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Campbell Snstitute ISulletm 


The Waiting City 

A city throned upon the height behold, 

Wherein no foot of man as yet has trod; 
The City of Man's Life fulfilled in God. 

Bathed all in hglit, with open gates of gold, 

Perfect the City is in tower and street; 

And there a Palace for each mortal waits, 
Complete and perfect, at whose outer gates 

An Angel stands its occupant to greet. 

Still shine, patient City on the height, 

The while our race in hut and hovel dwells. 
It hears the music of thy heavenly bells 

And its dull soul is haunted by thy light. 

Lo, once the Son of Man hath heard thy call 

And the dear Christ hath claimed thee for us all. 

Phillips Brooks. 



The solution of the difficulties of the Disciples is to be found in 
free discussion, kept clear of personal animosity. The continual effort 
to compromise our situation, made by well-meaning people, only 
results in keeping unsolved problems before the brotherhood for years, 
when frank and free examination of the issues might end the discus- 
sion. When Presbyterians fa:e differences, they talk it out. When 
Free Methodists confront a divergence of ideas, they undertake to 
make the situation fiizzy with emotion, and escape the issue. The 
Presbyterian way is the only method for Disciples, with their tem- 
peraiiient and disposition. 

It is reported that th.ere were nearly three hundred presidents, 
secretaries and other paid officials of general interests at the national 
convention at Los Angeles. A great communion like the Disciples of 
Christ requires a great many of these ir^n. It is very easy, however, 
for such functions to be unduly multiplied. Xew boards and organ- 
iz^^.tions come into existence easily. It has come time for us to be 
conservative about the increase of the salary budget for officials. 

The California state convention has a hard time finding a place 
on which to stand. One national paper urges that tiie convention has 
done a great injustice to Mr. Lokeji. Another paper claims that 
Mr. Loken got what was coming to him, but that the convention is 
orgmized v/rong. and therefore its procedure violated good Disciple 
traditions. A great communion which has for a hundred years stood 
for -he motto, "In matters of opinion, liberty," finds itself troubled 
in couscienee over an inconsistency in practice. It was once our 
proud boast that we had never had a heresy trial. That can never 
be said again, owing to the action of the coast convention, but it is 
not yet too late for us to show that we have been sincere when we 
iiave insisted that the faitli that unites is faith in the Christ. The 
formulation of a baptismal dogma may be as important as some peo- 
ple think it is, but no one can say that Discijile teaching makes any- 
tliing else a basis for the unity of the church than our relationship to 
Jesus Christ. 

The test of efficiency in any given group often settles a doctrinal 
point. The victory of the Catholic organization over Arianism was 
determined in part by the effectiveness of Catholic organization. It 


is not enough for the preacher of the Campbell Institute persuasion 
to say to himself that his point of view is true. It must be organ- 
ized into the every-day life of the church, and show that it can live 
in the rough and tumble of events. Fortunately, there are many 
such Campbell Institute pastors, men who are not simply theorists, 
but who know tlio value of their ideas in a workaday world. 


Hv Roy C. Flickixger 
Ancient Eugenics 

By Allen G. Roper. Oxford: B. H. Blackwell, 1913. 

The first eugenist was not Lycurgus but the primitive savage, 
w!'o killed his sickly child. Strange ^s it may seem, the systematized 
infanticide of Sparta marked an advance towards civilization, since 
the fate of the new-born no longer depended upon the caprice of the 
father, but upon the decision of trib:il oilicials. The ancients were 
as familiar as are modern eugcnists with the analog}^ drawn from 
animal breeding. Regulation of marriage was, therefore, soon added 
to exposure and infanticide. The Spartans penalized celibacy, late 
ni.irriage and (most severely) bad m n-riagcs. Under certain re- 
strictions wives were allowed occasional lapses from the moral code. 
This was not a return to barbarism but was prompted by the eugenic 
motive of propagating children from a father stronger than the hus- 
band. The military motive reigned supreme in Sparta, -and physique 
was the^ole object sought. The Greeks, however, uniformly believed 
in beauty of spirit only whon reflected in beauty of aspect. The 
value of prenatal influences, environment and training was reeog- 
ni?ed. The productivity of the subject classes (the Helot-s) was held 
in cheek by secret assassination. Sparta's system was a narrow one 
and its limitations are obvious, yet Professor Mahaffy has d^clnred 
her the only state in which the physical improvement of th" race was 
beyond "nvil. 

The first system of practical eugenics originated in Sparta; the 
theory was first formulated in Plato's Republic, Btate"man and Laws. 
The fact that he could point to an existing and (in his day) suc- 
cessful exemplification of his doctrines made his scheme seem less 
chimerical than it otherwise would. Plato advocated infanticide, the 
refiisal of medical aid to the chronically sick and to victims of self- 
indulgence, segregation of the insane, expulsion of paupers, tempo- 
rary marriages, regulation of marriageable age, etc. His fixing the 


number of citizens at a constant figure, 5,040 or 8,000, accords with 
modern theory, viz. : to secure the "optimum" number rather than the 
maximum number. The smallness of Plato's state lessened the diffi- 
culty of some of his problems. His greatest progress consisted in 
divorcing eugenics from the purely military motive and in placing 
intelligence, in the guise of philosopher-kings, at the apex of his 

Ancient eugenics culminated in Aristotle, who tried to construct 
a scheme which should be practicable for Athens. Hence his accept- 
ance of many existing customs despite theoretical objections. He 
considered the ideal age for marriage to be 18 for women and 37 for 
men! The breeding analogy re-emerged in his fixing a season for 
wedlock, January-February! In most cases, both Plato and Aris- 
totle availed themselves of the best medical knowledge of their day. 

Interest in eugenics was smothered by ti'e individualism and 
pessimism of Hellenistic times, aided by the teachings of current 
philosophy and of oriental cults. 


In this wonderful day of the growing spirit of Eleutheria and 
Aletheia, on a cross but in a circle, I hope that the hoary-headed 
spirit of "The Invisible Government" may not visit the ranks and 
work of the C. I. You will pardon me for saying so, but I think there 
have recently been some very strong leaning in that direction. Such 
an institute to progress must stand for the sentiments of all and not 
the elect few. Am I not right? Taxation without representation is 
the same today as ever. Please consider and get others to consider 
the wishes of the whole movement. This has been so in the paper, 
but its tendencies in other ways are not so marked. For instance, the 
last program showed conclusively that only two or three highbrows 
dictated the policy of the meetings. It is farthest from my thought 
to criticise; you are doing splendidly, but I knov/ that you vrill have 
this to face sooner or later. Geo. B. Ste^vabt. 

The Bulletin is a medium of expression for all the members. You 
are invited to send in post card contributions with news, successful 
methods of church work, criticism of Bulletin articles, or anything 
else that may be of interest. 


By Silas Joxes 
Studies in the Apocalypse 

By R. H. Charles, Edinburgh. T. & T. Clark, 1913. Pp. 199. 

The substance of this book was delivered in four lectures before 
the University of London in May, 1913. The lectures have been 
slightly expanded and divided into five chapters. Some of those who 
are familiar with the larger works of Charles may be disappointed 
in this little volume. It may seem to have too many theories for 
the amount of material it offers to the student. For others, the book 
will be useful. The first two chapters are a history of the interpre- 
tation of the Apocalypse from the earliest time to the present. This 
history, brief as it is, is a good introduction to the study of the 
Apocalypse. The student that comprehends it will' be modest in the 
expression of his own conclusions. He will also have confidence in 
the ability of scholars to discover the significance of the book. In 
the opinion of Charles, the methods of recent interpreters, such as 
Bousset, Pfleiderer, Holtzman, W. Bauer, Porter and Moffatt, lead in 
the right direction and have already produced valuable results. The 
book is no longer a hopeless puzzle; it is "one of the most valuable 
documents for the primitive age of the Christian Church." 

In chapter three the Hebraic style of the Apocalypse is dis- 
cussed. Charles does not agree with Moulton that the blunders of 
the writer are in no way due to Hebraism. He holds that the writer 
thought in Hebrew, that he did not know Greek idiomatieaUy, and 
that he freely remodeled syntactical forms, launched fortli unusual 
and unheard of expressions, with a view to the better setting forth of 
his ideas. He succeeded in producing one of the masterpieces of 
world literature. 

Chapters four and five are a discussion of Cliapters VII-IX of 
the Apocalypse. In these is an illustration of the use the author 

makes of his theory that the book is a relative unity, containing 
visions experienced at different times and written down each at the 
time it was received. A few were witnessed as early as 67 A. D. 
The main body should probably be assigned to the period 92 r^nd 95. 
The writing of the visions at different times has occasioned much of 
the difficulty of the interpreter. The use of Jewish sources, parts of 
which the Seer did not understand, also creates problems. 

In an appendix there is a list of some of the chief students of 
the Apocalypse down to very recent times. 



By H. C. Armstkong 

Tlie three essential elements of the practical process of religious 
education are the Parent, the Chiirch, and the Child. Each is a vital 
factor. The child is to be educated by the parent and the Church. 
These have a work to do, each in its ovm right and sphere, and also a 
work to do together, each co-operating with the other. It is, there- 
fore, highly important that the parent realize the responsibility of 
the home and the home life for the religious development of the child, 
and that the spiritual nurture of the child be intelligently and pur- 
posely provided for in the home. It is equally important that the 
Church reckon with the child in the organization of its methods and 
in the prosecution of its work. It is furthermore imjiortant that tlie 
liome and the Church be brought together and united in the task. 

It would seem preposterous that parents should be careless about 
the religious nurture of their children, but the simple and obvious 
fact is too many parents are woefully so. Xo less obvious is it thiit 
the work of tlie Church has hitherto been too exclusively organized 
on the adult basis and around the adult interests. Not that we have 
intentionally left the child out. Theoretically we have "set him in 
tlie midst," but in practice we liave treated him too much as a little 
adult and too little as the child that he is. How we are missing the 
mark and how to amend our ways are the questions discussed in a 
suggestive and stimulating fashion in a recent book of five chapters 
v.'ritten by Charles Clark Smith, and entitled "Parent, Church and 
Child." "Our theology of childhood has been wrongly preached, and 
the now prevalent inactivity with regard to our children's religious 
life is the result. It is time to quit preaching an antiquated theory 
of the origin of sin that contradicts both the Bible and reason and to 
begin to preach what Clirist taught with reference to the child and 
what modern pedagogic principles have made very plain to us. Our 
public school methods are much more intelligently applied than our 
religious methods. ViHien the pulpit presents to the people a con- 
ception of child religion that fits the conditions and shows the pos- 
sibilities of religious activities for the youth, then the parents will 
become interested in the proper development of their children." We 
may not wholly agree with this position of the author, but we will 
agree with him that this age needs a revival of home religion and of 
loyalty to the Ch.urch for the child's sake. It will pay us well to 
read his book. 


By Lee E. Cannon 

" The present revival of interest in drama brings us "Chief Con- 
temporary Dramatists" (Houghton, Mifflin. 1915, $2.75), a collec- 
tion by Professor Diekin.=!on of representative plays by such authors 
as Wilde, Galsworthy, Moody, Brieux, Hauptmann, Jones, et al. Of 
particular interest are Galsworthy's "Strife," an impartial presenta- 
tion of the struggle between capital and labor; Hauptmann's "Weav- 
ers," a treatment of the same theme; Brieux's "The Red Robe" an 
indictment of the French judicial system; and Moody's "The Great 
Divide" a study of the New England conscience. Each of the plays 
is typical of some phase of technique or content of the modern drama. 
The book offers a cheap and interesting dramatic library to the gen- 
eral reader. 

Among recent novels, Poole's "The Harbor" (Macmillan, 1915, 
$1.40) appeals to me as being worthy of mention. Witli the develop- 
ment of tlie old Brooklyn water-front as a background, tlie author 
draws in bold outline the story of a young man's search for a working 
ideal. After testing and rejecting many of the gods of modern life 
— Religion, Art, Efficiency — he finally, like Faust, chooses the God 
of Service. The hero, although a good fellow, is too much of a 
romantic lyre. Whether his energetic and emotional nature will be 
satisfied long with his "God," one doubts. 

A translation of "The Red Laugh" (Duffield & Co., 1915, $1.00) 
has come to my desk. The story was written some years ago by 
Andreief, the foremost of contemporary Russian men-of-letters, and 
is a description of the horrors of war, from a psychological viewpoint. 
Death and horror is the theme. The tale, to my mind, is more artis- 
tic and more powerful than either Lamzus' "Human Slaughter- 
house" or Crane's "Red Badge of Courage." It is one of the strongest 
arguments for peace, nnd aboi't as effective as any at presf^.t. 

An interesting and compact survey is Baring's "Outline of Rus- 
sian Literature" (Holt, 1915, 50c, H. U. L. ). After a short intro- 
ductory sketch, the body of the book is devoted to a discussion of 
10th century Russian literature. The main tendencies are noted, 
and the more important authors are briefly criticized. Some of the 
generalizations of Mr. Baring may be taken curti grano salis. 

Along this same line, I might mention Wiener's "An Interpreta- 
tion of the Russian People" (McBride, Nast & Co., 1915, $1.25). The 
Professor of Slavic at Harvard discusses some of the spiritual char- 

acteristics of the Russians. He finds an "essentially Christian atti- 
tude" in the Russian masses, revealing itself in their "great literature 
of pity." In their religion, as well as in their literature and art, he 
sees "an earnest desire to apply to life the esoteric teachings of 
Christianity," hindered, however, by a benighted autocracy. Mr. 
Wiener goes on to treat of the intellectualists and the people, the 
peasant, the position and influence of woman, the non-Russian Rus- 
sian. A suggestive bibliography is appended. 

By John Ray Ewers 

Til all sincerity I sang my swan song, as editor of this chamber, 
with the issue of mid-summer. I felt that two years of service had 
exliausted my ideas and I eagerly anticipated the words of some new 
writer. However, the pressure put upon me by the officers, together 

with several kind letters from those whom I was surprised to know 
even deigned to read my hasty notes, compel me to assume again the 

pen which_ I had laid down with a sigh of relief. 

Most of us have returned from refreshing vacations. For seven 
weeks I did nothing but play in the great western country. We are 
phmging into the new year's work. In this hour we need definite 
objectives. Let us sketch out a few — not too many. 

(1) My task is the cure of souls (saving, culturing), therefore 
let me give my best to that labor. Reforming, lecturing, making 
money must be decidedly secondary. 

( 2 ) I cannot preach acceptably unless I knoAv my own people, 
their joys, sorrows, sins and triumphs. Therefore let me call. 

(3) I cannot feed the flock unless my own soul-life is true. I 
Therefore let me incarnate the truths I preach. 

(4) I cannot build up my congregation unless my mind is rich. 
Therefore let me study at least two hours each day. 

( 5 ) I cannot do my work well unless my body is strong and 
my disposition sweet. Therefore let me play golf and wander in the 
open country. 

(6) I cannot be a prophet unless G'od's spirit is in me. There- 
fore let me commune daily with Him. 



By Charles E. Underwood. 

"Our city is a great city. It has more than one million popula- 
tion." "We had a great evangelistic service. There were 543 addi- 
tions." "Our Sunday School is the best in the city. Last Sunday 
we had 965 in attendance." The spell of numbers is on us all. 
Occasionally we rebel against the extremes, but before we are aware, 
the disease breaks out in another intellectual or emotional spot. 
Numbers seems the most tangible e\idenee of growth. 

We do not believe the Master would lessen the numbers of the 
multitude that followed him throughout Galilee. Yet for the prac- 
tical purpose of world evangelization. He chose twelve. One would 
scarcely hold that his addressing the multitudes was a greater work 
than training the twelve. Each had its place. In the first stage 
of tlie Teacher Training Movement we have attempted to address the 
multitude. The charm of numbers is upon us. The writer enrolled 
the first one hundred Indiana workers who studied ^Moninger's 
'^Training for Service," and did the foundational work for an enroll- 
ment of 753 in the city of Indianapolis alone, when the first wave of 
enthusiasm swept over the churches. He felt the thrill of it all. 
He is not ready to discount tliat work, but feels that much good was 

But we have reached a new stage in our development. We have 
learned that these large numbers must be divided into small units for 
intensive study. The modern Sunday School must be measured by 
the progress it makes in teaching the pupils the great Biblical and 
religious truths, and incorporating them in earnest, sincere lives. 
This cannot be left to chance inspiration or absorption. The teacher 
must have personality. Christian personality, but must have in addi- 
tion the gift of teaching, and special training for the work. The 
larger the numbers the greater the need for well trained teachers 
The poorly trained teacher will give up in despair. It is useless to 
train a multitude from which to select a few indifferently prepared 
teachers, who will teach for a few months and drop out of the school. 

It has been the plan of the writer for some years to make the 
teacher training work an intensive study to such degree that only 
the serious-minded and capable ones remain in the course. With 
these few it has been his experience that the niimber of teachers made 
available for permanent work in the Sunday School has been vastly 
increased over the training of the multitude plan. Slowly but surely 


this policy produces a larger number of educated people in the Sun- 
day School classes and paves the way for successfvil achievement. 

The Editors of Chambers 

The following men have been appointed to edit the Chambers 
for the coming year: 

Old Testament — C. E. Underwood, Butler College. 

Kew Testament — Silas Jones, Eureka College. 

Sociology'— J. L. Deming, New Haven, Conn. - • 

Philosophy — Ellsworth Faris, Iowa City, la. 

Religious Education — H. C. Armstrong, Baltimore. 

Systematic Theology — Chas. M. Sharpe, University of Chicago. ; 

History — Columbia University. 

Church History — Errett Gates, University of Chicago. 

Literature — Lee E. Cannon, Eureka College. 

Missions — Fred E. Lumley, College of Missions. 

Pastoral Duties — J. E. Ewers, Pittsburgh. 

Classics — Roy C. Flickinger, Northwestern University. 

Almost all of these men have accepted, and we hope that every 
Chamber will be represented in our next issue. 


My circular letter calling for dues in advance seems to have 
caused fears regarding the future of the Institute in the hearts of 
somo. I want to take this opportunity to thank those who re- 
sponded for their co-operation and to assure all that our future is 
perfectly bright. If a few more respond to that notice we will be 
able to omit our usual regular billing of all delinquents in .January. 

Edward A. Hexry, Treasurer. 

By Edward A. Henry 

At the annual meeting in June a number of men were elected 
to membership in the Institute. All were notified at once. At the 
time of writing a few have not yet been heard from. The folloAving 
have accepted election : 

Frank Waller Allen, Springfield, 111., Regular. Mr. Allen is 
pastor of the First Church there and very much interested in social 


Henry G. Burgess, Canton, Mo., Regular. Mr. Burgess is a Yale 
Divinity graduate who has recently accepted the pastorate of the 
Canton, Mo., church. He is working in very close co-operation with 
President Todd and the Christian University faculty. 

Lin D. Cartwright, Fort Collins, Colo., Associate. Mr. Cart- 
wright after some time at the University of Chicago has accepted the 
pastorate of the Fort Collins church. 

Fletcher Cowherd, Kansas City, Mo., Co-operating. Mr. Cow- 
herd is a prominent business man of Kansas City and an active lay- 
man in the great church of which Dr. Jenkins is pastor. He is well 
known to all of us through his activity in the Church Extension 
Board and other of our organized activities. 

J. C. Hill, Kansas City, Mo., Co-operating. Mr. Hill is a promi- 
nent business man and another of Dr. Jenkins' active laymen. 

Howard E. Jensen, Chicago, 111., Associate. Mr. Jensen is a 
student in the University of Chicago and preaches for a nearby 

J. Leslie Lobingier, New Haven, Conn., Regular. Mr. Lobingier 
is a Yale Divinity graduate, who is going on for a higher degree. 
We understand that he is a kinsman of Judge Lobingier. 

W. C. MacDougall, Chicago, 111., Regular. Mr. MacDougall is a 
graduate of Hiram College, who has spent seven years in India with 
0. J. Grainger. He is now studying in the University of Chicago 
during his furlough. He will return to India soon. 

Dr. William E. Minor, Kansas City, Mo., Co-operating. Dr. 
Minor is a prominent physician and another of Dr. Jenkins' active 

Robert E. Park, Chicago, 111., Regular. Dr. Park is a Ph. D. of 
Heidelberg, Germany. He was for a number of years a teacher in 
Tuskegee Institute and is now a Professor of Sociology in the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. 

Clarence Reidenbach, Milford, Conn., Regular. Mr. Reidenbaeh 
is a Yale Divinity gradviate, who is serving as pastor of the Ply- 
mouth Congregational Church at Milford. He has been appointed 
Day Fellow at Yale for 1915-16 so will spend this year doing gradu- 
ate work. 

John F. Stubbs, Chicago, Associate. Mr. Stubbs is a nephew of 
the famous ex-Governor .Stubbs of Kansas. He is a DiA'inity student 
in the University of Chicago. 

Chas. A. Vannoy, Canton. Mo., Regular. Mr. Vannoy is a Ph. D. 


of the University of Iowa. He is a new Professor of Latin and Greel 
at Christian University. 

During the summer tiiere have been many changes of stree' 
address which we will not take space to notice now as a new addresi 
list will be printed in the next issue of the Bulletin. We notice 
here only changes of town. 

Clarence G'. Baker, who has been pastor at Batavia, 111., for tw( 
years Avhile he studied in the University of Chicago, begins his worl 
as pastor of the West Park Christian Church, Indianapolis, Ind. 
on Oct. 1. He has so nearly completed his work for the B. D. degree 
tluit lie plans to finish by correspondence. 

J. E. Wolfe, formerly of Whiting, Ind., has gone to Batavia t( 
succeed Mr. Baker. He will continue his study at the University o: 

Royal L. Handley has settled with the church at Virden, 111., one 
of the best in Southern Illinois, 

C. G. Brelos has resigned at Waukegan, but has not yet decidec 
upon another location. 

A. L. Cole resigned from the Carthage, 111., church early in th( 
summer, went to California and took unto himself a wife. We hav( 
not yet learned his new address. 

Ellsworth Faris, who taught Psychology in tlie University ol 
Chicago last year and in the University of low^a the year before, as a 
supply during the absence of Professor Starbuck, has been called bact 
to Iowa to fill a chair of Social Psychology which has been newlj 
established for him. He will rank as Associate Professor. 

J. L. Garwin, after leaving William Woods College, spent tht 
summer in Chavitauqua work and is planning to spend the wintei 
doing graduate work at the University of Chicago. 

W. G. Alcorn was a summer student at the University of Chicago, 

E. J. Arnot spent a goodly portion of the summer in camp with 
Y. M. C. A. lads. 

Henry Pearce Atkins spent the summer witli his parents in Cin 
cinnati. He feels encouraged at the prospects for the new year ii 

H. F. Burns spent the summer about Boston, preaching twi 
Sundays in Chicago on Lis return trip. He attended an afternooi 
service at Dr. Ames' church. 

A. W. Fortune received his Ph. D. magna cum laude from tli 
University of Chicago this summer. 


Walter C. Gibbs was a summer student at Chicago this summer. 
He reports that his work at Columbia, Mo., is going along splendidly. 
He has recently purchased a home at 515 South Fifth St. 

Elster M. Haile expresses himself as confident that he made 
no mistake when he turned to business. He is now the "Haile 
Investment Company, Real Estate, Loans and Insurance" at King- 
man, Kansas. 

Edward A. Henry spent the month of September in Xew York 
state, mostly with his parents on their farm near Sj-racuse. 

Sherman Kirk has returned from the Deanship of the Bible 
College at Drake to his old chair of Classical Greek. 

Judge Charles S. Lobingier is in the United States for a brief 
vacation from his duties in Shanghai. He visited Chicago, among 
other places. 

Wellington M. Logan is now the Executive Secretary of the 
Adams Avenue branch of the Detroit Y. ^I. C. A. 

Fred E. Lumley spent the summer at his old home in Canada. 
He writes: "I have had a fine holiday in the harvest field and 
return much invigorated." 

Clarence E. Rainwater and wife went to the San Francisco ex- 
position in an auto with her father. 

W. H. Smith spent part of August at the University of Chi- 
cago. He enjoyed it so much that he intends to come again. 

C. G. Vernier and wife spent some four weeks in August and 
September in Kentucky and Tennessee. Mr. Vernier is rejoicing 
over a substantial increase of salary for the new school year. 

C. H. Winders was another visitor in Chicago during August. 
He comes every year to do a little reading in the libraries and meet 
the many Disciples who gather here every summer. There were 
close to fifty of them this year. 

G. D. Edwards was holding a meeting ten miles from the near- 
est railroad during August. He had to improvise a check form to 
pay his dues. 

E. L. Talbert got no vacation this year. He v/as kept busy in 
the Office of Admissions of the University of Cincinnati. 

Baxter Waters found the summer so cool in Missouri that he 
took his vacation at home, where he was kept busy watching a new 
$17,000 church go up. The brick work was completed in August and 
one of the masons said it was one of the finest brick churches in 
northwest Missouri. 


0. F. Jordan has written a religious story of which he is reading 
a chapter at a time on Sunday evenings, beginning SeiDtember 12. 

Clarence Rainwater is editor of '"Gommimity Netvs, a weekly 
newspaper published in the mutual and triangular interests of the 
residents of Eamilcon, Auburn and Normal Parks." 

'"An abbreviated summary of the Eastern District Evangelist's 
Work for the Year 1914'' is an interesting four-page document 
telling of some of the labors of G. F. Hoover. Among other facts we 
note that he traveled 4,400 miles in his automobile, raising over 
$8,283, organizing one new local church and thoroughly organizing 
country associations in every one of the eighteen counties in his 

VV. D. Endres and Geo. A. Campbell are among the new members 
oi the Board of Trustees of Christian University, Canton, Mo. 

Carl Burkliart of Lexington, Mo., has been called to Franklin, 
Ind. We have not learned his decision. 

J. J. Haley goes to Australia this fall to assist in anniversary 
ser\'iees at Melbourne v/here he was once pastor. 

August 15 completed six years for Austin Hunter at Jackson 
Boulevard. In this time 865 members have been received into the 
church, an old mortgage has been cleared away and a social club 
bouse purchased. Every prospect seems iiopeful except that his 
community is so constantly changing. 

Early in the summer Milo Atkinson held a two-week meeting at 
CoUierville, Tenn., in which five were added to the church and $100 
raised for state work. 

The work of Central Church, Cincinnati, is thriving under the 
leadership of Claire L. Waite. During the first half of 1915 he 
received more new members than during any previous full year of 
his four-year pastorate. 

Herbert Martin filled Dr. Medbury's pulpit during the pastor's 

H. 0. Pritchard preached for Central Church, Detroit, during 
the vacation of C. J. Tannar. 

Joseph A. Serena and Ira L. Parvin are among the newly 
elected officers of the New York State Christian Missionary Society. 

A letter just at hand announces that J. B. Eskridge is President 
of the Southwestern State Normal School at YVeatherford, Okla. He 
has succeeded in whipping the politicians who tried to gain control 
of tlie normal school system and finds himself located in a very 


pleasant position. He is planning to attend our meeting next year. 

There are 32 Disciples in Northwestern University this year. 
The Evanston church has published and circulated a directory of 
these students, and arranged a reception for them at which Prof, and 
Mrs. Flickinger spoke. 

At a meeting of the executive committee at the close of the In- 
titute year, it was decided to call the heads of the Chambers editors, 
md that O. F. Jordan should be called the editor-in-chief. 

Keuka College has been compelled to close for lack of funds 
ifter a brave fight by the president, Joseph A. Serena. It is re- 
sorted that he has accepted a call to the presidency of William 
rt'oods College. 

Joseph Garvin is in Chicago, wliere he will spend a year in 
pecial study. 

Geo. B. Stewart announces a series of dramatic readings on 
unday evening. The subject is, "A Modern Nymph,"' called a timely 
hureh story. The series began on Sept. 19. 

The Evanston Daily News — Index has been giving the first 
iolumn on the front page Monday to the sermon of O. F. Jordan, 
he past two months. Some of these sermons are to be printed in 
)amphlet form in the near future. 

Roscoe R. Hill has accepted an invitation to i^ead 11:0 Depart- 
nent of History at the University of New Mexico and lias already 
oca ted at Albuqiierque. He received the call after the opening of 
he church year. 


The Los Angeles luncheon of the Institute was held July 20t]i 
t tlie Hotel Gates. There were twenty-two in attendance, viz.: 
I. 0. Breeden. A. L. Cole and wife, J. R. Ewers, R. C. Flick- 
nger and wife, Graham Frank, J. H. and W. E. Garrison, Austin 
iiinter, Edgar Jones, J. H. McCartney, W. A. Parker, Vv'. C. Payne 
nd daughter, G. A. Ragan and wife, P. J. Rice, W. D. Ryan, D. H. 
Shields, S. G. Buckner, and Mrs. Minnie Ames Barnhill. This list 
ncludes two former members who wish to be reinstated. After the 
ppetizing and delectable repast had been disposed of, the president 
xplained the present plans and purposes of_ the Institute and the 
arious projects with which it is intended to make the twentieth 
Tar of our history notable. In particular, all were urged to attend 
he anniversary celebration next summer. Every man availed 


himself of the chance to speak briefly, and despite the sadness due 
to the absence of some irrephieeables, the best of good cheer pre- 
vailed. For several, this was their first Institute meeting, and the 
earnest but optimistic speeches did not fail of their effect. In 
retrospect, all were imanimous in declaring the occasion to have been 
most enjoyable and heartening. 

The membership of the Institute is comparatively small, and 
but a fraction attended the Convention. Nevertheless, Institute men, 
as individuals, were much in e^adence. In addition to several who 
participated in the devotional exercises, the following delivered 
addresses: J. R. Ewers on "Mobilizing the S. S. Army," W. A. 
Parker on "Enlistment and Preparation of Life for Religious Voca- 
tions," and A. L. Cole on "C. E. and the Individual." Austin Hunter 
presented his report for the National Board of C. E. and P. J. Rice 
preached the Convention sermon, "On Being Christians." Edgar 
Jones was chosen as first vice-president, and Graham Frank was 
re-elected to the corresponding secretaryship. Addresses not on the 
printed program were made by H. O. Breeden and Edgar DeWitt 

The coming World Conference on Faith and Order being 
arranged by the Episcopalians, and to be participated in by 
Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant Christians, will 
be a noteworthy event. The Catholic dream of a united 
Christianity is an imposing one. Whether any via media 
can be found for Christians who hold to such varying con- 
ceptions of religious authority, is an interesting matter. At 
any rate, the conference will serve to make all Christendom 
more acquainted with its component parts. 

Campbell Snstttute Bulletin 



The purpose of the Campbell Institute, as declared in the 
constitution, is to encourage its members, who have enjoyed 
exceptional educational privileges, in keeping up their studies 
while out in professional life. How necessary it is to keep 
this purpose well to the front is ascertained when one talks 
to ministers about their professional life. Men in city pul- 
pits declared sometimes that they do not read two books a 
year. How do these men spend their time? It is a weary 
round of advertising campaign and of doorbell ringing to 
get people to church. One reason the people are so slow in 
attending worship is that the spiritual pabulum is so thin. 
The man who reads to make himself a great soul, and who 
preaches right, will not need to invent so many ingenious 
devices for filling his pews. 

Rooks are being made cheaper all the time by modern 
organization. The Everyman's Library is doubtless known 
to all members of the Institute. Seven hundred of the great 
masterpieces in the several departments of human thought 
have been put within our reach at thirty-five cents a volume. 
The books are compact and of suitable size to ride in a 
man's pocket on the street car. The epoch-making works 
of history, literature, economics, philosophy, etc., are made 
accessible to us. A series of another sort entirely is the 
Home University Library, v/hich is a shelf of up-to-date 
volumes on subjects of present interest. On our desk 
lies Brewster's "Writing English Prose," a book on style. 
Whether in, science, literature, history, travel, philosophy or 
whatever other subject there is always something at hand. 
These volumes sell at fifty cents in cloth binding. No man 
is too poor to be educated in the face of such opportunities. 



As president of the Institute for the past two years, and 
a member of the executive committee, perhaps it will be 
permitted me to say a word regarding the summer program 
which was rather caustically referred to by G. B. Stewart 
in the last Bulletin. I have no complaint at the criticism (I 
am rather flattered at being mistaken for a high-brow) for 
I am grateful for any reaction concerning the work of the 
committee and fear nothing in the Institute but the indiffer- 
ence of its members. I merely wanted to say that the com- 
mittee worked more, perhaps, on the program than any pre- 
vious committee ever worked, devoting whole evenings to 
concerted meetings on the subjects. But when the time came 
for the papers to be read a chain of accidents brought it about 
frequently that there was no one present. The committee 
would then meet and with fear and trembling and a pad of 
paper to plan how we could induce some one to relieve us in our 
disappointment. I am wondering, since we were able to scare 
up a genuine "high-brow" program on the spur of the moment, 
just what wonders we might not have accomplished if our 
mature plans had been carried out! 

Ellsworth Paris. 
Chicago Members Meet 

The suggestion has frequently been made, though but sel- 
dom acted upon, that whenever several C. I. members live 
in the same vicinity they should endeavor to hold occasional 
meetings. The Chicago members intend to adopt this sug- 
gestion Friday evening, November 12th, which happens to 
be the seventh anniversary of the suspension of the Scroll. 
At six p. m. a dinner will be served in a private dining room 
of the City Club, 315 Plymouth Place. Brief speeches will 
be made by Ames, Willett, and Jordan, on different periods 
of C. I. history, and Henry will present a statement of our 
membership statistics. The affair will be entirely informal 
both in dress and in management and every one present will 
be given a chance to contribute his share to the feast of rea- 
son. Reservations at 85c per plate should be sent promptly 
to our secretary E. A. Henry, University of Chicago. Sepa- 
rate notices will be sent to members living in Chicago, but 
all members, wherever their abode, will be welcomed. 


By Silas Jones 
The Background of the Gospels 

By William Fairweather, Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1911 
(Second Edition) 

It is the conviction of the author that in the period begin- 
ning the Maccabean revolt and ending with the destruction 
of Jerusalem, we can see a national religion on the way to 
become universal and the ceremonial in process of being 
superseded by the spiritual. The drift toward universalism 
Vv-as stimulated by the Diaspora and strengthened by the de- 
tachmient of piety from the national life and by the creation 
of new spiritual terms, such as the canon of Scripture, the 
synagogue service, and the cultivation of life under the law. 
The impulse to expand and organize came from the Maccabean 
struggle. The pre-eminence of Judaism is emphasized. Yet 
the universalism toward which Judaism was tending was 
never reached. The national particularism placed its fetters 
upon piety. 

Chapter one is the most important chapter. It is a discus- 
sion of the fundamental characteristics of Judaism. The rela- 
tionship between God and his people, as the Jew conceived 
it, was legal and national. Jewish ethics assumed a national 
and ecclesiastical character.- Everything that distinguished 
the Jevv's from other men was made a part of their religion. 
Intolerable as the legal requirements seem to us, they were 
not irksome to all the Jews. There was a tendency toward 
individualism in Judaism which was a part of a world-wide 
movement. Judaism was influenced in secondary points by 
Babylonian ideas. Persian influence is seen in the spheres 
of angelology, mythology, cosmology, and eschatology. Life 
and manners were modified by Greek influence much more 
than doctrine. Hellenism stamped itself upon the language 
and literature, the commercial, social, and political life of the 
Jewish people. 

In other chapters are useful presentations of the facts 
respecting Pre-Maccabean Judaism, the Maccabean struggle, 
Brief comments indicate the character and value of the more 
Palistinian Judaism, the Herodian age, the apocalypvic move- 
ment and literature, and Hellenistic Judaism. The writer is 


not fond of novelties in style or theories. His treatment is 
more extended than that generally found in handbooks on this 
period and for this reason it is especially valuable. Debatable 
questions, and questions interesting for other reasons, are 
discussed in notes in appendix I. Appendix II is a biblio- 
graphy. The books are listed in their chronological order. 
Brief comments indicate the character and value of the more 
important books. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 

The literature of the European War has already reached 
extensive proportions. From the very first weeks of the con- 
flict books began to appear dealing either directly or indi- 
rectly with it. B3' November, 1914, the New York Times 
list included 107 titles. This number was increased by 172 
works in April, 1915, and by 262 books in October, and the 
end is not vet, for new publications are appearing at the rate 
of ten or more per week. It is interesting to note tliat books 
dealing with Germany form a larger percent of the total 
than those relating to any other belligerent. 

During the early months of the war the output consisted 
of controversial books, and works on militarism and on the 
political, social and economic conditions of the various coun- 
tries. Later the proportion of controversial books decreased, 
while those dealing specifically with the war increased. Among 
the latter are diplomatic and other official documents, ac- 
counts of eye-witnesses, poetry and fiction relating to the 
war, and books drawing lessons for the United States and 
dealing with the cause of world peace. 

Among the collections of official documents are "Docu- 
ments Regarding the European War" (9th series, American 
Association for International Conciliation); "Collected Diplo- 
matic Documents Relating to the Outbreak of the European 
War" (Doran); "The Protection of Neutral Rights at Sea" 
(Sturgis, Walton), by W. R. Shepherd; and. "Report of the 
Committee on Alleged German Atrocities" (McMillan), edited 
by James Bryce. Numerous eye-witnesses have published their 
impressions and vivid descriptions of the fighting and all 


serve to emphasize the horrors of the struggle. Of this class 
are, "With Britain and Gaul at War" (Dodd, Mead), by 
Frederick Palmer, one of the best descriptions of the first 
year's fighting; "With the Allies" (Scribner's), by Richard 
Harding Davis; "Paths of Glory" (Doran), by Irvin S. Cobb; 
'Field Notes from the Russian Front" (Scribner's), by Stan- 
ley Washburn; and "Behind the Scenes in Warring Germany" 
(McBride, Nast), by Edward Lyell Fox. 

Military preparedness is the lesson drawn for America in 
"Peace Insurance" (McClure), by Richard Stockton, Jr.; 
■'America and World War (Scribner's), by Theodore Roose- 
velt, and other volumes. Peace plans are presented in "The 
Road Toward Peace" (Houghton, Mifflin), by Charles W. 
Eliot; "The Future of World Peace" (Babson's Statistical 
Organization), by Roger W. Babson, and "The Maze of the 
Nations and the Way Out," by Gains G. Atkins, the Carnegie 
Church Peace Union prize essay on pacification. The revival 
of the Darwinian theory as a defense of war has called 
forth "War and the Breed" (Beacon Press), by David Starr 
Jordan, which disproves that war aids progress. Among the 
recent controversial books, "I Accuse" (Doran), is a powerful 
indictment of the German government by a former German 
official. Formal and extended histories, already in course 
of publication, are "The Great War" (George Barrie's), by 
Prof. George H. Allen, the first volume treats of the causes 
of the war; and "Genesis of the Great War" 'Putnam's), by 
Briggs Davenport, which is to be an exhaustive treatise. 
"Diplomacy of the War of 1915: The Beginning of the War" 
(Houghton, Mifflin), by Prof. E. C. Stowell, is one of the 
best serious studies which has appeared. 

The Chicago Ministerial Association has organized with 
O. F. Jordan as President and H. L. Willet as Vice-Presi- 
dent. Dr. Willett read the first paper on "The Bible and 
the Community." Dr. Ames read on Nov. 1 under the subject 
"The Passing of Protestantism." No one need fear that 
he is about to follow R. J. Campbell's example. He is 
not advocating Catholicism. He is an advocate of a new 
and positive faith which he calls, "The Religion of the Spirit," 
a thing that is social, scientific and free. 



By Ellsworth Faris 

One of the most important recent philosophical books is 
undoubtedly John Dewey's "German Philosophy and Politics," 
published last summer by Henry Holt and Company. Written 
in the dispassionate and somewhat technical manner of the 
teacher of philosophy, the book reveals, nevertheless, the 
heart's desire of a patriot for his countrymen. It is, in one 
respect, a plea for an American philosophy which will be 
the expression of the best in our national life. He hopes that 
Americans may take seriously the lesson of the present Euro- 
pean situation and that we may begin an era of constructive 
planning. "A philosopy which should articulate and con- 
solidate the ideas to which our social practice commits us 
would clarify and guide our future endeavor." Such a philoso- 
phy would have regard to the way in which the American 
nation has grown great and rich and powerful, by means of 
careful, honest, open-minded experimentation. 

The author shows that Bernhardt is not to be credited 
(or blamed) for the militarism of Prussia. Nor is it any 
better to refer it to the teaching of Nietzsche. It is to 
Kant that the trail leads, and in the division of the two 
worlds of science and of morals together with a set of "a 
priori" categories are discovered the dragon's teeth from which 
the armed host has sprung. At the very least the military 
spirit found justification in the Kantian philosophy. 

The book is in reality an indictment of absolutism. For 
while Kant may leave his absolute empty of content, Hegel 
follows and supplies the lack by an idealization of the exis- 
tent. The goal of history seemed to him to be the German 

This is one cause for the egotism of the German. To 
him the German race is the realization of a divine idea. They 
are the chosen people of God. They have the universal spirit. 
Great men are German. Shakespeare is German for he is a 
universal spirit. If there should arise a great men in France. 
it is because of his German quality. "Other nations are proud 
of their great men, the Germans are proud of themselves for 
producing Luther." 

If the war is the occasion leading us to consider the pre- 


suppositions of our national life, it will be largely on account 
of the splendid efforts of such men as Professor Dewey who 
speaks nowhere more clearly than in this book. 


By John Ray Ewers 

Today I would sing the praises of system. I know that 
some are already beginning to deride "Efficiency," but never- 
theless, I am strongly for it. We have not too much machin- 
ery — good machinery. Stop talking platitudes. Think before 
you speak. Power? Yes — machinery and power — but ma- 

I have never been so happy in my life. We have graded 
our Sunday school and made the Every-Member Canvass 
already this autumn, and both were fearlessly, thoroughly and 
successfully done. I find myself surrounded by thorough- 
going men and women who demand that things shall be 
done in the best possible way. It cheers one's heart, I tell you. 

For twenty-five years this church had indulged a Bible 
school but one-half graded. Now the school is a school. 
Eager boys and girls surround tables with interesting teachers. 
Each class has a separate room and the work is real, educa- 
tional stuflf. It is a school of religion — like Yale — only not so 

And that "Every-Member Canvass." Twenty-six picked 
men drilled for a month; automobiles speeding; people at 
home; troubles settled; invitations given; new members found; 
plenty of money pledged. Power for the machinery! Money 
makes the minister and the choir go! Also the missionaries. 
One man gave one-tenth of the entire missionary budget. 
Big business for God. 

Prayer-meeting was turned into a Bible Study Club with Club 
methods. One hundred attending and lectures on one book 
each night, right through the Bible beginning with Genesis. 
Modern ideas and the Club growing. System. That's it. 
Efficiency. Machinery — and thank Heaven — power to make the 
wheels go round! 

F. F. Grim leaves Beckley, W. Va., for the pastorate of 
the splendid old church at Lawrenceburg, Ky. 



By Fred E. Lumley 

"Amid the solemnities of the closing weeks of the life of 
our Lord on earth, two desires for his disciples stand out pre- 
eminent, Unity and Missions. Many other duties were left 
to be developed from his teachings, but these two were among 
those that were specifically emphasized. But while his imme- 
diate followers were characterized by Unity and Missions, 
their successors soon lost both. It is significant that with 
this loss came the decline of spiritual power. Now the fol- 
lowers of Christ are turning again to Unity and Missions. 
Some experience in missionary administration has convinced 
me that the two subjects are indissolubly connected. In pro- 
portion as the church becomes missionary, it feels the need 
of unity, for it is futile to expect a divided Church to evan- 
gelize the world." 

These words sound familiar. They ring true to "our plea." 
Many of us have said them. They emphasize what we have 
long emphasized. They sound as if they had been written by 
one of our own churchm,en. But they were not. They were 
written by a Presbyterian, Dr. Arthur Judson Brown. They 
are the opening words of his new book, "Unity and Missions," 
which is an attempt to answer the question, Can a Divided 
church save the world? 

Most of our arguments in favor of unity have been mainly 
theoretical, so to speak. The argument of this book is very 
practical. It grows out of Dr. Brown's experience and the 
experiences of many missionary statesmen, which experiences 
convince them that unity is a condition of success in world 
evangelization. Some of the very interesting topics discussed 
are: The Present Unfortunate Situation in This and Other 
Lands, Are Denominational Teachings any Longer Dis- 
tinctive? Some Misleading Assumptions, Objections, Dangers 
in Dogmatism, Accepted Essentials of Christianity, Various 
Expedients for Unity, Examples of Cooperative Work now 
Practicable, Anglican Proposals, Can Organic Union Be Long 
Delayed? The book is very readable and is a fresh pre- 
sentation of a subject upon which we have had a good deal 
to sav. 


By Chas. E. Underwood 
Recent Old Testament Text Books 

For decades past scholarly men have applied scientific 
principles to investigation of the problems of the Hebrew 
and Christian Scriptures. Technical periodicals and books in 
abundance have heralded their discoveries. 

Sometimes the contributions of these scholars werr^ r,rir^- 
less; sometimes they contained but the "two grains of wheat 
in two bushels of chafi'." However, the patient work of these 
scholars has born abundant fruit in more careful Bible study, 
in a truer estimate of the Bible's teaching and influence, and 
in the enlistment of great educators in support of systematic 
Bible study. 

Meanwhile the science of Psychology has proved a strong 
supplement to the scholarly influence of Bible students. Psy- 
chology has revolutionized our educational systems, and sup- 
planted with its new conceptions the preconceived notions 
of the older educational tenets. Educators now know that 
the man who is not guided by the great life principles has 
not completed his education, has not even rounded out any 
portion of that education, not even at the earliest stages. 
These life principles, educators tell us, are rooted in religion. 
Bible study gives the surest opportunity for the study of 
religion and the acquisition of principles for life guid-ince. 
Such is the verdict of the educator. 

Scientific Bible study has been considered necessary for 
the training of the minister. The modern educational theories 
make it essential for the layman. To assist in this study 
many text books have been written in recent years. 

The scientific, highly technical books, still come from the 
press for the education of those trained to use them. Graded 
lessons urdrr different auspices have found their way into 
the Sunday Schools. Text books interpreting the Bible mes- 
sages, text books on Hebrew literature, text books on Hebrew 
ond Jewish History, text books on the application of Bible 
teachings to present-day problems, have found their way into 
our colleges and provide courses for High School credit. For 
the present we shall be interested in the examination of text 
books for us in colleges and universities, specially for under- 


graduates. These books are, so far as we shall review them, 
within easy reach, and either tested by teaching or carefully 
read. The first review will be given next issue. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 
"Roman Ideas of Deity" 

By W. Warde Fowler, London: Macmillan & Co., 1914. 
Pp. VII + 167. 

This volume forms a sequel to the same author's "Religious 
Experience of the Roman People," 1911. From the strange 
conglomeration of religious and philosophical ideas in the 
first century B. C. he attempts to discover what beliefs then 
prevalent tended towards monotheism. The fact that a 
Roman's interest centered in cult and rites rather than in 
their deity made the conception of divinity difficult for him. 
Nevertheless, Fowler traces four lines of growth: (1) family 
worship derived from a traditional animism; (2) state wor- 
ship (3) reverence for fate under the guise of Fortuna; 
and (4) deification of great men. The state gods had once 
been functional powers (numina), especially in agricultural 
life, and as the normal Roman lost contact with this world, 
these divinities became moribund. At every turn, therefore, 
Fowler must distinguish between a genuine, living faith and 
the conventional repetition of bygone beliefs of learned bor- 
rowings from Greek sources. 

The fourth of these topics is most interesting and is elabor- 
ated in chapters I and V. The exaltation of a powerful man 
into a good or superman was an exotic idea of Rome, but 
Italian soil was then in a condition favorable to its genera- 
tion. It is no longer necessary to regard such a practice as 
mere adulation. In that period of cruelty, injustice, misery, 
and endless warfare what aid were the old deities rendering 
their worshipers? If a man made the conditions of living 
more tolerable, it was natural enough to regard him as more 
than human. The deification of Augustus was prompted by 
sincere devotion for one who had wrought great things for 
the world. Vergil, e. g., seems never to speak of Augustus 
as divine except when thinking of him as "doing some good 


service for men, as giving peace to men after a century of 
anarchy." Whatever was debasing in the Egyptian or Orien- 
tal worship of a living man was at first avoided at Rome by 
deifying only the deceased. To think of a dead man as 
apotheosized, as a natural result of his good works on earth 
and as legally recognized by the state, was in harmony with 
the Roman idea of genius and with the Stoic doctrine of the 
scale of existence. A final chapter, however, shows the speedy 
degradation of this notion. 

To Christian thinkers the chief interest of Fowler's book, 

though he does not himself refer to the matter, lies in the 

»* fact that, centuries later, when certain sections of Roman 

Catholic theology were framed, the ideas enumerated in this 

work still exercised an influence. 


By Lee E. Cannon 

Owen Wister's "The Pentecost of Calamity" (Macmillan, 
1915, .50) is a well-written and thoughtful discussion of one 
phase of the war, and America's relation to it. The author 
feels that the "old Germany" of before the 70's has been so 
Prussianized that she is now a case for tlie alienist, and that 
her present policy is equivalent to rocking the boat in which 
we also have a place. In conclusion, he exorts Americi to 
find her soul, the losing of which would be worse than war. 

Chapter XI, a compilation of excerpts, impresses me as 
an unfair method. By such a process nearly anything might 
be proven. 

In conjunction with this book, I should like to recommend 
Prof. Francke's "The True Germany," in the October "At- 

Clarence Hawkes' "Hitting the Dark Trail," (Holt, 1915, $1) 
is the story of the blind Naturalist's courageous fight for 
"inner light." No one can read, unmoved, this simple tale 
of struggle, and achievement against odds. It is more fas- 
cinating than a "best seller." The chapter on the "Psychol- 
ogy of Blindness" is of especial interest. 

A translation of selections from the "Poems of Emile Ver- 
haeren" (John Lane, 1915, $1.00) by Alma Strettell, aflFords an 


excellent introduction to the Belgian poet, whom a recent 
writer calls the "poet of industrial revolution." Verhaeren 
expresses the will to live energetically, ever striving onward. 
He is very sensitive to Beauty in Nature, but holds that su- 
preme Beauty is to be found in man. "And so I feel that 
my earlier Nature-poems are destined, as it were, for a back- 
ground on which to paint my higher vision — the progress of 
the man towards the ideal life." Verhaeren, as Maeterlinck 
says, "represents worthily that which is great and heroic in 
a people." 

Many of the masterpieces of Russian literature are now 
being offered to English readers. I should like to call atten- 
tion to Gogol's "Dead Souls" (Stokes, 1915, $1.25) which is 
one of the best of Russian novels. Pushkin, on hearing the 
first chapter, is reported to have said, "God, what a sad 
country Russia is." The hero, Chichikov, has become a t3''pe 
"scoundrel." In his swindling travels he wanders over much 
of Russia and meets nearly every kind of person. 

Henderson's "The Changing Drama" (Holt, 1915, $i.50) is 
an attempt to show how the drama reflects "the spirit and 
tendency of the life of our era," for as Mr. Henderson says, 
"The drama of our era has played a pre-eminent role in 
stirring us to the assertion of individual freedom, awakvring 
our sense of social obligation, and holding the balance true 
between our individual rights and our social duties." 

Members of the C. I. might enjoy especially the chapters 
on Drama in the New Age, Science and the New Drama, and 
Realism and the Pulpit Stage. 


By ii. C. Armstrong 
A Vocational Ideal 

A worth-while suggestion may be passed on to pastors and 
superintendents by an experiment that is being tried in one 
of the Bible Schools of Baltimore. It is a venture in voca- 
tional training. In a class of boys approaching seventeen, 
the age at which the "exodus" takes place in boys' classes, 
the pastor is identifying himself with the work as associate 
teacher. This of course with the heartiest co-operation of 


the regular teacher. After some months of this relation the 
plan was presented to the class of devoting one Sunday each 
month to the study of the official organization of the Church 
and the duties and qualifications of its officers, dealing with 
the Church as an organization for service and with its offices 
as opportunities for definite work. The aim is to set forth 
in terms of present-day ideals of Christian character and 
efficiency what each officer ought to be and what he is to do. 

The first studies deal with the elders and the deacons, the 
kind of men they should be by temper and training and the 
kind of service they are chosen to render. With this as back- 
ground the studies proceed to set forth the work and qualifica- 
tions of the Chairman of the Board, of the Church Clerk, of 
the Financial Secretary, and of the Treasurer. Further studies 
will take up the work of the various Church Com^nittees. 
Other studies will consider the work of the Bible School offi- 
cers and teachers. Also the larger organization of the Church 
will be studied to show the relation of the local Church to 
the organization of these bodies and the qualifications and 
duties of their officers. 

The boys have responded eagerly to this program and are 
m.anifesting a lively interest in it. The result of the first 
studies was that every boy seemed to be much impressed with 
the conviction that it is greatly worth while to be the kind 
of man needed for office in the modern Church. 

The pedagogical factor involved in this enterprise is that 
these boys are just at this age thinking about life work and 
vocation in the world. It is a logical thing, therefore, that 
they should be guided now also in their thought about Chris- 
tian life work and Church vocation. As the studies continue 
the effort will be made to impress the boys with the im- 
portance and joy of practical service in these definite ways. 
Thus it is hoped that the boys may be kept interested in the 
class and held for the Church, and that the Church may 
finally find in them men of training and fitness for efficient 
service in its offices. 

Perry J. Rice has been chosen Disciple representative on 
the All-South Christian Endeavor Extension of the United 


By Edward A. Henry 

Several more new members have accepted their election 
since the list published in the last Bulletin. 

J. C. Archer, a new Regular Member, is a Professor in the 
Department of Missions of Yale University. He has spent 
several years in India and is greatly loved for his work's sake 
wherever he is known. He writes that his work is starting 
ofif finely in Yale and he looks forward to a happy year. 

E. W. Corn, another Regular Member, graduated from Yals 
last June and is settled in his v/ork now at Dunmore, Pa. 
He finds himself very busy getting started but welcomes the 
invitation to membership in the Institute. 

Rodney L. McQuary, a new Associate Member, is a Senior 
in Yale this year and Editor of the magazine published by 
the students of the Divinity School. 

Among the changes of address to be noted are the fol- 

C. G. Baker is located at 41 North Holmes Ave., Indian- 
apolis. He writes that the fellowship of the Indianapolis 
preachers is most pleasant and helpful. His own work in the 
West Park Church is starting of¥ nicely. 

Jasper T. Moses is teaching Spanish in the Centennial High 
School at Pueblo and also in the Extension Department of 
the University of Colorado. His address is 2813 High St., 
Pueblo, Colo. 

V. T. Wood is teaching at Canton, Mo., this year and 
preaching for the churches at LaGrange and Peaksville, Mo. 

C. G. Brelos has accepted the church at West Pullman, 
Chicago, but we have not yet learned his local address there. 

Carl Burkhardt has moved from Lexington, Mo., to Frank- 
lin, Ind. He is a Butler and Yale man and well equipped for 
the work in Franklin. 

Just after the last Bulletin was in type we received a long 
and fine letter from A. L. Cole. He is happily located as 
pastor of the old Cecil St. Church in Toronto, Canada. This 
is one of our oldest and best churches in the Dominion. He 
was married July 1 and started for California where they en- 
joyed the convention, the exposition and sights innumerable. 
They are happy to be settled and house-keeping. Their ad- 


dress is 198 Robert St., Toronto. 

Asa McDaniel, since resigning at Harvey, 111., has been 
staying at his wife's old home in Dayton, O., for a time. He 
ought to be located in some good church soon, for he is an 
able pastor and preacher. 

Joseph A. Serena and Miss Virginia Hearne of Lexington, 
Ky., were united in marriage at Catlettsburg, Ky., on October 
2, by Pres. A. McLean. Miss Hearne was well known to 
m.any of our members who have spent summers in Chicago 
as well as to those who knew her in her home state and in 
Texas where she worked some time. Every member of the 
InEtitute joins in heartiest congratulations to both Mr. and 
Mrs. Serena. They will soon be located in Fulton, Mo., 
v.^here he becomes President of William Woods College. 

Richard W. Wallace seems enamored of Lexington. He 
moves from Lexington. Ky., to Lexington, Mo., where we are 
confident he will repeat his success in the first Lexington. 

R. L. Handley is rejoicing in his new work at Virden, 111., 
especially in a new $5,000 parsonage. He is taking particular 
interest in boy work and held a special service for them re- 

Cloyd Goodnight of L^niontown, Pa., spent several Sundays 
recently visiting other churches in the interest of state mis- 
sions. This energetic pastor is not content to serve his own 
church but acts as a sort of bishop of his county and some 
country round about. 

A. W. Fortune was one of the Bible Lecturers at the Rural 
Church Institute held in North Middletown, Ky., Oct. 18-22. 

All of our men are very much interested in the call of Finis 
Idleman from Des Moines Central to New York Central where 
he succeeds J. M. Philputt. His accceptance of this work is 
certainly a splendid venture in faith as the Christian Century 
calls it. Bro. Idleman plans to begin in New York on Jan. 
1 in spite of the fact that the Des Moines admirers are mak- 
ing great efforts to keep him there. 

H. L. Willett is about again but not afoot for he has added 
a new Overland to his family furniture. Both the boys claim 
to be full fledged chaufifeurs and Mrs. Willet thinks she will 
soon be able to drive alone. 

Geo. B. Stewart has joined the goodly company of authors 


who have written books which they are reading to Sunday 
night audiences. His is "A Modern Nymph," a story of 
modern Hfe. 

Upon Oct. 17, Burris A. Jenkins began a meeting in the 
church of E. L. Powell at Louisville Ky. 

George Frank is conducting a meeting for W. F. Richard- 
son in Kansas City. 

Pres. Howe and the Butler College are rejoicing in an en- 
rollment of 397 this autumn, an increase of some 18% over 
last year. 

H. G. Burgess has organized the Bible School at Canton 
along public school lines with courses beginning Oct. 1 and 
closing in June with commencement exercises. A Summer 
school is also a part of the plan. 

The National Temperance Board includes among its newly 
re-elected officers David H. Shields as President and E. E. 
Moorman as Secretary. 

Howard E. Jensen held a meeting at Chanute, Kans., 
during September which resulted in 30 additions to the church 
of which C. A. Blackman is minister. 

We are in receipt of a long and friendly letter from George 
B. Van Arsdall. He reports that the fundamental cause of 
his resigning from Central Church was impaired health. He 
did not contradict the newspaper stories because he did not 
wish to advertise himself as broken, which he was not. Since 
laying aside the many cares of his pulpit he has gained in 
weight and feels at least fifty per cent improved in strength 
and spirit. He quit in time to save what might have been 
serious trouble. He is supplying for the church while thej' 
look for a successor and expects to remain in the church 
while he works for the Equitable Life Insurance Society for 
a while. He closes, "I do not say that I will never be a 
pastor again. I love that work and have complete confidence 
in the ultimate triumph of the ideals of the C. I. men. But 
for the present I must look to the restoration of my health. 
Give my best to all the men. I like them immensely. I have 
not lost faith; I am optimistic about everything and I am en- 
joying my new work. I am invited to supply some church 
in Denver almost every Sunday and hope to do some good 
that wav." 


Regular Members. 


Allen, Frank Waller, First Christian Chui'ch, Springfield, 111. 
Ames, E. S., 5722 Kimbark Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Armstrong, C. J., 1401 John Ave., Superior, Wis. 
Armstrong, H. C, 744 Dolphin St., Baltimore, Md. 
Atkins, Henry Pearce, 1517 S. ITth St., Birmingham, Ala. 
Atkinson, Milo, 1132 S. Wellington St., Memphis, Tenn. 
Batman, Levi G., 1516 Florencedale Ave., Youngstown, Ohio. 
Blair, Verle W., Eureka, 111., 
Boynton, Edwin C, Belton, Texas. 
Brelos, C. G., West Pullman, Chicago. 
Burgess, Henry G., Canton. Mo. 
Burkhardt. Carl A.. Franklin. Ind. 
Burns, H. F., Oslikosh, Wis. 
Campbell, Geo. A., Hannibal, Mo. 
Chapman, A. L., Bozeman. Mont. 
Cole, A. L.. 198 Robert St.. Toronto. ()nt.. Canada. 
Corn, E. W., 310 N. Blakely St., Dunmore, Pa. 
Cree, Howard T., Augusta, Ga. 
Dabney. Vaughan. .320 Hobart St.. Oakland, Cal. 
Dailey, B. F.. Greenfield, Ind. 

Earley, Chas. S., 302 North C St., Oskaloosa, Iowa. 
Endres, W. D., SlOVs Oak St., Quincy, 111. 
Ewers, J. R., 6002 Alder St., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Frank, Robert Graham, Libertv. Mo. 
(iarvin, ,J. L.. 90(t E. Gist St. Chicago. 
Gentry, Richard W.. 802 E. Tenth St., Winfield, Kans. 
Givens, John P., Carbondale, 111. 

Goldner, .J. H., Euclid and Streator Aves., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Grim, F. F., Lawrenceburg, Ky. 

Henry, Edward A., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Hill, Harry G., 52 Irvington Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Hill, J. Sherman, Paola, Kans. 
Hoover, G. I., .5324 Julian Ave., Indianapolis. Ind. 
Hotaling, Lewis R., State Line, Ind. 
Hunter, Austin, 2431 Flournoy St., Chicago, 111. 
Idleman, Finis S., 657 Eighteenth St., Des Moines, la . 
Jenkins, Burris A., 2812 Charlotte St., Kansas City, Mo. 
Jones. Edgar DeWitt, 805 Front St., Bloomington, 111. 
Jordan, 0. F., 831 Washinglon St., Evanston, 111. 
Loken, H. J., Berkeley, Cal. 
McCartney, J. H., Modesto, Cal. 
McKee, John, 268 Elm St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Maclachlan, H. D. C, Seventh St. Christian Church, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Marshall, Levi, Nevada. Mo. 

MoflFett. Frank L., 604 Cherry St.. Springlield, Mo. 


Moffett, Geo. L., Pendleton, Ind. 

Moorman, E. E., 235 Rural St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Morgan, Leslie W., "Wringcliff," Priory Rd., Hornsey, London, 

Morrison, C. C, 706 E. Fiftieth r^lace. Chicago, 111. 

Myers, J. P., 3028 Capitol Ave.. Indianapolis, Ind. 

Parvin, Ira L., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Payne, Wallace C, College of Missions, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Philputt, Allan B., 505 N. Delaware St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Philputt, James M., 142 W. Eighty-first St., New York, N. Y. 

Pike, Grant E., Lisbon, Ohio. 

Place, Alfred W., Bowling Green, Ohio. 

Reidenbach, Clai-eufe. Milford, Conn. 

Rice, Perry J., 915 Lee St., El Paso, Texas. 

Rothenburger, W. F., 4518 Franklin Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rounds, Wftlter S . Tavlorville, 111. 

Rowlison. C. C, 919 Main St., La Crosse, Wis. 

Schooling, L. P.. Standard, Alberta, Canada. 

Shields, David H., 915 W. Walnut St., Kokomo, Ind. 

Smith, W. H.. 203 E. Kirkwood Ave., Bloomington, Ind. 

Stewart, Geo. B., 74 W. 126th St., New York. 

Van Arsdall, Geo. B., 541 Equitable Bldg., Denver, Colo. 

Waite, Claire L., 204 Atkinson St., Cincinnati, O. 

Ward, A. L., Lebanon, Ind. 

Waters, Baxter, Lathrop, Mo. 

Winders. C. H., 108 S. Ritter Ave.. Indianapolis, Ind. 

Winn, Walter G. 4323 N. Kedvale Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Winter, Truman E.. 1102 S. Forty-sixth St., Philadelphin, Pa. 


Archer, J. Clark, 571 Orange St., New Haven, Conn. 
Boyer, E. E., Eureka, 111. 

Braden, Arthur, 1300 Mount Oread, Lavvrence, Kans. 
Cannon, Lee E., Eureka. 111. 
Carr, W. L., .5722 Kenwood Ave.. Chicago. 
Clark, 0. B., 1234 Thirty-second St., Des Moines, la. 
Coleman, C. B., 56 Irvington Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Compton, Jas. S., Eureka, 111. 

Cory, C. E. Washington University, St. Louis. Mo. 
Deming, J. L., 169 Bishop St., New Haven Conn. 
Edwards, G. D., Bible College, Colmnbia, Mo. 
Eskridge. J. B., Weatlierford, Okla. 
Faris. Ellsworth, L^ni. of Iowa, Iowa City. la. 
Flickinger, Roy C, Northwestern University, Evanston. 111. 
Fortune, A. W., 624 Ellsmere Park, Lexington. Ky. 
Garn, Herbert M., Canton, Mo. 
Garrison, W. E., Claremont, Cal. 
Gates, Errett. 5616 Kenwood Ave., Chicaso, 111. 
Gibbs, Walter C. 515 S. Fifth St., Columbia. Mo. 
(Jrav, A. C. Eureka, 111. 
Guy, H. H., 2514 Hast« St.. Berkeley. Cal. 


Hill, Roscoe R.. Uni. of N. Mexico, All)uquerque, N. Mexico. 

Holmts, Arthur, Penn. State College, State College, Pa. 

Hopkins, Louis A., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Howe, Thos. C, Butler College, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Howell, Wni. R., Beckley Institute, Beckley, W. Va. 

Jewett, Frank L., 2009 University Ave., Austin, Texas. 

Jones, Silas, Eureka, 111. 

Kirk, Sherman, 2830 University Ave., Des Moines, la. 

Lockhart, Chas. A., Canton, Mo. 

Lockhart, Clinton, Fort Worth, Texas. 

Lumlev, Fred E., College of Missions, Indianapolis, Ind. 

McClean, Lee D., 39 McLellan St., Brunswick, Me. 

Martin, Herbert, Drake University, Des Moines, la. 

Morehouse, D. W., Drake University, Des Moines, la. 

Norton, F. 0., Drake University, Des Moines, la. 

Park, Robert E., Uni. of Chicago. Chicago. 

Parker, W. A,, Pomona College, Claremont, Cal. 

Peckliam, Geo. A., Hiram, Ohio. 

Plum, H. G., Universitv of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Pritchard. H. 0., Eureka, 111. 

Rainwater, Clarence E., 7301 Harvard Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Ritchey, Chas. .J., 51 M. D. Hall. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Robison, H. B., Canton, Mo. 

Serena. Joseph H., William Woods College. Fulton, Mo. 

Sharpe, Chas. M.. University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Smith, i;aymond A.. Beckley Institute, Beckley, W. Va. 

Talbert, E. L., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Tavlor, Alva W^.. 708 Providence Road, Columbia, Mo. 

Taylor, Carl C, 207 S. Ninth St., Columbia, Mo. 

Todd, E. M., Canton, Mo. 

Trainum, Ohio Northern University, Ada, O. 

Underwood, Chas. E., Butler College, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Vannoy, Chas. A., Canton. Mo. 

Veatch, A. D., 1423 Twenty-third St., Des Moines, la. 

Vernier, C. G., 803 W. Main St., Urbana, 111. 

Willett, Herbert L., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 


Grainger, O. J., Mvmgeli, C. P., India. 

Hamilton, Clarence H., LTniversity of Nanking, Nanking, China. 

Sarvis, Guy W^, LTniversity of Nanking, Nanking, China. 


Arnot, E. J., Ass'n Bldg., Adrian, Mich. 

Logan, Wellington M.. Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 


Crowley, W. A., 120 M. D. Hall, Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Lobingier, J. Leslie. 46 M D. Hall, Uni. of Chicago. Chicago. 
MacDougall, W. C, .5815 Drexel Ave.. Chicago. 
Honorary Members. 

Breeden, H. 0., 1038 St.. Fresno, Cal. 
Garrison. J. H.. 2712 Pine St., St. Louis. Mo. 


Haley, J. J., Christian Colony, Acampo, Cal. 
Lobingier, Charles S., Shanghai, China. 
MacOlintock, W. D., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Powell, E. L., First Christian Church, Louisville, Ky. 
Associate Members. 


Alcorn, W. G., Monroe City, Mo. 
Arnot, J. K., Musselshell, Mont. 

Baker, C. G., 41 N. Holmes Ave, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Buckner, C. C, Connellsville, Pa. 

Cartwright, Lin D., 202 W. Magnolia St., Ft. Collins, Colo. 
Cordell, H. W., Gurnee, 111. 
Dean, Tom, Jacksonville, Texas. 
Goodnight, Cloyd, Uniontown, Pa. 
Handley, Royal L., Virden, 111. 
Jensen, Howard E., 6053 Ellis Ave., Chicago. 
McDaniel, Asa. 167 Salem Ave., Dayton, (). 

McQuary, Rodney L., 680 Taylor Hall, Yale Univ., New 
Haven, Conn. 
McQueen, A. R., 5322 Race St., Chicago. 
Nichols, Fred S., 1010 E. Washington St., Iowa City, Iowa. 
Pearce, Chas. A., Marion, Ohio. 

Stubbs, John F., 36 M. D. Hall, U. of Chicago. Chicago. 
Wallace, Richard W., Lexington, Mo. 
Wolfe. J. F.. Rata via. 111. 


Deming, Fred K., 1341 Twenty-eighth St., Des Moines, la. 
Moses. Jasper T., Pneblo. Cohx 
Wood, V. T., Canton, Mo. 


Reavis, T. F., Cramer 26.54, Belgrano, Buenos Aires. Argentina, 
South America. 

Co-operating Members. 
Collins, C. U., Physician, 427 Jefferson Bldg., Peoria, 111. 
Cowherd, Fletcher, Real Estate, 9th and (Jvand, Kansas City, Mo. 
Haile, E. M., Real Estate, Kingman, Kan. 

Hawkins, O. A., Real Estate, Richmond Trust and Savings 
Bank, Richmond, Va. 
Henry, Judge Frederick A., 1820 Citizens Bldg., Cleveland, O. 
Hill, J. C, Real Estate. 311 Bryant Bldg.. Kansas City, Mo. 
Leach, Percy, Farmer, R. R. No. 2, Box 62, Hopkins, Minn. 
Lucas, Hardin, Teacher, State Normal School, Valley City, N. D. 
Minor, William E., Surgeon, lOtli and Oak. Kansas City, Mo. 
Morrison. Hugh T.. Physician, Springfield. 111. 
Throckmorton, C. W., Lawver, Traveler's Bldg., Richmond, 

Wakeley, Chas. R., Real Estate, 6027 University Ave., 

Webb, A. G., Business Man, 1874 E. 82nd St., Cleveland, O. 

Campbell 3n8titute Bulletin 



Times have changed for the Campbell Institute. Once 
there was serious talk on the part of a few about the organi- 
zation writing its "Last Will and Testament." Members re- 
signed each year because of supposed losses which they suf- 
fered from connection with this fellowship. Now we have 
every year applications from men who resigned who want 
back into the organization again. Two new applications of 
this character have been made since the last annual meeting. 
In five years the group has almost doubled in numbers. In 
the reign of terror, when head-hunters were abroad in the 
land, it was not surprising that some men should be hurt. 
A new and better day is now dawning, when the educated 
man among the Disciples is coming into his own. In this 
day, the right of such to organize to cultivate scholar- 
ship and the spiritual life fas stated in our constitution) will 
scarcely be denied longer by serious minded persons. Mean- 
while, the Campbell Institute has kept heart in many a 
lonely man on the firing line. It has prevented more than 
one man from falling into despair and leaving the Disciples. 
The fruits of our fellowship are recorded in the books of 
God. and they are real and abiding. 

The ministry is becoming again an honored profession. 
The theological seminaries are reporting an increase of stu- 
dents. The change of emphasis in religion has given to the 
minister an evident place in the community life. Young men 
will turn to any profession where there is a great service to 
render to the community. Youth is idealistic and only the 
call of the heroic, the call of devotion to the community life, 
will attract the best of them. The minister who preached 
a magical salvation from a mysterious future peril was not a 
very honored personality. The preacher who preaches a 
salvation in human experience from real dangers now at hand, 
is one to compel the admiration of the youth of our land. 



By Ellsworth Faris 
Mechanistic Psychology. 

Paulsen wrote long ago that the scientist would never 
cease his search for a causal nexus connecting the various 
phenomena of our human life. Very powerful voices are 
being heard these days, insisting that progress is making in 
the endeavor to state human life-phenomena in terms of chem- 
ical reactions. Jacques Loeb is one of the most prominent 
and his book on the "Physiology of the Brain" is the first of 
a series of publications that he has made with the same 
general viewpoint. His psychology is written from the point 
of view of a biologist who is interested particularly in simpler 

J. B. Watson has a much more recent work entitled, 
"Behavior," in which the effort to state the facts concerning 
the formation of habit in terms of neural mechanics is made 
from the point of view of the student of animal psychology. 
The word "psychology" is an awkvv^ard piece of luggage from 
an etymological standpoint and so Professor Watson is willing 
to drop it and use, instead, the term "Behavior," and calls 
himself a "Behaviorist" instead of a psychologist. He happens 
to be professor of psychology in Johns Hopkins University 
and president of the American Psychological Association this 
year. An interesting outcome of the controversy has been 
the denial, by the "behaviorists," of the image as a psycholog- 
ical fact. 

The most recent production in this line is ihe book by 
Grille, "Origin of the Emotions." It is a collection of ad- 
dresses delivered before various scientific and medical socie- 
ties. Crile's great contribution is to surgery in demonstrating 
the value of local anesthesia in addition to inhalation anesthe- 
sia to avoid surgical shock. He insists that all the eflfccts 
of emotion can be observed in a patient who has been uncon- 
scious during the operation. Fear, therefore, is a definite 
chemical effect resulting from definite additions to the blood 
from certain of the ductless glands. Tliis is his starting- 
point from which far-reaching generalizations are attempted. 

In the case of all these investigators, scholars have rea- 
son to be grateful for the added facts. These men do not spin 
ideas out of their heads but interpret new facts according to 
their best light. We may not join in their interpretation; we 
must take account of their facts. 


By Fred E. Lumley 

Many circumstances have recently combined to impress 
upon us the importance of Latin America. Among these may 
be recalled the trade conferences with South American repre- 
sentatives, the long and sanguinary struggles of the Mexicans 
trying to arrange some settled and satisfactory social system 
and incidentally (at least) the prodding of our own govern- 
ment into action by occasional picking off of United States' 
citizens, the final recognition of Carranza, a Protestant in atti- 
tude, as political leader in Mexican affairs, and last but not 
least, the approaching Latin American Conference of the 
Protestant churches, in which our own missionary, S. G. In- 
man, is the leading spirit. In view of all these movements, 
it is not too much to ask that Christian leaders become more 
informed about all the mysterious and rich country south of 
the Mexican border. And for this purpose many books are 
being written these days. There are historical, ethnographical, 
archaeological and other scientific studies in quantity. And in 
addition there is a growing literature of Catholic and Protes- 
tnt missionary efforts. 

One of the recent books to appear in our library is 
Hubert W. Brown's "Latin America." This comprises a series 
of lectures given at Princeton and other theological semi- 
naries by one who was a Presbyterian missionary in Mexico 
for sixteen years. It may be taken as a brief introduction 
to the study of the pagan religion and life of all Latin 
America and the Protestants. The chapter titles suggest that 
the author is fond of alliteration. They v^&: The Pagans, 
The Papists, The Patriots, The Protestants and The Present 
Problem. In the opening chapter there is an interesting com- 
parison between some of the native rites and beliefs and those 
of the Catholic church. It is quite evident how heathenism 
has left its ugly mark on the papal church. As the author 
sees this situation we have "a whole hemisphere lying in 
pagan ignorance and idolatry; then the conversion to Roman 
Catholicism of more than half of this vast area, giving the 
people some knowledge of God and Jesus Christ, but all 
rrarred by mariolatry and idolatrous worship of saints and 
degenarting, under the influence of wealth and power, into 
gross superstition nd corruption. Then the patriots opened 
the door of religious liberty and the Protstants entered with 
the open Bible which tells of Jesus Christ, the only Mediator 
and Saviour." The book is well written, is interesting and 
has a good bibliography. 



By Roscoe R. Hill 
With the outbreak of the present European War, Poland 
once more came into notice, because, in the struggles of her 
oppressors, is seen a gleam of hope and perhaps the Poles 
may sing with renewed confidence their popular song, 
"It is not yet all over with Polond, 
Not so long as we live." 
For more than a century the Polish people have been a 
nationality without a nation, and through the varied vicissi- 
tudes and misfortunes have refused to mingle with their con- 
querors. The Polish problem has been and is an ever pres- 
ent one to Prussia, Russia and Austria, the three powers which 
participated in the three partitions of Poland, in 1772, 1791, 
and 1795. Ninian Hill in "Poland and the Polish Question" 
(New York, Stokes, 1915), has given a readable and interesting 
account of the Polish people, their struggles and present con- 
ditions. Four chapters are devoted to the history of the 
Kingdom of Poland and its downfall. Poland's disappearance 
from the map of Europe is ascribed to its unprotected geo- 
graphical position, the avarice of its neighbors, the lack of 
proper leaders, the elective feature of the monarchy, religious 
diflferences and intolerance, and a lack of patriotism. Two 
chapters are devoted to the bloody struggles of the Poles 
to regain their independence during the Napoleonic regime, 
in 1830 and 1863. Chapter seven is a description of the pres- 
ent Prussian, Russian and Austrian Poland. The problems 
of each region are discussed and the accidentally greater success 
of Austria in solving the relationship with the Poles is pointed 
out. Chapter eight is devoted to the Polish Jew, a most inter- 
esting character. An animated description of the capitals of 
Poland, Posen, Cracow, and Warsaw, is given in chapter nine. 
Of especial interest is the account of the old University of 
Cracow, the home of polish culture and the place where Polish 
nationality has been sustained. The final chapter deals with 
the future of Poland, which is one of the problems that will 
be presented for solution at the close of the present conflict. 

Exchange Sermons and Tracts 

Many of our men are printing sermons, tracts, and 
pamphlets. We can mail a sermon with the Bulletin without 
extra expense. Send us 200 copies of your latest and we will 
send it to the members. 


By John Rat Ewers 
"A Voice from the Crowd" 

The most notable book for the year in our field is the 
Yale lectures on preaching, this year delivered by George 
Wharton Pepper. He is a prominent layman from Philadel- 
phia; an attorney and member of the Episcopal Church. 
Never before has a layman been called upon to deliver the 
Yale lectures. I shall review only the first of his six lec- 
tures in this issue. 

Chapter one is entitled, "The Man in the Pew." 

Much is demanded of the preacher; were his office less 
the criticism would be less severe. Young people are the 
hardest critics. They will not forgive unreality, sanctimonious- 
ness, affectation or self-satisfaction. The preacher must be 
a very good man and the man is more than the sermon. 
The minister should play golf and tennis and keep up his 
physical vigor, which, in attorney or preacher, goes a long 
way toward success. 

His business is most serious, although he must know 
how to put the play element into his work. His function is 
to "Help men see God." He encourages us to believe that the 
average man is susceptible to good preaching and appreciates 
its power. 

In response to a questionaire, seeking to ascertain what 
kind of sermon men wanted, he found the following: E;:po- 
sitions of scripture with reference to present-day problems, 
Doctrinal sermons. Sermons defining Christian conduct and 
Appeals to forsake sins. These are given in point of im- 
portance as indicated by the replies. We may be surprised 
at these answers and I am frank to say that my experience 
does not square with Mr. Pepper's. One of the finest things 
which he says in chapter one is this, "The preacher must lose 
himself in God to get his message and in men to deliver it." 

I reviewed the entire book for my congregation last Sun- 
day morning. It helped to define the mutual relation of min- 
ister and congregation. I shall not tell you how many of the 
ladies "Enjoyed the sermon"! 

It would be interesting to have Dr. Ames define the 
peculiar psj^chology of the religion of men like Pierpont Mor- 
gan, Mr. Pepper and others like them. In fact, the religion 
of big business men is very fascinating for me. It represents 
a distinct type. These men have powerful convictions. They 
are loval to their churches. Let us have a discussion of this. 



By J. L. Deming 

There is no question of greater importance in the modern 
world than of living, not unto ourselves, but as unto others. 
The great watch-v.ord of the age is efficiency. The religious 
world, as well as the business world, requires efficient living 
to bring success. The great men in all walks of life are 
bending their best energies toward that end. No question is 
more alive. It will not down. Live we must, but to make 
the life we live a success, we must learn to conserve the best 
that is in us. A practical and inspirational work applying 
the principles of personal efficiency to evcry-day problems of 
self-analysis and self-expression is that recently written by 
Edward Earle Purinton, entitled, "Efficient Living"; published 
by Robert M. McBride & Co. The author, who is Director 
of the "Independents' Efficiency Service," bases his conclu- 
sions on a personal study of over 500 efficiency methods and 
systems in Europe and America. Suggestive, to say the 
least, it fills the reader with that kind of inspiration which 
leads to a truer and more efficient service. Every reader of 
the "Institute" should read these pages so purposeful and 
helpful. No pastor should miss its content. Its true purpose 
is to teach the science of self-management — how to best pre- 
serve health and physical tone, social equipment, earning 
power, and true happiness. No book has found its way to 
my desk that is more helpful. 

A publication of the year akin to the above, which is an 
exposition of present political and social conditions in this 
country, is the interesting work of Paul Leland Haworth enti- 
tled, "America in Ferment." This pungent work is from 
the Bobbs-Merrill Press. It is so full of live material that it 
will bear a second and third reading. The author fully con- 
versant with his subject, gives us a vivid view of the causes 
that have led to our present social and industrial unrest, sug- 
gesting remedies for treating such and drawing conclusions 
that are more sane than those of many enthusiasts and would- 
be sociologists. Among the many interesting subjects treated 
are immigration, conservation, the color line, big business and 
the standard of living. 


By Silas Jones 

"The Apocrypha and Pseudepigraphs of the Old Testa- 
ment." R. H. Charles, Oxford Univerzity Press, 1913. 

The above work under the editorial supervision of Pro- 
fessor Charles is an invaluable addition to the materials for 
New Testament study. To those acquainted with Biblical 
Literature a list of the collaborators is a guarantee of the excel- 
lence of scholarship represented. Andrews, Bennett, Box, 
Charles, Cook, Cowley, Harris, Gray, Moffat, Oesterley, Ryle 
and Whitehouse are among the contributors. 

The two volumes treat the Lit* rature of the Jewish 
people from 175 B. C. to 1st Cen., A. D. The Apocrypha is 
accessible in some form to all New Testament students, but 
the critical and explanatory notes of this edition make it 
exceedingly valuable. The Pseudepigrapha is less familiar 
to the student of the New Testament, but is even more valu- 
able than the Aprocrypha. Taken together they constitute 
source material which contributes more to the elucidation of 
certain New Testament problems than any other material. 
By historical investigation in the period which this litera- 
ture represents the student is able to approach three funda- 
mental questions, viz.: 1. Concerning Messiahship and Eschato- 
logical Teaching of Jesus. 2. Concerning the Resurrection and 
Future Life. 3. Ethical Teachings of the Gospels. The posi- 
tions of Christian scholars are in the main three. (1) Jesus 
did not teach in Eschatological terms. (2) He used such terms 
but poured into them a higher spiritual content. (3) He be- 
lieved and taught as an Eschatologist. A study of the Pseu- 
depigraphs will enable one to evaluate for himself eacli of these 
positions and to intelligently choose between them. In Escha- 
tology the "Book of Enoch" is the most influential, as "The 
Testimony of the Twelve Patriarchs" is the most pronounced 
in ethical teachings. In this pre-Christian literature one can 
trace every shade of opinion respecting the resurrection and 
future state found in the Jvlew Testament, from the resuscita- 
tion of the body with maimed members restored, to the re- 
ception of a "spiritual" body. The parable and beatitude 
are common forms of teaching. Historically, two things are 
significant. (a) Rise of Zadokites 50 B. C, a reformed 
priestly party which became Christian, quite probably. (b) 
The theory of an inspired Law (Book of Jublices) which dis- 
placed prophecy and left the Pseudepigrapha] as the only 
type of literature through which Prophetic Teaching could 

(W. E. Boyer is the writer of the above article.) 



By Chas. E. Underwood 

"A Short Introduction to the Literature of the Bible." 

By Richard G. Moulton. D. C. Heath, 1901. Pp. 326. 

As announced in this department in the last Bulletin, 
succeeding issues will be utilized in the review of books which 
have stood the test of class room work, or have been thor- 
oughly digested by the writer. 

One of the most interesting and helpfvd of these books 
is the one noted at the head of this article. The writer has 
found it increasingly helpful in teaching and lecture work, 
because of its splendid prospective. It is not only a relief 
from the microscopic methods of modern research to turn 
to this little treatise, but one finds here, too, a rare contribu- 
tion to scholarship. The author distinguishes between the 
purpose of Bible study. In the study of Biblical Theology, 
or of the Bible as a source book for theology, one seeks to 
ascertain the religious truths; in the study of Hebrew history 
one seeks to learn the facts of the Bible, especiall}^ those which 
have to do with institutional development, hence Historical 
Criticism; in the literary study one seeks to discover the forms 
in which a nation clothes its thoughts, by which it presented 
truth and recorded history. 

Yet Professor Moulton holds that the literary study may 
throw much light on other study, if we but permit ourselves 
to see the productions in perspective. He holds "That a clear 
grasp of the outer literary form is an essential condition for 
understanding the matter and spirit of literature." He illus- 
trates by referring to the conviction expressed by Wellhausen 
that between Micah 7:6 and 7 "there yawns a century," and 
by replying: "To one who does not ignore literary structure 
it will be evident that what yawns between the verses is 
nothing more than a change of dramatic speakers." 

Professor Moulton is seriously handicapped by the fact 
that he does not read Hebrew, and therefore m.isses some of 
the finest things in Hebrew literautre, but he has blazed the 
train which students have followed to the present time. The 
book is well worth careful reading. 

C. G. Brelos is settled at 12042 Stewart Ave., Chicago, 
which is in the prosperous suburb of West Pullman where Mr. 
Brelos recently became pastor. His son Carl has attained fame 
as an "end" on the University of Chicago foot ball team. He 
was awarded his "C" for his excellent playing. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 

A great change is alleged to have taken place in the 
Greek character between 600 and 300 B. C. And just what 
causes produced this result has never been satisfactorily es- 
tablished. A new element in the problem has now been ably 
presented by W. H. S. Jones, in his "Malaria, a Neglected 
Factor in the History of Greece and Rome" (Macmillan & 
Bowes). The parasites of malaria are carried from man to 
man by certain gnats (anophelines), which breed on the 
ground in small pools. The topography of Greece is peculiarly 
favorable to the propagation of these insects. But the gnats 
by themselves could work no harm until they had an oppor- 
tunity of biting some infected person. When did this happen? 
Modern Greece is intensely malarious, half the children in 
the Copais plain being infected. On the other hand, the 
disease is not mentioned in Greek literature before Aristo- 
phanes (422 B. C.). Malaria is an African disorder, and in 
456 B. C. Athenian troops were engaged in Egypt. Though 
the infection may have been introduced then, it would not 
have spread rapidly until conditions were unusually propitious. 
This occurred after the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War 
in 431 B. C., when the rural population of Attica retired within 
the Long Walls at Athens and the countrj'side became prac- 
tically a waste for several years. Half a century or more 
would still be required for the disease to make its full effect 
manifest. Infected slaves from Africa and Asia, the result 
of Alexander's conquests, may have hastened the process. 
Now while most other ailments produce a survival of the 
strongest and often result in strengthening a people by weed- 
ing out the unfit, malaria gradually weakens the vitality of 
all without causing many deaths. [Prior to the discovery of 
quinine in the seventeenth century there was no specific 
available, and years were required for the disease to run itself 
out in each victim.] Its symptoms, periodic fever and enlarge- 
ment of the spleen, are frequently mentioned by Greek medical 
writers. It results in listlessness and inhibition of effort, one 
trace of which Jones detects in the fact that ataraxia, i. e. 
freedom from physical pain and mental disturbance, became 
the ideal of Epicurus, who died in 270 B. C, and of his school. 


In Italy rralaria seems not to have become common until 
after 200 B. C. Jones maintains that it was introduced by 
Hannibal's Carthaginian mercenaries and its spread acceler- 
ated by the devastation of Italy during the Second Punic War. 
Nevertheless, topographical conditions, except in a few dis- 
tricts, were less favorable here than in Greece and in conse- 
quence the effects of the disease were less striking. Whereas 
malaria made the Greeks weak and inefficient, it turned the 
sterner Romans into blood-thirsty brutes. 

In view of a similar development in the Island of Mau- 
ritius in 1886, this interesting theory must not be lightly 
dismissed; but at the most it presents a contributory rather 
than the principle cause for classical decadence. 


By Chas. M. Sharpe 
"The Rise of Modern Religious Ideas." 

A. C. McGiffert, The Macmillan Co., N. Y. 

In this exceedingly attractive and compendious liille 
volume, Professor McGiffert has placed the cause of theo- 
logical rernnstrrrtion still further in his debt. For, while 
it mnkf^s no definite or systematic contribution to positive 
construction, the book shovv's by its clear setting for'h of the 
character and trend of modern religious thinking. 

The treatnvnt falls under t",'0 general heads, iiamelv Dis- 
integration and Reconstruction. The movements which 
wrought the dissolution of the system of church theology were 
chiefly Pietism, Th.e Enlightenment, Natural Science and The 
Critical Philosophy. Pietism emphasized the pos-ibility of 
approach to God by other ways than the ordinary ecclesiastical 
methods, thus correspondingly detracting from their exclusive 
claims. The Enlightenment loosed appreciably the bonds of 
ecclesiastical authority in the realm of dogma, in favor of the 
individual judgment. Natural Science overthrew the notion 
of biblical authority in the realm of natural fact, and threat- 
ened the whole superstructure of revealed truth as set forth 
in the system of church theology. Finally, the Critical 
Philosophy, in the hands of Kant, swept away all the stock 
arguments by which medieval philosophy had hitherto sup- 
ported the orthodox, and showed the impossibility of any 


theoretical demonstration of religious dogma upon purely in- 
tellectual grounds. 

The main steps of reconstruction are traced in several 
most interesting chapters as follows: 

Religion, which had been enslaved to dogma, upon the 
one hand, and to prescribed conduct upon the other, begins 
to be emancipated. It receives through the labors of Kant, 
Fichte, Schleiermacher and others its own independent basis 
as a function of human nature itself, rather than as an appen- 
dage of revealed dogma externally imposed. Through the in- 
fluence of these same thinkers, supplemented by the labors' 
of others like Jacobi, Hamann, and Ritschl, Faith is rehabili- 
tated in the realm of religion, as aginst the spurious knowledge 
that had once held sway. 

Agnosticism with reference to religio-theological ultimates 
works a beneficent reversal of religious emphasis, and the 
energies of religious men are directed upon practical service 
in this world, instead of other worldly dreams. 

Evolution complements this reversal of emphasis by the 
conviction that progress is a fact, and thus makes a place for 
rational endeavor. The doctrine of the Divine Immanence gives 
an added religious significance to the evolutionary world move- 

The closing chapters deal with the significance of Jesus 
Christ, and ^vith the problems of Authority. 

Every C. I. man should purchase, read, and inwardly 
digest this really luminous and reassuring little volume. In 
ordering direct from Macmillan, please say that you saw a 
brief review in The Campbell Institute Bulletin. 

A Memorial Volume 

The Campbell Institute will soon be twenty years old and 
a committee consisting of 11. L. VVillett, Ellsworth Paris and 
O. F. Jordan are charged with the task of editing and pub- 
lishing a memorial volume with contributions from twenty 
men of the Institute who will interpret modern religious prob- 
lems. There will be a history of the Institute and an Institute 
catechism both of which will aid in lifting the cloud of mis- 
apprehension under which the Disciples have lived with regard 
to the character of the Institute. It is planned to have all 
copy in for the volume by February first and to have it ready 
for distribution some time in March. The committee expects 
that every mem.ber will want one of the books. The volume 
will also circulate outside the membership. 



By Lee E. Cannon 

Although Edgar Lee Masters' "Spoon River Anthology" 
(Macmillan, 1915, $1.25) is not poetry in the conventional sense, 
it is a work of creative imagination. Spoon River (supposedly 
Havana, Illinois, and a few near-by places) is presented as a 
typical community of the Middle-West, full of people such 
as we have known. From the cemetery, where "all, all are sleep- 
ing on the hill," these people, these men, "the weak of will, 
the strong of arm, the clown, the boozer, the fighter;" these 
women, "the tender heart, the simple soul, the loud, the proud, 
the happy one," tell us something of the experiences and in- 
ter-play of their lives. 

"Tragedy, comedy, valor and truth, 
Courage, constancy, heroism, failure — 
All in the loom, and oh what patterns!" 

The volume is full of keen characterizations, and care- 
ful observation, and a touch of irony adds zest to the whole. 
J. Milton Miles. 
"When the Presbyterian bell 

Was rung by itself, I knew it as the Presbyterian bell, 

But when its sound was mingled 

With the sound of the Methodist, the Christian, 

The Baptist and the Congregational, 

I could no longer distinguish it, 

Nor any one from the others, or either of them. 

And as many voices called to me in life 

Marvel not that I could not tell 

The true from the false. 

Nor even, at last, the voice that I should have knov;n. 

The grammar and the punctuation of many of these epi- 
taphs could be improved. 

Robert Frost's "North of Boston" (Holt, 1915, $1.25) 
casts a poetic glamour of imagination over scenes of every 
day life. The style is simple, and straight-forward, yet it is 
distinctively individual. The author has a strong feeling for 
situations, and describes them ably. The craftmanship is of 
high order. The poetry compares very favorably with the 
average Wordsworth. 

In "Aristocracv and Justice" (Houghton Mifflin, 1915, 


1.25), Paul Elner More continues his attack on those dis- 
ntegrating tendencies of modern life which he beiieves to be 
art of the "Drift of Romanticism." To the pseudo-evolution 
f the humanitarian, he would oppose a true iiumanism, guided 
)y a disciplined conception of individual responsibility and 
)ersonal duty. He warns against the inclination to take sides 
'ith the emotions, to be too over-confidently optimistic. The 
ssay "The New Morality is a strong indictment of much of 
)ur social cant, and is a brilliant and thoughtful plea for 
iscipline and personal integrity. "Academic Leadership" dis- 
;usses the power of the classics to "Mould character and 
oster sound leadership." Mr. More is seeking a firm founda- 
ion for real progress. 

For the first time we have an English version of Gon- 
:hrarov's "Oblomov" (MacM. 1915, $1.50). The hero of this 
great Russian novel is typical of that striking Russian char- 
acteristic, which Sienkiewicz called i 'improductivite slave.' 
Although Oblomov is full of aspirations and lofty ideals, he 
lacks the will to reach them, or even to try. "The pale cast 
of thought sicklies o'er," his plans, and he simply drifts. He 
is a victim of the fatal passivity that characterizes so many of 
his race. The book is an excellent commentary on one side of 
the Slavic temperament. 

Next Annual Meeting. 
The Executive Committee wishe.*; to announce that the 
next annual meeting will be held in Hyde Park July 26-8, 1916. 
Since this will be our twentieth anniversary, it is desirable 
that all our members, especially the charter members, make 
an imustial effort to attend. Further details will be announced 
in the near future. 

Franklin Circle, Cleveland, of which W. F. Rothenburger 
is pastor, made the largest church offering to Home Missions 
of any church in the brotherhood last year. 

O. F. Jordan is author of two tracts now being used in his 
church work, "The Every-Member Canvass," and "Who are 
the Disciples of Christ?" Each has four pages. A sermon 
on "Infidelity: Its Rise and Fall," has also been put in print. 
It is. the plan to issue a tract a month. 



' ^ '' ■'• By E. A. Henry. 

"One of the most delightful and inspirational evenings 
I ever spent" was the verdict of every one of the seventeen 
men who' attended the dinner of the Campbell Institute mem- 
bers of Chicago which was held at the City Club on the 
evening of November 12. The men present were President 
Flickinger, Messres. Ames, Crowley, Gates, Henry, Hunter; 
Jensen, Jordan, Lobingier, MacDougall, Morrison, Park, Rit- 
chey, Sharp, Stubbs, Willett and Winn. In addition to the 
excellent meal served all were much entertained by the menu 
cards which were prepared by Pres. Flickinger. Each page 
bore selected quotations and each speaker was introduced by 
a quotation m.ost aptly chosen. Several of the men had to 
compare notes with others in order to arrive at translations 
of the Latin epigrams chosen by our Classical President. After 
the dinner Dr. Ames gave a sketch of the conditions and needs 
that brought forth the organization of the Institute and also 
described its early ideals and the history of the ten years from 
1896 to 1906 when the Scroll was established. Dr. Willett 
then took up the story and told us the story of the Scroll 
period as illustrated in the articles published. At this point 
the Secretary presented a graph of the membership from the 
beginning to the present. (Some of the statistics from this 
are presented in another part of this issue.) Then Mr. Jor- 
dan made what Mr. Morrison said was the best of all the 
good speeches he had ever heard Mr. Jordan make. Mr. 
Jordan sketched in rapid fashion the history from the Scroll 
to the present and then presented a statement of Institute 
ideals which brought the enthusiasm of every man to the 
highest possible pitch. All were inspired and moved by this 
address. These completed the formal speeches of the evening, 
but every man around the table spoke a few words. The 
gathering did not break up until an- attendant notified us that 
the club house would soon close. All went away glad they had 
been there and proud to be members of the Campbell Institute 
and determined to make the Institute continue to stand for 
the best and highest ideals. All expressed the hope that we 
mav have other similar meetings in Chicago. 

By Edward A. Henry 

A. L. Chapman is Vice-President of the Pacific Parlia- 

ent which will mctt at Walla Walla, December 27-30. A 

;plendid program, has been prepared and a large attendance 

)f preachers and church officers from that section is expected. 

This is a sort of Congress for that district. 

J. R. Ewers has Thomas L. Lowe of Columbus, O., 
:onducting evangelistic meetings in the East End Church, 

Cloyd Goodnight began a short series of Decision Ser- 
vices in his church at Uniontown, Pa., on November 15. 

A recent letter from Geo. B. Stewart suggests that he 
lid not make his real attitude plain in a recent letter pub- 
ished in the Bulletin. He did not intend tO' criticise the 
)fficers and program committee "caustically" and appreciates 
he difficulties under which they have done their work. 

Vaughan Dabney was a speaker at the Y. W. C. A. session 
It the Panama Exposition. He reports splendid results in his 
hurch. In the six months he has been at Oakland he has 
"eceived into the church seventy-three new members and se- 
cured pledges for something over $2,000 on the church debt. 
He attended lectures in the Pacific Theological Seminary dur- 
ing the summer. 

C. H. Winders conducUd an evangelistic meeting in Mexico, 
Mo., the latter part of October. 

E. S. Ames is the author of a new sermon, "The Practice 
of Christian Union.'' A member of his church paid for hav- 
ing the sermon printed. There were 28 additions in his church 
in October. 

Ellsworth Paris delivered an address to the Woman's 
Clubs of Des Moines on December 1, on the subject, "The 
Psychology of Punishment." There were only two "outside 
speakers" this year, Mr. Paris and Prof. J. B. Angtil of the 
University of Chicago. 

J. L. Deming is recruiting his health on a New England 
farm. He has not been at all well this fall, but is better now. 
He receives his mail at Cheshire, Conn. 

The Iowa City group of C. I. men have happy anticipa- 
tions of a visit from E. S. Ames during the Raymond Rob- 
bins campaign on December 12th. 

During the week following December 5th, O. F. Jordan 
Avill speak three times in Evanston on the Immigrant. He 
will deliver a stereopticon lecture at an open meeting of the 
K. P. Lodge, speak on restricted immigration before the 
Twentieth Century Club, and make a Sunday afternoon ad- 
dress at the Y. M. C. A. on "The Christian's Duty to the 
Immigrant." He contributed a bulletin on, "The Russian 
Immigrant," in the December Home Missionary. The Every- 
Member Canvass will be put on in his church December 5th. 


H. L. Willett will issue a printed sermon once a month this 
coming winter, using those that are preached from the pulpit 
of Memorial Church. 


By Edward A. Henry. 
At first it was planned to reproduce in the Bulletin the graph 
which was presented at the dinner of the Chicago men. As the dif- 
ferent colors could attempted, and the whole would be rath- 
er unsatisfactory on such a small scale as this page requires, the 
figures are here presented in tabulated form. 








































74 • 


























, 7 







































Of the losses of members, five have been by death, twelve have 
been dropped for loss of interest or other cause, and twenty-eight 
have resigned. The losses from 1907 to 1908 and 1909 to 1910 were 
due to resignations. The loss from 1910 to 1911 was wholly due to 
the enforcement of the rule that members wh ose dues are unpaid for 
three years and who fail to show any sign of interest in the organi- 
zation shall be dropped. 

Campbell 3n0tttute Bulletin 



The literary movement among the Disciples of Christ is 
making gratifying progress. Our publishing houses may still 
issue volumes of thoroughlj- orthodox sermons, w^ith occa- 
sional additions in the way of apocalyptic interpretation, but 
other houses are issuing books for Disciples that are of ac- 
count. We need to remember the literary personalities that 
have grov^rn up under the influence of our educational institu- 
tions. Among these are James Lane Allen (since become a Uni- 
tarian), Susan Glaspell, Harold Bell Wright, and Peter Ches- 
ter MacFarlane. Mr. Schoonmaker, Vi'ho wrote for the Cen- 
tury m.agazine last winter, treating especially the supposed col- 
lapse of the church and of socialism, wcs a Disciple and may 
yet be, so far as we know. Our missionaries are making 
noteworthy contributions to missionary literature. Revell is- 
sues a new book every year from some one of our missionaries. 
"In the Land of the Cherry Blossom," by Mrs. Madden, is 
recently at hand. The books of Ames and Willett in our 
Campbell Institute fellowship are too well known to *ieed 
more than a passing mention. These have represented our 
more serious contribution to the scholarship of the Christian 

What the Disciples have not done in the v>-orld of letters 
is also noteworthy. We have yet to produce a book on Chris- 
tian Union that will rank with those produced by certain Con- 
gregational and Episcopalian writers. This is astonishing in 
the light of our supposed interest in the subject. We have 
been rationalistic in temper and much p-iven to doctrinal dis- 
cussion, but there is no recent book of Disciple doctrine which 
is of more than passing importance. Our fiction literature, 
also, fails to reveal the depth of spiritual insight which is to 
be found among the choicer religioiis spirits of the move- 
ment. How to explain these failures in literary expression 
we pass on to wiser counsellors. 

54 ' 


By Guy Sarvis 

The political situation here is very interesting now. I 
don't know how much you folks hear of the movement looking 
toward the restoration of the monarchy, but that is the all- 
engrossing question here, and as a matter of fact most 
people expect that the monarchy will be restored within a 
comparatively short time, and the strange thing is that so 
few people protest against it. A few of the most earnest 
(or perhaps I should say hot-headed) of the returned students 
oppose it, but on the whole the people seem to view the 
matter with indifference. Most are cured of the idea that 
there has ever been a republic in China, and it seems to be 
only a question of taking tim.e enough until Yuan Shih Kai 
will be emperor. 

A statement which Dr. Goodnow made when he Avas ad- 
visor to Yuan has been widely used by the monarchist party. 
He was discussing the question academically and made a state- 
ment to the effect that a limited monarchy would, in his 
judgment, be the form best adapted to the conditions in China. 
He said later that he did not in any sense intend his state- 
ments to be looked upon as advice to be acted upon at present, 
but was discussing the matter in a purely academiic fashion. 
Probably most of us would agree with him in the abstract, 
but it becomes a practical question whether it would not be 
better to let well enough alone. I think it is chiefly the official 
and military classes, v/ho would be more secure under a 
monarchy, who are pushing the matter, but the probability 
is that Yuan has planned the whole thing himself. At one 
time, a few weeks ago, after the discussion had gone on for 
some time and a large number of petitions come in, Yuan 
came out fiat-footed against the whole proposition, but since 
that time so nanAr petitions have come in from so many 
different sources that he has been obliged to yield to the 
pressure and take steps toward deciding the question at an 
early date. To anyone in the least familiar with Chinese his- 
tory the whole thing is so palpably a put-up job that it is really 
ridiculous — and 3'et people take it seriously. Of course he 
took the particular method he used in order to sound publi<: 
opinion. Tt seems that he has convinced himself that there 


will be no considerable opposition, and so he is to be made 
the Emperor of China. However, I suspect that in the South 
there will be a great deal of objection, and I would be willing 
to bet my old hat that within five years there will be fighting 
over the question unless more important issues arise to en- 
gross the attention of the people. 

In my letter v.'hich was printed in tlie Bulletin I express 
our attitude on tlie Japan question, and the events which 
have since transpired have not caused us to change them any. 
The end of that matter is not yet. Japan is beginning to put 
pressure on China again in connection with the matters which 
were left unsettled before, and she is taking every possible 
step to strengthen her position in Shantung. If you will get 
out a map of China you will see how serious this is. Her 
aggressions in Corea and Manchuria are bad enough, but in a 
sense that territory is outside of China anyhow. Events since 
the settlement have shown that Japan practically regards her- 
self as soveign of southern Manchuria. At any rate she has 
China on the hop there, for she has secured the right for her 
citizens to settle all over the country and for Japanese police 
to be appointed in certain of the important cities, and these 
facts together with extra-territoriality furnish the occasions 
for friction which will inevitably give rise to new demands 
and the final absorption of Southern Manchuria. 

Russia and Japan vrill have their collision over the di- 
viding line on the north some day, but that will not come 
for some time. In the meantime Japan has gotten the best 
part of Manchuria and probably the richest gold-fields in the 
orient. But Shantung is almost in the center of China. It is 
between Peking and Shanghai along the coast, and the aggres- 
sive attitude of Japan there means that she is seriously en- 
croaching on the territorial and political integrity of China. 
If Uncle Sam is in any sense going to stand back of the 
open-door policy he will have to wake up soon. 

