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Full text of "The campaigns of the 124th regiment, Ohio volunteer infantry, with roster and roll of honor"

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THE NEW YORK 1 
PUBLIC LIBR.,, , 



ASTOR. LENOX AND j 
TlLDEN FOUNDATIONS 




COLONEL OLIVER II. PAYNE 



THE 



Campaigns of the 124th Regiment 



OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, 



WITH 

ROSTER AND. ROLL OF HONOR. 



BY 

G. W. LEWIS, 

med'ina, o. 



*•' *•' *•' 

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MANUFACTURED BY 

THE WERNER COMPANY", 
Akron, O. 






T Ht irk; 

PUBLIC UBRARYl 



J -JX AND 

'ldjsm foundations! 




LIEUTENANT COLONEL JAMES PICKANDS. 



DEDICATION. 



c / O all the noble men of the One Hundred and 
Twenty-Fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, living, and to the memory of those dead, 
who counted as nothing all of sorrows, dangers, 
marches, battles, wounds and death, that our com- 
mon country might not perish, and that liberty 
might be proclaimed to all the inhabitants thereof 
this unworthy record of their glorious deeds is 
dedicated by the Author. 



p 









POtJND^W J,S | 




MAJOR JAMES B. HAMPSON. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Introduction, 7 

From Cleveland, Ohio, to Manchester, Tenn., . u 

Some Recollections of the Campaign of Chatta- 
nooga, and the Battle of Chickamauga, . 35 

The Siege of Chattanooga, the Battle of Look- 
out Mountain, and the Storming of Mission- 
ary Ridge, 77 

The East Tennessee Campaign, and the March 
from Chattanooga to Knoxville, . . 107 

The Atlanta Campaign, 133 

From Atlanta to Nashville, . . . . 179 

ROSTER. 

Field and Staff 217 

Company A, 219 

Company B, 225 

Company C, 230 

Company D, 237 

(5) 



6 Contents. 

PAGE 

Company E 244 

Company F, 249 

Company G, 254 

Company H, 258 

Company I, 264 

Company K 269 

Unassigned Recruits 273 

Roll of Honor, 275 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 



I T1LDEN FOUNDATIONS 




SURGEON JAMES II'. SMITH. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The campaigns of the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, if written at all, should have been written 
nearer the close of the war, while the stirring 
scenes and events of those years of daring, duty 
and glory were vivid in the mind of the writer. 
The " Campaigns " should have been written by 
one that had intended to write them from the 
first, and had made such due and proper prep- 
aration during the time the same were going 
forward as would enable him to collect the neces- 
sary data for a correct and valuable history of 
the men, the companies and the regiment as an 
entirety. The " Campaigns " should have been 
written by one that had as full knowledge of the 
entire regiment as the author of these imperfect 
sketches had of the company he commanded 
during the service. Some of these campaigns 
were written for the purpose of preserving the 
events therein narrated, and by solicitation were 
delivered before the " permanent organization " 
of the regiment at its annual reunions, held from 

(7) 



8 Introduction. 

time to time, in the vicinity where the regiment 
was organized. Some, by mere chance, were 
published in the soldier papers of the country, 
and copied into others; but not until very re- 
cently did their author contemplate putting them 
into their present form, and only after a very 
strong desire had been expressed by the regi- 
ment, at one of its reunions, that some attempt 
should be made to preserve the deeds of the 
heroic men, living and dead, that composed one 
of the truest and best regiments that ever 
marched beneath the colors of the republic, did 
the author determine to undertake the work that 
is now consumated. 

It is the opinion of the author, in putting this 
book into the hands of those who did so much 
to make the history it seeks to perpetuate, that 
the most striking thing about it is its imperfec- 
tions, its inaccuracies. And this, to a certain ex- 
tent, needs be so, as the events it commemorates 
were written, almost altogether, from memory, 
and that after more than twenty-five years after 
the facts narrated took place; and many a time, 
while recalling those marches, battles and suffer- 
ings of those brave men that struggled " to keep 
the flag in the sky during all those dark years," 
it occurred to the author — could he only have the 
memory of each of the survivors of that grand 
body of men, how much more complete, accu- 



Introduction. 9 

rate and interesting his work would be to them 
for the perusal of whom it is intended. And 
again, the experiences of a modest, but quite 
busy, professional career, for many years, has 
taught the author that the same event is never 
seen by all alike, never remembered by all alike, 
and could not be written by all alike, though all 
were equally desirous to tell nothing but the 
truth. 

In these "Campaigns" there has been no de- 
sire to gloss over the mistakes and imperfections 
of the actors of the greatest drama that was ever 
enacted in the world's history; but in the criti- 
cism of them the author has had continually in 
mind the fact that, generally," all was done with 
the best endeavor, with a purpose and patriotism 
that has not a parallel in history. And some- 
times it seems to be better to note a few faults, 
that the work may seem real, not fabulous; that 
we write of men, not of angels. 

It was the original purpose to present engrav- 
ings from portraits of the field and staff, the 
original captains of the companies and some 
others, but too much time had run to carry out, 
entirely, this design. We could not publish en- 
gravings of each member of the regiment, though 
we are aware that nearly all are worthy of such 
honor, and we thought to be content with pub- 
lishing engravings of the representative men of 



10 Introduction. 

the regiment, but in this we have succeeded only 
in part. 

The "Roster and Roll of Honor" attached 
to the " Campaigns " is the one published by the 
direction and authority of the State of Ohio. 
It is far from being perfect, but the best that 
could be furnished, under all the circumstances, 
and is worth a great deal more to each member 
of the regiment in the form presented herein, 
than it is as published by the authority of the 
state. 

And now we say, go, thou little imperfect pro- 
duction, into the hands and homes of those with 
whom we served, suffered, and still love. If this 
poor souvenir of so good a service, and so many 
and great sacrifices, revives the memories and 
stirs those brave hearts to whose services no pen 
and no tongue can do justice, our desires are 
accomplished. 

G. W. Lewis, 

Major 124th Regiment, O. V. I. 

Medina, O., February 17, 1894. 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



\>- - wax \hd 




SURGEON DF.WIT C. PATTERSON. 



The Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



FROM CLEVELAND, OHIO, TO MANCHESTER, TENN. 

The One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Regi- 
ment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was born of the 
great impulse of patriotism that swept over the 
country in the latter part of the summer of 1862, 
occasioned by the necessity for the "300,000 
more " to put down the slaveholder's rebellion. 
The greater part of the regiment volunteered 
without the aid of a recruiting officer. Company 
A was raised in Cuyahoga county, and the pa- 
triotic and earnest William Wilson, afterwards 
its captain, seconded by that most enthusiastic 
of men, Cleveland Van Dorn, afterwards captain 
of Company D, were the leading spirits around 
which the brave men, that afterwards were mus- 
tered into the service of the United States as 
Co. A, 124th O. V. I., gathered, and became in 

fact what they were by letter, the first of the 

(id 



12 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

regiment. Company A was organized with the 
intention of becoming a part of the 103d O. 
V. I., but on going into camp, Captain Wilson 
found that regiment already full, and finally de- 
termined to join his fortunes, and that of his 
noble men, with those of the 124th O. V. I., to 
which regiment Oliver H. Payne had been com- 
missioned as lieutenant colonel, and James Pick- 
ands, formerly of the 1st O. V. I., as major. 

Company B was organized, almost exclu- 
sively, from the young men of the western town- 
ships of Medina county. Spencer township fur- 
nished the greater number, some forty enlisting 
from that township in one day, August 12th. 
Litchfield township furnished a goodly number, 
while Homer, Harrisville, Chatham, La Fayette 
helped to swell the ranks, while a few came from 
Wayne, some from Lorain, and later the young- 
est member, John M. Bowman, was consigned 
by his patriotic mother, residing in Cleveland, to 
the care of Company B. This company, or rather 
body of men, was sent into Camp Cleveland by 
order of the Military Committee of Medina 
county, composed of Judge Samuel Humphre- 
ville, John B. Young, Esq., and Mr. John Rounds. 
This body of men, by the intercessions of the 
committee with Governor Todd, was suffered 
to elect its commissioned officers, and, as the re- 
sult, George W. Lewis was chosen captain, John 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 13 

Raidaie, first lieutenant, and Charles M. Sted- 
man, second lieutenant. When this company 
came to be mustered into the service of the 
United States, it had so many men that a num- 
ber of them had to be mustered in other com- 
panies, and were afterwards transferred back to 
the company in which they had enlisted. This 
was also the experience of Company A. 

Company C was mostly raised in Cuyahoga, 
and Robert Wallace, afterwards its captain, and 
John O'Brien, afterwards its second lieutenant, 
seemed to be the nucleus around which the 
good men of Company C appeared to form. 
Many of them were from the "Emerald Isle," 
and proved their honor and daring on many hard 
fought fields of the campaigns of the regiment 
in after days. 

Company E came in from Lorain county, and 
John W. Bullock was made its captain. But 
time and space forbid a more extended notice 
of the different parts of an organization that was 
first-class, singly, or as a whole, more than to 
say that Company D was brought into camp by 
Captain George W. Aumend, the company be- 
ing raised mostly in Henry county. Company 
F was raised from the northern part of the state, 
and was commanded by Captain Horrace E. 
Dakin. Company G had many men from Cin- 
cinnati, but was, in fact, recruited from all parts 



14 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

of the state. Captain William A. Powell was 
its first captain. Company H was recruited, 
mostly, in Cleveland, and its first captain was 
that accomplished officer, Eben S. Coe. Com- 
pany I was largely from Cincinnati, with the late 
lamented James H. Frost as its first captain, 
while Company K seemed to be a sort of an 
overflow from almost anywhere. Hiram H. 
Manning was its first captain, and he was not 
mustered as such until November 10th, 1863. It 
seemed for a long time to be a sort of " mother- 
less colt" of the regiment, and fared accordingly, 
but it never failed in action, if it did not always 
have the care a company should have. 

In Camp Cleveland we took our first lesson 
as soldiers. Here the "Awkward Squad" might 
have been seen, at almost all hours of sunlight, 
being drilled by one a very little less awkward 
than themselves. The "halt," "right-dress," 
" forward," " steady there," " eyes right," " eyes 
left," "right wheel," etc., etc., given in the tones 
of a Stentor, might have been heard on the 
parade grounds of Camp Cleveland, in season 
and out of season, during all the fall and early 
winter of 1862. We were not well up in the 
manual of arms here, as I do not remember that 
we had muskets for all the men in this camp. 

Camp Cleveland, during the time our regi- 
ment was there, was a hard place for the young 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 15 

volunteer. Calls were constantly being made 
by the relatives of the volunteers, and visits were 
constantly being solicited and made to the old 
homes, so that, in time, the best officer(?) was the 
one that granted the greatest number of "leaves 
of absence." Under such circumstances, any- 
thing like the discipline necessary to perfect the 
raw but patriotic volunteer into the well drilled 
and efficient soldier was out of the question, and 
many a line officer was relieved of a very heavy 
burden when January ist, 1863, came, and our 
regiment was furnished transportation toward the 
seat of war. None of the living members of the 
1 24th will have forgotten the terrible snowstorm 
at Elizabethtown, Ky. 

About the first of February, 1863, it seems a 
large number of regiments were assembled at 
and near Louisville, Ky., to be forwarded to 
augment the Army of the Cumberland, under 
the then victorious, and very popular, General 
Rosecrans. Our regiment was paid off before 
we started* on that ever memorable expedition 
"down the Ohio," and up the Cumberland river 
to Nashville, Tenn. Those were the times that 
tried the souls of the company commandant. 
We had never been mustered for pay, and with- 
out anyone, at first, to instruct us, that which 
afterwards seemed very simple, was then a 
mountain of responsibility and worry. The cap- 



10 Ca?npaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

tain that could not get his muster rolls so they 
would pass the inspection of that prince among 
gentlemen, Paymaster Major John Coon, could 
not have his company paid, and anxiety is never 
a very great auxiliary to the completion of a 
new and hard task. But those of us that 
looked upon this financial officer in a sense akin 
to dread, found him a genial schoolmaster, and 
he not only instructed us in our duties, but fol- 
lowed us down the river until the last company 
of our regiment had received its pay. The larger 
share of this money was sent home to wives and 
children, and friends (some to creditors) in our 
own Ohio. 

I have often wondered why the government 
did not march this force, that was assembled at 
Louisville, to Nashville. The distance was one 
hundred and eighty miles, connected by one of 
the best macadamized roads in the country; and 
could we have been permitted to make the 
march by easy stages, we would have been half 
soldiers by the time we reached Nashville, and 
in a condition of health and soldierly prosperity 
very much to be desired. But the way we were 
sent by the old stern-wheelers, it occupied eleven 
days to make the trip, with no fire to keep us 
comfortable or for cooking our rations, while 
the nights were spent in shivering on the cheer- 
less decks of those old wheezy and stinking 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 17 

boats, which to all appearances had not been 
cleaned since the carpenters laid their keels. 
Many a man was lost to the service of his coun- 
try from this method of his transportation, and 
many a man dates the loss of his health from 
those eleven days of suffering and exposure. 
But whoever writes of wars must write of mis- 
takes; but we will think that everything was in- 
tended for our good, by those that had the good 
of the country in their keeping. The night we 
approached Nashville, we heard heavy firing up 
the river, and found the next morning on com- 
ing up to the site of Fort Donelson, that a por- 
tion of Wheeler's command had made an attack 
upon the small garrison, and had been repulsed 
with a very severe loss, considering the number 
en£ao;ed. 

We went ashore and saw the dead confeder- 
ates lying all about a piece of artillery, that it 
seems they had endeavored to take by charging 
the same; but the gun manned by the brave 
Illinoisans that composed the garrison, made 
fearful havoc in the ranks of Wheeler. The 
officer that lead the charge, Col. Overton, lay 
dead near the piece, and we were told he was 
the same man that owned the estate where we 
first made our camp in Tennessee. The killed 
of the garrison had been gathered under a shed, 
and were composed in what seemed to me to 



18 Campaigns of the I2j.th Regiment, 

be a long row, and as I looked upon their up- 
turned faces, pallid in death, and ghastly with 
wounds, I thought I had already seen enough 
of war. We returned to our boat, and steamed 
slowly up to Nashville. Going from Donelson 
to Nashville we saw the river gunboat, Concord. 
It was claimed that this boat had taken part in 
the fight of the day before, and we looked upon 
it, not only with curiosity, but with admiration, 
it being the first specimen of Uncle Sam's navy 
that many of us had ever seen. On arriving at 
the levee at Nashville, we disembarked, and form- 
ing the regiment in column of company front, 
with our band playing, and colors flying, we 
marched through the principal street of the city. 
But how different from Cleveland, O. Not a 
friendly face greeted us. Hardly a citizen was 
to be seen on the streets, and not a salute nor a 
shout welcomed us to this one of the most trea- 
sonable cities of the confederacy. We now, for 
the first time, realized that we were in the land 
of the rebellion. We moved that evening out 
to Overton Heights on the Franklin pike, and 
went into camp on the very spot where the 
same regiment, as veteran soldiers, on the six- 
teenth day of December, 1864, scattered the last 
of Hood's infantry on the memorable field of 
Nashville. 

In a few days we marched to the village of 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 19 

Franklin, eighteen miles by the pike from Nash- 
ville. This march was a very trying ordeal for 
us green soldiers. The most of the men carried 
luggage enough to overload a mule, and such 
knapsacks as the men staggered under in this 
little march, would have been a matter of amuse- 
ment later in the war. 

On arriving at Franklin, we went into camp 
on the north side of the Harpeth river, that 
forms the northern boundary of the village, and 
commenced soldier life in earnest. This place 
was occupied as an out-post of General Van 
Dorn's division of Bragg's army, but what few 
rebels were on duty here did not seem to care 
to try titles with us. Here, our major, James B. 
Hampson, came to us, and being a member of 
the old Cleveland Grays, and also having seen 
service in one of the earlier regiments of the 
Ohio troops, was a very valuable acquisition to 
us in the way of an instructor. His soldierly 
bearing and pleasant manner won all our hearts. 
He instructed us in the " manual of arms," 
taught us the "load in nine times," while in 
regimental and brigade drill he was a regular 
God-send to the ignorant officers of the line, that 
the most of us were. Here we had to attend 
the "school for the officer" and recite from 
Casey's Tactics to our young colonel, and many 
the hour we spent with him, ere the, to us, at 



20 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

that time, mysterious positions in which a regi- 
ment could be formed were thoroughly mas- 
tered. Some of our officers could learn nothing 
from books; but for school-teachers, like Captain 
Van Dorn, and preachers, like Captain Stratton, it 
was nothing but fun to repair to the Colonel's 
quarters to recite to one that had an earnest de- 
sire to make capable officers of us all. We were 
now in the presence of the enemy, and Forrest's 
cavalry used often to lope up to our pickets to 
see what we looked like ; and it was no infre- 
quent occurrence for the dreaded " long-roll " to 
call us from our slumbers to stand at arms for 
an hour on the regimental parade ground. I 
remember one morning that we were thus called 
out, and Company C, under Lieutenant O'Brien, 
was a little late in taking its place in the line. 
Soon we heard it coming on the double quick, 
while the "rich Irish brogue" of the lieutenant 
in getting his company into line attracted our 
attention more than any advance of the enemy 
that we apprehended (for by this time we had 
discovered that this standing at arms was a 
scheme of old granny Gilbert to give our hospi- 
tals practice) ; finding his place in the line, in 
some way, his last command was, " Sthand fast 
company say, and I'll lay me bones wid ye." 

In the school of the officer, I remember his 
attempt at recitation that ran something like 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 21 

this : " The ordly sagint thin advances tin paces, 
surrur! nah! — two paces — I don't know, surrur." 
The big-hearted Irishman, that did the fine work 
on the Perry monument, cutting the guard chain 
of his watch out of the solid marble, at last 
learned that he was not intended for an officer, 
though brave and patriotic, tendered his resig- 
nation, and that was the last we ever saw or 
heard of Lieutenant John O'Brien. 

But while instructions in the movements of the 
company and regiment were necessary, and we 
all tried to profit by the same, facility in recita- 
tion did not necessarily make the valuable offi- 
cer. As an instance, our Methodist minister, 
Captain Daniel Stratton, was Avonderfully fluent 
at the recitations, and became quite well drilled, 
but at our first great battle, Chickamauga, he de- 
serted his company, as we were coming into the 
action, in the face of the enemy, and was saved 
from the fate of his conduct by the great heart 
of Colonel Pickands. He said to the colonel, 
" when I thought of my wife and dear children 
at home I could not advance a single step to- 
wards the front." But he advanced pretty well 
towards the rear, for after two days of dreadful 
fighting and the third day in offering battle to 
an enemy, nominally victors, but thoroughly 
whipped (save the magazine writers), we came 
to Chattanooga and found our preacher in very 



22 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

comfortable quarters, with his resignation ready 
written out, which was accepted by our regi- 
mental commandant. Could our Irish lieutenant 
have done worse? The march, the campaign, the 
skirmish line, the picket duty, the battle, after all, 
were the true tests of soldierly qualities. Many 
a man, many an officer, arose in our estimation, 
after we saw him tried in the ordeal of battle, 
for whom we entertained but very little respect 
before. 

At Franklin we had to do picket duty by com- 
pany out south of the village, our line running 
along near the residence of one of the high- 
toned families of the town, by the name of At- 
kinson. At his residence our reserve post was 
established, and we posted a guard to protect 
the family, which consisted of the old gentleman, 
quite aged, his wife and a beautiful daughter, 
bearing the common but genial name of Sally. 
There were two sons, but both were serving in 
General Frank Cheatham's division of the rebel 
army. Sally was quite an expert singer, and 
played the piano reasonably well, and, to enter- 
tain us, she was kind enough to sing some of 
the war songs of the confederacy. I remember 
pieces of those songs to this day; one went like 
this : 

" Hurrah, hurrah, for southern rights hurrah, 
Hurrah for the bonny blue flag, that bears the single star." 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 23 

And another: 

" No northern flag shall ever wave 
O'er southern soil and southern graves, 
Look away, look away, look away, Dixie land, 
In Dixie land we'll take our stand, 
And conquer peace for Dixie." 

These rebel war songs and others might have 
been heard floating out on the soft evening air, 
near the old locust grove, and no one of the brave 
men that did duty there thought any the less of 
the pert and plucky rebel girl. We laughed at 
her wit and the raillery that she heaped on us, 
calling us invaders. But the colonel of the 1 25th 
was one day on duty as officer of the day, and 
hearing of the rebel girl and her songs, reported 
the matter to old granny Gilbert, who issued an 
order that had the effect of an injunction, and 
we heard no more of the sweet voice of Sally 
Atkinson while we did duty at Franklin. Col- 
onel Opdyke was an excellent officer in many 
respects, but a pronounced martinet, and had 
not a particle of humor in his composition. 
There was a rumor in the regiment that our 
Colonel Jim, as we sometimes called him, was 
a little sweet on Sally, but I think there was 
nothing of it, and for the sad fate of Sally and 
her two brothers, see the last campaign of this 
book. 

We had not been long in Franklin before our 



24 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

experience in transportation, heretofore referred 
to, began to have its deadly effect The typhoid 
fever and camp diarrhoea became alarmingly 
common. Our men sickened and were sent to 
the general hospital at Nashville, where very 
many died, and many were discharged, as unfit 
for further military duty. Not any one of the 
hard fought battles of our campaigns so de- 
pleted our ranks as our stay at Franklin. The 
water was of the limestone formation, and did 
not seem to agree with those that were compar- 
atively well, much less those that were sick. 
I think that every old soldier will agree with 
me that the march, while more fatiguing, is 
more healthful than the camp. 

While at Franklin we had the misfortune to 
be under the command of one General Gilbert, 
a regular army officer. A man that the gov- 
ernment had educated at great expense at West 
Point, and had kept in service for years after, 
and yet had no process of determining that he 
had no sense. 

This man, that might possibly have com- 
manded a company under a careful colonel, 
was placed in command of all the forces around 
Franklin. I am sorry to say it was under the 
command of this imbecile that we first met the 
enemy. Colonel Coburn's brigade, which was 
composed of the 85th and 33d Ind. V. I., the 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 25 

19th Mich. V. I., the 22d Wis. V. I., the 2d Mich. 
Cav., a part of the 4th Ky., and a part of the 9th 
Pa. Cav., with a light battery of six guns and a 
small train of wagons for forage, was ordered 
in the direction of Columbia. Our regiment 
accompanied the expedition as train guard. 
We moved a short distance the first day out 
and went into camp, having seen a few rebel 
cavalry, and having received the fire from a 
rebel gun or two that did no damage to us, 
save the breaking a musket stock for one of 
our men. The next morning we moved out of 
camp, and I remember watching the 19th Mich., 
it was such a large, fine looking body of men,, 
and moved down the. pike toward Thompson 
Station. Colonel Coburn soon developed the 
enemy in force, and so reported to General Gil- 
bert, who sent back an order for him to advance 
and engage the enemy, intimating that the com- 
mander of the brigade was a coward. Colonel 
Coburn then advanced and engaged the rebels, 
but his little force was outflanked on either side 
by the superior numbers of the enemy, and 
though fighting heroically, were soon sur- 
rounded and captured, save the battery that 
ran over the rebel infantry, and a small part of 
the 22d Wis., a part of one company, the cav- 
alry force; and had it not been for our good 
luck in being on duty with the wagons, we 



26 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

would also have been taken. As it was, noth- 
ing saved us but the best of running, and in a 
long race at that. We came into camp that 
night badly used up, and very much disgusted 
with our old granny Gilbert, having seen and 
run away from the battle of Thompson Station. 
The government expended Colonel Coburn's 
brigade and the lives of many brave men to 
learn, what every soldier about Franklin knew 
from the first, that Gilbert was not fit to be in 
the command of anybody. 

While at Franklin we built a very fine fort, 
situated northwesterly of the village, and near 
our camp. The fort was built of earth, regularly 
laid out with angles, and a deep moat surround- 
ing the entire work. The embrasures were well 
protected with gabions made of cane bound in 
bundles, and in the center a fine magazine was 
constructed. 

Heavy guns were brought from Nashville, 
and mounted en barbette. Why the fort was 
built none could tell. The chances that it would 
ever be of use to the cause of the Union were 
one thousand to one against the proposition, 
but at the battle of Franklin, November 30, 
1864, it paid large interest on the investment. 
Those big smooth-bore guns shelled the cotton 
field, south of the village, over which the rebels 
charged, in a manner which was fearful to 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 27 

behold. We that had worked so many days 
on that fort, felt that we were well repaid for 
our toil. 

While the fort was building, it occurred to 
Colonel Payne that the "contraband of war" 
might be useful in this work, so he ordered 
Lieutenant Raidaie to take a detail of men, and 
go forth and bring in such of the bondmen as 
he could find that were able to do the work 
required. So the lieutenant sallied forth in 
the direction of Roper's Knob, and he was re- 
warded by finding large numbers of the afore- 
said " contraband," as the slave owners of Ken- 
tucky had sent their slaves into Tennessee, to 
keep them as far away as possible from the 
union lines. These slaves we kept in camp 
until the fort was completed, and all that de- 
sired were permitted to return to the places 
from whence they were taken ; but many of the 
younger ones stayed with us, and engaged them- 
selves as servants to the officers. But it was 
wonderful with what alacrity these poor ignor- 
ant colored people performed the work required 
of them. They seemed to realize that they were 
working for themselves. 

March 9th, 1863, we left our camp at Frank- 
lin, General Gordon Granger in command, and 
marched to within about a mile of Spring Hill, 
passed by and over the battle field of March 5th, 



28 Campaigns of the I2^th Regime?it, 

Thompson Station, but saw no evidences of the 
late unequal, but sanguinary contest, save a few 
broken guns and some dead horses. We went 
into bivouac at night, having no tents with us. 
We marched thirteen miles. The next day it 
commenced raining and we were all wet to the 
skin, but nothing daunted, we went at work and 
fixed up shelter, and at about ten a. m. we had 
marching orders. We marched about three 
miles, it raining all the time. Company B re- 
ceived a detail to furnish twenty-five men for 
picket duty, which was filled with healthy men, 
and quite a number of sick men in camp, and 
the number ailing in the regiment was far from 
being inconsiderable. But we found the next 
day that this movement toward Columbia did 
not mean anything, and we were ordered back to 
Franklin, which was only a march of seventeen 
miles, but we came into camp that night as stiff 
and sore as foundered horses. We had no bat- 
tle, we had lost no men, but take it all in all, we 
were the better soldiers for the experience we 
had gained. 

We had now been in Franklin three months, 
and had put in the time in all the ways in which 
a soldier's life is made up. Now, hardly a day 
went by that the rebel cavalry did not appear 
at our picket line, and frequently a lively skir- 
mish would occur between our cavalry and a 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. l >( .) 

detachment of that of our enemy. The losses 
of the rebels were always enormous (?) while 
ours were entirely insignificant. The early part 
of April the rebels made a raid on our rear, and 
destroyed a bridge on the railroad about six 
miles north of Franklin, which caused us very 
much annoyance, for at that period in our history, 
as soldiers, we thought we were badly treated if 
we did not get our letters regularly from home. 
June 2d, 1863, was our last at the camp at 
Franklin. Here, we had learned very much of 
the duties of the soldier. We had not been 
slack in our work, and had become quite profi- 
cient in the company, regimental, and brigade 
evolutions. Here we had bidden good-bye to 
very many of our men, and our companies were 
small compared to what they were when we 
came to this camp; but our colonel consoled us 
by insisting that the fighting number of one 
hundred men, for all causes, was about sixty, 
and we found afterwards that the estimate of 
our young colonel was not far from the mark. 
This day we struck our tents, and marched to 
Triune, a distance of but thirteen miles, but 
the weather was so excessively hot that our 
men suffered a great deal ; but we had learned 
some wisdom from our former experience, for 
our knapsacks were not nearly as large as when 
we left Nashville. We remained in Triune 



30 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

until the twenty-first day of June, during which 
time we were stirred up by skirmishes very fre- 
quently, but the skirmishing was done mostly 
by the cavalry, on the respective sides, and the 
usual large stories were told in camp of our 
immense superiority over the enemy. While 
at Triune, one of our fellow citizens from Ohio, 
C. L. Vallandigham, was sent through our lines 
" to his friends in the south," as Mr. Lincoln 
humorously, put it. We w r ere usually very glad 
to see anyone from home, but we were not at 
all proud of this representative from Ohio. 

We now saw what we regarded as indica- 
tions of a general advance on the position of 
the enemy, and it seemed to be our fate to be 
compelled to march to the extreme left of the 
army to join the brigade to which we had been 
assigned while at Triune. We were assigned 
to what was called Hazen's brigade, composed 
of the 41st O. V. I., the 9th Ind. V. I., the 93d 
O. V. I., the 6th Ky. V. I., and our regiment, 
commanded by General Wm. B. Hazen, the 
first colonel of the 41st, an officer in every way 
qualified for the command assigned him. This 
day we marched over the battle field of Stone 
river, through the dense cedars that figure so 
conspicuously in the descriptions of that terri- 
ble engagement of the closing year of 1862. 
We marched through the. village of Murfrees- 



Ohio Volunteer Infa?itry. 31 

borough, and out one and one-half miles east 
of the town, and went into camp, having come 
that day a distance of twenty-two miles, with 
less fatigue and suffering than any we had 
formerly made. The next day we marched to 
Readyville, a distance of twelve miles, and found 
our brigade. Here we fixed up a nice camp, and 
were informed we would stay for some time. 
This was as desolate a part of the south as it 
was ever our fortune to tread over. It did not 
seem to be inhabited to any great extent, and 
was as woodsy as Ohio seventy-five years ago. 
On the twenty-fourth of June we broke up 
our camp and marched directly south through 
Bradyville, a city consisting of three houses. 
We saw the burning of a great amount of pro- 
visions before leaving Readyville that we con- 
cluded had to be abandoned for lack of trans- 
portation. We marched this day about seven 
miles in a very severe rainstorm. We were 
now informed that we were after General Bragg, 
and we might expect a general engagement at 
any time. The next day we marched not to 
exceed six or seven miles, and came to a very 
long, steep hill that gave our artillery and train 
great difficulty in the ascent. The roads we came 
over this day were the worst we had so far en- 
countered, but when we were on the top of this 
hill we were on a broad shelf or table-land lying 



32 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

directly west of the Cumberland mountains that 
seemed good for nothing, save to illustrate the 
great variety of the works of Almighty God. 
The next day we stayed in camp all day, waiting 
for our train to come up. It rained almost all 
day long. The next day, June 27th, company 
B was detailed to help the train along. They 
came to what is called the Long Branch of the 
Duck river, and the men had to build a brush 
bridge across the stream, and after getting mired 
in the quicksands time and time again, they 
finally succeeded in getting the train over. 
This company did not get in to join the regi- 
ment until the next morning, and then came wet, 
weary, and not in their usual sweet temper. 

The next day, Sunday, we marched but four 
miles and camped in a wood (I do not remem- 
ber of seeing any fields) ; but one thing justice 
requires to be said for this table-land country, the 
water was simply exquisite. We were now re- 
ported to be within forty-two miles of Manches- 
ter, and we were informed that we were now 
making a grand flank movement that was to cut 
off the retreat of Bragg, and by which we were 
to capture his entire army, and, in fact, we were 
making this grand flank movement at the rapid(?) 
rate of from seven to ten miles per day. On 
the twenty-ninth we crossed the east branch of 
Duck river and did little but get our train over 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 33 

this miry stream. This same weary marching 
continued until the fourth day of July, and finds 
us on the Elk river, at Morris Ford, awaiting 
the arrival of the pontoons. It had rained 
almost incessantly for the last fourteen days, 
and very many of us had not had our clothing 
dry in that time, but the weather was warm and 
none of us seemed to take cold ; I remember 
one day of this march that it was so very hot 
that the men fell out in great numbers, and 
when we halted at night, no company of the 
regiment could show more than one stack of 
muskets ; but before morning the good faith- 
ful boys came in, and the next day were ready 
to resume their arduous duties. On July the 
8th we arrived at Manchester, and found that 
General Bragg had escaped us, and had crossed 
the mountains into the valley of the Tennessee. 
We had not seen a rebel since leaving Triune, 
and owing to the condition of the country and 
roads, if we had seen one he must have been 
dead, for we did not move fast enough to over- 
take a live one. No battle had been fought, 
though one day we heard heavy firing in the 
direction of Tullahoma. 

And so ended the summer for the 124th O. 
V. I., and also, in fact, for the Army of the 
Cumberland. Although General Rosecrans 
had not succeeded in bringing Bragg to an 



34 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment. 

engagement, he had driven him from middle 
Tennessee, the great rebel recruiting ground 
for men, animals, and supplies, and while the 
victory was bloodless, it was in no small sense 
important to the union cause. The unionists 
of east Tennessee saw in it their coming deliv- 
erance, while the depressing effect of a retreat 
told upon the confederate forces. Since leaving 
Franklin our regiment had marched over one 
hundred and fifty miles, which, considering the 
weather and the state of the roads, was an ac- 
complishment that had a tendency to increase 
our confidence, and prepare us for the more 
arduous duties that fell to our lot after we 
crossed the great mountains and commenced 
operations in the valley of the Tennessee — the 
key to the conquest of the confederacy. 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTi and 

TlL.T3F.Ni FOUNDS 



Jt*** 










- 



QUARTERMASTER WILLIAM TREAT. 



SOME RECOLLECTIONS OF THE CAMPAIGN OF CHATTA- 
NOOGA AND THE BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA. 

If you ask, to-day * the young man of twenty- 
five years, married and his little ones growing 
up in health and peace about him, what he recol- 
lects of the war for the suppression of the rebel- 
lion, his answer must be " nothing." He will 
say, " I was not born until after the war had been 
on one year. I remember nothing about the 
war, as you call it, for the suppression of the 
rebellion." 

If you ask the man of thirty years, in full busi- 
ness life, a leader of society, the same question, 
his answer will be undoubtedly, "I remember 
but little about the war ; I was but four years 
old when the war broke out. I remember some- 
time during the war seeing the soldiers, in their 
blue coats and bright buttons and arms, as they 
marched along to the station to go to the front, 
as they said. I remember hearing the drum- 
beat, I recollect feeling the heart-throb, as I saw 
the flag which they bore aloft. I was but nine 
years old when the war ended. I remember that 

* Written in 1887 (35) 



36 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

when the boys came back, battered and scarred, 
in their dirty and faded uniforms, their flag in 
tatters, their faces bronzed and burned by the 
southern sun, that of them that met them at the 
station many wept, because so many that went 
away with them returned not." 

And so, to the majority of those to-night, the 
war is but a matter of history and legend of 
story and of song. 

The recollections of those years from 1861 to 
1865 are, in many minds, as indelible as though 
graven on brass, or chiseled in marble. 

Those of you who have personal recollections, 
as well as those familiar with the history of those 
times, will remember that the summer of 1863, 
so far as the Army of the Cumberland was con- 
cerned, was spent (as was at one time said of 
the Army of the Potomac) in " masterly inac- 
tivity;" and although after the battle of Stone 
river the army occupied a line as far south as 
Franklin and Murfreesboro, Tenn. And though 
the army, under the now immortal Grant, had 
captured one entire rebel army, and had opened 
the " Father of Waters," so long closed at Vicks- 
burg; and though the gallant Meade had met 
the invaders at Gettysburg and hurled him back, 
in defeat and confusion, to his old lair beyond 
the Potomac, the Army of the Cumberland, under 
General Rosecrans, as late as August had barely 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 87 

gained the foothills of the Cumberland moun- 
tains. 

The Cumberland mountains run in a direc- 
tion south of west and north of east, and for 
most of the way are composed of two consid- 
erable ridges, some two thousand feet above 
the valley of the Tennessee. These ridges are 
broken at Chattanooga by the Tennessee river, 
and so bold and abrupt is Lookout mountain 
on the south side of the river, that one can almost 
conclude that some great convulsion of nature 
had reft it asunder from its corresponding ridge 
on the north side. 

This chain of mountains, this deep and broad 
river, lay between our army and that of the ene- 
my when the march commenced southward in 
August, 1863. 

The corps to which my regiment was attached, 
the 2 1 st, under General Crittenden, and the 
14th Corps, under General George H. Thomas, 
crossed the mountains above Chattanooga; while 
General McCook's Corps, and the Reserve Corps 
under General Gordon Granger, crossed at and 
below Chattanooga. 

And while in the effort of crossing this great 
mountain range and river, the right and left 
wings of the army must have been seventy-five 
miles apart, and neither near enough to aid the 
other in case of an attack. I am almost at a loss 



38 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

to know how the Army of the Cumberland was 
put south of mountains and river ; whether by 
the ability of Rosecrans, or the stupidity of Bragg, 
the feat was accomplished. 

And while there was many a mountain defile 
that would have answered for a modern Ther- 
mopylae, happily for us the three hundred Spar- 
tans seemed to be wanting. 

The early part of August, 1863, found us en- 
camped at Manchester, Tenn., at or near the 
head waters of the Duck river after the close of 
the Tullahoma campaign, if it is proper to call 
that a campaign, that was simply a retreat on the 
part of the confederates, and pursuit on the part 
of the federal forces. 

Manchester is situated on what is known as 
the table-lands of Tennessee, and though high 
and supplied with the most delightful water, very 
many of our men were sick by reason of the ex- 
posure on the campaign just closed, and had to 
be sent back to hospitals or sent home on fur- 
lough, which latter was very seldom done ; and 
when accomplished costing great pains and 
anxiety.- If our national policy had been to fur- 
lough our worthy sick, instead of sending them 
off to the inhospitable hospitals, to be experi- 
mented upon by the graduates, fresh from our 
medical colleges, to pine away with homesick- 
ness, be crowded together in great numbers "into 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 39 

the wards of the whitewashed halls, where the 
dead and dying lay," when a few days and 
weeks at home with its cheering influences and 
home diet, something mother could fix up, would 
have restored, without doubt, thousands of brave 
men to health and duty, that by reason of the 
narrow, niggardly, treat-every-man-as-a-coward 
policy of the government, went down to need- 
less and untimely graves. 

I have read accounts of the neatly arranged 
graves of these men with the beautiful marble 
headstones, furnished at the expense of the 
government, in our great national cemeteries ; 
but I never think of those great armies of the 
dead but I think, how many might have been 
saved. Very many of those headstones are 
more monuments to the lack of good sense on 
the part of the government, than a noble and 
patriotic generosity. Nearly all of our soldiers 
that died of disease in hospitals, could and 
should have been sent home and saved. I re- 
member very well it was never any trouble 
to procure a leave of absence for a sick or 
wounded officer, but to procure one for a poor 
private in the ranks was altogether a different 
matter. 

It may not be out of place for me to give you 
a brief account of an effort that I made to pro- 
cure furloughs for three most worthy sick men, 



4(» Campaig?is of the 124th Regimetit, 

while at Manchester, just before we started on 
the Chattanooga campaign. 

These men were afflicted with that terrible 
disease, that with the aid of the government and 
its surgeons has slain its tens of thousands, 
known as camp or chronic diarrhoea. I made 
out an application for furloughs for these men, 
knowing full well that the time was very brief, 
that we must leave these brave men to the care 
of entire strangers — men that did hospital duty, 
as they did any other, because they were order- 
ed to ; and knowing full well that, in all human 
probability, they would never return to the regi- 
ment if they were sent to the hospital, I deter- 
mined to make a great effort to save them. I 
procured a very earnest indorsement from our 
regimental surgeon, Major Dewitt C. Patterson, 
than whom a more competent or kinder hearted 
surgeon never had the health of a regiment in 
charge, also the very favorable indorsement of 
our colonel ; but he refused to give me leave to 
carry the application to brigade headquarters, 
for good reasons, no doubt, as he informed me 
that the application must go through the regu- 
lar channel. I told him " the application might 
get back in time to attend the funeral, but never 
to do these men any good." I immediately 
went to the headquarters of the brigade com- 
mandant; he examined carefully the application, 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 41 

wanted to know the urgency of the matter, and 
after I had explained to him all I could, and 
after I had urged everything I could think of that 
I thought would help the case of the sick men, 
he coolly took the application from my hands, 
indorsed it " disallowed," and ordered me to 
my regiment, saying, " we are not granting fur- 
loughs on the eve of starting on a campaign." 

I was somewhat disheartened, but not alto- 
gether discouraged. I immediately repaired to 
General Palmer's headquarters, who commanded 
the division. The general treated me with 
great politeness, heard all I had to say, and then 
informed me that no furloughs were being 
granted; said "he would excuse me for bringing 
up the application without leave," kindly or- 
dered me to my regiment, and advised me "give 
up the enterprise, if I wished to save myself 
from the disgrace of a court-martial," which, as 
we soldiers all know, is a court organized to 
convict. 

I then turned my steps toward the headquar- 
ters of General Crittenden, commanding our 
corps ; he treated me with great brusqueness, 
not only refusing the indorsement I so much 
desired, but severely censured me for not send- 
ing the application through the regular channel. 
He gave me the usual complimental (?) order, 
" Immediately repair to your regiment, sir ! " I 



42 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

was "cast down, but not destroyed;" I had just 
one ground of hope left me, and that was cen- 
tered in "Old Pap Thomas." 

These various headquarters that I had visited 
were all situated at or near Manchester, and I 
applied to them all the same day; but the head- 
quarters of General Thomas was at Winches- 
ter, more than sixty miles from our camp. The 
point now was how to get to Winchester? I 
went to the colonel and applied for a pass for 
that place, which, luckily for my purpose, he 
granted me without asking me what I wanted it 
for. We had a train down in the morning and 
back at night; so the next morning, armed with 
my pass and my badly disallowed application in 
my pocket, I took the train for Winchester. 
With my heart away up in my thorax, I ap- 
proached the headquarters of the old general. 
I was compelled to wait a long time, it seemed 
to me, to obtain an interview with him; he re- 
ceived me very gravely, yet kindly, and care- 
fully listened to all I had to say ; he wanted to 
know " if the men would be able to go home if the 
furlough should be granted?" I insisted they 
would if granted immediately, and that must 
be my excuse for not sending the application 
through the regular channel. I urged upon the 
general the fact that so many of our men were 
dying in the hospitals of that terrible disease. 




ADTU:'ANT SHZRBURN H EATON. 



.PUBLIC UB*K*<! 



1^ DE N FOUNDS 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 43 

The old iron-faced general turned to a member 
of his staff that was at a table writing and told 
him to indorse the application allowed. I then 
asked the general if he would indorse on the 
same, leave for me to take it in person to Gen- 
eral Rosecrans. This he most cheerfully did, 
and General Rosecrans issued the furloughs 
without another word of explanation. 

The next morning the sick boys were taken 
to the train, and started for Ohio. In sixty days 
two of them returned for duty, were in every 
battle of the regiment, and were honorably dis- 
charged. The other was discharged for disabil- 
ity. One of them, after the war, made himself a 
home in California, the other I meet often, but 
I never see him but I think how much he owes 
to that noble "Old Pap Thomas." 

In a few days after we were ordered to get 
ready to march, and the first day brought us to 
a beautiful mountain river, on the banks of 
which we went into camp, near a small quaker 
village called Irvingville, I think. The next 
morning we had to ford the river, which was 
cold and in some places quite deep. This 
brought us to the first range of the Cumberland 
mountains. Our regiment was detailed to assist 
the wagon train up the steep mountain road, 
which duty occupied our attention the greater 
part of the day. That night we encamped on 



44 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

the mountain, and enjoyed a most refreshing 
sleep in the cool invigorating mountain air. 
The next day we marched down off from this 
ridge into the Sequatchie valley. This valley 
is some mile or more, perphaps, in width and 
runs down to Chattanooga, and we entered it 
some six or eight miles from its head. Through 
this valley runs a pure cold stream of water — a 
thing always prized by an army or camping 
party. 

We also found here plenty of corn — -just at 
the roasting-ear period of maturity; and it would 
surprise you farmers to see how soon a ten-acre 
field of green corn would be used up by an 
army. But how did the boys prepare it so as 
to make it good and wholesome? Of course, 
it could be roasted on the ear, but that was too 
slow a process. By this time, in our experience 
as soldiers, we had divided into messes of about 
four. One would carry a small tin pail or ket- 
tle, holding about four quarts ; another would 
carry a small frying pan ; the third would carry 
a coffeepot (without which the rebellion could 
not have been put down); while the fourth would 
carry some other article necessary to the culinary 
art. The commissary supplied us with salt pork 
or bacon, and also with salt and pepper. Now 
the culinary process is this : the corn is gathered 
and carefully silked, then with a sharp knife 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 45 

(and every soldier was supposed to have one — 
or if left lying about loose) the corn was shaven 
from the cob, put into the frying pan with a 
slice of pork or bacon, and cooked until tender; 
add salt and pepper to suit taste, and you have 
a dish good enough to set before a union sol- 
dier — and too good for a king. 

We remained in this beautiful valley until 
the corn was all used up; and one would be 
surprised to see how it helped out our rations. 
One other notable thing about this green-corn 
diet — some of our men that were sick, but 
dreaded to be sent back to hospital and had 
kept along with us as best they could, were 
entirely cured by this change of diet. It was 
the vegetable food that did the good work for 
them. I have known green apples, that are 
always supposed to be harmful to a well person, 
help a sick soldier. 

One could not help thinking, what was to 
become of these poor people of this valley, 
whose only means of support we had eaten up 
and destroyed; but war is merciless, "war is 
hell," as General Sherman said. 

When we broke up our camp we pushed 
straight for Waldron's ridge lying directly in 
front of us. We found the ascent of this ridge 
much more difficult than that of the other had 
been, but finally we reached the top of the 



46 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

mountain. It was very singular to find here 
a country with all the characteristics of level or 
table-land — lying more than two thousand feet 
above the country w r e had left behind us, or the 
valley of the river beyond. The next day we 
resumed the march, and in the afternoon began 
the descent into the valley of the Tennessee. 

The road down the mountain was the worst, 
by far, that we had encountered. In some 
places the road lay over ledges of rocks that 
were four feet directly down ; and many wagons 
were broken, as well as axles of cannons and 
caissons. I suppose, to this day, there could be 
found evidences of that fearful descent, in the 
wreck of government property lying along that 
mountain road. 

The valley of the Tennessee at last reached, 
we went into camp at Poe's tavern, and re- 
mained there some three weeks, spending the 
most of our time in foraging for our animals, as 
well as ourselves. 

In this locality there is one of the greatest 
curiosities it was* ever my privilege to behold. 
It consists of a lake or pond on the top of the 
ridge we last came down. Directly to the west 
of where we were encamped, the ridge breaks 
off into palisades, some five hundred feet in 
height. Hearing of this curious lake from some 
of the natives, a party of us set out one day to 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 47 

explore it. We were compelled to go up the 
ridge by the same road we had come down, 
which took us some distance to the northward 
of the place where we had been informed 
the lake was located. At last our efforts were 
rewarded by finding the place. The lake is 
almost a circle of about six hundred feet in 
diameter; on one side the rocks had fallen down 
on an angle of about forty-five degrees, making 
it possible to descend into this terrible looking 
place. Once down to the waters edge one 
could look up the perpendicular sides of this 
walled-in lake for three hundred feet. It looks 
as though at some time the rocks had sunken 
down into the great cave beneath, and left this 
basin which filled with water from the springs 
of the mountains. One of the most curious 
features of this curious basin is that the water 
has a rise and fall of fifteen feet, at regular in- 
tervals. The water was as clear as " mountain 
dew," and some of our party, on going in to 
swim, thought they could dive out of sight ; but 
no effort of a swimmer that could go down 
eighteen feet, seemed to make any difference 
with his visibility. The natives looked upon 
this place with great awe, and gave it the fear- 
ful name of" Devil's Washbowl."- 

We had not been at this camp many days 
before the mystery of the rising and falling of 



48 Ca??ipaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

the water in the bowl was fully explained. 
About a half mile below our camp was a large 
spring from which some of our brigade got 
water; on going there for water one day a 
soldier found the spring had failed, and so re- 
ported. In a few days thereafter another sol- 
dier went for water, and found the spring flow- 
ing as bountifully as when first discovered 
An investigation showed that when the spring 
ceased to flow, the water in the bowl began 
to rise, and when the water in the spring began 
to run, the water in the bowl began to fall. 
And so it turned out to be an intermitting spring, 
the philosophy of which every schoolboy that 
hears me to-night is familiar; and the devil lost 
the most of his reputation in that locality. 

We made quite a long stop at this camp, but 
at last the order to march came ; we went di- 
rectly down the west bank of the river for about 
twenty miles, and went into camp for the night; 
the next morning we marched out to the river, 
and were informed that we must ford the same. 

The Tennessee, where we were required to 
ford it, was a little less than a mile in width, 
and in some places quite swift. We were or- 
dered to remove our clothing, but the order 
was regarded more advisory than imperative; 
and while some did their clothing up in neat 
bundles and bore them on their bayonets, 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 49 

others kept theirs on and trusted to the 
warmth of their bodies to dry them on the 
other side. 

We started in four ranks, the usual marching 
order; we got on very well until we came to 
the deep and rapid portion of the river, when 
some of our short men became very apprehen- 
sive, and I remember we had to keep hold of 
hands to prevent the current from carrying us 
down the stream ; while we had to take our 
shortest men on our shoulders to keep their 
heads above water. It is a sight never to be 
forgotten to see a mile of men in the water. 
After having gained the east bank in safety 
we spent the time in watching the others come 
across, or in drying our water soaked garments. 
It was amusing to see the little short fellows 
ford; they would come along with great bravery 
until they came to the deep water, when you 
could see them holding their heads away back ; 
now and then one would go all under, and you 
would see him climbing some fellow that na- 
ture had provided with a longer pair of run- 
ning-gears ; but finally all crossed in safety, and 
no sickness followed this enforced baptism. 

We went into camp that afternoon near the 
river; and the next morning took up the march 
in the direction of Ringgold, Ga. Here we 
found, as a rule, the people had abandoned their 



50 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

homes and gone south, leaving them to be pil- 
laged by thoughtless or criminally inclined sol- 
diers. On this day's march I saw an instance 
of the propensity of some men to steal that 
was about as amusing as it was disgusting. 
As I was marching at the head of my company 
I heard a great clattering, and on looking back 
I saw a soldier coming with a great load on his 
back done up in a piece of shelter tent, which 
on a nearer inspection proved to be a set of 
dishes ; there were tureens, bowls, plates, pitch- 
ers, platters, and in fact everything known to 
a well regulated set of dishes. The fellow 
marched on with great composure amid the 
derisive shouts of his comrades that he passed ; 
and probably that night ate his hard-tack off 
southern china. 

That night we went into camp near a branch 
of the Chickamauga river, and the next day 
marched into Ringgold. This village, named 
in honor of Major Ringgold, that fell at the bat- 
tle of Beuna Vista, was a town of about two 
thousand people at that time, I should think, 
when at home, beautifully located at the foot of 
the White Oak mountains ; but very few of its 
people remained there, and the town was a very 
sorry looking place, though built mostly of 
brick, and in much better taste than most of 
the southern towns that we had seen. 




SERGEANT MAJOR .lOHS S. NIMMONS. 



PUBLIC LiBBARY 



XSTOR. LENOX AND 
T1LDEN FOUNDATIONS 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 51 

Here I saw the first exhibition of the extreme 
spitefulness of the southern woman. Our camp 
was close to quite a fine looking residence, and 
seeing a collection of soldiers about there, I 
thought I would step over and see what was 
going on. In the doorway stood a good look- 
ing, decent appearing lady, and another was just 
inside of the door. The first one spoke to the 
crowd of soldiers (that looked as though calico 
was worth a dollar a yard), and said, "I suppose 
yuans all came down here to rob weuns of our 
land." Some one denied the accusation, and,, 
with the most intense bitterness depicted in 
every feature, she added, "Weuns are perfectly 
willin' to give yuans all land 'nough to bury 
yuans on, and we reckon yuans will need con- 
sid'able befo yuans git out heyer." I am sorry 
to say that some of the boys that laughed at 
the display of provincialism and spite on the 
part of the rebel lady, were compelled to take 
up with her offer a few days thereafter. 

