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Full text of "The Canadian album : men of Canada; or, Success by example, in religion, patriotism, business, law, medicine, education and agriculture; containing portraits of some of Canada's chief business men, statesmen, farmers, men of the learned professions, and others; also, an authentic sketch of their lives; object lessons for the present generation and examples to posterity"

THE pRopc - v ; 




Entered, according to Act of Parliament of Canada, in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-four, 

By THOMAS S. TJNSCOTT, 
in the office of the Minister of Agriculture. 





THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARL OF ABERDEEN, P.C., LL.D. 

Born August 3rd, 1847. 
Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeeushire, 1880; 

Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1881-85 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, January to July, 1886. 

Appointed Governor-General of Canada, 1893. 



THE 



CANADIAN ALBUM. 



>?<* 



MEN OF CANADA; 



OR, 



SUCCESS BY EXAMPLE, 

IN 

RELIGION, PATRIOTISM, BUSINESS, LAW, MEDICINE, 
EDUCATION AND AGRICULTURE; 

CONTAINING PORTRAITS OF SOME OF CANADA'S CHIEF BUSINESS MEN, STATESMEN, FARMERS, MEN OF THE 

LEARNED PROFESSIONS, AND OTHERS; ALSO, AN AUTHENTIC 

SKETCH OF THEIR LIVES. 



OBJECT LESSONS FOR THE PRESENT GENERATION AND 
EXAMPLES TO POSTERITY. 



EDITED BY 



REV. WM. COCHRANE, D.D., 



AUTHOR OF "FUTURE PUNISHMENT, OR DOES DEATH END PROBATION," "THE CHURCH AND THE 

ETC., ETC. 




" THE PROPER STUDY OF MANKIND IS MAN." 



VOL III. 



BRADLEY, GARRETSON & CO. 

BRANTFORD, ONTARIO, 

1894. 



INTRODUCTION. 

_ 



IT is with pleasure and satisfaction we introduce, to patrons and friends, Vol. III. of 
THE CANADIAN ALBUM. This is a Maritime Province volume, as well as of Manitoba 
and the North- West, reaching as far west as British Columbia, with a few scattering 
portraits from other parts of the Dominion. No province is fully represented in any one 
volume, but by the time the work is finished, it is expected to include the entire territory 
of British North America, and fairly represent leading citizens of every profession and avocation. 
It is impossible to produce, in any work, the portrait and history of every worthy citizen 
in the Dominion, but the publishers and editor, are striving to the utmost to make the 
work as complete as possible. 

In order that this ideal may be reached, at least approximately, the churches will be 
canvassed both in cities and towns, and also in rural districts, for the men who are deemed 
worthy of a place in these pages, and whose portraits and biographies are most likely to be 
of interest and value to the present and future generations. 

It has been found, as was to be expected, that with few exceptions, the representative men 
of the country are either officials, members or adherents of some religious body. In Canada, 
whatever may be said of the defects of churches, the Church is the rallying place for the 
men who are carrying on the affairs of State, from the Dominion Parliament and L,ocal 
Legislature, down to the smallest village council, and from our leading universities, down 
to the humble country school. The Church is the home of the men who are engaged in the 
moral and religious elevation of the masses, and in initiating and carrying on those measures 
of social reform which are necessary in every civilized country. 

It will be found, therefore, that the pages of these volumes are largely taken up with 
representative members of churches and their pastors. In succeeding volumes it will, 
doubtless, be very much the same, so that when the publication is completed it will embrace 
nearly all the clergymen of the Dominion, with many of their co-workers, and other represent- 
ative men, a fact which makes it of almost priceless value, not only in the present but in 
future years. The editor bespeaks for the publishers, in their arduous and costly undertaking, 
the hearty co-operation of the representative men in our churches, in helping to select the 
men who ought to be chronicled in its pages. 

A work so extensive, and requiring the skill of so many hands, demands time and 
perseverance, but that it can be accomplished, with the aid of patriotic Canadians, the 
publishers have no reason to doubt. 



W TON. ARCHIBALD 
cr M W. McLELAN, 

V late Lieutenant- 
Governor of Nova Scotia, 
was born December 24th, 
1824, a t Londonderry, N.S. 
His father was Gloud Wil- 
son McLelan, and his 
mother Martha (Spencer) 
McLelan. The former was 
a member of the Nova Sco- 
tia Assembly, representing 
Londonderry and Colches- 
ter, from 1836 to 1858, and 
died in 1858. Mr. McLelan 
was educated at London- 
derry and Mount Allison 
Wesleyan Academy, at 
Sackville, N. B. During 
his early life, he was a mer- 
chant for several years, and 
latterly became particularly 
interested in ship building. 
Mr. McLelan was a member 
of the Provincial Assembly, 
for the County of Colches- 
ter from 1858 to 1863, for 
Northern Colchester from 
1863 to 1867, and for Col- 
chester in the House of 
Commons from 1867 to June 
2ist, 1869, when he entered 
the Senate, at which time he was ap- 
pointed one of the commissioners for 
the construction of the Intercolonial 
Railway. He remained in the Senate 
until 1881, when he resigned and re- 
turned to the Commons until 1888. 
During the illness of Hon. J. C. Pope, 
in 1882, Mr. McLelan discharged his 
duties in the House of Commons, 
and at the next General Elections 
took the office of Marine and Fish- 
eries, which he held until the retire- 
ment of Hon. Sir S. L. Tilley, in 1885, 
when he became Minister of Finance. 
In 1887, on the return of Hon. Sir 
Charles Tupper, he took the office of 




Postmaster General, which office he 
held until his appointment as Lieut- 
enant- Governor of Nova Scotia, in 1888. 
He was taken ill at the Government 
House, Halifax, and ordered by his 
physician to go to the Southern States 
for his health. He did so, arriving at 
Thomasville, Ga., February 6th, 1889. 
He returned from Georgia June i5th, 
1890, and died at the Government 
House, June 26th of that year. In re- 
ligion, he was a Presbyterian. He was 
married May 24th, 1854, to Miss Caro- 
line, fifth daughter of the late John 
Metzler, of Halifax. His family con- 
sisted of three children. 




4 TON. SIR CHARLES TUPPER, 
<S T\ Bart, G.C.M.G., C.B., LL.D., 
VS> M.D., was born in 1821, at 
Amherst, N. S. His father was the 
late Rev. Charles Tupper, D.D., of 
Aylesford, N. S. He obtained the de- 
grees of L.R.C.S. and M.D., in Edin- 
burgh, in 1843, an d after following 
medicine for fourteen years, abandoned 
it for politics, and became Prime Minis- 
ter of Nova Scotia in 1864. He organ- 
ized the Conference at Charlottetown, 
in 1864, for the union of the Maritime 
Provinces under one Government, which 
led to the final Colonial Conference in 
London in 1866-67, an d the passing of 



the British North America 
Act in 1867, establishing 
the Dominion of Canada, 
and bringing Nova Scotia, 
New Brunswick, Quebec 
and Ontario under one ad- 
ministration. For the ser- 
vices rendered in the mat- 
ter, Dr. Tupper was made 
a Companion of the Order 
of the Bath. In 1870, he 
joined the Ministry of the 
late Sir John Macdonald, 
and in 1879, received the 
order of knighthood. He 
introduced and carried the 
Acts dealing with the con- 
struction of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway. In the 
completion of this great 
work, he saw the future 
prosperity of his country, 
and worked with heart and 
soul to aid in attaining this, 
one of the first and greatest 
of commercial enterprises. 
In 1884, Sir Charles Tupper 
succeeded Sir Alexander 
Gait, as High Commissioner 
for Canada, in London, and 
though leaving the vexa- 
tions and enervating in- 
fluence of political life, had to under- 
take duties quite as arduous, requiring 
all the tact and power which he pos- 
sesses. The first three per cent, colonial 
loan he negotiated for Canada in 1888, 
and the ^4,000,000 was subscribed 
several times over, and an average price 
of ^95 is. od. per cent, obtained. He 
was joint Imperial Plenipotentiary with 
Lord Sackville and the Right Honor- 
able Joseph Chamberlain, in the nego- 
tiation of the Washington Treaty of 
1888, dealing with the Atlantic fish- 
eries and other questions in dispute 
between Canada and the United States, 
and in that year was created a baronet. 




JAMES STEWART TUPPER, 
Q.C., Winnipeg, Man., was born 
October 26th, 1851, at Amherst, 
N.S. He is the eldest sou of Hon. 
Sir Charles Tnpper, Bart., G.C.M.G., 
C.B. He received his education at 
McGill University, taking his degree 
of B.A. in May, 1871, with first rank 
honors. He was called to the Bar of 
Ontario in 1875, of Manitoba in 1882, 
and was created a Queen's Counsel in 
1890. He is now a member of the 
well-known legal firm of Macdonald, 
Tupper, Phippen & Tupper, of Winni- 
peg. In politics, he is a Liberal-Con- 
servative, and in religion a member of 



the Church of England. Mr. Tupper 
has been married twice : first, Septem- 
ber 8th, 1875, to Mary Eilson, daugh- 
ter of the late Andrew Robertson, of 
" Elm Bank," Montreal, who died 
August 7th, 1876, leaving one daugh- 
ter : he was married again on June 9th, 
1880, to Ada Campbell, daughter of 
Hon. Sir Thomas Gait, Chief Justice 
of the Common Pleas of Ontario. His 
family consists of three daughters and 
one son. Mr. Tupper is a very popular 
and progressive citizen of Manitoba, 
having the prosperity of the country 
greatly at heart. He stands high in 
the esteem and respect of the public. 



MEN 







> MATHANIEL CURRY, Mayor 

<^S ^ of Amherst, N. S., President 
and General Manager of Rhodes, 
Curry & Co., Ltd., was born in 1851, 
in Kings Co., N. S. His parents were 
Charles Curry and Eunice Davidson of 
Scotch-Irish and English descent, res- 
pectively. He was educated at the 
common and private schools of Kings 
Co. He began life on a farm, subse- 
quently went to sea, later served four 
years at the cabinet making trade, and 
nine months as master builder. He 
then spent several years as mill wright 
and car builder, and in 1877, settled in 
Amherst, and established the firm of 



Rhodes, Curry & Co., manufacturers 
and builders. He took a leading part 
in getting Amherst incorporated, was a 
member of its first council and was 
elected Mayor in 1894. He was chair- 
man of the Water Commissioners, who 
have just completed a fine system 
of water works at a cost of $80,000. 
He is a member of the Masonic Frater- 
nity, and of the Knights of Pythias. 
In politics, he is an active Conservative, 
and in religion a Baptist. He was 
married, September i7th, 1881, to Mary 
E. Hall, daughter of David and Mar- 
garet Hall, of Annapolis Co., N. S. His 
family consists of five sons. 



MEN OK 




LEX. HOWARD MACKAY, 
B. A., B. Sc., LL. D., F. S. Sc. 
(London), F. R. S. C., Super- 
intendent of Education for the Province 
of Nova Scotia, was born May I9th, 
1848, at North Dalhousie, Pictou Co., 
N. S. Mr. MacKay began teaching in 
1865. He graduated from the Provin- 
cial Normal School in 1866, from the 
Pictou Academy in 1868, from the 
University of Dalhousie in 1873, and 
from the Halifax University in 1880. 
He was Principal of Annapolis Academy 
in 1873, of Pictou Academy from 1873 
to 1889, an d of Halifax Academy from 
1889 to 1891. He was an editor of the 
Dalhousie College Gazette 
from 1870 to 1873, and of 
the Educational Review from 
1887 to 1891. He was pre- 
sident of the Provincial 
Educational Association in 
1874 and 1876, and first 
president of the Summer 
School of Science for the 
Atlantic Provinces of Ca- 
nada, organized in 1887. 
Elected Com. Biological Sec- 
tion, British Association in 
1884 ; life Fellow Society of 
Science, Letters and Art of 
London, 1886; and Fellow 
of the Royal Society of Ca- 
nada in 1888. He is a 
member of the American 
Ornithological Union, the 
Volapukaklub Nolumelo- 
pik, Ent. Soc. of Ontario, 
and Natural History Society 
of Montreal and Ottawa, 
&c.,&c. Corresponding Se- 
cretary of the Nova Scotia 
Institute of Science, Domi- 
nion Secretary of the Bota- 
nical Club of Canada, a 
director of the Victoria 
School of Art and Design, 
a director of the Halifax 



Ladies' College, and a governor of the 
University of Dalhousie. He held the 
appointment of lecturer in Zoology at 
Dalhousie, and in Bacteriology in the 
Halifax Medical College in 1891. In 
1892, the degree of LL-D. was con- 
ferred upon him b}^ the University of 
Dalhousie, and in 1893, he was ap- 
pointed one of the honorary vice- 
presidents of the World's Educational 
Congress at Chicago. In religion, 
he is a Presbyterian, being an elder and 
member of Senate of the Presbyterian 
College at Halifax. In 1882, he married 
Maude Augusta Johnstone, daughter of 
Dr George Moir Johnstone, of Pictou. 




IO 



OK 



THE LATE HONORABLE JOHN 
NORQUAY, ex-Premier of Man- 
itoba, was born in what was then known 
as the Red River Settlement, May 8th, 
1841, and died July 5th, 1889. His 
parents, John and Isabella (Truith- 
waite) Norquay, were both of Orkney 
descent. He received his education at 
St. John's College Winnipeg. Leaving 
college, he engaged in school teaching 
and agricultural pursuits until 1870, 
the date of Manitoba's entry into Con- 
federation, when he was elected to re- 
present High Bluff. He quickly rose 
to the front as a man of sound judg- 
ment, and without any Parliamentary 




practice, appeared to be quite in his 
element on the floor o 1 the House. A 
strong debater, a man of quick compre- 
hensive mind and withal a ruggedly 
eloquent speaker, he stood easily with 
the front rank politicians of the day. 
In stature he was large and well pro- 
portioned, bluff and hearty in manner, 
generous, even to a fault, and had the 
faculty in a wonderful degree of re- 
membering names and faces. He be- 
longed to the Masonic fraternity. He 
was a member of the Board of Health 
and Board of Education in Manitoba, 
a member of the Executive Council and 
Minister of Public Works and Agricul- 
ture for Manitoba, from De- 
cember 1 4th, 1871, until 
July 8th, 1874, when he re- 
signed with his colleagues. 
He was appointed to the 
new Government in March, 
1875, taking the portfolio 
of Provincial Secretary. This 
office he relinquished for 
that of Minister of Public 
Works in May, 1876. In 
October, 1878, Mr. Norquay 
was called upon to form a 
Cabinet in which he held 
the office of Provincial 
Treasurer. He sat for High 
Bluff from 1870 to 1874, 
when he was returned for 
St. Andrews, which he re- 
presented until the redistri- 
bution (1888), which abol- 
ished that constituency and 
included it in Kildonan, 
which he sat for at the time 
of his death. He belonged 
to the Episcopal Church 
and was warden of the 
Church where he resided 
and delegate to the annual 
Synods. He left a wife, 
two daughters and five 
sons. 



1 1 





BENSON, M.D., of 
Beusonhurst, Winnipeg, Man., 
^ was born April 2 2nd, 1843, 
in Peterboro, Ont. His father was 
Lieut. -Col. John Robinson Benson, who 
canie to Canada with his parents from 
the North of Ireland in 1819. He was 
one of the pioneers of Peterboro County, 
and rose by perseverance and industry, 
to be a leading mill owner and lumber 
merchant, and being of sterling prin- 
ciples, was held in universal esteem. 
He died in 1876. His widow Catharine 
(Lee) Benson, who survives him and 
resides in Winnipeg, is a woman of 
bright Christian character, whose chief 



solicitude has always been 
for the higher interests 
of her family. Dr. Benson 
was educated at Peterboro 
Grammar School, Victoria 
Medical College, Toronto, 
Kentucky University, from 
which he graduated in 1864, 
Bellevue Hospital and Me- 
dical College, New York, 
where he graduated in 1865, 
and again at Victoria from 
which he took his final de- 
gree in 1866. He practiced 
a time in Peterboro, then in 
Lindsay, Ont., for seven 
years. In 1874, he removed 
to Winnipeg, where he has 
practiced ever since, and 
where he now enjoys a wide 
and well established patron- 
age. His position as chair- 
man of the Winnipeg School 
Board, trustee and steward 
of Grace Methodist Church, 
Coroner for the Province of 
Manitoba, one of the direc- 
tors of the first Winnipeg 
Agricultural Society, jail 
surgeon for eighteen years, 
and a surgeon of the North- 
West field forces during the 
Rebellion of 1885, show in some degree 
at least the interest he takes in public 
questions, and the appreciation in 
which his services are held. He is also 
president of the Winnipeg branch of 
the Globe Savings and Loan Co., of 
Toronto. In politics, the Doctor is a 
staunch Conservative, and an influ- 
ential worker during Parliamentary 
campaigns. He is a member of the 
A.F. & A.M., the LO.O.F. and the 
I.O.F. In 1874, Dr. Benson was mar- 
ried to Annie Campbell, daughter of 
Capt. A. Campbell of Colborne, Ont., a 
member of the Campbell Clan of the 
Argyle family. He has three sons. 



12 



CANADA. 



CLIFFORD SIFTON, 
( Attorney General and 
^^^^> Provincial Lands 
Commissioner of Manitoba, 
Barrister, Brandon, Man., 
was born March ioth, 1861, 
in London Township, Mid- 
dlesex County, Ont. His 
parents, who are still living 
and reside in Winnipeg, are 
John W. Sifton (formerly 
Speaker of the Manitoba 
Legislature) and Kate Sif- 
ton, whose maiden name 
was Watkins. He was edu- 
cated at the London High 
School and Victoria Uni- 
versity, Cobourg, where he 
took honors and the Gold 
Medal. He afterwards 
studied law with S. C. Biggs, 
of Winnipeg. On being 
called to the Bar, he remov- 
ed to Brandon, Man., where 
he has practiced his profes- 
sion continuously ever since, 
and has succeeded in build- 
ing up an extensive legal 
connection. He stands high 
in the estimation of his 
brethren at the Bar as an 
able and conscientious law- 
yer. Mr. Sifton has never taken any 
part in municipal matters, except that 
he was appointed City Solicitor for 
Brandon and of the Western Judicial 
Board. In 1888, he was elected to the 
Provincial Legislature of Manitoba, and 
was sworn a member of the Executive 
Council, and appointed Attorney Gen- 
eral in 1891, upon which he was re- 
elected. Attorney General Sifton is 
one of the ablest speakers in Manitoba, 
if not in the Dominion. His appoint- 
ment to the position of Attorney Gen- 
eral was received with universal satis- 
faction, and he has since proven him- 
self well worthy of the high honor. He 




is rapid, clear, logical, not verbose, and 
has never been discounted on any plat- 
form or on any question which he has 
discussed. He is of a retiring disposi- 
tion and manner, except among his in- 
timate acquaintances, and is popular 
with all. In religion, Mr. Sifton is a 
member of the Methodist Church, and 
holds the office of trustee in his church 
in Brandon, and is active in all good 
work. He was married, on the i3th 
of August, 1884, to Miss Elizabeth 
Anna Burrows, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. H. T. Burrows, of Ottawa, On- 
tario. His family consists of four 
sons. 





+r^^ 

n[HE HON. JOHN DONALD 

A CAMERON, B. A., Barrister, 
Provincial Secretary for Manitoba, Win- 
nipeg, Man., was born in 1858, in the 
Township of East Nissouri, Oxford Co., 
Ont. He is the son of John and Eliza- 
beth Cameron, of Scottish descent. He 
was educated at the Woodstock High 
School, Woodstock College and St. 
Catharines Collegiate Institute, and at 
University College, Toronto, where he 
graduated, in 1879, with first-class 
honors in both the Science and the Arts 
courses, winning the Gold Medal in 
each. He then studied law in Toronto, 
and was called to the Ontario Bar in 



1882, and to that of Manitoba in the 
same year. In January, 1892, he was 
elected to represent South Winnipeg in 
the Local Legislature, in place of Mr. 
Isaac Campbell, Q. C., who had re- 
signed, and was re-elected at the Gen- 
eral Elections in July of the same year. 
In January, 1893, he was sworn in a 
member of the Executive Council, hold- 
ing the offices of Provincial Secretary 
and Municipal Commissioner, and was 
afterwards re-elected by acclamation. 
Mr. Cameron is a Liberal in politics, 
and has always been an able and trust- 
ed leader of his party. In religion he 
belongs to the Presbyterian Church. 



CANADA. 




*^^ 
[HE HONORABLE THOMAS 

A GREENWAY, Premier of Man- 
itoba, was born March 25th, 1838, in 
Cornwall, England. He is the eldest 
son of the late Thomas Greenway. 
His parents came to Canada in 1844, 
and settled in the Township of Darling- 
ton, Durham County, Ont, where Mr. 
Greenway attended school. In 1848, 
they removed to Huron County, where 
he continued his education. He left 
home when thirteen years of age, and 
after living some years in London, Ont. 
and in the Western States, returned to 
the County of Huron, and became 
established in mercantile business, near 



Exeter. He was ten years reeve of the 
Township of Stephen, and was a mem- 
ber of the House of Commons, for 
South Huron, representing the Liberal 
party, from 1875 to 1878. In 1878, 
he went to Manitoba, and was elected to 
the Legislature of that province, De- 
cember, 1879, and in 1888, he was elect- 
ed Premier. He is an adherent of the 
Methodist Church, and a man of great 
force of character. Premier Greenway 
has been married twice, first, in Jan- 
uary, 1860, to Miss Annie Hicks, who 
died in May, 1875, and again in 1877, 
to Miss Emma Essery. His family 
consists of eight sons and six daughters. 






lOL. D. H. McMILLAN, Provin- 
cial Treasurer, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born in January, 1846, 
in Ontario County, Ont His parents 
were James and Eleanor McMillan. He 
received his education at the public and 
Grammar schools of Ontario. He re- 
presented Winnipeg in the Provincial 
Legislature, from 1879 to 1882, and 
Centre Winnipeg, from July, 1888, to 
the present time, in the interests of the 
Liberal party. He has been a member 
of the Government, holding portfolio of 
Provincial Treasurer, since May, 1889. 
Since 1871, he has been a member of 
the Masonic Fraternity, holding thirty- 



three degree in Ancient and Accepted 
Scottish Rite, and has also always 
taken an active part in military matters. 
He went to Winnipeg in 1870, on the 
Red River expedition, under Col. (now 
Lord) Wolseley, in command of A 
Company, First Ontario Rifles. He 
was senior major of 95th Battalion, 
during North- West troubles, in 1885, 
and commanded the battalion as lieut- 
col., since 1886. In 1864, served four 
months at Niagara, in Provisional Bat- 
talion, under Col. Drewry, and during 
the Fenian raid, in 1866, served at Port 
Colborne and Fort Erie. Col. McMil- 
lan is very popular with all parties. 



i6 



M:KK OF* 




TX/TLLIAM PURVES, Merchant, 
^ r North Sydney, C. B., was born 
in 1834, at Pictou, N. S. He is the 
son of James Purves and Jane Corbett, 
both natives of Pictou. His father was 
a prominent ship builder and merchant, 
a member of the firm of Stephen Lowrey 
& Co., of Newcastle, C. B., who were 
pioneer merchants and traders in Nova 
Scotia. His mother was the daughter 
of William Corbett, of Pictou. Mr. 
Purves was educated at the Pictou 
Academy, after which he began busi- 
ness life as a merchant. He has been 
a member of the firm of Archibald & 
Co., since 1857. This firm began busi- 



ness in Cape Breton in 1833, anc ^ nas 
been from the outset engaged in every 
enterprise of importance on the Island 
of Cape Breton, namely, fisheries, ship 
building and mining, they having 
opened the Gowrie Mines and been its 
proprietors for many years. Mr. Purves 
has been mayor of North Sydney since 
its incorporation in 1885, without in- 
termission, and still holds that office. 
In religion, he is a Presbyterian, and 
in politics, a Conservative. He was 
married, in 1870, to Abbie Maud Dick- 
son, of Truro, N.S. His family consists 
of five children, four sons and one 
daughter. 




J. MACLEOD, Chief 

Superintendent of 

Education for Prince 
Edward Island, Charlotte- 
town, P. E. I., was born in 
1850, at Hartsville, P. E. I. 
His parents were Alex, and 
Mary (McLeod) McLeod, 
natives of Inverness Scot- 
land, Mr. McLeod was edu- 
cated at the Prince of Wales 
College, Charlottetown, and 
graduated in 1876, with a 
Grammar School License. 
For some time, he taught the 
u Wigg Grammar School," 
which has produced so many 
of the prominent men of the 
Island, after which for a 
year and a half he taught 
in the Souris Grammar 
School. In 1880, he was 
appointed a professor in the 
Prince of Wales College and 
Normal School by a Conser- 
vative government, although 
in politics, a Liberal, which 
proves that the position was 
received by qualification 
only. This position he held 
for eleven years. In 1891, 
Mr. McLeod received his 
present appointment. Some mouths 
previous to his acceptance of his pre- 
sent position, he was offered by the 
Charlottetown City School Board, the 
inspectorship of the city schools (so 
that he has either held or has been 
offered every position in educational 
matters in the Province that is worth 
having) but the then Premier (now 
Judge McLeod) rather than lose his 
valuable services, promptly decided to 
give him an increase in his salary. 
Chief Superintendent McLeod takes a 
great interest in his work, and in edu- 
cational matters in general. He has 
lately taken an extended tour through 




the Eastern States and Ontario, with 
the view to examining into their various 
school systems, that he might engraft 
their best features into that over which 
he is presiding so progressively and 
successfully. Mr. McLeod takes a great 
interest in horticulture, and is also 
well known in musical circles, being 
one of the founders of the Philharmonic 
Society. In December, 1882, Mr. Mc- 
Leod was married to Miss Margaret 
McPherson, daughter of Mr. John 
McPherson, of Charlottetown, Prince 
Edward Island, formerly of Glasgow, 
Scotland. His family consists of four 
children, two sons and two daughters. 



i8 



OK CANADA. 




THE LATE HON. GILBERT 
A McMICKEN, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born at Glenluce, Wigtonshire, 
Scotland, on the historic " i3th of 
October, 1813." He came to Canada 
in 1832, and in 1838, was appointed 
Collector of Customs at Queenstou, and 
was chief promoter of the Queeuston 
Suspension Bridge, holding over one 
quarter of the stock. In 1851, he 
was warden of the united counties of 
Lincoln and Welland, was first mayor 
of Clifton, and in 1852, was appointed 
Collector of Customs at Clifton, Wood- 
stock, Ingersoll and London. In 1857, 
was elected M. P. for Welland. In 



1860, Mr. McMicken re- 
moved to Windsor, and in 
1864, was appointed Stipen- 
diary Magistrate over the 
whole frontier of Western 
Canada, and successfully 
allayed the Fenian excite- 
ment, especially in the 
cities of Detroit and Buffalo, 
for which he received the 
special thanks of Lord 
Monck. He extradited sev- 
eral notorious criminals, as 
in the Burley piracy, and 
Reno and Anderson, and 
Morton and Thomson cases, 
and arranged settlement of 
the disputed international 
boundary line at the St. 
Clair Flats Canal. Mr. 
McMicken supervised the 
protection of the Parliamen- 
tary buildings, upon the 
murder of the Hon. Thomas 
D'Arcy McGee, and pro- 
tected by convoy several il- 
lustrious persons in their 
journeys through Canada, 
notably H. R. H. Prince 
Arthur, in 1869, from whom 
he received cherished sou- 
venirs. In 1871, he was 
appointed agent of Dominion lands in 
Manitoba, Assistant-Receiver General, 
Dominion Auditor, Immigration agent, 
and manager of the Dominion Govern- 
ment Savings Bank, and in 1878, re- 
tired on superannuation. In 1879, he 
was elected M. P. P. for Cartier, and 
was honored with the Speaker's chair. 
February i3th, 1835, he married Ann 
Theresa Duff, grand-daughter of Com- 
modore (afterwards Hon.) Alex. Grant. 
On March 7th, 1891, Mr. McMicken 
died, leaving an unsullied name, and 
a character of sterling integrity. Three 
sons survive him, Alexander, Hamilton 
Grant and Albert Clifton. 



JVIKN 



CANADA, 



J WALTER ALLISON, Manu- 
facturer, Halifax, N. S., 
was born in 1850, at New- 
castle, N. B. His parents were Henry 
B. Allison and Sarah Abranis Alli- 
son. When he was four years of 
age, the family removed to Sackville, 
N. B., where his boyhood was passed. 
He received his education at Mount 
Allison Academy and College, institu- 
tions founded by his uncle, the late 
Charles F. Allison. In 1871, he went 
to Halifax, where he began his com- 
mercial career as book-keeper with 
Messrs. Doull & Miller, wholesale dry 
goods men. He subsequently went 




into the commission business, but was 
prevented from going very far in that 
direction by an invitation to enter into 
partnership with the late John P. Mott, 
chocolate and cocoa manufacturer. He 
accepted the opportunity, and in 1876, 
his name appeared as a member of the 
firm, of which he has been an active 
member ever since. His first business 
was on the road, at the outset through 
the Maritime Provinces only, then into 
Quebec and Ontario, and in the later 
years of his travels, in the western part 
of Canada only. His attention at first 
was confined chiefly to the confectioners' 
trade, with which he was soon successful 
in securing for the prepara- 
tions he represented a lead- 
ing position. Since the 
death of Mr. Mott, in 1890, 
Mr. Allison has been in his 
present position of manager 
and executor of the estate, 
which is above three-quar- 
ters of a million of dollars in 
value. He holds several 
responsible positions in fin- 
ancial, commercial and in- 
surance institutions. He is 
a director of the New Glas- 
gow Iron, Coal and Railway 
Co., the Eastern Fire As- 
surance Co., and the Nova 
Scotia Coastal Steam Packet 
Co., and is president of the 
Nova Scotia Permanent 
Benefit Building Society 
and Savings Fund, which is 
one of the oldest monetary 
institutions in the Maritime 
Provinces. In politics, he 
is a Liberal-Conservative, 
and in religion a member of 
the Church of England. He 
was married in 1876, to Miss 
Mary Prescott, daughter of 
the late Charles T. Prescott, 
Esq., of Baie Verte, N. B. 



20 



CANADA. 



JAMES FISHER, M.A., M.P.P., 
Winnipeg, Man., was born in 
Glenquaich, Perthshire, Scotland, 
November 6th, 1841. He came to Can- 
ada with his parents when young, and 
settled in Perth County, Ont. He re- 
ceived his education at the Stratford 
High School and Toronto University. 
He then studied law in Stratford, and 
afterwards in the office of the Hon. 
Edward Blake, Toronto. He was ad- 
mitted to the Ontario Bar in 1867, and 
practiced his profession until 1883, in 
Stratford, where he was twice selected 
by the Reform party as their standard 
bearer to contest North Perth, a strong 
Conservative riding in Do- 
minion contests ; he was de- 
feated by small majorities. In 
1883, Mr. Fisher removed 
to Winnipeg, and in 1888, 
was elected to the Legisla- 
ture by a large majority. 
In 1892, he was returned by 
acclamation. He is also a 
member of the Board of 
Management and Senate of 
Manitoba College, and a 
member of the Council of 
the University of Manitoba. 
In Federal politics, he is a 
staunch Liberal, a strong 
supporter and a warm ad- 
mirer of Hon. Wilfred Lau- 
rier, but in local politics, he 
is at variance with the Lib- 
eral Government of Mani- 
toba on many points, and 
takes an absolutely inde- 
pendent position. He op- 
posed the Manitoba School 
Act of 1890, believing that 
the mixed population of 
Manitoba would be better 
suited by such a school law 
as Ontario enjoys. He is 
president of the Interna- 
tional Reciprocity Associa- 



tion, and took a very active part in its 
first two conventions at Grand Forks, 
Dak., in 1892, and at St. Paul, Minn., 
in 1893. He advocates the deepening 
of our canals, the expenses to be borne 
jointly by the United States and Domi- 
nion, and has written a pamphlet on 
this subject, entitled : "Our Highways 
to the Sea." Mr. Fisher was married 
in July, 1871, to Fannie Gordon, daugh- 
ter of the late Rev. T. Macpherson, of 
Stratford, who died in 1890. His family 
consists of one son and two daughters. 
In religion, Mr. Fisher is a Presby- 
terian, and is chairman of the Board of 
Trustees of Knox Church, Winnipeg. 




21 





4 TON. SIR JOHN CAMPBELL 
cr M ALLEN, K.B., LL-D., Chief 
Vs> Justice of New Brunswick, 
Fredericton, N. B., was born in York 
County, N. B., October ist, 1817. He 
is the son of the late Captain John 
Allen and Ann Blair, both of New 
Brunswick. After completing his edu- 
cation at the different schools and the 
Collegiate Institute, Fredericton, he 
studied law with the Hon. John Simcoe 
Saunders, Fredericton, and was ad- 
mitted an attorney in 1838, sworn in 
as barrister in 1840. During 1845-47, 
he was commissioner for settling the 
claims to lands in the Madawaska set- 



tlement, under the Treaty 
of Washington, 1842, and 
for twelve years was official 
reporter of the Supreme 
Court of the Province. He 
was a member of the House 
of Assembly from 1856 to 
1865, Solicitor General in 
1856-57, Speaker of the 
House from 1863 to 1865, 
Attorney General in 1865, 
and in the latter year was 
also a delegate from the 
government of New Bruns- 
wick to the Government of 
England, on the subject of 
Confederation, and on his 
return from England, was 
appointed Judge of the Su- 
preme Court, and in 1875, 
Chief Justice of the Pro- 
vince. In 1878, he was ap- 
pointed one of the arbitra- 
tors to settle the northwest 
boundaries of the Province 
of Ontario, the other arbi- 
trators being Sir E. Thorn- 
ton, the British Minister at 
Washington, and the late 
Chief Justice Harrison. But 
Chief Justice Allen being 
engaged in an important 
criminal trial, Sir E. Thornton was 
unable to longer delay, and Chief Jus- 
tice Allen resigned the appointment. In 
1845, the Chief Justice married Mar- 
garet, daughter of the late Lieut. -Col. 
Drury, of St. John, N. B. In October, 
1888, he was presented by the Bar of 
St. John with a valuable piece of plate, 
it being the 5oth anniversary of his ad- 
mission to the legal profession, and in 
April, 1893, the Bar of the Province 
presented to the Supreme Court a life 
size portrait of the Chief Justice, which 
now hangs in the Supreme Court room 
at Frederieton. In religion, he is a 
member of the Church of England. 



22 



JOHN PALMER- 
STON ROBERT- 
SON, Librarian of 
the Provincial Legislature 
of Manitoba, was born at 
Fortingal, Perthshire, Scot- 
land, May 23rd, 1841. He 
came to Canada with his 
parents in 1845, an d settled 
at By town, afterwards the 
city of Ottawa. He was 
educated at the public and 
High schools, Ottawa, and 
is a graduate of the Normal 
School, Toronto. Mr. Rob- 
ertson taught school for fif- 
teen years, and assisted in 
the introduction of the Cen- 
tral school system into Ot- 
tawa. After retiring from 
the profession, he was a 
member of the Board of 
Public School Trustees of 
that city for several years, 
and took an active part in 
securing the Normal and 
Model schools for Ottawa. 
He was also, for a number 
of years, an alderman at the 
City Council Board. Mr. 
Robertson was a student at 
law for three years, having 
matriculated at Osgoode Hall, Toronto, 
in 1867, but abandoned the legal pro- 
fession to enter the journalistic field. 
He was first attached to the editorial 
staff of the Ottawa Times, from 1873 to 
1878, and subsequently went to Mani- 
toba, in 1879, where he took a position 
on the staff of the Winnipeg Times, 
remaining thereon for three years. He 
next accepted a position on the Mani- 
toba Free Press, which he held until 
appointed Provincial Librarian, on the 
ist of July, 1884. Mr. Robertson is 
the author of a useful and interesting 
handbook, entitled : " Political Manual 
of Manitoba and the North- West Terri- 




tories." Since removing to Manitoba, 
Mr. Robertson has acted as agent of the 
Canadian Associated Press, and was 
correspondent for several leading Can- 
adian and American newspapers. He 
has been president of St. Andrew's 
Society, Winnipeg, and was identified 
with the introduction of the Order of 
Scottish Clans in the North-West, of 
which he is a Deputy Royal Chief. 
Mr. Robertson was married, July i5th, 
1869, to Jessie, third daughter of the 
late William Graham, of Ottawa, by 
whom he has three sons and three 
daughters. The Provincial Library has 
now some 10,000 volumes in its shelves. 



JVIEN 



4 TON. DANIEL McNEIL,M.P.P., 
<r M Port Hood, Cape Breton, N.S., 
V> was born in Mabon, C.B., 
January 3ist, 1853. He is the second 
son of Malcolm and Ellen McNeil, and 
brother of Neil McNeil, D.D., Ph.D., 
formerly rector of St. Francois-Xavier 
College, Antigonish. He is descended 
on the paternal side, from Roderick 
McNeil, of Bara, Scotland, who settled 
in Cape Breton in the early part of this 
century. Hon. Mr. McNeil was edu- 
cated at the St. Francois-Xavier Col- 
lege, studied law at Halifax, was called 
to the Bar of Nova Scotia, in December, 
1879, and then located in Port Hood, 
the Shiretown of his native 
county. There he formed 
a partnership with S. Mac- 
donell, Q. C., ex-M. P. 
which was dissolved some 
three and one half years 
later. In June, 1883, he 
was appointed a school com- 
missioner for South Inver- 
ness, in July, of the same 
year a notary and tabellion 
public, in March 1884, a 
commissioner of the Su- 
preme Court of Nova Scotia, 
and has discharged the 
duties of these offices with 
much acceptance. For a 
number of years he has 
taken an interest in all the 
political movements, Muni- 
cipal, Provincial and Fed- 
eral, and has always been 
on the Liberal side. He 
was first elected to the Nova 
Scotia Legislature in 1886, 
and was sworn in a member 
of the Executive Council, 
June 28th, 1886, and took 
office in the Fielding ad- 
ministration without a port- 
folio. Mr. McNeil's career 
in the House has been high- 



ly creditable, and his honorable appoint- 
ment was a just recognition of his abil- 
ity. In religion, he is an adherent of the 
Roman Catholic Church. On August 
4th, 1 88 1, he was married to Ellen 
Maria Margaret, youngest daughter of 
the late James McDonnell, who, for 
more than a quarter of a century, held 
the important offices of prothonotary of 
the Supreme Court and Clerk of the 
Crown, at Port Hood. He was also 
registrar of deeds for the County of In- 
verness, for many years, and first 
inspector of schools for that county, 
under the present Provincial system of 
education. 




CANADA. 



REDBRICK WILLIAM COL- 
CLEUGH, M. P. P., Merchant, 

Selkirk, Man., was born in 1845, 
in West Flamboro', Wentworth County, 
Ont. His father was the late Walter 
Colcleugh, Esq., a staunch Liberal, 
merchant, mill owner and postmaster, 
who died in 1887. His mother, who is 
also deceased, was Sarah Kirkpatrick, 
daughter of the late James Kirkpatrick, 
Esq., who, for forty- three years, was 
the honored and highly respected 
treasurer of Wentworth County. Mr. 
Colcleugh was educated in Dundas and 
Picton, in which latter town he studied 
law, and passed the Law Society ex- 




amination when only sixteen. He, 
however, abandoned law and entered 
commercial life as a clerk. Ten years 
afterwards, he started in business for 
himself in Carlisle, Ont., where he 
built up a large and successful trade, 
and in 1874, sold out and went to Mani- 
toba, where he has since remained. He 
has been elected mayor of Selkirk, 
seven consecutive terms, five of which 
were by acclamation. In 1888, he was 
elected M. P. P., for St. Andrews, and 
re-elected in 1892. Mr. Colcleugh, in 
religion, is a Presbyterian, and in poli- 
tics, a Liberal and a strong advocate of 
Free Trade and Provincial Rights. He 
is a prominent official in 
the C. O. F. and of St. An- 
drew's Society, of Selkirk. 
He was the first president 
of the Manitoba Hail In- 
surance Co., and also first 
president of the Lake Win- 
nipeg Lumber Trading and 
Transfer Co., and was for 
some time president of the 
St. Andrew's Agricultural 
Society. Mr. Colcleugh has 
been married twice ; first, to 
Miss Nichol, daughter of 
James Nichol, Esq., of Hal- 
ton County, who died in 
1888, leaving six children, 
four of whom are now living, 
and again, in May, 1893, to 
Miss Emma Shaw, special 
correspondent of the Boston 
Transcript and Jottrnal of 
Education. Mr. Colcleugh 
took charge of the bill to 
obtain the charter for the 
Selkirk Eastern and West- 
ern Railway Colonization 
Company, Selkirk Electric 
Light Company, and also 
obtained charter for the Sel- 
kirk & Winnipeg Electric 
Railway. 



M:KN 



JOHN P. CHIPMAN, 
Judge of the County 
Court for District 
No. 4, Nova Scotia, com- 
prising the counties of Col- 
chester, Hants and Kings, 
was born March 3ist, 1848, 
at Pleasant Valley, Town- 
ship of Cornwallis, Kings 
County, N. S. His parents 
were Rev. William and Eliza 
Chipman, the former being 
a Baptist clergyman, who 
was greatly respected, and 
for years was both minister 
and lawyer for the members 
of his church and adherents, 
and the latter was a most 
estimable Christian woman, 
and a daughter of the late 
Holmes Chipman. Judge 
Chipman was educated at 
the schools of Kentville, 
Horton Academy and Aca- 
dia College, Wolfville, and 
obtained the degree of LL.B. 
at the Law School, Har- 
vard University, in June, 
1869. He was admitted to 
the Bar in October, 1869, 
and entered into partnership 
with T. W. Harris, Q. C., 
with whom he studied law, and which 
partnership existed until the death of 
Mr. Harris in 1876, after which he 
practiced alone until February, 1880, 
and then formed a partnership with R. 
L. Borden, Q.C., which was dissolved 
in December, 1883, when he entered 
into partnership with Edmund L. New- 
combe, now Deputy Minister of Justice. 
This partnership lasted until ist of 
January, 1886, after which he formed 
a partnership with Mr. Willard P. 
Shaffner, until i8th of June, 1890, 
when he received his present appoint- 
ment. For about one year, he performed 
the duties of agent of Bank o' Nova 




Scotia, Kentville. He is a member of 
the Masons, Oddfellows, Foresters, 
Royal Arcanum, a P. M. of Kentville 
Lodge in the former, and P.D.D.G.M. 
of Grand Lodge. He was first Stipen- 
diary Magistrate and Recorder for the 
Town of Kentville, and subsequently 
mayor for two years. In politics, Judge 
Chipman was a Liberal-Conservative, 
and in religion, a Baptist. He was 
married, June loth, 1875, to Susan 
Mary, daughter of Robert and Marga- 
ret Brown, of Halifax. He has had a 
family of seven children, five of whom, 
three sons and two daughters, now 



survive. 



26 





. THOMAS A. BERNIER, 
Senator and Advocate, St. Boni- 
face, Man., was born August 
1 5th. 1844, at St. George of Henryville, 
Iberville County, Que. His parents 
were Thomas Bernier and Julie Letour- 
neau, of that place. Mr. Bernier re- 
ceived his primary education in the 
parish school, and his classical, mental 
and moral philosophy course at the 
College of St. Hyacinthe, where he 
graduated. He began the study of law 
in the office of Judge W. Chagnon. 
During his law studies, he was for a 
time chief editor of Le Courrier de St. 
Hyacinthe, and also became president 



of the debating club u L'U- 
nion Catholique." He was 
admitted to the Bar in July, 
1869. He then went to St. 
Johns, P.Q., where he began 
to practice, and soon occu- 
pied the position of Crown 
Attorney at the assizes. In 

1880, he removed to Mani- 
toba to follow agriculture, 
and to counteract, by his 
example and exertions, the 
exodus of French Canadians 
to the United States. In 

1 88 1, he accepted the posi- 
tion of Catholic Superinten- 
dent of Education for Mani- 
toba, and continued to hold 
that office until 1890, when 
the Separate School Act was 
abolished. From 1881 to 
1892, he was registrar of 
the University of Manitoba, 
which he subsequently re- 
signed on account of so 
much of his time being re- 
quired to attend the Federal 
sessions, as Senator. Dur- 
ing that period, he occupied 
other positions, such as as- 
sistaut clerk of the Local 
Legislature, chairman of the 

Eastern Judicial District Board, com- 
missioner to enquire into the working 
of the law in connection with the sale 
of Half-breed lands, etc. He was a 
member of the Provincial Board of 
Agriculture, mayor of St. Boniface, 
president of the St. Jean-Baptiste Asso- 
ciation, etc. He takes a lively interest 
in whatever tends to promote the inte- 
rests of Manitoba. He was appointed 
Senator in October, 1892. In politics, 
he is a Conservative, and in religion, 
a Roman Catholic. Mr. Bernier was 
married, August i5th, 1871, to Julie 
Malvina Demers, daughter of A. I. 
Demers, of Henryville. 



27 



REDBRICK HERVEY JOHN 
BRIGSTOCKE, D.D., Archdea- 
con of the Diocese of Fredericton, 
Rector of Trinity Church, St. John, 
N.B., was born at Walwyn's Castle, 
Pembrokeshire, Wales, May, 1841. His 
parents were the Rev. Thomas and 
Caroline W. Brigstocke. He received 
his early education at home, after which 
he became a graduate and exhibitioner 
of Jesus College, Oxford, B.A. in 1862. 
He was ordained deacon in 1864, and 
priest in 1865, by the Bishop of Win- 
chester. His first two years in the 
ministry were spent at Chobham, Sur- 
rey, where he worked as curate to the 




Rev. S. J. Jerram. In 1866, he was 
offered the curacy of Ewelme, Oxford- 
shire, by Rev. Canon Payne Smith, 
D.D., which offer he accepted, and re- 
mained there five years, until Septem- 
ber, 1871, when he removed to New- 
castle on Tyne, to take charge of the 
Parish of St. John. Here he labored 
two years, when he was unanimously 
elected to his present position, which 
he entered upon in 1873. In 1876, he 
was appointed by the Bishop, Honorary 
Canon and Trustee of Christ Church 
Cathedral, Fredericton. In 1883, he 
attended the General Convention of the 
American Church, as a delegate from 
the Provincial Synod of 
Canada. In 1888, he was 
chosen by the bishop to act 
as his commissary, dur- 
ing his absence of several 
months from the diocese. 
From 1885 to 1889, he was 
chaplain of St. George's 
Society, St. John. He re- 
ceived the appointment of 
Archdeacon, June, 1893. At 
present, he is Rural Dean 
of the Deanery of St. John, 
one of the governors of 
King's College, Windsor ; a 
governor of the Wiggins 
Male Orphan Institution, a 
member of Madras Board, 
vice-president of the Dio- 
cesan Church Society, and 
vice-president of the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Animals. In 1889, the 
degree of D.D. was conferred 
on him by King's College, 
Windsor. During his long 
pastorate in St. John, many 
changes have taken place, 
the greatest being the loss 
by fire, in 1877, of the 
church erected by the Loy- 
alists in 1791. 



28 



W XON. CHAS. B. ROULEAU, 
(S j^\ Supreme Court Judge of the 
V> N.-W.T. for the Judicial 
District of Northern Alberta, Calgary, 
Alta., was born December i3th, 1840, 
at Isle Yerte, Temiscouata County, 
P. Q. His parents were Joseph and 
Euphrosine (Patouel) Rouleau, who 
were also natives of the Province of 
Quebec, but the family originally came 
from Avranches, Normandy, France, 
and settled at St. Anne de la Pocatiere, 
Que., and their original property is 
still in the possession of the family. 
Judge Rouleau was educated at the 
Laval Normal School, Quebec, and in 

1860, engaged as a' profes- 
sor in the Aylmer Academy, 
P. Q., where he remained 
eleven months. June nth, 

1861, he was appointed In- 
spector of Catholic schools 
for the Ottawa District, 
which position he held until 
1876. On December i6th, 
1868, he was called to the 
Quebec Bar. In 1874, he 
was a defeated candidate for 
the Local House in the Ot- 
tawa County. He was ap- 
pointed District Magistrate 
for the District of Ottawa, 
July 1 2th, 1876, and held 
this position until 1883. On 
September 28th, of the lat- 
ter year, he was appointed 
Stipendiary Magistrate for 
the North-West Territory, 
and February i8th, 1884, 
was promoted to his present 
position. When Stipendi- 
ary Magistrate, he was ex- 
officio member of the North- 
West Council, and after his 
appointment as Judge of the 
Supreme Coiirt, he was ap- 
pointed also one of the legal 
experts of the North-West 



Legislative Assembly. Judge Rouleau 
is the author of " Notre Systeme Judi- 
ciaire," and of other articles concerning 
the judicature in Quebec. There are but 
few men in the Dominion who have 
made such constant and rapid progress 
as Judge Rouleau. In politics, he 
was a Liberal-Conservative, and in 
religion a Roman Catholic. He is 
Grand Deputy, for the North-West 
Territories, of the C.M.B.A., and one 
of the officers of the Grand Council of 
Ontario. He was married April nth, 
1877, to Miss Elvina Dumouchel, of 
St. Benoit, Que., by whom he has two 
daughters and one son. 





OK 



JAMES CONMEE, 
M. P. P., Railway 
Contractor, Port Ar- 
thur, Ont., was born in Grey 
County, Ont., October i3th, 
1848. He is a son of Mat- 
hew and Rosana (Shaugh- 
nessy) Conmee. When 
about fifteen years of age, 
he left school, and began to 
take hold of the practical 
affairs of life. In 1864, he 
enlisted in the 8th New 
York Cavalry, and was in 
active service under the late 
General Custer, at the close 
of the American war. After 
the war, he returned to 
Canada, and engaged in 
railway construction. Sec- 
tion "A" of the C. P. R. 
was let by the Government 
on his tender, he completing . 
a section of the work. In 
1882, he became actively 
engaged in several contracts 
on the Lake Superior sec- 
tion of that railway, under 
the North American Con- 
tracting Company, (i. e. the 
C. P. R. Co.), and it was in 
connection with one of these 
contracts that the now famous case of 
Conmee vs. the C. P. R. arose. Mr. 
Conmee was for several years a coun- 
cillor of Port Arthur, and was elected 
mayor in 1885; during that year also 
he was elected the first member for 
West Algoma for the Ontario Legisla- 
ture, an office which he has since held. 
In 1889, he became engaged in the 
building of the Port Arthur, Duluth and 
Western Railway, which was com- 
pleted in 1892. Mr. Conmee has been 
the means of placing some useful legis- 
lation on the Statute Books of the Pro- 
vince, among which may be mentioned 
the provisions of the Municipal Water 




Works Act, which gives the ratepayers 
the right to petition their council, also 
the Mining Schools Act, a much needed 
measure, by which the youth of Onta- 
rio may acquire scientific instruction in 
metallurgy and a practical knowledge 
of minerals, etc. Although a Liberal, 
he opposed the imposition of royalties 
on minerals, as enacted by the Mowat 
Administration in 1891, and it was 
owing to his efforts that the law was 
modified in 1892. In religion, he is a 
Roman Catholic. In 1874, he was 
married to Emily Florence, daughter 
of Joseph Cox, of St. Vincent, Ont., by 
whom he has five children. 




JOSEPH MARTIN, Barrister, 
Winnipeg, Man., was born in 
Milton, Ont., September 24th, 
1852. His parents were Edward and 
Mary Ann (Fleming) Martin, highly 
esteemed citizens of Milton, where his 
father was Reeve for some years, and 
where he carried on business for some 
time with John White, M.P. Mr. Mar- 
tin was educated at the Milton public 
school, the Toronto Normal School and 
Toronto University. In his early man- 
hood, he was a telegraph operator. He 
afterwards obtained a First-class Teach- 
er's certificate, and was appointed Prin- 
cipal of the public school, New Edin- 



burgh, Ont. Mr. Martin 
entered upon the study of 
law in Ottawa, but removed 
to Portage La Prairie, Man., 
early in 1882, and in August 
of the same year, was called 
to the Bar of Manitoba. In 
January, 1883, he was elect- 
ed a member of the Mani- 
toba Legislature, an honor 
he held continuously until 
May, 1892, when he retired 
from politics to more fully 
attend to his practice. From 
January, 1888, until May, 
1891, Mr. Martin was At- 
torney General and Railway 
Commissioner. While in 
the Government as Railway 
Commissioner, he took 
charge of the fight against 
the C. P. R. monopoly, and 
as Attorney General, cour- 
ageously introduced and 
carried through the School 
Act of 1890, abolishing 
separate schools in the Pro- 
vince of Manitoba, and the 
Act doing away with the 
official use o' the French 
language. Mr. Martin ar- 
gued the question of the 
constitutionality of the School Act of 
1890, before Judge Killam in the first 
place, the full Court of Queen's Bench 
in Manitoba, and the Supreme Court. 
He also appeared with Sir Horace 
Davey and Dalton McCarthy before the 
Privy Council in the same case. Mr. 
Martin, as might be expected, took 
charge of the Department of Education, 
under the new regime. The future 
historian of Manitoba must pay genuine 
tribute to the ability, sagacity and 
courage of the man whose portrait ap- 
pears on this page. On September 2nd, 
1 88 1, Mr. Martin was married to Mrs. 
E. J. Eaton, of Ottawa, Ont. 



OK CANADA. 



\\/ILLIAM JAS. LEWIS, M.D., 

V V M.P.P., Hillsboro, Albert Coun- 
ty, N.B., was born at that place, Sep- 
tember 25th, 1830. He is the son of 
Hon. John Lewis, M. L. C. whose 
father and grandfather came to this 
country with the U. E. Loyalists, in 
1783, and Lavinia Taylor, a native of 
Hillsboro, of Irish descent. Dr. Lewis 
received his early education at Hills- 
boro, and then Sackville Academy. 
He then studied medicine at the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, Scotland, gradu- 
ating from there also with first-class 
honors and the degree of M.D., in 1855, 
and the same year also graduated from 




the Royal College of Surgeons, Edin- 
burgh, with the degree of M.R.C.S.E. 
He then returned to New Brunswick, 
and commenced to practice at Hillsboro, 
where he has since remained, having a 
very large and lucrative practice. In 
1878, he entered the political field, and 
was elected to represent the County of 
Albert in the interests of the Conserv- 
ative party, and has continued to hold 
the office since that time with the ex- 
ception of one session, he was for a time 
member of the Hannington - Landry 
Government, until its defeat in 1883. 
Dr. Lewis has been an important fac- 
tor in the history of New Brunswick, 
and especially of Albert 
County, for nearly forty 
years. During this long pe- 
riod the public have had the 
benefit of his medical skill 
and able statesmanship. 
In either case the peoples' 
interests have always re- 
ceived able and satisfactory 
attention. He belongs to 
the I. O.K., and is court 
physician for Court Hills- 
boro, is a member of the 
Medical Association of New 
Brunswick. He was also 
School Trustee for a number 
of years, and is Coroner for 
the county. Dr. Lewis has 
been married twice : first, in 
1877, to Milessa, daughter 
of E. E. Steves, Esq., post- 
master of Hillsboro, and 
again in 1885, to Catharine, 
daughter of John Duffy, 
Esq., Hillsboro. His fami- 
ly consists of one daughter. 
Dr. Lewis' father was a 
member of the House of 
Assembly for nearly forty 
years, where he was a strong 
supporter of the Conserva- 
tive party. 



W T ON. NATHANIEL BO YD, 
C *X"| M.P., Dealer in high grade 

V> horses, cattle, sheep, etc., 
Carberry, Man., was born July gth, 
1853, in the County of Argenteuil, P.Q. 
His parents, Hugh and Maria (Kilfoyle) 
Boyd, are natives of Ireland, and are 
now living retired at Carberry. The 
former has held a lieutenant's commis- 
sion since, 1837. After completing his 
course in the common schools of Oxford 
County, Leeds and Grenville, Mr. Boyd 
continued his studies at the Grammar, 
School, Ottawa. Subsequently, for 
some four or five years, he engaged in 
railroad contracting with his father, 
then, for a similar period, 
devoted his attention to tel- 
egraphy, and was for some 
years employed in the House 
of Commons. At this time, 
he was considered one of 
the best operators in the 
Dominion. He then went 
back to railway contracting 
with his father, for about 
three years, on portions of 
what now constitutes the 
C.P.R. system. He then 
removed to Manitoba, and 
was employed by the Dom- 
inion Government, for two 
years, as chief train des- 
patcher and assistant super- 
intendent of Section 15, of 
the C. P. R., in Manitoba. 
He afterwards organized the 
wholesale and retail business 
of Boyd and Crow, which 
was the largest in Winni- 
peg for years. Their mills 
were situated at Rat Portage 
and on Lake Winnipeg. 
Mr. Boyd started the ranch- 
ing business in 1886, but 
did not dispose of his lum- 
ber interests until 1888. 
His ranch comprises some 



twenty-three thousand acres, and he 
manages his extensive stock raising and 
farming operations, in person. Mr. 
Boyd is of a retiring disposition, and 
has many times refused the honor of 
public office. He, however, was induced 
to oppose the Hon. Robert Watson, in 
1891, and through a technicality, failed 
to secure the seat, but on the resignation 
of Mr. Watson, was elected by accla- 
mation in 1892, to represent the Coun- 
ty of Marquette, in the House of Com- 
mons. He was married, June i2th, 
1878, to Miss Eliza Jane, daughter of 
Francis Abbott, of Ottawa, Ont. He 
has one son and one daughter, living. 




33 





EAN-BAPTISTE A. MARTIN, 
of the firm of Laporte, Martin & 
Cie, wholesale grocers, Montreal, 
P. Q., was born December gth, 1850, at 
Ste. Genevieve, County of Jacques-Car- 
tier, P. Q. He was educated at the pri- 
mary school of his birth place, and the 
English school at Lachine, and the 
Christian Brothers' School in Montreal. 
He began business, in 1864, as parcel 
carrier, and after three months, took a 
position in his native parish, as clerk. 
He has, since 1868, been in the whole- 
sale grocery business, alternately with 
Messrs. Gaucher & Telmosse, and L. O. 
Turgeon, and for thirteen years ac- 



countant and manager for 
N. Quintal, now N. Quintal 
& Fils. In 1888, he joined 
Mr. Laporte to form the pre- 
sent partnership with him, a 
man of great ability, whose 
business had become so ex- 
tensive, that he required a 
partner. Mr. Martin has 
been a member of the Mont- 
real Board of Trade since 
1887, and La Chambre de 
Commerce du District de 
Montreal since 1888. Not- 
withstanding his lack of 
early educational advant- 
ages, he has been a student 
all his life. He has a well 
selected library. Has been 
a lieutenant in the 65th and 
obtained a second and first- 
class Military Certificate. 
Mr. Martin belongs to the 
Roman Catholic Church, 
and has been for years 
secretary, and is now the 
president of the Congrega- 
tion, and secretary of the 
charitable institutions of the 
parish of St. Joseph, Mont- 
real. He is a member of 
many of the leading and 
benevolent societies of Montreal, such as 
1'Union St. Pierre, 1'Union St. Vincent, 
1'Alliance Nationaie, vice-president of 
the Societe des Artisans Canadiens- 
Franais, president of 1'Union St. 
Joseph, past president of 1' Association 
St. Jean-Baptiste, section St. Joseph, and 
director of 1'Association St. Jean-Bap- 
tiste of Montreal. In politics, he is a 
Liberal. He was first married Feb. aoth, 
1871, to Julie Gagnon, who died Feb. 
25th, 1878. He was married again on 
May 25th, 1880, to Marie Eleonore 
Elniina, daughter of Jos. Darveau, editor 
and printer, Quebec. His family con- 
sists of three sons and three daughters. 



34 



OF- 




M.HARRINGTON 
ELLIS, of the Col- 
onist, Victoria, B. C., was 
born in Port Hope, Ont., 
October 3ist, 1859. He re- 
ceived his education in the 
public schools and by pri- 
vate study. At eleven years 
of age, he was apprenticed to 
the printing trade, with the 
late J. B. Trayes, proprietor 
of the Times, Port Hope, 
where he remained until 
August 1878, when he re- 
moved to Rochester, N. Y. 
In 1879 ne returned to 
Ontario, and located in To- 
ronto, and in the same year 
removed to Montreal, and 
in March, 1882, located in 
Winnipeg, where he was 
manager of a printing busi- 
ness, and afterwards of the 
news room of the Free Press. 
In the Spring of 1883, he 
was induced to go to the 
Pacific Coast. A few months 
after his arrival in Victoria, 
he became manager of the 
Colonist practical depart- 
ments, under Hon. D. W. 
Higgins, then proprietor. 
In 1884 he was associated with Mr. 
Higgins in the literary department, in 
the production of a four-page-seven- 
column daily. In May, 1886, he re- 
signed this position, and entered the 
real estate business in Vancouver. In 
October of that year, Mr. Higgins, 
having been elected to the Provincial 
Parliament, Mr. Ellis and two others, 
purchased the Colonist, which up to 
September, 1892, was published by 
Ellis & Co., the general management 
being under the direction of Mr. Ellis. 
This paper (Conservative) has ad- 
vanced from a four page, seven column 
to an eight page, seven column, and is 




to-day, the organ of the Dominion and 
Provincial Governments, and credited 
with being one of the best edited news- 
papers in Canada. The Colonist has 
also lithograph, job and label depart- 
ments, and employs about 60 hands. 
In religion, Mr. Ellis is a communi- 
cant of the Episcopal Church, member 
of the A.F. & A.M., A.O.U.W., Man- 
chester Unity, I.O.O.F., and member 
of Council and Arbitration Board of 
Trade. He was married to Miss Ada 
Leslie Withrow. eldest daughter of 
David Withrow, Esq., formerly of St. 
John, N.B., but now of British Colum- 
bia. His family consists of three sons. 



35 





HOS. ANDERSON KINNEAR, 
Sackville, N. B., barrister-at-law, 
was born in Sackville, June 23rd, 1851. 
He is the son of George Lennox Kin- 
near. He received his education in 
Sackville, Saint John, and Fredericton, 
N.B. His bright educational course 
gave promise of the ability which he 
has since displayed. He then taught 
school in Sackville for five years, and 
commenced the study of law in the 
office of W. J. Gilbert, Q.C., in Shediac, 
N.B., in 1878. He was called to the 
Bar in 1883, an d immediately began to 
practice in Sackville, where he has 
worked up a large and lucrative prac- 



tice. He was clerk of the Circuits of 
Westmoreland for three years. In 
religion, he is a member of the Baptist 
Church, and one of its trustees. He 
was grand secretary, for five years, of 
the Loyal Orange Association of the 
Province of New Brunswick, and for 
three years, R. W. Grand Master for 
the province. In politics, he is a 
Liberal, but does not take a very active 
part in political matters. He was 
married, on the fifth of September, 
1888, to Miss Mary A. Lawson, 
youngest daughter of the Rev. David 
Charles Lawson, of Westmoreland 
Point, N. B. 



CANADA. 





. ALEXANDER ANDER- 
SON, Vancouver, B.C., real 
estate dealer, was born Jan- 
nary 28th, 1860, at Eldon, P.E.I., and 
is of Scotch descent. He received his 
education in the public and grammar 
schools of Eldon, the Normal School 
and Prince of Wales College, of 
Charlottetown, P.E.I., graduating from 
the latter in 1881. He then removed 
to Victoria, B.C., and passed the provin- 
cial examination, securing a first-class 
teacher's certificate. After teaching a 
short time, he established himself in 
business in Victoria. IniSS/, he sold 
his business and removed to Vancouver, 



where he has been very successful. 
Besides his extensive city and farm 
property, Mr. Anderson owns large 
mining interests in the province, and is 
often referred to as the " Real Estate 
King." He is an alderman, and chair- 
man of the Finance Committee ; a mem- 
ber of the Vancouver Board of Trade, 
the St. Andrew's Society, and the 
I.O.O.F. In politics, he is a Conser- 
vative, and in religion, a Presbyterian. 
He was married, September 24th, 
1889, to Miss Alice Alexander, only 
daughter of Rev. W. W. Percival, M.A., 
Ph.D., Toronto, by whom he has one 
daughter. 



37 




,EV. JAMES CRISP, 
Methodist minister, 
Sussex, N.B., was 
born at Stratton, Norfolk, 
England, September 26th, 
1849. He is the second son 
of James and Sarah Crisp. 
He received his education 
at Brook's Academy, at 
Stratton. About the age of 
fourteen he was converted, 
and when nineteen years of 
age, was superintendent of 
the Sabbath School of the 
Wesleyan Church, at Strat- 
ton, and was enrolled as a 
local preacher, under the 
superintendency of Rev. 
T. G. Keeling, and started 
on the Attleborrough and 
New Buckingham circuit, 
where he remained for two 
years and nine months. At 
that time, application was 
made on behalf of the Con- 
ference of Eastern British 
America, for men, and after 
due consideration, he con- 
cluded to come to America, 
arriving at Halifax, 28th of 
June, 1872. After spending 
his first year in this country, 
he has never removed from a station 
until his full term of three years has 
expired. He was ordained at the Con- 
ference in St. Stephen, N.B., June, 1876, 
and has had continuous success. Dur- 
ing his stay on the Salisbury circuit, the 
congregations largely increased, and 
50 were added to the church, and dur- 
ing his stay at Pointe de Bute circuit, 
before coming to his present charge, 
98 new members were added. Mr. 
Crisp, was for five years assistant 
secretary of the New Brunswick Con- 
ference, and in 1892, by an almost 
unanimous vote, was elected to the office 
of secretary. He was married, Septem- 




ber 4th, 1876, to Mary, second daughter 
of Rev. James C. Knapton, of Hapton, 
Norfolk, England, who died September 
9th, 1886. His family consists of five 
children, three girls and two boys. 
He is a member of the Masonic Order, 
and was Worshipful Master for a term 
of two years. He is also an active 
member of the I.O.F., and High Chap- 
lain to the Order for New Brunswick, 
and has been the preacher of its anni- 
versary sermons. He has also taken a 
deep interest in the enforcement of 
the Scott Act. During his short stay 
at Sussex, the improved condition of 
the church is most satisfactory. 




JS. BOUSQUET, manager of the 
. People's Bank, Montreal, P. Q., 
was born at Longueuil, P. Q., 
in 1856. He is the son of Stanislas 
Bousquet, contractor, of Longueuil. 
When quite young, he entered the 
College of the Clercs of St. Viateur, 
where he received a good practical 
education. The courses taught, were 
semi-classical and semi-commercial. 
He stood high in mathematics, and 
his teachers were some of the most dis- 
tinguished professors of the religious 
order. Mr. Bousquet, who possessed 
more than an ordinary aptitude for 
figures, soon attracted the attention of 



the professors, who took an 
interest in breaking to him 
the secrets of the arduous 
science, to which he some- 
what owes his high position 
in the financial world. Not 
only in mathematics did he 
excel, but during each term 
he was at the college, he 
carried off prizes. At the 
age of sixteen he began life 
for himself, and for three 
years was employed in a 
grocery store as book-keeper, 
which position he left to 
enter the People's Bank, in 
which institution he held 
all the oifices, up to that of 
manager. It was predicted 
that the young mathemati- 
cian of Longueuil College, 
would create for himself, by 
his talent and hard study, 
a high position. He did 
not lose his love of mathe- 
matical study, but on the 
contrary not only delights 
himself in it, but has added 
to it the science of political 
economy, to which he con- 
tinues to add the every day 
observation, which his posi- 
tion permits him to do. Mr. Bousquet 
is one of those men of the future, who 
will count in French Canadian national- 
ity. The last report of the People's 
Bank, shows for that institution, a very 
progressive standing, which is due to 
a great extent to its manager's zeal 
and grasp of financial questions, and 
his speeches delivered at each of the 
general meetings of the shareholders 
are worthy of the careful consideration 
of business men. There are but few 
men who have made such rapid pro- 
gress in so short a time. His career 
is an illustration of what intelligence, 
principle and energy will accomplish. 



39 




JOSEPH EMERY DORfi, the 
first sanitary engineer of the 
city of Montreal, was born April 
iQth, 1858, at Laprairie, P. Q. His 
parents were Pierre Dore and Esther 
Brosseau. He received his classical 
education at the Jesuits' College, and 
1'Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal. 
After leaving school he accepted an 
appointment in the Railway and Canal 
Department at Ottawa, in the outside 
service, on the Chambly Canal, which 
position he occupied for five years. He 
then spent one year in the United 
States, working on railroads, construc- 
tion and bridge work, after which he 



returned to Canada, and opened the 
office of Dore & Charbonneau, civil 
engineers, land surveyors and archi- 
tects, and was the senior member of 
this firm for three years, when he re- 
signed and accepted the appointment 
of sanitary engineer. His thorough 
education, professional training, and 
long experience, constitute him one of 
the best equipped sanitary officers in the 
Dominion, and being yet in his prime, 
his fellow citizens hope to enjoy the 
benefit of his services for a long time to 
come. In religion, Mr. Dore is a Ro- 
man Catholic. He is also a member of 
the Ancient Order United Workmen. 





LEX. ROBINSON, B.A., prin- 
cipal, Hall School, Vancouver, 
B.C., was born February 
24th, 1863, at St John, N.B. His par- 
ents were James and Jane (Magee) Rob- 
inson, both North of Ireland Presby- 
terians. Mr. Robinson received his 
education in the Sussex Public School, 
Fredericton Normal School, Pictou 
Academy, and Dalhousie College, gra- 
duating from the latter in 1886. He 
then took charge of the Superior 
School of Campbellton, N.B., conduct- 
ing it successfully for three years. In 
January, 1890, he was appointed prin- 
cipal of the Vancouver, B.C., public 



schools, and in July 1891, was promoted 
to his present position. From the time 
he took charge in Vancouver, until 
this time (1893) the teaching staff has 
been increased from 17 to 40. At the 
Normal School, he carried off the Lome 
Silver ,Medal, for proficiency in pro- 
fessional work, and was the third 
man who took first-class honors in the 
history of Dalhousie College, winning 
the Lansdowne gold medal. In politics, 
he is a conservative, and in religion a 
Presbyterian. He was married, March 
I4th, 1892, to Miss Emma Hay, daugh- 
ter of J. M. Hay, Esq., of Amherst, N.S., 
by whom he has one daughter. 



W XARRY GOODSIR MACKID, 
*J~\ M. B., M. D., C. M., L. R. C. P., 
VS) L.R.C.S., L. M. of Edin- 
burgh, and I,. P.P. and S. of Glasgow, 
practicing physician and surgeon, Cal- 
gary, Alberta, was born on the iQth of 
August, 1858, at Goderich, Out. His 
parents were Rev. Alexander and Julia 
(Brown) Mackid. His mother was born 
in England, while his father was a 
native of Caithness, Scotland. Dr. 
Mackid received his primary education 
in the public and High schools of 
Goderich, and subsequently took a 
regular course in the University of 
Toronto, and graduated from the To- 




ronto School of Medicine in 1879. He 
then practiced his profession at Luck- 
now, Ont, for three years, and at 
Seaforth, Ont., for four years, after 
which he proceeded to Europe, and 
pursued his studies for some years in 
Edinburgh, Glasgow, London, Paris, 
Hamburg, Vienna and Berlin. For 
a time he was also a pupil of James 
Stewart, professor of diseases of the 
nervous system in McGill College, 
Montreal, Que. After returning to 
Canada, he removed west, and com- 
menced his profession in Calgary early 
in the year 1890, where he has since re- 
mained, and is now in the enjoyment of 
a large practice, and is much 
respected by all classes, 
both for his professional 
skill as well as for his social 
worth. He is now (1893) 
president of the Medical 
Association of the North- 
West Territory, also a mem- 
ber of the council of C.P. & 
S., and a coroner for the 
North-West Territory. He 
also belongs to the A. F. & 
A.M., I.O.O.F. and I.O.F. 
In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian. He was married, 
January loth, 1881, to Miss 
Mathilda, daughter of L. G. 
Meyer, clerk of the Court at 
Seaforth, Ont. His family 
consists of one son. When 
at Seaforth, Ont., Dr. Mac- 
kid was a member of the 
Town Council, and is now 
a member of the Calgary 
High School Board. He is a 
manifold man and seems 
capable of doing many 
things with distinguished 
success. He is a thorough 
student and keeps abreast of 
the age in all that concerns 
medicine and surgery. 



MBN 




,EV. JOHN SANDERS SUTH- 
ERLAND, B.A., Presbyterian 
minister, Sussex, N.B. was 
born July 29th, 1866, at Little Harbor, 
N.S. He is the son of Rev. John Alex- 
ander Fraser Sutherland, now minister 
of Selkirk, Manitoba, and of Bessie 
Arundel (Sanders) Sutherland ; the 
former of whom was born in New 
Glasgow, N.S., and the latter in the 
United States. His grandfather was 
one of the early settlers in New Glas- 
gow. When quite young Mr. Suther- 
land went with his parents to New 
Zealand, where his father was settled 
in the town of Ross. After remaining 
two years, they returned 
to Nova Scotia, and his 
father was stationed at St. 
Croix, Hants County, where 
our subject attended school. 
He subsequently attended 
the Halifax High School, 
and matriculated into Dal- 
housie College, in 1883. 
Here he won a George 
Munro Bursary of $150 a 
year, for two years, and had 
a very successful college 
course. At the end of his 
second year, he won prizes 
in English literature, logic 
and psychology and also 
the New Shakespeare So- 
ciety's prize. He then had 
to abandon study for one 
year, on account of ill 
health. At the beginning 
of his third year in arts, he 
won the 2nd Munro Ex- 
hibition of $200 a year for 
two years, and after pro- 
secuting special studies in 
English literature and his- 
tory, graduated B. A. in 
1888, with first rank honors, 
and the Governor-General's 
Silver Medal. The follow- 



ing summer, he obtained an academy 
license in Nova Scotia, and taught for 
some time, when, realizing his call to 
the ministry, he took a theological 
course in the Presbyterian College, 
Halifax, and graduated in 1892, being 
valedictorian of his class. He was one of 
the promoters and editors of the college 
paper, and when at Dalhousie, was an 
editor of the Dalhousie Gazette. Dur- 
ing vacation he was engaged in mission 
work in Pictou and Halifax Pres- 
byteries. He was licensed by the lat- 
ter presbytery May 5th, 1892. On re- 
ceiving a call from Sussex, was ordained 
and inducted there June 28th, 1892. 




43 




^p<DWARD DAGENAIS, 1058 to 
1062 Ontario street, Montreal, 
~"V^> Que., dry goods merchant, 
was born in the year 1860, at Sault-au- 
Recollet, County of Hochelaga, Que. 
His parents were F. and Henrietta 
( Dessaultelle ) Dagenais, who were 
farmers. He received his education at 
St. Bridget School, Montreal, and by 
diligent private study. He commenced 
business in 1884, in Montreal, on 
Ontario street, where he has since 
continued and where he has succeeded 
in building up a very large business. 
The secret of his success is to be 
attributed to his thorough knowledge 



of his business, and the confidence of 
his customers in his honesty and in- 
tegrity. In religion, he is a Roman 
Catholic. He also belongs to the 
Independent Order of Foresters, the 
St. Jean-Baptiste and St. Joseph so- 
cieties. He fills many important offices, 
and among these, a director of the new 
Merchants' Telephone Company, and 
in 1892, elected to represent the St. 
Mary Ward of Montreal, as alderman. 
In politics, he is a Conservative, taking 
a lively interest in the welfare of that 
party. Mr. Dagenais was married, in 
1883, to Emma Racicot. His family 
consists of one son and one daughter. 



44 



MEN 





ERBERT ERNEST HALL, 
.D.S., New Westminster, B.C., 
was born August i5th, 1864, 
in Gloucester Township, Carleton Coun- 
ty, Ontario. His parents removed to 
Victoria, British Columbia, when Dr. 
Hall was only eleven years of age. His 
father was Lewis Hall and his mother 
Elizabeth (Beardmore) Hall, formerly 
natives of Staffordshire, England, 
who, after spending some time in Aus- 
tralia and other parts of the world, 
settled in Ontario, in 1862. After a 
good English ediication, obtained from 
the public schools and by private study, 
Dr. Hall entered the Philadelphia 



Dental College, in 1890, and graduated 
from there in 1892. He proved himself 
to be a diligent student, and passed his 
professional examination with great 
credit both to himself and his professors. 
He at once went to New Westminister, 
B.C., and established himself in his pre- 
sent location, where he is building up a 
large practice. In religion, Dr. Hall 
is a Methodist, and president of the 
Epworth League in connection with 
that church. He is also a member of 
the Y.M.C.A., I.O.F. and Royal Tem- 
plars. He was married, May 3ist, 1886, 
to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Herd, of Perth, Scotland. 



CANADA. 



45 




. JAMES GRAY, M.A., re- 
tired Presbyterian clergyman, 
_ Sussex, N.B., was born at 
Longside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 
February i9th, 1818. He is the son 
of John Gray and Elizabeth (Ramsay) 
Gray. He received only a limited edu- 
cation at the parish schools, which he 
left at eleven years of age to work on a 
farm, which occupation he followed for 
seven or eight years. He then obtained 
a situation in Peterhead, and attended 
evening school and studied in his leisure 
hours, and thus prepared himself for 
entering the Grammar School, and 
Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he 
took a full course, and gra- 
duated M.A. He then en- 
tered the Theological Hall, 
at Aberdeen, and studied 
under professors McLagan, 
Bryce, Davidson and Long- 
muir, for three years, and 
a fourth year in Edin- 
burgh, under Dr. Cunning- 
ham, and others. He then 
returned to Aberdeen, and 
taught in an Academy. 
He was licensed by the 
Presbytery of Aberdeen, in 
1851, and continued teach- 
ing and preaching, as oc- 
casion demanded until 1856, 
when, at the solicitation 
of the Colonial Committee 
of the Free Church, he 
came to New Brunswick, 
and was sent to Sussex, and 
surrounding stations, with 
a view of getting families to- 
gether and organizing con- 
gregations. Receiving a 
unanimous call, he settled in 
Sussex, and was the means 
of getting three churches 
built in different districts. 
He remained in Sussex 
thirty one years, retiring in 



1887. At first his field of labor was 
very extensive, covering an area of 
about 50 square miles, and when he re- 
tired he left all the congregations, 
churches and manses, without a dollar 
of debt on them. Mr. Gray was mod- 
erator of the Synod of New Brunswick, 
when it united with the Synod of Nova 
Scotia, in 1866. He was married, in 
1852, to Margaret, daughter of James 
Ligertwood, builder, of Aberdeen, who 
died February 23rd, 1888; he was mar- 
ried again in November 5th, 1889, to 
Jane, daughter of William McAuley, of 
King's County, N.B., by whom he has 
two daughters. 




4 6 



7T E. HARVEY, M.D., reeve of 
j[^ \ Wyoming, Ont., was born in 
V) 1841, in Hants County, N.S. 
His father, Andrew Harvey, B.A., 
P.L.S., was also a native of Hants 
County, and praticed his profession 
both in Nova Scotia, and afterwards in 
Norfolk County, Ont., where he re- 
moved in 1851, and where for sometime 
he acted as superintendent of public 
schools. At his own expense, he put 
the Ten Commandments in tablet form, 
into all the schools of his county, and 
the Rev. Dr. Ryerson, upon his sug- 
gestion, had them introduced into all 
the Canadian public schools. He was 




a staunch Presbyterian, a profound 
scholar, a life long Reformer, and a 
man of upright Christian character. 
His wife, Abigail Harvey, was a very 
estimable woman. She died in 1892, 
having survived her husband nearly 
20 years. Dr. Harvey, his son, received 
his primary education chiefly by the 
private tuition of his father, during 
leisure hours, as he worked on the farm 
in summer, and in the lumber woods 
in winter. When eighteen he began 
teaching school, and after three or four 
years, entered Queen's University, 
Kingston, graduating M.D. in 1869. 
He then located in Wyoming, where 
he has practised ever since. 
He has been thrice married ; 
first to Margaret, daughter 
of Robert Willis, of Nor- 
folk, by whom he had two 
daughters ; then to Cath- 
erine, daughter of John 
McLetire, Esq., of Plympton 
Township, and after her 
death, to his second wife's 
sister, Jennie McLeure, by 
whom he has three children. 
Dr. Harvey, in addition 
to his medical labors, car- 
ries on farming on an ex- 
tensive scale, and also keeps 
a large apiary. Like his 
father before him, he is a 
staunch Reformer, secretary 
of the Wyoming Reform 
Association, and an out and 
out Free Trader. He is an 
adherent of the Presbyterian 
Church, also belongs to the 
A.F. and A.M., in which 
order he is D.D.G.M., of 
St. Clair Div. No. 2. The 
doctor has been for years 
a prominent and influential 
member of the Wyoming 
Board of Education, and 
reeve of the municipality. 



1VEEK 



47 




f ;E> w, 





FATHER EDWARD 
JOHN BYRNE, B.A., of Sus- 
sex, N.B., was born in Sus- 
sex, N.B., September nth, 1867. He 
is the son of James Byrne and Sarah 
Green. His father was a native of 
Tyrone, Ireland, while his mother was 
from Toronto, Out. His parents were 
earnest Christian people, who devoted 
their son Edward to the church and 
the cause of religion, early in life. 
Father Byrne received his early edu- 
cation in Sussex, where he made com- 
mendable progress. He entered St. 
Joseph College, Memramcook, N.B., in 
1882, and studied there until 1889, 



when he went to the Grand Seminary, 
Montreal, received minor orders, re- 
maining there two years, subsequently 
returning to Memramcook, and finish- 
ing his theological studies there. His 
educational course was most successful, 
he stood high in his classical studies, 
and being impressed with his sacred 
calling, had a very successful course 
in theology. He was valedictorian of 
the class, in 1889, tne largest class that 
the college has so far sent forth. He 
was ordained by Bishop Sweeny, at the 
Cathedral, in St. John, N.B., on the 
1 8th of June, 1892, and has since been 
stationed at Sussex. 



4 8 




WTUGH M. COOPER, M.D., New 
cr t""l Westminster, B.C., was born 
Vs> December lyth, 1840, at 
Thornhill, Ont. His father, Joseph 
Cooper, was a native of Ireland, and his 
mother, Christina Muttart, was born on 
Prince Edward Island. Dr. Cooper 
attended school in his native place, and 
then studied classics under Rev. E. H. 
Dewar, of Thornhill. In 1860, he en- 
tered Trinity College, Toronto, where 
he took a three years' course. He then 
practiced Hydropathy in Michigan. 
In 1869, he entered Huron College, 
London, Ont., graduating in theology 
in 1870; and was ordained deacon the 



same year, and priest in 1871. He was a 
clergyman of the Episcopal Church for 
ten years in Eastwood, Brussels, and 
Listowel, Out., after which he resumed 
the practice of medicine at Saginaw, 
Michigan. He attended two sessions 
in Michigan Medical College, Detroit, 
graduating in 1883. In 1884, he re- 
moved to New Westminster, B.C. He is 
a member of the A.O.F., I.O.O.F., C.O. 
O.K., C.O.F., K. of P., and the Orange 
Order. He is a Conservative. In 1868, 
he married Mrs. Lydia Watterbery, of 
Belmont, Ont., and after her death, Mar- 
garet Galbraith, of New Westminster, in 
1889, by whom he has one daughter. 



OK 



49 



GUY CAMPBELL, con- 
tractor, Ottawa, Ont., 
was born February Qth, 
1847, in Plynipton Town- 
ship, Larnbton County, Ont. 
His parents, Robert and 
Marian (Pettigrew) Camp- 
bell, were among the earliest 
and most highly respected 
pioneers of Lambton Coun- 
ty. His father, a native 
of Glasgow, Scotland, came 
in early life to Canada, but 
went to the United States, 
where, for some years, he 
was superintendent of large 
cotton mills. He afterwards 
settled in Plympton, and 
died in 1878, in Wyoming, 
Ont., Their family con- 
sisted of five sons and two 
daughters. Mr. Guy Camp- 
bell received only a public 
school education, and at 
eighteen struck out for him- 
self. He was soon engaged 
on public works in the 
United States, in different 
capacities. In 1875, he be- 
gan operations on the C.P. 
R., and continued with the 
road until its completion. 
He built the bridges from Port Arthur 
to Winnipeg, and in partnership with 
Mr. O'Neil, took contracts in construct- 
ing the road between Winnipeg and 
the Rockies. He also built many of 
the bridges along the North Shore of 
Lake Superior, and in 1882-83, built 
the Broadway bridge across the Red 
River at Winnipeg. From 1885 to I ^9 1 ^ 
he built ten miles of the P. & P. J. 
Railway, 5 miles of the C.P.R., between 
Montreal and Smith's Falls, 15 miles 
of the Temenescotta Railway, between 
Riviere du Loup and Edmunton, N.B., 
7 miles of the grading of the O. & N.G. 
Railway, in Nova Scotia, and 22 miles 




of the " Missing Link," between Anna- 
polis and Digby, N.S., on which latter, 
some very difficult and expensive bridge 
construction was necessary. Mr. Camp- 
bell is a member of the A. F. & A. M., 
and A. O. U. W. In politics, he is a 
Conservative, and in religion, a Presby- 
terian. He was married, April 9th, 
1883, to Maggie, eldest daughter of 
Robt. McKim, formerly of Perth, Ont., 
but now of Bay City, Mich. His family 
consists of two children. Mr. Campbell 
possesses in a marked degree the respect 
and esteem of his fellow men, and his 
energy and enterprise are well worthy 
the emulation of our Canadian youth. 



IVLEN 




LEONARD ALLISON, Barrister, 
Sussex, Kings County, N.B., was 
^Vs> born at Newport, Hants County, 
N. S., March 3rd, 1855. He is the 
eldest child of John Allison and his 
wife Rachel S., second daughter of 
Anthony Shaw, Esq., of Newport. He is 
a great-great-grandson of Joseph Allison, 
of Newport, Liinavady, near London- 
derry, Ireland, the founder of the Allison 
family in N. S., and nephew of David 
Allison, LL-D., president of Mount 
Allison University, Sackville, N. B., 
and of W. Henry Allison, representa- 
tive of Hants County for two terras in 
the Nova Scotia Legislature, and sub- 



sequently for a like period 
in the Dominion Parliament. 
He received his early educa- 
tion in the common schools 
of Newport, and in 1870, 
entered Sackville Academy. 
Winning an Alumni schol- 
arship, he matriculated next 
year at the college there, 
and having taken several 
valuable prizes, he graduat- 
ed B.A., May 25th, 1875, as 
valedictorian of his class. 
He then spent six years as 
teacher of classics in Sack- 
ville Academy. In June, 
1880, he entered as law 
student with Albert S. 
White, Esq., of Sussex, now 
Solicitor-General of N. B., 
but continued at Sackville 
until June 1882, reading, 
law with H. A. Powell, Esq., 
now M.P.P. for Westmore- 
land County. He then 
studied with Silas Alward, 
Esq., D.C.L., of St. John, 
N. B., until the following 
March, when he returned to 
Sussex and completed his 
term with Mr. White. On 
admission as Attorney, June 
1 4th, 1883, he formed with Mr. White, 
the law firm of White & Allison, which 
became White, Allison & King, July 
22nd, 1889. Mr. Allison was sworn in 
as Barrister, June 26th, 1884, a "d mar- 
ried June 1 7th, 1885, to Ada S., eldest 
daughter of John Murray, Esq., of 
Penobsquis, N. B. He is an adherent 
of the Methodist Church, and leader of 
the choir in connection therewith at Sus- 
sex. He has written a pamphlet on the 
Early History of Sussex, and has contri- 
buted to the " Toronto Globe " for 1890, 
and to the " Dominion Illustrated " for 
1891, views of numerous places of inter- 
est in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. 





,EV. PHILIPPE LOUIS BEL- 
LIVEAU, Barachois,Westmore- 
land County, N.B., was born 
at Belliveau Village, Parish of Memram- 
cook, N.B., June 2ist, 1861. He is the 
son of the late Frangois J. and Madeleine 
Belliveau, the former was a Customs 
officer for over forty years in the parish 
of Dorchester, N.B. Father Belliveau 
received his early education at the 
village schools, and when thirteen years 
of age, entered St. Joseph's College, 
Memramcook, in September, 1874, and 
remained there for 7 years, graduating 
in June, 1881. He then entered the 
Grand Seminary, Montreal, September 



2oth, 1 88 1, was ordained by Bishop 
Fabre, December 2oth, 1884, and imme- 
diately after was sent as curate to the vil- 
lage of Richibucto, Kent County, and 
after staying there six weeks, was trans- 
ferred to Sussex, Kings County, where 
he was curate to Rev. James Vereker for 
fifteen months. On June ist, 1886, he 
was given charge of the Parish, where 
he continued until November ist, 1892, 
when he was removed to the Parish of 
Barachois, his present field of labor. 
Father Belliveau is a very eloquent 
preacher, a fluent speaker in both lan- 
guages, and while at college, secured 
most of the honors open to his class. 



MKISI 




TT RTHUR DUBUC, contractor, 
_X~\ Montreal, P.Q., was born Jan- 
VS> nary 8th, 1847, in Montreal. 
His parents were Casimir Dubuc, and 
Zoe Darche, the former a merchant 
tailor of Montreal. Mr. Dubnc received 
his education at the Christian Brothers' 
School, Montreal, and then learned the 
printing trade. He was afterwards a 
bookkeeper in Montreal, for three years, 
and then went into stone cutting, which 
business he followed for a similar period, 
and at the age of twenty-one, began as 
a contractor, which business he con- 
tinued to follow, and has built up a 
very large connection. In religion, 



Mr. Dubuc is a Roman Catholic, and in 
politics, an active Conservative. He is a 
member of St. Vincent de Paul, contrac- 
tors St. Jean-Baptiste, Chambre de Com- 
merce, and several other societies. In 
1878, he was elected alderman for St. 
Louis Ward, and has represented it ever 
since, being elected twice by contest, 
three times by acclamation, and was 
acting mayor for some time. Mr. 
Dubuc was married, in 1873, to Ange- 
line Racicot, daughter of Christopher 
Racicot, deceased, who was one of the 
oldest and leading architects of Mont- 
real. His family consists of seven 
children living. 



53 





,BV. DYSON HAGUE, M.A., 
Rector of St. Paul's Church, 
_ Halifax, N.S., was born in 
April, 1857, at Toronto, Ont. He is 
the second son of Mr. George Hague, 
general manager of the Merchants' 
Bank of Canada, and the well-known 
Canadian banker, a man to whom the 
banking institutions of Canada owe 
much. Rev. Mr. Hague received his 
education, first at Upper Canada Col- 
lege, and continued it at University 
College, Toronto. He graduated B.A. 
from Toronto University in 1880, and 
received the degree of M.A. from the 
same institution in 1881, He is also 



a graduate in theology, of 
Wyclyffe College, Toronto. 
He was ordained deacon in 
1882, by the Bishop of Tor- 
onto, and was for three 
years curate of St. James 
Cathedral in that city. In 
1885 he was appointed first 
rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Brockville, and in 1890, was 
appointed to the rectorship 
of St. Paul's, Halifax, N.S., 
the oldest Protestant Church 
in the Dominion of Canada, 
and the largest in the Mari- 
time Provinces. It was 
built of cedar, pine and oak 
brought in a vessel from 
Boston, and opened for div- 
ine service September 2nd, 
1750. It is covered with 
memorial tablets of the 
famous citizens, statesmen, 
and divines, and the Coats 
of Arms of deceased noble- 
men and others. It accom- 
modates about 2,000 people. 
The orginal building stands, 
although a chancel and 
wings have been added. 
Mr. Hague has shown him- 
self to be a u workman that 
needeth not to be ashamed," in his form- 
er churches, and during the time he 
has been rector of St. Paul's, he has 
displayed not less conspicuous ability 
than his illustrious predecessors, earn- 
ing for himself the love and esteem of 
his parishioners. He was married, in 
1884, to the eldest daughter of the late 
Robert Baldwin, Esq., of Toronto, 
whose portrait and biography appear 
in Vol. II. of " The Canadian Album." 
His family consists of three children. 
Mr. Hague is the author of the " Pro- 
testantism of the Prayer," a work which 
has had a second edition published in 
England. 



54 



CANADA. 




,EV. JOHN HAR- 
DEN BEST, Bapt- 
_ ist Minister, New 
Westminster, B.C., was born 
in Millford, Carlow County, 
Ireland, April 2ist, 1855. 
He came to Canada with his 
parents in 1857, and settled 
in Kent County, Ontario, 
where he received his prim- 
ary education. When four- 
teen years of age he was 
converted and has since that 
time devoted his life to 
Christian work. At the 
age of sixteen, he not un- 
frequently occupied vacant 
pulpits, and otherwise took 
prominent part in Christian 
work. In 1872, he en- 
tered the Woodstock Col- 
lege, where he completed 
his literary and theological 
course, graduating in the 
Spring of 1879. He was 
ordained in May of that 
year at Uxbridge, Ont., 
where he remained two 
years, and had much ma- 
terial and spiritual pros- 
perity. He then succeeded 
the late Rev. Dr. T. L. 
Davidson, at Chatham, Ont., his old 
Church home. His pastorate there, 
was one of continual prosperity, and 
his church made rapid progress. In 
the Spring of 1885, Mr. Best resigned 
his Chatham charge, and removed to 
a new congregation in the town of 
Brandon, Manitoba, where he spent 
five years, and succeeded in establish- 
ing a strong and self-supporting church. 
During his ministry in Brandon, he 
devoted one year to the superintendency 
of Baptist Missions, and under his 
management a brighter day for mission 
work dawned on Manitoba, and the 
North-West Territories. Fourteen new 




churches were organized, pastors set- 
tled, and an impetus given to the work, 
which it has not since lost. In May, 
1890, he received and accepted a call to 
his present charge, the Olivet Baptist 
Church, New Westminster, B.C., the 
oldest Baptist Church on the mainland 
of British Columbia, and the largest in 
the Province. His three years pastorate 
have seen gratifying improvements of 
the church edifice, and increase of the 
congregation membership. He is a 
member of the A. F. & A. M. and 
I.O.O.F. orders. Mr. Best was married, 
March i7th, 1885, to Sadie, daughter of 
J. S. McCaul, Esq., Toronto, Ont. 



IVIKN OR CANADA.. 




JOSHUA NEWTON SMITH, 
M.D., Hampton, Kings County, 
N.B., was born at Smith town, 
Hampton, June 2Qth, 1855. He is the son 
of the late Joshua and Charity Eliza Ann 
Smith, of Kings County, who are des- 
cended from U.E. Loyalist stock. His 
paternal grandfather was formerly from 
Brooklyn, N.Y. Dr. Smith received 
his early education at the public schools 
in Hampton, during his spare time, 
while working on his father's farm. 
He then attended the Normal School, 
at Fredericton, N.B., during the term 
1875-76. After receiving his license as 
public school teacher, he taught in 



Rothesay and Norton parishes, County 
of Kings, N.B. While engaged in teach- 
ing, he was also diligently studying 
medicine. He graduated M.D. at the 
University of the City of New York, 
March 6th , 1 88 1 , and at once commenced 
practice in Hampton. In religion, Dr. 
Smith is a member of the Evangelical 
Church of England, and belongs to 
the Free Masons, I. O. F. Order of 
Unity, Y.M.C.A., and Temperance so- 
cieties. He is examining physician 
for the leading assurance companies. 
He was married June nth, 1884, to 
Anna A., daughter of Ramsay Jackson, 
Esq., of Norton, N.B. 



CA.NADA. 




-4 irERMAN LEWIS McINNIS, 
(3 jH M.D.C.M., Edmonton, Alberta, 
VS> was born October I3th, 1863, 
at St. John, N.B. His parents were 
J. L. and Mary (Lewis) Mclnnis. His 
father was Irish, while his mother was 
of Puritan stock. The former is at 
present auditor in the Customs Depart- 
ment, Winnipeg. Dr. Mclnnis was edu- 
cated in the College and University of 
Fredericton, N.B. In 1879, he joined 
his parents at Winnipeg, Manitoba. He 
followed the business of chemist for five 
years, two before he removed west, and 
three at Winnipeg. He graduated 
M.D.C.M., from Manitoba University, 



in 1886, from which institution he also 
carried off the gold medals. ITI 1885, 
he served as assistant surgeon in the 
medical corps, during the North-West 
Rebellion. In the Fall of 1886, he re- 
moved to Edmonton, where he has a 
large practice, and is greatly esteemed. 
In 1890, he proceeded to Europe, and 
further prosecuted his studies in Vi- 
enna, Berlin and London. Dr. Mclnnis 
makes a specialty of diseases of child- 
ren. He is a member of the A.O.F., 
and is senior coroner, for the Edmonton 
district, with rights for the entire 
North-West Territory. In politics, he 
is a Liberal-Conservative. 



OK 



57 




GIBSON, M.D., Wat- 
ford, Ont., was born June 27th, 
, i n Lobo Township, 
Middlesex County, Ont. His parents 
were Thomas and Betty (Thexton) 
Gibson, natives of England, who came 
to Canada, the father, over 60 years ago, 
and settled in Lobo, where they and 
their family, have always been held in 
the highest esteem for their industry 
and upright dealings. Dr. Gibson was 
ambitious when a boy and studied hard 
to excel. He obtained a Teachers' 
Certificate, and after teaching several 
years, attended the Western University, 
London, from which he graduated M.D. 




in 1886, and then located in Watford. 
He was a diligent student and passed 
all his examinations with great credit 
to himself and his professors. His 
practice is already large, and is still 
growing very satisfactorily. He ac- 
companied the yth Fusiliers, in 1885, to 
the North- West, as assistant-surgeon, 
and in the Fall of 1886, he took a trip 
to British Columbia and California. In 
religion, the Doctor is an Episcopalian, 
and is superintendent of the Sabbath 
School of that church in Watford. In 
politics, he is a staunch Conservative, 
an active and influential officer in his 
party, being president of the East 
Lambton Conservative As- 
^^HSCI sociation. He has all the 
qualities for a public man, 
and has been pressed to 
become a candidate for Mu- 
nicipal and Parliamentary 
honors, but his growing 
practice forbids. He, how- 
ever, takes an active in- 
terest in educational mat- 
ters, being chairman of the 
Public School Board of Wat- 
ford, and also president of the 
Watford Mechanics' Insti- 
tute, which he was largely 
instrumental in resuscitat- 
ing. Dr. Gibson is surgeon 
of the 2;th Battalion (St. 
Clair Borderers), and is also 
a prominent official in the 
C.O.F.,I.O.F.,L.O.L., I.O. 
O.F., Royal Arcanum and 
the K.O.T.M., in which 
latter order he is Provincial 
Physician for Ontario. In 
November aoth, 1888, he 
was married to Miss Ella 
Long, niece of Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Woods, old and 
highly esteemed residents of 
Watford. His family con- 
sists of two daughters. 




. MARTIN MURPHY, Civil 
Engineer, Halifax, N.S., second 
son of Thomas Murphy, con- 
tractor, was born at Ballindaggin, near 
Enniscarthy, County Wexford, Ireland, 
November nth, 1832. He was educated 
for the profession of Civil Engineering, 
and has been employed, without inter- 
mission, as a civil engineer and con- 
tractor, from 1852 to the present time. 
When only nineteen years of age, he 
joined the engineering staff of the late 
Wm. Dargan, and continued in the 
same employment for eleven years. 
During this period his practice extend- 
ed over the various public works of the 
time, constructed by Mr. 
Dargan in the four prov- 
inces of Ireland. At the 
age of twenty-four, he was 
engineer and manager of 
railway construction, and at 
thirty, was resident engineer 
of the lines of railway oper- 
ated by the Dublin, Wick- 
low and Wexford Railway 
Company, in which position 
he continued until he came 
to Canada in 1868. During 
1869 and 1870, he was en- 
gineer for the extension of 
new streets and sewerage in 
the city of Halifax, then for 
the next two years, he was 
employed by the Provincial 
Government of Nova Scotia, 
in making surveys for the 
extension of railways in 
Nova Scotia. He has been 
consulted by the Colonial 
Government of Newfound- 
land, by the Provincial Gov- 
ernment of New Bruns- 
wick, and has made an 
hydrographic survey for 
the Colonial Government of 
Bermuda. He is a Doctor 
of Science, D. Sc., and a 



member of the Canadian Society of 
Civil Engineers, president of Nova 
Scotia Institute of Science, lecturer in 
the class of Pure and Applied Science, 
Dalhotisie College, and has acted as 
examiner of graduates in engineering 
for King's College, Windsor. Doctor 
Murphy is the author of several papers 
on engineering subjects, which reflect 
great credit on him, and he is, in every 
sense of the word, qualified by thorough 
education, long and eventful experience, 
and natural adaption for the honorable 
and highly important profession in 
which he has been so long and success- 
fully engaged. 




59 





,EV. SAMUEL HOWARD, Me- 
thodist minister, Hampton, 
_ Kings County, N.B., was 
born at Cornwall, P.E.I., February 
2 ist, 1859. He is the son of Samuel 
and Mary Howard, both of that place. 
He received his early education at the 
Cornwall schools, and then spent two 
years at the Prince of Wales' College, 
Charlottetown, after which he entered 
Mount Allison University, at Sackville, 
N.B., remaining there for three years, 
and graduating from that institution in 
1884, with the degree of B.A. He 
then spent one year as assistant pastor 
of the Methodist Church at Frederic- 



ton, N.B. He was ordained at the 
June Conference in 1885, and sent to 
Hampton circuit. His next appoint- 
ment was the Richmond circuit, Carle- 
ton County, N.B., which he served for 
the full term of three years. He was 
then sent by the Conference to Center- 
ville,where he also remained three years, 
when he was invited to return to Hamp- 
ton for a second term, which he did in 
1892. Mr. Howard is an able minister 
of the Gospel. He was married, Dec- 
ember 24th, 1885, to Annie J., daughter 
of Donald and Jane Robertson, of Hard- 
wick, Northumberland County, N.B. 
His family consists of two sons, 



6o 






,EV. PETER M. MORRISON, 
agent of the Presbyterian 
Church in Canada, at Hal- 
ifax, N.S., was born July 25th, 1840, at 
St. James, N.B. His parents were Peter 
and Jane (McAskill) Morrison. The for- 
mer came from Edinburgh, about 1820, 
and took an active part in Church and 
political work. Mr. Morrison was 
educated at the common schools, the 
St. Andrew's Academy, and at the 
Presbyterian College, Halifax. He was 
ordained Sept., 1865, and took charge 
of the congregation of St. Stephen, N.B. 
In 1867, he removed to Bridgewater, 
N.S., and in 1877 went to Dartmouth, 



and remained until November, 1886, 
when he was called by the Synod of the 
Maritime Provinces, to be the agent of 
the eastern section of the Presbyterian 
Church in Canada. He is treasurer 
for all the missionary funds, and secre- 
tary of several missionary committees. 
He was clerk of the Presbytery of St. 
Stephen, N.B., from 1865 to 1867, and 
of that of Lnnenburg and Yarmouth, 
from 1869 to 1877, also clerk of the 
Synod of the Maritime Provinces, from 
1877 to 1886. He was married, Nov. 
29th, 1865, to Miss Kate McGeachy, 
of St. John, N.B., by whom he has five 
sons and five daughters. 



OF" 



61 




HOMAS B. TAYLOR, druggist 
and photographer, Watford, 
Ont., was born October 2oth, 1855, 
in North Crosby, Leeds County, Ont. 
His father, W. R. Taylor, when a 
young man, graduated in law, but 
afterwards gave his attention to oil 
painting and water colors, in which he 
attained considerable distinction. He 
died in 1885. His widow, Ellen O. 
Taylor, who is still living and resides 

Watford with her son, is a 



in 



daughter of the late Judge Taylor, of 
Hamilton, formerly an officer in the 
British Army. Mr. Taylor started 
in business for himself in Watford, 
when only sixteen years of 
age, without money or in- 
fluence, but possessing the 
ability of a thorough earnest 
man, he has built up a com- 
paratively large business, 
which is a credit alike to 
himself and to the town. 
His first venture was photo- 
graphy, for which he had 
a natural taste, and at which 
he soon excelled. In 1884, 
having also a love for chem- 
istry, he opened out in the 
drug business. In 1893, he 
bought out a stock of jewel- 
ry, so that now anything 
first-class in photographs, 
jewelry, silverware, drugs, 
as well as books and station- 
ery, can be got at fair prices, 
in his elegant commodious 
stores. He is also an issuer 
of marriage licenses. In 
religion he is a Methodist, 
and recording steward of his 
church. He is also a mem- 
ber of the A.F. & A.M.-, the 
C.O.F. and L.O.L., and has 
found time to serve his fel- 
low townsmen in the Coun- 
cil Chamber, where his bus- 



iness ability and spirit of public enter- 
prise, have been at the service of the 
municipality. He is never behind in 
contributing financially and otherwise 
to any deserving cause, and is generally 
among the leaders, in whatever tends 
to benefit the community, and in con- 
sequence is held in the highest esteem 
by all his acquaintances. On Decem- 
ber 2oth, 1 88 1, he was married to Miss 
Emma L. Rice, daughter of the late 
Thomas Rice, a prominent exporter of 
Stratford, Ont. His family consists of 
four children, namely : Fred. Arthur, 
Jessie Robina, Franklin Thomas and 
Herbert George. 





