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Full text of "The Calvert papers"

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THE CALVERT PAPERS. 



NUMBER ONE. 



3fun&-1Pub(tcatvo«, ^o. 38. 



THE CALVERT PAPERS 



NUMBER ONE 




With an account of their recovery, and presentation to the Society, 



Deceniljer lotti, 1888. 



Together with a Calendar of the Papers recovered, 
and Selections from the Papers. 



JaHiiiiora, 1889. 



rEA]]ODY rUBLICATIOX FUXD. 



Committee on Publicatiox. 

1888-89. 

HENRY STOCKBRIDGE, 
JOHN W. M. LEE, 
BRADLEY T. JOHNSON. 



Printed b v John M i k p u v X Co. 

I'H INTERS TO THE MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Baltimore, I S S !( . 



^-,cr\ 



CONTENTS 



PAGE. 

Address of Mr. Albert Ritchje, - - - - t - 9 

Remarks of Mr. John H. B. Latrobe, 22 

Report of Mr. Mendes Cohen, 22 

Remarks of Dr. William Hand Browne, . . - - 32 

Exemplification of the Arms of Sir George Calvert, - - 38 

The Patent of Nobility of George, Lord Baltimore, - 41 

The Will of Sir George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, - - 48 

The Inventory of the Estate of the same, - - - - 50 

Tender by Cecilivs, Lord Baltimore, of the first year's 

Rent, 54 

Receipt for the first year's rent, 54 

A Calendar of the Calvert Papers, by Mr. John W. .^L Lee, 57 

The Calvert Papers. First Selection, 127 



PREFACE. 

At a meeting of the Maryland Historical Society, at their 
rooms, on December 10, 1888, the Calvert Papers were for- 
mally presented to the Society. 

An account of the search for, discovery, and acquisition 
of these papers is given in the following addresses, made by 
Mv. Albert Ritchie on behalf of the donors, and by the 
President on behalf of the Society, together with the Report 
of the Committee on the Calvert Papers, made by Mr. Mendes 
Cohen ; and some remarks on their character, accompanied by 
the reading of Extracts, were made by Dr. William Hand 
Bro\yne ; and to these have been added a Calendar of the 
Papers prepared by Mr. John W. M. Lee. 



THE CALVERT PAPERS. 



Address of Mr. Albert Ritchie. 

M7\ President, — 

0]^ behalf of those who have recently secured 
possession of a valuable collection of histor- 
ical papers from an immediate descendant of 
the Calverts, I am here to-night to perform a most 
agreeable service. 

The papers referred to lie on the table before you, 
and I am instructed to present them to the Society 
of which you are the beloved and honored Pres- 
ident. 

During the supremacy of the Lords Proprietary, 
they resided, as you know, at their homes abroad, 
and were represented here by their Governors. 
They, however, to a large extent, themselves exer- 
cised the ample powers which they possessed, and 
maintained an active participation in the govern- 
ment of the province. 

2 9 



lu 

Frequent and full reports of the condition of 
affairs were from time to time transmitted to them, 
as were also many important official papers requir- 
ing their consideration and action. 

Thus, much of our history got upon the other 
side of the water ; some in the original, some in 
duplicate ; the original forming its own part of the 
record, and that in duplicate serving in some degree 
to supply the place of original material lost on this 
side. 

This collection was received from the possession 
of Col. Frederick Henry Harford, of Down Place, 
near Windsor, the great-grandson of Frederick, the 
last Lord Baltimore, and embraces all that is posi- 
tively known still to exist of those papers that were 
sent over to the Lords Proprietary in the manner 
stated. 

You will remember that in his Calendar Index of 
1861, Dr. John Henry Alexander states that in the 
year 1839 he saw, in the British Museum, two large 
chests, marked "Calvert Papers," but that, on 
inquiry made by him many years afterward, all 
trace of them had disappeared. 

The acquisition of the papers in those two chests 
has been an object of which the members of this 
Society have never since lost sight. Whether these 
are they or not, it is impossible yet to say. They 
may, or may not be. But much as we desire to 
possess those papers, it is rather to be liojied that 



11 



the records we now have secured are not the ones 
referred to by Dr. Alexander, because, if it be de- 
termined that they are not, we will then be stimu- 
lated by the knowledge that there are other histori- 
cal treasures in the same line of search still to be 
looked for and found. 

The character of these papers will be told to you 
more in detail during the evening, but I may say 
in a word that it is believed that they will prove to 
be a historical treasure trove such as it has not been 
the good fortune of any other of the States to tind, 
and that they will add much value to the collec- 
tions already possessed by this Society. They will 
enable us to replace some of the lost leaves of the 
history of our State, to revise others, and to illumi- 
nate many more. 

Without anticipating what will be better told you 
by another, I may, in passing, give a suggestion of 
the contents of these papers by referring to one or 
two of them. 

You know, sir, that the princely grant of lands and 
waters which comprised the province of Maryland, 
was given on the condition prescribed in the Charter, 
that the Lord Proprietary should in every year on 
Tuesday in Easter week yield and pay therefor the 
rental of "two Indian arrows of those parts." We 
are able to assure you to-night that at least the first 
year's rent was duly paid, for lying before you is 
the receipt of " W. Thomas, keeper of his ^lajesty's 



12 



Wardrobe," for two Indian Arrows " tendered and 
left at and within the Castle of Windsor," for "one 
year's rent due to the King's Majesty" for "a ter- 
ritory or continent of land called Maryland," and 
dated on "Tuesday, the xxiiird day of April, 1633." 

For how many years the prompt payment of this 
rent continued we may not know, but we may pre- 
sume that it was well kept up, because, fi'om the 
failure of the native population to appreciate the 
principle of public law, that the discovery of the 
fact of their existence, gave the discoverer a claim 
to all their possessions, it was many years before 
Indian arrows became scarce in Maryland. Ulti- 
mately, however, about the 4th of July, 1776, we 
know that this rent was docked. All that we 
pay now is the annual levy of $2.07 on every one 
hundred dollars worth of our property. 

Another paper of this collection, while not so 
unique, is of more historical value. It is a copy in 
his own handwriting of the instructions given by 
Cecilius Calvert to the immigrants before the Ark 
and the Dove left the Isle of Wight. 

These Calvert papers, after much search and 
eifort, which will be more fully detailed by Mr. 
Mendes Cohen, were finally secured by a few of the 
members of this society, aided by some prominent 
citizens, and also, it is a great pleasure to add, with 
the gracious co-operation of several ladies who are 
with us to-nii>ht. 



13 



There is no need now to make special mention of 
the names of those for whom I speak, but I feel 
that I ought at least to say that, more than to any- 
thing else, we are indebted for the possession of 
these papers to the intelligent and persistent efforts 
of Mr. Cohen. He will not, in his account of them, 
say this for himself, and I therefore say it, because 
it ought to be said by some one. 

The circumstances warrant the mention of one 
other name in this connection. Always an inter- 
ested member of this Society and in sympathy with 
its work, one of the last acts of his life was a gen- 
erous contribution to the fund for the purchase of 
these papers by Mr. T. Harrison Garrett. 

The acquisition of these Calvert papers and the 
interest manifested in them to-night, are an assur- 
ance that our State has reached the age of historic 
research. This, of course, is a development of a 
somewhat advanced period, for the forces of moral 
evolution will not produce the historic sentiment 
until there is a. history to be written. The condi- 
tions are — a story to be told, and also the appropriate 
time for telling it. Unlike the observation of mate- 
rial objects the atmosphere is cleared by distance, 
and the truth of history is better discerned as we 
get above and beyond the motives, the partialities 
and mists which obscure a closer view. These con- 
ditions, like experience and good wine, come oidy 
by age. There is no improved method of hastening 



14 

them, and we must wait until the State has a past. 
The process may be going on, but we can simply 
stand by while seed time is ripening into harvest. 
But when the times have ripened for the pen of the 
historian, and existing conditions have created the 
want, the same forces which created the conditions 
will supply the want. 

Almost exactly two hundred years from the date 
of the charter had passed before the full period for 
writing the history of Maryland came, and then the 
great pen of McMahon was applied to the task. 
Bozman's Introduction to a History of Maryland 
had appeared in 1811, and G-riffith's Sketches of the 
Early History of Maryland in 1821, but the publi- 
cation of McMahon 's lirst volume in 1831 may be 
taken, I think, as the well marked beginning of the 
period of historic research in Maryland. While 
that work was the evidence of a growth, it at the 
same time stimulated the growth. The presentation 
to the State of the manuscript of Bozman's history 
and its publication followed in 1834; then came 
the Act of 1835 for the rescue, arrangement and 
preservation of the State papers and documents. 
The Maryland Historical Society was incorporated 
in 1844 ; another Act looking to the preservation of 
the records was passed in 1847 ; in 1849 McSherry's 
History appeared, and in 1855 the " Day Star " by 
Mr. Davis. In 1858 an Act was passed for the 
procurement of copies of important papers from 



15 



foreign repositories, and the report and calendar of 
Dr. Alexander followed in 1860. In 1867 import- 
ant historical features were added to the Land 
Office ; in the same year Terra Mariae, by Mr. 
Edward D. Neill, was published ; Scharf's History 
appeared in 1879, and the History of a Palatinate, 
by Dr. Wm. Hand Browne, in 1884. Many other 
incidents, as well as numerous monographs, which 
cannot now be referred to, have marked the period 
mentioned. 

The time had indeed come, but when the thought 
of the State turned to the history of the State, the 
inquiry was, what are the records? and (more diffi- 
cult to answer), where are they? The archives 
have a history as well as the State, but though the 
acquisition of these papers is part of it, the full stor}^ 
cannot be told to-night. 

Maryland has probably always possessed a more 
complete collection of State papers than any other 
of the orio-inal States, and the State has always 
manifested as great an interest in their preservation 
as perhaps could well be expected. But we seldom 
find the instinct of the historian united with official 
position, and there never has been by the State 
a sufficiently w^ell directed effort for the collection 
and preservation of its archives. 

They have passed through the perils of new gov- 
ernment, of war and insurrection ; of removal, waste 
and neglect; of mould, fire and private spoliation. 
Very much, however, has survived ; much that had 



16 

nearly gone has been rescued, and means have been 
found to supply from other sources much that has 
been lost. 

A valuable work was performed by Mr. David 
Ridgely, State Librarian, under the Act of 1835, in 
collecting and arranging State papers and docu- 
ments, but the Act unfortunately provided that 
after collection and repair they should be returned 
to the various public offices, from their exposure in 
which the effort had been to rescue them ; and 
when looked for, in later years, many that Mr. 
Ridgely had noted could no longer be found. 

Immediately upon the formation of this Society 
it directed its attention to the collection and safety 
of the State papers, and in 1847 procured the 
passage of a resolution by the General Assembly 
to this end. This resolution authorized the Gov- 
ernor to transfer to this Society all original papers, 
documents and records relating to the history of 
Maryland prior to the close of the Revolutionary 
war, which it was not necessary should be kept at 
the seat of Government. The first part of this res- 
olution was full of promise and looked like a liberal 
transfer, but there was a string tied to the papers 
in the shape of a retractive proviso. Under the 
operation of the proA'iso there was very little left to 
be transferred except such documents as were in 
duplicate, or in such a condition of "apparent or 
manifest decay" as that thev miii'ht be " advan- 



17 



tageouslv deposited with the said Historical Soci- 
ety." The Society thankfully received the records 
that were in a state of " manifest decay" and, as far 
as it was possible to do so, reverently restored them 
to a state of convalescence. 

By the Act of 1858, the Governor was authorized 
to appoint some person to procure copies of all 
papers and documents af value relating to the pro- 
vincial history, which were to be found in the Colo- 
nial Office in London, in the library of Zion College, 
and in the archives of the Propaganda at Rome. 
Dr. Alexander, who was appointed under this Act, 
very properly thought that before he began to coi)y 
it was important to know what the State already 
possessed, and accordingly, with the assistance of 
Dr. Ethan Allen, he prepared the first volume of a 
Calendar of State papers which is now in the library 
of this Society. But before the preliminary work 
was completed the appropriation was exhausted, 
and the hand of the type-writer has not yet gar- 
nered the sheaves in question. 

The importance of the State papers was, again, 
most earnestly pressed upon the Constitutional 
Convention of 1867, by the late Mr. George L. L, 
Davis, and through his etforts a clause was inserted 
in the Constitution, making it the duty of the Com- 
missioner of the Land Office to collect, arrange and 
classify the papers, records, relics and other memo- 
rials connected with the early history of ^laryland. 
3 



18 



This Society at length, in the passage of the Act 
of Assembly of 1882, accomplished what had been 
a cherished pm*pose ever since its organization, 
namely, the transfer into its custody of all the 
records, archives and ancient documents of the 
Province and State prior to the acknowledgment of 
the independence of the United States by Great 
Britain, on the condition that they should be safely 
kept, properly arranged and catalogued, and that 
the Society should edit and publish such of them as 
w^ere of historical importance, the State reserving 
its ownership, and providing for the free access to 
these papers of all its citizens. The State at last 
had appreciated the fact that it had no agency of its 
own suitable for the work of collecting, assorting 
and preserving these papers. 

Then began the reclamation of State papers from 
all conceivable, as well as inconceivable repositories. 
The search went through places where they ought 
to have been, and were not, and places where they 
should not have been, but were. Under the 
authority of this Act, and through previous efforts, 
the cellars, the lofts, the forgotten cupboards, the 
woodhouse of the Treasury and the dome of the 
State House, as well as the public offices, all gave 
up their historic treasures, and at last, so far, at 
least, as those possessed by the State are concerned, 
we are able to answer the inquiry, where are the 
records? They are in the iron vault of this Society 



19 



— the Home for Aged Papers — protected from 
exposure and neglect, secm-e against the hand of 
the spoiler, and safe from the depredations of the 
autograph fiend. 

This Society is faithfully and gladly discharging 
the conditions upon which it was made the reposi- 
tory of these papers, and is now solving the problem 
of what the records are. The accumulations of a 
hundred and fifty years, including about 10,000 sep- 
arate papers, thus came into its hands. All are 
being properly assorted and catalogued, with due 
reference to subject matter and chronological order, 
and, with infinite labor, the worn papers, the faded 
writing, the contracted hand, the long disused 
abbreviations, and the long since obsolete terms, 
are being deciphered and the entire text transcribed. 
Five volumes of the archives, under the scholarly 
supervision of Dr. Browne, have been published. 

Towards the expense of this work the State has 
made a moderate but inadequate appropriation. 
Much of the necessary service is gratuitous, while 
important gaps in the records have been filled from 
the collections of this Society, and by material gath- 
ered abroad at its expense. This Act of 1882, from 
a historical standpoint, is the most important event 
that has j^et transpired. 

It not only secured the safety of our State papers, 
but, through the agency of this Society, it is work- 
ing out a full disclosure of their contents. To a 



20 



certain degree, in their past condition, they have 
been as if written in an nnknown tono'ue. 

This Act, also, is leading up to a new, a more 
accurate and complete history of the State. The 
histories of Maryland heretofore written have been 
well done in view of the broken record and the 
difficulty of mining the material at command. But 
a new history of the State has been begun, and will 
appear in due season. 

We may not know by whom it will be finished, 
nor whose name will be upon the title page as its 
author, but this Society has begun the work. It is 
now making accessible and capable of use the large 
stores which have been preserved ; it is replacing 
much that has been lost, and with an eye quick for 
the search, and a hand ready to reach, it is looking- 
for further historical riches in foreign repositories 
not yet explored. In thus prei^aring ready to his 
hand all materials, and in doing for the future 
author the most dreary and laborious part of his 
work, this Society is contributing its important part 
toward the new history of the State. 

It has assumed that portion of the task, which, 
as McMahon well said, "if inflicted as a punish- 
ment, would be intolerable." 

Such, sir, is part of the work now being done by 
this Society, and it is in recognition of its active 
zeal, and of the service it is rendering the State, 
that we desire to place in its possession these Cal- 



21 



vert Papers. They begin the story of our people 
at a period earlier than the landing at St. Mary's. 
They had already opened the record when Leonard 
Calvert set up the cross on St. Clement's, and in 
the name of his brother, took possession of his 
unexplored kingdom of forest and river and bay. 

They have been singularly preserved through 
the casualties of two hundred and fifty years. The 
Barons of Baltimore, each in his turn, have played 
their almost royal parts, and the baronetcy itself 
has been extinct for more than a century. Eight 
generations, full of life and high impulse, have 
wrought their mission, and passed on. The first 
seat of government has disappeared, and not even 
its ruins now mark the spot where the early legisla- 
tors assembled. From the little colony has grown 
a great State, superb in its fi'ee institutions, and 
the home of a million noble people. 

These parchments have survived through all 
these changes, and, by the force of association, they 
fill this hall to-night with voices and faces from 
the weird and majestic past, and stamp again with 
the vividness of real life, acts and events which 
were fading into shadow and tradition. 

With all their rich associations and historic 
value, I now have the honor to present them to 
you as the representative of the Maryland Histori- 
cal Society, and, as I do so, it is with the thought 
that they are part of the muniments of our goodly 



-70 



heritage of civil and religious liberty — part of the 
evidences of our 
able in our past. 



evidences of our title to all that is great and honor- 



Address of Hon. John H. B. Latrobe. 

Upon the conclusion of the address of Colonel 
Ritchie, the President, Hon. John H. B. Latrobe, 
said: 

I gratefully acknowledge, Mr. Ritchie, on behalf 
of the Maryland Historical Societ}^, the valuable 
addition to its archives of the "Calvert Papers," 
which the generosity and public spirit of some of 
our fellow citizens have enabled it to secure. 

To go now into more formal or extended remarks 
would consume time which may better be given 
to some matters immediately connected with the 
papers referred to. 

Address of Mr. Mendes Cohen. 

Mr. Mendes Cohen, Chairman of the Committee 
on the Calvert Papers, then addressed the meeting, 
as follows : 

Mr. President., Ladies and Gentlemen., — 

In the distribution of the duties of this occasion, 
it devolves upon me to tell you something in regard 



23 

to the finding of these papers. I cannot do so, 
however, without mentioning the name of one of 
our departed members, taken from among us in the 
midst of his usefulness more than twenty years ago ; 
one well known to the older members of the Society 
and to his fellow citizens generally, as a gentleman 
of the highest scientiiic and scholarly attainments. 
I refer to the late John Henry Alexander, LL. D. 

Dr. Alexander, amongst numerous other literary 
and scientific works, jn-epared an "Index to the cal- 
endar of Maryland State papers," compiled under 
his own direction by authority of an Act of the Leg- 
islature (January session, 1858, Chapter 27) . 

In the preface to this Index which bears date 
Easter Monday, 1861, speaking of the collections of 
Maryland documents in the British Museum, he 
records : 

"Many years ago, these possessions of the British 
Museum might have been increased, and with 
objects of great interest. In the autumn of 1839, 
there were lying in one of its rooms, on the ground 
floor, two considerable chests marked Calvert 
Papers, which I myself observed with much inter- 
est; but presuming that they were an acquisition of 
the establishment, and would be shortly examined 
and reported upon thoroughly, or at least be there- 
after forever accessible, I made no particular in(pury 
about them at the moment. It appears that this 
presumption was erroneous, and upon a diligent 



24 

research instituted recently — under tlie disadvan- 
tnue. to be sure, of there being not a single person 
left now in the employment of the institution, who 
was connected then witli tlie particular branch of 
its service to which l^elongs the receipt and custody 
of siicli things, until they are handed over to be 
placed in their proper receptacles — no further intel- 
ligence could be obtained about them, and no other 
conclusion arrived at than that, when seen they 
were merely in transitu^ having been probably 
offered by some party possessing them, but at such 
a price as precluded their purchase. However this 
may have been, the mischance is very much to be 
regretted." 

It was mv o-ood fortune to know Dr. Alexander 
from my early youth. I was a student of engineer- 
ing; he, the accomplished scientist and mathe- 
matician, the intimate friend of an uncle who stood 
to me /// loco i)are}itis^ was pleased on this account 
to take iimcli interest in the progress of my studies, 
and subse([uently in my })rofessional career. T 
learned to respect the thoroughness with which 
Dr. Alexander pursued every investigation; the 
careful accuracy of his observation and the precision 
with which he noted results. 1 did not then know 
how rare were the qualities that I admired in him, 
nor how great was the privilege which I enjoyed 
in my intercourse with him ; but I have realized it 
since, and it is to me a great pleasure to say that we 



25 



primarily owe our acquisition of these paj^ers to Dr. 
Alexander's careful methods — tor I do not think 
that the search would have been thought of, as it 
would certainly not have been undertaken by me, 
but for that record of a failure to iind wliat he 
believed to have existed a few years before. 

On reading that account for the first time and 
knowing something of the way which English people 
have of preserving written documents, I tliought 
the chances were strongly in favor of Dr. Alexan- 
der's theory, and that the papers had gone l)ack to 
the attic cin-ner whence they had emerged foi- tlieir 
visit to the British Museum, and I ])romis(Ml my- 
self the pleasure of searching them out as soon as 
opportunity permitted me a visit to England. 

In the meantime it chanced that, as corres})ond- 
ing secretary of this Society, I was in communica- 
tion with ^Ir. A\'inslow Jones of Exmouth. Eng- 
land, a gentleman interested in matters bearing 
u])on our history, and who has contril)iited to our 
collection some interesting notes in regard to the 
early (-alverts. T ventured to ask his interest and 
co-operation in a search for the lost ])a|)ers. He 
readily gave his assistance and througli an iiKpiiry 
made by him in Notes and Queries, infoi-matioii was 
elicited which led to our being convinced that a 
large mass of the Colonial Papers and corresixtiid- 
ence was still in existence and in the possession of 
Col. F. H. Harford, a retired (»ffic(M- of tlie Hritisli 
4 



26 

Army, and a dcsceiulant of the last Lord Baltimore. 
Some months later Mr. Jones was permitted to see 
tiiese papers at Ct)l. Harford's seat, Down Place, 
near Windsor, and in May, 1887, he writes me : — 

" I finislied on yesterday the examination of the 
deeds and i);ip(*rs at Down Place 

"They were in ntter confusion, in one very large 
chest, and not in the two in which they were origi- 
nally ke]it, without any arrangement and mixed u]) 
with family papers unconnected with the Province, 
and \ ei-y many of ])oth sets without endorsement, 
but tli(\v are all now arranged and for the most 
j)art mai'kcd 

''The chest has for some years been in an old 
Orangery, now used as a potting house and for gar- 
den purposes, and some signs of damp are on a few 
of the pa])ers, so that if the chest should remain 
foi' sonu> years longer in its present place, tlie 
papers may be seriously injured." 

It is needless to recount our unsuccessful efforts 
to negotiate with the owners by a correspondence 
which extended over a year or more. Wo could 
neitlier learn the date of a single paper in the col- 
lection iioi- the price at which any or all of them 
would be transferred to the Society. 

During the summer of 1887, Mr. D. R. Randall, 
of Aiiiia|)olis, a corresjioiiding inenilxM" of this So- 
ciety, being in London, was asked to call to see the 
j)apers wliicli had l)v this time boon i-cnioved from 



27 

Down Place to the custody of Col. Harford's solici- 
tors in London. He did so, and was shown such 
of the collection as had then reached London. He 
was informed by the solicitors that some of the 
i:>apers were still at Down Place, partly in the house 
and partly buried in a field adjoining-. The papers 
referred to as being then in the house at Down 
Place, are said to have been brought shortly there- 
after to London and to be included in our aggrega- 
tion, but in regard to the buried papers the solici- 
tors write: "We fear that they are lost beyond 
hope of recovery, as we understand from our client 
that they were buried some years ago by his gar- 
deners in order to get rid of what at the time was 
supposed to be useless." 

iVt this stage it began to look as if the story 
of the Sibylline books might be repeated to our 
irremediable loss, and we felt corresj^ondingly anxi- 
ous to secure the existing remainder before any 
further diminution should befall them. It was 
evident that some one familiar with the Maryland 
Archives must be sent to London, to rep(n*t speci- 
fically as to the historical value of the find and 
to act as our agent. 

The most suitable person available was Mr. J. 
W. M. Lee, the Society's librarian. The late Mr. 
T. Harrison Garrett, in whose service Mr. Lee was 
then engaged, readily consented to spare him for 
the purpose. Mr. Lee sailed for England A])ril 



28 

14tli last. Tie reacluMl T.niuloii on tlie 21st, and 
lost no time after his ,Mrri\al in oxaminino' tlic 
])ai)(.'rs at the otfico of Col. HarfonTs solicitors, 
whoro it was stated to Mr. Lee. that all the papers 
known to he in existence were then collected. We 
were infornuMl h_v eacli mail of tlio jtrogress of his 
in\-esti,Liation. and in time, of the price placed ui)on 
theni and of his estimate of their value. 

An aureement was arri^'ed at without delay, and 
^Ir. Lee was cabled to close the i)urchase which 
was at once effected through the medium of Messrs. 
R(>bert Garrett & Sons, who acted as our bankers, 
and advanced the necessary funds. 

Through the liberal subscription of the ladies 
and gentlemen who have just i)resented the col- 
lection to the Society, sufficient funds were raised 
to defray the expenses of the mission as well as the 
cost of the collection and its transfer to your fire- 
proof \ault. where it was safely placed on the even- 
ing of June nth, 1888. 

There still remain for us the questions: 

1st. Are these [)a[)ers in whole or in part those 
which were contained in the two boxes seen bv Dr. 
Alexander in the British Museum in 1839? 

2d. What means the statement about the buried 
ch(>st ? 

in i-egard to the tirst question it must be stated 
that our information is very meagre. We have 
not been able as vet. clearlv to establish a con- 



29 

nectioii between the papers we now possess and the 
supposed contents of the boxes seen in 1839; nor 
has our agent, Mr. Lee, given us any informa- 
tion throwing light on the subject. 

Xevertheless, I believe them to be the same. It 
is somewhat curious that whilst we in Maryland 
were wondering what could have become of these 
missing papers ; at the very time, when in 1861, 
Dr. Alexander was printing the document which 
records the facts that have led to the renewal of 
the search, our sister State, Virginia, in a search 
for evidence bearing upon the question of the boun 
dary between Virginia and Maryland, should have 
developed and recorded the fact of the then present 
existence of the papers which we now have before us. 

In March, 1860, the General Assembly of Vir- 
ginia adopted a resolution " authorizing and re- 
questing the Governor, if he should deem it expe- 
dient, to send to England a competent agent to 
obtain from thence all record and documentary 
evidence tending to ascertain and establish the true 
lines of boundary between A^irginia and the States 
of Xorth Carolina, Tennessee and Maryland." 

Col. A. W. McDonald was commissioned as such 
agent, and proceeded to London, where lie an'i\ ed 
June 20, 18()0. In liis re])ort to (io\(M-nor Letclier, 
dated Fel)i'uary 2d, 1861, he states: " I sought out 
the representative of the Baltimore family, and 
tinally discovered him a ])risoner for debt in the 



30 

Queen's Bench prison, to wliicli some twelve years 
since lie had been transferred from the Fleet prison. 
',\f\ov having been there confined for more than 
ciiilit years. I obtained an interview with this gen- 
tleman ; informed him of the object of my visit, 
wliicli he appeared entirely willing to promote, and 
learned from him. after most minute inquiry, tliat 
th(> original charter had never come into his hands 
with the other family pa])ers wJdch had; that he had 
never seen it; never heard of it as being in the 
hands of any other person ; and that he verily 
believed said original charter to 1)0 utterly lost or 
destroyed." 

Shortly after our discovery of the papers my at- 
tention was tirst called to this record by our fellow- 
mend^er, Mr. Henry F. Thompson. It had there- 
tofore seemingly escai)ed the notice of those inter- 
ested in the Maryland Archives, as it certainly had 
my own. a fact which I can only account for by 
reason of Col, McDonald's report having been made 
just at the breaking out of our late civil war. at a 
period when all attention was concentrated ui)on 
the stirring events so rapidly succeeding each other 
almost before the eyes of many of us — a time when, 
in fact, our peoi)le were engaged in making History 
not ill studying it. 

l*'roin this report of Col. McDonald, it will be 
seen that the then representative of the Cahci'ts 
had been in |)risoii for debt for at least twenty 



31 

years, or certainly since 1840, possibly from a some- 
what earlier date. As it was only in 1839 that Dr. 
Alexander saw the chests, it would seem possible 
that the then representative of the family had 
offered them to the Museum before going to prison, 
either for sale or for safe keeping, and that tlie 
Museum declining to take them, they remained in 
the possession of the family during his imprison- 
ment, and subsequently until our acquisition of 
them. If this be the case, as I have no doubt it is, 
it will only be necessary to obtain from the present 
representative of the family, or his solicitors, the 
facts doubtless in their possession to establish tlic 
identity of the papers before us with those in the 
missing boxes. 

^ow, as to the story of the burial of a chest of 
papers. When that statement first reached me, I 
supposed that it might be a myth, due to the fact 
that when ]\Ir. Jones found the chest of papers at 
Down l^lace, it was in an out-building — a potting- 
house — and may have been half-buried in the mould 
and debris of the gardener's work-shop. 

Mr. Lee was re([uested to make particular inipiiry 
on this point, and to go, if necessary, to Down Place 
to ascertain the facts. This he did. He saw l)oth 
(A)lonel and Mrs. Harford at their lionie. but could 
obtain from them no information more precise than 
that Colonel Harford had a few years before given 
authority to his y-ardcners to burv a box of tin* 



32 

papers, which were luucli in tlio way. T\w gar- 
doiicr tt) wliom tliis autliority was given, was no 
h>ngvr in Colonel Harford's service when Mr. Lee 
was at Down Place, and Mr. Lee reports that 
Colonel Harford did not know the place of hnrial. 
nor e\('n if the authority to hury was ever availed of. 

The pa])ers we have are so coni])lete in some par- 
ticulars, whilst lacking in others wliere we are 
pretty sure that the proprietors had received full 
reports from the Colony, that we cannot but feel 
that the chest supposed to have been buried may 
well have contained just what we find wanting. 
^'ou ha\ e thus had a history of all we know, as yet, 
regarding these papers, and their re-discovery. It 
will devolve ui)on others to describe to you their 
interesting character and contents. 

In conclusion, I will only express the hope that 
some of our members, hereafter visiting Eni>-land, 
will be sutficiently interested to investigate the 
({uestions still left open, whilst there remains a 
chance of tinding those ca[)able of answering them, 
thus completing and i)erfecting for our State a 
record of h(>r early history, perhaps unequalled by 
that of any other of the thirteen colonies. 

Addkess uf Dr. W illia.m 11 and Browne. 

Dr. William Hand Browne, followed Mi-. 
Coiii:n. with the r(\adinii" <>f extracts frttm some of 



33 

the recently acquired papers, and with some intro- 
ductory and explanatory remarks, as follows: 

As you have heard the story of the discovery 
and acquisition of the Calvert Papers, it remains to 
give you the briefest possible account of what they 
are. 

They consist of nearly 1,()()() documents, on paper 
and parchment, all in admirable preservation, rang- 
ing from the reigns of Henry VIII and Elizabeth, 
down to the second half of the last century. 

The most ancient document relating to Mary- 
land is Cecilius Calvert's Instructions to the First 
Colonists, of which I shall speak more at large 
presently. We have the Conditions of Plantation 
of 1640 ; a series of Council- Books and of the 
Journals of the Upper and Lower Houses of Assem- 
bly, filling many gaps in our collections ; also 
copies of laws transmitted to the proprietary for liis 
assent. We have grants of land and rent-rolls 
of the various counties from 1640 to 1761. 

Here also is a great mass of documents illustrat- 
ing every phase of the boundary dispute between 
Maryland and Pennsylvania, from the granting of 
the latter coh^ny to the completion of Mason and 
Dixon's survey in 1768, with the maps submitted in 
the process of the suit; among which l.-ist are 
Mason and Dixon's own map, and a copy on vellum 
of the famous forged map on which Cn])c Hoiil(>])en 



34 

was misplaced, so tlint the southern boundary of 
Dehnwarc was run some twenty miles soutli of the 
line agreed upon. 

We have a collection of receipts for the Indian 
arrows which the Proprietary was bound by his 
charter to tender every year at Windsor Castle; 
and amonu" these the very first, of the date of 1633. 

We have some twenty documents, all new to us, 
relating- to Avalon ; of which one is an inspeximus 
of the Charter in 1634, authenticated by the Great 
Seal of England. 

There are also several hundred letters from the 
Proprietaries, the governors, and other persons of 
consequence ; and many private letters of great 
interest, some of which throw curious light u})on 
the obscure beginnings of the colony. 

The heraldic and genealogical parchments are 
curious and attractive. Among them we have the 
original patent of nobility creating George Calvert 
first Baron of Baltimore; a beautiful piece of 
calligraphy and illumination, bearing the Great 
Seal of James I, and a miniature of that monarch. 

There are also several other heraldic scrolls, 
richly blazoned, relating to the Calverts and other 
families. There are impressions of the Great Seals 
of Kngland, from Elizabeth to George III : the 
Great Seals of Maryland, Virginia and New York ; 
the seals of several kings-at-arms, and others of 
less interest. 



3o 



I am aware that all this is little more than a very- 
imperfect fragment of catalog-uing, neither complete 
nor entertaining; but under the circumstances it 
cannot be helped. The importance of many of these 
papers could only be made clear by an introductory 
explanation of the omissions they supply, the errors 
they rectify, or the obscurities on which they throw 
light. Others of less striking interest, are valuable 
as serving to fill gaps in a series which is now, I 
believe, more continuous than any of the colonial 
archives. But for this evening I have preferred 
to dip here and there into the mass for fragments, 
in themselves curious and interesting, which will 
require the least amount of preface. 

The first paper I shall bring to your notice is 
remarkable in two respects : It is absolutely the 
most ancient Maryland document known to be in 
existence (for although the charter is older, of that 
we have only official copies of later date); and it is 
also remarkable as clearly showing tlu' intentions 
of the Proprietary with respect to religious tolera- 
tion. You are all aware that there has been much 
idle discussion about this matter, many imperfectly 
informed persons dating Maryland toleration from 
the Act of 1649. We have now proof that this was 
from the first the purpose of the founder of Mary- 
land ; and that the Act of 1649 only formulated 
the policy which had i-uled in the province from 
its very beginning. 



36 

The Ark niid tlie Dove left Gravesend on October 
LStli, 1()33, and proceeded to the Isle of Wight, where 
thevtook on board Fathers White and iVltham, and 
some others, and lay there until Noveml)er 30th. 
Just before their sailing a copy of instructions from 
the Proprietary was sent to Leonard Calvert and 
Messrs. IL-nvley and Cornwaleys, the heads of 
the expedition, containing precepts for their gov- 
ernance during the voyage and on their arrival. 
This paper is in Cecilius' handwriting, and fi'om the 
interlineations and erasures is evidently the draft 
from whicli a fair copy was afterwards made. 

[See No. 1.] 

The next paper is a report by Go^'ernor Leonard 
Calvert of the circumstances attending the reduc- 
tion of Kent Island — or rather of the trading post 
upon that island — in February, 1638. Two or 
three of the leading men at tliis post, which had 
been established for the purpose of trade with 
the Tiulians, by a firm of London merchants who 
had no grant of land from any source and whose 
representatives on the island were simply squatters 
— these leaders undertook to hold out against Bal- 
timore's authority, so tliat lie had either to tlirow 
up his charter, or compel them to acknowledge it. 

[See No. 9.] 

The next paper is a long letter written in Novem- 
ber, 1642, by ( 'ecilius to Leonard. We have scarcely 



37 



any writings from Cecilius except such as are of a 
purely formal character, and it is pleasant to find 
him here in confidential communication with his 
brother. 

The whole tone of the letter is aifectionate, 
though the extract which I shall read is one in 
Mdiich he takes Leonard sharply to task for disobe- 
dience of orders in granting land to certain parties 
contrary to his brother's express prohibition. 

[See No. 12.] 

The next is a very long letter written by Charles, 
son of Cecilius and governor of the Province, to his 
father in April, 1672. It is full of curious and 
interesting details about matters in Maryland ; but 
the time will not allow me to read more than a few 
sentences about the interchange of gifts between 

father and son. 

[See No. 14.] 

The last paper which I shall read is a holograph 
letter from William Penn to some Marylanders 
near the head of the bay. Notwithstanding the 
enormous size of the grant he had received, Penn 
cast longing eyes upon the Chesai)eake, and was all 
his life trying to extend his boundary southward at 
Maryland's expense. Shortly after his cliarlcr liml 
been signed, he wrote to Charles, Lord Baltimore, 
a letter full of friendly [)rofessions, asking and 
promising neighborly comity, and desiring that 



38 

tlioir (•(ni(liu-t toward each other might be regulated 
by the simple rule, " do as thou wouldst be done 
to/' His next step was to write a characteristic 
letter to llerrmau and other influential Mary- 
landers in the north of the province, to induce 
them, partly by fair words, and partly by veiled 
threats, to revolt against Baltimore's authority. 
This letter I shall read. The original, as I said, 
is entirely in Penn's handwriting, and bears his 
seal as well as Ilerrman's indorsement. 
[See No. 19.] 

Among other interesting documents exhibited at 
the meeting, were the following: 

Exemplification of the Arms of Sir George Calvert. 

To All And Singvlar As well Nobles, and gendes as others to 
whom theis presents shall come Sir Richard St. George Knight 
Norroy Kinge of Arms of the North parts of the Realme of Eng- 
land from the Riuer of Trent Northward send greetinge. Foras- 
much as auntiently from the beginninge the virtuous and worthy 
actes of excellent persons haue bene commended to the World, 
with sundry monuments and Remembraunces of their good deserts 
amongest which the cheifest and mostusuall haue bene the bearinge 
of Signes and tokens in Sheilds, called Arnies which are evident 
demonstracons and Testimonyes of proues & valour dyuersly dis- 
tributed accordinge to the (pialitie and deserts of the persons 
nierrittinge the same, which order as it was prudently deuised to 
stirr vp and enflame the harts of men to the Imitacon of Virtue, 
even soe hath the same bene, and yet is contyuued to the intent 
that such as haue done Commendable Service to their Prince and 
Countrey cither in warre or in peace, may therefore receiue due 



39 



honor in their owne Lyues and also deriue and contynue the same 
successiuely to their posterity for euer. Amongest wliich nomher 
for that I fynd the right Honourable Sir George Caluert Knight 
one of his Maiesties principall Secretaryes of State and his aun- 
cestors to haue recided in the North parts of this Kingdome. and 
not only to haue lined their in the Ranke and reputaeon of gent: 
and bene bearers of such badges and Ensijines of honor amongest 
vs, but further haue seene an exact collection made by Mr. 
Richard Verstegan an Antiquarie in Antwarpe sent ouer this last 
of March 1622, by which it appeareth that the said Sir George is 
descended of a Noble and auntient familie of that Surname in 
the Earldome of flanders where they have lined long in great 
Honor, and haue had great possessions, their principall and aun- 
tient Seate being at Warvickoe in the said Province, And that in 
theis later tymes two brethren of that surname vid : Jaques Cal- 
vert Lord of Seuere two leagues from Gaunt remayned in the 
Netherland broyles on the side of the Kinge of Spayne and hath 
a Sonne who at this present is in honourable place and office in 
the Parliament Courte at Macklyn, And Leuinus Caluert the 
other brother tooke parte with the States of Holland and was by 
them ymployed as their Agent with Henry the fourth late Kinge 
of Fraunce, which Leuinus Caluert left a sonne in France whom 
the foresaid Kinge entertayned as a gentleman of his bed chamber. 
And further it is testefied by the said Mr. Verstegan that the 
proper Armes belonging to the Familie of the Caluerts is, or, 
three martletts Sables with this Creast vizt the vpper parte or 
halues of two Launces the bandroll of the first Sables and the 
second, or. Nowe forasmuch as I have been required by the said 
Sir George Caluert Knight to make a true declaracon of what I 
haue seene concerninge the worthynes of his auucestoj-s that it 
maye remayne to posterity from whence they orriginaily descended 
as also that at this instant their is three of that Surname and 
lyniage lyvinge in three seuerail countryes beinge all men of great 
emenency and honourable ynqjloyment in the State where they 



4(1 



line, which otherwayes by a generall neclect might in future tyme 
be forgotten and the honor of their auncestors buried in obliuion. 
And withall for a further nianifestacGii and memoriall of the 
faniilie from wlience he is descended. The said >Sir George Caluert 
is likewise desirous to add some parte of those honourable badges 
and ensignes of honor which descend vpon him from his aunces- 
toi"s their to those wliich lie and his predecessors haue formerly 
borne here since their comminge into England. The premisses 
considered I the said Norroy Kinge of Armes haue thought fitt 
not (inly to puhlislie by the declaracon what hath come to my 
hands and Knowledge concerninge the honor of this w'orthy 
faniilie but also to add to the Coate of Armes which they haue 
borne here in England beinge paley of Sixe peices, or and Sables 
a bend counterchanged this Creast ensuinge Vizt : the vpper parte 
of two halfe Launces or, with bandrolls there to appendinge the 
one or the other Sables standinge in a Ducall Crowne gules as 
more playnly appeareth depicted in the margent and is the aun- 
tient Creast descended vnto him from his auncestors, The which 
Coate and Creast I the said Norroy Kinge of Armes doe ratifie, 
ajijiroue and contirme vnto the said Sir George Caluert Knight 
and the yssue of his body foreuer bearinge their due and lawfull 
difterences accordinge to the lawe of Armes in that case prouided. 
In witnes whereof I the said Sir Richard St. George Knight 
Norroy Kinge of Armes haue hereto put my hand and Seale of 
my office this third Daye of December 1622. In the yeare of 
the Raigne of our Soueraigne Lord James by the grace of God 
Kinge of England France, and Ireland Dcfeiidor of the fayth 
&c. the Twentitli, And of Scotland the flyftie and sixe. 

Rd : St. George Norroy. 



41 



Letters Patent 

Under the Great Seal of England, to Sir George Calvert, creating 
him Baron Baltimore of Baltimore in the Kingdom of Ireland. 

The entire space upon tlie parchment occupied by the Patent is about 
twenty-six inches in width, by seventeen inches in height. Of this space 
about eight and three-fourth inches in width by seven and one-half inches 
in height at the upper left hand corner (the dexter canton) is occupied 
by the initial letter J. The background of this part is black, but tas- 
sellated jaerspectively at the bottom in squares of black and white en- 
riched witli gold scrolled work — the whole edged with a plain gold band 
about one-eighth of an inch wide. The letter J is of blue, edged and l)eau- 
tifuUy knotted with gold. The letter proper occupies but two sides of the 
square, and its foot runs into the mouth of the Dragon of tlie Tudors 
(tricked as a wyvern, vert, heightened witii gold, and enflamed at the 
mouth, legged gules), which faces to the sinister and occupies the entire 
foot of the canton. In the open space between the initial proper and the 
dragon is the portrait of KiiSTG James the First, three-quarters profile, 
facing to the sinister, sitting upon his throne, clad in a red mantle, doubled 
ermine, the small clothes and hose of white silk, with gold rosettes 
and trimmings (the right knee only showing ; the Garter does not appear). 
He is crowned imperially, and wears the ColXiAR and George; in his 
right liand he holds a golden sceptre surmounted by a fleur de lis, in his 
left the orb. The throne is of gold ; and behind it is a curtain of deep violet 
colour. 

From this initial letter there runs a bordure of the width of about three 
and one-half inches along the top and down the left edge of the whole de- 
sign ; and also from the initial letter down the right edge — thus forming 
three sides of the entire work (the fourth side — the foot — being folded 
over and fastened down with the cords of the Great Seal which is affixed 
directly beneath the centre, jaendent by a metallic cord passed in and out 
several times and sufiiciently long to leave the Seal entirely clear of the 
parchment itself). This bordure is also edged in plain gold about one- 
eighth of an inch wide, and is beautifully ornamented witli scrolls, urns, 
grotesques, and flowers, in gold and colours minutely detailed and skillfully 
done. The words "Jacobus Dei gratia Angliae" (except the initial J 
already referred to) are large ;;nd done in gold upon a blue stripe of 

6 



42 



the width of about one and one eighth inches, extending from the initial 
letter across to tlie bonhn-e on the right. All the lettering is in the usual 
Court hand, evenly and nicely done, and in black, save as above noted. 

On the upper strip of the bordure are three Heraldic trickings, viz: 
(1)— (dexter, and close to the initial letter) The crest of England [ — A 
lion gardant Or, imperially crowned, tail extended, statant upon an im- 
perial crown gold, jewelled proper, the cap red, turned ermine] — all 
in front of a large escallop shell ribbed and shaded in blue. (2) — {sinister, 
and at the extreme right hand ui)per corner of the entire work) The crest 
of Scotland [ — A lion affronts gules, crowned imperially Or, in the dexter 
paw a sceptre erect, surmounted by a fleur de lis gold ; in the sinister, a 
sword azure, erect also, hilted and handled also of gold : sedant upon an im- 
perial crown of gold, jewelled proper, the cap red, turned ermine] — all in 
front of a large escallop shell ribbed and shaded in blue, as before. (3) — 
{centre, and halfway between the two crests) The Royal Atchievement 
[ — The Royal Arms, temp Jac. i, but not as ordinarily tricked, thus: 
quarterly grand quarters : i and iv, quarterly 1 and 4 England, gules 3 
lions passant gardant in pale Or; 2 and 3 France, azure 3 fleur de lis 2 and 
1, Or : ii Scotland, Or a lion rampant, within a double tressure, flory counter 
flory, gules: iii Ireland, azure a harp Or, stringed silver — All witliin the 
Garter (dark blue with gold edges, buckle, and champet of gold, the letters 
Roman and gold also), the intervening space of red, ornamented with gold 
scroll work spreading out behind the Garter. Above is the imperial 
crown, of gold, the cap red, turned ermine. The supporters are {dexter) for 
England: a lion gardant (rampant against the Garter), Or, langued and 
armed gules, imperially crowned gold, the cap red : {sinister) for Scotland, 
a unicorn (salient against the Garter), sable, armed, crined, unguled, gorged 
with a marquis' coronet, therefrom a eliain reflexed over the back and ter- 
minating between the hind feet in an annulet, Or. Behind the dexter supporter 
are represented red and pink roses (but no white ones) with golden centres, 
growing from green stalks leaved proper, etc. ; behind the sinister supporter, 
green thistles with Rowers purpure, growing from green stalks, thorned, and 
leaved green, etc. — The whole Atchievement standing upon a greensward 
coloured naturally and arranged perspectively] — 

It will be seen, by any one at all familiar with English coat-armour, that 
these tlircc trickings depart consideral)ly from the official blazon — notably 
(1) in placing England before France in the quartering, (2) in tricking the 
unicorn sable instead of argent, (3) in gorging the unicorn with a marquis' coro- 
net instead of the royal crown, and (4) in transposing tlie sceptre and sword 



43 



in the paws of the lion upon the Scottish crest. In the blazon above 
given exactness of detail has been sought, rather than mere technicality of 
terms. 

The Great Seal affixed is that of England, temporis Jacobi primi, in 
very dark green wax ; it is in a fair state of preservation, but somewhat 
flattened ; and the upper part is gone entirely. What is left of it is easily 
to be identified by comparison with other known examples of this Seal. 

3acobu9 H)ei ovntia HnciHa:* i scode ffrancie et Hi- 

bernie Rex tidei defeufor etc., ilrCl)lCpi5C0pi8 Ducibus Marchi- 
onibus Comitibus Vicecomitibus Epifcopis Baronibus Militib 3 I 
Prepofitis liberis hominibus ac omnibus Officiarijs Miniftris et 
Subiectis noftris quibufcunque ad quos prefentes litere pervenerint 
Salutem. (CUITI eminens | Nobilium numerus Regi fidelium et de 
Republica benemerentium sit Regni decor et fulcimentum ac 
gratia favoris amplioris ornentur hi merito in quibus | uberioris 
servitij studia contemplanuir quod nullo modo fieri poteft effica- 
cius quam honoribus rite diftribuendis ex quo non solum ipfi qui 
ad nobilitatem sint | evecti sed et alij etiam illorum exemplo pari 
spe incitati ad virtutis studium attendantur JlOS itaque in perfona 
dilecti et perquam fidelis Confiliarij noftri | Georgij Calvert 
militis morum gravitatem singulares animi dotes candoreni integ- 
ritatem et prudentiam et erga omnes benignitatem et urbanitatem 
intime \ confiderantes. Necnon mente noftra recolentes quanto fide 
induftria et alacritate nobis infervivit tam in Regno noftro 
Hibernie quo propter negotia noftra ibidem | graviffima maiorif- 
que momenti non ita pridem specialiter miffus fuit quam in hoc 
Regno noftro Anglie perquam plures Annos precipue vero 
poftquam iuxta | perfonam noftram in locum et honorem Confil- 
iarij et principalis Secretarij noftri afcitus fuit. Volentefque 
vt favoris noftri Regij singulare aliquod signum prefato | Georgio 
et pofteris suis imperpetuum maneat ex quo non ipfe solum sed et 
alij etiam perfpiciant quanti apud nos sunt eiufdem Georgij fides 
et obfequia quantumque | defideramus ipfius virtutes et bene- 
merita remunerare Jpfum in Procerum dicti Regni noftri Hibernie 



numerum afcribendum decrevimus oftfltlS Iflltur quod nos de 
frratia noftra speciali Ac ex certa | scieiitia et niero motu noftris 
prefatuiu Georgiuiii Calvert JNIiliteni ad statum gradura digni- 
tatem et honoi-eni Baronis Baltimore de Baltimore infra Regnum 
noftrum Hihernie ereximus pref'ecimus et creavimus I Jjjfumque 
Georgium Calvert Militem Baronem Baltimore de Baltimore 
predict' teuore prefentium erigimus preficimus et creamus, Eidem- 
que Georgio noiiien statum gradum stilum dignitatem titulum 
et I honorem Baronis Baltimore de Baltimore impofuimus dedi- 
mus et ])rebuimus, Ac per presentes imjionimus damus et prebemus, 
<0(lOCUOUin et tenendum eadem nomen statum gradum stilum 
dignitatem | titulum et honorem Baronis Baltimore de Baltimore 
predict' prefato Georgio Calvert Militi et horodibu<; mafculis 
de Corpore suo exeuntibus imperpetuum. UofCUtCS et per 
prefentes concedentes | pro nobis heredibus et Succefforibus noftris 
quod predictus Georgius et beredes sui mafculi predicti nomen 
statum gradum stilum dignitatem titulum et honorem Baronis 
Baltimore de Baltimore predict' | succeffive gerant et habeant et 
eorum quilibet gerat et habeat, et per nomen Baronis Baltimore de 
Baltimore succeffive vocentur et nuncuj)entur et eorum quilibet 
vocetur et nuncupetur Quodque idem Georgius I et heredes 
sui mafculi predicti succeffive Barones Baltimore de Baltimore 
predict' in omnibus teneantur et vt Barones dicti Regni nostri 
Hibernie tractentur et reputentur et eorum quilibet teneatur 
tractetur | et reputetur, habeantque teneant et poffideant et eorum 
quilibet habeat teneat et poffideat sedem locum et vocem in 
Parliamentis et publicis Comitijs atque Confilijs noftris hcre- 
dum et Succeffor' nr' infra Regnum | noftrum Hibernie inter 
alios Barones vt Barones Parliamentorum et publicorum Comi- 
tiorum atque Confiliorum ibidem. Necnon dictus Georgius et 
heredes sui mafculi predicti gaudeant et vtantur et | eorum 
quilibet gaudeat ft vtatur per nomen liaronis Baltimore de Bal- 
timore omnibus et singulis talibus Juribus privilegijs prehemi- 
nencijs et innnunitatibus statui Baronis dicti Regni nostri | 
Hibernie in onniibus rite et de iure pertinentibus quibus ceteri 



45 

Barones dicti Regni noftri Hibernie ante hec tempora melius 
honorificentius et quietius vfi sunt et gauifi seu in prefenti gaudent 
et I vtuntur. TJofUlTlUS etittlTl et per i)refentes concedimus prefato 
Georgio quod habeat et habebit has literas noftras Patentes sub 
magno Sigillo noftro Anglie debito modo factas et sigillatas | 
abfque fine seu feodo magno vel parvo nobis in lianaperio noftro 
seu alibi ad vfum noftrum proinde quoque modo reddendo sol- 
vendo vel faciendo. (50 QUOb expreffa mentio de vero valore 
annuo vel de | certitudine premifforum sive eorum alicuius aut 
de alijs donis sive Conceffionibus per nos seu per aliquem Progeni- 
torum sive Predecefforum noftrorum prefato Georgio ante hec tem- 
pora factis in | prefentibus minime facta exiftit aut aliquo Statuto 
Actu Ordinacioue Provifione proclamatione sive reftrictione in 
contrarium inde antehac habit' fact' edit' ordinat' sive provis' aut 
aliqua alia re caufa | vel matei'ia quacunque in aliquo non ob- 
ftante. oR tClllUS rei teftimonium has literas noftras fieri fecimus 
Patentes. (t6St6 me ipfo apud Weftmonafterium decimo sexto die 
ffebruarij Anno Regni | noftri Anglie ffrancie et Hibernie vi- 
cesimo secundo et Scocie quinquagesimo octauo : 

per Breve de private Sigillo : 

I£^mon^e6 : 

Examinatur per Jo: Bemboive. 

Translation. 
JAMES, BY THE Grace of God, King of Engeaxd, Scot- 
land, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Ac, to the 
Archbishops, Dukes, Marquises, Earls, Viscounts, Bishops, Barons, 
Kniglits, Governors, freemen, and all our officers, ministers, and 
subjects whomsoever to whom the present letters shall come, 
Greeting. Forasmuch as an eminent body of Nobility, fiiithful 
to the King and well-deserving of the State is the ornament and 
prop of a Kingdom, and those worthily are adorned with the grace 
of more ample favour in whom We behold the zeal of more abun- 
dant service which in no wise can be more effectually than by 
honours rightly distributed, whereby notonly they who are elevated 



46 

to nobility, but even others also, incited by their example with a 
like hope, may be drawn to a zeal for virtue. We therefore, 
nearly considering in the person of Our well-beloved and entirely 
faithful Councillor, George Calvert, Knight, gravity of manners, 
singular gifts of mind, candour, integrity, and ])rudence, and 
beniirnity and urbanity toward all men, and also reflecting in Our 
mind witli how great fidelity, diligence, and alacrity he has served 
Us, both in Our Kingdom of Ireland, whither, not long ago he 
was specially sent upon Our most weighty and very important 
business there, as also in this Our Kingdom of England, through- 
out many years, but especially since he was advanced near our 
person to the place and honour of a Councillor and Our principal 
Secretary, and "Willing that some singular mark of Our Royal 
favour may remain unto the aforesaid George and unto his pos- 
terity forever, by which not only he, but Even others also may 
perceive how highly we prize the fidelity and obedience of the 
said George, and how much we desire to reward his virtues and 
merits. We have decreed Him to be inscribed among the number 
of the peers of Our said Kingdom of Ireland : Know Ye there- 
fore that We, of Our especial grace, and of Our Sure Knowledge 
and mere motion, have exalted, preferred, and created the afore- 
said George Calvert, Knight, unto the estate, degree, dignity and 
honour of Baron Baltimore of Baltimore within Our Kingdom of 
Ireland, and Him the same George Calvert Knight, by the tenor 
of these presents, We do exalt, prefer, and create Baron Balti- 
more of Baltimore aforesaid ; and upon the said George the name, 
estate, degree, style, dignity, title and honour of Baron Baltimore 
of Baltimore We have imposed, conferred, and bestowed, and by 
these presents do impose, confer, and bestow To Have and to hold 
the said name, estate, degree, style, dignity, title and honour of 
Baron Baltimore of Baltimore aforesaid unto the aforenamed 
George Calvert, Knight, and to the heirs male of liis body issuing, 
forever : Willing, and by these presents granting, for Us, Our 
heirs and successors, that the aforesaid George and his heirs male 



47 

aforesaid, shall successively bear and have, and each one of them 
shall bear and have, the name, estate, degree, style, dignity, title, 
and honour of Baron Baltimore of Baltimore aforesaid, and suc- 
cessively shall be called and named, and each one of them shall 
be called and named, by the name of Baron Baltimore of Balti- 
moi-e : And that the said George and his heirs male aforesaid shall 
successively be held in all respects Barons Baltimore of Baltimore 
aforesaid, and as Barons of Our said Kingdom of Ireland shall 
be treated and reputed, and each one of them shall be held, 
treated, and reputed; and shall have, hold, and possess and each 
one of them shall have, hold and possess, seat, place, and voice 
in the Parliaments, public Assemblies, and Councils of Us, Our 
heirs and Successors within Our Kingdom of Ireland, among the 
other Barons, as Barons of Parliaments, public Assemblies, and 
Councils there. And also that the said George, and his heirs 
male aforesaid, shall enjoy and use and each one of them shall 
enjoy and use, by the name of Baron Baltimore, all and Singular 
such Rights, privileges, pi'eeminences and inununities unto the 
estate of a Baron of our said Kingdom of Ireland in all things 
rightfully and lawfully appertaining, as the other Barons of Our 
said Kingdom of Ireland hei-etofore better, more honorably, and 
more peaceably have used and enjoyed, or at present enjoy and 
use. We will also, and by tliese presents do grant unto the 
aforenamed George that he have and shall have these Our letters 
Patent under Our Great Seal of England duly made and sealed, 
without fine or fee, great or small, to us into Our Hanaper or else- 
wliere to Our use therefor in any manner to be returned, paid or 
made, Inasmuch as express mention of the true yearly value, or 
of the certainty of the premises, or of any of them ; or of other 
gifts or grants by Us or by any of Our Progenitors or Predecessors 
unto the aforenamed George heretofore made, doth not occur in 
these presents, any Statute, Act, Ordinance, Provision, Proclama- 
tion or restriction to the contrary thereto heretofore had, made, 
published, ordained or provided, or any other thing, cause, or 



48 



matter whatsoever in anywise notwithstanding. In testimony 
whereof these Our letters Patent We have caused to be made. 
Witness Myself at Westminster on the sixteenth day of Febru- 
ary in the year of our Reign of England, France, and Ireland, 
the twenty -second, and of Scotland the fifty-eighth. 

By Writ of the Privy Seal 

EDMONDES. 



Will of Sir George Calvert Lord Baltimore dated 14. 
Ap : 1632 AND proved on 21 of the same month in 

THE PREROGATIVE CoURT OF CANTERBURY. 

In THE NAME OF GoD Amen I Sir George Caluert Knight 
Lord Baltimore being ficke of bodie but well in minde doe hereby 
declare my last will, and Testament to be ffirst I doe bequeath 
my foule to God, and my bodie to the ground Item I doe be- 
queath my lands, goods, and Chattells of what nature foeuer to 
my eldest fonne Cicill Caluert either in England, or Ireland, and 
elsewhere Item I doe giue, and bequeath to my daughter Hellen 
Caluert the fome of Twelue hundred pounds to be paied vnto hir 
out of the monyes remayninge in the hands of my Lord Cotting- 
ton, and S' William Ashton fieoffees for thofe monies to the vfe of 
my younger Children w"** fome I doe defire to be paied vnto hir 
within fixe monethes next after my death, And I doe bequeath 
the remainder of thofe monies in the ffeofFees hands aforemen- 
cdned (tliis laid porcun being deducted) to be equally deuided 
amongeft my three younger fonnes viz' Leonard, George, and 
Henry Caluert to be paied vnto them att theire feuerall ages of One, 

and Twenty refpectiuely. Item I doe giue, and bequeath to 

my youngeft sonne Phillipp Caluert the fome of three hundred 
pounds to be paied vnto him att the age of one, and Twenty, And 
for his educacdn and maintenance in tlie meane tyme I doe order 
and require my eldest sonne Cicell Caluert to take care, and be 
att the charge thereof. Item I doe give vnto my daughter Anne 



49 



Peafeley and my daughter Grace Talbot each of tlieni a Croffe 
of Goulde of the valew of fFortie f hillings a peece, And likewife 
to my fonne in Lawe Robert Talbott, and William Peafeley Two 
other croffes of Gould of the fame valew to be given vnto them 
within one moneth after my death. Iteim I doe give to my fer- 
uant William Mafon the fonie of ffortie pounds Item I doe giue 
vnto my feruant Bridgett Draycoate the fonie of Twenty pounds. 
Item I doe giue vnto my feruant Edward Burke the fonie of ffyue 
pounds All which three foriies to my feruants my will is that 
they be paied vnto them within Sixe monethes next after my death. 
Item I doe heereby appoint, and require my Sonne Cicill Caluert to 
paie and difcharge all my debts that f hall appeare to be due And 
all theife Legacies heerebefore menconed that are heere Charged 
vpon him And for better pformance of this my laft will, and 
Teftam' I doe heei'eby nominate my fonne Cicell Caluert to be my 
fole Executof And desire my Noble, and auntient freinds the Lord 
Vifcount Wentworth, and the Lord Cottington to be my ouerfeers 
and fupuifo"^? thereof whome I likewife humblie requeft to haue 
a care of my poore familie, and to Patronize, and loue it as they 
have bene pleafed to doe vnto mee ever fince our firll Acquain- 
tauiice in Co''.'^ and elfewhere Item I doe give alfoe which 1 f hould 
haue menconed before amongft my kindred att Kiplie in the North 
the soiue of Twenty pounds to be difpofed, att the difcrecon of 
my Executor and fonne Cicell Caluert becaufe he knoweth the 
parties. In witnes whereof I haue this ffowerteenth daye of 
Aprill One Thowfand Sixe hundred Thirtie and Two putt my 
hande, and feale vnto this my laft will, and Teftament. Memok- 
ANDUM vpon further Confideracdn my will, and pleafure is That 
my fonne Leonard Caluert in regard that he is allreadie a man, 
and my fecond fonne he fhall haue Nyne hundred pounds to be 
paied him within fixe monethes after my death out of the monyes 
remayninge in truft in the hands of the Lord Cottington, and 
S! AVilliam Afhton my ffeoffees. And the remainder of the monies 
in theire hands (The faide porciuis to my daughter Hellen and 

7 



50 



my fonne Leonard l)cing deducted I doe bequeath to be devided 
equallie bctweene my Ibnnes George Caluert, and Henry Caluert 
to be paied vnto tliem att the yeares of One and Twentie. And 
my will is that the firft porcon nienconed in this will to be given 
to my fonne Leonard shalbe voide ; GEORGE BALTIMORE 
This was figned, and fealed in the p''fenee of vs And before the 
faide figneing, and fealing befides the fmall interlyning in the 
other page theife words (my fonne Cicell Caluert to be my fole 
ExecutoT) menconed betweene the fourth and fifte lyne of this 
page befides theife other little interlinings were made. Tobie 
Mathew Leonard Caluert, Will: Peasely Will: Mason. 

[Tliis copy issued out of the prero<(;itive Court of James Archbishop of 
Arma.f^h, Primate of all Ireland and Metropolitan, and is tested June 5th, 
1632.] 



The Inventory of the Estate of Mr. George Calvert, 
Lord Baltimore. 

A true and perfect Inventare of all and singuler the goods 
Creditts & Chattells of the Right hob'.? George Lord Baltimore 
deceafed w"!* he had at the tyme of his death in this Kingdom of 
England taken the firft day of ffebruary Ann" Dm 1632, ftilo 
Anglie and praifed by W™ Peaf ly John Langford and Thos ffludd 
as ffolloweth vizt. 
Imprimis one leafe of an Annuity oryearely 

pencon of one thoufand pounds per An- 

nm graunted to the f** George Lord 

Baltimore his executo? Adto":? and af- 

signes by the kings Maty that now is for 

the terme of one and twenty yeares be- 
ginning at the feast of the Anuncia- 

coii of the blefsed Virgin Mary laft pall 

to be payd by his Matyes Customers 

out of the petty farmes &c 



51 



Item his Lopps apparrell Ixx" 

Item his Lopps bookes jj" x° 

Item in ready money and plate j c ! 

Item one thoufand waight of badd Vir- \ 

ginuia Tabacco yet vnfold worth S"" per > xij'' x' 

pound ) 

Goods and ymplements of houfe & houfeholdstuffe remayning 
in his Lopps houfe in the backefide of Lincohies Inne feilde vizt. 

In the dyning roome. 

Item tenn green cloth cheyres ij'' x* 

Item two great green Arming cheyres j'' 

Item two low green cloth cheyres x' 

Item two Carpetts of cloth w'.*^ gilded 1 

leather j "^ 

Item one paire of brafs Andirons ij'' 

Item one paire of yron Andyrons topt ) 

w'> brafs i ^j' 

Item firef hoveli & tonges 
Item a payre of fnuffers bellowes and tw 

hand-f kreenes of wicker 
Item two Tables xv 

Item one window curtaine of Briftow ^ 

ftuffe and other peeces of fuch ftuffe to V i'' 

line the Avindowes J 

In the litle pafsage roome ioyning to a Chamber. 

Item one window curtaine of briftow ^ 

ftuffe w**" fome other broken peeces of ^ i'' 

the same J 

In the Bedchamber 
Item one green bedd laced and the l)ed- 1 ,. 

dins belonffins: to it J 



'■"} 



52 



Item two great green cheyres laced and two 
litle cheyres futable to the said Bedd 

Item one Cupbord covered w'.'' green cotten 

Item two litle window curtaines and fniall 
peeces of ftufte about the roome 

Item one payre of Iron Andirons topt ^ 
wV' brafse w'.*" fyre shovell tonges snuf- ' 
fax's & bellowes J 

Item a table w'.*" a green cloth carpett on it 



In another bed chamber 

Item one halfe headed bedfteed w"' a ^ 
Canopy of Norw""* ftuffe & hangings of 
the fame about the room w'.** a feather 
bedd boulfter & bedclothes to it and a 
table and one window curtaine 



viij" 



In a nother bedchamber 

Item one bedfteed w*.'' furniture of Kor- ^ 
\\"^ ftuffe hangings Carpetts & two win- 
dow Curtaines of the fame ftuffe w**" a 
feather bedd boulfter & bedclothes to 
it Andirons firef hovell tonges bellowes 
fnuffers and a litle Table 

Item one Trundle bedd & bedding for 
servants 

In another chamber 

Item a halfe headed bedfteed a trundle ^ 
bedd a Canopy of Norw*"!" ftuffe w".' i)ed- 
ding therevnto belonging and a window 
C'urtaine 



53 



In another Chamber 

Item one paire of Iron Andyrons fire- 
f hovell toiiges bellowes fnuffers one 
(low curtaine of Bristow ftiiffe & litlc 
peeces of the fame ftuffe w".' a litle Table 



fire- ^ 
; win- 



In the Garrett 

Item one bedfteed w"' a feather bedd & "^ 
furniture to it two halfe headed bed- 
fteeds w^^ flockbedds and bedclothes 
three Tables a prefs three Curtaines of 
darning two carpetts of Norw*^'.' ftuffe a 
paire of Andyrons fireshovell and tonges 
a paire of bellowes fower leather Cheyres 
and fower leather ftooles 

In the kitchin 

Item pewter and tynne vefsells 
Item vefsells of brafse & yron & other "I 
ymplements of the kitchin J 

In the hall. 

Item a fettle beadd w*'' a flockbedd and ^ 
bedclothes to it three ioyned ftooles a V 
firefhovell and tonges j 

Item Lumbar in and about the houfe 
Item in ready money remayning in the ^ 
hands of the Lord Cottington and S^ i 
W"? Af hton in truft for the vfe of fome J- iij 
of the younger children of the f*^ Lord 
Baltymore and difpofed of by his will 

Smmo totalis "I . 
hui-us Inveutarij J 



vr 



Vlll 



111/ 



ix™ vii'' xxiij'' 



54 



This copy is duly tested by Gilbert Dethick, Notary Public, 
1, tfeb. 1632-3. 



Tender of the First Year's Rent. 

[Indoi-sement] 23 Aprill 1G33. 

Coppy of my letter | to the Deputy Constable | of Windsor Castle 
when 1 1 sent my first rent | of 2 Indian Arrowes for | ]Mary Land. | 

by John Langford. 

By a late grant of a Territory or continent of land called Mary 
Land in America, passed vnto me vnder the greate scale of Eng- 
land I am to pay his Ma"* at every yeare on the Tuesday in 
Easter weeke at his castle of Windsor two Indian arrowes : as a 
yearely rent for the said Territory, w""" Arrowes I have accord- 
ingly sent by this bearer my seruant to be payd accordingly, 
and I desire yo"^ acquittance for the receipt of them 

so I rest Yo'' very louing freind. 



Receipt for the First Year's Rent, 

[Indorsement] 28 Aprill 1633 

being Tuesday in Easter w'eeke. 
A certificate of the tendring of my rent to the King at Wind- 
sor Castle for Mary Land : by the hands of John Langford. 

Tuesday the xxiii"* day of Aprill 1633 in the Ninth yeare of the 
raigne of o' Soveraigne Lord King Charles. 

INIenioraiul. that the day and yeare abouesaid the right honorable 
Cecill Lord Jialtimore hath tendred and left by the handes of his 
Seruant John Langford at and in the Castle of Windsor in the 
Countie of Berk Two Jndian Arrowes for one yeares rent due to 



Of J 

the Kinges Ma*'' this present day for a Territory or continent of 
land called Maryland in America granted by his Ma"' vnder the 
great Scale of England to the said Lord Baltimore vnder the 
yearlie rent aforesaid. Jn testimonie whereof we have herevnto 
subscribed the day and yeare abouesaid. 