Here we found quite a lively skirmish go- 
ing on between Wilder's mounted infantry 
and some confederate cavalry, out toward 
Dalton. 

We remained here a few days and then 
moved over to the locality of Lee & Gor- 
don's mills, and the eighteenth day of Sep- 
tember found us encamped on the Chicka- 



52 Campaigns of the I2jfth Regiment, 

mauga river, some sixteen miles south of Chat- 
tanooga. 

The Chickamauga is a small river that puts 
into the Tennessee a few miles above Chatta- 
nooga; at most places fordable in low water, 
but at some points, owing to the limestone for- 
mation, dropping into pools, deep and cavern- 
ous. The Indians named the little stream 
Chickamauga, and as they interpret, the word 
means "dead man's river;" if the name was in- 
tended to be prophetic, how terribly was it ful- 
filled the nineteenth and twentieth days of 
September, 1863. 

All day the eighteenth the south bank of the 
stream was held by the skirmish line of the 
enemy ; and I remember it was quite a novel 
and exciting scene to witness the belching of 
the smoke and flame from the muskets of the 
skirmishers, while now and then the whizzing 
of the stray bullet, admonished us that even off 
duty our position was not one of absolute 
safety and repose. All that day " the grapevine 
telegraph "was working in fine shape. The camp 
was alive with rumors that McCook's Corps had 
not yet effected the crossing of the mountains ; 
that Bragg had been reinforced by Longstreet 
from the army of northern Virginia (this was 
true), and it was the purpose of the confederate 
commander to destroy the 14th and 21st Corps 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 53 

before a junction could be made with McCook, 
and before the Reserve Corps under Granger 
could come within reinforcing distance. 

The sun had just hid his face behind the 
rocky sides of the Lookout when the order was 
given to "strike tents," and each regiment was 
quietly but speedily formed in marching order, 
and all that night long we marched to the right, 
to be nearer McCook when the time should 
come when the foe, long followed and hunted, 
should hunt us in return. 

Any one who has not had the experience can- 
not have any notion of the absolutely disgust- 
ing weariness of a night march in the presence 
of the enemy. To march in column, day or 
night, is much more fatiguing than to march 
singly ; but on this terrible night, I remember, 
the dust was shoe mouth deep, and it came up 
filling our nostrils with dirt and our souls with 
indignation. Happy, then, was he that had some 
phrases, unknown to the ordinary soldier, with 
which he could give vent to his disgust. If it is 
true " that hope keeps the heart from breaking," 
I have often had the reflection that " there are 
moments — this was one of them," when the 
strong expressions used by the union soldier 
kept him from desertion. Then the halting to 
let a battery of artillery pass or a train of bag- 
gage wagons, while we were standing or being 



54 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

led into the darkness, in a kind of military 
blind man's buff, without any of the merry in- 
cidents of that childish game of the long ago. 

At last the morning of the nineteenth of Sep- 
tember, 1863, dawned on thousands of that 
grand old army for the last time. Inexperi- 
enced as we of the 124th O. V. I. were at this 
time, we knew that we should soon be strug- 
gling in the shock and carnage of battle. That 
the time for our first baptism of blood and fire 
was fast approaching. The blare of the bugles 
on every hand told that the work of preparation 
for that struggle that was to be one that was to 
save the army from annihilation, was soon to 
begin. 

We pulled out of the old road that leads from 
Lee & Gordon's mills on the Chickamauga, to 
Chattanooga, and halted and made coffee and 
were soon partaking of " the soldier's banquet," 
not a very elaborate bill of fare, but relished by 
those tired and dusty soldiers, notwithstanding 
the preparations for battle going on around us. 

I remember a little colloquy that took place 
between our colonel and General Palmer that 
morning, while we were breakfasting that illus- 
trates how lightly soldiers can talk about going 
into battle, no matter how they may feel. Our 
colonel said, "general, there's going to be a 
dance down there this morning, is there not?" 




COLOR-BEARER SERGEANT LLOYD A. MARSH. 



■ PUBLIC LIBRARY 1 




A.STOP 

-1 - _> 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 55 

"Yes," replied the general, "and in less than an 
hour your regiment will get an invitation to at- 
tend it." 

The country where the battle was fought was 
largely woods, now and then broken by what in 
southern parlance is called a " deadening," which 
simply means that the timber has been killed by 
girdling, and the ground subjected to the mode 
of cultivation of slave times in the South. Some 
portions of the country are quite level, and then 
breaking into bluffs, as one leaves the river 
and approaches the foothills of the mountains. 
Fisher Ames said, " nobody sees a battle," and 
it is literally true. While Ames had reference 
to the great battles of the East that were invari- 
ably fought on open plains, how certain the 
statement is when thick woods and hills inter- 
vene along the battle line, which in this case, 
extended for more than seven miles from right 
to left. 

Soon the bugle sounded the "assembly" and 
our brigade commanded by the late lamented 
General H. B. Hazen, filed out into the Chatta- 
nooga road. We had not moved more than 
half a mile to the left, and down the road, when 
we came to an old partially cleared field and 
deadening, halted, marched into this field and 
formed into " double column at half distance," 
which every soldier knows is the last position 



56 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

before the line of battle is formed. Soon one 
regiment after another took its place in the line, 
and all was ready for the advance into the 
woods in our front where we knew from the 
skirmishing that had been going on all the 
morning, that the enemy's line of battle was 
extending itself, with the evident intention of 
getting between our left and Chattanooga. As 
I have before said, this battle was the first time 
our regiment had been under fire, though the 
other regiments of which our brigade was com- 
posed had done good service at Perryville and 
Stone river. 

I suppose there are plenty of men, that can 
get ready, and go into a battle without fear or 
wavering, but for my part, my recollection of 
that momentous event, is somewhat like an- 
other's, who describes his condition on a certain 
occasion as, "whether in the body, I cannot 
tell, or whether out of the body, I cannot tell ; 
God knoweth." 

But the order to move forward came at last 
and we moved into the pine and oak woods in 
our front. YYe had moved but a few yards into 
the woods, when the enemy opened fire and 
two of my men were wounded at the first dis- 
charge. I was then in command of company 
B 124th O. V. I., composed of my schoolmates 
and scholars, the most of them farmers' sons 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 57 

that knew the use of the rifle ; and but very few 
but that had a larger share of courage than their 
commanding officer. 

I was ordered to deploy my company, as 
skirmishers to cover the regiment, and moved 
to the front. This movement was executed 
under fire and not in very good style. The 
regimental bugle still sounded the forward, 
until my skirmish line was within three hun- 
dred feet of the confederate line of battle. My 
line now attracted the attention of the enemy, 
and drew his fire exclusively. A six gun bat- 
tery was run up to the line, and in less time 
than I can now tell it, my farmer boys had shot 
down every horse and not one of the gunners 
could approach a gun. 

At this time I saw the first man of our regi- 
ment killed, Corporal Atkins. He was a tall, 
finely formed man, a farmer and school-teacher 
by occupation ; an abolitionist, he hated slavery, 
and consequently the slaveholders' rebellion ; and 
many a time around the mirthful campfire had 
he been the object of the friendly raillery of his 
comrades, by reason of his fiery sentiments of 
hatred of that giant wrong ; and sometimes it 
was hinted in his hearing, " the best fighters 
are not as a rule, the best talkers." I can see 
him now as he stands at my right behind the 
sheltering trunk of a large pine loading and 



58 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

firing, in that storm of bullets, as calmly as 
though not at death's carnival. I see the blood 
flowing from his left shoulder, I say, "William, 
you are badly wounded ; go to the rear." Put- 
ting his hand up to his wounded shoulder, and 
extending his left arm says, " see captain, I am 
not much hurt, I want to give them another." 
He draws another cartridge from his box, 
springs his rammer, runs the cartridge half 
down — a bullet from the enemy pierces that 
brave heart, and I see him fall on his face — 
dead. So perished one of those brave sons 
that (ought/or a great principle, which was the 
soul of the union army. By the fortunes of the 
field, we were compelled to leave him there 
" unknelled, uncoffined and unknown," buried^ 
if at all, by the careless enemy. But if there is 
a future where the deeds of the brave and true 
are rewarded, William Atkins will be one of the 
brightest stars in the galaxy of immortal life. 
But I must hasten with my story or I weary 
you, as that day wearied us. 

The skirmish line alone of our regiment was 
engaged. The line of battle could not fire for 
fear of injury to our line, while our line was so 
far advanced that the enemy's fire enfiladed us; 
trees, the ordinary cover of skirmishers, were no 
protection whatever. Our colonel ordered us 
to lie down and our main line opened fire over 




ORPORAL WILLIAM ATKINl 



The first man of th, mth 0. V. I. killed. "See Captain, I am not 
much hurt, I want to give them another. Pagt 58. 



.PUBLIC UBRKRYi 



, ASTOK. r.^NOX VND 
TH^EW FOUNDATIONS 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 59 

us, and it was difficult to tell from which we 
suffered most, the fire of the enemy, or the bad 
marksmanship of the line in the rear. Finally, 
those of us that had not been killed and 
wounded, fell back on the line of battle and 
fought with that line, and thus the day wore 
away. 

In the afternoon, sometime, the order was 
sent around to be saving of our ammunition as 
no more could be had at present, and if the 
confederates charged we must rely upon the 
bayonet. 

About four o'clock in the afternoon, we heard 
the commands of officers in our rear, and turn- 
ing in that direction, we saw the blue of our 
lines over the old field coming to our relief. It 
was General Johnson's division of McCook's 
Corps. They are formed in column by regi- 
mental front, at a distance of about two hun- 
dred yards between regiments. The first regi- 
ment at double-quick rushes through and past 
our broken and decimated ranks, not stopping 
until they come close to the confederate line ; 
then halting abruptly, deliver a well directed 
volley in the face of the enemy, fall and reload, 
while the next regiment rushes over them only 
to repeat what those had done who had gone 
before. It would be almost idle to add that 
the confederates were compelled to fall back 



60 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

though composed of the flower of the army of 
northern Virginia. No men no matter how 
brave, could stand outside of works the deadly 
impetuosity of such a charge. 

I had seen many noble looking men before; 
I have seen many since, but have never seen any 
such men in appearance, as composed that 
charging column that relieved us that dismal 
afternoon at Chickamauga. Had every division 
of the Army of the Cumberland been handled 
and fought as General Johnson's division was 
that afternoon, the historian would write Chick- 
amauga a victory, instead of a defeat. 

After this charge, in which General Johnson 
drove Longstreet's line back to and across the 
river nearly a mile and a half from where we 
had engaged him, we had time to look after our 
wounded men. I received permission to go out 
to the place where we had fought on the skir- 
mish line. Seeing that all the wounded men were 
carefully removed to the rear, I hastened back 
to join my company. If I was filled with terror 
on going into the battle, I was doubly so now. 
To be lost from one's command in time of 
action is hard to explain, and a situation for 
which, among soldiers, there is ever exercised 
very little charity. I inquired of some wounded 
men the direction my regiment had taken, and 
hurrying on, fear lending wings to speed, I 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 61 

halted near a log cabin in a small opening 
where a six gun battery stood, and to the guns 
of which the men were attaching long ropes 
known as prolongs. I soon came upon my 
company and regiment lying flat on the ground, 
and evidently waiting orders. I took my posi- 
tion in the company, thankful that the regiment 
had not been engaged in my absence. In our 
immediate front all was still. The ground 
ascended in a gentle elevation, thickly covered 
with brush but here and there a tree. All at 
once there arose one of those terrible yells that 
only a mass of rebels could produce, and on 
looking to the front, I saw coming down the hill 
a solid mass of confederate infantry; their stars 
and bars flaunting gaily, as the color-bearers 
came dancing on. All at once the right of our 
line began falling back without firing a shot, 
until all had commenced retiring to the right of 
our company. I was chagrined at what seemed 
an ignoble retreat, leaving the battery I had 
passed to certain capture. The rebels had be- 
gan firing, but seemed to fire far above us, as 
the leaves and small branches of the trees fell 
thickly about us. As they came nearer, their 
markmanship seemed to improve, and several 
of my men were wounded, among the number 
was Lieutenant Charles * M. Stedman, who, 
though badly wounded in the shoulder, refused 



62 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

to leave the company until the battle was over. 
He afterward laid his young life on the altar of 
his country at the battle of New Hope Church, 
May 27th, 1864. He was one of the very few 
absolutely brave men, I ever knew. I turned to 
watch the advancing rebel hosts and to see 
what would become of the battery when their 
six guns opened one after another in rapid suc- 
cession, and I saw lanes and alleys open in 
the solid ranks of confederate gray. This 
was repeated as rapidly as the guns could be 
worked and never an over-charged thunder- 
cloud seemed to strike more rapidly, than that 
grand old United States battery poured its 
double-shotted canisters at half distance into 
the now panic-stricken and flying rebel horde. 
A lone battery with no infantry support on its 
left, with the infantry support on its right, for, to 
me, some unaccountable reason retreating with- 
out firing a shot, fighting and repelling an 
entire brigade of confederate infantry. I never 
saw it repeated. I never heard of its being 
repeated in all of my experience in the war, 
thereafter. I don't know what battery it was, 
I never could find out with any certainty, but 
better work was never done by any of those 
brave men that worship their brazen guns more 
than did ever heathen -devotee the molten image 
he calls his God. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 63 

I saw Colonel Beebe of General Hazen's staff 
after this eventful day, and he informed me that 
his duties called him over this portion of the 
field, and it was with difficulty he rode his horse 
among the dead. 

Not thicker do lie the ripened sheaves in the har- 
vest field, where nature has been most generous, 
than did the confederate dead on that lone hillside. 

That night we marched to a new position 
and went into bivouac in line of battle. The 
night was cold and frosty, and as we were not 
permitted to have much fire and had left our 
knapsacks behind, we suffered from the cold; 
but "tired nature's sweet restorer" overcame all 
difficulties, and we lay down and slept among 
the dead as sweetly as though we had been bid- 
den "good-night" in our own northern homes. 

Thus ended the ninteenth day of September, 
1863, and something of what I recollect of the 
campaign of Chattanooga and the first day's 
battle of Chickamauga. 

Sunday morning, September 20th, dawned 
cold and cheerless on the waiting armies. The 
line had been re-formed in the following order : 

The 14th Corps occupied the extreme left, then 
came our corps, the 21st, with McCook on the 
right and the Reserve Corps not yet up. All 
felt that this Sabbath day would decide the fate 
of the army, as well as determine the result of 



04 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

the campaign, for good or ill, to the cause of 
the Union. Early in the morning we were 
ordered to construct such works along our line 
as the material at hand would admit of, for at 
that time in the war we had not learned the 
value of the pick and shovel. It is wonderful 
what men can d'o when in extremity, or when 
their own safety or that of the cause for which 
they battle, requires the exercise of ingenuity or 
industry. Soon old logs, fence rails and every- 
thing else that could stop a bullet, were being 
brought to the line. And by eight o'clock a 
line of works was constructed that, while not 
any defense against artillery, furnished quite a 
sufficient protection against small arms. My 
company was again ordered out as skirmishers 
into the woods in front of the brigade. We had 
not been on the line more than an hour when 
the rebels advanced their line of skirmishers, 
and the firing began. 

My orders were to keep the line well out, and 
to retire only on the line of battle when the 
enemy advanced in force. It was soon evident 
to all that the rebels designed to force the fight- 
ing for we could see his charging lines rapidly 
advancing. We then fell back to our. line of 
log and rail works, and in doing so had to run 
the gauntlet of the fire of excitable men of our 
line that could not be controlled. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 65 

Once over the works, and in position in the 
line, we had not long to wait for the onset. The 
eagerness of the enemy in following the skir- 
mishers soon brought them into rifle range. Our 
Colonel Payne had been very severely wounded 
early the day before, and the command of the 
regiment devolved upon Major James B. Hamp- 
son, who afterwards gave his life to his country 
at Dallas, Ga. With the coolness and bear- 
ing of an old veteran he ordered our regiment 
to hold its lire until the rebels were within close 
range of our works, then, all at once, we arose 
and poured a well-aimed volley into their ranks. 
The 41st O. V. I., directly in our rear and form- 
ing a second line, then gave them a volley and 
their charge was ended. Three times that morn- 
ing the enemy charged our position, only to be 
beaten back in disorder and confusion. 

About this time occurred that terrible mistake 
in the battle that caused the panic and rout of a 
portion of McCook's Corps, and which carried 
our commanding general out of the fight and 
back to Chattanooga, leaving General Thomas to 
fight the battle alone. It was here that General 
Thomas received the title of the " Rock of 
Chickamauga;" and it was from this field that 
General Rosecrans was retired — never to be 
heard from again during the war. 

About eleven o'clock a. m. the confederates 



66 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

commenced a most determined onset on the 
14th Corps at our left. It soon became evident 
that the enemy was gaining ground, as the firing 
came nearer and nearer, and the left kept falling 
back until the cannon shot from the enemy cut 
the limbs from the trees above us, and we ex- 
pected every moment to hear the order "change 
front to rear." The corps to our left had fallen 
back to nearly at right angles with our line, and 
we could plainly see the wounded men being 
borne back or slowly straggling to the rear. 
"There are times in the life of almost anyone 
when the circumstances with which he is sur- 
rounded are burned into his memory as though 
graven with a pen of fire. So on this occasion, 
although the enemy had been badly beaten in 
our front, we saw our line of battle momentarily 
crumbling away on our left. Visions of Libby, 
Salisbury and Andersonville came before us, 
and it did seem as though our fate was destruc- 
tion or captivity. While intensely watching 
the progress of the battle on our left, all at 
once we saw the front of a column of men com- 
ing on the double-quick out of the woods in our 
rear. They advance nearly up to our position, 
they halt, and face to the left. We saw an officer 
on a white horse ride up to a color bearer. He 
takes the standard out of his hand, and with the 
grand old stars and stripes in one hand, his 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 67 

sword in the other, he gallops to the front ; the 
ranks of blue follow fast their intrepid leader. 
Then was battle on in all the grandeur of its 
pomp and circumstance. No one single musket 
could be heard, but as some vast storm that 
comes sweeping on from the northwest with a 
roar that is appallingly sublime, mingled the vol- 
leys of the contending hosts, while the salvos of 
the artillery cause the earth to tremble as in the 
throes of an earthquake. Our line swings back, 
like a gate on its hinges, to its former position. 
But where is that glorious spirit that led that 
gallant charge that has saved us from capture 
and our army from certain defeat ? An orderly 
is seen leading back the white horse "that car- 
ried his master into the fray," but no rider is 
there. "Wounded, but not mortally" is the 
word that is passed from lip to lip. And that 
brave Polish officer, General Turchin, still lives 
to receive the thanks and honors of his adopted 
countrymen. This was the same officer that 
rebelled against the old world tyranny and, in 
1848, with Sigel, Willich, Schurz, Austerhause 
and many others, fought for liberty in the father- 
land until fighting was hopeless; and for the 
liberty they could never win in their country 
came to ours ; but, strange to say, not one of 
them ever drew his sword in the cause of the 
slaveholders rebellion. Very many of them, as 



68 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

some one has truly said, "wrote their naturaliza- 
tion papers in their blood." 

About two o'clock p. m. our brigade was 
relieved from the line where we had fought 
in the morning, and held in reserve, ready to 
be taken to any point on the line where our 
services might be most needed. The enemy, by 
the mistake that I have referred to before, had 
driven a portion of McCook's Corps from the 
field and entirely out of the battle, and had 
extended its left so far to the rear as to cut us 
off from a large spring that had furnished us 
with water the day before. From the time of 
this calamity in the morning we had no water, 
and the air was thick with the sulphurous smoke 
that created an intense thirst. The men were 
clamoring and insisting that someone should 
go for water. There was one member of our 
company, George Benton, that by his kindness 
of heart, and implicit and cheerful obedience to 
orders, had won the respect and confidence of 
his officers and the hearts of his fellow soldiers. 
In speech, modest and kindly, yet in the battle 
he had shown himself as brave as the bravest. 
George came to me loaded down with canteens, 
and asked permission to go to the rear and try 
to find water. I, with some emphasis, refused. 
The men at that set up a clamor, and insisted 
that they were suffering for want of water. I 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. • 69 

explained the hazardous nature of the enter- 
prise. I assured them from the firing that our 
right was well turned, and that anyone going 
back, alone and unattended, was liable to 
be killed, wounded, or captured, which all 
dreaded more than death or wounds by rea- 
son of the inhuman treatment our soldiers re- 
ceived while in rebel prisons. I said to George, 
"I am afraid you will never come back." With 
a smile of determination lighting up that noble 
young face, he replied, "I will come back, cap- 
tain, or I will be a dead Benton." I was not 
quite strong enough for the emergency. I made 
a mistake. That mistake cost George Benton 
his life. He never returned. Whether he fell 
by a stray bullet, in those deep woods and 
thickets, or whether he was captured and mur- 
dered in prison, I know not. The records of 
Salisbury and Andersonville were searched, 
after the war, but on none could the name of 
George Benton be found. After we had fallen 
back on Chattanooga letters came from his 
father and sisters, inquiring concerning the fate 
of son and brother. No one can know with 
what bitterness I reproached myself for allow- 
ing myself to be pursuaded against my better 
judgment; and learning by that sad lesson — no 
member of company B was ever again reported 
"missing in action." I saw the father and sis- 



70 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

ters when we came back from the war, and told 
them what I had already written them before of 
the way George was lost; but "hope, like an 
anchor to the soul, sure and steadfast," would 
not suffer them to give up their dear boy as 
lost. They hoped that some day, like a lost 
mariner, he would come from perphaps captivity 
and sickness, to gladden their hearts and relieve 
the suspense that was crushing their lives. But 
twenty-seven autumns have returned since that 
brave boy was lost to sight in the smoke that 
covered that dread field of Chickamauga, but no 
tidings ever came of that one, who was gladly 
willing to risk his life to alleviate the sufferings 
of his comrades, and was permitted to do so by 
the weakness of his commanding officer. 

At about four o'clock p. m. our attention was 
drawn to the heavy firing on our extreme right, 
and we conjectured that our Reserve Corps was 
being brought into action. It proved to be true. 
General Granger came up and with his corps 
that had known but little, if anything, of the dis- 
asters of the day, charged the enemy with the 
force and effect of victors. 

But it seemed it was not the purpose of Gen- 
eral Thomas to contend for the field of battle, 
and to General Granger's Corps was assigned 
the duty of covering the retreat of the balance 
of the army. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 71 

It was Wellington (whom his comrades loved 
to call the " Iron Duke ") that said at the battle 
of Waterloo, " would that sundown or Bliicher 
had come." And never did sundown hang his 
somber curtain over a more grateful body of 
men than those that remained of the Army of 
the Cumberland. Just as the sun began to cast 
the long shadows to the eastward our brigade 
was retired to the west for about half a mile, 
still in order of battle ; but any one could discern 
that a general retreat was to be commenced as 
soon as the friendly darkness should cover us 
from the view of the enemy. While in this 
position we heard cheers from what seemed to 
be a great body of men, and the rumor was at 
once out that General Burnside had reinforced 
us from Knoxville. We answered the cheers 
as heartily as our tired bodies and depressed 
spirits would permit, and the sky was ablaze 
with the rockets that shot up from the direction 
from which we had heard the cheering. Men- 
denhall's battery of Rodman guns was at that 
time just in our front. He ordered his men to 
load with canister, and then I heard him re- 
mark " that is the last round of ammunition this 
battery has." 

Some one out toward the skirmish line heard 
the order "Ninth Louisiana, forward, double- 
quick, march," and pretty effectually dispelled 



72 Campaigns of the I2j.th Regiment, 

the delusion that the cheering and rocket party 
were our friends under General Burnside. It 
was now quite dark, and tired, depressed and 
supperless, we commenced the march that meant 
that the battlefield, with all its treasures of our 
dead heroes, was to be abandoned to the tender 
mercies of an enemy that looked upon us as 
invaders and destroyers of their rights and lib- 
erties. It was, indeed, a sad hour. Two days 
before we had gone into this conflict with full 
ra:*ks and high hopes of victory. Now we were 
"silently stealing away" under cover of the 
darkness, like dastardly assassins, when, in fact, 
we were there in the holy cause of liberty for all 
men, and for the union of the states as against 
rebellion and treason. We were leaving our 
beloved dead, uncomposed, unburied, with noth- 
ing to mark the spot where they fell, with no 
place of sepulture, with no requiem, save the 
soughing of the south wind through the banners 
of the majestic pines, or the nightly songs of the 
sweet voiced southern mocking bird. 

" We carved not a line, we raised not a stone, 
But we left them alone in their glory." 

We drew away into the defiles of the hills, 
and the glad sound of the splashing of the 
horses' hoofs in the little streams that trickled 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 73 

from the hillsides, then the scraping of the tin 
cups could be heard (the efforts of the boys to 
get a drink of the muddy hoof-trodden water); 
but straining it through the teeth, no nectar 
quaffed by the fabled gods of old ever tasted so 
refreshing as did that grand beverage of nature 
to those battle-stained soldiers that night 

Of the route we marched that night I never 
had the least information ; but when the sun 
arose over the mountains of North Carolina, the 
twenty-first day of September, it looked down 
upon the old army in order of battle on the 
summit of Missionary Ridge. All day we kept 
this position, but the confederates wanted no 
more fighting on this occasion, and, you can be- 
lieve me, they had my entire sympathies. 

Some have said that both armies retreated 
from the field of battle, and had our army stayed 
on the field the night of the twentieth, no 
confederate army would have confronted it on 
the morning of the twenty-first. But this story, 
though I am told it has gone into history, I 
never believed to be true. In the first place, the 
confederate general, Bragg, had, when the cam- 
paign commenced, an army nearly equal in 
numbers to our own, with no rear to take care 
of and guard. Secondly, after he crossed the 
mountains he was reinforced by General Long- 
street's Corps from the army of northern Vir- 



74 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

ginia. And, thirdly, he had at his command 
(but not called into the battle to any extent) a 
large force of Georgia state militia. 

Then again, the second day of the battle Mc- 
Cook's Corps was largely cut to pieces and de- 
stroyed for fighting business. The 14th and 
2 1 st Corps were badly cut up in the two days 
fighting, and at the close of the second day al- 
most destitute of ammunition. And finally, there 
was the movement of men before sundown to 
inform that we were abandoning the field. So 
it never seemed credible that the confederates 
were retreating the night of the twentieth as 
well as ourselves. 

The night of the twenty-first we fell back and 
entrenched a position just outside of the then 
small village of Chattanooga. The victorious 
confederates occupied the whole extent of Mis- 
sionary Ridge, and soon appeared in force on 
the summit of Lookout. 

So I have given you, in great weakness and 
imperfection, some of my recollections of the 
memorable campaign of Chattanooga and the 
battle of Chickamauga. I have read no book or 
history giving an account of the campaign and 
battle. Being simply an officer in the line my 
chances for observation were very limited, and 
very many of my conclusions are, without doubt, 
inaccurate. The plans of a battle, always an 




PRIVATE GEORGE BENTON. 
•I will come back or I will I" a dead Benton." Pagi 69. 



PUBLIC U6^ Ry 



t,E^O X 



AND 



yszz**"* " 



Ohio Volufiteer Infantry. 75 

interesting feature of history, I have, as a matter 
of course, been compelled to omit. 

But if this unworthy effort has revived patri- 
otic memories in the minds of those of you who 
can remember the w T ar, or revived the recollec- 
tions of my old comrades in arms, or given some 
faint idea to those that have come after us of 
what was attempted and suffered by those that 
strove " to keep our flag in the sky " in all those 
dark years, I have been amply rewarded for the 
attempt. 

Chickamauga was in one sense a battle lost ; 
but by it we won the campaign, and from the 
ground beyond the mountains and beyond the 
river that we had crossed, the invincible Sher- 
man led his victorious legions into and through 
the very vitals of the confederacy. 

It was one of those grand struggles between 
brave men that has marked the progress of lib- 
erty and right in all ages ; that has cemented us 
firmly in the bonds of Unity and Fraternity 
and made us in arms invincible as against the 
world. 



First delivered before the River Styx Literary Society, March 
12th, 1887. 



THE SIEGE OF CHATTANOOGA, THE BATTLE OF LOOKOUT 

MOUNTAIN, AND THE STORMING OF 

MISSIONARY RIDGE. 

The battle of the nineteenth and twentieth of 
September, 1863, had resulted in disaster instead 
of victory. The Army of the Cumberland had 
been forced to retire, to abandon Missionary 
Ridge, and to fortify a line running through the 
outskirts of the village of Chattanooga from 
Cameron Hill, near the river below to the river 
above. 

The victorious rebels came on and took pos- 
session of the entire length of Missionary Ridge, 
fortifying the same with strong parapets of 
earth, while one hundred pieces of artillery soon 
found position on the Ridge from right to left. 

General Bragg also took possession of Look- 
out mountain, and planted some very heavy 
guns near the summit, just above the palisades. 
I never knew why those guns did not render 
our position around Chattanooga entirely un- 
tenable, unless it was the poor quality of the 
guns or lack of ammunition. All the execution 
that I ever heard of those guns doing was to 

(77) 



78 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

kill a mule that would have died of starvation 
later on. Those hundred-pounders that were 
planted on the summit of Lookout were, for 
some reason, only fired a few times, and not for 
weeks prior to the time the siege was raised. 

Never in the history of the Army of the Cum- 
berland had the spirit of its officers and men 
been more depressed. The battle of Chicka- 
mauga had not only been fought and lost, but 
we also lost what was more than loosing a bat- 
tle. We had lost confidence in our commander. 

And I think when the order came relieving 
General Rosecrans and placing General Grant 
in command of the Army of the Cumberland, 
there were few regrets expressed, even among 
those that had theretofore given General Rose- 
crans the title of " Hero of Stone River." But, 
in my humble judgment, one thing, and one 
thing only, saved the Army of the Cumberland. 
If General Rosecrans had shown himself incom- 
petent to command the army at the battle of 
Chickamauga, the rebel general, Bragg, was 
possessed of a stupidity that more than over- 
balanced the incompetency of Rosecrans. 

Just for one moment view our situation. Al- 
most surrounded. No railroad communications 
over which to supply rations or ammunition. 
No transportation whatever, save one wagon 
road over Raccoon mountain, and that so ex- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 79 

posed in places to the rebel sharpshooters that 
the teamsters (though in a sense noncombat- 
ants) were constantly exposed to the fire of an 
enemy they could neither see nor reply to. 
Then the road itself was simply horrible. When 
not bounding over ledges of rocks that nothing 
but an army wagon could withstand, they mired 
in the quicksand holes with which the way 
abounded, so that at times an empty wagon 
was more than a load for a six mule team. 
Then, this only road was constantly exposed 
to the raids of troops of the rebel mounted 
infantry. It was of this road a story is told 
of a teamster that was stuck with a load of am- 
munition in one of those miry places, and while 
he was waking the mountain echoes with his 
black whip and profanity, was overtaken by an 
"army chaplain," just fresh from some theological 
seminary of the north, and had not made the 
acquaintance of the army mule driver. Hearing 
the terrible profanity of this Jehu stuck fast in 
the mud, thought this a fitting opportunity to 
"sow the good seed," and riding up to the dis- 
gusted M. D. said, " My friend, do you know 
that Christ died for sinners?" The M. D., with 
a glance at the new and dazzling uniform of 
the chaplain, sang out, " Look a yer stranger, do 
you think it's any time for conundrums when 
I'm stuck fast in the mud and the rebels not a 



80 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

quarter of a mile in the rear ? " Whether the 
chaplain thought his "ground was stony," or 
that the rebels were too near, he abandoned 
his theological lesson and left the M. D. to 
his fate. 

In this situation of transportation, with no 
country on which to forage or draw any sup- 
plies whatever, with the Tennessee river behind 
us, with the Cumberland mountains beyond the 
river, with more than two hundred miles from 
the nearest reinforcements, what but the stu- 
pidity of Bragg saved us from destruction while 
in that position. 

But, instead of striking us while depressed by 
defeat, he suffered us to select our position, and 
before ten days had elapsed our line was brist- 
ling with forts of no mean dimensions and 
strength, putting our capture beyond the possi- 
bility of being accomplished by assault. 

The siege of Chattanooga proper began about 
the twenty-fifth of September. It was not long 
after this before a flag of truce was sent to Gen- 
eral Bragg's headquarters on Missionary Ridge, 
asking the privilege of going out to the Chicka- 
mauga battlefield to bury our dead. It had 
been so slightly done that in some instances 
not enough dirt had been thrown over the sleep- 
ing braves to cover their uniforms. This last 
sad office was tenderly and carefully performed; 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 81 

and in all instances where there was anything 
to identify the dead soldier, his name, company, 
and regiment were marked on rude headboards 
that could be improvised on the spot. But alas ! 
the fact that we, as an army, could not collect 
our dead after the battle, caused thousands to 
sleep in nameless graves. 

After the war this army of known and un- 
known dead was carefully removed to the Na- 
tional Cemetery at Orchard Knob, near the base 
of the ridge, and buried ; all the known neatly 
marked ; but how frequently the word un- 
known occurs in that beautiful home of the 
dead soldier. 

One good result, besides the decent interment 
of our dead, was the fact that all of our wounded 
that were not able to be removed to southern 
prisons were paroled and sent into Chattanoo- 
ga. One of our men, Arthur Budlong, had lain 
upon the battlefield until our boys found him 
and brought him in under the flag of truce. 
Thus were the severities of war somewhat 
modified by the humanity of man that not even 
the unseemly war-cloud could altogether over- 
shadow. 

The monotony and dreariness of a siege can 
be appreciated only by those that have taken 
part therein. Language fails me to give you 
anything like an adequate idea of its listless 



82 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

torments. While on the march the scenery is 
constantly changing. The exercise of marching 
keeps one healthy, and keeps one's mind em- 
ployed and the banishment from home and 
loved ones does not occupy so much of one's 
thoughts. The skirmishing and fighting, while 
dreadful in consequences and results, has on the 
soldier, to a certain extent, an exhilarating ef- 
fect; and the hours spent thereafter, in the tales 
of personal adventure and experience, while 
causing one sometimes to think that the tribe 
of "Ananias" was not extinct, yet these tales 
of personal valor and daring helped to cheer 
and while away many an idle hour ; and, as a 
rule, no one was deceived "by the tales they 
told us there." But in the siege every day was 
like all the others ; and from the time we fell back 
on Chattanooga until operations began about 
the twentieth of November, the sky was cloud- 
less. And while the long Indian summer pe- 
riod of southern Tennessee, so delightful to the 
citizen in time of peace, to us soldiers (to a cer- 
tain extent in captivity) it seemed to breed 
melancholy and homesickness. We did all we 
could to avert this trouble. We played seven- 
up until we almost wore the spots off the cards. 
We smoked and "jawed." We criticised the 
plans of campaigns and battles. We decided 
the merits of brigadier and major generals un- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 83 

til, could you have heard us, you would have 
thought we were writers formulating articles for 
the Century Magazine instead of besieged sold- 
iers trying to drive away enui. Oh, if baseball 
had been invented then what regimental, bri- 
gade and division clubs we could have organ- 
ized, with hospitals handy to care for the 
wounded. If we had only known the silly but 
fascinating game of lawn tennis our sick list 
would have been shortened. 

But these were not all of our troubles. Our 
commissary department began to get hard up 
and threatened suspension. Now, for the pur- 
pose of being understood by the Sons of Vet- 
erans and the young people that hear me, suffer 
me to explain. A ration is an allowance, issued 
by the commissary department, of the various 
things on which soldiers are fed, to-wit: hard 
bread (called hard-tack), bacon (sometimes called 
sow-belly), fresh beef, beans, rice, coffee, sugar, 
salt and pepper, and sometimes, under favorable 
circumstances, soft bread. Now a full ration is 
ample for three meals, and sometimes a little to 
spare when fidl. We had not been in a state of 
siege long (owing to the defective transporta- 
tion of which I have spoken) before we were put 
on half rations, that is, one-half of three meals or 
one and one-half meals a day; and before many 
days after we were put on quarter rations, that is> 



84 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

three-fourths of one meal a day. Now any of 
you that have tried to live on less than enough 
for one meal a day (and are no relation to Dr. 
Tanner) will realize the situation we were in. 
While our rations were short and, in fact, fast 
growing less, the health of the men was materi- 
ally impaired. The truth is, as a rule, while in 
camp soldiers eat too much, and exercise too 
little. The quarter rations were helped out by 
stealing corn from the famishing mules, which 
the soldiers parched and ate. The mules and 
horses that were not sent to the rear died of 
starvation, so that, at the time the operations 
began against the position of the enemy, we 
had not a horse to move a gun. Could we have 
moved our light batteries on to the Ridge, im- 
mediately after the assault, the loss to the en- 
emy would have been much more severe. But 
while the starvation, the enforced fast that we 
suffered, mav have been beneficial to the health 
of the men, their morals seemed to decrease in 
a corresponding ratio. Stealing whatever one 
could get his hands on to eat became not only 
prevalent, but popular. The brigade commis- 
saries had to be guarded to keep them from 
being plundered, while not infrequently the 
guards proved to be simply cappers for the 
hungry thieves of the regiments from which 
they were respectively detailed. Officer's mess- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 85 

chests were raided ; and one could not get up 
in the night without seeing some adventurous 
fellow slipping through the rows of tents with a 
box of hard-tack on his shoulders. Holes were 
excavated under the floors of the tents, and 
used as storing places for the plunder obtained 
by these nocturnal adventures. I now distinctly 
remember one " Israelite, in whom there was no 
guile," of company I, that the boys for short 
called "Jew Jake," that more than kept his mess 
in hard bread during that time of scarcity. But 
the sad part of the whole business was that, 
while the raiders and plunderers had all and 
more than they needed in the way of bread, the 
honest ones had comparatively less, as the com- 
missary department distributed with absolute 
fairness the scanty rations it had to issue. And 
for once there was no favoritism shown to the 
officers. An officer could not buy more than was 
issued for a ration to a private soldier. But I 
am, as I remember it from this great lapse of 
time, in no situation to be very hard upon those 
volunteer commissary sergeants that were so 
willing to help issue rations, even if they had to 
go on night duty, for, as I now remember it, Jew 
Jake was a great friend to the mess of which I 
was a member. And when the time was that 
the new white hard-tack looked brighter and 
better than silver dollars to a people's party 



86 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

man, no questions were asked as to how they 
were issued. 

But the day of our deliverance was fast ap- 
proaching. Above the village and on the river, 
inside of our lines, was an old steam sawmill 
that probably had not turned a wheel since the 
war began. This was discovered by some one, 
put in order by some soldier (for we had plenty 
of soldiers in our ranks that could repair and 
put in running order, anything from a watch to 
a locomotive), and, on taking a stroll in that di- 
rection one day, I saw a gang of soldiers saw- 
ing two-inch planks. These planks were slipped 
into the river, and landed further down town 
for further use in the great drama that we were 
preparing to enact. We had not been penned 
up long in Chattanooga before the country be- 
came aroused at the danger to the Army of the 
Cumberland. Luckily for us almost everyone 
saw our danger save General Bragg, and he 
seemed to have no hostile designs on our army. 
Truly, it seems to me, General Bragg was the 
General McClellan of the confederate army, with- 
out McClellan's powers of organization and his 
delight in grand reviews. 

As I have stated before, the authorities super- 
ceded General Rosecrans, and put the Army of 
the Cumberland, and all other forces to be as- 
sembled, in command of the "Hero of Vicks- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 87 

burg," " the silent conqueror of rebel armies and 
strongholds." But that was not all; the gov- 
ernment, by the aid of the matchless executive 
ability of Edwin M. Stanton, President Lincoln's 
war secretary, withdrew the 20th Corps, com- 
manded by General Joe Hooker, from the Army 
of the Potomac, transferred them by rail and put 
them into camp at Bridgeport, on the Tennessee 
river about fifty miles below Chattanooga, in 
seven days' time. This was the most rapid move- 
ment of troops ever known in the world's history. 
In the meantime General Sherman with his west- 
ern veterans was on the long march from the 
Mississippi, headed for Chattanooga. I remem- 
ber one night the rumor came by "the grape- 
vine telegraph," " Hooker was at Bridgeport, 
Ala.," and soon the shout " Hooker has come — 
Hooker has come — Hooker's at Bridgeport" 
ran along our lines. Even the never ending 
seven-up was abandoned, and the men gathered 
in squads to inquire and discuss our prospec- 
tively bettered condition and situation, while the 
officers hastened to headquarters, anxious to 
have the rumor confirmed. It was not long be- 
fore an officer from the 20th Corps was seen in 
Chattanooga, and then the enthusiasm of the 
Army of the Cumberland knew no bounds. 
But Lookout valley was in the possession of 
the enemy, and it was the purpose of General 



88 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

Grant to lodge General Hooker's Corps in that 
valley, preparatory to swinging it around the 
north side of Lookout mountain. 

Day after day the sound of the ax and the 
hammer might have been heard at the steam- 
boat landing in front of the village. It was the 
building of boats from the material sawed at the 
mill above. The boats were constructed on the 
pontoon pattern, not deep, but wide, and if the 
rebels took notice of the work they would have 
been justified in believing from appearances, 
that our intention was to construct a pontoon 
bridge across the river from Chattanooga. But 
that was not the intention. One day there 
came an ©rder from General Hazen, who com- 
manded our brigade, to furnish so many men, 
picked men, on account of their known bravery 
and soldierly character. Also, a certain number 
of officers to be selected for the same qualities. 
We furnished the requisite number from corn- 
any B, and so did each company of the regi- 
ment, but the name of your unworthy speaker 
was not on the list of officers. He was not 
either among those called or chosen. Of course, 
I did not know that our gallant Colonel Pick- 
ands considered me worthy for the expedition 
at hand; but I did know that my saber had 
been hanging idly in his tent "for low, these 
many days," and being there duty was not for 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 89 

me until I was again put in possession of the 
same. So I stayed in camp with Captain 
Powell of company G and some other officers 
and men; because, while all were brave enough, 
all could not be chosen. I think the number 
selected from our brigade was three hundred, 
commanded by that prince among fine officers, 
the late lamented General Hazen. 

That night the detail were all gotten ready 
and down to the landing; and at midnight, 
when the young moon had hidden its bright 
crescent behind the Cumberlands, and the fog 
from the river had wrapped the base of old 
Lookout in an impenetrable cloud of mist, the 
"three hundred" embarked silently, and the 
current of the river bore them down to the 
point where the work was to be done. They 
swept along without accident; and not even the 
sleepless rebel pickets, that lined the left bank 
of the river, discovered their presence. Just be- 
fore the sun began to chase away the darkness 
from the east they halted at Brown's Ferry, the 
place of their destination. Their boats were 
hastily shoved ashore and the skirmish line 
formed, and before the rebels in Lookout valley 
knew what was going forward, the " three hun- 
dred " of our brigade awoke them from their 
dreams by the crack of their muskets, as they 
scattered the rebel picket line posted along the 



90 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

river, and before the sun was up Hooker's 
legions were pouring into the valley and on 
their way to the north base of Lookout, and by 
the time the sun had set that day Hooker's 
skirmish line was in sight of Chattanooga. 

This signal success at Brown's Ferry, more 
remarkable for the boldness of its plan and the 
daring with which it was executed than anything 
else, did not cost our brigade the loss of a man, 
either killed or wounded, but it gave Hooker a 
foothold in Lookout valley whereby he swept it 
of rebels and opened up our cracker line, as the 
boys called it, and in a few days 'we had full 
supply. From the date of the expedition to 
Brown's Ferry whatever there was of the siege 
of Chattanooga was raised. 

THE BATTLE OF LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN. 

Not many days after the capture of Look- 
out valley by Hooker the head column of Gen- 
eral Sherman's troops came up on the west 
side of the river and commenced laying a 
pontoon bridge across, and soon the western 
boys, all dusty and begrimed by their long 
march, came filing through our camps. To say 
they received a hearty welcome from the Army 
of the Cumberland is drawing it mildly. They 
were no paper collar soldiers. They not only 
had the bearing of veterans, but victors. They 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 91 

marched out east of town and went into camp 
near Tunnel hill. Even soldiers often have but 
little idea of the time it takes to move a great 
army of men from one position to another. It 
consumed an entire day for General Sherman's 
army to pass out to their camp. 

The twenty-third day of November, 1863, the 
Army of the Cumberland moved out late in the 
afternoon, none of us knowing the purpose. We 
formed in a continuous line of battle with a 
heavy skirmish line well in the front. At the 
word of command we all moved in the direction 
of the ridge. 

Before the rebels seemed to be aware of what 
was intended we had come up to our picket 
line, and that also advanced with our skirmish- 
ers, when the rebel outposts in most places gave 
way without showing much resistance. But 
where the rebel line crossed Orchard Knob they 
had quite respectable rifle pits which they de- 
fended with some spirit, causing the 41st O. V. 
I. some trouble in dislodging them, and thereby 
we had some few men wounded in our brigade. 
This line, formerly occupied by the rebel out- 
posts, we at once commenced fortifying by 
throwing up strong rifle pits of earth and stone. 
We then advanced our skirmish line well out 
toward the base of the ridge. One of the pris- 
oners that we captured said: "Weuns thought 



92 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

youns was coming out for a review, we didn't 
think youns was coming out to fight weuns." 
We informed the Johnny that General Grant was 
commanding us, and he was not a review gen- 
eral. That night we bivouaced on the line, 
working on the rifle pits by details. It might 
be well enough to here remark that the saber of 
the subscriber, that had so long hung in the tent 
of Colonel Pickands, was shortly before this for- 
ward movement returned, owing to the fact that 
the little unpleasantness that had occurred with 
General Willich had fallen into the condition of 
"inoxous disuetude," and your humble servant 
was permitted to carry that then and now totally 
useless appendage of an officer until the muster- 
out man relieved him therefrom. 

For fear some of you may think my offense 
was more serious than it was, and that all may 
know just how severe army discipline was in 
those times when men for the good of their coun- 
try submitted to the petty tyranny and whims of 
their superiors, I have concluded to relate the 
experience I had of being under arrest. It was 
one of those beautiful Indian summer days 
when, under conditions of peace, bare existence 
is a luxury, I had command of the reserve post 
in front of Fort Wood. To relieve the tedium 
of the hour, myself and three non-commissioned 
officers on duty with me were engaged in the 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 93 

army orthodox game of "seven-up." On look- 
ing to the eastward I saw a general officer and 
his staff approaching as they came over the top 
of a hill. I immediately turned out the reserve, 
and when the cavalcade rode up I gave the 
order "present arms," which was obeyed in 
good style, but instead of General Willich and 
his staff riding away with a kind good morning, 
he said, "Captain, you report mit your Colonel 
under arrest," and without telling me what the 
"head and front of my offending" consisted of, 
I started back to the headquarters of my regi- 
ment. I deposited my cheese knife with the 
Colonel, and he directed me to report to the 
brigade commander, and he directed me to 
report to General Willich, whom I found in an 
old log house. I made known to him my busi- 
ness. After producing a snuffbox as large as 
an army frying pan, and after filling very well 
his nasal appendage, commenced in about this 
style: "Cap'n, you blay cards mit your men. 
I b lay cards. I blay cards mit officers, but not 
mit men. You blay cards mit your men — mit 
your enlisted men. Your men not have respect 
mit you. Then when you come mit the battle, 
you lose control mit your men, you company 
preaks, the regiment preaks, and the brigade 
goes to the tyfle. You go mit your quarters, I 
prefer charges mit you." Here was a splendid 



94 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

Prussian officer that at this late period of the 
war had not learned the value of the volunteer 
soldier and that it was perfectly safe to treat 
him when off duty like any other gentleman of 
equal merit. This fact was known in our regi- 
ment from the start, and the difference between 
the officer and the enlisted man was never 
asserted only for the purpose of duty — the good 
of the service. The charges of the brave Prus- 
sian officer were preferred in due time, and, be- 
fore this movement that I have described, were 
withdrawn at the instance of General Wm. B. 
Hazen, and that was the last that was ever 
heard of the charges of "blaying cards mit 
your men." 

November 24th the midst hung heavy on the 
summit of Lookout and almost hid the monarch 
of the Cumberlands from our view. Nothing 
occurred to break the monotony of the soldier's 
life until about half past ten o'clock a. m. a 
heavy firing commenced on the other side of 
Lookout from us, and rumor (the soldiers tele- 
graph) said " that Hooker was advancing up 
the west and north sides of the mountain." This 
did not long lack confirmation, for our fort on 
Cameron Hill soon commenced shelling the 
woods that covered the mountain, save a 
cleared field just below the palisades, in a very 
spirited manner. This fire was returned by the 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 95 

big rebel guns mounted on the summit of 
Lookout, just above the palisades, but for some 
reason seemed entirely ineffective. 

How many of those present ever heard a 
vigorous cannonading in a mountainous coun- 
try? Of course, nearly all the old soldiers 
present to-day have. The mountain ridges 
were so situated around Chattanooga that a 
single discharge of a cannon would be repeated 
by the echo five and six times, the second and 
third nearly as loud as the first discharge. 

You can therefore imagine the grandeur of 
an artillery duel in these mountains. General 
Grant ordered a battery down near Chattanooga 
creek, that runs between the town and the base 
of the mountain, which did effective work 
in shelling the woods all day, and must have 
been most terribly annoying to the rebels. It 
was not long before we could tell by the firing 
coming nearer that Hooker's veterans from the 
east were driving the rebels before them, and 
soon the lines of blue smoke could be seen ris- 
ing above the trees. All eyes were now cen- 
tered on Lookout, and in a short time we could 
see the rebels had fallen back to the open field 
below the palisades, in which at that time stood 
a farm house. 

Presently we could see the lines of blue com- 
ing from out the woods into the open field, and 



96 Ca?npaigns of the I2^.th Regiment, 

from their direction and extension they must 
have reached from the base of the mountain to 
the palisades. The fighting seemed heaviest 
on the east side of the open field ; but nothing 
could withstand the force of the constant charge 
that Hooker was making, and when the sun 
went down the rebel line was driven back well 
along the east side of the mountain and nearly 
opposite the w r est end of Missionary Ridge. 
The skirmish lines kept up a constant fire until 
after midnight, marking their positions by the 
continuous blaze of the musketry. Two lines 
of musketry running up the steep sides of a 
mountain in plain view, and constantly belching 
forth their tongues of flame, is a sight most 
inspiring, and seen only once in a lifetime. 

That night the rebels abandoned Lookout, 
and the next morning we greeted the grand old 
stars and stripes floating proudly from the sum- 
mit of that mountain peak, in place of the 
traitorous emblem that we had been compelled 
to gaze upon, in disgust, for so many long sad 
weeks. 

THE BATTLE OF MISSIONARY RIDGE. 

We fought the battle of Missionary Ridge 
with the great victory of the battle of Lookout 
mountain as an inspiration, and the flag the 
gallant Hooker planted there waiving above us. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 97 

Some have supposed that the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridge was fought without any definite 
plan save to find the enemy and fight him, 
but this is an error. While the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridge was a brilliant success, could Gen- 
eral Grant's plan have been carried out Bragg's 
entire army must have been destroyed or cap- 
tured. Hooker was ordered to withdraw from 
the mountain early in the morning of the twenty- 
fifth, cross Chattanooga creek and move up the 
valley to Rossville, and thereby substantially 
turn Bragg's left flank. Sherman was to attack 
his right flank at Tunnel Hill, while Thomas, in 
direct command of the Army of the Cumberland, 
was to hold the center, and fall on his rear the 
moment he saw any indications that Bragg was 
withdrawing to support his right or left. But it 
was never intended that the ridge should be 
climbed in the face of the enemy, without either 
of his flanks being turned or shaken. No gen- 
eral ever dreamed of the storming of Missionary 
Ridge before the charge began. The best plans 
of battles often fail of execution. When General 
Hooker struck Chattanooga creek he found a 
stream he could not ford, and was compelled to 
bridge in face of the enemy and under a heavy 
fire. And instead of being able to reach Ross- 
ville early in the day, as was expected by Grant, 
he found himself confronted by the enemy more 



98 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

resolute and determined than had opposed him 
on the mountain the day before. 

Sherman opened the battle on our left with 
great vigor and determination, and from our 
position we could see his charging columns ; 
but he found the enemy in a very strong posi- 
tion, naturally, improved by very strong works, 
and he seemed to make little, if any, progress. 