62 




. TUGS. SCOULER, Pastor 
of St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
Church, New Westminster, 
B.C., was born July loth, 1843, at 
Avondale, Lanarkshire, Scotland. His 
parents were Gavin and Janet (Steven) 
Scouler, both Scotch, the former being 
a merchant in Strathavan. After Mr. 
Scouler completed his course in the 
common school, he attended the Ander- 
sonian College, Glasgow, for about two 
years, and subsequently attended the 
Glasgow University. In December, 
1874, he came to Canada and took a 
theological and literary course in Knox 
College and Toronto University, Tor- 




onto, Ont, graduating in theology from 
Knox College, in the Spring of 1880. 
For about nine years prior to coming 
to this country, he was engaged in 
missionary work in Glasgow and Ham- 
ilton, Scotland, and in this capacity he 
was eminently successful. He was 
ordained and inducted into Erskine 
Presbyterian Church, Hamilton, Ont., 
December yth, 1880, which was then a 
small mission. Mr. Scouler's labors 
in Hamilton, however, were rewarded 
by a large measure of success, his con- 
gregation having increased until the 
large brick church now occupied by the 
congregation was required, and built 
under his pastorate. While 
here, he made many fast 
friends and his memory is 
greatly cherished by the 
members of the church. In 
January, 1887, he entered 
upon his present pastorate, 
this church being the first 
organized church, in con- 
nection with the Canadian 
Presbyterian Church in 
British Columbia. Since 
then the beautiful new 
building now occupied by 
the St. Andrew's people, 
has been erected, and in 
1890 two offshoots from this 
church were started, viz.: the 
West Church, New West- 
minster, and Knox Church 
of Sapperton. Mr. Scouler 
is moderator of the Synod 
of British Columbia, and his 
influence upon the people of 
the Pacific Coast is widely 
felt. He is a member of 
the A.F. & A.M. and of the 
R. T. of T. He was mar- 
ried Nov. nth, 1880, to Miss 
Lillias Wyse, daughter of 
Capt. James Hardie, of Glas- 
gow, Scotland. 



IVIKM OR CANADA. 





,EV. 6TIENNE NAPOLEON 
MASS, Grande Digue, Kent 
_ County, New Brunswick, 
was born at St. Cesaire, P.Q., March 
26th, 1850. He is the son of Peter A. 
Masse and Julie Benoit, both of St. 
Cesaire, P.Q. He received his early 
education at St. Cesaire, at the College 
of the Holy Cross, and continued it for 
two years at St. Mary's College, four 
years at St. Lawrence College, Mont- 
real, Que., four years at St. Joseph Col- 
lege, Mernramcook, N.B., and gradu- 
ating from the latter institution, was 
ordained to the priesthood in Montreal, 
April 1 5th, 1884. He was then sent to 



Grande Digue, as curate, and after 
serving the church in that capacity for 
four years, was given charge of the 
Parish, in which he still continues. 
He is a highly gifted and thoroughly 
educated gentleman. His college ca- 
reer was marked by an intense appli- 
cation to study, and a keen intellectual 
capacity for mastering the details of the 
many difficult subjects with which he 
had to grapple. When he entered on 
his pastorate, he had a mind well stored 
with the truths essential to success in 
the work which he had chosen, ''and 
which he has since so faithfully con- 
ducted. 



6 4 



OK 





HOS. TWEED, M.L.A., general 
merchant, Medicine Hat, Assa., 
was born April i4th, 1853, at Kingston, 
Ont. His parents were Thomas and 
Jane (Hiditch) Tweed. Mr. Tweed re- 
ceived his education in Kingston, Out., 
and then engaged in the dry goods 
business. He subsequently accompa- 
nied Wolsley in both of his Red River 
expeditions, and then became manager 
of the Stormont Cotton Mills at Corn- 
wall. Afterwards he formed a partner- 
ship with Mr. John Ewart, as general 
merchants, cattle ranchers, etc., at Med- 
icine Hat and Lethbridge. In 1888 
and 1891, he was elected by acclamation 



to the North-West Legislative Assem- 
bly, for the district of Medicine Hat, and 
unsuccessfully opposed Mr. N. F. Davin, 
in 1891. He is also a member of the 
North-West Territory Executive Com- 
mittee, president of the Local Board of 
the Canadian Loan and Investment So- 
ciety, ex-vice-president and present 
director of the Medicine Hat Hospital, 
District Deputy Grand Master of the 
Masonic Order, a member of the Orange 
Order, the A.O.U.W. and of the Pres- 
byterian Church. He was married, 
June 3rd, 1873, to Miss Helen, daughter 
of Capt. John Sutherland, of Kingston, 
Out., by whom he has three children. 



y BANDER HARVEY, 

I M.D., Watford, Ont., 

^VS> was born June ist, 
1 836, at Newport, N.S. His 
father Andrew Harvey, P. 
L.S., superintendent of pub- 
lic schools, and his mother 
Abigail Harvey, are referred 
to elsewhere in this volume. 
Dr. Harvey began teaching 
when only fifteen years old, 
and obtained (chiefly by 
private study), a first-class 
Teachers' Certificate, when 
twenty. He taught school 
eleven years, after which he 
graduated M.D. from the 
University of Philadelphia, 
and shortly after from the 
Royal College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, Kingston, 
Ont. In 1866, he located 
in Watford, where he has 
practiced ever since. In 
politics, Dr. Harvey is a 
staunch Reformer, and in re- 
ligion, a Baptist. Although 
pressed to accept municipal 
and parliamentary honors, 
his extensive practice and 
personal inclinations have 
always forbidden, but in 
educational matters and temperance 
legislation, he takes an active and in- 
fluential part, having been chairman of 
the Watford High School Board, since 
its inception, and was chairman of the 
Board of License Commisioners for 
East Lainbton, for eight years. He is 
also Coroner for the County. The Doc- 
tor is a man of broad and liberal re- 
ligious views, as is evinced by the warm 
esteem in which he is held by all creeds, 
and by the fact that he often, by re- 
quest, preaches in the various churches 
in his locality. He attributes his pos- 
ition as a Christian to the influence, in 
his earlier years, of his devoted mother, 




encouraged in later life by his excel- 
lent wife. In 1857, ne was married to 
Annie, youngest daughter of John Wil- 
son, Esq., of Walsinghani Township, 
whose prominent family history, among 
the first pioneers of that county is so 
widely known. Dr. Harvey has had 
eleven children, eight of whom passed 
infancy, viz : Sarah, afterwards Mrs. 
Dr. Stanley, who died in 1879, John 
Andrew, accidently killed when five, 
Corydon Ford, druggist, Rodney, Ont., 
Leila Maud, Fanny Abigail, Leander 
Roy and Wilfred W. P., High School 
students, and Basil C. H., a third year 
student in arts, at Toronto University. 



66 



MEN 




Yj< DWARD HECTOR ROULEAU, 
M.D., Belgium Consul for the 
~*V> North-West Territory, Cal- 
gary, Alberta, was born October 3ist, 
1843, at Isl e Verte, County of Temis- 
couata, Que. He is a brother of Hon. 
Mr. Justice Charles Borromee Rouleau, 
whose history and portrait appear else- 
where in this volume. Dr. Rouleau's 
early education was obtained at the 
common school of his birth place, and 
afterwards continued at the Laval Nor- 
mal School. After receiving his diplo- 
ma from the latter institution, he con- 
tinued to study Latin and Greek in 
Nicolet College. He subsequently 



studied medicine in Laval 
University, from which he 
graduated in 1870, having 
entered that institution in 
1866. He then practiced 
his profession at Bic, Que., 
seven years ; Ottawa, one 
year; Bryson, Que., eight 
years; and during the North- 
West Rebellion, in 1884, 
he practiced at Battleford, 
Saskatchewan. In May, 
1885, he returned to Bryson 
and remained two years, 
when he again returned to 
the North-West and located 
in Calgary, in 1887, where 
he still continues and where 
his professional services are 
great demand. In ad- 



in 



dition to this, he is also 
physician in charge of the 
Holy Cross Hospital, Cal- 
gary. Dr. Rouleau was 
Capt. of the " Fils de Cha- 
teauguay " College Com- 
pany for three years, and in 
1864, he went to the Quebec 
Military School and obtain- 
ed his degrees in first and 
second classes after two 
months there. He was ap- 
pointed the Belgium Consul for the 
North-West Territory, November 17th, 
1888, his commission bearing the sig- 
natures of "Victoria" and "Salisbury." 
In politics, he is an ardent Reformer, 
and is considered one of the most pro- 
nounced and influential members of the 
party. In religion, he is a Roman 
Catholic, and second vice-president of 
the Calgary C. M. B. A. He takes a 
great interest in all that pertains to the 
welfare of the community. Dr. Rouleau 
was married, April 8th, 1883, to Miss 
Catherine,daughter of Edward O'Meara, 
Esq., merchant, Bryson, Que., by whom 
he has two daughters. 



1 





,EV. ALLAN SIMPSON, Pres- 
byterian clergyman, Halifax, 
N.S., was born February 
25th, 1841, at Prince Edward Island. 
His parents were Alexander Simpson 
and Eliza McNeil. His ancestors were 
among the first settlers of that island. 
Mr. Simpson received his primary edu- 
cation in Truro, N.S., pursuing his arts 
course in the Presbyterian Seminary 
there, and his theological course in the 
Presbyterian College, Halifax. He was 
ordained August yth, 1866, at the Gore, 
Hants County, N.S. His whole life 
has been devoted to the ministry, and 
he has been pastor of his present 



charge for twenty-five years, which is 
one of the longest pastorates any min- 
ister has had in the city of Halifax. 
During his long association with his 
people, neither his interest in them, 
nor their love for him have in any 
sense decreased, but on the contrary 
have increased as the years have gone 
by. Mr. Simpson is also a member of 
the North British Society, and has 
been clerk of the Halifax Presbytery, 
for twelve years. He was married, July 
nth, 1872, to Miss Jemima Mary 
Stuart, daughter of the Rev. Alexander 
Stuart. He had two children, one is 
now living, and attending college. 



68 





,EV. J. MACMILLAN, B.A., 
B.D., Presbyterian Clergyman, 
Halifax, N. S., was born 
November 27th, 1842, at Scotch Hill, 
Pictou County, N.S. His parents were 
Duncan and Mary (Cameron) MacMil- 
lan. His father was connected with 
St. Andrew's Church, at Pictou, as an 
elder. Rev. George MacMillan, a 
brother, is located at Malpecque, P.E.I. 
Mr. MacMillan began his education in 
the common schools, of Pictou County. 
He entered Queen's College, Kingston, 
Ont., in 1859, and graduated in 1862, 
as B.A., and in 1865, as B.D. He was 
licensed to preach at Ottawa, in June, 



1865, and was ordained at Little River, 
Musquodoboit, Halifax County, N.S., 
March 26th, 1866. He was appointed to 
St. Paul's Church, Truro, N.S., Nov- 
ember 28th, 1872, and translated to 
Chalmer's Church, Halifax, April 29th, 
1884. He has been a member of the 
Home Mission Committee (Eastern 
Section) since the union, and convener 
since 1882. He is also convener of the 
Presbytery of Halifax Committee on 
Sabbath schools, and a governor of 
Dalhousie College, at Halifax. He was 
married 27th July, 1868, to Miss Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Charles E. Wiswell, of 
Halifax. He has three daughters living. 



69 




JOHN CLARKE CARLOS DE 
LEANO MCLEAN, L.D.S., 
Montreal, P.Q., was born July 
4th, 1863. His parents . were Lieut. 
Colonel George Clarke McLean, a 
diplomat, in Austria, at the present 
time, and Elizabeth Victoria d'Aosta. 
Mr. McLean received his education at 
Montreal McGill Model School, Col- 
legiate School, under William Nicholl, 
a Commercial School, under William 
Turner, and the Collegiate Institute, 
Cambridge. He entered the office of 
George W. Lovejoy, M.D., L.D.S., 
April 1 3th, 1878, and finished the 
course in September, 1881, but being 



only eighteen years of age, 
the Board would not grant 
examination. He remained 
as assistant until August, 
1882, and in September of 
that year, went as assistant 
to Dr. Alfred Wright, with 
whom he remained until 
January, 1883. He then 
went to Europe, and spent 
seven months travelling 
through various European 
cities, after which he devoted 
three months to the British 
Isles, and returned to Amer- 
ica in February, 1884. He 
was identified with several 
operatic and concert compa- 
nies, notably Wagner Fest- 
ival Concerts, and returned 
to Montreal in 1885, again 
taking an engagement with 
Dr. Lovejoy. He entered 
the University of Bishop's 
College (medical depart- 
ment) as partial student, 
and graduated before the 
Provincial Board of Ex- 
aminers the following May. 
Being ordered by his physi- 
cian to give up practice, or 
change climate, he went to 
Waterloo, P.Q., a small town, where, 
with plenty of out door exercise, health 
was restored. He returned to Montreal 
in 1892, and formed a partnership with 
Dr. Dixon, and is now the successor of 
the firm of Dixon & McLean. Mr. 
McLean belongs to the Brotherhood of 
St. Andrew, and is the director of St. 
Paul's Chapter. In politics, he is an 
Independent, and in religion, an Epis- 
copalian. He was choir director of St. 
Luke's for four years, and lay reader in 
the neighboring parish of Knowlton. 
He was married, Sept. 22nd, 1886, to 
Alice Gertrude Bucke, of London, Eng. 
He has two sons and one daughter. 




r . FRANCIS PAR- 
TRIDGE, M. A., 
_ D.D., Canon of 
St. Luke's Cathedral, Hali- 
fax, N. S., Dean of the City 
of Halifax, and Rector of 
St. George's Church, was 
born April 2nd, 1846, at 
Dursley, Gloucestershire, 
England. His parents were 
Charles and Catherine Par- 
tridge. His father is of the 
old Gloucestershire family, 
of Partridge, whose seat is 
at Wishanger, and which 
has descended from father 
to son for the past 600 
years. His mother is of the 
Scotch family of Gilniour, 
of Craigmillar, Edinburgh. 
Dr. Partridge received his 
education at Lady Berke- 
ley's Grammar School, Wot- 
ton, Gloucestershire, and St. 
Augustine's College, Cant- 
erbury, England, of which 
he is now a Fellow. He 
graduated with distinction, 
and was Greek Testament 
and English Essay prize- 
man in 1866-68. He held 
the position of Classical 
Master in Dursley Grammar School in 
1864-65. He came to Canada and was 
ordained Deacon in 1869, and Priest in 
1870, by Bishop Medley, of Frederic- 
ton. He was head master of the Gram- 
mar School, St. Andrews, N.B., from 
1869 to 1872, Rector of Rothesay, N.B. 
from 1872 to 1882, and has been Rector 
of St. George's Church, Halifax, N.S., 
since 1882. He was Canon of Christ 
Church Cathedral, Fredericton, from 
1879 to 1882, Canon of St. Luke's 
Cathedral, Halifax, in 1889, Urban 
Dean of Halifax, 1889, Examiner in 
Classics and Hebrew, Kings College, 
Windsor, and Lecturer in Canon and 




Ecclesiastical Law in the same institu- 
tion. He is also an examiner on the 
Board of the Provincial Synod for 
Divinity Degrees, Examining Chaplain 
to the Bishop of Nova Scotia, and 
secretary of the Diocese. He is also 
vice-president of the Church of Eng- 
land Institute, and president of several 
local societies. He is also a Free Mason, 
P.D.G.M., New Brunswick and Nova 
Scotia, 33rd A. & A.S. Rite. In poli- 
tics, he is a Liberal-Conservative. He 
was married in 1868, to Maria Louisa, 
youngest daughter of John J. Gillet, 
Esq., of Bristol, England, by whom he 
has four sons and four daughters. 



MEN OK CANADA. 




TfW. W. DOANE, City Engineer, 
-I Halifax, N. S., was born at 
Barrington, N.S., May 3ist, 
1863. He is the son of Capt. Harvey 
Doane. Mr. Doane began engineering 
work in 1882, and from 1883 to 1891, 
was assistant to the Provincial Govern- 
ment engineer of Nova Scotia. He 
was engaged on the survey of the 
Musquodoboit Valley and Stewiacke 
Railway, and in 1889 on the Carleton 
Branch, Heatherton and Gnysboro 
Railway, and North Colchester Rail- 
way. In 1891 he received his present 
appointment. Mr. Doane, when elected, 
was probably the youngest member of 



the Canadian Society of Civil Engin- 
eers. He has been a member of the 
Council of the Institute of Science, 
Halifax, since 1888, and is also a 
member of the Faculty of Pure and 
Applied Science, of Dalhousie College 
and University, being lecturer on Muni- 
cipal Engineering. His work as city 
engineer, embraces such work, as en- 
gineer of waterworks, public works, 
street grading, paving, repairs, etc. 
He has recently recommended the con- 
struction of new sewers, estimated to 
cost $100,000, improvement in the city 
water supply, and other works, which 
will aggregate $300,000. 



7 2 



OR 




ISAAC REGINALD BRIGHAM, 
junior partner of the firm of Smith 
& Brigham, and manager of the 
Assiniboia Roller Mills, Moosomin, 
Assiniboia, was born October Qth, 1856, 
at Ottawa. After receiving his primary 
education in the Ottawa public schools, 
Mr. Brigham studied mechanical en- 
gineering under Alex. Flack, of Ottawa. 
He was employed in many leading ma- 
nufacturing institutions, among which 
are the Hinkley Locomotive Works, 
Boston ; Potter Printing Press Co., New 
York; Munn & Co., New Brunswick, 
N. J. ; Brainard Milling Machine Co., 
Hyde Park, Mass. ; L. J. Knowles, 



Worcester, Mass.; Pratt and Whitney, 
on Gattling and Gardner Guns, Hart- 
ford, Conn.; Hard Rubber Goods Co., 
College Point; Goodyear Rubber Co.; 
Becket & McDowell, Arlington, N. J.; 
and Hohenstein Mnfg. Co., Newark, 
N. J. In 1888, Mr. Brigham formed a 
partnership with his uncle, Mr. C. J. 
Smith. The Assiniboia Roller Mills 
has a capacity of 130 bis. a day, of 
the very best quality of flour. Mr. 
Brigham is an active Conservative 
worker, being president of the Central 
Conservative Association for Eastern 
Assiniboia. In Religion, he is an 
Episcopalian. 



73 



yr STEWART THOMPSON, 
-t-\ M.B., Toronto University, 
V5> L.R.C.P. and L.R.C.S., Ed- 
inburgh, Strathroy, Ont., was born in 
Middlesex County, Ont., July i4th, 
1862. His father is Dr. A. Thompson, 
of Strathroy, a native of Argyleshire, 
Scotland (who made teaching a step- 
ping tone to medicine), and his mo- 
ther is Jane (Stewart) Thompson, 
daughter of the late Alex. Stewart of 
Lobo. Dr. A. S. Thompson was edu- 
cated primarily at the public and High 
schools of Strathroy. He then attend- 
ed Upper Canada College, from which, 
at seventeen, he matriculated into Tor- 
onto University, where he 
took the Science course, con- 
currently with Medical lec- 
tures, at Trinity Medical 
College. In 1882, being too 
young to graduate, he went 
to Edinburgh, where he 
took a final course of lec- 
tures, and was two years in 
constant attendance at the 
Royal Infirmary, where he 
held clerkships, in both the 
medical and surgical wards. 
In 1884, Dr. Thompson gra- 
duated, taking the " double 
qualifications," as above in- 
dicated. He then returned 
to Canada, and having gra- 
duated with honors at Tor- 
onto University, succeeded 
to his uncle's practice, in 
Detroit, Mich. In 1886, im- 
paired health, from close 
city practice, decided him to 
locate in Strathroy, where 
he has rapidly built up and 
retained a large and highly 
satisfactory practice. Dr. 
Thompson is surgeon of the 
Middlesex House of Refuge, 
also medical examiner for 
the leading insurance com- 



panies doing business in his vicinity. 
He is a member of the Ontario Medical 
Association, and honorary member of 
Detroit Academy of Medicine. In re- 
ligion, he is a Presbyterian, and in pol- 
itics, a Liberal. He belongs to the 
S.O.S., C.O.F., K.O.T.M. and the 
I.O.O.F. He is physician to each or- 
der, and has filled the highest offices, in 
both camp and subordinate lodge of the 
last named society. He gives practical 
support and encouragement to all health- 
ful athletics. He was married, Sept. Qth, 
1891, to Mary Louise, daughter of P. J. 
Brown, Esq., barrister, Osgoode Hall, 
Toronto. He has one son. 




74 



OF N 



^TXONALD McLEAN, proprietor 
1 of the Alberta Roller Mills, 
Calgary, Alberta, was born 
August i Qth, 1851, at Osnabrook Town- 
ship, Stormont County, Ont. His 
parents are John and Margaret (Lamb) 
McLean, now living retired at Ottawa, 
Ont. The former was a native of the 
Island of Mull, and the latter of Glas- 
gow, Scotland. Coining to Canada, 
they lived on the same farm, in Osna- 
brook Township, from 1848 until their 
removal to Ottawa, in 1893. Mr. 
McLean was educated in the public 
schools of his native township, and 
worked on his father's farm, until he 




was eighteen years of age. He then 
served an apprenticeship of six years to 
the milling trade, with John Hull, of 
Lakefield, Ont. He then conducted a 
stone mill on his own account, at Kin- 
mount, Victoria County, Out., for four 
years, and then removed to Young's 
Point, on Stoney Lake, where he conti- 
nued in the same business for five 
years longer, when he rented the Lake- 
field Lumber Company's Roller Flour 
Mill, at Lakefield, Ont., which was 
destroyed by fire six months later. The 
company rebuilt the mill shortly after- 
wards, and he then ran it very success- 
fully for five years. Removing to the 
North- West Territory, he- 
built the Calgary Roller 
Mill, in the year 1892, which 
has all the latest improve- 
ments in machinery, and 
with a capacity of 125 bar- 
rels per day. The building 
proper is of stone 40 x 50, 
and the engine room is 40 x 
20. The main building is 
49 feet high. Mr. McLean, 
having a thorough knowl- 
edge of wheat, and being a 
first-class practical miller, 
has secured a large share 
of the trade of that great 
wheat producing country, 
and his extensive mills 
figure prominently among 
the mills of the North-West. 
In religion, he is a Baptist, 
and in politics, a Reformer. 
He was married August 
4th, 1874, to Miss Emma, 
daughter of Wlliaiu Alford, 
Esq., of Lakefield, Ont. 
Mrs. McLean is a native of 
Plymouth, England, and 
came to Lakefield with her 
parents, in 1871. His fami- 
ly consists of two sons liv- 
ing and one son deceased. 



75 





. FATHER J. McDEViTT, 
M.A., Parish Priest, Sussex, 
N.B., was born in the Par- 
ish of Moncton, Westmoreland County, 
N.B., August 29th, 1848. He is the 
son of Jaines and Mary (Barr) McDe- 
vitt, natives of County Donegal, Ire- 
land, who came to this country about 
the year 1840, and settled first in 
St. John, N.B., and after remaining 
there for six years, removed to Moncton. 
Father McDevitt obtained his primary 
education in the common schools of 
Moncton, under the old system, attend- 
ing them for five years. He entered 
St. Joseph College, Memranicook, N.B., 



to prepare for his sacred calling, and 
studied there for ten years. He was 
ordained August 2ist, 1875, and re- 
mained at Memranicook for one year, 
attending to Moncton and Sackville 
parishes. He was then called to the 
Cathedral of St. John, remaining there 
for four years, after which, in October, 
1880, he was appointed to take charge 
of the Industrial School, of Silver Falls, 
N.B., and the Golden Grove Church. 
In November 1892, he was appointed 
to the rectorship of Sussex, where he 
is doing very successful service. The 
degree of M.A. was conferred upon 
him June 2ist, 1888. 



CANADA. 





|EV. LEWIS JACK, retired Pres- 
byterian Minister, Buctouche, 
Kent County, N.B., was 
born in the Parish of Petty, on the es- 
tate of Culloden, Scotland, June, 1815. 
He received his early education at the 
Parish schools of Petty, and in Inver- 
ness, and then attended King's College 
Aberdeen, where he remained for four 
years. He subsequently went to Edin- 
burgh, to study theology, and gradu- 
ated with distinction. Before entering 
college, he taught school, and while at 
college, he also taught as private tutor. 
After receiving his license at Inverness, 
June 1 8th, he was ordained and induct- 



ed into his first charge at Belhelvie, in 
the Aberdeen Presbytery, June, 1845. 
In the year 1848, he came to Canada, 
and settled in the Province of New 
Brunswick, and in the following year, 
1849, ne was stationed at St. James, 
Charlotte County, N.B., where he re- 
mained until 1853. He then went to 
Springfield, Kings County, where he 
remained until 1884, when he retired. 
During his long pastorate of thirty-one 
years at Springfield, he became widely 
known and greatly beloved. He exerted 
an influence in this community as a 
faithful Gospel Minister, that can hardly 
be estimated. 



77 




RS. MARTINEAU, wholesale and 
retail hardware merchant, 1379 
to 1385 St. Catherine street, 
Montreal, Qne., was born at St. Jerome, 
County of Terrebonne, P.Q., August 
29th, 1844. He is the son of Joseph 
Martineau, a farmer, and Marie Anne 
David, and removed to Montreal with 
his parents, in 1852. He received his 
education at the Christian Brothers' 
School. In 1856, he was apprenticed 
to the trade of house painting, which 
he followed, together with that of con- 
tractor, until 1872. In 1870, Mr. Mar- 
tineau began business on his own 
account, and has, since that date, owing 




to his energy and ability, combined 
with an intimate knowledge of his 
trade, succeeded in building up a large 
and growing connection. He carries a 
very large stock of all kinds of hard- 
ware, oils, wall paper, glass, etc., and 
gives employment to a large staff of 
skilled artists. In 1878 he was elected 
president of the Painters' Association, 
grand marshall of the St. Jean-Baptiste 
Society, for the Parish of Ste. Brigide, 
in 1880, and president in 1883. In 
religion, he is a Roman Catholic, and a 
member of many religious and charit- 
able institutions. In 1886, he was 
elected alderman for St. Mary's Ward, 
and in 1889, was re-elected 
by acclamation, having oc- 
cupied the important posi- 
tions of Acting Mayor, and 
member of the Finance, 
Water and City Hall com- 
mittees. Resigning his al- 
dermanic position, in 1892, 
he was asked to consent to 
be put in nomination, by 
the Conservative party, and 
was elected a member of 
Parliament for the Province 
of Quebec, at the general 
election, on the 8th of 
March, 1892, for Montreal 
Division, No. i. He is a 
very active and influential 
member of the party, and 
loyally devoted to his cons- 
tituents. June 8th, 1863, 
Mr. Martineau was married 
to Miss Emerentienne Bou- 
thillier. He has five child- 
ren, three sons and one 
daughter. The former have 
secured their classical educa- 
tion ; two of them are in 
business with their father, 
and one practices law, and 
all are in a good way to 
secure a brilliant future. 



OB* 




>EV. JOHN LATHERN, D.D., 
editor of The Wesleyan, Halifax, 
N.S., was born at Newshield 
House, near Alston, Cumberland, Eng- 
land, July 3ist, 1831. He is descended 
from an old Northumbrian family. He 
received his education at the Alston 
Grammar School, and was trained for 
mining engineering, his father having 
held the position of manager and part 
proprietor of the Blaghill Lead Ore Mine, 
but realizing his call to the ministry, 
he joined the British Wesley an Con- 
ference in 1855. He was soon sent to 
the newly organized Conference of East- 
ern British America, and was ordained 
in 1859. The same year he 
married Mary Elizabeth, eld- 
est daughter of the late John 
Simpson, Esq., formerly of 
Aberdeen, Scotland, but for 
thirty years Queen's Printer 
in New Brunswick, and 
Judge of Probate. Mr. 
Lathern's first circuit was 
Fredericton, N.B., where he 
was stationed a second time 
in 1865, becoming during 
that term chairman of the 
Fredericton district. He \vas 
very successful during the 
two terms of his pastorate 
at Fredericton, and both as 
pastor and chairman of the 
district, he did abiding work. 
He was president of the 
Nova Scotia Conference, in 
1882, and received the de- 
gree of D.D. from Mount 
Allison University, in 1883. 
He was elected editor of 
the connexional paper, The 
Wesleyan, at the General 
Conference of 1886. Dr. 
Lathern is a vigorous writer, 
and an able preacher, and 
the same success that at- 
tended him in the pastorate 



and as the presiding officer of the district 
and Conference, has been repeated in the 
editorial chair. His editorials are bright 
and readable, and the general make up 
of the paper is admirable. He is at pre- 
sent chairman of the Mount Allison 
Board of Regents. Amongst books 
published by him may be mentioned a 
volume of lectures on literary subjects ; 
" Life of Governor Wilmot," " Bapt- 
isnia," and the " Macedonian Cry." 
Nineteen years of ministerial life have 
been spent in the cities of St. John, 
N.B. and Halifax, N.S., and wherever 
he has been stationed he has left a 
lasting impression. 




CANADA. 



79 





,EV. JOHN SALTER ALLEN, 
Methodist Minister, Richibucto, 
_ Kent County, N.B., was 
born at Newport, N.S., April 8th, 1842. 
He is the son of James and Mary 
(Salter) Allen, natives of Nova Scotia, 
the former being of U.E. Loyalist stock. 
Mr. Allen received his education at the 
common schools of Newport, and 
Mount Allison University. He spent 
his probation in Newfoundland, and 
on the Labrador Coast. After ordina- 
tion, he was stationed successively at 
Gagetown, Greenwich, Andover and 
Canterbury, N.B., and then at Pownal, 
P.E.I. Returning to New Brunswick, 



he was sent to Baie Verte, and from 
there to Gibson, and then to Summer- 
side, P.E.I. Since that time he has been 
stationed as follows : in New Brunswick, 
Albert, Sackville, Bathurst, and from 
the latter he came to his present charge. 
He was married, July i8th, 1866, to 
Charlotte Mathilda, daughter of Elijah 
Tuttle, of Pugwash, N.S. His family 
consists of seven children living ; his 
eldest son, Aldran, has been in Chili as 
a missionary for four years, and lately 
returned in ill health. Mr. Allen is a 
successful minister of the Gospel. He 
has also written a book of poems en- 
titled " Apollyonville to the Holy City." 



8o 





(\TEORGE A. GAUVIN, 

^-^ grapher, Halifax, N.S., was 
born August 8th, 1863, at Burlington, 
Vt., U.S.A. His father is Leon Gauvin, 
while his mother's name was Rose 
Gilbert. The former is at present en- 
gaged in farming near Burlington, Vt. 
This is an old and highly respected 
family of the Ne\v England States. 
Mr. Gauvin was educated at the Green 
Mountain Academy, Underbill, Vt. 
He began life by teaching school, which 
occupation he followed for two years, 
after which he entered into the business 
of photography with his brother, at 
Burlington. After a time he went to 



Boston, Mass., where he thoroughly 
pursued the study of photography. He 
then came to Halifax, and engaged with 
Kellie & Co., and after remaining with 
this firm for one year, he purchased 
their business, and now carries it on 
in partnership with Mr. Adolphe E. 
Gentzel. In religion, Mr. Gauvin is a 
Roman Catholic. He was married, 
October 4th, .1892, to Miss Maggie C. 
Gough, whose father is a builder and 
contractor, of the city of Halifax. Mr. 
Gauvin is doing a large business in 
Halifax, and his studio is patronized 
by a large number of the best people of 
that city. 



81 



1\ 7TICHAEL F. NO- 
jLV| LAN, Alderman, 
V> St. Ann's Ward, 
estate agent and account- 
ant, Montreal, P. Q., was 
born in Griffintown, Sep- 
tember 2ist, 1854. His 
parents were John Nolan 
and Ann McMahon, natives 
of Ireland, who came to 
Canada, in 1840. Mr. Nolan 
received his education in 
St. Ann's Christian Bro- 
thers School, and in 1870 
entered the St. Lawrence 
Engine Works, as time- 
keeper, which position he 
held for fifteen months. He 
then entered the pattern 
department, and served five 
years to the trade of pattern 
maker, and then remained 
as a journeyman until the 
Spring of 1878, when he 
started business, as trader, 
on his own account. In 
1889, ne entered into part- 
nership with J. F. Gour- 
lay, in the Grand Union 
Clothing Store, where he 
continued until 1891, when 
the firm was dissolved. He 
was one of the first members of the 
Young Irishmen's L. & B. Association, 
and held the office of collecting trea- 
surer and corresponding secretary, and 
is at present a life member. He was 
also an officer and member of the com- 
mittee of the Shamrock Lacrosse Club, 
for nine consecutive seasons, and dele- 
gate to the N. A. L. A., and also to the 
National League. He is a prominent 
member of the C. M. B. A. and St. 
Patrick's National Society, and is now 
a member of the committee. He was 
first elected alderman for St. Ann's 
Ward, October aoth, 1891, to complete 
the unexpired term of the late Alder- 




man Malone ; was re-elected February 
ist, 1893, and is at present chairman of 
the Market Committee and member of 
the Light Committee. Mr. Nolan is 
a representative man, and his marked 
success is due to his energetic and intel- 
ligent grasp of business questions. In 
politics, he has always given his sup- 
port to the Liberal party, in whose wel- 
jfare he has taken a lively interest. In 
religion, he is a Roman Catholic. He 
was married, October 27th, 1883, to 
Lillie O'Sullican, of Belleville, Ont., 
daughter of John O'Sullican, a native of 
Kerry County, Ireland. Mrs. Nolan 
died, September i5th, 1892. 



82 



OP" 




<^T\ R. HENRY GEORGE, M.R.C. 

1 S., L.R.C.P. of England, Cal- 
gary, Alberta, was born August 
loth, 1864, at Kirton-in-Lindsay, Lin- 
colnshire, England. He is a son of 
Dr. C. F. George, M. R. C. S, L. M., 
L. S. A. of England, first prizeman 
of his day, at St. Thomas Hospital, 
London, England, and who has writ- 
ten many valuable articles on insects 
and other naturalist subjects. Dr. 
George was educated at Eccles Hall 
College, Sheffield, and Thomas Bryer 
School, Forest Hill, and was a prize- 
man at both institutions. He entered 
St. Thomas Medical School. London, 



Eng., in 1882, and passed 
the College of Surgeons in 
1886, and the College of 
Physicians, in 1887. He 
took a Certificate of Honor 
at St. Thomas Hospital, for 
Practical Midwifery, in 1886. 
In 1887, he was assistant 
surgeon to "D" Division 
Metropolitan Police, and 
Deputy Medical Officer of 
St. Giles Workhouse Infirm- 
ary, London, Eng. After 
practicing for a short time, 
as assistant to his father in 
Lincolnshire, he proceeded 
to North America, and ar- 
rived in Calgary September 
ist, 1889, where he has con- 
tinued to practice with great 
success ever since. He is 
surgeon to the Sons of 
England and A.O.F. socie- 
ties, and physician to the 
I.O.F., and medical adviser 
to the I.O.O.F., all of Cal- 
gary. He was acting as- 
sistant surgeon for " E " Di- 
vision North-West Mount- 
ed Police, and medical officer 
to the Calgary Small Pox 
Quarantine, in 1892. He is 
an enthusiastic numismatist and natur- 
alist, and already has a very valuable 
collection of animals, birds, insects etc., 
and is collecting stuffed heads of all the 
animals of North America. He was a 
private in the London V. M.S. C., and was 
in the Guard of Honor to Her Majesty 
Queen Victoria on Jubilee Day in 1887. 
In religion, Dr. George is a member of 
the Church of England. In politics, he is 
a Conservative. He was married, Sep- 
tember 4th, 1888, to Barbara Mary, 
daughter of W. L. Bernard, F.S.S., 
Barrister-at-Law, formerly of London, 
Eng., but now of Calgary, by whom he 
has three sons. 



MKN 





,EV. EDWARD F. MURPHY, 
D.D., rector of St. Mary's 
Cathedral, Halifax, N.S., 
was born September ist, 1844, near 
Charleville, County of Cork, Ireland. 
His father was Thomas Murphy, and 
his mother was Catherine Carroll. 
Father Murphy was educated at All 
Hallows College, Dublin, where he 
studied philosophy, and at the Sul- 
pician Seminary, Montreal, P.Q-, where 
he took his theological course. His 
educational career was very bright, and 
gave promise of the distinction to 
which he has since attained. He was 
ordained to the priesthood by Arch- 



bishop Connolly, in St. Mary's Cathe- 
dral, Halifax, N.S., June 29th, 1867. 
He was then appointed a professor in 
St. Mary's College, Halifax, of which 
he afterwards became president. He 
has been secretary to Archbishop Han- 
nan and also to Archbishop O'Brien. 
He was appointed rector of St. Mary's 
Cathedral Halifax, in 1887, on the 
death of the late Mgr. Power, and was 
created Doctor of Divinity by Pope Leo 
XIII. , on the occasion of the Silver 
Jubilee of his ordination, on June 
29th, 1892. Father Murphy has won 
the respect and esteem of all who 
know him. 



8 4 



CANADA. 



x 




1C DAM GERROND McDOU- 
^C\ GALL, J.P-, secretary-treas- 
VS> urer of the Virden and 
Wallace Municipalities, and secretary- 
treasurer of the County of Dennis 
Agricultural Society, Virden, Man., was 
born June 5th, 1836, at Gatehouse of 
Fleet, Scotland. Finishing his edu- 
cation at Liverpool Collegiate Institute, 
Mr. McDougall served four years as 
clerk for the Cunard S.S. Company, at 
Liverpool. He then settled at Seaforth, 
Ont., where he conducted a general store 
and produce business for seventeen 
years, and was appointed Magistrate for 
the counties of Huron and Bruce. In 



February, 1882, he removed where 
Virden now stands, and built the first 
house and store erected in the place. 
His first four years in Manitoba, were 
devoted principally to farming, and he 
was the first Reeve of Wallace Munici- 
pality. Mr. McDougall has re-visited 
Great Britain thirteen times on busi- 
ness, and has travelled extensively in 
France, Germany, Switzerland and the 
United States. In religion, he is a 
Presbyterian. He has been married 
twice : first, to Miss Marion Laidlaw of 
Wavertree, near Liverpool, Eng., Oct., 
1861 ; and second, to Miss Nellie Jones, 
of Seaforth, Ont., February 5th, 1879. 



CANADA. 




J TON. HERBERT CHARLES N.W.T. 
(3 jH WILSON, M.D., Practicing 
vS> Physician and Surgeon, Ed- 
monton, Alberta, was born December 
yth, 1859, at Picton, Ont. His parents 
were C. S. and Eliza M. (Biggar) Wil- 
son, who are of Irish descent. His 
mother, now deceased, was a sister of 
the late James L. Biggar, M.P., for 
East Northumberland, Ont. His father 
is still living (1893), and is a leading 
banker and broker in Picton. Dr. Wil- 
son was educated in the Picton public 
and High schools and Upper Canada 
College. He subsequently attended the 
Ontario College of Pharmacy, and gra- 



duated from that institution, 
Februry yth, 1878. He 
entered Trinity Medical 
School, in October, 1878, 
and graduated M.D., in the 
Spring of 1 88 1. He was 
then assistant surgeon in 
the Toronto hospitals for 
one year, and removed to 
Edmonton, in i882,wherehe 
has remained since, doing a 
large professional practice, 
and taking an active part in 
all public matters. He was 
elected to the old North- 
West Council, in September, 
1885, an d again in June, 
1888, when it was constitut- 
ed a Legislative Assembly, 
and in the Fall of that year 
was elected speaker of the 
North-West Legislative As- 
sembly. In 1891, he retired, 
and subsequently spent 
some time in Europe for the 
benefit of his health. He is 
Coroner for the N.W.T. and 
examiner for a number of 
insurance companies. He 
was elected to the first 
Council of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of 
In religion, Dr. Wilson is a 
Methodist, and in politics, a Conserva- 
tive, and president of the Edmonton 
Liberal-Conservative Association. He 
also takes an active interest in all 
sporting matters, and has been presi- 
dent of the Edmonton Cricket Club 
since 1883, an( ^ * s ex-president of the 
Curling Club. He is now patron of 
both the Edmonton and Fort Saskat- 
chewan Rifle Associations, and is 
universally popular. Dr. Wilson was 
married, Sept. i5th, 1886, to Miss Emily 
C., eldest daughter of Arthur B. Lee, of 
Rice, Lewis & Sons, Toronto, Ont., by 
whom he has one son and one daughter. 



86 



OF- 



JAMES ARTHUR- 
SON McEWEN, 
M. D., Melbourne, 
Ont., was born May 3, 1866, 
in Westminster, Middlesex 
County, Ont. His father is 
the Rev. James McEwen, 
B. A., M. A., Presbyterian 
Minister, of London, Ont., 
a native of Monaghan, Ire- 
land, who, having received 
part of his University train- 
ing at Glasgow University, 
came to Canada when quite 
a young man, and finished 
his education at Queen's 
University, Kingston. After 
his ordination, he located in 
Westminster, where he was 
Pastor of St. Andrew's 
Church for about 20 years. 
He then filled a similar 
charge in Wellaud for eight 
years. Latterly, he has 
partially retired from ac- 
tive work, and resides in 
London. He is a cultured 
and scholarly man, and one 
who always took a promin- 
ent part in church courts. 
The mother of our subject, 
is Isabella (Macarthur) Mc- 
Ewen, daughter of the late Mr. and 
Mrs. Macarthur, who were among the 
earliest and most highly esteemed 
pioneers of Middlesex County. Dr. 
McEwen received his education primar- 
ily at the public schools, and afterwards 
at the Welland High School, from 
which, when eighteen years of age, he 
obtained a second-class Teachers' Certi- 
ficate, and matriculated at Toronto 
University. After this he taught school 
for two years, and then entered the 
Western University, from which he 
graduated in Medicine in 1890. He 
then located in Melbourne, and has 
already built up a very desirable prac- 




tice. He has recently been appointed 
by the Government as medical attend- 
ant for the Oneida Reserve. In politics, 
the Doctor is a staunch Conservative, 
and in religion, a Presbyterian. He is 
a member of, and prominent official in 
the I. O. F. and the W. O. W. orders. 
For a man of his years, Dr. McEwen 
has made rapid progress in his profes- 
sion, and will undoubtedly take a lead- 
ing place in the ranks of eminent 
medical men. He has brought to bear on 
his practice, the wisdom of the schools, 
and well understands the application of 
the means of securing and holding the 
confidence and esteem of the public. 




7VLF. WHITMAN, B. A., LL. B., 
j\ Barrister, Halifax, N. S., was 
VS> born in Annapolis County, 
N.S., July i3th, 1856. His parents 
were Charles B. and Jane (Tupper) 
Whitman, the former being well known 
in the County of Annapolis. After 
receiving his early education, Mr. 
W 7 hitman entered Dalhousie College, 
Halifax, and graduated in 1878, and 
commenced the study of law with T. D. 
Ruggles, Q.C., of Bridgetown, Anna- 
polis. Two years later, he removed to 
Halifax, and became articled to John S. 
D. Thompson, now Sir John S. D. 
Thompson, who was^ then Attorney 



General, and studied in his office until 
1882, when he was admitted to the Bar. 
Between 1882 and 1885, while in active 
practice, he attended the Law School of 
Dalhousie College, and took the degree 
of LL-B. Mr. Whitman is a captain in 
the Canadian Militia, and served with 
the Halifax Battalion in the North- 
West Rebellion of 1885. He has prac- 
ticed law in Halifax, since 1882. In 
politics, he is an active Liberal Con- 
servative. Some member of his family 
has been a member of the Legislature 
for the County of Annapolis, for the 
past 70 or 80 years. In religion, he 
is a Presbyterian. 



88 




JAMES FINDLAY FRAME, 
member of the Provincial Le- 
gislature, senior member of the 
firm of Frame & Miller, hardware and 
lumber dealers, Virdeu, Manitoba, was 
born September 4th, 1841, at New York, 
U.S.A. His parents were John and 
Mary (Findlay) Frame, both natives of 
Glasgow, Scotland. Mr. Frame settled 
in Simcoe County, Ontario, where his 
parents died. He received his early 
education in the public schools of that 
county, a private college at Williams- 
ville, N. Y., and subsequently took a 
course in the Business College, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. He was then engaged for 



some years in store keeping, saw mill 
and farming pursuits, in Simcoe County, 
Ont., and removed to Manitoba, in 
1880. In July 1882, he settled in 
Virden, and was a member of the first 
municipal council. He was Reeve of 
Wallace Municipality, from 1887 to 

1891, inclusive, and elected Conser- 
vative member for the Local House, to 
represent Dennis County, July 23rd, 

1892. He is a member of St. Andrew's 
Society, A.O.U.W., and the Disciples 
Church. He was married, July 24th, 
1888, to Miss Abbie Mary, daughter of 
David Layton, P. M., Meaford, Out. 
They have one son and one daughter. 



IVEKN 



CA.NADA, 



89 



T'HE LATE JOHN CHALMERS, 

*- of Poole, Ont., was born in 1820, 
in East Kilbride, Scotland. He came 
to Canada, over fifty years ago, with 
his parents, John and Janet (Peden) 
Chalmers, who were the first white 
settlers in Mornington Township, 
Perth County, Ont. He was therefore, 
one of those " sturdy sons of Scotland," 
whose " brawn and brain" have so 
largely contributed to make " the 
Garden of Canada," what it is. In 
religion, Mr. Chalmers was a Presby- 
terian, and in politics, a staunch Re- 
former, and years ago a prominent 
member of his Municipal Board. He 
died January ist, 1892, and 
the immense concourse at 
his funeral, was a touching 
and genuine tribute to the 
universal respect in which 
he was held. His name was 
a synonym for integrity, 
hospitality and those traits 
that go to make up an 
obliging neighbor, and an 
esteemed citizen. He was 
a self-made man in every 
respect, a voluminous read- 
er, had a wonderful memory, 
and was a man of superior 
intelligence and broad views. 
In 1856, he was married to 
Miss Margaret Fleming, 
daughter of James Fleming, 
Esq., of Carrick, Bruce 
County, formerly of Water- 
loo County, who is a cousin 
of the late Hon. Alexander 
Mackenzie. He had a fam- 
ily of seven sons and two 
daughters, namely : John, a 
farmer in Wellesley; James, 
William, Alexander and 
David, farmers in Morning- 
ton ; Peter, a student at the 
Stratford Commercial Col- 
lege ; Mary, now Mrs. John 



McRuer, of Ayer ; Janet, and Adam 
Peden Chalmers, M.D., an honor gra- 
duate of Trinity Medical College, Tor- 
onto, who, in 1892, obtained his degree, 
and having located in Oil Springs, soon 
entered upon a desirable practice, and 
has already gained the confidence and 
esteem of the community. Mrs. Chalm- 
ers, the wife of our subject, is still liv- 
ing, and resides on the old homestead, 
at Poole. Her quiet, but faithful and 
earnest advocacy of the temperance 
cause, and her ever ready Christian 
charity and assistance in every good 
work, make their own comment, and 
exert a marked influence. 




CANADA. 




r . F. X. JOSEPH MICHAUD, 
Buctouche, Kent County, N.B., 
was born at Madawaska, 
N. B., February i4th, 1841. He is the 
son of Fimin Michaud and Marie Roy 
Lausier. He received his early edu- 
cation at the common schools of Mada- 
waska, and then entered St. Ann's 
College, Quebec, where he received his 
commercial, classical and theological 
education. He was ordained priest at 
St. John, N.B., June loth, 1867, by 
Bishop Sweeney. After ordination, he 
was curate at the Cathedral, and had 
charge of several missions around 
St. John. He was then appointed to 




St. Peter's Church, Portland, N.B., for 
about four years, after which he was 
appointed senior priest, at the Cathe- 
dral, St. John, and in 1876, was made 
pastor of Buctouche Church. Since 
being there, he has built a very large 
convent, which is under the supervision 
of the Sisters of Charity. In 1879, the 
church was nearly destroyed by a 
cyclone, and most of the buildings 
around were destroyed. He then built 
a large presbytery. After the de- 
struction of the church by the cyclone, 
it was rebuilt, but in May, 1886, it was 
burnt to the ground, and after the 
frame work had again been erected, it 
was blown down. The new 
church is now (1893) nearly 
completed, and is a very fine 
building. Father Michaud 
drew himself the plans of all 
those buildings, and super- 
intended the whole work per- 
sonally. Many men would 
have been discouraged by 
all these disasters, but it 
was not so with Father 
Michaud, they only served 
to nerve him with renewed 
energy and determination to 
erect a building more worthy 
of the Roman Catholic 
Church, and better fitted for 
the worship of Almighty 
God. While the misfor- 
tunes to the Church were 
supposed to be disastrous 
to the religious welfare of the 
people, yet in the Providence 
of God, they have resulted 
in good. Father Michaud 
takes a great interest in en- 
couraging farming, and su- 
perintends what is known as 
the Model Farm, for the 
benefit of his parishioners. 
In 1 88 1, he accompanied 
the Bishop to Rome. 





iEV. WILLIAM WRIGHT 
RAINNIE, Pastor of Calvin 
Presbyterian Church, St. 
John, N. B., was born in Aberdeen, 
Scotland, February 6th, 1865. He is 
the son of Geo. and Jane Rainnie. He 
received his education in Aberdeen and 
Glasgow, and was a pupil teacher in 
Rockvilla Public School in Glasgow for 
four years, and then entered Glasgow 
University, where he remained five 
years. While there he taught in pri- 
vate schools, engaged at journalism and 
in City Mission work. He was ins- 
trumental in raising the 69th Company 
of the Glasgow Boys' Brigade, in con- 



nection with Milton Parish Church, and 
on leaving for Canada, was presented 
with many handsome presents. He 
came to Canada under the auspices of 
the Home Mission Committee, May 
3ist, 1889, and was sent to Little Bras 
d'Or, Cape Breton County. Six months 
after, he entered the Theological Hall, 
Halifax, N.S., graduating April, 1892. 
After graduation he preached in differ- 
ent places for several months, and then 
received a call to the village of Hamp- 
ton, and subsequently to Calvin Church, 
St. John, where he is doing very suc- 
cessful work, and is held in the highest 
esteem. 



9 2 





DAVID H. HODGES, 
pastor of the First Presby- 
terian Church, Oak Lake, 
and also of St. David's Presbyterian 
Church, Haggard, Oak Lake, Man., 
was born May 24th, 1857, at Mosside, 
Carroreagh County, Antrim, Ireland. 
His parents were David and Jane 
(NcLeese) Hodges. He was educated 
largely at the schools and colleges of 
the Old Land, and on corning to 
America, in 1880, spent one year in 
Philadelphia, U.S., and then removed 
to Ross, Ont., preached occasionally 
for Rev. M. D. M. Blakely. In 1882, 
he went to McGill College, Montreal, 



Que., and completed his arts course. 
In 1883, he entered the Presbyterian 
College, Montreal, and graduated in 

1886. He was ordained by the Pres- 
bytery in Regina, Assiniboia, August 
loth, 1886, and after laboring at White- 
wood, Assiniboia, was inducted by the 
Brandon Presbytery, into the Presby- 
terian Church, Griswold and Ryerson 
streets, Oak Lake, Man., January gth, 

1887. He is chaplain and past chief 
ranger of the C.O.F., and in politics, 
is a Conservative. He was married, 
February 5th, 1887, to Miss Jennie 
McArthur McLeese, daughter of Mr. 
Win. McLeese, of Ross, Ont. 



OF N 



93 



<^<TXUNCAN HUGO CAMPBELL, 
I Toronto, Ont, member of the 
American Institute of Phren- 
ology, lecturer on Mental Science, Hy- 
giene, etc., was born in Glengarry 
County, Out., April aoth, 1845. He 
is a descendant of Sir Robert Camp- 
bell, of Glenfalloch, whose great-grand- 
son became the fourth Earl of Breadal- 
bane, Perthshire, Scotland. His father 
was the late Hugh Campbell, Esq., 
formerly of Killin, Scotland, but a 
settler in Glengarry, Canada, since 
1832, a quiet unassuming gentleman, 
whose name was a synonym for integ- 
rity and honorable dealing. His mo- 
ther, the late Catherine 
(McLaurin) Campbell, was 
a lady of education and re- 
finement, who spoke fluent- 
ly three languages. Prof. 
Campbell received his early 
education at the common 
school of his district, and 
for some years attended the 
Grammar School at Vank- 
leek Hill. His employment 
since, has been, in early life, 
school teaching, but later 
and principally the work 
of the phrenological field. 
He is a graduate with 
the highest distinction of 
the American Institute of 
Phrenology, and takes front . 
rank in the profession. 
Many who are now prosper- 
ous in the business pointed 
out to them by Professor 
Campbell, as suitable to 
their capacities, can testify 
to the value of his advice in 
aiding young persons to the 
choice of their right sphere 
for usefulness and success 
in life. The press speaks 
of his lectures as highly 
moral in tone, and very 



instructive. Mr. Campbell may be 
regarded as a self-made man, and is by 
nature a student. Next to the reading 
necessarily connected with his profes- 
sion, he has a predilection for linguistic 
studies, and has four languages at 
ready command. He stands high in 
the A.F. & A.M., in which order he has 
held several important offices. Politic- 
ally, he is a staunch Reformer, but 
finds no time to become active in party 
matters. He is "a member of the Baptist 
Church, and has, all his life, been active 
in Sunday School work, in which he has 
been highly esteemed as an efficient 
teacher and superintendent. 




94 



CANADA. 




, OBERT E. HARRIS, Q. C., 
Barrister, senior partner of the 

firm of Harris & Henry, 21 

George street, Halifax, N.S-, was born 
August iSth, 1860, in Annapolis, N.S. 
He is the son of Robert J. and Rebecca 
(Ditmars) Harris, both of whom were 
descendents of U. E. Loyalist stock. He 
received his education at Annapolis 
Academy, and studied Law, in that town, 
with J. M. Owen, also with the firm of 
Thompson & Graham, Mr. Thompson, 
now Sir John S. D.Thompson, Premier 
of Canada, being Attorney General of 
Nova Scotia, at that time, and Wallace 
Graham, now a Judge of the Supreme 



f 




Court of Nova Scotia, constituting the 
firm. Mr. Harris distinguished himself 
as well in his classical, as in his law 
course, and passed his final examinations 
at the head of his class, being admitted to 
the Bar in January, 1882. He then prac- 
ticed at Yarmouth, doing a large busi- 
ness until March, 1893, when he re- 
moved to Halifax, and became a member 
of the firm of Henry, Harris & Henry, 
one of the leading legal firms in the 
Province of Nova Scotia. By the pro- 
motion of the senior member of the 
firm, Mr. H. McD. Henry, who was 
made a Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Nova Scotia, almost immediately after- 
wards, Mr. Harris became 
head of the firm. In June, 
1890, he was created a Q.C., 
at that time not being thirty 
years of age, and he is one 
of the youngest Barristers 
ever appointed to that dis- 
tinguished office in Canada. 
In religion, he is an Episco- 
palian, holding the position 
of vestryman of St. Paul's 
Church, Halifax, and has 
been a member of the Dio- 
cesan Synod of Nova Scotia, 
for the past six years. In 
politics, he is a Liberal-Con- 
servative, but has not taken 
any active part in political 
matters. Mr. Harris is yet 
a young man, and from his 
past record and present posi- 
tion, much may be expected 
of him in the future. On 
the 26th of June, 1883, he 
was married to Miss Minnie 
L. Horsfall, daughter of 
James Horsfall, Esq,, a 
native of England, who 
formerly carried on an ex- 
tensive dry goods busi- 
ness in the city of St. 
John, N.B. 



95 





DOANE McLARREN, 
manager of the Canada Life 
Assurance Company, in the 
Maritime Provinces, Halifax, N.S., was 
born at Argyle, Yarmouth County, 
N.S., March 29th, 1827. His paternal 
grandfather emigrated from Scotland 
with his parents, settling in New York, 
from whence, on the outbreak of the 
war with Great Britain, he, with other 
Loyalists, came to Shelburne, N.S., in 
which and adjoining counties, his des- 
cendents chiefly reside. After receiving 
his education, Mr. McLarren was en- 
gaged in mercantile business until the 
year 1868. In 1870, he became con- 



nected with the Canada Life Assurance 
Company, and has since then devoted 
himself exclusively to the interests of 
that Company in the Maritime Provinces 
and in Newfoundland. Although some- 
what advanced in years, he continues 
to give to his company, a very energetic 
representation, and his long experience 
in life assurance, has made him no 
mean authority on such matters. He 
has been twice married : first, to Joanna, 
daughter of Thos. Coffin, of Barrington, 
N.S.; and second, to Annie, daughter 
of George Piers, of Halifax, N.S. His 
family consists of three sons and two 
daughters. 



9 6 



OK CANADA. 




JAMES C. DUMARESQ, archi- 
tect, Halifax, N.S., was born 
December i8th, 1840, in Sydney, 
Cape Breton. His parents were Charles 
W. and Christina (McDonald) Dnma- 
resq. He received his education at the 
Sydney schools and at Wolfvilie, and 
at an early age, adopted the profession 
of architecture, practicing in Halifax 
and St. John, N.B. His immense prac- 
tice throughout the Maritime Provinces, 
extends into the Upper Provinces, 
Eastern States and the West Indies. 
He has been successful in many archi- 
tectural competitions, among which may 
be mentioned the Legislative Buildings 



at Fredericton, Acadia College, Wolf- 
vilie, and Dalhousie College, Halifax. 
He is now engaged on the Monastery 
of the Good Shepherd and St. Joseph's 
Orphanage, Halifax, and a large num- 
ber of other buildings in the Provinces. 
In politics, he is a prominent and active 
Liberal-Conservative. In religion, he 
is a Baptist. Mr. Dumaresq was 
married, in 1873, to Maud McDonald, 
daughter of Norman McDonald, Hali- 
fax, N.S. His family consists of one 
son and four daughters. The former 
is at present (1893) studying at Horton 
Academy, and bids fair to complete his 
course with honors. 



97 



J TAYLOR WOOD, 
Halifax, N.S., was 
born at Fort Snell- 
ing, N.W.T., now in the 
State of Minnesota, in 1831. 
He is the son of General 
Robert C. Wood, U.S. Army, 
and grandson of General 
Zachary Taylor, ex-presi- 
dent of the United States. 
He entered the U. S. Navy, 
as a midshipman, in 1847, 
and took part in the war 
between the United States 
and Mexico, and has served 
in different parts of the 
world. He resigned his com- 
mission in 1 86 1, and joined 
the Confederate Navy. He 
commanded the After Divi- 
sion of the " Merrimack " or 
"Virginia " in the fights in 
Hampton roads, with the 
k ' Monitor" and other ves- 
sels. Appointed an Aide, 
with the rank of Colonel, on 
the staff of President Jeffer- 
son Davis, who was his 
uncle by marriage. He 
commanded in two cutting 
out expeditions, captured 
three of the enemy's gun 
boats. With General Lee, in a number 
of the battles around Richmond. Pro- 
moted twice for war service. He ran 
the blockade at Wilmington, N. C., in 
the cruiser u Tallehassee," and made 
many captures in the North Atlantic. 
He was captured with President Davis 
at the close of the war. Escaped with 
General Breckenridge, crossed from 
Florida to Cuba in an open boat. He 
came to Halifax in 1865, and has since 
been engaged in shipping, marine in- 
surance, etc. Few men have passed 
through as many thrilling scenes as are 
recorded in the life of Captain Wood. 
He is certainly connected with men and 





events that are conspicuous in the his- 
tory of this continent. He was married 
to Miss Mackubin, of Maryland, in 
1858, daughter of George Mackubin, 
treasurer of his State for 25 years. His 
family consists of four sons and four 
daughters. His eldest son was adjutant 
of the Winnipeg Batallion, and took part 
in all the engagements with the Batoche 
Column, under General Middleton. He 
has held a commission in the North- 
West Mounted Police, since the close of 
the Rebellion. He is a graduate of 
Kingston Military College, and was 
offered a commission in the Royal 
Engineers, but declined. 



OK CANADA. 




JOHN GEO. CALDER, M.D., 
C.M., Medical Superintendent 
of the General Hospital, Medi- 
cine Hat, Assiniboia, was born October 
agth, 1865, near Woodstock, Oxford 
County, Out. His parents were James 
and Johanna (McKay) Calder, natives 
of the Highlands, Scotland. After 
coming to this country, his father 
farmed for some time, but subsequently 
applied himself to contracting and 
building, and died in Winnipeg, Man., 
in 1882. His mother is still living 
(1893) and resides in that city. Dr. 
Calder received his early education in 
the public and High schools of Inger- 



soll, and in July, 1882, re- 
moved to Winnipeg to join 
his parents, who had re- 
moved there some time pre- 
vious. About the year 1882, 
he took up the study of law, 
which he continued for four 
years, during part of this 
time attending the Manitoba 
College. He discontinued 
the study of law and took 
up that of medicine, and 
graduated M.D., C.M., from 
Manitoba University, in 
1889, carrying off the Isbes- 
ter Scholarship of $100, in 
both the primary and final 
years, in which latter year 
also he won the gold medal. 
His educational course was 
unusually brilliant. During 
his last year in medicine, 
he was resident assistant at 
Winnipeg General Hospital, 
and after graduating was 
House Surgeon for one year. 
In the Spring of 1890, Dr. 
Calder removed to Medecine 
Hat, to practice in partner- 
ship with the late Dr. Albert 
Oliver, who was then medi- 
cal superintendent of the 
Medicine Hat General Hospital, and 
after his death, which occurred in 
August, 1891, Dr. Calder succeeded 
him as medical superintendent. He 
is also surgeon to the C. P. R. and 
the North-West Mounted Police, and 
Coroner for the N.W.T., also examining 
physician for a number of insurance 
companies. In religion, he is a Pres- 
byterian, also a member of the I.O.O.F., 
A.O.F., and A. O. U. W. On January 
I2th, 1892, he married Miss Grace Rey- 
nolds, late matron of the Medicine Hat 
General Hospital, and formerly of the 
Garfield Memorial Hospital, at Wash- 
ington and the Leeds Infirmary. 



MEN OK CANADA. 



99 




JOHN FERGUSON BLACK, 
B.A., M.D., Physician and 
Surgeon, Halifax, N.S., was 
born January 2ist, 1847, in Halifax. 
He is the son of Rufus Smith Black, 
M.D., and Mary Theresa Ferguson. 
After receiving his early education, 
Dr. Black entered King's College, 
Windsor, N.S., from which he gra- 
duated B.A. in 1865. He studied 
medicine at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, New York, from which 
he received the degree of M.D. in 
1868. He then located in Halifax, 
where he still remains. He is pro- 
fessor of surgery in Halifax Medical 



College, attending surgeon Victoria 
General Hospital, consulting surgeon 
Halifax Dispensary, and a member of 
the Provincial Medical Board. He is 
also a member of the British Medical 
Association Branch, and of the Halifax 
County Medical Society. He is to be 
congratulated on having so soon reached 
a leading position in the confidence and 
esteem of the public. He is one of the 
leading practitioners of Nova Scotia, 
and is particularly known as a surgeon. 
In politics, Dr. Black gives his sup- 
port to the Liberal-Conservative party, 
but devotes his whole time to his pro- 
fession. He is unmarried. 



100 



CANADA. 





,BV. GEO. SEELEY, retired Bap- 
tist Minister, "The Birches," 
Englewood, Petitcodiac, West- 
moreland County, N.B., was born at 
Kinsale, Ireland, February, 1834. He 
is the son of Geo. Seeley and Ellen 
Howe, a relative of Lord Howe. Mr. 
Seeley received his early education at 
the public schools, and Mill's Private 
Commercial and Scientific Academy, 
St. John, N.B., and subsequently studied 
theology. He was ordained at Carl- 
ton, St. John, in 1854, and received a 
call to the Baptist Church, Carl ton, 
remaining nearly four years. He then 
spent one year in Fredericton, supply- 



ing, after which he located in Wood- 
stock, N.B., remaining for ten years. 
He then became pastor of the First 
Baptist Church, Salisbury for five years, 
and then for four years served the 
Church at Harvey, Albert County, and 
the following three years, St. Andrew's, 
Charlotte County. He also did good 
work at Newcastle, Sheffield, Elgin 
and Petitcodiac, after which he retired, 
although he is still doing very active 
and acceptable service. He was mar- 
ried, July ist, 1858, to May New- 
combe, daughter of the late Reuben 
Cowperthwaite, Esq., of Majorville, N.B. 
He has one son living. 



1VEEN 



101 




JOHN NiBLOCK, the genial 
and accomodating assistant sup- 
erintendent of the C.P.R., at 
Medicine Hat, Assiniboia, was born 
December 2ist, 1849, ^ n York County, 
Ont. His parents were James and 
Hannah (Webster) Niblock. His fa- 
ther was a native of Ireland, and his 
mother was of English descent, but 
born in Canada. Mr. Niblock attended 
the public schools in Scarboro Town- 
ship, York County, Out., and worked 
at farming until he was seventeen 
years of age. He then worked for 
three years at the shoemaking trade, 
and subsequently took up railroading 



on the G.T.R., and rose 
to the rank of conductor. 
Afterwards he entered the 
employ of the C.P.R., and 
after rising from conductor 
to train master, was appoint- 
ed assistant superintendent 
of the Western Division, in 
1883. He has had such a 
practical experience, start- 
ing at the bottom of the lad- 
der, and being naturally an 
able man, it is no wonder 
that he is considered one of 
the best railroad men in the 
country. He is also a pub- 
lic spirited man, and to him 
belongs the credit of found- 
ing and promoting the Gen- 
eral Hospital at Medicine 
Hat, which is unquestion- 
ably one of the finest in the 
Dominion. He contributed 
largely of his own time and 
means, and was instrumen- 
tal, in securing the sym- 
pathy and financial aid of 
many noted persons in 
Canada, Great Britain and 
the United States. The 
whole institution, from the 
basement to the top story, 
presents an air of home-like comfort 
and cheer, not always found in similar 
institutions. Much might be said of 
the eminent staff of nurses employed, 
of which Miss Miller is the accom- 
plished matron, but space will not per- 
mit. Mr. Niblock is a Methodist in 
religion, and a Conservative in politics. 
He has been married twice : first, on 
March yth, 1872, to Miss Isabella 
Slater, of Middlesex County, Ont., by 
whom he has two sons and one daughter 
living; and second, to Miss Clare, sec- 
ond daughter of Col. P. H. Attwood, 
on March 3Oth, 1892. Mr. Niblock is 
an active temperance worker. 



102 




VERIND A. KIRK- 
PATRICK, M.D., 
C.M., now practic- 
ing as a specialist in diseases 
of the eye, ear and throat, 
Halifax, N. S., was born 
September i8th, 1861, at 
Aylesford, Kings County, 
N.S. He is the son of Geo. 
Kirkpatrick, of Aylesford, 
and Catherine Gates, of 
Melvern Square, the latter 
now deceased. Dr. Kirk- 
patrick attended the com- 
mon school at Melvern 
Square until he was eight- ' 
eeu years of age, when he 
received a grade B license 
to teach in the public school, 
and for five years was en- 
gaged in that profession, 
three of which he was vice- 
principal of the Kentville 
Academy. He subsequently 
entered McGill University, 
Montreal, from which he 
graduated M.D., C.M., in 

1888, he made a brilliant 
educational course and held 
the honorary position of 
Prosector to the Chair of 
Anatomy. Dr. Kirkpatrick 

first practiced as physician and surgeon, 
in partnership with Dr. F. W. Borden, 
M.P., Canning, N.S. In the summer of 

1889, he went to New York to prepare 
himself for a specialist. He served one 
year as a house surgeon in the New 
Amsterdam Eye and Ear Hospital of 
New York City, and before leaving, was 
appointed a lecturer on diseases of the 
eye and ear in the New York Polyclinic 
School of Medicine. He also studied 
in the office of the celebrated Drs. Agnew 
& Webster. In 1890 he began to prac- 
tice in the city of Halifax, and from the 
beginning enjoyed a successful and 
lucrative connection. He is abundantly 




qualified for his important profession, 
having obtained his education and train- 
ing from the best equipped institutions 
on this continent, and is already well 
known for his skill as a specialist. Dr. 
Kirkpatrick is a member of the British 
Medical Association, and the Maritime 
Medical Association. In politics, he is 
a Liberal. He was married, June i5th, 
1892, to Miss Eliza Lawton Wickwire, 
daughter of the late J. L. Wickwire, 
Esq., of Canning, and niece of Dr. Wm. 
Wickwire, of Halifax. Her mother, 
who is still living, was Annie Lawton, 
daughter of the well known ship owner 
Jas. Lawton, of St. John, N.B., deceased. 



CANADA. 



10' 




T\ /TONTAGUE A. B. SMITH, 
IV I M - D -> Halifax, N.S., was born 
V> August loth, 1860, at Char- 
lottetown, P.E.I. His parents are Rev. 
John S. Smith, clergyman of the Church 
of England for thirty-five years in active 
work, but now retired, and Charlotte 
Bent, who died in 1891. Dr. Smith 
was educated at Windsor Academy, and 
King's College, Windsor, N.S., where 
he took the " Almon Welsford Prize " 
for best examination in the first year. 
From there, he went to New York 
University, Medical Department, where 
he graduated in 1883. He was house 
surgeon in Victoria General Hospital, 



at Halifax, in 1884, for one year, and 
practiced for a short time as physician 
for the Albion Coal Mine, Stellartou, 
N.S., From there, he removed to Dart- 
mouth, where he has remained eight 
years (1893). He is a member of the 
Halifax Branch of the British Medical 
Association, and other local medical so- 
cieties, and physician to Halifax Dispen- 
sary. He is also clinical instructor in 
medicine at the Halifax Medical College. 
Dr. Smith is making rapid progress in 
the medical profession, and will, doubt- 
less, attain high rank. In politics, he is 
a Liberal-Conservative, and in religion, 
belongs to the Church of England. 



IO4 



1VEKN 





NICHOLSON, M.D., 
Newcastle, Northumberland 
County, N.B., was bom at 
Chatham, May iQth, 1865. He is the 
son of John R. and Elizabeth (Ritchie) 
Nicholson. The former came from 
Silloth, England, and the latter, from 
Paisley, Scotland. He received his 
early education at Harkin's Academy, 
Newcastle, and in 1880, was Lome 
medalist. From there, he entered 
King's College University, Frederictou, 
N.B., graduating with the degree of 
B.A., in 1884, and as M.A., in 1886. 
He won the Marquis of Lome medal, 
being the first man to receive that honor. 



After leaving Frederictou, he studied 
medicine at the University Medical 
College of the City of New York, gra- 
duating with honors in March, 1887, 
and then went to England, and studied 
in London for some fourteen months, at 
the London Hospital, and the Opthalmic 
in Moorfields. On returning to his 
native country, he took a three months' 
course at the Polyclinic Hospital, New 
York, and then commenced to practice 
his profession at Newcastle, N.B., where 
he has succeeded in working up a large 
connection. He is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and secretary of 
the Local Board of Health. 



MEN 



105 



V\/ILLIAM TOBIN, Fellow of 
r T the Royal College of Surgeons, 
and member of the Royal College of 
Physcians, in Ireland, late Surgeon 
Army Medical Department, professor 
of Laryngology in Halifax Medical 
College, Ophthalmic Surgeon, on staff 
Victoria General Hospital, Halifax, 
N.S., was born in 1847, in the c ^y of 
Halifax. He is the only sou of the late 
John Tobin, merchant, and for many 
years Conservative member for Halifax, 
prior to Confederation. Dr. Tobin was 
educated by the Jesuit Qrder, first at 
Fordham College, New York, and sub- 
sequently at the College de Vaugirard, 
Paris, France, under the 
celebrated Pere Olivant. He 
afterwards studied medicine 
in Dublin, at the Royal Col- 
lege of Surgeons, as appren- 
tice to Dr. Mapother, then 
professor, and subsequently 
president of the school. He 
graduated in 1868-69, ail< ^ 
entered the Army by com- 
petitive examination in 
1871, and was gazetted as- 
sistant surgeon to the 24th 
Regiment. He served with 
this regiment, in India, until 
its return to England, and 
completed his Indian tour of 
five years, attached to the 
Royal Artillery. He volun- 
teered for Burmah in 1874, 
during the Karen troubles, 
and accompanied Sir Doug- 
las Forsythe's company, to 
the Court of the King at 
Mandalay, in medical charge 
of the party. He returned 
to England, in 1876, by spe- 
cial leave, and retired from 
the Army in 1879. He 
then devoted himself to spe- 
cial medical studies (Eye, 
Ear and Throat) in Paris, 



and in London, aid began practice as a 
specialist, in Halifax, N.S., in 1882. 
He accompanied the Halifax Battalion 
to the North-West, during the late 
Rebellion, and served as surgeon in 
charge, during the campaign. He as- 
sisted in founding the first branch of 
the British Medical Association in Hali- 
fax, in 1883, and has twice acted as its 
president. He is a Roman Catholic, 
and in politics, a Conservative. In 1882, 
he married the youngest daughter of the 
Hon. Dalton Shea, president of Legis- 
lative Council, St. John's, Newfound- 
land, brother of Sir Anibroise Shea, 
Governor of the Bahamas. 




io6 




ARTLEY GISBORNE, District 
Superintendent and Electrician 
for the Government Tele- 
graph Service in Manitoba and the 
N.W.T., was born May 5th, 1860, at 
" Norwood," Sydenham, Kent, Eng. 
His parents were Frederick Newton 
and Henrietta (Hernaman) Gisborne. 
His father, who died in 1892, was a wide 
world-known electrical engineer, and 
the first proposer of trans- Atlantic tele- 
graphy, one of the original members 
of the Royal Society of Canada, and 
a member of numerous scientific socie- 
ties. He came to Canada in 1872, and 
settled in Nova Scotia, until 1879, when 



appointed 




he removed to Ottawa. Mr. Hartley Gis- 
borne, received his education at Mer- 
cer's School, London, Eng., Dr. Gilpin's 
School at Halifax, N.S., King's College 
School, Windsor, N.S. He had a pri- 
vate tutor, in Sidney, N. S., special 
instructors in chemistry, assaying, 
geology, electricity, in Halifax, N.S., 
and, for many years, received instruc- 
tion from his father. From 1876 to 1879, 
during the summer months, he acted as 
assistant geologist and surveyor, in the 
Geological Survey of Canada, and while 
in Nova Scotia, attended lectures during 
the winter months. In 1880, he was 
as engineer in charge of 
telegraph construction in 
British Columbia, trans- 
ferred, in 1882, to the North- 
West Territories, and ap- 
pointed district superin- 
tendent, in addition to his 
other appointment. In 1882 
he took a tour through 
many of the States, for 
pleasure, and to see what 
progress had been made 
in electricity. During the 
summer of '90, he was 
chief electrical engineer on 
the Government steamer 
" Newfield," laying and re- 
pairing submarine cables. 
During the North- West Re- 
bellion, he was in active 
service. Mr. Gisborne is a 
member of the Canadian 
Society of Civil Engineers, 
the Institution of Electrical 
Engineers, England, life 
member of the British As- 
sociation for the Advance- 
ment of Science, Fellow of 
the Imperial Institute, J. P., 
and member of the Masonic 
and I.O.O.F. societies, etc. 
He is a member of the 
Church of England. 



107 





WJAMILTON LANG, editor and 
<3 J^1 proprietor of the Times, Moose 
VS> Jaw, Assa., was born Nov- 
ember ayth, 1867, at Aylrner, Que. He 
is a son of Rev. James and Mary 
(Macdonald) Lang. On his father's 
side, he is descended from north of 
Ireland stock, and his mother's ancestors 
came from the Highlands of Scotland 
to this country, with Lord Selkirk in 
1812. Mr. Lang's family removed to 
Langvale, Manitoba, in 1880, and were 
the first white settlers in that district, 
and it is from them the place derives 
its name. He received his early educa- 
tion in Ottawa, and afterwards pursued 



his studies privately. In 1888, he at- 
tended a short session of the Brandon 
Normal School, then taught school for 
two years, and afterwards attended the 
Normal School in Winnipeg, one ses- 
sion. After teaching another year at 
Morris, Man., he removed to Moose 
Jaw, in January, 1891, to take charge of 
the Intermediate Department of the 
Public School. One year later, he 
bought the 7^'mes from Mr. Jas. Nathan 
McDonald. In addition to the regular 
newspaper press, the Times office is 
equipped with power job presses and 
other modern improvements. Mr. Lang 
is a Conservative in politics. 



loS 



MEN OR 





-r^DWARD JAMES MORSE, B. A., 
Jj, Barrister, Notary Public, etc., 
~"^^> Windsor, Nova Scotia, was 
born in 1854, in Clarence, Annapolis 
County, N.S. His parents were Samuel 
Edward Morse and Sarah Ann (Elliot) 
Morse. The former was a school teach- 
er, and was born in Bridgetown, N.S., 
while the latter was a native of Clarence, 
N.S. Mr. Morse received his education 
at Acadia College, Wolfville, N.S., and 
graduated from that institution, receiv- 
ing the degree of B.A. in 1880. He 
then engaged in agricultural pursuits 
for several years. On January i2th, 
1891, he was admitted to the Bar as 



barrister, and immediately began to 
practice as such. In politics, Mr. 
Morse is a Liberal-Conservative, but 
does not take an active interest in the 
affairs of his party. In religion, he is 
a Baptist. He was married, February 
23rd, 1881, to Jessie Alma Parsons, 
daughter of Henry Parsons, Esq., of 
Kingston, Nova Scotia. His family 
consists of two sons and one daughter. 
Mr. Morse is a man of energy and 
ability, thoroughly painstaking and 
industrious, which, coupled with his 
Stirling principle, must sooner or later 
place him in the leading ranks of his 
profession. 



CANADA. 



109 




,EV. JOSEPH PASCOE, retired 
Methodist Minister, of Petit- 
_ codiac, Westmoreland Coun- 
ty, N.B., was born at Sithney, Corn- 
wall, England, August 23rd, 1834. 
He is the son of John and Elizabeth 
Pascoe. His father was a native of 
Sithney, and his mother of Constantine, 
Cornwall. He received his early educa- 
tion at a private academy, at Gwennop, 
in Cornwall, and finished it with a Cler- 
gyman in Oxfordshire. He was then 
sent by the Wesleyan Mission Com- 
mittee to Newfoundland in 1 861, remain- 
ing there until iSSi, and then went to 
Prince Edward Island, where he conti- 









nued until 1886, when he was removed 
to Dorchester, N.B., where he served 
two years. After leaving Dorchester, he 
went to Jerusalem circuit, Queen's 
County, N.B., and then to Shediac, and 
retired in 1891, through ill health. 
Mr. Pascoe has been married three 
times: first, in July, 1868, to Joanna, 
daughter of William Whelan, Esq., of 
Brigus, Newfoundland ; and second, in 
July, 1875, to Alice Mary, daughter of 
Stephen Wright, Esq., of Bedeque, 
P.E.I.; and third, to Catherine Osborne, 
on June 6th, 1889, daughter of the late 
Robert Moore, merchant, of Dorchester, 
and a native of Donegal, Ireland. She 
is also a sister of the Hon. 
Joseph L. Moore, of Dor- 
chester, who was a member 
of the Provincial Parliament 
for a number of years. Mr. 
Pascoe is a member of the 
Masonic Order, also of the 
Orange Order and Sons of 
Temperance. In politics, he 
is a Reformer. He has 
written a large number of 
poems, notably one on the 
Queen's birthday, which 

was published in the Wes- 
leyan, of Halifax, May 23rd, 
1889. He was journal sec- 
retary of the Newfoundland 
Conference in 1876, secre- 
tary in 1877, an d journal 
secretary for a second time 
in 1879, and that year wrote 
the pastorate address of 
the Conference. As he is 
scarcely beyond the prime 
of life, much good may be 
expected from his continued 
labors, not only in the pul- 
pit, but through the med- 
dium of his read}'- pen, 
which has furnished so 
much interesting and help- 
ful matter. 



I IO 



CANADA. 



"Y\7lLLIAM WHITE, Q.C., senior 
r \ member of the law firm of 
White & Wyssman, Moosomin, Assi- 
niboia, N.W.T.,\vas born at Hamilton, 
Ont., April 29th, 1856. His parents 
were the late Thomas and Eliza (Barr) 
White, natives of Omaga, County 
Tyrone, Ireland. His father was Col- 
lector of Inland Revenue, at Hamilton, 
Ont. Mr. White was educated at the 
public school and Collegiate Institute, 
Hamilton, W. C. College, Toronto, and 
is an undergraduate of Toronto Univer- 
sity, matriculating in 1874. He was 
then employed by the Canadian Bank 
of Commerce, Toronto, and Hamilton 
for two years. He studied 
law with his brother, John 
White, M. A., and sub- 
sequently with Lizier & 
White, of Hamilton, Ont., 
in all two years. He then 
studied with Beaty, Hamil- 
ton & Cassels ; Howland, 
Arnoldi & Ryerson, and 
McCarthy, Hoskin & Creel- 
man, of Toronto, in all 
three years. He was called 
to the Bar in 1880, and after 
practicing a short time in 
Hamilton, Ont., he removed 
to the N.W.T., arriving in 
Regina, Assiniboia, in May, 
1882, and began practice in 
partnership with Mr. D. L. 
Scott, Q.C., in 1883, which 
partnership continued for 
three years. He removed to 
Moosomin, and began to 
practice in October, 1886, 
where he has been rewarded 
by marked success ever 
since. Mr. White was cre- 
ated a Q.C., January 2nd, 
1890. He is Crown Prose- 
cutor for Eastern Assiniboia, 
since 1887, was a member 
of the North- West Council, 



was elected to the first council of the 
N.W.T. for Regina, in 1883, which 
office he held until 1886 ; was transport 
officer for Battleford Column, North- 
West Field Force, during North-West 
Rebellion of 1885 ; and census com- 
missioner for Assiniboia, for 1886. Mr. 
White is a member of the Church of 
England, and in politics, a Liberal-Con- 
servative. He was married, March 23rd, 
1887, to Miss Frances, eldest daughter of 
the late John Bolton-Cholerton Hall, 
Surgeon 8th Brigade Royal Artillery, of 
Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, England, 
who died at sea, on his way from India 
with his regiment, in February, 1872. 




1 1 1 




<<TNEV. DAVID FORSYTH, A.B., 
TV Rector of St. Paul's, Chatham, 
VS) N.B., and Honorary Canon of 
Christ Church Cathedral, Fredericton, 
was born in Hammond, King's County, 
N.B., October, 1845. He is a son of 
David and Elizabeth Forsyth, of Ty- 
rone, Ireland. His mother's father was 
Robert Nethery, Esq., sometime divinity 
student at Trinity College, Dublin. 
Canon Forsyth received his preparatory 
education in the schools of his native 
county, and at the Collegiate School, 
Fredericton, N. B. He entered the 
University of New Brunswick in 1869, 
and graduated with honors in 1872. 



After further study of divinity, he was 
ordained deacon in Christ Church Cathe- 
dral, Fredericton, N. B., by Bishop 
Medley, in 1873, and given charge of St. 
Paul's Parish, Chatham, N.B. He was 
advanced to the priesthood, in March, 
1874, by Bishop Medley, in Sussex, 
N.B., and was appointed rector of St. 
Paul's, Chatham. He is Rural Dean of 
Chatham, and in 1889, he was appointed 
an honorary Canon of Christ Church 
Cathedral, Fredericton. He has long 
been a member of the Canadian Pro- 
vincial Synod, and of the Board of 
Management of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society. 



112 





ARCHIBALD, 

iff, Halifax, N.S., was bom 
August 1 6th, 1840, at Mus- 
quodoboit, Halifax County, N.S. His 
father was Matthew Archibald and his 
mother Jane Grant. The former fol- 
lowed farm life and died about the year 
1883. Mr. Archibald received a good 
common school education, and then 
commenced life as a farmer and stock 
trader, which occupation he followed for 
ten years. In 1871, he was elected to 
represent the County of Halifax, and 
was again elected in 1874, but was de- 
feated in 1878. In 1879, he was elected 
to the County Council, and in 1880 was 



appointed County Warden, and for 
three years was elected by acclamation, 
to succeed himself as Councillor. For 
two years, he was Warden of the County 
of Halifax. In 1883, he was appointed 
by the Government, as Sheriff of Hali- 
fax County, which office he now holds. 
In politics, he is a Liberal, and in reli- 
gion, a Presbyterian, and an elder in St. 
Andrew's Church, Halifax. He is also 
a member of the North British Society, 
and in 1892, was president of the same. 
Mr. Archibald was married, in 1865, to 
Miss McLachlan, who is of Scotch 
descent. His family consists of eight 
children, seven sons and one daughter. 



OF* CANADA. 



THE MOST REV. ALEX- 
^ ANDRE ANTONIN 

TACH, Roman Catholic 
Archbishop of St. Boniface, 
Manitoba, is descended from 
a most remarkable family, 
which has been prominent 
in Church, State and Lite- 
rature. He was born July 
23rd, 1823, at Riviere du 
Loup, Que. His father was 
Charles Tache, brother of 
the late Sir Etienne Pascal 
Tache, Premier of Canada, 
and his mother was Demoi- 
selle Henriette Boucher de 
la Broquerie, grand niece of 
Madame d'Yonville, who 
founded the Grey Nunnery 
of Montreal. Archbishop 
Tache is a man possessing 
the strongest religious con- 
victions, an unswerving de- 
votion to duty, a most supe- 
rior intellect and kindly dis- 
position. He received his 
classical education in the 
College of St. Hyacinthe, 
P.Q., and after some time in 
the Theological Seminary, 
Montreal, returned to St. 
Hyacinthe, as professor of 
Mathematics. June 24th, 1845, he 
started, with Father Aubert, as a mis- 
sionary, in a birch bark canoe, for the 
Red River district, and reached St. 
Boniface, after a journey of 62 days. 
On the following Sunday, was ordained 
Deacon, and Priest on October i2th of 
the same year. In 1851, he proceeded 
to France and was there consecrated 
Bishop, November 23rd of that year, 
and after visiting Rome, he returned 
to Quebec, and in June, 1851, again 
reached St. Boniface. On June /th, 
1853, the first Bishop of St. Boni- 
face died, and Bishop Tache became 
titular of all the North-West. Bishop 




Tache was away in France, when the 
first North-West Rebellion broke out, 
but at the request of the Canadian 
Government, at once hastened back, 
and though he arrived too late to pre- 
vent the death of Thomas Scott, he was 
largely instrumental in restoring peace. 
He was appointed Archbishop and Me- 
tropolitan of St. Boniface, on the 22nd 
September, 1871. Of late years, his 
health, has been seriously impaired, but 
his many friends sincerely hope that he 
may long be permitted to listen to the 
sweet chimes of u The Bells of St. Boni- 
face," which form the theme of one of 
Whittier's most beautiful poems. 

8 





IAPTAIN w. H. SMITH, F.R.G. 

S.,M.M.S. A., Lieutenant. R.N.R., 
"S> chairman of the Board of 
Examiners of Masters and Mates, com- 
missioner for enquiring into wrecks and 
a nautical advisor to the Dominion 
Government, was born in 1837, at Broad- 
stairs, Kent, England. His parents 
were John Samuel and Charlotte (Day) 
Smith. His father was a commander 
in the Royal Navy, served on board 
H.M.S. "Minotaur" as a midshipman 
at the battle of Trafalgar, in 1805, was 
wounded by a Spanish bullet, and re- 
ceived a special pension. Capt. Smith 
was educated at the Grammar School, 



Canterbury, and the Naval 
School, Greenwich. He has 
been to sea from his youth. 
Was in the Government 
Transport Service during 
the Crimean War, and re- 
cently commodore of the 
Allan Line fleet and in 
command of the '' Parisian " 
when she made the mem- 
orable voyage from Tory 
Island to Belle Isle in 4 
days, 17 hours and 10 mi- 
nutes. He has crossed the 
Atlantic several hundred 
times, and has had many 
passengers of note with him. 
His ship was anchored with 
the combined fleets of Eng- 
land, France and Turkey, 
off Sebastopol, and he sail- 
ed with them to Odessa. 
Proceeded to Kinburn with 
sealed orders, and laid the 
buoys for the fleet, was 
present at the bombard- 
ment of Kinburn Forts, 
and interpreted for the 
General when he surren- 
dered. Capt. Smith was in 
the Redan two days after 
it was taken, and before 
being occupied by the British ; he was 
also present at other engagements. He 
is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical 
Society of England, member of the 
Council of the Mercantile Marine As- 
sociation of Liverpool, and a member 
of the Nova Scotia Institute of Natural 
Science. He belongs to the Church 
of England, and is lay-reader in the 
Parish of Sackville, N.S. He married 
in 1874, Marion Becker Thomas, 
daughter of the Rev. Lewis F. Thomas, 
B.A., formerly Chaplain to the Earl 
of Galloway and son of General Sir 
Lewis Thomas. His family consists 
of five sous and three daughters. 



OK CANADA. 





,EV. CHARLES WATSON SA- 
BLES, Baptist Minister, Caiiip- 
bellton, Restigouche County, 
N.B., was born at Medford, Mass., 
U.S.A., December i2th, 1855. He is 
the son of John Sables and Sarah Grant, 
the former, a contractor and ship 
builder, who erected many of the large 
public buildings in his town and state. 
Mr. Sables received his early education 
at the schools of Medford, graduated at 
Medford, and received a diploma from 
the Faith Training College, Boston. 
He received his classical and theological 
education under private tutors. While 
in Boston, he did a good deal of mission 



work among the prisons and lodging 
houses, and was on the executive com- 
mittee of the Young Men's Mission. 
He received a call to Campbellton, 
October 2oth, 1892, and was ordained 
the following January. Here his mis- 
sion extends to Metapedia, Moore's and 
Mann's settlements and Eel River. 
In 1885, tne fi rst Baptist Mission in 
Campbellton, was formed, and some 
three years later a church was built, 
which is now free from debt. Mr. 
Sables was married, July loth, 1889, at 
Baring, Maine, to Mary L., daughter 
of Joseph Moore, Esq., of Moncton. 
He has one son and one daughter. 



CANADA. 








CORNISH WILCOCKS, 
editor and proprietor of The 
Leader, Granby, Que, was born in 
Richmond, Que., in 1869. He is the 
youngest living son of Arthur and 
Marion F. Wilcocks. The former is a 
native of Exeter, England, and came to 
Canada in 1854. He was clerk of the 
Circuit Court at Richmond, from 1869 
to 1884, mayor of Melbourne for several 
years, chairman of the School Commis- 
sioners of Richmond, and mayor of that 
town, in 1893. The latter is a daughter 
of the late Rev. H. Evans, of Welsh 
descent, but born in Canada. Mr. Wil- 
cocks, received a College education, and 



took the degree of B.A. at Bishop's 
College, Lennoxville. He then entered 
with the Star, of Montreal, and subse- 
quently managed the printing depart- 
ment for J. C. Wilson & Co. In May 
1891, he located in Granby, and founded 
The Leader, one of the most popular 
journals in the Province. Mr. Wilcocks 
is a Conservative, but his paper is Inde- 
pendent. He took an active part in the 
general elections of 1891, when the 
Hon. Wilfrid Laurier was defeated by 
Mr. C. C. Cleveland, of Richmond 
County. He was married, June 2ist, 
1893, to Amy Isabella, only daughter 
of Alonzo C. Savage, of Granby. 





V. JOSEPH McCOY, of Clmt- 
ham, N.B., was born in Hamil- 
ton, Ont., September 23rd, 
1848. He is the son of the late John 
McCoy, and Elizabeth Jane Scott, na- 
tives of the North of Ireland. Receiving 
his early education at the public and 
Grammar schools of his native city, he 
entered the University of Toronto, in 
September, 1871, in which institution 
he had an honorable career, taking the 
degree of B.A., with honors, and a 
silver medal in Natural Science, in 
1875. He then entered his theological 
course in Knox College, receiving, at 
the close of his first session, the scholar- 



ship in Biblical criticism. 
The same year he passed 
his examination at the Uni- 
versity, taking the degree 
of M.A. In 1878, he com- 
pleted his collegiate course, 
obtaining the scholarship in 
Systematic Theology. He 
obtained also the prize for 
Scripture reading, given by 
the Literary Society. Dur- 
ing the last four years of 
his course, he taught with 
marked success, English 
and Botany, to the se- 
nior classes in "Rolleston 
House," Toronto, a young 
ladies' academy of excel- 
lent standing. He was or- 
dained a minister by the 
Presbytery of Huron, Febru- 
ary 3rd, 1879, and inducted 
into the pastoral charge of 
Egmondville Church. Un- 
der his ministry, the con- 
gregation made substantial 
progress, clearing off the 
debt, and building a beauti- 
ful manse. Here, while his 
people were greatly attached 
to him, he received a call 
from St. Andrew's Church, 
Chatham, N.B. As he saw it was his 
duty to accept this call, he was released 
by the Presbytery, the members ex- 
pressing regret at his removal from 
them. He was inducted minister of 
St. Andrew's, September i8th, 1889, by 
the Presbytery of Miramichi, and his 
ministry has been very successful, in a 
large and wide spread congregation. He 
was married, April 8th, 1879, to Mary 
Helen, only daughter of Mr. Joseph C. 
Huckins, of Stratford, Ont. His bro- 
thers Mr. John McCoy, inspector of the 
Hamilton Provident and Loan Society, 
and Dr. Samuel McCoy, B.A., of St. 
Catharines, are well-known in Ontario. 



n8 



CANADA. 



FREDERICK ROGERS, 

-I D.C.L., Barrister, etc., 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., 
was born in Derbyshire, 
Eng., May gth, 1857. Mr. 
Rogers canie to Canada 
when about 16 years of age. 
He subsequently studied 
law with Messrs. MacMahon 
& Gibbons, London, Ont., 
and was called to the Bar in 
1880. In 1882, he removed 
to Sault Ste. Marie, where 
he has since practiced his 
profession. In June, 1888, 
he completed his course in 
Civil Law at Trinity Univer- 
sity, Toronto, and received 
from that institution the 
degree of B.C.L., and the 
degree of D.C.L. in 1893. 
Dr. Rogers is prominently 
connected with what is 
known, as "The Coloniza- 
tion and Imigration Move- 
ment in Algoma." Some 
two years ago, on the for- 
mation of the Algoma Col- 
onization Society, he was 
chosen honorary secretary, 
and has devoted much time 
and money in endeavoring 
to bring to the notice of the world at 
large, the many opportunities and in- 
ducements which that district offers to 
intending colonists. He spent consider- 
able time in gathering statistics and 
information from all parts of the 
district, which he compiled in a pam- 
phlet, published by the society, entitled, 
l ' Algoma Farmers Testify," a work of 
some 68 pages, which/ with other 
literature concerning Algoma, is being 
largely circulated in the Old Land by 
Sir Charles Tupper and P. Byrne, Esq., 
the Ontario Government agent at Li- 
verpool, and also throughout Canada 
and the United States, by the Algoma 




Colonization Society. In addition to 
taking a great interest in agricultural 
and colonization matters, Dr. Rogers 
has also connected himself with the 
benevolent work, carried on by the 
different fraternal societies, and is a 
P.M. of the A.F. & A.M. He also 
belongs to the I.O.O.F., the K. of P., 
the Foresters and other societies. In 
politics, he is a Liberal-Conservative, 
and has taken an active part in several 
campaigns. Having lived so long in 
the district, he has won, for himself, 
the affection and esteem of his neigh- 
bors, and has build up a large profes- 
sional practice from all parts of the same. 



119 





,EV. WALTER J. DOODY, 

Annapolis, N.S., was born June 
_ 3rd, 1868, at Aglish Moon- 
coin, County Kilkenny, Ireland. He 
is the son of Edmund and Margaret 
(Phelan) Doody, the former now de- 
ceased. He began his education at 
Carrigeen, Kilkenny County, and com- 
menced his classical education at the 
College School, Waterford County, 
Waterford, Ireland. He studied Philoso- 
phy and Theology at St. John's College, 
Waterford. He received the minor or- 
ders from the late Bishop Egan, and 
coming to Canada in July, 1890, was 
ordained to the priesthood by Arch- 



bishop O'Brien, December yth, of the 
same year, at St. Mary's Cathedral, 
Halifax. He then spent nine months 
under Rev. Dr. Murphy, as junior 
curate, and in October, 1891, took charge 
of St. Louis Church, Parish of Anna- 
polis. Father Doody has certainly re- 
ceived prominent attention at the hands 
of his church, at the very outset of his 
ministry, and is to be congratulated on 
the possession of those qualities of head 
and heart, which have brought him so 
speedily to the front. His future ap- 
pears to be full of promise, and his 
many friends hope that his useful life 
may be long spared. 



120 



JVTEN OF 




JOHN ANDREW DAVIDSON, 
M.P.P., general merchant, Nee- 
pawa, Manitoba, was born Au- 
gust i9th, 1852, at Thamesford, Oxford 
County, Ont. After completing his 
education, he went into business life, 
and in 1868, removed to Iowa, U.S., 
and in 1871 to Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
but subsequently located in Portage 
La Prairie, where he remained one year. 
In April, 1872, he started farming at 
Gladstone, Manitoba, where he also 
kept a store and the post office, until 
1 88 1, when he founded the town of 
Neepawa. He now conducts a large 
general store business, and extensive 



ranching operations, and has been iden- 
tified with almost every public enter- 
prise of the place. He has been a 
member of the Town Council ever since 
its formation, and was, for some time, 
chairman of the School Board. He was 
elected M.P.P., first in November, 1881, 
and by acclamation in January, 1883, 
was defeated in 1886 and 1888, and 
elected again July, 1892. In politics, 
Mr. Davidson is a Conservative, and in 
religion, a Methodist. He is an enthu- 
siastic Mason, and was D.D.G.M. in 
1889 and 1890. He was married, March 
2Oth, 1878, to Miss Sophia Ellen, daugh- 
ter of Jos. Hamilton, of Perth Co., Ont. 



CANADA. 



121 



^\ /T ARSHALL MACKLIN, M.D., 
J.VI M.C.P.S.O., Practicing Physi- 
v) cian and Surgeon, Portage 
La Prairie, Manitoba, was born July 
i yth, 1840, in the Township of Scarboro, 
York County, Ont. His father, Mar- 
shall Macklin, a Scotch Irishman, was 
one of the early pioneers of York 
County, and a leader in many public 
enterprises. His mother, Mary Jack- 
son, was a native of Glasgow, Scotland. 
Dr. Macklin, after completing his 
course in the public and Grammar 
schools, attended the University of 
Toronto, and then, on account of failing 
health, returned to the farm, where 





he remained about five years. On the 
death of his first wife, he sold the farm, 
and began the study of medicine in 
Trinity Medical School, Toronto, from 
which he graduated in the Spring of 
1877. He then removed to Port Arthur, 
Ont., as physician to the C.P.R., and 
afterwards settled in Portage La Prairie, 
Man., in 1879, where he started a drug 
store, in partnership with Mr. A. B. 
Lakeman. After two years, the latter 
was succeeded by Mr. H. M. Campbell, 
and at the end of five years, Dr. 
Macklin disposed of his interests in the 
drug business; and gave his whole 
attention to his profession, which has 
so increased, that it is now, 
probably, the largest in the 
Province of Manitoba, out- 
side of Winnipeg. In re- 
ligion, Dr. Macklin is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, 
a Reformer. He is also an 
eighteen degree Mason, and 
has held many prominent 
offices in that Order. He 
is an enthusiastic rifleman, 
and is one of the best shots 
in the 95th Battalion. Dr. 
Macklin was instrumental 
in organizing the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons 
in Manitoba, and continues 
to represent that body in the 
University Council. He 
possesses in large abun- 
dance, those qualities of 
head and heart, which so 
materially aid in bringing 
a professional man into pro- 
minence, and making him 
favorably known in the com- 
munity where he resides. 
The Doctor has been married 
three times, and has two sons 
and one daughter by the first 
wife, and two daughters by 
his third wife. 



122 



JAMES HODD, president of the 
Hodd & Cullen Milling Co., 
(Ltd.), Stratford, Ont., was 
born June 28th, 1850, in Woking, Sur- 
rey, England. His parents, James and 
Elizabeth (Hull) Hodd, were held in 
universal esteem. Mr. Hodd was edu- 
cated chiefly at an endowed school, in 
Hungerford, Berkshire, after which he 
worked on his father's farm until 1871, 
when he came to Canada, and was 
apprenticed to the milling business, in 
Hamilton, Ont. and vicinity. Since 
that time he has given his careful and 
entire attention to this important in- 
dustry. After several years experience 
in Hamilton, Dundas, De- 
troit, and in the Western 
States, he engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account 
in 1880, in Clifford, Ont. 
In 1882, Mr. Hodd and the 
late Mr. John Cullen, of Ayr 
Ont., removed to Stratford, 
and built the now widely 
known Classic City Mills, 
having a capacity of 300 
barrels per day, and which, 
they operate under the firm 
name of Hodd & Cullen. 
On the death of the latter, 
in 1886, his interests were 
purchased by Mr. John Fred- 
erick, of West Flamboro, 
and the business continued 
under the original firm name 
of Hodd & Cullen. On May 
ist, 1893, the joint stock 
company as above indicated, 
was formed, with Mr. Hodd 
as managing-director, and 
the business enlarged to 
meet the growing demand 
for the superior brands from 
these mills, notably the 
"Classic," the "Diadem," 
the " Maple Leaf, " and 
the "Anchor." These, and 



other grades of flour and mill feed, are 
shipped to all parts of Ontario, Quebec, 
the Maritime Provinces and Great 
Britain. Mr. Hodd is a skillful prac- 
tical miller, thoroughly reliable and 
honorable in all his dealings, and his 
success is the result of his Stirling 
principle and energy. His seat at the 
City Council Board indicates, the respect 
and esteem in which he is held. He is 
an Episcopalian in religion, and in poli- 
tics, a Conservative. He is also a mem- 
ber of the A.F. & A.M. In 1875, Mr. 
Hodd married Miss Maria A. Frederick, 
of West Flamboro. His family con- 
sists of six children. 




123 




YVnLLIAM TEMPLEMAN, nian- 
r \ ager of the Daily Times, Vic- 
toria, B.C., was born September 28th, 
1845, a t Pakenham, Lanark County, 
Out. His parents were William and 
Helen (Taylor) Templeman, natives of 
Scotland. He received a common school 
education, and then entered the Herald 
office at Carleton Place, Out., where he 
served a four years' apprenticeship to 
the printing business. After spending 
several years in Oswego, N.Y., Chicago, 
111, and Memphis, Tenn., he returned 
to Ontario, and, in partnership with Mr. 
R. J. Northgraves, established the 
Gazette at Almonte, which he conducted 



from 1867 to 1882. He then sold out 
his interest in that paper, and accepted a 
position on the Daily 7}'mes, Victoria, 
B.C., subsequently acquiring a con- 
trolling interest in the paper, and has 
been managing editor ever since. The 
J^imes, for ten years, was the only 
Liberal paper in British Columbia. 
In religion, Mr. Templeman is a Pres- 
byterian ; he is also a member of the 
I.O.O.F., I.O.F. and A.O.U.W. He 
was married, February nth, 1869, to 
Eva, daughter of Joseph Bond, Almonte. 
Mr. Templeman was an unsuccessful 
candidate for the House of Commons, 
in the election of March, 1891. 



124 




JOSEPH ANTOINE LANGIS, 
M.D., Petit Rocher, Gloucester 
County, N.B., was born at 
Rimouski, P.Q., September 23rd, 1861. 
He is the son of Germain Langis and 
Elizabeth Garon, both of Rimouski. 
He received his early education under 
private tutors, and then entered Ri- 
mouski College, where he remained for 
ten years, graduating with the degree 
of B.S. He then began the study of 
medicine at Laval University, from 
which institution he graduated with 
honors, and the degree of B.M. He 
then entered Victoria College, Montreal, 
and in 1888, having graduated with 



honors and the degree of M.D., im- 
mediately commenced the practice of his 
profession at Maria, P.Q. In 1890, he 
removed to Petit Rocher, N.B., where 
he has succeeded in acquiring a large 
practice. His success is certainly very 
remarkable for a man of his years, and 
his future is full of hope. Dr. Langis 
was married in October, 1888, to Lse- 
tetia, daughter of Louis Jules Belanger, 
Esq., barrister, of the city of Quebec. 
His family consists of one child. He 
is a member of the Roman Catholic 
Church, and president of Branch 195 
of the Catholic Mutual Benefit Associa- 
tion, which he organized. 



OR CANADA. 



125 



<S<7\AVID HOWARD HARRI- 
) SON, M.D., C.M., banker and 
ex-Premier of Manitoba, Nee- 
pawa, Man., was born June ist, 1843, 
at London, Ont. His parents were 
Milner and Catherine (Howard) Har- 
rison. The former was a native of 
Yorkshire, England, and the latter was 
of Irish descent, and was the first white 
child born in the township of London, 
and her mother was the first white 
woman buried there. Dr. Harrison's 
father, was one of the earliest settlers 
of the North of London. He was a 
councillor for the united Counties of 
Bruce, Huron and Perth, in the early 
days, and was a J. P. for 
over thirty years. Dr. Har- 
rison, was educated in the St. 
Mary's Public School, Cara- 
doc Academy, Gait Gram- 
mar School, and Toronto 
University. Dr. Harrison, 
entered McGill College, 
Montreal, in 1860, and gra- 
duated from that institution 
four years later. He then 
practiced in St. Mary's, for 
eight years, and was Cor- 
oner for Perth County. In 
1873, he retired from the 
practice of medicine, and 
went into the flax business, 
which he continued until 
1 88 1, when he removed to 
Manitoba, and engaged in 
the ranching business, until 

1887. In January, 1883, he 
was elected M.P.P. for Min- 
nedosa ; August, 1886, was 
sworn in as Minister of Agri- 
culture ; December, 1886, 
was returned, and Decem- 
ber, 1887, on the retirement 
of Premier Norquay, Dr. 
Harrison succeeded him as 
Premier, retired in January, 

1888, and has since then 



refused all public honors. In 1888, he 
established his present private banking 
business, and that, with large farm- 
ing, and other business interests, has 
received his full attention ever since. 
Dr. Harrison is a chapter member, and 
P.M. in the A.F. & A.M., and in re- 
ligion, is a Presbyterian. He was 
married in April, 1866, to Miss Marg- 
aret Notman, of Montreal, Que., by 
whom he has one son and one daughter. 
Mrs. Harrison died in 1872, and the 
Doctor was again married in September, 
1874, to Miss Kate, daughter of the late 
George Stevenson, late mayor of Sarnia, 
Out., by whom he has one son. 




126 



OR CANADA. 