W Thomas keep of his Ma"'" Wardrobe 

James Euelegh 

George Starkey 



CALENDAR 



THE CALVERT PAPERS 



PREPARED BY 



JOHN W. M. LEE. 



8 



ARRANGEMENT. 



A. MARYLAND. 

Pagb. 

I. Charter and Related Papers, ----- 61 

11. Colonization and Plantation, . - . . . 52 

III. Government: 

1. Proclamations, Orders, Commissions, &c., - - . 64 

2. Council Records, - - 71 

8. Assembly Records, ----_.. 72 

4. Laws, ---.74 

IV. Land Records, Grants, &c., ----- 76 
V. Court Records, Wills, &c., ------ 79 

VI. Account Books, -------- ^i 

VII. Indians, - 83 

VIII. Virginia, 83 

IX. Letters, - ----84 

B. BOUNDARY DISPUTES: DELAWARE AND 
PENNSYLVANIA. 

X. Lands on Delaware Peninsula, . - - . 93 

XI. Extracts from Records in England and America, - 97 
XII. Penn vs. Lord Baltimore: 

1. Court Proceedings, ------- 100 

2. Agreements, - - 105 

3. Appointment of Commissioners, - . - - 106 

4. Commissioners' Reports, 107 

5. Surveyor's Reports, 108 

6. Maps, 109 

7. Letters, 109 

8. Miscellaneous, - - - - - - - -111 

XIII. 0. AVALON. 113 

D. THE CALVERT FAMILY. 

XIV. Grants, Deeds and other Documents Relating to Land, 

&c., IN England. Parchment, - - - - 115 

XV. Personal Letters. 124 

XVI. Heraldic Documents, 126 

59 



CALKNOAR 

OF 

THE CALVERT PAPERS 



A. MARYLAND. 
I. 

The Charter ; and Related Papers. 

1632. June 12. The Charter. In Latin. 7 pp., fo. Two copies. 
Same. In English. 6 pp., fo. 

[Copies made about 1740.] 
22 James I. March 4. Exemplification of the Patent for the 

Barony of Baltimore. 
Questions and Opinions as to Lord Baltimore's title to the Province 

(Calvert and Eden). 
The Charter of Maryland, together \Yith the debates and proceed- 
ings of the Upper and Lower Houses of Asseml)ly in the 
years 1722, 1723, and 1724, relating to the Government and 
Judicature of the Province. Collected from the Journals 
and Published by order of the Lower House. 

Philadelphia. Printed and Sold by Andrew Bradford at 
the Bible in the Second Street, 1725. 

Sm.fo. Title, 10 pp.. Preface IV, and Proceedings, 64 pp. 

The Lord | Baltemore's | Case, | Concerning the Province of 

Maryland, I adjoyning to Virginia in ' America | with full 

61 



62 



and clear Answers to all material Objections, | touching his 
Rights, Jurisdictions, and ] Proceedings there. | And certaine 
Reasons of State, why the Parliament | should not impeach 
the same. | 
Unto which is also annexed, a true Copy of a Conimis|-sion 
from the late King's Eldest Son to Mr. AVilliam | Davenant, to 
dispossess the Lord Baltemore of | the said Province, because 
of his iV(lhe|-rence to this Common-Wealth. | 

London, | Printed in the Yeare 1653. 

Sm. 4o. Title. 20 pp. 
175L May 4. Case under the will of Charles, fifth Lord Balti- 
more. 3 pp., fo. 
1751. May 30. Another case under same. 7 pp., fo. 
1761. Jan. 31. Settlement of the Province of Maryland pursuant 
to Marriage Articles. 

[Another Copy. Parchment.] 
Notes on the INIarriage Settlement of Frederick, 
Lord Baltimore. 
1805. Mch. 15. John Clapham : Affidavit about quit-rents due 
Henrv Harford in 1774. 



II. 

Colonization and Plantation. 

1633. Nov. 13. Instructions of Lord Baltimore to the first emi- 
grants. 
[In the handwriting of Caecilius, Lord Baltimore.] 

1634-5. The Lord Baltimore's declaration to the Lords, 

about Molesters of the old Virginia Company. 

1649. July 2. Duplicate of his Lordship's last Conditions of 

Plantation. [On three sheets of parchment.] 

1650. Aug. 6. Declaration of Caecilius, Lord Baltimore. 

[Parchment.] 



63 



163? The Lord Baltimore's Declaration about his Patent 

and Molestors of the Old Virginia Company. 

16 ? Heads of Inquiry relating to Maryland by Com- 

missioners of Trade and Plantation to Lord 
Baltimore. Government of the Province. 
1664. Sep. 1. Copartnership between William Allen and Henry 
Sewall, for the manufacture of Muscovy Glass 
or Slade (Mica) in the Province of Maryland. 

[Parchment.] 
A Release of Maryland Land to uses. 

[Unexecuted. Parchment.] 

1690. ? Petition of Charles, Lord Baltimore, to the King 

for a confirmation of his grant, notwithstanding 

the words " hactenus inculto." 

1704. Queen Anne. Erection of Annapolis to a city. 

[Imperfect.] 

17 ? The several reasons assigned by the Assembly — 

the following answers w''*' occurred to me to 
make to the Reasons. Conditions of Plantation. 

1749. Petition of Charles, fifth Lord Baltimore, to House 

of Commons. Paper Bills of Credit. 

1753. Jan. Petition of Caecilius Calvert to Lords of the 

Treasury, asking return of arms and ammuni- 
tion furnished the expedition to Canada. 

1753. Aug. 23. Copy of the Proceedings of the Parochial Clergy of 
Maryland at a meeting at Annapolis. 18 pp., fo. 

1753. Oct. Account of what passed at a meeting of the 

Clergy at Annapolis. 14 pp., fo. 

1754. Jan. 5. Answer to Address of Clergy. 

1754. July 3. Capitulation granted by M. de Villier to the 
English troops in Fort Necessity. 

1758. July 12. Report of Commissioners of Trade on Petition of 
Assembly. Exportation of Corn. 

1758. Aug. 23. Letter from Wm. Sharpe, clerk of Privy Council, 
to Lord Baltimore accompanying same. 



64 



1757-1758. Muster Roll of Maryland Forces, Fort Frederick. 

Attested by Gov. Horatio Sharpe. 29 Sep. 1759. 
1757-1758. State of Accounts of David Ross, for sums due 

him on account of Maryland Forces. 
1758. Sep. 16-19. Answers to Queries published in the London 

Chnmicle. Tax on Lord Proprietor's Lands. 

1762. Answer to Remarks on the Upper and Lower 

Houses. 

1763. Nov. 17. Answers to Queries relating to the Police and 

Government of Maryland published in the 
Public Ledger. [Imperfect.] 

1764. An Account of the Paper Currency or Paper 

Bills of Credit that have been issued since 
Jan. 1749. 
The Right of the Inhabitants of Maryland to the Benefit of the 
English Laws. Annapolis, 1728. Sm. fo., 35 pp. 
Preface signed by D. Dulany. 

III. 
Government. 

Subsections: 1. Proclamations, Orders, Commissions, etc. 

2. Council Records. 

3. Assembly Records. 

4. Laws. 

1. Proclamations, Orders, Commissions, etc. 

1658-1681. Book of Presidents [Precedents]. Small folio. 32 
pages. 
Contents : 
1658. July 15. Commission to Samuel Telghman 

as Admiral. 
1681. Sep. 6. Commission to Judge Testament- 
ary to use coercive power. 



65 



1672. Nov. 20. Commission to Judge in Testa- 
mentary Cases. 
Oath of Governor. 
" " Chancellor. 
" " Councillor. 
" " Lord Proprietary's Secre- 
tary in Maryland. 

1657. Nov. 18. Proclamation and Oath of Sub- 

mission. 

1658. Aug. 12. Commission to Receiver General. 
" " " Instructions " " " 

1671. July 29. Charles Calvert, Governor, Com- 
mission to Philip Calvert upon 
the Governor's leaving for Eng- 
land. 
1660. June 24. Revocation of Fendall's Commis- 
sion. 
1660. " " Commission in event of death of 

Governor. 
1656. Nov. 10. Instructions to Receiver General. 
1660. Aug. 24. Proclamation to apprehend Fen- 

dall. 
1660. " " Proclamation excluding Gerard 

and Fendall from jjardon. 
1669/70. Mch.21. Instructions. 
1660. Sep. 16. Private orders. 
1660. June 21. Revocation of Fendall's Commission, [parchment.] 
1665/6. Feb. 16. Instructions to Charles Calvert, Governor, and the 

Council. 4 pp., folio. 

1665/6. Mch. 9. Same to same, about Acts to be passed. 4 pp., folio. 

1667. Oct. 30. Thelling's Orders. Cessation of Tobacco planting. 

1669. July 29. Commission left by Charles Calvert, Governor, on 

leaving for England, to Philip Calvert as 

Deputy Governor. [Parchment.] 

9 



66 



1669-1670. Instructions about Settlement of the Seaboard. 

Sm. folio. 7 pages. 
Contents : 
1669. July 28. To Charles Calvert, Governor. 
1669. Oct. 22, Council Proceedings on above. 
1669. Nov. 26. Letter from Jerome White to Col. 

Lovelace. 
1669/70. Mch. 20. Instructions to Charles Cal- 
vert, Governor. 
1674. June 1. Conditions of Plantation. 

1685. Aug. 10. James II. Instructions to Charles, Lord Baltimore. 

Navigation Act. Signed by the King. 
1715. George I. Instructions to Lord Guilford, guardian 

of Charles, fifth Lord Baltimore. 
Forms for entry and clearance of vessels. 
1722-1736. Instructions from Charles, Lord Baltimore. Sm. 

folio. 18 pages. 
Contents : 

1722. Dec. 5. To Nicholas Lowe. 

1723. Feb. 23. " same. 
1723. Sep. 27. " same. 

" same. 

" same. 



? ? 

9 V 



1728. Apl. 5. " same. 

1733. June 18. " M. Telghman. 
1735. Mch. 25. " B. Tasker. 
1735. May 26. " same. 
1735. Aug. 2. " same. 
1735. " " •' Ogle. 
1735. Dec. 15. " Tasker. 
1735/6. Mch. 18. " same. 
1728. June 19. Commission to Edward Henry Calvert as First 
Member of the Privy Council of Maryland. 

[Parchment.] 



67 

1729/30. Jan. Commissiou to Caecilius Calvert and Thomas 

Beake as Secretaries. 
1729-1750. Copies of Orders and Instructions of Charles, 

Lord Baltimore. Small folio. 118 pages. 
Contents : 
1729. Oct. 14. Caecilius Calvert's petition to the 
King on behalf of Charles, 
Lord Baltimore. 

1729. Dec. 18. Reportof Privy Council on above. 
1729. ? Petition of J. Henderson and 

other clergy. 
1729/30. Jan. 17. Memorial of Traders. 
1729/30. " " Petition of J. Henderson. 
1729/30. " 22. 

1729/30. "22. " of John Sharpe and 
other lawyers, and reply of 
Lord Baltimore. 
1729/30. " 30. Dissent to Act of Assembly. 
" " " Instructions to Governor. 

" " " Additional Instructions to 

Governor. 
1729/30. " " Instructions to Agent. 
" Mch. 9. Yoi'ke's opinion on Acts. 
? Answer to Clergy Address. 

1730. July 19. Instructions to Agent. 

1730. Nov. 18. Petition of Henderson. 

? " " Traders. 

1737. Aug. 18. Order of Council. 

1737. Oct. 12. Instructions to Ogle. 

1737. " " " " Tasker. 

1738. Mar. 28. Form for entering Tobacco free. 
1738. May 4. Agreement between Baltimore 

and Penn. 
1738. May 25. Order of King on above. • 



68 



1730/1. May 30. Answer to Assembly. 

" 29. Instructions to Governor. 
" " Additional Instructions to Gov- 
ernor. 
" " Letter to Clergy. 
" " " " Charles Calvert. 
" " Instructions to Agent. 
? " " Governor. 

1732. May 5. King's additional Instructions to 

Lord Baltimore. 
June 16. Commissioners of Trade to Ogle. 
1732/3. Feb. 23. William Jansen to Commis- 
sioners of Trade. 

1734. Aug. 10. Additional instructions to Ogle. 
1731. ? Form of patent for appointment 

of new Governor. 
1732/3 ? Form in French for admission of 
Palatines. 
? Form of appointment for Privy 
Councillor. 

1733. June 18. Orders to Surveyor General. 
" " Agent. 

" Ogle. 
June 14. Ordei-s to Jennings. 
" " " " Agent. 
" 15. Additional Orders to Agent. 

1735. Mch 25. Orders to Tasker. 
May 26. " " same. 

" " Instructions to Jennings. 



a n 




" Ogle. 


Aug. 2. 




" same. 


" 




" Tasker. 


Dec. 14. 




" Ogle. 


" " 




" Tasker. 


1735/6. Mch. 18. 




" same. 



69 



1736/7. Jan. 22. Opinion of Attorney General 
on nomination of Treasurer for 
Maryland. 

1735. Dec. 14. Answer to Assembly. 

1736/7. Jan. 10. " 

1733 ? Instructions to Keceiver General. 



1738. Dec. 15. 


(( 


" Ogle. 


(( (( u 


(f 


" Jennings, 


1738/9. Feb. 22. 


(( 


" Tasker. 


1740/1. Jan.? 


a 


" Ogle. 


1741. Aug. 12. 


" 


" same. 


(< a u 


(( 


" Tasker. 



1741. Dec. 23. Proclamation. 

1742. May 12. Speech to Assembly. 
1742. " " Proclamation. 

1742. " 28. Orders to Bladen. 
1742/3. Mch.24. " " same. 
1742/8. " " Proclamation. 

1743. Aug. 9. Orders to Bladen. 
1743. " " Answer to Upper House. 
1743. " " " " Assembly. 
1743. July 20. Proclamation. 

1743. Aug. 10. Answer to Assembly. 
1743. Dec. 2. Order to Bladen. 
1743. " 23. Proclamation. 
1743. " 23. Orders to Bladen. 

1745. Aug. 7. " " same. 
1746/7. Jan. 30. " " same. 
1746/7. Mch. 20. Proclamation. 

1746. Apl. 2. Orders. 

1746. Apl. 4. Schedule of Deeds and Papei-s in 
Hyde Case sent to Maryland. 
1746. July 6. Orders to Tasker. 
1747/8. Feb. 24. " " Land Office. 
1749/50. Feb. 6. " " Ogle. 



70 



1751- 


-1753. 




Instructious in Letter Book of Frederick, Lord 
Baltimore. 
As under : 

1752. May 10. Onslow and Sharpe, Guardians to 

Ogle. 
" '< " Same to Tasker. 
July S. Same to same. 
" " Same to same. 
1751. June 30. Same to Ogle. 

1753. Mch. 17. Frederick, Lord Baltimore, to 

Sharpe. 
" " " Same to same. 


1753. 


Mch. 




Form of Commission for Domestic Chaplain. 
Separate Instructions of Frederick, Lord Balti- 
more. 


1754. 


Jan. 


5. 


to Sharpe. 




" 


" 


" Lloyd. 




Apl. 


17. 


" same. 




(( 


<( 


" Sharpe. 




(( 


(( 


" Upper House. 




ti 


(( 


" LoAver House. 




Dec. 


10. 


" Sharpe. 




(( 


(( 


" Lloyd. 


1755. 


Sep. 


9. 


" Sharpe. 




Oct. 


27. 


" same. 




? 




" same. Rough draft. 


1756. 


Mch. 


9. 


" same. 




Dec. 


16. 


" same. 




<( 


(( 


" Lloyd. 


1757. 


Apl. 


31. 


" Mr. Beadnall. Letter. 


1758. 


Sep. 


30. 


" Assembly. 




Nov. 


27. 


" Sharpe. 


1759. 


Mch. 17. 


" same. 




" 


29. 


" William Perkins. Letter. 



71 



Jime 19. to Lords of Treasury. I^etter. 



1760. 


July 


8. 


" Sharpe. 






Oct. 


30. 


" same. 






Dec. 


20. 


" same. 
" same. 




4761. 


Aug. 




" same. 






Oct. 


8. 


" same. 






(( 


(( 


" same. 






(( 


<( 


" same. 




1762. 


June 16. 


" same. 




1765. 


Jan. 


16. 


" same. 




1765. 


li 




" same. 




1765. 


li 




" same and Council. 






<( 




" same. 


Rough draft 




i( 




" Sharpe. 






« 




" same. 






<( 




" same. 






Feb. 


7. 


" same. 






<( 


26. 


" same. 





? ? ? about repositories for Archives. Two copies. 

Hints to be submitted to his Lordship's perusal and consideration 
only and in order to frame proper instructions to his Governor. 
1751. Aug. 17. Appointment of Caecilius Calvert as Secretary 

for Maryland. 
1751. Sept. 1. Appointment of Edmund Jennings as Deputy 

Secretary of Maryland. 
1761. June 25. Bond of Daniel Dulany as Commissary General. 



2. Council Records. 

1638-1685. Extracts. Folio, 60 pages. 

1677. Apl.l3,June24. Sm. folio. 

1677. June 24. Seating the seaboard. 

1683/4. Mch. 12, 19. Planting Northern ])order. Fo., 4 pp. 



72 



1683/4. Mch. 22. 
1684. Oct. 3. 

1684. Nov. 5. 

1685. May 30. 
1685. June 1. 
1685/6. Mch. 4. 
1685. Apl. 10. 
1715. Sep. 3. 
1715-1716. Dec.-Feb 
1715. Apl. 23-25. 
1716/7. Jan. 11. 
1719. Sep. 10. 
1736. Oct. 21. 
1739. Aug. 1. 

1753. Dec. 19. 
1756. Nov. 13. 



Talbott's commission for taking Newcas- 
tle and instructions about settling the 
country. Folio, 4 pages. 

Treaty with Indians. Folio, 4 pages. 

Sm. folio. 30 pages. Council Seal. 
" 12 pages. 

" 16 pages. 

" 17 pages. 

Cresap affair. 
Sm. fo. 7 pages. 
" 2 pages. 

" 26 pages. 



1717. Apl. 22. 

1719. May 14. 

1720. Apl. 5. 

1721. July 19. 

1722. Oct. 10. 

1723. Sep. 23. 

1725. Oct. 16. 
1725/6. Mch. 15, 

1726. July 25. 

1727. Oct. 10. 
1729. July 19. 

1731. May 24. 
1732/3. :\Ich. 13. 



3. Assembly Records. 



Upper House Journals. 



152 pp. 
129 pp. 
128 pp. 
100 pp. 
59 i)p. 
167 pp. 
131 pp. 
35 pp. 
52 pp. 
30 pp. 
not paged, 

perfect. 
79 pp. 
71 pp. 



1733/4. Mch. 19 
1736. Apl. 10. 
1736. Apl. 20. 

1739. May 1. 

1740. Apl. 23. 
1740. July 7. 

1742. Sep. 21. 
1746. Mch. 29. 
1746. July 8. 

1746. Nov. 12. 

1747. May 16. 

1748. May 10. 
1751. May 15. 



10 pp. 
71 pp. 
49 pp. 
71pp. 
109 pp. 
not pag^ 



ged. 



perfect. 



65 pp, 
32 pp. 
40 pp. 
21pp. 
65 pp, 
69 pp. 
53 pp, 



73 



1751. 
1752. 
1754. 
1754. 
1754. 
1754. 
1755. 
1755. 
1756. 
1756. 
1757. 
1757. 
1758. 
1758. 



Dec. 7. 
June 3. 
Feb. 26. 
May 8. 
July 17. 
Dec. 12. 
Feb. 22. 
June23. 
Feb. 22. 
Sep. 14. 
Apl. 8. 
Sep. 28. 
Feb. 13. 
Mch.28. 



15 pp. 
38 pp. 

12 pp. 
35 pp. 

16 pp, 

13 pp. 
50 pp. 
20 pp. 
81 pp. 
45 pp. 
43 pp. 
69 
17 

v: 



pp. 



129 



pp. 
pp, 



1758. Oct. 23. 9 pp. 

1758. Nov. 22. 31 pp. 

1759. Apl. 4. 12 pp. 

1760. Mch.22. 36 pp. 

1760. Sep. 26. 23 pp. 

1761. Apl. 13. 34 pp. 

1762. Mch.l7. 131 pp. 
1758. Proceedings of both 

houses on the Supply 
Bill, with short intro- 
duction and opinion 
of the Atty. Genl. 
Large folio, pp. 32. 



Lower House Journals. 



1716. Apl. 22. 

1717. May 28. 

1718. Apl. 22. 

1719. May 14. 

1720. Apl. 5. 

1720. Oct. 11. 

1721. July 18. 
1721/2. Feb. 20. 

1722. Oct. 9. 

1723. Sep. 

1724. Oct. 6. 

1725. Oct. 6. 
1725/6. Mch. 15. 

10 



14 pp. 

not paged, per- 
fect. 
116 pp. 
162 pp. 

89 pp. 
61 pp. 

90 pp. 

not paged, per- 
fect. 

not paged, per- 
fect. 

pp. 1-5 miss- 
ing., 170pp. 

113 pp. 

108 + 13^ pp. 

not paged, per- 
fect. 



1726. 
1728. 
1729. 
1747. 
1749. 
1751. 
1752. 
1754. 
1754. 
1754. 
1755. 



July 12. 
Oct. 3. 
July 10. 
Dec. 22. 
May 24. 
Dec. 7. 
June 3. 
Feb. 24. 
May 8. 
Dec. 12. 
June 23. 



1756. Feb. 23. 

1756. Sep. 14. all after p. 106 



34 pp. 

172 pp. 

159 pp. 

19 pp. 

168 pp. 

31 pp. 

62 pp. 

64 pp. 

66 pp. 

34 pp. 

pp. 1-2, 95- 

100 and all 

after p. 102 

missing, 
all after p. 289 

missing. 



missing. 



'4 



1757. Apl. 8. 

1757. Sep. 28. 

1758. Feb. 13. 
1758. Mch.20. 

1758. Oct. 23. 

1760. Mch.23. 

1761. Apl. 13. 



140 pp. 

245 pp. 

44 pp. 

all after p. 249 

missing. 
43 pp. 
201 pp. 
119 pp. 



1762. Aug. 27. 207 pp. 197- 
204 missing. 

1739-1763. 30 Addresses from 
the Assembly to 
the Governor, 
Lord Proprie- 
tary and the 
King. 



Votes and Proceedings of the Lower House at the sessions of 
1752. June 3. 

2. two copies. 



1753. Oct. 

1754. May 8. 

1754. July 17. 

1755. Feb. 22. 

1757. Sep. 28. 

1758. Mar. 28. 
1760. Sep. 26. 
1763. Oct. 4. 



> printed. 



4. Laivs. 

1638/9-1739. Acts relating to support of government. 

[Attested copy, 1729.] 
Contents : 
1638/9. Mch. 19. Ordeining Certain Laws. 

1641. Mch. 28. Granting one subsyde. 

1642. July 30. Support of Government. 

1671. ]\Ich. 27. same and Lord 

Proprietary. 
1692. May 10. Annual Ilevenue. 

1699. Ascertaining Acts of the Province. 

1700. Apl. 4. Council, with order of Privy 

Council. — Laws. 
1704. Sep. 5. Annual Revenue. 



75 



1716. July 17. Gage of Tobacco hhds. 
1716. " " Disposition of Fine.s. 
1732. Sep. 29. Annual Revenue. 
1739. Council to King. 

1650. Aug. 6. Act assented unto by Lord Proprietary. 

Brought from Maryland in the troublesome times. 
[Five sheets of parchment.] 
1650-1G84. Acts. Sra. folio, 10 pages. 
Contents : 
1650. May. Purchasing Land from Indians. 
1671. Mch. Support of Lord Proprietary. 
1674. May. Gratitude to Charles, fifth Lord 

Baltimore. 
1676. May. Continuing the payment of 2 shil- 
lings per hhd. 
1684. Apl. 26. Council's declaration concerning 
the 2 shillings per hhd. 
1649-1692. Acts. Attested in 1759. 

Contents : 
1649. Apl. Levying war. 
1661, " Raising forces for defence. 

" " Repeal of Act for Customs. 

1692. June 7. " " " confirming Laws. 
Levying war. 
17. Repeal of Act for Customs. 
" Support of Government. 
" Port Duties. 

27 Acts. 
10. 28 Acts. 
1672. May 10. Annual Revenues. 

1676. Mch. 15. 21 Acts. [First and sixth leaf missing.] 

1686. Nov. 19. Acts. [Parchment book.] 

1688. Nov. 10 Acts. 



1649. 


Apl. 


1661. 




1664. 


Sept. 


1666. 


Apl. 



76 



1706. Apl. Act for advancement of trade and Proceedings 

of the Commissioners, July 15, 1706-Sept. 2, 

1707. 
1715. Apl. Body of Laws. 200 pages, sm. folio. 

1718. May 8. Settling bounds of several lots in Annapolis. 
1744. Raising 4d. per hhd. of Tobacco for Arms. Two 

copies. 
1747. May 16. Selling liquors and running horse races near 

Yearly Meeting of Quakers. 
1754. Feb. 26. Titles and observations on Acts passed. 
1754. July 24. Raising £6,000 for His Majesty's service. 
175 ? Second part of Act granting supply of £40,000. 

1762. Mch. Titles of Acts passed. 
178 ? To procure loan and Sale of Escheat Land and 

the Confiscation of British property. 



Laws in fox'ce to 1727. 
1732. July 11. 
1732/3. Mch. 13. 

1741. June 17 ] 
to V 

1742. Sep.-Oct. J 

1753. Oct. 

1754. Feb. 26. 
1763. Nov. 26. 



Sm. fo. sh., 1727. 
Session Laws, 
do. 

do. on separate sheets. 

do. 
do. 

do. 



official, 
printed. 



Address of Assembly to Gov. Sharpe, and his reply, Apl. 14-15, 

1761. Death of George II. Broadside, two copies. 
Petition of Jonas Green, about Printing, 1763. Broadside. 



1633-1657. 



IV. 

Land Records, Grants, &c. 

A note of all warrants for the Granting of Lands 
in Maryland. 6 pp., fo. 



77 



1634-1660. Grants of Land in Calvert, St. Mary's, Isle of 

Kent and Charles Counties. 113 pp., fo. 
1639. Nov. 5. Grant to Walter Notley. [Parchment.] 

1640/9. Feb. 12. Same to Abel Snow. do. 

1658. July 30. Order of Cecilius, Lord Baltimore, to restore the 
estate of William Nugent, Standard Bearer of 
the Province, to his widow. [Parchment.] 

1665. Apl. 5. Grant to Jane Sewall. do. 

1669. May 15. Sale of Eltonhead Manor, Calvert Co., to Charles 
Calvert. [Parchment.] 

Grant to George Thompson. do. 

After 1662. Extracts from the Land Records. 

Transcribed and attested Sep. 19, 1758. 
Contents : 
1674. July 13. Grant to Raymond Stapleford. 
1679. Dec. 24. Richard Meekin's Certificate. 

1679. Sep. 4. William Bourne's do. 
1683. Sep. 10. Grant to John Kemball. 
1663. May 27. Same to Francis Armstrong. 
1683. May 25. John Pollard's Certificate. 
1670. Sep. 1. Grant to Stephen Garey. 

1680. Apl. 19. Walter Jones' Certificate. 
1668. May 29. Three Grants to Thomas Taylor. 

1679. Sep. 17. Thomas Smithson, assignment of Land on Miles 
River to M. Morrison of London. 

[Parchment.] 
1681. July 1. Conveyance of St. Mary's Hill, St. Mary's Co., 
from William Boreman to Philip Calvert. 

[Parchment.] 
1684. Oct, 11. Purchase of Land by Charles, Lord Baltimore, 
from Thomas Smithson of Talbot Co. 

[Parchment.] 
1699. Oct. 16. Lease from Richard Bennett to Edward Somerset. 

[Parchment.] 



'8 



10W9. Oct. 21. Lease from Edward Somerset and Charles, Lord 
Baltimore, to Richard Bennett and James 
Heath. Lands in Maryland. [Parchment.] 

1701. Oct. 10. Grant to Charles Carroll of Land in Anne 
Arundel Co. [Parchment.] 

1721. Suit against Thomas Clark. Land in Prince 

George's Co. 

1721. Oct. 29. Deposition of E. Griffith. Land in Cecil Co. 

1722. Apl. 24. Certificate of Survey of Partner's Adventure. 
1722. Apl. 27, 29. Writs by Gov. Keith for apprehending Philip 

Syng. 

1722. May 28. Examination before Governor and Council in 
Philadelphia. Questions Athea P. Syng as to 
land in Maryland surveyed by him. 

1722. June 18. Gov. Keith's warrant to lay out land on Susque- 
hanna. 

1722. July 20. Bounds of manors in Cecil Co. 

1722. July 24. Same. 

? Petition of Inhabitants of New Munster, Cecil Co. 

Bounds. 

1729. Deed from Henry Darnall to John Hyde. Land 

in Prince George's Co. 

1731. Jan. 28. Patent of Land to Thomas Cresap [parchment], 
and various depositions relating thereto on 
paper. 

1739. Petition of Charles Carroll. Land in Anne 

Arundel Co. 

1744. Same of Minister of Shrewsbury Parish, Kent 

Co. Confirmation of Grant. 

1745. Feb. 18. Six documents relating to a tract of land in 

Prince George's County, in which Charles 
Lord Baltimore, Samuel, John and Herbert 
Hyde and others are interested. 

[Parchments.] 



79 



1754. Petition and other papers of Bennett Chew. 

Land at Tiu'key Point. 
17 ? Petition of Inhabitants of New Munster, Cecil 

Co. Confirmation of their Grant. 
? Affidavit of Moses Faudrie. Land case. 

1759. Sep. 28. Copy of Farmer's Bond for collecting Quit Rents. 
Forms of four warrants. 
Forms of Patent for Land as issued in Pennsyl- 
vania and Maryland. 
Same. Virginia and New York. 

1622. Feb. 20. Grant from the King of an annuity of £121 13s. 4d. 
to Sir George Calvert for eighty years, if George 
Calvert, Esq., his son, shall so long live. 

[Parchment, with Great Seal.] 

1627. Apl. 20. Grant from Charles I of a subsidy on Silk to 

George, Lord Baltimore. [Parchment.] 

V. 

Court Records, Wills, &c. 

1632. Apl. 14. Will of George Calvert, Lord Baltimore. 

[Parchment.] 

1632/3. Feb. 1. Inventory of goods and chattells of George Cal- 
vert, Lord Baltimore. [Parchment.] 

1635. Nov. 25. Grant by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 
to Caecilius, Lord Baltimore, of administration 
on the estate of his brother, Henry Calvert, 
who died abroad or at sea and unmarried. 

[Parchment.] 

1658. Divers proceedings in the Provincial Court. 8 

pages. 

168 ? Forms for the Provincial Court. 34 pages folio. 

1691. Nov. 26. Mrs. Jane Calvert's Deed of Trust for payment 
of debts. 



80 



1694. July 10. Post-Nuptial Settlement by the Hon. Edward 
Somerset on Anne, his wife, and daughter of 
Charles, Lord Baltimore. Signed by Somerset 
and Baltimore. [Parchment.] 

1698. Two Copies of last paragraph of will of James 

Murphy. 

1734. Case under the Act of 1704. Support of Gov- 

ernment. 

1718. Chancery Proceedings. Macnemara case. 

1719. Case of Officers' Fees. 

1721. Oct. 10. Provincial Court, Anne Arundel Co. 
1725. Apl. 13. Mrs. Jane Hyde's Jointure. [Parchment.] 

1728/9. Provincial Court. Nelson vs. Beale. 

1732. Apl. 22. Will of Benedict Leonard Calvert. [Parchment.] 
1736. Feb. 8. Duke of Beauford to Charles, Lord Baltimore 
and Caecilius Calvert, security for an annuity 
of £200, during life of Mrs. Brerewood. 

[Parchment, unexecuted.] 

1738. Aug. 5. Release from Mrs. Margaret Calvert to Charles, 

Lord Baltimore, of £1000 and of his annuity 
to her of £100. [Two copies on parchment and 
rough draft on paper.] 
? Case of Charles, Lord Baltimore, vs. Sir Abraham 

Janfsen (Baronet) for recovery of Lady Balti- 
more's portion of INIr. Theodore Janfsen's estate. 
Two copies. 

1739. Provincial Court. Daniel Dulany, Atty. Gen- 

eral, vs. Charles Carroll. Land case. 

1739. June 9. Case under the will of Hon. Benedict Leonard 

Calvert. 

1740. Sept. 19. Will of William Leman. [Parchment.] 
1745. Oct. 31. Declaration of trust of New South Sea stock held 

under the will of William Leman. 

[Parchment.] 



81 



1753. Statement as to ordinary Licenses in Maryland. 

1754. Nov. 16. Opinion on the Law of 1720. 

1754. Statement of the 2s. per lihd. duty to the Lord 

Proprietary. 41 pages, hirge folio. 
Same, another copy. ()5 pages, folio. 

1754. Mch. 27. Release from Cecilius Calvert and Thomas Bladen 

of sums due Frederick, Lord Baltimore, sisters. 

1755. May 6. Case Maryland Duty on Convicts. 

1756. Remarks on the Act made Feb. 23. Two copies. 

1757. May 24. Memorial of John Stewart to Lord Baltimore. 

Transportation of felons. 
1757. June 25. Act for his Majesty's Service of 1754. Henley's 
opinion. 5 pp., fo. 
? Case on two JNIaryland Acts. 

Testimony of convicted persons. 
Punishment of negroes. 3 pp., fo. 

1757/8. Remarks on the bill for supjDort of the Lord Pro- 

prietary. 6 pages, others missing ; two copies. 
1760. Oct. 13. Lord Proprietary vn. David Ross. Debt. 
1770. May 4. Marriage Articles of John Hyde and Hon. Jane 
Calvert. [Parchment.] 

1739-1759. Burton vs. Calvert. Land in Wiltshire. 44 papers. 

1748. Earl of Shelburne. Land in Wiltshire. 20 papers. 

1748. Sept. 26. Will of Robert Eden. [Parchment.] 

VI. 

Account Books and Related Papers. 

Land office accounts for 1735, 1736, 1748, 1751, 1752, 1754, 1755, 

1756, 1757, 1760, 1761. 11 volumes, small folio. 
Maurice Birchfield's account of Fees. 1714-1722. 
List of Bills Receivable. 1751-2-3. 

Account of the Commissioners of the Paper Currency. 1739. 
Account of Paper Currency issued since January, 1749. 
11 



82 



Comrs. of Paper Currency to Lord Baltimore. Aug. 16, 1746, 

Same to Trustees of Paper Currency. " " " 
The usual way of raising money in Maryland for Defence. 1744. 
Observations on the Defence bill. 1744. 
Naval officers' accounts. 16 papers. 175o-1761. 
Accounts of Quit Rents. 40 papers. 1753-1762. 
Seconds of thirty-nine bills of Exchange. 1767. 
Part of an account book of Benedict Leonard Calvert. 1727. 52 pp. 
Rent Rolls with the earliest and latest dates of the Land Grants 
in the different counties. 

Talbot, 1658-1722, and Queen Anne, 1640-1724. 

Calvert, 1651-1723, and Prince George's, 1650-1723. 

Somerset, 1663-1723, and Dorchester, 1659-1723. 

Kent, 1658-1724, and Cecil, 1658-1724. 

Anne Arundel, 1651-1718, and Baltimore, 1658-1723. 

5 volumes, thick small folio. 
Rent Rolls of 

Baltimore, 1700. 

Calvert, 1707. 

St. Mary's, 1707. 

Anne Arundel, 1707. 

Cecil, 1707. 

Dorchester, 1707. 

Kent, 1707. 



Talbot, 1707. 
Somerset, 1707. 
Charles, 1753. 
Calvert, 1753. 
Anne Arundel, 1755. 
Calvert, 1759. 
Charles, 1762. 

14 volumes, sm. folio. 



Debt Books of 

Prince George's, 1750 
Charles, 1750. 



Baltimore, 1750. 
Anne Arundel, 1750. 

4 voUimes, sm. folio. 
Accounts of the Lords Baltimore's Revenues for 1731, 1733, 1748, 
1752, 1753, 1754, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1758, 1759, 1760, 1761. 

13 volumes, small folio. 
Lord Baltimore's Receipt book. 1729-1750. 
Account of dividends on Lord Baltimore's stocks. 1757-1760. 



83 

Accounts of Henry Hooper, agent. 1773-1774. 
Schedule of the Estate of Frederick, Lord Baltimore. Proven 
May 27, 1783. Folio, 87 pages. 

vn. 

Indians. 

1677. May 22. Henry Coursey to Thomas Notley. Dehiware 

Indians. 
1677. July 20. Propositions made to the Onondagas at Albany 

by Col. H. Coursey and their answer. 
1677. July 21. Propositions made to the Maquas, and Sinnecoes, 

antl others, and their answers. 
1734. Dec. 12. Maquas Indian Letter to the King. Certified 

copy with Seal of Albany. 
1744. June 12. Edmund Jennings to Lord Baltimore in reference 

to treaty with the Six Nations. 
1744. June 30. Treaty with the Six Nations. Potomac and Sus- 
quehanna Lands. Three copies. 
1744. July 8. Edmund Jennings to Lord Baltimore in reference 

to the treaty. Two copies. 

VIII. 

Virginia. 

1623. Oct. 8. Privy Council. Virginia affairs. 

1634. July 22. King and Council to Gov. and Council, order to 
give Capt. W. Button Land on Appomattox, 

1634. Oct. 8. His Majesty's Letter to Richard Bennett, Gov. 
of Virginia, in behalf of Mr. Clobery, concern- 
ing the He of Kent. 

1651. Mch. 12. Articlesof agreement upon the surrender of Vir- 
ginia to the Parliament. 



84 



1(552. Jan. 27. Council of State to Richard Bennett in Virginia, 

about Lord Baltimore. 
1662. Mch. 23. Virginia Law concerning Indians. 
1667. Oct. 30. Order of Privy Council. Cessation of Tobacco 

planting. 
1686. Apl. 29. Trial of George Talbot for a murder committed 

in Maryland. Attested copy, Mch. 16, 1702/3, 

with Virginia Court Seal. 
1686. " " Same. Attested copy of 28 Jan. 1724, with Great 

Seal of Virginia. 

IX. 

Letters. 

1621. Oct. 21. John Mason to George Calvert. Salt making. 
1633. Apl. 23. Caecilius, Lord Baltimore, to the Constable of 
Windsor Castle, tendering two Indian arrow 
heads, his first year's rent for Maryland. 
1633-1765. Receipts from the Constable of Windsor Castle 

for the rent of Maryland. 

The years represented are 1633, 1634, 
1636, 1638, 1640-1643, 1655-1658, 1660- 
1663, 1671-1677, 1736, 1738-1740, 1743- 
1751, 1765. 
Thomas Smith's relation of his voyage when he 
was taken by the Marylanders. 
5. Henry Ewbank's relation of his being taken 

prisoner at Mattapany. 
3. Thomas Copley to Lord Baltimore. 
16. Thomas Cornwaleys to same. 
25. Kichard Kempe to same. 
25. Leonard Calvert to same. 
1638/9. Jan. 5. John Lewger to same. 



1635. 


Apl. ? 


1635. 


Apl. 


1638. 


Apl. 


1638. 


(( 


1638. 


« ( 


1638. 


« 1 



85 



1638/9. Jan. 5. Richard Kenipe to same. 

1638/9. Feb. 4. Same to same. 

1638/9. " 20. Thomas [Andrew] White to same. 

1642. Nov. 21-23, Lord Baltimore to Leonard Calvert. 

1664. Apl. 27. Charles Calvert to Lord Baltimore. 

1672. " 24-26. Same to same. 

1673. June 2. Same to same. 

1674. July 24. Same to Lord High Treasui'er. 

1679-1680. Part of a Letter Book of Charles Calvert, Gov- 

ernor, mostly on family affairs. Folio, 16 pp. 
Contents : 
1679. July 9. to ? 

" 10. to Mrs. Mary Darnall. 
" " to Elizabeth Calvert. 
" " to Richard Allibone. 
" " " to Nicholas Lowe. 
" 13. to same. 
" 15. to Mrs. Byard. 
" " " to Nicholas Lowe. 
" 14. to Dirck Burk. 
" " to Dunck. 
" " to Gilbert. 
" Nov. 24. to Dunck. 
" Dec. 30. to same. 
1679/80. Feb. 13. to same. 
" " 26. to same. 

Philemon Lloyd 

1719. July 18. to ? Land Laws. 
1722. " 19. to ? Copper Mines. 

" 28. to Copartners. Land office and Franklin. 
" 30. to ? Boundary. 
" Oct. 8. to Copartners. Same and Copper Mines. 
? ? to ? Land office. [Fragment.] 



86 



172!>. Oct. 26. Benedict Leonard Calvert to Charles, Lord 

Baltimore. 
1731/2. Jan. 10. Governor Ogle to .same. 
ITo-'). Aug. 28. Same to same. 
174!)/50. Feb. 12. Same to same. 

" " Charles, Lord Baltimore, to Benedict Calvert, 

Lloyd, Sharpe and others. Rough drafts. 

Governor Thomas Bladen 

1743/4. Jan. 22. to Lord Baltimore. 
1748/4. Feb. 3. to same. 
1743/4. " 18. to same. 
1744. June 27. to same. 
1744. Nov. 15. to same. 

Edmund Jennings 

1744. June 12. to Lord Baltimore. 

" July 8. to same. 

" Aug. 23. to same. 
28. to same. 

" Nov. 17. to John Browning. 

" " " to Lord Baltimore. 

" Dec. 3. to same. 

1746. Nov. Benedict Calvert to Lord Baltimore. 

1765. June 24. Same to same. Stamp Act. 

Daniel Dulany 

? to Governor? 

1743/4. Feb. 22. to Lord Baltimore. 
1744. June 11. to same. 

" " 14. to John Browning. 

" July 16. to Lord Baltimore. 

" to ? 
" Nov. 24. to Lord Baltimore. 



87 

1764. Sept. 10. to ? Criticism of Sharpe. 

V to Lord Baltimore. Pages 9-10 only. 

? ? 

Benjamin Tasker 

1743/4. Feb. 20. to Lord Baltimore. 
1744. June 4. to same. 
" to same. 

" " " to John Browning. 
16. to Lord Baltimore. 

" July 12. to same. 

" Sept. 17. to same. 

" Oct. 20. to same. 

" Nov. 20. to John Browning. 
" to Lord Baltimore. 

" " 22. to same. 

" Dec. 3. to John Browning. 

" " " to Lord Baltimore. 

" " 18. to John Browning. 
1744/5. Mch. 15. to Lord Baltimore. 
1755. Sept. 29. to John Browning? 
1760. Sept. 12. to Caecilius Calvert. 

? ? to ? 

Entry of Letters on several occasions from the Rt. Hon. Frederick, 
the Lord Proprietor of Maryland and Avalon. 
Also 
From the Hon. Caecilius Calvert, his Lordship's uncle, and Secre- 
tary for the affairs of the Province, 
and 
Orders and Listructions, &c., being dispatches to the Governor 
and the several officers and others in ]\[aryland. 

Begun September the 17th, 1751, pp. 199. Small fo. Vellum. 

1751. Sept. 17. Lord Jialtimore to Ogle. 
1751. Dec. 20. John Sharpe to same. 



88 



751. Dec. 20. John Sharpe to Jennings. 

751. " 24. C. Calvert to Ogle. 

751. " " Same to Jennings. 

751. " " 8anie to Tnsker. 

752. May 15. C. Calvert to Ogle. 
752. " " Same to Jennings. 
752. " " Same to Tasker. 
752. " " Same to John Ross. 

752. June 12. John Sliarpe to F. J. Paris. 

752. July 8. Onslow and Sliarpe to Tasker. 

752. " 9. C. Calvert to same. 

752. " " Same to same. 

752. " " Same to same. 

752. " " Same to same. 

752. " " Same to Jennings. 

752. " " Same to Darnall. 

752. " " Same to Young. 

752. " " Same to Steuart. 
752. " " Same to Benedict Calvert. 
752. " '' Same to Edward Lloyd. 
752. " " Same to David Graham. 
752. " " Same to John Ross. 

752. " 29. Guardians' petition to King about Boundary. 

752. Aug. 22. C. Calvert to Tasker. 
752. '■ " Same to Jennings. 

752. Sept. 14. Same to Rev. Thos. Bacon. 

752. July 28. Lord Baltimore to same. 

752. Sept. 14. C. Calvert to Tasker. 
752. " " Same to Jennings. 
752. " 25. Same to Dulany. 
752. " 80. Same to Tasker. 

752. Dec. 11. Same to same. 

752. Nov. 17. Report of Board of Trade on Petition of 
Guardians. Boundary. 



89 



1749/50. Feb. 28. Extract from Report of same. Account of 

expenses Canada expedition. 
1752. Dec. 11. C. Calvert to Jennings. 
1752. " " Same to Darnall. 
1752. " " Same to Geo. Stuart. 
1752. " " Same to Benedict Calvert. 

1752. " " Same to Edward Lloyd. 

1753. Feb. 16. Same to Tasker, 
1753. " " Same to Darnall. 

1753. Mch. 7. Lord Baltimore to the King. 

Appointment of Horatio Sharpe as Governor. 
1753. Mch. 17. Lord Baltimore. Speech to Assembly. 

? Frederick, Lord Baltimore, to ? Prejudice of 

Marylanders against him. 
1756. Dec. 21. Same to Sharpe. Revenue of Province. 
1765. Feb. 7. Same to same. Ordinary Licenses. 

Caecilius Calvert, Secretary, 

? to ? about Henderson. 

1754. Jan. 5. to Rev. Thomas Bacon, 
"to Sharpe. 

Dec. 10. to Lloyd. 
" " to Sharpe. 

1755. Jan. 12. to Sharpe. Two copies. 
Dec. 23. to same. 

1756. Mch. 9. to Lloyd. 

" to Sharpe. 
1758. Nov. 27. to Tasker. 

Enclosure, John Hyde to Hugh Hammersley, 
Sept. 14, 1758. 

1758. Nov. 27. to Sharpe. Imperfect. 

1759. Sept. 20. to Dulany. 

" Nov. 12. to Dr. Nichols. 

12 



90 



1759. 


Nov. 


17. 


to Hunt. 




<( 


(( 


18. 


to Young. 




(( 


« 


« 


to Tasker. Two, 




i( 


« 


<< 


to G. Steuart. 




<< 


(t 


(( 


to Benedict Calv 


ert. 


1760. 


Apl. 


5. 


to Tasker. 




1760. 


Nov. 


2. 


to same. 




1760. 


Dec. 


2. 


to Sharpe. 








20. 


to same. Imperfect. 


1761. 


Mch. 


17. 


to same. 




" 


Oct. 


8. 


to Rev. Thomas Bacon. Imperfect. 


" 


(( 


(( 


to Sharpe. 




1762. 


June 


29. 


to Lord Baltimoi 


•e. 


(( 


Aug. 


30. 


to same. 




i( 


Sept. 


28. 


to same. 




(( 


Oct. 

11 


5. 
15. 


to same, 
to same. 




<( 


(. 


28. 


to same. 




(( 


Nov. 


12. 


to same. 




<( 


Dec. 


24. 


to same. 




1763. 


Jan. 


18. 


to same. 




(( 


Aug. 


21. 


to same. 


Mason and Dixon start. 


(< 


Nov. 


18. 


to same. 


Rents. 


1764. 


Jan. 


10. 


to same. 


Rough draft. 


(( 


<( 


" 


to same. 


Full copy with additions, 


(( 


(( 


30. 


to same. 




'? 






to same. 


Imperfect. 


1764. 


Mch. 


28. 


to same. 


Imperfect. 


(( 


<( 


<( 


to same. 




(< 


June 


1. 


to same. 




(< 


July 


2. 


to same. 




1765. 


Jan. 


16-] 


Feb. 9. to Sharpe. 


Two. 


« 


Feb. 


26. 


to same. 




(( 


Fel). 


26. 


to Lhiyd. 





91 

1765. May 21. to Sharpe. 

? ? to Mr. Sharpe (John ?). 

Governor Horatio Sharpe 

1753. Sept. 14. to C. Calvert (extract). 

1754. Nov. 5. to ? 

1755. Oct. 22. to Lord Baltimore. 

1756. Mch. 8. to C. Calvert. 

1757. Dec. 26. to same. 

? ? Memorantla by Sharpe, Lloyd and others. Two 

copies. 

1758. July 9. to Lord Baltimore. 

1759. July 13. to C. Calvert. 

1760. Apl. 14. to Secretary Pitt. 
May 23. to Lord Baltimore. 

" 26. to C. Calvert. 

July 7. to same. 

Oct. 12. to same. 

Dec. 20. to Lord Baltimore. 

" 22. to C. Calvert. 

1761. Apl. 19. to same. 
May 5. to same. 

" 5, to Lord Baltimore. 
Oct. 22. to same. 

" to C. Calvert. 
Nov. 12. to Lord Baltimore. 

" 13. to C. Calvert. 

1762. May 11. to same. 





June 


21. 


to 


same. 






Sept. 


12. 


to 


same. 






<( 


25. 


to 


same. 


Two copies, 




Oct. 


11. 


to 


same. 






Nov. 


3. 


to 


same. 




1763. 


Apl. 


26. 


to 


same. 




1764. 


Aug. 


22. 


to 


same. 


Imperfect. 



92 

1765. July 10. to C. Calvert. 
1767. Mch. 11. to Lord Baltimore. 
June 15. to same. 

1755. Oct. 3. Richard Lloyd to B. Tasker. 

1756. May 9. John Sharpe to Lord Baltimore. 

1756. June 19. William Sharpe to ? 

1757. May 25. D. Wolsleaholnie and J. Ridout to Gov. Sharpe. 

1758. July 28. Benj. Young to C. Calvert. 
1758. Nov. 3. David Ross to Gov. Sharpe. 
1762. Sept. 16. Thomas Cresap to C. Calvert. 

Hugh Hammersley 

1760. June 28. to C. Calvert. 

1762. June 23. to Lord Baltimore. 

1763. Feb. 15. to same. 





(( 


25. 


to 


same. 






1764. 


Sept. 

? 

? 


11. 


to 
to 
to 


same, 
same, 
same. 

Ben 


inet 


Allen 


1765. 


May 


3. 


to Lord Baltimore. 


1767. 


Jan. 




to 


same. 








Feb. 




to 


same. 




Imperfect. 




June 


21. 


to 


same. 








Aug. 


27. 


to 


same. 








Sept. 


3. 


to 


same. 








y 




to 


same. 




A Poem. 




y 




to 


same. 




A Postscript, 



1762. June 12. Capel Hanbury to ? 
1764. Mch. 26. C. and O. Hanbury to ? 
1764. Aug. 13. J. Ridout to ? 



93 



1765. Aug. 25. J, M. Jordan to Lord Baltimore. 
? ? Same to same. Imperfect. 



B. BOUNDARY DISPUTES; DELAWARE AND 
PENNSYLVANIA. 

X. 

Lands on the Delaware Peninsula. 

1629-1674. Translations, Notes and Extracts taken from the 

Dutch Records of New York. 1753. Mr. 

Jacob Goelet, Interpreter. By Lewis Evans. 

Relating to Grants on Delaware and various 

Maryland affairs, attested before Gov. Delancey 

by Goelet and Evans. Sm. 4o., half calf, pp. 176. 

[Great Seal of New York attached.] 

1641. Mch. 12. Copy of exemplification of grant by Charles II 

to Duke of York. 4 pp., fo. 
1660. Apl. 8. Grant by Charles II to Duke of York of town of 

Newcastle. 23 pp., fo. 
1664-1675. Insjieximus of New York Records; Boundaries 

of neighboring colonies ; Nicholls' Commission ; 

Duke of York's Grant ; and other documents 

relating to settlements on Delaware. July 29, 

1740. 

[Great Seal of New York. Parchment.] 
1664. Apl. 2-26. Same. Duke of York's grant ; Commission of 

Nicholls. Oct. 17, 1735. 

[Great Seal of New York. Parchment.] 
Same. Another copy. Oct. 20, 1735. 
1664. June 24. Copy of part of Deed from Duke of York to 

Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. No. 2. 

2 pp., fo. 



94 



16G4. July 22-Oct. 1. Inspexiiuus of New York Recoi'ds ; Letter 
from Gov. Winthrop of Conn, to Gov. Nicliolls, 
and otlier documents relating to Dutch on 
Delaware. Oct. 20, 1735. [Parchment.] 

1G68. June 16. Exeniplitication of a grant on west side Delaware 
Bay to Isaac Holme and others. Aug. 18, 1735. 

[Parchment.] 
1671. May 1. Confirmation of grant from Col. Lovelace to 
Simeon Brent. Land on west side Delaware 
Bay. 3 pp., fo. 
Same. 2 pp., fo. 
1671-73. Extracts from the Registry Books kept by James 

Weedon and Francis Jenkins, surveyors of land 
on the seaside and Delaware Bay. 22pp.,fo. 
1671-73. Grants of Land on or near Delaware. Copy 

made about 1750. Sm. fo. 
Contents : 
1671. July 15. Daniel Brown. On Seaboard. 

1671. " " John Collison. same. 
1670/1. Jan, 30. John Rhodeson. same. 
1674/5. Mch. 22. Lord Proprietor. Manor in 

Somerset. 
1671/2. Feb. 4. Randall Revell. Indian Neck. 
1673/4. Mch. 17. Lord Proprietor. Manor of 

Somerset. 
1671/2. Feb. 10. Robert Catlin. Near Indian 

Neck. 
1671/2. " 13. same same. 

l()71/2. Feb. William Thompson. Island Creek 

— Rehoboth Bay. 

1672. May 21. John White. Montmore. 
1672. " 8. Andrew Gundry. Gundry's De- 
light. 

1672. " 10. Charles Prouse. Prouse's Re- 
covery, 



95 

1672. May 10. George Sealy. Sealy's Delight. 
1(>72. " " John Boteler. Newington Green. 
1672. " 11. William Coulter. Cheive Chase. 
1672. " " Mathew Wilson. Nottingham. 
1672. " " William Winsmore. Pipe Elm. 
1672. " 14. William Prentice. Prentice's 2d 

Choice. 
1672. « 22. Daniel Browne. Charing Cross. 
1672. " 17. Richard Patee. Seiuse. 
1672. " 15. Kichard Kemball. Partner's 

Choice. 
1672. " 12. Henry Smith. Kodder. 

1672. " 16. same. Porshows. 

1673. Aug. 1. Robert Ridgely. Friend's Choice. 
1672-1686. Extracts or Copys of Severall Grants or Pattents 

of Land recorded in the Land Record Books 
of the Province of Maryland. Exhibitt No. 4. 

9 ])p., ft). 
Contents : 

1672. Nov. 10. Liber W. C. No. 2, fo. 176. 

1682. " 17. same. No. 5, fo. 336. 

1672. 

1682. Nov. 17. same. No. 5, fo. 335. 
1684. Apl. 5. same. No. 4, fo. 139. 
1686. May 10. 

1675. Sept. 23. Payment made to Indians for Land on west side 

Delaware. 1 p., fo. 
1682-8. Grants of Land on or near Delaware. Copy 

made about 1750. pp., fo. 

Contents : 

1683. June 28. Col. Vincent Lowe. Talbot Co. 

Col. Talbot. New Ireland, Cecil 
Co. 
1682. June 12. John Steven.s. Durham Co. 



96 



1684. Apl. 5. John Stevens. Durham Co. 
1684. " 25. Ephraim Hermann. St. Augus- 
tine Manor. 
" " same. same. 

1687. Sept. 20. Richard Pattey. Somerset Co. 

1688. June 12. same. same. 

1688. July 22. Robert Ridgely. On Delaware. 
1683. Nov. 29. Edward Dwyro. New Ireland, 

Cecil Co. 
1683. j\Iay 10. same. same. 

1683. Aug. 29. same. New Munster, 

Cecil Co. 
1683. May 10. same. same. 

1683. Sept. 29. same. New Ireland, 

Cecil Co. 
1686. May 10. Thomas Casey. same. 

Col. Talbot. Cowe Creek, Cecil 
Co. 

same. Izembergh , same. 

1682. Aug. 20. Copy Duke of York's grant to AVilliam Penn of 
Newcastle and twelve miles around. Fo., two 
copies. 

1682. Aug. 24. Exemplification of Duke of York's grant of New- 

castle, the twelve mile circle and land south of 
Newcastle to William Penn. From the New 
York Records, Oct. 17, 1735. 

[Great Seal of New York. Parchment.] 
Same. Another copy made Oct. 20, 1735. 

1683. Talbot's Connnission and Demands, etc. 7 pp., fo. 

Contents : 
1683. Sept. 17. Talbot's commission from Lord 
Baltimore to demand all land 
on west side Delaware below 
40° from William Penn. 



97 



1683. Sept. 24. Talbot's Demand of X. Moore. 
" Oct. 31. AnanswertoadeuiaudmadetoN, 
Moore, Penn's Deputy. Con- 
siderations upon the answer. 
1683. Copies of warrants for land on Dela\vare Bay. 

1685. Nov. 1. Order in Council. Division of the Peninsula. 
1685. Nov. 18. Order of Privy Council dividing the Peninsula. 

1716. May 16. Attainder of Col. Robert Talbot, of Hexham. 

Order to seize his Real and Personal Estate in 
Cecil and Talbot Counties. Attested Copy, 
Sept. 27, 1759. 

1717. Oct. 21. Petition of Earl of Sutherland to King for grant 

of the Three Lower Counties. 6 pp., fo. 
same. 10 pp., fo. 

1725. Jan. 6. Appointment of meeting. Earl of Sutherland's 
petition. 

1753. Oct. 20. Lewis Evans to Gov. Sharpe, with a Summary of 
the Dutch Records of New York, with a maj) 
showing distribution of Land under agreement 
of 1732. 12 pp., 4o. 

1756. Apl. 16. Report of Board of Trade on petition of Caleb 
Evans praying a grant of all Islands in Dela- 
ware River and Bay. 

XL 

Extracts from Records in England and America. 

Extracts from Council Records. Large folio, pp. 5-28, 33-44. 
Contents : 

1659. Oct. 7. Liber H. H., pages 44-59. 

1661. May 13. same. 97-99. 

1661. " 21. same. 108. 

1661. July 1. same. 110-112. 

1661. Sept. 19. same. 117-119. 

13 



98 



1669. 


Oct. 22. 


B. 


pages 16-17. 


1670. 


Sept. 19. 


C. B. 


35-36. 


1671. 


Dec. 6. 






1672. 




C. B. 


110-113. 


1683. 


Mch. 12. 


R. R. 


59, 63. 


1683. 


" 22. 


same. 


72, 76. 


1684. 


Aug. 7. 


same. 


118-119. 


1684. 


Oct. 4. 


same. 


123. 


1684. 


Nov. 5. 


same. 


144. 


1685. 


May 30. 


same. 


230-231, 


1685. 


June 1. 


same. 


235-236, 


1685y 


'6. I\[ch. 5. 


same. 





Extracts from Council Records. Sm. fo., pp. 62. Copy made 
about 1726. 
Contents : 
1659. Aug. 3, Oct. 6-9. Liber H. H., pages 42-59. 
1661. May 21, July 1. same. 97, 108, 110, 113. 

1669. July 8, Oct. 22. K. K. 3, 4, 6, 7, 14, 15. 
1673. Oct. 1. R.R., parti. 20. 

1677. June 24. same. 122. 

1683/4. Mch. 12, 19. R. R., part 2, 59, 63, 72, 73, 75. 

1684. Apl. 5. same. 79. 

1684. May 12. C. B., No. 1. 86, 88. 

1684. Oct. 3, Nov. 5. R. R. part 2. 115-118, 121- 

123, 142-144. 

1685. May 30, June 1. same. 203,225,232,235, 

236. 
1685/6. JNIch. 5. same. 314, 317. 

1650. May. Act Purchasing Lands from Indians, 

W. H., 116-117. 
Hermann's Patent, C.B., No. 1 , 59-65. 

1670. Dec. 23, 24. C. B. pages 40. 
1672. June 19, 20. same. 110, 106. 



99 



1672. July 11, 12. C. B. pages 11.3, 115. 

1672. Dec. 16, 18. same. 118, 119. 

Cojiies of papers from the Plantation office. About Penn's Grant, 
Transcribed in 1735. Sm. fo., pp. 28. 

Contents : 
1680. June 14. Council to INIr. John Wcrden. 

Werden to Council. 
1680. June 23. " to Blaithwayt. 
1680. " " Barnaby Dunck and Richard Burk to Wer- 
den. 
1680. Oct. 16. AVerden to Blaithwayt. 
1680. Nov. 6. Council to Attorney General. 
1680. Nov. 18. Blaithwayt to Lord Baltimore's Agent. 
1680. " 20. Werden to Blaithwayt. 
1680. " 20. same to same. 

1680. Dec. 16. Council Summons to Lord Baltimore's agent. 
? Penn's Boundary settled by Lord Chamber- 
lain. 

? Attorney General to Lords of Trade. 

1681. Feb. 24. Report of Mr. Penn's patent. 

Proceedings before Committee of Trade. 

1683, Apl. 17, 27 ; May 30 ; June 12. 1683/4, Feb. 12 ; July 2 ; 
July 16, 23 ; Sept. 30 ; Dec. 9. 1684/5, INIch. 17 ; Aug. 18, 
26 ; Sept. 2 ; Oct. 8, 30 ; Nov. 7. 

Privy Council. 

1680, June 14, 25 ; Nov. 1 ; Nov. 11 ; Dec. 16. 1680/1, Jan. 15, 

22 ; Feb. 24. 
1682. Aug. 1. Copy Duke of York's Grant of Pennsylvania to 

Penn. 
1633. July 3. Privy Council on Remonstrance of Virginia 

against Lord Baltimore's patent. 
1638. Apl. 4. Privy Council on Claiborne's petition. 



100 

XIT. 
Penn vs. Lord Baltimore. 

Subsections: 1. Court Proceedings. 

2. Agreements. 

3. Appointment of Commissioners. 

4. Commissioners' Reports. 

5. Surveyors' Reports. 

6. Maps. 

7. Letters. 

8. Miscellaneous. 

1. Court Proceedings. 

1743. June 9. Defendant's interrogatories to prove copy of Order 
on Claiborne's claim in 1638, with the nature 
and authority of the book in which that order 
is entered, also a copy of the order of Council 
in 1696. 3 pp., fo. 

1743. June 9. Before Lord Chancellor about Orders of Apl. 4, 
1638, and July 7, 1696. 1 p., fo. 

1743. July 15. Agreement of Solicitors to enlarge time for taking 
testimony. 1 p., fo. Two copies. 

1743. July 19. Order of Master of the Rolls to enlarge time of 
publication. 4 ])p., fo. 

1743. Oct. 26. Notes taken on a former hearing in 1743. 3 pp., 
fo. Three copies. 

1747. May 14. Penn's Bill. 66 pp., fo. 

1747. Nov. 7. Answers of Charles, Lord Baltimore, to the Bill. 
Revivor and Supplemental Bill of Penn's. 4pp., fo. 

1747. ? List of Evidence for Plaintiff. 12 pp., fo. 

1747. ? Proofs for Defendant. Pp. 83-110. 

1747. ? Abstract of Exhibits for Defendant. Nos. 1, 2, 

3, 4, 6, 7, 7, 9. 14 pp., fo. 

1747. ? Depositions on Plaintiff's part. P]). 44-110. 

same. Four imperfect copies. 



i: 
1' 
1' 


142. 
J42. 
742. 


July 
? 

? 


13, 


i: 


J4S. 


June 


6. 



101 



1740. Oct. 20. Attested copy of Deed from William Peun to 
William Standly for five thousand acres in 
Pennsylvania. May 4, 1682. No. 3. 4i)p.,fo. 

1742. June 17. Publication to be further enlarged for a month. 

1 p., fo. 
same, for three weeks. lp.,fo. 

Affidavits of F. J. Paris about postponements. 

Defendant's instructions. 10 pp., fo. 

Affidavit of F. J. Paris to be added to above. 

2 p})., fo. Three copies. 

1743. ? State of the case between Baltimore and Penn as 

found among his Lordship's papers. 4 pp., fo. 
Six copies. 
1743. ? Notes of the Argument made use of by the Lord 

Chancellor on the former hearing in 1743, with 
a copy of Gov. Ogle's letter of Dec. 1, 1750. 

3 pp., fo. 

1743. June 2. Affidavits of John Sharpe and Hugh Hammersley 
about finding the order of April 4, 1638, on Clai- 
borne's Petition. 9 pp., fo. 
? Defendant's interrogatories to prove copy of order 

made on Claiborne's claim in 1638. 10 pp., fo. 

1743. June 3. Affidavit of W. Rowlandson as to the delivery of 
Notice of Motion. 1 p., fo. 

1743. June 9. Breviate of additional depositions taken under 
the order of 9 June, 1743, with a copy of the 
Articles. No. 4. 14 pp., fo. Six coi)ies. 

1699. Petition of Charles, Lord Baltimore, to the Queen 

against Order of 7 Nov., 1685. No. 4. 4 pp., fo. 

1699. Same. With letter from the King to Lord Bal- 

timore reciting grant made to Penn, and, 

1681. 2 mo. 10th. Letter from William Penn to Lord Baltimore. 

1699. ? Petition of William Penn to the (^ueen, offers to 

carry out former iiistrnctions of 1683-4-5, with 
Letters of 



102 



1677. Aug. 24. William Pojjple to William Penn. 

1678. Aug. 20. Nicholson to Lords of Trade. 

1697. June 10. [Title of] Address of Council of Maryland to ? 

1697. Sept. 1. William Penn to Markham. 

1697. Sept. 2. Lords of Trade to Nicholson. 

1699. Sept. 20. same to Blackiston. 

1735. June 21. Brief, Bill and Answer for Defendant [Baltimore]. 

43 pp., fo. Six copies. 
1735. ? Case of the Defendant. 15 pp., fo. Three copies, 

same, with memoranda. Two copies. 

1735. Oct. 9. Brief on part of Plaintiffs [Penns]. 7 pp., fo. 

same. 3 pp., fo. 

? Petition of Charles, Lord Baltimore, to the King^ 

2 pp., fo. 

1735. ? Memoranda of Evidence read for the Plaintiff. 

3 2)p., fo. Five copies. 

1748. Feb. 21. Defendant's instructions to oppose notice of motion. 

8 pp., fo. 

1749. Depositions on Plaintiffs. 45 pp., fo. 

1749. Jan. 10. Notice to Defendant of an examination of wit- 
nesses. 1 p., fo. Two copies. 

1749. Feb. 26. Petition of Lord Baltimore to Lord Chancellor 
to hear cause, with Lord Chancellor's order. 
1 p., fo. 

1749. Instructions to move on petition of Feb. 26. 2 pp., 

fo. Three copies. 

1750. ? Additional Brief of Penn. 4 pp., fo. 

1750. State of the amendments made by Plaintiffs to 

their Bill since argument of Defendant's plea. 
No. 8. 15 pp., fo. Two copies. 

1750. May 7. Further evidence of Plaintiffs. 3 pp., fo. 

1750. May 15. Notes of Lord Chancellor on pronouncing his 
decree. No. 13. 7 pp., fo. Three copies. 

1750. May 30. Breviate Supplemental Bill and Answer and 



103 



Proceedings subsequent thereto. No. 3. 11 
pp., fo. Three copies. 

1750/1. Mch. 16. Petition of Penn on the Decree. 5 pp., fo. 
Two copies. 

1750/1. Mch. 19. Affidavit of F. J. Paris about Commission un- 
der the Decree. 17 pp., fo. 

1751. Mch. 27. Petition of Solicitor of Baltimore on same. 2 pp., 
fo. 

1751. Mch. 29. Order of Lord Chancellor. Circle round New- 
castle. 26 pp., fo. 

1751. Mch. 29. same. same. 1 p., fo. 

1751. Apl. Petition of Penn to the King. 3 pp., fo. 

1752. Petition of Lord Baltimore, to oblige Penn to join 

in ascertaining the Boundary. No. 5. 3 pp., fo. 
1752. Mch. 22. Affidavits of John Browning and Hugh Ham- 

mersley. 4 pp., fo. Three copies. 
1752. June 30. Penn. Petition about Commissioners. 3 pp., fo. 

1752. Nov. Brief on two Petitions (one of Baltimore, the 

other of Penn) to the King. For the Defen- 
dant in support of their petition. 22 pp., fo. 
Four copies. 

1753. Petition of Penn to have the line run under the 

Decree. 3 pp., fo. 
1753. Mch. 22. Instructions to oppose petition of Penn. 14 pp., 

fo. Two copies. 
1753. May 1. Instructions for a conference with the Speaker. 

1 p., fo. 
1753. May 4. Instructions to attend a Conference at the Speak- 
er's on the two petitions. 1 p., fo. Two copies. 
1753. June 21, Further instructions in the affiiir of Penn and 

Baltimore. For the petitioner Baltimore. 6 pp., 

fo. Two copies. 
1753. Nov. 28. Petition of Penn to the King to have line run 

under the Decree; recites agreement of 1732 



1U4 



and Decree of 1750; asks for Commissioners 
to define Boundary. 6 pp., fo. 
same. 3 pp., fo. 

1754. Mch. 25. Case of Frederick, Lord Baltimore. 9 pp., fo. 

1754. Jan. 21. Petition of Frederick, Lord Baltimore, to House 
of Commons on his claims. Sm. fo., printed. 

1754. Nov. 8. Penn's Bill. 637 pp., fo. 

same. 48 pp., fo. 

