Hospitals 
and Dispensaries our thanks are daily due for the prompt and kindly 
treatment of the many cases that are sent them from the Wards 
and Office. We have to record cases of diphtheria, scarlet fever, 
whooping cough, typhoid fever and many, many cases of tuber- 
culosis. Death has already claimed 7 members of the Patriotic 
Fund families and especial help is given at this sad time. Thanks 
are due Wm. Wray, and Jos. C. Wray & Bro., for generous co- 
operation on these occasions. To Thomas, Tremble, Beralle, druggists, 
thanks are also given for their offers of filling prescriptions free or 
with a percentage off to soldiers' families recommended by the 
Canadian Patriotic Fund. Besides the Room, Work, Maternity 
and Doctors' Lists, there are lists of Tramway routes and service 
provided by the Street Railway, and lists of Milk Stations, Hos- 
pitals, Settlements, Homes, Dispensaries, etc., and a transportation 
list of women desiring transportation. These lists are faithfully 
kept up to date and are in continuous use. Four of them have 
been arranged in card index form and four in Wards by Miss Hunter 
for greater ease in reference. 

INFORMATION BUREAU 

The Convener's desk has gradually assumed the character 
of an Information Bureau. Here questions are put with regard 
to Government Pensions, Separation Allowances, Rate of Pay, 
Picquet Duty Allowance, Deserted Wives, Prisoners of War, etc. 
Here comes the irate landlord or thejnjured tenant, the offended 
applicant and the woman desiring transportation to the Old 
Country. Ward Heads arrive to consult about families and to ask 
for sympathetic allowance in case of illness. A soldier's wife 
appears wishing to have her allowance discontinued as her sons 
have got work, and a mother of a Volunteer asks to have an orphan 
girl placed with her that she may do her share of service in re- 
cognition of what the Fund has done for her. Offers of houses, 



J 
156 THE CALL TO ARMS 

empty stores, homes for children, free legal advice and free nursing 
come in by mail and by person each day, and grateful letters 
crowd into the background the demands to pay old debts and the 
dissatisfied complaints of poor women who do not understand 
that the Fund is not responsible for, promises made by employers 
or officers of regiments, nor for the delays incidental to Govern- 
ment distribution of the Separation Allowance and soldier's pay, 
nor for the decision of the Ottawa Executive regarding non-pay- 
ment to families of men on Home Service. The friendly reporter 
comes hot upon the track of some unfriendly criticism of the Fund 
or of some exciting incident in the day's work and the telephone 
rings in its message of urgent need. At the end of the day, by the 
time the fat bundle of mail has been read and answered (Mrs. 
Warren takes a large share of this work) there is a feeling of satis- 
faction that something has been accomplished, something done 
to repay those women w r ho have given their men for the honour 
and defence of our Empire. Only when office hours are supposed 
to be over can the responsible work of budgetting be begun. 

The general principles upon which the Montreal budget is 
established can be seen by the following monthly scale 
Wife $30.00 

2 children and under: 

15 10 years 7 . 50 

95 years _ 4.50 

Under 5 years 3 . 00 

3 children and over: 

1510 years 6 . 00 

95 years 3 . 00 

Under 5 years 2 . 00 

A mother receives approximately what her son was contribut- 
ing to the household at the time of his enlistment minus the cost 
of his keep. In cases of illness a sympathetic allowance is made 
in addition to the regular amount given. Increase of income from 
other sources such as employers, lodgers, Government allowance, 
wages, etc., immediately reduces the allowance from the Fund. 
Upon a request from Ottawa the Montreal Branch willingly handles 
cases outside its established jurisdiction, also exceptional cases 
of a nature not yet adequately provided for by Government. The 
Government Separation Allowance of $20.00 monthly was establish- 
ed originally for wives of soldiers. It is now extended to widows 
who can furnish satisfactory written testimony to the effect that 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 157 

the departed soldier was their only means of support. The question 
of families of men on Home Service is still a vexed one. There 
have been three different rulings At first the same treatment 
was extended to these men as to the Overseas Service men, then 
local branches were authorized to make allowance only on the 
children in these families, and finally all assistance was to be 
withdrawn by December 1st. At the time of going to Press we 
learn that Government is allowing a daily increase in the pay of 
men in Home Service under certain conditions, which arrange- 
ment may work out satisfactorily and remove these families from 
the Fund entirely. Mrs. J. Williamson Ross has been of especial 
help in connection with the responsible work of budgetting. She 
is in regular daily attendance at one of the typewriters and has 
charge of the employers' confidential lists. Under Mr. Smith's 
direction she also fills in the paysheet and reports which go up to 
Ottawa and in addition acts as English Secretary to the Ladies' 
Auxiliary. The following employers have kindly furnished -the 
Committee with a list of families who are receiving part or full 
payment of men's wages for six months or- as long as the war lasts. 

Canadian Pacific Railway Company The Ogilvie Flour Mills Co. 

Imperial Tobacco Company of Canada The Hudson Bay Knitting Company 

Bell Telephone Company of Canada Walter Baker & Co., Ltd. 

Warden King & Sons Lynians, Limited. 

Grand Trunk Railway Company Lake of the Woods Milling Company 

Dominion Express Company Canadian Express Company 

Montreal Lt., Ht. & Power Company Harbour Commissioners of Montreal 

Berliner Gramophone Company Molson's Brewery, Limited 

Northern Electric Company McFarlane, Son & Hodgson, Limited 

Canada Cement Company The Gourock Ropework Export Co., 
Customs Department Ltd. 

The T. Eaton Company Henry Morgan & Company, Limited 

City Hall Police Department The National Breweries, Limited 

National Drug & Chemical Company The Shawinigan Water & Power 

of Canada, Limited Company 

Curtis & Harvey, Limited 

At the beginning of the war, through the kindness of the 
Canada Bread Co., Harrison, and Aird, a large number of bread 
books were distributed to soldiers' families in need. This need 
was due largely to the distress incident to unemployment, and to 
the unpreparedness of the Government to meet the war emer- 
gency. As soon as a regular allowance was established and the 
need ceased to exist, the bread books were handed over to the 
Charity Organization Society for their Charitable Relief. This 



158 TIJE CALL TO ARMS 

was done with the consent of these generous benefactors. An 
arrangement for selling coal to soldiers' families at cost price has 
been made possible through the generosity of those dealers who 
contributed coal to the Fund. 148 tons have already been disposed 
of. Mrs. Warren and Mrs. Ross have charge of checking this coal 
list. 

The organization of the office work was followed immediately 
by the organization of Montreal District into 23 divisions along 
Ward lines for the purpose of visiting soldiers' families. To the 
pleasures of friendly visiting is added the duty of seeing that the 
cheques arrive regularly and that new sources of income or new 
needs on the part of the family are considered in the variations 
of the bi-monthly budget. This Friendly Visiting is the most 
important part of the work of the Ladies' Auxiliary. The office 
departments emphasize the business side of the work. This is 
an indispensable introduction and accompaniment to the friendly 
visiting, but the latter establishes the permanent friendly re- 
lationship, and upon the Ward Heads and Visitors rests the ultimate 
inner success of the work of the Fund, while upon them depends 
to a large extent the comfort and happiness of the soldier's family 
during the long season of this terrible war. The spirit of helpful 
service is the true note of our friendly visiting. In comforting 
a lonely wife or mother, a visitor has a rich reward and often 
learns many a lesson in self-control, courage and sweetness as 
she does in economy and good management, when the intimate 
stage has been reached of discussing the rise in sugar and the value 
of rice as a food staple. Organizations are said to have too little 
soul and too much machinery. In the Ladies' Auxiliary, however, 
"the spirit of the living creature is inthewheels" of their machinery, 
and whithersoever that spirit goes thither go the wheels." Friendly 
visiting in its broadest and most helpful sense has been going on 
regularly since September 15. There are now 1,024 families being 
visited, and as a result many happy relationships have already 
been established not only between the soldiers' families and the 
visitors but also between the soldiers' wives themselves. At the 
head of each ward or District are two or three conveners, English 
and French, who are responsible for the visitors working under 
their direction and who are themselves responsible to Miss Reid, 
Convener of the Ladies' Auxiliary. They are assisted in the work 
of taking up new cases and in locating streets and addresses by a 
competent Ward Organizer, at first Dr. Ritchie England, and now 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 159 

Miss Eleanor Tatley, who spends many hours daily preparing 
Ward Lists of families new and old. Ward maps obtained from 
the City Hall facilitate the work of visiting, and the Tramways 
list of routes and service is invaluable to those who make their 
journeys in the street cars. Little street directories are now in the 
possession of almost every Ward Head, and a veritable competition 
has started with regard to business-like record systems. The same 
high standard is encouraged here as in the office departments, 
and it is a common sight to see a Ward Head going over her own 
card catalogue or loose leaf system, listing names according to 
streets, religion, regiments, etc., and adding new notes re doctors' 
calls, legal aid given, coal needed, family transferred to another 
ward, etc. It is astonishing, by the way, how many removals have 
been brought about by reason of the war. At least one-tenth of all 
the families have changed their addresses. Some of these had 
to sell out and go to rooms, others seem to have had a moving 
fever, three removals in one case and five in another bearing 
witness to this last. This presents a difficulty when friendly 
relations have been established between the original ward visitor 
and the family. In every instance the family's interest is con- 
sidered first. All the Ward Visitors are card catalogued, and the 
office can find out at once by referring to this, just which families 
are being visited and by whom. All accredited visitors and Ward 
Heads are given identification cards to be presented when calling 
upon soldiers' families. This provides the Visitor with an endor- 
sation from the Fund and to a certain extent guards the soldier's 
wife or mother from a surfeit of visitors. The typed "Hints and 
instructions to Ward Heads and Visitors," begin with the following 
words: "Guard the Fund! Do not pauperize! Do not patronize! 
Do not promise! Work with Head, Heart and Hands and be a 
Friend!" Insistence is laid on selection* of visitors and regular 
bi-monthly visits. A certain liberty of ward organization is granted 
the Ward Heads with the most gratifying results. In Verdun, 
for instance, we find under the care of Dr. Marion Hansford and 
Mme. Bouthillier about 100 families. The Town Hall is the scene 
of weekly meetings and an occasional dance to raise money for the 
Fund. The first half of each meeting the soldiers' wives and the 
Ward Visitors cut and sew garments for the poor of the District. 
Three sewing machines have been loaned by the Singer Sewing 
Machine Company. Many English Reservists' wives have spent 
lonely hours until this common meeting ground was found, and now 



160 THE CALL TO ARMS 

acquaintances are fast ripening into friendship. The latter part 
of the afternoon is taken up by Ward business and Visitors' reports. 
Another plan of Ward work is that adopted by Mrs. R. Wilson 
Reford and Mme. Michaud who have the district including Hochel- 
aga, Maisonneuve, Rosemount and Longue Pointe. Meetings 
are not held, but by regular appointment each Visitor reports to 
the Ward Heads in person, and thus a very intimate discussion 
of plans and problems is obtained, while reporting is brought down 
to a veritable science. Many of the soldiers' wives in this District 
are knitting for the men at the front or sewing garments for the 
poor. A Volunteer trained nurse is at work here daily and has 
proved of invaluable service in many cases of serious illness. In 
St. Joseph's Ward, with Mrs. Trask and Mme. Ostell as Conveners, 
and in St. Lawrence Ward, under Mrs. Fisk, Mrs. Workman and 
Mme. Hebert, we find the more generally accepted arrangement 
of monthly Ward meetings fully developed and working admirably. 
Trained nurses are giving volunteer service in most of the wards 
and the additional help of volunteer stenographers has proved a 
great boon to many Ward Heads. The French W 7 ard Head is 
responsible for all French Visitors and families, the English Ward 
Heads for the English ones. English speaking Roman Catholics 
are visited by English Roman Catholic ladies who are provided 
for the Ward Heads through the kindness of Lady Kingston and 
Miss Guerin. Mrs. Workman, one of the ladies of St. Lawrence 
Ward, also provides Jewish Visitors for the Jewish families in all 
the Wards. The Committee is indebted to Mme. Gerin Lajoie 
for enlisting the interest and co-operation of most of the French 
workers in office and ward, and thanks are due to very many of 
the officers' wives who have enlisted as Patriotic Fund workers 
in the office and different wards, and are visiting families under 
Ward Head direction. Qn each Wednesday of the month a certain 
number of Ward Heads bring to the Ladies' Auxiliary meeting 
reports of the number of Doctors and nurses called upon for 
attendance, number of cases of tuberculosis, infectious diseases, 
births, deaths, etc., number of children in ward and number 
attending school, number of savings bank accounts opened, etc. 
It is hoped within a short time that a simple Provident or Penny 
Savings Fund may be started in most of the Soldiers' families, 
and that by this means, habits of economy will be encouraged 
in both women and children to prepare for the day when war is 
over and the Patriotic Fund has ceased to be. No account must 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 161 

be taken in the budgetting of the pay made over by the soldier to 
his wife. As this in many cases reaches the sum of $15.00 and $20.00 
a month it should not be a difficult task to persuade the women to 
start Savings Bank accounts. This question is being considered 
at Ottawa and it is hoped that our local Branch who have a definite 
plan in view will be able to formulate it in a practical way in the 
near future, not only in response to the request of the Ladies' 
Auxiliary but also as a guide and help to other Canadian Patriotic 
Fund centres. Ordinary Bank accounts have already been started 
by several of the families under the encouragement of the Visitors 
and the stimulus of the Ward Heads. On the last Wednesday of 
each month Mr. Rufus D. Smith of the Charity Organization 
Society gives a practical talk on "Aims and Problems of Friendly 
Visiting," which is a source of help and inspiration to all the many 
Ward Heads and Visitors who avail themselves of this opportunity 
of hearing him. 

Stories of the Fund 

The human side of the Relief Work of the Patriotic Fund 
its points of contact with many different kinds of human nature 
cannot be portrayed in any general description. The experiences 
of the Committee and the Visitors are as varied as is human nature 
itself. In this chapter an effort is made, by means of a few striking 
examples, to afford an idea of some of the conditions and dis- 
positions that are encountered. The following outline stories 
cannot of course be taken as generally typical of the work. Every 
family and each Ward has its own individuality. The large major- 
ity of soldiers' families on the books do not have to meet other 
than life's normal problems. Their relationship to the Fund is a 
business one while their relationship to the Ward Head and Visitors 
is purely friendly. The stories are meant, however, to illustrate 
something of the manner of meeting difficulties as they arise in the 
office and in the Ward, and it is to be regretted that space alone 
prevents a more detailed account of the interesting work that is 
being accomplished under the capable directors of the different 
districts. 

Story I. Soldier at Valcartier. Wife, just over pneumonia, 
applies to Fund. Four children under nine years. Family burnt 
out near Angus shops. Visitor sent within two hours with clothing 
outfits. Family spends two nights in C.P.R. cars receiving food 







Recruits for Grenadier Guards 1st Contingent. 

Princess Patricia's Light Infantry parading at Camp Levis. 
Canadian Officers Training Corps, on McGill Campus. 

Machine Gun Section, 22nd Batt., drilling with Small Arms on historic parade 
grounds of St. Johns Barracks. 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 163 

and comforts from the Company's employees. Mother then 
placed by Visitor in Convalescent Home and children in Homes. 
Father returns from Valcartier on leave, takes new poor house 
and brings family out of Homes. Nurse visitor in daily attendance. 
Woman diagnosed at Hospital as advanced tuberculosis but will 
not leave home for treatment. Rats, dirt and dampness in house, 
and no separation from rest of family. Visitor finds healthier 
house. Places baby in Hospital while moving. Man cannot find 
work so re-enlists. The Fund help to refurnish house. Baby 
pronounced tuberculous. Friendly visiting the main support of 
this family. Transformation in conditions and even in health of 
woman. 

* Story 2. Soldier's wife, baby and valise arrive at office, 
having been turned out of sister-in-law's house. Within three- 
quarters of an hour a willing worker had them placed with a 
soldier's wife wishing to take boarders. Room list and Ward Head's 
motor requisitioned for this hurry-up work. 

Story j. Wife of hero in the trenches at the Aisne battle 
front produces credentials in shape of graphic letters from the front 
and a South African War Medal. One of eight noble brothers all 
at front or in Navy. Woman draws regular allowance from Fund 
and enjoys friendly visiting. Public spirited citizen sends warning 
letter that man never left the city. Further investigation, difficult 
but persistent, proves this to be true. Wife confesses, case placed 
in hands of Crown Prosecutor. Letters preserved as rich con- 
tribution to History of the War.* 

*2nd West Kents, 1st Batallion, 

(The Bucks) Vic-Sur Aisne, France, 

At the front, August 27th, 1914. 
Dear Wife, Children and Mother, 

I am drop you a line here in the trenches. We are having to work now and 
no mistake. Things are happening quicker than you can remember. In last 
night's fight, we lost over 200 men. Had a great chum in my Company name of 
Wilson. The last word or action we had together, he divided a Player cigarette; 
broke it in two, gave me half. He lit up himself while I took pot shot and then I 
turned to him to get a light from his fag. I found him stiff. Things are happening 
now and no mistake. It is not a picnic. We don't care for the German rifles, it is 

their shells that are doing the damage. They can't shoot worth a . Shortly 

after seven this morning, we made a charge on a hord. There must have been 
over two thousands. I am sure we done something to them. As soon as I lifted 
my baynet to one beggar he dropped to his knees but he got it before he had time 
to shut out and then I could not pull my steel out without wrenching cloth and 
bone. We did make them run. It was worth a wound to hear them squeal. They 



164 THE CALL TO ARMS 

are a dirty crowd, in fact, less good than the Boers were in South Africa. They 
were men and took their medicine when they J?ad to without a whimper. Have 
got a slight puncture on shoulder, nothing much, not going to leave the line 
on account of it, got it bandage by Field Ambulance man and going right on. 
Have not had a line from you yet. What are you doing? Hope you are all well 
Send me a line and relieve my worry. 

Yours as ever, 

Mack. 
No. 3732, Q. W. K. 1st Batallion, Reserves in action. France. 