It is perfectly amazing how the Japanese "stuff" all the 
people who visit that country (I mean the worth-while people 
v/ho have influence). They deceived Shailer Matthews and he 
didn't know it (of course). I wrote him what we folks out 
here think, and he answered rather confidenth^ and at 
the same time revealed his own lack of perception of the 


real situation. The same thing happened to Robert E. Speer. 
He gave us quite a talk at a Missionary Association meeting 
one night, chiding us for our hatred of Japan and praising 
her as a benefactor of the Coreans and so on. Now that 
Japan intends to develop Corea no one doubts, but that she in- 
tends the Coreans to reap any particular benefit from it many 
of us doubt. There v/as visiting here at that time a man who 
had been Chinese minister to Corea during the Japanese 
regime for some time, and he said that practically no Corean 
was permitted to get more than $7 gold per month in Corea, 
and that all Coreans had to be educated in Corea, Japan, or 
China. We also have residing here a who- was mixed up 
in the fam.ous political trial in Corea, and he has some things 
to say. To cap the climax after the meeting Mr. Speer re- 
marked that he did not tl'tird; Japan wanted any of China! 
That sounds like a joke. To be sure, the worst v^'e accuse 
Japan of out here is what we accuse Gerrrany of in Europe. 
She has adopted the German methods in many particulars. 
She has spies all over this country (and the Philippines, too) 
and she announces in her press that treaties are mere con- 
viences to be disregarded Vvdien it is convenient. Of course 
the nev/spapers are miore or le^s irresponsible and we get the 
worst over here, but the difficulty is that Japan's history bears 
out this judgment. I think her resem.blance to Germany is 
verv striking in many things both good and bad. 

C. E. Underwood has just completed his term as tem- 
porary supply for the Second Church at Vincennes, Ind. A 
Butler man has become permanent pastor. 

A. R. McQueen writes most enthusiastically of the suc- 
cess of an Every Member Canvass in the Austin Church, 
Chicago. The results exceeded the bud^ret asked for by some 
two hundred dollars. 

Clarence Hamilton has taken a class of seventeen high 
school boys at Nanking. He expects all to enter the Uni- 
versity soon and continue throughout the course. 

Levi Marshall recently enjoyed a revival conducted in 
his church by James Small. Tv.^enty-six additions to the 
church resulted. 


By .John Ray Ewers 

Continuing and concluding our review of "The Voice from 
the Crowd" we find the 2nd chapter entitled — "The Revelation 
of God." The American is choked with cares and riches as 
never before. He does not know where he is going but he 
wants to get there as soon as possible. He goes thru life, 
like a man thru a woods, vv-ithout seeing anything. His ideas 
of God are hazy; he does not know God as friend and in sor- 
row or trouble his mute appeal is pathetic. 

Chapter 3, "Revelation Thru Contact." 

"Live like a hermit; v/ock like a horse." Church attend- 
ance is declining. One reason is that talk is too cheap. We 
are talked to death. The minister niuht extend his contacts. 
He must have many friends. Son:e will freeze him and others 
will complain because he is hard to reach. But the sermon is 
not enough. 

Chapter 4. "Revelation Thru' Teaching." 

This chapter is radical. He pours out his scorn upon the 
volunteer, untrained teacher. God is crov.'ded out of educa- 
tion. The Catholics are commended for parochial schools! 
The church is not in earnest as the Kaiser and the Germans 
are in earnest. Religious Education is demanded. Preachers 
eloquence and revivals are not enough. 

Chapter 5. "The Vision of Unity." 

This strikes one as a digression, but is interesting as 
showing Mr. Pepper's interests. "Behold these Christians, how 
they misunderstand one another!" He believes in organic unity 
and believes that earnest, sympathetic conference, endeavoring 
to see the other man's position, will make it possible. 
Chapter 6, "The Man in the Pulpit." 

Appeal for preacher to know real life; to know men suf- 
fering, tempted, sorrowing, struggling, rising. "The preacher 
has a body to be mastered, a mind to be stored and a spirit 
to be enriched." Too many preachers are examples of arrested 
development! The church is the abode of prejudice which must 
be overcome by broad-mindedness. The struggle on the part of 
pastor and people to attain Christlikeness will win others to 
that same struggle. Very stimulating was this layman's criti- 
cism of present-day church life. Everyone should read the 
book slowly with an hour of thinking between each chapter. 



By ii. C. Armstrong 
Expert Leadership 

The more the Bible School comes to be genuinely a 
school the more it becomes necessary that it have expert 
educational leadership. The modern pastor must be at least 
an intelligent student of religious education. The vital im- 
portance of the Bible School v/ill not allow less than this. 
The present-day superintendent ought to be a religious educa- 
tion expert. The importance of his task requires that he be 
thoroughly competent. The ideal policy is for the Church to 
employ a trained director of religious work who shall have 
charge of all the educational activities of the Church and 
School. This, of course, will not be feasible in any large 
number of Churches in our generation. 

I'liere is, however, a very practical way in which the 
leadership of our Schools can be greatly improved. Any 
superintendent can become a kind of practical expert by doing 
in this connection what a certain business man of an eastern 
city did when he found that his education was not suificient 
for his responsibilities. He engaged a public school teacher 
as tutor to teach him those branches of study in which he 
felt himself deficient. A few years of diligent work put him 
"on top of his job." In such a manner the superintendent 
can make himself a well equipped man. The public school 
teachers of all our towns and communities are trained in 
standard courses for their work. Here is the superintendent's 
opportunity. Let him engage such a teacher as tutor to take 
him through a careful study of James' Briefer Course in Psy- 
chology. This will lay for him a foundation. Then let him 
take up Home's Psychological Principles of Education, which 
will initiate him into the field of pedagogy. A similar stud}' 
of Haslett's Pedagogical Bible School will help him to apply 
,.his knowledge to his task. 

But why the tutor? Can he not read these books for 
himself? There is the rub. That is just what he cannot do 
without training. The terms of psychology and pedagogy are 
so different from those of the store and office that before one 
can do much of profitable reading or intelligent thinking in 
this field he must acquire tlie "mental furniture" with which 


o "set up" its ideas and principles. This is what the tutor 
dll help to do. After such a course of study all the literature 
f the subject will be "open" to him as never before and his 
wn reading will be doubly profitable. Can we expect super- 
itendents to make such effort for fitness? That depends en- 
irely on their conception -of their task and on their ideal of 


By Silas Jones 

I shall follow the example set by Dr. Underwoo d and 
all attention to a few books that have stood the test of use 
1 the class room. 

"Constructive Studies in the Life of Christ." By Ernest 
). Burton and Shailer Mathev/s. The University of Chicago 
ress. Here is a text written by competent scholars who have 
ome acquaintance with the needs of students in college and 
f members of advanced classes in Sunday Schools. They 
ave prepared their text to be used in connection with Stev- 
n's and Burton's "Harmony of the Gospels." It is an outline 
or historical study and a condensed commentary on the four 
ospels. The introduction is a brief history of Palestine dur- 
ig the last two centuries before Christ. There is a useful 
iscussion of the sources of the life of Jesus. There are 
hirty-five chapters, any one of which contains material for 
everal lessons. At the end of each chapter are questions and 
uggestions for study. The questions demand work of the 
tudent. Anybody who is interested in the life of Jesus will 
le glad to find the answers to them. The topics for study 
aise the most important questions concerning the life and 
caching of Jesus. 

The words "Constructive Studies" are properly used in 
he title of this text. The life of Christ is treated as an 
(bject of serious thought. The authors believe that moral 
nd religious zeal should be intimately associated with accu- 
ate knowledge. The faith in Christ that is needed in this 
ge or in any other comes from the exercise of the head as 
veil as of the heart. Finality is not claimed for the con- 
lusions of the authors. They state their views with confi- 
lence, but they never intimate that the reader is lacking in 
lonesty or knowledge or intellectual power if he happens not 
o agree with them. The student is encouraged to think for 
limself, and to respect the faith of all who sincerely strive to 
ive the life of discipleship to Jesus. 



By Roscoe R. Hill 

Pan-Americanism received a great deal of emphasis dur- 
ing 1915. The participation of the Pan-American States in the 
Financial Conference at Washington in May, in the Panama- 
Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, and in the Pan-American 
Scientific Congress and International Congress of American- 
ists at Washington in December, the activity of the Pan- 
American Union in studying the problems relating to the 
American States, the attention given to the study of Latin 
America in our universities, colleges and normal schools, the 
message of President Wilson, reaffirming the Alonroe Doc- 
trine and stating that there now exists "a full and honoi-able 
association as of partners between ourselves and our neighbors 
(the Latin Americans) in the interest of all America," and 
the notable addresses delivered at the opening of the Pan- 
American Scientific Congress, V\ere the many e vidences o f 
the growing fraternal spirit and sense of mutual obligations 
and rcsponsibilties of the Pan-American States. This develop- 
ment of Pan-Americanism but serves to call attention to the 
need of further strengthening the political, commercial, finan- 
cial, social and intellectual relations between the United 
States and Latin x\merica. These relations may best be im- 
proved by ourselve.s by a study of the Latin-American coun- 

Two recent books dealings with economic phases of the 
countries south of the Rio Grande are: R. W. Babson, "The 
Future of South America," (Boston, Little, Brown, 1915; xi. 
407 pp.) and L. Hutchinson, "The Panama Canal and Inter- 
national Trade Competition (Ne^v York, Macmillan, 1915; xi, 
283 pp.). The first deals with the problem of South America, 
giving a brief sketch of each country, which points out the 
economic status and the possibilities of the development of 
commercial and financial relations with the LTnited States. The 
second treats of the probable changes to be effected in the 
world's trade routes by the opening of the Panama Canal and 
attempts to reach some general conclusions as to the results 
on inter-American trade. Each volume is rather full of sta- 
tistics, but these serve to give an appreciation of the vast 
opportunities which are opening in the Latin-American coun- 


By Chas. E. Underwood 

Last month attention was called in this department to the 
well-known book — Prof. Moulton's "Introduction to the Litera- 
ture of jhe Bible." Prof. Moulton's book is the pioneer in the 
field. This month attention is drawn to the latest book in this 
field — "The Bible as Literature," by Professor Irving Francis 
Wood and Associate Professor Elihu Grant of Smith Col- 
lege. The Abingdon Press. Price, $1.50. 

The authors of the "Bible as Literature" state their pur- 
pose as follows: "It is an introduction to the Biblical Litera- 
ture rather than the Biblical history or theology. It attempts 
to give such information as will make it possible for the 
student to enter upon our lit^.-rary heritage in the Bible." It 
is therefore not an introduction in the technical sense, and 
seeks to avoid technical terms. 

The authors accept and use the documentary theory. 
They present with great clearness their conceptions of the 
writings, their composite authorship, their editorial revision, 
their late date. They then take up the study of the books for 
the sake of noting the literary origins and units and excel- 
lencies, dealing with groups under the following headings and 
in the order noted: The Prophetic Books, The Books of Nar- 
rative, The Books of Poetry and Wisdom, Apocalyptic Litera- 
ture, The New Testament. 

The author begins with the Prophetic books because he 
regards the Book of Amos as the oldest piece of literatrre 
handed down approximately in its original form. 

Professor Moulton differs radically from the authors of 
"The Bible as Literature," in the treatment of literary prob- 
lems. He reasons that the investigator is not interested in 
critical problems, nor in any analysis of sources. He is inter- 
ested only in literary units, such as stories, songs, dramas, 
orations, etc., as we find them in final form. The authors of 
"The Bible as Literature hold that an elementary knowledge 
of the documents, authorship, date, historical setting, etc., 
is essential to the proper understanding of the literary units. 

The difference may be summed up largely in the statement 
that Wood and Grant hold to the historical method, Moulton 
to the Interpretative method. The reader may take his choice. 

The book is well written, and well worth careful study. 
It is doubtful whether the average college student could use 
the book to advantage without first taking courses in Old and 
New Testament History. 



By Ellsworth Faris 

The twenty-fourth annual meeting of the American 
Psychological Association has just closed its sessions which 
were held at the University of Chicago. A few of the Camp- 
bell Institute men are members of the Association, but E. S. 
Ames and the writer were the only ones present, so far as I 

The meetings Avere largely attended and very successful. 
The outstanding feature of the program was the large num- 
ber of papers and reports on Mental Measurements and Men- 
tal Tests, a subject absolutely unrepresented a few years ago. 
The enthusiasm of those who are working in this field is a 
guarantee that results of a very high order may be expected, 
but there were many notes of warning against the extravagant 
claims of the am.ateurs who are getting much publicity and 
whose claims are in inverse proportion to their performances. 
The two fields that are being most cultivated now are the 
testing of children for sub-normality and backwardness, and 
the testing of college students, particularly first-year men, 
with the purpose of getting some method of individualizing 
the curriculum and preventing the deplorable wastes and fail- 
ures that now distress us. 

The behaviorists were represented by the president of the 
Association, Dr. J. B. Watson of Johns Hopkins, vvfhosc ad- 
dress on, "The Conditioned Reflex," showed a brilliant series 
of experiments designed to render more objective the inves- 
tigation of the human reactions. 

Very little was offered in the line of Social Psychology, 
only two papers in fact, one of Vvrhich was presented by the 
writer of this account. But several men, including Prof. 
Yerkes of Harvard, Bentley of Illinois University, Gault of 
Northwestern and others, told me that they regarded the 
small number of papers on this subject this year as being 
accidental and expressed their earnest wish that the field 
might be vigorously cultivated. 

To the layman, perhaps the n;ost revealing thing about 
present-day psychology is the great expansion of the field. 
There are men now giving their whole time to very small 
divisions of the subject. The list would include at least these: 


general psychology, social, religious, educational, animal, folk 
and racial, and applications to business, law, medicine and 
education, besides this last development of tests. 

No man can now be a psychologist. The field is too large 
for any one scholar to knoAV. Specialization is essential and 
the vigor of the science was never more evident than now. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 

At the annual meeting of the Institute in 1914 I deliv- 
ered a stereopticon lecture on Pre-Homeric Times in Greece, 
dealing with Schliemann's excavations at Troy, Mycenae, 
Tiryns, etc., from 1870 to 1890, and with the excavations by 
Evans and others in Crete since 1900. When Schliemann 
dominant with scholars that no objective reality Vv^as sup- 
posed to underlie the Homeric tales. But however epoch- 
began his work. Max Mueller's sun-myth theories were so 
making Schliemann's discoveries, they have been thrown 
completely into the shade by the more recent tinds in Crete. 
It is onw recognized that the center of this civilization was 
not Mycenae, the traditional home of Agamemnon, but Cnos- 
sus, the capital of Minos and the fabled abode of the Mino- 
taur. It is now established that it was this people, and not 
the Phoenicians, who were known to the Egyptians as Keftiu. 
Their own name for themselves is not yet made out; for the 
present they are called Minoans by the English school and 
Aegeans by most others. The remains indicate that their 
history began in the vicinity of 10,000 B. C, and Avas brought 
to a close about 1200 B. C. by invaders from central Europe. 
In many respects their civilization, though belonging to the 
Bronze Age, had reached a surprisingly advanced stage of 
development. Their chasing in gold and silver compares 
favorably with the best work of the Italian renaissance. Their 
frescoes would have brought no discredit upon Greek artists. 
Their drainage arangements were extraordinarily modern. 
They have left behind them thousands of inscriptions, some of 
them fairly long, but unfortunately all as yet undecipherable. 
The dress of their women resembles nothing so much as that 
of a Parisienne. These few words only hint at the marvelou.=^ 


achievements of this newly revealed race. 

I have reverted to this subject because of the appearance 
of Gertrude H. Beggs' "The Four in Crete," The Abingdon 
Press, 1915. Miss Beggs was formerly a graduate student at 
Northwestern and attended my lectures on Greek and Roman 
art. Her book relates her visit to the Cretan excavations in 
company with three other tourists and is intended for the 
general public. Yet I admire the skill which has enabled her 
to weave considerable erudition into her narrative without tir- 
ing the untechnical reader. Several of her cuts are new; but 
since she presupposes no prior knov.dcdge of the field, I think 
should would have been v/iser to include more of the better 
known illustrations also. 

The Anniversary Meeting 

Plans arc rapidly taking form which will make the meet- 
ing next July by far the greatest of any Campbell Institute- 
meeting. At present both attendance and progran: are receiv- 
ing attention. 

For many years it has been the custom of most of the 
national organizations made up of teachers, preachers and 
professional men to call upon their members to submit titles 
of studies they are making or papers they are willing to write. 
From the titles submitted the program is made up. This plan 
v/as used in shaping the Institute program some four years 
ago and it resulted in the largest and best assortment of 
papers v.'e have ever had and incidentally in an unusually 
large attendance. We have decided tO' use that plan this 
year. The call v.dll be issued soon. We vv^ant informing 
papers, inspiring- papers, interested papers and also papers that 
will raise problenis the discussion of which v/ould be profit- 
able. So the man who feels that he has no information to 
impart but v/ho lias some big problems in the solution of 
which he needs the help of his brethren, will find a place on 
the program. We don't want the program limited to theo- 
logical papers, either. Fev/ who heard them have forgotten 
the papers by Dr. Collins on "The Church of the Ftiture 
from a Layman's Viewpoint," by Prof. Vernier on "The His- 
tory of Criminal Law Reform," b}'^ Mr. Wakelev on "Poetry 


and Life," or by Prof. MacClintock on "The Art of Literary 
Criticism." We want many such papers from our Co-operating 
and Honorary members as well as from the Regulars and 

The attendance campaign has been started by Dr. Paris 
of the University of low-a. He believes that an attendance 
of one hundred is quite possible if the members realize that 
the meeting will be worthy of such an effort. The Executive 
Committee with the addition of Dr. Ames intend to make the 
program worthy of the presence of every one of our one 
hundred and eighty-three members. Dr. Paris starts the at- 
tendance campaign by offering to be the first of one hundred 
to promise to be present. Prof. Plum of the University of 
Iowa promises to be the second and Air. Nichols, pastor of the 
Iowa City church promises to be the third. Dr. Ames, Dr. 
Flickinger, Dr. VVillett, Dr. Gates, Messrs. Jordan, Henry and 
Ritchey will make up the first ten. Who will make up the 
second? We hope in the near future to receive pledges of 
seven or eight from Des Moines, ten from Indianapolis, eight 
from Eureka, etc., etc. 

By Edward A. Henry 

Disciple pastors in Chicago' took considerable interest 
in the recent garment workers' strike in the city. Messrs. 
Ames, Willett, Jordan, Winn, Keussefif, Hunter, McQueen 
and Morrison did duty on the picket line. Brother Keussefif 
was the only one who succeeded in getting himself arrested, 
something that fell to the lot of many pron:inent citizens 
of the city who went over into the strike district to see how 
the police force of Chicago v/antonly oppressed the poor 
immigrant Vv'orking women and girls. Dr. Ames was one of 
the speakers at a meeting in the interests of the strikers which 
was held at the University. 

A. L. Ward is preaching a series of sermons upon the 
love stories of the Bible which is proving very popular. He 
also has a class of thirty-five people studying Hebrev.- His- 
tory. The class includes ten school teachers and meets 
weekly in the city library building. 


Roscoe R. Hill is nicely settled in his new work in the 
University of N&w Mexico. In his state, there is a curious 
juncture of Anglo-Saxon and Latin elements, which makes 
appropriate his chair of Latin American History. He is 
writing for the new International Encyclopedia and the Car- 
negie Foundation will soon issue a volume from his pen on, 
"A Descriptive Guide to the Material for the United States 
History Deposited in the Archives of the Indies." 

Graham Frank is the happy occupant of a new parsonage 
recently completed at Liberty, Mo. 

J. C. Archer recently entertained the Campbell Club of 
Yale in his home. There are eighteen Disciples at Yale this 
year, alm.ost every one of our colleges being represented. 

H. O. Pritchard travelled to Nev/ Haven recently to at- 
tend the reunion of bis class at Yale. He addressed the 
Campbell Club v/hile there and preached in the James A. 
Garfield church on a Sunday evening. 

Graham Frank was the evangelist in a series of meetings 
held in First Church, Kansas Cit}% recently. Thirty-six per- 
sons v/ere added to the membership. 

The papers report that T. P. Givens has resigned at Car- 
bondale, 111., in order to accept the church at Hoopeston, 111. 
We understand that he began in the latter place about Thanks- 
giving time. 

Baxters Waters v.'as called from Lathrop, Mo., to Car- 
thage, Mo., but declined the call because of the condition of 
the work in Lathrop where a new building will soon be dedi- 
cated and he feels that a change of leadership would v/ork a 
hardship. This is Mr. Waters' seventh year in Lathrop. 

O. J. Grainger was among the lecturers at the Summer 
School in Jubbulpcre last August. The Sunday School at 
Jubbulpore had 1,300 in attendance upon the last Sunday in 

Clinton Lockhardt is lecturing upon the Bible at the 
Wednesday evening services of the Magnolia Avenue church 
in Fort Worth, Texas. He is using such topics as "The 
Authors of the Books," "How the Books Reach Us" and 
"Methods of Interpretation." 

Dr. Willett is beginning a scries of Decision meetings 
with Herbert Ycuell as evangelist. 


Asa McDaniel has taken the Church at Rensselaer, Ind., 
formerly served by W. G. Winn. We are delighted to have 
him settled so near Chicago. 

Chas. S. Earley began a meeting at Capital Hill,~T)es 
Moines on January 2. 

Several members helped celebrate Christmas by paying 
their Institute dues. The Secretary very much appreciates 
such thoughtfulness. 

The Executive Committee of the Institute held a meeting 
on Monday, December 20, at which plans for the next annual 
meeting were talked over. An announcement appears on 
another page. 

In remitting his dues, F. L. MoflFett of Springfield, Mo., 
writes that he is well started on his tenth year there and 
the past year was the best of all. He is beginning to realize 
some of his ideals in Bible School work, — grading with each 
department in a separate room with its own opening and clos- 
ing exercises, a Director of Education with boy and girl 
specialists, etc. He feels that he has a good start upon a 
first class educational plant. He closes with, "I value the 
Institute fellowship very highly. Our men are the salt of the 

The Winfield, Kans., church which is served b}' R. W. 
Gentry is rejoicing that the entire debt upon their church 
building has been paid. 

Graham Frank begins a meeting in the Hannibal Church, 
Geo. A. Campbell, pastor, upon January 9th. 

Tom J. Dean of Jacksonville, Texas, has found occupa- 
tion for the children of his church in growing flowers in the 
church yard. Each Sunday every known sick person in 
Jacksonville receives a bouquet in the name of the church. 
In addition, the children grew and sent to the Juliette Fowler 
Orphans' home over $500 worth of vegetables and fruit. All 
canning of fruits, etc., was done by the children themselves. 

Henry Pearce Atkins and the Birmingham, Ala., church 
are enjoying the five o'clock vesper service which Dr. Ames 
has found so profitable for more than two years now. A re- 
cent series was devoted to Christian Union and was ad- 
dressed by pastors of various denominations. The whole city 
became interested. 


Geo. B. Stewart reprinted in his local paper the entire 
ti'act of Mr. Jordan on "Who are the Disciples?" He has 
installed a moving picture machine in his church and plans 
to give scenes from Les Miserables soon. Scenes from Ben 
Hur were used recently. 

C. G. Baker has founded a newspaper of considerable 
size for his church in Indianapolis. Vol. 1, No. 1 of the West 
Side Christian Messenger lies before us. It is a four page 
paper printed in newspaper form and plans to include news 
notes of interest to all the people of the west side of the city 
and carries notices of several churches other than its own. 
We shall watch the future of this venture with interest. 

E. L. Powell writes most enthusiastically of the meeting 
which Burris A. Jenkins led in the First Church of Louisville. 
Altogether, some ninety-three were added to the church. 

Perry J. Rice has completed six years at El Paso. The 
church has released a considerable number of members to 
form a new church in a distant part of the city but has fully 
recovered from the loss. During the six years the strength 
of the Disciple cause has been more than doubled in the 
city. Mr. Rice is much interested in Mexico, and speaks ur- 
gently of the need for work there. 

Beginning Nov. 28, Edgar DeWitt Jones is conducting 
evangelistic services in his own church speaking from the 
gospel of Mark throughout the entire series of meetings. 
During the past year one hundred and forty-two persons have 
been received into the church and some $12,652.97 was raised 
for all purposes. 

H. J. Loken is u?ing Ibsen as the basis for a series of 
sermons on social topics. A Norwegian himself, he is a fond 
student of this great author. 

Franklin Circle, Cleveland, of v.'hich W. F. Rothenburger 
is pastor, is working toward a membership of 2,000 v/hich it 
hopes to realize soon. 

A. B. Philputt recently went to Vernon, Texas, for a week 
where he delivered six lectures on the Texas State Lecture- 
ship Foundation. 

Chas. ,S. Early has resigned the work at Oskaloosa, la., 
to re-enter the evangelistic field. He leaves tlie Oskaloosa 
church much strengthened. 

Campbell Snstttute ISulletm 



1 here is one journal among the Disciples which has been 
more interested in .the Campbell Institute than any other. 
This paper has given our organization much free advertising, 
and has doubtless caused some men to join us. Before em- 
barking upon a recent experiment in keeping sweet, this jour- 
nal speaks of the Institute and a People's Church of Chicago 
in the following terms: 

"The liberal association referred to disparaged and misrep- 
resented the Bible quite as radically as the trustees of 'The 
People's Church', who were too 'liberal' to tolerate 'the exalta- 
tion of the cross and the Bible'. Howbeit, those trustees were 
honorable enough to sever their connection with a church 
whose teaching they did not accept. They did not hypocrit- 
ically pretend that they were in accord with it, or that what 
a pastor taught was of no consequence. They simply could 
not endure sound doctrine drawn from the Bible. Where it 
speaks they would have their pastor silent, and where it is 
silent — as in Emerson — they would have him speak. But that 
is better than pretending to accept the Bible and persist in set- 
ting its plain teaching at naught, as the association referred to 
did. It published an official organ which bore a motto in 
Greek, which, translated, was 'Liberty and Truth'. In this 
firm Liberty ran the whole business, and Truth was the 'silent 

Our beautiful motto on the cover of the Bulletin may be 
"Greek" to some of our new members so we will add a bit to 
the interpretation given in the quotation above. The central 
letter in the tv/o Greek words is theta and this is the initial of 
the Greek word for God. The motto comjmits the Institute to 
Freedom, Truth and God. To all three of these great co'ucep- 
tions. Institute members hold themselves loyal. The three are 
harmonious, and it is our joy in the religious life to believe that 
no one of them interferes with the holding of the other two. 

BER JULY 26-28! 




"The Moral Leaders of Israel", by Herbert L. Willett. 
Disciples' Publication Society, Chicago. $1.00 net. This is 
volume one of a study of the prophetic teachers which will be 
complete in tv.o volumes. The book is written from the mod- 
ern view-point but does not obtrude the critical in its treat- 
ment. There are twenty-six studies, which are provided with 
questions, and V\'hich would engage a class for six months. 
Dr. Willett has been teaching this material in the University 
of Chicago for many years, and has given many lectures over 
the country interpreting Israel's moral leaders. The book 
contains the ripe conclusions of many years of study, written 
in the style which has mlade the author so justly famous. 

"In the Land of the Cherry Blossom", by Maude \^^^itmore 
Madden. Fleming H. Revell, Chicago. The book is divided 
into two parts, the first containing "snap-shots" of Japan her- 
self. The second part deals with conversions in the Disciple 
missions of the country, the narrative of which should make 
good sermon illustrations for preachers. A number of very 
excellent illustrations add interest to the book. 

"Among Asia's Needy Millions", by Stephen J. Corey. For- 
eign Christian Missionary Society, Cincinnati. $ .50, net. 
This is a diary of a journey in the far cast during which the 
writer inspected the mission woriv of the Disciples iv. the Phil- 
ippines, China and Japan. The author has seen the every-day 
things that make a travel narrative interesting. It is the most 
human document we have yet seen on the missionary work of 
the Disciples in that section of the world, though some other 
excellent volumes are in circulation. The missionary society 
gave the previous volume on the Congo a wide circulation and 
this book will also prove a good seller, v/e have no doubt. 
It will also prove a most valuable aid in arousing missionary 
interest. It has a few excellent pictures in it. 

"Held to Ansv/er", a novel by Peter Chester Macfarlane. 
Brown & Co., Boston. $1.35 net. This is the first long story 
by the new Disciple novelist. It is a good one. The hero is 
a railway clerk, who after much lost time wakes up and goes 
on to the stage. Here he receives encouragement of ultimate 
success but his dutv to a widowed sister turns him aside from 


a career which will require so long a starving time. He be- 
comes a minister, and liis conception of a "Protestant con- 
fessional" and of his duty to a parishioner lays him liable to 
the penitentiary. How the actress woman failed to win him, 
and how he married the right woman at last and was complete- 
ly vindicated, makes the story one to keep the reader at his 
desk till the wee hours of the morning. As compared with 
contemporaneous novels, the book is exceptionally well writ- 
ten, it abounds in dramatic situations, it deals with religious 
problems discerningly, and is thoroughly wholesome. We can 
%vish it a wide circulation. 

"Backward Children," by Arthur Holmes. The Bobbs-Mer- 
riil Company, Indianapolis, $1.00, net. This is a popular pre- 
sentation by an able psychologist of the case of the backward 
child. The study is inductive, and real children are described 
in great numbers to illustrate the positions taken. No hobby 
is ridden, but a vast variety of causes for backwardness are 
discussed with the remedies proposed. The pastor will find 
the book revealing v.dth regard to some of the "bad" boys in 
the .Sunday School. Parents will find the book deeply inter- 
esting, if only that they may prevent the backwardness of 
their clnldren. There is no technical psychological language 
lo befoi? the lavman. and the book is well laid out. 

The Memorial Volume 

Real progress is being made on the memorial volume which 
will bear the title of "Twenty Years of Religious Progress." 
The various chapters will show what has happened to the 
Campbell Institute, the Disciples, the Christian World and 
Christian Scholarship, in that period. It is hoped to get the 
manuscrpts together in March and to get the book into the 
hands of the typesetters a month later. 

The Disciples' Congress 
The Disciples' Congress will be held in Chicago, April 25-27. 
A strong program is being prepared under the leadership of 
F. E. Lumley. Every Institute man should plan to be present. 
More details will be given next month. 



By Silas Jones 

"A Short History of Christianity in the Apostolic Age," by 
George HoUey Gilbert. This volume belongs to the series of 
construtive Bible studies published by the University of Chi- 
cago' Press. It has been prepared, therefore, as an aid to 
the serious student of the early days of Christianity. If a man 
v/ho has no conception of what it is to investigate the begin- 
nings and growth of institutions and has no desire to become 
acquainted with the early leaders of Christianity should find 
the work of Dr. Gilbert lacking in the qualities that hold liis 
attention, that would be no indication that the v/ork has not 
been done successfully. Much of the vvriting on the Bible 
has been done for the benefit of intellectual loafers and Bible 
study often has been brought into contempt by writing of this 
kind. One way to popularize Bible study is to make it appear 
v.^orthy of the highest intellectual effort. This can be done 
best by examples of the right method. 

Dr. Gilbert assumes that there are many young people in 
the colleges and academies that have a deep interest in the 
first creative epoch of Christianity and that they arc willing 
tO' use their historical and literary training in the study of 
the Bible. He seeks to introduce them into a v.'^orld in which 
there is a great variety. Christianity did not grow up in an 
obscure corner. The world of the apostles vvas one of racial 
and religious conflicts. The standpatter and the progressive 
had prominent places in it. To learn what fights went on in 
this ancient vv'orld and how opinions clashed is not a bad 
preparation for the life of the present. If Peter and John and 
James and Paul and Felix and Festus become living persons, 
the apostolic period will have value to the student. This re- 
sult is to be reached by reading in the right way the Book 
of Acts and the Epistles. "The book vrishes to be a guide 
to a certain region of early Christian history, but to the ful- 
filment of this end the student must enter that region for him- 
self and must dwell in it with open eyes and open mind. 
Teachers who use this book will, it is earnestly hoped, make 
plain to their pupils the necessitpy of securing first-hand ac- 
quaintance with the New Testament documents on which it is 
based." One who uses this book as a guide, ought to gain a 


respectable knowledge of the geographical, political, moral, and 
religious backgrounds of early Christianity and of the beliefs 
and practices of its most conspicuous leaders. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 
In 1863 Bishop Lightfoot wrote: "You are not to suppose 
that the word (some New Testament word which had its only 
classical authority in Herodotus) had fallen out of use in the 
interval, only that it had not been used in the books which 
remain to us: probably it had been part of the com,inon speech 
all along. I will go further and say that, if we could only 
recover letters that ordinary people wrote to each other with- 
out any thought of being literary, we should have the greatest 
possible help for tlie understanding of the language of the 
New Testament generally." 

This prophecy has been strikingly and abundantly con- 
firmed by the finding of Greek papyri in Egypt, especially since 
1877. An excellent winnowing from the thousands of frag- 
ments uncovered is now made available in Milligan's "Selec- 
tions from the Greek Papyri," Cambridge University Press. 
Pp. XXXIV — 152. I have not hitherto assumed a technical 
knowledge of classical antiquity in the readers of this depart- 
ment; nor does this month's book violate my practice, for 
these texts, being corrupt in transmission and often unusual 
in v/ords and forms, are provided with translations as well 
as introductions and notes. Especially interesting is the fol- 
lowing letter from Epicurus to a child: "We have arrived in 
health at Lampsacus. * * * * it is good if you are also in 
health and obey your father and grandfather in all things, as 
you have done before. For be sure, the reason why both I 
and all the rest love you so much is that you obey these in 
all things" (p. 5). How much more human the founder of 
the Epicurean philosophy seems to us after reading these words! 
Strangely modern is the following extract from the letter of a 
voyager up the Nile: * * * I have arrived at Libya, where Am- 
mon chants his oracles to all men, and have learned things of 
good omen, and have engraven the names of my friends on the 
sanctuaries for perpetual remembrance" (p. 69). These are 
but two exaiviple'; from a rich feast. 



By Roscoe R. Hill 

The place of historical writing as a factor in the develop- 
ment of nationalism is now well recognized. One of the best 
examples of this fact is found in the development of the Ger- 
man Empire. Antoine Guilland, Professor of History at L'Ecole 
Polytechnique Suisse, in his "Modern Germany and Her His- 
torians" (New York, McBride, Nast, 1915; 360 pp.) gives an 
interesting account of the character and work of the leading 
political historians of Gem^any during the nineteenth century, 
and portrays their influence upon the achievement and progress 
of German unity which has been worked out under the in- 
fluence of the Prussian national aspirations. 

The introduction discusses the work of Stein in fostering 
reform and in paving the way for more extensive historical 
study by the founding of the Historical Association in 1819. 
The author also points out here that the two cardinal political 
notions of the Prussian historical writers were exclusive na- 
tionalism and hostility toward the French Revolution. Chap- 
ters are then devoted to Niebuhr and Ranke, who set the 
method and prepared the way; to Momsen and Sybel, the "two 
great Liberal historians of the generation of 1848"; and to 
Treitschke, "the corypheus of Imperialism." 

Each chapter gives some account of the life and work of 
these men and makes an analysis of their writings and political 
thought. Niebuhr is the founder of historical ci'iticism. Ranke, 
whose work appears on the face as lacking in nationalism, is 
one of the greatest contributors toward it. Mommsen is a 
democrat, who in his Roman History contributed more than 
any other to the spread of the notion of Caesarism. Sybel is 
the best representative of the tendencies and spirit of the 
national Liberals. Treitschke is the preacher of thie excellence 
of Hohenzollern institutions. He is an inimitable chronicler, 
describing everybody and everything. His "History of Ger- 
m!any in the Nineteenth Century," which is characterized as 
excessively partisan, is a "national history v-ritten in a popular 
and living style." Treitschke stands as a brilliant and powerful 
factor in German unity. In conclusion the author holds, that 
the work of these political historians has been the spread of 
the cult of Bismark, "a crude justification of the policy of 


By John Ray Ewers 

it is every pastor's duty to enrich his soul. Says a Chinese 
proverb, "Had I but two loaves of bread, I would sell one 
of them and buy a white hyacinth to feed my soul." We 
cannot live by bread alone. No one can be a prophet who 
is continuously driven along the dusty highways. The min- 
ister, of all men, must see v/idely and feel deeply. 

What are we doing to feed our souls? Already we have 
spoken of the effects of private prayer and the experiences of 
pastoral calls. Today let us consider our duty of putting our- 
selves under the gracious influences of inusic, art and litera- 

A minister leaving our ranks and going to another town, 
mentioned, as among his good works, the constant attendance 
on concerts. He spoke of the effects of orchestras upon his 
whole life. He spoke harshly to his fellow ministers who 
neglected these means of grace. 

Last week 1 heard Melba, tonight I am going to the Boston 
Symphony, next week a dinner and an evening with literary 
men. For three years I have had the privilege of associating 
with twenty men of literary taste who dine together every 
two v,ccks. It is invaluable. 

It is a duty to study art. Every great city has a collec- 
tion or two which one ought to take advantage of as fre- 
quently as possible. How your congregation loves illustrations 
drawn from your own experience in studying pictures. Did 
you see that wonderful painting at San Francisco of the be- 
reaved father with face in dust, in his sorrow refusing or neg- 
lecting to look up, to where his little boy. alive and well, sat 
playing, with a custer of grapes, in the lap of the Mother of 
Consolation? It is superior to a similar painting in the Luxem- 
burg, Paris. For there the child lies stark dead, while the 
IT. other weeps. Here the child lives, if we only look np! 

It is a limitless field, but if we will be true to our own in- 
tuitions and refuse to be spoiled by conventionalities; if we 
will let music and art speak into our own souls, we shall ex- 
tend our sympathies and deepen our em;otions. 



By Lee E. Cannon 

Vachel Lindsay's "The Art of the Moving Picture" (Macm. 
1915, $1.25) is an interesting attempt to "classify and judge the 
current films." The book is a mixture of sound common- 
sense and a rather eccentric and highly imaginative idealism. 
Mr. Lindsay divides photo-plays into three classes; pictures of 
Action of Intimacy, and of Splendor, which are, by his the- 
ory, sculpture in motion, painting in motion, and architecture 
in motion. One chapter is devoted to a summary of some of 
the main differences betv/een the photo-play and the legitimate 
drama. In another chapter there is a rather strained effort to 
trace a parallelism between Egyptian hieroglyphics and the 
"movies." The second part of the book is concerned with 
speculations as to the value of the moving-picture to the moral 
crusader, as an eliminator of the slum saloon, as a cultural 
leverage, etc. Mr. Lindsay has a fanciful, entertaining stjde, 
and something of the vision of a seer, but one is inclined to 
ask with Virgil, "Quid struis? aut spe gclidis in nubibus 

Amy Lowell's "Six French Poets" (Macm. 1915, $2.50) is a 
collection of essays, biographical and appreciative, of Verhae- 
ren, Samain, Femy de Goumont, de Regnier, James, and Paul 
Fort. Miss Lowell belongs to our "New School" and her 
sympathy with her contemporaries seems to befog, soniev^^hat, 
her judgment. However, the articles discuss poets compara- 
tively unknown here, and are illustrated with numerous quota- 
tions which are excellently translated in the appendix. These 
men write mostly in "vers libre," and most of them belong 
to the school of "Art for Art's sake." The poems reproduce 
moods, rather than convey ideas. The language is musical 
and polished. There are still some of us, however, who prefer 
some meat along with the dressing. The book is valuable 
as an introduction to this period of French poetry. 

The circumstances attending the untimely death of the 
young English poet, Rupert Brooke, give him a romantic 
halo which may at present somewhat dazzle us. Yet. the "Col- 
lected Poems" (John Lane, 1915, $1.25) testify that he was no 
comimon clay. Professor VVoodberry. in an appreciative intro- 
duction, considers him especially successful in the dramatic 


sonnet, the narrative idyl, and the "melange." His are the 
poems of a young man who loved life, but, as his country's 
call, he went "down with unreluctant tread, rose-crowned 
into the darkness." Lovers of poetry will enjoy this volume. 


By ChxVS. E. Underwood 

"The Social Institutions and Ideals of the Bible." Theo- 
dore Scares. The Abingdon Press. New York. $1.50. 385 pp. 

Since the beginning of the Social Service movement, Bible 
teachers have longed for a text-book which would interpret 
the Bible in light of modern critical research, and of its Social 
Message. In the above work the author undertakes to meet 
this need. 

The book is one of a series put out by the Abingdon Press 
under the title Bible Study Text book Series. 

The author divides the volume into three parts. Part I. pp. 
19-195, deals with Hebrevv' Social Institutions — Domestic, Eco- 
nomic, Political, and Religious. Part II, pp. 199-291 deals with 
the Social Teachings of the Prophets and of the Sages. Part 
III., pp. 295-380, deals with the Social Teachings of Jesus. 
The volume closes with a bibliography. 

The bibliography indicates splendidly the scope both of the 
research and the published work. Here the author lists the 
best works of Biblical Introduction, criticism. History, Ethics, 
and Social Studies. The author has based his interpreta- 
tions on a position, thoroughly scholarly and frankly modem. 
The work presupposes a fair knowledge of systematic Bible 
research. For that reason it should be used only in advanced 
classes and should have a prerequisite of fundamental courses 
in Biblcal History and Literature. 

In the concluding chapter the author deals with the "Social 
Teachings of Jesus and the Prophets of the Modern World." 
This chapter applies the Social Message to present day condi- 
tions, under four sections — The Inadequacy of Literalism, The 
Abiding Significance of Justice and Love, Jesus as the Ideally 
Socialized Personality, The Social Task of Today. 

The book is well written. It is a stimulating and inform- 
ing book from the pen of an able scholar. It well repays 
careful reading and still more careful studv. 



By li. C. Armstrong 

"Training in Worship" 

Perhaps the most important function of the Bible School 
is just one to which in the larger number of our schools 
about the least attention is given, namely, the training in 
worship and the culture of reverence. Most important because 
just as all genuine morality rests in the last analysis on re- 
spect, so all true religion and all right religious life are 
founded on worship and proceed from the spirit of reverence. 
Probably the man who just at present is doing most for the 
promotion of a better understanding and appreciation of the 
truth of worship as related to the Bible School is Dr. Hugh 
Hartshorne, Principal of the Union School of Religion, New 
York. His book, "Worship in the Sunday School," published 
by the Scribners, is now followed b)^ ariother, the "Manual 
for Training in Worship," b}' the same publishers. This is 
a most important book, and it should be in the hand of every 
Bible School Superintendent in the land. It may seem a very 
simple thing to stand up and aunouriCC a few songs, read a 
few verses of Scripture, and call on some one to pray; but 
the truth is that these simple iratters have to do with the 
deepest and most vital issues of life. The superintendent who 
knows and cares will be glad to have the help which these 
books offer. 

Intelligent direction of this part of the School's program 
is just as essential as the intelligent direction of its teaching 
function. Three things, among others, should characterize the 
worship in the School. In the first place, worship must be 
provided for and conducted with intelligent care. The songs, 
Scripture readings, and prayers must be made really the means 
of growth and culture in the spirit of reverence. Therefore 
the songs must be spiritual, meaningful, and worthy. They 
nmst be varied, hymns of praise of thanksgiving, of consecra- 
tion, of confession, of activity and service. They must be 
taught to the School intelligently so that they can be sung 
with understanding and appreciation of their meaning. There 
must be, moreover, order in the arrangement of the songs and 
readings and prayers, an "order of service." real "exercise" 
in worship. Our children learn arithmetic by means of "exer- 

cises," so do they learn composition and grammar; so will 
they learn worship, if ever, by "exercises." There must be 
forms of worship. Secondly, worship in the School mnist be 
graded, just as the lessons are graded. This hardly needs 
saying in this enlightened Sunday School age. And, finally, 
worship in the Bible School must be preparatory. It must 
train and prepare our children to take part in and to enjoy 
the Church Worship. It is the office of the Bible School to 
train boys and girls for the Christian life, in the Church, as 
well as in the world. The School that neglects worship neg- 
lects one of the chief functions of its calling. 


By Fred E. Lumley 

A recent popular writer speaks of Mohammedanism as "one 
of the seven perils of humanity." And this probably expresses 
the opinion of the average Christian. But those who really 
understand the Moslems and their faith, after years of close 
study, are not so pessimistic. For evidence examine a book 
entitled, "The Vital Forces of Christianity and Islam," com- 
prising a series of articles by notable scholars and missonaries. 
The writers were asked to state (1) what they had found in 
the Moslem faith of genuine religious value, (2) whether they 
had found any dissatisfaction, on the part of Moslems, with 
their faith on specific points, (3) what elements in Christian- 
ity make the strongest appeal, (4) what elements awaken the 
most opposition, (5) what elements in Islam present points of 
contact with Christianity and may be used by the teacher as a 
foundation on which to build, (6) what effect contact with 
Moslems has had upon the missionaries' understanding of the 
New Testament and what is most vital and essential to Chris- 
tian faith. The answers to these questions are most illuminat- 
ing and comforting. I cannot resist giving one quotation (con- 
cerning question 4) from the paper of Professor Stewart Craw- 
ford who has spent all his life in Syria and is now a teacher 
in the Syrian Protestant College. 

Speaking of certain political adjustments which have indi- 
cated cynical indifference on the part of European govern- 
ments to the Moslem point of view and sense of justice he 
ronchules "It needs to be made clear that the missionary 


program includes the conservation of every Islamic right, and 
the utmost consideration for every conscientious attempt to 
promote the interests of Islam as a system. The evangelical 
missionary vi'ould replace that system as rapidly as possible 
by a great avvakening of moral and spiritual forces within the 
Islamic world, an awakening that will gradually lift all its 
peoples into fulness of life made known by Jesus Christ. This 
is not the destruction of Islam, it is rather a transformation of 
its forces and its career by conferring on its followers the 
liberty of the sons of God. The evangelization of Islam will 
not be chiefly or essentially a process of humiliation for its 
peoples but will assuredly confer on them new corporate 
powers and opportunities. No more urgent duty devolves 
upon the present-day missionary to Islam than tO' interpret his 
aim SO that it will be seen to be not a hostile propaganda, but 
rather the enthusiasm of humanity that finds its source in the 
living Christ. 

These papers reveal as no other book that I know, the 
modern missionary point of view and purpose. They em- 
phasize the delicacy of the missionary task and silently plead 
for missionaries not only with a broad sympathy and a great 
enthusiasm but also with very great skill in methods of ap- 
proach, such as a quick analysis of the native's point of view, 
his mental processes, the weight of his customs and prejudices. 
And of course there is emphatic denial of the usefulness of 
religious bigots who have only one idea to take with them 
and that in the form of repulsive dogma. This is an exceed- 
ingly interesting series of studies. Careful examination of it 
would help some of our men at home in their approach to 
other men. 

The Anniversary Meeting 

The twentieth anniversary meeting of the Campbell Insti- 
tute will be held in Chicago at the Hyde Park Church of the 
Disciples, July 26 to 28, 1916. Every member has received 
a call to be present and bring a paper. Up to the date of 
this writing, January 26, cards have been coming in for two 
days. Twenty-three are at hand, out of whom sixteen promise 
to be present, four fully expect to be but cannot promise at 


this time and only three are numbered among those who posi- 
tively cannot come. These three live in Georgia, Colorado and 
Tennessee, so have some basis of excuse, though we still hope 
that the flood of promises will yet persuade them to change 
front. Nine papers are promised upon these cards. The 
members who promise to be on hand are Frank Waller Allen, 
Harry F. Burns, Olynthus B. Clark, Dr. Cliflford U. Collins, 
H. W. Cordell, John Ray Ewers, Cloyd Goodnight, Lewis R. 
Hotaling, Austin Hunter, W. D. MacClintock, H. T. Morrison, 
Robert E, Park, C. H. Winders. The other three pledges are 
from Ames, Sharpe and Flickinger, whose names have already 
been given. Faris, Plum, Nichols, Willett, Gates, Jordan, 
Henry and Ritchey make up the total of twenty-four who are 
promised to make all plans to be here with the hundred, and 
four others who hope to be able to make the trip but do not 
feel able to promise just now. 

The Executive Committee will probably meet during Feb- 
ruary and prepare a preliminary outline of the program which 
can be published in the March Bulletin. If you have not yet 
mailed your card, do so at once. 

By Edward A. Henry 

A. W. Taylor was a visitor to Des Moines early in Decem- 
ber, upon which occasion he served as "Senior Cap and Gown 
Speaker." O. B. Clark, the "class father," entertained him 
and gave a lunch in his honor which was attended by Pres. 
Bell, and Messrs. Medbury, Idleman, Faris. Norton, Martin 
ind Rev. J. E. Kirby, a Congregational pastor. In the after- 
noon Bro: Taylor addressed the Bible College students upon, 
'The Problem of the Rural Church" and captivated his audi- 
ence. In the evening from six to nine, a Campbell Institute 
dinner was held at the Chamberlain Hotel in honor of Bro. 
fajdor. Those present were Messrs. Taylor, Clark, Deming, 
Earley, Kirk, Morehouse, Nichols, Faris, Norton, Martin and 
Veatch. In addition the following guests were present, 
Messrs. T. F. Faris, F. B. VanMeter, R. E. Conklin and Hugh 
Whelpton. Mr. Clark was toastmlaster. All pronounced it a 
?reat felloAvship occasion. 

82 ' 

Owing to an epidemic of scarlet fever in Eureka the dedi- 
cation of the new gymnasium has been postponed until early 
in February. President Pritchard is rejoicing in the fact that 
the University of Illinois has now granted Eureka full recogni- 
tion as a standard school and the University of Chicago has 
agreed to accept their A. B. degree as a basis for entrance 
into the graduate schools. 

j. L. Garvin conducted evangelistic meetings in Waukegan, 
111., from January 17 to 29. He made a special eflfort to 
secure in the community a more cordial interest in this church, 
and it seems, with a considerable degree of success. He 
expects to go to Ohio for another meeting soon. 

Finis Idleman was installed in his new v.'ork at Central 
Church, New York City on January 7th. F. W. Burnham and 
Peter Ainslie assisted J. M. Philputt in the service. We have not 
yet received Mr. Idleman's street address in New York nor 
any word as tO' Mr. Philputt's plans for the future. We hope 
to hear from both soon. 

Chicago enjoyed a visit from Burris Jenkins January 23rd 
and 24th. Sunday morning he was the University preacher at 
Mandel Hall. At 3 P. M. he addressed the Quarterly rally of 
Disciples at the First Methodist Church and in the evening he 
preached for Dr. Willett at Memorial Church. Monday morn- 
ing he addressed the Disciples Ministerial meeting. It is 
needless to say that all who heard him v/ere enthused and 
hope for another visit from him soon. 

Charles Clayton Morrison got out of Chicago for Panama 
just before the Institute circular letter reached him. He jour- 
neys first to the Panama Congress then to the capital cities of 
South Amterica as the special writer to interpret the Con- 
gress and its follow-up meetings to the American press, both 
secular and religious. While we were too late to get a prom- 
ise from him before his departure we confidently hope to 
have an address from him upon our program next summer. 
Mrs. Morrison returned his postal card signed with a "D. V." 

Christian University. Canton, Mo., under the leadership 
of President Todd is another school that has succeeded in fully 
standardizing its courses. Mr. Todd is to be congratulated 
upon his success in so short a tim.e. 


Since we wrote the note regarding the next ineeting many 
other cards have come in but we must hold them for notice 
next month. These news notes are written after most of the 
Bulletin is in type. 

A letter from Bro. Wallace Payne reported a cold and 
fruitless hunt in St. Paul for Bro. McKee recently. By a 
peculiar coincidence, the same mail brought Bro. McKee's 
postal card with word that he is now located at Madelia, Minn. 
The card contained no other news, except that he cannot come 
to the July meeting. 

Other address changes revealed by the returning postal 
cards are as follows. C. B. Coleman from 56 Irvington Ave. 
to 33 Downey Ave.. Indianapolis; John R. Ewers from 6002 
Alder St.. to 1301 Denniston Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

B. F. Dailcy has moved to 107 S. Ritter Ave., Indianapolis, 
Ind., and is conducting an evangelistic meeting for Bro. Win- 
ders which is progressing nicely. He has two daughters in 
Butler College. He preaches at Mooresville, nearby. He 
reports that Winders ministers weekly to quite a group of 
C. I. men, including himself. Howe, Coleman, Underwood, 
Lumley, Payne and Hoover, If any of those men ever falls 
under suspicion w^e will know who are to hold responsible. 

C. R. Wakeley, formerly of Chicago, has settled in Uma- 
tila, Lake Co., Florida. He has fallen under the spell of ""Vou- 
may-till-a" bit of land for yourself, for he is going to raise 
Natal Grass for market. For many years the state of Florida 
has imported over ten millions of dollars' worth of hay an- 
nually since none of the familiar hays would grow there. 
This new African hay prospers in Florida and the Wakeleys 
hope to gain a sliare of the money spent for hay. 

C. G. Baker began a rcvval in his own church at West 
Park, Indianapolis on January 16th. The community paper 
edited by him continues to give a square deal to the other 
churches of the neighborhood. We note that the Quakers and 
even a "Holiness" church receive advertising in its pages 
along with Methodist. Presbyterian and other denominational 

Beginning February 13th, I. J. Spencer of Lexington, Ky., 
will conduct meetings for Verle Blair in the Eureka College 


VV. F. Rotheiibergcr of Cleveland, Ohio, addressed a 
men's meeting at Newcastle, Pa., on December 2. 

Joseph L. Garvin spent part of November conducting 
a meeting at Kimball, Minn. The Christian Church was a 
small and almost insignificant body against which there was 
much prejudice in the town. As a result of the meeting most 
of this prejudice was removed and the church prepared to 
take its part in co-operative work. Some 25 nev/ members 
were added to the church and a campaign was started which 
is expected tO' abolish the two saloons in the city. 

Frank Waller Allen is preaching to large audiences in 
Springfield, 111., and has practically completed the task of 
raising a $20,000 debt upon his church. He is preaching upon, 
"The Religion of a Alodern Man." 

C. C. Buckner recently led t!ie Connellsville, Pa., church 
in the celebration of its 83rd anniversary. Cloyd Goodnight 
was among the speakers. 

Roscoe R. Hill has just completed his article on Latin 
America for the American Year-Book, published by Appleton's. 
This is the second time Mr. Hill has performed this service. 
He is writing for the leading papers in New Mexico, insisting 
upon a better understanding of Latin American countries. 

East End church of Pittsburgh, of v/hich John Ray 
Ewers is pastor, had a giving Christmas and sent 50 baskets 
to the poor. Special services have been held recently for the 
Odd and the Knights of Malta. A series of Sunday 
evening sermons described in the advertising as "sensational" 
have brought some big human themes effectively to ihe at- 
tention of the people. 

The Evanston church, O. F. Jordan, pastor, closed the 
year with their budget clear, and with a substantial reduction 
of the mortgage. The Every-Member canvass will double 
missionary giving in this church, the number of pledges to 
the budget have been increased thirty per cent and substantial 
increase was made in the building fund pledges. The morning 
church attendance was the largest during 1915 of anj' year of 
the church's history. 

J. P. Givens has begun his work at Hoopeston, 111., 
which brings him also nearer Chicago.- 

Campbell Sn0tttute ISulletm 



The Religious Pacifist 

Our country is at the present time hearing the controversy 
between the pacifist and the "preparedness" advocate. The 
discussion is one that relates to values. Is peace a goal for 
which we would pay any price? If not, what should we be 
willing to pay for it, and what should we refuse to pay? 

In a measure, this fundamental problem confronts the re- 
ligious world, as in reference to the discussion of religious 
questions. Among the Disciples of Christ, and in the Camp- 
bell Institute, there have been the thorough-going pacifists. 
"These have believed that nothing is more evil than heated 
discussion, and nothing more to be desired than courtesy and 
an avoidance of distressing problems. As against these, there 
is the type of mind which either in the name of conservatisin, 
or of progress, has insisted upon clarifying our basic concep- 
tions. Is peace botight at the price of the faith once delivered 
tO' the saints, a peace wofth having? Is a peace which goes 
into the cave rather than face the dawn of a new day, a good 

Among the denominations, too, &ur pacifist has delivei-ed 
himself with reference to Christian Union. He has been an- 
swered by a "preparedness" attitutde. Are we to hope for 
Christian Union at any price, or are there some things too 
valuable to pay for even this precious thing that was the 
object of our Lord's exhortations and prayers? 

It is evident that we are rapidly approaching the day when 
we must form a new assessment of life values. The super- 
ficial thinking of a mammonistic age, miust give way to some 
new adventures in the spiritual realm. Never was there 
greater need for the trained minds of the church to give 
themselves to the problems of religion than now. The Camp- 
bell Institute fellowship faces today the greatest opportunity 
of its existence, in doing its bit to bring to the world more 
satisfying concepHons of life and God. 


Every one of the great professions has tended to standardize 
its professional ethics except the ministrjr. An editor of a 
daily paper in Chicago recently challenged the ministers that 
he would repent of his sins when they repented of theirs! 
It is necessary for every sinner to be made to see the guilt 
of his own wrong-doing, and also difficult. 

There is the temptation of graft in connection with the 
ministry. A book is commended, to secure a lower price. 
The discount, now happily disappearing, belonged to this class. 
Commercial firms are offering bonuses for finding customers. 
These are forms of commercial temptation. 

The assumption of omniscience bv the preacher who thun- 
ders against authorities on matters concerning which he has 
only newspaper information, or hearsay evidence, is a form 
of usurpation. The person attacked is without redress except 
in the courts, and he does not always choose to go there. 

The treatment of his fellovz-ministers, often betrays the 
caliber of a man. It is a broad-minded preacher who uni- 
formly speaks v/ell of his predecessor, v^'ithout qualifications. 
Dr. Reisner says Methodist ministers have a way of gossiping 
and tearing m.inisterial reputations to tatters. The Methodist 
denomination has no monopoly on that kind of thing. 

The minister has no time-clock to punch and no boss. He 
can loaf with no one to reprove. He may take in an undue 
amount of outside work, vrithout an understanding with his 
church. It is true that time reveals his failure to give a quid 
pro quo. But does not a church often pay for more than it 
gets ? 

The doctors know what they mean by a quack; the lawyers 
have clearly defined a sh^'Ster. It is not the heretic that the 
church must fear most, but a kind of sinner for whom there 
is now no name. 

■ H. T. Loken has been preaching a series of Sunday evening 
sermons following the general line of Bade's "The Old Testa- 
ment in the Light of Today." The discussions have been fol- 
lowed by an open forum. 

J. L. Deming reports that he hopes to be at the ■ annual 
meeting next summer. He has been quite sick with the grip 
but is better now. , . 


' By Fred E. Lumley 

If anyone is looking for a concise, consistent and well- 
Avritten account of "missionary expansion" from the first cen- 
tury to the present, I Vv'ould like to suggest Edwin N. Bliss' 
little book, "The Missionary Enterprise." Mr. Bliss was the 
editor of the Encyclopedia of ^>Iissions and when reading the 
book referred to, one has the impression that there are vast 
resources behind. And I confess that I greatly admire au- 
thors who can leave that impression in their books. It is 
always a source of disappointment to have the feeling that the 
plough is liable to leave the ground at any minute. This book 
is a new edition of the author's "Concise History of Mis- 
sions," written about fifteen years ago for the purpose of 
giving a general survey of the progress of foreign missions, 
but it is not merely a revision; much of the book is wholly 
new. It touches up with rare delicacy and perfect balance the 
outlines of the missionary movement, following the trunk of 
the tree up through the centuries and then going cut on all 
the limbs as they reach to the "uttermost parts of the earth." 
The great missionaries are made to stand out in all their 
strength and effectiveness; the various aspects of missions, 
organization, evangelism, education and the native church, are 
given due and proportionate consideration; the various fields, 
into which this movement has penetrated and the present 
needs, are noted. And thus, in a few hours of consecutive 
reading,' we may gain, as from some high point of observa- 
tion, a view of this vast enterprise from its simple beginnings 
to its highly complex and splendid present attainments. I 
may be permitted to express my own convictions after this 
survey. It was a pleasure to turn from other lines of thought 
and interest to renew acquaintance with these heroes of the 
faith. They stimulate me to greater loyalty. And the review 
of their experiences raises the question: "If they without us 
cannot be made perfect, what are we doing to enable them to 
realize perfection?" Our loyalty is double; to Christ whose 
followers we are and to these forerunners of our glorious 
days and contributors to our excellent missionary conception 
and the present achievements. It has never been easy to per- 
suade men to Christianitj^ and to carry on reforms. But these 
leaders succeeded. Why and how did they succeed? To' re- 
view their lives is to be flooded v/ith suggestions and hints 
which we can use in our work. The effect of the reading is 
altogether helpful. 



By Roy C. Flickinger 

The Navy and Sea Power. By David Hannay. New York: 
Henry Holt & Co. pp. 256. $0.50. 

This is the latest addition to the Home University Library, 
the merits of which I discussed in the Bulletin last May, 
p. 12. My excuse for bringing this volume within the purview 
of this Chamber is the fact that a long chapter is devoted to 
the Ancient World. 

The Phoenician cities laj' at the end of the Asiatic caravan 
routes, thus illustrating the truth that neither harbors nor 
coast line but markets and capital determine the course of a 
sea-borne commerce. The reign of the galley did not come 
to an end until the 16th century. Consequently, we have to 
d o w ith vessels which v.'cre easily driven ashore, which had 
to carry so many rowers that they could be provisioned for 
only a fevs^ days at a time and therefore could not maintain an 
effective blockade, which could not continue long at high 
speed, which could figlit only by ramming or boarding, whose 
crews could quickly be trained to rival the best, etc. These 
handicaps help to explain why the author denies that "the 
trident of Neptune is the sceptre of the world." He makes 
the same denial also for later times, however. Other lessons 
are that continuous sea power requires large revenues and 
must be intrenched in an insular position secure from land 
attack. Its weakness is that its possessions over seas will 
drain its strength by necessitating fighting on land. 

The deductions drawn from modern times are similar but 
must not be spoiled for the reader by being catalogued 
here. Some of them bear a striking relationship to present 
world events. Opponents of Mr. Roosevelt will appreciate the 
following quotation: "The sea power which was making the 
canal (sc. at Panama) did what its interests called upon it to 
do, firmly and dexterously, by methods of which Machiavelli 
would have approved and which Philip H would have put into 
practice" (p. 241). 

Mr. Hannay's style is not free from criticism, but his facts 
and conclusions make ample reparation. 



By Chas. E. Underwood 

Yale Divinity School students of the year 1908-1909 will 
not soon forget the impression of a pleasing personality and 
ripe scholarship made by Ismar J. Peritz on the occasion of 
a single lecture delivered in that year before them. This man, 
Professor of Biblical Languages and Literature at Syracuse 
University, was selected by the publishers of the Bible Study 
Text Book Series, to write the volume on Old Testament His- 

The history begins with a brief study of the sources, briet 
to the point of seeming dogmatism, but embodying the results 
of his carefully trained scholarship. The book covers the his- 
tory of the Hebrew people carefully to the Roman period, 
and traces the currents of the later history to the destruction 
of Jerusalem in 70 A. D. Supplemenuiry to tiiis later history, 
the author presents a discussion of the institutions of later 
times, the rise of religious sects, etc. This distinctive feature 
of the book gives opportunitj' for a unified study, in a single 
course, of the entire history of the Hebrews during the periods 
of their national existence. 

The book is well written and scholarly, with a good biblio- 
graphy, and many valuable helps to careful study. It is de- 
signed for undergraduate students in college. It fits well the 
years for which it is intended, and is destined to find its way 
into many institutions of learning. 

If any adverse crilicisui may be made upon the book, it is 
that it assumes a knowledge of the Bible more comprehensive 
than possessed by the average student who will enter the 
course. This assumption is not, however, an unmixed evil. 
It stimulates the student, and leaves the teacher opportunity 
for plans in careful shaping of the course. 

When one considers the fact that the work is clearly and 
definitely constructive, handling the field with that true rever- 
ence that is essential to true scholarship, and with that inde- 
pendence that is equally essential, combined with many ex- 
cellencies which cannot be noted in this brief reviev^', one 
comes readily to the conclusion that the work is a definite and 
valuable contribution to the rapidly increasing literature in this 


* "Old Testament History.'' The Abingdon Tress. 
York. Ismar J. Peritz. pp. 336, price, $1.50, 1915. 


By Lee E. Cannon 

A delightfully readable book, "popular" but scholarly, is 
Bliss Perry's "Carlyle; How to Know Him" (Bobbs Merrill, 
1915, $1.25). The aim is to "exhibit as far as possible in 
Carlyle's own words, the working of his mind", to search ont 
his leading ideas, to consider the ethical validity of his gospels 
of "work", "sincerety", the "hero", etc. 

A companion volume is Professor Phelps' "Browning" 
(same as above). Browning's ideas, optimism, fondness for 
paradox are discussed in all appreciative and thoughtful 

Both of these books were written by great teachers. The 
volumes themselves are abundantly illustrated with quotations, 
— in the latter are included some fifty of the shorter poems, — 
and are valuable cither as reviews of, or introductions to the 
authors treated. 

W. S. Braithwaite's "Anthology of Magazine Verses" 1915, 
(Gomme & Marshall, 1915, $1.50) is a much larger volume than 
its predecessors. A careful perusal of it is a pleasant and 
helpful task, and affords an opportunity of estimating the 
range and value of contemporary verse. Here one finds the 
hard, clear, idealess gems of the "Imagists", the simple direct- 
ness of Frost, the singing lyrics of Sara Teasdale the "epi- 
taphs" of Masters, and many others. The book is attractive- 
ly gotten up, with an introductory essay and an interesting 

Readers of the "Nation" will enjoy Pollack's "Fifty Years 
of American Idealism" (Houghton Mififlin, 1915, $2.50). It 
contains an article on "The "Nation" and its contributors", a 
series of editorial extracts on problems of the times, and a 
collection of twenty-five representative essaj's. Its high qual- 
ity of expression and its judicial attitude have made the 
"Nation's" career enviable. Whoever reads this book will bet- 
ter appreciate the "Nation's" firm stand for right living and 
clear thinking. 


By John Ray Ewers 
"The Duty of Staying Young" 

"Grow old along with me," is very nice poetry. But I 
prefer to sing, "Stay young along with me, the best is now." 
One ought to have a deadly fear of the hardened artery, the 
infirm step and the rigid dogmatism of old age. It is fright- 
ful to grow old. I confess that all this talk about firesides, 
golden ripeness and purple mists does not appeal to me; I 
want to stay young, to be full of the rich joy of living. 

Premature oldness is the curse of our day. Men drop dead 
at sixty. The rapidity of aging is weird. One day we are 
blooming babies and the next we are wrinkled and bald-headed 
old men, tottering on the edge of the grave. If there are any 
fountains of perpetual youth, let us know. 

1 must confess myself somewhat amused at the seriousness 
with which some of our members take themselves — the weight 
of wisdom — the fatherly advise — the dull interest in ponderous 
and useful scholarship! Come, be human. Stay young. Play 
a game. 

Here is another amusing thing, "Our busy days." We may 
thing new and the loss of desire to play games. I may not 
be able to learn much but, believe me, I have become a fiend 
at golf and a passionate lover of volley ball. Three evenings 
in my "busy" week I play the latter. If I were a rich man I 
would have a private gymnasium and invite my decrepit friends 
in to loosen up their joints. 

Here is another amusing thing, "Our busy days." We may 
be fussy but not many of us are busy. There must be a lot 
of useless efiort — what have we to show for it all? If you are 
too busy to be healthy — well, read Arnold Bennett's "Living 
on Twenty-four Hours a Day." 

"I like that preacher; he is human," said a man. Most 
preachers are deadly dull. They lack vivacity. They have no 
sense of humor, no sympathy for sinners, no relation to real- 
ity. Young men avoid them as you would a morgue! From 
professionalism. Good Lord, deliver us. The anemic, but- 
toned-up sky-pilot with his mutton-chop whiskers and white 
cravat and his interests in the next world — doctrine, death and 

92 ' 

If you feel like Atlas, come out of it. We don't take you so 
seriously. The C. I. is a young men's association; we ahvays 
have been and always will be boys. It is a great thing to be 
alive this morning. 


By Roscoe E. Hill 

The present world conflict serves to emphasize the need of 
a universal and enduring peace. Alen are striving for the solu- 
tion of this world problem. The reading of a pamphlet and 
a book has suggested Nationalism and Internationalism as the 
true solution. The Nationalism must be of a better type than 
anything heretofore known and must have in it nothing of 
egoism. Ihrough it each nation must oiler something of value 
to the world. Professor Albert Leon Guerard, in his pamphlet, 
"The Land Where Hatred Expires." (New York, American 
Association for international Conciliation, 1916), has pointed 
out that the naiionalistic contributions of America are her 
spirit of justice and the success in the fusion of races. 

But nations are interdependent. The period of American 
isolation is ended. Commerce, travel, intellectual development 
and religion pay little attention to national boundaries. 
Through these the ne\v internationalism must be developed. 
Normal Angell, in "America and the Nev/ World State" (New 
York, Putnam's, 1915; x, 305 pp.) discusses this new interna- 
tionalism and the relation of America to it. For America he 
sees a great opportunity of leadership as an "initiator and 
organizer of the new sanctions of international life." 

The obstacle to the new development is v*'ar. The cause of 
war, the menace of the world's peace, is found in the preva- 
lence of the idea of the use of force — Prussianism. This doc- 
trine is not only the ideal of Germany, according to the author, 
but is found to permeate the thinking and ideals of the English 
and the Americans as well. Further it is shown that war is 
essentially for the victory and not to make the world better. 
The author holds that this false doctrine of Prussianism can 
not be destroyed by the use of militarj^ force, because modern 
people are indestructible. War can be terminated only by 
the improvement of the ideals of the nations, a better nation- 

■ 93 

ism, and the establishment of a real council of nations, a neAv 
internationalism. This "society of nations must be based, as 
all other civilized societies are based, upon the agreement of 
partners cooperating to a common end." 


By li. C. Armsteong 
Missionary Education 

Do not slight the March Offering. It has "gold in its 
mouth." Every special offering of the missionary year is a 
religious education v/hich can be made a season of sincere and 
earnest expression of interest in mankind and of love and de- 
votion to Christ. Of course there cannot be expression unless 
there has first been impression. Truth is there must be much 
impression before there can be even a little expression. There 
is great need therefore of an all-the-year program of construc- 
tive missionary education leading up to the offerings. Let me 
propose a few practical measures which will help in this con- 

First, an every-month missionary hymn in the School can 
be made a happy and effective means of cultivating missionary 
interest. Select a worthy missionary hymn and have the 
School make it a memory hymn. Let the superintendent find 
all the interesting missionary facts about the hymn and its 
author and tell the story to the School. Make it a continued 
story running through the month. Thus while the School is 
learning and singing the hymn directly its members will be 
getting some good missionary information indirectly and will 
be growing in missionary interest almost unawares. 

Second, establish and keep the missionary year. T mean 
like certain churches keep the Christian Year. Certain 
churches mark the year by the color of the draperies of the 
pulpit and chancel, and by other special appointments and 
observances. So let us do v/ith the missionary year. During 
January let us put up before the School in some appropriate 
place some pictures and banners of our colleges. From Sun- 
day to Sunday tell the School about our educational institu- 
tions. February and March, hang a large map of the world 
before the School and have each Snndav a short talk about 


some country in which we have missions or about some of our 
stations. April and May, have the map of the United States 
up and some good Home missionary' talks. So through the 
year. The results will be astonishing. 

Third, on the first Sunday of each month have all the 
children come in and take the front seats of the Church, and 
give them a five minute missionary story-sermon before the 
regular sermon. I have been doing this for four years. It 
has proved a great blessing in many ways. It helps the 
children. It reaches the whole Church, often more efifectually 
than the regular sermon. It helps the preacher — makes his 
preaching simpler and more missionary. Try it for a j'-ear. 

Mere suggestions these, but they are pillars of a very ef- 
fective program if worked out and put into practice. 


By J. L. Deming 

A book of unusual sociological interest, not because of any 
new ideas of social theories but because of the unusual group- 
ing of facts gleaned from careful research, is that recently 
written by George Henry Payne and published by Putnam's 
Sons', New York. The author presents very interestingly the 
story of how the child has stood in each of the barbarisms 
and civilizations of which we have knowledge; hence its title, 
"The Child in Human Progress". He successfully depicts 
the child's relation to the adult individual, to the tribe, to the 
state and by what slow development has been worked out its 
present status in what is called "the centurj^ of the child". Of 
all the books written on the child this is most instructive. 
The work is unique in that it gives us the position of the child 
in his social, political and humanitarian existence in all nations 
and in all eras. 

As a stor}' it is far from pleasing. It is rather the oppo- 
site, being full of the inhumanities practiced by man century 
after century. It makes you feel little. Instructive as the 
work is, it lacks perfection in that the author fails to bring 
vividly before the reader the fact that there is another side to 
the story. He fails to show that while these tribes, nations 
and races were abusing and crushing some of their children, 

they were cherishing others with all their possible knowledge, 
care and love. The early chapters unfold page by page the 
development of that parental love until it evolves a perfect 
desire to mitigate the horros of the past. He shows how 
from the extensive practice of infanticide to the now wide 
movement of prevention the human race has developed. The 
work is timely and well worth the reading. 

Particularly interesting to me were the chapters devoted 
to the status of children among the Roman people with whom, 
according to the author, originated the first glimmerings 
of the idea of cherishing child life, "because the State would 
have need of their services." The growth of this movement 
through the dark ages on up to the present time is well told. 
England comes in for rebuke because of her most inhuman 
treatment and even murder of children of both sexes in the 
first half of the eighteenth century. "In 1874, in the United 
States," says the author, "the principle of legal protection for 
children slowly evolved out of the neglect and cruelty of the 
older centuries." The story of the founding of the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children with that of the 
little waif, Mary Ellen, through whose misfortune their needs 
became evident, makes one wonder why centuries had to 
pass before such need was felt. Its 400 pages are well worth 
the reading even though we glean naught but horror at its hid- 
den meaning. Are we going backward or forward in the 
present day? Has not the greed of wealth sold our children 
into a greater slavery? 

The Anniversary Meeting. 
By E. A. Henry. 
Pledges of attendance and papers for the meeting July 26 
to 28 next continue to come in. Up to date just 89 have 
been heard from. Some write that they are planning to be 
here but do not want to pledge themselves as some unforeseen 
event might force them to remain away. We are counting 
all such as promises to attend, for all are understood to be so 
conditioned. The complete list to date of those who are plan- 
ning to be present is as follows: Allen, Ames. Arnot (J. K.), 
Blair, Brelos, Burgess, Burns, Cannon, Clark, Collins, . Cor- 


dell, Crowley, Edwards, Ewers, Paris, Flickinger, Frank, Gates, 
Givins, Goodnight, Grim, Henry (E. A.), Hotaling, Hunter, 
Jenkins, Jordan, MacClintock, McDaniel, MacDougall, Mc- 
Queen, Moorman, Morrison (C. C.), Morrison (H. T.), Nich- 
ols, Norton, Park, Parker, Payne, Pearce, Peckham, Plum, 
Rice, Ritchey, Rounds, Serena, Sharpe, Shields, Smith (E. E.), 
Taylor, Willett, Winders, Winn. 

In addition there are nineteen who Iiave written that they 
are unable to make plans so far ahead so will let me hear 
from them later on. Only 18 have definitely stated that they 
would not be here, and we are hoping that some of tliese 
may yet change their minds and come. One man says that 
"providence" rules otherwise. If he had used a capital "P" v/e 
would not have urged him so strongly, but the lower case 
initial leads us to think that he may yet decide that a trip to 
visit all these good breathren would not be improvident. Can 
we not hear from the other hundred of our members at once? 
Hunt up that postal card, brother, if you have not miailed it, 
and send it in at once. 

The following papers have been offered and accepted for the 
Julj'^ program. In several cases the writer offered several titles 
from which the Program Committee has selected the one here 
announced: — 

Ames, The Function of Thought in Religion. 
Parker, Philosophy as an Element in Ministerial Education. 
Arnot, The Rural Sunday School. 
Burgess, Adaptation of the Church School Year to the Public 

School Calendar. 
McDaniel, Cooperation between the Church and Public Schools. 
Brelos, The New Preparedness. 
Clark. A Citizen Soldiery. 

Rice, The Mexican Revolution from the Border. 
Sharpe, The Disciples and Democracy. 
Taylor, The Educational Status of our Ministry. 
Parke, The Church in an Age of Enlightenment. 
Edwards, Through Anti-ism. to a New Day. 
Collins, A Plea for Closer Relationship of the Physician and 

the Minister. 
Burns, The Social Message of the Modern Drama. 
Frank The General Convention. 

Goodnight, Some Features of County Co-operation. 

Norton, Our Educational Conscience. 

Rounds, The Greek Sacramentarian View of Salvation. 

Serena, The Trials of a College President. 

Payne, Essentials. 

Givens, Jesus Teaching Concerning Wealth. 


By Edward A. Henry 

R. W. Gentry sent us a long letter recently, the first in 
some time, in which he tells of the trials and joys of the 
preacher's life in Kansas. Last Christmas his family was at 
Mrs. Gentry's home in Missouri. Mr. Gentry asked an elder 
if he could have a little time ofif, and got the reply, "Merry 
Christmas! Catch your train quick," and the good man helped 
him get away. Mr. Gentry found the church under a $10,000 
debt. By hard work this has been reduced to $4,365, which 
has not yet been covered with pledges. 

A. L. Cole writes that as some members of his family are 
planning to visit Toronto about the time of our annual meet- 
ing, he cannot be in Chicago, but offers us a genuine Alissouri 
reception in Toronto if we can visit there any time. 

Henry Pearce Atkins has been conducting a campaign to 
reduce his church roll by persuading members who have re- 
moved to other localities to take their letters and deposit them 
where they are now located. Fifty-five people have been 
located as active workers in other churches as a result. It 
strikes us that this is a commendable sort of church work 
which might be practiced by others. During his pastorate in 
Birmingham the roll of active resident members has been in- 
creased from 325 to 469. 

Burris Jenkins has been mentioned as a reform candidate 
for Mayor of Kansas City. We hope he lands the place. He 
would make some grafters seek more congenial climes if he 
were elected. 

February 24, was the date of the installation of President 
Joseph A. Serena as President of Williams Woods College. 
A goodly company were present and all join in wishing for 
the institution a bright and over increasingly happy future. 


The latter part of December F. F. Grimm closed a short 
meeting at Lawrenceburg, Kj^, during which forty-eight were 
added to the church. Of this number 33 were recruits from 
the Bible School 

Pastor Goodnight of Uniontown, Pa., reports 81 additions 
to the church during 1915 with $2,284.35 raised for missions 
and $5,311.66 for current expenses. He made 804 calls and 142 
sermons and addresses were delivered. 

Prof. J. C. Archer recently conducted a service at Yale 
by which four young men were ordained to the Disciple min- 

Frank Waller Allen and the Springfield, 111., church 
held their annual meeting recently. During the past year 
some $22,000 was raised for the debt upon the building and 
some $12,000, for all other purposes. Some fifty persons have 
been added to the church membership. 

Prof. Joseph E. Smith of Eureka College has accepted elec- 
tion to membership in the Campbell Institute. The election 
took place last summer, but local conditions made it unwise 
for him to accept until now. He is the Professor of History 
in the Eureka faculty. 

Ira L. Parvin has led the church at Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
in the best year of its history. There were 100 accessories 
to the church; the offerings to missions gained $331.57 over 
the previous year. The church plans definite enlargement. 
A year-book has been issued containing the annual reports 
and showing the individual contributions to the budget and 
the missionary fund. 

The Annual report at East End Church, Pittsburgh, John 
Ray Ewers, pastor, was a good one. Seventy-eight new mem- 
bers were received last year. 25 by baptism. A total of 
$14,860 has been raised and the new church building- is the 
continual topic of discussion. The pastor's salary has been 
raised so he now drives his own car. 

With his check for dues, John Ray Ewers enclosed a church 
calendar which shows his orthodoxy. On February 13th, his 
morning subject was "Confession," while the evening sub- 
ject was, "Baptism." 

Roscoe R. Hill has been out on a lecture tour of two weeks 
and no matter whether the people speak Spanish or English, 
they get a lecture. He has been the principal speaker at two 
teachers' countv associations, 


J. L. Garvin is in the midst of an "Efficiency and Evangelis- 
tic campaign" at Einden Heights, O. He reports that the 
church is suffering from grov/ing pains and promises great 
things for the future. 

Ira L. Parvin reports a very successful year at Niagara 
Falls, the best in the church's historj^ He is not yet sure of 
his summer plans but we hope to see him at the annual meet- 

F. F. Grim finds himself in the midst of some rather unusual 
local problems in the Lawrenceburg, Ky., church, but he is 
hopeful for a happj' solution. In the four months of his pas- 
torate he has held his own meetings and received fifty-five 
new members into the church. 

E. E. Moorman took unto himself a wife in October last 
and has just reported that fact to the Institute. The Campbell 
Institute as a whole and as individuals extend to Mr. and Airs. 
Moorman most hearty congratulations and best wishes for a 
long and happy married life. He is striving to make the 
Englewood (Indianapolis) church an "Every Member Church." 

Leslie W. Morgan has taken out British citizenship papers. 
Ele writes, "If some one had told me two years ago that I 
would take this step in the midst of a great war, I would have 
denied it with energy. In fact, the fear of a great war which 
I could not support was largelj^ responsible for my not apply- 
ing for citizenship before. Now, however, I am so convinced 
that this war is not a war of Great Britain's making or choos- 
ing that I feel it to be both mj^ duty and privilege to fully 
cast in my lot with the country of my adoption. 

Walter Rounds writes, promising to be present at the meet- 
ing with a paper next July, and adds that his work in Taylor- 
ville, 111., is going along nicely. 

C. G. Brelos had a very successful concert in his church at 
West Pullman, 111., earlj^ in February. The church is in- 
creasingly encouragingly. 

A. L. Chapman, Bozeman, Mont., reports 49 additions dur- 
ing the past year, which gives him a net gain in membership 
of 25. His Bible School averaged 161 in attendance for the 
year and enrolls 40 on the Cradle Roll and 42 in the Home 
Department. The total income of the church from all sources 
was $4,-^09.03, of which some $602 went for missions. 


We have before us the "Daily Progress" of January 6, 
the daily paper of Jacksonville, Texas. Page four is given 
over tO' a full-page advertisement of the Christian Church and 
its program for 1916. One peculiarity of this unusually well 
constructed advertisement is that the pastor's name is nowhere 
given, though we all know it is none other than Tom Dean, 
In the center of the page is. a modest cut of the church almost 
covered in the vines and flowers grown by his boys and girls. 
Above and below runs the legend, "We would be as one who 
serves," The Sunday program includes a Victrola Concert 
and a story hour. Every third Sunday afternoon the pastor 
reviews a recent book. The first one used w^as President Wil- 
son's "When a Man Comes to Himself." The church is never 
locked and a special invitation is extended to people wailing 
between trains to rest and read in the church, 

W. H. Trainum writes that he is continuing happily in his 
work in the Normal School at Ada, O, He has a class in 
Old Testament with a membership of a little over thirty. It 
includes Jews, one Moslem, Catholics, Presbyterians, mcth- 
odists, Baptists and Disciples. Professionally the class in- 
cludes lawyers, teachers, preachers and doctors. The Old Tes- 
tament is studied from psychological and sociological points 
of view. He says, "The Bible is a new book. It throbs with 

H. J. Loken. in the interests of re-union in California, has 
discontinued "the Christian Union Advocate," the purpose and. 
spirit of which have been much misrepresented by some. 

Dr. Herbert Martin is supplying Central Church, Des 
Moines, until a successor is found for Finis Idleman. 

C. S. Earley as president of the Iowa State, Ministerial 
Association, is urging all ministers of the state to remember 
the Association meeting at Drake University, February 14-16. 

In nine months of work at Fort Collins. Colo., Lin D. 
Cartwright has received ninety m^embers into the church. His 
Sunday School has reached an attendance of 610. 

Franklin Circle, Cleveland, W. F. Rothenburger, minister, 
dedicated a new Bible School and Community House on Jan- 
uary 9th. This gives the church a splendidly equipped plant 
worth over $100,000. An exangelistic meeting with L. N. D. 
Wells as exangelist began Jantiary 16th. 

Campbell Ingtttute ISulletm 



John Masefield has been touring America and reading his 
verse. He speaks such an English brogue that he is difficult 
to listen to, but his life story has attracted great audiences to 
see and hear him. 

A few years ago, he was cheap help in a saloon in New 
York. While in this city, he formed a connection with an ob- 
scure poet, and in a little while began to write verse on his 
own account. He is in the most advanced school of poets, 
being a realist and employing the vers libre. His apprecia- 
tions of the sailor life are hardly to be excelled by any pro- 
duction of the poets of a maritime nation. His acquaintance 
with the lowly walks of life has helped him to interpret the 
big primitive emotions to be found in factory populations and 
in public houses. His names for things arc not chosen for 
beauty but for force. The dainty reader is sure to throw 
down the poems with disgust. 

"The Everlasting Mercy" tells the story of a rebel against 
authority whose heart is subdued at last and brought into 
obedience to the gospel. It would naturally be the story that 
ministers would turn to. It is in "The Widow of Bye Street," 
hov/ever, that we find the way things really v/ork in the in- 
ferno of factory suburbs. Here the big human forces are de- 
scribed with fidelity and the tragedy is allowed to work itself 
out with no mitigation of any sort. 

John Masefield is just one sign that our modeni world is 
beginning to see things. What the sociologist and philosopher 
has told in homely prose or in erudite diction, the poet and 
novelist must reduce to story and verse, before the message 
shall become truly effective. This seems about to happen. 

The program for the Disciples' Congress appears on another page. 
Our members owe a great debt of loyalty to the Congress and they 
should plan to attend in large numbers. Make reservations at the 
hotel in advance of your coming. 



By H. J. LoKEN 

Few studies have yielded me more genuine pleasure and 
permanent profit during the last four years than an intimate 
and continuous study of Ibsen's drama. Some of this pleas- 
ure is due to the fact that I am conversant with the language 
in which he wrote and with the social and historical back- 
ground that enter so largely into the atmosphere of his drama. 
And yet one of the very obvious characteristics of Ibsen is his 
universalism. He is no provincialist. The scenes of his prose 
tragedies could have been laid in New York or Paris or any 
other city of the great Western world without altering funda- 
mentally the story. His characters are characters that are 
the products of the modern social order and the social prob- 
lems with all the complexities of the modern life enter into 
the very warp and woof of the plays. They are in fact inti- 
mate studies in social and psychological problems that no 
preacher can afrord to miss. 

Ibsen's literary activity is divided into three very distinct 
periods. During the first period he dealt with the early legend- 
ary history of his country as disclosed in the Sagas and Eddas, 
the Viking period. These plays that culminated in the great 
historical drama, The Pretenders, were vv^ritten in a style 
similar to the hero-ballad of the folk-songs of the early lit- 
erary period of Norway. Some of his critics, like George 
Brandes, think Ibsen never again reached such heights of 
political creation as in the last named drama. They are the 
works of a tovv'ering imagination fired with a great purpose. 
Ibsen Vv'as convinced that the outstanding evils of the last 
century v/ere evils that sprang from weakness and mioral covr- 
ardicc. Tliere Vvcre no longer any great sinners for precisely 
the same reason that there were no great saints. Everything 
was mediocre and small, like the diminutive forests of Japan. 
There was not manhood enough left to produce a really great 
and picturesque criminal. Accordingly, he drew with a free 
hand some of the characters of the viking period, characters 
that were massive, great in their vices as well as in their vir- 

The second period in his literary activity is a period of 
transition when he began doubting the validity of the v/hole 


romantic movement in literature and thought. The period is 
marked by a trilogy of Ibsen's greatest works: Love's Comedy, 
Brand, and Peer Gynt. In the original Norwegian, these are 
all pure poetical dramas, than which there is nothing in the 
whole literature of the country more excellent from the stand- 
point of literary expression. It is the high point of Norse 
literature, but to an American there is doubtless a great deal 
that is lost in the translation of these works. His purpose is 
still the same as that of the first period but his method has 
changed. It is in these poetical works that the satirist comes 
to the fore. It is doubtful if Ibsen has ever had his equal in 
the field of satire. Peer Gynt is a Falstaf, a Don Quixote and 
a few other literary characters rolled into one; but as a satire 
on the Norwegian character it excels them all. This intem- 
perate, irresponsible, romantic, lazy, egotistical, lying, combi- 
nation of a braggart and an adventurer is the modern Viking. 
The consummate art of the thing is demonstrated by the fact 
that while Peer Gynt is all that is indicated above, the author 
has still managed to make him winsome. He is fashioned 
on such broad lines that even his immorality has in it a cer- 
tain virtue. He is the incarnation of the "superman." 

But from the standpoint of the minister, Brand is by far 
the most significant drama of this period. Ibsen has drawn 
many ministerial figures, and all of them save Brand, very 
mediocre individuals. In Brand he has drawn the Viking 
in the realm of religion. He is a man of heroic mold in 
every sense of the term, a picture of a minister that is as 
original as it is tragic. He is a prophet like Elijah rather than 
a Christian minister, but he fits marvelously into the stern 
surroundings of his life's work. His parish is a narrow valley 
of Norv/ay surrounded by snow-tipped mountains and eternal 
glaciers. He preaches the Ibsonian Gospel in its purity. Away 
with this new heresy that is far worse than the old Catholic 
heresy. The Catholic worshiped God through the picture of 
the man-child but the new fangled Protestant is worshiping a 
God who wears slippers and cassock, a driveling, baldheaded, 
weak-minded old man. It is to a God of youthful power, and 
to a life of moral heroism and uncompromising self-sacrifice 
the preacher called his flock. 

In the struggle that follows between his unflinching idealism 


and the hostility of his surroundings, one after another of his 
loved ones is sacrificed. His mother was the first to succomb, 
then his only son, and at last his devoted wife. The very 
sublimity of his religion slew them. They were not able to 
reach the high standard of sacrifice — all or nothing — set forth 
by the preacher. The picture of the grieving mother, who 
literally dies of a broken heart, of the heroic minister that 
stands his ground in the midst of his grief victorious — his 
proud defiance of his whole congregation and his own bishop, 
liis death in a snowslide, all these incidents are thrilling and 
pathetic in the extreme. 

The last period of Ibsen's literary productiveness is the 
period of his prose tragedies. To the American reader th.ese 
are doubtless the most satisfactory because they can be trans- 
lated with greater ease. In these Ibsen has turned his back 
altogether on the romanticism of his youth. It was as an 
exponent of stern realism that he first reached America. It 
v/ould take us too far afield in this duscussion, however, to 
discuss his works in this last period. 

Edgar DcVVitt Jones when paying his dues reported that 
the past winter has been the busiest and most profitable year 
he has had at Bloomington. He held his own meeting in 
December with 11 accessions. For the three week period his 
sermons were based on the gospel of Mark, of which he says, 
"It was a pculiarly fascinating though rather difficult kind of 
preaching for evangelistic services." His "Straight-forward 
Sermons" are still running to capacity houses of young people. 

The Eureka church, V. W. Blair, minister, recently enjoyed 
a twe.nty-day meeting led by Rev. and Mrs. Spencer. The 
personal workers are continuing their activity until after Eas- 
ter. Mr. Blair is just beginning a series of "Abounding 
Builder" sermons. 

A. C. Gray is leading a series of ten studies upon Wednes- 
day evenings in the Eureka church. The topic, "The King- 
dom of God — ^^'hat is it? A study in the social teachings of 

In a recent short meeting at Pendelton, Ind., led by Pastor 
Geo. L. Moffet there were 37 accessions, in large part due to 
hearty cooperation upon the part of the church membership. 



By Lee E. Cannon 
It is unnecessary to discuss here the Shakespeare Ter- 
centenary which occurs the twenty-third of this month, but 
it may be well to remember that, on the same date, falls the 
Cervantes Tercentenary. Novels come and go, but "Don 
Quixote" is as contemporary and up-to-date today as it was 
three hundred years ago. The "diversified mad-man" and his 
prosaic squire are eternally true. 

Bliss Perry's "Fishing with a Worm" (Houghton, MifBin, 
1916, .50) will appeal to disciples of Isaak Walton and to 
"fishers of men." It is a delightful essay, abounding in genial 
humor and containing a homely truth. "To make the most 
of dull hours, to make best of dull people, to like a poor jest 
better than none, to wear the threadbare coat like a gentle- 
man, to be outvoted with a smile, to hitch your wagon to the 
old horse, if no' star is handy, this is the wholesome philos- 
ophy of fishing with a worm." The plea is for passionate 
amateurship in all the arts of life. 

"Representative Phi Beta Kappa Orations," edited by Clark 
S. Northup, Houghton, Mifflin. 1915, $3) is a collection of 
brilliant addresses ranging from Emerson's "American Scholar," 
1837, to Paul Shorey's "Unity of the Human Spirit," 1910. 
This latter impresses me as the gem of the book. It is true 
to the spirit of humanism, excellent in composition, and full 
of wisdom. 

These orations cover a wide field of thought, but probably 
the central themes are democracy and scholarship. I men- 
tion especially Perry's "Amateur Spirit," Wendell's "The Mys- 
tery of Education," and Wilson's "The Spirit of Learning." 

Others may choose diflferenth^ — de gustibus, etc. — but all 
should be proud of this monument to American scholarship, 
which bears witness to the idealism of our academic leaders, 
and to the soundness of their learning. 

W. W. Gibson's "Fires" appears in a new edition. (Macm. 
1916, $1.25). Mr. Gibson is one of our younger English poets 
who hears the "sweet, sad voices of humanity." This collec- 
tion of narrative poems is characterized by simple language 
and irregular verse, and it throbs with sympathy for the joys 
and sorrows of the common people, caught in the current of 
modern industrialism. 



By Silas Jones 

A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle of 
St. James. By James Hardy Ropes. New York: Charles 
Scribner's Sons. Pp. 3'i8. 1916. 

This is the latest addition to the International Critical Com- 
mentary. The author is Hollis Professor of Divinity in Har- 
vard University. Ten years ago he published his "Apostolic 
Age," in which he discussed some of the questions he takes 
up in the commentary. 

A, com.mentary is a useful tool if one does not take its 
statements too seriously. It is apt to raise n:ore questions 
than it answers, if it is a good commentary. We have ceased 
to have the reverence for the interpreter that was once ac- 
corded to John Calvin. Nevertheless, a good commentary 
contains valuable information on the language and ideas of 
the books it is intended to explain. The information in this 
book is arranged so that it is easy to find. 

Professor Ropes finds the fittest literary classification for 
the Epistle of James among the Hellenistic diatribes. Its 
themes are those treated by the unconventional, Greek popular 
street preacher. These preachers sought to expose shame of 
every kind and to show that the demands of high ideals and 
demands of the world are incompatible. James, hovrever, was 
more serious than the street preachers and he had in his 
Christian faith something which they could not oilier. 

The Epistle was written probably in the last quarter of the 
first century or the first quarter of the second. It is a re- 
ligious and m.oral tract intended for any Christian into whose 
hand it might fall. "To the twelve tribes" means "to the peo- 
ple of God." It v/as not prepared to meet the needs of ?."v 
particular group of Christians. No specific trait of "Jewish 
Christianity" is to be observed in it. The absence of this trait 
and the writer's command of the Greek language and his 
contact with Greek modes of public teaching and Greek ideas 
are conclusive evidence that James, the Lord's brother, did not 
write the Epistle. An excellent discussion of James, the 
Lord's brother, and other persons named James is appended 
to the introduction. There is also a good history of the Epis- 
tle in the church. 


By ii. C. Armstrong 
"The Elementary Standards" 

Bible School leaders and workers have a right to be jubilant 
over the "Elementary Standards" recently adopted by the 
Sunday School Council. "They are the result of the best 
thought and effort of the Elementary workers throughout 
America. They are presented both as ideals toward which to 
work, and as a basis upon which to determine the value of 
things already being done." 

The Standards tlius far adopted provide for the work in 
the Departments of the Elementary Division. They are set 
forth in terms of the conduct of the child, of the aims of the 
teacher, and of the means of realizing these aims. The pro- 
gram proceeds along the lines of the most enlightened peda- 
gogy of our day. Several features are especially noteworthy. 

First of all, there is ample and intelligent provision for closer 
relation between the school and the home, and for better co- 
operation between teachers and parents. Also, the child is 
put practically and purposely "in the midst." In each depart- 
ment the end aimed at is "what the child maj- become during 
the years he belongs in that department." The best training 
for the child's future years is teaching him how and what to 
think, feel, and act in his present days. Furthermore, there 
is recognition of the great reciprocal principle of impression 
ann expression. Provision is made for the children to learn and 
grow not only by seeing and hearing but also' by saying and 
doing. Again, the program follows the fundamental principle 
of all good pedagogy in presenting itself first to the intellect 
through instruction: then to the feelings through ideals, en- 
vironmental conditions, songs, prayers, and the spiritual touch 
of life upon life; and finally to the will through opportunities 
and motives for service. Lastly the program recognizes and 
puts at its center the real purpose of religious education, 
namely, Christian character — character grounded in Christian 
ideals and issuing in Christian habits and conduct. 

It is worth while to write to Miss Hazel Lewis. 108 Carew 
Building. Cincinnati, for further information. 




By Ellsworth Faris 

I have found a new prophet. Last summer Dr. Ames told 
me that Dr. Robert Park had told him to get a new book 
and read it and as I was just getting on the steamer to be 
the guest of Mr. Park at Harbor Springs, he charged me to 
express his appreciation of the advice. A few days later I 
read the book and since then have eagerly gone through two 
others by the same writer. It was as if a new planet had 
swum into my ken. The writer is Walter Lippman, still under 
thirty, one of the brilliant corps of editors of the New Repub- 
lic and a herald, let us hope, of a ncAV type of writers on 
American life and policy. He combines a knowledge of poli- 
ticians and issues (which is common) with a knowledge of 
the new psychology' and the new philosophy (which is very 
rare). The three books I refer to are called: A Preface to 
Politics; The Stakes of Diplomacy; and Drift and Mastery. 
It is hard to compare them and invidious to say which is the 
best. But probably the second in the list of the most timely. 

This is a time when our whole philosophy is being cast 
anew into the melting pot. Politics and Anti-preparedness 
make strange bed-fellows. The editor of our most radical 
religious journal joins hands with our most orthodox popular 
preacher in an efifort to decide present duties in the light of 
ancient texts. All are confused. Our old formulae seem 
pitifully inadequate. In such a mood, Lippmann's book is like 
the clear shining after rain. He points out that wars break 
out in these days over quarrels concerning the backward 
and undcm.ocratic areas, the Moroccos, Koreas, and Servias, 
and that if we are to secure peace it must be done neither 
by mere force, as the soldiers think, nor by preaching love, 
as the pacifists profess, but by a successful efifort to har- 
monize the interest of the parties who are concerned v/ith the 
disturbed area. 

As Professor Dewey recently wrote, when two teamsters 
run into each other and stand quarreling, it is small help to 
tell them to love one another. It is better to give them the 
rule of the road and have each one turn to the right. 

The limits of a page here will not allow me to attempt 
to summarize either of the three books, to say nothing of all 


them. But no member of the Institute will regret getting 
hold of them. They voice the faith of a young and brilliant 
democrat, a man v.^ho believes in the people, who thinks that 
we can, if we will, be as efficient and as masterful as any 
despotism and at the same time be free. There is no 
voice out of the past to which we can go for guidance 
in these new conditions. But a heroic devotion to the cause 
of America guided by skill, intelligence, and science, ought to 
find a way and the faith of tlie writer that it will, is inspiring 
and contagious. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 
The American Year Book, 1915 (New York, Appleton, 1916; 
xviii, 862 pp.), edited by Francis G. Wickware, is an account 
of the world's progress in every line of human activity. This 
excellent reference work has now reached its sixth issue. 
It is brought out under the direction of a supervisory board 
of forty members representing forty-four national learned and 
scientific societies. The one hundred and twenty-five contribu- 
tors to the present issue are experts in their special fields. 
The Year Book is "intended for the needs of writers and 
searchers of every kind." It aims "to select from the enor- 
mous mass of details those things which are most significant, 
most permanent in value, most likely to answer the searchers' 
questions. It chronicles the history of the year in a concise 
and clear manner. For convenience of treatment the volume 
is divided into thirty-three departments, in v^hich articles on 
the related subjects are grouped. An idea of the book is ob- 
tained from the various subjects treated in the several depart- 
ments. These include politics, international relations, admin- 
istration and law, economic and social problems, trade and 
transportation, science, religion, art, language and education. 
The most significant feature of the year 1915 was the influence 
exerted by the European War upon every field of human en- 
deavor. A very complete index makes all of the material 
readily accessible to the user. The writer hopes he will be 
pardoned for mentioning a volume to which he has- contributed, 
in view of its obvious value to all who desire a survey of the 
historv of the year 1915. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 

This month I wish to call attention to twO' works by A. C. 
Clark, published by the Clarendon Press in 1914. The first 
is entitled Recent Developments in Textual Criticism (pp. 
28), and the other The Primitive Text of the Gospels and 
Acts (pp. VIII — 112). These titles may sound rather tech- 
nical, but a few words of explanation will show that matters 
of general interest lie behind them. Mr. Clark is a classical 
scholar, and the former of these papers was his inaugural 
lecture upon assuming the Corpus Professorship of Latin in 
Oxford University. His specialty is palaeography, and he 
has won fame by a new edition of Cicero. 

The character of his lecture is sufficiently indicated by its 
title, except that it is expressed in non-technical language and 
would not be unrewarding to the intelligent layman. One 
topic here is expanded and applied to a definite field in the 
larger, more technical work; and it is of this that I now wish 
to write. Brevior lectio potior has been a recognized canon 
of palaeography since the days of Griesbach. In other words, 
if one MS contained more words, phrases, or sentences than 
another, these have been rigorously deleted as interpolations 
and expansions, except so far as they were required to com- 
plete the sense. 

In editing Cicero, Clark was led to set up a rival hypo- 
thesis, which invalidates Griesbach's principle in numerous 
instances, it is well known that early works were often in 
narrow columns. The letters were all capitals and there were 
no divisions between words. It is obvious that in copying 
such a text it would be eas}^ to omit one or more lines. This 
would be aided by homoeoteleuton, i. e., the recurrence of the 
same letters in adjacent lines. The Ambrosian palimpset of 
Cicero (IV cent) contains three columns to the page and 
averages eleven or twelve letters to the line. Accordingly, 
if the "interpolations" are multiples of this average, there is at 
least one tangible reason for supporting the longer text 
against the shorter. 

This rule Clark has now applied to the Greek text of the 
Gospels and Acts. I shall confine myself to the former. He 
maintains that an early archetype contained sixteen lines to a 


page and ten or eleven letters in each line. Thus, a column 
would contain from 160 to 167 letters. The longest passages 
under suspicion are an addition to Luke V, 14-166 letters; 
John V, 4-167 letters; an addition to Matt. XX, 28-320 let- 
ters—two columns; John VII, 53-VIir, 11-829 letters— five 
columns; and Mark XVI, 9-20 — 964 letters — six columns. Of 
these the last two are especially important. Scores of other 
interesting omissions involve one or two lines. The tendency 
of Clark's work is to confirm the "licentiously interpolated" 
Western texts against Hort's favored and briefer "Neutral" 


By John Ray Ewers 
"The Duty of Going After the Big Fellows" 

All men are equal, but they are not all equal to the same 
thing, ergo, they are not equal to each other. It is a duty 
of the pastor to catch the leaders. It is very well to hunt up 
and patch up the down-and-outers. Rescue Mission work is 
spectacular. At the seashore we all turn out to see the Life- 
savers. Work among the poor and needy is beautiful. It 
shows a warm heart. Rut may it not be that we have worked 
the Slum to the exclusion of the Avenue? 

Jesus won Nicodemus, Matthew and Zaccheus. Joseph of 
Arimathaea and other men of affairs were his friends. Jesus 
was a gentleman. He dressed liked one and was equally at 
home in the hut or the mansion. There must be some mod- 
ern ministers who feel their mission to the rich and the pow- 

I am pursuaded that it is downright fear that keeps many 
ministers from approaching men of large affairs. The ambas- 
sador of Almighty God should not fear any man. One of my 
friends is the representative of a powerful commercial house, 
He tells me that his company requires him to dress perfectly, 
yet conservatively. His card must be of the finest engraving. 
His language and deportment must be above reproach. He 
must always bear in mind that he represents that house. He 
says that often, before he goes in to meet big bankers, he 
gets the cobwebs out of his mind bj^ reading Emerson. His 
sales run high. 


I know of another salesman who sold $300,000.00 worth of 
stuff last year but who lost his position because an analysis 
of his sales showed no new business. His employer demanded 
new names. Ministers often are not conscious of the pres- 
sure upon them. God is an employer who has gone away 
on a far journey! My thesis today is that the minister must 
not only get new business but that he must land some big 
people. Why not approach the biggest man in your town for 


I got my lesson some years ago, when in another city, a 
great company of ministers and laymen were talking about 
evangelism. The leading Congregational minister rose and 
said: "It seems to me that the field is already gleaned; I see 
no one to ask." "That's just the trouble with you," shouted 
the biggest man in that city. "I attended your church for thir- 
teen years and never once did you talk to me about becoming 
a Christian, although I was hungry for it. Then an evangelist 
came to the Baptist church, who came right after me, and 
I left your dead outfit and joined that church." It was like 
the explosion of a German bomb and the poor milk-and-v/ater 
preacher dropped down in his seat as though he had been hit 
over the head with a ball-bat. Capture some of the leaders for 
God. Carnegie's success was due to the big men that he 
gathered about him. 


By Errett Gates 

Modernism is too recent a phenomenon to have produced 
a well-balanced and entirely satisfactory history; but for those 
v^'ho may be interested in what has already been done in 
the way of general histories of the movement, the following 
review is offered: 

The works by (1) Kiibel, (2) Toeppert, and (3) Hautin are 
the first attem.pts which have been made to give a general 

(1) Geschichte des Catholischen Modernismus, pp. 260 von 
Johannes Kiibel, J. C. B. Mohr, Tubingen, 1909. 

(2) Modernism and the Vatican, pp. 324, by Adam J. Toep- 
pert. Jennings and Graham Cincinnati, 1912. 


historical account of the movement. Because of its new- 
ness much of the material on which the historian must de- 
pend is scattered wideh^ in journalistic and periodical litera- 
ture in the various countries where it has appeared. But the 
chief difificulty lies in its intangibleness, which is due to the 
nature of the movement. 