1755. Mch. 17. Notice to attend Conference at Mr. Henley's. 

1 p., fo. 

1755. May 7. Plea on behalf of Lord Baltimore. 45 pp., fo. 

Two copies. 
1755. July 21. Instructions to move amendments to original bill. 

2 pp., fo. 

175(i. Aug. 14. F. J. Paris's paper on East and West line and 
Lord Baltimore's answer. 1 p., fo. 

1757. ? Short hints as drawn up by Lord Baltimore's 

Solicitor for better consideration of the instru- 
ment of confirmation prepared and tendered by 
the Solicitor of the Penns. 8 pp., fo. Three 
copies. 

1759. May 29, Heads of matters agreed upon between Counsel 

on both sides. 1 p., fo. 

1760. ? Penn's Bill. 219 pp., fo. 

1761. Brief for Defendant. 21 pp., fo. Two copies. 

1761. July 23. Attorney General's and Solicitor General's opinion 

on the Agreement. 11 pp., fo. 

1762. ? Answer of Lord Baltimore to Bill of Com- 

plaint of Penns. Indenture of 1760. 2 

pp., fo. 
1762. Feb. 2. Brief for Defendant. 21 pj)., fo. Three copies. 
1768. Aug. 20. Report of Attorney General and Solicitor General 

on Petitions of Lord Baltimore and JNIessi-s. 

Penn. 



105 



After 1760. Copy Bill in Chancery as prepared by the Attor- 
ney of the Penns and approved and signed by 
the Solicitor General, intended to be filed. 
3 pp., fo. 

After 1730. Lord Baltimore's case, with opinion of jNIr. Wil- 
braham and Mr. Jodrell. 4 pp., fo. 
? Petition of the Penns to the King with answers 

thei-eto. 12 pp., fo. Two copies. 
? Copy of Mr. Browne's notes for his intended 

argument. 19 pp., fo. Two copies. 

1736/7. Lancaster Co., Pa. Trials of Disturbers of the 

Peace. 7 pp., fo. 

2. AgreemenU. 

1732. May 10. Articles of Agreement, with copy of M88. map 

annexed. 6 pp., fo. 

same. without map. 6 i)p., fo. 

same. same. 3 pj)., fo. 

1733. Printed Title page of and the Penn Map to Agree- 

ment of 1732. Sm. fo. 

1732. ? Observations for Lord Baltimore on the Agree- 

ment as now adjusted and on Mr. Wilmot's 
proposed alteration thereon. 5 pp., fo. 

1750. Mch. 16. Depositions in regard to the Agreement of 1732. 
15 pp., fo. 

1750. May 15. Lord Chancellor's decree on Articles of 1732. 
2 pp., fo. 

1750. same. 11 pp., fo. 

1750. Draft of Indenture. 28 pp., fo. 

1750. June 26. Penn's Solicitors' proposed alterations. 2 pp., fo. 

1756. Draft of Indenture. 26 pp., fo. 

1756-7. Draft of Indenture as originally prepared by the 

Penns, with the several alterations proposed 

14 



106 

therein by Lord Baltimore's Counsel. No. 1. 

27 pp., fo. 

.same. 28 pp., fo. 

17")7. Aug. 8. Draft of Agreement, with Penn's Solicitors' 

amendments to and alterations, and Letter of 

F. J. Paris. 3 pp., fo. 
17r)7. Aug. 8. Same, with some short answers thereto. Nos. 2-3. 

5 pp., fo. 
1759. May 28. Heads for a conference between Attorney General 

and Solicitor General for final settlement of 

intended agreement. 2 pp., fo. 

1759. May 29. Heads of matters agreed upon between Coun- 

sel. 1 p. 

1760. June. Draft of Agreement. 33 pp., fo. 

1760. Observations on the Draft prepared by the Penns. 

1760. July 4. Agreement. 21 pp., fo. 

same, with map in margin. Two copies. 

[Parchment.] 

1760. July 5. Penn's release to Lord Baltimore of past costs and 

damages. [Parchment.] 

1761. July 23. Attorney General's and Solicitor General's opinion 

on the Agreement. 1 page, fo. 

1762. Aug. 2. Petition to confirm Agreement. 36 pp., fo. 
1768. Aug. 20. Report of Attorney General on the various Agree- 
ments and Indentures. 2 pp., fo. 

3. Appointment of Commissioners. 

Lord Baltimore's. 

1750. June 28. Draft of Commission. 5 pp., fo. 

1750. June 20. Alterations on above proposed by Penns. 3pp.,fo. 

1750. June 28. Commission, full copy. [Parchment.] 

1760. July 5. Same. Map in margin. Two copies. do. 

1761. Apl. 30. Commission enlarging time. Two copies, do. 



107 



1763. July 4. First draft of request to Governor to assist Mason 

and Dixon, with loose memoranda. 3 pp., fo. 

Same, with memoranda incorporated. 3 pp., fo. 



1763. 


Aug. 


4. 


same. 




[Parchment.] 


1763. 


Feb. 


9. 


Commission enlarging time. 


Draft. 5 pp., fo. 


1763. 


Feb. 


15. 


same. 
same. 






Draft. 

[Parchment.] 


176-4. 


June 


2. 


same. 




Draft altered to Nov., 1765. 


1765. 


Dee. 


14. 


same. 






[Parchment.] 


1766. 


Nov. 


1. 


same. 






do. 


1767. 


Nov. 


2. 


same, 
same. 






Draft. 

[Parchment.] 



1750. June 30. Draft of Commission. 5 pp., fo. 

1763. Feb. 15. Commission to enlarge time. [Parchment.] 

1763. July 4. Request to Governor to assist Mason and Dixon. 

Draft. 3 pp., fo. 

1764. Aug. 4, same. [Parchment.] 

1764. June 2. Commission enlarging time. do, 

1765. Nov. 28. Same. Part missing. do. 

1766. Nov. 1. Same. do. 

1767. Nov. 2. Same. do. 
1763. Aug. 4. Baltimore and the Penns' Agreement with Mason 

and Dixon. Close copy. 4 pp., fo. 
Same with colored wood-cut, 1732. INIap in mar- 
gin. [Parchment.] 

4. Commissioners' Reports. 

1732-1733. Copys of several papers exchanged and delivered 
between the Commissioners appointed for exe- 
cuting the Articles of Agreement between the 
Proprietarys of Maryland and Pennsylvania. 
No. 8. 24 pp., large fo. 
Another copy called "A State of the Commission- 
ers' Proceedings." 80 pp., folio. 



108 



1750. State of the Commissioners' Proceedings under 

the decree of 1750. 12 pp., fo. 

1750. Nov. 15-24. Proceedings of the Joint Commissioners. At- 

tested copy. 23 pp., sm. fo. 

1751. Apl. 22-June 17. Same. 9 pp., fo. 

1751. Apl. 22-29. Same. Attested copy. 20 pp., fo. 

1760. Sept. 19-Nov. 18. Same. Maryland Commissioners. 12pp., 

sm. fo. 
1760. Nov. 19-Dec. 11. Same. Joint do 16pix, fo. 

1760. Dec. 11-18. Same. Maryland do 2 pp., fo. 

1761. Mch. 25-June 25. Same. Joint. 10 pp., fo. 
1761-1762. Oct. 19-Apl. 30. Same. 7 pp., fo. 

1762. Apl. 29-30. Same. 4 pp., fo. 

1762. Sept. 14-15. Same. 4 pp., fo. Two copies. 

1762. " " Two Propositions of the Maryland Commis- 

sioners. 

1763. July 15-21. Proceedings of Joint Commissioners. 17pp.,fo. 
1763. Oct. 20-Dec. 10. same. 8 pp., fo. 

5. Surveyor's Reports. 

1751. Apl. 26-June 15. Emory and Jones' Journal. 20 pp., fo. 

1752. Apl. 16-June 15. same. 9 pp., fo. 
1760. Dec. 12-18. Copy of Instructions and Journal. 8 pp., fo. 

Two copies. 
1760-1762. Journal, No. 1, Dec. 13-Juue 15, with diagrams. 

88 pp., sm. fo. 
1762-1763. Same, No. 2, July 31-Aug. 30. 56 pp., sm. fo. 

1762. May 24-June 15. Journal. 4 pp., " 
" July 31-Aug. 16. same. 4 pp., " 
" Aug. 17-Sept. 1. same. 4 pp., " 
" Sept. 2-9. same. 3 pp., " 
" Sept. 18-Oct. 23. same. 4 pp., " 
" Oct. 25. same. 1 p., " 
" Oct. 6-25. same. 3 pp., " 

1763. Mch. 30. same. 1 p., two copies. 



109 



1764. Dec. 4. Mason and Dixon to ? 4 pp. 

1768. Jan. 29. same to H. Hammersley. 3 pp. 

1768. Penns and Baltimore in account with Mason and 

Dixon. 

1769. Feb. 24. Same with Receipt in full of Lord Baltimore's 

moiety. 

6. Maps. 

1732. Map of Proposed Boundary. Printed by B. 

Franklin, and usually found with the printed 
Articlesof Agreement of 1732. "Wood-cut. Two 
copies. 
Same. Colored. 
Same. Copper-plate. 
Same. MS. on parchment. 
1749. Lewis Evans' Printed Maj? of Pennsylvania, New 

Jersey, New York and Three Delaware Coun- 
ties. L. Hebert, Sculp. 
Same. Colored. 
1751. Emory and Kitten's MS. Map of Taylor's and 

James' Island, Dorchester Co., Md., June 15, 
1751. 
? MS. Parchment Map of the Circle around New- 

castle, showing property touched by the tan- 
gent. 
1768. Engraved Map of the final award of the Joint 

Commissioners with their report on parchment. 
Two copies. 

7. Letters. 

1681. Apl. 10. William Penn to Lord Baltimore. 
" Sept. 16. Same to Frisby, Lloyd and others. 

1682. June 5. Charles, Lord Baltimore, to Capt. Wm. Mark- 

ham. 



110 



1682/8. Mch. 12. William Penn to Lord Baltimore. 
1683. May 30. Same to same. 
1683. June 6. Same to same. 

1713. June 9. Charles, Lord Baltimore, to Deputies of Pa. 
1722. July 14. Philemon Lloyd to Lord Baltimore. 
1722. Sept. 11. Same to same. 
1732. Aug. 18. Same to same. 
1732. ? Same to same. Pp. 9-15. 

1732/3. Feb. 17. P. Gordon to same. 
1725. Mch. 22. Charles Lowe to P. Lloyd. 
1749/50. Jan. 31. P. Gregory to Lord Baltimore. 
1750. July 27. Same to same. 
" Aug. 4. Same to same. 
1750/1. Feb. 23. John Sharpe to Edmund Jennings. 
1752. May 28. Same to F. J. Paris. 

1752. Sept. 14. Edmund Jennings to C. Calvert. 

1753. May 5. C. Calvert to Thomas Penn. 
1753. Aug. 18. Same to John Sharpe. 

1755. Apl. 27. E. Jennings to C. Calvert. 

1756. May 3. John Penn to Lord Baltimore. 
1756. June 19. William Sharpe to ? 
1760. Nov. 29. Stephen Bordley to C. Calvert. 
1760. Dec. Gov. Sharpe to Charles Goldsborough. 

? Queries submitted to C. Goldsborough and his 

answers. Two copies. 
1760. Same to D. Dulany. 

1760. Gov. Sharpe to S. Bordley. Two copies. 
Additional Queries submitted to S. Bordley. Two 

copies. 

1761. Feb. 24. S. Bordley to H. Sharpe. 

? Same. Answer to Queries. 

1761. Apl. 22. Charles Wilmot to C. Calvert. 
1761. June 19. C. Calvert to Hugh Hammersley. 
1763. Sei)t. 25. Same to Lord Baltimore. 



Ill 



8. Miscellaneous. 

1680. Mch. 4. The Charter of Pennsylvania. 2 pp., sm. fo. 

Copy made early in 18th century. 
168 ? Col. Talbot's Conference with William I'enn. 10 

pp., fo. 

1682. Dec. 13. Conference between Lord Baltimore and William 

Penn at Col. Tailler's on the Ridge in Anne 
Arundel Co. 7 pp., fo. 

1683. May 31. The sum and substance of what was agreed and 

spoken by Charles, Lord Baltimore, and Wil- 
liam Penn at that private conference at New- 
castle. 3 pp., fo. 
Same. Attested by Lord Baltimore. 2 pp., fo. 
The state of the Lower Counties in relation to 
Penn. 2 pp., fo. 

1715. The Claims of the Proprietors of Maryland and 

Pennsylvania stated. 16 pp., fo. 

1720. Aug. 29. [Logan's] A plain view of all that has been said 
or publickly talked for these twenty yeare la.st 
past concerning the boundaries of Maryland and 
Pennsylvania. 3 pp., fo. 
Sundry observations relating to Lord Baltimore's 
claims. 4 pp., fo. 

1722. Jan. 19. Proclamaticm of Governor reciting order of Privy 
Council, Nov. 13, 1685. 

1736. Oct. 21. Resolution of Governor and Council on Crcsaj) 

affaii'. 

1737. Apl. 20. Depositions about burning Cresap's house, and of 

Cresap's house being in Maryland. 35 pp., fo. 
? MS. Map of headwaters of the Potomac and ad- 

jacent country, showing Lulian towns. Two 
copies, one with memoranda. 
A letter from a gentleman in Pennsylvania to his friend in Mary- 
land, with some reasons whv the Northern Boundary of 



112 



Maryland is limited to 39 degrees, togetlier with an answer 
to the foregoing letter. 
Mch. 27, 1749, May 1, 1749, Apl. 12, 1751, with five MS. Maps 
on three sheets, and a wood-cut of Smith's Map of 1606 ; 
engraved by J, Senex, 1735. 43 pp., sm. fo. 
Same. Three other copies without maps. Each 17 pp., large fo. 
Some short observations upon the Penselvanian Map and ground- 
less objections against the undoubted rights and bounds of 
Maryland. 9 pp., fo. 
Gov. Ogle's observations on the demands of the Penns. 4 pp., 

large fo. Five copies. 
175 ? An account of the question in dispute between 

Baltimore and Penn, with a draught (map) of 
Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and New 
Jersey. 
1751. Apl. 12. Agreement between Lord Baltimore and Abra- 
ham Taylor in reference to evidence to be fur- 
nished. [Parchment.] 
The Case of the Province of Maryland, touching the outrageous 
riots which have been committed in the Borders of that 
Province by inhabitants of Pennsylvania. To be heard 
before the Lords of the Council, 23d Feb., 1737. 3 pp., fo. 
Remarks on a Message of the Upper House to the Lower House 
of Assembly in 1762. 

[Philadelphia: B. Franklin,] 1764. pp., sm. 8o. 

[In a contemporary letter of D. Dulany, this pamphlet is said to 

have been written and printed by Franklin.] 
Justice of taxing the American Colonies demonstrated. 

London, 1766, 8o. 
Treaty of 1794. London, 1795. 8o. 

Case of the British Merchants trading to America. 

London, 1804. 8o. 
Extracts from Long's Astronomy to shew that a parallel of Lati- 
tude is a due East and West line. 2] pp., fo. 



113 



1763. Aug. 4. Dr. Bevis' and Mr. Harris' Hints ou runniug the 
Tangent Line. 
Signed by Cecilius Calvert, John Penn, and Rich- 
ard Penn. 
Opinion of Robt. Henley on the Tangent Line. 
Reasons by Lord Baltimore's Mathematician for a superficial 

measure. 2 pp., fo. 
Proposals of Mr. Caecilius Calvert on the tangent. 



C. AVALON. 
XHL 



1623. James I. Patent to Sir Geo. Calvert, of Avalon. 

Copy in English. 11 pp., fo. 
Same. Copy in Latin. 9 pp., fo. 
1634. Inspeximus of the charter of Avalon. 

[Great Seal. Parchment.] 
1638. Nov. 13. Charles I. Patent of New Foundland to Hamil- 
ton Pembroke Holland and Dr. David Kirke. 
10 pp., fo. 
1651/2. Mch. 11. Deposition of James Pratt. Avalon Patent. 

2 pp. 
1652. Examination of Annie Love and others before 

Commissioners at Ferryland. Avalon Patent. 
45 pp., fo. 
1652. May 5. Petition and Remonstrance of Sir David Kirke 

about Avalon. May 5. Two papers. 
1652. Aug. 30. Answers of Amy Taylor to her examination. 
Avalon Patent. 

1652. ? Deposition of John Stevens. Avalon Patent. 

1653. The Lord Baltimore's cjise concerning Avalon. 
1663. Aug. 30. Act made by tlie tenants of Avalon. Fishing, etc. 

15 



114 



1670. Lord Baltimore's case concerning Avalon. 

The same. [Printed broadside.] 

1674. June 1. Commission to Robt. Swanly as Lieutenant of 

Avalon. [Parchment.] 

1677. Mch. 30. Order ofPrivy Council Building in Newfoundland. 
1677. Apl. 11. George Pearson to Lord Baltimore advising him 

of above order. 
1677 ? State of the business of Newfoundland and the 

fisheries. 11 pp. 
1753. Lord Baltimore's petition relating to appointment 

of a Governor for Avalon. 6 pp., fo. Three 

copies. 

1753. July 26. Privy Council order referring above to Commis- 

sioners of trade. 

1754. Copy, case of Lord Baltimore relating to Avalon, 

with Earl of Northumberland's opinion, with 
report of Attorney-General made upon his 
Lordship's petition for leave to appoint a 
Governor. 
Enclosure. Duplicate of Petition of 1753. 

Bounds of the Province. 

1756. Petition of Worthington Brice for working mines 

in Newfoundland. 
? Fred., Lord Baltimore's petition to King relating 

to the Province of Avalon. 7 pp., fo. 



115 

D. THE CALVERT FAMILY. 

XIV. 

Grants, Deeds and other Documents relating to Land, 
ETC., IN England. Parchment. 

The Arundels. 

14 Elizabeth, Trinity Terra. Fine and surrender by Wil- 
liam Lord Burghley and 
others, to JNIatthew and 
Charles Arundell, of Man- 
or of Semley. 
40 Elizabeth, 21 July. Covenant by Sir Matthew Arun- 
del, and signed by him. 
? 14 Elizabeth, 25 June. Wm. Cecil, Lord Burghley, to 

Matthew Arundel, to Anthony, 
Viscount Mountague. 
1582. 24 Elizabeth, 25 Oct. Sir Matthew Arundel to William 

Arundell. Land at Tilbury, 
Wiltshire. Signed by Matt. 
Arundel. 

27 Elizabeth, 19 June. Sir Matthew Arundell, of Ward- 

our. Land in Dorset. 

28 Elizabeth, 23 Oct. Deed from Sir Mathewe Arun- 

dell, of Wardour Castell, to 
Anthony Vycount Mountague, 
K. G., and others. Land in 
Dorset. Signed by Mountague 
and others. 
1598. 41 Elizabeth, 14 Dec. Will of Sir Matthew Arundc"), 

Knight. Signed Matt. Arun- 
dell. 
45 Elizabeth, 1 Dec. Sir Thomas Arundel, grant of 
Christ Church Manor. Signed 



116 



45 Elizabeth, 24 Jan. 

1 James, 20 Oct. 

13 James I, 13 Nov. 

14 James I, 12 Dec. 

15 James, 10 May. 
1633. 9 Charles, 1 June. 

1636. 12 Charles, 30 Apl. 

1637. 13 Charles, 2 July. 

1637/8. 13 Charles, 28 Feb. 



by Tho. Aruiidell, witnessed by 
Thomas Arrundell, of Wardo 
Castell, and others. 

John Bodenham to and from Sir 
Thomas Arundel, surrender 
and lease of Manor of Semley. 

Thomas Arundel, of Wardour, to 
John Barnes. Signed by John 
Barnes. 

John ftbyle, for Lord Arundel. 
Signed by John fFoyle. 

Decree in Chancery. Earle vs. 
Earle. Certified by Great Seal. 
Christ Church Manor. 

Same to Garrett Weston and 
William Hocher. Signed by 
Thos. Arundell. 

Same to Edward, Lord Gorges, 
of Dondalke, and others. Manor 
of Semley. Signed Thos. Arun- 
dell. 

Same. Appointment to uses War- 
dor Castle and other property. 

Same to J. Reynell and William 
Sandys. Land in Dorset. 
Signed by Reynell and Sandys. 

Articles, Agreement betweane 
the Lord of Shrewsbury and 
My Lord Arundell as to the 
intended marriage of the Earl 
to Frances, daughter of said 
Thomas. Signed Shrewsbury. 
(Cancelled). Witnessed by 
Lord Baltimore. 



117 



1628. 12 Oct. 



1639. 15 Charles, 



1639. 15 Charles, 20 June 



1639. 15 Charles, 16 Aue. 



1639. 


15 Charles, 


1 Oct. 


1639. 


15 Charles, 


3 Oct. 


1639. 


15 Charles, 


16 Oct. 


1639. 


15 Charles, 


25 Oct. 


1639. 


15 Charles, 


6 Nov. 


1641. 




1 Mch. 



1641. 



1653/4. 



19 July. 



20 Feb. 



True Copie of tiie declaration 
sealed ])y INIy Lord, Thomas 
Arundell. Signed by The. 
Arundell. 

Rt. Hon. Thomas, Lord Arun- 
del, of "Warder, to Cecill, Lord 
Baltimore. 

Thomas, Lord Arundell, to Ce- 
cilius. Lord Tisbury- Wilts. 
Signed by Tho. Arundell Bal- 
timore. 

Same to Caecill, Lord Baltimore. 
Manor of Semly. Signed C. 
Baltimore. 

Same to same. Same property. 
Signed Tho. Arundell. 

Covenant between same. Same 
property. Signed Tho. Arun- 
dell. 

Counterpart of Grant from same 
to same. Same property. 

Indenture between same. 

Tilbury and Semley. Signed 
Tho. Arundell. 

Myles Phillipson and others, to 
Cecill, Lord Baltimore. 

Cecill, Lord Baltimore, and Wm. 
Catchmayd, Fishmonger. To 
supply salmon caught. (Un- 
executed). 

Thomas, Lord AnindcH, uf War- 
dour. Relating to the probate 
of his will. 

Cecil, Lord lialtiniorc, to Thonia.s 
Hooper. Ijand in Doi-set. 



118 



1655. 1 Mch. Agreement between Cecill, Lord 

Baltimore, and Humphry- 
Weld, of Lulworth, and Clare, 
his wife, and Catherine Ewre, 
widow, two of the daughters 
and co-heirs of Ladie Anne 
Arundell. 
31 Henry VIII, Jan. 30. Grant by Henry VIII of a licence 

to Cristofer Conyers, son and 
heir of Robert Conyers. 
5 Elizabeth, June 28. To George Conyers. [Great Seal.] 
26 Elizabeth, Feb. 13. Lease to Thomas Conyers, son 
of George Conyers, by Hon. 
William Cecil Knight, Lord 
Burghley, and Thomas Sex- 
aforde. With Schedule at- 
tached. Signed by W. Burgh- 
ley. 
40 Elizabeth, Nov. 3. Lease, from Hurvey Hastinges 
to Thomas Lyne, of Wyke 
Farm, in Co. Southampton. 
Case of Outlawry of Charles 
Calvert in Ireland in 1689. 
17 ? Broadside. Two copies. 
1720. May 4. Marriage Articles of John Hyde, Esq., and the 
Hon. Jane Calvert. Signed Charles Baltemore. 
Witnessed, Ben. Leo. Calvert. ? 
1751. Case upon the three Maryland Acts, and Opinion. 

Two copies. 
1751. Two papers. Case on Marriage Settlement of 

Frederick, Lord Baltimore. 
1751-4. A paper relating to the portions of Caroline and 

Louisa Calvert. 
1751. June 11. Appointment of Cecilius Calvert and Thomas 
Bladen as guardians of Caroline Calvei*t. 



119 

1751. Nov. 23. Frederick, Lord Baltimore vs. Onslow and others. 
Three papers. 
? Seven papers in the Francis Brerevvood case. 

? Executors of Charles, Lord Baltimore, vs. Fred- 

erick, Lord Baltimore. Defendant's Answer. 
26 pp., fo. 
1753. Nov. 12. Richard Barnet to Jno. Morgan. Amount of 
debt due by Frederick, Lord Baltimore, and 
Release to Lord Baltimore endorsed thereon. 

Danhij Wiske. 

1601. 42 Elizabeth, Mch. 5. Grant of the advowson of the 

rectory of Danby. Signed 
by Richard Etheryngton and 
Henricus Best. 

1603. 1 James I, Oct. 20. Thomas Conyers, Christopher 

Conyers and George Pudsley 
and William Moynell. Grant 
to Grover Pudsey and others. 
Signed by Thomas and Chris- 
topher Conyers. 

1608. 6 James I, Dec. 5. Robert Dawe and Robert Typ- 

per. Danby Wiske and various 
Manors in Suffolk, Norfolk, 
&c. Signed by Robert Dawe. 

1611. 9 James I, Aug. 7. Radulphus Rookeby to ]\Iarma- 

duke Sympson. Signed by 
Ru. Rokeby, Roger Tockett, 
William Tockett and Myles 
Taylor. 

1612/3. 9 James I, Mch. 21. Raphe Rookebye and others to 

John Constable. Signed by 
Raphe Rookebye and Myles 
Taylor. 



120 



1615/6. 13 James I, 



1617. 14 James, 



1622. 20 James, 



1623. 20 James, Dec. 
1623. 20 James I, Dec. 



1694/5. 



Feb. 13. George Calvert and Richard 
Forster. Signed by Ki : Fors- 
ter. 

June 19. George Calvert, Esq., to James 
Morley and James Penny man, 
Jr. Signed by James INIorley. 

Dec. 6. Sir George Calvert, Knight, to 
Walter Mallory, Dan by 
Wiske — and on separate sheet 
of parchment, North East 
Shore in Moulton. Signed by 
Geo. Calvert. 

6. Same. Signed by Walter Mal- 
lory. 

7. A Declaration of Trust. Sir 

George Calvert, Knight, Sir 
Henry ffane,William Peaseley 
and Philip Darnall. Signed 
by Geo. Calvert. Two sheets. 
Feb. 18. Charles, Lord Baltimore, and 
Thomas More. Signed by T. 
More. 



Kipl'm or Kipling. 

39 Elizabeth, June 15. Bargain and Sale of the tytles of 

Kipling from Henry Scroops 
and C'uthbert Pepper. Signed 
by Henry Scroope. 
21 James, Feb. 18. Sir George Calvert, in chancery, 

with part of the Seal. 
1677. 29 Charles II, Aug. 5. Charles, Lord Baltimore, Chris- 
topher Smithson and Leonard 
Sniith^on to George Smithson 
and others. Signed by Ch. 



121 

Baltimore, Christopher and 
Leonard Smithson. 

1677. 29 Charles II, Aug. 6. George Smithson, Nicholas Lowe 

and Charles, Lord Baltimore. 
Declaration of Trust. Signed 
by George Smithson and Nich- 
olas Lowe. 
3 Charles, Mch, 20. Sir George Calvert to Cecil Cal- 
vert, to levy a fine on all his 
lands in Yorkshire. Signed 
Geo. Baltimore. 
Same. Signed Cecill Calvert. 

1678. Mch. 15. Charles, Lord Baltimore, to 

Henry Lowe and others. Kip- 
lin, Dan by, &c. Signed C. 
Baltemore. 

Moulton. 

16 James I, Nov. 28. The King to Sir George Calvert. 
(Calvert fiimily grs. of laud 
in Eng.) 

1643. 19 Charles, Aug. 11. Cecill, Lord Baltimore, Hugh 

Smithson, Jerom Roystone, Jr. 
and Peter Coles. Signed C. 
Baltemore. 
Counterpart of same. Signed by 
Smithson, Roystone and Coles. 

1648. 24 Charles, Dec. 1. Hugh Smithson, Jerom Royston, 

Jr., Peter Coles, William Bur- 
nett and James Clement. 
Signed by first three. Tested, 
C. Baltemore. 
24 Charles, Dec. 2. "William Burnett, James Clem- 
ent and Cecill, Lord Baltemore. 

16 



122 



With a schedule of various 

deeds. Signed C. Baltemore. 

167G. 29 Charles II, Mch. 8. James Clement, Charles, Lord 

Baltemore, and Richard Alle- 
bond. Grant. Signed by Jas. 
Clement and Ch : Baltemore. 
" " " 9. Release. Signed by same. 

31 Charles II, Mch. 14. Charles, Lord Baltimore, Henry 

Lowe, Nicholas Lowe and 
Thomas Gilbert. Signed C. 
Baltemore. 

Semley. 

9 Elizabeth, July 20. Henry Baynton, Francis Bayn- 
ton and Roger Bodeuham. 

1608. Dec. 5. Edward Thurlaude to John 

Manyngham. Signed by 
Manyngham. 

1655. Aug. 16. Rowland Piatt and William 

Kuype to Cecill, Lord Balti- 
more. Signed by Piatt and 
Kuype. 
? Lands in Berks, Wilts and Ox- 

ford. 

1616. May 13. Pitzhanger, Middlesex. Rich- 

ard Lee. Conveyance in fee 
of the Manor of Pitzhanger. 
Signed by Richard Lee. 
Same. Signed by same. 

Ead Pulham. 

1571. Dec. 12. An exemplification of dismission of evidence. 
Carle vs. Arundel. Three sheets. 



123 



1653. Feb. 20. Conveyance from Sir Thomas Reynell and others, 
trustees, to William Constantine and Raphe 
Darnall of East Pulham and Berne ]\[eadow, 
held in trust under the will of Thomas, Lord 
Arundel, for his grandson, Henry Arundel. 
Signed by J. Reynell and witnessed by C. Bal- 
temore, John Langford and others. 
1658. July 7, Nicholas Gould, Cecill, Lord Baltimore, William 
Constantine, Raphe Darnall, Robert Haworth 
and Richard Whitehead. Signed by Gould, 
Haworth and Whitehead. 
Same. Signed by Haworth and Whitehead. 
Same. Omitting name of First. Signed by same. 
32 Charles II. AVragg's Recovery. ? 

1 James II. Same. ? 

Waterford, Ireland. 

1709. June 21. Conveyance by Charles, Lord Baltimore, and 

others, of lands in County Waterford to James 

Taylor. Signed C. Baltemore and Fran. Wyse. 

St. Giles in the Fields. 
1697. Oct. 15. Charles, Lord Baltimore, to William Spencely 

Brownlow Street. With schedule. Signed by 

Spencely. 
1734. Mch. 31. Counterpart of assignment of lease from Lord 

Baltimore to Raphe Lane. Signed by Ra. 

Lane. 

1731. July 8. Manor of Chesterton, Huntingdon. 

1732. Oct. 12. William Genew, of Ham. Co., Surrey, to Caecilius 

Calvert, Esq. Counterpart of INIortgage. 
1745/6. Feb. 17. Power of Attorney from John and Henry Hyde 

to Thomas Bladen, Ik-njamin Tasker and D. 

Dulany. 
1745/6. Feb. 18. Same from Samuel Hyde to same. 



124 



1745/6. Feb. 18. Same from Charles, Lord Baltimore to Thomas 
Bladen aud Benjamin Tasker. 

Epso7i. 
1709-1766. Eighteen parchments and papere. 

Eden Papers. 

1748. Sept. 26. Tested copy of Will of Robert Eden, Hon. Spen- 
cer Cowper, Duke of Durham, to Sir John 
Eden, Baronet. 

1762. July 3. Same to same. 

1764. Jan. 9. Same to same. License to assign. Two copies. 
" 11. Sir John Eden, Baronet, to Robert Eden. 



XV. 

Personal Letters. 



1781. Sept. 6. Henry Jernegen to Lord Baltimore. 

1740/1. Feb. 6. John Dacosto to ? 

1741. Oct. 3. C. Calvert to John Sharpe. 

1744. June 1. Two receipts. Theo. Janssen. 

1753. Dec. 14. Lord Baltimore to Lady Baltimore. 

1756. Mch. 6. Duke of Devonshire to Lord Baltimore. 

1756. Mch. 23. Duke of Bridgewater to same. 

1756. May 8. Earl of Waldegrave to same. 

1756. May 9. Earl of Hertford to same. 

1756. May 9. Earl of Northumberland to same. 

1756. June 6. Same to same. 

1756. June 6. Earl of Waldegrave to same. 

1756. June 8. Earl of Jersey to same. 

1758. Aug. 20. Duke of Bridgewater to same. 

1758. Aug. 24. Earl of Jersey to same. 



1758. 


Aug. 


24. 


1758. 


Aug. 


25, 


1758. 


Sept. 

9 


1. 


1759. 


Apl. 


11, 


1765. 


Apl. 


7. 



125 



Aug. 24. Duke of Bedford to same. 
Earl of Essex to same. 
Lord Gower to same. 
Same to same. 
C. Pratt to same. 
Stapleton to same. 
? Earl of Halifax to same. 

Lord Baltimore to ? 
Same to Lady Diana Egerton. 
1756. May 13. Same to Lady Baltimore. 

Lady Di. Egerton to Lord Baltimore. 

Same to same. 

Lady Baltimore to same. 

Same to same. 

Same to same, 

Mr. Wroughton to same. 

Mr. and Mrs. Grenville to same. 

Louisa Calvert to Lady Baltimore. 

1763. Feb. 12. Frederic Juboch tl^ Co. to Lord Baltimore. In 

French. 
" Apl. 13. Baron de Fries to same. Li French. 

" Apl. 18. E. Wieman to same. In German. 

" May 17. Baron de Fries to same. In French. 

" July 15. Same to same. In French. 

" Nov. 7. Hammond Habbach to Sir John Eden. 

Dec. 9. John Bowlby to R. Eden. 

1764. Apl. 20. Meynard to Lord Baltimore. 

" July 1. Lord Baltimore to ? In Italian. 

French letter to Lord Baltimore. 
An account against same. In Italian. 
Six memoranda and l)ills relating to same. 
Memoranda about Northwest Passage. 30 pp. 

" concerning travelling. 151 pp. 

Colored plan of Battle of Dettengen, 1743. 



126 



Map of part of Russia, 1734. 

Colored MS. plan of Cronstadt and St. Petersburg, 1737. 



XVI. 

Heraldic Documents. 



1622. Dec. 3. Confirmation of Arms to Sir George Calvert. 
Granted by Richard St. George Norroy, King at 
Arms. [Emblazoned.] Signed Ri : St. George 
Norroy. 

1624. Patent under the Great Seal creating George Cal- 

vert, Baron Baltimore of Baltimore in Ireland. 
[Emblazoned with Great Seal.] 

1656. Pedigree of the families of Jarmy Mynn and 

Wyndham, prepared for Mr. Justice Wyndham. 
[With numerous Coats of Arms tricked and 
emblazoned.] 

1785. Apl. 6. Confirmation of Arms to Lady Frances, Mary 
Wyndham (daughter of Frederick, last Lord 
Baltimore). Signed Isaac Heard, Garter prin- 
cipal King at Arms, and Thomas Lock, Claren- 
ceux King at Arms. [Emblazoned. Seals.] 

1746. Feb. 3. Patent appointing Charles Fifth Lord Baltimore 
Cofferer of the Household to H. R. H. Fred- 
erick, Prince of Wales. [Seal.] 

1746. Feb. 3. Another as Surveyor General to H. R. H. Fred- 
erick, Prince of Wales. [Seal.] 



THE CALVERT PAPERS 



FIRST SELECTION. 



CONTENTS. 



No. Pakk. 

1. Lord Baltimore's Instructions TO Colon IS IS, - - - ]S] 

2. Thomas Smith's Account OF HIS Capture, - - - ]4] 

3. Henry Ewbank's Account of his Capture, - - - - ]4o 

4. Secretary Kemp to Lord Baltimore, - - - . 149 
6. The same to the same, - -- 152 

6. The SAME TO the same, ----... 155 

7. Thomas Copley TO THE SAME, - - - - - - - 157 

8. Thomas Cornwaleys TO THE SAME, - - - - . kj;} 

9. Gov. Leonard Calvert to the samk, - - - . . 1^2 

10. Secretary John Lewger to the same, . - . . 194 

11. Father Andrew White TO the SAME, 201, 

12. Ceciliu.s, Lord Baltimore, TO Gov. Leonard Calvert, - 211 

13. The SAME, Declaration to THE Lords, - - - - - 221 

14. Gov. Charles Calvert to Cecilius, Lord Baltimore, - 229 

15. The SAME to THE .SAME, 2-52 

16. The SAME TO THE SAME, 277 

17. Part OF A Letter- Book OF Gov. Charles Calvert, - - 30r) 

18. William Penn to Charle.s, Lord Baltimore, - - - 322 

19. The same TO Frisby, Jones, AND others, . - . . ,323 

20. The SAME to Charles, Lord Baltimore, - - - - 825 

21. The .SAME TO THE SAME, - - - 327 

22. The SAME TO THE SAME, ..----. 328 

23. Charles, Lord Baltimore, to William .Markham, - - 330 



17 129 



THE CALVERT PAPERS. 



No. 1. 

LORD BALTIMORE'S INSTRUCTIONS TO 
COLONISTS. 

[Indorsement.] 

15 Nouem. 1633. 
A Coppy of 
Instructions to Mf Leo. 
Caluert, Mr Jerora Hawley 
& Mf Tho. Cornwaleys the 
Lo : Balti mores Gonernor & 
Comissioners of his prouiuce 
of Maryland. 
In the 5"! Article some 
directions is given con- 
cerning Cap. Cleyborne, 

Instructions 13 Nouem : 1633 directed by tlie Right Hone"!" 
Cecilius Lo : Baltimore & Lord of the Prouinces of 
Mary Land and Avalon vnto his well beloued Brother 
Leo : Caluert Esq' his Lop' Deputy Gonernor of his 
prouince of Mary Land and vnto Jerom Hawley and 
Thomas Cornwaleys Esq? his Lo^P' Coiiiissioners for the 
gouernment of the said Prouince. 

131 



132 

1. Inpri : His Lo^'' requires his said Gouernor & Com- 
missioners th' in their voyage to Mary Land they be very 
careful! to preserue vnity & peace amongst all the passengers 
on Shipp-board, and that they suffer no scandall nor offence 
to be giuen to any of the Protestants, whereby any iust com- 
plaint may heercafter be made, by them, in Virgiiica or in 
England, and that for that end, they cau^e all Acts of Komane 
Catholique Religion to be done as priuately as may be, and 
tliat they instruct all the Romane Catholiques to be silent 
vpon all occasions of discourse concerning matters of Rct 
ligion ; and that the said Gouernor & Comii-sioners trcate the 
Protestants w'*" as much mildness and fauor as Justice will 
permitt. And this to be obserucd at Land as well as at Sea. 

2, That while they are aboard, they do they re best endeau- 
ors by such instruments as they shall find fittest for it, 
amongst the seamen & passengers to discouer what any of 
them do know concerning the priuate plotts of his LoT^ ad- 
uersaries in England, who cndeauored to ouerthrow his voyage : 
to learne, if they cann the names of all such, their speeches, 
where & when they spoke them, and to whom ; The places, if 
they had any, of their consultations, the Instruments they 
vsed and the like : to gather what proofes they cann of them ; 
and to sett them downe particulerly and cleerely in writing 
w'*' all the Circumstances ; together w'J' their opinions of the 
truth and validity of them according to the condition of the 
persons from whom they had the information ; And to gett if 
they can euery such informer to sett his hand to his Informa- 
con. And if they find it necessary & that they haue any good 
probable ground to discouer the truth better, or that they find 
some vnwilling to reueale that w°'' (by some speeches at ran- 
dome, that haue fallen from them) they haue rca-on to suspect 
they do know concerning that buisness : that at their arriuall 



133 

in Mary Land they cause encry such p>on to answer vpon 
oath, to such questions as they shall thinke fitt to ])roi)ose 
vnto them : And by some trusty mcsseujier in the next shipj)s 
that returne for England to send his Lo''' in w ritino- all such 
Intelligences taken either by deposition or otherv.ise. 

3. That as soonc as it shall please god they shall arriue 
vpon the coast of Virginea, they be not perswaded by the 
master or any other of the shij)p, in any case or for any 
respect whatsoeuer to goe to James Towne, or to come \v*''in 
the coiaand of the the fort at Poynt-Comfort : vnle^s they 
should be forct vnto it by some extremity, of weather, (w"'' 
god forbidd) for the preseriuition of their lines & goodes, and 
that they find it altogether impcssible otherwise to preserne 
thems'jlues : But that they come to an Anchor somewiierc 
about Acomaeke, so as it be not vnder the comaixl of any fort ; 
& to send ashcare there, to inquire if they (ann find any to 
take w"' them, that cann giue them some good informatione of 
the Bay of Chesapeacke and Pattawomeck Bluer, and that 
may giue them some light of a fitt place in his LoT^ Countrey 
to sett downe on ; wherein their cheife care must be to make 
choice of a place first that is probable to be healthfull and 
fruitfull, next that it may be easily fortified, and thirdly that 
it may be convenient for trade both an"' the English and 
sauages. 

4. That by the first oportunity after theyr aniuall in ^lary 
Land they cause a messenger to be dispatcht away to Janus 
Town such a one as is conformable to the Church of Enuland, 
and as they may according to the best of their iudgments 
trust ; and he to carry his ma'?' letter to S' Joini Haruie the 
Gouernor and to the rest of the Couuccll there, a- likewise his 
LoPP' letter to S"! Jo: Haruie, and to give him notice of their 
arriuall : And to bane in charge, vpon the deliuery of the said 



134 



letters to behaue himself" w"' much respect vnto the Gouernor, 
and to tell him th' his LoP^ had an intention to hauc come 
himself in ])ers()n this yeare into those parts, as he may per- 
ceiue hv iiis ma"!"' letter to him hut findiuir that the setling; of 
that buisncss of his Plantation and some other occasions, 
retjuired his presence in Enirland for some time longer then he 
expected, he hath deferred liis owne coming till the next yeare, 
when he will not faile by the grace of god to be there ; and to 
lett him vnderstand how much his Lo''"' desires to hold a good 
correspondency w"* him and that Plantation of Virginca, w''' 
he wilbe ready to shew vj)i)n all occa-;ions and to assure him 
by the best words he cann, of his Lt)''!'^ particuler affection to 
his person, in respect of the many reports he hath heard of his 
worth, and of the ancient ac(][uaintance and freindshipp w"'' he 
hath vnderstood was between his Lo''''' father & him as like- 
wise for those kind respects he hath shewne vnto his L"?p by 
his letters since he vnderstoode of his L"''.''^ intention to be his 
neighbor in those parts : And to present him w"' a Butt 
of sacke from his L^pp w°'' his I/^p iiath giuen directions for, to 
be sent vnto him. 

5. That they write a letter to Cap : Clay borne as soone 
as conveniently other more necessary occasions will giue them 
leane after their arriuall in the Countrey, to give him notice of 
their arriuall and of the Authority & charge coiiiitted to them 
by his L"?P and to send the said letter together w"' his L"pp' to 
him by some trusty messenger that is likewise conformable 
vnto the Church of England, w*'' a message also from them to 
him if it be not inserted in their letter w"'' is better, to invite 
him kindly to come vnto tliem, and to signifv that they haue 
some buisness of importance to speake w"' him about from his 
Lopp ^ycii concernes his good very much ; And if lie come vnto 
them then that they vse him courteously and w(!ll, and tell 



135 



him, tliat his L"'''' vnderstanding that he liath settled a })lan- 
tacon there w"'iii the precinets of his L""'''^ Pattent, wislied 
them to Ictt him know that liis L"'''' is wiliino; to <>iiie him all 
the encouragement he cann to proeecde ; And that his \j"^^ 
hath had some propositions made vnto him by eertainc 
m''chants in London who pretend to be partners w"' him in 
that plantation, (viz) ]\P Delabarr, MfTompson Mr Cloberry, 
Mr Collins, & some others, and that they desired to haue 
a grant from his L"'''' of that Hand a\ here he is : Bnt his I/Cp 
vnderstanding from some others that there was some difference 
in partnership]) between him and them, and his L"'''' finding 
them in their discourse to him, that they made somewhat 
slight of Cap : Clayborne's interest, doubted least he miglit 
preiudice him by making them any grant his Lo''"" being igno- 
rant of the true state of their buisness and of the thing they 
desired, as likewise being well assured that by Cap : Clayborne 
his care anel inelustry besides his charges, that plantation was 
first beguim anel so farr aduanced, was for these reasons vn- 
willing to condescenel vnto their desires, and therefore eleferrcd 
all treaty w'!' them till his Lo'l'' could truly vndersland from 
him, how matters stand between them, and what he would 
elesire e)f his L,"^^ in it. w*''' his Lo'''' expects from him ; that 
therevpon his L"'"'' may take it into farther consideration how 
to do iusticc to euery one of them and to giue them all reason- 
able satisfaction ; And that they assure liini in fine that his L"'''' 
intends not to elo him any wrong, but to shew him all the loue 
and fauor that he eann, and that his L"'''' gaue them directions 
to do so to him in his absence ; in confideMice that he will, like 
a ge)od subiect to his ma"'' conforme himself to his bigness 
gratious letters pattents granted to his Lo'!' whereof he may 
sec the Duplicate if he desire it together w"' tiieir Comi.-sion 
from his L"''p. If he do refuse to ceune vnto them vpon their 



136 



invitation, that they Ictt him alone for the tirst yearc, till vpon 
notice giiien to his L"^'' of his answere and behaniour they 
rcccine farther directions from his I^"''''; and that they informe 
themselues as well as they cann of iiis plantation and what his 
desio^nes are, of what strength & what Correspondency he 
keepcs w'.'' Virginea, and to giue an Account of euery partic- 
ular to his L'T''. 

i). That when they haue made choice of the place where 
they intend to settle themsehics and that they hane brought 
their men ashoare \v''' all their prouisions, they do assemble all 
the people together in a fitt and decent manner and then cause 
his raa''f^ letters pattents tf> be publikcly read by his L"''"'' Sec- 
retary John Bolles, and afterwards his L°PP^Comission to them, 
and that either the Gouernor or one of the CoTiiissioners pres- 
ently after make some short declaration to the people of his 
L"'!'" intentions w"^^'' he means to pursue in this his intended 
plantation, w"'' are first the honor of god by endeauoring the 
conversion of the sauages to Christianity, secondly the aug- 
mentation of his ma'"'^ P^iupire c^^ Dominions in those ])arts of 
the world by reducing tliem vnder the subiection of his 
Crowne, and thirdly by the good of such of his Countreymen 
as are willing to aduenture their fortunes and themselves in it, 
by endeauoring all he cann, to assist them, that they may 
reape the fruites of their cliarges & labors according to the 
hopefulnes of the thing, w"' as much freedome comfort and in- 
(touragement as they cann desire ; and w'*" all to assure them, 
that his L"''.''' affection & zeale is so greate to the aduancement 
of this Plantacon and consei|uently of their good, that he will 
imploy all his endeauors in it, and that he would not haue 
failed to haue come himself in person along w"' them this first 
veare, to haue l)eene partakcM* w"* them in tlie honor of the 
first voyage thither, but that by reasons of some vnexpected 



137 



lurideiits, he found it more necessarv lor their <i:o()(l, to stav in 
England some time longer, for the better estal)lisiinient of his 
and tlieir right, then it was Htt that the shi]))) should sta\- iiir 
him, l)ut that by the grace of god he intends \v%nt fiiile to be 
w"" them the next year : And that at this time thev take occa- 
sion to minister an oath of Allegeance to his ma'!'' vnto all and 
euery one vpou tiic })la(e, after iiauing first j)uhlikclv in the 
presence of the people taken it themselues; letting them know 
that liis Lo^P gane particuler directions to hane it one of the 
first thinges tliat were done, to testify to the world tluit none 
should enioy the benefitt of his ma"f^ gratious Grant vnto his 
L'TP of that place, but such as should giuc a |)ubli(|uc assur- 
ance of tiieir fidelity & allegeance to his ma".^ 

7. that they infornie themselues what they cann of the 
present state of the old Colony of Virginea, both for matter of 
gouernment ct and Plantacon as likewise what trades they 
driue both at home and abroade, who are the clieifc and richest 
men, & haue the greatest power amongst them whether their 
clamors against his Lo''P pattent contimie and whether they 
increase or diminish, who they are of note that shew them- 
selues most in it, and to find out as neere as they cauu, what is 
the true reason of their disgust against it, or whether there be 
really any other reason but what, being well examined 
proceedes rather from s|>leene and malice then from any other 
cause; And to infornie his [/'■''' exactly \\hat they vudcrstand 
in any of these particulers. 

)S. That they take all occasions to gaine and oliligc any of 
the Councell of Virginea, tiiat they shall vn(U'rstand incline to 
have a good correspondency w'!' his L"''.'" ])lantation, eithci- l)y 
permission of trade to them in a i-casonablc j)r(tj)ortion, w"'in 
his L"''.'" precincts, or any other way they can, so it be clccrcly 
vnderstood that it is by the way of courtesy and nut of i-iglit. 
18 



138 

9. That Avlicre they intend to settle the Plantacon tlicy first 
make choice of a fitt ])lace, and a competent qnantity of 
ground for a fort w"'in w"'' or neere vnto it a convenient 
house, and a clnn-ch or a cha})pel adiacent may be built, for the 
seate of his L"''p or his (jlouenn)r or other Coinissioners for the 
time being in his absence, both w°'' his Lo'''' would haue them 
take care should in the first place be erected, in some pro])or- 
tion at least, as much as is necessary for present vse though 
not so compleatc in euery jwirt as in fine afterwards they may 
be and to send his L"'''' a Piatt of it and of the seituation, by 
the next oportunity, if it be done by that time, if not or but 
part of it neuertheless to send a Piatt of what they intend to 
do in it. That they likewise make choise of a fitt })lace neere 
vnto it to seate a towne. 

10. That they cause all the Planters to build their houses in 
as decent and vniforme a manner as their abilities and the 
place will afford, ct neere adioyning one to an other, and 
for that purpose to cause streetcs to be marked out where they 
intend to place the towne and to oblige euery man to buyld one 
by an other according to that rule and that they cause diuisions 
of Land to be made adioyning on the back sides of their 
houses and to be assigned vnto them for gardens and such vses 
according to the proportion of euery ones building and adven- 
ture and as the convenicncy of the ]>lacc will afford w"^' his 
[/pp referreth to their discretion, but is desirous to haue a i)ar- 
ticulcr account from them what they do in it, that his Ia)^'^ may 
be satisfied that euery man hath iustice done vnto him. 

11. That as soone as conveniently they cann they cause his 
L"'l'" surveyor Robert Simpson to survay out such a jiroportion 
of Land both in and about the intended towne as likewise 
w"'in the Countrey adioyning as wilbe necessary to be assigned 
to the present aduenturers, and that they assigne euery adven- 



139 

turer his proportion of Land both in and about the intended 
towne, as alsoe w"'in the Countrev adioyning, aceording to the 
proportion of his aduenture and the eonditions of j)lantaer»n 
propounded by his Lo'''' to the first aduenturers, av'^'' his I^"'''' in 
convenient time will confirme vnto them by Pattent. And 
heerein his Ij"?'' wills his said Gouernor and C'omissionci's 
to take care that in eaeli of the aforesaid places, that is to say 
in and about the first intended Towne and in the Countrev 
adiacent they cause in the first and most convenient ])laces a 
proportion of Land to be sett out for his L"'''" owne proper vse 
and inheritance according to the number of men he sends this 
first yeare vpon his owne account ; and as he alloweth vnto the 
aduenturers, before any other be assigned his })art ; w"' w*'.'' 
(although his Lopp might very well make a difference of 
proportion between himself and the aduenturers) he will in 
this first colony, content himself, for the better encouragement 
and accomodation of the first aduenturers, vnto whom his 
L"pp eonceiue himself more bound in honor and is therefore 
desirous to giue more satisfaction in euery thing then he 
intends to do vnto any that shall come heereafter. That they 
cause his Lo^^^ survayor likewise to drawe an exact mapp of as 
much of the countrey as they shall discouer together \v"' the 
soundings of the riuers and Baye, and to send it to his L"''''. 

1 2. That they cause all the planters to implov their seruants 
in planting of sufficient quantity of corne and other prouision 
of victuall and that they do not suffer them to plant any other 
comodity whatsoeuer l)efore that l)c done in a sutlicicnt ])ro- 
portion w".'' they are to obserue yearely. 

L3. That they cause all sorts of men in the plantation to be 
mustered and trained in military discispline and that there be 
days appoynted for that purpose either weekely or monthly 
according to the conucniency of other occasions ; w"'' are duly 



140 

to be obseriied and that they cause constant Avatcli and ward to 
be kept in phices necessary. 

14. That tlu'v infornic thcnischics whethci- there be any 
convenient place Av'^in his I;'''" ])re('incts for the making 
of Salt whetlier there be proper earth for the making of salt- 
peeter and if there be in wliat quantity ; whether there be 
probability of Ii'on oarc or any otiier mines and that they be 
carefull to fin<l out what other eoiiiodities may probably be 
made and that they gine his L'^'p notice together w''' their 
opinions of them, 

15. That In fine they bee very carefull to do iustice to 
euery man w'^'out partiality, and that they auoid any occasion 
of diHerence w"' those of Virginea and to haue as litle to do 
w'*" them as they cann this first yeare that they connine and 
suffer litle iniurves from them rather then to engage themselues 
in a publi(|ue (luarrell w"* them, w'^'' may disturbe the buisness 
much in England in the Infancy of it. And that they gine 
vnto his Lo^P an exact account by their letters from time 
to time of their proceedings both in these instructions from 
Article to Article and in any other accident that shall happen 
worthy his I.fO^'P^ notice, that therevpon his U"?? may gine them 
farther instructions ^hat to doe and that by euery conveyance 
by Av'^*' they send any letters as his Lo^^ would not haue them 
to omitt any they send likewise a Duplicate of the letters w"** 
they writt by the last conveyance before that, least they should 
haue failed and not be come to his Lo'T' hands. 



141 



No. 2. 
THOMAS SMITH'S ACCOUNT OF HIS CAPTURE. 

[Superscription.] 

Mr Tlu) : Smiths I'elation 

of his voyage when hee 

was taken by the 

Maryhmders 

1635 

The relaeon of Tho : Smith of his voyage to Potuxant Riiier 
in the Pinace the Long Tayle Avherein hee was taken by 
the Marylanders. 

The 26"" day of March 16.35 I being sent in the Pinace the 
long taile by Cap' William Claiborne to trade for corne and 
fnrs, the said Cap' Claiborne haneing deliuered mee a Coppie of 
his ma*.' letter lately sent vnto him for the confermacon of the 
Comission formerly grannted vnto the said Cap' Claiborne for 
trade in the Collonies of America. 

The 4'^ day of Aprill I arriued at Mattapany. The 5'" day 
Cap' Hen : ffleet and Cap' Humber w^} a Company of men 
came oner land thither and demaiuided by what power I 
traded I tould them by vertne of his ma'' Comission and letter 
grannted to Cap' Claiborne of w'^'' I had coppies of each they 
demaunded the sight of them w'^'' I shewed them they periise- 
ing of them Cap' ffleete replyed that this paper did not 
any way license the said Cap' Clayborne to trade any further 
then the He of Kent and that I nnist goe for Maryland 
w"' tlie Pinace, but Cap' Humber replied it was a false Coppie 
and grounded vpon false informacon, and soe turned hiniselfe 
to Caj)' ffleete said come let vs I)oard them w'^'' they did 



142 

not^v'^standing I toukl them thev had best take heede what 
they did it was not good iestinji' \v"' paper w"'' came from his ma*!^ 

Cap' ffleete, Capf Humber w"' the rest of theirc Companie 
entred the vessell tlie Longtaile and turned our men on sliore 
w"'out any amies to defend themsehies from the natiues not- 
^v'^•^tandinJ2: I entreated them not to leaue our men w%ut 
amies ashore, to w'''* Cap' ffleete answered they were as safe as 
if they were aboard. 

I desired them to shew mee their Comission by w*"^ they 
tooke vs but they would shew mee none. 

The next day they sent for our men a board and turned 
them into theire barge : who had tliat night lien in the woods 
very dangerously the natiues being vp in arnies amongst 
themselues. 

The said Cap' ffleet eomaunded mee to goe for Maryland w'*' 
him in our little boate and spake wdth the Gouernor yv"^ I did 
and by the way wee had some discourse about the accusacon for 
w**" Cap' Claybourne was last yeare accused of l)y the Mary- 
landers for complotting w"" the Indians to cutt off the English 
that Avere at Yawocomoco : Cap' ffleet told mee, that vr"^ hee 
said of tliat busines Mas drawne from liini by a Avile, in comon 
discourse and tliat hee was verie sorrie for speaking any such 
thing, and that although it bee reported in Virginia that 
hee had taken liis oatli of those things, yet it was not soe, and 
that hee did not take it to bee an oath, for all that was done 
done was the Gouernor gaue him the said ffleet a little latine 
booke, and bade liim kisse it saying notliing and if tliere were 
any such busines reported amongst the Indians about Cap' 
Claiborne yet they were a people that were not to be beleeued 
and the said ffleet said to mee, before God I did not know it 
was a testament, tlie said ffleete told mee M'hen Cap' Comwallis 
and M"" Hally brought him a writting and a'^ked him whether 



143 

hee would set his hand to itt, ffirst liaueing caused them to put 
out many things that were in it soe by their i)ers\vations set his 
hand to it. 

When wee eame to JMaryland I found the (iouerno!" was not 
there, Caj)' Cornewalles Leino- loft his deputie I went to him 
and told him, that Cap' ffleet had taken our Vessell and turned 
our men a shore Caj)' Cornewalles told nice they did noe more 
then what they had order for to doe by Comission to make stay 
of all vessells w''*' they should find trading w"^in the Prouince 
of the Lord Baltimore : the said Cap' desired to see the 
Comission by w°'' I traded and haueing seene the foure Coppies 
hee told mee hee did wonder much at Cap' Claibornes strange 
])roceedings for said hee Avere this a true co})j)ie it hath oidy 
relation t(» the Hand where hee liueth but said hee doubted 
truth of this jiap!' first in regard they were grounded vpon 
false informacon I told him I woidd bee deposed they were 
true Coppies to w"** hee said my oath was as good as nothing 
the said Cap' told mee, hee would the next morning goe with 
mee abord w"** the next Da}' hee did, and when I came abord 
I found all the men turnd a shore againe w"'out any amies to 
defend themselues from the natiues, haueing not long been 
there and had some discourse w"' Cajif Humber hee tould mee 
the vessell must goe for JMarvland and there stay vntill 
the (jrouerno'' came home: and if I and the ivst would goe 
with him by land wee should bee welcome for in the boate wee 
should not goe, he leaning the eharg of the vessell with 
Capt : Humber I desired to leaue one to looke to the trucke 
w"^ the said Cap' denied : ffurther the said Cap' told mee that 
if there were any such letters graunted by his ma'!" it was got 
by indirect waies in regard they had noe notice thereof from 
the Lord Baltimore I desired wee might returne home if not 
all yet one w"^ was denied, and being all turned ashore without 
any jieece or amies but one jieece wliicli I iiad niyselfe. 



144 



Within 2 daics after oiir heing tiiere the Goucrnor came 
hoinc who when our vcsscll was oomo about sent for vs to 
waitc on his pleasui'c when wee should hcc called beinti; sect at 
Cap' Cornewalles house acconii)anied witli the said Cap' and 
one M"" Greene sent Ids Marshall for niee, when I came the 
(iouerno' told niee hee vnderstood that some of his people 
had made staie of a vessell of Caj)' Claihornes of m"'' I had 
eoniaund of I told they had, hee demauiided of mee whether I 
traded for myselfe or for Caj)' Claiborne I told him for Cap' 
Claiborne hee demaunded a note vnder my hand to testifie as 
mueh, w'*' I makino; a stand at, hee told mee he would keepe 
nice prisoner to answere it, if I would not set my hand to a 
note w"*" they made av'"'' I did. Hee demaunded wliat Comis- 
sion I had to trade I told him I had a Coppie of his ma^ 
Comission <>rannted to Cap' Claiborne and also a Coppie of a 
letter sent by his ma"" for the confirmacon of the same the 
(louei'no'' told mee for his former Comission it was worth 
nothint;- because hee was not to trade w"'in theire limitts, and 
for the Co]>[)ie of his ma'.^ letter hee said was a paper without 
any publiek notaries hand and was worth nothinu- being 
grounded vpon false informacon and that hee had seene one of 
them in Virginia and if it were; true it was gotten by some 
indirect meanes for they had not any notice of it from the I^ord 
I^altimore, and that hee intended to keepe the vessell w"" the 
goods I demaunded of him how wee should get home hee told 
mee should not returne for Kent but hee woidd send vs for 
England or for Kecotan 1 told him wee were in want of 
eoriie, hee said it could not bee, I offered to bee deposed that 
the Coppies were true, and that I had examined them, hee said 
my oath is as good as nothing, the next day hee sent for all the 
goods a shore w'''out any knowledg of myne or any of our 
c(»in|)anies and brooke open a ehest w'*' was both locked and 



\, 



145 



naylcd, the goods being: ashore I desired our Invoyee w"' a 
eertificate to sliew tlie reason of staying the vessell w'^'' with 
mneh a doe I had, some of our Beauer I see presently disposed 
of and some of tlie ch>th I saw sold to an iiidian haneing spent 
4 or 5 daies there and seeing noe hopes of haneing our vessell 
againe I desired the Gouernor wee might returne home 
w"*" with some other meanes I made by some friends hee 
graunted wee should goe : but hee was sorrie hee had noe boate 
to send vs home in : hauing at that tyme 3 boates riding at his 
dore. I told him if there was noe other way I would make 
some meanes by the indians w"*" hee graunted I should doe, 
the next day wee were aeiif (firai/ ^vithout either peeee or vietualls 
but one peeee w"*" I had myselfe haueing 20 leagers to goe 
w"'out any meanes but sueh as wee should find from the 
Indians w"*" Avitli greate danger it pleased god to send vs sale 
liome This I will bee readie to, iustifie vpon oath whensoeuer 
I shall bee therevuto ealled Tiro : Smith. 



No. 3. 
HENRY EWBANK'S ACCOUNT OF HIS CAPTURE. 

[Indorsement.] 

Copie of Henry 

Ewbaneks Relation 

Of Ills being Seized 

at the head of Patuxeut 

in \]m\ 1635. 

Tile Relation of Henrv K\\baiH'l< concerninge his beinge taken 
Prisoner at Matta|)pauy at tlie h('a<l of I'ataxuut liixcr 
the 5'" of Ai)rill 1 (i:V). 
19 



146 

I beingo at an Indian Towne ealed Matta])imny at the head 
of Potaxunt River tradingc for ffurrs by the appointni* of 
Cap* Clay borne there came vnto nie oner Land Cap* ffleete 
Cap* Huniber and two more charginge me by virtue of their 
Comission graunted from his Ma".* to the Lo : BaUimore to goe 
alonge w**" them to Mary-Land, to answer my tradinge before 
the Gouernof and that if I would not goe along quietly Cap* 
Humber told ine that he ^vould haue the Indians carry me 
wether I would or noe, soe I went alonge w**" them yet Cap* 
ffleete before fearinge that I would haue run away pmised the 
Indians that if I ran away the first of them that layd hands 
vpon me to stay me, he would giue them an hundred armes 
length Roneoke. beinge come from Mattappany to Potaxun 
Riuer there in Cap* Claybornes Pinnace w**" ]\Il" Smith and his 
Company o" men beinge all on Shoare but a little J3oy who 
was aboard, Cap* ffleete and Cap* Huniber tooke o'' small 
wherry and would haue gon aboard the said Pinnace, refusinge 
at first to take AP Smith alonge w*** them, who was aboard 
their Barge, he callinge to them and tellinge them th* he had 
his Ma*' Comission to trade, they then tooke him into the 
wherry and Rowed aboard the Pinnace and said that they 
would take her not^v*^standinge that Comission Mf Smith 
shewed them accountinge it and callinge it a Pap sayeing 
that it was a false Copy and if it were granted to Cap* Clay- 
borne from his Ma*!' it was granted and grownded vpon false 
Inforniacons & soe it was worth nothinge soe Cap* Humber 
bid his men haueing all ready boarded o"" Pinnace to waigh 
Anchor and fall Downc towards Mary Land, by the way we 
sto})iK'd at an Indian Towne called Potaxun where I would 
iiaue gon a shoare but Caj)' Humber would not Ictt me. from 
tluMice we rowed downe to the Mouth of the Riuer where we 
were turned a shoare out of o' Pinnace w'\)ut o' Armes to 



147 



travell to Mary Land on Ibote, beingc comcn thither wee 
remayned 3 or 4 dayes before wee could speake m-*'' the Gouer- 
no"" who at last beinge set in Court w"" Cap' Cornwallys and 
M'' Greene he sent for me in, when I came to the Gouorno' he 
said vuto me, did you come Sirrah from Mattapjiany I ans- 
wered him yes againe, he asked me what I did there and wlio 
sent me. I told him I traded for furrs w"' the Indians and 
that Cap' Clayborne sent me, Againe he said Sirrah how durst 
yo" trade tliere, knoweinge it was in the p'eincts of this Pro- 
vince and knoweinge of Cap' Claybornes vnlawfull and dis- 
honest practizes, w"* the Indians to cutt of this o"" Plantacon 
yo" beinge the Interp'ter and lustrum' to doe it, I replyd that 
I did not know that it was in their p^cincts, nor that Cap' 
Clayborne had euer practized w"" the Indians against them and 
that for my owne pte I would be deposd vpon my oath th' I 
was neuer an lustrum' or Interp'ted to the Indians for Cap' 
Claiborne, in any such kind, and pfered them to take my oath 
of it then but they would not giue it me, then he caused cer- 
taine writings to be made for me to sett my hand tt), and they 
were to eifect that I should Justifie that Cap' Claiborne had 
vnlawfully practized w"* the Indians against tliem, w'''' the 
Gierke to my best remembrance in readinge the writinge to 
me neuer menconed any such thinge. 

I had like to haue set my hand to it, belcivingc it had ben 
as the Gierke read it, but I takinge it in my owne hand and 
readinge it found it to be otherwise, then he reade it to me 
whercvpon I refused to set my hand to it, then the (Jouerno"" 
caused it to be changed twice againe, w°'' beinge don he told 
me it had ben all one if I had set my hand to the other, for 
they were all three as one in eifect, th(Mi agayne he told me he 
would either send me to Virginia or to England for I should 
not retourne to Cap' Clayborne any more to be his instrum' in 



148 



his vnlawi'ull practizes, hut afterwards the Goueriio'' riseinge 
from the tahle and conieinjre to me in a Milder way then he 
had ddii, hcfore calliiiti'e iiic \>y iiiv name toiild iiic if I would 
take iinployni' from him I should haue good meanes and be 
welcome to him, 1 replyd, S"" I can not answer it to be im- 
ploycd by yo" or any other beinge as yet Cap' Claybornes 
Couenant Seruant, then he said take imploym* of me and lett 
me alone to answer it, then he furtJier dcmaunded of me if I 
would resolue to take imploym' 1 told him noe then he bid me 
thiuke vpon it, Moreoner I heard him say that all the Baye 
downeward ■w^'in (> or 8 myles of Akamak both easterne 
shoare and AVesterne shoare was w^'in their p'cincts, and w"'in 
3 or 4 dayes after he sent me and the rest of o'' ( *< )mpany 
away w"'out Arnies or victualls to home in a Cannow a matter 
of twenty leagues through the Townes of the Indians. More- 
oner I remember that Cap' ffleete beinge set at supper w'^ 
Cap' Cornwallis and the Kinge of Potuxun fallinge into dis- 
course of the Accusations layd against Cap' Cla\borne, The 
last yeare Cap' ffleete sayd it had ben very breife in the 
Mouthes of the Indians all waves vntill that his last voyage 
and that then he said he heard nothinge, moreoner he said that 
he had sayd too much of it, and he thought not that Mr Haw- 
ley would haue drawen his comen discourse into Avritinge, if 
he had he would haue ben more warye, furthermore he told 
me that I had cause to thanke god that he came soe happily 
to take me out of" the hands of the Indians who as he said 
would haue killed mee, w*^'' I knt)W to be false and not soc, 
And againe the Indians told me that it was by meanes of 
Cap' Claybornes Cloth, w"'' Cap' ffleete tooke in his Pinnaces 
that he bought the BeavoMt beinge better liked of the Indians 
then tliat w*"'' they had of the (iouerno" the Indians sayeinge 



149 



it Avas nought. And all this 1 wilbe ivadv when I shall he 
called to be deposed on and soe I haue hereunto sett my hand. 

Signed 

Henry P^mbaxck. 



No. 4. 
SECRETARY KEMP TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorsement.] 

January 1638 

Mf Rich. Kemp to 

(Secretary) 

from Virginea 

[Superscription.] 

To the Right Hono"'.'^ and 
my very good Lord the 
Lord Baltimore 
these Present 

My Lord : 

I receiued yof Lor''?'* Commands of the second of August 
Last for the buying of ifortye neate Cattle, ten Sowes, fforty 
Henns and Ten Negroes to be Transported to S' INIarves for 
yo' vse. 

At the tynie of the receiuing of yo!" Ivor'^P'' sayd Letters I 
expected yo"^ Brothers arrivall daily in \"irgini:i, but vuder- 
standing after, that he Mas imbar(|ued about the Isle of Kent 
busines, I writt to him desiring advice from him, but at tin's 
date have heard nothing of him. 