Story 4. Big blind soldier brought to office by two friends. 
After enlisting at Calgary, had lost sight of only good eye at 
Valcartier. Taken at once to specialist whose Subsequent speedy 
report advised long period of Hospital treatment as remote chance, 
for partial recovery of sight. Royal Victoria Hospital consents to 
take man next day. Rare operation follows treatment and partial 
sight temporarily restored. Not yet known if this will be permanent. 
Visitor in regular attendance,, letter-writing, etc., for soldier. 

Story 5. Seven motherless children, eldest 12 years of age, 
found in need of food, fuel and clothing, discipline and care. Father 
out of work, enlisted and gone to Valcartier. Step-grandmother 
looking after 3 months' old baby, not able to do more. Patriotic 
Fund Visitors supplied all necessities, cleaned house, clothed 
children and placed woman in charge. Arranged to have children 
all placed in homes where they are now comfortably settled. 

Story 6. Irish Reservist's wife, four children and expecting 
a new baby within three weeks. Lonely, and in unfriendly neigh- 
borhood. Anxious to go home to Ireland. Doctor consulted. 
Cable received from mother and landlord notified. Patriotic 
Fund provided transportation, Northern Electric arranged to allow 
their wage allowance to go for back rent and for $11 due on fur- 
niture bought on instalment plan for $150. Ward Head and 
Visitor completed these arrangements and spent six hours in 
supervising the transportation of boxes to steamer and of furni- 
ture to free storage loaned by Mr. J. L. Percival. Special rates 
with Baillargeon are given the Patriotic Fund families. An un- 
kind landlord made this a very difficult case to handle to a happy 
conclusion. 

Story ?. Woman applied at office Friday. Story of great 
need. Ward Head was telephoned and reached house at 3 in 
afternoon to find story true. Husband, wife and 3 children, 1, 
3 and 5 years, all sleeping in one room and one bed without mattress 
or heat of any kind. Thermometer below freezing. Stove sent 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 165 

in at 6 o'clock and mattress at 8 p.m. Revisited next day a.m., 
Saturday, to find that German landlady on floor below would 
not allow stove put up in room. Wished it put up in her kitchen 
with coal provided, etc. Milk Station phoned to send milk to 
children. New houses in St. Henri visited and arrangements 
made with Salvation Army who moved family at 3, Saturday 
afternoon to St. Henri. Rent paid to German landlady. Rent 
in new house reduced from $10 to $7. St. Henri Milk Station 
put in touch with family. Man had been out of work before 
enlisting. 

Story 8. Cold Thursday morning, private at office with his 
wife saying they were in great need. Made arrangements at once 
in office with Ward Head who had a free empty house at her dis- 
posal. Family visited Thursday afternoon. Mother and 5 little 
girls from 1 to 8 years old found in two rooms in rear of shed. 
Children all barefoot and without underwear, only thin cotton 
dresses, and mother poorly clad. Food sent in and complete 
clothing outfits for all of them supplied next day, and on Saturday 
the family moved to new house, rent free. Soldier returned three 
times to office to complain that we were not doing enough. 

Story 9. Maternity case found Friday in cellar on Alex- 
ander Street, where rats were running round "as large as cats," 
say the Nurse and Ward Head. As case was imminent, arrange- 
ments were made immediately with Salvation Army to move 
family of mother and children to good house in St. Henri. Salva- 
tion Army called in snowstorm the next day. No tarpaulins, so 
were not let take things, as bedding would have got wet. Arrange- 
ments made with neighbour to accommodate woman if she was 
ill before Monday, as all her things were packed up. Confinement 
on Sunday and removal 11 days later with \\]^. Ib. baby to new 
home. Reduced rental in St. Henri. Same stormy Saturday and 
same Ward Head as in case of German landlady. 

Story 10. -Expectant mother at office and so ill we had to 
send her home to one room three stories up in Craig Street. Visitor 
followed immediately and found no clothing, no bedding, no heat 
of any kind. Bedding, clothing and baby's outfit (Daughters of 
Empire) taken down with Doctor at 8 p.m. Woman so ill with 
complications that she was at once removed to Maternity Hospital. 
Baby born in 3 days, only 3> Ibs. Both lives saved. While 
mother was in Hospital, Ward Head had room cleaned up, stove 
sent in and more clothing and blankets. Two other children, 



166 THE CALL TO ARMS 

12 -and 9 years, being looked after by kind neighbours can't 
read or write. Boy sent to school by visitor and girl may go. 
Story II. Family found in pitiable state on road out to 
Ahuntsic. New frame shack unfinished no flooring, and wind 
blowing through a poor thing, but their own ! Man out of work 
could not finish it. Enlisted, leaving wife and children with nothing 
to live on until he could draw some pay. At St. Johns, and 
nothing sent for weeks! Woman pregnant and health conditions 
impossible. Kind priest offered to get flooring done if Fund would 
look after family. Indefatigable French Visitor persuades mother 
to move to rent free house in Maisonneuve. Emergency food 
allowance made until cheque sent out. 

District Heads 

Maisonneuve, Longue Pointe, Hochelaga and Rosemount -Mrs. Reford and Mme. 

Taschereau. 

St. Andrew and St. George Mrs. Wanklyn and Mme. Taschereau. 
St. Joseph Mrs. Trask and Mme. J. T. Ostell. 
St. Mary and Papineau Mrs. R. Adair and Mme. Terroux. 
Notre Dame de Grace Mrs. C. H. Ross and Mme. E. Daoust. 
St. Ann Lady Kingston, Miss Guerin and Mme. Dillon. 
St. Gabriel Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Picard and Mme. Laviolette. 
St. Louis -Mrs. J. Scott and Mme. Taschereau. 

St. Henry Mrs. Parkes, Miss Sampson, Mrs. Swinton and Mme. Leblanc. 
Ste. Cunegonde Mrs. H. R. Drummond and Mme. Durocher. 
Montreal West Mrs. Giles and Mme. Daoust, 1st Wednesday. 
St. Jean Baptiste Mrs. Roswell Fisher and Mme. B. Normand. 
Verdun Dr. M. Hansford and Mme. Bouthillier. 
Westmount Mrs. Smart and Mme. Fortier. 
St. Lawrence Mrs. Fisk, Mrs. Workman and Mme. Hebert. 
St. Denis Mrs. Bruce Taylor, Mrs. Gordon Campbell and Mme. Germain. 
Duvernay Mrs. Thorp and Mme. Is. Tarte. 
Cartier, Bordeaux and Ahuntsic Mrs. H. B. MacDougall. 
Delorimier Mrs. Hugh Mackay and Mile. Roy. 
St. Paul and Ville Emard Mrs. Austin and Mme. Simard. 
St. James and Lafontaine Mrs. Gear. 

Lachine Mrs. Wurtele, Mrs. C. de W. Reid and Mme. Ed. Amos. 
Outremont Mrs. Wm. Drysdale and Mme. Branchaud. 
Pointe Claire to Ste. Anne Mrs. Kneeland. 
Laurier Mrs. R. R. Gordon and Mme. Branchaud. 

Volunteers for Relief Work 

(TO END OF OCTOBER) 

Allan, Lady Arnold, Miss Gert. Ahern, Miss P. 

Andras, Mrs. K. Abraham, Miss Armitage, Miss M. 

Andrew, Mrs. S. W. Arnold, Miss M. Adair, Mrs. R. 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 



167 



Allan, Mrs. 
Austin, Mrs. Allan 
Atkinson, Mrs. 
Angus, Mrs. Forbes 
Angus, Mrs. A. D. 
Allan, Mrs. T. 
Allan, Miss M. 
Anthes, Mrs. 
Ashby, Mrs. 
Armstrong, Mrs. 
Ashcroft, Mrs. 
Amos, Mrs. 
Ames, Mrs. H. B. 
Armstrong, Miss 
Badgley, Mrs. 
Barlow, Mrs. 
Barry, Mrs. 
Bastable, Mrs. 
Batley, Mrs. 
Bain, Mrs. A. W. 
Badian, Mrs. 
Baikie, Mrs. W. B. 
Barclay, Mrs. Dr. 
Bender, Miss 
Binmore, Mrs. Walter 
Bishop, Miss D. 
Blackmore, Mrs. 
Blackader, Mrs. G. 
Bodman, Mrs. 
Botting, Miss 
Bovey, Mrs. Wilfrid 
Botterell, Mrs. Frank 
Brodie, Mrs. Hugh 
Brainerd, Miss 
Brice, Mrs. A. J. 
Barnard, Mrs. 
Brown, Miss 
Browne, Mrs. Graham 
Brownrigg, Miss 
Braithwaite, Mrs. D. 
Bradbury, Mrs. 
Brookes, Mrs. 
Budden, Miss 
Buell, Mrs. 
Bumbray, Mrs. B. E. 
Buchanan, Mrs. V. 
Burke, Mrs. 

Burtsell, Miss Margaret 
Buyers, Mrs. W. 
Byrd, Mrs. Chas. 
Brown, Mrs. E. R. 
Bouchette, Mrs. 
Bowles, Miss 
Buchanan, Mrs. F. P. 
Beauvais, Mme. 
Berthiaume, Mme. 
Berthiaume, Mile. 
Beulac, Mme. 
Bonin, Mme. C. E. 
Branchard, Mme. C. H. 
Boucher, Mme. 
Bouthillier, Mme. 



Brien, Mme. V. E. 
Cantlie, Mrs. G. A. 
Cassidy, Mrs. 
Carter, Miss I. M. 
Campbell, Miss K. 
Callahan, Mrs. J. 
Campbell, Mrs. Gordon 
Carkner, Mrs. 
Carsley, Mrs. J. C. 
Casault, Miss I. A. 
Carsley, Mrs. C. L. 
Campbell, Mrs. 
Carson, Mrs. J. H. 
Cohen, Mrs. Lyon 
Cummings, Miss A. 
Cummings, Miss Helen 
Collins, Mrs. 
Colson, Mrs. C. H. 
Connelly, Mrs. J. J. 
Coristine, Miss 
Clouston, Mrs. 
Chipehase, Mrs. 
Curry, Mrs. 
Chipman, Mrs. 
Coghlan, Miss 
Clergue, Miss 
Currie, Mrs. D. 
Coghlan, Miss 
Cook, Mrs. 
Covernton, Miss 
Culross, Mrs. 
Cooper, Mrs. J. 
Cooper, Miss 
Carson, Miss 
Clapham, Mrs. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 
Cook, Mrs. 
Crevier, Mme. 
Charton, Mme. 
Clement, Mme. 
Crepeau, Mme. 
Davidson, Mrs. Peers 
David, Miss Gladys 
Dawson, Mrs. Joseph 
Dancey, Mrs. E. A. 
Davidson, Mrs. W. 
Davidson, Miss Florence 
Deacon, Mrs. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wellington 
Doyle, Mrs. P. C. 
Dobson, Mrs. J. R. 
Dodds, Mrs. 
Doherty, Mrs. 
Doherty, Miss 
Dixon, Mrs. J. E. 
Dick, Mrs. 
Dinning, Mrs. H. 
Drummond, Mrs. Huntly 
Drummond, Mrs. J. N. 
Drummond, Lady 
Dobson, Miss 
Dutton, Mrs. 



Duggan, Mrs. H. 
Durnford, Mrs. 
Dunphy, Mrs. John 
Drysdale, Mrs. Wm. 
Davies, Mrs. 
Durocher, Mme. 
Darche, Mme. A. R. 
De Sola, Mme. Clarence 
De Salaberry, Mile. 
De Tonnancourt, 

Mme. E. C. 
Dillon, Mme. 
Delisle, Mme. A. 
Duclos, Mme. 
Dubrule, Mme. J. A. 
Dupuis, Mme. 
Daoust, Mme. E. 
Eaton, Mrs. 
Evans, Miss G. 
Ewing, Miss A. 
Falle, Mrs. Geo. 
Farrar, Mrs. 
Fernald, Mrs. A. C. 
Ferugson, Mrs. Geo. 
Ferres, Miss 
Fergie, Mrs. Chas. 
Fisk, Mrs. W. 
Fischel, Mrs. G. 
Finlayson, Mrs. N. G. 
Fitzgerald, Mrs. 
Findlay, Miss A. 
Fullerton, Mrs. Wm. 
Fletcher, Mrs. 
Frankel, Mrs. 
Forbes, Mrs. J. M. 
Fisher, Mrs. Roswell 
Farrell, Mrs. G. W. 
Field, Miss E. 
Field, Miss I. 
Fyshe, Miss A. 
Fortier, Mme. H. 
Franque, Mme. 
Gault, Mrs. Ernest 
Gardner, Miss 
Garth, Mrs. 
Gardner, Mrs. R. 
Gear, Mrs. W. I. 
Gear, Miss K. 
Gelsthorpe, Mrs. 
Gilday, Mrs. L. 
Gill, Mrs. 
Gillespie, Miss 
Giles, Mrs. E. 
Gillespie, Mrs. M. 
Gopling, Mrs. 
Going, Miss 
Gordon, Mrs. Cecil 
Gordon, Mrs. Charles 
Gunn, Mrs. J. 
Grimston, Mrs. G. 
Griffin, Mrs. 
Gault, Mrs. Arthur 



J 

1 68 



THE CALL TO ARMS 



Gordon, Mrs. R. R. 
Guerin, Miss 
Guerin, Miss C. 
Glass, Miss 
Greenshields, Mrs. 
Germain, Mme. 
Gougeon, Mme. 
Grenier, Mme. 
Haskell, Mrs. S. 
Hansford, Marian, Dr. 
Haultain, Miss H. 
Harrison, Mrs. 
Haggarty, Mrs. A. A. 
Hall, Miss E. G. 
Harlan, Mrs. 
Hersey, Mrs. Milton 
Hendrick, Mrs. 
Hersey, Mrs. 
Hersey, Miss 
Hersey, Miss 
Hanson, Mrs. 
Harris, Mrs. J. O. 
Hains, Miss Elsie 
Hicquet, Mrs. 
Hirsch, Miss Essie 
Hingston, Lady 
Hinchcliffe, Miss 
Hooper, Mrs. 
Housten, Mrs. 
Holland, Miss Estelle 
Hodge, Mrs. Thos. G. 
Hodgson, Miss M. 
Hutchinson, Mrs. W. 
Hunter, Miss 
Hunter, Miss G. 
Hunter, Mrs. H. 
Hutchison, Mrs. Jos. 
Hudson, Mrs. 
Hulme, Mrs. 
Hyde, Mrs. George 
Hyman, Miss M. 
Hyman, Miss May 
Hyman, Miss E. 
Hamilton, Miss B. 
Hampson, Miss 
Hickson, Miss B. 
Henderson, Mrs. V. V. 
Hickson, Miss 
Hebert, Mme. Z. 
Ilbotson, Miss 
Ives, Mrs. 
Jacobs, Mrs. A. 
Jeffrey, Miss 
Jarvis, Miss 
Jones, Mrs. M. 
Joseph, Mrs. H. 
Joyce, Mrs. H. 
Johnson, Mrs. C. R. 
Jopling, Mrs. 
jordon, Mrs. 
Johnstone, Mrs. 
Johnston, Miss C. 



Johnston, Miss E. A. 
Jacques, Mme. E. S. 
Kane, Mrs. R. 
Kavanagh, Mrs. J. P. 
Kerry, Mrs. W. S. 
Kerry, Miss Esther 
Kent, Mrs. Lionel 
Keay, Mrs. 
Keenan, Mrs. 
Kinsella, Mrs. 
King, Mrs. 
Kippen, Miss 
Kippen, Mrs. 
Killaly, Mrs. H. 
Kohl, Mrs. 
Kirkpatrick, Mrs. 
Kneeland, Mrs. 
Laing, Mrs. 
Levi, Mrs. 
Leo, Mrs. J. L. 
Leslie, Mrs. 
Leicester, Mrs. 
Lewis, Miss 
Lee, Mrs. 
Lewison, Mrs. J. 
Learmouth, Mrs. Fred. 
Leggat, Mrs. W. 
Larkin, Mrs. A. C. 
Leamy, Mrs. 
Lepper, Mrs. 
Lewis, Mrs. J. G. 
Little, Mrs. J. A. 
Louttit, Miss A. 
Law, Miss M. 
Lyman, Mrs. Geo. \Y. 
Lister, Miss 
Lynch, Miss 
Lou son, Mrs. J. J. 
Locker, Mrs. 
Lome, Mrs. 
Labelle, Mme. 
Lafontaine, Mme. 
Lacoste, Mile. 
La Mot he, Mile. 
Lariviere, Mme. 
Laviolette, Mme. 
Leblanc, Mile. F. N. 
McCombe, Miss 
McColl, Mrs. C. A. 
McDonald, Mrs. Geo. 
McDonald, Miss K. 
McEntyre, Mrs. 
McGill, Mrs. J. T. 
McGuirk, Mrs. 
McGovern, Mrs. P. 
McGrail, Mrs. W. 
McLeod, Miss 
Mclntosh, Mrs. John 
McKee, Mrs. 
McLaren, Mrs. H. 
McKinnon, Mrs. 
McNaughton, Mrs. W.J. 



McQuaig, Miss C. 
McNall, Mrs. N. 
McNeil, Miss P. 
McRobie, Mrs. 
McQueen, Miss 
McGibbon, Mrs. G. 
Maclnness, Mrs. W. R. 
Mahoney, Mrs. G. 
Macdougall, Mrs. C. 
Maher, Mrs. John 
Maher, Miss Kathleen 
Machan, Mrs. 
Manning, Mrs. 
Magor, Mrs. 
Mathias, Miss Helen 
Matter, Mrs. 
Matthews, Mrs. H. Ross 
Matthews, W. B. 
Meisseur, Mrs. W. 
Marler, Mrs. 
Mattionson, Miss 
Mitchell, Mrs. 
Mitchell, Miss C. 
Milne, Mrs. 
Mingie, Mrs. Geo. 
Mintey, Mrs. Robert 
Milroy, Mrs. 
Monsarrat, Mrs. 
Moffatt, Mrs. R. J. 
Morris, Mrs. M. 
Morrison, Mrs. John 
Moor head, Mrs. 
Morrisey, Mrs. 
Motton, Mrs. 
Murray, Miss 
Murray, Miss E. 
Muir, Mrs. 
Murphy, Miss M. L. 
Murray, Mrs. Alex. 
Mullin, Mrs. R. T. 
MacDougall, Mrs. H. B. 
Mackay, Mrs. Hugh 
Mawning, Mrs. 
Mavor, Mrs. 
Mussen, Mrs. A. E. 
Mercur, Mrs. 
Mosses, Mrs. 
Mitchell, Mrs. G. B. 
Michaud, Mme. A. 
Nelson, Mrs. A. 
Nelson, Miss 
Newman, Mrs. 
Nicholson, Miss 
Nolda, Mrs. C. P. 
Northey, Mrs. Wm. 
Norris, Mrs. J. S. 
Neville, Mrs. 
Normand, Mme. 
O'Brien, Mrs. P. 
O'Connell, Miss E. 
O'Dell, Mrs. May L. 
O'Donohoe, Mrs. E. 