EDWARD DOWS- 
^ WELL, builder and contractor, 
V> Fort William, Ont, was born 
May 3Oth, 1855, in the Township of Scar- 
boro, York County, Ont. His father, 
Thomas Dowswell, was a native of Eng- 
land, while his mother, Jane (Branam) 
Dowswell, was born in Canada. He 
was educated in the common schools of 
Scarboro and Toronto. When he was 
eighteen years, of age, he engaged in 
the lumbering business, which he con- 
tinued for about two years, and became 
foreman for Messrs. Virgo & Bambridge, 
lumbermen, etc., for three years, then be- 
came manager for Messrs. French & 







Co., lumbermen, Dresden, Ont., for three 
years, when he severed his connection 
with them, and engaged in building on 
his own account. In 1891, he removed 
to Fort William, and engaged more 
extensively in the building business, 
and now enjoys a very prosperous and 
rapidly extending connection. Mr. 
Dowswell possesses large and active con- 
structive faculties, and it is no doubt 
owing to this, that he is not only an 
inventor of considerable note, but has 
been able to turn his inventions to 
financial profit. In 1881, he and his 
brother invented and patented " The 
Dowswell Washing Machine," which 
owing to its great superior- 

, ity has attained a large sale 

on its merits. A Hamilton 
firm now owns the patent, 
and they are shipped to all 
parts. In 1892, he invented 
" The Lightning Post Hole 
Digger," and patented the 
same in Canada and Mexico. 
The issue of a U.S. patent 
is now pending. This ar- 
ticle is said to be a marvel 
of simplicity and efficiency, 
and its immense sale would 
seem to confirm the state- 
ment. Already he has re- 
ceived over $10,000, for 
rights to manufacture the 
article in certain districts of 
Canada. In religion, Mr. 
Dowswell is a Methodist, 
taking an active interest in 
the affairs of his church, 
and in politics, he is a 
staunch Reformer. He is 
also a member of the I.O.F. 
and I.O.O.F. He was mar- 
ried on the twenty-second 
of October 1881, to Miss 
Jennie Graham, of Dresden, 
Ont. His family consists 
of five children. 



MKN OF CANADA. 



127 





,EV. ABNER MERCEREAU 
McNINCH, F.C. Baptist Minis- 
^, ter, Petitcodiac, Westmore- 
land County, N.B., was born at Wake- 
field Corner, Carleton County, N.B., 
July yth, 1864. He is the son of Asa 
and Catherine (Kelley) McNinch. He 
received his early education at the 
schools of Wakefield, and then studied 
at Woodstock College, N.B. From there 
he went to Acadia College, Wolfville, 
N.S., and finished his Theological 
course at the Maine Central Institute. 
After leaving the latter institution, he 
travelled considerably in Europe, and 
on his return was ordained to the 



ministry of the F.C. Baptist Church, 
October 9th, 1890, when he was ap- 
pointed to the F. C. Baptist Church, at 
Sussex, N.B., where he remained for 
two years, and then removed to Petit- 
codiac, where he has charge of three 
churches, namely : Cornhill, Havelock 
and Petitcodiac. He is also a member 
of the I.O.F. and chaplain to the same. 
He was married, June 8th, 1891, to 
Janie E., daughter of Edward Bent, 
who was a very extensive farmer in the 
Annapolis Valley, and a member of the 
Municipal Council for ten years. He 
retired, in 1888, on account of ill health, 
and died in May, 1892. 



128 



]MKN OR CANADA. 




THE LATE JOHN LEANDER 
WICKWIRE, Canning, N.S., 
was born at that place, June nth, 
1832. He was the eldest son of Peter 
and Eliza (Rockwell) Wickwire, and 
received his education in his native 
county. At an early age, he engaged 
in speculating, which he carried on ex- 
tensively, for many years, with much 
success. He was one of the most 
thorough and energetic men in the 
county, a man of sound judgment, and 
clear business foresight, and was al- 
ways ready to aid in promoting public 
enterprises. In religion, Mr. Wick- 
wire had been brought up a Baptist, 



and always favored that denomination, 
although he was not a member of any 
church. In politics, he was an active 
Liberal, being a prominent and in- 
fluential member of that party. He 
was married in November, 1866, to 
Annie Alice, daughter of the late well- 
known ship o\vner, James Lawton, of 
St. John, N.B. His family consisted 
of two sons and two daughters. Mr. 
Wickwire died very suddenly on May 
1 9th, 1891, deeply regretted by all 
who knew him. He was widely known 
in his section, for his many good 
qualities of head and heart, and was a 
man of honesty and integrity of purpose. 



MEN OR C AX A DA. 



129 



JOHN STARR, of the 
firm of John Starr, 
Son & Co., (Ltd.), 
contractors for the equip- 
ment of electric light and 
power stations, electric tram- 
ways, and all kinds of elec- 
trical apparatus, Halifax, 
N. S., was born in that city, 
December Qth, 1827. He is 
the son of David Starr, of 
Halifax, who is one of the 
descendents of Dr. Comfort 
Starr, who came to Boston, 
Mass., from England in 
1635. The records of his 
family were published a 
few years ago in the United 
States. Mr. Starr received 
his education at the Aca- 
demy connected with King's 
College, Windsor, N.S., and 
continued it at Mount Alli- 
son University, Sackville, 
N.B. He began business 
in 1848, as a member of the 
firm of David Starr & Sons, 
who built up a large busi- 
ness in hardware and ship- 
ping, but which was entirely 
ruined in 1880, by non- 
payment for construction of 
some sections of the I. C. R. Mr. Starr 
is the originator, and was for several 
years president and manager of the 
Starr Mfg. Co., and was also the origi- 
nator and is at present the managing- 
director of the Canada Explosives Co., 
Ltd., who manufacture " Roburite," a 
new safety explosive for use in collieries. 
About the year 1884, when electricity 
was beginning to be known as a factor 
for light and power, Mr. Starr was one 
of the first to introduce it in Canada, 
and succeeded in organizing Electric 
Light companies in various towns in 
Canada and Newfoundland, and by his 
push and energy, has established his 



t 




present business, which is the largest 
of its kind in the Dominion. He spent 
several years in Europe in the interests 
of the Thomson-Houston Company of 
Boston, and was instrumental in intro- 
ducing their system of electric light, in 
London, Paris and other towns in 
France. In religion, Mr. Starr is an 
influential member of the Methodist 
Church. He was married, June i3th, 
1853, to Mary Ann, daughter of Rev. 
Wni. Croscouibe, well and favorably 
known in Quebec and the Lower Pro- 
vinces. His family consists of two 
sons and four daughters. Both of the 
former are enthusiastic electricians. 



130 



CANADA. 




/CHARLES GURD, proprietor of 
1 the well-known firm of Charles 

^ -^> Gurd & Co., manufacturers, 
Montreal, P.Q., was born at Edge- 
worthstown, Ireland, in 1841. He came 
to Canada with his parents in 1845, anc ^ 
has resided in Montreal since that time. 
He received his education at Rev. C. P. 
Watson's Commercial Academy, and 
continued it at the High School. At 
the age of fourteen years he commenced 
his business career in the chemical 
and drug business, in which line he 
travelled in Western Canada for several 
years. Since 1866, he has devoted his 
attention to the business of which he is, 



at present, the proprietor 
and active manager. The 
knowledge of chemistry 
which he received, and also 
a special course in the same 
line at McGill College, has 
been of invaluable service to 
him in the manufacture of 
mineral waters. These prac- 
tical qualifications, com- 
bined with his natural ener- 
gy and affability, have suc- 
ceeded in placing his firm 
far in the lead among the 
aerated water manufacturers 
of Canada. In order to keep 
up the standard of his ma- 
nufactures, he is in the habit 
of paying periodical visits 
to the large centres of this 
industry, in search of im- 
provements, and has twice 
paid extended visits to Bel- 
fast, where he has spent con- 
siderable time and money 
in investigating the methods 
and processes adopted there 
and throughout the British 
Isles. Mr. Gurd takes an 
active interest in the charit- 
able institutions of Mont- 
real, and is a life governor 
of the Montreal General Hospital and 
the Protestant Hospital for the Insane. 
He is also a member of the Irish Pro- 
testant Benevolent Society, and a liberal 
donator to several Protestant and Catho- 
lic institutions. He is a trustee in 
several benefit societies, and has been a 
member of the Montreal Board of Trade 
for several years. In politics, he is a 
Liberal, but does not take an active 
interest in political matters. Mr. 
Gurd is held in high esteem by a 
large number of friends, both in social 
and business circles, for his upright 
life, and straight forward business 
dealings. 




FREDERICK LESLIE NEW- 
MAN, of the firm of T. A. New- 
man & Bro., grocers, and Mayor 
of Portage La Prairie, Manitoba, was 
born June 25th, 1859, at Merrickville, 
Ont. His parents were Thomas and 
Sarah (Maitland) Newman. The for- 
mer was born in England and the lat- 
ter in Canada. Mr. Newman was edu- 
cated in the Merrickville public school, 
Perth Collegiate Institute, Brantford 
Collegiate Institute and Toronto Uni- 
versity. He then taught school for 
about three and a half years, and re- 
moved to Manitoba in 1882. He was 
subsequently clerk on the C.P.R., and 



afterwards train conductor on the Pa- 
cific division. He was passenger train 
conductor for about four years, and in 
1889 retired from the road, and went 
into partnership with his brother at 
Portage La Prairie, where they continue 
to do a large and constantly increasing 
trade. Mr. Newman was elected mayor 
by acclamation in January, 1892, and 
again in January, 1893. In politics, 
he is a Conservative, and in religion, 
an Episcopalian. He is a prominent 
member of the Masonic Order, being a 
P.GJ.W. and a P.D.D.G.M. On Sept. 
8th, 1888, he married Emma L., daugh- 
ter of S. B. Merrill, of Prescott, Ont. 



132 





,EV. ROBERT LAING, M.A., 
president Halifax Ladies' Col- 
lege, was born December 
26th, 1841, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. 
His father was James Laing, a native 
of Aberdeenshire, who emigrated to 
Canada in 1847, ^ rst settling in Chain- 
bly, Province of Quebec, and afterwards 
removing to Buckingham, P. Q., in 
1 86 1, where he died in 1881. After 
receiving his early education, Mr. 
Laing entered McGill College, gra- 
duating B.A. in 1868, taking first rank 
honors in Mental and Moral Philo- 
sophy, the Prince of Wales' medal, and 
later, the degree of M.A. He studied 



Theology in Morin College, Quebec, 
under Dr. Cook, and also at Edinburgh. 
He was ordained to the ministry of the 
Presbyterian Church in 1873, and was 
assistant to Rev. Dr. Jenkins from 1873 
until 1878, when he was called to St. 
Matthew's Church, Halifax. In 1887, 
he founded the Halifax Ladies' College, 
and in 1890, took the management of 
the same. He is chairman of the 
Widows' and Orphans' Fund of Synod 
of the Maritime Provinces. In politics, 
he is a Liberal-Conservative. He was 
married in 1878, to Christina D., second 
daughter of James Croil, Esq., Montreal. 
He has two sons and one daughter. 





FISHER LUXTON, 
managing director of the 
Manitoba Free Press Company, Win- 
nipeg, Manitoba, was born December 
1 2th, 1844, in Devonshire, England. 
He came to Canada with his parents, 
when a mere lad. After receiving his 
education in the common and Grammar 
schools of St. Thomas, he taught school 
for some years. In 1866, he established 
the Strathroy Age, and subsequently 
purchased the Seaforth Expositor, and 
after that, founded the Daily Home 
Journal, at Goderich. In 1871, he was 
engaged by the Toronto Globe, and sent 
to the North-West, as special corres- 



pondent, to write up what 
was then a comparatively 
unknown land. His letters 
to that paper, arrested con- 
siderable attention in the 
older parts of Canada. In 
1872, he established the 
Manitoba Free Press, in 
Winnipeg, first as a weekly, 
and after one year, as a 
daily. In 1874, he was 
elected to the Manitoba Le- 
gislature for Rock wood, re- 
signing his seat in 1878, to 
become a candidate for Mar- 
quette for the Canadian Par- 
liament, but by mutual ar- 
rangement, both he and his 
opponent, retired in favor of 
Sir John A. Macdonald. He 
was defeated in 1885, in a 
contest for the representa- 
tion of South Winnipeg in 
the Legislature, but the fol- 
lowing year, successfully- 
contested the same consti- 
tuency. He sat out the 
term of the Legislature, but 
has not since offered himself 
for political honors. For 
many years, Mr. Luxton 
was a member of the City 
School Board, of which he was chair- 
man, and was also a member of the 
Provincial Board of Education. He 
was one of the founders of the Winnipeg 
General Hospital, of which he is a 
life governor, and is also a charter 
member of the Winnipeg Board of 
Trade. Mr. Luxton has gradually 
drawn away from all public and quasi 
public positions, having no ambition to 
be personally conspicuous, and also 
because he is so much engrossed with 
his rapidly increasing journalistic work. 
In politics, Mr. Luxton is an Indepen- 
dent with Reform leanings. He is also a 
member of the Masonic fraternity. 



MKN 



CANADA. 



THE LATE JOHN p. 

-I- MOTT, manufacturer, 
Halifax, N.S., was born in 
that city in 1820. His 
parents were Henry Y. 
Mott, M.P.P., and Elizabeth 
(Prescott) Mott, sister of the 
late Hon. Chas. R. Prescott. 
Mr. Mott received his edu- 
cation at the common and 
High schools of his day, and 
in early life, learned the 
business of inunufacturing 
chocolates and spices. He 
subsequently entered into 
partnership with his father, 
under the firm of Mott & 
Son. The latter soon de- 
veloped into a keen and 
successful business man. 
Their trade increased until 
it became one of the largest 
of the kind in the Dominion. 
Mr. Mott did not confine 
himself to manufacturing 
alone ; being interested 
largely in local banking, in- 
surance business, and build- 
ing societies, while his ser- 
vices as a bank director, were 
frequently sought. He had 
unbounded faith in the fu- 
ture of Nova Scotia, and showed his 
faith by losing no opportunity to in- 
vest his capital in the development 
of the country's resources. In short, 
Mr. Mott has given a stimulus 
to the development of Nova Scotia, 
and left an impress on the commercial 
life of his country, which will long re- 
main. The acccum illation of $850,000 
did not absorb his higher nature or 
render him impervious to the comfort 
and well being of those about him, as 
his charitable deeds and kindly heart 
abundantly testified. His will leaves 
about $250,000 to charitable purposes. 
From his ever open hands, help and 




cheer reached many heavy hearts, that 
never knew to whom they were in- 
debted, so unostentatious was his man- 
ner of helping the needy. His kind 
remembrance of his employees in his 
will, speaks volumes for the motives 
which governed his mercantile life, and 
when he died, on Feb. i2th, 1890, the 
poor man felt that he had lost a friend. 
Mr. Mott was a Liberal in politics, until 
Confederation, after that he was a Libe- 
ral-Conservative. In religion, he was an 
adherent of the Anglican Church. He 
was married in 1848, to Isabel Lawson 
Creighton, daughter of the late Jas. A. 
Creighton, of Halifax, N.S. 



135 




JOHN PRINGLE YOUNG, sup- 
erintendent and burser of the 
Provincial Home for Incur- 
ables, Portage La Prairie, Manitoba, 
was born April 8th, 1845, i* 1 Roxbo- 
roughshire, Scotland. His parents, Wil- 
liam and Margaret (Pringle) Young, 
were also Scotch. Mr. Young began 
his education in the public school in 
Scotland, and continued it in the public 
school in Canada, until he was fourteen 
years of age. He then served his ap- 
prenticeship with Mr. James Steel, 
blacksmith, of Walpole, Out. He was 
subsequently thirteen years at Chat- 
ham, Out., and eleven years in Portage 



La Prairie. He received his present 
position in May, 1890. Mr. Young 
was in the Town Council for a num- 
ber of years, and was mayor of Por- 
tage La Prairie in 1885-86-88. In 
religion, he is a Presbyterian, and in 
politics, a Reformer. He is also a 
member of the A.F. & A.M. and I.O. 
O.K. In the latter order, he was the 
second in Manitoba, to receive a vete- 
ran jewel for twenty-five years conse- 
cutive membership in good standing. 
Mr. Young was married, February 
1 7th, 1869, to Miss Helen, daughter 
of Alexander Richardson, Esq., of 
Chatham, Ont. 



1 3 6 





r . THEOPHILUS VAN DE 
MOORTEL, Belledune, Glou- 
cester County, N. B., was 
born at Bruges, Belgium, May iQth, 
1843. Father Van de Moortel began 
his early education at Boulers, West 
Flanders, continued it at Turnhout, 
graduated when sixteen years of age, 
and secured his philosophical training 
at St. Louis University, Missouri, 
U.S.A. He then taught rhetoric in the 
same institution for five years, and dur- 
ing that time was teacher of General 
Tecumseh, Sherman's son, the son of 
General Price, and many other noted 
men. He took his theological course at 



the College of the Sacred Heart, Wood- 
stock, Maryland, under Father Mazella. 
He then spent several years in missions 
in different parts of the United States, 
and was ordained in 1875, by Archbishop 
Bailey, at Baltimore, at the Woodstock 
College ; was then appointed lecturer at 
the Church of St. Francis Xavier, St. 
Louis, Mo., and then at the Church of 
the Holy Family, at Chicago. He then 
removed to Canada for the benefit of his 
health, and was appointed pastor of the 
Parish of Gaspe, P.Q. Eleven years 
after, he took charge of the Church of St. 
John the Evangelist, at Belledune, and 
of St. Vincent de Paul, at Green Point. 



CANADA. 



137 



Tl JTARTIN L. GRIMMETT, Bar- 
jLr I rister-at-law, Winnipeg, Man., 
VS> was born May 22nd, 1863, 
near Oxford, England. His parents, 
John and Elizabeth Ann (Thatcher) 
Grimmett, left England, in 1873, with 
their family, and settled in Alleghany 
City, Penn., U.S., where they remained 
for some time, subsequently removing 
to Ontario, and afterwards to Manitoba, 
settling near Virden, where they still 
reside, and are held in the highest res- 
pect. Mr. Martin L. Grimmett was 
educated in Alleghany City, and after- 
wards at Collingwood, Out., Collegiate 
Institute. He taught school for some 








years, in Ontario and Manitoba, and 
then studied law in the offices of W. A. 
Macdouald, Brandon ; Joseph Martin, 
ex-Attorney General of Manitoba, and 
Munson & Allan, Winnipeg. In Mi- 
chaelmas term, 1890, he was called to 
the Manitoba Bar, and as a member of 
the firm of Munson & Allan, began to 
practice in Winnipeg. In 1892, he was 
admitted as partner in the firm of 
Ewart, Fisher and Wilson, which fact 
coupled with the esteem in which he is 
held, and his own ability, assures his 
success. He also takes an active part 
in religious and other good work ; is 
a director of the Winnipeg Y.M.C.A., 
first vice-president of the 
Young Men's Prohibition 
Club, Winnipeg, and for 
three consecutive terms, was 
president of the Christian 
Endeavor Society of Grace 
Methodist Church, Win- 
nipeg. The ability of Mr. 
Grimmett as a student, and 
his ambition as a professional 
man, are well exemplified in 
his examinations, in which 
he has always taken first- 
class honors, and headed the 
list. In 1893, at the second 
year examination, for the 
degree of LL.B., at Manito- 
ba University, he took a re- 
markably high percentage. 
He expects to receive this 
degree in 1894. He pays a 
high tribute to the invalu- 
able influence and example 
of his mother, a woman 
greatly admired and beloved 
for her Christian graces. 
In politics, Mr. Grimmett is 
a staunch and an active 
Liberal. He is also a strong 
prohibitionist, and has done 
good work in the cause of 
temperance. 



138 



yrNTHONY IVAN MADER, M.D., 
J^ \ C.M., physician and surgeon, 
V> Halifax, N.S., was born March 
4th, 1863, in New Canada, Lunenburg 
County. His parents were Jeremiah 
and Sarah E. Mader. The former was 
a general merchant, Justice of the 
Peace and Postmaster. He transacted a 
notary business, took an active part in 
political matters, and was a member of 
the County Sessions until his death in 
1874. The oid Mader homestead, si- 
tuated in Mader's Cove, Lunenburg, is 
now occupied by Joseph Mader, grand- 
sou of Lehonard Mader, and great uncle 
to our subject. Dr. Mader received his 
early education in the pub- 
lic schools of Lunenburg , 

County, and his commercial 
education in Halifax. He 
graduated at the Halifax 
Business College in 1885, 
after which he entered a 
mercantile office, but soon 
abandoned business to re- 
sume study. He studied 
classics for a time under 
Prof. Wm. P. Dole, LL.D., 
of St. John, N.B. He regis- 
tered as a medical student 
while in New Brunswick, 
and passed the necessary 
examination in Arts at the 
St. John Grammar School, 
and in 1887 entered McGill 
University. Besides the re- 
gular medical course, he 
took Sir William Dawson's 
course in zoology, and also a 
special course in operative 
surgery. Among his dis- 
tinctions at college, he won 
a clinical clerkship, under 
the professor of clinical me- 
dicine, in the wards of the 
Montreal General Hospital. 
After graduating from Mc- 
Gill College, he returned to 



Halifax, and was at once appointed 
senior house surgeon to the Victoria 
General Hospital by competitive ex- 
amination. After completing his full 
term in that office, and receiving a 
diploma of merit, he took up general 
practice in Halifax, and has already a 
good connection. Dr. Mader is assistant 
demonstrator of anatomy, at the Halifax 
Medical College, and physician to the 
Infants' Home. He is also a member of 
the Nova Scotia Branch, British Medical 
Association, of the Nova Scotia Medical 
Society, the Maritime Medical Society, 
and the Halifax County Medical So- 
ciety. In religion, he is a Baptist. 







MKN 



139 




WjrUGH ARMSTRONG, M.P.P., 
'^J^l for Woodlands district, fish 
VS> exporter, etc., Portage La 
Prairie, Manitoba, was bom August 
5th, 1858, in St. Lawrence County, 
N.Y. State, U.S.A. His parents Hugh 
and Emily (Farnsworth) Armstrong, 
came to Canada in 1860, and settled in 
Carleton County, Out. With the ex- 
ception of one winter in which he at- 
tended the village school, Mr. Arm- 
strong was educated by his father, who 
was a teacher by profession. After 
completing his education, and teaching 
school for some two and one half years, 
he conducted a general store, at Dunro- 



bhijOnt, from 1878 to 1883. In May, of 
the latter year, he removed to Manitoba, 
and went into business at Poplar Point, 
and at the same time began the business 
of fish exporting, being the first to ex- 
port rough fish from Manitoba. Sub- 
sequently he sold out his store to his 
brother, and has since devoted his 
whole attention to the fish trade. He 
was elected, by acclamation, M.P.P., 
July 23rd, 1892. In politics, he is a 
Conservative, and in religion, is Non- 
Sectarian. He is a member of the A.O. 
U.W., and a Royal Arch Mason. On Oct. 
1 4th, 1885, he married Mary, daughter of 
Hy. Younghusband, of Essex Co., Out. 





,EV. FATHER AMADEUS A. 
BOUCHER, Upper Charlo, 
Restigouche County, N.B., 
was born at Yainachiche, St. Maurice 
County, P.Q., February 23rd, 1857. 
His parents were Alexis Boucher and 
Delphine Lefebvre de Villemure, both 
natives of Quebec Province. He re- 
ceived his early education at the 
Christian Brothers' School at Yaina- 
chiche, and his classical course at the 
Seminary of Three Rivers, entered the 
novitiate of the Oblates of M.G., in 
1875. He was ordained by Bishop 
Rodgers, of Chatham, N.B., August 
25th, 1879, and was appointed assistant 



priest to Rev. Father Richard, of St. 
Louis, Kent County, N.B. Two years 
after this he was appointed assistant 
priest to Rev. Father T. F. Barry, re- 
maining- with him eight months, and in 
the Fall of 1 88 1, he took charge of the 
Parish of St. Margarets, Northumber- 
land County, N.B., where he continued 
for four years, when he was appointed 
pastor of the Church of St. Francis Xa- 
vier, Upper Charlo, where he still conti- 
nues. This is the oldest church in the 
County of Restigouche, the mission hav- 
ing been founded by the Rev. Father S. 
J. Desjardins in 1800. His field here 
extends from New Mills to Balmoral. 



CANADA 



141 



EDWIN DAVID KING, Q.C., Bar- 
rister and Solicitor, Halifax, N.S., 
^*S> was born in Onslow, County 
of Colchester, N.S., December 26th, 
1841. He is the son of John King, J. P. 
and Sarah Ann King. The former was 
a native of Dumfriesshire, Scotland, and 
came to Nova Scotia when a boy, with 
his parents, and resided there until his 
death. The latter was born in Nova 
Scotia, and is of the U.E. Loyalist Stock, 
her father having come to Nova Scotia 
at the time of the American War of 
Independence. Mr. King received his 
education at Acadia University, Wolf- 
vihe, N.S , where he graduated B.A. in 
1863, and M.A. three years 
later. He subsequently stu- 
died law at Halifax, where 
he was admitted to the Bar 
in 1867, and was created a 
Q.C. in 1884. He is a 
member of the Nova Scotia 
Barristers' Society, of the 
Alninni Society of Acadia 
University, of the Provincial 
Sunday School Association 
of Nova Scotia, and an as- 
sociate member of the Vic- 
toria Institute, of London, 
England. He has twice 
filled the office of president 
of the Alumni Society of 
Acadia University, and was 
for seven years secretary. 
He has also twice been 
president of the S. S. Asso- 
ciation, and is at present, 
and has been since the or- 
ganization, in 1885, chair- 
man of its executive com- 
mittee. In politics, he is 
a Liberal-Conservative, and 
takes an active part in elec- 
tion contests. In religion, 
he is a Baptist, and holds 
the offices of deacon treasu- 
rer and teacher of the senior 



Bible class of the First Baptist Church, 
Halifax. He is also one of the gover- 
nors of Acadia University, and since 
1885, has been chairman of its commit- 
tee on investments. Mr. King is a 
very busy man, not only in his profes- 
sion, as member of the law firm of King 
& Barss, but also in political and edu- 
cational matters, in which he is deeply 
interested and takes a leading part. 
He also finds time to do much work in 
the church to which he belongs. Fe- 
bruary 3rd, 1869, he was married to 
Minnie S. Barss, daughter of John W. 
Barss, J. P. and Lydia K. Barss, of 
Wolfville, N. S. 




142 



TOM ROUTLEDGE, J. P., member 
-^- of the firm of Bouverie & Rout- 
ledge, importers of thorough-bred stock, 
breeders, etc., Boss Hill Farm, Virden, 
Manitoba, was bom March 4th, 1857, 
at Mealsgate, Cumberland, England. 
His parents, who are both deceased, were 
Joseph and Ann (Hewetson) Routledge, 
from Lane Head, Bolton, Cumberland. 
Mr. Routledge was educated at Wigtou 
College, Cumberland, and Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge. He rowed in the 
winning University Crew, against Ox- 
ford, in 1879. He came to Western 
Canada in May, 1879, and settled at 
Riding Mountain, where he remained 




two years. He located the land for the 
great Bell Farm, and afterwards be- 
came general superintendent of the 
same, which position he filled for two 
years. Here he was joined by his 
present partner, Hon. Frank Bouverie, 
youngest son of the Earl of Radnor. 
In the Fall of 1883, they commenced 
operations on the Boss Hill Farm, where 
they make a speciality of all kinds of 
high bred horses, short horned cattle, 
sheep, etc. The Boss Hill Farm annual 
sales are always largely attended. A 
painting of their buildings was one of 
the attractions sent to the World's Fair 
at Chicago, in 1893, by the C. P. R. Co. 
Mr. Routledge is well adapt- 
ed to the line of business in 
which he is engaged. He 
has great admiration for live 
stock, and owing to his long 
experience, thoroughly un- 
derstands the worth and qua- 
lity of the various grades 
of animals passing through 
his hands. He was, for 
some years, president of the 
Local Agricultural Society, 
and also of the Liberal-Con- 
servative Association. He 
is also a commissioner for 
the Province of Manitoba, 
and Notary Public for the 
North-West Territory. He 
is Captain of " A " Troop, 
Manitoba Dragoons, which 
force was organized by him, 
and takes an active part in 
all the local sporting clubs 
and societies. In 1886 he 
contested Dennis Riding 
for the Local Legislature. 
His knowledge of public 
affairs makes him a tho- 
roughly representative man. 
In religion, he is a commu- 
nicant of the Church of 
England. 



CANADA. 



143 




^H, 




OHN WEMYSS, M.A., Glas- 
gow, Barrister, Solicitor, etc., 
Neepawa, Manitoba, was born 
August 1 8th, 1861, at Glasgow, Scot- 
land. His parents were Robert and 
Catherine K. Wemyss, the former being 
a prominent wholesale merchant. Mr. 
Wemyss received his early education in 
Larchfield Academy, Helensburgh, 
and Glasgow Academy, carrying off 
the gold medal at the latter place. In 
1877 he visited Canada and the United 
States, and returned the same year to 
Scotland to enter Glasgow University, 
where he graduated in 1882. About 
six months later he returned to Canada, 



settled in Winnipeg, Manitoba, and was 
in the law office of Bain, Blanchard cc 
Mulock until 1887. He was admitted 
to the Bar in 1886. In April, 1887, he 
established a law office in Neepawa, 
where he enjoys a large and steadily 
increasing clientage. Mr. Wemyss was 
appointed solicitor for Neepawa in 1888 ; 
he has also been solicitor for the muni- 
cipality of Langford, since its formation. 
In politics, he is an Independent, and 
in religion, a staunch Presbyterian. He 
is also a member of the A.F. & A.M. 
and a past grand in the I.O.O.F. Mr. 
Wemyss is a typical Scotchman, and 
one of Manitoba's foremost citizens. 



144 



MEN 



CANADA. 




THOM AS JEAN BOURQUE, M.D. , 
A Richibucto, Kent County, N.B., 
was born at Memramcook, Westmore- 
land County, N.B., May nth, 1864. 
He is the son of Jean Bourque, 
and Marguerite Belli veau, both of 
Memramcook. Dr. Bourque received 
his education at St. Joseph College, 
Memramcook, taking the complete com- 
mercial and classical course, and re- 
maining there for eight years. He then 
studied medicine for one year, with Dr. 
E. T. Gaudet, of Memramcook, and 
subsequently took four terms at the 
Detroit Medical College, Michigan, 
graduating from that institution in 



1889. He then returned to New Bruns- 
wick, and received his license from the 
Council of Physicians and Surgeons, 
and commenced to practice medicine 
in Richibucto, where he still continues 
(1893), and has already succeeded in 
gaining an extensive and important 
practice. In 1891, he was appointed 
chairman of the Board of Health, for 
the County of Kent. The Doctor is 
one of the best known medical men in 
the County of Kent, and is highly 
esteemed for those qualities of head 
and heart, so necessary to a successful 
physician. In religion, he is a member 
of the Roman Catholic Church. 



^<T^\ ONALD HENDER- 
I SON, M.D., F.R.C. 
P. & S., Kingston ; 
M.C.P. & S., Ontario and 
Manitoba, was born Septem- 
ber i4th, 1830, in Invernes- 
shire, Scotland. His parents, 
Donald and Mary (McKen- 
zie) Henderson, came to Ca- 
nada in 1832, and settled in 
the Township of Williams, 
Middlesex County, Ont. 
Dr. Henderson received his 
primary education chiefly 
by individual study. He 
obtained a teachers' certifi- 
cate before he was seven- 
teen years of age, and then 
taught school for some 
years, in order to pass 
through college. One of his 
pupils was Geo. W. Ross, 
now Minister of Education 
for Ontario. He entered 
Queen's College, Kingston, 
from which he graduated 
M.D. in 1858. He was 
afterwards admitted as Fel- 
low of that institution. He 
had previously studied three 
years with Dr. Hanson, and 
had also served one year 
with a doctor in the drug business, in 
New York city. Dr. Henderson began 
practice in Nairn, Ont., but shortly 
afterwards located in Wardsville, Ont., 
where he remained five years. In 1864, 
he was appointed one of the surgeons 
of General Grant's army, and for a time 
had charge of an hospital, at City Point, 
Va., during the late American Civil 
War. After his return to Canada, he 
practiced in Ailsa Craig, until 1877, 
when he removed to Winnipeg, where 
he has since remained in possession of 
a large and important medical practice. 
He is one of the few men of that city, 
who held his own after the boom, as his 




present easy competence shows. He 
belongs to the A.F. & A.M., I.O.O.F. 
and St. Andrew's societies. Dr. Hen- 
derson has always taken a keen interest 
in linguistic studies, ornamental gar- 
dening, travel, military matters, hunt- 
ing and athletic sports. He has travelled 
very extensively, and was appointed 
captain of a volunteer company in 
Wardsville, during the Trent affair. 
He strongly favors arbitration for all in- 
ternational disputes, the most amicable 
relations between the United States and 
England, and would like to see this con- 
tinent one nation, whether a limited 
Monarchy or a Republic, it matters little. 



i 4 6 



OK 





,EV. F. X. CORMIER, Pastor of 
Cocagne, N.B., is the son of 
_ Benoni and Marguerite Cor- 
mier, and was born at Memramcook, 
N.B., February 26th, 1846. He attended 
at the College of Ste. Anne de la Poca- 
tiere, the College of St. Joseph, Mem- 
ramcook, and studied theology at the 
Grand Seminary, Montreal. He was 
ordained priest at St. John, N.B., Au- 
gust a8th, 1870. He was first, for three 
years, curate of St. John, as well as of 
nine adjoining missions, then for three 
and one half years, labored at Frederic- 
ton, and on twenty-two missions be- 
longing to the parish of the capital. 



For two years, he was pastor 
of Moncton, Fox Creek and 
Irishtowu, and then for 
seven years ministered to 
the village of Richibucto 
ana the five missions be- 
longing thereto. He was 
appointed to Cocagne in 
1885. Energetic and hard 
working, Father Cormier 
has completed, during his 
ministerial career, a great 
many works of construction. 
He built a church at Milk- 
ish and one at Stanley, 
finished the exterior and 
nearly the whole of the in- 
terior of the second church 
at Moncton, repaired and 
almost renewed the church 
of the village of Richibucto, 
built the church on the 
land of the Indians at Ri- 
chibucto, a new church at 
Cocagne, which was fin- 
ished in August of the 
year 1892, and commenced 
the church of Notre-Dame 
at Irishtown. By fertility 
of resources and careful 
management, Father Cor- 
mier succeeded in doing all 
this, without inconvenience to his par- 
ishioners. His merits do not end there 
however. When the College of St. 
Joseph became too small to receive all 
the students wishing admittance, and 
required an addition building, the vener- 
able pastor of Cocagne offered himself 
to the director of the institution, with 
a well filled purse, to defray the ex- 
penses of the enterprise. The student 
who drinks from this fountain the bene- 
fits of education, and the entire academy, 
as well, can never forget this act of 
generosity, which places the reverend 
pastor in the front rank of the bene- 
factors of the institution. 



CANADA. 



147 




THOMAS JARDINE, ship builder 

-*- and mill owner, Kingston, Kent 
County, N.B., was born in Dumfries- 
shire, Scotland, February i8th, 1818. 
He received his education at the parish 
of Wamphray, in the Old Land. He 
came to Canada in 1834, and commenced 
ship building with his uncle, and on 
the latter's return to Liverpool, he and 
his brother carried on the business, 
under the firm name of John and 
Thomas Jardine. The former died in 
1892, leaving the business in the hands 
of the latter. Mr. Jardine was the 
designer of all the vessels which they 
built, sixty-seven being for themselves, 



and many more for other parties. He 
also does a very large business in lum- 
ber, and a very large general busi- 
ness, importing in his own vessels. 
Mr. Jardine was married, December 
24th, 1851, to Agnes, daughter of Geo. 
Orr, of Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland. 
His family consists of nine sons and 
three daughters. Two of his sons are 
in business with their father, two work 
on the farm, and one is a doctor in 
Glasgow, Scotland. Mr. Jardine and 
his sons own the highest grades of Ayr- 
shire cattle, English pigs and horses in 
the country. In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian, and in politics, a Conservative. 



OF- 





AMUEL JAMES DONALD- 
SON, Mayor of Prince Al- 
bert, Saskatchewan, was born March 
1 2th, 1856, in the Township of Ram- 
say, Lanark County, Ont. His pa- 
rents were Samuel and Ellen (Fum- 
merton) Donaldson, natives of Scot- 
land. After completing his course in 
the public schools, Mr. Donaldson ap- 
plied himself to the furniture business 
in Ottawa, and after three years went 
to the North- West Territory, as a mem- 
of the Mounted Police, in which capac- 
ity, he served for five years In the 
Fall of 1 88 1, he went into the livery 
business in Prince Albert, which he 



conducted very successfully. In ad- 
dition to his livery business, Mr. Don- 
aldson conducts farming operations in 
the vicinity of Prince Albert, and is also 
interested in the electric light supply 
of that town. He served in the Prince 
Albert Council for three years, was 
elected Mayor by acclamation in Jan- 
uary, 1892, and again in January, 1893. 
In politics, he is a Conservative, and in 
religion, a Presbyterian. He is also a 
member of the A.F. & A.M., I.O.F., 
R.T. of T., and other local organ- 
izations. He was married, October 
30th, 1882, to Miss Jessie, daughter of 
John Patterson, of Kinistino, Sask. 



149 




ISAAC WILSON DOHKRTY, 
M.D., Kingston, Kent County, 
N.B., was born in Kent County, 
August ist, 1831. He is the son of 
William and Agnes (McLelan) Doherty. 
His father came to this country when 
seventeen years of age, from County 
Donegal, Ireland, while his mother was 
a native of Nova Scotia, and an aunt to 
the late Lieutenant-Governor McLelan, 
of that province. Dr. Doherty was 
educated at the common schools and 
Sackville Academy, N.B., and after 
leaving the latter institution, he com- 
menced the study of medicine with his 
uncle, Dr. David McLelan, of St. John, 



N.B., in 1850. He then 
took his first course of lec- 
tures at Bowdain College of 
Medicine, in the State of 
Maine, and finished his med- 
ical education at the New 
York Medical College, gra- 
duating from that institu- 
tion, March 3rd, 1853. He 
began to practice in June of 
the same year, in Shediac, 
N.B., and continued until 
1859, when he removed to 
Kingston, where he still re- 
mains. During his stay in 
Shediac, there was an epi- 
demic of small pox (in 1857), 
which extended from Buc- 
touche to Shemogue, and 
in 1854, the year of the 
Asiatic cholera in St. John, 
he had many cases of Eng- 
glish cholera, the symptoms 
of which were similar to the 
Asiatic cholera, and if they 
had been in the district 
where the latter was raging, 
would have been classed 
and treated as such. Since 
locating in Kingston, the 
Doctor has been appointed 
superintendent of the Maine 
Hospital at Richibucto, and has also 
the largest practice in Kent County for 
many years. He was married in Au- 
gust, 1854, to Isabel, daughter of Isaac 
Cleveland, who was formerly a farmer 
of Anagance, Kings County, N.B., but 
afterwards removed to St. John, and 
retired from active business. Doctor 
Doherty has a family of three sons and 
two daughters. His eldest son is prac- 
ticing medicine very successfully in 
Campbellton, N.B., and the second son, 
has a good dental practice in Moncton. 
In religion, he is a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and has also been a 
member of the Masonic Order since 1858. 



150 



CANADA. 




,EV. ANDREW W. 
ROSS, Pastor of 
the Methodist 
Church, Portage La Prairie, 
Manitoba, was born August 
1 3th, 1850, at Feterangus, 
Scotland. His parents were 
Andrew and Ann Murray 
(Smith) Ross. Mr. Ross 
came to Canada with his 
parents in 1855, and settled 
in the Township of Whitby, 
Ontario County, Ont., and 
the latter are now living 
retired at Port Perry, Ont. 
Before leaving Scotland, at 
the age of five, Mr. Ross 
had reached the second 
reader, and subsequently 
pursued his studies in the 
public school at Ashburn, 
Ont., until he was eleven 
years of age. He then 
worked at manual labor, 
until he was seventeen, dur- 
ing which time he attended 
school one winter ; after 
that he served a three years' 
apprenticeship to the black- 
smith trade in Brooklin, 
Ont., and subsequently con- 
tinued at the trade for two 
years more. When twenty-one, he was 
licensed to preach, and at twenty-two, 
was called into the active work by Rev. 
Wm. Scott, chairman of Whitby Dis- 
trict. For four months, he supplied 
Cannington, during which time he 
worked at the anvil four days in the 
week, studied two days, and preached 
on Sunday. He was then appointed 
to Pickering Circuit, where he remained 
eighteen months, then one year at New- 
castle, and one year at StoufFville. He 
then entered Victoria College for one 
year, and was ordained June iyth, 
1877, at Whitby Conference, by Rev. 
George Young, D.D. His first charge, 




after ordination, was at Port Carling, 
where he remained one year, and in 1878, 
he went to the North- West, as a mis- 
sionary, and spent ten years amongst 
the Indians. He then took up work 
among the whites at Griswold, Man., 
where he remained two years, after- 
wards two years at Port Arthur, Ont., 
and was appointed to Portage La Prairie, 
June, 1892, where he is also chairman of 
the district. He is an able and earnest 
Gospel preacher. Mr. Ross is a mem- 
ber of the A.F. & A.M., I.O.O.F. and 
A.O.U.W. He was married, June 2Oth, 
1877, to Miss Sarah, daughter of James 
McCormick, Esq., of Orono, Ont. 





,EV. ARTHUR BENJAMIN 
HAMES, Ph.B., son of Wil- 

liam and Ann (Gunniu) 

Hames, was born October i2th, 1849, i n 
Bristol, England. The family came to 
Canada in 1856, and settled in King- 
ston, Out., where our subject secured 
his early education. Converted in 1867, 
he entered the ministry in 1871, labored 
at L'Amable, Marmora, Demorestville 
and Milford, and was ordained June 
i3th, 1875, in Picton, Ont. He then pro- 
ceeded to Port Arthur, where he labored 
one year ; Fort Francis, two years ; Mor- 
ris, two years ; Meadow Lea, three years ; 
High Bluff, three years ; Stonewall, one 



year; Emerson, two years; Fort McLeod, 
Alberta, three years ; and Oak Lake, 
his present circuit. He has been finan- 
cial secretary and chairman of dis- 
trict for several years, besides holding 
other important positions in the Metho- 
dist Church. He was married, June 
30th, 1876, to Miss Sarah Jane, daughter 
of John and Eliza Power, of North 
Hastings, Ont. Mr. Hames graduated 
from Wesleyan University, Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, in 1892. He is an elo- 
quent preacher, a faithful pastor, an 
energetic temperance worker, a V.G. 
in the I.O.O.F., and an Independent in 
politics, with Reform leanings. 






,EV. DONALD J. SUMMERS, 
L.D., Prospect, Nova Scotia, 
was born May iQth, 1867, 
at Halifax, N.S. His parents are 
Thomas and Catherine (McLeod) Sum- 
mers, who are at present residing in 
Halifax. Father Summers received 
his education in the public schools, 
after which he pursued his classical 
course at St. Mary's College, Halifax, 
and his theological and philosophical 
courses at Laval University, Quebec. 
He was ordained priest, November 
24th, 1889, by Archbishop O'Brien, at 
St. Mary's Cathedral, and at the present 
(1893) occupies the position next to 



Dr. Murphy, of St. Mary's Cathedral, 
Halifax, and will shortly take charge 
of the parish at Prospect, N.S. Father 
Summers is admirably qualified by 
education, refinement and adaptability, 
for the office of the priesthood, and has 
brought to bear on his life work, that 
energy and consecration, so necessary 
to the fulfilment of a successful minis- 
try. For a man of his years and 
experience, he has already received 
marked notice at the hands of his 
church, and bids fair, when more ma- 
ture in years, to have an eminent 
position in the career upon which he 
has entered. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



'53 



JAMES DUNCAN DENNIS, 
dry goods merchant, Yarmouth, 
N.S., was born February i8th, 
1845, in the village of Carleton, Yar- 
mouth County, N.S. He is the son of 
Leonard and Abigail (Hilton) Dennis, 
of Puritanic Loyalist stock, whose an- 
cestors were among the first settlers of 
the county. Mr. Dennis received only 
a limited education in the country 
school-house of his district, before he 
was seventeen years of age, at which 
time he went to Yarmouth, and after 
spending nine months at the day and 
night school of Mr. John Mclver, and 
a couple of terms at the Yarmouth 




Seminary, he entered as clerk in the 
general store of Messrs. Dennis & 
Doane, where he remained until 1867, 
when he became partner of the dry 
goods establishment of Viets & Dennis, 
which continued until 1891, when it 
was destroyed by fire. Since then he 
has conducted business on his own ac- 
count. Mr. Dennis' business is now 
rightly considered the largest and best 
equipped of its kind in the province. 
The Princess Block, which is now 
owned solely by him, is a three storied 
building, with front of wood, stucco, 
and marble. It is forty-three feet front 
and seventy-five feet from front to rear. 
The building is fitted with 
plate glass, elevators, and 
all other modern improve- 
ments, and is altogether 
tastefully fitted up, and pre- 
sents an imposing appear- 
ance. He imports direct 
from England, Ireland, Scot- 
land, Berlin, Paris, Saxony, 
Brussels, and no expense 
or trouble is spared to meet 
the demands of his numer- 
ous customers, and it goes 
without saying, that he 
knows how to reach the 
public by judicious and well 
timed advertising. Mr. Den- 
nis' manner towards his em- 
ployees, and his kind con- 
sideration of them, is also 
worthy of note. His suc- 
cess is due to the application 
of the sterling principles 
inherited from his parents, 
and the habits of industry 
and carefulness in which he 
has been trained. In reli- 
gion, he belongs to the Con- 
gregational Church, and has 
held the office of deacon for a 
number of years. He has two 
sons and three daughters. 



OF- 



JOHN McKELLAR, Mayor of 
Fort William, Out., was born 
in Middlesex County, Ont., 
in 1835. His father Captain Duncan 
McKellar, and his mother Margaret 
Brodie, were both natives of Scotland. 
The family removed to Ontonagon, 
Michigan, in 1855, then to Fort Wil- 
liam, Ont., in 1863. Since then, Mr. 
McKellar and his brothers, Peter and 
Donald, have been engaged exten- 
sively in exploring the north shore of 
Lake Superior, making, between them, 
many first and important mineral 
discoveries. They discovered in 1865, 
the Enterprise Mine, lead and copper ; 
in 1866, the Thunder Bay 
Silver Mine, resulting in ^^^^m 
starting silver mining on 
Lake Superior ; in 1868, the 
Thunder Cape Soapstone ; 
in 1869, the great baryta 
lode, McKellar Island ; in 
1871, the Huronian Gold 
Mine, first free gold found 
on Lake Superior; in 1877, 
four to ten feet wide, nickel- 
iferous pyrrhotite, Jackfish 
Bay; in 1880, the Zenith 
Mine, great zinc deposits, Ni- 
pigon; in 1884, the celebra- 
ted Atikokan Iron Range, 
for quality and quantity, 
equally as good as the 
great American Iron Mines. 
These are but a few of the 
many discoveries made by 
them, which discoveries re- 
sulted in awakening great 
public interest, and in the 
sale of large quantities of 
government lands in the 
district. Mr. McKellar was 
a member of the first Muni- 
cipal Council (Shuniah) in 
Thunder Bay, in 1873, and 
has been continuously in the 
Council, filling the positions 



of councillor, deputy reeve and reeve in 
the municipalities of Shuniah and Neeb- 
ing, until 1892, when he was elected by 
acclamation, mayor of Fort William, 
and again in 1893, he was re-elected. 
He is considered one of the best posted 
men in the district, and being yet in the 
zenith of his manhood and enterprise, 
gives promise of much future good to 
his country, by his experience in locat- 
ing valuable mineral deposits, and other- 
wise opening up the vast resources of 
the West. In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian, and in politics, a Reformer, and 
president of the Reform Association of 
Algoma. He is unmarried. 




MBN OR CANADA. 



155 





SHORTT, insurance 
a g en t, Halifax, N.S., was born 
October 2ist, 1846, in Dublin, 
Ireland. He is the third son of the late 
William Shortt, tea merchant, of that 
city. Mr. Shortt received his education 
at the Armagh Royal School, and Tri- 
nity College, Dublin. He has been in 
the insurance business for twenty- 
five years in Canada, commencing with 
the Imperial Fire, in Montreal, in 1867. 
He is the general agent for Nova Scotia, 
of the London and Lancashire and 
United Fire Insurance companies, Nor- 
wich and London Accident Insurance 
Association, and agent at Halifax for 



the Standard Life Assurance Company 
of Edinburgh, and has been connected 
with the latter for over 20 years. His 
long experience in insurance matters, 
has made him one of the best informed 
men in that business, and his well-known 
success is the result of his knowledge, 
application and energy. In politics, he 
is an Independent Liberal-Conservative. 
In religion, he is a member of the 
Church of England. Mr. Shortt was 
married, Sept. 2Oth, 1882, to Louise, 
youngest daughter of the late Hon. J. 
W. Johnstone, Judge in Equity of the 
Province of Nova Scotia. His family 
consists of two sons. 



CANADA. 





ATWOOD CROW- 
KLL, merchant, Yarmouth, 
N.S., was born September ist, 1843, 
at Barrington, Shelburne County, N.S. 
After receiving his education he came 
to Yarmouth in 1860, and entered 
upon commercial life as clerk in a 
general store. In 1865, he began busi- 
ness on his own account, as general 
merchant, and so continued until 1869, 
when he began to do business as direct 
importer and dealer in iron, metals and 
general hardware, under the firm name 
of S. A. Crowell & Co. Mr. Crowell is 
now, however, the sole proprietor of the 
business. His present success, is an 



evidence of what industry, ability and 
perseverance can accomplish, when 
coupled with high moral principle. He 
began his commercial career with little, 
if any capital, except a good name and 
record, and an unflinching determina- 
tion to succeed ; these, however, soon 
laid the foundation of a progressive 
life, and their constant application has 
resulted in placing him where he now 
stands. He was married, in 1869. to 
Miss Mary Edna Coming, the only 
daughter of Captain Bowman Coming, 
of Yarmouth. His family consists of 
five children, two daughters and three 
sons. 



MEM OK C AX A DA. 



157 



WjON. J. J. FRASER, Q.C., one of 
( -*j^| the Justices of the N.B. Supreme 
V> Court, was born at Beaubair's 
Island, Miramichi, August ist, 1829. 
His father was John Fraser, a native of 
Inverness, Scotland, and his mother was 
the daughter of Hugh Fraser, son of 
" Fair Anne," of the Lovat family. 
Judge Fraser received his education at 
the Newcastle Grammar School, and in 
1845, began the study of law in the 
offices of Messrs. Street & Davidson, 
Newcastle. He was admitted as Attor- 
ney in 1850, called to the Bar two 
years later, and created Q. C. in 1873. 
He removed to Fredericton in 1851, 
when Hon. Mr. Street be- 
came Attorney-General. In , 

1865, he was elected one of 
the representatives of York, 
in the Assembly, on the 
anti-confederate platform. 
The Government resigned 
the next year, and in the 
ensuing contest, Mr. Fraser 
was defeated. In June, 1871, 
he was appointed a member 
of the Legislative Council, 
and president of the Execu- 
tive Council, but resigned 
these positions, in 1872, to 
accept the office of Provin- 
cial Secretary in the King 
administration, being elect- 
ed by the York County con- 
stituents, by acclamation. 
When Hon. Mr. King re- 
tired from politics in 1878, 
Mr. Fraser became Attor- 
ney-General and Premier of 
the province, holding that 
position until May, 1882, 
when he resigned to become 
a candidate for the Dominion 
House, in which contest he 
was, however, unsuccessful. 
In December of the same 
year, on the death of Mr. 



Justice Duff, he was appointed to the 
Supreme Court Bench. Throughout his 
political career, he held steadfastly to the 
principles of honor, and those who most 
widely differed with his views, respected 
the purity of his motives. In his judi- 
cial capacity, he has sustained his repu- 
tation, and is highly respected for his 
ability, learning and impartiality. Jus- 
tice Fraser has been married twice : 
first, in September, 1867, to Miss Mar- 
tha, daughter of the late Alexander 
Cuniming, of Fredericton ; and second, 
in May, 1884, to Miss Jane M. P., 
daughter of the late Hon. Charles 
Fisher, D.C.L., of Fredericton. 




158 



MEN 




,EV. JOSHUA DYKE, Pastor 
of the Methodist Church, Moo- 
somin, N.W.T., was born 
September I5th, 1849, at Wednesfield, 
Wolverhainpton, Staffordshire, Eng- 
land. His parents, John and Mary 
Dyke, where among the earliest mem- 
bers of the Methodist Church in that 
part of England. Mr. Dyke was con- 
verted and received into the Church 
when ten years of age. He attended 
the public school in early life and from 
sixteen to twenty years of age was pre- 
paring for the ministry. He passed 
his entrance examination in connection 
with the Primitive Methodist Church, 




in London, England, in 1870. After 
laboring two years in England he was 
sent to Canada by the Missionary So- 
ciety, being stationed at Bradford, Out., 
for one year. His next stations in Onta- 
rio were London, Amaranth, Collin's 
Bay and Elginburg, Chatham and 
Bowmanville. He then removed to 
Calgary, Alberta, where he spent two 
years ; then to Wesley Church, Win- 
nipeg, Manitoba, three years ; Fort 
William, Ontario, three years; Virden, 
Manitoba, one year ; and was stationed 
at Moosoniin, Assiniboia, June, 1893, 
being also appointed chairman of the 
District. At the time of the union of 
the Methodist churches in 
Canada, Mr. Dyke was 
appointed a visiting dele- 
gate to the British Confe- 
rence in the Summer of 
1883. His parents returned 
with him to this country 
and settled at Hamilton, 
Ont. He was the first Me- 
thodist Minister appointed 
to Calgary, Alberta, and is 
one of the oldest in the work 
in the North-West. He is 
prominent in Bible Society 
work in Manitoba. He is 
also examiner on the Board 
for the Conference Students, 
on the subject of Homiletics. 
He was ordained in June, 
1874, by the Rev. Samuel 
Antliff, D.D. He belongs 
to the Masonic Order, I.O. 
O.K. and R. T. of T. He 
has been married twice : 
first, May 24th, 1875, to 
Miss Bella Park, of London ; 
second, Dec. 25th, 1883, to 
Miss Sophia Fox, daughter 
of the late John Fox, of 
Chatham, Ont., by whom 
he has two sons and one 
daughter living. 



159 




/CHARLES EDWARD CHURCH, 
( M.P.P. & M.E.C., Commissioner 

^^-^> of Public Works and Mines 
for Nova Scotia, Halifax, N.S., was 
born January 3rd, 1835, at Tancook 
Island, Lunenburg County, N.S. His 
parents were Charles L. A. and Sarah 
(Hiltz) Church, natives of Nova Scotia," 
but of English and German descent, 
respectively. His grandfather was Lot 
Church, who represented Lunenburg 
County in the House of Assembly, be- 
tween 1820 and 1830. Mr. Church was 
educated in the schools of Chester and 
Truro. After teaching school for about 
ten years, he followed mercantile life. 



In politics, he is a Liberal, and has 
been actively engaged in the welfare 
of his party for the past twenty years. 
In 1872, he was elected to the House of 
Commons, to represent Lunenburg 
County, which he continued to do until 
1878. In 1882, he was appointed Pro- 
vincial Secretary, on the formation of 
the Liberal Government, of which 
Hon. W. T. Pipes, was Premier, and 
held that office until 1884, when on the 
reconstruction of the Government he 
was appointed to his present position. 
He was married, June 24th, 1884,* to 
Henrietta A. Pugsley, of Halifax. In 
religion, he is a Protestant. 



i6o 



MKN 





LFRED EDWIN OULTON, 
Judge of Probate, Dorchester, 
N.B., was born March 2nd, 
1845, a t Jolicare, Westmoreland Coun- 
ty, N.B. He is the son of Thomas 
Edwin Oulton, merchant, of the County 
of Westmoreland, and grandson of 
Major Oulton, whose ancestors came to 
this country from Yorkshire, England. 
He graduated from the Sackville Aca- 
demy, studied law in the office of A. L. 
Palmer, now Judge in Equity ; was made 
attorney in June, 1867, and barrister in 
June, 1868. He then entered into part- 
nership with Mr. Palmer, Judge Oulton 
conducting the business in Dorchester, 



and Mr. Palmer in St. John, until 1879, 
when the partnership was dissolved. 
Judge Oulton is secretary of the Muni- 
cipality of Westmoreland, and has been 
since its inauguration in June, 1877. 
He was appointed Judge of Probate in 
1883, succeeding E. B. Chandler who 
was then appointed Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of New Brunswick. He was 
married, June, 1883, to Katherine D., 
daughter of the late G. B. Esterbrook, 
of Sackville, N.B. His family consists 
of five children. He is a member of 
the Masonic Body, Worshipful Master 
of Sussex, No. 4, and member of Royal 
Arch Knight Templars of St. John. 



CANADA. 



161 



it McDIARMID,M.D., 
--\ professor of Obstet- 
V<-> rics aud Gynec- 
ology, Manitoba Medical 
College, Winnipeg, Mani- 
toba, was born July lyth, 
1854, near St. Thomas, Ont. 
He finished his earlier edu- 
cation at the Normal School, 
Toronto, from which he 
graduated in 1871, and then 
taught school for some 
years, the first two of which 
were at York, Haldiniand 
County. In 1876, he en- 
tered Trinity Medical Col- 
lege, Toronto, where he took 
the first and second year 
scholarships, and where, in 
1879, he carried off the gold 
medal, and a fellowship of 
that college. He also gra- 
duated the same year, with 
honors, from Toronto Uni- 
versity. He then practiced 
in Florence, Ont., until 
1882, when he removed to 
Winnipeg. Dr. McDiarniid 
is one of the founders of 
Manitoba Medical College, 
and for several years held 
the professorship of general 
chemistry, with marked acceptability, as 
he does now his more important position, 
as above indicated. In 1892, he took the 
course of the Post Graduate Medical 
School and Hospital, of Chicago, there- 
by further qualifying himself for his 
work. He is president of the Manitoba 
branch of the British Medical Associ- 
ation, and Gynecologist to St. Boniface 
Hospital. The Doctor has, quite early 
in life, taken a leading place in the 
ranks of his profession, and his past 
success surely indicates a bright future. 
He is a member of the A.F. & A.M., is 
a P.M. of Ancient Landmark Lodge, 
No. 3, G.R.M., and a member of 




Prince Rupert's Chapter No. 52, Royal 
Arch Masons, G.R.U. He also belongs 
to the I.O.O.F., A.O.U.W., S.O.S., 
C.O.F., A.O.F., and has been for four 
consecutive years Grand Councillor of 
the R.T. of T. of Manitoba. In re- 
ligion, he is a Presbyterian, an elder in 
St. Andrew's Church, Winnipeg, and 
in politics, a Liberal. In 1880, Dr. 
McDiarniid was married to Emma L. 
R. Brett, daughter of James Brett, Esq., 
and sister of Dr. R. G. Brett, of Banff, 
N.W.T., and of Mrs. W. W. Buchanan, 
wife of the well-known editor of the 
Royal Templar, Hamilton. He has two 
children, one son and one daughter. 



l62 





>EV. JOHN MACLEAN, M.A., 
Ph. D., Methodist Minister, 
Port Arthur, Ont, was born 
in Kilmarnoclc, Scotland, October 3oth, 
1851. His parents were John and Alice 
(Stevenson) Maclean. Dr. Maclean 
received his education at the Burgh 
Academy, Dumbarton, Scotland, and 
Victoria College, Cobourg, Canada, 
graduating in Arts in 1882, and M.A. 
in 1887. He then pursued a post gra- 
duate course at the Wesleyan Univer- 
sity, Bloomington, 111., obtaining his 
Ph.D. in 1888. He was ordained at 
Hamilton, Ont., in June, 1880, and then 
labored among the Blood Indians from 



1880-89, at Moosejaw, Assi- 
niboia, from 1889 to 1892, 
and in the latter year was 
stationed at Port Arthur, 
Ont. Dr. Maclean was 
journal secretary of the 
Manitoba Conference, 1888- 
92, and secretary in the 
latter year. From 1884 to 
1888, he was correspondent 
for the British Association 
on the North-West Tribes 
of Canada. He was ap- 
pointed inspector of public 
schools for Southern Al- 
berta in 1886, and was 
a member of the North- 
West Board of Education, 
1888-92, and of the North- 
West Board of Examiners, 
1889-92. He is also a 
member of the Canadian 
Institute, Toronto, of the 
American Society for the 
Advancement of Science, 
corresponding member of 
the Manitoba Historical So- 
ciety, Winnipeg, and histo- 
rian of Manitoba Confe- 
rence. He is also an author 
of considerable note, and 
among his publications may 
be mentioned "The Indians of Canada," 
"James Evans," "The Hero of the 
Saskatchewan," " Methodist Annual, 
1885," "Lone Land Lights," and 
several pamphlets on Ethnological sub- 
jects. He is correspondent for the 
Bureau of Ethnology, Smithsonian 
Institution, and a frequent contributor 
to magazines, under the nom de plume of 
" Robin Rustler." He has also written 
and lectured extensively on the lan- 
guage and customs of the Blackfoot 
Indians. Dr. Maclean was married, in 
1880, to Sarah Annie Barker, who did 
grand work among the Blood Indians. 
His family consists of four children. 



CANADA. 



163 




JOHN JAMES McFADDEN, 
M.D., Practicing Physician and 
Surgeon, and Postmaster, Nee- 
pawa, Man., was born December 2ist, 
1856, at Mornington, Perth County, 
Out. His parents were Moses and 
Elizabeth (Hamilton) McFadden. The 
former was a prominent land surveyor 
and civil engineer in Ontario and 
Manitoba, now living in Neepawa. Dr. 
McFadden is descended from Irish and 
U.E. Loyalist stock. He was educated 
in public schools, and subsequently at 
the Stratford, Ont., High School. He 
entered Toronto School of Medicine, 
and graduated in 1879. After prac- 



ticing at Brussels and Atwood, Ont., 
for two years, he removed to Neepawa, 
Man., in July, 1882, where he has a 
large practice. He is health officer for 
the town, and coroner for the Province 
of Manitoba. He was for some years 
chairman of the School Board. He was 
appointed postmaster July ist, 1889. 
In religion, he is an Episcopalian, and 
in politics, a Conservative. He is a 
Past Chancellor K. of P., and a P.M. 
Mason. Dr. McFadden was married, 
December i5th, 1886, to Miss Elizabeth 
Caroline, daughter of Amos Williams, 
of Lindsay, Ont., by whom he has two 
sons and one daughter. 



164 



CANADA. 





BRUNET, manager La 
Banque Nationale, Montreal, 
Que., was born August 24th, 
1844. He was educated at the Mont- 
real College, Montreal. After filling 
various positions of trust and respon- 
sibility, he was, in the year 1870, ap- 
pointed manager of the Metropolitan 
Building Society, and so continued 
until 1888. He displayed great ability 
in managing the affairs of this insti- 
tution, and in 1888, was offered the 
important position of manager of La 
Banque Nationale, which he accepted, 
and still continues to discharge the 
important duties of his office, with 



great satisfaction, both to the bank and 
to the public. He is greatly interested 
in military matters, and took first and 
second certificates in the Military 
School, under Lord Russell. He com- 
manded, with the rank of captain, a 
company in active service in Frede- 
ricksburg, after the St. Alban's raid in 
1865. Mr. Brunet is also a member of 
the Montreal Board of Trade. In reli- 
gion, he is a Roman Catholic. He 
was married to Miss Kliza Chagnon, 
daughter of Hon. Judge Chagnon, 
of St. Johns. His family consists of 
three children, two daughters and 
one son. 



165 




V TON. DAVID MARR WAL- 
cr M KER, County Court Judge of 
V> the Eastern Judicial District 
of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., was born 
October 3rd, 1835, i n Norfolk County, 
Out. His parents were Solomon and 
Sarah (Osborne) Walker. On his 
paternal side, he is descended from 
Bishop Walker, who fell at the battle 
of Derry, and on his maternal side, 
from U. E. Loyalist stock. He was 
educated at the public and Grammar 
schools of Simcoe, Ont., and Toronto 
University. He then entered the law 
office of Henry Eccles, Toronto, where 
he remained for three years. He was 



liant 



subsequently two years with 
M. M. Vankoghnet, Toron- 
to, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 1861, after which he 
practiced his profession at 
Simcoe, Ont., until April, 
1870. He was a captain in 
the 39th battalion, Norfolk 
Rifles, and was in active 
service during the Fenian 
raid in 1870, and joined the 
Wolseley forces with the 
rank of lieutenant. When 
the Wolseley expedition 
was disbanded on the Red 
River, in May, 1871, Judge 
Walker was one of the 
fifteen who remained in 
Manitoba, and was admitted 
to the Manitoba Bar in June 
of the same year. He was 
the first lawyer in the 
North-West, the first solici- 
tor for the city of Winnipeg, 
and the first Crown Prose- 
cutor for the Province of 
Manitoba. He was Attor- 
ney General from October 
4th, 1878, until his appoint- 
ment to the Bench, in July, 
1882. He has had an un- 
usually successful and bril- 
career. From early life, he 



evinced those traits of character, which 
have so materially aided in placing 
him in his present honorable position. 
He brought to the discharge of the 
duties of his important trust, not only 
a sound and thorough education, but 
also a well balanced judicial mind. 
Judge Walker is a 32 Degree Scottish 
Rite Mason, but on receiving his 
present appointment, took his demit 
from all lodges. He was married, July 
2ist, 1857, to Anna Bella, daughter of 
John Anderson, of Port Dover, Ont., by 
whom he has one son, G. H. Walker, 
Protonotary Queen's Bench, Winnipeg. 



1 66 




AJOR JOHN DA- 
LEY, Digby, N.S, 
was born in St. 
John County, N.B., in 1842. 
He received his education 
in the public schools, and 
when sixteen years of age, 
went to St. John, and en- 
gaged as clerk with John 
Marvin, general merchant, 
where he remained until 
1865, when he removed to 
Digby, where he established 
and is still managing that 
popular resort the " Royal 
Hotel." When in that city 
he joined the Prince of 
Wales Battery, in 1863, as 
gunner, and left it with 
the rank of sergeant, at the 
end of 28 days camp of in- 
struction at Fredericton, 
N.B., where he passed ex- 
amination before a board of 
officers, and was recom- 
mended for a commission in 
the Canadian Militia, in 
July, 1865. On going to 
Digby, immediately after, 
he was appointed second 
lieutenant of " D " Battery. 
The following year he was 
made first lieutenant, and at the last 
general field day review, by Capt. 
Hardy, R.A,, was detailed in charge of 
Capt. John W. Turnbull's Company, the 
Captain being absent. Soon after this 
a change took place, the militia were 
disbanded, officers retired, and vol- 
unteers called to serve three years. 
On the 24th of October, 1873, under the 
new law, " The Digby Battery of Gar- 
rison Artillery," was gazetted with John 
Daley, as captain, provisionally ; this 
rank was made substantive in 1878, 
and that of major given him in 1883. 
Major Daley is a member of the Ma- 
sonic Order, a Past Senior Warden of the 




Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M., in Nova 
Scotia, and representative of the Grand 
Lodge of the State of Wyoming, at this 
Grand Lodge. He is also Court De- 
puty High Chief Ranger of the I.O.F., 
and Past County Master of the Loyal 
Orange Association, also chairman of 
the Board of County School Commission- 
ers, and Coroner for Digby County. In 
politics, he is a Liberal ; in religion, an 
Episcopalian. He has been married 
twice : first, in 1864, to Eliza Wood 
Seaton, third daughter of David Doug- 
lass, Esq., York County, N.B.; and 
second, to Sarah Jane, widow of the late 
W. T. Bakin, of Digby. 



167 




~Y\/ILLIAM LAW, shipping and 
V \ commission agent, Yarmouth, 
N.S. and M.P.P. for Yarmouth, was 
born in Belfast, Ireland, August 5th, 
1833. In 1847 he came to Canada, 
locating at Yarmouth, and remained 
there for two years, when he removed 
to Oxford, Mass., where he remained 
until 1855, and again returned to Yar- 
mouth, where he has since remained, 
as head of the firm of Wm. Law & Co., 
shipping and commission agents. He 
is known as an able and honorable 
business man, and is one of the most 
influential residents of Yarmouth. In 
1870 he was appointed a Justice of the 



Peace for his county, and has filled the 
office of president of the Oriental Ma- 
rine Insurance Company, and was 
appointed manager for Nova Scotia, of 
the Boston Marine Insurance Company, 
in 1881. In 1886, he was chosen by 
the Liberal party to represent the 
County of Yarmouth in the Local Le- 
gislature. He is an ardent free trader, 
and desires to have commercial union 
with the United States. Mr. Law 
was married to Miss Mary A. Brown, 
daughter of Enoch Brown, Esq., of 
Douglas, Massachusetts, who repre- 
sented that town in the Massachusetts 
Legislature. 



i68 



OF S CANADA. 





ENJAMIN HENRY TOR- 
RENS, dentist, Fredericton, 
York County, N.B., was born 
at Bangor, Maine, U.S.A., January 
loth, 1851. He is the son of John and 
Ellen (McGinly) Torrens, both natives 
of the North of Ireland. He received 
his early education at the schools of 
Bangor, and afterwards continued it at 
Harvard University, graduating from 
that university with first-class honors, 
in 1872, and taking the degree of 
D.M.D., of Harvard Dental College 
also. He then removed to Frederictou, 
and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession, remaining in that city for three 



years, when he removed to Boston, 
where he practiced for five years, but 
on account of ill health, returned again 
to Fredericton, where he has succeeded 
in working up one of the largest dental 
practices in the Province of New 
Brunswick. Considering his brief time 
in the profession, and the delay caused 
by sickness, he has made rapid strides, 
and has a bright future before him. 
In 1875, Dr. Torrens was married to 
Miss Sarah Belle, daughter of Geo. 
Hatt, Esq., merchant, of Fredericton. 
In religion, he is a member of the 
Methodist Church, and also belongs to 
the I.O.O.F. 



169 



~4 TON. SENATOR JOHN NES- 
cr M BITT KIRCHHOFFER, Bar- 
vS> rister, Solicitor, etc., Bran- 
don, Manitoba, was born August 5th, 
1848, at Bally vourney Rectory, County 
Cork, Ireland. His parents were Rev. 
Richard B. and Isabella (Fairtough) 
Kirchhoffer. On his father's side, 
Senator Kirchhoffer is descended from 
a line of celebrated clergymen, and 
many of his mother's ancestors were 
military people. He was educated at 
Marlborough College, England, and 
coming to America in September 1864, 
settled in Port Hope, Ontario, where he 
studied law with his uncle, Nesbitt 
Kirchhoffer, Q. C., until 
1871, when he was called to 
the Bar. He then formed a 
partnership with his uncle, 
which lasted three years, 
and in 1874, he began pri- 
vate practice in Millbrook, 
Ont. He founded the Plum 
Creek Settlement in Man- 
itoba, and in 1882, settled 
there. He was Reeve of 
Glenwood municipality for 
some years, and founded the 
well-known town of Souris. 
He was elected member for 
the Western Judicial Dis- 
trict of Manitoba, was chair- 
man in 1885, and in 1886, 
was elected M.P.P. for West 
Brandon. He removed to 
Brandon in 1886, and was 
appointed manager for the 
Manitoba Branch of the Im- 
perial Loan Company of 
Toronto, which he conducts 
in addition to his general 
practice. He was appointed 
a senator, by the Conser- 
vative Government, in 1882. 
Senator Kirchhoffer has al- 
ways been an enthusiastic 
athlete. He is a member 



of the Canadian Cricket Association, 
and on two occasions has captained the 
Canadian teams against the United 
States, in international games. He was 
married, first, to Miss Ada, daughter of 
the late Dr. Win. Smith, and niece of the 
late Hon. Sydney Smith, of Cobourg, 
Ont., on June i5th, 1871 ; she died in 
1874; and he was again married to 
Miss Clara, eldest daughter of the late 
Rev. J. B. Howard, of Guelph, Ont. 
His family consists of two daughters, 
living. The present Mrs. Kirchhoffer, 
is well and widely known in literary 
circles, and has contributed to many of 
the leading periodicals and magazines. 




170 



CANADA. 



JOHN LOVELL MEIKLE, 
dealer in pianos, organs, etc., 
Port Arthur, Ont., was born 
August nth, 1848, at Lachute, Que. 
His father was Wm. Meikle, and his 
mother Dora Lovell, the former of 
Scotch descent. Mr. Meikle received 
his education at the common schools 
and Collegiate Institute, Lachute. After 
having served several years as clerk in 
general mercantile business, he re- 
moved to Port Arthur, in 1882, and 
established the " Bazar," which has 
grown to large proportions, and is 
known for hundreds of miles East and 
West, to be by far the most attractive 




c 



mart in Port Arthur, and which would 
do credit to a large city. The best 
evidence of Mr. Meikle's business 
ability, is the fact that, since he es- 
tablished his business, he has done a 
trade of over $300,000, without suing a 
customer, or putting them to expense, 
while $300 would probably represent 
the amount of his losses, in giving 
credit. He is in the fullest sense, a 
self-made man, having started with 
little capital, but by close attention to 
business and fair dealing, he has won a 
high degree of success. His practical 
knowledge of trade, enables him to go 
to European markets, and buy direct 
from the manufacturers. 
He has great faith in the 
future of Western Ontario, 
and owns considerable real 
estate in that section, and 
has a vote in every muni- 
cipality of the district of 
Algoma West, and in every 
ward of Port Arthur. In 
1886, he made a tour of 
Great Britain and Germany, 
also visited the Colonial Ex- 
hibition, London, where he 
found the Canadian Mineral 
Exhibit unprovided for, and 
at considerable personal ex- 
pense, assisted in securing a 
choice location for the same. 
In religion, Mr. Meikle is a 
prominent and influential 
Presbyterian, and in politics, 
a Reformer. He is also a 
High School Trustee, a 
Commissioner of Public 
Parks, and local agent of 
the Canada Life Assurance 
Company. He was married, 
Aug. a8th, 1873, to Jeannie 
Milne, youngest daughter of 
Alex. Milne, Esq., Meaford, 
Ont. He has two children, 
one boy and one girl. 



171 





JAMES CHARLES Mc- 
DEVITT, Fredericton, N.B., 
was born in the city of St. 
John, N.B., May nth, 1823. He is the 
son of Geo. McDevitt and Rose McMo- 
nenomy, natives of the North of Ireland. 
Father McDevitt received his primary 
education at the schools of St. John, 
and his classical and theological train- 
ing at Wilmington, Delaware, and 
Philadelphia, U.S.A., graduating with 
honors, but being too young for ordina- 
tion, he entered the Grand Seminary, 
Quebec. In 1847, the Y ear of the ship 
fever, he was asked to go to the Qua- 
rantine Station at Grosse Isle, many 



of the priests having died, and a large 
number being laid up with the fever. 
He consented to go, and was ordained 
priest, and immediately started for the 
Quarantine Station, and after nursing 
there for some time, was stricken down 
with the disease, and had to be removed 
to the Hotel-Dieu Hospital, Quebec, 
where he was ill with the fever for 
thirteen weeks. When convalescent, 
he removed to Fredericton, and stayed 
with the bishop, and has had charge of 
the parish since that time, with the ex- 
ception of a short term at St. Andrew's. 
His missions extend over thirty miles, 
and are prospering under his ministry. 



172 



MEN OR C ANA IDA. 




JOHN HOLDSWORTH, Judge 
of Probate Court of the County 
of Digby, N.S., and Stipen- 
diary Magistrate of the town of Digby, 
was born May ipth, 1830, in that place. 
His parents were Thomas and Lucy 
(Titus) Holds worth, the former being 
a manufacturer in Digby, and an active 
worker in the Methodist Church. Judge 
Holdsworth was educated in the private 
schools and county academy of his 
birth place, and received a good busi- 
ness training. He is a Justice of the 
Peace for his county, and Commissioner 
in the Supreme and County Courts. He 
was elected Warden of the county, under 



the County Incorporation Act, in 1880, 
and held that office for three years. 
He afterwards received the appointment 
of County Treasurer, and resigned that 
office to take the office of Judge of Pro- 
bate Court, in 1886. He has filled the 
various high and important positions 
to which he has been appointed, with 
much credit to himself and dignity to 
the offices. Judge Holdsworth was 
married, in 1857, to Mrs. Charlotte 
Elizabeth Wright. His family consists 
of a son and a daughter, both now mar- 
ried and living in the United States. 
In politics, Judge Holdsworth is a 
Liberal. 



JR. JONES, M.B., Toronto; 
. M.D., Manitoba; M.C.P.S.O., 
L.R.C.P., London; F.O.S., 
England; Winnipeg, Man., was born 
in Toronto, Ont. He received his edu- 
cation at the Toronto Collegiate Insti- 
tute, Toronto University, Toronto 
School of Medicine, and London Hos- 
pital, London, Eng. After graduating 
from the Toronto School of Medicine, 
in the year 1878, he went to Great 
Britain, and for two years attended the 
London Hospital, where he was ap- 
pointed house physician. He was after- 
wards appointed superintendent of the 
Hospital for Women, Soho Square, 




London, where he remained fourteen 
months. In 1881, Dr. Jones returned 
to Canada and located in Winnipeg, 
Man. He is one of the incorporators 
of Manitoba Medical College, and for 
eight years was professor of the prin- 
ciples and practice of medicine, in that 
institution, and filled the position with 
much acceptance and ability. He is a 
member of the acting staff of the Win- 
nipeg General Hospital, and a member 
of the Council of the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, Manitoba, repre- 
senting that body on the Council of 
Manitoba University. He is also a 
member of the Provincial Board of 
Health. Dr. Jones is G.M. 
E. of the Grand Lodge of 
the Ancient Order United 
Workmen, in the Province 
of Manitoba, and in reli- 
gion, belongs to the Episco- 
palian Church. From the 
wide and general estimation 
in which the Doctor is held 
in his profession, it would 
seem that he has not only 
the ambition, but also the 
ability to make the most 
of the unexceptional advan- 
tages, which have fallen to 
his lot. Dr. Jones takes a 
deep interest in the educa- 
tional institutions of his 
adopted province, especially 
the University of Manitoba, 
founded in the year 1877. 
His views regarding its fu- 
ture usefulness and pros- 
perity are so enthusiastic, 
that they may be justly 
deemed as visionary. Dr. 
Jones was married, Jan. 5th, 
1887, to Margaret E., daugh- 
ter of James Dennistown, 
Esq., Q. C., of Peterboro, 
Ont. His family consists 
of one son. 



'74 



1VIKN 



CANADA. 




. LORAN ELLIS BAKER, 
M.L.C., steamboat manager, 
Yarmouth, N.S., was born 
May 1 3th, 1831, at Yarmouth. He is 
the son of Ellis and Delina Baker. His 
paternal ancestors were from Massa- 
chusetts, while his maternal ancestors 
were early settlers in Barrington, Shel- 
burne County, N.S. Mr. Baker re- 
ceived his education in Yarmouth, 
completing it at the Academy in that 
place. He became a clerk in the esta- 
blishment of W. H. Townsend, a lead- 
ing merchant of Yarmouth, and in 1855, 
embarked in general business and ship 
building, in company with John Young, 
the firm's name being 
Young & Baker. This 
partnership was dissolved 
in 1864, and since then 
Mr. Baker has been operat- 
ing alone, as general ship 
owner, banker, etc. He was 
appointed to the Legislative 
Council in 1878, to repre- 
sent the Liberal party. In 
1872, he founded a museum 
and public library, which is 
free to the community. He 
is president of the Bank of 
Yarmouth, the Yarmouth 
Steamship Company, the 
Yarmouth Marine Railway 
Company, Yarmouth Agri- 
cultural Society, Mountain 
Cemetery Company, Yar- 
mouth Woollen Mill Com- 
pany, Grand Hotel Com- 
pany, and is a director in 
the Eastern Assurance Com- 
pany. He is a member of 
the Episcopal Church, and 
a vestryman of Trinity 
Church, Yarmouth. He is 
one of the most enterprising 
men in Nova Scotia, and it 
is hoped that his important 
life may be long spared to 



the town and province. Mr. Baker has 
been married three times : first, in 1857, 
to Mary E., eldest daughter of Joseph 
B. Bond, M.D., of Yarmouth; second, 
in 1870, to Frances L, daughter of H. G. 
Parish, M.D., of Yarmouth ; and third, 
in 1873, to Mary I., daughter of George 
B. Creighton, Esq., of Dartmouth, 
N.S. His family consists of one daugh- 
ter and three sons, living. His daugh- 
ter, Florence Mary, was married in 
1893, to Hon. Walter G. Stopford, 
commander in the Royal Navy, third 
son of the late Earl of Courtown, his 
sons George Prescott, Victor Stanley, 
Seymour Creighton, are at school. 




MKN 



CANADA. 





ISAAC CLARENCE SHARP, M.D., 
C.M., Marysville, York County, 
N.B., was born at Studholm, Kings 
County, N.B., November 25th, 1856. 
He is the son of Isaac N. and Bathsheba 
Sharp, both of Studholm. He received 
his early education at the schools of 
Millstream, the Grammar School, Harn- 
ton, and the Normal School, Fredericton. 
He then taught school for two years, 
after which he entered the Collegiate 
Institute, Fredericton, graduating with 
first-class honors. After teaching again 
for two years, he entered McGill Uni- 
versity, Montreal, to study medicine, 
graduating in 1884, with the degree 



of M.D., C.M. After graduation, he 
was for a time resident surgeon of the 
General Hospital, Montreal, and in 
June, 1885, commenced his practice in 
Marysville, N.B., where he has achieved 
much success. Dr. Sharp is a member 
of the I.O.O.F., I.O.F., and the Mari- 
time and New Brunswick Medical as- 
sociations, and is president of the 
latter. He has been a member of the 
Marysville Town Council since its in- 
auguration. In politics, he is a Con- 
servative, and in religion, an Episco- 
palian. On July 6th, 1887, he married 
Helen J., daughter of Cosmo F. McLeod, 
Esq., of Belleisle, Kings County, N.B. 



I 7 6 





,EV. GEORGE BEST PAYSON, 
retired Methodist Minister, Fred- 
ericton, York County, New 
Brunswick, was born at that place, 
September 8th, 1825. He is the son of 
P. Edward Paysoii, of Annapolis, N.S., 
and Jane McKeau, of Majorville, now 
deceased. He received his primary 
education at Jacksontown, N.B., and 
Houlton, Maine, U.S.A., and finished 
his studies at Mount Allison Univer- 
sity, Sackville, N.B. He was ordained 
to the Methodist ministry, July ist, 
1857, at Sackville, N.B., and his first 
charge was at Richibucto, N.B., and 
from there he went to Hampton, N.B., 



afterwards to St. Margaret's Bay, Hali- 
fax, N.S., Burlington, N.S., Dorchester, 
N.B., St. David's, N.B., Gagetown, 
N.B., Sussex, N.B., Andover, N.B., 
Berwick, N.S., and from there to King- 
ston, King's County, N.B., that being 
his last charge, as he retired from the 
ministry in 1880. Mr. Payson has 
been married twice : first, July 3rd, 1856, 
to Sarah, daughter of James Fall, Esq., 
of Richibucto, N.B., who died in 1843 '> 
and second, to Henrietta, daughter of 
Alex. Larkett, Esq., of St. John, N.B.,. 
November i7th, 1875. His family 
consists of three children living. He 
is a member of the Masonic Order. 



OK 



177 



ISAAC ALLEN JACK, 
A.B., D.C.L., Q.C., 
Barrister and Recorder 
of the city of St. John, 
N.B., was born June 26th, 
1843, i n that place. His 
parents were William Jack, 
Q.C., a leading barrister, 
now deceased, and Emma 
Carleton, his wife. After 
receiving his early edu- 
cation, Mr. Jack became a 
pupil of the late Canon 
Lee, with whom he studied 
for several years. He after- 
wards entered the Collegiate 
Institute, Fredericton, from 
which he matriculated in 
1859, into King's College, 
Fredericton, and afterwards 
entered King's College, 
Windsor, N.S., where he 
obtained the degree of B.A. 
in 1863, subsequently that 
of B.C.L. in 1877, and that 
of D.C.L. in 1884. Upon 
leaving college he began the 
study of law with his father, 
and was admitted attorney 
in October, 1866, and bar- 
rister the following year. 
He was appointed Recorder 
of St. John, April, 1885, and upon the 
union of the cities of St. John and 
Portland in 1869, he was appointed 
Recorder of the united cities. He was 
created a Q.C., March i8th, 1891. He 
is a member of the Council of the Bar- 
risters' Society of New Brunswick, St. 
John Law Society, St. Andrew's So- 
ciety, Council of Loyalists' Society, 
Executive Committee of Diocesan 
Church Society, Fellow of Literary and 
Historical Society of Quebec, Fellow of 
Haliburton Society, Windsor ; member 
of Associated Alumni, King's College, 
Windsor; Faculty Law School, St. 
John, N. B., in connection with the 




University of King's College, Windsor, 
N.S.; New Brunswick Historical So- 
ciety, and ex-officio member of Madras 
School Board of N.B. He was, for many 
years, a member of the Board of 
Mechanics' Institute of St. John, as 
director, corresponding secretary, vice- 
president or president. He is at present 
lecturer in Ancient, Roman and Com- 
parative English Common Law, at 
King's College Law School. As Re- 
corder, he is deputy mayor, and, on the 
death of one of the mayors, filled the 
office of mayor for some months. In 
religion, he is a member of the Church 
of England, and in politics, a Liberal. 



I 7 8 



M:KN 



CANADA. 




JOHN F. MITCHELL, photo- 
grapher, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
was born October i2th, 1862, 
in Northumberland County, Ont. His 
parents, Samuel and Esther L. (Sweet) 
Mitchell, are both living, and reside on 
the old homestead, near Warkworth, 
Ont. He received a public school and 
commercial college education. When 
eighteen years of age, he spent one 
summer in the United States, after 
which he remained at home until 1881, 
when he removed to Manitoba. The 
first year, he was in that province, he 
had a contract on the C.P.R., and after 
that, learned the trade of machinist, at 



which he rose rapidly, until 
he became a skilled work- 
man. Having always had 
a penchant for art, in 1888, 
he bought a half interest in 
a photographic studio, and 
within one year, was sole 
proprietor of the same. 
Since then the volume of 
his business has almost 
doubled each year. His 
work speaks for itself. Pho- 
tography requires neat- 
ness and precision, the 
skilled machinist has these, 
which is doubtless the rea- 
son that so many of the 
most successful artists of 
to-day were formerly ma- 
chinists. Mr. Mitchell has 
one of the largest and most 
expensive cameras in the 
Dominion, and his patron- 
age comes from the best 
people of the city and pro- 
vince. He is now preparing 
to build one of the finest and 
best equipped studios in 
Canada. Mr. Mitchell is a 
member of the A.F. & A.M., 
R.T. of T. and C.O.F., being 
W.M. in the former, and 
P.C.R. in the latter. In religion, he 
is an adherent of the Methodist Church, 
and in politics, a Conservative, taking 
an active interest in his party affairs. 
He has never aspired to public office, 
being too much occupied with his busi- 
ness affairs to admit of this. Mr. 
Mitchell was married, January 29th, 
1890, to Sarah A. H., daughter of John 
R. Mitchell, Esq., of Omemee, Ont. 
His success results largely from the 
keen intelligence brought to bear on 
his work. He lives out the motto : 
" Knowledge is Power," to which fact 
his marked success and well-known 
skill is due. 



OK 



179 




JOSEPH H. MORRISON, M.D., 
Ph.D., and M.C.P.S.M., ocu- 
list, St. John, New Brunswick, 
was born October 26th, 1854, in St. 
John, N.B. He is the son of Rev. 
Daniel Morrison and Margaret Turner, 
the former was a Presbyterian minister 
for many years, and superintendent of 
Education in various parts of the 
country. Dr. Morrison was educated 
at the High and Normal schools of 
New Brunswick ; Bellevue College, 
New York ; Guy Hospital, London, 
England ; Royal Opthalmic Hospital, 
London ; Hotel-Dieu, Paris, France. 
He taught in various high schools in 



his province, prior to be- 
ginning the study of medi- 
cine. He graduated from 
Bellevue College in 1878, 
and shortly after was ap- 
pointed vice-president and 
professor in Natural Science 
in Pennsylvania State Nor- 
mal School. In 1881, he 
went to the Province of 
Manitoba, and for some 
years was identified with 
the social, educational and 
political development of 
Western Manitoba, after 
which he went abroad, pur- 
suing his studies as a 
specialist. While in Eng- 
land, he was assistant to 
the late Sir Morell McKen- 
zie, the eminent throat sur- 
geon, and occupied several 
positions in connection with 
the Eye and Ear Hospitals 
in London. Dr. Morrison 
is well up in his profession, 
and has worked up a large 
and satisfactory practice in 
St. John, where he is popu- 
lar alike with the public 
and the profession. He be- 
longs to the Masonic and 
Orange orders, also the Ancient Order 
United Workmen, and is Past Master 
in the latter. While in Manitoba, he 
was inspector of schools for five years, 
Provincial Coroner and medical health 
officer, and also surgeon to the Indian 
Department. In politics, he is an active 
Conservative, and has addressed meet- 
ings in the interests of his party, in 
different parts of the Dominion. In reli- 
gion, he belongs to the Presbyterian 
Church. Dr. Morrison was married in 
1 88 1, to Ida, daughter of T. W. Kier- 
stead, Esq., of Rothesay. Mrs. Mor- 
rison died in 1887. His family consists 
of one daughter. 



i8o 



1VIEN 



CANADA. 



THOMAS RYAN, whole- 

^ sale boot and shoe 
merchant, and ex-mayor of 
Winnipeg, Manitoba, was 
born in 1849, i n tne Town 
of Perth. His parents were 
Michael and Sarah (Maly- 
naux) Ryan. When fifteen 
years of age, he was appren- 
ticed to Robert Cookary, of 
Perth, where he remained 
for five years. In 1874, he 
removed to Winnipeg, where 
he, with Mr. McFarlane, 
began business in a modest 
way. In 1878, Mr. Ryan 
bought his partner's interest, 
and in a few years, business 
amounted to $120,000, an- 
nually, probably the largest 
retail boot and shoe trade in 
the Dominion. In 1887, he 
embarked in the wholesale 
trade, which has now reached 
nearly a quarter of a million, 
annually, and extends from 
Rat Portage to British Col- 
umbia, his business relation- 
ships being of the most 
pleasant character. Three 
consecutive years, 1885-86- 
87, Mr. Ryan was alder- 
man of his adopted city, and in 1 888 he 
was honored with the highest municipal 
gift in the hands of the people, the mayor- 
ality. His rapidly growing business, 
however, demanded all his attention, 
and he wisely permitted an honorable 
municipal course to close. Since then, 
he has sold his large retail business to 
his brother, built a magnificent four 
story block, with all modern improve- 
ments, in which he carries on his 
wholesale trade with great success. 
In religion, Mr. Ryan is a Methodist, 
a prominent and influential worker, 
being a duly appointed local preacher, 
a class leader and a teacher in the 




Sabbath school. He is also a member 
of the R.T. of T., and an earnest ad- 
vocate of temperance. As alderman, 
and while the chief magistrate of the 
city, Mr. Ryan left his impress for 
good in many respects, notably in the 
Ryan Sunday by-law, which closed up 
places illegally open on the Sabbath. 
In politics, he is a Conservative, and 
though often solicited to stand for 
Parliamentary honors, pressure of busi- 
ness has always forbidden. Mr. Ryan 
was married, in 1881, to Miss Annie 
Anderson, of Winnipeg, Man. His 
family consists of two sons and five 
daughters. 



181 




. JOHN ROBBINS, Trtiro, 
N.S., is the son of the late 
Rev. Charles Robbins, at 
one time clergyman in Oxford, and 
later Norwich, England. He was born 
at High Wycombe, famous as the seat 
of the Disraeli family. Mr. Robbins 
occupies a unique position in the Pres- 
byterian pastorate, in that he is minister 
of the oldest congregation in the Do- 
minion, viz: the first Presbyterian 
Church, Truro, N.S., which was organ- 
ized September i3th, 1770. He is the 
fourth pastor of this venerable congre- 
gation, Rev. Daniel Cock having occu- 
pied the parish from 1772 to 1810, 
Rev. John Waddell, who 

became Mr. Cock's assistant 

and successor in 1798, held 
the post until 1837, when 
Dr. D. MacCulloch became 
minister in 1839, retiring in 
1886, in which year Mr. 
Robbins was called and in- 
ducted. In the Maritime 
provinces, he is prominently 
associated with the Home 
Mission Committee, and 
takes a deep interest in the 
aggressive work of the Pres- 
byterian Church. He also 
claims quite a clerical circle, 
his grand-uncle being one 
of the prominent mission- 
aries, in connection with the 
Heroic Church of the Mor- 
avians. He has travelled 
extensively, and takes an 
active part in the work of 
the Church, both Synod 
and Assemblies. Prior to 
his residence in Nova Scotia, 
Mr. Robbius was pastor of 
St. Andrew's Church, Glen- 
coe, Ont., and is well known 
in that province. The fact 
that so many Maritime Pro- 
vince ministers hold pro- 



minent pastorates, in Ontario, and that 
so many Ontario men occupy similar 
positions in the East, is another proof 
of the unity of the Dominion, and the 
fusion of the best interests of the 
people, accomplished by Confederation, 
and by the union of the churches with 
one Presbyterian Church in Canada. 
Mrs. Robbins is the daughter of the 
late George Brown, Esq., of Milton, 
Ontario, one of the best known men in 
the County of Haltoii. Her grand- 
father was Alexander Brown, who 
came from Dumfriesshire, Scotland, in 
1803, and was amongst the first settlers 
in the County of Wentworth, Ont. 




182 




F. HUTCHINGS, wholesale 
dealer and manufacturer of sad- 
dlery and harness, Winnipeg, 
Manitoba, was born June I3th, 1855, 
near Newboro, Leads County, Out. His 
parents were Elijah and Harriet (Gif- 
ford) Hutchings, of Somersetshire, Eng- 
gland. When fifteen years of age, he 
went to learn the saddlery and harness 
trade, and at eighteen, returned to his 
father's farm. In 1876, he went out to 
Manitoba. When he reached Win- 
nipeg, in 1875, things did not look pro- 
mising, yet he never despaired of the 
ultimate prosperity of the Province. 
He shrewdly invested all his earnings 




and all he could borrow, in half breed 
script, at from thirty to sixty-four dol- 
lars each. In 1877, he sold out at one 
hundred and fifteen dollars each, and 
with the capital, some three thousand 
dollars went into business. In 1879, 
Mr. Hutchings became a partner of 
Robert Stalker, and their business grew 
rapidly. In 1884, he became sole pro- 
prietor and, to-day, does a business of 
nearly a quarter of a million per an- 
num, for besides his Winnipeg stock of 
one hundred thousand dollars, and a 
trade that extends from the great lakes to 
the Pacific, he owns large retail establish- 
ments, in Winnipeg, Neepawa, Prince 
Albert and Portage La 
Prairie, which carry stocks 
averaging ten thousand dol- 
lars each. As a man of 
integrity and liberal public 
spirit, Mr. Hutchings is 
held in universal esteem. 
He is a prominent worker 
in the higher Masonic Arts, 
a trustee of the City Sinking 
Fund, a director of the Per- 
manent Mortgage and Trust 
Company, a large stock- 
holder in the Great West 
Life Assurance Company, 
has been city alderman, and 
has often been pressed to 
stand for Parliamentary hon- 
ors, but pressure of business 
has forbidden. His brick 
blocks, in Winnipeg and 
other towns, and his palatial 
residence, " Gifford Hall," 
are a fitting tribute to his en- 
terprise. In religion, he is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, 
an influential Liberal-Con- 
servative. On Oct. 3rd, 1882, 
he was married to Sarah, 
daughter of Mr. Denby, of 
Newboro, Ont. His family 
consists of four children. 



MEN OR CANADA. 



1 8; 





OYLE TRAVERS, A.B., M.D., 
T.C.D., St. John, N.B., was 
born in September, 1824, in 
Clonakilty, County Cork, Ireland. 
Boyle, though a surname, is the Chris- 
tian name of the elder branch of the 
Travers family, taken from one of the 
family intermarrying with Boyle, Earl 
of Cork. He is the son of Dr. Boyle 
Travers and Dorothea Heagarty. Left 
an orphan at the age of five years, he be- 
came a ward of chancery, under the 
guardianship of Mr. Kearney, principal 
of Lord Shannon Endowed School, Clo- 
nakilty. At the age of fifteen, he en- 
tered Trinity College, Dublin, and 



graduated from that institution, A.B., 
M.B. He afterwards came to America, 
and started to practice his profession, 
in which he has had remarkable success. 
Dr. Travers has been president of the 
Board of Health, and School Trustee, 
and at present is a member of the Senate 
of the University of New Brunswick. In 
politics, he is a Liberal, and in religion, 
a Roman Catholic. He was married in 
1864, to the youngest sister of Bishop 
Sweeny. His family consists of two 
sons and four daughters. His eldest 
sou is an M.D., and graduated from 
McGill College, and his second son is 
practicing dentistry. 



1 84 



CANADA. 






,EV. MARK C. RUMBALL, 
B.A., Pastor of Knox Presby- 
terian Church, Morden, 
Manitoba, was born April i6th, 1857, 
at Clinton, Ont. His father, Ebenezer 
Rumba.ll, was English, and his mother 
Martha Cassils, was Irish. Mr. Rum- 
ball received his education at the Hol- 
mesville public school, the Jones Com- 
mercial College, London, Out., and 
the Clinton High School. He then 
taught school for two years, and attend- 
ed the Cobourg Collegiate Institute, a 
little over one year, after which he en- 
tered Victoria College, Cobourg, from 
which he graduated in 1886. His the- 



ological course was taken in Kuox Col- 
lege, Toronto, where he graduated in 
the Spring of 1889. He visited Man- 
itoba that Summer, and received a call 
to High Bluff and Prospect, where he 
was ordained October 8th, 1889. He 
entered his present charge, January ist, 
1893. His diligent labors have been 
rewarded by a large measure of success, 
and the Morden church is now being 
enlarged. Mr. Rumball is a member of 
the I.O.F., and a Reformer in politics. 
He was married, September i8th, 1889, 
to Miss Emily, daughter of Robert 
McCullagh, of Cobourg, Ont., by whom 
he has two daughters. 



185 




,EV. RALPH BRECKEN, M.A., 
D.D., Methodist Minister, Fred- 

ericton, York County, N.B.. 

was born in Charlottetown, P.E.I., 
September 23rd, 1845. He is the son 
of Ralph Brecken and Phoebe Maria 
Wright, both of Prince Edward Island. 
On his father's side he is descended 
from U.E. Loyalist stock, while his 
mother was of English descent, and 
her father was administrator of the 
Government in Prince Edward Island, 
during the interval of the Govern- 
ment of Britain appointing a Governor. 
He received his early education in 
Charlottetown, P.E.I., principally at 




the Prince of Wales College, and con- 
tinued it in England, where he en- 
tered the matriculation class of the 
London University at Wesley College, 
Sheffield, England, and on his return 
to Canada, studied for three years with 
a practicing physician in Charlottetown. 
He then entered Sackville University, 
taking the complete course, and gradu- 
ating from that institution with first- 
class record, and the degree of B.A. 
He was ordained in 1874, to the min- 
istry of the Methodist Church, and his 
first charge was in the city of St. John. 
From there he went to Halifax, where 
he remained for nine years, with also 
three years at Windsor, 
, N.S. He was then trans- 
ferred to the Sackville, N.B., 
circuit, but his health giving 
way, he spent two years in 
travel and study in Palestine 
and Egypt, and on his re- 
turn to America, resumed 
study in Boston, Mass., and 
then entered on the staff of 
Mount Allison University, 
Sackville, N.B., where he 
remained three years. He 
was then compelled to retire 
on account of ill health, but 
with rest, he hopes to regain 
this and resume active work 
again. Mr. Brecken was 
married, January 6th, 1876, 
to Jessie, youngest daughter 
of Aaron Eaton, Esq., ship 
builder, of St. John, N.B. 
His family consists of three 
children living. He is a 
member of the I.O.O.F., 
but has not been actively 
connected with the society 
for some time on account of 
the state of his health. In 
politics, he is an Indepen- 
dent, although favoring the 
Conservative policy. 



186 



MEN OR 




,EV. JOHN SEMMENS, Metho- 
dist Clergyman, Winnipeg, 
Manitoba, was born Janu- 
ary Qth, 1850, in Penzance, Cornwall, 
England. His parents were John and 
Sarah Semmens. His father was a 
miner who, through accident, was laid 
aside in mid-life, making it necessary 
for the eldest son to go into the mines 
at the early age of eight, in order to 
help in the support of the family. 
Kept from the common school by his 
daily duties, he nevertheless so im- 
proved his spare time, that when eigh- 
teen, he was able to pass the prelimin- 
ary examination at Victoria College, 
Cobourg. He remained at 

college nearly three years, , 

working his own way by 
the sale of books, and by 
private tuition, until his 
call to the ministry in 1870. 
He was ordained in 1872, in 
Hamilton, Ont., by the 
Rev. William Morley Pun- 
shon, L.L.D., Rev. Enoch 
Wood, D.D., and Rev. S. 
D. Rice, D.D. His early 
charges were : Walkerville, 
Chatham, Dundas, Daven- 
port and Bruce Mines. He 
was sent to the Red River 
country, in 1872, where he 
became the assistant of the 
Rev. George Young, D.D. 
Subsequently he was in 
charge of Zion Church, 
Winnipeg ; Emerson, Mani- 
toba ; Norway House, Nel- 
son House, and Berens 
River, Keewatin, serving 
as missionary to the In- 
dians, and after his return 
to civilization, at Carberry, 
Wesley Church, and Me 
Dougall Church, Winnipeg. 
He was the first regular mis- 
sionary at Nelson House, 



founded Fisher River Mission, in 1876, 
and in 1886-89 na ^ charge of a field, 
800 by 350 miles. His self-sacrifice and 
untiring energy, cannot fail to leave a 
marked impress for good. He is very 
popular with his congregation, and 
with the clergy. He was secretary of 
Conference in 1883 a d in 1891, was 
elected to the presidency in 1892, was a 
member of the General Conference in 
1890, and of the General Board of 
Missions in 1891. He was chairman 
of the Winnipeg District in 1890-93. 
He was married in 1878, to Helen Ka- 
lista Behimer of Dundas. His family 
consists of five sons and two daughters. 




187 




,EV. JOSEPH THO- 
MAS PARSONS, 
F.C., Baptist Mi- 
nister, Marysville, York 
County, New Brunswick, 
was born at Newfield, Maine, 
U.S.A., December 9th, 
1828. He is the son of 
Stephen and Eliza Parsons, 
both of the State of Maine, 
whe removed to New Bruns- 
-wick in 1831, and settled in 
Woodstock. Mr. Parsons 
received his early education 
at the schools of Woodstock, 
N.B., and took his higher 
training at Foxcraft Acade- 
my, Maine, graduating from 
that institution with first- 
class honors. He was or- 
dained to the ministry of 
the Baptist Church, July 
4th, 1861, at Nashwaak, 
N.B., by the Revs. Geo. 
A. Hartley, J. Gunter, W. 
Downey and W. Kinghorn. 
His first charge was at 
Nashwaak, and Marysville 
for one year, after which he 
was pastor of the First F. C. 
Baptist Church, Woodstock, 
N.B., from July, 1862, until 
July, 1865, and from the latter time, 
until July, 1866, he was engaged in 
Home mission work. After this he 
was pastor of the church at North 
Head, Grand Manan, until 1867, when 
he returned to his pastorate at Wood- 
stock, remaining there until 1869, and 
in October of that year accepted a call 
to the First Church, St. John, N.B., 
where he continued for twenty-two 
years. He then removed to Marysville, 
where he is also pastor of the churches 
of Nashwaak and Gibson. Since 
occupying his present charge, he has 
received a large number of new mem- 
bers into his church. During his long 




term in the ministry, he has baptized 
upwards of 900 persons, and has been 
honored with gratifying success where- 
ever he has labored. Mr. Parsons was 
married, September 3rd, 1851, to Sarah 
A., daughter of H. Larlee, Esq., of 
Perth, Victoria County, New Bruns- 
wick. His family consists of two 
daughters. Mr. Parsons has done good 
work in several temperance organiza- 
tions. But few have had the honor to 
spend over thirty years in continuous 
work for the good of humanity, and at 
the eventide of life to be found engaged 
with unabated vigor, in labors abun- 
dant for the welfare of others. 



i88 





,EV. WILLIAM GOOLD HEN- 
DERSON, Pastor of Zion 
Methodist Church, Winni- 
peg, Manitoba, was born in Ayr, Scot- 
land, in 1850. His father was Rev. 
Joseph Henderson, pastor of the Reform- 
ed Presbyterian Church, of that place, 
and his mother was the daughter of the 
late Rev. William Goold, and a sister 
of the Rev. William Henry Goold, DD., 
who has been for fifty years pastor 
of the Martyr's Church, Edinburgh. 
After receiving his early education, he 
studied law for a time, but, upon joining 
the Methodist Church, felt called to the 
work of the ministry, and after pre- 



paring for the same, was 
ordained at the Montreal 
Conference, in Brockville, 
Ontario, in 1885. The ties 
of blood and early associa- 
tion would lead him to the 
Presbyterian fold, but to be 
a Methodist, however, is 
with him a matter of pure 
conviction. While enthu- 
siastically loyal to the 
Church of his choice, he has 
a warm love for the historic 
faith of his fathers. His 
rise in the Church has 
been rapid, having been sta- 
tioned in such important 
charges as Prescott, Pitts- 
burg, Perth, and now Win- 
nipeg, Manitoba, to which 
latter charge he received a 
cordial and unanimous call 
in 1892. Although being 
so recently connected with 
the ministry, he was elected 
to the office of secretary of 
the Montreal Conference in 
1891, and upon retiring 
from that conference to en- 
ter upon his present pastor- 
ate, he was honored by the 
passing of a highly com- 
plimentary resolution of thanks for his 
services by that body. In addition to 
the above mentioned appointments, he 
has received invitations to several of 
the most desirable congregations in the 
denomination. Mr. Henderson is an 
eloquent and forcible speaker, of pleas- 
ing address, an active and zealous 
worker in every good cause which he 
undertakes. He is affable and cour- 
teous to all, and a kind and sympathiz- 
ing pastor. He is also an earnest and 
influential worker in the temperance 
cause. Mrs. Henderson is the daughter 
of the late Henry Lee, Esq., of Lyn, Out. 
He has one son and one daughter. 