I have onely hitherto made inquirye Avhere to maUc the 
purchase of what yo" de.sire, the reason why I have not dealt 
further is, ffirst the streightnes of the tyme limited nice being 



150 



Christmas, w""* was a short warnint»; and the tyinc of the yeare 
see vnscasoiiable that in likelv hood before they eould have 
bene deh'ti^'d they \\(»ul(l all have })erislied for want of fodder 
\\"^ is \('ry rare in Viri;,inea, and I beleeve not yett knowen 
in iSIarylaiid, but how ever tis the Most dangerous, and only 
fatall tynie for Murreine of Cattle, w''*' they fynd, Avho are 
best provided to p^serve them. 

When yo'l lirother and I eonferr, what lie shall find fitt to 
require of mee, shall lie i-eadily obeyed (my Creditt and all 
my Indeavours being at yo" LorT^ disposall) By the next I 
hope yo"^ Lor^P shall receine ou'' ioint Aceount in the busines. 

The (luj>li('ates of ou'" p''sent dispatehes I humbly herew'? 
p^'sent, whereby I doubt not but yoy Lor^'' will observe how 
the old, and inveterate malice of Si" John Harvey his Adver- 
saryes refleeteth likewyse vpon mee, instanced in two particu- 
lars, One about the Invoices, ^^^'='' ^vas soe strange a thing to 
the Sub Committees (as divers Informed mee who were 
p^sent when they sate about the reference of those Petitions 
the Copyes whereof are now sent yo") that many Interroga- 
toryes past from them, why the two pence p Cask should be 
payed, and why the Scc'tarye should have it, w"' nuich other 
Language shewing noe good meaning toAvards mee, (for it 
seemeth I am a Rub in theire way) 

The other in that Capt West in his Complaint against Sf 
John Harvey bringeth mee in allso as much guiltye for re- 
ceiuing fine shillings for a Tickett for every Passenger that 
goeth out of the Colonye. The first yo' LorP.f will fynd fully 
Answered in the duplicate if they will allow of the Kings 
Order. 

The other I will never deny to have receiued l)eing War- 
ranted thereto by my Conmiission, as being a fiee belonging 
to all 8ec''taryes before mee and soe rated by Act of Assembly, 



151 



before my tynie, And yf Capt West had bethoiif^lit liimself'e 
he might have knowen, that by an Order of Court three yeares 
before my arrivall (himselfe being one att the making thereof) 
the Sec'^tarye may receiue ten shillings for every passe, and soe 
pportionably double for all other flfees more then I ever de- 
manded. I have p''sumed to trouble yof LorP.P w"' the Copyes 
of the Aets, and of the sayd Order of Court hoping of yof 
Lor^J" favour to pduce them if there shall be Occasion. 

The frequent, and Constant Reports this yeare of a Com- 
panye comming vpon vs doe at j)''sent much distract vs, in so 
much that most are rather contriving how to desert the place 
then too loose any more Indeavour heere, where noe stabilitye 
of theire Affaires is to be expected. 

Yof Hono? interest (I feare) will not be least in the p'^iudice 
thereof for yf some of the cheifest of those who designe a 
Companye be true to theire Oaths, yo" must expect all the 
opposition that malice can giue. 

I hope yo'' Lorf? will fynd power and meanes to prevent 
them, yf wee can leape this Rub I doubt not but on' Affiiires 
will run a more even course heerafter. Thus resting 
Yo!' Lor^P^ humbl}^ to serve yo" 

Rich : Kemp. 
After the writing hereof yo'' Brother 
arrived heere at James Towne, by ^\'llom 
I receiued a further Command from yol' IjorPP 
then was intimated to mee in yo'' Ix>tter, w"}^ 
was alx)wt the sparing of yo!" LorlP some 
Sheepe, wherein I will willing serve yof 
Ijor"!'' Humbly desiring yo"" Honol" to accept 
from mee Ten Ewes, and a Ram, w"}" 
I will deliu' this Siuniner to yo'' I>rother 
for vo"" vse. 



152 



Yof lirothor and I havt' likewvse conferrd 

al)()wt vo' domands, the ('(niclusion wliereof 

lie Iiiitli ])iiiisc(l mcc to i>:iiK' yo"" LorT an Account 

ol", As allso ot" a ])position w"'' if intended 

(accordino- to tlic Information to vs broufjlit) 

and dt'uly |)S('(|ut('d, and assisted may perchance 

gine a blow to the new Companye, if it be not advanced 

too iai'i- allreadye. 



No. 5. 
SECRETARY KEMP TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

[InJorseiueut.] 

25 Aprill 1()88 
Mr Rich : Kemp to 
me. 

from Virginea 
against Mr ITawlev. 

[Superscription.] 

To the Right Hono''.'*' and my 
very good Lord the Lord 
Baltimore these 
present 

My Lord 

liy my Last of the <)'.•" of Aprill F p'sented yof LorP'' w"' 
tlie duplicates of the Acts of on'" I^ast Assembly w'^ the whole 
proceedings thereof, And because what concerneth the interest 
of soe noble a Ifrciud may be noe vnwellcome Information to 
yoV T haue herew'!' presentwl yof Lor':"' w'.'' the Copye of the 
Pattent sent this veare to mv Tvord Matravers. 



153 



I beseecli yof Lort^ to allow mee of yof favour in the ac- 
quainting yo" how it stands w"' vs vpon the arrivall of the 
new Treasiu'er M!" Hawlye. The generall disgust of the In- 
habitants was and is such against him that the I^ast Assembly 
had disabled him from that place, and power he holds, liad 
not the (ioverno!' and Counsell curbd tlieire pceedings. 

At that tynie M!" Hawlye had giveu noe other account to vs 
of the extent of his power then what his commission expressed 
w"** warranted him noe further then what did belong to former 
Treasurers and expressly for the Receiuing of the quitt Rents 
in the Execution whereof ney ther the Governof nor any of 
the counsell conceiued any iniurye to themselues. 

When the Assembly was dissolved, he then pduced to vs 
his Instructions, wherein ffines, and all other per(|iiisites to the 
King were expresslye w"'in the Ly mitts of his commission, as 
allso all Grants of Land were first to passe his appbation, and 
allowance and vpon what tearmes they were to ])asse was left 
to his discretion. 

In which particulars the Governo^ and Coiuisell had lust 
cause to doubt what his Intendments were. 

The (joverno!' found his mayne subsistance taken away, 
And in esjieciall manner such a mayme it must be to all suc- 
ceeding Governo"".' that how they can Hue w%ut forcing meanes 
of being from the people is not in my experience of the place 
to sett downe, for granting the Kings pension of one thowsand 
j)ounds ]) annum payed after the Kates of provision in this 
country (hiring or building of bowsing being considered) it 
can in noe measure giue him supportance ecpiall to the Quallitye 
of his place. 

And for the (Jrants of Land as the tearmes haue ben 
allwayes certeine soe the priviledge and jiower of granting 
haue by Antient Charter bene given and as in all succeeding 
20 



154 



tvmcs soe the Last yoare were a^aine c(»nHrnied to the Gov- 
crno'' and Counscll. Tliis suddein Alteration as it gives 
inlinitc distiaetion to the people, soe it must \v%ut (l(>ul)t 
iniich disc'ourag'e, and dishearten those who liaue, and doe 
serve his nia''*' heere in the places of Governo" and Counsell. 

.Vnd heere yo!" liorP? may please to gine mee leave to be 
something: sensible of my owne suffering;. The Office and 
benefitt of tlie Invoices w*"'' was formerly belonging to the 
place of Secretary is noAV by expresse Avarrant a peculiai' per- 
quisite to his place (this following I receiue by information). 
His Intents are to gaine the profitts of the Pattents, and to 
liaue the keeping of the Scales, what is the remaynder of my 
ifees will not cloth, and paye one Clarke yearely. 

Mv Predecessor in this place had an allowance of twenty 
servants and cattell w*** all what I at any tyme have inioyed 
what soe many servants in those tymes when Tobacco was 
sold for foure shillings p pound might ycild may without 
over Rating be valeiwed at one thousand pounds p Annum, 
this allowance (as it belonged to former Secrtaryes) was granted 
mcc, vet I inioy noe part of it, though the Labour of the 
place be doubled. 

And if Mr Hawley thus gleane from mee, and w"'all in- 
crease my toile (for his Execution and .Vccompt will be very 
short w^'out my help, and furtherance from the Records, I 
concciuc vol" LorP.P will Judge I doc not without cause exhi- 
bitc this my greiuauce. 

Why I haue taken the boldnes to trouble yof Lor^.'' w'!" this 
Relation, without the Least Intimation heerein to any other, 
with favour I am thus induced. Because I receiue from \n- 
(loiibtcd Information tliat the effect of M!" Mawlye his busincs 
proceeded from yor Lor'.'" favour in his behalf. 



155 



I am from my owne assurance as confident that yof Lor'?' 

intents had noe aime eyther of pubhq greiuance, or lessening 

those whose service yo" may please in any tryall to command. 

All w"^ therefore I liunibly tender to yo"^ Lor^P^ consideration. 

Resting. 

Yol' Lor^r* Humbly to serve yo" 

Rich : Ke^ip. 

James Cittic this 25':'' of 

Aprill 1<)38. 

Yof Brother the other day ac(|uaynted mee w"* yof LorT' 
commands to ppound to the next Assembly that for the better 
Regulating of the Trade in the Bay, the bounds of yo!" Lor^F' 
Province might be sett downe in an Act w^'in w*"'' those of 
Virginia should not Trade, w"'out Lycense from thence and 
soe on the contrarye, wherein I will not fayle eifectually to 
serve yo"' LorP? 



No. 6. 
SECRETARY KEMP TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Inilorserueiit.] 

4Febr: 1688 
Mr Rich : Kemp 
Secre : of A'irginea to 
me 

Concerning Sf 

Frances Wvatt 

from Virginea 

[Superscription.] 

To the Right irono'''"^ and my 
very good L(»rd the Lord 
Baltimore these 

Iiumblv Present 



156 



j\Iy Ijord 

I receiiici.! J^atdy a rA'ttci- from Sarieant Maior Dunne and 
a TxMftenant Evelyn wherein I was desired w"' all secrecyeand 
dispatch to certifve eerteine depositions to ])i-()ve the designe of 
poisoning the Indians in the tynie of 8!' ftraneis Wyatts Gov- 
ernment, as allso that throngh his Oversight and vnskillfnll 
Carriage many people were drawen from tlieire Plantations to 
theire greate p'indiee and to the much dishonour of the Nation, 
to \v'^' purpose I haue vsed all possible Indeavour and sent 
them in this inclosed packett w* other materiall writings 
extracted out of the Records affirming the 81averye indured by 
the people theere vnder the Tyrannye of the Companye. 
Tlieii-e further ^Vdvice was to direct my Letters in a Cover 
eyther to my Lord Matrevers & Mr Endimion Porter for 
Capt Bond (they being both his ifreinds) But I have 
declined that course not being Confident enough of a safe con- 
veiance to ev'ther of theire hands. And therefore Assuring 
my selfe of yof Lori'r^ pardon heerin I did peure one 
My Clegy an Agent for Ml' Jennings to direct the packett to 
him and by this meanes to be sent to yo'' Lor':''. 

By the ffirst Sliipp the Rebecca yof Lor'^P may perchance 
have vnderstoode of the bad newes w*^*" then freshly arrived 
before the going of that sliipp concerning the cutting of yo" 
peo})le at Maryland. But I am confident it Avill prove but an 
Indian fiam to amaze vs v,"^ is usuall among them. My 
reasons being that both yo!' Brother himselfe and Boates from 
this Colonye speedilye went to inquire tlie truth, av''' if it had 
bene on" owne Boates at least would have returned and given 
the alarum, fi)r if th' be soe, the Danger knocketli att our 
ow lie (lores, and wee are resolved to meete it and not Attend it. 

Next wee have made particular in(|uirve both of the Chi- 
cohomino- Indians and the Pamonkev Indians whoe are 



157 



ncitjhboiirin^ to the Wicocomicoes concerning whom the 
K('})ort <>;oeth, that it was committed by tliem. But these 
know nothing- thereof, w"'' if" they did, tliev would ffreely 
relate beino- Enemyes at p''sent to those Wicocomicoes. vf 
they have attempted anything and that more danger be 
doubted. Wee Avill be readye w"' our whole forces to Vin- 
dicate yo'" Cause, and assure theire further safetyes. Thus 
liumbly resting 

Yo7 LorPP^ faithfully and humbly to 
serve yo" 
James Cittve this 4"" of Rich : Kemp 



ffebruary 1638. 



No. 7. 
THOMAS COPLEY TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorsemeut.] 

3 Aprill 1638 

M-: Tho. Copley to 

me, 

from S' Maries 

heerein are demands of very 

extravagant priuiledges 

[Superscription.] 

To the Eight Hon''!^ the 
I^ord Baltamor these ])e 

Right Honera^'" 

r wrot unto your lor'l'' laitly ucry largly by Captaine Hop- 
son, enclosed in a letter to my cousen (ienio, and befor that in 
a letter sent bv Afl' Robert Kuclintic. Xow tlicrlbr onlv 



158 



according; to tlic ]>i*escnt occasion, I will giuc your lor*!" some 
accoiiniptc touchingc the laitc assembly and the ju'oceedings 
thereof^ — 

First then as I acquainted your lor""' in my former letter It 
was not fitt that we should be there in person, aiuJ our Pyo.r/.s- 
would not he cuJiiiltfed hi that nidnner, as we could send them, 
and therfor as M^e weare excluded thence, Soc 'sve did not in- 
termeddle \v"' them there. Vet J/r Luf/ar co)i(r<ni'ni(/ f/iaf 
some that had reUdion to us weare not soe fauourable to his irai/e, 
as he desired, seemed in some sorte to attribute the same to us, 
But I will assure your lorl® that he was much mistaken, 
for truly we weare noe cause therof, as he might easily haue 
gathered in that William Lewis who is our ouerseier, and had 
more Proxis then all the rest, was euer concurring w'? him, 
w1'' could not haue binne if we had l)inne auerse, but howso- 
euer, I canne not heare that euer any of the rest weare auerse 
to any thinge that concerned your lor^^ and therfor if he 
should write any thinge to that etfecte, your lor'* may be con- 
fidente that they are meere friuolous suspitions of liis owne, 
w"'out any true grounde. Truly the diuill is uery busie here 
to raise such lyke apprehensions, w"'' though most false, yet 
they serue his turne to hinder much the frute, \\"}' otherwyse 
we might haue, but I trust that you lor'"' will be warye of 
them, and not doubte, but that next unto god, we are sincerely 
your lor""!"^ perhapc much more then those, who seeming more, 
are indeed most there o^\'ne. 

Touching the lawes w"*" your lor^.^ sent, I am told that they 
would not be accepted and, eucn the Gouenor, and Mr Lugar 
said once to me, that they weare not fitt for this Colonye. for 
myne owne j)arte, seeing noe seruicc that 1 could doc your 
lor'!* tlierin and many inconuenices that I might runne into by 
intermedlinsxe, I neuer soe much as rede them nether doe I yet 



159 



know what tlu'V coiitaiiied ; for tlu' teiuiiorall prouidcnce 
I left my 8clf"o to your lor'.'^ and foi- matter of conscience, 
I supposed that your lor'." had taken i2;ood aduisc wliat occasion 
then could I liaue to intermeddle aboute them ? The hnirs 
«•'■'' noir arc scut to your (or''." I neuer knew nor saw till euen 
now, that they weare ready to l)e s(>nt to your lor''.'' And 
there beino- hast to send them, I only u'ott a hasty new of 
them. Yet diverse things euen in that hasty reeding oecured 
to me, w"'* I conceaued requisite to ac(juainte you w"' all, lean- 
ing them to your lor^.^ more serious consideration. 

First then reflecting on the Infancy of this Plantati(tn, and 
on the many diflficultye tliat are in conserning it, many things, 
that herafter when it should be fully planted might be ju'ofit- 
able unto it, at this time seemed lyklier to keepe it backe then 
to forwarde it. As for example wheras It is required, that 20 
men he rv(/cKfrc(l licrc hcfor ant/ one canne pretend to a mannor, 
I doubtc uery much, whether many will be found in England, 
that will be able and willing to uenture at first such a charge, 
easpecially if they reflecte, that in case some of there men dye 
runne away or miscarry, they nuist turne freeholders, and out of 
the remainder of there misfortune pay for euery hundred acre 
of ground yeerly one barrell of Corne, a paiment ])erhaj)s not 
uery heauy to one who gitting a maite and lal)ouring liiithfully 
hiniselfc, and taking but om- hundred aciv, will haue noe 
greate difhcultye to pay it, but to a gentleman, who hath 
a companye of headstronge seruants w"'' in the beginning 
easpecially shall scarcly maintaine themselue, this burden will 
cunnne heauy. 

And accordingly M!" (Ireene one of the (Gentlemen that 
canime in the .Vrke, reflecting that besydes the losse of his halfe 
share of trucke, he was now to ])ay tenne barrells of C'orne for 
his lOOOO acres and that onlv he had three men to raise that 



160 



and iiiaintaiiic liiinsclfl' and his w vfc confidently tdld nio that 
hi' mnst necessarily deserte the C'olonye. lUit fnrther suppose 
that one should raise men sufficient to uit a Mannor, Yet 
when he shall ivfleete, that whatsoeuer liap])enetli, he caune 
n(»t sell his Mannor, but by keeping it he must be necessitated 
to line where perhaps he hath noe will, I doubte that many 
w ill be tci'rified by that hazard. Besyds, by these laws euery 
lord of a ^Nlanuor must pay 20 shillings for euery thousand 
acres, he nuist in his owne persons, ic^^ all his able men and 
free holders, be mnstered, and be subiecfe to the fines and punish- 
inciifs of the innsfer rnolsfcr, who may search his munition 
euery month, and perhaps ])unish him for that w''*' he could 
not ])ossil)ly git. In the seruice of the comitry he must send 
lo freemen, and by those of his IMannor maintaine them 
during the time of seruice he must prouide himselfe and his 
men w"' necessarie nuniition, he shall not trade, but be com- 
pelknl to plante, though most of those that maide the la we, 
haue tolde me that there is noe commoditye to be gott by 
planting. His taxes and publique seruice must be more then 
in other countrys, because the men here are uery few, and if 
these lawe shall be executed by busye heads, the uexations 
tliey may raise upon uery few men will not be few, and yet if 
through the abuse of some base baleife or the lyke officer they 
should happen to stricke an officer, he shall loose lyfe lands and 
goods. Truly I am sure that if these things should be 
exactly pursued, that few would tarry, and whether if by 
publiipie lawe such things be once bruted many will cunuiie, I 
doubte much. This I am sure that some liere refiectino: on 
what they Ikuk' donne say ])]ainly that if they cannc not line 
here, they eanne line else where, and therfor that they care 
not much. Others complaine uery nuieh that l)y the many 
Proxies w"** the Gouernor, Mf Lugar, and there instruments 



161 



had g-otten, thev did what they woiihl, w"'uut any restraints at 
all. Others already (question the Validity of tliey lawes be- 
cause they say that they canne prooue, tliat they weare neuer 
red thrice in the same tenor, others say other thinii's, and if the 
only apprehension of future consequence already beginne to 
affright them, ^yhat Ayill the consequence themselu(> doe. 
Truly I doubte that euen in the most fiourishino- countrys 
lords of Mannors, Ayould conceaue such lyke laAvs some Ayhat 
burdcnsom. What then \yill those apprehend, \yho shall be 
soe ^veake that they shall scarcely be able to stande of them- 
selues? Certainly I C(mceaue that your lor'." will rather 
thinke it fit to nourish and su])j)ort younge sprigs, then 
to depresse them ; and to goe aboute to gather frute befor it 
be planted, and ripe, is neuer to haue frute. 

Btd pefhapcH some may he of opinion, f/iaf if j/oiir lor''." catinc 
hiif htiiic flic frade of Bcdncr (ind Coftic to i/oiir xclfc, the jj/an- 
fdfioit i.s not much to be regarded. And the fewer there are the 
better cheire will be for them, and that amonge Ruens they 
shall alwaye find some-thinge. Yet against this I Avould de- 
syre your lorP" to reflecte that in a flourishing plantation, Your 
lor''.** shall euer be sure of a growing ]W)fit and honor. l)ut in 
these ])ettye trades and in raking out of mens necessitye, the 
honor will be little, and the profitt uery uncertaine. Some 
that are immediate actors perhaps may gitt some thinge, but 
your lor''.** shall be sure if you your selfe haue the profite, to 
make large disbursnients, and to receaue large accoumpts, and 
besydes I am of o]iinion that god will not prosper such 
designes, where if your lorP." reiccting them sticke to your first 
designes, god in time will giue them a happy successe, and 
raise to your self'c and your seed iioe small Blessinge. Here 
certainly nothinge is wanting but jM^tple let it be j)eopled, and 
it shall not yeeld to the most flourishing country for profltt 

21 



162 



and |»lcasiirc, tlic ])r()m((tiii(;' then of this must he your first 
ainie, and tiiis your lor'!"' must encouragv l)y all means, and 
when your f'ruts are rijx', it will he time to uatlicr them. Now 
only you must nourish plants, and Avliile you expeet fruts from 
others, by yoiu" self'e seeke f'ruts from the earth, w'''* may 
he cjathered in plenty, if your lor^* please to cumme and see, 
and I'csoluc on the hest, for mine o^vne parte I haue soe good 
an apprehension of the eountry, that I noe way repent me of 
my iourney, but line uery ccmtentedly and doubte not but if I 
eanne haue paeienee and expeete the seazons, I shall find as 
happy frnte here as in any other parte of the Morld. But 
endeetl the old saings are true that Roome was not Ijulte in a 
day, and that such as will lipe ouer style, befor they cumme at 
them, shall l)r('ake there shin, and perhaps not gitt ouer the 
still soe (|ui(kly, as those, who eunnne to them, befor they goe 
ouer. 

Many other things to this effect will occure to your lor'!^ 
upon better consideration then I could take, yet these oceuring 
I could not omitte to suggest them. I beseech almighty god, 
that your lor':' may make the best use of them, to gods great- 
est glorie, and your owne temple. But now I will say some 
thinge of f/tc Lwounenk'nec fallnge by these hurex of the ehurch 
(>f (p<U I'''''' 'shoiihJ haue binne regarded in the first place, but 
was not thought of, as it seemeth by the lawe. In w'''' 

First there is not any care at all taken, to ])roni()te the cou- 
uersion of the Indians, to prouide or to shew any fauor 
to Ecclesitisticall persons, or to ])reserue for the church the 
Innnunitye and priueledges, w'^'' she enioyeth euery where 
else ; lint rdtliev J/!" LiK/ar seemeth to (lefeii<t ajtiiiioiis here, th(tt 
nhe hdfh noe i)riualedges iure diuino. That bulls Canons and 
Casuists are little to be regarded in these cases, because they 
speake for themselues, as if others oposiug them had noe selfe 



163 



interest and thcrfor nnist know l)ettei* what belon^js to the 
chnrch then she hirselt'e. That Pn'ueledge arc not due to the 
church till the common wealths in w"** the church is grante 
them. And therfor whih' they grante none, I donhfc fhai iiof 
o)i/i/ J/r Li((/((r, but aim some others that I fcare ((dlicrc to innch 
to him, eonceaue that they may proceed w'?* Ecclesiasticall 
persons an w'^ others, and accordingly they seeme to rcsolne to 
bind them to all there lawes, and to exacte of them as of 
others, and in practice already they hane formerly granted 
warrants against some that dwell w"* us, whom though the 
shrive (who hath formerly bin a purseuante, and is now a 
cheife protestante) desyred me to send him downe, Yet he 
added (euen befor the Gouernor if I be not mistaken) that lie 
must otherwyse fech him downe. Againe euen alreadi/ b<for 
your lor^f haue co)tJirined the lawes ; J/r Lugar hath demaunded 
of me to he paid this yeere fifteene hundred weight of Tobacco 
toirards t/ic bu/diitg a fort, Wheras I dare boldly say that the 
whole Colony together neuer bestowed on me the worth 
of tine hundred weight one would thinke that enen out of 
Gratitude, they might free us from such kinde of taxation 
easpecially seing, we put noe taxc upon them, but healpe 
them gratis, and healpe them also in such a manner, that I am 
sure they eanne not complaine. 

Hiecoiidhj by the new tawe we should, re/iiujuisli what we Jxiue, 
and then cast lotts in what place we shall chooce, and if our 
lott prooue ill, what we haue already may be chosen from us 
and soe we may beginne the world anew, and then ether we 
must loose all our buldinge, all onr cleeriug, all our en- 
closures, and all our tennants, or else be forced to sitt free- 
holders, and to pay for euerv hundred acres one baiTcll of 
corne wheras we are not vet in a little care to i>itt bread. 



164 



8**.'^ Thoiioli \vv sliould hauc the best lott ; yet if we should 
choose M('taj);iiii:in first, then we are sure to loose Mr Gerards 
ManiKU-, n()t\\"'stan(lino' tliat we liaue bought it at a deere 
raite, and ii" \\c pennite tills preeident that Assemblys may 
alter mens riglits ; noe man shall shall nener be sure of what he 
liath, but he that eanne git most proxis iu euery assembly 
shall dispose of auy mans estate that he pleaseth, w'''' is most 
unhiw tnll in the chnrehes state, for any secular man to doe, 
and for ecclesiasticall persons to pennite. 

^thiy q\ii'})f(i (ij)ij 3T(niJior, we mu.st be trained as sooldeirsve 
VI list jirntiide iiniiilfio)), we must haue in euery mannor 15 free- 
men ready for the seruice of the country, whom we must also 
maintaine in time of seruice, and others things we should be 
subiecte to by these lawes, w"'' would be uery unfitt for us. 

T)"/ It is exix'cted that euery head plante two acres of 
(\trnc, wheras therfor already we tind by experience that we 
canne not ]>ossibly employ lialfe our number in planting, we 
must ether turne planters ourselues, or else be forced to be 
trenching upon this law and as more cumme in unlesse our men 
also increase we shall still trench more. 

()'*!'■' 11 V should not oii/if loo.sr our trade in Beaver and 
Come, but eiien for the coriie uf^ we shall need to buy for bread, 
we must askc leaue, and if such as are to giue leaue should 
haue a desygne to monopolize the Corne, or for any other 
resjiects would be crose, u})on ^\•hat extremityes would the 
(piickly cast us ; really, I should be uery loth to line at the 
curtes}' of other men. 

7^Y Though I ((m resolned to take no hind hid under //our 
lor'" fif/e yet time may cumme, that perhaps it would prooue noe 
snudl iiiconueuicncc^ that a coiuicrtcd Indian Kingc may not 
giue to him to conucrtcth soe much land as might suffice 
to bnld a clnu'ch or a house on, And I would dcsvre vour 



165 



lor''.® to enquire whether any one that should ^oe al)oute 
to restraine eeclesiasticall libertys in this points eneurrc not 
the exconiniunieations of" Bulla Cwnte 

8'? //* cucrij Mdiiiior 100 (icrrx iniisf he htid out tor (lleabe 
lande, if then the intention should be to bind them to be pas- 
tors who enioy it, we must ether, by retaining soe much euen 
in our owue land undertake the office of Pastors, or lesseeuen 
in our owne Mannor niaintaiue I^astors, both w''' to us would 
be uery Inconuenient. 

9'?' That it may be prenented that noe woman here now 
chastety in the world, unlesse she marry w"'in seauen veers 
after land fall to hir, she must ether dispose away of hirland, 
or else she shall forfeite it to the nexte of kinne, and if she 
haue but one Mannor, wheras she eanne not alienaite it, it is 
gonne unlesse she git a husband. To Avhat purpose this 
ole law is maid your lor^® perhaps will see better then I for 
my parte I see greate difficultyes in it, })ut to what purjiose I 
well see not, 

10'-^ //( the order sett downe for paiment of debts, I had not 
time to examine it, I desyn your lor^*" to gift it well ])ondered, 
for I doubte It runneth not right w* that w* is ordinarily 
prescribed by C^asuits as iust. 

11'?' I)i the SJf, law ainonge the Miormous Crime One is 
Exercisinge iuridiction and authorUye, ic'^^out la vfu II poicer and 
commission diriued from the lord proprietarie, Herby euen 
by Catholi(|ues a law is ])rouide(l to liange any catholiciue 
bishop that should cumme hither and also euery ])reist, if the 
exercise of his functions be interprited iuridiction or authority. 
Diuerse other things I doubte not but that your lorl* will ob- 
seruc, when w"' better consideration then I haue donne, you 
shall reed ouer these lawes. Yet this may suffice to giue your 
lor"^" a Caution not to be iiuiolued in these o-rose ouersvtihts. 



1(36 



I liopo that ijods jjraco time and good instruction may l)y 
(U'tl-ircs make men here more sensable of god, and of his 
cluircli and of the eonuersion of Infidels hertofor soe much 
|»r(tcn(h'(l J Jut for the present gods cause is committed to 
your h>r'!' hands 

And that your h)r'"' may be sure to proceed right therein, I 
beseech your h)r'!'' befor you doe any thinge aboute these 
lawcs, that you wouhl be pk>ased to reed oner and to ponder 
well the I)ulhi Oente. SccoikI/i/ that in f/iinf/>< eo)iccnihi</<' the 
cliiirc/i i/our /or''" would take (jood (idiiisc of the clinrch. 
Thirdly that your lor'!'^ would be uery ^vary not to trench 
upon the churt'h and where any thinge may seeme to trench, 
to use fitt prneueution against the bad consequence. And to 
licalpe to settle our quiet here. I beseech your lor^.® to send 
me a priuate order, that we may while the gouerment is 
eatholique enioy thes priuiledges follow 

The Jii-st that the ehurvli and our hoitses may be Sanctuarie 

T/ic .seeond that our selue.s and our doine.stique .seruaids, and 

halfe at least of our plantinc/ serufnds^ rnai/ he free from, pub- 

lique taxes and, seruices, And that tlie rest of our seruants and 

our tennanfs, though exteriorly the doe as others 

All tiieir ten- in the Colony, Yet that in tlie manner of exact- 

nants as well • i • -i. • j-i i.i j. x" i-i 

nig or doing it, priuatlv the custome ot other 
as seruants "- _ o 7 i 

he intimates catlioliques couiitrve may be obserued as much as 

heere ought niay be that catholiques out of bad practice 
to be exempt- * ,■ • ^ 1 11 

eJ from tiit- '"""'•^i*' '^''^ to torgit tliose (Uic resjiects w" they 

t e m p o r a 1 1 owe to god and his church. 

gouerment. y./,^, ^/^;^.j -^ fJ^^^^ ff ,^ ;^^ u,dj/ique U'e suffer 

\_No(e in Bed- J 1 1 .!' 

timore'Hhcmd.] '^"'' ''«"■"<'' to be heard and trycd by the ])ubli(pie 
magestrats, yet that in ])riuate they know, that 
they doe it but as arbitrators and dcfendors of the church 
because Ecclesiastical 1 iiu'idiction is not vet here setled. 



167 



The fourth. Tlidf in our oinic jxrxoii.s and ir"' such as are 
ncrdfii// to ((ssisfc /^s•, ire mav freely <;(»e, abide and Hue ani()ng;e 
the Sauages, w'*" out any Heence to be had liere from the 
Gouernor, or any otlier. 

lastly, that thout>li we relinquish the use of many eeelesias- 
tieall ])riueledoe wjien we iudge it eonuenient for satisfaction 
of the state at home, yet that it be left to our disei'etion 
to determine when this is requisite; and that we be suffered to 
enioy such other j)riueledges as we may w'!' out note. 

AikJ foitchinc/ our iciiiporaJtiirs. Jirsf I hcscech your lor'!" 
that we may take up and keepe see mueh laude, as in my for- 
mer letters I acquainted your lor^"^ to be requisite for our 
present occasions, according to the first conditions w'^'' Ave maid 
w"' your lorP® and that albeit we now take not nj) neere our 
due, }'et that herafter we may take it u\) when we find it titt 
according to our aduentures. And if of that w'^'' we now haue 
a parte ])roue eonuenient to be laide out for a towne at 
S' ^lai'ies. Be confidente that I will be as forwarde and free as 
any. Soe that things be carried in a faire and je(|uall manner. 
But I uerily belieue that if the lande be left in our hand, the 
place shall much sooner be bult on and planted, then if it be 
taken out. 

/// f/ic trade I s/ki// reqiiesfe find i/oiir lor'"' perfoi'ine soe iitiic/i, 
as that we may employ o>ie bote ir/ieiisociier ire s]i(ill not ot/ier- 
irjjsc use it, j\Iy reason is, because of necessitye ^\■e must 
keepe a bote and when we use hir not, if we haue not this 
enphjiment for hir we shall not be able to suj)porte in'r charge. 
The thinge is uery necessarie for us, and not iueonuenient to 
your lor'!'' whatsoeuer some ouer greedy to engrose this trade 
may suggest to the contrarie. I assure my selfe that your 
lor'!"' will not stande w"' us for soe small a matter. The game 
I ualew uerv little, but the conueniency uery much, and 



1(38 



tluTlor 1 l)c.seet'li your lor'!" not to riiniic ii^ into a create 
iuconuonience for a uery small or noe profit! to your selfe. 

I (h~s}/rc /f/hrt/sc from your lor''." a free (ircudc to hm/ corn 
of tlif Indians \\"Y)Ut asking; /cduc here, for endeexJ It will be a 
(jreofe pre^^sure to eate our bread at there curtesye, who as yet 
T iiaue found but uery little eurtuous. Certainly ^vhile the 
clicife of this Colony thus wlioly nciilcct planting-, and tliinke 
on nothing- hut on a pedling trade certainly in the Colony, 
they will still make a scarcity of bread, and in that scarcity 
if we shall not be able to healpc ourselucs nor the Colonye 
w"'out there leaue, that mak(» the want, many g;reate difficul- 
tyes nia\' follow. Certainly I haue this yeere planted, much 
more, then the g;reatest parte of the Colonye besyde, and soe 
intende to continue what I am able, because endeed in planting 
r ])lace my g;reatest hope, yet for some veers I know that I 
must buy, and in buying there canne be noe inconuenience to 
your lor'l" to grante me a generall licence. And therfor I 
trust that your lor'''' will not denye it, and to encourage your 
lor'l" to doe us fauour, this much I will be bold to tell your 
h)]-^" that though my principall intention be to serue your 
lor'? to the j)rime end, w"'' is the healpe of soules, yet in 
peojiling; and planting this place, I am sure that none haue 
donne neere soe much as we, nor endeed are lykly to doe soe 
much. ^Ye are resolned to line and dye here under your 
],„,i>u ^^,ch J j|,j,,|^,. i\,^y others are. Sweete Jesus grante that 
all may Ix' to his greatest glorie, and if to this your lor''." freely 
coucurre, (iod I doubte not will also eoncurre w"' your lorl^and 
for this blesse the rest, w"** I beseech him to doe w"' as many 
Blessings as he wisheth who will cuci- be 

Your lor''" serious well wisher and 
seruant T. C. 

S. Maries this :] ol'Aprill 
1638. 



169 



Siin'c till' writing' of the formci- k'tter I am told that 
Mr Lugar defends pnhliquc/t/ in flic (hlony, that an (issiinhlji 
niai/ (Jixposc Jicr<' of any mans lands or goods as it please 
if this weare onee bruted and belieiied I conceaue that none 
^v<>nld etlu>r cumme or abide here, easjieeially where if any 
factions working man canne but jiroenre an ouerswaing num- 
ber of Voices by Proxes, he shall undoe whome he please, 
and none shall l)e sure of any thinge that he hath, seeing 
experience hath shewed that one fJiaf n-on/d I ( (ho r for it, may 
quickly git such a faction and such an ouerswaing uoice 
of Proxis that he may carry what he will really I much feare, 
that this ouerbusye stirringe to many new (juerks and deuises, 
will neuer doe your lor';*' nor the Colony good. I pray god it 
doe not much harme, according to the old ]irouerb(> that a 
busye man neuer wants Woe. 



No. 8. 
THOMAS CORNWALEYS TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

K) A prill 1038 

JNP Tho : Cornwalevs 

to me 

from S' Maries 
Right Hoi' 

I receaued y' Let!' dated the 2."): of May last for w*^" and 
y'' therein nobly proffered tavoures, I should before this time 
haue retourued humble thanks, had 1 not hoped in person toe 
haue kist y' hands this yeere in England, But y!" I>o1' Ser- 
vice an<l the j)retended (rood of INfarylaud, would not permit 
mee toe provide for my Journy, nor yet toe follow my owne 
affayres when my best dilligencc had l>eene most vrgently 

22 



170 



ncedrf'ull for tlie Aocomodatiiio; of them toe niv l)cst Advan- 
t:u'"('. \V''.'' how ]n\'\u(Mfi(i// if jjroncd foe nice hccre ('apt: 
Anfliomi IIopsoii wlioc with his Ship was t!icii vpoii his 
(lc])ai'ture from hense can partly inforiiu' yon if you siip]X)se 
it worth the (questioning, Aiul irJuit it may bee in Ktujland 
ahonld ini/ in'iics fooc prnbah/c i)i(Ji.'<jjosition disenable her from 
mdUftgciiif/ //(// ((Jf'ai/rc.s there, //'' Lo'': may Imaf/in. Yet I 
think uon can say tliat uiy Pryvate Interrest made mee mueli 
repine at the Authorety that comanded mee, nor negligently 
Execute what was expected from mee, w'^'^ though it proued 
nothing soe difficult or dangcrouse as was Imageined, yet 
I suppose the Easy effecting of the busynes, doth not demin- 
ish the desert of good Desires, but mixy j hi -^ for iioe impertinent 
(leinonstration, of my rea/l respeetx toe y'' Lo''!' Serviee, notwith- 
standing the many Sugiestions made toe you of the Contrary, 
of w"^ wer(> I Guilty more then I supposed Honor and 
Conticns did oblige mee, I should not I feare haue the 
Humillety toe deny it, obstinasy beeing allwayse the effect of 
self conceited opinions, of w"'' I hope I am soe Innocent that 
if youre Lo'' : or any other can Accuse mee for Avilfully 
swarueing from that vnblameable rule l)y w''' I j)retend toe 
Guide myself and my Actions I am soe far from Perreutory 
])ersisting in niy Error, As I will not only Acknowlcdg my 
fault, but nllsoe make what satisfaction the Iniured Party can 
Ivvpcct from my vtmost Abillety. Xor can I think l)ut 
1 banc reason toe Expect the like from others, And therefore 
J hope irjiat Agreement soe ever if Lo'' : makes irifji Cajit: 
( 'fayhorne, yoii icill eytlier Tnelnde such A Satisfaction for the 
Damar/es I reeeaiwd by Jiim, as sJiall l)ee irorthe jiiy Aereptanee, 
or leaiie mee roome toe seeke it ini/sc/f. ^^''■'' I assure him 1 will 
not fayle toe doe if ever wee meete where there is ho])e of 
Impartiall Justice, as I promised his Agents when they had 
basely betrayde mee. On of whom now Lyes at yr mercy for 



171 



his Life, And ir"'' is Sfraiif/c F <im A tauter for his J^ardon out 
of meere Chirdy towards his Poore wife and Children, W"*" 
are reasons that would induce mee toe doe the Like for theyre 
Cheefe Capt : did hee stand in the Like circumstances, As I 
doubt not but hee will if hee gayne not A quietus from his 
]\Ia'^ : or yr Lop : for ho^v wee haue proceeded agaynst him 
heere you will sec by the Act made for his Atayncture, w'** 
comes for yr Lo^^ Confirmation with many others among w"*" if 
there were noii more vnjust, I should bee as Confydent toe see 
this same A happy Common wealthe as I am now of the Con- 
trary if yr LoFl bee not more ^\•ary in Confirmeing then wee 
haue beene wise in Proposeing. Therefore I beseeche yr Lop : 
for his Sake whose honor you and wee doe heere pretend, and 
whoe at Last must Judg w* what Sincerety wee haue dis- 
charged it, That you from whose Consent they must reccaue 
the bindeiug fors of I^awcs, will not permit the Least Clawes 
toe pas that shall not first bee throughly Scand and resolued 
by wise Learned and Religious Divines toe bee noe waise 
prejuditiall toe the Immunettyes and Priveledges of that 
Church w'** is the only true Guide toe all Eternall Happines, 
of w"^ wee shall shew oureselues the most vngratefuU members 
that ever shee nourished, if in recjuiteall of those many favors 
and Blessings that shee and her devoutc Servants haue 
obtayned for vs, wee attem])t toe depriue her or them, of more 
then wee can giuc them or take from them, with out i)aying 
such A Price as hee that Buyes it will rei)ent his Bargaync. 
What are her Greevances, and how toe bee remedyed, you will 
I doubt not vnderstand at Large from those whoe are more 
knowing in her rights and Consequently more sensyble of her 
Iniuryes then such an ignorant Creature as I am. ^^'heref()re 
now all tliat belongs toe mee, is only toe importune yr. I^o'' : 
in whose powre t'is yet toe mend what wee haue dime Amis, 
toe bee most Carcfull in prcsci'ucing his Honor wlioe nnist 



172 



Prcscnic both you aiul Marvlaiid. I\'rlui])s this thiilt hath 
Ikviic iici-mittcd in vs as A favouro toe yr T>()'.' whereby you 
may dcchu'c the Sincerety of yr : first jnoiise pretence for the 
Phnitin^ of this deseit Province, w''' will bee toe much 
doubted of if you should take Advantage of oure Ignorant 
and vneontionalde proceedeings toe Assume more then wee can 
Justly giue you. And for A Ijittle Imaginary Honor, throw 
yr self vs and yr Country out of that protection w'^'' hath 
hithertoe j)reserued and Prospered that and vs beyound 
Ilumaine Expectation ; ^^'''^ noe doubt will bee continued if 
wee Continue as wee ought, toe bee, I never yet heard of any 
that Lost by beeing bountyfull toe God or his Church, then 
let not y"^ LoV feare toe bee the first. Giue vntoe God what 
doth belong toe him, and doubt not but Cesar shall receaue his 
due. If y"" Lo? thinks mee tooe teadious in A discourse not 
j)ro])er toe the Part that I doe Act, my Interest in the whole 
Action must excuse mee, Sylence would perhaps make mee 
Supposed Accessary toe these dangerouse Positions, w'''' is soe 
far from my Intention, that as I now declare toe youre 
Lo'; and shall not feare toe doe the like toe all the world if it 
bee necessary, I will rather Sacrifice myself and all I haue in 
the defence of Gods Honor and his Churches right, then 
willingly Consent toe anything that may not stand Avith the 
Good Contiens of A Real Catholick. W^*" resolution if yr 
Ijo'; doe not allsoe make good by A Religious Care of what 
you send over Authorised by yr Consent, I shall with as much 
Convenient speede as I can with draw myself, and what 
is Left of that w"*" I brought with mee, out of the Danger of 
beeing involud in the ruein w''' I shall infallibly expect. 
Yf Lol' knowes my Securety of Contiens was the first C(m- 
dition that I expected from this (Government, w''' then 
you thought soe Inocent as you Conceaved the proposition 



173 



alltogethor iiiipcrtincnt, But now I liojX' yon will [)erc't'aiR' the 
C*ontrarv. Nor wcro it difficult out of the Lawe.s sent over 
by y?' L<»!', or these that are from henee proposed toe you, toe 
finde Just ii;rounds for toe feare the Introdusenient of Lawes 
preiuditiall toe oure honors and freedome irifiics fhaf on Act 
irheirbi/ wee are e.vposde to A remedileti Sfijf'criiif/ of all Di.9- 
(//■(K-cs (111(1 Iiiso/ciisi/cx flidf ci/f/icr f/ic Pasfion or Mollis of Siick- 
sccdeiiifj (jo" sIki/I jjicose foe put vpon m, with out beeing per- 
mitted soe much as A Lawfull defence for the seeureing 
of Life or reputation though never soe vniustly Attempted toe 
bee taken from vs, with out forfeyteing the same and all wee 
haue too boote. This and many other Absurdetyes I doubt 
not but yr Lop : will finde and Correct vpon the peruseall of 
oure Learned Lawes, Among w"'' there is on that Confirmes 
the trade with the Indians for all Comodetyes toe bee ex- 
])orted vntoe yr Lo^ : l)y w"'' there is now in yon an vn- 
doul)ted Powre for toe ratefy yr first Conditions \vith the first 
Adventurers, w"*" I doubt not but y!' Lo'; will performe toe 
theyre Content, whereby they may bee better Enal)led 
and more obliged toe prosecute the good work they haue 
begun toe God's Honor and yl' I^o'!^ Proffitt. for my part I 
will not deny myself toe bee ])erhaps on of the meanest 
deseruers among them, vnless desires might j)as for merritts 
and then J durst compare with him that wisheth best toe 
Maryland. As I haue endeavored toe manifest by all ex- 
prestions that haue come within my reach, nor will I yet 
desist from doeing soe, if I may bee soe happy as toe see this 
diiferens betwixt the Church and Government well reconsiled 
agayne. And yr Lo^ at Peace irifh the fi est Adniifin-erx, ir/ioe 
(ICC I jx'rccdue hoc ir/ilt safisfi/cd irif/i f/ici/rc Ijtsf ( 'ouditioiis 
for the Trade, TJwjire harts haueing it seems not seconded 
theyre hands in the Agreement, but some for loue some fi)r 



174 



fearc some bv Iniportunety and the rest for Company 
ediisi'iitod too wliat they now repine toe stand toe, nor can I 
hlanu' tlicni tor tis impossible they can bee sauers by it. W"^ 
made mee refuse toe beare them Company, and therefore am I 
now the only Supposed Enemy toe yr Lo*!' Proflfitt, w''*' I 
diselayme from vnless there bee an Antipothy l)etMixt that 
and mv Subcistanee <»n this Place, yr Lop : knowes I came 
not liitlici- foi' toe j)lant Tobacco liut liaue toe my uoc Little 
Preiudiee hithcrtoe imployde myself and Servants in Publick 
works. The building of the mill was I Assure ijr. Lop : A 
vast Charge vntoe mee, for besides the Labor of all ray owns 
sei'vants tor two yeeres, I was at the Charge of divers Hire- 
liuo-s at 100 : weight of Tob : the monthe with dyet when 
Coi-ne was at 2 : and 300 weight the Barrell, all w°^ besides 
divers materialls for it at Excessive rates is all vtterly lost by 
till' Ignorance of A fooleish milwright wlioe set it vpon A 
Streame tliat will not till soe much in six weekes as will grinde 
six bushells of Corne, soe that myself nor the Colony is any 
\vhit the better for all the payns and Cost I hane beene 
at aboute it ; yet doe I not deserne the les of Maryland, for I 
spared noe Cost nor labor for toe make good toe the vtmost 
what was Expected from mee, nor will I yet desert it for if I 
bee not tooe much discouraged by youre Lo'.' I intend toe be- 
stow on 100'! or 2 : more in remoueing of it toe a better 
Streame, if I can l)ut see such A number in the Colony 
as will mayntayne A mill with Greeste in the ineanc time I am 
building of A house toe put nil/ head i)i, of xau-n Timber framed 
A dory and half hijgh, unth A seller (Oid Chimnie.s of brick toe 
Encourage others toe folloic my Example, for hithcrtoe wee Line 
in Cottages, and for my part I hauc not yet had Leysure toe 
Attend my pryvate Conveniensy nor Prottitt w"'' is not a 
Tiittle necessary for mee, haueing run myself and fortune 



175 



allinost out of bivathe in Pursute of tlic Piihlick good as I 
(loiibt not hut it will appeere heereafter toe all impartiall 
Judgments, for I think allready few in the Colony will deiiv 
but that the Generallcty was Les in debt, necessary Goods 
more Plentifull and better Cheape, when T only supplyed 
them, and that at the worst hand with goods bought at the 
Virginian rates, then now they are, when the Country doth 
abounde with many Dealers, for w"'* though I am sorrv in 
res})e('t of the Publick Penury, yet I eannot but Aeknowledg 
it as A great favor of Allmighty Gods toe mee, since bv it is 
manifested that had I had noe better motiue then the gayne I 
made, I should never haue put myself toe the Charge paynes 
and dangers that I under went in the busines. Though 
I know the Contrary was generally l^eleeued in England, 
where I was soe much behoulding toe the Charety, or rather 
Iniured by the mallis of some good People, as toe bee reported 
for A most vncontionable Extortioner of w"^ Sin were I 
guilty I feare I should not soe willingly desist from fai'ther 
dealeing as now I doe, for seldome or never have I heard or 
scene Covetousnes decrease with Age, And yet I thank God I 
finde noe jiropention toe continue the troble, though I neyther 
perceaue my Debters or Creditors weary of my dealeing, but 
myself weary of the busynes And am therefore vnwindeing 
myself from these mecamiick negotiations as fast as I can re- 
cover in my debts. That others may haue roome toe wiu what 
I haue lost by Maryland, nor will I (Jrudge toe see the 
Suckscs answer theyre Expectation, Provided that the Place 
may thriue as well as they, for I ])rofes myself soe reall A well 
wisher towards it, That all Pryvate rcs]K'cts arc vndcrvallued 
if thcv Stand in Competition with the Publick good. Though 
I think non hath had les eucouragcment U>e continue theyre 
good wills toe that or youre Lo';' Service then myself. It 



176 

lu'ciiiu" thouuht tooc much after all tlio Labors and Daii<rcrs 
that I haiR' run through, and all the Costs and (Charges that 
I liauc Ik'cu att, that I should share in any Proilitts that the 
VUu-r alTords, though for the mayutayneing of myself and 
fiunelv vj)ou the Place I haue hitliertoe yeerely Exhausted soe 
o-ivat A part of A Poore younger brothers fortune, as if 
I continue it with out some releeue it nuist needes in time 
make me vuea])al)le of doeing good toe that or myself. Toe 
prevent w''' I was this yeere determined toe haue waighted 
V]>on v!' Lo'.' in England, and on irai/ or other foe Ikiiic (\»t- 
(•hidcd fills fotndl diferencc (d)ontc the Trade, for my Ijord 
I mav ])roperly vse the words of tlie (tIiosjh'H, I cannot Digg 
and to Begg I am Ashamed, if therefor y!" I^o^' nor y' Coun- 
try will aiford mee noe other way toe support the great 
Expenses that I haue beene and dayly am at for my 8ub- 
cistans heere, l)ut what I must fetch out of the Grounde 
bv Planting tliis Stincking weede of America, I must desert 
the Place and busynes, w"'' I confes I siiall bee loth toe doe, 
soe (A)rdiall A lover am T of them both, yet if I am f )rst toe 
it bv discourteous Iniuries I shall not weepe at parting nor 
despayre toe finde heauen as neere toe other parts as Mary- 
land. l)Ut I will lirst doe my Endeavor toe Compose things 
soe a- non shall say heereafter that I lost A right I bought soe 
deere tiu'ough negligens or Ignorans. Other mens Imagina- 
tions are noe infallible presidents toe mee, nor will tiie nudti- 
tudc of names nor Scales, moue mee toe bee A foole for Com- 
pany, for wiiat in them was only Inadvertens, non would 
tearm less then foolery in mee, irlioe m'u/ld or oii'jld toe knoir hif 
e.VjU'rU'Hx, that if is impossib(e toe Coinj)/i/ irlth t/ie < hndition.s 
mentioned in the Lease and hee A Saner hif them. And yet for 
my refuseing toe doe like the rest I doubt not but 1 am 
Sugiested the onlv Antagonist toe yr Eo'" Prottitt. \\licn if 



177 

the tiling were rightly vnderstood you would Ackiiowledg 
that I haue done you more right then myself, by not Sub- 
scribeing toe what I should never haue intended willingly toe 
performe, there wanting not meanes by the neighbourhood of 
Virginia toe haue Easely Avoyded it. Soe that the Event 
would haue been insteade of the Expected Proffit, the los of 
the best part of the trade, w'^'' would hane been drawne out of 
yr Territoryes by yr own Subieets, whoe beeing there by forst 
toe shelter themsehies vnder another Government, and finde- 
ing perhaps A Little Sweetnes in it, would (piiokly grow toe 
such an Avertion agaynst this Supposed oprestion, As nothing 
would bee more hatefull toe them then you and y'' Au- 
thorety, And Consequently non soe forward toe depres both 
that and you, as those that otherwise would bee Zealous 
Defenders of you both. Had my owne right noe ref- 
erens toe these reasons my Single opposition would haue 
Appeered more meritorious then blanieable, nor would that 
alter the Case did you but vnderstand how little my prv- 
vate Proffit would haue beene preiudised by it. All the 
Ineonveniens that I can reflect on toe myself, would haue 
beene my fetching the Truck, and carrying Avhat beaver I 
oould get, from and toe Virginia without l)ayting at St. 
Maryes. for I think non of the Adventurers would haue 
grudged mee A little share with them, or at Least denyed toe 
wink at my proceedeings if they had met nice, but rather 
})erhaps haue done the like themselues, and where then had 
beene yr Lof".' pretended proffitt. But these are my Lord 
wayse soe Contrary toe my disposition, as I scorn toe profes 
the practiseing. I protest toe yr Lo'.' tlmt 1 am Ashamed toe 
lieare Strangers sometimes take notis of what I haue doiu' and 
suffered for you and youre Country, and yet toe conclude that 
neyther my person nor my Estate is secure from Iniury if/ 

23 



178 



venture for toe trade hi Muryland, without beeing beltouldiuy 
toe my Servants Secresy, or goeimj icith as much Cawtion as if 
I stoale vJitit I (/off. y\"^' poore kiiidc of" proceedeing is so dis- 
tastfnll toe nice that though I haue beene (for Avoydeing 
greater Ineonvenienses) eontented for A time toe stoope vnder 
tlie burthen, yet am I soe weary of the weight as deemeing it 
tooe vnworthy of my Longer Patiens that I am resohied toe 
desert the Place, if neyther tlie right of my first Adventure, nor 
the Suckeeedeing Exprestions of my fidellety toe yr Service and 
yr Count ryes good can merrit soe much favoure from y' LoP as 
toe permit mee freely for toe rent at least soe much yearely as 
I ventured before I knew whether I should win or loose by 
the Bargayne. The Proffit of tradeing 60 : pounde p"": yeere 
w"'' is the sum I shall bee satisfyed with all, if you shall not 
think fit toe enlarge it out of yr owne noblenes as an Encou- 
ragement toe my future deserts, will vndoubtedly never make 
mee rich, nor am I ambitious of it, I neuer yet pretended for 
toe get by Maryland, all I desire is but A help toe keepe mee 
from Sinking, as you may see by the reasonablenes of my re- 
quest, w*?" yet if yr LoF please toe grant without farther troble 
toe yrself or mee, I shall take it as the greatest exprestion of 
yr LoP* favoure towards mee that ever yet I could boast of. 
And accordingly by A reall desire to deserue the Continueance 
Endeavor toe expres A respectiue Acknowledgment of yr 
readines toe doe mee right av"'' if I can gayne A fayre way 
and yourc Ivo'!" favoure toe boote, it were tooe greate A disre- 
spectiuenes in mee for toe Atteni])t tlie Contrary. If now 
therefore the Suckses answers not my Expectation I cannot 
help it whoe haue done my part toe let you see how desireous 
I am toe Avoyde all Publick disi)utes w itli you or yr. Autho- 
rety, whilst I am A jwore meuiber of yr Colony, ^^^hat 
Course the rest of the first Adventurers will steere I know 



179 



not, for I am Left toe guide my Bark Alone nor would 1 
willingly bee otherwise, vnles wee could vnite cure Harts as 
well as Purses, w''?' not beeing fesible, 1 despayre of ever 
doeing good in partnerships, and am therefore resolued toe 
haue noe more Interest in CoiTion Stocks, yet will I not bee 
much })reiuditiall toe those that will, for what I promice eyther 
for price or ({uuntety shall ncjt fayle toe bee most punctually 
performed, only I love toe bee the manager of my owne 
Aifayres, w*""^ favoure if youre LoF please toe grant mee I shall 
not care for other Approbation. Newes I know yr. LoP lookes 
for non but what Concernes the Coiiionwealth of Maryland in 
w*"'' what I am defectiue / douhf not but yr. Secretari/ irill 
Supply whoe is cm quick as I am Sloio in writeing, and tJiere- 
fore in that part A i^erry Jit Snhicd for the place hee bearx^ And 
if hee proues not tooe Stiff A maintayner of his owaie opinions, 
and Somewhat tooe forward in Sugiesting new busineses for 
his owne imployment, hee may perhaps doe God and yr Lo^ : 
good Service heere I should bee Sorry toe Change il/'' Hawley 
for him, whoe I perceaue stands not soe perfect in yr Lo^\' 
favoure as I could, wish him w*^*" perhaps some takeing Advan- 
tage at, and willing for toe iisli in troblcd waters, may by 
discourteous proceedeings towards him make him weary of 
vn]iroffitable Maryland, And fors him toe A Change more for 
his j)cace and Proffit. Ax Doubt/es rirginia would bee toe him 
if hee make good wh<d hee Judli vndertaken, of w'^'' I see noe 
other Likelihood if hee haue not left liis worst Enemies 
behinde him. Among w"'' number I am Sorry foe xec xueh 
probabillcty of yr Lo']" beeing on as I perceaue there is. Whed 
reasons you haue for it is vnknowne toe mee, nor doe I ]>re- 
sume toe Judg where tlie fault is, All that I wish as A Poore 
friende of his, is that yr Jjo'' rightly vndcrstood him for 
from thens I verrelv beleeue doth flow those Jealosves that I 



180 



])roooauo arc risen betwixt yon, w''*' hoeino; inoreast by niisa]>pre- 
hcntions of Contentions Spirits ninst eertaynely if not in time 
])revente(l by some Charitable reeonsiliation breake forth with 
snch vyolens as will endanger the noe little preindice of on or 
both of yon. I Assnre yr Ijo'': did I know any Jnst Canse 
toe Snspect his Sinserety toe Maryland, or the designe wee 
come vpon, I should not bee soe Confydent of his Innosence 
in deserueing toe ill from you or this Place. I cannot my 
Lord Suppose A little verball vehemensy vttered in the defens 
of A mans ownc Supposed right, Suffitient toe Conclude him 
guilty of looscing all former respects toe greater obligations, 
w"'' if it bee soe greate A Crime I am toe seeke where I should 
finde on that Avould bee free when hee Supposeth his right 
vniustly questioned. I must confes I cannot pleade not 
guilty, and yet I doubt not but my greatest Enemies doe 
really beleeue mee for toe bee as I am A most vnfayned friende 
toe Maryland. AiuJ soe I am confident will 71/.'' HawJey 
Appeere if you. will giue hivi time and ocation for toe ma)iife.st 
it, and not by vyolent discourteiiyes vpon vncertaine suppof^itio)ts 
fovH him toe Change his good intentions y" Lo'': knowes how 
many difficultyes hee past in England, nor hath hee beene 
exempt from the like in these parts, and therefore hee is not 
too bee blamed for laying hoAvld of some probable way toe 
repayre liis many misfortunes, there beeing noe Antipothy 
betwixt that and the continueing of his respects vntoe yr. 
lid''. Well may the dischargeing of the office hee iiath 
yndertaken invite him sometimes toe Looke towards A'irginia, 
but eertaynely not with preindice toe Maryland, from whens 
hee receanes the greatest Comforts that the world affords iiim 
both for Sowle and body the on from the Church the other 
from his wife, whoe by iier com])ortmcnt in these difficult 
atliivrs of her husbands, liath manifested as nuicli virtue and 



181 



discrestion as can ])ee oxpeotod from the Sex she owes, whose 
Industrious huswiferv hath soe Adorned tliis Desert, that 
should his discouragemoiix for.s hi)it toe trithdraw himfi<(f and 
her, it iroidd not A Little Edips the Glory of Maryland. 
Thus haue I my Lord at large According toe my Capacety 
commended toe yr noble Consideration such Greevanses as for 
the present I am most sensible of, toe w*'"' I hope toe receaue 
soe satisfactory an answer from yr. Lo^ : as will Encourage mee 
toe A resolution of fixing my Earthly Tfd)ernacle in 3Iaryland. 
Though I am now prepareing for A visit the next yeere intoe 
England, where I will Supply Avhat is heere wanting concern- 
ing the affayres of 3Iaryl<rnd. ir'''' now urnit.s A Commander 
for Martiall Cause I haveing vpon my determination of 
goeing this yeere for England Surrendered it vp and am loth 
for soe short A time toe take it Agayne, neverthele,^ (d yr 
Lo^\' request, I sJiall if the Governor commands mee see that the 
Puhlick shcdl not Suffer for want of Such poore Instructions as 
I can giue them, whilst I am resident among them, or that 
some other more able man discharge mee of the Care. In the 
mean time as I haue ever been A Reall Defender of yr. 
Ijo''* right, Soe may you bee Confydent that I Mill continue. 
As beeing desireous in all Just waves toe manyfest myself 
Youre really respectiue freind and Servant 

Tho: Coenwaleys 
from S? Maryes this ()"' of ApriU 1638. 



182 



No. 9. 
GOV. LEONARD CALVERT TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorsement.] 

25 Aprill 1688 

My Bro : Leonard to 

rae. from Virginea. 

the taking; of the He of Kent 

Pahners Ihmd what number of 

people tfe catle vpon them. 

Portobacke. 

Cedar 

redd-bird 

matts & 

Lyon. 

Good Brother : 

I haue endeauored this hist winter to bring the Inhabitants 
of the He of Kent wilUngly to submit themsehies to your 
gouernement and to incourage them therevnto I wrote vnto 
them a letter in Nouember, where amongst other motiues 
I vsed to perswade them, I promised to free them from all 
question of any former contempts they had committed against 
y(m, so that they would from thence forward desist from the 
like and submit themsehies to the gouernmen* and to shcAV 
them greater fauor I gaue them the choice to name whom 
tliey would of the Inhabitants of the Ileand to be tlieire com- 
maunder ; but one Jhon liutler Cleybornes brother in law and 
one Tho: Smith an agent of Cleybornes vpon Kent was 
of such power amongst them that thty perswaded them still to 
contiiuie in tlieire former contumacie vpon notice giuen 
me hereof, I presently appointed Cap' Euelin Commander 



183 

of the Ileuiul w'^.'' formerly I purposely omitted because he 
was had in a generall dislike amongst them, iiim they con- 
temned and connnitted many Insolencies against ; wherefore 
findeing all faire nieanes I could vse to be in vaine, and that 
no way but compulsion was left, I gathered togeather about 
twenty musketteers out of the Colony of 8' Maries and 
appointing the command of tiiem to Cap' Cornewallis whom 
I toocke as my assistant w"' me, I sat saile from S' Maries 
towards Kent about the latter end of November, intending to 
apprehend Smith and Butler if I could, and by the example 
of theire })unislimf to reduce the rest to obedience, but it 
beeing then farre in the winter, the windes were so cross and 
the weather so fowle in the bay, that after I had remayned a 
week ypon the water I ^v•as forct to returne back and deterre 
that expedition vntill some fitter tyme, two months affter in 
the beginning of ffebruarie I was giuen to vnderstand that the 
Indians at the head of the bay called the Sasquahannoughs 
intended in the spring following to make warre v])on vs at 
S' Maries pretending revenge for our assisting of our neigh- 
bors Indians against them two yeares before (w'''' we neuer did 
though they will needs thinck so) and that they were incour- 
aged much against vs by Thomas Smith who had transjilanted 
himselfe w"' other English from the lie of Kent the last sum- 
mer to an Ileand at the head of the bay fower miles below the 
falls called Palmers Ileand and vnderstanding likewise that 
they had planted and fortified themselues there by directions 
from Cap' Cleybourne w"' intent to line there independent of 
you (because they supposed it out of the limits of your 
Prouince) and that the s*? Smith aud Mr Botk'r whom I iiaue 
formerly mentioned was then preparing to earrie a farther 
supply from Kent both of men and necessaries to the 
s'! Ileand ; I thought it expedient to stop theire proceedings in 



184 



the bc'ijimiings, and for that puri)osc haueing aduised w'.** the 
c'oiincell about the busines I sat forth from S' Maries for the 
He of Kent w"' thirtie choice mnsketteers takeing Cap' Corne- 
walleis and Capt : Euelin in my company to Cap' Cornew : I 
appointed the command of those Sokliers I carried w"" me, and 
afterward arriuing at tlie s^ Ik'and I kuided w'.*" my company 
a littk' before sunne rise, at the southermost end thei'eof 
where Cap' Cleybornes howse is seated w"'in a small ffort of 
Pallysaxkies, bnt findeing the gate towards the sea at my 
comeing fast barred in the inside one of my company beeing 
acquainted w"* the place quickly fownd passage in at an other 
gate and commeing to the gate w''? I was at opened vnto me, 
so that I was arriued and entered the fort w'^out notice taken 
by any of the Ileand w'!?' I did desire, the easilier to appre- 
hend Boteler and Smith the cheife incendnaries of the former 
seditions and mutinies vpon the Ileand, before they should be 
able to make head against me, and vnderstanding that Boteler 
and Smith were not then at the fort but at theire seuerall 
plantations I sent to all the lodgeings in the fort and caused 
all the persons that were fownd in them to be brought vnto 
me thereby to preuent theire glueing vntymely notice vnto 
Boteler and Smith of my commeing, and takeing them all 
alongst w'.** me I marched w'.*" my company from thence 
w'.'^ what speed I could towards Botclers dwelling called the 
great thicket some fine miles from the fort and appointed 
my Pinnass to meet mc at an other Place called Craford, 
and makeing a stand about halfe a mile short of the place, 
I sent my Ensigne one Mr Clerck (that came once w"' 
M' Copley) from England) w"' tenne musketteires to Butler 
to ac(|iiaint him tliat I was come vpon the Ileand to settle 
the gonernement thereof and commaund his present repaire 
vnto me at Craf(>rd two miles distant from thence, wl*" the 



185 



Ensio-ne acoordingly did and brought B(3teler vnto me before I 
renioued troni wliere he left nie, after I luid thus possessed 
nivselfe of him I sent mv Serieant one Robert Vau^ham 
w'!" six muskctteires to Thomas kSmiths who lined at a place 
called beaiier neck right against Boteler on the other side of a 
Creeck w*."^ like commands as I had formerly ginen for Bote- 
ler, and then marching forMai-d w'.'' your Ensigne displayed to 
Craford by the tymc I was come thither Smith was hi-ought 
vnto me where haueing both the cheife delincpicnts against you 
I first charged them w"' tlieire crimes and afterward committed 
them Prisoners al>oard the I'innass I came in and appointed a 
gard ouer them, after I caused a proclamation to be made of a 
generall pardon to all other the Inhabitants of the lleand ex- 
cepting Boteler and Smith for all former contempts against 
you that should w'^'in foAver and twenty howlers after the 
proclaiming of the same come in and submit themselues to 
your gouernement whercv])on w"'in the time a])})ointcd the 
whole lleand came in and submitted themselues, haueing 
recciued theire submission, I exorted them to a faithfull con- 
tinuance of the same, and encouraged them thereto by assure- 
ing them how ready you would be alwayes vpon theire 
deserts to condescend to any thing for theire goods : Afterward 
I gaue order for the carrieing of Boteler and Smith to 
S' Maries in the Pinnass I came in, and w'?" them sent most of 
the Soldiers as a gard vpon them commaunding them to be 
deliuered into the custody of the sheriffe at S' Maries vntill 
my returne and my Pinnass to returue to the lleand to \nv, 
where till my Pinnasses returne I held a court and heard and 
determined diuerse causi's between the Inhabitants, at the end 
of the s'f court I assemi)lcd all the inhabitants to make ehoise 
of theire delegates to be present for them at a generall assem- 
bly then held at S' Maries for the makeing of Lawes w'.'' they 

24 



186 



accordingly did, and before mv departure from them I gaue 
them to vnderstand tliat euery man that held or desired to 
hold any land in the Heand, it was necessaric they should take 
pnttents of" it vnder the scale of the Prouince as holding it of 
yon \\''' they were all very desireous of, so that some tyme this 
sununer I promised to come to the Ileand and bring M' Lew- 
ger w"' me to suruay and lay out tlieire lands for them and 
then to pass grants vnto the of it, reserueing onely such rents 
and seruices to you as the law of the Prouince should appoint 
there is vpon the Ileand about one hundred and twentie men 
able to beare annex as neer ax I could gather of the women (oid 
chif(Jre)i lean make no extiinate, in conclusion appointing the 
couiniand of the Ileand to three of them, vist : to M"' Robert 
Phil})ot as commaunder and Willifi Cox and Tho : Alle ioynt 
commissioners w*'' him I departed for S' Maries, where after 
mv arriuall I called a grand incpiest vpon Smith who fownd 
a bill against him for Pyracie, whercvpon he was arraigned 
before the assembly and by the condemned to sutler death 
and forfeit, as by a particular act for that purpose assented 
vnto by the whole howse and sent vnto you, you will per- 
ceiue ; I haue omitted as yet to call M' Boteler to his trvall, 
because I am in ho])es by shewing fauor vnto him to make 
him a good member, but I haue not as yet released him, 
though I haue taken him out of the sheriffes custody into my 
owne howse where I intend to haue him remayne vntill I haue 
made fiu'ther experience of his disposition and if I can win 
him to a good inclination to your Scruice, I shall thinck him 
fittest to take the comniaund of the He of Kent ; for those 
others w"'' haue now that cliargc from me arc very vnable for 
it, nor is there better to be fbwnd vi)on the Ileand, but least 
(Boteler demeaning himselfe otlierwisi' tlieii well) and tiuit I 
shonld finde cause to thinck him Htter to be j)unislie(l tiien 



187 



pardoned there should want nieanes to giue him conchiiiie pun- 
ishment for all his former offences; I desire you would send 
oner an act the next yeare av'.*" your assent thereto, to be pro- 
posed to an assembly in Maryland for theire assent eensureing 
Boteler as Smith was for Pyraeie w''.'' he committed at the head 
of the bay neer Palmers Ileand in the yeare IGoo vpou 
a Pinnasse belonging to S' Maries by takeing and a great 
(juantitie of trucking commodities from Jhon Tomkins and 
serieaut Robert Vaughan who had the charge of her and 
togeather ^v"' the s^ Pinnass and goodes carried the s"? Tom- 
kins and Vaughan prisoners to Kent. Smith hath solicited 
you I suppose by his letters for his pardon but I shall desire 
yon that you would leane it to me to do as I shall finde him 
to deserue ; whereby (if it be possible he should be the better 
for it) it will take better effect w'.'' him when he shall continue 
at my mercie vndcr whose eye he is : Palmers Ileand beeing 
already seated and fortifyed and a good stock of cattle to the 
number of thirteen head put vpon it, I thought not good to 
supplant but vnderstanding there were fine men inhabiting it 
seruants to Cap' Cle^borne and formerly vnder the command 
of Smith I sent serieant Robert Vaugham and two others 
w'*" him fi'om S' Maries to set downe there and to the sd : 
Vaugham gaue the commaund of all the rest, and by reason 
Cap' Cleyborne hath been attainted of ffclony in the last 
assembly at S' Maries by particular act and sentenced to for- 
feit all his estate in the Prouince I gaue Vaugham authoritie 
to take the seruants and other goodes and chatties belonging 
to Cleyborne vpon the Ileand, into his charge and to haue 
tlicni forth conimcing when they shall be (Icniaundcd of him 
togeather w"' what profitt shall be made by the serieants 
labors. 1 am informed that vpon occasion of discourse giuen 
before Sf Jhon Haruey Mf Kemi3c and M' Hawley by 



188 



Ml" liotclcr whctlior I*;ilnu'rs He wciv \v*''in tlic l^-ouiiice of 
Mar\ 1:111(1 or ik* Mf Hawlcv did so weackly defend your title 
to it that liotelei- orew more confident of proceeding in plant- 
ing it for his Brother Cley borne and I hane some reason to 
thinck that M!" Hawley did willingly let your title fall for 
some doigne sake of his owne v])on trade w'.'' the Sasquahan- 
nouglis w'' he might conceiue better hopes to advance by its 
depenice on \"irginia then on Maryland, for when I sat 
in counsell at S' Maries about the expedition I made to Kent 
to stop the proceedings of that designe of Boteler and Smiths 
planting it, he earnestly diswaded it by suggesting all the 
reasims he could to make your title doul)tfull to it the Ileand 
and then how vnlawfull an act it would be to hinder tlieire 
]>lanting it, and though it Avas made appeare that theire seat- 
ing there \\as most dangerous to the Colony at 8' Maries by 
reason that they had incouraged the Indians to set vpon vs 
and might hereafter furnish them w"' gunns to our further 
liarme if we should sufter them to proceed, whereas otherwise 
Boteler and Smith beeing remoued we might hope to make a 
]K'ace \v'.'' tliose Indians yet it seemed some designe he had 
upon theire setting downe there was so deare vnto him that he 
preferred it before the safetie of all vs and his owne famil}- 
beeing included in the daunger, and would needs hane 
perswaded it to be in Virginia though the ex])ress words of 
your patteut limits the Prouince to the northward where Xew 
England ends but it is apparent that the Hand is \v"'in your 
I*rouincc for the line of fortie by Smiths maj) by w'.'' the 
Lords RefTeries lade out the bonds lyeth right oner the first 
falls and this Ileand is fowre mil(>s to the sowtherd below 
those tails as J can witnes for I was there the last sununerand 
obserued it. I lu'lceue the faire promises w"*" he made you in 
England whe you procured the preferm* he hath in Virginia 



189 



how vscfull lie would ]>roU(' to your Colony by it, will lu-uer 
he performed hy him for nothinj^ moueth him but his owne 
ends and those he intendeth wholly to remoue from JMarvland 
and plaec the in Viri>;inia, and intendeth shortly to remoue his 
wife and family thither, I am sorry it was your ill fortune to 
be a meanes of so much i>'ood to him who is to injyratefuU for 
it, for he disclaimes that he euer sought your help or had any 
from you towards his preferm' for he thineketh you did not so 
mueh as know he pretended to the plaee he hath nor that you 
knew he had it vntill a long tyme after it was passed wito 
him thus Cap' Cornewallis telleth me hath heard him say, and 
he is of sueh greeuanee vnto the Gouernor and Seeretarie of 
Virginia that they promise to themselues nothing but ruine 
by his draweing all the perquisites of theire two places from 
them, and do therefore wonder that you ^vould l)e the meanes 
of proeureing such a place for him, they do both intend 
by theire letters to solicite your help for the remoueing him and 
it were well for both Colonies that he were, for he can not 
haue less ])ower, then too much in that Colony w*^'' (by im])i)U- 
erishing S! Jhon Harney and draweing from him and the 
seeretarie the execution of all the cheife seruices w"^.'' the 
Kings proffitts and the peoples estates hath dependencie on he 
will bring vnto himselfe ; so that Maryland wherein it shall 
haue occasion to vse Virginia is like shortly to seeck for it 
onely to him where there is nothing to be hoped ft)r but what 
is vnseruiceablc to his owne ends and nothing scapeth his dc- 
sio'nmt thouy-h it be neuer so much bevond his reach to 
compass. 