Our line ran through the edge of a small 
growth of timber. To the front there was a soap- 
stone plateau of about six hundred yards, before 
reaching the base of the ridge, where ran a line 
of the enemy's rifle pits well filled with infantry. 
Our skirmish line covered the entire front of the 
brigade, and soon after our position had been 
taken Colonel Pickands came to the officers of 
the regiment with the order that " at the firing 
of six guns from Fort Wood, and the sounding 
of the forward, we must face to the front, and 
not suffer ourselves to be checked until we put 
ourselves into the rebel works at the base of the 
ridge." 

No emotion was visible in the soldierly face 
of our brave colonel, save, perhaps, a little more 
violent chewing of a large quid of the weed that 
added rotundity to his bronzed weather-beaten 
cheek. His further order was that we inform 
each man in the ranks of what was expected of 
him. Commanding at the time company B, it 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. \)\) 

was my painful duty to break the news to those 
that I had known from boyhood, and that I had 
learned to love as brothers. No one that I 
communicated the order to, but turned pale. 

If the Light Brigade, that Tennyson has im- 
mortalized, was ordered "into the jaws of death, 
into the gates of hell," what was to be our fate 
when, the moment our line struck the open pla- 
teau, one hundred guns would be opened on us 
from the summit of the ridge ; while the infan- 
try, safe in its works at the foot of the ridge, 
would be in deadly range from the moment we 
emerged from the little strip of timber that con- 
cealed our line. Now there was nothing to do 
but wait. Now the time hung heavy. Now the 
soldier's thoughts were filled with home and 
the loved ones left behind, and what would be- 
come of them if he should fall in the terrific 
charge that he knew would soon have to be made. 

It is the dreadful waiting that is more terri- 
ble than the shock of battle. When once within 
the storm of the leaden hail the soldier seems 
to rise to a higher plane of life; and while his 
comrades fall around him, the din of battle in 
his ears, the groans of the wounded and dying, 
the shouts of defiance of the enemy, and encour- 
agement of his comrades are ringing out on ev- 
ery hand, he feels as much the master of the 
storm of battle as the eagle of the storm cloud. 



100 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

But the waiting at last comes to an end. 
Hooker has found more difficulties in pushing 
his column to the right of the ridge and in the 
direction of Rossville, than had been anticipated, 
and as the sun was slowly sinking toward the 
crest of Waldron's Ridge the cannon belched 
forth from Fort Wood. 

Every soldier of the 124th was instantly in 
position, and as the silvery notes of the bugle 
sounded the forward, and breaking the awful 
silence after the cannon's reverberations had 
ceased, the 124th, with clutched muskets, rushed 
forth to the charge of death. As soon as we 
emerged from the line of timber the rebel guns 
opened on us, and the whole ridge from right 
to left blazed like a volcano. The earth trem- 
bled and shook as though in the throes of an 
earthquake, while grape, canister, shell and 
shrapnel bounded on the stony plain, like peas 
on the threshing floor. The rebel infantry at 
the base of the ridge, seeing the impetuosity of 
the charge, left their works and fled to their 
main line at the summit. The terrible order had 
been obeyed. We had put ourselves into the 
rebel works at the base of the ridge; and, look- 
ing back over the way we had come, we saw the 
solid ranks of infantry moving toward us. The 
rebel artillery from the top of the ridge opened 
terrible gaps and lanes in those ranks of blue ; 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 101 

f 
but nothing daunted, onward, with steady step, 
they come, until they mingle with us at the foot 
of the ridge. The terrible order had been obey- 
ed, and the mercenary soldier would have been 
content to have remained in the comparative 
security afforded by the hill. Not so the grand 
old Army of the Cumberland ; not so the grand 
old 1 24th. Without orders the charge was at once 
resumed. The ridge in our front is eight hun- 
dred feet above the level of the Tennessee ; in 
some places almost perpendicular, but in our 
front not so abrupt, but so steep that the ascent 
was difficult to one without arms and accoutre- 
ments. On rushed the gallant army; on rushed 
the gallant regiment. Every soldier had all the 
ardor of a Phil. Sheridan. No opportunity to 
return the galling fire. Comrades falling at ev- 
ery step, but at last the summit is gained. The 
enemy completely routed. The guns of the 
rebels turned. Plenty of ammunition found, 
but no friction primers. The ingenuity of the 
124th is equal to the occasion. A boy shouts 
"stand back" fires his musket on the breech of 
the cannon, and the shell goes screeching to- 
ward the ranks of the retreating enemy, adding 
consternation to panic. 

On the left of where we broke the line the 
enemy still held out against the heroic charge 
of the gallant Willich. Instantly a line of the 



102 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

1 24th is formed, the left half-wheel executed, and 
the rebels, finding their flank attacked, crumble 
and finally flee in dismay. A battery of artillery 
is descried in the front, being moved to the rear. 
Instantly and without orders a few men form a 
skirmish line and advance, and in a few seconds 
every horse is shot down. The guns proved to 
be a part of the celebrated Loomis battery, 
taken by the rebels at Stone river. 

But the red sun had gone down behind the 
ridge of the Cumberlands. The stars and stripes 
float proudly from the entire length of Mission- 
ary Ridge, where but a few hours before the flag 
of the traitor floated in defiance of law and right. 
Then went up such a shout from that mountain- 
top, as was only heard, "when the morning stars 
sang together, and all the sons of God shouted 
for joy." 

The share of the trophies of the 124th was 
seven cannon captured, among which was the 
celebrated Washington Artillery of New Or- 
leans, many hundreds of prisoners, and a great 
amount of small arms. 

The storming of Missionary Ridge is the 
most remarkable military success that can be 
found recorded on the pages of history, of either 
ancient or modern warfare. General Grant, 
who was an eyewitness of the battle, says in 
his official report, " the troops rushed forward, 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 103 

drove the enemy from the rifle pits at the base 
of the ridge like bees from a hive, stopped but a 
moment until the whole was in line, and com- 
menced the ascent of the mountain from right 
to left, almost simultaneously, following closely 
the retreating enemy without further orders. 
They encountered a fearful volley of grape and 
canister from one hundred pieces of artillery 
and musketry from still well-filled pits on the 
summit of the ridge. Not a waiver, however, 
was seen in all that line of brave men. "Their 
progress was steadily onward until the summit 
was in their possession. I can account for this 
only on the theory that the enemy's surprise at 
the audacity of such a charge caused confusion, 
and purposeless aiming of their pieces." 

The rebel general, Bragg, in his official report, 
says : " No satisfactory excuse can possibly be 
given for the shameful conduct of our troops in 
allowing the line to be frustrated. The position 
was one that ought to have been held by a line 
of skirmishers against any assaulting column. 
Those who reached the ridge did so in a condi- 
tion of exhaustion from the great physical exer- 
tion in climbing, which rendered them powerless, 
and the slightest effort would have destroyed 
them." 

Napoleon's veterans charged the muzzle of 
whole parks of Russian artillery at Borodino, 



104 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

but they had solid columns and the force of 
great numbers, and no obstacles to overcome 
in making that world-renowned charge. 

The Light Brigade charged the Russian re- 
doubt at Balaklava, only to be swept away by 
the concentrated fire of the Russian batteries ; 
but they had the impetuosity of a cavalry move- 
ment to drive them on en masse, while the storm- 
ing of Missionary Ridge was the individual 
heroism of each and every man in that grand 
Army of the Cumberland, and is only explained 
by the rebel general substantially calling his 
brave men cowards, who fought at Shiloh, Stone 
river, and had so recently been victorious on 
the dread field of Chickamauga. 

The great battle of Missionary Ridge was won 
by the individual moral force of the volunteer 
union soldier, never known before to the history 
of warfare. 

That evening the moon rose over the summit 
of Tunnel hill, and shone smilingly along the 
bare and desolate side of Missionary Ridge, as 
though the soil was not wet with the blood 
of brothers. There, lying close to the rebel par- 
apet, was the young and brave captain, James 
H. Frost, of Company I, his calm face bathed by 
the soft moonlight and looking as peaceful as 
though an angel guarded his slumbers. 

Further down the bloody track of the 124th 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 105 

lay twenty-two of its braves, " sleeping the sleep 
that knows not breaking." 

"The tempest may roar, 
And the loud cannon rattle, 
They hear not, they heed not, 
They 're free from all pain. 
They sleep their last sleep, 
They have fought their last battle, 
No sound can awake them to glory again." 

More than twenty-seven years have passed since 
that heroic struggle on the steep mountain side of 
Missionary Ridge. The blue and the gray sleep 
side by side in the National Cemetery at its 
base. Chattanooga, then a small war-battered 
village, has grown, by northern capital and north- 
ern industry, to be an important iron manufac- 
turing city. The Tennessee runs its bright and 
winding way around the proud Lookout, but no 
rebel yell pollutes the air, and no rebel rag de- 
fies the national authority, but all is peace and 
order, industry and law. And so we bid fare- 
well to the contemplation of one of those great 
sacrifices that "saved us a nation." 



THE EAST TENNESSEE CAMPAIGN, AND THE MARCH 
FROM CHATTANOOGA TO KNOXVILLE. 

Hooker's victorious legions had descended 
from Lookout. The battle of Missionary Ridge 
had been fought and won. General Geary's 
division of the 20th Corps had followed the 
beaten and disheartened Bragg to Ringgold, 
and there attacking the enemy in his entrenched 
position on the White Oak mountains, had suf- 
fered a repulse in which the gallant 7th and 8th 
Ohio lost severely. It was there that the idols 
of the 7th, Colonels Crane and Creighton, fell. 
But our portion of the army advanced no further 
south at that time, and the 20th Corps went into 
winter quarters. But no such needed rest and re- 
cuperation, after the long time of siege and star- 
vation at Chattanooga, seemed to fall to the lot of 
the 4th Corps of the Army of the Cumberland. 

The twenty-sixth day of November, 1863, the 
day after the battle of Missionary Ridge, we 
spent in gathering up our beloved dead from off 
the mountainside where they had charged so 
gallantly the day before. We brought each regi- 
ment's sleeping braves and composed them in 

(107) 



108 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

long lines, each company's by itself. I wish 
those that love war, that are filled with martial 
ardor, that are hoping that some complication 
will involve us in a war with Great Britain, could 
have walked with me along those lines of noble 
dead. There lay in peaceful slumber all ages, 
all sizes and forms of men, from the heavy, tall 
and bearded man of fifty to the smooth-faced 
lad of fifteen. 

O, could we feel the breaking hearts of wife, 
mother, father, sister, brother, and affianced, 
when the shouting was over, when the headlines 
of the great victory had become familiar, when 
the congratulatory orders and proclamations had 
been issued and read, and the cold, sad news 
had been conveyed to each home that claimed 
a loved one lost in that great victory — then, 
and only then, could we know and feel the real 
horrors of war. Then, I am sure, all those that 
love war and delight in the clash of arms would 
lift their voices for peace — lasting peace. We 
soldiers were not the real sufferers — they were 
the sad, loving hearts at home. But then, as 
now, duty was not to the dead, but to the living. 
Their manly forms wrapped in their martial 
cloaks (the soldier's coarse blanket) were tenderly 
buried on that beautiful elevation known as 
Orchard Knob, which was the beginning of that 
National Cemetery where all the wealth that a 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 109 

grateful nation and a loving people could lavish 
has made it, in walks, drives, fountains, lawns, 
marbles, shrubbery and flowers, one of the most 
beautiful places on earth. Here the name and 
rank of each soldier is registered, when known, 
but alas, there are thousands there that fill un- 
known and nameless graves. 

But the news of the siege of Knoxville had 
come to us from the hundreds of miles to the 
northward. Longstreet's Corps of the army of 
northern Virginia had been detached from 
Bragg's army before the battle of Missionary 
Ridge ; Bragg, relying upon the strength of the 
natural fortifications that he held, considered 
that it was only a question of time when the 
battered remnants of Rosecrans army, that had 
been withdrawn from the lost field of Chicka- 
mauga, must succumb to want and hunger ; and 
the corps commanded by Longstreet, and some 
other forces of the enemy in the north and east 
parts of Tennessee, could soon render the situ- 
ation of Burnside at Knoxville as helpless as 
ours at Chattanooga. But the fortunes of war, 
like all other things, change with time. Rose- 
crans had been suspended and Hooker had 
been sent by Scranton to the Tennessee in so 
short a space of time that the feat was the com- 
ment and wonder of the watching world. Grant 
and Sherman had met. 



110 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment ', 

The greatest living tactician and the most 
consummate handler of men, were in counsel. 
Then, as I have stated, Bragg was beaten and 
driven away, and Sherman marched to relieve 
Burnside. He was given entire command, and 
within two days after the smoke of the battle of 
Missionary Ridge had cleared away from the 
hilltops and mountains around about Chatta- 
nooga, Sherman's army was on the march up 
the Tennessee river for Knoxville, keeping on 
the east side of the valley. 

The first day our brigade only marched two 
miles, having to wait for the other brigades and 
divisions to get out of the way. 

We crossed the Chickamauga river a short 
distance above Chattanooga on a pontoon 
bridge that had been put down by some brigade 
of General Sherman's army. The next obstruc- 
tion that we encountered was a river that comes 
in from the east, the name of which has slipped 
my memory. This had to be crossed by the aid 
of a small river steamboat that had the capacity 
of taking over not much more than a company 
at a trip, and we became very impatient waiting 
this tedious process of transfer. It was a stern- 
wheel wheezy affair, and I remember the boys 
rechristened it "The River Snail," and we put in 
our time making jokes at the expense of the 
boat and crew, that acted as though the service 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Ill 

they rendered was a matter of force, and that 
they worked neither for love of country nor com- 
pensation. At last we were safely across the 
river, and the old stern-wheeler, years agone, 
marks some sand bar on the Tennessee or some 
of its beautiful tributaries. Shortly after this 
steamboat ride of almost one hundred feet we 
went into camp ; the night was clear and cold, 
and not being very well supplied with blankets, 
we had difficulty in getting much sleep from 
Old Mr. Morpheus, the god that the ancients 
supposed had charge of that soothing busi- 
ness. 

November 29th we passed through the vil- 
lage of Georgetown, and here we saw the 
stars and stripes first displayed by any citizens 
of the south. The women came out and waived 
handkerchiefs and almost anything else they 
could get hold of, while the " Old Blind Mice"* 
made the air vocal with shouts and cheers for 
the first people that seemed to love the old flag 
that we had seen since we left Louisville, Ky. 
These poor people had had their homes 
desolated, had been robbed of what few stores 
they had by the rebel army, and, having the 
name of being union people, they had been com- 
mon plunder for every rebel trooper whose 
rough ride had taken him into their village. No 

* The pet name of the 124th 



112 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

wonder they cheered and threw the old flags 
they had kept during all those dark years of 
murder, pillage and rapine to the breeze, when 
they saw "Uncle Billy " marching northward with 
his army that would drive the hated rebel from 
their own beautiful valley. 

December 6th found us in the valley of the 
Little Tennessee river, a beautiful stream of 
water, clear as cut glass. This valley is one of 
the most wealthy sections of east Tennessee. It 
may be rivaled by the Sweetwater valley, per- 
haps. The inhabitants of these valleys being 
rich before the war, and slaveholders, showed 
nothing but rebel proclivities. We marched 
through what had been once a beautiful village, 
called Marysville. It must have had at one 
time some two thousand population, but it was 
sadly out of repair. There had been a cavalry 
fight in its streets, and there was not a whole 
light of glass remaining on the street that we 
marched through, and the houses showed plainly 
the marks of the carbine and cannon shot. 

It was at about this point that General 
Sherman issued his famous order, to wit: "That 
any company, regiment or brigade, that struck 
the enemy, should open the battle without re- 
gard to the position of the balance of the army, 
and without awaiting further orders." This was 
conclusive proof we were approaching Knox- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 113 

ville, and must be within the vicinity of Long- 
street's army, and we expected to hear the battle 
open every minute. But the rebel general was, 
without doubt, well versed in the literature of 
the nursery, and well remembered "that he who 
fights and runs away, may live to fight another 
day. While he who is in battle slain, can never 
rise to fight again." General Longstreet, hear- 
ing of the near approach of Sherman's army, 
attacked Fort Saunders, was dreadfully repulsed 
and then abandoned the siege of Knoxville, 
without one of Sherman's army having the 
chance to unload a musket at the boasting 
veterans of the army of northern Virginia. 

Monday, December 7th, we marched within 
two miles of Knoxville and went into camp, 
having marched from Chattanooga in ten days, 
over two hundred miles the way we came, hav- 
ing carried our rations in our haversacks, and 
eighty rounds of cartridges to the man, never 
having a wagon after we left Chattanooga. 
Here we met the 103d O. V. I. The major of 
the 103d was a brother of our Lieutenant Col- 
onel Pickands, and we were well acquainted 
with many of the boys of that regiment. The 
greetings that followed were not only cordial 
and heartfelt, but enthusiastic, and the shouts 
that went forth when the boys found that Burn- 
side's army had been reinforced by the army 



114 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

that marched fresh from one of the most im- 
portant victories of the war more than two 
hundred miles to relieve them, awoke the 
echoes among the hills of the north. 

We were tired and foot-sore and (to be can- 
did about it), even at this late day, I remember 
that we much preferred being cheered to fight- 
ing Longstreet. Those gallant fellows offered 
us everything they had in the world save 
something to eat and drink, which they had 
not. 

After a night of rest only known to tired, 
foot-sore soldiers, " free from war's alarms," 
Lieutenant Stedman and myself procured passes 
and went into the city of Knoxville. This was 
the largest city we had seen since we left Nash- 
ville, and had a very neat and healthy appear- 
ance, considering that it had been at times the 
headquarters for both rebel and union armies. 
This city is situated at the confluence of the 
French Broad river, that rises in the Blue Ridge 
mountains of North Carolina, and the Holston, 
that comes down from the Cumberland moun- 
tains of northeast Tennessee and Virginia, form- 
ing the Tennessee river that flows past the city 
in a deep rapid current. The Tennessee river 
at Knoxville is one of those glorious streams 
that the lover of nature never views without 
interest, and usually with delight. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 115 

Knoxville, with its beautiful streets, its bright 
and bounding river, its mountains on the west 
and north, just near enough to be romantic, with 
a naturally rich valley flanking it on all sides, 
must ever remain one of the nicest, and one of 
the most delightful, towns in the world. I have 
not been there since the war, but I am told by 
those that have, that, with its unbounded wealth 
of iron, coal and marble, as well as its splendid 
agricultural resources, added a climate that is 
neither tropical nor northern, but the happy 
mean between the two, its growth has been 
great and substantial. I suppose a member of 
the Blind Mice, finding himself in the Knoxville 
of to-day, would hardly know it from what he 
remembers of the Knoxville he marched to 
relieve in the early winter of 1863-64. 

This was the- home of the celebrated Parson 
Brownlow, and I well remember that on going 
down the main street of the city this day that 
we first visited Knoxville, of seeing his brave 
and beautiful daughter, Kate, standing under 
the flag, bowing and smiling to the union sol- 
diers as they raised their caps to her ; all in very 
great contrast to her demeanor when the rebels 
held the city and she kept that same flag float- 
ing in defiance of the rebel crew that surround- 
ed her on every hand. 

We promised her that the rebel foot should 



116 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

never again press the streets of Knoxville save 
in captivity; a promise that we kept and proved 
true, but how much our valor contributed to 
that result we will see further on. 

This same Parson Brownlow had two sons 
in the union army, James and John, command- 
ing at that time east Tennessee regiments. 

We went down to the north end of the town 
and found a barber shop in full blast, and con- 
cluded that we would indulge in the benefits 
conferred by the tonsorial artist ; so taking the 
chair without inquiry as to terms, had our locks 
put in shape, and our faces made more present- 
able ; but when the time for the settlement came 
we found the artist only charged fifty cents for 
hair cutting and thirty cents for shaving, which 
caused us some surprise. 

We next concluded to visit Fort Saunders, that 
General Longstreet had made up his mind to 
take a few mornings before we arrived in that 
vicinity. Of course we did not see the battle, 
and all I can give you is what we saw after sev- 
eral days had passed. I am not certain, but I 
should say that Fort Saunders stood north- 
westerly of the city, and a full mile out from the 
same. I do not know whether the fort was 
built by General Burnside or not, but I think it 
was built by him after he was sent to that de- 
partment, as the moats and parapets seemed 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 11 V 

new. There must have been timber standing 
on the easterly and northerly sides at no very 
great time before, as the ground was covered 
with stumps, and they seemed new and strong, 
as though the timber had been recently cut. 
General Burnside's men, expecting the assault 
(as Fort Saunders seemed to be the key to Gen- 
eral Burnside's position), had contrived a very 
ingenious way of defense. They procured a 
large quantity of telegraph wire, and stretched 
it from one stump to another about knee high, 
winding it around each stump a few times to 
make it secure. This they did with seemingly 
very great industry, for nearly all the approaches 
to the fort were a perfect network of wire. They 
also loaded a large number of shell with fuzes 
cut at about five seconds, and had them placed 
handy when the time came for the assault. This 
I have from one of the defenders of the fort. 
Just as the dawn was breaking in the east 
General Longstreet's assaulting column drove in 
the pickets, and, with that yell that once heard is 
never forgotten, came dashing on toward the fort; 
but when they reached the wire they did some 
ground and lofty tumbling, mostly ground, and 
the fort opened a most terrible fire of musketry, 
shot and shell. But nothing daunted, though 
their formation was badly broken up, they came 
on and soon filled the ditches around the fort. 



118 Ca?npaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

Then the shells were lighted and thrown over 
the parapets into the ditches, making fearful 
havoc as they exploded among the swarming 
rebels. I suppose a more determined and 
bloody charge was never made during the 
war. The rebels even climbed up the embra- 
sures of the fort, and the cannoneers cut them 
down with axes. 

But the short range shells and the heroic 
resistance made by the defenders of the fort 
were too much for the unquestioned heroism 
of the assailants, and what remained of them 
straggled back, as best they could, to the main 
body of Longstreet's army. 

I will not attempt to give a description of the 
scene in the ditches and around the fort. It 
beggars all the horrors that language can de- 
scribe. When we visited the fort of course all 
the dead and wounded had been removed; but 
when we came to walk along the bottom of the 
moats that surrounded the fort, the evidences of 
the sanguinary conflict still remained. Here lay 
a tongue, there, an ear, and beyond, a jaw bone. 
I saw a hand lying opposite one of the embra- 
sures of the fort that was cut oft" as smoothly as 
though severed with one blow from an ax; but 
though we rejoiced in a defense that saved Gen- 
eral Burnside's army, we were glad to leave this 
scene of horror and return to camp where the 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 119 

Mice were resting their weary limbs after the 
terrible march that we had endured. 

December 29th, 1863, we moved our camp to 
the north into a fine piece of woods, and re- 
mained there until the year 1863 had gone. 
What a year of marchings, battles, and sorrow. 
How many of those that left Camp Cleveland 
with us — -just one year before — now " sleep the 
sleep that knows not breaking." What a change 
in our regiment. Our ranks have been thinned, 
but our effectiveness has been increased. We 
have been tried in all the sad experiences of war. 
Patriotism brought to our ranks very many 
never calculated, either physically or mentally, 
to make soldiers. Their intentions were lwh 
and noble, and they failed by no fault of theirs ; 
their final discharge was a mercy to them, and a 
blessing to us. Many came home and abandoned 
army service forever. Many enlisted in other 
regiments, for shorter terms and less arduous 
duties; but, as a rule, all did all they could to 
maintain the integrity of the Union. 

January 1st, 1864, opened the most eventful 
year of the war. Each army had come to its 
full strength and vigor. . "The summer soldier 
and the sunshine patriot " had long since retired, 
and we had a man as commander in chief of all 
the armies that had the correct notion of the 
way of putting down the rebellion. A man that 



120 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

realized that the theory of conquering rebel 
territory while the rebel armies remained intact 
was worse than useless. That if armies are to 
be destroyed, the quicker it can be accomplished, 
the more precious lives saved. Great and deci- 
sive battles, with all their untold horrors, are 
angels of mercy compared to the small battle, 
the skirmish, where a few are lost and nothing 
accomplished. 

But I find myself digressing, by the thoughts 
that come crowding up, as I contemplate the 
value (?) of our east Tennessee campaign of 
1864. 

January 14th we struck tents, and crossing 
the river marched twenty-two miles to a posi- 
tion known as Strawberry Plains. I never knew 
why they called it by that name unless it was 
because it had no appearance of ever having 
grown any strawberries, or because the foothills 
of the Clinch mountains were too rough and 
irregular to be called plains. I guess the fellow 
that furnished the name had never been away 
from home. 

On this march we saw the gallows where four 
citizens of east Tennessee were executed. The 
gallows stood hard by the side of the railroad 
track. These men were executed for a very 
heinous crime. It may be briefly stated: They 
loved their country and their country's flag too 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 121 

well to swear allegiance to the southern confed- 
eracy, and so they were put to death. 

The next day we marched to Dandridge, a 
small village situated on the French Broad 
river, and camped in a beautiful pine woods. 

Here we had orders from Colonel Pickands 
to fix up winter quarters, as we would probably 
stay right here until the spring campaign opened, 
and the pine poles were just the material from 
which to construct winter quarters of the most 
commodious kind. For the benefit of the Sons 
of Veterans I will describe the process. You 
must remember at this time we were soldiers, 
and soldiers of the Uncle Billy pattern and kind. 
If we had any shelter, save the starry heavens, 
we had to carry that shelter on our backs, as 
well as our camp equipage. Now, at this time, 
you must also remember that our regiment was 
divided into messes, and that by the process of 
natural selection four men would come together 
and call each other Pard. What there was that 
kept these messes together I never knew. I 
said they came together by natural selection for 
the reason that when we find anything that we 
cannot explain we call it natural and let it go. 
These messes of four would sing, quarrel, fight, 
make-up and divide all they had with each other 
inside of twenty minutes. Each member of each 
mess would swear that there were not three as 



122 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

good foragers in the regiment as his three 
messmates. Somehow or other, a good forager 
was always held up as a patron saint in the 
124th Regiment. Chaplain Hubbard, of the 
103d O. V. I., was the "bright and morning 
star" in this business of all the members of the 
army of occupation of east Tennessee. I call 
it the army of occupation because, before I am 
done, you will see that is all we did. Well, to 
resume, each one of these four messmates would 
carry one piece, at least, of shelter tent. Some- 
times more could be found, but usually, where 
more were found, some others had less. This 
more or less business was a common thing in 
the army. 

Now in the first place the streets were laid 
out, which streets were the parade grounds of 
the several companies, where they were formed 
and marched to the regimental parade ground. 
The stumps, when we camped in the woods, 
were carefully dug out of these streets, and the 
same nicely graded and ditched. Then at the 
left-hand side looking toward the regimental 
parade ground the quarters of the messes were 
erected. This I know will seem very common- 
place to the old comrade, but you will bear with 
me, as I am speaking to-day to many Sons of 
Veterans and others, that were too young to be 
with us in this experience. The poles were 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 123 

then cut long enough to cover with two pieces of 
shelter tent, then laid up, notched at the corners 
to bring them down quite close, laid up high 
enough so the soldier could stand upright com- 
fortably. The ends or gables were cobbed up 
to the peak, or fixed up with the extra tents, 
poles were fastened on with bark or withes, and 
the tents make the roof. Then the cracks were 
stopped with mud. A stick or stone chimney 
is built in the back end. Two bunks are made, 
one on either side, with crotches driven into 
the ground, and small poles laid lengthwise and 
covered with pine boughs and the U. S. army 
blanket make the bed. Gun-racks are made 
above each bunk for two muskets and two sets 
of accouterments. An extra blanket is hung up 
for a door, and the house is furnished by the in- 
ventive genius of the mess. The bunks during 
the daytime furnish upholstered seats. This 
house answers for kitchen, dining room, and 
dormitory, and a healthier home does not stand 
in the city of Cleveland. One of the best fea- 
tures of the whole business is, they were not liable 
to sale under execution, or foreclosure, neither 
for delinquent taxes. This house I have de- 
scribed was one of a large city our division built 
at Dandridge. Please note how long they were 
suffered to enjoy the fruits of their ingenuity 
and industry. 



124 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

If I were called upon to organize an army 
that should accomplish the greatest warlike 
good (if the word good can be used in connec- 
tion with the word war), I would start, in our 
experience as soldiers, where we left off. The 
government should never build quarters for 
soldiers, they should build their own. The 
government should never furnish any transpor- 
tation for well soldiers, and instead of staying in 
camp, I would have them move from place to 
place, thereby avoiding the disease that camps 
breed. The sooner the soldier becomes self- 
sustaining, within a certain limit, the better for 
themselves and the service. 

January 16th Colonel Pickands came to my 
quarters and said he had a soft snap for me ; 
said that I had never had a detail, that I had 
stayed right with the regiment since we took the 
field, and he was only too glad to confer this 
favor. I thanked the genial commander, though 
I had no desh? to leave the Mice in that way; 
and had but very little confidence in what he 
said he heard from headquarters, " that we would 
probably stay where we were for three months." 
About ten o'clock a. m. the detail was ready, 
consisting of 149 men. The order was to march 
to New Market and guard the division stores. 
We went through a fairly good country, and 
along in the afternoon we met General Sher- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 125 

idan and staff. He was riding that same black 
horse that afterward " carried him into the fray 
from Winchester, twenty miles away." He asked 
a number of questions. The first was, if I had 
heard any firing in the direction of Dandridge? 
This question showed the true instinct of the 
great general ; that he was always looking out 
for a battle, and had he been in command of the 
union forces in east Tennessee, the country 
would have been electrified by the news of a 
signal victory won, instead of a disastrous re- 
treat from Dandridge, whereby so many of our 
poor boys were captured, and carried to Ander- 
sonville and death. Soon after we bade good- 
bye to Sheridan and staff one of the Mice, and 
he must have been one of the kind known as 
ground mice, found an apple-hole, and before I 
was aware of what was going on, the Mice were 
all busy digging out apples. The owner came 
out and protested ; said he was a union man, 
had been from the start, and his property should 
be protected. I agreed in all he said, and by 
the time his protest was fully entered his apples 
had been transferred to the capacious haversacks 
of the Mice. Of course I was to blame. I should 
not have suffered the Mice to gnaw and destroy 
this good man's apples ; but what, I ask you, 
could I do with 149 men that had not seen or 
tasted an apple since the fall of 1862 ? I offered 



126 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

to give him a voucher for the apples, and told 
him if he was as good a union man as he 
claimed to be the commissary department at 
Knoxville would pay him. But he seemed to 
know what the voucher was worth better than I 
and declined the same ; we marched on to New 
Market, arriving there after dark, having marched 
twenty-three miles since ten o'clock. 

I soon found nice quarters for my men in the 
abandoned houses of the village, and my mess 
arrangements having been broken up, I engaged 
boarding with an old lady that had two sons in 
the union army. This was one of the worst 
battered towns I had seen in the south. The 
sentiment was about equally divided between 
union and rebel, and the town had been badly 
plundered by both sides. The stores were at 
the station on the railroad, and after relieving 
the men on duty with a detail of my men, had 
supper, and being very tired, the old lady showed 
me a room, and I went to bed between nice 
white sheets, the first time in more than twelve 
months. Visions of feather beds, soft bread, 
pies and cakes, no marching, no picket guard, 
haunted me until 3 o'clock the next morning, 
when I was awakened by a loud rapping at my 
door; on getting out I saw the yellow stripes of 
a cavalry orderly. He very politely handed me 
an order directing me to march my detail back 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 127 

to Strawberry Plains, as the army was falling 
back from Dandridge. I got out to the quarters 
of the men as soon as I could, aroused the or- 
derly sergeant and the men, called in the guards 
at the station, and started back on the railway 
track for the point to which we had been ordered. 
And that ended the " soft snap »." 

The winter quarters the Mice had built, the 
city one day old, was abandoned, and the bri- 
gade, wearied out by marching in the deepest 
mud I ever saw, slept that night under the stars 
at Strawberry Plains. What became of the 
stores at New Market I never knew, and why 
we were ordered back I never knew. All I know 
about the matter is that Uncle Billy had gone 
north to meet Grant at Cincinnati, and General 
Sheridan was not in command. 

We lost more men on the retreat from Dan- 
dridge than would have been lost in a battle 
with Longstreet, and we had men enough to 
have whipped him and driven him out of the 
the state. But "the grand army of occupation" 
was permitted to do no fighting, and so we wal- 
lowed around in the mud of east Tennessee. 

In a few days we marched down to Knoxville 
and below to a place named in honor of one of 
America's greatest poets, I guess ; in any event, 
it had the poetical name of Lenore, and if not 
loved, it certainly seemed lost. It may have been 



128 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

found since the war, but it was certainly lost 
Lenore when we were there. 

I suppose no part of the south suffered so 
much in the way of partisan warfare as east 
Tennessee. This part of the state owned very 
few slaves, and the inhabitants were largely true 
to the union cause. Of course, the wealthy 
portion of the people were slaveholders, and 
they were rebels to a man, and middle Tennes- 
see, Georgia, Virginia, and some portions of 
North Carolina were intensely rebel, and thus 
you will understand that east Tennessee was 
surrounded by a disloyal population. Then, 
again, the Tennessee valley was the principal 
gateway from Richmond to the southwest and, 
until the occupation of Knoxville by General 
Burnside, this valley was continually being over- 
run by rebel troops of all sorts, from infantry to 
mounted bushwhackers. The disloyal, when the 
rebel army was present, informed on their loyal 
neighbors, and the old men, the women, and the 
children had to seek safety in the woods, ravines, 
and caves of the mountains, only to see their 
dear old homes in flames behind them. Even 
the learned and respected Judge Baxter, after- 
wards appointed judge of the United States 
circuit court, who, before the war, had a fine resi- 
dence and lucrative practice in the city of Knox- 
ville, was compelled to "lie out in the bush," as 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 129 

they call it, for three months at one time, to save 
his life ; and yet with most remarkable magna- 
nimity, through Judge Baxter's influence, not an 
acre of rebel land or a rebel home was confiscated 
in the whole of east Tennessee. While we were 
in one of the many camps about Knoxville, the 
two regiments commanded by the Brownlow 
brothers, James and John, veteranized, and under 
the order of the government were granted 
thirty days' leave of absence. I happened to be 
present at the time they disbanded. One of 
these brothers made a speech to the two regi- 
ments. I don't remember which one, but I 
never can forget one thing he said: "Take your 
arms with you ; you will not be wanted here for 
thirty days. Go home and avenge the death of 
your fathers and brothers." This speech was re- 
ceived by these hardy mountaineers as a license, 
as it was intended to be, for murder and the 
desolating torch. Not a night from that time on 
for thirty days but the heavens were aglare with 
the flames of rebel homes, and the number of 
murders committed will never be known "until 
the sea gives up its dead." But never did the 
horrors of Indian massacre compare with east 
Tennessee for deeds of murder and fiendish, 
remorseless cruelty from 1861 to 1865. 

Then on the 17th moved back in the rain and 
mud, and went into camp; and then on the 23d 



130 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

moved forward again, found no enemy and then 
back to camp, having marched that day in the 
rain and mud twenty-eight miles. Then on the 
24th we struck tents and marched twelve miles 
beyond Knoxville to Strawberry Plains again. 
Then we were up and off to New Market. Then 
the next day marched to Morristown, eighteen 
miles from New Market, and occupied the aban- 
doned quarters built by Longstreet's men. 
Stayed in this camp until March 2d, 1864, and 
then marched back to New Market. This 
marching and counter marching is of no particu- 
lar interest of itself, but I give it to you to 
show how we put in the time. Of all the cam- 
paigning we ever did this of east Tennessee 
was the most purposeless, seemingly profitless, 
and dismal. The most of the time we were 
hard up for rations, and were compelled to 
forage on a people as friendly as any in Ohio, 
and that had been robbed by both armies. I 
never can forget the time we lay at Clinch 
Mountain Gap, when it was so cold that we had 
to build log-heaps in front of our tents to keep 
from freezing, that Colonel Pickands sent Lieu- 
tenant Stedman with a file of men and a wagon 
to try and find something to eat. I was at head- 
quarters when he returned at night. The col- 
onel, with that usual smile, said : " Lieutenant, 
what success today?" Stedman answered: 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 131 

"Nothing." "Why?" remarked the colonel. 
Stedman replied, with an oath so terrific that I 
am sure it was heard in Heaven (and which I 
hope the recording angel has blotted out, and 
I know he has if he has attended strictly to bus- 
iness), "that he would be before 

he would rob women and children." When the 
recording angel became acquainted with the 
noble Stedman, fresh from the bloody field of 
New Hope Church, I am sure the accounts were 
properly adjusted. 

Well, this must end my recollections of the 
very celebrated march from Chattanooga to 
Knoxville and the winter campaign of east 
Tennessee. 

General Longstreet finally went back to the 
army of northern Virginia, not that he was in 
any danger from us, but simply because he be- 
came tired of the scenery and wanted a change, 
I suppose. 

Nothing in history is grander than the relief 
of Knoxville; nothing tamer and more devoid 
of sense than the balance of the campaign. Yet 
we can draw from it all this useful lesson, that 
those brave spirits, the noble men that endured 
the march and campaign, had a patriotism and 
endurance that nothing of storm, of cold, of 
hunger, of sickness, of bad management could 
dampen. And though many of that band sleep 



132 Ca7npaigns of the 124th Regi?nent. 

in southern graves, yet many lived to bring 
back the stars and stripes in triumph from the 
greatest conflict of modern times and to see the 
rebellious states restored to a peaceful and happy 
union. 




LIEUTENANT CHARLES M. STEADMAN. 
Killed at Pickett's Mills, Georgia May :;th, I86i 



, P 0BUC UBSKRY 



^ r c-xoX AND 



THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. 

The spring of 1864 opened with millions of 
anxious patriots looking in the direction of our 
armies. 

General Grant had virtually been made com- 
mander in chief of all the union forces, with 
personal direction of the Army of the Potomac. 

Every lover of his country had come to un- 
derstand that the policy of conquering rebel 
territory and guarding rebel property would 
never crush out rebellion. 

The military policy of General Grant, of mak- 
ing the objective point of campaigns the rebel 
armies, met the good sense and received the 
hearty approval of the patriotic people of the 
United States. 

Some raised the cry of "butcher," but every 
thoughtful man that knew the desperate inten- 
tions, the bravery, the skill, and the strong de- 
fensive positions occupied by the rebel armies, 
knew that their destruction meant severe 
marches, terribly destructive battles, thousands 
of brave men killed, and vastly more wounded 
and maimed for life ; but in the face of all these 
mighty sacrifices, that the poverty of language 

(133) 



134 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

will not enable us to describe, the patriotic 
people of the north said, "We will sustain the 
army at all hazards," and the armies responded, 
" Let us set forward." 

It is a well-known fact that in the winter of 
1864, at the Burnett House in the city of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, the two greatest generals devel- 
oped by the war, Grant and Sherman, met in 
counsel. Sherman, while a line officer in the 
regular army, had become most thoroughly 
acquainted with the topography of the state of 
Georgia, and it was at this consultation that the 
campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta and the 
grand march " from Atlanta to the sea " were de- 
veloped and determined upon. It was at this con- 
sultation that Sherman said, "The confederacy 
is a shell and I can march an army through it." It 
was at this consultation that Grant said, "If you 
undertake it, I will hold Lee and his armies, 
that they give you no trouble." At the end of 
this meeting each of the great commanders re- 
paired to his respective scene of action to carry 
forward the purposes determined on thereat. 

The first of May, 1864, found assembled in 
the vicinity of Chattanooga, and as far south 
as Ringgold, Ga., the forces with which Gen- 
eral Sherman proposed to crush the shell of 
the rebellion. It consisted of the Army of the 
Cumberland, General George H. Thomas in 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 135 

command; the Army of the Tennessee, under 
the especial command of General McPherson; 
the 23d Corps, commanded by General Scho- 
field ; the 20th Army Corps, still in command 
of the hero of Lookout mountain, " Fighting 
Joe Hooker," as he was often called in army 
circles, and also a brigade of regulars. Then 
as able lieutenants in command of corps and 
divisions, Sherman had Logan, Blair, Sickels, 
Stanley, Wood, Slocum, Osterhaus, and many 
others, all fighting officers. Sheridan, at that 
time, had been transferred to the Army of the 
Potomac by the especial order of General Grant, 
who witnessed General Sheridan's heroic con- 
duct at Missionary Ridge. 

I suppose very few of the people of the north 
ever had anything like a correct idea of the 
magnitude of the work undertaken by General 
Sherman in the campaign of Atlanta. The 
distance from Louisville to Nashville is stated 
to be one hundred and eighty-five miles, and 
from Nashville to Chattanooga it is said to be 
one hundred and fifty-one miles, and from 
Nashville to Bridgeport on the Tennessee river, 
two hundred and eleven miles. This long line 
of railway from Louisville to Chattanooga, and 
from Nashville to Bridgeport, Ala., five hundred 
and forty-seven miles, had to be guarded by 
military force every mile. For it must be 



136 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

remembered that while the state of Kentucky 
never went out of the Union and was osten- 
sibly a loyal state, nevertheless, it required more 
soldiers to look after its disloyal citizens than 
she furnished to the cause of the Union, not 
for one moment forgetting that the state of 
Kentucky furnished some as brave and loyal 
soldiers as ever sprung a rammer and some as 
valiant officers as ever drew a saber. Notwith- 
standing, she had a large population in the ag- 
gregate that engaged in that disreputable kind of 
warfare known as bushwhacking, and very many 
that did not were ever ready to furnish aid and 
comfort to our enemy. Again, no portion of 
Tennessee, save east Tennessee, laid any claim 
to anything but intense love of the southern 
confederacy. Blockhouses had to be constructed 
every few miles of this route and a vast number 
of soldiers employed in keeping open this line 
of communications. Nashville was the grand 
base of supplies, where had been accumulated 
for many months all kinds of army stores, and 
from this base General Sherman had to draw 
supplies of rations, ammunition, and clothing 
for his campaign in Georgia; while the route 
from Nashville to Louisville must be kept open 
to renew the supplies at the base, as well as to 
send the sick and wounded to the northern 
hospitals. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 137 

It is almost needless for me to state before this 
intelligent audience that the genius of General 
Sherman was entirely equal to the emergency. 
And while the oddities and comical features of 
great men will usually be better remembered than 
any others, those of us that participated in that 
memorable campaign will remember well that 
no precautionary matter was overlooked by the 
ever watchful general. If what he really meant 
by "light marching order" was so difficult to 
understand that a cavalryman construed it to 
mean " necktie and a pair of spurs," he was no 
less exacting of himself and staff and many a 
night on this campaign he bivouacked as would 
a picket on an outpost. The thoroughness of 
his preparation was the sequel of his success. 
Knowing very well that overrunning rebel ter- 
ritory did not make loyal citizens of its inhabi- 
tants, he took the precaution to have his engi- 
neers make drawings of every wooden bridge 
between Louisville and Chattanooga, and be- 
tween Nashville and Bridgeport. Nor was this 
all. He had his corps of mechanics construct 
duplicate bridges for the entire line south of 
Nashville. He was not satisfied only with his 
precautions to guard and care for his line of 
communications to his base of supplies, but he in 
some manner procured plans of the bridges from 
Chattanooga to Atlanta, and had bridges con- 



138 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

structed and loaded on flat cars ready for use at 
any time when wanted. It was perfectly astound- 
ing the perfect order and dispatch with which he 
reconstructed the railroads as his campaign pro- 
gressed, and with such celerity did his engineer 
corps perform its duty that after the bridge was 
burned by the rebel rear guards the same would 
be rebuilt, and the screams of the locomotive 
would mingle with the rattle of the musketry of 
the skirmishers just across the river, always re- 
minding us that Uncle Billy's railroad was in 
^ood working order and that our "cracker line" 
was secure. But the vigilance of his preparation 
was not satisfied with being able to keep up his 
railroad lines — he had the finest pontoon corps 
that was ever organized. 

Each man was drilled in the movements 
necessary to put down a pontoon bridge or re- 
move one from the water and replace the same 
on the wagons as efficiently as an infantryman 
in the manual of arms or a cannoneer in the 
handling of a fieldpiece. It was a sight that 
seemed the perfection of celerity to witness his 
pontoon corps put down a bridge, and every 
line of march was thoroughly equipped in this 
particular. 

But what I have heretofore described were not 
all the obstacles in the way of the making of 
the Atlanta campaign a success. While we were 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 139 

beyond the Tennessee mountains, while we had 
crossed the Tennessee river the country from 
Ringgold to the south bank of the Chattahoo- 
chee river was naturally most admirable defen- 
sive ground. Every few miles were high ridges 
and small mountain ranges remarkably well 
adapted for defensive military positions; added 
to this the enemy had no rear that re- 
quired guarding, had no hostile population to 
watch and distrust, had the most accurate in- 
formation as to streams and roads, had swarms 
of volunteer spies to inform him of our every 
movement, and finally, had an army of slaves to 
do his intrenching ready to his hand and use 
when he was ready to fall back to a new po- 
sition. This, all this, and more than I have time 
to describe, must be considered if we would 
thoroughly comprehend the military magnitude 
of the Atlanta campaign. 

When General Sherman was ready to com- 
mence the forward movement, there must have 
been assembled from Chattanooga to Ringgold 
between eighty and one hundred thousand men, 
and on the third day of May, 1864, just as the 
magnolias were beginning to open their fragrant 
blossoms to the south wind, and the mock- 
ing birds were beginning to make the woods 
vocal with their songs, our division struck tents 
and commenced the march southward, and the 



140 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

evening of the fourth found us two and one-half 
miles from Ringgold confronting the enemy's 
pickets. From this time until the ninth we made 
short marches southward, skirmishing with the 
rebels each day. On the ninth our brigade was 
composed of the 124th O. V. I., the 41st O. V. 
I. the 93d O. V. I., the 9th I. V. I, and the 6th 
Ky. V. I. The brigade was commanded by 
General William B. Hazen and we had moved 
as far toward Dalton as a position known lo- 
cally as Buzzard's Roost, a pass in the White 
Oak mountains. Here we found the rebels in 
position, the pass strongly fortified and com- 
manded by a number of heavy guns. 

At this position our brigade had an order to 
charge the mountain at the left of the pass, 
which order was executed, and we came within 
two hundred yards of the top of the mountain, 
where we found it broken off into palisades 
thirty feet in height. These palisades we had 
no means of ascending and so the charge ended. 
Our regiment lost three men killed and ten 
wounded. This movement was afterwards ex- 
plained as a demonstration to deceive the 
enemy, but some of us will always think that 
we were the ones that were deceived. There was 
heavy firing on the right of the pass and in the 
direction of Snake Creek Gap, where a portion 
of Hooker's Corps fought a severe battle, the 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 141 

29th O. V. I. loosing very heavily. While in 
this position (Buzzard's Roost) we were terribly 
annoyed by sharpshooters, posted above the 
palisades, the bugler of the 93d being killed. 

All things considered, this position was prop- 
erly named, and had Dore been there he could, 
without doubt, within the wilds of that moun- 
tain, have found some new illustrations for 
Dante's Inferno. 

Early in the morning of the 13th we found 
the rebels had abandoned their position, and a 
party of us, while waiting for orders to move, 
managed to climb to the top of the mountain. 
Here we had a splendid view of the scenery of 
northern Georgia. Away to the north we could 
see old Lookout towering up, while beyond we 
could distinctly trace Waldron's and other ridges 
of the Cumberlands. To the south and west 
one range of hills after another, with an occa- 
sional mountain, as far as the eye could reach, 
showing us that our way was one of difficulty 
as well as danger. 

About two p. m. we fell into line, marched 
into and through the pass, and had time to 
examine the strength of the abandoned rebel 
works. These works were evidently constructed 
with the hope that our commander would un- 
dertake to force the pass. That afternoon we 
marched through Dalton, a small village situ- 



142 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

ated near an unbroken forest of pine, a kind 
from which the inhabitants make turpentine. 
The country seemed very poor, and from what 
we could see of the inhabitants we were 
forced to come to the same conclusion as to 
them. 

The next day, May 14th, we struck the enemy 
in position at Resaca, and we immediately 
charged and drove him inside of his works, 
while our brigade occupied the line of a ridge 
running from near an angle of the rebel works 
and within a stone's throw of them. In this 
charge our young Colonel Payne, then in com- 
mand of the regiment, just having returned re- 
covered from a very dangerous wound received 
at Chickamauga that nearly cost him his life, 
showed consummate bravery, riding his horse 
in the charge across an open field in a perfect 
storm of bullets. 

It was nearly dusk when we came into posi- 
tion, and before we took the ridge that finally 
formed our line, had some severe fighting. We 
had the opportunity of seeing a counter charge 
against General Willich's brigade on our right. 
The rebels came at Willich in fine shape, just 
as he was coming into position, but it seemed 
they had no real good appetite for an open field 
fight and got back into their works in the order 
of "every one for himself." That night we 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 143 

threw up intrenchments on this line and the 
next morning the enemy still confronted us. 

We had orders early in the day that we should 
be required to charge the enemy's position in our 
front. In our immediate front there is a deep 
ravine, and the rebel works ran across this at 
right angles to our line. Whenever we charged 
from our works our right flank was exposed to the 
fire from the rebel intrenchments. At about two 
p. m. the charge was ordered and our line moved 
out over our intrenchments. No sooner was it 
exposed to the flank fire from the enemy behind 
the works than it went to pieces. Most of the 
men got back in as good shape as did the rebels 
that charged on Willich. Some of our regiment 
got into a position where they could not return 
with any safety, and stayed out and came in under 
the cover of darkness. Later in the afternoon 
the 20th Corps made two or three attempts to 
break the rebel line, but each time failing* and 
when the morning of the sixteenth dawned the 
enemy had abandoned his works and put the 
little river called Coosa between himself and us. 

What good results the battle of Resaca may 
have had on the campaign I cannot say, but it 
is certain the enemy was forced back by some 
movement made by General Sherman on his 
flanks that would compel him to fight outside 
of his works. We took a number of prisoners 



144 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

at this position, and our regiment lost quite 
severely. We marched through the town and 
found it all knocked into splinters by the shell- 
ing it had suffered during the two days' battle. 
We crossed the river and marched about five 
miles to the southward that night. 

The experience of one day did not vary much 
from that of another. The seventeenth we 
marched through a county town called Calhoun, 
county seat of Gordon county. It was march 
and skirmish every day. This is a better country 
than any other we had seen in northern Georgia, 
but desolation was written all over it after we 
passed. At almost every plantation we came 
to the rebels made a stand and the mansion 
house a fortress from which to fire at our skir- 
mishers, and when we drove them out the 
house almost invariably took fire, and at all 
times of day and night the heavens were lurid 
with the flames of rebel homes. The country 
from Resaca to the Etowah river was the most 
absolutely desolated of any that we ever left 
behind us. 

Between Cartersville and Adairsville I picked 
up a muster roll of a company of an Alabama 
regiment that had written thereon eighty-four 
names. Until I found this roll I was not aware 
the Roman Catholic church was so strong in the 
south. The four commissioned officers signed 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 145 

the roll by their signatures, but the enlisted men 
each put the sign of the cross in the place of the 
signature. On this march one of the boys found 
a copy of the debates of the Georgia conven- 
tion, held in the winter of 1 860-61, at which the 
state resolved to go out of the Union. 

It contained the speech of Alexander H. Stev- 
ens, made in the convention, in which he warned 
the delegates of the deluge of blood and fire 
that would be poured down on their fair state 
by the invading armies of the north. It seemed 
almost prophetic to us who read this speech in 
the light of those blazing southern homes, and 
it also seemed that we were the ones he saw in 
his prophetic vision. Of course, all the prophetic 
power he had was the keen intellectual force he 
possessed, and whether he believed his own 
prophesies or not, he was afterward chosen vice 
president of the confederate states and served 
as such during the life of the rebellion. This 
book was carried along for days, hoping to save 
it as a relic of this memorable campaign, but 
the time comes in the experience of every soldier 
when a pocketknife seems a burden, and this 
book, containing all the venom of the southern 
fire-eaters, couched in language not only learned 
and chaste in style, but eloquent in diction, had 
to be thrown away. Stevens, alone, tried to 

stem the tide of secession, "but it was the 
10 



146 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment^ 

voice of a drowning man in the midst of the 
breakers." 