OF S CANADA. 



189 




,EV. JOSEPH HOGG, Pastor 
of St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
_ Church, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born at Clyde River, Shelburne 
County, N.S., February 8th, 1841. He 
is the son of Alexander Hogg, of that 
place. His early childhood was spent 
at Barrington, N.S., and when seven- 
teen years of age, he obtained a first- 
class license as public school teacher, 
and while prosecuting his studies, 
taught in three Superior Schools of the 
province for five years. He took his 
arts course in the Presbyterian Semi- 
nary, Truro, and his theological course 
in the Presbyterian College, Halifax. 




He was licensed by the Presbytery of 
Halifax, and immediately began to 
travel over a considerable portion of 
Canada and the United States, and 
then went to Edinburgh, where he took 
the senior course in the regular classes 
in the United Presbyterian College and 
afterwards the senior course in the New 
College. After travelling a good deal 
in Europe, Asia and Africa, giving 
special attention to Syria and Palestine, 
he returned to Nova Scotia, in 1867, 
and accepted work as a probationer. 
He was ordained in October, 1868, and 
accepted a call from the Presbyterian 
congregation of Cornwallis, where he 
remained six and one half 
years. His next charge was 
Moncton, where he remain- 
ed until June, 1888. When 
he entered upon this charge, 
the membership was only 
47, and when he left, it 
was upwards of 500. He 
was called to St. Andrew's 
Church, Winnipeg, in May, 
1888, and became pastor of 
that church in July, of that 
year, and has received up- 
wards of 800 into full com- 
munion, since his pastorate 
there. He was, for two 
years, president of the 
Ministerial Association of 
Winnipeg, and is now pre- 
sident of the Manitoba 
Branch of the Dominion 
Alliance, and vice-president 
of the Manitoba League, 
which he was chiefly instru- 
mental in organizing. He 
is also a member of the 
I.O.O.F. He was married 
in Sept., 1871, to Mary 
Cogswell, daughter of the 
late Henry B. Webster, of 
Kentville, N.S. His family 
consists of fourj daughters. 



190 



1VEEN 




CANON EDWYN SAN- 
DYS WETMORE PENT- 

REATH, B.D., Rector of 
Christ Church, Winnipeg, was born 
December 5th, 1846, at Clifton, Kings 
County, N.B. His parents were the late 
Captain Edwin Pentreath, formerly of 
Cornwall, Eng., and Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of the late Colonel Justus S. 
Wetmore, J. C. P., of Clifton, N. B. 
Canon Pentreath was educated in Eng- 
land, and returned to New Brunswick in 
1866. He entered the General Theologi- 
cal Seminary of New York in 1869, from 
which he graduated in 1872. In the same 
year, he was ordained deacon at South 
Orange, N.J., by the Bishop 
of New Jersey, and entered 
on the charge of Grace 
Church, Rutherford Park, 
N.J. In 1874, he was or- 
dained priest at Fredericton, 
N.B., by the late Metropo- 
litan of Canada, and be- 
came rector of St. George 
Church, Moncton, N.B., 
where, for eight years, his 
labors were greatly blessed. 
In 1882, Canon Pentreath 
accepted his present position 
and the fruits of his labors, 
in Winnipeg, have justified 
in a very marked degree, the 
wisdom of the appointment. 
His work in a parish, large 
in numbers, and not strong 
financially, has been very 
arduous, but his success has 
been most gratifying. All 
denominations speak of him 
in the highest terms, on 
account of his wide and 
liberal views, his eloquence, 
and general worth. In 1886, 
he was appointed Rural 
Dean of Selkirk, and Hono- 
rary Canon of St. John's Ca- 
thedral, Winnipeg, in 1891, 



the first appointment of the kind made 
in the diocese. In 1887, ne became 
B.D. of St. John's College, and ex- 
aminer in Exegetical Theology. He 
was appointed chaplain to the 9ist 
Battalion, in 1885. He has also been 
connected with the cause of temperance, 
and was for some time president of the 
Dominion Alliance. In 1879, in con- 
junction with Rev. J. D. H. Browne, 
then of Halifax, N.S., he founded the 
Church Guardian and was for years its 
associate editor. In 1875, he was mar- 
ried to Clara Woodford,' third daughter 
of the late S. Sayre, barrister of Dor- 
chester, N.B. He has three children. 




MKN OF" 



191 




JOHN LOUIS CARLETON, 
Barrister-at-Law, St. John,N.B., 
was born October ist, 1861, at 
St. John. His parents were William 
and Bridget Carleton. He received his 
education at the Christian Brothers' 
School, St. John, and then entered 
upon the study of law, was admitted, as 
attorney, in October, 1882, called to the 
Bar in Michaelmas Term of the following 
year, and has since that time practiced 
his profession in St. John, where he has 
succeeded in building up an important 
and remunerative clientage. He be- 
longs to the Catholic Mutual Benefit 
Association, is president of Branch 134, 



and a member of the Executive of the 
Grand Council of Canada. He is also 
an official referee in Equity, appointed 
by the Provincial Government. Mr. 
Carleton has made rapid progress in 
his profession, having, very early in 
life, reached a desirable standing among 
his fellows in law, and his past suc- 
cesses would indicate for him a brilliant 
future. In politics, he is an influential 
Liberal, and takes a lively interest in 
political affairs. In religion, he is a 
Roman Catholic. He was married, 
September 22nd, 1886, to Teresa G. 
Sharkey, daughter of Peter and Ann 
Sharkey. 



192 





WESLEY BROWN, 

wholesale meat and provision 
merchant, Port Arthur, Out., was born 
at the " Humber," York County, Out, 
May loth, 1859. His father, Thomas 
Allen Browu, is still living, and his 
mother, Sarah (Miles) Brown, died in 
1862. Mr. Brown was educated in the 
public schools of Meaford and Colling- 
wood, Out., and after serving an appren 
ticeship, he started in business with his 
father at Collingwood, in 1876. He re- 
moved to Port Arthur in 1880, where he 
has been very successful in building up 
a large and profitable business in fresh 
and cured meats and provisions, both 



wholesale and retail. His wholesale 
trade extends for one hundred and fifty 
miles East and West, along the line of the 
C.P.R., into the mining regions, and in 
other directions as well. Mr. Brown is 
a member of the Town Council (1893), 
and chairman of the Board of Works. 
He has been honored by a seat at the 
Council Board, for nearly eight years. 
He is also a member of Shunah Maso- 
nic Lodge No. 287. He is a Liberal- 
Conservative, and in religion, a Pres- 
byterian. He is also president of the 
Port Arthur Steam Packet Company, 
and owns a controlling interest in the 
passenger steamer " Cambria." 



193 




yrLBERT MITCHELL PERRIN, 
_X\ M.D., Yarmouth, N.S., was 
V born at New Glasgow, Pictou 
County, N.S., in 1849. O 11 h* 5 pa- 
ternal side, he is of Huguenot ex- 
traction. His great-grandfather was 
one of the founders of the county in 
which he was born. His mother, now 
deceased, was Anna Darby Burns, a 
native of the North of Ireland. He is 
also a nephew of Dr. S. W. Burns, 
Shelburne, and of Rev'ds. William and 
James Burns, of Chicago, 111. Dr. 
Perrin received his early education in 
the schools of Pictou, after which he 
entered the New York Medical Uni- 



versity, in 1867, from which 
institution he received his 
diploma in 1873. He then 
settled in the town of Shel- 
burne, N.S., succeeding the 
late Dr. Snyder, where he re- 
mained for three years. He 
then returned to New York, 
taking up special studies 
as post graduate. In the 
Spring of 1878, he settled 
in Yarmouth, N.S., as gen- 
eral practitioner, although 
making a speciality of the 
diseases of women and chil- 
dren, also of the eye, ear, 
throat and nose, and in 
these specialities, has had 
marked success. The Sum- 
mer succeeding his removal 
to Yarmouth, he was ap- 
pointed to the position of 
port surgeon, and medical 
superintendent of Marine 
Hospital, which position he 
has held since that date. 
Dr. Perrin was married, in 
1876, to Mary, daughter of 
W. H. Gridley, Esq., of 
Yarmouth, N.S., and great 
grand daughter of General 
Richard Gridley, of distin- 
guished Revolutionary mention. His 
family consists of one son. In politics, 
he is a staunch Conservative, having 
the courage of his convictions, and, in 
a county essentially Liberal, has stood 
boldly for his party. In religion, he 
belongs to the Episcopalian Church. 
He is also a member of Hiram Lodge, 
A.F. & A.M., and of Union Royal 
Arch Chapter, and Yarmouth Precep- 
tory of Knight Templars, and I.O.O.F. 
In 1879, he was appointed Coroner of 
the town, and a member of the Board 
of Health. In 1882, he was elected a 
member of the Medical Board of Nova 
Scotia. 

13 



CANADA. 



TfLEXANDER HUGH 
\ FERGUSON, M.B., 
V?) M.D.C.M., Profes- 
sor of Surgery, and Asso- 
ciate Professor of Clinical 
Surgery, Manitoba Medical 
College, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born February 27th, 
1853, in Ontario County, 
Ont. His parents were 
Alexander and Ann (Mc- 
Fadyen) Ferguson, natives 
of Scotland. Dr. Ferguson 
was educated at Rockwood 
Academy, Manitoba Col- 
lege, and Trinity Medical 
School, Toronto, where he 
graduated, in i88i,as First 
Silver Medalist. In 1882, 
he left a promising practice 
in Buffalo, N. Y., and went 
to Winnipeg. In the same 
year, he was appointed Re- 
gistrar of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, 
Manitoba, and the following 
year, 1883, was made Pro- 
fessor of Physiology in the 
Manitoba Medical College, 
which institution he was 
so largely instrumental in 
founding. In 1886, he ac- 
cepted his present professorship. He 
is registrar and treasurer of the college, 
a member of the Provincial Board of 
Health, and surgeon-in-chief to the St. 
Boniface Hospital. His confreres ap- 
pointed him first president of the Mani- 
toba branch (pioneer) of the British 
Medical Association, formed by Mr. 
Ernest Hart, in 1892. He is also an 
active member of the American Medical 
Association, and other kindred socie- 
ties. One of his addresses, " Hydatids 
of the Liver," was given by invitation 
before the Minnesota Academy of Medi- 
cine, St. Paul, in 1892, and was consi- 
dered an able lecture. In 1889, Dr. 




Ferguson visited the best surgeons of 
England, Scotland, France and Ger- 
many, taking a special course in 
bacteriology, under Dr. Koch. He is 
fully abreast of the rapid strides made 
in modern surgery, and has gained for 
himself more than a provincial reputa- 
tion. In politics, he is a Liberal, and 
in religion, a Presbyterian. He is a 
member of the Scottish Right, A.F. 
& A.M., and other societies. In 1882, 
Dr. Ferguson was married to Miss 
Thomas, daughter of the late Edward 
Thomas, Esq., a wealthy pioneer of 
Nassagaweya, near Guelph, Ont. His 
family consists of two sons. 



MKN 



CANADA. 



195 




ERASTUS DEWITT, 

Physician, Wolfville, N.S., was 
born at Bridgetown, N.S., October i5th, 
1842. He is the son of Jacob and 
Caroline Eliza DeWitt, both deceased, 
of that place. The great-grand-father 
of Dr. DeWitt was one of the loyalists 
who came to Nova Scotia at the time of 
the revolution in the United States, 
and settled in the County of Annapolis. 
The early life of Dr. DeWitt \vas spent 
in Bridgetown, where he received his 
primary education. He graduated in 
medicine at Harvard University, in 
1872, after which he practiced at Ches- 
ter, N.S.j for fourteen years. In 1879, 
he was appointed Registrar 
of Deeds for the District of 
Chester, which office he 
resigned, when moving to 
Halifax in 1886. In that 
year he also attended the 
New York Polyclinic, and 
received a diploma at the 
end of the term. He re- 
mained in Halifax for six 
years, and during that 
period took an active part 
in matters of public health ; 
was a member of the Staff 
of Halifax Infirmary, of the 
City Board of Health, and 
during the diptheria epide- 
mic in 1890-91, was assist- 
ant City Medical Officer. 
In 1892, he removed to 
Wolfville, where he still 
resides. Dr. DeWitt is a 
member of the British Me- 
dical Society of Halifax, of 
the Harvard Medical Alum- 
ni Association, the Nova 
Scotia Medical Society, the 
Maritime Medical Associa- 
tion, and holds the office of 
treasurer in the latter. In 
religion, he is a member of 
the Baptist Church, and in. 



politics, a Conservative. He is well 
known as an able and skilful physician, 
and highly esteemed for his many good 
qualities as a neighbor and citizen. 
Dr. DeWitt was married July 7th, 1873, 
to Henrietta, daughter of William and 
Teresa Chipman, of Bridgetown, N.S. 
She died January 29th, 1879. He again 
married, October 2Oth, 1881, Annie 
M. daughter of C. E. Brown, of Halifax, 
N.S. His family consists of seven chil- 
dren. The eldest son of Dr. DeWitt is 
a student in the electrical department 
of Lehigh University, Pa., and his 
daughter Carrie, of Acadia Seminary, 
Wolfville, N.S. 




196 



OF" CANADA, 



J 



OHN HARRISON O'DON- 
NELL, M.D., C.M., Trinity 
<?L>^ Medical College, professor of 
Sanitary Science and Bactereology, Man- 
itoba Medical College, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born in 1838, in Simcoe, Norfolk 
County, Out. His father was John 
O'Donnell, of Delhi, Ont., formerly of 
Wexford, Ireland, and a descendent of 
the O'Donnells, of Donegal. Dr. O'Don- 
nell received his medical education at 
Victoria University and Trinity Medical 
College, Toronto. He was called, by 
the Dominion Government, to the Legis- 
lative Council of Manitoba, on the form- 
ation of that body in 1871. and when it 




was abolished in 1876, was speaker. 
He was a member of the Provincial 
Board of Education (Catholic section), 
but on giving notice that he would move 
that the curriculum of Catholic and 
Protestant schools be uniform, a new 
Board was immediately gazetted, and 
his name left off. In 1871, he was 
appointed Provincial Coroner, and also 
Provincial Justice of the Peace, but his 
name was struck from the Commission 
of Peace, when he signed the warrant 
for the arrest of Louis Riel, Lepine and 
others. Dr. O'Donnell was one of the 
founders of the Winnipeg General 
Hospital, and did most of the surgery 
for the first nine years of its 
existence, and is now the 
senior member of the con- 
sulting staff. He is also 
chairman of the Dominion 
Militia Medical Board for 
Manitoba and the North- 
West Territories. He has 
always been one of the 
University examiners, and 
for years represented St. 
Boniface College on the 
University Council. As 
chairman of the Provincial 
Board of Health, he repre- 
sented the Province at the 
Inter-Provincial Sanitary 
Conference, at Ottawa, in 
1893. In religion, the Doc- 
tor is a Roman Catholic, 
but favors a purely secular 
system of schools. He was 
the first from his place on 
the floor of the Legislative 
Council to advocate the abo- 
lition of the French as an 
official language in the Le- 
gislature and Courts. In 
1 86 1, he married Anna, 
daughter of the late H. Rout- 
ledge, of Toronto, by whom 
he has four daughters. 



197 



J BURPEE BLACK, 
M.D., Windsor, N. 
S., was born at St. 
Martin's, New Brunswick, 
August 1 5th, 1842. His fa- 
ther, Thomas Henry Black, 
was a native of Armagh 
County, Ireland, while his 
mother, Mary E. Fownes, 
was a native of St. Martin's. 
Dr. Black received his early 
education in St. Martin's, 
and continued his course in 
St. John, N.B., and at the 
Mount Allison Wesleyan 
Academy, Sackville, N.B. 
Having completed his stud- 
ies at Sackville, he studied 
medicine at Berkshire Medi- 
cal College, Massachusetts, 
and received the degree of 
M.D. He commenced to 
practice in the village of 
Hantsport, N.S., but after 
residing there for five years, 
removed to Windsor, where 
he has since remained, and 
worked up one of the largest 
practices in the Province. 
In politics, Dr. Black has 
always been a Conservative, 
and in religion, a Metho- 
dist. He has also been frequently 
spoken of as a possible candidate for 
legislative honors. He was elected a 
member of the Town Council for the 
town of Windsor, in 1882, and held the 
position until his time of service ex- 
pired, in 1884, when he was elected 
warden of Windsor by acclamation. 
During his term as councillor, the 
town was supplied with an excellent 
water service, he being chairman of the 
water committee, and the works under 
his management were constructed for 
a less cost than that estimated by the 
engineer. He has also been interested 
in many of the new manufacturing 




enterprises. He stands high in the 
Masonic Order, having held the office 
of Master of Poyntx Lodge, at Hants- 
port, from 1867 to 1870, and in 1873, 
became high priest of Hiram Chapter, 
at Windsor. He was also District De- 
puty Grand Master of the Nova Scotia 
Grand Lodge, in 1883 and 1885. Dr. 
Black was married, May nth, 1864, to 
Bessie, daughter of Hon. E. Churchill, 
who worked his way from the hum- 
blest beginnings to the position of 
M.P., for Nova Scotia, before Confeder- 
ation, and a senator of the Dominion. 
His family consists of nine children 
living, and one deceased. 



198 




V\/ALPOLE ROLAND, Civil and 
r \ Mining Engineer, Port Arthur, 
Out., was born iu Roorkee, Bengal, 
November, 1830. His parents were 
Louis and Marie (Walpole) Roland. 
Mr. Roland was educated in Edinburgh, 
Scotland, and received a military edu- 
cation and training in England and 
India. He went to India in the En- 
gineers, and was present at the siege 
of Lucknow and Cawnpore. ' After 
spending several years in India, he 
went to China, still in Her Majesty's 
service. After a brief stay in the latter 
place, he returned to England, where, 
after remaining about one year, he was 



sent to the West Indies, 
and from thence, leaving 
Her Majesty's service, he 
came to Nova Scotia, Cana- 
da, and entered the service 
of the Intercolonial Rail- 
way Company, during its 
construction. He afterwards 
engaged with the C.P.R. Co., 
as Topographical Engineer, 
and since the completion of 
that Railway, he has fol- 
lowed the profession of civil 
and mining engineer. Mr. 
Roland is thoroughly posted 
in the topography and min- 
ing interests of Algonia 
West. In 1887, he pub- 
lished an illustrated vol- 
ume of about 200 pages, 
entitled : " Algoma West, 
its Scenery and Industrial 
Resources." He is one of 
the ablest and most expert 
engineers on this continent, 
and is fully qualified by 
education and experience, 
to practice his profession in 
a manner that is impossible 
to many men who have had 
fewer opportunities in the 
same calling. His services 
are beyond computation in opening up 
the resources of the mining districts of 
the county in which he resides. In 
politics, he is 'a Liberal-Conservative, 
and takes an active interest in the 
affairs of the party. In religion, he is 
an adherent of the English Church. 
Mr. Roland was married, December 
20th, 1875, to Miss Isabella Watt of 
Port Arthur, Out., daughter of Robert 
Watt, Esq., who was in the employ of 
the Hudson Bay Co., and stationed on 
Hudson's Bay, although Montreal was 
the nominal home of her father's fami- 
ly. His family consists of six chil- 
dren, living. 



199 




TX/ILLIAM MINET DE BLOIS, 
^ r Barrister-at-Law, Annapolis 
Royal, N.S., was born January 29th, 
1857, at Lunenburg, N.S., and is des- 
cended from an ancient and noble 
French Family, the Comte de Blois. 
He is the second son of Rev. Henry 
Despard de Blois, M.A., rector of St. 
Paul's, Rosette, and Rural Dean for 
the Counties of Annapolis and Digby, 
and Eleanor Esmonde (Spurr) de Blois. 
Mr. de Blois was educated, first private- 
ly, and afterwards at University Col- 
lege, London, England. He studied 
law with J. M. Owen, Esq., Annapolis 
Royal, and in London, and was ad- 



mitted to the Bar, December i6th, 1880. 
He has built up a large and increasing 
practice, especially in real estate and 
commercial law, and takes a strong 
interest in all manly sports. In re- 
ligion, he is an Episcopalian, and is 
senior church warden of St. Luke's 
Church, Annapolis. In politics, he is 
a Liberal-Conservative. Mr. de Blois 
was married, Aug. nth, 1886, to Eliza- 
beth J., daughter of the late Rev. Jas. 
Johnston Ritchie, M.A., rector of the 
Parish of Annapolis, and niece of the 
late Sir Win. Johnston Ritchie, Chief 
Justice of Canada. He has one son, 
Theo. Despard, born March i4th, 1889. 



2OO 



OK CANADA. 





HAGEL, Q.C., Winnipeg, 
Man., was born Feb. 2Oth, 1846, 
in Oxford County, Ontario. 
His parents were Samuel and Eliza 
Ann (Tapley) Hagel, whose four grand 
parents were U. E. Loyalists. Mr. 
Hagel was educated at the Ingersoll 
and Woodstock Grammar schools, after 
which he was articled to Warren Tot- 
ten, Q.C., of Woodstock. He concluded 
his legal studies with Mr. (afterwards 
Chief Justice) Harrison and Honorable 
Senator O'Donolme. Mr. Hagel was 
called to the Bar in Michaelmas Term 
of 1873, and entered upon his profession 
in Toronto, where, for several years, he 



was a partner of the late N. Gordon 
Bigelow, M.P.P., and afterwards senior 
partner with Messrs. Murdoch & Schoff. 
In 1881, he removed to Winnipeg, and 
became the head of the firm of Hagel, 
Henderson & Delahaye. Afterwards 
he was senior member of the firm of 
Hagel, Davis & Gilniour, and in 1884, 
he was created Q.C. He is a member of 
the A.F. & A.M., and other societies, 
and in politics, a staunch Conservative. 
In religion, he is an Episcopalian, and 
has been lay delegate to the Synod. In 
1870, he was married to Susan Adele, 
second daughter of David Summers, 
Esq., of Middlesex County, Ont. 



201 




. THOMAS FRANCIS FO- 
THERINGHAM, M.A., Pres- 
byterian Clergyman, St. 
John, N.B., was born April 6th, 1847, 
at Hamilton, Ont. His parents were 
Thomas and Fanny S. (Flaws) Fother- 
ingham, natives of Orkney, Scotland. 
He was educated at the Central School, 
Hamilton, Upper Canada College, Tor- 
onto University, from which he received 
his B.A., in 1871, and M.A., one year 
later; Knox College, with post graduate 
year at U. P. Hall, Edinburgh, and 
Leipzig University, under Prof's. Kah- 
nis and Luthardt. He was licensed by 
the Presbytery of Toronto, and ordained 




\ 




over Norwood and Hastings, July 2ist, 
1875. He was lecturer in Apologetics, 
at Queen's College, in 1 880-81, but re- 
signed these positions and removed to 
California, in the latter year. He was 
inducted into his present charge, St. 
John Presbyterian Church, St. John, 
N.B., January 9th, 1883, and is con- 
venor of the General Assembly's S. S. 
Committee, since 1889. In this, as 
well as in all other important trusts, 
his zeal, ability and enthusiasm are 
productive of great good. He is an ac- 
tive promoter of the Christian En- 
deavor movement, and organized a so- 
ciety in his church, in 1885. He is 
also doing a successful work 
among the youth of his sec- 
tion, and has shown great 
energy in introducing the 
u Boys' Brigade," into Can- 
ada, and organizing the "ist 
St. John Company of the 
B. B.," in Canada, May 
3rd, 1889. He is captain of 
his own company, president 
of the St. John Battalion, 
and brigade president for 
Canada. A military school 
course, in his early college 
days, gives him exceptional 
fitness for this kind of work. 
In politics, Mr. Fothering- 
ham is a Liberal, but does 
not take any active interest 
in the affairs of the party. 
Says The Golden Rule : 
" The multiplicity of his la- 
bors, his tireless energy, pro- 
gressiveness, large minded 
grasp of principles, com- 
bined with an ability to 
trace them down into work- 
ing details, together with 
an enthusiasm that sets 
other hearts burning, call 
forth spontaneous expres- 
sions of admiration. n 



2O2 




EO. TURNER ORTON, M.D., 
M.R.C.S., Eng., ex-M. P., Win- 
nipeg, Man., was born January iQth, 
1837, in Guelph, Out. His father, the 
late Dr. Henry Orton, of Guelph, came 
from England to Canada in 1834. 
Dr. G. T. Orton was educated at the 
Grammar School, Guelph, and also by 
private tuition in Berlin, Ont. He then 
pursued his medical studies at the 
College of Surgeons, Dublin, and after- 
wards at the University of St. Andrew's, 
Scotland, from which he graduated 
M.D., in 1860. He was subsequently 
elected a member of the Royal College 
of Surgeons, England. In 1861, he 
located in Fergus, Ontario, 
where he soon built up a 
large practice. He was cap- 
tain of a volunteer company, 
formed in Fergus, and after- 
wards surgeon of the 3oth 
Battalion, Wellington Rifles. 
He began his public career 
as Councillor, then as Reeve 
of Fergus, for three years 
in succession. He was first 
elected M. P., for Centre 
Wellington, in 1874, and 
repeatedly afterwards, no- 
tably in 1882, when he_ 
defeated Sir Richard Cart- 
wright. In 1883, he remov- 
ed to Winnipeg, and entered 
into partnership with Dr. 
Brett. He was also trans- 
ferred from the 3oth Batta- 
lion to the goth, Winnipeg 
Rifles, with which corps he 
went to the front in 1885, as 
brigade surgeon in the ad- 
vance column, under Gen. 
Middleton, and was present 
at Fish Creek and Batoche. 
In 1884-85, Dr. Orton was 
Medical Superintendent of 
the Rocky Mountain Div- 
ision of the C. P. R., and 



subsequently Coroner for British Col- 
umbia. He is now Medical Superin- 
tendent of Indian Affairs for Manitoba. 
The Doctor has always been loyal to the 
Conservative party, and his country's 
interests, and the records of the labor 
and achievements of the Parliamentary 
Committee which bears his name, have 
become part of the history of our coun- 
try. He is active in the work of the 
International Reciprocity Association, 
representing Winnipeg, at the conven- 
tion held in St. Paul, in 1893. In 1861, 
he was married to Ann, daughter of Wni. 
Farmer, Esq., formerly of Sutton, Eng. 
His family consists of two children. 




203 




GORDON 
MONROE, Barris- 
ter, Digby, N.S., 
was born December nth, 
1848, in Clarence, County 
of Annapolis, N.S. He is 
the son of Innis and Marion 
(Young) Monroe, natives of 
that place. His father was 
the grandson of Colonel 
Henry Monroe, of Crotnar- 
ty, Scotland, who was the 
first representative for the 
township of Granville, in 
the General Assembly of 
Nova Scotia. Mr. Monroe 
received his primary educa- 
tion at the schools in his 
native district, and conti- 
nued it at Acadia College, 
from which he graduated, 
taking the degree of B.A. 
in 1872. He began the 
study of law with the pre- 
sent Hon. Judge Savary, 
then M.P. for the County of 
Digby, and finished with T. 
D. Ruggles, Q.C., Bridge- 
town, N.S., passing his final 
examination in November, 
1876. He was admitted to 
the Bar in August, 1877, 
and entered upon the duties of his pro- 
fession, after making a three months' 
tour of Great Britain. He has, from 
the first, occupied a leading position at 
the Bar, and been engaged in the most 
notable trials before the courts, in his 
vicinity, among which may be men- 
tioned the libel suit growing out of the 
" White Slave Agitation," in which he 
completely succeeded, and the charges 
against his client shown to be without 
foundation. In politics, Mr. Monroe is 
a Liberal-Conservative, has been secre- 
tary for his party almost continuously 
since 1878, and has taken a leading 
part in every political contest in the 




county since that time. He ranks as a 
forcible and eloquent speaker, and 
the presentation of the case and policy 
of his government and party, have 
always fallen to him. He has twice 
contested his county for the Local 
House, the first time facing the Repeal 
Agitation, single handed, in 1886. In 
religion, he is an adherent of the Bap- 
tist Church. He also belongs to the 
Masonic fraternity and the I. O.K., and 
is P.M. in the former, and H.C.R. for 
Nova Scotia, in the latter. Mr. Monroe 
was married, September 23rd, 1880, to 
Minnie B., daughter of James E. Fel- 
lows, Esq., Bridgetown, N.S. 



2O4 



MEN 




-4 TON. JAMES EMILE PIERRE 
cr M PRENDERGAST, B.A., L.L. 
V> B., M.P.P., Barrister, Saint 
Boniface, Manitoba, was born March 
22nd, 1858, in the city of Quebec. He 
is a French Canadian of Irish descent. 
His father, James Prendergast, now de- 
ceased, was a Barrister and Coroner for 
the District of Quebec. His mother, 
Emilie (Gauvreau) Prendergast, is still 
living (1893). Mr. Prendergast was 
educated at the Quebec Seminary, and 
Laval University, where he graduated 
in arts and law. He was admitted to 
the Bar in 1881, and in 1882, settled in 
Manitoba. Was elected M.P.P., in 



1885, 1886, and 1888 for La 
Verandrye ; in 1889, for 
Woodlands; and 1892, for 
St. Boniface. He entered the 
Greenway Administration, 
as Provincial Secretary, in 
1888, but resigned in 1889, 
upon his colleagues adopt- 
ing the Public School policy. 
Since then has unceasingly 
and strenuously opposed, by 
speech in the House, writ- 
ings in the press, and me- 
morials to the federal autho- 
rities, the abolition of se- 
parate schools. He was, for 
five years, treasurer of St. 
Boniface, and twice elected 
by acclamation mayor of 
the same town. Mr. Pren- 
dergast is also an ex-presi- 
dent of the St. Jean-Baptiste 
Society of Manitoba, and a 
member of the Provincial 
Board of Education for six 
years, prior to its abolition, 
in 1890. He is also a mem- 
ber of the University Coun- 
cil. As a journalist, he 
founded L ^ Quest Canadien. 
During his university ca- 
reer made himself known, 
in French Literary circles, by the 
publication of poetry, followed by his- 
torical essays. He was married, in 
1886, to Olivina, daughter of the late 
Francis Mundor. of St. Boniface. His 
family consists of five children. He 
now practices law with John Thompson 
Huggard, Esq., under the firm name 
of Prendergast & Huggard, solicitors 
for the Hochelaga Bank and Credit 
Foncier. In religion, he is a Roman 
Catholic, and in politics, a Liberal. 
For a young man of 34, Mr. Prender- 
gast has his fair share of warmest 
friends and, as with all able men, a few 
bitter enemies. 



OK CANADA. 



205 



W TON. ROBT. WATSON, M.P.P., 
C *XH Minister of Public Works, Win- 
V> nipeg, Manitoba, was born 
April 29th, 1854, in Elora, Ontario. 
His parents, George and Elizabeth 
(McDonald) Watson, were among the 
early pioneers of Wellington County. 
Mr. Watson received a liberal public 
school education, and when seventeen 
years of age, went to Gait, Ont, to learn 
the trade of millwright with Goldie & 
McCullough. In 1876, he removed to 
Manitoba, and built a mill at Portage 
La Prairie, and the following year, he 
built the first mill erected at Stonewall, 
Manitoba. He then rented and operated 
on his o\vn account, for three 
years, the mill he had built 
at Portage La Prairie, after 
which for several years, he 
farmed and was a contractor. 
In the year 1886, he formed 
a partnership with his bro- 
ther John, and is now a 
member of the firm of R. & 
J. Watson, Marquette Ma- 
chine Shops, Portage La 
Prairie. At the general 
elections of 1882, Mr. Wat- 
son was elected M. P. for 
Marquette, and again in 1887 
and 1891; he being the only 
Reformer elected in Man- 
itoba at these elections. In 
1892, he resigned his seat 
in the Dominion Parliament, 
and entered the Greenway 
Administration, as Minister 
of Public Works, and at the 
general election in 1892, was 
elected M.P.P., for Portage 
La Prairie. Mr. Watson is 
a formidable opponent in 
a Parliamentary campaign, 
being a forcible speaker, 
level headed, fearless and 
independent. In his elec- 
tion he has had to contend 



against heavy odds, the Dominion 
Government forces and the railway 
corporations having joined his oppo- 
nents, both striving to defeat him, 
but this makes his success all the 
more striking. Mr. Watson is a mem- 
ber of the A.F. & A.M., being one of 
the charter members of the Assiniboine 
Lodge, No. 7, Portage La Prairie. In 
religion, he is a Presbyterian, and is 
very decided in his faith in the Reform 
party. In 1880, he was married to 
Miss Isabella Brown, daughter of Dun- 
can Brown, Esq., of Lobo, Middlesex 
County, Ontario. His family consists 
of four daughters. 




2O6 



1VIKN 



7T LFRED MARKHAM, Major 8th 
J^ \ P. L. Hussars, managing-di- 
VS> rector of the Sun Printing 
Co., St. John, N.B., was born February 
a6th, 1841, in Lincolnshire, England. 
He is the son of John and Elizabeth 
Markham, the former being a farmer, 
expressman and horse dealer, and did 
a large business in handling ship tim- 
ber, spars, oak-bark, etc. Major Mark- 
ham received his education at the 
Common and Grammar schools, after 
which he was engaged in the Railway 
and Dock Service, until 1864, when he 
embarked for the United States, in 
S S. " Bohemian," which was wrecked 




near Portland, Maine, on 22nd Febru- 
ary, of that year, at which time forty- 
two persons were drowned. He was 
employed on the Grand Trunk Rail- 
way, at Portland and Boston, for nearly 
two years, after which he was engaged 
as clerk of the International Company's 
Steamer " New Brunswick," and in 
April, 1866, took charge for an Ameri- 
can Company of a Manganese property, 
at Hammond Vale, Kings County, 
N.B., where he lived for twenty-five 
years, and established a mining village, 
which was named " Markhaniville," 
and succeeded in making it the most 
famous Manganese Mine on the Conti- 
nent. He was warden of 
Kings County, when the 
Marquis of Lome and the 
Princess Louise visited New 
Brunswick, and presented 
an address to them at Sus- 
sex. In 1880, he was ap- 
pointed senior Major of the 
8th Princess Louise New 
Brunswick Hussars, and is 
an efficient officer, and pop- 
ular with the regiment. In 
1 891, he bought the St. John 
Daily Sun newspaper, and 
on the organization of the 
Sun Printing Co., was ap- 
pointed managing-director. 
Major Markhain belongs to 
St. George's Society, and 
the Knights Templar, and 
has been vice-president in 
the former. In politics, he 
is a Liberal-Conservative, 
taking an active interest in 
the welfare and progress of 
that party. In religion, he 
is an Episcopalian. He 
was married in November, 
1866, to Naida daughter of 
John and Annie Turnbull. 
His family consists of two 
sons and four daughters. 



CANADA. 



207 




J 



OHN CULVERWELL OLAND, 
Mayor of Dartmouth, N.S., senior 
partner of the firm of S. Oland, 
Sons & Co., manufacturers, Halifax, 
N.S., was born at Trowbridge, Wilt- 
shire, England, December i/th, 1849. 
He is the son of John James Dunn 
Oland, now deceased, and Susannah 
Culverwell, both natives of England. 
Mr. Oland received his education at the 
schools of Hungerford, Berkshire, Eug. 
In 1865, he settled in Nova Scotia, 
where he has succeeded in working up 
a large and profitable business. He 
is a member of the Masonic Order, and 
St. George's Society, president of the 



Canada Peptonized Beef and Ale Co., a 
director of other manufacturing con- 
cerns, captain No. 4 Battery Halifax 
Garrison Artillery, and is at present 
mayor of the town of Dartmouth, N.S. 
where he is exceedingly popular with 
all classes. In politics, he is a Liberal- 
Conservative, always ready to advance 
the interests of his party when neces- 
sity requires. In religion, he is an 
Episcopalian, and for several years was 
vestryman and church warden. Mr. 
Oland was married, December i3th, 
1876, to Sarah Anne Ruggles, daughter 
of Dr. Henry D. Ruggles. His family 
consists of two sons and two daughters. 



208 



OR 




4 TENRY GLYNNE FIENNES- 
^jH CLINTON, Clerk in Holy 
vS> Orders, Incumbent of St. 
James' Church, Vancouver, B.C., whose 
portrait appears on this page, was born 
in Nottinghamshire, England, in 1854. 
His parents are Henry and Catharine 
Fiennes-Clinton. His father, the Rev. 
Henry Fiennes-Clinton, is the rector 
of Cromwell, Nottinghamshire, and he 
is also Rural Dean. Mr. Clinton 
received his education at Keble College, 
Oxford University, graduating B.A. 
in 1877. He had a successful edu- 
cational course and graduated with 
distinction. He was ordained to the 



order of deacon in 1878, and that of 
priest in 1880, both ordinations being 
conducted by the Bishop of Salisbury. 
He held the office of vice-principal of 
the Mission House, Warminster, dio- 
cese of Salisbury, from 1878 to 1881, 
and subsequently was appointed assist- 
ant curate of St. Mary Magdalen's, 
Bradford, where he remained from 1881 
to 1885. Coming to Canada in 1885, 
he became the rector of St. James' 
Church, at Granville, (now Vancouver), 
where he has since remained. He is 
an able preacher and a faithful pastor, 
and is highly esteemed. Mr. Clinton 
is well known on the cricket field. 



CANADA. 



209 



THOMAS w. PETERS, 

LL.D., Barrister-at- 
Law, St. John, N.B., was 
born in 1848, in St. John, 
N.B. He is the son of 
Thomas W. Peters and Mary 
McMonagle, of U.E. Loyal- 
ist stock. He received his 
education at the schools of 
St. John, after which he en- 
tered the Cambridge Law 
School, from which insti- 
tution he graduated, and 
engaged in the practice of 
his profession in his native 
city. He is also prominent 
in municipal affairs, and 
was elected councillor for 
Wellington ward, St. John, 
in April, 1882, and so con- 
tinued until 1884, when he 
was elected alderman for 
the same ward, which office 
he held until 1891, when'he 
was elected mayor of the 
city, and has since held 
this position with much 
satisfaction to all. His Wor- 
ship fills the chair of Chief 
Magistrate with much credit 
to himself and the city. In 
1886 he was elected warden 
of the Municipal Council, and in 1887 ne 
was re-elected, and again occupied the 
position in 1890. He has also been 
chairman of the Finance and Treasury 
Board, and member and chairman of 
the Committee of Legislation. Also 
president of the Exhibition Association, 
since 1892, and a member of the Board 
of School Trustees since 1888. His 
experience in public matters gives him 
a ready grasp of all business coming 
before him, and enables him to act 
with ability and despatch. Mayor 
Peters belongs to the Masonic frater- 
nity, the I.O.O.F. and Knights of Py- 
thias. He is senior warden in the Mas- 




onic Order, and representative of the 
Grand Lodge in the I.O.O F-, and is 
also chairman of the Board of Indust- 
rial Home for Boys and holds offices in 
several of the athletic and city clubs. 
In politics, he is an influential Libe- 
ral-Conservative, and has always been 
identified prominently with this party, 
taking an active part in elections. 
Mr. Peters' family have always been 
members of the Church of England. 
Mr. Peters was married in 1880, to 
Jennie Sullivan, who died in 1882, in 
1885, he was married to ^nfonetta, 
daughter of John Rogers. His family 
consists of one daughter. 

14 



2IO 



1VIEN OR 





ALPHONSUS AVILA 
CHERRIER, Parish Priest of 
tne Immaculate Conception, 
of Winnipeg, Man., was born September 
26th, 1849, at Laprairie, P.Q. His 
parents were Leon T. Cherrier and 
Lena F. Yian dit L'Esperance, both 
French Canadians, and still living 
(1893). Father Cherrier took his ele- 
mentary education at Beauharnois, and 
his classical course at the College of 
Ste. Therese de Blainville, County of 
Terrebonne, and graduated, in 1871, as 
Bachelor of Sciences of the Laval Uni- 
versity. He was ordained priest by 
Bishop Fabre, of Montreal, in the Je- 



suits' Church, at Montreal, 
August 3oth, 1874. He 
spent three years as a pro- 
fessor of Literature, and a 
similar period as professor 
of Natural Sciences at the 
above College of Ste. The- 
rese. In 1878, he went to 
St. Boniface, Manitoba, and 
spent three years as cure 
d^ office of the Cathedral, 
and steward of the Archi- 
episcopal Palace. In 1881, 
he accepted the presidency 
of the new College of St. 
Boniface, and directorship 
of the Seminary in connec- 
tion therewith, and at the 
same time taught theology. 
He was also a member of 
the Board of Education, 
from 1878, until it was 
abolished in 1890, a mem- 
ber of the Council of the 
University of Manitoba 
since 1878, and president 
of the Board of Studies since 
1883. In 1884, owing to 
ill health, he left the college 
and took charge of the 
parish of the Immaculate 
Conception, of Winnipeg, 
where he has been ever since. In 1890, 
he went to Europe, visiting Ireland, 
Scotland, England, France, Switzer- 
land, Bavaria and Italy. In September, 
1890, as the delegate of His Grace, the 
Archbishop of St. Boniface, he paid the 
visit " ad Liniina Apostolorum " in 
Rome, and was favored with a private 
audience from Pope Leo XIII. In 
September, 1891, he began the building 
of the new church of the Immaculate 
Conception, which was finished in less 
than two years, it being blessed and 
dedicated on the i7th of March, 1893. 
This church is one of the finest in 
Winnipeg. 



IVIKN OR CANADA. 



211 



\ 




L 




rEO. M. GREER, M.A., repre- 
senting the Western of Toronto, 
Manchester of England, Albion Fire 
Insurance Association of England, 
Connecticut of Hartford, Fire Insu- 
rance Companies, and the London & 
Lancashire Life Insurance Company 
of England, and Accident Insurance 
Company of North America, Halifax, 
N.S., was born November yth, 1844, at 
" Rose Lawn," Colborne, Ont. His 
parents were Thomas Greer, Esq., son 
of Geo. Greer, Esq., of Dungannon, 
Ireland, and Eliza Blackstock, daughter 
of Rev. M. Blackstock, of Fairmount, 
Ont. Mr. Greer received his education 



at the Peter boro Grammar School, 
Colborne High School, and entered the 
University of Toronto in 1861, gra- 
duating with honors in 1865, and 
receiving the degree of M.A. in 1869. 
He removed to Halifax in 1866, and 
shortly after, went into the insurance 
business, which he has made a decided 
success. In religion, he is a member 
of the Church of England, and in pol- 
itics, a Conservative. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order, Virgin Lodge, 
and represents the " Alliance Scien- 
tifique " Society of Paris. He is a mem- 
ber of the Halifax Club, Studly Quoit 
Club, Royal N.S. Yacht Squadron, etc. 



212 



OK 




r 




. WILLIAM LIDDLE HIS- 
LOP ROWAND, Pastor of 
St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
Church, Fort William, Ontario, -was 
born April 8th, 1860, at Walkerton, 
Ont. His parents were Abraham and 
Elizabeth (Hislop) Rowand, both Scotch. 
Mr. Rowand was brought up on his 
father's farm, and after taking his regu- 
lar course in the public and High 
schools of Walkerton, he entered To- 
ronto University, and was graduated 
with first-class honors from that insti- 
tution in 1882, and from Knox College, 
Toronto in 1885. He was ordained to 
the ministry of the Presbyterian Church, 



April I4th, 1885, at Portage La Prairie, 
was chaplain for the 95th Manitoba 
Grenadiers during the North- West Re- 
bellion, after which he served at Battle- 
ford, Saskatchewan, oue year; Burn- 
side, Man., four and one half years ; 
Rapid City, Man., two years ; and was 
inducted into his present charge at 
Fort William, September 26th, 1893. 
He has been very successful on all his 
charges, is very popular with his people, 
and a clear and most effective preacher 
of the Gospel. He was married, Oct. 
3rd, 1888, to Sadie M., daughter of John 
McLeod, Esq., of Portage La Prairie, 
Man., by whom he has two sons. 



OR 



213 




HE RIGHT REV. R. YOUNG, 
D. D., D. C. L., Bishop of Atha- 
baska, was born at Hull, England, in 
September, 1843. He is a son of A. 
W. Young, Esq., formerly of Louth 
Park, Lincolnshire. He received his 
early education at Kingston College 
School, Hull, and at the Louth Gram- 
mar School. In 1865, he entered Clare 
College, Cambridge, graduating B.A., 
in 1 868. In December of the same year, 
he was ordained deacon, in Worcester 
Cathedral, and in the following May, 
was ordained priest, in St. Michael's 
Church. Coventry. During this period, 
and until December, 1869, he held the 




curacy of Halesowen, Worcestershire. 
In December, 1869, he was instituted 
to the vicarage of Fulstow, Lincoln- 
shire. He resigned this in 1872, to 
accept the position of Association Se- 
cretary to the Church Missionary So- 
ciety, and was placed in charge of the 
important district of West Yorkshire. 
In 1873, he was married to Julia H., 
youngest daughter of the Rev. W. B. 
Harrison, rector of Gay ton, Lincoln- 
shire. In 1875, at the call of the C.M. 
Society, he proceeded to Manitoba, to 
take charge of St. Andrew's. Part of the 
special work entrusted to him by the 
Society, as financial secretary to their 
missions in Rupert's Land, 
in conjunction with the 
Bishop and the Society's 
Finance Committee, was to 
inaugurate and carry out a 
scheme for the gradual with- 
drawal of the Society's aid 
from such of its missions as 
seemed no longer to require 
the Society's support, and 
the same was successfully 
carried out. There is no 
need to dilate upon his 
labors in this connection, 
and in the secretariat. Suf- 
fice it to say the work was 
thoroughly done, and while 
filling several important 
posts in connection with ec- 
clesiastical and educational 
work, his own parish was 
most conscientiously cared 
for. In Oct., 1884, he was 
consecrated Bishop of Atha- 
baska, in St. John's Cathe- 
dral, Winnipeg. Shortly 
after, he received the degree 
of D.D., from the University 
of Manitoba, and in Sept. 
1893, the degree of D.C.L., 
of Trinity College Univer- 
sity, Toronto. 



214 




HUESTIS CAMPBELL, 
Manager'] Winnipeg Electric 
Street Railway, was born in Great 
Village, Colchester County, N.S., De- 
cember 4th, 1858. His parents John 
M. and Catharine Campbell, still reside 
there, and are held in general esteem. 
Mr. Campbell was educated at the 
Nova Scotia public schools, and at an 
early age, engaged on the construction 
of the Intercolonial Railway. He 
afterwards learned the trade of black- 
smith, which he followed for some 
years. Later, he was employed for 
several years in connection with the 
Road Department of the I.C.R., at 
Truro, N. S. In 1879, Mr. 
Campbell went West in 
connection with the con- 
struction of the C. P.R., 
section " B," at Rat Port- 
age, and in 1880, he was 
appointed cashier in the 
C.P.R. Freight Department, 
at Winnipeg. In 1881, he 
was appointed City Pas- 
senger and Ticket Agent of 
the C.P.R., a position he held 
until 1890, when he accept- 
ed the position of General 
Immigration Agent. The 
following year, he formed a 
strong company of capital- 
ists, comprised of the wealth- 
iest men in the country, 
and secured the franchise 
for an Electric Railway in 
Winnipeg, and since that 
time has devoted his whole 
time and attention to the 
construction and operation 
of the line, of which he is 
General Manager, and it is 
due to his untiring zeal and 
indefatigable efforts, that 
Winnipeg now enjoys an 
Electric Railway service, 
second to none. Mr. Camp- 



bell has been married twice : first, in 
1883, to Mary, daughter of the late 
Rev. A. Russell, of Dalhousie, N.B., 
who died in 1889, leaving one son, and 
in 1892, to Jean Russell, sister of his 
first wife. In religion, he is a Metho- 
dist, and in politics, a Conservative. 
He also belongs to the I.O.O.F. and 
A.O.U.W. For several years he 
was a J. P. for Manitoba, and for 
two consecutive years \\as a member 
of the City Council, but has since de- 
clined to accept municipal honors. He 
is esteemed by all who know him, as a 
citizen of integrity and public spirit, 
and as a business man of push and tack. 






,EV'D. FATHER EDMOND 
DOYLE, of Mill Town, Char- 
lotte County, N.B., was 
born at Youghal, County of Cork, 
Ireland, April loth, 1839. He is the 
son of Denis Doyle and Catherine 
Murphy, both of County Cork. He 
received his early education at the 
National and Classical schools of the 
County of Cork, after which he spent 
a term at the Seminary of Mount Mal- 
leray, in the County of Waterford, and 
graduated with honors. He then en- 
tered the College of All Hallows, 
Dublin, from which institution he also 
graduated, taking first-class honors. 



He was ordained priest, June 29th, 
1866, by the Right Rev. Dr. Whelan, 
Bishop of Bombay, India, at the Col- 
lege of All Hallows, and after ordin- 
ation he came to the City of St. John, 
and officiated as curate at the Cathedral 
for five years, when he was given 
charge of the parishes of St. George 
and Roblingdam, where he remained 
for over fifteen years, during which 
time he also had charge of St. Andrew's 
and other parishes, until September, 
1886 when he was transferred to the 
parishes of Mill Town and St. Stephen, 
N.B. He celebrated his Silver Jubilee, 
July ist, 1891. 



216 




W XON. ROBERT FERN LYONS, 
(3 jM M. P. P., grain dealer, stock 

VS> raiser and agriculturist, Car- 
berry, Man., was born July ist, 1856, 
in Leeds County, Out. His parents 
are Michael and Ann (Gardner) Lyons, 
now living at Carberry, Man. After 
leaving the public schools, he attended 
the Grammar School at Farmersville, 
Ont. He was then clerk in a general 
store, for some five or six years, and in 
1878, removed to within three miles of 
Carberry, where, with his brother, J. 
H. Lyons, he conducted a general store 
and farmed for about four years. On 
the advent of the C. P. R., he started a 



general store in Carberry, which he 
sold out in 1886. Since then, Mr. 
Lyons has devoted himself to farming, 
stock raising and the exporting of grain. 
He owns a large elevator and a farm of 
sixteen hundred acres, within two miles 
of Carberry. His four brothers, John, 
Andrew, Joseph and Harmon, are also 
located in the neighborhood. In 1892 he 
was elected M.P.P. for the electoral dis- 
trict of Norfolk, Man., on the Conser- 
vative ticket. In religion, he is a Metho- 
dist, and also belongs to the Masonic 
Fraternity. On April 2oth, 1888, he 
married Jennet, daughter of Thomas 
Hume, Esq., formerly of Hamilton, 



217 



JAMES HANNAY* 
Editor of the Tele- 
graph, St.John,N.B., 
was born in Richibucto, 
N.B., April 22nd, 1842. He 
is the son of the Rev. Jas. 
Hannay and Jane Salter. 
Mr. Hannay was educated 
in Scotland; studied law in 
St John, N.B , and in 1866 
was called to the Bar. A 
year later he became re- 
porter of the Supreme Court 
of that province, which po- 
sition he held until 1873. 
From 1872 to 1883. he was 
associate editor of the J^ele- 
graph, St. John, from 1883 
to 1884, occupied a similar 
position on the Montreal 
Herald. In 1885. joined the 
staff of the Brooklyn Eagle, 
first as general writer, then 
as literary editor, and fin- 
ally as associate editor. In 
1888, he accepted the chief 
editorship of the Gazette, 
St. John, but in 1892, re- 
turned to the Telegraph. 
He is a far seeing and bril- 
liant editor, a writer of 
sound English, and a man 
of quick perception and broad views. 
He is also famous as a writer of prose 
and poetry. When quite young he pub- 
lished poems over the nom de plume 
" Saladin " which attracted much at- 
tention. Over his own name he pub- 
lished " The Ballads of Acadia," "An 
Apostrophe to the River St. John," a 
number of sketches of the early forts 
of New Brunswick, and several spirited 
tales in Stewarfs Quarterly, from 1867- 
72. In 1875, he published the " Cap- 
tivity of John Gyles," with notes. His 
elaborate and scholarly " History of 
Acadia," appeared in 1879, and was 
published in St. John and London. In 




1883, he wrote the "Story of the 
Queen's Rangers," one of the Loyalist 
regiments in the War of the Revolution, 
and recently completed "A history of 
the War of 1812." He has now in 
press " The Life and Times of Sir 
Leonard Tilley," and is publishing in 
the Telegraph, a " History of the Loy- 
alists." Mr. Hannay is president of the 
New Brunswick Historical Society, 
historian of the Loyalist Society, cor- 
responding member of the Literary 
and Historical Society of Quebec, and 
of the Nova Scotia Historical Society. 
In 1864, he was married to Margaret, 
daughter of EHas T. Ross, of St. John. 



218 



CANADA, 





,EV. C. B. PITBLADO, Winni- 
peg, Man., was boru in 1836, 
_ in Fifeshire, Scotland. His 
parents were John and Ann (McDonald) 
Pitblado. In 1850, Mr. Pitblado came 
to Nova Scotia, with his father and the 
family, and for several years was en- 
gaged in railway construction with his 
father, who was a railway contractor. 
He studied at the Normal School, 
Truro, at the Free Church College, 
Halifax, and the Presbyterian Semina- 
ry, Truro. He taught for several years 
prior to his ordination, first in the 
Academy of Windsor, then at Richi- 
bucto, N.B. He was licensed by the 




Presbytery of Miraniichi, in 
August, 1864, and ordained 
over the congregation of 
Glenelg ; East River and 
Caledonia, N.S., in Febru- 
ary, 1865. He then became 
pastor of Chalmers Church, 
Halifax, where he remained 
about ten years. Ini88i,he 
accepted a call from a small 
band of pioneer settlers in 
Winnipeg, who formed what 
is now St. Andrew's Con- 
gregation. Seven years of 
arduous labour in the new 
field told upon his health, 
and he removed to Califor- 
nia, where he remained for 
about five years, after which 
he was called by the newly 
formed congregation of 
Westminster, Winnipeg, of 
which he is now pastor. 
He was married to Sophia, 
daughter of Isaac Christie, 
of Truro, N.S., in 1865. His 
family consists of four sons 
and one daughter, some of 
whom hold responsible posi- 
tions in the large institu- 
tions of the country. Mr. 
Pitblado has always taken 
a deep interest in the Home Mis- 
sions of the Church and the Edu- 
cational Institutions of the country. 
For many years he was chairman 
of the Committee on Education, ap- 
pointed by the Synod of the Lower 
Provinces. During the Riel Rebellion, 
he went to the front as chaplain of 
the Halifax Batallion, and was one of 
the company that brought Riel in 
from Batoche to Regina. Mr. Pitblado 
has kept himself abreast of the times, 
has taken an intelligent interest in 
all public questions, is a brilliant and 
scholarly speaker, and a popular and 
esteemed pastor. 



OK 



219 





VD. FATHER WILLIAM 
BOLLARD, St. Stephen, Char- 
lotte County, N.B., was born 
in Kilkenny, Ireland, May ist, 1861. 
He is the son of Michael Bollard and 
Anastasia Quinn, both of Kilkenny. 
His father was a nephew of the first 
Bishop of New Brunswick, the Right 
Rev. William Bollard, B.B., and his 
mother was a sister of the late Revds. 
James and Edmond Quinn, of the dio- 
cese of St. John, N.B., who labored 
there for a number of years. Father 
Bollard received his early education at 
the schools of the city of Waterford, Ire- 
land and St. John's College, Waterford, 



graduating from that college with first- 
class honors, but being too young for 
ordination, he came to St. John and 
taught for one year, when he entered 
Laval University, Quebec, and after 
remaining there for some time, he was 
ordained Beacon by Archbishop (now 
Cardinal) Taschereau, and afterwards 
Priest by Bishop Sweeney, at the Ca- 
thedral, in the city of St. John, in 
January, 1884. He then remained with 
the Bishop, at the Cathedral, for three 
years, when he was given charge of the 
newly organized parish of St. Stephen, 
where he still continues, and lives in 
the affection of his parishioners. 



22O 



CANADA. 




<J^\EV. WM. BERNARD McDO- 
Tv NALD, B.D., Parish Priest, 

" v^) Lourdes, N. S., was born 
April i5th, 1849, at Merigomishe, N.S. 
His parents were Angus McDonald 
and Eunice (McLeod) McDonald. His 
father was the grandson of Angus 
McDonald, who was the first of his 
name to settle in Merigomishe, coming 
there about 1775, from the Braes of 
Lochabar, Scotland. His mother was 
of the oldest McLeod family in Scot- 
land, from the Isle of Egg, and a sister 
of Rev. W. B. McLeod, late of Arisaig, 
N.S., and Monsignor Neil McLeod, late 
of East Bay, Cape Breton. Father 



McDonald is related to nearly all the 
Scotch clergymen of Antigonish and 
Charlottetown dioceses, including the 
late Bishop McKinnon and the present 
learned Bishop Cameron, of Antigo- 
nish, N.S. He was educated at St. 
Francis Xavier College, Antigonish, 
and Laval University, Quebec. Or- 
dained at Laval University, in 1876, 
by Cardinal Taschereati, located at 
Lourdes, (Stellarton, N.S.,) from 1876 
to the present time. In politics, he is a 
Conservative, and a supporter of Sir 
John Thompson and Sir C. H. Tupper. 
He is a descendant of an old and most 
highly respected family. 



221 



^<TXONALD MACRAE,M.A.,D.D., 
1 Presbyterian Clergyman, St. 
John, N.B., was born Novem- 
ber a6th, 1833, in Picton Comity, N.S. 
His parents were John and Julia C. 
(McDongal) Macrae. His father was 
also a Presbyterian Minister, for over 
half a century, being about eighteen 
years in Nova Scotia, and the remain- 
der of his life in the North of Scotland. 
He received his education in the Uni- 
versities of Aberdeen and Edinburgh, 
and was educated expressly for the 
ministry of the Presbyterian Church. 
He was licensed by the Presbytery of 
Aberdeen, ordained by the Presbytery 
of Lews, and inducted into 
the charge of the Congre- 
gation of the East and West 
Branches of the East River 
of Pictou, in 1856, as suc- 
cessor, after an interval of 
twelve years, to his father. 
He was called to St. John's, 
Newfoundland, in 1858, and 
remained there for twelve 
years. His former congre- 
gation showed their appreci- 
ation of his labours, by re- 
calling him in 1870; he 
remained with them four 
years, when he was called 
to the Congregation of St. 
Stephen's Church, St. John, 
N.B., of which he is still 
pastor (1893). He was 
elected Moderator of the 
General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in Ca- 
nada, in 1880, and has been 
clerk of the Presbytery 
of St. John, and convener of 
Home Mission Committee. 
He also belongs to the Ma- 
sonic, Oddfellows, St. An- 
drew's societies, has held 
the office of Chaplain to 
these orders, and was also 



a Garrison Chaplain for a time in St. 
John's, Newfoundland. Dr. Macrae 
has had a long and successful career. 
The important offices filled by him, 
speak volumes for the high esteem in 
which he is held by his denomination. 
He may be said to be yet in his 
prime, and pursuing his work with 
unabated vigor. His many friends 
hope that his valuable life may 
be long spared. He was married, in 
1863, to Catherine Harriet, youngest 
daughter of the Hon. Kenneth McLea, 
of St. John's, Newfoundland. His 
family consists of six sons and three 
daughters, living. 




222 




EORGE BROWNE, architect, 
Winnipeg, Man., was born in 
1852, in Montreal. He is the youngest 
son of the late Geo. Browne, Esq., who 
for many years, was one of the leading 
architects and most extensive real estate 
owners in that city. His wife, Anna 
Maria (Jameson), was born in Dublin. 
Mr. Browne is a descendant of General 
Seaban, Governor of Gibraltar, a dis- 
tinguished officer in the reign of George 
II. He was educated in Montreal High 
School, after which he entered his father's 
office, where he remained until he was 
eighteen years of age, when he went to 
New York, where he studied in the 




office of Russell Sturgis. In 1873, he 
visited Europe, where he remained for 
three years and a half, studying the 
different styles of architecture in Eng- 
land, Ireland, France, Italy, and Switz- 
erland. He also took a course at South 
Kensington School of Art, and won 
prizes in the International Competition 
in the class of design. In 1877, Mr. 
Browne returned to Montreal, where he 
practiced his profession for two years. 
In 1879, he went to Manitoba, and 
farmed until 1882, when he removed to 
Winnipeg, to resume the practice of 
architecture. His patrons include many 
of the best men and corporations in the 
West. He erected theware- 
- -, houses of Massey, Harris & 
Co., McKeuzie, Powis & 
Co., and others ; the resi- 
dences of D. K. Elliot, Dr. 
Orton, A. Wickson, W. J. 
Watson, J. C. Gordon, and 
others, the Mulvey, the 
Aberdeen and the North 
Central Schools, the city 
market (won in competition) , 
and the new addition to 
Manitoba College, on the 
public opening of which he 
was publicly complimented 
by Chief Justice Taylor, 
and Principal King, on the 
skill and taste which he 
displayed. He does much 
of the work of the Hudson's 
Bay Co., whose new offices 
in Winnipeg, and new whole- 
sale warehouse in Vancou- 
ver, B. C., he designed. In 
1883, Mr. Browne was mar- 
ried to Louisa Anna, daugh- 
ter of the late Capt. E. E. 
Nicolls, of H.M. 56th Re- 
giment Foot, and grand- 
daughter of the late Lient.- 
Col. Nicolls, of H. M. 72nd 
Highlanders. 



CANADA, 



223 




WTENRY HAVELOCK JAMES, 
C *J^"J Barrister, Buctouche, Kent 
vS> County, N. B., was born at 
Richibucto, Kent County, November 
8th, 1857. He is the son of James 
Alex. James, barrister, of Richibucto, 
who came from England, and of Phoebe 
Shaw, who was a native of Nova Scotia. 
He received his education at the Richi- 
bucto Grammar School, and commen- 
ced to study law in his father's office, 
when sixteen years of age. He was 
admitted, as attorney, in October, 1879, 
and sworn in as barrister in 1880. He 
immediately began to practice his pro- 
fession in Richibucto, but subsequently 



removed to Buctouche. He is at present 
Judge of Probate, and in 1889, was 
made Referee in Equity. He has thus, 
in early life, obtained a leading''position 
in the front ranks of the legal pro- 
fession, and if his past success outlines 
his future achievements, he will, un- 
doubtedly, leave his impress on his 
times and country. Mr. James was 
married in January, 1884, to Jane, 
widow of Rufus Desbrisay, of Richi- 
bucto, N.B. In religion, he is a com- 
municant of the Church of England. 
He also belongs to the Independent 
Order of Foresters. His family con- 
sists of one daughter. 



224 



OR 




TX/ILLIAM McCULLY, Postmas- 
r * ter, Truro, Nova Scotia, was 
born in that place, November 9th, 1826. 
He is the son of William McCully and 
Elizabeth Arnold, both born in Colches- 
ter County, Township of Onslow, in 
the same house, having no relation to 
each other, however, and with but two 
years intervening. Mr. McCully re- 
ceived his education at Truro Academy. 
The first part of his life was engaged 
in farming, and in February, 1871, he 
received the appointment of Postmaster 
of Truro, which position he now holds 
with much satisfaction to the commu- 
nity. He has had the honor of receiv- 



ing, from Ottawa, the high compliment 
of having the best regulated and best 
conducted office in Eastern Canada. 
He is a man of very thorough business 
habits, has a keen grasp of detail, and 
is possessed of the desirable faculty of 
being able to address himself to a mul- 
tiplicity of duties, with correctness and 
despatch, which renders his service so 
acceptable to the public. In religion, 
he belongs to the Presbyterian Church. 
On the twenty-ninth of October, 1855, 
he was married, to Miss Martha G. 
Wilson, daughter of James Wilson, 
Esq. His family consists of five 
children. 



225 




KORGE ALBERT HETHER- 



INGTON, M.D., L.M., Dublin, 
Physician and Surgeon, St. John, N.B., 
was born March lyth, 1851, at Johnston, 
N.B. He is the son of James Grierson 
and Mary J. (Clark) Hetherington. 
Dr. Hetherington received his education, 
first, in Johnston, and afterwards at- 
tended the Normal School, where he 
procured a teacher's license in 1860, and 
taught school for a time. He after- 
wards attended the Baptist Seminary, 
Fredericton, the Medical Department of 
the University of Michigan, and was 
resident physician in Washtenaw Alms- 
house Hospital and Insane Asylum, 




for one year. He took the second 
year special course in the University 
of Michigan. After studying in the 
General Hospital and College of Medi- 
cine and Surgery, at Cincinnati, gradu- 
ating M.D., A.D 1875, he returned to 
New Brunswick, and practiced medicine 
for nearly five years. He then spent a 
period in Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, 
took qualification Lie. Mid., of Dublin 
Rotunda Hospital for Women, together 
with a special course for diseases of 
women and children. He afterwards 
received the appointment of assistant 
clinical instructor, for same hospital, 
and clerk, having charge of the extensive 
Maternity Department. He 
returned to St. John in 1882, 
and began general practice. 
Dr. Hetherington is a Li- 
centiate of the Council of 
Physicians and Surgeons of 
N.B., Fellow of the British 
Gynecological Society of 
London, Commissioner of 
General Public Hospital, St. 
John, lecturer and examiner 
St. John Training School 
for Nurses, pathologist of 
St. John General Public 
Hospital, Coroner for St. 
John City and County, Sur- 
geon for St. John Firemen 
Mutual Relief Association, 
etc. He also holds second- 
class certificates from Mil- 
itary School and Royal In- 
fantry School, Fredericton. 
Dr. Hetherington belongs to 
the Knights of Pythias, In- 
dependent Order of For- 
esters and the Masonic Or- 
der. In religion, he is a 
Baptist, and in politics, an 
active Liberal. He was mar- 
ried, September 5th, 1876, 
to Sybil Mclntyre, of Sus- 
sex, now deceased. 

'5 



226 



CANADA. 




ADAMS BLAKELY, M.D., 

Winnipeg, Man., Deputy Minis- 
ter of Education for the Pro- 
vince of Manitoba, was born November 
4th, 1854, at Cherry Valley, Ont. His 
parents were William Brock and Lucy 
(Adams) Blakely, of U. E. Loyalist 
stock. He received his education at 
the High schools in Picton and Napa- 
nee, and the Toronto Normal School. 
He went to Winnipeg in 1881, passed 
the examination for first-class teachers, 
and was at once employed on the staff 
of the city schools. Being a successful 
and progressive teacher, his promotion 
was rapid. He was soon placed in 
charge of the Central School, 
then the largest in the Pro- r - 
vince, and did much to carry 
it forward to its present 
state of efficiency. After 
he resigned the principal- 
ship to complete his course 
in medicine, he was twice 
elected school trustee by 
large majorities. Dr. Bla- 
kely graduated from Mani- 
toba University in 1889, 
and was appointed to his 
present position in Novem- 
ber of the same year. His 
executive ability and expe- 
rience as a teacher has 
eminently qualified him for 
this office, and he is doing 
good work in the interest of 
education in the Province. 
He his widely known and 
highly respected thoughout 
the Province, he has always 
taken an active interest 
in church work, being an 
official member of Grace 
Methodist Church, and a 
teacher of the Young Peo- 
ple's Bible class in its Sun- 
day School. He did a large 
share of work in connection 



with the organization of Wesley Church 
and McDougall Memorial Church, and 
was the first recording Stewart in each 
of them. He is also an active tempe- 
rance worker, and at present is Grand 
Chief Templar of the I. O.G.T., for Mani- 
toba. He is active in every good word 
and work, and spares neither time nor 
energy to help a good cause. Dr. 
Blakely was married, September 24th, 
1890, to Miss Arrninda Myrtal, daugh- 
ter of the late Abraham Law, of Rich- 
mond Hill, York County, Ontario. 
Mrs. Blakely is Provincial president 
of the Women's Christian Temperance 
Union in Manitoba. 




IVIKN 



227 




^/TELBORNE MACMONAGLE, 
^Yl Barrister, St. Stephen, N.B., 
V?) was born in Sussex Vale, 
N.B., March 2oth, 1846. He is the 
son of Henry MacMonagle and Isa- 
bel Perkins, both of New Bruns- 
wick. He received his education at 
the schools of Sussex, the Grammar 
School, St. John, after which he entered 
the law office of Wedderburn (now 
judge) and MacMonagle, in St. John. 
Was called to the Bar in February, 
1871, and sworn in as Barrister the 
following year. He commenced the 
practice of law in St. Stephen in 1871, 
where he has worked up a very large 



and lucrative practice. He was a mem- 
ber of the Municipal County Council 
for a number of years, and Town Sol- 
icitor for St. Stephen. He joined the 
Military School of Instruction in 1870, 
and received a second-class certificate 
from the Major of the 78th Highlanders. 
He has lately devoted a large portion of 
his time to farming, being the owner 
of two hay farms in the vicinity of St. 
Stephen. He was married in April, 
1877, to Annie J. Mcllroy, of St. 
Stephen, N. B. His family consists of 
three daughters. He is a member of the 
Loyal Orange Order, being P.D.G.M. 
In religion, he is an Episcopalian. 



228 



CANADA. 





. JOHN SHAW, Parish Priest 
of New Glasgow, N.S., was 
bo rn in December, 1828, in 
Cape Breton, N.S. He is the son of 
Michael and Christie (Morrison) Shaw, 
natives of the Highlands, Scotland. 
His father died when he was about six 
months old, and his mother afterwards 
married Archibald McEachern. Father 
Shaw's mother was Presbyterian up to 
the time of her second marriage, when 
she became a Roman Catholic. He 
received his education at St. Francois 
Xavier College, Antigonish, N. S., 
and was ordained priest in September, 
1 86 1, by the late Right Rev. Bishop 



McKinnon. His first charge was In- 
gonish and Bay St. Lawrence, Victoria 
County, C.B. In 1866, he took charge 
of Little Glace Bay, Bridgeport, Cow 
Bay and Reserve Mines, C.B., and con- 
tinued pastor of the same until July, 
1 88 1, when he was appointed to the 
Parish of Arisaig and Malignant Brook, 
where he continued until September, 
1885, when he was sent to the new 
mission of New Glasgow and Trenton, 
N.S., where he still continues. His 
busy life contains the fullest evidence 
of his untiring efforts in behalf of his 
beloved church, and the affection of his 
people, speaks for his success. 



M:KN 



229 



JOHN W. DANIEL, 
M. D., M. R. C. S., 
Eng., Physician and 
Surgeon, St. John, N.B.,was 
born January 27th, 1845. 
He is the son of Rev. Henry 
Daniel, a retired clergyman 
of the Methodist Church, 
and his mother was a cousin 
of the novelist Charlotte 
Bronte. Dr. Daniel received 
his education at New Kings- 
wood School, Bath, Eng- 
land, taking the scholarship, 
granted for the highest aver- 
age in all branches. He pas- 
sed the Junior Extra Acade- 
mical examination of the 
University of Cambridge, 
and commenced profession- 
al education at New York, 
at Bellevne Hospital Med- 
ical College, where he was 
a private pupil of the late 
Prof. Austin Flint, in di- 
seases of the heart and 
lungs, and graduated from 
that institution in March, 

1865. He then entered the 
U.S. Army, as acting as- 
sistant surgeon, remaining 
over a year ; was in charge 

of the Officers' Hospital at Mobile, 
Alabama, and afterwards surgeon in 
charge of Post Hospital at Shreveport, 
Louisiana ; resigned this position in 

1866, and returned to England, and at- 
tached himself to the London Hospital, 
until July, 1867, at which time he passed 
the examinations of the Royal College 
of Surgeons of England, and was ad- 
mitted a Member. He has practiced 
his profession in St. John, since 1871, 
and was appointed one of the visiting 
staff of the St. John General Hospital, 
in 1886. In 1875, he was commissioned 
assistant surgeon of the N. B. B. G. A., 
and in August, 1876, was promoted to 




be surgeon of the same corps. He 
is vice-president of St. George's Society, 
a member and past president of the St. 
John County Medical Society, and past 
president of the New Brunswick Med- 
ical Society. For five years, he has 
been an elected member of the council 
of Physicians and surgeons of New 
Brunswick, is now its president, and 
was for many years a member of the St. 
John Lodge A.F. & A.M. In politics, 
he is a Conservative, and in religion, 
an adherent of the Methodist Church. 
He was married, October i5th, 1890, to 
Jessie Porteous, daughter of the late 
Mr. John Ennis, of St. John, N.B. 



230 



OK CANADA. 




^T\ G. O'MALLEY, M.P.P., for 
1^ Lome, County of Rock Lake, 
V5> Manitoba, was born Au- 
gust yth, 1857, in Galway County, 
Ireland. His parents, John and Cath- 
arine (Robinson) O'Malley, died when 
he was very young, and left a family 
of eight small children, of which Mr. 
O'Malley was one of the youngest. 
He came to Canada when sixteen, and 
for three years was engaged on the 
surveys of Manitoba, after which he 
engaged for a year and a half in the 
construction of telegraph lines. He 
then bought a farm in Marquette coun- 
ty, Manitoba, but after two years sold 



out, and settled in Somerset, 
in the County of Rock 
Lake, where he has been 
farming ever since. On the 
organization of the pro- 
vince into municipalities, 
Mr. O'Malley \vas gazetted a 
councillor by Lieut.-Gover- 
norCauchon. In 1880, and 
for five consecutive years 
after that, he was elected to 
that office. In 1885-86, he 
was elected to the Reeve- 
ship by large majorities, 
since then he has not been 
opposed, but is elected an- 
nually by acclamation. In 
1888, Mr. O'Malley was 
elected to the Local Legis- 
lature, and in 1892, after the 
redistribution of the pro- 
vince into counties, he was 
returned by acclamation, a 
tribute to his sterling worth, 
and an honor of which the 
once penniless Irish boy 
may very justly be proud. 
He is president and director 
of the Lome Agricultural 
Society, and not only takes 
, an interest in whatever per- 
tains to the welfare of his 
constituency, but he is an ardent friend 
of Manitoba, and has done yeoman 
work in the interest of his adopted 
country. In politics, he is a staunch 
Conservative, and an able exponent 
of the principles of his party, but he is 
respected alike by Conservatives and 
Liberals for his ability and manly 
qualities. In religion, he is a member 
of the Episcopal Church. On March 
2nd, 1882, he was married to Miss 
Sarah Clouston, daughter of the late 
Wm. Clouston, Esq., an old and 
highly esteemed officer of the Hudson's 
Bay Co. His family consists of one 
son and two daughters. 



MEN 



231 




JAMES ALBERT KAULBACH 
M.A., Archdeacon of Nova 
Scotia, Canon of St. Luke's 
Cathedral, and Vicar of Truro, N.S., 
was born at Lunenburg, N.S., August 
3Oth, 1839. His parents were John 
Henry and Sophia Fredericka (New- 
man) Kaulbach. His father was High 
Sheriff of the County of Lunenburg, 
N.S., for 56 years, and his grandfather, 
Henry Kaulbach was also Sheriff for 
thirty years, prior to that. Mr. Kaul- 
back was educated at King's College, 
Windsor, N.S., and was ordained dea- 
con in Halifax, in 1864, by Bishop Bin- 
ney, and priest in 1865. He then 



served five and one half years at River 
John, Pictou County, N.S., and then 
removed to Truro, in 1870, where he 
has since remained. The Archdeacon 
is a man of sterling parts, of great in- 
fluence in his church, and widely es- 
teemed as an able minister and Christian 
gentleman. His scholarly attainments, 
genial spirit and brilliant parts, account 
for his success and popularity, and his 
numerous friends hope that his useful 
life may be long spared. He was 
married in 1876, to Miss Mary Sophia 
Bradshaw, daughter of Jas. T. Brad- 
shaw, Esq., of Quebec. His family 
consists of one son. 



232 




( T EORGE A. B. ADDY, M. D., 
^-A C.M., Practicing Physician and 
Surgeon, St. John, N.B., was born in 
that city, January 2nd, 1869. His 
parents were H. George Addy, and 
Cecelia (Bessonett) Addy. His grand- 
father was the Rev. John S. Addy, who 
came from Sheffield, County of York, 
Eng., to St. John's. Newfoundland, in 
1836, then to Liverpool, N. S., and 
Halifax, N. S. and St. John, N. B. He 
was a Wesleyan clergyman, and left 
St John's, Newfoundland, in 1857, and 
died in Yarmouth, N. S., in 1884. Dr. 
H G Addy, came to Halifax from St. 
John's, Newfoundland, in 1860, and 



served three and one half years in the 
American Rebellion, after which he 
returned to Halifax, and finally to St. 
John, N. B. Dr. Geo. A. B. Addy was 
educated in the St. John schools, and 
graduated at McGill University, Mont- 
real, after which he practiced for a short 
time in St. John, North End. Since 
1891, he has been superintendent of 
the General Hospital, St. John. He 
belongs to the Knights of Pythias 
and St. George's societies, and is se- 
cretary of the New Brunswick Medical 
Society, and second vice-president of St. 
John Medical Society. In politics, he is 
a Liberal, and in religion, a Methodist, 



CANADA. 



233 




MARKS PORTER, re- 
tired merchant, ship builder 
and farmer, of St. Stephen, N.B., was 
born in that place, June 24th, 1804. 
He received his education at the schools 
of St. Stephen, and in 1828 commenced 
business as general merchant, at Mill 
Town, N.B. He also did a large busi- 
ness in lumber, and in connection 
with his brother John, did quite an ex- 
tensive business in ship building, under 
the firm name of John and G. M. Por- 
ter. His brother having died on his 
way home from California, where he 
had been with one of their vessels, Mr. 
George Porter continued to carry on 
the different branches of 
business by himself, re- 
maining in Mill Town for 
forty-one years. He then 
removed to his present resi- 
dence in St. Stephen, and 
continued in business there 
until 1876. He was for 
nineteen years a director of 
St. Stephen's Bank, for 
fifteen years consular agent, 
and for forty-five years presi- 
dent of the St. C roix and 
Penobscot Railway, which 
position he still holds. He 
has been married twice ; 
first, to Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Topliff, Esq., of 
Robinston, Maine, in 1829, 
by whom he had three sons 
and four daughters, and 
after her death, he married 
Elizabeth M., daughter of 
Mr. Housley, of Boston, 
Mass., who died in March, 
1891. In religion, Mr. Por- 
ter is a congregationalist, 
and holds the office of 
deacon. In politics, he 
is a Liberal-Conservative. 
When a mere youth, he 
was appointed a Justice of 



the Peace, and, having been a strong 
advocate of the temperance cause all 
his life, he fought hard to do away 
with the granting of liquor licenses in 
Charlotte County, and succeeded in the 
non-granting of the same for one term. 
When nineteen years of age, he nearly 
lost his life by a lightning stroke, 
which rendered him insensible, but his 
career was not so to terminate, and in 
his ninetieth year (1893), Mr. Porter 
looks back with pleasure on a long, 
honorable and eventful life. His chil- 
dren occupy various positions of trust, 
most of them residing in the United 
States. 




2 34 



MEN OF S 




FORBES ALLOWAY, 
banker, Winnipeg, Man., was 
born at " The Berries," Queen's Coun- 
ty, Ireland, on the 2oth August, 1852. 
His parents were Arthur Wni. and 
Mary Christina (Johnson) Alloway. 
His mother was a daughter of the late 
Thomas Johnson, Esq., of Dublin, who 
was a brother of the late Hon. Robert 
Johnson. His father was late of the 
4th, King's Own. Mr. Alloway was 
educated at the Montreal High School, 
and in 1870, joined Lord Wolseley's 
Red River Expedition. In 1873, he 
became a partner in the transportation 
business, in Manitoba, with the late 




Hon. James McKay, and so continued 
for some years. Afterwards he con- 
ducted the business on his own account. 
In 1879, Mr. Alloway, with Mr. H. T. 
Champion, founded the Banking House 
of Alloway & Champion, the name of 
which has always been a synonym for 
integrity and honor. This institution 
is one of the few which weathered 
the collapse of Winnipeg's boom. Mr. 
Alloway built the magnificent Ogilvie 
Mills, of Winnipeg, Man., of which he 
was the first manager, he being one of 
the charter stockholders of the Ogilvie 
Milling Company, (Ltd.), Winnipeg. 
For six years, he was a member of the 
Winnipeg City Council, and 
took an active interest in 
all that pertained to the 
improvement and prosperity 
of the city. Since 1879, n ^ s 
business has demanded all 
his time and attention, so 
that he has had to refuse 
further municipal honors. 
He was instrumental in 
bringing about the abolition 
of the C.P.R. monopoly, in 
Manitoba, anent the Disal- 
lowance Question. He is 
an able business man, and 
has done much to help for- 
ward the interests of Man- 
itoba. In religion, Mr. 
Alloway is an Episcopalian, 
and in politics, a Liberal. 
On the 3rd of September, 
1878, he was married to 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
of the late James Maclaren, 
Esq., of Pinehurst, Buck- 
ingham, Que.,whowas pre- 
sident of the Bank of Ot- 
tawa, and one of the lumber 
kings of the Dominion. 
Mrs. Alloway is a niece of 
Prof. Maclaren, D. D., of 
Knox College, Toronto. 



235 




ON. JAMES G. 
STEVENS, Q. C., 
St. Stephen, N.B., 
judge of the County Courts 
of the counties of Charlotte, 
Carleton, Victoria and Mad- 
awaska, was born in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, February 
25th, 1822. He is a son of 
Andrew Stevens, Esq., and 
Grace Buchanan Campbell, 
daughter of Sir Colin Camp- 
bell, of Auchinbreck, Ar- 
gyleshire. Although des- 
cended directly from the 
nobility of Scotland, Judge 
Stevens thinks more of the 
nobility of intellect which 
he inherited from his pa- 
rents. He came to New 
Brunswick in 1840, and 
located at St. Stephen, 
where he began the study 
of law with Judge Alex. 
Campbell, and finished with 
D. S. Kerr, then practicing 
at Fredericton. He was 
admitted to practice, in 1845, 
called to the Bar in 1847, 
created a Q.C. in 1867, and 
practiced in St. Stephen un- 
til appointed to his present 
position, June loth, 1867. Judge Ste- 
vens sat for the County of Charlotte 
in the New Brunswick Assembly, from 
1861 to 1865, when he was defeated 
on the question of Confederation, and 
again from 1866, until he received his 
Judgeship. He succeeded in getting 
an Act passed, relieving the Port of 
St. Stephen from payment of ex- 
port duties, and has left a record of 
able speeches in the Legislature. He 
was a successful legislator, as several 
of his Acts on the Statute book 
will show. He is the author of " An 
Analytical Digest of the Decisions of 
the Supreme Courts of New Brunswick, 




from 1825, to Easter Term, 1886, in- 
clusive," u Index to the Statutes, Rules, 
Orders, Regulations, Treatises and 
Proclamations of the Dominion of Can- 
ada," and " Indictable Offenses and 
Summary Convictions," which have had 
a large sale. He is greatly interested 
in education, and also tries to en- 
courage the manufacturers to locate in 
his town. He is a prominent Presby- 
tarian, and president of the St. Stephen 
Branch of the Bible Society. Judge 
Stevens was married in December, 1845, 
to Elizabeth Helen, daughter of John 
Marks of Loyalist descent. His family 
consists of thirteen children, living. 



236 





JAMES WEIDMAN, editor and 
proprietor of the Record, Rat 
Portage, Ont., was born Sep- 
tember 1 2th, 1850, in the township of 
Pickering, Ontario County, Ont. He 
received his education in the public 
schools, and he is practically a self- 
made man. He subsequently served 
an apprenticeship to the printing trade, 
on the York Herald, at Richmond Hill, 
Out., where he originated the process of 
printing several colors at one im- 
pression, on a hand press. He remained 
on this paper six years, and afterwards 
worked at different places, and estab- 
lished the Brampton Progress, now the 



Conservitor. In 1878, he 
started the Inter-Ocean, at 
Selkirk, Man., this being 
the first paper in the North- 
West, outside of Winnipeg. 
In 1880, this plant was re- 
moved to Rat Portage, and 
the Progress, now the News, 
was established. After six- 
teen months, he accepted 
the office of Registrar of 
Deeds for Manitoba, but 
when the territory was 
given over to Ontario, he 
lost the office. In 1885, 
he started the Progress at 
Qu'Appelle, Assa., and in 
1891, sold the same to Mr. 
A. C. Paterson, and re- 
turned to Rat Portage, in 
July, 1891, and established 
the Record, which is fast 
pushing to the front. Mr. 
Weidman is one of the 
ablest and most pushing 
newspaper men in the Do- 
minion of Canada, and pos- 
sesses that keen insight 
and enterprise which are so 
helpful in opening up the 
resources of a new country, 
and judging from his past 
successes, it is quite safe to predict 
for him a brilliant future. In poli- 
tics, he is an Independent-Conservative, 
and in religion, a Methodist, and is 
superintendent of the Sabbath School, 
in his town. He is also a strong prohi- 
bitionist, and a past D.D.G.M., in the 
Masonic Order. Mr. Weidman has 
been married twice: first, in 1873, to 
Hattie Oriel, daughter of John Adair, 
of Toronto, Ont., by whom he has one 
son and one daughter, and second, in 
iSSi, to Elile Jane, daughter of 
Charles Bamforth, of Manitou, Mani- 
toba, by whom he also has one son and 
one daughter. 



MEN 



237 



REDERIC E. BARKER, M.A., 
>.C.L-, Q.C., Barrister, etc., St. 

John, N.B., was born December 
27th, 1838, at Sheffield, Sunbury Coun- 
ty, N.B. He is the son of Enoch and 
Mary S. Barker, now deceased, whose 
ancestors came from Massachusetts to 
Sheffield, previous to 1760. Mr. Barker 
received his education at Sunbury Gram- 
mar School and King's College. He gra- 
duated from the latter institution, re- 
ceiving the degree of B. A. in 1856, and 
subsequently took the degrees of M.A., 
B C.L. and D.C.L. in due course. He 
was admitted as attorney in 1860, and 
barrister in 1861. He studied with the 




late Mr. Justice Fisher, and was, for six 
3'ears in partnership with the late Mr. 
Justice Wetmore. Mr. Barker has been 
president of the Barristers' Society of 
N.B., and the St. John Law Society, 
and is at present a member of the 
council of these societies. He is also a 
member of St. George's Society, and 
was its president for two years, is pre- 
sident of the St. John Bridge and Rail- 
way Extension Co., and a director in 
St. John Gas Company. In politics, 
he is an active Conservative. He was 
representative in the House of Com- 
mons of the city of St. John, having 
succeeded Sir Leonard Tilley on his 
appointment to the Gover- 
norship of New Brunswick 
in 1885, but -was defeated at 
the general election in 1886. 
In religion, he belongs to 
the Episcopalian Church, 
and is church warden of St. 
Paul's Church, St. John. 
He was one of the commis- 
sioners appointed by the 
N. B. Government to con- 
solidate the statutes in 1875, 
and a member of the Law 
C ommission, afterwards ap- 
pointed by the same gov- 
ernment. Mr. Barker has 
been married twice : first, in 
1865, to Julia, daughter of 
Edward Lloyd, at that time 
of the Royal Engineers 
Civil Staff, stationed at St. 
John, by this marriage 
there were two daughters 
, and one son ; the latter a gra- 
duate of the R.M.C., King- 
ston, is now a lieutenant in 
the Royal Artillery, sta- 
tioned in Egypt; he was mar- 
ried afterwards to Mary Ann, 
daughter of the late B. A. 
Black, of Halifax, N.S., by 
whom he has two daughters. 



238 MEN 

\\/ILLIAM HENRY JOHNSON, 
V\ M.D., M.R.C.S., Eng., L.R. 
C.P., Edinburgh, Physician and Sur- 
geon, Fergus, Ont., was born Septem- 
ber 1 8th, 1850, in Wellington County, 
Ont. His parents were John and Mar- 
garet (Smith) Johnson, who came to 
America when young, with their pa- 
rents, settling in Guelph and Eramosa 
townships. His father was present at 
the meeting for organizing Eramoza 
Township in 1827, an( ^ never missed a 
meeting for over fifty years. Dr. John- 
son was educated in the public schools 
and Gait Grammar School, under the 
well known Dr. Tassie. He afterwards 
matriculated in medicine, 
and succeeded in taking a 
scholarship the second year, 
and the gold medal with his 
degree of M.D., from Vic- 
toria College, in 1873. He 
then spent a year in Lon- 
don, England, attending St. 
Thomas and other noted 
hospitals, and obtained cer- 
tificates of honor in surgery, 
medicine and obstretrics, 
also the degree of M.R.C.S. 
Eng. He then spent a 
short time in Edinburgh, 
where de obtained the de- 
gree of E.R.C.P., Edin- 
burgh. Returning to Cana- 
da, he settled in Fergus in 
1875, where he established 
a practice, since developed 
into large proportions. He 
is a member of the Masonic 
Order S.O.S. and A.O.U.W., 
is medical examiner in the 
latter and has filled all the 
offices in the A.O.U.W. He 
was elected councillor, two 
years, by acclamation, and 
Reeve for two years, the 
second election being by 
acclamation also, when he 



retired voluntarily. In politics, he is 
an active Reformer, secretary of Centre 
Wellington Reform Association, and a 
convincing stump speaker. He would 
have honesty, intelligence and inde- 
pendence the first considerations in a 
government. He is also fond of ath- 
letic sports, is an active player on 
first teams, of base ball, lacrosse, foot 
ball, cricket, and has been president of 
several local clubs in this connection. 
He volunteered and was appointed 
assistant surgeon of 3Oth Battalion, 
during the Riel trouble in 1885, and 
has been surgeon since 1887. In re- 
ligion, the Doctor is a Presbyterian. 




OK 



239 





r . HORACE D. COOPER, 
A., Incumbent of Emmanuel 
Episcopal Church, Holland, 
Man., was born July I7th, 1838, at the 
Cross Roads, where Clinton, Out., now 
stands. His parents were Rev. H. C. 
Cooper, B.A., and Susan Bowden. Mr. 
Cooper's father was also an Episcopal 
clergyman, and died in 1878. His 
mother is still living. Mr. Cooper re- 
ceived his early education from his 
father, and afterwards at the Niagara 
Grammar School. He entered Trinity 
College, Toronto, in October, 1855, and 
graduated B.A. in 1859. He was or- 
dained deacon in St. James Cathedral, 



Toronto, in October 1861, 
and priest in the same 
place, in October, 1862. His 
first charge after ordination 
as deacon, was at Beverly, 
where he remained until 
1867. He was then incum- 
bent of St. James Church, 
Fergus, Ont., until 1872, 
then Holland Landing, Out., 
until January 1875, then 
Col borne and Brighton, un- 
til October, 1880, when he 
exchanged with Rev. Mr. 
Gardner of Morris Man., 
for one year, after which he 
returned to Ontario, and took 
temporary charge at Bol- 
ton, Ont., for nine mouths, 
He was then at Lloyd- 
town, Out., from March, 
1882, to December ist, 
1886. then Battern Mission, 
near Coilingwood, for two 
and one half years. In 
July, 1888, he took charge 
at Stayner and Sunnidale, 
Ont., and resigned at Easter, 
1893, and then took charge 
at Holland, Man., June 25th, 
1893. When Mr. Cooper 
became incumbent here, the 
church was in a weak condition, but it 
is already prospering, and the congre- 
gation is about to erect a new church 
building, which will cost about $2,500. 
He has always been an energetic, 
painstaking and successful man, and in 
all his charges, has done good work, 
and he is only repeating in Holland 
what he has done elsewhere. Mr. 
Cooper is a P.M. in the A.F. & A.M. 
He was married July 2oth, 1864, to 
Miss Selina Caroline, daughter of the 
late Peter Ruthven of Hamilton, Ont. 
His family consists of seven sons and 
two daughters, living, and one son 
deceased. 



240 




LAWSON, Ph. 
D., LL.D., F.I.C., 
Halifax, N.S., was born at 
Newport, Parish of Forgan, 
Fifeshire, Scotland, October 
I2th, 1827. His early edu- 
cation was received at a 
private school, from which 
he entered the University 
of Edinburgh, and devoted 
his attention to the natural 
and physical sciences. His 
studies at Edinburgh ex- 
tended over a period of ten 
years, during which, he was 
occupied with scientific and 
literary work. He was 
curator of the University 
Herbarium, until it was re- 
moved to the Royal Botanic 
Garden. He assisted Prof. 
Balfour in class work, con- 
ducted a select class in his- 
tology for advanced stu- 
dents, and taught the use of 
the microscope and the me- 
thods of research in regard 
to plants. On the death of 
Dr. Fleming, professor of 
natural science, Dr. Law- 
son, in conjunction with 
the late Andrew Murray, 
continued the lectures. For his work in 
preparing and carrying through the 
press, the catalogue of the library of 
the Royal Society of Edinburgh, he 
was complimented by Sir R. Christison, 
in his presidental address. In 1858, 
he accepted the appointment of profes- 
sor of chemistry and natural history in 
Queen's University, Kingston, Out. 
On leaving for Canada, he was pre- 
sented with a purse of sovereigns, and 
a valuable silver salver, in order that, 
as one of the speakers said at his fare- 
well meeting : " Canadians might know 
what Scotland thought of his services." 
Dr. Lawson filled his position in 




Queen's College, Kingston, with much 
acceptance until 1863, when he re- 
signed and accepted his present profes- 
sorship. The space allotted to his 
biography will not admit the details of 
his success, nor afford room for the 
mention of his connection with all the 
important literary and scientific socie- 
ties in this and the old land. In reli- 
gion the Doctor is a member of the 
Church of Scotland, and Conservative 
in politics. He was married twice : 
first, to Lucy, daughter of Charles 
Stapley, Chelsea, Eng., and second, to 
Caroline Matilda, daughter of Wm. 
Jordan, Rosehall, Halifax, N.S. 



OR CAN An A. 



241 




/CLEX. W. MACRAE, A.M., Bar- 
X\ nster-at-Law, St. John, N.B., 
VS> was born at St. John's, New- 
foundland. His parents were Donald 
and Catherine H. (McLea) Macrae; 
his father being a Presbyterian Clergy- 
man, whose biography appears in this 
volume. His paternal grandfather was 
a clergyman of the Church of Scotland, 
well known as a polemic writer, in the 
days of the disruption. His maternal 
grandfather, the Hon. Kenneth McLea, 
was a prominent merchant of St. John's, 
Newfoundland, and a member of the 
Legislative Council of that colony. He 
received his education at the common 



schools of N.S. and N.B., graduating 
from Dalhousie College, Halifax, B.A., 
in 1886, matriculated with high honors 
into the University of London, Eng., 
in 1887, an d passed the intermediate 
L.L.B. examination of that institution, 
in 1889. He afterwards graduated 
A.M., from Harvard University. He 
was mathematical teacher in the St. 
John Grammar School, for about a 
year and a half, and was called to the 
Bar in Oct., 1889. He is a member of 
the Masonic Order, K. of P., Orange As- 
sociation, I. O.K., and St. Andrew's So- 
ciety. In politics, he is a Liberal-Conser- 
vative, and in religion, a Presbyterian. 

16 



CANADA, 




CHARLES FERGIE, Agent and 
I Manager of the Intercolonial 

^^^"^ Coal Mining Co., limited., 
Westville, N. S., was born November 
29th, 1857, at Wigan, Lancashire, Eng. 
He is the son of Thomas Francis 
Fergie, B.D., vicar of Ince, honorary, 
canon of Liverpool, chairman of the 
Wigan Mining and Technical School, 
a clergyman widely known and greatly 
respected, both for his ability and his 
kind manner. Mr. Fergie was educated 
at the Wigan Grammar schools and the 
Wigan Mining School, graduating with 
distinction. After completing his edu- 
cation, he learned the profession of 



mining engineer, which occupation he 
has followed up to the present time 
with gratifying success. He has held 
positions of great responsibility, which, 
by his skill and industry, he has filled 
with much satisfaction. In his present 
responsible position, he enjoys the con- 
fidence of the Intercolonial Coal Mining 
Company, and is greatly respected by 
those who are under him and looked 
up to by the community in which he 
lives. In religion, he is a member of 
the Church of England. He was mar- 
ried, March 22nd, 1893, to Mary Camp- 
bell, daughter of Howard Primrose, 
Esq., Pictou County, N.S. 



243 



JOHN RUTHERFORD, Stellar- 
ton, N.S., the first Government 
Inspector of Mines for Nova 
Scotia, is a native of Durham County, 
England. He was educated at a private 
school, and when sixteen was placed 
with a civil engineer of considerable 
repute, at Hartlepool, after which he 
spent two years in the engine build- 
ing shops of the now well-known Har- 
tlepool Engine Works of Thomas Rich- 
ardson & Sons. Here he gained such 
a practical knowledge of machinery, as 
was very valuable in after life. He 
abandoned civil engineering, however, 
and was articled to Mr. George (now 
Sir George) Elliot, the emi- 
nent mining engineer and 
coal owner, after which he 
was placed in a position 
which enabled him to gain 
an intimate knowledge of 
the difficulties in sinking 
through the Magnesian 
limestone and beds of quick- 
sand, and the mode of over- 
coming them, at the Seaham 
and Seaton collieries. About 
this time, Mr. Rutherford, 
entered the office of a firm 
of land and mining survey- 
ors, where he remained 
until appointed mining as- 
sistant of Lord Durham's 
extensive collieries, which 
office he held for some years. 
In 1865, Mr. Rutherford, 
being strongly recommend- 
ed, was engaged as inspector 
of mines for the province of 
Nova Scotia. He held that 
position for six years, after 
which he resigned to become 
the general manager of the 
General Mining Association 
of London, which position 
he held for five years, after 
which he followed a private 



professional practice. In 1880, when 
the explosion took place in the Albion 
Mines, he was summoned, from Eng- 
land, to assist in replacing the mines in 
a productive condition. He was subse- 
quently appointed manager, in which 
position he remained until the Vale and 
Halifax companies were amalgamated 
with the Acadia Coal Co. He was ap- 
pointed, by the Dominion Government, 
a member of the Advisory Board, for the 
Philadelphia Exhibition, in 1876, and 
was one of the superintendents of the 
collection of minerals sent there. He 
was also, for some years, examiner in 
mining at King's College, Windsor, N.S. 




244 




STEELE CURRY, 

City Comptroller, Winnipeg, 
Manitoba, was born in Syd- 
ney, C.B., in 1852, and was edu- 
cated at a private school. He en- 
tered the service of the Glasgow and 
Cape Breton Coal and Railway Co., at 
an early age, and at the time of the com- 
pany's snspension ; owing to the severe 
depression in the coal trade in 1874, 
occupied the position of cashier and 
paymaster. In June of that year, he 
joined the North- West Mounted Police 
at Toronto, and served under Colonel 
French in the celebrated march to Fort 
Whoopup and return. This, at the 




time, was claimed to be the longest 
continuous march of a military force 
on record, the distance covered being 
2,200 miles. The North-West was 
then to a large extent in a rough state, 
and many privations and hardships 
were experienced during the march. 
In June 1875, Mr. Curry resigned from 
the N.-W. Mounted Police, and was 
appointed commissariat officer for the 
C.P.R. surveys in the Lake of the 
Woods district. Two years later, he 
was transferred to Winnipeg, as ac- 
countant in the office of the paymaster 
and purveyor. On the retirement of 
Mr. Nixon, Mr. Curry was placed in 
charge as accountant and 
paymaster at Winnipeg, 
and continued in this office 
until the final winding up, 
in 1884, of the Government 
business in connection with 
the C.P.R., being latterly 
employed in the Department 
of Railways at Ottawa, ad- 
justing Government con- 
tract claims. In Aug., 1884, 
he was appointed auditor of 
the city of Winnipeg, and 
subsequently city comptrol- 
ler, which position he now 
fills. Mr. Curry is a member 
of the trading firm of Brown 
& Curry, Edmonton, Al- 
berta, a director of the 
North-West Fire Insurance 
Co., and is identified with 
various local institutions. 
He is one of the largest 
holders of Winnipeg real 
estate, and has unbounded 
faith in the future of Mani- 
toba and the North-West. 
His early experience in 
that new country, has en- 
abled him to render valuable 
service in opening up its 
vast resources. 



2 45 





,EV. ARCHIBALD BOWMAN, 
Presbyterian Clergyman, New 
Glasgow, N. S., was' born 
April 24th, 1841, at Cadder, near Glas- 
gow, Scotland. He is the son of Jas. 
and Jean (Buchanan) Bowman, now 
deceased ; the former was a farmer and 
grain miller. Mr. Bowman received his 
primary education at the parish school 
of Cadder, and continued his higher 
education at Glasgow University. He 
was ordained in 1872 to Braemer Chap- 
el, Aberdeenshire. Prior to that, he 
was assistant in St. John's Church and 
to Rev. Dr. Macleod, Park Church, 
editor of Good Words, and afterwards 



became minister of Forglen, Banffshire. 
Mr. Bowman is also a member of the 
Independent Order of Oddfellows. In 
politics, he is a Conservative. He is a 
prominent minister in his denomination, 
and is an ex-moderator of his Synod. 
He is an able preacher, active in all 
that concerns the welfare of his church, 
or the moral uplifting of the cominu- 
nity, and his entire ministry has been 
marked by success. He was married, 
March loth, 1874, to Miss Helen Mac- 
lean, daughter of John and Isabella 
Gemmell Maclean, of Glasgow, Scot- 
land. His family consists of two sons 
and one daughter. 





,EV. THOMAS GUMMING, 
Pastor of St. Andrew's Church, 
Truro, N.S., is a native of 
Stellarton, Pictou County, N.S., but of 
Scotch parentage. He received his 
education, first in his native village, 
and afterwards continued it at the New 
Glasgow Grammar School and the 
Halifax Academy. He received his 
theological education in the Presbyte- 
rian College, Halifax, N.S., and was 
ordained to the ministry in 1863. He 
afterwards visited the leading colleges 
of the Dominion, as well as of the 
United States, Scotland and Ireland. 
He was nine years pastor of Sharon 



Church, Stellarton, from which he was 
called to Calvin Church, Montreal, 
succeeding the Rev. Dr. Scriniger. In 
1884, he succeeded Dr. Burrows, as 
pastor of St. Andrew's Church, Truro. 
In 1890, he, in company with his 
brother, Rev. Robert Gumming, tra- 
velled round the globe. The Presbyte- 
rian Record, for 1891, contains sketches 
of his travels in the Holy Land. 
Under Mr. Cumining's pastorate, the 
congregation, at Truro, is in a flourish- 
ing condition. In 1874, he was married 
to Tillie McNairn, of Quebec. He has 
three sons, one of whom is studying 
with a view to entering the ministry. 



MEN 



247 




,KV. JOHN JOSEPH CHIS- 
HOLM, P.P., Pictou, N.S., 
was born at Heatherton, 
March 3 ist, 1840. He is the son of 
Alexander Chisholm and Catherine 
Chisholm. The former was a native 
of Strathglass, Invernesshire, Scotland, 
and came to Canada in 1818, locating 
at Heatherton, County of Antigonish, 
N.S., where he died, October, 1879. 
Father Chisholm was educated at the 
school of Heatherton, and the Gram- 
mar School, St. Andrew's. In 1857, 
he entered St. Francis Xavier College, 
Antigonish, where he finished his 
course, preparatory to entering upon 




the study of divinity. In 1862, he 
entered the Sulpician Grand Seminary, 
Montreal, where he continued his stud- 
ies until the end of the year 1865, when 
he was ordained priest, by Archbishop 
Lynch, of Toronto, December 1 7th, 1865. 
Immediately after ordination, he be- 
came one of the assistant priests of St. 
Patrick's, Montreal, where he remained 
for about four months, when he returned 
to his native diocese. In May of the 
same year, he was given charge of the 
mission of Broad Cove, but the mission 
of Margaree being vacant, and much in 
need of the services of a priest, at the 
time, he was sent, after six weeks' work 
in Broad Cove, to take 
charge of the latter mission, 
where he remained until 
October, 1875. On the ist 
November, 1875, he took 
charge of the mission of 
Heatherton, where he served 
until the ist of November, 
1892, when he was put in 
charge of the mission of 
Pictou, where he still conti- 
nues. When Father Chis- 
holm left Heatherton, he 
was presented with a purse 
of money and other tokens, 
from his parishioners, as an 
expression of their good 
will towards him, and while 
regretting his departure 
from among them, wished 
him every success in his 
new field. Although coming 
to Pictou, almost an entire 
stranger, it was not long 
before he had won the hearts 
of his people there. Father 
Chisholm has had four bro- 
thers and three sisters, only 
one brother of whom is 
living, namely : Rev. Ar- 
chibald Chisholm, P. P., 
Judique, N. S. 



248 



JOHN SUTHERLAND, farmer, 
Kildonan, Man., was born De- 
cember 23rd, 1837, i n Kildo- 
nan, Red River Settlement. His father 
was Alexander Sutherland, who came 
to the settlement in 1823, anc ^ was one 
of that body of sturdy Presbyterians, 
that strove so long to get a minister of 
their own church, for the settlers, and 
in 1853, visited Toronto, to secure the 
return of their minister, the late Dr. 
Black, to his distant parish. His 
mother was Christina McBeath, who 
was born in Kildonan, in 1816. Her 
parents were among Lord Selkirk's 
early settlers. Mr. Sutherland is one 
of our many self edu- 
cated men, being at school 
only a short time. He is 
an ardent social reformer, 
taking a deep interest in the 
promotion of temperance, 
and is a strong prohibition- 
ist. He is a "Templar," 
and has been president of 
his lodge. He has always 
taken a deep interest in 
public affairs, and has been 
for some years a member of 
the Kildonan Council. In 
politics, Mr. Sutherland is, 
from conviction, a Liberal. 
From 1871 to 1878, he re- 
presented Kildonan in the 
Legislative Assembly, and 
took an active part in the 
legislation of that formative 
period. He had the honor 
of introducing, in 1871, the 
first bill dealing with Pub- 
lic Education in Manitoba. 
This bill was thoroughly 
non-sectarian, as Mr. Suther- 
land is opposed to class 
legislation of every kind. 
In him, corruption, in any 
party, finds an uncompro- 
mising opponent. In re- 



ligion, he is a Presbyterian, and has 
long been an elder, having been ordain- 
ed, in 1867,. by the Rev. Dr. Black, for 
whom he has ever had the warmest 
friendship. Since 1879, he has been 
superintendent of the Sunday School of 
the Congregation, and conducts the 
Bible Class. He has been a member 
of the Board of Management of Man- 
itoba College from its foundation, and 
called the first meeting to take steps to 
erect a building for the College in Kild- 
onan. In 1862, he was married to Flora, 
daughter of Hugh and Jannet Poison, 
both among Lord Selkirk's settlers. He 
has two sons and three daughters. 