The body of lawes you sent ouer by ISIf Lewger I endeau- 
ored to haue had passed by the assembly at Maryland but 
could not effect it, there was so many things vnsuteable to 
the peoples good and no way condu 'cing to your i)r(itlitt 



190 



that Ix'iiiii- tlu'v could not be exc'iii])t('(l tVoin utliers w'''' they 
wilh'ujLrly woiihl haue passed they were desireoiis to suspend 
thciu all, tlic particuhir ex('0])ti()us w'^.'' weiv made against 
theui M?' Lewger liath giuen you an account of in his dis- 
patches to you : others haue been passed in the same assembly 
and now sent vnto you w".'' I am perswaded will appear vnto 
yoii to prouidc both for your honor and proflfitt as much as 
those you sent vs did. the trade w"' the Indians they 
wholly exempted themselves from and leaft it to you, onely 
Cap' Cornewallis I haue promised should not want the most I 
could say vnto you to procure Icaue for him that he might 
rent three tw(Mity pownds shares in it yearely so long as 
he is a member of your Colony, w".'' I did as well to de- 
cline his hindrance of passing the whole to you, as also to 
giue him incouragement for the many seruices, he hath done 
you in the Colony, for though it hath been his fortune and 
myne to haue had some differences formerly yet in many 
things I haue iiad his faithfull assistance for your seruice and 
in nothing more then in the exjx'dicou to Kent this last winter. 
I would not wish you (now it is in your hands to dispose 
of) to intrest too many sharers in it for that hath been 
hitherto the distructiou both of the trade and the traders, for 
they neuer agreeing to trade ioyntly did by theire severall 
trade jireuent on an others marcket and by ouer bidding the 
j)risc for bcaucr <layly s])()ylcd the trade whereas if it had 
been in one hand, or in so many as would have ioyned, it 
might haue made simie profit to the aduenturers but in the 
way it hath been hitherto they that haue vsed it hath 
reaped nothing but losse, wherefore if yon shall tliinck good 
to let me haue any share in it I desire you would not in- 
terest any other besides Cap' Cornewalleis, for there is none 
else in Maryland that knoweth what belongeth to the trade 



191 



and therefore are not like to io}ne in the waves w''.'' are most 
expedient for the good of it. if you would let it out to vs two 
for tM'o or three yeares, rent free, I am perswaded it would l)e 
brought to sueh a state by the way we should bring it in that 
it would l)e farre more protittaljle and eertaine then euer it 
was for hereafter or if you thinck good to vse it all youi'- 
selfe and send oner truck for it I shalbe ready to do you 
the best seruiee 1 can but you must cause boates and hands 
to be procured of your owne here and not put yourselfe to 
hyer them for that will eat you out of all your ju-ofitt if 
not your principall and you must designe to place ffactories 
as soone as you can on shore in some conuenient })laccs 
whereto the trade may be drawne for the way of boating 
it though the l)oates be a mans owne is very chargeable and 
vucertaine. I haue deliuered some Tobaccoes to Ml" I^ewger 
but whether it be sutticient or too much to ballance the 
accounts I am to passe I can not yet tell for T haue not had 
tyme since his commeing to make them vp it is not for any 
])rofitt to myselfe that I haue purposely delayed it, (as I hope 
von will do me so much right as to beleeue) but for want of 
Leisure from the |>ublike seruices of the Colony and the 
neeessarie loockeing after some meanes of my o^ne subsistance 
w"^' is so difficult to compass here as it reqnireth much tyme 
and labor. I meane this summer to pass all manner of 
accounts that arc between you and me vnto Ml' Lewger, for I 
haue disposed of all my other businesses so, as I may haue 
sufficient leisure to do it in. Mf Lewger is a very seruiceable 
and diligent man in his secretaries place in Maryland, and a 
very faithfull and able assistant to me the ceihir i/on irriff for 
hi/ liiiii I could )iof proctirc to sokI fliis jfcarc hi/ reason there is 
very few to be fownd that are \svfi(l/ ti/iahir trees tiro J heard 
of farre rp in Pafii.vetd riiier, and firo others r/xtii pi/peh/eft 



192 



Hand ill the bay nere to Kent, and the fraight and other 
ehartit's tnv the shipping them will be so deer that I made 
a (pu'stion whether yon wonld thinck fitt to vndergo it, it 
will stand In eight or tenne ])(»\vnds a tunne fraight for 
England ixsides other charges of transporting it to shipping 
from where it is felled neither is there meanes in ]\[arvland 
to transport it vnless it might be split into clapboard, and 
wlictlicr it will not be made vnserniceable to y" by vseing 
it so, I can not tell becanse I do not know the vse yon 
designe it for, by yonr next letters I pray informe me what 
von Avill hane done in it. the maffs ir''!' i/ou icrot for (tinounts 
to siK-li (I charge to be bonght from the Indians that I had 
not snfficient meanes to pnrchase it, it is not lesse then fortie 
pownds worth of trnck ont of England will bay 350 yards of 
matt besides the charge of seecking them in twentie senerall 
indian towns, for vnless they be bespocken there is very few 
to be had bnt such as are not worth buyeing to giue a freind, 
and besides for the vse you intend them it is necessarie they 
should be all of one make otherwise they cannot flower 
a roome ; and before I shall procure so many yards I must 
send all the Prouince oner but if you desire to hane them and 
will ]>ronid(' truck to buy the'" vpou farther notice from you I 
will be speack them, to hane them all in as few places as I 
can to auoid charge : I am sure mi/ llrofhcr Poiifohdcco now 
Kiaj)eror of J\(x/:((ff<(irai/, iril/ (ix.'^i.sf nic in if ax much ox he can 
for he /.s nuich i/oiir jreiinl and scrimut and hof/i c.rprcs.scd 
him^c/fc to me to be so and giueth y" many thancks after his 
In<liau fashion for your guift sent him l)y Ml" Lewger he hath 
w'.''in this two yearcs stept into the Empire of the Indians by 
killing his eldest brother, the old Emperor, and enioyeth [it] 
yet w')' peace through the good corrcspondcncic he keepeth 
w"' me w*".'' awe til his Indians from otlrrciuL!' anv harmc vnto 



193 



him. / h(t(J jirocured <i red hird and hcpi it (i good irlii/c 
to Jkiiic sent if to j/oii hut I hod the i// fortune to loose it by the 
negligence of my seniant who carelesly let it out of the cage; 
The beauer w".'' I sent to you the last yeares belongeth vnto 
the account of the stock Cap' Humber brought oner. 

The Lj/oii I had for yon i.s dead, if I can f/et f(n other 
I irill and send it i/oii. I liaue had no leisure all this last 
winter to Virginia to procure an act to ])e made bv tiie 
generall assembly then held there for the secureing of your 
right in the trade w"'in your precincts, and thought it to no 
purpose to recommend it to Mf Hawleys care after I had vnder- 
st;)od so mucli of him concerning Palmers Ileand against tliere 
next assembly w".'' will be at the returne of sliipping next yeare 
I will ])rouide a bill drawne as effectuall for that pur])ose as I 
can and endeauor what I may to get it passed. 

I haue sent you herew'?' a letter from Ml" Robert Philpot of 
Kent who hath at this present the commaund of the Ileand) 
to his ffather the keeper of hygh parcke, I pray cause it to be 
deliuered vnto him and finde some occasion to commend his 
Sonne vnto him for his faire carriage here, as he doth deserue 
for lie came in at the first claime I made of the Ileanders 
submission to your Pattent, and incourage his ffather I pray 
what yon can to supply him this yeare, for that I vnderstand 
is the intent of his letter to him ; I haue writ vnto you con- 
cerneing the deer you sent for in an otlier letter by it selfe 
sent herew'.'' as you appointed me. Thus w'.'' best lone and 
seruice to my sister Baltimore and my other two sisters and 
my J^rother Peasely I rest 

Your most affectionate 
ffrom Virginia loueing Brother 

this 25'.'' of A prill Leonard C'aluert 

16;i8. 
25 



194 

Cii])! ^^'^nt()l■ rcnienibrcth liis 
seruicc to voti, I left him well 
in Marvlaiul. 



No. 10. 

SECRETARY JOHN LEWGER TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

5 January 1638-9 

[Indorsement.] 

ISIf Lewger to me 
from S' Maries. 
Mv good liord 

I rec. yo"' Lo''!'' of the 30*.'' Jnly : and the 2^! of August, and 
another since by ml" Poulton of the 30'?' July. To answere to 
the first. I have acquainted m!' Poulton w*"" what yo'' Lo'I 
writes touching some instruccons & directions to be sent out 
of Enghind for the future comportm* of tlieir ])art to 
yo!" Lol' right & the goverm* there, but he made strange at 
most of them, as if he had received no instruccons touching 
anv of the ])ticnLnrs, & desired a note of wliat was written 
coiiccrning tliem tliat tliey might conf )rme themselves to it in 
all points s(t far as in conscience they might, neither would he 
beleeve that ml" more or any other should give that resolution, 
that a Catholique magistrate may in discretion proceed here, as 
well affected magistrates in the like cases doe in f^ngland. I 
shoultl have beene glad to have had resolution touching those 
cases 1 sent over, thoughe without any ones hand to it, 
because it would much have directed me in divers occurrences 
& difficulties m"}" we meete with here, ffor the put, we have no 
ditt'ei'ences at all, & I hope we shall have no more, when' cither 
part can avoid thcni ; and for the errors past (w*"'' yo"" Lo'^Z^ 



195 



speakes of) on the (Jovcrnors part and mine, if we knew what 
or which tliov were, wc shouki be ready to amend them, & 
shoiikl be gkid of the proffer on their jiart of forgiving & for- 
getting of them : bnt we are yet confident we have committed 
none that we can con(k'mne for errors either in point of irrev- 
erence or disrespect to their persons, or in viohition of their 
liberties, as the pTit condition of the state there is. And for 
my owne part I ])rofesse before Abnighty God, that I am not 
conscions of any thing yet done ont of disrespect to their per- 
sons, fnnctions, or rightfnll liberties; c*c that hereafter they 
shall find me as ready to serve and hononr them as yo"" 
Lol' can wish. I sent inclosed in yo!" Lo''!"* packett a Irx' to 
M' Price, bnt I heare no answ^ere at all of it, nor any thing 
whereby to gucsse that lie hath received it. Let me be so 
much beholding to yo'' Lio^l as to lett him know how nmch I 
desire from him an answere of my letter ; and that the onely 
canse of my not writing to him this yeare is want of matter to 
write of, he is one whom I shall ever acknowledge myselfe 
infinitely obliged to, and I beseech God reward him for all his 
charity to me & mine, ffor the ^vreek, the boate is laid vp at 
mattapanient ; not worth the repairing ; the beaver & peake is 
deliverd to the Govern'' as pquisites of his office of Admirall. 
I ac(piaintc(l the Govern!' w*!' what yo!' LoV wrote touching the 
61 10? demanded by m! Greene; bnt he saith wisemans adven- 
ture was never parted from the stock, bnt tlic jiroceeds of it 
was sent vp to yo'' Lo"? w'.'' the rest, & that he had special order 
from yo'' LoV at the Cowes not to deliver to wiscman his part. 
So that it seems yo'' Ijo'^I is accomptablc to wisemans assignes 
for it, tV: therefore I desire to have some order frt)m yof LoP in 
it, because the next winter if it be not satisfied, m!' Greene will 
putt his com])laint into the Court & without doubt will 
recover it; tt I would rather have it satisfied without (■oni])ul- 



196 



sion. tlor the ;u'(|nittances, the Govern'" saith lie did take 
acijiiittaiices from wintoiir and (ierard and others that had 
their shares delivered them, and he sent them ])y the Dove, 
Avhere they misearried. 

if or m" Enre's stoek J have reeeived the whole aeeompt 
from the Governf whereby there is charged vpon yo!" Lo'^ 
2.3(j()! of tobacco; and vpon himselfe 2()36! w"^ I have 
received of him vpon accompt; w''^ is in the whole, 5000 
weight of tobacco, within 4! the Accompt it selfe as I remem- 
ber I have already sent to yo'' Lo? by my last dispatche. 
now for the dis})osall of this 5000 w* I am yet vncertaine 
what to doe w'.'' it. Kine is a very slow profitt & when yo*" 
Lo^P' stock of cattell is come vj)on the place, wilbe somewhat 
hazardous, in regard the place wilbe over stockt ; except they 
be committed to some body in a plantation far from the 
towne, who will have care of providing them w"' winter fod- 
der ; & I doe not yet know any conple (for the dairy will re- 
quire a Avoman) to whom to committ such a charge, ffor the 
present I doe resolve the speediest way of employing it to the 
greatest ])rotitt, ^vilbe by a stock of swine, w''!' may be kept 
some 6. mile hence at the head of S' Georges river where all 
the cheife marshes bee in w"*" the swine delight ; & here I in- 
tend to settle a ])lantation of mine owne this spring, who shall 
plant corne for the swine, and shall build sties and necessary 
penns for them, & shall lead them out to their places of 
feeding; & m? Eures stock shall buy the swine, & I will 
keepe them for one halfe of the increase at the vsuall rate of 
these countries is, And if this proiect succeed, it will yeeld a 
very c-onsiderable revenew to her after the first yeare. To this 
purpose, I doe now send one of my men w'.'' the Governf to 
virginea to lay out for 30. or 40. breeding sowes if they may 
be had ; & assoone as I hear from liim againe, 1 will in hand 



197 



Av"' my ])lantati(>n, cV: tlic buil(lin<i' of sties to Imw^ tUvm into. 
If" this (k'sio-iu' mec'te with any difficulties I will send up 
m" Euro her tobaccos into Entiland, to returnc commodities 
hether againe for them, if she please to employ it hetlicr 
againe, for except this of the swine, I doe not know of any 
way to turne it to better profitt, then to drive a trade of com- 
modities witli it, w".^ maketh ycarely returne, to good profitt, 
without much hazard. 

The tobacco w".*" is due to this stock from yo'' Lo'^ I shall 
now pay out of m! Hawlies debt without lessning yo"' stock of 
cattell w'^'' 1 have yet beene care full to preserve, fibr the kine 
sent to the Govern!' by S!" John Harvy, I have not taken any 
accompt of them, because no charge, fllbr those sent from 
Palmers Hand, they are yet whole but one steere, w"*" the 
Govern!" desired to have for his provisions to Kent ; c^^ the 
accompt of that & of whatsoever els I have received of 
yo'' Lo'!£', I intend to send by the Captaine. ffbr the accompts 
betweene yo" Lo"! and the Govern!" he will (he saith) satisfie 
yo! Ijo? by this dispatch ; as likewise he will send an 
acknowledgm' for the 100! for him last, w"'' he saith yo" 
Lo'' never writt to him of afore now. ffbr the I^awes I have 
litle yet to say to them, (more then what I have said in my 
diarie) till the Assembly be over ; w°.'' is appointed to begin on 
12'?' ffebr. next, m! Smith hath sent me over a venture 
of lOOl but the greatest part of it in liquors, w*".'' I had rather 
had beene in any thing els, and if S5 John Simonds adventure 
be in li(}uors, I desire it not, because it will vndoe tlie colony. 
But in other commodities (such as I have sent to m! Smith 
for) I wilbe willing and shalbe able (I hope) to returne to the 
Adventuro" twenty vj)on the hundred profitt ; but more J will 
not vndertake for. The trade of beaver is wh(Jly now in tlie 
Govern" and the Captaines hands, without any rival 1 ; and 



198 



tlu'V :ii'c iitiiu'd pai'tncrs in the driviiiii- of it. Tlic deere yo"' 
L(»'.' writes for, I am ahlo to doc iiothiiiii- in it as yet ; & to 
promise more tlien I know liow to })fornie, wilbe litle satisfac- 
tion to yo'" Lo'.' T will lay out this next sprintj for as many 
fiiwnes as I can, tt if I gctt any, I will bestow the breeding of 
tlieni ag' shipping goes away the next yeare. The (Jovernors 
pinnace is now gone to Kent to be i)utt vp(»n the stocks, and 
by that time she is trimmed the Govern'" intends to be back 
againe, and to bring away in her the cattell ; as fast as he can. 
And when they come hether I intend to ])utt them on the 
other side where Ca])t. ffleete planted for this side wilbe over- 
stockt with them ; & starve them all in the winter, ifor the 
Cedar desired, I knoAV ncme here worth sending, as I told 
yol" Lo]). by my last, ifor the birds, I haue no cage to putt 
thcni in when they l)e taken, nor none about me dextrous in 
the taking of them, nor feeding of them, & I have my selfe 
so litle leisure to look after such things, that I can promise 
litle concerning them, and for the arrowes the Govern!" will 
take care, who hath all the commerce w"' them, tt f<>r my part 
I scarce see an Indian or an ai'row in halfe a yeare neither 
when I doe see them have I language enoughe to aske 
an arrow of them, ffor the clerk w''*' I wrote for, I am now 
})r()vided w"' one whom I intend to bring vp vnder me, & in- 
struct him in the art of surveying. Ifor the merchants pipe- 
staves, wind-mill etc I have given yo'" LoP some accompt in 
my diarie. the wind-mill & housing t^- garden will fall to the 
(iovern!" by a comjwsition wl'' I made with him afore his 
going to Kent, that he should defray all the charges of the ex- 
pedition, iV: Ibr his hazard <\: charge should have all the per- 
(piisites of the warre, excej)t the cattell onely ; and the pipe- 
staves, w".'' he was to have at 40f a thousand : and I thinke what 
he hath, he well deserved ; considering the great hazards and 



1<)<) 



vncertainties vpon w''' he ventured at that time ; & the great 
charge w"}' he was att. The pipe-staves the Govern' intends 
to deale w'.'' ni!' Staggc now at his conn'ng to virginea, to take 
them oif & to Give me bills of exchange for 40f p thousand 
what he getts for them above, wilbe to his owne jirofitt. 

ffor answere to the second iFe. 

Your Lo'!!!^ stock of cattcll willbe so sufficient here by that 
time they arc all l)r(»ught froin Kent that I tiiinke it wilbe a 
necdlcsse charge to lav out monev for more in virginea. 
I tiiink these wilbe as many as can bee well looked to and 
provided for in the winter as yett, ffijr swine we need not 
much care thoughe virginea be shutt vp to vs hereafter, for o'' 
owne colony or Kent will provide yo" ho^l of enow to begin a 
stock withall at any time ; & when I have resolved whom to 
employ on Captaine ffleets side for the looking to yonr dairy, 
I shall then take some course for the stocking (^f that ferme 
with such swine too, as shalbe fitting to begin with all. And 
for poultry I can at this present out of my owne stock furnish 
yo"" Lo^ w'?" 50 or (30. breeding henns at any time, tfor 
negros I heare of none come in this yeare. I have desired the 
Govern'' to be very earnest ^\■'?' m?' Kempe to spare yo'' JjoK^ 
out of his flock halfe a hundred ewes this yeare; & if it may 
be obteincd from him, I will pay him ont of m!" HaAvlies 
money, and n(>xt to sheepe, I thinke mony wilbe best 
bestowed on a stock of goates. I spake w"' M' ( 'oply about 
m!' dorrells goods, & he saith that ml more hath written 
nothiuti' to them concerning the allowing of m!' tforsters debt, 
and it is fitt if he desire to recover it that he send a Ire of 
Attorney to sue it for him, or procure a liv from m!' uiorc that 
thev- should ]>ay it. there is no will of ui!' Dorrells yet 
proved, nor admraon taken out; nor Inventary made of the 
goods ; some of them are yet remaining in my hands w""" I 



200 



\\ill)o a<'('(nni)tal>U' tor, when any one shewes a lawfnll interest 
to demand tlieni bv, w'^f' yet I know of none, ii'or tlie order 
w''.'' vour Lo'.' saith is taken that they of the liill shall have 
sonic t('ni])orall person, tte it were indeed a very irood eourse 
for tlie avoidinir of present difficulties; bnt m^ Ponlton 
(whom 1 actjuainted w'J' it) doth not know of any snch order 
taken as yet. The Vngula Alcis w'^.'' yo'' Ijo!' writes for, can- 
not he had till the snnnner and then the Govern'' saith when 
he goeth to the Sesquisanongs he will endeavour to proeure 
some, tfor the tenths I gave yo"" Lo^.p of a generall Accom])t 
of tliat matter in my last ; l)y w'.'' yo' LoP will tind that 
I have gathred no tenths of any of the rest, cV: they will 
thinke themselves very hardly dealt withall to have it exacted 
of them onely ; and besides I am very confident that their 
gaines of the trade the last yeare will not allow any paym' out 
of it ; neither vpon the whole trade w*".'' they have entred in 
my booke will the tenth amount to any considerable matter; 
so that w'?" your LoPE' leave I intend to forbeare the exacting 
of it, till further order from yo!" IjoF especially so long as they 
comply (as they (h)e begin) w**" yo!' Lo^.^ service here. fPor the 
housing w"^ yo! Lo!' directs to be sett vpp, I intend to sett it in 
hand with all speed, on Captaine ffleets side ; w"^ yo!" LoP shall 
doe well to deale w'? the Ca])taine at his coming into England 
to exchange it w'.*" yo!" Lo!' for m!' Hawlies house etc if your 
LoP can compound w'? m!^ Hawlies heire for the escheate. if 
you can hinder the Captaine from obteining that house by any 
other meanes then yo!' LoP^ grant, he will exchange C'a])t : 
ffieets mannor, and all the mannors in the country rather then 
let S' Peters goe (so they call m'' Hawlies house) to w*^'' he is 
so nmch affected for the Saints sake that once inhabited it. I 
have remembered the Govern"' to give yo"" Lo!" some informa- 
tion in his next touching the country bcvond the falls of 



201 



Patowmeck ; and he hath promised to doe it, and liath putt it 
vpon his memorandmus. 

fFor the bounds betweene vs & virginea the Govern!^ hath 
already laboured it in virginea, & he hath promised to give y' 
LoP an aecompt of it by the next likewise. 

tlbr answere to the third ; the Govern" hath vndcrtaken to 
give y"" Lo? satisfaetion by sending vp the Mliole aecompt : by 
w".*" (as I gatlier) nothing wilbe coming for m!' medcalfe to 
dispose of to m?' Copley. 

Litle els I can think of at tliis time, my humble service to 

my Lady, m" Eure, m!" Peaselie, and m? Peaselie ; my prayers 

to Almighty God for his blessing on our yong Prince and 

m""^ Anne ; & he multiplie so much happines on your Ijo'Z^ 

head as is wished by 

Yof Lo"!^ most obliged servant 

John Lewger 
S* maries this 5*'' January 

1638. 



No. 11. 
FATHER ANDREW WHITE TO LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Superscription.] 

20. February 1(J38. 

Mr Andrew alias Tho : White to the 

Lo : Baltemore 

from Mnrvhiud. 

K. Ilon'^!^ Sir 

Hauing ended in a former my tedious apologie for my rep- 
utation, I reflected th' I had troubled y"" LP and my selfe to 
much and yett had filled the measure of yf IJ"^ expectation nor 
of my liege duety in signitieng such occurrences and mysteries 

26 



202 



of the roale jiiiblique w"** some solitarie liowers in studie of y'' 
L^I' ha])]>inos liaue recounted vnto nice. As concerning our 
present estate eueiy day bettering itt selfe by encrease of 
Planters and plantations and large cropps this yeare of Corne 
and Tobacco the seruants time now expiring : I am well as- 
sured til' is the subiects of many better ])ens : therefore I -will 
spare snpfluous repetition. This yeare indeed hath [)rooued 
sick and epidemicall and hath taken away 16 of our C'ohjny 
rather by disorder of eating flesh and drinking hott waters 
and wine by aduice of our C'hirurgiau rather by any great 
malice of their feuers for they who kept our diett and 
absteinence generally recouered. Really my I^ord I take the 
cause of the sickness to bee the ouergoodnesse of land w"^ 
maketh the viands to substantiall that if duely regulation be 
not vsed tlie tyme of summer mIicu the heate of stomakes is 
comonly >veakcst eyther tliey lye vndisgested and to breed 
agues or are thoroughly disgested and so breed great ([uantities 
of blood and vitall spiritts w"^'' taking fyer eyther from the 
heat of the season our buildings beeing farre unfltt for such a 
climate or from some violent exercise begett feuers trouble- 
some enough where wee want physick, yet not dangerous at 
all il" |K'opl(' wilbec ruled in their diett, w'*' is hard for the 
uulgar vnles wee had an hospitall heere to care them and 
keei)e them to rule perforce w"'' some worthy persons of this 
])la('e doe thinU upon. I had my share thereof beeing twice 
gincn oner; but yett lett heere for a while to amend and to 
seiMic y'' Ij' and this Colony better then bcfoi-c. The reli(|ues 
thereof 1 carry still about mee not in weakeness of body w"'' \ 
neuei- had less ; butt in a decay of my hearing when people 
speaUc low and I feare in tyme I may loose alltogether : yett 
as itt is now itt is a hindrance as well in an oltice F hane as 
y"" L'.' knowes asallso in lerning the Indian language \\"^' hath 
many darUe guttnralls, and drowneth often the last syllable or 



203 



letteth it so softely fall as itt is cucn by a good eare harde to 
bee vnderstood. I am tould of one in London who is excel- 
lent for such cures : and therefore I write to our Great man 
there for leaue to returne for one yeare for helpe : who knowes 
whether itt may pruouc to wayte upon y"" L'.' hither the yeare 
following, ifor w"^ cause I shall huml)ly entreat y' L? to ol)- 
teyne of the said party one couple more to come w'!' tlie next 
Shipjis to Mf Englebey who liueth in Suffolk and Mf Benett 
in Dorcettshyer who both doe infinitely desyre to serue God 
and y"" IjP uppon tiiis i)lacc and haue signified their desyres to 
raee by letter. Their coming will relieue mee from the duety 
I stand heere ; for one yeare : and att my returne I trust to 
bring more with mee, who will not come alone. This wilbee 
to uery good purpose, as well humbly to represent sundry 
things vnto y"" 1^^ w".^ I dare not committ to letters an".'* are no 
better then blabs : as allso to assist a solitude w"*" since my 
Cosen Coplays departure thence I coneeaue the affaires of our 
Colonye are in ; and haue not many who take them actingly 
to hartc and euen freynds heare our successes as men doe 
musick for their owne curiosity : not for our good. And in- 
deede my Lord neyther could my Cosen or any body else tyed 
to other employments and fixed in the firmament of one place 
sufficiently doe the busines wee desyre for itt requires a mIioIc 
man and more ; who will take itt to harte making iourney to 
and fro througiiout Engl'} to bring in aduenturers and ])utt a 
new heate and Spiritt of action therein : for I haue marked 
that halfe endeauours and want of energye begett delay and 
delay workes often dishonour and disjxiycr, I wisli I might 
haue ]\P Altani with mee thither for one who is a true zelante 
of the good of this place, uery actiue, and stirring and hath 
many noble freyndes and allies who haue sent liiin since our 
coming large signes of their Lone: who wilbee able to giue 



•204: 



his (lisciilpa to y"" LV and cleoiv Ins iniiocency, I hope and re- 
turne to hclpe the Coloiive aiiaine. 

Now my Loi-d ill the interim heerc is Captayne George 
KiK'lin who wisheth much happines to yf L? ami the ])hiee. 
Hee sheweth us a draught of our Prouiuce deuided into 
Countres, Baronies, Lordsiiips, etts. Hee speaketh of Citties 
and townes ; of iudicatures, iudges, armes, Captaynies, etts. 
w"^ hee tells us y!" T/ much approoued, and thereon certayne 
Gentlemen ioyned to come to us w*** 500 men : butt entring 
treaty about the trade of beuer they broake of againe. I see 
this frame doth not much displease butt itt is thought rather 
too timely then vnfitt for neyther haue the Indians deserted 
the land and left itt to our diuision nor our paucity of men as 
yett tor itt. The greatness of the lordshippes not vnder 5000 
akers and reaching to 9000 is thought by eury body too much, 
and would bee better from 2000 to 4000 for so, as wee stand 
att the present wee shall sett closer and make more roome for 
ne^v aduenturers ; and haue more markett townes and some 
uery soone. There was allso proposed a consideration of 
y! L'!' infinite charge about this prouince both abroad and att 
hoame and meanes treated ho^\' some profitts might bee raysed 
for tlie mayntenance of yf L'l' person after that decent maimer 
as princes are by right of nations mainteyned in spknidor ac- 
cording to tlicir place. Truely my Lord the ])roposition was 
well liUcd and 1 heard no body so forward in itt as Captayne 
Cornewallycs. ( )nly hee desyrcd th' for satisfaction of all and 
for tlie legality of the \vay tli' itt might bee treated in parla- 
ment and the pouerty and ])aucity of the Planters foi' the 
present bee ducly allso considered, and yet some what pre- 
sentely acted therein : and many waves wilbee found out. I 
doui)t not, where loyall lone seeketh the way, yf LV is much 
beloued, and honoured of all. And so to remaine I humblv 



205 



yr L'.' not easily to lend both cai'es to iiny information tor 
emulation wilbee, and this will ouersay. I could Avish y!" IJ'. a 
graue vnptiall freynd to write you the truth. Vis scire cuius 
rei inopia laborant magna fastigia : qued omnia possidcntibus 
desit. Qui verum dicat. 80 sencca and an other found none 
to tell Alexander truth, but his horse ; who once casting him 
made him know hee was not Juppiters sonne when his flatterers 
chaunted itt to him. Why T say thus : yf L? shall vnderstand 
if wee euer nieete. In the interim bee itt a riddle : and I re- 
turne to the i)oynt againe. Concerning therefore y!" L'" pro- 
fitts I beleeue ueryly one in twenty of all menage and trade, 
for 7 veares will easily bee graunted by our present pouerty 
and })aucity : and when our number groweth greater and 
richer ; then I tliinke th* w"'' Capt. Euelin proposeth to witt. 
1. in 100 for euer little enough and too little too. If all 
weare of my mind I should say to y!" LV as yf L^.' father of 
glorious memorie said to mee in a Ir' from newfound Land 
th* I would deuide euen euery and the uery last bitt w''' yf L? 
Therefore my Lord to act in the discipline of affayer. the 
mayster-])oynt is to know where to begin. And truely w"' 
dew reuerence to y'' better and grauer iudgf wee must vse all 
meanes to full people the country for so small matters from 
many will grow paramount in the whole. Men must bee 
brought by the acting diligence of such persons in England 
who as eyewittnesses can ; and, as faythfull seruants to y!" LP 
and this Colony for Gods glory, Nvill, employ themselues wholy 
about itt visiting all the sliyrcs of the I^and and worke solli- 
citously by themselues, their freynds, and thcii- allies : w"' such 
a spirit of fcriiour and payncs : as if God recpiired no other 
thing in this world att their hands but this. To w"'' if itt bee 
added : thf euery planter for euery 2000 lb. of Tob. they 
gather and cure shall putt one man upon the place to serue 



206 



tliciii and for euerv oOOO shall putt two men : weo shall soone 
urow ii])]H'. I suppose all would bee glad to bee so bound for 
ecrtayiie yearcs. To this I shall humbly represent this ealcu- 
latiou to y' Lr for eertayne and indubitable out of our eonimon 
experienee : th' ifyl' Lr layinjLj; out .'iOU?' for transporting of 45 
men att <)"" the man, will adde butt one hundred more for the 
Hrst yeares prouision and ]iutt them vnder a earefull ouerseer 
you may binde him to giue you 1000"' of Tob. viritim, and 
7 barrells of Corne entersett w"' pease beanes and mazump 
w"* obligation allso to breed you 200 head of poultry and tur- 
keys w°'' (exeepting this last) was my aggreement w"' my ouer- 
seer this last yeare and God bee thanked hee pformed itt well 
and w*** ease. I gaue him for his paynes one mans worke of 
the gang and liis owue and all surplusage aboue 1000 a head 
and about 7 \y!l item a head : and I thinke hee gained nigh 
100 ft) sterl. by the bargaine and itt so pleased my Cosen 
Copley, as hee eontineweth the same one yeare more. Now 
my L^ by this meanes you will receaue the first yeare 45000 lb 
b(>si(les Corne, to vittuall y'' men for the yeare following att 
o bi-ls the head, and to buy eloathes for them w"' the other 
4 brls. w"'' 45000 tb. in Tob. is more then a thousand ft) sterl. 
w''' beeing turned to buy more men for the 2*! yeare will putt 
you att (3l transptation 177 men w"? ioyned w'*" the former 
make 222 men whose worke the 2"! yeare pdueeth you 
222000 11) Tob. id est, 5550 ft) sterl. w'^^ some employed for 
men att the end of the 2!^ yeare for the third yeares planting 
makes together w**" the former 114:3 men w'^'' yeld you the same 
third yeares end 1148000 fti of Tob. w'^'' will bee able to buy 
and freight many a shippe. To make this solid itt wilbee 
neees.sary to haue eaeh head the 2 and A yeare to plante 10 
i)arrells of wheate, th' is, three akers a man as some vse heere : 
th' y!" Li' may bee att no eharge for diett or ap])arell and after 



207 



tliev liaiie ended their these men beeing sett on C-opies niuv for 
euer by their ehief'erent maynteyne y" I^"^!^ honse and vses \yith 
come etts. Secondly as in ffiance Spaine and Italic, the 
Soueraigues doe ap]M'()])riate the sayle of certaync things for 
thcmselnes : So I conccaiie y!" Lr may for a tymc monopolize 
certayne trades as bringing in a brikeman to serne you for 
yeares and oblieging all to take so many bricks of him as will 
sett up]) so many foote of building more or less according to 
the degree of person : in contemplation that such houses are 
cheaper upon the reckoning : necessary for health against heate 
and coald in this country : and fitter for defense of mens Hues 
against the infidels. And for this a conuenient j)rice may be 
sett on the thousand ; no man pmitted to make bricks but 
one ; ynless hee bee a seruant and makes for his maysters yse 
alone. The like I say off Carpenters Hatters, Sawers, Coopers, 
Smiths, etc. Thirdly, though for the present I should not 
aduise to deale any more w"' hiring of Shipps ^y''^ is a business 
of great entangle till three yeares of y'. forsaid j)lantation bee 
ended th' you may bee able to haue tAyo or three faycr shipps 
of ¥"■ owne bought by y' mens labours and seamen in them 
hyred for yeares w"' boycs gi'owing upp for the sea vnder them 
w"' one Pilot and his mate w"' any Mayster or Captayne but 
y' substitute w'!' a steward of y^ w"* out any purser : Then my 
Lord the sea will bring in pfitt butt otherwise I ncuer heard 
any way sufficiently warrented to gett by shi])]) liyrc no not 
though a hyring a sliippc 1 should Ictt itt to a mayster reser- 
uing transportation of some men and goods gratis w"' out any 
charge of vittualing hir f »r if slice should cytlicr miscarry by 
the maysters faultc w"'' I putt in liir : or the mayster not able 
to pav oi- the like ; all would I'ccanibyc M])on nice. Only Sea- 
men themselyes are to deale in shipp hycr ; as I think Saluo 
nieliori iudicio. I)Ut when y' L'.' hath ships of y'' owne then 



208 



may y"^. Lordsh? 8end Tobaeehoes to such places wiiere they 
ueiit lu'st and hrinir in all manner of comodityes sett uppe 
maiiaziiics in this Colony att reasonable prices and yett make 
thereby a uery great gayne : as the Duke offlorence doth out of 
his Innes. ftburthly itt would be uery expedient to trie what 
wine this land will veld : 1 haue a strong p'sumption that itt 
will prone well for this auturaue I have drank wine made of 
the wilde grapes not inferiour in its age to any wine of Spaigne. 
Itt had much of muscadine grape but was a dark redd inclining 
to browne. 1 haue not scene as yett any white grape excepting 
the tbxgrape w"'' hath some stayne of white but of the red 
grape I haue; scene much diuersity : some less some greater, 
some stayne, some doe not, some are aromaticall ; some not. 
Now if y". J/. \\'ould cause some to plante vine^'ards why may 
not y' L'.' monopolize the wine for some yeares : to y"! L''.^ great 
])fitt especially if all sortes of vines be gotten out of Spaine 
and ttVance. True itt is you must haue patience for two or 
three yeares before the veld wine but afterward itt is a Con- 
stant c(mioditye and th* a uery great one too. ffifthly y" L^ 
may 2)lcase to choose some large Hand for a breede of Swine 
vnder a carefull swineyard who may allso looke to a heard of 
goates and yong calfes from uiilkc all w"'' bought when they 
bee uery little for no great matter will in few yeares grow upp 
into great flocks w"'out any fartiier cost att all : Avhence you 
may draw for your Darys and y"" table abundantly. A sixth 
thing oilVcd ittselfe vnto nice nuich more beneficiall tlien all 
this aforesayd : w""'' I will not connuitte to writing: but will 
reserne itt to a meeting. 

Now my uoble L'.' as concerning the trade of beauer ; what- 
soeuer 1 ran say, after so wise and grauc ])crsonages who haue 
fully considerd itt, will bee oi" little importance, yett if your 
L'.' pleascth that I lay my opinion together with myselfe att 



209 



yl' L'.'" t(H't(' : and hunihly vnder correc'tion ivp'seiit in .scci-ctt 
to y' st'lf'c alone wliat I tliinke concerning the last cx)ncordate 
of fine years. Tf I vnderstand not ainiisse the sharers are to 
})ay the tenth of their cloath and the tenth of theyre bcaner 
for fine yeares and then to hane no more right in trade. As 
concerning the former T feare itt will haue no other effect then 
to hinder both y'' L'.' and all the first aduentnrers from trading 
att all y! L? by conenant ; the adnenturers, by impossibility of 
saning there owne, w'''' y'' L"^ will euidently see by this paper 
of cah'nlation in w"^ enery parte is our eomon experience. As 
concerning the 2*! I heare men say : that if the right of truck 
bee taken from them first by this eouert and after ward 
b}' o])en meanes, they can haue no assurance for the lauds you 
giue them : Kcciiif/ hi the ilcclardfioii fiiifJ coixVifioiix of phiiifd- 
fidii hoih s/idfc ill trade diid flic hiiid riiniics in one diid f/ic 
sc/fc stiiiic tenor diid iroiild hee esteeiiicit so if itt ircarc hroiK/lit 
to (iiiji licdriiKj. I rciiK'iiihcr irlicii i/'.' Ij! corrected the irriften 
Copic ir'''' I iiKide, I (/a lie if. L''. on occasioti rjjpoii the i/rdiiiit 
of trade to rcficcfe irliefher Itt leedre not p'ft to /iiiiift the (/raiiiif 
for ted r me of life d lilt iiotir"'stdiidiii(/ this sii(/(/estioii if. L'' iroii/d 
hdiie itt (joe dl>sdliite ds the (/rdiint of land : and now my T^ord 
this beeing only the specially reward of the first Adnenturers, 
who exposed their lines and fortunes and banished themselnes 
from their fnwnds, allies, and C^ountry to serue yf 1/ in this 
])lantation : doe not blame them my L'.' if they feele itt and 
stand for their supposed right on w'*' their maintenance doth 
much depend, vntill they shall vnderstand liow they can loose 
that ; and may not heercafter hane their land taken from them 
too. the f()rme of granut for each beeing all one. And as 
for the concordate signed by so many who vnderstand little of 
truck and trade, excepting relin(|uishers ; who care little how 
itt wayeth : that seemeth to snp])ose a common stock w''' hath 

27 



210 



ben none si nee tlie bad sueeesse of the tNvo former in w^'^euery 
body Mas losers w"'' makes euery body protest against itt as an 
engine and mystery to viidoe y' L^ and tliem from whence itt 
followcth til' Iiowbeitt all Aduciitui'ers in P^ngl'.' subscribe yett 
heerc bceing no guildc nor Ixtdy of traders, as they say, 
to carrv their I'iglit by most iioiccs : though all butt one 
should forgoc tliccir right ; yett may that one retayne his. 
Trucly my L*? this doth much trouble the thoughts of our 
Colony who takes this to bee a stepj) to take also their land 
from them, in tyme vnles they defend this, (xood my L'! I 
humbly beseech you for reuerence to God and y'' loue to this 
xpian C^olony of his and y''.^ rather ask this right by way of 
honour of tlicm for some yeares then })resse itt from against 
their will, w''^ can not bee w"' out losse of their lone at least 
though no farther incouucnlencc should follow. Itt is here 
rather not vnderstood then doubted how such a right bought 
by a deere aduenture of life and fortunes and giuen as the 
honorary and distinctiuc signe of the first noble vndertakers 
for y" L^:^ Prouince can by any man bee taken from them. Bee 
the right as itt will : whereof I am no iudge, and may not 
speake till y!' IJ' giues mee leaue and I am asked : I beleeue 
the I'oruicr way as itt was att first ^v"^ l)egctt more profitt for 
yf Ll' for the trade lyeth farre and wide out of our Colony 
and much in new Albion then hccre : and casic itt will be for 
yr I/." subiccts to absent themselues from hoame to trade there 
or att many places besides : from whence will follow that the 
trade wilbcc diucrtcd from us aud a markett sett upp in some 
neighbouring land: as Capt. iHeetcs and Roberts proiect was: 
and still is as I feare to a uery bad example and diminution 
of ours. Much better (with humble awe and reuerence bee itt 
spoken) would itt prooui' tor y!' L'' to hauc .') tactoridgcs in the 
l)c-t places, th' is one man in each w'.'' sutHcient ti'uck : tiie one 



211 



at Palmers He for the trade of the Sasquesahanoes the other 
att Nantakoke for all the Easterne foreland and the third at 
Anaeostans for the Mattomecks : and att the end of May our 
boate may goe and fetch the beiier w'!* iiery small <'hargc, and 
thus much I signified to y!" L'.' by the doue and to leaue itt to 
y!" Lp.^ greater wisdome & consideration. And by this tyme I 
haue wearied y"" L? I am sure : and am much ashamed at my 
tedious manner of expression. A pardon therefore is to bee 
asked : yv"^ in honour I liope you will giue to this great Par- 
tiall and iiumble seruant of yf L'!^ who dayly })rayeth for 
yf Lp^ happines and the good of yf Prouince 

Y' U.' euer all all 

Tho. White 20. feb. 



No. 12. 

CECILIUS, LORD BALTIMORE, TO GOVERNOR 
LEONARD CALVERT. 

[Indorseuieut.] 

2PJ> & 23"^ of Xouemb : 

1(342 

Copie of the Lord Baltemore 

Lre to Mr Leonard C'aluert. 

Good Brother 

By Mf Ingles Slii|)p w"'' is now in the Downes I sent 
a large dispatch to you as you will find by a note inclosed. I 
forgott in my former letters to giue you thankes w"'" 1 noM' 
doe, for yo'' kindness shewen to Jo : Langford, w'''', by his let- 
ters to me, he sayes hath been very much : I take it very 
kindly from you, and I i)ray continue it ; for he will dcscruc 
it I make no doubt from you, and I shall rc(|nitc it in due 



212 



time to Vdii : the like I must and do say concern i no; Mr Rob- 
ert l^uclin, who deserues to he well esteemed hy me; and I 
find hy Ids letters, that you receiue contentment in one 
another, of" w"'' I am very gladd. In my dispatch by 
M!' Intrles Shij)]) wherein one Mr Gilmett comes recomended 
from me to you : I desired you to take care for his soiourning 
some where there to his contentment, w'"' I desire may be av*'' 
yo"" selfe for many reasons, but I fcjrgott to mention liis Boy 
that way ted vpon him w""'' must also soiourne w*.'' him for he 
cannot be decently w"' out such an attendance; wherefore 
I j)ray take order for him they haue all necessaries of Bedding 
tVre : jn-ouided and sent w"' them, and I writt then to you to 
take care also for the sojourning of Ml' Will Territt who 
comes herew'!' to you being a Companion of Mf Gilmetts both 
whom r recomend in thoBe Ires and do now againe very hart- 
ily recomend them to yo!" care : for they are both He assure 
yo" men of high esteeme heere ; and worthy to be cherished 
and valued by you, in w*"" you shall extreamely mucli oblige 
me. Take care therefore also I pray to accomodate the said 
]\[!' Territt w"' a convenient place to sojourne in there : and I 
shall, as I formerly wrote, ])ay the charge of it, when I know 
what it is if it can not be done otherwise ; yy"^ I hop(> by your 
endeavours it may, and 1 shall take it very kindly from you : 
howsoeuer y<tu will I hope husband my expence herein the 
l)est you can, and I shall pay what is necessary for the 
sojourning of the aforesaid persons by Bill of exchange 
hither. The Shipp wherein this letter comes, is sett out by 
one Mr Douty a very honest and fre(>-hearted Gentleman, the 
Master is called Kdward More and one of his Mates The : 
Tilson whom you know, as 1 wrote in some of my other Ires. 
l)Ut 1 am desired by this againe to recoiiiend this Shipp to yo"^ 
care for the getting all the freight you can for her there, 



213 



wluTchy INl!' Doiity may be ciicourajivd to advciitiirc tliitliei' 
agaiiK' ill that way : for he is like to be niueh a looser Out- 
ward bound : and for to gaine yo'' good will and f'nrtiieranee, 
]M' Douty tells me that he meanes by this Shipp to send you 
a Teiree of" good saek. I })ray hasten the designe you wrote 
vnto nie of" this yeare, of bringing all the Indians of that 
province to surrender their interest and right to me, for 
I vnderstood lately from a memlier of that Body politique, 
whom you call those of the Hill there that Mf AVhite had a 
great deale of Land giuen him at Paseattoway not long since 
by KittanuKjUund, before his death w''*' he told me by acci- 
dent, not conceiuing that that place was w"'in my Province, or 
that I had any thing to doe w"' it, for so he sayd that he had 
been informed and I had some difficulty to satisfy him that it 
was w'.'^in my Province, By this you may daily jierceiue 
what wayes these men goe, and of what dangerous consequence 
their proceedings are to me. I pray do not forgett also 
to prosecute effectually the busines of the tribute from the 
Indians and the discouery of the redd earth, and to send me 
the (|uaiitity I desired of it w*.'' speed. Me thinkes the 
Indians who are christened, if their conversion be rcall, might 
be brought to assist in their labours, and contributions of 
Beauer, peake &e. for the building of the New C'happell : 
endeavour I pray what you can to effect this. 

The CV)lonv of A^irginea hath this yeare by their petitions 
hither, desired seuerall things of the King, w".'' moue but 
slowly heere for their new Agent S' John Berkeley, is no very 
good Soliciter, and regards litle but his owne subsistence, in 
w'"' he finds ini[)loyment enough for his thoughts ; his f"ortuiie 
being very necessitous. I bcleeue that I could stand them in 
some steed heere in their l)usiiies, if they would deserue it of 
me : but it seemes I liaue been soe disobliged this yeare by 



214 



tlu'in ; that I liaiic little reast)n to truuhlo luyselfe in their 
behalf. I haiie desorued better of them, for they hud long 
since I dare say lieen reduced vnder that Company (w**' it 
seenies by their late protestation they so much abhor to come 
vnder, had it not been for me. You may tell M^ Kemp by 
letter from you, or otherwise, that if a Declaration may be ob- 
tained from tlie <;'ene rail Assembly in Virginea this next yeare, 
w"'' may import a settlement of friendship between me & that 
Colony and an allowance & approbation of my Pattent, and a 
Disclaime from all petitions delinered here ag' me and my 
Colony, in their names: and a condemnation of Cleybornes 
proceedings in the He of Kent and elscAvhere towards me, and 
that I and my Colony may haue free trade for, and leaue to 
transport anything ^ve buy in Virginea, without exception ; 
and that they will make a league oifensiue & defensiue w*'' me 
in such a way as you shall see cause: then I shall be willing 
to imploy my l)est endeauours in their affaires here, and I am 
confident 1 could find a way to effect those things they desire 
aboue mentioned to their contentment : but vnless all those 
things aforesaid concerning me be first done by them : I will 
not trouble myself w"" them. Soe expecting to heare from you 
concerning this business wherein T would not haue you negli- 
gent, 1 rest, 

Yo'! most affectionate loving 
Tjondon Brother 

21 Xoii. l(>4-2. 

My wife sent an Adventure by M! Robert Euelin the last 
yeare, to be j)iitt off in Virginea for her, at the best aduantage 
he could, of which he hath by his letters this yeare faithfully 
])romised to send the next yeare to her, a good returne, and a 
iust account thereof. I haue giuen my Wife satisfaction for 



215 



the said aduenturc ; and I do bestow the one half'e of it vj)()n 
you, and the other half vpon tlie said M!' EueHn to make yo' 
best benefits of it, without any farther aeeount to nie or my 
Avife for it; and I haue herein enclosed sent you a Note of the 
ptieulars of that aduenture vnder Ml" Ro. P^uelins hand w'*' the 
prices w"** they cost in Enf>;land ; w"]' I suppose Avilbe doubled 
there, to the end you may know how to demand yo"' lialfe from 
Mr Euelin, and being satisfied therein, to deliuer him the said 
Note againe. 

I pray take order that in the next yeares account of my 
neate cattle there, those w''*' yo" haue of mine and also those 
w''*' are in Kent, together w'.*" the increase of l)oth those parts 
of my stocke ; be truly inserted in the said account, for in 
Mr Lewgers last yeares account, they were both omitted, and I 
pray send Mf Kemp word that I do not like his way of 
paym' of the 100* w'^'' by his own agreem* he acknowledgeth 
receiued from me, and for w"^ he was to deliuer me Sheep &c. 
whither I could haue liberty to transport them or no into 
IMaryland of w''' there was no mention in the said agreem' as 
may appeare by the copy thereof w'^'' M!' Lewger hath, tliere- 
fore vrge him to deale fairer w"" me then so, by letting me 
haue so many sheej) as that money comes vnto, to be sold by 
yor direction for me in Virginea, and turned into Neat-cattle 
or els that Mf Kemp will pay me in Neat-cattle to be trans- 
ported into Maryland, for I will not accept of the other 
payni' and I pray do you endeauour my satisfaction herein 
w'?" expedition, and giue me an account thereof. 

I wonder wliy you gaue such kind entertainment as I un- 
derstand you did to certaine Dutch, who came it sccnies to 
S' Maries tiie last yeare being some of those who arc planted 
in Delaware bay w"' in my prouince. I understand tiiat diners 



216 



j)()()n' Planters are mucli proiiulic'd hv the Indians killinjj; 
tlu'ir liooovs, and that the Indians v])()n pretenee of their being 
made Christians are eonniued at, hy tlie gouerinu' there, in 
thi> iuiiiry done hy them to tlie i>hinters, to the vndoing of" 
diners of them, who vpon eoniphiint made, ean haue no remedy 
au'ainst the said Indians nor are pmitted to right themseliies. 
I pi-ay if this he trne, do not faile to see it timely redressed. 
I |)ray haue a sjM'eiall care of my ordnanee there & send me 
a pticull note of them the next yeare cV: an information in 
what condition they are. I did expeet by yo! lirs this yeare 
to haue had yo' o])inion eone'ning a |)position of setting vp an 
Iron Work in those pts according to my desire to yo" last 
yeare, a copy of w"'' pposition I then sent yo" but yo" do 
vsually omitt to gine me satisfaction in diu''s things, w".'' I 
write vnto you about, wherein you do not well : and 1 haue 
told you often of. 

Good Brother 

lust now I vnderstand that notw'.''standing my })r()hibition 
to the contrarii' another mendier of those of the Hill there, 
hath by a slight gott aboard M!' Ingle's shipp in the Downes 
to take his passage for Maryland w°^ for diners respects I haue 
reason to ressent as a high affront vnto niee wherein if yon doe 
not that right vnto mee as I re(piire from you in my Instruc- 
tions dat 20 Octobr last: I shall haue iust cause to thinke, 
that I haue |)utt my honor there in trust to ill hands who be- 
tray mec to all the infiimous contempts that may bee Laid 
v|>on mee. This (Jentleman the bearer hereof M'" Territt 
will accpiaint yon more pticulerly w"' my mind herein and w"' 
the opinion and sence w"'' diners pious and Learned men here 
haue to this odious and impudent iniurie olfred vnto mee, and 
w"' what is Lawfull and most neccssaric to bee done in it as 



217 



well for the vindieation of my honor as in time to j)''uent a 
growing mischeife vpon mee, vnto whomc wherefore I ])ray 
giue creditt. Mr Gilmett will 1 know conenrr in o])inion w"" 
him, for vpon diners eonsnlts had here (before hee went) hee 
was well satisfied what might and ought to bee done vpon 
such an occasion. In case the man aboue menconed who goes 
thither in contempt of my prohibition : should bee disposed off 
in some place out of my ])rovince before you can lay hold of 
huu for they are so full of shiftes and deuises as I beleeue 
they may perhapps send him to Pattomack towue thinking by 
that meanes to auoid yo'' power of sending him back into 
those parts, and yett the affront to mee remaine and the dan- 
ger of p'"iudiee also bee the same, for (whatsoeu' you may con- 
eeiue of them who haue no reason vpon my knowledge to 
lone them verie much if you knew as nuich as I doe concern- 
ing their speeches and actions here towards you) I am (vpon 
very good reason) satisfied in my iudgm* that they doe dc- 
signe my destruction and I haue too good cause to suspect, 
that if they cannot make or maiuteine a partic by degrees 
among the English, to bring their ends al)out they will 
endeauour to doe it by the Indians w'^'^in a verie short time l)y 
arming them &c. against all those that shall oppose them and 
. all vnder pretence of God's bono" and the propagacon of the 
Christian faith, w''* shalbee the maske and vi/ard to liidc their 
other designes w%ll. If all things that Clergic men should 
doc vpon these p'tences should bee accounted iust and to 
proceed from God, Laymen were the basest slaues and most 
wretched creatures vpon the earth. And if the greatest saint 
vj)on earth should intrude hiuiselfe into my howsc against my 
will and in despite of mee w"' intention to sane the soules of 
all my family, but w"' all giue mee iust cause to suspect that 
hee likewise designes my temporall destruction, or that being 
28 



218 

alivjulv in my howse doth tictuallio practii^e it, although av'** all 
heo doc ]M'rha])S manie spirituall goods, yet certeinlie I may 
and ought t<» ])'.serne mysclf'c by the ex])ulsion of such an 
enemy and by prouideing others to perfln'me the .spirituall 
good hee did, Avho shall not haue anie intention of miseheife 
towards mee, for the Law of nature teaeheth this, that it is 
lawfull for eurie man in his om nc lust defence, vim vi repellere 
those that wilbee impudent must bee as impudently dealt 
w"'all. In case I say that the j)arte aboue mencTmed should 
esc'a])e yo' hands by the meanes afore said (w''^ by all meanes 
p'uent if possibly you can) then I praie doe not faile to send 
]\If C'ojiley away from thence by the next shipping to those 
})arts ; vuless hee will bring the other new comes into yo' 
power to send back againe, and this I am satisfied here that I 
may for diners reasons cause to bee done, as the said Mr. Ter- 
ritt and ^V ({ilmett will more fullie satisfie you and I am 
resolucd to haue it done accordinglie. The princes of Italic 
who are now vpp in Amies against the Pope (although they 
bee Romane Catlioliques) doe not make anie scruple of Con- 
science by force of Amies to vindicate the Iniurie w"*" they 
conceiue hee would haue done vnto the Duke of Parma ; bye 
wresting a braue Pallace, not farr from Rome called Capreroly 
w*'' a little Territory about it, from the said Duke for one of 
the Po]ies Nephewes : nor doe thc^y much esteeme his excom- 
munications or Bulls (botli the ])ope hath made vse off) in that 
busincs f'oi- tlicv lu'leeue them to l)ee vniustlv ffrouiidcd, and 
therefore of no validity: although they continue notw"'stand- 
ing Romane Catlioliques, and these are : the Duke of fHorenee 
the state of Venice, the Duke of Parma and the duke of 
ModciKi Ivcggio : who are ioiued in league and haue now an 
Armie of ab(jue 40000 men raised against the pope, and hee 
neer as many against them vpon the (piarrell aboue menconed, 



219 



insomuch us it is <>vnerallie conceiued here that Rome is 
sacked by this time, or els that the pope hath giuen full satis- 
faction to the aforesaid princes, for liee is thought too weake 
for them. In fine if you doe not w"* a constant resolution 
and faithfull affection to mee, executed ^vhat I haue here di- 
rected (whatsoeu"" inconyenience come off it) and according to 
^yhat you shall ynderstand to bee my mind herein more per- 
ticulerlie by \yord of mouth from the said M' Territt you ^yill 
as I said betray mee to the greatest dishono"^ and p^'iudice that 
euer one Brother did another : But you must bee verie carefull 
that Mr Territt receiue no p'iudice by his communicating my 
mind to you, or by his zealous affection and fidelity to mee in 
doeing his best endeauonrs w'^ you to see my desire herein 
accomplished. Nor I^ikewise M!' Gilmett w"*" I am confident 
yo'' owne iudgm' and discretion will incline you to preuent 
although I had not mcnconed it. I vnderstand that 
notw^'standing my prohibition the Last yeare you did 
passe Grants vnder my scale here to those of the Hill 
of S' Inegoes and other Lands at S' Maryes and also of 
100 Acres of land at Pascatto\vay some of ^y'''' as I am in- 
formed you conceiued in iustice due vnto them and therefore 
thought yo' selfe obliged to grant them although it were con- 
trarie to my directions w*'*' to mee scemes yerie strange, for 
certeinly I haue power to reuoke anie authoritie I haue giuen 
you here either in whole or in part, and if I had thought fitt 
to haue totally reuoked yo'' power of granting anie Lauds there 
at all in my name certeinly no man that is disinterested could 
thinke that you were bound neuertheless in conscience to 
vsurpe such an authoritie against my will, because iu .Iustice 
diuers planters ought to haue grants from nice : for when I 
haue reuoked the power I gaue you for that purpose anie man 
els may as well as you yndertake to passe grants in my name, 



220 



ami liaiR' as inucli obligation also in Conscience to doe it, and 
how ridiculous that were for anie man to doe I leaue it to you 
to iudgc w hen I did iiiuc directions to you not to grant anie 
more Lands to those of the liill there, vpon anie j/tenee what- 
soeuei' I did so farr as concern'd tliem reuoke that power I 
forinerlie gaue you of granting of lands there, and it was a 
great hreadi of trust in you to doe the contrarie for I beleeue 
yon woidd take it vci'ie ill, and w"' good reason you might, if 
anie man wliome you should trust w'?" the keeping of yo" 
scale, should affix it to anie thing contrary to yo'' direction 
although you were bound perhapps in future to cause it to 
bee done yo'' selfe ; if those psons had had anie iust cause of 
complaint by haueing grants refused them, it had been 
yo"" part onlie to haue referred them vnto me, who knew best 
my owne reasons why I gaue the aforesaid Directions, for you 
are but meerly instrumentall in those things to doe what 
I direct, and not to comjjcl nice to doe what you thinke 
fitting: And t<»r ought you know some accident might 
haue hapned here that it was no iniustice in mee to re- 
fuse them grants of anie Land at all, and that by reason 
of some Act of this state it might haue endangered my life 
and fortune to haue permitted them to haue had anie grants 
at all, w"'' r doe not He assure you mention w"V)ut good 
ground, r shall earnestlie therefore desire you to bee more 
obscruant hereafter of my directions, and not expect that 
I siiould satisfie yof iudgm' by ac(|uainting you still w"' my 
reasons why T dircM't anie thing : for then my power there 
were no more then anie mans else, who may w'!' reasons 
perswade you to doe or forbeare any thing as A\-ell as I. And 
I doe once more strictly r('((uirc you not to sulTcr anie grants 
of anie Lands for the future to pass my Scale iiere to anie 
Mcml)er of the Hill there nor to anie otJKT ])erson in trust 
Cor tlicm v})on anie p'tence or chiime whatsoeul' w'Vmt 



221 



espeeiall Warrant viider my liaiid and Seale to bee hereafter 
obteyned from meo for that jiurpose. So I rest 

Yol" most affectionate loueing Brother, 
London 23*'' Noneml) : 1(542. 

I pray commend my kind respects to M" Tranghton and 
thanke her from mee for the letter shee sent mee this yeare in 
answeare of another w'^'' I liad sent vnto her the yeare before. 

The Maisters here of those of the Hill there did diners 
waies importnne mee to pmitt some of theirs to goe this 
yeare thither, insomuch as they haue God forgiuc them for it 
caused a bitter falling out between my sister Peasely and mee, 
and some discontentm* also betweene mee and her husband 
about it, because I would not by anie meanes giue way to the 
goeing of anie of the aforesaid psons. 



No. 13. 

CECILIUS, LORD BALTIMORE, DECLARATION TO 
THE LORDS. 

[Superscription.] 

Cecil 
The Lo : Baltemores 
Declaration to the 
Lords. 

To the Right Hono^'® the Lords Comissioners for forreigne 
Plantations. 

The humble Declaration of the Lord Baltemores proceedings 
in the procuring c^^ jiassing of" his Pattent of the Province of 
Maryland adioyning to Virginea, and of seuerall vniust 



-:>s>.'^. 



niolostations whicli some of the old dissolued Company of Vir- 
ijiiu'ii haue giiien liim both before & since, to his great 
preiudice. 

The Ijor Baltcmores ffiither having disbursed neare 20000 
lbs. l)(\-i(l('s the hazard of his own person in a Plantation in 
Newfoundland, a countrey proving not habitable for the 
great colds in winter. And having there vpon transported 
himself his wife, goods and family to A^'irginea w"" intent 
to plant and reside there, where he had been an Adventurer ; 
did for that purpose leaue his family there ; and vpon his 
arriuall in England became an humble Sutor to his Ma*!" for 
that part of Yirginea w''' lycth between the River of Passa- 
magnus and the p'sent PlantacH)n of Virginea on James 
Riuer towards the South. 

The 20'." of Feb. 1631. His JNla'-^ referred the consideracon 
thereof to the right bono''!' the Earles of Dorsett & Carlile, 
the Lo : Viscount Wentworth and the Lo : Cottington, or 
any three of them : and their said LT having well weighed 
the said request did 23 of Feb. 1631 signifie his Ma'!!' pleas- 
ure to M' Attorney Generall that then w^as, for drawing 
a Bill conteyning such a (irant to him and his heires, W" was 
so done by M'' Attorney and his Ma*^ Signed the same. 

The matter being thus farr proceeded, some of the old dis- 
solued Company of Adventurers to Virginea, seeming discon- 
tented therewith pretending that some of them the next yeare 
after determined to settle people on the South Side of James 
Piuer, for the planting of Sugars, it being the most Southerly 
and best jmrt of all Virginea and no other but that fitt for 
that ]>urpose, and that this (Jrant would much p'iudice them 
in this (hcii- (Icsioiic w'^'' the late Lo : Baltemore conceauiug: 
they did really intend, was unwilling to hinder so good a 
workc or to disgust them or anv other as farr as in reason was 



223 



fitt, thongli it Avcre to his oAvne pMudice, and therefore vpon 
his humble sute his Ma'? tooke the matter againe into eonsid- 
eracon and made a new reference to the Earles of Arinidell & 
Carlile, the Lo : Viscount Wentworth and Lo : Cottington, 
who considered not only of the said pretences, but also of the 
late incroaelnnent of the dutch nation in tliose ])arts, who 
haue planted and fbrtifyed themselues northward between the 
old Colony of Yirginea, and the English Colonies ])lantcd in 
New England. ^Vll w*^'' being by their said Lo'." represented 
to his Ma*:' they did (according to his Ma'^ direccons) by 
a Warrant vnder their hands dated in ]\farch following to 
M5 Attorney ScAvall that then was declare his Royall pleasure 
to be that the said Lo : Baltemore shonld resign(> his former 
Grant w"'' was only passed his signature, and haue an other 
Grant of a tract of Land lying a great M'ay distant northward 
from the old Colony of Virginea. And accordingly a Bill 
was prepared, ^hich jiasscd the Priuy Scale, and then before 
it could passe the great Beale of England, the said IjO : Balte- 
more dyed. 