With marching and skirmishing every day the 
time wore away, and May 23d found us on the 
north bank of the Etowah, a fine river that comes 
down from northeastern Georgia, the valley of 
which seemed very fertile and productive. This 
river we crossed on one of Sherman s lightning 
bridges and struck out over what is known, 
locally, as the burnt hickory district, across the 
ridges of the Allatoona mountains in the direc- 
tion of Dallas. Here Hookers Corps had a 
heavy battle, but our corps was not engaged. 

The next position taken by the enemy was 
known as Dallas, though the battles along the 
position were known by different names. I 
should say before passing that we were now in 
what (before the discovery of gold in California) 
was known as the gold region of Georgia. Our 
boys brought in from time to time, while in this 
position, some beautiful specimens of gold bear- 
ing and crystallized quartz, but I suppose they 
had to be thrown away to lighten the burden 
of the soldier when the time comes that one has 
to give thought and close attention to be able 
to put one leg before the other. This seems 
hardly probable to my young friends here to- 
day, so full of health and activity, but how many 
times have we heard the dear boys say, " Cap- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 147 

tain, I cannot take another step to save my lifer 
Often we would pull out of the road and go into 
camp near some clear mountain stream, and you 
would see the boys pulling off their shoes and 
stockings and holding their blistered feet in the 
cool water by the half-hour, before making any 
preparations for supper or sleep. But what pen 
will ever be able enough, what tongue will be 
eloquent enough, to portray the trials and suf- 
ferings of the march and battlefield, to say 
nothing of sickness, death and wounds. 

May 26th our corps found the enemy in 
position at what was known as Dallas. That 
night the rebels attacked General Logan's Corps 
and were badly repulsed. This was the only 
serious night attack I ever knew in all my army 
experience. All have known more or less firing 
at night, but this was the first and only charging 
column that I ever knew to be sent off at night 
There seems to be too much uncertainty about 
it to favor nocturnal battles. 

Early the twenty-seventh we were on the 
move, my company on the skirmish line. About 
ten o'clock we heard that our beloved major, 
James B. Hampson, who was on staff duty with 
General Wood, commanding division, was killed. 
This was very sad news, indeed, as the major 
was idolized by the regiment, and we all recog- 
nized the fact that he had done so much to make 



148 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

soldiers of us. He was one of the most intelli- 
gent, soldierly and brave officers in the 4th 
Army Corps. One thing was a little strange, 
the major always insisted that he would be killed 
in the service. Early in the war the major was 
a member of the Cleveland Grays, and belonged 
to that splendid organization for many years 
before. He was, without doubt, the best drilled 
man in the 3d Division. 

It seemed to be the object of General Sher- 
man to put the 4th Corps in on the left, find the 
right flank of the enemy, " catch it in air," if 
possible, bring on a general engagement, destroy 
the rebel army, and thereby end the campaign. 
It was the fortune of Company B, which I com- 
manded, to be ordered to the skirmish line, with 
other portions of the brigade, and which line in 
front of our division was in command of Major 
Williston, of the 41st O. V. I. Very many times 
that day we moved to the front, but always 
found the enemy in very strong works, and then 
we would withdraw and move by the left flank 
still further to the left. Late in the afternoon 
we came near the Pumpkinvine creek, and found 
the rebels without works. This fact was imme- 
diately reported to division headquarters. We 
drove the rebel skirmish line back on his line of 
battle. Colonel Payne sent me an order to force 
the skirmish line well to the front, and word was 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 149 

sent back that we were fighting the main line of 
the enemy, not one hundred feet away. The 
rebel line was on the top of a ridge that runs 
along the valley of the creek, and is naturally a 
very strong position. Soon the brigade came 
up and charged the hill, but was unable to go 
beyond our skirmishers. Later on General 
Howard put in General Wm. H. Gibson's bri- 
gade, the general leading the charge on foot. 
Never did I see men show more courage than 
did Gibson's brigade in this charge, but all was 
unavailing. The rebels reinforced their line 
with General Pat. Cleburne's division, and 
thereby far outnumbered the men we had en- 
gaged in the action. Had an entire division 
been put in between our left and Pumpkinvine 
creek mill pond, early in the afternoon, I believe 
the result would have been different. As it was 
a brigade was fought at a time, on a very short 
line where the hill was steepest, and the enemy's 
position the most unassailable. The result was 
that our brigade was the worst cut up of all the 
battles in which we were engaged. We fought 
in this position until dark, and then what was left 
of the two brigades, that had been put into this 
slaughter pen, withdrew to the other side of the 
valley. I have said that my company was on the 
skirmish line and opened the battle, and fought 
with the main line when the same came up. 



150 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

About four o'clock in the afternoon I went over 
to the left of the line to see how the battle was 
progressing in that quarter, and met Lieutenant 
Stedman where an old road comes winding 
down the hill. I made some inquiry as to how 
the boys were getting on, and he told me Adam 
Waters had been killed. Adam Waters was 
one of the best men of our company. He also 
informed me that a great many others of the 
company and regiment were badly wounded. 
He said: "Captain, we can hold this position 
until reinforcements come up, can we not?" I 
replied, " I think so, but what we want is to carry 
this hill." I was facing up the hill, and he stood 
with his face toward me, and so near that I could 
have laid my hand on his shoulder. All at once 
a great stream of blood spouted from his left 
breast. He gave me one look, as much as to 
say " my time has come," and sank in my arms, 
dead. I moved his body out of the road, and 
folded his arms across his breast. I took his 
watch and memorandum book, and laid his new 
and beautiful saber on his body, marked the tree 
under which he laid with my knife, so I could 
find the spot again, and amid the thunders of 
battle I left him reposing on the loving breast of 
mother earth, while sadly I left for another part 
of the field. There on that lone hillside was 
sacrificed one of the very few absolutely brave 




CAPTAIN .it >1I. X B. IRWIX. 









TI UI>^ 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 151 

men I ever knew. I moved over to the right of 
the line, and there I saw Captain John Irving, 
sitting up, his body reclining against the body 
of a small sapling, smoking his pipe, his face as 
white as the driven snow. I said : " Captain are 
you wounded?" " Yes, it is all day with me," 
he replied. I asked him where he was wounded, 
he pointed to his right groin. I learned from 
him that Lieutenant Colonel Pickands and Cap- 
tain Wm. Wilson were also wounded. Captain 
John Irving died at the hospital at Chattanooga 
some weeks afterward. I think the 124th O. 
V. I. never had a line officer that was held in 
higher respect, for his great bravery, soldierly 
conduct, as well as social qualities, than Captain 
John Irving. 

It was now quite dark, and the firing had 
ceased all along the line. The few men that 
came out of the battle together gathered around 
Colonel Payne. He was all alone. His gallant 
major had been killed early in the day, and 
his lieutenant colonel had been dangerously 
wounded. Of course, we had hopes that many 
more would come in during the night, as we 
were withdrawn from the field in squads, and 
without any word of command that all could 
hear, and the men were coming in all night. 

The night was very dark, and I proposed to 
Sergeant Orson Vanderhoef of our company, 



152 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

that if he and two others would volunteer to go 
with me we would go over to the hillside and 
bring off the body of Lieutenant Stedman. 
Ort. was made of the best of stuff, and with two 
others, as good, we started. Never saw I such 
a scene before. The old dead pine trees stand- 
ing on the ridge had taken fire from the bursting 
shells and cast a weired and gloomy light over 
the battlefield. When we came to the old road 
we followed it up and soon came to the tree 
under which the body of the dead lieutenant lay. 
Some one had taken his saber that I so much 
wanted to send home to his only child, at that 
time a small boy, but we searched in vain for it. 
I never can forget the terrible sounds that filled 
our ears. When the wounded men discovered 
that some one was there they began such piteous 
appeals for help. "For Gods sake can't you 
give me a drop of water ? " " Can't you help me 
off the field, so I may not be captured?" The 
memory of that dread scene haunts me still, and 
I suppose will as long as I can turn in fond 
recollection to those brave men that were so 
ruthlessly sacrificed at the battle of New Hope 
Church. Would it not be the proper thing for 
General O. Howard (between his prayers) to 
explain why he left that hillside with its great 
number of wounded men to fall into the hands 
of a merciless enemy, when a good skirmish line 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 153 

could have held it, at least until the wounded 
could have been removed ? I would not have 
propounded this inquiry had I not seen some 
of his war articles in a popular magazine. But 
I must return to my sad story. I said to Ser- 
geant Vanderhoef that he and I would take the 
shoulders, and the others might divide the 
balance of the burden, as Ort. and I were a little 
the more muscular of the party. We had just 
stooped down to raise the body of our loved 
comrade when there rang out the silvery notes of 
a bugle, so clear and soft one might have mis- 
taken it for some night bird's call. Ort. said : 
"Captain, what's that?" I said: "I guess that is 
some artillery call. It is certainly not an in- 
fantry call." Ort. said: "By G — d, it's the rebel 
forward, I've heard it many a time on picket, 
and we'd better be getting out of here pretty 
G — d d — d quick." Just at this instant a rebel 
skirmisher stepped into the old road, and the 
blaze of his musket went away past where we 
stood. I whispered to separate instantly, and 
away we went down the hill. The firing had 
now become general all along the line, telling 
the story only too plainly that the field, with all 
of its wealth of dead and wounded comrades, 
had been abandoned to the tender mercies of 
one of the most cruel enemies that ever fought a 
battle. Common humanity would have dictated 



154 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

that a fresh line should have been established 
on that field, and maintained there until the last 
wounded union soldier had been tenderly borne 
back to the field hospital. The only reason the 
rebels charged over that battlefield that night 
was because they knew no line of union skir- 
mishers was there to oppose them, and they 
could plunder the brave dead and wounded 
without danger of molestation. 

As soon as one was away from the light of 
the burning pines it was so dark one could not 
see a hand before him, and the first thing that I 
realized I was up to my neck in Picket's mill 
pond ; but, being a Baptist, that did not astonish 
me to any alarming extent. I grouped around 
in the darkness not knowing whether my wan- 
dering steps were bearing me into our lines or 
the rebel's. At length, about three o'clock a. m., 
I came upon a group of men and asked who 
they were. One replied they were General 
Howard and staff. I told them my name, rank, 
company and regiment, as well as brigade and 
division, and asked for directions. None of 
them could give any and I was about to leave 
when it occurred to me that was the corps com- 
mandant, and I, as an officer, had a duty to 
perform. I addressed the general, begging his 
pardon for the intrusion, and told him that I 
had been driven off the battlefield, and that there 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 155 

was not so much as a union picket between 
our lines and the rebels. You might have sup- 
posed that he thanked me for the information, 
and that he would have said "that he would 
have the matter looked into," but on the contrary 
his reply was: "There is not a word of truth in 
your story, sir. Go away from here, this is my 
headquarters." I went immediately away re- 
flecting how it was possible for a man to be 
such a devout Christian and a corps commander, 
and still be so little of a gentleman. 

When I found the regiment they were in- 
trenching, and I worked with them until day- 
light, when we found our works faced to the 
rear. We soon put out a skirmish line, reformed 
our works, and this battle under the different 
names of Picket's Mills, Pumpkinvine creek and 
New Hope Church, was the last engagement 
in which our brigade took part on the rebel 
position known as Dallas. 

In this battle of New Hope Church, just 
described in the poor way that a line officer has 
of seeing such a conflict, our regiment lost very 
heavily in officers and men. I see by a note I 
made at the time that the brigade in this action 
lost five hundred and sixty men. We remained 
in this position for a number of clays, skirmish- 
ing and fighting, somewhere, almost constantly. 
It was at this position that we had the benefit of 



156 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

a lesson and example from the regular brigade. 
On this line the regulars joined us on the left. 
The rebel skirmish line ran along by the edge 
of a wood, while from our line to theirs the 
ground was open and comparatively level. To 
avoid losing men, we put our skirmishers out 
before daylight in the morning, avoiding any 
formal "guard mounting," and relieved them 
after dark at night. The regulars took the reg- 
ular regulation way. At nine o'clock every 
morning they had " guard mounting," omitting 
no formality of the same. The rebel skirmish 
line, safe in their pits, firing into them all the 
time. The new line going out under fire, and 
the relieved one coming back under the same 
conditions. This occurred every morning as 
long as we remained in this position. I am not 
certain whether this fact ever came to the knowl- 
edge of the general officers or not, but the fact 
became so notorious that the men from all along 
our brigade were in the habit of coming in 
behind our works to witness the " regular guard 
mounting." They used to lose from two to 
five men every morning. The boys used to call 
it the "regular slaughter pen." 

We remained in this position until the fifth of 
June, when we found that Sherman's flanking 
process had done its work and the rebels had 
abandoned their position, and we moved to the 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 157 

left to within three miles of Ackworth. From 
this time until we again struck the rebel position, 
the twenty-second of June, it was march, skir- 
mish and intrench. This gave us but little rest, 
and the boys were looking haggard and care- 
worn. This constant skirmishing, this no place 
of safety, this constant alarm, and night work on 
intrenchments, seemed to fatigue and wear out 
men more than fighting hard battles, followed 
by security and rest. 

We had now pushed our line as far south as 
Marietta, a beautiful town, situated just north of 
the Chattahoochee river, and just south of 
Kennesaw mountain. This country of central 
Georgia is somewhat peculiar in its formation. 
There are no distinct mountain ranges south of 
the Allatoonas, but here and there a beautiful 
little mountain rises all alone above the 
surrounding country, that seems very much like 
table-land, though not level enough to bear that 
appellation. Among these solitary mountains, 
the names of which I remember, are Pine, where 
the rebel general, Bishop Polk, was killed before 
we reached our present position, Kennesaw 
mountain, Lost mountain and Stone mountain. 
All these little mountains were taken advantage 
of, as defensive positions, by the enemy; and 
here at Marietta the rebel line ran over the 
north side of Kennesaw, making an admirable 



158 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

position for its right flank. Here we forced 
our way very close to the enemy's works and in 
some places our works approached theirs to 
within two hundred feet, so that neither army 
could have a skirmish line beyond its works. 
When we were coming into this close position, 
the rebels made a charge and were repulsed with 
great slaughter; and their dead lay there un- 
buried until after they abandoned this line. 
Some of us went over this portion of the line, 
and it was with difficulty that we picked our way 
among the rebel dead. I never saw the dead 
lie thicker, save at Chickamauga ; and it took a 
strong man to stand the terrible stench that 
arose from that field in this almost tropical 
climate. I think this position of the enemy was 
the strongest of any we had encountered, and 
for the benefit of those that were not there I will 
describe these rebel works and defenses. In 
the first place there was the timber, the trees 
were felled and the tops turned outward, the 
small branches all trimmed off and the large 
ones sharpened. These trees, so trimmed, were 
placed contiguously to each other, and the buts 
staked down with heavy stakes driven deep into 
the ground. This first line of rebel defenses 
was about shoulder high to an ordinary man, 
and could only be cleared away by axmen. 
Their second line was constructed in this wise: 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 159 

A ditch was dug about four feet deep, pine 
poles from three to four inches in diameter were 
cut and sharpened to a point, set about four 
inches apart at an angle of about forty-five 
degrees, facing outward, and coming up about 
breast high. This ditch was filled with earth, 
and tamped solidly, then near the ground these 
sharpened stakes were woven together with 
withes. A more formidable defense could 
hardly be invented. Their third line of defense 
required more labor. They cut pine logs about 
twelve inches in diameter, and bored them 
through the center at right angles, with three 
inch augers; these holes were filled with pine 
poles six feet long sharpened at each end, and 
driven through the log just halfway. These 
logs were halved together and pinned, and the 
splices wrapped with telegraph wire, thus mak- 
ing a continuous line. This defense is what the 
French call Chevanxdefrise, and is just as for- 
midable one side up as the other, and cannot be 
gotten over without axmen. Finally, the rifle 
pits, with head-logs thereon, leaving a space of 
about three inches, through which an infantry- 
man could aim and fire in comparative safety, 
the head-logs fully protecting the head above 
the line of sight. These defenses were placed 
and constructed about fifteen rods apart, and all 
within the deadly range of the Enfield rifle with 



160 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

which our mother country had armed the con- 
federacy; and a more accurate, longer range 
muzzle-loader was never invented. A portion 
of the enemy's line, with defenses just as I have 
described above, General Sherman tried to carry 
by assault the twenty-seventh day of June, and 
lost three thousand men in fifteen minutes, 
General Newton making the assault with the 
first division of the 4th corps. Our brigade was 
in position to support the assaulting columns 
and we saw the disastrous charge, but the 
charge failing we were not put in. Here the 
brave young General Harker was killed, while 
leading one of the assaulting columns. That 
the charge would fail was inevitable. A single 
line of battle of the enemy, armed as they were, 
inside of such defenses, could repulse any mass 
of men that could be sent against them. It 
would require a man without a musket and 
accouterments, armed with a good ax, from five 
to ten minutes to cut through these three outer 
lines of defenses, and the idea of assaulting such 
a position without first having these defenses 
cleared away, was entirely preposterous. It 
would have cost the killing or wounding of one 
thousand axmen to have cleared the way for a 
regimental front to charge. After the terrible 
disaster of the twenty-seventh of June, 1864, 
General Sherman came out in a long general 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 161 

order, which was in fact a very weak excuse for 
this disastrous blunder, and winding up in sub- 
stance as follows: "My soldiers must learn that 
they must charge in all places, and that we cannot 
depend at all times upon flank movements." 

I suffer no man, no old soldier, to stand before 
me in my admiration for the services rendered 
our country by that grand old hero, General W. 
T. Sherman, but in military life, like civil life, a 
man may be very valuable and great in one 
direction, and of very little value in another. 
That general was not developed during the war 
for the suppression of the rebellion, that could 
handle one hundred thousand men in such a 
fine manner, keeping them all in hand, like 
General Sherman. But when it came to fight- 
ing in a country the Atlanta campaign was 
fought over, with the defenses his army had to 
meet, his corps commanders, and his men 
generally, had very little confidence in his 
judgment. This feeling, that he knew was quite 
general, was the inspiration of the famous order 
that I have referred to before, issued after the 
battle of Kennesaw mountain, June 27th, 1864. 
I have it on the authority of Colonel Payne, that 
Generals Thomas, Logan, McPherson and others 
of his generals on the campaign, persuaded him 
out of many an assault he had ordered, that 

would have been as disastrous as that of 
11 



162 Campaigns of the I2j.th Regiment, 

Kennesaw mountain. But that any of them 
had the ability to do as well as he did I do not 
believe. General Thomas had the best of judg- 
ment in fighting a battle and what men could 
do and should attempt, but he would never 
have gotten his army there as Sherman did. Of 
course General Sherman never admitted his 
mistake in ordering the assault at Kennesaw, 
but we all remember he never repeated it during 
the remainder of the campaign. 

In the position in front of Kennesaw we saw 
trees twelve inches in diameter cut completely 
off by the fire of musketry alone — simply bitten 
out, piece by piece, until the trees would fall. 
You can imagine about how much ammunition 
was expended ? 

On the third of July we found the rebels had 
again retired, and we followed up, passing 
through Marietta. We made a short stop near 
the Georgia State Military Institute. Some of 
us went up on one of the buildings and had a fine 
view of the surrounding country. We marched 
in all to the southward six miles this day, and 
turned in to get ready to celebrate- the glorious 
fourth, to-morrow. The morning of the fourth 
opened with more than a national salute, and 
though we did not do much fighting there was 
plenty of cannonading on our right, and it was 
currently reported in camp that fifteen hundred 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 1(33 

prisoners had been captured, which caused "the 
day we celebrate" to be indeed a glorious 
fourth. The fifth we found the rebels had again 
abandoned their works in our front, and our 
regiment deployed as skirmishers, and held the 
advance of the division. We found, on the top 
of the hill that overlooks the Chattahoochee 
river, a "butternut" that had evidently tired of 
the* southern confederacy, for, as Hood puts it, 
had "enlisted in the line." He had bent down 
a sapling, fastened a piece of bark around " his 
melancholy neck" and to the sapling, and then 
let go. He was one of those lank, lean rebels 
that had not flesh enough on his bones to even 
decay. He had dried up like a piece of beef, 
and was an elegant specimen of a confederate 
mummy. This item of news in time of peace 
would, undoubtedly, have furnished a sensa- 
tional article for a Marietta paper, but the boys 
cut him down and the line moved on. 

In the afternoon, as we approached the river, 
from the top of a high hill we saw Atlanta. It 
looked as good to us as the promised land did 
to Moses, as there we saw the end of this 
terribly exacting and fatiguing campaign. As 
we were driving the rebels down to the river, at 
the south side of an open field, the rebels 
erected rail barricades, from which it gave us 
some trouble to dislodge them. I thought by 



164 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

swinging the left of our line around we could 
"gobble them in," and not expose our center to 
their fire, protected as they were, and had sent 
word to that effect to Captain Raidaie, who had 
charge of that portion of the line. About this 
time General Tommy Wood, commander of 
our division, rode up, accompanied by one 
orderly. Without waiting for me to carry out 
my little strategy, or in fact consulting me at 
all, he at once ordered a charge. "Go in, brave 
boys." "Go in, brave boys." We, of course, 
drove the Johnnies from their rail barricade with 
the most perfect safety, as they put in all the time 
we were "double quicking" across the field, 
shooting at "Old Tommy;" fortunately the old 
general was in such a state of spiritual exhilara- 
tion that he was in no danger of getting hurt. 
That night we drove the last rebel across the 
Chattahoochee river, and went into camp for 
several days. 

We had been on the campaign sixty-three 
days. The enemy had been flanked out of four 
very strong positions, but nothing like a general 
engagement had been fought, nothing like a 
decisive battle had been won. Owing to the 
fact that where battles had been fought the 
enemy fought behind his works, on very advan- 
tageous ground, our losses must have been very 
much more severe than his. Our base of 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 165 

supplies was every day growing farther away, 
and our line of communications therewith 
requiring more men to guard. With the ex- 
ception of the fact that we had run over some 
rebel territory, that we left in a condition to feed 
no more rebels, what had we gained. 

The enemy during all these long weeks had 
been commanded by General Joseph E.Johnston. 
Of all the defensive officers, developed by the 
war on either side, I do not believe General 
Joseph E.Johnston had an equal. In the face of 
a vastly superior army, he had held four posi- 
tions, fought many battles, and finally crossed 
the Chattahoochee river, and General Sherman 
had not been able to force him into a decisive- 
engagement. 

In all this defensive retreat General Johnston 
had not lost property to the value of a cracker 
box. While the country we had so far advanced 
over had been most favorable to a defensive 
campaign, nevertheless, I doubt if the history of 
the world can furnish another example of so 
well executed defensive work, as that conducted 
by General Joseph E. Johnston, from Ringgold 
to the Chattahoochee river. But fortunately for 
the right treason is not always associated with 
great ability. If the civil administration of the 
confederacy had been conducted as ably as the 
military, with all of its mistakes and blunders. 



166 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

the outcome would have been a matter of grave 
doubt. But fortunately for the Union and the 
cause of humanity, Mr. Jefferson Davis, the 
president of the confederacy, had not the 
ability to appreciate the services of one so 
able as the general that had so successfully 
opposed General Sherman on the Atlanta cam- 
paign. Generals Johnston and Sherman were 
both educated at our military academy at West 
Point, and were classmates. Each knew the 
other very well ; and it was the plan of General 
Johnston, knowing the impetuosity of General 
Sherman, to destroy the union army by suffering 
it to continually give him battle behind his im- 
pregnable works, and from which continual mis- 
takes General Sherman's able lieutenants had 
saved him (to which I have referred heretofore). 
General Johnston well knew, from the start, that 
he could not cope with the union army in an 
open field engagement, and he had planned to 
have so reduced Sherman's army, by the time 
he had reached and crossed the Chattahoochee 
river, that the two armies would be on some- 
thing like equal terms as to men, and a more 
aggressive mode of warfare on the part of the 
rebel forces would give better promise of 
success. But after the confederate army had 
crossed the Chattahoochee river, the civil au- 
thorities at Richmond became alarmed. The 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 167 

president of the confederacy being the inspira- 
tion of the dissatisfaction that existed against 
General Sherman's heroic opponent, General 
Johnston was removed and General Hood 
placed in command of the rebel forces, and the 
the sequel will show with what success. Had 
General Johnston been supported by the civil 
authorities at Richmond, as the good (or bad 
rather) of the confederate cause demanded, in 
my humble judgment, the music and sentiment 
of "Marching through Georgia," that so much 
amused the grand old general in his declining 
years, would never have been written. But I 
must stop this generalizing and return to the 
details of my narrative. 

July ioth, 1864, again found us on the march 
to the left, and we moved in that direction about 
seven miles to near the headquarters of the 23d 
Corps, and on the twelfth, again struck tents, 
and moved down to the river, crossing the same 
on a canvas-boat pontoon bridge, and went into 
camp much nearer Atlanta than ever before. 
The next day we were again on the move, but 
only made a short distance and went into camp, 
and remained in camp until the seventeenth, 
when our brigade went to the river above, drove 
the Johnnies away, and saw one of General 
Sherman's pontoon companies put a bridge 
across the Chattahoochee river in just one hour 



168 Campaigns of the 124th Regi?nent, 

and a quarter, and the 14th Army Corps com- 
menced crossing. The next day we broke camp 
and started in the direction of Atlanta, General 
Newton's division taking the lead. We found 
nothing but skirmishers before us, who seemed 
entirely willing to fall back as fast as we came 
on. The next day, the nineteenth, we moved 
up to Peach Tree creek, and we found that a 
different commander was in charge of the rebels, 
for they attacked the 20th Corps with great 
spirit. But it did not seem to take the heroes 
of Lookout mountain long in an open field 
fight to do the Johnnies, as they seemed to be 
very glad to get away from them. This battle 
of Peach Tree creek was the first of Hood's 
battles, and in this he was very badly punished. 
Our regiment was not engaged more than in 
heavy skirmishing, but our captain, Sherburn B. 
Eaton, was badly, and in fact very dangerously, 
wounded. He was serving on staff duty at 
division headquarters at the time. The captain 
recovered from his wound, but not sufficiently 
to permit of his returning to the service. Cap- 
tain Eaton was our first adjutant, and was as 
prompt an one as ever read orders on dress 
parade. He was a very scholarly gentleman, 
and from him we learned much; and if I remem- 
ber correctly he learned some things from us. 
Some of us country boys, on the start, thought 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 169 

our adjutant a little stylish; but we found him 
brave in action, and that, like charity, covers a 
multitude of other seeming defects in a soldier. 

General Sam. Beatty's brigade of our division 
captured a large number of men, and among 
them a number of officers. Though the burden 
of the battle of Peach Tree creek fell on Hooker's 
Corps, many other organizations bore quite 
important parts in the same. On the whole, we 
were all highly pleased with the change in the 
rebel commanders, and hoped he would keep 
up his present tactics. This open-field-battle 
business was just what we wanted, and had 
been praying for all summer, and only hoped 
Corporal Hood would indulge in them to 
excess. 

On the twentieth of July we marched to the 
left, our division supporting the first division to 
within three miles of Decatur, and within four 
miles of Atlanta. Very heavy skirmishing in 
front, and McPherson reported within two miles 
of Atlanta. Hood charged Newton's division 
and Hooker's Corps, and was repulsed with 
great loss. 

The twenty-first we broke camp very early, 
moved to the right, crossed the Peach Tree 
creek, moved to the front, and put up good 
works. 

Early the morning of the twenty-second 



170 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

Hardee's Corps moved back to the east of 
Decatur, and struck McPherson's Corps on the 
left flank and rear, completely turning the same. 
The gallant general was killed at the front where 
he was trying to rearrange his line of battle, 
exposing himself to the enemy's sharpshooters. 
We all felt that all the brave general could have 
accomplished by his exposure was very poor 
recompense for the grand life thus sacrificed. 
Everything seemed to promise victory for the 
rebels until they had swept our line as far as the 
15th Corps, when they found that Logan had 
changed his front to rear, and instead of there 
being anything like panic or confusion, they 
were met by a charge, led in person by that gal- 
lant general, that sent them whirling back to the 
place from which they started, leaving Logan in 
possession of the field. We were moved over 
to the left to the support of the 15th Corps, but 
were not put into the action ; and I think could 
not have been without being mounted, such was 
the fury of Logan's charge. This was the third of 
Corporal Hood's battles before Atlanta, each one 
of which had resulted in defeat and great disas- 
ter. But our loss was terribly severe, as we lost 
one of our best corps commanders, which cast a 
gloom over the entire army. General James 
McPherson was not only loved by the army of 
the Tennessee, but was admired by all the men 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 1 71 

and officers that were so fortunate as to have 
formed his acquaintance. 

The twenty-second we advanced our lines 
nearer the city and threw up very heavy in- 
trenchments, and the next day strengthened 
them and put up a line of abatis in front. Our 
batteries spent their time in throwing shells into 
the city. I should say our skirmish line was out 
a mile from -the ridge occupied by our works. 
We remained in this position for a number of 
days, and on the twenty-seventh moved out and 
marched around a hill to the left, seemingly a 
thousand and one times, to make the rebels 
believe we were moving to the left; but I guess 
we did not fool them much, as I never saw that 
anything ever came out of our demonstration. 

On this position, at the left of our regiment 
and company, there was a battery of ten pound 
Rodman guns posted. These guns were rifled 
and were capable of throwing a shell five miles, 
they made us believe at least, and they spent 
their time throwing shells into Atlanta. Once 
every five minutes they dropped a shell into the 
city, which must have rendered it a very unpleas- 
ant place for a summer resort. The strangest 
thing about this whole business is, that we could 
lie down and go to sleep "in our little beds," 
and not hear those five minute guns once all 
night long. Such is the power of habit. 



172 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment \ 

At this position we received news that Ser- 
geant Japhet Sooy had died at Chattanooga the 
sixteenth of July. Sergeant Sooy was one of 
the best of soldiers, and his great mirthfulness 
not only made him a great favorite with his own 
company, but with the entire regiment. All 
knew him to be brave and kind, as well as faith- 
ful and obedient. We also received word that 
Timothy Powers was buried at Chattanooga the 
twenty-eighth of July. 

The news of these sad losses caused us to 
reflect on the condition of Company B that left 
Cleveland, Ohio, with one hundred strong and 
able-bodied men. Now twenty-five of them 
were under the ground, filling honorable, but 
many of them unknown, graves. I have not the 
record now before me, but I am certain that the 
other nine companies of this fighting regiment 
suffered equally as severe losses. 

On the third of August the skirmish line in 
the front of our brigade left their pits, drove the 
rebel skirmish line back, and captured thirty of 
the Johnnies; and so persistently did our fellows 
hold the advanced position by them taken, that 
the rebels had to bring up a line of battle before 
they could restore their skirmish line. In this 
affair our regiment did not lose a man. This 
little action came about by our general officers 
thinking there were no rebels but a skirmish 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 173 

line in our front, and there was nothing to hin- 
der us from going to Atlanta; but they soon 
found out there were plenty of those selfsame 
rebels between our line and the city we sought. 
We remained in this position a long time, doing 
more camp than field duty. General Sherman 
brought up a number of heavy siege guns from 
the rear and planted them to our right, and 
threw one hundred pounds of iron into the city 
at every discharge. What good this bombard- 
ment did I cannot now tell, save the destruction 
of a rebel city, which I have now come to regard 
as the right thing to do under the circum- 
stances, and should have been commenced 
sooner. Somehow rebel cities seemed to suffer 
wherever General Sherman went, for which 
I entertain for his memory the profoundest re- 
spect. 

While at Atlanta we lost the 9th Ind. from 
our brigade. Colonel Campbell had orders to 
report to Indianapolis for muster-out. We were 
sorry to part with the 9th as they were in every 
respect a first-class regiment, and could be 
always depended upon to take care of their part 
of the line. But they were now going home, 
after serving since 1861, having done their full 
share of service for their country. 

August 26th, at about eight o'clock a. m., we 
commenced the movement to the right. This 



174 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

was the most terribly hot weather we had en- 
countered ; we marched not over eight miles, 
but more than half of our regiment fell out, com- 
pletely overcome by the intense heat. That night 
our regiment was ordered on the skirmish line. 
The next day the regiment was ordered to move 
to the right, and marched about four miles. The 
next day the 14th Corps and its train passed us, 
and the general tendency of the army seemed to 
be to the right. The next day we struck what we 
called the Montgomery railroad. We destroyed 
about a mile of it pretty effectually. We turned 
the road over, built large fires, put in the rails, 
heated them hot, and then twisted them around 
trees and stumps. I have since thought of what 
sort of language the section-boss used, when he 
was sent to repair that track. I wonder if what 
we did that day made the confessional more 
expensive for him. 

August 30th we moved out early, to a position 
near where we had been wrecking railroad ; then 
marched in a southeasterly course to within four 
miles of the Macon railroad, as we called it at 
the time. We were offered very little resistance 
from the enemy, and this day we marched about 
ten miles. We were making the grand flank 
movement around Atlanta, so famous in history. 
On the last day of August we moved out from 
camp to a position on a ridge, and commenced 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 175 

putting up works. Plenty of enemy in our 
front. About eleven o'clock a. m. the rebels left 
their works, and we immediately started in pur- 
suit. The i st division took some prisoners. 
We struck the Macon railroad about four o'clock 
p. m. We saw a train pass over the road just as 
we came up. We selected a position and forti- 
fied it, and a detail destroyed the track. The 
next morning, our brigade being in the rear, we 
moved out late and marched down the railroad 
toward Jonesborough. Heavy cannonading at 
the front, and we learned that the regular bri- 
gade had made an assault on the enemy's 
position and had been repulsed; but we were 
also informed that General Mitchell's brigade 
had renewed the assault, drove the rebels from 
their works, captured a six gun battery and two 
thousand prisoners. 

On the second day of September, 1864, we 
moved out early, marched through Jones- 
borough, and found the enemy in position about 
three miles south of town on the railroad. We 
formed in line of battle, and made an attack on 
both his flanks, but failed, for some reason, to 
pass beyond them. Here we learned that Atlanta 
had fallen and was in our possession, and the 
rejoicing along our line was immense. The 
news was soon confirmed by a circular from 
division headquarters, stating that the rebels 



176 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

had blown up two of their trains of ammunition 
and seven siege guns. This accounted for the 
noise, that sounded more like an explosion than 
a battle, that we had heard the night before. For 
some reason entirely unknown to your humble 
servant, General Sherman did not desire to 
pursue Corporal Hood any further south, and 
our line of battle was withdrawn. So Atlanta 
had fallen after a campaign of one hundred and 
twenty-two days. The distance from Chatta- 
nooga to Atlanta by the railroad is one hundred 
and thirty-eight miles, but we had marched, un- 
doubtedly, more than that distance by a great 
many miles, in the flank movements we had 
made. 

On the eighth day of September, 1864, we 
marched into and through the " gate city of the 
south." We put on all the style of which our 
dirty and ragged condition would permit, form- 
ing our regiments in column by company, with 
our bands playing and colors flying. We 
marched down Marietta street, and the few 
citizens we saw did not lay themselves out to 
give us a cordial welcome. This street was the 
nearest ruins of anything west of the Atlantic. 
We saw one large sign that I suppose the 
visitor could hardly find in the new Atlanta. It 
extended the entire front of a block and read: 
" Slaves At Auction." We marched three miles 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 177 

east of town and went into camp, and the 
Atlanta campaign was ended. 

I have tried to give you, though very imper- 
fectly, my recollections of this, the greatest cam- 
paign ever made on the western continent. To 
the general hearer it would have been more 
interesting, without doubt, to have given the 
outlines of the campaign, omitting the details of 
each day's movements with their dates; but as 
many of that old fighting regiment (of which I 
had the honor of being a member) are still alive, 
I thought it my duty to place upon record a 
detailed account of their sufferings and triumphs. 
General Sherman had, indeed, broken the shell 
of the confederacy; but I must say (and I think 
my comrades will agree with me) it was, by all 
odds, the toughest shell 'we ever helped to crack. 

For more than one hundred days, of the one 
hundred and twenty-two days of the Atlanta 
campaign, we had been under fire. The graves 
of our dear dead comrades are scattered thickly 
from Dalton to Jonesborough. 

The red earth of our intrenchments marks the 
hillsides and beautiful mountains of northern 
and central Georgia. 

The campaign was the severest blow the 
rebellion had received up to that time, and from 
Atlanta, General Sherman commenced his grand 
march to the sea. 

12 



FROM ATLANTA TO NASHVILLE. 

The campaign of Atlanta practically closed 
with the abandonment of the city by the rebels, 
September 2d, 1864. The confederate forces 
still occupied a position near Jonesborough, 
about thirty miles south of Atlanta. The cam- 
paign had ended by the federal forces arriving 
at a certain geographical point. The confeder- 
ate forces, although somewhat shattered and re- 
duced by the battles dating from Peach Tree 
creek forward, were still intact. The rebel forces 
were still in command of Hood; and with him 
were some able fighting officers, in the persons 
of Cleburne, Hill, Hardee, Adams and others. 

On our arrival at Atlanta, General Sherman 
immediately commenced preparations for the 
grand march to the sea. It was at once evident 
that he intended to abandon his line of commu- 
nications, for he commenced to build a fort large 
enough for the garrison he intended to leave at 
Atlanta. This fort he built substantially in the 
heart of the city, and destroyed the balance be- 
cause in the way of the fort. So when General 
Sherman took up his world-renowned march for 

(179) 



180 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

the seaboard, but very little of the "gate city of 
the south" remained standing. While these 
preparations were going forward the 1 24th regi- 
ment was in camp about three miles southeast 
of Atlanta, busy in cleaning up, drawing new 
clothing, and recuperating from the effects of the 
arduous campaign just closed. We had not 
been in camp many days before we were aston- 
ished by the news that the Sanitary Commission, 
a patriotic organization of the loyal citizens of 
the north (whose ramifications penetrated to 
every city, village, hamlet and farm of the loyal 
states), had sent us a train load of Irish potatoes. 
This may seem a small matter to take note of 
after so many years and read to you, who in all 
your lives have never know the want of anything 
to eat your appetites might crave, but what do 
you say of a lot of men that from January 1st, 
1863, to September, 1864, had not feasted, even 
their eyes, on a potato? If you could, at your 
home, surrounded with all the delicacies of the 
culinary art, be deprived of the common potato 
for eighteen months, you could then appreciate 
our situation. The cheers and shouting that 
went up, mid-afternoon, when the commissary 
department sent word to the regiments it had 
potatoes to issue, were enough to make one think 
the news of some great victory had been com- 
municated to us. And when the stream of pota- 



Ohio Volunteer Infa?itry. 181 

toes began to be diverted and divided to the 
companies and messes, it was too comical for 
anything, those great bronzed and weather- 
beaten soldiers, running around with their hands 
full of potatoes, and to see the fires lighted at 
that time of day, and the little kettles, or pails 
rather, filled and put on brimming full of pota- 
toes; then when cooled to see the feasting — 
potatoes served with salt. I suppose you would 
demand nice Jersey butter, but salt was good 
enough for us. And this is not all I have to say 
of that commission organized from the loyal citi- 
zens of the north. It brought us by the car 
load, pickled cabbage and onions; and how re- 
freshing they were to us that had not tasted veg- 
etable food for eighteen long months. I do not 
believe there is an old veteran alive to-day that 
does not bless from the bottom of his heart, that 
greatest and most magnificent of charities ever 
organized — the Sanitary Commission. 

We had stayed in camp, as I said, while Gen- 
eral Sherman was preparing for his march to the 
sea; busy each day with drilling, foraging for 
corn, and all the many things necessary to keep 
companies and regiments in good shape, as per 
the army regulations. We had hoped, as had 
each regiment of the Army of the Cumberland, 
that it would be our good fortune to go with 
Sherman on his march south, and it was with not 



182 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

a little chagrin and heartburning that we were 
not called, neither chosen, to go on that march, 
that has been the wonder and admiration of the 
military critics of all nations. 

It had been determined by General Sherman 
that our corps (the 4th), commanded by General 
Stanley, and the 23d Corps, commanded by Gen- 
eral Schofield — these two corps, and all other 
organizations of troops between Atlanta and 
Nashville, to be in command of General George 
H. Thomas. Howard was placed in command of 
the army of the Tennessee, whereby we lost the 
services of General Hooker. The remainder of 
the army (save the brigade of regulars, that were 
sent back to the top of Lookout mountain where 
they would be out of danger) was chosen by 
General Sherman to make the march to the sea. 
But you must not suppose that this choice was 
made by reason of any superiority of that por- 
tion of the army that went with him. It had 
turned out that Corporal Hood had made up his 
mind that if Sherman could cut away from his 
base of supplies, and march south into the ene- 
my's country, he (Hood) ought to be able to ■ 
march north, among his dearly beloved friends ; 
and if Sherman struck a heavy blow south, he 
would get in his counter up north. And with 
the 23d and 4th Corps only, left by Sherman, 
Hood had two men to Thomas' one. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 183 

But before passing to the details of the cam- 
paign upon which we were about to enter, suffer 
me to remark that the same painstaking prepa- 
ration by General Sherman that I referred to in 
the " Atlanta Campaign," was going forward. 
The most rigid surgical examination was had in 
every company of every man whose health was 
suspected, or where there could be anything 
found that incapacitated him from performing 
the supposed arduous duties to be imposed upon 
him. All that could not stand this rigid test 
were sent north. Would you not suppose that 
many would have taken advantage of this ex- 
amination to have gotten rid of a campaign that 
seemed fraught with dangers, and so difficult of 
execution? On the contrary, I am informed 
by high authority that those that were rejected 
felt themselves grossly insulted and degraded as 
soldiers. Neither was this crucial examination 
confined to the men — the animals were carefully 
inspected, and all those not perfectly sound were 
sent to the rear, or disposed of in some other 
way. The same of arms and accouterments ; so 
that when General Sherman turned his face 
toward the salt sea breezes of the Atlantic, he 
had under his command as hardy, as healthy, as 
determined, and as brave an army of veterans 
as ever caused the earth to tremble under their 
tread. 



184 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

It now seemed that Hood wanted a little more 
of the smell of our powder before he took his 
little excursion to the mountains of Tennessee, 
for we heard he was in force north of Marietta, 
and was threatening one of our fortified posi- 
tions at Altoona Pass, that Sherman had used 
as a sub-base of supplies during the Atlanta 
campaign. So October 3d, 1864, we broke up 
camp and marched to within five miles of Mari- 
etta, and camped in the rebel works that had 
been constructed by them, first, after leaving 
their position at Kennesaw mountain. This was 
good marching, having started from our camp, 
three miles east of Atlanta, at four o'clock p. m. 

The fourth, we struck tents at noon and 
marched through Marietta to the front of Ken- 
nesaw, and again found the rebel works conven- 
ient. Plenty of rebels reported at Big Shanty, 
a short distance north. This two days' marching 
shows how much easier to retrograde than to 
advance, in the face of the enemy. It had taken 
us to go from Kennesaw mountain to Atlanta, 
from July 22d to September 2d, and we had re- 
turned in a part of two days. The fifth we 
moved out of our camp and marched north to 
Piny Knob, and formed in line of battle along 
the base of the mountain. Sherman had a sig- 
nal corps or station on the top of this mountain. 
Some of us went up to the station, and we could 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 185 

distinctly see Altoona Pass, and see the smoke 
of the battle in progress there, as well as watch 
the advancing columns General Sherman was 
sending forward for the relief of General Corse, 
who was gallantly defending the works there, 
against overpowering numbers of the enemy. 
It was here, from this mountain top, that Gen- 
eral Sherman signaled to General Corse " Hold 
the fort for I am coming," that some one has 
immortalized in sacred song. Several of the old 
124th stood not twenty feet from the old general, 
when this famous dispatch was being signaled 
from the top of Piny Knob to the gallant Corse, 
who at that time was suffering from a dangerous 
wound he received while in the defense he was 
making. But Hood, evidently, did not care to 
fight on equal terms, and withdrew in the direc- 
tion of Lost mountain, and afterwards moved 
in the direction of Rome, Ga.; and Sherman, 
leaving Old Pap Thomas to look after and care 
for Corporal Hood, turned his face toward the 
south, and that was the last day of the war we 
ever saw our beloved Uncle Billy. It was with 
a feeling of sadness that we saw him depart, for 
we had learned to love and trust in him as we 
had no other commander. We marched north 
through Altoona Pass, which still showed evi- 
dences of the sanguinary conflict that had taken 
place there. We marched all night after we 



186 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

went through the Pass, sleeping fifteen minutes 
each hour. It was perfectly surprising to see 
how quickly the regiment would go to sleep 
when the halt was sounded. When the assem- 
bly call came it was some trouble to wake the 
tired soldiers, but usually we were soon all in 
line, and marching on for another hour. The 
next day we marched all day long, after halting, 
making coffee, and taking breakfast near the 
Etowah river. On this march I first discovered 
the fact that it was possible for one to march and 
be sound asleep, for on waking up I discovered 
that no portion of the landscape had a familiar 
look, showing that one had been asleep long 
enough for the landscape to entirely change by 
our moving forward. This marching back on 
the railroad track was very hard, as the road was 
not in very good shape, and we were in danger 
of falling through trestles ; and during the night, 
every now and then, some sleepy soldier would 
get off his guard, and his head would go down 
on the rail, making everything jingle. All the 
sympathy such unfortunates received would be 
the shouts and jeers of his comrades to which 
he often replied in language just bordering on 
the profane. This marching did not differ much 
from day to day, and on the fifteenth day of 
October we crossed the Rocky Face mountains. 
We went out over the Chickamauga battlefield 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 187 

and saw very many of the bones of our unknown 
comrades still unburied, that had fallen there 
more than a year before. 

What strange feelings come over one as he 
passes over the field where he fought, and his 
loved comrades fell. It seems as though they 
were with him again in all of their manly beauty; 
he can see their stern looks of defiance; can hear 
the rattle of the musketry, the thunder of the 
artillery, the shouts of victory, the thud of the 
fatal minie, the dying groan, the last good-bye; 
and the specter battle seems as real as when 
engaged in the deadly conflict of the year before. 
The timber was badly torn down by the shot 
and shells on that portion of the field over which 
we passed. I remember the last day our Colonel 
Payne was with us. The regiment was march- 
ing left in front that day, and of course that 
brought my company next to the colonel and his 
staff. We made a halt near Rossville, and laid 
down on the grass to rest. It was a beautiful 
Indian summer evening; and while in conversa- 
tion with the colonel he informed me he intended 
to leave the regiment at Chattanooga; "thought 
he had done his part," which was true, having 
nearly lost his life from a wound he received at 
Chickamauga. I was surprised to learn of his 
intention to leave us, as this was the first intima- 
tion that I had of his intention to resign; but 



188 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

what surprised me most was the despairing view 
he seemed to take of the war. He said to me, 
"We never can conquer the south, and if we do 
children yet unborn will fight in this war." I 
replied: "They would have to muster them in 
pretty young, if they did, and I expect to see 
the end of the rebellion the next year." I think 
it must have been the depressing effect of our 
retrograde movement that had taken such a hold 
on our brave young colonel, for it did seem to 
many that all our arduous campaign to Atlanta 
had been for naught. 

Many thought it presumptuous in General 
Sherman to leave a large rebel army to be 
opposed by an army of about half its numbers. 
But General Sherman knew him that was in 
command of the rebel army, and knew very well 
the grand old Virginian he had intrusted with 
the taking care of him. We went into camp 
around Chattanooga, the place that had been the 
scene of so much of sorrow and rejoicing the 
year before. We soon heard that Hood was 
marching for the Tennessee river about Decatur, 
and we were put into and on freight cars, and 
started in the night for that point. 

A large part of my company was on the top 
of the cars, and many of them went to sleep in 
that dangerous situation and caused me very 
much anxiety. Many a time during that night 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 189 

of peril I found a comrade just on the edge of 
the car, liable to fall off with any little jolt. I 
never remember passing a more perilous night. 
The next day we " came off the roof" of the cars, 
and soon commenced the march northward for 
Pulaski. 

When we came to the Duck river, that we had 
crossed the year before at Manchester, there a 
mere mountain stream, we found a considerable 
river, and so swollen with rains that it gave us 
considerable difficulty in crossing. We soon 
arrived at Pulaski, a beautiful little village in 
middle Tennessee. This is the best portion of 
the state, and so much has nature done for it, 
that had it not been for the blighting influence of 
slavery, might have truthfully been denominated 
the garden spot of the United States. We had 
not been in Pulaski many days before Forrest's 
cavalry appeared on our flanks, and we heard 
that Hood had crossed the Tennessee river. 
We now took the pike again and moved up as 
far as the village of Columbia, the home of sev- 
eral distinguished officers of the confederate 
army. Here we went into camp, and did con- 
siderable intrenching, our flanks resting on the 
Elk river. We arrived at Columbia the twenty- 
fourth of October, and remained there until the 
night of the twenty-ninth. During the day of 
the twenty-ninth our regiment was sent up the 



190 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

river to watch a ford, and we watched it nicely, 
seeing the rebel infantry crossing all day ; but we 
had no orders to do anything but watch. That 
afternoon we heard heavy firing in the direction 
of Spring Hill, and we afterwards learned that 
our first division had been sharply engaged with 
Cheatham's division, and had most handsomely 
checked the rebel advance. At dark we were 
called in, and commenced the march northward 
again. I should say it was about midnight when 
Adjutant Hammer came riding back directing the 
company commandants to have the men so adjust 
their canteens and bayonet scabbards that as 
little noise be made as possible, that we were in 
the immediate presence of the enemy. This we 
could hardly believe. Were it possible that the 
rebels had gotten a position cutting our army in 
twain? We believed nothing of the kind, but, 
nevertheless, obeyed the order like the true vet- 
eran soldiers that we were. Soon we saw two 
lines of fires running away to the northeast, and 
the left end of the line nearest us was so near 
the pike one could have cast a stone into it with- 
out much effort. Were it possible these two 
lines of bivouac fires represented the two lines 
of blue and gray that had been fighting there 
the afternoon before ? It was true. Such were 
the facts. And yet our division, the 3d, and a 
wagon train twelve miles long, passed along that 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 191 

pike, with all the noise incident to the moving 
of a wagon train and artillery attached to our 
division, without hindrance or molestation from 
the enemy. 

Not a shot was fired, not a rebel picket nor 
skirmish line encountered, as we passed the left 
flank of the enemy's line. Yet, they knew we 
were there, for several of our men wandered 
from the column and went over to the fires to 
warm, and were captured. Was there treason 
to the confederacy? The fighting the next day 
fully answers that question in the negative. 
Hood claims, I am told, that his officers were 
drunk and failed to attack as he had ordered, 
and thereby let our division pass him at Spring 
Hill. This may be true, for middle Tennessee 
makes a kind of whiskey that will take the W. C, 
T. U. a long time to eradicate. A single skir- 
mish line across the pike that night would have 
so delayed us, incumbered with the train, as we 
were (the train could not have been moved off 
the pike), that it hardly seems possible that 
General Stanley could have reunited the divi- 
sions' of his corps. Thus was the golden oppor- 
tunity of Hood lost. We soon left the rebel 
fires behind us, and with our train well ahead,, 
and our divisions united, we had little to fear 
from an army commanded by such a general 
as Hood. I have read somewhere a confederate 



1 92 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

account of this transaction, and the writer, 
though claiming to have been on the spot, fails 
to give anything like a rational reason for the 
confederate forces letting us pass them October 
30th, at Spring Hill. 