249 




_X^ 

URED. LAWRENCE SCHAFF- 

jj NER, M.D., C.M., Boissevaiu, 
Man., was born August iSth, 
1854, in Williamston, N.S. His parents 
were William C. and Azuba (Phinney) 
Schaffner. Dr. Schaffner received his 
education at the Williamston public 
school, Truro Normal School, Horton 
Academy, and Acadia University, gra- 
duating B.A., from the latter, in June, 
1882, from which time, until 1884, he 
taught school at Rapid City, Manitoba. 
He then attended Trinity Medical 
School, Toronto, graduating in 1887, 
subsequently taking a Post graduate 
course in New York City. He settled 



at Boissevain shortly after graduation, 
and has been conducting a very suc- 
cessful practice there ever since. His 
grandfather, Caleb Schaffner, was a 
noted Colonel in the Canadian forces. 
Dr. Schaffner is health officer, president 
of the Liberal-Conservative Association 
of Boissevain, was the Conservative 
candidate for the Local House in 1892. 
He was married, April iQth, 1887, to 
Miss Christina, daughter of J. D. Allan, 
Esq., now of Neepawa, Man. His fam- 
ily consists of one daughter. Dr. 
Schaffner is a P. M. Mason, and a 
Past Noble Grand in the I.O.O.F. In 
religion, he is a Baptist. 



250 



MEN OR 





ON. JOHN CRAWFORD, ex- 
M.P.P., general merchant, Nee- 
pawa, Manitoba, was born 
June 17th, 1856,111 Ashneld Township, 
Huron County, Ont. His parents, 
James and Catherine (McGregor) Craw- 
ford, settled in Neepawa district, in 
1877. He received his education in the 
Port Albert public school, and after 
spending six years in a flour mill, at 
Port Albert, removed to Gladstone, Man. 
In 1876, he took up land in Neepawa 
district, and carried on an implement 
business also, until 1883, when he re- 
moved to the town, and conducted the 
implement, lumber and grain business, 



until August, 1890, when he opened a 
general store. He was elected to Coun- 
cil, in 1884, and was, for some years, 
Reeveof Rosedale municipality. At the 
time of the outbreak of the North- 
West Rebellion, he raised a company 
of volunteers, which was attached to the 
95th Battalion, and was ga/etted as cap- 
tain. He was elected M.P.P. for Beauti- 
ful Plains, in 1886 and 1888, but was 
defeated by Mr. Davidson in 1892. 
Mr. Crawford is a Presbyterian in 
religion, and a member of the I.O.O.F. 
He was married, February 2oth, 1881, 
to Miss Matilda, daughter of \V. J. 
Hayden, of Ashneld, Out. 



MEN OF 



251 



JOHN McINTYRK, 
Indian Agent, Fort 
William, Ont, was 
born in 1818, in Lochgoil- 
head, Argyleshire, Scotland. 
His parents were Nichol 
.and Violet (Campbell) Mc- 
lntyre. He was educated 
at the village of Glenorchy, 
and afterwards at Glasgow, 
Scotland. Mr. Mclntyre 
has been brought up with 
the Hudson's Bay Co., coin- 
ing to this country, in 1841, 
with Sir George Simpson's 
party, on his trip around 
the world, crossing the con- 
tinents of America, Asia 
and Europe, in nineteen 
months and twenty-six days, 
a truly wonderful per- 
formance in those days. 
After this trip, in the Spring 
of 1844, ne took charge of a 
post on the St. Lawrence 
River, thence to Brunswick 
House, North of Lake Su- 
perior, then to Fort William, 
Lake Superior, where he 
remained in charge for 
twenty-four years, retiring 
as factor. He then entered 
the Civil Service, as Indian Agent, in 
charge of the Savanne Agency (Mani- 
toba jurisdiction). He has had a long 
and intimate acquaintance with the 
country and the Indians from Moose 
Factory, Hudson's Bay, to the St. Law- 
rence River. He has acted as Magis- 
trate since 1866, and has also received 
various commissions, from time to time, 
from the government, in the interests 
of law and order, and has served as 
Councillor in his municipality. In 
politics, Mr. Mclntyre is a Conserva- 
tive, and in religion, a Presbyterian. 
Concerning his retirement from the 
Hudson's Bay Co., Harper s Magazine 




remarks : '' The chief glory of Fort 
William has, however, passed away in 
the retirement of Mr. Mclntyre, the 
last of the local factors, who looked like 
an old Scotch laird with his ruddy face, 
shaggy eye brows and a white tas- 
seled cap that covered locks as white 
as the northern snows, among which 
he has spent his life." He rendered 
most valuable service in instructing 
the troops how to go West during the 
first Riel Rebellion. Mr. Mclntyre was 
married, in 1849, to Jane Stone, of 
Bristol, England, who died in 1886, 
and by whom he has two sons and 
three daughters, living. 



252 



MEN 




\\/M. BEATTY, M.A., LL.B., 
T ^ general merchant, Parry Sound, 
Ont.. was born in Ireland in 1835, and 
came to Canada with his parents in the 
same year. He was educated at Vic- 
toria University, where he took the 
degree of B.A. in 1860, M.A. in 1863, 
and LL.B. in 1864. In 1865, he was 
elected to the Board and Senate of Vic- 
toria University, continuing a member 
by re-election for about twenty-five 
years. In 1863, Mr. Beatty became a 
Parliamentary candidate for Welland, 
in the Reform interest. In 1867, he 
ran for Welland in the Provincial 
Legislature, and for Algoma in the Do- 



minion Parliament, and was 
elected for Weiland by a 
large majority. In 1863, in 
association with his brother, 
J. H. Beatty, of Sarnia, and 
his father, Mr. Beatty, pur- 
chased the Parry Sound 
estate, and subsequently 
acquired their interest by 
purchase, thus becoming 
the sole owner of the estate. 
The development of this 
large and important in- 
terest, commercially, soci- 
ally and morally, has in a 
great measure constituted 
his life work. Parry Sound 
was founded by him, and 
from a small beginning has 
now grown to a town of 
more than 2,000 inhabitants, 
with large lumbering and 
shipping interests, and pros- 
pects of a valuable railway 
connection now rapidly ap- 
proaching completion. Mr. 
Beatty is a Methodist in 
religion, and while devoted 
to his church, is always 
ready to help forward the 
work of any other denomin- 
ation. He has been a 
member of every General Conference 
of the Methodist Church of Canada, 
since the first union, and of every An- 
nual Conference since the introduction 
of laymen. He has always taken a 
deep interest in the cause of temperance 
and prohibition, inserting a prohibitory 
clause in all his deeds of town property 
from himself. Mr. Beatty has also 
been largely instrumental in bringing 
Parry Sound under local prohibition. 
In 1873, he was married to Isabel Eliza, 
daughter of the late J. G. Bowes, Esq., 
for many years mayor of Toronto. His 
family consists of four daughters and 
one sou. 



CANADA. 




TV/ILLIAM A. DONALD, B.A., 

* + Solicitor, and senior member 
of the firm of Fraser & Co., bankers, 
Pilot Mound, Manitoba, was born 
June 9th, 1849, i* 1 Northumberland 
County, Ont. His parents were Alex- 
ander and Jean (Scott) Donald, both 
Scotch. Mr. Donald obtained his edu- 
cation in the public schools of North- 
umberland County, the Collegiate 
Institute, Kingston, and Queen's Uni- 
versity, graduating iu 1873. He then 
taught in the High School of Almonte. 
He subsequently studied law with the 
late J. S. Fead, of Orangeville, Ont., 
and continued his studies in Alliston 



and Toronto. He became a solicitor in 
1879, and practiced in Orangeville, 
Out., until 1882, when he removed to 
Winnipeg, Man. The same year he 
settled in Pilot Mound, and opened a 
law office. In 1883, he embarked in 
the banking business with his present 
partner. He was mayor of Pilot 
Mound, in 1884 and 1885, and is the 
present treasurer of the municipality of 
Louise. He belongs to the Masonic 
Order. In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian, and in politics, a Conservative. 
On July 4th, 1883, he married Lucy, 
daughter of the late James Holden, of 
Orangeville, Ont. He has one daughter. 



254 





,EV. THOMAS HENRY JACK- 
SON WALTON, B.A., Rector 
of St. Thomas Episcopal 
Church, Morden, Manitoba, was born 
August 1 8th, 1866, at Dharwar, Cent- 
ral India. His parents, Rev. William 
and Mary (McNeil) Walton, his father 
being of English and his mother of 
Scotch descent. Mr. Walton, Sr., en- 
tered the ministry in September, 1887, 
and was ordained priest, at Win- 
nipeg, in 1888. He was stationed 
at Clearwater, and subsequently at 
Morden, where he was Rural Dean 
until succeeded by his son, November 
6th, 1891. Rev. T. H. J. Walton 



began his education at Allesley Park 
College, England, and subsequently 
attended King's College, London, Eng. 
In 1 88 1, he came to Ontario, and in 
1885, he removed to Manitoba. In 
1887, he entered St. John's College, 
Winnipeg, graduating in arts in 1890, 
from the University of Manitoba. He 
was ordained deacon in 1890, and 
priest in 1892, by Bishop Machray. His 
first charge was Melita, and in Novem- 
ber, 1891, he was appointed to his present 
charge. He married, November 6th, 
1891, Miss Louisa J., daughter of John 
Wilson, Esq., of Maringhurst, Man., 
by whom he has one son. 



MEN OK 



255 




4 TENRY LAWRANCE STUR- 
<3 ]H DEE, M.A., High Sheriff of the 
VS> City and County of St. John, 
N.B., was born April nth, 1842, in St. 
John, N.B. His parents were Henry 
Parker Sturdee and Emily Lawrance, his 
wife, both natives of England. Mr. Stur- 
dee was educated at private schools in St. 
John, the Collegiate School, Frederic- 
ton, N.B.,and King's College, Freder- 
icton, (now the University of New 
Brunswick). He matriculated in Sep- 
tember, 1858, was awarded the Douglas 
Gold Medal in June, 1859, graduated 
B.A. in 1861, and M.A. in 1863. He 
studied law in St. John, with Messrs. 



Gray & Kaye, barristers ; 
was admitted an Attorney 
in 1864, and called to the 
Bar in 1865, and has since 
practiced his profession in 
St. John. He was appoint- 
ed a referee of the Supreme 
Court of New Brunswick, 
Equity Side, in 1886, and 
was appointed Sheriff in 
April, 1893. He was elected 
an alderman for ward four, 
of the city of Portland, (now 
forming part of the city of 
St. John), in 1883, 1884 and 
1885. He was also elected 
a councillor of the munici- 
pality of St. John in 1883, 
and served five years in 
that capacity. He was cho- 
sen warden of the munici- 
pality in April, 1884 and 
1885. In April, 1886, he 
was elected mayor of Port- 
laud, and was re-elected by 
acclamation the following 
year. Sheriff Sturdee be- 
longs to the Church of Eng- 
land, and has been vestry 
clerk and treasurer of Tri- 
nity Church, St.John, since 
1871, and secretary-treasu- 
rer of the Madras School, in New 
Brunswick, since 1877. He is Wor- 
shipful Master of the Union Lodge of 
Portland, A.F. & A.M., is a member 
of the New Brunswick Royal Arch 
Chapter, and of the Encampment of 
St John (Knights Templar). He was 
two years vice-president and two years 
president of St. George's Society, and 
is Lieutenant-Colonel of the 3rd St. 
John Reserve Militia. Sheriff Sturdee 
was married, September 26th, 1866, to 
Jane Agnes, daughter of the late Win. 
R. Fraser, Esq., M.D., of Edinburgh, 
Scotland. His family consists of three 
sons and two daughters. 



2 5 6 



<<7XUNCAN MAcAR- 
1 THUR, ex^M.P.P., 
Banker, Winnipeg, 
Man., was born May 29th, 
1840, at Achneim, Nairn- 
shire, Scotland . His parents 
were John and Sarah (Dal- 
las) MacArthur, his father's 
ancestors coming to Nairn- 
shire about 300 years ago, 
while his mother was a 
direct descendent of the 
Dallases, of Budgate, an old 
country family which have 
been settled in Nairnshire, 
for over 600 years. Mr. 
MacArthur received his edu- 
cation at the Free Church 
Academy, Nairn. In 1865, 
he came to Canada, and en- 
tered the Hudson's Bay 
Company's service at Mont- 
real, in that year, remaining 
with them until 1872, when 
he removed to Manitoba, to 
establish a branch of the 
Merchants' Bank of Canada, 
which was the first branch of 
a chartered bank established 
in the Province of Mani- 
toba. He retired from this 
bank, however, in 1883, and 
two years later organized the Com- 
mercial Bank of Manitoba, which, in 
the panic of 1893, was compelled to 
suspend payment, but, which was quite 
solvent, and it is intended to organize 
a new bank. Mr. MacArthur has been 
instrumental in bringing millions of 
dollars of English capital into Manitoba, 
which almost entirely entered public 
enterprises. He has always been very 
sanguine as regards the capabilities of 
the province, and has sought to supply 
the needs of the young and growing 
colony. He was instrumental in form- 
ing the Manitoba and North-West 
Railway Co., whose presidency he re- 




signed in favor of Sir Hugh Allan, 
when he took a controlling interest 
in the road. He also organized the 
North-West Fire Insurance Co. He 
takes an active interest in promoting 
the Hudson's Bay Railway, of which he 
is one of the original incorporators, and 
is vice-president of the Northern Pacific 
and Manitoba Railway. In politics, he is 
an Independent, and represented Assini- 
boia in the Provincial Parliament in 
1888. In religion, he is a Presbyterian. 
Mr. MacArthur married, in 1886, Eliza- 
beth, second daughter of the late Hon. 
C. -J. McKearney, M.P., and has a son 
and daughter by former marriage. 



IVIKN OK 



257 





. D. J. McINTOSH, Parish 
Priest, North Sydney, Nova 
Scotia, was born November 
25th, 1849, at South River, St. An- 
drew's Parish, Antigonish County, N.S. 
He is the son of Colin Mclntosh and 
Janet McDonald, the former being a 
native of South River, and the latter of 
Little Harbour, Pictou County. His 
grandfather came from Scotland in 
1801. Father Mclntosh was educated 
at St. Francois Xavier College, Anti- 
gonish, and received his theological 
training at Laval University, Quebec. 
He was ordained priest, June 8th, 1873, 
by Cardinal Taschereau. He was first 



located at Cow Bay, N.S., where he 
remained from July, 1873, until Nov- 
ember, 1877, then from November, 
1877, until 1878, he was at L'Ardoise, 
Richmond County, C.B., and from that 
time until the present at North Sidney, 
the parish of Sydney Mines also being 
under his charge, until August, 1884. 
From 1884 to 1888, that parish was 
under Rev. Dr. A. Cameron, and from 
1888 until 1892, it was again under 
Rev. Father Mclntosh. Father Mc- 
lntosh belongs to the C. M. B. A., 
and at present holds the office of 
District Deputy. He takes no interest 
in party politics. 

'7 



258 




<^TNUNCAN MCDONALD GOR- 

) DON, M.D., Physician and 
Surgeon, Lucknow, Ont., was 
born at St. Helen's, Huron County, 
Ont., March i2th, 1859. His parents 
were John E. and Jane (McDonald) 
Gordon, the former, a native of Forfar, 
and the latter, of Inverness, Scotland. 
Dr. Gordon was raised on a farm, and 
educated at the common schools. He 
then spent five years in general mer- 
chant business, but on account of ill- 
health, changed his course. He is lar- 
gely a self-educated man, having studied 
the higher branches without the aid of a 
teacher. He taught school very suc- 



cessfully for three years, and then 
entered Trinity Medical College, gradu- 
ating in the Spring of 1886. He im- 
mediatel}' began practice in Auburn, 
where he remained four years, removing 
to Lucknow, in 1890, where he enjoys 
an extensive practice. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic, I.O.O.F., I.O.F., 
C.O.F., A.O.U.W. and S.O.S. orders. 
He has never aspired to municipal 
honors, preferring to devote his full 
time to his practice. In politics, he is a 
Liberal, and in religion, a Presbyterian. 
In June, 1888, he married Ida Lurenia, 
daughter of Wm. A. Harrison, of West- 
field, by whom he has two daughters. 



MLKN OK 



259 





,EV. DANIEL A. CHISHOLM, 
D.D., Rector of St. Francois- 

Xavier College, Antigonish, 

N.S., was born January Qth, 1859, in 
North Intervale, Guysboro County. 
His parents were Colin Chisholm, Esq., 
and Christina Chisholni, both natives 
of Scotland, the former coming to this 
country in 1842, and the latter in 
1820. Dr. Chisholni began his edu- 
cation in the public schools of his 
native place, he continued it in Guys- 
boro Academy, and at the age of seven- 
teen, entered St. Francois-Xavier Col- 
lege, of which he is now rector. Here 
he spent two years. For eight years 



he was a student of the Propaganda 
College, Rome, where he was ordained 
priest, and where he took his degree in 
Theology in 1888. Since his return to 
Nova Scotia, he has been in various 
capacities attached to the College, 
which has done so much for higher 
education in Eastern Nova Scotia, and 
which, judging from the strides made 
in recent years, is destined to achieve 
yet greater success. Whilst yielding 
to no man his right to hold and express 
his views on political and other ques- 
tions, he feels that he can more effi- 
ciently fulfil his duties, by keeping 
aloof from all political parties. 



26o 





. WELLINGTON BRIDG- 
MAN, Methodist Minister, De- 
loraine, Man., was born 
July 1 2th, 1853, in Halton County, 
Ont. His parents were John and 
Elizabeth (Bradt) Bridgman of U. 
E. Loyalist stock. After completing 
his earlier education, Mr. Bridgman 
preached two years, and finished at 
Victoria College, Cobourg, Ont. He 
was ordained at the Hamilton Con- 
ference, in 1880, after which he was 
stationed at International Bridge, and 
travelled one year in the work. In 
1881, he became Rev. Dr. Young's 
assistant at Emerson , Man. , for one year, 



then assistant to Rev. Thomas Law- 
son, at Brandon one year, after which 
he opened the work at Medicine Hat, 
Assa., where he continued three years. 
He was subsequently three years at 
Fort McLeod, where he built three 
churches and a parsonage. His next 
charge was Morden, Man., where he 
ministered for three years, and was 
appointed to Deloraine, in 1892. He is 
a member of the A.F. & A.M. and 
I.O.F., and in politics, is a Conserv- 
ative. He was married, August i3th, 
1883, to Miss Anne Jane, daughter of 
Samuel Hoag, of Saginaw City, Mich. 
His family consists of four children. 



261 





RIGHT REV. JOHN CAM- 
ERON., D.D., Ph.D., Bishop of 
Antigonish, was born at St. Andrew's, 
Antigonish, N. S., February i6th, 
1827. His parents, John Cameron and 
Christina Macdonald, were natives of 
Scotland. His early education was 
received at St. Andrew's Grammar 
School. In 1844, he was sent to Rome, 
where he pursued his studies until 
1854. In 1851, he received the degree of 
Ph.D., and in 1854, that of D.D. For 
some years he had charge of the 
Library and Museum, and for a time 
acted as rector of the college. In May, 
1854, he left Rome, reaching Arichat, 



N.S., in September, where 
he acted as rector and pro- 
fessor of Classics, in the 
newly established college. 
In June, 1855, he was ap- 
pointed pastor of St. Nin- 
ian's and rector and pro- 
fessor of Sacred Scripture, 
Moral Theology and Ec- 
clesiastical History, in St. 
Francois Xavier's College, 
Antigonish. In 1863, he 
was sent to take charge of 
the Parish of Arichat, where 
he resided until 1 880. Early 
in 1870, he was appointed 
co-adjuter Bishop of Arichat, 
and was consecrated in 
Rome, by Cardinal Cullen, 
Archbishop of Dublin. In 
April, 1871, he was en- 
trusted with an important 
mission to Harbour Grace, 
Newfoundland, by the Holy 
See. In 1877, he was ap- 
pointed Bishop of Arichat. 
In 1880, he was again 
charged with a most delicate 
task, in the Diocese of 
Halifax, and he discharged 
it so as to merit the appro- 
bation and thanks of His 
Holiness. In 1885, he was sent as 
Delegate Apostolic to the Province of 
Quebec, on a very difficult mission, 
which he accomplished with such success 
as to merit and receive the repeated 
thanks and congratulations of the Pope. 
The speedy abolition of the crushing 
diocesan debt, the flourishing state of the 
new College at Antigonish, the eight 
successful convents he has added, and 
the ten new parishes he has established, 
prove the success of his administration. 
In 1886, the title of the See of Arichat 
was changed into that of Antigonish, 
where he took up his permanent resi- 
dence, in 1880. 



262 



TfA. FAIRCHILD, 

I Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
wholesale and retail 
dealer in plows, carriages, 
threshers, etc., was born 
December yth, 1849, i n 
Oakland, Brant County, 
Ont. His father, F. G. Fair- 
child, who is still living, is 
the son of Isaac Fairchild, 
who was the first white 
settler in Brant County, 
south-west of the Grand 
River, and for years was 
Indian agent over the 
famous Joseph Brant. He 
came to Canada, in 1784, 
and settled on a farm in 
Brant County, which has 
remained in the possession 
of the family ever since. 
The mother of our subject, 
was Priscilla, J. Harris, 
daughter of the late Rev. 
John Harris, but now de- 
ceased. Mr. Fairchild was 
educated at the Mount Plea- 
sant, Out., schools. When 
seventeen years of age, he 
entered mercantile life, as a 
dry goods clerk at Dundas, 
where he remained one 
year. Then, after one year as imple- 
ment agent for A. Harris, of Beams- 
ville, Ont., he went to Illinois, U.S. 
In 1878, he removed to Manitoba, 
taking a car load of horses and imple- 
ments, being a pioneer in the latter 
business. He soon after entered into 
partnership with H. S. Westbrook, 
which was dissolved in 1888, when he 
decided to establish a wholesale busi- 
ness of his own, which now extends 
from Ontario to the Pacific Coast, and 
embraces the goods of the Gananoque 
Carriage Co., Moline Wagon Co., Deere 
Plow Co., Wm. Deering's goods, thresh- 
ers, and the Lundy and Fairchild 




" Baud Cutter and Feeder," the latter 
implement being a most invaluable 
device of immense labor saving value. 
In politics, Mr. Fairchild is an In- 
dependent, a man who has the courage 
of his convictions, strongly, " Canada 
First." He is very prominent in the 
Masonic Order, being a Knight Tem- 
plar, and holds the 32nd degree in the 
Scottish rite. In 1871, Mr. Fairchild 
was married to Miss Mary Ida Bald- 
win, daughter of the late A. N. Bald- 
win, Esq., well-known as the "Cattle 
King" of Green Bush, Warren County, 
111. His family consists of one son 
and four daughters. 



MKN OR CANADA. 



263 








7T NDREW FRANCIS McAVEN- 
ZC\ NEY, D.D.S., practicing den- 
V tist, St. John, N.B.,was born 
November 6th, 1844, * n that city. His 
parents were Francis McAvenney and 
Ellen McAvenney, both natives of Ire- 
land. Dr. McAvenney was educated in 
the schools of St. John, N.B., the Holy 
Cross College, Worcester, Mass., and 
St. Mary's College, Montreal, P. Q. 
He graduated in dentistry in Philadel- 
phia, Pa., in 1867, and is the oldest 
practicing dentist in the province of 
New Brunswick. His long experience 
has gained for him one of the largest 
dental connections in his community, 



and the confidence of the public gen- 
erally. He was the first president 
elected for the New Brunswick Dental 
Society, and is now a member of the 
Dental Council. He is well known for 
his professional skill, and highly es- 
teemed for those sterling qualities which 
so materially aid an individual in be- 
coming an important factor in the com- 
monwealth. In politics, he is a Liberal, 
and in religion, a Roman Catholic. He 
was married, September ayth, 1882, to 
Miss Mary E. Watters, daughter of the 
late Hon. Judge Watters, of St. John, 
N.B. His family consists of three 
children, one son and two daughters. 



264 



MEN OB" CANADA. 





,EV. THOS. C. BUCHANAN, 
Pastor of the Methodist Church, 

Carberry, Manitoba, was 

born October 6th, 1850, in the Town- 
ship of Goulbourn, Carleton County, 
Ontario. His parents were Francis 
and Margaret (Huston) Buchanan, 
natives of the North of Ireland, who 
are referred to in Vol. II. of this 
series. After leaving the public schools, 
Mr. Buchanan attended the Grammar 
School at Richmond, Ont., and after 
teaching for some time attended the 
Collegiate Institute, Cobourg, Ont., 
matriculating into Victoria University, 
in 1879. He entered the Montreal 



Conference of the Methodist Church, 
in the Spring of 1881, and labored 
at Mallorytown, and at Cataraqui. In 
the Spring of 1884, he removed to 
Iowa, U.S., and was ordained a deacon, 
in the M. E. Church at Spirit Lake, 
in the Fall of the same year. He 
removed to Rossburn, Man., in 1885, 
and was ordained at Winnipeg, in 1886. 
He was then stationed at Birtle for 
three years, Crystal City for a similar 
period, and was appointed to Carberry, 
in June, 1892. Mr. Buchanan married 
Miss Julia Ann, daughter of Henry S. 
Judd, of Mollorytown, Ont., by whom 
he has four sons. 



CANADA. 



265 





J. MAcDONALD, Mer- 
chant, M.P.P., Sydney, N.S., was 
born January i7th, 1847, at 
Lock Lomond, Cape Breton, N.S. He 
is the son of John MacDonald and 
Catharine MacDonald, the former being 
a farmer, and residing at Lock Lomond, 
and the latter deceased. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of Lock Lomond, 
C.B., where he received a good practical 
education. For some years, he has 
been engaged in his present business, 
which he has made a great success of. 
Mr. MacDonald belongs to the Free 
Masons and Odd Fellows. He repre- 
sents Cape Breton County in the Local 



House, in the interests of the Liberal 
party. Was warden of Cape Breton 
County for two years, namely : 1883-84, 
councillor for Cape Breton twice, from 
1883 to 1887, and was elected M.P.P., 
in May, 1890. In religion, he is a 
Presbyterian, and a trustee of St. And- 
rew's Church, Sydney. Mr. MacDon- 
ald was married, in 1875, to Miss Har- 
riet, daughter of the late Win. Moore- 
house, who was for twenty-two years 
in the Royal Artillery, where he was 
very highly esteemed, receiving many 
papers and medals, for his faithful ser- 
vice to the British Army. His family 
consists of four sons and four daughters. 



266 




JAMES ALIC PATERSON, 
M.D., C.M., Killarney, Man., 
was born April i6th, 1865, at 
Port Elgin, Ont. His parents were Dr. 
James R. and Constance Paterson, na- 
tives of Dumfriesshire, Scotland. The 
former has for many years conducted a 
very successful practice at Port Elgin. 
Dr. Paterson was educated in the pub- 
lic school of Tiverton, Walkerton High 
School and Queen's University. He 
graduated in medicine from the Royal 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
May 22nd, 1889. Both in his classical 
and professional studies, he was a 
bright student, standing well in his 



classes and gave bright promise for the 
future. After graduation, he practiced 
with his father at Port Elgin, for one 
year, and in July, 1890, commenced the 
practice of his profession in Killarney, 
where he has remained ever since with 
his practice constantly increasing. He 
is also health officer for the Municipal- 
ity and a coroner for the province of 
Manitoba. He is a pains-taking phy- 
sician and is much respected by his 
patients and esteemed by the entire 
community. Dr. Paterson is a member 
of the A.F. & A.M., I.O.O.F., and 
C.O.F. In politics, he is a Reformer, 
and in religion, a Presbyterian. 



267 





AMUEL TILLEY 
GOVE, M.D., St. 

Andrews, Charlotte 
County, N.B., is the son of 
Jeremiah Gove and Eliza- 
beth Tilley, and is of U.E. 
Loyalist stock. He was 
born, February I5th, 1813, 
at Gagetown, Queen's Coun- 
ty, N. B. Dr. Gove receiv- 
ed his education at the 
schools of the city of St. 
John, and then studied med- 
icine with the late Dr. Cook, 
of St. John, for six years, 
after which he entered Phil- 
lip's Academy, at Exeter, 
New Hampshire, on leaving 
which institution, in 1831, 
he went to London, Eng., 
and attended Guy's and 
St. Thomas' hospitals, and 
graduated from the Royal 
College of Surgeons in 1833. 
He then returned to New 
Brunswick, and began to 
practice in Sussex, and from 
there went to Gagetown, 
and in 1839, removed to St. 
Andrew's, where he worked 
up a very large and success- 
ful practice, doing at least 
two thirds of the practice of the surround- 
ing country. He is the oldest registered 
practitioner in the Province. He has been 
Coroner for over fifty years, and was one 
of the directors of the first railway that 
was built in the Dominion. He was 
appointed by the Hon. Peter Mitchell, 
Minister of Marine, to report on the 
working of the Marine Hospital, and a 
great many of his suggestions were 
adopted. He was married, in 1835, to 
Mary Howe, daughter of Samuel Fair- 
weather, Esq., of Sussex, a descendant 
of the U.E. Loyalists. His family con- 
sists of one son, who is now practicing 
medicine at St. Andrews. Our subject 





was surgeon to the Dominion Troops, 
at St. Andrews, during the Fenian 
Raid of 1866; he also has charge of 
the Meteorological Department at St. 
Andrews. He is gradually retiring 
from the medical profession, leaving it 
to younger men. He has had charge 
of the Marine Hospital for forty-five 
years, and is also chairman of the 
Board of Health. In religion, he is a 
member of the Church of England, and 
in politics, a staunch Liberal-Conser- 
vative. He has also been a member of 
the Masonic Fraternity since 1842, and 
has held most of the offices in the gift 
of that order. 



268 





,EV. ALFRED FOWLER, B.A., 
(Toronto) , Pastor Knox Presby- 
terian Church, Morris, Mani- 
toba, was born April i9th, 1861, in 
Oxford County, Ont. His parents 
were Bartholomew and Phillippa (Inch) 
Fowler, both English. When fourteen 
years of age, Mr. Fowler left the public 
school, and entered as clerk in a 
grocery store, and when seventeen 
years of age, had full charge of the 
store. He was converted in 1875, and 
then joined the Methodist Church, 
under Rev. J. B. Clarkson, and from 
the age of fifteen had thoughts of en- 
tering the ministry. He devoted him- 



self to various occupations, 
in order to get money for 
an education, and after at- 
tending the Manitoba Col- 
lege and Stratford Colleg- 
iate Institute, for some 
years, he entered Victoria 
College, in connection with 
Toronto University, gradu- 
ating B.A., in May, 1890, 
being an honor graduate in 
Philosophy. During his 
studies, he also supplied 
many prominent pulpits 
very acceptably. After prea- 
ching two years, he joined 
the Presbyterian Church at 
London, Ont., July, 1892, 
and shortly afterwards came 
West as a missionary, and 
was appointed to Morris, 
Man. He was ordained, 
September i2th, 1893, in 
Manitoba College, at Win- 
nipeg. Mr. Fowler, found 
the Morris charge with a 
very small church building, 
and $6co.oo, in debt, and in 
the short time he has been 
pastor, has cleared the debt, 
, built a beautiful new church, 
worth $3.000, bought a 
brick manse worth $1,800, besides 
other improvements in connection with 
the charge, all of which are paid for. 
The membership of the church has 
also increased by 40 or 50 members, 
and, through his zeal and persever- 
ance, the interest in Spiritual things 
has been greatly quickened throughout 
the entire membership. Mr. Fowler 
raised the larger part of this money by 
his successful preaching, lecturing 
and singing, in all the principal 
churches between Sarnia, Ont., and 
Montreal, Que. In politics, he is an 
Independent, and is a strong advocate 
of the temperance cause. 



269 





W TON. E. TILTON MOSELEY, 
<r M Q.C., Sydney, C.B., was born 
vS> June and, 1846, at Halifax, 
N.S., was educated there in the Free 
Church Academy, and at Dalhousie 
College. He began the study of law 
in the office of the late Judge McCully, 
in 1863, was admitted a Barrister and 
Attorney-at-Law, in 1867, when he re- 
moved to Sydney, where he has since 
practiced. Mr. Moseley is a Master in 
Chancery, and was created a Q.C. by 
the Dominion Government, in 1881. 
He is a Conservative in politics, was 
elected to the Nova Scotia House of 
Assembly, as one of the representatives 



of Cape Breton County, in 1874, and 
was re-elected in 1878. When the 
Legislature met in 1879, the Conserv- 
ative Party having a majority, Mr. 
Moseley was elected as Speaker, which 
position he held for three years, until 
defeated with Sir John Thompson's 
Government, in 1882. Mr. Moseley was 
Mayor of Sydney for 1890. He is 
president of the Liberal-Conservative 
Association for his constituency. In 
religion, he is a Presbyterian, and 
holds the office of trustee. He married 
Isabella, daughter of the late Samuel 
Brookman. His family consists of one 
daughter and three sons. 



270 



OR CANADA. 





ASSAU ROBINSON PRES- 
TON, senior member of the 
firm of Preston & Norris, im- 
porters and merchants, Winnipeg, 
Man., was born in 1856, in St. Mary's, 
Ont. His parents are Rev. and Mrs. 
Walton Preston, of Port Lambton, Ont. 
His father is a superannuated Methodist 
minister, who for forty-six years, ex- 
perienced all the hardships of the 
travelling Methodist preacher. Mr. 
Preston was educated at the Caledonia 
High School, and at fourteen com- 
menced the dry goods business with 
Mr. James Walters, of Caledonia, with 
whom he remained two years, after- 



wards spending about ten years in the 
trade in Watford, Elora, Norwood and 
Port Perry, and then, in 1882, went to 
Winnipeg, where he clerked with Alex- 
ander & Bryce. Mr. Preston, from 1883 
to 1886, was manager for Mr. Alexander, 
then engaged in business for himself, 
which has grown to such proportions, 
that he takes an annual purchasing 
trip to Europe. In religion, Mr. Pres- 
ton is a Methodist. He also belongs 
to the'I.O.F. In politics, he is Inde- 
pendent. In 1888, he was married to 
Miss Myrtle Hunter, daughter of Wm. 
Hunter, now of Lincoln, 111. His fam- 
ily consists of one daughter. 



271 





APT. JAMES WISH ART, St. 
Martin's, St. John County, N.B., 
was born in the City of St. 
John, July nth, 1847. He is the son 
of Benjamin Wishart, ship owner, and 
Charlotte Moran. His father came 
from Montrose, Scotland, and his 
mother was a native of New Brunswick. 
He received his early education in St. 
John and St. Martin's, and completed 
it in Liverpool, England, the last two 
years of it on Her Majesty's School 
Frigate " Conway." He then went to 
sea, in the "Prince Rupert," in 1862, 
and had command of the ship " Henri- 
etta," in 1872 ; he also had command of 



the following vessels : " Prince Pat- 
rick," '' Prince Rudulph," " Black 
Prince," " Prince Louis," " Rowland 
Hill," "Roycroft," " Macedon," the 
latter being his last command before re- 
tiring from the service. He was trading 
chiefly to the East India, Australia and 
South America Ports. He was mar- 
ried, in 1875, to Sophia, daughter of the 
Rev. J. A. Smith, late of St. Martin's. 
His family consists of three children, 
living. In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian, and in politics, a Conservative. 
He is also a member of the Masonic 
Order. Since retiring from the sea, in 
1887, he has been living in St. Martin's. 



272 



MRN 




71 LB. LIVINGSTON SHANKS, 
: \ M.D., C.M., Physican and 
VS> Surgeon, Miami, Man., was 
born June i2th, 1865, in Huntingdon, 
Que. His parents Daniel and Hen- 
rietta (Bradford) Shanks, were of 
Scotch and English descent, respect- 
ively. Dr. Shanks was educated in the 
Huntingdon Academy and McGill Uni- 
versity, Montreal, graduating M.D., 
from the latter institution, in 1889. 
He then practiced in Montreal for three 
years, lectured in Bishop's College 
about two years, and was also attending 
physician to the Hervey Institute, and 
House of Refuge at Long Point. In 



December, 1892, he went West, and 
took the practice of Dr. McConnell, at 
Morden, Man., for some months, and in 
June, 1893, he settled in Miami. He 
is physician to a number of societies 
and insurance companies, and is health 
officer for the municipality of Lome. 
Dr. Shanks has, by his kindly and 
courteous manner, won the esteem and 
affection of the people of Miami, and 
is laying the foundation for a large 
practice. Scholarly, steady and at- 
tentive to his profession, with all the 
energy and push of a young man, he 
is bound to make his mark in his 
adopted country. 



OF* 



273 



>2)ARL OTTO PAUL HENNE- 
( BERG, Musical Director, Winni- 
^ ~^^> peg, Man., was born in 
Bobersberg, Germany, in 1863. His 
parents were Wilhelni and Wilhelmiene 
(Burdack) Henneberg, his father being 
a leading musical director of Bobers- 
berg. Mr. Henneberg received his 
primary education at home, after which 
he served three years in the Royal Army, 
and then finished his education at the 
Royal High School, Berlin. At the age 
of twenty-three, he went to Stockholm, 
as solo flute player, in the Orchestra of 
the Swedish Royal Opera, for one sea- 
son, after which he was elected as musical 
director of Gothenberg, Swe- 
den, where he remained two 
years. In 1889, ne came to 
America, and was invited to 
become a member of the cele- 
brated Mendelssohn Quin- 
tette Club of Boston, which 
for three years travelled 
through the chief cities of 
the United States and Can- 
ada, delighting the music 
loving public. After seve- 
ral visits of the club to 
Winnipeg, Mr. Henneberg 
was urged by many of the 
leading musical men of that 
city to locate there perman- 
ently, which he did in 1892. 
Since then he has conducted 
the Apollo Club with great 
success. His services as a 
flute or violin soloist are in 
constant demand, while as 
teacher of the piano and all 
stringed instruments, his 
patronage among the best 
people is very gratifying. 
Mr. Henneberg is perfectly 
at home in music. He 
seems to have inherited an 
aptness and love for it, 
which elevates his teaching 



above the sometimes arid and dry, 
and his pupils frequently gather from 
him the same inspiration. Mr. Hen- 
neberg is doing much to improve the 
quality of the music of the Prairie City, 
and to cultivate a correct taste for the 
divine art. As in other matters, the 
citizens of Winnipeg,are not slow to ap- 
preciate so eminent a man in their midst, 
and his efforts have met with much suc- 
cess. In religion, he belongs to the 
German Holy Trinity Church. In 
1886, he was married to Miss Augusta 
Holm, daughter of the late Captain 
Holm, of Gefle, Sweden. His family 
consists of one son and two daughters. 




274 



OK 




McCOLL, Inspector 
of Indian Agencies and Reserves 
in the Manitoba Snperin- 
tendency, was born August I3th, 1835, 
in Elgin County, Out. His father 
Samuel McColl, was a lieutenant in 
the British Militia, and his mother 
Mary Leitch, was born in North Knap- 
dale, Scotland. His paternal ancestors 
sprang from three branches of the 
McColl Clan, viz : of the houses of 
Auchadhnandarroch (Oakfield), Glen 
Uachdrach (Upper Valley) and Glen- 
Creren. His father's paternal an- 
cestors were chieftains of the Clan, 
and owned the beautiful estate of 




Auchadhnandarroch, including Ben- 
bheir, or the Mountain of the Flying 
Serpent. His father's maternal grand- 
father, Samuel McColl of the House of 
Glen-Crereu, was ensign by hereditary 
right at the fatal and disastrous battle 
of Colloden, in 1745, to Mac-ian-Stuart, 
the proprietor of the Appian estate and 
chieftain of the Clan. Mr. McColl re- 
ceived his education in the public 
schools, Fort Edward Institute, New 
York, and the Michigan University, at 
Ann Arbor. He is a member of the 
Old School or Primitive Baptists, and 
in politics, he is a Liberal. In 1877, 
he was appointed Inspector of Indian 
Agencies, and shortly after- 
wards, a commissioner to 
audit and apportion ac- 
counts, in dispute between 
the Federal and Provincial 
Governments. In 1878, he 
was made a commissioner 
to investigate alleged ir- 
regularities in the adminis- 
tration of Indian Affairs in 
the Manitoba Superintend- 
ency. In 1879, he was ap- 
pointed purveyor of all In- 
dian supplies for the Mani- 
toba and North- West Sup- 
erintendencies. In 1883, 
he received the position of 
superintendent of the Mani- 
toba Superintendency, and 
in 1885, became a commis- 
sioner to investigate alleged 
claims by others than In- 
dians, to certain lands with- 
in the reserve of St. Peters. 
During his sixteen years in 
the Civil Service, he has 
travelled chiefly by canoe. 
In 1879, he married Miss 
Ella, daughter of Elder Win. 
L. Beebe, of Middletown, 
N. Y. He has two sons and 
five daughters. 



MKN 



275 





iOLIN CHISHOLM, Barrister, 
Sydney, N.S., was born in 1850, 
at Long Point, Inverness 
County, C.B. He is the son of Rod- 
erick and Isabella (McKenzie) Chis- 
holm, natives of Nova Scotia, but of 
Scotch descent. Mr. Chisholm received 
his education at Belle Air College, and 
by private tuition, under the late Mr. 
McCulloch, Halifax. He prosecuted 
his law studies with Sir John Thomp- 
son, and was admitted to the Bar in 
1879, since which time he has practiced 
his profession in Sydney, and has 
become well-known for his skill in 
legal matters. He has been Municipal 



Councillor, also clerk of the Municipal- 
ity of Cape Breton County, from 1883 
to 1886. He resigned to accept nom- 
ination of the Liberal-Conservative 
party for the House of Assembly of 
Nova Scotia, and was elected in 1886, 
and sat during the term 1886-1890. 
He is at present secretary of the Lib- 
eral-Conservative Association of Cape 
Breton County. In religion, Mr. Chis- 
holm is a Roman Catholic, and a mem- 
ber and president of the Sydney Branch 
of the C.M.B.A. He was married, in 
February, 1885, to Eveline, daughter 
of the late Alexander Mclnnis, of Syd- 
dey, C.B. He has four children. 



276 




JAMES REDMOND, Managing- 
Director of the Ames, Holden 
Co., Ltd., Winnipeg, Man., 
was born March 6th, 1853, at Vienna, 
Norfolk County, Out. He was edu- 
cated in St. Thomas, and taught school 
for one year. When eighteen years of 
age, he entered the employ of his uncle, 
D. Regan, Esq., of London, Ont, as 
book-keeper. In 1875, he went on the 
road for Win. McLaren & Co., of 
Montreal, until 1879, when he removed 
to Manitoba, as the representative of 
Ames, Holden & Co., of Montreal, with 
whom he has since remained. The 
volume of the western business grew 



so rapidly, that in October 1883, a joint 
stock company was formed, with Mr. 
Redmond as managing-director, to 
operate from Port Arthur to the Pacific 
Coast, and in 1886, a branch house was 
established in Victoria, British Colum- 
bia. For many years, he has been a 
prominent member of the Winnipeg 
Board of Trade, of which he was hon- 
ored with the presidency, in 1889. He 
is a typical Western business man, 
possessed of tact, push and principle, 
and in consequence is held in the highest 
esteem. In religion, he is a Roman 
Catholic, and in politics, a Liberal. He 
is unmarried. 



277 




*KT*\EV. JAMES HOSKIN, Pastor 
r^ Methodist Church, Carman, 
" v^) Man., was born September 
i4th, 1846, in Hastings County, Out. 
His parents were James and Elizabeth 
(Tuinmon) Hoskin, natives of England. 
Mr. Hoskin was educated in the public 
schools, and by private study, and 
spent his early life on his father's farm. 
When aged twenty-five, he was convert- 
ed, and united with the Bible Christian 
Body. He assisted in Sabbath-School 
work for some time, became a local 
preacher, and two years later went to 
Peterboro, and preached under the 
chairman of the district. In June, 



1877, he entered the ministry on pro- 
bation, was ordained at Port Hope 
Bible Christian Conference, in 1882, 
and sent as missionary to Souris City, 
Man. On the union of the Methodist 
churches in 1884, he went to Otona. 
(now Balder), Man., where he minis- 
tered successfully for three years. He 
was afterwards three years at Thornhill, 
Man., and three years on the Roland 
circuit, and was appointed to his 
present charge in June, 1893. He is a 
member of the I.O.G.T., and in politics, 
a Conservative. He was married, July 
3rd, 1888, to Miss Mary M., daughter 
of Thos. Pearce, Thornhill, Manitoba. 



MEN 








. D. MAcGILLVARY, M.D., 
Sydney, N.S., was born Janu- 
ary 22nd, 1842, at Spring- 
ville, Pictou County, N.S. His parents 
were Rev. Angus and Anna (Matheson) 
MacGillvary, the former was a pioneer 
Presbyterian clergyman of Pictou Coun- 
ty, but now deceased. Dr. MacGill- 
vary received his education at Truro~ 
N.S., Presbyterian College, and Har- 
vard University. He received his med- 
ical education and graduated at Belle- 
vue Medical College, New- York city. 
He has been in Sydney since 1864, 
enjoying a large medical connection. 
Dr. MacGillvary belongs to the Knight 



Templars, and other Masonic Orders, 
and has been superintendent of the Ma- 
rine Hospital, for nearly tweuty years. 
In politics, he is a Liberal, and in reli- 
gion, a Presbyterian, and an elder in the 
church to which he belongs in Sydney. 
He was married, in 1866, to Miss Mc- 
Kenzie, of Sherbrooke, N.S., daughter 
of the late Abner McKenzie. His 
family consists of two sons and three 
daughters. His eldest son, Dr. S. H. 
MacGillvary is assistant physician of 
the Long Island Home, Amityville, 
Long Island, U.S., and his second son, 
Gordon, is studying pharmacy in New 
York city. 



279 




EDGAR SKILLEN, 
J.P., Notary Public, Commis- 
sioner of the Parish Court, and Insurance 
Agent, St. Martins, St. John County, 
N.B., was born in the city of St. John, 
December i5th, 1850. He is the son 
of Andrew Skillen and Mary Ann 
Vaughan. His father canie from Ire- 
land, while his mother is a native of 
New Brunswick, and a daughter of 
Simon Vaughan, Esq., ship builder of 
St. Martins. Mr. Skillen received his 
earl}' education at the public schools of 
St. Martins, and then went to Ireland 
and continued it at the schools of Killy- 
leagh, the school being under the pa- 




tronage of Lord Dufferin. On his 
return to New Brunswick, he took a 
course at the Commercial College, St. 
John. In 1866, he entered the dry 
goods business at St. Stephen, where he 
remained until 1870. While there, he 
was sergeant of No. 8 Battery N.B.G. A. 
After leaving St. Stephen, he returned 
to St. Martins, and entered in business 
with his father, running the steamer 
" Earl Dufferin," between St. Martins 
and St. John. After the railway was 
built, they had the steamer engaged by 
the Nova Scotia Government, on Minas 
Basin, running between Wolfville, 
Windsor, and Parrsboro, after which, 
they sold the boat and Mr. 
Skillen returned to St. Mar- 
tin's, and commenced busi- 
ness by himself. He was 
married in October, 1876, to 
Beatrice, daughter of Cap- 
tain Silas Vaughan. He is 
a member of the Free Ma- 
sons, being Past Grand 
Junior Warden, and Past 
District Deputy Grand Mas- 
ter in the same. He is also 
a member of the Independent 
Order of Foresters, being 
Court Deputy High Chief 
Ranger, and has held offices 
in the High and Supreme 
Courts. In religion, he is 
an adherent of the Presby- 
terian Church, and in po- 
litics is a Liberal. He is 
also chairman of the Board 
of Assessors, School Trus- 
tee, president of the Agricul- 
tural Society, and was one 
of the promoters of the direct 
line of railway between St. 
Martins and St. John, and 
is now secretary of the 
company. Mr. Skillen en- 
joys the respect of all who 
know him. 



280 



\\7lLLIAM IRELAND, publisher 
r \ and proprietor of The North 
Star, Parry Sound, Out., was born 
September i4th, 1852, in the town of 
Chard, Somersetshire, England. His 
father was William, and his mother, 
Mary Ann (Clift) Ireland, who, with 
their family, came to Canada, in 1854. 
Mr. Ireland was educated in the public 
school of Aurora, Ont., taking a special 
course, with a view to the requirements 
of " The Art preservative of all Arts," 
was apprenticed to the printing busi- 
ness, at the Aurora Banner office, in 
1867, and subsequently completed his 
apprenticeship in the offices of The 
Newmarket Era and 7/2^- 

Sarnia Observer. From . 

Sarnia, he returned to Au- 
rora, taking the position of 
foreman in the Banner office, 
which position he held for 
about eight years. In Jan- 
uary, 1880, he purchased 
7/fe North Star, from the 
estate of the late B. N. 
Fisher. Leaving Aurora, 
he began business on his 
own account, when Parry 
Sound was scarcely more 
than an organized township. 
The town is now a thriving 
community, of about 2,000 
population, with the assu- 
rance of a completed railway 
within one year. Great 
progress has been made in 
the development and gene- 
ral prosperity of the town, 
all of which The North 
Star has been largely in- 
strumental in promoting. 
Mr. Ireland is an active 
member of the Baptist 
Church, being church clerk 
and Sabbath School super- 
intendent. He is also a 
member of the I.O.G.T. 



and I.O.F. He was municipal clerk 
of the Township of McDougall, for a 
number of years, has been license in- 
spector for the district of Parry Sound, 
since 1884, all d is district secretary of 
the S. S. Association, for the district of 
Parry Sound. In politics, Mr. Ireland 
is a Reformer, and for several } r ears 
was secretary of the Reform Association 
of the district of Muskoka and Parry 
Sound, therefore The North Star is an 
exponent of the ethics of Liberalism. 
Mr. Ireland was married, in June, 
1874, to Miss Elizabeth Jane Brodie, of 
Aurora, Ont. His family consists of 
one daughter, living. 




CA.NA.DA, 



281 





JOSEPH ALEXANDER GIL- 
LIES, Barrister, M.P., Syd- 
ney, N.S., was born September 
1 7th, 1849, at Irish Cove, N.S., He is 
the third son of John Gillies and Mary 
McLean. Mr. Gillies was educated at 
St. Francois Xavier's College, Antigon- 
ish, graduating in April, 1871. He 
was Registrar of Probate, for the 
County of Cape Breton, from August, 
1872, until he resigned to contest Cape 
Breton County, for the Dominion Par- 
liament, in 1887. Was clerk of the 
Peace for same county, from December, 
1875, until January, 1880, when the 
county was incorporated, and then he 



was appointed Municipal clerk, which 
he held until January, 1883, when he 
became solicitor of the municipality, a 
position which he has since held. He 
contested unsuccessfully Cape Breton 
County, for the House of Commons, in 
1887, and Richmond County, at the 
General Election in 1891, and was re- 
turned, but was unseated upon peti- 
tion and at the by-election held in 
January, 1892, was re-elected. In 
religion, Mr. Gillies is a Roman Ca- 
tholic. He was married, July i6th, 1883, 
to Josephine Eulalie, youngest daugh- 
ter of Seraphin Bertrand, of Prescott, 
Ont. He has one son, living. 



282 



MBN 



CANADA. 





LATE REV. ALEXANDER 
FARQUHARSON, Sydney, C.B., 
N.S., was born in 1838, at Middle River, 
Cape Breton, N.S., and died October 2 ist, 
1892, at Sydney, C.B., N.S. His father 
was the Rev. Alex. Farquharson, one 
of the pioneer ministers of Cape Breton, 
and his mother was Annie McKenzie, 
of Middle River, C.B. He received his 
education at Dalhousie College, Hali- 
fax, and the Theological Hall, Halifax. 
He was ordained to the sacred ministry, 
in December 1864. His first appoint- 
ment was at Leitche's Creek, C.B., and 
afterwards at Glace Bay and then St. 
Andrew's Church, Sydney, of which 



latter church he was pastor seventeen 
years, or until his death, in October, 
1892. In politics, Mr. Farquharson 
was a Conservative, and in religion, a 
Presbyterian. He was also a member 
of the Masonic Order. His memory is 
tenderly cherished by all who knew 
him, as a true friend, a devoted hus- 
band and father, and a faithful mi- 
nister of the Gospel. He was mar- 
ried, in 1875, to Miss Barbara McLeod, 
eldest daughter of Rev. Hugh Mc- 
Leod, D.D., of Sydney, Cape Breton, 
who survives him. His family con- 
sists of three children, one daughter 
and two sons. 



CA.NADA. 



283 





iEV. HUGH McLEOD, A.M., 
D. D., Sydney, C. B., was 
born, April 23rd, 1803, at 
Rhitongue, Sntherlandshire, Scotland. 
His parents were George and Barbara 
McLeod. Dr. McLeod was educated 
at King's College, Aberdeen, and The 
Hall, Edinburgh. The degree of M.A. 
was conferred on him in 1826, by King's 
College and University Aberdeen. He 
was licensed in 1831, and ordained two 
years later, by the Presbytery of Tongue. 
He visited Canada and the United States, 
1845, as deputy of the Free Church, 
and again in 1848. His pastoral char- 
ges have been Melness, parish of Ton- 



gue, Edinburgh, and Logie Easter, 
Ross-shire. He came to Canada in 1850, 
and was inducted at Mira, C.B., where 
he remained until he retired. He re- 
ceived the degree of D.D. in 1854, from 
the University of Indiana, U.S. Dr. 
McLeod was elected Moderator of Pres- 
bytery, twenty times, Moderator of 
Synod, four times, and Moderator of 
General Assembly, once. He was mar- 
ried, April 6th, 1841, to Catherine Ross, 
only daughter of Rev. Hugh Ross, of 
Fearn, Ross-shire. Dr. McLeod has 
had a family of eleven children, six of 
whom are now living, and are occupying 
various positions of trust in the country. 



284 




ARNER GAHAN, M.A., M.D., 
C.M., Hartney, Manitoba, was 
born April loth, 1860, in Cheshire, 
England. His parents were M. and 
Ellen (Revell) Gahau, both Irish. His 
father was head master of E. Smith's 
schools, at Roscrea, Tipperary, Ireland, 
where the Doctor received his classical 
education. He then attended the Nor- 
mal Schools of Science, of South Ken- 
sington, London, Eng., for two years, 
then Queen's College, Galway, Ireland, 
as a science scholar for four years, 
where he obtained distinguished honors. 
He then spent two years more in the 
Medical Department of Queen's College, 



and took honors, after which he stud- 
ied at the Carinichael College of Medi- 
cine, Dublin, for two years, and gradu- 
ated with honors from the Royal Uni- 
versity of Ireland, (with which Queen's 
is connected), in 1882. He came to 
Winnipeg, Man., in 1885, studied in 
the Medical School. Winnipeg, from 
1890 to 1892, and graduated in the 
Spring of the latter year. He then 
took charge of Dr. Thornton's practice 
at Deloraiue, for one year, when he 
settled in Hartney. He is a member 
and examiner for the I.O.O.F., I.O.F. 
and C.O.F. He is an Episcopalian, 
and in politics, a Reformer. 



OK CAN A ID A. 



285 



4 TON. JAMES FOGO, 
<3 jH Pictou, N.S., Judge 
vS) of Probate, for the 
County of Pictou, was born 
in Glasgow, Scotland, June 
3oth,i8n. His parents were 
James and Elizabeth (Me 
Clure) Fogo, natives of 
Scotland. Judge Fogo re- 
ceived his education at the 
Pictou Academy. He after- 
wards studied law in the 
office of Jotham Blanchard, 
and was admitted Attorney 
of the Supreme Court, in 
1837, an d Barrister in 1838. 
He received the judicial 
appointment which he now 
holds, December 3oth, 1850, 
and has ever since, with the 
exception of a short inter- 
regnum, which took place 
on a change of government 
in 1864, discharged the 
duties with marked ability 
and satisfaction. He is well 
up in his profession, and 
his judgments have almost 
invariably been sustained 
by the Supreme Court, in 
cases of appeal. In 1851, 
he was offered the solicitor- 
generalship of an adjoining colony, 
but declined. Before accepting the 
judgeship, he was an active politician, 
in the interests of the Liberal party, 
and was on several occasions urged to 
accept nomination for Parliamentary 
honors. He was also at one time con- 
nected with the militia, and in 1864, 
obtained the commission of major, 
having previously held the commission 
of first and second lieutenant in the 
service. He was created a Q.C., in 
1878, by the Local Government, his 
commission giving him precedence as 
such in all courts of the province, over 
all other Q.C's., appointed after Octo- 




ber 23rd, 1833. In 1879, he was ap- 
pointed a Master in Chancery, now 
called a Master of the Supreme Court. 
In 1880, he received the appointment 
of Q.C., from the Dominion Govern- 
ment, and since the date of his com- 
mission, has been appointed by the 
presiding judge, when that power 
vested in him, to conduct the criminal 
business of the Court at Pictou. Judge 
Fogo has been married twice : first, in 
December, 1846, to Jane, daughter of 
the late Rev. John McKinlay, M.A., of 
Pictou, N.S., and second, to Elizabeth 
Ives, daughter of the late James Ives, of 
Halifax. He is a Presbyterian. 



286 



CANADA. 





V. SAMUEL MACMORINE, 
M.A., Rural Dean of Mar- 
quette, and Rector of St. 
Mary's Episcopal Church, Portage La 
Prairie, Manitoba, was born September 
6th, 1847, at Almonte, Ont. His par- 
ents, Rev. John Macmorine, D.D., and 
Sophia Dunbar Brodie Airth, were 
both natives of Scotland. His father 
was, for over twenty years, pastor of 
St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, at 
Almonte, and died in 1867. His 
mother died in 1870. Mr. Macmorine 
was educated chiefly by private tutors, 
amongst whom were : Rev. Robert 
Campbell, D.D., Rev. James Car- 



michael and Prof. Donald 
Ross. He entered Queen's 
University, in 1861, and 
graduated B.A., May 7th, 
1865, and received his M.A., 
in 1872, from the same 
University. He took charge 
as licentiate of St. John's 
Presbyterian Church, Pitts- 
burg, Ont., where he re- 
mained for about three 
years ; he was then two 
years pastor of St. Andrew's 
Presbyterian Church, Hunt- 
ingdon, P. Q. Having been 
in sympathy with the Ang- 
lican Church for some time, 
he now prepared to enter 
that body. He was ordained 
deacon, October 28th, 1874, 
at Christ Church, Ottawa, 
by the Bishop of Ontario, 
and priest in St. Mary's 
Church, Trenton, Out., No- 
vember 7th, 1875. He was 
curate for the Bishop of 
Ontario, at the Church of 
St. John the Evangelist, 
Ottawa, for six months, 
then incumbent of Christ 
Church, Huntley, Ontario, 
three years, then Christ 
Church, Bell's Corners, Ont., three 
and one half years, then Holy Trinity, 
Ottawa, one year, and St. Mary's 
Church, Pakenham, Ont., and removed 
to Portage La Prairie, Man., in Janu- 
ary, 1887, where the church has had a 
large measure of prosperity under his 
charge. Mr. Macmorine, is a mem- 
ber of the I. O.K., and in politics, 
is a Conservative. He was married, 
January loth, 1872, to Miss Adelaide 
Louisa, daughter of Win. B. Meyer, of 
Quebec city, by whom he has five 
daughters. His brother, Rev. John 
K. Macmorine, is rector of St. James 
Church, Kingston, Ont. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



287 




TX/ALTER HENRY HALL, 
V \ editor and proprietor of the 
Advance, Virden, Man., was born Janu- 
ary 29th, 1858, at Bristol, Eng. His 
parents were Thomas Henry Wait and 
Elizabeth (Burrough) Hall. He was ed- 
ucated in the Bristol Grammar School, 
and came to Canada in the Summer of 
1882, and settled at Portage La Prairie, 
Manitoba. In the winter of 1883, he 
entered upon journalistic work, on the 
Portage La Prairie Review, and subse- 
quently served on the Liberal, of that 
place. In June, 1885, he established 
the Advance for Mr. C. J. Atkinson, of 
the Liberal, and in April, 1889, bought 



out the entire plant, which he has en- 
larged and improved several times, un- 
til the paper has become one of the 
leading journals of the district. The 
Advance takes an independent stand on 
all public questions, political or other- 
wise, while Mr. Hall, personally, is an 
Independent-Conservative. The circula- 
tion of the paper has wonderfully in- 
creased. In religion, he is Baptist, and 
also belongs to the Orange Order, Black 
Knights of Ireland, and the R.T. of T. 
Mr. Hall was married, May 25th, 1887, 
to Miss Jane, daughter of Thomas 
Bulloch, of Reston, Man., by whom he 
has two sons and two daughters. 



288 




\\7lLLIAM HENRY ROURKE, 
V \ St. Martin's, N.B., retired mill 
owner and lumberman, was born at 
St. George. N.B., February 8th, 1836. 
He is the son of William Henry 
Rourke, late of Fredericton, N.B., and 
Phoebe Cronk, of Granville, N.S. He 
received his education at the schools 
of the Parish of Lancaster, St. John 
County. After leaving school, he was 
engaged with his father in the lumber- 
ing business, at Musquash River. In 
1854, he was employed on the survey 
of the first railway that was built in 
his county, and on his return, his 
father having gone into farming, he 



remained on the farm until 1857, when 
he went into partnership with his bro- 
ther James, in Albert County, remaining 
until 1863, when they removed to St. 
Martin's, and did business in lumber- 
ing and ship building. He dissolved 
partnership with his brother in 1887. 
He was married, October aoth, 1870, to 
Rachel E., youngest daughter of the 
late Simon Vaughan, Esq., of St. 
Martin's. His family consists of two 
sons and one daughter. His eldest 
son is an electrical engineer, living at 
Hampton, N.B. In religion, Mr. Rourke 
is an Episcopalian, and in politics, 
a Conservative. 



289 




r . NOAH HEWITT, M.A., 
B.D., Incumbent of St. John's 
Episcopal Church, Manitou, 
Manitoba, and Rural Dean of Dufferin, 
was born April 2nd, 1856, at Kingston, 
Ont. His parents were John Howard 
and Sarah Ann (Harper) Hewitt, of 
English and Irish descent. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public 
schools of Bruce and Huron counties, 
Ontario, and the Goderich High School. 
He then entered St. John's College, 
Winnipeg, and graduated in Arts in 
1890, and in Divinity in 1891. He was 
ordained deacon in St. John's Cathedral, 
Winnipeg, May 25th, 1890, and priest 
in Christ Church, Winni- 
peg, March 25th, 1891. 
Prior to this Mr. Hewitt 
taught school two years in 
Ontario, and nine years in 
Manitoba, seven years of 
which were in Winnipeg. He 
took all the teachers' exam- 
inations from third class to 
first class, making an ex- 
ceptionally brilliant course, 
and taking grade A in the 
latter. Immediately after 
ordination as deacon, Mr. 
Hewitt took charge of the 
Manitou Mission, which has 
been rapidly growing under 
his care ever since, until it 
was found necessary to 
divide it in 1892. He was 
also instrumental in build- 
ing the Winram Memorial 
Church (eight miles south 
of Manitou), at a cost of 
about $6,500. He was ap- 
pointed Rural Dean in 
April, 1893, and in the 
same year he received the 
degree of M.A., at the con- 
vocation of Manitoba Uni- 
versity. He is admirably 
adapted, by education and 



refinement, to the sacred work to which 
he has devoted himself, and the marked 
success which has attended his ministry, 
is ample evidence of the wisdom of his 
choice in the selection of his life work. 
He is an office holder in the Masonic 
Order and a member of the Grand 
Lodge of the I.O.O.F., for Manitoba. 
In politics he is a Conservative. He 
was married, December 25th, 1883, to 
Rebekah, daughter of Frederick A. 
Barnes, of Kincardine, Ont., by whom 
he has one son. Mrs. Hewitt is a 
graduate of the Kincardine and Winni- 
peg High schools, and holds a second- 
class life certificate. 



P" 




2QO 



"YVOLLIAM BATHGATE, Man- 
V V aging Director of the Manitoba 
Electric and Gas Light Company, Win- 
nipeg, was born in 1832, in Edinburgh, 
Scotland. His father was Joseph Bath- 
gate, for many years a trusted official 
in the employ of the Duke of Buc- 
cleugh, and his mother was Grace 
Hyslop Bathgate. They were descended 
from two of the oldest families of Scot- 
land, and emigrated to Wisconsin, 
U. S. A., in 1852, and settled in Janes- 
ville, where the father died in 1856 and 
the mother in 1874. Mr. Bathgate 
went into business in Montreal in 1861, 
where he remained until 1870, when he 




removed to Guelph Township, Welling- 
ton Co., Ont, where he bought a 'fine 
farm ; and the following year was mar- 
ried to Margaret Armstrong, daughter 
of the late Jas. Loughrin, of Eramosa, 
one of the first and most highly re- 
spected pioneers of that township, he 
having settled there early in this cen- 
tury with his father, a native of the 
North of Ireland. His family consists 
of two sons and two daughters, viz.: 
James L-, Joseph, Elizabeth L., and 
Maggie A. In 1878, Mr. Bathgate re- 
moved to Winnipeg and engaged in the 
furniture business, which occupied his 
attention until 1883, when the company 
of which he is at the head, 
was formed, and he was ap- 
pointed manager. In reli- 
gion, he is a Presbyterian, 
a member of Kuox Church, 
of which Board of Trustees 
he was chairman for some 
time. He is also a member 
of the A.F. & A.M., and of 
the Winnipeg St. Andrew's 
Society. In politics, Mr. 
Bathgate is a staunch Con- 
servative, an active and in- 
fluential member of the 
Winnipeg Conservative As- 
sociation, and is well known 
throughout the Dominion as 
a ready, clear, and incisive 
writer on the trade ques- 
tion, being thoroughly con- 
versant with all important 
public issues, not only civic 
and provincial, but also 
federal and foreign. His 
long experience and his 
keen grasp of all questions 
relating to politics or trade 
constitute him one of the 
best informed and most use- 
ful men in Manitoba and 
the North - West Territo- 



ries. 



OF- 



291 




* ^^ 

[HEO. ARTHUR BURROWS, 
-*- M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man., senior 
member of the firm of Burrows & Hall, 
lumber merchants, was born in Ottawa, 
August 1 5th, 1857. His parents were 
Henry J. Burrows and Sarah Sparks, 
both now deceased. Mr. Burrows was 
educated at the Ottawa public schools, 
Collegiate Institute and Manitoba Col- 
lege, Winnipeg. Shortly after remov- 
ing to Manitoba, he engaged in lum- 
bering, and for many years did the 
largest saw milling business on Lake 
Winnipeg. In 1890-91, he had charge 
of construction of public works in the 
northern and northwestern part of the 



Province, and after the last redistribu- 
tion, when the northern part of the 
Province was formed into the separate 
electoral division of " Dauphin " was 
elected, in 1892, as its first representa- 
tive in the Manitoba Legislature, as a 
supporter of the Green way Government. 
The County of Dauphin comprises 
nearly one quarter of the whole area of 
Manitoba, and contains the greater 
portion of the fertile land in the Pro- 
vince left open for hoinesteading, and 
Mr. Burrows represents it ably in Par- 
liament. He is a believer in National 
schools, an advocate of Tariff Reform, 
and a staunch " Manitoba First " man. 




\\7lLLIAM ROSS BLACK, B.A., 
r * Barrister, Solicitor, etc.. Car- 
man, Manitoba, was born January nth, 
1855, i n Kildonan settlement, near 
Winnipeg, Manitoba. His parents were 
Rev. John Black, D.D. and Henrietta 
(Ross) Black. Mr. Black was edu- 
cated in Kildonan parish school, St. 
John's College, Winnipeg, the Mani- 
toba College Winnipeg, and Toronto 
University, graduating from the latter 
in 1877, as silver medallist in classics. 
He was then in the law office of Messrs. 
Bain and Blanchard, Winnipeg, three 
years, and was called to the bar in 
February, 1881. He practiced in Port- 



age La Prairie until appointed Reg- 
istrar of Norfolk County, in 1884, 
which he held until the office was abol- 
ished. He settled in Carman in Feb- 
ruary, 1890, where he has since con- 
ducted a successful general law practice. 
Mr. Black was Conservative candidate 
for the Local House for Portage La 
Prairie, Feb. 23rd, 1883, and was de- 
feated by Hon. Jos. Martin, by only 
a few votes. In religion, Mr. Black is 
a Presbyterian and in politics, a Con- 
servative. He was married, Oct. i2th, 
1 88 1, to Catherine, daughter of Senator 
John Sutherland, of Kildonan. He has 
one son and two daughters. 



JVTKN OK 



293 



JOHN BEAUFORT 
SOMERSET, busi- 
ness manager of the 
Manitoba Free Press, Win- 
nipeg, Manitoba, was born 
March and, 1843, near Dub- 
lin, Ireland. He received 
his education in Ireland, 
and came to Canada in 1861, 
and taught school in Ont- 
ario, until 1871, when he 
was appointed an inspector 
of schools, under the law 
passed that year. He filled 
this position for the County 
of Lincoln, until 1882, when 
he accepted the position of 
inspector for the city of 
Winnipeg, Manitoba, which 
at that time employed twelve 
teachers. From that time 
until October 1883, he filled 
this position, his ability as 
an organizer being tested 
by the increase of teachers 
to over 50, the building of 
the necessary school rooms, 
and the grading of pupils 
from all parts of the world 
into proper classes. In 

1883, he was appointed Sup- !__ 

erintendent of Education for 
the Protestant Schools of Manitoba, 
which numbered at that date less than 
200, the Rev. W. C. Pinkham, now 
Bishop of Saskatchewan, being his 
predecessor. From this date until De- 
cember 3rd, 1889, ne occupied this po- 
sition, during which, assisted by a 
Board of Education, he organized over 
400 additional schools, introduced a 
system of Normal school training, the 
equal of that in any of the older pro- 
vinces, organized a thorough system of 
inspection, and examination of teachers, 
and provided a code of regulation which 
remained practically the same after the 
abolition of the distinction of Protestant 







and Catholic schools, and the organiz- 
ation of the new system of uniform pro- 
vincial schools. From the date of the 
abolition of the office then held by him, 
he ceased to be actively connected with 
educational matters, and in 1891 became 
secretary-treasurer of the Manitoba Free 
Press, the leading newspaper of the 
North-West, which position he still 
holds. In religion, Mr. Somerset is a 
Methodist, a member of the board of 
Wesley College, of which institution he 
was one of the original promoters. In 
1867, he was married to Miss E. S. 
Darche, by whom he has two sons and 
two daughters. 



294 



MEN OR 




YJ<DWARD L. DREWRY, ex-M. 
t\ P. P., Winnipeg, Man., was born 
"^>sS> in London, Eng., in 1851. In 
1857, hi s father emigrated to St. Paul, 
Minn., U. S., his mother, brother, sis- 
ter and himself following three years 
later. His parents still reside in St. 
Paul. At the age of sixteen, Mr. 
Drewry entered his father's employ. 
Early in 1875, he removed to Pembina, 
Dak., and in 1877 to Winnipeg, where 
he engaged in the brewing and malting 
business, and has by industry and 
honorable dealing, risen to be one of 
the leading and most respected business 
men of the city. He was elected a 



member of the City Council 
in 1883-84, resigning before 
the expiration of the second 
year. In 1886, he was re- 
turned a member of the 
Local Legislature for North 
Winnipeg, by a majority 
nearly double that of any 
other member of the House. 
On the dissolution of the 
Legislature in 1888, Mr. 
Drewry declined further 
parliamentary honors owing 
to the state of his health 
and pressure of business. 
Since then he has been ten- 
dered the nomination for 
several positions of public 
trust, notably that of the 
mayoralty and representa- 
tive in the Commons, but 
declined for the reasons al- 
ready given. He is presi- 
dent of the Permanent Mort- 
gage and Trust Co., also of 
the Public Parks Commis- 
sion, director of the B. N. A. 
Fire Insurance Co., Winni- 
peg General Hospital, and 
other companies. He is also 
| an active and prominent 
patron of the Winnipeg In- 
dustrial Exhibition Association, Rifle 
Range Co., Lacrosse and Curling clubs 
and Operatic Society, of which he is 
president. He is one of the solid men 
of Winnipeg, and takes a hearty inte- 
rest in the prosperity and progress of 
Winnipeg and the Province in general. 
Mr. Drewry is a Conservative taking 
an active part in politics ; and in reli- 
gion, he is an Episcopalian. In 1874, 
he married Eliza, eldest daughter of the 
late Captain James Starkey, of St. Paul, 
Speaker of the first Legislature of 
Minnesota. Mr. Drewry's family con- 
sists of three sons and four daugh- 
ters. 



MEN: 



295 



^ 

KRED. WILLIAM DREWRY, 

Oj Winnipeg, Man., was born Aug. 
6th, 1855, at Newport, Eng. In 1857, 
his father left England for America, 
being followed by the rest of the family 
in 1860, in which year they located in 
St. Paul, Minn., U. S. A., where Mr. 
Drewry, sr., has resided since, being 
one of the best known and most highly 
respected citizens of that city. Mr. 
Drewry was educated at the public 
schools of St. Paul, Minn., and the 
Business College there, after which he 
took the management of his father's 
business until 1876, when he became a 
member of the firm of Drewry & Son, 




brewers and bottlers of that city. In 
1 88 1, he removed to Winnipeg, enter- 
ing his brother's business in the same 
line, where he has since remained, and 
has become very popular in business 
as well as in social circles. He be- 
longs to the A. O. U. W., A. O. U.D., 
K. of P., St. George's Society, Winni- 
peg Rowing Club, Winnipeg Camera 
Club, Winnipeg Lacrosse Club, St. 
George's Snowshoe Club, St. John's 
Tennis Club, and is a member and vice- 
president of the Liberal-Conservative 
Association, a director of the Winnipeg 
Lacrosse Club, a director and one of 
the promoters of the Home Building 
and Savings Association of 
Winnipeg. He takes an ac- 
tive part in all political 
questions, and has been 
pressed to stand for parlia- 
mentary and civic honors, 
but has so far declined. He 
is greatly interested in all 
that pertains to the business 
and social interests of the 
Manitoban capital. He is 
possessed of a very genial 
temperament, and being a 
ready and successful origin- 
ator of legitimate sports and 
amusements, has become a 
favorite among his fellows. 
In religion, Mr. Drewry is 
a member of the Church of 
England, and holds the of- 
fice of auditor of St. John's 
Cathedral, Winnipeg. He 
was married, in 1881, to 
Gussie E. Kiefer, daughter 
of Col. A. R. Kiefer, of St. 
Paul, Minn., who is at pre- 
sent a member of Congress 
from that district, and has 
been for many years one of 
St. Paul's most prominent 
citizens. Mrs. Drewry died 
in 1885. 



296 



OR 



]VflVEN AGNEW, M.D, Winni- 
^J> ^ peg, Manitoba, was born in 
Edinburgh, Scotland, in the year 
1828. His father was John Agnew, and 
his mother, whose maiden name was 
Hume Tnrnbull, was a descendant of 
the historic Sir John Turnbull, whose 
heroic intervention between his King 
and an infuriated bull gave rise to the 
surname and his knighthood. Mr. 
John Agnew came to Canada in 1833, 
and settled in Ontario County, where 
for years he followed farming, and 
latterly insurance business. Dr. Agnew 
was educated at Victoria College, Co- 
bourg, and McGill University, Mont- 
real, from which former in- 
stitution he graduated in 
1858. For a time during 
his college course, Dr. Ag- 
new was a private pupil of 
the late Prof. Rolph, of To- 
ronto, Ont. On graduating 
he located in Prince Albert, 
Ont., where he remained 
until 1872, when he re- 
moved to Toronto to prac- 
tice. He was afterwards 
associated some years with 
the famous eye and ear 
doctors, Roseburgh and 
Reeve, of Toronto. He after- 
wards removed to Manitoba, 
and settled at Winnipeg, 
where he is now giving 
special attention to the dis- 
eases of the eye, ear and 
throat, in which he is very 
successful. He was a cor- 
oner in Ontario, fifteen 
years. Is a Liberal in poli- 
tics, and a Presbyterian in 
religion. He has been an 
elder in Knox Church, To- 
ronto, and in Knox Church, 
Winnipeg, Man., and a de- 
legate to the Synod and to 
the General Assembly. He 



belongs to the A. F. & A. M., and 
I.O.O.F., in which orders he has taken 
an active official part. In 1863, Dr. 
Agnew was married to Miss Jane Sonier- 
ville, daughter of the late Geo. Ross, 
Esq., Railway Contractor, of London, 
Ont. She died in 1875, leaving four 
sons and three daughters, namely : John 
H., barrister, Virden, Man.; Win. L-, 
cashier of the St. Paul Trust Co., U.S.; 
Harry, a banker in Colorado ; Fred R., 
Winnipeg ; Maggie L., teacher, Winni- 
peg ; Helena, now Mrs. Lethbridge, of 
Lethbridge, Alberta; and Mary, at home. 
Dr. Agnew is a distant relative of the 
late Sir Andrew Agnew, of Scotland. 





297 





r . WM. CAVEN, Pastor of St. 
Andrew's Presbyterian Church, 
_ Manitou, Manitoba, was born 
April 1 8th, 1840, at Stranarrder, Scot- 
land. His parents were John and Mar- 
garet (McRobert) Caven. He received 
his primary education in the parish 
school of his native town, and in 1856 
came to America, and made his home 
with the Rev. Principal Caven's father. 
After attending the Rockwood, Ont., 
Academy for some months, he entered 
the U. P. Hall, Toronto, under the late 
Rev. Dr. Taylor. The following year, 
he entered Knox College, Toronto, 
from which he graduated in Theology 



in 1864. He was ordained at Ridge- 
town, Ont., October i8th, 1865, where 
he remained seven years. Subsequently 
he was three years at Tilsonburg, then 
two years at Fredericton, N.B., where 
he occupied St. Paul's Presbyterian 
Church, after which he was eleven years 
at Buckingham, Que., and December 
3ist, 1889, entered upon the duties of 
his present charge. He is clerk of the 
presbytery of Rock Lake, a member of 
the I.O.F., and a Reformer in politics. 
He was married, January 3ist, 1866, 
to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of the 
late Robert Ferries, of Eramosa Town- 
ship, Wellington County, Ont. 



298 



OR 




TTRCHIBALD E. SPERA, Whole- 
3~\ sale Merchant, Winnipeg, Man., 
VS> was born Aug. Qtn, 1849, i n 
Wentworth County, Ont. His parents, 
William and Sarah Ann Spera, were 
farmers, well-to-do, and held in uni- 
versal esteem. Mr. Spera was educated 
primarily at. the common school, and 
then at the Hamilton Collegiate Insti- 
tute. During his early manhood, he 
worked on his father's farm, and after- 
wards entered commercial life as a 
" knight of the grip," which occupation 
he followed for sixteen years. On the 
i3th December, 1877, . Mr. Spera en- 
tered into partnership with Mr. Cornell, 



which partnership has been continued 
until the present. They do a very ex- 
tensive trade in gents' furnishings, 
etc., from Winnipeg to the Pacific 
Coast, and are well known as a reliable 
and honorable firm. The wholesale 
house of Cornell, Spera & Co. has 
worked up for itself, and deserves, the 
excellent reputation which it bears. 
Mr. Spera belongs to the A.F. & A.M., 
in which order he is Master Mason. 
In religion, he is an adherent of the 
Methodist Church, and in politics is a 
Liberal, and an active and influential 
worker in the ranks of his party. He 
is married. 



299 




JOHN WILLIAM McLEAN, 
M.D., C.M., North Sydney, 
Cape Breton, N. S., was born 
Sept. and, 1856, at Lake Ainslie, C. B. 
His parents were Allan and Margaret 
McLean of that place. Dr. McLean 
received his education at Picton Aca- 
demy and McGill University, Montreal, 
graduating in 1883, after which he 
practiced for three years in Port Has- 
tings, C. B. He then took a Winter 
course in Edinburgh, Scotland, after 
which he returned to Canada and lo- 
cated in North Sydney, where he has 
since remained, and has succeeded in 
working up a large practice. He is 



well up in his profession, and is known 
as a skilful physician and surgeon. 
Dr. McLean is a member of the Masonic 
Order, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, Sons of Temperance, and the 
Cape Breton Medical Society, and is 
coroner for the counties of Inverness 
and Cape Breton. In religion, the 
doctor is a Presbyterian, and holds the 
office of elder in St. Matthew's Church, 
North Sydney. He was married Nov. 
8th, 1887, to Miss Ada, daughter of Dr. 
S. G. A. McKeen and Rebecca Jane 
Hadley, of Baddeck, Cape Breton. 
His family consists of two daugh- 
ters. 



300 



OR 




\\/M. EDWARD EMMONS, L. 
* V D.S., D.D.S.,Winnipeg, Mani- 
toba, was born September 2nd, 1861, in 
Hastings County, Ont. He studied with 
Dr. Neelands of Lindsay, Out., from 
1879 until 1882, when he went to 
Manitoba and entered the office of Dr. 
Benson, whose assistant he was until 
1884, when he opened an office on his 
own account, which he conducted for 
three years. In 1887, Dr. Emmons 
entered the Chicago College of Dental 
Surgery, where he remained six 
months. In the Fall of 1889, he re- 
turned to the same institution, and in 
the Spring of 1890, took his final de- 



grees, as above indicated. He is well 
equipped by education for his pro- 
fession, and it is therefore but natural 
that he should be in the enjoyment of 
a large dental connection. In religion, 
Dr. Emmons is an active member of 
the Methodist Church, and is librarian 
in Grace Church Sunday School. In 
politics, he is a Reformer, and also 
belongs to the Independent Order of 
Oddfellows. On the nth of June, 
1891, Dr. Emmons was married to 
Miss Jennie McCrossan, daughter of 
Thos. McCrossan, Esq., of Winnipeg, 
Manitoba. His family consists of one 
daughter. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



301 



++^^ 

THE LATE HON. AN- 

A DREW GRAHAM 
BALLENDEN BAN- 
NATYNE,Winnipeg, Man- 
itoba, was born in 1830, at 
St. Margaret's, Orkney. 
He was educated in Strom- 
ness, and at the age of six- 
teen, came to Rupert's Land. 
His career in the North- 
West dates from 1846, when 
arriving at Sault St. Marie, 
he entered the Hudson's 
Bay Company's service, 
under his uncle, chief factor 
John Ballenden, where he 
remained five years, when 
he removed to Fort Garry, 
and commenced business on 
his own account. To give 
the details of Mr. Banna- 
tyne's thirty-eight years ex- 
perience in the North- West, 
would exceed the space at 
our command ; he was a 
prosperous merchant years 
before the advent of rail- 
ways, when he could only 
import goods once a year, 
via the ice bound regions of 
Hudson's Straits, or twice 
a year by sending teams 
over land to St. Paul. He also held 
large and valuable blocks of land in 
Winnipeg and Manitoba, which as the 
country developed, became very valu- 
able, but as values decreased, he had to 
reckon with heavy losses, which would 
have been far less, had it not been for 
his open handed disposition, and the 
part he took in numerous enterprises, 
which benefited the public at the expense 
of the promoters. In 1851, he was mar- 
ried to Annie, fifth daughter of the late 
Andrew McDerinot. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bannatyne were, from their wealth and 
influence, leaders in the social circle, 
and were known for their wide and 




generous hospitality. In religion he was 
a Presbyterian, and a liberal supporter 
of that church. He was one of the 
founders and active promoters, and a 
chairman of Manitoba College, and a 
member in high standing of the Ma- 
sonic Order, and of St. Andrew's So- 
ciety, one of the directors of Winnipeg 
General Hospital, and did many things 
to promote the common weal. He was 
also postmaster for Assiniboia, first po- 
lice magistrate for Winnipeg, member 
of the House of Commons for Proven- 
cher, and a member of the N.-W. Coun- 
cil. He died May i8th, 1889, leaving 
a widow and five children. 



302 





,EV. THOS, VINCENT, D.D., 
Archdeacon of Moose, a mission- 
_ ary in the diocese of Mooso- 
min, under the auspices of the Ch. 
Missionary Society, Salisbury Square, 
London, England, was born March ist, 
1835, at Osnabrugh, in the Albany 
River District. He is the son of John 
and Charlotte (Thomas) Vincent. His 
father was an employee of the Hudson's 
Bay Company, and held the position of 
senior clerk in the service. He retired 
from the company about the year 1841, 
settled in Red River, in St. Paul's Par- 
ish, and died in 1874. His mother is 
still living (1893). He received his 



early education in St. Paul's 
Parish School, and then at 
St. John's College, Winni- 
peg. He assisted on his 
father's farm until he was 
twenty years of age, when 
he went out with Bishop 
Anderson to Moose Factory, 
in 1855, and was a catechist 
there for five years, filling 
the position very success- 
fully. He was ordained 
deacon at Moose Factory, in 
July, 1860, and received 
priest's orders in St. John's 
Church, Winnipeg, in May, 
1863. He has been in 
charge of the Albany Mis- 
sion since 1860, and has 
also had charge of the Moose 
Mission for six years. He 
was married in September, 
1 86 1, at Moose Factory, to 
Eliza Ann Gladman, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Gladman, Esq., 
of the Hudson's Bay Com- 
pany. His family consists 
of three sons and two daugh- 
ters. The Archdeacon's 
zeal, courage, self-sacrifice, 
and the hardships he has 
endured, during his long 
term of ministry, cannot be fully 
described, although he considers no 
sacrifice too great to advance the in- 
terests of his beloved cause. As a la- 
bour of love he translated Bunyau's 
Pilgrim's Progress, from the English 
to one of the Indian languages, which 
task took up all his leisure hours for 
several years. His life is an unanswer- 
able argument against agnosticism, and 
he is very popular with all who know 
him. He is often for many months at 
a time away from his family. Former- 
ly, he could receive mail only once a 
year, but now receives it about once in 
every three months. 



MKN 



CANADA. 



303 




fc^^^"^ 

[HE LATE EDWARD WILLIS, 
-*- Postmaster, St. John, N.B., was 
born November 5th, 1835, at Halifax, 
N.S. His parents were John and 
Dorothy Le Roi Willis. He received 
his education at the National and 
Grammar schools, Halifax. The great- 
er part of his life was spent in the 
newspaper business, at which he was 
very successful, and by means of which 
he was widely known. Mr. Willis, 
although a self-made man, acquired a 
thoroughly good education, and was 
possessed of a keen intelligence, which 
resulted from a sound training in prac- 
tical life. In conducting a journal, he 



was eminently successful, and being a 
forcible and vigorous writer, was able 
to record himself with great ability and 
clearness. He also took an active part 
in political matters, and was a member 
of the Legislative Assembly for ten 
years, namely from 1872 to 1882. In 
religion, he was an Episcopalian, and 
a member of St. James Episcopal 
Church, St. John, N.B., and held the 
offices of Church Warden and Superin- 
tendent of the Sabbath School. He 
was married in 1858, to Sarah Adams, 
daughter of Zechariah and Mary Chap- 
man Adams. His family consisted of 
five sons and three daughters. 



304 




\\/ W. GLASS, merchant tailor, 
r ^ 268 Yonge street, Toronto, 
Ont., was born March 27th, 1862, at 
Tiverton, Ont. He is a son of John 
and Jane Glass, who are members of 
the Methodist Church and highly 
respected. Mr. Glass attended public 
school at Tiverton, afterwards moving 
to Bervie, where he continued his 
studies. At sixteen years of age, he 
went to Kincardine to serve an ap- 
prenticeship to the tailoring trade. 
Coming to Toronto in 1882, he worked 
as a journeyman tailor for a short time, 
but soon was promoted to the position of 
head cutter in a leading tailoring estab- 



lishment in that city. By painstaking, 
industry and economy, he accumulated 
sufficient capital to commence business 
on his own account, when he estab- 
lished himself in his present quarters, 
with a select line of goods. He is a 
member of the Masonic Fraternity, also 
of the I.O.F., and is Past Chancellor in 
the K. of P. He has always been act- 
tively identified with temperance work 
and is a popular Orangeman. Mr. 
Glass was married in 1882. His fam- 
ily consists of five children. In re- 
ligion, he is a Methodist. He is one 
of the rising men of Toronto, and 
highly respected. 



305 



THE LATE LIEUT.-COLONEL 
A HON. WILLIAM NASSAU 
KENNEDY, Winnipeg, Man., was 
born at Darlington, Ont., on the 27th 
of April, 1839, and received his educa- 
tion at Peterboro, Ont. He began life 
as a contractor, and subsequently gave 
up that occupation for the study of law. 
He removed to Fort Garry in 1870, and 
received the appointment of Registrar 
of Deeds in 1872, which position he 
held till the time of his death, in May, 
1885. During his life, he held many 
prominent positions, among which may 
be mentioned that of mayor of Winni- 
peg for two years, member of the North- 
West Council, president of 
the P. & W. R. R., the 
S. W. C. R. R., the North- 
West Fire Insurance Co., 
Winnipeg Philharmonic So- 
ciety, a member of the 
Orange Lodge, Grand Mas- 
ter A. F. & A. M. for Mani- 
toba, and in musical circles 
always welcomed. His mili- 
tary career was a very bright 
one. At the early age of 
seventeen years he joined 
the volunteers, and ever 
afterwards evinced a keen 
interest in all military mat- 
ters, receiving the highest 
tokens of recognition for his 
services, and holding at the 
time of his death a lieut- 
enant-colonelcy. As captain 
and adjutant he served with 
the 57th Battalion, during 
the Fenian Raid in 1866, 
and in 1870 he was chosen 
to accompany the first Red 
River Expedition to Fort 
Garry. In 1873, he organ- 
ized and commanded the 
Winnipeg Field Battery till 
1883, when he resigned its 
command to accept the lieut- 



enant-colonelcy of the QOth Battalion 
then organizing. In 1884, at the re- 
quest of the Imperial Government, he 
organized the Manitoba contingent of 
the Nile Voyageurs for the Gordon 
Relief Expedition, under command of 
General Lord Wolsley, and accompanied 
it to the close of the campaign. When 
on his return to his native land, he was 
taken ill at London, Eng., and died 
May 3rd, 1885. He was buried in 
Highgate Cemetery with full military 
honors, His Royal Highness the 
Duke of Cambridge, General Lord 
Wolsley, and many others, being in 
attendance. 




;o6 



+r^ 7S> 
[HE LATE REV. JOHN BLACK, 

*- D. D., Kildonan, Man., was born 
January 8th, 1818, in Dumfrieshire, 
Scotland. He was the eldest son of 
William Black and Margaret Halliday. 
His education was begun in the ' Gair 
School," where the foundation was laid 
of that extensive knowledge of Latin, 
Greek and French, for which he was 
afterwards distinguished. After leav- 
ing school, he was a successful teacher 
for some years. In 1841, he came to 
America and settled in New York State, 
remaining three years, resuming at the 
Delaware Academy his literary prepara- 
tion for the ministry. In 1844, he en- 




tered Knox College, Toronto, after 
which he was for three years mission- 
ary and agent of the French Canadian 
Missionary Society. In 1851, there 
was a request for a minister for the Red 
River Settlement, and Mr. Black ac- 
cepted the position of missionary to 
Kildonan. He was ordained 3ist July 
of that year, and immediately started 
for his distant mission, arriving on igth 
of September at Kildonan, and for 
eleven years toiled on alone, when he 
was joined by the Rev. James Nisbet, 
who assisted him for four years. In 
1870 the Presbytery of Manitoba was 
formed, and in 1871 Manitoba College 
established, both of which 
steps were taken mainly 
through his efforts. Prob- 
ably the most trying crisis 
of his life was the Metis Re- 
bellion in 1869-70, and his 
wise and prudent counsel in 
this time of trouble, helped 
to avert much blood shed 
and save life. In the Win- 
ter of 1 880-8 1, under too 
great work, his health gave 
way, and he went abroad for 
a time, returning in the 
autumn, temporarily im- 
proved ; but passed peace- 
fully away February nth, 
1882. He was an eloquent 
preacher and a faithful and 
much beloved pastor, was 
president of the Bible So- 
ciety for years, and deep- 
ly interested in educational 
matters and in the cause of 
temperance. In 1876, the 
degree of D. D. was con- 
ferred upon him by Queen's 
University. A wife, three 
sons and three daughters 
survive him, some of whom 
hold important positions in 
the country. 



OK 



307 






,EV. A. MCDONALD HAIG, 

B. A., Pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church, Glenboro', 
Man., also at Cypress River, Man., 
was born November nth, 1855, at Bal- 
timore, Ont. His parents were David 
and Margaret (McDonald) Haig, na- 
tives of Scotland, and farmers. Mr. 
Haig received his education at the Bal- 
timore public school and Cobourg Col- 
legiate Institute, after which he taught 
school four years. After remaining 
six months in the Brantford Collegiate 
Institute, he entered Toronto Uni- 
versity, graduating in the Spring of 
1883, and from Knox College in 1886, 



having a brilliant college course. He 
was ordained to the ministry of the 
Presbyterian Church, at Brandon, 
Man., July i4th, 1886, after which 
he was missionary on the Cypress 
Field one year, during which time 
he was very successful, and was 
inducted into his present charge in 
August, 1887, and has succeeded in 
making the Congregation self support- 
ing, and in building them up spiritu- 
ally. In politics, Mr. Haig is a Re- 
former. He was married, October 6th, 
1887, to Miss Jean, daughter of Hugh 
Elliott, of Agincourt, Ont. He has two 
children : one son and one daughter. 



308 



MEN OR 






ISAAC CRISP, Auc- 
tioneer, Real Estate and Com- 
mission Agent, Souris, Man., 
was born Nov. 8th, 1849, at Swaffham 
Prior, Eng. He was educated at trie 
Commercial School, Cambridge, after 
which he was employed by a wholesale 
grain dealer, with whom he remained 
for some time. He then farmed four 
years, subsequently going into the 
auctioneer and real estate business with 
Mr. Hawkes, under the firm name of 
Hawkes & Crisp. In 1880, he came 
to Canada, settling in the Plum Creek 
Settlement, Man., in 1881, where he 
farmed and ranched for six years. He 



represented Ward No. 3, in the muni- 
cipality of Whitewater in 1884, but re- 
signed at the end of his term. He is 
secretary-treasurer of the " Glenwood 
Agricultural Society," " The Farmers 
Institute," "The Souris Turf Club," 
and of the Liberal-Conservative Asso- 
ciation of Souris and district. He 
takes great interest in agriculture, 
stock raising, and all matters pertain- 
ing to the advancement and good of the 
country. He is also C.P.R. ticket and 
telegraph agent, and lessee and pro- 
prietor of the Bell Telephone system 
in the town of Souris. In religion, he 
is an Episcopalian. 



OR CANADA. 



309 





\\/M. McKENZIE McLEOD, 

V \ M.D., ex-M.P., Medical Super- 
intendent of Quarantine Station, Syd- 
ney, C. B., was born July 4th, 1854, at 
that place. He is the son of Rev. Hugh 
McLeod, D.D. Dr. McLeod was edu- 
cated at Sydney Academy, Sydney, 
C.B., and Dalhousie College and Uni- 
versity, Halifax. He took his medical 
course at Bellevue Hospital Medical 
College, graduating from that institu- 
tion in 1875. In 1889 and 1890 he also 
took special courses in the diseases of 
the eye, ear, nose and throat, at New 
York Post Graduate Medical Hospital, 
and this specialty he now practices 



during the closed season. 
From 1875 until 1879, ^ e 
practiced his profession in 
Sydney, when he entered 
the political field, and was 
elected M.P. to succeed his 
brother, the late Hugh 
McLeod, to represent the 
County of Cape Breton, and 
held that honor until 1882. 
In 1883, he was appointed 
Medical Superintendent of 
Quarantine, at Sydney, 
which position he still holds. 
Dr. McLeod is also pre- 
sident of the Cape Breton 
Medical Society, and a mem- 
ber of the Nova Scotia Med- 
ical Society. In religion, 
he is a Presbyterian, and 
also takes an active interest 
in the work of the Y.M. 
C. A., and holds a com- 
mission as Justice of the 
Peace. He was married in 
December, 1884, to Miss 
Hattie Tremaine, daughter 
of Lewis H. Tremaine, Judge 
of Probate and Inspector of 
Weights and Measures for 
the County of Cape Breton. 
His family consists of one 
son and one daughter. In 1886, he or- 
ganized the Sydney Battery of Field 
Artillery (Canadian Militia), of which 
he is the Major in command, a position 
for which he is eminently qualified, 
having obtained a first-class certificate 
from the R. S. A., Quebec, in March, 
1887. Dr. McLeod is a member of the 
Board of Commissioners of schools, for 
his county, appointed by the Provincial 
Government, and permanently holding 
office. In politics, he is a supporter of 
the Liberal-Conservative administration 
in the House of Commons. In his 
profession, he is a skilful and widely 
known specialist. 



CANADA 



JOHN KELLY BAR- 
RETT, LL.D., In- 
spector of Inland 
Revenue, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born June 6th, 1850, in 
Hamilton, Ont. He is the 
eldest son of Charles and 
Bridget Barrett. In 1854, 
his parents removed to Pus- 
linch, Ont., where in the 
public school he received 
his primary education. Ow- 
ing largely to the efforts of 
his father, who took an ac- 
tive part in municipal and 
educational matters, this 
school became so efficient, 
that in one year, six of its 
pupils passed teacher's ex- 
aminations, Dr. Barrett be- 
ing the first among its pupils 
to take a first class certi- 
ficate. After teaching for a 
short time, he entered Holy 
Cross, the famous Jesuit 
College, at Worcester, Mass., 
after leaving which he be- 
came Principal of St. Mary's 
Model School at Hamilton. 
In 1873, he accepted a posi- 
tion in the Inland Revenue 
Department ; his promotion 
was rapid, and in 1885, he was pro- 
moted to his present position, one of the 
highest in the department. He always 
took an active interest in educational 
matters, and was superintendent of 
Separate Schools in St. Catharines, 
Ont., for three years. In 1890, when 
the Greenway Government abolished 
Catholic schools, he immediately came 
into prominence as managing-director 
and editor-in-chief of the Northwest 
Review, the English organ of the 
Catholic party. In 1892, the University 
of Ottawa conferred upon him the de- 
gree of LL.D. One month later, a 
similar degree was conferred upon him 




by his Alma Mater. He became widely 
known all over Canada in the now his- 
toric law suit : Barrett vs. City of Win- 
nipeg, which was taken to test the 
constitutionality of the new School Act. 
Dr. Barrett is a member of the Grand 
Council of the C. M. B. A., and Grand 
Deputy for Manitoba and British Co- 
lumbia ; first vice-president of St. Vin- 
cent de Paul Society, a member of the 
Council of Manitoba University, and a 
trustee of the Catholic schools. In 
1875, he married Sarah Maria, eldest 
daughter of Win. O'Brien, of Hamilton. 
His family consists of five daughters 
and two sons, living. 



CANADA. 





ARCHIBALD, Bar- 
rister and Stipendiary Magis- 
trate for the town of North 
Sydney, Cape Breton, was born Janu- 
ary i8th, 1856, at Sydney Mines, C. B. 
He is the son of the Honorable Thos. 
D. Archibald, Senator, and Susan Eliza- 
beth Corbett, both now deceased. He 
received his education at the Boston 
Latin School and the Harvard Law 
School. He was admitted to the Bar 
of the Province of Nova Scotia in June, 
1878, and has since practiced his pro- 
fession at North Sydney. He is now a 
member of the firm of Archibald & 
Armstrong, who conduct a very large 



and successful legal practice in the town 
and province. He is admirably adapted 
for the honorable and important office 
which he holds. His thorough knowl- 
edge of law and his keen ability to 
analyze evidence, enables him to dis- 
pose of the different matters brought 
before him, with ability and dispatch. 
Judging from his past record, his future 
is full of promise. In politics, Mr. 
Archibald is a Conservative, and in 
religion a Presbyterian. Mr. Archibald 
was married, June I4th, 1887, to 
Zaidee Francis Boggs, daughter of 
George Prior and Frances Ann Boggs, 
now deceased. 



312 



M.KN 




W yENRY GEORGE COOK, B.A., 
<3 jM M.D., C.M., member of the 

VS> College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of Manitoba, Manitou, Man., 
was born September 2 2nd, 1867, at Fort 
Ellis, Man. He is the son of the late 
Rev. Thomas Cook, Rural Dean of 
Marquette, Manitoba, and Ann Bruce, 
of English and Scotch descent respect- 
ively. His father was a missionary of 
the Church of England in the North- 
West Territory for forty years, and 
was widely known and very highly re- 
spected. Dr. Cook received his edu- 
cation at the public schools and at St. 
John's College, Winnipeg, graduating 



in Arts from the latter institution in 
1887. He entered Manitoba Medical 
College in 1889, and graduated with the 
degrees of M.D.,andC.M., in the Spring 
of 1892, after which he immediately 
settled in Manitou, where he still re- 
mains, and is fast building up a large 
and important medical practice, and 
judging from his past record, he will 
doubtless take a high stand in the 
Medical profession. In religion, the 
Doctor is a member of the Church of 
England, and in politics, a Conserv- 
ative. He is also a member of the Ma- 
sonic Order, and of the I.O.F., and is 
physician to the latter. 



MEN 



313 




,EV. HUGH J. BORTHWICK, 
A.M., editor of the Herald, and 
a member of the firm of 
Borthwick & Fox, publishers of the 
Herald, Morden, Man., was born July 
26th, 1824, in the Parish of Glencorse, 
Midlothian, Scotland. His parents 
were John and Elizabeth (Jameson) 
Borthwick, the former being a parish 
school teacher for over fifty years. Mr. 
Borthwick was educated at his father's 
school, Cauvin's Institution, near Edin- 
burgh, and Edinburgh University, gra- 
duating from Victoria University, Co- 
bourg, Ont., in 1859. In 1845, ^ e 
came to Canada, and taught school near 
Montreal, Que., for about 

one year, then removed to 

the neighborhood of Hamil- 
ton, where he was tutor for 
about two years, after which 
he was assistant in the pri- 
vate school of Rev. J. G. 
Geddes, who was also in- 
cumbent of Christ's Church, 
Hamilton. He was licensed 
in 1858 by the Presbytery 
of Hamilton, in connection 
with the Church of Scot- 
land. He was Principal of 
the Newmarket Grammar 
School for about three years, 
then of Queen's College 
School, Kingston, about 
three years, then of the Ot- 
tawa Grammar School, and 
held the office of Inspector 
of Public Schools for Ot- 
tawa for three years, all of 
which offices he filled with 
the best of satisfaction to 
all. In 1876, he removed 
to Manitoba, under the aus- 
pices of the Presbyterian 
Home Missionary Commit- 
tee, and remained in charge 
of the Pembina Mountain 
district until 1884, when he 



retired from the ministry ; and subse- 
quently entered inio partnership with 
Mr. Neil Fox and bought the Morden 
Herald from Mr. E. A. Bailey. Prior 
to coming to Manitoba, he had charge of 
Chelsea and Hull, in Ottawa Co., P.Q. 
Mr. Borthwick is a member of the A. F. 
& A.M., and in politics is a Liberal, al- 
though formerly giving his support to 
the Conservative party. He was mar- 
ried, April, 1848, to Miss Marion Tay- 
ler, daughter of John ^Eneas Tayler, 
S. S. C., of Edinburgh. His family 
consists of two sons and four daughters 
living, his eldest son, John, being reeve 
of the Municipality of Stanley. 




3H 




V. DR. 3RYCE, (Toronto 
University, B. A., 1867, M. A., 
> 1868, LL.B., 1878, LL.D., 
1884), Professor of Science and Litera- 
ture in Manitoba College, Winnipeg, 
Man., was born in Brant County, Ont., 
April 22nd, 1884, of Scottish parentage. 
His early education was received in the 
public and High schools of Brant Co., 
and the Brantford Collegiate Institute. 
At the age of nineteen, he matriculated 
with honors in Toronto University, and 
during his course took numerous prizes, 
especially in higher English and 
Science. In 1868, he entered Knox 
College, where he took five out of the 




six scholarships open in the last year. 
In 1861, he, in company with another, 
raised the Mount Pleasant Infantry 
Company, at the time of the Trent 
affair, and during his University course 
he was a member of the University 
Company, Q. O. R. He was present 
at the skirmish with the Fenians at 
Limeridge, and acted as ensign of Uni- 
versity Company, which was severely 
handled in the fight. He was a gra- 
duate of Toronto Military School, and 
was present at Laprairie at the camp 
under Colonel (now General) Wolseley. 
At the close of his Theological course, 
he was selected as assistant for Chal- 
mer's Church, Quebec, but 

, was appointed to found and 

be first professor of Mani- 
toba College. The college 
begun at Kildonan was re- 
moved to Winnipeg in 1874, 
and in 1877, Prof. Bryce 
was one of the founders of 
Manitoba University. Not 
only in higher education, 
but in public school and col- 
legiate training has Doctor 
Bryce taken part, and has 
held many offices in connec- 
tion with education in Mani- 
toba. In addition to his 
professional duties in Win- 
nipeg, he was entrusted 
with the care of Knox 
Church, and has been pro- 
minently connected with it 
since that time, and also or- 
ganized St. Andrew'sChurch 
in 1 88 1. He was also for 
ten years secretary of Home 
Missions, and for the last 
four years H. M. Convener 
of Winnipeg Presbytery. 
He has devoted much time 
to literature, and is widely 
known in scientific and 
literary circles. 