Modernism is a movement in the realm of ideas and intel- 
lectual principles. It lends itself to historical treatment 
only so far as these ideas have been published. Its history 
is thus a history of what certain individuals have thought; 
but more especially of the oflficial action which the Roman 
curia has taken against these ideas or the men who have 
held them. It has never constituted an organized movement. 

Kiibel was the earliest in the field with a general history of 
modernism. He made extensive use of periodical literature. 
His work is furnished with a valuable bibliography, with a 
brief index, and with numerous footnotes and references to 
sources. The author, however, does not always preserve the 
temper of a scientific historian, yet he is fair, and accurate, 
and sympathetic toward Modernism. The author follows the 
geographical method of organizing his material and divides 
his work into chapters on Alodernism in America, Germany, 
France, Italy, England and other countries, with a closing 
chapter on "The Struggle of Pius V against Modernism." 

Toeppert follows the method of Kiibel in the organization 
of his material, and shows constant dependence upon him. 
The chief value of the work lies in its making available for 
the first time in English a general historical account of the 
Modernist movement. Along with much valuable material 
gathered from many sources, presented with spirited move- 
ment, and intelligent appreciation, and not a little literary 
skill, there are to be noted most serious grammatical, verbal 
and historical errors. On page 114 occurs the phrase, "was 
refused to be instituted"; on page 202, "lest it will be hurled"; 
on page 203, "without subjection to nobody"; and thus through- 
out the book. On page 124 occurs the proper name von 
Fliigel, for von Hiigel. and similarly on pages 130 and 211. 
On pages 125-132 the author shows singular confusion as to 
the "Professor of Anthropology" to whom Father Tyrrell 
wrote his Much Abused Letter. He states on page 125 that 


the Letter was addressed "to an Italian Professor," and on 
page 132 seems to identify the professor with "George Mi- 
vant" (should be St. George). As a matter of fact Mivart 
was an Englishman; and while he taught for a period at the 
Belgian University of Louvain, he nevei: occupied a chair in 
an Italian Universit3^ 

It is quite apparent how the author fell into the confusion. 
The Letter was written confidentially to Mivart; but a frag- 
ment of it was inade public for the first time in an Italian 
newspaper; hence the author inferred Italy as the geograph- 
ical location of the "Professor of Anthropology." 

For the student of Modernism the most serious defect of 
the book is its lack of systematic reference to sources and 
authorities, of a bibliography, and of an index. There is not 
a footnote in the entire book, and long quotations are made 
without any citation of source. The author has succeeded 
most admirably in covering up the sources of his material. 
Yet, with all of its shortcomings, it must be acknowledged 
to be the only general account of Modernism in the English 

[To be continued] 


Hotel Sherman, Chicago, April 25-27, 1916 

Tuesday Evening 

Suggestions towards a Constructive Program for the Disciples 
of Christ." — Professor C. M. Sharpe. 

Discussion — Editor F. D. Kershner, Rev. F. W. Allen. 
Wednesday Morning 

"The Board of Education. What is it? Why is it?" — Pro- 
fessor C. E. Underwood. 

"Church Fellowship and Christian Liberty." — Rev. W. D. 

Discussion — Rev. W. C. Payne.. Rev. J. M. Alexander. 


Wednesday Afternoon 

"The Kingdom of God the Basis of Modern Redemption." — 
Rev. H. E. Stafford. 

"The Permanent Significance of the New Testament Escha- 
tology." — Professor W. C. Morro. 


)iscussion — Rev. O. F. Jordan. Rev. A. L. Ward. 

Wednesday Evening 
.ddress — "The Religious Experience of Jesus as Conceived 
Today." — Professor G. B. Smith, University of Chicago. 

Thursday Morning 
National Preparedness." — Rev. M. L. Pontius. 
)iscussion — Pres. H. O. Pritchard. 

Thursday Afternoon 
address — Speaker to be selected. 
Each session will begin with devotions. 


By Edw.vrd a. Henry 

Dr. Clarence H. Hamilton and Miss Lulu Snyder, both en- 
aged in missionary work at Nanking, China, will be mar- 
ied in May. We extend heartiest congratulations and best 

Jr'res. Pritchard has been selected Alumnus Lecturer at 
''ale .School of Religion next year, an honor upon which it is 

pleasure to extend heartiest congratulations to Mr. Pritch- 
rd. He is also the Rondurant Lecturer this year. 

Dr. H. O. Breeden has been elected President of the Cali- 
ornia State Federation of Churches. 

The East End Church of Pittsburgh, J. R. Ewers, minister, 
egins work upon its $60,000 addition upon May 1. There will 
e a three-story Bible School House and a gymnasium. 

The Central Church of New York gave a large reception 
or Pastor Idleman upon March 9th. An address of welcome 
vas made by Dr. Chas. E. Jefferson of the Broadway Taber- 

The annual report of the Niagara Falls Church, Ira L. 
'arvin, pastor, showed an even one hundred additions and 
5,152.43 raised in all departments of which $1,657.21 v/ent for 
nissions and benevolence. 

Frank L. Jewett reports a total enrollment of 195 in the 
?ible Chair courses at the University of Texas. 

Prof. Joseph E. Smith of Eureka College and Miss Claudia 
^age were united in marriage recently. Miss Page is a 
granddaughter of the late Pres. Zollars. The members of the 
nstitute extend heartiest conerratulations. 


A. B. Philputt and his church are talking- plans for a larger 
building. This is made necessary by the constantly growing 
work of the church. During 1915 no less than 152 new mem- 
bers were received into the church and the Bible School aver- 
aged 702 in attendance. The gross income of the church for 
the year was $15,548.52, of which nearly $4,000 Vv^ent for benevo- 

The February sermons of John Ray Ewers will be put into 
print in March. They deal with the fundamentals of Disciple 
doctrine. He is now riding in the new automobile. 

Cloyd Goodnight of Unionto^^'n, Pa., reports 99 additions 
for the year vnth 13 losses, leaving a total membership of 
1,173. About $6,000 was raised for all purposes, of which 
$1,671.91 v.-ent for benevolences. 

Finis Idleman has placed a high-povv-er electric sign before 
hi"} new church in Nev,^ York City and has re-established eve- 
ning services. The church is taking on ne^v life in many ways 
with his coming. A Boy Scout Troop is one new feature of 
the work. 

Euclid Avenue Church, Cleveland, Ohio, has presented its 
pastor, J. H. GoMner. with an automobile. We wonder if he 
will drive it to Chicago next July and bring the other Cleve- 
land pastors to- our annual meeting. 

Dr. H. O. Breeden recently closed a meeting in his own 
church which resulted in 67 additions. His Bible School aver- 
aged over 500 during the meeting. 

El Paso, Texas, is being led by P. J. Rice in a campaign 
to make the church bigger and better in terms of membership 
and active interest on the part of each and every member. 

Richard W. Wallace has established an office in a bank build- 
ing in Lexington, Mo., from which the church will be admin- 
istered in business fashion and its business be brought close 
to the business men of the town. 

Charles S. Earley is active in exangelistic work. His meet- 
ing at Capitol Hill, Des Moines, closed with 117 additions, and 
he is now engaged at North English, Ta. 

Austin Hunter reports that the Jackson Boulevard church 
in Chicago had 118 additions during 1915 with $7,640.62 
raised for all purposes. His Sunday School averaged 456 for 
the year with 51 in the Chinense Mission. 

Campbell Snstttute JSulletm 


I kneeled there in the muddy fallow 
I knew that Christ was there with Callow 
That Christ was standing there with me, 
That Christ had taught me what to be, 
That i should plow, and as I ploughed 
My Saviour Christ would sing aloud, 
And as I drove the clods apart 
Christ would be plowing in my heart, 
Through rest-harrow and bitter roots, 
Through all my bad life's rotten fruits. 

O Christ who holds the open gate, 
O Christ who drives the furrow straight, 
Christ, the plough, O Christ, the laughter 
Of holy white birds flying after, 
Lo, all my heart's field red and torn, 
And thou wilt bring the young green corn 
The young green corn divinely springing 
The young green corn forever singing; 
And when the field is fresh and fair 
Thy blessed feet shall glitter there. 
And we will walk the weeded field, 
And tell the golden harvest's yield, 
The corn that makes the holy bread 
By which the soul of man is fed, 
The holy bread, the food unpriced, 
Thy everlasting mercy, Christ. 
John Masefield, 

in The Everlasting Mercy. 



A revival of conservative religion seems to be immanent. 
Many causes are contributing to a re-emphasis upon forgot- 
ten modes of thought. In the first place, action is aWays 
followed by reaction. It is hardly appreciated, even by liberal 
men, that the most astonishing evolution in the whole history 
of Christianity has taken place during the past fifty years. 
Never before has a single generation given the religion of 
Jesus Christ such a complete and critical examination, for 
never before has there been the apparatus for it. It is to be 
expected that conservative forces will make some effort at a 
rally after such an attack. 

The world war is another incentive for the developmen of 
conservative tendencies in religion. Men have grown pro- 
foundly suspicious of our modern civilization. That of which Ave 
boasted five years ago is novv^ under indictment. Roman 
Catholicism is experiencing a revival in France under the 
stimulus of distrust of modernism. On all the battle fronts, 
the conservative chaplains secure results among the soldiers. 
For some years after the war, there will be this eflfort to re- 
vive the religious life of a century or a half century ago. This 
eflfort will fail as everyone must which undertakes to turn back 
the hands on the dial of time. 

What shall the progressive minister do in the meantime? 
In some cases he will be tempted to temporize with reaction- 
ary forces and preach slogans that no longer grip his soul. 
This man will be the Tudas Iscariot of modern religion. What 
our age needs now is a prophet Avho shall put a construct- 
ive note into progress. Negation, over-emphasis on intcllect- 
nalism, these and other passing phases of progress must make 
way for a modern religion that men can live by and die by. 
Men cannot live long on the leavings of their father's tables. 
A new feast of good things must be ready for a new genera- 
tion that is to be nourished for its mighty tasks. 

Efficiency in a minister must always have reference to the 
great purpose of his calling. Why is a minister? Some re- 
gard him as a useful agent to raise missionary funds. The 
secularist thinks we may continue to tolerate him because he 
is handy to have arovtnd when there is a funeral! The ofificial 



board thinks his business is to get additions, and they think 
that if he is all right the money will come. Reformers look 
tO' him to thunder anathemas against some particular social 
sin. We hope most ministers think their chief business is to 
help men to be religious. With this aim always in his mind, 
the preacher will preach, call, organize, raise funds or do any- 
thing else that falls to his lot to do. Without this organizing 
conception, a minister's life is apt to be visionless and in- 

It is said that Rev. J. H. Jowett has a place up the Hudson 
where he may live a good part of the week and keep up his 
intellectual and spiritual life. Many city pastors, harassed by 
phone and door-bell, would appreciate a luxury of this sort. 
We all need a retreat at times, when we will read the great 
books without interruption, write without distraction and see 
the job with the perspective of a man at a distance. Taking 
a vacation ought not to be a relapse into secularism for a min- 
ister, but a climb upwards to the loftier experiences of the 

The Boy Scout movement is to commended to modern- 
minded men as a tremendous opportunity to interest and hold 
the boys around the church. It wouldn't hurt some ministers 
to become scoutmasters for a season and learn the wonderful 
fund of knowledge that goes with scouting. The movement is 
not militaristic, though it does operate with some authority 
of a military type. It is essentially wood-craft and nature 
knowledge with strong religious and ethical elements. Par- 
ents never fail to appreciate the work of a Scout company 
when it is properly managed and fathers and mothers have a 
most grateful appreciation of a church that "does something 
for the boys." 

Certainly the day should come when no odium is attached 
to a man who changes denominations, especially among the 
communions of evangelicals where theological differences are 
so slight. However, the man who contemplates such a change 
has many things to think of. He owes some debt to the re- 
ligious body which has given him spiritual life. He has friend- 


ships which will be in a considerable measure lost for lack of 
association. The ills he leaves behind may be much more 
than matched by the unknown ones to which he flies. There are 
exceptional cases in vv'hich such changes have been advan- 
tageous but our advice to any young man who comtemplates 
such a step would be "Go slow." 

There is a growth of musical appreciation among our 
churches. A few ministers have musical education, but most 
.• ignorant of the musical aids to devotion and some are 
proud of it. It would be a real service if we might have 
some articles that would introduce us into this field and show 
us how to become musically aware. Does not the victrola 
afford an opportunity to ministers outside the great cities to 
become acquainted somewhat with the great artists of the 
musical world? Should mot our churches come to know some- 
thing of the composers to whom we are indebted for our great 
musical compositions? 


By Orvis Fairlee Jordan 

Bahaism and Its Claim. By Samuel Graham Wilson. 
New York; Revell. p. 1916. $1..S0 net. 

Bahaism grew out of Babism and may be described as an 
off-shoot of Mohammedanism with doctrines with some kinship 
to gnosticism. The beginnings of the movement showed a 
great emphasis upon the doctrine of incarnation but in later 
years efforts have been made to make it practical and to re- 
late it to the peace movement, the social movement, etc. The 
sect has bought land for the erection of a million dollar tem- 
ple on the edge of Chicago and evidently has serious designs 
on America. 

The book by Mr. Wilson is a reliable source of informa- 
tion with regard to the movement and gives a multitude of 
facts which are not available elsewhere. There is a polemical 
tone in the book which makes its value as a testimony against 
Bahaism. somev/hat less. No single volume on the subject, 
however, can give a better idea of the history and doctrin* of 

the movement. 

Modern Alovements among Mohammedans. By Samuel 
Graham Wilson. New York, Revell. Pp. 305. 1916. Price 
$1.50 net. 

It was once common to hear advocates of Christian Union 
point to the Mohammedan world as an exemple of unity in 
religion. We know now that Mohammedism is torn with sec- 
tarian spirit quite as much as Christianity and that the Persian 
Mohammedans are as dififerent from Turkish Mohammedans 
as Protestants are from Catholics. 

Avoiding technical terms as much as possible, the book un- 
der discussion has given a most readable account of new forces 
at work in the world under the dominion of the prophet. Old 
superstitions are being rejected and the cry, back to the Ko- 
ran is heard. Place is being found for a higher view of wo- 
men and a better relationship with Christians. The in- 
fluence of modern colleges among the Mohammedans is one 
of the most outstanding influences, but the deeper currents of 
Persian interpretation are leading the followers of the prophet 
to a more spiritual view. Missionary activity of a teaching 
sort is arising, especially in the Sudan. Of these matters and 
many others, the book is a reliable and readable account that 
should be in every missionary library, and should be interest- 
ing and significant to the student of comparative religion. 


The chapters of the memorial volume are coming in and 
the committee is already at work reading the manuscripts. 
All the other contributors are urged to finish their work as 
soon as possible so the book can be assembled in its entirety 
and the finishing touches be put on by the editorial committee. 
The publication of the book should occur in connection with 
our anniversary celebration, of which it is the monument, and 
the contributors will realize that there is a great deal of 
work in hammering a group of manuscripts into shape for 
the compositor. The prospect for the book being thoroughly 
worthy contribution of our organization is very good. We 
have reason to expect a volume which will be an object of 
pride for us all. 



By Silas Jones 

Biblical Ideas of Atonement: Their History and Significance. 
By E. D. Burton, J. M. P. Smith, and G. B. Smith. Uni- 
versity of Chicago Press. 1909. 

The subject of this book is one in which many m.en think 
they have no interest. They believe that ideas of atonement 
belong to more primitive ages than ours. Very orthodox 
churchmen receive no inspiration from sermons on this sub- 
ject. But there are all sorts of conditions of men to whom 
doctrines of atonement are meat and drink. Their hopes for 
this world and for the next are intimately associated with 
these doctrines. The religious life of the present as well as 
that of the past cannot be understood by those who ignore the 
sense of sin, of alienation of God, and the means employed 
by men in order that they may be restored to divine favor. 
An open-minded and careful study of beliefs and practices 
that seem to make no appeal to us so far as personal religion 
is concerned is often a cure for narrow-mindness. We may 
discover that it is the form rather than the essential truth of 
the statements that we reject. If our God does not make 
demands which we feel we have not our religion is not 
worth much. 

The authors of "Biblical Ideas of Atonement" proceed up- 
on the common assumption that the history of an idea is its 
best explanation. The consciousness of sin has been present to 
rill races and all ages. Joined with it has been the desire to 
be rrstored to di-"ine favor. Dr. J. M. R. Smith v.-rites on 
the ideas of atonement found in preprophetic Israel, in the 
prophets of Deuteronomy, and in later priestly literature. Dr. 
Burton presents the material from non-canonical Jewish liter- 
ature and the New Testament. Dr. G. B. Smith discusses the 
significance of the Biblical teaching in the light of modern 
thought. \^/'hat we need is a doctrine that has grown out of our 
own experience. All great doctrines of atonement have come 
from the experiences of the ages in which they were formu- 
I'Ued. We need to study ^he Biblical doctrines ir order 'I'at 
v^'e may know Paul and Jesus and the Prophets. The bible 
reveals the supreme source of man's deliverance from sin. 
Religious attainment and moral regeneration are interwoven 

in the Bible. But our theory must fit democratic and indus- 
trial society. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 

Walter Leaf is at the head of one of the largest banks in 
London but finds time for reading, investigating, and publish- 
ing in the field of Greek (!). His edition of the Iliad is a 
standard, and he is the author of several books on Hellenic 
subjects. In a word, he is a twentieth century Grote. Last 
spring he was to have delivered the Harris lectures at North- 
western University, but the burdens falling upon him as a re- 
sult of the war, prevented his coming, though the lectures 
have just appeared under the title of "Homer and History." 

Some time ago he was elected president of the Hellenic 
Society, an English organization, and his inaugural address is 
contained in the last number of the Journal of Hellenic Stud- 
ies, vol. XVVV, pp. 161flf. It abounds in good things but, in 
view of the Sunday School lesson for June 18th, one point 
(pp. 169f) is of particular interest. Sir William Ramsay had 
asked him what were the conditions under which a foreign 
seller of purple at Philippi (and a woman) could have a house 
so extensive as to be able, without notice, to give lodging to 
Paul and three companions. Mr. Leaf hazarded the follow- 
ing hypothesis: the purple manufacturers of the province of 
Lj^dia probably were organized into a guild and in a city so 
prominent as Philippi would maintain a permanent factory 
with one or more persons in charge. Furthermore, at least 
once a year they would hold a fair there. And since many 
members of the guild would wish to attend, what more natur- 
al than that should maintain a private khan, in connection 
with their shop, at which they could receive food and lodging 
for so long a time as their fair lasted? Obviously, then, at 
any time except during the continuance of the market, Lydia 
would have ample accommodations for entertaining the 
Christian missionaries. The intrinsic plausibility of this ser- 
es of guesses need not -be argued; Sir William was at once 
able to substantiate certain details. 




By Roscoe R. Hill I 

It is yet too early to have many historical works of a 
scientific character dealing with the European War, but the 
publication by the several nations of official documents re- 
lating to the outbreak of the struggle has made possible a sur- 
vey of that period. The best volume, which so far has ap- 
peared covering that field, is Ellery C. Stowell, The Diplomacy 
of the War of 1914: The Beginnings of the War (Boston, 
Houghton, Mifflin, 1915; xxi, 728 pp.)- Professor Stowell is 
vvell versed in international law and has made a most careful 
and detailed study of the available sources. He has succeeded 
in giving a complete picture of the diplomatic negotiations 
which led to the Vv^ar and has endeavored to fix the responsi- 
bility for the outbreak. Throughout the vv-ork he makes free 
use of the documents, both in the form of extracts and in 
modified quotations. 

An introductory chapter gives a brief reviev/ of European 
history during the past century, which led up to the war. The 
remaining ten chapters of the text ir.ake an analysis of the 
documents referring to the conflict. In this part the diplo- 
matic relations of all the countries involved in the beginning 
of the war are discussed and every step is clearly set forth. 
Chapter 2 is a careful statement of the Austro-Serb conflict, 
which indicates the harshness of the Austrian note and the 
conciliatory attitude of Servia. In chapters 3 to 8 the inter- 
ests of the various European powers in the Austro-Serbian 
conflict and the Balkan situation, the efforts of lack of eflrorts 
on the part of the powers to prevent the conflagration, and the 
steps which led each to declare war are pointed out. Belgian 
neutrality and the refusal of Italy to enter the struggle on the 
side of the Teutonic powers are treated in chapters 9 and 10. 
The conclusion (chap. 11) gives a discussion of the causes of 
the war and suggestions as to the preservation of peace. Ger- 
many is held responsible for the determining cause of the war, 
her action having been influenced by "the state of mind of the 
nation." Austria's attempt to deal v.ath Servia without refer- 
ence to the other powers and Russia's mobilization are indi- 
cated as the immediate causes. Peace is to be preserved by 


checking^ the exaggerated nationalism, such as is found in Ger- 
many, and by the developing of internationalism, v.diich will 
make for the harmony of nations. A third part comprises a 
large collection of diplomatic and other documents, supplem.en- 
tal to, the ofificial papers of the various governments. 


By Errett Gates 

(3) Historic du Modernisme Catholique, pp. 458, par Albert 
Houtin, Chez 1' auteur, Paris, 1913. 

The work by the Abbe Houtin stands alone as an intimate, 
thoroughly informed, comprehensive and historical account 
of Modernism. The author has written extensively on the 
subject in the numerous volumes on, L' Americanisme, La 
crise du clerge. La question biblique au XIXe Siecle, La 
question biblique au XXe Siecle, L- controverse de L'apos- 
tolicite and other works, which taken together form the most 
complete history of Modernism in France and America, and 
were the sources from which Kiibel drew much of his ma- 
terial. The author has not only been a close spectator of the 
events and persons of which he writes, but himself an inti- 
mate participant in the movement — a leader of Modernists. 

It is his opinion that Pius_ X succeeded in suppressing the 
movement by 1911, as far as any outward manifestations of it 
are concerned. All the leading Modernists have either been 
excommunicated or have made their submission to the Pope. 
If it is alive, it is either hibernating or working under cover. 
It is, however, too early to determine whether the movement 
has completely run its course. 

Houtin believes that its defeat was due to the lack of money 
and of devoted helpers. He says (p. 395) : "If money is the 
sinews of war, it is also of religious controversy in permitting 
its promoters first of all to live, then to visit one another, 
to teach, to maintain journals, to distribute brochures, and 
to organize conferences. No great religious movement in 
formieir times ever succeeded without the aid of force, and in 
more recent times, without the aid of v/ealth. It could not 
be otherwise with a movement which directly attacks the 


papacy; still so powerful both socially and financially 
throughout the world, and having at its disposal a hierarchy 
perfectly organized and janizaries entirely devoted." 

The author has furnished his book with abundant foot- 
notes and references and sources, a selected bibliography, and 
an ample index. The works by Kiibel and Hautin provide 
the student of Modernism with a fairly adequate guide to the 
study of the movement. 


By Fred E. Lumley 

Those who are favorably disposed tOAvards the International 
Theological Library will be interested to know that a "His- 
tory of Christian Missions" has recently appeared in that sc- 
ries. It is a scholarly, and at times, tedious outline, intended 
to serve as a text-book, bj^ Dr. Charles Henry Robinson, 
Canon of Ripen Cathedr?! and Editorial Secretary of the So- 
ciety for the Promotion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. The 
opening chapter deals Viith the various methods of work and 
discusses in particular the three forcn'OSt questions before mis- 
sionary leaders; (1) the diffusion of missionary influence over 
wide areas as opposed to its concentration at strategic points, 
(2) the qualifications of missionary candidates, (3) w^hen is it 
Vv-ise to give native churches over into the hands of native 
leaders? All the following chapters, except the last on the 
"Outlook," are heavily charged with statistics of missionaries, 
converts, finances and societies from almost every country. 
One chapter entitled "Missionary Societies" purports to give 
brief notes on the various societies in America, Great Britain 
and the Continent, but careful examination failed to reveal any 
reference to the existence, let alone the work, of our own 
boards. And the Disciples will be not a little disappointed to 
lc?rn that no mention is n ade of our boards in the whole 
book, one exception being a passing reference to the union 
educational scheme at Nanking, China. From, our standpoint 
this is a very serious omission, although it is evident that one 
book could not hold all the information available from all the 

Another book recently issued which takes up the third ques- 


lion mentioned above is, "Devolution in Mission Administra- 
tion," by Daniel Johnson Fleming, Ph.D. The method is his- 
torical and the study is ba^ed upon the experience of five typi- 
cal boards working in India. Needless to say, this is one of 
the most pressing problems in modern missionary administra- 
tion and its solution will not be easily or early found. 


By tl. C. Armstrong 

The appearance of the third edition of Peter Ainslie's 
"Hand Book of Christian Instruction" calls attention to that 
method of religious education which is at once the oldest and 
most widely used, and probably the most fruitful of all the 
methods employed by the Church, namely, the question and 
answer method or as it is generally called, the catechetical. 
Though somewhat decried of late, this venerable method still 
has its place, and in its place there is nothing better. The 
fault that moderns find with it is not that it is not good but 
simply that it is not adequate. By itself, it is not a complete 
method of religious training. Our la rger conception of 
Christian nurture as the awakening and development of the 
higher instincts of human nature demands a more comprehen- 
sive and more consecutive program. Nevertheless the cate- 
chism is not to be ruled out. It is to made a part of the 
larger program. 

The question and answer method of the catechism has 
some points of value which we ought not to miss. The ques- 
tion, because it requires an answer, helps to crystalize thought 
and draw out into clearness knowledge which is partially pos- 
sessed and imperfectly grasped by the learner's mind. Also 
the questions and answers committed to memory from a man- 
ual of elementary knowledge , lay down in the mind of a 
learner a basis of future instruction. Furthermore the cate- 
chism furnishes the mind with a clear and definite standard of 
truth. This point is of prime importance. In these days 
when wc are so diligently and s'^ justifiably r^il"ting the 
"child in the midst" we need to remember that truth also has 


lights in the case. "Ye shall know the truth, and the truth 
shall make you free." 

The "Hand Book" has all the virtues of the catechism 
and others, peculiarly its own. It deals comprehensively 
with a wide range of things fundamental. Its four chapters 
give m.uch valuable instruction about Jesus Christ, about the 
Church, about the Bible, and about the Christian Life. The 
book is pre-eminently Scriptural in both form and doctrine. 
Its purpose and method is in every case to set the teaching 
of the Scriptures concerning the matter in hand. Almost 
every question is answered by a direct quotation from the 
Bible. The study of the book not only acquaints one with 
much Scripture and stores the memory with many important 
passages, which is always something greatly to be desired, 
but also lays these passages up in the memory as answers to the 
most vital questions of faith and life. The Word is made 
truly a "lamp to one's feet and a light to one's path." Fin- 
ally, and this is most important, the manner in which the 
questions find their ansM^ers in the Word of God tends to cul- 
tivate a respect for the authority of the Scriptures. The Bi- 
ble is made intelligently and genuinely "our only rule of faith 
and practice." 


The Disciples Congress this year was not large but it was 
high grade. Men vvere present from the six states of greatest 
Disciple strength. Ovs'ing to the meetings being held in the 
Sherman Hotel, rather than in a church, the attendance was 
less than formerly. 

The program was carried out with little change, which is a 
compliment to the committee and the speakers.. As the story 
of the discussions has been told by the writer in the pages of 
the Christian Century, Bulletin readers are referred to this 
journal for the larger account. 

The Campbell Institute luncheon was held at the Great 
Northern Hotel on Wednesday noon with President Flickinger 
in the chair. The lunch was nicely served and the fellowship 
fine. Those who made short toasts were Messers Taylor, 
Underwood, Lumley, Winders, Sharpe, Willett, Winn. Tor- 


Ian, Payne, Ward, Frank, Hunter, Allen, and Pritchard. Other 
nembers present who did not speak for lack of time were 
Messrs. Jensen, Wolfe, Crowley, Brelos, McDougall, Martin. 
Visitors were Messrs. Lumley, Preston, Linn, Ryan, Perkins, 
Home and Hackleman. 

The men spoke with enthusiasm of the value of the In- 
titute and its publication, the Bulletin. The meeting was in 
rare contrast with the halting sessions we used to have five 
years ago when there was sure to be speeches urging greater 
caution, or insisting that the Institute disband. Great interest 
was expressed in the annual meeting which is approaching and 
it seems an assured fact that the greatest meeting of Camp- 
bell Institute in history will be that held to celebrate our 
Twentieth Anniversary. 


By Edward A. Henry 

C'laire L. Waite begins his work in Colorado Springs 
May 1. 

J. E. W. Wolfe has been called from Batavia, 111., to the 
Monroe Street Church in Chicago. He began work upon his 
new field April 14. We wish him and the church the largest 
measure of success in this new relationship. 

A. L. Cole writes from Toronto, "Please change my ad- 
derss from 198 Robert St., to S34A Spadina Ave. We are 
moving into larger quarters and will have a spare free bed- 
room for all C. I. traveling men. We prefer that they come 
not more than four at a time." 

The Secretary is writing these notes while away on his 
vacation. During the past month he has received a number of 
additional pledges from those who expect to be present at the 
big July meeting but he neglected to bring the cards along 
with him so cannot give the names. He hopes to receive the 
return cards from every member before long. 

Dr. Ames preached every Wednesday evening during 
Lent There were nine additions Easter morning. The church 
was packed. This is getting to be a common experience at 
Hyde Park. 


Previous to Holy Week, the Evanston Church, O. F. Jor- 
dan, minister, cooperated in meetings held in the Hemenway 
M. E. Church led by B. Fay Mills. Mr. Jordan followed this 
by a series of meetings in his own church during Holy Week. 
Twenty-four have been received into the church and a number 
more are being instructed. 

We are interested in the tracts which frequently come to 
us in letters from the members. We wish we could share 
them with all. One at hand from O. F. Jordan is entitled 
"The Missionaries Among the Immigrants." This is pub- 
lished by the A. C. M. S. and may be secured from them. 
Three from F. E. Lumley are "The Department of Social 
Service and Home Missions in the College of Missions" and 
''Home Mission Expansion and the Social Gospel," both pub- 
lished by the C. W. B. M., and "The Social Obligation of 
Students" published by the College of Missions. H. C. Arm- 
strong has a new tract on the position of the Disciples and 
O. F. Jordan has a new one on "The History and Aleaning of 

The March Eureka College Bulletin came to hand a couple 
of days after we sent our copy for the April Bulletin to press. 
It contained a notice of welcome to Mrs. J. E. Smith and a 
tribute to the popularity of Prof. Smith in Eureka. 

During February J. H. McCartney led his church at Mo- 
desto, Cal., in special meetings'. During the second week of 
the month his sermons were based upon the general topic, 
"A Modern Presentation of the Christian Religion." lie re- 
ports that his work is going along splendidly with everything 
harmonious and pleasant. On Monday evenings he has a large 
Bible class studying Dr. Willet's course "The Religious and 
Social Ideals of Israel" under the auspices of the American 
Institute of Sacred Literature. 

Lee D. McClean, Prof, of Sociology in Bowdoin College, 
is planning to be present at the Summer Meeting and has 
partially promised a paper on the Rural Problem, a subject 
upon which he is giving a course of lectures in Bowdoin this 

"Efficient Demcracy" is the title of an article in a recent 
number of the Unpopular Review contributed by Judge Lobin- 


Chas. Lockhart is serving as pastor of the church at 
Kahoka, Mo., and as Field Representative for Christian I^ni- 
versity. He hopes to be able to locate soon in a chair of 
Old Testament Literature, his chosen field of v/ork. He com- 
mends Pres. Todd's administration at Canton very highly "for 
its vigor and high educational ideals." 

A. W. Taylor will be a lecturer at the Montana Agricultur- 
al College's Country Life Conference. His topic will be "The 
Country Church." 

E. S. Ames is delivering a series of lectures on Mysticism 
to a women's class meeting in the church on Wednesday after- 
noons. The class numbers about fifty and is very enthusi- 

C. M. Sharpe will have a prominent place on the program 
of the Indiane State Convention this year. 

Edgar DeWitt Jones visited Indianapolis recently where 
he served as principal speaker at the Kappa Sigma Middle 
Western Conclave and also supplied the pulpit of Central 

R. W. Gentry was active in a movement which resulted in 
v/iping pool rooms out of Winfield, Kas. He is now working 
to establish som.e adequate recreational centre. He would 
welcome suggestions from any of our men. 

Features of Easter Week at Liberty, Mo., in addition to 
sermons by the pastor, were sermons by a number of visitors 
among whom were Burris Jenkins of Kansas City and Pres. 
Serena of William Woods College. 

In eight weeks preceding Easter Week, A. L. Ward re- 
ceived into the church at Lebanon, Ind., 11 new members and 
he was looking for further increase during the Easter season. 

At a county conference in Evansville, Ind., where the 
Secretary is visiting, he recently met G. I. Hoover. Mr. 
Hoover reports his work as continuing with most satisfactory 
results. In the convention v.e learned that J. P. Myers is 
preaching alternate Sundays at Centre, Rush Co., Ind., and 
Hobbs, Tipton Co., Ind., with excellent results in both places. 

Milo Atkinson is fighting vice in Memphis by showing the 
causes which led to the fall of the various famous cities of the 
past. Antioch, Corinth and Rom^e are among those chosen. 
The sermons have attracted wide interest. 


During a part of April, C. S. Earley held a return revival 
with the church at Oakley, la. A feature of Mr. Earley's 
work is the large number of return meetings which he holds. 
This speaks well for his ability. 

W. Garnett Alcorn will preach the baccalaureate sermon 
for the high school in Monroe City, Mo., this year. 

Finis Idleman has been elected a member of the Adminis- 
trative Body of the Federal Council of Churches and also of 
the Church Peace Union. 

Frank I-. Jewett has a Sunday morning class of over 200 

O. F. Jordan has been engaged to deliver two addresses at 
the state convention of Indiana held at Danville Maj' 15-17. 

Claire L. Waite has accepted the pastorate of the church 
at Colorado Springs, where he will begin work May 1. His 
absence from meetings in the Middle Western states will be 
felt by many. Incidentally this move compels him to 
withdraw his pledge to be present at the Institute meeting 
next July. He asks us to inform the members that if any 
of them happen to pass that way this coming summer they 
are invited to stop at Colorado Springs and be escorted up 
Pike's Peak. 

Raymond A. Smith has been called from the Principalship 
of Beckley Institute to the Presidency of Atlantic Christian 
College, where he will begin in June. Six months ago there 
were three Institute men at Beckley. First, Grim left, and now 
Smith is going. Only W. R. Howell is left. 

Prof. A. D. Veatch is spending some time in Missouri in 
the interests of Drake University. He will return to his 
duties as Professor of Semitic Languages next fall. 

A. L. Chapman closed a home-force meeting .at Bozeman, 
Mont., February 20 with 57 additions, 39 of whom were by 
primary obedience. 

Guy W. Sarvis has been elected to the work of the late 
F. E. Meigs at Nanking, China. 

Early in March C. M. Sharpe went to Monroe City, Mo., 
to conduct a meeting for W. G. Alcorn. We have yet heard 
the report. 

Lewis R. Hotaling closed a 12-day meeting at Ridgefarm 
recently with 29 additions. 

Campbell Sngtitute Bullettn 


Curse me the men v/ho make and sell iron ships, 
Who walk the floor in thought, that they may find 
Each powder prompt, each steel with fearful edge, 
Each deadliest device against mankind. 

Curse me the sleek lords with their 

and spurs, 
May heaven give their land to peasant 
Give them the brand of Cain, for their spades, 

pride's sake 
And felon's stripes for medals and for braids. 

Curse me the fiddling, twiddling diplomats, 
Haggling here, plotting and hatching there^ 
Who make the kind world but their game of cards 
Till millions die at turning of a hair. 

V/hat punishment will heaven devise for these 
Who win by others' sweat and hardihood, 
Who make n:en into stinking vultures' meat. 
Saying to evil still, "Be thou my good?" 

Ah, he who starts a million souls toward death 
Should burn in utmost hell a million years! 
— Mothers of men go on the destined wrack 
To give them life, with anguish and with tears: — 

Are all those childbed sorrows sneered away? 
Yea, fools laugh at the humble christenings, 
And cradle-joys are mocked of the fat lords: 
These mothers' sons made dead men for 
the Kings! 

All in the name of this or that grim flag. 

No angels-flags in all the rag-array 

Banners the demons love, and all hell sings 
A.nd plays will harps. Those flags m.arch forth to 

— ^^n.chel Eindsay, in "A Curse for Kings." 



Educated men shrink from a consideration of the 
salary question. A man who has devoted his life to 
ideal pursuits wants to put the things of the spirit above 
any kind of commercialism and he usually does. This 
fine spirit is not always understood by a public where 
men are accustomed to make strong demands for the 
things they receive. 

Economic conditions made great changes in this country 
in the ten years before the war. Scarcity of agricultural pro- 
ducts made food become more expensive. There is no reason 
to believe that conditions will be better very soon in this 
regard. The rapid spread of the union labor movement and 
the alm.ost complete unionization of the building trades has 
made houses more expensive and rents in consequence have 
gone up. With food and rent continually increasing in price, 
everything else was bound to follow and has followed. Living 
expenses are higher, very much higher, than formerly. The 
war accentuates these tendencies. 

To meet the increased cost of living, men that are union- 
ized strike and get more wages; business men organize and get 
more profits. The professional man, who disdains to organize 
himself for economic gain, finds the conditions of life far hard- 
er in these days of superabundant wealth than he used to in 
times of relative poverty. 

The economic eflfects of an underpaid professional classs 
in the service of the church are manifest in many ways. 
Many a useful man stays home from conventions and con- 
gresses, where he might make a real contribution to the life 
of the church, because of the lack of money. Many men 
have starved library shelves and few fresh books, for the 
baby must have a pair of slpoes now and then. Men with 
ideals for scholarly pursuits are making bricks without straw. 

Later the church will be called upon to support men in 
their old age who have never been more than half efificient, 
and who have never had a chance to save anything for their 
declining years. 

It is bad business for any organization to treat its men 
in this way. A parsonage should not be a sweat-shop of the 
soul. A college professor must be a free man economically 
if he is to be free intellectually. 


What shall be done to help raise the ideas of churches 
I colleges with regard to their responsibilities? Probably 
r men will want to tell their boards the brutal truth of their 
iggles. Some will move and take advantage of a slight 
rease of support in a new and untried situation. 

What needs to be done is to start a campaign of educa- 
1 before present conditions for professional men are stand- 

The carpenters of Chicago have a better average salary 
n the Protestant clergy. Life insurance solicitors are 
ter paid than the university professors in the same city. 
\ board has no more right to hire and keep underpaid labor 
n a corporation. The church or the college, like all other 
ployers of labor, has the duty and responsibility to give 
men living conditions under which the best products of 
ir lives shall be given to the world. 

Many things in our modern life threaten the home. The 
.rtment house and the family hotel take away the sense 
location which the family of older days had. We know 
nan in Ohio who has lived for over ninety years on one 
m. He is a long way removed from the modern experi- 
e in the city. 

The economic struggle is one of the potent causes for 
break up of the home. In the Court of Domestic Rela- 
ys we hear about the man who failed and at last in sheer 
pair he runs away from everything, leaving the woman with 

children. Closely allied with this process is the drink 
>it, v/hether we regard it as a cause or as an effect of the 
nomic siutation. 

Modern invention has separated the father from the son 
industry, and the mother from the daughter. They work 
factories far removed from each other, instead of side by 
e upon the soil. 

Amusements, too, have had their effect upon family 
ndards. The moving picture by its cheapness has led ^h& 
)r to seek amusement more frequently. On this account 
re are fewer evenings together in the home. The auto- 
bile has been a friend to the family because it has kept 

members together and taken them to the open fields and 

open sky for frequent excursions together. 


The church that is intelligent has long since recognized 
that the fate of religion is tied up with the standards within 
the home. Catholics look with suspicion upon converts from 
other kinds of faith. They say a good Catholic must be 
brought up to it, and he must. A good Disciple of the 
thoroughly loyal and dependable sort, is most frequently the 
product of a Disciple home. 

When the members of the family realize that the baby 
will be taking on religious attitudes before he learns to talk, 
that he will breathe in the real (not the formal) religious 
spirit of the home, they will be concerned about everything 
within the domestic circle. And the church must help bring 
the home to its best. 

Tt will bring regret to every Campbell Institute man 
to hear that Peter Chester Macfarlane is so far from being 
well that his literary work m.ay be to an end. His book, 
"Held to Answer," has achieved a place among the six best 
sellers. As 2. first novel it has been most creditable to its 
author. We can only hope that the reports of Mr. Macfar- 
lane's illness are exaggerated, but we cannot now assume so. 

A book to commend for your vacation reading is "The 
Churches of the Federal Council." Over thirty denominations 
which are represented in the Council are described by as many 
HifFerent writers Charles S. Macfarland being editor of the 
entire series. The history and distinctive doctrines of these 
religious bodies presented from their own stand-point is a 
very interestine study. Peter Ainslie writes the chapter on 
the Disciples. _S 

Hvde's "Cospel of Good-Will" is one of the most human 
books of the year. Disregarding questions of criticism, it 
illustrates the Christian spirit from the literature and life of 
our own time. Its use of current poets and dramatists is 
most suggestive for the preacher. The author is known to 
all Campbell Institute men as the brilliant president of 
Bowdoin college. 

"Quiet Talks with the Familv," by Charles Teflferson is 
a fine example of the modern effort to connect religion with 
life. The sermons are bibical but delightfully simple and 


human. Various members of the family come in for good 
counsel about their duties, as for instance the growing girl 
hears about her old-fashioned mother. All mothers seem old- 
fashioned to girls at a certain period. The daughter-in-law- 
is not forgotten, nor even the grandparents. The sermons 
form a volume which a minister could afford to circulate all 
through his parish. 


Plans for the Summer Meeting are going f&rward. Indi- 
ca tiers now make it certain that it will be a record breaker. 
A number of new promises to plan to be here for the meeting 
have come in. The full list of those who are now planning to 
bie here is as follows: F. W. Allen, Ames, E. J. Arnot, J. K. 
Arnot, Blair, Brelos, Burgess, Burns, Cannon, Carr, Clark, Col- 
lins, Cordell, Crowley, Edwards, Ewers, Paris, Plickinger, 
Prark, Gates, Givens, Goodnight, Gray, Grim, E. A. Henry, 
Hoover, Hotaling, Hunter, Jenkins, Jensen, Jordan, McClean, 
MacClintock, McDaniel, McDougall, McQueen, Moorman, C. C. 
Morrison, H. T. Morrison, Nichols, Norton, Park, Parker, 
Payne, Pearce, Peckham, Plum, Rainwater, Rice, Ritchey, 
Rounds, Serena, Sharpe. Shields, J. E. Smith, Stewart, A. W. 
Tnylor, Under-vood, Willett. Winders, Winn, Wolfe and Wood. 
The following returned their cards at once with word that 
thrir plans were unformed but that they would be here if pos- 
sible to arrange it later, but not to list them as pledged: H. C. 
Armstrong, Atkins, Baker, Coleman, Dabney, J. H. Garrison, 
Gibbs, Goldner, Holmes, J. L. Lobingier ,Levi Marshall, Stubbs, 
Todd, Vernier. W^e are hoping to receive later news from these 
soon, and that all may certainly be here. A number of steady 
attendants like Herbert Martin have not yet been heard from 
at all. But we think the list of men already planning to be 
here is sufficient to v^^arrant the presence of every member 
here to meet them. Make your plans soon. 

E. E. Moorman and the Englewood Church in Indian- 
apolis are rejoicing over twenty accessions to the church as a 
result of the Easter time harvest. 

1 '-*>S 

By Roy C. Flickingsr 

"The Stoic Philosophy." By Gilbert Murray. (New York 
and London, Putnam's Sons, Pp. 74, 1915.) Sixth annual lec- 
ture in memory of Moncure D. Conway. 

Mr. Murray is Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford Uni- 
versity and has an extraordinary power of revivifying Greek 
thought and experience and of making it human and real to 
us. He is possessed of a fascinating style and despite certain 
faults is a figure of commanding importance in present day 
scholarship. He has published numerous translations, a book 
on the Rise of the Greek Epic, works on literary history, and 
papers endeavoring to explain ancient ideas and customs in 
the light of anthropological practices among primitive peoples 


The subject of the present lecture is a new field for him 
to enter, and he approaches it rather as a psychologist than as 
as philosopher or historian. He points out that, like Chris- 
tianity, Stoicism was equally adapted to those who defy the 
world when it is adverse or to those who accept it and enjoy 
its prosperity. To the Stoics goodness was the supreme good, 
and "goodness" consisted in "performing your function well," 
while "well" in this definition means "occording to the spirit 
(Phusis, cf. Bergson's Elan Vital) which makes the world 
grow and progress." Murray shows clearly hov/ these con- 
ceptions made the Stoics seem unsympathetic, and this weak- 
ness of theirs is not without its lesson for us. Let me close 
Avith a short quotation: "Many- religions, after basing their 
whole theory of conduct on stern duty and self-sacrifice and 
contempt for pleasure, lapse into confessing the unreality of 
their professions by promising the faithful as a reward that 
they shall be uncommonly happy in the next world. It was not 
that they really disdained pleasure; it was only that they spec- 
ulated for a higher rate of interest at a later date. Notably, 
Islam is open to that criticism, and so is a great deal of popu- 
lar Christianity. Stoicism is not" (p. 55). Murray does not 
say much that is new; that is hardly to be expected in an 
address intended for a general public. But whatever he says 
always has a charming freshness and crispness about it. The 
ancient philosophers often seem cold and inhuman to us. 


Professor Murray reveals them as real men, with real and ever- 
present problems, and meeting them in a rational manner. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 
The book of the month is one of the many new volumes 
dcnling with the problem of internationalism and world peace. 
"Social Progress and the Darwinian Theory: A Study of 
Force as a Factor in Human Relations" (New York, Putnam. 
1916; xxviii, 417), by George Nasmyth, with an introduction by 
Norman Angell, is an interesting and thought provoking vol- 
ume. The author in the f^rst part, entitled "The Philosophy 
of Force," makes an analysis of this philosophy— militarism— 
which has claimed to i^nd a scientific basis in the Darwinian 
theory of the "struggle for existence" and the "survival of 
the fittest." He points out the biological and sociological 
errors of this so-called "social Darwinianism" and shows that 
better political institutions and not collective homicide — war — 
arc the causes of real social progress. To overcome the belief 
in and the acceptance of this philosophy by the people of all 
nations, an intellectual revolution is necessary. The second 
part treats of "Mutual Aid as a Factor of Social Progresb." 
Here the author presents the result? of the writings of the 
two great Russian thinkers, Kovikov and Kropotkin, who have 
been leaders in making a re-study of Darwin's work and have 
been foremost in pointing out the errors of interpretation of 
the theories of that ?reat scientist. He states that "Mutual 
air! is the chief factor of social progress, and indeed of all 
human evolution, since man's dominant position in the world 
depends almost entirely upon the fact that he is a member of 
society." The interdependence of the members of society and 
not destruction is the highest aim of the individual. In the 
concluding part, entitled "Justice as a Prime Social Need," 
the identity of self-interest and the interest of society is set 
forth. The volume will prove stimulating reading to all 
interested in the thought provoked by the European war, 
which has served to shovv^ so clearly the folly, economic loss 
and wasting of the best of the human race that is involved in 
the use of force. 



By John Ray Ewers 
The Duty of Warmth 

At Atlantic City I saw a post-card which read, "A busi- 
ness man is a man who can make more money than his wife 
can spend." By the same token a minister is a human being 
who can manufacture more optimism than his whole congre- 
gation can exhaust. It is a pastoral duty to be warm- 
hearted. Said Conan Doyle, "Have the heart of a lion and a 
soul of fire." It is the man with the chicken heart and the 
icy soul that provokes my ire. 

Make a study of the men you meet in the next few days, 
noting particularly how much they depend upon something 
to support them. They feel that they do not need to make 
any energetic, purposeful, determined contribution to the con- 
versation or to the meeting because of what they represent. 
These m.en depend upon their reputation, their wealth, their 
social prestige, their business position, their family or perhaps 
even their good clothes and looks to carry them by. Confound 
their blase assumptions! 

Other men allow their wives, their friends, their business 
organization, their congregations, the supporting group of 
which they are a part, to help them over. What I contend 
for now is that each particular man, on each particular occa- 
sion, must manufacture the enthusiasm, must produce the 
ideas, must furnish the optimism, must radiate the spirit of 
good-will and good-cheer. Warm up! 

The average man or woman just naturally runs down like 
a clock. Enthusiasm runs out like the sands in the hour glass. 
He sinks down to a cold, grey level and exists there. The 
minister must be a great soul. He must wind this chap's clock; 
he must put sand into him; he must warm up this average 
man. The minister must be a reservoir of love; a furnace of 
warmth; a factory of good-will; a distributing center of enthu- 
siasm. We hate cold, professional parsons. We want human- 
divine radiators. 

How can the minister be all of this? You know full well. 
We have been discussing the "how" for two years. 



By Silas Jones 

"Christianity Old and New," by Benjamin W. Bacon (Yale 
University Press. 1914). In four chapters the author dis- 
cusses the evolution of religion and historic types of Chris- 
tianity, nineteenth century liberalism, twentieth century monis- 
tic idealism, and the old and the new in the characterization of 
Jesus. His primary proposition is that the "tendency of human 
progress is not to discard religion, but to deepen and refine it." 
Christianit is a vital organism, not an unalterable inorganic 
Christianity is a vital organism, not an unalterable inorganic 
mass. It is proving its vitality by changes answering to the 
new views of the universe. Man will be religious as long as he 
is conscious of a personality at cross purposes with the uni- 
verse. If he can do away with inconvenient hopes and fears 
and ideals, he can manage to live without religion of any sort. 

There are two types of religion, the socialistic and the 
individualistic, the ethical and the mystic. The religion of the 
future must combine the two types. Both have appeared in 
Christianity. Liberalism, according to President Eliot, ^s 
largely ethical. It emphasizes the ethical in the teaching and 
practice of Jesus. It has no sympathy with the gospel about 
Jesus. Criticism is doing a good service when it discloses the 
historic Jesus and enables the man of today to dispense with 
the apostolic interpretation of him and his mission. We ought 
to be grateful to liberalism for what it has given us. But we 
cannot accept it as the religion of the future because it leaves 
out too much that has belonged to Christianity and must be 
a part of the religion of the future. Twentieth century idealism 
goes to the opposite extreme and proposes to discard the his- 
tory and retain the mythology of religion. It is significant as a 
symptom rather than for what it is in itself. It means that 
we are in the midst of a reaction from the ethical toward the 
mystical in religion. We are feeling again some of the per- 
sonal needs that gave birth to our religion. The welfare of 
the individual has again become prominent in our thought. 

The road experience of the past teaches us to avoid the 
extremes of liberalism and idealism. The abiding religion is 
a gospl of Jesus and a gospel about Jesus. We must still say, 
if we are to be Christian, "Jesus is the Christ," and put equal 
emphasis on both terms. 



By iJ. C. Armstrong 
Daily Bible Reading Circle 

How can we get our people to read the Bible? Certainly 
there is nothing more essential in religious education. Yet 
how little people really read the Bible; either for themselves or 
for their families. A very simple plan, which has worked well 
in our congregation, is a Daily Bible Reading Circle. It 
started last fall as a part of a program preparatory to an evan- 
gelistic meeting and has proven so helpful that it has become a 
permanent fixture. The scheme may be worth passing on. 
Here it is. 

Every Sunday the minister announces the portion of Scrip- 
ture to be read that week, a chapter for each day. Thus the 
ideal and the program are kept before all the church all the 
time, and all the people read the same chapter at the same 
time. We may not be able to explain why it is true, but true 
it is nevertheless, that there is something about a simultaneous 
program that gets people to do things which otherwise they 
would not do. 

Every Wednesday evening at prayer meeting a short intro- 
duction or exposition of the reading of the week is given. 
Also the people are invited to bring up any question they 
Avould like to ask about any verse or matter in the reading. 
This does two important things. It helps the people to under- 
stand the Scriptures better than they would otherv/ise, and it 
helps to make good prayer meetings. 

In connection with the reading there is announced each 
week a special topic for prayer and intercession, the whole 
church being requested to pray each day of the week for some 
particular phase of the work of the local church or of the 
kingdom at large. This also does two important things. It 
puts the needs of the church definitely and intelligently into 
the prayer life of the people; and it makes it easy for the 
family altar to be maintained. Each "a consummation de- 
voutly to be wished." 

The results of the program have been highly gratifying. 
One of the elders of the congregation testifies that in his 
judgment it is one of the best things the congregation has ever 
done. In his home the daily reading is a family afifair. Each 


member of the family brings a Bible to the breakfast table and 
participates in the reading. Then all join in prayer. Family 
worship begins the day. 

A simple, workable plan. Try it. 


By Lee E. Cannon 

Edgar Lee Masters' "Songs and Satires" (Macm. 1916, 
$1.25), is more conventional in form and content than his 
"Spoon River." There is revealed the same tendency toward 
pessimism, the same sense of fact, but less originality of con- 
cept. The author proves his ability to handle the older meters, 
but he is evidently less inspired. The poems lack emotional 
appeal, a rather serious defect. "Silence" and "The Loop," as 
well as the attempts to reinterpret theology in modern terms, 
interested me especially. 

W. W. Gibson's "Battle and Other Poems" (Macm. 1916, 
$1.25), shows the same sympathy for humble humanity that is 
evinced in his earlier works. The selections in the first group 
are a study in the psychology of the soldier, and are, so far as 
I have been able to ascertain, true to human experience. In 
form several of these poems savor of Mother Goose. The 
rest of the book contains a variety of poems of more or less 

John L. Lomax's "Cowboy Songs" (Sturgis & Walton, 
1916, $1.50) is a collection of American ballads, valuable both 
as a study in literary growth, and as a vivid expression of 
cowboy life, with its background of cattle-guarding, branding, 
long rides, and exciting experiences. These songs are spon- 
taneous, some of them of group origin, but all full of vigorous 
life, crude and unpolished. They cast an interesting light on 
pioneer days, and on that romantic figure, the American cow- 
boy, and will appeal to all who occasionally hear the "call of 
the wild." 

Agnes Replier's "Counter Currents (Houghton Mifflin, 
1916, $1.25) valiantly attempts to carry a current of common 
sense and discipline against the American stream of senti- 
mentality and emotionalism. Some might accuse Miss Rep- 
plier of "misoneism": others think that the keen analysis and 


sparkling wit of her attacks on many popular tendencies of 
the day are a valuable tonic. Although the essays bear traces 
of feminine perversity, their wealth of apt quotations and their 
firm foundation in the best traditions make them stimulating 
reading in an age of the "new morality." 

Professor Francke's "The German Spirit" (Holt, 1916, 
$1.00) deserves the attention of all "neutrals." It is a remark- 
ably sane and luminous discussion. In "German Literature and 
the American Temper" the author considers certain traits such 
as slowness, regard for authority, distrust of the average intel- 
lect, etc., which are almost incomprehensible to Americans. In 
the "True Germany," although he detects and dislikes a certain 
drift in modern Germany toward materialism. Professor 
Francke ably maintains the thesis that the true German spirit 
is to be found in Kant's exaltation of duty, Gothe's exaltation 
of restless striving for completeness of existence, and Schil- 
ler's idea of esthetic culture as a reconciling mean in the con- 
flict between the senses and the spirit. The last essay discusses 
Germany's contribution to civilization. 

A booklet which I picked up several years ago, may interest 
some. It is "Hymns of the Middle Ages" (Century Co., 1909, 
$ .60) and contains translations of such hymns as "Dies Irae", 
"Stabat Mater", "Hora Novissima", "Vem Creator Spiritus", 
etc. To have so many of these great, old poems in one handy 
collection, is very convenient. 

The time has come vthen each member should think over 
his friends and decide who among them should be proposed 
for membership in the Institute. Careful selection is the only 
sure way to add strength to our membership. Decide who is 
worthy of membership, consult the person and get his permis- 
sion to propose his name. Be sure to get a full record of his 
academic work and his professional activity. Recommendation 
blanks are enclosed in this number of the Bulletin. Others 
may be secured upon request to the secretary. The blanks, 
properly filled out, should be mailed to the secretary at the 
earliest possible moment in order that the names may be 


"Constantine the Great and Christianity," by Christopher 
Bush Coleman, Ph. D. The Columbia University Press, New 
York, Pp. 258. 

Dr. Coleman has made a noteworthy contribution to the 
tudy of one of the most interesting problems of church his- 
tory. He divides his treatment into three parts, the Histori- 
cal, the Legendary and the Spurious. 

Dr. Coleman completely refutes the position of a few 
who have held that Constantine was never a member of the 
church. It is shown that the Christian associations of Con- 
stantine left a deep impress upon the laws. Buildings, coins, 
inscriptions and writings of various kinds establish the fact 
of a definite connection of Constantine with the new religion. 
Probably the most important act of Constantine was to give 
to the bishops judicial authority making their courts inde- 
pendent of the secular courts. This act was to have great 
significance for succeeding ages. 

The growth of legends around Constantine of both pagan 
and Christian origin is a very interesting process. There are 
stories of visions, of divine aid in various enterprises, of a 
healing; from leprosy and other stories. Dr. Coleman has 
treated these legends neither from the point of view of a man 
who has no patience with them, nor with the credulity of 
one who would believe them. He regards legends as having 
significance for history and his own use of them aflFords an 
interesting example of the possibilities in this direction. 

The significance of the celebrated Donation of Constan- 
tine is shown. This is called the most famous forgery in the 
history of the v/orld, and it is asserted that the story of the 
forgery was in considerable measure a story of the middle 
ages. Upon this forged document rested the pretensions of 
the medieval popes. 

Dr. Coleman has wrought out a careful and scientific 
presentation of a thesis. The sources are indicated in abun- 
dant foot-notes. He has evidently mastered his subject. The 
book will repay reading by all those interested in history 
and in theology. 

We are all glad to have Charles Clayton Morrison with us 
again after his long and most inspiring South American trip. 


By Edward A. Henry 

Dr. Ames is teaching at Lake Forest University during 
the final weeks of their school year, filling the place of Prof. 
H. W. Wright, who is seriously ill. 

Vaughan Dabney, his wife and daughter, spent a couple of 
weeks with his parents in Chicago recently and are now with 
her parents near Boston. Mr. Dabney has resigned the work 
at Oakland, Cal., but has not yet decided concerning his future. 

After Cleveland, O., had voted against calling Billy Sun- 
day to conduct meetings there the pastors decided to make 
good among themselves. As the result of a campaign with 
local forces which culminated about Easter time over 10,000 
Vv^ere added to the churches. Of this number J. H. Goldner 
received some 125 into the Euclid Avenue church and W. F. 
Rothenburger received a like number into the Franklin Circle 

Th Hyde Park church in Chicago has just closed a Social 
Service Week which was featured by booths in the church por- 
traying various social service activities with which some mem- 
ber of the church happened to be connected — some twenty-five 
difrerent agencies being represented. A problem play, which 
was presented twice, a series of lectures each afternoon and 
evening and other marks of social interest. Dr. Ames per- 
sisted in calling it a religious revival in that it sought to por- 
tray the relation of all these things to religion and the religious 
nature of social work. 

Harry Foster Burns is preaching to his people Sunday 
mornings on "Christianity and Civilization's Crisis." Beginning 
May 14 his topics are: "The Roots of War," "The Glory of 
War — a Fading Glory." "The Challenge to the Church" and 
"New Wars for Old." On the attractive announcement of the 
series he reprints in black-faced type the recent words of Albion 
W. Small, "For Americans at the present moment, the first 
great commandment with promiise is: After you have thought 
as much as you can about the problems of war, keep on think- 
ing until you arrive at something to do." 

Prof. T. E. Smith of Eureka College is planning to spend 
the first term of the Summer Quarter at the University of Chi- 
cago, so of course, he will be at the Institute meeting. 


Joseph L. Garvin is witli the Redpath Lyceum Bureau for 
he He began work at Jacksonville, Fla., the latter 
)art of April. 

The Franklin Circle church, Cleveland, O., recently held 
ts seventy-fourth meeting. The reports showed a total mem- 
)ership of 901 with $5,882 given for missions and benevolences, 
8,612 for current expenses and $21,112 paid upon building fund, 
I grand total of $35,606 raised by this splendid old church 
luring the year. 

The Kokomo, Ind., church, under the leadership of David 
H. Shields, is joining in a federated work for the foreign 
population of the city. There are some 800 Italians and Rou- 
nanians. A house has been rented for a social center and 
English classes are under way. 

Claire L. VVaite has settled in his work at Colorado 
Springs. He reports that George B. VanArsdall cared for 
the work during the interim between pastors and put the work 
n splendid shape for the new pastor. The roll was revised, 
the hnancial system reviewed, a budget system installed, the 
every-member-canvass carried out and an evangelistic meeting 
conducted which resulted in forty-one additions to the church 
during the Easter season. Mr. Waite reached his new work 
on May 5 and was welcomed with a large reception planned 
3y the church under Mr. VanArsdall's leadership. 

An event of unusual importance was the celebration, upon 
May 4th, of the completion of the nineteenth year of the pas- 
torate of A. B. Philputt over the Central Church at Indianapo- 
lis. As a testimonial of its appreciation of his work, the 
church voted a substantial increase of salary for the coming 

Prof. W. R. Howell, for three years a member of the fac- 
ulty of Beckley Institute, has been elected principal to fill the 
vacancy left by the call of Raymond A. Smith to the presi- 
dency of Atlantic Christian College. We congratulate Prof. 
Howell upon this honor and opportunity. 

For the coming year G. D. Edwards is secretary of the 
Disciples' Board of Education and C. E. Underwood, treasurer. 
The president is R. H. Crossfield. 

Rodney McQuary, now of Yale, will supply the South 
Broadway Church, Denver, Colo., for the summer. 


Burris A. Jenkins recently gave an address in St. Joseph, 
Mo., on the topic, "Patriotism and Preparedness." We ar€ 
depending upon Dr. Jenkins' presence in Chicago at the annual 
meeting to join with C. G. Brelos and O. B. Clark in discuss- 
ing this topic. 

The Campbell Institute extends heartiest congratulations 
to Mr. and Mrs. Baxter upon the birth of a son April 26th. He 
was the first child born in the great new Christian Hospital 
recently dedicated in Kansas City. Of course, he will be a 

Cioyd Goodnight is continuing his county work with a 
survey of Masontown which has already located 32 unattached 
Disciples and is not yet complete. He plans a church for them. 
We shall all be interested in hearing his paper at the meeting 
this summer on his system of county organization. 

As a result of his Easter Decision meetings, A. L. Ward 
received ninety-three into the church at Lebanon, Ind. The 
church pledged $2,500 toward the Men and Million fund recently. 

Pres. Pritchard of Eureka spent most of May with the 
Men and Million team in Virginia. He returned the 24th for 
the Commencement season activities. He himself will preach 
the Baccalaureate Sermon. 

C. C. Morrison is being called to most of the Disciple 
churches in Chicago to deliver an address on his South Amer- 
ican trip. He has a vivid and human description of the "for 
gotten continent." 

East End church, Pittsburgh, of which John Ray Ewers 
is pastor, has decided to postpone their building enterprise, 
for another year on account of the excessive cost of build- 
ing materials, the shortage of workmen and because the con- 
gregation is planning now for a larger and better building 
than was originally proposed. Mr. Ewers wishes suggestions 
for providing the equipment for religious education in the 
new building. 

PI. C. Armstrong was called to Nebraska by the illness 
of his father recently but while he was home the father began 
to mend. The Men and Millions team had a successful day 
in Baltimore while Mr. Armstrong was gone. 

O. F. Jordan is booked to make the grade school com- 
mencernent address in Evanston June 15. The Odd Fellows 
will hold a Memorial service in his church June 18. 

tampbell institute Bulletin 

/■QLUME 12 

JULY, 1916 


"Red helpless little things will come to birth, 

And hear the whistles going down the line, 

And grow up strong and go about the earth, 

And have much happier times than yours and mine, 

And some day one of them will get a sign, 

And talk to men, and put an end to sin. 

And then God's blessed kingdom will begin. 

"God dropped a spark down into everyone, 

And if we find it and fan it to a blaze 

It'll spring up and glow, like — like the sun, 

And light the wandering out of stony ways. 

God warms his hands at man's heart when he prays. 

And light of prayer is spreading from heart to heart; 

It'll light all where now it lights a part. 

"And God who gave his mercies takes his mercies. 
And God who gives beginning, gives the end 
I dread my death; but it's the end of curses, 
A rest for broken things too broke to mend. 
Captain Christ, our blessed Lord and Friend,' 
We are two wandered sinners in the mire. 
Burn our dead hearts with love out of thy fire. 

"And when thy death comes, Master, let us bear it 

As of thy will, however hard to go; 

Thy cross is infinite for us to share it, 

Thy help is infinite for us to know; 

And when the long trumpets of the Judgement blow 

May our poor souls be glad and meet agen, 

And rest in Thee. Say 'Amen,' Jim." "Amen." 

John Masefield in The Widow of Bye Street. 



The Campbell Institute fellowship rests upon no artificial 
basis. The men of this organization are in a majority of cases 
graduates of a few of the great high grade universities of the 
countrJ^ In many instances they were actual classmates in 
these institutions. They have often worked together at the 
big tasks of the Disciples of Christ. While there is no doctrinal 
standard for membership in the Campbell Institute, they have 
much the same habits of thought and about a large number oi 
things, practical unanimity of opinion. It has taken twenty 
years to create this fellov\'ship, and only time could have brought 
it to its present perfection. Our twentieth meeting stirs the 
hearts of our members as no other one ever did. 

Twenty years ago, the Disciples of Christ had scarcely 
heard of many of the modes of modern thought. They were 
rapidly settling down into a narrow doctrinal system with the 
Covenenant theology and an exaggerated baptismal conscious- 
ness as its basis. They were headed into a blind alley to fol- 
low the history of such organizations as the Adventists or the 
Plymouth Brethren. The going of young men to Yale and 
Harvard brought a fresh current of thought to the movement. 
Instead of a vicious inbreeding of ideas there came tremendous* 
ly vigorous life from, a cross-breeding of the intellectual life. 
The Campbell Institute has encourged these educated young 
men who joined the Institute to keep up their intellectual life, 
and to give their ideas to the brotherhood. But for the In- 
stitute, some men might have been tempted to hide their light 
under a bushel. 

Before us lies the next twenty years of our history, which 
vv'ill be lived in the most wonderful world that man has ever 
seen. After the war, the crust of custom will be broken and 
all the new life that has been incubating under the shell will 
break out of its prison to spread its wings in the glorious light 
of day. It v/ill be a world in which social recognition will go 
on rapidly. Fundamental ideas will change in many ways. 
Never were educated men more needed. In the next twenty 
years we may be conscious not only of a mission to the Disci- 
ples but to the world. 


The summer is the best time to read for many busy men. 
Pastors who are swamped with detail all year welcome an op- 
portunity to get away and sandwich a good book in between 
golf and fishing. For such purpose the various handy volume 
editions of good books are unexcelled. The great books of 
established reputation are now published in the Everyman's 
Library at thirty-five cents, and from the seven hundred vol- 
umes in print, a fine selection may be made. The Home Uni- 
versity Library presents up-to-the-minute matter in brief com- 
pass and many of the volumes on the series are already author- 

The Campbell Institute has within it many kinds of temper- 
ament. We are supposed to be a company of fire-eaters who 
would delight to overturn all the traditions of the fathers. We 
have been sufficiently exhorted about the danger of such ex- 
treme attitudes. There is a more insidious danger, however, 
which probably affects our men. In undertaking to be "prac- 
tical" we may so completely bury our convictions that we shall 
have no testimony for the world. The success of life for a 
teacher or minister is more than drawing a good salary, as we 
would all admit. Real success is to contribute to the world's 
knowledge and to the upbuilding of the world's life. To con- 
tinually conform to the stout convictions of non-progressives 
in our fellowship is to fail dismally and to betray the truth. 
We shall hear again this year at our annual meeting the same 
pleas for moderation that we have heard for twenty years. May 
we also hear some man brave enough to insist that the educated 
men of the Disciples of Christ should have some convictions 
that are dear enogh to be worth fighting for and sacrificing 
for. It is only thus that we shall have the thorough respect of 
our brethren who may differ radically from the opinions we 


Notice is hereby given that at the annual meeting this 
month there will be proposed an amendment to the constitution 
which will provide for the payment of dues by associate mem- 
bers at least when they are not actually in school. 



Charles M. Sharpe ^| 

The members of the Institute will have noticed that the 
department of Theology has been strangely quiescent for sev- 
eral months. I have no doubt that your gratitude has been 
fully proportioned to your wonder, acquainted as you are with 
the garrulity of the head of this department; and I am a bit 
sorry to dispel your wonder now at the expense of your thank- 

I did not fully understand my lack of disposition, material, 
or ability for the discharge of my duty in connection with this 
department of the Bulletin until recently. My good friend, 
Dr. George H. Combs, explained it in his recent sermon at 
the Missouri State Convention. He said that on account of 
the European war and the pro-occupation of the German schol- 
ars with other matters, the American theologians are cut off 
from their source of supplies. Since they have been altogether 
dependent, for ideas, upon German Rationalism, our American 
advanced thinkers are stranded, and we may now promise our- 
selves a season of rest and renev/al of Christian faith. My 
friend Dr. Combs appeared to be greatly delighted and encour- 
aged over this situation which has developed for the cause of 
true religion in our beloved country, even though it comes about 
by reason of a great world tragedy. "It is an ill wind that 
wafts benedictions to nobody." But, I have seen no theological 
books recently that I cared to review for the Institute in the 
Bulletin. That is my good fortune and yours. So v/e are all 

But why am I writing this loosely constructed article, when 
I have nothing at all to say? In the first place, Mr. Jordan 
was anxious to have some copy and he was not particular where 
he got it. He actually drew a sight draft on my theological 
bank, not knowing that I am overdrawn, and would have to 
issue fiat money or plead bankruptcy. In the second place, I 
have just paid up all my back dues in the Institute, and I feel 
so light-hearted and respectable that I want to get back into 
notice. It may be that this is the real reason that Jordan has 
asked me to write this rather longer article than usual. Henry 
may have given him the tip, and that is their way of recognizing 
a wanderer's return to the fold of the faithful. There is more 



joy in the heart of the Secretary-Treasurer over one delinquent 
that payeth up than the ninety-nine punctual persons who never 
get behind. 

In the third place I have some rather interesting gossip 
which I want to pass along. Perhaps you have seen something 
and heard something of the little discussion between Mr. 
Kershner and myself. Shortly after the Congress he wrote 
requesting the privilege of publishing my paper, along with his 
review in the Christian Evangelist. I was glad of this oppor- 
tunity of reaching the great constituency of the Evangelist with 
a discussion so good-natured and vital withal as that between 
Editor Kershner and myself. In sending my paper I stipu- 
lated that in case it was desired to criticise my positions fur- 
ther I should have liberty of publishing a reply in the same 
issue with the criticism. This was freely granted and Mr. 
Kershner sent me a copy of an additional word of his own in 
review of my rejoinder. I wrote another short essay endeavor- 
ing to arrive at complete understanding with my friendly and 
courteous critic with reference to some very fundamental pre- 
suppositions. This last interchange between us was to have 
appeared very soon, but for some reason — lack of space, no 
doubt — it has not yet appeared. I have, however, received 
word from Mr. Kershner that he thinks our positions have 
both been made sufficiently clear, and that it will hardly be 
fair to his readers to take further space at this time. He ex- 
pected, however, to publish the two papers referred to above, 
and will, perhaps, yet do so. In the meantime I am doing him 
no injustice, I trust, by referring in informal article to one 
or two of the points at issue between us. 

In his original criticism of my view to indefinite variability 
of the formal elements in Christianity, Mr. Kershner urged 
that I would logically be driven either to the Roman Catholic 
theory of the Church or to the complete abandonment of any 
sort of Church at all. When in my rejoinder I disclaimed this 
alternative and alleged Democracy as the outcome of my 
view with its concept and practice of freedom, he returned with 
the charge that my position involves the mistaken theory of 
anarchy. He said that Democracy must have some regulative 
constitution to guarantee its development according to its own 
type. This, of course, brings up the whole question as to the 


nature of Democracy. In ray rejoinder I tried to show that 
in the development of our own American democracy it has not 
been any specific formal provisions of our written constitution 
that have guaranteed its development according to type, but 
rather because the whole document, and the life of the Ameri- 
can people are permeated with the principles and ideals of 
dem.ocracy. Likewise that which guarantees the development 
of Christianity according to its own type is not any definite 
formal elements of unchanging character existing in its original 
constitution, but rather the ideals and purposes of Jesus as 
embodied in his personality. 

But you will be more interested in some of the reverbera- 
tions of his discussion from the field at large, than in the dis- 
cussion itself. I have had some interesting letters from various 
sources. One brother, a theological teacher in one of the Bible 
Colleges, writes as follows: "I have read with great care your 
article. That you may not be misled as to my position, let me 
say to you frankly that I deem your position not only tending 
if taken, to the destruction of all for which Disciples have stood 
for more than a century, but subversive of all which Jesus 
Christ, our Lord, taught touching these things." A well known 
attorney in one of our middle-west cities where our people are 
strongest writes: "This discussion, it seems to me, will be of 
permanent value not only to the members and the church-men 
of the Disciples, but to Protestants generally. You have ex- 
pressed most clearly and logically ideas which appear to me of 
exceedingly great importance to our church at this time. I have 
felt for years that I am somewhat out of harmony with the 
leaders in our moven:ent, because I could not agree with some 
of their ideas as to what they consider the essentials of our pro- 
fession of faith. I agree most heartily with the position ex- 
pressed in your article, and would like very much to have this 
discussion in book or pamplet form to preserve in my library." 
A physician over in the heart of Missouri writes: "I find 
nothing inconsistent in your position. The discussion goes to 
the bottom — deals with fundamentals — and should strengthen 
and cheer the seeker after truth. I have much trouble in try- 
ing to get my theology on a working practical basis. Like 
many others, no doubt, I have gone froin a state of passive 
credulity to benumbed and chill atheism, then back to an un- 


certain and shifting position between these two extremes." I 
want Ames and Winders to take notice that there is one man, 
even in Missouri where they have to be shown, that finds some- 
thing practical in what I have written. 

I do not refer to these letters for the sake of the slams or 
the compliments contained in them, but that you may know of 
the interest generated by such discussions, dry and theological 
as they may be. There is an appetite among the people for 
doctrine if it is vital and robust. We are facing a new day of 
interest in fresh theological constructions and statements. Our 
great need is an organ that will give them to the people. The 
letters mentioned are merely samples of many others that came 
to me with reference to this particular discussion. I have no 
doubt that Mr. Kershner received many more than I received. 

Fellow members of the Campbell Institute, I believe we are 
coming into a new atmosphere of opportunity for the circula- 
tion of ideas. Let us be considerate and temperate, and frank. 


By E. S. Ames. 

(Some who have thought of E. S. Ames as a rationalist 
would hardly recognize him in this mood. This letter to Lis 
church is reproduced as an expression of the vacation spirit and 
that C. L men may know a valiant exponent of our cause 
better. — Editor.) 

I have just made a fire in the good old-fashioned fireplace. 
Its crackling music makes a genial, friendly spell throughout 
the house. 

Out of the windows to the west I look over Lake Michi- 
gan which has been rather quiet for the two days since I came. 
That is about as long as one mood lasts and a rather leaden 
sky suggests a possible storm. Usually our human moods blend 
into the moods of nature and by the time she seems to tire of 
too much warmth and soft sunshine, we are also ready for the 
thunders and roaring waves. How a wild storm over the water 
acts vicariously for our pent up human restlessness' 

Last evening we had a marvelous sunset. It was one of 
those in which a single strip of cloud at the horizon meets 
the descending fire and furnishes a curtain for brilliant, dissolv- 


ing views. At last the sun is half sunk in the water. The up- 
per edge is hid by the cloud and the section of molten gold 
between it and the water floats like a ship of fire upon the open 
sea. The edge of the cloud above and the wide stretch of 
waves and the sky are wondrously illuminated. A cubist painter 
would need a full palette of vivid colors to reproduce it, and if 
he succeeded, many an observer of his canvas would doubt wheth- 
er such shimmering lights and profusion of tints ever really 
existed in nature. Tonight the spectacle seems likely to be 
omitted. What endless variety in the procession of days in 
nature and in our human hearts. 

To my left, out of the window to the south, branches of 
oak trees heavy with leaves make a screen through which little 
glimpses of the sky can be seen. The wind stirs through it 
all with pulsing life. To my right out of the northern window 
are the pines, their high black trunks tipped with billowy green. 
The pines are most sensitive to intruders. They do not en- 
dure houses built close to them. They have already given way 
in many spots to the maples and oaks. But they still give 
character to these sand dune hills. They are the "second 
growth." Here and there along our paths are the great stumps 
and sometimes the moss covered trunks of the miighty sentinels 
which stood here until forty years ago. Then the white man 
invasion occurred. Ruthlessly and wastefully the old forests 
were shorn from the earth in the mad, unthinking rush to 
turn them into gold. Now, when people come from the rush- 
ing city to build little summer shacks for shelter they have to 
buy pine grown in the far south. But the new pines the 
old stateliness and the rich odor and the deep shade. They 
seem to sway over our heads like proud keepers of the earth, 
harboring the birds and sighing with a music which tempers 
all the brightness of summer with hints of autumn. 

The village of Pentv/ater ought to be painted in evening 
tones. It has had its day as a bustling lumber camp. The peo- 
ple struggle on with a theoretical understanding that the days 
of prosperity are over, but with an unconscious, habitual at- 
tachment to the place which is at pathetic. The owners 
of two little shops where I have often loafed and talked re- 
ligion have gone during the winter — one to Missouri and one to 
the city. Those who rem.ain extol! the climate and look more 


eagerly each season for the return of the resorters. 

The only boat which came into this port last season has 
now been discontinued, and one laconic citizen remarked, "Yes, 
and we're going to let the channel dry up now!" You get here 
now by Goodrich boats to Muskegon and then by the famous 
Pere Marquette Railroad, or by the railroad all the way from 
Chicago. The railroad is promising to adjust its schedule so 
that one may leave here at seven in the evening and catch the 
boat at Muskegon to arrive in the city early the next morning. 

But we who like the quiet life for our vacation are rather 
glad to have the place somewhat difficult of access. It will not 
be over-run by excursionists or by stylish birds of passage. It 
will continue to be a plain haven for honest, weary bodies who 
love nature as she is and a few companionable souls equally 
honest and tired! 

To be sure we have availed ourselves of some comforts out 
here on the dunes. We have electric lights and a community 
telephone for emergencies. We have also our own water sys- 
tem which pumps the water to a tank on a high hill and dis- 
tributes it to our cottages clear and cool. We are also within 
fifteen minutes of the post office and of automobiles. But 
these things do not greatly concern us. 

Those who like to fish do so in the little lake — Pentwaier 
Lake — which contains bass, pickerel, and shoals of speckled 
beauties. Last night I dreamed of fishing. I was "all dressed 
up," wading in shallow water on the edge of a deep hole. I had 
a yellow apricot on my hook for bait! Soon I caught a five 
pound fish diflferent from any I have ever seen on land or sea. 
It wa<=; white bellied and black on its back, without scales. I 
asked a native of the land what it was and he said, "That's an 
angel fish." 

An event of significance in the book world is the pro- 
duction of a handy volume set of the last edition of the En- 
cyclopedia Brittanica. It is printed on the high grade India 
paper, but the type has been reduced by a photographic pro- 
cess so that it is much the same size as that employed in the 
Bulletin. The maps and illustrations are all present and the 
subject matter is unaltered. The price is less than half the 
present price for the larger edition. The minister with small 
salary will find the hand volume set a real opportunity. 



By Roy C. Flickinger 

"Ancient Town-Planning." By F. Haverfield. (Oxford, 
Clarendon Press, 1913. Pp. 152). 

Here is another idea which was anticipated by the ancients; 
The material collected in this volume was presented, in part, 
to the London Conference on Town-planning in 1910. 

In barbaric or uncivilized times, towns have consisted of a 
temple, castle, church, or other dominant building, one or 
two processional avenues for worshipers at sacred festivals, 
and an adjacent chaos of tortuous lanes and squalid houses. 
Even Athens, Sparta, and Rome departed but slightly from 
this pattern. The use of the straight line and the right angle 
marks the work of civilized and rational men. Despite abortive 
beginnings in Egypt, Babylonia, and elsewhere, the art of town- 
planning probably began in fifth century Athens, when Hippo- 
damus of Miletus laid out the Piraeus in checkerboard fashion. 
This is the type which St. John chose for his New Jerusalem 
in Rev. XXI, 13 and 16. 

The Romans took over the Greeks' ideas in this matter 
but usually marked off one principal avenue north and south 
and another east and- west after the manner of a Roman camp, 
with lesser streets branching from these. Their blocks, for 
which the Greek term was "plintheion" and the Roman term 
was "insula," were more often oblong, sometimes narrowly 
so, than square. 

In Italy a few cities still use considerable parts of their 
ancient street-plans, in Gaul and Germany, Treves and Cologne 
employ two or three streets, in England, which has enjoyed 
less continuity of civilization than any other of Rome's western 
provinces, there is not a single example. The dark ages wrought 
this mischief; tortuous lanes were more easily defended in 
street fighting than were broad, straight avenues. But in the 13th 
century the tide turned once more and has never ebbed again. 
In 1682 Penn introduced the system into America at Philadel- 

The whole matter is interesting as showing the slow and 
painful steps by which mankind at last became able to plan 
in units and as indicating how closely the forms of modern life 
depend upon ancient ideas. 


By Chas. E. Underwood 
The Bible Study Curriculum 

The writer is unable to dismiss from his mind at this time 
the interest that has claimed special attention through the past 
weeks. He therefore has decided to inflict on the reader some 
conclusions in respect to the subject noted above. 

Educators now hold that education lacks the keystone unless 
the will be trained. The will is trained by the inculcation of 
great principles which the will translates into specific rules of 
moral conduct. These principles have their highest expression 
in the utterance of Mt. Sinai and the Mount of Beatitudes. 
Therefore teach the Bible. Teach the Bible to all the youth, 
whatever the prospective vocation. Teach the Bible to all as 
persistently as you teach English to all. 

What an opportunity for the church college! We have not 
yet begun to apply the principle recognized by educators. Each 
college has built up courses for ministerial courses, and has 
sought to teach everything. Why not merge this whole minis- 
terial plan in the plan for universal Bible courses, leaving the 
technical training for graduate years? Why not standardize 
our whole curriculum for reaching the whole student body. 

I believe it would be desirable to encourage each student to 
take a minimum of 10 semester hours in Bible Study out of his 
total of 120 semester hours for the full course. It should be 
possible for each student who so desires to major in Biblical 
and related fields, in other words, to secure a minimum of 30 
semester hours in these fields. 

Following is a practical suggestion. Each school should 
have at least one professor of Biblical History and Litertature. 
The following courses would make an excellent curriculum, all 
of which could be credited toward the A. B. degree: 
Life of Christ and Apostolic Age, 3 hrs. per week, total 6 hrs. 

History of Israel 3 hrs. per week, total 6 hrs. 

O. T. and N. T. Literature 2 hrs. per week, total 4 hrs. 

The Greek New Testament .5 hrs. per week, total 10 hrs. 

One intensive Bible Course 2 hrs. per week, total 4 hrs. 

Total 15 30 

This plan would command the full time of the one professor, 


and offer sufficient electives for a good cultural course. Courses 
in Church History and Religious Education could be given in 
connection with other departmental work. 

This plan would gain recognition of graduate institutions, 
and help to correlate the work in our own colleges, to the 
end that we may make more complete the education of our 


By John Ray Ewers 

These are the glorious days of the Out-'o-Doors. It be- 
comes a sacred duty to consecrate the forenoon to eighteen 
holes of golf. There is only one June in each year and one 
needs to store his soul with the perfume of roses. There will 
be grey days in December when you will need the stored-up 
sunshine of summer. Out of doors then, wave your arms on 
the hills, let the sun smite your forehead, open your lungs to 
the air that is sweet from the meadow and the forest. The- 
crimson rambler hangs over the wall, the daisy possesses the 
field, the grass is tall — knee-deep in June. 

Last Sunday we took our gospel out-of-doors. We carried 
it up to the park. Hundreds of people were on the lake, under 
the trees, in the swings, strolling along the paths, driving 
in their cars, wheeling the precious baby, sitting on benches 
looking into fond eyes. We went where the people were. All 
week they had been behind the counters, leaning over the desks, 
battling with the fierce heat before furnace doors, sweeping 
rooms, baking bread. Now they smiled in the great park. 

They seemed to like the churchless gospel. The little organ 
gave the pitch and a hundred voices sang, "If Your Heart 
Keeps Right." It sounded good under the trees and over the 
lake. The folks cam.e up closer. A layman told a Bible story 
and told it well, using plenty of street talk and modern elo- 
quence. There was a prayer and another good song, "I need 
Thee Every Hour." The folks hung around and met us and 
asked where we were from. Then the autos chugged away, the 
young folks strolled off, the proud "Daddy" pushed the cart, 
the youngsters ran somewhere else, the church-people stood 
around and talked it over. The gospel prospered by its airing. 


The summer is a fine time to GO with the gospel. All year 
ive have been saying, "COME." The summer is the time to 
:ake the gospel out of doors. Take it into the streets, into the 
)arks, into the factory, up on the roof-garden, out on the lawn. 
The summer is the time to get into God's great open air. 


By H. C. Armstrong 
Training for Christian Citizenship 

If a man is a citizen of two worlds, education should make 
im a good citizen of each. Religious education therefore has 
:he task of training boys and girls for good citizenship in this 
present world as well as that of prepearing them for possible 
;itizenship in the world which is to come. The Bible School 
md the Church have a work to do in this connection. 

One thinks at once of several important ideals and duties 
vhich ought to be made prominent in the program of training 
or good citizenship. First of all there is the great doctrine 
md duty of peace. More and more there will be need for 
;lear thinking and sound conviction on the question of military 
)olicy. Our boys and girls must be thoroughly nurtured in the 
Christian doctrine and ideal. Second, there is the duty of re- 
pect for authority and regard for law. It is all too justly 
;harged against us Americans that we are lacking in respect 
or authority, parental, civil and religious. This is a most 
erious defect. Also our boys and girls, and men and women, 
leed to be taught the higher purpose of law and need to be 
rained to think more of the common welfare and of the public 

Christian citizenship is unselfish citizenship. Again there is 
?reat need of training that will lead our people into the Chris- 
tian attitude toward our immigrant neighbors. They are many 
ind here to stay. Democracy and religion have the task of 
making us their fellow-citizens as well as that of making them 

Finally, and above all, our boys and girls, and men and wom- 
en, must be taught to recognize God and His law in social and 
civil matters as well as in personal life. Morality and religion 
have primary rights and prerogatives in citizenship. 



What can we do to help in this important task? Several 
things. First, observe the twenty-first birthday of the young 
men of the School with an appropriate recognition ceremony. 
Second, have a fitting and instructive service on the Sundays 
before such days as election day, July Fourth, Washington's 
and Lincoln's birthdays, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and 
Flag Dag. Another thing that would be found to be very profit- 
able is for the superintendent or pastor to bring to the School 
bccasionally the Christian interpretation and application of cur- 
rent political and civil events. Also, have the boys and girls 
find out and tell their classes who their Congressmen and other 
ofiicers are, what the duties of their officers are and what quali- 
fications one should possess in order to be eligible to such 
offices. Finally, let us teach our boys and girls and all our peo- 
ple to pray daily for our Nation and for our President. This 
is a New Testament commandment. 

Let us plan to give Training for Citizenship a large place 
in our next year's Bible School and Church program. 


By Edward A. Henry 

Dr. Willis A. Parker of Pomona Colloge is teaching at the 
University of Chicago this summer. He is living in Hitch- 
cock Hall. He supplied the pulpit in Dr. Ames' church June 25. 

J. K. Arnot of Musselshell, Mont., arrived in Chicago June 
16 with a bride of a week. The Institute members extend 
most hearty congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. Arnot who are 
living for the summer at 1137 E. 57th St., Chicago, while Mr. 
Arnot takes work in the University. 

An event of more than passing interest was the wedding 
of Dr. Clarence H. Hamilton and Miss Lulu Snyder at Nanking, 
China, on April 18. All of our members join in wishing them 
a long, happy and successful lifetime of labor in needy China. 

Vaughan Dabncy is quoted by the Evangelist as saying 
that when he left Oakland he left the Disciple's ministry and 
is now candidating near Boston for a Congregational pulpit. 
We have no direct word from Mr. Dabney. 

Rodney L. McQuarry, who is filling the South Broadway 
pulpit in Denver for the summer, has accepted the chair of 


Sacred Literature at Eureka College to begin work this autumn. 

Lee E. Cannon, whose department of literature in the Bul- 
letin has been so much enjoyed during the past year, has ac- 
cepted the chair of German at Hiram College for next year. 
He is taking summer work at the University of Chicago. 

Joseph E. Smith and wife of Eureka Colleg are taking sum- 
mer work at the University of Chicago and living at 1126 E. 
S4th Place, Chicago. 

Claire L. Waite asks that his address be changed to read 
1339 N. Wahsatch Ave., Colorado Springs, Colo. 

J. Leslie Lobingier has left Chicago for his old home in 
Santa Monica, Cal., and gives his address as 1029 Wilshire 
Blvd., Santa Monica, Cal. 

Chester G. Vernier reports the birth of Dorothy Jane on 
June 21st. This makes two girls and one boy for Prof. Vernier. 
He has accepted a professorship in law at Leland Stanford 
University for next year. We congratulate him upon the new 
daughter and lament his removal from the middle west. 

Burris Jenkins announces that he is called out with the Mis- 
souri militia for service on the Mexican border as chaplain of 
the 3rd Missouri National Guard. This will prevent his read- 
ing the paper announced in the program for the summer un- 
less Carranza comes to terms quickly so that Uncle Sam can 
release the guardsmen. 

A. C. Gray writes that overwork and need of a complete 
rest will prevent him from preparing the paper he had prom- 
ised. Aside from these two all the papers announced will be 

W. C. MacDougall has accepted a call to Waukegan, 111., 
but will continue to live in Chicago and do work at the Uni- 

C. C. Rowlison sends word that he is surely going to come 
for that big meeting and asks to have a room reserved for 
him at the Hayes. 

Carl A. Burkhardt of Franklin, Ind., is another new pledge 
for the summer meeting. He also reserves a room at the Hayes. 

A few members have returned the blanks to propose new 
members to be voted upon at the summer meeting. We hope 
to receive many more during the next two weeks. 

Northwestern University announces the election of our 


own Pres. Roy C. Flickinger to a full professorship of Greek 
and Latin. He has had the rank of Associate Professor for 
some time past. 

We are in receipt of a splendid letter from Tolbert C. 
Reavis, Buenos Aires, tO' be read at the annual meeting. We 
hope that many of those who can not come will send letters. 
One item of news in it we cannot keep. Plans have been per- 
fected by which the Disciples are to join with the Methodists 
in the college the latter are now supporting in that city. Mr. 
Reavis has been elected Professor of Philosophy in the new 
union school. 

Eureka College is rejoicing in the gift of money for a new 
science building. Eureka is certainly making splendid progress 
and rapidly coming into possession of a splendid material 

R. W. Gentry is again platform manager of the Winfield, 
Kans., Chautauqua, one of the largest in the west. 

A. W. Fortune preached the baccalaureate sermon for Ken- 
tucky State University and the sermon was printed entire in 
the Lexington Herald. 

The China Press, the leading paper of the Orient, prints 
in full an address on "A Layman's Impressions of the Endeavor 
Movement" which Judge Lobingier delivered at the National 
Chinese Endeavor Convention at Hangchow, China on April 9. 

Campbell 3n0tttute SSullettn 



Be still, my heart, and let the world rush onward; 

Be still awhile, that we may be with God. 
Why should we follow, follow still in madness? 

Why should we bow to Mammon's tyrant rod? 
Be still, be still ! Now let us wander backward, 

Through flowery fields that we have hurried by. 
Let us, as children, pluck again the daisies 

That fleck the fields as stars the midnight sky. 

Be still, my heart ! What profiteth this fretting. 

This ceaseless strife^ by proud ambition stirred? 

What gain shall come from all this greed for getting? 
Be still, my heart, while God declares His word. 

More truly speaks the lily of the valley 

Than busy marts, with spirit-killing roar. 

Be still, be still, let Silence be your teacher. 

Be still, my heart, and heed the world no more. 
— Thomas Curtis Clark. 


The Campbell Institute is soon launched upon the twenty-first 
year of its existence. Misrepresentation and ridicule have been 
naeted out to it through the two decades that are past but it has 
lived on until today the organization is nearly twice as strong as 
it was ten years ago. There is a reason for the life of every social 
organization. The Campbell Institute finds its reason for life in 
its declared purpose of keeping up the intellectual and spiritual 
life of its members. Many of the old ways of being religious are 
passing out of the v/orld. A new way is being found and v/e may 
claim with all humility that the religious life of the Disciples of 
Christ has been enriched by the labors and achievements of the 
Campbell Institute. 

We welcome into our ranks the new members. They may 
fancy they have joined themselves to a company of radicals. We 
fear they will soon be disillusioned by the conservatism v/hich 
they will discover in our ranks. The Institute has no consistent 
witness on doctrine, though in some general way its members may 
be described as "modern men." We hope our nev/ members will 
find the group composed of thoughtful men who love books and 
research and the finer things of the spirit. These new members 
are urged to do their bit to add to the world's knowledge. It is 
thus that they will prove their right to be called loyal members 
of the Campbell Institute. 

The time is not far distant v/hen the developments upon the 
foreign missionary fi-eld will demand the attention of all mission- 
ary Disciples. There is a federation, amounting almost to a 
union, on most of the great fields. It is fundamental to such a 
plan that there should be a free interchange of members. The 
Disciples will be compelled at an early date to practice such in- 
terchange or else take down our slogan for Christian Union. 

A query to the many teachers of the Campbell Institute, 
would be in order. It is to be observed that Disciple colleges 
have turned out an unusual number of graceful platform speak- 
ers, but not many writers proportionately. Is that due to an 
accident of Disciple development outside the colleges,^or do our 
institutions need to require more writing from, their students? 



This is the clay of the printed page and we hope the new gener- 
ition of leaders will be men who know how to expijess them- 
;elves forcibly and yet beautifully through this medium. 

Reports from a number of our colleges bring the good news 
;hat there is an increase in the student body. Eureka college 
•eports the largest enrolment of its history. Meanwhile every 
;ollege in the land has a certain number of Disciple students. In 
STorthwestem University, a Methodist school, there are about 
hirty Disciple students every year, but this year only three or 
our of last year's group are back, which serves to show some- 
;hing of the wanderlust that is in the modern student. It would 
)e worth the labor of some statistician to find out the number of 
Disciple students in all colleges and universities each year. We 
night thus trace the development of the educational idea among 


As our pastors lay out the fall program a place should be 
ft for the larger ministry. If the first duty is to the parish, the 
luty of the true minister does not end there. We owe our 
;houghts and ideas to the big enterprises of the world we live in. 
^any things in our town would go better through the kindly in- 
;erest of a minister. The truth we have for the world 
nay be floated out on many barques. It is not enough to succeed 
n the parish. Campbell Institute men should be big enough to 
succeed in their cities and become an appreciable force in the 
ation as well. 

Our constitution permits the election of but one man to Hon- 
)rary Membership at any annual meeting. In the twenty years of 
;he Institute just six men have been selected for this honor. This 
feaT the eminent American Disciple poet and artist, Nicholas 
Vachel Lindsey, was selected as our seventh Honorary Member, 
[t is hardly necessary to say that his address is Springfield, 111. 

Rupert A. Nou.rse of 542 Frederick St., Milwaukee, Wis., is 
new Cooperating member. Mr. Nourse is Vice-President and 
General Manager of the Stowell Com.pany of Milwaukee, and a 
very active layman in the local church there. He hopes to be 
able to attend Institute meetings in the future. 


By Ellsworth Faris 
Among the most notable of recent publications in philosophy 
is the special number of the Philosophical Review for May, 1916, 
published by Longmans at $1.50. It has nearly 300 pages de- 
voted to the papers and addresses read at the two special pro- 
grams of the American Philosophical Association at Philadelphia, 
Tast Christmas, in honor of the sixtieth birthday of Professor 
Josiah Royce of Harvard, who was present at a banquet at 
which were re?.d letters of congratulation and appreciation from 
various scholars in this country and Europe. On that occasion 
Professor Royce responded with some personal and biographical 
remarks which are included in the volume. He v/as profoundly 
moved by the event and addressed an engraved letter to each 
member of the association. Two portraits enhance the value of 
the volume, which also contains a bibliography of Royce's writ- 
ings with some 120 titles, including articles, and also complete 
references to critical reactions on Royce of other writers. 

There is not space here for even a catalogue of the contents 
of the book, which includes nineteen titles, Hov/ison, Dewey, 
Eakewell, Calkins, Sheldon, Spalding, Cohen, Cabot, and Hocking 
being 3'epresented. The best comment is perhaps that of Pro- 
fessor Creigfcton in the preface: 

"It is interesting to note that these papers, although con- 
tributed by men who in some form acknowledge a debt of grati- 
tude to Royce, and many of whom have been his pupils, are 
largely critical as well as appreciative. It is doubtless true that, 
although we may adopt rough labels like 'Ideaism.', 'Pragmatism*, 
•Realism' for rough classificatory purposes, yet philosophy does 
not tend to develop in this counti-y in the form of closed schools. 
The influence of a teacher like Professor Royce, great as it has 
been and is, does not lead to the literal adoption of his doctrines, 
but manifests itself in stimulating and promoting the spirit of 
inquiry and of universality through which his own philosophy 
has been developed. This, indeed, has everywhere been charac- 
teristic of the great teachers. The spirit of true loyalty has al- 
ways been, amicus Plato, sed magis arnica Veritas." 

The recent death of Professor Royce only renders the volume 
increasingly valuable and timely. 

By Ferr'i J. Rice 

It is with no little reluctance that I yield to the importunity 
of the executive committee and assume charge of the Chamber 
of Pastoral Duties. Removed as I am, and have been for the 
past seven years, from the centers of religious thought and life 
I fear that I shall have little of interest and profit to say to the 
readers of the Bulletin. But I seem to have no power to resist, 
,nd shall therefore endeavor to perform the services as requested. 

The first month after the vacation season is usually a trying 
one for me, and I judge it is for most pastors. I am full of plans 
for the season's work but the lethargy of the summer is still ap- 
parent and the organization is somewhat in need of repair s. I t 
requires a high degree of generalship, and an abundance of pa- 
tience to mobilize and marshal the forces. Fortunately or un- 
fortunately, however, in these days the pastor is the organizing 
head of the local congregation, and failure here means failure all 
along the line, -'appy is the pastor who returns from his vaca- 
tion refreshed in body, mind and spirit, and with clear cut ideals 
as to the ministry his church should perform. He needs all the 
strength he has to make those ideals the ideals of his church, 
and to ai'ouse in a group of leaders at least a passion of achieve- 

Returning from my vacation in August I read two articles in 
the July number of The American Journal of Theology, one by 
Arthur C. McGiffert on: "The Progress of Theological Thought 
During the Past Fifty Years," and the other by Herbert Perry 
Faunce on: "Religious Advance in Fifty Years," which stimulated 
miy thinking and greatly revived my interest in preaching. After 
these recent decades of remarkable progress and change in re- 
ligious thought there is nothing the church needs so much as such 
a statement of the faith as v/ill at once calm the fears of the 
timid and arouse the interest of those who have moved in the ad- 
rance column. The men who are presenting such a message are 
aot complaining about the ungodliness of the age or the indiffer- 
ence of the people. It is doubtful if the church ever faced greater 
opportunities than she faces today. Here is a part of a para- 
^•raph from Professor Faunee's article which is both reassuring 
?.nd awakening: "There is more of vital 'Christianity in the world 
;or]ay than ever before, but it is seeking and finding novel chan- 


nels for its utterance. It is like a mighty and restless river, 
which veers and lurches and suddenly carves out for itself a new 
channel. The houses built beside the old river bed are still 
standing, but they are uninhabited. The old wharves are there, 
but no steamers call — the mighty river and the mighty life it 
creates have moved away." It is the business of the pastor to 
find these new channels and build beside them. 


By Lee E. Cannon 

Brander Matthews "Chief European Dramatists" 

(Houghton Mifflin, 1916, $2.75) 

In this excellent collection, companion volume to "Chief 
Contemporary Dramatists" we have twenty-one dramatic master- 
pieces, from Aeschylus' "Agamemnon" to Ibsen's "A Doll's 
House," illustrating the development of dramatic literature. The 
book covers a wide range. Among others, we have plays from 
Lope de Vega, Calderon, Goldoni and Holberg. Classical French 
and classical German drama are well represented. 

An appendix contains short notes on the authors and very 
brief discussions of the plays. There is a very meagre bibli- 

Although we may not agree with all the selections and omis- 
sions, this volume affords a valuable survey of a great literary 
type. The various dramas suggest interesting comparisons of 
theme and technique, and reflect the audiences of their periods. 

Previous to the Great War there was an evident tendency in 
the Christian religion to become the religion of 'Christ. This 
tendency was reflected in literature as is shown by such works as 
Hauptmann's "The Fool in Christ", Frennsen's "Hilligen lei", 
Sudermann's "Johannes", Rostand's "L Samaritaine', Fogazzaro's 
"II Santo", George Moore's "The Brook Kerith" (Macmlilan, 1916 

This book is evidently skillfully constructed and artistic 
in its suggestion of local color, but based critically on rather un- 
certain ground. Mr. Moore assumes that Jesus did not die on the 
cross, but was rescued, still living, by Joseph of Aramathea, a re- 
ligious dreamer, and concealed in a colony of Essenes near the 
brook Kerith. There he lived for thirty years, repenting of his;: 

teaching and learning that "if we would reach the sinless state, 
we must relinquish pursuit." The result is quietism. The story 
is one of disillusion. Is the implication that we have been fol- 
lowing a false trail? Anyhow, this reinterpretation of Jesus' 
message is a very interesting symptom, and should scatter some 
fermenta cognitionis. 

A scholary little book is Professor Fletcher's "Dante" (Holt, 
1916, .50, H. U. L..) The author, acting on Norton's sugges- 
tion that it is needful to know Dante as a man, attempts an inter- 
pretation of the man from his writings, under the following 
heads; Dante's Personal Confessions; The Teaching of Dante; 
The Art of Dante. The result is an illuminating portrait of a 
great artist and teacher. I have found this essay very helpful 
and suggestive and commend it to your attention. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 
The group of men in the Institute who are professionally in- 
terested in the Classics is not a large one, and I have therefore 
sought to appeal to a larger audience by reviewing non-technical 
works. I have derived much encouragement from hearing oc- 
casionally of members who read the Bulletin "from cover to 
cover" every month. These are perforce readers of this cham- 
ber's reports. Of course, I suppose there are few of us who have 
not devoted some time to the study of Latin or Greek, and cer- 
tain manifestations of interest on the part of non-professionals 
have been welcomed. Yet, the friends of other disciplines would 
sometime give these subjects the reputation of having no m.ean- 
ing or value to men of tdoay. Indeed, a writer in one of our 
church papers has recently declared that the "dead" languages 
are often studied "with no better reason than that the ability to 
quote Latin is a mark of culture." It is fortunate for Mr. Mor- 
rison that his editorials are not widely read among m3'^ confreres, 
else by now his sanctum would be under the uninterrupted drum- 
fire of outraged classicists. I believe too profoundly in the 
classical study to acknowledge that any one could get no more out 
of it than this. Yet I can not empoly my space here to argue the 
point. It is curious, though, that the classical scholars of my 
acquaintance quote the ancients with great moderation, evidently 

believing in Chesterfield's dictum, "Wear your learning like your 
watch, in a private pocket, and do not pull it out and strike it 
merely to show that you have one." __^^^ 

One class of books which I have thought ought to interest 
members whose specialties lie elsewhere treats of fields in which 
the ancients have anticipated modern ideas or institutions. To 
this class belong Tod's "International Arbitration amongst the 
Greeks," Clarendon Press. The Greeks, in truth, cannot be said 
to have invented international arbitration, but they applied it 
more widely and rendered service to the cause of peace by mak- 
ing it known to the Romans and hence to the modern world. In 
chapter I. Tod colects the inscriptional evidence for 82 cases of 
arbitration; still others are known from literary sources. The 
high-water mark was reached in the 2nd century B. C. with 50 
cases, of course an incomplete list. This compares very favor- 
ably with 136 cases in the 19th century. The Greeks also in- 
cluded treaties v/hich arranged for the arbitration of future dis- 
putes. Unlike the moderns, they did not exclude questions of 
national honor or any other sort from, the scope of thesis) 

By W. D. MacDougall 

Has interest in missions suft'ered something of a slump in 
general among those who designate themselves as "modern" in 
their characteristic attitude toward the problems of life and 
thought? There are not a few indications which would lead 
one to think that such in general is the case. 

Upon whom, rests the fault of this changed attitude, if fault 
there be in this situation in question? The writer of this de- 
partment holds, whether rightly or wrongly, that this situation 
is the result of remissness. Upon whom does this burden of 

blame lie? 

Is it upon the missionary ? Consciously or unconsciously are 
the m.issionaries in general too sentimental ? The writer knows 
of a missionary, who, in his missionary addresses before the 
hom.e churches, for the purpose of making his appeal effective, 
carried about with him an odd-shaped shoe from a certain well- 
known country. On the basis of that foreign shoe he m.ade not 
a few moving appeals before Western audiences. Another, with 


;re motives also, plays up a certain mother's sacrifice with 
t prominence and effectiveness. With all respect to those, 
, with sincere motives, do this sort of thing, it is nevertheless 
lin that we cannot build up and maintain in our home con- 
ency an abiding and ever-deepening interest in the great task 
orld-missions so long as it is based on mere thrills. Thrilling 
^s there indeed are in practically every missionary's exper- 
3, but when one thrusts these into prominence, as one is so 
n tempted to do, it is almost certain to be the missionary, 
er than the big task of missions, which get into the hearer's 
s of a'ttention. Then for the most part interest in missions 
; as long as the thrill lasts; and in the end the last estate of 
hearer is almost worse than the first. 