The next morning we halted and made coffee 
beside the pike. While breakfasting, a squad of 
rebel cavalry dashed up to the train, fired a few 
shots, and were away like the wind. As we 
neared Franklin we came up with some new 
regiments that General Thomas had hurried on 
from Nashville, to meet and assist us in case we 
were forced to a battle before we reached Nash- 
ville. These poor fellows that had been as far 
south as Spring Hill, and were returning that 
morning, were mostly completely played out, and 
filled the fence corners all along the pike. I am 
sorry to say the hardy veterans that swung along 
after marching all night treated them to expres- 
sions of which the following are samples : " Fresh 
fish." "Fresh fish." "There lies $1000 and a 
cow." " How much did you get ? " " Say Jimmy, 
who owns you ? " " Millions in it." These poor 
fellows, with knapsacks larger than a mule 
should be required to carry, received these 
taunts and jeers with silent disgust; and quite 
likely the most of them at this time are drawing 
pensions for disabilities received in the service 
and in the line of duty, while the old veteran of 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 193 

scores of battles and skirmishes, of hundreds of 
miles of marches, though broken in health, and 
prematurely old by reason of his hard service, 
has no hospital record, and suffers great diffi- 
culties in establishing his claim for a pension. 
Something wrong, somewhere, sure. 

We arrived at Franklin about noon, and found 
the 23d Corps in position and throwing up works 
from the Harpeth river above the village to the 
river below. With this place we were very 
familiar. We first came here in February, 1863. 
This was our camp of instruction. We assisted 
in building the fort, with its large magazine on 
the north side of the river and to the left of the 
village facing south. We that had worked out 
many a weary detail asking, "What is all this 
worth?" "What is this for, miles — miles from 
the enemy and the front," had the opportunity, 
this thirtieth day of October, 1864, of seeing our 
labor richly rewarded. We use to do picket 
duty north of the river and town, and knew 
every foot of that country; and our Lieutenant 
Colonel Pickands and Adjutant Hammer en- 
joyed the reputation of knowing some of the 
rebel girls, with which the village swarmed. I 
remembered one Sally Atkinson, who lived near 
our picket line, in fact the line ran through her 
father's dooryard, who was a fine player on the 
piano, and something of a singer. She, like all 

13 



194 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

the southern women, was a bitter rebel, and 
used to entertain the boys with "The bonny 
blue flag," and other rebel songs. She often 
boasted of having two brothers in the rebel 
service. But more of this anon. 

Our wagon train was on the north side of the 
river, pulling out for Nashville to the full extent 
of its mule power. Those not familiar may be 
interested in a brief description of the field 
where the battle of Franklin was fought. The 
Harpeth river makes quite a sharp bend to the 
north, and the formerly very rich village, built 
very compactly, occupies the most of the room 
in the bend. Here, before the war, was the 
home of many rich cotton planters, for as you 
all will remember, this is the heart of the cotton 
growing belt of Tennessee. The turnpike run- 
ning from the southern part of the state, through 
Pulaski, Columbia, and on to Nashville, ran 
through about the center of Franklin. The 
Harpeth river is a small stream, made largely 
of springs, but running through a limestone 
region, lay in deep pools much of its way, that 
only rendered it fordable above and below the 
town. To the left of the pike going south from 
town there was a large cotton field, stretching 
to the left, nearly to the river, and extending to 
the south, I should say, from half to three- 
quarters of a mile to a line of hills, that rise quite 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 195 

abruptly and constitute a picturesque landscape. 
Across this cotton field, from east to west, ran 
our works, as I have said, from river above to 
river below. At and near the pike, and to the left 
of the same, was planted all of the field artillery 
that we possessed. It was the fortune of our 
regiment to be detailed to cross the river, go 
down below the pike bridge, intrench the south 
bank and guard the ford; and while we wit- 
nessed the battle we were not called into it, and 
did not have occasion to fire a shot at the point 
where we were stationed. Our line, as you will 
understand from this brief description, was of 
necessity short, and in some places was sup- 
ported by a reserve line. General Hood came 
up with his forces and formed his charging 
columns under the cover of the hills at the 
south. He visited each division and brigade, 
to which he stated that all the confederate 
soldiers had to do was to take the rude works 
in front of Franklin, Thomas' army would be 
captured, and Nashville with all of its vast mil- 
itary stores of clothing, provisions and ammu- 
nition would fall into their hands. That Hood 
was a good man to fight, about a division, I 
think is conceded; but I take it, if Thomas had 
been consulted, and could have had the directing 
of Hood, he would not have had him done any 
different from what he did. Hood had in all 



196 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

arms, about forty-five thousand men when he 
came before Franklin. He had about six thou- 
sand cavalry, under General Forrest, that in- 
stead of using on our flanks and rear, he sent 
off to Murfreesborough to take the fort that 
was garrisoned by a few regiments of recent en- 
listment. The fort was easily defended against 
Forrest and would have been had his force been 
double what it was. Forrest was a raider, but 
in no sense a fighter. Schofleld had not more 
than twenty thousand men, all told, some of 
which were on duty with the train. But twenty 
thousand old veterans, as my old soldier 
friends will bear me witness here to-day, are 
hard to go out and get, especially, if you 
come straight up to the front door, and this 
Corporal Hood, in a very gentlemanly manner, 
did. 

Hood formed his charging column in three 
lines, extending across the old cotton field from 
east to west ; his right reaching the river, his left 
resting on the pike. About three o'clock he 
made his first assault. His lines came on in fine 
style. The heavy guns in the fort commenced 
shelling unmercifully as soon as the assaulting 
column emerged from behind the hills, and when 
it reached a point near enough the field artillery 
opened with shrapnel and canister, making fear- 
ful havoc in the ranks of gray. But nothing 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 197 

daunted those charging lines, led by that best of 
fighting generals, Pat Cleburne, came on until 
they reached a point within two hundred yards 
of our works, when our infrantry opened such a 
murderous fire over that level field that no valor 
could stand before its destructive torrent. The 
assaulting column broke, and the personal pres- 
ence of Hood and his daring lieutenant could 
not rally them until they were behind the shel- 
tering protection of the hills where they were 
first formed. The assault was repeated time 
after time, until nine o'clock that night. In one 
of these assaults the rebels charged to our 
works and drove our first lme out of them for a 
short distance; but Colonel Opdyke's brigade, 
lying close in the rear, at once charged, restoring 
the line and capturing over a thousand prison- 
ers. The rebels were taken entirely unawares 
by the charge made by Opdyke's brigade. 
When they captured that portion of the line 
they seemed to think our forces had left, for 
Opdyke found them sitting down on the top of 
the works ; some of them, having laid their guns 
aside and lighted their pipes, were enjoying the 
solace of the soldier. 

Our field artillery did most magnificent work, 
but suffered heavily. One battery of the Ohio 
regiment of artillery lost all the men it had at 
one gun, save a sergeant, and he loaded and 



198 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

gave the charging column one dose of canister 
after his left arm had been blown off. 

This battle of Franklin was one of the most 
sanguinary, and to the rebel army one of the 
most disastrous, of the war. Hood lost four 
general officers, among them was the celebrated 
Pat Cleburne, that our division had been 
opposed to so many times on the Atlanta cam- 
paign. He fell in one of the many charges that 
afternoon, his horse's fore legs resting on our 
works. As soon as it was certain that the enemy 
did not intend to renew the conflict that night, 
our troops began to retire to the south side of 
the river. The bridge across the stream was 
covered with blankets to a depth of six or 
eight inches, and the artillery was moved across 
without noise ; and by two o'clock a. m. of the 
thirty-first of October the last regiment was on 
the south side of the river and on the march for 
Nashville. Our wounded were left in the vil- 
lage, those that could not be moved, and sur- 
geons to take care of them. 

About two o'clock that morning Colonel 
Pickands came to our company and said "he 
had orders to leave one company in the position 
our regiment had occupied during the battle, 
and concluded that company B must be the 
one." The order was, " that we stay at the ford 
until orders were received to abandon it ;" said, 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 199 

"he would send back an orderly to notify us 
when we could leave;" said, "we might all be 
captured," and he bade me an affectionate fare- 
well when he rode away. If any one doubts 
that this was an anxious hour for us, he does not 
duly appreciate the situation. It would have 
been nothing for mounted men, but we were 
footmen and expected the enemy would send 
out a squadron of cavalry at daybreak to ascer- 
tain what had become of those that had punished 
them so the day before. We listened to the last 
footfall until it died away up the stone pike 
toward Nashville, then all was still. I then went 
along the line and told each one of the boys 
that when we were relieved, or if attacked before 
the order came, we would about-face and move 
back in our present order, deployed as skir- 
mishers. About three-fourths of a mile to the 
south on a gentle elevation was a poplar grove, 
and I insisted to the boys that if we could main- 
tain our line, in case of an attack, either before 
or after the order of relief came, we could make 
a splendid fight even against cavalry in those 
woods. I knew I could rely upon the boys. I 
knew any 124th man could be relied upon dur- 
ing the war — and since. Then we had nothing 
to do but wait. Not a sound was heard across 
the river in Franklin, in the direction of the 
enemy. Sodom and Gomorrah were not stiller 



200 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

after they received the sulphurous shower, than 
was that intensly rebel village and their friends 
near the hills beyond. The day-god began to 
streak the east with his golden rays, and still 
no order came. No cheerful cockcrowing was 
heard as a harbinger of the dawning day. The 
last rooster in the confederacy had been elim- 
inated long years before. Day began to break, 
and we strained our eyes up and down the river 
and in the direction of Franklin, to see the 
approaching foe, but all was still as death. 
Had we been forgotten ? Had something hap- 
pened to the orderly? What good could we do 
by staying? But the order was imperative, 
" stay until ordered away," and orders must be 
obeyed, even if the brave men on this severe 
duty were relegated to captivity. It was now 
broad daylight, and no orderly in sight. But 
no rebel cavalry in sight either. The situation 
was strangely interesting in the extreme. All 
at once we heard the ringing clatter of a horse's 
hoofs, and looking up the pike — coming down 
the hill at breakneck pace — came the orderly at 
last. Talk about sweet strains of music — not 
Theodore Thomas' orchestra, rendering one of 
Beethoven's symphonies, could ever sound as 
sweetly as the ringing of those hoof-beats on 
that lime-stone pike that October morning. 
Riding up to me he said: "Captain, remove 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 201 

your men," and turning his steed toward Nash- 
ville was soon out of sight over the hill. We 
immediately began to remove. The order was 
obeyed, not only with willingness, but with 
wonderous alacrity. We double-quicked in 
line until we came to the poplar grove, when 
we, seeing no signs of pursuit, came into column 
on the pike, and with a long step toward the 
front, and a sharp lookout toward the rear, we 
rapidly measured off the miles in the direction 
of Nashville. About eight o'clock that morning 
we came up with the rear guard, and soon the 
balance of the regiment, making coffee and 
breakfasting by the road side. We were greeted 
by the colonel and the regiment with exclama- 
tions of joy. I told the colonel I was afraid he 
had forgotten us, but he insisted we had not 
been out of his mind a minute since he left us, 
which I have no doubt was true. But when the 
facts came to be known, we were not in the least 
danger. Had we known at that time that old 
Corporal Hood had so kindly sent all of his 
cavalry away to Murfreesborough, where they 
could do him no good, and us no possible harm, 
we would have stayed, made coffee, and eaten 
breakfast before starting. In fact, I have no 
doubt some of the boys would have been over 
in the village looking for " Robinson County," 
where they used to find it while on picket 



202 Campaigns of the 124th Regi?nent, 

months before. But, all in all, a portion of the 
old 124th were the last union soldiers to leave 
Franklin, after the bloody battle of the thirtieth 
of October, 1864. 

But war has its sad features, even for an 
enemy as dishonorable and as thoroughly hated 
as were the rebels. The beautiful village of 
Franklin was riddled with shot and shell. The 
great cotton field to the south was thickly 
covered with the graves of the confederate sol- 
diers. The two brothers of the sweet singer of 
rebel songs were both killed within a few rods 
of their dear old home. But on the other hand, 
Miss Sally Atkinson, after the war, became the 
kind and loving wife of an officer on General 
Thomas staff, emblematical of the restored 
Union. 

The thirty-first we marched to Nashville, and 
the first of December took our position on the 
line extending around the city, from the Ten- 
nessee above to the river below. The line was 
a long one and necessarily thin. Everything 
was in a bustle of excitement in the city. Hood 
was expected to arrive and invest the city every 
hour. The gunboats were busy puffing up and 
down the river looking after the flanks of our 
lines and the various fords above and below. 
Every soldier in the hospitals that could possibly 
perform duty was sent to the front. All the 



Ohio Volunteer Infa,7itry. 203 

laborers that were enlisted as such, and every- 
one that could use a pick and shovel, was pressed 
into the service and set at work on the intrench- 
ments. Every private horse in the city was 
taken for the cavalry or artillery. The right of 
ownership of private property, as applied to 
horseflesh, was in no sense respected. Dan Cas- 
tello's circus was performing at Nashville at the 
time, and every horse was confiscated. Mrs. 
Lake's celebrated trick horse, Czar, was the only 
one left, and that was undoubtedly owing to the 
feeling of chivalry every true soldier has for a 
lady. We had been in Nashville two days, I 
think, when Hood came up very leisurely and 
formed his lines well out from ours. He did 
not act like business, and evidently had not 
recovered from the terrible drubbing he had 
received at Franklin. It was now midwinter in 
the climate of Tennessee, the mud was deep, 
and it rained and sleeted almost every day. 
Hood did not even ask for a skirmish, and his 
was the saddest army of investment that ever 
encompassed a city. General Thomas was busy 
issuing clothing to his army, and especially 
shoes, as our foot gear had been sadly demoral- 
ized by the long march over stony roads and 
railway tracks back from Atlanta. Our portion 
of the line ran in front of the Acklin Place, a 
charming villa residence, built at an expense of 



204 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

a million and a half of dollars. The owner was 
a Mr. Acklin, a wealthy Englishman, who, at his 
own expense, fully armed and equipped a reg- 
iment of confederate infantry, named for him 
"The Acklin Rifles." This Mr. Acklin was not 
at home, so General Thomas took his spacious 
mansion for corps and division headquarters. I 
am satisfied that never before was army head- 
quarters so ornamented with such paintings and 
marbles. We, on the outside, were equally well 
off, for the spacious grounds were surrounded 
by nicely built stone walls that were worked 
into chimneys noiselessly as was the building 
of Solomon's Temple, and though not quite as 
ornamental, were quite as useful, as that fabled 
temple of the olden time. The ornamental trees 
did not make first-rate firewood on account of 
being green, but we had not time for them to 
dry, and had to get along with them as best we 
could. Here we had plenty of rations; and 
vegetables of all kinds were issued to us in 
great abundance. The greatest evi4 we were 
compelled to suffer, while here, was the sale of 
intoxicating liquor to the soldiers in the city. 
The large majority of our regiment were rea- 
sonably temperate men ; but, I am sorry to be 
compelled to say that there was a large amount 
of drunkenness in the army that made the men 
difficult to control, and caused very many to 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 205 

lose their lives. Drunken officers in command 
was a terrible evil. 

I suppose no city in the United States ever 
had so bad a population as the city of Nashville 
during the winter of 1864-5. The thieves, 
gamblers and disreputable of both sexes, 
swarmed in from all over the country, and at 
one time the demimonde became such a plague 
that General Thomas loaded a steamboat with 
them and sent them to Louisville, but the au- 
thorities there refused to let them land, and 
what became of them I never knew; it may be 
they were destroyed for the good of the service. 
It was no uncommon thing to find two or more 
dead soldiers, murdered in an unsavory locality 
known as Smoky Row, every morning, and the 
original inhabitants of the city were none too 
good to murder a union soldier if they found 
him in a condition not to be able to take care of 
himself. If there ever was a city that should 
have been disposed of as Atlanta and Columbia 
were, that city was Nashville. But things were 
getting ripe for action. Every day troops in 
squads, detachments and regiments, were coming 
in by river and by rail. The 17th Army Corps, 
commanded by that gray-headed old hero (noted 
for his choice (?) English), General A. J. Smith, 
came up and took position at the right of our 
corps. General Stedman, that did such good 



206 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

work with the reserve corps at Chickamauga > 
commanded a division of colored troops on the 
extreme left, while more artillery than was ever 
before made ready for battle, was being put into 
position. There were grave apprehensions that 
Hood would cross the river and move into 
Kentucky, as Bragg had done in 1862. The 
government at Washington became alarmed, 
and sent General John A. Logan to relieve 
General Thomas. It did seem that the General 
was terribly slow, but he was preparing to give 
the rebel army such a crushing blow that when 
he did strike no second blow would be neces- 
sary. General Logan came as far as Louisville, 
and learning how General Thomas was situated 
and what he was doing, refused to supersede 
him though he had the orders in his pocket to 
that effect. IVas there a regular officer in the 
union service that would have been that mag- 
nanimous f 

The morning of the fifteenth of December 
opened with everything about our lines and 
camps veiled in an impenetrable fog. One 
could not see a man ten feet away. Under the 
cover of this fog General Thomas opened a 
demonstration on the enemy's right that caused 
Hood to weaken his left to support his right. 
About ten o'clock a. m., as soon as the fog had 
lifted a little, Thomas sent the dashing Kilpat- 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 207 

rick in on Hood's extreme left, followed by a 
charge from General A. J. Smith's entire corps. 
General Smith's men simply ran over the rebels. 
When the rebel left had been badly shattered by 
the charge made by Smith, and when the firing 
showed the rebel line was crumbling, the 4th 
Corps in the center was ordered in, and away 
we all went across an open field toward the 
rebel works. The rebels in our front occupied a 
strong position behind a stone wall that they 
had materially strengthened, but seemed to be 
dazed by the impetuosity of the charge on the 
left and center, and hardly fired a shot. I think 
in this charge our brigade captured more of the 
enemy than we had men in line. When we 
passed the stone wall there was not an armed 
rebel in front of us that we could discover. The 
firing was over along the entire length of the line, 
and some of us thought that we had taken all the 
rebels there were out there. I am of the opinion 
of all the artillery firing we ever experienced, that 
of the battle of Nashville was the most intense. 
When the cavalry commenced the charge' on 
the right, every gun in Fort Negley commenced 
firing, as well as all the other forts and all the 
field and reserve artillery about Nashville. Of 
all the pandemonian scenes we ever witnessed, 
this was the climax. The firing was so intense 
and ceaseless that not an individual gun could 



208 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

be distinguished, but there was one dreadful 
roar of shot and shell, and all along the rebel 
lines and beyond, the bursting missiles filled 
the air with clouds of smoke. I do not believe 
its equal was ever before witnessed on the 
American continent, if in the world. 

We pushed on to the front and found no 
enemy, and for some unexplained reason did 
nothing more that day. If we had advanced in 
line of battle immediately after the charge in the 
morning, I am firmly in the belief that there 
would have been no second day's battle. On 
the second day we moved to the front early in 
the morning, and found that the enemy had 
gathered his scattered ranks, and had taken and 
fortified a position, his line running across the 
Franklin pike. Our regiment was at the left of 
the pike in an open wood. Our regiment was 
also at the left of the brigade, and joined the 
right of Stedman's division of colored troops. 
Colonel Post, by reason of seniority of rank, had 
command of our brigade, and had been in com- 
mand since the 89th 111. had been added to us 
at Atlanta. It seemed the same tactics were 
resorted to the second day as the first, and at 
four o'clock p. m. we could distinctly hear 
Smith's infantry hammering away directly in 
the rear of the rebel line. All the afternoon 
Colonel Post had been soliciting General Wood 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 209 

to order our brigade to charge the rebel position 
on the Franklin pike, but could not obtain the 
consent of the old general, as he (Wood) said 
the charge would result in driving the rebels 
away, while by waiting we could get all of them 
without any trouble or loss. This was great big 
sense, and there was not an officer or man in the 
brigade, save Colonel Post, that did not realize 
the fact. But our brigade commander was anx- 
ious for a star, and as old Tommy became more 
spiritually-minded, he consented to let the old 
second brigade charge. The rebels had good 
rifle pits, but nothing so strong as on the 
Atlanta campaign ; but near the pike they had a 
battery of field artillery, some of the guns of 
which had been disabled early in the day. At 
the order to charge we moved on in fine form 
until we came near the works, when the rebels 
opened on us with canister that momentarily 
checked our advance. The colored infantry on 
our left seemed to receive the most of the rebel 
fire, as Stedman's division was in such a position 
that as soon as they came in range they were 
enfiladed for more than three hundred yards of 
their line, and consequently they suffered much 
more severely than our brigade. I never saw 
more heroic conduct shown on the field of bat- 
tle than was exhibited by this body of men so 
recently slaves. I saw a color-bearer of one of 

14 



210 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

these regiments stand on the top of the rebel par- 
apet and shake the flag he bore in the faces of the 
confederate infantry until he fell, riddled with 
bullets. Soon after this, owing to a slight acci- 
dent of war, your humble servant was compelled 
to go to the rear. But I remember (while lying 
on a stretcher) I heard the shout of the old reg- 
iment (that I could tell as I could my mother's 
voice), as they carried the rebel works. 

What I know about the remainder of the battle 
of Nashville, and the pursuit of Hood, you of 
the old regiment and brigade know better than 
I. The rebel infantry ran away, just as old 
Tommy had said they would. This charge was 
a terribly severe and useless mistake. We had 
two brave young officers, Payne* and Dempsey, 
killed, and many noble men killed and wounded. 
And all for what? To gratify the ambition of 
an officer that desired promotion. "What is 
ambition? 'Tis a glorious cheat." 

Colonel Post was badly punished for this 
foolish and needless charge he had gotten us 
into. He received a canister shot through his 
right thigh that nearly cost him his life, and in 
addition to that suffering he was elected to 
Congress from one of the districts of Illinois. 

Hood's army was completely destroyed. 
When the second day of the battle of Nashville 

*An own cousin of our colonel. 




LIEUTENANT SAMUEL B. PAYNE. 
Killed at Uu bnttU of NashvilU Dec. 16th, 186 



.PUBLIC UBR^Y 



3t OR.^NOXAND 



IT1LDEN 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 211 

was over, Hood had not a single infantry reg- 
iment in organization. Forrest's cavalry was all 
the soldiers on which he could rely. He lost 
every piece of artillery, every wagon. Many of 
his men were recruited in Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky, and after the battle was over they threw 
away their arms and accouterments and went to 
their homes, never to enter the service again. 
The war in the west was substantially over. Our 
regiment never fired another shot after the 
charge on Overton Heights. They did some 
marching and quite a considerable traveling, 
going as far on one occasion as Warm Springs, 
N. Car. But their fighting service was over, and 
I believe we never lost a man after Nashville. 
Corporal Hood, of the confederate army, was 
never heard from again, and between Nashville 
and Atlanta there were not troops enough wear- 
ing the gray to hinder General Thomas' army 
for one hour. 

While the campaign from Atlanta to Nash- 
ville closed with the battle, before ending this 
very imperfect sketch suffer me to refer to the 
last scene at Nashville. The spring of 1865 had 
come. The long bloody, cruel war was over. 
The wounds had healed. We were in camp in 
the vicinity of Nashville, knowing we would 
soon be discharged and go to our own loved 
Ohio. A grand review of all the troops about 



212 Campaigns of the 124th Regiment, 

Nashville was ordered. It was to be the last 
good-bye of "Old Pap Thomas" to the brave 
men he had led so long. Never before was 
such preparation made for a review. Every 
piece of leather, every piece of brass and steel, 
was burnished as bright as time could make it. 
Never saw I the old regiment turn out in such 
fine shape. All the remnants of the old bands 
we had were revived, as far as possible. New 
sheepskin was in great demand. I cannot now 
tell whether the wheezy old band that General 
Hazen had at Manchester was in existence at 
that time, or whether it had been sacrificed for 
the good of the service and given harps, as it 
should have been, long before. The column for 
review was formed in divisions of regiments, that 
is, two companies to the division. General 
Thomas and staff were stationed on a gentle 
eminence, the bands playing, the old tattered 
colors flying, and as each regiment came oppo- 
site the " Rock of Chickamauga," every hat came 
off, and such cheers went up as had not greeted 
the old general since the storming of Missionary 
Ridge. Just a little drawing about the mouth 
was all the expression one could discover in the 
iron face of the grand old Virginian. 

A few years afterward I stood by the last 
resting place of General George H. Thomas in 
the beautiful cemetery at Troy, N. Y., and while 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 213 

standing there I thought, "here lies the remains 
of a proud southerner, that 'faithful among the 
faithless stood,' that loved his native state as well 
as any, but loved his country better, and few, if 
any, in life did more to keep the flag of our Union 
waiving over a free and united country." 



124th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



THREE YEARS' SERVICE. 



THIS Regiment was organized at Camp Cleveland, O., 
from August to September, 1862, to serve three years. It 
was mustered out of service July 9, 1865, in accordance 
with orders from the War Department. 

The official list of battles in which this Regiment bore 
an honorable part is not yet published by the War De- 
partment, but the following list has been compiled after 
careful research during the preparation of this work : 

THOMPSON'S STATION, TENN., . March 4-5, 1863. 

CHICKAMAUGA, GA., September 19-20, 1863. 

LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN, TENN., . November 24, 1863. 

MISSION RIDGE, TENN., . . . November 25, 1863. 

ROCKY FACE RIDGE, GA., . . . May 5-9,1864. 

RESACA, GA., May 13-16, 1863. 

PICKETT'S MILLS, GA., .... May 27, 1S64. 

BROWN'S FERRY, TENN., . . . October 27, f% itih 

FRANKLIN, TENN., November 30, 1864. 

NASHVILLE, TENN., December 15-16, 1S64. 

(215) 



ROSTER 



OR TH E 



124th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



FIELD AND STAFF. 

Mustered in from Aug. 20, 1862, to Feb. 28, 1864, at Cleveland, O., by J. R. Paxton, Cap- 
tain 15th Infantry; Charles C. Goddard, Captain 17th Infantry; C. O. How- 
ard, Captain 18th Infantry, U. S. A., and other Mustering Officers. 
Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 
Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer 
Infantry and A. C. M. 3d Division, 
4th Army Corps. 



Names. 


Rank. 


<6 

be 
< 


Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


O 3$ 

■OS 

2 > 


Remarks. 


Oliver H. Payne 

James Pickands 

James B. Hampson.. . 

George \V. Lewis 

James W. Smith 

Dewitt C. Patterson. . 

David A. Morse 

Theodores. Bidwell 


Col. 
Lt.Col. 

Major 

...do... 

Surg. 
...do... 

As.Sur. 
do... 


23 
23 

24 

25 

SO"' 

22 
25 


Sept. 11, 1862 
Oct. 25, 1862 

Aug. 17, 1861 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 20, 1862 
Aug. 22, 1862 

Mar. 11, 1863 
April 21, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Appointed Lieut. Colonel 
Oct. 22, 1862; promoted to 
Colonel Jan. 1, 1863; re- 
signed Nov. 2, 1864. 

Promoted from Major Jan. 1, 
1863; to Colonel June 20, 
1865, but not mustered; 
mustered out with regi- 
ment July 9, 1865. 

Promoted from Captain Co. 
D, 1st Regiment 0. V. I., 
Jan. 1, 1863^ killed May 27, 
1864, in action at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Promoted from Captain Co. 
B Jan. 18, 1865; to Lieut. 
Colonel June 20, 1865, but 
not mustered; mustered 
out with regiment July 9, 
1865; lost left arm at the 
battle of Nashville Dec. 16, 
1864. 

Resigned Jan. 31,1863. 

Promoted from Asst. Surgeon 
May 4, 1863; mustered out 
with regiment July 9, 1865. 

Resigned Aug. 12, 1863. 

Mustered out with regiment 
July 9, 1865. 



(217) 



218 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 



Sherburn B. Eaton... 
Charles D. Hammer. 



Haskell F. Proctor. 



Charles E. Warren. 



Albert H. Lewis. . . 



William Treat. 



Seth D. Bowker.... 
John S. Nimmons. 



Alexander C. Caskey. 
Alfred Wilson 



William Nicholson.. 
Charles C. Leonard. 

Enos Halsey 



James Powell. 



William A. Reed. 



Rank. 



Adjt. 
..do.. 



.do.. 



.do. 



R.Q. M. 



..do. 



Chap. 

Sr.Maj. 



..do. 
..do. 



Q. M.S 
.do... 

.do. . 



Com. 
Ser. 



.do.. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Oct. 1, 1862 
Aug. 4, 1862 



July 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs 


Aug. 


22, 


1862 


3 yrs 


Dec. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs 


Aug. 


9, 


1862 


3 yrs 



Jan. 1, 1863 
Oct. 1, 1862 



Aug. 14, 1862 
Aug. 30, 1862 

Sept. 17, 1862 
Aug. 10, 1862 

Oct. 7, 1862 
Sept. 16, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 



O <D 

-a .2 
2 > 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Promoted to Captain Co. F 
May 23, 1863. 

Promoted from private Co. 
A May 23, 1863 ; to Captain 
Jan. 18, 1865, but declined 
promotion ; transferred as 
1st Lieutenant to Co. G 
Feb. 26, 1865. 

Appointed from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. G Feb. 26, 1865 ; pro- 
moted to Captain Co. A 
March 29, 1865. 

Appointed from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. K April 10, 1865; 
mustered out with regi- 
ment July 9, 1865. 

Commissioned 1st Lieuten- 
ant and appointed Regi- 
mental Quartermaster to 
date Dec. 1, 1862; resigned 
Sept. 3, 1863. See Co. I. 

Promoted to Q. M. Sergeant 

from Sergeant Co. A ; 

to 2d Lieutenant Co. A June 
13, 1863 ; appointed Regi- 
mental Quartermaster from 
1st Lieutenant Co. K Feb. 
5, 1864 ; promoted to Capt. 
Feb. 23, 1865, but declined 
promotion ; mustered out 
with regiment July 9, 1865. 

Resigned Sept. 9, 1863. 

Promoted from private Co. 
E Jan. 1, 1863; to 2d Lieu- 
tenant Co. A Nov. 1, 1863. 

Promoted from Sergeant Co. 
A May 1, 1864; to 1st Lieu- 
tenant Co. A Oct. 13, 1864. 

Promoted from private Co. 
K March 1, 1865; to 1st 
Lieut. June 12, 1865, but not 
mustered; mustered out 
with regiment July 9, 1865. 

Promoted from Corporal Co. 

H ; reduced to ranks 

Co. H April 8, 1864. 

Promoted from Corporal Co. 
A May 1, 1864 ; mustered out 
June 9, 1865, at Nashville, 
Tenn., by order of War De- 
partment. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. I June 10, 1865; mus- 
tered out with regiment 
July 9, 1865. 

Promoted from Corporal Co. 
H Dec. 1, 1862; discharged 
Sept. 25, 1863, at Louisville, 
Ky., on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. 

Promoted from private Co. 
A Oct. 1, 1863; mustered out 
June 9, 1865, at Nashville, 
Tenn., by order of War De- 
partment. 




TN WILLIAM WILSON, 






, NO X AND 

l vl ^.sVoOND^ONS| 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



219 











o qj 










Date of 


-as 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 


Entering the 


o > 


Remarks. 








Service. 






Charles C. Collins... 


Com. 
Ser. 


19 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. H June 9, 1865; mus- 
tered out with regiment 
July 9, 1865. 


Peter R. Granel 


Hos. 

St'd. 


41 


Sept. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted from private Co. 
H Nov. 19, 1862; mustered 
out with regiment July 9, 
1865. 


Eugene W. Striker... . 


Prin. 
Mus. 


18 


Aug. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted from Musician Co. 
A July 1, 1863; mustered 
out June 9, 1865, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., by order of 
War Department. 

Promoted from Musician Co. 


George Foster 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 












A July 1, 1863; mustered 












out June 9, 1865, at Nash- 












ville, Tenn., by order of 












War Department. 
Promoted from Musician Co. 


James C. White 


...do... 


37 


Nov. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 












I June 9, 1865 ; mustered out 












with regiment July 9, 1865. 


Clark A. Fish 


...do... 


19 


Feb. 28, 1864 


3 yrs. 








C June 9, 1865; mustered 












out with regiment July 9, 












1865. 



COMPANY A. 

Mustered in Sept. 12, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by J. R. Paxton, Captain 15th In- 
fantry, U. S. A. Mustered out June 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 
Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 
A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



William Wilson 
Haskell F. Proctor. 



Cleveland Van Dorn. 
Alexander C. Caskey 



George Doubleday. 
William Treat 



John S.Nimmons. 



Capt. 
..do... 



1st Lt. 
...do.. 



2d Lt. 
..do.. 



.do.. 



July 
July 


25. 
26, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


July 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


14, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


July 
Aug. 


26, 

9. 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 



Discharged Feb. 18,1865. 

Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant and Adjutant March 29, 
1865; mustered out with 
company June 9, 1865. 

Promoted to Captain Co. D 
July 27, 1864. 

Appointed Sergeant from 
Corporal March 16, 1863; 
promoted to Sergt. Major 
May 1, 1864 ; 1st Lieutenant 
Oct. 13, 1864; mustered out 
with company June 9, 1865. 

Resigned June 13, 1863. 

Appointed Sergeant from 
private Aug. 19, 1862; pro- 
moted to Q. M. Sergeant 

; to 2d Lieutenant June 

13, 1863; to 1st Lieutenant 
Co. K Sept. 3, 1863. 

Promoted from Sergt. Major 
Nov. 1, 1863; to 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. F Sept. 8, 1864. 



220 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 



John P. Lamb 

Harrison F. Henry. 



Elam A. Smith 



Eugene W. Elliott. 



William H. Selover.. 

George D.Wing 

George E. Goodrich. 
Gilbert C.Porter.... 



Oliver E. Ellsworth. 

t 

John H. Zerly 



Andrew K. Rose.. 



William Schubert. 



Eben W. Garzee. 



Charles C. Leonard. 
George F. Parsons.. . 
Edward G. Bartlett. 

George H. Foster 

George X. Miner 

Andrew Crittenden. 



Rank. 



1st Ser. 
...do... 



.do. 



.do. 



Sergt. 

..do.. 

..do.. 
..do.. 



..do.. 



.do. 



..do.. 
..do.. 

Corp. 

..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



July 30, 1862 

Aug. 6, 1862 

July 30, 1862 

Oct. 9, 1862 

July 31, 1862 

Aug. 6, 1862 

Aug. 6, 1862 

Aug. 11, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 14, 1862 

Aug. 13, 1862 

Aug. 13, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 10, 1862 

Aug. 10, 1862 

Aug. 6, 1862 

Aug. 6, 1862 

Sept. 5, 1862 

Aug. 7, 1862 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
Co. C May 19, 1863. 

Mustered as Corporal; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

killed Sept. 19, 1863, in bat- 
tle of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

killed Mav 27, 1864, in ac- 
tion at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 

Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1,1862; appointed Corporal 
Dec. 20, 1862; Sergeant Nov. 
5, 1863; 1st Sergeant Aug. 1, 
1864; mustered out with 
company June 9, 1865. 

Died Sept! 25, 1863, at Chicka- 
mauga Hospital, of wounds 
received in battle at same 
place. 

Died Oct. 1, 1863, at Chicka- 
mauga, Ga., of wounds re- 
ceived in action. 

Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps Nov. 21, 1864. 

Discharged May 28, 1865, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn.. by or- 
der of War Department. 

Appointed Corporal Aug. 10, 
1863; Sergeant May 1, 1864; 
mustered out with com- 
pany June 9, 1865. 

Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1, 1862; appointed Corporal 
March 16. 1863; Sergeant 
March 1, 1864 ; mustered out 
with company June 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal Mav 1. 
1864; Sergeant Aug. 1,1864; 
mustered out with com- 
pany June 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal March 1, 
1864 ; Sergeant June 3, 1865; 
mustered out with com- 
pany June 9, 1865. 

Died Nov. 12, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of wounds 
received in action. 

Promoted to Q. M. Sergeant 
Mav 1.1864. 

Killed May 27, 1864, in action 
at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 

Died Aug. 5, 1864, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., of wounds re- 
ceived in action. 

Discharged Dec. 18, 1863, at 
Madison, Ind., for wounds 
received in action. 

Discharged Jan. 19, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., for wounds 
received in action. 

Appointed March 1, 1864 ; cap- 
tured Jan. 19, 1865, in ac- 
tion. No further record 
found. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



221 







6 


Date of 


O 3) 




Names. 


Rank. 


sc 


Entering the 


o > 


Remarks. 






<) 


Service. 


£ » 
&<*> 




John E. Duncan 


Corp. 


18 


July 


27, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed May 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Zara Ellsworth 


do... 


23 


July 


30, 1862 


3yrs. 


Appointed Aug. 1, 1864 : mus- 










tered out with company 














June 9, 1865. 


Adrian C. Stone 


do... 


18 


.Aug. 


10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Aug. 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 






















June 9, 1865. 


Gotlieb Reuss 


.do... 


20 


Aug. 


11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed April 1,1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Franklin Fuller 


do... 


19 


July 


31, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed April 1,1865; mus- 
tered out with company 






















June 9, 1865. 


Thomas Hammond.. . 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 3, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


George Foster 


Mus. 


18 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Principal Musi- 
cian July 1, 1863. 


Eugene W. Striker — 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Principal Musi- 
cian July 1, 1863. 


George H. Gates 


Wag. 


27 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 28, 1863, at 
Manchester, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Appointed ; mustered out 

with company June 9, 1865. 


John Lovejoy 


do... 


21 


Aug. 


15, 1862 


3 yrs. 










Ames, Samuel H 


Priv. 


31 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 


Austin, Charles E — 


...do... 


24 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


June 9, 1S65. 
DischargUl June 1, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Austin, Orlando 


do... 


27 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 9, 1863, at 










Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 














geon's certificate of disa- 














bility. 


Barberic , William 


...do... 


38 


Oct. 


30, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 2, 1864. 


Bartlett, Frederick J. 


...do... 


30 


Aug. 


30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged to accept promo- 
tion in 27th Regiment, U. 
S. Colored Troops, from 
which mustered out Sept. 
21,1865, as Captain. 


Bartlett, John H 


do. 


22 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died March 10, 1863, at Frank- 










lin, Tenn. 


Bates, Samuel 


do.. 


17 


Nov. 


14, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D June 8, 






1865. 


Beck, Michael 


do... 


34 


Nov. 


18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D June 8, 














1865. 


Beckwith, Franklin 


do... 


18 


Jan. 


20, 1864 


3 yrs. 




Brainard, Edward. . .. 


...do... 


28 


Aug. 


14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 12, 1864, at 

Cleveland, O. 
Transferred to 151st Co., 2d 


Brainard, Sanford R.. 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 


5, 1862 


3 yrs. 














Battalion, Veteran Reserve 














Corps ; mustered out June 














30, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn. 


Brown, George W 


do... 


20 


Aug. 


11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. H, 5th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps ; mustered out July 5, 
1865, at Indianapolis, Ind., 
by order of War Depart- 
ment. 



222 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







Q 


Date of 






Names. 


Rank. 


be 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






■^ 


Service. 


a 3 




Bryan, William 


Priv. 


30 


Aug. 4, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded Sept. 19, 1863, in 
battle of Chickamauga, 
Ga. ; discharged June 8, 
1865, on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. 


Carpenter, Samuel. . . 


...do... 


18 


Feb. 15, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 29, 1864, at 
Cleveland, O., for wounds 
received in action. 


Church, Orlando H.. . 


...do... 


24 


Aug'. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 9, 1863, at 
Madison, Ind., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Clague, William 


...do... 


24 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I, lstReg- 
iment, U. S. Veteran Vol- 






















unteer Engineers ; mus- 












tered out June 27, 1865, at 












Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Cornwall, Willis 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 15, 1864, in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 


Cowley, Thomas 


do... 


20 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. 1, 1st Reg- 
iment, U. S. Veteran Vol- 
unteer Engineers, Aug. 15, 
1S64 ; mustered out June 27, 
1865, at Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Duncan, George J 


...do... 


21 


July 27, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 13, 1863. 


Durian, John C 


do... 


21 


Aug. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 3, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky. 








Empson, William 


do... 


21 


Aug. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured Sept. 19, 1863, in 
battle of Chickamauga, 
Ga. ; paroled May 22, 1865; 
mustered out June 23, 1865, 
at Camp Chase, O., by or- 
der of War Department. 

Transferred to Co. D June 8, 


Ex, Nicholas 


do... 


40 


Nov. 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 












1865. 


Finney, William 0... . 


...do... 


18 


Nov. 14, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Feb. 1, 1864, at Clinton 
Cross Roads, Tenn. 


Foote,Edwin 


do... 


27 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 












serve Corps Feb. 20, 1864. 


Fritz, Jacob 


...do... 


21 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died July 18, 1864, of wounds 
received near Resaca, Ga. 


Gates, Edwin N 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 3, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded Sept. 19, 1863, in 
battle of Chickamauga, 
Ga. ; mustered out June 12, 
1865, at Columbus, O., by 
order of War Department. 


Gibbs, Charles 


do... 


23 


Aug. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded Sept. 19, 1863, in 












battle of Chickamauga, 












Ga. ; transferred to 120th 












Co., 2d Battalion, Veteran 












Reserve Corps, March 2, 
1864; mustered out June 29, 






















1865, at Evansville, Ind., by 












order of War Department. 


Gifford, Thomas S 


...do... 


24 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 27, 1864, in action 
at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 


Gould, Isaac H 


do... 


29 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 










Gould, John W 


...do... 


23 


Aug. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Sept. 12, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 


Graves, Lewis 


do... 


24 


July 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Green, Herbert T 


...do.. 


20 


Aug. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9. 1865. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



223 



Names. 



Hall, Chauncy D. 



Hamlin, Job. 



Hammer, Charles D. 



Hardy, Isaac 

Haskins, Lyman. 
Herr, Benjamin 
Herr. Daniel 



Herr, David Z 

Hodgeman, David P. 



Hodgeman, John. . 
Holden, Elisha M. 

Hudden, William . 
Hudson, Richard.. 
Jewett, William. . . 
Kenfield, Henry. . . 
Kent, Edwin A 



King, Franklin. 
Kyser, Peter 



Larwin, Robert. . . 
Lingle, Christian. 



Litchfield, John. . 
Losey, William F. 



Rank. 



Priv. 



.do.. 



..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 



.do. 
.do. 

.do. 
.do. 

.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



31 



Date of 

Entering the 
Service. 


O 0J 

(2 W 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 4, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 6, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Dec. 28, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 6, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Nov. 13, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Nov. 9, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Nov. 22, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 23, 1863 
Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Nov. 17, 1863 
Aug. 3, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


July 27, 1862 


3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Discharged Aug. 10, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Transferred to Co. C, 12th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Nov. 21, 1864; mus- 
tered out June 28, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, by or- 
der of War Department. 

Mustered as Sergeant; re- 
duced to ranks Nov. — , 
1862 ; promoted to 1st Lieut, 
and Adjutant May 23, 1863. 

Discharged May 18, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., for wounds 
received in action. 

Died Jan. 14, 1864, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Died Aug. 12, 1864, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Transferred to Co. G, 7th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, : mustered out 

June 28, 1865, at Washing- 
ton, D. C, by order of War 
Department. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9. 1S65. 

Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1, 1862; died March 17, 1863, 
at Nashville, Tenn. 

Mustered out with companv 
June 9, 1865. 

Wounded May 15, 1864, in bat- 
tle of Resaca, Ga. ; mus- 
tered out May 15, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky., by order of 
War Department. 

Transferred to Co. D June 8. 
1865. 

Transferred to Co. D June 8, 
1865. 

Transferred to Co. D June 8, 
1865. 

Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Discharged April 11, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Mustered out May 11, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 

Killed Nov. 25, 1863, in battle 
of Mission Ridge, Tenn. 

Captured Sept. 19, 1863, in bat- 
tle of Chickamauga, Ga., 
mustered out June 16, 1865, 
at Camp Chase, O., by or- 
der of War Department. 



224 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







<D 


Date of 


O © 

•e.2 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 
< 


Entering the 


«> 


Remarks. 






Service, 






McGarvey, Robert — 


Priv. 


43 


Jan. 10, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Camp Dennisoii, O., by or- 
der of War Department. 


McGirk, John 


do... 


36 


Nov. 13, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D June 8, 






1865. 


Maskall, Thomas 


do... 


42 


Nov. 9, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died June 27, 1864, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Mathews, Isaac 


do.. 


23 


Nov. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 17, 1865, at 






Nashville, Tenn., by order 












of War Department. 


Meheo, Edward 


do.. 


40 


Nov. 4, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 27, 1864, in action 












at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 


Murry, Michael 


do... 


17 


Nov. 9. 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




O'Brien, Andrew 


...do... 


18 


Nov. 18, 1863 


Killed May 27, 1864, in action 












at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 


Offolderf , Durs 


do... 


42 


Nov. 17, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D June 8, 






1865. 


Page, Edwin S 


.do... 


17 


Nov. 17, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to 155th Co., 2d 
Battalion, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Oct. 7, 1864; mus- 
tered out Aug. 1, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn. 


Quayle, Samuel H 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 6, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 


Reed, William A 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Com. Sergeant 
Oct. 1, 1863. 


Russell, Wilbur F. ... 


...do... 


25 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died March 17, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Schneerer, Henry 


...do... 


22 


Aug. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured Sept. 19, 1863, at bat- 
tle of Chickamauga, Ga.; 






















mustered out June 16, 1865, 












at Camp Dennison, 0., by 












order of War Department. 


Segmire, Jacob 


do... 


19 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F ; 






died July 31, 1863, at Man- 












chester, Tenn. 


Selover, Theodore A.. 


...do... 


18 


July 27. 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Feb. 10, 1863, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 
War Department. 


Shepard, Elvert M . . . 


...do... 


25 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. C, 17th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, ; mustered out 

June 30, 1865, at Indianapo- 
lis, Ind., by order of War 
Department. 

Transferred to Veteran Re- 


Shepard, Ralph H... 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 












serve Corps . 


Shutliff, Gordon 


...do... 


30 


Sept. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1, 1862; mustered out with 
companv June 9, 1865. 


Sipe, Adam 


do... 


25 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 








Smith, Osias C 


do... 


19 


Aug. 11, 1862 
Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 15, 1863. 
Mustered out with company 


Stevenson, Thomas . . 


...do... 


28 












June 9, 1865. 


Swarts, Gottlieb 


...do.. 


18 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Sweeny, Edward 


do... 


17 


Dec. 2, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Oct. 25, 1864, in Rebel 










Prison at Andersonville, 












Georgia. 


Sweeny, John 


do... 


34 


Dec. 4, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D June 8, 










1865. 




do... 


19 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Nov. 18, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 




CAPTAIN GEORGE W. LEWIS. 



iPUBLiC LIBRARY' 



NOX AND 

Itili^h foundations! 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



225 



Names. 


Rank. 


9) 
be 

< 


Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


O 0) 

■e.2 

o > 

'u, >-> 


Remarks. 


Trow, Elijah 


Priv. 
...do.. . 


21 
25 
20 
18 

18 

18 

25 

29 

18 
44 
19 
22 
21 


Aug. 12, 1862 
Aug. 11, 1862 
Aug. 11, 1862 
Aug. 3, 1862 

Aug. 14, 1862 

Nov. 19, 1863 

Aug. 13, 1862 
Oct. 29, 1862 

Aug. 6, 1862 
Aug. 10, 1862 
Aug. 4, 1862 
Aug. 6, 1862 
Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Died March 9, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Died March 4, 1864, at Knox- 




...do... 


Wallace, Henry B — 
Watkins, Lewis M — 


...do... 

do... 
...do... 


ville, Tenn. 

Prisoner of war ; ex- 
changed ; mustered out 

June 16, 1865, at Camp 
Chase, 0., by order of War 
Department. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 




...do... 


1865. 




...do... 




Wing, Adelbert L 

Wing, Stephen P 


do... 
...do... 

do... 
...do... 


1, 1862; killed May 27,1864, 
in action at Pickett's Mills, 
Georgia. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Paroled prisoner; died Jan. 
6, 1865, at Middleburg, 0. 

Died Dec. 2, 1863, at Annapo- 
lis, Md. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Died April 11, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 




...do... 







COMPANY B. 

Mustered in Sept. 16, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by J. R. Paxton, Captain 15th In- 
fantry, U. S. A. Mustered out June 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 
Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 
A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



George W. Lewis. 
William Hannon. 



John Raidaie 

John Stevens 

Charles D. Hammer. . 
Charles M. Steadman 

15 



Capt. 
..do.. 



1st Lt. 
...do... 
...do... 
2dLt. 



Aug. 


12, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 


9, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


July 


12, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


4, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


12, 


1862 


3 yrs. 



Promoted to Major Jan. 18, 
1865. 

Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. H Jan. 18, 1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Appointed Aug. 23. 1862 ; pro- 
moted to Captain Co. G 
July 27, 1864. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. H Sept. 8, 1864; to 
Capt. Co. H March 29, 1865. 

Transferred from Co. G June 
3,1865; mustered out with 
companv June 9, 1865. 

Appointed Aug. 23, 1862; pro- 
moted to 1st Lieutenant Co. 
D March 2, 1864; killed at 
Pickett's Mills, Ga.,Mav 27, 
1864. 



226 



Roster of the 124-th Regiment, 



Names. 



Cyrus C. Iuman. 



Japheth S. Sevoy.. 
Orson Yanderhoff. 



Lloyd A. Marsh 

William P. Williard. 



Elias Frenian. 



William Wheeler. 



Williard C.Starr. 



Nathan G. SutliC. 

Frank Bruce 

Moses Fuller 



Lewis Peters 



William Atkins.. . . 
Frank Ware 

Franklin Monosmith. 



Stephen Kemmery. 
Larett Spring 



Rank. 



1st Ser 



Sergt. 
..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 



.do.. 



Corp. 



.do. 



.do., 
.do., 
.do.. 

.do.. 

.do., 
.do. 

.do.. 



.do.. 



.do. 



38 



20 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Aug. 12, 1862 



Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 15, 1862 

Aug. 13, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 18, 1862 

Oct. 17, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 



Aug. 19, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Aug. 22, 1862 

Aug. 14, 1862 

Aug. 15, 1862 

Aug. 12, 1862 



Aug. 22, 1862 
Aug. 22, 1862 



£«> 



3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Appointed Corporal Sept. 16, 
1862; Sergeant Jan. 26, 1863; 
wounded Nov. — , 1863, in 
action at Mission Ridge, 
Tenn.; appointed 1st Ser- 
geant Aug. 8, 1864; mustered 
out June 9, 1865-, at Colum- 
bus, O., by order of War 
Department. 

Died July 16.1864, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 

Appointed from'privateSept. 
16, 1862 ; mustered out with 
company June 9, 1865. 

Appointed from private May 
21, 1863; mustered out with 
company June 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal Sept. 16, 
1862 ; Sergeant Aug. 8, 1864 ; 
mustered out with com- 
pany June 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal May — , 
1863; Sergeant Aug. 8, 1864; 
mustered out with com- 
pany June 9, 1865. 

Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1, 1863; appointed Corporal 

; discharged April 10, 

1863, on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. 

Transferred to Co. G, 21st 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Jan. 14, 1864; mus- 
tered out July 6, 1865, at 
Trenton, N. J., by order of 
War Department." 

Transferred to Co. K Feb. 2, 
1864. 



Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1, 1863; discharged April 28, 
1864, by order of War De- 
partment. 

Killed May 31, 1864, while on 
picket duty, near Dallas, 
Georgia. 

Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Mustered out May 30, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 

Appointed August 8, 1864; 
wounded Dec. 16, 1864, in 
battle at Nashville, Tenn.; 
mustered out May 16, 1865, 
at Cincinnati, O., by order 
of War Department. 

Appointed Jan. 27, 1864 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865; mustered as 
Stephen Kensey. 

Appointed Jan. 27, 1864 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



007 







G) 


Date of 


o> 




Names. 


Rank. 


bo 


Entering the 


.0 > 


Remarks. 






<! 


Se 


rvice. 






Simeon V. Seeley 


Corp. 


20 


Aug. 


12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Apyjointed Aug. 8, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Arthur W. Bullong. . . 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Aug. 8, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9,1865. 


John W. Weaver 


...do... 


24 


Aug. 


11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Aug. 8, 1864 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Jared F. Maynes 


Mus. 


35 


Oct. 


21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1, 1863; discharged April 12, 
1863, on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability; also 
borne on rolls as Franklin 
Main. 


Chester Perkins 


Wag. 


30 


Aug. 


18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered out 

with company June 9, 1865. 


Andreas, Israel 


Priv. 


19 


Aug. 


22, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Andreas, William. . . . 


...do... 


23 


Aug. 


12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 24, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Benton, George 


do... 


23 


Aug. 