After whose death, tlie now I^o : Baltemore became an hum- 
ble Suto'' to his Ma'?' for the continuance of his said royall 
favor and his Ma'^' gaue warrant dated 2L of Aprill next fol- 
lowing to M"" Attorney Generall that then was to draw a new 
Bill for the granting tlie said Lands to him «.V: his heires, 
w"*" passed likewise the Priuy Scale. 

Then some of the said old dissolucd Company nioued his 
Ma'^ for the stay of that (Jrant also, vpon pretence of prom- 
ises by proclamacon and otherwise from his Ma'?' (since the 
dissolucon of the old Pattent of Virginea) foi- the referring 
the old Companyes right to all things formerly granted them 
in that Pattent exce])ting the Gouernment and for the renew- 
ing of their pattent to that purpose, within the 



224 



whcivui", the Ijo : Ualtcinuivs Countrcy was included : and his 
Ma'* y\)ou their lii-eat importiniity ajj;aine referred tlie matter, 
as they desired, to the late Lo : Treasurer and the Earles of 
Dorsett cV: Carlile, who heard both parties and all matters that 
are now in (piestion before yo"" r./o'.'.' were then at full heard & 
considered of, and pticulai'iy that of Capt. Clayborne's 
p'tences to the Island whereon he is lately })lanted, was much 
insisted vpon by Sr John Worstenholme. But it then appear- 
intr to their Lo^.* first that their old Pattent was legally 
dissohied, not only to the point of (xouernment as- they pre- 
tended, but to all other purposes whatsoeuer, and that conse- 
(juentlv the ( 'ountrey formerly granted them was wlioly in 
the Kings hands to dispose of, and that those promises 
w''"' they pretended from his Ma'"^ by his said proclamation 
and otherwise were not to reserue to the company any incor- 
])orate riglit, or to renew their C\»rporaeon (w"'' his Ma'^' is so 
farr from promising therein to doe, in any kind whatsoeuer, 
as for the reasons therein alleadged, he rather declares his in- 
teueon then to be directly contrary, but to confirme (mly euerv 
|)ticuler mans |)ro])riety ct right to any Plantacon w''' any had* 
settled there, or assignem*:' of Land made vnto them during 
the time of the said C'ompanyes Pattent being in force, when 
any of them should desire it, as may appeare by th(> Proela- 
raaeon ; and it being also at that tyme made appeai-e vnto their 
Ijo"?' that although the tract of land then intended to the I^o : 
Baltemore, were within the lymits of the old ( 'omj)anies 
Pattent, yet that it did not infringe or trench vpon any such 
plantacon or assignement as aforesaid ; excepting in one part 
of a i'eninsula contavned within the said (Irant, w'** part of 
the Peninsula was therefore afterwards excepted out of his 
(Jrant: and that Capt: Cleyborne about tiie time of j)assing 
the said (irant w'^'' was many yeares after the dissolucon of the 



225 



said Companies pattent ; had without an v legal 1 autliority de- 
riued from his Ma'?' ; seated himself" in an Island Avhere now 
he is, within the Bay of Cheasepeack (w''*' is within the 
]>''('in('ts of the Lo : Raltemores pattent) and abone 100 miles 
northward distant from James Kiner, the p''sent scitnacon of 
the old Colony of Virginea, of purpose to remoue himself 
fiirr from all gouernment, being euer obserued to be a man of 
a factious Spirit, as did appeare by many of his former 
actions ; their Lo?f therevpon againe made certificate vnder 
their hands to his Ma'7 dated 5 of June 1632. that they 
thought fitt that the said last Grant should passe to tiie now 
Lo : Baltemore & his heires, excepting only a great part of the 
Peninsula aforesaid whereon some of the old Colony had long 
before planted themselues duriug the time of the old Com- 
panies pattent being in force, and accordingly a new Avarrant 
from his ^la'^ dated 7. of June following, was directed 
to Mr Attorney Gencrall that then was, to alter his Grant in 
that point, and to prepare a new Grant of all the rest w"' that 
excepeon only ; wl'' passed the great Scale of England, it 
being not a fortith part of the Territory belonging to 
Virginea, as may appeare by the Cards & Mapps of those 
Countreys, if yo?' Lo'l^ please to peruse them. 

After all w"?" the veare following tlie Lo : Baltemore haviny; 
to his great charge made preparation of Shipps and provisions 
for the transportacon of people to begin a plantacon in the 
said Conntrey so granted vnto him ; some of the old dissolued 
Company, a litle before the going forth of the said Shipps, 
being transported with spleene, (as he conceiues he hath 
reason to doubt) and of purpose to molest him in liis proceed- 
ings, well knowing how p^iudiciall a litle delay would 
bee vnto iiim at that time ; againe p^errcd a declaracc)n to 
yo' Lo"^' of the pr^tended inim*ies done vnto them by the said 
29 



226 



(inuit, fnrmorly so much debated <S: considered of as aforesaid, 
and lioj)ino: at last (as it seenics) to advantage themselues by 
importunity and multitudes, they brought 30 or 40 of tlicir 
( \impany before yo"" Lol'f and all matters formerly considered 
of, concerning that busines, were then againe debated of 
at large, and pticulcrly that of Clcybornes pretences to the 
Island wherein he is, was againe much insisted v])on, in their 
dedaracon, as by the Copy of it, will ap])earc : and when they 
were out of hope of overthrowing the said Grant, then did they 
moue, that at least they might haue an indejiendent liberty 
of trade w"' the Indians within his precincts, w(!ll knowing 
the preiudice w"*" they should do him if they obtained that 
liberty ; but it then appearing to yof Lo'!* as well the weaknes 
of their former p'"tences in other things, as likewise the inius- 
tice & great inconveniency of this last motion of theirs. 

ffirst, iu that it was the Lo : Baltemore's right by his pat- 
tent and the only p'sent benefitt, (though small and not likely 
to be j)ermanent,) that was probable to be made, towarde the 
defraying of part of the great charge of the Plantacon, and 
therefore neither in iustice nor equity fitt that any others who 
did not contribute to the planting of the (Vnmtrey should de- 
priue him of it : 

Secondlv in that it was verv inconvenient cV: daupcrous for 
him and his plantacon to pmitt it, because thereby he should 
giue those who were not well asserted to his plantacon, and 
whom he had noe power to regulate a meanes to spoile the 
markett of that Trade, as likewise to pick ([uarrells, and doe 
iniuries to those Tudians who were Neighbo''-' to his plantacon, 
and who would be apt to revenge vi)on his Planters all such 
wi-ongs done them, when those who did them were gone, the 
Indians making no dilierence between them being all of one 
Nation ; Yof Lol' therevpon thought fitt by an Order at the 



227 



Starr chamber 3 of July 1633 to dismisse the businoH, and to 
Icaue the Lo : Balteiiiore to the right of his Pattent. 

All w°^ just and faire proceedings in the passing of \\ ".'' pat- 
tent ought to haue been sufficient (as is humbly conceiued) to 
debarr any man from any further imj)ortuuity in opposing his 
Ma'.* gracious Act vnder the great Scale of England, so ad- 
visedly & considerately done, especially there having been 
really no such promises made by his Koyall Proclamacon 
aforesaid, as could any way either in hono'' or otherwise oblige 
him to forbeare to make such a Grant vnto the Lo : Balte- 
more : — But only were and are suggested by them either 
meerely to p'^iudice and molest his good endeavo" for the en- 
largment of his Ma'^^ Empire in those parts ; or for some 
other ends besides planting ; ffor if their intentions in this 
their importunity to haue their Corporation renewed, were 
and are mccrcly to haue power thereby to plant, any of them 
hath might and may yet, without pressing for any such thing, 
haue Land enough assigned them for that purpose, from his 
Ma" Gouerno"" and Councell in Yirginea, as many others, both 
old and new Plant" and Adventurers, from time to time, 
since the dissolucon of the old Compau}- haue had, and dayly 
haue, and vpon as good conditions as any perticular person of 
them cither had or could haue had, when they were in an 
incorporated Body ; there being more Land vnplanted and 
vndisposed of then them these many 

yeares, and such land as is more Southerly and better then 
that w''' is granted to the Lo : Baltemore, w"*" pticuler assigne- 
m'' also, his Ma'-' no doubt, would after\vards be pleased to 
confirme vnto any of them as they should reasonably desire, 
and as he was graciously pleased to promise, by his said Procla- 
con, to those who had any plantacon seated nr any assigne- 
ment of Land there, (hiring the time of the old Corporation. 



228 



But none of those, who liane so niucli troubled his Ma*f and 
yo" Lo':* in this busines, liaue any Plantacon or people setled 
in Virginea, neither hauc any of them begun any plantacon 
for sugars on the South ])arts of A'irginea, as some of them 
vpon the late Lo : Baltemore's first Grant of that part, abone 
menet)ned (w"^ is now 3 yeares since) p^tended very earnestly 
to doe, or done any thing els since, concerning the plantacon 
of Virginea, but importuned his Ma'^ and yo'' Lo'!^ for the re- 
newing of their Corporacon, and raysed trouble both here and 
there ag? the Lo : Baltemore and his Plantation. 

Now for as much as the said Grant was made vpon such 
mature (lelil)eratiou vpon so many seuerall references, war- 
rants and (Certificates (the Copies whereof are ready to be 
p''sented vnto yo'' Lo*!^) And for asmuch as the said Lo : 
Baltemore hath therevpon disbursed by himself and his 
freinds aboue tenn thousand pounds for the setling of a Col- 
ony of his Ma*:' Subiects in the said Countrey, having sent 
two of his Brothers thither (one of whom he hath since lost 
vpon the place) and having seated already aboue two hundred 
people there. Hee humbly beseecheth yo"" Lo^' to the end he 
may be no further vniustly molested by any of the old dis- 
solued Company of Virginea, but may peaceably & quietly 
enioy his INIa" gracious Grant vnto him, and the right, w".*" he 
(in confidence thereof) hath since so deerly bought by the ex- 
pence of so great sumes of money, the loss of one of his 
Brothers and severall others of his freinds, and many other 
troubles w''*' he hath since vndergone, in the prosecution of it. 
That yo' IjoP' would be pleased v]>on these considerations ; To 
make a tinall Oi-der that the old dissolued Company of Vir- 
ginea shall l)c heard no more in their said vniust p''tences 
against his Pattent, because the often (juestiouing of his right, 
though it be vpon vniust grounds, doth nuich pMudice him in 



229 



his proceeding;^, Nor that any other order do passe from this 
Hono^'" Boord ^v"^ may p''iudice his right or cause any suites 
in Law between them, ffor that Mould much endanger the 
Guerthrow of his Plantation which is now in a good forward- 
nes to perfection, and consequently his and many of his 
freinds vtter ruine, in respect that the greatest part of their 
fortunes are therevpon engaged. 



No. 14. 



GOVERNOR CHARLES CALVERT TO CECILIUS, 
LORD BALTIMORE. 



[Indorsement.] 



[Superscription. 



Seal. 
Calvert Arms 

WITH A 
LABEL. 



27 Aprill 1664 
My son Charles to me 

by Cap : INIiles Cooke. 

For The Right Hon"« 
The Lord Baltemore 
These p'"snt 

p Capt. Cooke. 



May it Please Your Lopj) — 

I shall now endcauour to giue yl" Lo^p an Accompt of \\ hat 
I haue done as to yf Lo'!£.^ Coimands in the last & This yeares 
letters but I shall first humbly begg y!" Lo^P' [)ar(l<tn that 
I haue nott done it sooner : 

27"^ May 1662. Your Lo''' was pleas'd in that letter 
to comand me to ])rocure some Elke Calues two Males and 
two Femalls, I haue ysed all my cndeauours possible but can 



230 



procure none as yet, yf Lo'''' in that letter was jileas'd to write 
ahoiit the IManu'' of Calverton, to know what has beene 
»ii-ante(l out of it, A Thousand Acres y' Lopp did ^raut to 
doctor Barber & 300 acres att an other time, & Mf Pyles has 
had a 1000 aci'cs more out of it vpon a letter wl** Mf Lewger 
writt long since as from y' Lio^^ w"'" is all I know^ of or can 
learne from any ; I haue acquainted the Masters of Vessells 
that \\ hat letters 1 send to y'' I-^o''^' they should carry for Lon- 
don & nott send them by the post as they were wont to doe & 
that y'^ Lo^P would beare them out in't, the 20 Barrells of 
Corne w°^ Mr Sewall was to haue he has now payd him by 
discount ^\ "' the ChancelP, & the 20'" w*^'' my vncle had of y"^ 
Lopp jjj Maryland money he tells me is pay'd as may appeare 
by his neate Accompt of 1661. I haue according to yf Lo^^^ 
Grant to my Cosen Darnall of Jenkins Plantacon endeauourd 
to sell it for him, & hope by these ships to send him Bills of 
Exchange for't ; M'" Sewall has Great Eltonhead as y^ L^I^p 
gaue me Ord"' in this letter. 

24'? July 1662. According to y!' Lopps Coiiiands in this 
letter I passt the land afores'' to the Secretary, & lie has sur- 
rendered his \\arrant for 2000 acres w'^'' yf L"pp was please to 
bestow on him : 

26'? July 1()()2, I humbly returne y' Lopp many thanks 
for the 25 p pole av*"'' the Countrey gaue by Act of Assembly, 
I shall endeauour to make the best vse I can for your Lopps 
seruice : As to what your Lopp writes about the Hattons 
whoe would faiue haue a 1000 acres of the Land att Choptico 
pretending a promisse from your Lopp av''' as I find vpon 
record was but Conditionall, soe that I shall obey y' Lopps 
Gomands cV: endeauours to satisfie them in some other place, 
when soever they shall desire it but as yett I heare nothing 
from them. The (Irant w"'' v"" L"'"' o:aue to Doctor Barl)er he 



231 



shewd nie vpoii w'''' 1 pass't & sino-'d him a pattent, afore y' 
Lopps letter came to m}- hands, & Avlieroas y^ Lt"^^ d<x'^< think 
that grant was reuokt', I enquir'd of the Chancell"" abont it 
M'hoe could say notliing to't as he told me, soc that I cannot 
find any thing wliercljy to recall what's pass't he shewing me 
yf I/P'' letter vpon w'*' I did it ct causd the words of y' L°pp' 
letter to be recorded w"'' concern'd his liuisinesse, Mf Lewgers 
Sonne has that Plantation of CVjles in lieu of 500 acres 
^ych yT j^opp Yy^^^ giuen him, there were noe housing vpon't, soe 
that there was noe Tob. to be demanded vpon that accompt of 
him; As to what yo'" Lopp : Avas pleasd to write about the 
moneys or Tobaccos due from M!' Sewall to M'" Lewger 
& Coecill I^angford I can onely say This that the fees of the 
Secretarys place are much mor(» then formerly tV: conceiue it 
M'ill not preiudice the Secretary to pay part if not the whole, 
but shall desire yf Lopps positiue Ordf therein for wliat's due 
in arreares, & for the future Coecill Langford being now gone 
from y!" L"pp the Secretar}' I think may very Avell pay 
My Lewgers share yearely. 

15'? Sep : 1()<)1. I did according to y!' Lopps Comandstake 
Peeter (jures from the Chancellr but since that he's returnd 
to him againe but vpon better termes then afore, 

24"' Sep. 1()()1 Your Lopp in This letter was pleas'd to 
write about Mf W" Eltonheads will, whoe by word t>f mouth 
gaue his land <Sl other estat to his wife he being att that time 
a prisoner & could not haue tlie benifitt of paper & Ink vpon 
w'^'' the Court then Judgd the \v\\\ good, but in regard 
the word heyres \vas not s])okcn I am not certaine whether 
our last Act of Assenil)]y for (piictting possessions does not 
confirmd it as to her as it was intended for all such as had but 
imperfect Conueyanccs w"'' makes me att ])'"sent able to say 
little but shall cndeauour to encpiirc more into't, in regard wee 



232 



luul occasion att our last Prouinciall Court to examine that 
busiiu's ct I find the wittncsso that was to haue prou'd 
that will was not entred vpon record, w"'' will alter the thing 
much, cV: if Mf Eltonhead Avill make a letter of Attourney to 
some person here to sue for liis right, I shall endeavour that 
Justice be done in't, hiit if he send a letter of Attourney he 
must gett it Attested according to Act of Assembly as y"^ L"^'' 
will see by the Acts sent home this yeare or otherwise it will 
not be of force here av"' vs ; I giue y*" L"''' many Thanks for 
the Grafts sent by M"" AVhite last yeare but none of them came 
to good ; I hauc tt shall obsernc y"" Lo^^" Comands in euery 
particular in these letters of 1662, These last of 1663 I shall 
now giue y^ 1^°'''' the Best Accompt I ame able in answer to 
euery thing therein. 

23'."' July 1663. I shall according to y!^ Lo^p' Coinands 
take care for the future w^ioes Bills I take, & as to that of M"" 
Ix)yds about the 26"" he assur'd me in the Presence of the 
Chancell'' that he had taken such effectuall Course w*** his 
correspondent in England that I press't him nott to draw any 
Bills, but it shall make me more Carefull the next time ; 
Smiths Bill w'^'' y'' L'^^ return'd protested came to my hands, 
but in regard Smith is gone for England whoe sign'd it, noth- 
ing can be done in't here but must leave it to y"^ L"^'' in 
England where he is or will be some time or other his Father 
is one of that Company vpon whom he drew those Bills of 
Exchange ct y'' fjopp will come to heare of the sonne vpon 
the Exchange, The 9 hh''.' of Tobacco av*"'' in 1662 I sent 
whome to y' L°pp by Capt Tully, 7 of w'^ I thought good & 
Aveighty, but as yf Lopp writes were nott, must be Capt 
Tullys fault, for it was himselfe that assur'd me that 4 of the 
7 w"** he brought from Ann Arundell were extraordinary good 
Tob : & good weight 400 & vpwards all foure, for the other 



233 



Three, I was w"' him \\heu they were l)r(jught ou board his 
Ship & I caus'd euery hdd to be ojiend & shew'd him the To- 
baccos w-^" he like't then very well, cV: wisht all the Tob: he 
had then on board were as good I saw them Meighed & euerv 
hogshead Avas v[)wards of 400 this I can Assure yf L"'''' to be 
truth soe that where the fault was vnlesse Cajit. Tully was 
Careless or did not deale soe fairelv w"" vf L"'"'' as he oug-ht to 
haue done I can't Imagine, for I tooke all the care possible I 
could that y'' L"pp mought not pay freight for bad Tobaccos ; 
The Bills of Exchange w".** your L"'''' receiued from Coll 
Smith charg'd by me I will take care shall be payd againe & 
thought to haue sent in this yeare. But doct!" Tilghman putts 
me of still alleadging his bad condition he is in, but say's he 
will not faile to contriue jiaym' next Cropp m".^ I shall returne 
to y"" Ij"'''', But Tliis will make for the future take care for 
whome I doe such a courtesey for it was ])urely to pleasur the 
doet!" he being a stranger att that time in Virginia w'''' made 
me request the faucjur of Coll Smith to procure him Creditt 
for soe much in A'^irginia w"*" accordingly vpon my letter he 
did, & to satisfie him I was forct to draw a Bill for the 
moneys vpon y"" L^^^ the Docf taking noe care to satisfie the 
debt. As Concerning what y!' L"pp writes that the Comiss" 
w"^ I sent did not well to consent that the same time for the 
stinting to be alike in both places, to w''.'' it was answered to 
me that they could not accomodate it otherwise the Other 
party alleadging that that Avould not be soe greate a preiudice 
in regard Maryland A\as not much to the Northward of Vir- 
ginia, & as to the Calling our Assembly here first was a great 
oner sight in them, & they eould giue me noe good answer 
to't, oncly that it was much press't by the other ]>arty the re- 
sult of our Assembly as to that l)usinesse I sent y"" If^^ in 
Harwood & Copys in (Jroome ; 1 was n(»t long since att 

30 



234 



Viro-inin to waite vjwn the Gouern'" <S: ani(nit>st other huisnesse 
w"' him I mon'd the setting forth the dinisioiiall line from 
A\^ittkins point to tlie seabord syde to w'^ he seem'd very 
wilhno;, & some time in .V])rill was then a|)])()inted for't, 
iV: since tliat I received a letter from Searburgh Avherein 
lie gaue me tt> vnd'stand that he had Order from the Goner'' 
Conneell c't Comittee of theire Assembly to Avrite to me that 
v|)(in the 10"' of May next was tlie time appointed by 'm for 
the doing that buisnesse to w""'" I answer'd I should nott fade 
to send others to meet them on y"" Lo''p^ behalfe, av"'* I am now 
preparing to doe & shall earefnlly obserne your L"p*'^ Coihands 
& Instructions in that buisncss, & I hope I may be al)le to 
gine y!' Lop]i an Aecompt by some of the last shipps that de- 
part from hence or Virginia of the accomodating that differ- 
ence betAvext the Virginians & vs, In answer to what y"" L"'''' 
writes about the INIanu'" of Great Eltonhead, vpon inipiirv 
since into that buisnesse doe find that there is 5000 acres 
according to former suruey, & ho\\" M!" ScAvall came to find 
there was but 3000 I shall not venture to say att p'"sent, but it 
goes now for the full (piantity as afore & nothing is s"^ more 
concerning it l)y the Secretary ; I receiued a letter from the 
Ijords of the Conneell but as y!" I/'''. Comanded me haue 
taken noe notice oft att all, but shall notw'?'standing be 
very diligent in obseruing theire Comands, cV: I humbly begg 
y' Lopps ])ard()n for my ()missi(m in not sending the last 
yeares bonds for 1()62 till this last shij)i)ing, but shall f()r the 
fnture amend that fault, L sent them by Groome c^^ du]>licats 
l>y Ilarwood or Tully I dont well reniembl" w"'' The Orig- 
inalls I kee})e here, those of 10(53 I now send by Gap' Cooke 
cV' Gopys likewise by Tilghman. My last yeares Aecompt I 
sent by (Jro(»me w'!' Jack Allen, bnt am afraid I shall not be 
able to send y'' r>o])p This of 1()()."5 nntill the next slii])])ing for 



235 



tlie sheriffs are sue long' iilure they retiiriie me theire Jjuoke.s 
that I haiie not time to make vp the Accompts the same ship- 
ping' to send y"^ I^-opp, w"'' I hope Avill excuse me, but I shall 
notw^'standiug endeauour what iu me lyes to hasten them, In 
answer to what y'' Lopp was plcasd to Avrite about the 68 
hhds of Tob : w'"' 1 sent last ycare in Fon for my not sending 
the weights of euery hdd was not soe mu(;h my fault for the 
Sheriffs came not dowue time enough ^v^'' theire notes of ])ar- 
ticular & the ship was gone afore I had them w°'' was the cause 
I sent them not, otherwise I sliould nott haue C'omitted such 
an ouersight as that was : The Gouer"" of Xew Amstell is re- 
turned to Delaware but I vnd'stand as yett nothing from him, 
neither {k)e wee hcare any thing more of the frigatts that ^vere 
design'd for the Manados, if at any time there be occaticon for 
our assistance to Call the Dutch to an Accompt for the Land 
they enioy there wee shall be ready & endeauour to putt in 
for y!' Lopps. Right 'w'''' att p'sent wee conceiue better to lett 
alone vnlesse yl" Lop[) can informe vs w"*" ^vay wee can safely 
do't, & wee shall be still read}- to Obey Comands. I spoak 
to the Chancellf touching y" Accompts w"** he sent to y"^ Lopp 
to w'''' he answered that he had sent yl" Lopp his answer 
to such Obieetions as were made & gaue me a Copy oft av"** I 
shall peruse & giue y"" Lopp my sence thereof but they are soe 
tedious that att p^'sent I am not able to spend soe much time 
to examine them neither is he at leasure my sicknesse whilst I 
was in Virginia & the time it Continued on me after my re- 
turne into these parts has hindred me extrcamly & putt 
me back in all my buisnesse, but I will examine all those ac- 
compts A: returne y"" Lopj) iiis answer to me as to euery par- 
ticular : I payM him his Thirds last yeare as yl" Ivop|) will find 
by tiie Accompt currant w*'"' I sent in Groome ; 1 bnmght 
him debtor 70 odds lbs for Arreares of Rents w"'' 1 found bv 



236 



the l)i)()ks rctunul me in l()(j2 w'''' liis scuerall (lepiitvs had re- 
eoiued & had criven noe Crech'lt ever v])on the Bookes formerly 
of" his \v''' siimc I charg'd liim \v"' c^' he to gett it of his depntys 
w°'' I suj)j)()se lie has ere this. 

24'!' July 1()0.'>. I receiiied y'" I^opps as p ]Margent by 
M!" Allen t^' aeeording to y' Lopps Comands therein haue 
sliewnc him all tiic hindnesse possibly I eonld, he's a very 
good Condicond yonng man, cV: In time may done well as to 
the vnd''standing our Comodity tt manner of dealing in these 
})arts of the world, w"'' att This time I confesse can gine little 
encouragem' to any, I reeeiu'd the Mault & flower from 
Groome & humbly & returne y!" Ijopp many Thanks for them 
t^' f )r the news books w"** are a great divertisment to vs here, 
1 haue acquainted my Couzen AV" Cahiert about that buis- 
nesse betwixt him & my vncle, & shall endeauour what I can 
for the best. 

26"' July 1663. This I reeeiu'd by the hands of df Hum- 
berstone & in Obedience to y!" Lo^^^ Coinands reeeiu'd him into 
my house whilst he stay'd here, but I cannot find him to be 
the person capable of performing those things y'" Lopp was in- 
formal of him he's an Indiifrent good Chirurgeon &^ as in- 
dift'rent in his religion, he past here for an Athest, & I think 
him little better, some call'd him the Heathen doctor ct I pre- 
sume none could call him a miss, but I was Civill to him in 
regard it was y"" Lopps [)leasui'e & Comands to me. I shall 
speake to Augustine as yf Lopp formerly writt about a par- 
ticular Mapp for S' Johns & West St :\Larys, Mr White has 
done some thing as to the House & Orchard of JS' Johns w'^'' I 
presume he'll send y!' Loj)p this shi])ping. 

;Vl August 1663. I reeeiu'd this letter iSc a letter from 
yf Lopp for Ooir Fontcle Roy «Sz a warrant for him, both 
w"'' r carried w"* me to Virginia, but afore I could gett it sent 



23: 



to liim he was dead, soe that I haiie tlie warrant c\: shall 
kccpe it vntill yl' Lopp shall further direct in't, I returne 
yr L()p[) many thanks for tiie moneys payd to M!" Fitzherbert 
in Enoland w''*' I ohargd vpon yf I^opp. 

14'.'' .Vugust 1()03. In answer to wliat yl' Lopp was 
pleas'd to write in this letter I shall now cndcanour to satisfie 
as to euery ])artieular the best I can ; In that letter I 
reeeiued seuerall papers from y"" Lopp (S: a note of the prizes 
of such things sent in Capt Tnlly. The Things theraselfes 
I reeeiued & a Man seruant, the other that was to haue come 
being putt a shoare att Plimouth, I had alsoe by that vessell 
Copys of y'' Lopps Comission & Instructions to Capt Swanley 
Gone'" of Xewfounland, all w""" I shall peruse & returne an 
answer as soone as I can for y' Lopps satisfaction ; The bus- 
ness Av"'' the slones Complain's & writt about is by me accom- 
odated betwext them ct the Chancellf he paying the Arrears 
of Rent due from them, & he to haue what was in his hands 
of shares, by w''*' meanes he came to gett 10 or 12"" by the l)ar- 
gaine & gave discharges to each other afore me, & soe that 
that diiferenee w'as ended ; the arreares of Rent comes to 38 
odd ])()unds w"'' I am to charge to the Chancell'.'' acc(>m})t this 
yeare, towards paym* of his Thirds as Sallary from yf Lopp : 
The Proclamacon w".** yf Lojip A\as pleasd to mention was 
issued forth by me & the Rest of the Councell concerning the 
taking of Hydes for Rent, nothing as yett is done in't, in re- 
gard Mr Jackson could not give that security to me w"'' in 
Reason I ought to haue demanded of him for the securing 
y' Ijopp of yl" Rents & besides one reason w""* made me doe 
nothing in't was because the Councell had nothing to doe w"' 
things of that nature w'"' afterwards I reflected <tn tliough at 
the Issuing forth of that Proclamaco I was surpriz'd but it 
signified nothing ; Though many times when I have s])oken 



238 



by the by to the Cliaiicell'" uf the difficulty J had iu getting 
the Rents cleare euerv yeare, he has often press't me to aduise 
w"' the Conneell w''' it, but I haue imide liini still this answer 
that 1 eouceiu'd it not a buisnesse properly belonging to 
thi-ni, but that I should vse what means w"" his aduise I 
thought best, w''^ since I haue vnd"'stood he has informd the 
( oiuicell as he has of many other things w*"'' iu priuate I have 
discours't av* him : I haue endeavour'd to assist M'' Jackson 
"wiiat I can in letting him a spott <jf ground hard by me for 
his Tann Fatts & lent him a House to putt his Bark in euer 
since he came, but I find the Countrey are not soe ready to 
encoin-age him as I thought they would in regard they see noe 
great effects of his coming in ; The reason I did nott last 
yeare send y'' Lopp an accompt of the Things sent that yeare 
& that I did nott answer the letters of that yeare was because 
Spenser Mas gone sooner then 1 heard he was to goe, but I 
sent by the way of Ne^v England but cannot vrid'stand that y"" 
J A)])]) rcceiv(Hl the letters. The Things that yf Lopp sent this 
yeare 1 shall now giue an accompt to euerv particular 
as I receiud them ; The Warrant w*'' y!" Lopp mentions 
]\Ir Lewger has for me as Rcceiuer came to me, e^^ I haue 
giuen Capt Tully lO"" to pay him it being for the first 
paym! tt shall not fade to pay as much yearely till 7 yeares be 
expired as long as I continue Rcceiuer; I haue spoke to the 
( 'hancell'' concerning what lie writt to y'' Lopp of a promisse I 
made to Patrick Powest of the land att Pork Hall neck, w^'' I 
wonder extreamly att, when he knows, 1 neuer did nor could 
I if I would, iS: to left y"" Lopp see he has done me a great 
deale of wrong iu't, the busnesse was this, he himselfe came to 
me A: sj.oake in this fellows behalfe to me for that land, To 
w".'' I answered him : S' you know it lyes not in my power to 
disjiose of any lands Escheated to his Lopp w"' out particular 



239 

Ord"' for't, & as yctt F 1uuk> none the second time he came 
againe, & I made him the very same answer as afore I had 
done, but Patrick as he says presst him .soe much that lie came 
the Third time w"' him at ^y''' I was a little troubled (S: desird 
the Chancell!' he would satisfie him, but nothing would serue 
it seemes ynlesse I gaye the fellow an answer & ypon that I 
^vent out of my parlor to the fellow, & the same buisnesse was 
mou'd by the fellow, & the same answer I gaue him as I had 
to the Chan!" then Patrick desir'd me to write to \': Lopj) to 
procure it him, I then demanded of the Chancell'' whither 
himselfe iS: Dick Willan whoe was then lining were willing 
to't in regard I knew both theire stocks of Cattle <Sz hou's ran 
in that neck, the ChancelP made me answer he was ycrv \\ ill- 
ing & more over did assure me of M"" AVillan Willingnesse 
to't to w"'' I reply'd if it be true as y" are pleas'd to say I'll 
write to his Lopp al)out it, but w"' in a Day or two after I 
pass't by M!' Willans House & mett w"' him whoe desir'd to 
know of me whether Patrick had obtained a grant of Pork 
hall neck, <Sz vpon that I acquainted him w"' Avhat I have here 
related to y'' Lopp, wherevpon he made me answer thai 
if any body did seate that land it would mine him in his 
stock, I iiuediatly went to the Chan'l'' & s(>nt for Patrick to 
come thither to me & told them both what ]\P AVillan 
had said, to w''' the Chancell'" told me prinatly that Willan 
was a strange man, but My lord the reason of that was there 
had beene some little difference lietwixt my Vncle <k him 
about some Corne AVillan had left him cV: could not jjett it 
againe, I told Patrick I would do(> nothing that should mine 
a perscm that had beene soe faithfull as dick Willan had 
beene to y!" Lopp well tlicn s'' the ( 'han'" doc not S'' at least 
hinder him by writing to y'" L"il'', I assurd him 1 would 
neither write for the one oi- the other t^"^ this is the l)uisnesse 



240 

in short w"'' T liiimbly loave to yf Lopp to iudge whether 
Thi.s were a proinisse I eould aequaint yl" Lopp w"' many 
other Triuiall Things ^^•''' he has reported of me but are nott 
worth troubling yf Lopp w"' all att p'sent. I give y' Lopp 
many Thanks for the Things sent by C'apt. Tully, I receiued 
them all tV: the Inuoyce and as they were sett downe both in 
tliat & the Bills of lading I shall be very earefull as well of 
what v' Lopp has last sent me as likewise of the things I had 
afore: The reason I haue nott giuen yf Lopp soe large 
an aeeom})t of euery particular from time to time was for 
want of a ( lerk I haue now hired one for a time, & shall for 
the future giue y' Lopp better satisfaction ; but for sending 
the Escheats, Michas I receiue the Rents I will if possible 
I ame able & can gett my Bookes in time enough ; If I had 
nothing else to doe but to goe to the Respective sheriff 
of euery County for theire senerall books I'ts very possible 
I mought do't, but hauing continually more buisnesse then I 
can well runn Thorough, I must neglect one thing or other if 
I sliould stir soe much from home I did desire as y' Lopp 
writes to haue some frieght taking last yeare in England, but 
fearing aftenvards If I should not compleat ray freight, 
I should be protested against, I cjhose rather to lett it alone & 
that was the reason I did not send word as I writt I would 
otherwise have done. I haue acquainted the Secretar\- that 
the ChancelP had writt yl" Lop]) woi-d of some indiscreet t^^ 
vuhandsome speeches he should vtter <^" that the Chancell'" had 
informd y"" Tiopp he had acquainted me av"' it, but I assure 
yf Lopj) I can't remenib'' that ever I heard any word or tittle 
oft afore I read y'' Lopps letter for if I had I should have 
hardly past it in silence soe I iiiiediatly went to the Chancell' 
to know of him wlioe Those persons were that would be JM'" 
Sewalls accusers he told me M' Coursey was the ])crson, 



241 



where vpon I sumonds him to 8* Marys <S: made knowne tlie 
businesse to him to w'''' he made answer that he had heard 
seuerell things come from the Secretary, T desird that lie 
would give me vnd"^ his hand Avhat he had to say & lay to his 
charge w'^^ I heare send to y'' I^opps being able to say little 
to't my selfe the one declaring vpon Oath & the Other posi- 
tiuely denying vpon Oath. M!" Ooursey moreouer told me 
that others had heard as much as himselfe, I demanded whoe 
those were & he told me the Chanceir' had heard the same & 
to the same effect as what he could say, whervpon I spoake to 
the Chancellf whoe told me likewise that he had att an other 
time heard to the same purpose as M!" Coursey, & I desir'd he 
Mould alsoe give it me vnd"" his hand & vpon Oath w"*" he has 
done, both w'''' I }>resent to y" Lopp to iudge of, Now May it 
Please y!" Lopp this I can say that neither the Chancel 1'" nor 
the other Can endure the Secretary & haue endeauour'd what 
they can to doe him vnkindnesse as y"" Lopp may plainly see 
by the Journalls of the last Assembly, & I know they haue 
attempted to do him what mischief they Could to the people 
by disparagin him w'^'' I thought was not handsome he being 
your Lopps Officer & Third person in Employmt ; when 
I first spoake w"' the Chancel P to know whoe those Averc that 
accusd the Secretary he told me onely JM"" Course & yett since 
that it seemes he says he heard as much, they are vpon theire 
Oaths & therefore shall not presume to speake more in't if it 
be true I wonder att M!' Sewall for being soe indiscreet, for in 
his actions euer since he has beene y"^ Lopps Officer he has 
giuen sufficient testimonv of his readinesse both to serue v"" 
Lopps & the Countrey & 1 could wish I had cause to say as 
much as of the rest of y^ Ijopps Officers whoe pretend more 
but theire actions doe not suit accordingly. The Secretary does 
intend for England in Cooke & of him y"" Lo])p may be 

31 



242 



fm'tluT satisfied, both as to his ownc ])ai'ticuler S: the humors 
& dispositions of otlier persons here in Office & of theire 
C^arriao-c in y' Lo]i])s affaires here, y^ I^opp may confide in 
him for tlie naked truth of Things here tfe I d(>ul)t but when 
I may see y'' Lopp to Confirme what lie may relate — I liaue 
reced : An Act of Parliam* & shall be very diligent in 
Obseruing it, but I haue desir'd the Secretary to know of y'' 
iiop])s what's is meant by searching vessells for Forraign 
goods whether wee must strictly looke into euery particuler 
Cargo The INIerchant <S: IMast'^ brings in if soe it will be an 
Endlesse trouble both to the Officers & Mast" & Owners of 
such goods, wherefore I shall earnestly entreat y". Lopp to sat- 
isfie vs in that, least wee runn ourselues into some inconuen- 
ience by being to Officious in our places, if y'' Lopp can by 
the first Ship that comes for these parts — Ml" Willan is 
dead but I ac(|uainted his wife about that w"'' y'" Lopp writt 
concerning a release he had sent for England A: what shee Avill 
doc in't 1 can't tell as yctt ; AVhereas The ChancelP writt to 
y' Lopp that he might leaue The Great Scale w"" me Avhen his 
Occations call'd him vp the Bay to his Plantations, he has 
since desir'd me to write to your Lo])p that he may be (lis- 
iniss't from his iniployint, for that as he say's he is not able to 
lookc after y' Lopps buisnesse and his owne. The Secretary 
i-an giue y' Lopp the seuerall reasons why he has desir'd that 
soe much, if he were dismist I am certaine I ct)uld not have 
more buisnesse then now I have v})ou me, y' Lopj) does give 
a Sallary to a person to beare the name of an Officer but does 
little i^: what help & ])rofitt it brings to y*" Lopp I doe not 
conceiue, he has been absent these two Courts S: is like to be 
the next tV: vnlesse T be at home noe Courts can be held. The 
Mattons banc not as yett spoaken any thing of the land 
<»r Clio])tico as I haue s'' afoi'c, but as to wiiat doctoi' Barber 



243 



writt y"" Lopp word that I told liim 1 liad a clu'ck iVoiu 
y"; Lopp for signing his Pattcnt for liis 1300 acres w"^ he has 
thtMV I did say as inucli to him l)ut forgott to write y' Lopp 
an answer then of what I iuid done in't, I had y' Lopps let- 
ter to tlie Chan'' lor what I did, & I told him y' Lopp did 
wonder how he came to hane any hmd there, & that if I had 
not already pass't the Pattent I would hane held my hand, 
this 1 tokl him wherevpon he p'"sently gave out I would take 
his land from him tt seuerall f)ther vnhandsome speeches as 
he is indiscreet enough to say any thing att his pleasure — 1 
hane accpiainted the Chancell' >\""' what he had informd y' 
Lopp that I did not from time to time comunicatt y'' Lopps 
Instructions to him to w '''' he answerd me little, I desir'd him 
to lett me know what it was I had ever kept from him that 
concernd him selfe or the Countrey, he was pleas'd to giue 
me noe answer, though 1 can iustly complaine of his being 
backward in assisting & informing me of the Iniisnesse of the 
Countrey, but I shall presume to say noe more att p'sent of this 
vntill I shall hane a fitter opportunity. 1 inform'd Mf Nut- 
tall of what y"" I^opp writt concerning my vsing of him friendly 
as y'' Lopj) comanded w''*' I shall vpon all occations doe for 
he deserues it & I doubt not but that he will prone very faith- 
full to the Interest of Maryland. The Rnnlett of Tobacco w"^ 
('apt Cook carried ouer last yeare to y'' I^opp was p''sented as 
a token from M' Preston the Great Quaker that was, when I 
spoak to him for a 100"' one lor to send to y'" Lopp he was 
resolu'd to present it him selfe & caused it to be putt 
on board Capt Cooke & I kne^v nothing oft till Cook was sett 
saile out of the Riuer, I doe intend to send a smal runlett by 
My Sewall of the same persons Tobacco, i»ut 1 teare not soe 
good as the last 1 am very sorr}' that 1 am disapointed 
in encry Thing, that T haue nothing worth j>'seiiting y"" Loj^p 



244 



this ycaiv, 1 hope herouf'ter to gett dried peaches good stoare 
to send next yeare hauing one now that can doe them. 

6"" Sep. 10(jo. Your lopps bearing date as p Margent I 
receiu'd tt the seueral Bills of lading & inuoyce & other 
papers being dnj)licats of those I had receiu'd by Tully, & att 
the same time my Cozen A\^'"^ sister arriued here & is now att 
my house, & has the care of my houshold affaires, as yett noe 
good Match does p^sent, but I hope in a short time she may 
find one to her owne content & y°5 Lopps desire, I shall 
furtlier Avliat I can towards it, I haue acquainted her Brother 
Avhat y'" Lopp does expect he should doe for her, but in case 
he does not, or be not in a Condicon to doe much I shall take 
care she shall not want as long as she remains w**" me. There 
came w"' her tw^o maids one to -wait vpon her & the other to 
my selfe, I rceeiued likwise a light suiiier druggat suit 
a pe\vter still 2 Copper stew panns & in them 20* of yellow 
wax, I alsoe had av"' them other papers relating to former 
Accompts betwixt y'' Lo])p & the Chaneellf the w''*' I shall 
carefully peruse. We can lieare nothing as yett of the 
Comiss? w'^'' y"" Lopp Avritt ^vere going for New England ; — 
The Carpenter w*''' y'' Lopp agreed w'? Gilbert Mettcalfe for 
30"" is now w'.'' me I spoak av"' Ednumd Berkley in Virginia 
about him, but it was att least two month ere I had him after- 
wards, & when M"" Berkley came for his 30"*, by Chance the 
fellow askt me wluit time Berkley had sold him to me, I told 
him for 3 yeares & as much as was then to Aprill, to w"'' the 
fellow replyed S"" he misinformd y" for I haue but tAvo yeares 
& as nuich as to next Aprill, I then demanded whether he 
had ail Indcntin- A: he prodnc't me tme, & by that he had I)ut 
two yeares more to serue, M"" Berkley was a little aiuaz'd att 
first att it (Si eoidd not tell well what to say, but ypon long 
examining The Lidenturs & debating the whole buisnesse, I 



245 



was resolu'd at last not pay for 3 yeares scriiice when I saw he 
could not assure me oft in regard the Indeuture appear'd to 
me a good & firm obligacon, & I veryly belecue it is ; & some 
Trick of Berkleys, for as I since came to vnderstand lie en- 
deauourd to gett this Indenture of the Carpen'' but could not, 
& soc thought to haue had his Bills for 30"" afore I should 
haue kno\\ne any thing att all of it att last wee agreed for 
20* for 2 yeares seruice, in regard I had much employ m* for 
a Carpen" & hauing relyed vpon him for this fellow ; had putt 
of others & was then seating a plantacon at W S' Mary's. I 
gaue him Bills for 20'* for 2 yeares seruice & I am to deliuer 
him att the end of the time he has to serue me to Berkley 
whoe Avill endeauour to make the poore fellow serue a other 
yeare if he can, I suppose he can not for its as good an In- 
denture as I see are made, The Carp" is a good workman & 
vnd'^stands a mill very well ibr ^v""" I Chiefly bought him, & 
I liope to gett my mill finisht ere his time be out w"' me, I 
haue askt the Chancell'" of the fewness of the Port dutys for 
Catches tt other vessells from London, to w"*" he answered y'' 
Lopp as he says that many of those Catches Avent a ^\■ay 
M'"" out paying port dutys w"*" I wonder att very much, & for 
the London Ships he says there were not more than A\hat he 
mentiond (viz) 8 or 9 ; I receiued two letters from the 
Coniiss''.' of the Custome house of London about the Act for 
Trade & nauigacon, w"*" I shall answer by these shipps, ct send 
Copys of This yeares bonds to yf Lopp & not to them, I hum- 
bly giue y^ Lo})}) many Thauks for the Garden seeds I 
receiu'd This yeare, 1 shall for the future scud y"" I^opp a par- 
ticular of all such things as I want, ct would not that y"' 
Lopp should be att soe great a charge for many Things w'='' I 
haue receiud This yeare, for I haue bad Tobaccos enough here 
w"'' will buy manv things w"" wlien it is not worth sending 



246 



liuiiic, cV fur y' L(»|)j) t(» l)iiy j^oc iiuiiiy tliin<is in Kngland 1 
:un sciu'ihle costs a great doalc of moiu-vs w*"'' I would not by 
any means y'' Lopj) should doe, \idess it l)e for siidi tliint»s as 
I send for, iS: then I will take care to send where with all to 
pi'oenre them. As for settino- vp a farnie for English (iraine, 
I hane this yeare made a good stcpp towards it, by sowing lo 
or K; l)iishells of w heate And 10 or 12 bnshells of Oats, 7 
bnshells of |K'ase <S or 9 l>iishells of Barley, c\i: if the yeare 
jH'one seasonable I donbt not bnt to hane 300 iiuiidred bnsh- 
ells of wheat enerease for last yeare in a spott of gronnd of 2 
acres cV: a lialfe 1 had al)oue 40 bnshells of wheat a 12 bnshells 
of Oats c\: S or 9 bnshells of pease, ct the straw of that pre- 
sei-nd my yonng (,*attle in the hard wether & kept me 4 horses 
constantly in the stables in very good hart, when other horses 
wen? hardly able to doe any sernice ; The Flax & Heni]i w'''' y'" 
Loj)|) sent me was sowd & beginns now to come vp, for w''' I re- 
turne y!' Lopp many hnmblc Thanks, I recein'd likewise papers 
relating to the Chaueell'!' Aecompts, w"'' I will pernse & know 
his answer ; The Warrant for a Thousand acres for Bishop 
Iviissell I reeeind in 1662 ct the Chan*" was then very earnest 
to see it layd out, l)eingfor his ( )1(1 ac(|naintance w''' made me 
doe nothing iii't, bnt I humbly beg y' Lopps pardon I re- 
tni-n'd noe answer to't, bnt I shall now take effeetnall course 
to see it done & to that end hane already giuen Ord"" to the 
Siiniey' to lay it out c\: the Pattent shall be sent him. The 
yeare has beene see bad for enery thing that I shall be forc't 
to disa[)oiiit y' Lopp of meat & other things y!' Lopp writt 
for, Mr Sewall can inform y!" Lopj) being somewhat sencible 
of the dilficidty in getting meate Sz Oorne ; c^' it has beene 
nuich worse w"' me in regard of my being long absent from 
my liimily when I was sick in \'irginia, 1 hane Thirty to 
prouidc victualls fbr, w"^ does pntt me to some care ct trouble 



247 



besides the expence w°'' is tlie least, — 1 haue laboiir'd wliat I 
can to procure }'"■ Lopji some birds & dee re but neither To- 
baccos nor moneys will tempt any person to gett me any this 
yeare, nntAv"'standinu- I haue proter'd oreat rates, your lopp 
was pleasd to write that some had inform 'd that wee had 
water Pheasants but as yett I can heare of none that euer saw 
any, & for our sort of hawks I neuer thought them worth 
sending- otherwise I had sent long since some, tlie next yeare 
I sliall ))(' al)le to procure some to send. I returne your Lopp 
many Thanks for the Books I receiud by Story ct the note of 
particulars, I had one Man Seruant named Thomas ^'enaubles 
a good diligent fellow S: I shall vse him well vpon y'" I^opps 
Cbinands ; — I ac(|uainted doctor Barber of what y!' Lopp writt 
me concerning him ; — I receiud y!" Lopps letter of the S"' of 
Sept : & Avonder very nuich that some should inform my 
Cousen AV" C'aluerts sister, that I had noe kindnesse for her, 
when I can safely say I neuer had any such thoughts tt can 
say as much for Her Brother, I hope my Carriage to her A: 
the Care I shall take to see her want for nothing will giue her 
reason to think better on me, The ^laid that came w"' her 
Avaits A'pon her & shall remaine av"' her according to y!' Lojips 
Comands — I shall pay vuto M!" Fitzwilliams whoe is come in 
M!" Fitzherberts place (J barrells of Corne & likewise giue 
him all the encouragm' fitting ; I Avonder A'cry much att 
Ml" Fitzherberts discourses Concerning Maryland c^' our man- 
nei" (A' lining here, when he of all men neuer had the least 
(K'cation to abuse the Countrey tV: his friends soe, as for what 
he writt y'' Lo])p (»f my being in danger of staruing I think 
my Table neuer gaue him cause to complaine of vs though 
I coiifesse he had good things S: would as plentifidly take 
oi' anv li<|Uour of w'''' he liad enough in my house <\: more 
then I thougiit fitting ibr a person of his coat to take 



248 



sometimes, — I receined by This ship Copys of your h^pps 
letters to the Chanf & his lady w"*" I hauc perus'd <S: shall 
kee])c them to iny self'c tV: carefully obey yl" Lopps Coiiiands 
in all things, I doul)t not but that my Carriage to them 
since my coming into These })arts has giuen sufficient testi- 
mony of my respect to them vpon all occations, y'" Lopp 
of the 28'? of Octo!^ I receiued by Capt Miles Cook t^^ dupli- 
cats & second Bills of lading for tlie things sent by Capt 
Tully, T likewise receiued papers about that busnesse of 
Tull\s being stop't att Plimoth ; I had alsoe by this The Mill 
stones Brass & Iron worke for w*'^ I humbly returne y" Lopp 
many Thanks, it since y" Lopp has beene pleasd to be Att 
The Charge y!" selfe, I will now build her vpon my owne Ac- 
compt & keepe her to my selfe, Mf White being a person as I 
find not iitt for tiie encountring the troul)le tt difficultys peo- 
ple haue to bring any thing to effi?ct in This Countrey, he has 
beene euer since his arriuall in This Prouince w"" me tfe I haue 
giuen him his diett Thinking he mought haue beene of vse to 
me, but as yett not much, the life he leads here does not 
seeme to please him soe much as that he lead in Italy M' 
Sewall will inform y" Lopp more of him t'c other persons, — 
I receiued likewise halfe a Bushell of Garden Beanes a p!" of 
Garden sheeres (Si harnesse for Three plough horses, (Sz other 
necessarys for a plough. I alsoe had 2 hdds of mault of 
Capt: Codkc but had not occation for any more navies then 
what y' Loj)p was jileasd to send me w"'' I likewise had, 
& returne many humble Thanks for them. That buis- 
nesse w"'' the Secretary Avritt to y"" Lopj) about concern- 
ing the setting vp of a Saw Mill vpon an Island on the 
Easterne shoare as yet nothing is done in't ct I beleeve it 
will be noe more thought on for my owne particular 
I am not in a Condin)n as yet to venture vpon such 



249 



a oluirgciible (lesi*>;ne as a Saw Mill will ho af'oro it yields 
any profitt, perhapps I may putt 4 or 5 Saw.s into my 
Water mill if I can doe it w'*'' little more Charge w"''' I am 
Credibly intbrmd I may, I siiall the pent yeare acquaint y"' 
Lopp how I proceed in't, — Wee heare nothing as yett of the 
Pattent w"*" some Bristoll Merchants has of that neck of land 
betwixt Rapa & Patow^meck but its say'd when all ships are 
gone it will l)e produc't, & the reason I heare of this is that 
noc news shall be carried home this yeare how the people 
relish tlieire New Gouern? but will leave it till the next & by 
that time its liop't they may be quiett & well satisfied w"' it. 
T liaue endeauourd to see if I could find as many responsable 
men that w^ould engage to take a lOO or 200 neigros euery 
yeare from the Royall Company at that rate mentiond in 
y!" Lopps letter but I find wee are nott men of estates good 
enough to vndertake such a buisnesse, but could wish wee 
were for wee are naturally inclin'd to loue neigros if our j)urses 
would endure it ; — I acquainted M!' Fitzw^illiams of his 
abrui)t parting att London w"' out takeing leaue of y" Lopp 
w''"' he does acknowledge & asks y"" Lopps pardon for't he will 
I suppose write as much by this ship : — By This ship I re- 
ceiued one Warner a Miller & his wife she being since dead a 
little after she came a shoare was brought to bed & the Child 
died alsoe ; I shall pimtually obey y*" Lopps Comands as to 
him, I rccciued likewise drawne in the belialfe of Capt 
Tilghman, but that busness was taken vp by me & the Rest of 
the Councell by reason he had askt pardon & was sorry for 
what he had sayd, — I have sent y!" Loj)})s letter to 
Coll"" Smitli with in one from my selfe, I shall desire 
yy Lopp will take notice to him c\: her the next shipping of 
the fauours J receiu'd from them in my time of sieknesse, I 
was sick att theire house 6 weekes & she took very great care 

32 



250 



of nic I sliiill humbly Desire yf Loj)]! to thank thoin both 
for't ; Tlint w''"' Capt Cook spoak to y' Ijopi^ eonceminj^ his 
Adniiralship part of the Vosscll of the S' George of Bantry I 
haue ondeauonrd to gett it f()r liim of the Cliaiurell'" wlioe tells 
me 30'*' remaines yett in his hands, av"'' he will pay vnto Cook 
I suppose according to y"^ Lopps Ordf, — The Mill stones w"** 
came in Cook were Blew S: 4 foot <S: 9 Inches tt I had all the 
Brass & Iron work belonging to them. I suppose Capt Cook 
will haiie nothing for the freight for as much as I can 
j)ei'ceiue by him as yett, he has been beholding to me for as 
much as that comes from time to time. He has beene very 
Ciuill to me vpon all occations for w"'' I desire yf Lopp will 
please to tiiank him. The letter w''*' yl" Lopp sent to doctor 
Barber w"' a flying scale I did first read it & deliuerd after- 
wards to him. — I receiued more by Capt Cooke 2 bills for 
Haruesse for .') horses & Iron work for a plough <S: alsoe 
a note of Things sent in a box C : C : N° 1 & a p"^ of (iarden 
sheeres C : C : N? 2 ; I shall not be willing to entertaine Brick- 
makers or Carpenters at the Kate yl" Lopp mentions, for I feare 
it will not tui'ue to Accompt here w"' vs, but humbly 
returne y!" Lo])|) many Thanks, cV: for the News Books & 
other Pa])ers. Now may it please y"" Lopp in answer to what 
y' Loj)p writt about my going for England next shipping 
w'''' I haue an earnest desire to if things be soe settled here 
that I may haue desire to returne l)ack againe by the same 
shijiping — for that as y' lopp writes will be most requisitt for 
both the reasons sett downe by y"" I-<op]), the Charge of such a 
voyage if vndertaken I shall take care to defray w"' what I 
hoj)c to gett here, w°'' is the least difficulty I find, but in whose 
hands to leaue the Gouerm' in vntill I come back is that I am 
att a stand att, for if I should goe from hence in the last shi]i, 
& retunu! in the first as I necessarily must, my stay in Eng- 



251 



land will be hut short in Knij^land, cV: I hauo ^reat cause to 
feare, that I siiall find mueh confusion at my returne, for as 
y'. fjopp ^\as ]>lease to write that it were hest to make my 
Vncle (;iouer^ in my Absence on the side L know it to be very 
necessary tV: a_i>aine am very sensible how much lie has dis- 
gusted all in Gencrall & especially those that haue beene euer 
faithfull to y'" I^opps Interest here & such as haue shewne me 
any thint>' of Kindnesse since my Comino- into this Province. 
He has soe much by Instruemeuts employd by him threatened 
what lie'll doe when the power comes againe into his hands as 
he giues out an other yeare it necessarily must in regard he 
vnd''stands y' Lopp has a desire I should goe for p]ngland, 
next shipping, that the people doe dread nothing more & 
especially sucli as I sayd afore liad beene yl" Lopps friends 
whoe are resolud to lay downe theire Comissions if not sell 
what they haue tt begon the Secretary will satisfie y"" Lopp of 
euery particular cV: what he has endeauourd to doe is to draw 
the Affections of the people from me w"'' 1 dt)e not fear in the 
least, for I haue had as much testimony of theire Kindnesse 
as could be expected by me from them, c'i: especially in my 
time of sicknesse in Virginia as the Secretary can informe 
yf Lopp. This in short is that w"'' to me is the onely difficulty 
w''"' if y!' Lopp can ac^comodate soe that tilings may be settled 
att my returne as now they are, I sliall most Chearefully & 
\v"' a greate deale of desire prepare for my going for England 
next yeare to see y"! Lopp then w"'' nothing can bring soe much 
satisfaction t^- comfort to liini whoe remaines as euer 

Your Lopps Most dutilluU 
A|)ril 27'!' 1004 — Sonne 

I haue sent y^ Lopp Bills Charles ( "alucrt 

of Exchange in this Box 
«.^' haue giuen some papers to 



'SV St'wall to discourso w"" y! Lopp 

about the Alienation office \\°^ the last Assembly 

^aiie to me to offer to yf T^opp as theire huml)le request 

w°'' if «»;ranted by y"" Lopp will soe much gaine them that 

it may brinu" more then doubling the Rents soe would haue 

coiiic to 

1 shall take care of the Seereatys Office vntill M' 

Sew all comes Back or that I heare from y^ Lopp — 



No. 15. 

GOVERNOR CHARLES CALVERT TO CECILIUS, 
LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorseiuent.] 

2G Aprill l<i72 
My son Charles to me 

from Maryland 
Brought by Cap : Ben : Cooper 
reed 12 July 1672 
Inclosed in it 
A coppy of my Comission to 
my son Charles for the Gouernm* 
of Maryland. 

May itt please'yol" Lo^i 

Cap' William AVheatley is now gone, by him I writ to 
y!". Lo'!'' a short T^etter, only to Convey some Bills of Exchange 
the seconds And some others I send herew"" It is now high 
time that \ rcturnc answ' to all yo."" \a)^? Letters by this Last 
Sliij)j)iiigc ; and tiierefore I am now prepareing this against 
Cap' Cooper sailes, who liath giuen mee butt a weekes time ; 



253 



that I may giuo a full answ!" to all yo!" Lo'21.'" \rk. and Eueiy 
perticular Contained in them, I shall now take tliem afore mee 
aecording to their seuerall dates. Yo!^ Lo'lL" of the the third 
of July by (iouldsmith. Gane me to vnderstand that tlie 
Bill for £40 & tlie other for £70.. 15.. O"* were both Complyed 
with, and that all my Letters Came well to yol' LoT hands, 
As alsoe the Act for 2 50 the hh? which I perceiue yofLo^'' 
is Satisfyed with, our Endeauours were not wantinge to haue 
procured itt otherwise, butt Covld not prevaile which I hope 
yo' Lo^'' is Sensible off, I am glad that the Tax vpon Tob- 
ba(!co is not Settled, for I am assured the Comodity will not 
beare that Burden, yol' Lo'.'' INIeutions, that the difference be- 
twixt his Royall Highness, and yo!" Lo!E is not yett deter- 
mined, which wee are very Sorry for, becau.se iff hef/eff.s n hc- 
leefe in Many t/i' ijo": Lo^? will hardlij Recouet- yo": Righf, And 
Causes many fo fake Land aff fhe Hore Keeh from fhe Gouer- 
menf of Xetr Vorlce, Iain (Jayly persiiruJimje d' Iiic()iira;/in</e 
perso}is fo .se(d f/iere in yo"". Lo'''!' Righf, And some are already 
gone, And more I hope ivill Venfure Coll", ffrancis Louelace 
Gouernonr of Xeio Yorke, is Come lafely fo Delairare, (As 
AuijiiKfiiiv irrifes nice word) hid rjjon ivhaf Dc.sigiic is nof yeff 
Knowne, I fear find lie Ldendx fo make a rissiff fo flie jicojj/e <d 
fhe Hore Kee/e, fo Incourage fhem to oppose fhose tSeafed and 
Seffled in Rigid of this province buff of fhis I shall giue 
yo": LoT a furfher acconipf. I sent yo!" Lo^.p all the Affidauits 
I Could gett. In pursuance to vol' Conunands by Morris 
& Cobb fjy irhoiii I Iteceiued L'' fo fhaf purpose when I send 
Bills of Exchange for tiie futuiv, I will take Care tliat Jjcf- 
fers of Aduise goe u-ifJi fhem accordinge to yor LoPP* directions 
I Could not possibly the last Assembly doc any thinge in 
order to vo!" I^o''!'" Command aboiif fhose prcjudifitdl j>rorisocs 
in fhe Act for Siijfjiorf. ^^'cc satt not Long, and the sad news 



254 



dl' 1 )c;ir Sister JslacUstons Death Conieing; then to my liaiul, 
Ma(l<' iiiee proroiii>e them till next October, Ajrainst which 
time I hope wee may haue t'urthei- ( 'oiiuiuuuls. And the 
("ompaiiv of S! Williaiii Talbot, //of Lo''!!:' (Ji-diiKtiicc irill 
inHir jx/ys, And therefore to moue itt to the Assembly, w ill 1 
iear, prejudice our other business, there is nothing more in 
this Lettei- which 1 need giue answ!" to because itt Refers to 
otiiei's Kcceiucd after. Yo!" Lo''"' next Letter is that oi" the 
2i)'.' JuK b\ Miles Cooke which makes Mention of my Sisters 
Sickness, And the great Afflictions yo!" Lo^.'' was in att that 
time, I am glad the Box of Li^ by Cap' Tully Came safe to 
yof Lo'!'' And that yo!' Loi!'' is pleased to Signity you arc sen- 
sible of my Care and Dilligence in yo!" Business here, ^ly 
Lt)rd itt is the greatest Comfort J haue, when yo!" Lo'*? 
Receines Satisfaction in my poore Endeauonrs, which I know 
are butt Dutyes in mee, I shall ncuer bee slacke in the Exe- 
eutinge those Commands yo'" Lo''' shall hnpose vpon mee, nor 
bee \vantinge in my Duty to yo!" Lo''.'' at any time I hope ; I 
most humbly Returne yo!" Lordshipj) thanks, for yo" fauoura- 
ble answer to the humble Request and propossition I made to 
yo!' Lo'!'' in my ownc l)ehalfe ^iii<l shall moxt irilliii(/li/ pcr/omie 
lo flic ( 'li(iiiccllor Chuziii ( '(tircii (tii'l flic li(xf of flic CoKitcill, 
-l-s- i/o'.' Lo'T lieqidns. Ami (il.-<oc iiidkc siijficiciif j}rorissioii 
for flic Mcu/dzhi. Tf yo! Lo'!" Rents will doe the Latter, 
// IS lis iniicli as I hope from fhciii as fhcj/ arc iioir ('iirfailcd ; 
S!" W'!' Talbot (in Case hee Returns to his place againe) will 
(I am Confident) bee very well Satistyed with the perquisitts 
thereof, And will not stand In need of any other Supply, 
yo!" Lo''.P haueinge Coniirmed to him those fees AVhich the 
( 'liaucellor (whilst 1 was in England) Enjoyed; I doe Intend 
to send yo!" Lo''.'' an accompt of the full })rotiitts of his place, 
Receiucd by mcc as his Atturnty, that itt may appear to 



255 



yo'' Lo^F wliotlicr itt bee Wortli his Acceptance or not ; The 
Commission and Instructions for Baker Brooke ^Mentioned in 
this Letter, are C^)me, as I shall here after Signifve, I haue 
accordinge to yo! Ia^E! Commands herein Rcserued all the 
Ijondon vessells dues for you, And doe not Intend to make 
vse of any of them my selfe. Butt to take my Dues from 
others, whose bills may not bee soe Convenient for yol" Lo''''. 

/>// )ni/ Accoiiij)f ir/iic/i I s/kiU nend in (hj/. ('oii(fir(/i/ <ni(l 
(rroome, It will appear to yol' Lo'i' that I haue been Carefull 
of yo!" Commands & Instructitms herein, / iri// aJmc Refitrne 
ifo'.' Lo^''' accoiiijtf of all the Jfiiics Jforfeitnres and Eschcdted 
JjUikIs that I kiioir of I hope yo"" Lopp. will thinke fitt, to send 
mee or some other a jjoircr ahoiif the Srdes of Escheated Lands 
bi/ the first opertiiniticx And I shall hi/ Vonaway & (jfoonie 
send yo'' Lo^f' a List of snc/i Tracts [As L am Lifonned of) 
And the Qnantitij ^^^nalifi/, full raleir, d: worth of Lucri/ one 
of tlicm, I will take Care that the patents for I^ands bee 
drawne as formerly, Notwithstanding our late provisoe in 
that Act for Support, And when vol" Lo'? does send mee an}' 
power & Commission for the Sellinge any of those Escheated 
Lands (I shall giue accom]>t of by this Shippinge) Care shall 
bee taken that 4^** bee Reserued for Euery hundred Acres, I 
am sorry to vnderstand by this Letter that vol" Lo^I' Diiference 
with his Highness is not yett at an End, Wee here Suppose 
the Reason of itt may bee, that the Duke Intends to make (ni 
LJ.rch(in(/c iritli ( 'ortirrif/ld and to Ljctt liiiii haue Dehiirore and 
the dejtendenet/es thereon, for tJiat part of the Bay Granted lo 
the said ( \irtn-ri</]d, And ('oil'.' Loiiehiee, Being lately Come to 
I)el<iir<iy (^/x / Menfio)ied hefore) If is heleened hee is non- 
Come to (fine ( '(irtirri;/lit possession, l^utt itt may bee the delav 
proceeds from Xicholls, for the Reasons sett downe by yo' 
Tjo^.'' Li the mcane time I will doe mv vttmost to uett vol" J io''!." 