MONTREAL RELIEF COMMITTEE 169 



Offord, Mrs. E. 
Ommanney, Mrs. C. G. 
O'Connell, Mrs. 
Osborne, Miss E. 
Ostell, Mme. 
Ouellette, Mme. 
Paton, Mrs. James 
Parkes, Mrs. J. S. 
Pay ton, Mrs. W. T. 
Patterson, Miss E. 
Pavey, Mrs. H. L. 
Pavey, Miss 
Parsons, Mrs. Allan 
Parkhill, Mrs. 
Palmer, Mrs. 
Poupart, Mrs. 
Powell, Miss E. 
Peck, Mrs. Hugh 
Phymister, Miss I. 
Purcell, Mrs. J. D. 
Pillow, Mrs. 
Place, Mrs. 
Porter, Mrs. 
Perry, Miss V. 
Parkinson, Mrs. 
Papineau, Mme. 
Picard, Mme. R. P. 
Potvin, Mme. J. W. 
Quigley, Miss 
Radley, Mrs. 
Rae, Mrs. 
Reekie, Mrs. 
Reford, Mrs. R. Wilson 
Reid, Mrs. Cecil de W. 
Rawlings, Miss 
Rexford, Mrs. Irving 
Ritchie, Miss 
Rilands, Mrs. W. 
Rickert, Mrs. W. G. 
Rice, Mrs. J. P. 
Riepert, Mrs. 
Ross, Mrs. J. G. 
Roberts, Mrs. 
Rodgers, Mrs. Jas. 
Reid, Miss Helen R. Y. 
Ross, Mrs. A. F. C. 
Ross, Mrs. John Wm. 
Rowland, Mrs. 
Robertson, Mrs. Alex. 
Rowlings, Mrs. H. 
Ross, Mrs. C. H. 
Rowat, Mrs. J. 
Robertson, Miss 
Rodger, Mrs. W. A. 
Ryan, Mrs. 
Renaud, Mile. 
Roy, Mile. Berthe 
Sadler, Mrs. Walter G. 
Scott, Mrs. Walter J. 
Scott, Mrs. John 



Sampson, Miss.L. J. 
Scott, Miss E. 
Scott, -Mrs. Wm. 
Silverman, Mrs. Hattie 
Silverman, Miss J. 
Smith, Mjjp. Oliver 
Smith, Mi^SjcJ. 
Smith, McsivStanley 
Smith, Mrs. R. C. 
Smith, Mrs. A. B. 
Smith, Mrs. G. C. 
Shaw, Mrs. J. F. 
St. Anna, Mrs. 
Stuart, Mrs. Wm. 
Stuart, Miss Ethel 
Sutherland, Miss M. 
Sheridan, Mrs. 
Shaw, Miss Helen 
Scott, Mrs. David 
Shillington, Miss M. 
Shirres, Mrs. 
Stevenson, Mrs. F. A. 
Sexton, Mrs. D. M. 
Swinton, Mrs. D. B. 
Shultz, Miss 
Spence, Mrs. D. J. 
Steele, Miss 
Strachan, Mrs. Alex. 
Stewart, Mrs. Gait 
Surgeon, Miss Carrie 
Sleep, Mrs. W. 
Snowden, Mrs. W. C. 
Southam, Mrs. 
Semple, Mrs. Hugh 
Smart, Mrs. C. A. 
Somers, Mrs. 
Spragge, Mrs. 
Stercus, Mrs. J. T. 
Sutherland, Mrs. L. 
Stuart, Mrs. J. C. K. 
Stairs, Mrs. 
Stephens, Mrs. S. 
Simard, Mile. 
Souliere, Mme. 
Taylor, Mrs. Bruce 
Taylor, Mrs. Wm. 
Tansey, Mrs. 
Tate, Mrs. W. 
Taylor, Mrs. Homer 
Taylor, Mrs. 
Thurston, Mrs. 
Thorburn, Miss 
Timmis, Mrs. 
Thomas, Mrs. 
Trask, Mrs. H.K. 
Trenholme, Miss 
Turfus, Mrs. 
Thompson, Miss Mary 
Tofield, Mrs. 
Tyre, Miss 



Tyre, Miss Q. 
Thorp, Mrs. 
Tilley, Mrs. T. Gordon 
Tourangeau, Mme. N. 
Taschereau, Mrs. R. 
Tarte, Mme. I. 
Terroux, Mme. Art. 
Vineberg, Miss M. 
Vaudry, Mile. N. O. 
Walsh, Mrs. J. T. 
Wallace, Mrs. O. C. S. 
Wall, Mrs. C. H. 
Waldman, Mrs. 
Walker, Mrs. W. W. 
Walsh, Miss 
Walkem, Mrs. H. 
Ward, Mrs. F. 
Watson, Mrs. 
Warrington, Mrs. M. 
Warminton, Mrs. 
Wanklyn, Mrs. 
Wallis, Mrs. 
W r estgate, Mrs. 
Wood, Miss M. 
Webb, Mrs. H. 
Welsh, Mrs. R. E. 
Wigmore, Mrs. A. 
Whitehead, Mrs. E. A. 
White, Mrs. P. A. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robt. 
Wilson, Miss 
Wilde, Miss 
Wilson, Mrs. 
Winter, Mrs. W. H. 
Williams, Mrs. H. H. 
White, Miss 
Wilson, Mrs. F. C. 
Wonham, Mrs. H. 
Woods, Mrs. 
Wood, Miss M. 
Woodhouse, Mrs. 
Woodhouse, Miss 
Wovenden, Mrs. 
Whitehead, Mrs. T. 
Workman, Mrs. 
Worthington, Mrs. 
Wurtele, Mrs. 
Wellington, Miss 
Williams, Miss Nellie 
Wyhoska, Miss 
Wyer, Miss C. ^ 
Wylie, Mrs. W. C. 
Wyer, Mrs. 
Wright, Mrs. W. S. 
Winaud, Mrs. 
Williamson, Miss 
Warren, Mrs. Ph. 
Young, Mrs. D. A. 
Young, Miss A. B. 







Officers of Reserve Park, No. 15 Company, Army Service Corps. 

1st Royal Montreal Regiment on Church Parade, Valcartier. 

Colors of 5th Royal Highlanders of Canada. 
Royal Highlanders bidding "Goodbye" on their leaving for the front. 



Canadian Red Cross 



While the history of the Canadian Red Cross Society proper 
dates from 1896, that of the Quebec Provincial Branch, having 
its headquarters in Montreal, can boast of no records prior to the 
year 1913. 

This does not imply, however, that Montreal was backward 
in assisting the sick .and wounded in war; on the contrary, our 
city contributed either directly or indirectly its quota in money 
or material for invalided soldiers in the Franco-Prussian, Greco- 
Turkish, Matabele, Egyptian, and Turco-Russian wars but these 
contributions were not from the Quebec Provincial Branch of the 
Canadian Red Cross Society as such, but from an association from 
which the present organization was gradually evolved. 

Long before 1900 the ladies of Montreal had worked nobly 
whenever occasion required, for "The National Society for Aid 
to the Sick and Wounded in War," which was to all intents and 
purposes nothing more or less than a partially developed form of 
the Red Cross Society under another name. 

The following extract from a pamphlet issued by Headquarters 
sums up the history of the Society as at present constituted. 

"The Canadian Red Cross Society was organized in 1896 by 
Colonel George Sterling Ryerson, with the consent of and approval 
of the National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War, 
as by Letter of Authority, dated at London, December 2nd, 1896. 

"It was the first Colonial Branch established in any country. 
It tendered its services to the belligerents in the Spanish- American 
War, but owing to the short duration and climatic conditions it 
was not able to accomplish very much in this war. 

"The Society was in the proud position of being ready for 
active work when the call came to Canada to assist in supporting 
the Empire in the war in South Africa, and it first solicited sub- 
scriptions from the people on October 5th, 1899. During the war 
fifty-three Local Branches were established throughout the Dom- 
inion of Canada, and the Society was the medium, through Red 
Cross channels, of contributing in kind to the amount of $23,552.75, 
while the cash receipts were $58,826.64." 



I72 THE CALL TO ARMS 



For many years after the Red Cross movement had been 
initiated in Canada the history of the Montreal work is inseparable 
from the annals of the parent Society throughout the Dominion; 
but on May 2nd, 1900, there was formed in Montreal an inde- 
pendent branch of the Canadian Red Cross Society having its own 
administrative officers and possessing control over its own funds. 
The following extract from the report of the main Canadian 
Society after the South African War is interesting: 



MONTREAL BRANCH (QUEBEC) 

OFFICERS 

Patron: Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal. 

President: Lieut. -Col. Henshaw. 

Vice-Presidents: His Worship the Mayor of Montreal, Sir Melbourne Tait, 
Dr. R. Craik, Dr. E. P. Lachapelle, Lady Tait, Lady Hickson, Lady Kingston, 
Mrs. Geo. Drummond, Mme. Thibaudeau, Mrs. Peterson, Mrs. Yates, Miss 
Roddick. 

The Council: Bishop Bond, R. Mackay, Principal Peterson, Jas. Ross, 
Rev. Dr. Barclay, E. S. Clouston, Lt.-Col. Whitehead, A. Sinclair. 

During the winter of 1900, a number of ladies, called the Red Cross Com- 
mittee, under the direction of Dr. Roddick*, vice-president for the Province of 
Quebec, of the Red Cross Society, collected money, purchased materials, manu- 
factured garments, and hospital supplies (bandages and surgical dressings being 
sterilized by the Royal Victoria Hospital) to be forwarded to Lieut. -Col. Ryerson 
in Africa. Contributions were also received from Richmond, Stanstead, South 
Durham, Laviner, Cooperville and Porter, P.Q., the total cash value being about 
$4,000.00. 

On May the 2nd, 1900, the Montreal Branch of the Canadian Red Cross 
Society was organized; Dr. Roddick presiding. 

On December the 6th, 1900, a second committee meeting was held, and it 
was moved by Dr. Roddick and seconded by Sir Wm. Hingston that Lieut. -Coi. 
Henshaw be elected president. 

Dr. Ryerson being present acknowledged the receipt of supplies sent from 
Montreal and Westmount and testified as to the good work done by the branch. 

The supplies on hand when the notice to discontinue work was received, 
were sent to Dr. Grenfell's deep sea mission and any balance of funds is required 
for local management. 

Note. Subsequently a draft for $135.65 was received with the request that 
it be forwarded to Lieut. -Colonel Steele, which request was complied with. 

The Montreal Branch, however, was still only a ''branch," 
and not a provincial centre, and for many years after the South 
African war it was practically in abeyance. Its President, the 

* Now Sir Thomas Roddick. 



CANADIAN RED CROSS 173 

late Lt.-Col. Henshaw, died in 1907, and for some time his place 
was not filled. 

The Red Cross Society of to-day resembles the temple of 
Janus in ancient Rome, since, during the piping times of peace, 
from the close of the South African war until the present strife 
of nations, the doors of the Society's offices were closed. This, 
however, is a mere figure of speech, as the Red Cross here for a 
long time could boast of no offices whatever. 

On January 15th, 1913, the first meeting of a newly constituted 
Quebec Provincial Branch, with Montreal as its centre, was held 
at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel. The late Lt.-Col. Jeffrey H. Burland 
was in the chair, and among others present were the Hon. James 
Guerin, M.D., Dr. Kingston, Dr. E. J. C. Kennedy, Messrs. J. 
W. McConnell, Lansing Lewis and H. C. Blake, M.V.O. 

Colonel Burland was unanimously elected President, and Vice- 
Presidents, members of committees and officers were duly ap- 
pointed. The Hon. Treasurer's report showed that there was a 
credit balance of $183.20 in the bank. 

In view of the present stirring times these details may appear 
unimportant, but it must be remembered that they are records 
of the earlier history of what is now a huge and magnificently 
organised undertaking. 

At the second annual meeting, held at 2 Place d'Armes, on 
January 6th, 1914, the President was in the chair and Messrs. 
Lansing Lewis, H. Pillow and H. C. Blake, M.V.O. , were present. 
The Treasurer reported a credit balance of $214.75 in the bank. 
This sum total of assets should be remembered when the figures 
of to-day are dealt with later on. 

Upon the outbreak of war in August, 1914, Colonel Burland 
immediately supplied premises free of charge to the Society, for 
Offices and workers, also a large warehouse in which to collect and 
store supplies, moreover he gave the services of his secretary and 
enlisted the sympathies of many tradesmen, transport companies, 
business houses, etc., all of whom gave material, time, labor or 
assistance, gratis, to "facilitate the objects of the Society. 

Shortly afterwards Colonel Burland had to leave suddenly 
for England to take up his duties there as Commissioner for the 
Canadian Red Cross, his secretary also went to assist him. 

Unfortunately, Colonel Burland died soon after reaching the 
British Isles, and the Society had to mourn a real friend and 
benefactor. 



THE LATE LT.-COL. JEFFREY HALE BURLAND 



Hon. Colonel, Canadian Officers' Training Corps (McGill), President of the Canadian 

Red Cross Society, etc. Died in London, England, while engaged in 

Red Cross organization work, October, 1914. 




CANADIAN RED CROSS I75 

The Committee of the Quebec Provincial Branch of the Red 
Cross was thus left without either president or secretary and their 
places had to be filled. The pressure of clerical and administrative 
work never before had been heavier than at this time, but Major 
H. B. Yates, who had made himself conversant with the necessary 
details of management and the general ideas of campaign in 
fact had organised personally the motive forces of the Society's 
activities since the first days of hostilities came to the rescue. 

Under his guidance the organisation of the business and 
clerical departments was immediately completed and perfected. 
The various ladies' committees already had got themselves into 
working order within a few days of the outbreak of war, and owing 
to the administrative capabilities of those superintending the 
different sub-divisions of the work, everything has run smoothly 
and without a hitch ever since. 

People of all creeds, nationalities, political opinions, and grades 
of society are to-day working together amicably at Belmont 
Park and at the various local centres, and each member of the Red 
Cross vies with his or her fellow workers to produce the best re- 
sults in the shortest time and at the lowest cost to the Society. 

Care has' been taken that the influx of voluntary workers 
within the fringe of the labour market should not affect adversely 
the earnings of those normally engaged in the clothing industries 
of Canada (perhaps the term "labour market" in connection with 
the Red Cross is a misnomer, as but for the efforts of the Society 
there would be no "supply" of the articles required in spite of the 
pressing , demand for them) . Large orders have been given to 
various houses, which, it if were not for the existence of the Red 
Cross Society, might have had to dismiss employees. Not a few 
of our ladies have engaged seamstresses out of work in consequence 
of war conditions and found them employment. The sewing on 
of buttons, tapes and markings is securing a living wage for many 
who otherwise would now be starving. Wherever possible, when 
extra work has to be given out, preference is given by the Society 
to the unemployed. 

Those interested in labour problems must realise that in time 
of war the Red Cross Society creates a market for certain goods 
which is non-existent in normal circumstances; cholera belts, 
Balaclava helmets, nightingales, etc., are not supplied in thousands 
by the War Office, or stocked in large quantities by wholesale 
houses. Unorganised efforts of individuals to donate the fore- 






f 

176 THE CALL TO ARMS 

going and other necessaries would be futile; the co-operation, 
however, of units, associations, branches and centres creates the 
supply that responds to the demand and at the same time provides 
work for many who, otherwise, would be out of employment. 

And now as regards the current expenses of the Society 
some $36,000 have been collected since the beginning of the war, 
of which only about $11,000 is unspent and at the present rate of 
expenditure this balance will have nearly disappeared by Christ- 
mas time. The net cost entailed by staff expenses, stationery, 
postage, etc., in the collection and administration of this $36,000 
has been in the neighborhood of $600 only or at the cost of If 
per cent, of the sum total. Economy has been studied in every 
department and expenditure reduced to a minimum. 

In addition to the money collected, many tons of material 
and garments, both finished and unfinished, have been donated; 
and when the value of the goods is taken into consideration and 
added to the amount contributed in hard cash, the actual total 
approximates some $50,000. The sum of $600 for administration 
therefore does not err on the side of prodigality. 

On Thursday, November 12th, the annual general meeting 
of the Quebec Provincial Branch was held at Belmont Park. 
Major Yates was elected President. The following report culled 
from the Montreal Gazette of November 13th, gives an excellent 
resume of the proceedings. 

"The Canadian contingent will soon be on the firing line, and we must be 
ready for our own roll of casualties. It is therefore the duty of every mem- 
ber of the society to put out still greater efforts and to enlist further support 
so that we may meet the larger demand when it comes, as come it must," said 
Major H. B. Yates, M.D., who presided at the annual meeting of the Quebec 
Provincial Branch Red Cross Society, held at 45 Belmont Park yesterday after- 
noon. 

In his report of the work for the year, Major Yates, after reading the re- 
solution of condolence on the death of Colonel Jeffrey H. Burland, passed 
by the executive committee on October 26th, and published at that time, re- 
marked that he felt sure it expressed the feelings of every member of the Branch. 
Major Yates then gave an outline of the work of the Quebec Provincial Branch 
during the last three months, saying in part as follows: 

"At the outbreak of war strong committees were formed and the organiza- 
tion of working groups, sub-committees, etc., taken actively in hand. 