CANADA. 



315 





,EV. WILLIAM LE BARON 
McKIEL, Rector of Holy 
Trinity Church, St. Martin's 
St. John County, N. B., was born at 
Greenwich, N. B., July 6th, 1841. He 
is the son of Lient.-Col. Wm. B. McKiel 
and Emily Catherine Gorman, both 
descendants of U. E. Loyalist stock, 
his great-grandfather McKiel coming 
to Nova Scotia with Delance's Division 
in 1783, he being in the British Army 
carrying despatches from post to post, 
and on arriving in Nova Scotia settled 
on the St. John River. Mr. McKiel 
received his primary education at the 
schools of Kingston, N.B., and the Col- 



legiate Institute, Windsor, N. S., after 
which he entered King's College, Wind- 
sor, graduating in 1863. In 1864, he 
was appointed rector of St. George's 
Church, Bathurst, N. B., where he re- 
mained until 1874, when he was ap- 
pointed by the Bishop to the rectorship 
of St. Mary's Church, Douglas, N. B., 
where he remained for seventeen years, 
when he was unanimously elected to 
Holy Trinity Church, St. Martin's, his 
present charge. He was married, in 
1864, to Eliza Frederika, daughter of 
Captain John Christopher Rudolf, of 
Lunenburg, N. S. In politics, Mr. 
McKiel is a Liberal-Conservative. 



3 i6 



OR 






,EV. LAWRENCE CHARLES 
PRIDEAUX FOX, O.M.I., 
Parish priest of St. Mary's 
Catholic Church, Winnipeg, Man., was 
born August 22nd, 1820, at Kings- 
bridge, Devonshire, Eng. His parents 
were Robert Were Fox, born at Wade- 
bridge, Cornwall, and Rachel C. Pri- 
deaux, of Kingsbridge, Devon. He 
received his education at schools be- 
longing to the Society of Friends, at 
Sidcot and Fal mouth. After his con- 
version to the Catholic faith, he joined 
the Congregation of Oblates of Mary 
Immaculate, and was prepared by them 
in different houses for the priesthood. 



He was ordained at Abbotsford, the 
seat of Sir Walter Scott, Bart., the 
celebrated Scottish poet and novelist, 
in 1853. Besides pastoral and mission- 
ary duties discharged during nearly 
twenty years in Ireland, ten years in 
England, four years in Scotland and six 
years in Winnipeg, he was for six years 
the manager of a large reformatory for 
Catholic boys, near Dublin, Ireland. 
The life of Father Fox has been 
marked by earnest toil and painstaking 
in his work. His political views may 
be expressed in these words : "Justice 
and Charity to all, and Home Rule for 
Ireland." 



OF- 



317 




,EV. JOHN CHARL- 
TON BERRIE, Me- 
thodist Minister, 
Hillsboro, Albert County, 
New Brunswick, was born 
at Tarn worth, Warwick- 
shire, England, December 
25th, 1840. He is the sec- 
ond son of Charles James 
Berrie, Analytical Chemist, 
and Sarah Russell, daugh- 
ter of John Howitt, of Long 
Eaton, Derbyshire. His 
great grandmother was a 
sister of the Earl of Kil- 
marnock, the family name 
being originally de Berri, 
of French origin. Mr. Ber- 
rie received his early edu- 
cation at Tainworth and 
Horlock's Academy, Read- 
ing, Berkshire, on leaving 
which he was apprenticed 
to Phythian & Co., grocers 
of the Strand, London, 
afterwards he was in the 
employ of Elizabeth Lazen- 
by, Italian Warehousemen, 
then he was manager for 
Wace & Co., and then jun- 
ior partner of the firm of 
John Howgate & Co., West- 
bourne Grove. He studied under the 
direction of the Rev. T. M. Albrighton, 
of London. He was a local preacher 
on the Great Queen Street and Bays- 
water circuits, and in October 1871, 
was one of the twelve that came to 
America. He was stationed in Sum- 
merside and Souris, P.E.I., where his 
health broke down, and he had to un- 
dergo a serious operation. On recover- 
ing his health he was stationed at Little 
York, Murray Harbour and Montague 
P.E.I., then Shediac, Jacksonville, Sus- 
sex, Milltown, and then at his present 
charge, Hillsboro, N.B. Mr. Berrie 
was married, in May 1876, to Hannah 




S. L., daughter of Rev. A. Macintyre, 
M.A., and grand daughter of a former 
Attorney-General of Prince Edward Is- 
land. His family consists of one son and 
one daughter. Mr. Macintyre was in 
charge of St. James Church, Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I., when he married. Mr. 
Berrie belongs to the I.O.O.F., I.O.F., 
S.O.T. and Good Templars, being 
Grand Chaplain of the Order for the 
Province. He is also a freeman of the 
city of London, in the Goldsmith's Com- 
pany. He is a man of much force and 
power ; his services are very acceptable 
and helpful, and much is yet expected 
from him. 



CANADA. 



jm 





,EV. THOMAS HART, M.A., 
B.D., Winnipeg, Man., was 

born iii Paisley, Scotland. 

When quite young, he removed with 
his parents, John Hart and Jean Mason 
Semple, to Canada, settling in Perth, 
Ont., where he received his early edu- 
cation. In 1857, he matriculated at 
the University of Queen's College, 
Kingston, where he took his degree, 
carrying off prizes in classics, mathe- 
matics and philosophy. He was for 
some time head master of the Wards- 
ville Grammar School, during which 
time he also took an additional course 
in French at the Pointe-aux-Trembles 



School. He then returned 
to Queen's, and studied 
theology for three years, 
taking the degree of B.D. 
He was then appointed 
principal of the Perth High 
School, which he resigned 
in 1870, to spend a year in 
Scotland, attending selec- 
ted classes in Edinburgh 
University. While there, 
he was received by the 
General Assembly as a li- 
centiate of the Church of 
Scotland. On his return to 
Canada, he was asked by 
the Synod's committee to 
undertake college and mis- 
sion work in Manitoba, 
and entered upon the work 
in 1872. He was thus the 
first, and at the time of the 
union of the Presbyterian 
churches, the only minister 
of the Church o 1 Scotland 
in Manitoba. In 1874, in 
view of the approaching 
union, his status as pro- 
fessor in Manitoba College 
was formally accorded him. 
The subjects taught by him 
are the Ancient Classics and 
French. In 1877, he was one of the 
founders of the University of Manitoba, 
and has been a member of its council 
since that time ; since 1879 he has been 
secretary of the Board of Studies of the 
University, and since 1878 an examiner 
in classics. He has also been closely 
identified with church and mission 
work and for nearly twenty years he 
has been either secretary or chairman of 
the committee for the Indian missions 
of his church, and in 1889-90, was mod- 
erator of the Synod of Manitoba and the 
North- West Territories. He was mar- 
ried in 1872, to Isabella Margaret, 
daughter of Judge Malloch, of Perth. 



MEN 




^TN AVID HOUSSER, Beamsville, 
I Out., retired farmer, was born 
June 8th, 1818, in Lincoln 
County, Ont. He is the son of Samuel 
and Catharine (Hoch) Housser. His 
father was born in Pennsylvania, in 
1782, and his greatgrandfather was also 
born in the same state. Mr. Housser 
was educated in the schools of his day, 
and his educational advantages were 
few, but he improved his opportunities 
outside of school, and is a well informed 
man. He has been a member of the 
Municipal Council and School Board, a 
number of times, and active in political 
matters in the interests of the Liberal 



party. In religion, he is a Methodist, 
and has been class leader, local preach- 
er, an active member of the Trustee 
Official Boards, and was recording 
steward for many years. Mr. Housser 
was married, October 17, 1843, t Anna 
Gross, daughter of Jacob and Anna 
Bechtel Moyer Gross, who came from 
Pennsylvania and settled in the Town- 
ship of Clinton, County of Lincoln, 
Out., early in this present century. 
He has seven children living, namely : 
Israel, G., Salome, John H., Winnipeg; 
Gideon B., Portage La Prairie; Susan, 
married and living at Thorold ; Isaac 
Wesley, Winnipeg; and Annie Jane. 



320 




WjENRY HALL SMITH, Com- 
c *t"| rnissioner of Dominion Lands 
V> and a member of the Do- 
minion Lands Board, Winnipeg, Man., 
whose duties among others embrace the 
administration of Dominion Lands in 
Manitoba, the North-West Territories 
and British Columbia, and investigation 
of disputed claims to land under u The 
Manitoba Act," was born December 
1 7th, 1867, at Cobourg, Ont. He is the 
sou of the late Hon. Sidney Smith, 
who was a member of Legislative As- 
sembly, and subsequently of Legis- 
lative Council of Canada, prior to Con- 
federation, and was Postmaster General 



in the Macdonald-Cartier adminis- 
tration. After receiving his early edu- 
cation, Mr. Smith entered Upper Can- 
ada College, Toronto, after which he 
began the study of law, and was ad- 
mitted as attorney and barrister. He 
was a member of the Municipal Council 
of the town of Peterboro', from 1878 to 
1883, being mayor during the last 
three years. In religion, he is an 
Episcopalian. He was married, October 
2ist, 1867, at Dundas, Minnesota, to 
Georgina McAlpin. His family con- 
sists of one son, Dr. W. Harvey Smith, 
at present House Surgeon of Manhattan 
Eye and Ear Hospital, New York. 



MKN 



321 



^REDBRICK WM. STOBART, 

-I Wholesale Dry Goods Merchant, 
and president of the Board of 
Trade, Winnipeg, was born January 
2yth, 1859, in Roker, Durham County, 
Eng. His parents, William and Sophy 
(Wylde) Stobart, are both living and 
reside in Yorkshire, Eng. The Stobarts 
and the Wyldes, for generations back, 
have been typical English country gen- 
tlemen, Mr. Stobart, sr., being at pre- 
sent the managing-director of a large 
mining (coal and iron) corporation, and 
also on the directorate of several other 
such companies. Mr. Stobart was edu- 
cated at Wellington College and Jesus 
College, Cambridge, Eng., 
after which he came to Can- 
ada, in 1880, to look after 
his father's interests in the 
firm of Stobart, Eden & Co., 
formerly Kew, Stobart & 
Co., fur traders, established 
in 1874 in opposition to the 
Hudson's Bay Company, by 
his eldest brother. Mr. 
Stobart, soon after coming 
to Manitoba, began to take 
an active interest in the 
Winnipeg Board of Trade, 
was soon elected to its coun- 
cil, and in February, 1893, 
to preside over its delibera- 
tions. It is needless to say 
he is deservedly held in uni- 
versal esteem, both as a 
citizen and as a progressive 
and honorable business 
man, and is admirably qua- 
lified to assist in opening 
up a new country. He has 
also for years been a direc- 
tor of the Winnipeg General 
Hospital, in which institu- 
tion he takes a great inte- 
rest. He steadily refuses 
municipal or political office, 
but accepted appointment 



by the city council on the first Board 
of Park Commissioners of Winnipeg, a 
position he now holds. In religion, 
Mr. Stobart is an Episcopalian. On 
January loth, 1885, he was married to 
Margaret, youngest daughter of the 
late C. J. Brydges, who was for so many 
years a prominent figure in such cor- 
porations as the Grand Trunk, the In- 
tercolonial, the Great Western railways, 
and the Hudson's Bay Company, being 
for several years general manager of 
the former, and subsequently for some 
years Land Commissioner of the latter. 
His family consists of three daughters 
and one son. 





322 



ML EN OR 



T^RANK DUNCAN STEWART, 
-I Clerk of the Mimicipality of 
Dufferin, and one of the most 
enterprising business men of Car- 
man, Man., was born May i5th, 1853, 
in London, England. His parents, 
George McKenzie, and Jane Angelica 
(Wilson) Stewart, were both Scotch. 
At the age of three, Mr. Stewart re- 
moved with his parents to Canada, and 
settled in Guelph, Ont., where he took 
a full course in the public schools, and 
subsequently attended the Gait Gram- 
mar School. He then worked for John 
A. Wood, grocer, Guelph, for one year, 
and afterwards two years for the Great 




American Tea Company, of St. Louis, 
Mo., U.S. In 1873, he made his way 
to Manitoba, and located near where 
the town of Carman now flourishes. 
After watching the development of the 
country and increasing his farm to ex- 
tensive proportions, until the advent of 
the railway, Mr. Stewart removed to 
Carman in 1889, and for one year con- 
ducted the business of the Massey 
Company at this point. Then he opened 
the furniture business which he still 
conducts successfully, also an extensive 
insurance and real estate business. In 
religion, Mr. Stewart is a Presbyterian, 
and in politics, a Conservative, and 
secretary of the Conserv- 
ative Association in his dis- 
trict, ticket agent for N. P. 
and M. Railroad, sec.-treas. 
Canadian Mutual Loan and 
Investment Co., lessee and 
manager of Dufferin Opera 
Hall. He is also a member 
of the A.F. & A.M., Orange 
Order, I.O.O.F., and C.O.F. 
In the Orange Order, he is 
P.W.M. of the Local Lodge 
No. 1490, P. County M. of 
Dufferin, was two years 
Deputy Grand Treasurer of 
British America, and is at 
present Recording Secretary 
of Local Lodge and Grand 
Treasurer of the Provincial 
Grand Lodge of Manitoba. 
In Masonry, he is P. M. of 
Oakland Lodge No. 9, P.G. 
Steward of the Grand Lodge 
of Manitoba, and P.D.D. 
G.M. He was also first 
Chief Ranger of the Local 
Court of Foresters. .Mr. 
Stewart was married, March 
2ist, 1878, to Miss Martha 
Jane, daughter of Samuel 
Kennedy, of Carman. He has 
four sons and two daughters. 



MEN OF 1 



323 




JT. CARROLL, M. D., C. M. 
. Vancouver, B. C., was born 
June 1 5th, 1857, in the Town- 
ship of Garafraxa, Wellington County, 
Out. His parents were Thomas and 
Ellen (Atcheson) Carroll, both natives 
of Ireland. After completing his pri- 
mary education in his native place, Dr. 
Carroll took a course in the Georgetown 
Academy and at the Fergus Grammar 
School. He took his medical course in 
the Toronto School of Medicine, gradu- 
ating in April, 1883. He then visited 
Great Britain , and put in two years in the 
hospitals of London and Edinburgh. 
Returning to Canada, he commenced 



the practice of his profession in Wei- 
land, Ont, in 1884, where he remained 
about four years. He then spent some 
time in the hospitals of New York, and 
finally settled in Vancouver, in August, 
1888, where his large and constantly 
increasing practice is an evidence of 
how his superior professional skill is 
appreciated by the public. In religion, 
Dr. Carroll is a member of the Church 
of England. He is a member of Mary's 
Chapel, Lodge No. i, A. F. & A. M., 
of Edinburgh, Scotland, also an Odd- 
fellow and a Forester. In politics, he 
is a Conservative. He was an alderman 
of Vancouver from 1889 to 1891. 



324 



]VtEN OK 





RED. LAWRENCE FAIR- 
WEATHER, LL.B., Barrister, 

etc., Sussex, N.B., was born July 
ist, 1868, at Sussex. He is a son of 
Douglas M. Fairweather and Sarah 
(Spear) Fairweather, of London, Eng. 
He received his primary education at 
the King's County Grammar school in 
Sussex, N.B., and then entered Dal- 
housie College, Halifax, N.S., remain- 
ing there for three years, graduating 
from that institution in 1890, with the 
degree of LL.B. He was the leader of 
the Mock Parliament of Dalhousie Col- 
lege, and gave promise then of a bright 
future. He began the study of law in 



the office of Mr. Ora P. King, in Sussex, 
and continued it in the office of White, 
Allison & King, of the same town. He 
was called to the Bar as attorney Octo- 
ber 1 6th, 1890, and sworn in as bar- 
rister October 6th, 1892, in which year 
he was also a member of the Council 
Board of the parish of Sussex. In re- 
ligion, he is an adherent of the Church 
of England. In politics he is a Liberal, 
and takes a deep interest in the welfare 
of his party, being secretary of the 
Liberal Association of King's County, 
N.B. He is a young man destined to 
make his mark among the leading 
men of the country. 



3 2 5 



S^TNOBT. ADAMSON, 
|\^ manager of the Com- 
VS> mercial Bank of 
Manitoba, Virden, Man., 
was born January i3th, 
1852, at Stanochy, Forfar- 
shire, Scotland. His parents 
were David H. and Maria 
(Torrance) Adamson, both 
natives of Scotland. After 
completing his course in the 
High School, Mr. Adamson 
was articled to the late Win. 
Shires, solicitor of Breachen, 
with whom he remained for 
about five years. He then 
came to America, and was 
engaged as cashier for 
Messrs. Ogilvie & Co., of 
Toronto, Ont., from 1872 to 
1877. From 1877 to 1880, 
he occupied a similar posi- 
tion with Mr. W. R. Brock, 
of the same city. He then 
removed to Manitoba and 
carried on a private bank- 
ing business in Winnipeg 
for one year. In 1888, 
he established a private 
bank in Virden, and when 
the Commercial Bank was 
started in that town, he was 
appointed manager in November, 1890. 
Mr. Adamson was the first mayor of 
Virden, occupying that office during 
the years 1890, '91 and '92. He was 
also the first president of the Board 
of Trade for the township of Dennis, 
and is still in that responsable position, 
which he fills ably and to the entire 
satisfaction of the business community. 
He was also the first man to establish 
a bank in Manitoba, west of Winnipeg. 
Mr. Adamson is one of Virden's most 
representative men, and has done 
much to stimulate the progress of the 
country of his adoption. As a banker, 
he is admirably adapted to gain and 




retain the confidence and business of 
the public, wherever he is known. In 
1876, his parents and the rest of the 
family came to this country and settled 
in North Ontario County, Ont., and 
subsequently removed to Winnipeg, 
Man., where his father died in May, 
1889. In religion, Mr. Adamson is 
a Presbyterian, and in politics, a sup- 
porter of the Conservative party. He 
is also a P. M. in the Masonic Order. 
He was married, June 2ist, 1882, to 
Miss Effie, daughter of the late Alex- 
ander Caldwell, of Lanark, Ont., by 
whom he has three sons and three 
daughters. 



326 



1VLEN 





FRASER, Flour Miller, 
Morden, Manitoba, was born 
September i8th, 1855, at New 
Glasgow, N.S. His parents are James 
H. and Ann (Turnbnll) Fraser, both 
of Scotch descent. His father was an 
extensive railway contractor in Nova 
Scotia, and one of the contractors for 
sections " B " and " 15 " of the C.P.R. 
in Manitoba. He built the Morden 
Roller Mill in 1885, and is now living 
retired in Morden. After passing 
through the public and Grammar 
schools, the subject of this sketch at- 
tended the Wesleyan Academy at Sack- 
ville, N.B., and subsequently took a 



commercial course in Hali- 
fax. He then devoted him- 
self to the furniture busi- 
ness in New Glasgow for 
two years, and in 1878, vis- 
ited Manitoba, returning in 
the Fall of the same year. 
The following Spring he 
removed permanently to 
the North-West, and for 
some time was engaged in 
the C.P.R. office work, and 
conducting a supply store 
at Rat Portage. Mr. Fra- 
ser, sr., subsequently built 
the roller mill at Nelson, 
Man., and became actively 
engaged in its operation. 
After the Morden Mill was 
built, and had been run for 
some months in connection 
with the Nelson Mill, in 
1891, Mr. Fraser rented the 
Morden Mill from his fath- 
er on his own account, and 
subsequently rented the 
Trehorne Roller Mill, giv- 
ing a total capacity in the 
two mills of 200 barrels 
daily. In addition to his 
large local trade, Mr. Fra- 
ser makes large shipments 
of flour to the Eastern Provinces. He 
is a very active Free Mason, being a 
Past Master of the Morden Lodge, and 
a P.D.D.G.M. He was one of the foun- 
ders of the Morden Masonic Hospital, 
a most creditable institution, and is a 
prominent worker in the Y.M.C.A., 
being vice-president of the Provincial 
convention, and a member of the Pro- 
vincial committee. In religion, he is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, a Conserv- 
ative. He was married, July i3th, 
1887, to Miss Florence, daughter of the 
late Benjamin McConnell, lumberman, 
of Pembroke, Ont., by whom he has 
two sons and two daughters. 



MEN OK CANADA. 



327 





GOVE, M. D., St. An- 

drews, N.B., was born at that 
place August yth, 1845. He 
is the son of Dr. Samuel Tilley Gove, 
of St. Andrews, and Mary Howe, 
daughter of Samuel Fairweather, Esq., 
of Sussex, N. B. The father of our 
subject is perhaps the oldest and most 
widely known physician in New Bruns- 
wick. Dr. Gove received his education 
at the Charlotte County Grammar 
School, St. Andrews, the Medical Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New 
York, and Edinburgh University. He 
finally graduated M.D. from the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New 



York, with first-class honors, in 1862. 
He then practiced in St. Andrews and 
the State of Maine, also in New Jersey, 
after which he returned to New Bruns- 
wick and practiced at Deer Island. In 
1 889, he came back to St. Andrews, where 
he is doing a very large practice. Dr. 
Gove was married April 24th, 1881, to 
Georgie, daughter of Robert Townsend, 
Esq., Chamcook, N. B. His family 
consists of four sous and two daugh- 
ters. He is a member of the New 
Brunswick Medical Association, also 
the Maritime Province Medical Associa- 
tion. In religion, he is an Episcopalian, 
and in politics a Liberal-Conservative. 



328 



CANADA. 





EORGE H. MURRAY, M.L.C., 
Barrister, North Sydney, C. B. 
was born in 1861, at Grand Narrows, 
C. B. He is the son of William and 
Jane Murray. His father was a pro- 
minent merchant in the county. After 
obtaining a classical education, Mr. 
Murray received his professional train- 
ing at the Boston Law School. He was 
admitted as barrister in the year 1883, 
since which time he has practiced his 
profession at North Sydney, where he 
is popular alike with the profession 
and the public. In politics, Mr. Mur- 
ray is a prominent member of the 
Liberal party. He is an effective plat- 



form speaker and an able exponent of 
Liberal principles. He contested Cape 
Breton County in 1886, 1887 and 1890, 
the two latter years running for the 
House of Commons, but was defeated 
after an able campaign. He was ap- 
pointed a member of the Nova Scotia 
Government in 1890, and continues so 
at present. He is an ardent believer 
in reciprocity with the United States, 
and a revenue tariff for Canada. In 
religion, he is a Presbyterian. Mr. 
Murray was married in 1889, to Miss 
Moore, a daughter of J. B. Moore, Esq., 
Sydney, N. S. His family consists of 
two sons. 



MKN 



329 



**^^ 

THE REV. GEORGE YOUNG, 

-*- D.D., was born in the County of 
Prince Edward, Ont., December 3ist, 
1821. His early educational advantages 
were few, and his boyhood was spent 
mainly in tilling the soil. During the 
rebellion of 1837-38, he rendered six 
months active service in the Second 
Prince Edward Troop of Cavalry, and 
in 1871, when volunteers were called 
for in Winnipeg to repel the Fenian 
invaders, he with his son, joined the 
force and marched to the front. He 
was converted in 1840, and received his 
first appointment from Conference, 
June, 1842, being stationed on the Ox- 




ford circuit. Subsequently he was 
called to fill various important stations, 
as Montreal, Quebec, Kingston, To- 
ronto, Hamilton, etc. In 1868, he was 
appointed to the Red River country, 
which he reached by driving from St. 
Paul, Minn. He has been frequently 
designated " the pioneer and founder of 
Methodism in Manitoba." In his 
pioneer work, he conducted services at 
Fort Garry, the Lower Fort, Sturgeon 
Creek, Headiugly, Poplar Point, High 
Bluff, Portage La Prairie, Woodlands, 
Rockwood, Springfield, Prairie Grove, 
Boyne River, Pembina Mountain, etc. 
For eight years he remained in charge 
of his large circuit and vast 
district, during which he 
built the original Grace 
Church and Mission House, 
Zion Church and the Wes- 
leyan Institute, which was 
the commencement of the 
prosperous Wesley College 
of to-day, besides establish- 
ing several missions in the 
Province. In 1876, he re- 
turned to Toronto, and was 
elected president of To- 
ronto Conference in 1877. 
In 1879, he established a 
mission at Emerson and 
built two churches. In 1882, 
he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of Missions in the 
North- West, and first presi- 
dent of that Conference, 
which he organized in 1883. 
During twenty-two years, 
he served the Church in the 
chairmanship of districts. 
In 1878, Cornell College 
conferred upon him the de- 
gree of D.D. In 1884, his 
health gave way, since 
which time he has been re- 
siding in Toronto, doing 
good work for the Church. 



330 



PW^'**' 

THOMAS GILROY, Winnipeg, 

*- Man., Manager of the Sun Life 
Assurance Company for Manitoba and 
the North-West Territories, was born 
in 1848, in Norfolk County, Ont. He 
was educated at the Simcoe Grammar 
School, shortly after which he engaged 
in life insurance business, rising rapid- 
ly in his work and in the esteem of his 
company. He was appointed Inspector 
of Agencies of the Sun Life, a position 
he filled with much acceptance in On- 
tario for several years. In 1882, Mr. 
Gilroy was promoted by the company 
to his present position, and certainly, 
under his management, the volume of 
the Western business of 
this popular company has 
been highly satisfactory. 
Two elements contribute to 
this result : first, the popu- 
larity among shrewd busi- 
ness men of the " Uncondi- 
tional " policies issued by 
the institution which he re- 
presents ; and, secondly, the 
universal esteem and re- 
spect in which Mr. Gilroy 
is deservedly held. To do 
business with him is to be- 
come his friend. He is also 
a public spirited citizen. For 
years he has been a member 
of the Winnipeg Municipal 
Council, and he is one of its 
most popular aldermen, tak- 
ing a leading part in the 
business of the council. He 
has been the efficient chair- 
man of the Finance Com- 
mittee for two years, and it 
is needless to say, takes an 
active interest in the im- 
provement, prosperity and 
financial security of his 
adopted city. In religion, 
he is an Episcopalian, and 
repeatedly has been a dele- 



gate to the Provincial Synod, is a pro- 
minent official in Holy Trinity Church, 
and a man whose hand is ever open to 
any worthy cause. He is treasurer of 
St. Paul's Indian School, and is also a 
director of the North-West Fire Insur- 
ance Company of Winnipeg. In poli- 
tics he is a staunch Conservative and 
has rendered good service to his party. 
In 1892, Mr. Gilroy was married to Miss 
Groff, daughter of the late Henry Groff, 
of Simcoe, Ont., a gentleman long and 
favorably known in Norfolk County, 
having been county treasurer, bank 
manager, and a prominent official in 
Masonic circles. 




MKN OR 



331 





,EV. CHARLES WOOD, In- 
cumbent of St. Luke's Episco- 
_ pal Church, Souris, Man., 
was born March 4th, 1856, at Bloxwich, 
Staffordshire, England. His parents 
were Charles and Elizabeth (Pinson) 
Wood. When a mere youth, he felt 
his call to the ministry, and with this 
in view, pursued his education at St. 
Paul's Theological College, Burgh, 
Lincolnshire, England. He was or- 
dained deacon, January i5th, 1888, in 
St. .John's Church Winnipeg, and 
priest, on the 23rd September, 1888, in 
Holy Trinity Church of the same city. 
He came to Canada in November, 1887, 



and settled at Winnipeg, Man., where 
he remained three months, when he 
took charge of St. Matthew's Church, 
Boissevain, and All Saints Church, 
Turtle Mountain, in January 1888, 
where he remained for two and one 
half years ; and on August 6th, 1890, 
came to Souris, Man., where he still 
remains, and his influence for good has 
already been felt. Mr. Wood is a 
member of the Masonic Order and of 
the Canadian Order of Foresters. In 
politics, he belongs to the Conservative 
party. In 1890, he married Henrietta, 
daughter of the late Rev. C. Brittain, 
M.A., of Birmingham, England. 



332 





,EV. AND. LOGAN GEGGIK, 
Presbyterian Minister, Truro, 
N.S., was born March 2oth, 
1863, at Ormiston, Parish of Eckford, 
Roxburghshire, Scotland. His parents 
were Thomas and Jane (Patterson) 
Geggie. His father was a manufac- 
turer and corn merchant for many 
years. He received his education in 
the University of Edinburgh, after 
which he pursued his theological course 
in Free Church, New College, Edin- 
burgh, and was ordained to the minis- 
try of the Presbyterian Church in St. 
Paul's Church, June 26th, 1888. He 
came to Canada in 1887, and has since 



labored here and has been attended 
with a large degree of success. He be- 
longs to the Orange Society and the 
Sons of Temperance, taking an active 
interest in the welfare of the cause of 
the latter. Mr. Geggie is a young man 
of education and refinement, popular 
with his congregation, and has already 
secured a desirable place in the esteem 
of the Church and work to which 
he has devoted his life. He was mar- 
ried to Janet Mearns Miller, of Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, daughter of William 
and Jane (Scott) Miller of that place. 
His family consists of two sons and 
one daughter. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



333 




,EV. HENRY WIL- 
LIAM LITTLE, 
Rector of Sussex, 
N.B., was born January 
23rd, 1848, at Torrington, 
Norfolk, England. His fath- 
er was head master for forty 
years of the High School 
there. Mr. Little received 
his education from Rev. R. 
A. Whalley, and at the St. 
Augustine's College, Can- 
terbury, where he gradu- 
ated, receiving his diploma 
and the special hood granted 
by His Grace the Arch- 
bishop, to the students who 
pass their course with hon- 
ors. He was ordained at 
Winchester Cathedral in 
1874, by Rt. Rev. Harold 
Brown, D.D., Lord Bishop 
of Winchester. He imme- 
diately went to Madagascar 
in company with Dr. Cor- 
nish, bishop of that island. 
Reaching there in 1874, he 
took charge of the East 
Coast, where the climate was 
so bad that no English 
clergyman had been able 
to continue longer than a 
few months. He remained there six 
years, organizing 14 stations and built 
St. James Church at Andevoranto, an 
old Arab slave market. This was the 
first consecrated church in Madagascar, 
and his congregation there included 
500 natives, chiefly slaves and slave- 
holders and soldiers of the Hova gar- 
rison. He has had more than one in- 
terview with the Prime Minister, and 
assisted in passing a law for compul- 
sory education, for which he received 
the thanks of the government and the 
Queen. In 1879, ^ e returned to Eng- 
land, and after some months spent at 
Oxford, he took charge of the Parish of 




Cheadle, and then of the Parish of 
Healy, Mashani, York. In 1882, he 
was called to take part in the great 
London Mission, when he labored in 
the Parish of Regent Square, London, 
with Rev. E. Steele, as commissioner. 
Settling at Forest Hill, he officiated as 
curate of St. Paul's, also assisting in 
the Church of St. George's, Perry Hill. 
He afterwards acted as curate of the 
Rev. E. Robinson of St. Lawrence, 
Catford. Having accepted a call to 
Canada, he reached Fredericton in De- 
cember, 1889, and was inducted as rec- 
tor of Sussex, in January, 1890. Mr. 
Little is the author of several works. 



334 



CANADA. 





M. SIMPSON, M.D., C. M., 
Manitoba University, L.R.C. 
P., L.R.C.S. and L.M.Edin- 
burgh, L.F.P.S., Glasgow, professor of 
the Principles and Practices of Medi- 
cine, Manitoba Medical College, Win- 
nipeg, Man., was born October i6th, 
1864, at Carleton Place, Lanark County, 
Ont. His father, now deceased, was 
Robert Simpson, a man of sterling 
character, and one who, as reeve and 
school official for years, took an active 
interest in public affairs. His mother, 
who is still living (1893), was Fanny 
A. Cathcart, a woman of noble Chris- 
tian character and devoted to the higher 



interests of her family. 
They removed to Manitoba, 
about 1878, and at nineteen 
years of age, Dr. Simpson 
entered Manitoba Medical 
College, from which he 
graduated in 1886. He then 
accepted the position of As- 
sistant Surgeon of the St. 
Paul, Minneapolis & Mani- 
toba Railway, in Montana, 
where he soon rose to be 
Chief Surgeon. In 1887, 
he went to Great Britain, 
where, in the hospitals of 
London and Edinburgh, he 
applied himself to the fur- 
ther study of his chosen 
profession. In 1889, he 
graduated in Scotland, as 
above indicated, and then 
returned to Winnipeg,where 
he soon became favorably 
known for his ability and 
skill. In politics, Dr. Simp- 
son is a Conservative, and 
ex-president of Dennis Co. 
Conservative Association. 
He is an adherent of the 
Methodist Church, and is 
unmarried. He has one 
brother, a medical student, 
and another (Holmes Simpson), a gra- 
duate in Medicine, who is now more 
thoroughly preparing himself in New 
York. In 1890, Dr. Simpson accepted 
the chair of Materia Medica in Mani- 
toba Medical College, and in 1892 was 
appointed to his present professorship, 
for which he is most fully qualified by 
education and experience. He is also 
a member of the staff of physicians and 
surgeons of the Winnipeg General 
Hospital. He has very rapidly reached 
a prominent place in his profession, and 
also in the confidence of his adopted 
province. His success is well merited 
and will doubtless greatly enlarge. 



OR 



335 




APT. WM. HENRY MORAN, 

St. Martin's, N. B., was born at 
that place, June 8th, 1849. 
He is the son of James H. and Caroline 
Moran. He received his education at 
the schools of his birth place, Sackville 
Academy, N. B., and Liverpool, Eng. 
He was for two years on Her Majesty's 
School Frigate, Conway, and followed a 
sea-faring life for fifteen years, princi- 
pally in the East India and Australian 
trade. He commanded three vessels in 
the Royal Navy, and at the age of 
twenty-one he had the command of a 
looo-ton vessel. He retired from sea in 
1884. He was appointed Justice of the 



Peace, December 25th, 1888, his father, 
grandfather and great grandfather 
having held that office before him. He 
married, in 1870, Georgina Adelaide, 
daughter of Capt. Silas Vaughan, of 
St. Martin's. His family consists of 
seven children. His eldest daughter is 
a graduate of St. Martin's Seminary, 
and is a superior artist. Mr. Moran 
has held the offices of Assessor and 
Inspector for the Board of Health. He 
is a member of the Masonic Order and 
Past Master of St. Martin's Lodge. He 
also belongs to the I. O. G. T. In reli- 
gion, he is a Baptist, and in politics, a 
Conservative. 



336 




W TON. DANIEL McLEAN, Sher- 
<5 jH iff of the Central Judicial Dis- 
vS> trict of Manitoba, Portage La 
Prairie, Man., was born May 2oth, 1854, 
in the Township of Aldborough, Elgin 
County, Ont. His parents were John 
and Margaret (McCallum) McLean, 
natives of Argyleshire, Scotland. Mr. 
McLean has made his own way in the 
world. While working on his father's 
farm, he secured a teacher's certificate 
in 1876, and taught school for about 
six 3 7 ears. In 1883, he removed to 
Manitoba, and settled at Pipe Stone, 
and in 1884, was elected reeve of that 
municipality. He was elected on the 



Liberal ticket, the first representative 
of Dennis in the Local House, in 1886, 
and was returned at the General Election 
of 1888. In October, 1889, ne was 
sworn in as Provincial Secretary, which 
position he held until June, 1892. He 
was also head of the Department of 
Education for the Province, from May, 
1891, to June ist, 1892. He was a 
defeated candidate for the Legislature, 
in July, 1892, and was appointed sheriff, 
October loth, of that year. Mr. McLean 
is a member of the I.O.O.F., and a 
Presbyterian in religion. He was mar- 
ried, May 22nd, 1891, to Miss Lizzie, 
daughter of Geo. H. Strevil, Esq. 



MEN 



337 




\\/ILLIAM H. ARCHIBALD, 

V > Merchant, North Sydney, N.S., 
was born at that place, September 23rd, 
1842. He is the eldest son of Hon. 
Thomas Dickson Archibald and Susan 
Elizabeth Corbett, the former being a 
Conservative and a member of the 
Senate of Canada, and was prominent 
in the political affairs of the Province 
of Nova Scotia. Mr. Archibald was 
educated at the schools of Sydney 
Mines and by private tuition. He went 
into business at the age of seventeen as 
book-keeper, for the firm of Archibald 
& Co., this being the oldest firm doing 
business in Cape Breton, and have 



been connected with all the enterprises 
that have been started in that county 
during the past sixty years, namely : 
fisheries, ship building and mining. 
They owned and operated the " Gowrie 
Mines," at Cow Bay, for over thirty 
years, until sold to the Dominion Coal 
Syndicate in 1893. Our subject was 
admitted a partner of the firm in 1867. 
In religion, Mr. Archibald is a Presby- 
terian, and in politics, a Conservative. 
He is also a Free Mason. He was 
married, in 1876, to Eleanor Georgina 
Hughes, daughter of Geo. Hughes, 
Esq., of Boston, Mass. His family 
consists of five children. 



338 





. WALTER R. JOHNSON, 
Incumbent of Holy Trinity 
> Episcopal Church, Killarney, 
Man., was born May 2oth, 1858, in 
Perth County, Out. His parents were 
John and Martha (Bainbridge) Johnson, 
both English. Mr. Johnson received 
his education in the public schools of 
Perth County, and Wickliffe College, 
Toronto. He studied Latin and Greek 
under Rev. W. B. Evans, of Mitchell, 
Ont. He removed to Manitoba and 
settled at Emerson in 1881, and in 
1882, took land north of Boissevain, 
where he remained until he went East 
to College again, and finished his course 



at Wickliffe in 1886. July i5th, 1888, 
he arrived as a missionary at Killar- 
ney, was ordained deacon in 1889, 
priest in 1891, and appointed incum- 
bent at Killarney. Mr. Johnson is a 
most successful worker, and loves to 
work in harmony with other denomina- 
tions. He has now a handsome brick 
church at Killarney, and the mission 
is now strong and active. He is also a 
school trustee and a member of the 
C.O.F. In politics, he is a Conserva- 
tive. He was married, January ist, 
1885, to Miss Sarah, daughter of Edwin 
Olver, of Killarney, Man. His family 
consists of three daughters. 



OF- 



339 



\\/ILLIAM AGNEW 
V V DENNY MORSE, 
Judge of the County Court 
for District No. 5, Nova 
Scotia, including the associ- 
ate counties of Pictou and 
Cumberland, the two largest 
mining and manufacturing 
counties in the Lower Pro- 
vinces, was born January 
i3th, 1837, at Aniherst, 
Cumberland County, N.S. 
His father, James Shannon 
Morse, was in public life for 
over forty years, and was 
the grandson of an officer, 
Joseph Morse, who served 
under Lord Amherst, and 
in connection with Major 
Allan, a Scotch officer, and 
Joshua Winslow, and other 
officers, laid the foundation 
of the first English settle- 
ment, in 1763, at the head 
of the Bay of Fundy, called 
the Town of Cumberland, 
named after the Duke of 
Cumberland. His mother, 
Augusta Agnew Kinnear, 
was the granddaughter of 
Andrew Kinnear, Esq., an 
officer who served in the 
States during the Rebellion of 1 776, and 
afterwards was the barrack master and 
commander at Fort Cumberland, the 
strongest fort at the head of the Bay of 
Fundy, and which commanded the 
isthmus of Chignecto. Judge Morse 
was educated at a private school, under 
Dr. Hea, and at Sackville Academy, 
Westmoreland County. He studied law 
with the late Sir William Young, Chief 
Justice of Nova Scotia, who afterwards 
offered him a partnership, but he en- 
tered into business with Hon. Leonard 
Shannon, of Halifax, and continued 
with him for twenty years, when he 
returned to Amherst, and became Judge 




of Probates, on the death of his brother, 
and afterwards accepted the position of 
County Court Judge. In religion, 
Judge Morse is an Episcopalian, and in 
politics, his sympathies were with the 
late Hon. Joseph Howe. He was mar- 
ried, December, 1873, to Ella Frances 
Rebecca Boggs, daughter of Richard 
Beaumont Boggs, Esq., a descendant 
of Dr. Boggs, who was selected by the 
British Government to conduct Loya- 
lists from Boston to Guysboro and 
Halifax, and Isabella Jane Russell, 
daughter of Capt. Russell, an officer 
in the Queen's Eight Regiment. He 
has five sons and two daughters, living. 



340 



CANADA. 




JOHN FRASER CALDWELL, 
Miningman, Lake of the Woods, 
Winnipeg, Man., was born April 
i4tli, 1852, in Lanark County, Ont. 
His parents, John and Mary Probie 
Mackenzie (Fraser) Caldwell, are both 
living and reside in Montreal, where 
they are held in the highest esteem, 
his father being a retired timber mer- 
chant, whose family name is well 
known in connection with the famous 
Streams Bill. Mr. Caldwell received 
an excellent education at the Montreal 
High School, where he put in six years 
hard study. When seventeen years of 
age, he entered the Military School, 



where he obtained a certifi- 
cate. He afterwards joined 
the Montreal (Volunteer) 
Victoria Rifles, and went to 
the front. He was also for 
some time attached to a pro- 
visional battalion in Mont- 
real. In his early manhood, 
Mr. Caldwell attended Dr. 
Girdwood's classes in chem- 
istry, and spent some months 
in the laboratory of a chem- 
ist, all of which training he 
now finds very helpful to 
him. In 1876, he went to 
Winnipeg, where for some 
years he conducted a whole- 
sale and retail drug busi- 
ness. For the last four or 
five years, he has been oper- 
ating in his present field, 
latterly as owner of the Sul- 
tana Mine, whose products 
are now exciting unusual 
interest among capitalists. 
The future historian of the 
Rainy River District must 
pay a tribute to the fore- 
sight, courage and dogged 
perseverance of this pioneer 
miner, who, in spite of na- 
tural obstacles (hard and 
refractory ore), Government restric- 
tions, both Provincial and Federal, ad- 
verse criticisms of a number of mining 
experts, heavy railway rates, etc., is 
proving to the mining world that gold 
is present in paying quantities in that 
region. The present development of 
this important industry is entirely due 
to the keen perception and persistent 
courage of Mr. Caldwell, who has suc- 
ceeded against great odds. On the 
28th of December, 1882, he was married 
to Mary Everett Wallbridge, niece of 
the late Chief Justice of Manitoba. His 
family consists of two sons and two 
daughters. 




\\/ A. WEIR, Manager of the 
Imperial Bank of Canada, 
Rat Portage, Out, was born near Gl&s- 
gow, Scotland, in 1862. His father, 
Patrick Weir, Esq., of Lower Strath- 
spey, Scotland, is a gentleman highly 
esteemed and widely known, not only 
on account of his pronounced political 
views, but also as a descendant of one 
of the oldest families of that district. 
A younger brother of Patrick Weir's, 
was the late George Weir, LL.D., at 
one time professor of Classical Litera- 
ture in Queen's College, Kingstou, and 
latterly in Morrin College, Quebec. Mr. 
W. A. Weir received his early educa- 



tion at Aberlour, Strath- 
spey. He then attended 
the old Aberdeen Grammar 
School, and finally com- 
pleted his studies at Aber- 
deen University. In 1882, 
he came to Canada and en- 
tered the banking profession 
at Quebec, obtaining a posi- 
tion in the Quebec Bank, 
which he left in 1884, to 
accept a position in the Im- 
perial Bank of Canada, and 
after having risen somewhat 
rapidly through various po- 
sitions in Toronto, Gait and 
elsewhere, he was in Feb- 
ruary, 1890, appointed man- 
ager of the Fergus Branch, 
and in September, 1891, 
was promoted to his present 
position. At the close of 
his short stay in Fergus, 
his sterling worth and un- 
failing courtesy received a 
pleasant and hearty tribute. 
Nor is he filling his present 
arduous position less satis- 
factorily. Mr. Weir, in 
politics, is a staunch Con- 
servative, but pressure of 
business prevents his taking 
any active part in political matters. In 
religion, he is a Presbyterian. He is 
also a member of the A.F. & A.M. Mr. 
Weir was married, in 1889, to Josephine, 
daughter of the late George Van Felsou, 
M.D., of Quebec, and grand-daughter 
of the late Hon. Judge Van Felson, 
S. C., of Quebec, who was an intimate 
personal friend of the late Duke of 
Kent (father of Her Majesty), during 
his residence in Canada. His family 
consists of one son and one daughter. 
Mr. Weir is a voluminous reader of not 
only works pertaining to theoretical 
banking, but also of historical subjects 
and leading current topics. 



342 



CANA.DA. 



W TON. JAMES COX 
<3 ]H AIKINS, P. C M 
V> LL.D., Toronto, 
Ont., was born March 3oth, 
1823, in the Township of 
Toronto, Ont. He is the 
eldest son of James Aikins, 
Esq., who cauie from Coun- 
ty Mouaghan, Ireland, to 
Philadelphia, in 1816, where 
he resided until 1820, when 
he removed to Toronto 
Township. Mr. Aikins was 
educated at Cobourg Aca- 
demy. In 1854, he was 
elected to Parliament for the 
County of Peel, which he 
represented until the elec- 
tion of 1 86 1, when he was 
defeated. In 1862, he was 
elected for the Home Divi- 
sion to the Legislative Coun- 
cil of Canada until the 
Union, when he was called 
to the Senate. He became 
Secretary of State in 1869, 
in the administration of Sir 
John Macdonald, and retired 
with his chief in 1873. In 
1878, he was again appoint- 
ed Secretary of State, and 
held that office until 1880, 
when he was appointed Minister of In- 
land Revenue, retiring in 1882, when 
he was appointed Governor of Manitoba 
and Keewatin, which position he held 
until July, 1888. He is president of 
the Manitoba and North-West Loan 
Co., and of the Trusts Corporation of 
Ontario, and officially connected with 
several monetary institutions. He is 
a warm adherent of the Methodist 
Church, lay treasurer of the Missionary 
Society, a strong supporter of the tem- 
perance cause, and takes an active in- 
terest in whatever tends to the advance- 
ment of religion and morality. Mr. 
Aikins was married, in 1845, to Mary, 




only daughter of John Somerset, Esq. 
His family consists of three sons and 
four daughters. The eldest son, J. S. 
Aikins, is a broker in Winnipeg, the 
second son, J. A. M. Aikins, Q.C., also 
resides in Winnipeg, the third son, Dr. 
W. H. B. Aikins, is a graduate of To- 
ronto School of Medicine, a member of 
the University Senate and is a resident 
of Toronto. The eldest daughter mar- 
ried Rev. D. G. Sutherland, M. A., 
LL.B., D.D., an eminent and scholarly 
man ; the second daughter married Dr. 
J. E. Graham, M.R.C.P., London, Eng., 
and the two younger daughters are 
unmarried and live with their parents. 



OK CANADA. 



343 




JOHN NEVILLE ARMSTRONG, 
Barrister, North Sydney, N.S., 
was born at Sydney Mines, N.S., 
June 28th, 1854. His parents were 
James Armstrong and Catherine Ne- 
ville, whose brother, John M. Neville, 
after whom the subject of this sketch 
is named, on leaving his native pro- 
vince in 1849, became the founder of 
one of the leading manufacturing es- 
tablishments in San Francisco. Mr. 
Armstrong was educated at the High 
School, North Sydney, and for some 
time attended Harvard University, 
Cambridge, Mass. He taught in the 
High School, North Sydney, for several 



years, and in 1885, at incorporation, 
was appointed town clerk, and treas- 
urer of North Sydney, and is a member 
of the well-known law firm of Archi- 
bald and Armstrong. Mr. Armstrong 
is also secretary of the Board of 
School Commissioners, and takes an 
active interest in educational matters. 
He is president of the Liberal Associ- 
ation of the County of Cape Breton. 
In religion, he is a Baptist. He was 
married January, 1890, to Jennie E. 
Rice, who graduated in both musical 
and literary courses, in Acadia Semin- 
ary, Wolfville, N.S., in June, 1888. 
His family consists of two children. 



344 



MEN 



CANADA. 





WILLIAM MAC- 
CHARLES, M.D., C.M., Prac- 
ticing Physician and Sur- 
geon, Cypress River, Man., was born 
November 28th, 1858, at Middle River 
Settlement, Victoria County, Nova 
Scotia. He is the son of Malcolm and 
Margaret (Mackay) MacCharles, na- 
tives of Scotland, and farmers. His 
father died at the age of 74 years, and 
his mother is still living at the age of 
79, (1893). Dr. MacCharles was edu- 
cated at the public schools of his birth 
place, Pictou Academy, Dalhousie Uni- 
versity, graduating from the latter in- 
stitution in 1892, with the degree of 



M.D., C.M. In July of that year, he 
removed to Manitoba, and settled at 
Cypress River, where he has since re- 
mained, and has succeeded in working 
up a large and highly satisfactory prac- 
tice, and winning the confidence of the 
public. He is well qualified by edu- 
cation for his important profession, and 
from his past record, will doubtless 
stand high in the medical world. In 
religion, the Doctor is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and in politics, a 
Conservative. He was married, July 
i4th, 1892, to Miss Florence Armenia 
MacLean, daughter of Donald Mac- 
Lean, of Middle River, Nova Scotia. 



CANADA. 



345 




JAMES H. HARTNEY, M.P.P., 
General Merchant, etc., Souris, 
Man., was born September 
22nd, 1848, at Arnprior, Ont. His 
parents were James and Elizabeth Hart- 
ney. He received his education at the 
Pakenham High School, after which he 
went into business with James M. Rob- 
ertson, in 1870, at Pakenham, where 
he remained five years. He then worked 
for his father, at Arnprior, for four 
years, then in partnership with George 
Wilson, in Arnprior, for three years. 
He removed to Manitoba, in 1882, and 
for six years farmed where Hartney 
now stands. He then went to Souris, 



and in 1890, bought the store of W. H. 
Hall & Co. In the Fall of that year, 
he opened the store at Hartney, and 
the Post Office there was opened in 
1885, with Mr. Hartney as postmaster. 
In religion, he is a Presbyterian, and 
in politics, a Conservative. He was 
elected Reeve, in 1891, of the munici- 
pality of Glenwood, and M.P.P. in 1892, 
to represent the new constituency of 
Avondale. Mr. Hartney was married 
twice: first, Aug. loth, 1870, to Sarah 
Jane, daughter of Wm. Cowan, of Pak- 
enham, who died in 1877, and second, 
to Annie Evans Cuthbert, of Paken- 
ham. He has six children. 



346 



MKN 




7Y H. S. BESSETTE, General 
^T\ Merchant, Magog, Qtie., was 
V> born July 3rd, 1859, in Ri- 
chelieu, P.Q. He is a son of N. D. D. 
Bessette, N. P., one of the oldest and 
best known citizens of Richelieu. Mr. 
Bessette is also a nephew of the well- 
known M. A. Bessette, ex-M. P. for 
Shefford County. His mother's maiden 
name was Stubinger, who is descended 
from an old and distinguished family, 
in Germany. Mr. Bessette commenced 
his education in Richelieu, but at an 
early age removed to Lougueuil, where 
he spent five years in the High School. 
In 1875, he entered the establishment 



of Hon. P. E. Roy, M.L.C., at St. Pie, 
Que., with whom he remained for thir- 
teen years, and rose to the position of 
head manager. In 1889, he went into 
business at Magog, on his own account. 
In 1892, he was elected president of 
the Board of School trustees. He is a 
member of the I.O.F., and has been 
Vice-Chief Ranger in that order. In 
politics, he is a Conservative, and is a 
forcible and pointed political speaker. 
Mr. Bessette was married, in 1882, to 
Emma, daughter of N. Bertrand, mer- 
chant of St. Liboire, P.Q. His family 
consists of five children. In religion, 
Mr. Bessette is a Roman Catholic. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



347 




V. FATHER LEWIS HEN- 
RY DRUMMOND, Priest of 
tne Society of Jesus, was 
born in Montreal, October iQth, 1848. 
His father was the Hon. Lewis Thomas 
Drummond, Attorney-General for Lower 
Canada (1851-56), and Judge of the 
Court of Queen's Bench, and his 
mother was a French Canadian, and a 
daughter of the Hon. P. D. Debartzch. 
Father Drummond attended the Mont- 
real Collegiate School for three years, 
and completed a six years' university 
course in St. Mary's College, Montreal. 
After studying geology at the Geolog- 
ical Museum, he entered the Jesuit 
Order at Sault-au-Recollet, 
where he spent two years 
and a half. He taught 
classics at St. Mary's Col- 
lege for about two years, 
when owing to excessive 
work his health gave way, 
and he was compelled to go 
abroad for a time. Return- 
ing with improved health, 
he devoted three more years 
to the study of philosophy 
at the great Jesuit Col- 
lege, Woodstock, Md., went 
through four years of col- 
lege work, chiefly as teacher 
of rhetoric, in the colleges 
of St. Francis-Xavier and 
St. John's, New York City, 
after which he went to Eng- 
land, and spent four years 
in theological studies, and 
was ordained priest, Sep- 
tember 23rd, 1883. I fl X 885, 
he came to Winnipeg, and 
was appointed professor in 
St. Boniface College, and a 
member of the Council and 
Board of Studies of Mani- 
toba University. In 1890, 
he was called to Montreal, 
to take charge of St. Mary's 



College and of Gesu Church. These 
institutions greatly prospered under 
his charge, but his health would not 
stand the strain, and he again re- 
sumed teaching philosophy at St. Boni- 
face College, and his connection with 
the University. Notwithstanding the 
fact that the greater part of his time is 
devoted to teaching, yet he is well 
known as a preacher and lecturer, 
whose favorite theme is " the sweet 
reasonableness of true Christianity." 
Father Drummond is a man of varied 
experience and information, a strong 
writer and accurate thinker, a ripe 
scholar, just and eloquent. 




348 



IVIEN 



- 




EO. A. GLINES, Real Estate, 
Loan and Financial Agent, Win- 
nipeg, was born in October, 1849, at La- 
chute, Que. His father was the late G. 
L. Glines, Esq., farmer, who was widely 
and favorably known in that district. 
His mother was Maria Hutchins, a 
descendant of one of the best pioneer 
families of Canada. Mr. Glines was 
educated at the public schools of La- 
chute, and from fourteen to twenty 
years of age, clerked in Montreal. 
After two years in New York State, he 
returned to Montreal and entered the 
employ of his uncle, a large wholesale 
tea merchant, whonrhe afterwards suc- 




ceeded. In 1877, he went to Manitoba, 
and soon made himself familiar with 
the Province, from end to end, by tra- 
velling over it repeatedly. He was in- 
duced, by the late Col. Kennedy, to lo- 
cate at Morris, where he acted as agent 
for properties of the Colonel and others. 
He was the first mayor of Morris, when 
that town was incorporated in 1883, 
and was mainly instrumental in getting 
the charter for the proposed Manitoba 
Central Railway, passed through the 
Legislature, and years ago outlined the 
railways which now pass through 
Morris. In 1885, he went to the front 
as first lieutenant of a company of 
Morris volunteers, under 
the command of Col. Scott. 
Soon after the Rebellion, he 
located in Winnipeg, where 
he established his present 
business. He does an agen- 
cy business in real estate, 
farm and city, and is agent 
for the Canadian Mutual 
Loan and investment Co. 
Mr. Glines is a man of great 
energy, and has invariably 
manifested his ability by 
successfully carrying out 
the many important enter- 
prises with which he has 
been connected. He is also 
a member of the A. F. & 
A. M., and the I. O. O. F. 
He has been largely ins- 
trumental in bringing the 
resources of the province to 
the notice of intending set- 
tlers and capitalists in the 
cities of Eastern Canada, 
the United States and Euro- 
pean countries. He has 
unbounded confidence in the 
future development and 
prosperity of Manitoba. In 
politics, he is a Liberal- 
Conservative. 



349 




\\/M. WARREN HANSCOM, 

^ r Superintendent of Havelock 
Mineral Springs, Havelock, New Bruns- 
wick, was born in Maine, U. S., July 
3Oth, 1838. His parents were Lyman 
and Betsy Hanscoin, of that State. 
Mr. Hanscom received his education at 
the Grammar schools of Boston, Mass., 
and graduated from the Quincy Gram- 
mar School in 1854, and in 1857 went 
to Denver, Col., there being only one 
house there at that time. He after- 
wards went to Salt Lake and Califor- 
nia, and up to Puget Sound, and in 
1 86 1, entered the American War. He 
was in the Rhode Island Battery, oc- 



cupying different ranks from private to 
Captain of the Battery, remaining four 
years, and was in thirty-three different 
engagements. On leaving active ser- 
vice, he embarked in the mineral water 
business in Boston, remaining there 
until 1889, and then went to Nova 
Scotia and opened springs at Middleton, 
remaining two years, when he opened 
the Havelock Mineral Springs. Mr. 
Hanscom was married, in 1865, to L,. 
Adella, daughter of David E. Ward, 
Esq., of New Hampton, N. H. He has 
one son. In religion, Mr. Hanscom is 
a Baptist. He is also a member of the 
A. F. & A.M., K. of P., and G. A. R. 



350 



OK 






EV. HUGH CAMPBELL 
SUTHERLAND, B.A., Pastor 

of St. Andrew's Presbyterian 

Church, Carman, Man., was] born" Oct. 
25th, 1863, in Oxford Co., Ont. His 
parents are Thomas and Isabella 
(Campbell) Sutherland, highly respect- 
ed residents of that county, and High- 
land Scotch, who followed the life of 
farmers in the Old Land, and also after 
coming to this country. Mr. Suther- 
land was educated at the public schools 
of his birth place, after which he taught 
school in Bruce County, Ont., for four 
and one half years. He, however, felt 
called to the ministry, and entered Mc- 



Gill College, Montreal, from which he 
graduated in 1890. Two years later, 
he graduated from the Presbyterian 
College, Montreal, being gold medalist, 
MacKay scholar, and valedictorian of 
his class. He was editor of the Pres- 
byterian College Journal during the 
session 1890-91. He was ordained 
October 4th, 1892, and inducted into 
his present charge at Carman, where 
he is meeting with gratifying success. 
In politics, Mr. Sutherland is an Inde- 
pendent, with Liberal leanings. He 
was married, September 6th, 1893, to 
Miss Isa G. daughter of the late Hugh 
Mackenzie, of Woodstock, Ont. 



OK 




,EV. ROBT. SAMUEL CRISP, 
Methodist Clergyman, Salis- 
bury, Westmoreland County, 
N.B., was born near Norwich, Eng., 
July ist, 1848. He is the eldest son 
of James and Sarah Crisp. On his 
father's side, he is descended from an 
old Methodist family of London, Nor- 
folk, mentioned by Rev. John Wesley, 
in his journal, during his travels in 
that part of the country. On his 
mother's side, he is descended from the 
junior members of the Walpole family, 
who occupied important positions in 
politics in the reign of George I. and 
George II., and there are many tradi- 




tions and relics, as well as valuable 
estates in Norfolk still in possession of 
this branch of the family. Mr. Crisp 
received his education at the public 
school, and afterwards by private 
tuition. He received his theological 
course with the Rev. Thomas G. Keel- 
ing, M.A., well known in certain Divi- 
nity circles in the Old Land, preparing 
to offer himself for the Methodist min- 
istry in connection with the English 
Conference. - He received a letter from 
the Rev. Dr. Geo. Scott, asking him to 
go to America, and having had this 
idea in his mind for some time, he of- 
fered himself for the work under the 
control of the then Eastern 
., British American Confer- 
ence, and left England in 
October, 1871. On arriving 
in this country, he was ap- 
pointed assistant pastor of 
a large country charge on 
the banks of the St. John 
River, N.B. Among other 
charges held by Mr. Crisp 
are Charlottetown, P. E. I., 
Chatham, Portland and 
Moncton, N. B., which are 
some of the most important 
charges in the Conference 
of New Brunswick. He be- 
gan life with the prestige of 
an honored ancestry, and 
by his personal worth soon 
secured a prominent place 
in the Church. Mr. Crisp 
was married, October igth, 
1875, to Matilda E., grand- 
daughter of the late Rev. 
William Wilson, for many 
years on the Wesleyan 
Mission in Newfoundland. 
His family consists of two 
daughters. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order, 
I.O.O.F., I.O.F., and Sons 
of Temperance. 



352 



JVIKN OR CANADA. 



J JACKSON YOUNG, Editor 
of the Moosomin Spectator, 
and Managing Director of the 
Moosomin Printing and Publishing 
Company (Limited), was born June 
a6th, 1868, at Newark, Eng. His pa- 
rents were J. W. and Sarah Jackson 
Young. The family emigrated to Can- 
ada in 1883, and settled at Regina, 
N.W. T. Mr. Young pursued his 
educational studies to a considerable 
extent before leaving England, but sub- 
sequently devoted himself diligently to 
private study, the better to fit him for 
the profession which he had chosen. 
After a short experience in the book 
and stationery business in 
Regina, Mr. Young accepted 
a situation as reporter on 
the Regina Leader, of which 
Mr. N. F. Davin was pro- 
prietor and editor. After a 
few months, Mr. Davin was 
elected to Parliament, and 
Mr. Young was appointed 
editor and manager of the 
business, which he con- 
ducted with great credit to 
himself and the satisfaction 
of his readers, for eight 
years. Mr. Young was but 
nineteen years of age when 
he took charge of the Leader, 
but before he left it he had 
the satisfaction of seeing 
its circulation more than 
doubled. In October, 1892, 
he accepted his present po- 
sition. A careful examina- 
tion of the Spectator, which 
is acknowledged one of the 
leading papers of the West, 
is all that is necessary to 
convince one of Mr. Young's 
superior ability as a news- 
paper man. In politics, the 
Spectator is Independent, 
with Conservative leanings. 



Mr. Young represented his paper in 
the Press Gallery, at Ottawa, during 
the Parliament of 1892, and has a large 
knowledge of political affairs in the 
North-West. While in Regina, he had 
charge of the Methodist Church choir, 
which is said to be the leading choir in 
Manitoba and the Territories, outside 
of Winnipeg. He now occupies a simi- 
lar position in Moosomin. Mr. Young 
was married, August nth, 1887, to 
Miss May, second daughter of D. 
Woodward, Esq., formerly of Norfolk, 
Ont., but now of Regina, Assa., and 
has two children, one son and one 
daughter. 




OR C 



353 





,EV. JAMES FARQUHAR- 
SON, Pastor Knox Presbyte- 
rian Church, Pilot Mound, 
Man., was born August i7th, 1847, lu 
Aberdeenshire, Scotland. He is the 
son of Charles and Margaret (Fletcher) 
Farquharson. The family emigrated 
to America in 1866, and settled in 
Kent County, Out. Mr. Farquharson 
attended the parish schools in Scotland, 
but after settling in Ontario, he worked 
three years on a bush farm. He then 
taught school for two years, and sub- 
sequently attended the Chatham High 
School, after which he taught for an- 
other year. He again went back to the 



High School, and then went to Toronto 
University in 1874, where he graduated 
in 1878, afterwards graduating from 
Knox College in 1881. His first charge 
was Pilot Mound, Man., where he was 
ordained, January 4th, 1882, and where 
he has remained ever since, doing a 
good work. A beautiful church build- 
ing is now one of the monuments of his 
enterprise and ability. Mr. Farquhar- 
son has been honored with many pro- 
minent offices in connection with the 
Church work. He was married, No- 
vember iSth, 1881, to Miss Janet, 
daughter of the late John Coutts, of 
Kent County, Out. 

23 



354 



1VLEN 





JOHN NICHOLSON 
PITHER, Indian Agent, Rat 
Portage, Ont., was born Oc- 
tober 29th, 1824, i 11 Montreal. His 
parents were Robert and Margaret 
(Nicholson) Pither, of English birth. 
Mr. Pither was educated in Montreal 
and Quebec, and in 1846, entered the 
employ of the Hudson's Bay Co., re- 
maining with them twenty-three years. 
In 1846, he travelled the entire dis- 
tance from Lachine, Que., to Norway 
House, Lake Winnipeg, by canoe, via 
the Ottawa River, Lake Nipissing, 
French River, Georgian Bay, Lake 
Superior, Rainy River, Rat Portage, 



Winnipeg River and Lake Winnipeg, 
the trip occupying months of time and 
covering thousands of miles. In 1870, 
Mr. Pither succeeded in keeping the 
Indians of the Rainy River district and 
vicinity from joining Riel ; ever since he 
has been Indian Agent, chiefly at Fort 
Francis and Rat Portage. In religion, 
he is an Episcopalian, and in politics, a 
Conservative. He also belongs to the 
A.F. & A.M., and is a correspondent 
of the Manitoba Historical and Scientific 
Society, whose museum contains several 
interesting relics donated by him. He 
married, June 22, 1882, Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of W. Barlow, Esq., Binbrook, Ont. 



355 





OST REV. ROBT. 
MACHRAY, Pri- 
mate of all Can- 
ada, Metropolitan of the 
Province of Rupert's Land, 
and Archbishop of the dio- 
cese of Rupert's Land, was 
born in Aberdeen, Scot- 
land, in 1831. His father 
was Robert Machray, advo- 
cate, Aberdeen. Archbishop 
Machray was educated chief- 
ly at Coull, Aberdeenshire, 
and King's College, Aber- 
deen, graduating M. A. from 
the latter in 1851, winning 
the Simpson and Hutton 
prizes, and in the same year, 
entered Sidney-Sussex Col- 
lege, Cambridge, elected 
Foundation scholar, 1851 ; 
Taylor scholar, 185 2 ; gradu- 
ating in 1855, when he was 
elected a Fellow of the Col- 
lege, which he still is. He 
received the degree of M.A. 
(Cambridge) 1858, D. D. 
1865, LL. D. (Aberdeen) 
1865, Hon. D.D. (Durham) 
1888, and D.C.L. (Trinity) 
1893. He was ordained 
deacon in 1855, and priest 
the following year. While at Cam- 
bridge, he was very active in church 
and university work, and was vicar 
of Madingley ; in 1858, he was ap- 
pointed dean of Sidney-Sussex Col- 
lege; in 1860-61, was University ex- 
aminer; in 1865, Ramsden University 
preacher ; in 1888, special preacher. In 
1865, he was consecrated second Lord 
Bishop of Rupert's Land, his diocese 
containing some two millions square 
miles, from which seven dioceses have 
since been taken. His first care was 
to revive St. John's College, and he 
has spared neither time, labor nor ex- 
pense to build up that college to his 



tr- 

*: 




ideal, in which he still lectures in 
mathematics and ecclesiastical history. 
He was appointed by the Queen, prelate 
of the most distinguished Order of St. 
Michael and St. George, 1851, and de- 
signated Archbishop of Rupert's Land, 
and elected Primate of all Canada, at 
the General Synod, 1893. He has been 
chairman of the Provincial Board of 
Education, and chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Manitoba since its founda- 
tion. To-day, his own diocese is in a 
remarkable state of efficiency, having at 
the centre a capitular body, with a dean 
and four residentiary canons, all of 
whom are professors in the college. 



356 





HOMAS SCOTT, Collector of 
Customs, Winnipeg, Man., was 
born February i6th, 1841, in the Coun- 
ty of Lanark, Ont. His parents came 
from Armagh, Ireland, to Canada, in 
1836. He received his education in 
the High School of Perth, Ont. He 
learned the trade of printer, and estab- 
lished the Perth Expositor, in 1860. 
He joined the Volunteer force in 1861, 
was gazetted Major of the 42nd Batta- 
lion in November, 1866, and Battalion 
Lieut-Colonel in 1871. He was senior 
Captain of the Ontario Rifles, forming 
part of the Red River Expeditionary 
force of 1870, under Colonel (now Lord) 



Wolseley, and returned 
home during the Winter of 
1870-71. In October of the 
same year, news reached 
Ottawa of an intended raid 
by Fenians on Manitoba. 
The Militia Department or- 
dered that a picked force of 
two hundred men be at once 
sent to the Province, and 
Col. Scott was selected to 
command the same. This 
force left Collingwood, Oc- 
tober 26th, on board the 
" Chicora," for Thunder 
Bay, and marched across 
the Red River on the ice, to 
Fort Garry, on November 
1 8th, after undergoing the 
most severe hardships. 
When the Rebellion of 1885 
broke out. Col. Scott was 
authorised to raise a regi- 
ment in Manitoba for active 
service. This he did in 
thirteen days, and left for 
Qu'Appelle with 440 men, 
fully equipped. In politics, 
he is a Conservative. He 
contested Winnipeg unsuc- 
cessfully in 1874, and was 
elected for the Local Legis- 
lature, in 1878 and 1879. In September, 
1880, he contested Selkirk County, 
for the Dominion Parliament, against 
Donald A. (now Sir Donald A.) Smith, 
and was elected. At the General Elec- 
tions of 1882, he was returned for 
Winnipeg, but did not offer himself for 
re-election in 1887, having accepted 
the position of Collector of Customs 
for Winnipeg. He has also been an 
alderman of Winnipeg, and mayor at 
two different times. In religion, he is 
a Presbyterian. He was married, in 
1863, to a daughter of Robert Kellock, 
Esq., of Perth, Ont. His family con- 
sists of four sons and two daughters. 



CANADA. 



357 




JAS. EDWIN ROBERTSON, M.D., 
C.M., ex-M.P.P. and ex-M.P., 
Montague, P.E.I., was born at 
New Perth, P. E. I., October 8th, 1840. 
He is the son of Peter Robertson and 
Annie McFarlane. He was educated 
at McGill University, Montreal, where 
he graduated with honors, as above in- 
dicated, in 1865, after which he located 
in Montague, where he has worked up 
a large practice. In politics, Doctor 
Robertson is a Liberal, and has been 
prominently connected with his party 
in Prince Edward Island. In 1870, he 
was returned to the Legislative Assem- 
bly by acclamation, and again by ac- 



clamation in 1872. He was a member 
of the Hy thorn-Palmer Liberal Gov- 
ernment until 1873, re-elected in 1876. 
He was a member of the Davies' Gov- 
ernment for a few months during 1878- 
79, defeated in 1879, but re-elected in 
1882, in which year he also resigned to 
run for the House of Commons, and 
was elected, and re-elected M. P. in 
1886. In religion, the Doctor is a Bap- 
tist. He was married, November nth, 
1878, to Elizabeth, daughter of James 
McFarlane, of Charlottetown, P. E. I. 
Dr. Robertson takes an active interest 
in whatever tends to the prosperity of 
his native island. 



358 



OK 





ALGERON SILVA 
WHITE, B.A., Incumbent of 
St. John's Episcopal Church, 
Carman, Man., was born December 
9th, 1866, at London, Eng. His pa- 
rents were Edward Fox and Julia 
(Silva) White, his father being of Eng- 
lish and his mother of Spanish descent. 
His father was a prosperous general 
merchant in London, Eng. Mr. White 
was educated at the Kensington Gram- 
mar school, London, under the late 
Rev. Dr. Ackland, and at a private 
school of Rev. Dr. Dawes, in Surrey. 
In 1885, he came to Canada, and settled 
at Shellmouth, Man., where he taught 



school for two years, and in which call- 
ing he was very successful. He then 
entered St. John's College, Winnipeg, 
graduating in Theology and Arts in 
1893, with first-class honors. He was 
ordained deacon May 28th of that year. 
During his college course, Mr. White 
was lay reader in Canon Pentreath's 
parish for over three years. He is a 
member of the Sons of England and 
the Masonic Order. In politics, he is 
a Conservative. Mr. White was mar- 
ried, August 2nd, 1893, to Miss Lilian 
St. Martin. He is possessed of con- 
siderable natural musical talent, and is 
exceedingly fond of the art. 



MEN" OF* 



359 





ROBERT GUMMING, 
Westville, N. S., was boru at 
Stellarton, N.S., in 1840. 
His father, Robert Gumming, and his 
mother, Elizabeth Denoon, came from 
Inverness, Scotland, in 1832. He re- 
ceived his elementary education in the 
schools of his native community, and 
afterwards attended the old Presby- 
terian Seminary, at Truro, N.S., for 
three terms, Dalhousie University for 
one term, Pine Hill for two terms, 
Princeton Theological Seminary for 
one term, and was licensed at Bound 
Brook, N.J., in April, 1868. After 
laboring in P. E. I., for about two 



years, he removed to New Glasgow, and 
three years afterwards was translated 
to the large congregation of Glenelg, 
where, in one year, there were added to 
the communion roll on profession of 
faith, 163 names. After seven years 
there, he took charge of the congre- 
gation of Carmel Church, Westville. In 
1889, accompanied by his brother, Rev. 
Thos. Gumming, of Truro, he made a 
tour of the Globe, travelling through 
England, France, Switzerland, Italy, 
Egypt, Palestine, China and Japan. He 
was married, in 1874, to Coriuna, daugh- 
ter of Alex. Grant, of New Glasgow. 
His family consists of six children. 



360 



OF- 






I 




JAMES CHARLES STOYTE, 
B.A., M.B. & M.Ch., L.M.K., 
and Q.C.P.I., Sotiris, Man., 
was born March i5th, 1852, at Kinsale, 
County Cork, Ireland. His parents 
were Rev. John and Elizabeth (Bleaz- 
bey) Stoyte, the former being a Church 
of England clergyman, and well known 
in his community for his ability and 
piety. Dr. Stoyte received his early 
education under Rev. Edward Perdue, 
after which he entered Trinity College, 
Dublin, graduating in arts with B.A. 
degree, in 1871. He received his medi- 
cal education at Trinity Medical Col- 
lege, graduating M.D. & M.Ch., in 



1873. He then practiced in Litchfield, 
England, for one year, then with the 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co., for about 
two years, after which he practiced in 
Kinsale, until 1882, when he removed 
to Manitoba, and settled iu Souris, 
where he has since remained. In 1888, 
he started a drug store at Souris, which 
he still conducts in connection with his 
extensive practice, and also operates a 
farm. In religion, Dr. Stoyte is a 
member of the Church of England, and 
in politics, a Conservative. He is also 
a member of the A.F. & A.M., and 
I.O.O.F., and is past D.D.G.M., for 
Brandon district in the former. 



MKN 



361 




J 



OHN BURKILL ASHBY, Prin- 
cipal of Rupert's Indian In- 
QS dustrial School, at St. Paul's 
(Middle Church P.O.), Man., was born 
January I5th, 1850, at Cotes, Leicester- 
shire, England. His parents were John 
and Elizabeth Ann (Burkill) Ashby. 
He was educated at Milton College, 
Rugby, England, passed his Cam- 
bridge examination, and took a busi- 
ness course. He emigrated to Canada in 
1880, and took up land in Manitoba, 
subsequently he qualified in Winnipeg 
Normal School, and was appointed 
assistant principal of the Indian In- 
dustrial School at Battleford, Sask. In 



1893, he was promoted to his present 
position, the first promotion in that 
department through service. From 
1880 to 1886, Mr. Ashby held the li- 
cense of lay reader from the bishop, 
and from 1886 to the present time, 
from the bishop of Calgary and Sas- 
katchewan. In politics, he is a Con- 
servative, and in religion, an Episco- 
palian. He is a member of the A.F. 
& A.M., I.O.O.F., and I.O.F. Was 
secretary of Lome Agricultural Society, 
and assessor for Lome Municipality, 
for four years. He was married, June 
1 3th, 1 88 1, to Edith, daughter of the 
late Dr. Thomas Wright, Toronto, Ont. 



362 




JAMES HEAP, Solicitor, etc., 
Selkirk, Man., was born Feb- 
ruary 2ist, 1830, at Burnley, 
Lancashire, England. His parents 
were John and Mary (Stephenson) 
Heap, both English. He was educated 
at the Burnley Grammar School, and 
by private tuition. He was then for 
two years with his father in mercantile 
business, and came to Toronto, Out., in 
1854, where he entered the law office of 
the late Robert J. Turner, afterwards 
studying with T. A. Hudspeth, Lind- 
say, and Geo. Brogdin, Port Hope, and 
completed his studies with Mr. Huds- 
peth, and then entered into partnership 



with him, which existed until his death, 
after which Mr. Heap continued the 
practice until 1888, when he removed to 
Manitoba. When in Lindsay he was a 
member of the town council and also 
for a great many years of the High 
School Trustee Board. He is at present 
Solicitor for the Town of Selkirk, and 
a number of Loan and Railway com- 
panies. In religion, Mr. Heap is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, a Con- 
servative. He also belongs to the Ma- 
sonic Order. He was married, June 
3Oth, 1864, to Miss Jeannie, daughter of 
Walter Colcleugh, Esq., of Flamboro' 
West, Ont., who died July 4th, 1874. 



IVIKN OR CANADA. 



363 




(^MLAS PURDY, M.D., Albert, Al- 
^^ bert County, N.B., was born in 
Ainherst, N.S., February 25th, 
1839. He received his early education 
in Amherst, after which he entered 
Mount Allison University, Sackville, 
N.B. Upon leaving there he began the 
study of medicine, in 1859 and in 1860, 
entered the University of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia, graduating with first-class 
honors and the degree of M.D., in 1862. 
He then began to practice in Amherst, 
with his preceptor, Dr. B. S. Purdy, 
taking his practice and remaining 
fifteen years, and then removed to 
Albert, where he has worked up a 



large and successful connection. While 
in Ainherst, he was Coroner for the 
county, and also a member of the Board 
of Health, and during the Fenian Raid 
was surgeon to the 8th Cumberland 
Regiment. Dr. Purdy was married, in 
April, 1862, to Mary S., daughter of 
Win. Reese, Esq., of Philadelphia, Pa. 
His family consists of one daughter, 
who is a graduate in music, having di- 
plomas from Mount Allison University, 
and the Conservatory of Music, Liepzic, 
Germany. In religion, the Doctor is a 
Methodist, and in politics, a Liberal. 
He is also Coroner for Albert County, 
and chairman of the Board of Health. 



364 



M.BN OR 




7C LVIN DETTLER CARSCAL- 
^f\ LEN, M.D., Physician and 
V^) Surgeon, Morris, Man., was 
born May 2yth, 1860, in Lennox Coun- 
ty, Out. His parents, Craig and Cath- 
erine (Dettler) Carscallen, were of U. E. 
Loyalist stock, but are now deceased. 
After leaving the public school. Dr. 
Carscallen attended the Napanee and 
Belleville High schools, after which he 
entered the Manitoba Medical College, 
at Winnipeg, from which he graduated 
in the Spring of 1888. Since that time 
he has practiced in Morris, and has been 
successful in working up a large and 
highly satisfactory practice. In Octo- 



ber, 1892, he started a drug store in 
Morris, which he now conducts in 
connection with his practice. In reli- 
gion, the Doctor is a Methodist. He 
belongs to the A.F. & A.M., A.O.U. W., 
and is Chief Ranger in the C.O.F. He 
is also physician to the N. P. Ry. Co., 
and numerous societies and insurance 
companies. In politics, he is a Con- 
servative. Dr. Carscallen deserves 
great credit for the manner in which 
he has fought through his studies in 
the face of ill and constantly failing 
health, but he is now strong and vigor- 
ous, and gets through a wonderful 
amount of work. 



365 





. B. N. HUGHES, Baptist 
Minister, Hopewell Cape, N.B., 
was born at Cambridge, 
N.B., January lyth, 1833. He is the 
sou of William and Achsah (Harris) 
Hughes, natives of Wales. He received 
his early education in the public schools 
of Queens County, and then entered 
the Baptist Seminary, Fredericton, 
where he graduated with first-class 
honors, and was ordained in 1858, at 
Maugerville, after which he became 
pastor there, remaining one year, when 
he took charge at Jacksontown, then 
St. George, after which he [returned to 
Jacksontown, where he was also pastor 



of several other charges. In 1870, he 
was pastor at Upper Gagetown, remain- 
ing four years, then removed to St. 
Mary's, where he remained thirteen 
years. He was then at Havelock, 
Kings, for four years, and on leaving 
that place, entered upon his present 
pastorate, where he is doing a good 
work. Mr. Hughes has been married 
twice : first, November i6th, 1863, to 
Maggie Good, of Jacksontown, and 
second, October 8th, 1891, to Melissa 
Alice Perry, of Havelock. He has six 
children. He is a member of the Royal 
Arcanum and several temperance organ- 
izations, and in politics, a Liberal. 



366 



OK 





jrrlNSLIE LUNHAM YOUNG, 
J^ \ Real Estate, Insurance and No- 
V tary Public, Souris, Man., - 
was born August 23rd, 1868, at Big- 
gleswade, Bedfordshire, Eng. His pa- 
rents were the late Dr. Francis Young, 
M.A., and Charlotte Mongan, natives 
of County Cork, Ireland. Mr. Young 
was educated at the Bedford Grammar 
schools, in Bedfordshire, England. In 
1885, he came to America, and settled 
at Souris, Man., where he farmed for 
two years, after which he engaged with 
R. B. Kirchhoffer, and in 1890, took 
over Mr. Kirchhoffer's business, and 
has succeeded in working up a large 



trade in his town and the country sur- 
rounding, and is agent for numerous 
estates. He represents the leading in- 
surance companies on the continent, 
and the business done by him is highly 
satisfactory in every way. In religion, 
Mr. Young is a member of the Church 
of England. He also belongs to the 
Masonic Order, being Master of Lodge 
No. 27, also Chief of the Canadian Or- 
der of Foresters, at Souris. In politics, 
he is a Conservative. He possesses 
considerable musical talent, and was in- 
strumental in organizing the celebrated 
Souris Band in 1890, and has been the 
leader of the same since the beginning. 



367 





i 




IDEON MITCHELL DUNCAN, 

M.D., Bathtirst Village, Glouces- 
ter Couuty, N. B., was born at Cold- 
stream, Scotland, July 3rd, 1842. He 
is the son of Adain Duncan, a native of 
Swinton, Berwickshire. He received 
his early education at the Free Church 
School, in Swinton, and in Glasgow, at 
the Free Church Training College, and 
the Andersonian University. He came 
to Canada in 1864, to teach the Superior 
school, Bathurst Village, N.B., and af- 
terwards studied medicine with Dr. W. 
W. Gordon, of that place. In 1868, he 
went to McGill University, graduated 
with the degree of C.M., M.D., and be- 



gan to practice in Bathurst Village, 
where he has since remained, and has 
succeeded in working up an extensive 
practice and provincial reputation. Dr. 
Duncan was married, in 1871, to Martha 
J., daughter of the late Hon. Dr. Robt. 
Gordon. In religion, he is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church and an 
elder, and also session clerk. He is 
P. M., St. John's Lodge A. F. & A. M., 
ex-president of the New Brunswick 
Medical Association, a member of the 
New Brunswick Medical Council, and 
an ex-vice-president of the Canada 
Medical Association. In politics, he is 
a Conservative. 



3 68 



CANADA. 




JOHN HENRY SPARLING, 
M.D., C.M., Pilot Mound, Man., 
was born October 29th, 1862, at 
St. Mary's, Ont. His parents were Jas. 
W. and Margaret (Gilpin) Sparling, of 
German and Irish descent respectively, 
who are now living at Beulah, Man. 
Dr. Sparling's early life was spent on 
a farm. He was educated at St. Mary's 
High School, and taught school in On- 
tario for one and a half years. He went 
to Manitoba in July, 1883, where he 
also taught for three years at Beulah, 
Birtle and Minnedosa. He then took 
a Normal school course, obtaining first- 
class certificate, and became Inspector 



of schools for Northwestern Manitoba, 
which office he held for two and one 
half years. In the meantime, he took 
up medical studies, and graduated from 
Manitoba Medical College, in April, 
1891, after which he practiced four 
months at Stonewall, and removed to 
Pilot Mound, in October, 1891, and 
from that time until the present, has 
enjoyed a large and profitable connec- 
tion. In religion, the Doctor is a 
Methodist, and in politics, a Reformer. 
He is also a member of the Masonic 
Order. Dr. Sparling was married, 
August 29th, 1893, to Maud, daughter 
of Henry Judd, of Mallorytown, Ont. 



369 




REDPATH, 
Esq., late of Mont- 
treal, Que., was born 
in that city, August ist, 
1821. His parents, John 
and Janet (McPhee) Red- 
path, were both born in 
Scotland, the former in Ber- 
wickshire, and the latter in 
Invernessshire. His father 
was a mechanic, who came, 
in early life, to Canada, and 
with remarkable shrewd- 
ness, industry and perseve- 
rance, worked his way, step 
by step, until he became 
one of the most prominent 
men of Montreal. He was 
for a time joint contractor 
on the Rideau Canal, with 
the late Honorable Thomas 
McKay, who erected, as a 
private residence for him- 
self, the original portion of 
Rideau Hall, Ottawa. Mr. 
Redpath was educated in 
Montreal, and along with 
his father, in 1854, founded 
the Redpath Sugar Re- 
finery, the first and largest 
in Canada. In this enter- 
prise they were joined, al- 
most at the first, by Mr. G. A. Drum- 
mond, now a Senator of the Dominion. 
Mr. Redpath's busy life always pre- 
cluded his accepting public office of 
any kind, for which he was never de- 
sirous. He has, however, always taken 
a practical interest in the educational 
and benevolent institutions of his native 
city, as his munificent endowments of 
McGill College and his administration 
of the Montreal General Hospital tes- 
tify. His public spirit, tact, industry, 
integrity and generosity have brought 
him before the public as one of the pro- 
minent men of the Dominion. The 
success of the Redpaths is an evidence 




of what genuine courage and determina- 
tion will accomplish. Their accumula- 
tion is not simply the result of propi- 
tious circumstances, but rather came of 
that ability and pluck which compelled 
ordinary opportunities to yield that 
which they sought, thus making even 
obstacles helpful to their progress. In 
religion, Mr. Redpath is a Presbyterian. 
He was married, in 1847, to Miss Grace 
Wood, daughter of the late William 
Wood, Esq., of Bowdon, Cheshire, Eng- 
land. In 1881, Mr. and Mrs. Redpath 
left Montreal, and now reside in the 
beautiful Manor House, Chiselhurst, 
Kent, Eng. 

24 



CANADA 




^T*\IGHT REV. PAUL DURIEN, 
f\ Bishop of New Westminster, 
"" VsS>"* British Columbia, was born 
December 3rd, 1830, at St. Pal-de-Mons, 
France. He received his primary edu- 
cation at the Monistrol Seminary, after 
which he joined the congregation of 
O. M. I. Subsequently he studied 
theology at Marseille, and was ordained 
priest in March, 1854. He then 
started for the Pacific Coast of America, 
going by the way of Liverpool, Phila- 
delphia, Isthmus of Panama, San Fran- 
cisco, and finally landed at Olympia, 
Wash., U.S., in December, 1854. Dur- 
ing 1855 and 1856, he was missionary 



to the Indians in the Ya- 
kima country, and in 1857, 
was sent to the Puget Sound 
country. In 1861, he went 
to Okanagan mission, B.C., 
and in 1865, to Fort Rupert, 
B.C., on Vancouver Island, 
where he established a mis- 
sion. During his labors as 
a missionary, he did suc- 
cessful work in bringing 
the Indians, to know and 
experience the comforts of 
religion. In January, 1868, 
he came to New Westmin- 
ster, as Vicar General to 
the Right Rev. Bishop 
D'Herbomez, who was then 
Vicar Apostolic of the main- 
land of British Columbia. 
Bishop Durien was created 
coadjutor Bishop, in June, 
1875, and consecrated Bis- 
hop of Marcopolis, October 
24th, 1875. As such, in 
1 88 1, he travelled on horse- 
back to Kootenay, starting 
at Hope, B.C., and passing 
through Colville and Spo- 
kane, Wash., and Bonner's 
Ferry, accompanied by two 
companions. The distance 
is about 400 miles, and the time taken 
upon the journey was twenty-four days. 
The year previous, he went from New 
Westminster by steamer, canoe, stage, 
horseback and on foot, to Stuart's Lake 
and Babine Lake, in all about 500 miles, 
and did the work of an apostle, establish- 
ing and encouraging the men engaged in 
the work of God. The Roman Catho- 
lic Church has, at New Westminster, a 
beautiful church (St. Peter's Cathedral), 
St. Louis College, an academy for girls, 
St. Mary's Hospital, an orphanage and 
St. Charles Church, for the Roman 
Catholic Indians, all of which owe their 
success largely to Bishop Durien. 



OK CANADA. 



371 




JAMES DUNCAN, P.M., J.P., 
Agent for Massey-Harris Co., 
Glenboro, Man., was born Oc- 
tober 28th, 1850, in Fifeshire, Scotland. 
His parents were Andrew and Jean 
(Morrison) Duncan. Mr. Duncan was 
educated at the Falkland and Scotland 
parish schools, after which he spent 
some seven or eight years as gardner. 
He came to Missouri, U.S., in 1874, 
where he remained until the Fall of 
1879, engaged in the same capacity, 
after which he removed to Manitoba, 
and took up land where the town of 
Glenboro now stands, where he still fol- 
lows farming, in addition to his other 



duties. He was appointed P. M., in 
1883, and agent for the Massey Co., 
now Massey-Harris Co., in 1886, and 
a J.P., in 1889. Mr. Duncan began 
business life in a small way, but has 
made a success of it. He takes a warm 
interest in public affairs, and is greatly 
interested in the prosperity of Glenboro. 
In religion, he is a Presbyterian, and 
holds the office of elder in that church, 
and in politics, is a Liberal. He was 
married, October 28th, 1887, to Miss 
Catherine, daughter of Jonas Pitipiece, 
of Carleton County, Ont. His family 
consists of four children, three daugh- 
ters and one son. 



37 2 



OF CANADA. 




JOHN FITZGERALD, Chief 
Messenger of the Legislative 
Assembly of Nova Scotia, Por- 
tuguese Cove, P. O., Halifax County, 
N. S., was born September 24th, 1808, 
in the County of Halifax. His father 
was Michael Fitzgerald, who came to 
this country from Kilkenny County, 
Ireland, in 1797. Mr. Fitzgerald re- 
ceived his education in the schools of 
Halifax. In 1848, he received the ap- 
pointment of Chief Messenger, which 
position he has held until the present 
(1893). He was also overseer of fish- 
eries for West Halifax, from 1869 until 
November, 1891, when he resigned. 



At the fiftieth anniversary of his ser- 
vices in the House as Chief Messenger, 
the Assembly presented him with a 
valuable gold watch, as a token of their 
esteem and appreciation. Mr. Fitz- 
gerald was married, in 1833, to Miss 
Isabell Monroe. He has had eleven 
children, seven of whom are now living. 
One of his daughters built an hospital 
at Kansas City, by her own efforts, and 
is at present at the head of the institu- 
tion. His son, George, belongs to the 
Christian Brothers of Montreal, and is 
now at Levis. Mr. Fitzgerald is a 
Roman Catholic. He is an old land 
mark and is highly respected. 



OF* 



373 




THADDEUS STEVENS, 
Senior Editor and Proprietor 
of the Daily and Weekly Times, 
Moucton, N. B., was born at Harvey, 
Albert County, N. B., May yth, 1840. 
He is the fourth son of Elisha and 
Prudence J. (Beckwith) Stevens, the 
former a native of New Brunswick, and 
the latter of Cornwallis, N. S. Mr. 
Stevens received his early education at 
the Grammar school of Albert County, 
and continued it at Horton Academy 
and Acadia College, Wolfville, N. S. 
After leaving the latter institution, he 
taught school for a short time, and then 
entered the newspaper business and 
bought the Eastern Advo- 
cate, at Hillsboro', which he 
continued to publish for 
some years. In 1868, he re- 
moved to Moncton, and es- 
tablished the Weekly Times, 
and in 1877, issued the 
Daily Times, which is now 
one of the leading papers in 
the Maritime Provinces, 
both the daily and weekly 
having a very large circula- 
tion, which, imder Mr. Ste- 
vens' able management, will 
doubtless reach a yet larger 
issue. After removing to 
Moncton, Mr. Stevens was 
Collector of Inland Revenue 
for some years, until that 
office merged into that of 
Collector of Customs. As 
Moncton progressed, he 
favored the incorporation of 
the town, and after much 
discussion and hard fight- 
ing, his party succeeded in 
getting it incorporated on 
the 23rd of April, 1868, and 
on April 23rd, 1890, it was 
made a city. After incor- 
poration, Mr. Stevens served 
as councillor for some years, 



and afterwards was the first elected 
mayor, serving three consecutive terms. 
In 1890, he was elected to the Legisla- 
tive Assembly for the Province of New 
Brunswick, in the interests of the Op- 
position party. Mr. Stevens has been 
married twice : first, in 1862, to Sarah 
Ann, youngest daughter of the late 
Judge Davidson, of Newcastle, N. B., 
and again in 1884, to Mary Jane, 
youngest daughter of the late David 
Caldwell, Esq., formerly of Halifax, 
but then of St. John, N. B. He is a 
member of the Masonic Order, I.O.O.F. 
and I. O.K. In religion, Mr. Stevens 
is a Baptist. 




374 



CANADA. 



JOS. WALTER SPARLING, 
M.A., D.D., Principal of Wes- 
ley College, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born February i4th, 1843, i n the 
Township of Blanchard, County of 
Perth, Ont. His father was Lieut.-Col. 
John Sparling, who, for years, was 
chief magistrate of St. Mary's, Ont., 
and whose wife was Mary Williams, a 
descendant of Philip Guier. They were 
very worthy people of German-Irish 
descent, of the Palatine stock of historic 
note, in connection with the introduc- 
tion of Methodism into the United 
States and Canada. Dr. Sparling was 
educated at St. Mary's High School, 





under the principalship of Dr. McLel- 
lan, at Victoria University, Cobourg, 
and at Garrett Biblical Institute, of the 
North-Western University, 111. He 
received the degree of B.A. from Vic- 
toria University in May, 1871, and the 
degree of B.D. in June following, from 
Garrett Biblical Institute ; M.A. three 
years later, and D.D. from his " Alma 
Mater" in 1889. In June, 1871, the 
doctor was ordained as a Methodist 
minister, at Belleville, Ont., by the 
Rev. William Morley Puncheon, LL.D. 
He has filled the following appoint- 
ments with much acceptance, viz.: Bel- 
mont, Lloydtown, Chicago, 111., Mont- 
treal (twice), Ayliner, P.Q., 
Quebec, Ottawa and King- 
ston. In 1888, Dr. Sparling 
was selected to fill his pre- 
sent responsible position, 
and the remarkable progress 
and brilliant success of the 
college are at once a tribute 
to its Principal, and to the 
wisdom of the choice. He 
possesses, in a marked de- 
gree, those qualities of head 
and heart, so necessary to 
the success of the prominent 
position which he fills. He 
was a delegate to the first 
General Conference in 1874, 
as well as to the General 
Conferences of 1878, 1886 
and 1890 ; was financial 
secretary from 1874 to 1883, 
and chairman of District in 
1884-85, and president of 
the Montreal Conference 
from June, 1888, to June, 
1889. In 1871, Principal 
Sparling was married to 
Susie Weir, daughter of ex- 
alderman Kerr, of Toronto. 
His family consists of two 
sons and one daughter, liv- 
ing, and one son deceased. 



375 





,EV. ANDREW STEWART, 
B.D., Professor of Systematic 
_ Theology, Hebrew, and Old 
Testament Exagesis in Wesley College, 
Winnipeg, Man., was born June i8th, 
1852, in the Township of Albion, Peel 
County, Ont. His parents, John and 
Mary (Jameson) Stewart, natives of the 
North of Ireland, settled in that district 
early in the present century, and were 
among the most highly respected pion- 
eers of that part of the country. Prof. 
Stewart received his early education at 
the public and High schools, after 
which he taught school for four years 
in the counties of Peel, Simcoe and 



York, his last school being 
that of the village of Schom- 
berg, in North York. He 
then entered Victoria Uni- 
versity, from which he gra- 
duated in 1879. He was 
ordained at the Port Hope 
Conference, and shortly af- 
terwards went to Manitoba, 
and at once entered upon 
active Church work. For 
the next ten years, he had 
many Methodist churches 
to organize, chiefly in South- 
ern Manitoba, making Crys- 
tal City his headquarters. 
About the same time, he re- 
ceived the appointment of 
inspector of public schools, 
a position he held many 
years, and being the first 
inspector of public schools 
in the counties of Turtle 
Mountain and Souris River, 
he organized the majority 
of the schools there. For 
this work or organization, 
Prof. Stewart was well fitted, 
he was one of the first to 
publicly advocate a uniform 
system of public schools for 
Manitoba, and by special 
request of Premier Greenway, formed 
one of the committee that drafted the 
now celebrated School Law. In 1889, 
he was invited to the pastorate of the 
Fort Rouge Church, Winnipeg, which 
he accepted, and in 1890, he was asked 
to accept his present chair in Wesley 
College. He has been honored by his 
clerical brethren in Manitoba, with the 
positions of chairman of his district, 
secretary of the Conference and presi- 
dent of the Conference. In 1880, he 
married Miss Mary A. Sharp, of Min- 
neapolis, Minn., U. S. In politics, he 
is an Independent, and has always ex- 
ercised his franchise in that way. 



OR 




I.KING, 

M.A. (Edinburgh), 
_ D.D. (Knox Col- 
lege, Toronto), Principal of 
Manitoba College, Winni- 
peg, Man., Lecturer in Men- 
tal and Moral Science and 
German, and Professor of 
Theology, Greek and Heb- 
rew Exegesis, was born 
May 25th, 1829, in Yetholm, 
Roxburghshire, Scotland. 
His parents were Ralph 
King and Mary Scott. Dr. 
King began his education 
at the parish schools of 
Yetholm and Mertoun, con- 
tinued it at the University 
of Edinburgh, and took the 
degree of M.A. with honors 
in Mathematics, in 1854. 
He studied Theology in 
Edinburgh, and was licensed 
in 1855. He also attended 
the University of Halle in 
1855-56, taking the classes 
of professors Tholuckjulius 
Miiller and Roediger. He 
then came to Canada as a 
missionary in 1856, and 
during one year visited most 
of the vacant congregations 
and mission stations of the then United 
Presbyterian Church, from Kincardine, 
Ont., to New Glasgow, Que. He also 
spent three months in Gait, where he 
organized a new congregation. In 1857, 
he was called to the Congregations of 
Columbus and Brooklin, Ontario Coun- 
ty, Ont., and ordained in October of 
that year, and in March, 1863, was called 
to Gould Street Church, Toronto, and 
was inducted in May of that year. The 
membership there increased from about 
one hundred to nearly six hundred, and 
a new and handsome stone church was 
built, now known as St. James Square 
Presbyterian Church. Dr. King was 




moderator of the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church in 1883, and 
was also appointed by the Assembly, 
Principal of Manitoba College and Pro- 
fessor of Theology. He was released 
from the pastorate of St. James Square 
in October, 1883, and inducted into the 
principalship at Winnipeg, as above 
indicated. The college has prospered 
greatly under his direction, a large 
debt having been removed, and exten- 
sive improvements and additions having 
been made. Dr. King was married, 
December 4th, 1873, to Janet Macpher- 
son daughter of Hugh and Mary 
Skinner. Mrs. King died in 1886. 



IVEKN OR 



377 




ylEUT.-COL. CHARLES MUS- 
I GRAVE BOSWELL, A.D.C., 
^V Winnipeg, Commanding goth 
Rifles of Canada, was born in Cobourg, 
Ont., July loth, 1849. He is the young- 
est son of the late Lieut-Col. John 
Crease Bos well, and grandson of the 
late Admiral the Hon. Walter Boswell, 
R.N. He was educated at the Cobourg 
Grammar School, and Upper Canada 
College, Toronto, and received his mili- 
tary instruction under Lieut.-Col. Low- 
ry of the 47th, Lieut.-Col. Jennings of 
the 1 3th Hussars, and Capt. Penn, of the 
Royal Artillery. Col. Boswell was on 
active service for six months during the 



Fenian Raid, saw stern service in the 
North- West Rebellion of 1885, as 
Major of the goth Rifles, and was 
specially mentioned in despatches by 
Major General Middleton, he also saw 
action in 1866 Fenian Raid. On the 
command of the goth becoming vacant, 
he was appointed Lieut. -Colonel, and 
shortly afterwards A. D. C. to the Gov- 
ernor-General of Canada, for Manitoba. 
He has been in the Civil service for 
fifteen years. In politics, the Colonel 
is a staunch Conservative, and in re- 
ligion, a member of the Church of Eng- 
land. In 1874, he married Emily, eldest 
daughter of John Lasher, of Bath, Ont. 



378 



CANADA. 






. SAMUEL POLSON, Pastor, 
Presbyterian Church, Hartney, 
s> Man., was born September 
25th, 1847, i n the Kildonan Settlement, 
near Fort Garry. His parents were 
Angus and Anne (Henderson) Poison, 
who were also born in that place, and 
whose ancestors came from Scotland. 
Mr. Poison was educated in the parish 
school of Kildoaan, after which he 
worked for a time on the farm. He 
entered Manitoba College, Winnipeg, 
in the Spring of 1871, and graduated 
in arts, in 1875, and in theology, in 
1878. He then took the session of 
1878-79, in Knox College, Toronto, and 



was ordained, at Winnipeg, in January, 
1880. He was in the mission field at 
Millbrook and Clear Springs, Mani- 
toba, for six years, then at Nelson, 
Man., for four years, and was appointed 
to his present charge, in October, 1890. 
The church at Hartney, when Mr. Pol- 
son took charge of it, was new and 
weak, but under his pastorate it has 
greatly prospered, and may now be 
termed strong. He is thoroughly de- 
voted to his work, and good results 
follow from his labors. In 1888, he was 
moderator of the Rockford Presbytery. 
He is D.D.H.C.R. of the I.O.F., and 
in politics, is an Independent Reformer. 



379 




INKSTER, Winnipeg, 
Sheriff of the Eastern Judicial 
District of Manitoba, was 
born August 3rd, 1843, on * ne historic 
battle field Seven Oaks, or perhaps 
more properly speaking, the site of the 
unhappy massacre of the Red River 
Settlers, under Governor Semple, 1816, 
which spot is just outside the city 
limits of Winnipeg (North Side), and 
is marked by a granite monument, 
erected by the Historical Society, in 
1891. Sheriff Inkster's parents, were 
John and Mary (Sinclair) Inkster, both 
his'grandfathers being natives of Ork- 
ney," Scotland, and fellow voyagers of 




Lord Selkirk, to the Red River Settle- 
ment, early in this century. He was 
educated at the St. John Parochial 
School, after which he worked on his 
father's farm. On the i6th of March, 
1871, he was married to Miss Annie 
Tait, daughter of Mr. Wm. Tait, who 
also came from Orkney. They have 
five sons and two daughters. The 
Sheriff's father, John Inkster, who died 
in 1874, was a man of considerable in- 
fluence and force of character. He was 
a farmer, and for some years a mer- 
chant. In 1857, he was appointed a 
member of the Council of Assiniboia, 
an appointment which he held until 
the transfer of the colony to 
the Dominion Government, 
in 1870. Sheriff Inkster 
was one of the first Legis- 
lative councillors of Mani- 
toba, a position he held 
throughout the existence of 
that body, from 1871-76. 
He was speaker, and had 
the casting vote to abolish 
it. In 1874, he was Minis- 
ter of Agriculture, and pres- 
ident of the Council till 
1876, when he was ap- 
pointed High Sheriff of the 
then Province of Manitoba. 
In 1 88 1, when the growing 
province was divided into 
three districts, he was re- 
tained as Sheriff of the East- 
ern Judicial District, a posi- 
tion he still holds. The 
Sheriff is an Episcopalian 
in religion, and a member 
of the A.F. & A.M. He 
is universally held in the 
highest esteem, and admired 
and honored for the char- 
acter and ability, which 
have enabled him to fill 
the various important of- 
fices mentioned. 



3 8o 



JH. ASHDOWN, J.P., Hard- 
ware Merchant, Winnipeg, 
Man., was born in London, 
Eng., in 1844, but the family removed 
to Ontario soon after. His early edu- 
cation was somewhat limited, yet he is 
to-day, and lias been for years, one of 
the best informed men in the West, on 
the leading questions of the day, Civic, 
Provincial and Dominion. When eigh- 
teen years of age, he struck out for 
himself, and after spending some time 
in Ontario, went West, where he im- 
bibed that love for the freedom of a new 
country, which caused him, in 1868, to 
locate in Winnipeg, and about a year 
afterwards went into busi- 
ness on his own account, in , 
a comparatively small way. 
During the Rebellion of 
1869-70, he was for nearly 
three months one of Riel's 
prisoners, in Fort Garry, 
closely confined, ill fed, and 
badly treated, but from the 
time of his release, his busi- 
ness has, by dint of perse- 
verance, industry and fore- 
sight, grown to its present 
gigantic proportions. In 
1871, Mr. Ashdown was ap- 
pointed a J.P., by Governor 
Archibald, which position 
he still holds. He has 
grown up with the country, 
so that to write his bio- 
graphy, would be to write 
the history of the city and 
province of his adoption, for 
he has been prominently 
identified with all its best 
interests. He was chair- 
man of the Citizens' Com- 
mittee, which secured in- 
corporation for the city, was 
president of the Winnipeg 
Board of Trade, during the 
Disallowance Agitation, and 



in his valedictory, in 1887, called in no 
mistakeable terms, federal attention to 
the position and feeling of the country 
anent the same. Mr. Ashdown is a 
member of the Board of Wesley Col- 
lege, of which he was one of the foun- 
ders, has been a member of the Hospi- 
tal Board, School Board, City Council, 
Board of Trustees of Grace Methodist 
Church, etc., and has always taken a 
practical part in the interests of any 
good cause. In politics, he is an Inde- 
pendant, and has the courage of his 
convictions. In 1876, Mr. Ashdown 
married Miss Susan Crowson, of Win- 
nipeg. He has four children, living. 




CANADA. 



381 





. GEORGE HENRY LONG, 

Methodist Minister, Souris, 
Man., was born September 
2ist, 1857, in Peel County, Ont. His 
p&rents are Richard and Ann Long. 
When Mr. Long was five years of age, 
the family removed to Simcoe County, 
and when seven years of age, he began 
his education in the public school, 
after which he taught school for three 
years, and then entered the Collegiate 
Institute at Collingwood, remaining 
one year. He was then engaged as 
local preacher for one year, and in 1882, 
went to Manitoba as missionary, spend- 
ing one year atPembina Mountain, one 



year at Deloraine, one year at Riding 
Mountain, and one year at Beulah. 
He was ordained in 1886, at Winnipeg, 
after which he spent one year at Rat 
Portage, three years at Edmonton, 
three years at Boissevain, where he 
was appointed to his present charge, 
in June, 1893. Mr. Long belongs to 
the Royal Templars, I.O.O.F., and is 
a Past member of the Grand Council of 
the former. In politics, he is a Liberal. 
He was married, June 3Oth, 1886, to 
Miss Maggie McHaffie, daughter of the 
late Peter McHaffie, of Dunediu, Ont. 
Mrs. Long died in October, 1892. He 
has one son and two daughters. 