256 



\Vvj:h\ owned, hv some from oiii- parts. / /iftur saflsfycd mi/ 
nir/c {touch i)if/<' i/o': Lo'T fano"!' f" /"'"O '''.'/ (Icfincriiif/ vp his 
Hi// for £loO Sfer/inf/, and a in rcrj/ ire// (hiifciif to fa/ic iff (is 
i/o' Ijo'f (loth SIrpiifi/ I slid//, /inin/)/// I'cfiiriiin;/ j/o'.' Lo'''' fhankes 
I Mill ulad Tully paid yo'' Lo^^"' his liill for £12.. S' sterling, 
1 was almost afraido of him here, but that I Could not find 
aiiotlicr Chapman for the Tobaccoes Litt/c V in presents his 
/niiii/)/c Ditfji to yo!" Lo^I and \v, glad his Letter Came safe, hee 
Intends \()'' Lo''' an othei' ])y tlie last Shipp, hoc would 
willingly Carry one himsclfe, for hee often Inquires when 
ttathcn* tV: mother will goe to Lord againe (^ip'. Mi/cs (hake is 
discharged from his Last Business dopendinge in our (hurt 
n/xHif /lis N^essell, And I ordered him to Aquaint yo"" I^op^ 
with itt, As done by yo!^ Lo'T' Commands to mee, I lieee'd 
yo' Lo''.'"* of tlie :^()* of July in fauour of J/" Boncf/iton And 
the Xoate of pertieulars of what is due to her, The w'^'' T will 
not faile to send by Cap' Conaway, And Consigne itt to her, 
with Directions to (Zap! ( onaway to Flnquire of Ml" Burke 
where to find her, tor 1 will Shipj) the Tobaccoes on bord his 
Shipp for her viz' £12000 Tob") yo!" Lordshipps of the first of 
August was writt all by yo!" Ii(>''J!' owne hand And Mentions 
the Conninission tV: Instruct ions for the Surveyer (Jenerall, 
And :i bond to bee signed by him before the deliuery of the 
said ( 'ominission, which I obseruixl as yo"" J^o'i;' directed And 
shall send the Bond herewith tor M!' John Langfiu'd's Truly 
as yett hee hath gott Little, And if hee pay ten pound this 
yeare, hee has only a Commission for itt, hee will take Care 
that the Moneyes shall bee sent. And Mr Pladwells fee of 
20"", r Receiued herewith M' Ijanghorns obseruattions vpon 
onr .lournalls And Acts, which I will make vse of hereafter, 
I sli:dl take noe notice of what yo"" Lo''^ writes touchinge 
M' Langhornes o])inioii of the ppetuity of that Act, But wi// 



257 



Eiideaiioar fo (jcif fJtai Acf for Quieffhn/ y;oN.sr.s',s'/o».s-. As itt 
i« now drawno, to boo past In Loiuc of the otlier, And if I 
Cannot gott tliose pcrnitious provisoes strncke out of the Act 
for Support, I vill .see what Can bee effected, by jwopoxeinge this 
other Act of a GeneraJl jMirdoii, what vol" LoL'' writes in this 
I^ettcr touchinge the Third Act sent herewith, is Contradicted 
I thinke by an other Letter which I shall Come to by & by — 
I inserted Dates to my Cousin Brookes Bond to John Lang- 
ford And haue Accpiainted M?' Warren and M5 tfoster of 
Ml' Symons Death & M^ Graves Succeedinge him, And tliat 
they may hope for a Sup])Iy of theirs — vol" Lo'Z'' of the 21" 
Auti;ust makes mention of S!' W" Talbots Ariuall And of the 
good accompt hee giues of INIaryland & friends here I pray 
god hee likes the Country and Intertainement soe well, As to 
Returne to vs againe, I hope there is noe great Danger that 
his vncle Dicke will hinder itt, Since itt seemes hee talkes of 
being an Instrument to perswade him backe, I shall make itt 
appear by an Accompt yo!" LopJ? shall haue herewith that the 
Secretaries place is worth vpwards of ifbur liuiidrcd pounds a 
year. It is possible \\\wn Tobaccoes is Low soe nuich is not 
to bee gotten, Butt alloweinge a ])eny ])d for Tobacco \\'hicli 
wee hope to haue againe, the profitts and perquissits of that 
place will amount to near what I haue writt ; / ?r/// Oiuxe 
('((J)' John Tiillji fo iiKihc sdtisftrfioii for the ."> hh? of Tobac- 
coes which hee fell sliort of to yo! Lo'? I am Certainc hee or 
the liusband of the Shij)p Dandy hath Cheated yo' L"'''' of 
them, tfor the Shcrrifes accompt makes itt out Seauenteen 
hogsheads. And itt will bee made out l)y Scuerall Oathcs that 
Tullyes Matf Receiued soe many l)y ord!' I humbly begg 
yor Ijo^T j)ardon for not sendingc that Bill of Mine for 
£().. 18.. 10'' Which I sett downe in that short Accompt 
I sent by Sr William, The which I thought I had <ha\\ nc <t 

33 



2o8 



Sent, I lind M' Rui-kc li:is hrouti'lit soc niuoli to my accompt, 
And jniid itt to yo' Lo'l' lioroaftor I will bee more Carcfiill and 
not disapoint yo!" Lo'!'', I find tiiat yo!^ Lol'' was forced to 
vndertake that I slionld allow of the money's taken ont 
of yV Ilintons hands, for the Bnyinuc tliose nessesaries I sent 
for. I Confess itt was a Mistake in mee for I look't vpon 
tliat money of mine in Hintons hands to bee in M^ Ar- 
thurs hands beeanse hee has Hintons Bond to mee for itt, 
Butt I should haue been more Cleere in itt, whieli here- 
aftei' I will bee punctuall in, humbly gineing vol' IjO^ 
Thankes f»r the trouble itt gane yoV I shall obserue your 
Lo'!L' Commands about forfeited & Escheated Lands, And 
my INIaunor at the Ividge, I am now Come to that place 
w''!' Contradickes yo"" ho^L^ former Commands touchinge the 
Act for Quakers, W hich I will obserue I haue seen M"; 
Bennett Hoskins Speciall grant for 2000 Acres, and It is 
Recorded, yof Lo^'Z^ Directions touchinge such grants shall 
bee Carefully obserued for the future, I am now ('ome to 
yo"^ Lordships of the 2.3". Aug' which I find is in fauour 
of M"^" Anne ffoulke I wish I were able to giue your IjO^I 
such a Satisfactory account in this Business and of her De- 
uiauds and pretenti(tus to those I^ands betwixt her former 
Husband ( 'haiur ct^ oversee, as is required ; If I may (xuesse at 
what slice would pretend to and haue, by what I haue heard 
from her owne JNIouth, It is without doubt all that Moyety 
which was oversees, and by his Death Escheated to yo!' Lo^ 
And ucucr in hci" f)ruu'r husbands possession nor in hers, I 
eiicr tould her that yof Lordshipp would shew her fauour As 
to that Moyety which shee posseses of the 2000 Acres (which 
1 u truth is as nuich Escheated as the other) In case shee would 
petition for itt, lint as yett shee Is too proud to stoope to such 
a rcfpicst Concciueinge a< I su|)pose the whole 2000 acres to 



259 



bee hers & her Childrcns ])r()pper Right, If 1 knew who to 
goe to, be^iids M''.^ tVoukes (who C'annott speake three words of 
sence for her passion which this Business putts her into) 
I wouhl giue u better aecompt, I am Certaine nothingc will 
Satisfye her butt the whole 2000 Acres, But I hope yol" Lop.p 
will neuer thinke fitt to C^omply with her in soe vnreasonable 
a Demand, Shee hath sufficiently bespattered niee and the 
whole Goucrnment as If I had Studied her Kuine, Because 1 
ventured to make a promise of tlie other Moyety of the 2000 
.Veres to one M?" liozer, High Sherrife of Charles C^junty, who 
lines and hath l)uilt vpcm itt, hee being willing to buy the Re- 
version of itt, after the Lease is out for one & Twenty years, 
which was granted of itt to M""' Oversee in Leiu of her Thirds 
to 8' Johns, when I came first into Maryland, which I was 
forced to doe otherwise I Could not haue had S' Johns to my 
selfe but of this I will write to yof Lo!f further when I send 
an acconn)t of the other Escheated Lands, This in short J 
Can Certainely Infornie yol" Lo^ that M? ffi;)ukes is in posses- 
sion and has all along Enjoyed one Moyty, wliich (I hope) 
shee must vnderstand is by yof Lo'lll' fauour, though shee will 
neuer owne itt as such. The other Moyety was neuer In her 
possession nor in her husbands, Butt Knev was in the pos- 
sesion of ()uers(>e, And therefore a Lease thereof was made to 
Mr ^Vlderton now husband to Oversees Aviddow, by him 
Assigned over to one Ednumd I^insey, and by Edmund Lin- 
sey to the ahoue Mention(Hl M"" Rozcr, To whom I iume 
promised to ])rocure a grant of the Reversion, As I shall 
hereafter giue an Aecompt, I will Endeavour to gett those 
papers for yo!" Lo'l' If any such are Extant any where, 
to Cleere tliis Matter Better, I Receiued Irom M'.' Roads 
vo' Loi^''^ Letters of the 30". August and all the things sent in 
tluit shl])j) I (Icliiu^Hul ^f"" Xottly those writtiniios, wliich 



260 



{ ';iiiic w"' this Letter, w itli wliicli hee is much satisfvetl and 
\(i\ jnond of yo?' Lordships boinijo pleased w'?* his accompts 
And the liinmii- sliewen liini in all tiie Lands hee jmrchased 
("roni Mr (ieurgo Tonipson, I su|)pose hee will signifye as 
niiicli by a Letter to yo!' Lo'l' this Shippinge, hee did Aquaint 
nice with his Intention to Recpiest this of" yo!" liO^, Butt 
S' William Tallxitt viidcrtookc to procure the tauour for him 
soe that I thoiitiht itt vnnessesary for me to trouble yo"' Lo'''' 
w"" it, I am sorry I ( 'annott affirme to yo!" Lo^ that I euer 
had any ho])es of our Tin Oare here, for although Cap' Perry 
declared by word of Mouth to mee, As much as any one Man 
Could doe for the Satisfaction of another, and shewed mee his 
Letter to yo!" Lo'lf, which Confirmed as much, yett had not I 
faith to beleeue a word, Only out of Ciuillity to Cap' Perry 
seemed Satisfved, Butt my fancy is that Both Cap' Perry and 
the Chancellor were soe Transported w'."" the designs and 
hopes of itt, that the meere force of their Imagination Led 
them to beekiiue they had found Mettle where neuer any was 
to bee Expected, for to this liower they Could neuer Extract 
any more mettle out of such Oare w".*" now makes mee Con- 
el ii<le w'^ yo'" Lo'^ that it was butt a Cheat in the fellow that 
first putt them vpon itt, Doctor Wharton has taken notice 
that yo!" Lo"!!! honnoured him with a Ir^ this Shippinge, And 
intends to returne thankes hee has not yett gott a Seate 
of Land of his owne, Butt makes vse of a peice of I^and hee 
farmes of AP (xeorge Tompson, hee has past his Seasoninge 
(As wee phrase itt) very well. And T hope will Ineourage 
some of his freinds and Aecpiantance to Come from Barbados 
hither— I find that yo' Lo!! hath been Informed by 
S' W" Tallxitt that liee sould Tobaeeoes at KP the 
UwiuV when 1 gaue yo!" Lo^i' aecompt butt of a i)eny p 
]»ound, fbr yo!" Rents, hee had done well if hee had tould 



261 



yo'' LoH' the whole As hee did in part, It is true hee sould 
to Cap' Daiiiell lenifer some Tobaocoos to fVeiirht a Brig;- 
antine, desitjiied then on a Voyadge to I>arbados, at ton 
shillinges the hundred, Butt the moneyes were not to bee 
paid till this Shippinge for I sent liini home the Bills this 
yeare. And I ((uestion whetlier Baniaby Duneh will pay 
those Bills of Jenifers, S!" William Talbot tbrgott to tell 
yo!" Lo!E that hee sould Tobaecoes to Cap' William Burgess 
for a ])eny j) pound and was glad hee Could gett soe mueh, 
And would haue sould all his fees soe to my Knowledge, The 
Chaneellor is Satisfyed with yo'' Lo'li' Commands about his 
ffees, And will not for the future (I presume) demand any 
other fee then that of the Create Seale allowed by yo!' Lo!!! our 
Assembly is still prorouged, And as long as I find them 
psons soe well tempered and disposed, I shall not Change 
for new faees, The Business of the Easterne shore goes well 
on, only the psons wdiich owne this Gouernment are a little 
disturbed by the other party, Butt I ^^■ill Ineourage them and 
others to Seat downe. And Assure them that they shall bee 
proteeted by this Gouernment, Thomas Joanes, whom yo'' 
Lo^ mentions in this Letter, is Ariued Lately, And Acpiaints 
mee of yo"" Lordships fauourable Expressions to him, Butt I 
Cannot find hee is like to bee soe Serviceable to yo'" Lo'l' as 
hee might make him selfe appeare, hee seemes to desire 
a CV)mmission to Trade with the Hore Keele Indians only, 
Butt I refused him that, vnless hee would farme the whole 
Trade, for should I grant him a Lyeenee to trade and deale 
with those Indians itt Avould bee in effect to trade Avith all the 
Indians in the Bay As yett Avee are nott agreed ; Care shall 
bee taken that the oath of fidelity bee tendered to such 
as seate for the future on the Seabord side, I am sorry 
to vnderstand my freind M!^ ffortescue was soe liad, I hope As 



202 



yo"" Tiit'I' writt's 1 shall by my Rotunies this yeare make 
yo' Lo'i' aiiu'iids for the small and Inoonsidorablc Sume sent 
last Shippiuji'e Cis is glad iiis Lfv Came safe and humbly 
!haid<es vd!" Tjo'IT for tlie tine token, whieh yo!" TjoIE writes you 
thouirlit not to haue sent this yeare, This last snmmer T 
( ansed two of yo?' Mannors to bee laid out, W*!" some Addi- 
tion, A wdikc \\hi('h Mr White thought hee had done, Bntt I 
found itt soe ill done, That I Caused Resnrvey's to bee made, 
and lines in some parts to bee Altered, which is now Recorded 
OS yo?' Ijo^'Z^ Commandt mee, And shall see alsoe that Copy of 
the Records of them bee sent as yo?" Lo^ desires, I haue vsed 
all Mcanes possible And waves to procure some Elkcs&deere 
for yo!" Lol! I haue sent seuerall times t(j Jacob Younge 
about itt, Who I am C'ertaine would as willingly gett them 
as yo"" Lof^E desires, because hee hath a great desire to gett his 
patent which is dcffcrred till hee Comply with yo!" LoT direc- 
tions herein li" any ])son in Maryland Can procure them It 
must bee this pson or none, AVee haue had such an open Win- 
ter that all our IVud Catchers haue failed, not soe much as a 
Red bird hath been Caught by any that I Can hear of, I haue 
oft spoken to my ( \)usin ^^'illiam Calvert about itt and to my 
C'ousin Darnell and others. And they all assure mee that noe 
Jiirds are to bee had, for my owne part I seldome nieete w**' 
any my selfe, Butt I haue not neglected to speake to Euery 
one th' I ("oneeiue might procure these things, had S'' W" 
Itecn hecrc hcc would not haue found itt soe Easy a matter, as 
hee has atlirmed itt to yo"" Tx)''"', Those hawkes which I sent 
yo!" Eordshipp last Shi])pinge were i>aid for mee. And if more 
( oiild bee gott now I would willingly giue any Rates for 
them, or any the other Rarities yo"" Lordship desires. My 
l)rother \'incent Low llcturnes yo'' Lo!!! many humble 
tliankes {]'(>' the notice yo' Lol' is pleased to take of liim, I 



263 



liopc lit'c will dcscrue the ( 'ontiniianco of yo"" Lo^* Countc- 
nauce & fauour to him I liauc Acquainted M' James Tomp- 
son that yo"" 1a)^J!. Ee({uires him to make Inspection into the 
Mannors, which hee will doe, and giue accompt from time to 
time of any thino-e ^vliich may bee done to vol" Lord'lE' preju- 
dice. I shall take very great Care that pottonuK-ke Kiuer l)ee 
owned (as itt is) part and belonginge to this prouince I am 
afrait itt w ill bee a very hard Matter to find such Cascjue here 
as shall preserue Syder good to England, for wee want good 
Coopers and such as are knoweinge in the Seasoningc of Cas(|ue 
for such jKuposes. The Chancellors Cider is pretty good 
Butt I am of Opinion the best Syder in the Country ^\\\\ 
doe vs noe Creditt in England, Could wee soe order 
itt as to preserue itt thither By Cap* Benj'; Cooper with 
whom this goes, I shall send yo?" I^ol!!' a good hogshead of 
Sweete sented Tobacco, which I intend to p'sent to yol" \a)^!Z 
It Comes from Jarboes plantation, from Avhence the last Came 
yo!" Lto^l had when I was in England, ]Mv wife has this yeare 
sent yol" Lordsiiip some dryed peaches. And would haue sent 
a greater number had shee had Conveniencies for doeinge 
More, Cheeses worth presentinge to yo!' LoL^ are not to bee 
had. M" Si)ry (who made that }•(/ LoL"" tasted A\hen I was 
in England) hath not any good Enough as shee thinkes, And 
sliee will not I^oose that Reputation shee hath already (Jott, 
And vnless shee furnishes mee, noe other housewife in Mary- 
laud C'an I am Certaiue, for the Cheeses Generally made here 
are soe Ranke and soe full of Eyes, that yo!" Lof^' would bee 
angiy with mee siiould I send such, I am sorry my Cos. 
Lukuer thinkes not of Marryinge 3^ett, because that Match 
would haue Ih-ought a great deale of Iloniiour besids the 
Aduantages of a IMcntifuU fortune, I tiianke yof Lordship 
for Causeinge M?" Pladwell to deliuer Copys of the Bonds for 



264 



liidii tV 1()7<» to t\\v farmers, I shall not faile of scndinge 
C'opyes Euery ycare as the Act Re(iuires, yo'' LoL^ signifycs 
that the business betwixt his Royall Highness & yol" LoL^ is 
not vett fl(>terniine(l which f am sorry for, I hope to hearc 
news of vo'" Lovdshipps good success in itt by the next 
Sliippinge, IMajor ffitzherberts Brother who Maryed the 
Indian Brent, has Ciuilly i)arted with her And (as I 
suppose) will iieuer Care to bed with her more, soe that 
vor liO^l needs not to feai- any ill Consequence from that 
Match, l>utt what has already happened to the poore Man who 
vnaduisedly threw himselfe away vpon her in hopes of a great 
portion, which now is Come to Little, I shall doe my p]n- 
deau(»nr to ])swade people to Seate vp the Bay to the North- 
ward of 'fliirty nine Degrees and a halfe vjion those tearmes 
vo!^ Lordship does order mee. Butt I fear none will goe 
as yett, for I find a greater Inclination in most yong Men to 
seat on the Sea Bord side. And many Discourse of the South- 
ward |)lantatioiis I pray God a Considerable number of our 
peo])le doe not Remoue thither, Seruants ai'c Attemptinge in 
many places to make their Escapes thither. But wee doe all 
wee Can to })revent these Mischeifes, If I can send yof Lord- 
shipj) any other aiftdauites besides that \\hi<"h yo!" Lordshipp 
liatli of" \"an Swerring I will gett and send them by this Sliip- 
pinge, M"" Nottly is now Speaker of of Assembly, hee and 
Ml" John Moorecroft beinge Chossen Burgesses fortheCittv of 
St. Maries, And by that Meanes I gott him into the Assem- 
bly, 'riiougli Doctor Wharton bee a good vnderstandinge Man 
yett D!" Morecroft is much more for our purpose, being the 
best Lawyer in the Country, and has al waves been (v|)on 
other Assemblyes) A great Assertei- of yo!' Lo^E^ Char- 
ter and tlic Ivights ct privilidges thereof, I durst not 
putt itt to an Election in the Countves Butt tooke this 



265 



way wliich I Know would C^ertainely doe what T desired 
And now I liaue gott ]M!' Nottly into the Chaire, 1 liaue 
Assured him, Tliat witli yo!" Lordsliips Leaue, I am Re- 
sohied to Keepe him there as L)uge as hee and I line 
together, It is most Certaine that some of the Catholiques in 
the Assembly, Did not behaue themselues as was Expeeted, 
hereafter they will I hope Endeauour to vnderstand themselues 
Better And their (»wne Interrest, I will doe my Endeauours 
to gett the Act for Liquers past, this next Meetinge if I Can — 
INIy Reason for dislikinge the Aet for forraign Coynes which 
I writ to yof Lordshipp about, is that the Assembly did not 
make those Coynes soe Currant as that people should Receiue 
them att their seuerall Rates speeifyed in that Act, And itt 
hajipens, as I feared itt would, that many will not Deale att 
all for those Coynes vnless they may Goe for tiie old and 
former valew, which is Accordinge to the weight of the Silver, 
It is an Idle Act and may bee throwne out of doores, I am 
glad tlie business of the Shipp AV" of Doner has Giuen 
yo!' Lordship noe trouble, I hear that the Ship Ariued and the 
Master in prisson if soe yo!" LoJ^l' will heare nothinge of itt. 
Truly my Lord I Couett noe mans goods, nor Vessell And 
doe not desire to grow Rich by such Courses, ^\•hicll Caused 
me to Elncline S!" Talbot to that Guifl, And itt happened to 
bee (hme att Sf ^Maries, the Assembly then sittinge, who 
thouglit itt a very noble Act And wrought much vpon them 
to our good I hope. 1 once more humbly Returne yo!" Lord- 
shij)]) many thankes for takeinge notice of the Allowance 
(iranted nice by yo!" Lo"' 29". July which I liaue afore answcrcxl, 
I hope I shall bee able to line out of itt. Butt I must ]{esolue 
to bee a Better husband then formerly, Thougli I w ill not sane 
itt, where uiy owne Creditt or yo"" Lordships is Concerned, I 
am much oblidged to Sf W!* Talbot for the Good Character 
34 



266 



liee has jjiuon of our liuoingo ]\Iv Resolution is to doe all I 
Can l^vards a plentifiill Table for the Land I find will yeild 
vs any thinge, If our Endeauours are nott wantinge — I haue 
Rccciucd all the Duplieats and Letters Mentioned to haue 
been sent w'."" this Letter, yof Lordshipps of the 4'!' of 7ber 
Mentions that I must send a ptieular accompt of the seuerall 
Lands Escheated to yof Lordshipp afore that I shall haue any 
power for the Sale of them, which I shall according to Direction 
send yof IjO^ by Conaway or Tully, I hope my Couz. Baker 
Brooke will doe in this perticular what yof Lordshipp Requires 
from him, Orders shall bee giuen to the Sherrifes as yo!" Lord- 
shi])p Commands, Butt first an Inquissition must bee had, 
And a .Jury of Twelue men must bee satisfyed and make 
Return afi)re any order Can bee giuen to Seize on the Lands, 
I sliall in the Meaue time giue yof Lordshipp an Accompt of 
the (piantity of Acres & quality of the Land. As yett I 
haue done nothinge in Gerrards business which Sf AV^ Tal- 
bot Infi)rmed yof Lordshijip of, neither doe I know Certainely 
whether itt will bee worth my trouble, what I then Intended 
was vpon the Report of his neighborhood who I fear will 
prone l)utt ill gnessers ; Accordinge to yol" Lordships Com- 
mands I haue gott the Mannor at the Ridg wholly to my selfe, 
and doe Intend to keepe itt Intire for the future. I haue 
taken notice of M!" Whites Rent paid yo!" Lordship in Eng- 
land, tlie Warrant of the 2<)"' Nouember in fauonr of My 
Aunt Peaseley as yett has done her noe Service, haueing not 
been able to dispose of any of those Lands which that A\'arrant 
Impowered mee to sell for her, And now yo' LoL^ will not 
haue mee to pursue those Commands till you iiaue accompt of 
the (^lantity Qualityes t^'c. which I shall as well as I can 
Infbrme yo' Lordship in ; As alsoe what any one shall offer 
inr these or the other Escheats lands, M' Truman as vett has 



267 



not stirred in tliat business which Mf White Acfiuainted 
yof Lordshipp w'."" If I hear any thing from him about itt I 
will doe my best to secure Mf Whites Right and my owne 
yo!' Lordsliip of the 1(J° 7ber Signifyes that yor Lolf Intended 
to luiue sent seuerall things by Cap* Connaway, But they had 
the Good Lueke not bee putt on Bord afore that Accident 
happened to his Shipp, which I was very glad to vnderstand, 
Aud humbly thanke yof Lo^ both for the thinges and the 
trouble yol^ Lordshipp gaue yo'"selfe in the sendinge of them, 
they all Came safe to mee, av'? M? Roads in the Baltemore, 
In yof Lordshipps the 18'.^ 7ber is Mentioned M!" Nottlyes 
papers about his Lands which I have already Signifved to bee 
deliuered him, the Warrant for Bartholomew Coats does not 
answ!" his request Sf W? Talbott haueinge mistooke his Mes- 
sadge in her behalfe, of this I shall write further when 
I send accompt of the Escheated Lands, Rob' Hawkins is 
Come and has full possession giuen him of all that is left of that 
Estate of his Brother Johns lately Murdered, I reced herewith 
a Coj)y of Langfords Bond the originall being Signed, the which 
I will send with this packett, M!" Rob' Harper Nephew to 
Sr Thomas Strickland has not been w"" mee when I see him 
yo^ Lordshipps Commands shall bee obeyed; another li^ of 
the 18?. 7ber in fanour of Mf Thomas Welburne whom I haue 
treated with all Ciuilly and promist him all fauour I can 
shew hiui, I Recciucd a letter from the Lord A^iscouut ffaul- 
con urge in his behalfe, to which 1 returned auswf p Ml" AVel- 
burne yo' Lo^r of the 22°. 7ber Came w"' the thinges w"'' 
yof Ia)''1' by yo!" Ire SO'!" Aug' Signifved that you should not 
send this Shippinge Euery thinge Came safe and well to my 
hands. And by yof Lo^I.' Directions I soone Came to the 
Knowledg of all the tine (\)ntriuances of the Cabinett. My 
wife has by a Letter to yo!" Lordship}) sent hei- humble thankes 



268 



which now ajjaine shcc humbly desires may bee p^sented, 
Alsoe little Cis j/sents yof Lo"!!' with his thankes for the Capp 
feather Sword & Belt all which hee found as yof Lordship 
Si^nifved. I Reced herewith the Copy of a noate yo' Lordshipp 
gaue to Mr Arthur about my moneyes, which was taken out 
of ITiutons hands for the Buyinge those nessesaryes I sent for 
I shall hcrewitli send to Ml" Arthur that I allow of what has 
been done therein, and Cleere yof Lordshij) from that trouble 
I Reced from Mf Burke an accompt of Euery thinge to my 
Satisfaction, Care shall bee taken that noe patents for the 
future shall bee Recorded afore they liaue pasted the Great 
Scale, If any such abuses have been Committed att any time 
in the Secretaries office, Thepson who Informed yo!" Lordshipp 
Chcitly Occationed itt, by his beinge too Curious in the 
Rcceiueinge liis ifees, yof Lordshipps Command to him now 
will Remoue that occation, And for what is past I will take 
Care shall bee Rectifyed and see the like bee not done for the 
future. I humbly once more Returne yof Lordshipp thankes 
for the Excellent token I Receiued which I haue soe much 
valewed, that vnless itt bee vpon very great dayes & In 
Comp* Avith the best persons these parts affi)rd, I doe not pre- 
sume* to bringe out a Bottle, Both sorts being Exceedinge 
Good in their Kind, I am sorry I haue not Sydcr to fill the 
Bottles with worth sendinge, otherwise I should willingly 
obey yol" Lordshipps Commands and bee very proud to send 
itt, I haue already assured vol" Lordship]) that my Endeauours 
haue not been wantinge to Solicite all persons any way likely 
to j)roeure those Rarities sent for and specifyed in a noate sent 
nice in this Letter, And I am disapointed by all in Euery 
thinge desired, which is an Acconi|)t I most vnwillingly 
retiu-n Could I speed in my dcsin^s herein, I find ("apt 
Couper to bee Command!' of the Elias, And to carry vol" Lord- 



269 



shi])ps flfigge in the foret()])p liee is a C'iuill psoii and I doubt 
not butt will deserue the honnour liee has Receiued, haueinge 
notice by this Letter that Capt John Dunsh was by Commis- 
sion yoy LoP£^ Admirall I saluted him att his Ariuall by tliat 
Title, Butt after\vards vnderstood by M" Roads that the Com- 
mission for some Reasons best Knowne to Mf Burke was not 
deliuered him though Carved downe to Graues End, I hope 
yof I^o'J: will Cause itt to bee deliuered him, for hoc has been 
very Ciuill to mec this yeare, though I vnderstand tliat 
Mf Burke thought hee vsed mee not well in the freight of 
some Goods I haue forgiuen that vnkindness by Reason hee 
has made mee amends by his Ciuillityes since hee last Came 
into Maryland I haue been very Carefull of S!" W" Talbots 
Concernes and hope hee will haue Reason to thinke soe when 
I send him his Accompt, M''.^ Saunders who Came with 
M"".^ Roads appears to bee a very well behaued bred pson as 
yo!" 1^0^ writes, And therefore I Receiued her vnder my Roofe 
where I presume shee will Remaine for one year, & I hope 
shee will thinke fitt to dispose of herselfe by way of INIar- 
ryadge afore that time bee Expired, I will not faile to Cause 
a Copy of yol" Lordships last Commission to mee for the Gou- 
erment to bee Carefully written Examined and sent herewith 
aecordinge to yof Lo"!!^ Command, yof Lo''!^ of the 24? Sep- 
tember brought mee the sad news of my Sister Blaekstones 
death which has been a great Affliction to mec euer since, I 
hope shee is happy our prayers shall not bee wantinge. It is a 
great Comfort to mee that shee was soe ^vell prepared and Re- 
signed as I vnderstaud shee was, I Caused all the Good ]\Ien 
here to say Masses for her sonic, Yo' Lo'T of the 28". .S^I"" 
Came w'** Cap' Wheatley with seuerall other Duplicates and 
mentions the sad news of my Sisters death which I reced in 
the foregoeinge of the 24.. 7ber 1 fiud l)y this Letter of 



270 



yo!" Lo*!!!' there lias been a liuntlred poimds of my moneyes 
taken out of Ml Hintons liaiids for A\hich yo' Lo!£ has vnder- 
taken I shall Allow of itt. I will not omitt to Cleere 
yo"" Lordship]) from yo' Engagements herein by sending a Ire 
to tiiat purpose herewith, As I haue in a Ire to Mf Arthur 
M ready, there is nothinge Else in this Letter to bee answered 
but what I haue already Signifyed to yo5 Lo^i in this answ!" to 
the foregoeinge AVith yof Lo^r of the 18°. 9ber I Reced a Copy 
of the ifees I allowed the Chancellar whilst I was in England 
as alsoe a Copy of a Bill Costs in Chancery, with a Letter 
from M!" Langhorne touchinge the Settlement of such ifees. As 
yo' Lordshipp thinkes fitt to allow of for the future. The 
Chancellor did not acquaint mee with his Intentions of send- 
inge that liill of Costs in Chancery, which I find liee sent 
yof Lordshippe It was his owne propper business which liee 
desired to bee Satisfyed in from yo' Lo!! o' Resolution now is 
to take this Settlement for the future if wee Can butt vnder- 
stand it. I reced with yo' Lo^r li^ of the 19". 9ber a Copy of 
a Ire from the Lords Commissioners of his Ma'!!' Treasury 
which [ haue Carefully perused and will not faile to performe 
what thcHMu is required, I am glad to vnderstand from 
yo' Loir th' Tobaecoes was Ri.sen in ])riee, l)utt I feare that 
will not hold Longe for wee are like to send home great 
(Quantities this Shippinge. In the postscript of this Letter 
yof Lordship orders mee to obseruc what the Lords Commis- 
sioners requires touching the Caryeinge all Tobaecoes to 
England onely but m another Letter from yo' Lo^i which I 
am not yett Come to I am Commanded to take noe notice of 
their Dii-ections in that point, butt to Lett the Bonds Run as 
lonncrjy Coi- Irehind accordinge to the Acts of Parliament, I 
will iK.t omitt to write to my Aunt Sumersett & Weld by the 
Lasl Shipp. \W y„r Lo'l' of the 29°. 9ber I find those 



271 



Commands of yof Lo!f that I ^hall not take notice of th* part 
of the Lords Commiss" Ire, Which requires that noe Master 
shall bee permitted to Transport Tobaccoes for Ireland, wliich 
is I find Contrary to the Act, I shall obsenic the Act in those 
Cases, vnless I receiue orders from yo!" Lol' to the Contrary ; 
I reced with this Letter of yof Lo'!!^ an A quittance to 
Mr Henry Meese for Coll. Edward Carter for four pounds ten 
Shillinges. And I will Accordinge to yo'' Lordships Command 
satisfve what Kent is due. And whether the Land bee 
Escheated or not I haue not as yett seen Mf W? Collingwood 
whom y(f. Lo'!£ makes Mention of, when he Comes to mee I 
will shew him all Lawfull fauour I Can, I will speake to the 
London Masters about Caryeinge yof Lo'Z one hundred bil- 
letts a peice and Endeauour to gett them to doe yo'' I^o!f that 
kindness if possibly I can, I doe Intend to send yof Lo^ p 
Cap' Conaway as much Planke of Blacke AYallnutt as will 
make a Shouell Board Table, 30 foot Longe with stuffe of the 
same wood for a frame which I shall present yof Lo^i with. 
This Ire I Reced by Cap' John Body ; yof Lordshipps of the 
T'."} December brought mee Hugh Stansly Will About w"^ bus- 
iness I haue discoursed with ffranke Swanton, who I find is 
very willinge & Ready to giue an Accompt of liis Aduiiuis- 
tration, hee desires to bee a Tenant till the Children Come of 
Age, and giue his Accompt yearly and to haue discharges 
yearly that hee may not haue a Longe Accomjit to giue when 
the Children shall Receiue their Estates from him. My 
Cousin Baker Brooke who in the behalfe of the Mother and 
Chiklrcn is Atturney in this Business, gaue mee tliis I^etter, 
when the Rent is Ascertained I su})pose Swanton will giue 
such security as will bee allowed of, And I will take Care to 
see the Children haue noe wronge done them. As for tiie Laud 
of Stanleyes on the Easterne Shore I will Inquire into th<>ni 



272 

& ^ine yo' ho^l an Aocompt thereof, yof JjO^I' of 10'.'. Xber is 
ill fauoiir of Sf W" Talbot and his affaires here, of which I 
hope to Render a very (jood aeeompt, th<)uo;h I find hee has 
not that Confidence in niee (as my Actions (which hereafter 
will a]H'ar) will deserue I doubt not, I am sure I haue done 
better for iiim then hee Could haue done for himselfe, Had 
hee been here to haue Acted his owne Ikisines.s, for I haue 
C'ollect^d mo.st of his fees and pcrcjuissits of his office (of 
wliicli I shall giue a speedy accompt) yo!' Lordshipp putts mee 
in Mind in vo!' Letter of the 22°. December of takeint>e Good 
Security for the payment of the Bills w'''' I shall send home to 
yof Lo'!!! which I haue hitherto Carefully obserued, I am very 
Glad that Augustines Mapp is like to bee printed and that 
yof ho^l has gott some Moneyes Towards itt I will see the 
names of all yof Lordshipps Mannors Inserted as you direct 
mee, And send them by Cap* Groome or Conaway I am now 
buildinge vpon yo!' I^ord'!!!" INIannor of Sachay where I Re- 
solve to line in the Sununer time, Itt is a very good part of 
tlie Country for health, And much Cleered for husbandry the 
which I am now vpon, It is thought there is at lca<t fine 
hund!" Acres of Cleere Ground. My Resolution is to build a 
brickc house for little Cis the next yeare, This that I am now 
about is to Receiue my family for the p'"sent I Chose this 
INIanno'' to begin vpon, because yof Lo'!£ has two Mannors to- 
gethei- Sachaye & pangey, yo!' Lo'l' desirs to bee satisfyed 
touching the (Jroath & Size of our English Graine, our wheat 
is a smaller graine then that in England, but wee Conceiue the 
lieason of that may bee that wee sow not in ])ropper ground 
nor at proj)er Seasons of the yeare, I had .>^ent mee by 
M' Burke a hh*! of white flaxen wheate, which I haue sowed, 
.\ii(l when that Comes vj) I will Ictt yo! Lo^i; Know whether 
our ground produces as large as the seed was when I sowed itt, 



273 



Our Oates Barley & Poase are as large as those sorts of 
Graine in England. Butt till this veare that I had y;ood seed 
out of England I neuer mett with any Good wheate soc that 
I cannot soe well Judg and giuc yo!" T^o^l' that good At'com])t 
of itt, As hereafter I liope to doe, I Reced Augustins Mapp 
and shall obserue yo"" Lordsh^P" Command about Inserting 
what you liauc directed and send itt by the last 8hipp, I wish 
I were able to buy some of S?" Paule painters negroes at Bar- 
bados and Could gett them hitlier when ])aid for, Butt I nuist 
not aim at such a purchase vntill I haue gott some Debts 
paid. And that I haue some money afore hand, I should bee 
Glad his Hiness the Duke of York would ]iart with his In- 
terrest at New Yorke as y!" Lop writes I thinke it has hith- 
erto been a Charge and burden to liim, And a help only to 
Raise some Indigent officers, Louelace has got Considerably 
since hee Commanded there, yo!' Lo'!£' of the 23°. Xber was 
deliu(;red nice by M' Thomas Massey with whom Came his 
Companion M!" Henry Carew, the latter C*anie very ill to my 
house and for some dayes wee thought him in great danger, 
butt now hee is Avell Recouered and settled w*'' the Chancellor, 
M"" Massey being av'*" mee as yo!^ Lo^ Comanded there shall 
bee nothinge Avantinge on my part to Incourage them, their 
Entertainement shall bee as good as tlu» Country affords. 
And I doubt not but yo^ I^o'^E and their Siij)erior will Receine 
a good .Vccompt from them they both are pleased to say they 
are Avell satisfyed with their beinges, I hope there will bee 
a good (.'orres])ondence betwixt them and the others for I 
find them very freindly & well jilcased together, INl!" Massey 
seemes to bee a \-cry good prudent & descrcet pson. And 
I hope I shall haue a good Companion of him, I haue 
provided him of a good horse to his Satisfaction, And will 
allow him ten pounds and more if I find him able, I am sori-y 

35 



274 

to vndorstand by yo' LoT of the 26" September that Sf W"^ 
Talbot giiies you Cause to fear hee will not bee soe kind to his 
mother as hee ought I hope yett hee will appear better 
natured and bee more dutifull then to see her want, hee 
seemed here to haue a great Kindness for his mother my 
Aunt, and sense of her Bad Condition. Yo"" Lo^ Commands 
mee to secure the Sliipp money and to send Bills home for 
those fees to }'ol" Lordshipp to Keepe that in case Sf W? per- 
forme not what hee ought to his mother, yof Lo^ will bestow 
tliose fees vpon my Aunt to Releiue her, which I shold bee 
willinge to doe, but most of the Shipp fees are paid in Tobac- 
coes and a very small matter paid in Moneyes only head 
money for passengers which possibly may Amount vnto £25.. 
or £30.. Sterlinge, now I had afore yof Lo^Z.^ Ire Came to 
hand Retiu*ned that money and more to 8!^ AVilliam by Bills, 
soe that vnless I Consign some Tobaceoes of his I know not 
which way to Comply with yo' Commands herein. And I fear 
Tobaceoes will giue yof Lo!Z too great a trouble and do my 
Aunt little Good, I hope Sy W? will giue yo!" Lordshipp bet- 
ter Satisfaction at his Return from Ireland I am Come now 
to yo' Lordshipps of the 16° January by Cap' John Tully, 
which bringes mee the 111 news of Warrs av"' liolland & the 
(Jreato Stopp vpon the Exchequer. This news putts most of 
our Masters ct Merchants into some fright & fears least they 
bee seized on goeinge home, I shall bee Carefull in yol" Lo^ 
directions about those Bills I send home, I haue hitherto sent 
first & second Bills, and shall still doe soe w"' li^ of Aduise I 
humbly begg yo' I^ordships pardon that I did not send those 
accdinpts I Signifyed I would send last yoarc the which 
I w ill not omitt to perfect and those of this year with a true 
accompt of the fines, forfeiturs and Escheats I know of I in- 
t<'nd to gett mv freind ]\r Nottlv to Assist me in draweinire 



275 

out my accompt of the Sciierall years past, all which 
yof Lo^.P shall haue without faile by Conaway and Groome, 
I will alsoe Returne yof Lo?£ an accompt of the Tobaccoes ex- 
ported as the Lords Commissioners Requires, And hope 
yof Lordship will bee mindfull of a Consideration for my 
trouble in their business, I shall bee very Glad to haue my 
mothers picture which yof LoL'' thinkes to send mee next 
yeare. M!' Sam Leadbeater who Came in Tully is ariued, 
And is w'? a Kinsman of his M' Benj. Solly who I suppose 
will assist him in any thinge hee Can, As yett hee has not 
Spoke to mee, I humbly thanke yof Lordship for the hh*? of 
vines, butt old Tully has been soe Crosgrained that before I 
could send for them hee sett saile vp the Bay, that I fear the 
vines may bee Spoyled afore I gett them out of his vessell, 
Butt I haue sent a messenger for the hogshead, And doe in- 
tend to trouble the Capf about itt, I vnderstand by this Letter 
that Tully does petition yo!^ LoL^ for 7 or 800 Acres of land 
vp the Bay formerly Hattons and by his mistake said to bee 
Lewis Stocketts who neuer Enjoyed a foote of itt, I intend to 
petition yof Lordshipp for itt myselfe for a very good freind 
of mine, And hope yo?' Lordship will not dispose of itt 
to Tully till my petition Come, I will returne a True accompt 
of itt with the other Escheated Lands the younge woman 
Anne Rouse yof Lordshipp sent my wife, is ariued and En- 
tertained by my wife, I hope shee may proue vsefull, with our 
most humble thankes to yo!" Lordshipp, And I hope I haue 
now answered all yof Lordshi})S Letters and Euery perticular 
Contained in them which Re({uircd answer, humbly begging 
yf Lopps Blessing to 

Yf Lo1= most dutifull & 
24'" Aprill 1672 Obedient son 

Charles Calvert 



27(3 



May it ])loase yl" Lo]). 

Since I fiiiislit my answer to y!' Lops Ires I lia])peiied 
to liaiie some (lis('(»ui'se w"' the Cliaucell'" toucliing S|" W™ Tal- 
l)ot, and his icturnini;- hitiier, and I find that he is of opinion 
that wee shall haue my Cozens Comp" no more, vpon what 
grounds 1 know not, but I hope from no good hand, for I 
should bee much disheartened if it should be so, for he was a 
greate comfort to me both in respect of his relation & parts, 
and truly but that I was confident of his good resolutions in 
returning hither to vs, I would neuer haue vnd''taken the 
charge <S: care of his Affaires here the Chancell!" moued to me 
the sending of a Ire to y!' Lop, w"'' he said was ready writ to 
re([uest the Seer"* place for himselfe, and would haue had me 
haue seconded it, but I made him this answer, that I had 
greate hopes yf LoP would prevaile w"" S'' W? to returne to vs, 
and the promisses w"^ Sf W™ had made me likewise gaue me 
the same hopes, whether he will send this Ire he mention'd I 
know not but I gaue him no encouragem' at all, but assured on 
the contrary that Sf W" would haue reason to take it vnkindly 
from him to belecne he had changed his resolutions afore wee 
hatl more certainty of it I humbly beg of y'Lo!' to send him to 
vs for I haue little comfort or satisfaction in the society of any of 
the llest of the Councell here ; by Capt Conaway I shall send all 
the Kest of my Cosens effects ct shall then giue him an accompt 
of aboue a hundred thousand pounds of tobacco that by his order 
I haiic |)ay'(l here cV: the rest sent him home ; Capt Cooper is now 
at my howse and stays for my dispatch, he has entreated me, to 
desire of yfLop. a jirotection for his ship the next year in case of 
Eml)argo vpon Shipping w'^'' he fean^s the warrs may occation 
his bchauiour tV; ciuilitys I h()j)e will deserue this fauour from 
yl" Lo!' W'}' is my humble request in his behalfe to yf LoP I am 

Y' I^ops most ()bedient Son 
20'.'' Aprill 1()72. Chakles Calvekt 



27 



No. 16. 

GOVERNOR CHARLES CALVERT TO CECILIUS, 
LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorseiuent.] 

2 June 1673 
3*? Duplicate of my sons Answer 
to my Ires sent this last 

Shipping for INIarvland — 

Sent inclosed in my 

sons letter dated 2*? 

August 1673. 

May it Please y!" Lo!' 

Yours of the lo*'' of August by Cap* George Hilson I Re- 
ceived, which assures me that yo!" Lo^l' hath Receiued as well 
my Lres as all the bills of Exchange I sent yof Lo'^ this last 
yeare, which is to me a greate satistaction, Considering how 
Troublesome the times are ; Sorry I am to heare of poore old 
Tullyes misfortune, and for HoUinsworth he hath beene since 
with me, but of that I shall give yo"" Lo!£ a more full acct)unt 
hereafter. As for that Caution yo!" Ja)^! is pleased to giue me 
for my owne security (my house at IMatapenny standing so 
neare the water) I humbly thanke yo!" Lo!£ for yof advice, and 
siiall Kndeavonr my owne Security by Removing up to 
Zachiah, and also shalbe very Cautious of what shipps I goe 
on Board of, but for that yo!" Ijo^I writes me about (Jookins 
shi}), and tiieir designe, (wanting only the Concurrence of the 
Master) I never heard any thing of it, before now from 
yo' LoPi. 

I am heartily sorry to Iicare tliat my Cozen Tailx*! Iiatli so 
behaved himself both towards yo!" Lo'^ and his mother, and 



278 



truly I must C^onfcsse that in this he liath much Deceived me 
in my tlioughts of him, for I ahvayes supposed him to be a 
person of that hono"" and worth, that unkindnes to a mother, 
and ingratitude to a Relacon that had so much oblidged him 
as yor 1^0^ had bcene mucli below the Generosity of his Tem- 
per. I am glad that M'^ Boughton hath Received her To- 
bacco, and doe wish she had sould it as well as the Rest, for I 
tooke all Care imaginable in the Collecting it here, so that I 
Dare boldly affirme, that if any Tobacco would ffetch money 
hers would. I am glad that yof Lo!E Received the Wallnut 
Tree plankes and peices of that wood, and the hogshead of 
sweete sented Tobacco, as also Cis Two wilde Cat skynas, and 
Doe heartily Rejoyce that yo5 Lo!? likes them. 

The Duplicate of yo' Lo^p^ of the 8* of October sent by 
Capt Croseombe I Received, though the originall was lost 
(wee understanding since that Croseombe was taken) I have 
often spoken to my Cozen Baker Brookes to give yo'' Lo^!! an 
account of the Escheated Lands, and shall once more put both 
him and James Thompson in minde of Complyeing with 
yof Lo'Z^ Desires, according to yof former comands to them, 
and by the last of these Shipps, I hope they will Retorne 
yo'' Ijo^I that account from their owne hands that yo!" LoE? wilbe 
well satisfved with, but as yet my Lord I must needes confesse 
I have had very little account from Either myself, while I 
Received this L!! from yo!" Lo!? I never knew other then that 
my Cozen Brookes had sent Mf Langford his lO"' and Charles 
Playdell his ffee, I shall speake to him but truly that place 
now is become so inconsiderable, that I beleeve he will humbly 
su])licate yo'' TiO^i to take off John Langfords 10* p anii for 
now their is little worke for a Surveyor in Maryland, but 
howsomever for Charles Playdells Fee I will take Effectuall 
(\u-e that he sends him that ; when the warrant to Chandler 



279 

yof Lo!! writes of Comes to hand it shalbe Entred upon 
Record and a graunt in vo!" Lo^I^ name passed according as 
jo' Lo'lf hath therein Directed. 

Yol" Lo!! writes that all the bills of Exchange are pd. Ex- 
cepting Ould Tullyes, Truly my Lord I am glad to heare tliat 
the Rest are so well payd, but for the poore ould man his losse 
hath beene so greate that I hope yol" Lo!f Avill not Expect it 
from him, and for the sueing his security here I tooke none of 
him for I looked vpon him as a man sufficient, and one that 
had beene an ould Trader here in yoF Lo''!^ Province, lately 
yof Lo^i* Admirall and one th* I went and Came in his ship 
& from wlioni have Received some Civillityes w" under his 
Dominion in his wooden Kingdome. 

Touching what yo!" Lo'!!^ writes about the Imposition money, 
I have still taken it of the Masters hitherto, and shall Doe 
without yof Lo£I' Directs otherwayes, but severall psons object 
here that Sf William Barkel}' in Case of shipwrack taking or 
Casting away makes allowance, and Constantly Receives the 
Imposition money of the Marchant that freights the Tobacco, 
and not of the Master as I Doe here, so that if he sliowes 
Masters of shipps any Act of favour more in Virginia then 
yo!' Lo'Z does here, yo?' LoHf A\ill lindc tlie p''iudice more then 
the advantage, in the meane time I shall pceed as I have done 
untill I shall Receive other Directions from yo*" Lo^ I only 
acquaint yo!' Lo^l' of it, that if yo!" Lo!!f should be complained 
to, you might be p^'pared. 

I Retorne yo"" Lo^ my humble thankes for Delivering the 
bonds & account of shipping to my Lord Shafstsbury and 
com'.^ of the Treasury, & shall Endeavour in my care for the 
future to merrit that good Character his LoET is pleased to 
favour me witli. 



280 



I am very mufh obli(li>:o(l to tliat honncst & Civill jrentle- 
luan M!" Massoy for liis kiiide Character of me w"^ I must eon- 
fesse to 1)C luoi-c then I have merited from him, although 
I have used my utmost Endeavo!" to oblidge him, & shalhe 
ghid of all ()])|)tunityes to serve so pious & so Deserving a 
pson, as I finde him to be, and indeed a pson that is so much 
a gentleman, and good Company w''' is somew' Rare here in 
Maryland, and for my writing to yo"" Lo!? that I Designed to 
allow him but 10' p ann if I did so my Lord it was a mistake 
for I never designed him lesse th" 20' p ann according to yo"" 
j^qPps Comands, and that he might be assured of it I showed 
him that ])t of yo' LoT Lll. 

tfor the Cliancelo!" & Coll^ Complaint to yo!' Lol I jiayd 
them as I thought to their Satisfaction for they made no ob- 
jection ag* it, yof Lo'^ having setled the Chancch/s ifees at 
1*^ p li at th' Rate I payd them — yo'' Lo'^l hath reserved to 
yo"" self the best bills of Exchange & Ready money & there- 
fore I thought I must pay them in Tobacco out of yo"" Lo1£^ 
Rents & did not thinke it convenient too much to undervallue 
the Comodity of the Country, and for their Receipt of it I 
have their full discharge l)ut what yo!" Lo^Z shall ord"" for the 
future in that affayre T shall Readily & obediently c()m])]y 
with. 

tVor ^fajo*' h'it/harberts Complaint I Doe much admire at 
that time, but of the particuler actions of that pson shall give 
yo"" Lo^ a full account in one uud!' mv owne hand. 

I have severall times put the Coll & Cozen Darnell in 
minde of Complyeing with yo!" Lo'Z' Desires in pouring those 
Rarityes which yo'' Lo^ Expects from them and have myself 
proffered very greate Rates to severall ]>sons here to procure 
them knowing how acceptable they would be to yo"" Lo!E but 
finde the jieople here of that Ruggfnl humour, that I can finde 



281 



no pson that will inako it their busines for any Reward iin- 
lesse they should aecidentally take them. 1 Doe not Doubt 
but my (^o/en (Calvert and Darnell will themselves by these 
Shipps give yo!' LolT a particuler aeeompt of their Care in this 
affavre, and if I ean for any gratuity whatsoever procure any 
such shall Carefully send them to yo'' Lo!!' by some of these 
Shipps. 

J have also Keceived a coppy of tlu; Receipt yo"" Lo!£ gave 
to Capt Cornwallis for Rent of ^ome land here, and doe 
humbly take notice thereof, and assure yo" Lo^l that nothing 
shalbe done here in that busines without yof Lo"?.' further 
ordi" Hollinsworth hath also by his owne hand Delivered me 
yo!' Ijo'!!!.' L!! in his behalfe, and since the faith of the Country 
is passed to the Indians in that afFayre I have referred him to 
the Assembly the busines not being to be done by me nor yo"' 
Lo^l^ Councill here I humbly conceive without their Consent. 

I finde that the lines of those lands layd out for yof Lo'^T 
by Mr White are not at all for yo'' LopI' advantage the good 
land being in most left out, neither were the Surveys pfected 
although they were Delivered into the office by Mf White, 
but I shall use my utmost Endeavour to have yo" Lo!! Right 
done you in that case, which when I have Effected ] shall 
send you a Coppy of the Record of them, I have already 
Resurvey'd yo!' LoPJI' Manno"' of Choptico and have throwen 
out many Intruders there, and shall take that Course for the 
future, that all yof Lof"!' Mannol! here shalbe Cleare according 
to former Instructions from yof LoL^. 

INI' Carew doth officiate at St. Maryes & so hath done since 
his comiug in, ct with A^ ffi)sters Consent, who is called away 
by Catholiques at patuxent, I Conceive the Catholiques of the 
Congregation at S' Maryes, are very cold in their Contribution 
to M!" Carew (who is so modest a gentlemau that I beleeve he 

36 



282 



novoi" (Icjiiandod any thing of 'em. wherefore I Conceive he 
gets little bnt what .small stipend his Patron allowes him, w"** 
I wish be well payd. I have offered him my service to speake 
to the C'atholiqnes about it, but lie wlioly refused it and seemes 
contented, yet I finde in Discourse with him a very greate 
inclination to Remove from his Patrons to the Ridge in Ann 
Arundell County, where he hath Reconciled some to the 
Cliurcli, and I beleeve lie ho[)es of a more advantageous 
(though not more honorable) Patronage there — bnt this as a 
secret ! 

Before \\"' Brookes died, he had a greate inclination tor a 
young A\oman here who is my servant to whom upon his 
Deathbed he gave 3000" of Tobacco, and SOO'.' of Tob to the 
Ciuu'ch, his Estate was very inconsiderable, and (after those 
Legacyes are payd) if their be any Overplus, when got in I 
shall Retorne it to yof U"^ for his Brother ; his Scale accord- 
ing to yo"' Lo'Z^ Comands I send by this shipping. 

The Duplicate of yo"^ Lo^i^ of the nintli of October I Re- 
ceived and Doe suppose that S' William Talbot will not come 
iicre without yo" Lo'!£' favour and Consent, for he is not so 
dull to thinke, that without that, it would be worth his time 
and trouble to undertake so long a voyadge. This ace* of 
S' W" Talbot from yof Lo^I' owne hand hath much startled 
many that knew him, who Could scarce have beleived it had 
it come another way. 

ffor the ])roffits of the place 1 have already ordered the col- 
lecting of them, and shall make a full Retorne of the produce 
of tluMu to yo"" Lo^i (I meane of what Can be Collected) this 
shij>j)ing but I feare the London shipps coming in so late this 
yeare, I shall finde it a hard matter to procure freight for all 
this shi])ping, but shall doe my utmost Endeavour, According 
to yo'' Jjo^T Comands I have sipnif\ed to those trentlenicn that 



283 



Si' William Talbots Comission is Revoaked by yo' LoET and he 
is not like to Come here any more, I Retorne yo!" I^olT 
thankes for Retorning me that uoate of the bills of Exchange 
which I have Received. 

The Duplicate of yo*" Lo^^r L!! of the 24'!' of October I Re- 
ceived, and doe not at all admire at Mf Henry Courseys in- 
formacon to yo!" Loll? about a boy one Thatcher a servant of 
mine, which savo" somewhat of his former kindncs and Car- 
riage to me, for had it laycn in his power to have Done me 
any mischeif I doe belccve he w'? have beene glad of nothing 
more then to have P^tfected it for my owne pt I doe protest I 
never Troubled any serv? of mine or any other pson alwut 
Religion, and L Conceive Si" Joseph Williamson hath given 
yof L()£f satisfaction in that and that that was only a ly of 
Courseys raysing, for the lad he is of very little use tome, and 
if 8f Joseph Williamson pleases to take any Care for his pas- 
sage I shall send him to him, and be glad to pleasure a pson 
that may be so usefull to vol" LoET (and consequently to mc) in 
a tiirre greater matter, but I Conceive that when Sf" Josej)!! 
sees him he Mill misse of his P^xpectation, for I never found 
any Delight or satisfaction in him in that musicall point, for 
which M!" Courscy or his father have famed him to be so Ex- 
cellent at. I Doe Remember that I did write yof LoL^ about 
sending yo"" Ace' by Cap' Pery but did not, but since I hope 
yo!" Lo^ hath Received it for I have sent it by five or six 
se vera 1 1 opper t un i ty es . 

I should be heartily glad to hearc that the Controversy 
betweene his Royall highncs and yo"^ LoL'' about the Horekeele 
&c were Determined, and I assure yo!" Lol^T it would be very 
wellcome newes to many psons here who have a Desire to 
seate and Inhabite there, and yet arc unwilling to Remove 
their o;oods Servants and stocks uutill thcv ccrtcinlv know 



284 



inul'' whose Governm' they are like to be but howsomever in 
the iiieanc time T sliall Encoiirao^e all psons that I Can to seate 
there, ct Endeavo'' tlie ])''servation of" yo!' Interest there to the 
utmost of my po^\■er. 

J humbly thanke yo!" Lo£[' for those Expressions of favour 
and Kindncs to Doeto" Whai'ton, and have a('(|uainted him of 
them tor which he is very thankfull, and will write yo^ Lo'Z 
more at Large himself by these shij)ps, I have already built 
a Countrv house for summer time at Zachva, according; to the 
fashion of the building of this Country, but by what I have 
Done already I finde building here to be very Chargeable, and 
am lotli to bestoAv much more of it, least (though the place be 
so healthfull) wlicn I have Done Cis should not like it. I 
Retorne yo!" Ijo!!I! thankes for sending me in that warrant foi' 
Mr Allen, and shall punctually observe yo"" Lo'!£'' comands 
about yo' Manno" and Escheated lands, and from time to time 
shall give yo!" LoE? a pfect account of our pceedings therein, 
^v'''' I hope wilbe satisfactory to yo' LolE. I Rejoyce much 
that my ffrend Mf Charles ffortescu is so well Recoverd & 
likely to live, I Retorne yo' LoL'' my humble thankes for 
giving me satisfaction in it, for he is a pson that I have al waves 
had a greate Kindncs and Respect for. Yo' LoPJI' of the 10"' 
of November in the behalfe of my Cozen Darnell I Received, 
and have already taken Care for an Employm* for him, which 
I hope (when he is Capable to manage tt Execute himself) 
will pve very considerable to him, aud in the meane time finde 
him a sufficient competency to mainteine him, I humbly C^on- 
ceive yo' LoL'' and his father from his owne hand will Receive 
an account of my Care of him. 

Yo' Lo^I' of the 12'.*' of November in behalfe of Mr Ste- 
phen (loffe by his owiic imud I Received to whom for some 
time I gave Enterteinm' at my owne house and have advised 



28o 



him to an lionnest niun to live with this summer neare Zachiah 
that ho may be neare me, and withall I have jjiven him such 
advise and [)artieuler Cautions as I thouglit fit, and T shall 
aecordiuii' to yo!' Lo'!"!^ comands give you a ])ticuler account 
touching him, in a single Ll! only Relating to him, to which 
I Referre vol" Lo!l' for full satisfaction concerning him. 

Yo!" I^o"!^ of the 20? of November I Received, in which 
was Enclosed the noatc of the Tokens vol" IjoET was pleased to 
send me my wife and Cliildren, I have also Received the 
thinges themselves, as also my mothers picture which wilbe a 
great ( )rnament to my Parlo!" and though the Painter hath 
not tlone it for her advantage as yol" I^o!? ^vrites yet those 
thinges are much Esteemed here for all which Tokens of 
yo'" Ijo^L^ favo!" to me my wife and Children wee humbly Re- 
tornc yo"" LoL^ thankes. 

I have Received M^ Ogilbves Bookes but desire no more 
such p''sents, but shall answere yo'' Lo^I" Expectation to the 
Gentleman, since yo'' Lo™ A\rites me you conceive my hon(/ is 
Engaged, though such favo!" wilbe very Chargeable. 

I Retorne y'' Lo!£ my humble thankes for yo"" greate Care 
Charge & Trouble in procuring me that Sallary from the 
Com" of the Customes, and shall humbly submit to what 
yor Lo^l shall tliinke fit and gratefully accept of what 
yof Lo^ shall please to allow me out of it. The Scale which 
yo' Lo!f sent me is Excellently well Done, and I have Re- 
ceived it, and am much better satisfyed that it is in steele then 
if it had beene in silver, for it I Retorne yo"" Lo'I my humble 
thankes. 

The boy that yo" Lo{!l' designed for Cis is arived but hath a 
scall'd head, and though a little boy a greate Thcife, ^vhere- 
fore the scalld head makes him Dangerous, and his theiving 
quallity inconvenient if cured to be kept by me, so not to put 



286 



myself to that Trouble shall not Enterteine him, })iit Dispose 
of him som(nvhore neare me that I may have an Eye to him 
now cV: then that iiis mother when she desires it may have an 
aceoimt of iiim. 

I Retorne yor Lo'^' my most humble thankes for yo!" kinde 
Enterteinm' to Richard Keene and his wife, at my Request, 
who are very proud of the favo"" yof Lo^' halh showen them. 

Yof LoPP^ of the 2r'> of November on the behalfe of 
Mr Robert Dowglas I Received by his owne hand wliome at 
p^sent I Enterteine at my owne house, and Employ him to 
teach my Children and shall give him all E^ncourageni' that 
lyes in my power, shall Endeavour the promoting of a schoole 
here, and make him the Master in the meane time till he Can 
more advantageously Dispose of himself he shalbe wellcome 
where he is, but doubt he will not finde the people here so de- 
sirous of that benefit of Eiducating their Children in that na- 
ture as he might pbably Expect, for the Remotenes of the 
habitation of one pson from another, Avilbe a greate obstacle to 
a schoole in that way that I pceive yof Lo?? ariues at, and that 
would much Conduce to the ])ffit and advantage of the youth 
of this Province. 

Yo' Lo'!!!" of the 24'.'' of November I have Received and 
touching yol" Lo*'i!' Dnes here I am glad to heare from 
yof Lo'l' that you are so well satisfved with my Care in that 
affayre the last yeare, and be assured My Lord that the very 
best bills I shall Endeavo"" to retorne yo"" Lo^ either by Bris- 
toll or London, but all of Ijondon If I finde them good and 
likely to be payd and for what shalbe wanting yo'' Lo^^' shall 
not neede to fearc that I will put yor ho^'J further then Bris- 
toll. when I Did write to yo"" Lo'!i^ that I thought a tliird pt. 
of the ''r()ba{;co made here the last yeare would b(> left in the 
Conntry, wee had not then in the Majo' pt, of the sliips, but 



287 



afterwards there Came many more who I Conceive Carryed 
awa}' most of the Tobacco made last yeare of the Imposition 
of which I have already given yo"" Lo^ account and for what 
is left in the Country at any time, it is next to an impossibil- 
lity for me to give yo' ho^I an account but if any were left 
in the Country last yeare, it wilbe accounted and payd for this 
yeare, if it were good, and ke})t Avell & worth sending home. 

I Ketorne yol" Lo'^' humble thankes foi- yof great Civillity 
to Cap' Dtinch in making him yo'' Admirall here at uiy Re- 
quest, who is very thankfull and ])roud of that yo" favof and 
hath signified his gratefull acknowlcgem' thereof to me upon 
Severall occasions since his arivall here, I hope their was no 
incivillity from Capt Dunch to yof Lo'^T but only some little 
Difference betweene Mf Burke and him. 

I humbly thanke yo' Lo'^i' for giving jNl!' Arthur satisfiiction 
in his scru])le of my bill of Exchange of lOl payable to John 
Lucumb, I forgetting to advise him of it, but I shalbe more 
punctuall with j\l!' Arthur in those alfayres for the future, and 
shalby thcis shipps scud him a Receipt for it, w*^*" will assure 
him that I allow of the paym' thereof according to yo!" Lo''£^ 
comand. 

Touching that TOO Acres of land w'^^.'" I Desired yo!' ho^'Z' 
favof iu, it is since owned and an heir appeares who is in pos- 
session thereof, so that their is now no occasion to send an ac- 
count thereof to yo"" Lo'!!' but when any such liice occasion 
againe p'"scnts, I sliall send yo!" Lo'!i' a full and Ample account 
of anything tliat I intend to desire yof Lo^'i!" favoiu- to graunt 
me. 

My wile })'scnts her humble deauty to )or J^o'l' and is very 
sorry that the Squirells did not Come safe and that those that 
did had that misfortune, as for one to Escape and the other dy 



28S 



she will Endeavour the gettino- more this yoar(> and h()|K's that 
they (if she gets any) may have better sueeesse. 

I Did give Ml" Notley the trouble to Collect some dues of 
shipping in Patomeke River the last yeare but it was only 
when T was out of the way nor doe I conceive (he having so 
much busines of his owne) he would be willing to undertake 
it, l)ut if he could be jjswaded to it, I doubt not but he would 
so behave himself in it that he would give vo'" Lo'!i' a greate 
deale of satisfaction, and Ease me of a greate deale of Trouble. 
As for the Seizing of Winsor, Sencerfe & C^roscombe the last 
yeare for being Dutch built and tradcing with Dutch goods 1 
humbly Conceive the suspicions upon them were sufficiently 
Cleared at their tryall, and I Doubt not in the least that at 
their tryall their aj^peared no Reason for their seizure but only 
.Jealousy, and for M!' Notley s pt 1 am Confident he neither is 
nor would be Concerned in anything that should be p'^judicial 
to yo!' Lo'!i' or the Governm' here, and if any abuse have 
I)eene offered by them shipps it hath beene Conived and 
winked at by the officers of the Customc house where they 
have Cleared for they alwayes bring with them as authenticpie 
Testimonials, and Certiflficates from his Ma'!!' Customers 
Collecto''s & other officers as any Ijondoner that trades here. 

I shall C\)ntinue in Doeing what Service I can for yo!" Lo^J! 
touching the Horekeele in ordf to w"'' on the 19'?' of June last 
I issued out a proelamacon und! yo! LoPP' greate Scale declar- 
ing and affecting yo!" LoP£' Right to that place and Erected 
the same into a County, and Called it by the name of Worces- 
ter County, assuring the then Inliabitants there that if they 
would take out Patents from yo'" Lo^ and take the oath of 
fidelity they should have all favo' and proteccon and also fi>r 
a further Encouragem* to them, did Empower one Jenkins 
(whom I ordered to reside there) to take ])fe of their Rights to 



289 



land graimt warrants &c so that tliev miglit not be forced to 
travayle so farrc as St INIaryes for the Doein<>: thereof, and I 
having grauntcd the Indian Trade to one M!' Thomas clones a 
marchant here, and he alledging the most advantageous place 
for that was the Horekeele, & that that was yof Lo^J!^ right 
but kept from you by New Yorke, and he undertaking 
to Reduce it to yol' Lo^^^ obedience, I gave him a Comission 
to be a Capt. for the said County of Worcester, and to leavy 
men &c, and to march up thither aud take possession of that 
place for yo^ Lo^^E^ use, and Did associate with him one 
Cap' Paul Marsh of Somerset County. In Jones Comission 
for the Indian Trade their is a Clause incerted for his seizing 
auy Truck that lie should ketch any pson tradeing with w^'out 
lycense first obteincd for the same from y"" I^o'li' or L"" here, 
which is according to the Law of the Country. According to 
his Comon Jones goes up to the Horekeele with a party of 
men, and there after some small matter of Resistance, brings 
all there in subjection to yo^Lo'!!' and tooke the oath of fidel- 
lity to you, but in Jones JNIanaging this busines he Avas a little 
too Rough for he seized great quantityes of Truck for the 
Indian ^frade, w*^*" was designed for Trade with the Indians 
though he did nt>t ketch them tradeing with them, and used 
them a little severely at first by bindiug theui etc upon which 
were mauy Complaintes, and though I am well satisfyed 
Jones hath done yo!' Lo'!!' good Service in it and that their 
were many Reasons to be given for his Actings, yet severall 
psons here Exclaimed mucli of him, aiul hkkIc the busines 
seeme much fowler then it was I Conceive because he had his 
Comission from me and because I had somew' of a gratuity 
for his Cohion for Indian Trade, wherefore to give all psons 
satisfaction I in open Court tooke away and Cancelled Jones 
Coinon for Indian trade, and ordered liim to redeliver unto 

37 



290 



tlie Dutchmen all their goods he had i^eized of theirs w"^ lie 
accordiiiii'ly did, and now the place Requires nothing more 
then a Couiirmation of yo'' Lo^'j!" right to it, for it is now 
peaceably possessed in yol^ lio^'j!* Right, and SurNnn'd by virtu 
of yo'' JjO^^^ ord'.' for s(iverall of the Inhabitants of this 
Province, who yet seeme loth to Draw their Estates thither 
not Ocrteinly knowing who are to be their Masters, I humbly 
take notice of the Coiiion yo'' Lo^ gives me, and if nothing 
but force will doe, I shall then make use of it to the utmost 
ag' all such as shall withstand yo"" Lo^Z^ Just Right there 
howsoniever hope yo'' Lo^'J! will pciu'c a speedy End to be 
made w"' his Rovall highnes about it. Though as yet many 
have not gone out of Maryland and Virginea to Portroyall, 
and those that have w'!' ill suecesse Enough, yet aboundance 
Remove dayly from Barbadoes and other Islands thither, and 
although they have Removed theire Estates have yet forgot 
provisions, whereby they are all almost starved for want of 
Corne. 

As for the Magazine yof Lo^ seemes to Chide me for my 
neglect of it, the Assembly having taken such particular Care 
about it in the Act of 2^ a hh'.' cVr that Cap' Coop informed 
you 1 had sent for 20 Muskets by him 1 sent for fifty by 
him, but I thanke him he brought me none, I sent for 100 to 
M'' Xotleys Correspondent, in all I sent for 250, of which I 
have but 20 come in, and that was from Bristol, the Reason 
of the not coming of 'em in according to my ord' is the warrs 
and trouble at home, but doe assure yo!' Ijo'1' shall tixkv such 
Effectuall Care about it this yeare, th' yo!' Lo"l' shall have no 
Reason to Chide nor the Country to Com})laine of me. ffor 
the use of Carabines in this Country I understand not there- 
f tre shall sen<l for none without yo'' Lo'*i!^ positive ord!' 



291 



Touch ino; the fines and amereiani'.' here nivself & the Coun- 
(sill have p''suined to make use of them to Defray yo"" Charge 
at C>ourt times and Assemblyes, but now tliey eome to be so 
small, that wee cannot be trusted upon Creditt of them, and I 
am forced now to Knterteyne the Councill at my owne Charge 
at St. Johns. 

And Concerning all lands that are Escheated to yo'' Lol^' I 
have yearly sent to the Respective sherriifs for an Exact account 
but yet never could get any, this yeare I have sent out a strict 
comand to them for that purpose, I hope that will bring it, 
and as soone as I Receive it, I shall send it to yo"" Lo^* 

Yof I^o^' writes you would have all Patents Recorded 
before they passe the greate scale I Conceive that was a mis- 
take of yo'' Lo^Z^ Secretary, I humbly conceiving that it was 
yof LoP£^ Intentions, and meaning that all Patents should 
passe the greate Scale before they are Recorded, for I Conceive 
the Scale is necessary and Essential to the graunt, and that 
the graunt cannot in any way be perfected untill it hath 
passed the Scale, yet wee have beene forced to doe otherwayes 
here, that is after I had signed them, the Clerk(> to Record 
them, and then Deliver them to the Chancelo!" for the Chan- 
celct'' would not scale any Patent untill payd in money for the 
scale, and where one pson is able to procure money here, their 
is hundreds that Can procure none so that if wee should not 
have Recorded their Patents before sealed their would have 
beene such a Confusion in the Secretaryes office that it had 
never beene to have beene Righted againe, and truly I must 
needes acquaint yo' Lo^ that the Chancelo''s standing so Rig- 
orously ui)on his pay in money for the scale of Patents before 
he would scale them has not (mly hindered himself & the 
Secretary's office sufficiently but also many hundreds of peo- 
ple from taking uj) of land that otlici- wayes would have Done 



292 



it so that several 1 people at last have eome anion<>est them- 
selves to question his ffees, and alledge that it Avas never con- 
sented to in the Assembly as other ffees have beene, and 
therefore have no Reason to jiay 'em at all, whereas had he let 
them freely had their patents his ffees for the Seale would 
never have beene scrupled I humbly Desire yof Lo^J!' full 
ord's in this busines, that such a greivance as this is to the 
Country, and p'jndiee to yo^ Lo';^' in having yo'' Rents in- 
creased & Revenues inlarged may be quite throwne aside, and 
and that you Mall give ordf to the Chaneelo"^ accordingly, 
Yo?" T^iqPp^ orders about 4^ a hundred Acres for Escheated 
Lands to be gi-aunted from yo"' T^o'!? shalbe punctually 
observed. 