"Since the bulk of our work, I might almost say the entire work, is per- 
formed by ladies, the credit for the splendid results already achieved is due to 
them. The president of the Ladies' Executive Committee of the English section, 
Mrs. Yates; the convenors of the sub-committees, Mrs. Stuart, Mrs. Miller, 



CANADIAN RED CROSS 177 

Mrs. Birkett, Mrs. Tooke and Mrs. C. M. Holt; the secretaries, Miss Phillips, 
Miss Mabel Hickson and Miss C. Holt; Mme. Huguenin, president of the Ladies' 
Executive Committee of the French section; members of her committee, Mme. 
Thibeaudeau, Mme. F. L. B&que, Mme. Grin-Lajoie; the honorary treasurer, 
Mme. Desaulniers -indeed all the ladies assisting whose names appear in the list 
of committees have been indefatigable in the work they undertook. When it 
is realized that from this province alone 39,255 articles of clothing have been 
despatched for the sick and wounded soldiers, apart from innumerable cases of 
drugs, bandages, biscuits, and other articles of general utility, you will get some 
slight idea of the energy that these ladies have shown. There are in hand awaiting 
despatch some 2,000 additional garments. Every article requires marking, 
sorting, counting and packing. 

"Each case sent out has a list nailed on the outside showing the contents, 
in addition to a similar list enclosed. Material has been purchased, patterns 
distributed and garments cut out by the hundred. One could go on almost 
indefinitely referring to the details of the work, but from what I have said you will 
get some idea of the tasks which have been voluntarily undertaken and the 
devotion with which they have been performed. The men who are fighting our 
battles in Europe cannot claim a monopoly of self-sacrifice and heroism. The 
work of the women of the Empire, although done quietly and unostentatiously, 
is none the less meritorious and deserving of record. 

"We have in Montreal 125 life members, who have given $25 or over 
590 members paying annually $224 associates subscribing $1 each year. 

"There are to-day fourteen branches in the Province of Quebec, each self- 
supporting and contributing its quota to the ever-increasing supply of gar- 
ments which literally pours into our headquarters every day. 

"In addition to the organized branches, there are 295 groups working 
throughout the province. Those are composed of workers who have been unable 
to form themselves into regular branches, but who nevertheless have sent in 
large contributions of clothing to our Montreal receiving and packing com- 
mittees. No small measure of praise is due to all these groups for their valuable 
co-operation. 

"The Montreal French section, under the presidency of Mme. Huguenin, 
is deserving of special mention. Apart from the innumerable contributions of 
clothing received from this enthusiastic body of workers, it has collected in 
cash a considerable' sum of money. 

"During the Tag Days of October 9th and 10th the magnificent co-operation 
of the French ladies was largely responsible for the result obtained, and very 
special thanks are due to Mme. Huguenin and all her supporters for their in- 
valuable assistance. 

"While on this subject, I would like to refer to the splendid work of the 
Boy Scouts and Laval students, whose offer to undertake the collecting made 
the enterprise possible. Hearty thanks are also due to the ladies and others 
who assisted at the different bases. 

"The total collected in the two days amounted to $13,768.63. When the 
boxes were opened they were found to contain some 170,000 coins. The task 
of counting this huge collection was most kindly undertaken by Mr. Forget, 
of the St. Catherine street east branch of the City and District Savings Bank, 






178 THE CALL TO ARMS 

assisted by a number of his staff, and many others who all gave their time and 
services. 

"Through the courtesy of the Rev. C. A. Williams, a special gathering 
was held on Thursday, October 29th, in St. James Methodist Church, on behalf 
of our society. Addresses were given by Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor and Mr. 
Rowell, of Toronto. A collection which followed resulted in $225 being handed 
over to the Red Cross. 

"Very special thanks are due to Messrs. Dobell, Beckett, Uream, Price, 
and Judge, of Quebec, who, as a receiving and despatching committee, took 
personal charge of all Red Cross shipments from that port. Their duties have 
been by no means light, involving re-packing, listing, etc., and we are greatly 
indebted to these gentlemen for the work they have done. 

"The wonderful support rendered the society by firms, tradesmen, transport 
companies, and others would take too long to recount. Acknowledgments 
have appeared from time to time in the press. We have received gifts of material, 
loans of furniture, free transport for Red Cross supplies, besides liberal rebates 
and special quotations have been granted us. The premises w r e occupy are lent 
by the Burland estate rent free through the generosity of our late president, 
and practically all the contents of this house, such as tables, chairs, telephones 
etc., have been donated or loaned. 

"I must not forget to allude to the help given to this society by several 
gentlemen who have been here day after day for hours at a time carrying heavy 
loads rp and down stairs, packing, shifting and nailing down boxes, or assisting 
with the huge volume of clerical work that has to be dealt with in connection 
with or. r receiving and despatching departments. 

"There has been a noble response to our appeal for assistance. Those 
who have helped with donations have given us a splendid incentive to further 
efforts. The war has only just begun and we are warned to be prepared for still 
greater sacrifices in the months ahead of us. We cannot therefore afford to 
slacken our efforts. More funds must be collected, more hospitals equipped, 
clothing and necessaries must be sent in still larger quantities, but the Society 
feels assured that whatever work is in store will be performed in the same self- 
denying spirit displayed during the opening months of the campaign. 

"A contribution of $12,000 was sent by this province to the central funds 
of the Society. This sum represents our share of the $50,000 voted by the Cana- 
dian Red Cross to the British Red Cross Society in London. 

"Our operations are limited only by the funds at our disposal. Money is the 
sinews of war and although the war being waged by the Red Cross Society is 
against sickness and suffering yet we require funds to carry it on to a successful 
conclusion. 

"The balance now in hand will last until about the first of January. W 7 e 
are doing our best with the resources at our disposal, but the wounded, in spite 
of the efforts being made, are still lying neglected, sometimes for days, on the 
battlefield." 

In the absence of Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor, Sir Montagu Allan pre- 
sented the financial statement, showing that with a balance on hand at the 
beginning of the year of $214.75, the total revenue amounted to $36,233.45, of 
which $12,000 had been contributed to the central fund and over that amount 
for materials. After the deduction of other expenses there remained a balance 



CANADIAN RED CROSS 179 

of nearly SI 1,500. This amount would, however, be required before the end of 
the year for more materials. It would be, he claimed, a disgrace to the community 
if more money were not forthcoming, in order that the society might go on sup- 
plying Red Cross necessities as long as the need continued. Col. Fages, in moving 
the adoption of the report, emphasized the stimulus to the moral courage of an 
army knowing that real interest, help and sympathy were following their efforts 
instead of selfish curiosity; while Mr. Lansing Lewis, seconder, asked that special 
attention be called to the fact that while the balance on hand seemed a large one, 
things would have been in a far different condition had it not been for the efforts 
of the Boy Scouts and Laval students, whose two-day collection had netted 
over $13,000 for the funds. 

Lady Drummond, in supporting Mr. W. R. Miller's slate of officers for the 
coming year, paid special tribute to the proposed president, Major Yates, and to 
his valuable aid, conscientiously and unassumingly given in many good causes, 
and especially in connection with the Red Cross movement. 

His Lordship, Bishop Farthing, in answer to an invitation from the chair, 
expressed his appreciation of the marvellous instance of the sympathy of the 
people and the unity of action of the whole Empire as seen on all sides, an instance 
of absolute unanimity, with everybody ready to lend a helping hand, unparalleled 
in history. He thought one of the great results of the war would be the develop- 
ment of a greater spirit of self-sacrifice, and in Canada, especially, a breaking 
down of the spirit of materialism which had been gaining so strong a hold in our 
country. The fact of putting life into work for the Empire, not only by the men 
who had gone to the front, but by the women, who, many of them for the first 
time, were performing personal services, was doing everybody good. 

The officers as elected were: 

Patron Sir Francis Langelier, K.C.M.G. 

President Major H. B. Yates, M.D. 

Vice- Presidents Sir Montagu Allan, C.V.O.; Hon. Louis Beaubien; 
Lieut. -Col. H. S. Birkett, M.D.; Hon. Dr. J. J. Guerin; Bartlett McLennan; 
Hugh Paton; Hon. Richard Turner (Quebec); J. W. McConnell; Sir Alexandre 
Lacoste. 

Executive committee Major H. B. Yates, M.D., chairman; Sir Montagu 
Allan, C.V.O.; C. C. Ballantyne; Lansing Lewis; Col. R. E. W. Turner, V.C., 
D.S.O. (Quebec); George H. Montgomery, K.C. (honorary legal adviser); 
Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor, hon. treasurer; J. M. Coote, hon. secretary; 
F. M. Scott, assistant secretary; H. Meredith Smith, hon. auditor; Robert 
Archer; Dr. E. J. C. Kennedy; Dr. D. A. Kingston; W. M. Dobell (Quebec); 
R. M. Beckett (Quebec); Lieut. -Col. W. Price (Quebec). 

Finance committee (appointed on declaration of war) Chairman, Sir.H. 
Montagu Allan, C.V.O.; Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor; Tancrede Bienvenu; 
H. R. Drummond; A. E. Holt; Hugh Paton; R. B. Angus; M. Chevalier; 
C. B. Gordon; H. S. Holt. 

Representative to Central Council Sir H. Montagu Allan. 



Imperial Order of 
The Daughters of the Empire 

BY MRS. A. W. McDouGALD, Hon. Organizing Secretary 

The Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire, from 
being to the minds of most people merely a name, has, since the 
outbreak of the war, become a reality, taking its place beside the 
Patriotic Fund organization, the Red Cross, the Soldiers Wives' 
League, in the patriotic work of providing comforts for the soldiers 
in the field and relief for their families at home. 

The whole theory of the I.O.D.E. is to provide an effective 
organization, which during the years of peace may actively engage 
in patriotic, philanthropic and educational pursuits, but which 
when faced with a national emergency may be able to act quickly 
and effectively, and may speak as one voice, act as one arm. This 
was amply demonstrated in the splendid campaign initiated by 
the Order for Hospital Aid immediately upon the outbreak of the 
war, when, in the incredibly short space of three weeks, the sum of 
$200,000 was collected through their efforts all over Canada. 
The movement, while initiated by the I.O.D.E., became national; 
all women's organizations contributing, so that the gift was from 
the women of Canada. The fund was, by request, divided between 
the Admiralty and the War Office, the portion given to the latter 
being used to supply motor ambulances, now in the field and bearing 
the designation: "The Gift of the Women of Canada." 

The Order was founded in 1900, at the time of the South 
African War, by a Montreal woman. Mrs. Clark Murray, and was 
designed to be a bond between the women and children of the 
various parts of the Empire, particularly the Overseas Dom- 
inions. This splendid conception has borne abundant fruit, and 
though many of those who gave themselves to the perfecting of 
the links of the chain have passed on, it is a matter of greatest 
satisfaction that we in Montreal are able to enjoy the visits of the 
Foundress of the Order, who always has a word of inspiration for 
her "Daughters," whose numbers are being wonderfully augmented 
daily. The Order soon became an effective means of supplying 



DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE 181 

comforts to the men then in the field, and as Toronto was the centre 
of much of the activity at that time the headquarters of the Order 
were established there. The National Chapter is in Toronto, 
where the National Executive legislates for the whole Order, which, 
besides a continuous chain of Chapters across the breadth of 
Canada, from Halifax to Vancouver, also comprises Chapters in 
Newfoundland, Bermuda, West Indies, Bahamas, India and the 
United States. It is affiliated with the Victorian League of Eng- 
land and Australia and the Guild of Loyal Women of South Africa. 
It is non-sectarian and non-political, admits of no prejudice of 
race, creed or color, and offers to women throughout the Empire 
an opportunity to meet upon one broad, patriotic ground. 

The first aim of the Order as set forth in the constitution is 
"to stimulate and give expression to the sentiment of patriotism 
which binds the women and children of the Empire around the 
throne and person of their gracious and beloved Sovereign." 
Members are pledged to promote unity between the Motherland, 
the Sister Colonies, and themselves; to promote loyalty to King 
and Country; to forward every good work for the betterment of 
their country and people; to assist in the progress of art and liter- 
ature; to draw women's influence to the bettering of all things 
connected with our great Empire; and to instil into the minds of 
the youth of the country patriotism in its fullest sense. 

The Order's first great undertaking after the South African 
War, at the suggestion of Mrs. Clark Murray, was the search for 
the graves of those brave Canadians who sleep on the veldts of 
Africa. These graves they marked with fine headstones of Cana- 
dian grey granite, and later founded a fund which will keep the 
graves green for all time. The Educational Committee each year 
prepares a course of reading upon the life of some hero of the British 
Empire for each month of the school year; these patriotic program- 
mes have been in use in the Ontario public schools for some years 
and are considered to be of great value. Much work is done in the 
way of giving prizes, flags, medals, buttons, rifles, in the schools, 
to the scouts and cadets, and in every way encouraging the study 
of the Empire Much hospital work has been accomplished by the 
Order, particularly in the fight against the White Plague. There is 
in fact no phase of social service work which has not been under- 
taken by the Order during the fourteen years of peace, but since the 
outbreak of war the Order has risen to the emergency in a manner 
which amply demonstrates the value of organization. 



i 
182 THE CALL TO ARMS 


The particular function of the Daughters of the Empire in 

war time is to supplement the equipment of the soldier's kit with 
such articles as the Government does not supply, designated 
field comforts, particularly knitted articles. The Red Cross by their 
constitution can handle only hospital supplies. This left a wide 
scope for the I.O.D.E., and they rallied to the work with en- 
thusiasm. During October alone over 7,000 Balaclava caps were 
sent down to Valcartier, very largely hand knit. This number was 
to a large extent made possible by the fine donation of 1,000 pounds 
of wool from the Paton Manufacturing Co., Sherbrooke, for the 
I.O.D.E. have so far made no public appeal for funds, and all work 
has been carried on by the private contributions of members and 
friends. 

Soon after the outbreak of war, the Municipal Chapter, under 
the direction of Mrs. Preble Macintosh, Regent, organised the 
headquarters for Montreal practically for Quebec in the Southam 
Building, 128 Bleury Street, where they occupy a fine suite of 
rooms, the generous and patriotic gift of the head of the firm, Mr. 
F. N. Southam. Here, under the superintendence of Mrs. \V. J. 
Lewis, Convener of the work, wool is given and sent all over the 
Province to any reliable person who desires to knit for the soldiers 
socks, mufflers, wristlets, mittens, caps, cholera belts, etc. The 
parcels are transported free of charge by the Dominion, Canadian 
and Canadian Northern Express Companies. It is interesting to 
find that far from having become lost, the homely art of knitting 
is still a much prized accomplishment of Canadian women. Articles 
often bear attached to them such human documents as: "These 
were knitted by an old lady of 90 years"; "I can no longer see to 
knit, but I can knit by feeling"; "Canadian ou Canadienne, 
c'est la meme chose, n'est-ce pas?" 

Children's Chapters send us quantities of the cheese-cloth 
handkerchiefs so practical and so highly prized by the soldiers. 
These children are early learning the place that may be filled in the 
scheme of Empire by that sex which may not go to war. The good 
sisters of the various Roman Catholic orders have done great 
quantities of knitting for us; the Sacred Heart, Notre Dame 
Congregation, Villa Maria, and Grey Nuns, also many of the 
church guilds of the Protestant denominations. Recently many 
requests have been received from women throughout the Province 
of Quebec, asking what they may do to help in this time of national 



DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE 183 

crisis, and many new Chapters have been formed. Mrs. A. W. 
McDougald, the Honorary Organising Secretary, has organised 
eleven new Chapters in the last two months, each a radiating point 
for patriotic zeal, as evidenced by the splendid quantity of knitted 
comforts sent forward. 

The headquarters were equipped by the generosity of the 
following firms: Henry Morgan & Co., Goodwins, Limited, R. W. 
Kerr, Cerini, the Bell Telephone Co., and the Williams and Singer 
sewing machine companies; Greenshields, Limited, Mclntyre, 
Son & Co., W. R. Brock & Co., and John Murphy & Co. having 
donated materials. In these workrooms the various Primary 
Chapters meet for work, morning or afternoon, upon different days, 
so that the rooms are constantly occupied by groups of from 30 to 
50 ladies sewing, knitting or packing. There is scarcely any limit 
to the volunteer work available, and results are bounded only by 
the amount of money on hand for materials. When it was decided 
to send a pair of socks as a Christmas gift to every man from the 
Province of Quebec on Salisbury Plain, to the number of 5,000 
pairs, the response to the appeal made by Mrs. Preble Macintosh 
through the press came by letter and telegram to the extent of 
3,500 pairs in one day; these offers could only be accepted as the 
funds for materials came in (Mrs. William Prentice is Treasurer 
of the fund), but at the time of writing it looks as if the goal of 
5,000 pairs will be reached before the sailing of the Government 
boat which is to take these supplies. A large consignment of caps, 
mufflers, wristlets and mittens has been sent to the sailors of the 
North Atlantic Squadron; a contribution of 1,700 hand-knitted 
mufflers was collected for the Imperial Army in response to a special 
request from Lady French, wife of the famous Field Marshal, 
to Mrs. F. Orr Lewis, a member of the Montreal Chapter. Besides 
the supplies sent to the men in Europe, quantities of caps, socks, 
etc., have been supplied to the pickets on duty on the railways and 
canals in the Province of Quebec. The following corps, mobilized 
since the First Contingent, have also been supplied: Canadian 
Army Veterinary Corps (fully supplied with mufflers, cholera 
belts, wristlets, caps, mittens and handkerchiefs), Col. Gunn's 
command, Col. Fisher's command. 

The aggregate of articles sent out from the Rooms up to 
November 25, is as follows: 



1 84 THE CALL TO ARMS 

Canadian Contingent 17,000 articles 

Canadian Pickets 565 articles 

North Atlantic Squadron 750 articles 

Imperial Army 1,750 articles 



Total 20,065 articles 

Local Relief -. 250 garments 

(Figures for Queen's Needlework Guild not available at 

present.) 

As the Patriotic Fund and Soldiers Wives' League were so 
ably looking after the wives and families of soldiers, it was decided 
that the Order should bend every effort to relieving the widespread 
distress which, though the direct result of business conditions arising 
out of the war, cannot be relieved by the Fund. Several Chapters 
are contributing a very substantial sum monthly to the Charity 
Organization, Miss Mona Prentice acting as Treasurer, and other 
aid is afforded in the way of warm clothing from the Workrooms. 