12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Lost Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 












Bowman, Alfred 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 


20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1, 1863; mustered out with 
company June 9, 1865. 


Bowman, John M 


do... 


18 


Oct. 


20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E . 


Chapman, George O. . 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 8, 1864, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Chapman, Lucius H. . 


do... 


26 


Aug. 


15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died April 16, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Chase, George 


do... 


27 


Aug. 
Aug. 


10, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 


Colburn, Nathan K.. . 


...do... 


21 


12, 1862 


June 9, 1865. 
Discharged Sept. 14, 1863, on 














Surgeon's certificate of dis- 














ability. 


Crow, John 


do... 


23 

17 


Aug. 
Aug. 


22, 1862 
12, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Died Jan. 13,1864, at Homer.O. 


Curtice, David A 


do... 


Discharged March 10, 1863, on 














Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 
Died March 26, 1863, at Frank- 


Damon, James 


do... 


28 


Aug. 


12, 1862 


3 yrs. 










lin, Tenn. 


Daugherty, Lyman F. 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 














Dennis, John L 


do... 


29 


Aug. 


11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 














June 9, 1865. 




do... 


21 


Aug. 


13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 














June 9, 1865. 


Everett, Ambrose M.. 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 8, 1864, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of wounds 
received at Resaca, Ga. 


Flickinger, Morris, 


do... 


18 


Aug. 


22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed Nov. 25, 1863, in battle 
of Mission Ridge, Tenn. 


French, Lorenzo G 


do... 


18 


Aug. 


12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died April 14, 1863, at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 


Freyman, Ezra 


do... 


27 


Aug. 


18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 21,1863, on 














Surgeon's certificate of dis- 














ability. 


Fritz, Dexter 


do... 


24 


Aug. 


22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 5, 1864, at Dallas, 






Ga., of wounds received in 














battle at Pickett's Mills. 


Gardner, Stephen A. . 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 


18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged March 27, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 



228 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











O fl> 











Date of 


•OS 




Names. 


Rank. 


< 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






Service. 


<3 ® 


, 


Haines, David B 


Priv. 


18 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died April 5, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Haines, Elias 


do... 


19 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Feb. 25, 1864, at 






Cleveland, 0., on Surgeon's 












certificate of disability. 


Haines, Jacob 


...do... 


37 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1, 1863; discharged Aug. 6, 
1864, on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. 




do... 


18 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 29, 1863, on 












Surgeon's certificate of dis- 












ability. 


Haines, William 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Hanse, George A 


do... 


24 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 








Hendee, Nelson S 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9. 1865. 


Hull, David 


do... 


22 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal : mus- 












tered out with company 












June 9, 1865. 


Hull, Franklin 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 5, 1864, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Hunt, William H 


do... 


19 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9,1865. 


Huntington, Charles. 


...do... 


24 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 23, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Inman, Alonzo W 


...do... 


27 


Aug. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded May 27.18ti4.at Pick- 
ett's Mills, Ga.; discharg- 
ed June 15, 1865, at Camp 
Dennison, 0., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Jeffries, George C 


...do... 


25 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant ; trans- 
ferred to Co. B, lsth Regi- 
ment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Nov. 21, 1864: mus- 
tered out June — . 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, by or- 
der of War Department. 


Kemmery, William H 


...do... 


26 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865; mustered as 
William H. Kensey. 


Kinney, Russell 


do... 


22 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. F, 7th 








Regiment, Veterau Reserve 












Corps, Feb. 1, 1864; mus- 












tered out June 28, 1865, at 












Washington, D. C, by or- 












der of War Department. 


Koons, Washington.. 


...do... 


21 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 


Keyser, David A 


...do... 


26 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to 139th Co., 2d 
Battalion, Veterau Reserve 
Corps, Nov. 6. 1864; mus- 
tered out June 30, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 


Libv, Gideon 


do.. . 


23 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 14, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 


















ability. 


Long, Jacob 


do. . 


28 


Aug. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 








Lowe, Alexander B.. . 


...do... 


21 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Musician ; died 
July 13, 1863, at Nashville, 










Tennessee. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



229 



Names. 


Rank. 


6c 
< 


Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


O 0) 

•eg 

.2 > 


Remarks. 




Priv, 
...do... 


20 
20 

25 


Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 


12, 
12, 

13, 


1862 
1862 

1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 

June 9,1865. 
Discharged Nov. 30, 1863, on 




McCoy, Thomas N 


...do... 


Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Discharged Sept. 14, 1863, on 




...do... 


19 
20 

44 
28 

18 
18 

25 

19 

19 

18 


Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 
Aug. 


12, 

15, 

12, 
14, 

12, 

12. 

20, 

12, 

22, 
18, 


1862 
1862 

1862 
1862 

1862 
1862 

1862 

1862 

1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




...do... 


Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 
Died June 3, 1864, at Dallas, 




...do... 


Ga., of wounds received at 
Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 27, 
1864. 

Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 1863, in 
battle of Chickamauga, 
Ga. ; transferred to 43d Co., 
2d Battalion, Veteran Re- 
serve Corps, ; mustered 

out as Corporal Sept. 12, 
i865, at Camp Dennison.O., 
by order of War Dept. 

Mustered out with company 

June 9, 18(35. 
Mustered out with company 

June 9, 1865. 


Mills, Nathan W 


...do... 


Monosmith, Benton. . 


...do... 
...do... 


Moyer, Israel 

Oakley, Seth D 


...do... 
...do... 


Obendorf, William... . 
Palmer, William L 


.. do... 
...do... 


Columbus, O., by order of 

War Department. 
Mustered out with company 

June 9, 1865. 
Died March 8, 1863, at Nash- 




...do... 


18 
33 

20 

18 

28 

23 

18 

25 

18 
26 

37 


Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 


18, 
11, 

12, 

22, 

12, 

12, 

22, 

12, 

12, 
12. 

14, 


1862 
1862 

1862 

1862 

1862 

1862 

1862 

1862 

1862 
1862 

1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 


ville, Tenn. 
Died March '23, 1863. 


Powers, Ai Seeley — 


...do... 
...do... 


Mustered out with companv 

June 9, 1865. 
Died Julv 26, 1864, at Chatta- 




...do... 


nooga, Tenn. 
Transferred to Co. D, 8th 


Rice, Frank H 


...do... 
...do... 


Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Dec. 3, 1864. 

Mustered as Wagoner; mus- 
tered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 

Discharged May 30, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Discharged June 20, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Discharged April 12, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Shelhart, Charles 


...do... 
do... 
. ..do.. 




...do... 


Died Nov. 19, 1863, at Chatta- 


Stevenson, Richard J 


...do... 


nooga, Tenn., of wounds 
received at Chickamauga. 
Transferred to Co. I, 12th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Dec. 30, 1864; mus- 
tered out June 28, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, by or- 
der of War Department. 



230 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











O Q3 










Date of 


«.« 




Names. 


Rank. 


w> 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 








Service. 






Stone, Deloss S 


Priv. 


30 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant ; dis- 
charged May 1,1863, on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Tilly, William T 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Dec. 3, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 


Vandemark, Alex'd'r. 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1, 1863; killed Nov. 25, 1863, 
in battle of Mission Ridge, 
Tennessee. 


Vandemark, Joseph. . 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1, 1863; to Co. A, 15th Regi- 
ment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Nov. 21, 1864; mus- 
tered out June 28, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, by or- 
der of War Department. 




do... 


26 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal; killed 
May 27, 1864, in action at 
Pickett's Mills, Ga. 














...do... 


?3 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as 1st Sergeant ; 
discharged Feb. 1, 1864, on 


















Surgeon's certificate of dis- 












ability. 


Winters, William 


...do... 


27 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I, 1st. V. 
S. Veteran Volunteer En- 
gineers ; mustered out June 
27, 1865, at Chattanooga, 
Tenn., by order of War De- 
partment. 


Woodworth,WatsonM 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Jan. 27, 1804, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Young, Jackson 


...do... 


21 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
June 9, 1865. 



COMPANY C. 

Mustered in from Oct. 31 to Dec. 31, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by Charles C. Goddard, 

Captain 17th Infantry, and C. O. Howard, Captain 18th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip Reefy, 

Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 

A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



Robert Wallace 

John B. Irwin 


Capt. 
...do... 

...do... 


34 

28 

21 


Oct. 15, 1862 
Oct. 15, 1862 

Nov. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

8 yrs. 


Resigned May 22, 1863. 

Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Feb. 6, 1863; commis- 
sion returned; recommis- 
sioned to date Mav20, 1863; 
resigned Oct. 18, 1863. 






ant Co. G to date Sept. 10, 
1863; died June 24, 1864, of 
wounds received in action. 




CAPTATX ROBERT WALLACE. 



THE NEW Y 01 | 

.PUBLIC LIBRAS Ti 






Ohio Voln?iteer Infantry, 



231 



Names. 



James T. McGinnis. 



William R. Waldo. 



Samuel B.Payne... 
Samuel P. Fulton.. 



John O'Brien . 
John P. Lamb. 



John Stevens 

John K. Batcheldor. 



Dexter Lane 

Josiah M. Holt 



Erastus Nickerson.. 
Frank Roch 



Rauk. 



Capt. 



.do.. 



.do. 



2d Lt. 
..do.. 



1st Ser 
...do.. 



Sergt. 
..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 



20 



Christopher C.Oliver 
David Shaughnessy. . 
James L. Johnson 

William Redness 



.do. 



..do. 



.do. 



...do.. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Sept. 29, 1862 



Dec. 13, 1861 



June 7, 1863 
Oct. 17, 1S62 



Oct. 15, 1862 
July 30, 1862 



Aug. 18, 1862 
Sept. 25, 1862 



Sept. 27, 1862 
Sept. 30, 1862 

Oct. 13, 1862 

Aug. 22, 1862 

Sept. 30, 1862 

Oct. 16, 1862 

Jan. 21, 1863 

Oct. 15, 1862 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yr9. 


3 yrs. 



Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. F July 27, 1864 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Promoted from Sergeant Co. 
A, 128th O. V. I., Feb. 6, 
1863 ; commission returned ; 
recommissioned May 20, 
1863; commanded Co. K 

from Sept. 17, 1863, to ; 

died July 5, 1864, of wounds 
received June 13, 1864, in 
action. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. H Sept. 8, 1864; 
killed Dec. 16, 1864, iu battle 
of Nashville, Tenn. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. H Feb. 23, 1865; com- 
manded Co. I from April 11, 
1865, to June 14, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Resigned April 21, 1863. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. A May 19, 1863; to 1st 
Lieutenant May 20, 1863, 
but not mustered ; resigned 
June 20, 1863. 

Promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
Co. H May 20, 1863. 

Appointed from Sergeant Co. 
G Sept. 3, 1863 ; promoted to 
1st Lieutenant June 12, 
1865, but not mustered ; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Transferred to Veteran Re- 
servfi Corps . 

Discharged May 20, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Transferred to Co. E, 8th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Sept. 22, 1863. 

Discharged July 18, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed Sergeant — ; trans- 
ferred to Veteran Reserve 
Corps July 1,1864. 

Appointed Corporal ; Ser- 
geant Dec. 10, 1863; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed from private Sept. 
3, 1863; reduced to ranks 
Aug. 1, 1864; reappointed 
Jan. 1, 1865; mustered out 
with company July 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corp. ; Sergt. 

Feb. 1, 1865; mustered out 
with company July 9. 1865. 



232 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











oj 








q3 


Date of 


■tf.2 




Names. 


Rank. 


he 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






■^ 


Service. 


s 




Joseph Montgomery.. 


Sergt. 


18 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed from Corporal 
June 1, 1865; mustered out 
with company July 9, 1865. 


James Walch 


Corp. 


27 


Sept. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to 148th Co., 2d 
Battalion, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, April 28, 1864; mus- 
tered out Aug. 1, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 


John R.Tudor 


do... 


28 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 1, 1862, on 












Surgeon's certificate of dis- 












ability. 


John Lynch 


do... 


30 


Sept. 17, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 26, 1864, in Rebel 






Prison at Atlanta, Ga., of 












wounds received in ac- 












tion. 


Reuben L. Abby 


do... 


31 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; died Feb. 16, 












1804, at Nashville. Tenn. 


William Manning 


...do... 


40 


Oct. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Feb. 1,1805; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Edward Murphy 


do... 


19 


Sept. 27, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Feb. 1,1865; mus- 












tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


James Roche 


do... 


18 


Dec. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Feb. 1, 1865; mus- 












tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Charles Vernon 


.do... 


17 


Dec. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Feb. 1, 1865; mus- 












tered out July 4, 1865, at 












Nashville, Tenn., by order 












of War Department. 


Melvin L. Shepard 


...do... 


25 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Isaac Taylor 


...do... 


36 


Sept. 25, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Wesley I. Emmons... 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 21, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1S65; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Joseph Benson 


do... 


20 


Feb. 10, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 












tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Trace L. Barnes 


Mus. 


33 


Nov. 17, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. H Jan. 

1,1863; captured ; died 

Oct. 27, 1863, in Rebel Pris- 
on at Richmond, Va. 


Clark A Fish 


do... 


19 


Feb. 28, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Principal Musi- 






cian June 9, 1865. 


Samuel J. Brown 


do... 


33 


Sept. 30, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered 












out with company Julv 9, 












1865. 




do... 


16 


Feb. 8, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered 

out with company Julv 9, 
1865. 


John Misner 


Wag. 


35 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to 20th Co.. 2d 




Battalion, Veteran Reserve 












Corps, , from which 












transferred to NavyMav25, 












1864. 


Allen, William G 


Priv. 


33 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Anderson, John 


do... 


35 


Dec. 7, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 3, 1864, at Nash- 






ville, Tenn. 


Andrews, George W. . 


...do... 


18 


Feb. 26, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




CAPTAIN JAMES T. McGIXNIS. 










1-tVbD^ 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



233 



Names. 



Ault, Thomas C. 



Best, Hugh 

Brown, George W. 



Brown, Hugh 

Buckmaster, Marion.. 

Bushon, Orange C — 

Casey, John 

Cole, James D 



Cole,Johu D. 



Conners, William. . . . 
Craddock, Prestwood 
Culliton, James 



dishing, William W. 
Davis, John 



Dodson, John A. 



Ducey , Michael 

Ellemwood, Andrew.. 
Engleson, Henry L. . . 



Fallen, Owen 

Farnesworth, Ci villi- 

an O 

Ferguson, Samuel. . . . 

Fisher, John C 

Fisk, Alfred 

Fitch, Loren 



Flanigan, John. .. 
Flynn, Andrew. . . 
Forsyth, James W, 

Fox, George 

Fritz, John 



Rank. 



Priv. 



.do. 
.do. 



. .do. 
..do. 

..do. 

..do. 

..do. 



.do. 



..do. 
..do. 
..do. 



..do. 
..do. 



.do. 

.do. 
.do. 
.do. 

.do. 



..do. 
..do. 

..do. 
..do. 
..do. 



.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Sept. 30, 18G2 



Oct. 15 
Dec. 15 

Sept. 30 
Nov. 10 

Feb. 13 

Dec. 11 

Dec. 22 

Dec. 22 



Sept. 
Sept. 
Oct. 



Sept. 

Nov. 

Nov. 

Jan. 
Aug. 
Jan. 



Sept. 10 



Oct. 29 
Feb. 2 

Sept. 23 
Dec. 15 
Sept. 30 



Oct. 18 
Oct. 22 
Oct. 18 
Sept. 30 

Oct. 13 



1802 
1802 



1862 
1864 
1862 
1862 

1863 



1862 
1862 
1862 



1862 

1862 

1863 

1864 
1862 
1864 

1862 



1862 
1864 

1862 
1863 
1862 



1862 
1862 
1862 
1862 
1862 



O a) 

.2 > 



3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3yra. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Discharged June 10, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 

Transferred from Co. G Jan. 

1,1863. 
Killed May 27, 1864, in action 

at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 
Killed Nov. 25, 1863, in battle 

of Missionary Ridge, Tenn. 
Discharged Feb. 7, 1863, on 

Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 
Discharged March 3, 1865, at 

Cleveland, O., for wounds 

received in action. 



Discharged Jan. 19, 1864, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 
Co. G, 125th O. V. I., Nov. 
12, 1862. 

Mustered out May 30, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 
War Department. 

Discharged May 16, 1865, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Killed May 27, 1864, in action 
at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 

Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 
L863. 

Mustered out May 13, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 

Transferred to Co. G Jan.l, 
1863. 



Died May 31, 1864, at Jeffer- 
sonville, Ind. 



Mustered as Corporal ; trans- 
ferred to Veteran Reserve 
Corps . 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 



Died Nov. 25, 1862, at Cleve- 
land,©. 

Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 

Died Not. 28, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of wounds 
received Nov. — , 1863, in 
action near same place. 



234 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 



Fuller, Lumau. 



Gallagher, Thomas . . 
Gardner, Thomas B. 



Gillison, Allison S.. 



Goode, Frederick. 

Green, Luke 

Groochee, Joseph. 



Rank. 



Halterman, Matthias 

Harrington, Edward. 

Hasson, John 

Hicks, Egbert 



Hopwood, John. 



Hunt, Samuel 



lies, John 

Isbel, Frederick. 
Jago, Alfred L. . . 



Jennings, John H. 
Jewett, Edward E. 



Johnson, Thomas. 



Jones, Edward E. 
Joyce, John 



Joyce, Patrick. 



Kanala, Thomas. 
Kidney, Nathan 



Priv. 



.do., 
.do.. 



..do. 



.do., 
.do., 
.do.. 



.do.. 

.do., 
.do., 
.do.. 

.do.. 



.do. 



.do., 
.do., 
.do.. 

.do., 
.do.. 



.do. 



.do... 
.do... 



.do.. 



.do. 
.do. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



© © 

5 > 



IS Dec. 17, 1863 3 yrs 



18 



Dec. 29, 1862 
Jan. 8, 1863 



Oct. 8, 1862 



Feb. 20, 1864 
Jan. 4, 1864 
Nov. 9, 1862 

Oct. 8, 1862 

Sept. 29, 1862 
Oct. 8, 1862 
Dec. 21, 1863 

Oct. 17, 1862 
Sept. 30, 1862 



Sept. 30, 1862 
Oct. 8, 1862 
Sept. 30, 1862 

Sept. 30, 1862 
Oct. 28, 1862 



Sept. 17. 1862 

Nov. 25, 1862 
Dec. 3, 1863 

Dec. 3, 1863 



Oct. 8, 1862 
Sept. 30, 1862 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 vrs. 
3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 

3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Wounded May 15, 1864, in bat- 
tle of Resaca, Ga.; mus- 
tered out July 10, 1805, at 
Louisville, Ky., by order of 
War Department. 

Discharged Feb. 6, 1864, at 
Columbus, O., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 

Transferred to 165th Co., 2d 
Battalion, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, ; mustered out 

July 29, 1865, at Nashville, 
Tenn., by order of War De- 
partment. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Transferred from Co. C Jan. 
1, 1863, to Veteran Reserve 
Corps . 

Died Dec. 26, 1862, at Cleve- 
land, O. 

Mustered as Musician. 

Died Nov. 22, 1864, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Died Aug. 7, 1864, at Nash- 
ville. Tenn., of wounds re- 
ceived in action. 

Transferred to Co. H, 16th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, ; mustered out 

July 5, 1865. at Harrisburg, 
Pa., by order of War De- 
partment. 



Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 

Discharged March 10, 1864. on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 

Discharged Nov. 22, 1862, by 
civil authoritv. 

Transferred to" Co. F, 15th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, ; mustered out 

Aug. 1, 1865, at Cairo, 111., 
by order of War Depart- 
ment. 

Died Feb. 28, 1864, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Wounded , in action; 

mustered out May 24, 1865, 
at Louisville, Ky., "by order 
of War Department. 

Discharged March 25, 1863, at 
Quiney, 111., on Surgeon'f 
certificate of disabilitv. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



235 







o 


Date of 


o a> 




Names. 


Rank. 


< 


Entering the 


o ^ 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Lee, Richard 


Priv. 


25 


Oct. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 












July 9. 1865. 


Linder, Edward 


do... 


26 


Jan. 6, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Wounded ; discharged 






July 19, 1865, at Cleveland, 












0.,'on Surgeon's certificate 












of disability ; also borne on 












rolls as Edward Sinder. 


Linge, George 


do... 


42 


Jan. 27, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 24, 1865, at 






Louisville, Ky., by order of 












War Department. 


Lowrie, William A... . 


...do... 


18 


Feb. 22, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out April 15, 1865, 
by order of War Dept. 




do... 


44 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Die'd May 10, 1864, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


McCort, James 


do... 


27 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 29, 1864, at Nash- 






ville, Tenn., of wounds re- 












ceived in action. 


McDonald, James. . . . 


...do... 


27 


Sept. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured Sept. 19, 1863, at 
battle of Chickamauga,Ga. ; 
exchanged May 3, 1865 : mus- 
tered out July 8, 1865, at 
Camp Chase, O., by order 
of War Department. 


McGuckin, Hugh 


do... 


27 


Sept. 16,* 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; dis- 








charged April 17, 1865, at 












Camp Dennison, O., for 












wounds received in action. 


Mcintosh, James 


...do... 


22 


Dec. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Nov. 20, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 


McWilliams, John 


...do... 


33 


Jan. 12, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 17, 1864, at 
Camp Dennison, O., on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Madison, James 


do... 


24 
33 


Dec. 11, 1863 
Dec. 3, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Mahoney, Timothy. . . 


...do... 


Mustered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Mallo, George 


do... 


25 


Oct. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal. 


Matthews, Henry 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 


Money, Jacoh 


do... 


32 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 












serve Corps . 


Mosier, John M 


do... 


26 


Jan. 4, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 






July 9, 1865. 


Murphy, Patrick 


do... 


30 


May 17, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Captured ; died April 14, 

1865, in Rebel Prison at An- 
derson ville, Ga. 


Myron, John 


do... 


40 


Nov. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 






1, 1863. 


Newnham, Charles 


do... 


24 


Nov. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded ; mustered out 

June 5, 1865, at Nashville, 
Tenn., by order of War De- 
partment. 


Obenour, Frederick. . 


...do... 


26 


Oct. 23, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Parker, Charles A 


...do... 


41 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 28, 1865, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department. 


Patton, John R 


do... 


20 

27 


Dec. 30, 1862 
Oct. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Peake, George 


...do... 




Preston, Martin L ,. . . 


do... 


37 


Oct. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged , on Surgeon's 

certificate of disability. 


Putt, Richard 


do... 


18 


Sept. 26, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded ; discharged 






May 27, 1865, at Columbus, 












O., on Surgeon's certificate 












of disability. 



236 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







0} 


Date of 


Oli 




Names. 


Rank. 


sc 


Entering the 


o> 


Remarks. 






< 


Service. 






Quigley, William 


Priv. 


18 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured Jan. 19. 1864, in ac- 
tion near Dandridge,Tenn. ; 
exchanged Dec. 1, 1864; 
mustered out May 29, 1865, 
at Columbus, O., by order 
of War Department. 


Quinn, Arthur 


...do... 


44 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Feb. 5, 1863, on board 
transport at Dover, Tenn. 


Rav, John 


do... 


25 


Aug. 1, 


1m;:; 


3 yrs. 


Killed Dec. 16, 1864, in battle 






of Nashville, Tenn. 


Rayon, William 


...do... 


33 


Oct. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as William Rager; 
discharged April 10, 1863, 
on Surgeon's certificate of 

disability. 


Reiger, George 


do... 


31 


Aug. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 


Ritter, Reuben 


...do... 


32 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


1863. 

Discharged ,on Surgeon's 

certificate of disability. 


Roden, Peter 


.do... 


44 


Oct. 23, 


1802 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Peter Rodam; 
discharged April 29, 1865, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Rogers, George 


...do... 


30 


Sept. 27, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Rood, Rilev L 


do... 


30 


Feb. 30, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 






July 9, 1865. 


Ryde, Jacob 


...do... 


35 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 

July 9, 1865. 
Mustered out with companv 


Sexton, Amos C 


...do... 


42 


Oct, 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 














July 9, 1865. 


Shanlev, William 


do... 


28 


Jan. 14, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 


Sheltz, John Marion.. 


...do... 


21 


Nov. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1,1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Shepard, John 


do... 


20 
27 


Oct, 9, 
Aug. 20, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Sherman. Joseph 


...do... 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 














1863. 


Slack, Henrv 


.do... 


21 


Mar. 1, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 8, 1864, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Smith. James 


do... 


21 
19 


Oct. 1, 
Sept. 27, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Smith. Martin 


do... 


Mustered out with company 


Smith. William 


do... 


30 
32 


Oct. 12, 
Sept. 30, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


July 9, 1865. 


Spooner. Henrv B . 


.do... 


Rejected Oct. 31, 1862, by Ex- 














amining Surgeon. 


Stillson, Franklin. . . . 


...do... 


26 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 16, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Stvre, Charles E 


.do... 


18 


Dec. 26, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865; also borne on 
rolls as Charles Styne. 


Thompson, James 


.do... 


29 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 vrs. 




Tice. John 


do... 


19 
24 


Dec. 11, 
Sept. 29, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Todd, George 


do... 


Transferred to 4th Regiment, 
D. S. Cavalry, Nov. 25, 1862. 










Waltz, Frank 


do... 


23 


Aug. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 






1863. 


Walworth, Wallace. . . 


...do... 


20 


Dec. 30, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 28. 1865, by 
order of War Department. 


Welsh, Patrick 


do... 


18 


Nov. 10, 


1S62 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 






1. 1863; mustered out May 














30, 1865, at Cleveland, O., 














by order of War Depart- 














ment. 




CAPTAIN GEORGE II'. AUMEND. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 



AND 

• noNs 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



237 



Names. 


Rank. 


6 
< 


Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


O <Q 

o > 


Remarks. 


Westerman, Jacob — 
Wilde, Robert K 


Priv. 
...do... 
...do... 


24 
32 
40 


Aug. 20, 1862 
Sept. 30, 1802 
Nov. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 

1863. 
Mustered out with company 

Julv 9, 1865. 
Died Dec. 10, 1863, of wounds 






received in battle of Chick- 


Young, Marshall D 


do... 


25 


Nov. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


amauga, Ga. 
Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1, 1863; discharged Jan. 12, 
1863, on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. 



COMPANY D. 

Mustered in Oct. 30, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by Charles C. Goddard, Captain 17th 

Infantry, U. S. A. Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 

Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 

A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



George W.Aumend.. 
Cleveland Van Dorn.. 

William C. Travis. . . . 
Hiram H. Manning.. . 



Charles M.Stedman. 



George Daum . 



Terence A. Dempsey 



Frank W. Smith. 



Henry Daniels. 



Capt. 
..do... 

1st Lt. 
..do... 



.do.. 



.do. 



2d Lt. 



1st Ser. 



.do. 



3S 



25 



20 



Aug. 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


July 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Dec. 


2, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


12, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept 


19, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Jan. 


4, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 



Appointed Oct. 26, 1862; died 
May— ,1864,at Plymouth, O. 

Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. A July 27, 1864 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed Oct. 26, 1862; dis- 
charged March 22, 1863. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant March 22, 1863; to Cap- 
tain Co. K Nov. 10, 1863. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. B March 2, 1864; 
killed May 27, 1864, in ac- 
tion at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 

Mustered as Sergeant; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
Nov. 12, 1863; to 1st Lieu- 
tenant Sept. 8, 1864 ; to Cap- 
tain July 5, 1865, but not 
mustered; mustered out 
with company July 9, 1865. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. H May 22, 1863; to 1st 
Lieutenant Co. E March 2, 
1864. 

Appointed Corporal ; 1st 

Sergeant May 1, 1864; cap- 
tured May 27, 1864, in action 
at Pickett's Mills,Ga. ; mus- 
tered out June 7, 1865, at 
Camp Chase, O., by order 
of War Department. 

Appointed Sergeant May 1, 
1864 ; 1st Sergeant June 28, 
1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 



238 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 




















a! 


Date of 


-0.2 




Names. 


Rank. 


< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Isaac L. Stout 


Sergt. 


25 


Aug. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died May 9, 1863, at Franklin, 
Tenn. 


Joshua Norcross 


do... 


36 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 18, 1863, at 








Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 












geon's certificate of disa- 












bility. 


William Dauson 


do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died March 10, 1864, at Frank- 










lin, Tenn. 


Philip Wolf 


do... 


21 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E, 5th 








Regiment, Veteran Reserve 












Corps, ; mustered out 












July 5, 1865, at Indianapo- 












lis, Ind., by order of War 












Department. 


Isaac T. Slough 


do... 


21 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant ; mus- 








tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


John T. Bercan 


do... 


23 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal Jan. 20, 
1863; Sergeant March 20, 


















1864; mustered out with 












companv July 9, 1865. 


Isaiah Bales 


do... 


23 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed March 20, 1864; 
mustered out with com- 
















pany July 9, 1865. 


Frank Carr 


.do.. . 


18 


Aug. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; 

appointed Sergeant Jan. 28, 


















1865; awarded medal of 












honor by Secretarv of War, 












Feb. 22, 1865, for bravery in 












battle of Nashville, Teim., 












Dec. 16, 1864; mustered out 












with company July 9, 1865. 


James O. Hutchinson 


Corp. 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died April 8, 1864, at Knox- 
ville, Tenn. 


Matthew Moarn 


do... 


20 


Oct. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 16, 1865, at 






Camp Chase, O., by order 












of War Department. 


George Derr 


do... 


22 


Aug. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed April 1, 1863; mus- 
tered out with company 


















July 9, 1865. 


Frank Neff 


do... 


19 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 










1, 1863; appointed May 26, 












1863; mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 


Mark F. Bercan 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed April 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Fredrich Gindling... . 


...do..: 


22 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Jan. 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Edward Wilhelm 


do... 


22 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Jan. 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Joseph Steward 


do. . 


20 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 vrs. 


Appointed Jan. 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 






















July 9, 1865. 


Hiram H. Bowman. . . 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Jan. 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


John G. Louby 


do. 


22 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Nov. 1, 1862; re- 
duced at his own request 




















; reappointed June 28, 












1865; mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



239 







0) 


Date of 


-a 2 




Names. 


Rank. 


to 


Entering the 


-2 > 


Remarks. 






<! 


Service. 






William L. Duncan.. . 


Mus. 


40 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Jan. 15, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Joseph P. Robinson. . 


Wag. 


42 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 15, 1864, at 
Pulaski, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Anderson, 


Priv. 






3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Anson, Alphonso 


do... 


is 


Oct. 1, 1862 




Ashford, Herbert W. . 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 17, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Bates, Samuel 


do... 


18 


Nov. 14, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 






8,1865; mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 


Baumgardner, Frank. 


...do... 


19 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died July 6, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Beck, Michael 


...do... 


34 


Nov. 18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Ct>. A June 
8, 1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Beckwith, Herman . . . 


do... 


25 


Jan. 4, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Bickford, Reuben 


...do... 


25 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




do... 


20 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Both, Nicholas 


do... 


23 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 






tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 




do... 


35 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Brown, Kemp P 


...do... 


43 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 2, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Buhler, George F 


do... 


26 


Dec. 29, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Cahal, Peter F 


do... 


19 


Oct. 6, 1862 


Transferred from Co. F June 






1,1863; mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 


Clark, James 


do... 


22 

18 


Oct. 1, 1862 
Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Collins, James 


do... 


Mustered out with company 






July 9, 1865. 


Cooper, Amos G 


do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 










July 9, 1865. 


Covert, Edward C 


...do... 


40 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Daub, Peter 


do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F ; 






died Oct. 10, 1863, at Chatta- 












nooga, Tenn., of wounds 












received in battle of Chick- 












amauga, Ga. 


Day, Henry 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 29, 1862, by 
civil authority. 


Donley, Sylvester 


...do... 


23 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 
tered out with company 






















July 9, 1865. 


Driscal, Daniel 


...do... 


30 


Dec. 11, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged March 29, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Discharged June 8, 1865, at 


Edwards, Joel A 


...do... 


21 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 












Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 












geon's certificate of disa- 












bility. 


Evans, Theodore R... 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 29, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 23, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 



240 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







a> 


Date of 






Names. 


Rank. 


be 
•< 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






Service. 


ll 




Everett, Edson S 


Priv. 


33 


Sept. 28, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 6, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Ex, Nicholas 


do... 


40 


Oct. 28, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 












8, 1865: mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 


Fields, Joseph 

Fleming, Sidney A. . . 


...do... 


31 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 




...do... 


24 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 30, 1862, at, 












Cleveland, O., on Surgeon's 












certificate of disability. 


Fulk, Peter 


do... 


23 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 






serve Corps Feb. 18, 1864; 












discharged Aug. 2, 1865, at 












St. Louis, Mo., for wounds 












received in battle. 


Gore, George W 


...do... 


19 


Oct. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died July 9, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Haley, Joseph J 


...do... 


31 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Harrison, John Q 


do... 


24 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died April 14, 1863, at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 


Homan, Edward 


...do... 


40 


Oct. 23, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died April 23, 1865, at Bull's 
Gap, Tenn. 


Hoover, John 


do.. . 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died March 10, 1864, at Nash- 






ville, Tenn. 


Hornung, Henry 


do... 


19 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Hudden, William 


...do... 


44 


Nov. 13, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 
8, 1865 ; on duty at Tod Bar- 
racks, Columbus, O. No 
further record found. 


Hudson, Albert E 


...do... 


18 


Feb. 16, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 


Hudson, James 


...do... 


19 


Dec. 11, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 27, 1864, in action 
at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 


Hudson, Richard 


...do. . 


30 


Nov. 5, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 
8,1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Hurd, Sherman C 


...do... 


40 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Oct. 2, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Jewett, William 


do... 


33 


Nov. 22, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 










8,1865; mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 


Johnson, George 


...do... 


19 


Dec. 22, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Jones, George N 


do... 


42 


Jan. 4, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 




















War Department. 


Kenney, William 


do... 


23 


Aug. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 








Kenstill, Wendel 


...do... 


38 


Aug. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded ; transferred to 

87th Co., 2d Battalion, Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps, March 
24, 1864. 




do... 


18 


Jan. 23, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 16, 1865, for 
wounds received Dec. — , 






















1864, in battle of Nashville, 












Tennessee. 


Lamb, James 


do... 


20 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 











Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



241 















o a! 








4> 


Date of 


•a. 2 




Names. 


Rank. 


60 
< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 


5 <" 




Leary, Perry 


Priv. 


24 


Aug. 


16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 13, 1865, at 












Louisville, Ky., by order of 
















War Department. 


Lewis, Bennazette — 


do... 


27 


Aug. 


11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 11, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Lingo, Calvin 


do... 


23 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9. 1865. 


Lisch, Joseph 


do... 


20 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


Luce, Christopher 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 


14, 


1862 


Died March 17. 1865, at Ann- 
















apolis, Md. 


McCormick, John J.. 


...do... 


35 


Aug. 


■1-1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1,1863: died May 8, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky. 


McCormick, Thomas. 


...do... 


22 


Aug. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 12, 1862, at 
Camp Cleveland, O., on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


McDonnan, Frank 


do... 


20 


Oct. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




McGirk, John 


...do... 


36 


Nov. 


16, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 
8, 1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


McGuire, Thomas 


...do... 


30 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F ; 

discharged May 20, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


McKay, Florentine. . . 


...do... 


24 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F ; 

discharged Oct. 8, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
















geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


McKenzie, Bates 


do... 


20 


Oct. 


24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




McKenzie, Tracy 


...do... 


24 


Oct. 


16, 


1802 


3 yrs. 




Mansfield, Peter 


..do... 


29 


Aug. 


16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


March, Frederick 


...do... 


28 


Aug. 


21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 31, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 
War Department. 


March, George 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 


21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Markley, Abraham. . . 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 


15. 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
Julv 9, 1865. 


Mess, Peter 


do... 


19 


Aug. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 8, 1864, at 
Camp Dennison, O., for 


























wounds received May 27, 
















1864, in action at Pickett's 
















Mills. Ga. 


Middleton, James. . . . 


...do... 


40 


Aug. 


16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Miller, Henry 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


is, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1,1863; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Morse, Sylvester 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 


15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June' 5. 1864. 


Mossier, Ananias 


...do... 


18 


Jan. 


4, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Mossier, Josiah 


...do... 


20 


Jan. 


8, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Murphy, Arthur 


...do... 


19 


Dec. 


28, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Myrise, Thomas 


...do... 


35 


Aug. 


21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out July 3, 1865, at 
Columbus, O.. by order of 
War Department. 



16 



242 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











O o> 








a> 


Date of 


•OS, 




Names. 


Rank. 


•< 


Entering the 


s* 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Myers, Franklin 


Priv. 


18 


Dec. 2, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Null, Henry 


do... 


23 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Oakley, Joseph 


do... 


38 


Aug. 24, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 22, 1803, at 








Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 












geon's certificate of disa- 












bility. 


O'Donneau, Michael.. 


...do... 


30 


Dec. 14, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 27, 1864, at 
Cleveland, O., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability ; al- 
so borne on rolls as Michael 
O'Donohue. 


Offolderf, Durs 


do... 


42 


Nov. 17, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 






8,1865; mustered out with 












company July 9. 1865. 


Ordway, Thomas 


do... 


27 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps Sept. 3, 1863; 
mustered out July 5, 1865, 
at Detroit, Mich., by order 
of War Department. 


Parmer, Jefferson — 


...do... 


22 


Oct, 1,1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 8, 1803, at 
Franklin, Tenn., on Sur- 






















geon's certificate of disa- 












bility. 


Partel, George W 


...do... 


33 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Partel, John E 


do.. . 


31 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I, 1st U. 












S. Veteran Volunteer Engi- 












neers, Sept. 1, 1864; mus- 












tered out Sept. 26, 1865. at 












Nashville, Tenn., by order 












of War Department. 


Penny, Christopher.. 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 24, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. E Jan. 
1, 1863; died Jan. 23, 1865, at 
Nashville.Tenn., of wounds 
received Dec. 16, 1864, in 
battle of same place. 




do... 


25 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I, 1st U. 












S. Veteran Volunteer Engi- 












neers, Sept. 1, 1864; mus- 












tered out Sept. 26, 1865, at 












Nashville, Tenn., by order 












of War Department. 


Polock, Robert L 


do... 


24 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Porter, Orlando 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Rasor, Augustus 


do... 


18 


Dec. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Ridicar, Henry ,.. 


...do... 


43 


Jan. 4, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Rohn, Henry 


do... 


31 

27 


Oct. 1, 1862 
Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Died Dec. 14, 1863. 


Schaffer, Christian. . . 


...do... 


Killed May 14, 1864, in battle 












of Resaca, Ga. 


Schoenholtz, Henry. . 


...do... 


36 


Dec. 11, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Shelt, John 


do... 


34 


Aug. 21 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as 1st Sergeant ; re- 
duced to ranks Nov. 1, 1862; 


















mustered out with com- 












pany July 9, 1865. 




do... 


27 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 




do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F ; 












died Oct. 15, 1863, at Chatta- 












nooga, Tenn. 




CAPTAIN CLEVELAND VAX DORN. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



243 











O 0> 








a> 


Date of 


■a 3 




Names. 


Rank. 


M 


Entering the 


■2 > 


Remarks. 






<J 


Service. 






Snyder, George 


Priv. 


19 


Aug. 25, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 20, 1864. at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Steinberg, Morris 


do... 


19 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Steward, Frederick.. 


do... 


18 


Feb. 24, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Sturdevant, James... . 


...do... 


19 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Sweeny, John 


do... 


34 


Dec. 4, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 
8, 1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Thatcher, John H 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 26, 1862 


3 yrs. 






do... 


26 


Dec. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Wagner, John 


do... 


28 


Jan. 8, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out July 11, 1865, at 












Jeffersonville, ind.. by or- 












der of War Department. 


Watkins, Charles 


...do... 


18 


Jan. 23, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Watson, Andrew 


do... 


26 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 






1,1863; discharged Feb. 12, 












1863, at Franklin, Tenu., on 












Surgeon's certificate of dis- 












ability. 


Webster, Arthur 


do... 


18 


Nov. 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. A June 






8, 1865; mustered out with 












corapauy July 9, 1805. 


Werline, John P 


do... 


21 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 1, 1863, at Frank- 












lin, Tenn. 


Wilhelm, Leo 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 11, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Williams, Charles — 


...do... 


33 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Williamson, John A. . 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 22, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa 
bility. 




do... 


23 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; dis- 












charged Feb. 17, 1863, at 












Washington, D. C, for 












wounds received May 27, 












1864, in action at Pickett's 












Mills, Ga. 


Wolf, John 


do... 


22 


Aug. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 11, 1863, at 








Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 












geon's certificate of disa- 












bility. 


Wood, William A 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. F, 7th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Aug. 17, 1863. 



244 



Roster of the 124th Regime?it, 



COMPANY E. 

Mustered in Oct. 31, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, 0., by Charles C. Goddard. Captain 17th 

Infantry, U. S. A. Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 

Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 

A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 











o oi 








0) 


Date of 


«.S 




Names. 


Rank. 


bo 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






<j 


Service. 


a, 00 




John W. Bullock 


Capt. 


39 


Oct. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Major June 20, 
1865, but not mustered; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 


Thomas J. Carran. . . . 


1st Lt. 


21 


Oct. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Resigned Jan. 10, 1864. 


Terence A. Dempsey.. 


...do... 


25 


Sept. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. D March 2, 1864; 
killed Dec. 16, 1864, in bat- 
tle of Nashville, Tenn. 


Orrin Story 


2d Lt. 


28 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Resigned Aug. 1, 1863. 


Charles E. Wyman. . . 


1st Ser. 


19 


Sept. 3, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
May 17, 1864, but not mus- 
tered ; to 1st Lieutenant 
Co. I Sept. 8, 1864. 


Herbert A. Smith 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed Sergeant July 1. 
1863; 1st Sergeant Nov. 1, 
1864; mustered out with 
companv Julv 9, 1865. 


Josiah Flick 


Ser. 


20 


Oct. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 8, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


William Carran 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 23, 1863. 


Frederick L. Smith. . 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Feb. 6, 1865, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Edward M. Hayhurst. 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Camp Dennison, 0.,by or- 
der of War Department. 


Thomas G. Hayhurst. 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal Julv 1. 
1863; Sergeant Nov. 1, 1864; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 


Hartsel Herriff 


do... 


18 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed" Corporal Julv 1, 












1863; Sergeant Nov. 1, 1864; 












mustered out with com- 












pany July 9. 1865. 


Nathan R. Parmaly.. 


...do... 


22 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Reduced to ranks from 1st 

Sergeant ; appointed 

Corporal July 1. 1863: Ser- 
geant Feb.l, 186.") ; mustered 
out with company July 9, 
1865. 


Jas. B. Hardenburgh. 


Sergt. 


23 


Sept. 28, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal Nov. 1, 
1864; Sergeant Feb. 6, 1865; 
mustered out with com- 
panv July 9, 1865. 


George F. Hill 


Corp. 


18 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 13, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate oi dis- 












ability. 




CAPTAIN JOHN W. BULLOCK. 



THE NEW YORK 

PU8UC LIBRARY'! 



A-KTOl- L ; m.-jc ,.. mo j 
TILDF.N FOl " D )N j 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



245 







ai 


Date of 






Names. 


Rank. 


6C 


Entering the 


o > 


Remarks. 






«J 


Service. 


S3 « 




James Larkin 


Corp. 


19 


Oct. 22, 


1862 


3yrs. 


Discharged June 20, 1863, at 














Nashville, Tenn., by order 














of War Department. 
Appointed July 1, 1863; died 


Matthew J. Plunkett. 


...do... 


21 


Sept. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 














Aug. 29, 1864, in Rebel Pris- 














on at Andersonville, Ga. 




do... 


21 


April 25, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed July 1, 1863; killed 
Sept. 19, 1863, in battle of 


• 












Chickamauga, Ga. 


Chester D. Springer. . 


...do... 


28 


Aug. 15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Nov. 1,1864; died 
Dec. 19, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived in battle. 


Peter Parsch 


do... 


20 


Oct. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed July 1, 1863. 


Isaac Warren 


...do... 


30 


Aug. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Nov. 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Marion Shepherd 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Nov. 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Harold A. Cores 


do... 


18 


April 20, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Feb. 6, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 






















July 9, 1865. 


Jacob Sholl 


do... 


18 


May 15, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Feb. 6, 1865; mus- 














tered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 


Mengo H. Diefendorff 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 3, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Henry Holzhaner .... 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Alexander Herbret.. . 


...do... 


18 


Jan. 2, 


1864 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


John C. Kollman 


do... 


27 


Sept. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 














tered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 


Frank Hartman 


Mus. 


18 


Oct. 13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 12, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky.,by order of 
War Department. 


Henrv J. Wilber 


do... 


32 


Sept. 1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 










July 9, 1865. 


William Andres 


Wag. 


21 


Oct. 27, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Allaman, Albert 


Priv. 


18 


Oct. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Alway, Henry 


do... 


19 


Nov. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 






1, 1863; mustered out with 














company July 9, 1865. 


Anderson, James 


...do... 


42 


Sept. 8, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Atkinson, William... . 


...do... 


39 


Oct. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Austin, Richard 


.do... 


20 


Sept. 15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 










serve Corps April 21, 1865. 


Baker, Thomas 


do.. 


19 


Oct. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 6, 1864, at 














Cleveland, O., on Surgeon's 














certificate of disability. 


Bennett, William 


do... 


29 


Sept. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant; mus- 
tered out vvith company 
July 9, 1865. 


Benson, James 


...do... 


32 


Oct. 14, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Bowman, Alfred . . . 


do... 


18 


Oct. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B Jan. 1, 






1863. 



246 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











o a3 








0) 


Date of 


"3.2 




Names. 


Rank. 


W3 
< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Bowman, John M 


Priv. 


18 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. B ; 

mustered out June 30, 1865, 
at Chattanooga, Tenn., by 
order of War Department. 




do... 


18 


May 23, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Burell, Duff G 


do... 


28 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Burket, Peter 


do... 


44 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; dis- 






charged Feb. 13, 1865, on 












Surgeon's certificate of tiis- 












ability. 


Butler, John 


...do... 


18 


May 16, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Captured Jan. 18, 1S64, in ac- 
tion near Dandridge,Tenn. ; 
exchanged . 


Cain, Edwin C 


do... 


34 


Sept. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Jan. 5, 1863, at Louis- 






ville, Ky. 


Cender, Andrew 


do.. 


22 


May 22, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Chandler, Matthew T 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 14, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 


Chappel, James, Sr.. . 


..do... 


45 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Chappel, James, Jr.. . 


...do... 


21 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed June 23, 1864, at Kene- 
saw Mountain, Ga., while 
on picket duty. 


Clark, Jewitt 


do... 


45 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died July 26, 1863, at Tulla- 






homa, Tenn. 


Clark, Legrand P 


...do... 


21 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Nov. 18, 1864, at Cleve- 
land, O. 


Clark, Major E 


...do... 


45 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 22, 1865, at 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department. 




do... 


22 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; re- 
duced to ranks April 12, 
















1864; killed May 27, 1864, in 












action at Pickett's Mills, 












Georgia. 




do... 


20 


Nov. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 






1, 1863; mustered out May 












18, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., 












by order of War Depart- 












ment. 


Crocker, Myron 


do... 


45 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died March 30, 1863, at Nash- 












ville, Tenn. 


Dahleni, Lucius 


do.. . 


19 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Darron, Alexander. 


do... 


45 


Sept. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. H Jan. 
1, 1863. 


Eisner, Martin 


do... 


26 


Dec. 23, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. I Jan. 






1,1863; discharged Aug. 24, 












1864, by order of War De- 












partment. 


Emmons, Alouzo J 


do... 


24 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Ernst, George 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Estell, Ambrose 


...do... 


38 


Oct. 10, 1862 


3 vrs. 


Mustered as Corporal. 


Eukers, Samuel 


...do... 


18 


May 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Captured May 27, 1864, in ac- 
tion at Pickett's Mills, Ga.; 
died Dec. 9, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 


Farnsworth, Civili- 












an 


...do... 


35 


Oct. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


See Co. C. 


Fields, Adam 


do... 


18 


Oct. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 26, 1864, on 






Surgeon's certificate of dis- 












ability. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



247 













O q 








<S 


Date of 


•o.H 




Names. 


Rank. 


iO 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






<, 


Service. 


(2> 




Fisher, Silas 


Priv. 


27 


Oct. 15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 25, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
























ability. 


Fuller, Moses 


do... 


38 


Aug. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B Jan. 1, 














1863. 


Garrett, Erastus 


do... 


34 


Oct. 15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 4, 1863, on 






Surgeon's certificate of dis- 














ability. 


Haines, Jacob 


...do... 


27 


Oct. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Harpon, John W 


do... 


18 


Feb. 14, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 25, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
























geon's certificate of disa- 














bility. 


Hoffer, Charles 


do... 


35 
20 


Dec. 6, 
Dec. 16, 


1862 

1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Hollings worth, John. 


...do... 




Houghton, Christop'r 


...do. 


34 


Oct. 4, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1S65. 


Jameson, John 


...do... 


35 


Oct. 17, 


1802 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. H Jan. 
1,1863. 


Johnson. Nathau F.. . 


...do... 


33 


Oct. 9, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Knerim, Oswelt 


do... 


19 


Oct. 28, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 18, 1864, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of accidental 


















wounds. 


Lawless, William 


...do... 


21 


July 6, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Leonard, Ryal W 


...do... 


28 


Oct. 28, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Lewis, Hiram 


do... 


21 


May 25, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 15, 1865, at 






Fort Independence, Boston 














Harbor, Mass. 


Lucas, Johnson 


...do... 


35 


Sept. 8, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Missing Sept. 19, 1863, in bat- 
tle of Chickamauga, Ga. ; 
supposed to have been 
killed. 


McDowell. William T 


...do... 


45 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged March 25, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O. 


McGuire, James 


...do... 


25 


Oct. 19, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 


Mavnes, Jared F 


do.. . 


35 


Oct. 21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B Jan. 1, 






1863. 


Miller, John 


do... 


30 


Nov. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 






1, 1863; wounded Oct. 25, 














1863, in action; mustered 














out June 26, 1865, at Camp 














Chase, O., by order of War 














Department. 


Miller, Henry 


do... 


18 


Aug. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D Jan. 1, 






1863. 


Miller, Silas F 


do... 


22 


Aug. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died April S, 1863, at Frank- 














lin, Tenn. 


Mogler, Louis 


do.. . 


24 


May 22, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Moon, Charles E 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died July 7, 1864, of wounds 
received in action. 


Moore, Henry 


...do... 


IS 


Sept. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 14, 1863, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability; on muster-in rolls 
as Henry Moon. 


Naracong, Riley 


...do... 


35 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Nimmons, John S. . . . 


...do... 


23 


Oct. 1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Sergt. Major 
Jan. 1, 1863. 


Parker, Zenas D 


...do. . 


18 


April 18, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Sept. 14, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 


Penny, Christopher. . 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D Jan. 1, 
1863. 



248 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











o -J 








4) 


Date of 


-O.H 




Names. 


Rank. 


M 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






< 


Service. 






Reed, Richard 


Priv. 


18 


Oct. 21, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E, 12th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, ; mustered out 

July 21, 1865, at Washing- 
ton, D. C, by order of War 


Remengoburg, Car- 










Department. 


rollton 


.do... 


19 


May 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 27, 1864, in action 
at Pickett's Mills, Ga. 


Roper, Orlando S 


. .do... 


20 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 






do... 


38 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured March 28, 1865, at 
Lancaster, S. C; paroled 

; mustered out June 24, 

1865, at Camp Chase, O., by 
order of War Department. 




do... 


24 


Nov. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Shamburger, Jacob.. . 


...do... 


21 


May 22, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Shay, William 


...do... 


18 


Nov. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1, 1863; to Co. B,22d Regi- 
ment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, April 11, 1865; mus- 
tered out July 17, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 
War Department. 


Smith, Alvarado 


do... 


18 


Sept. 27, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died March 25, 1863, at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 








Snow, Edwin W 


do.. . 


18 


Dec. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 










serve Corps . 


Spangler, Peter 


do... 


34 


Oct. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Stagmire, John 


do. 


33 


May 18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B, 23d 








Regiment, Veteran Reserve 












Corps, ; mustered out 












July 19, 1865, at Clinton, 












Iowa. 


Stoner, William 


do.. . 


27 


Oct. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 26, 1862, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 




















ability. 


Sullivan, James 


do... 


18 


April 21, 1863 
April 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 






do... 


18 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 








Swartwood, DeWitt. . 


...do... 


23 


Oct. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Feb. 14, 1863, at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 


Sweeny, James 


do... 


18 


May 11, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 30, 1864, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 


















ability. 


Thayer, James K 


...do... 


22 


Oct. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Thomas, James 


.do... 


18 


May 9, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
Julv 9, 1865. 


Tousley, Charles W. . 


...do... 


19 


Sept. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Sept. 25, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 


Turner, George. 


.do... 


18 


April 23, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Van Osdal, James. . . . 


...do... 


18 


Nov. 25, 1862 


3 yrs. 


See Co. G. 


Waters, Henry F 


do... 


28 


Oct. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I, 6th 










Regiment, Veteran Reserve 












Corps ; mustered out 












July 22, 1865, at Johnson's 












Island, O., by order of War 












Department. 


Wetzell, Anthony H. . 


...do... 


24 


Sept. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; dis- 
charged Dec. 8, 1864, by or- 
der of War Department. 


Wheeler, William 


...do... 


28 


Oct. 17, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B Jan. 1, 
1863. 




i A I'TAIS JOHJS C. SMITH. 






A.STOB. LENOX 

Itildenfound 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



249 



Names. 


Rank. 


4) 

be 

-3 


Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


•C.H 
o> 


Remarks. 


Williams, Cyrus W. . . 


Priv. 
...do... 


42 

46 
18 


Oct. 16, 1862 

Oct. 24, 1862 
Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 


Winklepleck, Jas. W.. 


...do... 





COMPANY F. 

Mustered in Oct. 31, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by Charles C. Goddard, Captain 

17th Infantry, U. S. A. Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by 

Philip Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry 

and A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



Horace E. Dakin. . . 
Sherburn B. Eaton. 
John C. Smith 



Andrew J. Moulton 
James T. McGinnis . 



John S. Nimmons.. 



Oliver P. Mcllrath. 
Denton J. Snider. . . 



Haskell F. Proctor. 
David B. Long 



John E. Craudal. 



John W. Crapser 

Jacob Hinebaugh... 

Charles Hammond. 

Enoch P. Teachout. 



Capt. 
..do.. 
..do.. 



1st Lt. 
..do.. 



..do... 



2d Lt. 
..do.. 



1st Ser. 
...do... 



.do.. 



Sergt. 
..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 



Oct. 


30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mch. 


13, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 

Sept. 


80, 
29, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 
Feb. 


1, 
28, 


1862 
1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


July 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Aug. 


8, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept 


11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept 


29 


1862 


3 yrs. 



Resigned March 1, 1863, be- 
cause of physical disa- 
bility. 

Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant and Adjutant Mav 23, 
1863; resigned Nov. 4, 1864. 

Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. K Feb. 23, 1865; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Resigned March 4, 1863. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. H March 2, 1863; to 
Captain Co. C July 27. 1864. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. A Sept. 8, 1864; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Resigned June 27, 1863. 

Resigned Sept. 9, 1863; also 
borne on rolls as Andrew 
J. Snyder. 

Promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
Co. G April 28, 1863. 

Discharged March 14, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 
War Department. 

Appointed from Sergeant 
April 1, 1865; mustered out 
with company July 9, 1865. 

Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed Sergeant ; mus- 
tered out May 29, 1865, by 
order of War Department. 

Appointed Corporal ; Ser- 
geant Jan. 1, 1865 ; mustered 
out with company July 9, 
1865. 

Appointed Corporal ; Ser- 
geant Jan. 27, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 



250 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 











O o 








6 


Date of 


*S 




Names. 


Rank. 


bi 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






"! 


Service. 


(£« 




Albert Bliss 


Sergt. 


20 


Aug. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal ; Ser- 
geant March 1, 1865; mus- 
















tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


George Butters 


do... 


21 


April 29, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal ; Ser- 
geant March 1, 1865; mus- 


















tered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


GeorgeS. Dell 


Corp. 


24 


Sept. 2, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 24, 1863. at 
CampDennison,0.,on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 




do... 


20 


Aug. 31, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 17, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Henry B. Lang 


do... 


18 


Sept. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died May 14, 1864, of wounds 








received in action. 


James V. Smith 


do... 


32 


Sept. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered out 

May 25, 1865, at Nashville. 


















Tenn., by order of War De- 












partment. 




do... 


18 


May 5, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered out 

with company July 9, 1865. 




do... 


18 


Oct. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered out 

with company July 9, 1865. 


John Bartley 


do... 


34 


Dec. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed CorporalMay 30, 
1865; mustered out with 




















company July 9, 1865: also 












borne on rolls as John 












Bastley. 




do... 


18 


Sept. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed May 30, 1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


James A. Bowers 


...do... 


18 


May 2, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 12, 186.5; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9,1865. 


James Cisco 


do... 


19 


May 6, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 12,1865 : mus- 
tered out with company 


















July 9, 1865. 


James Lennon 


do... 


18 


Feb. 4, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 12,1865; mus- 
tered out with compauv 






















July 9. 1865. 


Alfred Curtis 


...do... 


21 


May 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 12, 1865 : mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9. 1865. 


Charles Miller 


Mus. 


18 


Nov. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1, 1863. 


Samuel Chapman.... 


...do... 


16 


Sept. 12, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July ;*. 1865 


Almond Aiken 


Wag. 


29 


Oct. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed ; mustered out 

with company Julv 9. 1865. 


Adams, Harrv F 


Priv. 


30 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 29." 1862, at 
Cleveland, O., ou Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Allen, Ethan 


do... 


18 


Sept. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










do... 


28 


Nov. 21, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
Julv 9. 1865. 












do... 


18 


Mch. 17, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 28, 1863, at 












Nashville. Tenn. 


Batley, George 


...do... 


27 


Sept. 21, 1863 


3 vrs. 




Beach, Joseph 


...do... 


32 


Aug. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



251 



Beechan, Joseph A. 



Belden, John. . . . 
Bennett, Robert. 



Briggs, Stephen S . 
Bromley, David . . . 

Buckhart, Samuel. 
Buckley, Hugh 



Burnett, Isaac. 



Cahil, Peter F 

Chapman, Henry. . . 

Chapman, Henry L. 

Clark, Thomas 

Coats, Charles 



Cooley, George 

Coramy, Joseph 

Crosby, William 

Leo n i 



Crossland, 
das N 



Daub, Peter. . . 
Dinges, Adam 



Elliott, Eugene W. 



Etter, James. . . 
Forsythe, Levi. 



Goodrich, James 



Graham, Elijah G 
Grobe, Christian.. 



Hardy, John. 
Hart, Jehu. . . 



Hathaway, Baldwin B 

Hedgeman, David. . . . 

Hennesy, Henry 

Hert, Joseph 



Rank. 



Priv. 



.do., 
.do.. 



..do. 
..do. 



..do. 
..do. 

..do. 

..do. 
..do. 

..do. 

..do. 
..do. 



.do. 

.do. 
.do. 

.do. 

.do. 
.do. 

.do. 

.do. 

.do. 



..do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



..do. 
..do. 



..do. 
..do. 



24 



22 



Date of 

Entering the 
Service. 



Jan. 27, 1864 

Mch. 24, 1863 
Oct. 7, 1862 



April 28, 1863 

Oct. 27, 1862 

Oct. 5, 1862 

Sept. 12, 1862 

Oct. 6, 1862 



Oct. 1, 1862 
Sept. 12, 1862 

Dec. 24, 1863 

Aug. 18, 1862 
Dec. 17, 1863 

Sept. 29, 1862 

Oct. 14, 1862 
April 29, 1863 

Mch. 5. 1864 

Oct. 1, 1862 
April 29, 1863 

Oct. 5, 1862 

Mch. 24, 1863 
Sept. 15, 1862 

Oct. 3, 1862 



Oct. 30. 
Sept. 11 

Mch. 24 
Oct. 18, 

Sept. 29 

Sept. 13, 

Mch. 1 
Nov. 3, 



1862 
1862 

1863 
1862 



3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 vrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

1862 3 yrs. 

1862 3 yrs. 

1863 3 vrs. 
1863 3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Died July 5, 1864, of wounds 
received in action. 

Captured Sept. 9, 1863, in ac- 
tion ; died March 6, 1864, in 
Rebel Prison at Richmond, 
Virginia. 

Transferred to Co. G Nov. 1. 
1862. 

Died Nov. 10, 1862. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Discharged Nov. 19, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 

Transferred to Co. D June 1, 
1863. 

Mustered out May 22, 1865, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department. 

Mustered out May 31, 1865, at 
Camp Deunisori, O., by or- 
der of War Department. 

Trausferred to Co. G Nov. 1, 
1862. 

Mustered out June 8, 1865, at 
Cleveland, O., by order of 
War Department". 

Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 
tered out with company Julv 
9, 1865. 

Killed Sept. 19, 1863. in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Mustered out with company 

July 9, 1865. 

Trausferred to Co. D . 

Mustered out with company 

July 9, 1865. 
Transferred to Co. A Nov. 1, 

1862. 

Discharged to date Nov. 29, 
1864, by order of War De- 
partment. 

Discharged July 12, 1864, at 
Camp Dennison, 0., by or- 
der of War Department. 

Died Dec. 9, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 

Died Nov. 2, 1863, in Rebel 
Prison at Richmond, Va. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Transferred to Co. A Nov. 1, 
1862. 



252 



Roster of the 124th Regiment \ 







<o 


Date of 


o3 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 

< 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Hill, Hiram B 


Priv. 


34 


Sept. 28, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I, 1st U. 
S. Veteran Volunteer Engi- 
neers, Sept. 12, 1864; mus- 
tered out Sept. 26, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 




do... 


18 


Dec. 19, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 






serve Corps May 1, 1864. 


Holden, Thomas H. . . 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 28, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 29, 1863. 


Hollahan, John 


do... 


25 
18 


Sept. 13, 
Sept. 9, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Huf ton, William 


...do... 


Died Aug. 10, 1863. 


Hunter, Adolphus 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal; dis- 
charged April 2, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 


James, Francis 


...do. . 


20 


Sept. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 10, 1862, at 
Cleveland, O., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Jones, Alexander K. . 


...do... 


23 


Mch. 24, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Absent. No further record 
found. 


Jones, Carlos D 


do... 


18 


Jan. 15, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 1, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 


























of War Department. 


Jones, Edward 


...do... 


18 


Mch. 24, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Mav 2, 1863. 


Jones, Franklin 


do.. . 


18 
20 


Oct. 6, 
Oct. 25, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Discharged July 18, 1863. 
Transferred to Co. G Nov. 1, 


Konzen, Henry 


...do... 














1862. 


Lashels, George L — 


.do.. . 


22 


Sept. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged March 20, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Lewis, Richard 


.do... 


28 


April 29, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Litchfield, Francis. . . 


...do... 


35 


Aug. 5, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 5, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


McGuire, Thomas 


...do... 


30 


Oct. 6, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D . 


McKay, Florentine. . . 


...do... 


24 


Oct. 6, 


1862 


3 vrs. 


Transferred to Co. D . 


Mahannah, Morris . . . 


...do... 


18 


Mch. 24, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Matthews, Frank L.. . 


...do... 


25 


Jan. 10, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out Aug. 5, 1865, at 
Springfield, 111., by order 
of War Department. 


Meredith, Anthony.. . 


...do... 


26 


Sept. 11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 10, 1862, at 
Cleveland, 0.,on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Miller, John 


do... 


45 


Sept. 25, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Wagoner; dis- 
charged April 22, 1863. 










Miller, Tyler R 


.do... 


21 


Mch. 24, 


1863 


3 yrs. 






do... 


22 


Mch. 20, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Captured Jan. 30, 1864, in ac- 














tion near Blaine's Cross 














Roads, Tenn. No further 














record found. 


Moller, Frank 


do. 


23 


Sept. 11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 22, 1863, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 






















geon's certificate of disa- 














bility. 




do... 


25 


Sept. 15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Mver, William 


do... 


29 
18 


Sept. 1, 
Feb. 27, 


1862 
1864 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Nicholas, Peter 


do... 


Mustered out with company 
Julv 9, 1865. 














O'Mara, John 


...do... 


43 


Sept. 25, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 18, 1863. 


Ranney , Charles H . . . 


...do... 


23 


July 26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant; dis- 
charged Oct. 10, 1803, at 
Louisville, Ky., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



253 







<b 


Date of 


O 0, 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 

< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Rexinger, Joseph 


Priv. 


44 


Oct. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Joseph Reis- 
inger; transferred to Co. 
G Nov. 1, 1862. 


Riggor, Philip 


do... 


39 


Aug. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Philip Regor; 
transferred to Co. G Nov. 


















1, 1862. 


Ross, John 


do... 


28 


Mch. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 






do... 


19 


Sept. 26, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 6, 1864, in Rebel 












Prison at Andersonville, 












Georgia. 


Rvan, Michael 


do... 


18 


May 15, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










do... 


20 


Oct. 4, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Schmidt, Christopher 


...do... 


31 


Oct. 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Wounded May 27, 1864, in 
battle of Pickett's Mills, 
Ga. ; mustered out May 13, 
1865, at Cincinnati, O. 




do... 


18 


Sept. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 












Camp Dennison.O., by or- 












der of War Department. 




do... 


18 
24 


Oct. 20, 1863 
Sept. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. A . 


Sherman, Daniel 


...do... 


Died Jan. 10, 1863. 


Shutliff, Gordon 


...do.. 


29 


Oct. 2, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. A Nov. 1, 
1862. 


Snider, William 


do... 


19 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D . 


Spellman, Henry 


...do... 


22 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 






do... 


18 


Sept. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Musician ; died 
April 14, 1863. 


Stabler, Christian 


...do... 


44 


Feb. 22, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Stark , James 


do... 


29 


Aug. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 








Steller, Christian..., 


. ,do... 


18 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 20, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 


Stewart, James 


do... 


36 
29 


Aug. 22, 1862 
Sept. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G . 


Stone, George 


do. . 


Mustered as Corporal; died 
Feb. 1, 1864, at Knoxville, 


















Tennessee. 


Thoma, John 


do... 


18 


Oct. 3, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 10, 1864, in action 
near Rocky Face Ridge, 




















Georgia. 


Thomas, Peter 


.do... 


19 


Oct. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Waltham, Thomas 


...do... 


32 


Sept. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps Nov. 1, 1863; 
discharged July 28, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C. 


Warner, Marshall C. . 


...do... 


21 


Sept. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 15, 1862, on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Weiddart, Frederick. 


...do... 


35 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Westerman, Joseph.. 


...do... 


23 


Aug. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Nov. 1, 

1862. 


Wheeler, Lucius 


...do... 


27 


Sept. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured ; died Nov. 1, 

1863, in Rebel Prison at 
Belle Isle, Va. 


Wheeler, Matthew B,. 


do... 


27 


Oct. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal. 


Whitney, Nathan 


...do... 


18 


Sept. 24, 1862 


3 yrs. 


See Co. G. 


Williams, George H. . 


...do... 


33 


Nov. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Williams, James 


do... 


29 


Oct. 29,. 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. A Nov. 1, 






1862. 




do... 


22 


Mch. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 16, 1865, 
at Camp Chase, O., by or- 
der of War Department. 


Zerly, John H 


do... 


22 


Aug. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. A Nov. 1, 








1862. 



254 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 



COMPANY G. 

Mustered in from Nov. 20 to Dec. 31, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by Charles C.Goddard, 

Captain 17th Infantry, and C. O. Howard, Captain 18th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip Reefy, 

Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 

A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 















O Q) 








0) 


Date of 


"3-2 




Names. 


Rank. 


tic 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






•flj 


Service. 






William A. Powell 


Capt. 


28 


Nov. 


13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Resigned April 23, 1864. 


John Raidaie 


do... 


28 


July 


'-: 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 






ant Co. B July 27, 1864; 
















mustered out with com- 
















pany July 9, 1865. 


James Brennan 


1st Lt. 


30 


Nov. 


13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Resigned May 1, 1863. 


John B. Irwin 


do... 


21 


Nov. 


13, 


1S62 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 






from 2d Lieutenant to date 
















April 28, 1863; to Captain 
















Co. C to date Sept. 10, 1863. 


Hashell F. Proctor. . . 


...do... 


20 


July 


26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
from 1st Sergeant Co. F 
April 28, 1863 ; to 1st Lieu- 
tenant Sept. 8, 1864; ap- 
pointed Adjutant Feb. 26, 






























1865. 


Charles D. Hammer. . 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 


4, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from 1st Lieu- 
tenant and Adjutant Feb. 
26, 1865; transferred to Co. 
B June 3,, 1865. 


Alvan S. Galbraith. . . 


1st Ser. 


22 


Sept 


12, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 
Co. I March 19, 1863. 




do... 


24 


Oct. 


16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed from Corporal 
















Nov. 1, 1863; mustered out 
















with company July 9, 1865. 


John K. Batcheldor. . 


Sergt. 


25 


Sept 


25, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed 1st Sergeant Co. 
C Sept. 3, 1863. 


Thomas Burke 


do... 


27 


Oct. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Discharged June 7, 1863. 
Transferred to Veteran Re- 




do... 


44 


Mch. 


28, 


1863 
















serve Corps May 23, 1864. 


Joseph Sherman 


do... 


21 


Aug. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed from private Co. 
C Jan. 1, 1863; mustered 


























out with company July 9, 
















1865. 


Frank Waltz 


do... 


23 


Aug. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal from 
private Co. C Jan. 1, 1863; 


























Sergeant Jan. 1,1864; mus- 
















tered out with company 
















July 9. 1865. 




do... 


32 


Oct. 


4, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal April 6, 
1863; Sergeant Oct. 1, 1864; 




























mustered out with com- 
















pany July 9, 1865. 


Frank Sanders 


do... 


18 


Oct. 


6, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed from private Oct. 
















1, 1864; mustered out with 
















company July 9, 1865. 


William Cutler 


Corp. 


19 


Oct. 


11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 17, 1863. 


William Couch 


...do... 


23 


Oct. 


3, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps May 1, 1864. 


James Condon 


do... 


27 


Oct. 


17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 












APTATX JOHX RAIDAIE. 



["" THE NEW i • 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



- lOVfeTBTSrs] 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry 



255 











o aj 








<o 


Date of 


-a .2 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 

< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 


Oh* 




Archibald J. Reming- 












ton 


Corp. 


35 


Oct. 24, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 29, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky., by order 


















of War Department. 


William L. Reed 


do... 


24 


April 10, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed July 25, 1863 ; mus- 
tered out with company 


















July 9, 1865. 


George Reichart 


do... 


21 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. I Jan. 








1,1863; appointed Corporal 
Jan 1, 1864; mustered out 






















with company July 9, 1865. 
Transferred from Co. F Nov. 


David Bromlev 


do... 


22 


Oct. 27, 1862 


3 yrs. 










1, 1862 ; appointed Corporal 
Jan. 1, 1864; mustered out 






















with company July 9, 1865. 


William Collins 


...do... 


19 


Nov. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Oct. 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Boston Gilson 


do... 


21 


Nov. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Oct. 1, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 




















July 9, 1865. 


Joseph Westerman. . . 


...do... 


23 


Aug. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1, 1862; appointed Corpo- 
ral Oct. 1, 1864; mustered 
out with companv Julv 9, 
1865. 


Christopher Herwig. . 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 24, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Henry Konzer 


do... 


20 


Oct. 25, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F Nov. 










1, 1862; appointed Corporal 
June 1, 1865; mustered out 






















with company July 9, 1865. 


Jacob Westerman 


Wag. 


24 


Aug. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. C Jan. 
1, 1863; appointed Wagoner 

; mustered out with 

company July 9, 1865. 


Allinger, John 


Priv. 


18 


Oct. 17, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Dec. 3, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of wounds 
received Nov. 25, 1863, in 
battle of Mission Ridge, 
Tennessee. 




do... 


19 


Oct. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 






1863. 


Baird, Alexander 


do... 


39 


April 10, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 


Ball, William 


...do... 


21 


Mch. 28, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 13, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Blecker, John 


do. 


22 


Oct. 24, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; also 
borne on rolls as John N. 




















Becker. 


Bonney, William 


...do... 


44 


Nov. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged March 23. 1863. 


Bray, Richard G 


...do... 


44 


Oct. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Oct. 12, 1863. 


Buckmaster, Marion.. 


...do... 


22 


Oct. 13, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. C Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Burgess, William 


do... 


24 


Oct. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal. 




do... 


20 


Nov. 1, 1862 


Cheney, Leander 


...do... 


20 


Nov. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Nov. 3, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 




do... 


18 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F Nov. 












1, 1862; mustered out with 












company July 9, 1865. 


Crew, John 


do... 


20 


Nov. 5, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to company E 
Jan.l, 1863. 











256 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







d 


Date of 


o5 




Names. 


Rank. 


to 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Cushing, Hamilton.. . 


Priv. 


30 


Nov. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I . 


Davis, John I 


do... 


18 
30 


Nov. 25, 
Nov. 10, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Davis, William 


do... 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 












Decker, Samuel 


do... 


43 


Oct. 4, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. I . 


Desmon, Timothy. . . . 


...do... 


21 


Nov. 11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Ellenwood, Andrew 


do... 


24 


Aug. 7, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. C Jan. 
1,1863; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Evans, George 


do... 


27 


Oct. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 5, 1863. 
Mustered out with company 


Fairbanks, Samuel. . . 


...do... 


30 


Oct. 18, 


1862 














July 9, 1865. 




do... 


24 


Sept. 1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. C Jan. 














1, 1863; died March 12, 1863, 














at Franklin, Tenn. 


Finnigan, James 


...do... 


27 


Nov. 7, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 


Fisher, George W 


do... 


25 


Sept. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Fox. John 


...do... 


24 


Oct. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Wagoner. 


Fudrow, Christopher. 


...do... 


18 


April 17, 


1S63 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9,1865. 


GafTnev, James 


do... 


21 
31 


Oct. 30, 
Oct. 25, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Goodman, William. . . 


...do... 


Transferred to , 23d Regi- 














ment Kentucky Infantry 














Volunteers, Nov. 11, 1863. 


Groochee, Joseph — 


...do... 


26 


Nov. 9, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. C Jan. 1, 

1863. 
Mustered as Sergeant. 




do... 


28 


Oct. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Hayes, Burton 


...do... 


29 


April 16, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 10, 1863. 


Hennessey, James. . . . 


.do... 


18 


Oct. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. H Jan. 1, 
1863. 




do... 


25 


Oct. 15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




King, Robert 


do. . 


23 


Nov. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Oct. 29, 1864, at 
Camp'Dennison, O. 












Konzen. George 


do. . 


26 


Aug. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. I Jan. 










1, 1863; died April 23, 1863, 














at Nashville, Tenn. 


Kullmer, Charles J.. . 


...do... 


22 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant; cap- 
tured Sept. 19. 1863, at battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. ; mus- 
tered out June 16, 1865, at 
Camp Chase, O., by order 
of War Department ; also 
borne on rolls as Charles 
J. Kullick. 


Lalumiere, Alphonse. 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 28, 1S63. at Man- 
chester, Tenn.; also borue 
on rolls as Alphonse Lai la- 
in ire. 




do... 


22 


Mch. 27, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 21, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
























geon's certificate of disa- 














bility. 


Lyndon, John 


...do... 


43 


Oct. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 10, 1863, at Louis- 
ville, Ky. 


McConnell, John 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 7, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant; 
wounded May 9, 1864, in 
action; mustered out witb 
company July 9, 1865. 


McCormick, John 


...do... 


22 


Aug. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Mace, George L 


...do... 


22 


Oct. 13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Mangouse, Felix 


...do... 


19 


Oct. 11, 


1862 


3 yrs. 





Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



257 







aj 


Date of 


o C 




Names. 


Rank. 


ho 
< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Mentzer, Nelson 


Priv. 


18 


Oct. 


21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Miller. Charles B 


do... 


18 


Nov. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to company F 
Jan. 1, 1863. 














Miller, Hugh 


do... 


20 


Oct. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 






do... 


20 


Nov. 


1, 


1862 


Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 
















1863. 


Mitchell, Raven R 


...do... 


21 


Oct. 


10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; dis- 
charged April 4, 1863. 




do... 


33 


Oct. 


3, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Detailed as teamster from 














June 1, 1863, to June 10, 
















1865; mustered out with 
















company July 9, 1865. 




do... 


22 


Nov. 


18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Myron, John 


do... 


40 


Nov. 


19, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. C Jan 1, 














1863. 


Neff, Frank 


do... 


18 


Oct. 


1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. D Jan. 1, 
















1863. 


Nelson, Francis 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 


16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Oct. 6, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of wounds 
received Sept. 19, 1863, in 
battle of Chickamauga, Ga. 


Obernour, Frederick. 


...do... 


26 


Oct. 


'2;'., 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. C Jan. 
1, 1863 ; died April 16, 1863, 
at Franklin, Tenn. 


Parker, William M . . . 


...do... 


19 


Sept 


17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. H Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Peacock, Charles 


do... 


44 


Oct. 


22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 
3 vrs. 


Discharged July 6, 1864. 


Peron, Francis 


do... 


22 


Oct. 


18, 


1862 


Phalen, James 


do... 


34 


Aug. 
Nov. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 12, 1863. 
Transferred to Co. H Jan. 1, 


Phelps, John 


...do... 


25 


29, 


1862 
















1863. 




do... 


22 


Oct. 


81, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Pollock, William 


do... 


15 


Oct. 


15, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Musician ; mus- 
















tered out with company 
















July 9, 1865. 


Rauch, George 


do... 


18 


April u 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 














Reiger, George 


do... 


31 


Aug. 


20. 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. C Jan. 












1, 1865; detailed as team- 
















ster from Aug. 8, 1864, to 
















June 10,1865; mustered out 
















with company July 9, 1865. 


Rexinger, Joseph 


...do... 


44 


Oct. 


30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1, 1862; to Co. G, 5th Regi- 
ment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps ; mustered out 

July 18, 1865, at Indianap- 
olis, Ind. 


Rigger, Philip 


...do... 


39 


Aug. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. F Nov. 
1, 1862 ; discharged May 30, 
1864. 


Riley, James 


do... 


19 


Nov. 


24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 






do... 


18 


Nov. 


10. 


1862 


Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 
















1863. 


Sheltz, John Marion . 


...do... 


21 


Nov. 


10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Shine, Thomas 


do... 


23 


Aug. 


20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 












serve Corps . 


Shirkley, Matthew... . 


...do... 


28 


Oct. 


25. 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 


Shook, John 


do... 


18 


Dec. 


17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. I Jan. 






1,1863; mustered out with 
















company July 9, 1865. 


Shurtlif, Nelson 


do... 


40 


Nov. 


10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Mav 1,1863. 







17 



'2M 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 


Rank. 




Date of 

Entering the 
Service. 


O Q> 

O > 

z » 


Remarks. 


Sinclair, John W 
Smith, Frank 


Priv. 
...do... 


27 
21 
43 

36 
25 

32 

28 

18 

20 

19 
25 

26 

28 

25 

18 
19 
22 
25 
35 


Oct. 31. 1862 
Dec. 19. 1862 
April 17. 1863 

Aug. 22, 1862 
Dec. 19, 1862 

Oct. 25, 1862 
Oct. 25, 1862 

Sept. 27, 1862 

Aug. 11, 1862 

Nov. 25, 1862 
April 14, 1863 

Oct. 1, 1862 

Nov. 10, 1862 

Dec. 30, 1862 

Sept. 24, 1862 
Oct. 2, 1862 
Aug. 22, 1862 
Oct. 23, 1862 
Nov. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yr<. 
3 yrs, 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
:; yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal. 


Stevens. Hiram B. . 


do... 
. ..do.. . 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Stewart, John 

Sullivan, Cornelius.. 


...do... 

...do... 
...do... 


Transferred from Co. I Jan. 
1, 1«63. 

Killed Nov. 22, 1863, in action 




...do... 


near Mission Ridge, Tenn. 


Vandemark, Alex'd'r 
Vanorsdal, James 


...do... 

...do... 
...do... 


Transferred to Co. B Jan 1, 
1863. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




...do... 


Welsh, Patrick 

Weston, Charles 

Whiting, Nathan 

Wiseman, Levi 


...do... 
...do... 

do... 

do... 
...do.. : 
...do... 


1863. 
Transferred to Co. C Jan. 1, 

1863* 
Transferred from Co. I Jan. 

1,1863. 


Young, Marshall 


...do... 


Transferred to Co. C Jan. 1, 
1863. 



COMPANY H. 

Mustered in Nov. 18, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by Charles C. Goddard, Captain 17th 

Infantry, U. S. A. Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 

Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 

A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



Eben S. Coe.. . 
John Stevens . 



Barrett W. Kerfoot. 
William Hannon.. . 



Capt. 
..do.. 



1st Lt. 
..do... 



Nov. 17, 1862 
Aug. 18, 1862 



Nov. 17, 1862 
Oct. 9, 1862 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



Promoted to Lieut. Colonel 
196th Regiment, O. V. I., 
March 26, 1865. 

Promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
from 1st Sergeaut Co. C 
Mav 20, 1863; to 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. B Sept. 8. 1864; to 
Captain March 29, 1865; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Resigned June 11, 1863, at 
Franklin, Tenn 

Mustered as private; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant Nov. 
21, 1862; promoted to 2d 
Lieutenant March 2, 1863; 
to 1st Lieutenant June 7, 
1863; to Captain Co. B Jan. 
18, 1865. 




CAPTAIN EBEjS S. COE. 



BLLC LIBRAE 



• 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



259 



Names. 



James T. McGinnis. 

Samuel B. Payne... 

Arthur D. Bailey.... 
Terence Dempsey.. 

Thomas J. Crooks. . 



Samuel P. Fulton. 



Andrew Holt 



Charles D. Collins. 



Wm. B. Dodsworth . 



George S.Greene. 
Henry E. Lowry. . 



Nelson Lent. 



John Dovle. 



Isaac S. Moore. 



George Labaree. 
David Quick 



Rank. 



2d Lt. 
..do... 



1st Ser 
...do... 



.do. 



.do.. 



.do. 



.do.. 



.do. 



Sergt. 
..do.. . 



..do.. 



.do.. 



.do. 



.do. 



.do.. 



2.") 



20 



33 



20 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Sept. 29, 1862 

June 7, 1863 

Sept. 10, 1862 
Sept. 19, 1862 

Oct. 9, 1862 



Oct. 17, 1862 

Oct. 12, 1862 

Oct. 7, 1862 

Oct. 30, 1862 



Sept. 25, 1862 
Oct. 7, 1862 



Sept. 12, 1862 
Oct. 11, 1862 

Oct. 5, 1862 

Oct. 16, 1862 
Oct. 1, 1862 



O D 

■e.2 



3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 

Co. F March 2, 1863. 
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 

Co. C Sept. 8, 1864. 

Mustered as Sergeant: ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
Co. D May 22, 1863. 

Mustered as Corporal : ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

wounded Sept. 19, 1863, in 
battle of Chickamauga,Ga. ; 
transferred to 152d Co., 2d 
Battalion, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, March 5,1864; mus- 
tered out July 26, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 

Mustered as private; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

promoted to 1st Lieutenant 
Co. C Feb. 23, 1865. 

Mustered as private ; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant ; 

mustered out May 18,1865, 
at Nashville, Tenn. 

Appointed Corporal Oct. 8, 
1862; Sergeant Nov. 1, 1863; 

1st Sergeant ; promoted 

to Com. Sergeant June 9, 
1865. 

Appointed Corporal March 2, 
1864; Sergeant March 9, 
1865; 1st Sergeant June 10, 
1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 

Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed Sergt. ; killed 

Sept. 19, 1863, in battle of 
Chickamauga, Ga. 

Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed Sergt. ; killed 

Sept. 19, 1863, in battle of 
Chickamauga, Ga. 

Appointed ; died Oct. 10, 

1863, at Chattanooga, Tenn., 
of wounds received Sept. 
19, 1863, in battle of Chick- 
amauga, Ga. 

Appointed Corporal Aug. 1, 
1863; Sergeant Nov. 1, 1863; 
mustered out July 14, 1865, 
at Columbus, O., by order 
of War Department. 

Appointed Corporal Aug. 1, 
1863 ; Sergeant March 2, 1864 ; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal March 2, 
1864 ; Sergeant May 19, 1865; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 



260 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 



James Dillon.. 



James Powell.. 
Lyman H. Batz. 



Samuel H. Harrison.. 

Lawson Lambert 

William M.Parker... 



William Caldwell.... 



William H.Smith... 



Thomas McHoes 

Allen Blothen 

Robert N. Denham.. . 
Eugene M. Coudry... . 
Horace A. Whitney.. . 

James M. Painter 

John A. Kingman 

William M. Connolly 
Henry McKinnon 



Major Amy 

Jonathan Wright. 



Rank. 



Sergt. 

Corp. 
..do.. 



.do.. 
.do., 
.do.. 



..do... 
..do... 

..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do., 
.do.. 
Mus. 



..do.. 
Wag. 



25 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


O a> 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 3, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 6, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 17, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 4, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 23, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 11, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Oct. 15, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 23, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Sept. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Appointed Corporal March 2, 
1864 ; Sergeant June 10, 1865 ; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Appointed ; promoted to 

Com. Sergeant Dec. 1, 1862. 

Appointed ; discharged 

March 12, 1863, at Louis- 
ville, Ky.; also on roll as 
Lyman H. Bates. 

Appointed ; died July 24, 

1863, at Manchester, Term. 

Appointed ; died Aug. 14, 

1863, at Manchester, Tenn. 

Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1,1863; appointed ; cap- 
tured Sept. 19, 1863, at bat- 
tle of Chickamauga, Ga. ; 
died Aug. 11, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 

Appointed ; captured 

Sept. 19, 1863, at battle of 
Chickamauga, Ga. ; died 
Sept. 18, 1864, in Rebel Pris- 
on at Andersonville, Ga. 

Appointed ; transferred 

to Co. H, 11th Regiment, 
Veteran Reserve Corps, 
April 23, 1864 ; mustered out 
as Sergeant July 19, 1865, at 
Albany, N. Y. 

Appointed March 2,1864 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed March 9,1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed March 9,1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed March 9,1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed March 9,1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed March 9,1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed May 19,1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Appointed June 10, 1865 ; mus- 
tered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 

Transferred to 7th Regiment, 
Veteran Reserve Corps. 
Aug. 17, 1863; mustered out 
June 28. 1865, at Washing- 
ton, D. C, by order of War 
Department. 

Discharged July 18, 1863, at 
Nashville, Terin. 

Discharged Oct. 10, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



261 



Names. 


Rank. 


a! 

be 
< 


Date of 

Entering the 
Service. 


2 > 

£«2 


Remarks. 




Wag. 

Priv. 

...do... 


28 

45 

33 

18 

42 

21 
25 

34 
35 
21 

18 

18 
30 

20 
45 
20 

35 

23 

25 
18 
43 

25 
26 
40 

31 
40 
19 

28 
44 

23 

41 

28 

18 


Oct. 20, 

Oct. 8, 

Nov. 17, 

Sept. 29, 

Oct. 12, 

Oct. 20, 
Oct. 18, 

Oct. 9, 

Sept. 26, 
Nov. 12, 

Oct. 10, 

Mav 25, 
Oct. 8, 

Oct. 27, 
Sept. 26, 
Oct. 28, 

Sept. 18, 

Mch. 29, 

Oct. 13, 
Dec. 5, 
Nov. 30, 

Oct. 9, 
Dec. 1, 

Oct. 14, 

Dec. 2, 
Oct. 1, 
Oct. 6, 

Dec. 2, 

May 25, 

Oct. 7, 
Sept. 13, 
Sept. 15, 

Dec. 16, 


1862 

1862 

1862 

1863 

1862 

1862 
1862 

1862 
1863 
1862 

1862 

1863 
1862 

1862 
1862 
1862 

1862 

1863 

1862 
1863 
1863 

1862 
1862 
1862 

1862 
1862 
1862 

1862 
1863 

1862 

1862 

1862 

1863 


3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 

Julv 9, 1865. 
Discharged Feb. 20, 1863, at 

Louisville, Ky. 


Barber, Gardner 




...do... 


1863. 
Mustered out with company 

Julv 9, 1865. 
Discharged Dec. 8, 1864, at 

Covington, Ky. 




...do... 




...do... 


Brooks, George W 


...do... 
...do... 


Transferred to Co. 1, 1st Reg- 
iment, U. S. Veteran Volun- 
teer Engineers, Aug. 24, 
1864 ; mustered out Sept. 26, 
1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by 
order of War Department. 




...do... 




Caldwell, Adam 

Camp, Charles D 


.do... 

do... 

...do... 


Mustered out with company 

July 9, 1865. 
Discharged Sept. 10, 1863, at 

Nashville, Tenn. 




...do... 


Died Sept. 26, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 

Died Jan. 4, 1863, at Cleve- 
land, O. 

Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 
1863. 

Transferred to Co. F, 7th 


Dangerfield, Edward. 
Darron, Alexander... 


...do... 
...do... 
...do... 




do... 
...do... 


Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Aug. 17, 1863; mus- 
tered out July 26, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, by order 
of War Department. 
Died March 9, 1863, at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 


Duffey, John 

Dunning, Daniel N. . . 


...do... 

do... 

...do... 

...do... 


July 9, 1865. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




...do... 






...do... 


Mustered out with company 


Feoht, Emil 


...do... 
...do... 


July 9, 1865. 




...do... 


Discharged March 7, 1864, at 




...do... 


Cleveland, O. 




...do... 


Discharged Oct. 10, 1863, at 




...do... 


Nashville, Tenn. 
Died March 5, 1863, at Frank- 




...do... 


lin, Tenn. 
Promoted to Hospital Stew- 




...do... 


ard Nov. 19, 1862. 
Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 


Gregory, Charles A.. . 


...do... 


tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 
Killed May 14, 1864, in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 



262 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







a> 


Date of 


6 
■O.S 


• 


Names. 


Rank. 


S£ 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 








Service. 






Hamilton, William B 


Priv. 


33 


Dec. 25, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Harvey, Jacob R 


...do... 


23 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out July 2. 1865. at 
Louisville. Ky., by order of 
War Department." 


Havs, James 


do... 


27 


Nov. 26, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9. 1865. 










Hennessey, James 


do... 


18 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 
1. 1863; discharged June 10, 
1863, at Nashville, Tenn. 


Herrick. Leo 


do... 


20 


Sept. 30, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 








Hewev. Peter 


do... 


21 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Hurlv. John C 


do... 


30 


Sept. 24. 1863 


Captured May 27, 1864, in ac- 
tion at Pickett's Mills, Ga. : 


















died Sept. 1, 1864, in Rebel 












Prison at Andersonville, 












Georgia. 


Hyland, James 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mu-tered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 


Jamison. John 


...do... 


35 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 
1863. 


Johnson, James M.. . . 


...do... 


40 


Sept. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Multered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Johnston, Thomas A.. 


...do... 


26 


Oct. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. F, 7th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Aug. 17, 1863; mus- 
tered out July 26, 1865, at 
Washington, D. Cby order 
of War Department. 


Jones, Thomas H 


..do... 


18 


Oct. 6, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
Julv 9, 1865. 


Kamp, Samuel 


...do... 


33 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Oct. 10, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., of wounds re- 
ceived Sept. 19, 1863, in bat- 
tle of Chickamauga, Ga. 


Kane. John.. 


...do... 


33 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Karker. Jacob H 


do... 


20 


Dec. 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Jacob H. Barker ; 












mustered out with com- 












pany July 9, 1865. 


Koll, Andrew 


...do... 


37 


Sept. 29, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 28, 1865, at 
Camp Dennison. O., by or- 
der of War Department. 


La Fayette, Felix 


...do... 


24 


Sept. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with compauv 
July 9, 1865. 


Lallv. Michael 


.do... 


43 


Nov. 14, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Lucas, Reeves 


do... 


18 


Oct. 30, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










McBain, Bruce D 


...do... 


20 


Nov. 25, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 17, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenii., by order 
of War Department. 


McCabe, James 


...do... 


28 


Sept. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 




McCafferty, William.. 


...do... 


19 


Dec. 4, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with compauv 
July 9. 1865. 


McCartv, Patrick 


do... 


18 


Dec. 28, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


McCluskey . John 


...do.. 


28 


Dec. 16, 1863 


3 yrs. 




McDermot, John 


...do... 


35 


Oct. 9, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Jan. 1, 1865, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Mahanna. Thomas, 


do... 


19 


Oct. 16, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Matterson, Andy 


...do... 


22 


Oct. 15, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B, 1st Reg- 
iment, U. S. Veteran Vol- 
unteer Engineers, Aug. 16, 
1864 ; mustered out Sept. 26, 
1865. at Nashville. Teuu.. by 
order of War Department. 



Ohio Vohcnteer Infantry. 



203 







<0 


Date of 


o o 




Names. 


Rank. 


bo 
< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 


5 9 






Priv. 


20 


Dec. 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Moonev, John 


do... 


44 


Sept. 3, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 














serve Corps Dec. 11, 1863. 




do... 


25 


April 4, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 


Moore, Peter 


do... 


20 


Nov. 7, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 












Murray, Patrick 


...do... 


36 


Oct. 29, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out July 18, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky., by order of 
War Department. 




do... 


44 


Oct. 25, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 23, 1865. at 














Nashville, Tenn., by order 














of War Department. 


Neice, Boltin 


...do... 


24 


Oct. 28, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Nicholson, William. . 


...do... 


29 


Sept. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal Sept. 17, 
1862; promoted to Q. M. 

Sergeant ; reduced to 

ranks Co. H April 8, 1864; 
killed May 27, 1864, in ac- 
tion at Pickett's Mills, Ga. ; 
borne on muster-in roll as 
William Vicholson. 


Noel, Philip 


...do... 


18 


Dec. 5, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 14, 1864, in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 


O'Donnell, Patrick. . . 


...do... 


35 


Oct. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 






do... 


28 


Oct. 7, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 


Pelkey, John 


do... 


32 


Oct. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


July 9, 1865. 


Pendegrass, James... 


...do... 


19 


Sept. 23, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Pepperday .William H 


...do... 


27 


Oct. 6, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Sergeant; dis- 
charged as private Sept. 15, 
1863, at Nashville, Tenn. 


Phelps, John 


do.. . 


25 


Nov. 29, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G Jan. 












1, 1863; mustered out with 














company July 9, 1865. 


Price, Peter 


do... 


18 


Oct. 8, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered "out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 












Reed, John H 


do.. 


44 


Oct. 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 












Roberts, John 


.do... 


41 


June 1, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Roberts, Richard A. . 


do... 


32 


Sept. 26, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Rogers, William B 


...do... 


19 


Oct. 29, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Rouch, Matthias 


...do... 


31 


Nov. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Ryan, James 


do... 


38 


Nov. 2, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 












Rvan , John 


do... 


22 


Oct. 7, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 9, 1865, at 
Madison, Ind., on Surgeon's 


















certificate of disability. 


Ryer, Edward C 


do... 


25 


Dec. 1, 


1863 


3 yrs. 






do. 


23 


Dec. 1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Scritchfield, Daniel. . 


...do... 


19 


Dec. 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
Julv9, 1865. 




do... 


20 


Dec. 20, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Died June 2, 1864, at Chatta- 














nooga, Tenn., of wounds 














received May 9, 1864, in ac- 














tion. 


Shampeaux, Nelson. . 


...do... 


26 


April 6, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Shewark, Joseph E. . . 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Captured Sept. 1, 1863, near 
Poe's Tavern, Tenn.; died 
Nov. 1, 1863, in Rebel Prison 

• at Richmond, Va. 


Smith, Charles 


do... 


28 


Sept. 21, 


1863 


3 yrs. 











264 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 









Date of 


O Q) 

13 ° 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 
< 


Entering the 


O > 


Remarks. 






Service. 


<3 9> 




Smith, Samuel B 


Priv. 


25 


Oct. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 19, 1865, at 
Cincinnati, O., by order of 
War Department. 

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 


Spangler, Basil L 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 19, 


1863 


3 yrs. 














5th Regiment, U. S. Colored 














Infantry, Nov. 17, 1863, from 














which mustered out Sept. 














20, 1865, as Adjutant. 


Spencer, Jonathan L. 


...do... 


31 


May 21, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged May 23, 1864, at 
Nashville, Tenn. 


Staples, Ephraim G. . 


...do... 


20 


April 6, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 


Stringer, Samuel 


...do... 


28 


Sept. 8, 


1862 


3 vrs. 






...do... 


<M 


Sept. 10, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 18, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn. 












...do... 


34 


April 4, 
Oct. 3, 


1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 

Julv 9, 1865. 
Discharged July 1, 1863, at 

Nashville, Tenn. 




...do... 


19 


1862 














...do... 


37 


Nov. 28, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Thompson, Robert... . 


...do... 


33 


Sept. 12, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 2, 1863, at 
Cleveland, O., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disabilitv. 


Webster, William W.. 


...do... 


42 


Oct. 27, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Dec. 31, 1864, at 
Camp Dennison, O. 


Wilcox, William W.. . 


...do... 


35 


Mch. 22, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Wilkeson, George 


...do... 


40 


May 27, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Wolf, Michael 


...do... 


20 


Dec. 23, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 



COMPANY I. 

Mustered in Dec. 30, 1862, at Camp Cleveland, O., by C. O. Howard, Captain 18th In- 
fantry, U. S. A. Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 
Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 
A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



James H. Frost. 



Alvan S. Galbraith. . 

Anthony Caldwell.. . 
Charles E.Wyman... 



Capt. 


29 


...do... 


22 


1st Lt. 


32 


...do... 


19 



Sept. 29, 1862 
Sept. 12, 1862 

Sept. 18, 1862 
Sept. 3, 1862 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



Appointed Dec. 2, 1862; killed 
Nov. 25, 1863, in battle of 
Mission Ridge, Tenn. 

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 
from 1st Sergeant Co. G 
March 19, 1863; to Captain 
July 27, 1864; mustered out 
with company July 9, 1865. 

Appointed Dec. 2, 1862; re- 
signed March 19, 1863. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. E Sept. 8, 1864; com- 
manded Co. K from Sept. 
17 to 30, 1864, and Co. E from 
Oct. 1, 1864, to April 11, 1865 ; 
also Co. K from June 4 to 
July 10, 1865; mustered out 
with company July 9, 1S65, 




•APTAIS ALVAN S. GALBRA1TH. 



< .; 



iPOBLIC JBI - 






Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



265 



Names. 



Albert H. Lewis. 



John C. Smith 

Jackson V. Phillips. 

Enos Halsey 



Charles E. Warren. 



James M. Laird.. . 

Thomas Dickson.. 
Samuel H. Gagus. 
James Cannell 



Albert Witherel. 



John G. Rappe 

George W. Johns. 

Samuel B. Johns. 

John E. Murphy. 
John McCune 



Nicholas Wolfe. . . 



Rank. 



2d Lt, 



...do... 

1st Ser. 



.do.. 



..do.. 

..do.. 

Ser. 
..do.. 
..do.. 

..do.. 



.do.. 



.do. 



.do.. 



Corp. 
..do.. 



.do. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Dec. 1, 1862 

Men. 13, 1863 

Oct. 7, 1862 

Oct. 7, 1862 

Aug. 22, 1862 

Aug. 18, 1862 

Nov. 19, 1862 

Aug. 11, 1862 

Aug. 8, 1862 

Aug. 18, 1862 

Oct. 9, 1862 

Aug. 10, 1862 

Oct. 2, 1862 

Aug. 18, 1862 

Oct. 28, 1862 

Oct. 1, 1862 



O a) 

.2 > 



3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



Resigned March 13, 1863; re- 
commissioned 1st Lieuten- 
ant and appointed Regt. 
Quartermaster to date Dec. 
1,1862. See Field and Staff. 

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 
Co. K March 2, 1864. 

Mustered as private; ap- 
pointed ; killed Sept. 

19, 1863, in battle of Chicka- 
mauga, Ga. 

Appointed Corporal Jan. 20, 
1863 ; Sergeant Aug. 8, 1864 ; 
promoted to Q. M. Sergeant 
June 10, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal April — , 
1863; Sergeant June 5, 1863; 

1st Sergeant ; promoted 

to 1st Lieutenant Co. K 
Feb. 23, 1865. 

Appointed Sergeant Dec. 30, 
1862; 1st Sergeant May 1, 
1865 ; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 

Appointed from private Dec. 
30, 1862; discharged Feb. 1, 
1863, by order of War Dept. 

Appointed Dec. 30, 18G2 ; dis- 
charged Aug. 3, 1864, by or- 
der of War Department. 

Mustered as Corporal ; ap- 
pointed Sergeant : died 

Oct. 4, 1864, at Nashville, 
Tenn., of wounds received 
in action at Rocky Face 
Ridge, Ga. 

Appointed 1st Sergeant Dec. 
30, 1862; reduced to ranks 

; appointed Corporal 

; Sergeant Jan. 10, 1864; 

mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 

Appointed Corporal : Ser- 
geant Aug. 8, 1864 ; mustered 
out with company July 9, 
1865. 

Appoin ted Corporal : Ser- 
geant May 1,1865; mustered 
out with company July 9, 
1865. 

Appointed Corporal ; Ser- 
geant June 10, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
Julv 9, 1865. 

Died Oct. 14, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 

Appointed ; killed May 

27, 1864, in action at Pick- 
ett's Mills, Ga. 

Transferred to Co. 1, 1st Reg- 
iment, U. S. Veteran Volun- 
teer Engineers, Sept. 11, 
1864; mustered out Sept. 26, 
1865, at Nashville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 



266 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 







aj 


Date of 


O 0) 

«.2 




Names. 


Rank. 


bo 
< 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






Service. 


a>® 

PL," 




John Covle 


Priv. 


24 


Aug. 14, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed from teamster 














; discharged May 18, 














1865, by order of War De- 














partment. 


Valentine Weber 


do... 


21 


Oct. 13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Oct. 17, 1863; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


George Trehara. . 


do... 


22 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 5, 1863; mus- 
tered out with company 






















July 9, 1865. 


John P. Butts 


...do... 


27 


Oct. 9, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Sergeant Dec. 30, 

1S62; reduced to ranks : 

appointed Corporal March 
1, 1864 ; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


Oscar Meade 


.do... 


40 


Aug. 8, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Aug. 8, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Hamilton Cushing... 


...do... 


30 


Nov. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G ; 

appointed Corporal March 
1, 1865; mustered out with 
company July 9, 1865. 


William Calvert 


do... 


21 


Oct. 13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed May 1, 1865; mus- 






tered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 


George P. Stafford 


...do... 


24 


Oct. 2, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 10, 1865 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




Mus. 


37 


Nov. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Priucipal Musi- 
cian June 9, 1865. 


Battle, Barnev 


Priv. 


22 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Beecher, Charles 


do... 


21 
17 


Oct. 2, 
Oct. 30, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Boone, William 


do... 


Transferred to Co. E, 7th 






Regiment, Veteran Reserve 














Corps, ; mustered out 














July 26, 1865, at Washing- 














ton", D. C., by order of War 














Department! 


Bowlby, Samuel 


...do... 


26 


Dec. 19, 


1862 


3 vrs. 




Byrne," John 


do... 


32 


Oct. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 


Cahn, Jacob 


.do... 


21 


Aug. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Jacob Kahn; 














discharged Sept. 27, 1864, by 














order of War Department. 


Cavenaugh, Patrick. . 


...do... 


28 


Nov. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 


Chrippendale, Chas. . 


...do. . 


18 


Sept. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Musician ; trans- 
ferred to 1st Kentucky In- 
fantry June 25, 1863. 


Chrisman, John 


do... 


17 


Aug. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged June 9, 1863, by 
order of War Department. 










Cline, John 


do... 