I am sorry to heare JNIrs Boughton lost her Tobacco in 
Capt Tully Avliich I hope she conceives not my fault but the 
misfortune of the times. 

ifor my Cozen Brookes importuning to be Discharged of 
the Councill, I Conceive it was only to get a confirmcon of the 
place I had then given him & now since yo' Lo'l' hath beene 
gratiously pleased to Confirme it I suppose he \v'.'' be very well 
Contented to serve yo"" Ijo'!!' as one of yo" Lo^f' Councill here 
provided he could but get off John Langfords 10' p ann but 
about this I conceive he will write yo'" Lo^!!^ more fully himself. 

The assembly hath beene pro rouged in Reguard of my not 
having any Comands fhmi yo'" Lo^i and the Speaker Mf Not- 
leys being sick, but when they sit I will take speciall care to 
doe my utmost in Complyance w*.*" yo'' Lo''j^' comands touching 
the passing & mending those Acts yo*" Lo»^' mentions in yo"" 
L!!. 

Touching those 3 h''^' of Tob : that were missing Cap' Tully 
hath given Caution that when ])aym' is made yo' Lo'^l' shall 
have satisfaction. I Retorn vo' Tjo'!!' thankes for vo' kindnes 



293 



to my Brother I.iO\v, and liojie he will doe his P^ndeavo"" to 
Deserve it from yo'' Lo^l' when oecasion p'^sents. My wife is 
yery glad the Dryed peaches came safe to yo"^ hand though not 
so good as the}' might have beene, had they beene p''serued by 
one that had more skill & Convenience. The season of the 
yearc is now late to pcure Tob. Especially good sweetesented, 
but if jiossible I can I will send yo"" Lo^' a hli*^, or w' I can 
pcure by some of these shipps. 

If my Lord Willoughby and S!" Peter Colleton doe come 
into Maryland (as yo'' Lol^L \\rites they intend) though I doe 
not P]xpe('t that lunio'' here) I shall endeavof to give them the 
hansomest Reception and Enterteinmf here Maryland can 
afford. Concerning INl!' Gerards I^and I have Employed a 
Surveyo" to Runne it over privately and am now satisfyed, 
that he holds Tenne or TavcIvc Thowsand acres more then his 
due and now assoone as Ever my busines is a little over, shall 
have it Justly surveyed, and Doe yo"" Lo^!^ and the said Gerard 
Right in it, and if possible send yo'' I^oEl! an account of it by 
one of the last shipps. 

I Retorne yo"" Lol!l! my humble thaukes fur the two hampers 
of wine yo"" Lo!!l! sent me, they prove Excellently good and 
come safe to hand without Damage. 

I have according to yo"" LiO^yj comands put the g(jod men 
in minde of the Anniversary dayes yo" Lo£H would have ob- 
served here, and of their adding my sister Blackestones name 
to them, who doe all assure me they ^vill take all Care imag- 
inable in observing yo' Lo?E' comands therein. Concerning 
those ffees sent in by ^NI"" T^anghorne for the Chancelo'' F did 
Conceive it wholy Related to the Chancelo" office and that he 
would have beene so Careful! in that matter, as to have given 
yo"" Lo!!l! a ])arti(Milar accompt wherein the Difficulty lay, but 
since he hath not 1 shall minde him of it, what I uncPstaud of 



294 

it, is this, that in the said list of ffees is thinges Charged 
there that are never made use of here, and many things left 
out tiiere that wee have dayly occasion for here, hut for those 
thinges that are necessary here the said Directions are very 
nuich wanting in this in that it does not distinguish how much 
in lOvery pticulcr is due to the Chancelo'' for the scale, the 
Rest belongs to the Secretarves office, where all the Records of 
that busincs arc kc})t and all writs Comissions Decrees ord? &c 
transcribed and >\ritten. As in the said list is alloAved for a 
Subpena ad Respondend 2^ now the (piere is how much for the 
making and Recording it, and how much for the scale, the 
Chancelo"" takes in all businesses that passe the seale, as much 
as if he writ them & kept the Records of them whereby it 
comes about that people gen''rally pay Double ifees in such 
Cases, Those that have beene acquainted with Chancery bus- 
incs in England alledo-e the IJ Chancelo'' takes nothing; for 
the seale of Chancery writt &c but that true it is when the 
Lord Chancelo!" pens the seale, on a certeine day his Secretary 
gives notice to the Clerkes and other officers of that Court to 
attend who have any such Cursory pcesse to passe the Seale, 
and they pay the Chancelo" Secretarves but C/ a peice for one 
writ with another, and the number of them that are so sealed 
at one opening makes it very advantageous to those Secretarves, 
and the Residue of the flPees for such writs, goes to the sev- 
erall officers of the (V)urt of Chancery, through whose hands 
they passe for this I humbly conceive yo"" Lo]^ may Receive 
full satisfaction from Ml" Langhorneand when yol" Lo!!£ sends 
me yol" ord' in that case, they shalbc fully observed, I only 
write this to yof Lo?£ the more fully that people may not pay 
twice for doeing tiieir busincs but that the Chancelo" tfee for 
Every writ in Chancery may be Duly setled, or else (that 
since wee sit here in a Double Capacity aswell Chancery 



295 

as Provincial ( o''.' ajid one Clerke serves tor botli busiiies, and 
wee try aswell Chancery as Provincial Co" busines at one 
sitting) the same seak' (which is the lesser Scale of the Prov- 
ince) that scales the Provincial \\ rits may also scale the Chan- 
cery writs, since one is as Cnrsorv as the other, and that only 
Patents l\u'dons or Speciall busines touching publi(|iic atf'ayres 
may ])asse inuV' the grcate Scale, but for this 1 humbly Re- 
serve it to yo'' Lo'!£.^ Directions by the next. 

Acci)rding to yo"" Lo"I" comands about Coll Carters Land I 
have searched fully into it, and lindc that it is not Escheated, 
but that the Kent tor the same (with that he p'' yo' Lo^!£ in 
England) is fully pd to this last yeare, 

I will endeavo'' my utmost in psAvading the London Mas- 
ters to take into their severall Sliipps Billets as yo!' Lo!!li De- 
sires, and hope to give yo'^' Lol!ll satisfaction tiiercin. I am 
very g-lad to understand from vo!" Lo'*'' the Black walhiut 
planke has made so noble a shovell board Table. I shall 
Continue the same Care in taking security here for all 
paym'' of bills of Exchange to yo"" Lo?J'^ and shall Endeavo'' 
yo"" Lo?P^ satisfaction herein according to Direction, and take 
foure l)ills, three of which I shall send to yo'' Lol'i! accom- 
panyd with L^!! of advise and the fourth keept here, I shall 
also send double Coppyes of all bonds for fearc of a miscar- 
riage, and also of the Account of the Tobacco Ex})orted, 
which shalbc sent to yo'' Lol!i! tor yo"" Delivery thereof to the 
Li^ Com''.' & Com''' of the Treasury. Assoone as 1 can get 
Augustin Harman Downe here shall get him to ])fcct liis 
Mapp and in(H'rt yof Lo'Ili' Manno""' in it accH)rding to 
yo!" ord' I have Received the bounds of Choptico Mannof and 
have since Resurveyed it with some additions according to yo' 
Lo?£' ord'' with a Reserve, and of the Certitticate of Survey 
shall send you a Coppy by the last shipjjs. 



296 



That h'"'' of vines yo'' LoE£ tooko so nuich Care to send in 
tlic last yeare by Capt Tally for want of Care in a timely 
Delivery are all perrished and not one of them come u\) for 
which I am heartily sorry, having had greate hopes that if 
they had beene pnt into the ground in time here, that the 
soyle would have so well agreed with them that in a short 
time they woiikl have Come to a greate pfeceon here, and that 
r might have beene able in some few yeares out of their pro- 
duce to have sent yo' Lo??. a glasse of wine of the growth of 
this Province. 

I Retornc yo!' Lo"^ thankes for pcuring Cap* Coojier and 
Cap' Duuch the favo"' of a protcccon & also the liberty of 
wearing the Kings Jack. I also humbly thanke yo!" LoEE for 
yo"" Civillity to M''^ Wyan but somp Reporte here have buzzed 
abroad that my Letter procured her nothing, but what helpes 
she had in England it was by meanes of some Letters of the 
Chancelo" Lady to some frends of hers there, who had assisted 
her, I have ac(piainted her husband. also of yo" Lo^^i^ Civillity 
and Kindiies to her, who seemes very thankfull to yc/ 
Lo^ for the same. Concerning that L? from his Ma'^ about 
Thatchers sonne, I shall take notice of it wlien come to hand 
as yo"" Lo'IL Directs. 

I am certeinly informed of the Arivall of (me Man of 
warre in \"irginia called the Barnaby, and when the ord's. 
come to hand, they shalbc punctually observed, I hope Majo"' 
Gen^all Smith will have as little successe in that busines as 
the former Agent Coll Morrison, and spend their moneys 
with as little satisfaction to his Employers which wilbe for 
yo' Lo^^ Interest here. And for the graunting of his Ma*'f* 
Kents in Virginia to the Lords Arlington and Culpepper, wee 
have heard as yet nothing of it here, but suppose the news 
wilbe vcrv unwellcomc to Sf AV^'" Barkelev. Those two acts 



297 



yof Lof;£ sent I Rec'd, and shall Deliver a C()p})y of Each 
to the Chancelo"" according to yof Lo^l^ ordf 

Also I Received the Case of Mf Henry Scarborough stated, 
and also a Coppy thereof from his Attorney here, and when 
they make their addresses in ord"" to the psecution of it, they 
shall have all Right & Justice Done them, for I am well sat- 
isfyed Mf Scarborough hath had mucli wrong done him, of 
which the Chancclo'" I suppose is sufficiently sensible, and I 
conceive INl!" Scarborough did very wisely in making the 
Chancelo'' a Defend? for some Reasons (w"'' I will comunicate 
to yo'' Lo'^ in another L!! of my owne writing) I will not 
meddle with anything as to Discourse with the Chancelo'' 
about that aifayre but shall wholy referre it to the Court and 
then fully pursue yof Lo'll" Directions. 

Ifor th' 25'.' yo"" Lo^ is pleased to orcP me to pay unto the 
Coll out of the proffits of the Secretaryes place this ycare, I 
have already owned yo"^ Lo''Z^ ord"" to him, and shall accord- 
ingly make Convenient paym* thereof to his Motlier, to whom 
he hath Desired me to pay the same, and truly my Lord I am 
very glad of the opptunity for she very much wants it, and I 
never knew him assist her in any thing of this nature before. 

I have already acquainted my Cozen Brookes of yo"" LolH* 
ord? for the setling of a Court of Infiuiry about P]schcated 
Lands of which I have Desired him to take notice, and shall 
use the utmost of my Endeavour that yo'" Lof!£ may have a 
satisfactory account given you in that aft'ayre. M'' Abbington 
hath since his coming in likewise made his Complaint to me 
touching that servant, and hath so farre satisfyed me that I 
am apt to beleive he may have had m rong Done him, though 
he hath still liad here the Repute of a pritty severe Master. 

As to what yof Ijo^£ is pleased to write about ^P ffbster and 
M' Warren, at that time my I^ord they both seemed to take 

38 



298 



it very unkindly that yo" IjO^I should Extend yo"^ favo" to 
others that were not come in more then t(j them Considering 
they had beene here so long, and therefore I did Endcavo" to 
give thom En(!Ouragem' that yof I^olT \vould Doubtlesse con- 
ferre the same favour upon them Avhich was all that I gave 
them, and now since yo"' Lolll hath confirmed them those 
dubious words of mine they both seeme to acknowledge 
yo' JjO^I^ favo" and kindnes to them in a very high manner, 
and when this paym* does Comence to them, I shall observe 
yo' Lol' comands & stop the Corue. 

That Act of Assembly that provides freight for yo"" LoL'' is 
yet in force, and by virtu of the same I doe Demand pportion- 
ablc freight in the Respective shipps for yo'' Lo^^ goods and 
doubt not of pouring sufficient to give yo'' Lo^ satisfaction. 

ffbr such U^ as come to me under Covert from yoy Lo^ for 
other psons I have constantly taken such care for the speedy 
Delivery of 'em as this Country affbrdcs, which is to send 
them by the first Conveniency of one that lives neare them, 
w"'' if such a Conveniency does not imediately p''sent, or the 
pson by whom I send them prove Careles it is no fault of 
mine here being no post office or way as yet contrived in this 
Province for the speedy Dispatch of the same. 

Yof LoPJ:'^ of tlie 25"' of November 1 Received as also all 
those warrants that yo' Lolf mentioncs therein ^vllich I will 
safely Deliver to the psons that arc therein concerned. And 
for that warrant yo"" LolE is gratiously pleased to graunt unto 
Docto"' Wliarton, I Retorne yor Lo'!l^ my humble thankes, and 
shall take Care tiie land slialbe s(>iz;ed for yo"" Ijo^Z^ use by the 
sheritf of the County, and for the j)ayin' of the money I wilbe 
his security and ord' yof Lo^ the money and for M'' Play dells 
ffee I will take Care it be retorned him before I Deliver the 
warrants acc(»rding to Direction. 



299 

As for yo"" Lo^I' favo"" to jVI"" Whito it shalbo taken notice 
of, and onV shalbo given to Ridgely to Keeord it according to 
yo' Lol' comands, so that M!" White shall findc wee dot liim 
Right here, and if any otlier he in the like natin-e thev must 
Ruini the Hazard of wliat will Ensue, but those that I Either 
know or Can heare of that are in the same condition I shall 
give tliem notice liow to have it llemedyed (vizt) by yo"" Lo1£° 
Dispensation. 

And as for Alanson if lie have had any injniy by any Sur- 
vey if wee can any way hnde it he shall fully Receive the 
benefit of yo"" LoP£* favo!" 

The Comission and scale for Judge for ]>robate of wills &c 
I Received and Delivered according to yo"" Lo""!" ord'' but 
touching this in one of my owne hand to yo"" Lo'H' I shall Dis- 
course more fully. 

Concerning that favo!" yo^ Lol' intends to bestow on the 
widdow and Orphans of Bartholomew Coates Deceased this 
warrant is of no use, and S!" M"J Talbot did mistake the Case, 
w''' truly is thus — 500 Acres of land in possession of Chand- 
ler, and pt of Oversee's Land lyeing in Portobacco Creeke 
over against M" flPookes Escheates to yo"" Lo^ Bartholomew 
Coates upon Confidence of yo5 Lo'!£Mavo!" built and Cleared 
upon it and I gave him an ord"^ to the Surveyo"" to Resurvey it 
according to the auntient bounds, that so knowing what it (^m- 
teyned might ascerteine his Reiiuest to yo"" Lo'^. It appeares 
by the Certifficate of Resurvey to be five hundred and fifty 
acres, a co])])y of w'*' I send yo' LoL^ It is all the Estate he 
hath left to his wife and Children, which 1 hoju' yo!"Lo'L'' (they 
having beene Servants to yo'' family) will graciously confirme 
to them, so that the liounds of the Land must be specefyed in 
the warrant, and it having beene already survey'd and 
Escheated a Comon warrant will not sei-vc, but their nuist be 



300 

a sj)e<^iall Recitall of the Escheate and bounds and then 
a C'omand from yof Iio!lE to cause a Patent of Confirniaajn to 
be here passed. Assoone as the severall sherriffs lletornes nie 
their account of Escheated Lauds I shall send yo"" IjO*:!; a 
fayre list of them, with their names, place where they ly, 
quantity of Acres, goodnes of tlie Soyle &c and then I ho]>e 
yo"" LoPj; will answere my Aunt Peaselyes Expectation, 

Yo!' Lo''J!' of the 26'."' of November I Received, and I doe 
humbly Retorue yof Loll^ thankes for yo"" great Care and 
Charge in pcuriug me that Sallary from the I^ords Com? of 
the Treasury, and I shall use my utmost skill and Endeavof to 
Com})ly with their ho^E! Directions, and I shall in obedience 
to yo"" LolL^ comands appointe a person to Receive it but 
shall humbly Desire yo!" Lo^Z' assistance in the procuring 
payni' thereof, for w*out yo' LoT favo"" in following it there 
I have very little hopes in pcuring it. I have Received 
Ij'T from the Comissioners of the Treasury w"'' are to one and 
the same Eifect as theirs to yo"" Lo!! was the last yeare. I 
shall send to yo"" Lo!E by this Conveniency the lustrum' you 
Comand Executed here as yo' Lo!f Directs, and also a partic- 
uler T/* from myself to the Comissioners und' my o\vne hand 
to pay it to yo!" ]jo!2' or yof ord' 

Touching the supposed mistake in my last yeares account 
this is humbly to Certefy yo"" Lo!£ that their was no mistake 
for it is true that their was arived 87 sliipps, but at that time 
there was Cleared but 81, thost' wliic^h Avere not C'leared then 
are to be allowed this yeare as yo5 Lol^ by the account Currant 
herew'.** scut will see. I shall Endeavour to give the Ijords 
Com" all iuiaginable satisfaction that can be according to 
yof Lo^il* comands, and make my account pfect and full both 
as to the Poi'ts they come from, and are bouud to. 



301 



I have Received that Dispensation of his Ma'.'?* and shall 
carefully observe the Com" ordr about it, of vv"'' I Received 
the Duplicate aswell as the Origiuall. 

Yo' \a)^T of the 2'* of December in the behalfe of Cap' Bur- 
ges by his owne hand I Received, and am very well satisfyed 
that he hath given yo' Lo!!? assurance of his obedience and 
Complyance Avith yo"" Lo^ for the future. I hope he ^vill per- 
forme his pmise in the same to yo'' Lo'''', and the more to urge 
him thereunto I shall give him all Encouragem' accordingly. 

Yoy LoPl' of the lY of December by Cap' Connoway I Re- 
ceived and accordingly thanked him for the Delivery of those 
things so Carefully and have assured him of all Encouragem' 
here, and to Countenance and serve him here in any Just 
thing that lyes in my power, which I doubt not but he will 
very well Deserve and gratefully acknowledge. 

Yo' Lo^I' also of the 4"' of December I. Received, together 
with the Books and Materialls for the Secretaryes office, and 
also the noate of the particular prizes of them all, and shall 
take Care according to yo'' Lo^Z^ Comands that yo'' I^oll! be 
Reimbursed out of the proffits of the Secretaryes office for 
tliose tliat are for that use, and for the Rest shalbe yo'' Lo^* 
faithfull facto!- 

I humbly Retorne yo!- Lo!! thankes for making good what 
was omitted by me in ord"" to the hogshead of Tobacco I sent 
Mr I^anghoruc, and Doe allow of what yo"" Lo'lE payd for the 
freight and Custome thereof because Desired by Mr Lang- 
horne, and shall rc|)ay the same to yo!' Ijo'1'. 

I shall also in obedience to yo!' Lol" coiiiands, write to the 
Earle of shaftsbury and ni}' Lord high Treasunu' in which I 
shall Retorne them my humble acknowledgem'" foi- their 
noble fiivo'"* which Letters written with my owne hand I shall 
send unto yo!" Lo^l' with Dyeing seales. 1 also Re(!eived the 



302 



noate of Directions for the sevcrall superscriptions, and in my 
Ll! to the Lord Treasurer, shall signify an account of the Tob. 
that is Exported, But as to the monethly satisfactory account 
this yeare, the 1/1 Came so lat(> to hand that it is im])ossible 
for me to doe it now, but the next yeare god willing shall 
Comply fully with their I^olT" Desires and in my Letters to 
them shall intimate so much. 

The Two (liests and the Keyes to them I have Received, 
as also the Acts of Parliam', and his Ma"."' ord!" of Dispensa- 
tion dated the 10"' of May 1G72, also I have Received 
Twelve Drumheads and lines to them and the scantlings of 
Blackwallnut, w"'' scantlings came so late to my hand, that by 
theis shi])ps I cannot send tliem to yo^ Lo'JI! but by the next 
shall use my utmost Endeavof to fullfill yo^ luO^E.^ Comands in 
the same. As for Ml" Lewellen in whose behalfe yo'' LolE 
writes to me, he is already Employed by M!" Notley so will 
need no assistance or favo"" from me, but if he should have oc- 
casion shalbe Ready to doe liim what Kindnes I can. As for 
Ellis he is at p'"sent Employed by me, he is married here, and 
when it lyes in my power to show him any favo!' I shalbe 
Ready for his fathei's sake. And as for M"" Chilcot of Ann 
Arundell County, I cannot in liono'' make him sheriff of that 
County, for the gentleman that now is in that office, hath so 
honnestly and hansomely behaved himself, that it would 
seeme very unhansome in me at p'"sent to Remove him, but if 
it in any other way ly in my power to serve AL Chilcot, when 
he comes to bring yo"^ LoT Ll! of Recomendation, I shall 
serve him in that way, that he shall owne yo!" IjO^^ favo*" & 
kindnes in Recomending him. 

Yd"" Iio';[;^' oi' the It)".' of December J^eceived, together with 
those papers yo"^ Lo'^l' mentions Enclosed therein and shall 
piinctually oliserve yo' Lo'!£' Directions in Rclaccm to the 



303 



Com? of the Customc house, and shall also from time to time 
send to yo"" Loll! coppycs of all such Li" as shall come to me 
from his MaV' Com^ of the treasury, or others as I shall 
Judge Convenient to be sent to vol" LolE and as yo"" Lo^i 
desires. 

Sr llichard Belin«;s IJI is belialfe of M!" (jloujih 1 liave re- 
ceived, and shall Retorne him an answere giving him therein 
an account both of the Gentleman and his Cargoc, which if he 
husbands according to the advice and Cautions I have given 
him, I doubt not but it wilbe both for his owne advantage & 
for the satisfaction of his frends and Relations. 1 should be 
very glad for M!" Whites sake that the match betweene his 
Royall highnes and the Arch Dutchesse of Jusprugh may goe 
forward because he writ me word that he is in hopes of some 
Employm' there. 

As for that informacon of Thurstons to yo"" Lol2' touching 
that tract of land at the head of Gunn powder River al)ove 
the falls there (if it prove true) I shall Reserve two Manno" 
there for yof Lolf and shall give him and his son a graunt or 
graunts for what they shall Duly prove Rights for according 
to yo"^ r^o'f.^ conditions of plantation. 

Aiid as for that informcon of that lyeing fellow Thurston 
about Hattons land I humbly conceive it is already answered 
in that I writ yo"^ I^o"^ already that their is an heire to it, who 
is now in possession thereof, and for the shcrilfs selling it J 
never gave any ord"^ to that Effect, indeed Tliurston was with 
me about it, but I Doubting their was an heire, and under- 
standing something to that Effect, did doe nothing in it but 
told him if none such appeared he should have it for 17000'' 
of Tob, by which it may appeare to yo'' JjO^I it was not sold 
to any other. I Received a coppy of a particuler of all yo' 
Lo'T Dispatches with a second bill of Lading as also the 



:^04 



same from Ml" Burke, ffor tliose Li' to the Lord Chancelo' 
and Treasurer, I have already signifyed to yo' Lo^jl they 
shalbe written in my owne hand according to yo"" LoPf.' Com- 
ands, and for Thatcher in the begining of this L!! have fully 
answered that. 

Yo' Lo^L' last of the 10"" of January I Received, together 
witli those Duplicates & other papers yo"" Lo!! Enclosed 
therein ; I have informed M" Massey of the miscarriage of his 
Letters from his trends for the which he is very sorry. I Re- 
torne yo"" Lo'!£ my humble thankos for yo!" greate Care and 
Trouble in pouring my sallary from the Comissioners of the 
Treasury, which I hope yol" Lo'!!£ will Continue from time to 
time in the getting of it into yo"" hands. 

According to yo?' Lo^l^ comands concerning the Horekeele 
I shall Endeavo'' to give all due Encouragem' to all psons 
that will seate there, untill busines be Decided betweene yo" 
Lo!f and his Royall highnes w"'' I hope yo" LoE£ will En- 
deavo" speedily to Effect, since it is so much for yo" IjoPI' 
Interest. 

Concerning Young and Tullyes bills I have already I hum- 
bly conceive given yo" Lo!!? a sufficient answere, and for the 
future I shall observe yo" Ijo££' Directions in ord" to the Draw- 
ing of the Bills of Exchange, but for the Letters of Advice 
they will and must doe that as they thinke Convenient, 
for in their L!! of Advice the Masters gives their Mar- 
chants Advice, that it is for the Dutyes of the ship &c 
upon which the Marcliant paves it, when pchance if the 
Master drawes it generall, and without such advise, that is 
for the Dues of the shij), the Masters bill will certeinly 
be protested, by the Marcliant who hath no Reason to pay 
him any thing but iiis wages, and what he Plxpends upon 



305 



the ship and so conceive yor Lo!!£' best Remedy in a bad 
matter wilbe to sue the security liere. 

Yf Lops most dutifull 
2^ June 1673. & Obedient son 

Charj.es Cai.vkkt 



No. 17. 

PART OF A LETTER-BOOK OF GOVERNOR 
CHARLES CALVERT. 

that y?. gett li^ from him and my Cosen Cojiley as often as 
you can that I & my wife may haue the comfort of hearing 
from them by the first Shipps next yeare, as to the moneys you 
mention my Cosen Copley had, I allow of it ; The Allowance, 
as you signifie, is somewhat high, and may be wonder'd at, 
but in that I cannot as yett help my selfe, & Provided my 
Child do well I shall think the lesse of it ; you did well to 
charge Cis to write to you often and pray putt him in mind 
of his promisse in that particular. You signifie that doctor 
Walgraue and severall other familys are gon for france & 
Islanders, and that if my Children want any Phisick M"'. Nel- 
son hast assured you he will procure an able Phisitian for 
them ; for w"'' I thank you and for the good news of my Chil- 
drens health at Chelsy, & son Benedict at Hammersmith & 
that he is (as you write) as lusty and brauo a Cliild as any in 
Middlesex. 

I wish my wife had acquainted you afore slie left England 
what necessaryes she had provided for my Children at Chelsy 
& HamnKU'smith, that there might not iiaue been such a noise 
of Complaints as you write there hath been in that particular ; 

39 



306 



l)iit I hope y' care w'"" my order to Brother Nick Lowe will be 
sufficient for the future, and that all partys will haue no more 
cause to apprehend a want for any thing necessary for my 
Children : and besides my order w"*" I sent you some time 
since for my Brother Lowe to supply, I also sent Bills of Exc. 
to M!" Barnaby Dunck & desired his eye over my Children to 
see if all things Avere coniplyed witli by Nick Lowe : herewith 
I send you an ace' of what Bills of Exc. and other moneys I 
orderd into my Brother Lowes hands, there to lye for sup])ly- 
ing all occationes in relation to my Children and my other 
Concernes ; so that I suppose I did all that was needful 1. 
Just now comes the Mate of one Capt Canham, and brings 
me Ires from severall persons ; with the mate came one 
Mr JesfVie Fleetwood who likewise has deliver'd me severall 
Ires from y!" selfe my Cosen Mary darnall and other persons ; 
the dates of >" that came by the mate & Fleetwood are as 
followeth, 4'.'? of Jan^ G'.!" of Feb. 7'" 11'!' 17. & 30* of March, 
being six in all, by these Ires I am sufficiently made sensible 
how kind and carefull you haue been of my Children & Con- 
cernes and do assure you it is a great satisfaction to me and 
my wife to vnd'stand by all Ires from you and our other 
freinds that our Children were well and such care taken of 
them as doth sufficiently satisiie vs & th' they Avill not want 
any thing requisit for them to haue. 

I will now giue some short answer to these last Ires I rec** 
from you, tlie Comand'' of the York Merch' Capt Christoph'' 
Evelin being ready for sailing, I received the Ires and other 
things you sent by Roddy, Partis, & Groome w"^ you make 
mentione in y" of the 4"" of Januf I haue received M' Black- 
tiuvatcs li^ w'^l' you mention in y" of the ()'!' of Feb.' and am 
glad M' Wyse was Avell and that severall persons besides D. 
Arthur was out vpon Baile — Yf Ire of the 7"" of March 



307 



maketh mention that Arthui- had ree*? Covell's Bill, as for my 
note due to Bar. diinck I haiie orderd him ])aym' out of the 
Bill of Exc" for the Charles Walter duneh Comandl" it is good 
newes to me that y° appear'd vpon the Exchange, and I hope 
God will protect you and all that are innocent from the malice 
of wicked persons, my wife and 1 am very very well satisfied 
that my Cosen darnall will trouble her selfe in seeing neees- 
sarys bought for my Children, and assist you in that aifaire, 
you did well to pay y"' respects to S.^ Clement Armiger, As for 
the Buttler's Annuity it must be ])'' out of the Yorkeshyre 
estate, for though I orderd my Sister fine hundred pounds out 
of that P^state, yet with this reserue that those should be 
allowed out of it likewise, and so much you must acquaint 
Mr Alliband and my vncle Weld. As to your concerne and 
that of M''^ Rawlins I will drawne on Mf Barnaby dunch tor 
you both ; and am resolved to giue Order to my new Attor- 
neys to lett my howse, for since persons of the Romish per- 
swasion are not to be permitted to be in Loud" it will not be 
convenient for me to kee))e that howse any longer. My Bro- 
ther Henry Lowe hath not write though you mention that he 
was in Towne. by y'' Ire of the 11"' of March I vnd'stand 
that there has been greate trouble about a Gowne for my wifes 
daughter Jenny ; and that you were Blam'd by some of my 
wifes Relatives, but 1 shall take care to cleere you in that or 
any thing else they may take vnkindly from you. My wife 
and I think as you do about the weaning of our son Benedict 
Leo. and that till he Ikur' some teeth it will not be safe, but 
if the nurse should prone with Child, then oui- son ought to 
be wean'd out of hand, and I find yon liane taken care it shall 
be don in such case, w"^ was well thought of and 1 thank you 
kindly for the charge you gaue the nurse therein. You signifie 
that my Irish i-cnt has not been paid i)n( 1 li(»|)c care will be 



308 



taken bv my Attorneys in it wlicn it may be convenient to 
sue Morris & Cleyborn for it. As to Jn" the Coachman he 
must be disniist & ou^lit to haue been vpon his quitting my 
son's services, order shall be given to my Brother liow to pay 
hiiH (tf his waiics. I ;uu glad to viid'stand that M" Bayard 
her sister Dell Joynes tt her husband haue been carefull of all 
matters eoniitted to theire charge w"^ I will take care to requite 
them for, w'^'' y"" Ire of the ll"" of March I rece*! a copy of an 
ace' w"'' you w rite, my Cosen Copley gaue you ; amounting 
to 80' : 10" : Oo'^ as you made it, my Brother Nick low I hope 
hast satisfied it according to my order to him In your Ire of 
the 17'!' of ^Tarch I find that my wifes Brothers had caused 
10' or 12' pounds to be layd out in cloths for the Children 
without acquainting any of my Attorneys but I suppose for 
the future ther(» will be a better vnderstanding amongst those 
I haue im])lovcd to assist you in the care of my Children both 
I and my wife snpposeing there was no such greate cause of 
complaint as was pictended. 

I will in my Ires to my Brother Nick Lowe excuse your 
not letting of him know where my son Cis was lodged ; As 
to the barrel 1 of Tol) : you mentioned brought by (Jroome I 
freely bestow it on you to make Avhat you can of it. I am 
somcw hat troubled to understand that my Cosen Smithson had 
\)^ l)ut one hundred pounds to my Sister out of my York- 
shire rentt and that as he writt word there would be so much 
money layd out in building a mannor howse att Danby & in 
repaireing some othei- Tenants howses there which will be lost 
to me if 1 should be cast by S.": W" Blackston Your last li^ 
being the .'>()'.'' of March giues me the welcome news of my 
Childrens healths and ])articularly of little Cis and was glad 
to see the Ire he writt to you the lix' being not dated, but as 
you concciue was to haue borne date the 25''' of March, I am 



:3()9 



iicTV triad to vndcrstand that M'' Wysc is well and tliat you 
ho])e he will continue so and that he lias reeeiued moneys for 
the Tob : I left in his hands 1 am glad you ae(iuaint(d M' 
Wyse of the part I hold in the C^ecelius and by that meanes 
caused a stoj) to be made ol any paym' for fraiiiht which you 
siguifie was demanded of Mr Wyse. As to the Ladies con- 
eerne I will take care it shall be made good to her. You 
signifie tliat my ires by the I^owe were not come to your hands 
whicli I wonder much att, for by Cap' Oswould AVHieately I 
sent a j)acketi vnder couer to Ml' Daniell Arthur, which I de- 
sired tlie master to deliuer to Mr George C^ornish, who I 
vndcrstood was to meete him att the Isle of Wight, but if 
Mr Cornish came not there I then suppose the master might 
deliuer my packett of Ires to a passenger that went in his ship, 
who had beene boatswaine of the Charles, wlien I came ouer, 
and if that person had them I hope he would be carefull to 
deliuer them. I am glad my vncle Wild came of weW before 
the Lords, but am sorry he is not one of the new parliam' I 
vnderstand Collf Spencer is Secretary of A'^irgi^ and about 
four or fine dayes since did congratulate him the new 
honour he had thereby receiu!* from his Ma'!" ; this being 
all att p'sent I haue leisure to write only to assure you that by 
all opportunities you shall hcare from me, and the same I de- 
sire from you, and that you will likewise mind my Attorneys 
(viz) M.' Nicholas Lowe M' Thomas (lilliert and M' Barnaby 
Dunck to Avrite by euery shipp and that you giue them notice 
when any shipp shall be ready to sayle and so I rest 
p Capt. Evelin Your nciy loueing Iricnd 

9'" July 1()7I). C B. 

Bills of Exa" on Barnaby Dunck payable to Rich!* Burk 
or ord!" for forty pounds sterling, being for his wages S: 
Annuity — 



310 

Maryland 10"' Jully 1679. 
Cosen Da run 11 

r liauc MOW to iiiuc you thanks for your souerall letters of 
those following' dates viz 2'.' January 6"' feb. & 16'.'? ditto 
3"? mareh 7"* & 26"' ditto by these letters you haue taken a 
great deale of trouble and |)aines in letting- me know in what 
Condition niv Children were in vuderstandino; from others as 
well as from your letters your great kindnesse towards them 
for whieh my wife and I returne you hearty thanks begging 
the Continuance of your (\ire and kindnesse towards them 
and that you'l please to write by all oportunities to vs as you 
haue donn I was very sorry to vndcsrstand of my Cosen your 
husbands Indisposition as Likewise for the great trouble he 
finds at present there I shall heerwith send him a supply of 
moneys as alsoe a small tocken of my kindnesse to your selfe 
which He desin; you will accept of from 

Your attec' Kinsman 
Deere Coosen C. B. 

To M'-^ Mary Darnall 
at the Lady Summersetts 
house neare heme Stile 

Li London 
p Capt" Eueling 

]()"■ July 1()79 

liills of Exe? on M' I^arnaby Dunck to pay vnto M' Phil- 
lij) darnall the sume of twenty pounds sterling and to take 
recei[)t for the s'.' sume ; first & seeond. 

10'" July 1679. 
liills on ditto payable to M" Mary Darnall lor Tenn 
pounds sterl first & second Bill, one p Evelin, other p 
Sheppard. 



311 

Maryland Jullv 10'.'' 1679 
Deere Sister 

I have received yours by Mf fleetwood and for your sake I 
shall shew him what kindnesse lies in my ])()Nver I writt to you 
by Capt" Oswold Wheatley but doe not vnderstand you haue 
received that letter therin I gaue you an aceompt of our 
ariuall and well being I was once resolued to haue seene you 
this summer but the death of M' Notley hath Caused such an 
alteration in affaires with me that I Canot possibly quitt the 
prouiuce this shipping wliich is noe small trouble to me this 
with my humble seruice to aunt Summersett is all I will 
trouble you with and therfore Conclude as I am 

Your most alfec' Bro. 

Deere Sister C. B. 

To Madam Ellizabeth Calnert 
In London 
p Capt? Eveling 

Maryland Jullv 10* 1679. 
M' Allibond 

I haue received yours of the 10"' feb, by M' fleetwood and 
was glad to vnderstand by him that you and your wite were 
well and at yt)ur house in London I had not received any 
from you vntill this by mf fleetwood you may be asshurcd I 
shall show the Gentleman what kindness I Can and wlierin 
Else I Can seme you 
You shall find nic — Your most aff. freind 

C. B. 

To M^ Richard Allibond 

In London. 



312 

Maryland Jully 10'" 1079. 
Good Brother 

I will now acknowledge the receipt as alsoe giue you 
thanks for those letters I haiic rece*? from you the last to 
which I haue not as yet giuen you an answere are of the dates 
following 22!!! feb. 25'!^ March the first of these you mention 
to haue sent me seuerall letters but I haue recevd but one 
more besides these I haue already mentioned ; I am glad to 
vnderstand you are soe well discharged from your old ac- 
(juaintance and knaue Bellamy your other letter of the 25'." of 
March mentiones that you had writt at large to me by the 
same Conueyance that it Came by, but I haue not receiued 
any such letter as yet you acknowledge the recept of mine of 
the 15"' feb. by a Lime Vessell and giue me to vnderstand 
that you had suplied my Children with some necessaries afore 
that request of mine came to your hands for w'=" both I and 
my wife most kindly thanke you and alsoe for what you 
wrote Concerning Mf Arthur hauing some time since sent 
directions for the drawing out what moneys I had in his 
hands As to your Concerne in your Brother Vins hands I 
haue donn what I durst doe betwixt two brothers and 
at last haue procured for you twenty six hoxeds of tobacco 
as by the Inclosed accompt yon will perceiue but I was Ci)n- 
tentcd to be disaj)})ointed my selfe rather then you should be 
any longer without some returns from him and of this you 
will be satisfied by the Inclosed letter whicli I received from 
him with the noties for the twenty six hoxeds; more 1 will 
P^ndeuor to procure for you the next shiping for you mav be 
assured I will be your faithfull solicitor herein, no\v Brother 
as to the Effects I haue already Consigned vnto you being as 
followeth, fii*st with my letter of the 5"' Marcii I sent you 
bills of Ex- amountiup; to the summ of 281'.. lY.. 0**. further in 



313 



my letter to you of the 25'?' Aprill I sent you two bills of 
Ex^ of Bodflys & Ellys for tlie summ of 166'.. .3'.. 4^ all 
which I hope will conic .safe to your hands, 1 alsoe sent you 
an order for M' Wise and Lombard to pay you the produce of 
tiic tobacos left in theire hands, and alsoe the Interest of wliat 
Cash I left with them being 2000'^ for which there was 5' p 
Cent to be j)aid me, I shall renew those orders and send them 
againe with this hauing lately vnderstood that the said Wise 
& Lombard banc sold the tobaccos to Mf William Dropc. I 
Lik('\vis(> am aduised that John the Coachman who waited on 
my son was sometime since dismissed from my sons seruice 
and tiiat notwithstanding his Avages ran on still, therefore vpon 
your recept heerof I desire and alsoe order you to pay him of 
his said wages which by agreement Avas 6' for the whole yeare, 
heerin pvny failc not. I haue thought Htt and pivsumd to 
(institute you my CV^sen Thomas Gilbert M'' Barnaby Dunck 
and my seruant Richard Burk my attorneys to act for me in 
Case of any law of suites or other businesse w''*' may hapj)cn 
before I see you, by vcrtue of whicli letter of Atturnev I 
must desire you with any two or three of my attnrncys to see 
my house Ictt that I banc in Southhampton building for as 
much as you can gett and when any Tenant presents to take 
Care that an accom])t be liad of all my things and a note of 
them all be taken by you <& Rich':' Burk, and the goods and 
things lodged in some place where you Ml" Dunck &Ric!']5urk 
shall think fitt, so they be carefully secured, herein (xood 
Brother pray failc not, and in particuhir to take Speciall care 
of my Trunck in my dressing Roome in w''!' are my deeds ct 
writings for all my Estate in Engl!' Ireland <\: Else where, 
this and the Ciiyq of my Children and that I may hcare 
often from you is all 1 will desire and trouble you with at 

40 



314 



this time with my very kind respects to my Sister I 
remaine 

Deere Brother Your affee* frend & Seru.' 

To M' Nicliolas Lowe C. B. 

merchant in Philpot Lane 

In London 

p Capt° Paneling 

post script 

Brother 

Vpon the remoiuill of the goods and other things in my 
house aboue Specified my wife your Sister earnestly entreats 
you that great Care may be taken of a great trunck w"'^ stands 
in lier Chamber betwixt the bedd and the Chimney there being 
in it seuerall bottles of Cordiall Waters and Likewise some 
flent glasses which will all be broke if not with great Care 
Carried away ; it is alsoe requested that as much Care be 
taken in the remouing my wifes best Chest of drawers and 
that an Exact accompt be taken of the things in them and 
lastly that my Scritoire in my dressing roome be Carefully 
remoued alsoe which is all at this time from 

Your Lo : Bro in Law 

p Capt" Eueling 

I send y" herewith a Bill of ^ 

Exc^ for Cap* Evelin's dutys drawne I 50^: 1 6': 04*? 
14 July 1079 on Tho. Griffith for the sume of i 

on Bro. N. Lowe in fauour Yours, 

of M" Jiawlins for fine pounds sterling C. B. 

Maryland Jully 15'MG79 
M" Byard. 

I am informed by my wife of your great Care and kind- 

nesse vnto my Children for which I kindly thanke you I alsoe 



315 



am aduised that you haue layd out in necessaries for my 

Children to the valhie of four pounds sterling or thereabouts 

which sume if it be not already allowed and paid you by my 

Brother Nick Lowe you may demaund it of him and alsoe the 

sume of fine pounds sterling which with the five pounds lent 

you by my wife at Chelsey will be tenn pounds which sume I 

intend you as a recompence for yo' Care and trouble about my 

Children and soe I rest 

Your Loueing freind 

To M? Byard at Chelsy C. B. 

neere London p Capt" 
Christopher Eueling. 

Maryland 15'.^ Jully 1679. 
Good Brother 

That which I haue written to M" Byard in the aboue letter 

to her I desire you will doe me the fauour to Comply with 

(viz) in relation to the mony aboue mentioned and Charge 

what }^ou pay vnto her to the accompt of — 

Your Lo : Bro : in Law 

To Mf Nicholas Lowe C : B : 

mer' in Philpot Lane 

In London. 

Maryland 14^:1 Jully 1679 
Dick Burk. 

I haue appointed my Bro : Nick Lowe Mf Thomas Gilbert 
M' Barnaby Dunck and your selfe to be my atturneys 
Reuoaking the former power I left w'/" Copley, Arthur, and 
Allibond and wheras I haue writ to my Brother Nick Lowe 
to Joyne with you and M' Duuck in the setting of my house 
yet if the times should be any thing more faueorable I would 
then haue you tell my brother from me that you & ho may 



316 



forhcaro lotting!: of it vntill my furthor orders to you and tli(> 
rest of" my atturneys by the first shipp from hence next fall 

I rest 

C. B. 

14!^ July 1679 
J>ri)thc'r Lowe 

I did by a former order as now J doe againe by this desire 
you to ]iay out moneys to My seruant Richard Burk for the 
occasions of my Children and alsoe to reimbourse the said 
Burk all such moneys as he had lay'd downe in necessaries 
for my Children afore that order of mine came to your hands, 
or since and that what moneys you pay him for the occasions 
aboue Specified you take perticular receipts from vnder his 
hand the which I desire you to keepe for 

Your affec Bro : in Law 
To M! Nicholas Loavc— C. B. 

In London. 

14^ July 1679 
M^ Dunck 

This goeth by Capt! Christopher Eueling and is the last 
opportunity T shall haue of sending to you vntill the returne 
of the shipping by C^apt" Sheppard (bmand' of the S' George 
who is yet in Pottomock, I Avritt you a letter dated the first 
of June & therein w'cre inclosed seuerall bills of Ex! for the 
sume of 1432'': 7': 2* the second bills for which suiues as alsoe 
a CV>ppy of that letter I send you heerwith ; I Likewise haue 
lieere Enclosed a letter of Atturney to your selfe Bro : Lowe, 
Mr Thomas Gilbert and Dick Burk for you to act in my be- 
liallc in Case of any Law of suits which may happen about 
any part of my Estate in England or Ireland or on anv other 



317 



occasion whatsoeuer, (Icsircing you as I haiie formerly doun to 
Enquire after my Children and to know of Dick Burk how 
they are furnished and supplied by my brother Lowe whome 
T hauc desired to su})ply thcire wants, he haueing moneys of 
mine in his hands to that pui'pose. Tliere was shiped on the 
Virg* factor Robert Jowlcs Comand!" tliirty fine hhds of 
tobacco on my accompt, and iifteene vpon Thomas Notlcys 
aecompt wlio is dead and I and Coll Rozier are Executors to 
his Estate soe tliat I desire those fifteene as well as the thirty 
iiue may l)e sould by you onely I desire that the accompt may 
be kept seuerally. I hauc drawne a bill of Ex'^ on you in 
fauor of Richard Burk for forty pounds ster. which when 
tendered pray (*om})ly with being- dated the lO'?" instant a bill 
drawne on you of the same date for tenn pounds paiable to 
M" ]Mary Darnall and one other of the like date for twenty 
pounds paiable to M!' Phillip Darnall all which I desire that 
you \\\\\ be pleased to satisfie according to theire seuerall 
tenours. And now I haue onely this to request that you will 
be pleased to buy for me the seuerall particulars sett doAvne in 
a memorandum heerwith sent you and that by the first and 
safest opportunity they may be sent to me and that you will 
be so kind as to write by all opportunities to — 
Mine and Avifes kind respects Your I^o : freind 

to mad"^ Dunck and the same C. B. 

to your brother 

14!!: July 1(579 
Cosen (iilbert 

I hope you will be so kind as to excuse the tn>ul)lc 1 hereby 
p'^sume to throw vpon you, and not onely this but likewise 
that you'll pardon me for nominateing you one of my Attor- 
neys w''"' I begg you'll i)lease to accept of your Relatione to 



318 



my wife and y' <!:reate kindnesse & Civilitys to me vpon all 
octsatioiios \\lien I was in England makes me thus bold with 
you ; Assureing you when it shall lye in my way to serue you 
I will as readily do it as any Relation or freind you haue : I 
haue herewith sent a Ire to the 1/ Anglesey and one to the 
Lord Tsaueonberge w"''' I begg you'll favour me to deliver 
w"" your owne hand, and putt theire Lord"!!' in mind of theire 
kindnesse they promised to shew me in my Absence and that 
I would haue returnd this shipping but haueing lost him that 
was my I^ieu* Gen' here and the greate Apprehensions of 
misehiefes from Forraine Indians w'^.'' the managem' of Affaires 
in Virginia hath drawne on vs oeeationes my stay vntill the 
next returne of shipping ; And if any thing relateing to my 
Province should be moved at the Councell for Forraine Plan- 
tationes that you ^vould please to appeare there for me and 
lett th" know the reason I returne not as I once resolved to 
haue don : S"" Rob' Southwell who is Cheife Secrr to the Lords 
for Plantatione affaires will acquaint you if any thing be 
moved at that board, to whome give my humble service ; and 
if you can when the other oeeationes will permitt it present 
my humble service to the Marquis of dorchester and Lord 
Craven and desire the continuance of theire Lopps. favour 
towards me you will herein highly oblige me whome you shall 
ever find gratefull for what civilitys and favours you think 
fitt to lay on 

deare Cosen Yr Affec' freind & serv' 

C. B. 

Copp\-s of Ires to M^ Barnaby Dunck from the 24".' of No- 
veml/ 1G71) to the of 1680. 

This is by a Beddiford vessell, named the beginning one 
Atkins Mr tfe being the first bound from these parts, I thought 



319 



it necessary to giiie y" notice of my receipt of yours of the 
7*? August with the enclosed ace? of Daniell Arthurs ballance 
w"? y? haue rec*! Cap? Phillipps, Oswold Wlieatly, young 
Edw? Paine and Cap* James Strong being arriued here from 
Lond? and now your Bro : Walter is dayly expected by whome 
I hope to receiue a further ace? from y? of the bills of Ex* I 
sent y? by Cap* Eueling Comand!" of the York Mercli', which 
were duplicatts and the second Bills to those which went w*?* 
Cap* Sheppard both w".'' Shipps I was informed by Strong 
were iust arriued in the Downes as he sett saile from thence. 
I and my wife hold our selues much obliged to y? for yo?' great 
kindnesse and Care of our Children as also of my concernes 
in yo"" hands for w".*" I will endeavour to make some suitable 
returne in any thing wherein I can serue y" and yo" By the 
first Lond? vessell I will giue y? an answer to yo" aboue 
menconed and hope to be able by Phillipps to consigne a small 
quantity of my Ridge tob : haueing an ambitione to send 
some in that lucky Shipp. Mine and my wafes kind respects 
to Mad* Dimck w*?* the same to yo!" selfe I rest 

Yo!" Loueing Friend 
Vast Cropps of Tob : made in 
virgr and this Province so that 

I do expect it will be a drugg ; its sayd that there is made 
this last Cropp in Virg"- as much as has beene in three yeares 
togeather and in Maryland the greatest Cropp that euer I 
heard of. 

Decemb' 30*!> 1679 
M' Dunck 

This goeth by Cap? Philli})ps who this day came from 
Arrundell into Patuxent River and only Stayeth for this Ire. 
On Christmas day your Brother Walter came into Patuxent 



320 



w'.'' the Charles and is now goin^i' nj) with her to Severne from 
whence is expected within three dayes the Lone Oswold 
Wlieately Comandr Yo" p yo!" Bro : AA^alter I hauc rec'! for 
which I kindly thank yP. and for the trouble y? haue in my 
Coneernes I haue not had any Leisure as yett to pervse any of 
yof Ires so as to be able to returne that answer which I intend 
to make by the next opportunity and shall only now desire 
y? to take nt)tice by this that if my h(nvse in Southampton 
Buildings be not lett out that it be ke])t vnlett and my goods 
to remaine therein haueino; chanixed mv resolucons touching 
my Children whome I no\v resolue shall Hue togeather there 
and to that end 1 am resolued to haue my Son Cecill sent for 
to towne hopeing by May to be with them my selfe. I am 
satisfied from severall hands of yo"" Care and kindnesse to 
them the which I j)ray continue towards them and also that 
y" will take Care with my other Attorneys that my Concerns 
noM' in Chancery may not suffer for want of good Couneell 
and such necessary disbursements on them as my Seruant 
Richard J^urke shall informe \° from A\home y'.' ^vill haue an 
ace' of what I can but in short now hint vnto y" being re- 
solued to enlarge in this and other matters when my Iiowse is 
Cleere from the Crowd of peo])le which this Christmas I haue 
with me. V>y the Crowne Malegoe I send y? tenn hh'^.' of my 
Kidge Tol) : which I desire y'' will lett goe with the rest to 
Holland where I hope for a good markett it being good bright 
Tol) : and Suitable to that place. Mine and my \vifes respects 
t(» yo' selfe and Mad" Dunck I take lieave in haste — 

Yo!" Trudy Loueing I'^-icud — 
I iiaue rec!* all the goods y." shij)t and 
sent me on the Charles with mv 
thankes for the same — 



321 

Feb. 13'" 1679 
Sf 

This serues Cheifly to advize y? that I haue drawne three 
bills of Exf all of one Tenor and date for thirty pounds three 
shillings sterling payable vnto Ml" W" Meade or his ord' haue- 
ing rec*! the value thereof of M!" Robert Roberts which I de- 
sire you will punctually Comply with and the same place to 

the ace' of 

Yo'' very loueing Friend 
To Mf Barnaby Dunck 

Merch* att S! Marie Hill Lond° 

Feb. 26'" 1679. 
Mf Dunck 

Sr. 

I haue drawne on y? this Day three Bills of Ex* all 
of one tenor and date for the Sume of three hundred fifty fine 
pounds Sterling payable att thirty day sight to M? Katharine 
Grudgefield or her ordf in part of fine hundred pounds 
sterling a Legacy left her by her Bro: Thomas Nottley 
Esq! Dec^ late Govenour of Maryland which Bills pray 
accpt and pay punctually according to teno!^ take receipt for 
the same and place it to the ace' of 

Yo' Loueing Friend 
To M' Barnaby Dunck 

Merch' att S' Marie Hill in Lond" 



41 



322 



No. 18. 
WILLIAM PENN TO CHARLES, LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorsement.] 

W" Pens Letter to my Lord 
Baltemore of the 10"' of Aprill 
1681 

[Superscription.] 

For my Honor'? 
Freind the Lord 
Baltimore 
(iovf & Propr"- of Maryland 

AVcstminster 10'." 2""" Ap. 1681— 
It haueino- graciously pleas'd the King vpon divers good 
considerations to make me a neighbour to Mary-land, I 
thought it necessary to make some offer of Freindship, & give 
a fitt rise for a future good correspondence. I omitt the Per- 
ticulers of my pretentions, they are so kindly & amply 
exprest in the Kings letter & to a man of good sense, 'tis 
enouirh to lie once told of the matter. 

The Bearer is a Gentleman & my Kinsman, to whom I 
haue left the manage of my affaires ; as his integrety will in- 
sist v])on my right, his prudence (t experience will always 
guide him from an indecent thing. I only begg one thing 
'tis short but the text of all th' can be said, do to me as thou 
Avouldest be done to. I am a stralnger in the affaires of the 
Country, he can haue little light from me, I do so much de- 
])end v])on the influence & prevalence The Kings goodness 
will haue vpon thee, th' I omitt to be any further solicitous, 
belieueing th' a great & prudent man, \vill always act w"' cau- 
tion <^' obedience to the mind of his I'rincc ; .•^o th' this 



323 



lettf was rather to be civil, then to pass so ill a complem' 
vpon the Lord Baltimore, or the Kings letter, as to think it 
could giue any aide to the one, or light to the other. 

I shall conclude w* this re(jucst that It would please thee 
to giiie my Cousen & Deputy all the dispatch possible in the 
business of the bounds th' obserueing our just limitts in th* & 
all other things we may begin & mantaine our Just & freindly 
intercourse w""* I do here promess to endeavour & obserue on 
my part w**" all the truth & care Imaginable ; & whateuer 
favours he receiues, I shall place to my account ; & perhaps 
there are many ways by w'^^ I may discharge them, w'^^ may 
giue the Lord Baltimore reason to belieue I do not undeserue 
the usage & quality of his 

Very true Freind 

My Respects to thy lady W" Penn. 

My Kinsmans name is William Markham. 



No. 19. 

WILLIAM PENN TO FRISBY, JONES, AND 
OTHERS. 



[iDdorsement.] 



[Superscription.] 



W? Penn's Lfe of 
the 16'*' 7"'' 1681 to 
some Inhabitants 
of Baltemore County 
and Cccill County. 

For James Frisby, 
Edw!^ Jones, August 



324 



[Indorsement.] 



Seal. 
Penn 
Arms. 



Herman George 
Ouldfeild, Henry 
Ward & Henry 
Johnson at their 
Plantations in 
Penn-Sylvania 

received this let!" out of th? 
hands of Jn? Highland comming 
from Sy"^ W™ Penn from London, 
witli Mr Haige, at my house in 
Boheiu. man" the 14. January A? 168| 
into my Custody. 

Teste Augustine Herrman- 



London 16'^ 7^1' 1681 
My Freinds 

I hope I do not improperly call }^ou so, because in being so, 
you will extreamly befreind your selues, as well as perform 
an a(;t of Duty to the King & Justice to me. 

I am equally a strainger to you all, but yf being represented 
men of substance & reputation in th' part of the bay, w".** I 
presume falls within my Pattent, I chose to take this opertu- 
nity to begin our acquaintance tt b}^ you w'J" the rest of the 
people on yf side of my Country & do assure you & them, 
th' I will be so farr from takeing any advantage to draw great 
proftits to my selfe, th* you shall find me & my goverm? easy 
free & Just and as you shall study tt) be faire & respectful! to 
me & my Just Interests, I will not be short of giueing you 
all reasonable assurances on my part th' I will Hue kindly & 
well w"" you & for this you haue my word under my hand. I 
think fitt to Caution you, (if within my bounds, as I am ready 



325 



to believe, but I desire no more then my own) th' none of you 
pay any more Taxes or Scssm'f by any order or law of Mary- 
laud ; for if you do, it will be greatly to your own wrong as 
well as my prejudice ; though I am not conscious to my selfe 
of such an insufficiency of pow"^ here w'? my Superiors as not 
to be able to weather th' difficulty if you should. But the 
opinion I haue of the Lord Baltiniores Prudence as well as 
Justice & of your regard to your own Interests & future good 
of your Posterity, makes me to wane all objections of th' na- 
ture & to hope we shall all do the thing th' is Just & honest 
(w°^ is allways wise) according to our respectiue stations. I 
have no more to add, but my good wishes for all yf happiness, 
& th' by the help of Almighty god, next Spring, you shall 
haue some testemony of my best endeavours to contribute 
towards it, as becomes my Duty to god, to the King & to 
their people. I am 

Pray Salute me to 1 Your Reall Frd : 

all y!" Neighbours j W^ Penn. 



No. 20. 
WILLIAM PENN TO CHARLES, LORD BALTIMORE. 

12 March IGSf 
Ire to me from M"" Pen 
being in to the L** Baltemore^ 
of the 24"' of Janu' 1682 

My Noble Freind 

I must needs hold my selfe obleidged to thee for tlic Civil 
Reception I found in Maryland as well as th' respect th' was 



326 



shown by tlie last express, the news it brought gave Credit 
to a Riinier I was unwilling to receive, I mean the death of 
thy Uncle, a man of Prudence & Ingeneous Conversation. It 
is a Scnnon of Mortality, & so much vigor to be so soon 
vanisht, shows w' fraile things we are, & how little we act the 
wise cV: the good men to persue w'.'' stifness a comfort th' can- 
not kec]) us Company further then the grave. 

My many ct urgent businesses would not give me leave to 
send the Inclosed sooner, I hope the delay has proved no 
manner of disappointment to thee of an Apology in this af- 
faire I will say no more till we meet. A Story came the other 
day to my Ears that the Lord Baltimore was w'? Cap' Conw^ay 
at Cap' Wards, their takeing an observation, as also up the 
Sasquchanagh River ; but I gave no Credit to it, takeing it 
for graunted That I should have had notice of so neer an ap- 
proach from the Lord baltimores order, the thing being of 
th' moment & in me disrespectfull had I had reason to have 
beleived it, not to have waited vpon him, & he so neer. I 
hope by the end of this month, to have some prospect when I 
may attend thee (the GenV Assembly sitting at this time) I 
am extreamly desireous to yeild in all points not essentially 
distructive to my right, & the great & Costly merrits of my 
Cause, resolveing w"' much care & affection to approve my 
selfe Thy very Loveing 

My Respects Neighbour cV: True Frd : 

to thy lady Wm. Penn. 

Philadelphia 

12'!' !■"" 83 

I The narrative inclosed to me had its defects w"'.*' our 2"* in- 
tervew may lielp 



327 



No. 21. 
WILLIAM PENN TO CHARLES, LORD BALTIMORE. 

[Indorsement.] 

M!" Penns T.fe of the 

-SO'.*" May (83) to the 

Lord Baltemore 
My Noble Fr!' 

Major Sawyer being yet behind, I embrace the opei'tunity 
to recommend to the Lord Baltimore tlios divers anii('al)lc 
proposals & expedients that I offerd to him for an happy 
issue of our present affaire. This is so necessary to me, (Sz of 
th* mighty moment, (both w'!" respect to the plantation of 
yr side of my Country, w'!' a number of people ready to seat 
it) The injoym' of my fiimely (a comfort inestimable here 
below) now at a great distance, &: must so remainc till tliis 
dispute be ended) & finally the settljem' of my heirs in an un- 
disturbed Riglit before I dye. That he will excuse my im- 
j)ortunity for his Speedy (\i: final resolve ; iiaveing upon 
serious thoughts, determined w*'' myselfe, to embarque for 
England by the first Conveniency. If the Lord Baltimore is 
not pleased to receive any of the former proposals ; much 
more If he should continue to think of any claime to any of 
thes Lower Countys. .Vnd this I thought fitt to mention, 
because I would not be often ti'oublcsome to the \/ Baltimore 
& his people w'!" expresses in this hot season of the year. I 
have no more to add, but that I hope tiie I^ord Baltimore will 
please to impute the meanness of his entertaiiun' to the 
unexpectedness of the occasion, tV: tli* he will give me leave to 
assure him I am w'*" much sincerity t\: affection. 

My Noble Vv" 
Newcastle the Thy very liesp'^ Fr.' 

80. 3"?" 83 W^' Pkn'n 



328 

No. 22. 
WILLIAM PENN TO CHARLES, LORD BALTIMORE. 

r Indorsement.] 

6'?* of June 1683 
W" Penns Lfe to the 
Lord Baltemore 

My Noble Fr"! 

If vpon my arrival in this Province, I did immediately 
dispatch my Secretary with two otlier gentlemen to Salute the 
Lord Baltimore & assure him of my respects & frdshp's If so 
soon as I had pay'd my duty to my Royall Patrone the Duke, 
I did incontinently take a longe Journy in a cold and un- 
pleasant season, th' I might personally give him the further 
Pledges, of a freindly agreement & neighbourhood. And if 
I did then therefore wave to press myn own Advantages, be- 
cause I found it uneasy to him ; And lastly, if in my after 
Correspondences, and especially as our last intervew, I have 
declined the rigour of my plea & both propos'd and prest 
some of the mildest & most healing expedients th' if possible, 
we might be the last Arbitrators of our own affaires without 
the need of an other umpire, then the good will we ought to 
bear to a mutual & lasting union. The Lord Baltimore, I 
would think, will be so kinde as to lett me hope, he will par- 
don me if I stop here, & shall hold myself acquitted by the 
endeavours I have used, w'l" so much Industry & submission, 
for a freindly Issue, And if there were anything below what 
I have already offer'd besides Ruine to my Province, God is 
both my wittness & my Judge, I should be but too apt to 
encline. 

My Noble Fr^ I am not mov'd by the power of Ambition 
or Avarice ; It is Conveniency yea necessity th* bids me 



329 



stand. I deal freely. I have outrun all Councels, th' I 
might purchase peace, tlio' Avith loss ; but w"' distruction, even 
nature & Reason forbid. What I seek be it m}-n own, <S: so 
my due ; or the Ix)rd Baltim!" & as such, if he please, my Pur- 
chass, It is of th' uiiuute Consequence to him & mighty mo- 
ment to me, because to his Country the Tale or Skirt, to my 
Province the ]\Iouth or Inlett, that the disproportion of the 
valine & Conveniency th' it beares to either of us, will 
defend, at least, indulge my greater Importunity ; And yet 
while the advantage seems to be mine, It is most manefest it 
will be greatly his proffitt to comply ; since it will lay his 
Province between two planted Countrys, And the People 
transporting themselves to Pennsilvania in Ships consign'd to 
Maryland and thos ships yearly bringing such englesh goods 
as we shall want, will naturally draw our people into his 
Province to furnish themselves, & to make Maryland the 
Mark of english Trade, at least for many yeares. 

"What shall I say. My Noble Freind, if the powcrfull 
charmes of interest, if the Love of good neighbourhood, if 
th' w"** is always to be prefer'd, w'.'' Persons of the Lord Balti- 
mores Loyalty, I mean Duty to the King, prevale, I must yet 
promess myselfe an agreement in some faire & happy ex- 
pedient, & lay by (w''.'' shall be w'!' delight) the thoughts of an 
englesh voyage, th' else, the state of my ail'aires here, & of my 
famely there, will of necessity obleidge me to & th' sj)ecdcly. 

I shall end w'? tiiis assurance w°'' I have often Given, and 
shall most religiously observe, that I shall sincerely embrace 
all occasions by w"!' I may approve my selfe 

My Noble Fr^ 
Thy very Firme 
Philadelphia & Aifect. Fr*! & Neighf 

42 



330 

No. 23. 
CHARLES, LORD BALTIMORE, TO WM. MARKHAM. 

[Indorsement.] 

His Lor'Z^ Letter to Markham 
of the 5*.'' of June 1682. 

Munclay the 5"' of June 1682 

I haiie receiud yo? of the 26'.'' of the last montli and am 
Sorry it came noe sooner to my hands for I liaue dispatcht 
some Gentlemen away to meet yon at the time Appointed and 
therefore am no wise willing to put of this buisnesse of the 
ascertaining; the bounds betwixt INP Pen and me There are 
many Reasons to be giuen by me for it but at present shall 
only offer you these two, ffirst that by a letter from his Most 
sacred Maiesty procured and sent by the said Penn I am 
Commanded to joync with ]\P Penn or his Agents for the 
speedy settling our bounds and then Mf Penns owne letter 
which you brought me prest very much the same thing ; 
Secondly tliat M' Pemi the last shipping Avritt and sent in a 
letter to seuerall Gentlemen of note that are Certainly within 
my Prouince as M"" Augustin Herman Capt" Ward, Coll 
AVells &v liiutiiig to them that he was confident they would 
come witliin his (jfouerm' a thing not kindly taken and to be 
phiine not according to the Goulden rule mentioned in 
Mr Penns Letter to me, Jhe to thy nciglihor <is tliou u-ouldst , 
he Hhoiild doc to thee Now certainly such proceedings were 
not Xeighbour like and when I hane the happiness to see my 
friend I must l)e ])laine w"' him as to that point for as I de- 
sire noe m(»i-e then my due soe 1 take it very vnkindly that 
some of the Inhabitants \\) the Bay should be soe Posest as 



331 



they liaue been by th' Letter of INl!" William Pcnns — ifor 

these reasons Sf I must begg leaue to say I will not admitt of 

any further delay you well knowing th* yo"" Late sickness has 

bin the only hinderance hitherto. Let me therfore now prei^se 

you to send persons qualified and equally impowr'd w'.'' those 

persons who on my part are already gon and will be in all 

probability with you afore this will arriue at your hands I 

haueing Pos.sitiuely ordeixl them to request the same from }-ou 

on the behalfe of 

Yo^ foithfull friend & Seru' 

C. B: 

Superscription 

To the Ho".'^ Cap" W" Markham 
Gou' of Pensiluania 

hast hast Post hast. 



SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE. 



When the Calvert Papers were presented to the Society on the 10th 
December last the corresponding secretary, in concluding his account of 
their finding, expressed the hope that some member, visiting England, 
might feel sufficient interest in the subject to ascertain, if possible, the 
facts, first as to whether these papers are those supposed to have been 
contained in the two chests seen in the British Museum in 1839; and 
second in regard to the papers said to have been buried. It is therefore 
with much satisfaction that we are enabled to state that during the past 
summer Mr. Julian LeRoy White, a member of this Society, undertook 
the investigation with results which he narrates in the following letter, 
read at the October meeting of the Society. 

Mendes Cohen, 

November 1, 1889. Corresponding Secretary. 



Baltimore, October 9, 1889. 
Dear Sir, — 

According to your request I give you an account of the search for tlie 
Calvert papers alleged to have been burled. 

On the 9th of July last I met Col. Harford by appointment at " Down 
Place." He showed me the rubbish heap on his grounds where his former 
butler. Keep, had as the result of his instructions buried tlie papers 
eight or ten years ago. He was uncertain as to date, exact site or quantity 
or quality of papers buried, but was quite willing tiiat I should examine 
the ground, and was altogether very obliging, taking trouble to assist me. 

After no little effort Keep, the former servant of Col. Harford, was found 
in London and brought to " Down Place," where I had already provided 
a small force of laborers. 

3:i3 



334 

Keep told me that he had buried the papers because they would not 
burn. He had first l)een told to burn them, he said, and I gathered from 
liim that the best looking papers were removed from the heap before they 
were dunij)ed by him loosely, and not enclosed in any box or chest, into 
a hole prepared by him. These selected documents I understood were 
included in the collection which we secured last year. 

Col. Harford's mother, Keep said, was very careful of these papers, but 
at her death the place was for rent and the tenant obiected to having this 
load of papers kicking about in the cellar — hence the ler to burn. 

Keep said tliat he had taken his l)earings carefu' the time of the 

burial, thinking that the documents might be want ; and showed 

me exactly where the papers should be within a fooi 

Here with three men to dig we worked away un lad pretty well 

examined a space of more than ten feet square, g> ^ down below the 
lowest point that Keep could have reached, cutting through roots of trees 
and into quite wet ground. We found nothing he papers. 

While the work was proceeding Col. and Mrs. ixarford came and looked 
over an adjoining fence. Mrs. H. said to me : " I wonder if he ever buried 
tiiem" 

This in brief describes the search which was most carefully made, and 
which covered a period of several days, in fact from the 5th to the 17th 
July. 

Tlie conclusion would seem to be, that the papers were either entirely 
destroyed before our search by their long exposure in the damp earth; or 
they were never buried, but possibly sold as old parchment or waste paper. 
The latter alternative seems the more probable as it is hardly possible 
tiiat if buried there should have been no vestige left of this mass of docu- 
ments, many of which were of parchment. 

I need not say that I regret very much that I could find nothing to 

bring back to the Society. 

Believe me. 

Yours very truly, 

J. LeRoy White. 
Mb. Mendes Cohen, 

Corresponding Secretary, 

Maryland Historical Society. 



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