Recently, in response to a widespread demand, a Bureau was 
opened by the Municipal Chapter for parcels intended for soldiers 
of the First Contingent; this will prove a great boon to many 
lacking the necessary information or facilities to ensure that the 
packages reach their destination promptly. This Bureau will be in 
charge of Mrs. C. M. de R. Finniss and a committee. 

The Montreal branch of the Order dates from October 1910, 
when the Municipal Charter was organized by Mrs. C. Welland 
Merritt and Organizing Committee, the following officers being 
elected: Mrs. H. B. Yates, Regent; Mrs. George Cantlie, Vice- 
Regent; Mrs. R. A. El Greenshields, Treasurer; Mrs. E. B. Savage, 
Secretary; Mrs. J. G. Ross, Standard-bearer; Mrs. A. W. Mc- 
Dougald, Organizing Secretary. This Chapter is the organizing 
and governing body, has under its jurisdiction the Primary Chapters 
in the municipality, and is in turn under the National Chapter. 
The average membership of Primary Chapters is fifty, and their 
executives are members of the Municipal Chapter. Primary 
Chapters in Montreal have been organized in the following order: 

, MOUNT ROYAL 

Regent, Mrs. George Starke Secretary, Mrs. J. A. Dunlop 

Vice-Regent, Mrs. F. N. Southam Treasurer, Miss Florence Greene 

Standard-bearer, Mrs. J. K. L. Ross 



DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE 185 

VICTORIA RIFLES 

Regent, Mrs. F. W. Fisher Treasurer, Mrs. E. B. Busteed 

Secretary, Mrs. John Gunn Standard-bearer, Mrs. V. O'Donahoe 

WOLFE AND MONTCALM 

Regent, Mrs. Henry Joseph Secretary, Mrs. Peers Davidson 

1st Vice, Mrs. H. S. Holt Treasurer, Miss B. Caverhill 

2nd Vice, Mrs. A. W. McDougald Standard-bearer, Mrs. F. Meighen 

LADY SCOTT 

Regent, Mrs. J. H. M. Robertson Secretary, Mrs. D. J. Munn 

1st Vice, Mrs. T. L. Morrisey Treasurer, Mrs. W. Rutherford 

2nd Vice, Mrs. W. Slessor Standard-bearer, Mrs. David Campbell 

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON 

Regent, Mrs. B. B. Stevenson Secretary, Mrs. H. Beverley Robinson 

1st Vice, Mrs. Wilfrid Bovey Treasurer, Mrs. B. W. P. Coghlin 

2nd Vice, Mrs. C. M. de R. Finniss Standard-bearer, Miss F. Macintosh 

LORD KITCHENER 

Hon. Regent, Mrs. Clouston 2nd Vice, Mrs. Fred. Tooke 

Regent, Mrs. Richard Kerry Secretary, Miss May Robertson 

1st Vice, Mrs. Thos. Bacon Treasurer, Mme. Mingeault 

Standard-bearer, Mrs. Allister MacKenzie 

ALDERSON 

Regent, Mrs. D. A. MacNaughton Secretary, Mrs. H. M. Lamb 

1st Vice, Miss Lowe Treasurer, Miss Stickley 

2nd Vice, Mrs. Stickley Standard-bearer, Mrs. Fosbery 

MARGARET POLSON MURRAY 

Regent, Mrs. G. F. Johnston Secretary, Mrs. Alex. Wood 

1st Vice, Mrs. H. McLaren Treasurer, Mrs. Barclay Stevens 

2nd Vice, Mrs. Duncan Anderson Standard-bearer, Mrs. Briggs 

Executive of the Municipal Chapter, Montreal: 

Hon. Pres., Mrs. H. B. Yates Treasurer, Mrs. H. B. Walker 

Regent, Mrs. Preble Macintosh Standard-bearer, Mrs. J. G. Ross 

1st Vice, Mrs. George Cantlie Convener of Work, Mrs. W. J. Lewis 

2nd Vice, Mrs. M. de M. Marler Hon. Organizing Secretary, Mrs. A. 
Secretary, Mrs. E. B. Savage W. McDougald 

Councillors and members of the various Chapters include the following: 

Lady Graham Mrs. Chas. Meredith 

Mrs. Farthing Mrs. W. Chipman 

Mrs. Jeffrey Burland Lady Shaughnessy 

Mrs. G. L.'Cains Mrs. H. W. Beaticlerk 

Mrs. Orr Lewis Mrs. Hayter Reed 

Lady Aitken Mrs. A. R. Doble 

Lady Allan Mrs. W. R. Miller 

Mrs. Colin Campbell Mrs. G. A. Stuart 

Mrs. Ernest Stuart Mrs. J. G. Adami 

Mrs Carl Riordan ' Mrs. Andrew A. Allan 

Mrs. McNicoil Mrs. J. C. Acer 

Mrs. H. V. Meredith Lady Clouston 



186 



THE CALL. TO ARMS 



Mrs. D. C. Macarow 

Airs. F. Minden Cole 

Mrs. Geo. Durnford 

Mrs. G. G. Foster 

Mrs. C. B. Gordon 

Mrs. Cecil Gordon 

Mrs. H. S. Hunter 

Mrs. W. A. Grant 

Mrs. W. Hodgson 

Mrs. Vachelle Koelle 

Mrs. Lansing Lewis 

Mrs. Aliister Mitchell 

Mrs. Geo. Marler 

Mrs. Clarence McCuaig 

Mrs. D. Lome McGibbon 

Mrs. G. Washington Stephens 

Mrs. R. \Y. Reford 

Mrs. Herbert Molson 

Mrs. A. Allan McKen/ie 

Mrs. A. Guy Ross 

Mrs. A. A. Sandeman 



Mrs. Stavert 
Mrs. C. W. Trenholme 
Mrs. Sutherland Taylor 
Mrs. Hollister Wilson 
Mrs. Godfrey Weir 
Mrs. Norman Dawes 
Mrs. Hugh MacKay 
Mrs. Melvin Davis 
Mrs. W. Prentice 
Mrs. W. I. Gear 
Mrs. W. Peterson 
Mrs. H. H. Henshaw 
Mrs. A. E. Robert 
Mrs. C. S. Hosmer 
Mrs. Drinkwater 
Mrs. Fiske 

Mrs. Horace A. Hutchins 
Mrs. Hebden 
Miss E. Holland 
Miss Hickson 




Montreal Soldiers' Wives League 

On the outbreak of the Boer War, in 1899, Lady Hutton 
wife of General Hutton, at the time commanding the forces in 
Canada, founded the first branch of the Soldiers' Wives League 
in Montreal. So urgent was the need of such an organization 
that it rapidly spread throughout all the Military Districts in 
Canada. 

The aim of the League as denned in the constitution is "to 
bring the wives and relatives of all soldiers, whether of officers, 
non-commissioned officers or men of the staff, permanent corps 
and active militia of Canada into closer touch and sympathy with 
one another so that whether in sickness or in health they may be 
able mutually to aid and assist one another and their families in 
times of difficulty, trouble or distress." 

It will readily be seen that at the present time there is pressing 
need for the active work of the League. The military authorities 
at Ottawa have always recognized the standing of the Soldiers' 
Wives League. At the time of the Boer War the funds raised for 
the soldiers' families were distributed in Montreal through the 
League by voluntary workers to the satisfaction of all concerned. 
At the Military Conference in Ottawa two years ago, the Montreal 
League was invited to send representatives. 

At the present time the League in Montreal is paying friendly 
regimental visits, distributing clothes, arranging for afternoon 
meetings in the various armouries to bring all the relatives of 
soldiers together, making comforts for our soldiers, and this 
December 1914 providing a special Christmas dinner for our 
soldiers in barracks on Peel Street and getting together Christmas 
gifts for the children of all soldiers who have volunteered for active 
service. 

Since the war broke out the League has met weekly in the 
Victoria Rifles Armoury. The business of the League has been 
pleasantly broken into by both interesting and helpful addresses. 
Colonel Bridges, Chief Medical Officer from Montreal with our 
First Contingent, spoke of the work of the Army Medical Corps 
and the Red Cross, Colonel Denison gave an interesting address 
on his militray experiences in South Africa, Colonel Winter, Military 



1 88 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

Secretary to General Hughes, gave a most inspiring talk, the Bishop 
of Montreal addressed the League on the spiritual aspect of the 
war, and Canon Renaud and Major Sullivan also gave words of 
advice and encouragement. 

Since the present war began numerous branches of the League 
have been formed. Those in Ottawa, St. John, Hudson Heights 
and Westmount may be mentioned. When our First Contingent 
was leaving Valcartier the following card was given to each of the 
three thousand men from Montreal : 

"The Soldiers' Wives League of Montreal wishes you God 
speed, and a safe and quick return. 

"It also asks you to let any of the officers of the League, 
whose names are given below, know if you would like a friendly 
visit paid by a member of the League to your mother, wife, daughter, 
sister or other relative. Also let them know, if you wish, the 
name of your nearest relative so that they can communicate with 
him or her if need be. On these friendly visits if financial help is 
needed the League will report it to the Patriotic Fund which will 
attend to it. 

"Already the League is taking steps to give to the soldiers' 
children a happy Christmas and has also been collecting and sending 
various comforts to Valcartier. 

"The good wishes and the prayers of the League go with every 
Canadian soldier. 

Mrs. Denison, Hon. President, 815 University St. 

Mrs. Busteed, President, 87 St. Mark St. 

Mme. Ostell, Treasurer, 195 Bishop. 

Mrs. J. G. Ross, Rec. Secretary, 731 Sherbrooke W. 

Mrs. F. Minden Cole, Cor. Secretary, 215 Stanley St." 

Since then Mrs. J. G. Ross has had to resign her secretaryship 
owing to pressure of work in the Highlanders and her place has been 
taken by Mrs. Woodburn. The Vice-President is Mrs. G. W T . 
Stephens. The Executive includes representatives from all the 
city regiments and corps. Mrs. E. W. Wilson, Mrs. Fages, Mrs. 
Stewart, Mrs. Leduc, Mrs. Cantlie, Mrs. J. G. Ross, Mrs. Frank 
Bond, Mrs. Gibsone, Mrs. Molson Crawford, Mrs. Carson, Mrs. 
Cooper, Mrs. Gunn, Mrs. Bridges, Mrs. Sadler, Mrs. Lacey Johnson, 
Mrs. Creelman, Mrs. Smart, Mrs. Labelle, Mrs. Des Trois Maisons, 
Mrs. Kippen, Mrs. Bisaillon, Mrs. Robert Wilson. 



The Young Men's Christian 
Association in War Time 

Never before has Canada faced an emergency like that 
created by the present European War and perhaps never before 
has any people responded more promptly, enthusiastically and 
effectively to the demands growing out of such a situation. Within 
about six weeks' time a peaceful valley, occupied by farms with 
their cattle and waving grain, had been converted into a Military 
Camp with a dozen miles of water mains, miles of railroad sidings 
and three and a half miles of rifle ranges, where 35,000 men, 
gathered from Sydney to Victoria and from the boundary line 
to the Yukon, were mobilized and trained and from which they 
had gone on transports bound for the mother land en route to the 
scene of war. A finer group of men it would be impossible to find 
and difficult to imagine young, strong, enthusiastic, intelligent 
and withal taking a most serious view of the business in hand. We 
have it on the very best authority that since they have landed on 
Salisbury Plain and begun rifle practice the Canadian soldiers have 
averaged 87%, some reaching as high as 93%, which says very 
much for the calibre of our men, at least in the matter of marks- 
manship. 

A feature of the Summer Training Camps of our Canadian 
troops for the past forty-three years has been the Young Men's 
Christian Association. Starting first at Niagara-on-the-Lake in 
1871, the work has grown in magnitude and favor until it has 
come to be recognized as practically a unit of the Canadian Militia 
and has spread to other countries. W 7 hen war was declared the 
National Council of Young Men's Christian Associations of Canada 
telegraphed the Minister of Militia offering to serve in any con- 
centration or mobilization camps that might be established. 
This offer was promptly accepted and authority given to establish 
and conduct this work at Valcartier. Soon, at a spot in the very 
centre of the camp, there arose the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation tents four large marquees and a dozen or more army 
tents to house the staff and great was the joy among the soldiers 
when they found that this organization, which had served them 



1 9 o THE CALL TO ARMS 

all over the land for so many years, was ready with its ministrations 
amid these new surroundings and conditions. The Association 
staff was in charge of Mr. T. F. Best, of Hamilton, who accom- 
panied one of the Canadian contingents to South Africa at the 
time of the Boer War as a representative of the Canadian Associa- 
tions, and employed altogether seventy-eight men, as many as 
forty-eight being on duty at one time. 

One of the large marquees was used for a. correspondence 
room and post office. It contained tables to accommodate two 
hundred at one tirre, and in one end was the post-office where 
hundreds of thousands of letterheads (over 13,000 in one day) 
and a corresponding number of envelopes were given out to the 
men gratuitously, where postage stamps and cards were sold and 
where orders could be left for articles which officers or men wished 
purchased for them in Quebec City. This latter developed into quite 
a business, the orders entrusted to our representative amounting 
to as high as $200 or $300 a day. In one day the Secretary took 
into Quebec for repairs 130 watches. All this work was done 
without charge to the men. One of them w r ho was served in this 
way wished to pay for the service but when told that the Assoc- 
iation was glad to render such without charge, said: "I have 
been watching this thing for nine days to see where the graft was 
and now I am convinced there is no graft." Another tent was 
used for a barber-shop and shoe-shine. This also proved a great 
convenience. A third was used for meetings of religious or social 
nature, moving-picture shows and lantern exhibitions. In one 
end of this was a piano, out of which the men got much pleasure. 
The fourth tent was a refreshment booth, or, as it was called, a 
"dry canteen." Here the men could purchase at reasonable 
rates not only soft drinks, biscuits, fruit, etc., but also many little 
articles of convenience which experience showed were needed for 
example, handkerchiefs, towels, shoe-laces, soap, tooth-brushes, 
etc. 

A regular schedule of sports was organized and conducted by 
competent Physical Directors, including Mr. A. C. Johnston, of the 
Point St. Charles Association. In one week there were seventy-four 
baseball games and 76 football games. Those competing in athletic 
events for one week numbered 3,400 men. Besides those partici- 
pating there were thousands who enjoyed looking on. 

In one of the tents above referred to religious meetings 
were held nightly and the tent and the space immediately around the 



Y.M.C.A. IN WAR TIME 191 

tent was crowded with men. At the moving-picture screen, erected 
and served by the Government, a short religious meeting was held 
by Association representatives each evening before the moving- 
pictures were put on. These meetings were attended by from 
2,000 to 5,000 men each night. Besides this, smaller groups were 
gathered in the lines, where bonfires would be lighted and the leader 
or leaders start to sing, when 150 to 500 men would gather around 
and join in; on one day as many as eighteen such meetings were 
held and every day five or six. Many men bore testimony to the 
influence of these gatherings upon their lives. The hospitals 
were visited. Two men were assigned to the duty of looking up 
men concerning whom letters were received and this proved to be 
an important feature of the work. 

The testimony of both officers and men was most unanimous 
and hearty as to the value of the work. Col. Williams, Adjutant 
General and Commander of the Camp, for himself and staff, 
expressed appreciation. Those who came in from outside to visit 
were greatly impressed and the men themselves by hundreds 
testified to the benefits which they had derived in various ways 
from the efforts of the workers in their behalf. In Britain, His 
Majesty King George, and in Canada, His Royal Highness the Gover- 
nor General, are Patrons of the Field Service Department of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, which carries on this work, 
and many men high in the Army, as also those in Church and State, 
have given it their hearty and public approval. 

Just before the men embarked on the transports a song-book, 
issued by the National Council through the courtesy of several 
paper and printing houses in Toronto, was given to the men. 
It was expected when this book was arranged for that there would 
be about 20,000 men going overseas, and an edition of 25,000 was 
prepared and distributed. This, of course, left some of the men 
without the book. We hope, however, to make up for this deficiency 
a little later. 

Six of the Secretaries who served at Valcartier accompanied 
the troops on the transports overseas and at this writing are serving 
them on Salisbury Plain and are prepared, if the opportunity 
comes, to accompany them to the front. The names of these men 
are as follows: H. A. Pearson, Toronto; Harry Whiteman, Quebec; 
A. J. Pequegnat, Stratford; Oscar D. Irwin, Collingwood; Chris 
Graham, Amherst; A. W T . Forgie, National Boys' W 7 ork Secretary 
for Ontario and Quebec. Mr. W. W 7 . Lee, National Immigration 



1 92 THE CALL TO ARMS 

Secretary of Young Men's Christian Associations, sailed on 
October 20th to be the Associations' representative at the base 
and the medium of communication between the home folks and 
Associations and the boys at the front. 

The following extract from a letter from Mr. Forgie will be of 
interest as indicating the nature of the work done on the transports, 
and of special interest to Montreal people as a Montreal corps was 
on this ship and a Montreal man was President of the Young Men's 
Christian Association organized on board: 

On board the Cunard SS. "Andania," 
Tuesday, Sept. 29th, 1914. 

Men and officers alike seem to be pleased to have a 
Y.M.C.A. man on board, and have given us a great re- 
ception in every quarter. I came on board last evening 
for dinner, got my things straightened out, met some 
of the officers and a few men, but was afraid to wander 
far from home for tear of getting lost. 

This morning we pulled out into midstream, and I 
shed my tunic and stars and donned a sweater coat, 
and got busy among the men. I posted notices calling 
a meeting of the members and ex-members of Y.M.C.A. 
and to-night had thirty of these together and formed the 
SS. "Andania" Young Men's Christian Association, with 
Col. Leckie as Honorary President and Color-Sergt. 
Rankin of Montreal Central, as President. We have 
committees to look after Deck Sports, Entertainments, 
Meetings and Literature, with some mighty good men 
to swing these features on each. 