18 
40 


Oct. 17, 
Dec. 10, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Coney, Michael 


do... 


Mustered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 


Connelly, James 


do... 


21 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged to date July 9, 












1865, by order of War De- 














partment. 


Corcoran, William J.. 


...do... 


18 


Oct. 2, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Cordry, John J 


do... 


33 


Aug. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Dailv. John 


do... 


30 


Aug. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 






serve Corps April 1, 1865. 


Dale, Columbus 


do... 


17 


Aug. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 














July 9, 1865. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



267 













o £ 








o> 


Date of 


-c" 




Names. 


Rank. 


bo 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






<J 


Service. 






Decker, Samuel 


Priv. 


43 


Oct. 4, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred from Co. G ; 

discharged July 18, 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa- 
bility. 


Dempsey, Dennis 


...do... 


45 


Aug. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. F, 15th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps, ; mustered out 

Aug. 1, 1865, at Cairo, 111., 
by order of War Depart- 
ment. 


Dickey, William H... . 


...do... 


29 


Sept. 1, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Edwards, William 


...do... 


19 


Oct. 21, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 30, 1864, in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 


Eisner, Martin 


...do... 


26 


Dec. 23, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. E Jan. 1, 
1863 ; also borne on rolls as 
Martin Ellstner. 




...do... 












Fiscus, Thomas 


...do... 


32 


Aug. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with companv 
July 9, 1865. 


Fouts, David 


...do... 


17 


Oct. 10. 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Wounded Dec. 16, 1864, in bat- 
tle of Nashville, Tenn.; 
discharged June 27, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., on Sur- 


























geon's certificate of disa- 














bility. 




do... 


30 


Oct. 17, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 8, 1865, by 
order of War Department. 




do... 


33 


Oct. 29, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Corporal ; dis- 
charged July 18, 1863, by 
order of War Department. 


Hall, John 


do... 


23 

26 


NOV. 18, 
Oct. 29, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Hannen, James 


...do... 




Hannen, John 


...do... 


19 


Nov. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Hedges, James 


do... 


26 


Sept. 30, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged April 18, 1863, by 
order of War Department. 










Hoffer, George 


do... 


40 


Aug. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 












do... 


18 


Nov. 24, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Jenkins, William H. . 


...do... 


23 


Sept. 20, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to 152d Co., 2d 
Battalion, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Jan. 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out July 21, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by order 
of War Department. 


Johnson, Enoch 


do... 


18 


Oct. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died Aug. 30, 1864, in Rebel 






Prison at Andersonville, 














Georgia. 


Johnson, Henry 


do... 


28 


Aug. 18, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Absent . No further rec- 






ord found. 


Johnson, Solomon ... 


...do... 


41 


Aug. 16, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Died June 28, 1863, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


Jones, John W 


do... 


19 

21 


Oct. 21, 
Oct. 31, 


1862 
1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Jones, William 


...do... 




Jones, William H 


...do... 


21 


Oct. 31, 


1862 


3 yrs. 




Kellv, James 


do... 


40 


Oct. 2, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 






serve Corps . 

Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 


Konzen, George 


...do... 


26 


Aug. 22, 


1862 


3 yrs. 














1863. 




do... 


20 


Oct. 14, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 30, 1865, at 














Nashville, Tenn., by order 














of War Department. 


Long, Wesley W 


...do... 


29 


Aug. 13, 


1862 


3 yrs. 





268 



Roster of the 124th Regiment, 









0, 








© 


Date of 


~Jz 




Names. 


Rank. 


U 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






■< 


Service. 






McDonal, Granville M 


Priv. 


19 


Aug. 10, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Granville M. 
McDonald; sent to Nash- 
ville. Tenn. No further 
record found. 


McLaughlin, Patrick. 


...do... 


29 


Nov. 10. 1862 


3 vrs. 




McMahan, Philip 


...do... 


45 


Nov. 10. 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 15,1865, by 

order of War Department. 


Mill*. George W 


do... 


18 


Nov. 15, 1862 


3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 




Montgomery .William 


..do... 


24 


Oct. 31, 1862 


Mustered out with company 












July 9. 1865. 




do... 


21 


Oct. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Henry Mertius; 












mustered out with com- 












panv Julv 9, 1865. 


Murphy, Henry 


...do... 


21 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Muste"red out May 18, 186.5, at 
Camp Dennisori. O.. by or- 
der of War Department. 


Myers, Peter 


...do... 


45 


Sept. 4, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Absent, sick July 1, 1863. No 
further record found. 


Neeley. David 


...do... 


31 


Sept. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 




O'Brien, Thomas 


do... 


31 


Oct. 4, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Price, Joseph R 


...do... 


31 


Oct. 1. 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 24, 1863. by 
order of War Department. 


Quiglev, John 


do.. 


18 


Sept. 29, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 








July 9, 1865. 


Reichert, George 


do... 


21 


Aug. 22, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 

1»63. 
Discharged May 11, 1863, by 


Riley, Michael 


...do... 


22 


Dec. 1, 1862 


3 yrs. 












order of War Department; 












also borne on rolls as Mi- 












chael Reily. 


Roberts, Erasmus — 


...do... 


37 


Aug. 18. 1862 


3 yrs. 




Ryan, Jacob 


..do... 


25 


Sept. 30, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps May 15, 1865. 


Rvan. James 


do... 


18 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 




Ryan, Michael 


...do... 


16 


Aug. 18, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out to date July 9, 
1865, by order of War De- 
partment. 

Mustered as Corporal ; died 


Schock, Samuel 


do... 


34 


Oct. 7, 1862 


3 yrs. 












Nov. 3. 1863, at Chattanoo- 












ga, Tenn. 


Scott. Joseph 


...do... 


28 


Nov. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Jan. 20. 1863. on 
Surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability. 


Shaw. Samuel 


...do... 


35 


Sept. 8, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Died July 30, 1864. in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, 
Georgia. 


Shook, John 


do... 


18 
21 


Dec. 17, 1862 
Nov. 19, 1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 


Simpson, Edward. . . . 


...do... 


1863. 
Absent , at Columbus. O. 












No further record found. 


Sprague, George A... . 


...do... 


20 


Oct. 2, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Stanley, Henry 


...do... 


38 


Aug. 8, 1862 


3 vrs. 




Stewart, John 


do... 


25 


Dec. 19. 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. G Jan. 1, 






1863. 




do... 


45 


Oct. 14, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Discharged July 11, 1863, by 












order of War Department. 


Stocton, James 


do... 


18 


Oct. 20, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 






serve Corps Oct. 29, 1864. 


Sutler, John 


do... 


35 


Nov. 17, 1862 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 1, 1865, by 






order of War Department. 


Terry, James 


do... 


25 
24 


Nov. 13, 1862 
Oct. 1. 1862 


3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 




Teveling, William 


...do... 


Died Aug. 5, 1863, at Tulla- 












homa, Tenn. 




CAPTAIN HIRAM II. MANNING 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



209 



Names. 


Rank. 


6 

be 


Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 


o aJ 

'OB 


Remarks. 


Toohev, Thomas 


Priv. 
...do... 


18 
21 
19 
45 
32 

25 

26 

21 
31 

24 
27 

19 

18 


Oct. 
Nov. 
Aug. 
Oct. 
Oct. 

Dec. 

Oct. 

Nov. 
Dec. 

Dec. 
Nov. 

Oct. 

Aug. 


10, 
27, 
25, 

14, 

8. 

30, 
8, 

21. 
15, 

19, 
15, 

18, 

17, 


1862 
1863 
1862 
1862 
1862 

1862 
1862 

1862 
1863 

1862 
1862 

1862 

1862 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 

July 9, 1865. 
Discharged Nov. 1, 1864, by 

order of War Department. 
Mustered out with company 

July 9, 1865. 
Died April 2, 1863, at Nash- 




...do... 




...do.. . 


Welch, Patrick 


...do... 


ville, Tenn. 
Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 
tered out May 2, 1865, by 
order of War Department. 




. ..do... 


White, Sylvester 

Williams, Peter B 
Wilson, Albert A, .. 
Woodworth, Spencer 
R 


...do... 

.do... 
do... 

...do... 


1863. 
Returned to Co. G,59th 0. V. 
I., July 8, 1863, where he 
had previously enlisted. 

Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




...do... 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Louisville, Ky., by order of 
War Department. 

Mustered as Corporal ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Transferred to Co. E, 7tb 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Sept. 16, 1863; mus- 
tered out July 26, 1865, at 
Washington, D. C, by or- 
der of War Department. 




...do... 


Young, Leonidas 


do... 



COMPANY K. 

Mustered in from June to September, 1863, at Columbus, O., by A. F. Bond, Captain 2d 

Infantry, U. S. A. Mustered out July 9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., by Philip 

Reefy, Captain 19th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry and 

A. C. M. 3d Division, 4th Army Corps. 



Hiram H. Manning. 



William Treat. 



John C. Smith 

Charles E. Warren... 



Capt. 


21 


1st Lt. 


34 


do... 


33 


...do... 


38 



Dec. 2, 1862 

Aug. 9, 1862 

Mch. 13, 1863 
Aug. 22, 1862 



3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



Promoted from 1st Lieuten- 
ant Co. D Nov. 10, 1863 ; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. A Sept. 3, 1863; ap- 
pointed Regt. Quartermas- 
ter Feb. 5, 1864. 

Promoted from 2d Lieuten- 
ant Co. I March 2, 1864 ; to 
Captain Co. F Feb. 23, 1865. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant 
Co. I Feb. 23, 1865; com- 
manded Co. I from March 
9, to April 10, 1865; ap- 
pointed Adjutant April 10, 
1865. 



270 



Roster of the 124th Regiment , 













O 0) 








o5 


Date of 


■O.H 




Names. 


Rank. 


tx 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 








Service. 






Frederick Hagando- 














bler 


2d Lt. 


28 


Dec. 30, 


1861 


3 yrs. 


Promoted from Corporal Co. 
A, 128th O. V. I.. Feb. 6, 
























1863 ; commission returned ; 














recommissioned May 1, 














1863; resigned March 10, 














1864. 


Nathan G. Sutliff 


1st Ser. 


28 


Aug. 19, 


1862 


3 yrs. 


Transferred as Corporal from 
Co. B Feb. 2, 1864; ap- 
pointed 1st Sergeant April 
22. 1864; mustered out June 
9, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., 
by order of War Depart- 
ment. 


Samuel Shaher 


do... 


19 


June 15, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal March 1, 
1864 ; Sergeant March 1, 1865 ; 
























1st Sergeant June 10, 1865; 














mustered out with com- 














pany Julv 9. 1865. 


Daniel M. Kurtz 


Sergt. 


18 


June 16, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Feb. 20, 1865, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 


James McDowd 


...do... 


27 


Sept. 1, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Camp Dennisoii, O., by or- 
der of War Department. 


Charles W. Everett.. . 


...do... 


20 


Aug. 12, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed March 1, 1864; 
mustered out July 13, 1865. 


William Clark 


do... 


24 


June 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal" March 1, 
1865 ; Sergeant June 10, 18G5 ; 
























mustered out July 9, 1865, 














at Philadelphia, Pa., by or- 














der of War Department. 


John Walsh 


Corp. 


41 


July 7, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Camp Dennisori. O.. by or- 
der of War Department. 


Oliver Caslin 


. .do. . 


18 


Sept. 3, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


John Gibson 


...do.. 


28 


Aug. 12, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


John J. Delahunty 


...do... 


32 


Aug. 1, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Jutte 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9. 1865. 


Orrin Marvin 


...do. . 


18 


Aug. 31, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Frederick Fowser. . . . 


...do... 


23 


July 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed June 1, 1865; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 9. 1865. 


Charles Brainard. . . 


Mus. 


25 


Aug. 19, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Loren Brainard 


.do. 


20 


July 30, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Andrews, John 


Priv. 


20 


Aug. 10, 


1863 


3 yrs. 






do... 


22 


Aug. 24, 


1868 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Avery, George 


..do... 


22 


June 15, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Baxter, Hugh 


...do... 


29 


July 13, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9,1865. 


Birch, William.. 


...do. 


28 


July 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps . 


Brown, James 


...do. . 


21 


June 14, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Campbell, William. . . 


. .do.. 


24 


July 21, 


1863 


3 yrs. 






do... 


20 


July 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 9, 1864, in battle 
of Rocky Face Ridge, Ga. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



271 







<u 


Date of 


O (J 

«5 




Names. 


Rank. 


be 
< 


Entering the 


o > 


Remarks. 






Service. 






Clark, John 


Priv. 


18 


June 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died March 21, 1864, in Rebel 




Prison at Richmond, Va. 


Clark. William C 


do... 


43 


July 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Absent, sick May is, 1864. No 
further record found. 


Click. George 


...do... 


19 


July 15, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Aug. 28, 1864. ;it 
Columbus, O., on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Connel. John 


...do... 


32 


Aug. 31, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 18, 1865, at 
Camp Dennison. O.. by or- 
der of War Department. 


Cotter. William 


do... 


27 
19 


June 12, 1863 
June 14, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Covn, Thomas 


.do... 






do... 


18 


Sept. 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Dorn, Peter 


do.. . 


19 


Sept. 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 










Duseuberry, John 


...do... 


19 




3 yrs. 


Returned to Co. K, 32d Regi- 








ment O. V. I., where he had 












previously enlisted. 


Emerick, Charles 


...do... 


19 


Sept. 2,1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9,1865. 


Ford, John 


...do... 


34 


July 20, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 12, 1864. at 
Washington, D. C on Sur- 
geon's certificate of disa 
bility. 


Fox, John 


do.. . 


22 
23 


June 14, 1863 
Aug. 31, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




do... 


Died Nov. 6,1864, at New Al- 












bany, Ind. 


Gibson, George 


do... 


21 


May 18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. K. 5th 












Regiment, Veteran Reserve 












Corps, ; mustered out 












July 19, 1865, at Indianapo- 












lis, Ind., by order of War 












Department. 


Gillet, James 


...do... 


43 


June 11, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Gunshorn, William 


do... 


18 


Sept. 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Haman, David 


...do... 


24 


Sept. 14, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as David Hanan. 


Hamil, Owen 


...do... 


31 


Sept. 10, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as Orrin Hummel. 


Hennie, John W 


...do... 


43 


Aug. 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 31, 1865, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department. 


Holshocker, Lewis .. . 


...do... 


18 


Aug. 26, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Jumont, George R. 


do... 


17 


Aug. 31, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865; also borne on 
rolls as Andrew G. Jumout. 


Kearns, William 


...do... 


18 


June 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 7, 1863, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., for 
minority. 


Lewis, Frank 


do.. 


21 
40 


July 23, 1863 
July 20, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Lloyd, John 


...do... 


Discharged Aug. 18, 1864, at 












Columbus, O.. on Surgeon's 












certificate of disability. 


Lytle, James W 


...do... 


44 


Aug. 10, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Co. B," 5th 
Regiment, Veteran Reserve 

Corps ; mustered out 

July 17, 1865, at Indianapo- 
lis, Ind., by order of War 
Department. 


McDonald, John 


do... 


32 
18 


Aug. 31, 1863 
July 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Martin, Joseph 


do... 


Died March 21, 1865, at Nash- 






ville, Tenn. 


Martin, William 


...do... 


35 


June 4, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 



272 



Roster of the 124th Regiment ', 







<a 


Date of 


O 0J 

■a .2 




Names. 


Rank. 


bt> 


Entering the 


> 


Remarks. 






•< 


Service. 






Mayberry, John 


Priv. 


17 


Aug. 27, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps Oct. 7, 1864. 


Mesmer, Andrew 


do... 


19 


Aug. 26, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps Sept. 20, 1864. 


Miller, George 


do... 


25 


June 11, 1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 




Miller, John 


do... 


18 


June 11, 1863 


Captured Jan. 18, 1864, in ac- 












tion near Dandridge.Teun. 












No further record found. 


Moreland, William. . . 


do... 


41 


July 22, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Morris William 


do... 


19 


Aug. 25, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Morrison, George 


do... 


18 


Sept. 2, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps ; mustered 

out July 25, 1865, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., by order of 
War Department. 


Munson, George 


do... 


19 


Aug. 4, 1863 
June 2, 1863 


3 yrs. 






do... 


30 


3 yrs. 






do... 


41 


Jan. 9, 1864 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 












July 9, 1865. 


Nieharson, Sage 


do... 


18 


July 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 7, 1863, at 










Chattanooga, Tenn., for 












minority. 


O'Brien, Martin 


.do... 


28 


June 6, 1863 


3 yrs. 




O'Neil, Edward 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died June 24, 1864, of wounds 
received in action. 


Quin, Martin 


do... 


36 


Sept. 12, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 








Quinlan, James 


do... 


30 


Aug. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Wounded Dec. 16, 1864, in bat- 












tle of Nashville, Tenn.; 












mustered out June 27, 1865, 












at Louisville, Ky., by order 












of War Department. 


Randall, William 


...do... 


33 


July 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 






do... 


21 


Aug. 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died June 9, 1864, in Rebel 






Prison at Andersonville, 












Georgia. 




do... 


20 


July 21, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Santeman, William . . 


. . .uo.. . 


19 


July 19, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Nov. 7, 1863, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., for 
minority. 


Saunders, George. .. 


...do... 


19 


Aug. 15, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Dec. 9, 1863, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 


Shaub, Jacob 


do... 


44 


July 23, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out June 28, 1865, 






at Camp Chase, O., by or- 












der of War Department. 


Sims, Joseph 


do... 


30 


Aug. 1, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Nov. 5, 1863, of wounds 






received in action at Chat- 












tanooga, Tenn. 


Skill, Charles 


do... 


22 
44 


June 18, 1863 
Jan. 14, 1864 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 


Mustered as Charles Still. 


Snyder, Jacob 


do... 


Mustered out with company 










July 9, 1865. 




do... 


19 


Aug. 18, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Appointed Corporal March 
1, 1865 ; reduced July 1 , 1865 ; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 9, 1865. 


Stewart, Alexander. . 


...do... 


40 


July 7, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed May 14, 1864, in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 


Sutton, "William 


do... 


44 


June 16, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged Sept. 24, 1864, at 










Cleveland, O., on Surgeon's 












certificate of disability. 


Teel, Melanchthon... . 


...do... 


40 


Aug. 24, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 


Tefft, William 


...do... 


18 


June 3, 1863 


3 yrs. 




Thompson, Thomas.. 


...do... 


38 


July 3, 1863 


3 yrs. 


Killed Sept. 19, 1863, in battle 
of Chickamauga, Ga. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



273 













o o3 










Date of 


■d .2 




Names 


Rank. 


< 


Entering the 


.2 > 


Remarks. 






Service. 


S3 u 




Thompson, William B 


Priv. 


18 


July 3, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Died Feb. 2, 1865, of wounds 
received in action. 


Veoness, William — 


...do... 


44 


July 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered as William Van 
Ness; transferred to Co. C, 
4th Regiment, Veteran Re- 
serve Corps, ; mus- 
tered out July 31, 1865, at 
Springfield, 111., by order of 
War Department. 


Waggoner, Frederick. 


...do... 


24 


June 11, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Discharged March 10, 1S65, at 
Cleveland, 0.,on Surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 


Wallace, Thomas .... 


do... 


30 


Sept. 5, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Absent, sick since May 3, 
1864. No further record 
found. 


Waterman, John 


...do... 


22 


June 7, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Weber, John 


...do... 


34 


July 4, 


1863 


3 yrs. 




Williams, Henry 


do... 


18 


July 24, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 




...do... 


W, 


July 24, 


1863 


3 yrs. 






...do... 


9A 


Aug. 30, 


1863 


3 yrs. 


Promoted to Sergt. Major 
March 1, 1865. 












...do... 


5ffl 


Sept. 1, 


1863 


3 yrs. 






...do... 


43 




1863 


3 yrs. 


Mustered out with company 
July 9, 1865. 














...do... 


18 


Sept. 10, 
July 10, 


1863 


3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 






...do... 


18 


1863 


Mustered out May 30, 1865, at 
Camp Dennison, O., by or- 






















der of War Department. 



UNASSIGNED RECRUITS. 



Armstrong, Henry 

Armstrong, Henry A. 

Bell, William 

Bradley, Bernard 

Brinnen , Henry C 

Byer, George 

Cuttings, Purtran W. 

Duval, William 

Eletson, Charles 

Forall, Michael 

Forest, John 

Forrest, William 

Foster. Hiram 



Priv. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 



Feb. 23, 1864 
Nov. 24, 1863 
Oct. 27, 1863 
Oct. 20, 1864 
Nov. 20, 1863 
Sept. 22, 1863 
May 28, 1863 
April 25, 1863 
Dec. 15, 1863 
April 25, 1863 
Sept. 28, 1863 
April 29, 1863 
Jan. 27, 1864 



3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 


3 yrs. 



to 



No record subsequent 

Feb. 26, 1864. 
No record subsequent 

Dec. 11, 1863. 
No record subsequent 

Nov. 3, 1863. 
No record subsequent 

Oct. 22, 1864. 
No record subsequent 

Nov. 27, 1863. 
No record subsequent 

Oct. 19, 1863. 
No record subsequent 

June 3, 1863. 
No record subsequent 

April 30, 1863. 
No record subsequent 

Jan. 6, 1864. 
No record subsequent 

April 30, 1863. 
Died Oct. 28, 1863, at Louis- 
ville, Ky. 
No record subsequent to 

May 11, 1863. 
No record subsequent to 

Feb. 11, 1864. 



to 



18 



274: 



Foster of the 124th Regiment. 



Names. 



Gates, Charles A. 
Gere, Elmore 



Hart, Larius. 



Hucke, George V... . 

Kiney, Robert 

Lapin, Arthur 

McCabe, Michael. . . 
McForley, John — 
Murphy, Michael.. . 

Neff, Johu 

Pollard, John J 

Rennick, Thomas.. 
Riel, August 



Rose, Patrick. . . 
Ross, John M.. . 



Sartis, Joseph. . . 

Shea, John 

Smith, Henry I. . 

Tacy, Peter 

Tilley, William.. 
Wagner, Frank... 
Walter, George... 
Wilson, Thomas. 



Rank. 



Priv. 
..do. 



.do. 



..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 
..do.. 



Wood, Charles 

Wright, George. . . 



..do. 
..do. 
..do. 
..do. 
..do. 
..do. 
..do. 
..do. 



.do. 
.do. 



Date of 

Entering the 

Service. 



Feb. 22, 1864 
Dec. 19, 18G3 

Dec. 19, 1863 



Dec. 17, 
Feb. 23, 
Nov. 21, 
Sept. 5, 
Jan. 22, 
Oct. 16, 
Mch. 30, 
Feb. 20, 
Nov. 30, 
April 21, 

Dec. 10, 

April 25, 

Dec. 22, 
Jan. 22, 
May 30, 
Dec. 16, 

April 21, 
Dec. 2, 
Nov. 18, 
Jan. 4, 



1863 

1864 

1863 

1863 

1864 

1863 

1864 

1864 

1863 

1863 

1863 
1863 

1863 

1864 

1863 

1863 

1863 

1863 

1863 

1864 



o o 
o > 



April 24, 1863 
Feb. 19, 1864 



3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 vrs. 
3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 
3 yrs. 



Remarks. 



No record subsequent to 

March 5, 1864. 
Died Jan. 29, 1864, in field 

hospital near Chattanooga, 

Tennessee. 
Mustered as Darius Hart. 

No record subsequent to 

Jan. 11, 1864. 
No record subsequent to 

Dec. 28, 1863. 
No record subsequent to 

March 15, 1864. 
Died Jan. 14, 1864, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 



No record subsequent to 
Jan. 25, 1864. 

No record subsequent to 
Oct. 21,1863. 

Died June 17, 1864, at Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Died May 24, 1864, at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 

No record subsequent to 
Dec. 16, 1863. 

No record subsequent to 
April 30, 1863. 

No record subsequent to 

April 30, 1863. 
No record subsequent to 

Jan. 6, 1864. 
No record subsequent to 

Jan. 25, 1864. 
No record subsequent to 

June 25, 1863. 
No record subsequent to 

Jan. 6, 1864. 
No record subsequent to 

April 30, 1863. 
No record subsequent to 

Jan. 6, 1864. 
No record subsequent to 

Nov. 21, 1863. 
Discharged Feb. 27, 1864, at 

Columbus, O., on Surgeon's 

certificate of disability. 
No record subsequent to 

April 30, 1863. 



Roll of Honor 

OR TH E 

124th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



Compiled from Publications of the U. S. War Department and 
Other Official Sources. 



Names. 

A lil iy, Reuben L 

Alliiiger, John 

Anderson, John 

Atkins, William 

Aumend, George W. . 

Baird, Alexander 

Ball, William 

Barnes, Trace L 

Bartlett, Edward G.. 

Bartlett, John H 

Baumgardner, Frank. 
Beechan, Joseph A... . 



Co. 


Rank. 


c 

G 


Corp. 
Priv. 


C 


Priv. 


B 


Corp. 


D 


Capt. 


G 


Priv. 


G 


Priv. 


C 


Mus. 


A 


Corp. 


A 


Priv. 


D 


Priv. 


F 


Priv. 



Died 




Feb. 
Dec. 


16, 

3, 


1864 
1863 


Aug. 


3, 


1864 


Sept. 


19, 


1863 


May 


-, 


1864 


Sept. 


19, 


1863 


Aug. 


13, 


1863 


Oct. 


27, 


1863 


Aug. 


5, 


1864 


Mch 


10, 


1863 


July 


6, 


1863 


July 


5, 


1864 



Buried. 



Nashville, Tenn 

Chattanooga, Tenn 



Chattanooga, Tenn 

Nashville, Tenn 

Richmond, Va 

Nashville, Tenn 

Murfreesboro,Tenn 
Nashville, Tenn 



Remarks. 



Died of worinds 
received/Nov. 
25, 1863/in bat- 
tle of Mission 
Ridge, Tenn. 
Interred in 
sec. D, grave 
144. 

Interred in sec- 
tion F, grave 
279. 

Killed in battle 
of Chiekamau- 
ga, G&.y 

Died at Ply- 
mouth, Ashta- 
bula County, 
Ohio. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion E, grave 
404. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in Stone 
River Ceme- 
tery. 

Interred in sec- 
tion D, grave 
86. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 



(275) 



276 Roll of Honor of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 


Co. 


Rank. 


Died. 


Buried. 


Remarks. 


Bennett, Robert 


F 


Priv. 


Men. 6, 1864 


Richmond, Va 


Died in Rebel 
Prison. 


Benton. George 


B 


Priv 


Sept. 19, 1863 












of Chickamau- 












ga, Ga. 




K 


Priv. 


Nov. 10, 1862 






Bnshon, Orange C 


C 


Priv. 


May 27, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 




E 


Priv. 


Jan. 5, 1863 


Louisville, Ky 


Interred in Cave 
Hill Ceme- 
tery. 

Died in Rebel 


Caldwell, William.... 


H 


Corp. 


Sept. 18, 1864 


Andersonville, Ga.. 












Prison. 


Canuell, James 


I 


Sergt. 


Oct. 4. 1864 


Nashville, Term. ... 


Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion at Rocky 
Face Ridge", 
Georgia. 




V 


Sergt. 
Priv. 


June 23, 1S63 






Casey, John 





Nov. 25, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Killed in battle 












of Mission 












Ridge, Tenn. 


Chandler, Matthew T. 


E 


Priv. 


Aug. 14, 1864 


Andersonville, Ga.. 


Died in Rebel 
Prison. In- 
terred in grave 
5548. 


Chapman, Lucius H.. 


B 


Priv. 


April 16, 1863 


Nashville, Tenn 




Chappel, James, Jr. . . 


E 


Priv. 


June 23, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Killed in action 
at K e n e s a w 
Mountain, Ga. 


Cheney, Leander 


G 


Priv. 


Nov. 3, 1S63 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Interred in sec- 
tion A, grave 
331. 




K 


Priv. 


May 9, 1864 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Killed in battle 




of Rockv Face 












Ridge, Ga. 


Clark, Jewett 


K 


Priv. 


July 26, 1863 


Murfreesboro,Tenn. 


Died at Tulla- 












homa, Tenn. 












Interred in 












sec. K, grave 












51, Stone River 












Cemetery. 




K 


Priv. 


Mch. 21, 1864 


Richmond, Va 


Died in Rebel 




Prison. 


Clark, Legrand P 


E 


Priv. 


Nov. 18, 1864 


Cleveland, 




Clark, Samuel 


H 


Priv. 


Sept. 26, 1864 


Andersonville, Ga.. 


Died in Rebel 
Prison. In- 
terred in grave 
9772. 


Cole, Lucius E 


E 


Priv. 


May 27, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 


Coramy, Joseph 


F 


Priv. 


Sept. 19, 1863 




Killed in battle 








of Chickamau- 












ga, Ga. 


Cornwall, Willis 


A 


Priv. 


May 15, 1864 


Chattanooga, Tenn . 


Killed in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 


Crapser, John W. 


F 


Sergt. 


Sept. 19, 1863 




Killed in battle 






of Chickamau- 












ga, Ga. 


Crocker, Mvron 


E 


Priv. 


Mch. 30, 1863 


Nashville, Tenn 


Interred in sec- 
tion E, grave 
654. 




B 


Priv. 


Jan. 13, 1864 




Died at Homer, 






Medina Coun- 












ty, 0. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



l'77 



Names. 



Cutler, William 

Damon, James 

Dangerfield, Edward 
Daub, Peter 

Daugherty, Lyman F 
Dauson. William 



Dempsey,Terrence A. 

Devan. Charles A 



Doyle, John. 



Ducey, Michael 

Edwards, William.. . 

Eukers, Samuel 

Everett, Ambrose M. 

Fallen, Owen. 



Ferguson, Samuel .. 

Finney, William O... 
Flickinger, Morris... 



Co. 


Rank. 


G 


Corp. 


B 


Priv. 


H 
D 


Priv. 
Priv. 


B 


Priv. 


D 


Sergt. 


E 


1st Lt. 


H 


Priv. 


H 


Sergt. 


C 


Priv. 


I 


Priv. 


E 


Priv. 


B 


Priv. 


G 


Priv. 


C 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


B 


Priv. 



Died. 



Aug. 17. L863 



Men. 26. 1863 



Jan. 4, 1863 
Oct. 10, 1863 



Sept. 19, 18G3 
Mch. 10, 1864 

Dec. 16, 1804 
Mch. 9, 1863 

Oct. 10, 1863 

May 27, 1864 

Aug. 30, 1864 
Dec. 9, 1864 
June 8, 1864 

Mch. 12, 1863 

May 31, 1864 

Feb. 1, 1864 
Nov. 25, 1863 



Buried. 



Murfreesboro,Tenn. 



Mnrfreesboro.Tenu. 



Cleveland, O..-. 

Chattanooga, Tenn 

Murfreesboro.Tenn 
Nashville, Tenn.... 



Murfreesboro,Tenn 



Chattanooga, Tenn. 



Marietta, Ga 

Andersonville, Ga.. 
Andersonville, Ga. 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Murfreesboro,Tenn 



New Albany, Ind.. 



Remarks. 



Chattanooga, Tenn 



Interred in sec- 
tion J, grave 
287, Stone Riv- 
er Cemetery. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenu. In- 
terred in Stone 
River Ceme- 
tery. 

Died of wounds 
received Sept. 
19, 1863, in bat- 
tle of Chicka- 
mauga. Ga. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Teun. In- 
terred in Stone 
River Ceme- 
tery. 

Killed in battle. 
Interred in 
sec. G, grave 
403. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in Stone 
River Ceme- 
tery. 

Died of wounds 
received Sept. 
19, 1863, iu bat- 
tle of Chicka- 
mauga, Ga. In- 
terred in sec- 
tion A, grave 
296. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenu. In- 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 52, 
Stone P i v e r 
Cemetery. 

Died at Jeffer- 
sonville, Ind. 
Interred iu 
sec. B, grave 
517. 

Died at Clinton 
Cross Roads, 
Tennessee. 

Killed in battle 
of Mission 
Ridge, Tenn. 



278 Roll of Honor of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 


Co. 


Rank. 


Died. 


Buried. 


Remarks. 


Forest, Johu 


* 


Priv. 


Oct. 28, 1863 


Louisville, Kv 


[nterred in sec- 
tion B, row 16, 
grave 19, Cave 

Hill Ceme- 
tery. 


Forsyth, James W.... 


C 


Priv. 


Nov. 25, 1S62 


Cleveland, 




French. Lorenzo G. . . 


B 


Priv. 


April 14. 1863 


Murfreesboro,Tenn. 


Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in Stone 
River Ceme- 
tery. 


Fritz, Dexter 


B 


Priv. 


June 5, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Died* of wounds 




received in 












battle of Dal- 












las, Ga. In- 












terred in sec. 












G. grave 803. 


Fritz, Jacob 


A 


Priv. 


July 18, 1864 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Died of wounds 




received in ac- 












tion near Re- 












saca, Ga. In- 












terred in sec. 












F. grave 31. 


Fritz, John 


C 


Priv. 


Nov. 28, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Died of wounds 




received in ac- 












tion. Interred 












in section D, 












grave 174. 


Frost, James H 


I 


Capt. 


Nov. 26, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Died of wounds 
received Nov. 
25, 1863, in lit- 
tle of Mission 
Ridge, Tenn. 


Garzee, Eben W 


A 


Corp. 


Nov. 12, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn 


Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 


Gauntlev, Hugh 


K 


Priv. 


Nov. 6, 1864 


New Albany, Ind. . . 




Gere, Elmore 


* 


Priv. 


Jan. 29, 1864 


Chattanooga, Tenn 


Interred in sec- 












tion H, grave 












310. 


Giflord, Thomas S.... 


A 


Priv. 


May 27, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills. Ga. 


Goble, Darwin S 


H 


Priv. 


Men. 5, 1863 


Murfreesboro,Tenn. 


Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 48, 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 




D 


Priv. 


July 9, 1863 


Nashville, Tenn. .. . 




Gould, John W 


A 


Priv. 


Sept. 12, 1864 


Andersonville, Ga. 


Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 










9566. 


Gregory. Charles A.. . 


H 


Priv. 


May 14, 1864 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 'Killed in battle 










of Resaca, Ga. 


Grobe, Christian 


F 


Priv. 


Dec. 9. 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. Interred in sec- 












tion D, grave 












341. 


Haines, David B 


B 


Priv. 


April 5, 1863 


Nashville, Tenn 




Halterman, Matthias. 


C 


Priv. 


Dec. 26, 1862 


Cleveland, 




Hampson, James B. . . 




Major 


Mav 27, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills. Ga. In- 
terred in sec- 
tion A, grave 

AA. 



Unassigned. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



279 



Karnes. 



Harrison, John Q. 



Harrison, Samuel H. 



Hart, Jehu 

Haskins, Lyman G... . 

Henry, Harrison F... . 

Herr, Benjamin 

Hicks, Egbert 

Hodgeman, David P. . 
Homan, Edward 

Hoover, John 

Hopwood, John 

Hudson , James 

Hufton, William 

Hurley, John C 

Hutchinson, James O 

Irwin, John B 

Johnson, Enoch 

Johnson, Solomon 

Johnson, Thomas 

Kamp, Samuel 

Kenfield, Henry 

Knerim, Oswelt 



Co. 


Rank. 


D 


Priv. 


H 


Corp. 


F 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


A 


1st Ser. 


A 


Priv. 


c 

A 
D 


Priv. 

Priv. 
Priv. 


D 

C 


Priv. 
Priv. 


D 


Priv. 


F 


Priv. 


H 


Priv. 


D 


Corp. 


C 


Capt. 


I 


Priv. 


I 
C 


Priv. 

Priv. 


H 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


E 


Priv. 



Died. 



April 14, 1863 



July 24, 1863 

Nov. 2, 1863 
Jan. 14. 1864 

Sept. 10, 1863 

Aug. 12, 1864 

Xov. -1-1, 1864 
Mch. 17. 1863 
April 23, 186S 

Mch. in. 1864 
Aug. 7, 1S64 

May 27, 1864 

Aug. 10. 1863 

Sept. 1, 1864 

April 8, 1864 
June 24, 1S64 
Aug. 30, 1864 



June 28, 1863 
Feb. -2S. 1864 



Oct. 10, 1863 

Sept. 19, 1863 
Autr. 18, 1864 



Buried. 



Murfreesboro,Tenn 



Murfreesboro,Teun. 



Richmond, Va 

Nashville, Tenn.... 

Nashville, Tenn.... 

Nashville, Tenn.. .. 
Nashville, Tenn.... 
Knoxville, Tenn. . . 

Nashville, Tenn.... 
Nashville, Tenn.... 

Marietta, Ga 

Murfreesboro.Tenn 



Andersonville, Ga. 



Knoxville, Tenn. . 



Remarks. 



Andersonville, Ga.. 



Nashville, Tenn... 
Chattanooga, Tenn 



Chattanooga, Tenn 



Chattanooga, Tenn 



Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 10, 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Died at Ma n- 
chester, Tenn. 
Interred in 
sec. K, grave 
171, Stone Riv- 
er Cemetery. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. 

Interred in sec- 
tion E, grave 
42. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Interred iu sec- 
tion J, grave 
525. 



Died at Bull's 
Gap, Tenn. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion K, grave 
172, Stone Riv- 
er Cemetery. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. In- 
terred in 
grave 9622. 

Interred in sec- 
tion 6, grave 
135. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
7308. 

Interred in sec- 
tion A, grave 
135. 

Died of wounds 
received Sept. 
19, 1863, in bat- 
tle of Chicka- 
mauga, Ga. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Died of acciden- 
tal wounds. 



280 



Roll of Honor of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 



Konzen, George 

Kurtz, Daniel M 
Lalumiere, Alphonse. 

Lambert, Lawson — 

Lang. Henry B 

Lapin. Arthur 

Lent. Nelson 

Litchfield, John 

Lowe. Alexander B.. . 

Lowry, Henry E 

Luce, Christopher. . . . 
Lynch, John 

Lyndon, John 

McBane, Charles A. . . 
McCormick, John J.. 

McCort, James 

McCune, John 

McDermit, John 

Mcintosh, James 

Martin, John 

Martin, Joseph 



Co. 


Rank. 


G 


Priv. 


K 


Sergt. 


G 


Priv. 


H 


Corp. 


F 


Corp. 


* 


Priv. 


H 


Sergt. 


A 


Priv. 


B 


Priv. 


H 


Sergt. 


D 
C 


Priv. 
Corp. 


G 


Priv. 


C 
D 


Priv. 
. Priv. 


C 


Priv. 


I 


Corp. 


H 


Priv. 


C 


Priv. 


B 


Priv. 


K 


Priv. 



Died 




April 23, 


1863 


Feb. 20, 


1865 


Aug. 28, 


1863 


Aug. 14, 


1863 


May 14, 


1864 


Jan. 14, 


1864 


Sept. 19, 


1863 


Nov. 25, 


1863 


July 13, 


1863 


Sept. 19, 


1863 


Mch. 17, 
June 26, 


1865 
1864 


June 10, 


1863 


May 10, 
May 8, 


1864 
1865 


June 29, 


1864 


May 27, 


1864 


Jan. 1, 


1865 


Nov. 20, 


1863 


June 3, 


1864 


Mch. 21, 


1865 



Buried. 



Nashville, Tenn 

Nashville, Tenn 

Murfreesboro,Tenn. 

Murfreesboro,Tenn, 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Nashville. Tenn 

Annapolis, Md 

Marietta, Ga 

Louisville, Ky 

Nashville, Tenn 

Louisville, Ky 

Nashville, Tenn 

Marietta, Ga 

Nashville, Tenn 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Marietta, Ga 

Nashville, Tenn 



Remarks. 



Interred in sec- 
tion E, grave 
1153. 

Interred in sec- 
tion H. grave 
330. 

Died at Man- 
chester. Tenn. 
Interred in 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Died at Man- 
chester, Tenn. 
Interred in 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. Interred 
in section K, 
grave 231. 

Interred in sec- 
tion D, grave 
48. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Killed in battle 
of Mission 
Ridge, Tenn. 

Interred in sec- 
tion E, grave 
803. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison at At- 
lanta, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion B. row 3, 
grave 62, Cave 
Hill Ceme- 
tery, 

Interred in Cave 
Hill Ceme- 
tery. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion G, grave 
667. 

Interred in sec- 
tion A. grave 
115. 

Died at Dallas, 
Ga., of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Interred in sec- 
tion J. grave 
1095. 



* Unassigned. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



281 



Names. 



Martin, William 

Maskall, Thomas 

Matthews, Henry 

Meheo, Edward 

Miller. Silas F 

Moon, Charles E 

Morse, Sylvester 

Murphy, John E 

Murphy, Patrick 

Neff.John 

Nelson, Francis 

Nicholson, William 

Noel, Philip 

Obernour, Frederick 



O'Brien, Andrew. 
O'Neil, Edward.. 



Palmer. William L. 
Parker, William M. 



Parker, Zenas D. 



Parsons, George F. 
Payne, Samuel B... 



Co. 


Rank. 


K 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


C 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


E 


Priv. 


E 


Priv. 


D 


Priv. 


I 
C 


Corp. 
Priv. 


* 


Priv. 


G 


Priv. 


H 


Priv. 


H 


Priv. 


G 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


K 


Priv. 


B 
H 


Priv. 
Corp. 


E 


Priv. 


A 


Corp. 


C 


1st Lt. 



Died 




Sept. 19, 


1863 


June 27, 


1864 


Sept. 19, 


1863 


May 27, 


1864 


April 8, 


1863 


July 7, 


1864 


June 5, 


1864 


Oct. 14, 
April 14, 


1803 
1865 


June 17, 


1864 


Oct. 0, 


1863 


May 27, 


1864 


May 14, 


1864 


April 16, 


1863 


May 27, 


1864 


June 24, 


1864 


Mch. 8, 
Aug. 11, 


1863 
1864 


Sept. 14, 


1864 


May 27, 


1864 


Dec. 16, 


1864 



Buried. 



Nashville, Tenn 

Marietta, Ga 

Murfreesboro .Tenia 

New Albany, Ind. . . 

Chattanooga, Tenn 
Andersonville, Ga.. 

Louisville, Ky 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Marietta, Ga 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Murfreesboro ,Tenn 



Marietta, Ga 

Chattanooga, Tenn 



Nashville, Tenn.... 
Andersonville, Ga. 



Andersonville, Ga. 

Marietta, Ga 

Nashville, Tenn.... 



Remarks. 



Killed in battle 
of Chickaniau- 
ga, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion H, grave 
581. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga. Ga. 

Killed in battle 
of P i c k e t t's 
Mills. Ga. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in Stone 
River Ceme- 
tery. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Interred in sec- 
tion B, grave 
736. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. 

Interred in Cave 
Hill Ceme- 
tery. 

Died of wounds 
received Sept. 
19, 1S63. in bat- 
tle of Chieka- 
mauga, Ga. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Killed in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 19, 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Died of wounds 
received inac- 
tion. Interred 
in section E, 
grave 104. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
5377. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
8753. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Killed in battle. 



*Unassigned. 



282 



Roll of Honor of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 



Penny, Christopher. 



Peters, Lewis. 



Phillips, Jackson V. 
Pierson, Isaac 



Plunkett, Matthew J 

Pollard, John J 

Powers, Timothy. . . . 

Quinu, Arthur 

Ray, John 

Rei, John 

Remengobury. Car 
rollton 

Rohn, Henry 

Rowe, Amaudus 



Russell. Wilbur F. 
Saunders, George . 



Schaffer, Christian 
Schock, Samuel. . . 



Segmire, Jacob.. 



Sellers, David. 



Sevoy, Japheth S. 



Co. 


Rank. 


D 


Priv. 


B 


Corp. 


I 


1st Ser. 


B 


Priv. 


E 


Corp. 


* 
B 


Priv. 
Priv. 


C 


Priv. 


C 
K 


Priv. 
Priv. 


E 


Priv. 


D 


Priv. 


F 


Priv. 


A 
K 


Priv. 
Priv. 


D 


Priv. 


I 


Priv. 


A 


Priv. 


H 


Priv. 


B 


Sergt. 



Died. 



Jan. 23, 1865 

May 31, 1864 

Sept. 19, 1863 
Mch. 23, 1863 

Aug. 29, 1864 

May 24, 1864 
July 26, 1864 

Feb. 5, 1863 

Dec. 16, 1864 
June 9, 1864 

May 27, 1864 
Dec. 14, 1863 
June 6, 1864 



Mch. 17, 1863 
Dec. 9, 1863 



May 14. 1864 
Nov. 3, 1863 

July 31, 1863 



June 2, 1864 



July 16, 1864 



Buried. 



Nashville, Tenn. 



Marietta, Ga. 



Murfreesboro,Tenn 



Andersonville, Ga.. 

Chattanooga, Tenn 
Chattanooga, Tenn, 



Fort Donelson,Tenn 



Nashville, Tenn.... 
Andersonville, Ga. 



Marietta, Ga 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Andersonville, Ga.. 

Nashville, Tenn 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Murfreesboro,Tenn. 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 



Remarks. 



Died of wounds 
received Dec. 
16, 1864, in bat- 
tle. Interred 
iu section H, 
grave 366. 

Killed while on 
picket duty. 
Interred in 
sec. A, grave 
854. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Died at Frank- 
lin. Tenn. In- 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 5, 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Interred in 
grave 7157. 

Interred in sec- 
tion F, grave 
94. 

Died at Dover, 
Tenn. 

Killed in battle. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
1763. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion D, grave 
489. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
2410. 

Interred in sec- 
tion D, grave 
343. 

Killed in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 

Interred in sec- 
tion A, grave 
428. 

Died at Man- 
chester, Tenn. 
Interred in 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Died of wounds 
received May 
9, 1864, in ac- 
tion. Interred 
in section D, 
grave 455. 

Interred in sec- 
tion F, grave 

144. 



Unassigued. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



283 



Names. 



Shaw, Samuel 



Sherman, Daniel,.. 
Shewark, Joseph E 

Shirkley, Matthew. 
Sims, Joseph 

Sipe, Adam 

Smith, Alvarado... 



Snyder, William 

Sooy, Andrew J 

Sperry, Sherman... . 
Springer, Chester D 



Staples, Ephraim G. . 
Stedman, Charles 51.. 
Stewart, Alexander. . 



Stone, George. 
Stout, Isaac L. 



Swartwood, DeWitt. 



Sweeny, Edward. 



Co 



Rank. 



Priv. 



Priv. 
Priv. 



Priv. 



Priv. 
Priv. 



Priv. 
Priv. 



Priv. 
Corp. 



Priv. 
IstLt. 
Priv. 

Priv. 
Sergt. 

Priv. 
Priv. 



Died. 



July 30, 1864 

Jan. 10, 1863 
Nov. 1, 1863 

Sept. 19, 1863 
Nov. 5, 1863 

Sept. 19, 1863 
Mch. 25, 1863 



Oct. 15, 1863 
Nov. 19, 1863 



April 14, 1863 
Dec. 19, 1864 



Sept. 19, 1863 

May 27, 18G4 

May 14, 1864 

Feb. 1, 1864 

May 9, 1863 

Feb. 14, 1863 

Oct. 25, 1864 



Buried. 



Andersonville, Ga. 



Richmond, Va. 



Chattanooga, Teun 



Murfreesboro,Tenn. 



Chattanooga, Tenn 
Chattanooga, Tenn 



Nashville, Tenn 

Marietta, Ga 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Knoxville, Tenn 

Murf reesboro ,Tenn 

Murfreesboro,Tenn, 
Andersonville, Ga.. 



Remarks. 



Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
4354. 

Died in Rebel 
Prison. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. Interred 
in section A, 
grave 111. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn.. In-, 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 32, 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 

Interred in sec. 
B, grave 168. 

Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. Interred 
in section A, 
grave 69. 

Died of wounds 
received in 
battle. Interr- 
ed in section 
F, grave 244. 

Killed in battle 
of Chickamau- 
ga, Ga. 

Killed in action 
at Pickett's 
Mills, Ga. 

Killed in battle 
of Resaca, Ga. 
Interred in 
sec. K, grave 

410. 

Interred In sec- 
tion 5, grave 
135. 
Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in 
Stone River 
Cemetery- 
Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in 
Franklin sec- 
tion, grave 14, 
Stone River 
Cemetery. 
Died in Rebel 
Prison. Interr- 
ed in grave 
11,433. 



284 Roll of Honor of the 124th Regiment, 



Names. 


Co. 


Rank. 


Died. 


Buried. 


Remarks. 


Terrv, John 


G 


Priv. 


Nov. 22, 1863 


Chattanooga. Tenn . 


Killed in action 












at Mission 












Ridge, Tenn. 












Interred in 












sec. C, grave 












88. 


Teveling, William — 


I 


Priv. 


Aug. 5, 1863 


Murfreesboro/Tenn. 


Died at Tulla- 
homa, Tenn. 
Interred in 
sec. J, grave 
205, Stone Riv- 
er Cemetery. 


Thoma. John 


F 


Priv. 


May 10, 1864 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Killed in action 












near Rocky 












Face Ridge, 












Ga. Interred 












in section L, 












grave 280. 


Thompson. Hiram — 


A 


Priv. 


Nov. 18, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 




Thompson, Thomas.. 


K 


Priv. 


Sept. 19, 1863 




Killed in battle 








of Chickamau- 












ga, Ga. 


Thorn pson.William B. 


K 


Priv. 


Feb. 2, 1865 


Nashville, Tenn 


Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 


Tilly, William T ... 


B 


Priv. 


Dec. 3, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Interred in sec- 
tion D, grave 
743. 


Tousley, Charles W.. . 


E 


Priv. 


Sept. 25, 1863' 


Chattanooga, Tenn . 


Interred in sec- 
tion B, grave 
.77. 

Interred in sec- 


Trow, Elijah 


A 


Priv. 


Mch. 9, 1863 


Nashville, Tenn 




tion E, grave 4. 


Yandermark.Alex'd'r 


B 


Priv. 


Nov. 25, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Killed in battle 
of Mission 
Ridge, Tenn. 
Interred in 
sec. B, grave 










i 255. 


Vosler, Jacob 


A 


Priv. 


Mch. 4, 1864 


Knoxville.Tenn. .. 1 Interred in sec- 






tion 5, grave 












155. 


Wade Ira 


E 


Corp. 


Sept. 19, 1863 




Killed in battle 






of Chickamau- 












ga, Ga. 


Waldo, William R.... 


C 


1st Lt. 


July 5, 1864 


Nashville, Tenn 


Died of wounds 
received June 
13, 1864, in ac- 
tion. 


Walters, Adam 


B 


Priv. 


May 27, 1864 


Marietta. Ga 


Killed in action 
at Pickett's 










| Mills, Ga. 


Weeks, Lewis R 


I 


Priv. 


April 2, 1863 


Nashville, Tenn 


Werline, John P 


D 


Priv. 


June 1, 18G3 


Murfreesboro,Tenn. Died at Frank- 
lin, Tenn. In- 
terred in sec- 
tion K, grave 
256, Stone Riv- 
, er Cemetery. 


Wheeler, Lucius 


F 


Priv. 


Nov. 1, 1863 


Richmond, Va 


Died in Rebel 
Prison at Belle 
Isle, Va. In- 
terred in sec- 
tion 1, row C, 
grave 193. 


Williams, James 


A 


Priv. 


May 27, 1864 


Marietta, Ga 


Killed in action 
at P i c k e t t's 
Mills, Ga. 



Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



285 



Names. 


Co. 


Rank. 


Died. 


Buried. 


Remarks. 


Wing, George D 

Wing, Stephen P 

Wyeth, Jonathan 


A 

A 

A 
G 

A 


Sergt. 

Priv. 

Priv. 
Priv. 

Priv. 


Oct. 1, 1863 

Jan. 6, 1865 

Dec. 2, 1863 
Dec. 10, 1863 

April 11, 1863 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Died of wounds 
received in ac- 
tion. 

Died at Middle- 


Annapolis, Md 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 


burg, Cuyaho- 
ga County, 0. 

Died of wounds 
received Sept. 
19, 1863. in bat- 
tle of Chicka- 
mauga, Ga. 
Interred in 
sec. D, grave 
736.