3 82 



OF- 




JOHN MOIR, Proprietor of the 
Roller Mills, Holland, Man., 
was born January nth, 1848, 
at Aberdeenshire, Scotland. His pa- 
rents were William and Isabella (Tay- 
lor) Moir, farmers, but now deceased. 
Mr. Moir was educated at the parish of 
Chapel of Garioch, Aberdeenshire, 
Scotland, after which he farmed with 
his father for some years. In the 
Spring of 1869, he came to America, 
and settled at Montreal, where he was 
employed as clerk in a hardware estab- 
lishment for some ten years. In 1879, 
he removed to Manitoba, and took up 
land near Holland. In 1886, he opened 



a lumber yard there, and two years 
later, bought the mill from the Holland 
Milling Co., which he has since con- 
ducted, and he is now known to be one 
of the foremost millers of the Province. 
His flour took first prize in the Mani- 
toba exhibit at the World's Fair, Chi- 
cago, in 1893, and the judges at that 
Fair, pronounced it to be the best in 
the world. In religion, Mr. Moir is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and in politics, a Reformer. He is also 
a member of the Masonic Order, and 
of the Independent Order of Oddfel- 
lows, and was Reeve of South Norfolk 
for four years. 



MKN 



383 



^V/rAJOR STEWART 
J.VI MULVEY, Secre- 

vS> tary-Treasurer of 
the Winnipeg Public School 
Board, was born in May, 
1834, in Sligo, Ireland. His 
parents were Henry and 
Barbara (McGee) Mulvey. 
He was educated and re- 
ceived his training at the 
Irish National schools. In 
1854, he was invited by the 
late Dr. Ryerson to come to 
Canada, and for fourteen 
years taught in Haldimand 
County, where he rose in 
the ranks to the highest 
place of honor, viz.: that of 
president of the County As- 
sociation, which he organ- 
ized and which presidency 
he held for four consecutive 
years. In 1870, he joined 
the Red River Expedition 
as ensign, under the com- 
mand of Col. (now Lord) 
Wolseley. He remained 
in Winnipeg, and in 1871, 
founded the Liberal, which 
he edited two years, when 
he was appointed Collector 
of Inland Revenue, having 
organized the Manitoba Department. 
In 1882, he contested Selkirk for the 
House of Commons, but was defeated. 
He was one of the first school trustees 
of Winnipeg, of which he was chairman 
for many years. In 1885, he went to 
the front as Major of the 95th Manitoba 
Grenadiers. In 1885, he was appointed 
to his present position. For twelve 
years, he was a member of the Provin- 
cial Board of Education, and drafted 
the first School Act governing cities 
and towns in Manitoba. For twelve 
years, he was a member of the Winni- 
peg City Council, and in 1889, came 
within a few votes of being elected 




mayor. In politics, he was formerly 
Conservative, but when the Jesuit ques- 
tion was before the Canadian public, 
he became Independent. In 1856, he 
was married to Miss Rebecca A. Gil- 
more, daughter of Humphrey Gilmore, 
Esq., of Sligo, Ireland, who died in 
1892. His family consists of five sons 
and one daughter. Major Mulvey is a 
member of the A.F. & A.M., Grand 
Master of the L.O. A. for Manitoba and 
the North-West Territories, over which 
he presided for a period of fourteen 
years, and is looked upon as the founder 
of the Orange institution in Manitoba 
and the North- West. 



384 



OF" 





,EV. ALEXANDER URQU- 
HART, Brandon, Man., was 
born in Invergordon, Ross- 
shire, Scotland, in 1854. His parents 
Donald and Jessie (Archibald) Urqu- 
hart, came to Canada in 1858, and set- 
tled in the County of Oxford, Ont., 
where they still reside. From early 
childhood he was impressed with the 
thought of entering the ministry. At 
the age of eighteen he experienced a 
decided change, and the year previous 
to entering college, he engaged in 
evangelistic work, which was largely 
blessed, and resulted in some three or 
four young men entering college to 



prepare for ministerial work. 
Similar success attended 
the various mission fields in 
which he labored. In every 
field he has been much en- 
couraged in being made the 
recipient of addresses and 
presentations, expressive of 
the good will of the people. 
In 1883, ne came to Win- 
nipeg, as assistant to Rev. 
C. B. Pitblado, of St. An- 
drew's Church, but at the 
urgent request of the Pres- 
byterians at Regina, he was 
sent there, and organized 
the congregation, where 
hitherto there was but a 
preaching station. On gra- 
duating from Knox College, 
Toronto, in 1884, he was 
ordained, and accepted a 
call to Regina, where he 
labored for five years, his 
congregation increasing un- 
til it became the largest 
in the Territories. He took 
an active part in the work 
of the Presbytery, and filled 
for some years the position 
of clerk and was also con- 
vener of the Home Mission 
Committee. He also established preach- 
ing stations in outlying points, and 
took an active part in connection with 
the Indian mission work. In 1889, he 
received a call to the Presbyterian 
Church, Brandon, which he accepted, 
and during the four years of his pas- 
torate, through his untiring energy and 
ever increasing popularity, the member- 
ship has increased three fold. There is 
in connection with the congregation a 
Bible class, with an average attendance 
of about 90, and a Christian Endeavor 
Society, the largest in the province. 
He was married, June 3oth, 1885, to 
Miss Annie Elizabeth Drysdale. 



385 




( T EORGE CALHOON, Registrar 
^-^ of Albert County, Hopewell 
Cape, N. B., was born in Hopewell, 
January 2gth, 1814. He is the son of 
John Calhoon and Rebecca Rand. Mr. 
Calhoon received his education at the 
public schools of Westmoreland County, 
after which he assisted his father on 
the farm until he was of age, then com- 
menced in the mercantile business and 
farming for himself, and continued in 
business until 1844, when he was ap- 
pointed Registrar of Albert County, 
which office he has since held. In that 
year, he was also appointed a magis- 
trate for the county, but resigned from 



active duty in 1883, although still being 
a member of the Board of Magistrates 
for the county. He was married, in 
1835, to Devinia, daughter of Reuben 
Peck, Esq., of Hopewell, Albert County. 
His family consists of one son and one 
daughter, living. Mr. Calhoon is a 
member of several temperance societies, 
and of the first division that was organ- 
ized in the county, he being president 
of it, and also a member of the Grand 
Division Sons of Temperance. He has 
been school trustee, and held many 
municipal offices, among which he was 
secretary and treasurer of the county 
for many years. 

25 



3 86 




V\/ILLIAM ROGER GIVAN, 
r\ Manufacturer, Moncton, N.B., 
was born October gth, 1841, in Kings 
County, Nova Scotia. He is the son 
of John and Fanny Givan, formerly of 
Omah, Ireland. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Kings 
County, N. S. In 1868, he removed 
from St. John, N.B., to Moncton, where 
he has since remained, and for many 
years, he has been one of the prominent 
manufacturers, as well as one of the 
leading citizens of that enterprising 
city. He has been for ten years a mem- 
ber of the Council Board of that city, 
and has occupied many other important 



positions. He is also a member of the 
Masonic Order, and in politics, a Lib- 
eral-Conservative. He takes a lively 
interest in the affairs of the country, as 
well as of the city of Moncton. Mr. 
Givan was married, July 28th, 1862, to 
Mary Elizabeth Rising, daughter of 
Captain William Rising, of Great Yar- 
mouth, Norfolk, Eng. His family con- 
sists of two children, both sons ; the 
eldest, Fred. W. Givan, of the firm of 
Robertson & Givan, hardware mer- 
chants, Moncton, and his second son, 
Ernest Washington Givan, proprietor 
of the steam laundry in the same 
place. 



OK 



387 




\\/M. JAMES ROCHE, M. D., 

^ r Practicing Physician and Sur- 
geon, Minnedosa, Man., was born No- 
vember 3oth, 1859, at Clandeboye, Ont. 
His parents were W. E. and Maria 
(Hodgins) Roche, of Irish extraction, 
the former being a prominent grain and 
general merchant, doing business at 
Lucan and Springfield, Ont., and was 
one of the early settlers and town site 
owners in Minnedosa, Man. Both 
parents are still living near Minnedosa. 
Dr. Roche attended the public school 
at Lucan, until he was fifteen years of 
age, after which he attended the Lon- 
don High School. He then taught 



school for two years, and subsequently 
put in three sessions at Trinity Uni- 
versity, Toronto, and one at the West- 
ern University, London, Ont., graduat- 
ing in 1883. Since that time, he has 
conducted a large and growing medical 
practice in Minnedosa. He has been 
a member of the Manitoba Medical 
Council since its organization. He is 
also a member of the A.O.U.W., and is 
Provincial Grand Master of the I.O.O.F. 
In politics, he is a Conservative, and 
was a candidate for the Local House in 
1892. On July lyth, 1884, he married 
Miss Annie E., daughter of the late 
Wm. Cook, of Toronto, Ont. 



3 88 



JVlEM OK 





WOODLY DOHERTY, 
M. D., Campbellton, Resti- 
gouche County, N. B., was born at 
Shediac, Westmoreland County, N. B., 
November 4th, 1857. He is the son of 
Isaac W. Doherty, M.D., whose portrait 
appears in this volume, and Isabella 
Doherty, of New Brunswick. He re- 
ceived his early education at the Gram- 
mar school, Richibucto, Sackville Aca- 
demy, St. Louis College and McGill 
University, Montreal, graduating M.D., 
C.M. from the latter in 1885, with 
honors, also receiving the first prize in 
Botany. After graduation, he was ap- 
pointed surgeon to the First Hospital 



Company, No. i, of the North-West Re- 
bellion, being stationed at Swift Cur- 
rent, South Saskatchewan, and Battle- 
ford, and was in charge of the wounded 
of Cut Knife Creek. He then returned 
to New Brunswick, commenced prac- 
tice in Dalhousie, Restigouche County, 
and one year later removed to Camp- 
bellton, and has worked up a very large 
practice. Dr. Doherty was married, 
September i5th, 1886, to Alma, young- 
est daughter of Alex. Givan, Esq., of 
Kingston, N.B. He is a Presbyterian, 
a member of the Sons of Scotland, 
physician to the port for Marine and 
Fisheries, and Coroner for the county. 



OK 



389 




ANDFORD HARRINGTON 
PELTON, Q.C., Barrister and 

Solicitor, Yarmouth N. S., was 
born September 28th, 1845, ^ n New 
York City, U. S. His parents were 
Milo Sandford and Louisa Maria (Har- 
rington) Pelton. Mr. Pelton was edu- 
cated in the common schools of Sydney 
and Antigonish, and took a course in 
classics and mathematics at Arichat, 
with Rev. R. F. Brine, rector of the 
Episcopal Church of that place. In 
1862, he began the study of law with 
his uncle, Chas. F. Harrington, Q.C., 
and on his death, in 1864, continued his 
studies at Antigonish, with his cousin, 
Hon. Daniel Macdouald, 
who was afterwards Attor- 
ney General of Nova Scotia, 
and remained with him until 
a few months prior to his 
admission to the Bar, when 
he went to Halifax to pre- 
pare for examination, where 
he took a first-class certifi- 
cate. He was admitted to 
the Bar of Nova Scotia in 
1867, and commenced to 
practice in Yarmouth the 
same year, where he has re- 
sided continuously since. 
He has had a varied and 
extensive practice, and has 
had charge of the criminal 
business of the county, by 
appointment of the Attorney 
General, since 1887. He 
was created a Q. C. by the 
Nova Scotia Government, 
May 27th, 1876. Mr Pelton 
belongs to the Masonic fra- 
ternity, and is a Past Grand 
Warden of the Grand Lodge 
of Nova Scotia, and a Past 
Grand Scribe of the Grand 
Royal Arch Chapter, of the 
same province. He has also 
been actively connected with 



different temperance organizations, and 
was appointed, in 1890, a member of 
the Board of School Commissioners for 
Yarmouth, which office he still holds. 
For several years, he has been solicitor 
for the municipality of Yarmouth. In 
politics, he is a Liberal, and a member 
of the Executive Committee of the Yar- 
mouth Liberal Association. In religion, 
he is a Presbyterian, and for many 
years, has been a trustee and manager 
of St. John's Presbyterian Church, 
Yarmouth. Mr. Pelton was married, 
November i6th, 1869, to Mary Georgina, 
daughter of Capt. Joseph W. E. Darby, 
He has ten sons and two daughters. 




390 



OK 



y<*^^> 

( T EO 
VX A 



EORGE JACKSON LAIRD, 
^., Ph.D., Professor of Na- 
tural Science, Wesley College, Winni- 
peg, Man., was born in 1859, in Thorold, 
Welland County, Ont. His father is 
the Rev. John G. Laird, superannuated 
Methodist minister, of London, Ont., 
formerly president of Toronto Confer- 
ence. His mother, whose maiden name 
was Jackson, was a daughter of one 
of Canada's earliest pioneers. Prof. 
Laird was educated at Victoria Uni- 
versity, from which he graduated in 
1 88 1, and after teaching two years, was 
called, in 1883, to the chair of Physics 
and Chemistry in Mount Allison Uni- 




versity, N.B., which he occupied with 
great acceptance and where he remained 
two years. He then took a wise step, 
and went to Germany to complete his 
studies in Natural Science, obtaining 
in 1888, after a three years' course at 
Breslau University, the degree of Doc- 
tor of Philosophy, with honors. On 
his return to Canada, he was offered 
and accepted his present chair in Wes- 
ley College, Winnipeg, where his suc- 
cess as a teacher has been very gratify- 
ing, and has proved that he was a strong 
acquisition to that college staff. In 
four years, the attendance at Wesley 
College has increased ten fold, and the 
students have fully held 
their own in the Manitoba 
University examinations, 
all of which is a well-merited 
tribute to the efficiency and 
unflagging zeal of Principal 
Sparling and his three col- 
leagues, whose portraits ap- 
pear on these pages. Dr. 
Laird, in religion, is a Me- 
thodist, and an active mem- 
ber of Grace Church. He 
is a member of the Univer- 
sity Board of Studies, a 
member of the University 
Council, and has been for 
years an ardent working 
member of the Manitoba 
Historical Society, and is 
chairman of the Archaeo- 
logical Committee of that 
body. Dr. Laird's thorough 
preparation is now bearing 
its legitimate fruit. He is 
always " master of the situa- 
tion," and loves his work. 
As a teacher, he is clear, 
alert, painstaking, and he 
has that necessary faculty 
of engendering in his stu- 
dents a love for their sub- 
ject. He is unmarried. 



391 




RUTHER- 
FORD COCHRANE, 

B.A., Professor of 
Mathematics in Wesley Col- 
lege, Winnipeg, was born 
August Qth, 1850, in the 
Township of Sullivan, Grey 
County, Ont. His parents, 
James and Susanna (Ruther- 
ford) Cochrane, emigrated 
from the North of Ireland 
about 1830. Mr. James 
Cochrane was a fine type of 
the sturdy, honest Canadian 
pioneer. His house was the 
home of the early travelling 
Methodist minister, and for 
many years served as the 
place of Sabbath worship. 
When the community de- 
cided to establish a common 
school, the building was 
erected on his farm, two 
acres on the corner of which 
were donated by him for 
that purpose. He died in 
1879, deeply regretted, hav- 
ing survived his estimable 
wife nearly twenty years. 
His eldest son, George, is 
now the well-known Rev. 
Dr. Cochrane, the pioneer 
Methodist missionary in Japan. The 
training afforded by the common school 
on his father's farm, supplemented by 
diligent home study, enabled our sub- 
ject to qualify as a school teacher in 
1866. Three years spent in teaching 
in Sullivan, furnished him with suffi- 
cient means to continue his studies for 
a term at Rockwood Academy, and for 
the next four years, he taught school 
in Wellington County. In 1875, he 
attended the Normal School at Ottawa, 
obtaining a first-class grade " A " certifi- 
cate, after which he taught school in 
Ottawa for six years. In 1879, he 
matriculated into Toronto University, 




graduating in ,1885, taking first-class 
honors in Mathematics and Physics. 
In 1886, he was appointed Principal of 
Perth Collegiate Institute, which he 
held until September, 1888, when he 
received his present appointment. Prof. 
Cochrane is a born teacher and disci- 
plinarian ; he loves his subject. Hebe- 
longs to the A.F. & A.M., the A.O.U. 
W., and has been for some years a 
member of the Advisory Board of Edu- 
cation for Manitoba. He is a Liberal 
in politics, and an adherent of the 
Methodist Church. On April 6th, 1891, 
he was married to Miss Eva Rosetta 
Reilly, of Wiltshire, Eng. 



392 




THOMAS DICKEY CUMBER- 

* LAND, Judge of the County 
Courts, Western Judicial District, Mani- 
toba, Brandon, Man., was born Sep- 
tember 3rd, 18.53, i n the County of 
Simcoe, Ont., the youngest son of John 
and Mary (Dickey) Cumberland. He 
received his education at the public 
schools, the Weston Grammar School, 
and Queen's University, Kingston, 
from which institution he graduated in 
1875. After teaching one year in the 
Collegiate Institute, St. Catharines, 
Ont., he entered the law office of Miller, 
Miller & Cox, in 1878, where he re- 
mained three years. He was admitted 



to the Bar of Ontario, in 
Hilary Term, 1881, and 
almost immediately after- 
wards removed to Manitoba. 
He was admitted to the Bar 
of that province, in 1882, 
and entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession in the 
city of Winnipeg, in part- 
nership with Mr. W. A. 
Macara, the present District 
Registrar at Winnipeg. 
Since 1887, he has been a 
member of the firm of Archi- 
bald, Howell & Cumber- 
land, and while his practice 
has not been confined to 
any particular branch, he 
has given special attention 
to commercial law, so that 
his recent elevation, this 
year (1893), to the judge- 
ship, was well advised and 
very popular. The Judge 
is to be congratulated on 
having received this im- 
portant appointment before 
he has quite reached middle 
life, and his numerous 
friends and the public gen- 
erally, hope that he may be 
long spared to enjoy his 
well merited distinction, and discharge 
the duties of the high office to which 
he has been called, and for which 
he is so well qualified. A leading con- 
temporary voices competent opinion 
when he says: "Judge Cumberland 
takes with him to the Bench, a sound 
knowledge of law, an unstained repu- 
tation, and a high respect won from all 
with whom he has been in contact." 
In 1884, Judge Cumberland was mar- 
ried to Miss Helen Wallace, a daughter 
of A. T. Wallace, Esq., of St. Cath- 
arines, Ontario. His family consists of 
two children, both daughters, Mary and 
Alice. 



393 




^TNOBERT STIRTON THORN- 
TV TON, M.B.,C.M., (Edinburgh), 
" vs> Deloraine, Man., was born 
May 8th, 1863, at Edinburgh, Scot- 
land. His parents were David and 
Mary (Gavin) Thornton, the former 
being a builder. When seven years of 
age, Dr. Thornton was sent to George 
Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh, where 
he remained eight years, and on leaving 
was the medalist of his year. When 
fifteen years of age, he went to Edin- 
burgh University, where he graduated, 
August ist, 1884. He then settled in 
Deloraine, Man., where he began prac- 
tice the same year. Since then he has 



visited Britain once, but his large con- 
nection prevents him from travelling 
more extensively. He has been a 
member of the Provincial Medical 
Council, since 1886, and Coroner for 
Manitoba for five years. He is also 
health officer for the municipality of 
Winchester, master of the Masonic 
Lodge, of Deloraine, a member of the 
I.O.O.F., I.O.F. and C.O.F., and ex- 
aminer for different societies and insur- 
ance companies. In religion, he is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, an Inde- 
pendent Free Trader. He was married, 
April 3Oth, 1889, to Mary, daughter of 
Robert Johnston, of Princeton, Ont. 



394 



OK 




/CHARLES ARTHUR PALMER, 
LL.B., Q.C., Barrister and Attor- 
ney at Law, St. John, N.B., 
was born June 6th, 1855, at Dorchester, 
Westmoreland County, N. B. He is 
the son of Acalus Lockwood Palmer 
and Martha Ann Weldon. His father 
was a barrister and Judge of the Su- 
preme Court of New Brunswick. Mr. 
Palmer received his education at Mount 
Allison College, Sackville, N. B., and 
the Law School, Harvard University. 
He was admitted as barrister, and has 
since practiced his profession, and has 
gained for himself a wide reputation, 
and a large and important clientage. 



In politics, he is a Conservative, and 
takes an active interest in the affairs of 
his party, but has never aspired to Par- 
liamentary honors, being too much en- 
grossed with his professional duties. 
Mr. Palmer's success is the result of his 
real worth of character and the applica- 
tion of the habits of industry which he 
possesses. He has gained a leading 
place in his profession early in life, and 
his present outlook is encouraging. In 
religion, he is a Methodist. He was 
married October aoth, 1881, to Ada 
Louisa Sancton, daughter of George P. 
Sancton, Esq. His family consists of 
two sons. 



395 




JOSEPH ALEXANDER F. 
D'ESCHAMBAULT, M. p., 
Physician and Surgeon, Win- 
nipeg, Man., was born September ipth, 
1861, at Chanibly, Que. He was edu- 
cated at the Jesuit's College, Montreal, 
and St. Hyacinthe College, St. Hya- 
cinthe, where he carried away the 
Marquis of Lome Medal, which is the 
only one given in the college. During 
the year 1880, he studied Philosophy, 
and the three successive years studied 
medicine in Laval University, and gra- 
duated from Victoria University in 
1887. He then began practice in Raw- 
don Parish, Que., where he remained 



for about three years, when he removed 
to St. Boniface, Man., and in 1893, to 
Winnipeg. In religion, the doctor is a 
Roman Catholic, and is physician to 
the Catholic Order of Foresters, in St. 
Boniface and Winnipeg. In politics, 
he is an Independent, with Conserva- 
tive leanings. He was married, May 
i4th, 1883, t Miss Corrine, daughter 
of the late Camille Marcotte. His 
family consists of one sou and three 
daughters. Dr. D'Eschambault has, 
by his genial manner and professional 
skill, secured a large practice in Win- 
nipeg, and it is constantly growing 
larger. 



396 




^r RMIGER IBBOT HUBBARD, 
JX~\ General Agent for the London 
V<5> Guarantee & Accident Co., 
Ltd , for Quebec, Maritime Provinces 
and Newfoundland, at Montreal, Que., 
was born in 1862, in Norfolk, England. 
His parents moved to Canada in 1863, 
and settled near Ancaster, Ont. Young 
Hubbard was educated at the Gram- 
mar School, Ancaster, and under the 
tuition of the Rev. D. D. McLeod and 
Canon Belt. He entered the service of 
the G. W. Ry., in 1879, at Hamilton, 
where he remained until entering the 
service of the Canadian Bank of Com- 
merce, in 1883, serving in several of its 



most important branches. In 1886, he 
opened a general insurance and bank- 
ing office in Montreal, and is recognized 
as one of the leading business men in his 
line in Canada. Mr. Hubbard is a mem- 
ber of the Barton Lodge, A.F. & A.M., of 
the Montreal Board of Trade, secretary 
of the Montreal Curling Club, captain 
in 3rd Battalion, Victoria Rifles of 
Canada, and a member of several other 
clubs and societies. In politics, he is 
an Independent, and in religion, an 
Episcopalian. He was married, in 1886, 
to Katharine Caroline, only daughter 
of the late E. Lane, Esq., merchant, of 
Quebec and Montreal. 



OK 



397 



THE LATE J. W. TAYLOR, 
->- United States Consul at Winni- 
peg, was born in New York State. 
After completing his primary educa- 
tion, he took up the study of law, and 
shortly after his admission to the Bar, 
removed, in 1842, to Cincinnati, remain- 
ing until 1853. At this time, a great 
number of people were removing to the 
Northwestern States, and Mr. Taylor 
became a pioneer in the Town of St. 
Paul, Minnesota. Here he followed 
the life of a Government official, 
having, in Ohio, become connected with 
State affairs. During his residence in 
Ohio, he had been Librarian of the 




Legislature of that State, and had pub- 
lished a k( History of Ohio from 1650 
to 1787," and also a "Manual of the 
Ohio School System." During his 
residence in Minnesota, from 1853 to 
1870, Mr. Taylor had taken part in the 
exciting life of a frontiersman, also an 
active part in politics. It had been a 
part of his official duties to have deal- 
ings with the people of the Red River, 
in whom he became much interested. 
He had, early in the sixties, visited that 
country, and delighted to detail the in- 
cidents of his interesting visit to the 
then little known banks of the Red 
River. In 1870, he was appointed, by 
President Grant, Consul of 
the United States, resident 
at Winnipeg. His life was 
very even and uneventful, 
chiefly devoted to social 
duties, and he made himself 
very popular with all who 
knew him. He was also in- 
tensely interested in the 
work of the Historical Socie- 
ty, and was so great an au- 
thority on the North- West, 
that he was known as " Sas- 
katchewan Taylor." In re- 
ligion, he was a Presbyte- 
rian, though broad enough 
in his views to be interested 
in all denominations. He 
was married to Miss Chloe 
Langford, and at the time 
of his death, had a family 
of two daughters. He died, 
April 28th, 1893, deeply re- 
gretted, as his life was an 
embodiment of geniality and 
kindness. Although not a 
Canadian citizen, he had so 
great a love for Manitoba, 
that this interest and his 
long residence here justify 
us in claiming him among 
Canadian public men. 



398 



CANADA. 




,IGHT REV. JAS. CHARLES 

MCDONALD, D.D., Bishop of 

Charlottetown, was born 
June I4th, 1840, at Allisary, in the Pa- 
rish of St. Andrew's, P.E.I. His pa- 
rents were John and Ellen McDonald. 
In 1866, he entered St. Dunstan's Col- 
lege, where he pursued a course of 
classical studies for four years. From 
there, he proceeded to the Grand Semi- 
nary, Montreal, and after spending 
three years there in the study of Theo- 
logy, was ordained to the priesthood, 
July 4th, 1873, by the late Bishop 
Mclntyre, of Charlottetown. Soon after 
his ordination, he was appointed to a 
professorship in St. Dun- 
stan's College, and it was in 
this position that he first 
gave evidence of that energy 
of character and strong prac- 
tical judgment which are 
his characteristic traits. In 
1875, he was transferred 
from the congenial atmo- 
sphere of college life to per- 
form the more active duties 
of a missionary ; the field 
of his labors comprised the 
present flourishing parishes 
of St. James, Georgetown, 
All Saints, Cardigan, and 
for a time, St. Paul's, Stur- 
geon and St. Teresa's, Bald- 
win's Road, and their pre- 
sent prosperous condition 
is largely due to the energy 
and zeal of our subject. 
The parish of All Saints, 
Cardigan Bridge, was then 
in its infancy, but under his 
wise and judicious adminis- 
tration, it soon could boast 
of a beautiful new church 
and parochial house, which 
are a credit to the diocese. 
In 1884, he was promoted 
to the rectorship of St. Dun- 



Stan's College, which position he filled 
successfully until called to a wider field 
of action. In 1890, the late Bishop 
Mclntyre petitioned the Holy See for 
a coadjutor, and the choice of the Holy 
Father fell upon Bishop McDonald, 
who had, on so many occasions, proven 
himself worthy of the position, and 
in the same year, he was consecrated 
titular Bishop of Irina, and coad- 
jutor, with right of succession to the 
See of Charlottetown, and since then 
has administered the affairs of the dio- 
cese with excellent judgment. Bishop 
McDonald is very highly esteemed by 
all classes and creeds. 




OK 



399 





AUSTIN BOWEN, M.D., C.M., 
* Physician and Surgeon, Magog, 
Que., was born October igth, 1867, at 
Compton, Que. His father is the well 
known and highly respected Fred. F. 
Bowen, of Comptou, and his mother's 
maiden name was Mary Martin. After 
receiving his early education, Dr. Bowen 
entered Coaticook High School, where 
he manifested great ability in his 
studies, carrying off many valuable 
prizes for English composition, and 
graduating when seventeen years of 
age. In the Fall of 1888, he entered 
McGill University, Montreal, taking 
up the study of medicine. During his 



university course, many distinctions 
were conferred upon him, and in 1892, 
he graduated from that institution with 
first rank honors, and immediately es- 
tablished himself in Magog, where his 
skill as a physician, his genial disposi- 
tion and strong personality, are already 
winning for him the confidence of the 
public, and a large and satisfactory 
practice. Judging from his thorough 
equipment, it is confidently expected 
that he will speedily reach a front place 
in the medical world. Dr. Bowen was 
married, October 5th, 1893, to Mrs. J. 
W. Merry, widow of the late John 
Merry, of Sherbrooke, P. Q. 



400 




CHARLES REYNOLDS SMITH, 
1 Amherst, N. S., was born at that 

^ -""S* place, November i8th, 1854. 
His father, the late Robert K. Smith, 
was in his time one of the leading mer- 
chants of Amherst, and a Justice of the 
Peace for the County of Cumberland. 
His mother is still living. Mr. Smith 
studied law with J. T. Smith, Amherst, 
and afterwards with the late Honorable 
Hiram Blanchard, Q.C., Halifax. He 
was called to the Nova Scotia Bar, Jan- 
uary 1 3th, 1876, when he began to prac- 
tice in Amherst, where he has always 
had command of a large and lucrative 
clientage. He is a leading Court law- 



yer and holds a high position at the 
local Bar. In 1891, he was created a 
Q.C. by the Dominion Government. 
On several occasions, he has been 
Crown prosecutor, under the Nova 
Scotia Government, and is at present a 
Master of the Supreme Court of the 
Province, a commissioner of that Court 
for the County of Cumberland, and also 
a commissioner in Nova Scotia for the 
courts of New Brunswick and Prince 
Edward Island. In religion, he is an 
Episcopalian, and has held many pro- 
minent offices in that Church. Mr. 
Smith has been married twice ; he has 
three sons and one daughter. 



401 




>3)HAS. WENTWORTH UPHAM 
(/ HEWSON, M.D., L.R.C.P. and 
V^^~> L.M., (Edinburgh) , Amherst, 
N.S., was born in Jolicure, N.B., Feb- 
ruary 28th, 1844. His parents were 
William A. Hewson and Elizabeth 
Chandler. Dr. Hewson received his 
education at the Sackville, Mount Alli- 
son and St. Joseph colleges, New Bruns- 
wick. He graduated in Medicine, and 
began to practice in River Herbert, 
N.S., where he continued for eleven 
years, doing a successful practice. In 
1883, he went to Scotland, and for some 
time attended the Royal Infirmary of 
Edinburgh, where he took the degrees 



of L.R.C.P. and L.M. Returning to 
Canada, he settled in Amherst, in May, 
1884, where he has since enjoyed a 
large and lucrative connection. He is 
also Coroner for the County of Cumber- 
land, a member of the Masonic Order, 
in which order he also takes an active 
interest. He is widely known for his 
medical skill, and highly respected for 
the many good qualities which make 
him a desirable public man and a good 
citizen. In religion, he is Episcopalian, 
and in politics a Reformer. On Decem- 
ber 29th, 1874, he married Mary E. 
Hapgood, a native of Calais, Maine. His 
family consists of one daughter, living. 

26 



402 




tt ALLAN BLACK, M. D., Am- 
l herst, N.S., was born August 
^ ^^> 23rd, 1844, at that place. 
His father was Hagen Black and his 
mother Martha A. Black. Dr. Black 
was educated at Amherst and Sackville, 
N.B., Mt. Allison College, now Mount 
Allison University. He received his 
medical degree from the University of 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, in 1867, 
since which he has practiced in Am- 
herst, where he has succeeded in work- 
ing up a large practice, and is held in 
esteem by the entire community. Dr. 
Black belongs to the Good Templars, 
also the Nova Scotia Medical Society. 



In religion, he is a Methodist, and a 
strong advocate of the temperance 
cause. In politics, he is a party Pro- 
hibitionist. He is a man of undoubted 
ability and great erudition in his pro- 
fession, and is very widely known, 
not only for his medical skill, but also 
on account of his interest in all matters 
concerning the public welfare. Dr. 
Black was married, in 1871, to Miss 
Sarah, second daughter of the late Rev. 
Geo. F. Miles, and, after her death, to 
Miss Bessie Elderkin, eldest daughter 
of Capt. John K. Elderkin. His family 
consists of one son, by his second mar- 
riage. 



MKN OF* 



403 






BLACKMER, Watch- 
maker and Jeweller, Frederic- 
ton, N.B., was born at Truro, 
N.S., February loth, 1867. His pa- 
rents were W. W. Blackmer and Annie 
J. Irwin. Mr. Blackmer received his 
education at the public schools of 
Truro, graduating from the High 
school with first-class honors. He was 
then apprenticed to the watchmaking 
and Jewellery business for five years, 
after which he worked for some time in 
Halifax, and then started business on 
his own account at Spring Hill Mines, 
N.S., where he remained for two years, 
and in July, 1889, removed to Frederic- 



ton, and is now doing the largest busi- 
ness in his line in the county. Mr. Black- 
mer was married, April 2Oth, 1892, to 
Helen A., daughter of Ludlow Yerxa, 
merchant, Fredericton. He is a mem- 
ber of the K. of P., Loyal Orange Order, 
being Deputy Grand Chaplain of the 
Order, and also secretary for York 
County, the Royal Templars, the 
Orange Temperance Society, and the 
Fredericton Curling Club. He recently 
presented the club with a very hand- 
some cup for competition of the mem- 
bers. In religion, he is a Presbyterian, 
and holds the office of Sabbath School 
librarian. 



404 




JOHN McCONNELL, M. B., 
M. C. P. S. O., Toronto, Ont, 
was born March 4th, 1846. 
His father, John McConnell, was lieut- 
enant under the late Captain Howard, 
of Howard Park, in the defence of Little 
York, in 1837, against Win. Lyon 
McKenzie. Dr. McConnell received 
his education at the High School, Rich- 
mond Hill, and began the study of 
medicine in 1864. He graduated, in 
i865L from Toronto University, and at 
once began to practice at Thorhill, 
York County, Ont., where he remained 
for fourteen years, when he removed to 
Brockton, Toronto, where he was Reeve 



of the village of Brockton, and after wards 
alderman of the city of Toronto. Dr. 
McConnell is Coroner for York County, 
and holds first class certificate Military 
School, and is a prominent member of 
the I.O.F, and is Past High Physician 
of that order. In 1868, he married Miss 
Powell, of York. In politics, the Doctor 
is a Reformer, and president of West 
York Reform Association. He stands 
high in the A.F. and A.M., is a member 
of the Protestant Benevolent Society of 
Toronto, and at present is physician 
and surgeon to the Protestant Orphan's 
Home, where two hundred and twenty 
orphans are under his care. 



405 



TV LLAN FINLAY- 
^\ SON, Charlottetown, 
V> Commander of the 
Dominion Steamer u Stan- 
ley," was born April i4th, 
1842, in Belfast, P.E.I. His 
parents were Angus and 
Catharine (McDonald) Fin- 
layson, well-knowu resi- 
dents of the Island. He 
was educated in the common 
school, near his birth place, 
went to sea at sixteen, ob- 
tained, in 1868, a certificate 
of competency as Master in 
Glasgow, Scotland, and re- 
mained in the merchant ser- 
vice until 1876, when he 
was appointed Commander 
of the Dominion steamer 
" Northern Light," the first 
winter mail steamer between 
Prince Edward Island and 
Nova Scotia. In 1888, Com- 
mander Finlayson received 
his present appointment. 
His duty, from December 
ist to May ist, is to carry 
mails and passengers be- 
tween the Island and Pictou, 
N.S., and in the Summer, 
the " Stanley " is an armed 
cruiser, engaged in the Maritime Fish- 
eries Protection service. The " Stan- 
ley " is a powerful screw steamer of 
looo-tons and 300 horse-power, built in 
1887-88 in Glasgow, Scotland, under 
the personal supervision of Capt. M. P. 
McElhinney, of Ottawa, and can cut 
her way straight through ice from ten 
to fifteen inches thick, at the rate of 
ten miles an hour. She can also cut 
her way through ice from three to four 
feet thick, at a much slower speed, of 
course, by being fitted with compart- 
ments and apparatus, by which 132 
tons of water can be admitted aft quite 
readily. This permits her prow to be 




raised over the ice and then lowered, 
which breaks it down to pieces. Com- 
mander Finlayson is an efficient officer, 
of excellent judgment, alert, cautious 
and firm enough when necessary, and 
his knowledge of matters pertaining to 
his chosen calling is very wide and re- 
cognized by all. He is a member of 
the A.F. & A.M., and in religion is a 
member of the Baptist Church. On 
November i4th, 1872, he was married 
to Annie, daughter of the late Malcolm 
Forbes, Esq., M.P.P., of Vernon River, 
P.E.I. His family consists of nine 
children, two sons and seven daugh- 
ters. 



406 




(S <7V DARRACH, M.D. (Harvard), 
1 . Kensington, P.E.I., was born 
October 26th, 1845, i n Queens 
County, P.E.I. His parents, John and 
Isabel (McNeill) Darrach, were also 
natives of the Island, of Scotch descent, 
and held in high respect. Dr. Darrach 
received his early education in the pub- 
lic schools, winning a scholarship in 
the Prince of Wales College, Charlotte- 
town, where he took a leading place in 
his classes, especially in Mathematics 
and kindred subjects. After spending 
a short time on his father's farm, and 
later in the General Post Office, he 
commenced to study medicine with the 



late Dr. Hammond Johnson, 
in 1867, attended Bowdoin 
College, and graduated 
there in 1870, completing 
his course at Harvard, and 
graduating in 1872. He 
also became a member of 
the Mass. Medical Society. 
For fifteen years, the Doctor 
practiced his profession in 
Kensington and vicinity, 
where he enjoyed a large 
patronage. In 1885, he with 
his brother-in-law, W. D. 
McKay, formed the partner- 
ship of Reuben Tuplin & 
Co., of which he is the 
principal stockholder and 
managing partner. The 
business was established 
by Reuben Tuplin, now re- 
tired, nearly half a century 
ago, who, from a small be- 
ginning, built up a large 
trade, being now close on 
$100,000 a year. The Doc- 
tor also owns and carries on 
a drug business as well. In 
religion, he is a Baptist ; and 
in politics, a Liberal, with 
strong independent convic- 
tions. He is an enthusiastic 
member of the Masonic fraternity, and 
was Grand Master of the Province in 
1891-92, when he laid the corner stone 
of the Masonic Temple in Charlotte- 
town. He is a Coroner for Prince 
County, a J. P. and a commissioner for 
taking affidavits in the Supreme Court. 
On the 24th of February, 1875, he was 
married to Tryphena A., eldest daugh- 
ter of Reuben Tupliu, Esq. His fam- 
ily consists of one daughter and two 
sons living, and one daughter deceased. 
As a business man, the Doctor has tact, 
push and principle, while socially both 
he and his estimable wife are held in 
universal esteem. 



407 





SOMMERVILLE 
MORRISON, M.D., Homeo- 
pathic Physician, etc., St. John, N.B., 
was born September soth, 1849, at 
Wilinot, Annapolis County, N.S. His 
parents were Daniel and Margaret 
(Campbell) Morrison, natives of the 
North of Ireland, whose ancestors were 
Scotch. After receiving his early edu- 
cation, Dr. Morrison entered Boston 
University, where he graduated M.D. 
He has built up a large practice, in St. 
John, which is constantly increasing, 
and he stands high in the estimation 
of the public generally. Dr. Morrison 
belongs to the Knights of Pythias, 



I.O.O.F., A.O.U.W., and various tem- 
perance societies. He is also an active 
member of the Y.M.C.A., and corres- 
ponding member of the International 
committee of the Y.M.C.A. He is a 
member of the New Brunswick Medi- 
cal Society, and the American Institute 
of Homeopathy. In politics, he is a 
Liberal, but not connected prominently 
with political affairs, being obliged to 
devote all his time to his extensive 
practice. In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian. Dr. Morrison was married, 
January 28th, 1885, to Mary, daughter 
of Rev. James Kennedy, of New York 
City. His family consists of four sons. 



408 



OF N 




EORGE DREWRY, Wholesale 
Merchant, Rat Portage, Ont., 
was born October i2th, 1861, in St. 
Paul, Minn. He is the son of Edward 
Drewry and Eliza Starkey, highly es- 
teemed citizens of that city. Mr. Drew- 
ry was educated in the schools of St. 
Paul, and when sixteen went to Winni- 
peg, where he entered the employ of 
his brother, E. L. Drewry, ex-M.P.P. 
In 1883, he removed to Rat Portage, 
and opened up a business on his own 
account, where he has remained ever 
since. In religion, Mr. Drewry is an 
Episcopalian, and in politics, a Con- 
servative, but while he takes no very 



active part in Provincial or Dominion 
affairs, he is, as a shrewd and liberal 
business man, ever ready to advance 
any local enterprise which tends to 
the prosperity of his adopted town. He 
is president of the Rat Portage Regatta 
Association, president of the Curling 
Club, and chairman of the council of 
the Rainy River District Board of 
Trade. He is a keen sportsman, and 
being well acquainted with the Rainy 
River region, knows where and how to 
bag the primest game, of which his 
many friends always get a generous 
share. Mr. Drewry is unmarried, he is 
very popular among his acquaintances. 



CANADA. 



409 




^KT^OBERT CLARKE BOYLE, 

JV M.D., C.M., Morden, Man., 
" vs> was born August lyth, 
1869, at Millbank, Ont. His parents 
were Samuel and Elizabeth (Busby) 
Boyle. Dr. Boyle was educated at the 
public school, Stratford, and in 1877, 
removed with his parents to Winnipeg, 
where he continued his studies, and also 
at the Collegiate Institute, Portage La 
Prairie. He wrote for first-class certifi- 
cate, and secured a second, at the age 
of thirteen. He also took a Normal 
school course, and taught school for a 
year and a half. He entered Manitoba 
College, in 1887, graduating in 1892, 



and was one of the only two who ever 
took 100% in surgery there. He was 
house surgeon in Winnipeg General 
Hospital, before graduation. In 1892, 
he removed to Morden, and has already 
laid the foundation of a large practice. 
In religion, he is a Methodist. He is 
also a member of the I.O.O.F., A.F. 
& A.M., and physician to the Foresters, 
S.O.E-, and I.O.O.F., vice-president of 
the British Medical Association of 
Manitoba, and attending physician to 
Masonic Hospital, Morden. He was 
married, September 9th, 1893, to Mar- 
garet A. Y., daughter of the late Rev. 
Dr. B. Lane, of Winnipeg, Man. 




JOHN AGNEW, Lobster Packer 
and Exporter, Alberton, P.E.I., 
was born August 22nd, 1853, in 
Glasgow, Scotland. His parents were 
John and Jane (McCullough) Agnew. 
He was educated at the Free Church 
School, Glasgow, and then entered a 
commission merchant's office in that 
city, where he remained two years. 
In 1876, Mr. Agnew left Glasgow, and 
came to Richibucto, N.B., where he re- 
mained one year. He then went to 
Alberton, where he has remained ever 
since ; the first year or so, as a clerk, 
and the rest of the time in his present 
business. He started with a very 



small capital, but his pluck and fore- 
sight, have made him a successful man. 
He is popular with his employees, and 
thoroughly honorable in all his deal- 
ings. He has an interest in several 
enterprises, notably a leading mackerel 
canning industry in Ireland. His 
markets are chiefly Ontario, United 
States and Europe. In religion, Mr. 
Agnew is a Presbyterian, and in politics, 
a staunch Reformer. He belongs to 
the I.O.F., and is treasurer of the High 
Court of P.E.I. December 22nd, 1882, 
he was married to Agnes, daughter of 
the late Capt. James Ireland, of Alber- 
ton, by whom he has five children. 



CANADA. 



411 




CARRUTHERS, M.D., 
C.M., (McGill), L.R.C.P., (Lon- 
don, Eng.), Alberton, P.E.I., was born 
September nth, 1856, at Cape Traverse, 
P.E.I. His parents Samuel and So- 
phia (Muttart) Carruthers, who are 
both deceased, were highly esteemed 
and respected. His father was born in 
Dumfries, Scotland, and his mother 
was a native of P.E.I. Her grand- 
father was a veteran under Gen. Wolfe, 
at the capture of Quebec, and for his 
bravery was granted a tract of land on 
which that city now stands. He was, 
however, unfortunately drowned before 
he got his title registered. Dr. Car- 
ruthers was educated at 
Prince of Wales College, 
Charlottetown, Queen's Col- 
lege, Kingston, Ont., one 
year, and at McGill College, 
Montreal, two years, from 
which he graduated in 1883, 
first in the honor list. He 
then went to England, 
where he continued his 
medical studies a year, gra- 
duating as above in 1884. 
After continuing his studies 
for some time in Edinburgh, 
he located in Suinmerside, 
P.E.I., where he practiced 
five years. In 1889, he 
bought the practice of the 
late Dr. McLean, of Alber- 
ton, and has practiced there 
ever since, having succeeded 
in working up a very large 
medical connection. The 
Doctor is a member of the 
I.O.O.F., and the I.O.F., 
in which latter order he is 
court physician. He is 
Coroner for Prince County, 
and is a member of the First 
Medical Council of P.E.I., 
which was organized in 
1890. In religion, the Doc- 



tor is a Presbyterian, and in politics, u 
staunch Liberal. November :6th, 
1885, he was married to Phoebe, daugh- 
ter of Philip Callbeck, Esq. His fami- 
ly consists of one daughter, Georgie. 
The Doctor's ability and skill would 
warrant his removal to any city, which 
step, however, would be very much 
against the will of the residents of 
Alberton and vicinity, who value his 
services very highly. His thorough 
qualification for his chosen profession, 
gives him a leading place in the es- 
timation of his medical brethren, and he 
is destined to make his mark as a 
physician and surgeon. 





4 I2 



1VIEN 




HARCOURT, B.S.A., 

Prof, of Agriculture in Prince of 
Wales College, Charlottetown, P.E.I., 
was born November 3rd, 1863, in Huron 
County, Ont. His father John T. Har- 
court, is a son of the late Geo. Har- 
court, Esq., Toronto. His mother is 
Helen, eldest daughter of John Rat- 
cliffe, Esq., Columbus, Ont., a gentle- 
man of Scottish descent. Mr. Har- 
court spent the first seven years of his 
life on a farm, the next four in Toronto, 
the next five in Preston, and at six- 
teen, having received a good primary 
education, returned]to^his father's farm. 
When twenty-three years of age, he 




entered the O.A.C., at Guelph, to learn 
more about the occupation he was fol- 
lowing. He led his class from the 
start, and in two years carried off the 
gold medal for general proficiency. 
Not content with this, he spent another 
year in the further study of agriculture, 
and then in 1889, took the degree of 
B.S. A., from the University of Toronto. 
He was at once engaged as assistant to 
Prof. Robertson, in the dairy depart- 
ment of the O.A.C., and when that 
gentleman was appointed Dairy Com- 
missioner for the Dominion, Prof. Har- 
court took full charge of the work and 
experiments of the department, until 
the close of 1890. He was 
then appointed assistant 
chemist, which he held till 
his present appointment. 
It will thus be readily seen 
that Prof. Harcourt is well 
qualified both by experience 
and scholarship, to take 
almost any position in an 
agricultural college. In 
politics, he is a staunch 
Liberal, and in religion, 
a Presbyterian, a prominent 
worker in both church and 
Sabbath school. He edits 
the agricultural depart- 
ment of the Island Guard- 
ian, of Charlottetown. In 
1893, he was married to 
Ettie J., daughter of Sheriff 
Stirton, Morden, Man., and 
grand-daughter of David 
Stirton, P.M., Guelph, and 
ex-M.P. While in Mani- 
toba, in 1893, Prof. Har- 
court travelled quite exten- 
sively through the Province, 
and its extent, fertility and 
possibilities as an agricul- 
tural country, left on him 
a deep and most favourable 
impression. 



IVTKN 



CANADA. 



413 




\\/ILLIAM HENRY PRICE, 

V \ M.D., Butternut Ridge, N.B., 
was born at that place, September 4th, 
1839. He is the son of William and 
Charlotte Price. He was educated at 
the schools of his birth place and the 
High School, Kentville, N. S., after 
which he studied medicine with Dr. 
Shaw, of Kentville, for three years, and 
then entered Bowdoin Medical College, 
Maine, and afterwards the Medical De- 
partment of the University of the City 
of New York, and graduated from there 
with honors and the degree of M. D. 
He then entered the United States Ser- 
vice, as A. A. Surgeon, at Nashville, 



Tenn., and remained until the close of 
of the war, when he settled at Prospect 
Park, remaining until 1872, when he 
removed to Chicago, where he practiced 
until 1876, then to New York City, 
remaining until 1881, when he returned 
to Butternut Ridge, where he still con- 
tinues, doing a very extensive practice. 
Dr. Price was married, December 24th, 
1873, to Catharine Jane, daughter of 
John Watts, Esq., of Chicago. His 
family consists of four children. He 
is a member of the Medical Associations 
of New Brunswick and the Maritime 
Province, and wrote the well-known 
book : " Baby's Guide to Health." 



414 



IVIKN OF" 





JAMES McCON- 
NELL, M.D., C.M., Practicing 
Physician and Surgeon, Mor- 
den, Man., was born September a8th, 
1 86 1, in North Renfrew County, Ont. 
His parents were Benjamin and Cath- 
arine (Melville) McConnell. After 
taking his regular course in the Pem- 
broke public and high schools, he en- 
tered the Royal College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, Kingston, where he gra- 
duated in the Spring of 1880. For six 
months before and six mouths after 
graduation, he was assistant surgeon on 
the C.P.R., from Pembroke to Nipissing. 
In November, i88i,he removed to Nel- 



son, Man., where he carried on a suc- 
cessful practice, until 1885, when he re- 
moved to Morden, where his connection 
is constantly increasing. Dr. McCon- 
nell was one of the founders of the 
Morden Masonic Hospital, of which 
order he is a member, and also of the 
A.O.U.W. He is examiner for the 
latter society, Coroner for the Province, 
and health officer for the municipality, 
In religion, he is a Presbyterian, 
and a Reformer in politics. He was 
married, November i9th, 1884, to 
Miss Cassie P., daughter of James H. 
Fraser, late of New Glasgow, N.S., 
now of Morden, Man. 



OK CANADA. 



415 



THOMAS DAVIDSON, Managing- 
Director and General Agent for 
Canada of the North British and 
Mercantile Insurance Co., Attorney for 
Scottish American Investment Co., 
Montreal, Que., was born, in 1835, i n 
Edinburgh, Scotland. His father was 
the late David Davidson, manager of 
the Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, who 
came to Montreal about the year 1840, 
remaining about twenty years, and 
taking a keen interest in the educa- 
tional matters of the then comparatively 
small town. He was deeply interested 
in the work of McGill University, and 
for many years, the " Davidson Gold 




Medal " was the highest prize given in 
the institution. He had been a director 
of the North British and Mercantile 
Insurance Company on the Edinburgh 
Board since 1863, and, in 1880, became 
chairman of the General Court of Direc- 
tors. He died October 3Oth, 1891, very 
deeply regretted. Mr. Thomas David- 
son was educated at the Edinburgh 
Academy, and took a finishing course 
at McGill University. He entered 
business life in the firm of Gillespie, 
Moifat & Co., extensive wholesale mer- 
chants, in Montreal. He was after- 
wards allied with the late Mr. Donald 
Lome McDougall, under the firm name 
of McDougall & Davidson, 
members of the Montreal 
Stock Exchange. Mr. Da- 
vidson has been managing- 
director of the North British 
and Mercantile Insurance 
Company since its establish- 
ment in Canada, which is 
about thirty years (1893). 
The Company has a very 
large revenue in the Domi- 
nion, and is, of course, very 
well and favorably known 
everywhere as one of the 
largest and most equitable 
companies in existence. The 
success of the Company in 
Canada is due to the ex- 
cellent business qualifica- 
tions of its managing-dir- 
ector. Mr. Davidson has 
secured an enviable position 
for the Company, by his 
untiring energy and sound 
business knowledge and 
judgment. He is president 
of the Montreal General 
Hospital, and one of the 
governors of the Royal Vic- 
toria Hospital. Mr. David- 
son is very well known in 
all parts of the Dominion. 



416 



OR CANADA. 



.4 TENRY A. POWELL, M.A., 
cr ]M M. P. P., Barrister, Sackville, 
VS> N.B., was born at Richibucto, 
N.B., April 6th, 1855. He is the fifth 
son of Edmund Powell, of Richibucto, 
now deceased. He received his educa- 
tion at the Kent County Grammar 
school and the Mount Allison Univer- 
sity, graduating from the latter with 
the degree of B.A. in 1875. After gra- 
duation, he taught mathematics in the 
Mount Allison Wesleyau Academy for 
two years. He then studied in the 
office of the late Christopher Milner, 
and was called to the Bar of New 
Brunswick in Trinity Term, 1880. At 
the General Elections of 
1890, he was returned to the 
House of Assembly, as a 
representative of the Con- 
servative party for West- 
moreland County. In the 
same year, he and one of his 
colleagues were unseated, 
but at the election in 1891, 
he was again returned by 
his old constituency, with 
much enthusiasm and & 
handsome majority. At the 
General Elections of 1892, 
he stood head of the poll, 
and was the only Opposition 
candidate returned out of 
the four representatives 
from the county. He stands 
high in the Province as a 
politician, and it seems al- 
most useless for any man 
to oppose him in his own 
constituency. In 1890, Mr. 
Powell was elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Regents 
of Mt. Allison University, 
to which position he has 
been twice re-elected. He 
takes a great interest in 
educational matters, and is 
naturally enthusiastic in 



his own " Alma Mater." He is an able 
and popular lawyer, and is the senior 
member of the firm of Powell & Bennett, 
who conduct one of the largest legal 
practices in the Province of New Bruns- 
wick. In 1878, he was married to a 
daughter of Rev. G. B. Payson, a min- 
ister of the New Brunswick and Prince 
Edward Island Conference, by whom 
he has one son and one daughter. In 
religion, he is an adherent of the Me- 
thodist Church. Besides a very large 
law library, he has an extensive and 
most interesting library composed of 
scientific, literary, historical and poli- 
tical subjects. 









EDMUND SPENCER, 
M.P.P., Farmer and General 
Merchant, Frelighsburg, Que., 
was born at St. Armand East, Que., 
April iQth, 1846. He is the son of the 
late Ambrose S. Spencer, and Mary, 
daughter of the late Major P. Thomas, 
descendents of United Empire Loyal- 
ists. Mr. Spencer was educated at the 
Grammar School, Frelighsburg, and at 
Poughkeepsie, N.Y. In the Spring of 
1868, he engaged in farming at St. Ar- 
mand East. In December, 1889, with 
H. T. Spencer, he purchased the well- 
known mercantile establishment of J. 
Landsberg, Frelighsburg. He has been 



a councillor, school commissioner, 
secretary-treasurer of the Municipal 
Council and school commissioners of 
St. Armand East, and president and 
manager of the Mississquoi and Rou- 
ville Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 
since 1884. He was first elected a 
member of the Local Legislature in 
1881, re-elected in 1886, this election 
however, being declared void, he was re- 
turned by a large majority in 1888. 
He was re-elected at the General Elec- 
tions of 1890, and again in 1892, by an 
overwhelming majority. June, 1873, he 
married Francis S., daughter of the late 
R. L. Galer, Esq., of Dunham, Que. 

27 



418 








McCUTCHEON, Pro- 
pretor and Publisher of the 
Inland Sentinel, Kamloops, 
B.C., was born June 4th, 1854, at King, 
York County, Ont. His parents are 
Hugh and Margaret (Mills) McCut- 
cheon. He was educated at the public 
schools, and by private study. He 
spent his early life on the farm, and 
when twenty- one years old, was ap- 
pointed Inspector of Weights and 
Measures for York County, by the 
Mackenzie Government. Resigning 
that position in 1879, he spent one year 
in Manitoba, then returned to Ontario, 
and engaged in Mercantile business in 



Teeswater. In 1885, he went to Kam- 
loops, B. C., and in 1886, bought the 
Sentinel. In 1889, he established the 
Kootenay Star, at Revelstoke, B. C., 
which he still conducts. He has done 
much in revealing the interior resources 
of British Columbia, by publishing 
many valuable reports concerning 
them. He is a member of the Presby- 
terian Church at Kamloops, and on the 
board of management. He is also a 
member of the I.O.O.F. In politics, 
he is a Reformer. He was married, 
September loth, 1888, to Miss Maggie 
C., daughter of the late Roderick 
McLean, of Pictou, N. S. 



MKN OK 



419 




WILLIAM 
HYNDMAN, General 
Insurance Agent, Life, 
Fire and Marine, Charlotte- 
town, P.H.I., was born in 
1841, in Malpegtte, P.E.I. 
His father was a native of 
Antigua, West Indies, his 
family owning plantations 
on that island. His mother's 
maiden name was Anne 
McNutt, daughter of the 
late James McNutt, Esq., 
private secretary to the first 
Lieutenant-Governor of P. 
E. I. Mr. Hyndman was 
educated at the Central 
Academy, Charlottetown. 
He entered Her Majesty's 
navy in 1856, and served 
for several years, under 
Captain Orlebar, R.N., in 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence 
and Newfoundland Survey, 
under the Admiralty, sub- 
sequently in the flag ships 
" Indus, " " Nile " and 
" Duncan," on the North 
America and West India 
Station, under Admiral Sir 
Houston Stewart, Sir Alex- 
ander Milne and Sir James 
Hope, respectively, afterwards serving 
in H. M. S. " Victory," flag ship at 
Portsmouth, Eng., under Capt. Beau- 
champ Seymour (now Lord Alcester). 
Afterwards he served on the Mediter- 
ranean Station in H.M.S. " Newport," 
under Capt. Nares, now Sir George S. 
Nares, of Arctic fame. He was present 
at the formal opening of the Suez 
Canal, in 1869, by the Empress 
Eugenie, and accompanied Her Majesty, 
with other officers of the fleet, through 
the canal to Suez. Mr. Hyndman re- 
tired from the navy in 1870, under 
the Childers' scheme of retirement, and 
came to Prince Edward Island. He 




was appointed, in 1873, secretary of 
the Railway Commissioners, and after- 
wards held the position of Provincial 
Auditor, and Vice-Consul for the United 
States. In 1872, he was appointed 
Marshal of the Vice-Admiralty Court, 
which position he still holds. Since 
1878, he has devoted his time to the 
business of insurance, his business 
being now the largest in the Province. 
In religion, Mr. Hyndman is a Presby- 
terian. He also belongs to the Masonic 
Order, and Benevolent Irish Society. 
In 1871, he married Eliza Nelson, third 
daughter of the late Wellington Nelson, 
by whom he has five children. 



420 



MEN OK 




"Y\/ILLIAM DAVID HEPBURN, 
r- \ of the firm of Hepburn & Co., 
Shoe Manufacturers, Preston, Out., 
was born in the Township of East 
Whitby, Ontario County, Ont., October 
2nd, 1835. His parents were John and 
Helen (Williamson) Hepburn. The 
former was a prosperous and well- 
known farmer in that township. Mr. 
Hepburn began and finished his edu- 
cation at the public schools. His early 
life was spent on a farm. When a 
young man, he learned the waggon 
making business, but afterwards con- 
cluded to farm on his own account, 
which he did for several years. Later 



on, he bought a shoe fac- 
tory, then being conducted 
at Oshawa, Ont. After con- 
ducting it there for a short 
time, he removed the plant 
to Guelph, where he carried 
on the business for several 
years, manufacturing and 
selling boots and shoes, 
both wholesale and retail. 
In 1875, he commenced to 
manufacture in Preston, and 
has remained there ever 
since. He does a large 
wholesale business in On- 
tario and the North- West, 
extending to British Col- 
umbia. They manufacture 
principally men's and boys' 
boots and shoes, and kin- 
dred goods, and have ob- 
tained a first-class repu- 
tation for their various lines. 
His success as a manufac- 
turer is due largely to his 
thorough understanding of 
the public demands, his 
strictly honorable methods 
of doing business, and his 
invincible determination to 
hold his own against all 
competitors. Mr. Hepburn 
is a member of the Municipal Coun- 
cil, and has also been a member of 
the School Board for many years. He 
is, in religion, a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and in politics, a Re- 
former, but does not take an active 
interest in the affairs of the party. 
He is a member of the A.F. & A.M., 
Workmen, and Royal Arcanum. He 
has been married twice : first, on the 
third of March, 1859, to Miss Cath- 
arine E. Bartlett, and again on the 
eleventh of November, 1862, to Miss 
Isabella Stark. His family consists 
of three children, two daughters and 
one son. 



421 



ORTON IRWIN GRAIN, M.D., 
C.M., Selkirk, Man., was born 
August Qth, 1863, at Fergus, Out. 
His parents were William and Mary 
(Orton) Grain, of English descent. His 
father was a native of Gibraltar, a bro- 
ther of Major Gen. Edward Grain, of the 
British Army, and died in 1877. His 
mother was a sister of Dr. G. T. Orton, 
Ex-M.P. for Centre Wellington, Ont, 
but now of Winnipeg. Dr. Grain was 
educated in the public and High schools 
of Fergus, passed his matriculation, 
studied medicine in the Toronto School 
of Medicine, and graduated from Vic- 
toria University, in the Spring of 1886. 
He was assistant surgeon 
for the C.P.R., two and one 
half years before graduation, 
after which he was surgeon 
for Manitoba & North- West- 
ern Railway for six months. 
He then went to Banff and 
took charge of the Sanita- 
rium for Dr. Brett, and was 
also surgeon for the C.P.R., 
from Can more, Alberta, to 
Donald, B.C., six months. 
He then practiced in Man- 
itou, Man., nine months, 
and was subsequently in 
partnership, with Dr. Orton, 
of Winnipeg, one year, after 
which he settled in Selkirk. 
He has now taken into part- 
nership, his cousin, Dr. R. 
H. Orton, at Selkirk. Dr. 
Grain is one of the directors 
of the Winnipeg and Selkirk 
Electric Railway, and is 
also largely interested in 
the Lake Winnipeg Fish 
Company. He is a member 
of the Selkirk Council, 
health officer for the town 
and municipalities of St. 
Andrew's and St. Clement's, 
and coroner for Manitoba. 



He is an Episcopalian in religion, also 
a member of, and physician to the 
I.O.O.F., I.O.F., S.O.E., A.O.U.W r ., 
and Clan Cameron. In 1892, he made 
a professional trip, for the Government, 
of over three hundred miles, in a canoe, 
visiting all Indian reserves from West- 
burn, North Lake Manitoba, and Water- 
hen to Waterhen Lake, then to Lake 
Winnipeg, Lake Cedar, Charnahone, 
thence back to Cross Lake and south- 
east to Grand Rapids, and home via 
Lake Winnipeg. He was married, 
October 7th, 1890, to Annie, daughter 
of Thomas Cull, of Winnipeg. His 
family consistsl'of two children. 




422 



<T*\EV. W. H. SPENCER, B.A., 
|^ Presbyterian Minister, Mou- 
VS> tague, P.E.I., was born at 
Great Village, N.S., June 6th, 1855. 
His father was the late J. F. Spencer, 
Esq., and his mother's maiden name 
was Martha Spencer. They were both 
of Irish descent. Mr. Spencer spent 
his youth and early manhood on his 
father's farm. At the age of seventeen, 
he professed conversion, and in that 
year he also represented his Sabbath 
school at the Maritime Convention held 
in Summerside, in 1872. He attended 
Pictou Academy one year, Dalhousie 
College four years, Princeton Theo- 




logical College one year, and Theo- 
logical Hall (Pine Hill), Halifax, two 
years, graduating in arts in 1881, and in 
theology in 1884, and was licensed by the 
Presbytery of Halifax, in April of that 
year. During his collegiate course, he 
also taught school in Mount Pleasant, 
Highland Village and Nappan, in his 
summer vacations. He was ordained, 
October 2nd, 1884, at Georgetown, 
P.E.L, and then inducted into the 
charge of Georgetown and Montague, 
to which he ministered until 1888, 
when Montague was, by the Presbytery, 
made independent, with Mr. Spencer 
pastor. When ordained, the charge 
lacked organization, but in 
two years this was greatly 
improved, and in 1886, above 
214 were added to the roll. 
The present charge has in- 
creased in membership four 
fold and financially three 
fold, with complete organiz- 
ation. It is needless to say 
that Mr. Spencer is a hard 
worker, an earnest and 
faithful pastor. He is a 
clear, forcible speaker. In 
i89O,he was moderator of the 
P.E.I. Presbytery, appoin- 
ted commissioner to the 
General Assembly at Tor- 
onto, in 1889, and in Brant- 
ford, in 1892. He has 
been connected with the 
I.O.G.T. at intervals for 
sixteen years, and is at 
present High Chaplain of 
the High Court of the 
I.O.F., for P.E.I. January 
7th, 1884, Mr. Spencer was 
married to Mary E., eldest 
daughter of Joseph Peppard, 
of Great Village, N.S., by 
whom he has three child- 
dren, two sons and one 
daughter. 



423 




<^<TNR. JAS. WALKER MOORE, 
1 Dentist, St. Stephen, Char- 
lotte County, N.B., was born 
September lyth, 1866, in the parish of 
St. David, Moore's Mills, Charlotte 
County. He is the son of John A. 
Moore and Sarah Brown, daughter of 
Hon. James Brown, who was Surveyor 
General of the province for ten years. 
Dr. Moore received his early education 
at the schools of Moore's Mills, after 
which he entered the Normal School, 
Fredericton, graduating from that in- 
stitution with first-class honors, in 
1887, and then taught the Superior 
School, at Moore's Mills, for two years, 



and during his vacation studied dentis- 
try in the office of Dr. Whitney, Calais, 
Me. He then entered the Baltimore 
College of Dentistry, graduating March 
aoth, 1892, with honors, being the fourth 
out of a class of 101, and receiving the 
degree of D.D.S. He has since prac- 
ticed in St. Stephen, where he is working 
up a large practice, and being well 
equipped with modern facilities, will 
doubtless succeed. He is a member 
of Fellowship Lodge of Oddfellows, 
Calais, Maine, and of Orient Division, 
Sons of Temperance, of Moore's Mills. 
In religion, he belongs to the Universa- 
list Church. 



424 



1VLEN 




\\/M. HENRY ASHLEY, Editor 
V and Proprietor of the Globe, 
Boissevain, Man., was born August 
30th, 1851, at Cataraqui, Ont. His 
parents were David George and Re- 
becca Ann (Wright) Ashley, whose 
ancestors were Irish and English, and 
U.E. Loyalists. In 1857, they re- 
moved to Picton, Ont., where Mr. Ash- 
ley was educated, at the Grammar 
school. In 1870, they removed to Osh- 
awa, and in 1871, our subject entered 
the Vindicator office, Oshawa, remain- 
ing until 1877, when he went to Win- 
nipeg, and took a position on the Stan- 
dard, for about one year, then went on 



the Free Press, remaining until 1881. 
In November of that year, he, with Mr. 
Frank Oliver, published the Edmonton 
Bulletin, The following year, he re- 
turned to Winnipeg, and engaged with 
the Times. Early in 1883, he bought 
a newspaper plant at Toronto, and sub- 
sequently the Hanover, Ont., Post, 
which he conducted until May, 1889, 
when he removed to Boissevain, and, 
in August, 1890, started the Globe. In 
religion, Mr. Ashley is a Methodist, and 
in politics, a Reformer. He is also a 
member of the I.O.O.F. He was mar- 
ried, June 8th, 1887, to Margaret, daugh- 
ter of John Hahn, of Hanover, Ont. 



IVEKN OF* 



425 



JAMES STEWART 
NEILL, Whole- 
sale and Retail Hard- 
ware merchant, Fredericton, 
York County, N.B., was 
born in that city, October 
i4th, 1849. He is the son 
of John Neill and Jane 
McPherson, the former be- 
ing a native of Ayrshire, 
Scotland. Mr. Neil re- 
ceived his education at the 
private academies of Fred- 
ericton, first, under Mr. 
Denton, and then at the 
Collegiate School, under 
Prof. Roberts and Dr. Cos- 
ter, and after completing 
his studies, engaged as clerk 
in the hardware business of 
his father, which was estab- 
lished in 1848, and in 1870, 
he bought out the business, 
which he has since con- 
ducted with increasing suc- 
cess. He does the largest 
hardware and house furnish- 
ing business in Frederic- 
ton, and has had a number 
of large contracts, among 
which may be mentioned, 
the pipes for the water sys- 
tem in Fredericton, New Brunswick, 
which amounted to 700 tons of pipe, 
which he imported from the well-known 
firm of D. Y. Stewart & Co., Glasgow, 
Scotland, his tender for the pipe being 
the lowest. Mr. Neill is a member of 
St. Andrew's Society, has been presi- 
dent of the same for two years, also 
president of the Board of Trade, of 
which he was one of the originators. 
He was also one of the delegates to 
Ottawa, in 1885, in the matter of the 
Canada Eastern Railway, of which he 
is at present a director. He also belongs 
to the I.O.O.F., Knights of Pythias, 
and is president of the Fredericton 




Curling Club. In religion, he is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and holds the office of trustee. Mr. 
Neill has been married twice : first, in 
1870, to Eliza Davis, daughter of John 
Barrett, Esq., of Fredericton, by whom 
he has one son and one daughter, and 
second, in 1879, to Mary Todd, daugh- 
ter of Chas. E. Hill, Esq., by whom he 
has f :.ur sons and one daughter. He 
is an enthusiastic sportsman, and spends 
several weeks every year in shooting 
and fishing. In politics, he is a Lib- 
eral-Conservative, and has done good 
work for his party in election campaigns. 
He stands high in the public estimation. 



426 



CANADA. 




JAMES PATON, Dry Goods 
Merchant, Charlottetown, P. E. 
I., was born in Paisley, Scot- 
land, June 5th, 1853. His parents 
were Alexander and Elizabeth (Mc- 
Kechnie) Pa ton, the former for many 
years a designer of shawl patterns, etc., 
his father being a shawl manufacturer. 
Mr. Paton was educated at the " Moore 
School " and the Paisley High School, 
and at the age of thirteen, entered the 
employ of Robertson and McGibbon, 
the leading drapers of Paisley, with 
whom he remained six years. In 1872, 
he came to Prince Edward Island, and 
clerked in Charlottetown for four years, 



after which he entered into 
partnership with Mr. W. A. 
Weeks, of that city, under 
the firm name of W. A. 
Weeks & Co. In 1888, Mr. 
Weeks engaging in the 
wholesale business, Mr. 
Paton soon became sole pro- 
prietor of the business, 
which he still conducts 
under the firm name of 
James Paton & Co., and has 
succeeded in building up an 
excellent reputation for his 
house. He is a man of tact, 
judgment and integrity. He 
consults his own interests, 
as well as those of his cus- 
tomers, by crossing to Bri- 
tain twice a year to make 
his purchases there, person- 
ally, and has crossed the 
Atlantic over seventy times. 
The volume of his business 
is one of the largest of its 
kind in the Province, and is 
steadily increasing. In re- 
ligion, Mr. Paton is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, 
a steward and trustee in 
his church, and in politics 
is a Liberal. When quite a 
young man, he was president of the 
Young Men's Abstainers Union of Pais- 
ley, where such excellent work was 
done in the way of evening classes, and 
where he acquired much useful know- 
ledge. He is one of the directors of the 
Charlottetown Caledonian Club. Mr. 
Paton has been married twice : first, in 
1880, to Eva Melcora, daughter of the 
late John Anderson, Esq., of Sackville, 
N.B., who died in 1885 ; and, second, 
in 1887, to Florence Gertrude, daugh- 
ter of the late William Brown, Esq., of 
Charlottetown. His family consists of 
four children : three daughters and one 
son. 



427 





AINSLIE BRAITH- 
WAITE, M. D., Edmonton, 
Alberta, was born February 
1 6th, 1862, in Yorkshire, Eng. His 
parents were Rev. Win. and L,. E. 
Braithwaite. He was educated at King's 
School, Bruton, Somerset Westward, 
Devon., and Victoria College, Jersey. 
After leaving school, he entered King's 
College Hospital, London, Eng., where 
he remained until January, 1884. He 
came to Canada in March of that year, 
joined the North- West Mounted Police, 
served for eight years, sent to King's 
College for certificates in 1889, which 
he sent to Manitoba University, and 



after one course, was admitted to ex- 
aminations. During his last three 
months at Winnipeg General Hospital, 
he was resident assistant, but leave ex- 
piring, had to return to the Police, and 
for two years more did the duties of a 
surgeon, which he left in April, 1892, 
and began to practice in Edmonton, 
where he still remains and enjoys a 
large and profitable connection. Dr. 
Braithwaite is health officer for Edmon- 
ton, and during 1892, for the district of 
Edmonton. In religion, he is an Epis- 
copalian. He was married, November 
30th, 1892, to J. E. Anderson, daughter 
of T. A. Anderson, Esq. 



428 



OR 





ALLAN RITCHIE, Mill 
Owner and Lumberman, New- 
castle, N.B., was born near 
Paisley, Scotland, January ist, 1848. 
He is the son of David Ritchie and 
Mary Young, both of Renfrewshire, 
Scotland, who came to New Brunswick 
when Mr. Ritchie was about four years 
of age. He received his early edu- 
cation at the public schools of Resti- 
gouche, and Campbellton High School, 
and completed his studies at Chatham, 
N.B. In 1865, he entered his brother's 
lumber business as clerk, becoming 
a partner three years later. They 
have very extensive mills at New- 



castle, and large lumbering interests on 
the Miramichi, and also carry on an 
extensive business in dry goods and 
groceries. Mr. Ritchie was a member 
of the Legislative Council of New 
Brunswick, until its abolition. He was 
married, in 1884, to S. E., daughter of 
Richard Hocken, Esq., of Chatham, 
N.B. His family consists of three sons. 
He is a member of the Masonic Order 
and Highland Society. In religion, he 
belongs to the Church of England. In 
his business are employed between 300 
and 400 men, and in 1893, the ship 
" Ruby " made four round trips between 
Great Britain and the Miramichi. 



CANADA. 



429 




. DAVID LAIRD, ex-Lieut.- 
Governor of N.W.T., Journa- 
list, Charlottetown, P.E.I., 
was born in 1833, in New Glasgow, 
P.E.I. His father was the late Hon. 
Alexander Laird, a native of Renfrew- 
shire, Scotland, from which country he 
emigrated to P.E.I., in 1819. He be- 
came a successful farmer, and was for 
years a zealous member of the Royal 
Agricultural Society of P.E.I. He was 
M.P.P., for sixteen years, four of which 
he was a member of the executive coun- 
cil. Mr. Laird was educated at the 
Central Academy, Charlottetown, and 
at the Presbyterian Seminary, Truro, 




N.S. In 1860, he founded 
the Patriot, which has al- 
ways warmly espoused the 
cause of non-secretarian edu- 
cation. In 1871, he was 
elected to the Local Legis- 
lature, in 1872, he was ap- 
pointed a member of the ex- 
ecutive, and re-elected in 
1873. In the same year, he, 
with the Hon. R. P. Hay- 
thorne, Provincial Premier, 
went to Ottawa, to discuss 
the terms on which P.E.I, 
would enter Confederation. 
Their terms were afterwards, 
with a slight modification, 
accepted. In 1873, Mr. 
Laird having resigned his 
seat in the Local House, 
was elected a member of the 
Dominion Parliament, for 
Queen's County, one of the 
first M.P's. of the Island. 
On the formation of the 
Mackenzie Cabinet, he be- 
came Minister of the In- 
terior, in November, 1873, 
which he held until October, 
1876, when he was ap- 
pointed Lieut-Governor of 
the North-West Territories, 
his term expiring in 1881. He then 
resumed active journalism, to which he 
has since devoted his time. In politics, 
Mr. Laird is a Liberal, and in religion 
a Presbyterian ; has been an elder in 
his church for over thirty years, and 
in 1884, was a delegate to the Pan- 
Presbyterian Council, held in Belfast, 
Ireland, and also to that held in To- 
ronto in 1892. In 1864, he was married 
to Mary Louisa, daughter of the late 
Hon. Thomas Owen, Postmaster Gen- 
eral of P. E. L, by whom he has four 
sous and two daughters, one of his sons 
being a Ph.D., and a junior professor 
of Greek in Cornell University. 



430 



OR 



*-*^& 

THE LATE VERY 

A REV. DANIEL Me 
DONALD, D.D., and Vicar 
General of the Diocese of 
Charlottetown, Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I., was born at 
Maple Hill, in St. Andrew's 
Parish, February I9th, 1822, 
and died January 3rd, 1886. 
His father Allan McDonald, 
was a native of Moidart, 
Scotland, and his mother 
Catherine McGillivray, of 
P.E.I. In 1841, he entered 
St. Andrew's College, and 
after studying there for 
three years repaired to 
Rome, where he spent seven 
years in the study of rhe- 
toric, philosophy, history, 
Can. Law and theology, and 
at the completion of the 
course, received the degree 
of D.D. On February 5th, 
1851, he was solemnly or- 
dained priest, by His Grace 
the Archbishop of Incon- 
ium, vicegerent of Cardinal 
Patrizi, in the Basilica of 
of St. John Lateran. Many 
distinguished men passed a 
few years in the Propa- 
ganda with Dr. McDonald, and it was 
there, under its celebrated teachers, 
and in the cultured society of his fellow 
students, that he gained that solid edu- 
cation, and developed that love of study 
and refinement of taste, which so char- 
acterized him. In 1857, ne returned 
home, and shortly afterwards was as- 
signed missionary duties in Rustico, 
where he remained one year, when he 
was appointed to the pastoral charge of 
St. Columba's, East Point. He conti- 
nued there for nine years, during which 
he built a beautiful church at St. 
Margaret's In 1861, he was named 
senior priest of St. Dunstan's Cath- 




edral and vicar general. For seventeen 
years he labored in Charlottetown, en- 
dearing himself to his flock, and gain- 
ing the friendship of all classes and 
creeds. In 1878, he removed to St. 
Dunstan's College, where he taught 
the classics, English rhetoric and 
philosophy, for three years. In 1881, 
he resumed missionary work, and was 
associated with his nephew, Rev. J. 
Chas. McDonald, (now Bishop of Char- 
lottetown), in the pastoral charge of 
Georgetown, Cardigan and Sturgeon, 
where he continued in active work 
until the time of his death. He was a 
scholarly man and a pleasing speaker. 




,EV. LEVI STEVENS JOHN- 
SON, Methodist Clergyman, 
_ Newcastle, N. B., was born 
at Head of Tatamagouche Bay> Col- 
chester County, N. S., May 25th, 1842. 
He is the son of George Johnson and 
Mary Stevens, and has three sisters and 
seven brothers, two of whom are minis- 
ters in the Nova Scotia Conference, and 
one a physician in Bangor, N. Y. Mr. 
Johnson received his early education at 
the public schools, near the home of his 
boyhood, and then successfully passed 
through the Provincial Normal School, 
at St. John, N.B. After obtaining his 
license, he taught school for several 
years, and then further pro- 
secuted his studies for about 
three years at Mount Alli- 
son University. In 1868, 
he offered as a candidate for 
the Methodist ministry, and 
during his four years of 
probation, was stationed at 
Guysboro, Granville Ferry, 
and Weymouth, N.S. He 
was ordained in 1872, at 
Halifax, the Rev. Dr. Pun- 
shon delivering the ordina- 
tion charge that year. His 
first circuit, after ordination, 
was Alberton, P.E.I., where 
he remained the full term 
of three years, as he has 
done on all subsequent ap- 
pointments. Leaving Al- 
berton, he went to the Wels- 
ford, Queens County, N.B., 
circuit, and thence to Nash- 
waak, York County, and 
then to Albert, Albert Coun- 
ty, then to Milltown, Char- 
lotte County, then St. An- 
drew's, Charlotte County, 
then Baie Verte, Westmore- 
land County, and from there 
to his present charge at 
Newcastle. Mr. Johnson 



was first married on November 4th, 
1872, to Sarah Jane, daughter of Samuel 
Pickup, Esq., of Granville Ferry, Anna- 
polis County, N.S., by whom he had 
four sons and two daughters. He was 
married the second time on October 
1 2th, 1892, to Susan A., daughter of 
Amos F. Lawrence, Esq., of Southamp- 
ton, Cumberland County, N.S. He is 
a member of the Independent Order of 
Foresters, A. O. U. W., S. of T., and 
I. O. G. T. While in St. Andrews, he 
was chairman of St. Stephen District, 
and is at present chairman of the Mira- 
rnichi District of the New Brunswick 
and Prince Edward Island Conference. 




432 



OF- 




REV. PETER McIN- 
TYRE, D.D., Charlottetown, 
> P.E.I., third Bishop of Char- 
lottetown, was born at Cable Head, in 
the Parish of St. Peters, on 2Qth of 
June, 1818. His parents, Angus Mcln- 
tyre and Sarah McKinnon, were natives 
of Uist, Invernessshire, Scotland. He 
commenced his studies in the old Col- 
lege of St. Andrew's, after which he 
proceeded to the College of St. Hya- 
cinthe, P.Q., where he continued his 
classical and philosophical studies for 
five years. In 1840, he entered the 
Grand Seminary of Quebec, and after 
a three years' course of theology in 




that institution, was on the 26th of 
February, 1843, ordained to the priest- 
hood, by Bishop Signay, in the Cath- 
edral of Quebec. For sixteen months 
after ordination, he was assistant to 
Rev. S. Perry, at Miscouche, and in 
the Fall of the following year, was ap- 
pointed to the mission of S. S. Simon 
and Jude, at Tignish, where he re- 
mained seventeen years. On the 8th of 
May, 1860, word was received from 
Rome, announcing that the vacant See 
of Charlottetown had been filled, and 
that the choice of the Supreme Pontiff 
had fallen on the Rev. Peter Mclntyre. 
He received Episcopal consecration in 
August, 1860, and from that 
day, devoted his time with 
great diligence to the diver- 
sified labors of his calling. 
During his episcopate, St. 
Dunstan's College was re- 
built in brick, eight con- 
vents were established, and 
over a score of churches and 
parochial houses erected, 
but the crown of all his la- 
bors, was the bestowal on 
the city of Charlottetown, 
in 1879, of a large house 
finished as a hospital, open 
to all. He visited Rome 
five times during his Epis- 
copal career, and on the first 
occasion, extended his jour- 
ney to the Holy Land. He 
took part in the Ecumenical 
Council of 1870, where it 
was generally conceded that 
no more imposing figure 
than Bishop Mclntyre's was 
seen in the grand procession 
of churchmen. In his death, 
which occured April 3Oth, 
1891, the church has sus- 
tained a heavy loss, and the 
Province of P.E.I., one of its 
noblest citizens. 



JVIEN 



CANADA. 



433 




JOHN JAMES WEDDALL, 
Dry Goods Merchant, Frederic- 
ton, N. B., was born at Pictou, 
N.S., July 6th/ 1845. His parents were 
Rev. Richard Weddall, of Yorkshire, 
and Mildred West, of Lincolnshire, 
Eng., who came to this country in 
1842. Mr. Weddall received his early 
education in Nova Scotia, and then en- 
tered Mount Allison University at Sack- 
ville, N. B., (it then being known as 
Sackville Academy), graduating with 
first-class honors in 1862. He then 
removed to Fredericton, and entered 
the dry goods business in the employ 
of the late George Pattison, and subse- 



quently with the late Thomas Logan, 
and on the death of the latter, in 1881, 
he purchased the business and premises, 
and has made very extensive altera- 
tions, and his establishment is now one 
of the leading dry goods firms in New 
Brunswick, and is still increasing. Mr. 
Weddall was married, in 1873, to Julia 
Louisa, third daughter of the late Geo. 
Hatt, Esq., of Fredericton. His family 
consists of one son and one daughter. 
In religion, Mr. Weddall is a Methodist, 
and holds the offices of recording 
steward and assistant-superintendent 
of the Sabbath School. In politics, he 
is a Conservative. 

28 



434 





,BV. JOS. LUDGER BEAU- 
REGARD, Parish Priest, Wa- 
_ terloo, P. Q., was born No- 
vember loth, 1853, at La Presentation, 
P. Q. His parents were Joseph and 
Josephte (Petit) Beauregard, highly 
respected residents of that place. After 
receiving his primary education, Father 
Beauregard entered St. Hyacinthe Col- 
lege, where he spent eight years, and 
at the expiration of his term of study, 
was appointed to a professorship in that 
institution, which he held for eight 
years, when he was appointed to Sorel, 
as vicar, in which capacity he served six 
years. He was then appointed parish 



priest of St. Joachim, in Shefford Co., 
where he also remained for six years, 
and was then appointed to Waterloo, 
his present charge, where he has suc- 
ceeded in building up a good cause, 
which is constantly increasing in num- 
bers and influence. He was ordained in 
the Monastery of the Precious Blood, by 
Bishop Moreau. While in St. Joachim, 
his church was destroyed by fire, but 
he erected a more costly one in the 
space of a year. Father Beauregard is 
a fine scholar and a liberal minded 
Christian, and stands high in the esti- 
mation of his parishioners and the pub- 
lic in general. 



JVlKN 



435 




,EV. ALF. EDWARD 
BURKE, B. D., J. 
Cn.B.,P.P., Al- 
berton, P. E. I., was born 
September 8th, 1860, at 
Georgetown, P. E. I., where 
his parents, Capt. James 
Burke and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Mary 
Moar, still reside, and are 
held in much respect. Fa- 
ther Burke was educated at 
Georgetown High School, 
St. Dunstan's College, Char- 
lottetown, and Laval Uni- 
versity, Quebec, graduating 
as above in 1885. He was 
appointed secretary to the 
late Bishop Mclntyre, Char- 
lottetown, with whom he 
remained two and one half 
years, and then, in 1888, 
parish priest at Alberton, 
where he has since labored 
with so much acceptance. 
He went there to build up 
the ecclesiastical institu- 
tions of the parishes of Al- 
berton and Lot Seven, a re- 
sult which he has been able 
to accomplish in a surpris- 
ingly short time, and in a 
most efficient manner. He is untiring 
in his efforts to upbuild his church, as 
well as in every other good cause which 
has for its aim the advancement of 
morality. Father Burke was the first 
to organize the Catholic Mutual Benefit 
Association in Prince Edward Island, 
and has, of course, always taken an in- 
terest in its growth in that province. In 
1892, in company with other prominent 
gentlemen, he went out to the North- 
West and Pacific Coast, at the invitation 
of the Canadian Pacific Railway Co., 
to report upon the fertility, extent, 
etc., of those regions, as a field for 
colonization. His report was exhaus- 




tive and very instructive. He has fre- 
quently been consulted on the coloniza- 
tion schemes of the country. He is a 
staunch Conservative in politics, and 
takes an active and practical interest 
in whatever tends to the welfare and 
prosperity of his country. Father 
Burke is a fluent and able preacher, 
a frequent contributor to the press, and 
as such wields a trenchant pen, into 
which he instils all his energetic man- 
ner and wide knowledge. He is also very 
popular with not only his own people, 
but also all who make his acquaintance. 
He is a young man and, doubtless, high 
honors are in store for him. 



436 





WILLIAM GIRDLE- 

STONE, Winnipeg, Man., was 
born in 1839, at Thornhill, Ont. His 
father was the late George William 
Girdlestone, barrister, formerly of Kel- 
ling, Norfolk, Eng., and son of the 
Rev. William Ewin Girdlestone, rector 
of that place, many of whose family 
occupied very prominent positions as 
professional men. The subject of this 
sketch was educated at the London, 
Ont., Grammar school. Rev. B. Baley, 
principal. After leaving school, he re- 
moved, in 1864, to Windsor, Ont., 
where he was engaged chiefly in the 
forwarding business. While residing 



there, he married, in 1866, 
Louisa R., the second 
daughter of the late William 
Baby, Sheriff of Essex Co., 
Ont. His family consists 
of six sons and one daugh- 
ter. At Windsor, Mr. Gir- 
dlestone had his share of 
municipal and other honors, 
having been chairman of 
the Board of Public Works, 
president of the Board of 
Trade, and for five years 
president of the Windsor 
Cricket Club, etc. In 1879, 
he removed to Winnipeg. 
He was a promoter and one 
of the directors of the Win- 
nipeg Gas Co., and a direc- 
tor of the Winnipeg Water 
Works Co., but sold out his 
interest in both at a favor- 
able time. He organized 
and successfully managed 
the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way Express Co., also or- 
ganized the North-West 
Fire Insurance Co., the lead- 
ing local fire insurance com- 
pany of Manitoba, of which 
he is the managing-director. 
The firm of G. W. Girdle- 
stone & Sons are agents for Lloyds, of 
London, England, and for a number of 
well known and much esteemed British 
Fire Insurance offices, and at the 
present time control the largest fire in- 
surance busiuess west of Montreal, cov- 
ering a territory from Fort William to 
British Columbia, a distance of more 
than two thousand miles. Mr. Girdle- 
stone has been, for several years, a de- 
legate from Christ Church to the Eng- 
lish Church Synod, and a member of 
the Executive Committee. His eldest 
son is a medical graduate of McGill Uni- 
versity, Montreal, and is practicing in 
California. 



OR 



437 



ON. JOHN CHRISTIAN ical Board, president of the South 
SCHULTZ, M.D., F.B.S.C., Western Ry., and chairman of the corn- 
Fellow of the Imperial In- mittee of the Senate, on North-West 
stitute, Winnipeg, Lieut.-Governor of products, and of the committee upon 
Manitoba, was born January ist, 1840, 




in Amherstburg, Ont. Received his 
preliminary education at Amherstburg 
and Oberlin College, and his medical 
education at Kingston, and medical 
branch Victoria College, Toronto, gra- 
duating as M.D. in 1861. In 1863, he 
assisted in forming the Institute of 
Rupert's Land, of which he became 
secretary. In 1867-68, he urged the 
union of the provinces, and made efforts 
to induce the Western extension of the 
Confederation of provinces, 

to include his adopted home, , 

and was awarded the Con- 
federation medal. When 
the purchase of the North- 
West was consummated in 
1869, and after the capture 
of Fort Garry by the in- 
surgents of that year, his 
house was besieged, he being 
captured and incarcerated 
in Fort Garry. In the fol- 
lowing year he escaped, and 
assisted in the release of the 
other prisoners. He was 
then declared liable to be 
shot, a reward was offered 
for his capture, dead or 
alive, but he succeeded in 
eluding search, and after a 
toilsome journey reached 
Ottawa. In 1870, he re- 
turned to Manitoba, and 
was chosen to represent 
Lisgar in the Commons, 
which seat he held until 
1882, when he was promoted 
to the Senate. He was a 
member of the Executive 
Council for the N.W.T., in 
1872, one of the Board of 
Governors of Manitoba Med- 



the resources of the Mackenzie Basin. 
He was appointed Lieut.-Governor of 
Manitoba, July ist, 1888. In 1867, he 
was married to Agnes Campbell, 
daughter of Jas. Farquharsou, Esq., 
formerly of British Guiana. An ad- 
dress was recently presented to him by 
the prelates, judges, Conservative and 
Reform politicians, and citizens of 
Winnipeg, acknowledging the great 
value of his public services for the 
past thirty-two years. 





43* 



MEN 




ROGERS, M.P.P., 
Wholesale and Retail Hard- 
ware Merchant, Charlottetown, 
P.E.I., was born at Kintleth, Carmar- 
thanshire, Wales, in 1836. His father 
was the late Jonah Rogers, and his 
mother Hannah Thomas, was the 
youngest daughter of Abel Thomas, a 
noted local Methodist preacher, of Car- 
marthan. Mr. Jonah Rogers was a 
tradesman, and came from Wales to 
P.E.I., in 1839, settling in Bedeque, 
where he raised a large family, six 
sons and three daughters, and where 
he and his estimable wife are held in 
the highest respect. Mr. Benj. Rogers 




was educated in the public school at 
Bedeque, and in 1854, entered, the em- 
ploy of the Hon. Thomas W. Dodd, 
hardware merchant, Charlottetown. In 
1859, Mr. Rogers became & partner, 
and in 1892, sole proprietor of the im- 
mense hardware business carried on 
under the firm name of Dodd & Rogers, 
which is perhaps the wealthiest hard- 
ware firm in the colony. Mr. Rogers 
is a public spirited and enterprising 
citizen, being extensively identified 
with the chief commercial interests of 
his province, such as banks, steamship, 
telephone and other companies, being 
a large stockholder in many of them. 
He is a director of the 
P.E.I. Telephone Co., and 
for four years has been 
president of the Charlotte- 
town Driving Park and Pro- 
vincial Exhibition Associ- 
ation. He is also a large 
real estate owner, and his 
residence, Fairholm, former- 
ly the residence of the late 
Hon. Judge Young, is per- 
haps the finest on the island. 
In religion, Mr. Rogers is 
an adherent of the Metho- 
dist Church, in politics, a 
staunch Liberal, and one 
who has always taken an 
active interest in both Do- 
minion and Provincial elec- 
tions. In 1893, he was 
elected by a large majority 
to the Council of the Pro- 
vincial Legislature (prop- 
erty qualification). He is 
also a member of the A.F. 
& A.M. In 1866, Mr. 
Rogers was married to Mary 
L., daughter of Richard 
Trenaman, Esq., of Ro- 
chester, N.Y. His family 
consists of three sons and 
one daughter. 



MEN 



439 




^\ 7TICHAKL SCANLAN, Superin- 
j[_\ I tendeut Dominion Steamship 
vS> Co., Montreal, Que, was 
born in 1838, in Ireland. His father 
was P. Scan Ian, estate agent, Ireland, 
a man of integrity and business capac- 
ity. Mr. Scanlan was educated at 
Button's Academy, and the Jesuit's 
School, and was an apt student, always 
standing well in his classes. After 
leaving school, he commenced business 
with Messrs. Cowan & Cross, whole- 
sale grocers, and after remaining with 
them some time, engaged with Bavid 
Torrance & Co., with whom he still 
continues. He is a thorough business 



man, and fully iinformed on all mat- 
ters pertaining to the ocean carrying 
trade, in which he holds so prominent 
a place. Under his superintendence 
the Dominion Steamship Company are 
doing their full share of the freight 
and passenger business across the At- 
lantic, and giving satisfaction to all 
who patronize that popular line of 
vessels. In religion, Mr. Scanlan is a 
Roman Catholic, and in politics, is in 
favor of Tariff Reform. He was mar- 
ried on the thirtieth day of August, 
1862 and has a family of seven 
children, living, four sons and three 
daughters. 



CANADA. 




JOHN DRINNAN, Editor and 
Proprietor of the Medecine 
Hat Times, was born in Mont- 
real, Que., October 4th, 1862. His pa- 
rents were W. C. and Isabella (Keith) 
Drinnan, both Scotch. Mr. Drinnan 
received his education at the Pene- 
tanguishene public school, the St. 
Catharines Collegiate Institute and 
Queen's University. He then taught 
school six years in Ontario, after which 
he removed to Manitoba, in September, 
1883. In 1884, he left Winnipeg, with 
Col. Dennison as a Canadian voyageur, 
to join the expedition for the relief of 
Gordon, on the Nile. On his return 



he settled in Medecine Hat, Assa., where 
he taught school for four years. He 
subsequently bought the Times, from 
a local company, which he continues 
to conduct very successfully. Aside 
from the large circulation of the paper, 
the 7^imes job department is largely 
patronized, and all the appointments of 
the enterprise are on the best modern 
scale. In religion, Mr. Drinnan is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, an Inde- 
pendent with Conservative leanings. 
He is also a member of the I.O.O.F. 
and A. O.K. societies. He was ap- 
pointed Meteorological Observer, in 
August, 1891, at Medecine Hat. 



CANADA. 



441 




AMUEL C. SMITH, Editor and 
Publisher of the North Onta- 
rio Times, Uxbridge, Ont, 
was born February 2 8th, 1830, at Coal- 
brookdale, Shropshire, England. His 
father was a printer and publisher, as 
was also his grandfather, both doing 
business at Ironbridge, Shropshire. 
Mr. Smith learned the trade of a prin- 
ter in his boyhood, in the publishing 
house of Thompson & Davidson, in the 
great English Metropolis, after which 
he worked as a journeyman for some 
years, when he began business as 
printer and bookseller, in Ironbridge, 
Eng., where he conducted a successful 




trade until 1857, when he came to Can- 
ada and located at Niagara. He bought 
the Niagara Mail, and conducted it for 
several years. He then went to Coati- 
cook, Que., and purchased the Observer, 
which paper he conducted with good 
success for several years. In 1890, he 
moved to Uxbridge, and bought the 
two papers, The Guardian and The 
North Ontario Times, amalgamating 
them both into the latter. The North 
Ontario Times is a Conservative paper 
of the progressive type. It has a large 
circulation and a profitable advertising 
patronage. Mr. Smith gets up a paper 
of great interest, and there is but little 
going on in Uxbridge and 
the country around, that 
may not be read in its pages. 
There is also a well con- 
ducted job office in connec- 
tion with the paper which 
is well patronized. Mr. 
Smith was magistrate for 
over twenty years, and has, 
at different times, occupied 
a seat at the Council Board. 
In religion, he is an ad- 
herent of the Methodist 
Church. He has also been 
a member^ of the A. F. and 
A. M. for over thirty years, 
and owns a considerable 
amount of real estate in the 
towns of Uxbridge, Ont., 
and Coaticook, P. Q. Mr. 
Smith was married on the 
twenty-second of December, 
1851, to Miss Miriam Gard- 
ner, daughter of Charles 
Gardner, of Oxford, Eng. 
Mrs/Smith died on the iQth 
of December, 1893, at Ux- 
bridge, Ont., and was buried 
on the 22nd day of that 
month, that being the forty- 
second anniversary of her 
wedding. 



442 



CHARLES HENRY PARME- 
1 LEE, Editor and Proprietor of 

^- -^> the Waterloo, Que., Adver- 
tiser, was born June ist, 1855, at Water- 
loo. He is the eldest son of Rufns E., 
and Jane (Me Vicar) Parmelee, who are 
among the best known and most highly 
respected citizens of that place. Mr. Par- 
melee was educated at Waterloo Aca- 
demy, and at the age of nineteen, be- 
came editor of the Advertiser, which he 
conducted for some years. In 1880, he 
joined the staff of the Montreal Herald, 
and was for two .and one half years, 
financial and commercial editor of that 
journal. He returned to the Advertiser, 
in 1883, with which he has 
since been connected, and 
it is now the leading Liber- 
al organ of the Eastern 
Townships. Besides his 
journalistic work, Mr. Par- 
melee has always taken an 
active part in municipal and 
educational matters. He is 
at present a member of the 
municipal council, was for 
years secretary-treasurer of 
Waterloo, and is at present 
sec.-treas. of the Protestant 
School Board. He is a sup- 
porter of the Liberal party, 
and as such, is widely 
known in the province and 
many other parts of the 
Dominion. His stirring edi- 
torials command the atten- 
tion and admiration of both 
liberals and conservatives, 
and at many public assem- 
blies, he has proved to be an 
eloquent, effective and log- 
ical speaker. Having de- 
voted the greater part of his 
life to the careful study of 
grave political problems, it 
may be readily supposed 
that he evinces a good grasp 



of public affairs, and his opinions are 
eagerly sought. His writings are 
characterized by great vigor, and his 
sentences are remarkable for their brev- 
ity and force. In religion, he is an 
Episcopalian. He was president of the 
Eastern Townships Press Association 
for 1892. His genial nature has won 
for him a host of friends, and he is one 
of the few men who can mingle with 
political matters, and sustain popular- 
ity with both parties. He was mar- 
ried, iii 1887, to Miss Christina Rose, 
daughter of Henry Rose, Esq., of 
Waterloo, Que. His family consists of 
three children. 




MEN 



443 




ATTHEW TEN- 
NANT, of the 
firm of Tennant, 
Davies & Co., Dry Goods 
Merchants, Fredericton, 
York County, New Bruns- 
wick, was born in the city 
of St. John, N.B., March 
i/th, 1847. His parents 
were George Tennant and 
Elizabeth Newman, highly 
respected citizens of that 
city. His father was born 
in London, Eng., and his 
mother in the North of Ire- 
land. He received his edu- 
cation at the schools of St. 
John, and after completing 
his studies, he was for a 
short time in the book and 
stationery business, and 
then entered the dry goods 
trade, with the firm of Ennis 
& Gardner, St. John, N.B., 
with whom he remained five 
years, gaining a thorough 
knowledge of the business, 
when he engaged with Mr. 
Chas. R. Ray, with whom 
he continued for one year. 
He then went to Providence, 
Rhode Island, U.S., and 
engaged with the firm of Callander, 
McAuslan & Troupe, remaining with 
them for about five years, when he 
began business on his own account in 
the city of Providence, where he re- 
mained about seven years, when he re- 
moved to Fredericton, and took the 
management of the dry goods business, 
conducted by A. A. Miller & Co., and 
on the death of Mr. Miller, he succeeded 
to the business, forming a 1 partnership 
with Mr. R. Davies, with whom he still 
continues. They are now doing a very 
extensive business, having increased it 
greatly of late years, and being direct 
importers, are in a position to supply 




the needs of the public in a way that 
demands appreciation, the dry goods 
firm of Tennant, Davies & Co., being 
well known in Fredericton and vicinity, 
as a reliable and fully equipped estab- 
lishment. Mr. Tennant was married, 
in 1870, to Marianie, daughter of the 
late Rev. Jacob Gunter, of Fredericton. 
He is a member of the Masonic and 
Oddfellows societies, and in religion, 
is a Baptist. In politics, he is a Liberal- 
Conservative. He is a member of the 
Board of Trade, an enthusiastic sports- 
man, and president of the Renous and 
Dungarvein Salmon Club, also a mem- 
ber of the Fredericton Curling Club. 



444 



MEN 




y E. PROWSE, M.P. P., Senior 
! member of the firm of Prowse 
^V> Bros., dry goods merchants, 
Charlottetown, P. E. I., was born near 
that city, February 2nd, 1858. His 
parents, William and Violet (Home) 
Prowse, highly respected people, are 
both living, and reside near Boston, 
Mass. Mr. Prowse was educated in 
the public schools of the Island, and at 
the age of sixteen, entered upon his 
commercial career, as a clerk in the 
employ of James Higgins, with whom 
he remained two years, after which he 
entered the establishment of W. A. 
Weeks & Co., where he remained five 



years, gaining a thorough 
knowledge of mercantile 
pursuits. In 1881, Mr. 
Prowse started business on 
his own account in a small 
way. Since then, it has in- 
creased six fold, and his 
business is now one of the 
largest in the Province, com- 
prising dry goods, clothing 
and carpets. In 1889, the 
rapid growth of the business 
necessitated a partner, and 
a brother, Mr. B. C. Prowse, 
was admitted. Mr. Prowse's 
success may be traced large- 
ly to his own popularity, 
tact and push, and also to 
direct importation and right 
prices. He is a member of 
the Independent Order of 
Foresters, and a Past Grand 
in the Independent Order 
of Oddfellows, In religion, 
he is a member of the Me- 
thodist Church, a trustee in 
the church to which he be- 
longs, a member of the 
Quarterly Board, and, in 
fact, active in all the work 
tending to the advancement 
of religion and morality. 
In politics, he is a staunch Liberal, and 
in 1893, was elected by a very large 
majority as a representative of the 
franchise (popular vote), in the Pro- 
vincial Legislature, the first Liberal of 
Charlottetown elected to the Local 
House in the history of that city, which 
shows the place he holds in the respect 
of the community. On July 22nd, 
1879, Mr. Prowse was married to Miss 
Frances Stanley, daughter of George 
Stanley, Esq., of Pownal, P.E.I. His 
family consists of two sons and one 
daughter, namely : Herbert Tippett, 
Georgina Margaret and William Le- 
muel. 



MKN OR CANADA, 



445 




JOHN T. McKENZIE, Merchant 
Tailor, Proprietor of the Star 
Tailoring Establishment, Char- 
lottetown, P.E.I., was born October ist, 
1854, in Strathalbyn, P.E.I. His par- 
ents, John and Catharine (McDon- 
ald) McKenzie, are highly esteemed 
residents of that place. Mr. McKenzie 
was educated at the schools of his birth 
place, and at the Desable Grammar 
School, and at fifteen went to learn his 
trade, at which he afterwards worked 
for some years as a journeyman. In 
1879, ne went into business on his own 
account. From 1881 to 1887, he tra- 
velled extensively through the U.S., 



working in the best establishments of 
the larger cities, gaining in this way a 
thorough knowledge of the business. 
In 1887, he returned to Charlottetown, 
and went into business with Mr. James 
McLeod. This partnership lasted six 
years, when Mr. McLeod retired, and 
Mr. McKenzie became the sole pro- 
prietor of a large and steadily increasing 
business. In religion, he is a Presby- 
terian, and holds the office of elder. In 
politics, he is a staunch Liberal. He 
is also a member of the I. O. O. F. 
November i5th, 1888, he was married 
to Mary, daughter of the late Donald 
McDonald, Esq., of Rice Point, P.E.I. 



.MEN 




/CLINTON JAMES MORSE, M.D., 
I Amherst, N. S., was born Feb- 

^^-*^^ ruary loth, 1840, at that 
place. He is the son of the Hon. Jaines 
Shannon Morse, brother of Judge W. 
A. D. Morse, also of Amherst. Dr. 
Morse was educated at Amherst and 
Lower Horton, Kings County, N. S. 
He began the study of medicine with 
Dr. Benjamin Purdy, of Amherst, after 
which he went to Edinburgh University, 
where he graduated in 1862. He then 
settled in Amherst, N. S., where he re- 
mained until 1875, when he removed to 
Montreal, but returned to Amherst in 
1878, where he still remains, in the en- 



joyment of a very large and successful 
practice. His marked success is the 
result of his professional skill, and the 
careful attention which he pays to all 
cases. Dr. Morse belongs to the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, is a member of the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of 
the Province of Quebec, also of the 
Medico-Chirurgical Society of Montreal. 
He is Coroner for the County of Cum- 
berland, N. S., and held the position of 
Assistant-Surgeon in First Regiment, 
Cumberland Militia. In religion, he is 
an Episcopalian. Dr. Morse was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary Boggs, in 1871. He 
has three daughters and one son. 