We decided on the room we wanted, and the Saloon 
Steward has promised to have it cleared out for us to-night. 
We also decided to ask the privilege of having the last half- 
hour 9 to 9.30 of the time around the piano in the 
Men's Messroom for a hymn service and a short talk. 
After telling the men of the formation of the Association, 
we forthwith put on our first service, about 150 men being 
present. We had Canon Scott speak for a few minutes. 

The men who form the Association are to meet for 
Bible Study every morning, so that we will develop a real 
fellowship in service. We may have also another class 
for others. We are to have a magazine exchange, give 



Y.M.C.A. IN WAR TIME 193 

out stationery, etc. Things are most promising for a 
strong work on board, and we hope to confirm the great 
expectation you have for this work. 

All the men on board 1,500 or more are from the 
brigade to which I am attached, the 3rd. They are the 
Seaforth Highlanders, Vancouver; Gordons, from Victoria; 
Camerons from Winnipeg and 91st from Hamilton. We 
have also half of the Royal Rifles of Montreal, and the 
Divisional Signal Corps. 

The Montreal Association has offered to do everything in its 
power for the welfare of the men of the Second Contingent who 
have been enlisting and undergoing training at the Armories, 
and especially the barracks on Peel Street. The men of the Veter- 
inary Corps visited the building regularly during their stay. Col. 
Fisher and Col. Gunn of the 23rd and 24th Battalions accepted the 
courtesy of the Association by arranging for the officers to use the 
gymnasium and baths three mornings a week, taking breakfast 
together in the Cafeteria. The Army Medical Corps expect to 
use the men's gymnasium three mornings a week. 

As soon as space can be assigned in the Peel Street Barracks, 
the Association hopes to equip a room for Reading, Writing and 
Social purposes along the lines of the work already done at Valcar- 
tier. 



The Franco-Belgian Sub-Committee 

The following account of the interesting and important work 
of the Franco-Belgian Sub-Committee of the Patriotic Fund 
(dealing with the families of French and Belgian reservists) is 
translated and slightly condensed from the report written in the 
French language, by Mile. G. M. N. Greterin, of the Secretarial 
Committee. 

At the very opening of hostilities the French colony in Montreal 
had to face the problem of supplying the needs of the families left 
behind by the reservists who were called to the colors of France. 
A makeshift organization was formed which immediately applied 
itself to the most urgent cases. It is impossible sufficiently to 
thank the Union Nationale Franchise, all of whose members 
set to work with unqualified devotion ; the Union loaned its offices 
as working headquarters, and it is there that the office of the 
Patriotic Fund (Franco-Belgian Sub-Committee) is installed to-day. 
The Union drew upon its workroom from August 7 to provide 
clothing for women, children, and in some cases for the reservists 
themselves; the Union dispensary became the dispensary of the 
Patriotic Fund, lending itself to all our needs and providing at- 
tendance on the days which we did not take; finally the Union 
took into its refuge the reservists from out of town who arrived 
here without money and without any place to go, and distributed 
to them more than 7,000 meals. 

One of the chief difficulties in the beginning was to find Lady 
Visitors, for the majority of the French colony were in the country 
or abroad for their vacations. But once more devotion and in- 
genuity triumphed. Immediately on her return from France, 
Mme. Bonin, wife of the Consul-General of France, in Montreal, 
placed herself at the head of a small group of eight French ladies, 
and without delay, daily in every ward in the city, these ladies 
supplied moral consolation and material assistance to the re- 
servists' families. These first Visiting Ladies were: Mme. Barbier,. 
Mme. Cury, Mme. Rostiaux, Mme. Chouillou, Mile. Revol, Mme. 
and Mile. Des Isles, Mme. Gardaix. 



FRANCO-BELGIAN SUB-COMMITTEE 195 

At this period the Finance Committee was paying the wives 
of the reservists during at least three afternoons a week, and was 
giving .them what little money could be disposed of before the 
endowment of the Patriotic Fund by the generous citizens of 
Montreal with the immense sum which it is now administering. 
Since then the work of development and organization have gone 
forward greatly, and the institution is now composed of nine 
committees. With the original French organization has been 
associated the group of Belgian ladies who, at the outset, were 
working independently, but with the same purpose, and whose 
devotion has been beyond all praise. At the beginning of October 
all the committees were formed, and their composition was as 
follows : 

(1) Finance Committee: This committee deals with the 
treasury (payments being made ordinarily through M. Tarut, 
chairman of the committee, and President of the Franco-Belgian 
Sub-Committee) , and with the organization of groups for collecting 
subscriptions; for the latter purpose it enlisted the talents and 
self-denying activity of M. Genin. M. Franck is also a member 
of the committee in virtue of his capacity as President of the Bel- 
gian Assistance Committee. M. Seurot deals with the assisting 
of cases in the Canadian Provinces. Payments are made twice a 
month, on the first and third Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday 
of the month; registered numbers 1 to 150 on Saturday, 151 to 
300 on Tuesday, and 300 upwards (the last register as 537), on 
Thursday. In special cases, sjckness, maternity, etc., relief is 
taken to the house by a member of the committee or a Visiting 
Lady. On request, or in cases where the dwelling is too far away, 
relief is sent by cheque. At the time of writing the committee 
is assisting 422 families, of whom 396 are French and 26 Belgian, 
embracing a total of 976 persons (wives, mothers, children, aged 
fathers, and sick members of the family). There were 476 French 
families registered, and 37 Belgian; but a certain number of 
French reservists were sent back from France by the French 
Government, a few families were sent to France, and others are 
receiving aid from other quarters. The total amount of relief 
allowances paid from August 22 to October 28 was $22,985. During 
October that is to say subsequent to the adoption of the Patriotic 
Fund schedule by the Ottawa Committee there was paid to the 
French and Belgian families the sum of $13,081, or an average of 
almost exactly $30 per family per month. In this amount are 



J 

196 THE CALL TO ARMS 



included both the sums provided by the Patriotic Fund and the 
allowances remitted by the French Government, the latter based 
on the schedule prevailing in France, namely 25 cents for the wife 
and 10 cents per child per diem. Thanks to the generosity of 
Canada it is possible to do more for the reservists' families than 
can be done in France itself. The Finance Committee has also 
established a Repatriation Office, under the direction of M. Tarut. 
This Office has settled 19 French families, of 43 persons, in the 
West and South of France. M. Genin undertook the securing of 
the transportation, which cost the sum of $1,135.31. 

(2) Secretariate: This committee works daily, from 9 to 6, 
and is composed of: Mile. G. Greterin (Secretary), M. Chouillou 
(Vice-President of the Franco-Belgian Sub-Committee), Comte de 
Sars le Comte (Secretary of the Franco-Belgian Executive Com- 
mittee), M. Tarut (President of the Franco-Belgian Sub-Com- 
mittee), Mile. G. Revol (Secretary of the Ladies' Committee), 
M. de Passille, M. Prevot, M. Daulne and M. De Crevecoeur. 

(3) Visiting Ladies: This committee meets every Monday, 
at 4, for distribution of new cases, reports on visits made, and special 
inquiries. 

President Mine. C. E. Bonin. 

Secretary Mile. G. Revol. 

Belgian Member of Executive Mme. Franck. 

WARD VISITORS: 

Longue-Pointe and Maisonneuve Mme. Dufresne. 

Hochelaga Mme. Demuy, Mme. C. Archer. 

Rosemount Mme. A. Leger. 

Laurier Mme. Chouillou, Mme. Landreau. 

Delorimier Mme. Mercure, Mme. Brisset des Xos. 

Papineau Mme. Rostiaux, Mile. Pasquin. 

Saint-Mary Mme. P. Beulac, Mme. A. Thibaudeau. 

Duvernay -Miles. Hebert. 

St. Jean Baptiste Mme. de Boissieu. 

Saint Louis Mme. Lamarche, Mme. V. Vennat, Mme. de Crevecoeur, Mile. 

Ledieu, Miles. Georges. 

Saint Jacques Mme. Barbier, Mme. Thouin, Miles. Rouer-Roy. 
Lafontaine Mme. Queva, Mme. Fardaix, Mme. Le Roy. 
Outremont Mme. Maillet. 
Saint Denis Mme. Fontaine, Mme. et Mile. Wiker, Mme. Dansereau, Mme. 

Maillet, Mile. Larocque, Mile. I. St. Jean. 
Ahuntsic Mme. Fontaine. 

Saint Lawrence Mme. Obalska, Mme. Lafontaine, Mme. Kerhulu. 
Saint George Mme. Chevalier. 



FRANCO-BELGIAN SUB-COMMITTEE 197 
WARD VISITORS Continued 

Saint Joseph Mme. Couture. 

Saint Anne, etc. Mme. des Isles. 

Saint Andrew Mme. E. Hurtubise. 

Westmount Mme. L. Rodier. 

N.D. de Grace Mme. MSriot. 

Emard Mme. Cury. 

Verdun Mile. Fillet. 

Lachine Mme. et Mile. Brisset des Nos. 

52. Lambert, etc. Mme. Bonin. 

East, Centre, West Mile. O'Leary. 

(4) Workrooms and Clothing: The workrooms prepare and 
sew garments and distribute them to women who present orders 
signed by the Visiting Ladies. Workroom, Section 1, is that of the 
Union Nationale Franchise, entitled "Ouvroir du Drapeau," 347 
Viger Avenue. It is under the direction of Mile. S. Brisset des Nos, 
daughter of the president of the Union Nationale, and commenced 
operations five days after the declaration of war. Since then it has 
consumed some 2,500 yards of flannel, cotton, etc., partly in the 
manufacture of 500 garments and partly in distribution to families. 
Some 250 families have received garments or pieces of material, 
and 350 pairs of shoes have been distributed. Besides the pre- 
sident, the Workroom is made up as follows: Mme. Cury (Sec- 
retary), Mme. Barbier, Mile. Bessette, Mme. Charbon, Mile, de 
Crevecoeur, Miles. Boire, Mile. Delille, Mme. Dorgeval, Mme. 
Dufresne, Mme. Dupont, Mme. Fontaine, Mme. Fardaix, Miles. 
Grandguillot, Mme. Landreau, Mile. C. Laberge, Mile. Labelle, 
Miles. Martineau, Mme. and Mile. Lecointe, Mile. Desaulniers, 
Mme. Mercure, Mme. Montplaisir, Mme. Perron, Mme. Pellerin 
de St. Loup, Mile. Robillard, Miles. St. Jean, Mile. Terroux, etc. 

W r orkroom, Section 2, founded in the middle of September 
to assist its predecessor, occupied two rooms in the Refuge Menard, 
1412 St. Denis Street. Originally composed of 20 members, it was 
founded by Mme.. R. Puiget in collaboration with Mme. A. V. 
Roy, with Mme. Dulieux as secretary, but at the beginning of 
October Mmes. Puiget and Dulieux, to the deep regret of their 
associates, left for France, where their husbands were serving 
their country. It has distributed 395 articles, including 6 layettes 
of 25 articles each, cloaks, skirts, shawls, lingerie, children's gar- 
ments, etc. It has used 692 yards of material, and possesses 1,000 
articles, including knitted work. Subsequent to the last meeting 
of the Executive Committee, this workroom decided to become a 



198 THE CALL TO ARMS 

private body, meeting at the house of the president, and working 
for an object hitherto neglected the provision of articles of clothing 
for assisted families outside of Montreal, on recommendation of 
Mme. Bonin. Its premises and its sewing machines (generously 
provided by the Singer Company), are left to the use of any who 
will volunteer. This workroom was composed as follows: Mme. 
A. V. Roy (President), Mme. de Crevecoeur (Vice- President), 
-Mmes. Barry, Beullac, Chouillou, Cholette, A. Decarie, J. Decary, 
Des Caillets, J. O. Gravel, Greterin, H. Herdt, A. Larocque, 
Macdonald, Marchand, Montpetit, Seurot and A. Surveyer; 
later nominations were Mmes. Hodgson and de Sars le Comte, 
representing the Belgian Ladies. 

A third Workroom has been opened under the presidency of 
Mme. Obalski, and a fourth is in process of formation in West- 
mount. 

(5) Dispensary and Medical Department: A dispensary is in 
operation at 347 Viger Avenue, at the Union Nationale Franchise, 
where free consultation may be had by the women who are able 
to attend. It is open every Thursday, and the first and third 
Tuesday and Saturday of the month; it has been open since the 
middle of August, and has had over 80 cases. Dr. Normandin 
and Dr. Riopelle have attended with unfailing assiduity, punctual- 
ity and devotion, and have been assisted by one of the ladies of the 
Dispensary. 

The Dental Institute of Laval University gives free attention 
to the Fund's families, on presentation of orders kindly provided 
by Dr. Nolin; some ten persons have already profited thereby. 
All the druggists in the various wards have undertaken to supply 
medicines at cost (free supply being impossible owing to the con- 
ditions prevailing in Europe) ; to them also the Committee extends 
its thanks for an assistance which materially lightens the expenses 
of many families. 

The hospitals, both public and private, have generously opened 
their doors. The General Hospital has lately had two cases, the 
Royal Victoria one, the Bruchesi Hospital is ministering to a case 
of tuberculosis which promises to make a cure, the St. Justine 
Hospital has two children of reservists. 

A Medical Association has been formed under the presidency 
of Dr. R. Boulet, aided by Dr. Grenier for maternity cases and Dr. 
Laramie for general diseases. Over 300 doctors in all parts of the 
city have joined the Association. To facilitate their work there is a 



FRANCO-BELGIAN SUB-COMMITTEE 199 

rard president, or "chef de groupe," in each ward. The Lady 
^isitors have instructions to inquire the name of the family doctor 
each case or to suggest one living in the ward. This admirable 
undertaking on the part of the Montreal medical men is a striking 
proof of the devotion that may be brought forth by a great cause; 
for practically the whole French-speaking medical profession of 
the city has joined in the work; it is already responsible for the 
health of 35 families. The Committee has 43 maternity cases; 
four babies already born have been provided with layettes, and 
cradles have been either given or loaned for them. Mme. Hodgson, 
president of the committee, personally visits all the maternity 
cases, and ensures the provision of a layette, either provided by 
the Workroom or offered by 'V Assistance Maternelle. Several 
institutions have undertaken to provide maternity nurses, all with 
the same unqualified goodwill; they are: 1' Assistance Maternelle 
and the Gardes Ville-Marie, the Soeurs de 1'Esperance, and the 
Victorian Order of Nurses. The fine organization of this com- 
mittee is due to the persevering labors and initiative of the presi- 
dent, Mme. Hodgson. Ladies of the Dispensary: Mmes. Queva 
and Drouin; Dispensary Physicians: Dr. Brisset des Nos, Dr. 
Schniitt, Dr. Normandin, Dr. Riopelle. 

(6) Schools and Refuges: The object of this committee is to 
organize the houses which have been offered for refuge purposes, 
such as 1412 St. Denis Street, given by Messrs. Lepage and Menard r 
where, after some slight repairs, the committee has installed three 
families five orphans, a mother and two children, a mother and 
one child. A caretaker and his wife, residing near the entrance, 
look after the property. Numerous other offers of free dwellings 
have been made, but the question of heating, so important in 
winter, causes hesitation in taking advantage of them. A Canadian 
coal dealer has consented to supply coal at one dollar a ton below 
regular price an appreciable economy for families on the Fund. 
The aged and helpless mother of one of the reservists has been 
placed in a Home by this committee. Education matter also 
fall within this committee's province; it is endeavoring to secure 
free instruction for the children, placing them in various schools; 
the secretary has presented a special credit at Beauchemin's for 
free schoolbooks. The Montreal Catholic School Commission 
has promised to give free books in any case where request is made 
by the committee. President, Mme. Chouillou; secretary, M. 
Cowan; members, M. Heilbronner and Dr. Villard. 



I 






200 THE CALL TO ARMS 



(7) Reception Committee: This committee, which sits at the 

hours of payment of allowances at the office of the Union Nationale, 
interviews the women, listens to grievances, and takes notes of 
urgent cases. It was at its busiest in the early days, when it had 
but tw^o members, and when the women, who were coming three 
times a week, had constantly some request to make or error to 
rectify. It now works more systematically and easily. President, 
Mme. Guignon ; Mmes. Montpetit, Rodier, de Sars le Comte, 
Wren, Mile, de Crevecoeur. 

(8) Employment Bureau: Sitting at the same time as the 
Reception Committee, this committee acts both as an information 
bureau and an employment bureau, for it provides addresses for 
those who are in search of a dwelling-place, and endeavors to 
secure employment for those in need of it. All offers of employ- 
ment are centralised in the hands of the secretary and compared 
with the applications, the parties being brought together by letters 
of recommendation and, where possible, by telephone. Some 
trouble arises from the fact that those who employ recommended 
persons do not always take the trouble to notify the bureau, w^hich, 
consequently, is not always aware whether its efforts are successful 
or not. The bureau has, however, to certain knowledge placed 
4 chambermaids, 4 housekeepers, 2 children's nurses, 11 general 
servants, 6 washerwomen, 1 woman sewing by the day, 2 office 
workers, 1 stenographer, 1 governess, and 1 girl and 1 boy for 
errands altogether 34. About forty letters have been sent. As 
regards house-renting, four families have been placed in free 
lodgings, and a score have been directed to dwellings for rent, 
but have not reported whether they took them or not. The pre- 
sident of this committee, by her silent activity and untiring efforts, 
lias made it a really useful branch of the work. President, Mme. 
Montpetit; Mmes. Hicquet and Chouillou, Mile. Gr6terin. 

(9) Commercial and Legal: This deals with business ques- 
tions, the friendly settlement of difficulties between tenants and 
landlords, the arranging of regular payments by debtors, the 
securing from creditors of extension of time sometimes of the 
temporary suspension of their claims. It intervenes in cases of 
overdue water rates and gas bills, etc. To the legal members are 
entrusted all questions needing a lawyer's assistance, which they 
give freely and in the shortest space of time. Half a score of dif- 



FRANCO-BELGIAN SUB-COMMITTEE 201 

ficult cases have been thus handled. Members: Commercial, 
MM. Obalski, de Bock, Hicquet and Pasquin; Legal, MM. 
E. Montpetit, Bisaillon, Cornez. 