The writer believes that this in general has been the weak- 
of much of the missionary material that has been presented 
re the home constituency. As a result the rank and file of 
bern Christendom have little more than the remotest idea 
he stupendous task in which modern missions is engaged in 
great world-fields. 

Yet it is hardly possible that the missionaries and mission- 
leaders are altogether to blame for the slump, described 
^e. May it be perchance that the man of modern approach 
not in general thought his Avay far enough along into tiie 
)er significances of the missionary movement, connected with 
vital Christianity? The wrtier does not profess that he has 
3 so, but he sincerely asks the question as to whether or not 
are to settle down to think of the sociological aspect as the 
' really gripping and worth-whlie aspect of this great world- 
rcling movement? While much of such a discussion would 
1 upon what is to be included under the term sociological as- 
t, yet, taking it in its commonly accepted significance, the 
ter up to the present at least has a deep conviction that there 
nuch more in the heart of the Christian missionary propa- 
da than the "sociological aspect" connotes. 
In this department in the following issue a review will be 
3n of James Bissett Pratt's recent book on "India and Its 
ths". His approach is psychological. It is interesting and 
of significance. The book was published at the close of 
; year by Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 



By Roscoe R. Hill 

In accepting the duties of this Chamber a second time, I feel 
that I should express my appreciation of the kind words of the 
Executive Committee. I shall try not to let my change of work 
interfere with my general reading for the Chamber. 

The problem of making an end to war is one that should 
occupy the mind of every thinking person. Leaders of thought 
need to be well informed upon the subjects of pacifism and mili- 
tarism.; they should know the history of both doctrines. With a 
viev/ of presenting the arguments of both sides of the problem, 
Professor E. B. Krehbiel of Leland Stanford University, has pre- 
pared an exhaustive syllabus under the title of "Nationalism, 
War and Society," (New York, Macmillan, 1916; xxxv, 276 pp.). 
Professor Krehbiel is a pacifist by training, for his miother taught 
him to hate war, and is an ardent advocate of all that will serve 
to bring about world peace. At the same tim_e he is a true schol- 
ar and presents not a partisan viewpoint, but gives a careful 
outline of the arguments for and against both sides of the ques- 
tion. ' 

The first part of the volume is entitled, "Nationalism, its 
Character, Fallacies and Faults". Here are given topics dealing 
with the definition of nationalism, the defense and faults of na- 
tionalism, the results of armed peace, the economic consequences 
of war, public debts, the sociological, biological, political aspects 
of war, and morals. Part two, deals with the "Modern Politi- 
cal and Social Changes and their Reaction on International 
Rivalries". This part includes studies of the role of force, a 
history of the institutions of warfare, and modern communica- 
tion with the resultant economic, social and intellectual interna- 
tionalism, and the attempts at political internationalism. 

Part three outlines the "Progressive forces, which seek to 
overcome the favilts of nationalism and establish an order of 
things in agreement with the evolution of society". Aftei* 
pointing out the fundamental objections to war and treating the 
earliest pacifist movements, a section is devoted to "Peace 
through diplomacy" by which nationalism is retained. Inter- 
national law, international arbitration, the Hague conferences 
and an international judiciary are the topics of this section. 
The volume reaches its in the section treating of 'Peace 


through cooperation" by which nationalism is abandoned. The 
agencies of international organization and federation which nat- 
urally bring limitations on national sovereignty, and the 
schemes for diminishing the chances of war and compelling na- 
tions to keep the peace are here set forth. A study is given also 
upon the important subject of education and peace. 

The outline of the thirty separate topics, each of which may 
serve as the basis for one or more lectures, is followed by a care- 
fully arranged bibliography. The interesting introduction is 
furnished by Norman Angell. The volume is a guide to the study 
of pacifism and militarism, which should be in the hands of 
every public speaker. 


(At the annual meeting a committee was directed to send 
the greetings of the Institute to J. H. Garrison, as he was re- 
pored to be ill. The members will be interested in the reply. Ed.) 

Mrs. Garrison and I count it a thing to grateful for that we 
still hold a place in the memory and affections of the body of 
younger men who make up your Institute. Sometimes there is 
a chasm formed between the older and younger men in the 
church which is unfortunate. We need each other. I am sure 
that we who past our three score and ten need the stimulus 
and enthusii^sm which the younger men can furnish and it may 
be that the experiences of age may have something to impart 
to the younger men. 

We cannot avoid growing old in body, but no Christian has 
a right to grov/ old in spirit. In spirit, I feel today as young 
as ever and my interest in the younger people was never so 
great. "For though the outward man perisheth, the inward 
man is renewed day by day," — by contact with the source of all 
life, union with whom is life eternal. 

You will be pleased to know that both Mr. Garrison and 
myself are quite well at present and hope to get east this 
coming autumn. 

Please convey my sincere thanks to your fellow-members 
for your gracious greeting and good wishes. 

Fraternally yours, 

J. H. Garrison 


A C. I. luncheon will be held in connection Vv^ith the General 
Convention at Des Moines, Friday noon, October 13, immediately 
after the conclusion of the morning program. It will be held 
in the Hotel Chamberlain and reservations will cost 75c a plate. 
It will be possible for members to bring guests, but it will be 
necessary to notify Professor Kirk or Mr. Flickinger, in advance,, 
of the number required. 

The C. I. was organized in Springfield, 111., October 19, 1896. 
The actual twentieth anniversary day, therefore, falls in the week 
after the Des Moines Convention. At the summer meeting it 
was voted that,wherever two or more members could do so, they be 
urged to dine together on the evening of October 19, either by 
themselves alone or in the company of congenial friends. In 
pursuance of this plan the following men have been asked to 
serve as local chairmen to make arrangements at the centers 

Claremont, Cel., W. A. Parker 

Columbi?}, Mo., G. D. Edwards 

Nev.- Haven, Conn., J. €. Archer 

Iowa City, la., Ellsv/orth Faris 

New York, N. Y., J. M. Philputt 

Des Moines, la., Sherman Kirk 

Kansas City, Mo., B. A. Jenkins 

Indianapolis, Ind., C. E. Underwood 

Cleveland, O., W. F. Rothenburger 

G3nton, Mo., H. B. Robison 

Eureka, 111., V. W. Blair 

Youngstown, 0., L. G. Batman 

Chicago, 111., R. C. Flickinger 
The mem-bers in or near these cities are urged to put them- 
selves in immediate touch with the nearest chairman. This cele- 
bration falls rather close to the meeting in Des Moines, but it is 
thought that those who do not go to the Convention will enjoy 
in addition to the other attractions, the fresh reports from those 

v/ho do go. , , 1, 

It wr.s further voted that isolated members should remember 
the evening of October 19th in some appropriate v/?y with their 
f'-milies or congenird friends. 
. At the Des Moines Convention, R. C. Flickinger will be at 


Savoy Hotel where he may be reached with regard to the 
titute dinner. 


1914 1915 1916 

Regular 113 129 138 

Cooperating 10 9 13 

Honorary 5 6 6 

Associate 19 18 22 

Totals 147 162 179 

Financially the standing of members is as follows — 

Regulars paid in full 105 

Cooperating paid in full 7 

Total paid in full 112 

Honorary, no dues 6 

Total in good standing 140 

Associate, no dues 22 

Number owing dues 39 

Total membership 179 

Summary of the Treasurer's Report. 

Owing to several causes, one of which was the early meet- 
(in Jvine)- and another the financial stringency during the 
t year of the war, we started the fiscal year of 1915-1916 with 
3ry small cash balance on hand. A circular letter in August 
ught excellent returns. After that the usual January, April 
June billings of all delinquents brought in only meagre re- 
ris. The expenses for the year were a little heavier than us- 
because with the 1915 meeting in June the July issue of the 
letin for that year fell into this fiscal year so we have actually 
ne the expense of eleven Bulletins instead of ten. The figures 
the years are, — 


June 22, 1915. Cash on hand $ 26.93 

Dues paid to July 25, 1916 257.00 

Dues paid during meeting 17.00 

Total $300.00 



Bulletins (11 numbers) $230.05 

Postage and Exchange 19-'^8 

Stenographer 28.95 

Office supplies 20.60 

Total ..;..... $299.08 

Cash on hand July 27 • 1-85 

Total $300-93 

By Edward A. Henry 

W. G. Alcorn left his place at Monroe City, Mo., on August 
1, in order to begin work at Hot Springs, Ark. During his five 
years at Monroe 'City he added 122 to the membership of the 


John K. Arnot who has been for several years in charge 
of a Congregational Church at Musselshell, Mont., has settled 
in Chicago in charge of the Grayland Congregational Church. 
He will do some work in the Chicago Theological Seminary v^^hich 
is now a part of the University of Chicago. His local address 
is 4908 W. Byron St., "Chicago, 111. 

Lee E. Cannon v/ho has been Professor of Modern Languages 
at Eureka College for a number of years has left to take a sim- 
ilar position at Hiram College where he begins work this fall. 

A. L. Cole closed his work at Cecil St., Toronto, on July 30 
and spent the balance of the summer at his old home in Center, 
Mo., where he may still be addressed. He will locate with some 
good church this autumn. 

J. L.Garvin spent the in Chautauqua work, beginmng 
at Jacksonville, Fla., in May and ending in Racine, Wis., in Sep- 
tember. He was in Chicago the latter part of the month anc 
reports a very happy and prosperous summer. He will continue 
his Efficiency Meetings with churches this autumn. His firsi 
season in this work was very successful. He begins a meeting 
with L. G. Batm-an in Youngstov/n, O., on November 25. Hit 
permanent address is Cambridge City, Ind. • 

Rodney L. MeQuary, who graduated from Yale School of Re 
ligion in June, begins his work in the Chair of Biblical Literature 
at Eureka College this autumn. 


Raymond A. Smith, after a successful work as Principal of 
Beckley Institute, Beckley, Va., has gone to Wilson, N. C, to be- 
come President of Atlantic Christian College. 

C. G. Vernier has resigned his Professorship of Law at the 
University of Indiana to accept a similar place at Leland Stan- 
ford University. Of the law faculty of eight there are now four 
Chicago men so Prof. Vernier feels very much at home. His ad- 
dress is 95 Bryant street, Palo Alto, Cal. He writes "We like 
the town, the University and most of all, the people, who seem 
very cordial. The Law School is the largest department out here 
and has a fine building in which I have a very comfortable office. 
I look out of my window through a massive arch upon a bunch 
of palm trees. There are low mountain ranges in view both to 
the east and the west." 

One of the items of interest in the business sessions of the 
'ecent Institute meeting was the reelection to membership in the 
nstitute of William Dunn Ryan, 204 Breaden St., Youngstown, 0. 
Mr. Ryan was a member of the Institute some years ago but 
aw fit to resign. More recently he expressed a desire to return 
md was duly elected. He has accepted and once more takes his 
tand with our company. 

Another new member is Rev. Hugh B. Kilgour, pastor of the 
iVychwood Church of Christ, Toronto, Canada. Mr. Kilgour is a 
graduate of McMaster University and spent the past summer in 
he University of Chicago. His address is 666 Euclid Ave., Tor- 
nto, Canada. His church has thirty-five of its men in the armies 
: Canada. This is an example of thep rice that Canada is pay- 
Lg in this war. 

Another new member is Irving S. Chenoweth, 1418 Euclid 
ve., Philadelphia, Pa., who was also elected to membership at the 
ecent meeting. He accepts with pleasure and assures us of his 
earty cooperation in pushing forward the high educational ideals 
f the Institute. He has his A, B. and A . M. from Eureka, his 
D. from Union Theological Seminary and is spending what 
ime he can spare working toward a Ph. D. in the University of 
'ennsylvania in the field of Sociology. 

Rev. Clay Trusty of Indianapolis, Ind., and Rev, C. Roy 
tauffer of Cincinnati, O., were also elected to membership. They 
ttended the sum.mer quarter of the University of Chicago and 
'^ere visitors at most of the Institute sessions. 


William R. Howell becomes the new Principal of Beckley 
Institute wher.e he has been an efficient teacher for several years. 

It is hoped that all the Institute members saw A.W. Taylor's 
report of his study of the college training of Disciple ministers 
as published in the Christian Century of September 14. This 
study was financed by the Institute and covered two years of 
work. It was to have been presented as a paper at the annual 
meeting but Mrs. Taylor's illness kept Mr. Taylor away and the 
paper arrived too late to be read at the meeting. 

K. F. Burns v/as the preacher at Lincoln Center, Chicago, 
during the months of July and August. 

Upon September 10, J. Sherman Hill and his wife closed a 
meeting at Holt, Mo., v/ith 90 confessions, 77 of whom united with 
the Christian church and the others with other churches of the 
community. Mrs. Hill spoke several times, especiallj'^ to women's 
meetings. It M^as a great meeting in every way. 

Fred S. Nichols of Iowa City went to the Mexican border as 
a chaplain. 

Mr. and Mrs. Guy Sarvis spent the summer in Japan visit- 
ing the missions there. 

Perry J. Rice will not be at Des Moines Convention this year 
as there is to be a big Irrigation and Soils Products Exposition 
in his city which seems to require his presence at home. 

The Evanston church, 0. F. Jordan, pastor, has received 7 
new members on the autumn's work already, ■'•vith propects of a 
number more. 

Roscoe Hill writes: 

"We spent the summer weeks in California, where I gave 
lectures on Latin America in the Summer Session of the Uni- 
versity of California, under the auspices of the American Associ- 
ation for International Conciliation, We had a very pleasant 
time. Came back over a month ago and school began here the 
21st of August, so we are well on the way towards the end of 
the first semester. We held the annual meeting of the church 
on Sunday with an all day meeting. I was chosen S. S. super- 
intendent for the ensuing year and will try to do something along 
that line." 

The story of our annual meeting was written up but there 
has been such demand for space in this issue that the article 
must be used in the next issue. 

iPampbell Mstitntt Bulletin 



There has been quite a sensation in Discipledom over the 
jfusal of C. S. Medbury to allow Burris A. Jenkins to occupy 
is pulpit on convention Sunday. This kind of discrimination 
roves a boomerang to the man who practices it. Many Disciples 
ill raise the question whether such a man has enough breadth 
f mind to preach to college students. 

Rumor in the convention of a seemingly well authenticated 
3rt brought a report of another piece of discrimination which 
ad a different ending. Abram Cory of the Men and Millions 
lovement ran a pencil through the name of E. S. Ames on the 
st of pulpit appointments "for convention Sunday. The local 
omimittee were not willing to allow this discrimination to stand 
nd Dr. Ames preached. This kind of thing on the part of mis- 
ionary leaders grows more expensive every year. 

A most obvious discrimination was made on the program 
f the missionary conventions against some men that would 
ave certainly spoken if they had been in some other communion. 
C. Morrison the past year completed a most noteworthy serv- 

e for the missionary enterprise at Panama and in South Amer- 

a. When you ask a missionary secretary why he was not in- 
ited to speak, you get an interesting answer. Dr. Willett made 

trip around the world of which we have heard nothing, though 
e spent much time with Disciple missionaries. Among the 

iving Link institutions there is only a small group of churches 
ontributing as does the Hyde Park church. Who has asked 
)r. Ames to recount his methods in interesting his church in 
rorld-wide missions? 

The timidity of our leaders has given us on the whole quite 
oor convention programs lately. A man not in the Institute 


looked over the program and said to another man, "A safe pro- 
gram, isn't it?" His inflection was significant. 

The time has come for men of progressive tendencies to 
claim for their brethren the leadership which properly belongs 
to men of training and vision. Cowardly acquiescence in injus- 
tice in the name of fictitious peace will never discharge our duty 
to the brotherhood or to our own consciences. 


By Ellsworth Faris 

W. B. Pillsbury: "The Fundamentals of Psychology," 1916, 
New York, The Macmillan Co., 560 pages. 

Margaret Floy Washburn: "Movement and Mental Im- 
agery," 1916, Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company. 

Occasionally I am asked by some member of the Institute 
to recommend a text-book on psychology which will enable one 
whose v/ork is in a different field to be en rapport with the recent 
developments of the science. The work mentioned above is not 
a revision of the former book by Professor Pillsbury, but new 
and much larger. It will, in my judgment, be very widely used 
by teachers v/hose view of psychology is functional and biolog- 
ical. More than eighty pages are devoted to the nervous sys- 
tem, nearly half of these being used for the discussion of the 
functions of the cerebrum. In addition, there is much physiolog- 
ical material in the chapters on sensation. The subjects of per- 
ception, sensation, and nervous system occupy 344 pages, and< 
The Self receives the usual brief and inadequate half chapter 
at the end. But it is an excellent book. 

Miss Washburn has written on a very timely subject for 
psychologists, but has avoided technical language so that the 
general reader will not find the work difficult reading. The ex- 
treme positions of the modern behaviorists is not taken, but an 
attempt is made to discover movement in all kinds of imagery, 
to show that kinaesthetic imagery is really movement, and that 
imageless thinking can be explained in terms of movement. The 
bibliography includes 162 valuable references. The work com- 
memorates the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Vassar 


By Lee E. Cannon 

Professor Phelps's instructive discussion of "The Advance 
of the English Novel" (Dodd, Mead & Co., 1916, $1.50) is both 
readable and scholarly. In general the criticism is sound, al- 
though there is a tendency at times to sacrifice strict accuracy 
to epigram. Of especial interest is the treatment of the "Mid- 
Victorian" period, and of those contemporary novelists who 
write with "soberness of mind." Considerable attention was at- 
tracted by Dr. Phelps's definition of a novel as "A good story 
well told." The trouble is that the definition needs defining. 

Miss Margarete Muensterberg's translation, "A Harvest of 
German Verse" (Appleton, 1916) is a work of true patriotism. 
It will introduce those readers who are not acquainted with the 
originals to that deeper, and we believe, more genuine German 
spirit which is at present overcast by what Professor Francke 
calls a "spirit of superciliousness." Although the classics are 
well represented, particular interest attaches to the folk-songs, 
and to the contemporary verse of such poets as Dehmel and 
Eilke. I should like to mention especially the schoolboy's poem, 
"For Us." 

The war has aroused a great interest in Russian literatux^e. 
An excellent guide into this field is Elropotkin's "Ideals and 
Realities in Russian Literature" (A. Knopf, 1916, $1.50). The 
contents of this book first appeared as Lowell lectures and were 
published several years ago, but now come out in a new edition. 
The presentation is interesting and has the ring of authority. 
After summarizing briefly the early literature of Russia, the 
author begins with Pushkin and treats in detail the greater 
writers of the past century, but mentions also many of lesser 

Russian literature is quite intimately connected with life, 
and this work throws much light on the Russian character. 

Members of the C. I. will be interested in Vachel Lindsay's 
"A Letter About My Four Programs." Although it is intended 
primarily for Publicity Committees in places where Mr. Lindsay 
is to speak, it contains much humor, vision, and beauty. De- 
scriptions of the programs, bibliographical material, and a num- 
ber of poems and drawings are included. I should like to call 
attention to the tract, "The Soul of the City Receives the Gift 


of the Holy Spirit," which Mr. Lindsay considers as, perhaps, 
the index to all his writing. 


Edited by Rot C. Flickinger 

"Greek Religion," by Arthur Fairbanks (American Book 
Company, 1910) is not one of the latest books, but it deals with 
a subject which has been somewhat neglected in the study of 
comparative religion. In his introduction the author says that 
"Greek religion has exercised about as much influence, though 
indirectly, on various phases of modern life, as Greek mythol- 
ogy has exercised on modern literature." He says further in 
this connection, "It is strange indeed that the religions of India 
and China, and even of savage races, should have been studied 
diligently to the neglect of religion in Greece and Rome. The 
student of Greek religion is not to search for Christian concep- 
tions in another field, but to investigate the facts and interpret 
them in the light of the highest religious experience he knows." 

The book is fairly v/ell prepared to present the subject 
in a comprehensive but condensed form. The opening chapters 
deal with the phenomena of religion at Athens in the fifth and 
fourth centuries B. 'C, then the main periods in the history of 
Greek religion are presented, and in Part III the significance 
and influence of Greek religion are considered. In Part I are 
chapters on Revelation and Inspiration, The Worship of the 
Gods, The Greek Gods, and The Soul and the Future Life. 

In his historical sketch of religion in Greece, Part II, the 
author divides the periods as follows, giving a chapter on each: 
The Beginnings of Greek Religion, Religion in the Greek Middle 
Ages, Religion in the Seventh and Sixth Centuries B. C, Re- 
ligion in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B. C. in which Hel- 
lenism is at its height, and The Outcome of Greek Religion. 
Part III has chapters on Religion in Relation to Art and Liter- 
ature, Religion and the Organization of Society, Religion and 
Philosophy and the Distinctive Nature of Greek Religion. 

To those who are interested in a restatement of the nature 
of Greek religion, its forms of worship, the Eleusinian mysteries, 
and the influence of the religion of the Greeks on Christianity, 
this book is worthy of a careful reading. 

Sherman Kirk. 


By Chas. M. Sharpe 
Theology and Preaching 

Theology has two main interests to serve. First, the prac- 
tical interests of the thinking mind; for man is never able to 
rest in fragmentary, loose-jointed systems of ideas. He seeks 
to unify his intellectual life, and theology is his attempt to give 
an account of religious experience in such form as will articu- 
late with the total rationalized content of his experience in 
general. But along with this irrepressible demand for intel- 
lectual consistency, and the need for a personal comfort result- 
ing from such equilibrium of the psychical life, men of faith 
have always desired to share their spiritual values with others. 
"Woe is me if I preach not the Gospel." 

Now preaching presupposes hearers, and hearing presup- 
poses understanding. The effort, therefore, to preach the Gospel 
in such terms as will attract, convince and convert others has 
ever been a fruitful source of new theologies. The evangelistic 
motive has perhaps been the chief factor in theological change, 
and the effectiveness of a theology in evangelism is ever its 
most decisive test. 

These two motives or interests are ever reacting upon and 
modifying each other. No vitally minded man can easily con- 
tinue to preach a theology which has lost its relation to his 
best thought and largest knowledge, Neither can that theology 
long satisfy his mind when once it has become impotent in the 
work of convincing and persuading men toward the religious 

An excellent example of theological response to the practical 
needs of the preaching art is seen in President De Witt Hyde's 
recent volume, "The Gospel of Goodwill" (Macmillan Co., 1916, 
cloth, 12mo, $1.50). 

The author has already in former books done much to popu- 
larize the social conception of theology, and now in the present 
volume he offers to the minister a most attractive and stimu- 
lating program of preaching. He approaches the problem in 
true evangelistic fashion by taking the point of view of the 
hearer. He inquires what are the interests which most deeply 
concern, and the forces which most profoundly move the men 
and women of our times. He analyzes some of the great secular 


scriptures of the day in order to find how the best interpreters 
and leaders of modern life understand the situation. Some of 
these are as follows: "The Servant in the House," "The Passing 
of the Third Floor Back," "Within Prison Walls" (Osborne), 
"An American Citizen" (Brooke), "How Belgium Saved Europe" 
(Sarolea), "The Battle with the Slum" (Riis), "The Everlasting 
Mercy," and "The Widow in the By-street" (Masefield). All 
these he finds are saturated with the "Christian Spirit of Good- 

President Hyde, therefore, presents and elaborates a view 
of Christianity in terms of goodwill — a thoroughly social con- 
ception and yet, as he shows, having as its necessary correlates 
the great ideals of a Personal Goodwill in whom the Universe 
subsists, and a personal immortality for all those who embody 
goodwill in character. 

The chapter headings are very suggestive: 
I. The Gospel of Goodwill: Christ's Expectation of Men. 

II. Falling Short of Goodwill: The Meanness of Sin. 

III. Restoration of Goodwill: Repentance and Forgiveness. 

IV. Goodwill in Secular Vocations: Service. 
V. The Cost of Goodwill: Sacrifice. 

VI. By-Products of Goodwill: The Christian Virtues. 
VII. Goodwill in Society: Reform. 
VIII. Fellowship in Goodwill: The 'Church. 

These are indeed messages for the times. I can conceive 
of nothing more worth while for the ministers of the Institute 
in their scheme of reading than to cover thoughtfully the field 
suggested by President Hydfe from the point of view he has 
outlined. It would mean a most vital and effective season's 
preaching I am sure. 


By Herbert Martin 
John Dewey's "Democracy and Education," from the Mac- 
millan press, is the one outstanding book of the year in its field. 
A thorough study of this volume with its twenty-six chapters 
during the coming winter evenings would yield a most valuable 
insight into the meaning and function of education. It will 
repay careful study. 


The author has a philosophy of life in which education finds 
its motive and setting. Education is not a thing apart. Train- 
ing for citizenship is achieved through identifying the school, 
its program and activities, wth actual life situations and prob- 
lems. Mental development and increasing capacity for adapta- 
tion to one's total environment are identical. "The self is not 
something ready-made, but something in continuous formation 
through choice of action." Knowledge is inseparable from 
conduct. The studies of the curriculum understood in their 
social significance possess moral value. "All education which 
develops power to share in social life is moral." The mental 
qualities of "open-mindedness, single-mindedness, sincerity, 
breadth of outlook, thoroughness, assumption of responsibility 
for developing the consequences of ideas which are accepted, 
are moral traits." The intellectual quality of morality is a most 
valuable emphasis. Morality, not as conformity to external pre- 
scription, but as the inner meaning of social relationships, Prof. 
Dewey would say, not only m.ay be taught, but is of the very 
essence of all genuine teaching and learning. 


By Robert E. Park 

Some of the most fundamental contributions to our knowl- 
edge of social life have been made by men who have not been 
professionally or professedly students of society. The explana- 
tion is simple enough. In the long run our knowledge of social 
life is based on our knowledge of human nature and, up to the 
present moment, our knowledge of human nature has not been 
reduced, in any large measure, to the formulas of a technical 

From this point of view it is not too much to say that one 
of the most important recent contributions to sociology is John 
Dewey's "Democracy and Education." Although published as 
one of a series of educational text-books, this is actually a 
philosophical treatise. It is a criticism of current educational 
theories; an application of a general philosophical point of view 
to a body of concrete ideas and practices. It serves, therefore, 
to illustrate a point of view as well as illuminate a subject 
matter. As a matter of fact, whosoever wants to understand 


the significance of philosophical pragmatism will do well to read 
this book. He will miss the technical terms, but he can not 
fail to profit by the insight that it offers. 

Philosophy, as William James once remarked, is 'very 
largely a matter of definitions and distinctions. It adds little 
or nothing to our positive knowledge, but contributes to our 
insights by the keenness of its analysis and the novelty of its 
interpretations. It is in this sense that "Democracy and Edu- 
cation" is a contribution to sociological literature. This might 
be expected from the fact that it is an attempt to define educa- 
tion as a social function like religion and government. It is 
in one of its aspects, at any rate, a form of social control. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 

When the thoughts of the average American turn to the 
problem of the Pacific, the first remark is apt to be, "Well, we 
must ultimately have war with Japan." So persistently has 
this idea been set forth in yellow journals, in the halls of Con- 
gress and elsewhere, that many accept it without question. It 
is therefore reassuring to read a volume which shows that the 
interests of Japan and the United States in the Pacific basin 
are mutual, and should not and probably cannot lead to a con- 
flict, which, if it came, would be "national suicide for Japan." 
This book is "Japanese Expansion and American Policies" (N. 
Y. Macmillan, 1916; viii, 267 pp.), by J. F. Abbott, who for 
fifteen years has bean a student of the Far East and was for a 
time instructor in the Imperial Japanese Naval Acdemy. 

The first three chapters of the volume give a brief summary 
of the history of Japan, showing especially the problems she 
had to meet and overcome in the struggle to free herself from 
treaties providing for extraterritoriality and limitation on the 
power of laying tariffs and to make herself recognized as one of 
leading powers. The friendly part vv^hich the United States 
played in this process and the social and diplomatic relations of 
the two countries are set forth. Other chapters follow upon 
which the main conclusion of the book is based. Here it is shown 
that Japan could not hope to manage the Philippines, even 
though she might possess them (chap. 4), The discussion of 

the economic evolution of Japan shows her to be in the transition 
from the agricultural stage to the industrial, with an increasing 
[leed of a field for the development of export trade (chap. 5). 
rhe growing population makes necessary emigration, but here 
the Japanese have to face the problem of the "Yellow Peril" 
in a "White Man's Country," on account of the attitude of Aus- 
tralia, British Columbia and the United States toward Japanese 
immigration (chap. 6). Despite the interests and international 
problms of Japan, however, the author can discover no great 
probability of war between Japan and the United States (chap. 

As a solution for the Eastern problem and our relations with 
Japan the author proposes an Asiatic Monroe Doctrine, which 
shall be recognized by the United States. The Japanese in seek- 
ing an outlet for their surplus population "find themselves ex- 
cluded from the greater part of the earth's surface and in the 
most likely quarter, confronted with rivals and powerful oppo- 
nents. To contend with the latter they must spend the bulk of 
their revenues for unproductive war machinery instead of put- 
ting them into profitable industrial machinery. This impov- 
erishes the people and necessitates huge foreign loans. It is a 
vicious circle and there seems to be no stopping place." "Is 
there a way out for Japan and the rest of the world? Will 
the nations ever learn that the attempt to grab everything in 
sight simply to prevent another from grabbing leads to com- 
plicated ruin ? We insist upon the Monroe Doctrine for Amer- 
ica. Why not for Japan in Asia?" "Korea is a part of Japan 
now and South Manchuria is under her control. Let us accept 
the situation." "Commercally, therefore, and from the stand- 
point of strict national selfishness, it is to our advantage to 
keep Europe out of East Asia, which involves the acceptance 
Df Japanese dominance in Far Eastern affairs. Every consid- 
eration points to a community of interest between America and 
Japan with reference to the development of China's trade." 

Central Church, Lebanon, Ind., A. L. Ward, minister, held its 
mnual meeting October 19. In the past nine months the church 
lias received 105 new members and given $1,135 for missionary 
and benevolent purposes. 


By W. C. Macdougall 

Pratt, in his "India and Its Faiths," very wisely calls atten- 
tion to the fact that there are "four possible sources of informa- 
tion" concerning India "that should be regarded with caution." 
(1) The Indian himself: one must not believe everything he 
states in praise of his own religion; (2) Western writers, who 
are ultra-sympathetic. Pratt has well said that: Miss Noble 
and Fielding Hall represent the best of this type and Mrs. Besant 
the worst; (3) certain missionaries of earnest but narrow- 
minded type. A decade ago the writer of these notes, who was 
then on the eve of setting out for India, was told by an earnest 
missionary of the above type and one who had spent some six- 
teen years in the land, that everything there "was of the devil" 
and consequently to be denounced; (4) the assertions of the 
superficial tourist, or non-missionary European resident in India. 

Should one follow the above classification in passing upon 
the books vmtten on the varied phases of Indian religious life 
it is probable, as stated by Pratt, that DuBois* "Hindu Manners. 
Customs," etc., is a good example of the non-sympathetic atti- 
tude (3). This pictures the dark side of Hindu life and it is al- 
most entirely relieved by any ray of the nobler. The picture 
is dark and it ought to be borne in mind that DuBois has given 
us first-hand information. His observations are limited by the 
fact that they were confined to South India and were made 
about a century ago. Then at the other extreme, as representa- 
tive of the ultra-sympathetic (2) Sister Nivedita (Miss Mar- 
garet Noble). "The Web of Indian Life" serves as a good ex- 
ample. She writes about "living in a Calcutta lane" where "the 
powers of the imagination revive." I have lived in some of those 
Calcutta lanes in the Turkish-bath-heat of July weather, as well 
as during the cooler months, but I found no revival of the imag- 
ination. That may be due to a deficiency in me. Be that as it 
may, I think it is patent to all who know anything about her 
writings that she, by way of contrast with DuBois, can see 
nothing but the bright in India's life. Furthermore, her writings 
deal almost exclusively with but one part of India, namely, 

One ought not to read one of these books without also giv- 
ing the other a careful perusal. But in case one's time is lim- 


ited it would be better to read Pratt's volume. Here is the most 
illuminating and best balanced criticism of conditions in In^lia 
that I have yet seen. It is rather an ambitious work with more 
than twenty chapters and 476 pages. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 
are the publishers. 

[Continued next month.] 


At 10:30 A. M., Wednesday, July 26, 1916, President Flickin- 
ger called the twentieth annual meeting of the Campbell Insti- 
tute to order and the opening prayer was offered by Dr. Burris 
A. Jenkins. At this opening session there were more members 
present than attended all the sessions together last year, twenty- 
five being the total. Among the letters from absentees were very 
interesting communications from T. F. Reavis of Buenos Aires, 
Guy W. Sarvis and Clarence H. Hamilton of Nanking, China. 
In the absence of Messrs. Burgess and McDaniel, the opening 
paper was read by Dr. Charles M. Sharpe. From that point on- 
ward the program moved smoothly through the three days, an 
increasing number being present at each session. Wednesday 
afternoon Dr. Ames and Prof. Parke read very interesting papers 
n"The Function of Thought in Religion" and "The Church in an 
Age of Enlightenment." Wednesday evening we had hoped to 
hear from P. J. Rice but in his absence we heard from Dr. Jen- 
kins whose name was on the original program but was dropped 
after he started for the Mexican Border with the Missouri 
troops. The medical examination excluded him from the army 
so we had the privilege of hearing from him on "The Recreations 
of a Minister." He was followed by C. C. Morrison on his South 
American trip. This was an open session which was attended by 
forty-seven people. 

Thursday dawned with no relief from the excessive heat which 
ruled throughout all the sessions. P. J. Rice had reached the 
sessions the night before too late to appear on the program so 
he presented his very interesting review of the Mexican troubles 
at the morning session. He was followed by Dr. Collins of 
Peoria, who presented a strong "Plea for a Closer Relation be- 
tween the Physician and the Minister." Some members expressed 
the hope that this paper may appear in print. G. D. Edwards 


then followed with the story of a Missouri church and its strug- 
gles "Through Anti-ism to a New Day." 

Thursday afternoon was the business session, probably the 
chief point of interest of the whole series. After the annual 
address of the President, the Secretary's report and the Treas- 
urer's reports were presented. The Editor reported a good year 
elsewhere in this issue.) The Editor reported an excellent year 
for the Bulletin. Dr. Sharpe, for the Committee on Resolu- 
tions, recommended that letters of sympathy and fellowship be 
sent to Dr. J. H. Garrison and to Dr. G. A. Peckham, the latter 
of whom had expected to be present at the meeting but was 
kept away by a serious operation. The same committee re- 
commended the celebration of October 19. The committee on 
Amendments to the Constitution presented an extensive report 
out of v/hich but three items were finally adopted, and these 
v/ere all amendments to the By-Laws. The only important 
change was in regard to dues from Associate members, as an- 
nounced elsewhere in this issue. The full constitution and by- 
laws as amended will be printed shortly. The report of the Com- 
mittee on Membership was presented and after long discussion 
the names presented were acted upon. These elections will be 
reported from time to time as the acceptances are received. 
The Committee on Nominations recommended the reelection of 
the present officers. This report was accepted and the officers 
declared elected by C. C. Morrison, who put the motion. Thus 
the officers for the new year are Roy C. Flickinger, President; 
Charles E. Underwood, Vice-President; Edward A. Henry, Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, and 0. F. Jordan, Editor. 

After a somewhat long but very interesting session, the meet- 
ing adjourned in a body to Jackson Park, where lunch was taken 
at the German building, after which the whole party, with some 
wives and friends, took a boat ride on the lake. 

It was rather late when the evening session was called to order 
on the church lav/n, whither seats had been moved from the 
church. The two papers of the evening were by W. D. Mac- 
Clintock on "Some Religious Values of Art," and H. F. Bums 
on "The Social Message of the Modern Drama." 

Friday morning current topics were taken up in the form of 
a paper by C G. Brelos on "The New Preparedness," and one 
by 0. B. Clark on "A Citizen Soldiery." After a somewhat heated 


liscussion, F. 0. Norton carried us back to academic thoughts 
through a paper on "Our Educational Conscience." Following 
bhis paper some items of business were presented. The most 
important was a report from the Committee on Institute Activ- 
ities. This report urged that the present activities of the Insti- 
tute be continued, that the present form of the Bulletin with 
Chambers be continued and that the Editorial Committee be in- 
structed to hasten the publication of the Memorial Volume ac- 
cording to plans already worked out. This report was adopted 
with a motion by P. J. Rice that the Secretary transmit to the 
committee a record of actions taken by the Institute in regard 
to the volume, and that the committee be requested to reconsider 
its plans in the light of discussion, but that it have full power 
to carry out whatever plan seemed wisest. 

The final session was called to order at 2:30 Friday afternoon. 
The chair announced the Editorial Committee: H. L. Willett, O. 
F. Jordan and Chas. M. Sharpe. Dr. Underwood then presented 
his paper on "The Kalevala Runes," followed by Dr. Parker on 
"Some Religious Values of Philosophy." J. H. Serena read the 
final paper on "Some Trials of a College President." The entire 
company then formed a circle, clasped hands and sang "Blessed 
be the Tie that Binds," after which the closing prayer was made 
by Dr. Ames. 

The members present at one or more of the sessions were 
Messrs .Ames, J. K. Arnot, E. J. Amot, Brelos, Buckner, Burk- 
hardt. Bums, Cannon, Carr, Clark, Collins, Cordell. Crowley, Ed- 
wards, Ewers, Flickinger, Gates, Handley, E. A. Henry, Hunter, 
Jenkins, Jensen, Jordan, Kirk, J. L. Lobingier, MacClintock, Mac- 
dougall, McQuarry, C. C. Morrison, H. T. Morrison, Norton, 
Park, Parker, Pritchard, Rice, Ritchey, Rounds, Rowlison, 
Serena, Sharpe, J. E. Smith, W. H. Smith, C. C. Taylor, Under- 
wood, Willett, Winn, Wolfe and Wood. 

In addition there were present several who were elected to 
membership during the sessions. 

Looked at as a whole, this meeting was by far the largest 
and best we have ever held. The attendance of members was 
48, as against 34 in 1914, which was the largest previous num- 
ber. Just one thing was unfortunate, the weather. But Chicago 
suffered no more than most of the rest of the country that week. 
The number and quality of the papers, the spirit and interest 


of the members, the richness of the fellowship, all that makes 
an Institute meeting memorable was there. We had hoped for 
larger numbers but sickness and death in several churches kept 
a number away and mid-summer revival meetings kept some 
others. Suffice it to say that all who were not there missed a 
rich spiritual fellowship. 


The Campbell Institute dinner held in Des Moines at the Cham- 
berlain Hotel, October 13, 1916, was an outstanding event, being 
the largest affair of its kind in the history of the Institute. 
The dinner was nicely served, there was a very tasty printed 
program provided by the generosity of our president, and every 
word spoken was of a hopeful character, the Institute being 
praised by all as a form of fellowship for our trained m.en. 
Ellsworth Faris spoke on the Campbell Institute Catechism, 
showing that the Institute has none of the evil designs attrib- 
uted to it, but only a constructive purpose of minisering to the 
scholarship and piety of its members. Underv/ood spoke on 
the Achievements of the Campbell Institute. Jordan said a word 
on the Responsibilities of the Campbell Institute Members in 
the Present World Crisis. Sharp spoke facetiously on the pros- 
pect of Peter Ainslie getting married. Morrison was facetiously 
introduced as a debater in a way that completely "flabbergasted" 
him. The Governor had spoken in the convention of the religious 
relics of another age in which he included religious debaters. 
Ewers said a word on Fellowship and Study. Graham Frank 
spoke optimistically of the future of the General Convention. 
Norton boasted of having in the Campbell Institute complete 
freedom of expression, and Martin, who followed, said he had 
that at home every day, thanks to his gracious wife. The ladies 
present enjoyed this passage of arms. Payne spoke on the larger 
vision. Jenkins told a funny storj'- of a Jew converted in a Billy 
Sunday meeting. Billicoff, the hero, will live in our memories 
a long time. Judge Henry spoke appreciatively of the fellow- 
ship of the Campbell Institute and praised the Bulletin. C. A. 
Young spoke on the progress he discovers among the Disciples 
on returning to the East. Ames spoke discriminatingly of the 
convention in session. Willett made a statement about the Di- 


vinity House. After a delightful session that lasted half way 
into the afternoon, E. M. Todd pronounced the benediction. The 
President, R. C. Flinkinger, had guided the meeting wisely and 
was a gracious presiding officer. Not one pessimistic note was 
struck. No one made light of Institute ideals and the old-time 
speeches about disbanding the Institute were conspicuously 

Members present, not previously mentioned, were Allen, Atkin- 
son, Blair, Campbell, Clark, Cole, Gentry, Goodnight, Grim, Hun- 
ter, E. D. Jones, Kirk, Marshall, McKee, McQueen, Morehouse, 
B. T. Morrison, Myers, Nichols, A. B. Philputt, Pritchard, Roth- 
ernburger, Rounds, Serena, W. H. Smith, Stauffer, Stubbs, 
Veatch, Wallace and Winders. Former members present were 
Golightly, J. C. Todd and C. A. Young. 

Besides these there were thirty others, wives of the members 
and invited guests, making 79 in all. 

The thanks of the Institute are due Sherman Kirk for arrang- 
ing so nicely for the luncheon. 


Article III, Section 2, of the by-laws was amended to read: 
"The annual fee of co-operating members and of associate mem- 
bers, after they have been out of school one year, shall be one 
dollar." Article III, Section 3, was amended by striking out the 
word "Associate" from the list of members who pay no dues. The 
cause of this action is evident. Most Associate members are in 
school. The Institute is glad to carry them on the mailing list 
of the Bulletin free and to continue so to do for one year after 
they leave school. After that it is hardly fair to other classes 
of members to carry Associates free. In fact, many Associate 
members who are holding pastorates have askeji to be allowed 
to pay their share of expenses. This is now made the rule for 

Frank Waller Allen reports that the Fellowship Movement 
in his church is starting off splendidly. The girls began with 
seventy-five enlisted. 

Alva W. Taylor made the Convocation address at Williams 
Woods College this fall. 



With the opening of a new year we need funds for the pub- 
lication of the Bulletin. The new members are paying as they 
accept. All other regular members who have not paid now owe 
$2.00 each, all Co-operative Members $1.00 each, and all Asso- 
ciate Members who are out of school more than one year $1.00 
each. All dues are payable in advance. Kindly remit promptly 
to Edward A. Kenry, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

There are no funds in the treasury to meet bills past due. There 
will be plenty of money for the year ivhen the members pay up. 


By Edward A. Henry 

Among the new members elected last summer, whose accept- 
ances have been received since we went to press the last time, 
are S. J. Carter of Milwauke.e, Wis., who is a prominent layman 
in the church there, and is connected with the Public Library; 
Louis N. Black, a book dealer, and Frederick A. Lind, a 
Chicago lawyer, both prominent laymen in the Irving Park 
church, of which W. G. Winn is pastor; and Thomas Xurtis Clark, 
whose poetry is familiar to all of us through the Century and 
the Evangelist. Mr. Clark is office editor of the Christian Cen- 
tury. We welcome all these new members into our midst, and 
assure them of opportunities to contribute to the solution of many 
important problems. 

The new membership address list, which is printed in this 
iss'ae, makes it hardly worth while to comment upon recent 
changes . It is urgently requested that each man see if his ad- 
dress is correct, and if not, that he notify the Secretary at once 
in order that our records may be kept as nearly perfect as pos- 
sible. All such changes will be properly noted in the Bulletin 
of next month. 

Charles S. Early, who resigned at Oskaloosa, la., some time 
ago, and has been conducting evangelistic meetings, has moved 
his family to Liberty, Mo., where it \vill reside in the future 
while the husband and father goes about the country evangeliz- 
ing. At present Mr. Earley is in a meeting at Martelle, Mo. 
His time is all engaged up to the holidays. 

W. Garnet Alcorn recently received news that one of his broth- 



;rs had been killed "somewhere in France." Our sympathies go 
)ut to Mr. Alcorn, along with the hope that this merciless slaugh- 
;er of the best blood of many nations may speedily come to an 

All who heard it or have seen it have been much interested in 
the splendid history of Disciples' Educational Work in Indiana, 
wrhich was the address of G. I. Hoover to the State Convention 
and which has been published in the Butler College Bulletin, 
rhose who have not seen it should drop a card to Butler and ask 
for a copy. 

Reports show that in his two years at Quincy, 111., W. D. 
Endres has received 150 persons into the church there. 

October 16 was the day chosen to celebrate the twenty-second 
anniversary of the organization of the Hyde Park Church in 
Chicago and the sixteenth anniversary of Dr. Ames* pastorate. 
On the previous Sunday sixteen people were received into the 
church. The reports presented at the meeting showed total re- 
ceipts of money for the year amounted to almost $6,600, of which 
$1,896 went for missionary and benevolent purposes. The fiscal 
year closed with all bills paid to date and a balance of $300 
in the current expense treasury and of $14 in the benevolent 
fund. Dr. Ames recently stated that he would never be satisfied 
until his church gives as much for missions and benevolences 
as it gives for current expenses. It may be interesting to re- 
mark that for many years no collection has been "taken" in this 
church. All pledges are secured by personal solicitation and all 
money is received either through the mails or through a collec- 
tion box in the lobby. 

First Church, Philadelphia, is prospering under the leadership 
of Irving H. Chenoweth. Sixteen thousand dollars has already 
been pledged toward a new building, which it is hoped will be 
started soon. For Sunday evenings this winter Mr. Chenoweth 
is planning a series of peace addresses by prominent speakers. 
Later a series on wage problems will be conducted in "open 
forum" style. 

After four years at Belton, Texas, E. C. Boynton has taken the 
Hyde Park Church in Austin, Texas, where he recently began 

Graham Frank is in a meeting in his own church at Liberty, 
Mo., with E. E. Violett as evangelist. At the close of this meet- 


ing, November 12, Mr. Frank at once begins r.nother meeting for 
Richard W. Wallace at Lexington, Mo. 

With the opening of the school year at Eureka, Verle W. Blair 
held a series of meetings on "Life Problems," each addressed by 
a different member of the college faculty. 

Baxter Waters seems to have been a delegate to the Grand 
Lodge ' of Missouri Masons, which met in St. Louis some time 

A. L. Ward of Lebanon, Ind., is chairman of a committee 
v.'hich is preparing for a Union Evangelistic Meeting in Leba- 
non. Some years since Mr. Ward held a sim.ilar position in 
Boulder, where he helped prpare for a "Billy Sunday" meeting. 

After some months at the Mexican border as a chaplain, Fred 
S. Nichols has resigned and returned to his church m Iowa City. 
Ellsworth Faris made the address of welcom.e at the reception 
held to celebrate his return. 

The work at Waukegan, 111., is prospering under the wise and 
aggressive leadership of W. C. Macdougall. Mr. Macdougall 
continues his vfork at the University of ChicagOj where he hopes 
to earn his doctorate a year hence. 

George A. Cam.pbell was elected First Vice-President of the 
General Convention for the coming yesr. E. M. Bov.Tnan of 
Chicago is Second Vice-President and J. iH. Goldner of Cleve- 
land is a member of the Executive 'Committee.. Graham Frank 
continues as Corresponding Secretary. 

The first year of F. F. Grim's pastorate at La-wTenceburg, 
Ky., has been marked by sixty additions to the church and re- 
newed vigor in all departments of the church life. The Sunday 
School has surpassed all records in its history. 

The Third Church in Philadelphia, which is served by Truman 
E. Winter, is carrying on a campaign to clear the debt on a fine 
nev-j- lot purchased in West Philadelphia. As soon as this is 
completed building plans will be taken up, and it is hoped that 
construction may begin in the late spring or early summer. 

The acceptance of Charles 0. Lee is just at hand. Mr. Lee was 
elected to regular membership at the meeting last summer. He 
is pastor of the church at Danville, Ind., a plant which furnishes 
its community with a full recreational and community center the 
year around. Mr. Lee is his owm church printer. 

The Chamber of Classical Languages is written this week 


oy Sherman Kirk. The Chamber editors all have the privilege 
af securing contributions from other members. In this way 
3very Cnamber might be represented each month, no matter how 
ousy the editors may be. The members of the Institute are read- 
ing the Bulletin with care and every writer may be sure of ap- 
preciative consideration of his offerings. 

L, P. Schooling of Standard, Alberta, Canada, sends in a 
postal note for two dollars and states that he does not know how 
ae stands but sends this for good measure. He thought of the 
mnual meeting at its time but could not be present. He says that 
tie feels somewhat isolated but for that very reason is the more 
mxious to receive the Bulletin and keep in touch with the mem- 
bers of the Institute. 

F. E. Davison of Spencer, Ind., is one of our new Associate 
Members, whose acceptance is recently at hand. We are inter- 
ested to notice in a copy of his church paper, which was enclosed, 
that a space is provided for "Baptist Notes." Evidently Mr. 
Davison is working at Christian friendship if not directly at 

Regular Members. 


Allen, Frank Waller, First Christian Church, Springfield, 111. 
Ames, E. S., 5722 Kimbark Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Armstrong, C. J., 1401 John Ave., Superior, Wis. 
Armstrong, H. C, 744 Dolphin St., Baltimore, Md. 
Atkins, Henry Pearce, Mexico, Mo, 

Atkinson, Milo, 1132 S. Wellington St., Memphis, Tenn. 
Baker, C. G., 41 N. Holmes Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Batman, Levi G., 1516 Florencedale Ave., Youngstown, Ohio. 
Blair, Verle W., Eureka, 111., 
Boynton, Edwin 0., Hyde Prk Ch., Austin, Tex. 
Brelos, C. G., 12042 Stewart ave., Chicago. 
Burgess, Henry G., Canton, Mo. 
Burkhardt, Carl A., Franklin, Ind. 
Burns, H. F., Oshkosh, Wis. 
Campbell, Geo. A., Hannibal, Mo. 
Chapman, A. L., Bozeman, Mont. i 


Chenoweth, Irving S., 1418 Euclid Ave., Philadelphia, Pa, 

Cole, A. L., Carthage, 111. • 

Corn, E. W., 310 N. Blakely St., Dunmore, Pa. 

Cree, Howard T., Augusta, Ga. 

Dabney, Vaughan, Box 102, Durham, N. H. 

Dailey, B. F., 279 S. Ritter Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Early, Chas. S.. Nevada, Mo. 

Endres, W. D., SlOVg Oak St., Quincy, 111. 

Ew^ers, J. R., 1301 Denniston ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Frank, Robert Graham, Liberty, Mo. 

Garvin, J. L., Cambridge City, Ind. 

Gentry, Pachard W., 802 E. Tenth St., Winfield, Kans. 

Givens, John P., Hoopeston, 111. 

Goldner, J. H., Euclid and Streator Aves., Cleveland, Ohio. j| 
Grim, F, F., Lawrenceburg, Ky. 

Hall, Maxwell, 2510 Logan Bid., Chicago 

Haushalter, W. M., East Orange, N. J. 

Henry, Edward A., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Hill, Harry G., 52 Irvington Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Hill, J. Sherman, Paola, Kans. 

Hoover, G. I., .5324 Julian Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Hotaling, Lewis R., State Line, Ind. 

Hunter, Austin, 2431 Flournoy St., Chicago, 111. 

Idleman, Finis S., 375 Central Park W., New York. 

Jenkins, Burris A., 2812 Charlotte St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Jones, Edgar DeWitt, 805 Front St., Bloomington, 111. 

Jordan, 0. F., 831 Washington St., Evanston, 111. 

Lee, Chas. O., Danville, Ind. 

Loken, H. J., 2324 Dv/ight Way, Berkeley, Cal. 

McCartney, J. H.. Modesto, Cal. 

McKee, John, Madelia, Minn, 

Maclachlan, H. D. C, Seventh St. Christian Church, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Marshall, Levi, Nevada, Mo. 

Moffett, Frank L., 604 Cherry St.. Springlield, Mo. 

Moffett, Geo. L., Pendleton, Ind. 

Moorman, E. E., 45 N. Dearborn St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Morgan, Leslie W., "Wringcliff." Priory Rd., Hornsey, London, 

Myers, J. P., 3028 Capitol Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 


Parvin, Ira L., 2224 Niagara ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Payne, Wallace 'C, College of Missions, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Philputt, Allan B., 505 N. Delaware St., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Philp-^^t, J^mes M., 142 W. Eighty-first St., New York, N. Y. 
Pike, Grant E., Lisbon, Ohio. 
Place, Alfred W., Bowling Green, Ohio. 
Keidenbach, Clarence, Miiford, Conn. 
Rice, Perry J., 1st Christian Ch., El Paso. Tex. 
Rothenburger, W. F., 4518 Franklin Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Rounds, Wo Iter S., Taylorville, 111. 
Rowlison, C. C, 919 Main St., La Crosse, Wis. 
Ryan, William D., 204 Breaden St., Youngstown, O, 
Schooling, L. P., Standard, Alberta, Canada. 
Shields, David H., 915 W. Walnut St., Kokomo, Ind. 
Smith, W. H., 203 E. Kirkwood Ave., Bloomington, Ind. 
Stewart, Geo. B., 74 W. 126th St., New York. 
Trusty, *Clay, 859 W. 30th St., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Van Arsdall, Geo. B., 541 Equitable Bldg., Denver, Colo. 
Waite, Claire L., 1339 Wahsatch Ave., ColoradoSprings, 

Ward, A. L., Lebanon, Ind. 
Waters, Baxter, Lathrop, Mo. 

Winders, C. H., 108 S. Ritter Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Winn, Walter G. 4323 N. Kedvale Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Winter, Truman E., 1102 S. Forty-sixth St., Philadelphia, Pa. 


Archer, J. Clark, 571 Orange St., New Haven, Conn. 

Boyer, E. E., Plymouth, Ind. 

Braden, Arthur, 1300 Mount Oread. Lawrence, Kans. 

Cannon, Lee E., Hiram, Ohio. 

Carr, W. L., 5722 Kenwood Ave., Chicago. 

Clark, 0. B., 1234 Thirty-second St., Des Moines, la. 

Coleman, C. B., 33 Downey Ave., Indianapolis. 

Compton, Jas. S., Eureka, 111. - 

Cory, C. E. Washington LTniversity, St. Louis, Mo. 

Deming, J. L., 169 Bishop St., New Haven Conn. 

Edwards, G. D., Bible College, Columbia, Mo. 

Eskridge, J. B., Weatherford, Okla. 

Paris, Ellsworth, Uni. of Iowa, Iowa City, la. 

Flickinger, Roy C, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. 


Garn, Herbert M., Canton, Mo. 
Garrison, W. E., Claremont, Cal. 
Gates, Errett, 5616 Kenwood Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Gibbs, Walter C, 515 S. Fifth St., Columbia, Mo. 
Gray, A. C, Eureka, 111. 

Guy, H. H., 2513 Hillegas ave., Berkeley, Cal. 
Hill, Roscoe R., Uni. of N. Mexico, Albuquerque, N. Mexico. 
HolmfeB, Arthur, Penn. State College, State CoUege, Pa. 
Hopkins, Louis A., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Howe, Thos. C, Butler College, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Howell, Wm. E,., Beckley Institute, Becliley, W. Va. 
Jewett, Frank L., 2009 University Ave., Austin, Texas. 
Jones, Silas, Eureka, 111. 

Kirk, Sherman, 2830 University Ave., Des Moines, la. 
Lockliart, Chas. A., Canton, Mo. 
Lockhart, Clinton, Fort Worth, Texas. 
Lumley, Fred E., College of Missions, Indianapolis, Ind. 
McClean, Lee D., 39 McLellan St., Brunswick, Me. 
McQuary, Rodney L., Eureka, 111. 
Martin, Herbert, Drake University, Des Moines, la. 
Morehouse, D. W., Drake University, Des Moines, la. 
■ Norton, F. 0., Drake University, Des Moines, la. 
Park, Robert E., Uni. of Chicago, Chicago. 
Pa^rker, W. A., Pomona College, Claremont, Cal. 
Peckham, Geo. A., Hiram, Ohio. 

Plum, H. G., University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. 
Pritchard, H. 0., Eureka, 111. 

Rainwater, Clarence E., 7301 Harvard Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Robison, H. B., Canton, Mo. 

Serena, Joseph A., William Woods College, Fulton, Mo. 
Sharpe, Chas. M., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Smith, J. E., Eureka, Illinois. 

Smith, Eaymond A., Atlantic Christian College, Wilson, N, C 
Talbert, E. L., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Taylor, Alva W., 708 Providence Road, Columbia, Mo. 
Taylor, Carl C, 207 S. Ninth St., Columbia, Mo. 
Todd. E. M., Canton, Mo. 

Trainum, W. H., Ohio Northern University, Ada, O. 
LTnderwood, Chas. E., Butler College, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Vannoy, Chas. A., Canton, Mo. 


Veatch, A. D., 1423 T-wenty-third St., Des Moines, la. : 

Vernier, C. G., 95 Bryant St., Palo Alto, Cal. , 

Willett, Herbert L., Uni\*^er8ity of Chicago, Chicago, 111. .; 


Grainger, 0. J., Mungeli, C. P., India. ' 

Hamilton, Qarence H., University of Nanking, Nanking, China. 

Sarvis, Guy W., University of Nanking, Nanking, China. ■ 


Amot, E. J., Ass'n Bldg., Adrian, Mich. \ 

Logan, Wellington M., Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Detroit, Mich. I 


Crowley, W. A., 120 M. D. Hall, Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Livengood, F. E., 405 Temple St., New Haven, Conn. ] 

Lobingier. J. Leslie, 68 M. D. Hall, Uni. of Chicago, Chicago, | 

MacDougall, W. C, .jSl.5 Drexel Ave., Chicago. j 

Ritchey, Chas. J., 6053 Ellis Ave., Chicago. i 



Clark, Thomas Curtis, 700 E. 40th St., Chicago. i 

Morrison, C. C, 706 E. Fiftieth place. Chicago, 111. | 

Honorary Members. j 

Breeden, H. 0., 10.38 St., Fresno, Cal. I 

Garrison, J. H., Claremont, Cal. i 

Haley, J. .J., Christian Colon}', Acampo, Cal. ; 

Lindsay, Nicholas Vachel, Springfield, 111. j 

Lobingier, Charles S., Shanghai, China. \ 

MacOlintock, W. D., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. j 

Powell, E. L., First Christian Church, Louisville, Ky. 1 

Associate Members. i 


Alcorn, W. Garnett, Hot Springs, Ark. i 

Amot, John K., 4904 W. Byron St., Chicago. j 

Buckner, C. C, Connellsville, Pa. ; 

Cartwright, Lin D., 202 W. Magnolia St., Ft. Collins, Colo. > 

Cordell, H. W., Gurnee, 111. ] 

Davidson, Frank E., Spencer, Ind. ] 

Dean, Tom, Jacksonville, Texas. j 

Goodnight, Cloyd, Uniontown, Pa. \ 

Handley, Royal L., Virden, 111. ] 

Jensen, Howard E., 6053 Ellis Ave., Chicago. ; 

Kilgour, Hugh B., 666 Euclid Ave., Toronto, Can. { 


McDaniel, Asa, Rensselaer, Ind. 

McQueen, A. R., 5322 Race St., Chicago. 

Nichols, Fred S., 1010 E. Washington St., Iowa City, Iowa. 

Pearce, Chas. A., Marion, Ohio. 

Stauffer, C. R., Box 2, Norwood, 0. 

Stubbs, John F., Plymouth, Ind. 

Swift, Charles H., Carthage, Mo. 

Wallace, Richard W., Lexington, Mo. 

Wolfe, J. E., 2825 Washington Bid., Chicago. 


Deming, Fred K., 1341 Twenty-eighth St., Des Moines, la. 
Moses, Jasper T., Pueblo, Colo. 
Wood, V. T., Canton, Mo. 


Reavis, T. F., Cramer 2654, Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 

South America. 

Co-operating Members. 
Black, Louis M., Book Dealer, 4128 N. 

Springfield ave., Chicago. 
Carter, S. J., Librarian, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Collins, C. U., Physician, 427 Jefferson Bldg.. Peoria, 111. 
Cowherd. Fletcher, Real Estate, 9th and Grand, Kansas City, Mo. 
Haile, E. M.. Real Estate. Kingman. Kan. 
Hawkins, O. A., Real Estate, Richmond Trust and Savings 

Bank, Richmond, Va. 
Henry, Judge Frederick A., 1320 Citizens Bldg., Cleveland, O. 
Hill, J. C, Real Estate. 311 Bryant Bldg.. Kansas City, Mo. 
Leach, Percy, Farmer, R. R. No. 2, Box 62, Hopkins, Minn. 
Lind, Frederick A., Lawyer, 4542 N. Keating Ave., Chicago. 
Lucas, Hardin, Teacher, 

Minor, William E., Surgeon, 10th and Oak, Kansas City, Mo. 
Morrison, Hugh T., Physician, Springfield, 111. 
Nourse, Rupert A., Manufacturer, 542 Frederick 

ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Throckmorton, C. W., Lav/yer, Traveler's Bldg., Richmond, 

Wakeley, Chas. R., Real Estate, 6029 Woodlavni 

ave., Chicago. 
Webb, A. G., Business Man, 1874 E. 82nd St., Cleveland, O. 

tampbell Sngtttute ^ulletm 



I have a friend of wealth untold; 

Her window views a field of gold 

And right before her open door 

A rose-bush thrives— though little more. 

A robin comes each shining day 
And helps her while the hours away; 
But more — within her four walls pent, 
She holds the jewel of content. 


Along the roadside of the days 

The fairest flowers grow 
Who haunt the sheltered garden plots 

No sweet surprise can know. 

How glad the hour when pilgriming, 

We tire of dust and clod, 
Then come upon a rare wild rose — 

A very gift from God ! 

— Thomas Curtis Clark. 

(,?• ^* ^* 



We often assume that the conservative man has convictions 
of such solid and enduring character that we could not expect 
him to compromise them. In making tiiis assumption, we com- 
pliment him. He takes his ideas seriously. But along with this 
is an assumption that a progressive thinker is not troubled vpith 
convictions which need to get in the road of "practical ends." Is 
not this assumption untrue? Are there not many Campbell In- 
stitute men, for instance, who have made great sacrifices for their 
convictions and will pay more when circumstances demand? 

There is every reason why a progressive thinker among the 
Disciples should take himself seriously. More than a million of 
people are gathered together in our group. They may nof be as 
cultured as Bostonians, nor as dignified as the Episcopalians, but 
they have proven themselves devoted to the cause of religion in 
their own way. Unwise leadership had directed them wrongly. 
They might have missed their manifest destiny. It is the privilege 
of trained and aware Disciples to help the group find itself again. 
In fifty years, the movement will not be run out, but may hope 
to see the accomplishment of its dreams. Is the saving of a 
great religious movement for useful social ends not big enough 
a task for the prophetic souls of our fellowship? 

Compromising our fundamental ideals for some immediate and 
practical end is showing the short-sightedness of the spendthrift. 
We believe in missions and benevolence and education, and we 
believe all of these causes must be fed by the religious idealism 
of our group. Our fundamental ideas are the support of all these. 
A hundred thousand dollars in a missionary treasury this year 
would not compensate us for the loss of our distinctive Disciple 
faith. We cherish unity and liberty and charity as spiritual atti- 
tudes and they have more foot-pounds of spiritual energy than 
does the wealth of all our millionaires put together. 

Our faithful secretary, E. A. Henry, has had a great joy come 
into his home in the birth of a son on November 21st, who is called 
John Gordon Henry. Everybody is well and the parents are occu- 
pied with the dreams which can come only to those who have 
heard the cry of their first child. We can wish for the new child 


of our Institute circle tlie dependableness, loyalty and efficiency 
of his father and grace and spiritual insight of his mother. In- 
stitute men who know are aware that to Mr. Henry belongs a 
large share of the present prosperity of our organization. 


The statement of the editor in the Xovember issue of the 
Bulletin about Dr. Abram Cory has been challenged by Mr. Cory 
in a letter sent to many of our members. We have every wish to 
treat Mr. Cory with fairness and even with generosity. Our state- 
ment rested upon the word of Institute men of the very highest 
standing and has been re-affimed by these men since we received 
Dr. Corey's letter. There is a mystery here which will require a 
little time to unravel. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 
I wonder how many members of the Institute are familiar with 
the more recent developments in the use of stereoscopic views as 
perfected by Underwood & Underwood of New York City? T}ie 
underlying principles of the stereoscope have, of course, been 
known for a long time and were embodied in a practicable form 
for popular use by Oliver Wendell Holmes as long ago as 1850. 
Improvements have now been made not only in the instrument 
and the photographic process but also (and chiefly) in the utiliza- 
tion of the system. For the collection of views from each of the 
more important countries there is now provided a guide book 
which .gives such remarks relative to each position as a living 
guide would utter. Realism is enhanced further by a set of maps 
for each volume on which the exact location of each scene is 
marked by angles. The apex shows the position of the spectator 
(/. e., of the camera) and the radiating lines his field of vision. 
The whole undoubtedly furnishes the most satisfactory substitute 
for actual autopsy. For some time I have used the Greek views 
as collateral "reading" in connection with my Greek art course. 
Last summer my family "visited" Italy in this way, using two or 
three stereographs each day. The Palestine series, also, has been 
R source of instruction and pleasure. The fact that the guice 


books are usually wi'itten, or at least edited, by men with some 
claim to special knowledge of the country involved and its an- 
tiquities adds much to tbeir value. For example, Professor 
Cliarles Foster Kent is one of tbe two authors of the guide for 
the Palestine tour. 

By Rodney L. McQuary 

Professor Peckham of Hiram College recently advised the writer 
to use as a text book "The History of the Hebrews," by Frank 
Knight Sanders, 1914 Scribners, 367 pp. Price, $1.00. 

The author needs no introduction to the Old Testament student. 
His literary and editorial work in the publication of Scribners' 
books is well known. He brings to this text book a clear literary 
style, an insight into the needs of young students of the Bible, 
and a wide knowledge of the field. 

The history covers the entire field of the History of Israel from 
the prehistoric period to the final dispersion in 135 A. D. It is 
abundantly supplied with maps and charts, and carries two valu- 
able appendixes — I, An Outline of Hebrew History; II, a Bibli- 
ography and Reading References. Extensive use is made of the 
Biblical material, and summaries appear throughout the book. At 
the end of each division carefully prepared questions for review 
give valuable assistance to the student. 

The book is designed to cover the work carried by a college class 
three hours per week throughout the year. The book is well 
adapted to the use of average college students. It does not. as do 
so many texts, overestimate the advancement of the college 
student along the lines of Biblical study. The text might well 
be used with the aid of a good, well-educated teacher in the ad- 
vanced classes of the Sunday School. 

The independence of the author is demonstrated in the literary 
olassification of the books under the following heads : Historical 
books, Prophetical books. Lyrical books, Stories, Legal books, 
Apocalyptical writings, Wisdom writings, Gospels, Pauline epistles, 
General epistles. 

The book is thoroughly and constructively modern. It preaches 
the gospel of the open mind, yet handles the material reverently 
and thoughtfully. 


By Chas. M. Sharpe 
Is Bernard Shaw a Christian? 

He says he is no more so than Pilate or any of the rest of us, 
and yet he would like to see Christianity really tried instead of 
the anti-Christian and Barabbasque thing which has won the 
Christian name for so many centuries. But does Bernard Shaw 
really know what Christianity is, and is his arraignment of his- 
torical Christianity justifiable? In the preface to his latest book 
of plays he uses 127 brilliant pages to present and defend the 
thesis that science, both natural and social, are vindicating the 
distinctive doctrines of Jesus, while the great mass of beliefs 
arising out of the religious imagination of the race, and the 
rationalizing activities of theologians from Paul down, are wholly 
incompatible with Jesus' prophetic message. 

The distinctive teaching of Jesus is summarized in four particu- 
lars : 

1. The Kingdom of Heaven is within you. Man is the Son of 
God ; and God is the Son of Man. God and man are in moral 
and spiritual solidaric unity. We are members one of another 
in very truth. 

2. Private property is wrong and should be thrown into the 
common stock. Work should be wholly dissociated from money 
payments. Get rid of concern for material things. You cannot 
serve the God within you and Mammon. 

9. .Judgment, punishment and revenge are all wrong. Love 
your neighbor as yourself; love your enemy. They are parts 
of yourself. 

4. Get rid of all such entanglements of kindred as will interfere 
with your devotion to the Kingdom of Heaven that is within you ; 
and in which there is neither marriage nor giving in marriage. 

This body of ethical and social teaching was contrary to the 
ruling spirit of Jesus' age, and was speedily overlaid by the 
Salvationist theology demanded by the religious imagination and 
supplied by the Pauline system. Jesus himself fell a victim to 
the religious obsessions of His times and from the incident of 
Peter's confession onward appropriated to himself all the Saviour- 
God ideas and accompaniments. The atonement theology of Paul 
fell in very naturally with human weakness, and has owed its 
vogue to the premium it places upon sin. But it has no com- 


munity with the distinctive thought of Jesus. "There has really 
never been a more monstrous imposition perpetrated than the 
imposition of the limitations of Paul's soul upon the soul of 

I call attention to this deliverance of Shaw in order to put this 
question : How is the pulpit going to avoid the public discussion 
of these themes when a literary genius of Shaw's quality is popu- 
larizing radical views in books that are read by practically every- 
body that reads at all? The preacher who imagines he can hide 
his head in the sand and ignore theological questions is living in 
a fool's Paradise. How many are prepared to deal competently 
with a criticism and interpretation like that of Shaw as it is 
sure to be met in the minds of increasing numbers of the most 

His work is crude and some of his mistakes are funny, but 
in the ensemble his arguments are telling. Critical weakness is 
balanced by literary interest and originality. But read for your- 
selves the Preface to "Androcles and the Lion," Brentanos, N. Y., 
1916. H-50 net. 


By Herbert Martin 
A Play Renaissance 

A new appreciation of an old instinct is seen in the growing 
literature of Play. The play impulse, once endured, is now 
esteemed. Play once tolerated in children and suspected in 
adults has become a necessity in all stages of life. In pessimistic 
moments we say that our age is amusement-mad. May it not be 
that we are work-mad, and that our amusement seeking is a re- 
action, a heightened protest of an outraged natural instinct? A 
play renaissance is upon us. Playground associations, civic and 
national ; ball parks and golf courses, public and private ; the 
Boy Scout movement, the awakening interest of the churches, the 
place of play in educational theory and practice, are signs of a 
renewed interest in play. 

The church has suffered loss in so far as it has failed to recog- 
nize that the play spirit is normal and to provide for its exercise 
under proper conditions. It is om* duty not only to serve God, 
but "to enjoy Him forever." The Catholic church has profited 


bj- regarding the play impulse as legitimate. Richard Cabot, in 
a worth-while book, "What Men Live By" (Houghton Mifflin Co., 
1914), assures us that play is natural and essential, that it is one 
with religion, that "absolute faithfulness, in work, in play, or in 
love, brings us into contact with God." Henry Atkinson, in "The 
Church and the People's Play" (Pilgrim Press, 1915), challenges 
the chui'ch as to its duty in providing for the expression and cul- 
tivation of the play impulse in its people. 

The wi'iter has long been interested in the value of play for 
educational ends. Play is not merely, as for Spencer, a safety- 
valve for surplus energy ; not, as for Groos, a means of prepara- 
tion for life's serious activities. This view, Cabot correctly says, 
is a blasphemy against the spirit of eternal youth. Nor is play, 
as for Stanley Hall, a remnant of racial life processes. Real play 
is an end in itself. Besides, its physiological, psychological, 
aesthetic, social and ethical values become obvious under slight 
reflection. Students of education will be interested in "Education 
Through Play," by Henry Curtis (MacMillan, 1915), and in "Play 
in Education," by Joseph Lee (MacMillan, 1915). 


The Treasurer wishes to thank those who responded to the 
call for funds in the last Bulletin. Almost enough came in to 
meet bills on hand but we must renew the call to cover the cost 
of this issue of the Bulletin. Each regular member who has not 
paid dues since July owes two dollars, each co-operating member 
owes one dollar and each associate who is more than one year out 
of school, one dollar. Prompt response to this call will help make 
Christmas merry for the printer and incidently save the expense 
of personal billing of each delinquent. 

Walter M. Haushalter of East Orange, N. J., also accepts reg- 
ular membership in the Institute. His church started full work 
October 11 in spite of the infantile paralysis situation, which has 
kept many churches and schools in New Jersey closed. East 
Orange has the scourge well under control. Durin^- October Mr. 
Haushalter preached a series of sermons on "The Culture of the 
Spiritual Life." 



By W. C ivIacdougall 
(Continued froui last, month) 
The author does not claim to be a Sanskritist, a missionary, 
or a devotee of Oriental cults. His preparation for the task has 
been in the study of general problems of psychology and phi- 
losophy of religion. The primary purpose of his visit to India 
was not to gather materials to write this book, but rather "to 
seek fresh light on the psychology of religion." Most readers 
will be grateful for the good turn the author's wife has done 
them in persuading her husband to give the public this ''Trav- 
eler's Record." which is alike scholarly and popular. 

Fis approach is psychological — a method which promises 
much in insights into and in appreciation of "alien cultures." 
Already we are beginning to reap the good fruits of such an 
approach. This method enables him to handle the great mass 
of material that he has worked over with such a freshness and 
insight that it seems almost ungracious to call attention to some 
inaccuracies and lapses from the psychological standpont, con- 
tained in this volume. The marvel is that there are not more, 
for in no other country are there so many religions, or such great 
contrasts. Hence, it is dangerous to make all-inclusive state- 
ments. At every turn one is compelled to make distinctions and 
qualifying statements. 

There are a few verbal inaccuracies such, for example, as 
Bhil. Wherever it occurs it is spelled "Bihl," the country of 
Gujerat is called "Gujerati." 

On page 464 he refers to moral conditions and states that 
prostitutes are indistinguishable in costume and street conduct 
from other women. This is certainly not true in Bengal or Cen- 
tral India. One can distinguish this class almost as far as as 
they can be seen. Again and again when passing through the 
streets of Calcutta and other even smaller cities I have seen 
women of this class from their customary point of vantage in* 
the second story parapet actually engaged in enticing young 
men walking in the street below. Moreover the moral and other 
conditions of village life in Bengal or central India at least are 
by no means as ideal as our author has pictured on page 466 and 
elsewhere. It is quite the ordinary thing in Bengal, v/hen it is 
wished to create a new village market in some particular new 

Bpot, to erect some mud huts wherein may dwell an extra supply 
of public women. The merchandise-carriers will be sure to halt 
there for the night ^nd thus the market takes its beginnings. 
I saw such a process in its early stages. Again when learing 
the Bengali language I was away out among the villages with 
an Indian evangelistic party about 200 miles north of Calcutta. 
I was new to India then and one evening as we returned from 
preaching I was walking a little in advance of the rest and hap- 
pened to start whistling a tune just as we drew near a village. 
Hastily the leader of the evangelistic group approached me and 
begged that I stop whistling, "for," said he, "whistling is the 
commonly recognized call of the wayfaring man to the village 
prostitute." Furthermore, my experiences among the villages 
in central India have been sufficiently similar to convince me 
that conditions there also are but little, if any better morally 
than in Bengal. I fear the moral conditions, pictured by the 
author, are something like Rousseau's "nature man": a figment 
of the imagination; either the imagination of the author, or of 
some other whose words the author has set down. 

On page 468, where reference is made to the Mohammedan 
at prayer, the writer has surely lapsed momentarily at least 
from his uniform psychological approach to the data he is hand- 
ling. If we Westerners had been brought up in a group-life 
similar to that of the average iMohammedan I have little doubt 
but what we could be as little self-conscious as he is about 
prayer in public. As it is, it is "quite impossible" for us be- 
caues of our social-group and its notions as to the nature and 
function of prayer. 

However, the above are but minor criticisms and ought not 
to blind our eyes to the fact that: here we have a volume that 
makes a distinct contribution, not only to our missionary litera- 
ture in general, but one also that leads us along a line of great 
new insights into the missionary propaganda such as are big 
with meaning for the future. 

The- poems on the front page were written by Thomas Curtis 
Clark. They are taken from a recent volume of poems by Chicago 
poets. This is but one of the many recent evidences of the appreci- 
ation of Mr. Clark's talent which is being shown. 



By Perry J. Rice 

Just seven years ago I came to El Paso to become pastor of tlie 
First Christian Ctiurch. Certain conditions made tlie beginning 
of my work very trying. El Paso is a southern city and I had 
been accustomed to the North. It is a border city and I had no 
knowledge of the Mexican people. It is a conservative city theo- 
logically, the southern chvirches predominating, and I had been 
suspected of heresy of the liberal type. In general appearance 
El Paso is the opposite of Minneapolis vphere I had lived for a 
number of years. It is surrounded by barren, rocky mountains 
and desert plains. The v^'aters of the Rio Grande are not blue 
like the waters in the beautiful lakes of the North, but a dirty 
yellow instead. 

The church to which I came was equipped with a very plaia 
substantial building, nearly new, located in the heart of the city, 
but with very meagre furnishings and facilities. There were ap- 
proximately three hundred resident members, but among those 
who were active were some very choice spirits, educated and re- 
fined people who had come to this country, for the most part, 
because of its delightful and health-restoring climate. I had 
not come for my health, unless it was my theological health, and 
I felt lonesome and somewhat humbled. 

Seven years have passed and I am "ompelled to say they have 
been among the happiest and most fruitful years of my life. 
Nothing remarkable has been achieved or attempted, but there has 
been a steady growth and a conscious development all along the 
line. We have grown with the city. We have two churches now 
instead of one and their combined membership totals about eight 
hundred. Our church building has been equipped with a fine 
pipe organ and pianos for each department of the school. Class 
room facilities have also been provided and it is being used to its 
full capacity. 

In a perfectly unforeseen way I have been conner'ted with our Mis- 
sionary operations in New Mexico and West Texas and have thus 
been afforded a fellowship and an opportunity' which no previous 
field had afforded. Wonderful material development is taking 
place in this city in all the surrounding country and I am happy 
to feel that I am permitted to be where things are in the making. 
El Paso is the metropolis of an immense territory, the vast re- 



sources of which are yet to be developed. It is good to feel that 
one can have some little part in shaping the social and religious 
life of such a situation. Peace will be restored in Mexico some 
day and when it is El Paso will be the gateway for an ever- 
increasing commerce between the two Republics. We are hoping 
that it may be also the entrance gate for those moral and spiritual 
forces which are necessary to make the Mexican people free, in- 

When I came I felt lonely and apart, but now I feel that I 
am at the hub of a new and rapidly developing empire. The 
place is not conspicuous, but it is important and worthy of all I 
have to give it. 

I have written thus not to make a report nor to exploit my 
own work, but to point a moral. Stay on the job. Find its oppor- 
tunities. They are present, however hidden. Most places are big 
enough for even a Campbell Institute man. The vision that most 
of us need is the ability to see the opportunities that lie right 
around about us. 


By Ellsworth Faris 

Dewey, John : "Democracy and Education," New York, The 
MacMillan Co., pp. 434, $1.40. 

I am very well aware that this book has been written about 
before, twice. Not once in many years would it be allowable to 
mention a book that had been noticed in two other chambers. 
But this is no ordinary book and I should be remiss did I not give 
it a place in the list of books on Philosophy and Psychology. It 
is pre-eminently the book of the year. It is cheap for the size 
of it, and no member ought to fail to read it. It belongs in the 
library of every thinker. 

The great problem of civilization and culture is the problem of 
its continuity and progress, the problem of education, and our 
view of education depends on our philosophy, nay, in very truth 
is our philosophy. 

I have read the whole book over twice, and parts of it many 
times. It is a masterpiece. The great hindrance to progress in 
a democracy is the ignorance of the people, who are the gov- 
ernors. If every member of your local schoolboard should read 


this book you would have small difficulty securing- support for 
progressive teachers. Every morning I meet a company of 
narrow-chested high-school boys all smoking cigarettes, in a 
community where teachers, parents, and law-makers are unani- 
mously oi)posed to the practice. Dewey has indicated, in his 
treatment of Interest and Discipline, in his doctrine of the self, 
in his setting forth of the democratic conception of education, 
his discussion of values, and in his chapter on the relation of the 
world and the individual, in these and kindred discussions he 
has laid down the principles which, if heeded, would make an end 
of the tragic failures which are. perhaps, more numerous in 
America than elsewhere. 

I have marked in my copy a large number of choice sentences 
and am greatly tempted to quote some of them here, but there is 
not space. There is much good psychology, logic, ethics here and 
I repeat that every member of the Institute owes it to himself to 
know it well. Order for your local library and speak of it to 
vour teachers. They will thank you. 

Thanks to the energetic .work and the liberal devotion of 
both time and money to the purpose on the part of President 
Flickinger, Founder's Day, October 19, 1916 wns one of the great 
days in Institute history. On that day the organization became 
exactly twenty years of age. A menu card with an original 
cartoon was prepared by President Flickinger far enough in 
advance so that copies of it were sent to all local chairmen. On 
the evening of the 19th he sent telegrams of congratulations to 
all the chairmen. Seventeen men sat down to dinner together at 
the City Club of Chicago. Hardly was the evening well started 
when a messenger boy brought a telegram announcing congratu- 
lations from fourteen gathered in Eureka. A few minutes later 
came "Greetings from all the Des IMoines clan" to be followed 
shortly by "Many happy returns" from Serena, Howe, Todd, Frank, 
Marshall, Edwards and Jenkins who were dining together in 
Kansas City. It was not possible to get returns from all the 
meetings in time for the November Bulletin so we have held the 
whole for this issue. 

The Eureka group met nt the homo of Silas Jones and in 

■ i 


dJilion to the fourteen present received greetings from Edgar 

leWitt Jones and Dr. Collins. For toasts slips were handed 

ut to each man with instructions to speak on a character whose 

;ime began with the letter written thereon. Blair led off with 

Cain," followed by Jones mth "Ananias," Pritehard with "Mark" 

nd so on until they had spelled out the name Campbell. The 

ilauce of the evening was spent swapping yarns and considering 

)me of the problems that confront the brotherhood in this hour. 

The Des Moines group met at the home of Sherman Kirk and 

umbered exactly the same as that at Eureka, namely, fourteen. 

Ts. Kirk served refreshments as all gathered about a log-fire 

arth. The ladies responded to a toast by expressing their 

easure in being "so closely related to the Campbell Institute." 

tie correspondent repoi'ts "It was a happy fellowship and all 

pressed great satisfaction in the breadth of touch and rich fel- 

wship of the large and growing company of kindred spirits." 

Burris Jenkins in reporting for Kansas City says "Owing to 

e presence of the Men and Millions team we had a very fair 

lebration of the birthday of the Campbell Institute. We 'are 

ve;i. We discussed the election, the war in Europe and peace 

the ranks of the Disciples." 

Four men, Nichols. Plum, Faris and Dr. Bywater, a guest, 
ned together at the Imperial Hotel in Town City and reported 
rich evening of fellowship. 

The Indianapolis men postponed their meeting to Monday, Oct. 
rd when eighteen men and women met together in Geiger's Tea 
3om for a delicious luncheon followed by social chats in the 
ice of the "Community Welfare League" of which Harry G. 
ill is president. Professor Underwood writes, "The members 
?re enthusiastic about the renewing of this fellowship and some 
ggested annual and some quart-^rly luncheons. The fine fel- 
wship was a marked feature of the evening." 

M. Philputt's absence from New York prevented him from 
ring for matters there as he had hoped but he remembered the 
te in Charlottesville, Va., where he was. J. C. Arthur tried 
locate the Institute men in New Haven without success so 
lebrated quietly in his own home. Some of the other cities 
ve not yet reported but all who have are unanimous in the 
light the occasion afforded. May we have many such cele- 
fitions in the future ! 


By Edward A. Henry 

Some new members whose acceptance came in just in time to ge 
their names in tlie membership list last month were too late foi 
us to include news notes of their acceptances. One such waj 
Maxwell Hall. Mr. Hall is a graduate of Transylvania with ar 
M. A. from Butler and a B. D. from Yale. He has spent several 
years in the pastorate and in city mission work. At present ht 
is General Financial Secretary of the Intercollegiate Prohibition 
Association. He accepts his election gladly. The delay was due 
to a failure to reach him on accomit of an insufficient address. 

Another such was Chas. H Swift of Carthage, Mo. He is a 
graduate of the University of Missouri and the Missouri Bible 
College. He was pastor at Centralia, Mo., from 101.3 to 1916 at 
Carthage, Mo., from April 1916. 

George A. Ragan of El Centro, Cal.. Avas a former member 
whose name fell by the wayside back in the days of the Scroll. 
Upon his application he has been reinstated as a co-operating 
member and joyfully enters the Institute fellowship once more 
determined to remain with us for all the time now. Mr. Rngau is 
a Hiram man. 

Hugh R. Davidson is another man whose first '■oiir-e of elect^'on 
was returned to the Secretary on account of incorrect address. 
After some delay the correct one was supplied and he accepted 
election at once. Mr. Davidson is a brother-in-law of Lee E. Can- 
non so very welcome to our midst. He is a graduate of Eureka 
with his friend S. T. B. from Harvard. Since his graduation he 
has been pastor of the Ridgewood Christian Church of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

A few additions and corrections should be made to the mem- 
bership list printed last month. Add : Davidson, Hugh R.. 676 
Onderdonk Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Change Vernier, C. G. from 
"95" to 951 Bryant St., Palo Alto, Cal. Change : Stauffer. C. R. 
from Norwood, O. to Box 2, Station H, Norwood Station, Cincin- 
natti, O. Change Wolfe, J. E. from 2825 to .3001 Washington 
Blvd., Chicago, 111. Add address: TAT:'as. Hardin, 25 .Jpft'erson 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Add Ragan. Geo. A. El Centi-o, Cal. 
Change : Philputt, James M.. from New York to Charlottesville 

Hardin Lucas escaped us for some time. He moved and 


otters to Mm were twice returned. Finally a relative furnished 
is address. Had we known in time he might have joined with 
dleman, Stewart, and Davidson in a New York celebration 
f Founder's day. Perhaps those four had better get together 
ow and have a postponed affair after which will at least get 
hem acquainted with each other. 
The Secretary cannot refrain from noting the fact that almost 
very letter he has received since the Des Moines convention 
as had some remark to make regarding the energy, tact and 
raciousncss of our President in conducting the luncheon during 
tie convention. President Flickinger is certainly the right man 
the right place. 

Clarence Reidenbach of Yales writes that he is still serving a 
ongregational Chui'ch at Milford, Conn., while he pursues his 
tudies toward a Ph. D. degree. During the past year he has 
lore than doubled the missionary giving of his church and added 
tiirty three new members. 
Geo. B. Stewart spoke on "World Citizenship," at a banquet 
iven Congressman William M. Calder in New York, October 30th. 
P. J. Rice is beginning his eighth year at El Paso with every 
rganization in his church working loyally for the coming of the 
ingdom. His anniversary sermon was on the topic "Being a 
astor in Times Like These." 

Fay E. Livengood of Yale University, in accepting his elec- 
on to regular membership in the Institute, announces that he 
as recently taken unto himself a wife. All members of the 
Qstitute join in congratulating him upon this happy event, and 
ust that she may some day accompany him to an Institute 
leeing so that we may meet her. Mr. Livengood informs us 
lat there are 32 Disciples at Yale this year, a larger representa- 
on than that of any other denomination. 

Anniversary Volume of the Campbell Institute 


ntroduction Herbert L. Willett 

Part I. The Disciples of Christ 
wo Decades of Disciple History E. L. Powell 


Doctrinal Progress among the Disciples ....... Chas. M. Sharpt 

Educational Progress among the Disciples .. Chas. Underwooc 
Part II. The Christian World 

Newer Phases of Christian Union James M. Philputi 

Religion and Socialism Frank Waller Aller 

The Church and Her Social Allies Allan B. Philputi 

Soical Solicitude and Political Reform Perry J. Ricf 

The Revival of Mysticism Herbert Martir 

Roman Catholic Modernism Errett Gates 

Progressive Protestantism Burris A. Jenkins 

Two Decades of Misionary History F. E. Lumlej 

The Statesmanship of Missions Charles Clayton MorrisoE 

Progress in Religious Journalism Orvis Fairlee Jordar 

The History of Preaching for Twenty Years.. John Ray Ewers 

Part III. Growth of Religious Values 
The Religious Value of Recent Literature. .. .Geo. A. Campbell 

The Religious Value of Science Arthur Holmes 

Developments in Philosophy aflfecting Religion.. W. A. Parker 

The Religious Value of Art W. D. MacClintock 

The Religious Values of Common Life W. E. Garrison 

The History of the Campbell Institute. . Edward Scribner Ames 
The Campbell Institute: Questions and Answers, 

Ellsworth Paris 


^ The Memorial volume will be published by the Institute itself. 
The book will be furnished to our publishing houses to sell on com- 
mission after our members are supplied. In order to start the prin- 
ters on the book, we wish to secure twelve Guarantors who will ad- 
vance twenty-five dollars each. As the money comes in from the 
sale of the books, checks will be mailed quarterly until the Guaran- 
tors are reimbursed. If at the end of two years the expense of 
printing and mailing the books has not been met, the Guarantors 
agree to accept books at list price to satisfy their claim. The Edi- 
torial committee promises to make every reasonable efTort to pub 
lish the book without money loss to the Guarantors and believes if 
can publish the book in such a way that the Guarantors will receive 
all their money back in cash. 

Campbell institute SSulletm 



It would be hard to imagine a character more different from the 
3'pical American than is Rabindranath Tagore who is visiting in 
his country at the present time. It is only very recently that his 
nerits as a philosopher and a literary man have come to the notice 
)f the English-speaking world. The last edition of the Encyclo- 
)edia Brittanica has not a word about him. He has been;award- 
d the Nobel prize for literature and since then his books have 
ome rapidly to the attention of the western world. 

Tagore challenges our western civilization and declares India 
las more real freedom than we have. He insists thai: our western 
rorld has grown up under the dominance of the city idea. The 
)uilding of city walls shutting out the rest of the world is symbol- 
c of the dualism which characterizes so much of our thinking. 
The man of India, on the other hand, has grown up in the forests 
md surrounded by nature. He has not felt himself cut off from 
lature and different from other living things, but seen everything 
is filled with the Divine Life. 

This Hindu philosopher idealizes India and is tempted to do the 
)ther thing with western civilization. The same incapacity which 
he American has for understanding the orient is mnnifest in Ta- 
;ore's inability to appreciate western civilization, though he is 
jracious enough to say that it is a good thing that not all the 
vorld has developed in the same way. He is identified with the 
Brahma Samaj which with only 4,000 adherents has become known 
ill over the world. It is a reformatory movement in Hinduism, 
low divided into three sects, which has resulted from the presence 
)f Christianity in that country. 

The presence of the Hindu sage in our country at this time is a 
nost wholesome influence. In the midst of our unprecedented 
>rosperity we need some one to show us the emptiness of our 
)o,s3eR3ions and to inspire us to acquire the true riches. 



By Perby J. Rice 
With many churches the fiscal year corre:>ponds to the calendar 
year, and where this is the case pastors and church hoards are 
busy wrestling with financial problems. There are deficits to be 
made up and budgets to be arranged. The real metal of pastors 
is often tested here as in few other places. 

I wonder if we conceive the church's mission in big enough 
terms. Church boards are likely to be conservative, sometimes 
small and stingy. They are inclined to estimate expenses on 
the basis of their own willingness, or perhaps unwillingness, tn 
give, rather than upon the basis of the importance of the work 
to be done. Rarely do they come of their own accord to venture 
upon big undertakings. But they are willing to be led. 

Only three men out of all the teeming millions; of the east 
saw the Star and followed it. The drag upon every church is 
the number of men in official positions who never have had any 
real vision of the task assigned the church. It is t'^e pa^stor's 
business to help them to see big things as possibilities and inspire 
them to action that is really heroic. It takes courage and tact 
to do this. He must not fret, nor complain, nor scold. He must 
himself conceive the church's task in terms of real greatness ana 
somehow must compel his people to see it thus. J 

No man is fit to be a pastor who cannot make men see visionsj 
and dream dreams. The other day I received a letter from one 
of our missionary pastors in New Mexico. The church he serves 
has been receiving aid from our State Board for a number of 
years and under his leadership has made splendid progress. H^^ 
feels that it should be self-sustaining and he v/rote : "'I am writini: 
out a declaration of independence and shall read it to the church 
next Sunday morning. I am hoping that the church will authorize 
the President of the Board to sign it." In that brief sentence 
I thought I saw the secret of that man's success. 

There are great numbers of churches that need to be led ti 
declare their independence, not from missionary assistance, but 
from bondage to littleness, to small and unworthy plans, and to 
utterly inadequate conceptions of the church's task. It is the pas- 
tor's duty to lead his men to see stars of promise until they come 
at last to lay down their gifts of "gold, frankincense and myrrh," 
not counting the cost. 


By Eoscoe R. Hill 

The Tigris-Euphrates valley, the birthplace of civilization, 
is today one of the prizes for which the warring nations are 
struggling. This fact alone would serve to turn our attention to 
the early history of that region. But in addition, one remembers 
that a portion of the early peoples of that valley were closely 
related to the Hebrews, the authors of the religion of western 
civilization. Professor Morris Jastrow, jr., in his Civ-iUsation of 
Babylonia and Assyria (Philadelphia. J. B. Lippincott, 1915; xxv, 
515), treats not only the history of the Tigris-Euphrates basin 
during the domination of these two empires, but also gives an 
account of the labors through which that history has been revealed 
to modern man. 

The first two chapters give the story of the work, accom- 
plished mainly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, of exca- 
vation of the ruins and remains and of deciphering the three types 
of cuneiform writing used by those ancient peoples. That dealing 
with the process of deciphering the unknown records is most fasci- 
nating. The lengthy third chapter is devoted to a survey of 
Babylonian and Assyrian history. The relation of the Sumerian 
(non-Semetic) and Semetic peoples, the rise and fall of the cities 
as centers of political power, the establishment and overthrow of 
the succeeding dynasties, revolts and invasions of the various 
kingdoms, wars and treaties, efforts at expansion and consoli- 
dation of territory, are the subjects which are treated. The 
mixed character of the civilization is an interesting fact which 
is emphasized. The remaining chapters treat the institutional 
side of Babylonian and Assyrian civilization and culture. This 
phase of the history is grouped under the following headings : 
The Gods of Babylonia and Assyria, The Cults and the Temples, 
Law and Commerce, Art, and Literature. To the writer the most 
interesting chapter was that dealing with the law. An extended 
analysis of the extant laws, together with detailed illustrations 
of their operation, is given. 

The volume is well written and is intensely interesting 
throughout. The illustrations are excellent and copious, giving a 
vivid idea as to how the history of these ancient peoples has been 
reconstructed. It is unfortunate that a bibliography was not 
appended, although the defect is somewhat remedied by the foot- 



By Roy C. Flickinger 

For several decades now every branch of study in school and 
college has been subjected to searching criticism. When mathe- 
matics and history have not escaped unscathed, it goes without 
saying that Greek and Latin have also been made objects of 
attack. That, under these conditions, about 50 per cent of the 
students in secondary schools still study Latin is no mean tribute 
to its intrinsic worth. Even Greek fares no worse than geology 
and psychology. The chief testimonial to these studies, however, 
lies in the fact that thousands of students, without regard to 
requirements or pressure of any kind, ac-tually enjoy them and 
a generation later urge them upon their children as both likable 
and profitable. 

In recent years this situaton has been taken advantage of at 
the University of Michigan, where a series of symposia on this 
value of classical studies in the training of doctors, engineers, 
lawyers, ministers, and men of affairs has aroused wide attention. 
The addresses at each symposium were printed every year, but 
all of them have now been reprinted, with some additional matter, 
by Prof. Kelsey in a volume entitled "Latin and Greek in American 
Education" (Macmillan Co.). I shall here confine myself to a 
paper by Mr. Merritt Starr of the Chicago Bar as presented at 
the Law Symposium. 

He grants that prospective lawyers need training in affairs 
and cannot get that training from the classics. But the con- 
tentious work of the lawyer consists of five positive and five 
negative operations, which he enumerates. These require training 
in judgment and knowledge of language, and with respect to them 
he concludes: "I believe that, next after the mother tongue, the 
study of the classics will best accomplish this result" (p. 124). 
After analyzing the processes employed in translating from the 
classics, he compares the value of this with that accruing from 
the study of mathematics, modern languages, science, and his- 
torical and philosophical studies respectively. He rates tliese as 
follows : Mother-tongue, classics, philosophy. 

I cannot refrain from one quotation : "The objection that 
the classics are uninteresting, hard, and dry, is put forth by the 
boy himself. We give this objection too much importance. To 
the lawyer this is an important element in their value. He must 


study uniuteresting old statutes, dry and ancient blue books, 
stupid, antiquated ordinances, and early black-letter precedents. 
Unless he can study alertly, patiently, and discriminatingly all 
these uninteresting, hard, and dry sources of the law, he will 
never reach the higher walk of his profession. For the average 
youth who aims to become a lawyer there is great need that he 
be given special training in the interpretation of documents which 
are uninteresting, hard, and d;:y. He will have no end of it to do 
in his profession. He should conquer this preliminary difficulty 
before he enters upon his work. And while hard work for hard 
work's sake is a solecism, hard work in something worth while, 
for the strength and skill to be gained thereby, is the essence of 
all disciplinary education. And this applies to the study of the 
classics by the would-be lawyer" (pp. 127f). There were five 
other addresses of similar tenor by men who are professionally 
interested in laAv and who had no personal motive for praising 
the classics except conviction. 


By Robert E. Park 

The death of Charles Booth, in his seventy-sixth year, brings 
to a close the career of a great man and an extraordinary person. 
The vision, the patience, and the moral courage necessary to 
complete his study of the London poor were those of a great man. 
The insight, the sympathy, scientific accuracy', sanity, and re- 
straint, with which he stated his conclusions marked him as a 
person of unusual individuality. 

Apropos to this, I have been reading General William Booth's 
"In Darkest England and the Way Out." It is more than thirty 
years since it was written and today the book sounds very quaint 
and old-fashioned. We have learned so much about the poverty 
and the slums of great cities since then. But I remember the 
surprise and the sensation which it caused when it was first 
published in 1S92. It was written after the publication of the 
first two volumes of Charles Booth's "Life and Labour in London." 
In fact, I suspect that the one was inspired by the other. What 
a contrast in the life and the work of the two men who wrote 
them: General William Booth, the slum preacher, the founder 
of the Salvation Army, and Charles Booth, the man of science. 


the statistician, and the patient, disinterested student of life and 
of men. 

Booth's "Life and Labour in London" is still a standard boob 
of reference and the materials it collected, though they no longer 
describe an actual situation, are still valuable sources for the 
study and understanding of city life. In fact, we are beginning 
to understand and appreciate these materials the more as we 
learn more about the problems, the processes and tendencies of 
our complex urban existence. 

This study was the first great survey of the social life of 
great cities. It took seventeen years of patient investigation and 
cost a fortune to produce. It remains, what its author desired 
it to be, a mere source book, without a moral or any very definite 

I can imagine what old. General Booth would have thoiaght 
of such a task and of a man who was content to devote a lifetime 
to picking up statistics, when there were so many empty stomachs 
to be filled and so many souls to be saved. And yet, I dare say, 
Charles Booth's book has had as great, if not greater, influence 
upon the conditions in East London than General Booth's Salva- 
tion Army. 

This is not meant to belittle the work of General Booth, nor 
of his book. "In Darkest England" advertised the world the 
conditions that Charles Booth studied and recorded. Both men. 
each in their way. have made their contribution to social progress. 
General Booth's book inaugurated for the Salvation Army a social 
program. It set millions of men to thinking about the problem 
of the slums who would never have heard of Charles Booth's 
studies. In a sense it may be said that "In Darkest England" 
fixes a date in the history of the Christian church. It seems at 
any rate to mark the period when the church began to substitute 
a social program for a formal creed. Incidentally, it is the creeds 
which have divided the church : it is the growing interest in a 
common program of social welfare that seems destined to unite it. 

H. J. Loken is leading in the organization of a community 
service in Berkeley, Cal., which a local paper describes as "a 
non-sectarian, democratic, popular, religious service of the people, 
for the people and by the people." The high school auditorium 
is being used for the purpose. 


By Chas. M. Sharpe 

A Guide to the Study of the Christian Religion: Edited by 
Gerald Birney Smith. Univei-sity of Chicago Press. November, 
1916. Pages viii— 751. $3.00 Net. 

It is with peculiar pleasure that I bring to the Institute this 
appreciation of one of the most notable theological publications 
ever issued from an American press. Many Campbell Institute 
men will have a deep personal interest in the volume, because 
the several contributors have been their instructors in the class 
room. Its perusal and study will, moreover, shed great light upon 
those voluminous class notes which were carefully filed away for 
subsequent review, and which are now as dark as though they 
were recorded in cuneiform. 

The title describes very clearly the nature and contents of 
the book. In former times such a volume would have been called 
a Theological Encyclopaedia or an Introduction to Theological 
Study. The new title is evidently chosen through motives of 
novelty, accuracy, and modesty. It has for its special purpose 
the description of the present situation in theological education. 
In fulfilling this purpose it brings up to date the information con- 
tained in the older theological disciplines, indicates the nature 
and content of newer phases of theological education ; and sets 
forth the new ideals and methods which have come to prevail. 
Surely the volume does for the student just what a guide would 
be expected to do. It acquaints him with correct and adequate 
methods of investigation ; warns him against false and inadequate 
ones ; places before him what is known in the various fields, or 
at least tells him where he may obtain such information ; and 
finally points out the various problems which yet await solution, 
explains their importance and indicates the direction in which 
solutions are to be most reasonably sought. Thus the book tells 
"where we are, where we are going, and how we hope to get 
there." I have been especially impressed by the extraordinarily 
frequent use of the interrogation mark throughout the volume, 
and without critical inquiry would almost state as a fact the 
University Press in composing the forms had to send out to the 
foundry repeatedly for a new supply of interrogations. More- 
over, this amazing inquisitiveness of the Guide is not the least 

64 . ., 

of its many merits. It illustrates Kant's saying, that "It is a 
great and necessary proof of wisdom and sagacity to know what 
questions may reasonably be asked. For if a question is absurd 
in itself and calls for an answer where there is no answer, it 
does not only throw disgrace upon the questioner, but often 
tempts an uncautious listener into absurd replies, thus presenting 
as the ancients said, 'the spectacle of one person milking a he- 
goat, and another holding a sieve.' " 

To emphasize this prominent feature of the volume, I find 
by actual count that Dr. J. M. P. Smith has enumerated , no less 
than forty problems in the study of the Old Testament and 
Religion of Israel upon which more or less light is still needed. 
Nor does he indicate that this exhausts the list. In fact he does 
not mention some questions that bulk large in the minds of cer- 
tain people. In the field of Systematic Theology Professor Gerald 
Birney Smith is equally open to information. In only one or 
two cases, judging by the absence of this overt .confession of 
ignorance, have these eminent specialists had their dubitative fac- 
ulty even approximately satiated. In these apparent exceptions 
the phenomenon of omission is due merely to another literary 
style, or the nature of the subject matter. It is not due to cogni- 
tive repletion. 

The order in which the several topics are treated is itself 
indicative of the conception of religion in accordance mth which 
theological education is at present organized in our leading sem- 
inaries. That religion is something integrally, bound- up with all 
the interests of life, and that its study is not .to be isolated from 
the liberal cultures is forcefully exhibited by President , Faunce 
in the opening chapter: "Preparation in College for the . Study 
of Theology." If the student in college tries to anticipate his 
theological studies and take strictly professional qourses, then in 
the divinity school he will have to turn about and seek the. funda- 
mental and liberal courses which hie should Iiave taken in college." 
He especially emphasizes the theological student's need of thor- 
ough college training in languages, science, history, psychology, 
social science, and philosophy. 

When it is proposed to study any given group or series of 
phenomena the first consideration is that of method. Accord- 
ingly chapter II is devoted to an elaborate and . comprehensive 
treatment of ''The Historical Study of Religion." This discus- 

ion comes from the experienced hands of Dean Shailer Mathews, 
s^hose almost ideal equipment fpr such a task would naturally 
result from his unusual academic career. It will be remem- 
Dered that Dean Mathews began his career as a historian, after- 
Hoards coming to the field of New Testament, and finally to that 
3f Historical and Comparative Theology. 

After giving an account of the Historical Method in General, 
Professor Mathews goes into the actual history of religion, the 
ilevelopment of religious doctrines through the successive stages 
of mythology, philosophy, and theology. He presents in some 
detail the theory that theological doctrines are the product of 
the social mind. A series of social minds during the several 
centuries of the Christian era have given rise to a series of dom- 
inant theological doctrines, or even systems. 

The Historical Method and Conception of Religion recognizes 
the relative validity and importance of the several genetic stages 
of any given development. Accordingly the next six chapters of 
the Guide are devoted to the treatment of the usual topics : Old 
Testament, New Testament, Early Christian History (Post- 
Apostolic Age), The Development of the Catholic Church, The 
Protestant Reformation, and Modern Christianity. 

The chapter on the Old Testament and the Religion of Israel 
is a moc'^el of scientific precision, condensation and completeness. 
Its spirit is seen in such statements as this : "The function of criti- 
cism is appreciation, not depreciation," and this : "Intelligent 
ajipreciation springs only from full and exact knowledge of things 
as they are." The value of the Old Testament for present day 
theology is thus appraised : "The Old Testament's value for theol- 
ogy lies in the fact that it is the record of an especially illum- 
inating section of the religious history of our race, find theology 
mny not ignore any phase of human experience from the begin- 
ning of human history." The progressive character of Old Testa- 
ment religion is thus ' emphasized : "The Old Testament worthies 
valued the past for what it had to teach them about God and 
about life; but they never regarded it as being the repository 
of all knowledge' or the complete guide book for all time to come. 
Their attitude, indeed, was quite the reverse ; it was one of 
expectation, anticipation, hope. They did hot attempt to open 
"the future's golden portals with the' past's blood-rusted key." 
(Continued next month.) 




By Ellsworth Faris 

Rc^adiug the president's address in the Bulletin oi: another 
association of national scope, has given me a suggestion which 
I should like to propose for the consideration of the membership 
of the Campbell Institute. 