IVIEN 



CANADA. 



447 




B. NORTON, Wholesale and 
Retail Hardware Merchant, 
_ Charlottetown, P. E. I., was 
born January 6th, 1858, at Roseneath, 
P.E.I. His father, the late John H. Nor- 
ton, was one of the now historic u Forty- 
niners," who, in the year 1849, wen t to 
California in the brig " Fannie," and 
after a few years' experience of the tips 
and downs of the pioneer miner, re- 
turned to Prince Edward Island, and 
settled down as a farmer. He was a 
man of sterling integrity, and highly 
esteemed, but is now deceased. Mr. R. 
B. Norton was not favored with a good 
education, but he has made the best 




use of what little he received. He was 
out for himself when twelve years of 
age, and at seventeen, entered the hard- 
ware store of Bourke, Son & Co., Char- 
lottetown, where he remained seven 
years, and then went on " the road " 
for one year, for Gananoque manufac- 
turing firms. In May, 1883, he, with 
his brother, E. H. Norton, bought out 
the old business, which, eight years 
before, he had entered as an apprentice. 
In 1886, the firm of Norton Bros, dis- 
solved, and Mr. Fennell succeeded Mr. 
E. H. Norton in the business. In June, 
1892, Mr. Norton bought out his part- 
ner, and has since continued the busi- 
ness as R. B. Norton & Co. 
In December, 1892, he was 
burnt out, but bought the 
site and immediately re- 
built, and now has a finer 
stock than ever and one of 
the best fitted hardware es- 
tablishments in the Domi- 
nion, the volume of the 
business aggregating about 
$65,000 a year. Mr. Nor- 
ton is a typical business 
man, whose forte is hard 
work, and as such commands 
universal respect. In re- 
ligion, he is a Baptist, and 
in politics, a Conservative, 
an active and influential 
worker in his party. He is 
a member of the I.O.O.F., 
and has had all the honors 
in his lodge. In 1892, lie 
took a prospecting trip to 
the Pacific Coast, returning 
via the United States. Sep- 
tember 3rd, 1884, Mr. Nor- 
ton married Margaret Law- 
sou, daughter of the late 
Stephen McCallum, Esq., 
of Brackley Point, P.E.I., 
by whom he has four daugh- 
ters. 



448 



MKN OF* 



Y\7lLZJAM BOWMAN, London, 
r\ Ont., was born in 1820, in Liver- 
pool, Eng. His father, Win. Bowman, 
being an iron monger, and a local 
preacher, a zealous and influential 
worker in the early Methodist Church. 
Mr. Bowman was educated in Liverpool, 
where he also learned drawing and me- 
chanical engineering, and then entered 
the employ of the South West. Ry. Co. 
In 1853, he was sent out to Canada, by 
the G. W. Ry. Co., as mechanical super- 
intendent, with head quarters at Hamil- 
ton. In 1856, he was appointed Me- 
chanical superintendent of the London 
and Port Stanley Ry., with head quar- 
ters at London, and soon 
afterwards becarnesec.-treas. 
of the company, which posi- 
tion he held until 1893. 
Mr. Bowman is president ot 
the Canada Chemical Co., 
in which he is a large 
stockholder, a shareholder 
and director of the London 
Life Insurance Co., the On- 
tario Loan and Debenture 
Co., and the London Street 
Railway Co. He has also 
taken an active interest in 
public and beneficient enter- 
prises. He is a director and 
trustee of the London Y.M. 
C.A., the Protestant Or- 
phans' Home, and the Hu- 
mane Society, and is ex- 
president of the London 
Mechanics' Institute, to all 
of which, and many other 
kindred enterprises, he has 
been a princely giver. In 
religion, Mr. Bowman is a 
Methodist, a zealous and 
faithful worker for over 
half a century. He has 
been honored with nearly 
every office conferred on 
laymen, delegate to Con- 



ference, both General and Ecumenical, 
class leader, local preacher, and for 
nearly forty years, superintendent of 
the Sabbath School, where so many 
have been helped by his precept and 
example. In 1844, he married Miss 
Emma M. Smith. His family consists 
of five children, living, viz : John, sen- 
ior member of Bowman & Kennedy, 
hardware merchants, of London, James 
H., prof, of chemistry, in the Canada 
Chemical Co., and for years lecturer of 
chemistry in the Western University, 
London, Chas. A., his father's partner 
in the coal and wood business, Emma 
S. and Elizabeth E- 




OK CANADA. 



449 




THE LATE REV. EBENEZER 
-* ROSS, Presbyterian Minister, 
Truro, N.S., was born July 22nd, 1824, 
at West River, Pictou County, N. S. 
His father was the Rev. Duncan Ross, 
who came from Scotland, and was one 
of the pioneer Presbyterian ministers 
of Nova Scotia. Mr. Ross received his 
education at Pictou Academy, and 
Glasgow University, Scotland, and was 
ordained to the ministry in 1849, a ^ 
Upper Londonderry, where he remained 
for nearly thirty years. He afterwards 
removed to Truro, N. S., where he re- 
sided until his death, June I5th, 1891. 
In 1875, Mr. Ross was chosen Modera- 



tor of the first General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in Canada. Ill- 
ness, however, prevented him from as- 
suming the duties of that honorable 
position. His entire ministry was 
marked by great earnestness and a de- 
voted attachment to the people among 
whom he labored. He was an able 
preacher of the Gospel, always doing 
much to promote the moral and religious 
sentiment of the community in which 
he lived, and his demise closed a most 
honorable and successful life. He was 
married in October, 1853, to Margaret, 
daughter of Wm. Matherson, Esq. His 
family consists of one daughter, living. 

29 



450 




"]% If P. HOGAN, Lumber Merchant 
J^ I . and Manufacturer, Charlotte- 
VS> town, P.E.I., was born Janu- 
ary 4th, 1842, in Colchester, N.S. His 
parents Michael and Catharine (Mock- 
ler) Hogan, were natives of Ireland. 
Mr. Hogan was educated at the common 
schools of his native province. At the 
age of twenty-two, he entered mercan- 
tile life, by establishing a general busi- 
ness of his own, at Brule, N.S., which 
he conducted for eleven years. In 1875, 
he went to Charlottetown, and estab- 
lished his present business, which is 
the leading and really pioneer lumber 
business in the Province, the volume of 



which amounts to from $30,000 to 
$40,000. a year. He has been a mem- 
ber of the city council for two years, 
and is president of the Charlottetown 
branch of the A.O.H. In politics, he 
is a Conservative, an influential mem- 
ber of his party, and has been repeat- 
edly asked to become a candidate for 
parliamentary honors, but pressure of 
business forbids. In religion, he is a 
Roman Catholic. January i5th, 1866, 
Mr. Hogan was married to Miss Mary 
Elizabeth Baird, daughter of the late 
Patrick Baird, J.P., of Cumberland Co., 
N. S. He has three sons and three 
daughters, living, and one son deceased. 



451 



7TDAM CARR BELL, 
;\ Druggist, New Glas- 
Vs> gow, N.S., was 
born November nth, 1847, 
at Pictou, N.S. His par- 
ents were Basil Hall and 
Mary Carr Bell, the former 
was born in Scotland, and 
the latter was a native of 
Pictou, Nova Scotia. Mr. 
Bell was educated in the 
schools of New Glasgow, 
the academy at Sackville, 
N.B., and at the University 
of Glasgow, Scotland. In 
1866, he returned to New 
Glasgow, and took charge 
of the business formerly 
conducted by his father, and 
subsequently added to this 
a flour and feed business. 
Besides these, Mr. Bell is 
very largely engaged in the 
breeding of standard bred 
trotting horses, and of 
Clydesdale horses, Short- 
horn cattle and Shropshire 
sheep, and managed two 
farms in connection with 
that branch of his business. 
He stands high in the A.F. 
& A.M., for many years 
was a School Commissioner for South 
Pictou, and on the incorporation of the 
town of New Glasgow, in 1876, he be- 
came first warden of the town, and was 
re-elected by acclamation in 1884. In 
1878, he was elected for the House of 
Assembly of Nova Scotia, and re-elected 
in 1882 and 1886. In 1887, ne re- 
signed the seat in the Local House, 
and was a candidate as Independent- 
Conservative for the House of Com- 
mons, but was defeated, and has not since 
taken an active part in politics. While 
a member of the Legislature, he became 
Provincial Secretary of Nova Scotia, 
under the leadership of Hon. John 




Thompson, Attorney-General and leader 
of the Government, and after the resig- 
nation of that government in July, 
1882, was appointed leader of the Op- 
position, and continued in that position 
until he resigned the seat. Mr. Bell 
has always been a pronounced Liberal- 
Conservative, supporting the Act of 
Confederation, and all the important 
measures of the party in the Dominion, 
including the National Policy, and the 
building of the C.P.R. In religion, he 
is a Presbyterian. He was married, 
Sept. 4th, 1873, to Annie, daughter of 
John Henderson, of Albion Mines. 
He has four sons and one daughter. 



452 



IVLEISJ OF" 




TX/ILLIAM CAVEN BARRON, 
r r Principal of the London Con- 
servatory of Music and Elocution, was 
born in 1864, in St. Mary's, Ont. His 
parents were James and Agnes Perrie 
(Jackson) Barren, highly respected 
residents of that place. Mr. Barren 
was educated at the Collegiate Institute, 
London, Ont., but having felt an early 
and strong predilection for music, he 
decided to make that his life work. At 
seventeen years of age, he went to Bos- 
ton, Mass., where he remained two 
years, during which time he received 
the best tuition and training that city 
could afford. On his return to London, 



he was appointed professor 
of music in Hellrnuth Col- 
lege, a position he filled 
with much acceptance for 
several years. In 1888, 
having decided to obtain the 
very best training possible, 
he went to Leipzig, Ger- 
many, where, for two years, 
he^ studied under the best 
European masters. On his 
return to Canada, in 1891, 
Mr. Barren established the 
institution above named, 
one of the very best in the 
Dominion. His success has 
been far beyond his most san- 
guine expectations. From 
a small beginning of one 
teacher and a few pupils, 
eleven teachers and profes- 
sors are now required, and 
the attendance has increased 
more than ten fold in the 
past three years, and is still 
growing. The pupils come 
from all parts of the Pro- 
vince of Ontario, and from 
the United States, as far 
west as Chicago. His gra- 
duates are granted certifi- 
cates, and many of them are 
already very successful teachers. Mr. 
Barren has obtained for his institution 
a very high standing, both in the mus- 
ical and elocutionary departments, and 
his thorough qualification enables him 
to hold what he has succeeded in build- 
ing up. In religion, Mr. Barren is a 
Presbyterian, and is organist in the 
First Presbyterian Church, London. 
He is also a member of the A.F & A.M., 
being connected with Tuscan Lodge 
No. 195. On the twenty-fourth of 
September, 1890, he was married to 
Miss Ella A. Leonard, a daughter of 
the late Senator Leonard, of London, 
Ontario. 



453 






. G. D. WEAVER, Disciple, 
Pastor, Church of Christ, Mon- 
tague, P. E. I., was born 
April 3rd, 1866, at Weymouth Bridge, 
Digby County, N.S., where his parents, 
William C. and Sarah (McAlpine) 
Weaver, still reside. His paternal 
great-grandfather, was a staunch U.E. 
Loyalist, an officer in the Revolutionary 
War, and settled in Weymouth after its 
close. The subject of this sketch, at 
the age of twenty-one years, matricu- 
lated for the University. In 1887, ne 
entered Kentucky University, and gra- 
duated in 1891, in which year he was 
also ordained, after which he spent one 



year in evangelistic work in Ontario, 
chiefly in Hamilton and Blenheim, 
with marked success. In 1892, Mr. 
Weaver, on invitation, went to Mon- 
tague, his present charge, where bless- 
ings continue to follow his earnest 
labors, a large number of additions 
having been made to his church in his 
first year. It is one of the leading 
churches in P.E.L Mr. Weaver is a 
member of the I.O.G.T., and takes an 
earnest and active interest in every 
good cause, but especially in the one 
to which he has decided to give all his 
time and talents. Earnest and eloquent, 
we predict for him a brilliant future. 



454 



MEN 



CANADA. 





,EV. FATHER MICHAEL 
ALEXIS O'KEEFE, Rector 
5) of the Church of Assumption, 
Grand Falls, Victoria County, N.B., 
was born at Chatham, N.B., July i6th, 
1865. His parents were William and 
Elizabeth (Delaney) O'Keefe, the for- 
mer being a native of the County of 
Cork, Ireland, and the latter of Chat- 
ham, N.B. Father O'Keefe received 
his early education at the common 
schools of Chatham, and then entered 
the Seminary of Quebec, and took his 
classical course, graduating from that 
institution with honors, after which he 
received his theological course at the 



Grand Seminary, Montreal. He was 
ordained at Montreal, December iQth, 
1891, by the Archbishop of Montreal, 
and given charge of the parish of 
Grand Falls, which includes the par- 
ishes of Drunimond, St. Anne's Church, 
Tobique Point, and other outlying mis- 
sions. The Church of Assumption, 
at Grand Falls, was begun in 1882, 
and in 1885, was ready for worship. 
In June, 1892, Father O'Keefe became 
rector, succeeding the late Rev. J. J. 
O'Leary. It is one of the finest 
churches in the diocese, the interior 
being beautifully fitted up. Father 
O'Keefe is popular with all classes. 



JVIKN 



455 



^ YENRY MOWAT DRUM- 
(S jL\ MOND, Assistant Receiver- 

vS> General, Winnipeg, Man., 
was born August iQth, 1848, at Ottawa, 
Ont. His father, Andrew Drummond, 
Ottawa, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
1811, came to Kingston, Can., in 1834, 
to join his uncle Robert Drummond. 
His uncle's death, shortly after, resulted 
in his entering the Commercial Bank's 
service, Kingston. However, in 1847, 
he resigned its Ottawa (then Bytown) 
agency, and was appointed manager of 
the Bank of Montreal, there. For 
nearly forty years, he managed three 
of its important branches, until his 
retirement in 1884. Mr. H. 
M. Drummond was edu- 
cated in Kingston, and, 
in 1867, entered the service 
of the Bank of Montreal, 
remaining with them until 
1872, when he resigned and 
went to Fort Garry, in the 
employ of the Dominion 
Government. The first Riel 
Rebellion had just been re- 
pressed, and with the re- 
establishment of order, the 
Government extended to 
Manitoba the same financial 
connections as existed in 
the older provinces. Hence 
in 1871-72, the offices of 
Assistant Receiver-General 
and Government Savings 
Bank were opened under 
the immediate supervision 
of the late Hon. Gilbert 
McMicken, Mr. Drummond 
assuming control of the Sav- 
ings Bank Branch. At 
this time there were no 
banking facilities in the 
country, no bank or Do- 
minion notes were in circu- 
lation, the current money 
being notes issued by the 



Hudson's Bay Company, in the denom- 
inations of ^i, and five shillings, these 
notes were redeemable, at York Factory, 
by bill of exchange on London. On the 
superannuation of Mr. McMicken, Mr. 
Drummond assumed full control of both 
the offices. He is a thoroughly qualified 
and painstaking officer, admirably 
equipped for the responsible positions 
filled by him, and his entire service has 
been marked by great fidelity to the 
trusts imposed on him. In 1875, ^ e 
was married to Helen, fourth daughter 
of the late Dr. Eduiondson, of Brock- 
ville, Ont. His family consists of one 
sou. 





456 



OR 



^ TON. HENRY JOHN CALL- 
<3 jH BECK, Charlottetown, P.E.I., 
V ex-M.P.P., was born atTryon, 
P.E.I., l n 1818. His father was the 
late Phillipps Morris Callbeck, whose 
father was Phillipps Callbeck, Attorney- 
General, president of the Council of 
P.E.I., and Acting Administrator in 
the absence of Governor Patterson. 
While acting in the latter capacity, he 
was taken "a State prisoner to Boston, 
by a U.S. cutter, during the War of 
1812, but was at once released and re- 
turned to Halifax, by the U.S. author- 
ities, the captain of the cutter receiving 
a severe reprimand. Our subject was 




educated at Tryon, after which he went 
into mercantile pursuits there, for some 
years. He also built several vessels 
for the Newfoundland and English 
markets. In 1851, Mr. Callbeck re- 
moved to Charlottetown, and conducted 
a general store for several years, and 
latterly a large woollen business. In 
1867, he was elected M.P.P. for the 
2nd District of Queen's County, and 
re-elected four times, never defeated, 
and withdrew from politics, in 1878. 
In 1880 and 1881, he was High Sheriff 
of Queen's County, and as such had 
charge of the Provincial and Dominion, 
elections of the time. In politics, he is 
a Liberal, and in religion, 
a member of the Methodist 
Church, and for years was 
a prominent official in his 
church. He is held in uni- 
versal esteem by the public, 
and much beloved by his 
relatives and friends, and 
his declining years are 
brightened by the thought 
of noble deeds which he has 
been able to accomplish. 
In 1843, Mr. Callbeck was 
married to Miss Charlotte 
Amelia Robinson, a daugh- 
ter of the late Major Rob- 
inson, of Brighton, Char- 
lottetown, Prince Edward 
Island. He has had a 
family of seven children, 
five of whom are now liv- 
ing, namely : Annie B., 
now Mrs. R. D. Coffin, of 
Charlottetown ; Selina H., 
now Mrs. H. H. Schafer, of 
Shediac, N. B. ; Charlotte 
A., now Mrs. A. Love, Ken- 
sington, P. E. I. ; Matilda 
C., now Mrs. Capt. Muttart, 
of Cape Traverse, P. E. I., 
and Thos. R., of Portland, 
Oregon, U.S.A. 



457 




C T EO. WENTWORTH ADAMS, 
* Undertaker and Embalnier, 
Fredericton, N. B., was born in that 
city, July 22nd, 1865. He is the son 
of Jackson Adams, who carried on the 
undertaking business there for many 
years. Mr. Adams was educated in the 
public schools of his native city, and 
graduated from the Grammar school 
with first-class honors in 1881, after 
which he entered the dry goods busi- 
ness, in which he continued for some 
time. In 1889, the death of Mr. 
Adams, sen., took place, and it was 
from this time that our subject con- 
nected himself with the business, which 



was continued by the sons of the de- 
ceased, under the firm name of Adams 
Bros. In 1893, he decided to open up 
on his own account, and prior to estab- 
lishing himself, took a thorough course 
in the United States College of Em- 
balming, New York city, after which he 
spent some weeks in Boston, gaining a 
practical insight into the latest methods 
and ideas of undertaking. On his re- 
turn to Fredericton, he opened up a new 
and extensive establishment at the 
upper end of Queen St., where he has 
built up a first-class trade. In religion, 
he is a Presbyterian, and a member of 
the K. of P. and Orange Order. 



IVIEN OR 




\\TILLIAM T. WARE, of the 

^ r firm of William Ware & Sons, 
Butter and Cheese Exporters, Montreal, 
Que., was born in Belfast, Ireland, in 
1855. He received a thorough edu- 
cation in the schools of that city, and 
in 1865, came to America, and was en- 
gaged in business for twenty-two years, 
in the city of New York, "in 1888, he 
removed to Montreal, and became man- 
ager of the Canadian branch of the 
above firm's business, whose head- 
quarters are at New York, where they 
have carried on an extensive trade for 
the past twenty-five years. They ex- 
port chiefly to Great Britain and Ire- 



land, and are well-known throughout 
the Dominion and the United States. 
Mr. Ware has earned a high position 
in the respect of his fellow r citizens, by 
his perseverance and honorable dealing. 
He is a member of the New York Pro- 
duce Exchange, Montreal Board of 
Trade, and Butter and Cheese Associ- 
ation. In religion, he is a Methodist, a 
member of the Douglas Methodist 
Church, of the quarterly board, teacher 
of a Bible class, active in the work of 
the Christian Endeavor Society, and in 
all other departments of Christian 
work. He was married in 1881. His 
family consists of two children. 



459 



G~ 
-EO. WASHINGTON 
STEPHENS, Jr., 
Real Estate Broker, and 
member of the firm of 
Stephens & Warnecke, 
Montreal, P. Q., was born 
August 3rd, 1866, at Mont- 
real. His parents were 
Geo. Washington Stephens 
and Elizabeth Mary Mcln- 
tosh. His father is the sec- 
ond son of Harrison Ste- 
phens, who came to Mont- 
real in 1828. He was for 
twenty-three years an alder- 
man of that city, and now 
is the member for Hunting- 
don County in the Quebec 
Legislature, being one of 
the ablest and most brilliant 
speakers of that Assembly. 
His mother is the eldest 
daughter of John Mclntosh, 
of Edinburgh, Scotland. 
Mr. Stephens was educated 
at the High School and 
McGill College, Montreal, 
and continued his studies 
at Geneva University, Swit- 
zerland, and the University 
of Marburg, Germany, for 
two years, namely : 1886-88. 
He started business in Hamburg, Ger- 
many, in the office of Steidtman & Co., 
South American import agents, after- 
wards returning to Montreal, and en- 
gaged with J. H. Taylor and Thomas 
Robertson & Co., hardware and metal 
merchants. He afterwards became di- 
rector and vice-president of the Cana- 
dian B. & I. Company, now doing a 
leading real estate business in Mont- 
real. In politics, he is a Liberal, vice- 
president of the Junior Liberal Club, 
life governor of Montreal General Hos- 
pital and Protestant Insane Asylum, a 
member of the Mechanics Institute, of 
the Montreal Athletic Association and 




Montreal Curling Club, director of St. 
George's Snow Shoe Club, Fellow As- 
sociate of the University of Geneva, 
Switzerland, and a life member of the 
Artists Society of Schlarafia, Hanover, 
Germany. He is also vice-president of 
the Volunteer Electoral League of 
Montreal. In religion, he is a Unita- 
rian, and a member of the Church of 
the Messiah, Montreal, and holds the 
office of president of the Young People's 
Society. He is unmarried. Mr. Ste- 
phens' thorough education fully quali- 
fies him for his present position, and he 
is destined to make his mark among 
the business men of the Dominion. 



460 



IVLEN OK 




<^T\ C. NILES, L.D.S., Winnipeg, 
I Man., was born October 26th, 
1854, in Col borne, Ont. His 
father, the late Wm. Henry Niles, was 
a descendant of one of the oldest Quaker 
families of Prince Edward County. He 
removed to Northumberland County 
about the year 1850, where he resided 
until his death, and was held in high 
esteem. He was an extensive grain 
dealer, owned and operated large flour 
mills and barrel factories, dealt in 
land plaster, which he imported in large 
quantities from Oswego, N.Y., and was 
the first cash grain buyer in that dis- 
trict. His wife, Maria (Haight) Niles, 



is still living and resides in 
Colborne. Dr. Niles was 
educated in Colborne, after 
which he was in his father's 
employ for several years. 
In 1882, he went to Mani- 
toba, and built in Portage 
La Prairie, one of the lar- 
gest biscuit factories in the 
West, the machinery alone 
of which cost $35,000. He, 
however, made Winnipeg 
his headquarters, and Dr. 
Benson's house his home, 
in which family he always 
received the greatest kind- 
ness and hospitality. In 
1883, ne entered the office 
of Dr. J. L- Benson, dentist, 
where his mechanical skill 
soon received recognition. 
He became one of the char- 
ter members of the Dental 
Association of Manitoba. 
In 1884, he entered into 
partnership with Dr. Em- 
mons, which partnership 
lasted until 1891, when he 
opened an office of his own. 
His specialities are gold 
work and regulating natural 
teeth by means of bands. 
As a gold worker, he is one of the best 
artizans in the Dominion, as, having a 
fine natural mechanical genius, he un- 
dertakes his professional duties with 
the touch of a born artist. His prac- 
tice is steadily growing, and his patrons 
among the best citizens of Winnipeg. 
In politics, Dr. Niles is a staunch Con- 
servative, an influential worker in the 
Winnipeg Conservative Association. 
In religion, he is an Episcopalian. 
January i4th, 1891, he was married to 
May Bell Taylor, a niece of Mrs. Dr. 
Benson, and daughter of Wni. Taylor, 
Esq., Winnipeg. His family consists 
of one daughter. 



IVTKN OF* 



461 



YOUIS HENRY DAVIHS, Q.C., 
I M.P., Charlottetown, P.E.I., was 
/V born May 4th, 1845, i n that 
city. He is the son of the Hon. Benj. 
Davies, of Charlottetown. Mr. Davies 
was educated in the Charlottetown 
Academy, the Prince of Wales College, 
and finished his professional education 
at the Temple, London, Eng. He was 
called to the Bar of P.E.I., in 1866, 
appointed Q.C., in 1880. In politics, 
he is a Liberal. He was Solicitor- 
General of P.E.I., in 1869, and again 
in 1872-73, was leader of the Opposition 
in the Legislative Assembly, until 
September, 1876, when he became 







Premier and Attorney-General. His 
administration resigned, in March, 
1879. He was elected to the Dominion 
Parliament, in 1882, 1887, and 1891. At 
the General Convention held in Ot- 
tawa, in June, 1893, Mr. Davies was 
chosen leader of the Liberals of the 
Maritime Provinces. He is president 
of the Merchants' Bank, of P.E.I., was 
counsel for the tenantry before the 
P.E.I. Land Commission, and was one 
of the Canadian counsel before the In- 
ternational Fishery Commission at Hali- 
fax, in 1877. In 1872, he married Susan, 
fourth daughter of the late A. V. G. 
Wiggins. He has four children. 



462 



XIKN 





< J. ESTY, J.P., General Merchant, 
Postmaster and Mayor of East- 
man, P. Q., was born August 
25th, 1843, atSutton, Que. His father 
was James Esty, who was, for several 
terms, mayor of Sutton, and his mother's 
maiden name was Samantha Squire. 
Mr. Esty was educated at the public 
school, Sutton, and at Richelieu High 
School, where he completed his course, 
after which he followed farming for 
some years, and in 1867, he entered 
mercantile life in Glen Sutton, where 
he remained until 1883, when he re- 
moved to St. Johnsbury, Vt, where he 
successfully conducted a retail boot and 



shoe establishment for three years. 
Returningto Canadain i887,heopened, 
up a general store, at Eastman, where 
he now resides. Mr. Esty is a member 
of the I. O.K., and has held many offices 
in that society. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Municipal Council for twelve 
years, at Sutton and Eastman. In 
politics, he is an active Conservative, 
and has done 'good work for his party. 
In religion, he is an Episcopalian, and is 
one of the wardens of St. John's 
Church, Eastman. Mr. Esty was mar- 
ried, in 1869, to Miss Ellen S. Double- 
day, daughter of Ransler Doubleday, 
of Sutton, Que. 



OK CANADA. 



463 




EV. LOUIS CAMPBELL 
WURTELE, M. A., Incum- 
_ bent of Acton vale, P. Q., 
was born September ist, 1831, at Que- 
bec, P.Q. He is a son of the late Jona- 
than Wurtele, Seigneur of River David, 
County of Yamaska, P.Q. He began 
his education at River David, under a 
tutor, with whom he studied for seven 
years, during which time he went 
through more Greek than he afterwards 
did at college. In 1853, he entered 
Bishop's College, from which he gra- 
duated in 1857, taking highest honors 
in Mathematics. He then spent a year 
in London, Eng., to complete a course 




in Science, under the distinguished 
professors of the time. On his return 
to Canada, he took deacon's orders at 
Quebec, and two years later, received 
priest's orders. He first served as tra- 
velling missionary in the district of St. 
Francis, taking seven months to com- 
plete his circuit. The good he accom- 
plished in this capacity was great, and 
he soon became extremely popular in 
all parts of his circuit. His first charge 
was the mission of Actonvale, to which 
he was appointed, May 26th, 1862, re- 
ceiving his license from the late Rev. 
Samuel S. Wood, M.A., rural Dean of 
the districts of Three Rivers and St. 
Francis, commissary for the 
time being, and has re- 
mained there ever since. 
Mr. Wurtele is master of 
five languages, viz. : Eng- 
lish, French, Greek, Latin 
and Hebrew. He is regarded 
as one of the most scholarly 
men in the Eastern Town- 
ships. He has a most ex- 
tensive library, containing 
the largest collection of rare 
and classic works to be 
found in the district. He 
has, by his genial disposi- 
tion, established himself in 
the good graces of a large 
circle of friends. He is a 
Fellow of the American As- 
sociation for the Advance- 
ment of Science, which he 
joined in 1857. He is also 
a prominent member of the 
Masonic Order. He has al- 
ways taken an active part 
in educational matters. Mr. 
Wurtele has been married 
twice : first, in 1860, to Miss 
Emily Towle, of Lennox- 
ville, and second, in 1874, 
to Miss Isabella G. Hunter, 
of Richmond, Me. 



464 



IVIEN 




HE RIGHT REVEREND AN- 
DREW HUNTER DUNN, D.D., 
Lord Bishop of Quebec, Quebec, P.Q., 
was born October i6th, 1839, at Saffron 
Walden, Essex, Eng. He is the son of 
Hannibal Dunn, Esq., Town Councillor 
and Mayor of Saffron Walden, Essex, 
and Mary Ann Hunter, eldest daughter 
of the Right Hon. William Hunter, 
alderman, Sheriff and Lord Mayor of 
London. After school life and a resi- 
dence of nearly two years at Hiedelberg, 
Germany, and a year's experience of 
business in the city of London, he pro- 
ceeded to Corpus Cbristi College, Cam- 
bridge, Eug., where he obtained a Maw- 
son scholarship, in 1860, 
and a Manners scholarship, 
in 1861, and, graduating as 
29th Wrangler, in January, 
1863, he obtained his B.A. 
degree. In 1866, he became 
M.A., and in May 1893, his 
university gave him his 
D.D. He is also an honor- 
ary D.D., of the University 
of Bishop's College, Lennox- 
ville. He was ordained 
deacon, in St. Paul's Cath- 
edral, by the Right Rev. 
Archibald Campbell Tait, 
Lord Bishop of London, on 
Trinity Sunday, 1864, and 
was advanced to priest's or- 
ders on the same day in the 
following year. He worked 
as curate of St. Mark's, 
Notting Hill, London, W., 
from 1864 to 1870. He 
was curate of St. Mary's, 
Acton, London, W., from 
1870 to 1872, and Vicar of 
All Saints', South Acton, 
from 1872 to 1892, when he 
was elected by the Diocesan 
Synod, to be Bishop of 
Quebec, and by his zeal 
and activity in the cause of 



the church, has well sustained the 
name which he had made for himself. 
Bishop Dunn is a member of the S.P.G. 
and S.P.C.K., and was a member of the 
committee of the London Diocesan Lay 
Helpers' Association. He is the author 
of the following works : " Our Church 
Manual," " Holy Thoughts for Quiet 
Moments," " Helps by the Way, or 
Prayers for Children " and " Our only 
Hope," for those who have been con- 
firmed. He was married, in 1866, to 
Alice Hunter, only daughter of William 
Hunter, Esq., of Purley Lodge, Croy- 
don, Surrey. His family consists of 
five sons and two daughters. 




1VIKN 



465 






-rf TTUGHMcKAYFER- 
(S jH GUSON, Merchant, 
VS> Kingston, N. B., 
was was born at Earl Town, 
Colchester Co., N. S., Aug. 
i2th, 1853. He is the son 
of John Ferguson and Eliza- 
beth McKay, daughter of 
the late Alex. McKay, of 
Dalhousie, Pictou. Mr. Fer- 
guson was educated at the 
common school, at Earl 
Town, and when twelve 
years of age, commenced 
driving the mail to Pictou, 
a distance of thirty-six 
miles. He was subsequently 
apprenticed to the tailoring 
trade, at which he remained 
four and a half years, and 
during the last year was 
foreman. He then removed 
to Moncton, and entered the 
employ of D. A. Duffy, for 
two years, and then went to 
Boston, Mass., for two 
years, being in the employ 
of the Continental Clothing 
House. Mr. Duffy then 
asked him to return to 
Moncton, which he did, and 
remained with him until 
1 88 1. He then removed to Kingston, 
and started in business for himself, in 
February of the same year, and has 
built up a very extensive trade. Mr. 
Ferguson is also a Justice of the Peace, 
an issuer of Marriage Licenses, school 
trustee for the past five years, and sec- 
retary of the Board, also secretary- 
treasurer of St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
Church for nine years. He was mar- 
ried, February iath, 1882, to Rebecca, 
daughter of Wni. Farrow, Sheniogue, 
N.B., by whom he has two children. 
He is a member of the Masonic Order, 
also of the Oddfellows and Foresters. 
He first joined Keith Lodge of Masons 




in Moncton, and afterwards St. An- 
drew's Lodge, of Richibucto, in which 
he was advanced, step by step, and is a 
Past Master, and Past Senior Grand 
Deacon of the Grand Lodge of New 
Brunswick and Botsford, Royal Arch 
Chapter. While in Moncton, he was 
permanent secretary of Prince Albert 
Lodge of Oddfellows, for three sessions. 
He has always taken a very active part 
in politics, supporting the Blair party 
for the Local House, and the Conserva- 
tive party for the Dominion. He is 
also a member of the Municipal Coun- 
cil, having been elected for the Shin- 
town Parish, October i8th, 1892. 

30 



466 



M.EN 





OWEN HERRING, 
Petrolia, Ont , Editor and Prop- 
5) rietor of the Petrolia Adver- 
tiser, was born at Maranichnrch, Corn- 
wall, Eng., April 27th, 1846. His 
parents were Richard and Matilda 
(Herring) Herring. The father, who 
was a leading barrister of London, Eng., 
died when Richard was a child. In 
1852 Mrs. Herring came out to Canada 
with her son, and settled in Seaforth, 
Ont. She was a woman of beautiful 
character and passed to her reward, 
December 4th, 1891, in her 86th year. 
At Seaforth, young Herring received a 
common school education, and at fif- 



teen entered the office of the 
Stratford Examiner, then 
published by the late T. 
M. Daly, M. P. P., from 
1862 to 1865 he was on the 
Stratford Beacon staff, after 
which he was manager of the 
Huron Signal for a short 
time. Mr. Herring then 
founded at Goderich, the 
Conservative journal, 77ie 
Canadian Colonist, now the 
Goderich Star. At the end 
of one year, feeling his lack 
of a thorough education, 
Mr. Herring went to col- 
lege for two years. On the 
outbreak of the " oil exci- 
tement," he went to Oil 
Springs, and in 1867 re- 
moved to Petrolia, where he 
founded the Advertiser, the 
only Canadian oil journal, 
which he has continued to 
edit with great ability and 
success, having made it the 
recognized organ of the oil 
industry in Canada. Mr. 
Herring is a staunch Con- 
servative in politics, and was 
always a great admirer and 
strong supporter of his late 
lamented chieftain, Sir John A. Mac- 
donald, from whom he has received 
many confidential autograph letters. 
He takes a deep interest in whatever 
tends to the development of the oil 
industry, and the prosperity of Petrolia 
in general, and his well directed efforts 
in these particulars are appreciated by 
the people. In religion, he is an Epis- 
copalian ; he is also a member of the 
A.F. & A.M. On June 6th, 1877, Mr. 
Herring was married to Miss Emma 
White, daughter of Colonel White, 
of Lapier, Michigan, U.S. Three sons 
have been born to them, but all died 
in infancy. 



467 





EORGE ED WARD LOUD, Dry 
Goods Merchant, Farnharn, Que., 
was born May 27th, 1850, in the parish 
of Merevale, Warwickshire, Eng. His 
parents were John W. Loud and Jane 
Alcock, who were descended from old 
and distinguished families of Warwick- 
shire. Mr. Loud was educated at the 
Atherstone Grammar School, where he 
spent five years. He served an appren- 
ticeship with John Wilkins, dry goods 
merchant, Coleshill, Eng., where he re- 
mained four years. He afterwards 
engaged with Holiday & Co., of New 
street, Birmingham, where he remained 
one year. He then came to Canada, 



and shortly afterwards went to Michi- 
gan, U.S., afterwards returning to 
Montreal, and spending one year with 
A. A. Murphy & Co. In 1874, he re- 
moved to Farnham, and entered into 
partnership with J. W. Loud, which 
partnership existed for seven years. 
Mr. Loud is now in the enjoyment of 
a good cash business, and stands high 
in the estimation of the public. In 
politics, he is a Conservative, and in 
religion, a member of the Episcopal 
Church. He also belongs to the I.O. 
O.F. He was married in June, 1876, 
to Miss Frances E. Allen, of Farnham, 
Que., daughter of J. S. Allen. 



468 








IMMONS S. SCOVIL, C. M., 
M.D., Rat Portage, Ont., was born 
November 29th, 1854, at Port- 
land, Leeds County, Ont. He is the 
son of Samuel S. and Adeline Scovil, 
the former being a general merchant 
and well-known resident of Leeds Co. 
After receiving his primary education 
in the public and High schools, Dr. 
Scovil entered the Royal College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, Kingston, 
Ont., from which institution he gradu- 
ated, taking the degrees as above indi- 
cated. He began to practice his pro- 
fession, in 1877, * n North Gower, Ont., 
and, in 1882, removed to Rat Portage, 



where he still remains, and is now in 
the enjoyment of a large and im- 
portant connection, which is steadily 
increasing. He is also Gaol surgeon, 
Medical Health officer, and surgeon to 
Canadian Pacific Railway in his dis- 
trict, having held the last mentioned 
position for twelve years. In religion, 
Dr. Scovil is a member of the Church 
of England, and in politics, a Conser- 
vative. He is also a member of the 
Masonic fraternity. He was married 
in Feb., 1878, to Ella Ursula, daughter 
of the Rev. A. J. O. Laughlin, of North 
Gower, Ont. His family consists of four 
children, two sons and two daughters. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



469 




HAS. W. STRONG, 
Collector of Customs, 
Summerside, P. 
E.I., was born 2nd July, 
1829, in St. John, N.B. His 
father was the late Rev. 
John B. Strong, Methodist 
minister, born in Binghain, 
Nottinghamshire, Eng., and 
was sent out in 1813, by 
the British Wesleyan Con- 
ference to Canada. He 
married Elizabeth Gambee, 
daughter of Luke Gambee, 
of Quebec, by whom he had 
five sons and two daughters. 
After laboring over forty 
years in the active work of 
the ministry, principally in 
the Maritime Provinces, he 
becamea supernumerary and 
resided in Bedeque, P.E.I. 
He died at Summerside, in 
May, 1870, and his wife in 
October, 1872. Mr. Strong 
was educated at Woodhouse 
Grove School, Yorkshire, 
Eng., and in the various 
public schools of the towns 
in which his father was sta- 
tioned. He engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits for several 
years, in Charlottetown, P.E.I., Fred- 
ericton, N.B., Bedeque, P.E.I., and 
Summerside. In 1870, he became joint 
proprietor of the Summerside Journal, 
which he assisted to conduct, with much 
success. In 1873, he disposed of his 
interest in that paper, and received his 
present position from the Local Gov- 
ernment of P.E.I. In religion, Mr. 
Strong is a Methodist, and has held 
the office of S. S. Superintendent with 
much acceptance. In politics, he is a 
Conservative. In 1861, Mr. Strong 
married Miss Martha A. Wright, eldest 
daughter of Jesse Wright, Esq., of 
Bedeque, by whom he has had five 




children, two of whom are living, viz : 
Allen Wilmot Strong, B.Sc., of the 
High School, Montreal, and Jessie W. 
Strong, a graduate of Mount Allison 
Musical Conservatory. In May, 1870, 
Mrs. Strong died, and in July, 1876, he 
married Charlotte Maria Treadwell, 
youngest daughter of the late Nathaniel 
Treadwell, of Fredericton, N.B. Mrs. 
Strong is active and zealous in church, 
mission and temperance work, and is 
one of the Dominion superintendents 
of the W.C.T.U., and on account of 
her possessing rare executive ability, 
her services in these departments are 
much appreciated. 



470 




THE LATE NATHANIEL PET- 
TES, r M.P. for Brome, was born 
near the village of West Brome, P.Q., 
April 2ist, 1816, and died at Knowlton, 
Que., October 2oth, 1889. Mr Pettes' 
early educational advantages were limit- 
ed, but he made the most of them, and 
finally became a school teacher. When 
twenty-one years of age, he met with 
an accident which necessitated him de- 
voting himself to other than manual 
labor, and with his meagre savings, he 
opened a small store in a room of his 
father's house, and after remaining 
there for a time, removed to Brome, 
enlarged his operations, and carried on a 



prosperous business. After 
some years he sold out his 
business there, and engaged 
in trade in Knowltou, and 
succeeded in accumulating 
a handsome fortune. In the 
midst of his busy life, he 
always found time to devote 
his energies to public mat- 
ters. In 1845, he identified 
himself with municipal and 
school concerns, and from 
that time until shortly be- 
fore his death, gave his 
valuable experience to the 
Township and County of 
Brome, in some capacity. 
He was seven times mayor 
of the township, and five 
times warden of the county. 
He was also for many years 
one of the directors of the 
South Eastern Railway Co., 
and also for a time, of the 
Canada Central Railway. 
At the Elections of 1874, the 
electors showed their appre- 
ciation of Mr. Pettes' ser- 
vices, by electing him by ac- 
clamation, and during the 
four years he was in Parlia- 
ment, he gave his support 
to the administration of the Hon. 
Alexander MacKenzie, but he did not 
care for political life, and so did not 
offer himself as candidate for re-elec- 
tion. Mr. Pettes has left an untar- 
nished reputation behind him, and a 
career full of interesting and profitable 
less :,ns for young men to profit by. He 
was exact and methodical in his busi- 
ness habits, industrious and indefa- 
tigable in whatever he undertook, zeal- 
ous in his support of what he considered 
Bright and fearless in his denunciation 
of what he felt to be wrong. In 1844, 
he was married to Miss Narcissa Far- 
rand, who survives him. 



MEN 



CANADA. 



JOHN R. ALEXANDER, M.D., 
Proprietor of the Turkish Baths 
Hotel, Montreal, was born 
March i5th, 1841, at Mascouche Rapids, 
P.Q. His father, John Alexander, and 
his mother, Rebecca Robinson, belonged 
to families noted for longevity and 
vigor of character. He was educated at 
the Grammar School, Lindsay, Ont., 
Bishop's College, Lennoxville, P.Q., 
McGill University, Montreal, and the 
University of Buffalo, N.Y. For six 
years, till his voice failed, he was a 
zealous Methodist Minister, when his 
spirit of enterprise and talent for busi- 
ness drew him into lumbering and chair 
manufacturing in New York 

State, which he successfully , 

continued three years. In 
1872, he became associated 
with The ^Etna Life Insur- 
ance Co., and in 1875, was 
appointed manager for Mont- 
real district, which position 
he still occupies. In 1884, 
in consequence of great bene- 
fit to his health derived from 
his treatment there, he be- 
came interested in the Turk- 
ish Baths Institute of Mont- 
real, which he purchased. 
Under his supervision, this 
business grew from a modest 
structure of fifteen rooms to 
one of nearly two hundred. 
The many advantages of the 
place for boarders and tra- 
vellers has gradually chang- 
ed the character of the busi- 
ness, and in 1893, it was 
changed to the Turkish 
Baths Hotel, and is now 
widely known as the largest 
and finest temperance house 
in Canada. Dr. Alexander 
is a trustee of Dominion 
Square, First French, Mount 
Royal Vale and Cote St. 



Louis Methodist churches, Stanstead 
Wesleyan College, and the Wesleyan 
Theological College, Montreal, etc., etc. 
He is a member of the General Confer- 
ence Superannuated Ministers Board 
and was a member of the Annual 
Conferences, 1876 to 1892. He has 
always been interested in Church work 
and advancement, and is known as a 
quiet, but liberal giver in religious and 
charitable causes. Dr. Alexander was 
married, July 22nd, 1866, to Eunice 
Emma Watts, daughter of Mr. Jas. 
Watts, of Lancaster, State of New York. 
His family consists of two daughters 
and one son. 




472 



OR CANADA. 




EORGE EDWARD JAQUES, 
Forwarder and Shipping Agent, 
Montreal, P.Q., was born June 26th, 
1842. His parents were George E. 
Jaques and Anne Heap. Mr. Jaques was 
educated at the High School, Montreal, 
at that time a department of McGill 
College. Having been head of the 
school, he was entitled to a scholarship 
from McGill College, which however 
he did not claim. The firm of G. E. 
Jaques & Co., is well and favorably 
known in Canada. It was first estab- 
lished in 1836, and under the success- 
ive names of Henderson & Hooker ; 
Hooker & Holton ; Hooker, Jaques & 




Co. ; Jaques, Tracy & Co., and G. E. 
Jaques & Co., have held a foremost 
position among the carriers of the 
River St. Lawrence and the Great 
Lakes. Mr. Jaques has been a Free 
Mason for many years, and has held 
the offices of Junior Deacon, Secretary, 
Senior Warden and Worshipful Master 
of St. George's Lodge, No. u, Quebec 
Register, also for several years Secre- 
tary of Hochelaga Grand Lodge of 
Perfection and Registrar of Hochelaga 
Chapter of Sovereign Princes of the 
Knights of Rose Croix, and also one of 
the Grand Stewards of Grand Lodge of 
Quebec. He has also been promin- 
ently connected with the 
Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, being for several 
years on the Board of the 
Montreal Association, and 
has been chairman of em- 
ployment committee, also of 
rooms and library and the 
reception committees. He 
is also an active Methodist, 
having held the positions of 
secretary of the Sunday 
School, steward and trustee 
steward of the West End 
Methodist Church, secretary 
for several terms of the 
Methodist Sunday School 
Association, and is at the 
present time (1894) record- 
ing steward, and also trus- 
tee of St. James Methodist 
Church, the largest Metho- 
dist Church in the Domin- 
ion. He has also been for 
several terms a member of 
the Montreal Conference. 
He was married in 1868, to 
Miss Clarke, daughter of 
the late William Clarke, 
merchant, of Melbourne, 
Australia. His family con- 
sists of four children. 



CANADA. 



473 





McLEOD, Q. C., M.P., 
Barrister, etc., St. John, N. B., 
was born October 29th, 1840, 
at Cardwell, Kings County, N.B. His 
parents were John and Mary (McCready) 
McLeod. He received his education at 
the High School, Sussex, N.B. He 
was admitted as attorney in October, 
1867, and called to the Bar in October 
of the following year, and created a 
Q. C., in 1882. Since his admission to 
the Bar, he has practiced his profession 
with success, in St. John. In May, 
1882, he was appointed Attorney-Gen- 
eral, and elected to the Local Legislature 
for the city of St. John, in May of that 



year, and remained a member of the 
Government until March, 1883, when 
the Government was defeated, when he 
resigned with his colleagues, and con- 
tinued in opposition, until the dissolu- 
tion of the Legislature. In 1886, he 
was again a candidate for the Local 
Legislature, but was defeated. In 1887, 
he was a candidate for the Dominion 
Parliament, at the General Elections, 
for the District and County of St. John, 
with Mr. C. A. Everett, but was again 
unsuccessful. In 1891, he was elected 
for the city of St. John. In religion, 
he is a Baptist, and in politics, a 
Liberal-Conservative. 



JVTEN OK 




JOHN C. MEAHAN, M.D., 
Bathurst Village, Gloucester 
County, N.B., was born at that 
place, February ist, 1859. His par- 
ents were James and Bridget (Don- 
nelly) Meahan, natives of County Ty- 
rone, Ireland. The former was a mer- 
chant in connection with his brother's 
very extensive ship business. His 
uncle, John Meahan, was member for 
the County of Gloucester for a number 
of years, before Confederation. Dr. 
Meahan received his early education at 
the Bathurst schools, and then went 
to St. Joseph College, Memramcook, 
N.B., from which institution he gradu- 



ated in 1878. He then began the 
study of medicine, with Dr. Duncan, 
for one year, after which he entered 
McGill University, Montreal, gradu- 
ating from there in 1884, with the 
degrees of M.D., C.M. He then com- 
menced to practice his profession in 
his native place, and has worked up a 
very large connection. He was mar- 
ried, November 2ist, 1879, to Delia 
M., sister of Rev. Father Dixon, of 
Newcastle, N.B. In religion, Dr. 
Meahan is a Roman Catholic, and also 
belongs to the C.M.B.A., and is ex- 
aminer to the same, also of several 
leading insurance companies. 



475 



TTIEUT.-COL. ARTHUR 
I H. GILMOUR, Ban- 

^VS> ker, Stanbridge 
East, Que., was born at 
" The Manor, " Nicolet, 
Que., March i3th, 1848. 
His grandfather was the 
late assistant commissary 
Gen. Gilmour, and his fath- 
er, the widely known Dr. 
Gilmour, F.R.H.S., Glas- 
gow, Scotland. His mother 
was the daughter of the 
late wealthy Michael de 
Cressi, Seigneur of Nicolet. 
Col. Gilmour stands high in 
the Masonic Order, having 
been installed and pro- 
claimed Knight Preceptor 
of the Order of the Temple, 
in 1877, and Past Eminent 
Preceptor, in 1883. He is 
president of the Montreal 
and Vermont Junction Ry. 

+J */ 

Co., and sec.-treas. of the 
board, vice-president of the 
M. P. and B. Ry. Co. He 
also holds several important 
local positions, such as presi- 
dent of the Stanbridge Ag- 
assiz, Missisquoi County 
Plowing, 6oth Batt. Rifle 
Associations, and of the 6oth Batt. Band, 
also president and first organizer of 
the Farmers' Institute, for the County 
of Missisquoi, and a director Central 
Canada Agricultural Association. In 
June 1885, the three latter associations 
united in a grand demonstration in his 
honor, to show their appreciation of 
the valuable services he had rendered 
them ; it was the grandest affair of the 
kind ever held in the Townships. Col. 
Gilmour is now the owner of the most 
valuable real estate properties in the 
county. His Manor Stock Farm, Rice- 
burg, Que., is a little short of a square 
mile in extent, and stood first in the 







county, first in the district, and second 
in the Provincial competition for the 
" Merite Agricole," in 1891, receiving 
the silver medal and diploma. Col. 
Gilmour is also a merchant, carrying 
a large stock of dry goods ; a manufac- 
turer, proprietor of the Missiquoi Rec- 
ord, and has been an candidate for 
parliamentary honors. He is also well 
up in military matters, receiving a 
first-class certificate from the Military 
School of Instruction, Quebec, Oct. 29th, 
1864. He was appointed major, Aug. 
4th, 1871 ; Lieut-Col. Aug. 4th, 1876, 
and Lieut-Col, commanding the 6oth 
Batt. of Infantry, I4th June, 1889. 



476 





|EV. DANIEL FISKE, Presby- 
terian Clergyman, Florenceville, 

^S> Carleton County, N.B., was 
born at Passadonkeag, in the State of 
Maine, U.S.A., December 10, 1855. He 
is the son of Benjamin N. Fiske, and 
Catherine McClnre. His father was a 
native of Wilton, New Hampshire, and 
his mother, of Bayside, N. B. He could 
read in the New Testament before 
going to school. Mr. Fiske received 
his early education at Harvey, York 
County, N.B., where he worked on the 
farm in summer and attended school in 
winter, and where he began teaching 
school, when eighteen years of age. He 



continued his studies at the 
Normal and High schools, 
Fredericton, N. B., from the 
former of which he took, at 
intervals, higher grades of 
license, up to that of Gram- 
mar School, obtained in 
1881. He then entered New 
Brunswick University, gra- 
duating from that institu- 
tion with first-class honors 
in 1881, and in his third 
year, obtained the mathe- 
matical scholarship. He 
taught between terms. He 
felt his call to the ministry, 
however, and with this end 
in view took his theological 
course at Pine Hill College, 
Halifax, N. S., graduating 
in 1885, and was ordained 
in the Fall of the same 
year. For about five years 
he engaged in Home mis- 
sion work on the Upper St. 
John River, after which he 
was on probation for a few 
months, and was inducted 
into his present pastorate, 
December 3rd, 1890, where 
he has been very successful 
in building up his charge, 
both spiritually and financially. He is 
an able preacher, a faithful pastor and 
is very devoted to his work. He was 
married, December 3oth, 1885, to Jessie 
R., daughter of the late well-known 
merchant, C. F. McLeod, of Belle Isle, 
N.B., a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, 
and a second cousin of the late Sir 
John A. Macdonald, Premier of Canada. 
His family consists of four children, 
three sons and one daughter. Mr. 
Fiske is a prominent member of the 
Loyal Orange Order and of the Sons 
of Temperance, and takes a warm in- 
terest in the success of each of these 
associations. 



MKISI 



477 




\\7lLLIAM WRIGHT, Commer- 
^ ^ cial Traveller, Hats, Caps and 
Furs, representing James Coristine & 
Co., Montreal, was born in the County 
of Armagh, Ireland, July I2th, 1849. 
He is a son of Win. Wright, Esq., who 
was educated for the ministry, but 
abandoned that calling for agriculture. 
Mr. Wright was educated at the First 
National School in his native place, and 
afterwards attended the High School 
(Portadowu), where he completed his 
commercial course. After leaving 
school, he followed farming for three 
years, when he came to Canada (1873), 
and immediately entered the wholesale 



hat and fur establishment of Greene & 
Sons Co., Montreal, where he remained 
for twelve years. At the end of that 
time, he associated himself with the 
firm of James Coristine & Co., with 
whom he has since been identified as 
traveller in the Eastern Townships and 
Prince Edward Island. In religion, 
Mr. Wright is an Episcopalian, and in 
politics, a Conservative, and active in 
election campaigns. He is also a pro- 
minent member of the I.O.O.F. Mr. 
Wright was married, in 1883, to Miss 
Elizabeth Fraser, daughter of the late 
Thomas Fraser, of Montreal, who died 
one year after her marriage. 



478 




JAMES W. REID, M.D., C.M., 
Physician and Surgeon, Wind- 
sor, N.S., was born in Musquo- 
doboit, Halifax Co., N.S., May 3Oth, 
1859. His parents were Robert and 
Mary Ann, (Archibald) Reid. Dr. 
Reid was educated in arts in Dalhousie 
University, and took the degree of M.D., 
C.M., from Halifax Medical College in 
taking the faculty graduating 



prize for the year, and has also taken 
Post Graduate courses in the Post 
Graduate School of Medicine, New 
York, and the New York Polyclinic. 
He immediately began to practice his 
profession, and for a time was a partner 



of Dr. J. B. Black, but now practices 
alone, and has a very large and pro- 
fitable connection. For a young man, 
Dr. Reid is moving rapidly to the front 
in his profession, being already known 
as a skilled physician, and a most high- 
ly respected and desirable resident of 
the community. In religion, he is a 
Presbyterian, and in politics, a liberal. 
He is also a member of the British Me- 
dical Association and the Nova Scotia 
Medical Society, and a member of the 
Masonic fraternity. He was married, 
in 1891, to Miss Minnie Falconer, 
daughter of *Dr. A. F. Falconer, of 
Sherbrooke, N.S. 



]VLKN 



479 




,BV. BENJAMIN WILLIAM 
DAY, Congregational Clergy- 
man, Granby, P.Q., was born 
at Birmingham, Eng. He is a son of 
Benjamin D. Day, who was in his 
day a well-known local preacher. His 
mother's maiden name was Harriet 
Phillips. Mr. Day was educated at 
the Toronto Congregational College, 
from which he graduated in 1861. He 
was ordained by the Rev. John Wood, 
Rev. E. Ebbs, and others in 1862, after 
which he took charge of the mission of 
Turnbury and Howiclc, where he re- 
mained four years, afterwards remov- 
ing to the Stouffville and Markham 
churches, where he remain- 
ed ten years, when he re- 
moved to Cowansville, P.Q., 
serving for four years. He 
then went to Lanark, Ont., 
and after preaching there 
for nine years, retired for 
two years on account of ill 
health. He then removed 
to Mansville, N. Y., where 
he continued for two years, 
and in the Autumn of 1893, 
received and accepted a call 
to Granby, the most impor- 
tant charge in the Eastern 
townships. Mr. Day has 
been one of the most suc- 
cessful ministers of the 
Gospel. On all his charges, 
he has gained the affection 
and esteem of his people, 
and, indeed, there is rarely 
found a clergyman in whom 
are combined so many gifts. 
He is an able preacher as 
well as a devoted pastor, 
and his long service in his 
church has had a good 
influence on many. In 
politics, he is a Liberal, but 
takes no active part in poli- 
tical affairs, preferring to 



devote his time and energy to preaching 
the Gospel. Mr. Day was married, in 
June 1862, to Miss Jennie Foggin, 
daughter of the late John Foggin, 
Toronto. Mrs. Day has always taken 
an active part with her husband in 
church matters, and her amiable qua- 
lities and rare gifts have placed her 
high in the esteem of the people among 
whom she has lived. His family con- 
sists of one son, Francis John, who is in 
his final year in arts at McGill College, 
Montreal, and has thus far taken 
honors at each examination, and is 
now giving special attention to the 
study of Semite languages. 




480 



OR 



4 TON. WILLIAM RICHARDS, 
^^M ex-M.P.P., Bideford, Hllerslie 
V: P.O., P.E.I., was born May 
1 5th, 1819, in Swansea, South Wales. 
His parents were the late Capt. Wm. 
Richards and Margaret Thomas. He 
was educated in Swansea and Water- 
ford, Ireland. Very early in life, he 
exhibited a partiality for the sea, and 
when about eighteen years of age, went 
to sea with his father, and at twenty- 
five, had risen to be master mariner, 
and subsequently a vessel owner. Early 
in the " fifties," Mr. Richards left the 
sea and engaged in ship building and 
mercantile pursuits, first in Port Hill, 




P.E.I., but ultimately at Bideford, 
where he soon owned one of the finest 
ship yards in the Province, and where 
he built vessels for the English market, 
and for trading on his own account, 
chiefly to the West Coast of South 
America, Brasil, the East Indies 
and the Mediteranean. Latterly, he 
and his sons have been engaged in 
farming and stock raising, on a large 
scale, and have been very successful in 
this departure. Mr. Richards is also a 
director and large stock holder in the 
Charlottetown Steam Navigation Com- 
pany, ltd., who own " The Northumber- 
land," "The St. Lawrence," "The 
Princess of Wales," "The 
M. A. Starr," tc. In 1870, 
he was elected by acclama- 
tion to the Legislative As- 
sembly of P.E.I., and was a 
member of the Government 
during 1871-72. April 4th, 
1872, a general election took 
place, in which he was de- 
feated. He did not take an 
active part, in politics then 
until i876,when he was elec- 
ted to the Legislative Coun- 
cil, and when his term ex- 
pired, did not offer himself 
again. In politics, he is a Con- 
servative, and in religion, an 
Episcopalian. In 1849, Mr. 
Richards was married to 
Susan, daughter of the late 
Hon. James Yeo, a promi- 
nent merchant and ship 
owner of Port Hill, formerly 
of Cornwall, England. His 
family consists of two sons 
and one daughter, viz. : 
Hon. James W. Richards, 
M. P. P., Bideford, John 
Richards, of Charlottetown, 
and Isabel M., now Mrs. 
W. McLea Walbauk, of 
Montreal. 



JVIKN 



481 





M. CAMPBELL, Photo- 
grapher, Woodstock, N. B., was 
born in Carleton County, Sep- 
tember 1 7th, 1843. He is the son of 
Enoch Campbell and Eliza Dickinson. 
His father was born on the Tobique 
River, Victoria County, his grandfather, 
Edmund Campbell, being the first man 
who settled there. Mr. Campbell re- 
ceived his education at the schools of 
Carleton County, and at the Woodstock 
Grammar School, after which he assist- 
ed his father on the farm until he was 
twenty-five years of age, when he went 
to the State of Maine to learn photo- 
graphy. After making himself master 



of the art, he did a travelling business 
in the U. S. for eight years. He then 
returned to his native town, and pur- 
chased the gallery formerly occupied 
by W. A. Moores, the leading photo- 
graphic establishment of the place. 
Since then, Mr. Campbell's work has 
become well known and largely patron- 
ized throughout his section of country. 
Mr. Campbell has been married twice, 
and the last time, in 1881, to Ida L., 
daughter of Andrew Given, Esq., of 
Plymouth, Me. His family consists of 
one daughter and three sons. In religion , 
he is a Calvanistic Baptist. He is a 
member of the I.O.O.F. and I.O.F. 

3' 



482 



OR 




JAMES TEMPLE FORBES, 
Contractor and Builder, Monc- 
ton, N.B., was born in Albert 
Co., N.B., June 24th, 1847. He is tne 
son of J. W. Forbes, of Halifax, N.S. 
He was educated in the schools of 
Nova Scotia, and then learned the drug 
business, after which he worked in 
Boston, Mass. Returning to Monctou, 
he was engaged in the dry goods busi- 
ness until 1875, when he became 
accountant and paymaster on the 
Moncton and Buctouche R'y, then 
being built, and so continued until the 
road was completed. He then com- 
menced as a contractor, and has so 



continued to the present time. He is 
a member of the Methodist Church, also 
of the Masonic fraternity, was a member 
of the Council Board of Moncton for 
seven years, also of the County Council, 
and was secretary of the Board of 
health for a number of years, and at 
present (1893) is a member of that 
body. He is a Conservative, and for 
many years was secretary of the Con- 
servative Association of the Moncton 
district. In December, 1872, he mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac 
Henderson, of White Haven, England. 
He has had seven children, two of whom 
are now living. 



OK 



483 




McCOURT, 
Editor of the Watch- 
man, Charlottetown, 
Prince Edward Island, was 
born April 29th, 1850, at 
West Newton, Lot 26, P.E.I. 
His parents, Bernard and 
Margaret (Hughes) 
McCourt, were natives of 
Ireland, and highly respect- 
ed for their honesty and in- 
dustry. After a public 
school education, Mr. Mc- 
Court entered a printing 
office where he learned the 
art of printing. In 1876 he 
started the Advertiser in 
Georgetown, P. E. I., which 
he conducted with much 
usefulness and vigor until 
1882. From 1885 until 
1892, Mr. McCourt held a 
position in the registry office, 
Charlottetown, during part 
of which time he collected 
under great difficulties, the 
material for the work enti- 
tled "Biographyand Speech- 
es of Hon. E.Whelan," pub- 
lished in 1888. The subject 
of this volume was, for many 
years, a leading statesman 
of P. E. Island, and the biography, thus 
written, has been a very valuable work. 
In 1890, when the Watchman was start- 
ed, Mr. McCourt assumed the editor- 
ship, and now gives it his entire time 
and attention, and under his able 
management the paper has become 
widely known throughout the Island, 
and is a powerful organ in the interests 
of the conservative party. In religion, 
Mr. McCourt belongs to the Roman 
Catholic Church, and in politics he is 
a staunch Liberal-Conservative, and an 
active and influential member of his 
party. He is president of the Bene- 
volent Irish Society, and second vice- 




president of the Catholic Mutual Bene- 
fit Association of Charlottetown. In 
1883, Mr. McCourt was married to 
Miss Fannie B. Byrne, daughter of 
the late Martin Byrne, Esq., of George- 
town, by whom he has five children, 
three sons and two daughters. Mr. 
McCourt is an enthusiastic journalist, 
a loyal Canadian and believes strongly 
in British institutions and toleration 
towards all classes and creeds, always 
has the courage of his convictions, 
and is fearless in defending the right 
and denouncing the wrong, conse- 
quently he has the esteem and consi- 
deration of all who know him. 



JVlEN OK 





r . MOSES P. ORSER, Pastor 
the Free Baptist Church, 
Hartland, Carleton County, 
N. B., was born in the parish of Brigh- 
ton, Carleton County, November 22nd, 
1833. He is the son of Moses Orser 
and Martha Hamilton, his father was 
born on the farm our subject is now 
living on, and his mother in Lincoln, 
Sunbury County, N.B. His grand- 
father, William Orser, came to this 
country with the U. E. Loyalists, and 
for a few years resided near Fredericton, 
after which he removed to Hartland, 
where he resided until his death. Mr. 
Orser received his education at the 



public schools of Carleton 
County, and on leaving 
school, went on the farm, 
and continued farming until 
1 870, when he commenced to 
study for the ministry, and 
was ordained December 
26th, 1875, his first pastor- 
ate being the parish of Peel, 
Carleton County. He was 
then at Simmons, Carleton 
County, and Canterbury 
Station, York County. He 
then labored for some years 
in Nova Scotia, afterwards 
returning to Carleton Coun- 
ty, where he now resides. 
He was chairman of the 
Free Baptist Assembly of 
New Brunswick, for thirteen 
years in succession, when 
he resigned, and became 
assistant clerk for two years, 
and in 1893, he was again 
elected chairman, although 
not being desirous of hold- 
ing the position. Mr. Or- 
ser was married, December 
3ist, 1853, to Caroline S., 
daughter of G. R. Boyer, 
Esq., of Victoria Corner, 
parish of Wakefield, Carle- 
ton County, N.B. His family consists 
of five children, three daughters of 
whom are now living ; the eldest is 
now Mrs. David E. Morgan, of Hart- 
land, the second, Mrs. S. H. White, of 
Hartland, and the youngest is living at 
home. In his earlier days, Mr. Orser 
held many municipal offices, and at 
present is auditor of the Carleton Agri- 
cultural Society, and chairman of the 
Dairymen's Association of Carleton 
County. For five years he was a mem- 
ber of the active militia, and for three 
years held the commission of ensign in 
Capt. Vinces Company, and was after- 
wards elected captain of a company. 



MEN OF* C AX ADA. 



485 




T^REDERICK JOHN BRADD, 
-I M.D., C.M., also Licientiate, Uni- 
versity State of New York, Oiiie- 
inee. Out., was born in Northumberland 
County, Ont, October 3ist, 1860. His 
father, John Bradd, was of U. E. Loy- 
alist descent, and his mother, Jean 
Masson, was born in Wales. Dr. 
Bradd received his primary education 
at the public schools and the Colborue 
and Brighton High schools. When 
seventeen years of age, he procured a 
teacher's certificate, and taught for one 
year, after which he returned to the 
High School and secured a higher cer- 
tificate, on which he taught in Percy 



for five years. In 1884, he entered Tor- 
onto University Medical College, where 
he remained four years, graduating in 
1888. He then removed to Campbell- 
ford, and in 1892, settled in Omeniee, 
where he has secured a large practice. 
In religion, Dr. Bradd is an adherent 
of the Church of England. He is a 
member of and physician to the I.O.O.F. 
and I. O.K. societies, also a member of 
A.F. & A.M. He is a Conservative, and 
an advocate of Canadian Independence. 
May 27th, 1881, he married, Margaret 
Victoria, eldest daughter of Jas. McCor- 
mack, of Warkworth, Ont. His family 
consists of one son and two daughters. 



4 86 







. J. K. FRASER, B. A., 
Presbyterian Minister, Alber- 
ton, P.E.I., was born there, 
August 3ist, 1864. His father, the 
late Rev. Allan Fraser, was, for fifteen 
years, the beloved pastor of the church, 
whose pulpit his son now occupies. 
He died in 1870, aged 45 years, deeply 
regretted. His wife, Annie Keir Fraser, 
who is still living and resides with her 
son, is a daughter of the late widely 
known Rev. Dr. Keir, professor of theo- 
ology to the Lower Province Synod. It 
was but fitting, that the daughter of such 
a revered and excellent man should be 
the wife of one equally pious and Godly. 



Mr. Fraser was educated at the Prince 
of Wales College, Charlottetown, and 
Dalhousie University, Halifax, where 
he took the degree of B.A. in 1889, after 
which he took his theological course in 
the Presbyterian College, Montreal, 
from which he graduated in 1891, with 
first rank honors, taking the gold medal. 
While in Montreal, Mr. Fraser edited 
the Presbyterian College Journal. He 
is an earnest and eloquent advocate of 
prohibition, and has been asked to pub- 
lish his lectures and speeches on this 
subject, which are highly interesting. 
He entered upon his present charge 
in 1891. 



JV1KN OR 



487 



TT QUILLA ORMSBY GRAY- 
_X~\ DON, City Engineer, London, 
V) Ont., was born in that city, 
July yth, 1854. His father was the 
late Simpson Hackett Graydon, B.A., 
(T. C. Dublin), barrister, etc., and ex- 
mayor of London. He was a promin- 
ent Conservative, an alderman of Lon- 
don for many years, and chairman of 
the Board of Education of that city for 
several years. He was a man of bril- 
liant parts, of sterling integrity, and 
the better he was known, the more 
highly esteemed he became. He died 
in 1884, deeply regretted. The subject 
of this sketch was educated in the pub- 
lic and Grammar schools of 
his native city. At seven- 
teen, he entered the Mer- 
chants' Bank of Canada, in 
whose service he remained 
three and a half years, but 
ill health compelled him to 
relinquish banking, and he 
was soon after appointed 
paymaster for Wm.Hendrie, 
of Hamilton, and for three 
years acted in that capacity 
on the W. G. & B. R'y, 
south extension, and on the 
Hamilton and Lake Erie 
R'y. After this, he returned 
to London, and studied 
civil engineering and archi- 
tecture, under Robinson & 
Tracy, both of whom after- 
wards became city engi- 
neers of London. In 1881, 
Mr. Graydon became a P. 
L.S., opened an office of his 
own, and soon had a large 
practice in the County of 
Middlesex. In 1891, he re- 
ceived his present appoint- 
ment, succeeding Col. Thos. 
H. Tracy, whose assistant 
he had been for 'the three 
previous years. Mr. Gray- 



don is resident engineer of the L. & 
P. S. R'y, is a member of the Canadian 
Society of Engineers, and of the Lon- 
don Board of Trade. He is a member 
of the A.F. & A.M., Tuscan Lodge, 
and of the Scottish Rite, also of L.O.L., 
No. 298, and the Knights of Pythias, 
Mizpah Lodge, belongs to the London 
Club and the London Hunt Club. Mr. 
Graydon is well versed in all matters 
pertaining to civil engineering. In 
religion, he is an Episcopalian, and in 
politics, a Conservative. He was a mem- 
ber of the Town Council of London 
East, the year it was amalgamated with 
the city. He is unmarried. 




488 



OK 



JOSEPH B. MACDONALD, 
Merchant, Charlottetown, P.E.I., 
was born in Souris, Kings Co., 
P.E.I., March 22nd, 1848. His father 
was the late Capt. Donald Allan Mac- 
donald, and his mother's maiden name 
was Mary McCormack. They former- 
ly lived at St. Peter's, and were widely 
known and highly respected. Mr. 
Macdonald was educated in the public 
schools of Souris. When about fifteen 
years of age, he entered upon mercan- 
tile life as a clerk, in the employ of Mr. 
Wm. Stone, Souris, with whom he re- 
mained two years, after which he en- 
tered the establishment of the late Hon. 




Patrick Walker, of Charlottetown, re- 
maining with him five years. In 1870, 
Mr. Macdonald established his present 
business, which embraces dry goods, 
clothing, boots and shoes. In 1892, he 
was burnt out, but immediately rebuilt, 
and now has a finer trade and better 
stock than ever. His establishment 
has the reputation for honorable dealing, 
and as such controls a large trade in 
the city of Charlottetown and country 
surrounding. In business, he is enter- 
prising and pushing, and has a wide 
knowledge of his business, while soci- 
ally he is a liberal and public spirited 
citizen, universally esteemed. In reli- 
gion, Mr. Macdonald is a 
Roman Catholic, and in 
politics, a Liberal, an ac- 
tive and influential mem- 
ber of his party. He is 
vice-president of the Cale- 
donia Club, of Charlotte- 
town, president of the C.M. 
B.A., of that city, and a 
member of the Board of 
School Trustees of Char- 
lottetown, for ten years, 
three of which he was chair- 
man. He has been married 
twice : first, in 1876, to 
Miss Elizabeth Quirk, a 
daughter of John Quirk, 
Esq., of Charlottetown, 
P.E.I., by whom he had one 
daughter, and again in 1881, 
to Catharine, daughter of 
James McDonald, Esq., of 
Orwell, and niece of the 
Very Reverend Monsieur 
James McDonald, of St. 
Andrew's, by whom he has 
had four sons and three 
daughters, namely : Joseph 
Bernard, Mary, Annie Eliz- 
abeth, Ernest Somerled, 
Frederick Charles, Louis 
James and Agnes. 



INDEX. 



Adams, George W., Fredericton, N.B. 457 

Adamson, Robert, Virden, Man. . . . 325 

Addy, Geo. A. B., M.D., St. John, N.B. 232 

Agnew, John, Alberton, P.E.I 410 

Agnew, Niven, M.D., Winnipeg, Man. . 296 
Aikins, Hon. James Cox., P.C., LL.D., 

Toronto, Ont 342 

Alexander, J. R., M.D., Montreal, Que. 471 
Allen, Hon. Sir John Campbell, K.B., 

LL.D., Fredericton, N.B 21 

Allen, Rev. John Salter, Richibucto, N. B. 79 

Allison, J. Walter, Halifax, N.S. ... 19 

Allison, Leonard, Sussex, N.B '50 

Alloway, Wm. Forbes, Winnipeg, M. . 234 

Anderson, Robt. Alex., Vancouver, B.C. 36 
Archibald, Blowers, North Sydney, Cape 

Breton 311 

Archibald, Wm. H., North Sydney, N.S. 337 

Archibald, Donald, Sheriff, Halifax, N.S. 112 
Armstrong, Hugh, M.P.P., Portage La 

Prairie, M 139 

Armstrong, J. Neville, N. Sydney, N.S. 343 

Ashby, John Burkill, St. Paul's, Man. . 361 

Ashdown, J. H., J.P., Winnipeg, Man. . 380 

Ashley, Wm. Henry, Boissevain, Man. . 424 

Baker, Hon. Loran Ellis, M.L.C., Yar- 
mouth, N.S 174 

Bannatyne, The late Hon. And. Graham 

Ballenden, Winnipeg, M 301 

Barker, Frederic E., Q.C., St. John, N.B. 237 

Barrett, J. Kelly, LL.D., Winnipeg, M. 310 

Barren, William Caven, London, Ont. . 452 

Bathgate, William, Winnipeg, Man. . . 290 

Beatty, Wm., M. A., LL.B., Parry Sound. 252 

Beauregard, Rev. J. Ludger, Waterloo, Q. 434 

Bell, Adam Carr., New Glasgow, N.S. . 451 

Belliveau, Rev. Phil. L., Barachois, N.B. 51 



Benson, Edward, M.D., Bensonhurst, 

Winnipeg, Man 1 1 

Bernier, Hon. Thos. A., St. Boniface, M. 26 

Berrie, Rev. J. Charlton, Hillsboro, N.B. 317 

Bessette, A. H. S. ( Magog, Que 346 

Best, Rev. John Harden, New West- 
minster, B.C. . 54 

Black, C. Allan, M.U., Amherst, N.S. . 402 

Black, J. Burpee, M.D., Windsor, N.S. . 197 

Black, J. Ferguson, B.A.,M.U., Halifax. 99 
Black, The late Rev. John, D.D., Kil- 

donan, M. 306 

Black, William Ross, B.A., Carman, M. 292 

Blackmer, Reuben, Fredericton, N.B. . 403 

Blakely, Elgin Adams, M.D., Winnipeg. 226 

Borthwick, Rev. Hugh J., A.M., Morden 313 
Boswell, Lieut. Col. Charles Musgrave, 

A. B.C., Winnipeg, Man. ..... 377 

Boucher, Rev. Father Amadeus A., Upper 

Charlo, N.B 

Bourque, Thomas Jean, M.D., Richibucto 
Bousquet, J.S., Montreal, Que. .';.. 38 
Bowen, G. A., M.D..C.M., Magog, Q. . . 399 
Bowman, Rev. Archibald, New Glasgow 245 
Bowman, William, London, Ont. . . . 448 
Boyd, Hon. Nath., M.P., Carberry, M. . 32 
Boyle, Robert Clarke, M.D., Morden, M. 409 
Bradd, Fred. J., M.D..C.M., Omenee, O. 485 
Braithwaite, Edward Ainslie, M.D., Edm- 
onton, Alta 427 

Brecken, Rev. Ralph, M.A.,D.D., Fred- 
ericton, N.B 185 

Bridgman, Rev. Wellington, Deloraine, M. 260 

Brigham, Isaac R., Moosomin, Assa . . 72 
Brigstocke, Frederick Herveyjohn, D.D., 

St. John, N.B 27 

Brown, George Wesley, Port Arthur, O. 192 

Browne, George, Winnipeg, M 222 



490 



INDEX 



Brunet, Alfred, Montreal, Q 164 

Bryce, Rev. Dr. B.A.,M.A., LL. B., 

LL.D., Winnipeg, M 314 

Buchanan, Rev. Thos. C., Carberry, M. 264 

Burke, Rev. Alfred Ed., B.D., Alberton. 435 

Burrows, Theo. A., M. P. P., Winnipeg, M. 291 
Byrne, Rev. Father Edward John, B.A., 

Sussex, N.B 47 

Calder, John Geo., M.D., C.M., Medecine 

Hat, Assa 98 

Caldwell, John Fraser, Winnipeg, M. . . 340 
Calhoon, George, Hopewell Cape, N.B. . 385 
Callbeck, Hon. Henry John, Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I 456 

Cameron, The Right' Rev. John, D.D., 

Ph.D., Antigonish, N.S 261 

Cameron, The Hon. John Donald, B.A., 

Winnipeg, M 13 

Campbell, Duncan Hugo, Toronto, O . . 93 

Campbell, Enoch M., Woodstock, N.B. . 481 

Campbell, Geo. Huestis, Winnipeg, M. . 214 

Campbell, Guy, Ottawa, 49 

Carleton, John Louis, St. John, N.B. . . 191 
Carroll, J. T., M.D., C.M., Vancouver, 

B.C 323 

Carruthers, Geo, M.D., Alberton, P.E.I. 411 

Carscallen, Alvin D., M.D., Morris, M. . 364 

Caven, Rev. Wm., Manitou, M 297 

Chalmers, The late John, Poole, O. . . 89 
Cherrier, Rev. Alphonsus Avila, Winni- 
peg, M 210 

Chipman, Judge, John P., Kentville, N.S. 25 

Chisholm, Colin, Sydney, N.S 275 

Chisholm, Rev. John J., P.P., Pictou, N.S. 247 
Chisholm, Rev. Daniel A., D.D., Anti- 
gonish, N.S 259 

Church, Charles Edward, M.P. P. and 

M.E.C., Halifax, N.S 159 

Clinton, Rev. Henry Glynne-Fiennes, 

Vancouver, B.C 208 

Cochrane, Robert Rutherford, B.A., Win- 
nipeg, M 391 

Colcleugh, Frederick William, M.P. P., 

Selkirk, M 24 

Conmee, James, M.P. P., Port Arthur, O. 29 
Cook, Henry George, B.A., M.D., C.M., 

Manitou, M 312 



Cooper, Rev. H. D., M.A., Holland, M. 239 
Cooper, Hugh M., M.D., New Westmins- 
ter, B.C 48 

Cormier, Rev. F. X., Cocagne, N.B. . . 146 

Crawford, Hon. John, Neepawa, M. . . 250 

Crisp, Rev. James, Sussex, N.B 37 

Crisp, Robert Isaac, Souris, M 308 

Crisp, Rev. Robt. S., Salisbury, N.B. . 351 

Crowell, S. Atwood, Yarmouth, N.S. . 156 
Cumberland, Thomas Dickey, Judge, 

Brandon, M 392 

Gumming, Rev. Robert, Westville, N. S. 359 

Gumming, Rev. Thomas, Truro, N.S. . 246 

Curry, Duncan Steele, Winnipeg, M. . . 244 

Curry, Nathaniel, Mayor, Amherst, N.S. 8 

Dagenais, Edward, Montreal, Q 43 

Daley, Major John, Digby, N.S 166 

Daniel, John W., M.D., St. John, N.B. . 229 

Darrach, D., M.D., Kensington, P.E.I. . 406 

Davidson, John A., M.P. P., Neepawa, M. 120 

Davidson, Thomas, Montreal, Q 415 

Davies, L.H., Q.C., M.P., Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I 461 

Day, Rev. B. W., Granby, Q 479 

De Blois, Wm. Minet, Annapolis Royal, 

N.S 199 

Dennis, James Duncan, Yarmouth, N. S. 153 
D'Eschambault, Joseph Alexander F., 

M.D., Winnipeg, M 395 

Dewitt, George Erastus, M.D., Wolt- 

ville, N.S 195 

Doane, F. W. W., Halifax, N.S. ... 71 
Doherty, I.Wilson, M.D., Kingston, N.B. 149 
Doherty, Wm. Woodly, M.D., Campbell- 
ton, N.B 388 

Dollard, Rev. Father William, St. Ste- 
phen, N.B 219 

Donaldson, Samuel James, Prince Albert, 

Saskatchewan 148 

Donald, Wni. A., B.A., Pilot Mound, M. 253 

Doody, Rev. Walter J., Annapolis, N.S. 119 

Dore, Joseph, Emery, Montreal, Q. . . 39 

Dowswell, Albert E., Fort William, O. . 126 

Doyle, Rev. Father E., Mill Town, N.B. 215 

Drewry, Edward L,., Winnipeg, M. . . 294 

Drewry, Fred. William, Winnipeg, M. . 295 

Drewry, Geo., Rat Portage, Out 408 



INDEX. 



49 i 



Drinnan, John, Medicine Hat, Assa. . . 440 

Drummond, Henry Mowat, Winnipeg, M. 455 
Drummond, Rev. Father Lewis Henry, 

Winnipeg, M 347 

Dubuc, Arthur, Montreal, Q 52 

Dumaresq, James C., Halifax, X.S. . . 96 
Duncan, Gideon Mitchell, M.D., Bathurst 

Village, N.B 367 

Duncan, James, P. M., J.P., Glenboro.M. 371 
Dunn, Right Rev. A.H., D.D., Quebec,Q. 464 
Durien, Right Rev. Paul, New West- 
minster, B.C 370 

Dyke, Rev. Joshua, Moosomin, N.W.T. 158 

Ellis, Wm. Harrington, Victoria, B.C. . 34 
Emmons, Wm. Edward, L.D.S., D.D.S., 

Winnipeg, M 300 

Esty, E. J., J. P., Eastman, Q 462 

Fairchild, F. A., Winnipeg, Man . . . . 262 
Fairweather, Fred. Lawrence, LL.B., 

Sussex, N.B 324 

Farquharson, The late Rev. Alexander, 

Sydney, C.B., N.S 282 

Farquharson, Rev. Jas., Pilot Mound, M. 353 

Fergie, Charles, Westville, N.S 242 

Ferguson, Alex. H., M.D., Winnipeg, M. 194 

Ferguson, Hugh McKay, Kingston, N.B. 465 

Finlayson, Allan, Charlottetown, P.E.I. 405 

Fisher, J., M. A., M. P. P., Winnipeg, M. 20 

Fiske, Rev. Daniel, Florenceville, N.B. . 476 

Fitzgerald, John, Portuguese Cove, N. S. 372 

Fogo, Hon. James, Pictou, N.S 285 

Forbes, James Temple, Moncton, N.B. . 482 

Forsyth, Rev. D., A.B., Chatham, N.B. . 1 1 1 
Fotheringham, Rev. Thomas Francis, 

M. A., St. John, N.B 201 

Fowler, Rev. Alfred, B.A., Morris, M.. . 268 
Fox, Rev. Lawrence Charles Prideaux, 

O.M.I., Winnipeg, M 316 

Frame, James Finley, Virden, M . . . . 88 

Fraser, Byron, Morden, M 326 

Fraser, Hon. J. J., Q.C., Fredericton, N.B. 157 

Fraser, Rev. J. K., B.A., Alberton,P.E.I. 486 

Gahan, Garner, M.A., M.D., C.M., Hart- 

ney, M 284 

Gauvin, George A., Halifax, N.S. ... 80 



Geggie, Rev. And. Logan, Truro, N.S. . 332 
George, Dr. Henry M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. 

Calgary, Alta 82 

Gibson, Robert, M.D., Watford, O. . . 57 

Gillies, Jos. Alex., M.P., Sydney, N.S. . 281 
Gilmour, Lieut. -Col., A. H., Stanbridge 

East, Q. . . 475 

Gilroy, Thomas, Winnipeg, M 330 

Girdlestone, Geo. Wm., Winnipeg, M. . 436 

Gisborne, Hartley, Qu'Appelle, Assa. . 106 

Givan, William Roger, Moncton, N.B. . 386 

Glass, W. W. , 268 Yonge st., Toronto, O. 304 

Glines, Geo. A., Winnipeg, M 348 

Gordon, D. McD., M.D., Lucknow, O. . 258 

Gove, Harry, M.D., St. Andrews, N.B . 327 

Gove, Sam. T,, M.D., St. Andrews, N.B. 267 

Grain, Orton Irwin, M.D., Selkirk, M. . 421 

Gray, Rev. James, M.A., Sussex, N.B. . 45 

Graydon, Aquilla Ormsby, London, O. . 487 

Greenway, The Hon. T., Winnipeg, M. . 14 

Greer, Geo. M., M.A., Halifax, N.S . . 211 

Grimmett, Martin L., Winnipeg, M . . . 137 

Gurd, Charles, Montreal, Q 130 

Hagel, N. F., Q.C., Winnipeg, M . . . 200 

Hague, Rev. Dyson, M.A., Halifax, N.S. 53 
Haig, Rev. A. McDonald, B.A., Glen- 

boro, M 307 

Hall, Herbert Ernest, D.D.S., New West- 
minster, B.C 44 

Hall, Walter Henry, Virden, M 287 

Hames, Rev. Arthur Benjamin, Ph. B., 

Oak Lake, M 151 

Hannay, James, St. John, N.B 217 

Hanscom, Wm. Warren, Havelock, N.B. 349 
Harcourt, George, B.S.A., Charlottetown, 

P.E.I 412 

Harris, Robert E., Q.C., Halifax, N.S. . 94 
Harrison, David Howard, M.D., C.M., 

Neepawa, M 125 

Hart, Rev. Thomas, M.A., B.D., Win- 
nipeg, Man 318 

Hartney, James H., M.P.P., Souris, M. 345 

Harvey, A. E., M.D., Wyoming, O. . . 46 

Harvey, Leander, M.D., Watford, O. . . 65 

Heap, James, Selkirk, M 362 

Henderson, D., M.D., F.R.C., P. &S., 

Kingston, 145 



492 



INDEX. 



Laird, George Jackson. M.A., Ph.D., 

Winnipeg, M 390 



Lang, Hamilton, Moose Jaw, Assa. . . . 
Langis, Jos. Antoine, M.D., Petit Rochtr 
Lathern, Rev. John, D.D., Halifax, N.S. 
Law, Wm., M.P.P., Yarmouth, N.S. . . 
Lawson, Geo. , LL.D., Halifax, N.S. . . 
Lewis, William James, M.D., M.P.P., 

Hillsboro, N.B. 31 



107 

124 

73 
167 
240 



Henderson, Rev. Wm. Goold, Winnipeg. 188 

Henneberg, C. Otto Paul, Winnipeg, M. 273 

Hepburn, Wm. David, Preston, O. . . . 420 

Herring, Richard O., Petrolia, O. . . . 466 

Hetherington, G. Albert, M.D., St. John 225 

Hewitt, Rev. Noah, M.A., B.D., Manitou 289 
Hewson, Charles Wentworth Upham, 

M.D., Amherst, N.S 401 

Hodd, James, Stratford, 122 

Hodges, Rev. David H., Oak Lake, M. 92 Little, Rev. Henry Wm., Sussex, N.B. . 333 

Hogan, M.P., Charlottetown, P.E.I. . 450 Long, Rev. George Henry, Souris, M. . 381 

Hogg, Rev. Joseph, Winnipeg, M. 189 i^ud, George Edward, Farnham, Q. . . 467 

Holdsworth, Judge John, Digby, N.S. . 172 Luxton, William Fisher, Winnipeg, M. . 133 

Hoskin, Rev. James, Carman, M. . . . 277 Lyons, Hon. Robert Fern, M.P.P., Car- 

Housser, David, Beamsville, 319 berry, M .216 

Howard, Rev. Samuel, Hampton, N.B. . 59 

Hubbard, Armiger Ibbot, Montreal, Q. . 396 j MacArthur, Duncan, Winnipeg, M. . . 256 

Hughes, Rev. B. N., Hopewell Cape . 365 MacCharles, Roderick William, M.D., 

Hutchings, E. F., Winnipeg, M. ... 182 C.M., Cypress River, M 344 

Hyndman, Fred. Wm., Charlottetown . 419 MacDonald, Angus J., Sydney, N.S. . . 265 

Macdonald, Joseph B., Charlottetown, 

Inkster, Colin, Sheriff, Winnipeg, M. . . 379 | P.E.I 488 

Ireland, William, Parry Sound, O. . . . 280 I MacGillvary, A. D. , M.D., Sydney, N.S. 278 

I Mackay, Alex. Howard, B.A., B.Sc., 

Jack, Isaac Allen, Q.C., St. John, N.B. . 177 LL.D., F.S.Sc. (London) F.R.Sc., 

Jack, Rev. Lewis, Buctouche, N.B. . . 76 Halifax, N.S 9 

Jaques, George Edward, Montreal, Q. . 472 Mackid, H. Goodsir, M.D., Calgary, Alta. 41 

James, Henry Havelock, Buctouche, N.B. 223 Machray, Most Rev. Robt., Winnipeg, M. 355 

Jardine, Thos., Kingston, Kent Co., N.B. 147 Macklin, Marshall, M.D., M.C., P.S.O., 

Johnson, Rev. Levi Stephens, Newcastle. 431 Portage la Prairie, M 121 

Johnson, Rev. Walter R., Killarney, M. 338 Maclean, Rev. John, M.A., Ph.D., Port 

Johnson, Wm. H., M.R.C.S., Fergus, O. 238 I Arthur, 162 

Jones, J. R., M.D., Winnipeg, M. . , .. 173 Macleod, D. J., Charlottetown, P.E.I. . . 17 

Macmillan, Rev. J., B.A., B.D., Halifax, 
Kaulbach, Archdeacon James Albert, N.S 68 

M.A., Truro, N.S 231 Macmonagle, Melborne, St. Stephen, N.B. 227 

Kennedy, The late Lieut. Col. Hon. Macmorine, Rev. Samuel, M.A., Portage 

William Nassau, Winnipeg, M. . . 305 La Prairie, M 286 

King, Edwin David, Q.C., Halifax, N.S. 141 | Macrae, Alex. W., A.M., St. John, N.B. 241 

King, Rev. John M., M. A., Winnipeg, M. 376 Macrae, Rev. Donald, D.D., St. John, 

Kinnear, Thos. Anderson, Sackville, N.B. 35 N.B 221 

Kirchhoffer, Hon. Senator John Nesbitt, Mader, Anthony Ivan, M.D., C.M., Ha- 

Brandon. M. . 169 lifax, N.S '. 138 

Kirkpatrick, Everind A., M.D., C.M., Markham, Major Alfred, St. John, N.B. 206 

Halifax, N.S ; . . . 102 Martin, Jean-Baptiste A., Montreal, Q. . 33 

Martin, Joseph, Winnipeg, M 30 

Laing, Rev. Robert, M.A., Halifax, N.S. 132 Martineau, F. R. S., Montreal, Q. . . . 77 

Laird, Hon. David, Charlottetown, P.E.I. 429 Masse, Rev. E. N., Grande Digue, N.B. 63 



INDEX. 



493 



McAvenney, Andrew Francis, D.D.S., 

St. John, N.B 263 

McColl, Ebenezer, Winnipeg, M. ... 274 
McConnell, Benjamin James, M.D., Mor- 

den, M 414 

McConnell, John, M.B., Toronto, O. . . 404 
McCourt, Peter, Charlottetown, P.E.I. . 483 
McCoy, Rev. Joseph, Chatham, N.B. . . 117 

McCully, William, Truro, N.S 224 

McCutcheon, Hugh, Kamlocps, B.C. . . 418 
McDevitt, Rev. Father J., M.A., Sus- 
sex, N.B 75 

McDevitt, Rev. James Charles, Frederic- 
ton, N.B 171 

McDiarmid, A., M.D., Winnipeg, M, . 161 
McDonald, Rev. Win. Bernard, B.D., 

Lourdes, N.S 220 

McDonald, Right Rev. Jas. Chas, D.D., 

Charlottetown, P.E.I 398 

McDonald, The late Very Rev. Daniel, 

D.D., Charlottetown, P.E.I 430 

McDougall, Adam Gerrond, J.P., Vir- 

den, M ...... 84 

McEwen, James Arthurson, M.D., Mel- 
bourne, 86 

McFadden, John Jas, M.D., Neepawa, M. 163 
Mclnnis Herman Lewis, M.D., C.M., 

Edmonton, Alta 56 

Mclntosh, Rev. D. J., P.P., North Syd- 
ney, N.S 257 

Mclntyre, John, Fort William, O. ... 251 
Mclntyre, Right Rev. Peter, D.D., Char- 
lottetown, P.E.I 432 

McKellar, John, Fort William, O. . . . 154 
McKenzie, JohnT., Charlottetown, P. E.I. 445 
McKiel, Rev. Win. Le Baron, St. Mar- 
tins, N.B 315 

McLarren, Prince Doane, Halifax. N.S. 95 

McLean, Donald, Calgary, Alta 74 

McLean, Honorable Daniel, Portage La 

Prairie, M 336 

McLean, John Clarke Carlos de Leano, 

L.D.S., Montreal, Q 69 

McLean, John William, M.D., C.M., 

North Sydney, Cape Breton, N.S. . 299 
McLelan, Hon. Arch., W., Halifax, N.S. 5 
McLeod, Ezekiel, Q.C., M.P., St. John, 

N.B. . 473 



McLeod, Rev. Hugh, A.M., D.D., Syd- 
ney, C.B 283 

McLeod, Wm. McKenzie, M.D., Sydney, 

C.B 309 

McMicken, the late Hon. Gilbert, Win- 
nipeg, M 1 8 

McMillan, Col. D. H., Winnipeg, Man. 15 
McNeill, Hon. Daniel, M. P. P., Port 

Hood, C.B 23 

McNinch, Rev. Abner Mercereau, F.C. 

Petitcodiac, N.B 127 

Meahan, John C., M.D., Bathurst Vil- 
lage, N.B. . . . 474 
Meikle, John Lovell, Port Arthur, O. . . 170 
Michaud, Rev. F.X.Jos., Buctouche.N.B. 90 

Mitchell, John F. , Winnipeg, M 178 

Moir, John, Holland, M 382 

Monroe, Robert Gordon, Digby, N.S. . . 203 
Moore, Dr. James Walker, St. Stephen, 

N.B. . . 423 

Moortel, Rev. Theophilus Van De, Belle- 
dune, N.B 136 

Moran, Capt. Wm. Henry, St. Martins, 

N.B 335 

Morrison, Jos. H., M.D., St. John, N.B. 179 

Morrison, Rev. Peter M., Halifax, N.S. 60 
Morrison, William Somerville, M.D.. St. 

John, N.B 407 

Morse, Clinton Jas., M.D., Amherst, N.S. 446 

Morse, Edward Jas., B.A., Windsor, N.S. 108 
Morse, William Agnew Denny, Judge, 

Amherst, N.S 339 

Moseley, Hon. E. Tilton, Q.C., Sydney . 269 

Mott, The late John P., Halifax, N.S. . 134 

Mulvey, Major Stewart, Winnipeg, M. . 383 

Murphy, Rev. Edward F., D.D., Halifax 83 

Murphy, Dr. Martin, Halifax, N.S. . . 58 

Murray, George H., M.L.C., N. Sydney 328 

Neill, James Stewart, Fredericton, N.B. . 425 
Newman, Frederick Leslie, Portage La 

Prairie, M 131 

Niblock, John, Medecine Hat, Assa. . . 101 

Nicholson, Robt., M.D., Newcastle, N.B. 104 

Niles, D.C., L.D.S., Winnipeg, M. . . 460 

Nolan, Michael F. , Montreal, Q 81 

Norton, R.B., Charlottetown, P.E.I. . . 447 

Norquay, The late Hon. J., Winnipeg, M. 10 



INDEX. 



O'Donnell, John Harrison, M.D., Winni- 

peg, M .............. 196 

O'Keefe, Rev. Father Michael Alexis, 

Grand Falls, N.B ......... 454 

Oland, John Culverwell, Mayor, Dart- 

mouth, N.S ............ 207 

O'Malley, R. G., M.P.P., Lome, M. . . 230 

Orser, Rev. Moses P., Hartland, N.B. . 484 

Orton, Geo. T., M.R.C.S. Winnipeg, M. 202 

Oulton, Alf. K., Judge, Dorchester, N.B. 160 
Palmer, Charles Arthur, IX- B., Q.C., 

St. John, N.B ........... 394 

Parmelee, Charles Henry, Waterloo, Q. . 442 
Parsons, Rev. Jos. Thos., F.C., Marys- 

vine, N.B ............ 187 

Partridge, Rev. Francis, M.A., D.D., 

Halifax, N.S ........... 70 

Pascoe, Rev. Joseph, Petitcodiac, N.B. . 109 
Paterson, James Alic, M. D., C. M., 

Killarney, M ........... 266 

Paton, James, Charlottetown, P.E.I. . . 426 



176 

389 

190 
193 
209 



218 
354 
378 
233 



Payson, Rev. George Best, Fredericton . 
Pelton, Sandford H., Q.C., Yarmouth . 
Pentreath, Rev. Canon Edwyn Sandys 

Wetmore, B.D., Winnipeg, M. . . . 
Perrin, Albt. Mitchell, M.D., Yarmouth . 
Peters, Thos. W., LL-D, St. John, N.B. 
Pettes, The late Nathaniel, M.P., Knowl- 

ton, Q .............. 470 

Pitblado, Rev. C. B., Winnipeg, M. . . 
Pither, Robert J. Nicholson, Rat Portage 
Poison, Rev. Samuel, Hartney, M. . . . 

Porter, George Marks, St. Stephen, N.B. 
Powell, Henry A., M.A., M.P.P., Sack- 

ville, N.B ....... ..... 416 

Prendergast, Hon. James Emile Pierre, 

M. P. P., Saint Boniface, M ..... 204 
Preston, Nassau Robinson, Winnipeg, M. 270 
Price, William Henry, M.D., Butternut 

Ridge, N.B ............ 4 J 3 

Prowse, L. E., M.P.P., Charlottetown, 

P.E.I .............. 444 

Purdy, Silas, M.D., Albert, N.B. ... 363 

Purves, William, North Sydney, C.B. . 16 

Rainnie, Re v.Wm. Wright, St. John, N.B. 91 
Redmond, James, Winnipeg, M ..... 276 
Redpath, Peter, Montreal, Q ...... 369 



Reid, Jas.W T ., M.D., C.M., Windsor, N.S. 478 
Richards, Hon. Win.. ex-M.P.P.. Ellers- 

lie. P.O., P.E.I 480 

Ritchie, Hon. Allan, Newcastle, N.B. . 428 
Robbins, Rev. John, Truro, N.S. . . . 181 
Robertson, Jas. Edwin. M.D., C.M., Mon- 
tague, P.E.I 357 

Robertson, J. Palmerston, Winnipeg. M. 22 
Robinson, Alex., B.A., Vancouver, B.C. 
Roche, Wm. Jas., M.D., Minnedosa, M. 
Rogers, Benjamin, M.P.P., Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I 438 

Rogers, Frederick, D.C.L. Sault Ste. 

Marie, 118 

Roland, Walpole, Port Arthur, O. . . . 198 
Ross, Rev. Andrew W., Portage La Prai- 
rie, M 150 

Ross, The late Rev. Ebenezer.Truro, N.S. 449 
Rouleau, Ed. Hector., M.D., Calgary, 

Alta 66 

Rouleau, Hon. Chas. B., Calgary, Alta. 28 

Rourke, Wm. Henry., St. Martins, N.B. 288 

Routledge, Tom, J. P., Virden, M. . . . 142 
Rowand, Rev. William, Liddle Hislop. 

Fort William, 212 

Rurnball, Rev. Mark C., B.A., Morden,M. 184 

Rutherford, John, Stellarton, N.S. ... 243 

Ryan, Thomas, Winnipeg, M 180 

Sables, Rev. Chas. Watson, Campbellton, 

N.B 115 

Scanlan, Michael, Montreal, Q 439 

Schaffner, Fred. Lawrence, M.D., C.M. 

Boissevain, M 249 

Schultz, Hon. John Christian, M.D., 

Winnipeg, M 437 

Scott, Thomas, Winnipeg, M. . . ." . . 356 
Scouler, Rev. Thomas., New Westmins- 
ter, B.C 62 

Scovil.S. S., C.M., M.D., Rat Portage, O. 468 

Seeley, Rev. Geo., Petitcodiac, N.B. . . too 

Semmens, Rev. John, Winnipeg, M. . . 186 
Shanks, Alb. Livingston, M.D., C.M.. 

Miami, M 272 

Sharp, Isaac Clarence, M. D., Marys- 

ville, N.B 175 

Shaw, Rev. John, New Glasgow, N.S. . 228 

Shortt, Alfred, Halifax, N.S 155 

Sifton, Clifford, Brandon, M 12 



INDEX. 



495 



Simpson, Rev. Allan, Halifax, N.S. . . 67 
Simpson, R. M., M.D., C.M., Winni- 
peg, M 334 

Skillen, William Edgar, J. P., St. Mar- 
tins, N.B 279 

Smith, Captain W. H., F.R.G.S., Hali- 
fax, N.S 114 

Smith, Chas. Reynolds, Amherst, N.S. . 400 
Smith, Joshua Newton, M.D., Hamp- 
ton, N.B 55 

Smith, Henry Hall, Winnipeg, Man. . . 320 

Smith, Montague A. B., M.D., Halifax, 103 

Smith, Samuel C., Uxbridge, 441 

Somerset, John Beaufort, Winnipeg, M. 293 
Sparling, John Henry, M.D., C.M., Pilot 

Mound, M 368 

Sparling, Jos. Walter, M.A., D.D., Win- 
nipeg, M 374 

Spencer, Elijah Edmond, M.P.P., Fre- 

lighsburg, Q 417 

Spencer, Rev. W. H., B.A., Montague, 

P.E.I 422 

Spera, Archibald E., Winnipeg, M. . . 298 

Starr, John, Halifax, N.S 129 

Stephens, George W., jr. Montreal, Q. . 459 
Stevens, Hon. James G., Q.C., St. Steph- 
en, N.B 235 

Stevens, Hy. Thaddeus, Moncton, N.B. . 373 

Stewart, Frank Duncan, Carman, M. . . 322 

Stewart, Rev. A., B.D., Winnipeg, M. 375 

Stobart, Frederick Wm., Winnipeg, M. 321 

Stoyte, J. Chas., B.A., M.B., Souris, M. 360 

Strong, Charles W., Sutnmerside, P.E.I. 469 
Sturdee, Henry Lawrence, M.A., St. 

John, N.B 255 

Summers, Rev. Donald, J., L,.D. Pros- 
pect, N.S 152 

Sutherland, John, Kildonan, M . . . . 248 
Sutherland, Rev. Hugh Campbell, B.A., 

Carman, M 350 

Sutherland, Rev. John Sanders, B.A., 

Sussex, N.B 42 

Tache, The most Rev. Alex. Antonin, 

St. Boniface, M 113 

Taylor, The late J. W., Winnipeg, M. . 397 

Taylor, Thomas B.. Watford, O. . 61 



Templeman, William, Victoria, B.C. . . 123 

Tennant, Matthew, Fredericton, N. B. 443 
Thompson, A. Stewart, M.B., L.R.C.P., 

Strathroy, 73 

Thornton, Robert Stirton, M.B., C.M., 

Deloraine, M 393 

Tobin, Wm, M.D., Halifax, N.S. ... 105 

Torrens, Benj. Henry, Fredericton, N.B. 168 

Travers, Boyle, M.D., St. John, N.B. . . 183 

Tupper, Jas. Stewart, Q.C. , Winnipeg, M. 7 
Tupper, Hon. Sir Chas., Bart, G.C.M.G., 

C.B., LIv.D., M.D., Amherst, N.S. 6 

Tweed, Thos., M.L.A., Medicine Hat, A. 64 

Urquhart, Rev. Alex., Brandon, M. . . 384 
Vincent, Rev. Thos. ,D.D., Moose Factory 

N. W. T 302 

Walker, Hon., David Marr, Winnipeg, M. 165 
Walton, Rev. Thos. Henry Jackson, B.A. 

Morden, M. . . . 254 

Ware, Wm T., Montreal, Que 458 

Watson, Hon. Robt, M.P.P. Winnipeg, M. 205 

Weaver, Rev. G. D., Montague, P. E. I. 453 

Weddall, John James, Fredericton, N.B. 433 

Weidman, James, Rat Portage, O. . . . 236 

Weir, W. A., Rat Portage, 341 

Wemyss, John, M.A., Neepawa, M. . . 143 
White, Rev. Alg. Silva, B. A., Carman, M. 358 
White, Wm, Q.C., Moosomin, Assa. . . no 
Whitman, Alf. , B. A. , LL. B. , Halifax, N.S. 87 
Wickwire, The late John L,eander, Can- 
ning, N.S 128 

Wilcocks, Geo. Cornish, Granby, Q. . . 116 

Willis, The late Edward, St. John, N.B. 303 
Wilson, Hon. Herbert Charles, M.D.. 

Edmonton, Alta 85 

Wishart, Capt. James, St. Martin's, N.B. 271 

Wood, J. Taylor, Halifax, N.S 97 

Wood, Rev. Charles, Souris, M 331 

Wright. William, Montreal, Q 477 

Wurtele, Rev. L. C., M.A., Actonvale, y. 463 

Young, Ainslie L,unham, Souris, M. . . 366 

Young, J. Jackson, Moosomim, Assa. . . 352 

Young, J. Pringle, Portage La Prairie, M. 135 

Young, The Rev. Geo., D.D., Toronto, O. 329 
Young, The Right Rev. R., D.D., Bishop 

of Athabaska 213 




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