Franco-Belgian Executive Committee: This is composed of 29 
delegates from all the various committees (it was, however, decided 
at the last meeting that the Workrooms, owing to their constantly 
increasing number, should not be further represented), and sits 
ordinarily on Monday, at 5 p.m. Hon. president, M. C. E. Bonin; 
president, M. A. Tarut; lady presidents, Mmes. C. E. Bonin and 
C. De Sola; vice-president, M. C. Chouillou; secretariate, Mile. 
G. Greterin, M. de Sars le Comte, M. de Crevecoeur; finance, 
MM. Franck and Genin and Dr. Villard; visiting ladies, Mile. 
Revol, Mme. Franck; dispensary, Mme. W. Hodgson and Dr. 
Brisset des Nos; workrooms, Mme. A. V. Roy, Mile. Brisset des 
Nos, Mme. de Sars le Comte ; employment bureau, Mme. Montpetit, 
Mme. Hicquet; reception, Mmes. Guignon and Wren; schools and 
refuges, Mme. Chouillou, M. Cowan, M. Heilbronner; Commercial 
and legal, MM. Obalski, de Boeck, Hicquet, Montpetit. 

Two members of this Executive Committee are members of the 
English Ladies' Committee the Lady Presidents, Mmes. Bonin 
and De Sola. Two members are members of the English Executive 
President Tarut and M. Franck. 

Reports to this committee show that 800 French and Belgian 
families have been registered on the relief list, and that 649 families 
have received effectual assistance. 



How Canada's Offer Was Made 



CORRESPONDENCE BY CABLE BETWEEN THE GOVERNOR 
GENERAL AND THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE 
COLONIES, FROM AUGUST 1 TO AUGUST 15, 1914. 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 1, 1914. 

In view of the impending danger of war involving the Empire my Advisers- 
are anxiously considering the most effective means of rendering every possible 
aid and they will welcome any suggestions and advice which Imperial Naval 
and Military authorities may deem it expedient to offer. They are confident 
that- a considerable force would be available for service abroad. A question 
has been mooted respecting the status of any Canadian force serving abroad as 
under section sixty-nine of Canadian Militia Act the active militia can only be 
placed on active service beyond Canada for the defence thereof. It has been 
suggested that regiments might enlist as Imperial troops for stated period, 
Canadian Government undertaking to make all necessary financial provision 
for their equipment, pay and maintenance. This proposal has not yet been 
maturely considered here and my advisers would be glad to have views of Imperial 
Government thereon. 

ARTHUR. 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 1, 1914. 

My Advisers while expressing their most earnest hope that peaceful solution 
of existing international difficulties may be achieved and their strong desire to 
co-operate in every possible way for that purpose wish me to convey to His 
Majesty's Government the firm assurance that if unhappily war should ensue 
the Canadian people will be united in a common resolve to put forth every effort 
to make every sacrifice necessary to ensure the integrity and maintain the honour 
of our Empire. 

ARTHUR. 

From the Secretary of Stale for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 2, 1914. 

With reference to your telegram 1st August, His Majesty's Government 
gratefully welcome the assurance of your Government that in the present crisis-- 
they may rely on wholehearted co-operation of the people of Canada. 

HARCOURT. 



HOW CANADA'S OFFER WAS MADE 203 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 3, 1914. 

With reference to your cypher telegram 2nd August, please inform your 
Ministers that their patriotic readiness to render every aid is deeply appreciated 
by His Majesty's Government, but they would prefer postponing detailed 
observations on the suggestion put forward, pending further developments. 
As soon as a situation appears to call for further measures I will telegraph you 
again. 

HARCOURT. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 4, 1914. 

Please communicate to your Ministers following message from His Majesty 
the King and publish: 

I desire to express to my people of the Overseas Dominions with what ap- 
preciation and pride I have received the messages from their respective Govern- 
ments during the last few days. These spontaneous assurances of their fullest 
support recalled to me the generous self-sacrificing help given by them in the past 
to the Mother Country. I shall be strengthened in the discharge of the great 
responsibilities which rest upon me by the confident belief that in this time of 
trial my Empire will stand united, calm, resolute, trusting in God. 

GEORGE R.I. 
HARCOURT. 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 4, 1914. 
Following for the King: 

" In the name of the Dominion of Canada I humbly thank Your Majesty for 
your gracious message of approval. Canada stands united from the Pacific to 
the Atlantic in her determination to uphold the honour and tradition of our Em- 
pire." 

ARTHUR. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 4, 1914. 

Though there seems to be no immediate necessity for any request on our 
part for an expeditionary force from Canada, I think, in view of their generous 
offer, your Ministers would be wise to take all legislative and other steps by 
which they would be enabled without delay to provide such a force in case it 
should be required later. 

HARCOURT. 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 5, 1914. 

My Government being desirous of putting beyond doubt status of Canadian 
volunteers, request that His Majesty may be pleased to issue an order bringing 
these volunteers under Sections 175 and 176 of the Army Act. 

ARTHUR. 



9 

204 THE CALL TO ARMS 

% 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 6, 1914. 

With reference to my telegram of August 4th, His Majesty's Government 
gratefully accept offer of your Ministers to send expeditionary force to this 
country, and would be glad if it could be despatched as soon as possible. Sug- 
gested composition follows. 

HARCOURT. 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 6, 1914. 

My Advisers request me to inform you that the people of Canada through 
their Government desire to offer one million bags of flour of ninety-eight pounds 
each as a gift to the people of the United Kingdom to be placed at the disposal 
of His Majesty's Government and to be used for such purposes as they may deem 
expedient. 

ARTHUR. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 7, 1914. 

On behalf of the people of the United Kingdom, His Majesty's Government 
accept with deep gratitude the splendid and welcome gift of flour from Canada 
which will be of the greatest use for the steadying of prices and relief of distress 
in this country. We can never forget the generosity and promptitude of this 
gift and the patriotism from which it springs. 

HARCOURT. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 7, 1914. 

My telegram of 6th August Army Council consider one division would be 
suitable composition of expeditionary force. 

HARCOURT. 

From Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 8, 1914. 

Canadian Government desire to know what action His Majesty's Govern- 
ment desire Canadian authorities to take regarding Army Reservists in Canada, 
of which there are several thousand in Canada, registered at Imperial Pension 
Office, Ottawa. Are they to be sent home at once? I understand officer paying 
Imperial Pensioners and Reservists here is in position to provide transport 
for these men and funds if necessary. 

ARTHUR. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 8, 1914. 

Referring to my telegram 6th August Army Council state that a certain 
proportion of army troops will be required in addition to force mentioned. You 
will be furnished later on with suggested numbers. 

HARCOURT. 



HOW CANADA'S OFFER WAS MADE 205 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 8, 1914. 

Canadian Government wish to place the two submarine boats now at 
Esquimalt at disposal of the Admiralty for general service. Please inform 
Admiralty. 

ARTHUR. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 9, 1914. 

Following from Admiralty in reply to your telegram of yesterday's date. 
Offer of submarine boats gratefully accepted by Admiralty. 

HARCOURT. 

From the Governor General to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

OTTAWA, August 9, 1914. 

No order having been received with reference to return of Army Reservists, 
would War Office allow them to enlist in Canadian Expeditionary Force which 
they are very anxious to do? 

ARTHUR. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 9, 1914. 

With reference to your telegram of August 7th His Majesty is graciously 
pleased to order that the troops offered by Canada shall be raised by Your 
Royal Highness for service as expeditionary forces. It is suggested that terms 
of attestation should be as follows: 

(a) For a term of one year unless war lasts longer than one year, in 
which case they will be retained until war over. If employed with hospitals, 
depots of mounted units, and as clerks, etcetera, they may be retained after 
termination of hostilities until services can be dispensed with but such 
retention shall in no case exceed six months. 

(b) To be attached to any arm of service should it be required of them. 
Men should be attested by magistrate. 

HARCOURT. 

From the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor General. 

LONDON, August 12, 1914. 
Your telegrams 8th August and 9th August. 

Army Council would be glad if all Army Reservists could be sent home by- 
first opportunity. 

If transport cannot be arranged at once they should return with Canadian 
Expeditionary Force. 

HARCOURT. 



Pay of Canadian Expeditionary 
Force 



Daily rates of pay approved for the Troops of Overseas Contingent, by 
Order-in-Council, dated 3rd September, 1914. 



DIVISIONAL HEADQUARTERS 



Commander, Major General 
General Staff Officer 1st Grade 


Pay 
. .. $20.00 
10 00 


Field 
Allowance 
$4.00 
3.00 


Asst. Adjutant and Quartermaster General 
General Staff Officer 2nd Grade 
Asst. Director of Medical Services 
Deputy Asst. Adjutant and Quartermaster General. . . 
Deputy Asst Adjutant General 


. .. 9.00 
. .. 8.00 
8.00 . 
. .. 7.00 
7.00 


3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 


Deputy Asst. Quartermaster General 
Chief Paymaster 
Deputy Asst. Director of Veterinary Services 
General Staff Officer 3rd Grade 
Deputy Asst. Director of Medical Services 
Deputy Asst. Director of Ordnance Services 
Asst. Provost Marshal 
Divisional Paymaster 
Asst. Divisional Paymasters 
A.D C to Commander 


. .. 7.00 
. .. 8.00 
8.00 
... 5.00 
. .. 5.00 
. .. 5.00 
. .. 5.00 
5.00 
... 3.00 
3.00 


3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 


Superintending Clerk 
Other Clerks 
Staff Sergeants and Sergeants 
Other Non-Commissioned Officers and Men 


2.00 
1.50 
. . . Pay of rank 
. . . Pay of rank 


1.00 
.50 
.50 
.25 



DIVISIONAL ARTILLERY HEADQUARTERS AND INFANTRY BRIGADE 
HEADQUARTERS 



Commander 

Brigade Major 

Staff Captains 

Intelligence Staff Officer 

Veterinary Officer 

Clerks...' 

Staff Sergeants and Sergeants 

Other Non-Commissioned Officers and Men . . 



. $9.00 
. 6.00 
. 4.00 
. 3.00 
. Pay of rank 
. 1.50 
. Pay of rank 
. Pay of rank 



$3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

.50 

.50 

.25 



PAY OF EXPEDITIONARY FORCE 



REGIMENTAL RATES ALL ARMS 

Colonel 

Lieut. -Colonel 

Majors 

Captains 

Lieutenants 

Adjutants, in, addition to pay of rank .'..'. 

Paymasters 

Quartermasters 

Warrant Officers 

Quartermaster Sergeants 

Orderly Room Clerks 

Pay Sergeants 

Squadron, Battery or Company Sergeant Major 

Squadron, Battery or Company Quartermaster Sergeant . 

Colour Sergeant or Staff Sergeant 

Sergeants 

Corporals 

Bombardiers or 2nd Corporals 

Trumpeters, Buglers and Drummers 

Privates, Gunners, Drivers, Sappers, Batmen, Cooks, etc. 



Pay 
$6.00 
5.00 
4.00 
3.00 
2.00 
.50 
3.00 
3.00 
2.00 
.80 
.50 
.50 
,60 
.50 
.60 



1 

1 

1 

I 

1 

1 

1.35 

1.10 

1.05 

1.00 

1.00 



207 

Field 

Allowance 
$1.50 



(.25 

LOO 

.75 

.60 

.75 
.75 
.30 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.15 
.10 
.10 
.10 
.10 



The Minister further recommends that in addition to the foregoing regi- 
mental rates, Officers in command of regiments of Cavalry or battalions of 
Infantry, Brigades of Artillery, or other bodies of troops numbering 500 men or 
over, including Divisional Engineers, shall receive Command Pay at the rate of 
$1.00 per day. This, however, shall not be paid to Divisional or Brigade Com- 
manders or other Officers in receipt of a special rate of Staff Pay. 

The Minister also recommends that in addition to pay of rank, Non-Com- 
missioned Officers and men enlisted and employed as Farriers, Shoeing Smiths, 
Smiths, Saddlers, Fitters, Wheelers, Motor Car Drivers, Cooks, Bakers, and 
Butchers shall if qualified and recommended by the Officer Commanding the 
Unit to which they belong, receive working pay at the following scale: 



If recommended by Officer Commanding as 1st Class. 
If recommended by Officer Commanding as 2nd Class 
If recommended by Officer Commanding as 3rd Class. 



Per Day 
$1.00 
.75 
.50 



The number drawing Working Pay must not, however, exceed the number 
shown on the Establishment for these services. 

Armament Artificers and Armourers, etc., of the Permanent Force, if in 
receipt of a special rate of pay as such, will not be eligible for this special rate of 
Working Pay. 

Officers, Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Men of the 
Permanent Staff or Permanent Force shall not receive a lower rate of pay than 
they are entitled to in that Force. 



Pension and Disablement 
Allowances 

PENSIONS 

The wife of a man who dies while on service, whether from wounds or as the 
result of sickness contracted when on duty, is entitled to receive from the govern- 
ment, under existing regulations, a sum amounting to three-tenths of her hus- 
band's pay, which in the case of a private soldier would amount to 30 cents per 
day. If there be one child the sum would be 40 cents, and if two children 50 cents, 
this being the maximum amount granted. 

Where a Relief Committee of the Patriotic Fund learns of a case of this 
character, application should be made to the Minister of Militia for a pension. 
If the soldier dies abroad, the Officer Commanding the contingent will be asked 
to report and on his recommendation the MiJitia Department will act. If the 
soldier dies at home, the D.O.C. of the district will summon a Board and their 
report on the case will be sent to the Militia Department. 

It is not improbable that Parliament will at the next session revise the act 
governing pensions and increase the amount which may be paid to a soldier's 
widow and family. As the present allowance is inadequate, the local relief 
Committee may keep the family income up to the authorized scale of living until 
further notice. 

The following regulations at present govern the award of pensions: 

If the provision awarded to a widow or orphan is in the form of a pension, 
the undermentioned rates per annum must not be exceeded in settling the amount 
of the pension, viz. : 

To a widow a sum equal to three-tenths of what her late husband's daily 
pay would amount to for the period of twelve months. 

To an orphan a sum equal to one-tenth of what his or her late father's daily 
pay would amount to for the period of twelve months, but the total amount of 
pension to widow or her children shall not exceed five-tenths of such pay. 

No claim for compensation or provision shall be entertained unless the 
application therefor has been made within five years after the occurrence of the 
death, wound, injury, disease or illness in question. 

A widow's pension shall be discontinued should she, in the opinion of the 
Minister of Militia and Defence, subsequently prove unworthy of it, or attain to 
wealthy circumstances. 

The pension of a widow who re-marries shall be suspended from the time 
of her re-marriage, but in the event of her again becoming a widow her pension 
may be restored, upon proof that she is not in wealthy circumstances, and that 
she is otherwise deserving. 

Neither a gratuity nor a pension shall be paid to an orphan son who is over 
the age of sixteen years, nor to an orphan daughter who is over the age of eighteen 
years, except in very special cases in which it is shown that the orphan is afflicted 
with an infirmity which prevents him or her from earning a livelihood, and that 



PENSION ALLOWANCES 



209 



No pension shall be paid to an orphan 



he or she is in distressed circumstances, 
who is married. 

Individual cases for which the regulations do not provide, may be specially 
considered by the Governor in Council. 

Pensions will be paid quarterly in advance. The broken period following 
the granting of a pension will be paid for at the time fixed for the first regular 
payment. 

PENSIONS FOR WOUNDS, ETC., ON ACTIVE SERVICE 

The following rates of pension and remuneration will be granted militiamen 
wounded or disabled on active service. 



SCALE OF PENSION 



Rank at Time of Wounds, First 

Illness, etc. 

Colonel 

Lieut. -Colonel 

Major 

Captain 

Lieutenant 

Warrant Officers 

Staff-Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Corporal 

Private . . 



First 


Second 


Third 


Fourth 


Degree 


Degree 


Degree 


Degree 


..$1,500.00 


$1,100.00 


$750.00 


$550.00 


. . 1,200.00 


900.00 


600.00 


450.00 


.. 800.00 


600.00 


400.00 


300.00 


. . 600.00 


450.00 


300.00 


225.00 


.. 400.00 


300.00 


200.00 


150.00 


. . 300.00 


225.00 


150.00 


112.00 


. 240.00 


180.00 


120.00 


90.00 


. . 200.00 


150.00 


100.00 


75.00 


. 170.00 


130.00 


85.00 


65.00 


150.00 


110.00 


75.00 


55.00 



(a) The first degree shall be applicable to those only who are rendered 
totally incapable of earning a livelihood as a result of wounds received in action. 

(b) The second degree shall be applicable to those who are rendered totally 
incapable of earning a livelihood as a result of injuries received or illness con- 
tracted on active service, or rendered materially incapable as a result of wounds 
received in action. 

(c) The third degree shall be applicable to those who are rendered ma- 
terially incapable of earning a livelihood as a result of injuries received or illness 
contracted on active service or rendered in a small degree incapable of earning 
a livelihood as a result of wounds received in action. 

(d) The fourth degree shall be applicable to those who are rendered in a 
small degree incapable of earning a livelihood as a result of injuries received or 
illness contracted on active service. 




We desire Peace, a World's pea'ee, a peace that will last 
for all time to cone. To secure peace, we are engaged in a War, 
the magnitude of which,- will, when the final results are. Jmown, be 
more awful to contemplate than the aggregate of all the Wars recorded 
in the History of the Uo^-ld. 

It is not poesjble for all of us to go 'to the Sront, *mt 
it is possible for each of us to assist in giving honor to those who 
have gone and. who are going. It is possible for each of us to eiS 
in the care of the wives and families .of those who enlist, in fact, 
it is our duty to our fellow citizens, to our Country and to the - 
Empire, to do what we can, to give what we can, to the best of our 
ability, both promptly and cheerfully, bearing in mind that no matter 
how much we may do or what we may give, our sacrifice in time or 
money in our effort to help, thoiigh necessary and required, is as 
nothing- compared to the magnificent donation so penerously offered 
by the man who enlists. 




Union Assurance Society Limited 

OF LONDON, ENOLAND 

(FIRE INSURANCE SINCE A. D. I71A) 

Montreal, 




The Crown Trust Company 

145 St. James Street, Montreal 
Capital Fully Paid $500,000 

A Trust Company for the Public's Service, Able and 
Willing to Act in any Approved Trust Capacity 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

WM. I. GEAR, President 

Vice-President. The Robert Reford Company. Limited; Director, Bank of Toronto; 
Director. Keewatin Flour Mills Company. 