In stating that all business had been carried on by cor- 
respondence during the year, the address went on to say that 
"this shows that we may and must expect to conduct our business 
by correspondence." "Some associations have been ineifective by 
failing to recognize this, and by tidying to accomplish their work 
at brief and expensive personal meetings. Let us recognize frankly 
that a national association can and must transact an active busi- 
ness by the mails. Most persons do not yet believe this. I want 
them to understand that they are looking backwards." And 
further : "The parliamentary methods handed down to us presup- 
pose a personal meeting. What remains to be developed in modern 
organizations is a sound system of deliberation and vote by mail, 
adapting the traditional methods to the newer conditions. How, 
for example, shall an amendmeut be proposed and voted upon by 
mail? How shall the pros and cons be debated? It is a question 
of devising a new method, meet for the times." 

It seems to me that a moment's reflection will be sufficient 
to bring to mind the truth of the above considerations with refer- 
ence to the problem of the business of the Campbell Institute. 
It was organized by a small company of men who could meet 
conveniently from time to time. It has grown to a body not only 
national but international in character, its membership being 
actually on three continents. The business of the Institute is 
carried on at the annual meeting at which a quorum never meets 
nor is ever even expected. In recent years, if twenty-five men 
were present even for part of the time, it was held to be a fair 
attendance, while thirty-five is counted very good. At the business 
session very important questions of policy are settled, new mem- 
bers are elected or rejected, the officers for the new year chosen, 
by the members who happen to be present at the appointed time. 
They have frequently been settled when no more than a dozen 
were present. This means that seven men are a majority and have 
control, and that nine men are a two-thirds majority, and can 


meud the constitution. The constitution mentions no quorum. 

The whole trouble is with the "parliamentary methods handed 
[own to us." The men in Chicago have given of their time and 
inergy, not because they wished to dominate the Institute, but 
)ecause there was no one else to do it. At the same time, it is 
ot good for the Institute to be dominated or controlled, how- 
ver benevolently or wisely, by Chicago or any other influence, 
believe that men like Dr. Ames and Dr. Willett have literally 
laved the Institute from destruction and no one intelligent enough 
o be in the Institute will understand that I am objecting to any 
Lction in the past. But I do think it is time for iis to make use 
>f the new parliamentary methods that are evolving for a genu- 
nely democratic participation in the affairs of a national asso- 
riation by all the members of that association. 

The Bulletin is an instrument at hand in which, with prac- 
ically no additional expense, notices and ruled forms for voting 
;ould be printed to be detached by the voter and mailed. The 
)tticers of the association could be voted for by all the members. 
>ome national associations employ a nominating ballot and follow 
his with a second ballot in which the names receiving the highest 
otes are again voted for. The executive committee could be voted 
'or by all. Constitutional amendments should be proposed in the 
iulletin and voted for by the membership. Even new members 
ihouid be approved by the whole constituency. One association 
lad the plan of publishing the names, after they have been 
;hecked by the committee to see that the persons nominated are 
ligible lor membership. Any member is entitled to object to 
luy name. Those whose names call out no objection after the 
apse of one month are declared elected. We can elect new mem- 
jers only once a year. They should be elected at any time of 
:he year. 

The details might require to be varied, but I think the matter 
night well receive consideration and some amendments offered at 
:he next annual meeting that will make the Institute truly 
iemocratic. I feel sure many members would more highly value 
;heir membership if there were some part, however slight, to 
perform, apart from the payment of dues. 

W. D. Ryan of Youngstown, Ohio, was operated upon for 
ippendieitis recently. He is making a good recovery. 


By W. C. Macdougall 

Herewith is presented a selected bibliography for general 
reading in the Indian field : 

I. The Country : Geology, Geography. Peoples, Languages, 

AND Population 
Imperial Oazetteer of India (new edition). Vol. I, chaps. 1-7, 9; 
Holdich : India; Rislej: The Peoples and Problems of India; and 
a small but admirably written book in the Home University Lib., 
by Holderness, which gives one the gist of what is offered in 
extenso in the other volumes. There is also another valuable 
little volume on The Peoples of India, by Anderson, which is in 
the Cambridge Manuals of vScience and Literature series. 
II. The History 

a. For the Ancient Period the work of Vincent Smith : The 
Early Hist, of India. 3rd Edition, is the standard work and is 
likely to remain so for some time to come. His is the work of a 
scholar. He is especially particular in citing his sources. By 
way of contrast stands the earlier three-volume work of R. C. 
Dutt, who mingled a good deal of fiction with his facts. There 
is a small work by Eapson. covering this ancient period, which 
is also valuable. 

b. For the Medaeval Period, which coincides generally with 
the period of Mohammedan dominion in India, Lane-Poole, in 
the "Story of the Nations" series, and the corresponding chapters 
in Elphinstoue's monumental History of India give one the best 
description of the conquests and conditions. 

c. The Modern period is such a vast one in its data and also.' 
in its varying problems that one must needs have recourse to 
histories of particular sections and peoples of India, or to the 
brief, but illuminating summaries in Vol. II of the Imperial 
Gazetteer of India (New Edition), which traces the history down 
to the Partition of Bengal. 1905. 

III. Literature 
A. Macdonneirs Hist, of Saiicrit Literature is the best in Eng- 
lish, especially for the Vedic period. Two-thirds of his volume 
is concerned with this particular period. Eraser, however, in his 
Literary Hist, of India, contains a better treatment than Macdon- 
nell for the later periods. Vol. II of the Imperial Gazetteer con- 



ains valuable chapters by Macdonnell and Grierson on Sancrit and 
Vernacular literature. A valuable bibUograpliy is api)ended to 
ach of these chapters. E. Reed's Hindu Literature, and Horwitz's 
'hort Hist, of Indian Literature are two brief, but rather unsat- 
sfactory treatments of the material. To those who are at home 
a German the really first rank treatment of the material is that 
lone by Winteruitz in his Geschichte der indischen Litteratur. 
?hree volumes have already appeared treating respectively : the 
^edic period, the Epic and Puranas. and the Buddhist literature. 
Vhen the fourth and concluding volume appears it will un- 
loubtedly become the standard work on the subject. 
(Continued next month.) 

By Edward A. Henry 

The Secretary wishes to thank those members who, in the 
oidst of the Christmas rush, remembered to send in their dues 
or the current fiscal year which is now half over. It is hoped 
hat many others will mail checks during January. This will be 
he last notice in the Bulletin. Individual bills will come next. 
'tart the new year right. 

In a letter accomi>anying his check for dues, W. H. Trainum 
ells us that he enjoyed a splendid late summer motor trip through 
iVest Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland into old Virginia. 
3e misses the summer meeting with the fellows but feels that 
he Bulletin helps to keep him in touch. 

Several of the dissociate members who have been out of school 
nore than a year have remitted one dollar each with expressions 
)f pleasure that they are permitted to bear their share of the 
?xpenses of the organization. 

H. B. Robison sends his cheek with news that Christian 
[Jniversity now has the largest enrollment of any year since 
tie has been there. The college library which was begun last 
October is proving very helpful. 

C. J. Armstrong sends his check and word that during the 
State Association of Congi-egationalists of Wisconsin he enjoyed 
a fine reunion with Rowlison, Burns and Chas. Wilson. He adds, 
"Not one of us regrets the step we have taken. Best of all, not 
one of us feels that any barrier has come between us and the 


C. I. men and their type among Disciples." 

From E. L. Talbert we are in receipt of a check for dues 
and an announcement of the arrival on Nov. 15 of Mary Lynn 
Talbert. This is "Baby No. 2" in his home. We extend hearti- 
est congratulations. 

Which reminds ns that Editor Jordan's note in the last Bul- 
letin has brought a perfect shower of congratulations upon the 
Secretary. He finds it quite impossible to thank each one per- 
sonally so takes advantage of this opportunity to thank all. He 
trusts that in about twenty years John Gordon Henry may be an 
applicant for Associate Membership in the Institute. He certainly 
will if he is a "chip off the old block" and everyone says he 
looks as if he were. 

C. L. Waite sends his dues vath word that the eight months 
of his work in Colorado Springs have resulted in seventy addi- 
tions to the church and all its work seems in fine condition. 

The day after we went to press the last time we received 
a card from Sherman Hill that, with Mrs. Hill assisting, he 
had just closed a meeting at Paola, Kan., with one hundred addi- 
tions. Mrs. Hill does considerable pulpit work. 

The Secretary is in receipt of a pamphlet entitled "United 
States Court for China. Deceixnial Anniversary Brochiu'e. Far 
Eastern American Bar Association Publications. Volume I." It 
is hardly necessary to add that it was sent by Judge Lobingier. 
It contains a history of the United States Court for China, the 
program of the centennial anniversary exercises, all speeches 
and addresses delivered, copies of all press notices of the occa- 
sion, a list of those present and a list of members of the Far 
Eastern Bar Association. The Secretary will be glad to loan, 
the pamphlet to anyone who would be interested in seeing it. 
It tells a fascinating story. Judge Lobingier is the third judge 
of this court. 

Another pamphlet at hand is "The Development of an Edu- 
cational Conscience Among the Disciples." An address by Dr. 
Herbert Martin before the Des Moines convention. It is printed 
as No. 5 of Vol. 20 of the Drake University Bulletin. All of our 
men would enjoy reading it. Copies may be had from the Uni- 

Upon Dec. 11 C. S. Earley closed a meeting at Clinton, 111., 
with sixty-seven additions, mostly by confession. He began at 



Eldorado, Kans., on December 31. 

R. W. Gientry recently closed a meeting in his church with 
lerbert Yeuell as evangelist. The meetings were very success- 
'ul, yielding confessions at every service and closing with all 
lebts paid. Mr. Gentry speaks of Mr. Yeuell in the highest terms. 

C. H. Winders raised the final $G,000 and dedicated a $20,000 
;hurch at Bowling Green, Mo., on November 26. There were thir- 
;een additions during these services. He continued to preach 
or two weeks following. 

H. O. Breeden led a meeting in Pomona, Cal., preparatory to 
m effort to raise $30,000 indebtedness on November 19. At the 
norning service he raised $24,000 and considerably increased the 
imount in the evening. 

Dr. Ames has been writing a series of letters during the 
lutumn which he has read instead of sermons. One of the first 
vas "To a Business Man." Others have been "To a College Man," 
'To a College Woman," "To God" and on Christmas Sunday "To 
lesus." His New Year's Sunday subject was a "A Letter to 
?'ather Time." These letters have excited considerable interest. 
3ne was published in the local church paper. 

The University of Nanking opened this fall with a consid- 
irable increase in the size of the student body. Guy W. Sarvis 
s Dean and Clarence H. Hamilton, Professor of Philosophy, in 
the University. The students come from more widely separated 
Jarts of the country than ever before so that the spirit of the 
school is penetrating deeper and deeper into the life of the nation. 

Ten of the twelve Guarantors for the forthcoming anniversary 
volume of the C^impbell Institute have been secured and these 
are already sending in their checks. It is believed that the 
remiainiug two will be secured at an early date. The book is now 
etting a thorough overhauling in committee and it is hoped that 
the typesetting may start very soon. We are hopeful of a very 
favorable sale for the book and a cordial reception of it by the 

Graham Frank held a meeting in his own church at Liberty 
with E. E. Violett as evangelist about a month ago and succeeded 
in clearing his church of all debt. Then he went to Lexington, 
Mo., and assisted R. W. Wallace in a meeting. 

W. Garnet Alcorn was the preacher at the community Christ- 
mns service in Hot Springs. Ark. 


O. F. Jordan is loaning- liis personal books to members of* 
his church. Each weekly calendar carries three titles which are 
offered for loans. 

Mexico, Mo., is looking forward to even greater things under the 
leadership of Henry Pierce Atkins who recently came here from 
Birmingham, Ala. More than 800 people were present to welcome 
him on his first Sunday. 

James M. Philputt has accepted the pastorate of the church at 
Charlottesville, Ya. He \^^.ll remain there for the winter months 
and possibly longer. 

A. W. Taylor has become County Superintendent of Boone 
Co., Mo., — this in addition to his other work. He is working 
to increase the missionary giving of the country as a whole. 

Herbert L. Willett was recently elected President of the Church 
Federation Council of Chicago where he succeeds Melbourne P. 

H. O. Breeden is in charge of a week's meeting at Pomona, Cal. 
where he hopes to refund a heavy building debt. 

V. T. Wood has taken the pastorate of the Rush Hill. Mo.. Com- 
munity Church in which are memliers from several denominations. 
He finds the people very happy and hopeful. 

H. D. C. Maclachlan and the Seventh Church of Richmond, Va., 
recently returned to a redecorated church house raid celebrated 
the occasion by introducing the new Disciples Hymnal published 
by the Christian Century Co. Dr. Ames also introduced these 
Hymnals on November 12th and they are being very much enjoyed. 
"Go thou and do likewise." 

Yachel Lindsay recited from his own poems to a very large 
audience in Mandel Hall at the University of Chicago on Nov. 28. 
He was assisted by a dancer of skill and grace. The reading was 
under the auspices of the Senior Class in the University. 

Ira L. Parvin is rejoicing over a $300 raise in salary recently 
voted him by the church at Niagra Falls where he ministers. 

Dr. Collins in sending in his dues writes of his continuing in- 
terest in the Institute and its ideals. 

Evanston church. Chicago, of which O. F. Jordan is pastor, re- 
ports 35 additions for 1916, net gain of 25. There were nice gains 
in church and Sunday School attendance and there was no deficit. 
Hugh R. Davidson closed his work in Brooklyn with the 
year. He is now located in Eureka, 111. Please make this change 
in your address list. 

Campbell institute 55ulletin 


Red helpless little things will come to birth, 

And hear the whistles going down the line, 

And grow up strong and go about the earth, 

And have much happier times than yours- and mine; 

And some day one of them will get a sign, 

And talk to folk, and put an end to sin, 

And then God's blessed kingdom will begin. 

God dropped a spark down into everyone, 

And if we find and fan it to a blaze 

It'll spring up and glow, like — like the sun. 

And Ught the wandering out of stony ways. 

God warms his hands at men's heart when he prays, 

And hght of prayer is spreading heart to heart; 

It'll light all where it now it lights a part. 

And God who gave His mercies takes His mercies, 
And God who gives be'ginning gives the end. 
I dread my death ; but it's the end of curses, 
A rest for broken things too broke to mend. 
Captain Christ, our blessed Lord and Friend, 
We are two wandered sinners in the mire, 
Burn our dead hearts with love out of Thy fire. 

Masefield, in The Widow of Bye Street. 



Why do some souls in the Disciple fellowship think they ought 
to despise Campbell Institute men ? The other day a young man 
from an eastern school was told, "Don't join the Campbell Insti- 
tute. I don't care what you think, so long as you keep clear of 
that bunch." Such prejudice must rest upon some other 
than original sin. 

Sometimes we maj^ have laid ourselves open to such misunder- 
standing. Some of us seem pedantic to the men outside the fel- 
lowship. It is possible for learning to live for its own sake. Even 
worse, there is a kind of learning which makes a vain show of it- 
self. Once we caricatured the man who insisted on interlarding 
his speech with Latin. It is possible to use philosophy, or sociology 
or any other good thing in a pedantic way. 

Then men of learning may develop an aristocracy of letters. 
Learning and culture have their missionary aspects. The relatively 
few men who have secured the best training have something to 
give the world. Their ministry can never be rendered in seclusion. 
The truly modern man of learning delights in everj^ kind of social 
contact that will help in disseminating modern ideas. 

Is it true that educated men are impractical ? Some of us were 
not very practical when we came out of the schools and went on 
our jobs. We insist now that the most practical thing in all the 
world for a man with large responsibilities to possess is good train- 
ing. Sometimes trained men allovv' their idealism to carry them 
too far in advance o^ the crowd. It will not do for leaders to de- 
spise the every-day realities which the big world still regards as 
important facts. 

How is prejudice removed, such as we have described ? If the 
men who have sought true learning prove themselves true com- 
panions to their brethren in the ministry, if they show themselves 
willing to carry heavy burdens in the common cause, if they de- 
monstrate a loyalty to the great Disciple movement which is note- 
worthj'-, they will go far to make the Campbell Institute fellowship 
come into appreciation everywhere. Above all, there should be no 
suspicion of their religious genuineness. Theta is the central let- 
ter of our motto. We all know that it stands for God. 


Cincinnati, Ohio, January 24, 1917. 
'o the Editor of the Campbell Institute Bulletin: 
)ear Brother : 

In re the recent publication in the Campbell Institute Bulletin 
s to my trying to keep Dr. Ames from preaching at Des Moines, 
How me to say in the very beginning that as far as I am con- 
erned the charge is absolutely false. I did not see a list of 
hose who were to preach on Sunday and made no suggestions 
the Committee except to implore Mr. Cole and Mr. Bigelow 
relieve Mr. Miller who for personal reasons had to leave on 
Saturday. For me to take such an attitude toward the work of 
he Pulpit Supply Committee would be impossible. I was not a 
Qember of any committee at Des Moines and made no suggestions 
^'hatever as to the work of any of the Committees except as it 
ouched our own sessions. 

I say again that I did not by word or inference suggest, 
equest, intimate or otherwise indicate that Dr. Ames or anyone 
slse should or should not preach except in the case of Mr. Miller 
IS indicated alwve. 

The only other connection I had with the Pulpit Supply Com- 
aittee was to try to get them to withdraw the reading at our 
Lfternoon session on Friday, of a list of names of people who 
vere requested to call for their mail. More than twenty other 
mnoixncements had been handed up and we were trying to 
'liminate them all. The members of the Committee were insistent 
in(^ I pointed out to them that a number on the list were not in 
ittendanre at the Convention and was ur.ging them to seek the 
>thers privately — whether Dr. Ames was one of those whom I 
bought was not present, (for I cid not see him until Sunday 
lfternoon) I do not know for I do not remember a single name 
)u the list. The only case in point was whether or not a list 
;hould be read requesting that a group of men call for their mail. 
[t was finally put up to Dr. Medbury and at his request it was 
read in its entirety. I cannot believe that you or anyone could 
nake the above statement on the incident just quoted, for it is 
30 far removed from the above that in my judgment it could not 
36 the basis of your article. 

You point out Dr. Herbert Martin as the source of your rumor. 
[ have the highest respect for Dr. Martin and believe he would 


not intentionally harm me. I quote from his letter under date of 

January 8th : 

"In reply to your two letters of December may I relate my 
experience in the matter. 

"I think it was Friday morning of Convention week that the 
Pulpit Supply Committee was summoned to an eleven o'clock meet- 
ing. On arriving there Brother Cole, Chairman, said to me that 
Brother Ames would not speak Sunday. I answered that I saw 
him only an hour ago and that he was then planning to preach 
according to appointment. Well, Brother Cole said, Brother Cory 
was just in and in looking over the list drew a pencil through 
Brother Ames' name saying he would not preach. Immediately I 
sought Ames to verify the report. I met Prof. Clark, also mem- 
ber of the committee. He and I both went among the people in 
Coliseum looking for Ames. Clark sometime later saw Ames and 
was assured by him that he would preach. Speaking later with 
Cole about the matter he said, 'I do not know why Brother Cory 
would do that.' I said I could not understand it either. 

"This is all I know about the matter. I am willing to stand for 
these statements. I have not had time to have them confirmed 
by Brother Cole, but no doubt he would do so. I have no desire to 
thrust him or me into any controversy over the matter. The 
above paragraph is but a plain statement of the facts in the case 
as I had to do with them. I confess that for you to assume such 
a role was a very great surprise to me." 

You will notice that he said Mr. Cole said : "I do not know 
why Brother Cory would do that." Then it was Dr. Martin's 
duty and yours to find out from me before this matter was pub- 
lished. The only possible basis for Mr. Cole's statement was the 
incident related above, from which, no such conclusions as you 
have drawn could be made legitimately. 

In order that there be no question on this matter I am quoting 
also from a letter from Mr. Bigelow (assistant pastor in Univer- 
sity Place Church. Ed.). He says under date of December 6th:. 

"Tour letter of November 20th written from Spokane, Wash., 
is at hand. I cannot tell you how sorry I am concerning this 
whole affair. And frankly I want to say that I can heartily 
endorse all that you said in your reply written to the editor of the 
CanipT)ell Institute Bulletin. For my part, I cannot understand 
where such rumors as these originated. The list of preachers who 

?^ere to supply the pulpits of Des Moines was in my care a good 
lart of the time. I might say all of the time. And when not in 
ay care Brother W. C. Cole had it. I was talking with him yes- 
erday. And Brother Cory, you can be assured of this fact that 
he rumor did not come from us. Furthermore, when I had the 
Lst no one except the committee saw it. And Brother Cole says 
hat it was never altered while in his care." 

"With this statement of mine and Mr. Bigelow's and the state- 
aent from Mr. Cole included, I ask that you fully retract or pub- 
Lsb the above in its entirety. 

Very truly. 

A. E. Cory. 

Though requiring an unusual amount of space, the statement of 
)r. Abram Cory has been given without abridgement that he 
light have a fair opportunity to state his case to members of the 
nstitute. I am much more happy to believe that my statement 
Q the November Bulletin is in error than to believe it correct. It 
ras published at the time from a sense of duty and not from any 
desire to harm Dr. Cory with whom I have always sustained 
riendly relations. I now recognize that the statement did not 
est on adequate foundation. How the report originated is yet an 
msolved problem, but probably does not need to concern the 
nstitute further. I will only say (what is perhaps not necessary 
"or me to say) that I have unbounded confidence in the careful 
udgment of such men as Dr. Martin and Prof. Clark, as well as 
Q the integrity of Dr. Cory. O. F. Jordan. 

J. H. Golduer has completed seventeen years at Kuclid Ave., 
Cleveland, Ohio. He began with 400 members in a frame building, 
le has now a plant worth well toward $150,000 and 1,200 mem- 
>ers. During 1916 he received 156 new members into the church. 
Che budget amounted to $17,780, of which $5,250.22 went for mis- 
ions. This church supports seven missionaries on the home and 
oreign fields. 

The Lebanon, Ind., church, A. L. Ward, minister, reports a 
ecord breaking year with 206 additions to the church, a mission- 
.ry offering of $1,5.80 and a Sunday School enrollment of 700. 



By Lee E. Cannon 

To those who know the work of Dr. Crothers, The Pleasuret 
of an Absentee Landlord (Houghton, Mifflin, 1916, $1.25) needs no 
recommendation. This collection of familiar essays is full of gen- 
ial humor and kindly wisdom. The title essay emphasizes the 
need of more perspective in our lives and advises absentee land- 
lordism and "a little place in the past" to which we can retire. 
To be "in residence" on our job continually is narrowing. In 
"Protective Coloring in Education" several keen shafts are sent at 
some of our educational practices and problems. To my mind, 
the most sparkling thing in the book is "A Literary Clinic," a 
study of the therapeutical value of literature. As our old friend 
Baxter says, "A book may be a stimulant or a sedative or an 
irritant or a soporific." "The function of a literary critic is not 
to pass judgment on a book, but to diagnose the condition of the 
person who has read it." Each essay is a new delight. 

In Saint's Legends (Houghton, Mifflin, 1916, $1.50) Professor 
Gerould has given in relatively little space a considerable amount 
of information. These old stories are very interesting reading, 
and offer a suggestive commentary on the human imagination. 
The frequent reference to them in literature, and the treatment 
of them in art make this background study quite helpful. After 
two chapters on definition and use, and another on origins and 
propagation, the author traces the type down through English lit- 
erature. "The modern world has much to learn from the veritable 
lives of the saints, as they are revealed through critical scholar- 
ship and it could find things of profit to civilization even in the 
legends that have grown up about their lives." A selective biblio- 
graphy is added. 

Franke's Personality in German Literature Before Luther 
(Harvard U. Press, 1916, $1.00) traces the development of indi- 
viduality in early German literature. In the medieval drama, in 
the writings of the mystics, in Erasmus or elsewhere, there is a 
decided tendency toward democratic individualism. The entire 
work is an "implicit criticism" of Burckhardt's theory that the 
Italian Renaissance first led to the "discovery of man." The book 
is not for the student of German alone. It is an able discussion 
of growth of personality in a great people, a personality which- 
will. the author hopes — and so do we — survive to new spiritual 

attainments, after the present "purging of whatever may be left 
of weakness or littleness or false conceit" in it. 


ByHerbert Martin 
In this day of educational supervision, of surveys, of tests of 
varying kinds, to ascertain an institution's or an individual's effec- 
tiveness, it is only fair that the preacher, as teacher, should be 
allowed to appraise his social contribution. What shall the cri- 
terion be? Sometimes it is popularity -within or without the con- 
p-egation, or numbers added or attending, or offerings, or the 
?phirring of church enginery, or the number of church papers 
aken, or the measure of peace within the local Zion. None of 
hese are now in mind. In terms of education the test here sug- 
gested is rather the type of mind developed and nurtui-ed by the 
ninister as preacher and teacher. Anyone who has ministered to 
congregation for five years or more must have made some dif- 
erence there. He is rightly responsible for their valuations, 
ittitudes and outlook. Or, to turn the matter about, the prevail- 
note. the dominant ideas of the constituency fairly reflect the 
ocal elements in the minister's consciousness. 

The employment of this test will prove helpful in two ways. 
Applied retrospectively it is revealing. If no difference is seen as 
result of his tenure then the preacher makes no difference. He 
s not a creative worker. If deeper insights, wider horizons and 
TOrthier appreciations appear, he sees himself a contributor to 
uman life and progres:.. Applied prospectively this ci-iterion will 
urnish a program with definition and purpose, ■will lead to 
oherency of effort on the part of the minister, and will yield in 
is people newer conceptions of duty and larger visions of truth. 
his people he must ever be a revealer ; in them he is ever being 

The criterion : What progress have I made in shaping the 
linking of my people? What attitude of mind is theirs toward 
uth? Do they face forward or backward? Have I merely re- 
stablished them in the old irrespective of the world's progress, 
r have they been lead to believe in and to welcome the possibility 
C new discoveries in the realm of the spirit? May the preacher 
) prove himself. 
(To be followed next month by a criterion for the teacher.) 


By W. C. Macdougall 

(Continued from last month.) 
lY. Religions 

Earth's work on The Religions of India, while in some respects 
antiquated, still remains the best single treatment of the subject. 
Hopkins, in a similar work, has much valuable material, but it 
is wretchedly assembled and organized. G. F. Moore's History- 
of Religion, contains exceedingly clear cut chapters on the sub- 
jects relating to India (chaps. 11-14). The above writers, how- 
ever, practically ignore the significance of the Puranic period in 
moulding the religious life of modern Hinduism. This latter peri- 
od is as important as it is difiicult for the understanding of Hin- 
duism. It is a vast and, as yet, a practically uncultivated field. 
Until this vast array of data is handled by critical scholars we 
shall be compelled to remain ignorant, or uncertain regarding 
many important matters. As yet there are comparatively few 
scholars at work in this field. The special books on Hinduism 
and Buddhism are legion. Farquhar's Primer of Hinduism" (last 
edition), presents an elementary, yet exceedingly lucid and val- 
uable study of this religion, in its historical setting. Dr. Far- 
quhar's selections from the sources, his graphic diagrams, and 
full bibliography are additional valuable features of his work. 
Hackmann's "Buddhism i'.s a Religion" is perhaps the best treat- 
ment of the latter religion from the historical point of view 
issued in English. 

Y. Philosophy 

There is at present no really satisfactory treatment of Indian 
philosophy as a whole in English. Max Muller in his Six Systems 
is very diffuse with no sense of proportion. The best treatment 
is in French by Altremare. Banerjea, a convert of Alex. Duff's, 
has written Dialogues on Hindu Philosophy, which is very good. 
YI. India's Religious Reaction to the Impact of Westebn 
Life and Thought 

Altogether aside from the numerical success which has 
attended the Christian missionary propaganda it has been a 
powerful means of stimulating new religious forces and effect- 
ing profound changes in the religious outlook of the educated 
classes. These reforming and defensive indigenous religious move- 
ments have received effective and lucid treatment in a recent 


5vork by Dr. P^'arquhar on Modern Religious Reform Movements 
in India. Chapter lY contains the best resume of the facts con- 
cerning the Theosophical movement that it has been the writer's 
pleasure to read. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 

Russia, the great European-Asiatic empire, has ever been half 
oriental, half occidental. This dual characteristic has tended to 
retard progress and has made the country a mystery to the western 
QQind. Today Russia is fighiting for a freer contact with western 
Europe. The result must be a greater democratization of Russia, 
IS well as of the other belligerent countries. Even now there are 
vidences of the changing era, although too high hopes must not be 
ntertained that all evidences of despotism will disappear immedi- 
itely. Just the other day news came that the Duma had dictated 
:he resignation of the premier and the appointment of his sncceasor 

the first time in Russian history. This was soon followed by the 
nformation that the Czar, taking things again into his own hands, 
aad made a new appointment without consulting the Duma, and 
that the ministry had announced its intention to proceed along the 
old autocratic line in the endeavor to carry the war to a success- 
'ul conclusion. Today Russia is perhaps the most interesting of the 
n^arring nations. 

A number of interesting articles regarding Russia are to be found 
in the January number of the New York Times Current History 
(which by the way is the most interesting magazine devoted entire- 
ly to the European war). Stephen Graham in his Russia and the 
World (New York, Macmillan, 1915; xi, 305), has given an interest- 
ing picture of the conditions in Russia at the outbreak of the war. 
The author is an inveterate English pedestrian, who has tramped 
from the western borders of Russia to Russian Central Asia. In 
his book he endeavors to interpret the feeling, religious and politi- 
cal, of the Russians, especiallj^ the peasant class. Much attention 
is given to Russian colonization and expansion in Asia. In addition 
there is a consideration of the world problems of Russia and Great 

C. C. Morrison spent a week in Kansas City recently. The Century 
is making good growth in subscriptions these days. 

Edited by Roy C. Flickinuer 

The American public school system is being rapidly made over 
from the old accidental grouping of eight elementary grades, fol- 
lowed by four high school grades, into a system in which the break 
occurs at the end of the sixth grade and leaves six years for the 
high school. The most satisfactory plan for providing for the 
work of the upper six years seems to be a further division into a 
three-year "junior high school" followed by a three-year "senior 
high school." 

In this new system pupils at the age of twelve, instead of at 
the age of fourteen, are offered differentiated courses and in gen- 
eral given the type of departmental instruction and the less re- 
stricted environment to be found in the high school. Educators 
are convinced that the physiological and mental needs of the 
pupils are better met by making the change at the beginning of 
the seventh grade, rather than postponing it until the ninth grade. 

The organization of the junior high school with its separate 
building and special corps of teachers is the step which logically 
follows the providing of departmental instruction in the seventh 
and eighth grades, as has been done for some years in many of 
the best public school systems of the country. 

Wherever the junior high schools have been organized, or 
where the department system has been adopted, one or more so- 
called high school subjects are usually added to the courses of- 
fered below the ninth grade. Latin, German and algebra are the 
subjects most commonly added to the curriculum. A committee 
of the Classical Association of the Middle West and South found 
that Latin was being offered in a part or the whole of the public 
school systems of nearly a hundred American cities, as well as in 
a great many private schools. Nearly all of these schools are 
organized on the 6-plus-6, or 6-plus-3-plus-3, or 7-plus-4 basis, or 
had well organized departmental instruction in the seventh and 
eighth grades. 

Latin teachers who have taught classes in these lower grades 
are enthusiastic about the results obtained. Some of the reasons 
given are : The younger pupils more easily acquire pronuncia- 
tion, vocabulary, forms, and the "knack" of translating and writ- 
ing Latin ; they learn more English grammar, via the Latin than 
they are likely to learn in the classes in formal English grammar ; 

tiey are more responsive than the older pupils and are less 
fraid of making mistakes, and profit more by oral instruction ; 
lany pupils who would otherwise drop out of school are held by 
n interest in the new type of school work and carried on to the 
igher grades; more pupils are "exposed" to the subject, and in 
aese days of commercialism and over-emphasis on "practical" sub- 
sets, the classicist realizes that the more boys and girls he can 
expose" to the humanities, and the earlier he can do it, the bet- 
er it will be for the men and women of the future. 

W. L. Oaeb. 


By Perry J. Rice 

There is no department of the church's life that is of more 
ital interest to the modern pastor than that of education. Of 
le making of many books dealing with the subject there seems 
> be no end. The catalogues of all the publishing houses that are 
utting out religious literature at all present lists of books in 
lis general field that fairly stagger one. Some of them, many 
C them indeed pastors will want to buy and read for their own 
ikes, and some of them they will want to pass on to the workers 
1 their church school. 

For some time I have devoted a section of my own library to 
le books of the character mentioned and have furnished lists of 
lese books to the teachers and workers in our school, offering to 
jan them for certain periods of time. Numbers of people have 
vailed themselves of this opportunity. I have also suggested 
ooks for reading and discussion in departmental group meetings 
'ith good results. 

Recently the school itself has begun the collection of books 
seating of the various phases of religious education for the use 
f those f>ugaged in that department of work. The other day the 
jllowing volumes were added to the collection : Religious Edu- 
ition in the Family, Cope; Story of the New Testament, Good- 
peed; Gh'aded Social Service for the Sunday Schools, Hutchins; 
'he Sunday School Building and Its Equipment, Evans ; The City 
nstitute for Religious Teachers, Athern. 

The problem of circulating these books and getting them read 

not easy of solution, but if the matter is kept continuously be- 


fore the teachers and occasional reviews are presented in group 
meetings, and perhaps from the pulpit they will gradually get out 
into the hands of those most interested, and later to a wider circle 
of readers. 

There is no short cut, easy method of training voluntary teach- 
ers, but no pastor can afford to be indifferent to the problem. The 
high standards of efBeiency which are being set for us by spe- 
cialists in this 'field compel us to be alert and active. If we are 
ever to supplant the old methods of evangelism by the quieter and 
saner method of education we shall have to give ourselves •with 
patience and perseverance to the development of groups of work- 
ers in our churches that shall be informed not only as to methods 
and material but as to the significance of the new program. 

By Robert E. Park 

Sociologists and others are constantly finding new applications 
of the social survey. A few months ago I read an interesting lit- 
tle book, entitled My Larger Parish. It is an account of the way 
in which one enterprising pastor in a rural community started 
out to solve the problem of the rural church. This solution was 
based upon a survey of a rather unique sort. This man started 
out, as I recall it, one bright morning for a tramp across the coun- 
try. On the way he stopped and talked in a human, neighborly 
way with the first man he met. They talked about indifferent 
things at first, the weather and the crops, politics and the condi- 
tions of the roads. In the course of their conversation, however, 
they came naturally upon some of the deeper and more intimate 
problems of life. They soon got upon a footing of genuine inti- 
macy. There are very few men or women of mature years who 
do not have something they would like to talk about, something 
they need to talk about with some one who can look at the matter 
from a wider viewpoint and in a more impersonal manner than 
they are able to do. A friendly and sympathetic stranger, in such 
a circumstance, comes as a sort of providence and conversation 
with such a one is a relief. It brings peace of mind, and affords 
just that sort of comfort that we very properly describe as a 

After this conversation our pastor tramped on. meeting other 


ersons along the road or in the fields. With each he shared a 
riendly greeting and if opportunity offered he stopped and talked, 
t noon he stopped at a farmer's house and had dinner. At night 
e found shelter in the nearest home that was hospitable enough 

take him in. After a day, sometimes two or three days, he 
^turned home. There he jotted down some notes on his travels, 
luch, no doubt, he carried merely in his memory. But he had the 
ames of the people he met. He had learned the names of the 
imily and more than that he had gained a glimpse into the inti- 
lacy of the family life. He knew where life was still sweet and 
'esh and wholesome. He had learned, in other cases, something 

what it was in the condition of the family or the relations of 
s members, that was poisoning the sources of life and making it 
sipid, or bitter, and less worth living. 

In the course of time, this pastor covered the whole surround- 
ig country and got on some sort of intimate friendly and helpful 
5lations with every family within a day's walk of his church, 
his was the survey. Out of this survey what he calls "the larger 
arish" grew. As I recall it he succeeded in bringing into some 
5rt of co-operation and church union every little congregation in 
lat larger parish except one. That one was a Church of the 
isciples of Christ. 


By Edward A. Henry 

Central Church, New York, Finis Idleman, minister, reports 
le pleasure of listening to several of our national officers recently, 
[r. Idleman has been elected chaplain of the Iowa Society of New 

Central Church, Indianapolis, A. B. Philputt, minister, re- 
vived 186 accessions during 1916. Money receipts for the year 
ere $15,752.72 of which $3,495 was for missions. Attendance in 
le Sunday School averaged 696 for the year. 

Joseph L. Garvin has accepted the Field Secretaryship of the 
ational Church and Sunday School Efficiency Bureau of Flint, 
[ich. We suppose his address will continue Cambridge City, Ind., 
Qtil further notice. 

Prof. A. C. Gray of Eureka College is preaching at the Deer 
reek church this year. 

W. H. Smith and the Bloomington, lud., church are mourning 
the loss of their church building as a result of a fire New Year's 
eve when revelers entered the church to ring the bell. The congre- 
gation was considering a new building anyway, but the old one 
was inadequately covered by insurance. The plans for the new 
home are being pushed as rapidly as possible now. 

Colorado Springs, 0. L. Waite, minister, reports 66 additions 
during the seven months of his pastorate. The church has given 
the largest amovmt in its history for missions and closed the fiscal 
year with a balance in its treasury. 

R. W. Gentry and the Winfield. Kan., church are rejoicing over 
the success of the meeting recently held there by Herbert Tuell. 

The church at Fort Collins, Colo., has been laboring under a 
debt of some $1,700. The pastor, Lin D. Oartwright, has been 
figuring on how he could raise the funds necessary to cancel it. A 
few Sundays since the president of the Senior C. E. Society handed 
him two envelopes just as he was entering the pulpit for the 
morning service. One proved to contain an announcement that 
the C. E. Society had been carrying on a secret campaign during 
which they had secured pledges for the entire sum. The other 
envelope contained the pledges themselves. 

Three churches in the greater Chicago district recently fell 
heirs to sums of money for the raising of burdensome debts. The 
Monroe Street received a legacy of $.3, .500 upon condition that 
enough money be raised in advance to settle the debts of the 
estate, something like $-500. This amount was raised quickly and 
now Monroe has reduced her debt to less than $600. The pastor, 
J. E. Wolfe, is feeling very happy. The second case was at Wau- 
kegan. 111. A country church in a remote part of the county dis 
banded and sold its property. Seven hundred dollars of the sum 
was offered to the Waukegan church if it would raise $300 addi- 
tional which would be enough to wipe out all indebtedness. The 
amount was raised at once and the old mortgage burned. This 
puts this old church in the best condition it has been for years 
W. C. MacDougal is the happy pastor. The third church is that 
at Gurnee, 111., where H. W. Cor dell ministers. This church re- 
ceived the balance of the money realized from the sale of the dis- 
banded church mentioned above. 

E. E. Moorman and the Englewood Church, Indianapolis, is iv. 
a meeting with L. E. Brown. 

lat larger parish except one. That one was a Church of the 
isciples of Christ. 

Maxwell Hall has accepted the pastorate of the Broad Street 
hureh in Columbus, Ohio, and begun work there. 

A. L. Cole has accepted the pastorate of the church at Brook- 
?ld, Mo. One of the elders of his new church took time to escort 
;r. Cole to the home of every family in the church and introduce 
im. He made 125 calls in about twelve days. 

O. J. Grainger has been moved from Mungeli to Jubbulpore, 
. P., India. He reports that the work in India is prospering in 
)ite of the war, indeed the people of central India are living in 
jace and security, hardly conscious that there is a war. We 
)te also that Mr. Grainger's letter was not opened by the censor 
lis time. Evidently the censorship is not being enforced so rig- 
ly any more. Mr. Grainger's work now is vei'y largely teach- 
g in the college in Jubbulpore. He has just finished two years 
: labor on a hymn book in Hindi. Just at present Jubbulpore 

nearly deserted as the result of an outbreak of bubonic plague, 
it he anticipates that it will soon be checked. 

One other change in our address list. Our attention has just 
;en called to the fact that we enrolled one of our new members 
correctly this autumn. The Spencer, Ind., pastor is F. E. Davi- 
in and not Davidson as we published his name. 

In remitting his dues Walter C. Gibbs remarks that the Bible 
allege of Missouri is having one of the best years of its history, 
e has recently tried the experiment of beginning a class in 
reek with the Greek New Testament — making that the goal of 
leir study Instead of the usual course through classical Greek 
•St. The class is now far enough along so that he feels it is 
)ing to be a success in every way. 

A copy of the Crimson Rmnhler, published by Transylvania 
allege, recently fell into the secretary's hands. It contains a list 
■ figvires which seem of interest. Of the 3,000 preachers among 
le Disciples who have had college training 1,500 have done work 
. Transylvania- — including the college of the Bible under that 
ime. Ninety per cent of all Kentucky ministers who have col- 
ge training are Transylvania men. 

Tabernacle Church, Franklin, Ind., Carl A. Burkhardt, minis- 
r, has organized a "Church College" for the purpose of training 
s members in Christian leadership. The work is prospering. 

Charles O. Lee of Danville, Ind., arranged an unusual forn 
of cheer for boys and girls of his town. The church runs a largi 
Community Centre, tickets for which cost from $2.25 to $4.0( 
per year. He arranged that during the holiday season ticketi 
might be sold at half price provided they were given to childrei 
who were enjoying the privileges of^ the Centre. 

W. A. Crowley was called to Baker T^niversity, Kansas, ii 
November to supply for a Professor of Philosophy who was ill 
After finishing the term there at Christmas he was called to th( 
State Normal School at Valley City, N. Dak., as Professor o; 
Psychology. He will be there for the balance of the year. TMi 
is the school where Hardin Lucas was located for a number o: 
years. Mr. Crowley has practically completed his work for th( 
Ph. D. degree at the University of Chicago. 

W. F. Rothenburger and his chvirch are rejoicing that on( 
of their number has gone to Nanking as treasurer of the Uni 
versity there. This is the fourteenth member of this church wh< 
has entered the ministry or the missionary work. 

President Pritchard is Vice-President of the College section ol 
the Illinois State Teachers' Association. During the annua' 
meeting in Springfield at holiday time he read a paper on "Th( 
Relation of the College to the Professional School." 

A meeting of prohibition workers was recently held in th( 
West Park Church in Indianapolis, of which C. G. Baker is pastor 
C. G. Baker was elected president of an organization to furthei 
the campaign for state prohibition. 

P. J. Rice was one of the speakers at the dedication of a 
large Jewish Temple in El Paso. Mr. Rice fills a large place 
in the hearts of the v»^hole community in which he has labored 
for so many years. His address was highly commended by th( 
local press. 

A. B. Philputt engineered an every-member canvass of his 
great church on the last Sunday in November. One hundred mer 
using fifty automobiles did the trick. There are 1,300 members 
in the congregation. The result was very satisfactory. 

H. G. Burgess has resigned from the pastorate of the churci 
at Canton, Mo., the resignation to take effect March 1. Mr. Bur 
gess has been on the field for about eighteen months. 

Roscoe R. Hill reports that Mrs. Hill was operated on for appen- 
dicitis recently and is making a good recovery. 

Dampbell institute Bulletin 

)LUME 13 MARCH, 1917 NUMBER 6 

God is not far from any one of us: 
The wild flower by the wayside speaks His love; 
Each blithesome bird bears tidings from above; 
Sunshine and shower His tender mercies prove, 
And men know not His voice! 

God is not far from any one of us: 

He speaks to us in every glad sunrise; 
His glory floods us from the noonday skies, 
The stars declare His love when daylight dies. 
And men know not His voice ! 

God is not far from any one of us: 
He watches o'er His children day and night. 
On every darkened soul He sheds His light. 
Each burdened heart He cheers, and lends His might 
To all who know His voice. » 

I ask not "Was he Son of God 

Who died on Calvary?" 
But, "Was it in vain He trod 

The way of death for me?" 

I ask not, "Was it truth He spake. 

The very words of light?" 
But, "Am / to that truth awake. 

Or sleeping still in night?" 

I ask not, "Shall the Lord Christ reign 

As King of all. for aye?" 
But, "Do / to His will attain 

In the life I live today?" 

Thomas Curtis Clark. 



The decline of the Socialist vote in the election last fall 
has not attracted the attention that it deserves. Although the 
coming of woman's suffrage in many sates should have increased 
the vote by voting the wives of Socialists, the total vote east 
actually fell off by several hundred thousand. The vote in 1912 
was 901,000 and in 1916. 590,166. 

Some have intimated that the European war had resulted 
in a loss of confidence in the Socialist party, since German So- 
cialists hflvp supported the Kaiser in invading neighboring lands. 
Probably this consideration has but little effect in this country. 

The Socialist vote is usually a pretty good index of economic 
conditions. At the time of the last election employment was 
good and labor unions were getting sharp increases in wages. 
This was a difficult time for the Socialist protest to make itself 
felt by such men as vote the ticket of any party for the full 
dinner pail. 

It is coming to be recognized, however, that certain phases 
of the Socialist propaganda are out of accord with the spirit of 
our times. The dogmatism of the movement, its air of finality, 
is quite as offensive to a thinker as is the dogmatism of the 
Roman Catholic church. The scientific study of society certainly 
does not lead one to enthuse over present conditions, but the 
careful student cannot be persuaded to bind his intellect with 
the dead- formulas of Karl Marx or any other authority. 

The pessimism of the Socialist has an unpleasant feeling to 
an optimistic American. We are willing to muck-rake things 
occasionally but to live from day to day in the spirit of Mr. 
McCutcheon's "Lugubrious Blue" is too trying. The world is 
not all bad and the rantings of the soap-boxer have proved de- 
pressing to the proletariat. 

The idealistic socialists have been leaving the party in 
droves. They had hoped that the old materialistic philosophy 
of Karl Marx might be superseded by idealism, but in this they 
have been disappointed. We still hear about an economic deter- 
minism that fixes moral and festhetic and even religious condi- 
tions. These idealists were never able to believe that a full 
dinner pail was all that was needed to make men moral. 

The socialists of America, like the prohibitionists, have borne 


their testimony. We have learned much from them, but there is 
10 evidence that we shall adopt their Utopian program for society. 
Society will be revolutionized by evolution. It is a hardy prophet 
who will endeavor to show the exact form the social millennium 
will take. 


As this goes to press, we are beginning the actual mechanical 
work on the Anniversary Volume of the Campbell Institute. The 
lommittee has decided to shorten the name of the book and it 
vill be called Progress. The organizing conception of the book 
s that in the twenty years of Campbell Institute history, the re- 
igious world has made great changes. While it would be im- 
possible for any one volume to make a complete survey of this 
progress, many of the more significant phases of our modern 
•eligious life will receive attention. 

We have been disappointed in some of the chapters which 
vere first announced, but it is apparent that if we are to have 
I book, there must be a point beyond which a \sTiter cannot 
lelay with his copy. The book will be of the dollar and a half 
size, however, and will contain twenty chapters by as many 
lififerent writers. The strength of Institute scholarship is fairly 
■epresentecl by these men who present the various theses that 
nake up the volume. A poem by Nicholas Vachel Lindsay makes 
I fitting close to the book. 

After the introduction, there are two chapters in the book 
^ving a careful and constructive statement of the history and 
deals of the Institute. The remainder of the bodk is taken up 
A^ith phases of progress, beginning with progress among the 
3isciples of Christ and concluding with the conception of the 
ncreasing religious values to be found in the life of the world 
n general. 

The committee which has been in charge of the making of 
lie book this year has bfen Herbert L. Willett, Charles M. 
?harpe and Orvis F. Jordan. They are giving proper editorial 
supervision to the work, and hope to issue a volume as nearly 
)erfect as possible. 

The printing will be done at the best book-making establish- 


ment. iu Chicago and meclumically we may expect a book whicl 
will measure right up with the best that are on our shelves. 

Since the making of the book is an Institute enterprise, il 
is expected that the members will become active agents in cir- 
culating the work. We assume that every member will want his 
own copy so we take no time to discuss that question. We wist 
to secure the active interest of our members in giving the booh 
a wider reading. Since the spirit is constructive throughout, 
there is no reason why the thoughtful laymen in all the churches 
should not be made acquainted with the book. We already hear 
intimations that some of our members will order twenty-five 
copies in advance of publication and dispose of them at once. 

A group of our members have underwritten the expense, 
advancing twenty-five dollars each in order to secure immediate 
publication. It is planned to return the money to these Guar- 
antors in a few weeks after publication, though we asked them 
for a final settlement at the end of two years, when the money 
was secured. In order to unload immediately the men who have 
loaned us their own money, we would like to secure advance 
orders for four hundred copies of the book. 

For many years the Institute has been anxious to "do some- 
thing." This book is the first big enterprise in putting our 
ideas out to the world in a permanent form. We believe that 
it will bring a new understanding and new respect throughout 
the brotherhood for our men. Loyalty to the organization should 
lead all of oxir members to a prompt co-operation in giving the 
twentieth anniversary volume the very widest circulation. 

In this month's issue of the bulletin will be found ap, 
order blank. Fill it out and mail it in while the matter is fres^ 
in your mind. Guarantors who have advanced money for the' 
publication of the book may secure copies of the book on their 
account with the Institute. 


By Guy W. Sarvis 
What we have enjoyed most has been nature in its varied 
aspects although we saw nothing to compare with the sunset 
at Kuling and in Karuizawa itself there is nothing to be com- 
pared with the vistas of mountain and plain which one enjoys 


'rom the higher houses such as the one in which we lived in 
Ruling last summer. But in Japan one is in the midst of a 
and where are beauty spots everywhere, and he can scarcely 
!et out in any direction without running into one. When it 
vas not too cloudy, we could always see the largest active vol- 
;ano in Japan from our windows — clouds of smoke and vapol 
)ouring from its crater and late in the summer Miss Taylor 
nd some friends climbed it. We were fortunate In choosing 
he one perfect night of the season for our climb. We set out 
it 8 :.30 in the evening and walked until 11 to the rest house 
rem which the ascent is begun. The moon rose shortly before 
ve started, and its light did not fail until it was dissipated 
ly the rising sun in the morning. There was not a cloud in 
he sky during the entire night, except some great white banks 
a the valleys below us. All night we could see range after 
ange in the white moonlight as we climbed higher and higher 
n the bare mountain side. We tried to get a couple of hours' 
est at the foot before beginning the ascent but the rest house 
T^as so full of both Japanese and foreigners that there was no 
oom to lie down even on the floor, and outside it was too chilly, 
we ate our lunch and started up at one o'clock in the morn- 
ig. Mt. Asa ma is not precipitous, being simply a great pile of 
olcanic ash and small stones thrown out in former ages, but 
tie climb upward is almost unbroken by any level place, and 
he road is almost sandy in character a large part of the way, 
that when at the end of three hours we suddenly found 
urselves at the edge of the crater, we were more than glad to 
est our weary legs. The hour we spent huddled in our oil- 
loth and sweaters and overcoats, looking down into the glowing 
lass, rumbling and steaming and heaving, is one never to be 
argotten. It was almost impossible to judge distances correctly, 
ut I should think the crater was 300 feet across at the top, - 
nd the distance dov^Ti to the fire seemed to me not more than 
50 feet. The v/hole bed of the crater was covered with what 
)oked like red-hot slag such as one sees in a forge or a furnace, 
nd in this hot mass were numerous holes from which rushed 
p streams of fiery sparks, smoke, steam and sulphur fumes. 
Ivery few seconds there was a rumbling followed by a heaving 
f certain parts of the bed of the crater and the more rapid 
mission of smoke and steam. The volcano is not considered 


dangerous at present, but behind us down on the plain were 
the jagged and fantastic masses of rock and cinders which in 
1872 were poured out in a great molten stream which buried 
several villages — and we could not quite forget the fact that 
only three years ago a man had been killed beside the crater 
as a result of being struck by a hot stone which was thrown 
out, and from exposure following the accident. I suppose there 
Avas one thought in all minds when, just as we were leaving, 
there was a tremendous rumbling which continued with rapid 
acceleration for some seconds, accompanied by great volumes 
of smoke pouring up in great white clouds in the morning sun- 
light. We all scrambled away a few hurried steps, and then 
we came back to the edge, feeling that if there was really going 
to be an eruption it was useless to flee in any ease. As it was, 
we had one of the finest possible views of the crater below 
and the masses of white smoke and vapor above gleaming in 
the morning sunlight against the cloudless blue sky off to the 
westward. The view of the surrounding country from the top 
of Asama was among the most magnificent I have ever seen, 
and for more than an hour of our way down we could see 
Fujiyama, off to the south, towering above the surrounding 
peaks, lovely and symmetrical, the queen of the mountains oil 


By Ellsworth Faris 

White : Mechanisms of Character Formation, Macmillan,. 

This is a book by a physician of sufficiently wide reading, 
culture and literary power to write an account of the Freudian 
psychology that is accurate and at the same time intelligible 
to the non-technical reader. The new psycho-analysis is a 
theory of human nature which has arisen out of the successful 
clinical experience of very skillful physicians. It is quite prob- 
able that some of the explanatory concepts will be modified and 
others abandoned, but the great helpfulness of the conception 
and the wide influence and prominence of it have been noted 
before in these reviews. The present book offers, perhaps, the 
best and most economical approach to the general point of view. 

The preacher will be repelled by the deterministic standpoint, 
but this should not make him impervious to the great value of 
^ome method of controlling the influences which affect the char- 
icter and destiny of men, and particularly of children. We all 
prefer a school with good moral influences for the youth, but 
Freud has shown us that the fatal twists in the character of 
ibnormal people are usually caused by early experience, some- 
times infantile experience. 

And the corrolary is that the character of normal people 
is influenced to an enormous degree by mechanisms and com- 
plexes which can be formulated as outgrowths of very funda- 
mental instinctive strivings. The author discusses the concept 
of the Unconscious, the Significance of Conflict, Symbolism, 
Dream Mechanisms, and the Family Romance, as well as the 
jtber of the Freudian categories. He also, in the concluding 
chapter, sets forth the task for Social Psychology and empha- 
sizes the fact that the social relations must be studied and their 
problems formulated before the task is done. 

By Rodney L. McQuaky 

In the Biblical World for November, 1916, there appeared 
a notice of a recent book entitled, Bible Prophecies and the 
Plain Man, with Special Reference to the Present War. The 
author holds that the Bible contains an invaluable map of the 
future and that the purpose of prophecy is to reveal to the 
Initiated and to obscure from the unitiated, it being implied 
that by reading the book one becomes initiated. Such fantastic 
statements are made as that the British are the lost tribes of 
Israel; and the possibility of the Kaiser being anti-Christ is also 

Such extreme ebullitions indicate a vast propaganda of 
fanaticism which the present war is provoking. The claims are 
put forth by the apostles of Millenariauism that Biblical 
prophecies are being fulfilled one after another and that the 
world catastrophe is immediately at hand. The pity of it all 
is that so many are being swept away by these doctrines from 
an appreciation of the essential nature and spirit of Christian- 
ity. To meet this situation the Church needs in both preaching 


and teaching to interpret current events in light of really fun- 
damental Christian principles. There are four principles which 
need to be emphasized in this period of strange and conflicting 
notions : 

1. The historical Interpretation of prophecy. Prophetic 
inspiration should be taken out of the field of mere prediction. 

2. The Kingdom of God as a social ideal rather than as 
a ready-made perfect city let down out of heaven. 

3. The fact that progress comes about primarily by devel- 
opment and by catastrophe only secondarily. 

4. The fact that the Kingdom of God comes not simply by 
divine intervention, but by human endeavor, through the efforts 
of men working in harmony with what they conceive the Will 
of God to be. 


By Herbrt Martin 
Every teacher more or less consciously has an ideal which 
he seeks to realize through his work, i. e., he has a philosophy 
of life in which his particular activity finds its place and mean- 
ing. ■ My purpose here, however, is not to discuss either educa- 
tional theory or theory of teaching. It is more specific and 
practical. The criterion suggested is, What kind of interest 
am I as teacher developing in my pupil? 

Too frequently do we as teachers evaluate our enterprise 
in terms of the degree of success attained in imparting to the 
student a definite curriculum content. We should not forget 
that our concern is as much, at least, formation as information. 
What is the student becoming is as important a question as 
what is he learning. What quality of soul are we developing 
is as important a matter as what quantity of knowledge is the 
student possessing himself of. What interests increasingly re- 
veal themselves in our students, what is the value that gains 
definition in their thinking, what is that which more and more 
becomes central in their consciousness which unexpectedly pre- 
sents itself and occupies attention, — these are forms of the 
fundamental problem of the teacher. 

Interest ultimately analysed yields personality, becomes 
identical mth character, is synonymous with self. Interest en- 


gages activity and determines leisure behavior. It gives inner 
direction ; it frees from external control. Interests and the 
Man would probably prove a worthy topic of reflection for every 
teacher. The conscious employment of this criterion, the kind 
of interest being developed in the pupil, would transmute the 
teacher's function from the barren maintenance of a curriculum 
into the dignity of the master art, the fashioning of souls. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 

lu the last number of the American Journal of Archaeology, 
vol. XX (1916), pp. 42Q-57, Mr. G. A. Ei.sen discusses a silver 
chalice from Antioch which is adorned with what he claims 
to be the earliest portraits of Christ and his apostles. It was 
found with other anti^iues in 1010 by Arabs who were digging a 
well and came upon underground chambers. These are thought to 
have belonged to the great cathedral which Constantine built 
at Antioch, after having moved his capital to Constantinople, 
with the intention of making it the center of Christian worship 
in the East. It was utterly destroyed by an earthquake in 526 
A. D. The chalice, though it probably came into the service of 
the cathedral, was still older, having had its ornaments "chascd- 
applied" between 57 and 87 A. D. It stands about 7^^ inches 
high and in addition to ten of the apostles presents two figures 
of Christ, one as a boy about twelve years old. The author 
declares : "They are not only works of great artistic merit, 
but show an individuality that cannot be the result of accident. 
Such individuality has until now been unknown in antique 
Christian art, for the first attempts at portraiture hitherto dis- 
covered are not older than the fifth century A. D. It seems 
improbable that any sculptor could have depicted twelve heads 
and faces, so varied and strongly individualized, had he not 
known the persons portrayed or had authentic portraits to in- 
spire him. The face of Christ seems divine ; no subsequent 
artist has succeeded in imparting that sweetness and gentleness 
which tradition gives to the Savior's features and which are 
here for the first time realized. The heads of the apostles are 
equally remarkable. We seem to read the character of each 
of them." 



By Perry J. Rice 

The Social Principles of Jesus is the title of a very concise little 
book from the pen of Walter Rauschenbusch. It was prepared for 
college voluntarj' courses but is adapted to a much wider range 
of uses. The material is so arranged that it may be used by indiv- 
iduals or by family groups as a book of devotions. It provides ex- 
cellent basic material for study classes composed of young men, or 
men in middle life, such as are found in practically all the churches. 
It is also adapted to the use of pastors who may wish to present in 
sermons the teachings of Jesus from the view-point of their social 
significance. Its value for such a purpose lies in the fact that it is 
suggestive rather than exhaustive. It sets one's mental machinery 
a going. 

The material is presented in four parts. Part I deals with the 
axiomatic social convictions of Jesus; part II with the Social Ideals 
of Jesus; part III with the Recalcitrant Social Forces and part IV 
with Conquest by Conflict. It is a book of peculiar value under 
present circumstances and pastors will find it satisfying and im- 
mensely helpful. 

Another book which has been stimulating to me recently is from 
the pen of Henry Cope under the title. Religious Education in the 
Family. It deals with problems every pastor as well as every par- 
ent has to face again and again. Is there anything more urgent in 
these days than the toning up of family life ? It may be said with- 
out any hesitation that few families have ever been made to realize 
the function of the family in terms of religion. The church has a 
duty to perform in relation to that primary and most fundamental 
social institution which is far more urgent than adding members to 
itself. Many parents are eager for suggestive reading that will en- 
able them to deal with growing children wisely. This desire is the 
pastor's opportunity and no pastor, conscious of the deeper meaning 
of his ministry, will fail to utilize it. 

One member in returning his card expresses regret that 
since, the Bulletin has been put into Chamber form there is no 
space available for contributions from the members who are 
not fortunate enough to be Chamber heads. We suggest that 
any who feel that way send contribution to Editor Jordan and 
watch the result. 



By Fred E. Lumley 

The Disciples' Congress will be held In St. Louis, Mc, April 
10-12, probably at the Union Avenue church, where B. A. Abbott 
is the able pastor. 

There are always two problems connected with this desir- 
able gathering: First, the preparation of the program; and, 
second, the securing of a worthy attendance. And the first is 
conditioned by the second. It is hardly fair to ask busy men 
to give their time to the preparation of an address or scholarly 
paper for the mere handful that sometimes attends. They 
would gladly do this if more interest was in evidence. 

This year's program will equal the best. Editor C. C Mor- 
rison will give some impressions of his trip to South America ; 
iJert Wilson, the indefatigable mission's advocate, will present 
his conclusions regarding the desirability of having the tithing 
system adopted by the Disciples. His position will probably 
call out some sharp criticism and argument. H. H. Peters will 
have a new proposition regarding the regional superintendency 
plan to offer and F. W. Burnham will lead the debate in review. 
Needless to say, this will be one of the outstanding features 
of the occasion. Prof. W. C. Gibbs, of Columbia, has promised 
a paper on the teaching of the Bible to college students aad 
no doubt there will be much to commend and something to raise 
objections in this. In addition, we are to have an able paper 
from H. D. C. Maclachlan on the subject, "Is Bernard Shaw a 
Christian?" Shaw has circled about religion for a long time 
and now comes out squarely with an exposition of Christianity 
as the New Testament discloses it to him. He asks for a trial 
of Christianity. Probably there will be a review of a new book 
by H. G. Wells on religion. And, finally, an address will be 
delivered by a distinguished minister from another communion; 
another address will be given on the subject of "Peace." 

It is for the ministers and laymen to show their apprecia- 
tion by attending and by taking part in the debates. This is 
a place for fearless, frank and pointed discussion of the ques- 
tions of the hour. Show your interest by dropping a card to 
the secretary, F. E. Lumley, College of Missions, Indianapolis, 
Ind., assuring him of your interest and of your intention to be 



By Edward A. Henry 

Ou February 3 we mailed nearly two hundred addressed 
postal cards to the American members of the Institute. Up to 
the time of going to press just 72 of these have been returned. 
We hope to receive many more during the next few days. The 
cards returned indicate a good attendance for the summer meet- 
ing and offer a fairly large number of topics for papers. We 
hope to receive many more paper subjects yet. Every card 
should be returned before the middle of March. 

One result of these cards is a considerable list of address 

H. J. Loken is temporarily located at 20 N. Ashland. Chicago. 

E. C. Boynton gives his address "4108 Ave. G. Austin, Tex." 
Irving S. Chenoweth has moved from 1418 Euclid Ave. to 

1746 North 15th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Thomas Curtis Clark gives his address "Maywood. 111." 

J. L. Deming has moved from 169 Bishop St. to 71 College 
St., New Haven, Conn. 

H. H. Guy has moved from 2.51.3 to 251.5 Hillegas Ave., 
Berkeley, Cal. 

Maxwell Hall is settled at 1520 Menlo Place. Columbus, O. 

F. E. Livengood has moved from 405 Temple St. to 282 
Prospect St.. New Haven, Conn. 

John McKee has moved from Madelia, Minn., to Swanson 
Flats. Storm Lake. la. 

A. R. McQueen has moved from 5322 Race St. to 5808 Huron 
St.. Chicago. 111. 

J. P. Myers has moved from 3028 Capitol Ave. to 2915 N. 
Capitol Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

John F. Stubbs is living at 5815 Drexel Ave. now and sup- 
plying the Plymouth church on Sundays instead of living out 

Hugh R. Davidson has located with the church at White 
Hall, 111. He has been living in Eureka for a few weeks. The 
church at Whitehall is in serious need of stimulation and Mr. 
Davidson is going into the task with the determination to make 

Chicago ministers are formulating vigorous programs for the 
Lenten Season. 


Another member objects to the dates chosen for the summer 
neeting, stating that he could come the following week. The 
executive Committee would be very glad to hear from others 
vho would prefer a date say a week later, August 1-3 for in- 
tance. We are anxious to please the largest number possible 
md it is not too late to make a change. 

Jasper T. Moses is collaborating on a text-book in Elemen- 
ary Commercial Spanish for the International Committee of 
he Y. M. C. A. He is under appointment to the Union Training 
school for Mexico whenever work in that unhappy country can 
e reopened. 

J. L. Deming was recently engaged by the contractors of 
sTew Haven to direct their side in a large carpenters' strike, 
le has succeeded in establishing the open shop principle in 
^ew Haven. He longs for the west again and would be glad 
find a suitable location there. His work is in Sociology. 

March 11 is to be "Members' at Home" day in the Hyde 
*ark church, Chicago. The members of the board, going two 
y two, will call upon every member of the church between 
he hours of 3 and 6. The plan originated in Dr. Ames' fertile 

Carl A. Burkhardt preached during February on "Mile- 
tones Along Love's Trail." The four sermons were on "Fi'iend- 
hip," "Courtship," "Marriage," and "At Home." He writes 
hat he is speaking to good audiences and enjoying the work, 
le is teaching a class of young people during the Lenten season 
nd will hold meetings every night from March 25 until Easter 
?hen he hopes to be able to report a considerable group of 
dditions to his church. 

George A. Campbell began his seventh year at Hannibal, 
do., February 11. He reports all the work going well. He has 
ecently tried a light luncheon served in the church at 6 Sunday 
venings and finds it helpful. On a recent Sunday evening a 
ensus of the churches showed the following audiences : Episco- 
al, 30; M. E., 82; Presbyterian, 99; Methodist North, 165; Bap- 
ist, 150, and the First Christian church, 296, which speaks 
i^ell for both the strength of his church and Mr. Campbell's 
lopularity in the community. 

Ellsworth Faris had a fall on the ice which put an arm 
ut of commission for several days but is now recovered. 


From January 28 to February 2, J. I^. Garvin conductec 
an Efficiency Campaign for tlie Fourtli Ward Ohurcti of Flint 
Mich. A local paper says : "Mr. Garvin's winsome personalitj 
and strong sermons have won many friends." Some eightj 
people were added to the church though the chief aim was tc 
strengthen the organization, making places for work amonj 
women and young people in the church. A new building plar 
was begun and carried far enough to assure its success. Earlj 
in February he began work at Linden, Mich., where a communitj 
church was the only organization in a five-mile circle. 

J. Leslie Lobinger is teaching the Psychology of ReligiOE 
and Biblical Pedagogy at the Y. M. C. A. College in Chicago, 
He is filling the chair of J. M. Artman who is away on leave. 

The Disciples Divinity House has established an annua] 
lectureship at the University of Chicago. The first lecturer 
will be H. D. C. Maclachlan, who will speak on April 17, IS 
and 19. 

J. L. Philputt is making a deep impression on the religiou? 
life of Charlottesville. Va. The local paper recently carried 
an eulogy upon the new pastor. An every-member canvass con- 
ducted under his leadership resulted in amply covering an in- 
creased budget. 

We all feel a deep sympathetic interest in the work ol 
Edgar DeWitt Jones who was recently selected by Prof. Arthur 
S. Hoyt as one of "Three American Preachers" upon whom he 
wrote in the Homiletic Review. 

Last year Burris A. Jenkins tried to go to the border as a 
Chaplain and was rejected by the army doctors. This year 
he has been selected by the International Y. M. C. A. for re- 
ligious work among the trenches of Europe during the summer- 
He 'Rail be away for his church for six months. 

Finis S. Idleman has been selected as a representative ol 
the Disciples on the New York State Board of the Anti-Saloor 
League, subject to the approval of the next state conventioi 
of the Disciples. 

Rumors of impending changes reach us. We are told thai 
A. L. Ward of Lebanon, Ind., has been called to Bowling Green 
Ky. We have not learned the result. 

Fred S. Nicholas has resigned at Iowa City, la. He ha^ 
no definite plans for the future. 


We notice by an exchange that Chas. A. Lockhart is the 
w pastor at Helena, Mont. The Lockhart tribe is so large 
long Disciple preachers that we are not quite sui'e whether 
is is our own Chas. A. or not. We shall hope to hear from 
m soon whether he is still in Canton, Mo., or in Helena, Mont. 

On March 22 Raymond A. Smith will be formally installed 
President of Atlantic City Christian College, Wilson, N. C. 

John R. Ewers eighth year at East End, Pittsburgh, shows 
8,500 raised, fifty-eight members added to the church and 
00,000 pledged toward a new church home, ground for which 
.11 be broken May 1. 

I). H. Shields of Kokomo reports that recently G. I. Hoover 
nducted in his church "the best county co-operative conference 
the history of the work." 

During the seven years of H. J. Loken's work at Berkeley, 
l1., there have been 471 additions to the church. 

The Danville. Ind., church, to which Chas. O. Lee ministers, 
cently received a bequest of $2..500. This makes the third 
ch bequest we have reported within a few weeks. Why should 
it our members g;et the habit of including the church among 
e beneficiaries of their estates? 

They have the spirit in Hyde Park church, Chicago. A 
ember who was restless under having the church called "little" 
is called attention to the fact that its 308 members makes it 
gger than nine-tenths of the 8,826 churches reported in the 
ar-book. The church raised for local expenses last year 
,787.93. Only 192 churches in the brotherhood raised more, 
aere was $1,903.08 given to missions and benevolence, and only 
t of our congregation gave more. The per capita of giving to 
issions and benevolence is $6.18. Hyde Park church insists 
at the progressive program wins. 
~ Dr. Ames" sermon subjects during Lent are as follows : 

February 25. Can Man's Character Be Changed? 

March 4. A Letter to a Promoter of Missions. 

March 11. Changing Men Through Physical Conditions. 

March 18. Changing Men Through Social Influence. 

March 25. Man's Power to Change Himself: Auto-Sugges- 

April 1. A Letter to a Lost Soul. 

April 8. Easter. Continuity of Personality. 


At the recent meeting of the Illinois State Teachers" Associa 
tion President Pritchard was elected president of the Colleg( 

A union revival meeting in Qnincy, 111., resulted in 125 addi 
tions to the First Church of which W. D. Endres is minister. Re 
centlj^ a reception was given to the new members. 

The Jackson Boulevard Church, Chicago, Austin Hunter, min 
ister, reports 124 additions for 1916 with $7,245.73 raised, o: 
which $1,219.80 went for missions. A. R. McQueen of Austin was 
the speaker at the annual dinner. 

At a recent Preachers' Parliament held in Spokane, Wash. 
A. L. Chapman of Bozeman, Mont., read a paper on "Christianitj 
the Only Permanent, Effective, Vital Force in the Wox*ld Today.' 

Norwood Chui'ch, Cincinnati, to which C. R. Stauffer minis 
ters, reports 126 members added during 1916. There was raised 
for all purposes the sum of $13',015, of which $1,700 went for mis 
sions and some $4,000 into the building fund. 

Levi Marshall has resigned from the pastorate of the Nevada 
Mo., church. During his six years the church has enjoyed 8 
healthy growth in all departments. We have not been informed oi 
Mr. Marshall's future plans. 

January 7th to 14th was celebrated by the First Church, Spring 
field. 111., as Educational Week. Among the speakers from abroar 
were C. C. Morrison, O. F. Jordan, Alva W. Taylor, W. C. Mac 
Dougal and Dr. Henry Cope of the Religious Education Associa 
tion. Frank Waller Allen has a big vision for this church whicl 
he is getting the church to see with him. 

P. J. Rice and the El Paso church continue to prosper in peac( 
in spite of war across the border. The year 1916 brought then 
102 additions without any "revival" services. Total receipts wer* 
$6,500, of which $1,500 went for missions. 

J. H. McCartney of Modesto, Cal., has been appointed stati 
superintendent of the Home Department of the Sunday Schoo 

The annual report of the Third Church, Philadelphia, Tru 
man E. Winter, minister, shows $19,079.88 raised, of whid 
$5,728.28 was for current expenses, $1,161.86 for missions am 
benevolences and the balance for a new lot. Every departmeu 
in the church closed the year with a balance of cash on ham 
There have been 69 accessions during the vear. 

Dampbell 3^nstttttte ^Bulletin 

3LUME 13 APRIL, 1917 NUMBER 7 


Evangelical churches have felt a difficultj' in winning and 
ildiug the community leaders. We heard Shailer Mathews 
y once that when Baptists got rich they became Episcopalians, 
e can call the roll of many prominent people who were reared 

Disciples who are now in other communions. 

^here are cases in which these people have been driven out 

the ranks by theological narrowness. This is especially true 

preachers, teachers and literary men. These come to know 

e issues of modern thought, and taking our reactionary journ- 

Lsm more seriously than it has deserved, they have sought 

lat seemed fairer fields of labor. 

In a general way, however, it may be said that the evan- 
lical type of piety has been too narrow. There are men out- 
ie the church who stay where they are because they feel 
are religious than some of us do. These men have great 
thusiasms for humanity, for which they devote a lifetime 
sacrifice no less truly than do missionaries and monks. 

The physician cannot understand the coldness of the church 

ward the health interests of the community. He is tempted 

feel at times that the vagaries of Christian Science are better 

an no interest at all in the task of keeping people alive and 


The teacher who hears a preacher ridicule his training, and 
ast of his scanty knowledge of books, thinks this man sins 
:ainst the Holy Ghost. Perhaps he does, for his Master was a 
acher. It is a sorry thing when the teachers of a community 
dare that the Sunday school helps to undo some things that 
e public school has been at great pains to accomplish. 

More than one business man is an idealist. It is the new 
ea to help humanity through business. Yet the church herself 
often very miich unconcerned about bringing the ideals of our 
)rd into the work of modern commerce. 

These are but suggestions of the ways in which religious 
iders lose leatling people. We lose them by failing to recog- 
ze the bigness and varied character of the religious phenomenon. 

Among my good resolutions for the year is one that I will 


read more widely than in recent years. While not renouncing 
my professional reading entirely, I feel a great hunger to know 
more of the books that have been brought to our attention by 
our helpful Chamber Editors in the Bulletin. There has come 
to my hand several of the new books, and a few things have 
gone undone the last month that T might revel in their contents. 

A Bandy Guide for Begfjars, by our own Vachel Lindsay, 
(IMacmillan. pp. 205, .$1.2-5) is a fresh word in American litera- 
ture. He has lived in the middle west anc'' is not ashamed of it, 
There is no attempt to ape the New England manner of speech oi 
point of view. The writer tells of his wanderings in the south 
which are full of beautiful and suggestive material, but the 
chief revel.-itiou is that of his own soul. The humor, the sadness, 
the love of nature in all of its manifestations, these and ninny 
other things that belong to the spiritual make-up of the Illinoi« 
man are set forth with charm and literary power. Not in a long 
time have we found such genuine pleasure in a pie^-e of reading. 

Fruit Gathering, by Tagore, (Macmillan, pp. 123, $1.25) may 
seem like a long jump from the other book but T am not sure 
that it is. Each is full of simple human narrative with some 
deeper meanings. In Tagore's book we have the oriental mean- 
ing underneath. These wonderful little prose poems have re- 
vealed Tagore to me after a fiffi^'ult wrestling with f^adhana. T 
find I can use many of his stories in Christian preaching! 

The Brook Kerith. by George Moore, (Macmillan. pp. 486, 
.$1.50") has proven rather disappointing. I knew I was to have 
a piece of fiction setting forth the life of Christ from a com- 
pletely rationalistic viewpoint. I have found it dull reading where 
T had expected to be lured on by a new point of view. The lit- 
erary style is monotonous. The scholarship is faulty in important 
ways. Moore asks us to believe the greatest miracle of all 
that a Jewish peasant and fanatic should move the world. Or 
the whole we think we would prefer Boiick White's rationalistic 
treatment in The Call of the Carpenter, unhistorical as that treat 
ment manifestly is. 

The Campbell Institutp will hold a luncheon some time dnriuc 
the Disciples" Congress at St. Louis. April 10-12. Arrangements 
for this luncheon are in the hands of Graham Frank. Ever^ 
Institute man who attends the Congress should plan to attend th( 


By Herbert Martin 

Art may be temperamental. In any event interest in Art 
gnifies that a certain stage of culture has been attained. In 
1 interesting volume, Artists and Thinkers (L. W. Flaccus, 
ongmans, 1916; $1.25) we learn that art and philosophy are 
ike "creatively self-expressive." Each expresses "certain heart- 
ilt needs." The philosopher needs the originality and imagina- 
on of the artist. Art must express thought by indirect sugges- 
on. The relationship between artist and thinker in exhibited 
I a study among the artists of Rodin, Wagner, and Maeterlinck 
1 sculpture, music and the drama respectively, and among the 
linkers of Tolstoy, Hegel and Nietzsche. 

Rodin believes that sculpture, like music and poetry, should 
i "vibrant with the spirit of the times." Its purpose is to 
H-tray life as movement. The presence or absence of character, 
7 which he means the revelation of truth, is the determiner 
' beauty or ugliness. Maeterlinck finds beauty to consist in the 
(If-expression of a strong and responsive soul. The drama should 
iggest and rellect "the meanings of our life — the clash between 
ission and duty — a penetrative view of consciousness," and 
lew cosmic beliefs taking shape under the stress of science and 
: new spiritual needs." "True art," says Wagner, "is racial art ; 
ft expressive of the life of the people." It must be deeply 
)oted in the racial and national life of a people. For Hegel art 
a revelation of reality, not a copy as for Plato. It must 
3come the medium of expression for both nature and spirit. 
Beauty is reality shining through the sensuous medium." It is 
le universal struggling to utter itself in the particular, the In- 
dite in the finite. Tolstoy declares that art must be rooted in 
philosophy of life. The book concludes with an interesting an- 
lysis of Nietzsche, the artist-philosopher. 

This volume should prove valuable as a brief and partial in- 
•oduction to a study of the nature of beauty. The next step in 
Lu- educational program should be marked by a new appreciation 
f the value of beauty for life. The success of our enterprise 
emands it. Each of us for our best work should carry a side- 
ne. May I suggest that more of our members give such a place 
) Aesthetics. To think is well, to think artistically is better. 



By W. C. Macdougall 

An acquaintance with tlie Mglier religious tliougtit of Cliina 
and Japan, wliich is in no small degree Buddhistic in origin, 
demands that one first acquire something more than a super- 
ficial knowledge of the origins and development of early Budd- 
hism in India, such as one is likely to meet with in the generally 
recognized standard books on the religions of India. The subject 
is too vast to be dealt with in any such cursory way. 

Therefore before presenting reviews of books, or biliog- 
raphies on the religions of China and .Japan the writer of this 
department cesires to refer to some books dealing with Buddhism 
in the land of its birth. 

For an outline history of Buddhism there is perhaps nothing 
better in English than the recent (1910) work of Pastor Hack- 
maun, Buddhism as a Religion, consisting of some 315 pages. He 
treats the subject, however, not only in its historical develop- 
ment, but also in its present conditions. Mrs. Rhys Davids has 
a little work of value in the Home University Library series, in 
which she deals briefly with the philosophy of the religion. 

Respecting the early history of Buddhism in India valuable 
light will be shed upon conditions by a perusal of the following: 
Rhys Davids Buddhist India (Story of the Nations Series) ; V. A. 
Smith, Asoka (Rulers of India Series) ; and the latter's exceed- 
ingly valuable larger work, Earlij Histnrii of India, 3rd Ed. Ox- 
ford Press, X-f-512 pp. 

As for the Buddha himself and his teacbing. Rhys Davids in 
the American Lecture Series (1907), is of profit, so also 
is the work by Oldenberg, entitled Buddha. It was issued by 
Williams and Norgate (1882). Although out of print it is still 
considered a standard work on the subject. Oldenberg is thor- 
ough and judicial. 

As yet there is nothing really adequate on the growth of the 
Northern school of Buddhism ; that type of Buddhism which spread 
from Incia into China and Japan. T. D. Suzuki, a Japanese 
scholar has given us Outlines of Mahaf/ana (Xorthcrn) Buddhism 
(pp. 420, Luzac, 1908) but it is not very satisfactory. Like 
Anesaki of Harvard, he reads much of Western thought into 
Buddhism. Buddhism in Translatio)is by H. C. Warren in the 
Harvard Oriental Series, Vol. Ill, gives one an outline study of 
value from the Buddhist texts, topically arranged. The Budd- 


st Texts translations in the Sacred Books of the East Series 
;rmits one to become acquainted in greater detail with the sub- 
ance of the general Buddhist literature, and also with not a 
ttle of the up-to-the-present available literature of the Xorthern 

Psychology has always occupied a large place in Buddhist 
lought. A most interesting and informing little volume on this 
ibject has appeared (1914) in the Quest Series from the pen 
' Mrs. Rhys Davids (G. Bell & Son, London, pp. X-f20S. 2s.6d.). 
is well worthy one's careful perusal for the light it will 
irow upon the origins and development of Buddhist thought. 

Dr. Brodeur has given us in his version of Snorris' Prose Edda 
i\.mer.-Scand. Foundation, 1916. $1.50) easy and pleasant access 
I this interesting bo^y of Icelandic legend nnd tradition. The 
anslation reads v/ell, and yet comparison shows that it stays 
ose to the meaning of the original. The introduction is both 
)od and brief. The volume is valuable for those who are in- 
irested in the comparative study of literature or of religion. 

By Rodney L. McQuary 

The Origin and Groirtlr of the Hehreir ReUfjion. by Henry 
. Fowler of Brown I^niversity. Pages XV and 18-1. T^niversity 
- Chicago Press, 1916. 

Those who are acquainted with Professor Fowler's Historii 
^ the Literature of Ancient Israel and Outlines of Biblical 
istory and Literature (Sanders and Fowler) will welcome this 
test work. The book is notable, not for any new positions ad- 
mcec'. but as a successful presentation of the results of the 
istorical method in study of Hebrew religion and literature — 
iccessful for the purposes of a text for college students or other 
iblical classes of equal advancement. It does not assume too 
uch knowledge on the part of the student, on the one hand. 
3r err upon the opposite side of too great simplicity. The 
lapter headings are as follows : General Siirvey, The Deliver- 
ice and the Covenant, the Wars of Yahveh, Religion and the 
ational Life, The God of Justice and Love, The Exalted God 
L the Nations, Religion and Law, The Discovery of the Indi- 
idual, Two Ideals from the Exile, Legalism Triumphant, The 
wo Hopes, Israel's Contribution to T'niversal Religion. At the 


coDclusion of each chapter a list of supplementary readings, 
chosen from the best books, is given. The compass and thor- 
oughness of the book, its modern, yet constructive approach and 
by no means least, its reasonable price — all commend its choice 
as a textbook or guide. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 

The book of the month is our own Professor O. B. Clark's 
Doicning's Civil War Diary (Des Moines, Historical Department 
of Iowa, 1916; vi, 325 pp.). In editing the diary of Sergeant 
Alexander G. Downing of Iowa, Professor Clark has performed 
a distinct and unique service for the history of the Civil War. 
Mr. Downing, a soldier boy with only a meagre education, kept 
an account of the daily occurrences curing the war. Tears after 
when the value of the diary was pointed out, the author felt 
keenly the defects of the original and rewrote it mingling much 
of reminescense with the earlier matei'ial. The two documents 
were placed in the hands of Professor Clark, who restored the 
thought and feeling of the original diary, but left the correct 
literary form of the later document. The work gives a vivid 
picture of a soldier's life, in camp, on the march, on battlefield 
and in hospital, during the whole period of the war. Mr. Down- 
ing spent the early part of his enlistment in Missouri, took 
part in the campaigns in western Tennessee, was a participant 
in the campaign against and capture of Vicksburg, was with 
►Sherman on the March to the Sea, returned north through tho 
Carolinas and Virginia, was present at the Grand Review hi 
Washington, and was mustered out at Louisville. 

The 1910 issue of the American Year Bonk (X. Y., Apple- 
tons. 1917; xviii, S62 pp.) is fully up to that of the previous yean 
It is a history of the events of the year in all lines of human 
activity. The vohxme is conveniently divided into 82 department? 
and is furnished with an excellet index. History, international 
relations, government, military and naval affairs, economii s and 
finance, social and labor problems, agriculture, manufacturing, 
commerce, sciences, religion, art, literature and education, i 
among the sub.iect which are treated. Th.e treatment of the 
Great W^ar and its effects upon the world deserve spe'^ial men- 


m. Each department gives a brief, but comprehensive survey 
the progress of the year. The American Year Book is one of 
e best reference bool^s for a library. 


By Lee E. Cannon 

Professor A. H. Quinn's Representative American Plays (Cen- 
ry Co., 1917, $2.75) is a handy collection of twenty-five plays, 
lich show the development of American drama, a thing com- 
Dnly thought of as non-existent, and extremely inaccessible in 
ly case. 

The plays extend from Thos. Godfrey's The Prince of Parthia, 

767) to Rachel Crother's IJe and tihe, and include specimens 

the work of I'aiue, Willis. Julia Ward Howe, Boucicault, 

oody, Thomas am others. There is a short introduction to 

ch play explaining its signiticance and a good bibliography. 

The volume gives a picture of American life reflected from 
lother angle. Although the technique of most of the plays seems 
icidedly crude and old-fashioned, when compared with much 

German and French drama of the same period, the plays 
emselves offer an admirable gei;eral view of a branch of Am- 
ican literature which has been hitherto largely ignored. 

The editors of Poetry attempt to present in The New Poetry; 
I Anthology (Macmillan. 1917, $1.75) representative work of 
e younger group of English and American poets. All of the 
>ems included were published after 1900. The result is quite 
teresting and illuminative. 

The Neir Poetry, according to those who claim to know, 
ffers from the old not merely in details of form and diction. 
s aim is "a concrete and immediate realization of life," what- 
■er that may be. Its ideal of absolute simplicity and sincerity 
commendable. Quite often, however, the indivicuality expressed 
ems to approximate zero, and the rouge of appeal is limited, 
lie lack of intellectual content is very apparent. At times, 
3 "vitality" is trivial. There is in it, though, much that is 
;autiful and true. 

As a serious, though at times extravagant experiment, as 
sincere endeavor to express contemporary life and thought, the 
ew Poetry deserves enf oTiragenient, whether it does express it 


or not remains a question. Even Miss Monroe admits tliat she 
doesn't know whitlier tlie new movement is going, but she feels 
confident that it is on the way. It is possible that it is ad- 
vancing toward the rear or in a circle. I recommend the book 
as a rather stimulating irritant. If taken with a good dose 
of the old poetry, the results may not prove detrimental. 


Edited by Roy C. Flickinger 
I. W. Livingstone: The Greek Genius and its Meaning to 
Us. (Oxford University Press, 1916). 

in these days when we boast so much of devoting our energies 
to studies, that function, many are apt to assign to the Greek 
hmguage the opprobrious epithet of '"dead" and in consequence 
to overlook the fact that the literature, even when it must be 
unlocked by the translator's key, is a permanent living force 
and ideal. Even the language forms the warp and woof of our 
vocabulary in every domain of science and thought — in physiol- 
ogy, geology, history, psychology, politics, anarchism, tyranny, 
democracy, etc.. all of which are Greek words. The author of 
this book presents to us in popular style and yet in concise and 
scientific form such an analysis of the spirit and genius of this 
wonderful people expressed in their literature as will appeal 
to any student of our modern life — even to him who has had no 
first hand acquaintance with the language, or. what is infinitely 
worse, who has had a painful operation performed on his youth- 
ful mentality by a teacher who had not himself caught the gleam 
of the divine glory of Hellas in her prime. 

The salient qualities of the Greek genius, whifh Livingstone 
calls "notes of Hellenism" are Beauty. Freedom, Directness, Hu- 
manism, Sanity and Manysidedness. While we have a "picture 
gallery" sense of beauty that can be turned on and off like a 
tap, the Greeks lived in an atmosphere of beauty which touched 
and transformed their lives. To them the good was beautiful 
and the evil ugly — victory, temperance, eloquence, punishment of 
vice, frankness and wisdom were not merely good, they were 
beautiful. Their word for the note of preedom was "Parr- 
heesia" which is used often in the New Testament and trans- 
lated "boldness of sjieech." The Greeks were not restrained by 


•eligion or politics from seeing things as they are. While in 
)ther nations and even at the present time with all its boasted 
freedom man moves in a narrow and carefully watched mode 
)f existenr-e and. maimed and mutilated, with one eye and 
me hand enters the Kingdom of God, here alone man was 
lot sacrificed to God or his country but allowed to see life steadily 
md see it whole. This was by reason of the fact that, while the 
lew accepted the God that was i-evealed to him. the Greek 
;hought his go^s out. 

The most striking note is directness. The Greek saw things 
is they are and was content with expressing their actual quali- 
ies, and this determined his whole idea of the world and his 
dew of life. This naturally leads to humanism. The Greeks 
were humanistic- in a real sf^nse. They humanized life and reli- 
gion. They made their gods in their own image. The modern 
world might seem to be swinging round to this philosophical 
losition, for. while a few ascetics cut themselves off from life, 
most men feel that common humanity is not inconsistent with 
:heir creed and humanism is a favorite word with both Comtism 
md Pragmatism and populnr writei's like jNIaeterlink. Wells and 
Gralsworthy, search in the human being himself for a revela- 
:ion of what he should be. But the Greek humanism differpd 
'rom the modern in taking a more central* view of humanity. In 
ts literature, as in Shakespeare. Scott and Goethe, real men move 
iiefore us not as in a problem play but as in life. 

The book as a whole is fascinating in its interest and stu- 
lents of literature, philosophy nnd religion will feel the charm 
if its freshness and force. 

F. O. Norton, Drake University. 


By Perry J. Rice 
These are revealing days. We are seeing how close we are 
to the jungle. The elemental passions are being released. The 
ivar dogs are loosed. Doubtless the President is still moved by 
:he lofty idealism which has characterized his administration 
from the beginning, but the masses have no such vision. The 
3hiboleths which are going the rounds reflect the popular feei- 
ng, and measure our civilization. We are interested in pro- 


tectiug our imtional "dignity" and "honor." We are determined 
to insist upon our "rights" at any cost of blood or treasure. 

Leading Democrats here on tlie border, who, a year ago 
denounced the President in unrestrained terms for his refusal 
to go to war with Mexico, are now promoting mass meetings 
to pledge the people to his support. Those who refuse to follow 
their leadership are roundly denounced as traitors to their 
country. Everything possible is being done to inflame the pas- 
sions of the masses. The newspajjers are proclaiming that a 
state of war now exists, and there is evidenced on every hand 
a sort of flendish glee that now at length we are about to 
enter the horrible maelstrom that is engulfing the earth. 

Dr. Parkhurst was well within the limits of the truth when 
he said recently : "Our civilization is brilliant but it is un- 
holy." Even preachers and churches are being carried oft" their 
feet by the wave of war feeling that is sw^eising over the coun- 
try. The war advocates are glad to get the endorsement of the 
churches and they appeal for it in subtle ways that make it 
seem a religious duty to grant it. In announcing a mass meet- 
ing of citizens in my city the other day the morning paper stated 
that every priest and preacher who could be reached by phone 
had endorsed the proposed meeting. Upon invest"igation it was 
found that just one protestant mir.ister had been interviewed 
with reference to it, but only one raised his voice in opposition 
to it. The meeting was held of course with military bands to 
call the people together, anc" booming cannon to awaken the 
war spirit, and inflammatory speeches recounting our wrongs at 
the hands of the Germans to arouse patriotism. Already one 
Lutheran church in the city is torn to shreds on account of the 
war agitation. The pastor reported yesterday that one family 
in which there are four men, a father and three sons, all mem- 
bers of the church, was so divided over the question that the 
men would not remain under the same roof even a moment. 
The father and one son declare that in case of war they will 
cross the border into Mexico and fight America. The other two 
sons say, "When you start across the line we will follow you 
and fill your bodies with bullets." Alas, how far we ai-e even 
in our churches from realizing the if'eals of Jesus. 

But what has all this to do with the Chamber of Pastoral 
Duties? Much indeed! Is it not clearly the pastor's duty to 


aim the passions of people. Perhaps we should go to war, I 
m not denying the possibility of it. The heavens are dark 
bove us with the war clouds that hover near. But if we must 
o to war let us do it with a calm consciousness of all that is 
nvolved in it and not in frenzied haste and excitement. Surely 
ve should stand by the President but there are better ways of 
loing it than holding mass meetings and arousing passions all 
00 easily stirred. It is a great day for pastors to show their 
oyalty to Christ in holding steadily before the gaze of the people 
lis splendid idealism, and pleading for the exercise of a higher, 
iroader patriotism than the masses yet know. There are many 
leople in our churches who will quickly respond to such leader- 
hip and thus we may help to hasten on the better day. 


By Et.lsworth Farts 

Creative InteJliqence by .Tohn Dewey and others, pp. 407. 
Cew York, Henry Holt and Company, 1917, $2.00 net. 

This is a great time for a writer of philosophical reviews. 
Treat books are written these Tays in many fields, particularly 
n this field, and one of the mo'^t noteworthy of all — certainly 
he book of the year — is thp one about which I am now writing. 
t is such a book as will rejoice the heart of all those whose 
)hilosophizing seeks a closer touch with our human problems, 
quote the publisher's note on the cover : 

This is the doctrine of Pragmatism in a new form. Aiming 
it a formulation more comiirehensively considered, more widely 
)ased than William James' prophetic but tentative expression 
if a few years pasf. the authors here repudiate nil that is purely 
icademic in contemporary thought, and demand for philosophy 
lirect preoccupation with present-day problems. 

On this basis the authors direct a vigorous polemic against 
he dialectics and "disingenuous apologetics" of current Ideal- 
sm, and construct an exposition of safe and sane thought, 
eaving little room for vague mysticism which has sought to 
■ntreneh itself behind the scientific conceptions of the hour. 

The book should appeal to philosophers as being the first con- 
Idered pronunciamento of the pragmatists as a school, and to 
he public nt large as linking iihilosophy. so far too remote. 


with the life of every man and of every day. 

Eight authors, now teaching in five universities, are rep- 
resented in the volume. John Dewey writes on The Need for o 
Recovery of Phllosoplnj, A. W. Moore taking the subject, Re- 
formation of- Logic; H. C. Brown's theme is Intelligence and 
Mathematics; G. H. Mead's subject is ficicntlfic Method and thr 
Individual Thinker; B. H. Bode has a brilliant chapter on Con 
sciousness and Psychology ; H. W. Stewart discusses The Phasef, 
of Economic Interest, while the theme of The Moral Life auA 
the Construction of Values and Standards is treated by J. H, 
Tufts, the final chapter being by H. M. Kallen on Value ano 
Existence in Philosophy, Art and Religion. 

No one interested in philosophy can afford to neglect this 
book. The limits of space prevent any detailed discussion her( 
though it may be possible in a subsequent contribution to men 
tiou some of the important statements and positions. 


By Et-isworth Fari^- 

I am wondering whether the lack of published noti''es m 
reactions to the suggestion maTe in the February Bulletin foi 
an altered method of conducting our business means lack o' 
interest or merely a feeling that space is not available for the 
expression of opinions. I should be glad to allot my own quots 
of inches to this purpose, if necessary, but I think the editoi 
would be glad to make room for brief communications. 

The more I think of it. the more I nm of the opinion thn' 
our business could be conducted better by correspondence, ;iiic 
that a great wealth of interest which now has no channel woulr 
be released for service. At least a dozen committees might b( 
at work all the time on problems and enterprises of great im 
])ortance. Today I saw a two-column, illustrated, display "i\d' 
of an evangelist, with an editorial note calling attention to tlu 
ad. Could not a committee on ministerial ethics help well 
meaning people to see the harm of this? Would it not be bet^C' 
to vote this motion down than to let it perish for v.ant of ; 

Dr. Ellsworth Faris has written me. asking me to publisl 
my opinion as to the value of the suggestion of doing Institut* 


usiness by mail. Though not usually numbered among the con- 
ervatives. I must confess to a conservative reaction toward the 
Ian proposed. I suggest two objections, one practical, the other 

The secretary and I have had considerable experience cor- 
esponding with Institute members and in taking polls of senti- 
lent. I think it entirely possible for a communication on Insti- 
iite business to bring back responses from fewer men than at- 
snded our annual meeting last summer. That would mean 
mailer participation in Institute business and not larger. 

In the second place, in the name of social psychology, con- 
erning which Dr. Faris knows so much more than I do, I would 
liggest that the social situation of a meeting, however small, 
imulates us all to think far more effectively on Institute prob- 
ms. If one granted that a vote by mail brought more dem- 
racy, which I have questioned above, might not the annual 
leeting mean more in the way of efBcienc.v? The latter word 
as come to be very precious to me. 

I do not express my opinion with any degree of positiveness. 
he way we do business is of small concern to me as compai'ed 
ith the ideal interests of our organization. It is with the 
istitute as the symbol of scholarship and piety joined in the 
rvice of the Disciples of Christ that I am chiefly concerned. 



By the time that these words are in print, wo shall prob- 

)ly have the galley proofs of the anniversary volume of the 

impbell Institute Progress. Orders are coming in both from 

ir members and from men outside the Institute who have 

(ard that we were publishing a book. There is a double satis- 

ction in reading a book ahead of the crowd and in being able 

discuss it intelligently. Our new book is sure to come into 

ominence among the Disciples as soon as it is off the press. 

you want your book right off the press, it will be necessary 

send an advance order on the blank which is enclosed in 

is copy of the Bulletin. Your Institute loyalty will not allow 

u to be slow in ordering your copy of the book. 

118 -''"' " 


By Edward A. Henry 

Fred K. Deining formerly of Des Moines is now teacliinj. 
in the High Scliool at Laurium, Mich. His address is 437 
Hecla St. 

Our surmise was correct. Charles A. Lockhart sends in his 
address as Plemlock and Benton Aves., Helena, Mont. He is 
preaching for the church in that capital city of Montana and is 
very happy in his new work though he has not yet fully decided 
to remain in the northwest. His family is still in Canton, Mo., 
but if all goes well they will shortly move to Helena. 

Charles S. Earley has located his home at Liberty, Mo. 
though he himself is still on the road in evangelistic work. He 
regrets that he cannot attend the summer meeting because he 
has a meeting in Arkansas upon the dates we have chosen. 

Hugh li. Davidson is working diligently in his new field 
at White Hall, 111. He has a training class working on a course 
published by the University of Chicago Press and is boosting a 
community Boy Scout movement. For Holy Week he is planning 
a series of meetings in which he will use Augustine's Confes- 
sions and the Imitatio Christi. He moves that the Bulletin 
be made a fortnightly visitor instead of a monthly. 

T. F. Keavis writes that his work was never more promising 
than now. The Sunday School has outgrown its building. Re- 
cently he took the confessions of six fine young people. He re- 
ports twenty on the "waiting list" for baptism. Mr. Keavis is 
continuing his studies in the National Fniversity at Buenos 
Aires and hopes to make his Ph.D. degree there. He recently 
stood second in a large class in the History of Philosophy. 

Dr. Peckham writes from Hiram to send in his dues and 
adds, "'I wish that the C. I. men might know how much good 
their letter of last summer did me — what good cheer and in- 
spiration it brought into my life just at the time when I needed 
it most. The letter is one of my keepsakes." He is planning 
to be present at the meeting this summer and trusts that no 
operation shall arise to wreck his plans again as happened last 

Dr. Arthur Holmes remits his dues and expresses his pleas- 
ure in the monthly visit of the Bulletin which, he feels, keeps 
him in touch with a Inrge group of men in whom he is deeply 



B. F. Dailey sends a "double headed daddy dollar bill" for 
ues anc' adds, "I am in my fifth year's work at Mooresville. The 
hurrhes here recently had a union evangelistic meeting led by 
he Pnrr Evangelistic Co. Mr. Barr is a Quaker. Sixty addi- 
ions vk^ere our share. Also the Methodist pastor has asked for 
he use of my baptistry to baptize 25 of his union meeting con- 
erts though the Quaker evangelist never mentioned baptism, 
''erily Christian T'niori is not only coming but it is coming our 

Lee D. MacClean of Brunswick. Me., sends his dues along 
i'ith a note that he always enjoys the visits of the Bulletin. 
Te does not expect to be in the middle west this summer. 

TI. .J. Loken recently gave a stereopticon lecture in Q. F. 
rordan's church in Evanston. 111. The subject was "The Land of 
he Midnight Sun." 

"Pirate Chief Bodney McQuary" was a line which our eyo 
'ecently discoverec" in the Eureka College Bulletin. After we 
■ecovered from our shock of horror we read the item and discov- 
ered that Eureka recently produced "The Pirates of Penzance" 
ind ]Mr. McQuary was "loading man." 

O. F. .Jordan recently journeyed to his former charge in 
^ockford, TIL. where he addressed a men's banquet at which 
he men of the church were organized for effective work. 

The old First Church buik'ing in Philadelphia has been sold 
"or $1S,000. The new lot is paid for and $34,500 is on baud toward 
;he new home in which Irving S. Chenoweth will soon be serving. 

A. L. Ward was recently called to Bowling Green, Ky., but 
le has decided to remain at Lebanon where his work has been 
50 successful for a number of years. There have been 200 addi- 
:ions to the church during the last year. 

The members of the Institute extend heartiest congratula- 
:ions to Mr. and Mrs. Addison L. Cole upon the birth of Addison 
Lewis Cole, Jr.. upon March 11. Mr. Cole is at Brookfield, Mo. 

The latest book by an Institute member is Burris Jenkins' 
The Man in the Street anrl Relif/inn. It is already winning much 
favorable mention. 

Plans are already being made for a large attendance from 
L'ound about Chi^iago at the first course of Disciples' Divinity 
House Lectures of the new foundation which will be delivered 


April 17-19 by H. D. C. Maclaelilau. All of our men withiu reach 
of Chicago will enjoy these lectures. 

Chas. II. (Swift's letter head which came along with his check 
for dues shows that he is now Secretary of the Department of 
Religious Education for the Third District of the Missouri 
Christian Missionary Society. 

We learn with regret that Dr. H. O. Breefen has been com- 
pelled to undergo treatment at a sanitarium for inflammatory 
rheumatism. We trust that his recovery may be speedy. 

Baxter Waters of Lathrop, Mo., has been called to the pastor- 
ate of the West End Church of Atlanta. Ga.. and has accepted. 
He has been at Lathrop for eight years in a very happy pastorate. 

Finis Idleman has been taking a short vacation in Wilson. 
N. C, where, however, he spoke twice every Sunday he was there. 

Burris A. Jenkins is the Easter Sunday preacher at the I"ni- 
versify of Chicago. 

Since Lin D. Cartwright went to Fort Collins, Colo., about 
two years ago there have been 200 additions to the church. 61 
of which came in a recent meeting. 

The Marion (O.) Tribune recently contained a splendid tribute 
to the place which C. A. Pearce and his good wife fill in the life 
of the community at large as well as in their own church. 

We extend our deepest sympathy to Milo Atkinson who lost 
his father late in February. Death came quietly without a day 
of sickness or a moment of suffering. 

Between January 1 and March 1 Edgar DeWitt Jones re- 
ceived I OS into the First Church at Bloomington of which 83 were 
by baptism. Mr. .Tones has been giving Bible Studies to large 
Wednesday evening audiences. 

In a recent home force "Get Together Meeting" in Colorado 
Springs, Claire L. Waite received S4 into the church, 54 of whom 
were by confession and baptism. 

A. L. Chapman closed three weeks of meetings on March 7 
which resulted in SO additions to the chruch of which a3 were 
by baptism. 

Chas. S. Earley closed meetings at Potwin, Kans.. on Feb. 
26 with seventy-one additions and nine thousand dollars sub- 
scribed on a new building. 

A. P.. Philputt of Indianapolis is in meetings at Pluntington, 

tampbell Sn0titute Bttlletm 

OLUME 13 MAY, 1917 NUMBER 8 


The war oomes a little nearer to Campbell Institute members 
ith the going of Burris A. Jenkins into the trenches in the 
, M. C. A. service in Europe. The dangers that he will face 
ill be real ones, not only to reach the field of his labors but to 
irry on his work afterwards. May he have a safe voyage and 
ve to tell us all about it when the war is over. 

The prospects for our annual meeting are the best ever for 
le time of year. The time has come when the Campbell Insti- 
ite meeting is much larger than the Congress. We lament the 
aall size of the Congress but it teaches a lesson. Progressive 
eas must be organized and not left floating around loosely, 
ad not the Campbell Institute persisted in its organization in 
le face of much opposition, the Disciples of Christ would have 
) place where teachers and preachers might meet to cultivate 
■ogressive conceptions of religion. 

It is worth noting that none of the professors accused of 
iresy at the College of the Bible are now members of the Insti- 
ite. The cause of progress among the Disciples is bigger than 
le Institute as we have always known. The death of the Insti- 
ite would never have brought us peace, though a few timid 
>uls used to think so. The Institute as such is not concerned 
ith the actions of the professors or trustees of the College of 
le Bible, but the members of our organization are a public 
hich will su]»port free learning. 

Like Mt. Vesuvius, the ChriMian Standard erupts at irreg- 
ar intervals. It is just now throwing out much smoke, but is 
)t at all dangerous. There are many signs that this old vol- 
mo will soon be extinct. It has been decreasing in subscription 
5t, but far more serious is the loss of confidence in the public 

More than one of our men should use his summer vacation 


this summer to brood over the book he ought to write. Th( 
record of our members this year is not bad, but we are not writ 
ing enough. This generation should leave its ideas in permanem 
form so they will not fail to become operative in the days t( 


By Edward 8cribner Ames 
I wish I could tell you how a man feels toward a younj 
ohap like you. For one thing he sees in you the charm of youth 
as it is called. As a philosopher once said, this is one of th( 
three things which people never appreciate until they are gone 
Youth, health and wealth have a strange way of making uf 
unconscious of themselves while we possess them but they begii 
to parade their charms the moment they escape from us. Th( 
poor beggar dreams of his more fortunate days and thinks how 
grateful and careful and charitable he would be now if lie coulc 
recover again even half of what he has lost. The sick man mar 
vels that people who can walk about and mingle with theii 
friends and eat hearty meals with toothsome hunger do nol 
shout aloud their gratitude to (Jod and man. It is quite the 
same when a man begins to be aware of the glad free spirit o1 
youth. He knows that the very fact that he thinks of it is evi 
dence that he no longer has it in the full measure of earliei 
years. And when he finds himself seated in life's bleacher> 
marvelling at the passing show in which the dancing forms oi 
girls and boys embody the energy and joy of an unspent and 
lavish nature, he does not need to look in the mirror or count 
his years to know that he is more an onlooker than a participant 
in the drama. I am not intending to say that there are nc 
charms in other periods of life as well as in youth, but they are 
different, and it must be admitted that youth is uniciue and can 
not be beckoned back. It is not a thing of rouge and spats. 

The next best thing to having youth is to be (m good term;^ 
with those who have it, for one may then catch its radiance am 
share in its warmth and energy. I remember an old professoi 
of mathematics who had reached the age for retirement from thi 
college faculty. He was not given to speech making but he wa^ 
persuaded to give a little talk in chapel at the close of his las 


ear. I can recall only one thing he said. He stood there at 
18 end of his thirty-five years in that one school and looked out 
per the hundreds of students and beyond them to the other 
undreds and thousands he had taught and said, "The thing 
'hich impresses me most as I think back over the past is the 
-esh interest and enthusiasm with which each year a new class 
f students comes into these halls." There was a tone of genuine 
we in his voice. It was evidently a subject over which he had 
rooded much and which eluded all his formulae and equations, 
[e could see that army of young men and women hurling itself 
gainst his trigonometry, analytical geometry and calculus, fall- 
ig before his fortifications, wounded by his assaults, yet contin- 
ing to come on with increasing numbers, undaunted by the for- 
mes of others and gay with the sense of the adventure. The 
•onder of it had grown ujwn him as he felt his own powers 
'■ane, and at the last he could scar-^ely think of anything else 
ut these audacious, jesting youngsters sweeping up the august 
cademic heights, confident and eager and all gloriously un- 
ware of the misgivings and insoluble problems which were 
usliing in upon his own soul. 

Here then are two reasons why I like to keep up my asso- 
iations with you. You interest me by this magical quality in 
our young blood which is all unconscious of itself but con- 
tantly drives you forward with hope and ardor where other men 
ave failed or have attained but little of their dreams. And 
tien I catch a little of your spirit, shake off the sense of the 
outine and talk over great plans and projects and come back 
my tasks refreshed. 

Tt may surprise you to hear me say it. but I must confess 
hat in this respect you make me more religious. Christianity 
as this quality deep in its heart. Jesus was a young man and 
led before his vitality was broken. He came up against old 
ystems of thought and old conventions of society with the inno- 
enceandthe daring of a boy. He set up his judgment against 
he teachers of the olden time, ridiculed the dignitaries of his 
iay as hypocrites and drew more practical, spiritual lessons from 
rees and rocks than they had found in all their ancient lore. 
)f these things you may read for yourself in the fifth, sixth and 
eventh chapters of the book of Matthew. Christianity is a 
eligion of revolution and social experimentation and when 


rightly understood it attracts to itself men of your age and type 
who cannot rest content with things as they are but feel im- 
pelled to change them into something better. 

It was just because Christianity was so youthful and so 
idealistic that it became for a few centuries a religion of another 
world. For a time it could see no hope of getting along with 
the Roman government and a caste system of society and it 
determined on an extreme and rather violent plan which was 
nothing less than to ignore this present world as far as possible 
and to prepare people for another life after death. That hard 
and unnatural course appealed to many brilliant .young men. 
St. Augustine was one of them. He was a gay youth, worldly 
and profligate and restless for new adventures. After he had 
tried the ordinary things by which a fiery young fellow would 
be challenged, he tried also philosophies and religions and finally 
found in Christianity something big enough and visionary enough 
to engage him in an unwearied struggle for the rest of his life. 
He despaired of developing human nature directly into some- 
thing good and godlike and undertook with others to show that 
it is necessary to transform the natural man by a miraculous 
visitation of divine grace. He turned in the ardor of his soul, 
to that other world after this in which those fortunate enough 
to be divinely chosen should dvvell. 

Now Christianity is back upon the earth and progress to try 
out the finest ideals of life which can be made. It is willing to 
make trial of itself by a new method, the method of working 
within the world and through human nature rather than against 
it. There is much reason to believe that this is nearer the inten- 
tion of Jesus and that it will be more successful than the other 
world plan which was tried for over a thousand years. The 
other world mentioned was to come up to a young man like you 
and say, "You are a wretched sinner and need to have a new 
heart given you from above so that you may be at peace in this 
life and escape eternal punishment hereafter." The newer methoc 
comes to you and says, "There is a way by which you can makt 
more of yourself than you are doing." You realize that this is 
what you really desire aiid you would be glad to be associatec 
with a company of people who are trying to get the most out oj 
life for themselves and for all other people in the world, anc 
are having a fine time doing it. Religion, in this view, may b( 


lustrated by your experieuce at parties. Religion is represented 
y those animated, liappy souls who are in the conversation, and 
?ho feel at home. There are others who seem outside. They 
re silent. They are restless. You tell me that a fellow ought 
get into things, be a mixer, and play the game. When I ask 
ou why you think so, the only answer I get is that such men 
re more human, folks like them better, and they get more out 
f it. The punishment of those who stay outside is simply that 
hey do not get so much enjoyment or experience, and do not 
elp the class or the school to be so worth while. 

Religion may be thought of as the active co-operation of the 
eighbors in a community with reference to the best interests of 
he community, and of other communities so far as these can be 
ffected. These interests as interpreted by religion include the 
Teat ideal spiritual values. If any one wants to know why 
hese should be cultivated the best reasons are those you give 
or taking part in college activities. Those who do so strike 
leeper into the real things of life. They get bigger experiences 
,nd they help to radiate good will and a sense of brotherhood in 
he world. 

— From a Sermon-Letter in the Disciple Messenger 


By Perry J. Rice 

Every Campbell Institute man will want to read Burris A. 
fenkins' recent book entitled The Man in the Street and Religion. 
t is not at all adequate to say that it will amply repay reading. 
:t will enrich the reader intellectually and spiritually ; it will 
Lwakeii new hope in his soul ; it will stimulate and revive him. 
^fter reading the first pai'agraph of the first chapter he will 
leed no exhortation to read on. Indeed simply glancing over the 
ndex and noting the chapter titles and subtitles makes one hun- 
;ry to devour the contents of the book. 

It is needless to say that the book possesses literally merit 
)f a vei-y high order, for the men who know the author, as most 
Campbell Institute men do, would expect that. But this is only 
)ne of the charms of the book. Its spirit and tone is strikingly 
;vangelical. It discloses in every sentence a deep sympathy with 
;he common man and a warm-hearted desire that this man with 


his inherent religious nature shall be led to know Christ as tht 
prophet for his mind ; the priest for his soul, and the king of his 
will. His interpretation of Christ is all that the most evangelica: 
mind could desire. But the book is also modern. The authoi 
shows himself familiar with the scholarship of the age and in 
deep sympathy with the new learning. He understands the 
meaning and the implications of the modern viewpoint, and so 
there is a freshness about the book that is altogether satisfying, 

But the real merit of the book is not to be found in its 
literary style, nor in its evangelical spirit, nor yet in its note ol 
modernism. It is rather to be found in the wholesomeness of its 
philosophy. The author believes that every man is essentially 
religious, that there are "unsounded depths in the average man." 
He says, "We are at last dimly discerning that men have got 
religion already. They do not need to get it. They only need to 
develop it." If this is heresy it is the kind of heresy that preach- 
ers and churches everywhere should encourage for it is both 
wholesome and Christian. 

If I were asked to name the chapter which appeals to me 
most I think it would be the one entitled "The Charmed Life; 
or The Relation of Man to the Laws of the World."" It is a 
classic from every standpoint. It ranks in merit with some of 
the writings of Henry Drummond and could, it seems to me, be 
circulated as a tract with great profit to many classes of readers. 
I covet for every pastor in our group the joy of reading this 
delightful book. It will stimulate his faith both in the great 
things of the gospel and in the man for whom the gospel was 
intended. It will also dispel many a doubt as to the value of 
preaching and awaken a new passion for the exercise of this 
highest of the arts. 


By order of the Executive Committee it is announced that 
the following amendment to the By-laws will be brought u]) for 
consideration at the next annual meeting : 

To insert at the beginning of Article III, Section 1, the fol- 
lowing words : Regular members shall pay an initiation fee of 
$.5, which shall be returned in case such members attend an an- 
nual meeting of the Institute within five years of their election. 


By Ellsworth Fakis 

The appearance of volume one, number one of the Journal 
if Applied Psychology to be issued quarterly from Clark Univer- 
ity, calls attention to the remarkable development of technical 
(ublieations in psychology in the United States. If one counts 
he Educational Psychology Monographs as a distinct series, and 
t has a special editor, we have now twenty vigorous and suc- 
:essful publications in this special field, a number approached by 
10 other country. Half of these are published from two centers, 
ive from "Worcester, Mass., under the leadership of G. Stanley 
lall, and five from Princeton, N. J., under a board of editors 
icattered over the country. The special fields of animal, abnor- 
nal, educational, experimental, clinical, religious, social, and 
■acial psychology are all taken care of, so that there is hardly 
my sort of investigation of a psychological character which could 
lot be written up in a journal specially devoted to that partic- 
ilar interest. It is easy to see that this is not only effect, but 
!ause. It results from a lively interest and occasions and calls 
rat effort and research. Perhaps the best 'one from a layman's 
itandpoint. if one desires to know what is doing over the whole 
ield, is the Psychological Bulletin, published monthly at Prince- 
ou, N. J., at $2.75 a year. It attempts to give brief notice of 
ill the noteworthy publications both of books and articles, in 
lie whole field for the year. Those with special interests will 
ind a journal specially limited to their field. 

This gives occasion to speak of the comparative value of 
^.merican psychological investigation. Our place Is one of which 
we may well be proud. It is doubtless true that America is 
loing more work in psychology than any other country. Professor 
I!attell, editor of Science, and other journals, is of this opinion. 
3o long ago as fifteen years, we were doing more experimental 
ivork than any other country, judging by the comparative num- 
ber of reviews noted in the German Zeitschrift fur Psychologie. 
In the English publication, Who's Who in Science, published in 
1913, 84 of the world's leading psychologists are attributed to 
:he United States, 31 to Germany, 27 to England, and 13 to 
France. These would almost warrant the opinion that there are 
probably as many "leading psychologists" in the United States 
IS in all the. rest of the world, and at any rate, it is possible to 


claim with conflcience a certain preeminence for American psy- 
cliology. It is interesting to note tliat in no otlier science does 
America rank so higlily. 

One interesting feature of tliis development is that the psy- 
chology of America has, until now, been a borrowed science. It 
has been taken from England and Germany. Next month I shall 
speak of the coming American Psychology. 


By Chas. M. Sharpe 

The Psi/cholog]/ of Religion, by George Albert Coe (Univer- 
sity of Chicago Press, iv, .36-5 pp. $1.50 net). 

The past fifteen years has seen the rise and rapid develop- 
ment of a new study, the psychology of religion. In that time 
there has arisen a group of books of great significance to the 
Christian worker. Starbuck, James, King. Hoffding and Ames 
may be mentioned as representing the leading tendencies. The 
material contained in these various books has been of varied 

Coe confesses that in religion he is an evangelical Christian 
and that in psychology lie works by the functional method of 
study. He insists that no man works in science without pre- 
suppositions and that it is well that these should be known. 
We could wish that all scientists were as frank with reference 
to this important point. 

Objection has been made to the scientific study of religion 
on the ground of its "sanctity." It is a wholesome common 
sense, however, which insists "Whatever the process or mechan- 
ism of conversion or of prayer, the man changes for the better, 
he has more real life than he had before." 

While the point of view of Coe is in general the same as 
that of Ames, being that of the functional psychology, Coe crit- 
icises the work of Ames and of some others as recognizing too 
little the progress of ideas. For instance, the food and sex basis 
of experience receives less emphasis from Coe who would hold 
that the civilized man has come into a vastly bigger world than 
these things represent. 

Coe has the merit of being a clear writer and makes his 
rather difficult subject interesting and understandable. His work 


s one which is to be counted among the necessary books of a 
ninister's library- In the future, the minister who does not 
inderstand the scientific basis of religion will be regarded as 
mfit for his task of educating other people in religion. This 
rolume is one which will not make the minister studying religion 
ess religious but very much more so. 

Orvis F. Jordan. 


By Roy C. Flickinger 

During the Easter recess I attended the annual meeting of 
:he Classical Association of the Middle West and South, which 
vas held this year at Louisville, Ky. The attendance was well 
ibove the average, and a distinct tone of optimism prevailed. It 
s regrettable that more of the classical teachers in our Disciple 
iolleges can not, or at least do not, attend these meetings. Of 
;ourse a few were there and still others are included in the mem- 
)ership list of nearly two thousand. But the fact remains that 
L larger group of Disciples ought to be present each year than 
Lctually appears. 

I recently had occasion to refer to the series of symposia on 
he value of classical studies to various professions, originally 
leld at the University of Michigan and resulting in Prof. Kel- 
ley's "Latin and Greek in American Education," see pp. 60f 
ibove. I hope to return to this volume again at some subsequent 
late. I am reminded of the matter now by having received an 
muouncement of a Conference on Classical Studies in Liberal 
i^ducation. which is to be held at Princeton University on June 
!nd. The addresses are to be given by eminent speakers who 
•epreseut fields of work outside the classics and who, in conse- 
luence, have no professional or personal interests at stake. The 
mrpose of the Conference will be not only to emphasize the im- 
)ortance of classical studies as an essential element in the best 
iberal education along with mathematics, science, history, eco- 
lomics, philosophy, and modern literature, but also to show its 
)ractical value. The resemblance to the Ann Arbor plan is con- 
inued by the fact that it is proposed to incorporate the addresses 
nto a book. 

Friends of real education who have been disturbed bv the 


writings of Abraham Flexner and ex -President Eliot in the 
Atlantic Monthly and elsewhere will be glad to learn that a 
slashing reply has been written by Prof. Paul Shorey and will 
probably appear in the June number of the Atlantic. Prof. 
Shorey does not mince his words but carries the war into Africa 
after the manner of his earlier assault upon Stanley Hall, of 
The School Review XVII (1909), pp. Iff. May the consequences 
be equally salutary ! It is well known that Dr. Eliot's policy 
has been largely repudiated at Harvard since his resignation, 
while Mr. Flexner's wild-cat theories are no more hostile to 
classical studies than to all other branches of sound learning. 


By Herbert Martin 

The events of recent weeks must have S(jbered us all. We 
have concluded, some may think tardily, as to our duty. Our 
moral idealism has surely found itself. Superficial emotionalism 
has given way to sober reflection which is uttering itself in plau- 
ful action. 

Patriotism is neither an emotional spasm nor a spasmodic 
emotionalism. Ecstasies of emotion are transient and must not 
be identified with patriotism. The essence of patriotism is an 
idea which gains in definition, which grows in appreciation, 
which gives fashion to the will and reveals its presence in a con- 
tinuous life of deed. The patriot is consciously possessed of a 
value, judged and appraised as such, which he steadily seeks to 
realize. His is a controlling purpose un-^wervingly and unwaver- 
ingly pursued. The essence of patriotism is a cause seen steadily 
and whole, which claims his devotion, which commands his ener- 
gies, which gives coherence and meaning to his life. Loyalty to 
this cause, politically speaking, makes him a patriot, disloyalty 
a traitor. In terms of religion loyalty to this cause is righteous- 
ness, disloyalty is sin. This cause cannot be self-centered or 
narrowly limited ; it must be none other than the cause of human- 
ity itself. Such objectivity gives righteousness to one's cause. 

The function of all education becomes the making of patriots 
by the circuitous and prosaic way of implanting ideas and ideals, 
of creating and developing interests, through thoughtful appli- 
cation and patient toil, which grow gradually clearer and dearer. 


and increasingly command one's energy and effort. Sucli an one 
by riglit can lay claim to be a person, a patriot. 


By Robert E. Park 

Within the past few years sociologists, or perhaps, more 
properly social psychologists, have begun to turn their attention 
to the study of sentiments and attitudes. Some of us have come 
to believe that what may be called the sentiment-attitude is the 
elemental thing in social psychology just as the sensation, with 
its accompanying motor-impulse, is sometimes regarded as the 
elemental thing in individual psychology. Now sentiments mani- 
fest themselves in behavior, and behavior, in this sense, includes 
speech and written words. This opens up a wide field for obser- 
vation and puts at our disposal a vast material that we had not 
previously been able to use in any effective way. Almost any 
form of literature, philosophy, poetry or history may now be 
used as a means for vinderstanding not merely men's minds work, 
but also individual character, social institutions and the manner 
m which they are formed. 

A few years ago Prof. W. I. Thomas, of the T'niversity of 
Chicago, set out to study after this method, the sentiments and 
attitudes of one immigrant group, the Poles. His assumption 
was that if we are able to deal effectively with our immigrant 
population, we must understand them. We must know wh at c on- 
ventional sentiments and attitudes they bring with them to this 
country. We must be able to see how our life looks from their 
point of view. In that we will know better how to facilitate the 
all-important process of assimilation by which they fit themselves 
into our modes and nodes of life and so become part of us, rather 
than remain alien and unassimilated groups. 

Prof. Thomas spent several years collecting material in this 
country and in Europe. Much of this material was intimate per- 
sonal letters, for it is in these intimate records rather than in 
more formal modes of expression that we obtain the materials 
which give us the most direct access to the fundamental atti- 
tudes of individuals and peoples. 

All this is, however, merely preliminary to tlie suggestion 
that we may study religious, just as well as we are now study- 

132 j 

ing social and political sentiments. I do not know that anyone 
has as yet actually undertaken this task in just the way I have 
suggested but you may certainly expect something of this kind 
in the near future. Materials for this study may be found not 
merely in ritual, creeds, but more particularly in prayers, ill 
songs, and in sermons, as well as in the experiences on which' 
Prof. James based liis classic study in "Types of Religious Ex- 

I say no attempt to study religion in the manner in which 
social psychologists are studying political and social institutions, 
but this is hardly true. There was published last year a notable 
book called "The Drama of Religious Life," by Miss Sears. This 
book was based upon a wide study of ritual, prayer, and other 
forms of religious expression. The aim of this book, however, 
was not so much to discover and distinguish the particular forms 
in which religious sentiments have found expression as to dis- 
cover and express in abstract terms the content of these expres- 
sions. The result was a fascinating piece of philosophical litera- 
ture rather than a body of concrete fact which would serve as a 
basis for further study. 

I mention these facts as an indicator of the character of 
some of the recent studies in this Sociology and as pointing the 
direction in which we may expec-t future investigations of this 
problem to take. My own view is that this point of attack is as 
likely to be much more fruitful and surprising in its results 
than the studies thus far made from the point of view of indi- 
vidual psychology. 


By Edward A. Henry 

As has already been announced July 2."-27 has been tenta- 
tively cliosen for the dates of the coming meeting. Two men 
have expressed their inability to come at this time and suggested 
a change. We are anxious to know at once exactly how many 
men would prefer a date, say, one week later. If there is any 
considerable number that so wish the question of date will be 
submitted to a referendum. Up to the present time forty-nine 
men have written that they are planning to be here July 25-27, 
though several of them are not at all sure that they can be on 



laud. Over forty are certain, dens volens. If you wish a dif- 
ferent date, please notify E. A. Henry, University of Chicago, 
it once. 

The following topics for papers have been submitted and are 
lereby accepted by the Executive Committee : 

Frank Waller Alien, The Gospel of Pacifism. 

C. G. Baker, Church Extension and Its Relation to Com- 
nunity Welfare. 

L. E. Cannon. Dostoievski. 

J. L. Deming, Some Phases of the Immigration Pi-oblem. 

.1. H. Garrison, On Being of Age. (21 Years of Institute 
Ufe. ) 

W. C. Gibbs, Biblical and Religious Instruction in Colleges. 

O. F. Jordan, Some Tendencies in Contemporaneous Fiction, 
IS Illustrated by H. G. Wells. 

T^evi Marshall, The Relative Value of I^ing and Short Pas- 

.lasper T. Moses. Latin America. 

W. C. Payne. Essentials. 

G. A. Peckham, Tbe Wit and Wisdom of the An'ient Greeks. 

R. A. Smith. The Present Trend of Secondary Education. 

A. W. Taylor, The Obligation of the Church to Furnish Re- 
igious Instruction at State Universities and Normal Schools. 

C. R. Wakeley, Reflections of a Business Man. 

J. E. Wolf. Review of Dewey's "Creative Evolution." 

Several other men have asked to be assigned topics which 
riave not yet been chosen. Also there is a possibility of a good 
iebate upon our debt to the Unitarians. Sharpe wants to defend 
:he proposition and Ames to oppose it. Any volunteers for parts 
in the debate will be welcomed. 

All this seems to indicate that tbe meeting this summer is 
?oing to reach the high water mark of last year which means 
tbat it will be well worth a trip even from the coasts to be 

We take pleasure in announcing one new member of the 
Institute. Rev. S. G. Buckner of Somerset, Pa., has just sent in 
his a^^-ceptance of election to Associate Membership last summer. 
He is a brother of C. C. Buckner who has been with us some 
time. Tt is a pleasure to see brothers coming with us. 

After four years at Superior, Wis.. Cecil ,7. Armstrong re- 


ceived an urgent call to continue but he has decided to accept 
the pastorate of the First Congregational Church of Gary, Ind., 
where he will begin work June 24. Hence he will be with us 
once more at the summer meeting. 

H. J. Loken left Berkeley, Cal., some weeks ago and is now 
working in connection with the Union Theological College, where 
he is associated with C. A. Young. His address is 20 N. Ashland 
Blvd., Chicago, 111. 

After several very successful years at Modesto, Cal., J. H. 
McCartney has been called to the pastorate of the Berkeley church 
to succeed H. J. Loken. A recent meeting at Modesto resulted 
in 40 accessions to the church. Mr. McCartney began at Berke- 
ley on May 1. 

R. L. Handley has resigned at Virden, 111., to become the 
Illinois representative of the Christian Board of I'ublication. 
He will make his head<iuarters in Springfield, 111. 

Levi Marshall, who recently resigned at Nevada, Mo., began 
work in Greencastle, Ind., on May 1. This is a great church 
and Mr. Marshall is an experienced leader. 

All members of the Institute join in congratulating Mr. and 
Mrs. Guy W. Sarvis upon the birth of a daughter. Marion Eliza- 
beth, on January 2G. This is the second sister for little David, 
who came to their home shortly after their arrival in China. 

An event, the far-reaching significance of which we will not 
be able to judge for some time, occurred April 17, IS and 19. It 
was the first series of lectures at the University of Chicago under 
the auspices of the Disciples' Divinity House. It is planned to 
make this an annual event. For the present the expenses of the 
lectures will be carried upon the revenue funds but it is 
hoped that some Disciple will speedily oifer an adequate endow- 
ment for this purpose. The lecturer this year was H. D. C. 
Maclachlan of Richmond, Va. The general subject was Modern 
Aids to the Ministry. The first lecture treated of the Value of 
Modern Philosophy, the second of the Value of Psychic Research 
and the third of the Value of Literature to the Ministry. The 
lectures were very well attended in spite of many rival attrac- 
tions in the way of special war lectures upon the campus. On 
Tuesday evening the Hyde Park Church and Memorial Church 
united in a dinner in the lecturer's honor which was attended by 
some sixty people. The dinner was served in Ida Noyes Hall, the 


iw Woman's Building of tlie University. 

When we sent a statement of dues to Leslie W. Morgan of 

)ndon we suggested that he might hold his remittance until 

ter the war. He replied with a check and, "I will run the risk 

this going to the bottom of the ocean since the fishes cannot 

sh it if it does." 

We are in receipt of a note from Graham Frank stating that 
i was ready to call an Institute luncheon at the Congress but 
und the number of people in attendance so small that it was 
)t thought best to divide them up. It is hoped that the meet- 
g in Indianapolis next year will draw a much larger attend- 

On the evening of April 13. O. B. Clark of Drake gave a lec- 
ire before the Chicago Historical Society on "Abraham Lincoln 
id the Poor White Tradition." He showed conclusively that 
•me of the best blood of the great middle class in England and 
' the early settlers in New England ran in the veins of Lincoln. 

We have heard a rumor that Hugh Morrison has enlisted 
ir the work of an army surgeon, but have no confirmation. 

During pre-Easter services Carl A. Burkhardt enjoyed the 
^sistance of Clay Trusty and C. H. Winders for one evening 

C. C. Buckner closed a meeting at Easter with 14 accessions, 
he fiscal year of his church ended March 31 with all debts paid 
ad a balance in the treasury for the first time in many years. 

A two-week decision meeting in Marion, O., Chas. A. Pearce, 
astor, closed Easter with 13 baptisms. 

There were 74 additions to the Danville, Ind.. church on 
aster Sunday. 10 confessions. 16 by letter and 42 had made 
leir confessions during the meetings of the previous week. Chas, 
. Lee is the pastor. 

Maxwell Hall of Columbus. O.. was one of the oflicial dele- 
ates to the National Temperance Council at Washington, D. C, 
[arch 28-29. 

O. F. Jordan has been chosen to deliver four lectures at the 
ethany Assembly this year. 

Ten additions on Easter Sunday made a total of fifty to the 
^yde Park Church of Chicago since October 1, when the church 
ar began. 

When the Merton Ave. Christian Church of Binghamton, 


Tenu., was swept away by a recent tornado Mile Atkinson and 
his McLemore Ave. churcli in Mempliis came to the rescue with 
a contribution of $500. 

Easter Sunday was a great day at Central Church, Indian- 
apolis, when A. B. Philputt received thirty-four into the church. 
More than a thousand were present at Sunday School that 

J. M. Philputt found thirty-five Disciples in the University 
at Charlottesville, Va., whom he brought together and organized 
into a Disciples Club. 

Charles Clayton Morrison has accepted a call to supply the 
Linwood Boulevard Church in Kansas City during Dr. Jenkins' 
absence in Europe doing religious work in the trenches. Mr. 
Morrison will make his home in Kansas City for some six months. 

The El Paso. Texas, church has pre-^ented its pastor, P. J, 
Rice with a Ford car. On Easter Sunday there were .355 in 
Sunday Schopl and 32 additions to the church. 

W. F. Rothenburger reports flfty-one additions to the Frank- 
lin Circle church on Easter Sunday by confessions and twenty- 
nine others by letter. 

Central Church. Youngstown, O.. William Dunn Ryan, min- 
ister,- reports seventy-two additions Easter Sunday. Tbere were 
119S present in Sunday School that day with an offering of 

C. R. Stauffer of the Norwood Church, Cincinnati, recently 
led in the organization of a Sunday School at Mt. Washington. 

Easter brought twenty-seven new members into the Kokomo, 
Ind. church, to whirTi David H. Shields ministers. 

A. W. Taylor was a lecturer at the recent Ministerial Insti- 
tute of Nebraska where he spoke on several social topics. 

O. F. Jordan has been appointed university preacher at the 
University of Chicago for May 27th. He is also announced to 
speak in the church section of the World Ad Club Convention 
early in June. 


The proof reading on the book "Progress" has been completed 
and the book has gone to press. We expect to have the advance or- 
ders for the book filled before +he next issue of the Bfi-letin comes 
out. Those who have not ordered are urged to do so at once. 


tampbell 3mtitutt Bulletin 

'OLUME 13 JUNE, 1917 NUMBER 9 


We are America's men, 

Strong, forceful, and free. 
We are America's men, 

Children of liberty ; 
Ready to march at the trumpet's call, 
Ready to fight, ready to fall — 
And ready to herald. Peace for all ! 

We are America's men. 

We are America's men, 

Brave, dauntless and true. 
We are America's men, 

Ready to dare and do ; 
Ready to wield the sword with might, 
Ready the tyrant's brow to smite — 
And ready to sheathe the sword — for Right ! 

We are America's men. 

We are America's men, 

Loathing the despot's rod, 
We are America's men, 

Under the rule of God : 
Ready to battle giants grim. 
Ready to fight till day grows dim, 
But ready to sheathe the sword — for Him! 

We are America's men. 

Thomas Curtis Clark. 



Those who ha^'e regarded religion as a luxury will begin 
to economize in the time and money expended on the Church. 
There are many people outside the Church, however, who are 
coming into genuine religious interest for the first time in years. 
The war will fan out the chafC. Some people will drop out of 
the churches but many others will come in. The duty of the 
hour for educated Christian men is to show the relationship 
of organized religion to the tasks of our people. 

The appointment of Rodney L. McQuary as assistant sec- 
retary in the foreign society is a significant recognition of the 
value of a university training in the work of administering a 
modern missionary enterprise. The modern missionary secre- 
tary, if he is successful, must be bigger than an emperor for 
he must hold a whole world in the field of his vision. He must 
know how to sympathize with and understand people of various 
stages of culture and with various religious ideas. The man 
who can connect with these ideal interests the ability for prac- 
tical administration is of great service to the cause. 

Just now the reactionary forces are seizing the opportunity of 
putting the German brand on "the new theology" for the purpose 
of creating prejudice^ They say the Germans of fifty years ago 
ceased to believe that .Jonah was ever in the whale's belly or 
that Daniel was ever in the lion's den. Now see what kind of 
people they are! The thing overlooked by the people making 
this argument is that in the rank and file of the ministers there 
are about as many "new theology" people in America as in Ger- 
many. England has come through on critical questions so long 
ago that they longer have much interest in these matters. If 
the new theology is indeed "a doctrine of devils" as a recent 
correspondent aSirms, then the whole world is in for a bad 
time. It is a natural consequence for a man who faces this 
gloomy outlook to despair of the world and turn his eyes to the 
skies where the physical second coming alone offers any hope 
for a lost world. 

These are days that are showing up the theological trimmer 
in his true light. The man who refuses to talk until his time has 


ome is one sort of person. This man's prudence maj- be worthy 
)f all respect. But for the man who blows hot and cold, and talks 
iberal or conservative, depending upon the crowd he is in, we can 
lave only contempt. The pressure that is put on men in our 
'ellowship is producing a crop of these trimmers. They regard 
heir course as diplomatic. In the end they will find themselves 
;courged out of both camps as the poltroons they really are. 

The contempt of many Disciples for church history has led 
IS into many errors. It used to be the pcsition of some of our 
caders that most of the history of the church had been a mis- 
ake and that in the Disciple movement, God was turning back 
he hands on the clock of time ant"! beginning all over again. 
We shall never be able to live in the Christian religion as though 
lineteen hundred years of history had not elapsed. We cannot 
nore either the truth or the error that has resulted from this 
listory. The man who believes in an imminent God, finds it 
hard to believe that God was doing nothing through these nine- 
pen centuries. The experiences and achievements of the great 
^ouls in this history should be understood and appreciated. We 
lo not need a new saint worship, Jiut Disr-iple churches ought 
know much more than they do about the struggles of Chris- 
tian souls in other ages. Only thus shall we completely realize 
the communion of the saints." 

It is highly fitting that Herbert L. Willett. Jr.. should be 
representing the work of Armenian and Syrian Relief in a prom- 
inent way. His years of residence in the very country where 
the world's deepest trouble is now to be found fits him for the 
work of interpreter and leader. His letters urging a continually 
larger co-operation on the part of the churches in relieving dis- 
tress should receive earnest attention from all our men. 

The CAMPBELL INSTITUTE BULLETIN is lai'gely filled with the 
writings of regular contributors who have been appointed for 
their special work. Experience has shown that this is the best 
way to conduct the bulletin rather than to depend upon the 
chance offerings that might come to us. 

We have said before, and repeat it for the sake of the new 
members, that there is always space for short articles of five 


huntlretl words which may be offered by members who are not 
Editors of Chambers. These articles must be of Campbell Insti 
tnte quality but very few offerings have ever been rejected. 

Our desire is to make the bulletin representative in the 
very largest way of the membership and considering our small 
space, it is hard to see how we might hear more voices in a 
year than we now do. 


God, the Invisihle King, by H. G. Wells (Macmillan, xx, 174 
pp. $1.25 net). 

The new interest of H. G. Wells in religion is one of the 
most significant phenomena of the literary world. His recent 
book is really an attempt in systematic theology. Starting out 
with the pragmatif-t conception of God taken from the writings ot 
William Janes to whom he makes hif^ acknowledgment, he 
unfolds an attempted system. 

He holds that Qod is finite, having neither omniscence, omni- 
potence nor omnipresence. There are at least two Gods, God the 
Creator, for whose moral character we are not able to say very 
much that is good, and God the Eedeemer, who came into being 
at some definite point in history but who is immortal. With 
God the Creator we have no religious concern. It is God the 
Redeemer that has fellowship with us and helps us in our 

Wells sets up a definition of Christianity in the terms of the 
credal orthodoxy with which he was familiar in the Established 
church and then proceeds to say that the world has outgrown 
this religion and it should be abolished. He shows but little 
familiarity with the modern evangelicalism represented by men 
of our own Campbell Institute type and others in other religious 

This essay in systematic theology is far from systematic 
and the critics will make mince-meat of it. One of the glaring 
inconsistencies is to read after a socialist who pleads for such 
an individualistic religion that the followers of the finite Gk)d 
are to have no organization and the expediency of their ever 
holding a meeting is to be questioned. All of this ignores the 


findings of our modern studies of religion whicli show that 
religion can flourish only in a social situation. 

The bookstores are not able to keep in stock with the book, 
however, and from a circulation standpoint it promises to be the 
religious book of the year. It is significant that a materialist 
who has once written Jules Yerne stories and who later comes 
into prominence as a leading socialist now declares that the 
biggest pursuit in all the world is the search for God. In the 
constructive part of the book may be found so many Christian 
things that we may soy in spite of the author's disclaimers that 
he i:< nearer being a Christian than he knows. 


The breaking up of established social customs and habits 
is always to be looked upon as both a danger and an oppor- 
tunity. When China threw aside age-long ways of doing things 
and began adopting western ways, there were reactions both good 
and bad. Among some there was the loosening of the moral 
bond. At the same time the missionaries spoke of the period 
as one of enormous opportunity to religion. Great missionaries 
like Sherwood Eddy and John R. Mott held meetings at which 
the literati of China were present in large numbers and these 
heard for the first time with open mind of the claims of Jesus 
Christ on China. 

The thing that happened to China a few yeai ^ ago is just 
now happening to the whole world. It is already too late to 
talk about doing anything in the old way. We face new times 
and the future of Christianity depends upon the speed and accu- 
racy with which the Christian forces adjust themselves to their 
changed environment. 

There can be no doubt that the breaking of long established 
habits has resulted in moral break-down in all the war-stricken 
countries. Three million illegitimate children in Germany tell 
the story of what has happened there. Both France and England 
have faced grave moral dangers. Lloyd George insisted that 
England had three enemies, "Germany, Austria and Drink ; and 
the greatest of these is drink." In America the recruiting 
stations and the concentration camps will be pest-houses unless 
they are guarded by wise laws and cared for by solicitous Chris- 
tian service. 


The moral dangers of war-time, however, are less insidious 
than are the spiritual dangers. There is a mind of swagger that 
goes with a false patriotism. It boasts about beating the enemy 
before breakfast. It is very contemptuous of all the rest of the 
world. It damns in wholesale fashion things in the enemies' 
country and praises indiscriminately everything that belongs to 
the homeland. Such an attitude is a Pharisaical patriotism which 
is a no more beautiful thing to see than Pharisaical religion. 
Pride ond insolence have been a great menace to the peace of 
the world. From all swagger and from every kind of foolish 
boasting may the good Lord deliver us. 

It is a peril of war-time that such deep hatred of our ene- 
mies shall settle down upon us that this shall be a basis for 
future trouble. In a time when we are daring to talk of this 
as the last ,gi"eat war, it is a sin to build up useless hatreds. 
The American knows how to contend in games without nrousinrr 
any hatred. Fis very standards of sportsmanship forbid hntrcf" 
in a contest. We are .iust now engaged in a serious effort to 
defeat utterly the German government. For Germans we should 
cultivate the good will which united us to them before the war 
in a peculiar friendship. Our young men were in those days 
going to Germany for education. Nearly every branch of human 
learning was in the debt of Germany thoroughness. We wage 
this war in the hope of finding a basis for a permanent friend- 
ship for the German people. 

Another of our spiritual perils in wnr-time is an unreason- 
ing fear. There will be trouble, we know. There will be poverty 
and wounds and Teath. If the war goes no for years, it will 
bring sorrow to every village and hamlet as it has done in 
weeping Europe today. 

These things are not to be helped by fear. It is blind fear 
which is the mother of panics. T^nreasoning fear drives a nation 
to an unwise attack or to a premature negotiatioT! for peace. 
No people can do its best while the blight of anxiety works in 
their soul. We want no artificial levity. We are not in a situa- 
tion that permits it. But there is a real mission for the Church 
to protect the spirit of good cheer. The word of Paul to the 
ship-wrecked sailors off the island of Malta is the word of the 
Church in this hour to a troubled people. We are not to be 
afraid for God has not abandoned His world and somehow these 
terrible happenings of our time will be used for the large;- good. 

\od can make even the wrath of men to praise Him. 

The opportunities of religion these days are to be found on 
very hand. The great Christian organizations are sending out 
ulletins full of practical suggestions of service. The Chi'istian 
ndeavor hosts are urged to make gardens and to adopt as their 
watchwords this year, "Industry, economy and thrift." The good 
ounCer of this Christian order announces that he himself will 
ultivate a garden and he offers prizes to his young people for 
he best results in this useful work. 

The women of the W. C. T. U. have already put hundreds 
f thousands to work in making the comfort kits that have proven 
serviceable in previous wars. These kits with their needles, 
andages and Bibles express the patriotism and good will of the 
hristian women of the land. 

The Sunday-school hosts are also desirous of doing their 
)art. They have appointed July first as their patriotic Sunday 
vhen they will raise flags, have patriotic orations, make offerings 
the Y. M. C. A. and Red Cross work. 

All of these ministries are of the greatest importance. But 
an the Church do nothing for the people these days except wait 
ables? Have we no ministry of the word which fits with peculiar 
md special appropriateness the needs of the times? 

These are days when we have an opportunity in the new 
eriousness of the people to bring home to their hearts some 
;reat truths of religion that they are now ready to hear. Lux- 
.iry-loving America will stop her joy-riding one of these days and 
eek in the sanctuary the deep things of God. The task of the 
hureh is a spiritual preparedness which will give forth the 
tvord in due season. 

Men and women will be seeking anew the right and wrong 
of life. W'^ know, of course, that each age must write its own 
commandments and construct its own laws. There have been 
principles which so far have been valid for every age but each 
age has new sins and new virtues. Professor Ross has shown 
this in his thought provoking book. Sin and Society. 

We are just now learning to call some things wrong for the 
first time. We have praised good business but just now we are 
condemning food speculators. We have thought that thrift was 
a good thing but food hoarding menaces the welfare of the people. 
We have taught our young men to be ambitious but the use of 
[Continued on page 146] 



It once was told by a bo3?hocd friend, 
That he who follows to the rainbow's end 
Shall have for his reward a pot of gold. 
Abounding faith had made mj/ young heart bold: 
So when the splendor beemed out the west, 
I hurried forth on the charmed quest. 

The glory vanished ere I reached the goal ; 
Yet doubt did never chill my eager soul: 
The promised guerdon surely had been mine, • 
But for the fading of the radiant sign. 

And even yet in disillusioned age, 

Made sadly wise by futile pilgrimage, 

i still must cherish in my throbbing breast 

The faith — surviving every acid test^ — 

That, dropping down from Beauty's shifting 1< 

Which weaves with Vi^efts of light and gloom. 

There falls the golden tapestry of truth: 

And this it is that lures the soul of Youth. 

Dark silence broods about the Hill: 
Grim breathless, tense, the fateful hour: 
The Lords of Flell have had their will: 
Securely stands their ancient pov/er. 

Yet, O believing ones, rejoice ! 
In you he triumphs o'er the grave: 
Through you the dead shall hear his voice: 
"Himself he could not save." 

Out through the biackness of the night, 
He wildly fled his traitorous deed^ — 
His spirit palsied with the blight — 
Self -stricken through his cursed greed. 

Yet, ye loyal ones, be dumb ! 
To voice God's judgements do not crave: 
'Twas needml the offense should come: 
"Himself he could not save." 


By this one's evil, that one's good: 
Their woven deeds redeemed the day, 
The sinful and the sinless stood 
Against the Lords of Hell at bay. 

The loss and gain together taken, 

The sum of Man's salvation gave: 

They neither were of God forsaken: , 

"Themselves they could not save." 


The creeds of dead men can no longer serve 

Lord, the clamant passion of our life. 

They seem compact more of the craven fears 

Than of the lusty faiths of human kind. 

For us denial never can be faith: 

We must affirm the things that are; 

And trust ourselves upon the living stream. 

In Youth we trust with its inv/ard craving- 
Its blind instinctive groping after good; 
In Joy we do believe, and its creative power; 
In Lover's plightings, clingings, singing blood: 
In battle-shock and stress of holy war 
The good to throne, — the evil to destroy. 
We hazard all on that which lives ; and naught 
Will disallow save Death and Lies. 

We stagger not at Pain, since oft its hammer-stroke 

But serves to free the stunted rock-bound soul, 

And to its stature adds one foot more. 

Our Faith supreme takes hold on Thee — 

Thou tireless love that sufferest not 

Our barque to drift in darkness far from home ; 

But from Thyself the gales dost send 

At last to drive us to Thy light and peace. 

Chicago, 1917. Charles Manford Sharpe 


"pull" to get incompetent men into places of leadership in our 
army will soon be condemned in all parts of tlie republic when 
the first casualty lists come in. 

Not only must the Church be the conscience of the nation 
in all the new problems arising. We must be able to speak words 
of hope and consolation to those who are in sorrow. For many 
years we have preached but little about the Christian doctrine 
of immortality. The geographies of heaven and hell constructed 
with such care by other txges have been neglected by us all. 

Meanwhile people still die. Mothers still ask about the fate 
of their sons who have gone into the great beyond. This interest 
in future things has certain morbid expressions. The old mil- 
lenarian despair is finding ears again with its message of the 
second coming. People are seeking again prayers for the dead. 
Spirituslism expresses itself even through such scientific minds 
as that of Sir Oliver Lodge — who lost his Raymond on the field 
of battle and who believes that he can speak v,ith him again. 

New Testament Christianity had mucli to say about the 
future. Is modern Christianity to have nothing to say? The 
human soul demands some kind of faith. The Church ought to 
offer a faith which at once satisfies the intellect and satisfies the 

These are great days to preach the leadership and presence 
of God in human life. H. G. Wells thinks we need for these 
times the Pragmatist's conception of a God who struggles along 
with us. Perhaps we do, if rightly set forth. At least it gets 
rid of many of our troubles about our world just now to say that 
God could not help the awful carnage that is going on. Even 
God Himself fights for the right and He is recruiting for Divine 
service every red-blooded man, every devout and soul. In this 
hour of emergency God calls, and the man who does not answer 
is thrice a traitor and a poltroon. Not only the destiny of a 
world but the spiritual future of the universe is yet to be deter- 

Away from the barbarisms of the old peace, through the 
barbarism of a terrible war, we are to lead our people to the 
New Jerusalem of a society organized on a spiritual basis. In 
such days there is work to be done and there is preaching to 
be sent out broadcast. Never since the days when Rome tottered 
to her fall has the Church faced a chance to do so much for God. 



Edited by Roy C. Flickinger __^ 

Professor C. H. Moore, in his book, The Religious Thought 
f the Greeks (Harvard University Press, 1916), presents in ten 
hapters the substance of eight lectures given before the Lowell 
nstitute in Boston during the autumn of 1914 together with 
laterial used the previous spring at various western colleges 
rith which Harvard T^niversity maintains an annual exchange. 
''he author covers a period of more than one thousand years of 
he progress of Greek ideas about the gods both as to their 
lature and as to their inter-relations with men. His discussions 
lurposely omit origins and deal in a comprehensive way with 
he evolution of theology and ethics from Homer and Hesiod to 
he death grapple between Christianity and paganism. 

It was not altogether the social and religious teachings of 
esus that enabled Christianity to win its brilliant victory over 
he Greco-Roman world. By Greek philosophy and by Greek 
nd oriental mysteries a fertile seed-bed and a favorable en- 
ironment had been undesignedly prepared for the fundamental 
rleas of the vp-w religion. It was the Greek rather than the 
ew who determined the form of the all-conquering Christianity 
f early days and provider' the means whereby the new faith 
ecame intelligible and attractive to the contemporary world. 

Near the end of his chapter on Oriental Religions the author 
Listities what at first thought would seem to be the introduction 
f extraneous material with these significant statements : "It is 
ecessary therefore to examine the several elements which made 
P the sum total of the religious thought of the earlier Christian 
entui-ies. Moreover, as we have now seen, the purpose of the 
riental mysteries was one with the aim. of the Greek mysteries 
nd with the ob.iect of the Greek mystic philosophies. There- 
3re we have been obliged to bring into our plan these eastern 

In the appendices are found a specimen of a Roman calendar 
nd a classified bibliography not only of general works on Greek 
sligion and philosophy but also selected references for each of 
le ten chapters. The book is intended for the general reader 
s well as for those versed in the ancient classics. The views 
resented are not radical. It is on the whole a solid and well- 
'ritten volume and one that cannot fail to have permanent 
^lue. C. A. VANNOY. 


By Roscoe R. Hill 

The attitude of Germany in tlie present World War is ou< 
of the most interesting problems of present day history. Wt 
should hardly expect that a Frenchman would be entirely im 
partial in reviewing the state of mind among the Germans whicl 
led to the war and which has impelled them to many of their acts 
during its progress. Jacques Marquis de Dampierre, however 
in his German Imperialism and International Law (N.' Y. Scrib 
ners, 1917 ; viii, 277 pp. ) has maintained a high degree of im 
partiality and has given a very interesting study, based upor 
German authorities and documents from the French archives 
The purpose of the work is "to show how the various expres 
sions of bellicose Germanism proved to be in inevitable conflid 
with the humane provisions of modern International Law." 

In the first chapter, Internationa] Laic vs. German Imperi 
alism, the author shows how the protection of the weak is con 
trary to the essential tendencies of Germanism and how thf 
imperialism of Germany is the product of the educational systeir 
and Prussian discipline. The second chapter is entitled, ViolenGt 
as an Elem,ent in German Politics. Here the author sets fortt 
the Pan-Germanist propaganda, which has been carried out sinc« 
the founding of the German Empire. He describes how it has 
prepared the German people for world conquest and world do- 
minion, to be secured regardless of the rights of others. As 
typical of this propaganda, lengthy quotations and numerous 
illustrations from Tanuenburg's Gross Deutschland, as well as 
from Wenn ich der Kaiser tear and other works, are given. This 
serves to indicate, that while the war is a vrar of the militarj 
caste, that this caste had succeeded only too well in preparing 
the German miud, so that it would support and approve an^ 
means to secure the ultimate ambition of the Pan-Germanists 

The last half of the book, under the headings. The Germai 
War and Spoliation and German Terrorism, treats of the metli 
ods employed by the Germans in pursuing their warfare, wit: 
special regard to the violations of International Law. The.^ 
chapters are based largely upon the diaries of German soldier- 
which are now found in great numbers in the French archive^ 
The book serves to show the reason why Germany finally force' 
the United States into the war. 

The time is at hand when every member should carefully 
isider names which he wishes to propose for membership in 
! Institute. We need more men for Regular membership, men 
o have higher degrees or their equivalent in training and 
vice. Especially is it advisable for the members in student 
itres to keep a sharp lookout for young men eligible for As- 
iate membership because of the promise that they will later 
ke good Regular members. Last year several preacher mem- 
"s proposed numbers of their good laymen for Co-operating 
mbership. There is no better way to get your wide-awake 
men into contact with liberal spirits than by proposing their 
mes for Co-operating membership in the Institute. Blanks 
; enclosed by the Secretary in any number. Please fill out 
?h blank as completely as possible. 


By Edward A. Henry 

James M. Philputt has gone to his summer home and asks 
It all his m^il be acMressed to Pemaquid Point, Maine, until 
'ther notice. 

After fourteen years of very happy and successful work at 
Derty, Mo., Graham Frank has resigned to leave this autumn. 
! goes to Central Church, Dallas, Texas. He will continue his 
rk for the General Convention from the Dallas pastorate. The 
al papers and Missouri generally express greatest regret in 
ing Mr. Frank. 

Charles Clayton Morrison is comfortably located in Kansas 
ty and his mail may be addressed to the Linwood Boulevard 
urch, the study of which will serve as his office while he sup- 
es the pulpit during Burris A. Jenkins' work in Prance. 

Frank Waller Allen has resigned the pastorate of the First 
iurch in Springfield, 111. Mr. Allen feels that his health is 
Efering from the burdens of this great church. He will continue 
live in Springfield and devote his attention to literary pursuits. 

A report has reached us that Earl M. Todd has resigned 
i Presidency of Stockton-Culver College, Canton, Mo. 

Prof. Sherman Kirk has been lecturing in South Dakota 
der the auspices of the Archaeological Institute of America. 

W. A. Crowley finishes his work in Valley City, N. D., about 

the middle of June when he will return to the Univei 
Chicago for the summer. He reports that his work as 
sor of Philosophy in the Normal there has been very p 

Along with a check for dues John McKee of Store 
Iowa, sends greetings to his Institute brethren. 

The Indianapolis Church Federation recently celebrj 
fifth anniversary. H. L. Willett was the orator of the o 
A. B. Philput presided and C. G. Baker was in charge 

The tenth year of Clay Trusty's work at the Seventh 
in Indianapolis is being celebrated by the dedication of { 
000 community house. Located more than thirty minutes 
from the nearest Y. M. C. A. a large field is open for i 
A men's organization known as "The Seventh Christian j 
tion" has been incorporated to administer and care for the 
Of the active church membership of 800, four young m( 
volunteered for the ministry during the past year, 
are going into war service. 

Chas. S. Earley is busy in Kansas. Evangelistic mee 
Burrton about the middle of May resulted in 43 convert 
eight days. 

J. C. Archer reports that the visit of H. O. Pritchard 
to deliver the Alumni Address during the recent con^ 
proceedings was an occasion of great interest. Pres. Pi 
made a deep impression with his address on "Some Wea 
in Modern Preaching." 

Chas. A. Lockhart has received nineteen into the fel 
of the Church at Helena, Mont., since entering that wor 
in the year. 

H. L. Willett and John R. Ewers of Pittsburgh ha 
been on the pick list recently, seriously ill, but we are t 
to be able to report that both are improving nicely. 

A recent issue of the Eureka College Bulletin is de^ 
a description of the new Vennum Science Hall which 
ready for use in the autumn. A good picture of J. S. C 
Profeflor of Biology, is one of the features of the Bulletii 
building gives Eureka a splendid equipment for scientifi 

A cablegram announces the safe arrival of Burris A. 
in France where he will c'evote six months to work 
trenches as a member of the Sherwood Eddy Y. M. C. A 

■■■'"■ " " , 151 

During the Easter season, A. L. Ward led his church in a 
iries of union services with the local Baptist Church. 

Roscoe R. Hill has been in much demand this spring as a 
leaker for high school commencements. He will assist in In- 
itute work during the summer. Our members should notice 
lat he has published a new book recently through the Carnegie 
istitute of Washington under the title of Descriptive Catalogue of 
,e Documents Relating to the History of the United States in 
.6 Papeles Procedentes de Cuba Deposited in the Archivo Gen- 
al de Indias at Seville. 

The debate between E. S. Ames and Chas M. Sharpe for the 
immer meeting will be concerning the debt of the modern 
beral movement to Unitarianism. This is in correction of the 
atement of last mouth that the discussion would be concerning 
.e indebtedness of the Disciples to the Unitarians. 

After an absence of two months spent in the Southland, R. 
'. Wallace is back in his pulpit in Lexington. Mo. A recent 
anday evening sermon was upon "Jesus and an Honest Doubter" 
hich shows some of the breadth of Mr. Wallace's thought. On 
ay 27 Mr. Wallace will exchange pulpits with Graham Frank 
ho is the baccalaureate preacher for the Wentworth Military 
eademy in Lexington. 

Chas. E. Underwood is reported to be very seriously ill. We 
'e hoping that he may make a successful fight against his malady 
id keep his recently expressed wish that he might not break his 
icord of never having missed an Institute meeting since he 
icame a member. 

Baxter Waters has left Lathrop, Mo., for the West End 
liurch in Atlanta, Ga. He took the Lathrop congregation in 
>09 when it vras worshiping in an ancient frame house. He 
aves it in a fine new $20,000 home with an unusually loyal 

Clarence II. Hamilton reports that the number of Christian 
ission boys is increasing from term to term. More than fifty 
:e now in the different departments and all are doing good 

A nice lot of book orders came in the last month and we 
id expected to' have the book out by this time. The illness of 
le of the committee members has occasioned a slight delay, 
be proofs are all read and the book is in process of manu- 


facture. We fully expect that every member will take one book. 
Some members have ordered several. You should turn in your 
order at once and be able to discuss the book with the other mem- 
bers this summer. Send in your orders to C. F. Jorcan, 831 
Washington St., Evanston, 111. 

Already a large number of men have notifiecl the Secretary, 
E. A. Henry, that they will be at the annual meeting. The Presi- 
dent makes up the committees in advance from the names sent 
in before the meeting and it is desirable too that these com- 
mittees should be as representative as possible. This was done 
last year. It is an encouragement to other members to know 
in advance that they will find old friends present. No one wrote 
in saying the date was unsatisfactory so the assumption of the 
officers is that the date, July 25-27, should be allowed to stand, 
Members will remember that in our last issue they were invited 
to suggest another date. Before you forget, send in your name. 

The following topics for papers have been submitted and are 
hereby accepted by the Executive Committee : 

Frank Waller Allen. The Gospel of Pacifism. 

C. G. Baker, Church Extension and Its Relation to Com 
munity Welfare. 

L. E. Cannon, Dostoievski. 

J. L. Deming, Some Phases of the Immigration Problem. 

J. H. Garrison, On Being of Age. (21 Years of Institut 

W. C. Gibbs, Biblical and Religious Instruction in Colleges 

O. F. Jordan, Some Tendencies in Conternporaneous Fiction 
as Illustrated by H. G. Wells. 

Levi Marshall, The Relative Value of Long and Short Pasj 

Jasper T. Moses, Latin America. 

W. C. Payne, Essentials. 

G. A. Peckham, The Wit and Wisdom of the Ancient Greeki 

R. A. Smith, The Present Trend of Secondary Education, 

A. W. Taylor, The Obligation of the Church to Furnish Rej 
ligious Instruction at State I^niversities and Normal Schools. 

J. E. Wolf, Review of Dewey's "Creative Intelligence" 

W. A. Crowley, The Logic of the Early Physicians. 

V. W. Blair, The Teaching of Eugenics. 

C. R. Wakeley, Reflections of a Business Man. 

tampbell Snstttute Bulletin 

DLUME 13 JULY, 1917 NUMBER 10 


By E. S. Ames 
O God, Thou struggling, conquering (iod of our deepest needs 

id bighost hopes, give us courage and strength to go with Thee 

1 the way. Bless our sons as they rise in the fresh vigor of 

)uth to fight for Thee. Help them to know and feel that when 

ey battle for liberty and justice and peace they wage war for 

ir country, for humanity and for Thee. 

Bless the President of the United States and all who are 

authority. Grant that all mothers of soldiers, all physicians 
id nurses of wounded, all drivers of ambulances, all laborers 
id workers at home, may share this toil and sorrow and victory 
Lth Thee. 

O God of many battles, rise before us now beautiful and 
rong in majesty and might, healed of the scars we have made 

Thy hands and side. May the vision of Thy glory unite the 
;arts of our nation in one holy purpose and fuse them with 
ndred hearts across the sea. May it be a war in which the 
isest and purest, if need be, may gladly suffer and gloriously 

Keep us from every unavailing luxury while our warriors die 

bloody trenches and on the sea and in the air. Keep us from 
1 taint of selfish greed and soft indulgence. Make us worthy 
llowers of our heroic Christ and may Thy Peace, ■ the Peace 
' Justice, Love and Truth, fill our hearts and reign over all 
le world from this time hence, forevermore. Amen. 



A Campbell Institute member who never attends the annua 
meeting is at much the same disadvantage as the church mem 
ber who never goes to church. No man can rightly apprehend th 
spirit and purpose of an organization withoiit sitting throug] 
its meetings. There are many members of our organization wh 
assert freely that they go nowhere where they receive so muc 
mental stimulus as in our annual meetings. The fellowship i 
intimate and select. We would like to see an unusual attendanc 
this year. 

The book Proaref<f< is to be officially anc'; ceremonially pre 
sen ted to the Institute at the annual meeting. It is the firs 
enterprise of this sort ever to come to a successful culmination 
Those members who are not at the annual meeting will roceiv( 
the copies they have ordered right after the meeting. The volum( 
is a beautiful piece of book-making and will be a credi^ to the 
organization. We are deeply in the debt of the men vcho con 
tributed to its success, by writing, by advancing the money fo' 
Ihe publication and by ordering the books. 

Some of our members have been wise enough to order enougl 
copies for their friends. Those who are Guarantors may use 
their twenty-five dollars as a credit that can. be traded out ii 
books if they wish to settle in that way. 

We wish to express our appreciation of the men who hav( 
written for the Chambers this year. There has not been th( 
same loyalty on the part of all, but some have written undei 
great diflBculties. Our membership has been kept in touch with 
the live literature of the time for the professions represented in 
our organization. In addition some of our editors are them 
selves producing new ideas and we have been delighted to notice 
the growth of scholarly standards among our men. The organ- 
ization should elect a new editor-in-chief at this annual meet- 
ing. We believe that a new man at the helm will find the In- 
stitute now organized in a way to make the work of editor-ii\- 
chief easier than it was five years ago. 

Our members will make no mistake in inducing their friend? 


i rear'' the new book by Ediiar DeWitt Jones. It is a delight- 
illy human (locnment about which many good things may be 
id. The important thing to say to the In.stitute is that it is 

lib»>ralising document that may circulate among older Dis- 
ples without giving offense. With a fine sympathy for the virile 
'ligious life of our past with its debates and "protracted meet- 
gs," it leads gently on t(i the problem of the Di>jciple church 

practicing Christian union and facins the whole modern sit- 
ition in religion. Be sure to circulate Fairhope. 

The biography of an outstanding proarher is always inter- 
ting reading. We have recently read Frauklin ^pcnrrr t^pahlinfj 
T John Howard Melish. This Socialist bishop of rtah. of the 
rotestant Episcopal fellowship, was a interesting and en- 
iging character. He became a Broad churchman aftei- gra'^u- 
;ing from the General Theological Seminary of New Yorlc whi'h 
, his day operated as a center for the theology of th<> Oxford 
ovement. He was the son of a bishop and grew up without 
iving the illusions about the epis-'-opacy which some recent con- 
>rts to the denomination have. 

.Aftpcrts f)f the hifl)iitr MjiKfrrii. by Oeorge A. Gordon (Hough- 
in, Mifflin & Co.. Boston. 350 pp.), is a good antidote after the 
radius of H. G. Wells' God the Invisihle Kinfj. The author is 
le of the grand old men of the American pulpit whose ministry 
IS been fruitful for a larger circle than the membership of Old 
:)uth Church of Boston. The interest in formulating a concep- 
on of God is one of the outstanding facts of theological thought 
iday. The idea of God to be found in this most helpful book 
: Dr. Gordon is that of progressive orthodoxy. The notion of 
1 immanent and yet transcendent God. fatherly in character 
Id with true personality, is set forth with great literary skill, 
he pages are full of literary allusion which shows the author 
• be a man of broad reaches in his sympathies. The author, 
5 the title indicates, does not hesitate to postulate infinity for 
od. His is no pragmatistic God who may in the end be de- 
sated, but One who by swift, sure strokes is carving out His 
orld. Evil is an incicTent in the process, and will easily be 
/ercome in time. Dr. Gordon can show any preacher how sig- 
[ficant it is to preach about God. There is something more to 
i said about God than to discuss whethrr or not He lives. 



By Perry J. Rice 

Aloral Sanitation, by Ernest R. Graves, Professor of Socio 
ogy in New Hampshire State College, and published by the Ai 
sociation Press is a little book which can be read in a ver 
few hours and which will prove of real value to any paste 
v.'ho is interested in the moral training of the young. It aims t 
make available for the Christian worker certain new results i 
the field of psychology, with emphasis on such work as is coi 
nected with the name of Freud. It presents a plan for a vis 
orous campaign of preventive morality, especially among boj 
and girls. The chapters on Moral Education, Cravings and Rt 
pcntance will be found especially helpful. A single paragrap 
will perhaps indicate the drift of the author's contention bette 
than any attempt to summarize it could do. In the chapter o 
Moral Education he says: "It is better so to train the child tha 
he may escape a temptation than to help him safely thi'ough i 
or to give him a sense of recovery after his defeat. There i 
something lost in a moral crisis, whatever its outcome. Th 
moral upheaval discloses a greater disorder of inner life, a large 
lack of harmony of personal motives than is revealed by th 
mere concrete event itself — the temptation. Into the best-ordere 
life sufficient testing experiences are bound to come; the fewe 
the better. Explorations in mental disorder caused by moral cor 
flicts illustrate the difficulty of dealing with cravings of a: 
unwholesome nature, even when they are conquered by the wil 
They are born of moral discord, and they often sink into the lift 
to lend even greater energy to the motives that are making wa 
upon the better personality. Even when the wound heals th 
scar is left, and in the mental experiences of many who suffe 
from mind disorders these scars develop into cancers that pou 
forth poison." 

Under present circumstances I may be pardoned if I tak 
a little of this precious space to call attention to the pamphle 
which presents part three of the fourth year of the Senior Gradci 
Sunday School Lessons. There are six lessons dealing with '"Th- 
State." The titles will indicate the timeliness of these lessons 
They are Law and Order, The Meaning of Democracy, Bccomin{ 
Good Citizens, Good Government, The Christian View of tlu 
State and Serving the World. The subjects are admirably 


reatod and will servc^ a splendid purpose in helping us to ap- 
treolate the real significanr-e of terms that have suddenly come 
iito iri'eat prominence in the speech of Americans. We need to keep 
lur vision clear in these times of excitement and abnormality, and 
hose studies will help us to do so. 


By Ellsworth Fari^; 

Charles A. Ellwood : An Introduction to Social Psi/'holof/i/, 
lew York. D. Appleton and Co., $2.00. 

Readers of Professor Elhvood's former books will be inter- 
sted in this latest production, written by and for the sociologist, 
►ut containing much good psychological material. The present 
writer is using the book as a text in a summer class but the term 
3 too young to give a verdict regarding its value to students. 
'here are some of the positions which it would be of interest 
examine were there space to go into detail, but it is enough 
say here that the book is sufhciently important to demand 
mmediate inclusion in any library devoted to the social sciences. 

The last installment of this chamber referred to the distinc- 
ively American psychology into which, also, there is not space 
r time to go here in detail. The psychology that gives full and 
omplete place to evolution, which recognizes the thorough-going 
ocial nature of man and the logic of a democratic faith has nol: 
een written up into a system, but it is latent in the writings of 
)ewey, Mead, Ames, King, and others, and will sooner or later, 
erhaps soon enough, be formulatec" explicitly, at which time it 
all assuredly become a real force in guiding the influences of 
7hich it is, in part, the expression. 

This will be my valedictory. For three or four years I have 
i^ritten these notes and kept our patient editor waiting till the 
ast minute. I beg to resign the honor now for two perfectly good 
easons. First, the Institute is fortunate in the number of men 
7ho are in the field of philosophy and psychology so that it 
3 unfair to pre-empt the field and keep other men from being 
leard. And secondly, it does take a certain amount of time and 
Qvolve a certain sense of responsibility and strain from which 
t will be a rest to be set free. T have found it interesting and 
relinquish the honor, prouc" of one item in the record, namely : 
have not written a contribution without mentioning at least 
ne good new book. 



By Roy C. Flickinger 
Prof. Paul Shorey's reply to the pseudo-scientists of the Fie 
ner-Eliot school has now appeared in the June and July nui 
bers of the Atlantic Montlili/ under the title The Assault < 
Humanism., and does not fall short of what was predicted co 
cerning it in the May Bulletin (p. 130). He does not scrup 
to "speak right out in meeting" and to call a spade a spaci 
Yet he disclaims any intention of personal attack, rightly hoi 
Ing that no one can object to outspoken criticism of his print( 
words when correctly quoted and reasonably interpreted. It 
obviously impossible to give an adequate resume of the artic 
here. It deserves to be read in extenso by every member of t] 
Institute, for the matter involved does not stop with the pla 
of Latin, Greek or Mathematics in the curriculum of schoo' 
but passes over into a far broaTer and even more important su 
ject. "The things which, for lack of better names, we try 
suggest by culture, discipline, taste, standards, criticism, and t] 
historic sense, they hate. Or, if you prefer, they are complete 
insensitive to them and Vt^ish to impose their own inscusibili 
upon the coming generation. They are genuinely skeptical 
intellectual discriminations which they do not perceive, and ae 
thetic values which they do not feel. * * * The purpose, or at ai 
rate the tendency, of their policies is to stamp out and eradica 
these things and inculcate exclusively their own tastes ai 
ideals by controlling American education with the political ei 
ciency of Prussian autocracy and in the fanatical intolerance 
the French anti-clericalists. Greek and Latin have become me 
symbols and pretexts. They are as contemptuous of Danl 
Shakespeare, Milton, Racine, Burke, John Stuart Mill, Tenn 
son, Alexander Hamilton and Lowell as of Homer, Sophoch 
Virgil or Horace. They would wipe the slate clean of everythii 
that antedates Darwin's Descent of Man, Mr. Wells' Resean 
Magnificent, and the familiar pathos of James Whitcomh Rilej 
vernacular verse. * * * They instinctively distrust that spirit 
critical humanism which from Plato to Pater and Arnold ai 
Lowell and Anatole France, has always refused to take qui 
seriously the systems and system-builders of the hour. The 
half-conscious motives are clothed with the glow of conscioi 
sincerity by their genuine incapacity to conceive that write 


ho never heard of submarines and Zeppelins can contribute any- 
ling to the spiritual sinZ intellectual life of a civilization that 
ilminates in the war of 1914." 

The backbone of the discussion is perhaps to be found in the 
mtention that to "the twentieth-century mind there is. there 
lUst be, there is soon destined to be, a true science of educa- 
on taking its principles from a scientific and definitive psy- 
lology," whereas in fact "we are no nearer a final metaphysical 
)lution (of the antimony between the ultimate unity and inter- 
^pendence of the so-called parts or functions of the mind) than 
I Plato's day." 

The two papers are so highly regarded by the publishers of 
le Atlantic Monthlii that they have been reprinted in book form 
sixty cents). 


By H. J. LoKEN 

During th"^ ten years, or more, of my active pastorate I 
m sure my auTitors have often suspected that it took a good 
eal of nerve for me to der-ide to enter the ministry and mount 
le pulpit to preach. And I confess it did. But for me to under- 
ike the task of advising members of the Campbell Institute on 
le subject of how to produce among the Disciples an adequate 
linistry is nerve raised to the n'th power. I presume the reason 
le editor has asked me for a contribution of this kind is the 
ict that I am connected with a ministerial training establish- 
lent. It is hardly necessary to explain that I claim no authority 
'hatever for the opinions expressed in this paper beyond my own 
npressions as T have seen the present situation with reference 
) the ministry. I expect few to agree with me in the tentative 
)lution offered since the trend of opinion among the intellectually 
Lite is in the opposite direction. 

The two outstanding facts in the ministerial situation in this 
3untry among all the great denominations is the comparatively 
mall number of young men studying for the ministry on the 
ne hand and the number of pastorless churches on the other. 
»uring the last twenty-five years, while the profession of law 
nd medicine increased 256 per cent and 126 per cent respectively, 
le students for the ministry have increased only 41 per cent. The 


present war situation will reduce this supply still further. A 
large number of regular pastors will go to the front or intc 
training camps as chaplains, Y. M. C. A. workers, or Red Cross 
attendants. This will be especially true of the students in th( 
theological seminaries of the land. The Lutheran Synod whicl 
has just closed its session has already felt the effects of the deartt 
of ministers from the heavy enlistments of its men and has ap 
pointed a committee from its strongest educators to get in toucl 
immediately with the 5,000 Lutheran boys now in the various 
high schools of the land with a view of enlisting a goodly num 
ber of them for the ministry. 

On the other hand is the story of the great number of pastor 
less churches among all the denominations. Our own Socia' 
Rorvice Commission reports 5,000 r>isciple churches out of oui 
totnl of 0,000 as having quarter time preaching only. A vast 
ma.iority of these churches have no preaching whatever. But 
of those who have once a month preaching only a very few, 
according to the same report, are growing churches. This is 
of course, to be expected. A monthly excursion on the part ol 
a minister into a field for the purpose of delivering a discourse 
to a people whom he seldom or never meets except on official 
occasions can, in the very nature of the case, only be the barest 
makeshift. This is no reflection on the minister in the case. 
It is doubtful if even Jesus himself could have made much of 
an impression on the world if he had limited his three years' 
ministry to a monthly excursion to Capernaum or Bethany. It 
is the fault of our system, and our ministers are the victims of 
a system that is criminally wasteful of its men and its oppor- 
tunities. How to produce and conserve an adequate supply of 
ministers is probably the greatest problem before the Disciples 
today. It is certainly the one problem whose solution will have 
the most profound effect on our future history as a people. 

The present tendency in every denomination, as far as 
know, is in the direction of concentration for the sake of a 
greater efficiency. In the field of ministerial training this means 
a higher academic standard for the minister and consequentlj 
a limitation of the output. That this is a timely and wise em- 
phasis need not be argued for the readers of The Bulletin. II 
is especially needful among us. But I question seriously, naj 
I am ready to challenge outright, its adequacy as a full program 

om the standpoint of the minister it is excellent. It will raise 
3 intellectual and economic standards of the minister which by 
elf is a good thing but it does not take into account the total 
uation of the church. It will give no relief to the five thousand 
urches quoted above. Most men who have spent from six to 
jht years beyond the high school period preparing for the 
nistry are neither mentally nor economically prepared to min- 
er to a rural church with an average income of from six 
ndred to eight hundred dollars a year. The result of such 
program will inevitably mean two things : the elimination of the 
lall country church and the multiplication of reactionary Bible 
stitutes as substitutes for ministerial training schools. 

Neither of these results is desirable. Many of our small 
urches doubtless ought to go out of business ; many of them 
ght to unite with other churches to form efficient community 
iters of religion. But the latter process will not come of itself, 
will need to be fostered by wise leadership requiring years 
patient effort. That it would be a good thing for the Kingdom 
eliminate in a stroke from four to five thousand churches 
V will agree. As to the other result, the multiplication of 
ble Institutes to take the place of standardized schools for the 
nistry, that is already a menace which more than anything 
e threatens the peace of the Church. For men trained in such 
!titutions h.nve neither the vision nor the sympathies of the 
ist graduate minister. The result is a cleft that runs through 

the co-operative enterprises of the Church. 

The remedy? Well, there is none. That is the glory as 
■11 as tlio pathos of a democratic order. But for our rampant 
mocracy, I would suggest an excellent remedy, at least it sat- 
ies my own sense of logical necessity. 

Standardize a national training school for ministers where 
iture men who are unable to take a full post-graduate course 
t with a passion to preach could get his practical training in 
t more than four years. Eliminate the classical languages from 
5 course and use the English Bible as the backbone of his theo- 
;ieal training. Substitute such sciences as biology, sociology 
d psyc-hology for his ecclesiastical and antiquarian studies and 
aip him with practical methods with which to make him an 
ective worker, a specialist in his line. In short, approach 
? matter from the vocational rather than the academic angle. 


Give him ttie whole modern view point but approach it from th 
practical rather than the theoretical side. The school in questioi 
should be located in one of our great cities where sociologica 
laboratories are available for first-hand observation and wher 
the foreign as well as the other social problems are practical 
pressing, religious problems. Such a school should be intei 
denominational and if practicable inter-racial. That would insur 
the study of such pressing questions as interdenominational cc 
operation from the practical rather than the academic and phi! 
osophical angle. Men sent out from such an institution int( 
the five thousand churches (described above would be co-operativ 
in spirit and conceivably every one of the above named churche 
could be made a center for community religious enterprises. Pei 
sonally, I see no valid reason for confining the modernist move 
ment solely to the post-graduate institutions. It needs to be vital 
ized and made rugged by a closer contact with things as they an 
And of course I stand ready to vote for the establishment of sue! 
a school. 


By C. B. Coleman 
The Minister: 
"Except the Lord build the house. 
They labour in vain that build it : 
Lo, children are an heritage of the Lord : 
And the fruit of the womb is his reward. 
As arrows in the hand of a mighty man, 
So are the cliildren of youth." 

— Ps. 127, vss. 1, 3, 4. 

Let us pray. 

O Thou, Lord of Life, who hast revealed Thyself as God o 
love and giver of good gifts to men, from the abundance of Th 
life cometh life, from Thy great love for us cometh all our lov( 

We thank Thee, therefore, for the love of husband and wift 
type of the perfect love of the Christ and His Church. We than 
Thee for this child, the fruit and heritage of their mutual afifec 
tion. We thank Thee for the promise in him of one who wi: 
share our blessings and our toil, and add his part to the greal 


less Thou hast given our nation. 

Thou liast caused the pangs of labour to be forgotten in the 
icy of this new life. Thou hast given Thy benediction to Thy 
servants in the light of infant smiles, in the sound of childish 
roice. in the sweetness of childish innocence. Thou hast granted 
into the father and the mother an earnest of the presence of a 
oving heart and helping hands in future years, and an abiding 
)lace for their memory when they no longer dwell upon earth. 

We know not, any of us. what the future will bring. But we 
mow Thy love, O God, and we will not fear, but praise Thee, and 
;ive Thee thanks, for the life that now is and for the hope of 
he life to come. Amen. 

To the Parents : 

To parents God commits an inalienable trust This child 
vhich He hns given you, you ought to return to Him nurtured 
n love and fitly prepared for his function in the world. To 
'ou is entrusted the molding of his character in the tender years 
>f childhood. And for that through you he derives his inheri- 
ance of strength and weakness, his weight of evil and his power 
'or good, you have in him yet another opportunity to repair in 
!ome measure shortcom.ings of years gone by, for in your child 
ire brought together the sum of all the past and the hope of 
ill the future. Care for him therefore with fear and with hope, 
n sickness and in health, through discouragement and through 
imes of joyful promise, looking to the perfecting of body and of 
nind. Teach him and lead him with wisdom sought diligently 
md most of all of God, in patience and self-denial, both in word 
md in example, in all things aright. Regard ever the two great 
'ommandments. "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy 
leart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with 
ill thy strength," and "Thou shalt love they neighbor as thyself," 
hat tl\"y mny be written oven in infancy on the heart of your 


Do you — . and you , promise to do these 


Parents : 
We do. 

The Minister : 
"Tlie mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting 
ipon them that fear him, and his righteousness to children's 


chilclreu, to such as keep liis covenant aud remember his co: 
mandments to do them." 

To the Sponsors and Others Present : 

To friends of these parents, followers with them of our Lo 
Jesus Christ, comes the charge of the Master. "Whoso sh; 
receive one such child in My name receiveth Me, but whc 
shall cause one of these little ones which believe in Me 
stumble, it were better for him that a millstone were hang 
about his neck and that he were drowned in the depth of t 
sea." Receive this child, therefore, in Jesus" name and spii 
Let the providence of God work through you to supply to hi 
with these parents in their presence, and when they are abse 
in their stead, all neecful and beneficent things. Surround h: 
with influences which will fiirther his welfare and make t 
righteousness. In church, in school, in all the vralks of li 
see that he lacks not for sympathy and understanding lo"^ 
Cause him not to stumble, neither through malice, nor indiff( 
ence, nor yet through well-intentioned error . 

Do you. in behalf of Church and friends, promise these thing 
The Sponsors : 

We do. 

The Minister : 

Let us pray. 

O Lore"! our God. whose face the angels of these little on 
do always behold in heaven, grant unto us here upon earth th 
we may fully perform our ministration both of love and of dul 

Uphold, we pray Thee, these parents in their grateful lab( 
bless them in their efforts to supply the wants of their offsprir 
both bodily and spiritual. Give them courage to bear the respo 
sibility which rests upon them, and resolution to face every cris 
they may be called upon to meet. And reward them richly, \ 
pray Thee, in the joy of their child's companionship, in the e 
pansion of his nature, in the fruition of glorious manhood. 

Grant that others may exercise all means of helpfulness th 
Thou hast put within their power. And vouchsafe unto us als 
O Lord, that we may learn the lesson Thou dost teach us throuj 
this child, that "whosoever shall not receive the Kingdom 
God as a little child, he shall in no wise enter therein." 

Hear our prayer, and answer us out of Thy great love, ^ 
beseech Thee, O Lord, our Strength and Redeemer. Amen. 


To th(^ Father: 
By what name shall this child be called? 
The Father: 

The Minister : 

Mayst thou honor thy name, , and thy father's, 

a good character and adorn it with good deeds. Mayst thou 
3w "in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men." 

Let us pray. 

Almighty God, in whose sight not a sparrow is forgotten, 
ovide, we pray Thee, for this feeble helpless child. 

Thou who givest to those who ask and withholdest no good 
ng from them that walk uprightly, bestow richly upon him 
ine unfailing blessing. 

Thou, who feedest Thy flock like a shepherd, who gatherest 
i lambs in Thine arms, and carriest them in Thy bosom, keep 
s infant, we pray Thee, in Thy tender, loving care. 

Thou Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who took the children 
?y brought to Him in His arms, and blessed them, saying, 
uffer the little children to come unto Me and forbid them not, 

of such is the Kingdom of God," bless, we pray Thee, this 
iU". and grant unto him an abundant entrance into Thy 

O Lord, bless us who here call upon Thy name. 

O Lord, bless our nation. 

O Lord, bless Thy people everywhere; may Thy Kingdom 
ne, and Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven. Amen. 

(Ministers of the Campbell Institute are often asked to 
risten babies. It is embarrassing to admit that there is nothing 
a religious way that we can do to recognize the birth of a 
ild into a Christian family. A number of our ministers are 
ing services of dedication. The above service was printed in 
IE Bulletin many years ago and there has been a request that 
be reprinted for the use of our younger members. Can any 
e suggest any possible objection to the use of such a service? — 
litor. ) 

emember Annual Meeting July 25-27. 



By Edward A. Henry 

C. H. SvA'ift's first year at Cartlia.ce, Mo., closed April 1 wij 
fifty-seven aclditions to the church. During Holy Week he spol 
at a special service in the local Episcopalian Church. 

C. J. Armstrong is settled in Gary. For the present he 
living at the Y. M. C. A. as his family are spending the summi 
in Kentucky. His address is Pilgrim Congregational Chure 
Gary, Ind. 

Rev. E. W. Corn is in relief work. His address is No. 
Madison Ave., New York City. 

J. H. Garrison is spending the summer at Long Beach, Oa 
His address is 933 E. Ocean Ave. He will not come east th 

W. Garnett Alcorn has closed his work in Hot Springs, Arl 
and is already at work in Lathrop, Mo. 

J. H. Garvin is with the American Church Bureau as Direct( 
of Religious Forces. He conducts campaigns during which 1 
organizes the work of a church and trains a manager to contini 
the methods ]iermanently. He and his family are settling at 14-. 
Northland Ave., Lakewood. O. This will he their home. thou,s 
Mr. Garvin will be much on the road. 

Jasper T. Moses, though a, teacher in the high school f 
Pueblo, Colo., has been supplying the pulpit of Central Churc 
since March 1 when the pastor left. 

Probably all of our preacher members received the excellei 
Red Cross appeal issued by A. W. Taylor as Secretary of tt 
Commission on Social Service. It called upon all to make tt 
first Sunday in July a campaign day. 

We recently received a nomination to Institute membershi 
from Guy W. Sarvis. We were sorry that he sent nothing moi 
but expect a letter from him to be read at the meeting. 

E. J. Arnot will spend July 11-25 at Lake Geneva. Begii 
ning July 1 he began working under the Michigan State Y. IN 
C. A. and at Lake Geneva will have charge of the first yea 
County Y. M. C. A. men, the sort of work in which he himse' 
has been engaged for several years. He is President of th 
County Work School. We have tried to get him to tell us som( 
thing about this county work. He promises to attend the mee 
ing on his way home from T^ake Geneva but will not prepar 



The News Editor wa-< favored with an invitation to the 
)mmencement exercises of Beckley Institute. We notice that 
•incipal William R. Howell himself delivered the Baccalaureate 
dress upon The Harvests of Life. 

C. G. Baker of Indianapolis has been elected President of the 
(lianapolis Christian Ministers' Association for the new year. 

Rodney L. McQuary, a Tale B.D.. who has been teaching 
d Testament at Eureka College this past winter, has been 
lied to be an Assistant Secretary in tlie work of the F. C. M. S. 
r. McQuary has proved a very popular and able man. We con- 
ntiilate both him and the society on this selection. 

Clarence H. Hamilton and Mrs. Hamilton of Nanking. China, 
e I'e.ioi^ing over the birth of Miss Ruth wlio arrived on Marcli 
. We all join in heartiest ("-ongratulations. 

Nominations for membership are coming in. If you have not 
t thought over tho matter, do so at onr-e, and snnd in the 
iiK^s of men whose names ought to be considered. 

"^'nugban Dabney of Durham. N. IT., came to Chicago recently 
rend the marriag'- service for his sister. While here he sup- 
■(^d Dr. Ames' pulpit on June 17 while the latter was across the 
ke cretting his .summer cottage open for the family. 

Ceorge A. Campbell has been elected President of the Mis- 
uri State Ministerial Association. 

Dean O. F. Norton of Drake is teaching New Testament Greek 
d Septuagint Greek in the T'niversity of Chicago this summer. 
* has good classes in each course. 

Children's Day was a great c'ay with William Dunn Ryan 
d Central Church. Youngstown, O. There were 1,03.3 present 
d the collection amounted to $1,223.45. 

^T. D. C. Ma"lachlan has been elected a member of the faculty 
the newly organized Richmond School of Social Economy. He 
11 begin his teaching in October. 

J. Clark Archer, the Mohammedan expert of Yale University. 
s been chosen by the Y. M. C. A. to go to Mesopotamia to work 
aong the Indian troops of the British army on that front. He 
iled for Bosra on June 30. This is a great opportunity for 
irk and alro will still further qualify Mr. Archer for the high- 
t in his chosen field. 

June 24 was the twenty-fifth anniversary of the entrance into 


the miuistrj" of Austin TTunter. In celebration of the occasion t 
used the same texts he used twenty-five years ago. We woul 
like to compare the sermons preached on those texts then an 

V. W. Blair was the Baccalaureate preacher at Eureka th: 
year and Rodney L. McQuary preached the sermon at the servic( 
of the Department of Sacred Literature. 

Franklin Circle Church, Cleveland, W. F. Rotheuburge 
minister, took its third offering for war relief recently. ] 
amounted to .$717. This church is fully aware of its respons 
bilities to war-ridden Europe. 

S. G. Buckner of Somerset, Pa., was called to succeed J. I 
MacCartney at Modesto, Cal., and accepted. Then the Somers( 
church roused itself and after some correspondence persuade 
the Modesto church to release Mr. Buckner from his acceptanc 
so that he might continue at Somerset. He continues at Some: 
set with an increase in salary and a new determination on tt 
part of his people to do great things. 

O. F. .Jordan's sermon in Mandel Hall at the T'niversity ( 
Chicago on May 27 was most favorably received by a large aud 
ence. He fiilly maintained the high standards of this great pulpi 
Mr. Jordan recently completed ten years of labor in Evaustoi 
The church celebrated the occasion )>y presenting him with te 
five-dollar gold pieces. During this time the church has bee 
about doubled in membership, has purchased a new lot, coi 
structed a parish house in which services are now being coi 
ducted. Meanwhile Mr. Jordan has carried on a great mass c 
outside work. He remains in Chicago at a sacrifice because b 
loves the work here. 

The report of elections at the Indiana State Conventio 
recently includes among other annovmcements Clay Trusty c 
Indianapolis as Vice-President, Carl Burkhart of Franklin a 
Secretary and among the members of the Advisory Board ar 
C. E. ITnderwood and C. H. Winders. 

Before yov forget it, send in your order for th 
book '^Progress/' 

tampbell institute 3Bulletm 



By Washington Gladden 


) land of lands, my Fatherland, the beautiful, the free 

ill lands and shores to freedom dear are ever dear to thee; 

ill sons of Freedom hail thy name, and wait thy word oi 

^'hile round the world the lists are joined for liberty and light. 

lail sons of France, old comrades dear! Hail Britons brave and 

lail Belgian martyrs ringed with flame ! Slavs fired with visions 

talian lovers mailed with light I Dark brothers from Japan ! 
'rem East to West all lands are kin who live for God and man. 

lere endeth war ! Our bands are sworn! Nov/ dawns the better hour 
^hen lust of blood shall cease to rule, when Peace shall come with 

power ; 
^e front the fiend that rends our race and fills our homes with 

gloom 1 
^e break his scepter, spurn his crown, and nail him in his tomb ! 

*Iow, hands all around, our troth we plight to rid the world of lies, 
"o fill all hearts with truth and trust and willing sacrifice; 
free all lands from hate and spite and fear from^ strand to 
strand ; 
"o make all nations neighbors and the world one Fatherland! 

The Congregs-lionalist. 

The Institute is advertised by its loving friends. At the stat 
convention in Illinois the Christian Standard, containing the Inst 
tute membersliip list of 1915, was in every pew. This produce 
no other sensation than a conception of the solid character of on 
membership. During the convention three men sought membei 
ship and since the convention two more have applied. There i 
every reason to believe that this year will be the greatest yea 
we have ever had for membership gains. Our only precautio: 
should be that we secure men who sympathize with the aims an 
purposes of the organization. 

The world has never had such a demand for constructlv 
scholarship as now. Already English writers are offering thei 
suggestion;- with regard to the reconstru'tion of the world afte 
the war. Those who read Mr. Hill's page in The Bulletin thi 
month will realize the nature of the problem. This reconstruetioi 
must go on not only in the field of international politics an( 
economics, but in almost every phase of human life. Can w 
doubt that religion is to undergo change, or that the church wil 
need to change its methods quite radically? 

Our difficulty is that so many men continue to speak a mes 
sage after its usefulness has ceased. Few are preaching a belate( 
pacificism which was only useful when the world was at peace 
Can we doubt that some will breathe out a v/ar-like spirit afte 
peace is declared? The note after the war will be conciliation 
For the religious man, there will he a peculiar opportunity t( 
preach the mes.sage of Christian Union. The war will bring •< 
new emphasis on the philanthropic service to be rendered by tin 
church. The new seriousness coming into the world ought t( 
enable the preacher to strike the deeper notes in his message 

After reading the stimulating article by C. J. Armstrong ii 
this issue on the Confessional, we had the feeling that protestan 
ministers needed some guidance in performing this service. Th( 
Episcopalian rectors of the high church persuasion now have i 
manual adapted from Romanism. This might contain some hell 
but not a great deal. Whether the minister wants to be or not 
he becomes fattier t.onfessor to a great many people, it is ii 
the confessional that religion is directly applied to life. Most o] 

IS need to think through the principles involved in such a process. 

Chamber of History 


For the fifth consecutive year the writer is honored with the 
osition of editor of the Chamber of History. The Work has 
een enjoyable through the years and the writer anticipates the 
leasure of another year of Institute activity. He also cherishes 
he hope that the monthly sketches may be interesting and profit- 
ble to the readers of The Buixetin. 

The new year's work finds the world still engaged in titanic 
truggle and no one can as yet see the end. Within the past year 
he United States has cast herself into the contest with the 
bject of defending democracy and democratic ideals. The 
ntrance of the United States into the world war has served to 
evolutionize our ideals of service to the country, as is amply 
witnessed by the adoption of the selective draft. The problems, 
olitical, economical and social, which confront the nation, as so 
ast and pressing that they almost preclude the consideration 
f the problems of the future. 

But it seems that in reality no more opportune time could 
e found for the consideration of the questions involved in the 
irorld readjustment, which must occur at the close of the war. 
'hinking men and women must give attention to international 
nd national problems which will soon confront us. 

Carrying out this idea the Academy of Political Science in 
he city of New York held a most interesting meeting last July, 
t which the Foreign Relations of the United States were dis- 
ussed. The proceedings of this meeting have been edited by 
ienry R. Mussey and Stephen P. Duggan under the above title 
New York, Academy of Political Science, 1917 ; xxxi, 331, vi, 
30). The various addresses and papers of the conference are 
irranged in four groups under the following headings: (1) The 
democratic Ideal in World Organization; (2) Future Pan-Amer- 
can Relations; (3) Future Relations with the Far East; and (4) 
uvestments and Concessions as Causes of International Conflict. 
:^aeh group includes many papers presented by men of knowledge 
md authority. The volumes contain authoritative presentations 
)f live and vital subjects relating to world reorganization and 
aerit a careful reading. 

Chamber of New Testament 


War is not loath to take its toll iu any quarter. New Testa- 
ment scholarship has already given its contribution in the persons 
of Caspar Rene Gregory and James Hope Moulton. No doubt a 
number of younger and less widely known scholars have met a 
like fate. 

Gregory, though American born and American trained, after 
1.S7P' became a German through and through. Soon after the 
beginning of the war, he volunteered as a private in the German 
army, and last spring was killed by a stray bullet while marking 
graves between the lines during a lull in the battle. He had 
reached the age of seventy-one in November, 1916. He had re- 
tained great physical vigor as well as mental, and, had he been 
spnred, would probably have continued his work in the study of 
New Testament text and canon, for which he is best known in 
America. Only a few years ago he visited many of the American 
T'niversities and lectured upon the subjects of his investigation. 

jMany have been waiting for James Hope Moulton to continue 
the task begun in his Prolegomena to a Grammar of New Testa- 
ment Greek. The first serious interruption in his work was 
occasioned by the death of his wife, and at that time he went 
to India that he might there escape part of his sorrow by en- 
gaging in some Oriental studies which had long interested him. 
Then while returning to England last summer via Suez and the 
Mediterranean, the vessel on which he had taken passage was 
sunk by a submarine. He died from exposure and shock. The 
tragedy of his death is made all the more vivid by recalling an 
expression made by him in the summer of 1914 while lecturing in 
Chicago. He spoke of the fine friendship of scholars which knows 
no national lines, and hoped that soon he might fraternize with 
his German brethren in the pursuance of their common work. 

War could hardly have claimed more valuable hostages than 
these two men, and it is fervently to be hoped that the number 
may not be grently increased. 

Roscoe R. Hill has changed his work during the summer and 
is now president of the Spanish-American Normal School at El 
Rito, N. M. He speaks of this as being a pioneer enterprise, in 
a way. 


Chamber of Systematic Theology 


In Mr. Wells' popularization of the views of certain modern 
philosophers with reference to the God-idea we have simply aii- 
Dther anthropocentrie theology, as all theologies and philosophies 
ultimately must be. But it depends upon the size, balance and 
equipment of the thinker how satisfactory his construction will 
be to the masses of mankind. That Mr. Wells is brilliant no one 
will deny ; but that he is heavily ballasted with the knowledge or 
the spiritual furnishment needful for the treatment of such 
themes is not equally evident. He has, in fact, only recently 
awakened to the thrilling interest and first importance of the 
religious phase of human life. He is one of many who have 
been driven by the stress of these terrible yet awfully splendid 
years to lay hold, if possible, upon some superhuman power and 
help. He has gotten into the fight with heart anc": soul for the 
big ethical values of life and in the seeming peril to which these 
values are exposed he feels the need of something greater and 
mightier than man to guarantee their conservation and triumph. 
Unwittingly he is illustrating the truth of Jesus' words: "If any 
man will do His will he shall know of the teaching." Modern 
Apologetic has long been convinced that this procedure is the 
only real source and ground of assurance. Active participation 
in God's enterprise begets faith in the originator and leader of it. 
Sometimes men are forced into the fight for goodness, truth and 
loyalty and so come, for the first time, really to feel their supreme 
authority and worth. Thus the spiritual and ethical quality of 
life hursts ur-ou them with the power of a new revelation. Forth- 
with they confuse their discovery with God's creation. 

This, it seems to me, is the explanation of such phenomena 
as that exhibited in the case of Mr. Wells. The ethical and 
spiritual qualities of his young and growing God are precisely 
those which Jesus has taught us to find in his and our Father 
in Heaven. They are the qualities he embodied in his own 
struggling, sult'ering, yet victorious life. Only Mr. Wells thinks 
this God is young and growing, whereas it is himself who is 
very young anf. growing, of late, according to the "explosion 
theory" of evolution. 

A bibulous individual was sent to make an inventory of house- 
hold goods, but, having tippled too freely on the way, he fell 


asleep before he had well begun. When his employer found him 
he had, however, made one entry, namely, ''One revolving carpet." 
Mr. Wells casts his inquisitorial eye, with "fine frenzy rolling," 
rapidly about the purlieus of the chaos-cosmos and reports among 
other properties of the universe. One Adolescent God. 

Of course this is no place to present the opposite view with 
even suggestive fullness. SufBce it to say that for myself I am 
able to satisfy my intellectual, ethical and spiritual needs within 
the lines of a theism much more in accord with that of historic 

Chamber of Pastoral Duties 


There is a serious need for a protestant confessional. Not 
the compulsory, absolving confessional of Romanism, but the 
confidential, voluntary confessional, is the need of the hour. The 
vvTiter's experience compels him to believe that multitudes of men 
and women are carrying heavy burdens of sin, suffering, uncer- 
tainty, doubt, remorse, that may be shared by the pastor, and 
made lighter by an interview conr'ucted in the right manner. 
Sometimes people will voluntarily seek such an interview, just 
as they will go to a physician for bodily ills. But more often 
they will shrink from it unless the pastor, by announcement and 
attitude, encourages them to come. Some sad stories will be 
told you in these absolutely confidential and sacredly trustful 
interviews, but your reward will be in sending men and women 
out to fight a battle or face a condition with renewed strength 
and courage and faith. 

There must be no prying into the secrets of others. Just let 
it be cefinitely known that you are a physician of the soul. Grad- 
ually, even timidly, the soul-sick will come, and coming be helped. 
The secrets thus imparted to you are to be as sacredly kept as 
thought you had received them as a priest in the Roman confes- 

It is helpful in establishing this kind of confessional to have 
a definite place where you can be found at specified hours. For 
some years the writer has set apart Sunday afternoons as the 
time and his ofllce at the church as the place. If no one comes 
he studies. Enough have come, however, to convince him that 

such a confessional is needed, and will be used where the right 
kind of emphasis is placed upon it. 

Chamber of Literature 


Matthew Arnold — How to Know Him, Stuart P. Sherman, 
Bobbs-Merrill, 1917, $1.59. 

Mr. Wells permits Mr. Britling to say that many of England's 
troubles in the present war are due to the fact that she "didn't 
listen to Matthew Arnold." And, indeed, many of our own diffi- 
culties might be lessened by a careful study and flexible applica- 
tion of some of Arnold's ideas. Surely, intelligence and spiritual- 
ity, as emphasized by Arnold, were never more needed, nor has 
there often been a time when temperament controlled by ideas 
were more apropos. At a time when a narrow vocationalism is 
too much stressed ; when the various professions, including preach- 
ing and teaching, are filled with men who have erected a narrowly 
vocational superstructure upon a very meagre cultural foundation, 
we are likely to forget that the "great vocation" is intelligent 
citizenship. I fear, however, that for some time practitioners 
of this fundamental vocation will remain "rari nantes in gurgite 

Much of the lack of sweetness is due to lack of light. The 
problem is, as Arnold saw, an educational one. It is doubtful 
whether any democracy, based on the shifting will of an unen- 
lightened majority, will work efficiently to make "reason and the 
will of God prevail." Arnold's emphasis on a saving remnant 
based on a well-rounded humanity, is pat. Membership in such 
a remnant can be gained by most of those who apply themselves 
with will and understanding ; and it is only by the intelligent 
assistance of such that Mr. Britling's God will prevail, if T under- 
stand Wells on that point. 

Professor Sherman's book is an excellent starting-point for any- 
one who wishes to renew his acquaintance with Arnold, and in- 
cidentally to find free some solid food for thought in these days 
of the high cost of living. 

Prof. Norton of Drake gave two courses in the Divinity School 
of the University pf Chicago during the Summer quarter- 

Cfiamber of Classical Languages 


Reference has already been made in this Chamber to the 
value of the contribution made by Greek papyri found in Egypt 
to our knowledge of the popular speech (the koine) as represented 
in the New Testament, see vol. XII, p. 73- Unfortunately the 
publications are widely scattered and are not easily accessible out- 
side the walls of a great university. A convenient summary of 
some of the results, however, are now afforded by Souter's Pocket 
Lexicon to the Greek New Testament (Clarendon Press, 1916). 
The nature of this work absolves me from the practice which I 
have hitherto followed without exception, viz. : of never reviewing 
a book which I had not read from cover to cover. In addition 
to incorporating the lexicographical data derived from the papyri, 
the author is careful to indicate the latest theory as regards 
loan-words from Latin, Aramaic, etc. It is natural that a mem- 
ber of an immersionist church should turn first to the definition 
of daptirjo, which begins as follows : "Literally / dii), suhmerge, 
but specifica.lly of ceremonial dipping (whether immersion or ef- 
fusion), / baptize," etc. It is plain that Souter v/ill not be often 
quoted at the revival meetings of Disciple evangelists. I should 
add that a slight testing has shown that the lexicon is marred 
by some omissions. 

This reminds me that I have recently noted a new instance of 
oaptizo in classical Greek. Menander was the leading representa- 
tive of the New Comedy of the Greeks, but his writings have 
been knov\'n to us only through fragmentary quotations. But in 
1907 several hundred lines of his were published from Egyptian 
papyri, still not restoring any one play i7i toto, yet enabling us to 
form an adequate idea of two or three. In one of these, the 
Epitrepontes or Arlritrators, a character says: "Did you notice 
the pond in passing? There I'll kill you by dipping you ihap- 
tizon) the whole night through." It is quite unnecessary to state 
that sprinkling or pouring are here quite out of the question. At 
the same time the passage is not of much value for controversial 
purposes, since Meuaneer died too long (in 291 B. C. ) before the 
Christian use of the term developed. 

On September 2nd Dr. Edward L. Powell began his thirty- 
first year as Pastor of the First Christian Church of Louisville. 

Chamber of Old Testament 


An Introduction to the Old Testament, by Harlan Oreelman, 
Ph. D., published by the MacMillan Company, is a valuable con- 
tribution in the field of Biblical study. While there is no dearth 
of "Literatures" and "Introductions" many of which embody the 
results of ripe scholarship, we feel sure that this new volume will 
be welcomed by students and teachers of the Old Testament. 
Some of its distinctive merits are : the systematic arrangement 
of material, its flivision into chi-onological periods, and four full 
indexes at the close. With the help of the index the reader may 
easily find the author's discussion of the sources, history, and time 
of production of any portion of the Old Testament. 

In an appendix of twenty pages there has been added "A 
Survey of Old Testament Chronology," in which some of the 
[iroblerjs and data receive a more extensive treatment than could 
well be given in the body of the book. 

The analysis and arrangement of material in Doctor Creel- 
raan's Introduction are such that it is admirably suited to the 
needs of one who wishes to use the Old Testament as a source 
for the study of the political history of the people, or to trace 
the growth and development of their religious ideas, or simply 
to make a literary study of the Bible. It is a useful textbook for 
the teacher to put into the hands of his students whether he may 
wish to give an elementary sketch course in Old Testament intro- 
duction, or lead his class in a thorough-going critical study. 

In a brief review it is impossible to do the work justice. To 
be fully appreciated, it should be carefully examined. 

A Greeting from Jo H. Garrison 

Dr. J. IT. Garrison sent us some wholesome advice for the 
annual meeting from which may be quoted the following: 

"I congratulate the Campbell Institute on having become of 
ago and seemingly to be enjoying rather robust health in spite of 
its infantile infirmities and the incessant yelping of the 'hounds 
of the Lord.' But being of age carries with it increased responsi- 
bility. This is true of the Campbell Institute- What I shall say 
on this point is said with a great deal of trepidation and with a 
deep sense of my unworthiness to be associated, even in an hnn- 


orary way, with men whose scholastic privileges and attainments 
far excel my own. Two things alone entitle me to speak to your 
Institute : one is my personal affection for so many of the mem- 
bers of the Institute and my sincere sympathy with the younger 
men among us, especially with those who have taken their life- 
work so seriously to give themselves the best possible preparation 
for doing it well. The other reason is, that I have not allowed 
age to close a single window of my mind or heart against the 
reception of God's unceasing revelation of truth and grace. I 
hunger now, as never before, for a deeper knowledge of God and 
of his Christ, and of all the remedial agencies he is using for the 
redemption of humanity. 

"The Campbell Institute is of age. It has in its active mem- 
bership men of mature judgment, tine ability and of ripe scholar- 
ship. They are men who have accepted Christ as 'the light of the 
v/orld," and its greatest Teacher and Leader of men. You are 
associated, not by the accident of birth, but by intelligent con- 
viction, with the latest of the great world-movements in the 
Church, having for its object the correction of existing errors, 
the revitalization of its powers, and especially the promotion of 
unity among its sundered parts. And this in order that the 
Church may fulfill the mission its Master assigned it. This 
movement needs wise and consecrated leadership in its pulpits, 
its colleges, its editorial chairs and in all the departments of its 
widespread activities. The Campbell Institute is a natural source 
of supply of such leadership. 1 am quite well aware that you are 
by no means inactive in this line; but I am wondering whether 
jou have made it a special object, both of prayer and wise plan- 
ning, to the extent that the urgency of the times demands. This 
is the duty i am urging upon you." 

You are Invited to Write 

While The Bulletins will have Chamber editors again this 
year who will contribute the greater part of the material in Thjb 
Bulletin, there 'will be space for other members to express their 
views. Any member who feels he has something to say is invited 
to send it in. The length of article and style can be judged from 
the back files of The Bulletin. Our Bulletin belongs to no one 
in particular and is designed to be a free medium for the ex- 
change of views in our membership. 

Contents of 'Trogress'^ 

It is a very unprogressive disciple of the progressive attitude 
in religion who has not yet secured a copy of Progress. The 
book was circulated at the annual meeting and is selling right 
along now. It ought to be a matter of pride and loyalty for 
every member to secure Ms copy before the month is out. The 
table of contents of the book as it finally went to press is as 
follows ; 

Introduction . Herbert L. Willett 

History of the Campbell Institute. Edward Hcribner Ames 
The Campbell Institute: . . Questions and Answers. 

Ellsworth Paris ...... 

The Disciples of Christ.. . . The Editors 

Impressions of Twenty Years. . Edward L. Powell 

The Idea of Doctrinal Progress. Chas. M. Sharpe 

Newer Phases of Christian Union. James M. Philputt 

Tendencies in City Religion. . Orvis F. Jordan 

The Church and Her Allies. . Allan B. Philputt 

Social Solicitude and Political Reform. Perry J. Rice 

Evangelical Implications of the Social Task of the Church 
H. D. C. Maclachlan ..... 

Mysticism and Knowledge of God. Herbert Martin 

Roman Catholic Modernism . Errett Gates 

Progressive Protestantism . Burris A. Jenkins 

Two Decades of Missionary History. Frederick E. Lumlew 
The History of Preaching for Twenty Years. 
John Ray Ewers ...... 

The Religious Value of Science . . Arthur Holmes 

Recent Tendencies in Philosophy That are Significant for 
Religion .... Willis A. Parker 

Religious Value of the Fine Arts William D. MacClintock 
Poem. ..... Vachel Lindsay 

Comments on ^Trogress'' 

The editorial treatment of Progress by the church papers is 
beginning to come in. The Christian Standard publishing bitter 
and scathing attack on the book and the Institute, but with no 
specifications against it. The review in the Christian Evangelist 
v.^as friendly and discriminating. The latter is worth reproduc- 


"It is not necessary to agree with all ideas found in this 
volume in order to get good out of it. Indeed, it is the books 
from which we most heartily dissent that often do us the most 
good, provided they are sincere and able. The authors of this 
volume are among the best representatives of the newer scholar- 
ship among the Disciples. This fresher point of view will be 
found in most of the essays. There is a passionate belief in the 
idea of progress. As between the static and dynamic views of 
religion, the latter alone is given countenance. 

"Of course we share their idea of progressive development, 
though we may think of progress as taking a different course in 
some cases from that indicated by a few of the writers- Then 
there is always the danger of making progress a fad. For in- 
stance, we found this cynical remark in a recent book of fiction : 
'Well, the point is this, that for the general public the word to 
conjure with is progress, and "old Fogy," is a word they hate like 
the devil. With that word you can make 'em all turn and squirm 
raid go in any direction you like.' To seek a reputation for being 
progressive, without being able to assimilate true progressive 
iteas, in order to avoid being stigmatized, is just as bad as to 
oppose newer ideas and try to believe in old fogyism when we 

"Beecher gives us the best pictures of progress. 'Truths are 
first clouds, then rain, then harvests and food,' he says. 'True 
philosophy of one century is the common sense of the next. Men 
are called fools, in one age, for not knowing what they were 
called iools for averring in the age before. We should so live 
and labor in our time that what came to us as seed may go to 
the next generation as blossom, and that what came to us as 
blossom, may go to chem as fruit. That is what we mean by 

"We hope the volume under review will have a wide reading. 
If it provokes trulh-loving ciscussion, so much the better." 

There is a call for seveiai back files of The Bulletin. Please 
send to the editor the issues of October, 1911, June and October 
of 1914 and January,. April, May, June and July of 1915. These 
will help complete the files of a member who wishes to bind a 
complete set of Bulletins. 


The Annaul Meeting of the Institute 

The twenty-first annual meeting of the Campbell InsUtute 
was held on July 25th, 2eth and 27th at the Hyc!e Park Church, 
Chicago. The attendance was the largest in our history, with the 
single exception of the twentieth aniversary in 1916. Fifty of 
our members were present at one or more of the sessions. The 
papers were carefully prepared, and as usual the debates were 
lively. As usual, also, the Constitution was amended; but it is 
not unlikely that this will cease to be an annual custom, for it 
was decided that hereafter the Committee on Constitution and 
By-laws be discontinued. 

During the various sessions the following papers were read : 

"The Relative Value of Long and Short Pastorates," Levi 

"The Church Growing with Its Community," C. G. Baker. 

"Four Years in a Lalie Port," Cecil J. Armstrong. 

"On Being of Age," a message from Dr. J. H. Garrison, read 
by the Secretary. 

"The Wit and Wisdom of Ancient Greeks," Dr. George A. 

"Reflections of a Business Man." Charles R. Wakely. 

"Biblical and Religious Instriiction in Colleges," W. C. Gibbs. 

"The Logic of Early Physicians," William A. Crowley. 

"The Disciples and the Reaction Against Intellectualism," 
Edward S. Ames. 

"An T'nholy Trinity," F. O. Norton. 

"Dostoievski." Lee E. Cannon. 

"Some Tendencies in Recent Fiction as Illustrated in H. G. 
Wells," O. F. Jordan. 

"A Review of 'Creative Intelligence,' " J. E. Wolfe. 

One of the notable events of the meeting was the presentation 
of the book "Progress," the Institute's twentieth anniversary 
volume, for which every member had been looking vrith such 
expectancy. It was formally presented by Dr. Willett and ac- 
cepted by Pres. Flickinger ; but Mr. Jordan and Dr. Sharpe, both 
of whom had given much time to the work of the Editing Com- 
mittee, also tok^ of their work in some detail. Every man in the 
Institute must feel a sense of deep obligation to the Committee 
who have made the publication of this volume possible. 

Our late Vice-President. Dr. LTnderwood, was greatly missed, 


for lie had always been among the most regular in attendance. 
His death a few months ago gave to us all a very real sense of 
personal loss, and took from our fellowship a man whom we 
could ill afford to lose. A suitable resolution was spread upon 
the Minutes, and a letter of sincere sympathy was sent through 
the Secretary to Mrs. Underwood. 

Dr. Fliekinger presided at all of the sessions in his own in- 
imitable way, and when he resigned the Chair to his successor, 
every member felt that a very large share of credit for the suc- 
cess of the last two years was due to our retiring President. 
Another large share of that credit must be given to our retiring 
Secretary, Mr. Henry. For many years he has filled this position 
with such efficiency that the Institute would scarcely have con- 
sented to his vacating it, except that he might fill a higher one. 
Mr. Jordan as Editor of The Bulletin, is the third man to whom 
we are especially indebted for the present happy condition of our 
organization, and he was not permitted to resign his labors to 
another. The officers for the ensuing year are : President, Ed- 
ward A. Henry ; Vice-President. Robert E. Park ; Editor, Orvis 
F. Jordan ; Secretary-Treasurer, J. Leslie Lobingier. 

According to the report of the Secretary, our membership on 
July 25th was 198. Since that time it has passed considerably 
bevond the 200 mark. 

Our New Members 

Four of our Associate members were advanced to Regular 
membership ; thus far. however, only three of these have accepted 
the transfer. They are: Howard E. Jensen, J. E. Wolfe, H. W. 

Prof. T. J. Golightly of Drake University, a former member, 
was re-elected to Regular membership and has already sent'Tiis 
acceptance. Dr. Otis M. Cope, Instructor in Physiology in the 
University of Michigan, and Dr. Paul Lineback, of the Faculty 
of the Atlanta Medical School, are also new members among 
the "Regulars." Walter B. Bodenhafer, of the University of 
Kansas, has also sent in his acceptance. 

Our new Associate members are the following : Robert C. 
Lemon, Sandusky, Ohio ; Samuel C. Kincheloe, Lake City, Iowa ; 
Wilfred E. Gordon. Middle Divinity Hall, University of Chicago; 


William E. Carroll, Sbelbyville, lud. ; Herbert Swanson, 5832 
Blackstone Ave., Chicago; Bruce Lee Melvin, Columbia, Mo.; 
August Larson, 1607 Hinkson Ave., Columbia, Mo., and Tyler 
Warren, Pleasantville, Iowa. 

Dr. E. B. Hutchinson of Chicago, Dr. J. J. Kennedy of Frank- 
ford, Mo., and Mr. Richard J. Dickinson of Eureka, 111., were 
elected to Co-operating membership, and have accepted the elec- 

No one has refused membership in the Institute, but some 
who were elected have not as yet replied to the Secretary's letter 
of notification. The new membership list will probably be printed 
in the November Btjlletin, and we trust that all of these may 
be heard from before that time. 

News Notes 


Prof. Garn of Culver-Stockton College, Rev. Clay Trusty of 
Indianapolis, and Rev. Fred. S. Nichols of Iowa City, spent a part 
of the summer in study at the rniversity of Chicago. 

Howard E. Jensen spent his summer supplying the pulpit of 
the Disciples' church at Chanute, Kan. 

.John Ray Ewers was kept away from the annual meeting by 
ill he;; 1th. After spending six weeks at Estes Park, Colo., he 
returnee'' to his home in Pittsburgh about the first of September, 
completely recoverec! in health. He and his church are now in 
the cjidst of a new building campaign. 

William A. Crowley received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 
at the I'niversity of Chicago at the Autumn convocation. He 
has i^pecialized in Philosophy and Psychology. 

Judge Charles S. Lobingier of the United States Court for 
China is spending a few months in this country. He is at present 
at Washington, where h(^ may be reached in care of the Depart- 
ment of State. He expects to spend a few days in Chicago during 
the latter part of October. 

Charles Otis Lee has recently accepted the superintendency 
of the Social Service Department of the Christian Woman's 
Board of Missions. During his pastorate at Danville, lud., he is 
said to have laid especial stress upon civic and social activities, 
developing for example the work of a community center. Such 


efforts will prove invaluable to him in his new position. 

It is an encouraging sign of the times that at the recent 
Bethany Assembly the speakers whose messages seem to have 
proven most effective were men of the type of Charles Clayton 
Morrison, Orvis F. Jordan, and Alva W. Taylor. 

Graham Frank recently left Liberty, Mo., to assume his new 
duties as Pastor of the Central Church at Dallas, Texas. In the 
little college town of Liberty Mr. Frank has long been an out- 
standing figure. His prominent position in our National Conven- 
tions has made his name known throughout the entire Disciples' 

Dr. H. L. Willett spent three weeks at Lake Chautauqua in 
July as one of the popular lecturers at that interesting and 
unique educational center. 

The Secretary, J. L. Lobiugier, has undertaken the work of 
religious and educational director in one of the camps at the 
Naval Training Station. For the present he should be addressed: 
Care Y. M. C. A., Detention Camp No. 1, Naval Training Station, 
Great Lakes, 111. His removal from Chicago is making it more 
difficult for him to secure news notes, and in this task he will 
appreciate the co-operation of all the members. 

W. H. Trainum has changed his work and is now teaching 
at Valparaiso, Ind., in the Valparaiso University. 

O. F. Jordan spoke three "Wednesday evenings in September 
in the Y. M. C. A. huts in Great Lakes Training Station. 

Ellsworth has been advanced to a full professorship at the 
University of Iowa. This deserved promotion is a fitting recogni- 
tion of an able service. 

In couuectien with the National Convention at Kansas City, 
the Campbell Institute men present will meet together, probably 
for dinner. The time can not, be set this far in advance, but 
every Institute man at the Convention will be on the alert for 
announcements as to time and place. 


Institute dues are payable in advance. If you have not yet 
paid yours for tli*^ year 1917-1918, why not mail a check to the 
Secretary today, without waiting for him to send a bill? Thank 
you. J. Leslie Lobingier. 

Campbell gnsttfate Bttlletm 


Editorial Notes 

Many of our men feel that the Institute should "do things." 
There are other people in our fellowship who regard activity as 
pernicious and look upon the Institute as a comradeship around 
m ideal conception of our professional life. Doing things always 
nvites criticism and that is the reason some of our members 
ppould have us pursue the quieter course. On the other hand, 
ioing things successfully may silen-^e more criticism than it 

We have succeeded in floating our book Progress out into 
;he world. We have not yet succeeded in inducing all our mem- 
bers to buy it, but the people who have read the book realize 
:hat it is a worthy accomplishment. The next time we print a 
)ook it ought to be written by one man. Would it not be a 
splendid thing to raise a hundred dollars and offer it as prize 
noney for the best book offered us for publication by the time 
)f the next annual meeting? We might hope to interest some of 
)ur best writers, or better yet, we might discover a new man with 
he gift of expression. If this interests you, write to the officers 
f the Institute. 

It is conceivable that we might wish to engage in some piece 
if research. We have men in our fellowship who would make a 
oreign trip to engage in archeological research in the orient, or 
11 sociological research in European cities, at the close of the war, 
f we were prepared to finance even a part of their expense budget _ 
^his would provide a common program of very great significance. 

At the close of the war, we will be anxious to restore the in- 
ellectual fellowship with other countries. We have men who have 
tudied in Germany but none who have studied in France or 
ngland. A scholarship fund to send a man abroad for a year's 
tudy in a great university for some special purpose would fur- 
ish an outlet for our energies. 

There are publishing activities of less ambitious character 
ban the production of books which wait our attention. The 
Ipiscopalians have the Holy Cross tracts which come out every 
lonth and are admitted to the mail as second class matter. These 
re dedicated to the defense of the high church view of Christi- 


anity. Our social view of religion needs popularizing through 
literature which will find its way into every village and hamlet. 
Is there any interest among us in producing and circulating such 

Chamber of History 


Never has there been a better time for the study of history 
than now. We need to understand the lessons of history, both 
past and present, that we may be prepared to undertake the 
tasks of the future. In view of these facts, it is a most opportune 
time to review the history of our own country as well as that of 
Europe. Formerly we might ignore to a large extent the history 
of European affairs, as we then were living in New World isola- 
tion. Rut the old isolation is gone. We are now a world power 
and are vitally interested in world problems and their solution. 
We are in close contact with the European peoples and are work- 
ing hand in hand with them to bring to a happy conclusion this 
era of strife. It is therefore essential that we know something 
of their life, their culture and their development. This knowledge 
will aid us to co-operate with them in carrying out the world's 
task. It is necessary to stiidy United States history for lessons 
in patriotism, not a narrow patriotism which can see nothing 
good beyond the borders of our own land, but a broader type 
whl^h recognises the brotherhood of mankind and which will aid 
in bringing about world democracy. 

Two books upon United States history and two upon Euro- 
pean are here recommended as giving brief but adequate surveys 
of their respective fields. They were all written as text books, 
but they are of such character that they well serve the general 
reader. The Riverside History of the United States (Boston. 
Houghton Mifflin, 1915; 4 vols.), edited by W. E. Dodd, is written 
in an interesting style and published in a handy form. The vol- 
umes are by different authors, all authorities in their respective 
fields. C. R. Fish, The Development of American yntionaUty 
(New York. American Book, 1914; xxxix, 543 pp.), treats the 
history of the United States from the close of the Revolution to 
the present and furnishes an excellent survey of the period. 
For modern European history C. J. Hayes' A Political and Social 


History of Modern Europe (New York, MacMillan, 1916; 2 vols.), 
a work written from the viewpoint of the newer school of 
listorians. It is well written and gives admirable account of the 
ievelopment of Europe from the Age of Discovery to the present 
'ar. It should be noted that the work is written with a decided 
atholic bias, but otherwise it is to be highly recommended. A 
ingle volume covering the more recent portion of European his- 
ory is C. D. Hazen's Modern European History (New York. Holt, 
L917; xiii, 650 pp.). It affords a concise and readable summary 
)t the history of Europe from the time of the French Revolution. 

Chamber of Pastoral Duties 


Community Interests 

I. Religious Day Schools 

Much thought, time and energy are now being conserved and 
itilized by an affirmative attacking of the problem of religious 
ducation. Instead of fighting to have the Bible read in public 
chool hours, the religious forces are recognizing their obligation 
provide religious education that is both adequate and costly. 
Che religious day school is the result. Its aim is to impart relig- 
ous instruction as naturally, normally, psychologically, and unsec- 
arianly as arithmetic or geography are taught in the public 
chool. In fact, its purpose is to supplement the public school 
astruction with religious instruction, but to do it with adequate 
acilities and competent teachers. 

For some years in Gary religious education had been at- 
empted by the separate congregations, aided financially by the 
arious missionary boards. As Dr. Athearn has rightly pointed 
•ut, this system (while it did do a good work) failed to reach 
he fullest possibilities because it was not a community move- 
Qent, but was imposed from mthout. This year, instead of 
eparate schools we have (with two exceptions) gotten together, 
rganized a Board of Religious Education, employed four expert 
eachers, provided three school buildings well equipped just across 
lie street from our three main public school buildings, and have 

Ilready enrolled about 700 pupils. We utilize the play periods 
which in the Wirt system are six each day, each pupil getting 


way we give two days a week, six hours (periods) each day, to 
each of the three school districts. Our teachers also visit the 
homes. This calls for a budget of $7,000. 

This is a thoroughly democratic movement. Our local Board, 
elected by the churches, employes the teachers, and controls the 
sch^ools. How is it financed? Some money comes from mission- 
ary boards, but is paid to our Board, not to the teachers. Par- 
ents, who are able, are expected to pay a small fee for each child 
— and this, we find, they are glad to do. Pledges have been 
secured in the churches and community. Any deficit is guaran- 
teed by a number of public spirited church men. 

Chamber of Missions 


The subject of missions is one which has increasing interest 
for ministers and educators who are aware of the modern move- 
ments in religion. The members of the Campbell Institute have 
in many notable instances shown their devotion to missionary 
work by their service on the foreign field and by their support 
of missionary agencies through the home churches. There are 
many reasons why all the members should cultivate an interest in 
this department of religious work. On many of the mission fields 
Christianity is having an unusual expansion. This is true in 
China particulajiy, and is due, as some of my Chinese friends 
say, to the better understanding which the educated Chinese 
have with reference to the purposes and ideals of Christian lead- 
ers. The success which is attending the presentation of Christian- 
ity from the modern standpoint — that is, in terms of social service, 
education, medical missions and industrial missions — is hearten- 
ing proof of ' the advantage of the appeal which practical religion 
meets in that country. Our missionaries in India and in other 
more advanced countries report the same phenomena. As the 
missionaries recognize more and more the vital and permanent 
things in the native faiths and put themselves into sympathetic 
relation with the better customs and thought of these peoples, 
they find their cause greatly strengthened. 

It will be the purpose of this Chamber to present an exchange 
of views and of notes concerning books. It is hoped that mem- 
bers of the Institute on the field will co-operate in furnishing 


information concerning their problems, methods of work and 

I have read during the summer Abe Cory's recent book, 
The Trail to the Hearts of Men. I find it an interesting and 
stimulating story of the mission field. Mr. Cory was wise to 
put it into the form of a romance and to give it the attractive- 
ness of fiction. He has been able in this way to convey to a 
much larger number of readers the spirit and sweep of mission- 
ary activity. I wondered whether he represented the conditions 
of missionary life in as attractive a way as would be true to the 
facts. T have had the impression that homes of the missionaries 
and their mode of life with the aid of inexpensive servants were 
better than people at home usually imagine. Formerly it was 
supposed that the more heroic and sacrificial the missionary's 
life was thought to be the greater would be the response of the 
churches, but experience shows that the more normal and whole- 
some the conditions under which the missionaries work, the 
better the interest and co-operation. This better mode of life 
enables the people at home to realize that the missionaries are 
normal and practical persons and none the less devoted. 

Mr. Cory surprises a conventional reader by his unreserved 
description of characters, such as the profane captain of the 
steamer. It is doubtful whether the verbatim reports of such 
conversations really enhance a story of this kind. The book will 
undoubtedly give many readers a more vivid and adequate im- 
pression of the magnitude of the missionary cause and especially 
of the newer opportunities opening at the present time in China. 

Bulletin or Scroll? 

At the summer meeting a motion was made to change the 
name of the Campbell Institute Bulletin back to the name we 
once used. The Scroll. This motion was amended providing that 
1 referendum of membership should be taken before such change 
was made. Doubtless the matter will receive further attention 
It the summer meeting next year and the members are invited 
to write in to the officers expressing their sentiments with regard 
to such a change. 

Proggressive men buy ''Progress 

" t 

22 " 

Chamber of Literature 


The Spirit of Modern OermaH Literature, by Lewisohn, 
Huebsch, 1916, $1.00. 

Goethe, by Thomas, Henry Holt, 1917, $2.00. 

For some fifteen years I have devoted much of my time to 
the study of German literature and culture. I have admired 
in German character that Tuechtigkeit which has applied itself 
so zealously to the mastery of fact, and the Strehen, especially 
striving to develop personality, vt'hich could transmute fact into 
higher values ; qualities which Lewisohn considers the two-fold 
spirit of Goethe manifested in Modern German literature and 
life. Many of Germany's men of letters bear witness to their 
presence. It is, however, with a feeling of dismay that I have 
seen the evolution of the possibilities underlying these traits. 
It seems that Emerson's "Things are in the saddle, and ride 
mankind" has resulted from the first, and from the second has 
come an egotism which Mr. Santayana justly characterizes as 
"subjectivity in thought, and wilfullness in morals." Although 
I still believe that there are many qualities in German character 
worthy of esteem, qualities which are and should be common to 
mankind, I can not but think that those traits which are the 
peculiar glory of German interpreters of German character, are 
the very ones in which lies potentially its shame. 

It isn't simply a question of the Prussians, of whom Goethe 
said, they are "cruel by nature, civilization will make them 
ferocious," for I believe Fichte was right, when he vv'rote, "The 
distinction between Prussia and the rest of Germany is external, 
arbitrary and fortuitous." The trouble, I think, lies in the de- 
velopment of good qualities along a wrong line into a fundamen- 
tally false' philosophy of life. And so I can not agree with 
Levrisohn in seeing in modern German literature, which is a 
reflection of modern German life, a continuation of Goethean 
ideas. It is rather an abortion. 

Goethe's doctrines of self-control and renunciation are strik- 
ingly absent. According to him, the state was for man, not the 
reverse. Goethe's individual perfection could only be attained as 
the hope of the great community was realized. It was based on 
character, not on temperament. Temperamental individualism, 
instead of transmuting fact into higher values, is transmuted 


by it. 

It does not seem to me that the spirit of modern German 
literature is the spirit of Goethe. 

Chamber of Old Testament 


The Old Testament prophet and the Greek philosopher are in 
substantial agreement on a fundamental point in ethics. With 
both, right attitude and knowledge are essential for virtue or 
moral excellence. Both, when they speak of knowledge in this 
connection, mean the result of experience. And yet there is a 
difference. The Greek puts the emphasis upon the intellect or 
reason, while th9 Hebrew makes the chief factor in knowledge 
the active life of its possessor. 

The prophet's insistence upon having the heart right is so 
common that we need not cite the Scriptures on that point. A 
few passages will make clear his idea of knowledge. In Hosea 
vi. 6 .Jehovah demands of his people the knowledge of God 
rather than ritual ; and the beginning of the fourth chapter rep- 
resents Him as calling the nation to account because, while there 
s an utter lack of virtue for which the prophet uses three 
synonyms, fidelity, goodness, and the knowldege of God, there Is 
naught but active sin in its worst forms. 

The best commentary on this preaching of Hosea is found 
n Jeremiah xxii. 13-17, where the prophet after describing 
;he extravagant luxury and dishonest oppression practiced by 
Fehoiakim adds in marked contrast a word about the simple 
nanner of life and righteous rule of good king Josiah ; "Did not 
hy father eat and drink, and do justice and righteousness? 

. . . He judged the cause of the poor and needy 

not this to know me? saith Jehovah." 

The teaching of Jesus, John xvii. 3, that knowing God is life 
Jternal is in exact harmony with the Old Testament; for we are 
lot to think of intellectual gains and mental equipment, but 
•ather of divine living; not theology, but a life of service like 
hat of the Master. 

Aristotle defines virtue as an acquired habit of deliberate 
ihoice. A man to be good must do each act from moral choice. 
Phe power of moral vision is gained from experience. With him, 


as with the Stoics, the goal of happiness was to live according 
to nature, doing nothing that the common law forbids, which is 
right reason, the same that is in Jupiter. For the exact content 
of these expressions in the mind of the Greeks the reader is re- 
ferred to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, especially books II 
and VI, and Diogenes Laertius VII. 

The ideal of the philosopher was contemplation, exercise of 
the reason — partly negative, mostly selfish. That of the prophet 
was action, life, service — postive, altruistic. 

Chamber of Classical Languages 

Last month I had occasion to refer to Menander, the chief 
representative of the so-called New Comedy of the Greeks. In 
Roman times Greek comedy was divided into three periods, Old, 
Middle, and New. The first named flourished in the fifth century 
B. C. and was largely given up to personalities and politics. 
Living personages like Socrates and Euripides were represented 
by actors on the stage and indiculed unmercifully. Eleven plays 
of Aristophanes, the leading poet of Old Comedy, are extant. 
Shortly after 400 B. C. impersonation of contemporaries was 
prohibited by law. There resulted a transition period. Middle 
Comedy, which was largely devoted to mythological travesty. 
About 330 B. C. emerged the final type, a comedy of manners, 
which was almost' exclusively employed for translation and adap- 
tation by Plautus, Terence, and the other Roman comedians and 
which most closely resembles our modern comedy. From the 
last two periods not a single play has some down to us in its 
entirety. Yet numerous "fragments," iisually quotations or 
papyri scraps, have been diligently collected and reach an aggre- 
gate of several thousand verses. For Menander these have re- 
cently been augmented, as explained last month, by extensive 
portions of several plays. All in all, we now have sufficient 
data with which to estimate the style, teachings, dramatic 
technique, character-drawing, and plot-developments for several 
of the writers. Therefore, in 1910 the third period was passed 
in review by a French scholar, Philippe Legrand. Mr. James 
Loeb, a New York banker who is interested in classical studies, 
has just published an English translation of this under the 


title of The '^eiv Ch-eek Comedy (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1917). 
In the conduct of this Chamber to date I have endeavored to 
mention only such books as might be thought capable of appealing 
to others than professional classicists. That rule, however, 
is hereby broken, for even in its English form Legi'and's work can 
hardly have much meaning except for Hellenists. For them, on 
the contrary, it is a most valuable production and deals with a 
highly important field. I have contributed a more comprehensive 
re\aew of its merits to the October number of the Classical 
Journal, to which I must refer any who would desire further 

Chamber of Education 

Play and the Church 

Recent years have seen a new emphasis upon play. Play is 
planted deep in the instinctive life of the human species. Psy- 
chology re'^'Ognizes the important place it occupies in the develop- 
ment of the individual. Indeed, as a socializing factor, it is 
indispensable in the life of the child. Its educational values have 
been set forth forcefully by Johnson, Curtis, Lee and others. A 
large and growing body of writing in periodical journals insists 
upon the importance of play. The Recreation and Playground 
Association of America is the greatest agency in giving play pop- 
ular acceptance as an important life-factor. 

The historic attitude of the church toward play is antagon- 
ism. Play was regarded as foolish, selfish and idle. When at last 
the church was compelled to recognize it as a valuable factor she 
first attempted to offer it as bait instead of as bread. But there 
are now encouraging indications that the church is beginning to 
appreciate play for what it is. For if the religious life is the 
expression of the whole healthy self under normal control of 
spiritual ideals, then play, as it is being directed and safeguarded 
today, is a religious activity. Play for its own sake is worth 
very much more than as a sop to encourage attendance in the 
Sunday School. The Young Men's Christian Association long ago 
discovered its intrinsic value. 

The most recent book on the value of play to religion that 
has come to my desk is Recreation and the Church, by Herbert 


Wright Gates (1917, University of Chicago Press). Mr. Gates' 
practical experience in connection with tlie Bricli Church, Roch- 
ester, N. Y., qualifies him to speak instructively, and he has 
spoken well. 

T. J. Golightly. 

Chamber of New Testament 


A Harmony of the Synoptic Gospels, Burton and Goodspeed. 
(Scribner's, $1.25.) 

The Records of the Life of Jesus, Sharman. (Doran, $2.50.) 

Two new English harmonies of the Gospels have recently 
come off the press. One is by Henry Burton Sharman, formerly 
Instructor of New Testament in the University of Chicago, while 
the other represents the combined work of Professors Burton 
and Goodspeed, of the Divinity School of the University of Chi- 
cago. Mr. Sharman has appended the Fourth Gospel to the Synop- 
tic parallels, connecting them by numerous cross references. The 
book seems rather large and unwieldy. 

The Burton-Goodspeed harmony differs in several respects 

from its rival. In the first place, it concerns itself strictly with 

the Synoptic Gospels. Again, instead of the English Revised 

Text, it has the American, which, apart from any claim to greater 

accuracy, is at least more familiar to American readers. Worthy 

of comment, also, is the compact and simple form in which it is 

issued, and the fact that it sells for half the price of the other. 

When the Burton-Goodspood Greek harmony is published next 

year, the student of the synoptic problem will have at his disposal 

most of the conveniences necessary for a first-hand acquaintance 

with that problem. 

* * * * 

The history of the synoptic problem and of harmony-making 
is beginning to take on an interesting aspect. The gospels have 
been harmonized into a continuous narrative, or paralleled to 
shoW discrepancies, and more recently, to show literary depend- 
ence. One prominent hope has been to isolate by means of literary 
criticism, the original gospel story and message, thereby making 
possible an appeal to the "authority of Jesus." Failure in this 
was registered by the next appeal, even more subjective, not to 


the record of Jesus' words, but to his "spirit." In the growing 
movement of real historical study and pragmatic philosophy both 
interests are sure to encounter great opposition and are doomed 
to suffer whatever fate is meted out to "authority" in its external 
form. Can the Harmony of the Gospels harmonize itself with 
modern tendencies, or must it meet the same defeat that is even 
now coming upon the ideas that produced the harmony? Will it 
continue to search for the authoritative words of the earthly 
Jesus, or his authoritative spirit, and become increasingly in- 
effective, or will it in some way lend its talents to the historical 
method of interpretation and the pragmatic use of the New Testa- 
ment, and thereby live? It is at once obvious that with the 
will have it in their power to turn the Gospel Harmony to good 
results of scholarly work at hand, teachers of New Testament 
accoimt in popularizing and confirming the historical method of 
P>il)lical study. 

Chamber of Sociology 


Mr. II. G. Wells, iu his volume, God, the Invisible King, pre- 
sent himself no longer as writer of stimulating stories nor yet 
as a popular social philosopher, but as a theologian, the apologist 
of a new religion. It is not to announce the new religion that 
the book is written. The new religion is here. It is all about us. 
Its pervasive influence is felt in all avenues of social life. It 
finds its followers in all races, ranks and creeds. It has even 
penetrated the churches and has infected, in many cases, the 
orthodoxy of the professed leaders of religion. 

What the new religion lacks is a theology. It needs defini- 
tion, a formal declaration of principles, and a god. These Mr. 
Wells has undertaken to supply. 

Mr. Wells' conception of God is interesting. That is, per- 
haps, the least that one can say of it. It supplies the only gen- 
uine novelty which the new religion has to offer. Mr. Wells 
conceives God in sociological terms. We have heretofore fash- 
ioned our gods in images of wood or stone. We have attempted 
to describe them in terms of mathematical and physical abstrac- 
tions, as "first causes." or beings infinite in time, in space, and 
iu power. Mr. Wells' god is a sort of apotheosis of public opinion. 


It Is uot public opinion, eittier; it is rather the deeper currents 
of moral sentiment which are progressively embodied in institu- 
tions which is the substance of Mr. Wells' conception of God. It 
is the general will of the world, but it is this general will 
hypostasized, personified, and made an object of faith. It is just 
because and in so far as this general will becomes an object of 
faith and commands the loyalty of mankind that it becomes 
an actual force in the world of men. 

God is goodwill, but goodwill that is cosmic in its admis- 
sions. This is, as nearly as I can state it, what seems to me the 
kernel of Mr. Wells' theology. 

The most interesting things in Mr. Wells' book are the inci- 
dental statements which reveal his personal attitude toward this 
finite super-individual whom he defines as God. When he speaks 
of God it is in language that all of us can understand. This is 
what he says : 

"First one must feel the need of God, then one must form or 
receive an acceptable idea of God. That much is no more than 
turning one's face to the east to see the coming of the sun. 
One may still doubt if that direction is the east or whether 
the sun will rise. The real coming of God is not that. It is 
a change, an iri'adiation of the mind. Everything is there as it 
was before, only now it is aflame. Suddenly the light fills one's 
eyes, and one knows that God has risen and that doubt has fled 

Mr. Wells is a very resolute heretic in his theology. He is 
determined not to be any kind of a Christian. He seems, however, 
to be quite orthodox in his religious sentiments. 

My Impressions of Wells' Religious Ideas 

The book, God, the Invisihlc King, impresses me as a popular 
statement of ideas which have been familiar for years to the 
readers of William James and other writers of that type of 
thought. The author seems to have a sense of the novelty and 
audacity of his presentation which is somewhat amusing to those 
trained in these technical fields. It seems likely that the book 
will do' a great deal, however, to familiarize the public with 
terms and ideas in religion which belong to the modern view. 


For many readers it will have a constructive value. How the 
old line conservatives can live with it is not clear. One of the 
Ijoints which he makes suggests the desirability of having a lit- 
erary account of the Council of Nicea which by so narrow a 
margain fixed upon the religious world the canons of orthodoxy. 
It is often forgotten that that Council was so much like a modern 
political convention with trading of votes and bargaining for 
position and all the other secondary and even disgraceful pro- 
cedures of such occasions. It must be rather disconcerting to the 
champions of orthodoxy to realize that the standards they exalt 
were thrust into the foreground by such accidents of history. 
It is interesting to try to imagine what our religious situation 
would be today if the views of Arius had dominated that Council. 

Local Chapters for the Institute 


The constant and healthy growth of the Campbell Institute 
through all these twenty years of its interesting history is cause 
for congratulation. The organization has safely weathered all 
the squalls and Euroelydons thus far and it would seem that 
nothing short of a submarine attack can damage it. Its spirit 
and motives are now more generally understod, and no one 
among the Disciples has any special animosity toward Freedom 
and Truth. 

Nevertheless, the Institute should regard its present pros- 
perity as a challenge to new activity and new loyalty as regards 
its ideals and opportunities of service. Among its principles is 
that of Dem^ocracy. which is a correlate of Freedom. But we 
are coming to see that Democracy is a delusion unless it means 
universal obligation and participation in public business. Some 
one has said : The public business of America is the private 
business of every citizen. Attention should be given to the slack- 
er in times of peace as well as in war time. 

It can not be truthfully afBrmed that there has been or now 
is that general participation in the affairs of the Institute which 
the high quality of its membership and its democratic character 
would lead one to expect. Some color has been given to the oc- 
casional charge that a few Chicago men manage and direct the 
whole enterprise. But this is due not to any desire upon the 


part of Chicago men to dominate Institute life: rather is it due 
to the exigencies of the situation and to the present form of 
organization. The only way to remove the reproach is to adopt 
such expedients as will bring the great body of men in the Insti- 
tute into active co-operation. What expedients suggest themselves 
as practicable and desirable? 

First of all, it is desirable that a much larger attendance be 
secured for the annual meetings. Frequently this has been a very 
small proportion of the membership, though the past two years 
have witnessed great improvement in this respect. But it is 
highly questionable whether we can ever hope to have an at- 
tendance thoroughly representative of our widely distributed con- 
stituency. In our recent gatherings we had occasion to deplore 
the fact that many men after election to membership have never 
attended even one annual meeting. It was agreed that such men 
are practically lost to the Institute. 

Now, it would seem imperative that steps be taken to bring 
as many men as possible into actual touch with Institute activi- 
ties. The present writer believes that the natural and feasible 
line of development to be the organization of Local Chapters of 
the Institute at several convenient centers of the country, wher- 
ever a suitable number of men is accessible. Nor need the number 
be so lai'ge. Wherever two or three genuine Institute men might 
gather, the spirit of Freedom and Truth would be present. It is 
at once evident that good chapters might be organized at the 
following centers : Chicago, Indianapolis, Des Moines, Pittsburgh, 
Kansas City, Cleveland, Dallas, Boston and New York. Others 
v.'ould be possible later. 

Among the benefits and advantages of such local chapters 
may be mentioned the following : 

1. •'A much larger number of men would be brought into 
direct relation to the Institute life and work. A consciousness of 
Institute membership and its value would be awakened where now 
it languishes. 

2. Questions which are debated in the annual meetings, and 
policies which are vital to the whole Institute could be referred 
to the chapters and" thus a really democratic expression of senti- 
ment be secured. Furthermore, the chapters would be originating 
sources of ideas and inspirations tending toward the fulfillment 
of Institute ends. 


.''>. The ii.'itioiiiil (dliccrs would lie jihic lo Hccuro n much more 
viliil !iii(| clliciciil, co-opcintlon in llic InisincHH of the InHlltuto 
through (•(»rrcs|)oM(l('iif(. wilh ni(> ofliccr.s of tho Wk'uI cliaptor.s, 
iiiid )hr(»UKh JH'lii.'il vlHlUiflon. 

1. 'IMics(> clijiptcrs, hy mcuuH of Hociul o(!cu.slonH uiid other- 
wise, coiilil Interpret to iin ever-widening clrele of open-minded 
people tlie spirit of tlie Institute iind tlius <!Xt,eiid the intluenco 
(if its i den Is. 

T). Siicli cliiipters would ()(> inv!ilujil)le us sourc(>.s of Informfi- 
tioii rei^'jirdiiiK itersons to l)e .'idded t,o tlie eo-operntiuK ineinl)(;rshij) 
of the liislitute. 

(I. lM<ideiil;il to the ;:;euer;il iiwiikeiiiMK of iutenwt which 
nii^'lit re;is(iii;il(ly he expected from such )in eiiliii'P'd prof^rum, 
there would in :ill i)roI);il»ilily he iin iucrcMse (»f Jit leM(hinc(» at the 
iinnual meetinji^s. 

The sclieme He(!ius worthy of attention and disciissIoTi. If 
throui^di such discussion and l>y correspondence tlirouKlioiit the 
Inslitiile it hecoMies appar(>nt tliat thei-e is a (h'slre for sucli 
extension as suKK''^<'ed, tlie writer stands ready to suhmit an 
ameinlineiil to tin? Oonstlt ut ion providin^^ for the sanu! and direct- 
ing its inauguration. '^IMiis expression of view lias thrown out: of 
soni(> liillis lielweeii the new i)residenl of tiie Institute, Mr. Henry, 
and myself. Wo. llnd ours<'lves In happy accord reKardin^ tho 
main outline,s of the Idea. T\u\ details would iu; a matter merely 

The Kansas City Meeting 

The ('iiniphell liislilnle nieelinjj; at Kansas ^Mty wiis held in 
tlie Hotel I'altiiiiore on Oct. !!!>, at the noon iioiir immediately 
after I he special a<idress on Hie war hy I'.urrls A. JcMikliiH. 

'I'liere were forty-five at Hie liincl u, whieii fact was in no 

siii.'il! men sure diK! to the f^ood work done l)y J. E. Wolfe, who 
spent coiisideraiile time in f^etlin;^ tlie men tofjcether. 

Addresses were made iiy Messrs. Morrison, (/ampiiell, Jones, 
rjiul, Powell and Jenkins. O. h\ Jordan presided. TIm; oratorical 
I'eiilnre of Hie ociasioii w;is the very earnest address of 1']. L. 
l*ovv(>ll on the TrM iisylvania situation. A resolution had l)(!(Ui 
introduced in Hie convention Hie diiy hel'iire (>y K. A. LonR asking 
for an invcslii^'at ioii of 'I'riinsylvM nia l»y the General Convention 


and this violation of the freedom of learning was repudiated in 
no uncertain terms by the pastor of our great Louisville church. 
The spirit of the meeting was cheerful, and there was no 
doubt in anybody's mind that the convention had registered prog- 
ress in many significant ways. Some of the speakers spoke most 
appreciatingly of Progress. As one looked about the table, one 
realized that the members of our organization are making a most 
effective contribution to the life of the Disciples of Christ. 

News Notes 


A number of our members have mailed their checks for dues 
without waiting for bills to be sent — a courtesy much appreciated 
by the Secretary. There is still time for you to mail yours before 
the statements go out. Members are reminded that no rec-eipt 
is sent unless, as occasionally happens, a man has sent cash. A 
check is regarded as itself sufficient receipt. 

Professor Willis A. Parker of Pomona College lectured on 
the Psychology and Pedagogy of Religion in the summer school 
at the State University of Arkansas. We regret to learn that 
since returning to California he has been ill. Although he has 
begun his work of teaching, he is nevertheless not yet well. 

Dr. Henry B. Robison, Dean of the School of Religion of 
Culver-Stockton College, writes optimistically of the outlook for 
the present year. His younger- daughter recently underwent an 
operation for appendicitis, but his friends will be glad to know 
that she is now well again. 

A number of C. I. men recently attended the Congress on 
the Purpose and Method of Inter-Church Federations at Pitts- 
burgh, among them Messrs. Willett, Ewers, Rothenburger, Rice, 
Goldner, and Lockhart. The chief theme of the gathering was : 
The War and Its Relation to Church Federation. 

John Ray Ewers is hard at work again in Pittsburgh. His 
church is putting up a new quarter of a million dollar building, 
the completion of which is being somewhat delayed, however, on 
account of the labor situation. Religious education will be a 
special feature of their enlarged work, and adequate provision 
for this is being made in their new structure. We hope that in 
their new home they may continue to live up to their motto : 
"The Friendliest Church in Town." 


In the October Bulletin it was announced that "Ellsworth 
has been advanced to a full professorship at the University of 
Iowa." Our former president is, of course, so well known that 
everyone must have realized that it was he to whom reference 
was made. Speaking of Dr. Faris merely by his first name was, 
however, unintentional. We have not reached that stage of 

Rodney L. McQuary, who during the past year was head of 
the Sacred Literature department of Eureka College, has been 
appointed an Army Chaplain. While at Tale he proved his ability 
to reach soldiers in a constructive and effective way. 

Wm. H, Trainum has recently become Dean of the School 
of Bible Study of Valparaiso University. He has been given an 
unusual amount of liberty in the choice of his assistants and the 
dictation of his pob>y, and his friends -will watch with consider- 
able interest the future of the Theological department in this 
interesting and unique institution. 

Vaughan Dabney of Durham, N. H., has been granted a nine 
months' leave of absence, to begin .January 1st. He will spend 
the time in France, engaging in religious work under the auspices 
of the Y. M. C. A. This he does in spite of the fact that his 
church has recently spent $1,000 in fixing up the parsonage ! 
Mr. Dabney has been on the schedule of preachers at Andover 
and Exeter this fall. 

The Secretary regrets to announce that two resignations have 
been received since the annual meeting, those of C G. Vernier, 
Palo Alto, Cal.. a Regular member, and Richard W. Wallace, Lex- 
ington, Mo., an Associate member. 

Since the last issue of the Bulletin three men elected at the 
annual meeting have accepted membership : Robert C. Abram, of 
Columbia, Mo., becomes an Associate member, and Dr. W. E. Dun- 
can and Harry McCormack, both of Chicago, become Co-operating 

Our members will be interested in knowing that the enroll- 
ment of Transylvania this fall is actually in advance of that of 
last year, in spite of the little flurry in the spring — or, shall we 
say, because of it? 

Fred S. Nichols, formerly of Iowa City, and at present doing 
some work at the University of Chicago, is preaching for several 
months at Table Grove, 111. Three churches are co-operating, 

34 - - 

Pi-esbyterian, Universalist. and Disciples; and Mr. Nichols has 
charge of this interesting community service. For five years he 
was pastor of the Disciples church at this place, and it is no 
slight tribute to the character of his work that he should now 
be selected by these three congregation for his present task. 

E. C. Boynton has resigned his pastorate at Dallas, Tex. 

Dr. Ames recently celebrated his spventeenth anniversary as 
pastor of the Hyde Park church. At the annual meeting of the 
church in October it was reported that during the past year 
about $6,000, or $20 per member, had been raised, of which 
approximately one-third is for missionary and benevolent pur- 
poses; and the collection bfiskets have never been passed at any 
service during the year. 

C. C. Buckner has begun his work as pastor of the historic 
Ionia. INTich.. church. 

Dr. J. H. Garrison has writtf^n bis anprecintlon of the mes- 
sage sent him by the Institute at the time of the annual meeting. 
We are glad that he was able to take the trip east to the Kansas 
City convention. Prior to the convention he visited his sister at 
Macomb, 111., and also delivered the address at the laying of the 
cornerstone of the new Kings Highway Church in St. Louis. 

Walter S. Rounds, until November 1st the pastor of the Dis- 
cjnles' church at Taylorville. Til., has gonf to New Haven to do 
some graduate work in the Yale School of Religion. 

Professor Alva W. Taylor of Columbia. Mo., has been ap- 
pointed by the President of France to supervise the social work 
among the American soldiers in the French army. 

C. C. Morrison supplied the pulpit of the Linwood Boulevard 
Christian Church of Kansas City for a period of approximately 
six months, during the absence of Dr. Jenkins, who was gone for 
that length of time, engaged in war service in France. On 
October 21st Dr. .Jenkins preached in his own pulpit again. 
Through the Christian Century he has given us a glimpse of his 
experiences, but we are hoping and looking for more. 

W. D. Endres recently completed three years as pastor of the 
First Church of Quincy, 111., during which period over three 
hundred persons were received into its fellowship. 

Dr. Herbert L. Willett is now the President of the Church 
Federation of Chicago, which includes approximately six hundred 
Protestant churches. 



H. W. Cordell has accepted a position in the Washington 
State College at Pullman, Wash., as Instructor in Economics. 
His work began October 1st. While doing graduate work at the 
University of Chicago he held a student pastorate at Gurnee, 
111., with very marked success. 

Regular Members. 


Allen, Frank Waller, Springfield, 111. 
Ames, E. S., 5722 Kimbark Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Armstrong. C. J., Gary, Ind. 

Armstrong, H. C, 744 Dolphin St., Baltimore, Md. 
Atkins, Henry Pearce, Mexico, Mo. 

Baker, C. G., 41 N. Holmes Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Batman, Levi G., 1516 Florencedale Ave., Youngstown, Ohio, 
Blair, Verle W., Eureka, 111., 

Boynton, Edwin C-. 4108 Avenue G.. Austin, Texas. 
Brelos, C. G.. 12042 Stewart ave., Chicago. 
Burgess, Henry G., Canton, Mo. 
Burkhardt, Carl A., Franklin, Ind. 
Burns, H. F., Oshkosh, Wis. 
Campbell, Geo. A., Hannibal, Mo. 
Chapman, A. L., Bozeman, Mont. 

Chenoweth, Irving S., 1746 N. 15th St.. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Cole, A. L., Brookfield. Mo. 
Corn, E. W., 1 Madison Ave., New York City. 
Cree, Howard T., Augusta, Ga. 
Dabney, Vaughan, Box 102, Durham, N. H. 
Dailey, B. F., 279 S. Ritter Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Davidson, Hugh R., White Hall, 111. 
Early, Chas. S., 224 Terrace Ave-, Liberty, Mo. 
Endres, W. D., SlOVa Oak St., Quincy, 111. 
Ewers, J. R., 1301 Denniston ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Frank, Robert Graham, Dallas, Tex. 
Garvin, J. L., 1446 Northland Ave., Lakewood, Ohio. 
Gentry, Richard W., 802 E. Tenth St., Winfield, Kans. 
Givens, John P., Hoopeston, 111. 
Goldner, J. H., Euclid and Streator Aves., Cleveland, Ohio. 

36 - ; 

Grim, F. F., Lawrenceburg, Ky. 
Hall, Maxwell, 1520 Menlo Place, Columbus, Ohio. 
Haushalter, W. M., East Orange, N. J. 
Henry, Edward A., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Hill, Harry G., 52 Irvington Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Hill, J. Sherman, Paola, Kans. 
Hoover, G. I., 5324 Julian Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Hotaling, Lewis R., State Line, Ind. 
Hunter, Austin, 2431 Flournoy St., Chicago, 111. 
Idleman, Finis S., 375 Central Park W., New York. 
Jenkins, Burris A., 2812 Charlotte St., Kansas City, Mo. 
Jensen, Howard E., 6053 Ellis Ave., Chicago. 
Jones, Edgar DeWitt, 805 Front St., Bloomington, 111. 
Jordan, 0. F., 831 Washington St., Evanston, 111. 
Lee, 'Chas. O., Danville, Ind. 

Livengood, Fay. E., 282 Prospect St.; New Haven, Conn. 
Loken, H. J., 20 N. Ashland Ave-, Chicago. 
McCartney, J. H.. Berkeley, Cal. 
McKee, John, Swanson Flats, Storm Lake, Iowa. 
Maclachlan, H. D. C, Seventh St. Christian Church, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Marshall, Levi, Greencastle, Ind. 
MofiPett, Frank L., 604 Cherry St.. Springiield, Mo. 
Moffett, Geo. L., Pendleton, Ind. 

Moorman, E, E., 45 N. Dearborn St., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Morgan, Leslie W.. "Wringoliff," Priory Rd., Hornsey, London, 

Myers, J. P., 2915 N. Capitol Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Parvin, Ira L., 2224 Niagara ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
. Payne, Wallace C, College of Missions, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Philputt, Allan B., 505 N. Delaware St., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Philputt, James M., Charlottesville, Va. 
Pike, Grant E., Lisbon, Ohio. 
Place, Alfred W., Bowling Green, Ohio. 
Reidenbach, Clarence. Milford, Conn. 
Rice, Perry J., 1st Christian Ch., El Paso, Tex. 
Rothenburger, W. F., 4518 Franklin Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Rounds, Walter 8.. Taylorville, 111. 
Rowlison, C. C, 919 Main St., La Crosse, Wis. 
Ryan, William D., 204 Breaden St., Youngstown, O. 


Schooling, L. P., Standard, Alberta, Canada. 

Shields, David H., 915 W. Walnut St., Kokomo, Ind. 

Smith, W. H., 203 E. Kirkwood Ave., Bloomington, Ind. 

Stewart, Geo. B., 74 W. 126th St., New York. 

Todd, E. M., Canton, Mo. 

Trusty, Clay, 859 W. 30th St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Van Arsdall, Geo. B., 541 Equitable Bldg., Denver, Colo. 

Waite, Claire L.. 1339 Wahsatcli Ave., Colorado Springs, Col. 

Ward, A. L., Lebanon, Ind. 

Waters, Baxter, West End Christian Church, Atlanta, Ga. 

Winders, C. H., 108 S. Bitter Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Winn, Walter G. 4323 N. Kedvale Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Winter, Truman E., 1102 S. Forty-sixth St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Wolfe, J. E., 3001 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 


Archer, J. Clark, 571 Orange St., New Haven, Conn. 

Bodenhafer, Walter B., 942 Mississippi St., Lawrence, Kans. 

Boyer, E. E., Plymouth, Ind. 

Braden, Arthur, 1300 Mount Oread, Lawrence, Kans. 

Cannon, Lee E., Hiram, Ohio. 

Carr, W. L., 5722 Kenwood Ave., Chicago. 

Clark, 0. B., 1234 Thirty-second St., Des Moines, la. 

Coleman, C. B., 33 Downey Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Compton, Jas. S., Eureka, 111. 

Cope, Otis M., 1327 Wilmot St., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Cordell, H. W., Washington State College, Pullman, Wash. 

Cory, C. E. Washington University, St. Louis, Mo. 

Crowley, W. A., 120 M. D. Hall, Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, III. 

Deming, J. L., 71 College St., New Haven, Conn. 

Edwards, G. D., Bible College, Columbia, Mo. 

Eskridge, J. B., Weatherford, Okla. 

Faris, Ellsworth, Uni. of Iowa, Iowa City, la. 

Flickinger, Roy C, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. 

Golightly, Thomas J., Drake University, Des Moines, la. 

Garn, Herbert M., Canton, Mo. 

Garrison, W. E., Claremont, Cal. 

Gates, Errett, 5616 Kenwood Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Gibbs, Walter C, 515 S. Fifth St., Columbia, Mo. 

Guy, H. H., 2515 Hillegas Ave., Berkeley, Cal. 

Hill, Roscoe R., El Rito, N. M. 


Holmts, Arthur, Penn. State College, State College, Pa. 
Hopkins, Louis A., 1517 S. University Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Howe, Thos. C, Butler College, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Howell, Wm. R., Beckley Institute, Beckley, W. Va. 
Jewett, Frank L., 2009 University Ave., Austin, Texas. 
Jones, Silas, Eureka, 111. 

Kirk, Sherman, 1060 31st St., Des Moines, Iowa. 
Lineback, Paul, Atlanta Medical College, Atlanta, Ga. 
Lockhart, Chas. A., Helena, Mont. 
Lockhart, Clinton, Fort Worth, Texas. 
Lumley, Fred E., College of Missions, Indianapolis, Ind. 
McClean, Lee D., 39 McLellan St., Brunswick, Me. 
McQuary, Rodney L., Eureka, 111. 
Martin, Herbert, Drake University, Des Moines, la. 
Morehouse, D. W., Drake University, Des Moines, la. 
Norton, F. 0., Drake LTniversity, Des Moines, la. 
Park, Robert E.. Uni. of Chicago. Chicago. 
Parker, W. A., Pomona College, Claremont, Cal. 
Peckhatti, Geo. A., Hiram, Ohio. 

Plum, H. G., University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. 
, Pritchard, H. 0., Eureka, 111. 

Rainwater. Clarence E., 4202 Yineennes Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Ritchey, Chas. J., 6053 Ellis Ave., Chicago. 
Robison, H. B., Canton, Mo. 

Serena, Joseph A., William Woods College, Fulton, Mo. 
Sharpe, Chas. M., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Smith, J. E., Eureka, Illinois. 

Smith, Raymond A., Atlantic Christian College, Wilson, N. C. 
- Talbert, E. L., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Taylor, Alva W., 708 Providence Road, Columbia, Mo. 
Taylor, Carl C, 207 S. Ninth St., Columbia, Mo. 
Trainum, W. H., 809 Fremont St., Valparaiso, Ind. 
Vannoy, Chas. A., Canton, Mo. 

Veatch, A. D., 1423 Twenty-third St., Des Moines, la. 
Willett, Herbert L., University of Chicago. Chicago, 111. 


Grainger, O. J., Jubbulpore, India. 

Hamilton, Clarence H., LTniversity of Nanking, Nanking, China. 

MacDougall, W. C, 581-5 Drexel Ave., Chicago. 

Sarvis, Guy W., LTniversity of Nanking, Nanking, China. 



Amot, E. J., Ass'n BIdg., Adrian, Mich. 

Lobingier, J. Leslie, Y. M. C. A., Camp Farragut, Great Lakes, 

Logan, Wellington M., Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 


Clark, Thomas Curtis, Maywood, 111. 

Morrison, C. C, 706 E. Fiftieth nlace. Chicago, 111. 

Honorary Members. 
Breeden, H. 0., 1038 St., Fresno, Cal. 
Garrison, J. H., Claremont, Cal. 
Haley, J. J., Christian Colony, Acampo, Cal. 
Lindsay, Nicholas Vachel, Springfield, 111. 
Lobingier, Charles S., Shanghai, China. 
MacClintock, W. D., University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Powell, E. L., First Christian Church, Louisville, Ky. 

Associate Members. 


Abram, Robert C, Columbia, Mo. 
Alcorn, W. Garuett, Lathrop, Mo. 
Arnot, John K., 4904 W. Byron St., Chicago. 
Buckner, C. C, Ionia, Mich. 
Carroll, William E., Shelbyville, Ind. 

Cartwright, Lin D., 202 W. Magnolia St., Ft. Collins, Colo. 
Davison, Frank E., Spencer, Ind. 
Dean, Tom, Jacksonville, Texas. 
Goodnight, Cloyd, Uniontown, Pa. 
Haiidley, Royal L., Springfield, 111. 
Kilgour, Hugh B., 666 Euclid Ave., Toronto, Can. 
Klncheloe, Sam C, Lake City, Iowa. 
Larson, August P., 1607 Hinkson Ave., Columbia, Mo. 
Lemon, Robert C, Yale School of Religion, New Haven, Conn. 
McDaniel, Asa, Rensselaer, Ind. 
McQueen, A. R., 5808 Huron St., Chicago. 
Melvin, Bruce L., 812 N. Eighth St., Columbia, Mo. 
Nichols, Fred S., 84 M. D. Hall, University of Chicago, Chi- 
Pearce, Chas. A., Marion, Ohio. 

StaufEer, C. R., Norwood Station, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Stubbs, John F., 5815 Drexel Ave., Chicago. 

40 ■ ' 

SwansoD, Herbert, 5832 Blackstone Ave., Chicago. 
Swift, Charles H., Carthage, Mo. 


Deming, Fred K., 437 Heela St., Laurium, Mich. 
Moses, Jasper T., Pueblo, Colo. 
Wood, V. T., Canton, Mo. 
Warren, Benjamin T.. Pleasantville, Iowa. 


Gordon, Wilfred E., 5829 Maryland Ave., Chicago. 

Reavis, T. F., Cramer 2654, Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 
South America. 

Co-operating Members. 

Black, Louis M., Book Dealer, 4128 N. 
Springfield ave., Chicago. 

Carter, S. J., Librarian, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Collins, C. U., Physician, 427 Jefferson Bldg., Peoria, 111. 

Cowherd, Fletcher, Real Estate, 9th and Grand, Kansas City, Mo. 

Dickinson, Richard J., Canner, Eureka, 111. 

Duncan, Dr. W. E., Physician, 111 W. Monroe St., Chicago. 

Haile, E. M., Real Estate, Kingman, Kan. 

Hawkins, O. A., Real Estate, Richmond Trust and Savings 
Bank, Richmond, Va. 

Henry, Judge Frederick A., 1324 Citizens Bldg., Cleveland, O- 

Hill, J. C, Real Estate, 311 Bryant Bldg.. Kansas City. Mo. 

Hutchinson, Edward B., Physician. 1351 E. 56th St., Chicago. 

Kennedy, J. J., Physician, Frankford, Mo. 

Leach, Percy, Farmer, R. R. No. 2, Box 62, Hopkins, Minn. 

Lind, Frederick A., Lawyer, 4542 N. Keating Ave., Chicago. 

Lucas, Wardin, Teacher. 25 Jefferson Ave., Brooklyn, N. T. 

McCormack, Harry, 5545 University Ave., Chicago. 

Minor, William E., Surgeon, 10th and Oak, Kansas City, Mo. 

Morrison, Hugh T., Physician, Springfield, 111. 

Nourse, Rupert A., Manufacturer, 542 Frederick Ave., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Ragan, George A., El Centro, Cal. 

Throckmorton, C. W., Lawyer, Traveler's Bldg., Richmond, 

Wakeley. Chas. R., Real Estate, 6029 Woodlawn Ave.. Chi- 

Webb, A. G., Business Man, 1874 E. 82nd St., Cleveland, O. 

Campbell SInstttute Bulletin 


"Reaction," eh? Well, what's your formula 

For one pai'ticular kind — I won't insist 

On proof of every theorem in the list 

But only one — what chemicals combine, 

What CO two and HSO four 

To cause such things as happened yesterday. 

To send a gallant gentleman 

Into antartic night, to perish there 

Alone, not driven nor shamed nor cheered to die, 

But fighting, as mankind has always fought, 

His baser self, and conquering, as mankind 

Down the long years has always conquered self? 

What are your tests to prove a man's a man? 

Which (of your compounds ever lightly threw 

Its life away, as men have always done, 

Spurred not by lust nor greed nor hope of fame 

But casting all aside on the bare chance 

That it might somehow serve the Greater Good? 

There's a reaction — What's its formula? 

Produce that in your test-tube if you can! 

From King's Fundamental Questions. 


Editorial Notes 

The article by Mr. Ritchey this month will be a distinct 
challenge to our preachers. Most of us have long since ceased 
to preach the Old Testament miracles and have adopted the 
modern attitude toward these scriptures. The attitude of 
many toward the New Testament has been a compromise just 
such as Mr. Ritchey describes. The application of a strictly 
scientific and historical method in the New Testament will be 
disturbing but also very emancipating. We shall hope that Mr. 
Ritchey before he finishes will give us some quite definite and 
constructive suggestions about the preacher's use of the New 

Our ministers are being greatly unsettled by the war con- 
ditions as our news notes reveal from time to time. Some of 
our men will need to be cautioned about running away to big- 
ger problems than they leave behind. It is a wonderful thing 
for a man to find a situation where he can stay a long time 
with contentment and with a maximum of efficiency. Men who 
have found such situations should not be daunted by the war 

The war has produced few situations more shocking than 
the sacrifices that are being forced upon teachers in some of I 
the denominational colleges. It is a distinct shock and disap- 
pointinent to learn that Drake University has cut the salaries 
of her instructors one-third all the way through. The accum- 
ulated deficit is probably about the largest ever incurred by a 
Disciple school. Relief will have to come or all the really 
capable men in such an institution will go and there will be 
nothing left but deserted halls with few students and some 
second-rate instructors who are worth no more than the school 
can offer. Even the "Men and Millions" money will not solve 
the problem of some of our schools. 

The war reveals more clearly than ever before the inade- 
quacy of the old dogmatic preaching. It is only the fresh, 
modern message that is definitely related to human life that 
has any chance these days. 


Community Leaders and Religion 


The ministers of Chicago were assembled at the Advertis- 
ing Club of Chicago not many months ago listening to an ad- 
dress by the president of that great organization. He told 
the ministers that they were missing many worth while men 
in his community. He had lived in a good neighborhood on the 
north side for fourteen years and in all of that time no minis- 
ter had ever invited him to a church or shown concern for his 
spiritual welfare. That a man who is in every way so desirable 
from a church point of view is missed by all the preachers in- 
dicates that the church of today is not organized to do its 
work in the most effective way. 

The evangelical churches have in most instances arisen as 
democratic movements in religion. The great evangelistic in- 
terest of the last generation was directed toward reaching the 
people at the bottom of the social ladder. Millions were gath- 
ered into the churches, though after a century of this process 
we are still complaining of the gulf between the churches and 
the masses. 

Churches that are built especially for the use of the 
humbler of the people of the community and put into control 
of these people are often abandoned by the very people that 
they were designed to help. These people do not want a class 
church. They enjoy better to be united in spirit with the 
whole community in a church broad enough and catholic 
enough to include men of all stages of development. 

Meanwhile the evangelical churches complain that they are 
leaking at the top. What has happened to the Disciples in 
Chicago is no isolated phenomenon. The men that were great in 
our churches twenty-five years ago have left the ranks of the 
evangelicals in considerable degree and have found fellowship 
v/ith Episcopalians, Christian Scientists or more frequently 
have ceased to be interested in any kind of organized religion. 
This leaking at the top is the most expensive drain that the 
church has, for these people have the brains, the resources and 
the leadei-ship to make them powerful exponents of any cause 
in v/hich they are truly interested. 

The evangelical churches face about the same kind of 


change of method and point of view as that which the mission- 
aries on the foreign field have faced. China affords a con- 
venient example. For along time the missionaries worked 
there among the lowest classes of the country on the theory 
that it was only among these that the gospel might find a 
foothold. The result was that China was regarded as a stone 
wall. A single convert was sometimes the sole result of a 
whole life-time of faithful work on the part of the missionary. 
There was a sharp antithesis in the preaching between the 
true and the false religion. Often enough the propagation of 
Christianity was really a process of grafting the entire Vv^est- 
ern civilization upon orientals who did not i:ieed many features 
of our western life. 

During our generation a different method has been em- 
ployed in many of the oriental countries. Some years ago, we 
sent Dr. Charles Cuthbert Hall to India. His task there was 
not to array Christianity against the native faith and ideals 
but to find in every legitimate way points of contact with the 
best people of that country. 

The Brahmans of India at their best are students of relig- 
ion and philosophy of great insight and scholarship. Though 
these holy men are scantily clad and live in a way unattrac- 
tive to the western m?,n, thej'' are nevertheless held in high re- 
gard by their countrymen. Yv'^e have learned in India that we 
may interrrf^t, the idof^^s of J-.-sus Christ to the Brahman class 
as well as to the sweeper caste when men are sent to India who 
know how to appreciate the spiritual possessions of India and 
then to bring in the better light of our Lord. 

In China great crowds of students have waited upon the 
preaching of Eddy and Mott, Y. M. C. A. leaders who know 
how to approach the men who have studied the Confucian 
classics. Such great missionary leaders have followed the 
method of appreciating the Confucian classics. Jesus Christ is 
not represented as an enemy of Confucius but only as a teach- 
er who worked at the same general problem of life and has 
an additional contribution to make. 

This missionary method has analogies for us of the deepest 
significance. Our community leaders are often outside every 
church, or if they have a tendency to enter certain historic 


churches which have more experience in dealing with them. 
Following the analogy of the missionary method which we have 
sketched, we have first the task of discovering what spiritual 
ideals are already to be found among our community leaders 
and in the second place to see just what we need to give them. 

It is interesting to note that not all of the great enthus- 
isms of the community have a home within the church. Every 
one of the great professions has a conscience on some matter 
which is held all too lightly by the church. The physicians 
are interested in the conservation of human life. 

Among church people this interest has not been very 
marked. Indeed in certain convents and monasteries even to 
this day there is surviving the medieval conception that the 
task of the Christian is to find a home in heaven as soon as 
possible. Hygiene and sanitation would be worldly and un- 
profitable subjects to such minds as these. The Christian 
Scientists have gotten interested in health but have no ap- 
preciation of the work of the physicians. This has left one of 
the most idealistic of the professions to one side. They have 
marvelled at the coldness of the church in the presence of 
their great passion for saving and strengthening human life. 

The movement recently launched by the Federal Council 
of the Churches looking in the direction of the conservation 
of human life will be of the utm<ost value to the church in 
cultivating a more cordial attitude on the part of physicians 
tov/ard religion. The physicians lack just what the church 
and the public school may provide, machinery for making pub- 
lic the results of modern medical science. 

At the present time the average illness of every man in 
this country is nine days a year. The medical cost Of waiting 
on these men is a half billion dollars. The loss of wages runs 
to an enormous total. The preventable deaths make a shock- 
ing group of statistics. The Federal Council proposes to make 
all the churches of America agencies through which the peo- 
ple shall find the saving knowledge of modern science of the 

The teachers, too, have often been offended and driven 
from the church. The ungrammatical preacher grates upon 
their finer sensibilities but his grammar is a small matter by 

46 H,,r-' 

the side of his declared suspicion of the products of the schools. 
It is the fashion with a certain type of preacher to sneer at 
educated people as being pedantic and to glory in slight train- 
ing. In such communities the teachers will be found outside 
the organized churches. 

I found in Missouri one of the most thoroughly spiritual 
teachers of pedagagy. He was an elder in the Disciple church. 
He had never allowed his two girls to go to Sunday school in 
his town because he said he wanted these girls to be religious 
when they grew up! That this man was able to remain with- 
in the church while entertaining such an opinion of the educa- 
tional work of the local church is little less than marvelous. 

Not only the teachers of a community, but the students as 
well, are idealists. Life is more than bread and butter to the 
young men and women in higher institutions of learning. A 
certain school of mines in Missouri is located in a town where 
the ministers still reg'ard their chief task to be that of de- 
nouncing somebody. The students were represented as being 
as a class of drunken and dissolute because of the sins of some 
few of them. The result was that these young engineers never 
failed to leave the town with a definite sense of antagonism 
to organized religion. 

The business men of a community regard honesty as the 
fundamental virtue. The lawyers look upon respect for the law 
as the cornerstone of society. The newspaper men feel free 
speech is the one guarantee of civilization. These and many 
ether kinds of communitjA leaders wonder that they find in 
the churches so little enthusiasm for their own peculiar con- 
tribution to the ideal life of the community. 

Community leaders engage in the various forms of social 
uplift. We have narrowly escaped in America a complete 
break between the social idealists and the church. In Germany 
before the war we might find millions of people who never 
darkened the door of a church who yet had great enthusiasm 
and self-sacrifi-ce in behalf of a better humanity. 

It is easy to find in our community cultural movements of 
various kinds. Each large city has its circle which appreci- 
ates the best in literature, and art and music. The evangeli- 
cal church with its stiff Puritan formalism has ^ only begun to 


perceive the religious values to be found in art. We have in- 
troduced the best music in our leading churches, but we still 
fail to utilize to any considerable degree many other forms of 
art. Our notion of the way to reverance the Bible keeps iis 
from reading in our churches very much of the devotional lit- 
erature which has been inspired by the Bible. It is because 
the cultured people of the community often feel that they 
have found a manner of life more religious and more satisfy- 
ing outside our fellowship than within it that they cease to 
find satisfaction in the church. The holding of community 
leaders for religion involves our sharing their loyalties as well 
as asking them to share ours. 

Chamber of New Testament 


What is the effect of critical study on the preacher's use 
of the New Testament? Is he handicapped or helped? Cer- 
tain it is that a problem is raised for him ,but an answer to 
the foregoing questions cannot be given in a sentence. 

There are three typical ways in which the preacher may 
use the Nevv^ Testament. (1) He may accept the traditional 
view and interpret the New Testament as a thesaurus of un- 
questioned beliefs. The problem then consists in conforming 
modern minds to the ideas of the record. There is only one 
premise (the infallibility of the record) to be defended. (2) 
The most common method is to employ a selective process 
which sets aside certain parts of the New Testament as not 
truly representing Jesus or Paul or some other character. 
The passages do not seem to 'reflect the spirit of the one to 
whom they are credited,, hence they are labelled as later ad- 
ditions and not of equal value in comparison with the re- 
tained passages, the genuine statements of an authoritative 
person. This is the theory of a Bible which is not level. In- 
stead of one great premise to be defended, it has one for 
every point under consideration, — and every one subjective. 
In lother words the idea of authority is retained, but Jesus and 
Paul and others are conformed to modern standards of thought 
and conduct. (3) Most difficult of attainment, but also most 


logical of all, is that view of the New Testament and its 
pragmatic value Vv^hich puts aside the criteria of infallibility 
and authority, and interprets it as a record of a part of the 
world's religious life, from which no part may be expunged, 
either literally or practically. We may remind ourselves of 
Prof. Lakes' affirmation in regard to texts that "there are no 
spurious readings." So, there are no passages which do not 
reflect some religious reaction, — they may or may not belong 
to Jesus, or to any other known character. To illustrate, the 
apocalyptic thought of the gospels may not go back to Jesus, 
but at any rate, it was expressed by some Christian as a 
part of his -deepest religious conviction. And most important 
of all, the putting aside of aijlocalypticism from Jesus does 
not make his figure one bit more significant for our own time. 
If, on the other hand, we consider that Jesus was an apocalypt- 
ist, (which is more than likely), he may thereby gain in sig- 
nificance as he is related to his religious environment. His 
life of fidelity to his own people has much more religious 
value to us than any possible conformity to our ideas as to 
what is to become of this world. 

This last method of interpretation is a tenable one, and 
relieves the preacher of the necessity of defending himself 
on two sides at once, as he must do if he adheres to the second, 
the selective process. For there he uses just enough of the 
critical method to provoke an attack from the defenders of 
Biblical infallibility, and little enough to separate himself 
from the promoters of thorough-going critical study. He finds 
himself in a theological no-man's-land, and shelled from both 
sides. He is safer and more effective when he is on one side 
or the other. 

For further elaboration of the subject, one should read 
Rev. Carl S. Patton's article in the American Journal of The- 
ology, vol. XXI, no. 2, April 1917, pp 161-174, on "The Preach- 
ableness of the New Testament;" also an article by the same 
writer in vol. XX, no. 1, January 1916, pp 102-110, on "Miracles 
and the Modern Preacher." 

Baxter Waters has moved from Atlanta, Ga., to begin his 
ministry in Lexington, Mo. 


Chamber of Pastoral Duties 

II. Simultaneous Evangelism. 

It was recently stated that even evangelists themselves 
confessed that modern revivalism was not as popular as form- 
erly. The reason for this is not hard to seek. The churches 
are finding "a more excellent way." Waste is intolerable to 
day. The age is too serious to tolerate an evangelism that is 
periodic, sectarian, and reactionary. Yet, as perhaps as never 
before,, the church is awake to the fact that evangelism is 
essential to her ov/n life and the welfare of the community. 

Locally we awakened to that fact last summer. The idea 
of employing a union evangelist and conducting a tabernacle 
campaign was soon discarded. We turned to Cleveland and 
Indianapolis and studied their successful method of evangel- 
ism — a method by which each city now adds to its churches 
over 10,000 members by confession of faith. Then our cam- 
paign shaped itself as follows: 

First, we took a religious census of the entire English 
speaking portions of the city in order to find our material. 
Then we had a "follow up Sunday" in which those who had ex- 
pressed church preference were visited by members of those 
churches. Then came a series of cottage prayer meetings. 
Then followed two weeks of continuous services in all the par- 
ticipating churches without the aid of professional evangelists. 
All this time, the advertising of every nature was "union." 
We secured the services of the Rev. Dr. McGarrah, church 
efficiency expert of Chicago, to direct our organization and 
suggest methods of work. 

Second, the entire campaign was under the direction of 
the Evangelistic Committee of the Federation of Gary 
Churches. Thus we secured unity of action and the co-oper- 
ation of the laymen. The Federation provided the funds to pay 
for Dr. McGarrah and advertising. 

The visible results were not startling, but we have made 
a beginning. The present campaign (with such features as a 
simultaneous ever-member canvass, go-to-church month, church 
efficiency institute) will culminate at Easter. We expect our 
work to develope from year to year. It is an impressive sight 


to see all the churches busy at the same big task, at the same 
time. It is not spectacular. It impresses lay-responsibility. 
There are no distressing reactions. It is far-visioned 

Chamber of Old Testament 


"The Eiolution of the Hebrew Pfople and Tbcii' Iiiflijeiice 
ou CiTilizatioii," by Professor Laura H. Wild, published by 
Charles Scribner's Sons, is one of the most recent additions 
in the field of the Old Testament literature. The book is 
really a brief history of the Hebrews from the very earliest 
times down to the Apostolic age, but is more interesting than 
most books written as history. Instead of beginning with the 
usual historical or physical background of Hebrew life, the 
author devotes the first six chapters to a discussion of the 
cultural background. In these chapters there are some in- 
teresting paragraphs regarding the first man and the different 
stages of man's development. Professor Wild seems to accept 
the theory that the island of Java was the home of the first 
man and "the cradle of the human race" and bases her theory 
on the fact that in 1892 there was discovered in this island 
the skull and portions of the first man to stand erect. This 
man, says the author, probably lived several hundred years 

The second part of the book deals with the development 
of religious ideas and contains some interesting chapters on 
such subjects as Primitive Animism, Fetichism and Ancestor- 
wlorship. Magic and Witchcraft, and the philosophic basis of 
early theology. Part IV contains a discussion on Israel's econ- 
omic and social development. In Part V the author devotes 
two chapters to the subject of the place in world thought of 
the great Hebrew prophetic teachers, beginnng with Moses 
and concluding with Jesus and Paul. 

In this book, Professor Wild has made a valuable con- 
tribution to those interested in the historical development of 
the Hebrew people. The book is attractively written and its 
arrangement is admirably adapted for use as a text book. An 
up-to-date and well chosen list of books of reference, covering 


ractically every chapter and and placed at the end of the 
ook, will greatly assist the reader should he desire to delve 
eeper into this field of study. 


Chamber of Literature 

Tendencies in Motlern American Poetry," Amy Lowell, 1917, 
HJacmillan, $2.50. 

That there is at present a revival of interest in verse, is 
vident. Whether, however, this verse is trending into definite 
lovements is not so certain. Miss Lowell thinks it is, and 
icks out three definite tendencies, each of which she illus- 
rates by two iof our contemporary American writers of verse, 
he selects E. A. Robinson and Robert Frost as representatives 
f realism, direct speech and the non-.Yniiitant spirit; Mr. Mas- 
ers and Mr. Sandburg as exponents of realism, direct speech, 
nd the spirit of reform; and "H. D." and John Gould Fletcher 
s exemplifiers of Imagism, the most advanced stage so far 
n the movement to envisage Truth and Beauty, as Miss Lowell 

The biographical sketches of these authors are simple and 
lluminating, although R'liss Lov/ell's emphasis on "atavism" is 
ather heax'y. The analyses of individual poems are keen and 
ympathetic, and there really is much in the work of these 
)oets that is beautiful and worth v/hile. But when it cornes 
o critical philosophy Miss Lowell seems lost. She persuades 
lerself that several separate phenomena mean "movement," 
md that movement means progress. Symbolism, intensity, 
;cience (really pseudo-science), and revolt are characteristic 
vords in these essays, and help to indicate that the "move- 
nent" is but a part of the drift of Romanticism. 

It is difficult to see wherein Mr. Lindsay, who, with his 
ioyous optimism and fanciful imagination, catches the spirit 
)f so much of our American life, is njot a popularizer of the 
second phase of this "movement;" yet, he is omitted as such. 
[t is true that he and Mr. Sandburg do have some things in 


Some general remarks. Among the Imagists "freedom of 
idea" becomes too often freedom from idea, and playing with 
words. The insistence that art is desire for self-expression 
gives too much prominence to the famous Cheshire cat. It is 
questionable judgment to call Mr. Masters a Dostoevski in 
vers libre. In the discussion of realism, no distinction is made 
between realism as philosophy, and as a method. 

These are only a few points. Perhaps they serve to illus- 
trate the definition that "a professor is a person who is al- 
ways of a contrary opinion." However, one of the most in- 
teresting features of the book is the number of statements 
with which one may disagree. But as "H. D." says, "I have 
had enough, I gasp or breath." 

Chamber of Classical LaEgiiages 


"The Towns of Roman Britain^" by J. 0. Bevan, London, 
Chapman and Hall, 1917. 

Every student of second year Latin knows that England 
was invaded by Julius Caesar in 55 and 54 B. C. Permanent 
occupation, however, did not take place until 43 A. D. At the 
Solway Firth a turf wall (yallum) and a stone wall (mums) 
were extended clear across the isthmus for a distance of sev- 
enty-three miles. The relation between these structures has 
not been clearly made out, and they have been variously as- 
sociated with the names of Agricola (governior about 78-85 A. 
D.), Hadrian (Emperor, 117-138 A. D.), and others. Obviously 
they were intended to hold back the Scotts and Picts and 
probably to overawe the supposedly subjugated inhabitants to 
the south as well. About 140-143 A. D., during the reign of 
Antoninus Pius another Talhim, thirty-six miles in length, was 
built fnom the Firth of Clyde to the Firth of Forth, but seems 
to have been abandoned about forty years later. In 410 A. D. 
the Roman troops were withdrawen from the island. 

It is surprising how slight the tangible influence of the 
Roman occupation of nearly three centuries apparently is. 
Linguistically it extends little farther than the survival ot> 
castra ("camp") in the — Chester ( — xeter) of English (Welsh) 


names of towns. The walls just mentioned can still be traced 
and at spots are in a fair state of preservation. At numerous 
other points foundations of town walls and buildings with al- 
tars votive inscriptions, weapons, implements, coins, pottery, 
ornaments, etc., have been unearthed. In recent years great 
interest has been aroused in this field, local societies have 
been organized, excavations conducted, and large volumes pub- 
lished. Out of many I may mention Ward's "Roman Era iu 
Britain" and "Roinano-British Euilrtings and Eartlnvorks," 
Macdonald's "Roman Wall in St'otland," Curie's "A Roman 
Frontier Post and Its People/' (all appearing in 1911), Bruce's 
"Handbook to the Roman Wall," (6th edition in 1909), and a 
large catalogue of the "Roman Antiquities at Chesters," (sec- 
ond edition in 1907). The work mentioned at the head of this 
column is neither large nor pretentious. But it is the latest 
book on the subject and offers a succinct account of the sites 
where Roman remains have been discovered and of just what 
was brought to light at each place. It affords a convenient 
orientation of a field which has attracted little attention in 
this country. 

How ^Trogress*' is Going 

The most disappointning feature in the sale of "Pr^ogress" 
is that nearly half our membership has not yet secured a copy. 
Some of these men we knovv" buy books and read them and we 
hope that a natural curiosity, a loyalty to the organization, 
or the commendation given the book by their brethren will 
lead them to explore its meaty contents. 

Seven of the fourteen Guarantors have taken books in full 
of their accounts. A pastor is selling his. A teacher has 
donated his stock of boloks to his church to be sold. Several 
Guarantors have given the commitee authority to present 
their books to college libraries. One man will use his for 
Christmas presents among his more intelligent friends. 

We hope the members who believe in circulating modern 
literature will sell copies among their friends. A half dozen 
copies of this book in an ordinary church would prove to be 
a valuable leaven. 


The summer meeting instructed the editorial committee 
to publish the chapter of "Progress" dealing with tiie history 
of the Disciples, in tract form. Several of the members pres- 
ent gave orders for a hundred copies or more. 

It has been definitely ascertained that the tract can be 
circulated for two dollars jDer hundred. In case we have or- 
ders for a thousand the tract will be printed at once. Send 
your order right away if you believe that we should go for- 
ward with this enterprise. 


James Ernest Wolfe has resigned the pastorate of the 
Monroe street Church of Chicago. On December 9th he will 
begin his new work as pastor of the First Christian Church of 
Independence, Mo. Some of his Chicago friends will regret 
his inability to accept another important position which was 
offered him in that city. Beginning with January issue, Mr. 
Wolfe will conduct the Chamber of Philosophy. He has spec- 
ialized in this field at the University 'of Chicago, and has 
completed his work for the Doctor of Philosophy degree with 
the exception of the writing of his thesis. 

George B. Stewart has changed his address from New 
York City to 167 Salem Ave., Dayton, Ohio. In sending this 
information he conveys his especial greetings to all "High 
Brows and Broad Brows." All such please take notice. 

Another minister who has changed his address is Edwin 
C. Boynton. He has left Austin and is now at Plainview, Tex. 

Robert C. Lemon, one of our recent Associate members, 
is spending the year at the Yale School of Religion. He is 
acting student pastor of the Grand Avenue Baptist Church of 
New Haven. He writes that the war has greatly reduced the 
student body of the School of Religion, there being only 78 
men enrolled this year ,as against 127 last year. 

Among our members engaged in the Y. M. C. A. War 
work are Assistant Professor John Clark Archer of Yale, v/ho 
is working with the troops in Mesopotamia, and Dr. Hugh T. 
Morrison of Springfield, 111., who is giving health talks in the 


army cantonments. 

Dr. Charles M. Sharpe has been visiting various cities in 
the South, especially in Texas, in the interests of the Dis- 
ciples' Divinity House of the University of Chicago. 

Dr. H. D. C. Maclachlan of Richmond has charge of the 
Richm.ond Branch of the War Department's commission on 
Training Camp Activities 

Vachel Lindsay, the poet, — and one of our Honorary mem- 
bers — has recently published a new book of poems: "The Chi- 
nese Nightingale, and Other Poems." The title poem is the 
one that received the Levinson prize in 1915. The collection 
contains a number of war poems and also a section on poem 
games. Mr. Lindsay's picture recently appeared in "The Chi- 
cago Evening Post" together with a lengthy reviev^^ of his lat- 
est publication. 

Carl Burkhardt boasts of a new member in his household, 
a girl, born in October. 

During the Presidency of H. O. Pritchard of Eureka Col- 
lege, covering a period of four years, thee has been an in- 
cease in the students of Collegiate rank of 90 percent, with 
a total increase in all departments of 52 percent. President 
Pritchard feels that the time is near at hand when it v/ill 
be possible to drop the v/ork of the Preparatory Department — 
cetainly a desirable step. 

The promptness with which some of our members respond 
to bills for dues is most commendable; recent examples of 
this are Messrs. Garn, Ames, Guy, Cartwright, Cowherd, Clark, 
Armstrong and Dean. "Go thou and do likewise." 

The presidency of the International Convention of the 
Disciples of Christ for the coming year has been given to a 
Campbell Institute man, Edgar DeVv'^itt Jones of Bloomington, 
111. It is an honor that is much deserved, and therefore a 
source of real satisfaction to his fellow-members. He re- 
cently declined an invitation to become pastor of the First 
Church of Los Angeles. 

W. E. Gordon, one of our missionaries to India, now at home 
ou furlough, has recently been supplying the church at Batavia, 
111. A half dozen Campbell Institute men have been his prede- 
cessors in that pulpit, and at least they will appreciate that nine 


accessions to the membership during the two months of his serv- 
ice there is cause for congratulations. 

Howard E. Jensen has accepted the pastorate of the Park 
and Prospect Disciples Cliurch of Milwaukee. At present he is 
living in Chicago, completing his residence work for his Director- 
ate, but he and Mrs. Jensen will remove to Milwaukee January 
1st. During a considerable part of the past year this church has 
been supplied by Dr. Sharpe of the Disciples' Divinity House. 
Among its officers are to be found two of our co-operating mem- 
bers, Rupert A. Nourse and S. J. Carter, both alumni of Drake. 

Campbell gngtttute Bulletin 


"Then along that river, a thousand miles 

The vine-snared trees fell down in files. 

Pioneer angels cleared the waj' 

For a Congo paradise, for babes at play, 

For sacred capital, for temples clean, 

Gone were the skull-faced witch-men lean. 

There, where the wild ghost-gods had wailed 

A million boats of the angels sailed 

With oars of silver, and prows of blue 

And silken pennants that the sun shone through. 

'Twas a land transfigured, 'twas a new creation. 

Oh, a singing wind swept the negro nation 

And on through the backwoods clearing flew: — 

'Mumbo-Jumbo is dead in the jungle. 

Never again will he hoo-doo you. 

Never again will he hoo-doo you.' " 

From The Congo, by Vachel Lidsay. 


"God lias never been able to use an intellectual man. It is 
tlie man of the heart and not the man of the head that He 
chooses to lead his people," declared a revivalist the other day. 
This statement in a cultivated community must have set many 
people thinking. Some would have to say their farevs^ells to God 
if this were true, for a man cannot change his nature, and even 
the revivalist confessed his despair of the intellectual man, class- 
ing him wath the scribes and Pharisees of old. 

But does this terrible antithesis really hold? Do intellectual 
men really lack in heart qualities, and is it true that the great 
Christian leaders have been of the non-intellectual sort? We 
might tell stories endlessly of the pity of great scientists. The 
bluff old physician of a town in the middle west was seen to get 
out of his carriage and pick up a broken and wounded bird on 
his way home. Every physician worthy the name is an example 
of that wonderful combination of intellectual power and heart 

In the early church Peter had the advantage of the closer 
walk with the earthly Jesus. Yet, he was outstripped in his 
leadership by Paul, the university man. The fisherman had a 
heart, but he had not the sense of logical consistency which kept 
him from temporizing in Antioch with the old spirit of racial 
exclusiveness. It was Paul, the university man, who created a 
theology for the infant church and who has captured the imagi- 
nation of great souls from Augustine's day on down to Royce 
of Harvard. 

There is no greater figure in early Christian history than 
that of Augustine. No man can read his confessions and deny 
the heart quality of his religion. Yet, in his fertile brain were 
the seeds, both of Catholicism and protestantism. He ruled the 
mind of the church for hundreds of years. 

Sometimes Luther is contrasted unfavorably with Erasmus. 
Luther is set forth as the type of uneducated enthusiast and Eras- 
mus as the dilettante man of scholarshiji. It must not be for- 
gotten, however, that Luther was scholar enough to give the 
woi'ld the greatest translation of the Bible which has ever ap- 
peared in any language, and he was scholar enough to produce 
this German Bible from the original languages directly. 

John Calvin was a university man. How shall we forget 


the great reli.fious movements of England's history have come 
forth from Oxford. John Wesl9y and his praying companions 
were Oxford men before they became men of the people. John 
Newman, father of the new spiritual movement in the Episcopal 
church, was an Oxford man and most of his constructive work 
was done in the university atmosphere. The Campbells were men 
whose big ideas were born in the university environment. 

A scholar may indeed be cold, and anti-social in his attitudes. 
There are thousands of university men in the world who have all sense of their social function. There are also cold busi- 
ness men and cold mechanics. Selfishness and individualism may 
curse a life lived in any sphere. But we may not hope for 
spiritual leadership from men who have only the red glow of 
fervor and none of the white light of intellectuality. True learn- 
inc: lier'omes in the hands of a man who loves his human kind a 
tool for working out some new element in human progress. 

Chamber of Missions 

The Missionary Motive. 

The missionary is a source of curiosity, not to say wonder, 
to a large number of people both in America and on the mission 
field. Somehow it seems difficult for common plain people to 
understand him. Of course the missionary motive of the earlier 
representatives of the modern missionary movement was fairly 
simple, at least in statement. They went out under the divine 
urgency to save lost souls in obedience to the command of the 
Scriptures. Yet, even in their cases the matter was not so simple. 
There was in their hearts that same spirit that has led certain 
representatives of all races to venture out into strange places in 
the name of a great cause. 

It seems to me particularly important that educated leaders 
of the church should have clearly in mind just what is the motive 
that continues to drive men and women to expatriate themselves 
under conditions which are at best far worse than those they 
would have lived under at home. I believe that the missionary 
propaganda of the past has been built up to a large degree on 
falsehoods and exaggerations. Dramatic incidents have been 
pictured as typical and commonplace events have been inter- 


preted as miraculous. There has been a conspicuous absence of 
sober, analytic, scientific study of facts. Even mission study 
books have erred greatly in this direction. 

All this I conceive to be of the greatest importance to the 
church of Christ. I believe implicitly that truth will ultimately 
prevail, and the attempt to maintain missionary interest on in- 
flated values is fore-doomed to failure. Therefore, the sooner we 
place squarely before ourselves the situation as it is, the better 
off we and the church will be. 

Missions need no economic justification to intelligent people. 
From the point of view of international trade it is very easy to 
prove that the government which wished to build up trade and 
establish real points of contact with these people could have well 
aft'orded to support all existing missionary enterprises of its 
citizens from taxation. Missionaries have always been great 
civilizers, and it is inevitable that in so far as possible they 
should bring in that type of civilization represented by their own 
countries, that they should create a demand for the goods pro- 
duced in their own countries, that they should hold up as models 
the institutions of their own countries, and that in every way 
they should predispose the people among whom they work in 
favor of their own country. While it is true that the missionary 
is not primarily interested in commerce, one of the considerations 
which makes missionary work worth while is that it is perhaps 
the greatest force in the world working toward mutual good feel- 
ing between the orient and the Occident and thus toward that 
wider brotherhood which we call internationalism. 

But what keeps us at our task? It is not that the people 
among whom we work are essentially different from the people 
among whom we might work in America. The longer I work 
with our students here, the more I believe that their ability is 
practically on a par with that of American students. There are 
many superficial and deep-lying differences, but these are the 
result of education and custom, not of racial inferiority or sup- 
eriority. Other things being equal, the man who loves to teach 
will find a work here as satisfying as work at home, except in 
the case of highly developed specialists. In a word, the joys 
and satisfactions in the daily routine of life are essentially what 
they are at home. This statement is essentially true of all classes 
of workers. 

But are there not hardships? Yes. there are a few, the chief 
being the absence of many of the stimulations common in Amer- 
ican life and the necessity of separation from children during the 
period of their advanced education. This latter is hardest of 
all. What is there to comrensate for all this? There is an 
unparalleled opportunity for service. One has the feeling that 
he is a creator. There is the same appeal that is drawing men 
into the trenches in France today. There is allegiance to a 
country which has no territorial boundaries- — the Kingdom of 
Heaven. I mean by this a very concrete thing, the sort of thing 
v/liich Jesus meant during his ministry. It is essentially a faith 
in the redeemability of mankind and in the value of service — 
aiul the need for it here is incalculably greater than at home. 
One feels that he is at the heart of things and amid forces that 
are moulding a new nation which shall be part of a new heaven 
and a new earth. 

But the thing which I would have you all realize is that less 
and less are missionaries measuring their success by the number 
of their adherents or the number of baptisms. We are not like 
Paul, going to our fellow countrymen who already have their 
syangogues and whose economic and cultural standards are essen- 
tially the same as ours. We are leaven, and our most productive 
work cannot be measured or stated. More and more we are con- 
centi-ating our work with the idea of bringing to bear some influ- 
ence commensurate with the mass which is to be moved. As' 
the conception of the church at home has gradually shifted, so 
the conception of the missionary has changed. Consciously or 
unconsciously, every missionary is a mediator of ideals and a 
civilization. The things that count are not wonderful stories 
of conversions, but the years of teaching and personal contact 
with students and members of the community. In a word, the 
social, conception of the mis.sionary task is becoming increasingly 
dominant, and the ideal of service in a needy field is the ideal 
which keeps the missionary at his task. 

Guy W. Sarvis 

Guy Sarvis expects to be home on furlough next year. He 
has expressed the desire to go to France in the Y. M. C. A. 
service, but whether or not he will be able to do so is as yet 


Chamber of Old Testament 


The ninth volume of Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 
which recently came from the press of Charles Scribner's Sons, 
contains at least a dozen articles of special interest to students 
of Semitics and of the Old Testament. It will be impossible 
for me to do more than call attention to some of the salient 
points of two or three of them. 

Nature (Semitic) by A. S. Carrier: When various race- 
stocks mingled in Babylonia and Asia Minor "they whispered 
their fears and their speculations to one another and left a 
heritage of myth and story out of which later generations 
framed religions, heresies, and philosophies." Carrier thinks 
that prominence of Ishtar, the mother goddess, throughout 
the Semitic world is an inheritance from a matriarchal state of 
society. In the mysterious workings of nature the Semite saw 
God in action. He spiritualized where the Greek materialized. 
While nature is never deified in the Old Testament, its value 
for impressing religious ideas is seen on nearly every page. 
Many beautiful figures in poetic language expressing the at- 
tributes and works of God have their origin in nature-myths. 
The primitive Semite possessed in unusual degree ability to 
appreciate the beauties of nature. "Whatever he touched he 
enriched, and he left to posteritj^ such new glories that the 
outside world has become his debtor forever." 

Philistines. — R. A. S. Macalister: The author favors the 
identification of Caphtor, the original home of the Philistines 
according to the Old Testament, with Crete. He finds evidence 
in tombs and temples of ancient Egypt for his position that 
Crete, or some near-by country enjoying the benefits of the 
Minoan civilization, was their home. We are referred also to 
the fact that members of the Philistine body-guard of the 
Hebrew king were called Cretans and Carians, "Cherethites" 
and "Carites" in our translation. Macalister admits that his 
theory Is not without its diiRculties. In discussing their poli- 
tical organization he suggests a connection with the Etruscans. 
For him the Philistines and their kindred tribes have special 
interest because in history they bridge the gap between the 
civilization of the Bronze Age and that of the Iron Age. 

Phoenicians. — Lewis B. Paton: This article of ten pages 


gives us a vast amount of information condensed within small 
compass. Among other things the Pantheon of eighty-three 
gods, Places of Worship, Temple Ministrants, and Offerings to 
the Gods receive due attention. Many proper names of per- 
sons in Phoenician, Carthaginian, and Hebrew history are ex- 
plained. At the end is an up-to-date bibliography. 

Chamber of Sociology 

Sociology and Reform. 

I feel moved to say at this time that sociology is not an art. 
It is, or aims to be, a science. Sociology, as I understand it at 
any rate, has no more to do with human welfare than mathe- 
matics has to do with engineering or physiological chemistry has 
to do with the practice of medicine. It follows that the socio- 
logist, so far as he is a mere sociologist, is neither a reformer, a 
politician, nor a preacher. 

Of course mathematics does have a great deal to do with en- 
gineering. A knowledge of mathematics is a great convenience to 
an engineer. In fact it is hard to see how he would get on 
without it. Perhaps physiological chemistry is not quite as nec- 
essary to the physician. Nevertheless much of the technique of 
the medical practioner is unquestionably based on physiological 
chemistry. More of it will be as time goes on. 

This does not mean that the sociologist is not interested in 
practical problems. It merely means that, with the application 
of scientific methods to the problems of political and social life, 
new problems are constantly arising which the practical man has 
neither the time nor the interest to investigate. It is at this 
point that the division of labor between the man engaged in 
research and the man engaged in applying the fruits of research 
arises. Only on the basis of such extended research as socio- 
logists are just now beginning to undertake can the technique of 
the practical social worker make rapid and systematic progress. 

This may strike some one as true but unimportant. In fact 
I almost sorry I mentioned it. Still, as I propose to write for 
this column form time to time during the coming year, it seemed 
well to start out by defining a point of view. Personally I am 
more interested in finding out what is. than what ought to be. I 


am more interested in religion than I am in ttie church. I know 
that this may seem rather an unchristian attitude to assume. I 
might perhaps defend it by saying it is the scientific attitude. 
Back of this there is in my mind the notion that reformers, prac- 
tical sociologists, just because they are so earnest about making 
the world better, are often a little too quick on the trigger. 
They are so secure about their motives that they do not hesitate 
about the facts. Some one must be content to find out what the 
facts are, so that the reformers can improve their technique. 

Chamber of Pastoral Duties 

The Note to Sound. 

The writer, though an avowed pacifist, believes firmly that 
the United States followed the path of right in entering this 
war. Once it became clear that this was a struggle between auto- 
cracy, represented by the brutal Prussian militarists, and demo- 
cracy, represented by the allies, practically all opposition to our 
participation in the war vanished. But that very fact creates 
a serious problem which preachers must face. How shall patriot- 
ism be Christianized? What note shall the pulpit sound? 

First, it must be the note of internationalism. In time of 
war it is easy for patriotism to become synonymous with narrow 
nationalism. We must endevour to conserve all that was so 
laboriously built up at the Hague and through international 
gatherings of various kinds. We love our nation no less by 
loving the world more. We serve our nation no less by serving 
the world more. To make the world safe for democracy democracy 
must not be imposed upon the world. It must be built up in the 
hearts of men by the warmth and glow of enlightened effort. 
For this reason the various missionary enterprises of the church 
must be emphasized as never before. 

Second, it must be a note of warning against hatred. It is 
easy to stir an American audience with lurid pictures of Ger- 
many's atrocities in Belgium or of Turkish butchery in Armenia. 
There can be no question of German's guilt. But the fact of 
her terrible guilt is enough to arouse the deepest pity rather than 
the bitterest hatred. Besides, as christians we are commanded 
to love our enemies and to forgive their wrongs. Our cause is 


too holy and sacred to be defiled with the taint of hatred. The 
Kaiser may decorate Lissauer for his "Hymn of Hate," but as 
for us, "though we fight we must not hate" (Fosdick). The rea- 
son that the settlement of each great war has sown the seed for 
another greater war is because hatred has presided at "the green 
table." For each soldier, for each patriot, the dying words of 
Edith Cavell contain a ringing challenge : "I now see that 
patriotism is not enough. I must die without hatred or bitter- 
ness toward anyone." 

Third, this all means that our note must be definitely reli- 
gious God must be made vivid to our people. Jesus must, through 
us, make His appeal to their hearts. The people must be called 
to God's "ancient altar." The only hope for the brotherhood of 
man is the realization of the Fatherhood of God — the God re- 
vealed in Jesus Christ our Lord. "Only religion can kill war, 
for religion alone creates the new heart. Without religion we 
are without hope in the world. Without God we are lost" (Jef- 

Chamber of Classical Languages 


The University of Michigan Symposia on the Value of 
Humanistic Studies have already been referred to in this depart- 
ment. Of special interest to the majority group in the Institute 
ought to be the one which was surrendered to the theologians. 
Pertinent papers were read by Pres. Mackenzie of Hartford 
Seminary; Rev. Nock of St. Joseph's Church, Detroit; Dr. Hugh 
Black of Union, and others. The first of these was especially 
valuable. The speaker conceded that for the specific work of 
evangelism a training in Latin and Greek "cannot be proved to 
essential," but maintained that "the Christian religion cannot 
possibly retain moral and social leadership if its ministers lack 
an intellectual equipment which is equal to that required by any 
calling. The idea that Christianity can conquer by means of 
men who do not know what mental discipline is, who hope to 
maintain their influence by a piety that is divorced from intel- 
ligence, or a message that is delivered by intellectual incom- 
petents, is one of the most disastrous which any generation could 
inherit or cherish" (p. 1.57). 


He differentiated three degrees of attainment in these studies 
as being open to theological students. I shall here omit his dis- 
cussion of the two higher groups. "But there is a third class, 
consisting of those who have never gained a power of reading 
the classics easily. They rejoice that quotations from Latin, and 
Greek references to classical literature and history, are not all 
'blind' to them. They will rejoice to get as close to the originals 
as they can, and will be stimulated to buy books that deal 
directly with the sources. This measure of scholarship and ideal 
of practice is within the easy reach of practically every minister 
in the land. It is by no means to be despised. It is a measure 
of power which sets a man far beyond all his brethren who, how- 
ever, naturally able or pious, are without the knowledge which 
he possesses of these languages. The least in the kingdom of 
God is greater than all those without, and he who is able to use 
Greek and Latin in the degree I have described occupies always, 
in discussion, in the consultation of books, and in the judgment 
of controversies, a position such as abler men cannot hold, whose 
minds are dead to these languages. The tendency for the non- 
classical man must always be to purchase and read books which 
belong to the more ephemeral class — those which are avowedly 
popular. His mind moves, therefore, always on smooth waters 
and goes surely and easily to sleep. A large number of weak- 
lings in the pulpit are men who might have become strong and 
vigorous in their intellectual and spiritual life, if their equip- 
ment had been sufficient to make them appreciate the important 
works, to buy one first-class commentary rather than three or 
four commonplace ones. Men like these are the victims of every 
wind of doctrine that blows in any direction. Some of them take 
refuge, in the arid regions of narrowness, of a conservatism that 
is bitter because uninstructed. Or else they yield themselves 
to the flatulent food of the latest fad, if only the writer of a 
book is possessed of a smooth style and great self-confidence, if 
only he uses the word 'new' for his philosophy or psychology 
or theology, if only he insists often enough and subtly enough 
that he who does not see these things does not see anything at 
all. What we need today in our ministry is a great body of 
men who know enough of the past to understand the real prob- 
lems of the present. And we cannot have such a body of men 
unless they are willing to make the sacrifices of patient study to 


acquire those languages which will open the most important dis- 
cussions of the past and the present to their eyes" (pp.165-7). 

Chamber of Education 

The Uses of a Hymnal. 

A current "Ad" of a hymnal in one of our weekly religious 
papers says : "Its unusual richness in hymns of patriotism, 
service, brotherhood, social aspiration, consecration and worship 
answers precisely to the need and spirit of our times." This com- 
bination of qualities, in the main, is valuable for one pui^ose, or 
use. viz. meditation or reflection. A hymn or psalm read serves 
one purpose, when sung either of two other purposes. A prayer 
"said" or read differs from one "uttered" or intoned. The above 
qualities of hymns are significant only for reading, for study, for 
the expression or confirmation of one's convictions or beliefs. 
For such purposes the reading of the hymnal referred to (Hymns 
of the United Church) should prove a very helpful exercise. 

The two other uses are in the singing of its contents. The 
first of these, scarcely worthy of being mentioned here, is the 
disappearing custom of singing in the family or small so^'ial 
group. College and club songs and yells and ragtime with their 
immediacy of interest serve this social purpose. In view of 
the substitution we cannot charge the passing of this use of the 
hymnal to any absence of thought content. 

The third, or rather the second major use is its employment 
in the worship of the church. Prof. Coe, in his Psychology of 
Religion, chapter VII, Religion as Group Conduct, regards the 
ritual of sacerdotal worship as "an instrument of suggestion" by 
means of which the worshiper is made submissive to the ends 
or will of the ecclesiastical group. The "place of worship," Its 
equipment, its traditional forms and practices — all are sugges- 
tions that inhibit reflection and yield a desired end. This is 
probably the main function of singing in worship. With reflec- 
tion at a minimum, with singing as an integral part of a ritual 
ordained to a definite institutional end, under the influence of 
a common group activity, the individual is lost in the saving of 
a group rhythm, becomes episodic in a drama of controlled and 
controlling suggestion. 


It is for some such reason doxibtless that hymns whose 
thought quality is negligible, not to say impossible, have served 
satisfactorily and still survive. To cite but one illustration. 
Who has not been thrilled and "caught up" by that universal 
hymn," Crown Him with many crowns, The Lamb upon his 
throne." And yet when we attempt to analyse the first line, and 
then in turn the second, to say nothing of their identity from 
their appositional relationship — well we feel that such attempt 
is akin to sacrilege. We shall probably continue to sing in- 
tellectual absurdities. The hymnal in question with its reading 
qualities, making possible a return to hymn reading as a part 
of private or public worship, is a sign that we are about to quit 
trying to think intellectual monstrosities, even as an act of wor- 
ship. Should we not strive for a return to hymn reading as 
an act of worship? The value of a hymnal depends upon the use 
which one would make of it. 

Chamber of New Testament 


H. G. Wells, in God, the Invisihle King, suggests that some 
of his fundamental ideas are derived from, or at least "acci- 
dentally co-incident with," an ancient source (page 2, line 12; 
p. 17, 1.6; and paragraph beginning on p. 171). He does no 
more than remark that he is somewhat familiar with the views 
of the Gnostics of the second century and later. Further scru- 
tiny of the book reveals a plausible parallel between the theogony 
of Wells and that of the saintly heretic Marcion (floruit 140-]-). 
Marcion may, in a very loose sense, be called a Gnostic, and 
it is probable that Wells adopted the popular classification. 
While Wells seems to have been influenced by Marcion's cate- 
gories, a close alignment of views is impossible, 1) because Mar- 
cion's works were destroyed or garbled by the "old-line" Chris- 
tians, and 2) because neither one gave a system that can be 
untangled. The psychology of the two men, insofar as we have 
data from which to judge, is strikingly similar, but we shall be 
content here to point out the close identity of their God-ideas. 
In fact, one does not need the admission that "the theogony here 
set forth is ancient," etc. (p. 171). It is evident. 

Marcion submitted two conceptions of God. "The heretic of 


Pontus introduces two gods : one whom it is impossible to deny, 
our Creator ; and one whom he will never be able to prove, his 
own god." (Tertullian: Adv. Marc. 1.2.) "Disparate gods: one, 
judicial, harsh, mighty in war ; the other, mild, placid, and simply 
good and excellent." (ibid. 1.6.) 

Wells also : "Putting the leading idea of this book very 
roughly, these two antagonistic typical conceptions of God may 
be best contrasted by speaking of one of them as God-as-Nature 
or the Creator, and of the other as God-as-Christ or the Re- 
deemer." (p. IX. See also p. 13 seq.) 

Marcion repudiated the God of the Jews and the Jewish 
Scriptures as his revelation, because of the character of the 
Creator-judge-warrior God. Wells also is repelled by the picture 
of Jahweh (p. 40 seq. No. 6, God Does Not Punish). 

Salvation comes from the God of Love, not from the Crea- 
tor-God. Marcion: "They (Marcionites) exclaim; One work is 
sufficient for our God ; he has delivered man by his supreme and 
most excellent goodness, which is preferable to the creation of 
all the locusts." (Tert. Adv. Marc. 1.17.) Wells: "The finding 
of him is salvation from the purposelessness of life." (p. 18. 
See also p. 68.) 

Interestingly enough Tertullian shows, from his point of 
view, that Marcion's system implied at least nine gods (Teit. : 
Adv. Marc. 1.15). What is to be said of Wells? "And coming 

out of this veiled being (which is Wells' Creator God), 

is another lesser being" . . . (p. 15). "This second Being men 
have called the Life Force" .... (p. 17). Apparently Wells 
inadvertently introduced here another god (or divine being at 
least), making three, the Creator God, Life Force, and God the 

Unfortunately the limits of space do not permit a fair pre- 
sentation of the relationship which obviously exists between the 
thought of the two men. If one should read Tertullian's Ad- 
versus Marcionem with discrimination, and Haruack : History of 
Dogma. Vol. I. pp. 266-268, and Legge: Forerunners and Rivals 
of CJiristianitif, Vol. II, p. 293-223. he would see even more than 
is here hinted at. Marcion appears to be the earliest source in a 
rather long line reaching to William James, whence Wells drew 
the molds by which he cast his own experience into form. 

A judgment as to the validity of Wells' ideas, or of Marcion's, 


is not to be hazarded here. However, it is probable that the 
admirers of the rebellious and sincere Wells of the twentieth 
century will be reassured by the knowledge that he borrowed 
or paralleled, if you please, consciously or viuconsciously, the 
thought forms of a second century heretic, equally rebellious and 

>er of Phil 

Psychology and War Policies. 

There seems to be a growing tendency to displace President 
Wilson's distinction between the German Government and the 
German people by an identification of the Government and the 
people. Along with this identification is found the demand that 
the aim of the war is victory in terms of a "smash" of the whole 
German system. Government, Kaiser, and People. This change 
indicates a shortened vision and a limited policy. This shaving 
down (for so it seems to me) of social idealism, this rising of 
the thought concerning war aims from the conception of war as 
a "loathsome subordinate" to the thought of victory as the one 
and only aim of the war, are clearly due to the fact that many 
have come face to face with the Schrecklichkeit, that the old 
dominancy of the fighting instinct is getting back on the throne. 
It is unable to organize or receive into its house the more friendly, 
constructive instincts. But we are allowed to ask ourselves the 
question. Shall we live in Jerusalem after the pattern seen in 
the Wilderness, or after the single instinct that said, there are 
legions of angels at your command? 

The motive of those of the smaller war aim is as honest 
as that of any others. It rests on a desire to stir America to 
the full that she may help quickly to accomplish whatever 
"smash" must come; to prevent any slowing up of effort owing 
to a too great confidence in German Liberalism in a time of war, 
and to see to it that this "war of peoples" finds us as strongly 
set to our task as is the centralized mind of the Central Powers. 
There is evident purpose that we shall not "fade away" into 
sickly sentimentalism by reason of which we shall become the 
victims of a world scheme. 

And yet we are sure that it is best that this war be thought 


of as a "subordinate'" and that the distinction between the 
German Government and the German people is vastly worth- 

(1) It will enlist the finest sort of minds in America today 
who are heartily behind the policy of the President, but whom 
it would be difficult to set hard behind the more military view 
of the war. They see the war as "a task we must perform," 
as a way on to the larger future democracy of all life. 

(2) The distinction will make us the more able to measure 
up at the "peace table" to the great ideal of '"full justice" which 
includes our enemies as well as our friends. That against which 
we have been fighting and against which our anger has been 
more or less aroused, concerning which we have heai'd the hor- 
rible stories will not be at the "table." And as the war tales go 
into the future, none will be in the fellowship of the future who 
were the designers of the Schrecklichkeit. Nor need we feel that 
this is self-deception. The psychology of nationalism and war 
indicate that it is not. 

(3) The idealized conception of the war gives both a back- 
ground and foreground for the future peace. If Abraham Lin- 
coln had been permitted to live the reconstruction would have 
been more sure and rapid owing to the fact that he personalized 
a bigness of idealism and a breadth of sympathy large enough 
to catch up both the North and the South into a larger national 
consciousness. Some constructive idealist must lead us into the 
larger world consciousness so idealized. 

(4) The smaller conception of the war aim puts off — for 
how long who can tell — any functional conception of international 
values. It gives us an international psychology in terms of de- 
fense, pugnacity. There is a chance in the more idealized view 
of the war aims that the more friendly and constructive instincts 
may determine the new international life. It is for this con- 
structive, positive evaluation of our values, the supporting of the 
larger policies psychologically viewed that it seems the church 
could best stand at this time. The church knows about as well 
as any institution the workings-out of the instinct of pugnacity 
and defensive policies. 

A. R. McQueen has resigned the pastorate of the church 
at Austin, Chicago and goes to Somerset, Pa. 


Chamber of History 


One of the most interesting as well as most gratifyins 
facts:, in connection with the entry of the United States ir.t( 
the World War, has been the attitude oi the Latin Americai 

Previous to the war the European countries dominated th( 
trade of South America and also carried on an active pro 
paganda in all Latin America to instill a distrust for th( 
United States among these peoples. There was a tendencj 
in some parts to point out the Monroe Doctrine as a selfisl 
pronouncement, used by the United States to suit her ov/r 
purposes, and many acts of the United States were herald- 
ed as showing her a land grabber, who was only awaiting ar 
opportunity to politically dominate both Americas. So while 
efforts were being made, both in the United States and ir 
Latin America, to develop Pan-Americanism, there still re- 
mained a suspicion that it was impossible to achieve it. 

The attitude of Latin America toward the war intc 
which the United States has entered represents a practical 
type of Pan-Americanism and Pan-American solidarity, which 
aims at the achievement of world democracy. This solidarity 
manifested itself despite the German influence, as in Brazil 
and Chile, the personal grievances of Columbia and the pre- 
war propoganda against the United States. When President 
Wilson addressed his appeal to all neutrals asking that they 
join the United States in her attitude toward the German 
submarine warfare, all the Latin American countries replied 
with energetic protests. After the declaration of war sym- 
pathy and support was universally given by Latin Am_erica. 
Before the end of 1917 war was declared by some countries, 
others severed diplomatic relations, and where neutrality was 
maintained it was usually of a friendly character. Cuba, 
Panama and Brazil actively entered the war on the side of 
the United States. Bolivia, Guatamala. Honduras, Nicaragua, 
Haiti, Costa Rica, Peru, Uruguay and Ecuador severed diplo- 
matic relations with Germany, and Argentina reached a point 
in negotiations over the sinking of vessels. Throughout the 
year Germany carried on an active propoganda to draw the 
Latin American nations into an alliance. This propaganda as 


veil as the German plots against the United States failed of 
;heir purpose in every country. 

Book Reviews. 

A Social Theory of Religious EducatMn, by George Albert 
Coe. Chas. Scribner's Sons, New York. Pp. 361. $1.50, net. 

The point of view toward religion which is held by such 
writers as King, Ames and Coe is here used as a base for the 
discussion of the problem of religious education. Since this 
base is discussed in other boolis, it is no proper part of a re- 
viev/er's task to discuss it. From the standpoint of the social 
theory of religion Dr. Coe insists that even our most modern 
curricula are inadequate since they are more concerned with 
the material than with the social product of the educational 
process. According to Dr. Coe we must determine what kind 
of religious person we would like to have, which for Dr. Coe 
is a socially-minded Christian, and then adapt the subject mat- 
ter to the process. This subject matter must be broader than 
the Bible, though Dr. Coe has a proper appreciation of the 
Bible as a source book for religious education. No book the 
author has ever written in the field of religious education is 
better conceived and better executed than this one, which will 
be sufficient commendation to most readers. 

The Religious Education of an American Citizen, by Francis 
Greenwood Peabody. Macmillan, New York. Pp. 214. $1.2.5 net. 

It is the belief of Professor Peabody that America has a 
great religious heritage in our history and modern commercial- 
ism has only partly obscured this religious life. One can edu- 
cate the American youth in secure consciousness that there is 
the religious spirit in him to appeal to. The great qualities 
which must inhere in a proper religious education for the 
American citizen are declared to be Discipline, Power and 
Perspective. Like all of this author's work, the book abounds 
in magnificent phrases and epigrams and is thoroughly well- 
written throughout. In the book a scientific view-point and a 
religious spirit have made a happy union. While it is not as 
fundamental as that of Professor Coe, it is a volume which 
should be placed in every Sunday school library as an inspiring 
and informing work for the use of the teachers. 


Fundamental QuPHtions, by Henrj^ Cliurchill King. Mac- 
millan, New York. Pp. 256. $1.50 net. 

Professor King has the gift of popvilarizing learning and 
this book deals with certain o'l the great religious problems in 
a most helpful way. The fundamental questions are regarded 
by Professor King as those of Sin and Suffering, Prayer, Christ, 
Life's Fundamental Decision, Liberty and Law, Christian 
Unity, the World Religion. The suggestions made by Presi- 
dent King on these themes are thought-provoking. Disciples 
will be especially interested in his treatment of the subject 
of Christian unity. He says: "The one uniting word is 
Christian. We are seeking the union of all confessors of 
Christ. This is our real unity; that we all, with loyal devotion 
confess Christ. This it what touches our hearts and makes 
us long for mutual understanding and for union." The book 
will be useful for building up religious intelligence among lay 
people as well as for the purposes of a minister's library. 

Tract Is Finished. 

The tract on the Disciples of Christ, taken from the book 
"Progress," has been printed. Irving S. Chenowith, pastor in 
Philadelphia, thought well enough of this chapter in "Prog- 
ress" that he asked permission to have printed two thousand 
copies of the document with his local church imprint in order 
to explain the presence of his church in the local community. 
Ke made some minor changes in the tract and brought the sta- 
tistics up to date. We thought we could do no better than 
accept the changes a successful pastor wished, so our edition 
of the tract, without imprint of any kind, designed for general 
circulation, is the same in wording. In quantities of fifty or 
over, the tracts will be mailed at the rate of tv/o dollars per| 
hundred. Samples will be sent on request. 

Appreciation of "Progress". 

The splendid editorial review of "Progress" in a recent 
issue of the Christian Century helps to interest the book to 
the larger public. This review characterizes the book as "pro- 
phetic" and commends it to people who wish to understand 


the modern movement in religion. 

Some nice orders have come in the past month from men 
who liave evidently decided to circulate the book among their 
[riends. Every Institute pastor should see to it that his good 
friends in religion should read the book. "Progress" will en- 
tourage people who may be discouraged about the Disciples, 
[t will help pastors to hold people who would otherwise leave 

News Notes 


Fay E. Livengood is, together with his wife, engaged in 
study at the Yale School oi Religion. They are looking for- 
ward to missionary work in India as soon as the way opens, 
a.nd hope to accomplish this purpose unless the war situation 
makes it necessary to change their plans. 

Joseph L. Garvin was one of the speakers at Camp Sher- 
man on Sunday, December 23rd. He also expected to spend 
the last few days of December at the same camp. 

Alva W. Taylor writes some thought-provoking words 
under the title: "Will Ministers be Slackers?" in his Social 
Interpretations in the Christian Century of December sixth. 

To the regret of the church and the citizens of Hannibal, 
Mo., Rev. Geo. A. Campbell has resigned his pastorate, the 
resignation to take effect at the time of his seventh anniver- 
sary, February first. He will then begin his new work as min- 
ister of the Union Ave. Church of St. Louis. 

Word comes from Mrs. J. Clark Archer that her husband 
landed in Bombay on October third. He is no doubt now at 
work among the Indian troops of the British army in Meso- 
potamia. His special studies in the field of Missions (in which 
he is an Assistant Professor at Yale) will no doubt prove of 
inestimable help to him in understanding the men among 
whom he works, and interpreting their problems. 

F. E. Davison of Spencer, Ind., is President of his local 
Ministerial Association. 

P"'or the year 1918 John Ray Ewers will write the interpre- 
tations of the International Sunda.y School lessons (Uniform 
series) appearing in the Christian Century. 


Irving S. Chenowith. Pastor of the First Christian Churcl 
of Philadelphia, is making plans for the dedication of thei: 
new building, which is to occur on January 20th. The nev 
structure is at Northeast Boulevard and Tenth Street. Mr 
Clienoweth publishes an attractive folder, "The Reminder." I 
single copy that chances to be at hand indicates the breadtl 
of his church interest; aside from local church items, then 
appear notes on Food Conservation, the Red Cross, the 4 Oil 
anniversary of the Protestant Reformation, the Service Flag, 
Community Service, etc. 

W. E. Gordon continues his good work at Batavia, 111. 

v/here he acts as pastor while engaging in Graduate study ai 

he University of Chicago. A recent every-member canvas re 

suited in surpassing the goal by $100 or more. There hav( 

been a number of accessions to the membership recently. 

Dean F. O. Norton of Drake spent a part of his Christmas 
holidays in Chicago, attending the meeting of the Associatior 
of University Professors. 

Our president, Edward A. Henry, together with Mrs 
Henry and Mrs. Gordon, is spending the holidays at Evansville 
Indiana, Mrs. Henry's old home. 

To Ministers: When sending dues or writing the Secre^ 
tary for any other purpose, enclose a copy of your Churci 

F. C. Norton of Drake University sent in his resignation 
the past month. This will be acted upon in the usual course 
at the summer meeting as the officers have no power to ad 
for the organization in such matters. 

Dr. Herbert L. Willett was the speaker at the Chicago 
Sunday Evening Club on December 9th, his subject being 
"America and the World Crisis." This institution is one of 
the most interesting of its kind in the country, and attracts tc 
its platform many of the leading speakers of the United States. 
H. J. Loken has closed his work at the Union Theological Col- 
lege and has accepted the pulpit at Liberty, Mo., made vacant bj 
Graham Frank going to Dallas, Tex. 

The Hyde Park church has subscribed for two hundred copies oi 
the new volume of sermons to be gotten out soon by E. S. Ames. 

x^ustin Hunter probably deserves the title of "the marrying 
parson of the Campbell Institute." He had 60 weddings last year. 

Campbell Sngttfate Bulletin 



Thou, whose deep ways are in the sea, 
Whose footsteps are not known, 

Tonight a world that turned from Thee 
Is waiting — at Thy Throne. 

The towering Babels that we raised 
Where scoffing sophists brawl, 

The little Anti-christs we praised — 
The night is on them all. 

The fool hath said . . The fool hath said 
And we, who deemed him wise, 

We who believed that Thou wast dead, 
How should we seek Thine eyes ? 

How should we seek to Thee for power 
Who scorned Thee yesterday ? 

How should we kneel in this dread hour? 
Lord, tea^h us to pray ! 

Grantfus the single heart, once more, 
That mocks no sacred thing. 

The Sword of Truth our fathers wore 
When Thou wast Lord and IClng. 

Let darkness unto darkness tell 

Our deep unspoken prayer. 
For, while our souls in darkness dwell, 

We know that Thou art there. 

Alfred Noves. 

Will the war contribute to reaction or progress in the religious 
world? It is just such a question as is being asked by people who 
are interested in economics and the answer is by no means deter- 
mined. Government control of railroads may be bungled and lead 
to a generation of prejudice against the idea. Religious liberals 
may prove less helpful in war-time than their conservative broth- 
ers. If they do, will not the cause of progress be retarded? 

The judgement of the community on religious systems is prag- 
matic. A certain city pastor of untid}^ dress and impossible ser- 
mons stays on from year to year. Every winter he manages to 
care for a lot of poor people. Good business men forgive all 
for the sake of this service. In another city one can find a liberal 
minister preaching to relatively conservative people. He has 
laughed at hell and repudiated the Virgin Birth. He is known to 
favor the reception of the unimmersed. Why does not the con- 
gregation move him? Because he fills pews, builds up the mem- 
bership and under his ministry the bills are always paid. The 
church has no courage to oppose success. 

These instances illustrate in a broad way the principle we con- 
ceive as the determining one in establishing rehgious types. It is 
the function of religion to assist the human race in the struggle for 
survival. This means that religion is closely related to food pro- 
duction, love, war and every other vital fact. 

In Germany reactionary religious conceptions are proving to 
have a temporary usefulness. A narrow nationalistic conception 
is given forth by the emperor and supported by his parasites. In 
America we have most use for the religion of catholic outlook and 
democratic attitude if we are to continue the war in the spirit in 
which we began it. If America succeeds without compromising 
her ideals, we can well believe that the world situation will be 
favorable to the development of the modern progressive evangeh- 
cal faith. 

We hold the conviction that at last this faith must be accepted, 
as the popular creed. Is the time near at hand? Whether the 
war proves a stepping stone or a stumbling-block, those who hold 

the free rational faith will not falter in their devotion. 

Ihe Humaoitarianism of Big Business 


It becomes increasingly certain that the "soul-less corporation" 
has a soul. Whether this is a recent acquisition or endowment; 
or whether it has been in status quo through all the j^esterdays 
is a question that does not now concern me. It is quite sufficient 
that the soul is now manifesting its presence. 

The scarcity of coal in Ohio during December caused much suf- 
fering. Money was powerless to secure heat. Last evening a 
fellow passenger in a trolley car told me that on a recent morning 
when he went to work at the Carnegie mills he remarked to the 
boss that he left just two lumps of coal in his cellar at home and 
that his wife and babies would probably get pretty cold before 
night-fall. The official replied, ''Why man, we won't allow that as 
long as there i.s a lump of coal at the works." At ten o'clock that 
forenoon three tons of coal were in the cellar of this working man. 
Be it known that at this very time the Carnegie Steel Company 
was closing many of its departments on account of lack of fuel, and 
that the case cited is one of hundreds. Other corporations have 
dealt out coal to their employes with equally liberal hand. 

The director of welfare has come to be regarded as a necessary 
functionary in any business institution of moment. 

One's enjoyment of the glow of the Mazda lamp is rather in- 
creased by knowing that hundreds of girls engaged in the manu- 
facture of it go each noon to elegently appointed rest rooms where 
lunch is served them at less than cost, and where the touch of 
refinement resulting from contact with the best in music, art and 
literature awaits them. Trained nurses look after their health and 
competent specialists help them in solving their vital problems. 

The Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company, one of the largest 
independent steel companies in America, maintains a magnificent 
hospital for the sole use of -its employes. In many cases their 
wages are continued through their period of illness and sent to 
their families. This same corporation conducts extensive night 

scIjOoIs for it^ mon. Every effort is put forth to make intelligen' 
American citizens of the foreigners who are in their emplo}^ 

Club houses for the employes, maintained at company expense 
are, of course, exceedingly common. A good example is that of th( 
Republic Rubber Company where an up to date structure, tha 
would put to shame many of our college buildings, is given over t( 
the use of the men. Besides enjoying good meals a la carte at cost 
they are all permitted to use the reading rooms, the recreation anc 
game rooms, the bathing facilities, etc. 

The railroad Y. M. C. A. with its exten? ive dormities and usual 
Y. M. C A. features has come to be reckoned among the necessities 
at railway centers. 

Right in the midst of mills, belching forth smoke and flamf\, is a 
grass plot of several acres, dotted with trees and containing a min- 
ature lake. Every facility for enabling Young America to enjoj) 
life is found here. The most competent of play-ground directors 
are kept busy all through the summer. Above the screech oi 
wl'i ties and roar of machinery you may hear the laughter and 
shouts of the barefoot boy; and his name is legion; and his sister is 
with him. The entire expcntic of the enterprise is borne by the 
biggest steel corporation in the world. 

Working men were encouraged to plant war gardens, and the 
corporations plowed and harrowed every garden that their 
employes would promise to plant, and the employe got all the 
produce without expense either for tho land or for this service. 

Company houses are not the terrorizing hovels that once were 
pictured. Still companies are building houses by the thousand, 
but they are neat, substantial, sanitary and contain every modern 
convenience. Moreover the rentals to employes are, so far as I 
can learn, considerably less than would be demanded by other 

Ida Tarbell said, several years ago, that the safety first propa- 
ganda was fast becoming a religion. One of the items of first 
con«ider[i/Lion in modern industrialism is the safety and welfare of 
the man de])endod upon to do the work. 

Time would fail to speak of individual cases where the wolf is 


driven from the door of an employe's family months after the 
bread winner had died, and where men and families are tided over 
long periods of misfortune. 

If the fruit of the tree is a fair criterion, I think I have proved 
my thesis that the corporation has a soul. If the cases cited seem 
to abound over-much in local coloring, it is only because I wish to 
be specific and am very sure that they represent, with fair accuracy, 
a phase of industrial conditions throughout the country. 

It would appear that much of the friction between capital and 
labor may be removed by the removal of the employe's cause for 
complaint. The primary demand, of course, is for justice. After 
this, a man wants to know that he is to be regarded and treated 
as a human being. Large gains in realizing this latter desire are 
unquestionably coming to him in these days. 

Chamber of Philosophy 


One of the interesting problems in philosophy in recent years has 
been the problem of the Theory of Value. And the first quesiion 
in the problem has been, In how far does "value" exist "in" 
a "thing" as a constituent clement, principle, or attribute, and in 
how far is "value" "put" upon a "thing" by a conscious being 
capable of knowing it, of desiring and being interested in the 
"thing". One set of the theories holds that "value" is "in" a 
"thing" as such. The other set of theories holds that "value" is 
"given" to a "thing" and that a thing is valuable only as related 
to the interests or desires of an interested being. Along these 
lines are drawn the distinctions between the various theories of 
value. And as the other side of the matter we have the discussion re- 
garding the absolute or relative and practical character of "value." 

The absolute and realistic theories of value are not so capable 
of making a good case for themselves as seem to be the theories 
that teach value as given to things by an interested being. Even 
Dr. Perry breaks with realism when he comes to discuss the theory 
of value. We have a new picture, too, of the interest being in 
our modern psychology. And with this goes the new understand- 


ing of the relation of the individual and the group or society. 

Now it is just in terms of this rise and importance of the relative 
theory of value, its practical character, and of value as given to a 
thing by a conscious being and in terms of the thing's relation to 
the interests, plans of the conscious being that there has come to 
me a question regarding the much talk about "sacrificial living." 
Does not the idea of sacrificial living partake of the theory of 
value as "in" a thing, as absolute, and the scale of values built 
upon such a theory? If for a thing to have value, to be valuable, 
it must have importance for a plan, a purpose, an interest or 
desire as it may be stated, then it would seem that the idea of 
sacrifice does not belong to this field of the theory of value. For 
anything that will not tie up with the plan or interest has no 
value. How then can there be sacrifice? If the idea of sacrifice 
is a matter of comparison of two projected programs, one of which 
some set of circumstances have made impossible, and this one the 
most alluring, it but means that the other plan is impossible in the 
world as it is, in which world are no values, but upon which world 
we try to put such value as we may. And there is no sacrifice. Or 
does sacrifice have to do with the being having interests and de- 
sires, and not with the field of value? Can this distinction be 

The practical bearing of this is in regard to its part in the vim 
and the attitudes with which a man may go to his task. He is 
not thinking of sacrifice; he forgets the flesh-pots of Egypt; he 
counts the other things as refuse; he shuffles off regret and puts 
his all in the possible and next thing in the path of human interest 
and welfare. 

Readings — Dewey, Essays, Is Judgement Practical? 
Stuart, Studies in Logical Theory 

Creative Intelligence 
Perry, Jr. of Phil., March 26, 1917 
Perry, Present Philosophical Tendencies 

H. J. Loken and family were snow bound for three days on the 
way to Liberty. Mo., their new home. 


Chamber of Pastoral Duties 


The Pulpit and the War 

Almost every week the ministers of our country are receiving 
communications asking them to emphasize some cause essential to 
the winning of the war. Invariably the prominence, influence and 
patnotihrn of the men of the cloth are ''^a-it large" in said com- 
munications. Some authors and editors are telling us that the 
church is tibout down and out — a kind of spiritual octogenarian, 
a something without power, appeal or attraction. Evidently the 
war department, Mr. Hoover, Dr. Garfield and President Wilson 
are not of that opinion. They are constantlj'- appealing to the 
church as an institution of vital strength and patriotic power. 

This very fact suggests a question. Is there a danger that the 
church will become an annex of the war department? Shall the 
pastor respond to every request for a sermon on every emergency 
that appeals, from Liberty Bonds to the willing payment of the 
income tax? In a word, shall the war and its emergency appeals 
absorb the thought, sermon time and voice of the pulpit? The 
people read little else but war news in their daily papers. Shall 
they hear nothing but war and its appeals when they assemble in 

The pulpit has a very sacred and responsible function to fulfil 
in this tragic war for world-freedom from the curse of Prussianism. 
It must strive to conserve the ideals of democracy and the passion 
of love in the midst of strife and bloodshed. It must endeavor to 
nerve the nation for the necessary sacrifice of life and treasure 
that democracy may be saved from the attack of autocracy and 
ultimately inherit the earth. It must bring comfort and strength 
to. the anxious hearts of the fathers and mothers, sisters and lov- 
ers. And, above all, it must make God a real father and Jesus 
Christ a present reality to the perplexed and weary age. One 
other duty remains, namely, to help along every patriotic cause 
essential to the winning of the war. Through prayer and sermon 
and conversation the pastor may meet the general obliga- 
tions that the war imposes, but how can he meet this last de- 


mand without making the service a mere mouth-piece for some 

department of war activity — an activity of which the people 

probably already have learned much through the daily papers and 


The writer's suggestion (growing out of his own practice) is 
this : make the time for announcements vital with a very brief but 
well prepared statement (such as the four-minute men use) of the 
matter. Cut out some of the routine announcements or leave 
them to the calendar or bulletin board. Then when the time for 
the sermon comes, pour yourself out in a message that will send 
the people away stronger and braver. 

Chamber of Classical Lapgoages 


In illustration of Pres. Macenzie's statement concerning the 
value to ministers of even a minimum knowledge of Greek, as 
quoted last month, I wish to record an anecdote. Not long ago 
one of our Northwestern graduates was pastor of a Methodist 
church in Indiana. The town was invaded by a Disciple evang- 
elist, who at nearlj' every service paraded the "united consensus of 
the scholarship of the world" as being committed to the position 
that baptizo neans "dip". Our alumnus had taken a little Greek 
at the university but like most pcdobaptists had never made^ any 
special study of the baptizo matter. Now m some alarm he sent 
off an appeal for help to one of our Northwestern classicists. Prof. 
Scott is easih' within the first half- dozen of American Hellenists, 
and within the last fifteen years, in company with a few German 
and British scholars, has overturned the previously accepted 
theories concerning Homer, thereby deservedly gaining a truly 
international reputation. Incidentally he believes that baptizo 
meant merely to "moisten", regardless of method, and quickly 
provided his old student with a few classical texts to argue from. 
Armed with these, the latter prepared to confront the evangelist. 
But the battle was alreadj' over. The newcomer had to confess 
that he did not know so much as the Greek alphabet and was not 

in a position to argue the point. On the advice of the local of- 
ficers he terminated his meetings at once and quickly left town. 
The moral of this story is that a little Greek enabled the one man 
to gain an overwhelming victory, and conversely entire ignorance 
of it cost the other man a battle which he need not have lost. Per- 
haps Pres. MacKenzie conceded too much when he said that "for 
the specific work of evangelism such a training cannot be proved to 
be essential." Those who pre^^ch the "full gospel" or who have to 
confute it may easily find Greek among their most valued acqui- 

1 have recently been reading Ovid's poems from exile (9-17 A. 
D. ) ; in his Ex Ponto III, 4, 97 he wrote: 

perfida damnatas Germania proicit hastas. 
Evidently the reputation of the German race has not changed 
much in the course of nineteen centuries. 

Chamber of Old Testament 


The divine right of kings and the deified creed are founded upon 
the same principle. Both are fatal to the intellectual and spirit- 
ual freedom of the individual. The devotees of either are slaves 
witli no conscience of their own, potential criminals ready to dis- 
regard any and every law of man or God. For the king can do 
no wrong, or the creed is divine, is an accepted proposition with 
them. Then naturally follows the corollary, Whatever a subiect 
does in the service of his sovereign, or his deity, must be right. 
The book of Job in the religion of the hero's three friends gives us 
a good example of the deified creed, while a fine illustration of the 
divine right of kings may be seen in the central powers of Europe 
controlled by the criminally insane Kaiser, William HohenzoUern. 
Under his blighting rule gray-haired professors of ethics and min- 
isters of the gospel of peace at their "master's high behest" gave 
a clean hill of health to atrocities which put to shame the ancient 
heathen. The history of the deified creed makes little, if any, 
better showing. 


As a rule, a creed, like the old Roman emperors, is not dei- 
fied until it is dead. Furthermore it is always a man-made insti- 
tution. That of the three friends may be formulated as follows: 
"Great suffering always means great sin on thepartof the victim." 
It was de£.d before the beginning of the debate between Job and 
his visitors, killed by the facts of experience of that Old Testa- 
ment ^aint. So the real facts must be suppressed and others in- 
vented in support of the proposition (see xxii.1-11). This meant 
the assas-ination of the character of the person of whom God says: 
"There is none like him in the earth, a perfect and upright man, 
one that feareth God, and turneth away from evil." But what 
cared these bigots for a little matter like that? The creed must 
be maintained, though heaven, and all for which heaven stands, 
fall; for is it not divine and therefore inerrant? 

From the time of Job down to the year of our Lord 1918, here- 
sy-hunting and religious persecution have always had such a creed 
for a back-gromid. It matters not whether it be, "We are Abra- 
ham's seed, and have never yet been in bondage to any man", or 
"Evolution banishes God from his universe", the effects are 
equally baneful. "Moses is the author of the Pentateuch" was 
once a creed to which nearly every one could subscribe, and it 
formed a working basis for Scripture study. But we read nothing 
about deifying it and hunting men out of the brotherhood for lese 
majestie until the scholarship of the world had pronounced it dead. 

The divine right of kings with its brood of sneaking, skulking 
creatures in every corner of the earth, professing friendship while 
they seek the destruction of those who feed them, will have to go. 
So, too, all these dead, deified creeds must be banished from our 
hearts for the living and life-giving Son of God. 

My Dear Professor Willett :- 

I acknowledge with hearty thanks the gift of the volume "Pro- 
gress." It is an uncommonly interesting collection of essays. I 
am glad that Yale can claim a peculiar interest in the movement 
that it commemorates. Frank C. Porter. 


Chamber of New Testament 


The Millennial Hope: a Phase of War-Time Thinking. By Pro- 
fessor Shirley Jackson Case. The University of Chicago Press, 
vii and 253 pages. $1.25 plus postage. 

To strengthen an historical belief, state its present function and 
then its history; to oppose such a belief, give its histor>' and then 
discuss its present function. Some such thought lies back of the 
plan adopted by the author of this book, as the enumeration of its 
five chapters indicates:- Gentile Hopes, Hebrew and Jewish 
Hopes, Early Christian Hopes, Later Christian Hopes, and Modern 
Estimate of Millenial Hopes. It is absolutely impossible to meet 
and vanquish the well-fortified millenarianist on his own ground. 
Once he is granted the priviledge of arguing on the basis of Bib- 
lical interpretation (falsely so called, perhaps), he has complete 
confidence in his own position. Such weakness as his system of 
thought may betray, can be covered up by charges of unbelief 
brought against his opponent. 

Professor Case does not offer millenarianism any such vantage 
ground. He gives a survey of all the religions which have con- 
tributed anything to modern occidental religious thought insofar 
as they possess teachings comparable to Christian millenarianism. 
By the time one has examined all these beliefs, he sees that they 
grew out of a pessemistic attitude toward this world order ' and 
man's ability to adjust himself happily in it. They functioned by 
building up hopes for the future in which all human wishes were 
to be satisfied for the faithful without any responsibility on their 
part. They have functioned through the building up of hopes, not 
through their satisfaction. 

Present-day millenarianism is to be judged finally by an answer 
to Professor Case's prefatory question: "Are the ills of society to 
be righted by an early and sudden destruction of the present 
world or is its permanent relief to be secured only by a gradual 
process of strenuous endeavor covering a long period of years?" 

It is not probable that this book will circulate widely among 
those who are saturated with millennarian beliefs, nor amone 


those who desire an easy refutation. It will be valuable 
chiefly for those who are ready to acquire an historical 
background as a preparation for the inculcation of a more opti- 
mistic view of life than millennarianism affords. The problem of 
maintaining a healthful attitude toward the world and the tasks 
involved in life has become especially acute since the war has pre- 
cipitated this mass of primitive pessimism upon the church in the 
form of a revived millennarianism. No minister can close his eyes 
to this fact. He must either acquiesce or resist. If he does the 
latter, he needs careful preparation. 

Chamber of Education 


A new daj'- is in process of being born. Tomorrow we shall live 
in a new world, religiously, ethically, educationall}^ Of the last 
two combined I shall speak here, reserving the first for another 
time. That something has been wrong with our theory and prac- 
tice the present world condition testifies to. What it is cannot 
easily be discovered. These paragraphs offer but a suggestion or 

It is possible that our theory has been divorced from our prac- 
tice, our education from our life, that our philosophj^ of life has 
not found expression in our deed. Educationally speaking this is 
not true of our quondam friends, the Ger.nans. It is tlieir philos- 
ophy of life itself that is at fault. With us education has never 
been regarded as constitutive of life, as of its very essence. The 
curriculum has not been identified with life in any real fashion. 
Schooling is ordinarily just a good thing "to take", providing 
there are time and opportunity. Much of our education has been 
indulged in as a sort of leisure adornment, as an external polish, 
and not pursued as elemental and essential. Education tomorrow 
will be a social program undertaken for the purpose of making 
more ideal citizens, of incarnating ideas in human lives. We shall 
have a philosophy of life thought-out, full-orbed, and thus possess- 
ing some measure of completeness and consistency. Education 

win find its setting and motive in this life-view and prove a 
significant agency in its realization. 

"It is not expedient for Christian believers to oppose education" 
says a recent issue of a so-called religious weekly. To abandon 
the field, it continues, would be to "leave it entirelj^ to the anti- 
Christian theorizers". What a raison d'etre for education, and 
what an appreciation! Education, intelligently appraised, to say 
nothing of Christian education, in its identification of thought and 
deed, of profession and practice, as giving fashion and guidance to 
life, will be essentially ethical. We shall have a single standard in 
morals. Civilization or culture as a veneer over an underlying 
barbarism yields a double standard of morality. The revelations 
of diplomatic intrigue in recent months constitute the maximum 
expression of duplicity. Diplomacy as the profession of regard and 
fidelit.y while practising the "tooth and claw" of savagery and 
animalism will be impossible under the new education. A practice 
that is dishonorable and immoral between individuals cannot be 
honorable and moral between nations. 

I mean to say then that education will be constitutive and a 
unifier of life. Its curriculum will consist of selected and proved 
life-values. Its subject-matter will be living issues, concerns, and 
problems. It will gear the individual up more highly and make 
impossible the present ethical dislocations, individual and national. 
It will identify com luet aid chiracler. 

Chamber of Literature 


The Eternal Conflict 

A great prerogative of criticism is, to parody one of the hymns 
of the Church, "to knock the present age." One feels prone to 
agree with Professor Sherman (On Contemporary Literature, Hen- 
ry Holt, 1917, $1.50) that we are, for the present at least, Hving in 
the worst of all possible worlds, not only because of the state of 
world politics, but also because of certain disintegrating tendencies 
which reveal themselves in contemporary literature. In the book 


mentioned, the^e tendencies, together with some that are more 
hopeful, are discussed in chapters on naturalism — Utopian, barbaric 
aesthetic (Wells, Dreiser, George Moore) ; Realism (Bennett) ; Skep- 
ticism (Anatole France); Exoticism (Synge); Toryism (Alfred 
Austin) ; Aesthetic Idealism (H. James) ; Humanism (Meredith) ; 
finally, as Mr. Hackett wittily sa3'S in the New Republic, Mr. 
Sherman "relaxes cautiously, safe in the arms of Shakespeare". 
Seemingty, in Hackett 's opinion, this is a horrible anti-climax! 

Professor Sherman's criticism cuts in to the core of these ten- 
dencies. He not only has high standards of measurement, but tries 
to create standards in others. Now Mr. Hackett objects to stan- 
dards, and with charming naivete and superficiality succeeds in 
convicting the professor of the crime of being decent, and finally 
damns him by putting him among such "sheep of instinctive 
obedience'' to moral order, as P. E. More, W. C. Brownell, Irving 
Babbitt, Paul Shorey, et al. In other words, Mr. Sherman is a 
humanist. What a degradation this is to what many of the young 
progressives (in a circle) are pleased to call their minds, can be 
seen in Randolph Bourne's recent hysterical shriek against Paul 
Shorey's "The Assault on Humanism." At present, to be vital 
is the essential. To accept convention is to refuse life. To dis- 
approve of vulgarity, to resent emphasis on "treacherous individ- 
ual sensibilities" is to dam the current of the elan vital. 

Some of us are inclined to agree with Professor Sherman that 
the great task of the twentieth century thinkers is to get man out 
of the nature into which those of the nineteenth put him. 
"Man must begin, know this, where Nature ends." Right here is 
a good place to call attention to the basis suggested for distin- 
guishing between realistic and naturahstic fiction. Both represent 
the life of man in modern society, and are founded on the exper- 
ience and observation of the author, "but the realistic novt^l is a 
representation based on a theory of human conduct; the natural- 
istic on a theorj^ of animal behavior." 

Although the heralds of the forlorn gospel of Humanism who 
sally forth in our day upon the "quest for the best" are subject to 
the scoffing remarks of the modern scions of the Bandar-Log, sit- 


ting without fig leaves, under the tree of "contemporary vitality"; 
their fate is as endurable as is that of those vital voyagers who 
are adrift on the stream of natural impulse, until, spurlos versenkt 
by the popgun of their hypothesis, they are "swallow'd in Vast- 
ness, lost in Silence, drown'd in the deeps of a meaningless Past." 
The devil — the printer's devil — by inserting a "not" in my ref- 
erence to Mr. Lindsay, in the December Bulletin, made me 
guilty of agreeing with Miss Lowell's classification of him. I 

News Notes 


Burris A. Jenkins has published a new book based on his exper- 
iences of six months in the Y. M. C. A. work at the front. Its 
title is " Facing the Hindenberg Line", and Fleming H. Revel! is 
the publisher. 

Rodney L. McQuary, formerly Professor of Biblical Literature at 
Eureka College, and now a chaplain in the National Army, was 
married to Miss Helen Longman on December 31st. The cer- 
emony was preformed by the bride's brother, Rev. C. W. Longman, 
an old college friend of the groom. 

Orvis F. Jordan of Evanston is this year Grand Chaplain of the 
I. O. 0. F. for the Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois. 

Members of the Campbell Institute will be interested in the 
efforts of Butler College to establish a Charles E. Underwood 
Scholarship Fund; the Indiana churches have been asked to use 
their educational offerings for the present year for this purpose. 

Perry J. Rice is shortly to leave El Paso for Chicago. His pas- 
torate in El Paso has covered a period of about nine years, during 
which time he has been active in both denominational and inter- 
denominational affairs. For a number of years he has been pres- 
ident of the New Mexico-West Texas Christian Missionary Society. 
On March first he will begin his work as executive secretary of the 
Chicago Christian Missionary Society. He will secure funds for 
the development of the Chicago work, have much to do with the 


planting of one new church a yGav (as at present contemplated by 
the Chicago eociety), and perform the other functions that such a 
office implies. It is possible that that the Institute men living 
near Chicago may give a dinner to Mr. Rice early in April. 

The report of F. 0. Norton's resignation in the last issue of the 
Bulletin was very much like one of the reports of Mark Twain's 
J^cth, of which the humorist himself said that it was very greatly 
exaggerated. Dean Norton is still a member of the Institute, and 
intends to remain so. 

Two of our members are now entitled to congratulations, Lin. 
D. Carlwright and Herbert L. Swanson. In the case of the former 
the reason is a girl; in the case of the latter, a boy. 

On January 27th, Dr. E. S. Ames was the University of Chicago 
Preacher at Mandel Hall. 

Howard E. Jenson's new address is 512 Webster Place, Milwau- 
kee. During January he preached a series of sermons on the 
Social Value of Christianity, inviting public discussion of the 
various tipicb on each following Wednesday evening. 

The Disciples' Publication Society reports that orders for the 
book, "Progress", are coming in constantly. 

W. C. Macdougall and family are expecting to return to India 
next October, and are already arranging for passage. 

W. C. Macdougall and his church in Waukegan have been try- 
ing to do what they could to meet the needs of the hosts of "Jack- 
ies" who come to their city from the Naval Training Station near 
by. But they are very greatly handicapped for lack of sufficient 
funds. There are probably more than a thousand men at the sta- 
tion who are members of the Disciples' church, or express a pre- 
ference for it. Many of these find their way to Waukegan at the 
week-end, and Mr. Macdougall feels that the strengthening of the 
local church plant is of vital importance, — far more important in 
fact than would be the sending of a civilian chaplain to represent 
the Disciples. 

E. S. Ames expects to publish a new book shortly, a series of five 
sermons preached in his church during December. 

Campbell Snstitttte JSuIlettn 



How long, O God, shall nations lift up their hands to war? 
How long shall we look fondly Thy Kingdom's triumph for? 
How long shall kings and armies defeat Thy reign of peace — 
Until Thy voice in thunder shall bid their strife to cease? 

The pomp of martial triumph, the cult of armed might, 
Sways people who still cherish a creed of pagan night. 
The dawning of Thy Kingdom — the thousand years of peace — 
Breaks slowly on the watchers from war who seek release. 

The fountain-head of conflict (man's hate of brother man — 
The greed that knew no bounding, whence floods of envy ran) 
Dries slowly in the splendor that streams from^ out Thy throne, 
Whose radiant light shall wither all fruitage but Thine own. 

The seed of crude am.bition, the lust of pelf and power, 
Has borne its deadly harvest in this unholy hour; 
Lord God, arise with healing and bring the world Thy peace. 
Hate turned to love of brother, fraternal joy's increase. 

Allay the greed of m.ammon, relax the straining hands 
That grip the sword of conquest, and crimson peaceful lands — 
Till crowns and scepters perish, and all the brood of hell 
Who drive brave men to slaughter Thy justice shall dispel. 

Till nations leagued with nations to work the will of all 

Shall beat their swords to plowshares, and Thee their Father call: 

Thy justice vindicated. Thy righteousness made sure, 

Thy kingdom come in triumph, through ages to endure. 

Frank Monroe Crouch. 


Two Kinds of Reformers 

It may have been just the accident of circumstance that Jere- 
miah influenced his age less than did Isaiah but we think it was 
also partly a matter of method. One was the weeping, denounc- 
ing kind of reformer. The other saw not less clearly the evil of the 
world, but still found a place for hope. His denunciations were 
not unmixed with appreciation of the good he found among his 
people. The way of all prophets leads to martyrdom but the pro- 
phet who, like Noah, preaches without effect, is the saddest spec- 
tacle. A great prophet should not sit .Tonah-like under his gourd, 
jealous for his message but indifferent to his audience. 

Two contemporaneous books illustrate the difference in method 
of which we speak. Orchard in his Outlcok for Religion sounds 
the carping critical note. He sees all the evil in contemporaneous 
church life but he is color-blind to the good. He thinks the Cath- 
ohc church is no longer catholic and the Protestant churches have 
lost their protest. He finds non-conformist churches completely 
conformed to this world. He hesitates between the notions that 
the future religion will be Romanist, or that of some brand new 
Protestant movement yet unborn. 

The occasion of this jeremiad is that the churches are just now 
supporting their nations in the war against* the atrocities of 
German autocracy. He finds no place for the notion that this may 
be due to intellectual blindness. It is the uglier thing of moral 
turpitude. There is no salvation in other than the Quaker atti- 
tude; but let us beware of the Quakers for they are luke-warm. 
We cannot believe that a man lacking faith in the vast majority 
of the human race can ever accomplish mucli as a prophet, though 
he diagnoses with much skill the sickness of modern religion. He 
is too much like the over -zealous surgeon who always counsels an 

Not less scathing is Professor Kauschenbusch when he chooses to 
be. He has indicted the age for its sins as well as the church. 
But he has never made the mistake of falling into despair. He 
does not waste pages in wailing because the church has no message 
and then fail himself to give a constructive message. In his A 


Theology for the Social Gospel he works constructively at the task 
of giving religion a modern message. He desires to fulfil rather 
than to destroy. 

It is here that men of our fellowship may learn a lesson. Uni- 
versity trained men cultivate habits of analj^sis and criticism. It 
is one thing to handle a book or a theory without gloves; it is an- 
other thing to disbelie\'e in one's brethren. 

In our great brotherhood which we serve can be found many 
things not pleasant to mention. We see ignorance and sectarian- 
ism and irreverence. A rampant commercialism has torn reputa- 
tions to tatters to furnish a religious sensation for a price. The 
growing wealth of our people has made us fear sometimes the plu- 
tocratic control of great enterprises among us. We have seen 
honest teachers threatened with loss of position and good preach- 
ers driven into other communions. In current religious teaching 
the great Disciple plea is often caricatured. 

But the presence of these things must not make us bhnd to the 
beautiful things among us. Thousands of plain people are living 
with piety and rectitude through our religious influence. If our 
colleges are fighting for their freedom, they have enough of it to 
turn out hundreds of men and women who are free. The Disciples 
have done their part in building up religious education, temperance 
reform, and latterly have taken a better part in missionary work. 
There is youthful enthusiasm and passionate loyalty in our ranks. 

The prophet who would speak to our people cannot forever ex- 
pose our sins to the public gaze. He must also learn to sympa- 
thize with our better qualities and build upon these the better 
thing we should be. 

It is not because they are hberal that some men are hated ; often 
it is because they are really hard and vmsympathetic. It is 
the function of the Campbell Institute to foster a spirit among our 
educated men which is at once kindly and discriminating. We 
must speak the truth in love. 

It will be gratifying to the friends of Drake University to learn 
that the immediate necessities of the school have been provided 
for by the Men and Millions Movement. 


Chamber of Literature 


I often used to wonder why our students who went abroad to 
study chose German instead of French universities. Of course, 
one reason was the energetic propaganda of the German schools. 
Another was the ignorance which has existed in this countr}!- 
about the opportunities in the schools of France. For such ignor- 
ance there is no longer excuse. The Society for American Fellow- 
ships in French Universities has just published, under the editor- 
ship of Dean Wigmore of Northwestern University Law School 
Science and Learning m France (McClurg, 1917, .SI. 50.) 

This volume is a beautiful piece of craftmanship in book-making, 
and would cost much more if it were not endowed by the Society. 
Its purpose is to show to the American people the importance 
and the extent of the contribution of French scholarship. Each 
chapter is compiled by a committee of representative American 
scholars, and sets forth the facilities for study, laboratory and li- 
brary resources, etc, in the different French universities. For ex- 
ample. Professors Carver, Deibler, Giddings and Ross present 
France's contributionin the field of sociology. 

There are three valuable appendices, discussing educational ad- 
vantages for American students in France: the French institutions 
of higher learning, their organization, requirements, etc.; practic- 
al suggestions for intending graduate students. 

As stated in the preface, "the ultimate and cardinal mission of 
the book is an act of homage to French science." It is, however, 
more than that. It is part of a very necessary and opportune pro- 
paganda. French scholarship has certain elements that are ad- 
mirable counter-irritants to the frequent narrow over- specialization 
of German scholarship. We Americans need badly to be inoculated 
with some of the French intellectual virus, and it is to be hoped 
that it will "take", lest we fall victims to the "Nemesis of Med- 

As supplementary to this excellent book, T desire to commend 
to those who are unfamiliar with them, Barrett Wendel's France 
of Today and W. C. Brownell's French Traits, both published 
bv Scribner's. 


Chamber of Pastoral Duties 


A Pastor's Dream 

Last fall, while sleeping on a Pullman, I had a most vivid and 
terrible dream. I dreamed that I stood in the center of the city 
(which I had but shortly before left for my present city) and be- 
held a most grewsome sight. In batches of three the children of 
the city were being brought forth and hanged upon a high gallows. 
The mayor of that city was master of ceremonies and his fellow- 
commissioners were his assistants. 

My first thought when, in agonized sweat, I awoke, was: how 
glad I am that it was a dream. My second thought was: is it, af- 
ter all, a dream? In principle, the dream expressed a solemn truth, 
a literal fact. The officials of that particular city had tolerated 
vice conditions, fostered saloon sentiment, and ridden into office 
through subserviency to base interests. Do not such conditions 
bear most heavily upon children? Are they not, because of money 
spent on vice and liquor, kept out of school, underfed, under- 
clothed, compelled to go to work young, and subjected to unusually 
hard situations and temptations? Who are their real execution- 
ers? Are they not the vomers who vote for corrupt and inefficient 
men, and the office-holders, who, by pandering to vice and liquor 
interests, curse the lives of born and unborn children? My third 
thought was: gruesome and terrible as it would be, the mayors 
and councilmen (and, also, voters) of most of our cities, bj^ toler- 
ating lawlessness and vice conditions, are doing unnumbered thous- 
ands of children far more injury than if they literally hanged 

We do well to plead for the children of Belgium, northern France, 
Serbia and Poland — children, the tragic victims of the scourge of 
war. If we could keep silent, the very stones would cr}^ out in 
their behalf. But let not our pulpits remain silent while politi- 
cians are the moral executioners of the precious young lives. You 
maybe branded as an agitator, a pulpit ranter, a clerical nuisance. 
Rejoice and be exceeding glad for such denunciation "for the Son 
of man's sake" proves that your shots are going home. This age 


needs the agitator — not the wild, brainless fanatic. Cold, indeed, 
must be the preacher who can refrain from wise but fearless agi- 
tation while the children are being morally murdered. 

Chamber of Classical Languages 


As an outgrowth of the Conference on Classical Studies in 
Liberal Education, which was held at Princeton last June, has 
appeared a volume entitled The Value of the Classics (Princeton 
University Press, 1917; $1.). After a lengthy introduction on the 
"Present Outlook" by Dean A. F. West, in which the current 
situation is canvassed and the arguments pro and con are briefly 
restated, the addresses are given in full as delivered at the Con- 
ference. In no instance was the speaker pecuniarily interested in 
the cause of the Classics, a fact which obviated the possibilty of 
professional bias. Such men as Senator Lodge, the editors of the 
New York Tribune and the Sun, scientists who have been presidents 
of various learned societies of national scope., educators, and men 
of affairs were present and declared their faith in classical studies 
and a mighty protest against the possibility of their being displac- 
ed from their present position. Nearly 250 pages of "statements" 
follow from representatives of fourteen branches of study and ac- 
tivity, including Presidents Wilson, Taft, Roosevelt and Cleve- 
land. The final chapter deals with statistics. Prof. Adriance of 
the Department of Economics and Statistics at Princeton contri- 
butes an especially interesting feature here ; he had examined Dr. 
Flexner's deductions from the statistics of the College Entrance 
Examination Board with reference to classical teaching and de- 
clares that the figures have been "misused in a very extraordin- 
ary way." Mr. Flexner made an "improper selection from the 
data at hand," and created a "quite erroneous impression." The 
whole volume constitutes a store-house of up-to-date information 
and an invaluable addition to ever}'^ classical library. 

Nullum est jam dictum quod non dictum sit prius (Terence). 

Pereant qui ante nos nostra dixerunt (Hieronymus). 


Chamber of Systematic Theology 


New Ideas Concerning God 

Christendom seems to have entered its Goetierdamerung. Ger- 
many alone seems to be finding its old God-ideas serviceable, — 
amended, it is true by appropriate infusions of Jehovism and 
Allahism. It is an indication of how thoroughly Chistianity as an 
ethical religion has penetrated the thought of the allied democra- 
cies that even in the stress of this war there has been no appreci- 
able revival of Old Testament Jehovism, (except in the guise of 
Miliennarianism) but rather the search for a God-idea bej^ond any 
the past ages of faith have attained. It is the search for a con- 
ception of God which makes Him in and of the world while yet 
competent to the needs of the world. 

It is seen now as never before how completely former ideas of 
God have been cast in the moulds of monarchial and autocratic 
politics. The essence of these ideas is that God is above and ex- 
ternal to the world, albeit able to move upon and within it with 
almighty power according to His will. Whatever exists or comes 
to pass is by His will or permission. This view suits admirably 
with the German theory of government and is really the foundation 
of that theory. Only such a God could delegate such authority as 
the Kaiser assvimes to himself as God's ordinance. But the doc- 
trine does not fit the democratic theory that power resides in the 
people and comes up from them to their chosen rulers. In the 
earlier beginnings of dem.ocracy its advocates defended their theory 
upon a religious basis which did not seem at the time to require 
a break with the theological forms of New Testament Christianity. 
They resisted the usurpations of human monarchs upon the crown 
rights of Jesus Christ and of God in the realm of conscience. Their 
revolt was, in fact, but an abridgement of the divine right of kings, 
and not, at first, an attack upon the doctrine itself. But the revolt 
could not stop there. It has advanced to the complete rejection 
of the vv^hole theory of absolutism, and today we have the dissolu- 
tion of the fundamental theological ideas upon which the out-lived 
political and social theories rested. 


The democratic conception of God is yet inchoate and tentative, 
but in essence it is the direct antithesis of the autocratic idea 
God is held to be in and of the world as the immanent and direc- 
tive life of the sum total of reality. The world itself is growing 
and God is struggling in its struggles, advancing with its 
advance, afflicted with its afflictions, joying with its joys, doing 
the best he can in it and for it, and, upon the whole, doing well. 

It is not altogether easy to see how this view consists Vvith the 
Christianity of the New Testament formallj^ considered, and one 
may miss some of the values which seem to have inhered in the 
old absolute conception. Indeed, no harmonization is possible if 
one is determined to retain the theological framework of the New 
Testament Christianitj^ as indispensable to its spiritual and ethi- 
cal power. It is only when one recognizes that spiritual and ethi- 
cal Christianity is not bound to those tlieological symbols suited 
to monarchical and absolutist society, that he can see some real 
inner connection between modern democracy and Christianity 
— the Christianity of Jesus. 

What, then, does Jesus' personal religion reveal with reference 
to the nature, being and power of God? Does it reveal the calm 
and passionless Deity of a platonized or stoicized theology? Is 
God throned afar witnessing languidly the struggles of the world? 
Is he a God of sheer omnipotence and omniscience lacking nothing 
to be the world's saviour except the undivided and energetic will 
to save? When one studies the religious speech of Jesus — and all 
his speech was religious rather than theological — -he will be sur- 
prised to find how little of the strictl^y theological terminology of 
his day Jesus found it necessary to employ in his religious minis- 
try, and how little he made of any merely formal idea. Take, for 
example, Jesus' conviction with reference to the power of God and 
what it could and would accomplish. Surely he did not feel that 
sheer power could or would be used of God to break down the hu- 
man will or to promote moral ends. Is not this the teaching of 
the account of his temptation in the wilderness and upon the 
mount? The whole method of Jesus reveals a view of God as one 
who struggles with and in man for the development of moral and 


spiritual life. His view of past ages of historj' is that God has 
been working — just as now he himself works. "I if T be lifted up 
will draw all men unto me." 

Perhaps Jesus was not so independent of the thought forms of 
his day as to be able to conceive of God as actually growing and 
advancing with the struggles and growth of the world. Perhaps 
a God incomplete and immature would have seemed? to him inad- 
equate to the world's need. I say perhaps, because we in fact have 
so little upon which to base a judgement of Jesus' inner conscious- 
ness with reference to such questions. But we are living in a per- 
iod two thousand years later than Jesus' day. We are in posses- 
ion of the fruitful results of far-reaching studies in nature and his- 
tory which compel us to face questions upon which he has given 
us no specific and direct hght. One of these problems and the 
greatest of them all is just this of reconciling our faith in the good 
God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, with the facts of a world 
in which we are not at present able to recognize Him as absolute. 

No one is inclined to be dogmatic here. We are all reduced to 
humility if we have any conception of the magnitude and difficulty 
of the problem. Personally, I feel that one can easilj^ overdo the 
idea of the relativity of God until he becomes absolutely relative 
and negligible. I would prefer a treatment which makes him rela- 
tively absolute; and believe this would be more in accord with the 
facts of life viewed in a broad evolutionary manner. We must be- 
ware lest our theology ministers to pessimism. 

I would like to call attention to a vigorous little volume Do We 
Need a New Idea of God, by Edmund H. Reeman, George W. 
Jacobs and Co., Philadelphia, SI. 00 net. It frankly advocates the 
ideas popularized by Wells and others, and goes more deeply 
into the implications of them. 

Chas. M. Sharpe has been granted a year's furlough by the Dis- 
ciples' Divinity House to engage in Y. M. C. A. work in France. 
He expects to leave some time in March. We shall hope to hear 
from him when he gets on the field. 



The Ethics of Tolerance 

Thru the kindness of one of the men of the church here I had 
my attention called to an article by Mr. Odell in the Atlantic 
Monthly for February, titled, "And Peter Sat By the Fire Warm- 
ing Himself." Mr. Odell is distressed by the tolerant attitude and 
the lack of an aggressive spiritual leadership on the part of the 
christian ministry during the years 1914 till now. Let us take 
him as kindly and with real honest interest and ask what is the 
fundamental matter lying back of his own distress and the wide 
spread yearning for a voice that shall be as the voice of God to 
Humanity. For this voice men have had the habit of looking to 
the church, and the church has encouraged the habit. Why, then, 
do some feel a betrayal now? There come to mind four items that 
have caused the church to build up an ethics of tolerance and to 
lose its keen edge regarding the matters of social justice. 

There is the doctrine of the natural and the supernatural which 
gives to us a mean estimate of the worth of human work and at- 
tainments and allows them only a temporal significance, a sand 
house built on the shore between tides. 

Further, there is the doctrine of an early return of the personal 
Jesus who will then set up his ovai order of righteonsness. And 
all of man's work that shall go into it shall be only his faith and 
expectations and willingness regarding the kingdom that Jesus will 
set up. 

The punitive and backward-looking character of our conception 
and practice of justice as between the indvidual and the State, or 
as between Nations, is another significant fact. 

Many have held to a sort of laissez faire theory based on a 
faith in the good and ever forward going natural order, or a blind 
or selfish assertion in the face of facts, that ail that is, is good. 

Now not one of these items appeals to the modern mind as true. 
The acceptance of an evolution by trial and error, the doctrine of 
democracy, the belief in the inter-relations of all things, the esti- 
mate of man's work as eternally significant and of highest worth. 


social readjustment and the forward-looking character of justice, 
would all seem to tend to demand a constructive ethics rather than 
an ethics of tolerance. There would be allowed only that 
tolerance which is part of and native to a program 
and plan of positive life, a tolerance of disdain and judgemental 
discarding of impossible methods and means of doing the positive 
task in hand. 

The deadlock in the world situation and the yearning in men's 
hearts for a voice as of God to all men demand a third-party, im- 
partial, forward-looking and aggressive message, and one that shall 
come with prestige. That we have an ethics of tolerance seems 
clear from the fact that we are fearful of every creative movement, 
and treat them as disturbers and evil doers among men. We seem 
to organize life along the lines of suppression and static control 
rather than along the lines of expression, growth and guidance. 
And thus justice has been the bits to patch the past rather than 
the new cloth of the better future. 

What seems to be needed, then, is a creative humanitarian ethics, 
a constructive attitude toward the social process giving a spirit 
quick to detect and ready to condemn with active indignation 
those forces that hold back and destroj'. Only this sort of atti- 
tude and purpose produces a real spiritual leadership. 

Chamber of Education 


War and Education 

War has a decided tendency to monopolize the attention of the 
nation engaged in its pursuit. Among the lines of human activity, 
education is the first to suffer. The young men who are prepar- 
ing themselves for their life work are the first to realize the needs 
of the war situation and the first to offer their services to their 
country. This war has already greatly effected the educational 
system. Universities and colleges, especially have suffered in en- 
rollment and many have practically become ladies' seminaries. The 
high school has felt the pressure but not to so great a degree. Even 


in the grades there is a tendency for boys to drop out and engage in 
gainful occupations on account of the demand for labor to supply 
the places of those called to serve in the army. 

With the possibility that education may be neglected, it be- 
hooves educators and the government to put forth every effort to 
keep the educational facilities unimpaired and to continue 
educational progress. The indications are that this program is 
being carried out in our country. The war is teaching the need 
of education as it has never been taught before. The national 
government is now taking a greater part in educational develop- 
ment. The activities of the Department of Agriculture in fostering 
vocational and industrial education and of the Bureau of Educa- 
tion in carrying out its plan for the betterment of the rural schools 
are evidences of the present interest and trend in educational affairs. 

Educational institutions are making many modifications to 
adjust their work to the new conditions. The Association of 
Presidents of State Universities has recommended the return to the 
quarter system as affording better opportunities to young people, 
who might need to spend a part of their time in productive ac- 
tivity, especially in agriculture. Greater attention is being paid 
to history. American historical scholars have organized a National 
Board for Historical Service, which will serve to develop historical 
activities and furnish accurate imformation regarding the war and 
its antecedents. Greater emphasis than ever is placed upon the 
teaching of patriotism and the schools are now active centers 
for war propaganda. The lessons of thrift, food conservation and 
mercy form a large part of the present educational program. 

An Iivitation 

The Campbell Institute Bulletin is a free forum of opinion 
for our members. Neither orthodoxy nor heresy has any preferen- 
tial treatment for truth does not need a wet nurse. Criticisms of 
previous articles may be sent by any one who can stand the recoil. 
Especially do we want to encourage our younger men to write for 
writing increases the audience of every man who achieves an effec- 
tive style. Send in some good constructive idea expressed in three 
or four hundred words. It will receive fair treatment. 



Chamber of Sociology 


The War and Eutopia 

One of the most interesting contributions to the literature of 
the World War, which I have met recently, is a book just pub- 
lished by the University of Chicago Press entitled The Millennial 
Hope: a Phase of War-Time Thinking. The author is Shirley J. 
Case, professor of early Christian histor>' and new testament in- 

If there is one thing more than another which distinguishes 
man from the brute creation it is his disposition to live in the 
future rather than in the present; to seek and find, in his dreams 
of a better world, an escape from the evils of his actual existence. 
One of the most persistent of these dreams that have haunted the 
imagination of mankind is that described as "the millennial hope." 
This book is a sketch, a sort of natural history, of that idea or ideal. 

Without attempting to tell us its precise origin, Mr. Case de- 
scribes the different forms this myth has taken in the history of 
tlie Jewish people; the circumstances under which it was trans- 
mitted from the Jewish to the Christian tradition, and the condi- 
tions under which it has again and again, up to the present day, 
been revived. 

It is evident that this hope could not have persisted and with- 
stood so many disappointments if it had not social foundation and 
did not respond to some deep-seated need of human nature. It is 
clearly a case of one of those illusions which Vernon Lee has de- 
scribed in her book "Vital Lies", by which human nature has so 
often helped itself to live in a world for which reason seemed to af- 
ford no adequate justification and from which existing knowledge 
offered no exit. 

In all the darkest periods of man's existence he has always found 
comfort and solace in a vision of some Eutopia to which, he allowed 
himself to believe, he would somehow be miraculously transported. 
The Millennialists are like all the other social dreamers in this 
respect. They are like those Marxian socialists, the ''final crisisers" 
as their fellow-socialists sometimes call them, who are just now 


seeking their Eutopia in Russia, through the miracle of a general 
social uprising and revolution. 

The analogy is sufficiently complete to make the moral of the 
book apply equally to the present day millennialists in the United 
States and the Bolchiviki in Russia. This moral may be stated in 
the form of a question: 

'"Are the ills of society to be righted bj^ an early and sudden 
destruction of the present world, or is permanent relief to be 
secured only by a gradual process of strenuous endeavor covering 
a long period of years?" 

Here as elsewhere mysticism seems to be merely a method of 
escaping the labor of clear thought and intelligent action. 

What is Happening to *Trogress'* 

Generous friends have made it possible for the Editorial com- 
mittee to place a copy of Progress in most of the theological 
schools of America. This will help the oncoming generations of 
students to form a juster estimate of the Disciples. Our men 
would do well to place the book in local public libraries where an 
better interpretation needs to be given the people. 

Especially noteworthy is the action of Mr. H. M. Merriwether, 
of Kansas City — a lawyer not in the Institute membership — who 
sent out a dozen copies to preacher friends with his compliments. 
He has set a good example to our cooperating members. 

Meanwhile, there are still Institute members who have not or- 
dered the book. Have we any members too conservative to read 
the book? Or is the seeming lack of interest due to "economic 


The officers of the Institute will hold a meeting at an early date 
to discuss the plans for the next annual meeting. Members are 
invited to send in suggestions to any of the officers, which will be 
given due consideration. 


News Notes 


George A. Campbell has begun his new work at the Union 
Avenue Christian church of St. Louis, in which he was formally 
installed on Feb. 10th. His successor at Hanibal, Mo., will be C. 
H. Winders, who leaves Indianapohs after a pastorate of approx- 
imately ten years. 

Edgar DeWitt Jones has begun a month's religious activity in 
the armj^ cantonments of Texas. 

Dr. Hugh T. Morrison of Springfield, 111., is continuing his work 
in the various camps of the country, speaking under the auspices 
of the Y. M. C. A. on the general theme of sex life. On the oc- 
casion of his recent four days' visit to the Great Lakes Naval 
Training Station, he made impression upon every group of '"Jackies" 
to which he spoke, and everywhere he was given an enthusiastic 

Carl A. Burkhardt has bean at Plattsburg, Mo., for three months 
as pastor of the Christian church. 

James E. Wolfe has been at Independence, Mo., for three 
months. He has been chosen as one of the war speakers of his 
district by the Public Information Bureau. As for his church 
work, he is just now especially interested in the church's decision 
to install a complete visible card filing system, and to put all re- 
cords on a thoroughly business-like basis. His calendar has on the 
first page, — not a cut of the church —but an American flag. 

Graham Frank, of Central church, Dallas, Texas, is distributing 
the minutes of the last session of the General Convention, contain- 
ing the new constitution of the International Convention of the 
Disciples of Christ. 

E. S. Ames has organized the material in the Psychology of Re- 
ligion for correspondence work in connection with the American 
Institute of Sacred Literature. 

W. G. Winn has been given a three hundred dollar raise of sal- 
ary recently from the Irving Park church. 

The Disciples' Congress will be held in Indianapohs this spring, 
the week following Easter. F. E. Lumley is secretary. 


John Ray Ewers is spending a month in the south, speaking at 
various army cantonments. 

Cecil J. Armstrong has been on the sick Ust. He spent the first 
two weeks of February recuperating at Lake Forest, 111., where his 
daughter is a college student. 

Earle Marion Todd is at present director of social service and 
pastor of the community church at Harlington, Tex. 

William A. Crowley is at present with the central division of tlie 
American Red Cross, working with the Bureau of Development. 

W. F. Rothenberger, after a ten year pastorate in Cleveland, 
has gone to First Church, Springfield, 111. This is one of the old- 
est and strongest Disciple churches in Illinois. 

C. H. Winders has been acting as emergency war pastor at 
Camp Shelby, Miss. 

H. L. Willett was university preacher at Columbia on Febru- 
ary 17; in the evening of the same day he addressed a large gath- 
ering at Cooper Union on the subject, "The War and America." 

Charles 0. Lee's new address is 847 Colton Street, Indianapolis. 
He is engaged in social service work, the chief phase of which is 
the superintendency of Flanner House. 

Chas. J. Ritche}^ has been supplying vacant pulpits in Chicago 
and he has preached recently in Monroe Street and North Shore 

Perry J. Rice was welcomed to Chicago with a big Social Union 
Dinner March 4. 0. F. Jordan was toastmaster. 

O. F. Jordan will deliver his lecture "The Soul of a Boy," before 
the Woman's Club March 12. This will be the third presentation 
of this address in Evanston in a few months. It is a popular, 
though not unscientific study of boy behaviour at different stages. 

Asa McDaniel has resigned at Rensselaer, Indiana, but has not 
not accepted new work yet. 

The new tract "The Disciples of Christ" is meeting with favor. 
A special Chicago edition was distributed at the Perry J. Rice din- 
ner. They are mailed one dollar for fifty. Send your order to 0. 
F. Jordan. 

Campbell 3n0titute JSulletm 



One by one, like leaves from a branch, 
All my faiths have forsaken me; 
But the stars above my head 
Burn in white and delicate red. 
And beneath my feet the earth 
Brings the sturdy grass to birth. 
I who was content to be 
But a silken-singing tree. 
But a rustle of delight 
In the wistful heart of night,"! 
I have lost the leaves that knew 
Touch of rain and weight of dew. 
Blinded by a leafy crown 
I looked neither up nor down — 
But the little leaves that die 
Have left me room to see the sky; 
Now for the first time I know 
Stars above and earth below. 

Sara Teasdale. 
From The New Poetry, Macmillan. 

110 ■ '^' ■ 

Editorial Notes 

The war is the big thing these days and most of us find ourselves 
talking about it, no matter what subject we are discussing. Our 
different department editors are invited to discuss the German 
contribution in the field of scholarship. Without desiring to deny 
the worth of German scholarship, is the popular estimate in Amer- 
ica of German achievement not exaggerated? Several of our edi- 
tors will answer this question from the standpoint of their depart- 
ments in the next few months. Attention should be given the 
interesting suggestion of Dr. Park in this issue. 

The preacher faces the question, Shall I preach about the war? 
Already the saints are complaining in some churches that the gos- 
pel has disappeared and in other churches the pews are empty, for 
the minister goes on with his sermons in blissful ignorance of this 
supreme moment in the world's history. Every sermon ought to 
take on color from the every-day life of the people and have not 
only a subject but an object as well. That will not mean present- 
ing war facts so much as meeting spiritual needs arising from war 
conditions. The church may be a great builder of morale these 
days and may furnish the motive power to accomplish many com- 
munity projects. 

A number of inquiries have come with regard to a recent edit- 
orial in the Christian Century and certain other propaganda con- 
ducted by the editor of that journal. This campaign came as a 
surprise to the officers of the Institute and to the editorial staff of 
the Bulletin and is in no senile inspired by them. At a recent 
meeting held to arrange for our annual program, this matter was 
discussed and the idea that the Institute would disband was re- 
garded as facetious. We have the habit of listening to some old 
speeches on this subject periodically, however, and we shall doubt- 
less hear them again this summer. Disbanding the Institute 
would need to be followed by the disbanding of the Disciples' Pub- 
lication Society, Transylvania University and other institutions 
ad infinitum. 

Chamber of Philosophy 


How well do I remember the stress put upon the "historical set- 
ting" by teachers of homiletics. It seems to be related to 
"historical mindedness" in the study of profane history. This 
effort to enter into historical sympathy is one to feel the kind of 
problems, the sort of efforts made to solve them, and to live over 
with them consciously as one of them the experiences of the times 
and peoples one may be studying. We are not seeking any eter- 
nally unchangable political principles. And such would seem to 
be the case with the "historical setting". We try to live through 
with them their religious life, feel its problems and take hold of 
its interests. 

This appeared more clearly to me in a position taken by Dr. 
Ames in discussing the meaning of supreme and intermediary de- 
ities. The supreme gods seem to be originally in the position of 
the intermediary ones. But as the "historical setting" of the now 
supreme gods became that of a past age and people they were re- 
moved spacially as well and because removed historically and 
functionally. And then there were accepted for the "historical 
setting" of the present and pressing problems intermediary gods 
leading in the work of the now. We get these results by a con- 
scious modification of the God concept. We do do not ask what 
sort of intermediary the supreme gods need to work in the here 
and the now, but we ask, "Do we Need a New Idea of God?" 

Or may the whole matter be likened to a play on the stage? If 
the play is one to give us the life of past times and peoples we 
have a "stage setting" dragged in from those times and looking 
like a real, every-day life situation of such times. We note a lot 
of "scenery" to make us at home in the times. We need to get 
"the historical setting", "historical mindedness." And when the 
play is over all this equipment and setting is put away in the 
stock room or trunks and kept there till we want to give another 
play, or shipped to the next town to put on the play there. How 
different from the every-day work shop and life settings, values 
and interests of the now. 


Is religion a play with a lot of stage equipment, scenery, cur- 
tains to be lowered or raised just at the psychological time, lights 
to be turned on or off for effects? Or is it a matter of the values, 
problems, interests of Ufe in and or all periods of its development? 

Any way, the matter of getting the setting is to get at a feeling 
of the realness, the worth, the vitality of religion. As the problems 
change, as interests develop, our sense of worth will cool, unless 
we become as one of those who lived in the times in which the 
things taught and done were full of meaning. Hence a certain op- 
position on the part of some who cannot feel deep and religious 
meanings in our own life. Hence a certain misunderstanding of 
those who would seek to realize on the possibilities and give a re- 
ligious backing to the values of our times. 

Chamber of Education 


"Made in Germany." 

This brand we trust has had its day. It will no longer be the 
guarantee of the best; it promises to become synonj^mous with 
the worst. For about a decade or more prior to the war the 
conviction was growing that education "Made in Germany" was 
in no sense superior to the work of our own great universities. 
The inwardness of the German kultur as revealed in the war 
must yield her a less central place in the sun. The German uni- 
versity will go into discard both because Germany has alienated 
herself from civilized peoples and because a training that lends 
itself so readily to frightfulness and so easily consorts with bar- 
barism will not suffice for the world of the near future wherein 
righteousness and humanness shall dwell. 

The new world order will not be built upon an ethics of force 
or might, on an education whose ideal is instrumental efficiency. 
After the sinking of the Lusitania Professor Royce cried out 
from the depths of his outraged soul "the German may know the 
psychology of the submarine but he does not know the psychology 
of souls." Selves in the new world order will no longer be de- 


graded and regarded as mere instruraents, agencies, or means 
toward the maintenance and perpetuitj^ of a family or ruling 
class whose right is by divine decree; they will be esteemed rather 
as of worth in themselves, as ends and not as mere means. Social 
reconstruction will be based upon the recognition of the inlierent 
worth of human beings, upon their right to self-expression, upon 
a respect for the divine urge in each to do his bit and make his life 
count. Humanness will supplant efficiency and displace chemistry 
and mechanics. 

The German mind is made to order and "made in Germany." 
Early in the war Professor Ladd contrasted the German mind and 
the human mind. Wistar, in his Pentecost of Calamity, and others 
show how history, geography, and facts in general are subverted 
to serve the German idea. An American girl in a German school 
greatly perplexed a German schoolmate. This German girl was 
taught that there are only three races in America, Germans, 
Indians, and Negroes. As this American girl was obviously not 
German, what was she? The immediate educational program 
for the new world order will be the fashioning of a mind upon the 
firm basis of truth, and fact, and right. It must be a human 
and not a German mind. 

Chamber of Old Testament 


When we read the Old Testament prophets we see that history 
is repeating itself in the present world war. So the great struggle 
and the kaiser in prophecy is a favorite theme in certain quarters. 
Some people with vivid imagination ignoring context and his- 
torical background are reading into the messages of the prophets 
predictions of the Hun and his atrocities. But there is no good 
reason to suppose that in the sermons to their generation they 
took any note of our times, even though some monarchs of the 
Assyrian and Babylonian empires have much in common with 
the emperor of Germany. 

The boasting blasphemous Prussian kaiser presents many 


striking parallels with the Assyrian Sennacherib who invaded 
Judah 701 B. C, and became the object of Isaiah's denunciaions. 
With both a treaty was nothing but a scrap of paper with no 
binding force. The oath of neither was worth the breath that 
it takes to utter it. Sennacherib as well as William tried psychology 
on his enemies. Gott mit wis is fairly balanced by the Assyrian's 
claim that Jehovah told him to go against the Holy Land and 
destroy it. He too undertook to trick his intended victims by 
means of a peace propaganda: "Make peace with me, and come 
out to me, . . . until I come and take you to a land of grain 
and new wine." Schrecklichkeit, or f rightfulness, was often used 
by the ancient king also to impress the world. He tells us (Taylor 
Cylinder III. 1-7) that when he put to death the rebel chiefs 
of Ekron he hung their corpses on poles round the city. But he 
had no desire to gain a reputation for killing unprotected women 
and babies, for he let the innocent go. Conquests of non-resisting 
Bolsheviki filled both with pride. Hear the boast of Sennacherib: 
"As one gathereth eggs that are forsaken, have I gathered all the 
earth." It seems as if William has taken many of his plans and 
not a few of his boastings from this old Assyrian. (See Isaiah 

The vaunting Hun who violates every law of God without 
qualms of conscience; who is guilty of the blackest crimes known 
to men, and yet claims world dominion by divine right, may 
well read a prophecy of his own doom in the fate of his braggart 
prototype. But to conclude that the prophet in his denunciations 
had the kaiser in mind is to do violence to every sound principle 
of interpretation. The predictive element in Old Testament pro- 
phecy is based upon the permanency of righteousness and the 
certainty of the downfall and destruction of evil. We need expect 
to find no specific predictions of far distant future events. But 
we may read the ultimate success of every righteous cause. 

Lin D. Cartwright is chairman of the state Bible school com- 
mittee of Colorado. He issues an interesting weekly bulletin for 
the Colorado schools. 


Chamber of Missions 


It is important to remember that "missions" is a very compre- 
hensive term and may include all sorts of religious promotional 
enterprises at home as well as abroad. It has seemed appropriate, 
therefore, to present here a plan which would be serviceable chiefly 
in America and for ministers. I have for some time been turning 
over in my mind the possibility of devising a plan for a circulating 
library which would make available to ministers of the Campbell 
Institute and others who might desire to participate, the latest 
books in various fields of religious literature. The idea occurred 
in thinking over the Tabard Inn Library which was an interesting 
experiment in the circulation of books of all kinds for the general 
public. It did not succeed as a financial venture, partly no doubt 
because it undertook too great a task. The idea suggested here 
is to gather a library of a hundred books or so to begin with and 
circulate them on the following terms. To become a member of 
tliis library association one would pay an annual fee of $2. Be- 
sides this he would pay the postage on each volume which he 
draws. This postage would of course be determined by the par- 
cels post rate.-;. It would be so arranged that the carton in which 
the book is mailed could be used for returning it and without even 
the trouble of addressing the package. The postage could be 
placed in the book and also the order for another volume. In this 
waj' the member would be able to have the use of books as soon as 
they are published and several months in advance of the date at 
which they appear in the city, or town libraries and in advance 
usually of the time at which they could be purchaced through the 
trade. It would also mean that for the am.ount of postage varying 
from perhaps ten to twenty cents according to the distance of the 
member from the library he could have the use of a volume which 
to buy would cost from $1 to $2. It is possible to put this plan 
into operation very quickly. A young woman of hbrary training 
and experience has looked over these suggestions and believes they 
are practical. It has also been approved by business men of ex- 
perience in the book trade. In talking it over with two or three 


members of the Institute it was so well thought of that the request 
was made to present the plan in this form to the members of the 
Institute with the hope of getting their opinion concerning it. The 
success of the project would depend obviously upon the number 
of those who would cooj^erate in it. It would seem as if there 
might be at least fifty men who would be glad to help in organ- 
izing it. If you would like to be one of that number, send in your 
name at once. It would not be the intention to limit membership 
to the members of the Campbell Institute. Rather it has been 
suggested that by starting it the members of the Institute might 
create an organization which would be of very real service to 
many ministers other than those of our circle. We have often 
desired to find ways by which our organization rould be of prac- 
tical value to the brotherhood. Perhaps nothing would be more 
in keeping with the spirit and purposes of the Institute than some 
such simple device as this for extending to larger numbers of our 
ministers the use of the latest and best religious literature. Ad- 
dress E. S. Ames, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Chamber of New Testament 


It is somewhat hazardous to forecast what the New Testament 
commentary of the future will be, though it will not be fruitless 
to offer some criticisms and suggestions. 

The conventional commentary is faulty in at least three partic- 
ulars: l)It gives undue prominence to questions dealing with iden- 
tity of author, provenance, destination, and related problems. 2)Its 
material of various types is mixed up in piecemeal fashion. The 
feeling for the book and its message as a whole is lost sight of 
in the maze of unrelated comments. 3)It presupposes a working 
acquaintance, or even a technical knowledge, of the original 
language, and consequently some skill in dealing with textual and 
critical problems. 

The first point deals chiefly with the manner of investigation, 
the second and third with presentation. Problems of authorship, 


provenance, and destination, if soluble, may be of some value in 
determining the meaning of a writing. The questions were first 
asked in an effort to establish or overthrow some standard of 
authority which had been associated with the books. Our present 
concern in essentially with the function of the writing as it circu- 
lated among its readers, and there it gets its meaning for us. For 
instance, no one need be disturbed by the uncertainty of the 
Fourth Gospel's authorship. The fact that it presents a Christian 
apologetic in terms of the widespread Logos teaching is of primary 
importance, for thus it related the Christian movement to a very 
forceful type of thought, and thereby gave the men and the 
Christianity of its circle a saving vitaHty. And incidentally, the 
fact that no New Testament books with the exception of the 
Pauline epistles, (and not all of them have clear titles), can lay 
claim to a definite authorship, does not give them any preeminence 
as interpreters of early Christianity. Other conventional problems 
are on the same plane and are sure to yield their primacy to the 
question of a book's historical function. 

As far as the patternless mosaic of commentary interp retaiion 
i ; concerned, there is little likehhood of it being championed as a 
fruitless presentation of ideas. The thought of any book is more 
continuous than the footnote comments suggest, and certainly 
more vital to the life which it expressed and influenced. 

There is no question of the necessity of the scholar having a 
knowledge of the original language, or even of the occasional ad- 
vantage to the average user of the commentary. But it is by no 
means of primary importance, and as used by most expositors is 
positive!}'' harmful in that it obscures what is more desirable, an 
understanding of the flowing and living thought of the book which 
is being studied, One should search the New Testament books in 
order to discover the historical significance of the rehgion they 
represent, and in commentaries this can be best portrayed by means 
of the reader's own language. 

The editing of a commentary is difficult because of the wide 
diversity of its readers. For the preacher and scholar alike there 
is great need of commentaries which will interpret the problems 


which the writers of the books faced and the solutions which they 
offered; while for the scholar there should be a supplementary 
treatise dealing with linguistic, textual and other technical matters. 
But the problem of combination is as yet unsolved. 

The break with the old time commentary is close at hand. The 
coming of the war and consequent difficulties of publication and 
distribution disrupted some plans for a series of commentaries in 
which it was intended to attack the problems afresh. Such work 
as_ is seen in Prof. J. M. P. Smith's book, The Prophet and his 
Problem though in the field of Old Testament, indicates what 
must constitute the body of all new commentaries. In a year, 
more or less, there will appear a two-volume work (one volume of 
which is in manuscript form at the present time) which will be 
able to supply the preacher's need better than any set of New 
Testament commentaries, and the question of original language 
will not be raised. 

The editors of the Campbell Institute Bulletin in reach of 
Chicago met recently and held conference on the policy of our 
monthly periodical. It was decided to invite the members to write 
the editor-in-chief on three matters : 

1. Would you favor a change of name from Bulletin to Scroll 
(though not involving former Scroll policies), or to some other 

2. Would 5^ou favor taking subscriptions outside the Institute 
membership, though doing so without soliciting subscriptions? 
Shall we escape the charge of being "secret" by encountering the 
charge of being propagandist? 

3. Would you favor solicitation of funds in the Institute for the 
considerable enlargement of whatever publication we issue? 

The C. I. men of Des Moines had a fellowship dinner recently 
with George Campbell as the guest of honor. The problem of the 
Institute was the theme. 


Chamber of Sociology 

A Wartime Suggestion to the Members of the Campbell 


I might introduce what I have to say on the subject of the 
war by the remark that these are momentous days, days in which 
great changes are going on in every field of hfe and thought. I 
cut this out. It has been said. 

What I should like to suggest is this: As a student of human 
affairs I should Uke to know what changes are going on in the 
minds of members of the Campbell Institute as a result of this 
war. I believe this would be information to all of us. I know, 
of course, that opinions with regard to war and peace; democracy 
and efficiency; competition and control; nationalism and inter- 
nationalism;— all these, so far as the}^ are matters of opinion, are 
at present more or less in a state of flux. 

Opinions change easily; new habits are relatively fixed and 
stable. Habits represent the routine of our lives. They are not 
the product of reflection but of action. We formulate opinions, 
l)ut we acquire habits. Opinions are often little more than the 
labels that we put on our habits. We can change the labels 
without our materially altering the habits. 

Is the war making any deep changes in our sentiments and 
attitudes? Is it merely changing the labels? 

I propose that we make an investigation of ourselves individ- 
ually and corporately, in order to learn what fundamental changes 
are going on among us. Are we actually learning anj^hing from 
this war or is it for us merely a strange and new form of excite- 

Now the way to answer this question, it seems to me, is to 
ask ourselves what we are doing this year that we did not do 
last, or the year before last? What are we doing in our churches? 
What are the members of the churches doing? 

Has there, in any of our churches been anything done — any- 
thing really new or different — to improve the national morale? 

We know what morale means by this time, I take it. It means, 


for one thing, the abiUty of the nation to act as a unit and act 
consistently. A mob acts as a unit but a mob has no morale. 
It does not act consistently and on principle. 

What has each of us, and the churches to which we belong, 
done to organize our neighborhoods and communities, in order 
to make the work that the community is doing for the war and 
the state more efficient? 

Every one is doing something. How far have our church 
organizations been able to function in the national emergency? 
Most of the war work has been done, as we know, by agencies 
outside of the churches, improvised for the purpose. 

What, finally, have our churches done to study the war and 
the situation to which it has brought us? What plans are we 
making for our churches after the war? 

It seems to me these are important questions which deserve 
to be studied. What I propose, then, is that the Campbell In- 
stitute, at the coming meeting or earlier, if possible, formulate 
plans for the investigation of these or other questions; that on 
the basis of this survey we formulate plans and suggestions for 
further action looking to a new definition of the social program 
of our churches and the role that our churches should take in the 
work of reconstruction after the war. 

My own conviction is that, if we are to get from this war 
anything that will adequately compensate us for what it will 
cost us, this v/ork of reconstruction will be very far-reaching. 
If the church fails to participate in any important way, in this 
work of reconstruction, so much the worse for tlie church. 

This is an opinion and a suggestion. 

The church of which Clarence G. Baker is pastor in Indian- 
apolis has just assumed the support of its own "Living Link", 
working under the joint control of the C. W. B. M. and the F. C. 

T. E. Winter of Philadelphia will spend the month of April in 
war work at the camp at Newport News, Va. 


Chamber of Classical Languages 

Few realize how extensive is the amount of classical literature 
wMch has come down to us. Quite apart from the almost in- 
numerable complete works, the so-called "fragments" occupy 
thousands of pages. TVTienever a word or phrase or one or more 
lines have been quoted by some ancient author from a work that 
is now lost, or whatever similar disieda membra have been pre- 
served by means of papyri finds, the remains have been carefully 
sorted into appropriate collections. Thus, in addition to the 
eleven extant comedies of Aristophanes, we have three fat volumes 
of Kock's Fragmenta Comicorum Atticorum; and in addition to 
the thirty-three extant tragedies of Aesch3dus, Sophocles, and 
Euripides, we have a large tome containing Nauck's Fragmenta 
Tragicorum Graecorum; and so on in every field of ancient Hterary 
endeavor. The tragic fragments have long been in special need 
of revision in order to accommodate recent accessions to our 
knowledge and newly discovered fragments, and this has now been 
(lone for Sophocles. The best edition of the seven extant plays 
of this tragedian is the monumental work of Jebb. He had pre- 
pared materials for an edition of the Sophoclean fragments as 
well, but death intervened. The task has now been completed 
(1917) by Prof. A. C. Pearson of Cambridge University in three 
volumes of the same format as the earlier seven. To any serious 
student of ancient dramatic Uterature this capstone to the edition 
will prove a great boon. Perhaps I may be pardoned for referring 
to the satisfaction I derive from the fact that on pp. 16f of his in- 
troduction, the editor accepts, with due acknowledgments, the 
series of conclusions concerning didascalic numerals which I pro- 
posed in Classical Philology V. pp. 1-18 in 1910. 


"The Campbell Institute is an organization of ministers of the 
Disciples' church, whose studies have deepened their admiration of 
the principles and spirit of Alexander Campbell, while their obser- 


vation of present conditions has quickened their sense of need for 
keeping abreast of all movements of thought. It is generally 
thought of among the more conservative as a very hberal body. 
This volume not only tells the story of the institute itself during 
its twenty years, but contains fourteen thoughtful papers in the 
religious field, all pitched in the key of progress. Professor Mac- 
Clintock's paper on the religious value of the fine arts opens a new 
field of thought for many readers." The Continent. 

The program of the Disciples' Congress April 10-12 is as follows: 
Wednesday — Education among the Disciples, Joseph Todd; 
Training Ministers to Meet the Needs of the World, A. W. For- 
tune; Discussion, Joseph A. Serena. Thursday — Contributions: 
of Protestant Reforms to the Church of the Future, J. D. Garri- 
son; Discussion, J. W. Underwood; Some Superstitious Survivals 
in Rural Religion, Elvin Daniels; The New Clergy, W. T. Barbre; 
Discussion, A. L. Stamper; Some Modifications of the Plea During 
the Centurj'^, E. B. Barnes; Discussion, T. W. Grafton. Friday 
— The Demand for Vital Religion, V. W. Blair; The Disciples in 
Cities, Perry J. Rice; Discussion, George A. Campbell; A Review 
of the Campbell Institute "Progress", W. C. Morro; Discussion. 


Hugh R. Davidson of White Hall, 111., has become a chaplain in 
the U. S. Navy, being at present stationed at the Hampton Roads 
Naval Training Station, 

Prof. Lee D. McLean of Bowdoin has a daughter, Laura Miriam, 
born Jan. 10. He writes of the depleted ranks of Bowdoin's stu- 
dent body, saying also that nearly all of the undergraduates are 
taking either military or naval training. 

We had hoped that at our annual meeting we might hear some- 
thing from Burris A. Jenkins in regard to his experiences last sum- 
mer but he is to return to the front again this summer, and will be 
in Europe at the time of the Institute meeting. 

Dr. H, L. Willett is using 500 copies of the tract "The Disciples 
of Christ" with the imprint of Memorial church on it. 


Clarence Reidenbach, who expects to receive his doctorate at 
Yale this spring, will succeed C. H. Winders as minister of the 
Downey Ave. church, IndianapoHs. During the greater part of 
his stay in Yale, Mr. Reidenbach has been pastor of the Congre- 
gational church at Milford, Conn. His Ph. D. thesis is on -'Pat- 
riotism as an Ethical Concept." 

About a month ago the Campbell Club at Yale met to discuss 
Mr. Morrison's editorial in the Christian Century of Feb 21, "What 
iy the Progressive Movement?" Some of the members write that 
that editorial is going to hearten a lot of men at Yale. It seems 
to have met with almost unanimous approval among the Disciples 
at New Haven. 

.J. E. Wolfe's church at Independence, Mo., was recently par- 
tially destroyed by fire. Plans are already under way for a new 
structure, and he is seeking suggestions from others who boast of 
model plants. 

The present address of Perry Rice, new city secretary of Chi- 
cago, is 4653 Maiden Place. 

David H. Shields of Kokomo spent the month of March in re- 
ligious work in Camp Shelby, Hattisburg, Miss. J. R. Ewers of 
Pittsburg recently spent a month in similar work at Camp Han- 
cock, Augusta, Ga. Edgar D. Jones of Bloomington, 111., has been 
at San Antonio, Tex., on a like mission. 

Letters have recently been sent to all of our members announc- 
ing the twenty-second annual meeting of the Institute for July 23 
-25. At the present writing the following members have already 
signified their intention of being present: C. J. Armstrong, W. H. 
Trainum, W. B. Bodenhafer, W. E. Duncan, E. A. Henry, F. A. 
Henry, W. E. Gordon, C U. ColUns, W. C. Macdougall, W. D. 
MacClintock, J. E. Wolfe, G. A. Peckhara, 0. F. Jordan, C. J. 
Ritchey, J. L. Lobingier. Others are still uncertain. By 
the time the Bulletin goes to press, many other answers will 
undoubtedly have reached the Secretary. Do not hesitate to sug- 
gest a subject for a paper you are willing to read, on some topic 
related to the general theme, "The Church and the War". 

Have you paid your dues? 


O. B. Clark has been in demand during the winter and spring 
for a number of lectures. He gave a two week's series of lectures 
to the men of the national army at the cantonment at Des Moines 
on "The Growth of Germany and Germany's Ambitions." He 
addressed the Des Moines ministerial Association, March 4, on 
"The Third Term Idea in American Politics", and during the 
month of March is giving a series of lectures in Drake on "Histor- 
ical Criticism." This latter is part of the popular lecture course 
given at the university during the year under the direction of Her- 
bert Martin of the Department of Philosophy. 

Perry J. Rice preached during Holy Week in Evanston church 
of which 0. F. Jordan is pastor. His sermons were interpretations 
of the character of Jesus. 

Herbert Martin is the retiring president of the University Club 
of Des Moines. It goes without saying that the club has had a 
good year and under efficient leadership has taken on new life. 
At the annual meeting on March 7, the guest and speaker was 
Major General E. H. Plummer of the cantonment at Des Moines. 

T. C. Clark is coming into a much deserved recognition as a 
poet. His verses appear in many of the religious journals and 
in some of the big eastern magazines. 

D. W. Morehouse lectured before the Jewish soldier's club, the 
Des Moines branch of the B'nai B'rith recently on astronomical 
achievements, accompanying the lecture with slides. Other Insti- 
tute men will foUow, each with a lecture: Clark, GoUghtly, Kirk, 
Martin, and Norton. 

Dr. Willett's popularity as a speaker is indicated by the fact 
that he was called to Evanston three times in two weeks for spec- 
ial addresses to different organizations. 

Herbert Martin preaches regularly for the church at Pleasant- 
ville, Iowa, to the delight and edification of the denizens of that 
county seat. 

One of the features of the Congress in Indianapolis will be a re- 
view of Progress by Professor Morro. 

Three Institute men in Des Moines have sons in the army, A. 
D. Veatch, S. Kirk, and O. B. Clark. 

Campbell Sngtttute Bttlletm 



I saw the spires of Oxford 

As I was passing by, 
The gray spires of Oxford 

Against the pearl-gray sky. 
My heart was with the Oxford men 

Who went abroad to die. 

The years go fast in Oxford, 
The golden years and gay, 

The hoary colleges looked down 
On careless boys at play. 

But when the bugles sounded war 
They put their games away. 

They left the peaceful river. 
The cricket-field, the quad. 

The shaven lawns of Oxford, 
To seek a bloody sod — 

They gave their merry youth away 
For country and for God. 

God rest you, happy gentlemen, 
Who laid your good lives down. 

Who took the khaki and the gun 
Instead of cap and gown. 

God bring you to a fairer place 
Than even Oxford town. 

Winifred M. Letts. 


The review of Progress by Professor Morro at the Disciples' 
Congress was in many ways the most interesting event of the 
session. One can see the Professor taking his pen in hand with a 
grim determination to be fair. At the same time he brings to his 
task a mind which has lived in the atmosphere of suspicion which 
our Cincinnati journal (and other journals) have found it popular 
to endender with regard to the Institute. 

We think Professor Morro has in most regards succeeded in giv- 
ing a fair review. He has not hunted heresy where it does not exist, 
though he has rightly called attention to certain features of the 
book which diverge from majority opinion among the Disciples.; 

The disappointing feature in the review, and the one which is not 
altogether disingenuous, is his effort to raise suspicion of the In- 
stitute having designs upon the brotherhood in the way of claiming 
leadership. His analogy of the Jesuits in the CathoUc church was 
not friendly, to say the least, for the word has bad connotations. 
The membership list of the Institute, which is public property,, 
ought to answer any suggestion of Jesuitical trickery. 

The Institute does claim to be fundamentally a Disciple institu- 
tion, though it has some members who are not Disciples. It does 
have interests larger than, the service of its own members, for it 
believes that in bringing its membership to a larger efficiency, it 
will indirectly promote the welfare of the larger organization of 
which they are members. Few of the small group organizations 
of the world acquire outstanding leadership. 

Were not the production of real books such a rare event among 
us owing to the gas attacks which are made on all but conservative 
writers, there would be no suggestion that the publication of matter 
for public use by the Institute constituted a claim to leadership. 
Unless Progress is an unanswerable book, and we do not think it is 
at all, neither the book nor the organization that publishes it will 
will ever seat its writers on thrones of power. 

Professor Morro has rendered a real service, however, in raising 
the question of the function of the small organization within the 
greater. Would he have the large organization forbid absolutely 


the principal of small groups'' We hope our sociologists will make 
a statement on the function of small group organizations. 

Ibsen in his strong play An Enemy of the People shows the dan- 
gers that may befall a liberal party. A town in Norway depends 
upon its baths. A liberal phj'sician of the town discovers that the 
water supply of the baths is poluted. Faced with economic loss, 
the liberal party sides with the conservative mayor and mobs the 
offending physician. It is so easy in church situations to warn 
men with ideas about getting in the road of practical interests. 
It is even possible, as Ibsen says, for a hberal movement to become 
treacherous to its own cause and the worst obstruction in the world 
of progress. Only free speech and free investigation will save any 
movement from such a fate. If a religious movement has no other 
function than to raise and expend money, talking is an activity 
tliat must be directed wholly to the end in view. If the business of 
religion is to furnish a life program for our ever-changing conditions, 
we must hear things at times which depart from the old shibboleths. 

The war books are coming in an ever increasing flood. Of trench 
stories, we have a great plenty. Of more thoughtful productons 
which will outlive the war, we have too few. So far as we know, 
the only book produced by a Disciple is Burris Jenkins' Facing the 
Hindenburg Line which is mentioned in the lists of effective report- 
ing of conditions at the front. As others of our men go to the front, 
we shall hope that their impressions and reflections will be put in 
permanent form. One does not need to say that the men at the 
front have something else to do than write books most of time. 

The decision of the committee to hold our next national conven- 
tion in St. Louis is commendable. We need the convention, but 
it ought to be kept on a basis which will require the minimum of 
expense. A sane war program would be to keep the conventions 
in the center of strength during the war and avoid any campaign for 
numbers. Less than a thousand people have any sort of partic- 
ipation in our national conventions in actual fact and there is no 
point just now in encouraging the attendance of mere sight- seers. 
Some denominations will omit their national meetings but this 
seems like an extreme course not yet justified by the conditions. 


Democracy in China 

There is a question in connection with the relation between 
foreigners and Chinese which is of the greatest practical impor- 
tance. To what extent can we, as Christians, believing in democ- 
racy, differentiate between classes in our mission work? This 
question must be met on every oriental mission field, and there 
will probablj' always be a rather sharp divergence of opinion 
about it. Our answer to this question will probably determine 
also, our answer to the question, What shall we do about class 
distinctions within the Church? To take one of the commonest 
and most vexing questions. Can we expect an educated Chinese 
gentleman to become a member and have fellowship with a con- 
gregation consisting almost entirely of illiterate laborers? If not, 
ought we to encourage the organization of class churches? Such a 
program means that the churches for the lower classes cannot hope 
to be self-supporting. It means also that the spirit of fraternity 
which characterized the primitive church and which constituted a 
great part of its dynamic will be lacking. It means the adoption 
of a policy which has never been successful. Nevertheless the 
fact remains that probably never since the first centuries has there 
been a democratic church for any considerable length of time in 
any place except the United States, and it was possible there only 
because social distinctions were not considered important. At 
present, however, at least in urban centers in America, we already 
have class churches, and the tendency to develop such churches is 
ever stronger. In other words, it is only rarely that an educated, 
cultured American belongs as an active, democratic member to a 
congregation consisting predominantly of illiterate laborers, 
especially if he lives in a city or a section of the country where 
social class distinctions are emphasized. If democracy is disappear- 
ing from American churches, can we hope to develop a democratic 
church in this country in which social status is of such tremendous 
importance? The question is a most practical and pressing one. 
In the actual situation in which we find ourselves, what are we to 
do about the doctrine of human brotherhood— which the Chinese 


in common with us Christians have so long held and so little prac- 

I confess that I am unable to give a satisfactory answer, but as 
a student of sociology lam convinced that social classes will re- 
main an inevitable part of human society. Just as we have 
changed our belief in the equality of men to a belief that all men 
are entitled to equality of opporhimty, so we must restate our 
tlieory of democracy in such a way as to recognize the fact that 
men do belong to different classes. .Just as there is differentiation 
of Function in the biological organism, so there is differentiation of 
function in society, and it is inevitable that men shall in their re- 
ligious and social interests be more or less closely identified with 
the group with which they are identified in their daily occupations. 
In the e?.r\y church there was developed a supreme interest which 
overwhelmed all other interests, namely, an intense mutual love 
and a vivid faith in the immediate second advent, and so the slave 
could be the bishop and his master the laj^man in the same con- 
gregation. To-day Christianity does not constitute that supreme 
interest in the life of the average western Christian. Can we hope 
to have it constitute such an interest in the lives of the Chinese 
Christains? I hope for the time when Christianity shall so possess 
tlie world that it may be possible. It is said that in the trenches 
professor and peasant meet and fraternize on the basis of common 
manhood for a common cause, and both are greatly benefitted in 
the process,— and men are predicting a reconstructed democracy 
as a result of the war. Be that as it ma}', I believe that there is 
to come in the immediate future a period of social reconstruction 
analagous to the period of mechanical invention just past. 

However, most of us feel that even political democracy, which, 
in form at least, is easiest of all to realize, is still remote in China. 
Can we hope, then, in the immediate future, for a church in which 
social democracy shall prevail in the midst of a society in which 
social status is so absolutely fundamental? In such a hope history 
is against us. Even in T?ome th.e church became powerful only 
with the downfall of the Empire and its social structure. In mis- 
sion fields where large results have been achieved, a low state of 


culture has prevailed and social classes have not been sharply dif- 
ferentiated, or else the Christian movement has gripped only the 
lower classes. I believe history proves, however, that until the 
middle classes are largely influenced at least, little real progress is 
made in christianizing a nation. In view of all this, it seems to 
me that we most certainly cannot ignore class distinctions, and 
that we should probably recognize them more in the future than 
we have done in the past. Most especially I believe we should di- 
erect our most earnest efforts to the winning of the middle class. 

"It is an arrogant, pushing thing, crowding itself into the thrones 
where it has no right. ... Is not the whole sum of the matter 
this, that orthodoxy as a principle of action or a standard of be- 
lief is obsolete and dead? It is not that the substance of orthodoxy 
has been altered, but that the very principle of orthodoxy has been 
essentially disowned. It is not conceivable now that any council, 
however ecumenically constituted, should so pronounce on truth 
that its decrees should have any weight with thinking men, save 
what might legitimately seem to belong to the character and wis- 
dom of the persons who composed the council. Personal judge- 
ment is on the throne, and will remain there, — personal judgement 
enlightenened by all the wisdom, past or present, which it can 
summon to its aid, but forming finally its own conclusions and 
standing by them in the sight of God, whether it stands in a great 
company or stands alone." Phillips Brooks. 

Jasper T. Moses, who is now principal of the Centennial High 
school at Pueblo, Col., will return to the work of the ministry 
this spring at the close of the school year. He has held a pastorate 
at Carlsbad, New Mexico and has done considerable supply work 
since he has been teaching. He had expected to return to the mis_ 
sion work in Mexico but under the present political conditions 
this is impossible. He is an old newspaper man and has specialized 
in religious publicity and religious education. 


Chamber of Pastoral Duties 


The Contagion of Depression 

''There is indeed, in this long monotonous war, an epidemic, 
not considered of any importance by the medical profession, but 
striking none the less. The French use the word cafard to describe 
it. Have you heard of it? 'It is a definitely morbid state' — 
writes Pierre MiUe — 'and it comes from the continued pressure of 
despondency which ends by producing a real contagious illness.' " 
(/n the Heart of the Tragedy, by E. Gomez Carrillo, p. 40.) 

The English equivalent for cafard is spleen. It is produced by 
*'nights spent in the trenches, continuous bombardments, weari- 
ness and ennui, sudden surprises," It attacks men of all the 
armies from the gay Frenchman to the warm blooded Anzac. In 
Germany it has wrought great havoc. 

One interesting feature is that it becomes "a real contagious 
illness." It may be epidemic — just as fainting may become epi- 
demic in a high school, or coughing in a crowed auditorium. 

Is this not suggestion of the contagion of mental attitudes in our 
national life today? This long monotonous war, especially with 
the Germans gaining, as at the present, on the western front, is 
apt to produce a depression — a spleen — that, unless each resists 
may become a contagion of melancholy forboding that will weak- 
en our national effort. On the other hand, to be optimistic, buoy- 
ant and fearless now will not only be a fine antidote for the pro- 
german poison, but, also, a contagion of patriotism that will 
strengthen the national morale. 

Right here the pulpit has a great function and a splendid mis- 
sion. To resist the millennarianism, pro-germanism and all that 
would oppress and depress the spirit ; to reveal the righteousness 
of the war, the glory of sacrifice, the certainty of ultimate victory, 
and to exalt the glorious ideals of democracy that for security 
must rest upon Divine Fatherhood; to bring home to the people 
the conviction of God; to show that sacrifice, not hatred, will win 
the war; — this is to replace cafard with sound national health, the 
contagion necessary to final victory. The men at the front will 


never lose this war. "Keep the home fires burning." 

Chamber of Classical Languages 

I have long entertained an ambition of having a Sunday School 
class which would study the New Testament in original Greek. 
Last autumn this ambition had an oppurtunity of being reahzed. 
The chance came in the collegiate department of the University 
church here in Evanston, which of course is of the Methodist per- 
suasion. The class will meet three or four times yet but is nearly 
enough a thing of the past to permit me to write of its achievements. 
The aggregate enrolment was a score, but I never actually had so 
many lined up at any one time. The maximum attendance was 
fourteen. Nearly all were entirely innocent of a knowledge of 
Greek and were apparently glad of an opportunity to learn a little 
of the language; but many of these dropped out in a week or two 
when it was brought home to them that in spite of its being a 
Sunday School class they were really expected to work a little. 
One or two others were already takmg elementary Greek in college, 
and as many more had had more or less of it some semesters before. 
Naturally the last two groups proved the more steadfast. We 
began with Nunn's Elements of New Testament Greek (Cambridge 
University Press, 1914) and completed twenty-one of its lessons or 
about half the book. In January we began Mark's gospel in the 
original. For this purpose we used Drew's edition (Sanborn and 
Co.), which is provided with notes and a special vocabulary like an 
ordinary classical text for secondary schools. We shall probably 
cover somewhat more ihan half of this. For seventeen brief sessions 
of the class I consider this a creditable showing. Though the 
results were not all that I had dreamed, I feel satisfied and am 
glad that the chance was offered me. The students who have per- 
severed to the end express themselves as well pleased with their 
progress, and even those who only came once or twice seem to 
think that learning the Greek alphabet and a few roots was well 
worth what it cost them. The officers of the department are frank 


in stating that their expectations have been exceeded. 

Chamber of Old Testament 


The history of Old Testament interpretation reveals some rare 
gems. In many of them it is easy to see that the exegete had 
little regard for the text and still less for the context. Sometimes 
prejudice, or an untenable philosophy, forces stange meanings on 
Scripture. Rashi, to remove the stigma of lying from the patriarch 
Jacob, explains his reply to Isaac in Genesis 21: 19 as follows: "I 
am (the one bringing it to thee), but Esau is thy first-born." In 
verse 24 the moral difficulty is removed for Rashi because Jacob 
did not say, "I am Esau" but simply "I". According to Rashi's 
philosophy it was impossible for this old saint to be a liar. We 
know that Jacob not only could but did lie like many another an- 
other ancient Semitic gentleman. 

In Rashi's commentary on Deuteronomy Rabbi Meir claims 
Mosaic authorship for the closing verses of the book, because 
"this book of the law" (Deut. 31: 16) must mean the entire Pen- 
tateuch. So God dictated and Moses wrote weeping as he wrote. 
Rabbi Le\'i ben Hama (Babylonian Talmud. Berachoth 5a) inter- 
terprets Ex. 24 : 12 to make it serve as proof that the Law, Pro- 
phets and Hagriography, and both Mishna and Gemara were de- 
livered to Moses from Sinai — a desperate expedient for making 
Moses the source not only of the Law and the rest of the Old 
Testament, but also of the authoritative commentaries. Mielziner 
in his Introduction to the Talmud p. 123, says that some legal 
traditions, for which the Rabbis could not find any biblical support 
whatever, were termed "traditional laws handed down from Moses 
on Sinai." 

We are all familiar with the efforts to harmonize geology and 
Genesis by making the days, although they have evenings and 
mornings, in the first chapters into geological epochs. It is 
purely gratuitous assumption; for the science of the Bible is the 
science of the age and the community in which it was produced. 


Indeed it must be, if the message was to be understood by those 
to whom it was given. In view of this fact, all objections on 
Scripture grounds to evolution, or any other tenet of modern 
science miss the mark completely. Its truth or falsity is to be 
determined by other criteria. Yet we shall have persecution for 
heresy so long as a few ignorant self-appointed authorities who 
feel competent to do the thinldng for the brotherhood, can get a 
hearing and pose in the limelight as defenders of the faith. No 
doubt, they feel like the Roman Pontiff speaking 1870 A. D. ex 
cathedra: "But if any one — which may God avert — presume to 
contradict this our definition: let him be anathema." 

When we learn that in the Bible religion doctrine is valuable 
only so far as it leads to right living and a Christ-like character, 
which in the sight of God are the vital matters, there will be few- 
er heart-burnings over little points of interpretation. Then per- 
secution for conscience sake will die a natural death. Meanwh