COLONEL JOHN W. CARSON, Vice-President and Managing Director 
President. Crown-Reserve Mining Company, Limited; Director. Union Bank of Canada; 
Director. Lake of the Woods Milling Co.. Limited. 

S. H. EWING, Vice-President 

President. The Montreal Cottons, Limited; Vice-President. The Molsons Bank; Vice- 
President, Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada. 

TANCREDE BIENVENU 

General Manager. The Provincial Bank of Canada; Director. The Travellers Life Awurance 
Co. of Canada; Director. Lake of the Woods Milling Co.. Limited. 

A. G. GARDNER 
Of J. M. Douglas & Company. 

H. B. HENWOOD 
Montreal Manager, The Bank of Toronto 

THOMAS F. HOW 
General Manager, The Bank of Toronto 

ALEX. MACLAURIN 

President, Campbell MacLaurin Lumber Co., Limited; President. Charlemagne & Lac 
Ouareau Lumber Co.. Limited; Director, The Union Bag and Paper Company. 
Director, Yorkshire Insurance Company, Limited 

JOHN McKERGW 

President. Montreal Lumber Company, Limited; Director. Sun Life Assurance Company 
of Canada; Mayor, City of Westmount. 

LT.-COL. F. S. MEIGHEN 

President, Lake of the Woods Milling Co., Limited; President. The New Brunswick Rail- 
way Company; Director, The Bank of Toronto; Director, Phoenix Insurance Company 
of London, Eng. 

R. W. REFORD 

President. The Robert Reford Company, Limited;- Director. The New Brunswick Railway 
Company. 

LT.-COL. JAMES G. ROSS 

President. The Ross Realty Company. Limited; President. The J. C. McLaren Belting 
Company, Limited. 

B. B. STEVENSON 
General Manager, The Quebec Bank . 

F. N. SOUTHAM 
Vice-President, Southam Press Limited 

JAMES THOM 
Manager for Canada. White Star-Dominion Line 

COLONEL E. W. WILSON 

Montreal Manager, The Canada Life Assurance Company; Director, National Brick 
Company of Laprairie. Limited; Director, Montreal Abattoirs, Limited 

IRVING P. REXFORD - - - MANAGER 



December 3rd 1914' 



TO CANADIANS 



BUSINESS A3 USUAL. 



Those not engaged i- n actual warfare will find 
In these three words "Business as Usual" food for thought, 
and ths man who first applied them to the present circum- 
stances has rendered a service not to be overestimated. 
for it clearly Indicates that, though the nation is 
n^aged in the greatest struggle of armed might the world 
has over known, we are expected to keep the commercial 
machine in motion. Since this i8 our duty, perseverance 
and courage are required more than ever If we want to 
succeed and do our part well. In doing this, we, in a 
figurative sense, are helping to mould the silver bullets, 
which, in the end, win be a deciding factor in the present 
war. Truly then, this is no time for despair, but rather 
should we, with renewed effort, push forward and be ready 
to give the best that is in us. In this way we shall be 
doing our duty and at the sane time making more effective 
the words "Business as Usual". 

Yours truly, 

NATIONAL TRUST COMPA1IY. LIMITED. 



Manager. 



TRANSPORTATION BUILDING 
ST JAMES &ST FRANCOIS XAVI E R STREETS 



JL BOY. 24th. 1914. 



TO THE PEOPLE OF CAEADA: 

In Canada's position as a unit in the British 
Empire lios the chief source of the. recent great develop- 
ment and prosperity of our country. 

To the sponsorship of Great Britain and the 

consequent British character of our traditions and ideals 
can te traced the strength and stability of our institu- 
tions, the efficiency of our form of government and the 
freedom and happiness enjoyed by our citizens. 

This is what our British connection has lent us 
and it i-s this debt, based on the security of our loyalty, 
that v;e now feel called upon spontaneously to pay* 

By virtue of both our British and French 
ancestry and the ties of sentiment, Canada ~ould do its 
part irrespective of the above obligation, but. consider- 
ing that, our duty has become a-matter of simple self 

respect. 

Yours very truly, 




PRESIDEET. 





Dec. 2nd. 1914. 



TO CANADIANS : 

In times of stress, such as 

the present, it is the duty of every Canadian 
not only to be loyal, but to do what they can 
for their country and Empire. 

Yours truly, 





INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED 



OF LONDON, ENG 

CANADIAN BRANCH 
57 BEAVER HALL MONTREAL 





r^^=Xt>u^J> 







r o 



QUEBEC 



FURRIERS 

MONTREAL TORONTO 



WINNIPEG 



TO THE PEOPLE OF CAHADA: 

In this solemn moment every Canadian 
owes a duty to his Home and Country. This duty 
MUST be performed if Home and Country are to endure. 

We oannot all go to the front. Equally 
heroic with service in the trenohes is a generous 
oo-operation in the work to be done here at Home. 

Many doors are open for the endeavor 
of every true Canadian. 

Bender your service, however humble it 
may seem. Tour Country needs It as never before. 

Yours truly, 
HOLT. RENFREW & CO. Limited. 




PRESIDSHT. 



Southam Press Limited 

Publishers 6u Primtera 




.Toronto 



September 10th 1914, 



J. H. Horke Esq., 
City. 



Bear Sir:- 

In reply to your enquiry with regard 
to the publication of a "book to "be known as 
TH2) CALL TO ARMS recording the Montreal 
enlistments, we are prepared to publish this 
boo*k at cost under the direction of any 
responsible committee of citizens of Montreal 
who might care to take it up. We are doing 
this, however, on the distinct understanding 
that we publish this in the interest of the 
Patriotic Fund at cost price to us. 

A satisfactory audit will be obtained 
at the finish of the publication and such 
audit turned over to the committee appointed. 

Yours very truly, 

SOUTHAM PRESS LIMITED 




Manager Montreal Branch, 
WWS/#1. 



Tlie >tttioiiul Brewcrie &. Limited 



IE DAWES BREWERY.MONTREAL 

EKERS BREWERY. 

MONTREAL BREWERV, 



OPERATING 

THE Dow BREWERY.MONTREAL THE DAWES BREWERY, LACHINE 

UNION BREWER Y, BOSWELL BREWERY. QUE BE c 

CANADIAN BREWERY Fox HEAD BREWERY. 



Although a great many of us are 
presently debarred, for various reasons, from 
shouldering a rifle and going to the front, 
yet we must not forget that those who remain 
behind have their duty to perform, and that 
that duty Is to help In every way In their 
power to engender a feeling of confidence at 
home, This can best be accomplished by 

cultivating an unbounded faith and optimism 
in everything Canadian, and maKing our faith 
a tangible one by encouraging and using^ 
Canadian products. 

Canada the country of matchless 
opporuinltles and boundless resources. 

THE RATIONAL BRE'S .LIMITED r 




On the Honor Roll 

OLD CHUM 

PIPE TOBACCO 

"OLD|CHUM" has fairly won its place on the Honor Roll of 
Smoking Tobaccos by its fixed adherence to Quality. 



OLD CHUM 



VlRGINj/1 FI/1KE GUT 



<3) TOBACCO 



REGISTERED^myi TRADEMARK 

MANUFACTURED B/^~ 



IMPERIAL TOBACCO'COMPANYOF CANADA. L 




Fathers and 
Grandfathers 
will tell you 
that "OLD 
CHUM" 15 the 
same to-day as 
when they 
started smoking 
it, nearly half 
a century ago. 

"OLD CHUM" 

is the chum of 
more pipe 
Smokers than 
any other 
tobacco smoked 
in Canada. 



Every Dealer Sells it. 

Every^ Smoker Smokes lit 



HANSON BROS 

BOND DEALERS 



164 ST. JAMES STREET 



MONTREAL, P.Q. 



GOVERNMENT AND MUNICIPAL 
DEBENTURES TO YIELD FROM 



- 6 



CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED 



1 






f 


Canada's Message to the 


Kaiser is 




carried to him through the mouths 






of the Ross Rifles with 


which the 






Canadian Contingents are armed. 




J 


ROSS RIFLE COMPANY, 


QUEBEC 









For Canada 

For the Mother Country 

For the British Empire 

For the Maintenance of 
Honor 

For the Sacredness of a 
Pledge 

For the Protection of the 
Weak 

For the Defence of the 
Innocent 

For the Preservation of 
the Human Heart 



WHAT KIND OF 
MEN WOULD 
WE BE if we did 
not offer what we 
are and have? 



Gunn, Langlois & 

Company, Limited 

Montreal 



CANADA FIRST 

Ranking high amongst the big Cana- 
dian Industries, is THE SHERWIN- 
WILLIAMS CO. of Canada, Limited 
largest manufacturers of paints and 
varnishes in the British Empire. 

QUALITY 

is the measure that is responsible 
for the growth of this large business 
in the short space of nineteen years. 

When you have use for a paint or 
varnish product use a product " Made 
in Canada." Sherwin-Williams Paints, 
Varnishes, Stains, Colors, Enamels, 
etc., give results that make per- 
manent friends for our trade mark 
This is why our business grows. 

THE SHER WIN- WILLIAMS Co. 

of Canada. Limited 



L.ON DON E NG 



The 
James Shearer 

Company, Limited 
Montreal 

225 St. Patrick Street 



General Contractors 

Dealers in 

Timber, Lumber, 

Shingles, 

Etc. 



R.UAMIESON&CO. 

LIMITED 
Manufacturers of 

Fine Varnishes 
Paints & Colors 

Established 1858 

MONTREAL VANCOUVER 



TNTIL peace is restored 
^ there is much useful 
work for all of us. Look 
about and you will see your 
opportunity. Maintain Bu- 
siness, Encourage Enlisting 
and Help the Poor. 



W. Graham 

Browne 

& Co. 



INVESTMENT 
BR K ERS 

Main 538 and 539 



222 St. James Street 
MONTREAL 



The Notman 

STUDIOS 

WILLIAM NOTMAN AND SON 

M I LE then frownbefore 
your mirror. Somewhere 
between those two ex- 
tremes, is your normal, natural 
expression. To be truly like 
you, a portrait must catch that 
fleeting, but constantly re- 
curring, normal expression 
the expression by which your 
friends know you best. 

Such portraits have been 
made for fifty years in the 

NOTMAN STUDIOS 
79 UNION AVENUE 



Ernest Cousins 

31 Montee du Zouave, MONTREAL 

Milk and Cream 

Wholesale and Retail 



\ ET those who remain 
at home fight the 
industrial battles as 
faithfully and as cheer- 
fully as our men are 
fighting the battles in 
Europe Thus shall we 
render a very great help. 




Goodwins Montreal 



LIMITED 




|VER 40 different merchandise depart- 
ments sub-divided into about 400 
separate merchandise sections, sup- 
plemented by 36 different kinds of 
service departments, each and every department 
and section in charge of an expert and numerous 
assistants, all bound together by the one ideal 
"Service First" THAT'S GOODWINS 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 



J. W. McConnell, 

President 



James Wood, 

V ice-President 



Lome C. Webster, 

Vice-President 



W. H. Goodwin, 

Managing Director 






Nov. 7th. 
TO ALL LOYAL CANADIANS :- 

... The policy of thia business is the one 

7 ?? * 6 b f li f ve should be the policy of every business house 
in Canada, to-day; namely, that of keeping Our employees, paying 
full wages to the families of the men who have gone, or are 
willing to go to the front, and, whenever possible, using products 
made, or grown in Canada. 

Believing, as we do, that this war will 

terminate successfully for the Allies, the Canadian people should 
nave nothing to fear, if they are only true to the Empire and 
themselves. 

MOLSON'S BOTBKY LIMITED, 



President, 




December 22nd. 1914- 



Canadians: 

In the time of our Nation's peril it is the duty of 

each and avery one of us to ask himself the question - "How 
oan I be of most service?" There is a place for every man and 
work for him to do. The Mother Country needs our help in this 
the greatest struggle the world has ever seen. Let every 

Canadian do his duty. 

Yours very truly, 

E. "0. M Cape & Company, Limited. 



PRACTICAL 
PATRIOTISM 



Thirty members of the agency and clerical staffs of the Sun Life of Canada 
have volunteered for active service in defence of the Empire. The Company 
gladly gives its volunteers liberal guarantees as to salary during period of 
service and holds the position of each open until his return. 

In its corporate capacity the Sun Life of Canada contributed generously to the 
National Patriotic Fund, a contribution supplemented by a liberal donation from 
the members of the Head Office Staff. 

The " Sunbeam Club/' organized among the ladies of the Head Office Staff, 
are busily sewing and knitting for the Canadian boys at the front. 

Ranking, as it does, among the most powerful of Canadian financial institutions, 
it is fitting that the Sun Life of Canada should thus bear its full share of the 
burdens of Empire. 



CANADA 

HEAD OFF ICE- MONTREAL 



Prism Binoculars 
Field Glasses 
Compasses 
Service Protractors 
Field Instruments 
Mathematical Instruments 
Drafting Supplies 



HUGHES-OWENS CO. 

LIMITED 

MONTREAL 

TORONTO OTTAWA WINNIPEG 
VANCOUVER 



Send 



The Call to Arms 

to your Soldier Friend abroad 
his name is in it. He will 
be glad to see what is being 
done at home. 



J. H. RORKE 

Southam Building, Bleury Street 

MONTREAL 



GILLETTE SAFETY RAZOR CO. 

OF CANADA LIMITED 



73 St. Alexander Street, 

MONTREAL, P.Q. 

December 21st. 1914. 



This war has served to bring to the surface 
that deep-rooted quality that has made the British 
great - the bulldog courage that grows with strife 
and danger. , 

It flashed out in those first desperate 
battles round Mons and Charleroi - in the charge 
of the "London Scottish" - on the blood-soaked 
banks of the Yser. 

The same spirit shines through England's 
motto, "Business as Usual" and through our slogans 
"Made in Canada" and "What we have we'll hold - what 
we haven't we'll make". It's the spirit of the man 
who grimly buckles down to business, resolved to do 
the work of the absent "man in khaki" as well as his 
own, and to bear his full share toward supporting 
the man at the front and his dependent ones at home. 

War's stimulus to the sterner qualities 
of the race has already roused Canada's determina- 
tion to lean less on others - to develop her own 
strength - to supply her own wants in manufactures 
as well as food. 

Toward this end the Gillette Safety Razor 
Co. of Canada is working vigorously and persistent- 
ly, we are doing our part by supplying Canadians, 
on active service and at home, with a"Bulldog" Razor 
that is worthy of the hall-mark "Made in Canada". 



GILLETTE SAFETY RAZOR COMPANY 
of Canada, Limited. 




Managing Director, 



Keep the Flag Flying! 



"PHIS fine old Britisher has sent over 

* a hundred of its staff to fight for 

= = King and Country and is still = = 

"DOING BUSINESS AS USUAL" 



LONDON & 
i LANCASHIRE 1 

FIRE 

INSURANCE COMPANY 



LIMITED 



Quebec and Maritime Provinces Branch 

164 St. James Street, - Montreal 
COLIN E. SWORD, Manager 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

AMBULANCE, FIELD 65 

ARMY SERVICE CORPS 57 

ARTILLERY, MONTREAL HEAVY BRIGADE 48 

CARABINIERS (MONT ROYAL) 65TH 40 

CAVALRY REGIMENTS 54 

DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE 180 

ElGHTY-FlFTH REGIMENT 44 

EIGHTY-FIFTH REGIMENT (SECOND CONTINGENT) 89 

ENGINEERS, CANADIAN 101 

FRANCO-BELGIAN SUB-COMMITTEE 194 

GRENADIER GUARDS OF CANADA 10 

GRENADIER GUARDS OF CANADA (SECOND CONTINGENT) 79 

GUIDES, CORPS OF 63 

HEADQUARTERS STAFF 9 

HIGHLANDERS, ROYAL, OF CANADA 26 

HIGHLANDERS, ROYAL, OF CANADA (SECOND CONTINGENT).. . . 85 

HOME GUARD, MONTREAL 104 

How CANADA'S OFFER WAS MADE 202 

IRISH CANADIAN RANGERS 103 

LE REGIMENT ROYAL CANADIEN 91 

McGiLL TRAINING CORPS 105 

PATRIOTIC FUND Ill 

PAY OF CANADIAN FORCE 206 

PRINCESS PATRICIA'S LIGHT INFANTRY 69 

RED CROSS, CANADIAN 171 

RELIEF COMMITTEE, MONTREAL 145 

SOLDIERS' WIVES LEAGUE 187 

VETERINARY CORPS, CANADIAN ARMY 67 

VICTORIA RIFLES OF CANADA 18 

VICTORIA RIFLES OF CANADA, 24ra BATTALION 78 

VICTORIA RIFLES OF CANADA (SECOND CONTINGENT) 81 

WESTMOUNT RIFLES 73 

WESTMOUNT RIFLES (23RD BATTALION) 77 

Y.M.C.A. IN WARTIME. 189 



ESTABLISHED BY DEED OF SETTLEMENT 1821. 



To the People of Canada - 

At this time when the whole world seems 
out of gear and our own Empire is passing through 
a time of storm and stress there never was a greater 
opportunity to "bring out the best that is in us. 

"Help us to play the man. 1 " should ever 
be our prayer. 

Guardian Assurance Co. limited, 



oUitllivJu \s\J JJXUIJU u ou % . 

>y/y^ Manage r 



The Editorial Committee of " The Call to Arms " desire to express 
their gratitude for the assistance of all who have contributed 
towards the compilation and publication of this volume. This 
includes some hundreds of individuals and many companies, 
societies, military bodies, etc. The great majority of these must 
perforce be nameless, but special thanks are here tendered to 
the numerous business houses and firms which have supported 
the work by subscribing for space in this volume, to the 
authors of the various contributed articles, and to the following: 

The Montreal Star Publishing Company, Ltd., for many photo- 
graphs. 

Chesterfield & McLaren, for photographs of military scenes. 
The Canadian Pacific Railway, for photographs and engravings. 
The Adjutants of the various city regiments. 



I 






D 
609 

C2C3 



The call to arms 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY